Skip to main content

Full text of "An American dictionary of the English language : exhibiting the origin, orthography, pronunciation, and definitions of words"

See other formats


mil I III iiii 

3 1822 02765 1934 



iri^llfr?i^i',7,ln9.';uC*'i"'ORNIA, SAN DIEGO 

I I I I I I l|l|M||MI |!llll|l||i||lll<i: : 

, 3 1822 02765 1934 

















sin ^p^JcnDii% 




No. 82 Cliff- Street. 

184 5. 

Y > 1 T-Pl ». " •■ ***- 

0:^" For Apiicndix, seepage 041. 


n« IT RCMViiiixnEn, That on tho tnnth clnr<>rJ'ily) in t'lo firty-fimrlh jrenr of lh« InrtppenHonre of the Un'tiwi Hitto* ol 
Amtirlni, Noah \Ver>tkr nnd JoiirH K. \A onritTEii, of Iho Dalit itiatrict, tiave dopotiliHj in tbii oflJc« ibo lill« of a book, 
(ko ri);l>l wlioii'(>r llicy claim ui |>rii|irioti>rii, in tlio woi'li rollxuiiii;, lo vil : — 

" An Amorinin Dirlinnnry of Itio Kngliali I.onpimjjo ; axliil>iling tlio Ori5in, Orthogrnphy, Pronunciation, and (tcfinitiota 
of Wiiriii: liv N<iuli VVoloior, M.. I).: nlirlilt,'i-(i frnm tlio Uii'irlo Kilitinn of tho Autlior : to which are ai linii, a hiynopiM 
of WoriJH ililforpiitly prono'iiirnl by (lifTurunt Urthucpiitii ; and \V'alker'a Key to the Clauical Pronunciation of Ureek, Latia, 
Mul Scripture Proju'r Nome*." 

In conformity to tho art of Congrejii of tho United SlMoi, entitled, " An Act for the encouragement of learning, hy tecurinf 
ibe copica of liiapo, chntti. ami hookn, to tlir authors nnd proprietorii of iiuch copiei during the time* there. .1 mentioned;' 
and ol«o to tho act, ontltlod, "An Act nupiilomoiitury to an act, cntitli'd, ' .\n Act for the encouragement of learning, \>j 
aacurin; the copieii of map4, chnrti, and boolta, to the authors and proprietors of auch copien, during the timei therein mea 
< ioiiad ;* and extending the beiiotila thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching hiitoricul and other prints." 

Clerk of Uit District of ConntctituL 


Vistnct Clnk't OJUt 
ta ; ." REMEMBERBD, That OH the thirteenth day of Julv, A. D. 1S29, in tho 6fly-fourth year of the Independence of Ibe 
United States uf Ainoricn, Noah Webster and Joseph E. Worcester, of the said district, have deposited in this offiea 
Ihe title of a book, tlie right whereof they claim as proprietors, in tlie words following, to wit ; — 

" An American Dictionary of the English Language; exhibiting the Origin, Orthography, Pronunciation, and Definition! 
of Words: hy Noah Webster, LL. D. : abridged from tho Cluartu E>lition of the Aiithur: to which are added, a Synopsia 
•f Words differently pronounced by different Orthot:pists ; and Walker's Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek, Latio, 
and Scripture Proper Barnes." 

In conformity to the act of tho Congress of the United States, entitled, " An Act for the encoura^iment of learning, by 
■ecuring tho copies of maps, charts, aiul books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during tho times therein men- 
tioned ;" and also to an act, entitled, " An Act supplementary to an act, entitled, ' An Act for the encjuragement of learning, 
by securing the copiog of maps, charts, and books, to tho authors and proprietors of such copies, durir.g the times therein HM* 
tioaed ;' and ezteoU'Dg tho beuofits thereof to the arts uf designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints." 

Clerk of the District af Massackusetis 

n>e Appendix baa been entered, acconUcs to the Act of Confresi, ai the ytu IStl, 


la the Clerk's Office of the Dlstnct Court of the Dietrict of ConBectknt 


The author of the American Dictionary of the English Language has been 
prevented, by the state of his health, from attending, in person, to its aoridgment 
into the octavo form. The work has, therefore, been committed, for this purpose, 
to Mr. J. E. Worcester, of Cambridge, Massadiuaetts, who has strictly adhered 
to the general principles laid down for his direction by the author. Cases of doubt, 
arising in the application of these principles, and such changes and modifications 
of the original as seemed desirable, in a work of this kind, intended for general 
use, have been referred, for decision, to Prof. Goodrich, of Yah College, who 
was requested by the author to act, on these subjects, as his representative. 
The Synopsis of words of disputed pronunciation has been prepared by the former 
of tht-se gentlemen ; Walker's " Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek, Latin 
and Scripture Proper Names" has passed under the revision of the latter. 

The following are some of the most important principles on which the Abridg- 
ment has been conducted. 

The vocabulary has been considerably enlarged. It here embraces all the words 
contained in the original work, and in Todd's edition of Johnson's Dictionary, to- 
gether with such additional ones as have appeared to the author to be worthy of 

The leading and most important etymologies, as given in the quarto edition, are 
aere retained. 

Thvi definitions remain unaltered, except by an occasional compression in their 
statement. All the significations of words, as exhibited in the larger work, are 
here retained ; and new ones have, in some instances, been added by the author's 
direction, as deficiencies, in this respect, have been discovered. The illustrations 
and authorities are generally omitted : In doubtful or contested cases, however, 
they are carefully retained. 

In cases of disputed orthography, the principle, adopted in the quarto edition, of 
introducing into the vocabulary the different forms in question, has been carried, in 
the Abridgment, to a considerably greater extent. In most instances of this kind, 
the old orthography takes the lead, and is immediately r<)llowed by the one pro- 
posed. The u and k, however, are entirely excluded from such words as honor 
and music, in accordance with the decided tendency of later usage, both in this 
country and in England. In derivative words, the final consonant of the primiiive 
is doubled only tvhen under the accent, in conformity with one of the best establi^lied 
principles of the language. On this subject, Walker observes, in his Rhyming Dic- 
tionary, "Dr. Lowth has justly remarked, that this error (that of doubling the final 
consonant when not under llie accent) frequently takes place in the words worship- 
ping, counselling, etc., which, having the accent on the first syllable, ought to be 
written ivorshiping, counseling, etc. An ignorance of this rule has led many to 
write bigotled for bigoted, and from this spelling has arisen a false pronunciation : 
but no letter seems to be more frequently doubled improperly than /. Why we 
should write libelling, revelling, and yet offering, suffering, reasoning, I am at a loss 
to determine ; and unless / can give a better plea than anv other letter in the alpha- 
bet for being doubled in this situation, I must, in the style of Lucian, in his trial of 
the letter t, declare for an expulsion." In this expulsion, it is believed, the public 
will finally concur, when they reflect, that this violation of analogv takes place in 

!t preface. 

the derivatives of comparatively few words, in opposition to multitudes of instances 
ill wliich tlic gciicnil rule prevails. 

As a miido to proiniuridtion, tlic words liavr; been carefully diviflcd into syllahlos. 
Tliis, in the great majority of iiistaiiccs, decides at once tin.' regular sound of tiie 
vowels in the respective syllables; and wherever the vowels depart from this regu- 
lar sound, a ^;o/«^y/ letter is used, (li!noting the sound whieh they receive in such 
cases. When under the accent, the regular long sound of the vowels is also indi- 
cated by a pointed letter. Thus, by means of pointed letters, the necessity of re- 
spelling the words, as a guide to pronunciation, is chiefly obviated. In cases of 
dis[)uted pronunciation, the diirerent forms are frequently given. But the Synopsis 
of Mr. Worcester exhibits these diversities much more fully, and gives, in one 
view, the decisions of the most apjiroved Pronouncing Dictionaries resjjecting about 
eight hundred primitive words, which, of course, decide the pronunciation of a great 
number of derivatives. Those who are interested in such inquiries are thus pre- 
sented, at a single glance, with nearly all the important points of diflerence in 
English orthoepy, and are enabled to decide for themselves, without the expense 
or trouble of examining the several authorities. 

In some instances, vowels have a fluctuating or intermediate sound ; and hence 
there is a great diversity among orthoepists in their manner of indicating the sound 
in question. Thus the sound of a, in monosyllables, in ass, ast, ask, ancc, ant, etc., 
is marked by some with the short sound of a in fat, and by otliers with its Italian 
sound, as in father. In this work, the latter is given as the prevailing sound both in 
this country and in England. JMitford, indeed, observes, in his work on Har- 
mony in Language, " No English voice fails to express, no English ear to perceive, 
the difference between the sound of a in jyassing and passive ; no colloquial familiar- 
ity or hurry can substitute the one sound for the other." The true sound, how- 
ever, is not so long as that of a m father, but corresponds more exactly to the final a 
in umbrella. Being thus short, it is often mistaken for the sound of a mfat. There is 
another intermediate sound of o, between its ordinary sound infall on the one hand, 
and in what on the other. This is heard in such words as salt, malt, etc. As tliis 
sound seems to incline, in most cases, towards the short rather than the long sound 
in question, it is here marked with the sound of a in what, though in many cases it 
is somewhat more protracted. The sound of o, in such words as lost, loft, toss, etc., 
is not so short as in lot ; but, like the o in nor, though slightly protracted, it should 
by no means be prolonged into the full sound of a in tall. In monosyllables ending 
m are, as hare, fare, the a is slightly modified by the subsequent r. Such words 
ought not to be pronounced as if spelled hay-er, fay-er, but hair, fair. Perry alone, 
of all the English orthoepists, has introduced a distinct character to indicate tliis 
pound ; but it is well ascertained that Walker and others coincided with Perry in 
their pronunciation, in accordance with the general pronunciation of England in this 
respect. These remarks apply likewise to the words parent, apparent, transparent, 
etc. In respect to accent, there are many words in which the primary and secon- 
dary accent are nearly equal in force ; such as complaisant, caravan, etc. In such 
cases, the accent is here thrown towards tlie beginning of the word, in accordance 
with the general tendency of our language. 

In laying this work before the public in its present form, no efforts have been 
spared to make it a complete defining and pronouncing dictionary for general use. 
About sixteen thousand words, and between thirty and forty thousand definitions are 
contained in this dictionary, which are not to be found in any similar work widiin 
the author's knowledge. These additions do not principally consist of obsolete 
terms, or uncommon and unimportant significations of words. In most cases, on the 
contrary, they are terms and significations which are in constant use in the various 
departments of science and the arts, in commerce, manufactures, merchandise, the 
hberal professions, and the ordinary concerns of hfe. They mark tlie progress 
which the English language has made during die seventy years which have elapsed 


since the publication of Dr. Johnson's Dictionary. Within that period, a complete 
revolution has taken place in almost every braHch of physical science. New de- 
partments have been created, new principles developed, new modes of classification 
and description adopted. More rigid principles of definition have been gradually 
introduced into almost every department of human knowledge. In these respects, 
however, our dictionaries have remained almost stationary. The labors of our lexi- 
cographers, since the time of Johnson, have been chiefly confined to tlie btroduc- 
tion of new words into the vocabulary. In the work of which this is an abridgment, 
the words have all been defined anew. The explanations given are adapted to tlie 
idvanced state of knowledge at the present day, and to the changes which seventy 
V^ears have made in the use of terms. In the definitions of the leading and im- 
portant words, the signification is explained by enumerating the properties of tlie 
object in question, and not merely by a reference to other words of a similar im- 
port. In numerous instances, the distinctions between words which are apparently 
synonymous are traced with great minuteness; and it is hoped that the present work 
may supply, to a considerable extent, the place of a regular treatise on English 
synonyms. In a work of tliis kind, however, embracing, as it does, the whole circle 
of ideas embodied in the language of a nation, the utmost efforts of the lexicogra- 
pher are only an approximation towards the end in view. No single mind can 
enter, with perfect exactness, into all the raultiphed distinctions of thought and lan- 
guage, among a highly oivihzed people. The author of such a work may, therefore, 
confidently hope for the candor and indulgence of an enlightened public. 

As the author of the original work has intrusted the superintendence of the 
Abridgment to another person, he is not to be considered as responsible for any of 
the modifications already alluded to. The quarto edition will, of course, be con- 
sidered as presenting his exact views of tlie proper arrangement and exhibitior^ 
of words, in respect to their orthography and pronunciation. 

New Haven, June 1, 1829. 




TiiR author of the American Dictionary of the English Language, at the 
expiration of twelve years from its first publication, has given to the world a 
new edition of the work, containing his last corrections and improvements. 
These, in all important particulars, are now introduced into this Abridgment; 
chiefly in the form of an Appendix, which will be found at the end of the volume. 
Corrections, however, have in numerous instances been made in the body of the 
work itself; and where this could not be done without great inconvenience, 
they have been reserved for a distinct mention in this Preface. Thus the 
Abridgment as now presented to the public, is made to correspond, in every 
important respect, to the most improved form of the great work which it repre- 
sents. It will, therefore, in its future publication, bear the name of the Revised 

It will now be proper to state more distinctly, the alterations and improve- 
maents made by the venerable author, in his recent edition of the larger work. 

1. About^/J!een thousand words have been added to the vocabulary, all of 
"which will be found in the Appendix to this work. 

2. The definitions have been found in comparatively few cases to need cor- 
rection, except in one or two branches of science, where a change of nomen- 
clature has, to some extent, taken place. New senses of words, however, have 
fre(]ucntly been added ; and these, together with all material changes of defini- 
tion in important terms, will be found in the Appendix under the words them- 
selves, which are given anew. 

3. In a class of words which have borne two forms, the author selects that 
which he deems most proper, and discards the other. Thus he prefers to write 
aftericai'd, baclaoard, foTward, onward, toicard, &c., without the s. He rejects 
amongst and lohilst, as obsolete ; and disannul, as an unauthorized and unne- 
cessary substitute for anmil. He prefers skeptic to sceptic ; gimlet to gitnblet ; 
Mnhammedism to Mohammedanism; chamomile to caT?iomile ; handcj-aft to 
handicraft ; handwork to handy work ; incase to encase ; enlist to inlist ; em- 
body to imbody. He also remarks, (what had escaped his notice in the first 
edition.) that wiseacre is the German iceissager, or foreteller ; and would more 
properly be spelled, xoise-sayer. On the principles laid down in the Preface to 
this Abridgment, most of these words were inserted under both their forms ; 
and still are suilered to stand because it was found dilficult to make the change. 
It will be understood, however, from this statement, which form the authoi 

4. The pronunciation of some disputed words has been changed, in conformity 
with general analogies, or more recent usage. These it is unnecesary to enu- 
merate, as they will be found in the body of the work. 

iVeic Haven, July 1, 1841. 




The oSject of this Synopsis is to exhibit, at one view, the manner in which words 
of doubtful, disputed, or various pronunciation, are pronounced by the most eminent 
English orthoepists. To these words a star is prefixed, as they occur in the Dictionary. 

The six Pronouncing Dictionaries which have been made use of in the Synopsis, 
namely, those of Sheridan, Walker, Perry, Jones, Fulton and Knight, and Jameson, 
were originally published in the order of time in which they are here exhibited, 
Sheridan's being the first, and Jameson's the last. 

The work of Perry, which has been made use of, is his " Synonymous, Etymological 
and Pronouncing English Dictionary," in royal 8vo., which was first published in 
1805, and which differs, in the pronunciation of many words, from Perry's " Royal 
Standard English Dictionary," which appeared many years earlier. 

These orthoepists have each his own peculiar system of notation ; but as their sev 
eral systems could not be exhibited in the Synopsis without much inconvenience, and 
without causing great confusion and perplexity to the reader, their respective pronun- 
ciations have been represented by one method of notation. As these authors do not 
agree with each other with respect to the number and quality of the sounds of the 
English vowels, it is impossible, by the notation here used, to represent, in every 
instance, their precise difference. The cases of failure, however, are not important. 

Perry alone makes a distinction between the sound of long a as m fait , and of a as 
\n farf, which last is marked by him thus (a). Sheridan, Perry, Fulton and Knight, and 
Jameson, make no distinction between the short sound of o as in not, and the sound of 
as in nor ; and Sheridan makes none between the sound of short a as in fat, and of 
what IS called the Italian sound of a as in far and fat/irr. Fulton and Knight, on the 
contrary, not oaly make a distinction between the sound of a in fat and in Jar, but 
3csignaiti an intermediate sound, as \n fa!:t, not so short as a in fat, nor so broad as a 
in far, li 13 jjtobable, however, that these orthoepists agreed in practice, in manj 
cases, m which ifiey differed in marking the pronunciation of words ; and that, in va- 
rious instances, ihey omitted to mark the discriminations in their dictionaries, which 
they were in the constant habit of making in reading and speaking. 

With regard to what is called the Italian sound of the letter a as in father, (in the 
Synopsis marked thus, a), there is a great diversity among the different orthoepists. 
Sheridan has not used it at all, and Walker and Jameson are more sparing in the use 
of it tlian Perry, Jones, and Fulton and Knight. Dr. Webster has made more use 
of it than any of them. But this difference of sound is not deemed to be so impor- 
tant as to render it expedient *o introduce tlie words which are affected by it into the 

With regard to the mode of representing the sound of the letter t, when it comes 
after the accent, and is followed by », as in the words natiirr and natural, there is a 
great diversity in the Pronouncing Dictionaries ; and this applies to a numerous class 
of words. It has boon tliouglit necessary to give only a few of these words, mereljr 
enough to show the different modes of different orthoepists. 

There is a class of words, in which the letter d is followed by one of the vowels e, 1^ 
or M, as arduous, hideous, obedience, 6i.c,, respecting which there is a diversity of pro* 


nunciation. A part only of these have been inserted, but enough to exhibit this 
diversity, and indicate what other words must be ad'ectcd by it. 

Tliere arc some words (if three syllables, which we hear pronounced sometimes with 
the secondary accent on the first, and the primary accent on the third ; and sometimes 
with this order reversed ; as, ambusradr, coravai), and jitirlisan. Dr. Webster inclines 
frLiicrally to place the primary accent, in such words, on the first syllable ; but the 
(lilTcrciicc IS not thouf^ht to be important enough to render it advisable, in all cases, to 
c.xliibit them in the Synopsis. 

With regard to the ([iiantity of the last syllable of many words which end in ik and 
inr, i\s,jav(}iilc and vulpine, there is a great diversity in the Pronouncing Dictionaries ; 
and there are sonu; cases in which it is diflicult to say whether the long or the short 
sound is to be preferred, and respecting which every one may, without impropriety, 
be permitted to follow his own taste or the usage to which he is accustomed. Some 
of the words of this sort stand in the Dictionary without having the quantity of the last 
syllable marked ; and but few of them have been inserted in the Synopsis. 

A considerable number of words are inserted, with regard to which there is only one 
uniform pronunciation exhibited by Dr. Webster and the several authorities made use 
of It has, nevertheless, been thought advisable to insert them, because a different pro- 
nunciation from the one here given is countenanced by other authorities, or, to a greater 
or less extent, by usage ; and it may, therefore, be satisfactory to many to see the 
authorities exhibited. The words accessory, centrifugal, centripetal and repertory are 
examples of this class. 

Some words are inserted, of which the pronunciation is, at present, well set- 
tled ; as, for example, break, covetous, hydrophobia and the noun dejile. But with 
regard to these words, a different pronunciation from that which is now established 
formerly prevailed, and is supported by Sheridan. 

It will be seen that, in many instances, there are several words of the same class oi 
family, to which a star is prefixed in the Dictionary, though only one of them is found 
in the Synopsis. In these cases, the leading or primitive word is inserted, which gov- 
erns the rest of the same class ; as, for example, the pronunciation of acceptable an<l 
fearful determines the pronunciation of their derivatives, acceptably , accepiableness, 
fearfully and fearfulness. 

In the Synopsis, the vowels are mariced, in many instances, by a period under them, 
to denote an indistinct sound. These syllables are differently designated by the or- 
thoepists here made use of; though they all doubtless agreed in their manner of 
pronouncing them. In the word celibacy, for example, the vowels in the second and 
fourth syllables, which are represented, in the Synopsis, by the indistinct sound of e (e), 
are represented by Walker, Fulion and Knight, and Jameson, by the long sound of c, 
and by Sheridan and Jones by the short sound of y. Perry marks the i in the second 
syllable short, and leaves the y unmarked, as he does also the a in the third syllable, 
which all the rest designate as short, and which has, in the Synopsis, the mark of 
the indistinct sound of a. 

Those words which, in the first column of the Synopsis, have not the pronunciation 
marked, are pronounced in two different modes in the Dictionary. 

Those words which are so long as not to admit of being displayed, at length, in the 
body of the page, are there placed only in the first column, with Dr. Webster's pro- 
nunciation ; and the pronunciation of the other orthoepists is given at the bottom of 
the page. 


To the Sounds of the Vowels as used in the Synopsis. 



















as in 

thin ; 

tb as in tkU. 

fail, don'»-tive 

rev t-ry. 

clml i^e. 
mSTe, tri p^d. 

sat urn. 



Wtbsttr. Sheridan. 

AFDI-eA-TlVE, {.b-dlk'kj-tlv, 

ABDOMEN, jb-do'mfn, 

AB'SO-LU-TO RY, 5b'8(?-lu-tuir'r?, 

AE'STRAGT, a. ab'strikt, 

Ae4;EPT'A-BLE, ak's?t>-t?-bl, 

AC-CESS', ak'sSs, 

ACCES-SO-RY, ak'sfssyr-r?, 

AD-DIT'A-MENT, 5d'd?-tj-m§iit, 

AD-JC'VANT, ad'ju-vSnt, 

A'E-RIE, a'r?, 

A-GAIN', (a-gen') ?-gSn', 


(a-genst') ) " ' 


AL'COVE, fl kove', 

AL'KA-LI, ai'kj-1?, 

AL-MOST', ill-most', 



AMBUS-CADE, am-bys-kide', 

A-MEN', a-mSn', 

ANCHOVY, Sn-choiv?, 

AN'CIENT, ane'3h?nt, 

A-NEM'O-SeOPE, 5n'?-m93-k5pe' 

XN'GEL, ane'j?!, 

AN-TI-FE'BRILE, &n-t?-fEibrIle, 

ANTl-NO-MY, an't?-n9-m?, 

AN'Tl-PODES, §in-tTp'9-dcz, 

AN-TIP'TO-SIS, an-tipt5s)3, 

AP-PULSE', appyla, 

A'l'KON, apryn, 

AU'UI-LINE, ak'vv?-llne, 


AR'DU-OUS, ar'du-us, 

AR'I E-TATE, ar'?-t-tate, 

AR'ITII-MAN-CY, 51-rltli'msin-ef, 

AROMA-TTZE, ar'?-mgi-llze, 

AT-TIIA IIENT, attr?-h6nt, 

A-VANT' GUARD, 9-vaunt'g5rd, 
A-VOVV'EE, »-vow'5, 

AZURE, azliyr. 



Walker. Perry. Jones. Fulton ^ Knight. JjmtMt: 

ab'df-ka-ttv, ?ib-dTk'5i-«v, ab'd?-ka-Hv, ab'd?-ka-«v, Bbd?-kl-ltr. 

abdo'mfn, j Sb-do'mfn, | jb-dd'm?n, 9b-d6'mfn, ^b-domfn. 

jb-sol'u-tur-rf, ab's(?-lut9-r?, jb-aol'v-tur-?, jb-sorutyr-?, sib-s51'y-ti)ir-rf. 

9ib-8trikt', abstrSkt, jb-itrikt'. 

ak'sfp-tj-bl, 9k-s5p't5i-bl, ak's^p-tj-bl, ik'sfp-tj-bl, ^k-sSp't^-bl. 

ak-ses' ^k-sSs*, ^k-eis', 9k-s€8', ak'ses, $k-«£^, 

ak's?s-s9-r?, ak's?9-89-rf, ak'sfs-feyr-rc, ak's^s-syr-?, ak'sfs-sp-r?. 

9d-dTl'9-ment, fd-dit'j-ment, ad'd?-tfi-ra6nt, ?d-dlt'?-m6nt, ^d-dlt'^-mint. 

ad'jy-vant, 9d-ju'v?nt, ad'jy-vant, ad jy-vant. 

e'r?, a'tr-f, *a'?r-?, Sr?. 

j-gen', j-gain', ^-gSn', ?-gSn', j-gane*. 

j-gfinst'. j-gainsl', f-g5nst', 9-genst', j-g5nst' 

ade-df-kiwng', ade-?-kawng', ade'd?-kawng. 

gil-kove', jl-kove', jl-kSve*, ?iI-Kove', jl-kove'. 

arkj-i?, MkH?, ai'k?-i?, aik?-if, aikj-ii. 

411'most, aU-most', ail-most', ! ^1;"*°^'' | ail'mosU 

' ' ( ail'moet, ) 

ai'pin, ai'pln, ai'plne. 

?l-ter'nate, jl-lCr'n^te, 9J-ter'n?te, ai-t?r-natV. 

am-bys-kade', am-bys-kade', am-bys-kade', am-bys-kade', am-bus-kade' 

a'mSn', a-men', a-mfin', a-mSn', a-men'. 

?n-cho'vf, 9n-cho'v?, pn-cho'v?, ^n-chS'vf, ^n-cho'v? 

ane'sh?nt, an'sh^nt, ane'sh^nt, ane'sh?nt, ane'sh^nt. 

j-nem'9-skope, fi-nSm'99-kope, j-nfim'^-skope, 5i-n6ni'9-sk6pe, 9-nSin 9-skSpe 

aiie'jvl, aiie'j?!, ane'jfl, ane'jfl, anejfl. 

an-t?-fi;b'ril, an-t?-fi;'bril, &n-i?-reb rll, an-t?-feb'rn, an-t?f?b rtl. 

?n-tTn'9-mv, aii't?-n9-m?, sin-tln'9 -m?, 9n-tln'9-mf, ^n-tlii 9 m; . 

Sin-tTp'9-d£7,, ?n-tl(p'9-dez, 9n-tIp'9-dCz, ^n-tlp'o-dez, 9n-tlp9-dez. 

an-tjp-to'sjs, jn-tip t9-sl3, Kn-tip-to'siii 

ap'pyls, jp-puls', ap'pyls, ap'pyls, ap'pyls. 

a'pyrn, a pyrn, a'pyrn, apyrn, a' 

ak'\v?-lin, ak'wf-lln, ak'\v?-llne, akAvf-line, a'kwf-IIne 

ar-k^-pel'.j-go, ark-f-p61 ;i-go, ark-f-pfil fi-gS 

ar'jy-us, ar'du-u9, ar'dy-us, ar'dy-us, ar'dyus. 

f-ri'f-tate, ar'?-?-tate. . ... 

5i-rlth'm?n-sf , j-rtth m^n-fff, 

ar'9-ni?-ti/.e, ^-rSm'^-tlze, f-t6'ii\filze 

at'trri-lieiit, ai'trs-hSnt, at'tr?-h«nt, at tr?-h3nt 

9-vantgard, 9-vant'gard, {i-vaiit'gyard, p-vaiitgyUrd, f-vaiiiiggariL 

av-o\v-6', Bv-ow-a' 

ft'zliQre, az'yr, azh'yr, ft'zhyr, ft'zbilre. 

bak-«llde', bak'gllde, bak^IIdc, b5k slide'. 

b»l-ki5'n?, b^-kO'nc, bjl-k^n?, bfl-ka'nf , j '''''*'' "?• 

< baj'k9-iif. 

Sheridan. WaVter. 

^d-v8rtiz-m3nt, jd-v6r'tiz-mgnt, 
ad-v^r tlze 'm?nt, ad-v?r-tlze inftit, 


j ?d-v8r'tjzmint, 
' ad-vfr-tlze'mtnt, 

FuUon 4- Knight. 
fd-vJr tjz mint, 
ad-Vf r-tize mf nt, 


ag'grjn dlze-m?nt, 5g'gT?n-dlze-mfnt \ *g'(n?" <li';e-ni?nt, ) nggr^n-dlze-mTnt, ag'gr?ii-<lIze-m?Dt, «-gran'diz-m«nt 
( fg Rrln'd|7.-munt, ) "" > -tj o , 7 •^ o 



an-9-mor firsts, aii-gi-m9r-Ri8i9, BjD-;-m9r-n!'8J9, an-j-raCrT^Bls 








Fulton $( Knight. Jamu*», 


bj iiU'nf, 


bi> ni'lii*, 

bj na'pf , 

b» nanf. 

b| nt ny 


bill) yin', 

liMM yrui', 

bin nf-911, 

\>i. yln'. 

bfin nyiii', 

b»ii >an' 



bir'r? vr, 


blrtt K 

bir rt tr, 


Hi; A HI), (bcrd) 









bvl ll'lyr, 

b£l l£t't(r, 

b£l lltyr, 

Wll ll'ltr, 

b«l l«tr. 

(l)i'l Icl-ter) 





b<l l<;>i, 






b{r Ijn, 

btr ITn', 


btr lln 



b£N'rlif gil, 

bcs'tf 9I, 

bffl'clif v'l 


b<»lt »1 



bt 8tr6', 

bt BtrQ', 





1 bMu'mtn, 



bl IQ mtn, 





I tK^le'flW&ne, 

be le '■wine. 






' bo'an, 





( bam-hTst, 
( butn-bist'. 

j bym-bilst'', 












( boO'ziim, 
( baz'um. 

j b&6'zum, 









bdom, bame. 


BOWL, (bolo) 





boul, bjile. 




brise l?t. 












BRA /TL', 














IiRin:«'II, (brich) 

brc-£cli, tf 































b&l'yun , 

















1 .eA'IS-SON, 






• ,e--.VIS-SOON', 














ken njl-kole, 
kj-pll l?-r?, 

kip pil-l?-r?. 

kSln 9l-kole, 
kj-pil Ij-rf , 


, kan'^l-kole. 






1 ksi-prees', 
( kip'reCs, 

1 k9-prees'. 




exR'TEL, > 






k?r-tei . 


1 kSch'up, 







j .y, 







k? thSlf-Blzm 



ses ?-t?, 




8e Sf-tf . 





, scl'9 ture. 









eel f-b}-8f . 
, sen ?-tur-f. 











CER t'SE, 

sSr use, 

Be ruse, 

s5 ruse. 

Be ruse. 


















chal is, 




chal is. 

CIIA.M'OIS, (shaitt'e; 

1 elij-mof'. 








sham pine. 



cham pine, 

shim pane. 


kirt, cliirt. 


shap f r-Mn. 

kill, chSirt, 

kart, chart, 

chart, kart. 

kirt, chart. 

CHAS TEX, (chl'sn) 




chise tn. 


chase m. 




( ch?s-tlze'mrnt, 
1 chise tjz-m£nt, 

1 chas tjz-mgnt, 




chase tf-t?, 


chise tf-t?, 

chas tf-t?. 


chas tf-tf . 



I cheer ful, 
i chSr fill. 

j cheerful. 


(Cher ful, 

1 cheer'ful. 



ch?-ru bjk, 



ch?-rii bjk, 




cbi n?, china. 

chl n?, 


chl 119, cba n?. 


1 Sheridan. 




Fulton ^ KnisH. 





. . . 

. . . k^H3ln>-tyr-r 


slilv jl-r?, 






gll3 tf r, 


CHOIR, (quire) 





CLl-MACTER-ie. 1 


eL6UGH, (kluf) 







COM'BAT, kum'bvt, 

COM MENT, V. k8m'm?nt, 

eOM'MlS-SURE, k<?m'mish-are, 

"JOM-Mo'DI-OUS, kpm-mo'dyus, 

;OMPATRIOT, kijm pui'tr?-ut, 

COMPENSATE, k^m-pen'site, 

VJOM'PLOT, komplBt, 

eOM'PoRT, kgm-iwrt', 

COMRADE, kumride, 

eON-FESS'OR, kon'fes-6ur, 

eON'FI-DANT, kon-fv-daJit', 

CONFISCATE,!). k9n-fls kite, 

eON-FR6NT', kpnfrSnt', 

eON'GE, n. , 

eON-NOIS-SEuR', k6-nis-s36r', 

CON-SIST'O-RY, kon'sjs-tur-?, 

CON-SOL' A-TO-RY, kpn-so'la-tur-?, 

CON'STEL-LATK, kpn-stel'late, 

eON'STl-TU-TIVE, k9n-snt'tu-tlv, 

CON'STRUE, kSnstur, 

eON-SULT', n. 


CONSUMMATE, v. k(?n-sutn'm?t, 
eONTEM PLATE, k^n-tSm'plite, 













CREEK, 'krlk) 




1 kSn'vvr-sfiit, 
i k9n-vCr's?iit, 











kwlr js-t^r, 




kluze, klathz, 

klou, kISf, 






I kSg'nf-zjns, I 
I koii'f-z^ns, ! 

j k9in-ino'd?-us, , 
! k9m-ino'j?-i.ia, ! 







( kon'stru, 

( kon', 

( kon'sult, 

( k9n-sult', 

( k9n-tCnt', 
( kSii'tunt, 















koir, kwire, 
chop jn, 

Jones. Fulton ^ Knight. Jameson. 

kIrV-min-sf, klr'9-min-s?, ki'i9-m3Ln-i?, 


kwire, kl? iir, 

kwire, koir, 
ch6p jn, 




k5r (3-t^r, 

krTs-ch?-Sj)'f-tf, kri3-ty?-&n'5-t?, krls't?- 

klar'f-i;iD, klar?-un, kUrf-v 

kliirk, kllrk, kllrk. 

klothz, kISze, klothz, 

klBf, kl5f, 

kll3t?r, glla'tfr, glls'tfr, 


kSb'jIt, kSb'ylt, k5b?lt, 

kuch'f-niiel, koch'jn-5CI, kuch'jn-£5l, 


t kSn'v-zjns, S Wgn^-r-yns, j fegg-n^.^jng 

I -^ » ' j kSn'f-zunB, ) 

kSm'b^t, kum'but, kumliat, 

klolliz, kloze 





I kdk'sw^e, 
I kSk'sn. 




k9m-rao'df-us, k9in-m6'd?-ti3, 







kon f^-diiit, 









'• kSn'stru, 








k9n-f is'kate, 





kon'sult, ) 

k9n-sult', ) 

k9n-sum'mate, k9n-sum'mft, 
k9n-teHi'plate, kon-tem'plate, 





[ k9n-v5r'85int, 









kr8k'9 dll. 




i kSn v^r-siint, 
' k9n-vt;r'sunt, 










k5m'm?nt, kSm'mtnt. 

k9m-mlsh'ure, k9m-nil3 Qre. 

k9m-mo'dyus, k9m-ino'de-us. 






k6n f?s-«ur, 




( kone j?, 

( k9n-jee', 
k9n-s8l ?-tur-f , 







kom rade. 



k9n-f is'kate. 





kon »is-tiir-c. 

k9n-sBl ?-lyr-f 




k9n-sum'mate, k9n-suni'm!ito. 
k9n-ti;m'plate, k9n-tem pUte. 










k8r9l !(ir-f , 







k6n trite. 
k9n-vC nf -flli 
k9n-vfin tf-ki 

[ kBn'vfr-s^nt. 




kBr 9-l?r-f 


kSrc tc i.i« 




1 kll-tnfik-t8r'rjk 
t k9ni-in£n'd9-bl 
i kom'-uf n-d?i-bl 


kSn'tfin-pU-tyr, k9n-t6m'pli-tHr, 

i k9m-mun'd?-bl, 
kon-tein'pla tur, 

k^n turn pla t'.ir, 

Fulton t ICnight. 





eUljr'I'Klt, krupptr, 

eO'CUM-UlCIt, kow kvin-l)tr, 

€UI KASS',(kwem»')ka'rifS, 

€U!SII, (kwlii) 







kuw'kvtii li(r, 

kwj rlU', 


k^ iiu f-rdrm, 

kub biird, 
I Klir9 Hhdri!, 
I Brii9-Bliare, 

krQp |>fr, 

kWu l)K, 

ki; iiu ( HDrm, 
Hill? siird, 
■Iji'9 uitv. 

kuk Miii-btr, 
kwu ryji, 

kup byrd, 
[ iln'9-tilre, 

FuUon ^ Knight. Jamuon. 

ktQp |ifr, 
kow kyni bfr, 
kwf-r&« , 

I iln v-*Ore, 
( irov-aiiie, 

kO kyiii btr 
kw't tin' 

■I n9-«li&re 





d^-Hep lyr-f, 
dv-ku r^ij, 

d^-krC Ijl, 

DECUSSATE, df-kus'site, 

DE-FILE', def V Ic, 

DEMONSTRATE, d? inoii'dtrato, 

DEN'I-GRATE, d?-ni'grate, | 





















dp-pi'l? tur-f , 
df-slk kite, 


di-os Sf-s?ii, 
dis kr$-p{int, 
dis kr?-tiv, 


d5 nji-tlv, 

du TfS, 


Ee-eHYM'O-SIS, ek-kf-mo'sis, 
ECH'I-NUS, t-kinv3, 

E-eLXT', (e-kli') f-kliw', 

EM'PIR-ie, n. 


EN-FEOFF', (ref) 









dv-ko rus, 
j <lv-krc', 
f dek'rv-l?l, 



dv-m^ii'strSite, df-mSn'strSlte, 

dilwnt, dint, 


dt s8p't9-rf , 

> df-kru'lfl, 





df-kru tfl, 




df-kS rva, 





I df-kri'tfl, 
'dCk rt-t?l. 

dt kuit Hale. 


df-m6n'8tr&te, df mSn atrlle 

den'v-grate, ) jgn/^.p-jte, df-nreraie, dt-nl'giile, din'tgrOte. 

df-ni'grate, ) 

d?-pll'?-tur-?, df-pir?-t9-r?, df -pi l^-tyr-f. 

dfrn-yare', dfir'n^-fr, d?rn-ylre', d^m-yiie'. 

df-slk kite, df-sik'kate, dj-slk'klte, d?-slk'kile, df-slk'kite 

df-slne', df-sine', d?-8ine', df-siiie', d?-zine'. 

d5s'ul-tiir-f, dfis'ul-t^-rj, dfis ul-tur-^, des'ijl-tur-f, d6s'ul-tiir-? 

di'fi-miind, di'fimund, dl ;iivnd, J ' '"'"y" > S dl j-raynd. 

( di'mund, ) 

diin'J3-sur-?, dim'is-syr-f , dim js syr-f , dim jB-syr-* 

di-6s'sf-siin, dl-Ss ?-s?n, dI-os3?-sun, di-os't-sjn, dl-Sssf-s^n 

dis-kount', dis-kount', djs-kount', dis-koiint', djs-konnt'. 

dis'kr^-p^ns, dis'kr^-p^ns, dls'kr^-puns, dls'krf-p9n3, dis kr; pjn., 

dis'krf-pant, dis'krf-p^nt, dis krf-pjnt 

dis-krc tiv, djs-krS tiv, djs-krb'tiv. 

dIs p..-t,-bl, I dj3_pii,t,_bl, dis'pu-tj-bl, dlspv-t?.bl, j<iI^Py-l?-bl, 

djs-pu'tj-bl, ) ( djs-pu t?bL 

dis'sil-l?i-bl, dls-sTl I?-bl, dis'sll-lji-bl, dl3-sn']?-bl, di3-sjl'I?W 

d?-ver tiz, d^-vCr'tiz, di-vfr tiz 

dos'f-bl, do's?-bl, dos'sf-bl, d8s'?-bl, d63'?-bl. 

dos'sll, do'sil, dosll, dossil. 

don'9-tlv, don a-tiv, don'j-tiv, don'?-tIv, d5n'9-tI-» 

dri'm?, drim'm?,dru'ra?, dri ni?, dri ina, dfA'm^. 

du r(9, du'r^s, du r^s, du r^s, 

dVms-tf, jdi-njs.,^ dTn'?s-t?, j din ?3-tf , { din'^t» 

din'93-tf, ) ( dl'n?s-t?, J 

dIs pep-sf , dls'p£p-sf , dis'pip-sf 

ek-kf-md'sj9, ek-kl-mS'aii 

f-ki'nii3. .... 



i 5m'p?-rlk, 
' ?m-pir ik, 
I 5n-vf-ronz', 
! ?n-vi'rvn3, 

ed'jkt, £ djkt, 

j ?-lej?-5k, 

; el-f-ji'jk, 
fm-pir jk, 
em-pf-re jn, 


en v?-lope, 
' ?n-vrrunz, 



tm-bri zliure, 
! 6m'p?-rlk, 

5ng-k5re , 
t-nSr vite, 




I 8m pt-rik, 
I fm-pir jk, 
j 6m-p?-re'?n, 
: tm-plr't-?n, 






e djkt. 



I fm-plr jk. 

8m-pc-rS jn, 
I 5n vf-runz, 
' fn-vi runz. 


ffalker. Perry. Jones. FuUon ^ Knight. Jameson. 

d<m'9n-6tra-tyr, | d^ni-mpn-stri tur, | dg„^n-e,tra'tt.r, dgm-mpn-rtrt'tur 

I df-mon stritur, ) 

fk-hlS' sjz-Bn«nt, ?k-klire'3iz-ment, ?-klire'si3-m5n, tk-klire'sja-mSng, f-kllre'siz-ming, fk-kltre'sis-inSiit 


f Kw6t'f, 










E-VAN.GEL'I-€AL, 8-v?n-jeI'?-k?l, 

EX-A-CERB'ATE, 6ks-?-s6r bate, 

EX'EM-PLA-RY, ggz'tm-pl^-?, 

EX-PE'DI-ENT, fks-pe'dzli?nt, 

Sfpd, e'fgd, 
8p'9k, e'p9k, 
Jp'ode, e'pode 




yil-rf-pS'jn, yu-r<?-pe'gin, 



















^ks-pro brate, 

¥ ks-pro brj-tlv 


fk-st£r pate, 

?k-su date, 




Perry. Jones. Fulton ^ Knight. Jameson 

efgd, eP9d, gf^d, Sfpd. 

ep-?-kvi-rS'5in, 6p-?-kv-rS>n, ep-t-kv-T8'»n, 6p-?-ku-re'jn. 

e'p<?k, Sp'pk, epVk, ep'9k. 

fip'ode, 6'pode, ep'ode, fipode, £p'Sde. 

6k'wfr-r?, f-kwSr'?, t-kwSrrf, 6'kw?r-t. 

er'rjnd, gWrynd, 1 f"*""!' | «r'r?nd. 

( ir'rjnd, i 

er'u-dit, gWy-dlte. 

£s'S9-Tst, £s'S9-Ist. 

ya-rv-p5'?n, j y^,,^^^,^^^ 

yu-ro p?-9n, ) 

e-v5in-j€l'?-k?!, e-vjn-jSrf-kjJ, Sv-jn-jSl'f-kjli e-vjn-jSI t-kn 

fks-Ss'fr-bate, igz-^-ser b^te 

fgz-gra'pl?-r?, fgz-^m'plj-rf, Sgz'^m-pljr-?, Sgz'?in-pljr-? 

fks-p5'd¥-?nt, fks-p£'df-?nt, jks-pg'dyfnt, ^ks-p£'df-?nt 



¥k-slk'kate, ?k-sik'kate, f k-slk kate, ^k-eik'kate. 
?k-st6r'pate, t:k-stSr'pate, ek-st6r pate, ek-ster'paie 
^k-su'date, ^ k-su date, fk-eii'date, f k-su date, 

are, are, are, are. 

a'rf, a'r?, a'rf, a'rf. 



fab'rjk, fa'brjk, f ab'rik. 



FACADE', (faft-fiide') f?-sade', 

( fab'rjk, 
( f a brjk. 
. f?-sad'. 













FEOFF, (fef ) 































fore-f a'triur, 


f irt nite, 


frank In sgns, 


fru-think ?r, 




f ur.siim, 






r fare wel, 




f££rful, fgr'fyl, 







f eers, fSrs, 


fore fi'tfuir, 






fr£ tliingk'tr, 


frunt, fr5nt, 
( fr8n'ch££r, 
( fr8nt'y££r, 

f ul 8uin, 



faw kn, 
f aw'kn-iir. 





f£'al-tf , 
f££r'ful, fer ful, 


f££r3, fCrs, 





fr6 tlilnk-fr, 

frf-k\v6nt , 



f Q Zfbl, 

f anfa-ron. 


f ££l t?. 




























ga'i?k 6?, 

j£'la bl, 



gab-?r-d£Cn', g5b'tir-d££n, gab-?r-dC5n', g;ab-»r-dcen', gab-^r-desn' 

gane-sa', gane'sa, gane-sa', ganesa', gane-aa'. 

gai'l?k-fle, ga lak'sf, pal'lak Bf, g&Ilak-sf, gai'ljk-*?. 

JL'I'vbl, JS'lfibl, jel'?-bl, jelj-bl, j£l ?-bl. 

i>ir'C-s\, j«f'fi-gl. ...... 

J8'r9n-dale, jS'r^n-dSIa 

jTr ?-8ole, jS'r(i-Bol, jl rn-85le. ... 

gUsjs, gla-sCBz', gla'sjs, glaaJB, gla sji, Cl?-fl£«z', gla'BJg. 

giad-f-itvr, glad j-a'tyr, giad-?-a'tvr, giadt-aiyr, giad-f-R' 










t:;VM NASTie, 




grin* K, 
gwHV kuin, 
Jjm n!ui tjk, 

ffiU\, g'Xilil, 

gi'inl, p>itii, 
Rri"'* ft. 
griiit lAr', 
gririil nturic, 
gyldc, '^'i 
jliii nls'tjk, 




grin^ rr, 
grliit vr, 
grind iitflnc, 
gwHyj kuin, 

Jjni ii^is'tjk, 



grind Ht'iiiR, 
jliii niH'tjk, 

Fulton 4' Knight Jamutu. 

gold, gocid, 

gUrd, gOrd, 
grin'» rt, 
grind mCne, 
jim-ii&ii tjk, 



grin» rt. 
gr&nt yr. 
grind ctAne 



gi III n Sis' t|lr 



/lALE, r. 

(hap- ur 111 |)eii-nc) 
HAL'LOO, I', i. 





hl'pfn-nf , 




hant, liSiunt, 





HEIGHT, hite, 

HEI'NOUS, hu'nus, 

UEM'I-STien, bsmli'tik, 


HERESIARCH, h?-resy?rk, 

HER'O-INE, hgrv-ln, 

HER'O-ISM, hSr'p-izm, 

EET'E-R0-€LITE, hot-?-r9-klite', 

Hie eouGH, \ , 

HieK'UP, ) 

hal hIiv-i.iii, 
iiUe, hail, 







heb rslzm, 

i h^-ji'r?, 
! hed'j?-r9, 

hue, hate, 

ha' nils, 


h&l Hhf-yn, 









j h?-jl'r?, 

hum is-tlk, 


hlDE-OUS, hid'yus, 

HIEROPHANT, hi"-f-r9-fant', 

HISTORIFY, his-tor?-fI, 

UOM'0-6E-x\Y, h(^mog g?-nf , 

HORIZON, h9-ri'zvn, 

H5'RO-LOGE, ho'rp-loje, 

HaR0L'0-6Y, ho'r(?-l9-j?, 

HOSPI-TAL, awsp?-t:il, 

HOSTLER, (hosier) os'Iur, 

HOL'SE'WIFE, huz'wTf, 

HOUSE'VVIFE-RY, huz'wif-r?, 

HOV'ER, hov'ur, 

HUMiBLE, umbi, 

HU'MOR, yu'mur, 

HUNDRED, hun'durd, 

HUSWIFE, huzzif, 

HT-DRO-PHO'BI-A, hl-dr? fp-bS'?, 

HT-ME-NE'AL, hlm-f-ne'?l, 

HY-ME-Ng'AN, hIm-?-n6'9n, 

U?-POT'E-NUSE, hl-p5t'f-nase, 

HYSSOP, hi sup. 



jlll'kw? ite 


h?-re'zh?-'irk, h?-re'zh? -irk, 
hCrp-in, he'r9-jn, 


( hik'kup, 

i bik k9f, 

I hid'?-us, 

1 hid'j?-us, 



h9-rol 9-j?, 







I hun'dr^d, 
[ liun durd, 





be r9-Izm, 

bet ?-r9-klit, 

I hjk'k9f, 
! hTd'y-us, 

liU ttt-yn, hU abf 9n, bll'iibt-vn 

bile, bile, bill, bile. 

bi'pfn-nf, hipfnnf, bi'pfn-nf. 

h»l IM' 

bf-ring', h?-rinp 

bikkl, biki, bik'kl. 

b^nt, bint, bint. 


bob r?-Izm, h2b'r?-Izra, belirj-Izm. 

beb'rj-Tst, beWrj-Ist, he br^-Ist. 

hHI'r,, bHir?, }I'^;J,''»' 

bite, bite, bite. 

ha'nus, ha'nus, hen^s 
hf-mlb'tik, bf-mlstjk, bf-nils't|k. 
btr-ku'lf-^n, ber-kv-le'^o. 


her'9-In, ber'9-In, her'9-In. 

ber'9-izni, ber'9-Izm, h€r9-Izm. 

het'?r-9-klIte, hel'tr-9-kllte, h6t ?r-9-klIU 

bik'kup, hik'kup, \ ^-^^^^P' 

I blk'k9f. 

bid ?-tis, hid'yus, hld'?-u3. 


I h9-rl zun, 
i hor f-zun, 






huz jf-r?, 


um bl, 

yum ur, 

' hundred, 

huz jf, 

hi-m?-nC jl, 


h9-ri zun, 



hl-p5t'f-nuse, hl-p6t't-nuse, 
blz'zyp, hi sup, bis'sup. 

ig-nl tf-bl, 
i im-bSs'sjl, 
' lm-b?-s55I', 

jllik w?-ile, 


OS lur, 





yu mur, 





hlz zup, 

jg-nl t?-bl, 
jl-ll kwf-lte, 





huz wlf-r? , 






hl-mf-nS ?n, 

bjs-tor f-f I 


h9-rol 9-JT 
buz zjf. 
huz zjf-rf 


buz zjf. 
bi-dr9-f o bf Hb 

hi-p5t'f-nuse, hl-p5t'(-nuse 
his'sup, hi sup, hlz zup. 

jl-la kwf-ite, 
I imb&'sil, 
I Im-bf-sSel', 

ig-ni t?-bl. 



i>heridan. JValker. Perry, 

1 hf-red f-tj-ment, h5r-?-dit'?-ment, her-e-dit'j-mSnt, 

2 heter-9-ge nyus, het-?r-9-j5'nf-us, het-?-ro-je'ne-us, 
sb'ip-^-k^n-dri'jik, hTp-v-k6n'dr?-jk, bip-9-k5n dr^-jk 

Jones, Fulton 4* Knight, Jameson. 

hSr-?-dTt 9-mSnt, ber-?-dlt »-inent, he-red'it-^mSnt. 

hit-if-ro-je'ne-us, hct-?-r9-je nyiis, het?-ro j;; n^-us. 

hIp-9-kon-dr?-?k, bip-9-k5n'drf-jk, hi-po-kon dr?-f k. 



Webster. Sheridan. 

IM-MeDI-ATE, ira-medyjt, 

IM-PIERCE'A-BLE, ira-pgr'sjbl, 

ISI-PORT'ANT, jm-pSLr't?nt, 

IM-PRo'PRI-A-TOa. 2 

IN-CEXD'I-A-RY, In-s6n'dy?r-?, j 

IN-CENS'0-RY, In'sfn-«ur-?, 

IN-eLIN'A-TO-RY, jn klrn?-tur-?, 
IN-eON'DITE, In-k9n-dite', 

IN-eON-VlN'I-ENT. 6 





IN-DIS'PU-TA-BLE, \n dis'pu-tj-bl 

IN-DI-VID'U-AL, Tn-df-vTd u-?l, 

INDOCIBLE, Tn-d5si-bl, 

INDOCILE, in-dos'sjl, 


In f?n-llle, 




























ja-ter p9-la-tur 






i jm-mE'd^-jit, 
' jm-niE'j?-9t, 

i jm-pftr tjnt, 
' jm-p6r tjnt, 


In-sSn df-j-rf, 

Perry. Jones. Fulton If Knight. Jamesen 

■ jm-mS d?-?t, jm-me'df-ft, im-me'dyjt, |m-me df-Ue 

jm-pegr'sj-bl, jm-pSer sj-M 

jm-por't?nt, jm-par'tjnt, jm-pirtjnt, jm-por'tant 

jm-pun , jm-pune', jm-pune', 

Im-pu-i8s?n3, im-pu'ls-suna, tm-pu'js-ejns, 

in-5m-9-ra 19, In-am-9-ra't9, In-im-^-ri 19, 

[ In-sfin'd?-?-rf, In-sen'df-j-r?, In-sJndy^-r?, 

Iii'sfn-eur-?, In's?na-vr-f, 


Iinpu j3 s^na 
In !lm-9 rJL'19. 



in'k9n-dite, in-kon'dit, 

IB-BE-FOT'A-BLE, Xr-r?-fu'tj-bl, 

( in-d?-k6 rus, 
/ In-dek'9-ru3, 
j in-dls'pu-t9-bl, 
( In-dis-pu'lj-bl, 
( In-df-vid'jii-?l, 
( In-d^-vid u-fl, 



in-je nf-us, 
( Inri-bCul', 
j jn-Im f-kal, 
( In-?-niI k.jl, 
( jn-sld ?-us, 
( jn-sid'jf-us, 
jn-tSr kfi-late, 


I tn'tfr-stis, 
( in-ter'slj3, 

( in-vld'?-u3, 
( in-vid'j?-us, 

1 jr-rfiPfrai-g^-bl, 
( Ir-r?-fr5g'?-bl, 
I lr-r?-f u'l? bl, 
I jr-rC'fy-tfi-bl, 












■ in-Im'?-k?l, 

■ jn-sTd'?-ug, 

jn-ter k?-l?-r?) 


• Tn'tfr-stis, 

■ jn-vid'f-ijs, 

Ir-rf-f u't?-bl, 

jn-kon'dite, jn-kon'dlte, In k9n-dlie. 

In-dgk'9-ru3, i in-d«k'9-n..3, j ^.j kg,,^^ 
/ In-df-ko'rus, ) 

■ in-dis'py-tj-bl, in-dis'pv-tj-bl, In-dls'pu-t?-bl. 

In-d?-vld'iji-?l, In-df-vld'u-jl, In-d?-vld'y-sil. 

In-dos's?-bl, In-d5s'?-bl, 

In-dSs'sjl, In-dosjl, 

In'fun-tile, In'fjn-tlle, 

in-j£'nf-us, Xn-je'nyiis, 

?n-grane', fn-grine', 

jn-gre d?-?nt, jn-gre dy?nt, 

! In-habll, In-li5b11. 





In'su-l?r, In'shu-ljr, 

In-tfr-kil'j-rf, lii-t?rkJil'?-rt, 








jn-ter' p9-lite, 




jr-r5sh un-jl, 



Tn-f 6k und. 
jn-grc'd?-f nt 



jn-tcr k^l-^-r? 


jn-ter p9-la-tvr 






jr-rfify-tj-bl, Ir-rt-fa'i»-bl 



j61 l.ip, 






j^ VIS 
ju nf-ur, 


J5J lup, 


jQ'nf -iir, 

jil Ivp. 
ja'nf iir. 

1 jmprCk'j-tyr-f, 

* Im-pr6-prf-a'tur, 


* 1n-k9m-md'dyu3, 

5ln fks pE'dy?nt, 

In tfi l6k'ku-tur, 

Im-prci pr^- i', 
I In-kpm-niCii'aby- 
I r?-bl, 

( In-k9tiiin6'd?, 
( Iii-koin-m5'j?, 
Tn-k9ii-vC'iK ?nt, 
In ?ks-p("'(lv fnt, 
1 In ti,r-15k', 
( In-tvr l9-ku'tvr, 


I In-k9m-inun'shu- 

i r? bl, 

> In-k9m-m5'df-us, 

Tn vt P^-'df-fnt, 

J Tn-tvr-16k'ii-tfT, 

Jones. Fulton \ Knight. Jameson. 

Tm'prt-kj-t'.T-t. Ttn'prt kj-tyr-f , Im'pr? kfi-tur-f 

Im-pro-prf-a'tiir, Im-pro pr?-a'tiir, Im-prO-prf-1'liir 

I In-k9m-m£n'ahi.i- ) Tn-kpm-minshu- 1 In-k9rn-mi:'n sii- 1 

i r? bl, i r? bl, i r? bl. \ 

In-kpm-ma', In-k9m-mS'dyys, In-k9m-m9'df-va. 


In-?x pe'dy?nt, 

In-ttr-16k u-tur, 

In ?ks-pe'df-tnt. 








I nSI'ljdzh, 



I iiAI'IfdJe, 
' liAlfdJo, 

I kSCI'H^ii, 

' k|-:l'MVII, 

{ nOl Itdjc, 

Jonti. Fulton ^ Kninht. Jamtien. 
kCldyn, kCI'ivn, keel syn- 

kyliid, kyind, kind. 

i.61'l,dje, I "*'_''^' ( n6I I»dje. 

LA'CONISM, l&k'kp iiT/.iii, ITik'kp iil/.m, llk'i? nl/.tii, l^k'k? nl/.in, lik'9 nlzm, llk'k? nl/.nk 

L^L'D'A-NUM, 18d'{»-iiuiii, I5d 9-nuni, llw'd; iiiini, l&d'df nOin, I6d 9 riQin, I6d'd.f riQiti. 

Li\l; IlKL, IBr'rjl, IBr'rjl, llw'rti, Idrrjl, lOr'tl, I6rrtl. 

LX'VA, U'vi), I4'v». 

LEAP, Wp, lecp, icup, iccp, icfp, leep. 

LCASIl, lC2a, ICush, lucsli, ICvHh, le&ah, ICeHb. 

I.E GA'TOR, 1«B g? I6r', leg g» lAr', If ga'1'.ir, l«g g? iSr* 

LEGEND, le'jfiid, lC'j?nd, IC'jvnd, IC'jtnd, l«jtnd, IC'jtnd. 

LEG'CN-nA-RY, I6d'jtti d?-r?, ISj'tndj r?, Ujtn d»-r». 

LEG'IS-LA I'lVE, Uj'js-Il-lTv, led'jjs-ll tlv, lej js-la-llv, l«d'jis-la-tlv, l«J'i»-U-av, leji» li llv. 

LE6lSLA'l'OK, Itj'is-ll, led'jjs-li tur, IJj-js-li'lur, ICd jjs li, l«j'J8-ll-tvr, Ujia-li-lur. 

LEGIS-LAT'URE, Igj'js li chijir, lEd'jjs li-chure, Icj-js li'tur, ISd jjs li-lurc, l«j js-li-lur, l« jj»-lile-ygfc 

LEISURE, ICzhur, Ic'zliure, Ic'zlmr, 15'ztiGr, le'zhur, IC'zhur. 

LEP'O-RINE, lu'pprine, lep'p?-rlne, lepij-rln, l£p'p9-rlne, ICp'^rine, Ifip-p^-rlne. 

LEST, ICst, ICGst, ICst, IGust, lest, Ust,, ISst. 

LEVER, lE'vyr, Ic'v^r, le vpr, le'vur, le'v^r, Ifi'v^r. 

LI-CEN'TFATE, n li seii'slift, II sen'shv-ite, ll-sgnshf-^t, lI-B6n'8ht-?t, Il-8en'shf-«e, II-8«n'ght-lUi 

LIE, or LYE, 16, li, 15, II, II. 

LIEO-TEN'ANT, llf-lcn'n?nt, 16v-ten'n?nt, llv-tcn'^nt, llv-Wn'nunt, 1 '"v-'^"'?"'. I lu-Un'jnt. 

( lu iGn'jnt, ) 

LOATH, or LOTH, loth, loth, loth, loth, loth, 13lh. 

LQQK, luk, 18ftk, luk, IGk, 160k, lAok. 

LUS'TRING, lute'strtng, lus string, lus'trjng, lustring, liis'lrlng 

MALL, (mawl) 


























mi kr9-kozm, 









mit trf-side, 






i m?-dl3'jn-?I, 
! mfid-f-si'n?l, 





1 m¥-m8Ir', 
f m8 mwSir, 


ME-RID'I-AN, mt-rldzh'vn, I 








min'chu -?, 







rait tr?-side, 

( mit r9-n?l, 

( mj-tro'njl, 

med-f-8i nal, 
mod df-sin, 

mSn shii-r9-bl, 
mesh sh&drz, 

met tjl -line. 



( m?m-mll'9-r?, 
( miminjl-a-r?, 




mj-the sjs, 





m?-tu r?-tlv, 





[ m?-dls'f-n?il, 

mf-dul 19-rf , 

I m(-l5'df-^, 

mf-n'i zly?-rt, 

j mf-rld ?-?n, 
[ mSs'sSJrz, 

ma'kr9-k8zm, mikr9-k5zm, raik'r9-k8zm. 

mile-k9n-tent', mile-k9n-tent', mil-k9ii-t£nt' 

m^ll, mil, mill, m£l. 

1 mimmjl-lj-r?, mim'jl-lar-r?, mim nijl-l?-rf 









mir-?-nilh ?, 






miwn df r, 
mi tir, 
i nK-dls'f-njl, 
! mgd-f-8i'n?l, 



mi trun, 
I mit'r9-n?l, 
( mMro n?l, 

mit u-r^-tlv, 



miis jl-ljr-r?, 


I mf-dls'f-n?l, j 

mf -15 df-us, 



j mf-mwir*, 
! mim w&r. 






mj-riw d?r 



mir m9t. 

I m?-the sj8, 

[ mitb'f-sl9. 

mit trt side 


j mi tr9-n^. 

min d^r. 
maks'jl lar-f. 



med df-slo 


me lf-9-rite 


mem vvlr. 
men su-rj-bl. 
mer'kan til. 

m?-rld'9-un, mt-rld'yan, mf-rld'?-an. 

mSsb-sboorz', m&h'urr, mSsh'shSSrz. 

mSt'tul-line, mSt'?I-lIn, 

( me-til'llne, 
' met $l-line 






















m£-tyur, j 

mi 9zm, 
ml cliur, 
i min'nit, 
' miii'nute, 







m5n'n5LS-t?r-r?, i mSn'nj-str?, 
( m5n'n?s-t?r-?, 

ml, mf , mi, mS 








mid'wlf Tf, 












I raf-tSn'f-mf , 

mf-tiU'i/r If, 

m2t-89-tIn t9, 

Fulton tc Knl, 





mi kr9-skope, 





1 mts'cbf-vus, 
I mis-ch££v'98, 



' mSn'^d, 

mich ur, 


mi-kr6g r?i-ft, 







' mis'cbf-vvs, 



mSn'9S-tfr-f , mSn'nji-etr?, 






min j-tyr-?, 







rAf. Jameson 
me t?-ur 

I m?-i6n f-m?. 
( m6l'9-nTm-f 

m6t-z9-lin t^ 


mi kreg'rj-fs 
mi iij-tyr-?. 
min ?-ture. 

mi m?, 



I mon'?s-tre, 
! m5n Vs-t?r-f , 

mS, mi, 


m6b bl. 

I mSn'^s-tff f . 


NATION-AL, n5sh'un-ul, 

NATiU-RAL, natchur-?!, 

NATURE, na'chi;ir, 

NE'ER, nesr, 

NE-Go'TIA-TOR, nf-g9-sha'tur, 

NEP'O-TISM, ne'p9-tizm, 

NONE, niSn, 

NOOSE, (nooz) nfidz, 

NOT'A-BLE, not't?-bl, 







n?-g6'shf-atur, nf-go'sh?-a-ttir 
nep'9-tizm, n5'p9-tizm, 


I no'tgi-bl, 
I not'jibl, 





no t?-bl, 








nep'9-llzm, n5p'9-tlzm. 


i no tPi-bl, 
! not si-bl, 











nuth jng. 















I 9P-pug'n?r, 




1 Sb'ju-rate, ) 

I 9b-dii'r5te, ) 









6'd?-vs, o', 











Bb l?-g5L-t9-r?, 

9-bl££dje , 


9b-I££k', 9b-like',9b-l£Gk', 

bb's9-Iet, 8b's9-l£te, 


5'df-u9, 6'd?-uB, 
ale'yjd, f-il'f-jd, 
PP'thtiJ'mik, 9p-th&l'mik, 
9-pIn-t-a trf. 


j 8b'du-rate, 
1 9b-du rate, 



8b l? , 
1 9-blidje , 
' 9-bl££dje', 



I 5p't?i-nv, 
' 9p-ta'tiv, 


I «r'd?-?l, 
' 6r'jf-?l, 





f Br'd?-?!, 
I 8r'd?-n?-rf , 



9-b£ d^-^ns 



I 9-blIdje.' 

Bb'so lete. 
Bk t9-Jt-n>-B» 





j Ar'd;-nj-rf, 
I Ard'n^-rf, 

5p't?-tlT, 8p't(i-tlv. 

9-r4wn'zhtr-t, 8r'?in-Jtr-?. 

dr'do-fl, Br'df-^l. 


8r'dt-nf r? 

Sheridan. Walker. Perry. .Tones. Fulton 4* Knight. Jameson. 

Dj-m^nklii'cl.yr, n9m-fn-kl«'chura, no-rafn-kll'ture, n3-mfn-kli tilre, nom-jn-kla'tur, nS-m^n-klite jr^ 






Perry. Jonei. Fulttm 4* Knight. Jameten. 

Ar'llic t I'V, 5rUi9tp?, Or tli^t pt, } «' ^'''''t M. j 6r'llip-t-i»t. 

I Ar'tli9-t-pf, » 
ftyln', 6 yen', 6y««', O'yl- 

PAC-IK I CATOll, pipi-Hinf-ki tyr, p5»Hijf fT-kl'lyr, p5«-f-ff ki'lvr p»-«If't kl lyl 

rA'CEANT, pidzli'viil, pa<, pi'Jjnt, paa'Jvnt, pSJ'jrit, 1 Pi'J»»"l| 

I pid'jtnt. 

rA'clKANT-RV, pidzliTii Ir?, pad jyii trf, p5j'»nt-r?, pid'jvn tr?, pSj'jnt-rt, I pa'Jv-»n-trt, 

I pid'Jfti trf. 
I'AN IvCYR'ie, p&n-nf dzt-r'rjk, pSn nt jfr'rjk, pin t jtr'jk, pin t-JIrjk, p5n-»JIr'ik, pln-tJC-rik. 

I'AT'II^LA-UY, pi^-piripr 7, pSp'il l-iry, pj-pll'lj-rv, pSp'pil-9-rt, pip'jt l^r-f, p&p'pjl-y-rf. 

I'AP'IL-LOIJS, pj pll'lys, p?, pj-pll'lys, Pf-pll'IV*. 

I'A-llAIi'O-CilSM pSr'r5i-l9-d/,lilzm,i)vir-riU'9 jizm, p^-r&l'QJIzm, pjr-ril'? jizm, pjr-51'v JIzm, p^r-&]'?-jIzm. 

I'AST'Y, I P&s t(, pSs'tt, p3^'tc, pSa't?) pSs'tt, pSa't?. 

PAT'ENT, pat'tnt, j pai'?>'t, | pSffnt, pil'tfnt, pit'tnt, } Pi''»"». 

( pi'tvnt, ) ( pS tfiit. 

PATRIOT, pl'tryyt, pa'tr^rvt, pa'trf-yt, pi'trt-yt, pa'trf-yt, pi'lTt-ut 

PATRON, pa'trun, pi'truii, pa'tryn, pa'tryn, pl'tryn, patryn. 

PAT'RO-NAL, p^-tro'ii^l, pSfrp-njl, pat'ryn-^l, pat'r^-nyl, pat'rp-n^, p^-tru njl. 

PAT'RON-i;t>S, pit'trp njs, pi'truii-fs, pa'tryn-?s, pa'tryn-?8, pl'tryn-^s, pa'tryn-f«. 

PAUNCH, puwncli, paiish, pinsh, pinch, p'lnsh, panah. 

PE-COL'IAR, pt-ku'lytr, p9-ku'I?-ur, p?-ku'I?-ur, pe-ku'l?-yr, pf-kQ'ly?r, p9-ku'l?-tr. 

PE-CON'IA-RY, pt-ka'iiy?r-?. pf-ku'rif-yr-?, p?-ku'nt-5i-rf, p?-ku'nf-?r-f, pf-ku'ny?r-f, p?-kQ'nt-»-r? 

PED'ALS, pS'd?l3, jpe<l'<l?l9, jpc'djlz, ped'dyls, pgd'jlz, i ?«'<>»"■■. 

( pe'd^ls, ) ( p^d'd^lz. 

PE-DO-BAP'TISM, pe-d^-bap'tizm, pSd-dp-bap''tIzm p«-d9-bapllzni. 

PEN'NY-W6RTH, pCn'nf-wQrth, j P5n'nf-wurll., | pg„,n^.warth, | P^n'nt-warth, p^n'n?.wDrtb, { pj„,n^.^iirtl» 

( pun'nurlh, ) ( pen'nyrth, pSn nurth, ) 

PEN'TE-eOST, pen't?-koste, pun t?-k6ste, pen'tf-kSst, p£n't?-ko8te, pen tf-kSste, pen'tt-kaet. 

PER-DO'RA-BLE, p«r'da-rsi bl, per'du-r?-bl, p«r'du-r?-bl, pgrdy-rj-bl. 

PER'EMP-TO-Ry, per'r?m-tur-f, j P^rT^m-tur-f , pfr-erap'tp-r?, | pgr/r^m-tyr-?, pgr'tm-tnr-?, i P«^tmp-tMr-f, 

( ptr-rem't9-r?, per'fmp-tp-r?, ) ' ( p?r-€m't9-rt 

PER'FECT, V. pCr'fjkt, per'f?kt, per'ffkt, pgr'ffkt, p£r'f?kt, i P^fft^t, 

( p?r-f £kt' 

PER-FOME', pgr'fume, per'fume, \ P^f-fu^^'j j pgr'f ume, p«r f uine, per'f ume 

( per'fume, ) 

PER-FUNe'TO-RY, per'fynk-lur-f, p^r-f unk'tur-?, pfr-f unk't9-rf, p?r-f unk'tyr-?, pfr-f unk tur-? 

PER-MIT', per'niit, per'mjt, p?r-mit', permit, per mjt, p?r-mTt'. 

PER'SPI-RA-BLE, p^r-spl'r^bl, p^r-splrji-bl, p?r-spl'rsi-bl, p^r-spl'rj-bl, pft-spi r?-bl, pf r-epi r^-bl. 

PER'SPI-RA-TIVE, p?r-spi'r?-tiv, p?r-spl'rj-tiv, per-spl'r^-tjv, p?r-spl r?-tiv, p^r-spi rj-t^r 

PER'TUR-BATE, pfr-tlrbate, p?r-tur'bate, p?r-tur'bate, pfr-tur'bate, p?r-tur'bate, p?r-tur'bate 
PE'TAXi, p£t'jl, pe'tjl, pet'jl, pet'?il, pe'tul, pet'ul, pet'fil, petjl, pe tjl 

PHALANX, fa'ljnks, j f^'l^nks, fai'jinks, fa'ljnka, faljnks, i f a i,„kg, 

( fai'^nks, fa'ljnks, fai'^nks, f&l'^nks, ) 

PIIAR-MA-CED'Tie, f ar-m?-ku'tik, far-m?-su'tik, f ir-mj-sa tjk 

PniLO-MEL, fll'9-mel, f il 9-mel, fil'9-mel, f 11 9-mgl, fll 9-mel, f I l9-mSl. 

PHLEG-MAT'ie, fleg'mji-tlk, fleg'm?-tik, fleg mat jk, fleg'm?-tik, flfg-raat jk, flSg mj-ttt 

PHLO-6lS'TON, fl9-gis't9n, \ A'-J'^Wn, fl9-jis'tun, fl9-jls't9n, fl9-ji3 t9n, fl9-jls 1911, 

( fl9-gTs't9n, flo-gis'tun, fl9-gis ton, fl9-gl3 t9n, fl9-gls't9n. 

PURE-NET'ie, fren'?-tTk, fr?-net'ik, frf-netjk, fr?-net jk, frf-net jk, frf-net jk. 

PHYS-I-OG'NO-MY, fTz-?-8g'n9-m9 f Izh-f-og'ny-me, flz-e-«g'n9-ine, f Iz-e-5g'n9-mf , tU-fZe<n(}-mt,\^^'^'^^'"'^'"* 

t f iz-t-Jn 9-m{ 

PHYS-I-OL'O^SY, f Iz-?-31 9-j?, fizh-?-81'9-Jf, fiz-f-<51'9-j?. fiz-?-i51'9-j?, flz-t-iSl 9-J?, nz-?-51 9-jf 

PIERCE, pers, peers, pers, peers, peers, pcrs, peers, p6rs, peers. 

PLA'CA-BLE, plakfibl, pla'k?-bl, plak'j-bl, pla k?-bl, pla k?-bl, pla k?-bl. 

PLA'6IA-RY, pla'dzbff-f, pla'jj-r?, pla'je-?-re, pla'dJt-9-r?i plij?-*'-?) p'a'j?-?-rf. 

PLA-TI'NA, piat'f-n?, plat f-n?. 

PLA'TO-NIST, plat 9-nIst, pl5t'9 nist, pla t9nist 

PLE'IADS, (pl5'yadz)pli'?dz, pie yjdz, ple'yjdz, ple'^dz, pie y^dz, piayjdz. 

PLE'NA-RY, plgnn^r-?, j P'en j-rf, I pign'^-r?, plen'?-r?, plen'j-r?, pie n?-r?. 

( ple'n?-rf, ) 

PLEN'TE-OUS, pl6n'chu9, plfin clif-us, plSn'tf-us, pUn tf-ys, plgn'tyys, plen tf-us. 

PLICA-TURE;, plrkj-chSor, pllk'j-chure, pli k^-tuie, plik ?-ture. 


' * ' I pwSe'nynt, pft^'n^nt, pAf 'n?nt, pw6f 'njnt, pwftf'njnt, p4f njnt. 

(poinant) ) • . 

POL'Y-TliE-lSM, p81-l?-tlie'Izm, pei'I?-tht-lzm, pSl-l^-thSTzm, p51 If-thf-Izra, p51 t-th?-Izin, pJSl lf-th?-IziB 

POS-SESS', puz-zes', poz-zSs', p9Z-z6s', p9Z-zSs', p9Z-z69', p9Z-z& . 

POS-SESS'0-RY, poz z?s-9iir-?, p8z'z?s-8ur-?, p6z zts-S9-r?, p9Z-z6s'8ur-?, p6z zf»-sur-?, p5z ZfS-«ur-t. 

POST HU-MOITS, post'hu-mus, posthy-mus, p5st hivnius, pSst hy-mus, p8st hu-mus, pSst'bu-mys 

""" .' "' ! pos-tTl lyun, pos-til'yun, pos-tll vim, pos4il'yun, pos-tH yun, pos-tn'yon 

(I>OS-tll yun) ) rj., ,.., rj.7 vr- 

POTII'ER, piSth er, pQth'er, puth ?r, pfltftfr, pOth ? r, pStfi'fr 

POUR p66'yr, pour, pifir pWr, p^, pore, powr, pore. 





pre fvk-chur, 
prel l?s-?, 
prel l?t, 
prel lude, 




PRI-MORDI-AL, prt-mSr'dzhfl, 






prol lug, 



(pro-pis-e-i'shun) ) 
PRO TEST, 11. 


Walker. Perry. Jones. Fulltra t( Knight . Jameson. 

pref f?k-ture, pr?-fek ture, prSf f? k-tOre, prer?k-ture, pr5 fvktuie 
prel'lj-s?, pr61'?-s?, pr£l Ij-s?, prel^-Sf , prel l?-s^ 

prel lat, prel'al, prel Ift, prel jt, prSI Ijt. 

prel ude, prelude, prelude, prel ude, prSI ude. 

preiiie y?r, pre m?-fr, prfim y?r, pre my^r, prime-yer. 

prem muiil-rf , prem u-ni-r? , prfim mu-ni-r?, prem u-nl-r;, prem my nl rt> 

prgs'sadje, pres'aje, j prSs sadje, pres 5je. Uris'a}.--. 

I pre sidje, pr¥-8ije', ) 

pre'sli¥-?ns, prcsh'^ns, pre she-^ns, pre slu^-tns, pre'sbf-f lu 

pre-tgkst', prj-tekst', \ P'"?"'*-'"''' \ pr?-teksl', pr?-U;kst' 

I pre t?kst, ) 

I pri-mftr'd?-?!, j prx-mSr d?-?I, prl-in6rd?-ul, prlm6r df-^l, prl-mSr d?-?l. 
I prl-mor j?-?l, ) 

(prlv9-s?, |prrv,.sf, ! P^'v? s?, pri v»-g?, | pn vj-s? 

( priv'j-s?, ) ( prlv'?i-s?, priv j-s?, ) 

priv'51-tlv, pri'v9-tiv, priv'j-tiv, priv'j-tiv, prlv'v?-nv. 

prSb'?-tur-v, pro'b5i-t9-r?, prSb ? tur-?. 

pr^-sSedz , pro seedz. 

prok'y-r?-s?, prSk u-r?-s?, prOku-rj-sf. 

proTil, pr9-feel', prij-fe5l', prp-feel', pr9-feel', prS'fecl. 

pr5g'gr?s, prSg'rfs, pr5g gr^s, prog rvs, pro'gr?s. 

prp-IIka', prp-llks', pr9-IIks', pr9-IIks', pr9-IIks'. 

pr6l-9-ku'tiir, pr6-l9-ku tur, pr9-l6k'kij-tur, pr9-l8k'u-tur, pro-19-ku tur. 

prSI'l9g, prSl'9g, proM9g, pr51'9g) pro '9g' 

prom-ul-ga tur, J P'"""""' g^'Vf) ( prSm-ul-ga tyr, prSm-ul-g&'ti^, pr5-inul-ga t?r. 

( pr9-inul ga-tur, ) 

PRO-VOST', (pro-vo) 

PTIS'AN, (tiz'an) 




pr98-s6 dy?n, 






prou js, 


pu js-sfns, 

pig-me ?n, 


PST'RO-MAN-CY, pl'r9-inin-8?, 
PYR'O-TEeH-NY, pl'rv-t6k-nf, 


pr9-tfst', pr5t'?st 

prSv'vust, \ 

pr9-v6', i 

pr5v vyst-slilp, 

prou, pro, 

prou'?s, pro'js, 


I pu js-s^ns, I 

' puis ssins, 

pu mj9, pum'mjs. 

pus chule, 

put, put, 

pig-me iiin, 
I pf-rrt¥Z, 
( pir'?-tfz, 

pIr'9-m5n-Bf, • 











plr f-tez, 

p?-ri t?z, 




pnjso de-un, pr9-s6 dy?n. 

pro t?st, 

i pr9-v6', 
' pravvyst. 




pu js-s^ns, 






■ pf-rl'tfz, 

' pIr'9-inin-Sf, 



prvs-o dv-?n 
pro 'J-8JS. 








pjg m«'?n. 



aUXI.M, (qulm) 
aUAY, (ke) 






kwiii t?-tf, 








I kwln'tfs-sfns, ) 
! kwln-tes Sfus, i 


kwSlh, kwoth, 

kw9-tld jv-?n, 


kwun t?-t?, 



koth, kCth, 
k9-tld ?-?n, 

kwon tf-l?, 









kw9 tTd'yjn, 

kwBlf fr. 






kw9-t'id f ?n 



' rl'jf-jnt. 




rl df-jiit 

Sheridan. Walker. Perry. Jones. Fulton ^ A'mVA/. Jameson. 

I pr9-nim sha'shnn, pnj-nQn shc-a'shyn, prp-nun-Sf a'shim, pr9-n!in sf-S shyn, pr9-niSn-§li(:-a'phiin, pr9-nun shf-a shvn 

J prC-p?-9hi'sliiin, pr9 pIshf-a'shMn, pr9-pTsh-?-a'8hvn, pr9 -plKh-f-asbyn, pr9-plsh-f-asbvn, prv-plsh-f-asbyn 

prj-plah'f-tvr-e pry-plab't-j-tyr-f, pr9 pIsb't-?-tur-?, pry-plsbf-f-r/r-?. t»r9-pl3b'f-f tur t, pr9-plsh ^-j-tyrf. 








Fittton 4r Knigli, 

(. Jameton. 



1 ra'Jc atn, 

1 rl'dT-llf, 



r&'dv au 



j rarlv vi, 
( ri'Jt yn, 

1 ra'df vN, 






ral'lfr t, 

rai'ltr t, 









razn, rtzn. 




J rir'f-tc, 
( ri r^ lv> 

j rir-v-tT, 


1 rlrt tT, 
' rir t-lt, 


11 ASK, 


rl/.<!, rlHo, 



rOze, rSM, 



r&a'bf r f , 

ris li<.r-9, 






1 rlU-»-fiS'», 

( r5t-»-f C , 

1 riil-»-re'j. 



r6l-»-f £ » 

RATH i;r, 


ritfi'vr, ri'tlivfi 

, ralfi'vr. 











raah v»'fl- 


1 rj-sCp't? kl. 

rfs Bf p-t^-kl, 





( rcB'spp-tfi-kl, 
( rf-sup't^-kl, 






rSs'Bfp-tyr-f , 



Ui:ct)UMZANCE. 8 







r£k'k9g nize. 











( r£k 9n-dite, 
1 r?-k6n'dlt, 

1 i«k'k9n-due 



rek'prd, r?-k6r(] 

1', rek'nrd. 

rek'grd, r?-klrd 

', r«k'9rd,rf-k6rd 

', rgk'ord. 



( rf-ku'z^nt, 
( rek'ky-z^nt, 

I r?-ku'z?int, 


I rt-ku'z?nt, 
I rek'ki^-z^nt, 

1 rf-ka zf nt 



j r?-fek'tur-f, 
( rer?k-tur-¥, 

1 r?-f ek't9-r?. 





ref fr9-g? bl, 


i r?-frag'?-bl, 
f rerr?-g?-bl, 















r?-ine df-?-bI, 







j r6m'e-d?-l&, 
1 r? -infed ?-lf a. 

1 Tim'mf-dfAlu 



( r?-m6rs', 
( r?-morse'. 


> r¥-ra4rs', 
































rf-zTI f-cns 








RETAIL, t;. 







r?-tale . 

Retail, n. 






r£ tale. 



( ret'f-nu, 
i r?-tin'nu, 

1 r5t'?-nu, 

( rSt'f-nu, 
i r?-tin'nu, 

ret t-nu, 

rSt ?-na, 






I rf-trlb ute, 
I ret'rf-bute. 

1 r?-trlb'ate 


( rSv'f-niJ, 
I rf-v5n'u. 


j rev'?-nu. 

( r6v'e-nu, 
( rf-vfin nu, 






( rev'f-r?, 
( rev-f-iS', 

1 rSv'f-r? , 

r€v ?r-?. 




j r?-voU', 
( rf-vSlt', 

1 r?-v81t', 













( rl'chvs. 





rl tf-u3. 



















rSk t-16. 







ro zhyjte, 




rout, root, 




rout, root. 







ruf y?n. 

Sheridan. ff'alker. Perry. Jones. Fulton ^ JTniVAf. Jameson. 

I r?-6li8-8f-na'8hun, rii8h-?-8«-e-na'shun, r&sh-f-Ss-^-ni shun, rlah-e-88-^-na'shun, rfch-t-as-f-nashnn, r5-shf-«8-f-na'slian 

I rB-k9g nlsh'un, rSk-kgg-nlsli'un, re-k9g-nlsh'un, rJk-k9g-nl9h'un, rek^ig-nUh'un, rek-kog-nish un. 

3 re-kSn'e-z^ing, rf-kBginf-zjins, r?-kBn'f-z9n«, r?-k5g'3?-zuns, rt-kog'n?-z?n8, t re- g n?-z?ns, 

' .rrv, T r, j re-koii'f-zans. 

♦ rt-nun-sha', rv-niSn-8h?-a'shun, r?-nun-shf-a'shun, r?-nun-«fa'sliun, rf-nun^ih? a shun, rf-nur-flbf-ashvai 












8 A -LINE', 






SALVE, (say) 











sa turn, 


sa tfr. 

SAUNTER, (baivicr) BSLwn't^r, 
SAU'SAGE, sSs'sIdzh, 







scr-oM'A-eH\ , 






SE-aUES-TRA'TOR, sSk'wjs-tra-tur, 
SER-PI'GO, s?r-pl'g9, ! 




SHAM'OIS, (e) 
































81 r?n, 



slob bur, 












spike njrd, 
skvvfr rjl, 



sa l?-¥nt, 
8?-lIne', saline, 

j sai'?-vjl, 

I sj-li'v^l, 
Baff jr, 

1 satur, sat'ur, ) 

! sa'tire, sat'iie, ) 
sa'turn, Sat urn, 
sa'tur, salur, 
s'in'tur, siwn'tur 
siw'sldje, j 

saa'sldje, I 


' sk€d jule, 
sfr-pl'g(?, ) 

s?r-pe'g9, ) 


saf furn, 
sad jf-t}l, 
sa l;-?nt, 










FuUm l[ Knight. Jameson 

B^-ba 9tb, 
ear fyxD, 







sa lytnt, 








8k£d'ule, I 

sed'ule, I 












B&b ?-&(h. 
sad jf -t{il. 
sa'U-f nu 



saiv, Blr. 
Bar fir. 





( sk£d'ule, 
( BbSd ule. 















slab'bur, slSb'bur 









souse, s33, 

j sutfr? r-1?, j 

I soutfi'fr-If , ) 
I soutfi'iirn, ) 

I sQth i;rn, ) 

I southward, ) 
I suth urd, ) 


spgr-m^-sC t?, 



j stl-pBn'df-ri-r?, j 
( stI-pSn'jt-j-r?, i 



so'jurn, S9-jum' 


sdd shSng', 








stra, strd, 


, so'jurn, 


B£k-w?s-tra'tur, se'kwfs-tra-tijr 





shire, shere, 











891 dfr, 








spfir-mj-slt t?, 





Btflr'rvp, • 

j south'? m, 
' sulfi'f rn, 
( south wvrd, 
I suth v>rd, 

span yfl, 
spCr Miij-su tf, 
.iplr'? kl, 
skwfr r^l. 






















) Bouth'fm, 
i BQtb'rm. 

I soutb'wfnl. 

ipi-r-nm-sa If 

Btl-p<n'df '9-rt 


Shrn<1an Walker. 

1 8tk»-a''rJi'fD-§r-f , 8f ka-ad'jf n-?r-f , 




Pulton If Knight. .Jameson. 

Bcks-aj'f-n^-f, Bfk8-ad'jfn-|r-f. 











Byb Hld'yTf-c, 

■Qb'Bvl Ivr f , 



SUG-6EST', ■vd-dzli«9t', 

SOITE, iweet, 

BO'PER-FINE, shaa ptr f ine', 

SURPLUS' A6E, gQrplv«-tdzli, 

SURVeY, n. Burvs, 

BVVORD, »ard, 



{ ma df i/i, 
( Kta jf-vi*! 

■&b'iil tilm, 
I Hyb Nid f 9 re, 
( H<fh Hld'J9 .> ff , 

Hub'Hi,il lyr f, 

■ Qb'tll, 

■ab'tU I/.C, 

1 Ruk'sci DVi 
1 Byk-Hvs'ur, 




! BlQ'Uf-v*. 

■Qb'»l tern, 

I Bvb-«Id'f-9-rf , 

■i/b ii!irt9-rf , 
Babtll, But'tl, 
( Bat'tl-I7.c, 
( Bub'lII I/.r, 

[ Htfk-aia'ifr, 





Byb Bldf-v-rc, 


Fulton 4* Knight, jamttm 
■ta'dt V't Bia'df-vi 







su-p^r f Inc', Bu-p?r-flne', sO-ptr-flne', Ba-ptr-flne', 

suHpliiii-idje, eiir'pl^-SOe, 

Bur-vi', sur'v?, Bur'v^, syr-vA', 

Sard, BSrd, sdrd, 

8js-t£m'9-tlze, sis-tf-mMIze 

































tb?, the, 

I thSr'f ore, 

• thnp'f ns, 






To'VVARDS, prep. tB'rdz, 

TO'WARD, a. 



TRAV'ERSE, adr. 

TRAVERSE, prrp. 

TRKB'LE, (trtb'bl) 














AL. 2 

t taps'tr?, I t5p(^a-trf , t&patrf, Up't»-tr?, ttp-fMr?, 

( tap'fs-tr?, ) 

tSs'sfl, t!is'sfl, tSa'Rfl, tSa'Sfl, tSf'sfl. 

t'&nt, t&wnt, t&wnt, tilnt, tilnt, tjlnt, t&wnL 

te'd?-vs, te'jt-ys, te'df-ys, te'jt-ys, te'df-ys, tf'dyvs, te'df-us. 

ten'?-bl, t6n'?-bl, ten'j-bl, ten'^-bl, te n^-bl. 

tgii'njt, tSn'ft, ten'?t, t«n'?t, tffnft, te'nvt. 

te'nure, t2n'vr, tenure, te'nure, ttn'yirr. 

te'tr?rk, tet'rsirk, te'trjrk, tS'trjrk, tetrjrk, j te'tr?rk, 

( tet'r?rk. 

tet'r?r-kf , tS'tr^r-kf, tSl'r?r-kf. 

the, the, the, the, th?, the, th?, the, the, l6?. 

ther'fore, thire'fore, therefore, tbSrfSre, thare'fora 

thrSp'^ns, thrSp'fns, thrlp'fns, thrip'fna 

thi, the, thi, thi, thi, thi. 

time, time, time, time, time 

ti-a'r?, ti-ir*?, ti S'r?, ti-'& r?. 

ters, teers, teSrs, t€ts, t£ers. 

tl'n?, tl'nf, ti'nf, ti»nf, tl'n?. 

tdo, tu, tdd, tu, tdd, tu, tSd, tM. 

t&ok, t&k, tiik, td8k, tMk. 

t99-pSt', tw-pS', tw-p€', t99-p««, tw-p«t'. 

i to3r'n?-n>2nt| ) t88r'n?-inent, turins-mSnt, taer'nj-mSnt, torenf-menL 

I tur'n^-ment, ) 

tS'urdz, (to'jrdz, { tg'rdz, to'jrdz, ty?rdz- 

to'wurd, to'jird, to'wurd, tyjrd. 

tra, trite, tra, tri, trite, tri, tri, trale. 

tr^ins-la'tur-t, t^sms-la't9^•f, trsnz-la'tur-f. 

trsi-v6rs', tr5v'?rs, tr5v'?ra, triv'f rs, trSv ? rs. 

trj-vers', triv'^rs, tr5v'?rs. 

treb'bl, treb'bl, . ... treb-bl. 

trig cj-n?I, trig'p-n?!, trTg'9-n?l. 

trip'e-d.jl, trTp'?-d?l, . . . . .... trip ?-d!d. 

tri'pQd, trip'pd, trip'ud, tri'p9d, tri'pyd, trl'p^d, trl'ji^d. 

tris'sil-l?-bl, trT3-sil'l?-bI, tris sU-l^-bl, tris sil-lj bl, tris sil-lj-bl. 

trl-fine', tri'une, tri'One, tri-une', tri'une 

tr&o'fl, truPfl, Uofi'fl, tr86'fl, troofl. 

tur'sizm, tBr'alzm. 

tur-keSz', tvir-k55z', tur-kize', tur-kCSz'. 

tur'moil, tur-moil', tur'moil, tui-moil', tnr-moil' 

twi'dl, twid dl, twidl, twi'dl. 

tup'pf ns, tup'pf ns, tup'iins, tup ?n8, t&p'pf ns.- 

Sheridan. IValker. Perry. Jonu. Fulton tf Knight. Jamrson. 

l«h»6-pfr-€T'r9-g?- { su.p,,^r r,.gj.t„r.y_ sii-per-er'9-g?-t9-r?, 8?-p?r-cr r^-gj-tnr-f 

tur-¥, ) 

»tIp9-grftff-ltTl ap^gr4P?-k?l, tlp-y-srSiff-kjl, tTp-^griff-kyl, tIp-9-grif?-k?l, tI-p9-gr5if?-k>U 
























v?-let', v51'l?, 

v5il u-a-tur, 













SYNOPSIS. xxffi 

Walker. Perry. Jones. Fulton ^ Knight. Jameson. 

ura br?-til, ura'br?-tTl. 

us-kwf-bi', us-kwf-biw', us-kwf-ba', us-kwf^ba', us-kwv-l>lw' 

yu'tfn-sil, yy-tensjl, yu'tfn-*!!, yu'ttn-sil, yv-tiii'8|l. 

v5s'8iMin-sf, vj3sTM»n-Bf, vaa'sjl-lin-a?, v5s's(\-15n-sf . 

vM ?t, v^-lut', vSJ^t, vil'?t, vai'tt, vSJ ?t, v61 la. 

vil-u-a tur, v!U-u-a'tyr, vil-y-a tur 

vari-k99r-y£6r', vjn-koo'r^-j 

vize, vaze, vize, v5ze, vSzl-, viz. 

vawlt, vlwt, viwlt, vlwU, viwlt, viwlt. 

vlwnt, vlwnt, vSlnt, v£.wnt, vawnt. 

Vf-neer*, Vf-neer', Vf-nCer', Vf-nS5r', v^-hCCt 

vSn'zn, vcn'?-zn,ven'zn, vSn'f-zn, v<5n'?-zn, J ^en zn, 

( ven't-zn. 

vCr'jure, ver'dure, vfiWdjure, vcr'dure, verd'yur. 

ver-m9-chCl If, ver-m?-sen?, ver-m?-cbSI I?, vCr-nif-chSlIf , ver-m^-chfl I9. 

ver'tf-biir, ver'tf-b?r, ver'tf-byr, ver't^-bfr. 

vtr-tl'g9, J 

Vfr-t5'g9, >vCr'tv-g3, vSrtt-gS, ( v?r-tl'g9, v?r-tl'g9, 

ver't¥-go, ' ('?r-tS'g9, v?r-t6 g9. 

vls'f-n?l, vis'jn-jl, vis'^-nyl, vTs'?-nal, vjs-el'njl. 

VIS Ine, vis'in, vf-slne', Vf-elne'. 

vI-9-l9n-chen9, vi-9-l9n-sel'l9, ve-9-l9n-ch6n9, ve-9-l9n-chSn9, Te-9-l9n-fltei',t 

v?r-t66', vjr-lu'. 

vur'chu, vir'tu, ver'chu, vSr'tu, vir'tu. 

vTz'yeer, viz'y?r, vjz-ySre', viz'y? r, vt-zyer',vlz'yeer. 

vSI'yume, vol'um, vSI'yame, volume, viSl'yQnie. 



















wind, wind, 








wind, wind, 
woond, wound, 
rSth, rath, 
rsetli, reutfi. 










w63nd, wound, 











wind, wind, 

wound, wflond, 



w£n8'k9t, wane Bk tit. 
wist k9t, wes k9t 







wind, wind, 




w5r rf-9*. 

wird, wind. 
r4wth, rath 
rSvth, reet& 

YEA, (ya) 





















ySSat, ySst, 

yelk, y6ke, 











ySi ys, 




yfs, yls, 











zSl'yg, z3 lus, 









chf kflnf 
j zin'nitb, 























the lonK Round oCii, ns in fate. 

the Italian sound of a, ns in far. 

the sound of aw, ns iv fall. 

the short sound of aw, as in what, 

the long sound of r, ns in mete. 

the sound of long a, as in vein, and in there 

the long soup.d of i, as in pine. 

the short sound of i. as in pin. 

the sound of long e, as In niorine. 

the sound of short u, as in bird. 

the lung sound of o, as in note. 

O has the sound of oo, u in food. 

9 lias tho sound of oo, ns in j^ooif, ll>« lame aa u lo full 

6 has the sound of short u, as in dove. 

has tho long sound of u, as In tube. 

IJ has tlie sound of u, as in bull. 

U has the sound of yu, as In iiaum 

€ hard c, the same as k. 

d BoA ff, the same as ;. 

S soil s, the same as z, 

CII have the French sound, tba niXM M »h. 

711 have their vocal sound, ■■ In thit. 


a. stands for adjective. 



for Ethloplc 


, for adverb. 



for French. 


„ for conuective, or conjunction. 

O or Ger 

• » 

for German. 


„ for exclamation, or interjection. 



for Greek. 


„ for little used. 



for Gothic. 


„ for name, or noun. 



for Hebrew. 


„ for obsolete. 



for Icelandic. 


„ for preposition. 



for Irish, Hibemo-Celtie, and GaelK 


„ for participle passive. 



for Italian. 


„ forparticipleof the present tense 

Lat. or L. 


for Latin. 


„ for preterit tense. 



for Persic, or Persian 


„ fof pronoun. 



for Portuguese. 


„ for verb intransitive. 



for the Russ language, or Russian. 


„ for verb transitive. 



for Samaritan. 


„ for Arabic. 


for Sanscrit. 


„ for Armoric. 



for Saxon, or Anglo-Saion. 


„ for Cbaldee. 



for Spanish. 


„ for Cornish. 



for Swedish 


„ for Danish. 



for Syriac. 


, for Dutch, or Belgic. 



for Welsh. 


, for England, or Englisb- 




Vis t!)« fcrst letter of the alphabet in most of the known 
Ianfti>ages of the eartli : in the Ethiopic, however, it is 
tlie thirlcenlh, and in the Runic Ihe tenth. It is naturally 
the first letter, because it represents tlie first vocal sound 
naturally formed by thi human or(;aiis ; beiiiK the sound 
uttered with a mere opening of the mouth, without con- 
straint, and without any eiibrt to alter the natural posi- 
tion or configuration of the lips. 

A has, m English, three sounds ; the long or slender, as 
in place, fate ; the broad, as in wall, fall, which is short- 
ened in salt, what; and the open, as \n father, ^la-is, 
which is shortened in rather, fancu. Its primitive sound 
was probably aic. A is also an abbreviation of the Saxon 
an or ane, one, used before words beginning with a con- 
sonant ; as, a table, instead of an table, or one table. 
This is a modern change ; for, in Saxon, an was used 
before articulations as well as vowels ; a^, an tid, a time, 
an gear, a year. Sec An. 

This letter serves as a prefix to many English words ; as in 
asleep, awake, afoot, aground, ai^uing. 

A is also used for anno, or tnte ; as in anno Domini, the 
year of our Lord ; anno viundi, the year of the world ; 
ante mcriiitem, before noon ; and for or/.?. In artium ma- 
eister, master of arts. Among the Uonians, A U C stood 
For anno ab urbc condila, from the building of the city, or 

A.\M, 71. [Ch. ncK, or N-N.] A Dutch measure of liquids, 
equad to 288 English pints. 

.\A-RON le, / a. Pertaining to Aaron, or to the priest- 

AA-RO.\ I-€AL, \ hood of which he was the head. 

AB, in English names, is an abbreviation of abbey or ab- 
bot ; as Abbingdon, Abbeiitown, 

AB, a prefix to words of Latin origin, and a Latin preposi- in abscond, is the Greek arro, and the Eng. of, Ger. 
oft, U. af, Sw. Dan. nf, written in ancient Latin, af. It 
denotes /mm, si^parating or departure. 

.\B. The llebjew name of /af A rr. See Abba. 

AB. A name of one of the Jewish months. 

AB'A-CIST, n. 'from abacus.] One that casts accounts ; a 

A-BACK', adi Towards the back ; on the back part ; back- 
ward. — In seamen's language, it signifies the situation of 
the sails, when pressed back against the mast by the 

AB'A-eOT, 71. The cap of state, formerly used by English 

A-BAC'TOR, 71. [L.] In law, one that ft-lonionsly drives 
away or steals a herd or numbers of cattle at once, in 
distinction from one that steals a sheep or two. 

AB'A-t'L'S, 71. [li.] 1. Among the floman.f, a cupboard or 
buffet. '2. An instniment to facilitate operations in arith- 
metic. — 3. In architecture, a table constituting the upper 
member or crowning of a colimin and its capital. 

AB'A-€I'S PYTIl-A (;i)K'I-€L'S. The multipliciilion ta- 
ble, invented hv I'vlhagnms. 

AB'ACIJS HAR-MON'l t'lS The structure and disposi- 
tion of the keys of a musical instrument. 

AB'A-CUS Ma-JOR. A trough used In mines, to wash ore 

AB'A-DA, 7t. A wild animal of Africa. 

A-BAn'nOX, 71. [Ileb. TSK.] I. The destroyer, or angel of 
the bottomless pit. 2. The bottomless pit. JMilton. 

A-BXFT , adr. or jrrcp. [Sax. irflan.] A sea term, signify- 
ing in or at the hinder part of n ship, or the pnrt-s which 
lie towards the stern ; opposed to afore. Relatively, it 
denotes /iirtAer aft, or towards the stern. It is often con- 
tracted into aft. 


AB A-GUN, 71. The name of a fowl in Ethiopia 

A-BAI'SANCE. See Ob e ha r«c«. 

AB-aL'IEN-ATE, (ab-ale'yen-ate) v. t. To transftr th« 
title of property from one to another — a term of the civil 

AB-aL-IE.\-a'TIO\, (ab-ale-yen-a'shun) ti. The trana- 
ferring of title to property. .See Alie.satiow. 

t A-BAND', r. t To forsake. Spenser. 

A-BAN'DO.\, B t. [Vt. abandonner.] 1. To forsake entire- 
ly ; as, to abandon a hopeless enterprise. Dr. .Vason. 2 
To renounce and forsake ; to leave with a view never 
to return ; to desert as lost or desperate. 3. To give up 
or resign without control, as when a person yields him- 
self, without restraint, to a jiropensity. 4. To resign ; 
to yield, relinquish, or give over entirely. 

t A-B.'VN'UO.\j 71. 1 One who totally foreakes or deserts 
2. A relinquishment. 

A-BA.\'D()M:n, pp. 1. Wholly forsaken or deserted. 2 
Given up, a.s In a vice ; cxlreinely wicked. 

A-B.V.\ 1H).\-EH, n. One wjio abandons. 

A-HAN Iio.V-I.Nt;, ppr. Forsaking or deserting wholl/ , 
yielding one's self without restraint. 

A-BA.N'Ui ).\-I.\("r, 11. A forsaking ; total desertion. 

A-B.\N'DO.V-MEAT, 71. A total desertion ; a slate of being 

A-BA.\'GA, 71. The ady ; a species of palm-tree. 

t AB-AX-Ni"TIOi\', 71. A banishment for one or two years 
for manslaughter. 

A-BAP-TIS'TO-N, 71. The perforating part of the trephine, 
an instrument used in trepanning. 

fABARE', V. t. [Sax. aiartaii.] 'J'o make bare; to un- 

AB-AR-TIG-U-La'TIOX, 71. In anatomy, that species of 
articulation, or structure of joints, which admits of man 
ifest or extensive motion. 

A-BAS', 71. A weight in Persia. F.ncyc. 

A-BaSE', v. t. [Fr. abaisser.] To cast down ; to reduce 
low j to depress ; to humble ; to degrade ; applied to the 
passions, rank, office, and condition in life. 

A-BaSE'I), (a-baste') pp. Re-duced to a low state, hnnibled, 
degraded. — In heraldry, it is used of the wings of ea- 
gles, when the tops are turned downwards towards the 
point of the shield ; or when the wings are shut. 

A-B.\SE'.MENT, n. The act of humbling or bringing low 
also a state of degradation. 

A-BASII', f . t. [lleb. C'la.] To make the spirits to fail , lo 
cast down the countenance ; to make ashamed ; to con- 
fuse or cjinfound, as by exciting suddenly a conscious 
ness of guilt, error, inferiority, &.C. 

A-BASFI'El), (a-bashf) pp. Confused with shame ; con- 
founded ; put to silence : followed by nt. 

A-B.\SII'I.\(;, ppr. Putting to shame or confusion. 

A-BASII'ME.NT, 71. Confusion from shnme. 

A-BA.'^'I.NG,r/>r. Humbling, depressing, bringing low. 

A-BAS'SI, or A-BAS'SIS, 71. A silver coin of Persia, of the 
value of^ twenty rinW. 

A-B.^TA-BLE, a. That may or ran bo abated. 

A-BiTE', r. (. [Ft. aballre.] I. To iH-at down; lo pull 
down ; to dcsltoy in any manner ; as, to abate a nni 
sance. 2. To lessen ; lo diminish ; to inmlerate ; as, lr> 
abate a demand. :i. 'I'o lesson ; to mitigate ; .an, to abatt 
pain. 4. To overthrow ; to cause to fail ; lo fnisirale by 
judicial sentence ; ils, Xo abate a writ. !>. To deject ; In 
depress ; n.s, to aftdte the Roiil. Ofty. G. To deduct. Popu 
7. To cause to fail ; to annul. 

A-BATE', r. i. I. To decreaw, or become less in strength 
or violence ; an, pain abatis 2. To fail ; to be defeated 

• See Synopsv). A, P., T, T), O, V, long.—YKXt., FALL, Wn.\T ;— PREY ,— PIN, .MARINE, BIRD ;— f 0bnlM4 
MOVE, B99K, DOVE ;— B};LL, I'MTE.— C ae K j 3» J , * as Z ; CII as '^il ; III as In tAu. 


or come to nniiRlit ; nn, a writ ahntfu.—^t. Tn fair, to rn- 
ter into a I'rei'linlil uUit llio duntli of (liii (>ccii|miit, 
and l>rf(iru llio ln-ir or drviHcc tiikrn poHNr'^NKiii. — ^1. In 
AarxcmanxAtii, In iHTliiriii Well a dciwnwurd iiiolliili. A 
tloniu Ih kiiiJ Ic> nhdlr, iir taki; down hiii riirviiH, wiirn, 
Workliiit ii|Kin nirvi'lH, Uv piil.H liotli liiM liinil Iritn lo tli<> 
ground at onco, and uhiivrvL-ii tbeHuniiTxactnriw in all tlic 


A-llAT'l'D, ;//<. I.PHscnod ; diicn-iwcd ; dc»troyfd ; nilttgnt- 
vii ; ilcti'.ilcd : rrniittcd ; ovrrtlirown. 

A-ll/\IK'MI^N'i', "■ I. 'I'lie ait of aliatinR ; llio Htnti; of 
Irf-iny ahati'd. 'J. A reduction, rrinoviiiK, or pulllim down, 
n» ol a niiisaiico. M. Iliiiiiniilion, dci'r>'a.-ic, or niitiRatioii, 
iLs or Rriel' or pain. 1. Drdtirtum, sum witlidrawn, im 
Ironi an account. T). <ivrrtl>fow, lailiire, or defeat, lui of 
a writ. ti. The entry of a Htrangi^r into » freuliold alter 
the death of the tenant, before the heir or devJHee. — 7. In 
lirraldry, a mark of dishonor in a coat of arioH, liy which 
its dignity Ih debai^cd for boiiio stain on the character of 
the wearer. 

A-BAT'KR, n. The person or thing that abates. 

A-ISA'I'MN't;, ;i^r. rullMig down, djininishiii);, defeating, 

A-HAT'UR, n. A person who enters into n freehold on the 
death of the last (wssessor, before the heir or devisee. 

AB'A-TIS, j n. [Fr.] Rubbish.— In furuficalwn, piles of 

AlVAT-TlfJ, ( trees, or bnuiches of trees sharpened, and 
laid with the points outward, in front of ramparts, to pre- 
vent assailants from uumnting the walls. 

t .\lt .XTI'DK, n. .\ny thing diniinislied. 

AB .\-'l'URK, n. [from abate.] (jrass beaten or trampled 
down by a stag in passing. Diet. 

ABB, TI. [Sax. ab or cii.] Among weavers, yam for the 
warp. Kncyc. 

AB'BA, a. Ill the Chaldee and Syriac, a /otAcr, and figu- 
ratively, a superior. 

.\U'BA-CV, [Low I-at. abbcUia.] Th« dignity, rights, and 
privileges of an abbot. 

AB-BAT''n€AL, I "• I^elong'ng ^ an abbey. 

AB'BE, (abby) n. [from abba.] In a monastic sense, the 
same as an abbut ; but, more generally, a title, in Catho- 
lic countries, without any detenuinate rank, office, or 

Afi'BI:;SS, n. [from abba.] A female superior or governess 
of a nunnery, or convent of nuns. Hr.e Abbey. 

AB'BEY, (abby) ;i., phi. Abbeys, [from abba.] A mon- 
astery or society of persons, of either sex, secluded from 
the \vorld, and devoted to religion. The males are called 
monks, and are governed by an abbct ; the females are 
called iiuii.T, and are governed by an abbess. 

AB'UEY-LUB-B1:R, n. A name given to monks, in con- 
tempt for their idleness. 

AC'BUT, n. [formerly abbat, from abba, T^atinized ahbns.] 
The superior or governor of an abbey or monastery. F.iuy. 

AH'iiOTSIlIP, n. 'J"he state of an abbot. 

AU-l>Ri:U-V01R', (ab-brii-vwor') ?i. [Fr.] A watering-place ; 
among masons, the joint between stones in a wall, to be 
filled with mortar. 

AB-BRk'VI-.\TE, v. t. [It. abbreviare.] I. To shorten ; 
to make shorter by contracting the parts. 2. To shorten ; 
to abridge by the omission or defalciition of a part ; to re- 
duce to a smaller compiiss ; as, to abbrerinic a writing. — 
3. In mat herttalics, lo reduce fiactions to the lowest tenns. 

t AB-BRR'VI-ATE, 71. An abridgment. Khiot. 

AB-BRk'VI-A-TEL), pp. Shortened; reduced in length; 

AB-BRli'VI-A-TING, ppr. Shortening ; contracting in 
length, or into a smaller compass. 

AB-BRK-VI-a'TION, )i. J. The act of shortening or con- 
tracting. A letter, or a few letters, used for a word ; as, 
Gett. for Ge.nesis. 3. The reduction of fractions to the 
lowest terms. 

AB-BKP.'VI-A-TOR, n. One who abridges or reduces to a 
smaller compass. 

.•\B-HRk'V1-A-TOR?. a college of seventy-two persons In 
the chancery of Rome. 

AB-UKkiVI-A TO-RY, a. Shortening, contracting. 
,VB BKi^.'VIA-TURE, n. .\ letter or character for shorten- 
ing ; an abridgment, a compend. 

A. B. I'. The three first letters of the alphabet, used for the 
whole alphabet. Also a little book for leaching the ele- 
ments of reading. 
AB'DAL?, n. The name of certain fanatics in Persia. Knc. 
ABiDE-RITE, 11. An intiabitant of Abdera. Whilaker. 
AB'DI-CANT, a. Abdicating ; renouncing. 
AB'm-e.\TK, V. t. [h. ahdico.] I. To abandon an ofTice or 
trust, without a formal resignation to those who conferred 
it, or without their consent; also, to abandon a throne, 
without a formal surrender of the crown. Blackstone. 
5. To reject ; to renounce ; to abandon as a right. — 3. In 
the cn-il law, to disclaim a son, and expel him from the 
family, as a fether ; to disinherit during the life of the 

iig or Implying abdication. [IaI- 


AFl'Df TATF, r. i. To rrnonncn ; to ahiindon ; "o cart iilf , 

to rrllni|iii>h, an a right, |NiW<rr, ui trunt. hurhe. 
All'lll r \ ri:il, ;>/>. Iliiioiinred ; reliii>|iijiihcd witboni 

II foriii:il remiiiintion ; abnnrtoiD-d. 
AUDI «:A TI.N(;, ppr. KeluKiumhing without a formal re«- 

Igiiiilion I abandoning. 
AB HI CA'TIU.N, n. I. The art of nbdlcatlnn ; the aban- 
doning of nn ollicu or triiHl, without a forinul ■urreiidei^ 
y. A raxtiiiit od'; rrjeclion. 
•ABIII TA-TIVE, a. Cuuiing 

tie u«rit.\ 
AlflM-TlVi;, n. [\,.ahdu ] Having the power or quality of 

hilling. [I.Ulle u.Hrd.\ 
Airiil T< > KV, n. A place for Hccretineor p»c»rrvlng eiiod* 
•AB'lli) MK.N, or AB Ko'.ME.N, «. [I.. jitTliapii ah,[„ and 
omeniarn.] 1. The lower belly, or that part of the inKly 
which lies between the thorax and the ImtWim of the |m-I 
vis. — 2. In in.irri.i, the lower part of the animal, united to 
the corslet by a thread. 
AB DOM'I NAK, a. I'erlaininR to the lower belly 
.MirXJ.M'l-.N'AI,, n. ; p/u. AnooMi i'a i.s. In tr/ithyo.tffM, 
the abdominals are a rbxis of hi-h, wliose ventral hnB are 
placed behind the pecloral, and which belong to the di- 
vision of banti fish. 
AB DOM'I-.NAI, RINf;, or I.VfMI NAL RI.NT,, n. An ob- 
long, tendinous ring in both groins. 
AB-l)O.M'l-NOUS, a. I'ertJiining to the abdomen ; having 

a large belly. 
AB-Urt'E , r. t. [L. ahduro.] Todrawfrom ; to withdraw, 

or draw to a different part ; used chicHy in anat<imy. 
AHI)C'(;E.\T, a. Drawing from, pulling back ; used of 
those muscles which pull bark certain parts of the body, 
for sejiarating, o[iening, or bending them. 
AB-DUtTIO.N, n. 1. In a ffencra/ .«?«,«>■, the act of drawinp 
apart, or tarrying away. — 2. In xur^erii, a spcriea of frac- 
ture, in whicii the broken parts recede from each other. — 
3. In loirie, a kind of argumcnt.ation, called by thetJreeks 
aparroirr, in which the major is evident, but the minor is 
not so clear as not to require farther proof. — 1. In /atr,the 
taking and carrying away of a child, a ward, a wife, ice 
either by fraud, persuasion, or open violence. 
AB-I)I'€'TOR, 71. In anatomy, a muscle which serves to 

withdraw, or pull back a certain part of the body. 
fA-BEAR', (a-bare') v. t. [Sax. abaran.] To bear; to be- 
have. Spenser. 
A-BEAR'ANCE, 71. [from abear.] Behavior, demeanor. 

Blackstone. [Little used.] 
A-BE-CE-DA'RI-A.N, ti. [a word formed from the first four 
letters of the alphabet.] (Ine who teaches the letters of 
the alphabet, or a learner of the letters. 
A-BE-CF;'DA-RY, a. Pertaining to, or formed by the letter* 

of the alphabet. 
ABED', adi\ On or in bed. 
A-BeLE', or A BEL-TREE, n. An obsolete name of 

white poplar. 
A-Bl":'LI-ANie, AB-E-Lo'XI-AN?, or A'BEL-ITE.S. In 
church histvry, a sect in Africa wliich aroee in the reign 
of .Arcadius. 
a'BEL MDSK, n. A trivial name of a species of hibiscus, or 

Syrian mallow, 
t AK-ERR', r. i. [L. aberro.] To wander. 
AB-ER'RANCE, ( n. [L. atcrrans.] A wandering or devi- 
AB-ER'RAN-CY, j ating from tlie right way ; an error, 

mistake ; a fault, a deviation from rectitude^- "" 
AB-KR'R.VNT, a. Wandering, straying from tlie right way. 

\ Rarely used.] 
AB-ER-liA'TION, 71. [L. aberratio.] 1. The act of wbb- 
dering from the right way ; deviation from truth or moral 
rectitfiJe ; deviation from a strait line. — 2. In astronomy, 
a small apparent motion of the fixed st.irs, occasioned by 
the progressive motion of light and the earth's annual 
motion in its orbit. — 3. In vpiics, a deviation in the rajs 
of light, when inflected by a lens. — Croiri of abfrration, 
a Inininous circle surrounding the disk of the sun, de- 
pending on the aberration of its rays. Cyc. 
AB-ER'RING, part. a. Wandering ; going astray. 
t AB-ER RUX'CATE, r. t. [L. averrunco.] To pull up by 

the roots ; to extin>ate utterly. 
A-BET', r. t. [Sax. ^f Mil, rrebetan.] 1. To encourage by 
aid or countenance, but now used chiefly in a bad stnsc 
— 2. In /«ir, to encourage, counsel, incite, or assist in a 
criminal art. 
t ABET', n. The act of aiding in a crime 
A-BET'MENT, 11. The act of abetting. 
A-BET'TED, pp. Incited, aided, encouraged to a crime. 
.\-BET'Tl.\G, ppr. Counseling, aiding, or encouraging to a 

A-BET'TOR,7i. One who abets, or incites, aids or encourages 

another to commit a crime. 
AB-E-VAC-U-A'TIO.N, n. [a* and eracuation.] In medicinr. 
a partial evacuation of morbid humors of the body, citlier 
bv nature or art. 
A-liKY'ANCE, (a-bay'-ance) »i. [Xorm. abbaiaunet, or 
abaizance.] In expectation or contemplation of law. The 

» S<# Synopiis. X, K, I, 0, t', Y, /<m^.— F.\R, FALL, W^.^T ;— PREY ;— nX, MARINE, BiRD ,— f Obsolete 



Ttee simple or inheritance of Kinds and tenements is in 
al/eyance, wl!en tliere is no person in being iu whom it 
Kin vest. 

fABGRliGATE, v.t. To lead out of the flock. 

f AB-<iRK-<iA'TK)N, n. A separation Ihiin tlie liock. 

Ali-HOR', V. t. [L. ablwrrcoA 1. To hale extremely, or 
witli contempt ; to lothe, detest, or alioniinate. ii. To 
despise or neglect. 3. To cast off or reject, 

AB-H(»R RED, (ab-liord') p;'. tiated extremely, detested. 

Ali Hi iK RKNd-;, In. Extreme liatred, detestation, great 

AM-H« II! v. i;.\-<;Y, ( aversion. 

-MJ 1!01{ RENT, a. 1. Haling, detestinR, struck witli ab- 
ho.v!:»:a. 2. Contrary, odious, inconsistent witli, ex- 
pressive {^f extreme opposition. 

AH-IIOR'RENT-LY, ado. With abhorrence. 

Ali-HOR'RER, Ti. One who abhors. 

AlMloR'RING, ppr. Having great aversion, detesting. As 
r. noun, it is used in Isaiah Ixvi. for tlie object of haired — 
" An abhorrinjT to all tlesh." 

A'BIH, n. [Heb. 3N.] The first month of the Jewish ecclesi- 
astical year, called also J^'isan. It begins at the spring 
equinox, and answers lo the laiter part of March and be- 
ginning of April. 

A-Bll)E', V. i. pret. and part, abode. [Pai. bidav, abidan.] 

1. To rest or dwell. 2. To stay for a short time. 3. To 
continue permanently, or in the same state ; to be flmi 
and immovable. 4. To remain, to continue. 

ABIDE', i\ I. 1. To wait for ; to be prepared for ; to await. 

2. To endure or sustain, 3. To bear or endure ; to bear 

A-BID'ER, n. One who dwells or continues. 

AlilD'INti, p}iT. Dwelling; remaining; continuing; en- 
during : awaiting. 

A-BlD'ING, lu Continuance ; fixed state ; residence ; an 

A-BIUING-LY, adv. In a manner to continue; perma- 

t A-BIL'I-MENT, 71. Formerly used for ahilitv. 

A-BIL'I-TY, n. [Fr. kabiUtt.] 1. Physical power, whether 
bodily or mental, natural or acquired ; force of under- 
standing ; skill in arts or science. In the plural, abilities 
is much used for the faculties of the mind. 2. Riches, 
wealth, substance. 3. Moral power, depending on the 
will — a metaphy.'iical and thcolntrical sense. 4. Civil or 
legal power ; the power or right lo do certain tilings. It 
is opposed to disabilitii. Cyc. 

AB-tN-TEST'ATE, a. '[L. ab and iiUextatns.] In the eiril 
law. inheriting the estate of one dying without a will. 

1 ABJECT', V. t. To throw away ; to cast out. .Spenner. 

ABJECT, n. [L. a(y>c<tt.5.] 1, Sunk to a low condition. 2. 
Worthless, mean, despicable, low in estimation, without 
hope or regard. 

AB'JECT, 71. A person in the lowest condition, and despi- 
cable I'.l. XXXV. 

AB-JGGT'ED-NESS, 71. A very low ordespicabic condition. 
\ Little used.] 

AB-JEGTIOX, 71. A state of being cast away ; hence a low 
state ; meanness of spirit ; baseness. 

AB'JECT-LY, ado. In a contemptible manner ; meanly ; 

^B'JECT-NESS, 71. The state of being abject ; meanness ; 

\B-JU-RA'TIOX, 71. l.The act of abjuring ; a renunciation 
upon oath. 2. A rejection or denial witli solemnity ; a 
total abandonment. 

All-Jfl'RA TORY, (1. Containing abjuration. 

AB-JORE', r. t. [E. ahjurn.] 1. To renounce upon oath ; to 
abiMidon. 9. To renounce or reject willi Sdleniiiity ; to 
reject. 3. To recant or retract. 4. I'o banish. '[.Vut 

t AB .irRE', 1-. t. To abjure the realm. Burnet. 

AB-JC'R'ED, (ab-jurd') pp. Renounced upon oath ; solemn- 
ly recanted. 

t AB JORE'MF.NT, 71. Renunciation. J. Hall. 

AB Jf'R'ER, 71. One who abjures. 

AU JPR'I.Nf;, pfr. Renouncing upon oath; disclaiming 
with solemnity. 

AB-LAOTATE, v. t. [I,, ablatio.] To wean from the 

AB-I,AC-TA'TION', 71. 1. In mediral aiitlinm, the weaning 
of a child from the l)re;u^t. 2. Among ancient gardeners, 
a method of grafting, now called grafting by approach, or 

AB-I-Aa-tJE-J'TION, 71. [I,, ablaquratio.] A laylnj bare 
the roots of trees to expose them to the air and wati-r. 

AB-T,A'TION, 71. (I,, n'land Intw.] -\ carrying away.— In 
medicine, the taking from the body whatever la hurtful ; 
evacuations in general. 

A1«I,A-TIVE, n. [E. ablatims.] A word applied to the 
sixth r, ofnonns in the Ealin laneuaEc 

A BEE, n. \U. iKtbilis ; Norm, a/i/c:.] 1. Having physical 
power suflirient ; havinc rompetent power or strength, 
iiodily or mental. 2. Having strong or power* of 
mind, or intellectual qualifications ; as, an able minister. 

I lease. 

3. Having large or competent property ; or simply naving 
ptojierty, or iii<-ans. 4. Having competent slrtngth or 
fortitude. 5. Having sulficient knowledge or skill. G 
Having competent moral power or qualifications 

t A'BLE, V. t. To enable. H. Jonson. 

A'BLE-BOI>-IED, a. Having a sound, strong body, or a 
body of competent strength for service. 

t Ali'Ei:-G ATE, c. (. [E. ablcgc] To send abroad. 

t AB-LE-Ga TION, 71. The act of sending abroad. 

Ali'LEN, or ABLET, 71. A small fresh-water fish, Ui« 

A HLE-NEPS, 71. Ability of body or mind ; force ; vigor j 

.\Ii'LEI'-SY, 71. [Gr. a/?Xn^ia.] Want of sight ; blindnesf. 

A'liLER, and A'BEI-ST, conip. and superl. u( able. 

t AB-EI-GU-Rr'TIO.V, n. [L. abligurUw.] Prodigal el 
pense on meat and drink 

t AB'LI-GATE, v. I. f L. ablijro.] To tie up from. 

AB'LO-CATE, v. t. [L. abloco.] To let out ; to h 

AB-LO Ca'TION, 71. A letting to hire. 

t AB-LODE', V. i. [L. ablado.] To be unlike ; to differ 

AB'LU-ENT, a. [L. abluo.] Washing clean ; cleansing by 
water or liquids. 

AB'EU-EN"]', 71. In medicine, that which thins, purifies, or 
sweetens the blood, (imncy. 

AB-LO'TION, 71. [L. ablutiu.] 1. In a general sense, the 
act of washing ; a cleansing or purification by water. 2. 
Appropriately, the washing of the body as a preparation 
for religious duties. — 3, In chemistry, the purification of 
bodies by the affusion of a proper liquor, as water to di«- 
solve salts. — 4. In medicine, the wasliing of the body ez- 
ternally, as by baths ; or internally, by diluting fluids. — 

5. Pope has used ablution for the water used in cleansing. 

6. The cup given to the laity, without consecration, in 
popish churches. Johnson. 

A'BEY, adv. In an able manner ; with great ability. 
t AB'XE-GATE, v. t. To deny. 

AB-NE-G.a'TION, 71. [L. abnego.'] A denial ; a renuncia- 
tion ; self-denial. 
AB NE-GA-TOR, 71. One who denies, renounces, or opposes 

anv tiling. Sandys. 
AB-.\0-Da'TION, 71. [L. abnodo.] The act of cutting a«-ay 

the knots of trees. 
AB NORM'I-TY, 71. Irregularity ; deformity. 
AB-NORM'OUS, a. [h. abnormis.] Irregular ; deformed. 

[Little used.] 
.\-BoARD', adv. [a and board.] Within a ship, vessel, of 

boat. — To go aboard. In enter asliip ; toenibarii To fM 

aboard, to strike a ship's side. 
A-BoARD', prep. On board ; in ; with. 
t A-BfjD'ANCE, 71. An omen. 
A-BoDE', prct. of abide.. 
A-BoDE', 71. 1. Stay ; continuance in a place; residenc« 

for a longer or shorter time. 9. A place of continuance ; 

a dwelling ; a habitation. 3. To make abode, to dwell or 

A-BoDE', V. t. To foreshow. Shale. 
A-BoDE', r. i. To b<! an omen. Dryden. 
A-BoDE'MENT, 71. A secret anticipation of something fu 

ture. Shak. 
A-B(lI)'Ii\(3, 71. Presentiment ; prognostication. 
AB-0-I,KTE'a. [E. abolilns.] Old ; out of us*-. 
A-BOE'ISII, V. t. [Fr. abolir.J 1. To make void ; toannni 

to abrogate ; applied chiefly and appropriately lo rsiiib- 

lished laws, contracts, rites, customs, and instinitioiw ; 

as, to abolish laws by a repeal. 2. To destroy, or put an 

end to ; as, lo abolish idols. Iia. ii. To abolish death 

2 Tim. I. 'J'his sense is not common. 
.l-BOL'ISn.A BEE, a. That may be annulled, abrogated, 

or destroyed. 
A-BOE'I.SIlED, pp. -VnnuUed ; repealed ; abrogated, or d«. 

A-BOi,'I.'^H-ER, 71. One who abolishes. 
A BOL'ISH-I.NG, ppr Making void ; annulling ; destroy- 
A-BoE'IPII-.MENT, 71. The act of annulling ; abrogation ; 

destrurtion. Hooker. 
AB-0-I,I"TI0N, (ab-o lish'un) n. The art of abolishing ; •r 

the state of bring abolished ; an annulling ; abrogation ; 

utter destruction. 
AB-( i-E! 'TlO.N-l.'^T, n. One who is desirous to abolisn iipjr 

A-BOiM'I\-.\-BEE, a. Very hatefUl ; dclostablc ; otUv 

Home ; iinrlean. Lrpit. vil. 
,A Bo.M'IN A-IU.I'.NESS, 71. The quality or slate cf being 

very odious ; haU'fulness. 
A H( IM'IN-A-BLY, adr. 1. Very odiously ; detestably ; sia- 

fiillv.— ';. In rulgar language, extremely, ciressive'y. 
A IloM'I.\-ATE, r. (. [L.. abomino.] To hate extromWy , 

to abhor ; to detest. 
A-lloM'I.N-.\-TEU, pp. Hated utterly ; detested ; abkw 

,\B().MaN-A-T[NG, ppr. Abhorring; hating extremely. 

♦ tttSynopnit. MOVE.BQQK.DOVE;— BliLL.UNITE.— eB«K;OMJi»B«ZiCHa.'iSII;Tnailnt*u. \ ObsoltU 


A HOM-IN-ATION, ■. I- Kitrmin hiitrnil ; drlntntlni. 
a»^. a. Thf (ilijVcl >>f ilrlri.tii(l'in ; st eummon iii[nifiea- 
ttan la Henplurr. i<. Ilriirr, drl'ilriiirnt, |miIIiiIIi>ii, In n 
phtilcn! uriiar, nrrvil iliH-lrliirii iiiiil |irnrtirr*, wlilrli nrr 
moriil ilrlilriiiriil", liloln, ninl liliiliitry, nrr nillnl ahumina 
bom. Whnlpvrr M nil ubjrcc of cilrrinr hnlrrij U calleil 
■n alinmtnalwn. 

A-ll<Hi.\ , prfii. Abovo. I'roviHeiat. 

A-MAItM , «. |Kr.) I.itrrallii, nrrlviil ; Iml u«^<l Tor firit ap- 
priirnnra, ■■iiniirr of necuatiiiR, or atlilroan ; but not an 
y.n^UsS rr.rrd. 

fA ll<>lll>, r. I. Tonrcmt. 

A IIA KK A, n. A ■prrlrn nf diirk. 

Aim Klli l-NAI,, ■. (1.. ab and ongt.] Flr»t ; ortclnnl ; 
|iriiiii(ive i abort/fiHal p«iiplr nrr llio Unit liiliiiliilaiiU of a 

All ti UU'J'I-NAI., n. An oriKiiinl, nr primltivr iiilinhlunt. 
Tim nm npulrm In n rounlry nr" rnllrd abimgintil). 

Alio iU<!i l-.NKH, M. plu. Alxirigliials , but not un KngluK 

\ A III >RSK MI:NT, n. AtK>rtlon. 

I A IK MIT , r. I. (I,, aliorlo.] To mtofnrry In birth. 

t A HORT", B. An nburtion. Hitrlon. 

A-Holl'TltiN, «. [I.. ahurUoA I. Tlip act of miscarrying, 
or prdduclng yoniin before the nnliiral time. — 'J. In aji^- 
mratirt itnsr, nny friiil or pnidiicr lli:il docd not co'ue to 
maturity, or any tiling wlilrli faili in .I* pn>(trris. 'J. The 
felin hmiiElit forth before it n (XTfi-rtly fiiriiicit. 

A-HOK'TIVK, a. I. ilroiifcht forth in an miniature ntatc j 
fnilinK, or cinninff to nniiRlit, before it i.i roniplfto. ij. 
Kailiiig In iU offiTt ; inwtarryinf ; prodiirinn nothing; 
lui. nn aharUre Rchrinr. 3. Kendcring abortive. A. I'er- 
talnlnii to abortion.— 'i. In Maui/, nn aborttce flower is 
onn wTiirh faILt without producinc fruit. 

A-m»K'TIVK, n. Thnl which is brought forth or bom pre- 
m.nlnrrly. [I.Ulle u,»ri.'. 1 

AHOK'TIVE-LY, adv. Immaturely ; in an untimely man 

A-BORTIVK-NF^'S, n. The uLile of bring abortive ; a fail- 
ing in the prtigrt-ss to perfection or iiiuturily ; a failure of 
producing the intended effect. 

A-JIDKI" NIK.NT, .1. An untimely birth. Baeun. 

A-BOU.\'D', r. i. [ L. ahando.] 1. To have or po.isees in great 
quantity ; to be copiously supplied ; followed by tcUh or in. 

2. To bo in great plenty ; to be very prevalent. 
A-noUNDINt;, ppr. Having in gnat plenty; being in 

great plenty ; being very prevalent. 

A-BOU.NI) I.M;, n. Increase. Son/A. 

A-HOl"T , prrp. [Sax. abutan.] I. .\round ; on the exterior 
part or surface. 2. Near to in place, v/ilU the sense of 
circularity. 'J. Near to in lime. A. .Near to in action, or 
near to the p«-rforniance of some act. ;'>. .Near to the per- 
ton : appended to the rlothes. t>. Concerned in, engaged 
In, relating to, resjiecting. 7. In comjiass or circumfe- 
rence ; as, two yardd abuul the trunk. 

A-BOi:T', ai/p. 1. Near to in number or quantity. 0. Near 
to in quality or degree ; as, about as hii;h, or ;u>i cold. 3. 
Here and there; around; in one place and another. 4. 
Kound, or the longest way, opposed to across, or the 
(hortest way ; as, a mile about, and half a mile acrofs. 

A-BOVE, prfp. [Sax. abufan.] I. Li<frai/«, higher in place. 
9. F^guratirel^, superior in any respect. It. More in 
number or quantity. 4. More in degree ; in a greater de- 
rtre. .1. Beyond ; in excess. 6. Beyond ; in a state to 
D« unattainable ; as, things aborc comprehension. 7. Too 
proud for. f . Too elevated in mind or rank ; liaving too 
much dignity for. '.'. It is often used, elliptically, for 
heaven, or the celestial regions. 10. In a book or writ- 
ing, it cienotes he/ort, or in a former place ; as, what has 
been said abore ; supra. 

A-B6VE', adr. I. Overhead ; in a higher place. 2. Before. 

3. Chief in rank or power. — jJAorr all is ellipticil ; abtwe 
all considerations ; chietiy ; in preference to other things. 
— .Ibucr board, above the btKirn or table ; in open sight ; 
wilhout trick, concealment, or deception. 

A-B^VK-CI-TKD. Cited before, in tlie preceding part of 
a liook or writing. 

A H6\ K -intOr.ND. Alive, not buried. 

A-B6VK-ME.\-T10NEn. Mentioned before. 

A IIP. Abbreviation for Archbishop. 

All K.\ t A DABKA. The name of a deity worshiped by 
the ."Syrians ; a cabalistic word. 

All-K.^HE', r. (. [ L. ahrado.] To nih or wear off; to waste 
by friction ; used especially to express the action of sharp, 
corrosive medicines 

ABRXn rn, pp. Rubbed or worn off; worn ; scmped. 

AII-UaH IM;, fipr. Kubtiing off; wearing. 

AB R \ H AM IC, a. Pertaining to Abraham. 

f .A BR.IIP' r. t. To arouse ; to awake. 

AB R.\ <ION, (ab ri'-7.hmu n. The act of wearing or rob- 
bing I'lf; also substance worn oiT by attrition. 

A-BKEAST, (a-brest ) a<ir. [from a'and trcaji.] Side by 
side, with the bre.ists in a line. 

A-BRIDOE, (a bridj') t. t [Fr. ofcr<'^fr.] 1. To make 


■hMrtrr ; lo epitomise ; ti> uinirnrt by (Ulng fewer W<tf4r, 
yrt reliiiMlng the srnur In •ulMlance ; ujird uf tenlin^i. 
U. To Iravn , lo diiiiliiloh, us, lo abridge laUir. '.i. io 
drprivs , lo ml off from , lolloweil by «/; nj, to ahndi-e 
oiir of hia riglilR. — I. Ill "j/^'f/zru, to reduce a coni|iouiid 
fiimiitily or rqiinllon to lUi iiHjre miiiple eifTresKlon. 

A llltllNi f;l), (iibridjdj pp. Made slxirter ; e|iiliimizcd ; 
rrdiirrd lo n iiniiilirr roni|njis ; Irwened ; deprived. 

A ltRII«>'l.ll, n. One Who abridges; one who make* a 

A IlKllK. IMl, ppr. Hhortening-, le«ienin|; depriving, 

A-llUII)ii ME.NT, n. I An epilome ; a rornpend, or sum 
innry of a iMMik. V. Hiniinution , contracliun ; reduclum. 
.'I. Ilepriviilion ; n drbnrring or rmtrnlnl. 

A llltu.\ril', aitr. Ilroarhed , IrlliriR out or yielding liquor, 
or in n (xwture for letting out ; iw, a rank i« abroach, h'lg 
vraiirrli/ used by ^>llakJl(M■ure fi^ setting loutw;, or iu a 
stair of being dilfused. 

t A IIRriACII', r. t. 'I'o lap ; lo set abroach. 

A-BR<)AI>', (a br^wd ; nJr. 1. Al large ; widely; not con 
lined to narrow limits S. In the open air. '.i. Beyond 
or out of the walls of a house. 'I. Beyond the bounds o( 
a country ; in foreign cnunlnes. 5. Extensively ; beforu 
the public al large. 

AH R(>(;A-BI.,E, a. Thai may be abrogated. 

.Ml Rot; ATE, r. t. [L. abrogo.] To repeal; to annul by 
an authoritative act; lo alxjlish by the aulhunly of the 
maker or his successor; applied to the repeal of laws, 
decrees, ordinances, tlie abolition of establiiihed custom:*, 

t AB'RO-GATE, a. Annulled. 

.AB RO-GA-TEU, pp. Repealed ; annulled by an act of au 

AB'RO-OA-TING, ppr. Repealing by auttiority ; making 

AB-Ro GA TION, n. The act of abrogating ; a repeal bv 
authority of ilic legislative power. 

* A-BRt)OU , c/r. Id Uie action of brooding. 

t .\-BR(.X)U'ING, n. A silling abrood. BaiaeU 

fA-BRQOK', V. t. To brook, to endure. See Bxook. 

AB-Ro TA-NUM, n. [Gr. APpornov.] A apecies of plant, 
called also soulhern-Kood. 

AB-RLPT, a. [L. abrupttu.] 1. Literally, bmXen off, or 
broken short. -2. Steep, craggy ; applied to rocXs, preci- 
pices and the like. 3. Fiiruriittrchi, sudden ; without no- 
tice to prepare the raind for the event. -1. Unconnected • 
having sudden transitions iVoin one subject to another. 

AB-RL'PT, 71. A cliasni or gulf with steep sides. "Over 
the vast abrupt." Millcm. 

t .AB-RtPT , r. C. To disturb. Broirn. 

AB-RUP'TIuN, n. .\ sudden breaking off; a violent sep- 
aration of bodies. 

AB-RUPT'LV, adp. Suddenly; without giving notice, or 
without the usual forms. 

AB-RLPT NESS, n. 1. A state of being broken ; cragged 
ness ; steepness. 2. Figurativeli/, suddenness ; uncere- 
monious baste or vehemence. 

.ABSCESS, n. [L. absces^-iu.] .An imposthume. Matter 
generated by the suppuration of an inflammatory tumor. 

AB-SCIND , r. I. [L. abscindo.] To cut off. 

.AB SCISS, n. [I,. abscissu.i.] Io conies, a part of the diame- 
ter, or transverse axis of a conic section, intercepted be- 
tween the vertex, or some other &xed point, and a scmi- 

.AB-SCIS SIOX, (ab-eizh'un/ n A cutting off, or a being 
cut off. — In surgery, the separation of any corrupted c« 
useless part of the body, by a shtirp instrument. 

A B-SCO.N IV, r. i. [L. abscoudo.] 1. To retire from public 
view, or from the place in which one resides or is ordina 
rily to be found ; to withdraw, or absent one's self in .•« 
private manner ; to lie concealed ; appropriately used of 
persons who secrete themselves to avoid a legal process 
2. To hide, withdraw, or be concealed. 

tAB-SCOM)', r. t. To conceal. Jinryt. 

AB-SCONO'ENCE, n. Conccilmcnt. 

AB-SCOND ER, n. One who withdraws from public notice, 
or conceals himself. 

AB-SeOND l.NG, ppr. Withdrawing privately from public 

AB SEXCE, n. [L. absrns.] 1. A slate of being at a dis 
lance in place, or not in company. 2. Want; deslitu 
lion ; implying no precious presence. — 3. In /<iic, non-ap 
pearance ;'a not being in court lo answer. 4. UeedlcAS 
ness ; inattention to things present. 

AB SE.NT, a. Not present ; not in company : at such a dis 
tanre as to prevent communication. 2. Heedless; inat 
lentive to persons present, or to subjects of conversation 
in company. — 3. In familiar language, not al home ; as. 
the master of the house is absent. 

AB-SE.NT', r. t. To deport to such a distance .v to prevent 
intercourse ; lo retire oi withdraw ; to forbear lo appeaj 
in presence ; used triUi the reciprocal pronoun 

Set Sgnrpsit, «, fi, T, 0, 0, ?, le»g.—FXR. FALL, WHAT ;— PRfeY ;— PIN, MARUNE, BIRD ,— t ObtoUU 



^ \BSENT, n One who is not present. 

AB-»SEN-TEE', n. One wlio withdraws from his country, 
office, or estate ; one who removes to a distant place, or 
to another country. 

AB-.SE.\"r'EK, n. Une who absents him^ieir. 

AB-i<KNT .MEXT, n. A st:ite of being absent. Barrou) 

AB-Sli\TH'l-AN, a. Of the nature of wormwood. 

AB-SINTH I-A-TED, a. Irapref;nated with wormwood. 

AB-SINTII'I-UM, 71. [Gr. a^iiOiov.] The common worm- 
wood ; a bitter plant, Ui>ed as a tonic A speciuts of Arte- 

AB'.SIS. In astronomy. See. Apsis. 

t AB-SIST' ti. t. To stand off; to leave off. 

AB'SO-LUTE, a. [L. ab.-iolutu.t.] 1. LUcrally, in a general 
scnue, frue, independent of any thing extraneous. Hence, 
2. Complete in itself; positive; as, an a<».<u/K<e declara- 
tion. 'S. Unconditional ; as, an abnolult promise. 4. Ex- 
isting independent of any other cause ; as, God is abso- 
lute. 5. Unlimited by extraneous power or control ; as, 
an absolute government or prince. C. Not relative ; as, 
ab.<nlutc space. 

AB'SO-LUTE-LY, adp. 1. Completely, wholly. 2. With- 
out dependence or relation ; in a state unconnected. 3. 
Without restriction or limitation. 4. Without condition. 
.S. Positively, peremptorily. 

AB'SO-LUTE-NESS, n. I. Independence ; completeness in 
itself. 2. Despotic authority, or tliat which is subject to 
no extraneous restriction, or control. 

AB-SO-LO'TIO.V, 71. In the civil /oir , an acquittal or sen- 
tence of a judge declaring an accused i)ersoii innocent. — 
In the canon lair, a remission of (tins pronounced by a 
priest in favor of a penitent. — 9mong Protestants, a sen- 
tence by which an excommunicated person is released 
from his liability to punishment. 

* AB'.SO-LU-TO-Ry, a. Absolving ; that absolves. 

AB-SOLV'A-TO-RY, a. Containing absolution, pardon, or ; hiving power to absolve. 

AB-SOLVE', (ab-zoW) r. t. [L. absolve.] To set free or re- 
lease from some obligation ; as, to absolve a person from 
a promise ; to absolve an offender. Hence, in the riri7 
Inio, the word was used for acijuit ; and in the canon law, 
foTfiirgice, or a sentence of remission. In ordinary lan- 
guage, its sense is, to set free or release from an engape- 
nien't. Formerly, good writers used the word in the 
sense of Jfni's-A, accomplish ; as, to absolve work, in Mil- 
ton : but, in this sense, it seems to be obsolete. 

MI-SOL V'El), (ab-/-olvd') p;i. Released ; acquitted ; remit- 
ted ; declared innocent. 

AB-?OLV'Ell, 71. One who absolves ; also one that pro- 
nounces sin to be remitted. 

AB-SOIiV'IN(J, ppr. Setting free from a debt, or charge ; 
acquitting ; remitting. 

AB'S(J-\ANTj a. Wide from the purpose ; contrary to rea- 

MVSO-NOUS, a. [V. absonus.] Unmusical, or nntunable. 

JiB-SORB', V. t. [L. absorbeo.] I. To drink in ; to suck up ; 
to imbibe, as a spunge. 2. To drink in, swallow up, or 
overwhelm with water, as a body in a whirlpool. 3. To 
waste wholly or sink in expenses ; to exhaust ; as, to ab- 
sorb an estate in luxury. 4. To engross or engage whol- 
ly ; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth. 

AB-.SOKB-A-BIL'1-TY, n. The stale or quality of being ab- 

ABSORB A-ni.E, a. That may be imbibed or swallowed. 

ABSORBED, or AB-SOKl>T', vp. Inibihed ; swallowed ; 
wa<;tpd ; engaged ; lost in study ; wholly engrossed. 

M! SOUB'K.NT, a. Imbibing ; swallowing. 

AB SOKB'ENT, 71. In analomii, a vessel which imbibes ; as 
ilii- lacteals, lymphatics, and inhaling arteries. — In mcdi- 
rinr, a testaceous powder, or other substance, which im- 
liilii-s the tmniors of the body. 

Al! ."^ORBMNt;, ;i/)r. Imbibing; engrossing; wasting. 

AB-SORP'TION, n. I. The act or prcK-.ess o( imbibing or 
swallowing ; either by water which overwhelms, or by 
substances which drink in and retain liquids; a.s, the ab- 
sorption of a body in a whirlp(M>l. — 2. in chemistry, the 
conversion of a gaseous fluid into a liquid or solid, by 
union with another substance. 

AB-SORP'TIVE, a. Having power to imbibe. 

AB-8TAIN', r. i. \\,. alistinen.] la a ireneral sense, to for- 
bear, or refrain from, voluntarily ; but used chie'ly to de- 
Jiote a restraint upon ttie passions or appetites ; to refrain 
from indiileenre. 

AB-STRMI-f>l'."^, fl. [\,. ahstrmius.] 1. Sparine in diet ; 
refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks. 2. 
Sparing in theenjoymentof animal pleasuresof any kind. 
.1. Sparingly used, or used with temiioranco ; liebmging 
to abstinence; as, an abstemious diet; an abstemious 

AB-STR'MI-OUS-LY, adv. Temperately ; with a sparing 
use of meat or drink. 

AB-STR'MI-OnS-NESl=!, 71. The quality of bring temn^frte 
ornnnri"- ■■- the use of food and strong drinks. 

AB-STER6Es (ab-sterj') v. I. [L. oi-tfcr/reo.) To wipe. o« 
make clean by wiping ; to cleanse by recolviug ulwlrtic- 
tions in the body. 

.'VB-STF.Rt'i ENT, a. Wiping j cleansing. 

AB-STER6 E.NT, n. A medicine which frees the body from 
obstructions, as soap ; but the use of llie word is nearly 
su(>erseded by detergent, which see. 

AB-tjTER'SIO.\, 71. [L ab.-<tergeo, abstersus.] The act o( 
wiping clean ; or a cleansing by medicines wtaicli resolve 

AB-STER'SIVE, a. Cleansing ; having the quality of re- 
moving obstructions. 

AB'STl-NEN'CE, 71. [L. abstinenlia.] 1 In general, tllO 
act or practice of voluntarily refraining from, or forbear- 
ing any action. 2. The refraining from an indulgence of 
appetite, or from customary gratifications of animal pro- 
pensities. It denotes a totii forl)earaiice, as in fasting, of 
a forbearance of tlie usual quantity. 

ABSTI-NENT, a. Refraining from indulgence, especially 
in the use of food and drink. 

AB'STI-NEXT-LY, adv. With abstinence. 

ABWTl-NEXTS. A sect whicii apjieared in France and 
Spain in the third century. 

t AB-STORT'ED, ;jar<. a. [I,. abstortws/\ Forced away. 

AB^STRACT', v. t. [L. abstraho.] 1. To draw from, or to 
separate. 2. To separate ideas by the operation of the 
mind ; to consider one part of a complex object, or to 
have a partial idea of it in the mind. 3. To select or sep- 
arate the substance of a book or writing ; to epilomirx; or 
reduce to a summary. — I. In chemistry, to separate, as 
the more volatile parts of a substance by repeated dislilla 
tion, or at least by distillation. 

AB'STRACT, a. fL. abstraclus.] ]. Separate-, distinct 
from something else. An abstract idea, in mctaphy.*ics, 
is an idea separated from a complex object, or from other 
ideas wiiich natunilly accompany it, as the solidity oi 
marble contemplated apart from its color or figure, jtu- 
stract terms are those which express abstract ideas, aj 
beauty, vhileness, roundness, without regarding any sub- 
ject in which they exist ; or abstract terms are the name* 
of orders, genera, or spe^-ies of things, in which there is a 
combination of similar qualities. 2. Separate, existing io 
the mind only ; as, an abstract subject ; au abstract ques 
tion ; and lience difficult, abstruse. 

AB'STRACT, 11. I. .\ summary, or epitome, cnntaininj 
tJie substance, a general view, or the princi|ial heads 01 
a treatise or writing. 2. Formerly, an extract, or a small- 
er quantity, containing the essence of a larger. — In th» 
abstract, in a state of separation, as a subject considered 
in the abstract, i. e. witliout reference to particular per 
sons or things. 

AB-STRACT'ED, pp. Separated ; refined ; exalted ; ab- 
struse ; absent in mind. 

AB-STRACT'ED-LY, adv. In a separate state, or in con- 
templation only. 

AB-STR \eT'Ei)-XESS, 71. The state of being abstracted 

AB-STRACT'ER, ji. One who makes an abstract, or sum 

AB-STRACT'ING, ppr. Separating ; making a summary. 

AB-STR.\€'TION, n. 1. The act of separating, or slate of 
being separated. 2. The operation of the mind when oc- 
cu|)ied by abstract ideas ; as when we contemplule some 
particular part or property of a complex object, as separata 
from the rest. 3. A separation from worldly objects ; a 
recluse life ; as, a liermit's abstraction. 4. Absence o( 
mind ; inattention to present objects. 5. In Uie proceaf 
of distillation, the term is used to denote tlie seiwiratioc 
of the volatile parts, which rise, come over, and a.-e coo- 
densed in a receiver, from those which are fixtMl. 

AB-STR.\eT'IVE, a. Having the power or quality of ab" 

ed, or driwn frimi other substances, particularly tromt 
vegeUibles, witliout I'ermeiitation. 

.'VB'.-^TRAC'r-hY, adv. Separately ; ab.soliiU.-ly ; in a staU 
or manner unconnected with any Ibing else. 

.\B'STRA«"1' NKSS, 11. ,\ Kparile stale ; a slate of beinf 
in coiileinplation oiilv, or not connected with any object 

t AB S TRH'T'ED, part. a. [I., abstrictus.] Unbound 

t.\B STRINCE', r. t. To unbind. 

t AB-i-^TRuDE', r. t. To thrust or pull away. 

AB-STRCSJ".', a. [E. ab.-im.-tis.j Hid ; concealed, lience, 
remote from nppreliensioii ; difficult to be coinpre'jendec 
or understood ; oppiwed to what is obrwus. 

.\B-STRvSl','I>y, ndr. In a concealed manner; obscurely, 
in a inaTiner if \ fi> l>e exilly understood. 

AB STRr>!li .vr.SS, n. Obscurity of aieaning ; the state M 
qua'.lly of being difficult to be understood. 

f AB .'^TRO'SI-TY. H. Altslruseneas. Brown. 

t AH-Sf'ME', r. t. [L. ab.tumo.] To bring to an end by grad 
ual w.iRte. 

t AB-.>^rMl"TION, 71. Destnictlnn. 

M\4iV.\W ,a.[\..absurdus.] Opposed t* maaifasl truth 

*8ttiinersii MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ; Bt,'LL,(.<NITF. — €aiiK -. <3as J. SaaZ; CH as SH; THaatnrAi*. \ Ohs«l»U 

ACA 6 

lnci.n»l»lrnt with, or thr plnlii dirlslM of rom 
ni<iii ariiar. An ut<art/ in.iii iii M niiitrnry lo llir rliiiir 
dlildira iif rnuMili nr millllcl Jilil|tllirllt. All n/i«uri/ |iri>|> 
oailioii riiiitiiiilii l< cilivii>ii>< Irulli. An ahturd prnilirr nr 
oiHiiliiii la rrpiigiiafil In (hr rriuion or Coiiiiiiiui ii|i|>r<'lirii' 
linn iifnirn. II l> nft'urii In any, all mill ali iiiiilir trii. 
AIIHI'KIVI l\, 1. I. 'I'lio qiiiillly of lirliiK liirniialalrnl 
Willi nlivlnua Iriilli, rnianii, nr aniiinl Jmli'niriil. Wiiiit 
of Jiiil|iiirlit, n|ipllril In iiinn ; wniil nf |iri.|irl'-ty , n|>|>liril 
In tlilii|a. .lohinon. 'J. 'I'lial wliirli li .ilniirii : III till* 
■rnax II liiu a lilumi -, thr ahMunlilirt nl' iiii-ii. 

All MI'Kli I.V, ui/p. In a iiianiirr iiirniiauiiriii Mrllh rciuon, 
ur iilivlnui nmivlrty. 

Alt ><rUI>'.NfXS, «. '\'\w li,im« n» abMurHitii, nnd \eM uaril. 

A III ND'ANCi;, n. [Kr. nhmidrtn. r.] (Jrral pliMily ; sin nvrr 
ItcxviiiK iiniintily ; niupir aiitlirlrnrjr ; in alrii-tm-Ha, npiili 
dibli' In ((iinntity niilv ; liiil riiatntiiiirily iisfd nf niinilicr ) 
hji, nn al'uiidaiKe nf |ir3a.iiita. It ilcnnte* itlan fiilliir.'W, 
ovrrllnwlnl : on, llir n'noid.mff nf tin! Iirart. .!/«'. xil. 

A-lirMVAVI, a. rirnlirul i In grrat iiimnljly ; fully snf- 
flfirnt ; w, an ahunJaHt Bupply.— In Senpttirr, ahnund- 
Int J having In grrnt ijuantlty ; civerflnwini; willi. 

A lin.Nli'A.M' l-V, uUi: Kully ; amply; plentifully; In a 
aiirtinrnt drgrrr. 

»AUO!'A(ii;, I.. Ahiw. 

A-UP»K', r. t. (I'r. ahaser.] 1. To use ill; to maltreat; 
to nii»U!<o; tn une «villi Imd mntivi-s or to wrong piir- 
poiH^ ; n-a, to lI^u.^(■ privilrgcs. 2. To violate ; lo defile 
Dy iinprnp«'r acxual interronrse. 3. To deceive ; to iin- 
poiio on. 1. To treat nidely, or with reproarliful lan- 
guage ; to revile. 6. To (lorvert llie inc-aniiig of; lo mis- 
apply ; a-t, to atiust words. 

AllrSK', B. 1. Ill U4e ; improper tre.itment or employment ; 
application to a wrong purpn-ie ; as, an abxise of our natu- 
ral powers. 'J. A corrupt pmrlice or custom ; as, the 
mkujcs o( goveniment. 'J. Kude«iK,-ech ; reproachful lan- 
guage nddroKscd to a person ; cniitumely ; reviling words. 
A. .S;duction. S. Perversion of meaning ; improper use 
or application ; as, an abu-tc of words. 

AllPS'Kl), (a-bu/.d') pp. Ill-used ; used to a bad [lurpose : 
treated with rude language ; misemployed ; perverteil 
to bad or wrong ends ; deceived ; defiled ; violated. 

t .A-HCSE'KLFL, a. L'sing or practicing abuse ; abusive. 

A-HCS'ER, n. One who abuses ; one that deceives ; a rav- 

A-BC'S'ING, fipr. L'sing ill ; employing to bad purposes ; 
deceiving ; violating the person ; perverting. 

A-IIO'SKJ.N, (a-bu'-zhiiii) n. Abuse ; evil or corrupt usage ; 
reproach. [Little used.] 

A-BC'."<IVK, a. 1. I'racticing abuse ; offering harsh words, 
or ill treatment. 2. Containing abuse, or that is the in- 
strument of abuse ; as, abusive words ; rude reproach- 

AUC'SIVE-LY, adv. In an abusive manner; rudely; 

A-Ub'SIVti-.NEtsS, n. Ill-us:ige ; the quality of being abu- 
sive ; rudeness of language, or violence lo tlie person. 

A-BUT', T. i. [F» aboutir.] To border upon ; to be con- 
tiguous to ; to meet ; in strictness, to adjoin to at the 

A-DUT'MENT, n. 1. The head or end ; that which unites 
one end of a thing to another. 2. That which abuts or 
borders on another. 

A-BIJT'TAI,, ;i. The butting or boundary of land at the 
end ; a head-land. Sprhnaii. 

t A-BY', p. t. or i. [probably contracted from abide.] To en- 
dure ; to pnv dearly ; to remain. Spenser. 

A-BVS.M', (a-byzm') ii. [Uld Fr. ; now abime.] A gulf. 

t A-BYS'MAL, a. Bottomless. Coles. 

A-BY8S', n. [(Jr. alivcaof.] 1. A liottomless gulf; used also 
for a deep in.nss of waters, supposed by some to have en- 
compassed the earth before the flood ' The word is also 
used for an immense cavern In the earth, in which God is 
supiKised to have collected all the waters on the third 
day of the creation. It is used also for hell, Erebus. Q. 
That which is immeasurable ; that in which any thine 
Is liwt. ' *■ 

AB-\ S-SIN'I-A\, a. Belonging to Abvssinia. 

AB-YS-^IN'I-.\Ns, n. ,\ sect of Chri'stinns in Abvssinia, 
who admit but one nature in Jesus (."hrist, and reject the 
council of rhalcedon. F.ncuc 

AC, In Saxon, oak , tlie initial syllable of names ; as, Acton, 

AfArVLOT, or ACA -LOT, n. A Mexican fowl, the 
Tantalus .Mriieanuf, or water raven. See .Vcalot. 

A-CAHMA, n. (I,.] Kgyplian thorn.— Tn medicine, it is a 
name given to Uie inspissated juice of the unripe fruit of 
the m,m».<a .V.lotira, which is brought from Egypt in 
riMindiah masses, in bladilcrs. 

A-€AriAN.« In church Ai.<((.ry, were certain sects, so de- 
noniinnteil rVom .Acacius. h'.ncyc. 

1 Af-APK.ME', n. An ac.vlemy ; a socletv of persons. 

AC^A-DE'MI-AL, a. Pertaining l* »n acaiiemy. 


AT A-Iir.'MI-AN, n. A nirmberofan oeadcnry ; nr Mfti* 

In n uiilvi-ralty or college. 
At: A-l>l;.M'l<', or A«: A DK.M'I CAI,, a. ll«longr»» (o am 

urai'i-iiiy, or to m n lligi- or univemlty ; at > iademit 

sludicK ; aino noting wliat iM-longit to the ucUuiJ ir phllo*- 

nphy of Plato ; an, tlie ucaitrimc itt-rt. 
AC A liE.M'IC, n. One who Ixlonged ti, tJie schwjl, or nd- 

hrred to the pliilimophy, of Nx;ral»-a and Plato ; a atudrnl. 
AtJ-A UK.M'I-CAL l,V', niir. In an acudemWal manner. 
A<; A 1)K .MI"(;iAN, n. (Fr. ncadim,cirn.\ A memljcrof an 

academy, or society for p.'omnling arts and sciences ; par 

tiriilarly, a member of the French ;u:adeiMii-». 
A-C.Aiyb-Mlri.M, n. The doctrine of the academic philuao- 

pliy. Haiter. 
A-t.'AfJ'K .MI.ST, n. A member of an academy for promoting 

artii and sciencoi , also nn ocade/iiic phili>H<>pher. 

A-i'AIVE .MV, 71. (\.. arademia.j Originally, it Is said, a 
garden, grove, or villa, near Atlinn", where ilalo and lii* 
followem held their pliiliMophic.'U conferenwrs. I. A 
BcluHil, or seminary of learning, holding a rank between 
a univenity or college and a common scIkmiI ; also a 
scIkhiI for leaching a particular art, or particular scierres ; 
as, a military ncademy. 2. A house, in which the stu- 
dents or members of an academy meet ; a f)lace of edn- 
cation. 3. A society of men united for tlie promotiim of 
arts and sciences in general, or of some particular art. 

ACA-L(JT, n. [contracted from acacaloll.] A .Meiicaa 
fowl, called by some the ai/ualic cmir. 

At^.A-MAC U, 71. A bird ; the Brazilian f)y-eatcher, or to- 

Ae-A-XACEOUS, a. [Gr. airavoj.] Anned with prickle*. 

A-CANTH'.\, n. [Or akavOa.] In botany, a prickle.— In 
zoology, a spine or prickly fin ; an acute prucens of the 

Ae-AN-'l'HA'CEOnS, a. Armed with prickles, as a plant 

A-e.\.\'TH.-\-RIti, 71. In entomology, a species nf eimei. 

A-e.\.\TH'L\E, a. [See Acasthus.] Pertuiniug to the 
plant acanthus. 

Ae-AN-THOP-TE-RYG'I-OUS, a. [Gr. oKavOof.] In zooli>. 
gy, having back tins which are bard, bony, and prickly ; 
a term applied to certain fishes. 

A-€ANTH'L'S, 71. [Gr. aKavBoi.} 1. The plant bear't 
breech, or brank ursine. — 2. In architecture, an ornament 
resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus. 

A-e.\N'TI-CO.\E, 71. See Pistacits. 

A-eAEX'AR, 71. A bright star. Bailey. 

A-CAT-A-LEG'TIf, n [Gr. airaraXijvroj.J A verse, which 
has the complete iiumberof syllables. Johnson. 

A-eAT'.\-LEP-PY, 71. [Gr. aKOTa^rix^ta.] Impossibility of 
complete discovery or comprehension ; incomprehensibii 
ity. fVhitaker. 

A-€AT'E-CHI-LI, v. A Mexican bird. 

A e.Vr'ER.AC.ATES. See Catekeb and Gates. 

A-GAU'LINE, ) a. [L. a. priv. and caulis.] In Votanp, 

A-e.\U'LOL'S, ( without a stem ; having flowers resting 
on the ground. 

AG-CkDE', v. I. [L. accedo.] 1. To agree or assent, as to 
a proposition, or to terms proposed by aiMtther. 2. To be- 
come a party, by agreeing to the tenns of a treaty. 

A£'-CkD'INGj ppr. Agreeing; assenting. 

Ae-CEL'ER-ATE, f. «. [h.'accelem.] 1. To canseto idot« 
ftister ; to hasten ; to quicken motion ; to add to the ve- 
locity of a moving body. 2. To add tonatuml or ordinary 
progression ; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant. 'S. 
To bring nearer in time ; to shorten tlie time between 
the present time and a future event. 

A€-CEL'ER-A-T£D, pp. Uuickened in motion; hastened 
in progress. 

Ae-CEL'ER-.\-TING, ppr. Hastening ; inerea?-".; veto 
city or progression. 

A€-CEL-ER-a'T10N, n. The act of increasing velocity o» 
progress ; the slate of being quickened in motion or ao 

Ae-CEL'ER-.\-TIVE, 0. Adding to velocity ; quickening 
progression. Rrid. 

AG-CEL ER-A-TO-RY, a. Accelerating ; quickening mo 

t AG-CEND', r. t. [Ti. accendo.] Tokindle ; to set on fire. 

AG-GEND-I-BIL'I-TY, 71. Capacity of being kindled, or of 
becoming inflamed. 

AG-CEXD I-BLE, a. Capable of being inflamed or kindled. 

A€-CEX'SION, 71. The act of kindling or setting on fire; 
or the slate of being kindled ; inflammation Ckemis 

AC'CE.NT, 71. [L. afce7it«iJ ] 1 The modulation of the 
voice in reading or speaking. 9. -A particular stress 01 
force of voice upon cert.iiii syllables of words, which 
distinguishes them from the others. .Accent is of two 
kinds^ primary and secondary, as in as'ptrn'lion. 3. A 
mark or character used in writing to direct the stress of 
the voice in pronunciation. 4. .\ modulation of tlie voice 

Sm Srm>m. A, I?, T, o, C, Y, /oni^.-F.XR, F.'VI.L, WII.^T ,— PREY ;— PIN, MARINE, BIRD ;— } ObsoUlt 


expressive of passions or sentiments. Prior. 5. Manner 
of speaking. Obs. Shak. — tj. Pofticd/iy, words, language, 
or expressions in general. Drijdtu. — 7. In mitvic, a swell- 
ing of sounds, for the purpose of variety or expression. 
8. A peculiar tone or inllection of voice. 

At;-CEN'l'', V. t. To express^ accent ; to utter a syllable with 
a particular stress or modulation of the voice. — In puetry, 
to utter or pronounce in general. Also, to note accents 
hy marits in writine. 

At^OENT'ED, pp. Uttered with accent ; marked with ac- 

AC-CENT'ING, ppr. Pronouncing or marking with ac- 

Ae-<;E.\TiU-AIi, a. Pertaining to accent. 

AC-CENT'U-ATE, v. t. To mark or pronounce with an 
accent, or with accents. 

Ae-CE.\T-U-A'TIU.\, n. The act of placing accents in 
writine, or of pronouncing them in speaking. 

AG-(;EPT', v. t. [L. acceplo.] 1. To take or receive what 
is ollered with a consenting mind ; to receive with ap- 
probation or favor. 2. To regard with partiality ; to value 
or esteen-. 3. To consent or agree to ; to receive as 
terms of a contract ; as, to accept a treaty •, olten follow- 
ed by of. 4. To ttndcrstand ; to have a particular idea 
of; to receive in a particular sense. — 5. In commerce, 
to agree or promise to pay, as a bill of exchange. See 

• Ae-CEPT'A-BI,F,, 0. 1. That may be received with pleas- 
ure ; hence, pleasing to a receiver ; gratif^'lng. 2. Agree- 
aWe or pteasing in |»erson. 

The quality of being agrecah'.e to a receiver. 

•Ae-CEPT'A-BLY, adc. In a manner to please, or give 

Ae-C"EPT'ANCE, n. 1. A receiving with approbation or 
aatisfaction ; favorable reception. 2. The receiving of a 
bill of exchange, or order, in such a manner as to bind the 
acceptor to make payment. 3. An agreeing to terms or 
proposals in commerce, by which a bargain is concluded, 
and the parties bound. 4. An agreeing to the act or con- 
tract of another, by some act which binds the person in 
law. — 5. In mercantile lan<rua<:e, a bill of exchange ac- 
cepted ; as, a merchant receives another's acceptance in 
payment. 6. Formerly, the sense in which a word is 
understood. Ohf. 

Ae-CEP-TA'TION, n. 1. Kind reception ; a receiving with 
favor or approbation. 2. A state of being acceptable ; 
favorable regard. 3. The meaning or sense in which a 
word or expression is understood, or generally received. 
4. Ife^.eption in general. Ohs. 

A€-CEPT'Er>, pp. Kindly received ; regarded ; agreed to ; 
rinderstood ; received as a bill of exchange. 

A€CEPTiER, or Ae-CEPT'OR, 71. A person who accepts. 

t AG-CEP-TI-La'TION, «. The remission of a debt by an ac- 
quittance from the creditor. Cotirrave. 

Ae-CEPT'I.N'fJ. p/ir. Receiving favorably; agreeing to; 

t AeCEP'TIOX, n. The received sense of a word. 

t ACCEPT'IVE, o. Ready to accept. B. Junson. 

AC-CESS', n. [\j. accessiu.'j 1. A coming to; near ap- 
proach ; admittance ; admission ; as, to gain access to a 
prince. 2. Approach, or the way by which a thing may 
be appronchea ; as, the access is by a neck of land. 3. 
Means of approach ; liberty to approach ; implying pre- 
vious obstacles. 4. Admission to SPTiial intercourse. 5. 
Addition ; increase by something adde<l ; as, an access of 
territory, fi. The return of a fit or paroxysm of disease. 

A€'CES-SA-UI-LY. See Accessorilv. 

AC'CES-SA-RI-NESS. See Accessori ness 

A€K^K.S-SA-RY. See AccKsjonT. 

Ae-CES-SI-BlL'[-TY, n. 'J'lie quality of l>eing approacha- 
ble, or of admitting access. 

AG-t/ESS [-BLE, a. I. That may be approached or reached. 
9. Easy of approach ; affable. 

AC-CESS'ION, n. [L. accessio.] 1. A cominc to ; an acced- 
ing to and joining. 2 Increase hy something added ; 
that which is added ; a-igmentation.— 3. In hur, a mode 
of acquiring property. 4. The act of arriving at a throne, 
an office, or dienity. ,"= That which is added. G. The 
invasion of a lit of a f irlodical disease, or fever. 

AC (M'SS'ION-AI,, a. Additional. 

AC-CES-SO'RI-AL, a. Pertaining to an accessory ; as, ac- 
cessiirial aeencv, aecessorinl guilt. Hurr's Trial. 

A€'CES-S()-RM/y, adc. In the manner of an accessory ; by 
subordinate means. 

AC'Cl'.S-SO-RI-NEesS, 71. The state of being accessory. 

AC'CES-SO-RY, a. [\..nccrssnri\u.'\ I. Acceding ; eontnb- 
titing : aiding in producing some elTecl, or acting in 
subordination to the principal agent. I'sunlly in a bad 
sense. 2. Aiding in certain arts or olTerts in a seconda- 
ry manner ; as, accessory sounds in music. 

AC'CKS-SO-RY, 71. 1. In Mir, one who If eullty of a felony, 
not by committing the offence in person, or as principal, 
but by advising or commanding aiuither to commit the 


crime, ot by wncealing the offender. 2. That which ae 
cedes or belongs to something else, as its principal. 
ACCl-DENCE, 71. [.Sfe Accident.] A small book, contaiu 

ing the rudiments of grdinmar. 
ACCIDENT, 71. [E. accidens.'S 1. A coming or falling; 
an event that takes place without one's foresight or ex- 
pectation ; an event which proceeds from an unknown 
cause, or is an unusual effect of a known cause, and 
therefore not expected ; chance ; casualty ; contingency. 
2. That which takes place or begins to exist without a;i 
efficient intelligent cause, and without design. Diciaht. 
— 3. In loqic, a property or quality of a being which ia 
not essential to it, as whiteness in paper. — 1. In grammar, 
something belonging to a word but not essential to it, 
as gender. — ft. In heraldry, a point or mark, not essent:al 
to a coat of arms. 
A€^CI-DENT'AIj, a. 1. Happening by chance, or ratlierun- 
exp«ctedly ; casual ; fortuitous ; taking place not accord- 
ing to the usual course of things ; opposed to llial which 
is constant, recular, or intended ; as, an accidental visit. 
2. Non-essential ; not necessarily belonging to ; as, songs 
are accidental to a plav. 
AC-CI-DENT'AL-LY, adv. By chance ; casually ; fortui- 
tously ; not essentially. 
AG-CI DENT AL-.NESS, n. The quality of being casual. 

[Little used.] 
t Ae-CI-DEN'TI.\-RY, a. Pertaining to the accidence 
t AC-CIP'I-ENT, n. A receiver. 

AC^CIP'I-TER, B. [L. ad and capio.] 1. A name given to 
a fish, the tinVru.'or lucerna. — 2. In ornithology, tbenauio 
of tlie order of rapacious fowls. 
AG-CIP'I-TRINE, a. Seizing ; rapacious ; as the accipi- 

trine order of fowls. Kd. Encvc 
t AC-CITE', V. t. [L. ad and 'cito.] To call ; to cite ; u> 

Ae-CI..^I.M', r. t. [L. acclamo.] To applaud. [Little used.] 

AC-CLaIM', 71. A shout of joy ; acclamation. 
t AC'CLA-MATE, r. t. To applaud. 

AC-CLA-M.A'TIUN, n. [L. acUamatio.] A shout of ap- 
plause, uttered by a multitude. 
AC-CL.\M'.\-TO-KY, a. Expressing joy or applause by 

shout's, or clapping of hands. 
A€)-CLI'MA-TED, a. [ac for ad, and climate.] Habituated 
to a foreign climate, or a climate not native. .Med. Aqjuj. 
t AC-CLWE', a. Rising. Aubrey. 

AC-CMV'ITY, 71. [L. acclicus, acclivis.] A slope, or incli- 
nation of the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as a.v- 
cendiniT, in opposition to declivity, or a side descending 
Rising ground ; ascent ; the talus of a rampart. 
AG-CLI VOL'S, a. Rising, as a hill, with a slope. 
t AC-CI.OY , tj. t. To till ; to stuff; to fill to satiety. 
AG-COIL'. See Coil. 

AC'CO-LA, 71. .K delicate fish eaten at Malta. 
AC-CO-LADn, 7t. [E. ad and co//u77i.] A ceremony formei- 

ly used in conferring knighthood. 
ACeO-LEN'T, 77. One who inhabits near a place ; a bor- 
AC-CO M'MO-DA-BEE, a. [Fr.l That may be fitted, made 

suitable, or made to agree. [Little used.] 
AC-COM'.MO-D.\TE, v.t. [L. aceo77i77i.rfo.] 1. To fit, adapt, 
or make suitable ; as, to nffo77imo(/o(f ourselves locircuin- 
stances. Palev. 2. To supply with or furnish ; followed 
by 7rif A. 3. To supply with conveniences ; as, to accom- 
modate a friend. 4. To reconcile things which are at va- 
riance ; to adjust. 5. To show fitness or agreement ; 
to apply. 6. To lend — & commercial sense. Iiian inrru*- 
sitive sense, to agree, to be conformable to, as used by 
Bovle. Obs. 
AC-COM'MO-DATE, a. Suitable ; fit ; adapted ; as, means 

arrom TTiodrtfe to the end. liaii. 
AC CO.M'MO DA-TED, pp. Filled ; adjusted ; applied ; al 

so, furnished with conveniences. 
AC-COM'MO-DATE-EV, adv. Siiitablv ; fillv. 
AC-COM'MO-DATE-.NESS, 71. Fitness". [Little used.] 
Ae-COM'MO-I)A-TINC.,;);77-. Adapting ; making siillnble 

reconciling ; furnishing with ccmveniences ; applying. 
AC CO.M'.MO-DA-TI.N'C., a. Adnplliig one's self to ; oblig 

ing ; disposed to comply, and In oblige another. 
AC-COM-.MO DA'TION, 71. I. Fitness; adaptation; fol 
lowetl by to. 2. .Adjust merit of differences ; reconcllia 
tion, as of parties in dnpiile. 3. Provision of conven 
iences. 4. In the plural ; conveniences ; things furnish 
ed for use ; rhieliy applied to fnrfinnj^*. — ,•>. In mercantile 
laniruairr, accummmlatiun is used for a loan of nionev. In 
England, accnmmvdntion hill is one given instead of a 
loan of money, tyahhe. fi. It is also used of a note lent 
merely to accommodate Ilie borrower. — T. In Iheolcrv. 
accommodation is the application of one tiling to another 
by analogy, as of the words of a pn>pliery to a future 
event. Valryi. 
AC f'oM'Mo D.\-TOR, Ti. One that accommodates; on* 
that adjusts. 

• let Synoptu. MOVE, BOOK D6VE ;— BIJLL, UNITE.— C as K ; d as J ; S as Z ; CII m SII ; TH •» in tkis. f Oluelue 


TAf<V.'M» A .\A i;l,K, a. Horlnhln. 

AC ( i)M I'A MID, ;>/>. Alirnilnl ; Jolnri] witli 111 loclety. 

ACro.M i'A M i:it, n. Ilr wild iii'ciiiii|intilia. 
AC To.M'I'A M MI'.M', H. [it. iiccuwpajiitfmrnl.j Hornr 
IhlnR (linl nllniil' iix ii rirciiiiuitaiirc, ur wliirh (a niltlril 
•y wny ul' iirniiiiiriil to lliu |>rlli<'l|iiil tliiii|;, ur fur ttio 
■nkr of ayimiHlry. 
AC Ci').M I'A MSI n. Tim prrfnriner In muilc, who tnke» 
llir nrr<iiii|Kiiivinf| purt. iiiufry 

AC Co.M I'A NV, V. I. [Kr. actumnapirr.] I. Togo wllh, 
nr ntlriiil, lu a cumpaiiluii. -J. '1 o l>e Willi aa cdiiiicctiMl ; 
III iillriiit. 

A(MV).M I'A-NY, r. i. I. To nllriid , In Iw nn aa»orlnlr ; 
(oA.«.] Hacon. h. 'I'd oilialill. — ;i. In mu.«ic, In (XTldnii llie 
iirrniiiiianylnD imrt In n rdiiiixMlllnii 

AC roMi'ANYI.Ni;, jtpr. Allvticliiix ; goinR with a* a 

AC COMi'LTCK, n fKr. rompUtf.] An n»*oe\«.'^i In n 
rriino ; a iKirtiirr nr partaker in Ruill- It Him Ibrmcrly 
iiHfd III n RiHiil rcnae fur a C(>-<i)MTiildr, but Iliu sciiiie \a 
wliollv dlwdlflr. 

AC CO.M I'LISII, r. t. [I'r. aeenmpUr.] I. Tn cnniplcte ; to 
tinmh entirely. M. 'In excrute. y. To pain; lo obtain 
nr cflcct by HiirccHifiU PxrrlidiiH. -1. I'n fiillill or bring to 
pond; n.N, 111 a<-ri>m;i/i.«* n prnpticcy. .'). To t'urniiih with 
i)un]llii-H wliii li serve In rciidiT llii; mind or body runiptetr. 

AC-W)M'l'I,, ;»p. 1. I'inislud ; complttPd ; tilllilled ; 
rxccutcil ; ftrtcli'd. 'J. a. Well endowed with good qual- 
itipii nnd nianiicni; complrte In arquireincnts j having a 
flniHlird cducatinii. 3 t'liDliioiinble. Swift. 

AC-C<).M'IM,ISII KK, 71. Dne who accomplishes. 

ACCOM PMSH-INC, ppr. Fini.iliiiig ; completing ; fulfill- 
ing ; rxccuting ; ellecUng ; furnishing with valuable 

AC-COM r:,I.«:n-MK\T, n. 1. Completion ; fulfillment ; 
entire pprformnnce ; as of a prophecy. "-J. 'i'he act of car- 
rying into elfect, or oblaiiiini; an object desicned ; attain- 
ment. 3. Ac<iuiremenl ; thai which constitutes excel- 
lence of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by edu- 

t AC-eO.MPT'. Sr$ Account. 

t Ae-eOMPT'ANT. See AccouNTAHT. 

ACCORD', ;i. [Kr. accord.] I. Apreement; harmony of 
minds ; consent or concurrence of opinions or wills. 2. 
Concert; harmony of sounds; the union of different 
sounds, which is agreeable to the ear; apreement in 
pitch and tone. 3. Agreement ; just correspondence of 
Ihinps. 4. Will ; voluntary or spontaneous motion ; used 
of the will of persons, or the natural motion of other bodies, 
and preceded by owh. 5. Adjustment of a difference ; 
reconciliation. — d. [n lair, an agreement between parties 
in controversy. 7. Permission, leave. 

ACCORD', r. t. 1. To make to agree, or correspond ; to 
adjust one thing to another. Si'rfnei/. 2. To bring to an 
agreement ; to settle, adjust, or compose. Hall. 

AC-CORD , V. i. 1. To agree ; to be in correspondence. 2. 
To agree in pitch and tone. 

AC-CORD'A-BLK, o. Agreeable ; consonant. 

AC-CORD'ANCE, n. Agreement iritA a person; conformity 
vitk a thing. 

AC-CORD'ANT, a. Corresponding; consonant ; agreeable. 

ACCORD ANT-LY, adi\ In an accordant manner. 

AC-Ct)UD KD, pp. Made to acree ; adjusted. 

AC-CORD'KR, II. One that aids, or favors. 

AC-CORDING, ppr. (commonly, though not correctly, 
classed among prepositions.) 1. Agreeing; harmoni/.ing. 
2. t^uitable ; agreeable ; in accordance with. In these 
senses, the word agrees with or refers to a sentence. — 
Our zeal should be according to knowledge : — .^ccordin/r, 
here, has its true participi^il sense, atn-eeintr, and is al- 
ways followed by to. It is never a preposition. 

AC-CORD'ING-LY, adr. Agreeably; suitably; in a man- 
ner conformable to. 

fACeORPO-RATK, r. f. To unite. Millon. 

AC-CO.-^T', r. t. [Ft. areostcr.] I. To approach ; to draw 
near; to come side by siiJe, or face to face ; [nut in use.] 
Q. To f (leak first lo ; to address. MiUon. 

f AC-COST, r. I. To adjoin, i^pe^ncr. 

At'-t'oS'T A RI,K, a. Easy of access ; familiar. 

AC-COST El), pp. Addressed; tirst spoken to. — In herald- 
rv, being side by side. 

AC-COST I NC, ppr. Addressing br first speaking to. 

AC-e"OU-CllEIR , (ak-koo-shure', or ak koo-sbiur') n. 
[Kr.] A.nian who assisu women in childbirth. 

AC cot .\1 ', n. [Fr. conu. Fonnerlv, writers used ac- 
compl, from the Fr. complr.] \. \ sum stated on paper ; 
a registry of a debt or credit, of debts and credits, or 
ch.irj") ; an entry in a h<v,k or on paper of things bought 
or sold, of paymenus, services, &c.. including the names 
of the parties lo Ibe tmnsartinn, date, and price or value 
of th« thing, a. A compui.iiion of debts and credits, or a 
general slalement of particular Slims. 3. A compuUition 
or mivJe of reckoning ; applied lo other things than mon- 
■ey or traiie ; as, th« Julian account of linie. 4. Narm'ive ; 

8 ACC 

rrlallon ; flalrment of fncu ; reeilal of particniar tflBMe- 
llnna nnd evciila, verbal or written ; aa, uii accuunl u( l.'ia 
rrvolullon In Frniice. Ilcncr. .'>. An Oiwignmenl of rea- 
«(>na ; explanation by n recital of (lanirular Irana/icliona. 
<i. Itrnaon or cniiaideratinn, im a tnollve ; tu, on all ac- 
counU. 7. Value; im|K>rUwic<: ; estini.'itinn. f. I'rof.t; 
ndvantage : that ih, a riiiiill nr pru<luctioii worthy of eati- 
iiialidn. (l. iCegnrd ; behalf; aakc ;— a aeiiae deduced 
from rhargea on iaiok : aa, on urcovnl of public allulra. 

A<;-t;ol;',N'l'', r. t. I. '1 o deem, judge, consider, think, or 
liold in opinion. — i!. To acruunl «/, In hold in eateein ; lo 
value. 3. 'J'u reckon, or compute ; tu aasign aa a debt. 
'I'hexc iiRi'M are antiquated. 

AC-COI7.N'T', r. i. I. 'J'o render an account or relation of 
partlculan. S. To give reaaona ; to asalgn the c^iuMra ; lo 
explain ; with fur. 3. Tn render reanons; lo anawer for 
in a rintKinaible character. 

ACCOIINT-A nil/I 'iY,n. 1. The state of being liable lo 
answer for oiie'a conduct. li. Hall. -J. Liability to the pav 
meni of money or of damages ; reaponaihilily for a tro'l. 

AC-C(JUN'I''A-UI,K, a. I. Liable lo be called lu account , 
answerable to a superior, 'i. Hubject to pay, or mako 
good, in caac of loss. 

AC ;COIJNTiA-BLi;-.NE.«.S, n. MableneM to aniwer or t« 
give account ; the stale of being answerable. 

AC-COL'.\'J''A.N'T, n. One skilled in nierranlile aciounli, 
more grnrralty., a person who keeps accounU. 

AC-COUNT'-UyOK, n. A book in which accounts art 
kept. Swift. 

AC-VOV NT ET) , pp. Esteemed; deemed ; coniidered ; rs- 
garded ; valued. — .Accounted for ; explained. 

AC-COUNT'ING, ppr. DetTiing : esteeming ; reckoning; 
rendering an account.* — Accounting far ; reodering au ac- 

AC-COUNT ING, n. The act of reckoning or adjasting ac- 

AC-COUP'LE, (ak-knp'pl) r. t. To couple ; Jo join or link 
together. See Couple. 

AC-COUP'LE-.ME.\T (ak-kuppl-ment) n. A coupling; a 
connecting in pairs , junction. [Little used.] 

t AC-COCR'AGE, (ak-kur'aje) r. t. To encourage. Spnurr. 

t AC-CoURT', B. <. To entertain w:ih courtesy. Spenser. 

AC-e«5U'TRE, ) , . t„„,^,- \ V. t. [Kr. accoutrcr.] in 3 

AC-COU'TER, \ (a*-Koo ler) j freneral sense, to dress ; lo 
equip ; but appropriately, to array in a military dress ; to 
put on, or to furnish with a military dress and arms; lo 
equip the body for military service. 

AC-C<3U'TREI), pp. Dressed inarms; equipped. 

AC-eOUTRLNG, ppr. Equipping with military babiJi 

Ae-ec')Lr'TRE-MEXTS,(ak-koo'tet-ments)n.p;M. ]. Dress 
equiixige ; furniture for the body ; appropriate I y, military 
dress and arms ; equipage for military service. — i. la 
common usaire, an old or unusual dress. 

t AC-COY', c. t. [Old Kr. accei>i>. Todd.] To render qniel 
or diffident ; to soothe ; to caress. Spenser. 

AC-CRED IT, r. t. [Fr. accrcrfitcr.] To give credit, author- 
ity, or reptitation. 

AC-t'RED-I-l'A TIOX, n. That which gives title lo credit. 
[Little used.]^ 

AC-€"RBD'IT-ED, pp. Allowed ; received with reputation ; 
authorized in a public character. Christ. Ob^. 

AC-CRED IT-ING, ppr. Giving aulhorilv or r»pulation. 

AC-CRESCE.\T, a. Increasing. Shuckford. 

AC-CRE'TION, n. [L. accretio.] A growing to; an in- 
crease^bv natural growth. 

AC-CRK'"!'! VE, a. Increasing by growth ; growing ; addi»f 
to bv growth. 

tAC CRIM-I-.Na TIOX, n. Accusation; reproach. 

AC-CRoACII. r. i. [Fr. acrrocArr.] I . I'o hook , or draw 
to as with a hook ■ [obs.] 2. To encroach ; lo draw away 
from another. — The noun accmachment, an encroach- 
ment, is rarely or never used. See E:^croach. 

AC-CROE', (ak-kni') I i. [ Fr. afcr.>!(rc, accra.] iir/T<j/7f, 
to oToif to ; hence, to arise, proceed, or come ; to beaddei!, 
as increase, pmfit or damage ; as, a profit accrues lo gov- 
ernment from the coinage of copper ; a Joes accrues from 
the coinaee of gold and silver. 

fAC-CRCE, (ak-kni ) n. Something that accedes to, c* 
follows the property of another. 

AC-CRCING, ppr. "Growing to ; arising ; coming : bcinjj 

AC-CRC'MF.NT, n. Addition; increase. 

AC-CU-BaTIO.V, n. [L. accubalio.] .K lying or reclining 
on a couch, as the ancients at their meals. 

t -XC-CU.MB', r. i. [L. accumbo.] To recline as at table. 

A€-Cr.M'BEN-CY, n. State of being accumbontorrcclininj. 

A€^€U.M'BE.\T, a. [L. accumheiu^.] Leaning or reclining, 
as the ancients ut their meals. 

f AC-CCM BE.NT, n. One who is placed al a dinner lable. 

AC-CC".MU-L.\TE, v. t. [L. accumulo.'' 1. To heap up; to 
pile ; to amass. 3. To collect or bring together. 

AC-CC'Ml'-L.\TE, r. i. To prow Ui a great size, nuiube;, 
or quantity ; lo increase greatly. 

* Ste S^optU. 1, E, t, o, C, Y, long.— F\R, FALL, VYIIAT ;— PRF.Y ;— PI-N, MARt.NE, BiP.D ;— j ObsoUU 



A&CO MU-LAl'E, a. ColJected into a majiS or qudnlity. 

AC-WMV-hA-TED, pp. Collected into a heap or great 

A.€-€0'iMU-LA-TING, ppr Heaping up; amassing; in- 
cre:ising greatly. 

Ae-eU-MU-LA'TION, n. The act of accumulating ; the 
siate of beuig accumulated ; an amassing ; a collecting to- 

A€-€0'MU-L.\-TIVE, a. That accumulates ; heaping up ; 

.A€-€C'.MU-LA-TOR, n. One that accumulates, gathers or 

Ae'€L'-RA-CY, n. [L. accuratio.] ]. Eiariness ; exact con- 
formity to truth, or to a rule or model ; freedom from 
mistaiie ; nicety ; correctness ; precision wliich results 
from care. 2. Closeness ; tightness. 

ACCURATE, a. [L. accuratus.] 1. In exact conformity 
to truth, or to a standard or rule, or to a model ; free from 
failure, error, or defect. '2. Ltetenuinate ; precisely tiled. 
3. Close ; perfectly tight. 

ACeU-RATE-LYj adv. 1. Exactly ; in an accurate man- 
ner ; with precision ; without error or defect. 2. Close- 
ly ; so as to be perfectly tiglit. Cumstock. 

AC'CU-RATE-NJiAs, n. Accuracy ; exactness ; nicety ; 

AC-CURSE', 'ak-kurs') v. t. [ac for ad, and curse.] To de- 
vote to destruction ; to imprecate misery or evil upon. 
[Harely used.] See Curse. 

.iC-CUKSiED, pp. or a. 1. Doomed to destruction or mise- 
ry. 2. Sei)arated from the faithfUl ; cast out of the 
church ; excommunicated. 3. Worthy of the curse ; de- 
testable ; execrable. 4. Wicked ; malignant in the ex- 

.\C-CO':SA-BLE, a. That may be accused ; chargeable with 
a crime : blauiable ; liable to censure ; followed by -/. 

.VCf'O'S.' NT, H. One who accuses. Kail. 

AC-CU-SA'TIO.\, n. 1. The act of charging with a crime 
or offense ; the act of accusing of any wrong or injustice. 
0. 'J'he charge of an offense or crime ; or the declaration 
containing the charge. 

.\C-CC'i*A-riVE, a. A term g^iven to a case of nouns, in 
grammars, on which the action of a verb terminates or 
falls ; called, in English grammar, the «fr;ectjec case. — Cen- 
suring ; accusing. 

le-CO'SA-TIVE-LY, adr. 1. In an accusative manner. 
2. In relation to the accusative case in grammar. 

.\C-eO'SA-TO-RY, a. Accusing ; containing an accusa- 

AC-CuSE'. r.t. [L. aecu-'o.] 1. To charge willi, or de- 
clare to have committed a crime. 2. I'o charge with a 
faMlt ; to blame. 

Ae-eU!*'Hl), ak-ku?d') pp. Cliarged with a crime, by a le- 
gal process ; charged with an offense ; blamed. 

AC-€C';*'KR, 71. tine who accuses or blames. 

AC-€OS'l.\G, /)pr Charging with a crime ; blaming. 

AC-CUS'TOM, I'. (. [Tr. acconlamer.] To make familiar by 
use ; to form a habit by practice ; to habituate or inure. 

A€-euS'TOM, V. i. 1. To be wont, or habituated to do any 
thing. [Utile used.] 2. To cohabit. [J^Tot tiscd.] Milton. 

f AC-CU.'J'TOM, 71. Custom. Milton. 

Ae-eUS'TOM-A-BLE, a. Of long custom ; habitual ; cus- 
tomary. [Little used.] 

Ae-€US'T05I-A-BLY, adv. According to custom or habit. 
[Little used.] 

f AeeUS'TOM-AjN'CE, Jt. Custom ; habitual use or prac- 
tice. Boyle. 

AC-CUS'TOM-A-RI-LY, adv. According to custom or com- 
mon practice. [Little used.] 

AC€US'TOM-.\-RY, a. Usual ; customary. [Little used.] 

AC CUS'TOMED, pp. 1. Being familiar by use ; habituat- 
ed ; inured. 2. a. Usual ; ol>oii practiced. 

AC CUSiTOM-ED-NESS, 71. Familiarity. 

AC eUS'TO.M-ING,ppr. Making familiar by practice ; in- 

XVV., 71. [L. as.] 1. A unit ; a single point on a card or 
die ; or the card or die so marked. 2. A very small quan- 
tity ; a particie ; an atnm ; a trifle. 

A-CEL'DA-MA, 71. [Ch. Spn, a field, and Non, Ch. Syr. 
and Sam., blood.] A field purcha-sod with the bribe which 
.udaatook for betraying his Master, and therefore called 
the field of blood. 

.\ CEPH'.\-LIST, 71. One who acknowledges no head or su- 

.\ CEPIl'A-IiOUS, a. fGr. a priv. and xt^aXr;, a head.] 
Without a head, headless. — In Ai.s(ttr7/,tlie term Jicephali, 
or .^crphalites, was given to several sects who reluscd to 
follow some noted leader. 

.\-(;EPII'.\-I,US, 71. An obsolete name of the r.rnia or tape 
worm. The term is also used to express a verse defective 
in the beginning. 

ACERB', a. [L.acerbus.] Pour, bitter, and harsh to the 
taste ; sour, with astringency or roughness ; a quality of 
unripe fruit.'t. Q,uincy. 

t A-CEkipATE, r. t. To make sour 

A-C£RB'1-TV, H. 1. A sourne»<, with roughness, or astrio 
gency. 2. Figurauvely, harstioesa or severity kA lempa 
in man. 

A-CER'ie, a. [L. acer.] Pertaining to the maple. Ure 

AC'EK-OUSj a. [L. ocero«iu. ] In tutany, cha/iy ; rtteai 
blinc chaff. 

t .\-CER VATE, r. t. To heap up. 

t A-CEU'VOSEj a. Full of heaps. 

A-CE.S'CE.N-CV , 71. [ L. acescent.] A turning sour by spon- 
taneous decomposition ; a state of becoming sour, tart, 0/ 
acid , and hence, a being moderately sour. 

A-CES'CEAT, a. Turning sour ; becoming tart or acid by 
spontaneous decomposition. 

A-CES'TE, 71. In enlumology, a species of buti^rfly. 

A-CES'TI'(?, 71. [Gr.] .\ factitious sort of chrysucuha, luade 
of Cyprian verdigris, urine and niter. Cyc. 

AC-E-T.\B'U-LUM, n. [L.] Among the Romaits, a vinegar 
cruise, or like vessel. A species of lichen. 

AC'E-TA-RY, 71. An acid, pulpy substance in certain fruits. 

AC E-TATE, 71. In chemistry, a neutral sal', formed by the 
union of the acetic acid with any salifiable base. La- 

ACE-T.^-TED, a. Combined with acetic acid, or radicaJ 

A-CE'Tie, a. A term used to denote a particular acid, 
acetic acid. 

A-CET-I-FI-Ca'TIO.\, n. The act of making acetous ci 
sour : or the operation of making vinegar. 

A-Cii'I'I-F't, r. I. To convert into acid or vinegar. 

AC'E-TITE, 71. A neutral salt, formea by the acetous acid 
with a salifiable base. 

AC-E-TOM'E-TER, 71. [L. ace<u77i, vinegar, and Gr. utrpov 
measure.] .\n instrument for ascertaining the strength of 
vinegar. Ure. 

A-Ce'TOUS, u. Sour ; like or having the nature ef vinegar. 

AC-E-TCSE' a. Sour ; sharp. 

t AC E-TOS'I-TY, n. The state of being acetose. 

A-CE'TUM, 71. [L.] Vinegar. 

ACHE, (ake) r. i. [Sax. ace, ece.] 1. To suffer pain ; to 
have or be in pain, or in continued pain ; as, the hcaU 
aches. 2. To suffer grief, or extreme grief; to be distress- 
ed ; as, the heart aches. 

a€HE, (ake) 71. Pain, or continued pain, In opjwsition to 
sudden tw-nges, or spasmodic pain. 

A-ClIi5'AN', a. Pertaining to ."Vcliaia. 

A-CHERi\'ER, n. The name of a star of the first magni- 

A€II'ER-SET, 77. An ancient measure of com. 

A-CHlr.'VA-BLE, a. That may be perfonned. Barrow 

A-CIIIF,'VA.NCE, 71. Performance. Klyut. 

A-CHIkVE', r. t. [Ft. ac'ierer.] I. To perform, or execute , 
to accomplish ; to finish, or carry on to a final close 2. 
To pain or obtain, as the result of exertion. 

A-CHIeV'ED, (a<heevd') pp. Performed; obtained ; ac- 

A-CHIkVE'.MEXT, 71. 1. The performance of an action. 
2. A great or heroic deed ; something accomplished by 
valor or boldness. 3. An obtaining by exertion. 4. Au 
escutcheon, or ensigns armorial. 

A-CHlliV'ER, 71. One who r'ccomplishes a purpose, or ob- 
tains ^n object by his exertions. 

A-CHIkV'ING, p/)r. Performing; executing; gaining 

a€H'I\G, ppr. Being in pain : suffering distress. 

ACH'IXG, 1. Pain ; continued pain or distress. 

A'CHI-OTE, 71. The anotta ; atree.anda drug used for dye 
ingred. Clavigero. 

A'CHOR, n. [Gr. ax<^p.] 1. The scald head, a dise.Tse furro 
ing scaly eruptions. — 2. In mytholuixy, the god of flies. 

ACII-KO-MATiie, a. [Gr. a priv. and XP'^I"^- <"<'liir.l Ites 
titute of color. Jiehromalic telesro|K'S are lurmrd of a 
combination of lenses, and so contrived as to remedy abei 
rations and colors. 

.\-tMG'U-L,'VR, a. [L. acicula.] In the shape of a needle. 

.■\-Cie'U-LAR-LY, adv. In the manner of needle*, or 

ACID, a. [L. atidas.] Sour, sharp or biting to the taste , 
having tlie taste of vinegar. 

ACID, 71. In chemistry, acids are a class of substances, so 
denominated from their ta.'ite, or the 8<nsation of sour- 
ness which they produce on llie tongue. 

AC-l-DlF'ER-OUS,a. [afu/,and h.fero.] Containing acids, 
or an acid. 

A-CID I-FI-A-BLE, (7. [(mm acidify.] Capable of being con- 
verted into an arid. 

A-CID-I-FI-CA'TIO.N, 71. The act or process of acidifying 
or clianglng into an arid. 

A-CIIVI-KHCD, pp. Made acid ; converted Into an add. 

A-CID'IFI-EK, n. That which by combination forms on 
add, .IS oxygen and hydrogen. 

A-CirVI-FY, r. t. To make acid ; but, appropriately, tocon 
vert into an add. 

• Set Synopsis. MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ;— B'^'LL, UNITE.— C as K, Gai J; S asZ; CM asSH ; TH asin this, t Obsolttt 

A(Xl 10 

A-<''IIV| KV INt:, f>;>r. Miikitii nrlJ ; hiving pciwrr tu 
rtiaxifK liilii nil luiil. 

A('-I'lil Ml' I'l-K. "• '^" I'lalriimenl fur aaccrtnliilng tlio 
•(rriiclli 111 ni 111' ' ' •• 

At'1 Dl.-^r, H. < iiir wliii iiinlnlnin^ tlm itiictrlnii of ncld«. 

A CICM 'I'V, ". |l''r- ari'liti.] 'I'lir i|iirility (if Im-Iiik iKJUf ; 
•luri.*"** ; liirtin'H« ; ii|iiir|>lirii« ti> tlir t.inlr. 

ACM' ^'^>'•'^, >•■ '■')>•* <|ii<>li')' <>l'li> DK ■oiir i nriillly. 

A <'ll>'l'-l..l', n. McdiciMii ii|irliigii liiijiirgimlcil with Rhnrp 

A CID'IM.ATK, r. (. [I.. ar,duluM.] Tu tlngo with an n-iU ; 
III in.ikn mill In n miMlrmlc ilrgrefl. 

A I'll) U-hA-TKI), pp. I'liiKid wlUi iin aclil ; made slightly 

A CIIVir.I.A TINO, ppr. TliigliiR with an nrid. 

AC'I niri.l-:, or A^'IIH'-M'M, ». in chemuiry, a com- 
|N>uiiil H.ilt, In which thn alkaline Ilim I.i Hupenatumtcd 
wlih nrld. 

A (Ml)'ll l.ors, a. |I,. ni-i</u/u.<.] Slightly sour ; subacid, 
or having nn rtrnn of arid. 

A(M-NA«' l-Kttl(.M, a. \\.. arinacti.] In botany, formed 
like, or rriw-nibllng n cinietcr. 

A-t'I.N'll'< »HM, n. [I., rtfiiiu.*, a grape (itonp, and /i/rnia, 
iilinpf.J Having the fnrni of grajics ; being In clusters like 

AC'I-\t)SE, \a Consisting of minute granular concretiona. 

ACi-NOUH, i AVirnn. 

AOI-.N'I'H, n. [I,.] In boianii, one of the small grains, which 
compmw' the fruit of the lilacktierry, &.C. 

AU l-l'K.N-SKK, a. In ichthijolofry, a genus of (ishea. 

A-('IT'I.I, n. A name of the water hare. 

At'K Ell, n. A ripple on tlie surface of the water; a curl, 
rine inoiihl. 

f AC-K.\()\V', (ak-no') r. t. To acknowledge; to confess. 
B. ,/nnton. 

AC K.VoWI.'F.IllJE, (nk nnl'-<-dpe) v. t. 1. To own, avow, 
or admit to be true, by a declaration of assent. 2. To own 
or notice with particular regard. 3. To own or confess, 
ns implying a consciousness of guilt. 4. To own with 
assent ; to admit or receive with approbation. .5. To own 
with pratilude ; to own as a benefit, (i. To own or ad- 
mit to bflong to. 7. To receive with respect. 8. To own, 
avow, or assent to an act in a legal form, to give it va- 

AC-K.\uU'I,'EDftEn, pp. Owned; confessed; noticed 
with regard or gratitude ; received with approbation ; 
owned bet'cre authority. 

Ae-K.\0\VIVEI)G-ER, h. One who acknowledges. 

AC^KNUWL/EDG-INCjipyjr Owning ; confessing ; approv- 

Ae KN0\VL'EDi5-ME\T, n. 1. The act of owning ; con- 
fession. 2. 'J'he owning, with approbation, or in the true 
character. ."?. Concession ; admission of the truth ; as of 
n fact, position, or principle. 4. The owning of a benefit 
received, accompanied with gratitude. 5. A declaration 
or avowal of one's own act, to give it legal validity. 

ACME, (ak'my) n. [Gr.aKftT).] The top, or highest point. 

ACNE, (ak'ny) n. [Gr.] A small, hard pimple or tubercle 
on the face. Qvinctj. 

AC-NES'TIS, II. A part of the spine in quadrupeds. 

ACO, II. A Mediterranean fish. 

t A-eoLD', adr. Cold. Gnirer. 

ACO-EI.N, n. .A bird of the partridge kind. 

A-€OI,'O.THIST, } n. [C.r. okoXovOcu).] In the ancient 

ACO-LYTE, <) f A iircA, a subordinate officer. 

ACONITE, n. [I,, aconitam.] The herb wolPs bane ; and, 
in portry, usea for poison in general. 

A-GON'TIAS, n. [Gr. oKuvrtag.] 1. A species of serpent, 
called dart-snake. 2. A comet or meteor resembling Uie 

t .\-C()I*', adr. [a and cope.] ,\t the top. Jonson. 

X'COR.V, 71. [Sax. arrrn.] The seed or fruit of the oak 

A'CDRX, r. I. To pick up and feed on acorns. 

A'C< )UNF>1), a. Furnished or loaded witli acorns. 

A'CO-itr."^, n. [L.] 1. .Vromatic calamii.', sweet flag, or 
sw<*et nwh.— 2. In natural hiitm-y, blue coral. 

ACO-TY-LE'DON. n. A plant whase seeds have no side 

AC-O-TY-LED'O-XOUS, n. Having no side lobes. 

A-COrfTIC. a. [Gr. aurovtrrni,.] rertalning to the ears, to 
the "en^e or hearing, or to the doctrine of sounds. 

A-COl S Tir.-^, II. 1. The science of sounds, teaching their 
cause, nature, and phenomena.— 2. In medicine, this tenn 
is sometimes used for remedies for deafness. 

Ar-arAINT", r. t. [ Fr. acrointer.] 1. To make 
known ; to make fully or intimately known ; to make fa- 
mdiar. 5. To infirm ; to communicatp notice to. 3. To 
acquaint one's telf, U U) gam an intimate or particular 
knowlrdee of. 

Ae-UCAINTANCE, n. 1. Familiar knowledge ; astate of 
N'Ine acquainted, or of having intimate or more than 
■licht or »up«'rflcial knowlodce. 2. y p^^.^^ ^^ persons 
well known ; tu'iially, persons we have been accustomed 


to »fe and convcnu; with ; lometinet, pemnni mor* allglit- 
ly known. — ^ci/uaiHtaiirrn, In llic plural, u uitcd at a|»- 
|.liod to iiidlvidiiul iM-rwiMM known ; but, more generally, 
aLiiuaintanre U uiu'd fur one ur uu>m. — 4c</iuii»<un(, In a 
lik« lu-niie. Id not UMed. 

ACUI'AI.Ni'A.NCKKHII', «. The quality of being u 
qUi'ilnted. Vhalmert. 

AC tilAI.N'J'EI), pp. Known : familiarly known ; inform- 
ed ; having penional knowletlge. 

AC-tll.'AI.N'I''I.N'G,p;n-. Making known to; (Ivlng ncilce 
or Information to. 

AC-UCI-S']'', M. [L. acnuititiu.] 1. Acqubiltion ; the thing 
gained. Haeon. 2. Conquest ; a plac« aojuired by force 

AC-tiCI-E.'^-'E', (•k..<jue-r!Mi') v. i. [I.. aciimt»co.] I. 'J'o 
rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest witluMit 
oppfMition and discontent. 2. 'i'o aasent to, upon omvic- 
tion. — flciiuienred in, in a fKLsslve aensv ; complied Willi ; 
submitted to without opp<j«ition. 

AC (II;I-1:.S'(;e.\CE, «. .\ quiet assent ; a silent •ubmli 
sion, or submission with apparent content. 

AC-auI-KS'CE.N'T, a. Kestingaatisfled ; easy ; submilting ; 
disposed to submit. Johnton. 

AC-dUl-E^CI.NG, ppr. Uuietly submitting ; reating coo 

t AC-aUT'ET, r. t. To render quiet. Shirley. 

AC-al'I'llA-ULE, a. That may be acquired. 

AC-CiCIRE', r. l. [L. ttiimro.] To gain, by any means, 
something which is in a degree permanent, or which be 
comes vested or inherent in the pixwessor. 

AC-UCIR'ED, (ak-qulrd'j pp. Gained, obtained, or recelv- 
cA from art, labor, or other means, in distinction from 
those things which are bestowed by nature. 

AC-ClUIRE ME.NT. n. 'J'he act of ac4(uiring, or that which 
is acquired ; attainment. It is used in opposition to nal 
ural gifts. 

A<>-CiMR ER, n. A person who acquires. 

AC-QUIRING, ppr. Gaining by labor, or other meant, 
something that has a degree of permanence in tbe pc*- 

t -AC^CiUI'RY, n. Acquirement. Barrow. 

ACaUI-SITE, a. Gained. Burton. 

A€)-aUI-Sl"TIO\, n. [L. acnuisUio.] 1. The act of acquir- 
ing. 2. The thing acquired, or gained. 

AC-aUISl-TIVE, a. Tliat is acquired ; acquired ; [frui im- 
proper.] Walton. 

AC-QUIS I-TIVE-LY, adv. Noting acquirement, with (« 
or for following. Liily. 

t AC-aUIST', n. See AcquEST. Milton 

AC-aUIT', r.t. [Ft. acijuitter.] To set free ; to release or 
discharge from an obligation, accusation, guilt, censure, 
suspicion, or whatever lies upon a person as a charge or 

t AC-'aUIT'MENT, n. The act of acquitting, or state of be- 
ing acquitted ; now suix-rseded by acquittal. South. 

AC^tiUIT'TAL, n. A judicial setting free, or deliverance 
from the charge of an ofl'ense. 

AC-ClUIT'TANCE, n. 1. .\ discharge or release from a 
debt. 2. The writing, which is evidence of a discharge ; 
a receipt in full, which bars a further demand. 

t AC-QCIT'TANCE, r. «. To acquit. Sliak. 

AC-QUIT'TED, pp. Set free, or judicially discharged from 
an accusation j relea-sed from a debt, duty, obligation, 
charge, or suspicion of guilt. 

AC-ClClT'TlNc;, ppr. getting free from accusation ; releas- 
ing from a charge, obligation, or suspicion of euilt. 

t A-CRaSE , or t A-CRAZE', r. t. 1. To make crazy j tu 
infatuate. 2. "To impair ; to destroy. 

AC'R.A-SY, fi. [Gr. OKpacia.] In medical authors, an eicess 
or predominancy of one quality above anoUier, in mix- 
ture, or in the human constitution. Bailey. 

A'CRE, (a'ker) ii. [Sax. aerr, ncrra, or irrrr.] A quantity 
of land, cimtaining 100 square rods or perches, or 4v*40 
square yards. 

A'CRED, (akerd) a. Tossessing acres or landed property. 

ACRID, a. [Fr. acre : L. acer.] Sharp ; pungent ; bitter ; 
sharp or biting to the taste ; acrimonious. 

ACRID-.\ES.'<, II. A sharp, bitter, pungent quality. 

.A€^RI-Mf)'.M-Ors, a. I. Sharp ; bitter ; corrosive ; abound- 
ing with acrimony. 2. Figuratively, severe ; sarcastic ; 
applied to laneuage or temper. 

Ae-RI-MO'.NI-OLS-LV, adr. W'xlii sharpness or bitter- 

ACRI-MO-NY, n. ['L. acrimonia.] 1. Sharpness ; a qnalltjr 
of bodies which corrodes, dissolves, or destroys others. 
2. Figuratirely, sharpness or severity of temper . bitter 
ness of expression proceeding from anger, ill-nature, oi 

AeRI-5Y, Ti. [Gr. a and <rp(<rij.| A state or coodition of 
which no right judgment can be formed ; tiiat of which 
no choice Is made; matter in dispute; iiijudiciousness 
[Little used.] Bailev. 

AC'RI-TUDE, n. [Sc/ .Acrid.] An acrid quality ; bitterness 
to the taste ; biting heat. 

* Sm Sfiu/ftis. X, E, T, f>, r, Y, /onn-.— FAR, FALL, \YH.\T ;— PRgY ;— FIX, MARINE, BIRD ;— t Obsola* 



t ACHI-TY, n. Sharpness ; eagerness. 

A€-RO-A-MAT'ie, a. [Gr. o(cpoa^arj<ro{.J Abstruse; per- 
taining to deep learning. 

A€-RO-AT'te, a. [Gr. aKpoanicoj.] Abstruse ; pertaining 
to deep learning ; and opposed to exoteric. 

AC-RO-CE-IIAU'NI-AN, a. [Gr. aitpa and xtpavvus.] An 
epitliet applied to certain mountains, between Epirus and 

A-€RoMI-ON, 71. [Gt. aKooi and u^oj.] In anatomy, the 
upper part of the spine of the scapula. 

A-CRON'I€, ) «. [Gr. axpoj and w^.] In astronomy, a 

A-eRON'I-CAL, i term applied to the rising of a star at 
sunset, or its setting at sunrise. 

A-€ROxN'I-eAIi-LY, adv. In an acronical manner ; at the 
rising or setting of the sun. 

Ae'KO-.SPIRE, Ji. [Gr. axpo: and ff^rtipa.] A shoot or 
sprout of a seed. Mortimer. 

ACRO-SPIRED, a. Having a sprout, or having sprouted at 
both ends. Mortimer. 

A-€ROSS', prep. 1. From side to side, opposed to alunrr, 
which is m the direction of the length ; athwart ; quite 
over ; as, a bridge is laid across a river. 2. Intersect- 
ing ; passing over at any angle ; as, a line passing across 

A-CROS'Tie, 71. [Gr. axpa and crtxoi.] A composition in 
verse, in which the first letters of the lines, taken in or- 
der, form the name of a person, kingdom, city, Icr. 

A-ekuSiTie, a. That relates to, or centains an acrostic. 

A-CROS'Tl€-AL-LY, adv. In tlie manner of an acrostic. 

Ae-RO-TE-LE0'Tl€, n. [Gr. aicpof and rtXcvrri.] Among 
ecclesiastical writers, an appellation given to any thing 
added to the end of a psalm, or hymn. 

AC'RO-TER. 71. [Gr. aifporjjp.] In architecture, a small 
pedestal, usually without a base. 

A(>-R0-TIIYM'I-ON, n. [Gr. okoos and Ou/iOj.] Among phy- 
sicians, a species of wart, with a narrow basis and broad 
top, having the color of thyme. It is called thymus. 

ACT, r. i. [Gr. ayo), L. airo.] 1. T» exert power ; as, the 
stomach acts upon food. 2. To be in action or motion ; 
to move. 3. To behave, demean, or conduct, as in 
morals, private duties, or public oliices. — To act up !••, is 
to equal in action ; to fulfil, or perform a correspondent 

ACT, v.t. 1. To perform ; to represent a character on the 
stage. 2. To feign or counterteit. [Improper.] Dryden. 
3. To put in motion ; to actuate ; to regulate movements. 
[Obs.] Locke. 

ACT, n, 1. The exertion of power ; the effect, of which 
power exerted is the cause. 2. That whicn is done ; a 
deed, exploit, or achievement, whether good or ill. 3. 
Action •, performance ; production of effects ; as, an act 
of charity. 4. A stale of reality or real existence, as op- 
posed to a possibility. 5. In general, act denotes action 
completed ; but, preceded by in, it denotes incomplete ac- 
tion. 6. A part or division of a play, to be performed with- 
out interruption ; after which the action is suspended to 
give respite to the performers. 7. The result of public 
deliberation, or the decislo.i of a prince, legislative body, 
council, court of justice, or magistrate ; a decree, edict, 
law, judgment, resolve, award, detenniiiation ; as, an act 
of parliament. — ict, in English vnii<ersities. is a thesis 
maintained in public, by a candidate for a tlegree. — /let 
of faith, auto da fe, in Catholic countries, is a solemn 
day held by tlie Inquisition, for the punishment of here- 

ACT'ED, pp. Done ; performed ; represented on the 

A€'Tl-AN, o. Relating to Actium. 

ACT'ING, ppr. Doing; performing; behaving; represent- 
ing the character of another. 

ACT'l.NG, 71. Action ; act of performing a part of a 

Ae-TI.N'O-MTE, 71. [Gr. oktiv and XiOof.] A mineral, 
strahlstein, nearly allied to homblend. 

Ar-TIN-0-L!T'I€, a. Like or pertaining to actinolite. 

ACTION, 71. [L. actio.] 1. Literalhi, adrwins ; hence, the 
state of acting or moving ; exertion of power or force, as 
when one body acts on another. 2. An act or thing done ; 
a dc-ed. — 3. In vtcchamcs, agency ; operation ; driving 
impulse ; effort of one body upon another. — t. In ethics, 
the external signs or expression of the sentiments of a 
moral agent; conduct; behavior; demeanor. — .'j. \n poe- 
try, n series of events, called also tho subject or fable. — 0. 
In oratarn, gesture or gesticulation ; the external deport- 
ment of the speaker. — 7. In physiology, the motions or 

functions of the body,, animal, ntul natural 8. In 

Inir a suit or process, by which a demand is made of a 
riijht ; a claim made before a tribunal. 9. In some coun- 
tries of Europe, action is a share in the capital stock of 
R company, or in the public funds, equivalent to our term 
share : and consequently, in a more general sense, to 
ttncki. — 10. In painting and sculpture, the attitude or po- 


sition of the several parts of the body, by which they m em 
to be actuated by passimis II. Itattle ; fight ; engage- 
ment between trooja in wa. , whether on land or water. 

ACTION-.'V-liLE, a. 'I'liat will bear a suit, or for whichao 
action at law may be sublained. 

AC'TIU.\-A-BLY, ado. In a manner tliat subjects to legaJ 

ACT10.\-A-RY, or ACTIOX-IST, n. In Europe, a propri- 
etor of stock in a trading company ; one wh<iowiisac(i«n« 
or shares of stock. 

t Ae-TI-TA'TIoN, 71. Action quick and frequent. 

t A€TI-VATE. r. a. To make active. 

ACTTVE, a. [l.. activus ; Fr. actif.] 1. That has th« 
power or quality of acting ; that contains the principle 
of action, independont of any visible external force. 2. 
Having the power of quick motion, or di-'posilioii tti move 
with speed ; nimble ; lively ; brisk ; agile. 3. Busy , 
constantly engaged inaction. 4. Requiring action or ex- 
ertion ; practical ; operative ; producing real et'Vcts ; oji- 
posed to spetulative ; as, the ociive duties of life. 

A€T'IVE-LY, adv. In an active manner ; by action ; nim- 
bly ; briskly. 

AGT'IVE-NES.S, 71. The quality of being active ; the facul 
ty of acting; quickness of motion. 

AC-TIY'I-TY, 71. The quality of being active; 'he active 
faculty ; nimbleness ; agility ; also the habit of diligent 
and vigorous pursuit of business. 

t ACT'LEt^S, c. Without spirit ; insipid. 

ACT'OR, 71. 1. He that acts or performs ; an aelive agent 
2. He that represents a character, or acts a part in a play • 
a stage-player. 3. Among civihans, an advocate or proc 
tor in civil courts or causes. 

ACT'RESt", 71. A female who acts or performs, and espe- 
cially on the stage or in a play. 

ACT'LT-AL, a. [Fr. actuel.] 1. Real or effective, or that 
exists truly and absolutely. 2. Existing in act ; real ; in 
opposition to speculative. 

ACT-U-AL'I-TY, 71. Reality. Hau-cis. 

ACT'U-AL-LY, adv. In fact; really ; in truth. 

t ACT'U-AL-NESS, n. The quality of being actual. 

AeT'U-A-RY, 71. [L. actuarius.] A register or clerk. 

AGT'U-ATE, a. Put in action. [I.ittle used.] 

ACT'LI-ATE, V. t. To put into action ; to move or incite to 

AeT'lJ-A-TED, pp. Put in action ; incited to action. 

ACTiU-.\-'riyG, ppr. Putting in action; inciting to ac- 

ACT-U-A'TIOX, 71. The state of being put in action ; el 
fectnal operation. Olanville. 

t A€T'U-OSE, a. Having strong powers of action. 

.\eT'L'.S, n. Among the Ramans, a measure in building 
equal to 120 Roman feet. 

AC'U-.VTE, V. t. TL. acuo.] To sharpen ; to make pungent 
or corrosive. [Little used.] Harvey. 

t AC'U-ATE, a. Sharpened. Ashmole. 

A€-U-Bf,NE', 71. A star of the fourth magnitude. 

A€-U-I"TIO.\, 71. The sharpening of medicines 'o In 
crease their effect. 

t A-eU'I-TY, 71. Sharpness. Perkins. 

A-€C'LE-ATE, a. [L. aculcus.] 1. In botany, having 
prickles, or sharp points ; pointed. — 2. In zoology, hav- 
ing a sting. 

A-€U'LE-I, 71. [L.] In botany and zoology, prickles or 

ACU-LOX, ( n. [Gr. aifuXof.] The fruit or acorn of the 

AG'U-LOS, \ ilex, or scarlet oak. 

A-€0'.MEN, 71. [L.] A sharp point ; and, f-ruratirelf, 
quickness of perception, ths faculty of nice discrimina- 

A-eO'MI-N.\TE, o. [L. acuminatus.] Ending in a sharp 
point; pointed. 

A-€0'.MI-NA-TEn, a. Sharpened to a point. 

A-t;u-.MI-NA'TION, 71. A sharpening ; termination In a 
sharp point. 

At'-U-PU.N€'TUUE, 7i. [l..aeusanA punclura.] Among the 
Chinese, a surgical operation, performed by pricking the 
part affected with a needle. 

A€'ir-RU, 71. In India, a fragrant nioe-wood. 

A'eUf, 71. [E.] 1. The ntedle fish, or gar-fish. 9. Tho 
ammodi/te or sand eel. 3. The oblong cimer. 

A-eOTE', a. [L. af«<ii.».] 1. Sharp at the end ; ending in a 
sharp point ; opposed to bluni or obtuse. 2. higura'irely, 
applied to inenUil powers ; poiietrating ; having nice dis- 
cernment ; perceiving or using minute distinctions ; op- 
posed to dull or stujiul. 3. .Applied to the senses: hnr- 
ing nice or quick sensibility; susceptible of slight im- ' 
pressions ; having power to fp»l or perceive small objects. 
4. An acute disease is one whicli is attended with vio- 
lent symptoms, and comes speedily to a crisis, as a 
pleurisy ; opposed to c /ironic. T). All acute accent is that 
which elevates or shariiens the voice. — f>. In i"u.<ii-, ocu/s 
is applied to a tone which is sharp, .ir high ; opposed to 
ffrare. — 7. In botany, ending in an acute angle. 

t A-eCTE', I', t. To render the accent acute 

See Synopsis. MOVE, BQOK, D6YE ;— BJ.'LL, U.MTE.-C as K ; G as J ; S as Z ; CH as SIl ; Til as in thu f Ob$UtH 

AlVA MANT, n. [(ir. ala)iai ; U. aditmasA 
ini(>onctr!ible slrinp ; n. nnmt: Riven to tin 


A t'V I'K I.Y, aJr. Shiir|>ly -, keenly ; wHn niMdWcriminii' 

d ♦.TTK'NKSM, n. I. Slinrprirm. 3. 'J'lip fiirulty of nice 

dtMsrnimrn( i>i ;>rirp|i(l(>n ; aj>i>litd to l/if urniti, nr the 

V...lrlirr ii( n (ll«'IJ<r. 
i-fl' 'I'IA'TdK, n. In (Ac miilJIt agf,a pcnuin wh^iM of- 

nc« wan III nhiirpon Iniitruineiitii. 
kl). A I.atiM pr<*|Mmltliin, mKnUylna to. — ^d hominem, to 
Ihr iiKin, In liiKlr, ini iirgniiMMit, ocriptol to limrh tllP prr- 

Jllilirrn i>( Itlu |Krnii>n iidilrrn^tU fid im/utrrndum, In tnw, 

n Jiiilirlal wril, ruiiininndiiig ln<)iiiry to Imi ni.-ide. jfd 
Itlntnu. [I,.) Ill plnuiurr.— .'yi/ ralorim, according to the 
riiluf, In comnifrco niid (Inanrr. 
All-At"!"', r. f. [\..nda^u ] To drive ; lo compel. 
\II'A(';K, II. [I,. adiiirium,or adiigw.] A jiroverb , an old 
itayliiK, wliicli h.-u obtninrd crrd.t liy long uiie ; a wbie 
obrirrvillon, Imndcd down from aiillr|ully. 
A-D.^Yil-AI,, II. rrovorliial. Harrow. 
\ l)At;l-<>, II. [It.] In mu.tif, u nlow innvement. — .\» an 

advfrb, hIow ly, lelKurely, and witli 
M)A.\l,ii.[ln ll«-li.(li..>^yr. Kill. Ar.,.)/.iii.] Primnr,ly,lhe 
naniRi>rilii> human ii|M;ci(;<i, miinkilid ; a/ipruprialely, ihe 
first man, (lie progenitor ot the liiininn race. 

AII'AM'S Al' I'l.K. .\ nix-ricii of citron, [.ifeCiTnoit ;j also 
the nrominiMil pnrt of the tliroiit. 

AD'.V.M'."' NHIMll/i;. The popular name nf the plant yurca 

A very hard or 
.iie diamond and 
other'inrcs of extreme hardness, 

AD-A-MA.N Tk'A.N, u. Hard .a.s adamant. Milton. 

AD A-.M.\.N''TI.M', a. Made of adamant : having the quali- 
ties of adamant ; that cannot be broken, dissolved, or 

AIHA.M U;, a. Pertaining to Adam. 

ALt'.VM-lTl>'. In church hintitry, a sect of visionaries, who 
pretended to establish a state of innocence, and, like 
Adam, went naked. 

AD-A.M-IT'ie, a. Like the Adamites. Tayhrr. 

AD-A.\-SO'N'I-.\. n. Kthiopiaii sour gourd, monkey's bread, 
or .\frican calabash -tree. 

A-DAPT, r. t. [Sp. adaptor ; L. ad and apto.] To make 
suitable ; to fit or suit ; as, to adapt an instrument to its 

A-UAI'-T.A-BII,'I-TY, n. The quality of adaptation. 

A-DAPT' .\-HLK, a. That may be adapted. 

AJ)-AP-TA'T10.\, 11. The act of making suitable, or the 
state of being suitable, or lit ; fitness. 

A-DAl'T'ED, pp. t^uited ; made suitable; fitted. 

A DAPT KR. Sec AoopxEh. 

A-I).\PT'IN(}, ppr. Suitinz; making fit. 

A-I).\P'T1().\, II. -Adi'.ptation : the act of fitting. 

r A-D.VPT'NK":*, n. A state ol^ being fitted. 

A'D.Ml, II. A Hebrew month, answering to the latter part 
of February and the beginning of .March. 

A-DXR'CE, n. [Gr. aiapKii.] .\ saltish concretion on reeds 
and grass in marshy grounds in Ualatia. 

A-D.KR'eON, II. In Jewish antiquity, a cold coin. 

A-DAK'ME, n. A J?panish weight, the sixteenth of an 

AIH.A-TI.S, II. A muslin or species of cotton cloth from India. 

t .\-DXU.NT', V. t. To subdue. 

t A-D.\\V', !•. t. Tp daunt ; to subject. Spenser. 

A-DaY?', adr. On or in days ; a.s in the phrase, now adays. 

ADD, r. t. [Ij. addo.] 1. To set or put together, join, or 
unite, as one thing or sum to another, in an aggregate. 
2. To utijte in idea or consider.Uion ; to subjoin. 3. To 
Incre.Tue number. 4. To augment. 

t AD-eciK'ro-R.-\TE, r. t. To unite one body with another. 

ADD'A-P.LK, a. That may be added. 

AD-DEC'I-MATF,, r. t. [L. ad and decimus.] To take, or 
to ascertain tithes. 

ADD'ED, pp. Joined in place, in sum, in or aggregate, 
in number, in idea, or consideration ; united ; put to- 

AIVDERM' r. t. To award ; to sentence. [Ultle used.] 

AD-DF,.\'DUM, 71. [L.] plu. .\odekda. An addition or an 
appendix to a work. 

ADiDF.R, n. [Sax. aettrr or aetti/r.] A venomous serpent or 
viper, of several species. 

AIVDKR-FI,V. II. A name of the dragon-fly. 

AD'DF.R'ii-nRXSS, II. A plant about wliicii serpents lurk. 

AIVDF.R'^ToNGt'E, n. .\ plant whose seeds are produced 
on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue. 

^AlVDKR'^-Wi'iRT, n. Snakeweed, so named from its sup- 
posed virtue in curing the bite of ser|)ents. 
AD-DI-BII/l-TY, II. The possibility of being added. 

AlVDini.K, a. That may be added. Lucke. 

fArVDK'E. See .\dz. 

AD-DirT', o. Addicted. [.V„i much used.] 
*n.DieT'. r. t. |I,. addico.] To apply one's self habitual- 
ly ; to devote time and attention by customary or constant 
practice ; somttimts in a good sense, but mere usually in a 
had one 

n ADK 

AI>-l)lCI''ED, op. l)cvoii-d by cunt/imnry practice 

AiU'lV'i y.DSlJ^, n. liii) quality or ataUi of belu| ed 

AD DK'T'l.N'fi, ppr. Devoting time and attention ; prac- 
llrliiK riiatiiiiiiinly. 

AD DI»;''l'li).N, n. I. The act of devoting or giving up lo 
pnictlcc ) the iilate of being devoted. U. Among the y<o- 
rnann, n making over giMidii t<j another by wile or legal 
wnlrnre -, lUito an UMignment of debton In nervicc lu 
their rrrdiliirn. 

ADD'I.Nfi, ;i;t. Joining', putting togtther ; Incrranlng. 

AUDIT'A-.ME.NT, n. (I,. u<//ii<uinfniuiii.) An addition, or 
ralhrr the thing lidded, ax furniture in a hoUkC -, nny ma- 
terial mixed with the princifial ingredient In a coni|><iund 
[l.itite vjird J 

AD-DI"ri<>.N, n. [\.. additio.] I. The act of adding, op 
p<«ed to .iu//friicii«n or (firninurioii. 'i. .Any thing oJded, 
wliellier material or immaterial. — 3. In arithmetic, the 
uniting of two or more numhem in one lum. — 4. In laic, 
a title annexed to > man's name, to show hi* rank, occu 
pation, or place of residence. — 5. In inunr, a dot at tba 
Ride of^a note, to lengthen its sound one half — li. In her- 
aldry, something qdued to a coat of arma, as a mark ol 
honor. — 7. in liLiti/Zin/^, any thing added to the waxb or 
li(|Uor in a stale of fermentation. — H. In popular language, 
an advantnge, ornament, improvement. 

AIVDI"TI().\-.\L., a. That is added It li used by llacon 
for addition ; but improperly. 

AD I)1"TI<J.N-AL,-LY, adr. liy way of addition 

f AD-DI''TIO.\-A-KV, a. That may be added. 

ADD'I-TTVI^ a. 'Jhat may be added. 

ADIVI 'lO-R V, a. 'Ihat adds, or may add. 

AD'DI.E, a. [\v. hadyl.] In a morbid slate ; putrid ; appli- 
ed to eggs, //rnce, barren, producing nothing. Vryitn 

AD'DLeI), a. Morb.d, corrupt, putrid, or barren. 

AIVDLE^Pa'-TED,^' I "• "^^'"8 e^'Pty ''™'"''- 

ADD'I.l.NGS, II. plu. Earnings ; wages received for work 

AD-DOriM', r. t. See Doom. To adjudge. 

.AD-DfJR.siED, a. In heraldry, having the backs turned to 
each other, as beasts. 

.^b-DRESS*, p. (. [Fr. adresser.] 1. To prepare : to make 
suitable dispositions for. 2. To direct words or (fiscoume ; 
to apply to by words. 3. To direct in writing, as a letter ; 
or to direct and transmit. 4. I'o present an address, as a 
letter of thanks or congratulation, a petition, or a testimo- 
ny of respect. 5. To court or make suit as a lover. — fi. In 
commerce, to consign or intrust to the care of another, as 
agent or fnctor. 

AD-DRESS', n. 1. A speaking to; verbal application ; a 
fiirmal manner of speech. 2. .\ written or formal appli- 
cation ; a mes.*age of respect, congratulation, thanks, pe- 
tition, &c. ; as, an address of thanks. 3. Manner of speak 
ing to another ; as, a man of pleasing address. 4. I'ourt- 
ship ; more generally in the plural, addresses. .S. Skill ; 
dexterity ; skilful management. 6. Direction of a letter 
including the name, title, and place of residence of the 
person for whom it is intended. 

AD-DRESS'ED, (ad-dresf) pp. Spoken or applied to ; di- 
rected ; courted ; consigned. 

AD DRE."^'ER, n. One who addresses or petitions. 

.AD-I)RE.>^ ING, p/ir. Speaking or applying to; directing, 
courting ; consigning. 

AD-DrCE', r. *. [L. addueo.] I. To bring forward, present, 
or offer, i. To cite, name, or introduce. 

AD-DC' CED, (ad-duste') pp. Brought forward; cited; al- 
ledeed in argument. 

.\l>-Dr'CE.\T. a. Bringing forward, or together a word 
applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part 
towards another. 

AD-Dr'Cl-BLR, a. That may be adduced. 

.■\D-Df''riN(J, ppr. Brineing forward ; citing in argument 

.AD-niT'TIO.N, n. The art of bringing forward. 

AD-Dff'TIVE, a. That brings forward. 

ADDIT'TOR, n. [L.] .A muscle which draws one part of 
the body towards another. 

t AD-DULCE', (ad-dulsO r. t. [L. ad and dulcis.] To 
sweeten. Bacon. 

AlVEB, n. An Eevptian weight of 210 okes. F.jKve. 

.\I>-E-LAN-T.VDO, II. [Spanish.] A governor of a prov 
ince ; a lieutenant governor. 

.M>ELI.N"(;, n. A title of honor, given by our Saxon ances 
tors tti the children of princes, and to young nobles. It i« 
compojied of adel, or rather erthel, the Teutonio term for 
noble, illustrious, and linsT, voung, posterity. 

.■VD'E-LITE, n. .Adeliles or .Almoganens, in Spain, wern 
conjurers, who predicted fortunes. 

A-DRMP TION, n. [L. adimo.] In the cirii lav, the revoca 
lion of a grant, donation, or the like. 

AD-E-.NOG RA-PHY, n. [Gr. "f'Tv and ypa^.] That part 
of anatomy which treats of the glands. 

.AD'E-NOID, a. [Gr. afm and cu^of.] In the form of a 
gland ; glandiform ; glandulous. 

• Sm Sf/toptis. 1, fi. I. 0. 0. 7. long—FKR. P^I.L, \YH.\T ;— FRgV ;— PIN. MARI.VE, BIRD ;— f Obsolct$ 


AD-E NO-L06'I-€AL, a. Pertaining to the doctrine of the 

A1)-KNOL'OGY, n. [Gi. airiv and Xoyoj.j In anatomy, 
tlie duclnne of the glanda, tlieir nature, and their uses. 

AD iJ-NUS, 71. A specieg of cotton, from Aleppo, called also 
marine cotton. 

A-DEI'T , n. [L. adcptus.] One fully skilled or well versed 
in any art. 

A-I)i;i'T , o. Well skilled ; completely Teised or acquainted 
with. Bjiyle. 

f A-lJKP''l'lOiV, n. [L. adeptio.] An obtaining ; acquire- 
ment. Bacon. 

Ab'E-CiUA-CY, n. [L. adtrquatus.] The state or quality of 
being equal to, proportionate, or sulficient ; a sulliciency 
for a particular purpose. fVar in Disguise. 

AlHE-ciLJATE. a. il^ual ', proportionate; correspondent 
t« ; fully sufficient. 

t AD'E-UUATE, r. t. To resemble exactly. Shelford. 

AD'li-CiUATE-LiY, adv. In an adequate manner ; in exact 
proportion ; in a degree equal to the object. 

AU'E-UU.ATE-NESS, n. The state of being adequate ; just- 
ness of proportion or representation. 

t AD-K-UUa'TION, n. Adequateness. Bp. Barlow. 

t AU-E!>-I'OT'I€, a. Not absolute ; not despotic. 

AD-ES.SE-NA'RI-ANS, n. [L. adcsae.] In church history, 
a sect who hold the real presence of Christ's body in tlie 
eurliarist, but not by transubstantiation. 

AD-FECT'El), a. In algebra, compounded ; consisting of 
different powers of the unknown quai.tity. Bailey. 

AI)-1''IL'I-A-TEU, a. Adopted as a son. See Affiliate. 

AU-FIL-I-A'TION. n. [L. ad andjiliiis.] A Gothic custom, 
by which the children of a former marriage are put upon 
the same footing with those of a succeeding one. 

AD-1IkRE', v. I. fL. adkcrrco.] 1. To stick to, as glutinous 
substances, or by natural growth. 2. To be joined, or 
held in contact ; to cleave to. 3. Figuratively, to hold 
to, be attached, or remain fixed, either by personal union 
or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion. 4. To be 
consistent ; to hold together as the parts of a system. 

AD-Hli'RENCE, n. 1. The quality or state of sticking or 
adhering. 2. Figuratively, a being fixed in attachment ; 
fidoHty ; steady attachment. 

AD-IlK'RKN-CY, n. The same as adherence. 

AD-IIK'RENT, a. Sticking, uniting, as glue or wax ; unit- 
ed with. 

AD-Hk'RENT, n. The person who adheres ; one who fol- 
lows a leader, party, or profession ; a follower, or parti- 
san j_a believer in a particular faitli or church. 

AD-IIkMII;N'T-LY, adv. In an adherent manner. 

Anill^'RER, n. One that adheres ; an adherent. 

AI)-Hk'!«I(X\, (ad-hC'-zliun) ii. [L. adhin^io.] 1. The act 
or state of sticking, or being united and attached to. Jld- 
he.Hon is generally used in a literal, adherence, in a met- 
aphorical sense. 2. i^m\et\mes, figuratively, adlierence, 
uni(m, or steady attachment ; opinion. 

AD-Hic'.SIVE, a. .Sticky ; tenacious, as glutinous substan- 
ces •,_apt or tending to adhere. 

AD-IIK'SIVE-LY, adv. In an adhesive manner. 

AD-Hic'SIVE-NE.-nS, «. The quality of sticking or adhering ; 
stickiness ; tenacity. 

An-lU\VlT,v.t. [L. adhibeo.] To use, or apply. \Rarely 

An-III-RI"TION, 71. Application ; use. 

.'VD'IIII,, n. A star of the sixth magnitude. 

AD-HOR-TA'TION, 77. [L. adhm-talio.] Advice. 

AD-llORT'A-TO-RY, a. [U. adfiortvr.] Advisory ; con- 
taining counsel or warning. 

t AD-I-APIIO-RA-CY, 71. Indifference. 

AD-I-AI'H O-RISTS, 71. [Gr. aSia(popoi.] Moderate Luther- 
ans ; a name given, in the sixteenth century, to certain 
men that f illowed Melancthon. 

AD-I-Al'iro ROUS, a. Indifferent; neutral. 

1 An-l-APII'O-RY, 71. Indifference ; neutralitv. 

A-1)IE0', (a da ) adv. f Fr. d dieu, to Cod.] Farewell ; an 
expression of kind wishes at Ine parting of friends. 

A-DIEO , 71. A farewell, or commendation to the care of 

A1>-I-P0C'E-RATE, v. t. To convert into adipocere. 

An-I-PDC-E-RA TIO.V, 71. The act or process of being 
chanced into adipocere. 

M)'I-PO-CERE, 71 [L. adeps and cere] A soft, unctuous or 
waxy substance. 

AIVl-PO^E, I a. [L. adiposus.] Fat ; as, the adipose mem- 

AD'I-POUS, ( hrane. 

ADHT, 71. [L. aditus.] An entrance or jiassage ; a term in 
minine, used to denote the opening. 

* AI).t"TION, 71. The act of going to another. 

An-.TA'CEN-CY, 71. [I,, adjarro.] The slate of lying close 
or contiguous ; a bordering upon, or lyinc next to. 

.M)-JA'CF,NT, a. Lying near, close, or contiguous ; border- 
ing upon. 

AD-JA'CEXT, n. That which is next to, or contiguous. 
Locke. \ Little used.] 



AD-JECT , jj. t. [L. adiicio.] To add or put, as one Utlnj 
to another. Mackni^'ht. 

AU-JEf'TIO.N, 71. f fie act of adding, or thing added. 
Brown. [Little used.] 

AD-JKe-TI"T10US, a. Added. Parkkurgt. 

AD'JECJ-TIVE, 71. In grammar, a Word used with a nonii, 
to express a quality of the Uiing named, or something ai 
tributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or de- 
scribe a thing, as distinct from something else. It is call 
ed also an lUttiiutire or attribute. 

AD'JE€-TIVE-LY. adv. In the manner of an adjective 
as, a word is used adjectively. 

AD-JOIN', V. t. [Fr. adjoindre.] To join or unite to ; to put 
to, by placing in contact : to unite, by faileiiing together 
with a joint, mortise, or knot. See Join. 

AD- JOIN', V. i. To lie or be next to, or in contact ; to be 

t AD-JOIN'ANT, a. Contiguous to. Carew. 

AD-JOIN'ED, (ad-joind') pp. Joined to; united 

AD-JOI\'I\G, pur. Joining to : adjacent ; contiguous. 

AD-JOLIR.N', (ad jurn') r. t. [Fr. ajoumer.] Literally, to 
put off, or defer to another nay ; but now used to denote 
a formal intermission of business, a putting off to any fu- 
ture meeting of the same body, and appropriately used of 
public bodies, or private commissioners, intru^sted with 

ADJOURN', V. i. To suspend business for a time ; as from 
one day to another, or for a longer period. 

AD-J6URN'ED, (ad-jurnd') pp. 1. Put oH; delayed, or de- 
ferred for a limited time. 2. As an adjective, existing 01 
held by adjournment. 

AD-J6uRN'ING, ppr. Deferring; suspending for a time 
closing a session. 

ADJOURN'MENT, 71. 1. The act of adjourning. 2. The 
putting off till another day or time specified, or vithoul 
day. 3. The time or interval during which a public body 
defers business ; as, during an adjournment. But a sus- 
pension of business, between the forming of a house am' 
an adjournment for refreshment, is called a recess. la 
Great Britain, the close of a session of parliament is called 
a prorogation ; as the close of a parliament is a dissolu- 

AD-JUD6E', V. t. [Ft. adjuger.] To decide, or detennine, 
in the case of a controverted question ; to decree by a ju- 
dicial opinion. 

a;WUDG'ED, (ad-judjd') pp. Detennined by judicial opin- 
ion; decreed , sentenced. 

AD-JUDG'ING, ppr. Determining by judicial opinion ; sen- 

AD-JUD6'MENT, n. The act of judging; sentence. 

AD-JU'DI-€ATE, v. t. [L. adjudico.] To adjudge ; to tr>- 
and determine, as a court. 

AD-JC'DI-€ATE, v. i. To fry and determine judicially. 

AD-JO'DI-CA-TED.pp. Adjudged ; tried and decided. 

AD-JO DI-C.\-TING, ppr. Adjudging ; trying and deter- 

AD-JU-bl-€A TION, n. 1. The act of adjudging ; the act 
or process of trying and determining judicially. 2. A ju- 
dicial sentence ; judgment or decision of a court. 

t AD JU-GATE, r. t. To yoke to. 

t AD'JU-MENT. 71. [L. a'djumentum.] Help ; support. 

AD'JUNCT, 71. [L. adjunc'tus.] 1. Something added to an- 
other, but not essentially a part of it. — 2. In meia/ihysics, 
a quality of the body or the mind, whether natural or ac- 
quired. — 3. In grammar, words added to illustrate or am- 
plify the force of other words. .Adjunct has been used for 
a colleagu-e, but rarely. JVutton. 

AD'JUNCT, a. Added to or united with ; as, an adjunct 

.\D-J UNCTION, 71. The act of joining ; the thing joined. 

AD-JUNC'TIVE, a. Joining; having the quality of joining 

AD-JUNCTIVE, 71. That which is joined. 

AD-JUN€'TIVE-LY, adv. In an adjunctive manner. 

AD-JUNCT'LY, adv. In connection with ; ronsequenlly. 

AD-JU-RA'TION, 71. 1. The act of .adj'irinc ; a solemn 
charging on oath, or under the [icnalty of a curse. 2 
The form of oath. Jiddison. 

AD-JORE', r. t. [L. ad]uro.] 1. To charce, bind, or com- 
mand on oath, or under the penalty of a curse. 2. To 
charge earnestly and solemnly, on pain of God's wmth. 
3. To conjure ; to charge, urge, or summon with solem- 
nity. Miltun. 

AD-JOR'En, (ad-jurd'l pp. rbarci-d on oath, or with a de- 
nunciation of (Jod's wrath ; solemnly urced. 

AD-JfiR'ER, 71. One that a<ljiiris ; one that exacts an oath. 

AD-JCR'ING, v]<r. Cli.'ircine on «nth,o' on the penalty of a 
curse ; beseeching with solemnity. 

AD-jnST', r. t. [Sp. Qjustar.] I. To make exact ; to fit ; 
to make correspondent, or conformab.e. SintX 2. To 
put in order ; to regulate or reduce to system. 3. To 
make accunite ; to settle or brine to a satisfactory state, 
so that parties are agreed in the result. 

AD-JU.sT'EP, pp. .Made exact or conformable ; reduced ta 
a right fonn or standard , settled. 

» See Synopsis. MOVE, BQQK, DOVE ;— BI.'LL, UNITE.— C as K ; as J j 8 as Z ; CU as SIl ; Til as in this, f ObiolM 


An JUfrrT.n, «. a prmon wtio adJuaU j that which refU- 

AI> J('»n"tNn,;>;'r. I(r(li|pln| tn dtlo rcirtn ; fltling; mnk- 

Ih| Ptnrt rir <-<irrr«,Hiiii|riil , iictlliii(. 
AJ» Jl'ST Mr..N'r, «■ 'I'lifi art of n.ljijiflln|( ; rrKiil.ilInn ; a 

rJiirliix t'l JiHl forin or order ) a iiiiikiiiK 11. or conroriiin- 

ble ; •^lllriiinil. 
A I ir IAN' t'V, n. Theoinceof an BdJuUnt ; akllfui ar- 

I oitrriirnt. Hurkf. 
AI'JI I' \ N"r, n. ( I,. arf/uMn^.] In military afuim, nn of- 

llrrr wlimwi biiilicu*iifi In to luialat the iiinjur liy rrc^lvlni; 

nri.l riiiiiiiiiinirriiiiii; urili-nt. — .IHjutantgentrat, In an ar- 
ray, l< ti.e chlrf ndjulnnl. 
t M> Jf'TK', f. t. To liclp. //. Innnon. 
ArJOI'oK, n A h .,irr. [Uttla UAtd.] 
f AlJ'JU 'IN) KV, a. Ilrlplnn. 
t AD-JI'TKi.; n. ^Iin Willi lirlpn. 

• AD .IC'VANT, a. Ilrlping ; nMlilin|. Ihteell. 

• AD Jir'VA.NT, n. An aMiHtant. 
» AD Ji; VATK, r. t. To hrlp. 

AIH.KOA 'I'ln.V, n. ([-. arf and Irgatin.] In the pu&Iic lain 
of Ikt Herman rmmrrj n riRlll cl.ilinen by the g'aleJ, of 
jnliiinK lhf*ir own iiiinLttcn wlUi lliosc of tlie emperor, In 
nubile trpritiea. 

Al>-I,<) CO riO.V. n. See Allocutiom. 

AD-.MKA^'I'KK, (ad mezh'ur) r. t. 1. To measure or as- 
rerUiln dimensions, size, or capacity ; used fur mmsurt, 

2. To apportion ; to assign to each claimant his riglit. 
ADMKA^'b'llKD, (ad-mezh'urd) pp. Mca:<ured ; appor- 

AD SIKASHRR-MRNT, n. 1. The measurinR of dimen- 
siiins bv a rule. 2. The mexsure of a thine, or dimen- 
sions a.icertained. H. The adjusitmenl of proportionj or 
ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture he) 1 in 
a>mm<)n. Hlackstone. 

AD .MKA*'I;R-F.R, n. One that admeasures. 

AI>-M!', ASTK-INC, ppr. .Me;i«urin(; ; apportionlne. 

AI)-MI:.\-SU-Ua'TIUN ia equivalent to admeasurement, 
but not much used. 

t A J-MRTI-ATt;, V. t. To measure. 

t AD-.MI.N'I-CI.E, n. [I., admiinculum.] Help; support. 

AD..MI-Me'U-I,.\R, a. .^applying help ; helpful. 

AIL.MIN'IS-TKR, r. t. [U. adnitni.-tro.] 1. To act as min- 
ister or chief agent, in managing public affairs, under 
laws cr a constitution of government, as a king, presi- 
dent, or other supreme ofiicer. 2. To dispense ; as, to 
adminutfr justice or the sacrament. :t. To afford, give, 
rtr furnish ; as, to administer relief. 4. 'i'o give, aa an 
oath ; to cause to swear according to law. 

A >-.MI.\'IS-TER, f. «. I. To contribute ; to bring aid or 
supplies ; to add something. 2. To perform the office of 

AD-.MIN'IS TERED, pp. Executed ; managed ; governed ; 
afforileil ; given: dispensed. 

AD-.M1.\-J.-<-Te'RI-A1,, a. Pertaining to administration, or 
to the executive part of government. 

AD-.Ml.VIS-TER-I.\(i, p/ir. Executing ; carrying into ef- 
fect j giving ; dispensing. 

AD MIN'IS-TRA-HLE, a. Capable of administration. 

AD->n.\ IS-TRATE, in tlie place of ai/mtnistcr, has been 
used, but is not well authorized. 

AD-.MI.\.IS-TR.\'T10.\, 71. 1. The act of administering; 
direction ; management : government of public affairs ; 
the conducting of any otiice or employment. 2. The ex- 
ecutive part of government, consisting in the exercise of 
the conr^titutional and legal powers, the general superin- 
tendence ofnationriJ affairs, and the enforcement of laws. 

3. The persons, collectively, who arc intrusted with the 
execution < f laws, and the superintendence of public af- 
fcirs. -1. liispensation ; distribution ; exhibition ; as, the 
adminvitralion of justice. 5. The management of the 
estate of an intestate person, under a commission from the 
prooer authority. 0. The power, office, or commission of 
*a administrator. Blackstone. 

AD-MIN'IS-TRA-TIVE, a. That administers, or by which 
one administers. 

A,') MI\ IS-TR.\'TOR, n. 1. A man who, by virtue of a 
commission from the proper authority, has the charge of 
the gooilsand estate of one dying wiciioiit a will. 2. <1ne 
who administers, or who directs, m.inaaes, distributes, or 
dispenses laws and rites.— 3. In &«f« late, a tutor, cura- 
tor, or guardian. 

AD MI.\-1S TKA TOR-SHIP, n. The office of an adminis- 

AD-MI.N'-IS-TR.^'TRIX, n. A female who administers upon 
the estate of an intestate ; also a female who administers 

> MI RA-HII.'I TV, n. The qualitv of being .admirable. 
AD'MI-RA^IU-K, n. [I,, ad ■mrahilw: .] To be admired ; wor- 
thy of admiration ; having qualities to excite wonder, 
with appnlwtion, esteem, or reverence : used of persons 
or thines. 
AD-MI-It A-nT,E-NnSt5, n The qnal=ty of being admirable ; 
the power of excitmg admiration. 

14 ADM 

AD'MI RA lU.V, adn. In « manner to eiclte Wonder 
tiilricl'-d Willi approb.-itlim, eaterni, or veneration. 

Alf.MrUAI., n. [In tho I.atln of the middle ugeii, amtra, 
aniira/i, admtralui.] A marine coiniiinnder ill chief ; lh« 
commander of a (lector navy. I. 'llic turd hii/h adimrat, 
in threat llritain, Ih an olhrer who ■u[wriiitendii all niari- 
tlmc affaim, and linn the government of the navy. 9 
The admiral of the Jleri, the liifthmt officer under the ad- 
miralty. :i. The rirf admiral la nn olhcer neit in rank 
an<l commnnd to the admiral. '1. 'J he rear admiral ui 
next in rank to the vice admiral. 5. 'i'lie commander of 
any Niiigle Meet, or, in general, any ling oflirer. tj 'I'he 
ship which carries the admiral ; aUo, the miwt coniiidera- 
ble sliip of a fleet. — 7. In loiilojry, a apecieii of aliell Urb 

AD'.MI l(AL .'^Mll', n. 'i'hc olhcc or power of an admiral. 
[l.iltle u-ifrf.J 

AiyMI-RAI, TV, n. In Crent UriUiin, the office of lord high 
admiral. This office la diacharfted by one periwin, or by 
commissloneni, called lurd/i of the admiralty. 'I'he admi- 
ralty eourl, or court of admiralty, Is the supreme C4iurt for 
the trial of maritime causes. In general, a ruurt uf admi- 
ralty is a court fur the trial of causes arising on the high 
sens, aa prizc-causca and the like. 

AD-.MI-RA'TKjN, n. Wonder mingled with plcaaing emo 
tions, as approbation, esteem, love, or veneration ; a com- 
pound emotion excited by something novel, rare, great, or 
excellent. Dryden. 

t.\D MIR.A-TIVE, n. A note of admiration, thus, ! 

AD MIRE', r. f. [I>. nrfmiVor.] 1. To regard with wonder 
or surprise, mingled with approbation, esteem, reverence, 
or affection. 2. To regard with affection ; a familiar term 
for to love greatly. 

AD- .MIRE'. V i. To wonder ; to be affected with slight snr 
prise Ray. 

AD-MIR'ED, (ad-mird') jTp. Regarded with wonder, min 
gled with pleasurable sensations. 

AD-.MIR'EK, n. One who admires ; one who esteems or 
loves greatly. 

AI>-MIR'IN(;, ppr. Regarding with wonder, united with 
love or esteem. 

AD-MIR'ING-LY, adv. With admiration ; in the manner of 
an admirer 

AD-MISS-I-BIL'I-TY, ti. The quality of being admissible. 

AD-MISS'I-BLE, a. That may be admitted, allowed, or 

AD-MISS'10.\, 71. [h. admissio.] 1. The act or practice of 
admitting; the state of being admitted. 2. Admittance ; 
power or permission to enter ; entrance ; access ; power 
to approach. 3. Allowance ; grant of an argument or 
positicm not fullv proved. 

AD-MIT', r. t. [L. admitto.'\ \. To suffer to enter; to 
grant entrance ; whether into a place, or an office, or 
into the mind, or consideration. 2. To give right of en- 
trance. 3. To allow ; to receive as true. 4. 'i'o penult, 
grant, or allow, or to be capable of. 

AD-MIT'TA-ni.E, a. That may be admitted or allowed. 

AD-MIT'TANCE, n. 1. The act of admitting ; allowance. 
2. Permission to enter ; the power or right of entrance , 
actual entrance. 3. Concession ; admission ; allowance. 
[Xot used.] 4. Shakspeare uses the word for the custom 
or prerogative of being admitted. 

,\D-MIT'TED, ;?;). Pennitled to enter or approach ; allow- 
ed ; granted ; conceded. 

AD-MIT'TER, 71. He that cdmits. 

AD-MIT'TINtr, ppr. Permitting to enter or approach ; al 
lowing ; conceding. 

AD-MIX', r. f. To niinsle with something else. Sc; Mix 

AD-MIX'TIO.N, (ad-mix'chun) n. [L. admiitw.] A min 
gling of bodies ; a union by mixing different substances 

AD-MIXT TRE,?!. The substance mingled with another; 
sometimes the act of mixture. 

AD MO.N'ISH, r. t. [I., admoneo.] 1. To warn of a fault ; 
to reprove with mildness. 2. To counsel apain.^t wrong 
practices ; to caution or advise. 3. To instruct or direct. 

AD-.MO.\ ISHED, pp. Reproved; advised; warned; iu 

.AD-MO\'I?H-ER, 71. One who reproves or counsels. 

.\D-MON'I?H-I.NG, ppr. Reproving ; warning ; counsel 
ing ; directing. 

AD-MO.\ ISh-.MEXT, n. Admonition. Shak. 

AD-MO-NI'TION, II. Gentle reproof; counseling against a 
fault ; instniction in duties ; caution ; direction. 

.\D MO-NT 'TION-ER, n. A dispenser of admonitions 

.M)-MON'I-TIVE, a. Containing admonition. Barrow. 

.AD-MO\'l-TOR, 71. An admonisher. a monitor. 

AD-MOX'I-TO-RY,a. Containing admonition : that admon 

.\D-MOR-TI-ZA'TIOX, n. The reducing of lands or tene 
ments to mortmain. 

.AD-MOVE , r. t. [L. admoreo."] To move to ; to bring one 
thing to another. [Little usea.] Brovn. 

• Sit Synopsis. A, E, I, 0, C, T, 

'ong—TX^ F.\LL, WH.^T;_rBBY;-nN, M.\BtNi:, BIRD;— ] ObsoleU 

ADO 15 

t AD-MUR-MU-RA'TION, n. The act of murmuring to an- 

Al)-NAP'CENT, a. Growing onsometliing else. Evelyn. 

AI)-NA'TA, n. [L. ad and natu-t.] 1. In aiiatnmy, one of 
the coats of the eye. 2. Such parts of animal or vegeta- 
ble bodies as are usual and natural. 'J. Ott&els of plants, 
germinating under ground. 

aC'NATH, a. [L. ad and nat}^.] In Jotarfy, pressing close 
to the Htem, or growing to it. 

AU'NULIN, 71. In grammar, an odjective, or attribute. 
UAtlle used.] 

A-TDO', n. [qu. a and do ] Bujtle ; trouble ; labor ; diffi- 
culty ; as, to make a great ado about triltes. 

AI)-(J-1XS'CKNCK, 71. lL. adoleseens.] 'i'lie state of grow- 
ing, applied to the young of llie luiman race ; youtk, or 
the period of life between childhood and manhood. 

AD-O-LKS'CKNT, a. Growing; advancing from childhood 
to manhood. 

AU-0-Nf;'Ai\, a. Pertaining to Adonis. Faber. 

A-Dfj'NI-A, 71. Festivals celebrated anciently in honor of 
Adonis, by females. 

A-L)Oi\'l€, a. Adonic verse, a short verse, in which the 
death of Adonis was bewailed. 

A-UON'l€, 71. An Adonic verse. 

A-t)C)'MB, It. In ini/thulotri/, tlie favorite of Venus, said to 
be the son of t'inyras, king of Cyprus. 

A-Uo'NIS. In botany, bird's eye or pheasant's eye. 

A-Do'NlSTS, 71. Among critics, a sect or party who main- 
tain that the Hebrew points ordinarily annexed to the 
consonants of the word Jehovah, are not the natural 
points belonging to that word, and that they do not ex- 
press the true pronunciation of it. 

t A-IXK)KS , (a-dorz ) adv. At doors ; at the door. 

ADOPT', r. t. [L. adiiptn.] 1. To take a stranger into 
one's family, as son and heir ; to take one who is not a 
child, and treat him as one. 2. To take or receive, as 
one's own, tliat which is not naturally so. 3. To select 
and take. 

A-DOPT'KD, pp. Taken as one's own ; received as son 
and heir: selected for use. 

A-nf)rT'i;i)-LY, ai/r. In the manner of something adopted. 

A-DOl'T'Hll, 71. Une who adopts. 

AIXJ1''1''IN(;, ppr. Taking a stranger as a son; taking as 
one's own. 

A-D01"TI0N, 71. [L. adoptio.] 1. The art of adopting, or 
the state of being adopted ; the taking and treating of a 
stranger ;us one's own child. 2. The receiving as one's 
own what is new or not natural. 

A-nol'T'IVE, a. [\j. adiiptimu.] That adopts ; as, an 
adoptive, father ; or that is adopted ; as, an aduptirc son. 

A-DOl'T'IVK, 71. A person or thing adopted. 

A-Do'RA-I$LE, a. That ought to be adored ; worthy of di- 
vine honors. 

A-Do'RA BLE-NEP3, ti. The quality of being adorable, 
or worthy of adoration. 

A-I)d'RA-l!LY, adv. in a manner worthy of adoration. 

Al)-0-RA'TION, 71. 1. The actof naying honors to a divine 
being ; the worship paid to God ; the act of addressing 
as a eod. 2. Homage paid to one in high esteem ; pro- 
found reverence. 

A-bfiRE', V. t. [L. adoro.] 1. To worship with profound 
reverence ; to pay divine h(mors to ; to honor as a god, 
or as divine. Dryden. 2. To love in thi; highest degree ; 
to regard with the utmost esteem, alfcction and respect. 

A-DoR'EI), (a-dord') pp. Worshipped as divine ; highly 
reve_renced ; greatly beloved. 

t A-l)()l{i;'MENT, 71. Adoration. Broren. 

A-I)dR'ER, 71. One who worships or lionors as divine ; in 
populitr laiiirnafrr, an admiring lover. 

A-UoR'INt;, ppr. or a. Honoring or addressing as divine ; 
regarding with great love or reverence. 

A-l)OR.\', r. /. [L. adorno.] I. 'i'o deck or decorate ; to 
make beautiful ; to add to beauty by dress ; to deck with 
external ornaments. 2. To set ofl" to advantage ; to add 
ornaments to ; to embellish by any thing external or 
adventitious. '^. To make pleasing, or more pleasing. 
4. To display the beauty or excellence of. 

f A-POKN', 71. Ornament. 

fA-OORN', a. Adiirnrd ; decorated. Milton. 

A-I)ORN'ED, (a-dornd') yp. Decked ; decorated ; embel- 

A-DOR.VTNG, ppr. Ornamenting; decorating; displaying 

A-DORN'IN'O, 71. Ornament; decoration. 

♦ A-DORN'MENT. 71. Ornament. Koln<rh. 

AD-OS-eU-LA'TION, 7i. [I,, ad an<l osculntin.] The im- 
pregnation of plants by the falline of the farina on the 
pistils ; the inserting of one part of a plant into another. 

A-DOS'SED, a. [Fr. adossie.] In heraldry, placed back to 

A-DOVVN', prep. \a and dnii^n.] From a hichcr to a lower 
situation ; downwards ; implying descent. 


A-DOWN', adp. Down ; on the ; at the bottom. 

t A-DREAI)', (mired'; a. Atlecied bv dread. 

A-DRI-.A.T'UJ, a. [ E. .^dria,or 1/adria.] Pertaining to Ui« 
gulf, called, from \enice, llie Venetian Gulf. 

A-DRl-AT'lt", 71. The Venetian Gulf. 

ADRIFT', a. or adc. [tsix. admun.] Driven ; floatSng j 
impelledcir moving without direction. 

AD-RO-GaTIO.N, 71. [L. ad and roi'i/.] A species of adop- 
tion in ancient Rome. 

A-DROIT', a. [Fr.] Dextrous ; skilful ; active in the use of 
the handa, and, Jiguratitt y, \n the exercise of trie mental 
faculties ; ingenious ; ready in invention or execution. 

A-DROl'J'LY, adr. \\ ith dexterity ; in a ready, skilful 
manner. Chesterfield. 

A DROIT'.N'I-^.S, 71. Dexterity ; readiness in the use of tiM 
limbs, or of the mental faculties. }lirme. 

A-I)RY' a. [Sax. adriiran.] Thirsty, in want of drink. 

AD-yCI-Tr'TlOUS. a. [L. ascitttivs.] Added; taken as 
supplemental ; additional ; not 

AI)-STRlt'T10.N,7i. [L. adstrielw.] A binding fast ; co»- 
tiveness ; a closeness of the emunctories. 

AlKSTRIC'TO-RV, / £, . 

AD^TRING'E.NT. ^'^ Astiiinge.nt. 

AD-U-LA'RI-A, 71. A mineral deemed the most perfect va- 
riety of felspar. Cleaveland. 

AD-U-LA'TIO-N, 71. [L. adulatio.] Servile flattery ; praise 
in excess ; high compliment, tihak. 

AIVU-EA-TOR, 71. A llatterer ; one wlio offers praise ser- 

AD'tJ-L.\-TO-RY, a. Flattering ; containing excessive 
praise or compliments ; servilely praising. 

AD'U-LA-TRESS, n. A female that Matters with servility. 

A-DULT', a. [L. adultiu.] Having arrived at mature years, 
or to full size and strength. 

A-lJlJLT', 71. A pers(m grown to full size and strengtJi, or 
to tfie years of manhood. 

f AD'ULT-ED, part. a. Completely grown. 

A-DUL'TER-A.NT, n. The person or thing that adulterates. 

A-DUL'TER-ATE, r. t. [L. adultern.] To corrupt, debase, 
or make impure, by an admixture of baser materials. Boy It. 

t A-I)UL'TER-.\TE, v. i. To commit adultery. 

A-DUL'TER-,\TE, a. Tainted with adultery ; debased by 
foreign mixture. 

A-DUL'TER-A-'l'ED, pp. Corrupted ; debased by a mix- 
ture with something of less value. 

A-l)UL'TER-A'i'i:-EV, adr. In an adulterate manner. 

A-DUL'TER-ATE M>S, n. The quality or state of being 
debased or counterfeit. 

A-DIJL'TI2K-A-T1NG, ppr. Debasing; corrupting; coun- 

A-DI'L-TER-A'TIOV, 71. The act of adulterating, or th« 
state of being adulterated ; coirupted or debased by fur 
eicn admixture. 

ADUL'TER-ER, 71. [L. adulter.] 1. A man guilty of adul- 
tery ; a man who sexual commerce with any married 
woman, except his wife. — 2. In Scripture.^ an idolater. 
Kzek. xxiii. 'J. An apostate from the true failh ; a very 
wicked person. Jcr. ix. 4. One devoted to earthly tilings. 
James, iv. 

A-DUL'TER-ESS, 71. A married woman guilty of inconti- 

A-DUL'TER-INE, a. Proceeding from adulterous com- 
merce ; spurious. Hall. 

A-1)III.'TER-I.\E, 71. In the civil law, a child issuing 
from an adulterous connection. 

t A DI'L'TER r/,E, v. t. To commit adultery. 

A-DL'E'TER-OUS, a. 1. Guilty of adultery ; pcrt.ninin« 
to adultery. — 2. In Scripture, iiiolatrous, very wickejT 
Jfat. xii. 

A-DUL'TER-OUP LY, adv. In an adulterous manner. 

A-DUE'TER-Y, 71. [L. adulteriuni.] 1. Violation of the 
marriage bed ; the unfaithfulness of any married person 
to the marriage bed. — 2. in a scriptural sense, all mannei 
of lewdness or unchastity, a.s in the seventh romniand- 
nient.— 3. In Scripture, idolatry, or apost.isy from tlie true 
God. Jer. iii. 

A-DUET NESS, 71. TJie state of beine adult. 

AD-UMiRRANT, a. Giving a faint shadow, or slight re- 

AD-IJ.'M'IIRATE, r. «. [L. adumbro.] To give a faint shad- 
ow, or slight likeness. 

AD UM-BRA'TION, 71. I. The art of making n shadow or 
faint reseinblanre. 2. A faint sketch ; an imperfect re|»- 
resentation of a thing. Hncon.—X In hrraldru, Ihe shad 
ow only of a ficure, outlined, niid painted of a color 
darker {ban the field. 

t Al)-l'-N.\''l'lO.N', 1. The state of being united; union. 

A-Dl'.\'CI-TV, n. {l.. aduneitas.] Ilookcdncss ; a bending 
in form of a hook, .'irhnthnoi. 

A-;H'.N'C(?I'S, 1. ( E. aduneus.] Hooked ; bent, or made 'n 
the form of a lio<ik. Hacon. 

t A IM'iVtiL'E', <i. Hooked. liacnn. 

t A-DCRE', r. /. [1>. aduro.] To burn np. 

•S«« Synopsis. MOVE, BQQK, D6VE ;— BJ.'LL, UNITE.— e as K ; as J ; S as Z ; CH as SH ; 1 H as in this, t Obtolete 



A Dl'HT', a. [I<. nilu/tuj.] lluriit ; Korched ; bocuine dry 
liv lirnt , hut and Uviy. 

A r>l>>'/''r.l), II. IVroiiic hill and dry ; burnt } arurclicd. 

t A |)t'H r t', a- That may iw burnt u|i. 

A i)l>M'i Ki.N, '■• 'I'ho net <if burnhig, ururchinK, ur hcut- 
Iha to (Ir) ncM ', n ntute of bclni Ihiu hraii'd nr drird. 

AI>VAN<'I>. r. t. [Ir. avanrerA I. Tii I ring furwnrd ; 
to niiivr ('urthrr III frnnl. U. 'I o prniiiulo ; tii rumn to u 
li (iii-r rank. '.i. 'i'o Improvo or niiiko liritcr, which in 
rnniiidi-rrd an a proifrr.mun, or moving rmwurd. 'I. 'I'u 
furwnrd ; to nccmenitn Rri wth. .'i. 'I'o olli;r or pro|HMc ) 
to bniiK to vinw or notice. — ll. In mmmrrrt, to ilU|i|ilv bc- 
fiirchuiid ; to furnJuh on rn-dit, or brforr koihI^ iiru dcliv- 
rrriL oi work dono. 7. To raliMt ; to rnhunrL'. 

ADVANC'K', 0. i. 1. To move or Ro forward ■, to prorr-cd. 
i!. 'I'o improve, nr m.iKe prourriut ; to grow bi-ttor, ((rpiil 
rr, WH«r or older. ;i. 'I o rlno in nink, olllcc, or coiiHf- 
qupnre ; to b* pre frrred, or promoled. 

ADVAM'K'. n. 1. A nioviiiK forward, or townrds tli« 
fn>nl. 'J. (imduni proitrriulon ; liiiprovt-nicnt ; («, nn a,t 
I'anct In rrllKion or kriowlcdRi-. 'A. Advanrpiiicnt ; pro- 
motion j pri'frrmrnt. 4. I'lrat hint by way of invita- 
tion , (imt ntpp towards an ngrt'emi'iit. — .1. In trade, 
additional prir« ; profit, li. A RivinR beforehand ) a 
furiiiHliliiK of noniethiiiK, on contract, before an equiva- 
lent i.i reciiiveil. 7. .\ fiirniHliinK of money or poods for 
oth»ni, in exiMTlalion of reimburKemeiit ; or the properly 
no furnished. — In aJi-ance, in front; before; also liefore- 
hand ; before an ecpiivaleiit i.i received. 

AU-VA.'^' t'KI), {ttd-vanst') ;<;». Moved forward ; promoted ; 
Improved ; furnished beforehand ; witiiated in front, or 
liclore the ro»t ; also, old, having reached the decline uf 

AD-VANrK'MENT, n. 1. The .let of moving forward or pro- 
ceeding. 2. The state of being advanced ; preferment ; 
promotion, in rank or excellence; the act of proniol 
ing. n. tk'tllement or. a wife, or jointure. 4. I'rovision 
inaile by a parent for a child. 5. Sloney advanced. 

Al) AA.N't'r.K, n. One who advanrrs ; a promoter. 

An-V.\.\'C1N(., p;)r. Moving forward; proceeding; pro- 
moting , raisiiiR to higher rank or excellence ; improv- 
ing ; supplying beforehand, aa on loan, or ob stuck in 

AD-V A.NTIVK, a. Tending to advance, or promote. 

AnVX.V'TAGt;, ". (Fr. aranta:re.^ 1. Any state, condi- 
tion, or circumstance, favorable to success, |)rosperity, 
interest, or reputation. 2. lienefit ; gain; profit. 3. 
Means to an end ; opportunity ; convenience for obtain- 
ing benelit. 4. Favorable state or circumstances. 5. 
^Superiority, or prevalence over ; with n/or uver. 0. Su- 
periority, or that which gives it. 7. Interest; increase; 
overplus. [Obs.] Skak. f. Additional circumstance to give 

AD-VX.N'TAiiE, v.t. 1. To benefit; to yield profit or 
caln. 0. To promote ; to advance the Interest of. 

Af)-VANT.\(5L-A-ULE, a. Profitable ; convenient ; gain- 
ful. [Utile used.\ 

AD-VAN'TAt; ED, pp. Benefited; promoted. 

AD VX.VTAi;i:-<;U()UM), n. Ground that gives advan- 
tage or superiority ; a state that gives superior advan- 
tages for annoyance or resistance. 

AD-V.VN-TA'GEOUS, a. Deing of advantaee ; furnishing 
convenience, or opportunity to gain benefit ; gainful ; 

Brofita lie ; useful ; beneficial. 
-V.\.\-T.\'t'; EOlJS- LY, adr. In an advantageous man- 
ner; profitably ; iisefnllv ; conveniently. 

AD-VA.N 'rA'»5EOrS-NE.-i.-<, n. The quality or state of be- 
ing advantageous ; profitableness. 

AD-VA.N'TA (';I.\('., p/T. I'riilititii: ; benefitting. 

tAD-VEC-TITIOl'?, a. Brought; carried. 

AD-VkNE', v. i. [L. adi-enio.\ To accede, or come to ; to 
be added to. [LtttU u.ied.] 

AD-Vf:'.\I-E\'r, a. Advening ; coming from outward 

AD'VENT, n. [L. aircjifu.?.] A coming ; ajrpropriatelv, the 
coming of our Paviorjaiid in the calendar it includes four 
Sabbatlis before Christmas, beginning on St. Andrew's 
Day, or on the Sabbath next before or after it, intended 
as a se.x'on of devotion. 

t Al)-VE.\T'INE, a. Adventitious. Baron. 

AD-VEN TT"TIOUS, a. \U. adrrntitius.] Added extrinsi- 
cally ; accidental ; not essentially inherent ; casual ; for- 

AD VEN-'n"TIOUS-r.Y adr. Accidentally. 

AD-VENT'IVF,, a. Accidental ; adventitious. 

AD-VENT'IVE, n. The thing or person tliat comes from 
without. [Little used.] Bacon 
VENT'r-AL, fl. Rel 

■ lating to the season of advent. 

AD-VE.NT'URE n. [Fr. avcnture.] 1. Hazard; risk; 
chance ; that of which one has no direction. 2. An en- 
terprise of hazard ; a bold underuiking. 3. That which 
is put to hazard. 

AD-VENT'URE, r. f. To risk, or hazard ; to put in the 
powerof unforeseen events. 


ADV ENT'I hi:, r. i. To daro ; to try tlic chance. 

Al) N'lvNT'l in:i), pp. I'lit to ha/.nrd : venliired ; riiiked« 

All VKNT'l'll IvK, n. I. One who lm/Jtrd», <ir piiU aums- 

tliiiiK at ri"l>- *''■ '"■" ^'''" >M-°ekii occajnoim of chance, 

or nlliinpln extraordinary rnlerpriiieii. 
AD-V E.N'l'l UEHO.VIi:, u. liold ; daring; Incurring haz- 

Al) Vi;.NT'i:UE-S6ME-NEH8, n. The quality of being 
bold and veiitiiresouic, 

AD-VKN'r'i;it-L\«i,ppr. Putting to rink ; hazarding. 

AD VE-NT'IjU <JlJH, n. Il'r. urenlurruz ] 1. Inrlined of 
willing to incur ha/.ard ; Ixild to enamiitcr danger ; dar- 
iiiK 1 ci'urngeouii ; eiiterpriiting. 2. Full of lia/.ard ; at- 
teniled with risk ; exp<iiiing to danger : requirinit courage 

AD-VE.NT'UK-OU»-EV, adc. IJoldly ; daringly ; in u man- 
ner to Incur hazard. 

AD-VE.\T'1;K.0L;»-.\I>*', n. The act or quality of iwlng 

AD'VIOKll, n. [Ij. adrtrhium.'] In frnmmar, a word tl»e4l 
to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective or at- 
tribute, and usually placed near it; as, he wriica veil 

AD \'EKH'I-AI<, a. rertniiiini! to an adverb. 

AD-VKKIl'l-Ali-LY, adr. In the manner of an adverb. 

t AD-VEIL'S A-HLE, a. ("ontrary to; op|HMite to. 

AD-VEK-KA'RI-A, 71. [L. from ndivrjiu.1.] Among the on- 
rirni.i. a book of accounts. A c^unmon-jJar^ iMMik. 

A1)'VKK-JSA-KY, n. 1. An enemy or foe ; one who has en- 
mity at heart. 2. An opponent or antagonist^ as in a suit 
nt law, or in single combat ; an opposing litigant. 

AD'VE1{-.SA-KY, a. Opposed ; opjxisile to ; adverse. 

AD-VEUfVA-TIVE, a. Noting some difference, contrarie 
ty, or opposition. 

AD-VEU.-s'A-TIVE, n. A word denoting contrariety or 

AD'VERSE, a. [L. adrenruj.] 1. Opposite ; opposing ; act- 
ins in a contrary direction ; contlictiiiK ; coiintenictilig 
2. Figuratiielv, opposing desire ; contrary to the wishes, 
or to supposed pood ; hence, unfortunate ; calamitous , 
afflictive ; pernicious ; unprosperous. 

f AD-VERl^E', (ad-vers') r. t. To oppose. Omeer. 

AD'VEIISE-LY, adr. In an adverse manner ; oppositely , 
unfortunately ; unprosperously ; in a manner contrary K> 
desire or success. 

AD'VERSE-NKAS, 71. Opposition; unprosperousness. 

AD-VERS'I-TY, ti. An event, or series of events, whict 
oppose success or desire ; mi^ifortune ; calamity ; afllio 
tion ; distress ; state of unhappiness. 

.'VD-VERT', p. i. [L. adverto.] To turn the mind or atten- 
tion to ; to regard, observe, or notice ; with to. 

t-Ml-YERT', p. t. To regard ; to advise. 

AD-VERT'ED, pp. Attended to ; regarded ; with to. 

AD-VERT'ENCEj ) n. A direction of the mind to ; atten- 

AD-YERT'E.\-C\ , j tion ; notice; regard; considere- 
tion ; heedfulness. 

AD-VERT'ENT, a. Attentive ; heedful. 

AD-VERT'I.\0, ppr. Attending to ; regarding; observing. 

AD-VER-TISE', r. I. [Fr. arfrtir.] 1. To inform ; to give 
notice, advice or intellipence to, whether of a past or 
present event, or of something future. 2. To publish a 
notice of; to publish a written or printed account of. 

AD-VER-TI?'ED, (ad-ver-tlzd') pp. Informed ; warned ; 
used q/' persons : published ; made known ; u^ed of things- 

* ADVERTISE-MEXT, ti. Information; admonition; 
notice e'^'en. Mure generally, a publication intended to 
give notice. 

AD-VER-TTS'ER, ti. One who advertises.— This title is 
otVii given to public prints. 

AI)-VER-Tr?;'l.Ntj!, ppr. I. Informing; giving notice; 
publishing notice. 2. a. Furnishing advertisements ; as, 
adrrrtisinjr customers. 

AD-\'ICE', Ti. [Fr. aris.'\ 1. Counsel; an opinion recom- 
mended, or oflered, as worthy to tie followed. 2. Pro 
dence ; deliberate consideration, 'i. Information ; notice ; 

AD-VICE'-BOAT, n. A vessel employed to carry dis 
patches or information. 

t AIVVI6 I-LATE, r. t. To watch. 

AD-VT'?A-BEE, a. [See .\dti9e.] 1. Proper to be advised t 
prudent ; expedient ; proper to be done or practiced 
2. Open to advice. &tuth. 

AD-VI'?A-BLE-NESS, n. The quality of being advisable 
or expedient. 

.\D-VISE', r. t. [Fr. arher.] 1. To give counsel to ; to 
offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient to be followed. 
2. To give information ; to communicate notice ; to make 
acquainted with. 

.\D-VT?Ei, r. i. To deliberate, weigh well, or consider. 

AD-VT?'ED, (ad-vizd') pp. 1. Informed ; counseled ; also 
cautious ; prudent ; acting with deliberation. 2. Done, 
formed, or taken with advice or deliberation ; intended. 

.\D-V^SIED-LY, adr. With deliberation or advice ; heed- 
fully ; purposelv ; by design. 

An-V'T?'ED-NESS, ti.' Deliberate consideration ; prudent 

• Se« Synopsi). A, E, f, o, O, T, /on^.— FAR, FALL, WUJ^T ;_.PR£V ;— HN, MARLN'E. BIRD :— f Obsolett 




ADVISEMENT, n. 1. Counsel ; infurmation ; eircum- 
spectioti. 2. Consultation. .Wu.«. Rcporla. 

AD-VlS ER, n. One who gives udvice or admonilion ; also, 
in a bad sense, one who instij^ates. 

AD-VIS'ING, ppr. Giving counsel. 

AD-VIS'ING, n. Advice ; counsel. Skak. 

I AD-VI'SO, 71. Advice ; consideration. 

AD-VI'SO-KY, a. 1. Having power to advise. Jl/odi'aon. 2. 
Containing advice. 

AIJ'V'U-C.V-CY, n. The act of pleading for; interces«ion. 
Brown. 2. Judicial pleading ; law-suit. Chaucer. 

ArVVO-CA-TE, ?i. [L. advocatu-1.] 1. One who pleads tlie 
cause of another before any trilmnal or judicial court. 2. 
One who defends, vindicates, or espouse.^ a cause, by ar- 
gument ; one who is friendly to ; as, an adoocate for peace. 
-In Scri/Jturf, Christ is called an Adcocate for his people. 
— Faculty of advocates, in Scotland, is a society of emi- 
nent lawyers, consisting of about 200, who practii. s in the 
ingliest courts. — Judire adiwcate, in courts martial, a per- 
son who manages the prosecution. 

AD'V'0-GATE, v. t. To |)lcad in favor of ; to defend by ar- 
gument, before a tribunal ; to support or vindicate. Mil- 
ton. Mackenzie. Mitfurd. 

AI)'VO-€A TED, pp. Defende.l by argument ; vindicated. 

AD \'0-eA-TES.S, ;i. A female ad'vocale. 

AD'VO-eA-TIi\G, ppr. Supportingby reasons ; defending ; 

AD-VO-CA'TION, n. A pleading for ; plea ; apology. 

t AD-VO-Ea'TION, n. A flying to something. 

1 ADVO-I.O'TION, Ti. The act of rolling to something. 

AD-VOIJiTREH, 71. An adulterer. 

AD-Vol'TRES.'^, 71. An adulteress. Bacon. 

\ AD VOtJ TROUS, a. Adulterous. 

AD-VOU'TRV, 71. Adultery, \l.ittle used.] Baton. 

AD-VOVV-EE', 71. 1. He that has the riglit of advowson. 
2. The advocate of a church, or religious house. 

AD-V'OWSON, 71. [Norm, avocrir, or aroesan.] In English 
lair, a right of presentation to ft vacant benefice; or, a 
right of nominating a person to officiate in a vacant church 

AD-VOY'ER, or A-VOY'ER, 71. [old Fr. advoes.] A chief 
magistrate of a town or canton in Switzerland. 

A'DY, 71. The abamra, or Thernel's restorative ; a species 
of palm-tree, in the West Indies. 

AD'/, 71. [Sax. adrse ; formerly written in Eng. addice.] .'Vn 
iron instrument having an arching blade athwart the 

A^.. .\ diphthong in the Latin language ; used also by the 
Saxon writers. It answers to the (Jr. at. 'i'he Sax. a: 
lias been changed into e or ca. In derivatives from the 
learned languages, it is mostly superseded by e, and con- 
venience seems to reiiuire it to be wholly rejected in an- 
glicized words. For such words as may be found with 
this initial combination, the reader will therefore searcli 
under the letter /■-'. 

/1>D, ed, end, syllables found in names from the Saxon, sig- 
nify happy ; a.s, F.adric, hajipy kingdom ; Edward, pros- 
pi^rous watch. Oihson. 

A;'1)ILE, 71. [Lat.] In nTicifTit Rome, an officer who had the 
care of the public buildings, &,c. 

i1-;;<';I-LOPS, 71. [Gr. aiyiXud.l A tumor in the comer of 
the eye, and a plant so called. 

A'.'GIS, 71. [Gr. aiyis.] A shield, or defensive armor. 

A:(;'I,0GUE, (eg'-log) n. A pastoral. 

iE-GYP-TrA-eOM, 71. An ointment. 

iEIi, al, alh, or cal, in Saxon, Eng. all, are seen in many 
names ; as in JElfred, Alfred, all peace. Gibson. 

JE.\.V seems to be one form of help, but more generally 
written elph, or ulph ; a.s in JElfirin, victorious aid. Oib- 

./E'O-IilST, 71. [E. JEolus.] A pretender to inspirition. 

^'E RATE, r. f. To conil>ine with carbonic acid, formerly 
called >fr./ air. 

A'lvRA 'ri;il, pp. Combined with carbonic acid. 

A'E-UA 'ri.\(;, ppr. Combining with carbonic acid. 

A-ER.K'Tlo.V. 71. The act or operation of combining with 
r.irbonic acid. 

A-K'UI-AE, a. [E. acrius.l 1. Relonging to the air or at- 
mosphere. 2. Consisting of air ; partaking of the nature 
of air. 3. Produced by air. 4. Inhabiting, or frequent- 
ing the air. 5. Placed in the air ; high ; lofiy ; ele- 
^■iVRI-ANS, 71. In church history, a branch of Ariaii", so 

r.wlled from Aerius. 
• A ERIE, 71. [\V. rri/r.l The ne-it of a fowl, as of an ejgic 

o hawk ; a covey of birds. Shak. 
i I'.R-I-FI CA'TION, 71. The act of combining nir with ; 
tho stale of being filled with air 2 The act of becom- 
ing air, or of changing into an aeriform slate ; the state 
of being aeriform, h'ourcroy. 
t'ER-IFIED, pp. Having air infused, or combined with. 
A l"R-I-l'ORM, a [h. arr an<\ forma.] Having the form 
or nature of air, or of an elastic, invisible fluid. 

A'ER-I FY, r. t. To infuse air into ; to fill with air, or to 
combine air with. 

A-EROG R.V-l'HY, 71. [Gr. ai;p and ypa^w.] A descriptioi: 
of the air or atmosphere ; but aerology is chiefly used 

A'ER-O-ElTE, 71. [lit. arip and Xiflof.] A stone falling from 
the air, or atmospheric regions ; a meteoric stone. 

A-ER-O-LOG l-t'.-VL, «. Pertaining to aerology. 

A-ER-OE'0-<jIST, 71. One who is versed in aerology. 

A-ER-OLO-GY. 71. [<;r. ai;p and Xoyof.] A description of 
the air ; that brancn of philosophy which treats ol^tlie air 

A'ER-0-M.\.\-CY, 71. [Gr. ar/p and (jaiTtea.J Divination bv 
means of the air and winds. [Lilile used.] 

A-ER-OM E-TER, ». [Gr. a»;p and ptrpuv.] An instrument 
for weighing air, or for ascertaining liie mean bulk of 

A-ER-O.M E-TRY, ti. The science of measuring tlie aii ; 
the art or science of ascertaining the lueaii bulk of the 

A ER-O-NAUT, »i, [Gr. ai;p and vavriji.] One who sails or 
floats in the air ; an aeriail navigator, burke. 

A-ER-O-NAUT If, a. Sailing or floating in the air ; per- 
taining to aerial sailing. 

A-ER-0-NAI,'T'ieS, 71. The doctrine, science, or art at 
sailing in the air by means of a balloon. 

A'ERO-N.\I'T-I3.M, 71. I'he practice of ascending and 
floating in the atmosphere, in balloons. Journ. of Science 

A-ER-OS Ci>PY, 71. [(Jr. ar;p and OKCii-rofiai.] The observa- 
tion of the air. [Little used.] 

A'ER-O-ST.AT, 71. [Gr. ai;p and orarof.] A machine or ves- 
sel sustaining weights in the air. 

A-ER-OS-TAT'IC, a. Suspending in air ; pertaining to the 
art of aerial navigation. 

A-ER-0S-TA'T10i\. n L Aerial navigation- the science 
of raising, suspending, and guiding machines in tiie air. 
Adams. 2. The science of weighing air. 

A'ER-Y-LlGHT, in Milton, light as air ; used for airv 

A r .\R', adv. [a and far.] 1. At a distance in place ; to 
or from a distance. — 2. In Scripture, Jiiruratively, estrau 
ged in affection ; .tlienated. 'J. Abisent ; not assisting. 

t A-FEARD', a. [Sax. aferan.] Afraid ; affected with tear 
or apprehension. 

A FER, 71. [E.] The south-west wind. 

."M" FA, 71. .\ weight u.sed on the Guinea coa-'t. 

.\F-FA-IJ1L 1-TV, 71. The quality of being affable; re.-\di- 
ness to converse ; civility and courteousness in receiving 
others, and in conversation ; condescension in manners. 

AF F.\-REE, a. [E. aJTalnlis.] 1. Easy of conversation , 
admitting others to free conversation without reser\e ;. 
courteous ; complaisant ; of easy manners ; condescend- 
ing ; usually applied to superiors. 2. Applied to external 
appearance, affable denotes that combination of featuri'S 
which invites to conversation, and renders a person ac 
cessible ; opposed to a forbidding aspect ; mild ; benign ; 
as, an affable countenance. 

AF'FA-Bi-E-NESS, 71. Aflability. 

AF FA-REY, adv. In an aflable manner ; courteously ; in 

t AF'FA-BROUS, a. Skilfully made. 

AFFAIR', 71. [Fr. affaire.] 1. Business of any kind ; that 
which is done, or is to l)c done. In the plural, it denotes 
transactions in general ; as, human affairs. 2. Matters : 
state ; condition of business or concerns. 3. In the riu- 
gular, it is used for a private dispute or duel, or a partial 
engagement of troops. 

t AF-FAM'ISH, V. t. [Fr. affamir ] To sUrve. 

t AF-FA.M'ISII-.MENT, n. Starvation. 

AF-FkAR'. See Affeeb. 

AF-FECT', r. t. [E. officio, affectum.] 1. To act upon ; (o 
produce an effect or change upon. 2. To act ujioii, or 
move the pxssions. 3. To aim at ; aspire to ; desire or 
entertain pretension to. •). To tend to by natural nlTin- 
ily or disposition, .'i. To love, or regard with fondness. 
C' To make a show of ; to attempt to imitate, in a man 
ncr not natural ; to study the aj)i)earance ol what is ni< 
natural, or real. 

AF FEC-TA'TION, 71. [I,, affeclatin.] 1. An attempt 
assume or exhibit what is not natural or real ; false pre- 
tense ; artificial appearance, or show. 2. Fondness ; af- 
fection. [J\'utuscd.] Hooker. .... 

.\F-FECT'ED, pp. 1. Iinpres.«e(l ; moved, or touched, either 
in person or in interest ; having suffered gome change by 
external force, lot«, danger, and the like. 2. Touched in 
the feelings ; having the feelings excited. 3. Having the 
passions moved.— 1. a. Inclined, or disposed ; followed 
\>y to. 2. «;iven to false show; assuming, or pretend- 
ing to possess what is not natural or real. 3. ,\!«unied 
artifiriallv ; not natural. 

AF-FECT 'EI>-EY, adr. In an afforted manner , hypocriti- 
cally ; with more show than reality ; formally ; sludiou* 
Iv ; unnaturally. ., , , 

AF FECT'ED-NESS, n. The quality of beiDj afleeted ; tf 

Sc4 Synopsie. MOVE, B9OK, 06 VR j-BJJLLjUNITE.— C m K ; 6 «■ J ; S ai Z , CH a« SH j TU m In ikit. t 0»««i«U 


AF-FKfT'lNn, ppr. I. Imi>rr««lnB ; hnvlni nn rffivl nil ; 

lliiirliliiu llir 111 liii(!H ; Miiu Ihi' |i;i««lcilii4 ; rillriii|illii|; 

u liiUr kIkiw ; Kniillv ili'Nirlii|t ', luplrlMR t>i |io««-iiii. — 'J. a. 
llllVIIIK IMiwrr III rirltf, iir lliiivu (ll« |HUuiliiiia j IriiillliK 
to liiiivr III!' alti'cliiinii ; |Hillivllc. 

AF-l''l''("l''l-'^<' ''^1 "''*'■ '■* !>'■ nirfclliiR ninniirr) In n 
mnniirr tn cxciti- ciiiiiIIdiii). 

AK-I'KC'I lo.N, ". I 'I'lic »Uitr iif iK-liig ntrmrtl. [l.UtU 
iu«/.] - I'luwloii. :i, A liciil III' miiiil (owiiriU ii par- 
liciilar oiijrrt, linlilliii; n liilildlr |ilarii lirtwrMi i/i..;>i/ji(iiih, 
ulilrli In natural, nml />m.«ii»i, wliirli la rxritt-il liy tlic 
|irr»rnrp <•( lU cxnllnK <iliJ«TI. 1. A wllli-.l cnod will, 
Idvc, iir 7.fnl<iii« nllacliinrnl ; im, ttir i.Jffclwn i>{ u |iarriil 
/it hif chilli, .'i. Kcalri- ; Inrllimtlon ; |irii|>rnjiily, Riuiil <>r 
evil. Ii. An altriliiilr, iniallly or prii|>irly, utiirli I.h in 
M-paruble fnnii Hi ulijnt ; m), lovr, Irar, anil lidjic uru 
(ijycrdHn* iif llir inlnil.— 7. .Aninnc /lAi/'irKiiii, a (llsca.'ir, 
nr niiy iwniailar iimrlilil atnti! nf tlir Innly ; nx, n cniily 
ajfettwn.—e. In painttng, a lively rrpri-sc'iiUitliin of pa« 

AF-KKC'TIDN-ATi;, a. (I'r. nffrrlionni.] I. iravinR prrat 
love,iiralli'Ctl(in ; hiiiil. 'J. \\arni in afTfrlion ; zoalmiH. 
'X rmrcciliiiK Irimi nllVrtion ; inilicating love ; btnevo- 
lent ; Irmlrr. 

AF-Fl.criM.N ATF--I,V, adv. Willi airtclion ; fondly; 
tenderly ■, kindh . I Thif. ii. 

AF-Fi;t niu.V A'ii;M'.ts><, n. Fondness ; good will ; af- 

AF-FKt'''rMNF,r), a. I. nisp<ispd ; liavine an affection 
of heart. Rom.xw. 2. AllVcled ; cnnreittd. \ijhs.]lihak 

t .AF-FKt'TluLS-I.Y, adr. In an aliectiiiR manner. 

AF-FF,CT'l VE, a. 'I'liat ttlecla, or e.Tcites emution ; suited 
to a/Tect. [Litth used. ] 

AF-FFCT'lVK-LY, adv. In an affective or impressive man- 

AF-FF.CT'OR, or AF-FEeT'ER, n. One that affecU ; one 
that practices allectalion. 

t AF-lKt"l'l'-OL"S, <i. Full of passion. Leland 

t AF-FF.C-'l'U-OS I-TY, n. I'lissionateness. 

t AF-FKFK', r. t. [P'r. affur. To coufiriii. 

AF-FEKR', «. t. [It. ajfcrer.'] In /n;r, to assess or reduce 
an arbitrary penalty ur amercement to a precise sum. 

AF-FEFR'I;D, (af-feerd') yp. Moderated in sum ; assessed ; 
reduced to a certainty. 

AF-FFKK'MKNT, n. The act of affeerinj. 

AF-FFliU'OR.n. One who affeers. Cmrel. 

AF-FET-TU-0'SO, or CON AFFETTO, [It.] lnmusic,a. 
direction to render notes sofl and afl'ectin^. 

AF-FI'A.\CE, n. [Norm, ajjiannce.] 1. The marriage con- 
tract or promise ; faith pledged. 2. Trust in general ; 
confidence J reliajice. 

.\F-FI'AN(-'E, r. f. 1. To betroth, to pledge one's faith 
or fidelity in marriage, or to promise marriage. 2. To 
give confidence. Pojit. 

AF-FI'ANt'EI), pp. Pledged in marriage ; betrothed ; 
bound in faith. 

AF-FI'AN-CER, n. One who makes a contract of marriage 
between parties. 

AF-FI'AN-CING, ppr. Pledging in marriage ; promising 

f AF-FI-DaTIOX, ) „ . , . . 

t AF-FI-l)ATURE \ "■ '^'"'"=»' contract. 

.AFFIDA'VIT, n. (an old law verb in the perfect tense ; he 
made oath.] A declaration upon oath ; a declaration in 
writing sworn to before a magistrate. 

t .\F-FI'EI), (af-fide') a. or pari. Joined by contract j affi- 

t AF-FIEE', V. t. [Fr. afftler.] To polish. Chavcer. 

AF-FIL'I-ATE, r. t. [Vt. ajffilier.] 1. To adopt ; to receive 
into a family as a son. 2. To receive into a society as a 
member, and initiate in its mysteries, plans, or intrigues — 
asen.^ein tchicli tlie word teaj much used in France, during 
the rerolution. 

AF-F1I,-I-A TION, n. Adoption; association in the same 
family or society. 

AF'Fl -NAGE, n. The refining of metals by coppel. 

I AF-FTN ED, (af-rtnd) a Joined by affinity. 

AF-FIN ITY, H. [h. affinitas.] 1. The relation contracted 
by marriage, between a husband and his wife's kindred, 
and hotwccn a wife and lier husband's kindred ; in con- 
tradistinrlion from consaniruinily. 2. Agreement ; rela- 
tion ; Ciiiifi)rinity ; resemblance ; connection. — 3. Inr/icm- 
i>fri/, attraclion ; elective attrariion, or that tendency 
\vhich different species of matter have to unite, and coni- 
Mne with certain other bodies, and the power tliat disixiees 
them 111 continue in combination. 

AF-FIRM', r. f. [L. affirmo.] \. To assert oositivclv ; to 

tell with confidence ; to aver ; to declare the existence of 

something ; to maintain as true ; opposed to deny. 2. To 

make nrm ; to establish, contirm or ratify. [oath. 

AF-FlUM', *. I. To declare solemnlv ; to declare as under 

AF-FIKM'A-Rl.E, a. That may be asserted or declared. 

AF-F1R.M'.\-BLY, adv. In a way capable of affirmation. 

18 AFF 

AF FIRM'AN< F, ". I. fonflnnatlon ; raliAcallon. f 

mTlariliiiii i nmrniHlloii. [/.ittle lued.] 

AF I- llt.M'AN'r, Ti. One who atliriiiii. 

AF Filt.M-A''l'li).N, n. I. 'Jlii; act of nffiniiinf| or njweriiiia 
nj< Iriir. 2. Tliat which lit luiwrted ; |KMitlon drrlaria 
iw true ; averment. 11. (.•■iihriiialiun ; latilicution ; an 
mlnliliHliiiig of what had iM-eii Ixlnre done or decreed 4 
A M ileum declaration made under liie penoltieii nf jicc- 

AF IIKM'A TIVE, a. 1. That affirnm, or nwertJi : d.rlar 
olory of what exiHts ; o|ip<it«ed to nrKalire. 2. roiilirni 
alive ; nitifying. — :). In ulnebra, |ioiiilive. 4. I'lMitive 
diiginatic. [OA».l Taylirr. 

AF FIR.M'A-nVE, n. Thai nidc of a question which affirm 
or maiiilainN : opfKiHed to ntgatite. 

.\F-FIK.M'A-'J'I VlvEY, adv. In an affirmative manner, 
IKwitively ; on the alhrnialive hide of a ipii-xtion. 

AF-FI RM EI>, (nf fiirmd'; pp. Declared ; aiiiierted ; avened ; 
ronfirined : rulitled. 

A F FIRM ER, n. One who affirms. 

AF-FIR.M'ING, ppr. Asserting ; declaring positively ; cort- 

AF-FIX', r. f. [\..afii;n,afJiTum.'\ 1. To unite at the end ; 
to subjoin, annex, or add at itie cl(«e. 2. To alUtih 
unite, or connect with. 3. 'I°o fix or fajiirn in any manner 

AF'FIX, 71. A syllable or letter added to the end of a word 

AF-FIX'ED, (af-fixf) jrp. Lnited at the end ; annexed 

.\F-FIX'ING, ;;pr. Uniting at tlie end ; subjoining; attach- 

AF-FIX'ION, n. The act of uniting at the end, or state of 
lieing so united. [Liltlc used.] 

AF-FIXTM'RE, n. That which is affixed. 

AF-FLA'TION, n. [L. affio,aJjlalum.\ A blowing or breath- 
ing on. 

AF-FLa'TUS, 71. [L.] 1. A breath or blast of wind. 2. 
Inspiration ; communication of divine knowledge, or Uie 
power of prophecy. 

AF-FLICT , r. t. [L. affiigo, tfiicto.] 1. To give to the 
body or mind pain which is continued ; to grieve, or dis- 
tress. 2. To trouble ; to harass ; to distress. 

AF-FLICT ED, pp. Affected with continued or often re- 
peated pain, either of body or mind ; suffering grief or dis- 
tress of anv kind. 

AF-FLKT'ED-NESS, n. The state of being afflicted ; but 
superseded by affliction. 

AF-FEICT'ER, ti. One who afflicts. 

AF-FLICT'INC, ppr. Causing continued pain of body ot 
mind; grieving; distressing. 

.AF-FLICT'ING, a. Grievous ; distressing. 

AF-FLICT'ING-LY, adr. In an afflicting manner. 

AFFLICTION, ti. 1. The stale of being afflicted ; a sUte 
of pain, distress, or grief. 2. The cause of continued pain 
of body or mind, as sickness, losses, calamity, adveibily 

AF-FLICT'IVE, a. Giving pain ; causing continued or re 
peafed pain or grief; painful ; distressing. 

AF-FLICT'IVE-LY, adr. In a manner to give pain. 

AF'FLC-ENCE, n. [L. afflucntta.] 1. Literally, a flowing 
to. [fn this sense it is rarely used.] It is sometimes writ- 
ten afflutncy. — 2. Figuratively, abundance of riches ; 
wealth. Rnaers. 

AF'FLL'-ENT, a. Flowing to ; more generally, wealthy ; 
abounding in goods or riches ; abundant. 

AF'FLUENT-LY, arfr. In abundance ; abundantly. 

AF'FLL'X, 71. [L. affluTum.] The act of flowing to; a 
flowing to, or that which flows to. 

AF-FLIX'ION, 71. The act of flowing to; that which 
flows to. 

AF'FO-RAGE, ti. [Fr. afforrr.] In fVa7Jcf, a certain duty 
paid to the lord of a district. 

t AF-FoRCE'M ENT, 7i. In Ad charters, a fortress ; a forli 
ficalion for defense. Cve. 

AF-Ft'iRD', r.t. [ad, aiid the root of forth, further ; G. 
fVrdeni.] I. To yield or proiluce as fruit, profit, issues, or 
result. 2. To yield, grant or confer. 3. To be able to 
grant or sell with profit or without loss. 4. To be able 
to expend without injury to one's estate. 

.•\F-FoRI)'ED, pp. Yielded as fruit, prtxluce or result 
sold wilhoul loss or wilh profit. 

AF-FORD'ING, p;>r. Yielding; producing; selling wilhou' 
loss ; bearing expenses. 

t AF-FoRD'.MENT, n. Grant ; donation. Lord 

AF-FOR'EST, r. t. To convert ground into forest. 

AF-FOR-ES-TATION, ii. The act of turning ground inte 
forest or wood-land. 

AF-FOR'E.'iT ED, pp. Converted into forest. 

AF-FOR'EST-ING, ppr. Converting into forest. 

AF-FRAN'CHTSF., r. t. To make free. 

AFFRAN'Cin?E-MENT, ti. The act of making free, o« 
liberating. [Little used.] 

t AF-FRAI", r. t. and i. [Fr. frapper.] To strike. 

t AF-FR.AY' r. f. [Fr. effrattrr.] To fright; to terriiy 
t>pcnser. To be put in doubt. 

• Se« iir»nji#w. A,e,i,O,0. i,Icn^. t\H, rAi.L, vVtii>. , -I'SFY ;- PTN, MARINE, BIRD;— * ObroleU 




AF-FRaY', ) n. [Fr. effnnjrr.] 1. In laiP, the figlit- 

AF-FKaV'MENT, \ iiig of two or more persons, iu a 
iml)lic place to tiie terror ot' otiiers. Blackitone. 2. A 
petty figlit ; tumult ; disturbance. 

Al'-FKKItiHT', {af Irite') v. I. To hire a sliip for the trans- 
portation of goods or freight. 

AF-FKKIGIlT'i;i), pp. Hired for transporting goods. 

AF-FRKIGIIT £K, n. The person who hires or charters a 
Bhip or other vessel to convey goods. Walsh. 

AF-FKEI(jiHT'JMKi\T, n. The act of hiring a ship for the 
transportation of goods. Amer. lirv. 

f AF-FUET', n. [It. aJj'rcUare.] A furious onset, or attack. 

f AF-FRIOTION, n. The act of nibbing. Boyle. 

I AF-FRIEND'EU, (af-frend'ed) a. Made friends ; recon- 
ci ed. Spenser. 

AF-FRIGIIT', (af-frlte) v. t. [Sax. frilitan.] To impress 
with sudden fear ; to frighten ; to terrify or alarm. 

AF-F"RIGHT', (af frite') 71. Sudden or great fear •, terror ; 
also, the cause of terror ; a frightful object. 

AF-FRIGHT'ED, ;)p. Suddenly alarmed with fear; ter- 

AF-FRIGHT'ED-LY, ado. Under the impression of fear. 

AF-FRIGHT'ER, n. One who friglitens. 

AF-FRIGHTFUL, a. Terrifying; terrible; that may ex- 
cite great fear^ dreadful. 

AF-FKIGHT'1.\(J, ppr. Impressing sudden fear; terrifving. 

AF-FRIGHT'MENT, n. Atiright ; terror ; the state of be- 
ing frightened. [Hardy ujicd. In common discourse, the 
use of this irurd, in all its forms, is superseded by fright, 
frighted, frightful.] 

AF-FRo.\'T', t). £. [Ft. affronter-l 1. Literally, to meet or 
encounter face to face, in a good or bad sense. Ubs. 2. 
To offer abuse to the face ; to insult, dare or brave open- 
ly ; to offer abuse or insult in any manner, by words or 
actions. 3. To abuse, or give cause of otfense to, without 
Deing present with the jHirson ; to make slightly angry. 

AF-FR6NT', n. Opposition to the face ; open denance ; 
encounter. Obs. 2. Ill treatment; abuse ; any thing re- 
proachful or contemptuous, tliat excites or justilies resent- 
ment. 3. Shame ; disgrace. [JVot usual.] — 4. hi popular 
lansuaae, slight resentment ; displeasure. 

AF-FR6XT'EU,p/yr. 1. IJppnscd, face to face ; dared ; de- 
fied ; abused. 2. In pd/fii/ur /ciiM-un^rc, offended ; slightly 
angry at ill treatment, by words or actions ; displeased. 

AF-FRO^T-EE', a. In heraldry, front to front; an epi- 
thet given to animals that face each other. 

AF-FR6N'i''ER, n. One that affronts. 

AF-Fll6.\T'Ii\G, p/)r. Opposing, face to face; defying; 
abusing ; offering ahusi-, or aiiv cause of displeasure. 

AF-FR(').\'T'I.\G, tt. ('oiitiimeli.'piis ; abusive. 

AF-FRONT'IVE, a. Giving oti'ense ; tending to offend ; 

AF-FR6NT'IVE-NESS, n. The quality tliat gives offense. 
[Little used.] 

AF-FP.«E', r. t. [L. affundo, affusum.] To pour upon ; to 
sprinkle, as with a liquid. 

AF-FOS'EI), (af fu/.d') //p. Sprinkled with a liquid ; sprin- 
kled on ; having a liquid poured upon. 

AF-FO'SING, p/tr. Pouring upon, or sprinkling. 

AF-FO'SION, (af-fu'-zhun) n. The act of pouring upon, or 
Bprinkling with a li(iuid substance, ;is water upon a dis- 
eased body, or upon a child in baptism. 

t AF-F^', V. t. [Fr. nffirr.] To betroth ; to bind or join. 

t AF-FY', r. t. To trust or confide in. 

A-F[Rt-D', (a-feeld') adv. To the field. Milton. 

A-FIRF,', ado. On fire. Oower. 

A-FLAT', adv. Level with the ground. Bacon. 

A-FIjOAT', u(/r. or a. 1. liorne on the water; floating; 
swimming. 2. Moving ; passing from place to place. 3. 
Unfixed ; moving without guideOr control. 

A-I'OOT', ndr. 1. On foot; borne by the feet ; opposed to 
ridini'. 2. In actiim ; in a state of being planned fur ex- 
ecution ; as, a design is afoot or on foot. 

A-l^'oRF.', adi\ or prep. I. In front. 2. lietwcen one ob- 
ject and another, so as to intercept a direct view or inter- 
Course. 3. i'rior in time; before; anterior. In all these 
senses it is now inelegant, and superseded by before. — 
4. In seamen\f in iMr««irc, toward the head of the ship; 
further forward, or nearer the stem ; as, afore the wind- 

A-FORWGO-ING, a. Going before. 

A-FoRE'IIANU, ndr. 1. In time previou.1 ; by previous 
provision- 2. a. Prepared ; previously provided ; as, to 
be aforehnnd in business. 

A-FoKK'MlvN-TIO.N'EI), a. Mentijned before In the same 
writing or discourse. J)ddison. 

A-F(jKI','N AMEI), u. Named before, rcacham. 

A-FoRE'SAIl), a. Said or recited before, or in a preceding 

A-FoKETIME, adv. In time past; in a former time. 

A FOUTV, adu. or (1. Not free ; entangled. Columbiad. 

A FRAID', a. [the participle of affray.] Impressed with 

fear or apprehension ; fearful. This word expresses a 

less degree of fear than tcrryfed or friffklened. 
A-FRESll', adv. Anew ; again ; recently ; alXer lutennis- 

AF'Rl-CA, n. [qu. L. a neg. and /nViw.] One of the foil 

quarters or largest divisiuim of the globe. 
AF'RI€, n. Africa. Shak. 

AF'RI^'AN, I "• I'erUiining to Africa. 

AI''RI-€AN, n. A native of Africa. This name is given 
also to the African niarvgold. 

A-FRuNT', ado. In front. Shak. 

AFT, a. or adv. [Sax. <r/t, eft.] In seamen's langvaee, B 
word used to denote the stern of a ship ; towarod the 
stem. Fore and aft is the whole length of a ship. 

XF'TER, a. [the comparative degree of ajl.] 1. In ma- 
rine language, more alt, or towards the stern <if the ship • 
as, the after sails. — 2. In common languajte, later in tune ; 
ns, an after period of life. .Marshall. In this sense, tho 
word is ol\en combined with Uie following noun, aa in 

X1''TER, prirp. 1. Behind in place. 2. Later in time ; as 
a//fr sup|)er. 3. In pursuit of, that is, moving behind, 
following ; in search of. 4. In imitation of. 5. .Accord- 
ing to. U. According to the direction and inlluence of. 

AF'TI:R, adv. Posterior ; later in time ; as, it was about tlia 
space of three hours after. — jifter is prefixed to many 
words, funning compounds, but retaining ita genuine 

AF'TEK-AC-€0UNT', 71. A subsequent reckoning. 

aF'TER-A€T, n. A subsequent act. 

AF'TER-.A-GE?, n. Later ages ; succeeding times. — 9fler 
aire, in the singular, is not improper. .Addison. 

AF'TKIUAIiL' is a phrase, signifying, when all has been 
considered, said or done ; at last ; in the final result. 

XF'TER-BAND, n. A future band. Milton. 

AF'TER-RiRTH, n. The apjiendages of the fetus, called 
also secundines. fViseman. 

AF'TER-CLAP, n. An unexpected, subsequent event 

XFITER-€6M'ER, n. A successor. 

AF'TKIt-roM'FORT, n. Future comfort. Jonson. 

AF'TKH-Oi.N IIICT, Ti. Subsequent behavior. 

aPTI:K-<(i.\ VIC'TION, n. Future convicti-on. 

AF'TKR-t'OST, n. Later cost ; expense after the executioi. 
of the main design. Mortimer. 

AF'TKR-t'olRSL, n. Future course. Broirn. 

AF'TKR-t'ROP, 71. The second crop in the same year 

AFTER-DAY?, n. Future days. Conp-ere. 

AFTER-EAT-AGE, 71. Part of the increase of the same 

'OR, 71. An endeavor after the first oc 

year. [Local.] Burn. 

former effort, 
t AF'TER-EVE', v. t. To keep one in view. Shak 
AF'TER-GAME, 71. A subsequent scheme, or expedient. 

AF'TER-GU-ARD, 71. The seaman stationed on the poop of 

the ship, to attend the after-sails. 
AF'TER-IIOPE, 71. Future hope. .Tonson. 
AF'TER-IIOUR?, 71. Hours that follow. Shak. 
AF'TER-IG'NO-RANCE, ji. Subsequent ignoranre. 
AF'TER-ING!«, 71. The last milk tJiat can be drawn from a 

cow ; strokings. Orose. 
AF'TER-KING, 71. A succeeding king. S/iuckford. 
AFiTER-LIFE, 71. 1. Future life, or the life after Ibk 

Vn/den. 2. A later period of life ; subsequent life. 
AF'TER-LIV'ER, 71. One who lives in succeeding time* 

AF'TEi{-L(')VE, 71. The second or later love. 
AF'Ti;i!-M AI.'M'E, n. Succeeding malice. Vrydtn. 
AF'TER-MATII, 71. A second crop of grass in Uie MOM 

season ; rowen. Holland. 
AF'TER-MOST, (7. suprrl. In marine lanevage, nevetl 

the stern, opposed to foremast ; also, hindmost. 
AF'TER-N(M).\, 71. 'J'lie part of the day which followi 

noon, between noon and evening. 
>iF'TEK-P.\INi«, 77. The pains wliirh siirreed child-birth. 
AF'TER-PART, 71. The latl.-r part.— In manne lunguagt. 

the part of a ship towards the stern. 
AF'TKR-PI Kt'E, 77. A piece perlbrmed after a play ; a farce 

or other enterlainmeiit. 
AF'TER-PROOF, n. Subsequent proof or evidence ; quali- 
ties kiiown'bV sulis<c|ueiit ex|K-rience. 
AF'TER-RF, PF.NT'A.^''E, n. Subsequent rei>eiilanc«. 
AF'TER-REPt'ltT', n. Subs«>qucnt report. Smth. 
AF'TER-SAIl,!*, 71. The sails on the mizen-uiast and ftofi 

between the main and ml/.en-masts. 
AF'TER-ST ATI",, n. The future state. OlanrilU. 
AF'TER-STl.Nt;, n. Subsequent sting. Herbert. 
AF'TER-SToK.M, 71. A succeeding storm. 
AF'TKR-SI P'PER, n. The lime between supper anti [•lu| 

to bed. Shak. 

* See Sgnopsis. MOVE, BQQK, D6VE ;— BKLL, UMTE.— Cos K ; Gas J ; S .is 7, ; CM is SII : TH as In thit f Ob$oieu 


IKTKfl -HWAHM, n A iwnnii of brm which li^vm Ihr 

hur linn llir llfnt. 
AK'TI'.II rA.~<l'i:, >■■ A tni<t<! w.ilch micrcriU rntliig Bnil 

AK''l'Klt ril<'''<«"'''i "• Ki-tlnctlonii nftrr nn ncl i later 

IhoiiRliI, iir i'i|H-ilii'iit orciirring tin) lain. 
AKTKll Tl.Mi:, n. l^ilccrrilliiK lliiii!. Ilrjiilrn. 
AK'TKIt-'I't ',-<S INC, n. The iwvll or ngitulliiri of llio »ra 

titict n Kldriii. .lilJuon. 

AKTKll \V.\Kl»l4, ! "''"• '" ''"" •" ""'""■•l"'-"' """'• 
AKTr.K-WISI-:, a. W'lufi nftrrwnrili f>r tixi l.ilr. 
ArTKU-Wrr, n. Subuciimnl wll ; wuiili>iii Hint citmen too 

Intr. I.'y.ilranit 
AK'TIIU-WIIATII, n I-ntrr wmth ; nnRir oQi-r tlir provo 

rnllon hiw coa»r(l. Shak. 
AKTKK-WHI TKK, n. A nufrrrdlnR wrilrr. 
AtJA, n In the Turkulniuminion.i, a commander or chief 


• A-<;AIN', fa urn') adv. ffnx./rcnn.ojycn, agran, ongfan.] 
I. A neconil tiinr ; onrt- more. 2. It iiotiii i<oinelhiiig fur- 
ther, ornililllloiinl to onr or more particulars.— ^i'aiii and 
again, iifti-n ; with frrciiirnt ri-pttitioii. 

• A-<JAlNST', {a gcniit') j>rrp. |.<ax. tngrancn.] 1. In oppo- 
sition ; notlnit oninlly or disapprobation. 2. In opposition, 
noting contrariety, contradiction, or rcpiipnance. :i. In 
opposition, noting coin[>ctition, or ditrerent sides or par- 
ties. A. In nn opiHwite direction. :"i. Opposite in place ; 
abre.-uit. (>. In opposition, noting adversity, injury, or 
contmriety to wishes. 7. Bearing upon. B. In provision 
for ; In preparation for. 

t Afi'A-I.AX-Y, n. Want of milk. 

A(5'Al^I.O€H, \ n. Aloes wood, the product of a tree 

A-OAL'LO-eiiUM, \ growing in China, and some of the 
Indian isles. 

AR-AI^MAT'(M.ITE, n. [Gr. aya\fia and X-.Oof.] A name 
given by Klaproth to two varieties of the lanf stone of 

f .AG A-MIST, n. One that is unmirried. Colt:'. 

A.flXPE', adv. or a. (Japing, as with wonder, expecta- 
tion, or eager attention ; having the mouth wide open. 

AG .A-PE, n. [Gr. ayairi/.] Among ti\e primitive Christians, 
a love feast, or feast of cnarity. 

AGA-RI€, 7J. [Gr. ayapi«o>'.] In botany, mushroom, a 
genus of funguses, containing numerous species. 

A-f;XJ*T', or A-GHAST', a. [qu. a contraction of agaitd.'\ 
Htruck with terror, or astonisliment ; amazed ; struck si- 
lent with horror. 

t .\-GATE', adv. On the way ; going. 

AG.\TE, n. [Vr. agate.] A class of siliceous, semi-pellucid 
gems of many varieties, consisting of quartz-crystal, flint, 
horn-Btone, chalcedony, amethyst, jasper, cornelian, heli- 
otrope, and jade. 

AG'ATE, n. An instrument used by gold-wire drawers, so 
called from the agate in the middle of it. 

AG'A-TINE, o. Pertaining to agate. 

AGi,\-TINE, n. A genus of shells, oval or oblong. 

AG'A-TIZEl), o. Having the colored lines and figures of 
agate. Fourcroy. 

AG .-V-TY, a. Of the nature of agate. Woodward. 

A-GA'VE, n. [Gr. ayavo;.] 1. The American aloe. 2. A 
genus of univalvular shells. 

t A-fSAZE', r. t. To strike with amazement. 

t A-GAZ'ED, (a-gizd') pp. Struck with amazement. 

AGE, n. [Fr. age.] 1. The whole duration of a being, 
whether animal, vegetable, or other kind. 2. That part 
of the diinition of a being, which is between its beginning 
and any given time. 3. The latter part of life, or long 
continued duration ; oldncss. 4. A cert.iin period of hu- 
man life, marked by a difference of state. 5. The period 
when a person is enabled by law to do certain acts for 
himself, or when he ceases to be controlled by parents 
or guardians ; as, in our country, both males and females 
are of age at twenty-one years old. fi. Mature years ; 
ripeness of strength or discretion. 7. The time of life for 
conceiving children. 8. A particular period of time, as 
distingnislied from others ; as, the golden nge. 9. The 
people who li .e at a p.articular period ; hence, a genera- 
tion and a succession of gei.eiations ; as, ages yet unborn. 
10. A century ; the period of one hundred years. 

/ GEO, a. 1. Old ; having lived long -. having lived almost 
the usual time allotted to that species of being ; applied 
to animals or plants. 2. Having a certain age; having 
lived ; as, a man aged forty years. 

A'GEO, H. Old persons. 

A GED-I.Y. adr After the manner of an aged person. 

t A-GEN', Li again. ^ ' 

X GEN (^Y, n. [I,, ojr"".! 1. The qualitv of moving or of 
exerting power ; the state of being in action ; action ; op- 
eration ; instnimentality ; n.i,tho agnicy of Providence in 
the natural world. 2. The office of an agent or factor ■ busi- 
ness of an agent intrusted with the concerns of another. 

20 A(jO 

AU'END, A-OK.MVt'M, n. .Matter relating to the service ol 

Hie rliiirrh. 
A Gi;.NH' A, n. [I., thtngi la be done.] A nieiiiomnduDi- 

I'lMik ; tliu iiervice or oilice of u church ) u iilual or III- 

A'Gl.NT, a. Acting; opi^iscd U> patient ; an, the Urdy 

agent. [ l.ilUe uted.] haeon. 
A'GIC.N'I', ». I. An acloi ; one that exerts p<iwrr, or lias the 

(lowrr to act. 2. An active (Hiwer or cuiim: ; that uliuh 
laji the iiower to produce nn effect. M. A niilxllliite, dep 
iity, or factor ; one entrusted with Die biuinem of another , 
nn alloriiey ; a minister. 

\ A GE.NT SIIIP, n. 'I'hc ofUce of an agent. We now u»e 

t AG GEL, A'TIO.V, n [I., gelu.] Concretion of a fluid. 

t AG-GEN-ER A TIO.N, n. [E. ad and generatio.] Tb« 
state of growing to another, liroirn. 

f Afl'GEK, n. [E.] A fortress, or mound. Ifearnt. 

t A(;'GEU ATE, V. t. (E. aggero.] To heap 

AG-GEK-a'TKJ.N, n. A heaping ; accumulation. Ray. 

t AG GEK-nSE', a. Full of heaps. 

A(;-^;L0M'EII-ATE, v.t. (E. aggl„mero.] To wind, ot 
collect into a ball ; to gather into a mans. 

A(;-<JI.O.M'ER-ATE, v. i. To gather, grow, or collect into 
a ball or mass. Thinnson. 

A(J-(;E0.M'EII-A-TEI), pp. Wound or collected into a ball. 

AG GLO.M'EIl-A-TING,;;pr. Winding into a ball ; gather- 
ing into a lump. 

AG-f;LO.M-EK-A'TION, n. The act of winding into a ttall ; 
the state of being gathered into a ball or mass. 

AGGEu'TI-NANT, n. Any viscous substance which nniles 
other substances by causing an adhesion ; any application 
which tends to unite parts which have too little adhesion 

AG-GLO'TI-N.\NT, a. Uniting as glue ; tending to cause 

AG-GEU'TI-N \TE, ». f. [I,, agglutino.] To unite, or cause 
to adhere, as with glue ; to unite by causing an adhesion 
of substances. 

AG-fiLf'TI-NA-TED, pp. Glued together. 

AG-GLu'TI-NA-TING, ppr. Gluing together; uniting by 
causing adhes'on. 

AG-(JLU-TI-Na'TION', 71. The act of uniting by glue or 
other tenacious substance ; the st.-ite of beii.g th-js united 

AG-GLu'TI-XA-TIVE, a. That tends to unite, or has pow- 
er to cause adhesion. 

t AG GRACF', f. (. To favor. Spenser. 

t AG-GR.aCE', n. Kindness ; favor. Spenser. 

AG-GR.'VN-I)I-Za'TION, n. The act of aggrandizing. 

AG'GRAN-DIZE, r. t. [Fr. agrandir.] 1. To make great 
or greater in power, rank, or honor ; to exalt. 2. To en- 
large, applied to things. 

AG'GR.VN-DIZED. pp. Made great or greater; exalted ; 

*AG-GRAN'DIZF^ME.\T, n. The act of aggrandizing ; 
the state of being exalted in power, rank, or honor ; ex- 
altation ; enlargement. 

AG'GRAN-DT-ZER, n. One that aggrandizes or exalts in 
power, rank, or honor. 

AG'GRAN-UI-ZING, ppr. Making great; exalting; en 

t AG GRATE', r. t. [It.] To please. Spenser. 

t AG GR.\-V.\-BLE, a. Making a thing worse. 

AG GRA-VATE, r. t. [L. aggraro.] 1. To make heavy, 
but not used in this literal sen.<e. Figuratively, to make 
worse, more severe, or less tolerable. 2. To make more 
enormous, or less excusable. 3. To exaggerate. 4. To 
give coloring in description ; to give an exaggerated rep- 

.\G'GRA V.\-TEn, pp. Increased in severity or enormity ; 
made worse ; exaggerated. 

AG'GRA-VA-TI.\G, ppr. Increasing in severity, enormity, 
or degree ; as evils, misfortunes, pain, punishment, 
crimes'", guilt, &c. ; exaggerating. 

AG-GRA-Va'TION, n. 1. The act of making worse, used 
of evils, natural or moral ; the act of incre.-isiiig severity 
or heinousness ; addition to that which is evil or improper 
2. Exaggerated representation, or heightened de-scriptioa 
of any thing wrong, improper, or unnatural. .idJtson. 

AG'GRE G.\TE, r. t. [E. aggrego.] To bring together ; to 
collect particulars into a sum, mass, or body. 

AG'GRE-G ATE, a. Formed by acolleaion of particulan in 
to a whole mass or sum. 

AG'GRE-G ATE, n. A sum, mass, or assemblage of particu- 

AG'GRF^A-TED, pp. Collected into a sum, mass, or sr*- 

AG'GRF.-GATE-EY, adr. Collectively. 

AG'GRE-G A-TING, ppr. Collecting into a sum or mass. 

AG-GRE-Ga'TIOX, ti. 1. The act of aggregating ; the state 

of being collected into a sum ot mass ; a collection of par 

ticulars ; an aggregate. — 2. In ehemistry, the affinity of 

1 1 agaregation is the power which causes homogeneoo* 

•«e« Synopsis. A, E, r, o, 0. •?, long.—r\V., F.U.I., WHAT ;— PREV ,— PIN. MARTNE, BIRD ;— t Obsolttt 

AGN 21 

dodies to tend towards each other, and to cohere, when 
united. 3. The union and coherence of bodies of the 
same nature. 

AG'GREi-GA-TIVE, a. Taken together; collective. 

AG'GRE-GA-TOU, n. He tliat collects into a whole or mass. 

AG-ORESS', V. 1. [L. aggredlor, atrirresau.i.^ To make a 
first attack ; to commit the first act of hd.'stility or ; 
to begin a quarrel or controversy ; to aAtault first, or in- 

t AG-GRESS', n. Aggression. Ifale. 

AG-CRE.'>S'IXG, ppr. Commencing hostility first; making 
the first attack. 

AG-GRES<'10.\, n. The first attack, or act of hostility -, tlie 
first act of injury, or first act leading to war or contro- 

AO-GRESS'IVE, a. Tending to aggress; making the first 
attack. Clarkson. 

AG-GRESS'OR, n. The person who first attacks; he who 
first commences hostility or a quarrel ; an a.<isaulter ; an 

AG-GRlE'VANCE, n. Oppression ; hardship; injury 

AG-GRIeVE', v. t. 1. To give pain or sorrow ; to afflict. 
In tkis sense it is nearly svperscded by aricxr. '2. To bear 
hard upon ; to oppress or injure ; to vex or harass. 

■f AG-GRIiiVE', V. i. To mourn , to lament. 

AG-GRIEV'EI), (ag-greevd') pp. Pained ; afflicted ; civilly 
or politically oppressed. 

AGJiRlEV'ING, ppr. .Afflicting ; i:iiposlng hardships on ; 

AG-tJROI'i'', ) r. t. [Sp. agrupar.] To bring together ; to 

AG-GROOP', ( group ; to collect many persons into a 
crowd, or many figures into a whole. 

A(;-(;R0UP'ED, ( f.„„„„tn \rP- CollecteJ into a group 

AG-GROOP'ED, i (aggroopt) | or as^^eniblage. 

A-GHAST', or, more correctly, Agajt, a. or ado, Struck 
with amazement ; stupified with sudden fright or horror. 

AGILE, a. [Fr. airile.] Nimble; having the faculty of 
quick motion in the limbs ; apt or ready to move ; brisk ; 

Aci'ILE-.VESS, n Nimbleness ; activity ; the faculty of 
moving the limbs quickly ; agility. 

A-(jIL'I-TY, n. [L. atrilitasj] The power of moving the 
limbs quickly ; nimbleness ; briskness ; activity ; quick- 
ness of motio'n. 

t.\-<iIL'LO-C(;.M, 71. Aloes-wood. q,uincy. 

K Gl-O, n. [Ital. an-oio.l 1. In commerce, the difference be- 
tween bank notes and current coin. 2. Premium ; sum 
given above the nominal value. 

\-G[."<T', r. t. In law, to take the cattle of others to graze , 
to feed or pasture the cattle of others. 

V-Gl.^T'.MEX'J', 71. The taking and feeding of other men's 
cattle in the king's forest, or on one's own land ; also, the 
price paid for such feedinc. 

A GIST'OR, or AG-IS-TA'TOR, ti. An officer of the king's 
forest, who has the care of cattle agisted, and collects the 
money for the same. 

hd I-TA-ULE, a. That may be agitated, shaken, or dis- 

A6'I-TATE, 17. t. [L. agUo.] 1. To stir violently ; to put in 
motion ; to shake or move briskly. 2. To move or force 
into violent, irregular action. 3. To disturb, or excite in- 
to tumult. 4. To discuss ; to debate ; to controvert. 5. 
To consider on all sides ; to revolve in the mind, or view 
in all its a.«pect8 ; to contrive by mental deliberation. 

Ac^'I-TA-TED, pp. Tassed from side to side ; shaken ; mov- 
ed violently aud irregularly ; disturbed ; discussed ; con- 

AG'I-TA-TI\G, ppr. Shaking ; moving with violence ; dis- 
turbing ; disputing ; cont.iving. 

AG-I-TA'TION, 71. 1. The act of shaking ; the state of be- 
ing moved with violence or with irregular action ; com- 
motion. 2. Disturbance jf tranquility in the mind ; per- 
turbation; excitement of pa.ssion. 3. Iliscussion ; exam- 
nation of a subject iri controversy. 4. A state of being 
deliberated upon, with a view to contrivance, or plan to 
be adopted. 

A(5-I-T.-\'TO, in muM.e, denotes a broken style of perform- 
ance, adapted to awaken surprise or perturbation. 

\('; I-T.\-T<)R, 71. One who acitates ; also, an insurgent ; 
one who excites sedition or revolt. In Cromiretl's time, 
cer«^ln olfieers, appointed by the army to manage their 
r%ncern<i, were tailed afritnturs. 

AtM-P.T, or AlG'LET, 71. [Vr. iusiuHelle.'\ 1. A tag of a 
point curved into the representation of an animal, gener- 
ally of a m»n ; a small plate of metal. — 2. In botany, a 
pendant ai the ends of tlie chives of llowers, as in the 
r(we and tulip. 

AG'LET-B.A-IJY, 7i. A small image on the top of a lace. 

4G'MI-NAL, a. [L agmen.] Pertaining to an army or 
troop. [Little used.] 

A(!'NAII,, 71. A diseaxe of the nail ; a whitlow ; an infiam- 
mation round the nail. 


Any male relation by the father'^ fide 

AG-'N.ATE, a. [L. agnatus.'\ Related or akin by the father's 


AG-.N.\T'ie, a. Pertaining to descent bv the male line of 
ancestors. Blackstime. 

AG-NA'TIOX, 71. Relation by the father's side only, or de- 
scent in the male line, distinct fioni carnation, which in 
eludes descent in the male and female lines. 

AG'.N'EL, 71. [from agnus.] An ancient French coin, valua 
twelve sols, six deniers. 

AG-.\I"TIO.\', 71. [L. agnitio.] Acknowledgment. [IMtl$ 
used.] Pearson. 

t AG-NIZE , r. t. To acknowledge. S/iak. 

AG-.\0.\I'I-NATE, V t. [L. a^wmino.] To name. ILJtU 

AG-.\OM-r-NA'TION, n. [L. a/rnomen.] 1. An additional 
name, or title ; a name added to another, as expressive of 
some act, achievement, 4tc. ; a surname. 2. .\llusion of 
one word to another by sound. 

AGNUS €'A3TUS. A sjiecies of titez, so called from its 
imagined virtue of preserving chastity. 

AG'NUS UE'I. [Lamb of Ood.] In tlie RomUh churek, a 
cake of wax stamped with the figure of a lamb, support- 
ing the banner of the cross. 

AG'NUS SC'YTI1'I-€L'S. [Scythian lamb.] A name appli- 
ed to the roots of a species of fern. 

A-Go', adrt. or a. [Sax. agan.] Past ; gone ; as, a year ago 

A-GCXj', adc. [Fr. agogo ] In a state of desire ; higlily ei 
cited by eagerness after an object. 

A-Go'ING, In motion ; as, to set a mill agoing. 

t A'GON, 71. [Gr.] The contest for the prize. 

A-GONE', pp. Ago ; past ; since. [AVar/y o6«.] 

AG'0-NI?M, 71. [Gr. ayojua^uf.] Contention for a prize. 

•AG'O-NIST, 71. One who contends for the prize in publfc 
games. Milton has used Agovistes in this sense. 

AG-O-.NIST'ie, ) a. Pertaining to prize-fighting, con- 

AG-O-.MST'I-CAL, ( tests of strength, or athletic combJiU 

AG-0-NI.ST'r-C.\L-LY, adv. In an agonistic manner ; like 

AG'O-NIZE, r. i. [Gr. aywi-i^u.] To writhe with extreme 
pain ; to suffer violent anguish. Pope. 

AG'O-.N'IZE, c. (. To distress with extreme pain ; to tor- 
ture. Pope. 

AG'O-Nl-ZING, ppr. Suflering severe pain ; writhing witii 

AG'O NI-ZING-LY, adv. \\\i\\ extreme anguish. 

t AG-O NO-TIIkTE', 71. .A judge of masteries in activity 

t .AG-0-.\0-THET'ie, a. Presiding at public games. 

AG'O-NY, 71. [Gr. ayiiiv.] I. In strictness, pain so extreme 
as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, similar to 
those made in the athletic contests in Greece. Hence, 
2. Extreme pain of body or mind ; anguish ; appropri 
ately, the pangs of death, and the sufferings of our Savior 
in the garden of Gethsemane. Z.uie xxii. 3. Violent con- 
test or striving. .More. 

t A-GOOD'j adv. In earnest. Shak. 

A-GOL''TV,». [qu. Sp. a«7rf().] .\ quadruped ot the order 
rodentia, of the size of a rabbit. 

t-A-GRAM'.MA-TIST, 71. An illiterate man. 

.A-GRA'RI-.\N, a. [L. ngrarius.J Relating to landi. .^p- 
projrriately, denoting or pertaining to an equal division of 
lands ; as, the agrarian laws of Rome, which distributed 
the conquered and other public lands equally among all 
the citizens. 

AGREE , 7'. i. [Fr. agrier.] 1. To be of one mind ; to har- 
monize in opinion. 2. 'lo live in concord, or wilhont 
contention. 3. To yield a.isent ; to approve or admit ; fol- 
lowed by lo. 4. To settle by stipulation, the minds of 
parties being agreed as to the terms. .*). To come lo a 
compromise of differences ; to be reconciled, fi. 'i'o come 
to one opinion or mind ; to concur ; as, to o^/' on n place 
of meeting. 7. To be consistent ; to hnmionizc ; not to 
contradict, or be repugnant. 8. To resenihlo ; to be sim- 
ilar. 9. To suit ; to be accommodated or adapted lo. 

AGREE', r. t. To admit, or come lo one mind concerning , 
as, lo agree the fact. .\lso, lo reconcile or make friends ; 
to put an end lo variance ; but these scmieii are unusual, 
ana hardly legitimale. 

t A-GREE-.\-lUI.'l-TY, n. Eajiinem ofdispoBilion. Chaiuer 

A-GREE'A-BI.E, a. I. Suitable; conformable; correspond 
enl ; consistent with. 2. In piirsunnce of; in confomiily 
with. 3. Pleasing, either to the mind or senses ; as, agree- 
able manners. 

A-OREF.'ABI.E .NK.'JS, n. I . Sultablenexs ; conformity; 
contislency. 2. The quality of pleasing ; Ih.-it quality 
which giv* giitisfnrtinii or niodrrale pleasure to the minil 
or senses. 3. Keseinblancc ; likeness. Obs. 

A-GREE'.\-ni.Y, adr. 1. Pleasingly ; In an agreeable man- 
ner ; in a manner lo give pleasure. 9. Suitably ; conci.-it- 
cntly ; conformably. .T. .Alike ; in the same manner. 06«. 

A-GREKIV, pp. I. Iteing in concord or harmony of opinion > 

• Sec Synopsis. MOVE BOOK, DOVEj— BIJLL.UNITE.— Gas K ; C as J ; »as Z ; CllasSH ; THailn lAii. \ ObsuUtt 


of one mind. 0. Awntml U> ; niliiiitled. 3. Rrltled by 

niiinont ; liiiplyliiff b.irKiini >ir ruiitriut. 
A (•UKK'I.Nli./'/'r. r.iviiiK uicuncord , cunrurrinf ; aaiwnt- 

Ing ; iirKlliig by ■•iiiwiil. 
A-4>TtKK'IN(; I.V, atlv. in cunfiirnilly lo. | l.illle mid. I 
\A (JKKK'I.N'CiMvSS, n. L'lMmbitriicy ) miUalili'iinM. 
A-4<UKK MK.N'I', >>. I. ( ^(iliriiril ', Imriiiniiy j riinriiuiilty. 

!i. Union )>r<i|iliiiiiiiiiiirM-iitliiiflilK. :i. Knu'inlilanrr i run 

rurinlly ; niinilltuilo. 4. Ilnhiu of niiiiitji in rrK'iru to ii 

IrniiHlcr or Inttiroiit ; bargain -, cuMipact ; contrarl -, iiti|iu- 

( A <;KK-'<iTIAL, )n. (I,. <i;irrM(M.| lluml ; niHtlc ; JHT- 
A <;itl->'''l"U;, [ t.iiiuiiK lo lii'IdH or till! toiintry, in 

A (;ill><'TI-t.\l-, ) o|i|Mi»illoii to llir rily ; un|M.lliilieil. 
At; 111 CIJL 'I'OK, n. I Mir wlicwr orcii|ialion In to till tlic 

Kroiiiiil ) a rnriiKT ) n liiiiili:wi(liii.'iii. 
AtM{l-t;UI.''iU KAI,, .1. IVrtuiniiiu to liiiHlmndry, lilliigo, 

or the culturi- of the rnrtli. 
ACMtl-CUL-rnitK, n. I I,, rtjrcr, niid rii/fiirn. 1 'Jhf ciilll- 

viition of the Rroiiml, the |iiir|>iw of proiIucinK wri-- 

tiiblfs and frulls, lor llio imp of man and \>ri\nt •. the art of 

|iri'|iariii|; the noil, miwiiii; and plantiiit! KCfds, dressing llic 

pluntii, uiid rcinovliiK llii' cro|i.><. 
AtiKl tl'l.'J'IJ 1U»JI, B. 'Jlie art ornciencc of agriculture. 

'22 AIR 

[l.tttte uvft/.l 

AC-KI-CULTU-RIST, n. One skilled in agriculture; a 
Nkill'iil liiisbnndnian. 

A<; 111 .Mt' .NV, n. [L. argemonia.] A genus of plants, of 
iMiveral sfwcies. 

A<Mlir ri.NM-ANi*, n. In church history, tlie followers of 
.\(;rip[)inii.H, of Cartilage. Kncyc. 

t .A-tJIU^i;', r. i. [.<ax. afrrisan.] 'i'o siiiver. 

T A-(;iU.*i; , r. (. To terrify ; also, to make frightful. 

A CllOM, n. A dliease frequent in liengal. 

AC-lli).tf'ri:M'iMA, n. A genus of plants. 

At; IK IS Tl."^, n. [Gr. uypuffTif.] Dent graas. 

A-<;il< llJM)', adv. I. On the ground ; a marine term, figni- 
fyiiig that the bottom of a ship lesla on the ground, for 
want of sullicient depth of water. 'J. b'tgaraUvclij, Stop- 
ped -, impeded by insuperable obstacles 

A-<;L' A-l'E-eA't'A, n. The jacana, a Brazilian bird. 

A'lil.'K, (a'gu) n [!!<ax. ergc, oira, or hoirii.\ i. The cold fit 
which precedes a fever, or a paroxysm of tcver in intermit- 
tents. It is accompanied with shivering. "2. Chilliness ; a 
chill, or state of shaking with cold, tliou(;h in health. 3. It 
is used for a periodical fever, an intermittent, whether 
quotidian, tertian, or quartan. 

A tJUli, c. t. To cause a shivering in ; to strike with a cold 
fit. }inyiruod. 

A'tit'C-f 'AKK, 71. A hard tumor on the Icfl side of the bel- 
ly, lower than the false ribs. 

A t;u-Kl), a. Chilly ; having a fit of ague ; shivering with 
cold or fear. S.'iat. 

A'GUK-FIT, n. A paroxysm of cold, or shivering; chilli- 

A<;i'E-PROOF, a. Able to resist agues; proof against 

f A-i;UI'.RRY, r. t, [Fr. aauerrir.] To inure to the hard- 
ships (if war ; to instruct in the art of war 

A'tiUE-tfPELL, ji. A charm or spell to cure or prevent ague. 

A OL'E-STRUCK, a. Struck with ague. Ueicyt. 

AGUE-TREE, n. A name sometimes applied to sassa- 

* .\GUI3E V. t. To dress ; to adorn. Spenser. 

1 A-GUISE n. Press. More. 

A'GU-ISIIj 0. Chilly ; somewhat cold or shivering ; having 
the qualities of an ague. 

A GU-lSlI-.\'ES,-5, n. Chilliness ; the quality of being aguish. 

A-GUIL-LA-NECF', n. \ form of rejoicing among the 
ancient Franks, on the first day of the year. 

A'GCL, H A species of the hedygarum. 

All. An exclamation, expressive of surprise, pity, complaint, 
contempt, dislike, joy, exultation, ice, according to the 
manner of utterance 

l-H\'. 1. .\n exclamation expressing triumph, contempt, or 
simple surprise ; but the senses are distiiiuuislied by very 
dilfercnt modes of utterance, and dilffrciit modification's 
of features. 2. n. A sunk fence, not visible, without near 
approach. Mason. 

A-llAN I-GER, n. A name of the gar-fish. 

AHE.VD, (a-lied') arfr. 1. Further forward than another 
thinij ; m front; originally a sea term, denoting f\irtlier 
forward than another ship. 2. Onward ; forward ; tiv- 
warils the |K>int before the stem or head ; as, move ahead. 
n. Ilea<«.....g i precipiuintlv. L'KstranTf. 

, A HEIGHT (a-lilte) adv. Aloft ; on high. 

A-HIC-C\ -.VT'Ll, n. A poisonous serpent ol 

T A HIGH , adr. On high. 
.\ HoLl), arfr. Near the wind. Shah. 

AHOV.M, It. .\ pinsonous s|>ecies of plum. 

A-HOV , eicl. .\ sea term used in hailiiic 

AMRIMA.N. SesAniMAK. '" 

A-HUIT'LA, n. A worm found in the lake of Mexico. 

ser|)ent of Mexico 

A IM/'ITT.OTK, n. An ainphibloua iiuadni|icd of the trop 
leal rlinialu ot^Aiiieriiu. 

t A III .N<;'K\ , u. Iliiiigry. .SAot. 

A'lA, n. A llru/iliaii lowl of llie •(Hxin-blll kind, and ra 
M^Mililinu lliul bird in form and mw. 

Al Cl>' III h, n. .\ large and beautiful «|R-<:irN of piirroL 

All), V. I. [Fr. ai(/rr.J 'i'o help ; u> ai*iii<t ', to itup|Mirt. 

All), >i. 1. Help ; Huccor ; RUp|>ort ; aiwlKUinfe. M. 'J'he JXT 
Hon who aldii or ylcldn iiup|Mirt ; a help<.-r ; on aiixiliiirr 
:i. In Unuluih Inir , a Hulmldy or tax grunted by parliainenl. 
4. An aiil-de camp, ho called by abbrcviatmn. 

AID'ANCK, n. Aid ; help ; aiiHijttani'x-. \l.uilc iued.\ Hhak. 

t All) A.NT, fl. Helping ; tielpful ; bupplying aid. 

•All) OECAAir, 71. in vnUlary uj/airn. an ollicer Whi<M 
duly is to receive and c^imniunlcaK) the orderv of n gen 
eral oflicer. [It is desirable that this word Khould be nam 
ralized, and no longer pronounced aid-dr-eong.] 

All) El), ;>;<. Assisted : HupfHirted ; furnished witli lUCLor. 

AlD'I'^ll, n. One who nelfia ; an assistant, or auiiluiry. 

All) I.N'G, /lyir. lit Iping ; assisting. 

All) I.KS.S, a. Ilelplcsii ; without aid ; unsupported ; luide 
fended. Shak. 

t Al GHE, a. four. Craven dialect. 

AI GRET. ( 71. 1. In zoology, a name of the small wha- 

Al GRP;TTE, i heron.— 2. In Many. See Eobet. 

Al GU-LE'J', 71. A point or lag, a> at tiie ends of fringe* 
See AioLET. 

AIK'RAW, 71. A name of a species of lichen, or moos. 

AIL, V. t. [Sax. efflio'n.] 'J'o trouble ; to affect with uiien- 
siiiess, either of body or mind. 

AIL, rt. Indisposition, or morbid affection. 

AIL'ING, mir. Diseiised ; indisposed ; full of complaints. 

AIL MEMT, 71. Uiseas« ; indisposition ; morbid alfection of 
the body. 

AIM, V. i. [qu. Ir. oigham.] To point at with a missive 
weapon ; to direct the intention or purpose ; to attempt 
to reach, or accomplish ; to tend towards ; to endeavcr ; 
followed by at. 

AIM, I', t. To direct or point as a weapon ; to direct to a 
particular object ; as, to aim a musket. 

AhM, 71. 1. The pointing or direction of a missile weapon • 
the direction of any thing to a particular point or objeci. 
with a view to strike or affect it. 2. The point intended 
to be hit, or object intended to be affected. 3. A purpose ; 
intention ; design ; scheme. 4. Conjecture ; guess. [Aut 
vsrd.] Spenser. 

AIMEI), pp. Pointed ; directed ; intended to strike or af 

.XIM ER, 71. One that alms. 

AliM IN(;, ppr. Pointing a weapon at an object ; directing 
any thing to an object ; intending ; purposing. 

AIJlLEt^, a. Without aim. May. 

AIR, 71. [Fr. air ; L. arr ; Gr. aijo.] 1. The fluid which we 
breathe. -Air is inodorous, invisible, insipid, colorless, 
elastic, possessed of gravity, easily moved, rarefied anrt 
condensed. .Atmospheric air is a c^impound fluid, consist- 
ing of oxygen gas, and nitrojen or azote. The body ol 
air surrounding the earth is called the atmosphere. 2. Air 
in motion ; a light breeze. 3. Vent ; utterance abroad ; 
publication ; publicity. 4. A tune ; a short song or piece 
of music adapted to words ; also, the [)eculiar modulation 
of the notes, which gives music its character ; as, a sojl 
air. A song or piece of poetry for singing ; the leading 
part of a tune. 5. The peculiar look, appearance, manner 
or mien of a person. It is applied to manners or gestures, 
as well as to features. 6. jlirs, in the plural, is used to de- 
note an affected manner, show of pride, haughtiness ; as, 
he puts on airs. — 7. In painting, that which expresses the 
life of action ; manner ; gesture ; attitude. 8. Any thing 
light or uncertain ; that is light as air. 9. Advice ; intel- 
ligence ; information. [Oft.«.] Baeon. 

AIR, r. I. I. To expose to the air ; to give access to the 
open air ; to ventilate ; as, to air a room. 2. To expose 
to heat ; to warm. 3. To dry by a fire j to expel damp- 

AIR .\, 71. Hair grass, a eenns of plants. 

AIR-HAL-I,(").\. See IUlloon. 

.\IR -ULAl) OEH, 71. .\ vesicle or cuticle filled with air . 
also, the bladder of a fish. 

.■MR -BORN, a. Horn of the air. CenoTrre 

AIR-BRA-VING, a. Braving the winds. Shak. 

.■\IR -BCILT, a. Erected in the air ; liaving no solid foun- 
dation , chimerical. 

.•\1K -PRA\VN, (7. Prawn in air ; imaeinary. Shak. 

.\IREn, pp. Exposed to air; cleansed by air; heated oi 
dried by exposure to a fire ; ventilated. 

.AIR ER.'n. One who exposes to the air. 

A1R-GL'.\, 71. A pneumatic engine, resembling a mj^ket 
to discharge bullets by means of air. 

.^IR HOLD-ER, 71. .\n instrument for holdine air. 

AIR-HOLE, 71. .An opening lo admit or discharge air. 

.MR I-.NEA>, 71. 1. Exposure lo a free current of air ; open 
ness to the air. 2. Gayety ; levity. 

AIR 1\G, ;i;>r. Expiising to Uie air ; warming ; drying. 

> &« Si/nopiis A, e, I 0, T, loTiiT -FAR, Ff^lA., ^V^.^T ;— PRgY ,— PIN, .M.VKlt-NE, BIRD ,— t Obsi let$ 




AIR 1N'<;, n. An exposure to the air, or to a fire, for wann- 
ing or ilrying ; also, a walk or ride in the open air ; a 
HtiMft excursion. 

AUl'-JACK-I^T, ;i. A leatlier jacket, to wliicliare fastened 
bags or bladders filled with air. 

AIR LBSS, a. jNot open to a free current of air ; wanting 
fresli air, or comMiiinication with oi)en air. 

AIU'LING, 7i. A tliouglitless, gay person. Jonson. 

AIR -PIPE, )i. A pipe used to draw foul air from a ship's 

AIR'-POISE, n. An Instrument to measure the weight of 
the air. 

AIR'-PUMP, 71. A machine for exhausting the air of a res- 

AIR'-PACS, n. Air-bags in birds. 

AIK'-.SIIAFT, 71. A passage for air into a mine. 

AIR-STIK-RING, u. Putting the air in mution. 

AIR-TIIRKAD, n. A name given to the spider's webs, 
which are often seen Hoating in the air. 

AIR-THRKAT-Ex\-1.\G, n. Threatening the air ; lofty. 

AIR'-VEJvSEL, n. A spiral duct in plants, containing air. 

AIRY, a. 1. Consisting of air. 2. Relating or belonging 
to air ; high in air. 'J. Open to a free current of air. 4. 
Light as air; resembling air ; thin; unsubstantial: witli- 
out solidity. 5 Without reality; Jiaving no solia foun- 
dation ; vain ; trifling. 6. <iay ; sprightly ; full of viva- 
city and levity ; light of heart ; lively. 

AIR'V, or A'ER-Y, 7r. [Sfc.AERv.] Among sj)ort,»me7i, the 
nest of the hawk or eaele. 

AIR Y-FLV'I.NG, a. Klving like air. Thomson. 

AIR'V-HGHT, a. Light as air. 

Alf^ll, ti. Stubble, th-ose. 

AlPLK, or AILE, (ile) n. [Fr. aiVe.J The wing of a quire ; 
a walk in a church. 

AIT,orF,VGIlT, (ite) 71. A small island in a river. 

AI ZOON', n. rSax. aiion.] A genus of plants 

A-JAR' adv. llaif-openeJ. 

A-Ja'V.\, 71. The seed of a plant brought from Malabar. 

A-JOGA, 71. Bugle, a genus of plants. Kncyc. 

A-JO RU-CA-TLN GA, 71. A species of American parrot. 

A-JC RU-€U-RAU, 71. An American parrot. 

A-JO RU-PA-RA, n. A small parrot of .\merica. 

AJ b-TAGE, or AI) JU-TAtiE, 71. [Fr.] A tube fitted to 
the mouth of a vessel. 

AKE, 77. i., less properly written ache. [Sax. ace] 1. To 
he in pain ; luiually, in pain of some continuaiice. Shak. 
ii. To feel distress of mind ; to be grieved. 

AKE, «. Continued pain, less severe than is expressed by 
pang, agony, and torment ; as, the tooth-afce. 

A KI'K, 71. [Gr. aypof ; L. agcr ; Sax. accr. The most 
correct orthography is aker.] Originallij, an open field. 
But in Crreal Britain and the United States, the quantity 
of land in the aker is fixed at 4S40 square yards, making 
IGO square rods, perches, or poles. See .Vcbe. 

A-IvI.N', a. 1. Related by blood, used of persons. 2. Al- 
lied by nature; partaking of the same properties; as, 
envy and jealousy are near aAi»i. 

A KING, ppr. Having continued pain ; suffering distress of 
mind, or grief. 

A'KI.N'G, 71. Continued pain, or distress of mind. 

AL, in .Irabic, an adjective, or inseparable prefix, answer- 
ing to the Italian i7, and Spanish «/, and la. Its use is to 
render nouns definite, like the English the ; as, alkoran, 
the koran, or the book, by eminence ; alcove, alchimy, 
alembic, almanac, &c. 

AL, in Kit irlish, is sometimes a contraction of the Saxon 
a:thcl, noble, or illustrious. More generally, al, in com- 
position, is a contraction of old, or alt, old, and it is pre- 
fixed to many names, as .ilburg. Sax. cald ; Germ, alt, 

AL, in the composition of Latin words, is written before I 
for (id^ for the ease of pronunciation ; as, in allevo, al- 
ludo, lor ad lero, ad Indo. 

AL'A-BAS-TKR, 71. [L. from Gr. a\aliaarpov.] A sub- 
variety of carbonate of lime, found in large masses, form- 
ed by the deposition of calcareous particli^s in caverns of 
limestone rocks. .Among the ancient.^, alabaster was also 
the name of a vessel, in which odoriferous liquors were 
kept ; so called from the stone of which it was made. 

AL'A-BAS-TER, a. .Made of alabaster. 

A-LACK', eiclam. An exclnmalion expressive of sorrow. 

A-LACK'.V-DAY. An exclamation uttered to express regret 
or sorrow. 

t A-LAC'RI-OUS-LY, odr. riiceriullv. 

f A-LA€'RI-OUS-NE.<S, 71. Briskness. 

A-L.\€RI-TY, 71. [Ij. alncrita.t.] Cheerflilnrss ; ijayety ; 
sprightliness ; a cheerful readiness or promptitude to do 
some act. 

A-LA1)'1-NISTS, 71. Free thinkers among the .Mobamme- 


ALA-LITE, 71 .\ cryatalized mineral; diopsidt; a serai- 

transparent pyrmme. 
A LA-MJRK', II. The lowest note but one, in Guido Are- 

tine's scale of music. Johnson. 

AL-.A-MO-DAL'1-TY, »i. Conformity to the prevailing 
mode, or fashion of the times. LncijC. [Little lu-ed. , 

AL-A-MoUE', adc. |l'r. a la mode.] According to the 
fashion, or prevading mode. H'hdluck. 

AL-.V-.M6L)E', 71. \ Uiin, glossy silk for boods, scarfs, &;C 

A-L.\.\l>, adc. At, or on land. &dneu. 

A-LA,\'TE.M, ( . .. ... ' ,, ,. , 

.\-L.\.\'TL'.M I """•'• -^m '''S'^ince. Oruse. Craren dialect 

A-L.\R.M', n. [Fr. alarme, alarnier.] 1. Any sound, out- 
cry, or information, intended to give notice of approach 
ing danger. 2. A summon to arms. 3. Sudden surprise 
with fear or terror. •). Terror ; a sensation excited by an 
apprehension of danger. — 5. In fencing, an appeal m 

A-L.\R.M', p. «. I. To give notice of danger ; to rouse t» 
vigilance. 2. To call to arms for defense. :t. To sur- 
prise with apprehension of danger ; to disturb Willi terror. 

.A-L.\R.M'-BELL, 71. .\ bell that gives notice of danger. 

A-L.\U.MKL), (a-lannd') pp. Notified of sudden danger; 
surprised with fear ; roused to vigilance or activity by 
apprehension of approaching danger. 

A-LaR.M'L\G, ppr. Giving notice of approaching danger ; 
rousing to vigilance. 

A-L.>i.R.M'l.NG, a. Exciting apprehension ; terrifying ; 
awakening a sense of danger. 

A-L.\RM'LNG-LY, ode. With alarm ; in a manner to excite 

A-L.\RM'1ST, 71. One that excites alann. 

A-LaR.\I -POST, 71. A place to wliich troops are to repau 
in case of an alarm. 

A-LAR.M'-WATCll, 71. A watch that strikes the hour by 
regulated movement. Herbert. 

A-LaR'LM, for alarm, is a corruption. 

A-\j\^, ezcl. [lh\ych, helaas : Vr. helas.] An exclamation 
expressive of sorrow, grief, pity, concern, or apprehension 
of evil ; sometimes followed by day or ichile : alas the 
day, like alack a day ; or alas the ichile, [Ubs.] Spenser 
expressing an unhappy time. 

t A-LaTE', adv. Lately 

A-L.\'TED, a. [L. o/atits. ] Winged; having dilatation* 
like wings. Botany. 

AL'A-TERN, 71. A name of a species of buckthorn. 

ALB, 71. [L. albus.] A surplice or vestment of white linen 
reaching to the feet. .A Turkish coin. 

AL'B.V-TROS, 71. .\n aquatic fowl. 

AL-BE', ( [.Albeit is supposed to be a compound of a//, 

AL-BE'IT. I be, and it, and is equivalent to admit, or 
^ruiit it all.] Be it so ; admit all that ; although ; not- 
withstanding. [JVum antiquated.] 

.\L'BE-LE.\, 71. A fish of the trout kind. 

AL-BES'CE.NT, a. [h. albesco.] Becoming white, or rather 
whitish ; moderately white. 

AL'BI-CORE, 71 [Port, albacor.] A marine fish, like a 

t AL-B1-FL€a'TIO.\, 71. Making white. Chaucer. 

AL-BI-GEN'SES», AL-BE-GEOIS', 71. A party of Reform- 
ers, who separated from the church of Rome, in the 12tli 
century ; so called from the Albegeois, a small territory 
in France, where they resided. They are souietimei 
confounded with the ff'aldcnses. 

AL'BIN', II. [L. albus.] .\n opake, white mineral. 

.AL-Bl'iNO, 71. [L. albu.<!.] A white descendant of black pa- 
rents, or a white person belonging to a race of blacks. A 
person unnaturally white. 

Al^^BI'.NOS, 71. A name signifying vhite men, given bytlie 
Portuguese to the white negroes of .Africa. 

AL'B[-0.\, 71. An ai.cient name of England, still used in 

AL-Bo'RA, 71. A sort of itch, or rather leprosy. 

AL-Bfi'lU), 71. A small red fish of the .Mediterranean. 

AL-BI.'-Gl.V'E-ors, (7. [I., albugo.] Pertaining to, or re- 
sembling the white of the eve, or of an egg. 

.\L-BC'(;(), n. The while speck in the eye -Also, a dis- 
ease of ilie eye. 

AL-BC'L.A, 71. .\ species of tnittacrous fish. 

AL'BU.M, II. [L. albus.] I. Among the «<-man.<, a white 
table, board or register. 2. .A book, in which foreigner! 
or stnincers insert autograptie of celtbrated persons, or in 
which friends insert pieces .-is memorials for each other. 

AL-BO'MEN, n. The while of an egg. 
I .AL-BC .MlV-ol'S, a. Pertaining to, or having the proper 
I ties of albumen. 

I AL'BURN, or AL BI'RNTM, it. [L. albumum.] The 
I white and softer part of wood, between the inner barlt 
I and the wood. In .Imcrua, it is popularly called Uia 

.AL'lirRN, 71. [\..alburnus.] .A fish called the Wrai. 

.AL'CA lliyT,or ALKA-HKi'T,n. [Ambic] .A pretended 
universal dissolvent, or menstnmm. See .Alkimeit. 

AL-CA'IC, a. Pertaining In Alripus, a lyric pixn. 

AL-f A'lCS, 71. ;i/«. St'veral kinds of verse, so called ftom 
.Alcn'iis, their inventor. 

AL-CAII'', ti. [Sp. alcayde : Port, alcaide. \ Amon;( til6 
Moors, Spaniards, and Portuguese, a governor. 

See Synopsis. MOVE.BOOK, DOVE ;—BIJLL, UNITE.— CasK ; Gas J ; Sa«Zj CllasSII ; TIlasinMw. f ObfoltU 



ALCAN'NA.K. f Anlilr.) A plnn! ; »n<1 n powder, pr©- 
pnrrd rroiii llic liivr- m iliu Kg) pliuii privil. 

AL't;A •rilA/, ». A iMliMiii. 

AI, t:A VA'I.A, n. Ill .S/iiiiii, II lux on every trtimrcr of 
nri>|«-rly, mil "r imthohuI. h.myc. 

Al. ('F.'l)i> II. [I. 1 'llin kiiiK lUfinr 

Al. <MII:M'I«', u. itolulliiR tuiilrhrniv, or prmluccil liy 

Al. <:III:M'U', ( u. KolulliiR l(j 

Al.nilAPI <AL,j II 

Al. <lir.MI «AI. l.V, ailf. Ill till 

lie rnniiiKT of alchemy. 
Ali'till.-iMI.'^'l', n. One who nriirliri-ii iilrlK'iiiy. 
Al,-t III'MI.'^I' W, I a. rni(ticir,( iili iMiiiy, or relating 
Al- CMI.MIST'l I'AI-, j l«it. 

Al.tllF>MY, n. (It. o/fAiinia.] 1. 'I'hr more mblime iind 
ililhcult part* of chciiiiKtry, mid rliinly surli iw rclntr to 
llio Iniiiniiiiilalioii «l' iiii-tiiU Into cold, tli" lUidiiiR a 
iiiiivprHal remedy fcir dmeJiiirH, and an alkalicHt, or uni- 
versal nolvent, and other thiiiKx now trralid as ridicu 
loUH. Thin pretended fiienre wili iniirh cultivated in 
Uio nixUiciith niid «evrnteenth centuries, hut is now 
held in contempt. 'J. Formerlu, a mixed metal used for 
ALC-MA'MA.N, a. rertnining to Alcman, a lyric poet. 
AL'("<>, n. .\ iiuadruiM'd of .Aiiirnr.i. 
AL'tO 11(11., n. [Ar.J Pure or hiplily rectified spirit, ob- 

Uined fn>m feniionted lii|iiors by distillation. 
AI»-€»)-ni>l-'lt', a. rertainiiig to alcohol, or partaking of 

its qiialitu'!). .\tcil. Hrp. 

AI--C0-I10I--I Za'TIDN, n. The act of rectifying spirit, till 
It is wholly dephleKinated ; or of reducing a substance to 
an impalpable [Kiwdcr. 
AL'eo llu lilZK, r. f. To convert into alcohol ; to rectify 
spirit, till it is wholly dephlepniatcd ; also, lo reduce a 
substance to an impalpable [lowder. 
AL'tOR.n. [Ar.] A small star. 
AL'CO-RAN. SfeKoRAwand Alkoban. 
•AL'fOVE, or AL-t'oVE',n. [^\>.aUuba.] ].Arecess,or 
part of a room, separated by an estrade, or partition of 
columns, or by other corresponding ornaments ; in which 
Is placed a bed of state, and sometimes seats for company. 
2 A recess in a library, or small lateral apartment for 
ALCVOX, n. The king-fisher. Ste Halcto:«. 
AL CY-O-NITE, n A fossil zoophile, somewhat resembling 

a fungus. J of Science. 
AL-CY-o'.M-UM, n. The name of a submarine plant. 

Also, a kind of astroit or coral. 
AL'DER, n. [L. a/niis.] A tree, usually growing in moist 

land, and bflonging to the genus ahius. 
t AL-DER-I,IiiV'KST, a. Most beloved. Skak. 
ALD'ER-MAN, pla. Aldermen, n. [t^ax. aid or eald, old, 
" comp. alJcr, older, and man.] 1. ,\inong our Saion an- 
cestors, a senior or .superior. The title was applied to 
princes, dukes, earls, senators, bisliops, &c. 2. In pres- 
ent usage, a magistrate or olficer of a town corporate, next 
in rank below the mayor, 
f AL-DKR-MAN'I-TY, pi. The behavior and manners of an 

alderman. The society of aldennen. 
AL'DER-MAN-LY, a. Pertaining lo, or like an alderman. 
■ Swift. 

AIVI>ERN, a. Made of alder. 

XI.E, n. [Sax. eala, eate, or aluth.] 1. A liquor made from 
an infusion of mall by fermentition. It differs from beer, 
in having a smaller proportion of hops. 2. A merry 
raeetinc in English country places, so called from the 
liquor drank, ben Jonsun. 
ALE'-BENCH, n. A bench in or before an ale house. 
ALEi-BER-RY, n. A beverage, made by boiling ale with 

spice, sugar, and sops of bread. 
SLE'-BREU'-ER, n. One whose occupation is to brew ale. 
lLE'-eO.\-NER, 71. [ale and con.] An otTicer in London, 
whose business is to inspect the measures used in public 
houses, to prevent frauds in selling liquors. 
ILE'-eOST, n. Coslmary, a plant. 
tLE'-FED, a. Fed with ale. Stafford 
ALE'-G.\R, n. [a/e, and Fi. aiVrc, sour.J Sour ale ; the 

acid of ale. 
ALE'-HOOF, n. [D. eiloaf.] Ground-ivy. 
ALE'-HOUSE, «. A house where ale is retailed. 
ALE'-HOl'SE-KEEP-ER, n. One who keeps an ale-house. 
ALE'-KN'IOUT (lle'nite) 7i. A pot companion. Chaucer. 
ALH -SHOT, n. A reckoning lo be paid for ale. 
ALE-SIL-VER. n. A duly paid to the lord mayor of Lon- 
don, by the sellers of ale within the city. 
iLE -ST.AKE, n. A stake set as a sign before an ale-house. 

AI.E-TaST-ER, n. An officer appointed lo inspect ale, 

beer and bread. Cotcel. 
ALH-VAT, «. A vat in which ale is fermented 
ALE-WASHED, a. Steeped in ale. 
A LEI-WIFE, n. .K woman who keeps an ale-house. 
ALE'VVIFE, or A'UXJF, h. TThis word is properly aloof, 
tlie Indian name of a fish.] \n .\merican fish, resembling 
the herring. The established pronunciation is aletcife, 
plu aletcire*. 


A LEC TRY OM'AN-<^V, n. [Cr. oMmrpvuv nni itav 
r<i(i.j An ancient pniclice of forete ling evcnUi by nieaw 
of n rock. 

A'l.EK', 'ii/c. In uramen'ii lanf'iage, on tlic side opposlU 
to the wind, llinl in, opiKWitc lo the side ou wLIdl it 

AI.'K ilAR, 71. Hour ale ; ncid made of ale. 

t AL'K OKR, a. [Fr. ; h=p. alijire ; L. alactr.] Gay ; cbeer 
fill ; Mprlghlly. Huron. 

t A l.l')('<iK', o (. To lighten ; to leiwen ; to assuage. 

A-LK.MB'I)AR, n. A certain 'ilficer in 'i'urkey. 

A I.KM'UH;,n. [Ar.J .A chemical vessel used in diatillation , 
UMually made of ghws or copjicr. 

A l.i:.N</rn', adv. Al full length -, along -, streUbed at fuU 
length. Chaucer. 

A-LKI"MMJ'I'K, 11. [CiT. a and Xiiri;.] Any fish whose skin 
is not covered with Hcales. 

A I.KRT', a. [Fr. alerte ; .>^p. alerto.] 1. WaUhful ; vigi- 
lant ; active in vigilance. Hence the military phrase, 
upon the alert, upon the watch. 'J. liruk ; nuiible ; mov- 
ing with celerity. Speetutur. 

A-LERT'NEi^, 7i. Briskness ; nimblcness ; sprightliness ; 
levity. Jiddiion. 

A-LEi;-ROM'AN-CY, n. [Gr. aXcupov and ^avrtia.] A 
kind of divination by meal. 

A-LEO'TIAN, / a. Iieslgnating certain isles in the Pacific 

A-LElJ'TIt:, \ ocean, eastward of Kamb«chalka. 

AL-EX-AN'DEK?, n. '1 lie name of a pliuit. 

AL-KX AN'UER'i* FtXJT, n. Ihe name of a plant. 

AL-EX-AN'DRI-AN, a. Pertaining lo Alexandna. 

AL-EX-AN'UKI.NE, or ALEX A.N'DRl-AN.n. A kind of 
verse, consisting of twelve syllables, or of twelve and 
thirteen alternately. 

aX(^b) and d/apfioKov.] Expelling pols<in ; antidotal -, sudo- 
rific ', that has the quality of expelling polMHi or infeclioQ 
by sweat. 

A-LEX-I-PHAR'MIC, n. .\ medicine is intended lo 
obviate the eflects of poison ; an antidote to poison or in- 

LCAL, a. [Gr. aXt|w and ^i;X7;ri7piov.] Resisting poison ; 
obviating the effects of venom. 

A-LEX-l-TER'l€, h. A medicine lo resist the effects ol 
poison, nearly synonymous with alezipharmic. 

AL'GA, 71. [L.] ijea-weed. 

AL'GA-ROT.or AL'GA-ROTH, n. The name of an einelie 

t ALGaTES, adi'. On any terms ; every way. 

AL'CE-BRA, ". [--^r.] The science of quantity in penerdl. 
or universal arithmetic. Algebra is a general method ol^ 
compulation, in which signs and symbols, which are com- 
monly the letters of the alphabet, are made to represent 
numbers and quantities, it lakes an unknown quantity 
sought, as if granted ; and, by means of one or more 
quantities given, proceeds till the quantity supposed is 
discovered, by some other known quantity to which it is 

AL-GE-BRa'I€, j a. Pertaining to algebra ; containing 

AL-GE-BRA'I-CAL, \ an operation of algebra, or deduced 
from such operation. 

AL-GE-BRa'1ST, n. One who is versed in the science of 

AL'GE-NEB, 71. A star of the second magnitude. 

AL-GE-RJNE', n. A native of Alziers. 

AL-tJE-RL\E', a. Belonging lo Algiers 
t AL'GID, a. fL. alg-idus.] Cold. 

lALCm-.N-li, |-Chillness;cold. 

t AL-GlF'ie, a. Producing cold. 

AL'GOL, n. A fixed star of the third magnitude. 

AL'GOR, ji. [Lat.] .Xinoiig physicians, ;m unusual coldnesi 

in any part of the bod v. 
AL'GO-RITHM,or .\L'GO-RISM, n. An Arabic term, sig 

nifying numerical compulation, or the six operations ui 

t AL-Gfi.'^E', a. Extremely cold. 
AL'GOL'S, a. [L. a/j-a.] Pertaining to sea- weed ; abound 

ing with, or like sea-weed. 
A1j-GL'.\-Z1L', (al-gwa-zeeP) n. [Sp.] An inferior officer n. 

AL-HEN'.VA,7i. Sff 
A'LI-AS, [L.] Otherwise; as in this example — Simson, 

alias Smith ; a word used in Judicial proceedings. 
a'LI-AS, n. .\ second writ, or execution, issuea when the 

first has failed to enforce the judgment. 
AI/LBI, 71. [L.] Elsewhere ; in another place ; a /a i/- term 

When a person is charged with an offense, and he proves 

that he could not have committed it, because he was, at 

the time, in aTiorAer place, he is R.aid to prove an alibi. 
tAL'I-BLE, a. Nutritive; nourishing. 
AI^IEN, (ile'-yen) a. [L. alienus.] 1. Foreign ; not 

belonging to the same country, land or government 

• &« Sfnopsis. A, e, T, C, C, ? Jonrr._FXR, F,\LL, WIL^T ;— FRgY ;— PIN, MARINE, BIRD ;— f ObsoltU. 


2. Belonging to one who is not a citizen. 3. Estranged ; 
foreign ; not allied ; adverse to. 

iL lES, (ale'yen) n. A foreigner ; one bom in, or belong- 
ing to, another country ; one who is not entitled to the 
privileges of a citizen. 

AL'li;.\, (ile'yen) )v.t. ['L. alieno.] 1. To transfer 

AIj-iI;N&, (SJe-yeen') j title or property to another ; to 
sell. 2. To estrange ; to make averse or indilTerent. — 
In this sense, it is more common to use alienate. 

AL-IEN-A-lilL'l-TY, (ale'yen-a-Ml'e-te) n. The capacity 
of being alienated or transferred. Burke. 

AL'IEN-A-BLE, (ale yea-a-bl) a. 1 hat may be sold, or 
transferred to another. 

AL'IEN-A6E, (aie'yen-aje) n. The state of being an alien. 

AL'IEN-ATE, (ale'yen-ate) v. t. [L. aliennA 1. To trans- 
fisr title, property or right to another. 2. To estrange ; to 
withdraw, as the affections ; to make indifferent or averse, 
where lovn or friendship before subsisted. 

iL'IEN-ATL, a. [h. alienaliis.] Estranged; withdrawn 
from ; strangei to. 

t AL'IEN-ATE, n. A stranger ; an alien 

Alr-IEN-A'TION, (ale yen-5'shun) n. [L. atienatio.] 1. 
A transfer of title ; oi a legai conveyance of property to 
another. 2. The statr of being alienated. 3. A with- 
drawing or estrangeme 't. 4. Delirium ; derangement of 
mental faculties ; insan "y. Hooker. 

AL'IE.\-A-TOU, n. One tl at alienates or transfers property. 

AI^IEN-EE', n. One to whom the title to property is trans- 
ferred. Blackstoue. 

AL'IEN-I*M, n. Alienage. JV. T. Reports. 

A-LIFE', adv. On my life. SAai. 

AMF'ER-OUS, a. [L. ala and fero.] Having wings. 

AL'1-FOUM, a. [L. ala and forma.] Having the shape of 
a wing. 

A-LIG'ER-OUS, a. [L. ala and gcro.] Having wings. 

A-LIGGE'. See Ahzoat. 

A-LIOHTi, (a-IIte') v. i. [6a.T. alihtan.] 1. To get down or 
descend, as from on horseback or from a carriage. 2. To 
descend and settle. 3. To fall or descend and lodge. 

A-I>rKE', a. [Sax. gelic.] Having resemblance or siaiili- 
tnile ; similar. 

A-IjTKE', adr. In the same manner, form or degree. 

A-LrKE'-.MIi\D-F;U, a. Having tlie same mind. 

MVl-MENT, n. [L. aUmentum.] That which nourishes; 
food ; nutrnnent. 

M.-I-MENT'AL, a. Supplying food ; that has the quality 
of nourishing. 

Mj-1-MENT'AL-LY, adv. So as to serve for nourishment 
or food. 

\L-I-MENT'A-RI-NESS, 71. The quality of supplying nu- 

\L-I-ME\T A-RY, a. Tertaining to aliment or food ; hav- 
ing the quality of nourishing. 

\L-l-.MENT-Aa'ION, 71. 1. The act or power of affording 
nutriment. 2. The state of being nourished. Jokn.^uu. 

\L-I-iMo'Nl-OU.S, a. Nourishing ; affording food. [Lillle 

Mii-AIO-NY, 71. [L. alimovin.] .-Vn allowance made for the 
support of a woman, legally separated fYom her husband. 

Vr.'M'EU, u. [L. aZn and pM.] Wing-footed ; having the 
toes connected by a membrane, which serves a.s a wing. 

M^'I-I'EI), 71. An animal whose toes are connected by a 
membrane, and which thus se.r\-e for wings ; a cheiropter ; 
iLs the bat. Dumenl. 

\L'l-CilTANT, <i. [L. aliqttnntum.'] Jn arithmetic, an ali- 
quant number or [lart is that which does not mea.sure 
aiKjlher number without a remainder. Thus 5 is an ali- 
ijiKint part of 16. 

M^'l-lil OT, a. [L.] An aliquot part of a number or quan- 
tity iH one which will measure it without a remainder. 
Thus .5 is an aliquot part of 1.5. 

^I.ISH, a. Like ale ; having the qualities of ale. 

■ Aly'l-TUKE, 71. Nourishment. 

A-IJVIV, a. [Sax./rc/iylnn.] l. Having life, in opposition 
lodrad: living. 2. In a state of action ; unextinguish- 
ed ; undestroyed ; unexpired ; in force or oper.Uion. 3. 
Checrnil ; sprightly ; lively ; ftill of alarritv. 4, Puscei)^ 
tihie ; eiuiily impressed ; having lively feeliiigs. 

AI.'KA-HEST, 71. |Ar.] .-V universal dissolvent ; a men- 
stnium capable of dissolving every body. 

AI.-KA-M>'('i;.\-CV, 71. A I'lidincy to become alkaline ; 
or a tendency to the propertieti of an alkali. I're. 

AI,-KA-T.KSi('i;\T, n. Tending to the properties of an al- 
kali ; Rliglitly alkalino. 

• AI, KA-I.T, 71. •• 7>/k. Ai.K*i.iri. [ Ar.] In rAfmi".«rrv, aterm 
applied to all bodies which pimHoss the following iiropcr- 
ties: I. a caustic taste ; 2. being volatlliznble by bent ; 3. 
capability of combining with acids, and of destroying their 
acidity ; 4. solubility in water, even when combined with 
carbonic acid ; 5. capability of converting vegetable blues 
to green, 'riiomson. 



Btrument for a.scerlaining the strength of alkalies. Lre 
L'KA-I,1.\E, a. Having the properties of alkali. 
L-KA-LL\'I-TY n. The quality which constitutes an al- 

ALTC A-M-F?, r. t. To fonn, or lo convert Into an alkal!. 
AL'KA-ljI-Ft, V. i. To become an alkali. 
AL-KA-LIG'E-.VOrS, a. [alkali, and Gr. ytwaii.] Produc- 
ing or generating alkali. 
AI--KA-LIM'E-TEU, ji. [alkali, and Cr. utrpov.] An In 

" "—•'•' cerlaining the strength of : 

. Having the properties 

Y n. The oualitv wliir 

kali. Thomson 

AL-KA'LI-OLIS, a. Having tlie qualities of alkali, h'invirr 

t AL'KA-Ll-ZATE, a. Alkaline ; impregnated with alkali 

t AI/k A-LI-ZATE. v. t. To make bodies alkaline. 
AL-K.AL-I-Za'TION, n. The act of rendering alkaline by 

impregnating with an alkali. 
AL'KA-LIZE, V. t. To make alkaline ; to communicat« Uie 

properties of an alkali to, by mixture. 
AL'KA-NET, tt. The plant bugloss. 
AL-KE-KEN'6l,n. The winter cherry. 
AL-KE.\ NA, or AL-HENNA, n. Egyptian privet 
Aly-KERM E?, 71. [Ar.] In pharmacy, a compound co^ 

dial, derived from the kermes berries. 
AL-KER'VA, 71. An .Arabic name of the pnlma Christu 

AL'KO-RAN, 71. [,\r. al, the, and koran, boik. The 
Book, by way of eminence, as we say, the Bible.] The 
book which contains the Mohammedan doctrines of faith 
and practice. 
AL-KORAN'ISH, a. Relating to the Alkoran. 
AL'KO-RAN-IST, 7i. One who adheres strictly to the leltei 
of the Alkoran, rejecting all comments. The Persians are 
generally Alkoranists : the Turks, Arabs, and Tartars ad- 
mit a multitude of traditions. 
AL-KUS'SA, 71. A fish of the silurvs kind. 
ALL, (awl) a. [Sax. eal ; Dan. al ; G. all;S^\v. all.] 1. Ev. 
ery one, or the whole number of particulars. 2. The 
whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or de- 
AliL, adv. Wholly ; completely ; entirely. 
ALL, 71. I. The whole number. 2. The whole : the en 
tire thing ; the aggregate amount. This adjective ig 
much used as a noun, and applied to persons or things. — 
■^11 in all is a phrase which signifies, all things to a per- 
son, or every thing desired. — Jit all is a phrase much used 
by way of enforcement or emph.Tsis, usually in negative 
or interrogative sentences. He has no ambition at all ; 
that is, lint in the lea.^t desree. — Jill, in couiiKisition, en- 
larges the meaning, or adds force to a word ; and it is 
generally more emphatical than most. In some instan- 
ces, all is incorporated into words, as in alminhlu, air 
ready, aUcays ; hut in most instance*, it is an adjective 
prefixed to other words, but separated by a hyphen. 
ALI^AIiAN'DONED, a. Abandimed by all. 
ALL-AB HOR RED, o. Detested bv all. Shak. 
ALI^A€-f'O.MTLl.<HEn, a. Fully accomplished ; whose 

education is highly linislied. 
ALT^AD-.MjRMNG', a. Wholly admiring. Shak. 
ALL-AD VliS'En, a. Advised bv all. Warburton. 
ATJ^AP-PRnVED, a. Approved by all. More. 
ALIj-A-T()N'I.\G, a. Atoning for all. Drydcn. 
ALL-REAR'ING, a. Producing every thing ; omniparous 
ALL-IiEAC'iTE-OrS, a. Perfectlv beautiful. Pope. 
ALI^RE-lloLD'lNG, n. Beholding all things. 
ALL-BL.\ST'ING, a. lilasting all ; defaming or destroying 

all. Jifnrston. 
ALI^BOl'N'TE-OUS, ) a. Perfectly bountiful; of infinite 
ALI,-B()UN'TIFUL, ( bonntv. 
ALL-CHAN6'I.\G, a. Perpetually changing. Shak., 
ALI.,-rHr,EK'INO, a. That cheers all ; that gives gayety 

or cheerfulness to all. Shak. 
ALL-f'()M-MA!VD'ING, a. Having command or sovereign- 
ty over all. Raleigh. 
ATJ^fOM-PLY'lNG, a. Complyini: in every respect. 
ALI^COM-IT)?'ING, a. That makes all tranquil or peace- 
ful. Crash a tr. 
ALL-rOM-PRE-HE\iSIVE, a. Comprehending all things 

ALI^rOX-TP.AT.'ING, a. Hiding or concealing nil. 
ALL-CON (il'KIM.NG, a. That subdues all. .Wi7f,in. 
ALl^Ci )\ S( \< US, a. Conscious of all ; all knowing 
ALr,-Ci ).\ STi; AIN l.\'(;, n. Constraining nil. Drayton. 
ALT.-CI ).N-.>^f'.M l.\<;, a. That consumes or devours nil. 
ALIy-DAR'I.Nt;, a. Dnring to nllrmpt everv Ibing. .Innsan. 
ALL-DE-STROV'I.NG, a. Dt-stroying every thing. Fan 

ALI^DEVAP TA TING, a. Wasting everv thing. 
ALL-DE V< IIH l.\<;, .1. Kaling or consuming all. Popt 
ALL-DIMMING, a. Obscuring evtTV thing. Mnrston. 
ALI/-DIHf' (^V'ER-I.N'G, a. Discovering or disclo.-ing eveiy 

thing. Mive. 
ALI^DI.'i-<;RA'CEn, 0. Completelv disgmced. Shak. 
ALI^DIS-PRN.«'L\G, a. l)lgi>.>nsing nil Ihingii ; affordini 

diBpensatlon or perm ioslon . .Millnr. 
ALL-DI-VI.N'E', a. Hupremoly excellent. Uotrtll. 

• Bet Synopsis. MOVE, BOQK, DOVE -BI.'LL, U\ITE.-C as K ; G M J ; 8 an Z ; CU a« SH ; TH as in this, f ObsoUtt 



/yl.l. HI \'TN INIi, a. I'lTi !• llniR nil tlilnn. Faiuhate 

/\l.l. liKi; \l> i;il, u. Krcii.j.Ml l.y (III. Shul. 

|\l,l. i:i' ri'tlKNT, a. of ixrliTl or uiilliiilletl cdlrncy or 
rlllf iniry. 

Al,l^i:i.<) <il'r..N"r, a. I'ltiqucnt III tlir lilKhrat dr([rcn. 

^LLIIM IIUA'CI.NCi, a. Kiiiliriirliii nil (.iini[it. lr,i»hau>. 

AM>-r.Mt IMi, a. ruttlliR nil riiil li> nil lliiii,lii. Shak. 

At,L-i:.N l.lliiri'K.N-IM;, <i. Kiilieliitiilnii ull llilngi. 

^I.UKN KA ('JI'.D, a. Illnlily iTiriRid. /I„tl. 

ALI,-KI.A AIIN(i, (1. i'laiiiiiii in nil iliri'clliiiui. Iltaumont. 

,M,I^I'001,* l»A V, n. Tlir llnrt of April. 

I<^I,I^I''(IU CIV IMi, n. i'orxiviiiK or n:ir<l<inlnK nil. 

^\I.I^K0l/KS, II. A gniiin nt rnrilii, pLiynl by two or fniir 
[M'nMinii. — ■/'« go an ull four.i la to move or walk on four 
li'i;*, or on the* (wo lr|;ii anil two ariiu). 

/\l.l^;iV'i;U, n. 'I'ho (iivrrofnll lliiii|!». ^t,Uon. 

A\.\^UM^\V, a. I'oiiiplrH-ly bimhI. Drv'ttn. 

Al.l/-<;OOI>', II. Tlin name o? the plant good-Henry. 

AM/-<:KXr|()( S, a. IVrrtctly Kriciouii. 

AI-!.-<JL;TI»'I.\H, a. Culiling or condiirtlng nil thlnRB. 

'(\\.\.-\i\\\J,frd. [a//,nn.l Sax.Aj>(, tir.'Utli.l All health ; n 
phrrio of (laliitnlion, rxprc-winR a wi«h or all health or 
lafety to the iwrwin adilri-MHcd. 

AI.I^1IAI/I,< "Iv, ) n. All Saiiil-s' day, the first of Novem- 

^LI^IIAL'I.oW.f, ( ber; a feast dedicated to oil the 
snint.i In Rcnoml. 

AI,I/-IIAI/I.()\V-T1DE, n. The time near All Saints, or 
November Ural. 

At.I^ll AT I'V, a. Completely happy. 

AM.-HP..\L', It. The iropiilar nanie of Bevernl planta. 

AM--MkAI/IN(;, a. llealinR all thinps. Sclden. 

AM>-lll'.M' I.NC, <i. Assi^rtinR all. Sclden. 

AI.I^11TI»'1.N<:. 1. Conoealinc all thiiips. Shak. 

AI.l,-Il(i.N()llKI), a. Honored by all. Shak. 

AM^Iirin'l.VC, a. HurlinR nil thines. Shak. 

AI.I;r-I l)<)I^I-7.IN(;, a. Worshiping every thing. Crashaw. 

AI.I.,-I.M'I-T.\-T1NG, a. Imitating every thing. JMore. 

ALr>-IN-FOR,M'I.N'i;, a. .Vctiiating nil by viuil powers. 

AM^IN'TKK-EST-ING, a. Interesting in the highest de- 

ALI^IX-TERTRET-ING.a. Explaining allthings. Milton. 

aLi^JI'HO'I.N'G, rt. Judging all , possessing the sovereign 
rieht of judging. Jlotre. 

ALL-JrsT', a. T'erfectly just. 

AI.K-KIND', a. Perfectly kind or benevolent. 

AM/-KN'o\V'IXG, a. Having all knowledge ; omniscient. 

AlAr LT'CfcXSEl), a. Licensed to every thing. Shak. 

AM^Li'jV'l.NG, a. Of infinite love. jMure. 

/VLL-Ma'KJNG, a. Makinf or creating all ; omnific. 

AM>^MA-TCR'ING, a. Maturing all things. Dryden. 

ALLMF.RVI-FUL, a. Of perfect mercy or compassion. 

AIiI<i-MI'R'r)F,U-ING,(i. Killing or destroying every thing. 

AM.-0-BlVni-ENT, (1. Entirely obedient. Crashaw. 

Al.I/-0-ltgV'lNG, (I. Receiving obedience from r.U. 

Ar.I>-<)n-l,lV l-ors, «. C,u;si:.2 total oblivion. Shak. 

ALI.,-OIl-.<(TR'l.\(;, n. Obscuring every thing. Kinsr. 

AIil-/-PA'TIE.\T, a. Enduring every thing without mur- 

ALI,-PE\'E-TRA-Tr\G, a. Penetrating every thing. 

AM^PER'FKeT, a. Completely perfect. 

ALLPER'FEeT-\ES.S, n. The perfection of the whole ; 
•ntire perfection. More. 

ALIr-PIEU'CING, a. Piercing every thing. Marston. 

AT-I^POW'ER-FUL, a. .\lmightv ; omnipotent. Swift. 

AU^r\lM='i:n, a. Praised by ail. Shak. 

AEI/-ROE'I.\G, a. Governing all things. Milton. 

ALLr^.V-GA'CIOUS, a. Having all sagacity ; of perfect dis- 

AMv-SAINTS'-DAY, n. The first day of November, called 
also till-hnllntr.t ; a feast in honor of all the saints. 

AI,I^^ANC'TI-F?-ING, a. Sanctifying the whole. West. 

/kI,I,-PAViING a. Saving all. Sehlen. 

AM,-SE ARCH'ING, a. Pervading and searching every 
thinff. S»)ith. 

AI.I^-^F.E'IXG, (!. Peeing every thing. Dryden. 

AI.I/-SF.F.R', n. One that sees everv thing. Shah. 

AI.Iy-SHAK'ING, a. Shaking all things. Shak. 

AM^«llI'\'NF.r), n. Shunned by all. Shak. 

ALI^-^'JeM'l.s'-nAY, n. The second day of November ; a 
feast or solemnity held by the church of Rome, to suppli- 
cate for the souls of the faithful deceased. 

^LE'-SPTCE, n. The berry of the pimento. 

AEL-Pi;F-n"riF.N-rY, n. Complete or infinite ability. 

A^''^'-'f""'^"'-""^-^T,a. Sufficient to every thing; infinite- 
ly able. Honker. 

AEL-SUF-IT'CIENT, n. The all sufficient Being ; God. 

AM^lTR-ROl'NIVING, a. Encompa.-«ing the whole. 

AEI^TR-VEV'ING, n. Puneving every tiling. 
AM^«C8-TAI\ ING. a. L'phoi4ing all things. 

.\EL.-TELL'I\G, a. Telling or divulging every thing. 
<VLUTRTUMPH-I.VG, a. Triumphant every where or 
over all. Jonson, 


/VI.I^VVATCII'EI), a. Wntrhed Ihroufhout. 8kak. 

Al.l.- VVfiAK , a. I'lMieiuuul of liiliiille wuidoin. Soulk. 

Al.l.-VVrr'l KM, n. Ilaviiig all kuidn of wit. .lunjon. 

AI.I^-VVOK'HIIirKH, a. \\or«hi|)ed or lulored by all. 

/^M.-NVoKTIIV, a. Of Inlinlte worth; of tlie higheal 

AI/I.A-<Jri'E, n. A mineral. 

AI.'NA.N ri'E, n. A mineral. A niliceoiu oiyd ofcerlufii 

Al. I.A.N-TOIS', or Al. I.AN-TOII)', n. (Gr. aX>a« and 
(ii!o(.] A thin membrane, Rituoted between ttiu chorion 
niid nninion In c|uadru|M-dH. 

t Af.'I.A 'IRATE, r. «. [i.. allalro.] To bark, aji a di^!. 

Al- EA^'", r. e. [f'ax. nlerjran. alrgan.] I. 'I'o make rjuiet ; 
to pacify, or nppttuic. 'J. '1 o abate, mitignte, Kubdiie, i»r 
destroy, .'i. 'Id obtund or renrcus un acrimony. 4. fur- 
mrrlij, to reduce the purity of; an, to allay metals, lint, 
in this sense, alloy is now eiclunively used. See Allot. 

AEE.^V', n. I. Furmerhj. a ba.ser metal mixed with a 
finer ; but. In thin nense, it is now written alloy, vhuh tee. 
a. That which allays, or abates the predominant qualities. 

AL-EAY'ED, (al-llde') pp. I-ayed at rest; quieted; tran- 
quili/ed ; abated ; [reduced by mixture. Obt.] 

AL-EAV'ER, n. He, or that, which allays. 

AIj-LAY'I.\'(;, ppr. Cluieting ; reducing to tranquillity 
abating ; [reducing by mixture. 06i.] 

AL-E.AY'MENT, n. The act of quieting ; a state of rest ai 
ter disturbance ; abatement ; ease. Shak. 

AE'EE, (ally) n. The little auk, or black and white diver 

t AL-EEeT', V. t. To entice. Huloel'a JJirl. 

t AL-LE€T-A'TIO.\, n. Allurement ; enticement. Colet. 

t AL-EEtTIVE, a. Alluring. Chaucer. 

t AI^EECT'IVE, n. Allurement. F.lwt. 

AL-IiEDGE , (al-ledj') v. t. [L. alleiro.] 1. To declare ; to 
affirm ; to assert ; to pronounce with positiveness. 9. 
To produce as an argument, plea, or excuse ; to cite or 

t AI^LEDGE'.\-BLE, n. That may be alledged. Broim. 

AL-LEI)G'ED, (al-ledjd') pp. Allirmed ; asserted, witether 
as a charge or a plea. 

t AI^EEDfiE'ME.NT, n. Allegation. 

ALLEDG ER, n. One who affirms or declares. 

.My-LEDG I.NG, ppr. Asserting ; averring j declaring. 

AE-LE-GA'TIO.\, n. 1. Affirmation; pf>sitive a-ssertion or 
declaration. 2. That which is affirmed or a.sserled ; that 
which is offered as a plea, excuse, or justification. — 3. In 
ecclesiastical courts, declaration of charges. 

ALLEGE'. See Alledoe. 

AL-Lk'GF--AS, or .\L-Le GI-AS, n. A stuff manufactured 
in the East Indies. 

t AL-LEGE'.ME.NT, n. Allegation. 

AL-LE-GHa'NJ^A.V, a. Pertaining to the mountains call- 
ed Alleghany, or Alleghei.nv. 

AL-LE-GHA'.NY, n. The chief ridge of the ereat chains of 
mountains which ran from N. E. to S. W. through the 
Middle and Southern States of North .America. 

AL-LP.'GI-ANCB, n. [old Fr., from L. alli^o.] The tie or 
obligation of a subject to his prince or government; the 
duty of fidelity to a king, government, or state. 

t AL-LE'GLANT, a. Loyal. Shak. 

AL-LE-GOR'ie, j a. In the manner of allegory ; fignra- 

AL-LE-GOR'I-€AL, I live. 

AL-LE-GOR'I-€.\L-LY, adv. In a figurative manner ; by 
way of allegory 

AL-LE-GOR'I-€.\L-NESP,?i. TTie quality of being allegori- 

AL'LE-GO-RIST,n. One who teaches in an allegorical man- 
ner, ff'histon. 

AL'LE-GO-RTZE, v. t. 1. To form an alleeory ; to tiini in- 
to allegory. 2. To understand in an allegorical sense. 

AE'Lt^GO-RT'/E, r. i. To use allecory. 

AT.'I,E GO-RT'/ED, ;ip. Turned into allegory. 

AL'LE-<^f>-RI-7.L\G, ppr. Turning into allegorj', or un- 
derstanding in an allegorical sense. 

AL'LE-GO-RY, n. [Gr. aXXiTj-opia.] .\ figurative sentence 
or discourse, in which the principal subject is described 
by another subject resembling it in its properties and cir- 
cumstances. The principal subject is thus kept out of 
view, and we are left to collect the intentions of the writ- 
er or s|>eaker, by the resemblance of the secondarj' to the 
firiinary subject. Allegory is in words \vhat hieroglvph- 
cs are in painting. \Ve have a fine example of an alle- 
gory in ihe eightieth psalm. 

.^L-I-E-GRET'TO, [from allearo,] denotes, in mv.'rie^ b 
movement or time "quicker than andante, but not so qu:ek 
as allesTO. Busbv. 

.\L-LP.GRO. fit.'mrrrw, f*cer/Vi/.] In mu.Wc, a word de- 
noting a brisk movement ; a sprightly part or strain. 

AI^LE-LP'IAH, n. [Heb rt" ^SSn.] Praise to Jehovah ; • 
word used to denote pious joy and exultation, chiefly io 
hymns and anthems. 

AL^LE-M.\ND', n. A slow air in common time, or grave, 
solemn music, with a slow movement. Also a brisk dance 

• att Synopsis, i, £, T, C, C, Y, lon^.-F.Wi, FALL, WH.\T ;— PKBY ;-PI.\ MARLXE, DiRD ;- t ObsoleU. 


AL I^E-MAN'Nie, a- Belonging to the .ilemanni, ancient 
Germans, and to Aleinannia, their country. 

AL-LEK lu\, n. In heraldnj, an eagle without beak or 
feet, with expanded wings. 

.\L-LE-VEOK', n. A small Swedish coin. 

ALrLE'VI-ATE, V. t. (Low L. aileow.] I. To make light ; 
but always in a figurative sense, lo remove in ^.iu ; to 
lessen ; to mitigate ; applied to evils ; as, to alleviate sor- 
row. 9. To make less by representation ; lo extenuate 

AL-LE'VI-A-TEL), pp. Made lighter ; mitigated ; eased •, 

AL-Le'V/-A-T1NG, ppr. Making lighter, or more tolera- 
ble ; extenuating. 

AL-LE-VI-aTIO.V, n. 1. The act of lightening, allaying, 
or extenuating ; a lessening, or mitigation. 2. That which 
lessens, mitigates, or makes more tolerable. 

f AL-LE'VI-A-TIVE, II. That which mitigates. 

AL'LEY, (al'ly) n. [Fr. alUe.] 1. A walk in a garden ; a 
narrow passage. 2. A narrow passage or way in a city, 
as distinct from a public street. 

AL-Ll-A'CEOUS, a. [L. allium.] Pertaining to allium, or 
garlic. Barton. 

AL-LI'A\CE, n. [Ft. alliance.] i. The relation or union 
between t'omilies, contracted by marriage. 2. The union 
between nations, contracted by compact, treaty, or league. 
3. The treaty, league, or compact, wliicli is the instru- 
ment of confederacy. 4. Any union or connection of in- 
terests between persons, families, states, or corporations. 
5. The persons or parties allied. .idUisun. 

t AI^LI'A.NT, n. An ally. tVottoii. 

AL-LI"CIE.\-<;Y, n. [Ij. allicio.] Tbe power of attracting 
any thing ; attraction ; magnetism. Olanville. ILitlle 

t AL-LI"CFENT, n. That which -ttracts. 

AL-Ll'EI). (al-IIde')y|». Connected by marriage, treaty, or 

AI.'M-GATE, V. t. [L. alligo.] To tie together ; to unite 
by some tie. 

AL-LI-GA'TIO.\, n. 1. The act of tying together. [Little 
u-ted.] 2. A rule of arithmetic, for finding the price or 
value of compounds consisting of ingredients of iliflerunt 

AL-Iil-(;.X'TOR, n. [Sp. lan-arto.] The American crocodile. 

AL-LI-<;An"OR-PE.\R, n. A West India fruit. 

Aly-LIG'A-TURE, n. See Ligature, which is the word in 

AL-ETNE'MENT, n. [Fr. ali^nemevt.] A reducing to a 
line, or to a square ; a line ; a row. Jisiat. Re.i. 

AI''I'l-OTH, 71. A star in the tail of the great bear. 

AL-IJS'ION, (al-llzh un) n. [h.aUidu.] A striking against. 

AL-LITER-A'TION, n. [L. ad and litcra.] The repeti- 
tion of the same letter at the beginning of two or more 
words immediately succeeding each other, or at short in- 

AI>-L1T'ER-A-TIVE, a. Pertaining to, or consisting in, al- 

AL-LO-eA'TION, n. [L.adanA locatio.] The act of putting 
one thing to another ; hence its usual sense is the admis- 
Binn of an article of account, or an allowance made upon 
an account ; a term u.sed in the English excliequei. 

AI.'I.O-t'IlKO-ITE, n. .\n amorphous, massive, opake min- 
eral, fiiunil in Norway. 

AL-I,< )-CO'TI()N, n. [L. alloculio.] I. The act or manner 
of speaking to. 2. An address ; a formal address. Jiddi- 
ton. [Rarely uaed.] 

AL-I-()'I)I-AI>, a. Pertaining to allodium ; held independ- 
ent of a lord paramount ; opposed Ui feudal. 

AL-IjO'I)I-AN is sometimes used, but not authorized. 

AL-Lol)l-UM, n. [VT.alhu.] Freehold estate ; land which 
is the absolute property of the owner ; real estate held in 
nlisolute indcpciKlciirr, without being subject to any rent, 
Bervice, or acknuwleil;;ineut toasuperior It is thus op- 
IKwed to feud. In England, there is no allodial land, all 
land being held of the king ; but in the United States, 
mnet lands are allodial. 

AL-L(j\6E', (al-lunj') n. fFr. allnnaer.] 1. A pass with 
a sword ; a thrust made by stepping forward and extend- 
ing the arm ; a term used in fencing, often contracted into 
luTifTc. 2. A long rein, when a horse is trolled in the hand. 
AI^EOO, V. t. or t. To incite dogs by a call. See IIal- 


AL'I.O-PHANE, n [Gr. nXXo?.] A mineral. 

\ WJ.O-dVY, n .Address ; conversation. 

AI^LOT', 7). t. [if ad and lot.] I. To divide or distribute 
by lot. 2 To distribute, or parrel out in parLs or por- 
tions ; or to distribute a sliare to earli individual concern- 
ed, n. To gr.tnt, as a portion ; to give, assign, or ap|>oint 
in general. 

ALr-LOT'MENT, n 1. Thnt which is allotted; n Blinre, 
part, or portion granted or distributed ; that which is ns- 
gigned by lot. 9. A part, portion, or place appropriated. 

AL-LOT'TEL), pp. Distributed by lot ; granted ; .-Lssigned. 



AL-EOT'TER-Y is used by Shaifpeare for allolment, but 
is not authoriiLed by usage. 

AL-LO'ITl.NG, ppr. Uislribi iting by lot; giving as por- 
tions : assigning. 

AL-EO\V' r. I. [Fr. allouer.] 1. To grant, five, or yield 
2. To aamit ; to own or acknowledge. 3. To approve, 
justify, or sanction. -1. 'lo ailurd, or grant xs a c. uijien- 
sation. 5. To abate or deduct. 0. 'i'o permit , to grant 
license to. 

AL-EOW'A-BLE, a. That may be remiitted as lawful, or 
admitted as true and proper ; not forbid ; not unlawful oi 

AL-LOW'i A-BLE-NESS, ti The quality of being allowable : 

AL-LOVV'A-BLY, adv. In an allowable manner. 

AI^LOW ANCE, n. 1. The act of allowing. 2. Pennission ; 
license ; approbation -, sanction -, usually slight approba- 
tion. 3. Aamission ; assent to a fact or stale of ihinga • a 
granting. 4. Freedom from restraint ; indulgence. f>. 
That which is allowed ; a portion appointed ; a stated 
quantity, as of food or drink ; hence, in seaincn''d lanr- 
f^age,a limited quantity of meat and drink, %vhen provis- 
ions fall il;jrt. 6. .•\bateinent ; deduction. 7. Establish- 
ed charac'er ; reputation. [OA,s.] Shak. 

AL-LOVV'A.N(JE, v. t. To put upon ajlowance ; to restrain 
or limit to a certain quantity of provisions or drink. 

AI^LOVV'ED, (al-lowd') pp. Granted ; permitted ; x«sentcd 
to ; admitted ; approved ; indulged ; appoiiilcd ; abated. 

AE-LOVV'ER, n. One that approves or authorizes. 

AL-EO\V'I.NU, ppr. Granting ; permitting ; admitting ; ap- 
proving ; indulging ; deducting. 

AL-LOY', V. t. [Fr. allicr.] 1. To reduce the purity of a 
metal, by mixing with it a portion of one less valuable. 
2. To mix metals. Lavoisier. 3. To reduce or abate by 

AL-LOY', n. I. A baser metal mixed with a finer. 2. The 
mixture of different metals ; any metallic compound. 3. 
Evil mixed with good. 

AL-LOY'AciE, 71. [Fr. alliase.] 1. The act of alloying met- 
als, or the mixture of a baser metal with a finer, to reduce 
Its purity ; the act of mixing metals. 2. 'i'he mixture of 
different metals. Lavoisier. 

AL-LOY'ED, (al-loyd') pp. Mixed ; reduced in purity ; de- 
based ; abated by foreign mixture. 

AL-LOY'ING, ppr. Mixing a baser metal with a finer, to 
reduce its purity. 

ALL'SPICE. t?ed under the compounds of all. 

ALL?, 71. All one's goods. .\ Vulcarism. 

t'AL-LI'-BE.SCEN-CY, n. Willingness ; content. 

AL-Lf'DE', 7-. t. [L. alludii.] To refer to something not di- 
rectly mentioned ; to have reference ; to hint at by re- 
mote suggestions. 

AL-LUU'1.\G, jtpr. Having reference , hinting at. 

-Mi-LCMf-NOR, II. [Fr. allumer.] ( )ne who colors or painta 
upon paper or parchment, giving I'glil and ornament to 
letters and figures. This is now written Iwnier. 

AL-LORE', r. t. fFr. leurrer.] To attempt to draw *o ; to 
tempt by the ofler of some good, real or apparent ; to in- 
vite by something flattering or acceptable. 

f.'VL-LvRE , 71. Now written lure. 

AL-LOR'EI), (al-lurd') pp. Tempted ; diawn, or invited, 
by something that appears desirable. 

AL-LCRE'.MENT, «. That which allures ; any real or ap- 
parent good held forth, or operating, as a motive to action ; 
temptation; enticement. 

AL-LfiR'ER, 71. He, or that, which allures. 

AL-LCR'ING, ppr. 1. Drawing : tempting ; inviting by 
some real or apparent good. 2. a. Inviting ; having tb« 
quality of attracting or tempting. 

.\L-LuR'ING-LY, adv. In an alluring manner ; enticingly. 

AL-L\"R ING-NE?S, 7i. The quality of alluring. 

AL-LC'?IUN, (al lu'-7.hun) 71. f Fr., from altu.-n'. Low L.J A 
reference to something not explicitly mentioned ; a hint ; 
a suggestion. 

AL-LO'SIVI',, a. Having reference to something not nillir 

AL-LC SIVR-LY, adv. By way of nlln«ion. 

AL-LV'SIVE NES'', 71. Thequalily of hemg allusive. 

AI/-Lf''SO-UY, a. Allusive ; insinuating. Urath. 

AL-LO'VI-AL, a. 1. Pertaining to nlluvion ; added ;o land 
by the wash of waKr. 2. W ashed ashore or down a 
stream ; formed by a current of water A'lnrait. 

AI^Lfi'VI-ON, (71. [L- alluri.:] 1. The insensible in- 

AL-LC'Vl-l'M 1 rrease of earth on n shore, or bar k of B 
river by the force of water, as by a rurrent or by waves. 
2. A'gr'adiinl w.Tshini! or carrying of earlb or other sub- 
stances to a shore or bank ; the earth thus added. :i. The 
mass of siilislaiires collected by means of the action of 
water. Bucklnnd. 

AI,-Lr'VI-tlUr«, a. The Muneaaa/<ut7ia{, and leg* frequent- 
ly used. . 

ALLY', r. t. fFr. n//irr.] 1. To unite, or form n relalinn. 
ns between (Hniillesby marrifig", or between princes and 
stales by treaty, league, or coiifederary. 2. To form a 

• See Sjpwpais. MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ;— BIJLL. UNtTE.— C as K ; G as J ; S as Z ; CI' a« 511 i Til as in this, t Obsolm 


relation b» ■Imllltucio, mirtiililanrp, or rrlrmlablp.- — Voir. 
Thiit w >ri la ii.xrr Knirrully uaril In iIht imxaivn roriii, OJ, 
luiiillli** urn biKcii i>y blcMxi ; or rcci|irucally, lu, priiicca 
<i/?y Ikfinirlm 'n pnwrrlul iilutra. 

AI» 1.7', (1. I. A priiicn or ulule uiill^d hy treaty or Irnjuo ; 
n roiif' ilrnitci. 'J. i Uir ri lalru oy iiinrrln|[n or oilier lie. 

AI^I.VIN<;, pi'r. I'liiliiiK by iiuirrlanc or Irenly 

AI.'.MA (AN TAK. See Almcia nri k. 

Al.'.M A l>II', 11. A bark cniii»» u«ril liy ibo Afrlcniia ; oliio, ti 
long biuil uwid nl L'nilc it, in India. 

Al/ M A OICST, II. [rt/,nnd 'ir ^lyiirri;.] A l>ook or M'lec- 
iii>n oriirobleiiii In iistron' iny mid groinrlry. 

Al. M \'<.KA, »i. A line, drrp red <K-bro. 

(^I.'MA-.NAC, II. (Ar.f A mniill b.«.k or, ronlnlninR 
n culviidnr ofdnyn, werkH, iind moiith!i, wilh Ibe linica of 
thn rifling of llic niui and iiicHin, cliaiiK''" <>r Ibn moon, 
cci.piieii, boiin of f\il1 tide, Nlnlrd ri'<itiviila of cliurrlieH, 
Htutcd tcrina orrourt>i, obarrvationa on llie wcallier, &.C., 
for tlie yonr cnninng. 

AL'MA ^3A(•-MA-Kl:ll, n. A ninker of nlmanaca 

AI.'MAN DINK, ii. [Kr.J PrrrloiiH garnet. 

Ali'MK, or AI,'M.\, n. (•iris In Kgypt, whose occupation la 
to aniline company with Ringing and dancing. 

AI,-MK N.A, n. A weight of two (xiundH. 

Al, MIt;irr l-.\l>!S, n. Omiiipotenre ; infinite or bound- 
less power i an altrthute nf (hid onhj. 

Al- Mitiirr V, a. rossessing all power; omnipotent; be- 
' ing of unlimited might ; being or boundless suliiciency. 

j\L-MI(:ilT Y, n. The omnipotent God. 

• .\L'Ml).\D, (it Is popularly pronounced Wmond.) n. [Fr. 
amanrff.) I. The fruit of the almond tree. '2. The foii- 
aila, two elands near the basis of the tongue, are called 
almond.1, from their resemblance to that nut. — 3. In Pur- 
tugal, a measure by which wine is sold. — 4 Among 
lapidaries, almonds are pieces of rocky crystal, used in 
adorning branch candlesticks. 

Al.MO.N'l'-ri'R NA(;K, nmong refiners, is a furnace in 
which the slags of litharge, lell in refining silver, are re- 
duced to lead, by the help of charcoal. 

AI.'MoND-TKKE, n. The tree which produces the almond. 

AI/M()\D-\VIL'LOVV, n. A kind of tree. 

AI/M()N-ER, ri. An otticer whose duty is to distribute char- 
ity or alms. The grand almoner. In France, is the first 
ecclesiastical dignitary, and has tJie superintendence of 

AI. MoN-RY, n. [corrupted into ambry, aumbrti, or aum- 
rry.] The place where tlie almoner resides, or where the 
aliiM are distributed. 

• AL-MOt<T', adi\ Nearly ; veil nigh ; for the greatest part. 
ALMS, (am?.) 71. [Sa.T. almes.] Any thing given gratuitous- 
ly to relieve the poor, as money, food, or clotliing. 


AL.\I.S-0(1X, > n. Vessels appropriated to receive alms. 


XL!M!»''-nEi;D, n. Ax, act of charity ; a charitable girt. 

I ALMS'-FOLK, n. Persons supporting others by alms. 

ALM? -GIV-P:R, n. One who gives to the poor. 

XLM.«'-GIV-ING, n. The bestowment of charity. 

ALMS'-IIOUSE, n. A house appropriated for the use of the 

poor, who are supported by the public. 
XL.MS'-MEN, In. Persons supported by charity or by 

XLM?'-PeC)-PER, \ public provision. 
ALML'-CAN-TAR, n. [Ar.] A aeries of circles of the 

sphere passing through the centre of the sun, or of a star, 

parallel to the horizon. 
AL MU-CAN-TAR'S STAFF. An instrument having an 

arch of fifteen degrees, used to take observations of tlie 

AL-MODE, n. A wine measure in Portugal. 
AL'MUG, or AL'GUM, n. In &np/«;-c, a tree or wood, 

about which the learned are not agreed. 
AL'N.\GE, n. [Fr. aulnage.]A measuring by the ell. 
AL NA-6ER, or AL'NA-G.A.R, n. A measurer by the ell. 
AL'NIGHT, n. A cake of wax witli the wick in the midst. 

AL'OE, (al o) n. ; plu. Aloei, (al oze) [L. aloU ; Gr. a\ori.'\ 

In botany, a genus of monogynian heiatuiers, of many 

siiecies ; all natives of warm climates. 
AL'OES, in medicine, is the inspissated juice of the aloe ; a 

stimulating stomachic purgative. 
AL'OE^-WOOI), n. See Aoali-ochum. 
AL-O-ET IC, or AL-O-ET I-CAL, o. Pertaining to aloe or 

aloes ; partaking of the qualities of aloes. 
AL-O-ET' It", II. A medicine consisting chiefly of aloes. 
A-LOFT', adr. 1. On high; in the air; high above the 

ground.— 2. In seamen''s language, in the top; at the 

mast head ; or on the higher yards or rigcing. 
A-LOFT , prep. Above, .mito,,. 
A-LO0I-.\N», n. [Gr. o and Xoyot.] In church history, H 

sect of ancient heretics, who denied Jesus Christ to' be 

tlie [.ogos, 
AL'O-GO-TRO-PFIY, n. [Or. aXo) of and rpo^i,.] A dispro- 
portionate nutrition of the pnrtii of the bodv. 

28 ALT 

tALO<':Y, n [fir. a and Xoyo(.] UnreasontMflDMi } ab- 

■ urdlty. Uroa-n. 

A-l.CiSy,', a. [all and one; Cerm. atUin i I), alien.] I 
Hingle ; aolitnry ; without the prrarnce of aiirAber , appU 
ed to n |>enioii .<r thing. 'J. It ih uiiplird u> two or inore 
prrMina or tliinga, when Mepariite iroui olbem, In a lilac* 
or condition by themiM-lven ; without company. 'J. Only 

A LfiNi; arfr. Heparsilely ; by llnelf. 

t A l.n.M. I,V, a. or u'.'i'. "nly ; inerrly ; aingly. 

i A I.A.M'. NrJ^, n. That ktalc winch bclonss to no other 

A-L')NG, adv. [Pax. and-lang, nr ond^lang.] I. By tlM 
Irngtii ; Icnglhwinc ; In a line with the lenfth. V. On- 
ward ; in a line, or with a progrediiivc motion. — 111 along 
aignifies the whole length ; through the whole diatance.— 
jjliing tritlt aignifieH in company ; joined with. — filong 
nde, in tramenU language, Rigniiiea aide by aide. — llong 
shore is by the shore or coast, lengthwiw;, and near the 
ahorr. l.-jtng along is lying on tlie aide, or pre«ed down 
by the weight of aail. 

t A-L<i.N<;.'^'l , adn. Along ; through, or by the length. 

,\-L<.l9K', adv. 1. At a distance, but within view, or at a 
email distance. 2. .Not concerned in a design ; declining 
to take nn^ ahare ; keeping at a distance from the point, 
or matter in debate. 

AL'f)-PE-C'Y, n. [Gr. aXuiri/f.] A disease called the /ox 
evil, or tcurf, which is a falling offofthe hair. 

A-Lf)'SA, 71. A fish of passage, called the shad. 

A-LOUU', adv. Loudly ; with a loud voice. 

t A-LoW, adv. In a low place. 

ALP, ALPS, 71. [qu. Gr. aX^oj ; L. aliu,».] A high moiin 
tain. The name, it is supp>osed, was originally given to 
mountains whose tops were covered with snow. 

AL-PAG'NA,n. An animal of Peru. 

AL'PHA, 71. [Ileb. 1l'?K ] The first letter in the Greek al- 
phabet, answering to A, and used to denote firti, or ie- 
ginnxng. As a numeral, it stands for one. 

ALPHA-BET, 71. [(Jr. aX^a and ^i;ra.] The letter* of a 
language arranged in the customary order. 

AL'PIIA-HET, r. t. Toarrange in the order of an alphabet ; 
to form an alphabet in a book, or designate the leaves b/ 
the letters of the alphabet. 

AI^PHA-BET-A'RI-A\, n. A learner while In the A, B,C. 

AL-PHA-BET'ie, j a. In the order of an alphabet, or 

AI^PHA-BET I-CAL, \ in the order of the letters as cus- 
tomarily arranged. 

AL-PHA-BET I CAL-LY, adv. In an alphabetical man 
ner ; in the customary order of the letters. 

AL-PIIE .NIX, 71. White barley sugar, used for colds. 

AL'PHEST, 71. A small fish. 

AL-PIIO.N SIX, 71. A surgical instrument for extracting 
bullets from wounds. 

AL-PHOiNiSlN Ta BLES. Astronomical tables made by 
Alphonsus, king of Arragon. Bailey. 

AL PIIUS, 71. [Gr. aX<pos.] That species of leproey called 

♦AL'PTNE, a. [h. alpinvs.] 1. Pertaining to the Alps, or to 
any lofty mountain ; very high ; elevated. 2. Growing 
on high mountains. 

* AL Pi.N'E, 71. .\ kind of strawberry growing on lofty billa. 

AL'PIST, or ALPIA, 7i. The seed of the foxtail. 

AL'Q.UIER, 71. A measure in Portugal. 

AL'aUI-FOU, 71. A sort of lead ore. 

AL-READ'Y, (all-red'-e) adv. Literally, & state nf complete 
preparation ; but, by an easy dejlectwn, the sense ij, at 
this time, or, at a specified time. 

t ALS, adv. .^Iso ; likewise. Spenser. 

aLSO, adv. [all and so ; Sax. eal and sva.] Likewise , 
" in like manner. 

ALT, or ALTO, a. [It.] In 77iusif, a term applied to high 
notes in the scale. 

AL-T.^ IC, nr AI^TX IAN, a. [Tart, alatav.] Pertaining 
to the Altai. 

AL'TAR, 71. [L. altarc.'] 1. .A mount ; a table, or elevated 
place, on which sacrinces were anciently offered to some 
deity. 2. In modern churches, the communion table , 
and, figurativetv, a church ; a place of worship. 

ALT.\R-CLOTH, n. A cloth to lay upon an altar io 

AL TAR-PIRCE, n. A painting placed over the altar in s 
church. H'arlon. 

AL T.\R-\V1SE, adr. Placed in the manner of an altar. 
■ Hotcell. 

ALT.\R-AGE, 71. The profits arising to priests from obla- 

AL'TAR-IST, j 7». In «/d /<J7f.'>, the priest to whom the 

ALTAR-TH.ANE, i altarage belonged ; also, a chaplain 

ALTER, r.r. [rt.altcrer l^. alter.] ). To make some 
change in ; to make different in some particular ; to vary 
in some degree, without an entire change. 2. To change 
entirely or materially. 

^L TER, V. i. To become 'n some respecu, different ; to 

• *« Sti'^opiU. X, E, r, 0, C, t, lens -FXR, F,^LL, WH.^T.-PBgV ; PI-N. M.\BLNE, BIRD;— \ ObtoUtt. 


ftl,TER-A-BIL'I-TY, n. The quality of being susceptible 
uf alleratiun. 

^L'l'CK-A IILE, o. That may become diflierenl; that may 

AIVi^ER-A-BLE-XESS, n. The quality of admitting alter- 
ation: variableo .;ss. 

^L TER-A-BLV, adv. In a manner that may be altered, or 

jVL'rEK-A(jE, »i. [fromL. aio.] The breeding, nourishing 
or fostering of a child. [jVot an Englixk tcord.] 

AL'TEK-AMT, a. Altering ; gradually changing. 

ALTER-AiNT, n. A medicine which gradually corrects 

" the state of the body ; an alterative. 

AL-TER-A'TION, n. [L. aUcratio.] 'J'he act of making 

' different, or of varying iu some particular ; an altering, or 

Eartial change. 
'T ER-A-TI VE, a. Causing alteration ; having the power 

"to alter. 

^L'TER-A-TIVE, n. A medicine which gradually induces 
'a change in the habit or constitution, and restores bealUjy 

AL'TER-€ATE, v. i. fL. altercor.] To contend in words ; 
to dispute with zeal, neat, or anger ; to wrangle. 

AL-TER-CA'TION, 71. [L. alurcatio.] Warm contention 
in words ; dispute carried on with heat or anger ; contro- 
versy ; wrangle. 

AL'TERN, a. [L. allernu3.'\ Acting by turns : one suc- 
ceeding another ; altemale, which is tlie woro generally 

AL'TER-NA-CY, n. Performance or actions by turns. 
[Little used.] 

AL-TERN'AL, a. Alternative. [Little uaed.] 

AL-TERN'AL-LY, ado. liy turns. May. [Little used.] 

AL-TERN'ATE, a. \t.. allemalus.] Being by turns ; one 
following the other m succession of time or place ; hence, 

ALr-TERN'ATE, n. That which happens by turns with 
something else ; vicissitude. Prior. 

* AL TERN- ATE, c. t. [L. alterno.] To perform by turns, 
or in succession ; to cause to succeed by turns ; to change 
one thing for another reciprocally. 

* AL'TERiN'-ATE, v. i. 1 . To happen or to act by turns. 2. 
To follow reciprocally in place. 

AL-TERN'.\TE-LY, adv. In reciprocal succession ; by 
turns, so that each is succeeded by that which it succeeds, 
as night follows day, and day follows night. 

AL-TERiN'ATE-NE.«S, n. The quality of being alternate, 
or of following in succession. 

AL'TERN-A-TIXG, /»;»•. Performing or following by turns. 

AL-TERNa'TION, n. 1. The reciprocal succession of 
things in time or place ; the act of following and being 
followed in succession. 2. The different changes, or al- 
tera "ions of orders, in numbers. 3. The answer of the 
congregation speaking alternately with the iniiiistcr. 4. 
Alternate performance, in the choral sense. 

AL-TER.\'A-TIVE, a. [Ft. alter natif.] Offering a choice 
of two things. 

AL-TERN A-TIVE, ji. That which may be chosen or 
omitted ; a choice of two things, so that if one is taken, 
the other must be left. 

AL-TEKN A-TIVE-LY, adv. In the manner of alterna- 
tives : in a manner that admits the choice of one out of 
two things. 

AL-TERN'A-TIVE-NESS, n. The quality or state of being 

AU-TERN'I-TY, n. Succession by turns ; alternation. 

AL-THE'A, n. [Gr. a\Qaia.] In botany, a genus of jinlyan- 
drian vionadel])hs, of several species ; called in English 

^I.-'f HoUGIl', (all-tho') obs. verb, or used only in tJie 
imi>erative ; (commonly classed, though less correctly, 
among conjunr.tion.i.) [all and tkongli ; t^ax. thah, or 
tkeah : It. dnighim. See Thouoh.] Grant all this ; be it 
80 ; allow all ; suppose that ; admit all that : as, " al- 
tkoufrh. the tig-tree shall not blossom." J/ab. iii. That is, 
grant, admit, or suppose what follows — " the (ig-tree shall 
not blossom." 

* AL TI-GRADE, n. Rising on high. 
AIj-TIIvO-CIUENCE, n. [I*. altiLs and loquor, loqueru.] 

Lofty 8i>eech ; pompous language. 

AL-TIM E-TER, ii. [L. alttus, and Gr. /itrpov.] An instru- 
ment for taking allitudi's by geometrical principles. 

AL-TIM E-TRY, n. The art of ascertaining altitudes bv 
means of a proper instrument. 

AL'TIN, n. A money of acco'int in Rtis-iia, valued kopecks. 

AI/-TIN'€AR, n. A species of factitious salt or powder. 

AL-TIS()-NA.NT, j a. [h. alius mid sonans.] lligh-sound- 

AL-TISO-NOUS, \ ing, lofty, or pompous. 

Ai.'TI-TUDE, n. [L. altitudo.l 1. t^pare extended up- 
ward ; the elevation of an object above its foundation ; 
Uie elevation of an object or place above the surface on 
which we stand, or above the earth. 2. The eleval' m 
of a point, a star, or other object above the horizon. 3. 
Figuratively, high degree ; highest point of excellence. 

29 AMA 

AL-TIV'O-LAXT, a. [L. alius and tolaju.] Flying blgb 

ALTO. [It., from L. alius.] High. 

AL'T(J-oe-TA VO. [It.] Am octave higher. 

ALTO-RE-Lli:'VO. [It.l High relief, in »cu/p/iirf, Ls the 
projection of a figure half or more, without being enUiely 
detached. Ciie. 

ALTO-RI-PIENO. [It.] The tenor of the great chorus. 

AL'i'O-VI-O-LA. [It.l A small tenor viol. 

AL TO-VI-<:)-Ll n6. fit.] A small tenor violin. 

AL-TO-GETH'ER, adv. Wholly; entirely; completely 
wiUiout exception. 

AL'UDEL, 71. In chemistry, aludels are earthen pots with- 
out bottoms. 

AL U.M, H [L alumen ] A mineral salt, of great use 'n 
medicine and the arts It is a triple sulphate of alumma 
and polassa. 

AL'UiMED. a. Mixed with alum. Barrel. 

AL'UM-EArTH, n. A massive mineral 


A-Lo iMI n'a ( "■ An earth, or earthy substance. 

A-LO MIN-1-KORM, a. Having thfi form of aluniins 

AL U-MIN-ITE, 71. yubsulphate of alumina, a niinera.. 
A-LU'MI-NOUS, a. Pertaining to alum or aluniinu. 

A-LC'MI-NU.^I, 71. The name given to the supposed metal- 
lic base of alumina. 

AL UiM-lSH, a. Having the nature of alum ; somewhat re- 
sembling alum. 

AL U.M-SLATE, 7t. A mineral of two species, common ana 

AL'UM-STONE, n. The siliceous subsulphate of alumina 
and potash. Cleaveland. 

A-Lu'TA, 71. [L.] A species of leather-stone. 

AI^U-Ta TION, 71. [L. aiuta.J The tanning of leather. 

AL'VE-,\-RY, 71. [L. a/cear«um.l The hollow of llie ex 
temal ear, or bottom of the concna. 

AL'VE-O-LAR, j a. [L. alveolus.] Containing sockets 

AL'VE-O-LA-RY, J hollow cells, or pits ; pertaining to 

ALVE-O-LATE, a. [L. alveolatus.] Deeply pitted, so as 
to resemble a honey-comb. 

ALVEOLE, or ALVE-O-LUS, n. [L. dim. of a/rnt*.] J. 
A cell in a bee-hive, or in a foeeil. 2. 1'he socket .a the 
jaw, in which a tooth is fixed. 3. A sea l"iissil. 

AL \'E-0-LITE, 71. [L. alveolus, and Gr. XtOof.] In 7iafu- 
ral liislory, a kind of stony poly piers. 

AL\'L\£, a. [from alvus, the lielly.] Belonging to the 
belly or intestines. Varirin. 

AL-WAR'GRIM, 71. The spotted plover. 

AL'WAY, j adv. 1. Perpetually ; throughout all time 

AL'W.'VYS, J 2. Continually ; without variation. 3. Con- 
tinually or constantly during a certain period, or regular 
ly at stated intervals. 4. At all convenient tunes ; regu 
larly. j9lway is now seldom used. 

A. M. stand for artium ma^istcr, master of arts, the second 
degree given by universities and colleges ; called, in some 
countries, doctor of philosophy. — A. M. stand also for 
a;i;io mundi, in the year of the world. 

AM, the first person of the verb to be, in tlie indicative 
mode, present tense [l?ax. eom ; Gr. cifii ; Goth, ira ; 
Pers. am.] 

A'M.-\, or HA MA, 71. [D. aa7n.] A vessel to contain wine 
for the eucharist ; a wine measure. 

AM-.\-BlL I-TY, 71. [L. a»naWi.s.] Loveliness; tlie power 
of pleasing. Taylor. 

A-.MAl) .•\-\ AD, 71.' A small, curious bird. 

AM-A-l)ET'TO, 71. A sort of pear. 

A-MAD'U-GADE, 71. A small, beautiful bird in Peru 

AM A-IXJT, 71. A sort of pear. Johnson. 

AM'A-IXJU, 71. A variety of the boletus igniarius. This Is 
written also amadotc, and called black match, and pyro 
technical spunge, on account of its inllammatulily. 

AMAIN', adv. [Sax. a and mo'gn.] With force, slrt-ngUi, 
or violence ; violently ; furiously ; suddenly ; ut once. 

A-MALG.-\M, 7«. [Gr. ^a>ay/ia.) 1. A mixture of mercu- 
ry or quicksilver with another metal. 2. .-V mixture tr 
compound ofditTcrcnt things. 

A-MALGA-.MATE, v.t. 1. To mix quicksilver with another 
metal. Gregory uses amalgamize. 2. To mix different 
things : to make a compound ; to unite. 

A-MAL GA-M.\TE, v. i. To mix or unite in an amalgam , 
to blend. 

A M.\L'G.\-M.\-TED, pp. Mixed with quicksilver ; blen J- 

A-M.\L'GA-MA-TI.\G, p;>r. Mixing quicksilver with an> 
thcr metal ; comp<iujiding. 

A-M.\I^GA-SlA Tltl.N, 71. 1. The act or operation of mix- 
ing mercury with another metal. 2. The mixing 01 
blending of different things. 

f A-.MAL GA.ME, v.t. To mix metals by amalgamayoo 

f A-MA.MV, r. t. To send one away. Cockeram. 

t AM-.A.N'-HA TION. n. Sending on a message. 

A.M .-V-LUZK, n. A large aquatic fowl of .Mexico. 

• &* Synopsis. MOVE, BQQK, DOVE ;— BJJLL, UNITE.— f as K ; G as J ; S as Z ; CH as SII ; Til as in tAi*. ♦ Obtolet* 




A MAN n<> I,A, n. A grrcn riiiirblr. 

A'MAN r i:.N.'<IS, «. (I,, frimi m/iiiuji.l A |>rrM)n wIkjm 

cinpliiyiiiriil In to wrilr wliiit iiiiiitlii-r illctatfK. 
A.M'A-UA.Nlll,..r AM A UAN'III I H, u. {C.r. a,,nfai>ro(.] 

Ktowrr gftillc ; ii griiiw iil' pLiiiU, (iriiiiiiiy «|h:cIi-*. 
AM A KAN'I'll, n. IiicIiiiIiik In 
AM-A U A.N'ril INK, II. ilcliiiiDiiiK (<> iiiii:iriiiilli ; cunalat- 

ln|; n' '■DiiUiiiiliig, or reMiinbhii|| niiiiinintli. 
A MAKl-Tl'lJK, n. [l- umaritudu ] lliUrrncM. [Aut 

murk UJir* 
t A M A U U r.P.NCE, n Iiltt«roeM. 
I AMAUl/ LKNT.o. I«. jer. 
AM A KVL'I.hS, n. In Wany, .My <ln(r(Hlll. 
AMASS^, r. «. [Kr. a I 1. 'In r.ilipct Into n hr»p ; 

to gather a great quniiUty i to arniinulalr. 'J. Toaillecl 

ill great numhon ; to aJil many llilngii togi-lher. 
A'M\.*^', n. All luwrmblage, lienp,ornccuiiiulalion. [This 

i.i sufwriieiled liy inrtjif.{ 
A-MA.sti K.I), (a mUl') /'/'• <.'ollrcled in a lieap.or in a great 

uuantlty nr numlirr ) luTuiiiiiluled. 
A-MA.Sf I.M;. p/rr. Collbcting in a licap, or in a large quan- 
tity or 'lamoir. 
A MA.SS Mi:.NT, n. A heap collected ; nn accumulation, 
t A-MATK', r. I. To accompany ; also, to terrify, to per- 

AM-A-Tnni , n. [I'r.J A person attached to a particular 

pursuit. Btuay, or 8cicnce, as to muaic or painting j one 

who hai» a laste for the arts. Burke. 
f AM A 'i'oll fl'-I,l!ST, II. An insignificant lover. 
AM-A-TO Kl AI., AM A-To Rl-OljS.or A.M'A-TO-RV, a. 

(L,. um<i(.;nui.] 1. Kelating to love ; causing love ; pri>- 

auced by sexual intercourse. — 2. In analuiinj, ii tenn ap- 

filied to the oblique muscles of tlie eye. 
I-A-'IT) 1U-.\L-LV', adv. In an ainatorial manner. 

AM-AU-K6'."^IS, n. [Gr. a/iaupoj.] A loss or decay of sight, 
without any visible defect in the eye, except an iininuva- 
ble pupil ; called also FU'fa serena. 

A-MA'/.K , V. t. To conlound with fear, sudden surprise, or 
Wonder ; to astonish. 

A-MaZE , n. Astonishment ; confusion ; perplexity, aris- 
ing from fear or wonder. It is cliietly used in poetry, 
and is nearly synonymous with amazement. 

A-.MAZ ED, (a-mizd') pp. Astonished ; confounded with 
fear, surprise, or wonder. 

A .MAZ EIJ-LV , adc. With amazement-, in a manner to 
confound. [^LUlle used.] 

A-.MAZ'EI>-NESS, n. The state of being confounded with 
fear, surprise, or wonder ; astonishment ; great wonder. 

A-MAZE MENT. n. Astonishment ; confusion or perplex- 
ity, from a suaden impression of fear, surprise, or won- 

A-M.\Z'IN'G, ppr. 1. Confounding with fear, surprise, or 
wonder. 2. a. Very wonderful ; exciting astonishment 
or perplexity. 

A-MAZ'ING-LY, adv. In an astonishing degree. 

AJI A-ZOi\, n. [Gr. a and fia^o;.] 1. The Amazons are 
said, by historians, to have been a race of female warriors, 
who founded an empire on the river Thermodon, in Asia 
Minor._ 2. A warlike or ra isculine woman ; a virago. 

AM-A-Zo'NI-AN, a. 1. Pertaining to or resembling an .Am- 
azon. .Applied to females, hold ; of masculine manners ; 
warlike. 2. Belonging to the river Amazon or Marauon, 
in South America, or to Amazonia. 

.A.MB, AM. About; around; used in composition. [Sax. 
emb, ymb ; W. am ; Or- a/ii^t ; L. am or amb.] 

AM-B.5'GE$, n. [L. amb and atro.] 1. A circumlocution ; 
a circuit of words to express ideas which may be ex- 
pressed in fewer words. 2. A winding or turnintr. 

A.M-B.\'(!iI-OUS, a. Circumlocutory ; perplexed ; tedious. 

♦ .•\M-H.\.S-SADK', n. Embassy. Shak. 

AM B ASS.\-r)OR, 71. [This is the more common orthogra- 
phy ; but good authors write also embas.-!adur ; and, as the 
orthography of embassy is established. It would be better 
to write embassador. See Embassador.] 

AM-BASS.VDRESS, n. The wife of an ambassador. 

t AMI VS-S.\GE, ) . 

t .\M .. \S-SY \ ^ ■^ embassy. 

AM BE, or AM'BI, n. [C.r. afxlir,.] LitnaUy, a brim ; but in 
surjrerii, an instru nent for reducing dislocated shoulders. 
-Mso the inango tree. 

A.^1'BEK, n. [l-r. ambre : Sp. ambar.] A hsrd, semi-pellu- 
cid substance, t.isteless, and without smell, except when 
pounded or heated, when it emits a fragrant odor. It is 
loui 1 in alluvial soils, or on the sea shore, in many 
places; particulatlyon the shores of the Raltic, in Europe, 
and at Cape .^.able, in Maryland, in the United States. 

AM BER, a. Consisimg of, „r resembling amber. 

AM BER, F. f. To scent with amber. 

AM'BER-ORINK, n. .\ drink re<«mbline amber in color. 

AM'BF.R-nROP-PI.VG,,,. M oppinj aml^r. Afilton. 

AM Bi:R->*EEn, n. Musk seed, resembling millet. 

A.M'BER-TREE, n. The English name of a species of on- 
tkuspermum, a sbrub. 

A.M'IIKn-/';nT.'<, n. [amber, tini\ Vr. g: in.] A solid, opnka 
imb riilonil, iiillaiiiiiiabli: HUlMlaiice, vari)-gat<-d like mar 
III)-, rriiurkubly light, rugged on lU surface, and highly 
valurd lui 11 iii.'itrrial in (icrfuinery. 

AM 111 l>i:.\'l EK, n. [I-. a/nil, and drrirr.] 1. A person 
who UIM.-M bolli hands with (r<piul fucil'ly. 2. A double 
dealer ; one equally ready to act on either side in party 
disputes. — ;). Ill lair, a juror who t.iken money of botk 
parties, for giving IiIh verdict ; nn embracer. 

A.M 111 DKX TKll I J^^or AM Bl l»E.\ TKDi;.'* .MLS", n. 
Tlio faculty of aiiiig both hands with equal facility 
double dealing ; the taking of money from both |iartic« 
for a verdict. 

AM 111 l)E.\ i'ROr.'J, a. Having the faculty of using b«.th 
hands with equal ease ; practicing or siding with b<jtli 

rill-E.N'T, a. [L. ambiens.] Surrounding ; encompassing 
i.n all sides ; investing. 

A.M-BIG'f^-.\'Ali, a. [i.. ambo and genu.] An ambigenal 
hyperbola is tme of the triple hyperl»olas of the Hecoiid 
order, having one of its infinite legs falling within an an- 
cle formed by the asymptotes, ana the other without. 

.\.M'BMi(J, n. An entertainment, or feast, consisting of a 
medley of dishes. King. 

AM-BI-GO'I-TV, 71. [li. ambi^itaa.] I)oubtfulnc?« or nn 
certainty of signilication. from a word's being suaceptible 
of ditFerent meanings ; double meaning. 

A.M-BIG U-(JU(:<, a. [L. ambiiruu-^.] Having two or more 
meaninf;s ; doubtful ; being of uncertain bigniricati(>n ; 
susceptible of different interpretations. 

A.M-BIG'U-OUS-LV, arfu. In an ambiguous manner ; with 
doubtful meaning. 

A.M-BIO'U-OLS-NESS, n. The quality of being ambigu- 
ous ; uncertainty of meaning ; ambiguity ; and, hence, 

A.M-BIL'E-VOUS, a. [U ambo and l<n>us.] Left-banded, 
on both sides. 

AM-BIL'0-GY,7i. [L. flTnio, and Gr. Xoyoj.] Talk or lan- 
guage of doubtful meaning. 

AM-B1L'0-Q.U0US, a. [L. amio and loquor.] Using am- 
biguous expressions. 

A.M'BIT, 71. [L. ambitus.] The line that encompasses a 
thing ; in geometry, the perimeter of a figure. 1 be pe- 
riphery or circumference of a circular body. 

AM-BI TION, 71. [h. ambitio.] A desire of preferment or of 
honor ; a desire of excellence or superiority. It is used 
in a good sense ; as, emulation may spring from a lauda- 
ble ambition. It denotes, also, an inordinate desire of 
power or eminence, often accompanied with illegal 
means to obtain the object. 

AM-BI TION, p. t. [Fr. aTnWuiTiner.] Ambitiotisly to seek 
af^er. Kinn. [Little used.] 

AM-BI TIOUS, a. 1. Desirous of power, honor, office, su- 
periority, or excellence ; aspiring ; eager for fame. 2 
Showy ; adapted to command notice or praise. 3. Eager 
to swell or ris2 higher. 

AM-Bt TIOUS-LY, adv. In an ambitious manner. 

AM-BI TIOUS-XESS, ti. The quality of being ambitious. 

AMBLE, r.i. [Fr. ambler.] I. To move with a certain 
peculiar pace, as a horse, first lifting bis two legs on one 
side, and tuen changing to the other. 2. To move easy, 
without hard shocks. 3. To move by direction, or to 
move affectedly. 

AMBLE, 71. .\ peculiar pace of a horse 

AM BLER, 71. A horse which ambles ; apace.. 

AM BLI-GO.\, or A.M BLY-GO-\, 7i. [Gr. a/i^X»j and 
ywvia.l .\n obtuse-angled triangle. 

AM-BLIG O-N.-VL, a. Containing an obtuse angle. 

A.M BH-GO-NITE, n. [Gr. a/i^>ty(i)>ioj.] A grecnhh-col 
ored mineral. 

AMBLING, ppr. or a. Lifting the two legs on the same 
side, at first ^oing off, and then changing. 

AM'BLING-L\ , adr. With an ambling gait. 

AM'BLY-O-PY, ti. [Gr. a/i/3Atij and <<«f .] Incipient unau- 
rosis ; dullness or obscurity of sight. 

AM BO, 71. [Gr. a/j/3uiv ; L. umbo.] A reading d?sk. tK pul- 

AM-BRE-A'D.\, ti. A kind of factitious amber. 

AM-BRoSI.\, (am-bro'-7.ha) 71. [Gr. a and /Jporof.i 1 In 
heathen antiquity, the imaginaiy food of the gods 52. 
Whatever is very pleasing to th^; taste or smell. 

AM-BRo ?I-.A€, a. Having the qualities of ambrosia. 

AMBRo^I.VL, (am-bro'-zhal) a. Partaking of the nature 
or qualities of ambrosia ; fragrant ; delighting the ia.ste 
or smell. Ben Jonson uses ambrasiae in a like sense, and 
Bailey has ambrosian, but these seem not to be warranted 
bv usage. 

.\M-RKo ?IA\, a. Pertaining to St. Ambrose. 

AM BRO-SIN, n. In the middle ages, a coin struck by the 
dukes of Milan, on which St. .\mbrose was represented 

AM BRY, 71. [contracted from Fr. aiimonrrif, almonry. 1 1 
An almonry ; a place where alms are deposited for'dtt- 
tribution to the poor. 2. .\ place in which are deposited 

• See Sfnoptie. X 2. I 0. C, T, iou<^.—F.VR. F^LL, WH.^T j—PRBY ;— FIN, MAKINE, BIRD ;— \ Obstlttt 


the ntensils for house-keeping ; also a cupboard ; a place 

for cold victuals. 
AMBS-ACK', (aiiiz-ase') 71. [L. ambo, and ace.] A double 

ace, as when two dice turn up the ace. 
AM'BLT-LANT, a. [h. antOutatui.] Walking ; moving from 

place to place. 
AM-BLT-LA'TION, 71. [L. ambulatio.] A walking about ; 

the act of walking. 

♦ AM'UU-LA-TIVE, a. VVilking. 
AM'ULJ-LA-TOR, n. In entomology, a species of lamia. 

AM'BU LA-TO-RY, a. 1. That has the power or faculty 

of walking. 2. Pertaining to a walk. 'J. Moving from 

place to place ; not stationary. 
AM BU-LA-TO-RY, 71. A species of ichneumon 
AM'BU-RY, or ANBURY , n. [qu. L. umbo ; Gr. au8o>v.] 

Amonefarrien, a tumor or wart on a horse, full of bU«)d. 

• AM'BUS-CAUE, 71. [Fr. embiiscade.] 1. A lying in wait 
for the purpose of attacking an enemy by surprise. 2. A 
private station in which troops lie .oncealed with a view 
tn attack their enemy by surprise ; ambush. Shakspeare 
uses the word ambuscado. 

AM'BUS-t'ADE, r. f. To lie in wait for, or to attack from 
a concealed position. 

AM'BUS-e.\-DED, pp. Having an ambush laid against, or 
attacked from a private station. 

AM'BUS-€A-D1NG, ppr. Lying in wait for ; attacking 
from a secret station. 

AM BIJSH, 71. [Fr. emiftcAc] 1. A private or concealed 
station, where troops lie in wait to attack their enemy by 
surprise. 2. The state of lying concealed, for the purpose 
of attacking by surprise ; a lying in wait. H. The 
troops posted in a concealed place for attacking by sur- 

aSI'BIJSH, r. t. To lie in wait for ; to surprise by assailing 
unexpectedly from a concealed place. 

AM Ul.SH, V. i. To lie in wait, for the purpose of attacking 
by surprise. Trumbull. 

AM BL'SIIEI), pp. Lain in wait for; suddemy attacked 
from a concealed station. 

A.M Ht.'SII-L\(;, ppr. Lying in wait for. 

A.M liij.'^II-.MENT, 77. An ambush ; irhich see. 

f AM-iJL'ST', a. [L.ambustus.] Burnt ; scalded. 

AiM-BUS'TI0N,7i. [h.ambustio.] A burning; aburnorscald. 

.\-MEl'VA, n. A species of lizard found in Itrn/il. 

.VM'EL, n. [Fr. email.] The matter with which metallic 
hoiHes are overlaid ; but its use is superseded by enamel. 

A MliL'IO-RATE, v. t. [Fr. amclwrer.] To make better; 
to iniprove ; to meliorate. Christ. Obs. Buchanan. 

A-MkL'IO-KATE, v. i. To grow better ; to meliorate. 

A iMEL-IO-RA'TION, 7t. A making or becoming better; 
improvement ; melioration. 

* A-MEN'. This word, with slight diflerences of orthogra- 
phy, is in all the dialects of the .Assyrian stock. As a 
verb, It signillfs to confirm, establish, verify ; to trust, or 
eive confidence ; as a 7iou7i, truth, firmness, trust, confi- 
dence ; as an adjective, firm, stable. In fJnplish, after 
the oriental manner, it is used at the beginning, but more 
generally at the end of declarations and prayers, in the 
sense of, he it firm, be it established. The word is used 
also as a noun. " All the promises of Cod are amen in 
Christ ;" that is, firmness, stability, constancy. 

A-MK'NA-BLE, a. [It. menare : Fr. menrr.] Liable to an- 
swer ; responsible ; answerable ; liable to be called to 

I AM'KX-ACE, 77. t. To manage. Spevser. 

t AM E.\-ANCE, 71. Conduct ; behavior. Spenser. 

A-MESlt'v. t. [fr. amender ; L. emendo.] I. To correct ; 
to rectily by expunging a mistake. 2. To reform, by 
quilting bad habits ; to make better in a moral sense. ;i. 
I'o correct ; to supply a defect ; to iniprove or make bet- 
ter, by adding what is wanted, as well as by expunging 
what is wrong. 

A-MEiN'I)', 7). i. To grow or become better, by reformation, 
or rectifying something wrong in manners or morals. 

A-MIONI)', 71. [Fr.] .\ pecuniary punishment or fine. 
The amende honorable, in France, is an infamous punish- 
ment inflicted on traitors, parricides, and sacrilegious 
persons. These words denote also a recantation in open 
court, or in presence of the injured person. 

A-MI'.\r)'.\-BLE, a. That may be amended ; capable of 

A-.\1E.\'I)'A-T0-RY, a. That amends ; supplying amend- 
ment ; corrective. 

A-.MRND'EI), OTi. Corrected ; rectified ; reformed ; improv- 
ed, or altered for the better. 

A-MF,M) KR, 71. The person that amends. 

t A MKND FUL, o. Full of iniprovtnienl. 

.A-MEN'I) [.\0, ppr. Correcting; reforming; altering for 
the better. 

A-MEND'MENT, 71 1. An alteration or change for the bet- 
ter ; reformation of life. 2. A word, rjruise, or paragraph, 
addcxl or pro|)osed to bo added to a bill tirfure a legislature. 
— 3 In (air, the correction of an error in a writ or prc>ces3. 

31 AMM 

A-.MEXD?', 71. plu. [Fr. amende.] Compensation for an in« 

jury ; recomiHiiise ; satisfaction ; enuivalent. 
A-MEi\ I-TV,7i. I^L amanuaa ; i't.amentti.] I''easantnes3 

agreeableness of siiualioa ; that which deliglils the eye 
AM ENT, n. [L. ainentum.] In botany a Species of iallo- 

rescence, from a common, clialfy rcce]>tacle. 
A-MEN-TA CEOL'is, a. Growing in ou anient ; resembling 

a thong. 
t A-ME.NTY, 71. [Fr. QTiieTitie.J .Madness. 
A-MERCE , (aniers') v. t. [a for on, or at, and Fr. mtrci. 

1. To intlict a penalty at mercy ; to punish by a |)ecunia- 
ry penalty, the amount of which is not hied'hy law, but 
left, to the discretion or mercy of the court. 2. To iutlict 
a pecuniary penalty ; to punish in general. 

A-MERCE A-B»,E, a. Liable to amercement. 

A-.MER CED, (a-merBt');)/>. Fined at the discretion of a court 

A-MERCE'ME.N'l', (a-mers'-ment) 71. A peruiiiarv (i^iial.f 
inllicted on an oflender at the discretion of the curt. 

A-MER CER, 71. Une who sets a fine at discretion ujiou an 

t AMERCIAMENT, 71. Amercement. ScW^ti. 

A-MERI-e.\, 71. [from Jimeiigo yespucci.] Ono of the 
great continents. 

A-MER I-CAN, a. Pertaining to America. 

A-MER i-€AN, n. A native of -America ; originally applied 
to the aboriginals, or copper-colored races, tound here by 
the Europeans ; but now applied to tJie desceiidaiils of 
Europeans born in America. 

A-MER I-€.\N-1SM, n. An American idifm ; the lev* 
which America i citizens liave for their own country. 

A-MER'I-€AN-IZE, v. t. To render American ; to natu- 
ralize in America. 

A-MER I-CIM, 71. .'V species of lizard. 

AM'ESS.n. .\ priest's vestment. Sfe Am'CE. 

t AM-E-THOD r-CAL, a. Out of method ; irregular 

t A-.METII O-DIST, n. A quack. 

AJI E-THYST, n. [L. amethystws.] A sub-species of 
quartz, of a violet blue color, of different degrees of in- 
tensity. It is wrought into various articles of jewelry. 

AM E-THYST, in heraldry, signifies a purple color. 

AM-E-THYST'L\E,a. Pertaining to or resembling amethyst 

AM I-A, 71. A genus of fish in Carolina. 

A'MI-.^-BLE, a. [Fr. amiable ; I^. amabHis.] 1. Lovely ; 
worthy of love ; deserving of affection ; applied usually 
to persons. 2. Pretending or showing love. .SAni. 

•A'.MI-A-BLE-NESS, 71. Tlie quality of deserving love ; 

A'MI-.\-BLY, (jrfr. In an amiable manner; in a manner 
to excite or attract love. 

AM'I-ANTH, j 71. [Gr. a/uaiTos.] Earth-flax, or moun- 

AM-I-ANTH US, ( tain flax ; a mineral substance, some- 
what resembling flax. 

AM-I-ANTH'I-FORM, a. Having the form or likeness of 

A.M-I-.\NTn'IN-ITE, 71. A species of amorphous mineral, 
a variety o{ actinolite. 

AM-I-ANTH'OID, 71. rai,.in7!«A, and Gr. tilo;.] A mineral 
which occurs in tuus, composed of long capillary L.*- 
ments, flexible and very ehistic. 

AM-I-ANTH'OID, a Resembling amianth in form. 

AM I-€A-BLE, a. [L. amicabihs.] 1. Friendly: peace- 
able ; harmonious in social or mutual transaclious. 3 
Disposed to peace and friendship. 

AM'I-e.\-BLE-.NESS, n. The quality of being peaceable (C 
friendly ; friendliness. 

AM'l-€.\-BLY, adc. In a friendly manner. 

tA-MlCAL.rt. Friendly. />'. H'atson. 

AM'ICE, 71. [L. amirfus.] .\ S(iuare linen cloth that a Cath- 
olic priest ties about his neck, hanging down behind un- 
der the alb, when he ofliciates at mass. 

AMID', I prep, [n, and Sax. itiiVW.] 1. In the nild»t or 

AMIDST' 1 middle. 2. .\mong ; minplid with. 3. 
Surrounded, encompassed, or enveloped with. .Imid ij 
nserl mostly in poetry. 

A-MID'-SIU'PS. In marine languaire, the middle of a ship 
with regard to her length and breadth. 

AM l-LOT, 71. A white fish in the Mexican lakes. 

.\-MISS', a. 1. Wrong; faulty ; out of order ; improper 

2. adv. In a faulty manner ; contrary to propriety, truth, 
law, or morality. 

t AMISS , 71. Culpability ; fault. Skak. 

t A MISvS'lO.V, 71. Loss. .More. 

t AMIT', r. (. To lose. Urotrn. 

AM 1-TY, 71. [Fr. aniitii.\ Friendship, in a general sen."., 

between individuals, societies, or nations ; harmony 

pood understanding. 
AM MA, 71. [Ileb. DN.] 1. .\n abbess, or spiritual moth 

er. 2. .\ girdle or truss used in ruptures. [Gr. i7(</ia. ' 
AM'.MAN, 71. [G <im<i)iiinn ; 1). amptman.] In .'pnic t.tiro- 

pean nations, a judge who has cognizance of civil causes 

In France, a notary. 
AM MITF., or HAM MrrE, 71. [Gr. appo(.] A sond-stono 

or free-stimc, of a pale-brown color. 

See Synopsis. MOVE BOQK, D6VE j— DJv'LL, UNITE j— C as K ; 6 aa J 8 as Z ; CH as SH ; TU as In Ihu. f Obscleu 

AMO 38 

AM M<> Cr.TK n. An I'bmili^lo imiiio of Iho amm»i|rl«. In 

( 'mcht, llir name f 'o griiu« nf linll. 
AM MiMllKVSK, n. (tir. u^^oj niiJ Xf"""'! ^ yellow, 

ii,>a utoiir, foiiii.l lii(.rrumiiy. 
AM M<> "V'l'i;, "• ,<;r. ii«/io( and (!uw.] 'Ilic «uii(l eel, n 

■rniin of li"li "fill"' niKxl:!! otdrr. 
AMMoM •^. or AM Nlt> \V, n. VolalllB nikall ; n*u\>- 
iilaiirc wlilcli, Id IU iHircil ronii, rxliiL<t In it ilntr of ta». 
AM ..<»M AC, o' AM MU-Nr ACAI., u. l-orUlnhig to 

iiiiiini>Mi!i, or p canning lu nroiwrtim. 
AM MoNl AC, or AM MOM AC <;i;M, ii. A Riim renin, 

fnini AMcn nnd tlin ICnflt. 
AM .Ml' M AN, a. Urlallni tn Ammonlu», ■iimamrd Hnt- 
C4III, of Al-iandria, Uie foundrr of Uin icltctic nyHtein of 
A'I Mo NFI'K, «. [cnrnu amwonit, firom .hipilrr .Immon.] 
8er|>unt «tone, or eornu ammnnv>, a foimii hIh.'II, cur^■eU 
Into a I ilral form, like a mm'" horn. 
AMMO NI-UM, n. A name given to tlie suppowd metallic 

baili of ammonia. 
AM-Mi>-Nr U-Kiri', n. The solullon of a (lubnlance in am 

monla. t'.d. 
AM-MH-NI TIO.N, n. [^.. ad nnd munitio.] Military Btoreg, 
or proviainns for attack or defense. In mudrrn u.-'oge. 
the »iRniliaition is confined to the articles which are u-sed 
in Uie discliiirge of fire-arms and ordnance of all kinds ; 
aa powder, balls, bombs, various kinds of shot, tcc.—^m- 
munttton-hreitJ, bread, or other provi-sions to supply troops. 
AM NKS-TV, n. [Ur. o/ivr7<ma.J An DC* of oblivion ; a 
general pardrn of the ollenses of subjects against the gov- 
ernment, or the proclamation of sucn pardon, 
f .V.M-.MCO r.IST, n. One who dwells near a river. 
AM-.MC'E-.NOU.-', a. Born of a river. 
AM .NI OS, or AM'NI-0.\, n. [Or. a/jviov.] The innermost 

membrane su .rounding the fetus in the womb. 
AM-.NI-OT IC, a. Obtarned from the liquor of the amnios. 
AMaI Hi": .\.\, a. Alternately answering. Ifarton 
AM-O-HE'LIM, n. [Gr. a/iO(/?(iiof.] A poem in which per- 
sons are lepresented as speaking alternately 
t AM-O LI"TIOiV, n. A removal; a putting away. Bp. 

A-M6'MITM, n. [Gr. ayLUjiov.] A genus of plants, all na- 
tives of warm climate*, and remarkaMe for their pungen- 
cy and aromatic properties. — True amornum is a round 
fruit, from the East, of the size of a firape. 
A-Mi').\G', (a-mung') ) prep. [Sax. onmann^ ongemang.] 

A-MO.N'GST', (a-mungsf) \ 1. In a general or primitive 
sense, mixed or mingled with. 2. Conjoined or associated 
with, or making part of tlie number. 3. Of the number. 
A-SlO'NI-AN, a. [itomJimmonw HUmmon.] Pertaining to 
Jupiter .■Vramon, or to his temple and worship in Upper 
AM-O-UA'DO, n. [L. amor.} A lover. See Ikamorato, 

which is chiefly used. 
A-Mo RE, n. A name given, by Marcgrave, to a tribe of 

fish, of three species, the pizuma, guacu, and tinga. 
AM-O-Re .\.\S, n. A iect of Gemaric doctors or commen- 
tators on the Jerusalem Talmud. 
AM-0-RET',n. [L. amor ! Ft. amourette.] A lover; an am- 
orous woman ; also, a love-knot, or a trifling love aflair. 
AM'O-RIST, n. [L. omar.J A lover ; a gallant ; an inamo- 
rato. Boyle. 
t A-MORN'IXGS, adv. In the mornings. 
AM-O-RoSA, n. rjt.J A wanton woman. 
AM-O-RoSO, n. [Jt.J A lover ; a man enamored. 
AMO-ROUS, a. \Tr. amoreaz.] 1. Inclined to love ; hav- 
ing a prop<>nsity to love, or to sexual enjoyment ; loving ; 
fund. '2. In love ; enamored. SAalr. If. Pertaining or 
relating to love ; produced by love ; indicating love. 
Mi'ton. Waller. 
AM'O-ROUS-LY, adc. In an amorous manner. 
AirO-ROUS-NESS, n. The quality of being inclined to 

love, or to sexual pleasure ; fondness. 
A-MOUPH'.\, n. [Gr. a and fiopipr;.] False or bastard indi 

go, a native plant of Carolina. 
A-MOUPII'OUS, a. [Gr. a and pop<pTi.] Having no deter- 
minate fcirin ; of irregular shape. 
A-MORPll'Y, 71. Ir egularity of form ; deviation from a de- 
terminate shape. Swift. 
A-MOR'I ', adc. IL. viors, mortuus.] In the state of tlie 

de.vl. Shak. 
A-MOR-n-7..:^TTO\, or A-MORTIZE MEXT, n. The 
act or right of ali6."ating lands or tenements to a corpora- 
AMORT'TZE, r. f. [\orm. amortizer.] In English laiF, 
to alienate in mortmain, that is, to sell to a corporation, 
sole or aggregate, ecclesiastical or temporal, and their 
successors. This was considered as selling to dead hands. 
A-MOTION, B. [I., omofiu.] Uemovai Warton. 
A-MOUNT', r. i. [Fr. moiKfr.] 1. To rise to or reach, bv 
an accumulation of particulars into an aggregate whole'; 
to compose -n the whole. 2. To rise, reach, or extend 


to In effpct, or mlwlancr ; to re«ult In, by ajnieqaeoM 
wlirn all lliiiig* nrr coiihideri-d. 
A .Mol .S'l', n. I. The "um l« of two or more partlcula. 
■iiiiin i>r i;iinnlilica. U. '1 he elfrct, subalancc, or mult 
tlir mini.' 
A .Mill .NT lS(i,ppr. Itbilng u>, by occumulatlon or addl 

tlon : re«ulling, in eirecl or ■uUlance. 
A-.MriCK', n. (rr.) An unlawful connecllc>n In lore; • 

love Intrigue i an affair of gallniitry. 
t A-.MfiV Al<, n. [It. amuveo.]^ Total remoTSl. 
t A .MTiVE , r. t. \l>. amuceu.] To remove. JIall. 
A.M I'Kh-ITK, n. [Gr. aiiw«>o{.J Cunnel coal, or candle 

coal, an Inllammable iiubiilance. 
AM I'lllll IAI-, or A. M I'll 111 1 A, n. [Gr. ap<it and /Jioj. 
In luolagy, amphiblals are a class of^ animals, no funued 
as to live on land, and for a long time under water. 
A.M PlllII 1 OMTE, n. (Gr. a/i^i/Jiof and XtOoi.] A frag- 
ment of a petrified fnnhibious animal. 
A.M I'llIH-l-O LOO I CAL, a. Pertaining to amphibiology 
A.M PI11«-I-0L'0-6Y, n. [Gr. a//^i, /?ios, and Aovoj.] A 
discourse or treatise on amphibious aninials, or tlie histo- 
ry and description of such animals. 
A.M PIIIR 1-CLS, a. 1. llaviii,! the power of living in two 
elements, air and water. 2. Of a mixed nature ; partak- 
ing of two natures. 
A.M I'lllll lOLS-NE."^, n The quality of being able to 

live in two elements, or of partaking of two nature*. 
AM-PHIB I-U.M, n. That which lives in two dementi, as 

in air and water. 
A.M PHI-BOLE, II. [Gr. a^^i/3o>o{ ; a/i^i and /3a»u.] A 
name given by Ilaiiy to a species of minerals, including 
the tremvlite, hurnblcnd, and actinolUe. 
.\M-PHl-BOLiC, a. Pertaining to amphibole ; resembling 

amphibole. Cooper. 
AM PMIB-O LoGI C.\L, a. Doubtful ; of doubtful meaning 
A.M-PHIB-iJ-LOG'I-C.'\L-LY,a(iF. With adoubtful meaning. 
A.M-PIII-BOL'O-GY, n. [Gr. a/4<^i/?o>oyia.] A phrase or 
discourse susceptible of two interpretations ; and, bence, 
a phrase of uncertain meaning. 
A.M-PHIB'O LOUS, a. ['Gr. a/i^i/?oXof.] Tossed from one to 
another ; striking each way, witli mutual blows. [L. u.] 
AM-PIllBO-LY, n. [Gr.ap(f>iPo\ia.] Ambiguity of mean- 
ing. Spelman. [Rarely used.] 
AM PHI-BRAeil, n. [Gr. apift and |3pa;^«$.] In poetry, a 
foot of three syllables, the middle one long, the first and 
last short ; as, hMierS, in Latin. 
A.M'PHI-COME, 71. [Gr. ap<pt and Koprj.] A kind of figured 

stone, of a r-und shape. 
AM-PHie-T\-0.\ie, a. Pertaining to the august council 

of Ampbictyons. 
AM-PHICTY-ONS, n. In Orecian history, an assembly ci 
council of deputies from the iliflerent stales of Greece, 
who sat at Therraopylai but ordinarily at Delphi. 
AM'PHI-OENE, 71. [Gr. auipi and yevoi.] In mineralogy. 

another name of the leucite or Vcsuvian. 
AM-PHI-HEX-A-HeDRAL, a. [Gr. a//0i,and hexahedral.] 
In crystalography, when the faces of tlie crystal, counted 
in two different directions, give two heiahedral outlineai 
or are found to be six in number. 
AM-P1IIM'.\-CER, 71. [Gt. aiKpipaKoof.] In ancient poctif 
a foot of three syllables, tbe midclle one short, and tba 
others long, as in c^tltas. 
AM-PHISBE.V, j 71. [Gt. auAtapaiva.] A genus of aei 
A.M-PHIS-Be NA, i pents. 

AM-PIIISCI-r, or AM-PHIS'CIANS, n. [Gr. ap^ and 

cKta.] In geography, the inhabitants of the tropics, wbc«« 

shadows, in one part of the year, are cast to the nortK, 

and in the other, to the south. 

AM'PHI-T.\NE, 71. .A name given by ancient naturalists to 

a fossil, called by Dr. Hill, pvrtcufriuTJi. 

AM-PHI-THfi'A f RE, ; 7«. \ Gr. ap<pietaTpov.] An edifice 

AM-PHI-THe'A-TER, ( in an oral or circular form, hav- 

ing its area encompassed with rows of seals, rising higher 

as they recede from the area, on which people used to sit 

to view the combats of gladiators and of wild beasts, and 

other sports. 

AM-PHI-THe'.\-TR.\L, a. Resembling an amphitheatre 

AM-PHI-TnE-.\T'RI-eAL, a. Pertaining to, or exhibited 

in, an amphitlieatre. Warton. 
.A.M PHI-TRITE, n. [Gr. a(i^irpir77.] A genus of marine 

animals, of the Linneau order mollusca. 
.AM'PHOR, j 71. [L. amphora.] Among the Greets and 
.\.M'PHO-RA, i Romans, a liquid measure. 
.\M'P1,E, a. [Ft. ample : h. amplus.] 1. Large; wide 
spacious ; extended ; as, ample room. 2. Great in bulk, 
or size. Shak. 3. Liberal ; unrestrained ; without par- 
simony ; fully sufficient ; as, ample justice. 4. Liberal ; 
magnificent j'as, flTnp/e promises. .5. Diffusive ; not brief 
or contracted ; as, an ample narrative. 
.■\M'PLE-NES?, n. Largeness ; spaciousness ; suflSciency j 

• Sm SjfTiopji* a, E, I, O V, Y, long.—F\-R, FALL, \VIl.\T ;— PR^V .— Pl.N', M.A.RL\E, BIRD ,— t ObsoltU 




AM-PLEX'ieAUL, a. [J^. amplezor.] In Aofaniy, surround- 
ing, or embrucing the stem, as the biise of a leaf. 

\M I'l.l-ATE, V. t. [L. amplw.] To enlarge ; to make 
greater; to extend. [Little used.] 

\^l l'lAA'TlON,n. I. Enlargement; amplification ; dif- 
fuseness. ILittle used.] — 2. In Human aiUKjuity, a defer- 
ring to pass sentence. 

AM-PLIF'l-CATE, v.t. \L amplificu.] To enlarge; to 

AM-I'LlF-r-CA'TION, n. [L. amplifiratio.] 1. Enlarge- 
ment : extension. — 2. In rhetoric, diffusive description, 
or discussion , exaggerated representation ; diffuse nar- 
rative, or a dilating upon all the parlicula's of a subject. 

AM'PLI-KIEl), pp. Enlarged; extended. 

AM'1'LI-FI-ER, n. One who amplifies or enlarges. 

AM'PLl-Ff, r. «. [Ft. amplifer { L. amplijicu.] I. To en- 
large ; to augment ; to increase or extend — 2. In rhetoric, 
to enlarge in discussion, or by representation ; to treat 
copiously, so as to present the subject in every view. a. 
To enlarge by addition 

AM'PLl-KY, r. i. 1. To speak largely, or copiously ; lobe 
diffuse in argument or description ; to dilate upon. 2. 
'I'o exaggerate ; to enlarge by representation or descrip- 

AM PLI-FY-ING, ppr. Enlarging; exaggerating; diffu- 
sively treating. 

A.M'PLl TUUE, n. [L. amplitudo.\ 1. Largeness ; ex- 
tent applied to bodies. 2. Largeness ; extent of capa- 
city, or intellectual powers. ;j. Extent of means or 
power; abundance; sufficiency. — Jlmplaude, iw astronn- 
viy, is an arch of the horizon intercepted between the 
east and west point, and the centre of the sun or star at 
its rising or setting. — Amplitude vf the ranffe, in prvjec- 
tilrs, is tiie horizontal line subtending the path of a body 
tlirown, or the line which measures the distance it has 
moved.^Mairnctical amplitude is the arch of the horizon 
between the sun or a star, at rising or setting, and the 
east or west point of the horizon, by thecompiu^s. Kncyc. 

AM PLV, ado. Largely ; liberally ; fully ; sufficiently ; co- 
piously ; in a diffusive manner. 

AM'PU-TATE, V. t. [L. amputo.] 1. To prune branches 
of trees or vines ; to cut off. 2. Tocutoff a linibor other 
part of an animal body ; a term of sxirncry. 

AM PU TA-TEU, pp. Cut off; separated from the body. 

AM'PU-TA-TIi\G, ppr. Cutting off a limb or part of the 

AM-P('-T.^'T10N, n. [L.] The act or operation 
of cutting off a limb or some part of the body. 

AM'U-LET, n. [L. amuletum.] S^omething worn as a rem- 
edy or preservative against evils or mischief, such ;is dis- 
eases and witchcraft. Amulets, in days of ignorance, 
were common. 

AM-CK-CUS I-TY, n. The quality of lees. 

A-.MC;fE, v.t. [Fr. amu^ier.] 1. To entertain the mind 
agreeably ; to occupy or detain attention with agreeable 
objects, whether by singing, conversation, or a show of 
curiosities. 2. To detain ; to engage the attention by 
hope or expectation. 

A-MC^'ED, (a-muzd') pp. Acrceably entertained ; having 
the mind engaged by something pleasing 

A-MuSE'.MEi\T, H. That which amuses, detains, or enga- 
ger the mind ; entertainment of the mind ; piistime ; a 
pleiisurable occupation of the senses, or that which fur- 
nishes it, as dancing, sports, or music. 

A-MC.'< ER, n. CJne who amuses, or affords an agreeable 
eiitiMtiiininent to the mind. 

A-MC'.'<'1NG, ppr. or a. Entertaining; giving moderate 
pleasure to the mind, so as to engage it ; plea-sing. 

A-Mi;.f li\(;-LY, adv. In an amusing manner. 

AM I' SIVE, a. That liaa the power to amuse or entertain 
tjje mind. 

A iM V SI V F,-LY, adv. In an amusive manner. 

A-MVi;'l)A-LATE, a. [1^. amy^dalu-i.] Made of almonds. 

A-MV<; DA-LATE, n. An emulsion made of almonds; 
milk of almonds. 

A-MY<;'DA-LL\'E, rt. Pertaining to or resembling the al- 

A-MY(;'I)A-LTTE, n. A plant ; a species of spurge. 

A-MYG I)A-LOII). n. [Gr. anvySaXca.] Toad-st<ine. 

A-MYC. I)A-L()I1)-AL, a. Pertaining to anivcdaloid. 

AM-Y-L.5 CEOUS, a. [L. amylum.] IVrl.iming to starch, 
or the farinaceous part of grain ; rcsemblitig starch. 

AM Y-l.LN'E, ;i. [L amylum.] .\ farinaceous substance 
bi'tween gum and starch 

^M V-KALl) l.«M, n. In church history, the doctrine of 

universal grace, as explained by .\myralduH. 
A .MYZ TLI, n. A Mexican name of the sea li<m. 
AX, a. [Sax. an,ane, one; U. ccn; Ger. cin : Sw. and 
Dan. en ; Fr on, un, une ; .Sp. un, una ; It. uno, una ; L. 
unus, una, unum ; Gr. £v ; Ir. cin, can, ann : \V. tin, i/n.] 
Oni' ; noting an individual ; either definitely, known, Ver- 
taiii, specified, or understood ; or indeliiiileiy, not certain, 
known, or specified. Definitely ; aa, " .Noah built an ark 
of gopher wood." " Paul was un eminent aj^stle." In- 

definitely ; as, " P.ring me an orange." Befoie a e«)u«e 
nam, tiie letter n is druppvd j as, u man. 

AN, in old J-:n)rtijih authors, signifies if; as, "an it please 
your honor." 

A S.\, M, or &. [(Jr. ava.] In medical prescriptions, it sig 
nilies an equal quantity of the severa' Ingredients ; ae. 
wine and honey, ana, ua, or a § 'i- that is, of wine ana 
honey each two ounces. 

.A'.\.\, as a termiiiatitm, is annexed to the names of authors 
to denote a collection of their memorable sayings. 'I'hus, 
Scaliocrana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger. 
It wa3 used by the Homans, as in Cullectaneus, collected, 

A.N-A-BAPTIS.M, n. The doctrine of the Anabaptists 

A.\-.\-B.\P'TIST, Ti. [Gr. ava and iia-rrTicrris.] (Jue who 
holds the doctrine of the baptism of adults, or of the inva- 
lidity of infant baptism, and the necessity of rebaptiza- 
tion in an adult age. 

AN-A-ltAP 'I'lST IC, ) a. Relating to the Anabaptists 

A.\-A-I!AI' TIS'I' I <'.\L, i or to their doctrines. 

A.\-.\-BAP 'J'!.-^ T RY, n. The sect of Anabaptists. 

t AN-A-B.VP-TIZE',f. J. To rebaptize. IVhillock. 

.\S.\CA, 11. A species of paroquet, about the size of a 

AN-.'V-C.'VMP'TIC, a. [Gr. ava and (ca/urro).] Reflecting or 

AN-A-CAMP'TieS, n. The doctrine of reflected light. &« 

AN-A-CAU'DIUM, v. The cashew-nut, or marking nut. 

A.\-A-€A-TH.\R'Tie, a. [Gr. ava and Kadapat^.] Throw- 
ing upwards ; cleansing, by exciting vomiting, expecto 
ration, &.c. 

-\N-.\-CA-TIIAR'Tie, n. A medicine which excites dis- 
charges by the mouth or nose. 

AN-A-CEPH-A-L^E-d Sl.s, n. [Gr. avaKcfaXdimats.] Ee 
capitulation of the heads of a discourse. 

AN-ACH O-RET. See Anchoret. 

AN'-A-eHO-RET'I-eAL, a. Relating to an anachoret, or 

AX-.\en RO-XL«M, 71. [Gr. ava and xfovo;.] An error in 
computing tinie ; any error in chronology. 

'VX-A€H-RO-NISTie, a. Erroneous in date ; containing 
an anachronism. fVarton. 

AN-.\-eLAS TIC, a. [Gr. ava and K^aais.] Refracting ; 
brcakinj the rectilinear course of light. 

A.\-A-€LAS TICS, n. That part of optics which treats of 
the refraction of light, commonly called dioptrics, which 

AN-A-COE-No SIS, ji. [Gr. avaKotvuati.] A figure of rhet- 
oric, by which a speaker applies to his opponents for their 
opinion on the point in debate. 

AX-A-CO.NU A, n. A name given in Ceylon to a large 
snake, a species of Aya. 

A-N.Ae-RE-<)N TIC, a. Pertaining to .\nacreon. 

A-NA€-RE-0]\''Tie, n. A poem composed in the manner 
of Anacreon. 

AxN'A-DEME, n. [Gr. avairiiia.] A chaplet or crown of 
flowers, ft'. Broicne. 

.'\N-.\-r)I-PLo'SIS, 71. [Gr. ava and incKooi.] Duplication, 
a figure in rhetoric and poetry, consisting in the repeti- 
tion of the last word or words in a line or clause of a sen- 
tence, in the beginning of tlie next. 

A-NAI) III )-.Mi )('.'>, o. [Gr. ai'd and (5popof.] Ascending ; a 
word applied to such fish as pass from the sea into fresh 
waters, at stated seasons. 

AN'.AGLYI'II, ;i. [Gr. ava and yXu^u.J An ornament 
made by sculpture. 

AN-.A-GLYPTlCj a. Relating to the art of carving, en- 
graving, enchasing, or embossing plate. 

AN A-GO-GE, or AiN .\-GO GY, n. [Gr. ar.iywyr;.] .^n ele- 
vation of mind to things celestial ; the spiritual mcanint 
or application of words. 

t ANA CO OET'I-CAL, a. Mysterious. 

AN-A-GOG I-e.\L, «. Alysterious ; elevated; spiritual. 

A.\-.\-<;oG l-CAL-LY, n"(/r. In a mysterious sense; with 
religious elevation. 

.A.N-.V-GOG IC."*, n. Mysterious considenitions. 

AN A-GUAM, 'I. [(Jr. ava and vpnppo.] ,\ transposition o" 
the letters of a'nanie, by which a new word Ls fiuined. 
Thus Oalenus becomes angclus ; Ifiltiam J\'oy, (ntlorney 
general lo Charles I., a laborious man,) icay be turned 
into / moul inlatr. 

ANA-GUAM MA TIC, ^„ V-,Hn» nn o„,-^», 

AN-A-(;KAM-M.\TI-f'AL,» "• "'•''klnB nn anagram. 
ANA GRA.M-MAT l-CAULY, udv. In the manner of an 

A.N-A-(;k.\M M.V-TIS.M, n. The act or practice of making 

aiiagrnms. Camden. 
AN A GUAM MA TIST, n. A maker of nnagrams. 
A.N A-(;RAM MATT/,E, r. i. To make anncranis 
A.N'.\-<;UOS, JI. A measure of grain in Spain, c> olalntng 

something less than two bushels. 

See Synopsis. MOVE, B(pQK, D<:)V£ :— BIJLL, UNITK.— Cas K ; a* J ; S as Z ■ CH m SU ; TII m In tkis. t (VwaUu 


.\'NAI,,a. [I,. a«u/.J Pprtiiliiliig t(i llir niiun 

A-N/VL'n.M, I 1). Cubic leulitf, found In ng|rc(aldl ur 

A N.M-<'IMl'i I «■"''!'' 'ry*'!''"- 

ANA I.IK.'Tf', "• ('•'■• «•<! mill Aiyui.] A collfcllon of 
•hurt r«»iayii, or ri-iimrki. l.nit/r. 

ANA I.KM MA, n. (tir. uviiXi)/</iU.) I. In grumrtry, ft 

proji'i'l' I ''"' "Wn'ri' <■» ">•' I'iiiiir of the iiirrhliaii, or 

lliiiKrii|iliiriilly niiiili' l>y utriiuiit Iiidi. nnli'*, iiml <'lli|> 
urn, llif ryiMiriiiK hii|i|i<wi'iI iiI an iiillnilr dipilaiicr, ami 
In the I'lifC or wrxt ihhiiIn oI' IIh- lion/uii. 'J. An iiinlni 
rni'iil of wood or briu.H, on wliirli llim kind of proji'ctiiin i.i 

AN A l.i;rsiS, n. [(Jr. av(iAi)«|n.l Tim nii|finpnlnlion or 
luilrilinn of an cnmciiiUMl lioily ; rrrovery of Htrvngtli af- 
ter a illst'iui'. 

A.N A l,i;i'TI<', n. rorrobomting : InvlporaJlng ; giving 
Nlii'iiKtIi iift'-r duioaiiB. 

AN A-LKI'Tlf, II. A niedirlnc which rIvps rtrcngth ; a 

f AN AI.O-dAI., <i. Analo([ou». Ilnle. 

A.N A I.()t;l <.'AI., II. llavuiK nMalogy ; Hsi,d byway of 
analogy ; hraniig minu! relation. 

AN'-Al,iiti I «'AI.-I.V, -i(/r. In an nnnlopical manner; by 
way iifKiinilitiiile, rflntion, or agreenii-nl. 

AN-A-LOC I t'.Vl'-Nl>'t'i n. 'I'he quality of being analogi- 

AN AI.'0-f;I?M, n. [fir. avaXoyi(T/iOf.] .\n ari?ument from 
Ihc cause to the etl'eot. Jolinsun. Iiivrstigatioa of things 
by llu- aiialopy Iht-y bear to each olhiT. Crabbe. 

AN-Al.n iJlS'l", 71. (_)nc who adliercs to analopy. 

A.\-AI.'0-C;I'/K, t). (. To explain by aiialopy ; to form 
Home resemblance between dilferent things ; to consider 
n thine with regard to its analogy to somelliinp else. 

A-NAI.ii-<;<>l'f*, (I. Having analogy ; bearing some resem- 
blance or proportion. 

A-NAI>'i)-(;OUS-LY, adv. In an analogous manner. 

A-NAI,'0-GY, n. [Gr. avaXoyia.] 1. An agreement or 
likeness l»etween things in some circumstances or effects, 
when the things are otherwise entirely different. '2. 
With srrtimmarians, analogy is a conformity of words to 
the genius, structure, or general rules of a language. 

A-X.\1/Y-8IJ<, 71. [Or. ai'aXi)(Tij.] 1. The separation of a 
compound body into its constituent parts ; a resolving. 
2. K consideration of any thing in its separate parts ; an 
examination of tlie different parts of a subject, each sepa- 
rately. It is opposed \osiinlhcfii. — In muthcmatic.i, anal- 
ysis is the resolving of problems by algebraic equations. — 
In loirie, analysis is the tracing of things to their source, 
and the resolving of knowledge into its original princi- 
ples. '3. A syllabus, or table of the principal lieads of a 
continued discourse, disposed in their natural order. 4. 
A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a 
science.— In this sense, it is nearly synonymous with 

AN'A-LYST, 71. One who analyzes, or is versed in analy- 
sis. Kiriran, 

A.\-.\-IA'T le, I a. Pertaining to analysis ; that re- 

AN-.\-LYT'I-€AL, ( solves into lirst principles ; that 
separates into part.s, or original principles ; that resolves 
a compound body or subject. It is opposed to stinthetic. 

AN-.A-LYT'I-CVL-LY, adv. In the manner of analysis. 

AN-.\-LYT les, 71. The science of analysis. 

AN'A-L?ZE, V. t. [Gr. t/i-nXvu.] To resolve a body into 
its elements ; to separate a compound subject into its 
parts or propositions, for the purpose of an examination 
of each separately. 

A.\''A-l,VZi:i), pp. Resolved into its coi-stittient parts or 
principles, for examination. 

A.\ .V lAZ-ER, 71. One who analyzes ; that which ana- 
lyzes^ or has the power to analyze. 

AN'.\-L?Z-l.NG, ppr. Resolving into elements, constituent 
parts, or first principles. 

• AX-A-MORPH'O-SIS, ». [Gr. ava and jiop^dxri;.} In prr- 
fpeclive dramngs, a deformed or distorted portrait or fig- 
ure, which, in one point of view, is confused or unintel- 
Rgible, and, in another, is an exact and regular representa- 

A-N.A'NAP, 71. The name of a species of pine-apple. 

.\.N'.\-PKST, 71. [Gr. ava and toiid.] In portm, a foot, ron- 
sj-sting of three syllables, the two tirst slinrt.'tlie last long. 
AN-.\-l'l-><T If, n. The anapestic measure. 
AN-A P1>;T If, a. Pcrtnining to an anapost , consisting of 

anapestic feet 
A-N.\Pl!(VRA, n. [nr. from nni^tpw.] 1. A (icure in 
rhetoric, when the same word or words are repeated at 
the liecinning of two or more succeeding verses orclau-^os 
of a sentence —2. .Among phvneians, thi* discharge of 
blood, or puralent matter by ih'e mouth. 
AN A-PI.E-ROT (P. a. rGr.„iarX,7ooo).] Filling up ; sup- 
plying Of rene .«.ing flesh. ' 
.AN-.A-PI.K-RC r It', n. K medicine which renews flesh or 
wasted part? . Cozt 


AN'Anrir, n. The nuthor of ronftidnn ; one who cirft 
revolt. MIttm 

A .NAltrllir, )a. Without rule or povrrnment ; In j 

A .NAKi II I <'At., J mate of ronfumon ; applied to a ftair 
or Korlety. h'irtiUng uwn anarchial. 

t AN AIK 11 I.^M, n. t'linfuiilon. 

,\.N Altrll l.-^T, 71. An anarch ; one who exciters revolt, ni 
priimotefi (Unorder in a Rlale 

A.N AIK 11 V, n. [Gr. a>'i();^ia.] Want of government ; « 
ntate of society when there in no law or HUpreiiie power 
or when the tawa are not elliclent ; (tuliticul coiifuiion. 

A NAIl Ml < IIA.", 71. ThcHca wolf. 

ANAS', 71. [I..] A geniiH of water fowl. 

AN-.A .".^R'CA, 71. [Gr. axa and oac{.] A npecien of dro!>- 
Ny, from a serous humor npread V-twecn the nkin nui 

A.N A-.'^.\R'COUS, a. Belonging to anasarca, or dropajr ; 

A-NAS-'l'i) .MAT'IC, a. Having the quality of removing 

A-.N'A.STfJ-MO.'lE, c. J. I'Gr. nva and CTo/ja.l To inf«cu- 
late ; to unite the moutli of one veiutel wilii anulbrr, :ia 
the arteries with the veinn. 

A-NAS-T<J.M(> SY, or A-NA-^-TO-MfiSI.'s, ti. The inocu- 
lation of vessels, or the opening of one vcn-tel into another, 
a.s an artery into a vein ; the communication of two ves- 
sels, as a vein with a vein. 

A-.N.AS-'l'0-.M( IT H", n. Opening the mouths of vessels, or 
removinc obslniclions. 

A-.N.A.'<-T<)-.M<iT I€, ri. A medicine supposed to have the 
power of opening the mouths of vessels, and promotiiig 

A-iNASTRO PIIE, >ji. [Gt. avaaTpotfit].] \n rhflorir and 

A-NAS TRO-PIIY, \ grammar, an inversion of the natu- 
ral order of words. 

A.N'A-T.APE, n. [Gr. avaraaif.'] Octahedrite ; octahedral 
oxyd of littinium ; a mineral that shows a variety of col- 
ors by reflected light. 

A-NATII E-.M.A, 71. [Gr. avaOt pa.] Excommunication with 
curses. Hence, a curse or denunciation by ecclesiastical 
authority, accompanying excommunication. 

A-N.ATH-E-M.AT I-CAL, a. Pertaining to anathema. 

.A-.N ATH-E-M.AT'I-CAL-LY, adc. In the manner of anath 

A\-A-THEM-A-TI-Za'TION, 71. The act of anathematiz 
ing. Kucyc. 

A-NATH E-MA-TIZE, v. t. To excommunicate with a de 
nunciation of curses ; to pronounce an anathema against 

A-NATH E-.MA-TIi«M, n. Excommunication. Tooker 

A-.\ATH E-M.A-TIZEU, pp. Excommunicated with curses 

A-N.ATH C-.M.A-TTZ-ER, n. One who anathematizes. 

A-N.ATH E-.M.A-TIZ-I.NG, ppr. Pronouncing an anathema 

AN-A-TIF ER-OUt?, a. [t. ana3 and fero.] Pr(«lucing 
ducks. Bruirn. 

A-N.ATO-CI?.M, 71. [1,. anatocismus.] Interest npon inter- 
est ; the taking of compound interest. [Rarely ustd.] 

AN-A-TOM I-€.AL, a. Belonging to anatomy' or dis-see- 
tion ; relating to the parts of the body when dissected or 

AN-A-TO.M IC.AL-LY, adr. In an anatomical manner ; by 
means of dissection. 

A-.N .AT O-.MIST, 71. One who dissects bodies ; one who is 
skilled in the art of dissection, or versed in the doctrinf 
and principles of anatnmv. 

A-N.AT O-.MIZE, r. t. To dissect an animal ; to divide in 
to the constituent parts, for the purpose of examining 
each by itself; to lay open the interior structure of the 
parts of a bodv or subject. 

.A-.\.AT O-MTZED, pp. l)i.<k<ectcd, as an animal body 

A-NAT O-.MlZ-ING, ppr. Dissecting. 

A-.\ATO-MA', 71. [Gr.avaropii.] \. The art of dissecting, 
or artificially sepanitinc, the different parts of an animal 
bodv, to discover their situation, structure, and economy. 
2. The doctrine of the stnicture of the body, learned bj 
dissection. 3. The act of dividing any thing, corporea 
or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its part«. 4. 
The body stripped of its integuments ; a skeleton ; an ifk- 
proprr ust of the ircrd. 5. Ironically, a meager person 

AN-A-TREPTIC. (7. [Gr. avarprsd).] Overthrowing; de- 
feating ; prostrating. 

.VN.A-TROX, 71. [Gr. virpov.] 1. Soda, or mineral fixed 
alkali. 2. Spume, or glass gall, a scum which rises upon 
melted glass, in the furnace, and, when taken off, dis- 
solves in the air, and then coagulates into common salt 
.1. The salt which collects on the w.ills of vaults. 

.AN BU-RY, 71. .A disease in tumeps, cr an injury occasion 
ed bv a fly. 

.ANCEP-TOR, 71. [Ft. a-ncestres : L. antecessor.] One fro» 
whom a person descends, either by the father or mother 
at any distance of time, in the tenth or hundredth gene 
ration. An anceflor precedes in the order of nature ot 
blood ; a predecessor in the order of office. 

• See Syn0mt A, C T, 0, p, T, /on*.— FAR, FALL, mi AT ,— PRgY ;— HN, M.ABIXE, BIRD ,— t Obsolttt 


* \N-CESTRAL, (7. Relating or belonging to ancestors; 

claimed or descending from ancestors. 
ANCES-TKY, n. A series of ancestors or progenitors; 
lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent. 
TIence, birth, or honorable descent. 
SNCHKN TRY. See Ancientht. 

AN'CHI-LOPS, 71. [Gr. aiyiXwi//.] The goat's eye ; an ab- 
scess in the inner angle of the eye ; an incipient JUlula 
\>''€llbR, 71. [I.. ancAora.] 1. An iron instrument fur 
holding a ship or other vessel at rest in water.— -■?« 
anchor is when a ship rides by her anclior. Hence, 
to lie or ride ul anrlinr. — To cast anclior, or to anchor, is 
to let go an anchor, to keep a ship at rest. — To vrigh 
anchor is to heave or raise the anchor out of the ground. 
5. In a fgiirativc srn^c, that Which gives stability or se- 
ctirity ; that on which we place dependence for safety. — 
3. In architecture, anchors are carved work, somewhat 
resembling an anclior. — In AeruWi-i/, anchors are emblems 
of hope. 

ANCHOR, 7'. t. 1. To place at anchor; to moor. 2. To 
fix or fasten on ; to fix in a stable condition. 

.\N'eHOR, r. i. 1. To cast anchor ; to come to anchor. 2. 
To stop ; to fix or rest on. 

t .W'fllOR-A-BLE, a. Fit for anchorage. 

.\N'eHOR-A<jE, 77. 1 . Anchor ground ; a place where a ship 
can anchor. 2. The hold of a ship at anchor, or rather 
the anchor and all the nwessary tackle for anchoring, y. 
A duty imposed on ships for anchoring in a harbor. 

AX CMOKEi), /ip. Lying or riding at anchor ; held by an 
anrlior ; moored ; fixed in safety. 

A.\ t'llO-RKSS, H. .\ female anchoret. 

ANTIIO RET, or AN'€HO-RlTE, n. TGr. avaxotprirrji- 
Written by some authors, anachorct.] A hermit ; a rc- 
c!'.ise ; one who retires from society into a desert or soli- 
tary place, to avoid the temptations of the world, and de- 
vote liimsilf to religious duties. 

A.\€noi:-(;i«)l'.\l>, ». Ground suitable for anchoring. 

A.N eUOR-llOLD, n. The hold or fastness of an anchor ; 

\.\ CHOR-IXG,;>/)r. Mooring; coming to anchor ; casting 

AN'€'noR-?MITH, 71. A maker of anchors. 

* AN-CHO VY, I II. [Port, and Pp. fl7i<:/(«7fl.] A small fish, 

* AX(^HO-VY, \ caught, in vast numbers, in the Mcdi- 
teiraiiean, and used as a sauce or seasoning 

AX Clio VY-PEaR, 71. A fruit of Jamaici 

♦AXCIEXT, «. (I^sually pronounced, most anomalously, 
Snciint.) [Ft. iincicn.] 1. Old ; that happened or ex- 
isted in former times, usually at a great distance of 
time ; as, ancient authors, ancient days. 2. Old ; that 
'las been of long duration ; as, an ancient city. 3. 
Known from ancient times ; .03 the ancient continent, op- 
posed to the new continent. 

XXriEXT, 77. Generally used in the plural, ancients. 
1. Those who lived in former ages, oppo.sed to mo'lern.i. — 
In Scripture, very old men. Also, governors, rulers, po- 
litical and ecclesiastical. Hooker uses the word for sc7i- 
iors. 2. .Ancient is also used for a tiag or streamer, in a 
ship of war. 

AX CIEXT-LY, adc. In old times ; in times long r.incc 

AXGIENT-NEPP, 71. The state of being ancient ; anti- 
quity ; existence from old times. 

* AXM''1EX?"-Ry, 7). Dignity of birth ; the honor of ancient 
lineage. Si.ik. 

t* ANCIENT Y, n. Age; antiquity. Martin. 

* AX CIEXT-Y, 71. In some old English statutes and au- 
thors, r/dcrsAin, or seniority. 

ANCI I,E, H. [L.] The ancient shield of the Romans. 

.'VX'('IL-IjA-RY, a. [L. ancilla.] Pertaining to a maid-ser- 
vant, or female service ; subservient as a maidservant. 

AN-CIPI-TAL, a. [I,, anceps.] Doubtful, or double ; dou- 
ble-faced or double-formed. 

A.N'COME, n. A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly. 

\X €0\, 71. [Xj. ancon.] The olecranon, the upper end of 
the ulna, or elbow. Core. 

AXf'oXE, 71. [L. an<-077.J In arcAttecturc, the comer of a 
wall, cross-beam, or rafter. 

\ \ f"< ) \Y, 77. In iron irnrk.o, a piece of half- wrought iron. 
Ml the shape of a bar in the middle, but rude and un- 
wrought at the ends. 

AM), f(;7ij. [Pax. a7id; Gcr uiirf.] And is a conjunction, 
connective, or conjoining word. It signifies that a 
word or part of a sentence is to be added to what pre- 
cedes. Thus, give me an apple and an orange ; that is, 
give me an apple, add, or give, in addition to that, an or- 

\ AN'DA-BA-TISM, 71. Uncertainty. 

A.\'DA-IjU-PITE, fi. ,\ massive mineral, of a flesh or roee 
red color. 

AN-DANiTE, [It.] In music, a word used to direct to a 
movement moderately slow, between largo and allegro. 



AXDA-nAr, •.. Red oipiment. Core. 

AX IJE-.V.N. It. Pertaining to the Andes 

AX 1)1 ItA. ;.. A sp.i i.s of bat in Hrazil 

AXD l-ROX. (and-I' urn) 71. [Teutonic, andena, r>r tndtM , 
Pax. rirand-tsen.] An iron utensil, used, in Great Ilrilain, 
where coal is the common fuel, to support the ends of a 
spit ; but, in .\merica, used to supiTort the wood m fire 

AX DO-RYX HA, 71 The Rrazilian swallow. 

AX-DKA-XATO MY, 71. [Gt. «v7;p. «>,>pof.] The dissec 
tion of a human body, especially of a male 

.\N DRE-O-LITE, n A mineral, the Aa»T7iofo7n?, or rro*«- 

AX DROG T NAL, or AN-DROG'Y-NOUP, a. [Gr. avnf 
and yxjDh] Having two sexes ; being male and female ; 
heniiapliroditical. — In botany, the nan:e is applied to 
plants which bear both mule and fumule flowers from 
the same root. 

.VX-J)I!< )ii Y-X.\L-LY. adr. With the parts of both sexes 

A.N-DROG Y-NUP, 71. A hermaphrodite. Johnson. 

AX IIKOID, 71. [Gr. anjp and cilof.] A machine in the hu- 
man fiirni, which, by certain springs, performs some o4 
the natunil motions of a living man. 

.\N-l)UO.\l i;-DA, 71. A northern constellation, behind Peg 
asus, Ciissiopeia, and Per«eus. 

AX-DROPH'/\-Gl, 71. [C;r. ovTip and ^ayai.] Man-eaters, 
but the word is little used, being superseded by anthro- 

.■\-.NiiAR', prep. Near. Atterbury. 

AX'Ef'-DOTE, 71. [Gr. <i and exfioTOi.] In itf oritjinal sense. 
secret history, or facts not generally known. Hut in mart 
common usage, a particular or detached incident or fact 
of an interesting nature ; a biographical incident ; a sin- 
gle passrise of private lil'e. 

AX-Et'-D(yr'I-€.\L, a. Pertaining to anecdotes. 

t .\-XkLE', r. t. [Pax. <!■//.] To give extreme unction. 

.\-\-E-MOG'R.V-PHY, n. [Gr. aviftoi and 'ypa(p>i.] A dfr 
scription of the winds. 

AN-E-MOL'O-GY, 71. [Gr. ait/ioj and \oyoi.] The doctrine 
of winds, or a treatise on the subject 

AN-E-MOM E-TER, 71. [Gr. avepoi and perpew.] An in- 
strument or machine for measuring the force and veloci- 
ty of the wind. 

A-NEMO-NE, (77. [Cmt. avcptDvi}.] Wind-flower ; a genus 

A-XEM'O-XY, ( of plants of numerous species. — Sea 
Anemone. See Animal Floweh. 

*A-XEM'0-^CnPE, 71. [Gr. aitfios and (roroTTtu.] A ma 
chine which shows the course or velocity of the wind. 

A-XEXT',;7rf;7. About , concerning ; over against : a Scot- 
tish irord. 

ANEP, or AVYX?, 71. The spires or iK'ards of com. 

AN'EU-RI.'M, 7(. [Gr. aia and tuoviw.] A prctcrvitural 
dilatation or rupture of the coats of an artery. 

.AX-EU-RIi« MAL, a. Pertaining to an aneurism. 

A-NEW', adi-. Over again ; another time ; in a new form . 
as, to create aveir. 

A-XEWPT', or .\-NEUPT', adc. Nearly ; almost. 

AN-FRA6TU-0US, a. [L. a77yVac/7i..(.] Winding; full of 
windings and turnings ; written less correctly, anfractu 

AN-FRAC'-TU-OS'I-TY, ) n. A state of being full of 
AN-FRAC TU-OUP-NEPP, i windings and turnings. 
AX-FRAC TURE, n. A mazv winding. 
,\N-GA-RI-A'TION, n. [L. angaria.] Compulsion , exer- 
AN-GEI-OT'0-MY. See Angiotomy. 

* AN'GEL, ji. (Usually pronounced Ungel, but most anoma- 
lously.) [h. (ingehi>- : {'.r. ayyaXog.] J. Li/rrn/Zi/, a mes- 
senger ; one employed to communicate news or infonna. 
tion from one person to another nt a distance. 2 A 
spirit, or a spiritual, intelligent being, employed by God 
to communicate his will to man. 3. In a had .Hcnse, an 
evil spirit ; as, the angel of the bottomless pit. A. Christ, 
the Mediator and Head of tke church. Rrr. x. ."i. A 
minister of the gospel, who is an emba.'«sndor of God. 
Rci\ ii. and iii. ('<. .Any being whom God employs tc 
execute his judgments. Rcr. xvl. T. In tAe style of 
love, a very beautiftil person, ^ak. 

* ANGEL, 71. A fish found on the coa-st of Carolina. 
♦AN'GEL, 71. .\ gold coin formerly current in Englan-I. 

bearing the flcure of an niigel. 

* AN't'JEL, (1. Resimblinc aiiccls ; angelic. Shnk. 

* AX'G EL-AGE. n. The existence or state of angola. 

* AN GEI^FIPII, n. A si«-rieii of shark. 
AN-GELiC, or AX GEI,'I-(AL, a. [L. angclicus.\ Re 

sembling anpe!^ ; belonging to nneels, or partaking o 

their nature ; suiting the nature ana dignity of nngels. 
AN GEI.'l CA, Ti. .\ genus of digynian pi-nlanders, coo 

tniniPE several swcies. 
AN-GELI CAf. LV, a</r. Like nn nneel. 
AN-GELI CAI, NKS.-!, n. The ipiality of he'ng angelic 

excellence more than human. 

• fte Syn-'psii. MOVE. BOOK, DOVE j- BIJLI., UNITE ,— € as K ; a» J ; » as Z ; Cll as SH ; Til ns In ihU f Obsoltt 

ANO »; 

AN •'Jri. TTKH, H. In rAwrr A AmIutv, a »nrt «o r»llr<l frnm 
XiiVi'iKiiiii III Alcumnlrlii, wImiu lli«V lu'l'l Hk'I' Ii'»' 

A.N liKI. I.IKK, <i KriK'iiililliiK, or linvlnu tlir iiiiiniirr* »l 

AN «.KI. <)l,t» t'iV, M. A illKCoiinM' nil iiiigrlii , <ir IM diif- 

Irliif iirmmrlH- lii-ingN. L'A. Sfiectulor. 
AN Hi: l.ol, "• I I'r. 'I «<•*»•.] I. All liKlriimriil iif iiiiwlc, 
noiiit'Wlial ri'M!liililiiiK '> li>t<^- *''■ -^K 'ii><^»'i>> Kl>Rl>*l> 
Colli. ■\ Miimll, rich Mort of rliritxr. 
AN <iKI.XM(»l', n. (Fr. tingr.\ fliiiln Khol, Ix-lriR two 

hiilvcn of 11 Ciiiiiioii liall fiwlniiil to llif fiuU of u cliuiii. 
AN <;i;i,-\VIN(JKn, .1. WInKr.l likr iiiiu<-l». 
A.\ (;i;i^V\'<)ll-SIIII', II. I'lHi wurMliipiiiK of luiKils. 
A.N(;KI{,(niiB'(trr) H. [\.. umt-r.] 1. A vlolnil pMnloii 
of lliriiitiiil,.:xrilril l.y n rriil or !iiifi(»o«'il injury ; iiMiially 
nrroiiipaiiiPtl Willi i |iro|wiiHily to lakr vinci-niire, or to 
oMaiii !<aliBfarlioii froiii lUc ofremiiiiK party. -'. Tfiin ; 
Hiuarl of n i«ori' or iiwrlliii(t ; Ihr literal of the icurd, 
but litllL- ii«r(l. 
IMJKK.r. (. I. To rxclte nnprr ; to provoke ; to roune 
rfsfiiliiipiil. a To make painful ; to cause U> smart ; to 
dNCKK I.V ailr. In nn angry manner ; more generally 

written unitriit/. 
t AN «;KK-.NK.-'.-^, II. The state of lieiiii; nngry. 
AN O.I NA, II. (I.. fr<..n nnu".] A quinsy ; an intlamnia- 

tioii of tlie thnwit ; a tu.Jor inipi-diiij! respiration. 
AN i";INA l'l',("'r()-UIS Vn niionialou.s or sp:i8modic af- 
fiTlion of Ihe and o.jans of respiration ; or a dis- 
rasr of tlir lieatt. Coie. 
AN-(';l or. KA-I'MY, II. H'.T.ay,Ktovnm\ypa<t)v-] A de- 
scription of tliK vessels in the hi.a..Mi body. 
AN-fM-OI/O-OY, n. [«!r. ayyunv an^i Xoyof.] A treatise 

or discourse on the vessels of the liunii^i body. 
AN (il-lKMON-O-f^PEIlMOl'S, a. [Cr. yyciov, fiovos, 

and (Tirtp/iu. j Producing one seed only in i pod. 
AN i;l-0 SPERM, II. [Or. nyytioi-and ffTcp^.i.] In botany, 

n plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp. 
A.N-OI-O SPKK.M OL'S, II. Having seeds incltsed in a pod 

or other pericarp. 
A.N-(';l-OT()-.MY, n. [Or. ayyfioi' and Ttfii'w.j The open- 
in 2 of a vessel, whet her a vein "ran artery, as in bleeding. 
.^NtU.K, I/. [Fr. aiiirU.] In popular language, the point 
where two lines meet, or tlie meeting of two lines in a 
point ; a corner. In treomftry, the spa e comprised be- 
tween two straight lines that meet in a oint, or between 
two straislit converging lines, which, if -i.xti^nded, would 
meet ; or the quantity by which two s rait.iit lines, de- 
parting from a point, diverge from e .ch otlier. The 
point (if nieetiiig is the vertex of the angle, md the lines 
coiiiaining the angle are its sides or legs. 
A.N' CLK, II. A hook ; an instrument to take I'isli, consist- 
ing of a rod, a line and a hook, or a line and .'lOok. 
AN <;hE, r. 1. I. To fish with an angle, or with line and 
hook. -2. r. t. or i. To tish for ; to try to gain by some 
bait or insinuation, as men angle for fish. 
AN t;i>En, a. Having angles — used only in compounds. 
A.N OLEU, n. One tliat lishes with an angle ; also, a fish, 

a species of lophiiis. 
AN'(;hE-ROD, n. The rod or pole to which a liue and 

hook are fastened. 
AN'|;LE.«, 71. [L. ^1n<rli.] A people of Germany, from 

whom the name of England was derived. 
AN(;LI€, ) a. ffrom -4n!T/<"s.] English ; pertaining to 
AN CLl-t'AN", \ England or the English nation. 
AN'(;L1-C1.«.M, n. -Vii English idiom ; a form of language 

peculiar to the English. Milton. 
AN IILI-CIZE, V. t. To make English ; to render conform- 
able to the English idiom. 
AN IJLI.NG, ppr. Fishing with an angle. 
AN CLING, II. A fishing with a rod and line. 
A.N'-(;T,()-Da .N'ISH, (I. Pertaining to the English Danes, or 

the Panes who settled in England. 
AN-Gl,()-.N"OR.M .\N, a. Pertaining to the English Nor- 
mans. H'otton. 
AN r.l,0-SAX ON, a. Pertaining to the Saxons who settled 

in F.ndand, or English Saxons. 
A.N-i;Eo-S.\X on, 11. A kind of pear ; also the language 

of the English Saxons. 
AN-<;ri LA-PEA, or PIGEON-PEA. A species ofcytisus. 
AN r.OR, n. [L.] 1. Pain ; intense bodily pain. 2. The 
retiring of the native bodily heat to the centre, occasion- 
ing head nche, palpitation,' and sadness. 
AN (jREn, or AN t;EREn, pp. Made angry -, provoked. 
A.N'CRI-LV, iiiir. In an angrv manner; peevishly ; with 

indications of resentment. 
AN{;RY,a. 1. Feeling resentment ; provoked. 2. Show- 
ing anger ; wearing the marks of anger ; caused by an- 
ger. X Inflamed, as a sore ; red ; manifesting in'flam- 
m.ation. 4. Kagins ; furious ; tumultuous. 
ANG SA NA, or AN~G,*!a VA, m. A red gum of the East 
Indies, like of dragon's blood. 

A.NGI', i>. Ilreati iiiade of llie ca<Mada plant. 

rliiiler of ntiirD III the form of ii man linhliiig a DcrprD. 
.■ser|N'iilariii>, niie of Ihr twelve iignii of llir /.odiac. 
A.N Gl II. I. \, n. 1 1.. J III luu/vjfy, an eel -, nl«o the mnM 

of a .Mediterranean liali. 
AN-(;i;iM.I l'(iKM,u. [I., uiigmtta ami fvrma.] In in« 

roriii of an eel, or of n M-rpenC. 
AN(;ri.'^ll, II. [Fr. aii/fuM/ic.) Extreme pain, either of 

body or mind. 
A.N'GI'ISII, B. I. To diatreai with extrmM: pain or grief 

A.N (;iMsnED, |ip. Extremely pained ; tortured-, deeply 

AN (<I>'-LAR, n. I. Having an angle, angle*, or cofTien 
iHiinted. 2. ConHi«tiiis of an angle j forming an angle. 
A.N-(;iMw\R'I-1'V, n. The quality of having an angle or 

A.N'tJL'-LAR-LY, ado. With angle* or corneni ; In the di- 
rection of the angles. 
AN(JII-LAR-NE.S'<, ii. The quality of being angular. 
AN (J( '-LA-TED, a. Formed with angles or corner* 
t AN-GU-LOS'1-TY, n. Angularity. 
ANGU-LOUS, a. Angular ; having corneni ; hmiked. 
t AN-<^;UST', a. (L. aniraiitwi.] Narrow ; itraight. 
.\N (;LfS-TA TION, 71. [L. augiuius.] The act of making 

narrow: a straightening. 
A.N^;L'STI-CL.\VE, II. JU. aiigu-itiLs.] A robe or tunic 
embroidered with purple studs or kiiolis, or by purple 
stripes worn by Roman knights. 
AN-IIE-La TloN II. L. uii/ie/o ' Shortness of breath ; a 

panting -^ ditlicull respiratioii. 
AN-II1:-LoSE', a. Out of breath; panting breathing with 

dirticulty. [Little n.-<ed.] 
A.N Hl-M,\, II. A Brazilian aquatic fowl. 
AN IIY-DRITE, n. A species of sulphate of lime. 
A.N-IIV DIMUS, a. [Gr. cwcpos.J Destitute of water, 
f A.N-I-EN"/ :.ii, a. [It. nieiitc] Frustnited ; brought lo 

naught. Ciiuiurr, 
A-.NIGHT , (a-nite') adv. In the night time.— >?nin-A(.», In 
the plural, is u.<)ed of frequent and customary act?. Shak. 
AN'IL, II. [Sp. ani/.] A shrub (Vom whose leaves and stalks 

indigo is made j Judigufcra. 
A-.NILENEt>S, in. [L. amli.-,; anilitas.] The state of being 
A-NILI-TY, \ anold woman ; the old age of a woman ; 

t .AN I-. MA-RLE, a. Susceptible of animation, 
t AN-1-.MAU-VER S,\L, n. That which has the power of 

AN-l-.MAU^VER'SION, n. [L. animadversio.] Remarks by 
way of censure or criticism; reproof; blame. It maj 
sometimes be used for /luntsAiiifiK. 
t A.N-I-MAD-VER SIVE, a. That has the power of perceiv 

ing. Glaniille. 
t AN-1-.M.VD-VERSIVE-XESS, 71. The power of aniniad 


.ANI M.\D-VERT', r. i. [L. animaiherto.] J. To turn the 

mind to ; to consider. 2. To consider or remark upon by 

way of criticism or censure. .T To inflict punishment. 

AN-l-M.\n-VERT ER, n. One who animadverts, or maXcs 

remarks bv way of censure. 
.\N-I-.M.\D-'VERT I.NG, ppr. Considermg ; remarking by 

way of criticism or censure. 
AN'I-M.XL, II. [L.] An organized body, endowed with life 
and the ]iower of voluntary motion ; a living, sensitive, 
locomotive body ; as, man is an intelligent animal. By 
way of contempt, a dull person is called a stupid ani- 
AN I-MAL, 17. That belongs or relates f. .iniinals. 
AN-I-.MALCL'-L.\R, or AN-I-M.\L CL'-LINE, a. Rela' 

ing to animalcules. I.nnJttn Quarterly Recieit. 
AN-I-M AL crLE, n. [L. aninaleulum, animaicula ] t 
little animal ; an animal who=e figure cannot be discerti- 
ed without the aid of a magnifying glass. 
AN'I-M.\L-FLO\Y-ER, n. In -..oology, sea anemone, sea 

nettle, or urfica marina. 
.\N I-.MAL-I?.>I, 71. Sensualitv. 
t .\N-I-MAL'I-TY, 71. Animal existence. Smith. 
.\N-l-.MAL-I-'/A TIO.N, 71. The act of givine .inimallife, or 

endowins witli the properties of an animal. 
.AN I-M.-VL-IZE, r. t. To give animal life to ; to endow 

with the projierties of animals. 
•AN I-M.VL-IZED, pp. Endowed with animal life. 
.\N I-M AL-IZ-LNG, ppr. Giving animal life to. 
A.N I-M.\TE, r. t. [L. animo ] I. To give natur^ life to ; 
to quicken ; to make alive. 2. To give powers to, or to 
heighten the powers or etfect of a thing. 3. To give spin 
or vigor ; to infuse courag;e, joy, or other enlivening pas- 
sion ; to stimulate or incite. 
.AN I-M.\TE, a. .\live; possessing animal life. [Used 

chioflv in poetrv for animated.'] 
.VN I-MA-TED, pp. 1. Being endowed with animal I'fe 
2 a. Lively ; vigorous ; full of spirit ; indicating animu 

• Stt .Syjwyju J. e, T, 0, C, V. long — F\R. FALL, WHAT ;— PREY ;— nN, MARtNE, BIRD - t ObfolHt. 




IkN'l-MA-TING, j>pr. Giving life ; infusing spirit ; enliven- 

dNI-MA-TING-I^V, adn. In an animating manner. 

AN I-MA'TIO.N', H. I. 'I'heact of infusing life ; tlie state of 
being animated. 2. Tlie state of being lively, brisk, or 
full of spirit and vi^or. 

A.NI-MA-TIVE, a. That has the power of giving life or 
spirit. Jvliiuun. 

AN l-MA-TOK, n. One that gives life ; that which infuses 
life or spirit. 

AN'liMi:, H. [Fr.) In heraldry, a term denoting that the 
eyes of a rapacious animal are borne of a different tincture 
from the animal himself. 

AN IMK, H. [Sp.] A resin exuding from a tree. 

AN-I-MKTTA, «. Among eccle.^iu.ilical kW((-m, the cloth 
whith covers the cup of the euchariiit. 
AN-l-MoSE, a. Full of spirit. 

t AN l-MoSE \ESS, 11. (Spirit ; heal. 

.\N I MOSi-TY, II. {L.tiiiimusitan.] Violent hatred accom- 
panied with active opposition ; active enmity. 

A-NIN'GA, n. A root growing in the West Indies, like the 
China plant, used in refining sugar. 

AN'ISK, n. [ \j. anUuiii.j An annual plant, placed by Linne 
under the genus pimpineliu. 

AN'I.SK SKEO, II. The seed of anise. 

ANKER, 71. A measure of liipiids used in Holland, contain- 
ing about 32 Engllsli gallons. 

ANK LE, (ank'kl) «. [Sax. mideoir ; D. cnM.] The joint 
which connects tile liiot with the leg. 

ANK LE-HUM:, ». Tlie bone of the ankle. 

ANK'liED, a. Relating to the ankles. 

ANNAL-lt^T, n. A writer of annala. 

AN'NAL-I7.E, v. t. To record ; to write annals. [JVol 
viurk «.<cd.] 

AN'NAI-!«, II. p>n. ri.. annates.] I. A species of history 
digested in order of time, or a relation of events in chro- 
nolngical order, each event being recorded under the year 
in which it I appened. 3. The books C(mtaining annals. 

AN'NATS, 7t. L. ii«H!(j>-.J A year's income of a spiritual 

AN-.\r.ATV, v.t. [f^ax. ana-Ian.] 1. To heat; to heat, as 
glass and iron, for the purpose of rendering them less brit- 
tle, or to fix colors. .9sli. '2. To temper by heat. 

AN-NkAL'EIi, (nn-neeld') pp. Heated ; temiH-red ; made 
malleable and less brittle by heat. 

AN-.VKAL'l\(i, p/<r. Heating ; tempering by heat. 

AN -NF.X', r. u (L. aiiiifri.ii.] 1. 'I'o unite at the end ; to 
subjoin, to afiix. 2. To unite, as a smaller thing to a 
greater, '.i. To unite to sometiiing preceding, as the main 
object ; to connect with. 

AN-NEX', V. i. To join ; to be united. Tookc. 

f AN NEX', 7/. The thing annexed. Broirv. 

AN-NEX-A TION, II. The act of annexing, or uniting at 
the end ; conjunction ; addition ; the act of connecting; 

AN-NEX'F,n, fan-next') /<p. Joined at the end ; connected 
with ; aliixed. 

AN-NEX'INO, ppr. Uniting at the end ; affixing. 

AN NE.X'ION, 71. The act of annexing ; amiexation ; addi- 
tion. [Lilllr used.] 

AN-NEX'MENT, n. The act of annexing ; the thing :in- 
nexed. Shal:. 

AN NT HI-LA-nT,E, a. That mav be annihilated. 

AN-NT HI-T.ATE, r. t. [I,, ad aiid nihihim.] 1. To r<'diice 
to nothing ; to destroy the existence of. 0. To destroy 
the fnrin or peculiar distinctive properties, so that the 
specific thing no longer exists. 

AN MUr I, ATE, 77. Annihilated. Sirift. 

AN .NT III LA-TEI), p;>. Reduced to nothing ; destroyed. 

A.\'-\I lll-I.A-TING, 7)/>r. Reducing to nothing; destroy- 
ing the specifi* form of. 

AN-NT HI-I-A'TK)N, ti. 1. The act of reducine to nothing 
or non-cxislenre ; or the act of destroying the form or 
combination of parts under which a thing exists, so that 
the name can no loneer be applied to it. 2. Tlie state of 
being reduced to nothing. 

AN M VERS A RI I,Y, «(/i'. Annuallv. /fall. 

AN Nl VERS A-RV, «. (I,. (iii>iirrr^ariiu<.] Returning 
with llie vear, at a stated time ; annual ; yearlv. 

A.\ M-VEilS A-RV, n. 1. A stated day, returning with the 
rcvdiulion of the year. The term is applied to a day on 
which MMiw remarkable event is nnniially celebrated. 2. 
The act o( celebration ; performance in honor of in 
t .W'Nl-VERSK, 71. Anniversary. 

A.N NO no.MI-NT. [T..] In the year of our I^ird, notine 
the time from our Savior's incarnation ; as, jjTino Domim, 
or./?. /). IHOO, 
f AN NOrSANTE, 77. A nuisance. 

A.N-NdMI-NA TION, 71. [T.. nd and 7in77ii7iaf;o.] 1. A 
pun ; the use of words nearly alike in sound, but of dif- 
ferent meanings ; a paronomasy. 2. Alliteralion. 
AN-NrvNA,7i [L. (17177071a.] The custard apple, a genus of 
several species. 

ANNOTATE, v.i. [L. annota.] To Comment ; to maK? 
remarks on a writing. Taller. 

.AN-.NO-T.^'no.N, 71. [L. .i(77i..Mfiti.] I. -A remark, not« 
or commentary on some passage 01 a book. Intended to 
illustrate its meaning. 2. The lirsl symptoms of a fevei 
or attack of a paroxysm, due. 

AN .\0-TA-TOK, 71. A writer of notes ; a commentator ; a 

AN-.\OT'TA, 71. Orlean, or roucmt : a hard, drj' paste. 

AN-NOLTNCE', (an-nouns') t>. t. [Fr. amninerr.] I. To pub- 
1 Bh ; to proclaim ; to give notice, or lirsi notice. 2. Tw 
pronounce ; to declare by judicial sentence. 

AN-NOUN CEU, (an-nounsf) pp. I'roclaimed ; first pub- 

AN-NCJL'NCE'MENT, (an-nouns nient) 71. The act of gi» 
ing notice ; proclamation ; publication. Jilunth. .Wu<r. 

AN-.\(JLIN CER, 71. One that announces, or first gives no- 
tice ; a proclaimer. 

AN-NOUN ClN(i, ppr. Introducing notice ; first publijih- 
ing ; proclalminG;. 

AN-NOV', r. t. [N'orm. annoijcr.] To incommode ; to in- 
jure or disturb by continued or repeated acts ; to tease, 
vex or molest. 

AN-NOV , II. Injury or molestation from continued acts or 
inconvenience. Shak. 

A.N-.NOV'A.\('E, II. That which annoys, or injures; ttie 
act of annoying ; the state of being annoyed. 

AN-.\OV'El), (an-noyd') /I/). Incommoded, injured or mo- 
lested by something that is continued or rejieated. 

AN-NflV'ER, II. One that annoys. 

fA.N-NOYFUL, a. Giving trouble; incommoding ; m& 
lesting. Chaucer. 

AN-NOV f.NG ppr. Incommoding ; hurting ; molesting. 

t AN-NOYOUS, 77. Troublesome. Chaucer. 

AN'NU-.AI., a. [Fr. annuel.] I. Yearly ; that returns every 
year ; coming yearly. 2. Lasting or continuing only one 
year or season ; that requires to be renewed every year. 
3. Performed in a year. 

ANNU-.\L, II. .\ plant that lives but one year, or ratiier 
but one summer. Martyn. 

AN'NU-AL-LY, adv. Yearly ; returning every year ; year 
by year. 

AN .NIF-.\-RY, a. .Annual. J. Hall. 

AN-NC"I-T.ANT, 71. One who receives or is entitled to re- 
ceive an annuitv. 

AN-NC l-TV, II. [Fr. aiiniu*^.] -A sum of money, payable 
yearly, to continue for a given number of years, for life 
or fiir ever ; an annual income, charged on the person of 
the grantor ; or an annual allowance. 

ANNUL', I'. I. [Fr. annuller.] 1. To make void ; to nul- 
lify ; to abrogate ; to abolish. 2. To reduce to nothing . 
to obliterate. 

ANNULAR, n. [L. annulus.] Having the form of a ring ; 
pertaining to a ring. 

,AN'NU-L.A-RY, a. Having the form of a ring. Ray. 

.AN'NU-L.A TED, 71. Furnished with rings, or circles, like 
rings ; having belt*. 

.AN'NU-LET, 11. [L. aiinulu.<.] In architecture, a small, 
square member in the Doric capital, under the quarter 
round.— In heraldry, a little circle, Ivirne aa a charge ia 
coats of arms. 

AN-.NUL'LED, (an-nuld') pp. Made void ; abrogated. 

.AN-NUL LIN<;, ///ir. Abrogating; abolishing. 

AN NUL .MENT, ». The act of aiinnlling. 

AN-NP ME-R.ATE, i-. I. [L. annumeru.] To add to a form- 
er number ; to unite to something before mentioned 

A.\-Nfi ME-Ra TION, II. Adilition to a former fiuin'ier. 

AN-NUNCI.ATE, r. t. To bring tidings ; to announce. 

AN-NUN-CI.A'TION, 77. I. An annMiiiiring ; the tidmg* 
hron-'ht bv the angel to Marv, of the inrariiali.m of 
Christ. .Also the dav celebrated bv the clinrrli, in mem 
orv of the angel's salutation of the bles.<rd Virgin, which 
Isthe 2:.tli of March. 2. rroclamatioii ; promulgation 
7\N-NUN-ClA TOR, 71. One who announc.-s. 
AN'0-D^NE, 11. [Gr. o or Ml', n.nd oi^ini;.] Any medicine 

which allavs pain, or causes sleep. 
ANOnVNE, (1. Assuaging pain ; causing sleep, or insen- 

AN (1 DV NOUS, (7. Relonging to anodym-s. Colrt. 
A-.NoINT', r.t. (Fr. omdre.] I. To pour nil upon ; t« 
smear or' rub over with oil or unctuous suholances ; also 
to spread over, as oil. 2. To cmi-^ecrate by unclion, or 
the use (if oil. ' 3. To smear or daub. 1. To prepare, in 
allusion to the conserrnting use of oil. 
ANOINT I'D, ;i;i. Smeared or rubbed with oil ; set apart 

consecrated with (■il. 
A NOINT ED, ". 'I'be Messiah, or Son of God. 
ANOINT I'lt, II. One who anoints. 
A-NolNT \Sr,, ,.;ir. Smearing with oil ; pouring on oil, or 

oilier (ili-ieiiiii'is siibst-'ince ; consecrating. 
A-Ni )INI' ING, 11. The net of smearing with nil , a conse- 

* See Syiwpsui. MOVE, BOQK, D6VE ;— BIJLL. UNITE.- e as K ; G as J ; ? iw Z ; CH as SH ; TH as in this. ♦ Obideli 




\ NoINT >II-;N r, «. 'I'luMicl iif iiiKiliilliiR, or xtiKciif being 

A'NTi l.r., n. A ii|mtI<'ii ofll/.iird In tin- Wmt Indlrit. 
A No.M A I.I l'l-"i "• I'"'- ukwiiiiha.] An o|illlirt «lvon Ui 
fiiwlii, wliiMi' iiiiilillr liMt in nriili'il Id till.' I'lti.'Miic tiy tliruo 
|iliiiliiiii;i'><, 'Hill I'l lliii liilrrlnr liy oni! niily. 
A \<i.M A I.I l'i:i>, II. An iiiininiiiiiiiN rmili'il I'uwl. 
A \iiM \ I.HM, "■ An iiniiin.iiy ; ii (Irviatinn Iniin rule. 
A M 'M ALL-^TM;, 1 u. Irri'Kolar i (li-ii:irlinu IVoni 

A .\ii.M A l.l.'^ 'I'l-C^AIi, { coinniiin nr rHtiil>llFilu-d riilri*. 

A .V'l.M A I.OU.'^, II. Irrf^uliir; duvlntlng (r ii goncriil 

riilr iiii'lliiiil or nniildgy. 
A \' iSl A l,()i;.S 1,Y, ailr. Irrcguliirly ; in a nmnnrr diflV-r 

I'll! iVnin r<iiuni(iii niiu, nii-lliud nr niiiiliiiiy. 
A-Ni '.NrA-IA', II. (Kr. ii/i«;w(i/if.| I. Irrciriilnrity ; devla- 
(iiiii I'roin llie cunnniin rule. — 'J. In aitrunomij, an irregu- 
larity in llie Miiitiun u( a planet. — 'J. In munic, a fiUse 
Niale or interval. 
A-.No'MK .!.%■)*, M. [(ir. aro/ioiuf.] In church hulitry, the 
pure .Vrianii, n.s diHtingiilslitMl fYntn lliu Menii-.Arinntt. 

A-NO'MI-.\, H. [Gr. avojua.] A ({enuH of bivalve HlielU, »o 
ralU'il from llieir unequal valvcH ; tlic beaked cockle. 

A.N I »-iMl'rK, H. A fossil shell of the genus unoinia. 

A.\ (IMO-RIIO.MUOIU, K. [f.-r. aKj/joio«.] A genus of 
sjiars, pellucid, and crystaline, of no determinate fomi 

A.N' II .MV, n. [Cr. avofiia.] A violation of law. Dramhall. 
[Hiirtly uncd.'i 

A-NMiN'', adv. [Sa.x. on nii.] 1. (luickly j without inter- 
nil.ssioii ; aoon ; immediately. 2. i^ometimed ; now and 
then : nt other times. 

A-NO.NY-MOU.S, a. [Fr. anonymc ; L. aiwnijmus.] Name- 
lens ; wanting a name ; without the real nume or the au- 

A-NOX Y-MOUS-LV, adv. Without a name. 

ANO I'LO-THER, in. [Gr. uv, otXov and Or/pio;.] 

A.\-U-l'J.U-TllEKl-t;.M, ( A name which C'uvier ha.s 
given to a genus of animals. 

A-NOI"SY, «. [Gr. av and wi^.] Want of sight ; invision. 
[Little used,] 

A.\0-REX-Y, n. [Gr. a and op£|if.] Want of appetite, 
without a lothing of food. CoTe. 

A\-iYf H'KR, a. [an, or one, and other.] I. Not the same ; 
dKU-rent. 'J. Une more, in addition to a former number, 
indtfinitely. :(. Any other ; any diHerent person, indefi- 
nitely. This word is often used without a noun, becom- 
ing a substitute for tlie name of the person or thing. 

t A.N-6TII KK-CAI.NKi?, adc. Of another kind. 

t A\-6'fn KR-<;ATK,S, adc. Of another .sort. 

t .V-V-Ofll KK-i;('i;s.~:, a. Of a difierent kind. 

AN-oT II j:U-(;L'Irfl::, a. Of a dilFerent kind ; different. 
[This is a vulgar word, and usually contracted into other- 

A-NOT TA, 11. An elegant red color, formed from the pelli- 
cles or pulp of the seeds of the biia. 

t A-NOUGH', A-NOVV. See Enough, Enow. 

AN'S.\-TED, a. [L. ansatus.] Having a handle or handles, 
or something in the form of^handles. 

ANSER, n. [L.J 1. In zoulugij, the name of the goose, 
whether tame or wild. — 2. In astronomy, a small star, in 
the milky way. 

AN SER-I.N'E, a. [L. anserinu.<i .] 1. Resembling the skin 
of a coose ; uneven. 2. Pertaining to the ansers. 

AN SERS, n. In Linne's system, the third order of are* or 

t A.N' SLAIGUT, (an'slate) «. An attack ; an affray. 

.IN'SWER, (in'ser) r. t. [i^ax. andsirarian.] 1. To speak 
in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration 
or argument of another person. 2. To be equivalent to ; 
to be adequate to, or sulticient to accomplish the object. 
3. To comply with, fuliill, pay or satisfy. 4. 'J"o act in 
return, or opposition. Ti. To bear a due proportion to ; to 
be equal or adequate ; to suit. i'.. To perform what was 
intended ; to accomplish. 7. To bo opposite to ; to face. 
8. To write in reply ; to reply to another writinp, by way 
of explanation, refutation or justification. 9 To solve. 

A.N'SWER, r. i. 1. To reply ; to speak bv way of return. 
0. To he accountable, liable or responsible. :t. To vindi- 
cate, or give a justilicatory acrouiit of. I. To correspond 
with ; to suit with. ,5. To act reciprocally, i". To stand 
as op(x«ite or correlative. 7. To return, as sound rever- 
b«'rated ; to echo. K. To succeed ; to effect the object in- 
tended ; to have a good effect. 

AN'SWER, H. 1. A reply ; that which is said, in return to 
a call, a question, an argument, or an alU^gation. 2. .An 
account to be rendered to justice.— D. In /<i<r, aconnler- 
stateinent of facts, in a course of pleadinsrs ; a confutation 
of what the other party has alledged. 4. A writing, 
paniplilet or book, in reply to .inotlier. .->. .\ reverlterated 
Bound ; an echo. i). A return ; that which is sent in con 
sequence of some petition. 7. A solution, the result of a 
mathemnlical operation. 

A.NSWKI! A l!/,i;, «. I. 'Iliut may be nniiwrred ; to 
wlilcli a reply may lie inadr. 2. Obliged In give an ae- 
riMiiil, or liable to bv called to account ; uiiii-iiable ; re- 
)i|Hiiiiiible. :). Obliged ur liable to pay, indeiiiiiiry of 
iiinke good. 4. I'orreHporident , iigrciMiig with -, In cun- 
fornilty with. ■>. ."Suitable ; nulled ; proportionate. 6 
Equal : C4irrei«iN>ndent ; pr«|Hirtii>iiuir. 

/.\ SWiilt A lll.K .M>!.'<, «. The quality of being arutwer- 
iible, liable, r'ntponnible, or correniNindciit. 

A.NS\vi;U A M.\,tidr. In due prii|Mirlion, correa|>ond«nc« 
or conforniity ; «uitably. 

ANSUERKIi, ;;/<. Replied to; fulfilled; p.ild ; complied 
with ; ri'-ciiiiiplixhed ; solved ; confuted. 

ANSWER ER, n. One who unswerM ; he or that which 
makes a return to what another has MjMiken ; lie who 
wrileH nn answer. 

AN.-^WEK I.N*;, /v>r. Kejdying ; corre)«|H>nding to ; ftilfill 
ing ; Kolving ; Miicreeding ; reverlieratiiig ; Ciiifuting. 

.'(.N.SWER-Jt'ill HER, 11. One who makeit a busiiicMS of 
writing answers. Surt/t. 

A.N'T, in old uuthoni, is a conlractiun of ax ■(, thai is, (^ it 
.SVe An. 

ANT, 71. [Box. amet.] An emmet ; a pismire. 

AN'TP AT l'"R ( "• ■'^ quadruped that feeds upon ants. 

A.\T-EGGS, ;i.' I.ittle white balls found in the hillocks tt 
aiiLs, usually supposed to be their eggs, but found, on ei- 
aniln.atioii, to be the young bn«)d, in their first litale. 

A.N'T-MIEE, 71. A little tumulus or hillock, formed by anU, 
for their habitation. 

.A.N'T.V, 71. In ancient archileclure, a square column, iit tbe 
comer of a building ; a pilaster ; written ante. 

ANT-.\C'ID, 71. In pharmacy, an alkali, or a remedy for 
Sourness or acidity ; better written anti-acid. 

ANT-ACRID, 7j. That which corrects acrimony ; better 
written anti-acrid. 

,\N-TA(; O-.M.^.M, n. Opposition of action ; counteraction 
of tilings or principles. Ouud. 

AN-TAG'O-NIST, n. [Gr. avri and aycm-iffTTjj.] J. On* 
who contends with another in combat ; used [>rimarily in 
relation to the Grecian games. An adversary. 2. An op- 
ponent in controversy. Cauipbetl. — 'i. In anatomy, a mus- 
cle which acts in opposition to another. 

AN-T,AG O-NIST, a. Counteracting; opposing. 

A.\-T.\G-0-NI.S Tie, a. Opposing in combat ; contending 

.A.N-TAG O-NIZE, 77. i. To contend against; to act in op- 
position ; to oppose in argument. 

t AN-T.AG'0-.\'Y, 71. Contest; opposition. Milton. 

AN-TAL Gte, a. [Gr. avTi and a'Xyof.] Alleviating pain , 
anodyne. [Little used.] 

AXT-,\-N.\-eL.ASIS, 71. [Gr. avTavaxXami.] 1. In rArto- 
ric, a figure, which consists in rept-ating the same word 
in a different sense ; as, whilst we lire, let us lire. 2. It 
is also a repetition of words, beginning a sentence, after a 
long parenthesis. 

ANT-.\-N.A-Go'GE, 71. [Gr. avn and arayaiyij.] In rheto- 
ric, a figure, which consists in replying to an adversary, 
by way of recrimination. 

^VNT-A-PIIRO-DIS I-AC, a. [Gr. ai'U and aippoiiaiof.'] 
Antivenereal ; having the quality of extinguishing '-r les- 
sening venereal desire. 

ANT-.V-PHRO-niS lAC, ti. .\ medicine that lessens or 
extinguishes the venere;il appetite. 

A.\'l'-A-PHRo-UIT IC, <i., abating tne vene- 
real appetite, or efficacious against the venereal disease. 

A.NT-A-PIIRO-DIT'ie, n. A medicine which ab.ates the 
venereal appetite, or is good against the venereal disease. 

.VNT-A-PO-PLECTie, a. Good against apoplexy. 

A.NT-.XKC TIC, (I. [Gr. Qi'Ti and doKTof.] Opposite to the 
northern, or arctic pole ; relating to the southern pole, or 
to the region near it 

.•V.\-TA RE?, n. The name of a star of the first magni- 

A.NT-AR-TliniTIC, n. [C.r. nyri and af,eptTis.] Counter- 
acting the ffout. 

ANT-AR-TIIRITIC, 71. .\ remedy which cures or .allevi- 
ates the gout. 

ANT-ASTII-MAT IC, a. [Gr. avn and afTO/id.] Opposing 
the asthma. 

ANT-ASTII-MAT IC, n. A remedy for the iisthma. 

.ANTE. A T.atin preposition, the Greek ain, much used 
in the rompositiuii of English words, especially in words 
from the I.aliii and Greek langiiases. It signifies hrfin-e 
in place, in front ; hence, oppa<ite, contrary ; and. ficura- 
tively, hefnre in time. The Latin aii.v is generally used 
in the sense of he fore, and the Greek a»ri in that of oj/piy- 
sile, or in the place of, 

.VN TE, or .\N T.A, 71. .\ pilaster.— In keraldni, nnte de^ 
notes tint the pieces are let into one another, in the man- 
ner there expresied. 

.•\.N'TE-.\CT, ri. [L. an/e, and aef.] A preceding act. 

• S«r Syno^wu. A, E, I, OS, C, Y, lo,ig.~PXVi, F.\LL, WH.\T ,— PREY ,— PIN, MAUtXE, RIRD ;— t Obsolete 


AN TE-CE-DA'-NE-OUS,a. Aiilecedenl ; preceJing in 
tinip. Oiren, 

AN-'l'li-CiiUli ,0. t. To go before in lime ; to |" eceile. Ilulc. 

AA'-'1'L;-CE'1)E\CE, n. Tlie act or suite of g ,iiig before in 
time ; precedence. 

A.N-'ri^-CK'Uli.N'l', a. Uoing before in time ; prior ; ante- 
rior ; preceding. 

Ai\-TE-CK'UK.\r, 7!. Tbat wliich goes before in time ; 
lience, in irrilings, that wliicli precedes in place. — In 
graiiimar, tlie noun to wliich a relative or other substitute 
refers. — In Luiric, the lirst of two propositions in an enthy- 
meme.-— In inathemaUcs, the lirst of two terms of a ratio. 

Ai\-'I'E-C'E DKNT-LiY, ado. Treviously ; at a time pre- 

AN-TB-CES'SOR, n. [L.] 1. One who goes before ; a 
leader ; a principal. 2. One that possessed land before 
the present possessor. 

AN Tti-CHA.M [il'.V., n. .\ chamber or apartment before the 
chief apartment to which it leads, and in which persoiui 
wait for audience. 

AN TE-CII.VI*-EL, n. The part of the chapel through 
wliicli is the passage to the choir or body of it. 

AN-'i'lO CIAN, 71. []j. antccci,] In trruirrnphij, the anlccians 
are those inhabitants of the earth, umler the same merid- 
ian, and at the same distance from the ecpiator, but on 
opposite sides, one party north, tlie otlier south. 

AN-TE-CUKS'lJU, n. [L. ante and cursor.] Une who runs 
before ; a forerunner. 

AN''J'E-UATE, n. Prior date ; a date antecedent to another. 

AN'TE-D,\TE, ». (. [L. aTite and (/>i<uf7i.] 1. To date be- 
fore the true ijme. 2. To anticipate ; to take before the 
true time. 

AN-TE-1)I-L0'VI-AL, \a. [L. ante aiiA diluvium.] Before 

AN-TE-DI-J>0 VI-AN, j the tlwd, or deluge, in JNoah's 
time ; existing, happening, or relating to wiiat happened, 
before the delui^e. 

Ai\-TE-l)I-LO'V'l-AN, 77. One who lived before the deluge. 

f Ai\"J'E-FAeT, 71. That which represents tlie fact before 
it occurs. 

AN'T 1 LUPE, 71. In looloay, the pazel ; a genus of rumi- 
nant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and go:it. 

AN-TE-I.OeAN, u. [L. antdticanu^.] Being before light. 

AN-TE-ME-RID'1-AN, a. [L. ante, and meridian.] Being 
before noon ; pertaining to the forenoon. 

AN-TI'-MET'1€, a. [Gr. avn, and c;;ictic.] Restraining or 
allaying vomiting. 

AN-Tlv-.MET'IG, 7/. A medicine which checlis vomiting. 

AN-'l'E-MLTNIi .'VNE, 77. [L. ante a-nii viundujs.] Being be- 
fore the creation of the world. 

AN-TE-.\rciCNF,, 71. [L. a7i«e, and JViccTie.] Anterior to the 
first council of Nice. 

AN-'J'KN'NA;, 71. 77/ii. [L.] In znohiiry, tlie horns or feelers 
of insects, projecting from the head. 

AN-TIO-NUM BER, 71. A number that precedes another. 

AN-'J"F3-Ni;P'TIAL, a. Being before marriage. 

AN-TE-PASeil'AL, a. Pertaining to the time before Eas- 
ter. .^'eUon. 

ANTE-PAST, 77. [Ij. aTiicand pi7»-tum.] A foretaste ; some- 
thing taken before the proper time. 

AN-TE-l'E-NUI/1' , 71. ^L. U7ite, ;7C7ic, and ullimus.] The 
last syllable of a word except two. 

AN-TE-PE-NULT'1-MATE, a. Pertaining to the last syl- 
lable but two. 

AN-TE-PI-LEP'Tie,a. [Gr. ai/rt and eTriXT/TrnKof.J Resist- 
ing or curing epilepsy. 

AN-TE-PI-LEP'TIC, n. A remedy for the epilepsy. 

AN'TE-PONE, 17. t. [L. antepono.] To set one thing before 

AN-TE-PO-SI'TION, tj. In grammar, the placing of a 
word before another. 

AN-TE-PKE-DI€'A-MENT, n. A preliminary question in 
logic ; a question which is to be tirst known. 

AN-'J'E RI-OK, a. [L.j I. Before in time or place ; prior ; 
antecedent ; preceding in time. 2. Before or in front in 

AN-'I'E-RI-OR'I-TY, 71. The state of being anterior, pre- 
ceding, or in front. 

AN'TIMtOOiM, n. A room before, or in front of another. 

ANTi;.*, 71. pin. Jl,.] Pillars of large dimensions that sup- 
port the front of a building. 

AN'ri;-.-;TA'l' lIKi;, 71. \\\ fnnitiration, a small intrcnch- 
ment, or work formed of palisades. 

f A.\-TE-vST().M At'll, 71. A cavity which leads into the 
stomach, as the crop in birds. Raij. 

\ AN 'ri;-TEM-PLE, 7i. What we now call the nave in a 

t 7\N-TE-VER'n, V. I. [L. antcvtrto.] To prevent. 

A.N-TK-VIR-O.IL'I-AN, a. A term given to Tull's new 
husbandry, or method of horse-hoeing. 

AN-TH|;L-MINT1€, u. [Gr. uin and tX/inj.] Good 
against worms. 

AN-TIIEL-MINTie, n. A remedy for worms. 

AN'THEM. 71. [Gr. uvri and u/iva;.] A hymn sung in alter- 



nate parts ; but, in vwdcrn usage, a Bacred tune, or piece 

of music set to words. 
AN TilK.M-WlSE, adc. In the manner of an anthem . al- 
ternately. Bacon. 
.\NT11E-All£5, II. Camomile. Tale. 
AN'THER, 71. [\,. aniliira.] In ^r<jny, thi. liummit or top 

of the stamen, connected with tlie llower. 
AN'THE-R.VL, a. Pertaining to anthers. 
AN-THE-RIF ER-OUS, a. [anther, and h.fero.] Producing 

anthers. Barton. 
.fVN-THE.S-TE Rl-ON, n. The sixth month of the AtheniaR 

AN-THO-LOG'I-CAL, a. Pertaining to anthology. 
AN-THOLO-GV, 71. [(Jr. ovyojandAoyoj.] 1. .Vdiscourwj 

on llowers. 2. A collection of beautiful |>assageii from 

authors -, a collection of poems or epigrams. 
AN THO-NV'S FIRE. A popular name of the fri(«i;if/o* 
AN-TIIOPII YL-LITE, 71. [Gr. avOoi and <pv\\uv.] A min 

A.\'THO-RI?!\I, 71. [Gr. aV7i and opifffiof.] In rhetoric, % 

de.scription, or definition, contrary to that which a given 

by the adverse party. 
AN 'rilKA-<ITE, 71. [(;r. aiOjiufj Slaty glance-coal, or 

columnar glance-coal ; that sjiecies of coal which has a 

shining lustre, approaching to metallic, and which burn* 

without smoke, and with intense 
AN''l'llRA-€0-LITE. See Anthracite. 
AN 'I'HRAX, II. A carbuncle ; a malignant ulcer, with iji- 

tense burning. 
AN-THROI'O-GI.OT, n. [Gr. avflptoTrof and yXoirro. ] An 

animal which has a tongue resembling that of inaii, of 

which kind are parrots. 
AN-THRO-PUG'RA-PHV, n. [Gr. avOpumus and ypu^;;.] A 

description of man, or the human race, or of the parts ol 

tlie human body. 
A\-THRolM)-LITE, 71. [Gr. ai'Opu^os and XiOof.] A petn 

faction of the human body, or skeleton. 
AN-THROP-U-LOG 1-eAL, «. Pertaining to anthropology 

according to human manner of speaking. 
A.\-TII l{( )-PUL'0-GlST, 71. ( ine who describes, or is versed 

in the physical history of the human body. 
AN-THRO-'PDIVO-GY, Ti. [Gr. aiGpajTrof and Xoyof.J I. A 

discourse upon human nature. J. 'I'he doctrine of the 

structure of the human body ; the imtunil history or physi- 
ology of the human species. 3. The word denotes tba( 

maimer of expression by which the inspired writers at- 
tribute human parts and pa.«sions to (!od. 
AN-Till{()-P(lM AN-CV, ii. [Gr. aiOpuiro? and /lavTfia.J 

Divination by inspecting the entrails of a human being. 
AN-TIIRO-PO-MORPH IS.M, 71. The heresy of the anthro- 

AN-THRO-PO-MOHPII'ITE, 71. [Gr. avOfi^moi and //op^i;.] 

One who believes a human form in the Supreme Being 

A sect of aiiciiiit lii-ntics are called mitlir^pinnurphiles. 
AN-THR()-Po-.M{)i;i'll'(irs,<i. l!el(.Mging to that which has 

the form of man ; having the lignreolrtsemblance to a man 
AN-TIIRO-POP .\-THY, 71. [Gr. alO^H.n:oi and "l^aQoi.] The 

affections of man, or the application of human passions to 

the Supreme Being. 
AN-THRO I'OPll A-GI, 71. ;i/i(. [Gr. ivOpuro; and ^ayu.] 

iMan-eatiTs ; r.'iiinibals ; men that eat human llesh. 
AN-THUn-Pol'll .V-(;orS, a. Feeding on human llesh 
AN-Tllltiil'niMl A-GY, «. The eating of human llesh, 01 

the practice of ([itiiig it. 
AN-THRO-l'oSro-l'Y, 71. [Gr. avOpuTOi and oKorca.] 

The art of disiovering or judging of a man's character, 

pa.ssions,and inclinations, from the lincameiitsof his body. 
AN-THK()-PliS'(i-PHY, 71. [Gr. aiOpionoi and oo<pia.] 

Knowledge of the nature of man ; acquaintance wit* 

man's structure and functions. 
AN-'J'HYP-NOT le, a. [corrupt orthographij.] See Airre- 


A.\-TI1Y I'O-CIlONrVRI-AC. Sfc ANTmrpocHo.NoniAC 
A.N-'J'IIY-H()|'H'0-RA. See .\NTiHTi-orHon*. 
AN-TIlYS-TER'ie. See Ar»TiHT»TKBic. 
A.N'TI. [Gr. See Ante. J A prejiusition, signifying 

against, tipjwgUc, contrary, or in place of ; used in many 

English words. 
AN-TI-.\C'in, a. Opposing or removing acidity. Often 

written antacid. 
A.N'-Tl-AC'in, n. An nlkali ; a medicine proper to correct 

sourness, or acidity ; an absorbent, or on obtundent, or nii 

A.\-TI A-.MER'I-eAN, 0. f)pp<i«pd U» America, or l;> the 

United States -, opposed to the revolution in Americii. 

AN-TI-A-Pi)STI,E, n. [Gt. am, KaAaposlle.] An adversa- 
ry to the u|)ost|p8. 
AN-TI-AR-MIN l-A\, n. He wbo opposes Uie .AmiiniaiUi 

or Arminiaiiism. Hp. Barloir. 
AN-TIAR TIIRIT l€, a. Good against the gout. 
AN-T[-AR-THRIT'ie, n. A remedy for the gouU 

• See Synapsis. MOVE, BQQK, D6VE ;— B};LL, UNITE €■• K ; as J ; S as Z ; CH mBH ; TH asin this, t Obsolete 



AN Tl ASTII MAT'ir, n. CihmI ngnlnrt nrthnm. 
AN ri \.s(.ll MAI'M ,/.. A ririiccly I'lir till! niithma. 
AN 11 IIACnil IS, M. (<;r. oiri iiiiil/i<iK;y;i(ot.) \ii purtry, 
n I'lHit III' lliroi Hylliililuii, lliu lint twu liiiif;, nritl Ilia lout 
Nliurl, UN &iiililr4. 
AN 'I'l IIA .•<ll. I ('AN, 1. [(U.iivri and fluaiXiKn-] ••p|><)» 

eil III riiyal NtnIc mid iiiitKnincitiirf. 
AN Til, (1. \1't. unliijur.] 11(1(1 j l;iriririil. 
AN I'H', II. 1. A biilltHiii, or iiierry Aiidrrw ; ono thai pmc- 
tircM (idd Ri-HliculatloiiH. '2. l)dd n|i|H'urniic(! ; faiiciriil 
rtmircs. — '.i. Ill arrhilfcturf, fculpturr, and /iiiin(iii;r, micli 
|ii)'ci's as were iiiadu liy tliu aiiriciitM ; iiKUully writtvii 
ANTIf, P. t. To mnkp antic. Shak. 
A\-'ll-CA-eilK€Tlf, <i. ICr.uiTi and «a;^t<eTi;(.] Curing, 

iir tt'iidlng III run*, an ill lialiit of llio conHiltiition. 
AN '11 (JA <:lli;crU", n. A mi-dicino that tcnda to cor 

ruct an ill lialiit oflHidj 
AN-'ri-CA-TAH KllAI.,0. [Ur. avn and (turappooj.] Good 

aiiaingt calarrli. 
AN-Tl-CATAK RIIAL, n. A remedy for catarrh. 
.'VNTI-CAU-SOT IC, a. [(;r. avri and xavaoi.] Good 

ogninst n burning fever. 
AN-'l'l-t;.\IJ-W)'rit', »i. A remedy for n burnini; fever. 
AN TI-CllAM-UEll, n. Ur. Johnson prefers ante-chamber, 

which Hee. 
AN 'ri-flliaST, n. [Or. avn.and CArwt.] A great adver- 

Bary of t'lirlMt : the man of sin. 
AN-'i"l-t'llKI.^ 'l'IAN,n. rertalniiic to Anti-cbrist ; opposite 

to, or oppiiHiiic the Chriotian rrliifion. 
AN-'l'l-ClllilSllA.\, n. A I'ulU.wer of .\nti-christ ; one op- 
posed til the Clinstian relipion. 
AiJ-TI-t'llKI?' 'I'l AN-l!*Al, H. Opposition or contrariety to 

the Christian religion. 
ANTI-CIIIUS-TIAN 1-TY, n. Opposition or contrariety to 

AN-TICII KOM?M, n. [Or. ovti and ;^;poi'Oj.] Deviation 

from tlie true order of time. 
AN-'l'lC I-PATF,, r. «. [L,. anticipo.] I. To take, or act, 
before another, so as to prevent liim ; to take first pos- 
session. '2. To take before the proper time. H. To fore- 
taste or foresee ; to have a previous view or impression of 
something future. 
ANTIC l-l'A-TKD, pp. Taken before; foretasted; fore- 
seen ; precluded ; prevented. 
tAN-TIC'I-P.VI'E-r.Y, adc. liv anticipation. 
AN-TiC'I-PA-TlXG, ppr. Taking before ; foretasting ; 

precluding ; preventing. 
Aij-TIC-l-l'A'T10.\, ». 1. The act of taking up, placing, or 
considering something before the proper time, in natural 
order ; prevention. 'J. Forct.i.^te ; previous view or im- 
pression of what is to luLppeii afterward. 3. Previous 
notion ; preconceived opinion, produced in tlic mind, be- 
fore the truth is known ; sliglil previous impression. 4. 
The attack of a fever before the usual time. 
AN-TIC I-PA-TOK, n. One who anticipates. 
AN-TIC'I-PA-T()-R\ , a. Taking before the time. 
AN-TI-€LI MAX. ;i. [Gr. ai-Ti and xAifiaf] A sentence 
in which the id ^as (all or become less importimt and 
striking at the c' jse ; opposed to climar. 
AN'TI€"-LV, adv In an antic manner ; with odd postures 

and gesticulntiins ; with fanciful appearance. 
AN'Tie-MAl^K, or .VN'TI-MAt-K, u. A mask of antics. 
AN-Tl-eON-STI-TuTI()\-AI., a. Opposed to or against 

the constitution. Hohm'broke. 
AN-TI-eON-8TI-T0 ']'10N-AL-IST, n. One opposed to 

the constitution. 
AN-T1-C0.\-Ta GION-IST, n. One who opposes the doc- 
trine of contagion. 
AN-TI-eoN-TA GlOUS, a. Opposing or destroying conta- 
AN-Tr-€ON-VUL'SIVE, a. Good against convulsions. 
AN TI-€OR, V. Among farriers, an intlanimation in a 

horse's throat. 
AN-TI-€0$-MET'ie, a. Destructive or injurious to beautv. 
AN-TI-COS-MET'ie, n. Any preparation which injures 

t AN Tl-Cc'iURT, a. In opposition to the court. 
AN-Tl-CoURT lER, n. One who opi)oses the court, or the 

measures of administration. 
A.N'-Tl-CRE-.\ Tor, h. One that opposes the creator. 
AN-Tl-UEM-0-eR.\Tie, ) o. Opposing democracy. 

A\-Tl-DE.M-0-€R.VT'l-€AL, i .MUrlrd. 
AN TI-IXi-TAL, a. That has the qualilv of preventing tlie 

111 effecis of poison, or of any thing noxious. 
AN-ri-Do 'r.\-ilY, a. Serving for a counter poison. 
A.N T1-1X1TE, n. [Gr. ain^oro?.] 1. A medicine to coun- 
teract the effects of pois<m, or of anv thing no.xious taken 
into the stomach. 2. Whatever tends to prevent mis- 
chievous effects, or to counteract the evil which some- 
tliing else might prniiuce. 
AN-Tl nriTI-CAl., n. t^r\ine as an antidote. 
AN-Tl-DOTI-CAlv-LY, 0(/r. Uy way of antidote. 


AN TII»YH KN-TER IC, a. Good afalnut tiie dyentery,<A 

Mi.idy llux. 
AN '11 DYS EN 'J'KR'lf, n. A remedy for dyreii'/ry. 
AN Tl E .MET !<;, a (Gr. ai-Ti and ipiTiKO(.\ llavlnj Um 

i|iiiilily of allnyliig vonntinK. 
A.N-TI E-MET IC, h. A remedy Ui check vomiting. 
AN-'l'l EN-NE A-IIP. HRAI,,a. fGr. oKTMVUa, and tipa.] 
Ill crijHlatunraphy, having nine rocca on two opiKmite parU 
of Ihe cryitnl. 
A N Tl EN'J'. See A nc i b."«t. 

AN Tl EN-TIIL'-«l-AS'riC, a. Opposing enthunlaiim. 
A.N'I'IE.NT RY, n. jmorc correctly, ancientry.] Ca»t o. 

nntli|iii(y : that which in ancient. 
A.N-TI IvPISCOI'AE, a. Advente to epiMCopacy. 
A.N-TI EVAN GEE I GAE, a. Cuiitrary to ortliudoxy, or 

the genuine <eniie of tlie giinpel. 
AN Tl-KAt.'E, II. OpixiHlte face, .lannon. 
AN-'I'I-FA-.\.\T K", n. An opposer of fanaticism. 
•, AN TI-EkHR I EE, a. That ban the quality of abating fever. 
•A.N-TI rP- IIRII-E, n. .A medicine that cures, abates, or 

tends to allay fever. 
.\.N-T1-EI.AT 'I'ER-l.Nt;, u. f)pp<i«ite to flattering. iJtlan^. 
AN-Tl-GUG EER, n. A crooked lube of metal. 
AN-'J'I IIEG 'lie, a. (Gr. avn and ixrinof.] That liaj the 

ipiality of opiKising or curing hectical diiMirderi). 
AN-TI-II1X"I'IC, H. A medicine that is good in the cure 

of hectic di.iorderH. 
AN-TI-IIYP-NO'l' le, a. [Gr. a»ri and i/t»o{.] Counteract- 
ing sleep ; tending to prevent sleep or lilliargy. 
AN-TI-IIYP-NOT i€, n. A medicine that prevents or tend! 

to prevent sleep. Cuze. 
AN-TI-HYP-O GHOND Ri-AC, a. [Gr. avri and vitox«*- 
^piaico?.] That counteracts, or tends to cure, hypocbondi^ 
ac affections. 
AN-TI-HYPt)eHONDRI-Ae, n. A remedy for hypo- 
chondriac affections and low spirits. 
AN-ri-IIY-POPHO-R.A, n. [Gr. avri and wro^opa.] I» 
rheU-ric, a figure, which consists in refuting an ubjeclion 
liy the opposition of a contrary sentence. 
AN-TI IlYS-TEUie, a. [Gr. an-i and uartpa.] Counter- 
acting hysterics. 
.AN-TI-ilY :>-'rER le, n. A medicine tliat cures or counter- 
acts hysterical affections. 
AN-Tl-EOG'A-Rl'iH.M, n. The complement of the loga- 
rithm of any sine, tangent, or secant, to 'JO degrees. 
AN-TIL O-GY, n. [Gr. avri and Aoyoj.] .\ contradiction 

between any words or passages in an author, 
t AN-TIL 0-uri><T, n. A contradictor. Vict. 
t -A.N'-TlE'O-ai'Y, 11. An old word, denoting preface, 

proem, or peroration, 
t AN-'i'I-iMA-GlSTRl-€AL, a. Opposed to the offce oj 

magistrates South. 
.AN-TI-iMA'Nl-AG, ) a. Counteracting or curing mad 
AN-Tr-.MA-NI .A-CAL, i ness or frenzy. 
ANTI-M.\SK, n. -A lesser mask. Bacon. 
AN-T[-.ME-T.ABO-LE, (an-te-nie-tabo-ly) n. [Gr. am 
and peralSoXn-] 'n rhetoric, a setting of two things in op- 
position to each other. 
AN-Tl-ME-T.ATH E-SIS, n. [Gr. avri and pcTaeccn.] 
In rhctitric, an inversion of the parts or members of an 
AN-TI.M E-TER, 71. [Gr. avn and /itrpoi.] .An optical in- 
strument for measuring angles. 
AN-TI-MET Rie.AL, a. Contrary to the rules of metre or 

AN-TI-MIN-IS-TeRI-AL, a. Opposed to the ministry, or 

administration of government. 
AN-TI-MIN-lS-T£'RI-AL-Ic«T, n. One that opposes the 

AN-TI-MO-N.\R€H I-GAL, a. Opposed to monarchy ; that 

opposes a kinglv government. 
AN-TI .'MO-NX RCH I e.\L-NEi?S, n. Tlie quality of being 

opposed to monarchy. 
AN-TI-.MON'.-\R-CHlf=T, n. An enemy to .nonarcliy. 
AN-Tl-M6'NI-AL, a. Pert.iining to antimony ; relating to 

antimony, or partaking of its qualities. 
AN-TI-Mo NI-.AL, ». .A preparation of antimony ; a meJi 

cine in which antimony is a principal ingredient. 
AN-Tl-.Mfi .MATE, n. \ compound or salt composed ol 

antimonic aiid and a base. 
AN-TI-Mo'.Nl-A-'l'En, a. Partaking of antimony ; mixed 

or prepared with antimony. 
AN-TI-.MO.N'IC, a. Pertaining to antimony. 
AN-TI-Mo .\I-Ol'S, a. Pertaining to antimony. 
AN'TI-MO-NITE, n. A compound of antinioniousacidai-d 

a base. 
AN'TI-MO-NY, n. [Fr. anrimoiiic.] Primarihj. a metallir 
ore, consisting of sulphur combined with a metal. The 
sulphuret of antimony, the stilnuvi of the Romans, is a 
blackish mineral, which stains the hands, hard, brittle, 
full of long, shining, needle-like struc, and used in med 
icine and the arts. 

» &« Sfnofsis. A, fi, T, 0, C, Y, 1ong.—r\Vi, FALL, WHAT ;— PREY ;- ''IN, MARINE, IttRD ;— 

• Obsolete 




AN-Tl-MOn'AL-IST, v. An opposer of morality. 

AK-'I'l-MO'SI-t/'AL, (i. Opposed lo uiusic ; liaviiig no ear 
for rii'isic. Amrr. Hcciew. 

AN-'I'l-.N'K-PlIRlT'lt;, a. Counteracting diseases of the 

AN-TI-NE-PJIRIT \C, n. A medicine that tends to remove 
diseases of the kidneys. 

AN-TI-No M[-AN, «. [Or. avn, and vo/toj.] Against law ; 
pertjtiiiing to the Antinomians. 

AN-'l'l-Nf) MI-AN, n. One of ii sect wlio maintain, tliat, 
uiuler the gospel dispensation, tlie law is of no use or ob- 
lijl.illnn ; or wlio hold doctrines which supersede the ne- 
cessity of Kood works and a virtuous lift*. 

AN '11 Nd'.Mt-AN-ISM, ;i. The tenets of Antinomians. 

• AN 'I'l-XO-.Ml.ST, «. One who pays no regard to tlie law, 
iir to pood works. 

* AN''J'l-NO-MY, II. A contradiction between two laws, or 
between two parts of the same law. 

AN-'ri-OeHI-AN, a. Pertaining to Antiochus, the founder 
of a sect of philosophers. 

AN-TI-f'A'PAL, a. Opposing popery. 

AN-Tl-PA-PIS'Tie, ( a. ( ipposed to popery or papacy. 

AN-TI-PA-PISTI-CAL, ( Jorlin. 

AN-TI-PAU'AL-LEL, a. Running in a contrary direction. 

AN-TI-P.\R-A-I<YT'1€', a. Good against the palsv. 

A.N'-'I'I-PAR-A-LYT'IC, n. A remedy for the palsy. 

AN-TI PA-TUKT'lC, \n. Having a natural contrarie- 

AN '11 PA-THET f €AI., \ ty, or constituti(uial aversion 
to a thing. 

AN-TI-PA-THET'I-eAL-NKS!«, n. The qnality or state of 
having an aversion or contrariety to a thing. 

AN'i'lP A-THOUS, o. Adverse. BeaumuiU. 

AN-TIP'A-THY, «. [Or. am and TraOo;. | 1. Natural aver- 
sion ; instinctive contrariety or opposition in feeling ; an 
aversion felt at the presence, real or ideal, of a particular 
object. — 2. In eUiics, antipathy is hatred, aversion or 
rejiugnancy ; hatred to persons ; avcnsioii to persons or 
things ; rrpugntincii to actions. — 3. In plnjsics, a contra- 
riety in the properties or affections of matter, as of oil and 

AN-TI PATRI-OT'ie, a. Not patriotic ; opposing the in- 
terests of one's country. 

AN-Tl-PE-DO-IiAP'riST, v. [Gr. avn, Trnti, Tni^of, and 
0aTTTi^ti>.] One who is opposed to the baptism of infants. 

AX-'i'l PER-IS-TAL'Tie, u. Opposed to peristaltic , retro- 

AN-TI I'E-RIS'TASIS, w. [Or. avn and irtpiffrnffi?.] The 
op|Hisition of a contrary quality, by which the quality op- 
piisrd ;ii(iuires strength. 

A.\ Ti 1T;R-IS-TAT'U', a. Pertaining to antiperistasia. 

AN-TIPES-Tl-LEN'TIAL, a. Counteracting contagion or 

AN-Tl-PIII.O-6IS'TIAN, «. An opposer of the theory of 

AN-Tr-PllLO-(5IS'T[€, n. Counteracting heat or inflamma- 
tion ; tending to reduce arterial action ; opposed to the 
doctrine of phlogiston. 

AN-TI-PHEO-OIS'TIf/, 71. Any medicine or diet which 
tends to reduce inflammation, or the activity of the 
vital power. 

AN'TI-PHON, 71. The chant or alternate singing in choirs 
of cathedrals. 

CAIi, a. Pertaining to antiphony or alternate singing. 

.\N-TII*II'0-NA-RY, 71. [Or. uin and (pwvri.] A service 
book in the Catholic church. 

AN-TIPII'O-NER, 71. A book of anthems or antiphons. 

AN TII'MO-.NY, 71. [Or. am and ^wir?.] 1. Tlie answer 
of oiw choir to another, when an anflK-m or psalm is sung 
by two choirs ; alternate singing. •„'. A species of psalmo- 
dy, when a concregation is divided into two parts, and 
each sings the verses alternately. '3. 'I'he words given out 
at the beginning of a psalm, to which both the choirs are 
to acconiiJiodate their singins. ■!. A musical composition 
of severa' verses, extracted from dilferent psalms. 

AN-TI Pll KA SIS, (.. [<;r. nin and <{,pnaii.] The use of 
words f[i a sense opposite to their pro|K'r meaning. 

.^N-TI-PIIRAS TIC, / «. Pertaining to antiphrnsis. 


AN TI-PIIRAS TI-CAE-LY, adr. In the manner of an an- 

AN 'I'lPonAI,, a. Pertaining to the antipodes ; having the 

feet directly opposite. 
♦ .\NTI I'ODE, pill. Antipodes, n. [Gr. avn, and irouj, 
rui^oj.] One who lives on the opposite side nf the ((lobe, 
and. of course, whose U;vt are directly opposite to our*. 
AN-TI-P(.)I'S0N, (an-le-pny'/,n) ;i. An antidote for poi- 
A.N TI-POPK, 77. One who usurps the papal power, in oppo- 
sition to the pope. 
AN'TI-1'ORT, II. An outward gate or door. 

AN Tt-PRE-LAT F-CaL, a. Adverse to preJc :y 
A.N 'I'I-PKIkST, II. .\n (ip|Hjs*T or enemy of prieila. 
AN-TI-PKIiyST CRAFT, n. .,pp,«itu,n lo priestrratt 
AN-Tl-I'KIN (;i-PLE, 71. An oppt«iie principle. 
A-N'-TI-PROPHET, 71. An enemy or oppuser of proph 

* AN-TIPTO-PIS, 71. [Gr. avn and trruatf.] In grammar, 

the putting of one case for another. 
AN-TI-POKl-TAN^ 71. An opp(k-:er of Puritans. 
A.N-TI-tlU.\ R1-.\N, a. Pertaining lo antiquaries, or to 

antiquity. .\s a noun, this is u>ed fur niitiauunj. 
AN-Tl-tiUA RI-AN-ii<.>I, ». I^.ve of antiquities. 
A.V TI-CiUA-RY, 71. [L. aiiUijuariu.s.] One whosludlen into 

the history of ancient things, as statutes, coins, medal*, 

paintings, inscriptions, books and manuscripts, or •^earcll- 

es for them, and explains their origin and pur|N>rl , one 

versed in antiquity. 
AN 'I'l UHA'J'E, V. t. [L. antiijuo ] To make old, or obBO- 

lete ; to make old in such a deg ee as to pui nui of use. 

Hence, when applied to laws .rr cusluma, it amouiita to 

make void, or alrrogate. 
.\.\ 'ri-CiU,\-TED, mi. Grown old ; obsolete ; out of use; 

having lost its binding force by non-<>l>8ervance. 
AiNTI-UUA-TED-NESS, n. 'Ihe slate of being old, or ob 

AN 'll-aUATE-NEPS, 71. The state of boing obsoh te. 

AN-TI-tiUA 'J'KJ.V, 71. The stale of being antiquated. 

.\.N-'I'lCiUE',(an-leek'1a.[Fr.] I. Old; anr'^nt ; of genuine 
anti<|uity. 2. Old, as it respects the |<iesent age, or a 
modern |>eriod cf 'inie ; of old fashion. 3. Odd ; wild ; 
fanciful ; more generally written U7i(ic 

AN-TtQuE', (an-teek) 71. In gnierul, any thing very old ; 
but, in u more limited senise,t)ie remains of ancient artists, 
as busts, statuc-s, paintings a .d vases, Ihe works of Gre 
cian and Roman antiquity. 

AN-T(til'i; NESS, (an-teeknes) 71. The quality of being an- 
cient ; an appearance of ancient origin and workinaiH 

AN-TKi'UI-TY, 77. [L. antit/uitas.] I. Ancient times ; for- 
mer ages ; times long since past. 2. The ancients : the 
people of ancient limes ; as, the fact is admitted by all art- 
tiijuily. 3. Aiicientness ; great age ; the quality of being 
ancient. 4. Old age. Shak. 5. 'i'he remains of ancient 
times. Ill llii.t neiixe it is vsuiillii or aliraijs plural. 

AN-TI-UEV-O-LCTJON-A-RY, 17. Op|H«ed lo a rev ilo- 
tion ; opposed to an entire change in the form of govern- 
ment, hurke. 

.\NTI-REV-O-L0TION-IST, 71. One who is opi^wsed lo a 
revolution in government. 

AN-TI-SAHHA-T.A RI-AN, 71. One of a sect who oppose 
the observance of the Christian Sabbath. 

.\N-T1-Sa Itl-AN, (7. Opposed or contrary to Sabianisin, or 
the worship of Ihe C'-leslial orbs. 

AN-TI SA-'.'ER-DoTiVL, «. Adverse to priests. 

AN-TIS'CIA.N, / 77. [L. aiitiscii.] In geotrraphii, Ihe inhab 

.-VNTIS't^lAN.x, ( Hants of ihe earth, living "on different 
sides of the eipiator, whose shadows at noon are ijsl in 
contrarv directions. 

AN-'l'l S((ii; I'.l I IC, or AN-TI-.SeOR-B0'TI-€AL, • 
CounterartiMg llie scurvy. 

A.\-TI-SC<)H lir 'i'lC, 71. ,\ remedy for the scurvy. 

.\N 'i'l-SCRlPTU-RISM, n. Opposition to the Holy Scrip- 
tures. Hoi/lr. 

AN-TU^ClilP'TU-RlST, 71. One that denies revelation 

t A.N 'I'l-SCRIPT, 71. Opposition in writing to some other 

AN 'I'l SEPTIC, a. [Gr. airt and ffT/TTTOf.] OppiRsing or 
counteracting putrefaction. 

AN-TI -SI",P TIC, 71. A medicine which resists or correct* 

AN Tl Sn CI ATi, a. .\verse to society ; that lend.i to inter- 
rupt or destroy social intercourse. 

AN 'I'lS I'A SIS, n. [Or. '7in and infau.] A revulsion of 
lluids from one part of the body lo a. .other. 

A.N-TI-.«PAS-MOI> IC, a. [Or. 'nn and erraapoi.] Oppos- 
ing spasm ; resisting convulsions ; as anodynes. 

A.N-TI-SP.\S-MOI) IC, 71. .V remedy lor spasm or ccmvul- 

.\N-'P1-SP.\S TIC, a. Causing a revulsion of fluids or hu- 
mors, .lohll.inll. 

.■\.N-TI-SPEEN'-F-TIC, a.Good as a remedy In diseases of 
the spleen, .lohiinoii. 

A.\-TIST.\-SIS, 71. [Or. a»Ti and oriiffif.] In oralor>i, the 
defense of an action from the considerntn'O that, if il had 
lieeii omitted, sonielbiiic Wnrse would have happineil. 

AN-TIS'TES, 71. [I..] The chief priest or prelate. 

AN TISTK" '"III",, ) 71. [Or. nii-i and orpoi/iT;.] I. In^rram- 

AN 'I'lS ri!i ' I'ln , \ mar, llie changing of things mutual- 
ly depending on each other ; reci^irocal conversion. 
2. Among the aiieiriil.-., that part of a sonc or dance, befoie 
the altar, which wiw performed by turning from west to 
east, in op|)osition to the .^^rl>phc. 

* See Sunovsis. MOVE, BOOK, DOTE •,— BULL. UNITE.— C m K ; G m J ; S aa Z ; CH an SH ; TH ns in tku. f ObtoUtt 



A I'll 

AN-1'I.S'I'I('> riloN, n. A tlgum ri'iMiiU n ivonJ 

n.\rll. .1/1/(11/1. 

A.N ll.^'I'Kt: MAT'IC. a {L. ami anJ ttruma.] (JihmI 
n^iiiiiKl iu'rii|iliuli>iiii (llMirdem. 

A.\ 'I'l'Ill 1; ."^IS, H. [(ir. avTiOtoif.] I. lnrA<:(rric.aiiii|i|><>- 
Hiliiiii 41I' wociIh iir M'litliiii'iiU : ciiiiltiuit ; iu>, " 'I'lic prixl 
IriiI ii>/'.« /im /irir, tliu llllMir mil 11 /li 1/1.1 <■//." ■.'. ()|)|Mi«illkill 

i.ri>|iiiiii>ii« ) riiiiiroTcniy. 
AN 11 TIIKTU; I a. IVrtaliiIng In nnlitlirsiN ; con 

AS Tl 'J'IIK'1''1-CAI.., { mining or ab</uni]ing witli nnlrlli 

A.N I ITIl'E-TON, n. [Or. avriOiruv.] An opiHwiUi. 

A.N 11 'i'lll.N r T.^ Ul A.\, /I. One will. (I.iii.). ilKilrinily, 
or ilii' i-xJMtcnrv iif tlirc«r iirnuxiH In tlic (ludlicail. 

A.N Jl IKLN-l-TA Kl A.N, ,1. n|.|.,s.iiig tlir iriiiily. 

A.N i'l-TUlN-I-TA'Ul-A.N I*il, «. A dtiiial u( tlie trin- 

AiN 'l'l-TYPK,n. [Gr. avr.TVKov.] A fipiiri- Cfim'ftiM/.ndinR to 
aiiotlirr tigiirr ; Itiut ut tvliicU lliu lyiH; h llie |Mtltrrii ur 
K'l/runuiilution. 'I'liiis li.e poKrlml luuib, in ^'crijilun;, i.s 
tli<^ lyiM', ol" wincll I lirist in llif (lulilijiir. 

A.N-'i'l-'r\ I' l-CVU, u. iVrtuiniiig lo an iiiilily|ie ; explain- 
ing llio tyiiv. .luhiuuH. 

AJS I'J VA'itl U UjUj^, a. Oi/posing llio aniall pox. Jlcd. 

A.N- TI-VK-.Nk KK-AL, a. Ki-si.^tlii): vi-niT/'al poison. 

ANT I.KK, H. A dljirl »/r liraticli ol' a lii>rn, (•.sptcially of the 
Iiornii of till) corvine animals, as i/t'tlii? .stag or niooue. 

AN'l' LEIiKU, a. J''urniHlio(J witli uiitU'ni. 

AN-Ta::'('I, n. [Cr. avri andoiKcu.] 'I'liose inliuhitantsof the 
earth, who live under thitsaiMe [Meridian, and at the same 
distance tVuiii the eipKUor ; the one toward tiie north, and 
the other low.ird the south. 

AI*J-TO iNl-.\N, a. Noting certain medicinal waters in Ger- 
many, at or near Tunstein. 

AN-'I'M-No-MA ."TA, / ;i. [(;r. avri and opofia.'^ The use 

A.\-'rt,)-i\(>.M A-t<Y, j of the name of some ollice, dig 
nity, profe.ision, science or trade, in.stcad of the true 
name of the (lerson ; as when liis maje.ity is used for a 

ANT-O-til-AN DRI-AN, n. One of a Bt>ct of rigid Luther- 
ans, so detiuininated frotn their opposing the doctrines of 

f A.N THE, n. [li. antrum.] A cavern. Sliali. 

AJ^1'\IL, //. [Sax. aiijilt, wii/ilt.] .Vn iron block with a 
Eraoutii face, on which smiths Iiamnier and shape their 
Work. FifruniUrelii, any thing on which blows are laid. 
Sfiutt. To be on the antil, is to be in a state of discussion, 
formation or preparation. 

\N.\-I'E-TII1)E, n. Anxiety ; solicitude. [Little used.] 

ANX-I'E-TV, (ang-zle-ty) »i. [L. nnrieta.-'.] 1. Concern or 
solicitude respecting some event, future, or uncertain, 
which disturbs the miiul,and keeps it in a state of painful 
uneasiness. — '2. In medical lanrrua^e, uneasiness ; un- 
ceasing restlessness in sickness. 

ANX'IOUS, (ank'shus) a. 1. Greatly concerned or solicitous 
respecting soinethinsr future or unknown ; being in pain- 
ful suspense. 2. Full of solicitude ; unquiet. 3. Very 
careful : solicitous. 

ANX'IOUS-LY, udr. In an anxious manner ; solicitously ; 
carefully ; unquietly. 

ANX'10US-NE!^!^, (a'nk shus-nes) n. The quality of being 
anxious ; great solicitude. Juknsun. 

AN'Y, (en'ny) a. [^ax. rt/nV, ^nier ; D. ecni/r ; Ger. einiV.] 
1. One, indefinitely. 2. Home ; an indefinite number, plu- 
rally. 3. t'ome ; an indefinite quantity ; a small portion. 
4. It is often used .is a substitute, the person or thing be- 
ing '::iderstood. It is used in opposition to none 

tAN'V-\VIIlTH-ER, «(//'. Anywhere. Barrow. 

AN'V-\Vl!fE (en'ny-wize) is sometimes used adverbially, 
but the two words may be separated, and used with a 
preposition, in any irisc. 

A-d'.NI-.W, a. Pertaining to the muses, or to Aonia, in 

A O-UIST, II. fGr. aopioTOi.] The name of certain ten.<es in 
the grammar of the Greek language, which express time 

A-i»-Ul:^T'ie, a. Indefinite; pertaining to an aorist, or in- 
dftinilo tense. 

At)KI'A, n. [Gr. upri?.! The great artery, or trunk of the 
arlerial system, pri'':ecaing from the lefl ventricle of the 
heart, and giving origin to all the arteries, except the 
pulmonary arterie?. 

.■\-OKT'.\L, o. IVrtaining to the aorta, or great artery. 

A-OI'iTA, n. The paper-mulberry tree in Otaheite. 

A-P.^r J', adr. With a quick pace : quick ; fast : speedily : 
with haste ; ha.<tily. »- > 1 ' > t^ J > 

Al' .\ (;0-i;E, or AP'.\-G0-i5Y, n. [Gr. from ajrayu).] In 
/..fir, abduction ; a kind of argument, wherein the greater 
extreme is evidently contained in the medium, but the 
medium no; so evidently in the lesser e.xtreme as not to 
I jquirp furt.ler proof. F.nciie. 

AP-A-GUG I-CAL, a. An apagogical demonstration is an 

liiiliriTi .%.'i} >i piiH/i, by nliowing tlio abxiiriiity or im 
iiiiwiiliility of the uintrary. 

Ar .\ I.At ll'l A.N, a. riruilning to the ApaluclifH a tribe 
</f IniliiiiiN, in the wi^lvrn luirl of Georgia } uiid tt> tl>a 
miiitlii rii extremity of the Allegliaiieuii ridgei*. 

A I'.V.N'W into PV, «. [iic. atu and ufOfKKiroj.J Anuvcnion 
to III/: coiiipaiiy i,f men 3 u love of tulitude. 

Al' A Itn ll'.ME HI.S, „. [(;r.J In rhri„nr, enumer.ili .n. 

A P.\I<T', /////•. [Fr. aparti.] 1. .Sjparutely ; at a distance; 
in a Htale of M-paration, oji U> place. L>. In a utali- •.( dui- 
tlnrtl<iii, ii.'! to purjM/m;, une or character. 3. iJinliiii.tly , 
M-p:irately 1 .AHide ; In cxclu-iioii of. 

A I'.vK'l '.\fK.NT, n. [ Fr. a;<(jr-f >//«///.] A riMim in a building ; 
n divMiiiii in a house, wparited from otheni by purtitiuiw ; 
a place KiMiaruted by iiiclosure. 

AI'-.A-TIIEl' IC, a. Void of feeling ; free from poiuiion ; In- 
sensible. J/arria. 

,AI".\'rilV, n. [(Jr. a and naOo{.] Want of feeling; ac 
utter privation of paMiion, ur iiuenitibility to pain. 

.A I' .A-TITE, ;/. A variety of phoHphate of lime. 

APE, »/. [U. aap ; Dan. ahc ; fc'ai., ."i^w. and Jr. apa ; Ice 
ape.] 1. A genus of quadrupeds, found in the torrid 7.</n« 
of both continents, of a great variety i/f iipecieH. In eum- 
mu/i uje, the Word extendii to all the tribe of nionkeyii and 
baboons. 2. One who imitates servilely, in allu.siun t</tlie 
manners of the ape ; a silly fellow. 

,APE_j r. t. To imitate servilely ; to miniick. 

.A-Pk.AK , adr. I. Un the iM/int ; in a [MMture to pierce. — 3 
In .leanitn'.i language, perpendicular. 

AP'EN-.NI.NE, a. [L. Jiiitnuinun.] Pertaining to or deaig 
nating a chain of moant^iins, which extend through Italy 

AI''I'N' NINF^; i "■ A chain of mountaina in Italy. 

-A-l'EP'tJV, n. [Gr. o and vtimj).] Defective digestion ; indi- 
gestion. Coie. [Little used.\ 

J\'vVA\, N. One wiio apes. — In zoology, the wild Ixiar. 

.A-I'k'KI-E.NT, a. [L. upcncnj.] Ojienilig ; deobrtruent ; 

A Pic'UI E.NT, 71. A medicine which promotes the circula- 
tion of the fluids, by removing obstructions ; a laxative ; 
a deobstriient. 

A-PEK'I-TTVE, a. Opening; deobstnient ; aperient. 

t .A-PEKT', a. [L. apertas.] Open ; evident ; undisguised. 

A-PEIt'TluX, 71. 'I'he act of opening ; the slate of being 
opened ; an opening ; a gap. [Little used.] 

A-PEKT'LY, adc. Openly. Bale. [Little used.] 

A-PEKT NEt^t!, 71. Openness. [Rarely u^ied.] 

.A-PEKT OR, 71. A muscle that raises the upjier eye-lid. 

AP'ER-TlRE, 71. 1. The act of opening; an opening; a 
gap, cleft or cha.«m ; a passage perforated. 2. An opening 
of meaning ; explanation. [A'ut ujied.] Taylor. 

A-PET'A-LOl,"S, a. In botany, having no petals, or flower- 
leaves ; having no corol. 

,A-PET'A-LOL'S-NESS, 71. A state of being witbont petals. 

a'PEX, 71. ; plu. Apexes. [L. apez ; plu. apices.] The tip, 
point orsiunmit of any thing. 

Al'il'.A-NiTE, 11. In mineralogy, compact amphibole in s 
particular state. 

.\-PFlEL ION, 71. [Gr. otto and TjXiof.] That point of a plan- 
et's orbit which is most distant from the sun ; oppused to 

APH-E-Rii'SIS, 71. fGr. aro .and atpeia.] 1. The taking of a 
letter or syllable from the beginning ot a word. — 2. In the 
healing art, the removal of any tiling noxious. — In surge- 
ry, amputation. 

fA-PHF.T.A, 11. The name of a plant, which is the gi vet 
of life in a nativity. Diet. 

t A-PHET'I-e.AL, a. Relating to the apheta. 

APH-I-DIV'O-ROUS, a. Eating, devouring, or subsisting 
on the aphis, or plant-louse. 

APH-I-LAi\iTHRO-PY, ju [Gr. a and (pi^avOpurrta.] Wan: 
of love to mankind. — In medicine, the first stage of melan- 
choly, when solitude is preferred to society. 

a'PHIP, n. In zoology, the puceron, viue-fretter, or plant 
louse ; a genus of insects, belonging to the order of l.e- 

APH-LO-GIPTI€, a. [Gr. u and tp\oyierroi.] Flameless ; as. 
an aphlnisiftic lamp. 

API! 0-\Y, 71. [Gr. a and ipioyrj.] A loss of voice ; a palsy 
of tlie tongue ; dumbness ; c.italepsy. 

AP!l'0-l{l!^M, II. [Gr. a<^optt7po;.] .\ ina.xim ; a precept, or 
principle expressed in few words ; a detached senlenra 
coiilainins some important truth. 

APU'O-Ul.'i.M-ER, 11. A dealer in aphorisms. 

f .APIl O-l! I.-^T, II. A writer of aphorisms. .Vclson. 

APH O-RIS'Tir, I a. In the form of an aphorism; in 

APII-O R1S'TI-€.AL, \ the form of short, unconnected sen- 

.APII O-RISTI-CAL-LY, adr. In the form or manner of 

API! RITE, n. [Gr. aippoi.] A subvariety of carbonate of 

' &« Synoisis. A. E, I, 5, C, ?, Jon^- .—F.KR, FALL, \VH.\T ;— PKF.V ;— PIN, M.ARtNE, BIRD ;— f ObsoUte. 


AI'H Rl-ZITE, n. A variety of black tourmalin 

Al'll UOUIS'l-AC, or AFH-UU-UI-SI'A-eAL, a. (Gr. 
ur/j()ci^i(7ios.] Kxciting venereal desire; iiicreaaing the 
apjietlte for sexual connection. 

APII-UU-UIS'1-Ae, n. A provocative to venery. 

Arii ItaDITE, n. [Gr. A<j,ooiiTn.] A follower of Venus. 

API! KO-DITK, or ApU-K'J-DI'TA, 71. 1. in loo/o^y, a ge- 
nus of tlie order of mvlluscas, called also aea-mouae. 2. 
A name of Venus. 

APlP'l'ilONG, 71. [Gr. ano and (pdoyyoi.] A letter or com- 
bination of letters, which, in the customary pronuncia- 
tion of a word, have no sound. 

APIl'THOUS, a. [Gr. a<p9at.] Pertaining to thrush ; of the 
nature of thrush, or ulcerous atfectioi^ of the mouth. 

APll'V'L-LOUS, a. [Gr. a and (fivXXov, folium.] In botany, 
destitute of leaves. 

A'PI-A-RY, 71. [L. apiariurn.] The place where bees are 
kept ; a stand or shed for bees. 

A PI-.VS-TER, 71. The bird called a bee-eater, a species of 

A'PI-CES, A'PEX-rS. See Apex. 

A-PIkCE', adv. To each ; noting tlie share of each. 

A-Plli'CES, adv In pieces. Beaumont. 

A'PIS, 71. In mythology, an ox, worshiped in ancient 
Egypt, or a divinity or idol in the figure of an ox. 

X Pl.-^, 71. [L.] In zoology, the bee, a genus of insects. 

A PISlI, u. Having the qualities of an ape ; inclined to im- in a servile manner ; hence, foolish, foppish, atl'ect- 
eil, trilling. 

A PISH-LV, uJr. In an apish manner; with servile imi- 
t.'ii 1(111 ', f(jppishly. 

A PISIl-NE.SS, 7t. The quality of being apish ; mimicry ; 

A-PIT PAT, adv. With quick beating or palpitation ; a 
wonl formed from the sound, pit and pat or from licat. 

Ai'-LA-NAT'ItJ, a. [Gr. a and TrXavaw.] An aplanatic tel- 
esrope is one which entirely corrects the aberration of 
the rays of light. 

AP fiO ME, n. A mineral closely allied to garnet. 

AP-Ll'STER, ) n. [h.] An ensign, or ornament carried by 

API,L'8TKE, ( ancient ships. 

A-PU€ A-LYPSE, It. [Gr. airo».aXi)7rrM.] Revelation ; dis- 
covery ; disclosure. The name of a book of the New 

A-P( )€-A-LYP'Tie, ( a. Containing or pertaining to 

A-P(>C-A-LYPTI-€AL, j revelation ; disclosing. 

A-POC-A-LYP'TI-CAL-LY, arfi'. By revelation; in the 
manner of disclosure. 

A-Pf)€ O-PATE, V. t. To cut off, or drop, the last letter or 
syllable of a word. 

.\-POe O-PA-TED, pp. Shortened by the omission of the 
last letter or syllable 

A-POeO-PA-TlNG, ppr Cutting off or omitting the last 
letter or syllable. 

A-POCO-PE, I n. [Gr. arroKOirTj.] The cutting off, or omis- 

A-POe'0-PY, ( sionofthelast letter or syllable of a word. 

A-POC'RI-SA-RY, 71. [Gr. airoKpictti.] Mncicntly, a resident 
in an imperial city, in the name of a foreign church or 
bishop, answering to the modern nuncio. 

AP-0 CRUSTie, a. [Gr. arroKpovaTtxa.] Astringent ; re- 

AP-O CRUST'ie, 71 A medicine which constringes and 
repels the humors ; a repellent. 

A-POC'RY-PIIA, 71. [Gr. aTroKpinrTU, KpvrTw, to conceal.] 
Littrally, such tilings ;is are not published ; lint in an ap- 
priiprialc .<f7ij.T, books whose authors are not known, and 
whose authenticity, as inspired writines, is not ailniitted. 

APOC RY PIIAL, a. Pertaining to the apocrypha; not 
canonical • of uncertain authority or credit ; false ; ficti- 

A-V()Vy\l\ V\\\\.-\.\',adr. Uncertainly ; not indisputably. 

A-POe RN'-PII A l.-.MO.-^S, n. Uncertainty as to authentici- 
ty ; doulilfiiliKss of credit, or genuiiifiiess. 

AP<) DAL, u. Without fee". — In zoology, destitute of ven- 
tral fins. 

.'VPODR, n. I Gr. a and TTouf, TToiot.] An animal that has 
no feet. — In zoology, an order of fishes. 

M'(ini€'TI€, ) <7. ffJr. imui^ci^ti.] Demonstrative; 

AP O ni€TI-€AL, ) evidentbeyondcoiitradiction; clear- 
ly provinc [l.itlleit.ird.] 

AP n Die TI CAL-UY, adv. Po as to be evident beyond 

t AI'O DIX IS, 71. Demonstration. Sir O. Buck. 

A-POnO .*ilS, 71. [Gr.] The applicntion or latter part of a 
similitude. JSfrde. 

A-PiiD-Y-Tk'RI-UM, n. [Gr. a-rofvTtpiov.] A dressing 

AP i>-i;EE, 71. [L. apngron, apogrum.] That point in the 
orliit of a planet, which is at the greatest distance from 

A-roi;-l-A-TC'R.\, n. [It.] A cadence in music. 

43 APO 

AP'0-GO.\, 71 A fish of the Mtslilerranean, the summrt o. 
whose head is elevated. 

AP'O-GRAPH, 71. [Gr. uffoypii^tv.] Au exemplar ; a copy 
or transcript. 

A-PUL-LI-NA RI-AN, a. [from jipollo.] The Jlpollinwian 
games were celebrated in honor of .\|kiUo. 

A-P<JL LI-.\a Kl-A.V*. In cUurcti history, a sect deriving 
their name from Apollinaris of Eaodicea. 

A-i'UL'hU-BEL'Vl-DERK. An ancient statue of Uie firet 
class in excellence. 

A-POLL VU.\, 71. [Gr. a7zo\\vu>v.\ The destroyer ; a uame 
used Rev. ix. U, for tlie angel of the Ixiitoniless pil. 

A-P0L-O-c;ET'l€, ) a. [Gr. aJroXoytu/iui.] Defending 

A-P()1^0-GET'I-CAL, i by words or argiiineiits ; excu- 
sing ; said or written in defense, or by way of niKilocy. 

A-PUL-O-GET I-€AL-LY, adv. By way of apoIoEv. 

A POLO-GIST, 77. One who makes an apology ; ine wl.o 
speaks or writes in defense of another. 

A-POL'0-GIZE, J', i. To make an apology ; to write or 
speak in favor of, or to make excuse for. 

A-POL'O Ol-ZER, 71. Defender. JJUumer. 

AP'O-lAKiUK, n. [Gr. aTToAoyof.j A moral fable ; a story 
or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey useful 

t APO-LOGU-ER, 7t. FabUr. Burton. 

A-POL'0-GY, 71. [Gr. aroXoyia.] An excuse ; something 
said or written in defense or extenuation of what appears 
to others wrong or unjustifiable. 

t AP-0-.ME-COM -E-TRV, n. The art of measuring things 
at a distance. 

AP-0-NEURoSIS, ) ji. [Gr. arro and vtupov.] An eipan- 

AP-O-NEO'RO-SY, ( sum of a tendon in the manner o: a 
membrane ; the tendon or tail of a muscle. 

AP-O-PEilP Tie, n. [Gr. n:ro and rrcpTru).] Denoting a song 
or hymn among the ancients, snug or addressed to a stran- 
ger. It may be used as a noun for the hymn. 

A-POPII'A-SIS, 71. [Gr. are and ipaatf.] In rhetoric, a wa- 
ving or omission of what one, speaking ironically, would 
plainly insinuate. 

* AP-O-PlILEG-MAT'ie, [Sfe Phlegmatic] a. [Gr. a:7o 
and <p\ty^ta.] Masticatory ; having the quality of exciting 
discharges ol phlegm. 

* AP-0-PIILE(;-M.V'i" It', 71. A masticatory; a medicine 
which excites discharges of phlegm from the mouth oi 
nostrils. Coxe. 

AP-O PHLEc; MA-TIi«M, ». An apophlegniatic. 

AP-O-PIILEG-MAT 1-ZANT, n. An a|>ophlegniatic. 

APOPHTHEGM, or APO-THE.M, ti. [Gr. hto and ipOty 
pa.] A remarkable saying ; a short, sententious, instruct- 
ive remark. 

A-POPH Y-GE, ) n. [Gr. aTTo and ^uvi?.] 1. In architeeture, 

A-POPH Y-GY, ( tne part of a column where it springs 
outof its base; the spring of a column. 2. .\ concave part 
or ring of a column, lying above or below the flat me nber 

A-POPH' YL- LITE, 71. [Gr. a-o and </.vXXuv.] A mineral. 

A-POPH'Y-SIS, ) 71. [Gr. arro and 0iff(5.] The projecting 

A-POPll Y-.SY, \ soft end or protuberance of a bone a 
process of a lione. 

AP-t)-PLEC Tie, or AP-0-PLEe TI-CAL, 17. Pertaining 
to or consistine in ai^oplexy, or predisposed lo .T|)<rplexy 

AP-O-PI^KC Tie, 71. .'\ person affected by apoplexy. 

AP'O-PLEXED, a. Affected with apoplexy. S/i,ik. 

AP'O-PLEX-V, n. [Gr.avo-Xijita.] /\ sudden deprivafioo -> 
all sense and voluntary motion, occasioned by repli'lion,oi 
whatever interrupts the action of the nerves upon the 
muscles. Drydcn uses apoplez for npoplciy. 

APO-RO.V, or APO-RIME, 71. A problem difficult to be 

t AP-OR-RHGE A, 71. Effluvium. Olanrille. 

APO-RV, or A-Po'RI-A, 71. (Gr. <Js-opi«.) \. \n rhrtorir, 
a doubting or being at a loss where to begin, or what lo 
say, on account of the variety of iiiiitler.— -. In the med- 
ical art, febrile anxiety ; uneasiness. Cujr. 

A-PO.«-I-0-PESIS, ) 71. [Gr. (urociuiri/oiv. | Rclicenry or 

A-PO?-I-OP'E-?Y, 1 suppression ; as when 11 speaker, 
for some cause, aa fear, sorrow, or niiger, suddenly 
breaks off his discourse, bi'l'ore it is ended. 

A-P(XSTA-SV, 71. [<Jr. uTrdarunn.] I. .An nbHndonineiit 
of what one has professi-il ; a tolnl dcM'rtion or di-parture 
from one's faith or rrlijiioii. 2. The di-srrtion fn.m a 
party to which one has adhered.— ;t. Anionu jlniMnnns, 
the throwing off of rxfolialiil or fhirliiri d bone, or the 
various solntion of disease. 1. Aiiabsiess. 

A-POPT.\TE, n. One who has forsaken the rlinrch, wet, 
profession, or parly, lo which he before adhend. 

A-lltS T ATI'., 11. I'alse ; lrailon>us. N;i<-/i.vrr. 

AP <!.'* TAT I f'AI., a. After the manner <if an apf.slale. 

.A-l** 1.*^ TA 'I'l'/E, <•• >■ To abandon one's pml'esiion ot 
rhiirrli ; In forsake llie principlpji or faith «l. ich one liai 
professed, or the |>arty to whifil one has U-eii attached. 

' Sec SyiwgsU. MOVE, BOOK, D6VE ;— BI.'LL, UNITE.— C oj K ; G a» J ; ? as Z ; CII as PlI ; TH as in this. \ Oboulttt 




% IXWrA Tr7.-IN<!, ;>;"•• Aliiiii(liirilii|r a cliurcti, iirorc*- 

■ 111, iircl iir (wirly. 
\-l'<).-' ri. SlA'l . , »■ )• 'I'u forui into an nlmceu ) to ■wril 

mill nil Willi iiiii). 
i-r< >.-> 'I'lv.M A TMlN, n. 'I'liit foriiintiiin or nn niMwtciiin j 

Dii' |iriiri'H.-< iifsull.eriiig liitouii ulmcisiu ; wrilli'ii, ciirrupt 

ly, immKill.ullKllwn. 

M-i )S Ti;.M'A 'I'Ol'S, a, Pertnlnliifi to nn alMcoia ; par- 
takiiiK ol'tlif) tinlure of an npoatrinx Juurn. of Seinur. 

Al'i )S TlI.Mi;, II. [(Jr. aifucrijiia.J An iiImccim ; ii Rwplljng 
liili'il wall purulent mutter; written iUhh, curriiplly, im- 

,,.,-, tiumr. _ 

\-ri ».■- Ti; Kit) It I, [ Ii. po.^leriur.] AreunifnlM a /in'trrtort 
urc ilr:i\vii rriiiii i-lieclii, ciinHei|iiriif tk, iir liirlii , in oppo- 
Hilinii to riMMonIng a prwri. or rroiii ciiiiih-h prcviiiuato 
known ii'.siilli*. 

A I Its 'I'm;, la-pon'-il) •!. [Ia. apvHlulu.f ; l.r. ncoirroXet.] 
A piTwin (Ifpuicd to execute vonio Inii^iiant linitineiiM ) 
but iiiipniiinattttj, n (liHci|iJu of ( liri.Ht, roininlKitiuni-d to 
prearli the poHpel. 

\-l'(»S<TI,i;-f<llll', «. The oliice or (licnity of an apiwtlc. 

A !'(».•< 'I'd I. ATI-:, 11. ,\ iiii.sMJoii ; llic dignity or ollice of 
a'A nposllc. 

M'-().-< 'I'OI, ir, )a. I. IN-rtainhift or rclatiii); to the 

AroS-'I'i II, I »'AI,. j nposllfs. •_>. AiToritiiiK to thedoc- 
triiirsiif Ihr apostles; delivered or laiicht hy tlie apostles. 

\r-us.'l'()l,'l-CAI,-L.Y, <!(/(■. In the niaiiiier lif tlir apostle-s. 

Al'-0.-i-TUl/l-t;.\I^M;.S.-, II. 'I'lir nuality of belli); apos 
tolintl, or nccordinf; to the doctrines of (lie apostles. 

M'-Ci;S'J'Ol.'ICS, n. (,'erlain .sects ?ci called from their pre- 
ti-mliiip to imitate the practice of the apostles. 

\ ro.-^'I'Ko rilK, t n. |(;r. (Jiro and c7rpoi/.F>.] 1. In r/irt- 

V I'l )^! 'I'lin I'll V, \ urir, a diversion of speech ; a disrcs- 
sive address ; a changing tlie course of a speech, and ad- 
dre^iiig a person, who is dead or atiseiit, as if pre.sent. — 
2. Ill irrnmiiHir, the contraction of a word by the omission 
of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by a com- 
ma ; as, lall'd for culleil. Tlie comma used for this pur- 
pose may also be called an njivntrophc. 

A-l'(.)S'TKO rnif, a. Pertaining to an apostrophe ; noting 
the contraction of a word. .Murraii. 

^-PO.-^TRO PlllZK, r. i. or t. 1. To mnke an apostrophe, 
or short, detached address in speaking. 2. v. I. To con- 
tract a word [ y omitting a letter or letters, 'i. To mark 
with a comma, indicating the omission of a letter. 

A.-POSTIIO-PIIiZI;D, pp. Addressed by way of dieres- 
si> r ; contracted by the omission of a letter or letters ; 
ma., ked by an apostrophe. 

APOSTRt)-PlII-ZI.\t;, ppr. Addressing in a digression ; 
contracting or marking by aj ostriiphe. 

-"JUS-TUME, II. An aposteme, wirch see. 

AP-O-TAeTITE, n. [Cr. avoraKTo^.] One of a sect of an- 
cient Christians, who, in imitation of the first believers, 
renounced all their eHects and possessions. 

AP-()-Tlli:e.\, n. [L.] An apothecary's shop. 

A-POTIl fc;-€.\-RY, n. \l.. apulh'-ca.] 1. One who prac- 
tices pharmacy ; one who prepares drugs for medicinal 
uses, and keeps them for sale. "J. In the middle atrcs, an 
apothecary was the keeper of any shop or warehouse. 

APO-TIIRGM, ,rr APO-TIIEM, n. [Sec Apophthegm.] 
.\ remarkable s.iying ; a short, in.structive remark. 

AP-0-Tlir,t:-.MAT IC, j a. In the manner of an apo- 

A?-0-TIIE(:-.M.\T l-CAL, \ them. 

AP-O-TUICC .MA TIST, ii. A collector or maker of apo- 
tbems. Pope. 

AP-O-THEG MA-TIZE, v. i. To utter apothems, or short, 
instructive sentences. 

AP'O-TIIEME, H. in Riu.^ia, an apothecary's shop. 

AP-O-T(Ie0-SIS, n. [Or. nTro0£wiT(f.] Deification ; conse- 
cration ; the act of placing a prince, or otiier distinguish- 
ed person, among the he.itlien deities. 

A POTH E-SIS, «. [Gr.] 1. The reduction of a dislocated 
bone. 2. A place on the south side of the chancel, in 
the primitive churches, furnished withshelves, for books, 
vestments, &.C. IVheler. 

\-l'f)TO-ME, ) II. [Gr. uTrorcuvu.] I. In iiia//icma(i>ji, the 

.V-Kvro-MY, j difference between two incoinmensura- 
lil" qiiaMtilii's. — 2. In musie, that portion of a tone m.ijor 
wliiili rimains alter deducting from it an interval, less, 
by a «imnia, than a semitone major. 

AF-OTREPSI?, „. [Or. airo and rptiru.] The resolution 
of a snppuraiire tumor. Coxf. 

APll-T RO-P\ . '. . [(Jr. niro and rptrai.] In ancient poetry, 
a verse or hymn composed for averting the wrath of iii- 
Cen»( I deities. 

AP'd-ZEM, H. [Gr. uTo and {{«.] A decoction, in which 
the medicinal substances of plants are extracted by boil- 

^^i^;.''•'^'i,' '"^ ^';;.''-. '■'•'«' *» IPcoction irkUaker. 
f .\P-P MR , r. t. To impair. 
, AP PAIR', r. i\^^^MM|mt<>. 

Ar P.XI.l.', r. t. flf^^Wn,. pnlieo.] 1. To depress or 
discourage with fear ; to impress with fear, in such a 

iiianiier that (he mind Nliriiikii^ or Iuhw Iu firinneM 9 

To rriliicr, allay, or di-Ktroy. [6'nu^iiu/.] 7'/i»i/ijun. 
AP'I'.^I.I. , r. I. I'o Krow faint ; Ui b<; duiiiavrd. 
.\r Kx 1,1. i;i), pp. liepr«»Hcd or dinlieurtciieJ With fear 
AP l'.\l,l, I.NG, ly/r. Oi-preHvinK wiili fear ; ri-diiciiig. 
AP P.\l,l< .ME.N 1 , n. I'eprcnaion uccujiioiied by feur ; dl»- 

AP'P.X-N.A^iE, n. [Kr. apanage.] I. I.,andii nppro|iriated 

by a (iriiice to the maintenance of hii younger duum. 2. 

Siixtenaiice i nieanit of iiourmhlng. Siriji. 
AP P.\ UA 'IL.S, n. i /i/u. AfPABATUin. [I-.] I. 'J'hlng* 

firovided M ineaim to Home end ; the furnitu,G of a 
lounc ; inHlnimentDof war ; acompleieiietof inittruiiienta 
or iiteiiHiN, for iierforming any operation. — '2. lii turjrery, 
the o|MTalion ol cutting for the stone. 

AP P.\R Kl,, II. [J-'r. uppureiL] I. Clothing; veirture ; 
garmeiit.i ; drew. 2. External habilimentu or demra- 
tioiiH ; appearance. J. The furniture of a Rhip, as saili, 
rigging, anchors, &c. 

AP PAR KI-, I. (. 1. To dress or clothe. 2. To adorn 
with dress. :i. To dress with external onianientu ; to 
cover, iLH with garments. 4. To furnuh with external 

AP-P.\R ELED, 7>;i. Dressed; clothed ; covered as witli 
dress ; furnished. 

AP PAR EI,-I.\<;, /i;ir. Dressing; clothing; covering aa 
with dre.HS ; furnishing. 

t AP-PA RE.NCE, (ap pair'ens) In. Appearance. CAav- 

t AP P.\ RE.N-CV, (ap pairVn-gy) ( cer. Ouirer. 

AP P.\ RE.N'T, (ap-pair'ent a. I. That may be seen ; vtol- 
ble to the eye ; within sight or view. 2. Obvious ; plain ; 
evident; indubitable. '.<. \'isible , in oppiKiitlon to Aii/ or 
secret. 4. Visible ; appearing to the eye ; seeming, in 
distinction from true or real. — Heirs apparent are thoM 
whose right to an estate is indefeasible, if they survive 
the ancestor ; in distinction from prefumplire heirs, who, 
if the ancestor should die inimedintely, would inherit, 
but whose right is liable to be defeated by llie birtli of 
other children, blackjtune. 

AP-PA RE.\T-LY, (ap pair'ent-ly) orfr. 1. Openly; evi 
dently. 2. ;?eemingly ; in ajipearance. 

.\P-PA RE.\T-.\ESS!, (ap pairieiit ness) n. That which ia 

.^P-P.'V-RI TIO.V, n. 1. In a <reneral .lense, an appear- 
ance ; visibility. [Little u.-ied.] Jltltun. 2. The thing 
appearing ; a visible object ; a form. .Villon, 3. A 
ghost ; a spectre ; a visible spirit. [ 7'hi.i u noic the lusval 
dense of the irvrd.] 4. Mere appearance, opposed to re- 
ality. Denham. 

AP-I'.AR'I-TOR, n. [L. appnru.] Among the Aumon.', any 
otficer who attended magistrates and judges to execute 
their orders. — In l.nniand, a messenger or otficer who 
serves the process of a spiritual court, or a beadle in the 
universitv who carries tlie mace. 

t AP-P.W,' r. t. [f^p. apaaar.] To satisfy. 

t .AP-Pk.ACH', r.V. To accuse •. to censure. 

t AP-Pk.VCII kr, n. An accuser. 

t .VP-ljli.VCH'.MENT, n. Accusation ; charge e«hihited. 

AP-Pk.\L', c. i. [Fr. apprlcr ; L. appello.] 1. To refer to 
a superior judge or court, for the decision of a cause de- 
pending, or the revision of a decided in a lower 
court. 2. To refer to another tor the decision of a question 
controverted, or the counteraction of testimony or facts. 

.\P-PE.VL , r. (. To call or remove a cause from an inferior 
to a superior judge or court. 

.AP-Pk.M.,', r. t. In rriminal laT, to Charge with a crime ; 
to accuse ; to institute a criminal prosecution. 

AP-PR.AL', «. I. The removal of a cause or suit from an 
inferior to a superior tribunal ; also, the right of appeal. 
2. .\n accusation ; a process instituted by a private per- 
son against a man fi>r some crime by which he has lieen 
injured. ;t. .\ summons to answer to a charge. 4. A 
call upon a person ; a reference to another for proof or 
decision. .I. Resort ; recourse. 

.\P-Pr:.\I,'.\-BLE, <i. 1. That may be appealed ; that may 
be removed to a higher tribunal for decision. 2. That 
may be accused or called to answer by appeal. 

t AP-'Pl";.\L .\NT, n. ( )ne who appeals! Shak 

AP-PP,.M,'ED, (ap-peeld') pp. Removed to a higher court, 
as a cause ; prosecuted for a crime by a private person, 
as a criminal. 

.\P-Pi?.\L'ER, n. One who appeals ; an appellor. 

.\P-Pk.\L I.NG, ppr. Removing a cause to a higher tribu- 
nal -. prosecuting as a private person for an oflensv ; re- 
ferrins to another for a decision. 

.•VP-PR.VR', r. i. [L. appareo.] 1. To come or be in sight ; 
to be in view ; to be visible. 2. To become visible to 
the eye, as a spirit, or to the apprehension of the mind ; 
a sen'.<e freijuent in Scripture. 3. To stand in presence of, 
as parties or advocates before a court, or as p<-rsons to be 
tried. 4. To be obvious ; to be known, .as a subject of 
observation or comprehension. .5. To be clear or made 
clear by evidence. 6. To seem, in opposition tc reality 
7. Tc be discovered, or laid open. 

• See SanopsU A, P.. 1, 0, P, T, long FAR, FALL, WHAT ;— PRgY ;— PI.N, M.^RIXE, BIRD ;— t OitoleU 




\ AP-PkAR', n. Appearance 

i^P rr: Ml A\<-"i;, «. I. 'llie ait iirciiming into sight ; the 
art (if Ijeciiiiiiiig visilile li> the eye. -i. 'I'he thing seen ; a 
pheiKinieniin. 3. Senililance ; apparent likeness. 4. I",x- 
leriial slmw ; semblance as.snineil, in oppo.'fition to reality 
or substance. 5. I'ersonal presence ; exliibili(:n of the 
person. 0. Kxliibition of the clianicter ; introduction of 
a person to ttie public In a particular character. 7. Pri.b- 
ability i likelihood. Barvn. 8. Presence; mien ; figure, 
as presented by llie person, <lress, or manners. 9. A be- 
ing present in court ; a defendant's filing common or 
Bpecial bail to a process. 10. An apparition, Jiddiion. 

AP-PkAR EK, It. 'I'he person that appears. 

AP-I'KAR'ING, ppr. Coming ill sight ; becoming evident; 
making an external sliow ; seeming ; liaving the sein- 

AP-Pi'.AR [NO, n. The act of becoming risible ; appearance. 
^P-PKASA-BLK, «. That may be appe:ised, quieted, 
calmed, or pacified. 

AP-I'EAS'A-BLE-XESS, n. The quality of being appeasa- 

\PPl'",A?E , r. t. [Fr. apaise.r.'\ To make quiet ; to calm ; 
to reduce to a slate of iieace ; to still ; Ki pacify. 

^P-I'l?Af*'i:i), (ap-peezil') p/'. Uuieled ; calmed ; pacified. 

AP-PRASE .ME.N'T, ?i. The act of appeasing ; tlie state of 
being in peace. 

AP PkAS'I'.II, n. One who appeases, or pacifies. 

AP-PkAS'1VE, (ap pe' sir) u. Having the power to ap- 
pease ; mitigating ; quieting. 

t AP-PEI/LAN-CV, )i. An appeal. 

AP-PEI/I-Ai\T, n. 1. One who appeals, or removes a 
cause from a lower to a higher tribunal. 2. One who 
prosecutes another for a crime, ii. One wlio challenges 
or flummons another to single combat. — 1. In church his- 
tory, one who appeals from the Constitution Unigcnitus 
to a general council. .Milton. 

f AP-PEE'LATE, «. A person appealed, or prosecuted for 
a crime. See Appellee. Ayliffe. 

AP-PEL E.\TE, n. Pertaining to appeals ; having cogni- 
zance of appeals ; as, " appellate jurisdiction." Count, of 
U. S. Jiurkc. 

AP-PEI^-LA TION, 71. [L. appellatio.] Name ; the word by 
which a thing is called and known. Spen.^rr uses it for 

AP-I'EIj I>A-TIVE, a. Pertaining to a common name ; no- 
ting the common name Df a species. 

AP-PEE'I,A-TIVE, n. A common name, in distinction 
from a proper name. .\ common name, or niiprlliitirc, 
stands for a whole class, genus or species of beings, or 
for universal ideas. 

AP-PEE'EA-TTVE-LY, adv. According to the manner of 
noutis appellative ; in a manner to express whole classes 
or species. 

APPEE'EA-TO-RY, a. Containing an appeal. 

AP-PEE-LEE, 71. 1. The defendant in an appeal. 2. The 
person who is appealed, or prosecuted by a private man 
for a crime. 

AP-PEI>-EOR', V. The person who institutes an appeal, or 
prosecutes another for a crime. Blnck-itonr. 

AP PENI)', V. t. {h. opjicndo.] 1. To hang or attach to, as 
by a string, so that the thing is suspended. 2. To add, as 
nn accessory to the principal thing. Johnson. 

AP-PEMVAiiE, 71. Something added to a principal or 
greater thing. 

f AP-PEND'ANCE, or f AP-PEND'ENCE, n. Something 
annexed. /?;». Ifall. 

.\P-PENI)'ANT, n. Hanging to ; annexed ; belonging to 
something; attached. 

AP-PI"N1)'ANT, 71. That which belongs to another thing, 
as incidental or subordinate to it. 

AP-PI'M) El), pp. Annexed; attached. 

t APPEMVl-CATE, V. t. To append ; to add to. iralr. 

t AP-PEX 1)1 CA'TION, 71. An appendage or adjunct. 

AP-PEMi l-<'EE, 71. A small appendage. 

AP-Pi;Nn'l\0, 71. That which is by right annexed. 

AP-PE.\"1) I.\, 71. ; phi. Appendixes. [E. 'I'he I,atin plural 
is npiirndirr.^-.] 1. Something appended or added. 2. An 
adjunct, concomitant, or appendage, it. .More generally, 
a supplement or short treatise added to a book. 

f AP-PEUCKlVE', 7'. I. fPr. apfrccroir.] To Comprehend. 

fAP-PER rK.rV'ING, 71. Perception. Chaucer. 

AP-PER-CEP'TION, 71. Perception that reflects upon itself; 
consciousness. Rrid. 

\ AP-PER'II,, 71. Peril ; danger. Shak. 

AP-PER-T.^IN', V. I. I Fr. npparlenir ; I., ad and prrtlnco.] 
To belong, whether liv right, nature or appointment. 

AP-PER-'P.^INilNC, ;./.■ nelonging. 

AP-PRR-T.^rVMENT, )i. That which beloncs. 

t AP-PER TE \ WCE, r. t. To have .is richt N-longing. 

AP-PER'TE NEM'l'., 71. .Sf,- Appurte>a >rr.. 

AP-PER TI-iNEN'l', n. Belonging; now written aftpurlr- 
nant. Shnk. 

t AP-PER'TI-NENT, 77. That which belongs to something 
else. Shak. See Appdrtenance. 

t)ciiii; dtiirable fui 

AP PE I]i^.\CE^ j 71. TL. appetentia.] 1. Desire ; espfcial 

AP'PE-TE.\'-(;\ , ( ly carnal desire; Bensual ap)>etite 
2. The (lisposiiion of organised bodies to select and im- 
bilie such portiDiis of inailer :is serve lo support and nour- 
ish them, '.i. An incliiiatiun ui pnipensily in aniiiiais to 
perfiirni certain actions, us in Die young to suck, ia 
aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim. 

AP'PE-'i'l'.V'i", «. Desiring ; very desirous. Btuk. 

AP-Pl'.-Tl-lilE'1-TV, 71. The uualilv of bcii 

Al"PE-Tl-BlvE, a. [I.ow L. appeiiljilis.] Desirable ; thai 
may he the object of sensual desire. 

AP PE TITE, I.. [E. ap]irritu.t.] 1. The natural desire of 
pleasure or good ; the desire of gnitilicatimi, either of the 
body or of the mind. 2. A desiie oftnod or drink ; a ((Uiii- 
ful sensation occasioned by hunger or thirst. 'J. Strong 
desire ; eagerness or longing. 4. The tiling desired 

t AP-PE-TTTK, t'. I. To desire. Sir T. F.Ujot. 

AP-PE-TT"Til)N, 71. [E. appeiiiiu.] Desire. [Rarely used.] 

t AP PE-TI"TIOL'S, a. Palatable ; desirable. 

AP'PE-Tl-'J'IVE, a. That desires ; liiat has the quality of 
desiring gratification. 

AP'Pl-Ai\, a. Oesignatingsomething thatbelongs to Appius, 
particularly a way from Rome through Capua 10 lirundu- 
siuiii. now Brindisi, constructed by Appius Claudius. 

.•\P-PL,A(J1J', r. I. [E. applaudo.] 1. To praise by clapping 
the hands, acclamation, or other significant sign. 2. To 
praise by words, actions, or other means ; to e.xpres8 ap- 
probation of; to commend. 

.\P-PLj\Un ED, pp. Praised by acclamation, or other 
means ; commended. 

AP-PIiAIJD'ER, «. One who ptaises or commends. 

.■\P-PEAUD'INU, ppr. Praising by acclamation ; commend- 

.\P-PEAU?E', 71. [E. applausus.] A shout of approbation ; 
approbation and praise, expre.^sed by clapping the Lands, 
acclamation or huz/as ; approbatuui expressed. 

.•\P-PL..VU'SIVE, a. Applauding ; containing applause, 

AP'PLE, 71. [Sax. appl, oppil : 1). uppel ; Cer. apfel ; Dan. 
leble ; Sw. aple.] 1. The fruit of the apple-tree, [pynis 
77io(u.<,] from which cider is made. 2. The ajrple of tht 
eye is titc pupil. — .Ipple of love, or loveapple, the tomato, 
.a species of solanuni. 

.\P'PEE, r. t. To form like an at'ple. Marshal. 

.-\l"PEE-f;RAFT, 71. .\ scion of he apple-tree ingrafted. 

APPEE-ll.VR-VEST, 71, The g ithering of apples, or tlie 
time of gathering. 

AP'PEE-JOH.N. See John-Apple. 

AP'PEE-PIE, 71. A pie made of apples stewed or baked 
inclosed in paste. 

AP PEE-SAUCE, 71. A sauce made of stewed apples. 

AP'PLE-TART, ». A tart made <if apples baked on paste. 

AP'PLE-TREE, 71. A tree arranged by Linne under tho 
genus pi/riis. The fruit of this tree is indefinitely various 
The crah apple is supposed to be the original kind, from 
which all ollicrs have sprung. 

,\P PI^E-\VO.M-AN, 71. A woman who sells apples and 
other fruit. 

AP'PLE-YXRD, 71, An orchard ; an inclosure for apples. 

t.'\P-PLI'.\-BLE, a. [.See Applt.] That may be applied 
This word is superseded by ujrplicable. 

t AP-PLI'.'VNCE, >i. The act' of applying, or thing applied. 

AP-PEI-€A-B1L'I-TY, 71. The quality of being applicable, 
or fit to be applied. 

.\P'PEr-eA-BEE, «. That may be applied ; fit to be appli- 
ed, as related to a thing ; that may have relation to some- 
thing else. 

AP'PE'I-CA-BEE-NEPS, 71. Fitness to be applied ; the qual- 
itv of being applicable. 

AP'"PEI-€A-BLY, adv. In such a manner that it may be ap- 

AP'PEI-CANT, 71. One who applies ; one who makes re- 
quest ; a petitioner. 

AP'PIiI-€.\TE, 71. A right line drawn across a curve, so aa 
to be bisected bv the diameter ; nn ordinate. 

t AP PEI-CATE, r. ;. To apply. /v<ir.M..i. 

.\P PEI-CATE-OR PI-.NATE. A right line at right angle* 
applied to the axis of any conic section, and bounded by 
the curve. Bailey. 

AP-PEI C.A"T|()N,"n. [E. nppUeatio.] I. The net of lay injf 
on. 2. The thing applied. 3. The art of making request, 
or soliciting. 1. The act of applying as means ( the em- 
ployment of means. .1. The net t.f fixing the mind ; in- 
tenseness of thought ; close study ; ntlention. C<. Tne 
act of directing or referring something to a particular 
case, to discover or illustrate the agreement or ilisngree- 

l„eiit. 7. In srrninn.i, that part of the discourse in which 

the principles before laid down and illustrated are appli- 
ed to practical ises, 

AP'PEl <" A TTV E, a. That applies. Pramhnll. 

AP'PEI C A T' RI I.Y, adr. In a manner which applied. 

AP'PEl <"\ T" RV, n. Tlint includes the act of applying 

AP'PEI <■ A 'I'o-RV, n. That which applies. Taylor. 

•Sc«Syuop«w MOVE, BQOK, 06 VE J— BULL, UNITE -€mK ; *a» J; SasZ; CHaeSII; TH aa In tAi». \ OhtaUU. 

APP 4(5 

Mf Pl.T'F.n, (np plTiIe') pn- I'm on ; put to j dircctod ; nm- 

f Al' IM.f'KI) I.V, iiili-. In n iimnncr wlilch niny Im ngipllcu. 

AC l't.ri:il, H. Km- Unit ,i|i|ilifM. 

\ A'" I'M'MK.NT, ». .\|.pl.cntli(Ti. Miimt.m. 

AI'-I'I.V, '•. (• ['■• itfiHiio.] I. To l;iy mi ; In put onr tlilriR 
to aiiiil'irr. •;. 'I'o iisr or fiiiploy Tor n piirttniliir piirjiow, 
iir In n IMirticiilrir cii«(>. M. 'I'li put. ri'lcr or ii«!, n.i Hiilt;i 
111.- or rrlalivc lomimftllliiR. I. 'In fix tlw iiilml ; lo In- 
takt' i to rii|;;igo iiiiii employ witli iiilnitiox. .'>. To lul- 
ilrcK!) or >llri-ct. Pupf. ti. 'I'o ninkr npplir.'iL.m ; to have 
rrroiirtm by rrqueiit. 7. To biny ; to keep nl *vork ; to 
ply. lOft,*.] SKlnttj. 

Ai'-i'l.Y', I', i. I. To milt ; to agrrc -. to Invc itoinB connec- 
tion, nftrccinent or niiiiloey. -J. 'lo ninke rpqiicut ; to ito- 
llrit ; to have rccoiirnr, with n vli-w to caln Koinrtliing. 

\r-l'l,Vi.\(;,;i;»r. I^yinR on ; niiikine apiilication. 

Al'-l'Ol.NT', i-.l. [Kr. .i/i/.i.oi/rr.) I. To lix ; to HUttle ) to 
pstiililH;. , to in.ikc ftisl. !2. To ron!>tlmic. ordain, or (\x 
by (lecri'p, ordi-r or ilcriitlon. ;i. To allot, asHiRn or desig- 
nate. •). To purpose or resolve ; to lix the inlention. .'>. 
To ordii'n, roiuMiaiid or order, l'.. To settle ; to lix, name 
or determine liy agreement. 

AI'-I'<M\'I''A dm;, ■;. 'I'liat may he appointed orcongtltut- 
ed. .»/« ./(...>». 

AP-l*OI\'T'i;i), pfi I Fixed ; set ; entalilislicil ; decreed : 
ordained ; consliliitod ; allotted 2. Furnislicil ; rqilippeii 
with tilings neces.xary 

AP l*<)IN-'lT';r.', n. 1. A person appointed. Wh:atnn''g Re- 
ports. 'J. A loot soldier in the Trench army, who, for 
long service and bravery, receives mot; pay than other 
privates. HaUnj. 

AP-rt1INT'Kll, ;i One who appoint.i. 

AP-ri)|.NT»I.N(;, pjir. !-knting ; fixing; rrdaining ; consti- 
tuting ; assigning. 

AP-Pol.\T'.MK.\T, H. 1. The act of appointing ; designation 
to olfice. 2. Stip lation ; a.ssipnation ; the act of fixing 
by mutual agree, ent. 3. Decree ; established order or 
uonstitiition. 1. Direction ; order ; command. .">. Kcpiip- 
ireiit, furniture, as for a ship, or an army ; whatever is 
appointed for use and management. G. -An allowance to a 
person ; a salary or pension, as to a public officer. 7. A 
devi>e or erant to a charitable use. 

t AP-rOHT'l'.K, H. [Fr importer.] A bringer in; one that 
brines into the country 

AP-Poin !0.\, r. «. [L. id nnA portio.] To divide and as- 
sign in just proportion ; to distribute, among two or more, 
II just part or share to each. 

r AI'-l'nU'TION-ATE-NFSS, n. Jiu-t iiroportion. 

.XP-PdR'TlO.N'ED, pp. Divided ; set out or assigned in suit- 
able part-s or shares. 

AP Polt'TK )X-F,R, n. One that apportions. 

AP-PoIl'TION-ING, ppr. Petting out in just proportions or 

APPoIl'TION-MENT, n. The act of apportioning ; a di- 
viding into just proportions or shares. 

AP-PoSE', V t. [Fr. npposer.] 1. To put questions ; to ex- 
amine. Bacon. 2. 'fo apply. Hiirreij. 

AP-PoS'ER. II. An examine.-; one whose business is to put 

AP'Pi >-SlTE, a. [L. appositus.'] Suitable ; fit ; very applica- 
ble ; well adapted. 

AP PO-SITE-LY, adv. Suitably -, fitly ; properly. 

APPO.?TTE-NESS, n. Fitness; propriety; suitableness. 

AP-PO .-:I"TI().\, n. 1. The act of adding to ; addition ; a 
setting to. — 2. In <rrammar, the placing of two nouns in 
the same case, without a connecting word between them. 

f.\P-POl«'I-TtVE, a. Applicable. Knatchbull. 

AP-PR.\I?E, (ap-prOzei) r. (. [Fr. apprccicr.] To set a 
value ; to estimate the worth, particLlarly by persons ap- 
poi'ifed for the purpose. Sfc Afpuize. 

AP-P..A!i«E'ME.\T, n. The act of setting the value ; a val- 
uation. See .Vppbizemeht. 

AP-PRAfS ER,7i. One who values. See Afprizer 

t AP-PRE-€A'TION, n. [L. apprccor.] Earnest prayer. 

APPr •Ve.\-TO-RY, a. Praying or wishing any good. 

AP-PKf,iCIA-BLE, (ap-pre'sha-bl) a. 1. That may be ap- 
preciated ; valuable. 2. That may be estimated ; capable 
of heijg dulv estimated. 

AP-PRkCIATE, (ap-prCshate) v. t. [Fr. apprecier.] 1. To 
value . to set a price or value on ; to estimate. 2. To 
raise the value of. Ramsay. 

AP-PRivClATE, r. i. 'To rise in value ; to become of more 

APPRP.'CIA-TED, pp. Valued; prized ; estimated ; ad- 
vanced in value. 

AP-PRKriA-TING, ppr. Setting a value on ; estimating ; 
rising in value. 

AP-PRE t'l-A'TIOX, n. 1. A setting a value on ; a just val- 
uation or estimate of merit, weight, or any moral consid- 
eration, a. A rising in value : increase of worth or value. 

AP-PRE-irENiy, r. t. [L. apprehendo.] 1. To take or 


Hslze ; lo take hold of. 2. To take with the under^tind 
Ing, that In, to conceive In the mind ; lo iiiidernt.iiid, 
williiiiit p.-iANitig II Jiidgineiil, or making nil iiirirnice. .1. 
'J'o lliiiik j to li«:lieve or Ih: of o|ilnioii, hut without jonl- 
tive rertnlnty. 1. 'J'o fear : lo entertiiln luxptcion or fear 
of future evil. 

AP Plti; ME.MKED, ;;;> Taken ; iclMd ; arrtiitcd ; con- 
ceived ; uiidrrxtood , 

AP I'lti: lir.ND'Elt, «.. 'Hie who take* ; one who concclveo 
III hi' mind ; one who fearn. 

AP PRE IIK.VD'I.N'';, ppr. Seizing; taking ; conceiving 
understanding ; fearing. 

AP PRE lli;.N'.-'l-nLi;, «. Tliat may be apprehended or 

AP PREin',.\'.><I»>N, ». 1. The art of taking or arresting. 
2. The mere C(>nteiii|ilntii)ii of things, without atnrming, 
denying, or paKsing any judgment ; «iniplc Intellection, 
n. An inadequate or ii(i(K!rferl Idea. 1. 0|iinlofi ; ajn- 
ccpticm. .O. The faculty by which new ideajt are amcciv- 
ed. <). Fear ; mispicioii ; the prospect of future evil, ac- 
companied wilh niie.-winess of mind. 

AP PRE iiE.V'SIVE a. I. (iiiick to understand. 2. Fear 
fill; in expectation of evil. 'J. .'auspicious; inclined lo 
believe. 4, .«ensilile ; feeling ; perceptive. .Vi/fw/i. 

AP-PI{E-IIE.\ SI VE I.V, fidr. In an ap|ir< hensive manner 

AP-PRE IIEX'SIVE ,N»S, n. 'Ihe quality of being appre- 
hensive ; readiness to understand ; fearfulness. 

AP PREN TICE, II. [Fr. npprnni.] 1. One who is bound 
by covenant to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a 
certain time, with a view to learn his art, mystery, or oc- 
cupation, in which his miu'ter is bound to instruct iiim. — 
2. In uld lair huiiUn, a barrister ; a learner of law. 

,\P PREN'TfCE, r. t. To bind to, or put under the care of 
a master, for the purpose of instruction in the knowledge 
of a trade or business. 

t AP I'ltEN'TKE HOOD, 71 Apprenticeship. Skak. 

AP PREN'TU'E-SniP, n. I. The term for which an ap- 
prentice is bound to aen-e his master. 2. The service, 
state or condition of an apprentice ; a slate in which a 
person is gaining instniction under a master. 

t AI'-l'KEN'Tli^-.AGE, ii. Apprenticeship. Baron. 

.AP-PUE?T', (I. In botany, pres.«ed close ; lying near the 
stem ; or applying its upper surface to the stem. 

AI*-PUI.«E', c. t. [Fr. appi^.] To inform ; to give notice, 
verbal or written. 

.AP I'RI?'E1), ;ap prizd') pp. Informed; having notice or 
knowledge communicated. 

AP-PRT? l.\G, p/rr. Infoniiing ; communicating notice to. 

.AP-PRIZE', r. (. [ail, and price, prize ; D. prij-i ; Ger. prcia ; 
W. pris : Fr. prixrr, to prize.] To value ;" to set a value 
in pursuance of authority 

AP-PRIZ I'.D, (ap-prizd'>';>p. Valued; having the worth 
fixed hv aT.horized persons. 

APPRIZE .ME.NT, n. 1. The act of setting a value under 
some authority or appointment ; a valuatiim. Biorhstime. 
2. The rate at which a thing is valued ; the value fixed, 
or valuation 

.AP-PRT7 ER, n. \ person appointed to rate, or set a value 
on articles. 

AP-PRTZ l.\G, ppr. Rating ; setting a value under au- 

AP-PRlZ'ING, n. The act of valuing under authority. 

.AP-PRoACII , r. •. [Fr. apprm-'irr.^ I. To come or go 
near, in place ; to draw near : to advance nearer. 2. To 
draw near in time. 3. To draw neir, in a figurative 
sense ; to aJ'-ance near to a point aimed at, in science, 
literature, government, morals, &c. ; to apprjxiniate. -1. 
To draw near in duty, as in prayer or worship. 

AP-PRoACII , r. I. 1. To come near to. 2. To have access 
carnally, l-rr. xviii.— 3. In trardcr.inir, to ingraft a sprig 
or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from 
the parent stock. F.ncyc. 

AP-PRo ACH , n. 1. The act of drawing near ; a coming or 
advancing near. 2. .\cress.— 3. \nfjrtiJication,ni\\ou\y 
the advances of an arnw are called approaches, but the 
works thrown up by the tiesiegers, to protect them in 
their ailvances towards a fortress. 

AP PRO ACII'.A-BLE, a. That may be approached ; acces- 

AP-PRo ACU'ER, ti. One who appnviches or draws near 

AP-PROACII ME.NT, n. The act of coming near. 

AP'PRO-P \'VE, (7. [L. approhatus.] Approved. 

AP'PRO-BATE, r. t. [L. apprabo. .Approbate is a modem 
word, but in common use in .America. It differs from ap- 
prore, denoting not only the act of the mind, but an ex- 
pression of the act.1 To express approbation of; to man- 
ifest a liking, or degree of satisfaction ; to express appn>- 
bation officially, as of one's fitness for a public trust 
.T. Fliot. 

APPRO-BA-TED.pp. Approved; commended. 

-AP PRO-BA-TING, ppr. Eipresising approbation ot. 

APPROBATION, n. [h. npprobatio.] I. The act of ap^ 
provins ; a liking ; that state or disposition of the mind 
in which we assent to the propriety of a thing, with som« 

♦ Set Synopsis. A, E, t, 0, V, t^, long.—FXR, FALL, ^ATIAT ;— PBEY ;— FIN, M.ARtXE, BIRD ,— f Obstlett. 



degree of pleasure or satisfaction 0. Attestation ; sup- 
jiort ; that is, active approbation, or action, in favor of 
what is approved. 3. Tlie comniendation of a book li- 
censed or perniiiled to be published by authority, as was 
formerly the case in England. 

APPKU-BA-TIVE, a. Approving ; implying approbation. 

AP'PRO-BA-TO-RY, a. Containing approbation ; express- 
ing ap|)rnbation. Scott. 

\ AI'-l'lO i.MI''!' , for Prompt. Bacon. 

f AP-l'l!()OF', H. Approval. Shak. 

f AP-PK(>I"ER-ATE, ».t. [t,. appropero.] To hasten. 

f AP-PRU-PIJN'UUATE, o. i. [L. appropinquo.] To draw 

TAP-PRO-PIN-aL'ATIO\ 71. A drawing nich. Hall. 

TAP-PRO-PINaUl'.', K. t. To approach. Hmtibras. 

AP-PRoPRI-A-J5M0, a. That may be appropriated ; that 
may be set apart, or assigned exclusively to a particular 

.^P-PRfyPRr-ATE, r.«. [Yj. approprier.] 1. To set apart 
for, or assign to a particular use, in exclusion of all other 
uses. 2. To take to one's self in exclusion of others ; to 
claim or use, as by an exclusive right. 'S. To make pe- 
culiar. 4. 'I'o sever an ecclesiastical benefice, and annex 
it to a spiritual corporation, sole or aggregate, being the 

patron of the living. 

AP-PRo PRI-ATE, n. 1. Belonging peculiarly ; peculiar; 
set apart for a particular use or person, d. Most suitable, 
lit, or proper, 
t APPROPRIATE, n. Peculiarity. Bacon. 
AP-PRo'PRI-A-TEl), pp. Assigned to a particular use; 
claimed or used exclusively ; annexed to an ecclesiastical 
AP-PRd'PRI-ATE-T.Y, arfr. Fitly. 
AP-PRO'PRI-A'1'E .\ESS, H. Peculiar fitness ; the quality 

of being appropriate, or peculiarly suitable. 
AP-PRrVPRl-A-TING, ppr. Assigning to a particular per- 
son or use ; claiming or using exclusively. 
AP-PRO-PRI-X TfC)N, 71. 1. The act of sequestering^ or 
assigning to a particular use or person, in exclusion oi all 
others ; application to a special use or purpose. — 2. In 
lair, the severing or sequestering of a benefice to the per- 
petual use of a spiritual corporation, sole or aggregate, 
being the patron of the living. 
AP-l'Ro'PRI-A-TOR, n. 1. One who appropriates. 2. 

One who is possessed of an appropriated benefice. 
AP-PRo'PRI-E-TA-RV, n. A lay possessor of the profits of 

a benefice. 
AP-1'ROV'A-BLE, a. That may be apiiroved ; that merits 

AP-PKOVAFj, n. Approbation. 
AP PKOV'ANCE, Ti. Approbation Thomson. 
AP-PROVE'. V. t. [Ft. appruurrr : L. upproio.] 1. To like ; 
to be pleased with ; to admit the propriety of. 2. To 
prove; to show to be true ; to justify. 'J. Toexi«rience ; 
to prove by trial. \.Viit il-ciI.] S/iak. 4. To make or show 
to be worthy of approbation ; to commend. 5. To like 
and sustain as right ; to commend. 0. To improve. 
AP-PKrtV'ED. fap-proovd') pp. Liked ; commended ; 
shown or proveil to biMvorthy of ajiprobation ; having the 
approbation and sup|)ort of. 
AP-l'UOVE'MENT, n. 1. Approbation ; liking.— 2. In 
latr, when a person indicted for felony or treason, and 
arniigiied, confesses the fact before plea pleaded, and ap- 
peals or accuses his accomplices of the same crime, to ob- 
tain his pardon, tbis confession and accusation are called 
approrement, and the person an npprnrrr. lllack.itonc. 3. 
Improvement of coiniii<m lands, by inclosing and convert- 
ing them to the uses of husliaiidry. BlnekKinne. 
AP-PK(')V ER, n. 1. C)ne wlio approves. Formerly, one 
who proves or makes trial. — 3. In la:r, one who confesses 
a criiiif, and accuses another. 
AP-l'l{(i\' IN(;,/);ir. hiking; commenfling; giving or ex- 
pressing a;iprol)ation. 
AP-1'I{()\ I.Ni;, (/. Yielding approbation, 
t AP-I'lfOX l-.MANT, a. Approaching. Drring. 
r AP-l'RnX'I-MATE,(i. [1.. ad and pruTimuf.] Nearest to ; 

next ; near to. [ I'lii.t imnt is superseded hii proximate.] 
AP-PRDX IMATE, r. I. To carry or advance near; to 

cause to npiiroarli. Burke. 
AP-PRoX'I-MATE, r. «. To come near ; to approach. 

AP-PROX-I-MA TIO.V, 71. 1. Approach ; a drawing, mov- 
ing, or advancing near. Hale. — 2. In arithmrlir and alge- 
bra, a ccmtiniial approach or coming nearer and nearer to 
B root or other quantity, without being able, perhaps, ever 
to arrive at it. — :i. In medicine, ccimmiiiiicalion of disease 
by contact. 4. A mode of cure, by tmnsplanting a dis- 
ease into an animal or vegetable bv ininu diale contact. 
AP-I'ROX I-MA-TIVE, o. Approaching ; that approaches. 

Kd. Enevr. 
4P-PIUi<F;, (ap-puls) n. [1,. nppxilsun ] 1. The net of 
8trikin{ against. — 2. In astronomy, the approach of any 

47 AQU 

planet to a conjunction with the sun, or a star. 3. Ar- 
rival ; landing. 
AP-PUL,'S1(J.\, n. The act of striking against by a moving 

AP-P('L'S!VE, a. Striking against ; driving towards. 
AP-PUR'TE-N.\.\CE, n. [si written for apperte:i(nce.] 
[Er. appartenance ] That which uelongs to something 
else ; an adjunct ; an appendage. .Ippropriatelv, such 
buildings, rights, and improvements, as belong to land, 
are called the appurtenances. 
AP-PUR'TE-NA.NT, a. 1. Belonging to ; pertaining to of 
right. — 2. In lair, common appurtmant is that which 'a 
annexed to land, and can be claimed only by prescription 
or immemorial usage, on a legal presumption of a sjjecial 
grant. Blaclistune 
A'PRI-CATE, t). i. [L. ajTTKor.] To bask in the Bun. Ray 

[Little used.] 
A-PRICI-TY, 71. Sunshine. [Little used.] 
A PRl-COT, H. [old orthography, ajiricock.] [Fr. ahncot.] 
A fruit belonging to the genus prunus, of the plum kind, 
of an oval figure, and delicious taste. 
A'l'RIL, H. [L.. Jiprilis ; Fr .^vril.] The fourth month ol 

the year 
A PRIIy-FOOL, 71. He who is imposed upon by others, on 

the first day of April, or April-foul-day. 
A-PI'I-f) Rl reiisoninir, i. e. from causes to effects. 
*A'PRO.\,7i. [\r. aprun.] I. A cloth, or piece of leather, 
worn on the fore|)art of the body, to keep the cli>the!< 
clean, or defend them from injury. 2. The fat skin cov- 
ering the belly of a goose. — :!. In gunnery, a flat piece of 
lead, thai covers the vent of a cannon. 4. In ships, a 
piece of cur\'ed timber, just above the foremost end of the 
keel. .■>. A platform, or flooring of plank, at tlie entrance 
of a dock, on which the dock gates are shut. 6. A piece 
of leather to be drawn before a person in a gig. 
♦A'PRONEI), a. Wearing an apron. Pope. 
* A'PRON-ilAN, 71. .\ man who wears an apron ; a labor- 
ing man ; a mechanic. 
APROPOS, (ai)'ro-po) adv. [Fr.] 1. Opportunely ; .season- 
ably. 2. By the way ; to the purpose : a word used to 
introduce an incidental observation, suited to tile occa- 
sion, though not strictly belonging to the narration. 
,\PSIS,n. ; p/u. ApsiDls. [Gr. a\f,is.] In astronomy, the 
apsides are the two points of a planet's orbit, which are at 
the greatest and le;ist distance from the sun or earth ; the 
most distant point is tlie aphelion, or apogee ; the least 
distant, the perihelion, or perigee. The line connecting 
these is called the line of the upsides. 
.APT, u. [L. aptuj.] I. Fit j suitable. 2. Having a ten 
deiicy ; liable. :t. Inclined ; disposed customarily. 4 
Ready ; quick. .5. Qualified : fit. 
t APT, I', t. To fit ; to suit or unapt. 
I Arr A-BLE, a. That may be adapted. 
t A1"T.\TE, r. t. To make fit. Bailey. 
.VP TER, ( 71. [CfT. a and -nTCpov.] 'Vn insect without 
APTERA, i wings. 
APTE-RAE, a. Destitute of wings. 

.\PT I-TIJDE, n. 1. A natural or acquired disposition fcr 
a particular purpose, or tendency to a particular action or 
effect. 2. I'itiiess ; suitableness. 3. Aptness ; readiness 
in learning ; docility. 
APT'EY, adv. In an apt or suitable manner ; witli just 
correspondence of parts ; fitly ; properly ; justly ; per 
APT .\ !■>.<, 71. I. Fitness; suitableness. 2. Disposition 
of the mind ; propensity. 3. Uuickness of apprehension} 
readiness in learning ; docility. 4. Tendency, in things. 
AP'TOTE, 71. [Gr. a and TTwan.] In gT(iHi»irir, ,i noun 
which has no variation of termination ; an inderliiiablo 
AP Y-REX-Y, 71. [Gr. a and irvptaau).] The absence or in- 
termission of fever. 
AP Y-ROUS, a. [Gr. arrvpof.] Incombustible, or that ros- 
tains a strong heat without alteration of form or proper 
A'UUA, 77. [I., aqua : Sp. agua.] Water ; a word much 

used in pharmacv, and the old cnemistry 
,\-ai '.V FOK'TIS,' in the old chemistry, is now called nitric 

.\MUA MA-R!'NA. A name which jewelers give to tl>« 

heriil, on account of iU» «ilor. 
A-aCA MI-RAB'l-MS. A medical water. 
A-(lUA RK'Gl-A, In the old chemistry, ia now called nilro 

muriatic acid. 
AQI'A Vl'T.'E. Brandy, or spirit of wine. 
.\-tll A'Kl- AN, ". One of a sect of Christians, in the priinl 
live church, who consecrated water in the cucharist. in 
stead of wine. 
A-aifA'RI-''S, n. [I,.] Thcvater bearer : a sign in lh« 

zodiac which the sun enters abont the 21st of January. 
A-tll .A'r'IC, (I. \l.. aauaticu-f.] Pertaining to water ; ap- 
plied to nnimals whicii live in water, as fishes, .iquaticat 
is rarely used. 

» Sm ff opsis. MOVE, BO9K, DOVE ;— BJJLL, UNITE ;— Cos K ; as J ; Sas Z ; CH b»SII 5 TH as in this, f Ot^oleM 




A-QUAT ir, n. A ninnt wliicli gruwii In wat<;r, lutlin (lux. 
AU o'A 'I'll.V:, >i. 'i'lial llihlttiita lliu witur. liruuu. [Hiirely 

MttJ. I 

An I \ riN'I'A.n. |l,. (K/iKj, nnd tt. (iii/a.) A iinlli<id of 
rtcliinK nil (; '|i|i<'r, liy wliicli ii litMiiinriil rlli'rt In |ir«<lur<'il, 
rrKi'iiiiiliiiR >> I'l'u drawing In water colom or Inilliin 

Ad't'K tUUVr, n. [I,, ai/ua iinil ilurlut.] A iitrnctiirr mndo 
fur c< iivuyiiig wnttT rniiii one plncc to iin<>llii-r, ovrr iin 
evrn )triiun<l, cittii-r iilinvc or uinlcr (In* 

t' Hl-'l'Y, n. Wulfriiifitt. ./»«.„h. 

i'llUK f 'US, a. Wnlery ; partaking ol' llie nnliirc of waler, 
or alMiunding witli ii. 

A'til'l',()l;.-<-.\r,S<, II. 'Ilu- quality of iMMiig watrry ; w:i 
torlBlinciia ; wnterliu-M. 

AU'I'I-L.A, V. \\..\ In ormlhiiliigi/, the raglc. Alw), a 
iinrtlifrn a nstcllation. 

ACl'Ll-I.I.Ni;, ,1. [1,. aquUinuji.] 1. HclimRlng to thf c-ngie. 
2. t'urvlng; tiiMiked ) pniniinent, like lliu beak of an 

Afl ri-L'W, n. [I,. (K/uilo.] The north wind. 

AU-Ul-'I A'M-A.V (I. IVrtaining to Aqiiitania, one of the 
stent divJHlona ofCniil. 

t A-UI'u.'^b:', o. IL. uuiia] Watery. Diet. 

f A-anoS'lTV, II. Uuterincti. Diet. 

A. K. Hland for anno rtirin, the year of the king's reign ; .18, 
,A. U. (;. K. 20, in the :ioth year of the reign of King 

AK'A l!l'..-^UUK, ( a. 1. In the manner of the Arabians ; 

AK-A lir..-^K Y, \ applied to ornanients consisting of 
ijnicinary foliage, stalks, plants, &.C., in which there are 
no ligures of animals. '_'. The Arabic language. [J^ot in 

A-RAni-.VN, a. Pertaining to Arabia. 

A-RA HI-AN, 71. A native of Arabia ; an Arab. 

AR'A-HIC, (1. lielonging to Arabia, or the language of its 

AR A-IU€, n. The angnace of the Arabians. 

A RAH I-€"AL-LV, aili\ In the Arabian manner. 

AR'.'\-B1SM, H. An Arabic idiom or peculiarity of language. 

AR'A-BIST, n. One well versed in Arabic literature. 

AR'A-III.E, a. [L. nm.] Fit fur plowing or tillage ; hence, 
oflen a iplied to land which has been plowcl. 

AR A ('V',7i. Arabia. .Mthon.. 

A-RAt'H NOID, a. [Or. apaT(yr] and ti^o?.] In anatomy, 
the i.rachnoid tunic, or arachnoid, is a semitranspareiit, 
thin membrane, which is spread over the brain and pia 

A-RAeM'NOlO, 71. A species n{ madrepore, found fossil. 

AR-.A CHOSIAN, a Designating a chain of mountains 
which divide Persia from India. 

AR-AM;M:D,or AR-UaIGi\', (ar-rane') 71. [Fr.] In/«r- 
tificaiton, the branch, return, or gallery of a mine. 

t A-RAI.*fc;', I!, t. 'I'd raise. Shak. 

AR-A Me' AN, a. Pertaining to Aram, a son of Shem, or to 
the Chaldeans. 

AR'A-Ml!«M, 71. An idiom of the Aramean, or Chaldee lan- 
guage ; a Chaldaism. 

A-RA NE-OUS, a. [\.. arnnrn.] Resembling a cobweb. 

t A-RA'TION, 7!. [L. «,o(in.] Plowing. 

♦ AR A-TO-RY, a. That contributes to tillage. 

AR-AU-CA'NI-AX, a. Pertaining to the ,\raucanians. Mo- 

XR'KA-I.IST, 7!. [Ij. arcus awdbalista."] A cross-bow. 

AR Ii \-MST-ER, 71. A cross-bowman. 

ARlil-'i'ER, 71. [L.] 1. .\ |)erson appointed, or chosen by 
parties in controversy, to decide their differences. 2. .A 
person who has the power of judging and determining, 
without control. 3. One that comniands the destiny, or 
ho) J the empire, of a nation or state. 

t AR "^I-TER, 7.'. f. To judge. Huloet. 

AR'BI-TRA-BLE, a. Arbitrary ; depending on the will. 

AR-IMT RA-MENT, n. 1. Will ; determination. 2. The 
awa-d of arbitrators. Coirel. 

XR'B I'RA-RI-LY, adr. By will only ; despotically ; ab- 
solv. t-ly. 

AR BI-TRA-RI-NESS, 77. The quality of being arbitrary ; 
despcticalness ; f ranny. 

f AR ni-TKS'RI-Ol .S, a. Arbitrary ; despotic. 

r AU-Itl-TKA RI-OUS-LY, adi: Arbitrarily. 

AR BI-TK.\-RV, a. [L. arbitrarius.] 1. Impending on will 
or discretion ; not governed by any fi.xed rules. "2. Des- 
potic •, alwolutc in power ; having no external control. 

AR BI-TRATE, r. i. [h. arbitror.] To hear and decide as 

.HR BI TRATE, f. t. To decide ; todetermine; tojudgeof. 

AR-BI-TRA TIOX, ti. 1. The hearing and determination 
of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or 
persons -h->sen by the parties. 2. A hearing' before arbi- 
trators, though they make no award. [ TAis is a common 
use ofllie word in the I'l^ted States.] 

AH'ni-TRA T«m, n. I. A |m rx.n cli<*<n by a party, or bv 
the (ifirlii'i) who linve n c'<iilr(ivrr»} , to di-li-riiiinc Ihei: 
dillirriireti. 'J. An arbiter, governor, or prii-ident. 3 
All ntliiirr ; one who Iiim tlie (Miwer uf deciding or pre 
HI nliintt williiiiit control, jlddi^im. 

AK III 1 RA''J Ul.\, n. A reiiinlc Judge. Shrrvovd 

All lll'l ItK MK.V'J', n. Ik-cl^ilon , coniproinlne. 

Ail III 'I'll i:.S.S, n. A female arbiter. 

AlliloU, 71. I. A frnnie of lattice work, covered witn 
viiieH, lirancheK of treeM, or other plantu, fur kliade ; a 
iHiwer. — 'J. Ill botany, a tree, a* dmtinguiiilii-d from a 
nlirub. — :i. In mr'hanui, tht princi{ial |nrt of a machine, 
NunlJiining the rest. 

AR'IID-UA KV, a. Il«-|f>ngiiig to a tree Diet. 

AII'IK i-KA-'l'i)K, 71. One wlio pluiilH or who prunes trees. 

All HollE-OL'H, a [L. arboreun.) Belonging to a tree ; r»- 
xeiiibling a tree j constituting a tree ; growing on trees 

AR ll<i Rl-St:KNT:E, 71. IL. artjm-tKco.] The figure of a 
tree ; the resemblanre of a tree in minerals, or cryslaliza- 
tion», or grou|)H of cryHtaln in that fonn. 

AK-lli)-|{l'>ii;i;.\'i', a. I. Resembling a tree ; liaving the 
figure of a tree ', dendritical. 2. From herbaceous becom- 
ing woody. 

AU 1HJ-RE.SCE.\T .STAR-FISH. A specie* ot a^teriiu, 
railed also caput Medusa. 

AU'IK >-llE'i', II. [It. arborelo.\ A small tree or shrub; a 
place planted or overgrown with trees. 

t AK-B(ik'l-€AL, a. Relating to trees. Ihtcel. 

All'IK )-I!IS'I', 71. One who makes trees bis study, or who is 
versed in the knowlpdge of trees. 

AR-ItOR-l-Z.A''i'IO.N, 71. The appearance or figure of a tree 
or plant in minerals or foesils. 

ARI!()h-IZK, r.i. To form the appearance of a tree of 
plant ill minerals. 

AR l!( iR-Vli\E, 71. A species of bind-weed. 

AR'BI t<-(JLE, 77. [L. ar4Mj(cii/i/j(.] A dwarf tree, in size 
between a shrub and a tree. 

AR-Bl,S CU-l.AR, a. Resembling a shrub; having the fig- 
ure of small trees. 

AR-BrsT'l\'E, a. Containing copses of trees or shrub*; 
covered with shrubs, liarlram. 

AR-BL'S'l'UiM, 7!. A copse of shrubs or trees ; an orchard. 

AR'BIITE, 71. [h. arbultui.] The strawix?rry-tree. 

.VR-BO'TE-A.N, a. Pertaining to the strawberry-tree. 

ARC, 71. [L. arru,".] In ^'fomftn/, any part of the circum- 
ference <if a circle, or curved line, lying from one point to 
another ; a segment, or part of a circle, not more than a 

AR-t'Al)E', 71. [Fr.] A long or continued arch ; a walk 
arched above. Johnson. 

AR-€J\ l)l-.\.\, ) a. Pertaining to Arcadia, a district in Pel 

.^R-C.A l)l€", \ oponnesus. 

AR-f-A'Dlc'.-^, 71. The title of a book in Pausanias, which 
treats of Arcadia. 

AR-Ca'DY, II. The country of Arcadia. .Vi7(on. 

.\R-f'A.\E , a. [L. arc anus.] Hidden; secret, [t. u.] 

.AR-CA'.NUM, n. [L.] .\ secret ; generally used in the plu- 
ral, arcana, secret things, mysteries. 

ARfc-BOL'TANT, 71. [Fr.] 'in building, an arched but- 

.^RCH, 71 {See Arc] I. A segment, or part of a circle. 
A concave or hollow structure of stone or brick, supported 
by its own cur\"e. 2. The space between two piers of a 
bridge, wlicn arched ; or any place covered with an arch. 
3. Any cur\r'ure, in form of an arrh. -1. The vault of 
heaven, or sky. — Triumphal arches are magnificent struc- 
tures at the e.itranceof cities. erected to adorn a triumph, 
and [Teriietu.nte the memory of the event. 

ARCH, 7-. f. To cover with an arch ; to form with a curve. 

AUCH, r. i. To make an arch or arches. Pope. 

.ARCH, u. [It. arrarf.] funning; sly; shrewd; waggish; 
mischievous for sport ; mirthful. 

ARCH, a. [used also in composition.] [Gr ap;fOf.j Chief, 
of the first class; princip.1l. t'hakspeare uses this word 
as a noun ; " .My worthy arch and patrons ;" but the use 
is not authorized. 

.\R'CHA-I?.M, 71. [Gr. ap;:^-aio{.] An ancient or obsolete 
phrase or e.xpression. 

t AR-fllA'IC, a. Old fashioned ; ancient. 

.\RCI1-A.\ t';EL, 7!. I. .An angel of the highest order; an 
angel occupying the eighth rank in the celestial hierarchy 
2. The name of several plant«, as the dead-nettle, or la 


ARCII-.\X-«.";EL le, a. Belonging to archangels. 

ARCH-APOSTATE, n. A cliief apostate. 

ARCH-APOSTLE, 71. The chief apostle. 

ARCH-ARCll'l TECT, r. The Supreme Architect. 

ARCH-Bl':.\ eoN, 71. The chief lieacon, place of prospect, 
or signal. 

.\RCI1-BIPH OP, 71. A chief bishop; a church dignitaiy of 
the first class ; a inetnip<ilitan bishop, who superintends 
the conduct of the sulTrapan bishops, in his province, and 
also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese. 

• Ste Sunopsis. i.E,! o, 0, ■?, long FAR, F^LL, \VH.^T ;— PREY ;— PIN, MARtNE, BIRD ;— t OksoleU 


VTlCll-BISII OP-RTG, n. The jurisdiction, place, or prov- 
ince of an archbishop. 

A.U(,lI-flOTCH ER, n. The chief botcher, or mender, ironi- 
cailt/. Corbet. 

ARC'II-BILUER, j "• ^^'"^"^ builder. Harmar. 
\R(;H-mJT'LER, n. A chief butler ; an ofllcer of the Ger- 
man empire, vvlio presented the tup to the emperor, on 
solemn occasions. 
ARCH-CHAM'BER-LAIN, n. A chief chamberlain; an 

officer of the Gennan empire. 
ARCH-CHAN CEL-LOR,n. A cliief chancellor ; an officer 
in tlie German empire. 

AKCll-CIIANT ER, n. The chief chanter, or president of 
•lie chanters of a churcli. 

ARCH-€HEM'ie, a. Of supreme chemical powers. 

ARCfieON SPIR'ATOR, n. Principal conspirator. 

ARCH-€OLJNT', n. A chief count j a tille formerly given 
to the earl of Flanders. 

AUCH-€RIT'1C, 11. A chief critic. 

AttCH-UAI:"I-FKR, n. An officer in th» German em- 

ARCH Dk.A'CON, (arcl>-dG'kn) ti. [See Deacon.] In Eng- 
land, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a 
bishop, who has jurisdiction either over a part or over the 
whole diocese. 

ARClJ-Dic.^'t'O.V-RY, 71. The office, jurisdiction, or resi- 
dence of an archdeacon. 

AiiCII-Ur:A'_eO.\-SHIP, n. The ofTice of an archdeacon. 

AliCM-Dl-VlXE', n. A principal theologian. 

ARCll-DRO'lU, n. A chief druid, or poatilf of the ancient 
dF^.ids. Jfcnry. 

ARCH DO'CAL, a. Pertaining to an archduke. 

ARC'HDIJCirE.S.S, 71. A title given to the females of the 
house of Austria. 

ARCII-DUCIl'Y, 71. The territory of an archduke or arch- 
duclii-ss. jlsh. 

ARCH-DOKE', 71. A title given to princes of the of 

ARCH-DOKE'DOM, 71. The territory or jurisdiction of an 
archduke or archduchess. 

ARCIl'ED, pp. Made witli an arch or curve ; covered with 
an arch. 

ARCH-EV'E-MY, ti. A principal enemy. Jtliltov. 

Ai{-€HE-O-L0G'I-eAL, a. Pertaining to a treatise on an- 
tiquity, or to the knowledge of ancient things. 

AR-eilE-OL'O-GY, 71. [Gr. apxaioi and X'jyo;.] A dis- 
course on anti'piity ; learning' or knowledge which re- 
spects ancient times. Panapli-it. 

KRCH'ER, 71. [Sp. arc hero ; It. arcicro ; Fr. archer.] A 
bowman ; one who uses a bow in battle ; one who is 
skilled in the use of the bow and arrow. 

KIU.'II ERESS. 71. A female archer. Markham. 

tUCIl'E-RY 71. The 'ivi of the Iiotz and arrow ; the prac- 
tice, art, or skil of arciivrs ; the act of shooting with a 
bow and arrow. 

XRCIl'ES-€oL'RT, in Kn<:land, so called from the church 
of .St. Mary Ic bow, (dr, arcuhus,) whoso top is raised of 
stone pillars built archwise, where it was anciently held, 
is a coirt of appeal, in the ecclesiastical polity, belonging 
to the archbishop of Canterbury. 

AReHE-Tt-PAE, a. Original; constituting a model or 

mt'CHE-TYPE, 71. [Gr. apxcrvvov.] ]. The original pat- 
tern or model of a work ; or the model from which a 
thing is made.— 2. .Among mintrrx, the standard weight, 
by which others are adjusted.—;!. Among Platvni.<<ts, the 
archrtijpal world is the world as it existed in the idea of 
(Jod before the creation. 

AR-eill":'US, 71. [Gr.apxi, beginning, or ap^o^, a chief; 
W. erehi.] A term used by the ancient cbemisLs, to de- 
note the internal efficient cause of all things. 

ARCH riU/0\, 71. A chief felon. Mlton. 

ARCH EIK.M) , (arch-feend') n. A chief fiend or foe. 

AKCII I'l.AM l'..V, 71. A chief flamen or priest. 

AI!CIM'I_,ATTER-ER, 71. A chief flatterer. 

ARCII-KoE', n. A grand or cliief enemy. 

AKCIM'OIJND'ER, ,1. A chief foiiiirtrr. Milton. 

AUCII-(;6V'ERN-OR, 71. The chief governor. 

AR(MI-1II;R'I;-SY, 71. The greatest heresy. Butler. 

ARCH-lli;R'f;-TI€, 71. A chief heretic. Shnk. 

ARCH-III E-REY, 71. [Gr. ap^pi and irpof.] A chief priest 
in Russia. Tooke. 

ARCH-HYP oeRITR, 71. A great or chief hypocrite. 

imDIl'I-A-TER, 71. [Or. apxoi and utrpoi.] Chief physi- 
cian ; a word used in Russia. Tooke. 

/JRCIM-eAL, «. Chief; primary. llaUytrell. 
•RCHI-DI-Ae'O-NAL, a. [Sec Dbacos.] Pertaining to 
an archdeacon. 

/»R-eill-E-PIS'eO-PAL, <7. nelnnging to an archbishop. 

aRCII IE, 71. A lichen which grows <in rock«. 

aR-CHI l.oCHI-AN, a. Pertaining to Archilochus, the 
poet, who invented a verse of seven feet. 

^ ARC 

ARCH I-MA-GUS. n. The high o.-iest of the Persian marl. 
or worshippers of fire. 

AR-CHI-MANU'RITE, n. In cAurcA history, a chief of the 
'"^"''"'es or monks, answering lo abbot in Europe. 

'^SJ'iJrK'-r'''^- '■"'•minganarch; covering with an arch 

ARCH INf^, a. Curving like an arch. 

ARtH-I-PEL A-UO, n. [Authors are not agreed as to the 
origin of tlus word. Some suppose it to be composed of 
apxof, chief, and irtAayof, sea; others, of Aiyaiof an<* 
ntXayoi, the Egean sea.] In a general sense, a sea inter 
spersed with many isles ; but particularly, tlie sea wlurh 
separates Europe from Asia, otherwise called the Eeeati 

XR'eill-TEeT, 71. [Gr. af))(;o5 and Ttitruv.] I. A penioa 
skilled in the art of building ; one who understands ar- 
chitecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and 
designs of buildings, and superintend the nrtificcrs ein 
ployed. 2. A contriver ; a former or maker. 

AR-CIII-TEeT'lVE, a. Used in building; proper foi 

AR-CHl-TEeT-O.VIC, a. That has power or skill to build 

t AR-eHI-TEeT-0.\'I-€AL, a. Having skill in archilcrl 

AR Clir-TEeT-ON I€S, 71. The science of architecture 

AR-CHI-TEer RES8, 71. A female architect. 

AR-CHI-TE€T'U-RAL, a. Pertaining to the art of build 
iiig ; that is according to the rules of architecture. 

ARCHI-TEeT-L'RE, n. [L. archilectura.] 1. The art cf 
building ; but iii a more limited and appropriate .fen-sr, the 
art of constructing houses, bridges, and other building.s, 
for the purposes of civil life. 2. Frame or structure.— 
.Military architiclure is the art of fortification. — J^''ai;al 
archittelure is the art of building ships. 

-KReHI-TRAVE, 71. [Or. af/;^-)?. and \l.trave.] In archi- 
tecture, the lower division of an 'ntablature, or that part 
which rests immediately on the column. In chimneys, 
the architrave is called tlie mantle-piece ; and over doors 
and windows, the hyperlhyrion. 

.\R'eilI-VAL, a. Pertaining to archives or records: con- 
tained in records. Tuokc. 

.\R'eHI-V.\UI.T, 71. In building, the inner contour of an 
arch, or a band adorned with moldiniis, running over 
the faces of the arch-stones, and bearing ujion the im- 

AR'eiirVE?, 71. p/«. [Gr. apxttov; Eow E. archirum ; Fr 
archires.] The apartment in which records are kept ; al 
so, the records and papers which are jireservt-d, as evL 
dences of facts. 

AR eill-VlST, 71. [Fr. and It.] The keeper of archives or 

ARCH'LIKE, fl. Rnilt like an arch. Yourxr. 

ARCH'LUTE, or ARCH'I-EL'TE, ». [ft. arciletUo.] A 
large lute, a theorbo, the base strings of which' are 
doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a 

ARCH'LV, adv. Phrewdiv ; wittily ; jestingly. 

AKCH-MAOI'iCIAN, 71. the chief magician. 

AltCH-MARi^JJI.AL, «. The grand marshal of the German 

ARCH-MOCK', 71. Principal mockery or jest. Shnk. 

ARt^H'.NESS, 71. Cunning ; shrewdness ; waggishness. 

AR'CHO.V, 71. [Gr. o^.-yw. ; Tlie archons in Greece were 
cliiif niagistr.ites, ciiosen to superintend civil and reli- 
gicMis concerns. They were nine in number. F.ncyr. 

AR nil i.\ SHIP, 77. Tiie office of an archon ; or tlie term 
of his office. Milford. 

ARCHON TICS, '71. In church history, a bianrh of Ili« 
Valentinians, who held that the world was not created 
by God, but by angels, nrchonte.i. 

ARCH-PASTOR, n. Chief pastor, the Shepherd and Bishop 
of our souls, llorrotr. 

ARCH-PHI-I,OS() PHER, n. A chief philosopher. 

ARCH-PII/LAR, 71. The main pillar. Jlarmar. 

ARCH-Po'ET, n. The principal poi't. 

ARCII-POL-I-TI CIAN, 71. An eminent or distinguUlied 
politician. Bacon. 

ARCH PO.VTIFF, 71. A supreme poiitilTor priest. Burke. 

* ARCH PR|~ LATE, 71. [.Sec PniiAXE.] The rhi.f prelate 

ARCH-PRE.^'BY-TER, 71. A chl.f presbvfer or piicst. 

ARCH-PRI>:BY-TER-\', ti. The absolute dominion of 
presbyterv, or the chief presbvtery. 

AliCII I'Rii.ST', TI. .V chief priest. F.neve. 

ARCII-PKI .MATE,, 71. The chief primate ; an nrcbblshnp. 

ARCH-PKOl'll ET, 71. Chief prophet, tfarton. 

ARCIM'RoT E.^T.V.NT, n. .1 principal or disllnjulslicd 

ARCH-Prn 1,1 CAN, n. The distinguished publican. 

ARCHKEU'EE, 71. 'Iha chief rebel. Milton. 

ARCH-TRAI TOR. ». A traitor. 

ARCH TREA!*i;u ER, (arrh-trezh'-ur-cr) ti. The gretl 
treasurer of the German empire. 

ARCH-TKEAS I'K-EK^HIP, ti. The office of orchtreasur- 
cr. Collins' Peerage. 

* Sae Synopsis. MOVE, BQQK, DOVE;-ByLL,UNITE.— €aB K; fiaa J SaaZ CH as SH- THa«lnr*u. 

ARE 50 

ARCH TVHANT, n. A principal or Rrcat 'yrant. Ifall. ] 

AKCll VILLAIN,". A rliicfdr (Jreiil villain. i 

■\\U\\ VIL LA NV, n. (JmU villuiiy. | 

f AlU'll W U'K', «• A wife in Uio liiglirr miik of (ocletjr. 

Alien VV'li*!'., nilr. In the form iif an orrh. 

f AIU'II'Y. a. In llio form of an nrcli. I'lirlhrnria Sarra. 

I AK<'rr k-Ni;N'l', «. [L. arnlrnm^.] How liruring. Ptft. 

AUC TATIO.N.or A Ktl'T I T I ' 1 ) K, ri. JL. arctuji.] I'rrler 
nntnral alrnightneaa ; cunRtlpnllon (rum Inllaiiimatiun. 

AHC'TIC, 0. [fir. aMTOV.] NorJhrm ; prrlnlninn to the 
norllii'rn coiiHlt-IIalion railed tlir Hear; as, tin- arrdc fiolr. 
— 'l'li« arctic r.ircle i» a Icwtcr rirclr, parnll'-l lo tlic equa- 
tor, 'Zf Oa friiiii tlie north pole. 'J'hi» and llio anlarclk 
rirrle are called the polar circles, and v.itliin these He the 
frigid zones, 

ARC-TCRnf, V. [t;r. ap«rof and oupi.] A fixed star of 
the first magniliiile, in the con!<telIulioi> of Ilootiw. 

AR'CU-A'l'K, a. [Ij. arcuatus.] Itt-nl or ;urvcd in the form 
of a bow. 

♦ ARCU-A TILK.fl. Rent. Diet. 

'\U-CUA''ri<)N, 71. I. 'I'lic art of bending ; incurvation ; 
the state of brine b«mt ; curvity ; ci nokedness ; great 
convfiily of the thorax. 2. A method of raising trees by 
layers -, that in, by beiidini; hraiiches Li the ground, and 
covn ng the small shiMits with earth. 

AR'CU HA-Llt^'J', n. [L. arcus and b^llHa.] A cross- 

AR-CC-HAMSTER, n. A cross-bowman ; one who used 
the arbalist. 

.XRD, ,'lio termination of many English word.a, is the Ger. 
art, i'\>ec\es, kind ; Sw. and Dan. art, mode, nature, 
genius, form. We observe it in OoiWurrf, a divine tem- 
per ; OiJ'ard, a disposition to give, lilierality ; Bernard, 
filial affection ; standard, drunkard, dotard, tt.c. 

XR'UEN-CY, n. [L. ardens.] Warmth of passion or affec- 
tion ; ardor ; eagerness. 

AU'DE.N'T, a. 1. Hot; burning; that causes a sensation 
of burning. 2. Having the appearance or quality of fire ; 
fierce. 3. Warm, applied to the passions and affections ; 
passionate : aflectionate ; much engaged ; zealous. 

AR'l>l'.NT-LY, adD. With warmth; affectionately; pas- 

AR UENT-NESS, 71. Ardency. 

AR'DERS. n. Fallowings or plowings of grounds. Orose. 

AR'IKJR, n. [L.] 1. lieal, in a literal sense. 2. Warmth, 
or heat, applied to the passions and affections; eager- 

t AR-00'I-TY, ;i. Height, difficulty. Vict. 

ARDD-OUS, a. [L. arduas.} I. High, lofty, in a literal 
sense 2. Difficult ; attended with great labor, like the 
ascending of acclivities ; as, an arduous employment, 
task, or enterprise. 

XR'DU-OUS-LY, adv. In an arduous manner ; with labo- 

AR'DU-fJUS-NESS, n. Height; difficulty of execution. 

ARE. tir) The plural of the substantive verb to be. 

ARE, n [L. area.] In French measure, the new square 
perch containing a hundred sijuare metres. 

A-RE, (T AL-A-MtRE'. The lowest note, except one, in 
Guido's scale of music. 

JIRE-A,n. [li.] 1. Any plain surface, as the floor of a 
room, of a church or other building, or of the ground. 2. 
The space or site on which a building stands ; or of any 
inclosiirc. — 3. In ircumc(ri/, the superficial contents of any 
figure , the surface included within any given lines ; .is, 
the ar<a of a square or a triangle. — 4. Among physuiaiLS, 
baldness ; an empty space ; a bald space produced by 
alopecy ; also a name of the disease. — 5. In mining, a 
compass of ore allotted to diggers. 

rA-RicAD, or t A-REED, v.t. [Sax. aredan.] To coun- 
sel ; to advise. Spenser. 

A'RE-AL, a. Pertaining to an area. Barton. 

A-REEK , adn. In a reeking condition. Swift. 
AR-E-FACTION n. [l.. arcfacio.] The act of drying , the 

state of growing dry Bacon. 
AR'E-F?, f. t. To dry or make dry Bacon. 
t RF. \A, 71. [L. sand.] 1. An open spare of ground, 
Mrewed with sand, on which the gladiators, in ancient 
Rome, exhibited shows of fighting for the amusement of 
sport.itors. Hence, a for public exhibition. — 2. 
Among ;iA>;..iri,uu-.-, sand or gravel in the kidneys. 
*R-E-NA'(;Eors, a. 1. Sandy ; having the properties of 

snnd. 2. Rrittlc. 
\JR-E-N.\ TloN, ?i. Among phv^icians, a sand bath; a 

spiinkling c.t hot sand upon a diseased person. 
S-REX'DALITE, n. In miHcrato^y, another name of fpi- 

dote, or pislacite. 
AR-END.A TOR, ». [Russ. arenda.} In Lironia, and other 

pr.-.vinces of Russia, a farmer of tlie farms or rents. 
>.-RKN-I-LIT'ie, a. [I- flrrnn, and Gr. X(0o;.] Pertaining 
lo sandstone ; consisting of sand stone. 


AU'lUNors' j°- f^ani'^i full of sand. JohnJoh. 

t A ItE.N IM/>UH, a. Pull of small sand. 

AH'KoLi;, or AK Kf)'i,A, n. [L.) 'ihe colored cJrds 
round till- nipple, or round a pustule. 

AR-E O.M'E'TER, 71. [Gr. apaiof and /icrpcw.] An instm- 
inMit for measuring the spi-iiflc gravity i.f lipiids. 

Alt E O .MK'I'RI <AI,. a. rertalninf to an arrom<ter. 

AK l>O.M E-'J'RV, n. The nie.-uuring or act of iiieaiturlog 
the specific irnTily of fluids. 

AK-E-Oi'-A-OlT'lC, 0. I'erlalning to the Areopogus. Mil- 

All EoP'A CITE, (are-op'-a-jite, fTalker.) n. A mem- 
b<-rofthe Ar<?>ifngns. 

AR-E-<)I''.\-<;L'.'^, n. (Gr. Afiiit and iroyof.] A soyerrign 
IribunnI at Athens, funious for the justice and impanialiljr 
of its decisions. 

AR-E-OT'IC, a [Cr. apaiof.] Attenuating ; making thin, 
ns in liquids ; nirefyiiig. 

AR-E-(*'I''I<.;, n. A medicine which altcnnatm the humoni, 
dissolves vixcidily, opens the pi<res, and increases perspl- 
mtion ; an atlenuant. Coze. 

AR E-T(JI,t>CY, 71. (Gr. aptr77and Aoyof.l That part of 
moral philonoptiy which treats of virtue. [Little used.] 

aII'(;AI,, 71. I'nrefined or crude tartar, a subalance adher- 
ing to the sides of wine casks. 

AR-gk A\, a. Pertaining to Argo or the Ark. 

AR't'JE.NT, 71. [L. arirenlum.] I. The white color in coat* 
of arms, intended to represent silver, or fmrity, inno- 
cence, beauty, or gentleness. — 2. a. f^ilvery ; of a pale 
white, like silver. Johnson, '.i. a. Bright. Hope. 

AR-OE.\T'.\L, a. Pertaining to silver ; eoiuiisting of sli- 
ver ; containing silver. Cleavetand. 

AK'GEN-'I'ATE, ti. A combination of the argentic acid 
with another substance. 

.AR-GE.N-TA'Tli )N, n. An overlaying with silver. 

AR GE.NT-HORNEI), a. Silver-horned. 

ARGENT I€, n. Pertaining to silver. 

AR-GE.\-TIF ER-OU.S, a. [L. atgcntum.] Producing iiJ- 
ver. K&iean. 

AR-GEN-TI'NA, ) n. In ichthvologti, a genus of fishes o( 

AR'GE.N-TLNE, ( the order of abdominals. — ^rgertlinaiB 
also a name of the wild tansy, silver-weed. Coze. 

AR'GEiN'-TINE, a. Like silver; pertaining lo silrer, ot 
sounding like it. Johnson. 

AR'GEN-'l'INE, n. In mineralogy, a sub-species of carboa 
ale of lime, nearly pure. 

t AR'GE.NT-RY, 7/. Materials of E'lver. Hovel. 

.^R'GIL, n. A siwcies of the ardea, or genus of cranes. 

.IR'GIL, n. [1j. argilla.] In a general itn^e, clay, or pot 
ter's earth ; but in a technical setise, pure clay, or alu 

AR-gIL-La'CEOL'S, a. [h. argUlaceus.] Partaking of the 
nature of clay ; clavey ; consisting of argil. 

AR-GIL-LIF'£R-OL'S, a. [L. ar^i/fa and /cro.] Producing 

AR'GIL-LITE, n. Argillaceous shist or slate ; clay-<lat« 

AR-6IL-LIT'ie, a. Pertaining to arpillite. 

AR-GII^LOCAL'CTTE, 71. [L. arf,//a and ca:z.] .\ spe- 
cies of calcarious earth, with a large proportion of clay. 

AR-GIL-LO-MU'RITE, n. [L. argilla.] A species of earth, 
consisting of magnesia, mixed with silei, alumine, aixi 
lime ; a variety of magnesite. 

AR-GIL'LOI'S, (J. Consisting of clay; clayey; partaking 
of clay; belonging to clay Brown. 

AR'GIVE, a. Designating what belongs to Arpos, the 
capital of Argolis in Greece, whose inhabitants were 
called Argiri. 

.AR GO, 71. The name of the ship which carried Jason and 
his fiftv-four companions to Colchis. 

AR'GO-NA'VIP, the ihip Argo, is a constellation in the 
southern hemisphere. 

AR<J5'A.\, a. Pcrt.iining to the ship Argo. Faier. 

AR-GOL'I€, a. Belonging to Argolis. 

AR-GOL'IC?, 71. The title of a chapter in Pausanias, which 
treats of Argolis. 

ARGO-NAIT, 71. [Gr Ap)(.i and varn;?.] One of the per- 
sons who sailed to Colchis with Jason, in tlie Argo, in 
quest of the golden f5eece. 

AR-GO-.\ALT'A, ti. A genus of sheU-fish, of the order of 
vermes testacra. 

ARGO .\AI:T le, a. Pertaining to the .Argonants. 

AR-GO-NAL'T'ICS, 71. A poem on the subject of the expe- 
dition of the .ArgonauLi. 

ARGO-SV, 71. [?p. Argos, Jason's ship.] .A large mer- 
chantman ; a carrac. ShaJc. 

AR'GUE, r. 1. [L. arguo.] 1. To reason ; to invent and 
offer re.isons to support or overthrow a proposition, opin- 
ion or measure. 2. To dispute ; to reason with ; follow- 
ed by leith. 

XR'GUE, r. t. 1. To debate or discuss ; to treat by reasoiv 
ing. 2. To prove or evince ; to manifest by inference of 

• Set S}fnopsis. A, E, I, 0, 0, Y lo:g FAR, FALL, WH^^T ,— PREY ;— PIN, MARINE, BIRD ;— f Ottelete. 

ARI g| 

"fiedurtlon, or to show reasons fur. 2. To persuade by 
teasons. 4. Formerly, to accuse, or charge vvilli ; a Latin 
.lensCy now obnolete. Dryden. 

XR'GUKD, p?. Debated ; discussed ; evinced ; accused. 

AR'GU-KR, n. One who argues ; a reaso'ner ; a disputer ; 
a contri'vertist. 

kR'iiU-lNG, ppr. Inventing and offering reasons; disput- 
ing; discussing; evincing; accusing. 

XR'Gu-IaVG, «. Reasoning; argumentation. 

JlR'GU-iMKNT, n. [I.. arirumeiUum.] 1. A reason offered 
for or against a proposition, opinion, or measure ; a reason 
ntfered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind. 
— 2. In logic, an inference dniwn from premises, whicli 
are indisputable, or at least of probable truth. 3. The 
subject of a discourse or writing. Miltuu. 4. An abstract 
or summary of a book, or the heads of the subjects. 5, A 
debate or discussion ; a series of reasoning. — (i. In astron- 
omy, an arcli by which we seek another unknown arch, 
proportional to tlie first. 

f AR'GU-M KNT, v. i. To reason ; to discourse. Gover. 

AB-GU-MENT'A-BLE, a. That may be argued. Dr. Ckal- 

AR-GU-MENT'AL, a. Belonging to argument; consisting 
in arguKtent. Pope. 

AR-GU-ME.NT-A'TIO\, n. Reasoning; the act of reason- 
ing ; the act of inventing or forming reasons, making in- 
ductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the 
cajs in discussion. 

AR GU-MENTA-'IIVE, a. 1. Consisting of argument ; 
containing a process of reasoning. 2. showing reasons 

AR-GU-MENT'A-TIVE-LY, adv. In an argumentative 
manner. Taylor. 

t AR'GU-MENT-IZE, v.i. To debate. 

tXR'GU MENT-I-ZER, n. One who debates or reasons. 

•IR'GUS, n. A fabnious being of antiquity, said to have had 
a hundred eyes, placed by Juno to guard lo. 

AR'GtJS-.'>llEMj, n. A species of [(orcflain-shcll, beautiful- 
ly variegated with spots. 

t AR-GU TATI0N,7i. [U. argutatio.] Debate ; cavil ; dis- 

AR-GOTE', a. [L. arguttLs.] Sharp; shriU ; witty. [Little 

AR-GOTE'NESS, n. Acuteness ; wittiness. [Little ascd.] 

X'RI-A,n. [It.] An air, song, or tune. 

.\'RI-AN, a. Pertaining to Arias, or his doctrines. 

X'RI-AN, 71, One who adheres to the doctrines of Arins. 

X'RI-AN-ISM, n. The doctrines of the Arians. 

X'R!-AN-r7.E, V. i. To admit the tenet-s of the Arians. 

AlVW,a. [L. aridus.] Dry; exliausted of moisture ; parch- 
ed with neat. 

.\R'I-DAS, II. A kind of taflety, from the East Indies. 

A-RIDI-TY, ( 71. 1. Dryness; a state of being without 

AR ID-NESS, j moisture. 2. A dry state of the body ; 

X'RI-E», H. [I,.] The Ram, a coRstetlation of fixed stars ; 
the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac. 

•f AR'I-E-TATE, v. i. [L. iiricto.] To butt, as a ram. 

AR-I-E-Ta'TION, 71. 1. The act of hutting, as a ram. The 
act of battering with the aries or baltoring ram. 2. The 
act of striking or conflicting. [Rurely vxeil.l 

AR-I-ET'TA, 71. [It.] A s?iorl song; an air, or little 

.\ RTGHT', air. [Sax. geriekt.] Rightly ; in a right form ; 
without mistake orcnme. 

AR'lL, or A-RIL'Lt'S, 71. The exterior coat or covering 
of a seed, fixed to it at the base only. 

.SR IL-LA-TEl), j a. Having an exterior covering, or aril, 

AR'II.TJ'.D, ( as coflee. F.vcuc Eaton. 

AR'I-MAN, AR'I-MA, or AII'RI MAN, ». [Per. ahnman.] 
The evil genius or demon nftlie Persians. 

AR-I-(» l,A TION, or IIAR-I-O-L.a'TION, n. [L. arto?«-s, 
or hnriolu.t.] A soothsaying ; a foretelling. BroirTi. 

AR-I fVSO, ft. [It.] Light; airy. Rut, according to Rmis- 
ncau, applied to music, it denotes a kind of melody bor- 
dering on lite majestic !»tyle of a capital air. 

A-RtSl'.', 7'. J. pret. ; pp. arisen: (a-rize', h-tSt.c', 
a-rKzn') [Sax. arisan.] I. To a!»cend, mount up, or move 
lo a higher place. 2. To einrrge from below the horiron. 
3. To get ont of bod ; lo leave the place or stnte of rest ; 
or to leave a sitting or lying posture. -1. To begin ; to 
spring up ; to originate. .'>. To rcvi\T from death ; to 
leave the graw. ti. To begin to art ; to exert power ; to 
move from a state of inaction. 7. To appear, or become 
known ; to become visible, sensible or operative. 8. To 
be put in moticm ; to swell or be acitatrd. i). To invade, 
av-janlt or begin hostility ; followed by nt^ninH. 

A UX^'ISC. ppr. Ascending ; inovin;; upward ; originating 
or proceeding ; getting up ; springing up ; appearing. 

A-Rl.'^T'A, 71. [L.] In botany, awn, the long, pointed l»eard, 
which issues from lli« husk, or scaly flower cup Oi the 
grasses, called the glume, Milne. 


AR-IS-TXR'eilY, ji. [Gr. np«rrof and apxi-] A body of 
good men in power, or government by eicelleiil meu 

AR-lS-Toe'R.\-CY, 71. [Gr. afiaro; and Kpartu.] A form 
of government, in which the whole supreme |»ower ia 
vested in tlie principal persons of a stale. 2. A few 
men distiiiKuished by their rank and opulence. 

A'lUS-TO-CRAT. ti. One who favors an aristocracy in prin- 
ciple or practice Burke. 

A-RlS-TOeRAT'ie, \ a. 1. Pertaining to aristocracy. 

A-RI.S-TO-CRAT'I-CAL, j 2. Partaking of ari.-^lt>cracy. 

A-RIS-TO-€RAT'I-eAL.-LY,ado. In an aruilocratical man- 

A-RIS-TO-CRAT I-GAL-XESS, n. The quality of being 

AR-lS-TO€ RA-TY, 7(. The same as aristocracy. BurUn 

AR-IS-TO-TIC LI-.\N, a. Pertaining to Aristotle. 

AR-IS-lXi-TE'LI-AN, n. A follower of ArisUitie, who 
founded the sect of Peripatetics. 

AR IS-TO-TELI-AN-ISM, 71. The philosophy or doctrine* 
of Aristotle. 

AR-IS-TO-TEL'I€, a. Pertaining to Aristotle or to his phi- 

*AR'ITII-.MAN'-CY, 71. [Gr. ap<9fio{ and /lavrcta.] Divin.i- 
tion or the foretelling of future events by the use or obser- 
viKion of numbers. 

A-RITH'MF;TI€, «. [Gr. apiS^ijrjm?.] The science of num- 
bers, or th«? art of computation. 

AR-ITII-MET'IG, I a. Pertaining to arithmetic ; ac- 

AK ITJI-M ET'I-€AL, ) cording to the rules or method of 

AR 1TH-MET'I-€AL-LY, adv. According to the rules, 
principles or method of arithmetic. 

A-Rrril-ME-TI"CIAN, 71. One skilled in arithmetic, or 
versed in the science of nunilfers. 

XRK, 71. [FY. arclie i L. area.] 1. A small, close vessel, 
chest or coffer, such as that which was the repository of 
the tables of the covenant among the Jews, 'i'he vessel 
in which Moses was set afloat u(H)n the Isile was an ark 
of bulruSlies. 2. The large, floating vessel, in which 
Noah and his family were preserved during the deluge. 
;t. A depository. 4. A large used on American riv- 
ers, to transport produce to market. 

XRK TTE, 71. A term used by Bryant to denote on", of the 
persons who v/erc prcsiTved in tlie ark ; or who, acconl- 
ing to pagan fables, lielonged to the ark. 

ARK'ITE, a. Belonging to the ark. Bryant. 

XRKTI-ZITE, or AUt'TI-ZITE, 71. A mineral, now caUed 

XRM, 71. [Sax. arTTi, cottti ; D. G. Sw. Dan. ar7n ; L. ar- 
vius.] 1. The limb of the human body, which extends from 
the shoulder to the hand. 2. The branch of a tree, or llie 
slender part of a machine, projecting from a trunk or axis. 
3. A narrow inlet of water from the sea. 4. Figurative ■ 
1x1, iK)wer, might, strength ; as the secular 07-771. 

ARM, r. t. [L. arTno ; Fr. armer ; Sp. arviar ; It. armare.\ 
1. 'i'o furnish or equip with weapons of oflcnse or de- 
fense. 2. To cover with a plate, or with whatever will 
add strength, force, or security. 3. To funii'^h with 
means of defense ; to prepare for resistance ; to fortify. 

A RM, 7'. i. To provide with .arms, weapons, or means of at- 
tack or resistance ; to take arm.s. 

AK-MA'DA, 71. [Sp.] A fleet of armed ships; a squadron 
The term is usually applied to the Spanish fleet, cilled 
the Invincible jJrHiaJu, consisting of 130 slii[)s, intended 
to act against England in the reien of Eliz.ibeth. 

AR-MA-DIL'LO, 71. [Sp.l A quadruped [x-culiar to yVmerl- 
ca, called also tatoo, and in zoology, the dasupus. 

XR'AIA-MENT, 71. [L. armojHC/ita.J A body of forces equip 
f)ed for war ; tised of a land or naval force. 

AR-MA-MEi\T'.V-RY, n. An armory ; a magazine tr 
arsenal. [Rarely used.] 

AK'M A TURE, 71. [L. armatura.] 1. Armor ; tliat which da 
fends the body. —2. In ancient mi/ifnri/nrf, an exercise per 
formed with missive weapons, as diris. speamnnd arrow* 

AR'MAN, 71. .\ confection for n-.storing appeUte in horee« 

ARMED, pp. 1. Furnished with weapons of ofTenne or d«- 
fense ; furnished with the means of security ; fortified, in 
a moral sense.— ^. In heraldry, armed is when the be.akf, 
talons, horns, or trelli of N-asis and birds of prey are of a 
diflerent color from the rest of the body. 3. Capped and 
rased, as the load stone ; that Is, set In iron. 

ARMKIMII MR, II. An elbow chair 

AR-Mk'M AN, "• IVrt.nining to Armenia. 

AR-Mk'NIAN, 71. A native of Armenia, or the langnagtof 
the country. 

j*r7iifwinn bole is a species of clny ftnm Armenia, and fooMI 
in other cnintries. 

Jtrmenian stone, a soft blue stone, consisting of calcariooi 
earth or gypsum, with ttie oxyd of copper. 

t AR-MENT'AI., j a.[I,. ar77irn(nfi.».] Hplonsing toadrort 

t AR-MKNT'l.NE, i or herd of cattle. Diet. 

• See SynopsU MOVE, BQQK, DOVE ;— ByLL, UNITE.— Cna K , G at J ; » a» Z ; CU an SH ; TH as In tkU. t OittltU 




) Afl MRN-TOSW, <i. Alioiindlnp willi cnUle. Dul. 

AKMi; riMSSAN'l', <i. I'liwrrlul ill iiriiiH. h'eevcr. 

AK.M'I'l'l,, ;i An iiiiirli im tlie uriiifi oiiii liold. 

t A It AIM JAILS"!', II. Sli-iidrr, ilh llw; iiriii. Shuk. 

MlM'liril.i:, H I. 'I'lie ciivity iiiiiicr tliR Hlioiildrr, or tlie 
Kriiiplt. '.>. A liolu for tlic uriii In n carinciit. 

Alt Mitt Kit <lL.-<, a. [{..armigfr.] /,iffrii//i/. IxMrliiR nrmii. 
IIiil in firestnl u.iiijrf, armigtr In a lltln <if illeiiity iirxt In 
di'grcn to n kliiellt. Mrmiger \» Hlill ri'taiiici! Willi iin I15 ii 
mlo of rei|H!Ct, ucin^ Iho Latin word r(|Uiviilrnt to esi/mrr, 
wliirli KB. 

mi'MII^LA-RY, a. [I,, nrmitln.] Jlcsriiililiiig a bracelet, 
or rinp : conxlHtlng or rinpn or clrclrM. 

I AK'M1I,-LA-Tr.!), n. llaviiiR l.rarcl.w. 

A K M'l N(<, ;>;ir. I'^|ulp|iin|' with ariii.i -, jirovidiiig with the 
moans of defenHc or utliick, 

AKM'INfj'S, n. Tlio sanii! as traht clothn, hung about a 
KJilp'H upper works. Chambers. 

AR-MIN'IAN, a. I'crtainlng to Amilnlus, or designating hl.i 

AK-MIN'I.'\N, n. One of a Bpct or jiarly of Christians, no 
called from .\rmiiiius, or 

AR-MIN'IAN-IS.M, n. Tlie peculiar doctrines or tenets of 
the Arminians. 

AK-MIP'a-'ri;N(;K, n. [h. arma and poUntia.] Power in 
arms. John.inn. 

All .MIPO-TKN T, a. Powerful in arms. 

AR-MIS'O-NOUrf, ri. Souiidinn or ru.stliiiR in arms. 

AR'MIS-TICK, n. [L. arma and sisto : It. armisliet.] A 
cessation of arms, for a short time, liy convention ; a 
truce ; a tempontry sLJiiepsion of hostilities by agreement 
of the parties. 

ARMLESS, a. Without an arm ; destitute of weapons. 

ARM LET, n. A liule arm ; a piece of armor for the arm ; 
a bracelet. Drydtn. 

AR-MONI-AC, 71. A sort of volatile salt. See Ammojiiac. 

All'MOR, n. 1. Defensive arms ; any habit worn to protect 
the body in battle ; formerly called harness. Coal-armor 
is the escutcheon of a person or family. 

A11'.M()R-I1EAR-ER, n. Uue who carries the armor of 

KR MOR-ER, n. A maker of armor or arms ; a manufactur- 
er of instruments of war. 

AR-Mo'RI-AL, o. Pelonging to ariEor, or to the arms or 
escutcheon of a family. 

AR-MOR le, or AR-MOR'r-€AN, a. Ilesignating the north- 
western part of France, formerly called Jlrmorica. 

AR-MOR'ie. 71. The language of the Armoricans ; one of 
I he CVltic dialects. 

AR-MUR'ie.VN, 71. A native of Armorica. 

AR MOR-IST, 71. One skilled in heraldry. 

XR'MO-RY. 71. 1. A place where arms and instruments of 
war are aeposited. 2. Armor; defensive arms. 3. En- 
signs .innorial. 4. The knowledge of coal-armor ; skill in 

ARMPIT, 71. The hollow place under the shoulder. 

ARM#. 71. plu. [I-, arma ; Fr. nrme ; Sp. It. arma.'\ 
I. Weapons of offense, or armor for defense and protection 
of the body. 2. War ; hostility. 3. The ensicns armorial 
of a family. Fire arms are such as may be charged with 
powder, as cannon, muskets, mortars, &c. A stand of 
arms consists of a musket, bayonet, cartridge-box and 
belt, with a sword. — In falconry, arms are the legs of a 
hawk from the thigh to the foot. 

A R.M;<-E.\D, ti. At the end of the arms ; at a good distance. 

ARMS RE.VCH, n. Within the stretch of the arm. 

XR'MY. 71. [Ft. armic.] 1. A collection or body of men 
armea for war. 2. A great number ; a vast multitude. 

AR'.NOLD-IST, n. A disciple of Arnold of Brescia. 

AR'XOT, 71. A name of the huniiim, pignut or earthnut. 

.\R-NOTTO, 71. The anotta, which see. A\so. a tree so 

AR'NUT?, n. Tall oat grass. 

tA-ROIXT'. See Abovnt. 

A-R5'MA, ) 71. [Gr. apa/ia.] Tlie quality of plants which 

AR O-MA, ( constitutes their fragrance. 

AR 0-M.\T le, or AR-O-MAT I-€AL, a. Fragrant ; spicy ; 
stronc-scpnted ; odoriferous ; having an agreeable odor. 

AR-oMATIC, n. A plant which yields a spicy, fragrant 
smell, or a warm, punirent taste. 

ARO-MA-TITE, 71. A bituminous stone. Coze. 
AR-O-MAT-I-ZaTION, 11. The act of impregnating or 
scenting with aroma, or rendering aromatic. 

• A-RU M A-TTZE, r. t To impregnate with aroma ; to in- 
fuse an aromatic odor ; to give a spicy scent or taste ; to 

• A-RO'M.\-TIZEP,pp. Impregnated with aroma ; rendered 

• .A-RO'MA-TI-ZER, 71. That which communicates an aro- 
matic quality, y.rrlun 

• A-KO'MA-TI-ZING, ppr. Rendering spicy ; impregnating 
with an^ma. 

A-R(*>MA-1'<ii;f<, a. Contalnlni aroma, or tlie principl «< 

AROI'll, n. 1. A name by which n.-ilTriin ii suinetiuea 

called. 'J. A clieiiiicul pi<;|i:iraliiiii of I'aructlrUN, forineii 

by Kubliiiiution fruiii ci|uuJ i|uaiilitici> of htmaiut uii<l »al 

amm iiiiuc. 
AUritfK'. The jiaiit or preterit tcnue of the verb U> 

A-ROU.NI>', prep. I. About; on all side*; encircling-, rn 

coiiiii.'uuiing. 'i. In a luottr tente, from place tu place ; at 

A-ROL'.\lJ', add. 1. fn a circle; on every lidc. 2. In a Hcime, at random ; without any fixi-d ilin-clidn. 
AXWA'i RA, n. [tJr.l A (irccian mea.«ure of fifty fcrt. 
A ROU«E , (a-roii/.O "• '• '' o cicile into attion that whlcii 

in at rent : lo stir, or put in motion or cienion, thai wliicli 

is languid. 
.A-ROI.'K'KU, (a rou7.d'; pp. Excited into action ; put in ma- 

A-KDUK'LNT;, ppr. Putting in motion; Htirring ; exciting 

into action or exertion. 
A RoW, adv. In n row ; surcessively. 
t A-ROYiNT, adv. Ikj gone ; away Skak. 
AR-Pi;«!;'<!;IO, ti. [It.] The distinct sound of the notet of aa 

instrumental chord, accompanying the voice. H'clktr. 
AR'PENT, 71. [Kr. arpent.] A portion of land in France, 

ordinarily containing one hundred Hqiiure rods or perches, 

each of lU feet. But the arpent is dill'urent in ditlereat 

parts of France. 
AR aUE-BUSADE', ti. 1. A distilled liquor applied to ■ 

bruise. 2. The shot of an arquebuse. 
ARUUE-BUSE, or HARUUE-BL6E, ti. A hand gun ; a 

species of fire arms, anciently used, which was cocked 

with Q wheel. 
AR-at'E-BU-SlKR', n. A soldier armed with an an)|]»- 

fARR, TI. A mark made by a flesh wound, a cicatrice. 

t AR'R.Xj 71. [L. arrha, or arra.] A pledge. .Anderson. 
AR'R.-VC'H, 71. A plant. See Okrach. 
ARRACK', 71. Cimtracted into rack. A spirituous liqnor 

imported from the East Indies, which usually bears this 

name, is toddy, a liquor distilled from the juice of tlie cu- 

roa-nut tree, procured by incision. 
AR'R.A-GO-NTTE, n. In mineralogy, a species of carbonate 

of lime, but not pure. 
AR-R.aIGN', (ai rane')r. t. [Xorm.arrflTifr.] 1. Tocallorsel 

a prisoner at the bar of a court, to answer to the matter 

charged against him in an indictment or information. 

2. According to law icriters, lo set in order ; to fit for 
trial. 3. To accuse ; to charge Willi faults ; to coll before 
the bar of reason or taste. 

AR-Ra1GX , (ar-rSLne ) n. Arraignment ; as, clerk of the 

arraigns. Blackstone, 
ARRAIGX'EU, (ar-rind') pp. Called before a tribunal to 

answer, and elect triers ; accused ; called in question. 
AR-RaIGN'IXG, ppr. Calling before a court or tribunal; 

AR-RaIGX MEXT, far-r5ne'ment) 7i. [Norm, arresntmcnt, 

arraynement.] 1. The act of arraigning. 2. Accusation 

3. A calling in queijtion for fhults. 

t AR-R.aI'MEXT, It. Clothes ; garments. We now use rai 

•f AR'R.\XD, 71. The old word for errand ; message. Haw- 

AR-RaXGE', r.t. [Fr. arranger.] 1. To put in proper 
order : to dispose the parts of a whole in the manner in- 
tended, or besl suited for the purpose. 2. To adjust ; t» 
settle ; to put in order ; to prepare. 

AR-RaX(5'EI), (ar-raJijd') pp. Put in order ; disposed in the 
proper order ; adjusted. 

AR-RANCE'iME.NT, n. 1. The act of putting in proper or- 
der ; the state of being put in order ; disposition in suita- 
ble form. 2. That which is disposed in order ; system (if 
parts disposed in due order. 3. Pre|iaratory me.asure : 
previous disposition. 4. Final settlement ; adjustment 
by agreement. 5. Cl.Tssification of facts relating to a sub- 
ject, in a n'gular, systematic order. 

.\R-R.\.Nc; ER, 71. One that puts in order. 

AR-RaXC; IXG, ppr. Putting in due order or form ; ad 

.•VR R.VXT, a Notorious, in an HI sense ; infamous ; mere ; 

AR RAXT-LV, adr. Xotorionsly, ti> an ill sense ; infa- 
mously ; impudently ; shamefully. 

AR'R.AS", n. [from .Irras, in .-Xnois, where Ibis article 
is manufactured.] Tapestry ; hangings wove with fig 

t.^R-R.M'GIIT, n. Seized by violence. Spenser. 

AR-R.aY', 71. [Xomi. araie.] 1. Order; disposition in regu 
lar lines ; as an army in battle array. Hence, a posture 
of defense. 2. Dress; garments disposed in order upoo 
tlie person. Dryden. — .1. In /air, the act of impanneling* 
jury ; or a jury impanneled. 

• i$e Synopsis. X, fi, I, 0, f', V, Itnc —FAR, FALL, WHAT ,—PB6V ;— PIN, MARXNT:. BIRO ;— J Obsohte 


AR-BAY', r. t 1. To place or dispose in order, as troops for 
battle. 2. To deck or dress ; tc adorn with dress. 3. To 
set a jury in order for tlie trial of a tau.>e ; that is, to call 
tlieni man by man. Blackstone. 4. 'I'o envelop. 

Alt KaY'EO, (ar-rade') p-p. !~et in order, or in lines; ar- 
ranged in order for attack or defense ; dressed ; adorned 
by dress ; impanneled. 

AK-RAV'KK, 71. One who arrays. — \n EnnlUh history, nn 
ollicer who liad a commission of array, to put the soldiers 
of a county in a condition for military service. 

Ali-RAY'INli, Tppr. letting in order; putting on splendid 
raiment ; impanneling. 

f .AR-UliAll', ado. [Fr. aT-riereJ] Behind; at the hinder 
pait^ Sprnstr. 

AR-KkAR', n. That which is behind in payment, or which 
remains unpaid, though due. — In arrear, behind in pay- 

AR-REAR'AGE, n. Arrears ; any sum of money remaining 
unpaid, after previous payment of a part. 

f AR-RicAR'ANCK, n. The same with arrear. Diet. 

AR-RECT.or AR-REeT'ED, a. [L. arrectus.] Erect; at- 
tentive ; as a person listening. 

t AR-RECT', r. t. To raise or lift up. Skrlton. 

AR-REN-TA'-TION, 71. [i^p. arrendar.] U\ the. forest laws 
of England, a licensing the owner of land in a forest to 
inclose it with a small ditch and low hedge, in considera- 
tion of a yearly rem. Coxcel. 

AR-REP-TIi'TIOUS, a. [I., arrcptvs.] J.Pnatched away. 
'i. [ad and repo.] Crept in privily. Johnson. 

AR-REtJT', I'. (. [Er. arrtler.] 1. To oljstnict ; to stop ; to 
check or hinder motiiin. 2. To take, seize or appreliend 
by virtue of a warrant from authority. :i. To seize and 
Si. 4. To hinder, or restrain. 

AR-REST', n. 1. 'J'hetakingor apprehending of a person by 
virtue of a warrant from authority. 2. Any seizure, or 
taking by power, physical or moral. 3. A slop.hindcrance 
or restraint. — 4. In law, an arrest of judgment is the stay- 
ing or stopping of a judgment after verdict, for causes 
assigned. 5. A mangy humor between the ham and pas- 
tern of the hind legs of a horse. 

AR-REST-A TION, n. The act of arresting ; an arrest or 

AR-REST'ED, pp. Seized ; apprehended ; stopped ; hin- 
dered ; restrained. 

AR-REST'ER, or AR-REST'OR, 7i. One who arrests. 

AR-REST'INi;, /ipr. t^eiziiig ; staying; restraining. 

AR-REST'ME.NT, ri. In incuts iiur, an arrest, or detention 
of a criminal, til! he finds caution or surety, to stand 

AR-RET', »i. The decision of a court or council ; a decree 
published ; the edict of a sovereign prince. 

f AR-RET', V. t. To assign ; to allot. Spenser. 

f AR-RET'TEU, a. Convened before a judge, charged with 
a crime. 

t .\RRIDE', V. t. [L. arrideo.] To laugh at ; to well. 
Ben Jon son. 

ARRIRRE', (ar reer') n. The last body of an army ; now 
called rear, which see. — Arriere-ban, or ban and arriere- 
ban, a general proclamation of the French kings, by 
which not only tlieir immediate feudatories, but their vas- 
sals, were sununoned to take the lield for war. — Jirrierc- 
fee orfief. A fee or fief dependent on a superior fee, or a 
fee held of a feudatory. — Amere vassal, 'i'he vassal of a 

AR-RrVAL, n. 1. The coming to, or reaching a iilace,from 
a distance. 2. The attainment or gaining of any ob- 

t .AR-RPVANCE, ti. 1. Company coming. Shak. 2. Arrival ; 
a reaching in progress. Brown. 

AR-RIVE', r. i. [Fr. arriner.] 1. Literally, to come to the 
shore, or bank. Hence, to come to or reach in progress 
by water, followed by at. 2. To come to or reach by 
traveling oii land. 3. To reach a point by progressive 
motion ; to gain or compass by effort, practice, study, cn- 
«piiry, reasoning or experiment. 4. To happen or occur. 

t AR-RTVK' I'.l. To reach, ahak. 

,\R-RIV IN(}, ppr. Coming to or rearhinc, by water or 
land •.gaining by research, effort or study. 

t AR-R01)E', r. <. [l>. arrodo.] To gnaw or nibble. Vut. 

AR-Rfi'llA, n. [ Arabic] A weight, in I'ortneal, of thirty- 
two pounds ; in Spain, of twenty-live pounds. 

All RO-(!AN(-E, n. [L. arrorrantia.} The act or quality of 
taking much upon one's si>lf ; that species of prido whi<h 
consists in exiirbltaiit claims of rank, dignity, estimation 
or power ; proud contempt of othtfrs ; conceitcdncss ; pre- 

AU1R()-<5.\\-CY, II. Arrogance. [Thi» orthography is lest 

AR'RO-fiANT, a. 1. Assumine ; makine, or having the 
disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estima- 
tion ; gi'Mng one's self an undue degree of importance : 
haughty ; conceited. 2. (,'ontaining arrogance ; marked 
with arrogance ; proceeding from undue claims or »e!f- 
. iTripoi'ance. 

53 AR^ 

AR'RO-G.\NT-I<Y, adr. In an arrogant manner ; wita un- 
due pride or self-importance. 

AR RO GANT-NE.>^t! ti. Arrogance. [Little used.] 

AR RO-G.\TE, V. t. [L. arrvgo.] To assume, demand c« 
challenge more than is proi^-r ; to make undue claim?, 
from vanity or false pretensions to right or merit. 

AR'KO-GA-TED, ;)p. Claimed by undue pretensions. 

AR ItO-GA-TINO, ppr. Challenging nr claiming more pow- 
er or respect than is just or reasonable. 

.\R-R(j-GA TION, n. The act of arrogating, or making er- 
orbitant claims ; the act of taking more than one is jusl'y 
entitled to. 

AR RO-G.\-TlVE, a. Assuming or making undue clainu 
and pretensions. More. 

.AR-RONU'IS-ME.NT, n. [Fr. arrondir.] A circuit; a dis- 
trictj a division or jwrtion of territory in France. 

AR-Rof ION, (ar-ro'zhun) n. [L. arrodo.] A gna^ving 

ARROW', n. [Sax. areira.j A missive weapon fif / ffense, 
straight, slender, pointed and barbed, to be ehut with a 

AR'Rf)V\'-GRXPS, n. A plant or genus of plants ; the trig 
lochin. Muhlenberg. 

AR'RriVV-HEAD, n. 1. The head of an arrow. ^. Sagiita- 
ria ; a genus of aquatic plants. 

AR I{oV\-ROOT, 71. 1. The maranta ; a genus of plants, 
natives of the Indies. 2. The starch of the rnaranfa, or 
arrow root, a nutritive medicinal food. 

AR*RoW-Y, a. 1. Consisting of arrows. 2. Formed like an 

XRSE, 71. [Sax. earse.] The buttocks or hind part of an 

t ARISE'FOOT, n. A kind of water-fowl. Diet. 

ARSE-SMART, n. The vulgar name of a species of polyg- 
onum, or 

AR'SE-N.AL, 71. fSp. Port. It. Fr.] A repository or maga- 
zine of arms and military stores. 

AR t«KN'I-.\C,or.VR-SE.\'I-€AL ACID. Arsenic combined 
with a greater proixirtion of oxygen, Uian in the arseniom 

AR-SeXI-ATE, 71. A neutral salt, formed by arsenical 
acid combined with any metallic, earthy or saline base. 

.XRSE NIC, 71. [Gr. apcreiiKOv ; Fr. arsenic] .\ mineral sub. 
stance which is a virulent poison ; vulgarly called ratiiaitr. 

AR-SEN'I-GAE, a. Belonging to arsenic ; consisting of oj 
containing arsenic. 

AH SKN'! f^'ATE, v. t. To combine with arsenic 

AR SKN'I tW-TEl), a. Combined with arsenic. 

AR Sk'MoL'S, a. Pertaining to, or containing arsenic. 

AR'SE-NITE, 71. -A salt formed by the ar^enious acid, with 
a base. 

ARSHTNE, 71. A Russian measure of more than two fest. 

.\R'.SON, (ar'sn) n. [Norm. Fr. arsine, ar»eun.] In law 
the malicious burning of a house of another man, which 
by the common law, is felony. 

ART. The second person, indicative mode, present tense 
of the substantive verb aw. 

ART, 71. [L. ars, artUs.] 1. The disposition or modification 
of things by human skill, to answer the purpose intended. 
In this sense, art stands opposed to nature. 2. A system 
of rules, serving to facilitate the performance of certain 
actions ; opposed to seience, or to speculative principles. 
3. Skill, dexterity, or the power of jierforming certain ac- 
tions, acquired by experience, study or observation. 

AR-TE-MIS'I-.A, 71. Mug-wort, southernwood, and worm- 
wood ; a genus of plants. 

AR-Tk'RI-AL, a. I. Pertaining to an artery or the arterie*. 

2. Contained in an artery. 

AR-TE-RF-OT'O MY, n. [Gr. aprripia and ropr,.] The 
opening of an artery for the purpose of letting blood. 

AR'TE-RY, 71. [Gr. apriipta.] A cylindrical vessel or tube, 
which conveys the blood from the heart to all (lartJ of the 
body. Tliere are two principal arteries ; the aorta end 
the pulmonary artery. 

ART'FUL, a. 1. Performed with art or skill. 0. Artinclal 

3. Cunning j practicing art, or stratagem j crafty. 4 
Proceeding trom art or craft. 

ART'FUL-LY, adr. With art, or cunning ; Bkllfiilly ; dfx- 

ART FI'E NESS, 7i. Art; craft; cunning; address 

ARTHRIT'IC, ) a. Pertaining to the joints, or to the 

AR THRIT'I CAL, i gout ; affecting Uie joint*. 

.\R-THRIT'IS, 71. [Gr. npOoinc.l Any painful disease of 
the joints ; but more particularly, the gout. 

AR-TIIR6 1»I-A, ti. In uTiiitomw, n species of articulation. 

.\RTie. This word is, by mistake, used by some author* 
for arctic. 

AR TI-CIIOKI^, 71. [Vr. artiehaut.] A plant uoniewhat ro- 
seinhling a thistle. The Jerusalem artichoke is a sfiecies 
of sun liower. 

XR'TI-Cl.E, 71. [L. nrfiVuluji.'] 1. A single clans* In a con- 
tr.irl, account, treaty, or other writing ; a particular, sep- 
arate charge, or item, in an account : a term, condition, 
or stipulation, in a contract. 2. A point of faith. 3. .\ 

See Synopsis. MOVE. BOQK. POVE ;— Bl^^LL. UNITE.— C a» K , C M J ; S as Z ; CH a« SII ; TH as in thit. t Obioleti 


dUtlnct p.irt. Palry. 4. A |>arli<-iilnr rommndlly, or Huh 
•lanc)'.— .'■. Ill boliiity, that Jiurt iifUHUilk ur iitriii, wliltli in 
liflwiTii two jiiintN.— li. Ill iiramiiiar, an uil^t-rlive iiiM-il 
bufiirv iioiiiiH, I'l limit or di-lliin tlivir ii|i('Iii'iiIIi>m ; a», ku, 
itlf, ipur, ill Iwiliii ; u, fi, TO, In {.Itrvk ; Hit, (Am, that, In 
KiiuIlhIi i Ir, In, Im, III Krunrli ; i/, Jii^ /ii, in lluliiin. 

AK''l I CI<K, r. (. I. 'I'll draw up in dintincl (larliculiin. '-2. 
Tu acciiite or cliargu by on riliibilinii ii{ arlitlis. 3. 'I'o 
bind by nrticlt'H ot'covi'iiaiil or ntipiilalioii. 

AK''I"I-CI.K, I'. I. 'i'o agrrr by articlt-!i ; to iitipulnli>. 

AIC'I'I ('1.1:1), pp. Drawn up In purticulura i accused or 
Niiind by arliclcH. 

AK-'J'ICU-LAU, a. (L. arlUularis .] Ittlonging to tlie 

AR-TIC'U-LATK, o. \l.. arluulatuj<.] I. Formed by joinl- 
inR, or nrticiilatlon of tbc orKaiu) of njicfcli ; applied to 
.luutid ii. Kipri-swcd 111 articlfn. [A'ut iwti/.J 3. Jointed ; 
formed with joints. Hulonu. 

AK-TiC U-LA riv, r. I. 1. I'o utter articul.itc sounds ; to 
utter diatinrt Kyllalilri! or wonls. -'. To draw up or write 
in 8cporate (lorticularB. [Oba.] Shnk. :i. To treat, stipulate 
or make Irrmfi. [Obs.] Shak. 4. 'J'o joint. Smilh. 

AUTIt U-hA-J'EI), pp. J. I'ttered distinctly in syllables 
or words, a. Joinird ; liaviii" j<iints, as a plant. 

AR-TlO'U-LA'I'K-hV, adv. 1. VVitli distinct utterance of 
lyllables or words. 2. .\rticlc by article ; in detail. Foley. 

AR-TUMJ-LATE-.NE!?4<, n. 'J'licquality of being articulate. 

AR-Tie'L'-i..'\-TI.NG, ppr. Uttering in distinct syllables or 

AR-TI€-U-LA'TION, n. 1. In anatomy, the joining or 
juncture of the bones.— 2. In botany, the connection of 
the p.irLs of a plant by joints. 3. The forming of words 
by the human voice. 4. A consonant. 

AR'TI-FTOK, n. [I., artifidum.] 1. !?tratagem ; an artful 
or ingenious device. In a bad sense, it corresponds Willi 
trick, oj fraud. 2. Art ; trade ; skill acquired by science 
or practice. [Rarely uscd.\ 

AK-TIF'I4'EK, ». [L. arti/cr.] 1. An artist ; a mechanic 
or manufacturer. 2. One who makes or contrives ; an in- 
ventor. 3. A cunning, or artful fellow. [JVot used.\ Ben 

AU-TI-FI'CIAL, a. 1. Made or contrived by art, or by hu- 
man skill and labor. 2. Feigned ; fictitious ; not genuine 
or natural. 3. Contrived with skill or art. 4. Cultivated ; 
not indigriious J not being of spontaneous growth. 

t AK-TI-FI"CIAL, 71. The production of art. Sr If. Petty. 

AR-Tinci-AL'l-TY, v. The quality of being artificial ; 
apjiearance of art. Shen.'itune. 

AR-'J'l -FI "CI .\L,-LY, ado. Dy art, or human skill and con- 
trivance ; with art or ingenuity. 

AR-TI-FI"C1AL-XESS, ;i. The quality of being artificial. 

fAR-TI-FT ClOUS, u. Artificial. 

t .H.R TIL-ISE, or t XRTIZK, v. t. To give the appearance 
of art to. Bolingbroke. 

AR-TIL'LE-RY, n. This word has no plural. [Fr. artille- 
rie.] 1. Offensive weapons of war. 2. Cannon ; great 
guns ; ordnance. 3. The men who manage cannon and 
mortars, with the officers, engineers, and (icrsons who 
supplv the artillery with implements and materials. 

ART'I-S.\N, n. [Fr. 6Vf Art.] An artist ; one skilled in 
any art, mystery or trade ; a handicrafts-man ; a mechan- 
ic: a tradesman. 

ART'IST, n. [Fr. artiste.] 1. One skilled in an art or 
trade ; one who is master or professor of a manual art ; a 
good workman in any tnido. 2. A skilful man -, not a 
novice. — '^. In an academical sense, a proficient in the 
faculty of arts ; a pliilosopher. 4. One skilled in the fine 
arts ; as a painter, sculptor, architect, &.c. 

ART'LES?, a. 1. Unskilliil ; wanting art, or skill. 2. Free 
from guile, art, craft or stratagem ; simple ; sincere ; un- 
affected ; undesigning. 3. Contrived without skill or art. 

ART'LESS-LYj adr. 1. Without art or skill ; in an artless 2. Without guile ; naturally. 

ART'LE:?S-NESS, n. The quality of being void of art or 
guile ; simplicity , sincerity ; unaffectedness. 

AR'TO-TY-RITE, n. [Or. nproi and rvpog.] One of a sect 
of heretics, ir the primitive (flurch, who celebrated the 
eucharist wil. bread and cheese. 

♦ ART;>-MAN, n. A learned man. Shak. 

ARUN-I)K'LiI-AX, o. Pertaining to Arundel ; as, ^ruiide- 
lian marbles. 

A-Rt'.\-UI-NA'CEOUS, a. [L. arundo.] Pertaining to a 
reed ; rcspmblin;; the reed or cane. 

AR-U.N-DIN E OUs, a. Abounding with reeds. 

A-RC'R.^, n. [Or. aoovpa.] A piece of ground ; a (dowed 
field ; a Grecian iiieasiire. 

A-RUS'PEX, H. [L.] AstHUhsayer. Dryden. 

A-RUS'PTCE, n. \Vritten also hamspice. \h. aruspez, or 
haru.ipr T .] A priest, in ancient Rome, wnose business it 
was to inspect the entrails of victims killed in sacrifice, 
and by them to foretell fliture events. 
ft-RUS'PI-CY, n. The act of prognosticating by inspection 
of t!ie entrails of beasts slain in sacrifice 

Ti-J A8C 

[AR'VF.I., ». A funeral. Orune. Cravrn dialects .Srmt 
tupprr. 'I'lie I'riuit made at iiurthern fuiieials. — Jirvtt 
bread. CakrH given ut fuiieralM. Orute, 

AM, ado. [il. and I), alt.] I. I.itrrully, like ) even ; »\mi- 
lar ; In like manner ; nx, do lu you are coiiiinaMded. U 
it wiu foriiirrly UHcd where we now une tbai. iitm. 3 ll 
wa.M formerly u.ted fur a^ if. OAi. 4. While ; duritig ■, at 
the Maine tunc. " He trembled aa he iipoke."- — flu, in a 
HuliHcquent part of a M-ntence, anawerii Ut tuck i give lu 
KUih tilings at you pleoite. 

A.S, n. [I. .J 1. A Roman weight r.f 12 ounces, aniiwcridg 
to the ti(tra or [Xiund. 2. A Roiriun coin. 3. An integer ■, 
a whole. 

A.^'A A comipcion of latar, an ancient name of a guru 
See Ooze. 

A.S'A-DIJLCIS. The same as benitnn. 

A.S'A-FET'I DA, n. [uio, and L. firtidiu.] A fetid gum 
resin, from the East Indies. 

ASA RA HAC'CA, n. [I,, atarum.] A plant. 

A.'^ IIF.S TINE, a. Pertaining to asbestus, or partaking ofiu 
nature and qualities : incombustible. 

A.S-UI:>i'TI-.NnE, n. The actinulUe, itt slrahltteiu.—CaUif- 
rruiLs a.tbe.'tinite ,' a variety of tleatUt. 

A»-BEST(;H, or AS-BES'T<jS n. [(Jr. aePtaroi.] A min- 
eral, which has frequently the appearance of a vegetable 
substance. It is always fibrous, and its fibrni are soine' 
times delicate, lle.xible, and ela-^tic ; at other times, stilT 
and brittle. It is incombustible, and has been wrought 
into a soil, flexible cloth, which w:i3 formerly oAd as a 
shroud for dead bodies. 

Ai;-CA'RI>^, n. ; plu. Ascah'idbs. [Gt.] la teiilogy, a genus 
of intestinal worms. 

AS-CEND', r. i. [L. ascendo J 1. To move upwards •, to 
mount ; to go up ; to rL-ie. 2. To rise, in a figvratiri 
sense ; to proceed from an inferior to a superior degree, 
from mean to noble objects, from particulars to generals, 
&c. 3. To proceed from modern to ancient times ; lu re- 
cur to former ages ; to pniceed in a line towards ances- 
tors. — 1. In inuste, to rise in vocal utterance ; to pass from 
any note to one more acute, 

A.S-CEND', V. t. To go or move upwards upon ; as, to a< 
ceud a hill ; to climb. 

AS-CEND'A-BLE, a. That may be ascended. 

A.S-CEND'ANT, n. 1. Superi<jrity or commanding influ 
ence. 2. An ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy, 
or degrees of kindred ; opposttd to descendant. 3. Height', 
elevation. [Little used.] Temple. — 1. In astrology, that 
degree of the ecliptic which rises above the horizon at the 
time of one's birth. That part of the ecliptic at any par- 
ticular time above the horizon, supposed to have influence 
on a person's life and fortune. 

AS-('Ei\D .\.\T, a. 1. Superior ; predominant ; surpassiD*. 
— 2. In astrology, above the liorizon. 

AS-('END'ED, pp. or a. Risen; mounted up; gone to 

AS-CEND'E!S'-CV, n. Power ; governing or controlling in- 

AS-CEND'ING, ppr. Rising ; moving upwards ; proceeding 
from the less to the greater ; proceeding from modem lu 
ancient, from grave to more acute. — Ascending latitude is 
the latitude of a planet, when moving towards the north 
pole. — .Ascending node is that point of a planet's orbit, 
wherein it passes the ecliptic to proceed northward. 

AS-CE.\'SIO.\, n. [L. ascensi.i.] I. 'Ihe act of ascending ; 
a rising. It is frequently applied to the visible elevation 
of our i^avior to heaven. 2. Tlie thing ascending. [JVo< 

AS-CEN'b"10N-DAY, n. A festival held on Holy Tharsday, 
in tommemoration of our Savior's ascension into heaven, 
after his resurrection. — .Ascensional diffe-renee is the dif- 
ference between the right and oblique ascension of Ih* 
same point on tlie surface of the sphere. 

AS-(.'ENS1VE, a. Rising ; tending to rise, or causing to 
rise. Joum. of Science. 

ASCENT', n. [L. Oi-rcn^iis.] 1. The act of rising ; motion 
upwards ; rbe ; a mounting upwards. 2. The way by 
which one ascends ; the means of ascending. 3. .\n em 
inence, hill or high place. 4. The degree of elevation ol 
an object, or the angle it makes witlj a horizontal line. 
5. Acclivity; the rise of a hill. 

AP-CER-T.AiN', r. t. [L. ad eertum.] 1. To make certain , 
to define or reduce to precision, by removing obscurity or 
ambiguity. 2. To make certain, by trial, exaniinalion 
or experiment, so as to know what was before unknown. 
3, To make sure by previous measures, 4. To fix ; t» 
establish with certai'nlv ; to render invariable. 

AS-CER-TAIN'.-V-BLE, a. That may be made certain in 
fact, or rodiiced to certainty. 

AS-CER-T.AIN'ED, (as-ser-tlnd') pp. Made certain ; de- 
fined ; established ; reduced to a certainty. 

AS CER-TaIN'ER, b. The person who ascertains or makes 

AS-CER-T.\IN'ING, ppr. Making certain -, fixing ; establish 
ing ; reducing toa certainty ; obtaining certain knowledge 

*S<fSunopnt. i E, I C, 7 Jong.— F.KR, F^LL, WH/lT ;—PREY J— MK, MARINE, BIRD ;— ^ ObsgUU. 


ASCERTAINMENT, n. The act of ascertaining; a re- 
ducing to certainty ; certainty ; (ixed rule. Sw{ft. 

^■^l?^!^'^v^^' i Sec AcESCE^•cr, Acescent. 

AS-C!ETie, a. [Gr. aaKr/TOi.] Retired from tlie world; 
rigid ; severe ; austere ; eniployed in devotions and nior- 
^S-CET'ie, 71. 1. One who retiies from the business of life, 
and devotes himself to piety and devotion ; a hermit ; a 
recluse. 2. Tiie title of certain books, on devout exer- 

t AS-CET'I-CISM, n. The state of an ascetic. Warburlon. 

AS'CIAN, n. [L. a.ici!.] A i>erson, who, at certain times of 
the year, has no shadow at noon. 

AS'CI-TANS, n. [(Jr. ao-ico?.] A sect or branch of Monta- 
nists, who appeared in the second century. 

AS-CI'TE.S, n. [Gr. otrfcof.] A dropsy, ortense, elastic swell- 
ing of the belly, with Huctuution, from a collection of 

AS-C(T'ie, ) a. Belonging to an ascites ; dropsical ; 

AS-CITT-eAL, bydropical. 

AS-CI-Tt"TIOU^, a. [L. ascilus.'] Additional ; added ; sup- 
plemental ; not inherent or original. 

AS-€Lk'PI-AD, n. In ancient poetry, a verse of four feet. 

AS-CRI'BA-BLE, a. That may be a-scribed. 

ASCRIBE', t'. «. [L. a-ictibo.] 1. To attribute, impute, or 
set to, as to a cause ; to assign, as effect to a cause. 2. 
To attribute, as atjuality ; to consider or allcdge to be- 

AS^f'RIR'ED, (as kribd') pj). Attrilmted or imputed ; con- 
sidered or alledged as belonging. 

AS-eRIU'ING, pyr. Attributing ; Imputing ; alledging to 

AS-eRlI"TION, 71. The act of ascribing, imputing or af- 
firming to belong. 

AS-€Rll'-TI"TlOUS, o. That is ascribed. 

A5H, 71. [Sax. anc ; Dan. ask.] 1. A well known tree, of 
which there are many species. 2 The wood of the ash- 

ASH, a. Pertaining lo or iike the ash ; made of ash. 

t A-SHA.ME', V. I. To shame. 

A-SHAM El), (a-shamd') a AfTocted by shame ; confused 
by a consciousness of guilt or of inferiority ; by the mor- 
tification of pride ; by failure or disappointment. 

t A-SMAM ED-LY, adv. Bashfully. 

I A-SHELF', arfo. On a shelf or ruck. Masximrrr. 

AifU-CdL'OREU, a. Of a coior between brown and gray. 

ASII'EN, a. Pertaining to ash ; made of ash. 

ASHES, 71. plu. without the singular number. [Pax. asca.] 
1. The earthy particles of comhuslible substances remain- 
ing after combustion. 2. The remains of the human body 
when burnt. Hence, figuratirely, a dead body or corpse. 

ASH'-KIRE, n. A low fire used in cliemical operations. 

ASIJ'-EEY, n. The oak-fly. Complete Jinirltr. 

ASH'-H()LE, n. A repository for ashes ; ttic lower part of 
a furnar«. 

APH'LAR, n. Common or free stones, as they come from 
the quarry. 

ASH'LER-ING, 71. Quartering for lathing to, in garrets. 

A-SHoRE', adr. 1. f)n shore ; on the land adjacent to wa- 
ter ; to the sliore. 2. On land, opposed to aboard. 3. On 
the ground. 

ASll'-TUB, 71. A tub to receive ashes. 

ASH'-WEDNES'DAY, (ash-wenz'de) 71. The first day of 
licnt ; supposed to be so called from a custom of sprin- 
kling ashes on the head. 

ASH -WEED, 71. A plant, the small, wild angelica, gout- 
wort, goaOi-foot, or herb gerard. 

ASH' Y, n. Belonging to ashes ; ash-colored ; pale ; inclining 
to a whitish gray. SA«t. 

AS1!Y-PAI,E, a. Pale as ashes. Skak. 

ASIAN, a. Pertaining to Asia. 

A'SIAIKMI, ?i. A chief ot pontiff of Asia ; one who had the 
Biipi'riiitendence of the public games. 

A-SIAT'IC, a. Belonging to Asia. 

A SlAT'ie, 71. A native of Asia. 

A-8IAT'1-("1SM, M. Imitation of the Asiatic manner. 

A-SIDE', adv. 1. On or to one side ; out of a perpendicular 
or straight direction. 2. At a little distauce from the 
main part or body. M. From the body. 4. From the 
company ; at a small ilistaiirc, or in private. .^). Separate 
from the person, mind or attention ; in a state of abaii- 

AS-IN kGO, 71. [Sp. asiiiro.] A foolish fellow. 

AS'I-NlNE, rarely AST-NA RY, a. (1,. asinua.] Belonging 
to the ass ; having the qualities of the am. 

4SK, r. t. [Sax. a.vrioii, nrsinn, or iij^inn.] 1. To request ; 
to seek to obtain by words ; to petition ; with 0/ before 
the person to whom tin; recpiest is made. 2. To require, 
expect or claim. H. To interrogate, or inquire ; to put a 
question, with a view to an answer. -1. To require, or 
make claim. 5. To claim, require or demand, as the price 
or value of a cominod'*y ; to set a price. 0. To invite. 

55 ASP 

ASK, v.i. l.To request or petition, followed by for. 2 
To inquire, or seek by request. 

ASK, ASH, AS, come from the Haion asc, an asb-tre« 

ASK. See Aikeb. 

.\S-KXNCE', ( adv. [D. schuint.] Towards one corner of 

AS-KANT', \ the eye. 

ASKED, pp. Requested ; petitioned ; questioned ; interro- 

ASK'ER, 71. 1. One who asks ; a petitioner; an inquirer 
2. A water newt. Ju/imon. 

AS-KEVV', adv. [G. sclitef.] With a wry look ; asic'e . 
askant; sometimes indicating scorn, or contempt, rr 

ASK ING, ;>;«•. I. Requesting ; petitioning; interrogating 
inquiring. 2. Silently expressing request or desire. 

I A-SLAKE', I', t. [Sax. aslacian.] To remit ; to slackeu 

AS-LA'Nl, 71. A silver coin. 

A-SLANT', a. or adv. (Jn one side ; obliquely ; not perpen- 
dicularly, or with a right angle. 

A-SEEEP , a. or adv. 1. Sleeping ; in a state of sleep ; at 
rest. 2. To a state of sleep ; as, to fall asleep. 3. Dead ; 
in a state of death. 4. 'i'o death. 

A-SLoPE', a. or udv. With leaning or inclination ; oblique- 
ly ; with declivity or descent, as a hill. 

t A-SH'tJIj adv. In a sluggish manner. Fotherby. 

AS-MO-NlC'AN, a. Pertaining to /Vsmoneus. 

AS-MO-Nk'AN, 71. One of the family of .'Vsmoneus. 

t A-So'.MA-TOUS, a. [Qt. a and awfta.] WiUiout a mate- 
rial body ; incorporeal. 

ASP. See Aspen. 

ASP, or ASP'IC, 71. [L. aspis ; Gr. atrrii.'] A small, poison 
ous serpent of Egypt. 

AS-PAL, A-THL'S, n. A plant. 

AS-P.\R'A-G1N, 71. White, transparent crystals of a peculiar 
vegetable principle. 

AS-PAR'A-GUS, 71. [L. and Gr.] Sparagiw ; sperage ; vul 
garly, sparruic-grass ; a genus of plants 

ASPECT, 71. [L. aspectus.] 1. Look ; view ; appearante 
to the eye or the mind. 2. Countenance ; look, or partic- 
ular appearance of the face. 3. View ; sight ; act of see- 
ing. 4. Position or situation with regard to seeing, or 
that position which enables one to look in a particular 
direction. — 5. In astronomy, tJie situation of one planet 
with resjiect to another. 

t ASPECT', v. t. To behold. Temple. 

t A!-<-PE€T'A-BLE, a. That may be seen. 

f ^VS-PECT ED, a. Having an aspect. Ben Jonson. 

I AS-PEC TION, 71. The act of viewing. Brovn. 

ASPEN, or ASP, 71. [D. esp ; G. aspe, ILipe ; Sax. irspc .1 A 
species of the poplar, so called from tlie trembling of its 
leaves, which move witli the slightest impulse of the 

ASP'EN, a. Pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it ; made 
of aspen wood. 

ASiPER, a. [L.] Rough ; rugged. [Little Hxed.] 

AS'PER, 71. [L. aspiro, to breathe.] In grammar, the Greek 
accent '. 

.VS'PER, 71. A Turkish coirt. 

ASTE-llATE, V. t. [L. aspero.] To make rough or uneven. 

AS-PE Ra'TIO.V, 71. A making rough. 

AS-PER-tJOIRE, n. [Ft. ojpersoir.] A holy-water-eprin- 
kle. IVarton. 

AS-PER-I-Fo'LI-ATE, a. [L. asper ani folium.] Having 
rough leaves. 

AS-PER-I-Ff)'LI-Ors, a. Having leaves rough tip the touch. 

AS-PER'I-TY, 71. [L. nspentas.] 1. Roughness of surface ; 
unevenness ; opposed to smoothness. 2. Rouffliness of 
sound; harshness of pnmunciation. 3. Koughiirsg to the 
taste ; sourness. 4. Rrwghness or ruggedness of temper ; 
moroseness ; sourness : crabbeilness. .'>. Sharpne-ss. 

t AS'PER-r,Y, or AS'PRE-LY, adv. Roughly i sharply. 

AS-PER-Na'TION, II. [L. u*;io-iia/io.] Neglect ; disregard 

AS'PER-OUS, a. [L. asper, rough.] Rough ; uneven. 

AS-PERSE', (as-pers') v. t. [I-. asprrgo, aspems.] 1 To 
bespatter with foul reports or false and injurious charges ; 
to tarnish in point of reputation, or goixl name ; to slander 
or ralumniale. 2. To cast upon. 

AS-PERS EK, n. One that as(>eriHii, or vilifies anotlier. 

A.'^-PEK SIO.V, ri. .\ sprinkling. 2. The spreading of ca 
lumnious re|)orls or charges. 

AS-PHAI-T', or AS I'll Al.T'l'M, n. [Gr. ac<p,i\Toi.] Bilu- 
vien .ludiiicnm, Jew's pitch ; a smiHith, hard, brittle, black 
or brown subsianrc, which breaks with a polish, mella 
easily when heated, and, when pure, burns without leav 
inc any ashes. 

AS-PIIAET'IC, 0. Pertaining to asphalt, or containing it 
bituminous. .Milton. 

AS-PII AI/riTE, a. Pertaining to or containing asphalt. 

M€*Synopsis. MOVE, a^OK, DOVE ;—BfJLL, UNITE.— CasK ; Cm J; SasZ; CIIasSH ; THasln fAi> f Oluolet* 




ASI'IIO ni:i,, n. (I. niid(;r.| KImk'h Kjionr ; i» grnuii of 
liluirruun pluiiW, rultiviilcd liir tlic hiiiiily nl' llwir Miwcrn. 

AH-riiriKKI- A'IKS, n. [Cr. a iiiiil o^upu.J > *-rM» of 
M- iirlnllir I'liiuiilii. 

AH ril\ .\'\ , H. |t;r. aaifiu^ia.] A tpni|iorary ■lupciixion of 

till- iiiiitliiti of (lie lii-.'irt and nrtrrlcii ; HWodiiiriK ; l'iiiiiliii|(. 
it^r'lC, II. I. 'I'lii^ itsii, wliicli iff. 'J. A pirce of oru- 
nniirc, rarryiiiR ii twelve pimiid filmt. 

AKT'll", II. .\ HpfcicH (if lavender, a plant. 

AS-IT'K.A.N'r, II. Ono wlio ujipirvM, lireatlirN aflrr, or «PckH 

with racernt's.s. 
AS'JM K.A ri'I, r. t. [I,, nspirn.] 'J'o prnnixinrc willi ii 

lircatliing, or full eiiiiiuiluii of breath. Wo ai/nrate tliv 

words A Tsr nild 
At^'I'l 1{.\'I'!0, V. i. To he ultered with a Rtrong breathing ; 

.IS, the lpt.2r A axjiiralr.i. Drydrn. 
AS'l'l-K.\'i"i;, n. A letter inarki'd with an a.iprr, or note of 

hrealhing : n mark ofiuxpiration, an llie (Ireek accent ' . 
A.STl-KA'I'i:, .1. I'ronminced with a full breath. 
A.S ri-l{.\-Ti;U, pp. Uttered Willi a Btroiig emission of 

AS'l'l-KA-TINf!, ppr. rrnnoiinriiiR with a full lireath. 
AS-PI UA'I'ION, n. I. 'Jhe proiiunriatinn of a letter with 

afiill of bi-ath. '_'. .\ hri'.illiing alter ; an ardent 

wish or desire. 3. The art of a.'ipiring, or of ardently de- 
siring what is noble or spiritual. 
AS-PIKi;, r. i. [L. aspiru.] I. To desire with eagerness ; 

(o pant after an object, ii. To aim at s 


t something elevated. 

t AS-I'IRK MENT, n. Th<. act of aspiring. Brcircr. 

AS-I'II!'l'.Ii. II. One who aspires ; one who aims to rise. 

AS-PIK'LN't;, pjrr. Desiring eagerly ; aiming at something 
noble, great, or spiritual. 

AS-PIR li\(;, n. Ambitious ; animated with an ardent de- 
sire of power, importance, or excellence. 

AS-PIR'1N(;, n. 1. Ambition ; eager desire of sometliing 
r-ent. i>. Points; stops. [j\"ur mni.] 

A5-P(JR-T.A-T1C)N, n. [l,. ai.ynrtuti«.] A carrying away.— 
In (air, the felonious removal of goods. 

.\ SQUINT', arfi'. [D. .<rA«iii/e.] 1. To the comer or angle 
of th« eye ; obliijuely ; towards one side. 2. Not with 
regard, or due notice. 

ASS, n. [ W. nil/It ; Ir. a.ian ; L. n*iiiu.«.] 1. A quadruped 
of the equine genus. 2. A dull, heavy, stupid fellow ; a 

AS-SA'I. [It.] A term in music ; added toa word signify- 
ing slow, it denotes a little quicker ; and to a word sig- 
nifying quick, it denotes a little slower. 

AS-SAIL , r. I. [Fr. assaillir.] 1. To leap or fall upon by 
violence ; to assault ; to attack suddenly. 2. To invade 
or attack, in a hostile manner. 3. To attack with argu- 
ments, censure, abuse, or criticism. 

AS-.SaIL'A-BLE, a. Ihat may be assailed, attacked, or 

AS-8.aIL'ANT, 71. [Fr.] One who tissails, attacks, or as- 

AS-SAIL'ANT, a. Assaulting; attacking; invading with 

AS-^.\IL'ED, (as-sild) pp. Assaulted ; invaded ; attacked 
with violence. 

AS-S.UL'EK, II. One who a-esails. 

AS-S.\II,'IN'(;, pjir. Assaulting ; invading by force , at- 
tacking with violence. 

t.\S^AIL'.MENT, n. Attack. Johvsov. 

AS-SA-PAN'ie, 71. The flying squirrel. 

AS'S.'\-RON, 71. A Hebrew measure of five pints. 

AS-SXRT', 71. [old Fr. a.s>ar(fr.l I . In aiififnt /air*, the 
oflense of gnibbing up trees, and thus destroying thickets 
or coverts of a forest. 2. A tree plucked up by the roots ; 
also, a piece of land cleared. J)sh. 

AS-8ART', V t. To grub up trees ; to commit an assart. 

AS-S.\S'SIN, 71. One who kills, or attempts to kill, by sur- 
prise or secret assault. 

t As-S.\S'S1N, 7-. «. To murder. StilUn^flrrt. 

AS-SAS-SIN-ATE, r.t. 1. To kill, or attempt to kill, by 
surprise or secret a.ssault ; to murder by sudden violence. 
2. To waylav ; to take by treachery. 

t A!iSAS¥ilN-ATE, n. A murder or murderer. 

AS-SAl?'9IX-.\-TED, pp. Alurdered by surprise, or secret 

AS-S.ASSIN-,A-TI\G, ppr. Murdering bv surprise or secret 

AS-!?AS-SIN-.A TIOX, ji. The act of killing or murdering, 
by surprise or secret assault ; murder by violence 

AS-SAi^'SIN-A-TOR, n. ,\ii assassin, which see. 

t AS-8ASPI-NOIS, a. Murderous. 

AS-S.\S'SIN?, II. In Si/7ia.atribe or clan called Ismaelians, 
ifo(aiii-f.T, or Balenians. 

r AS-SATION, n. [Fr.] A roasting. 

AS-SAULT', n. [Fr. a-v.-aiiif, now o.wawf.] ]. An attack, 
or violent onset. 2. An attack by hostile werds or meas- 
nres.- 3. In Imr, an unlawful setting up<-in one's person ; 
an attempt or ofTer to beat another, without touching his 
person. If the blow aimed takes effect, it is a battery. 

A-tWAI'LT', I', t. I To attack or fall Upon by vMeare, 
or Willi n liimtilc iiitrntinii. 2. 'Jo invade or lull on Witb 
foire. :i. 'J'o attack by WurdH, urgiiniiriiU, or unrrienitlx 
ineiuiiire-i, with a view to «hake, impair, or overthrow. 

A«HAI l/l'A III.E, a. That may bo luwiultid. n Ultamt. 

A.'*.*<AI'l/r'i:i), pp Attacked with lortc, urnia, violence, 
or hoHtile vieWD. 

AH-.SAUI,T'Klt. n. On': who nunutlii, or violently atUicln. 

AH-«AU'l.'J''JN(i, pji/-. Attacking with force, or with hoatil* 

ASHAV, n. I Fr. ranai ; ."p. rn/iayn.] I. 'Jhe trial of the 
gCMxIneiui, purity, weight, value, &.c. of meUili or inetallie 
aubNiances.— 2. In lav, an exaiiiinalion of welghtJi dhU 
niea.Muren by the standard. M. Kxaniiiiutioii ; trial ; ef- 
fort ; Unit entrance upon :.iiy bu<ineu ; attt:mpt. 4. 
Value ; great purity. Ob». 

AS-.'^AY', V. t. 1. 'Jo try or prove, by examiiiatifin or ex- 
periment, the quantity and purity of meLiiJIic Kubstoucet 
2. I'o apply to the touchstone. JliUun. 

AS-8A V, r. I. 'Jo attempt, try, or endeavor. 

AHyAV'-IIAI^A.NUE, n. A balonce for Uie trial of tb« 

weight and purity of metals. 
AS^AV'EI), (aa-sade) pp. K 

Examined ; tested ; proved by 

A.''-SAY'ER, 71. One who examines metals to find their 
quantity and purity. An othcer of the mint, whose biui- 
ness is to try the weight and purity of metaUi. 

AH-SAY'ING, ppr. Trying by some standard ; examining 
by experiment, as melal.s ; proving ; attrriiptiiig. 

A.S-tJAV'-M.'tS-'i'ER,7i. Anassayer; an odicer appointed to 
try the weight and fineness of the precious metals. 

t A.S-.'^Ee-TA'TlO.N, 71. [L. assectaliv.] Attendance, ot 
waiting U[ion. Vict. 

f ASSE-€LE, 71. [L.atsecla.] A dependent ; a follower. 

t AS f-F:€P RANGE, n. Assurance. Sheldon, 

t AS-t^Et'U-RA'TION, n. Assurance ; a making secure 

t AS-SE-eORE', V. t. To secure. huUokar. 

AS-SE-CC'TION, 71. [L. asscquar.] An obtaining or acqiiir 
ing. Jlyliffc. 

AS-t^EM BLA6E, ti. [Fr.] 1. A collection of individual!, 
or of particular Ihings ; the slate of being asiieinbled. 2. 
Rarely, the act of assembling. 

t A.S-.SK'Nl BLANCE, n. Representation ; an assembling. 

AS-SEM BLE, r. t. {Vr. ai'sembler.] 7 o collect a number 
of individuals or particulars into one place, or body ; to 
bring or call together ; to convene ; to congregate. 

AS-tSE.M'BLE, r. i. To meet or come together ; to convene, 
as a number of individuals. 

.•\.^ SKM'BLED, pp. Collected into a body ; congregated. 

.AS-.<1'.M BI.EK, 71. One who assembles. 

.\.S-SKM'BLING,p^7-. Coming together ; collecting into one 

AS-SEM'BLING, n. A collection or meeting together 
Heb. X. 

AS-PEM'BLY, 71. [?p. asamblca ; It. assemblra ; Fr. assrm 
blee.] 1. A company or collection of individuals in the 
same place ; usually for the same purpose. 2. A congre- 
gation or religious society convened. 3. In seme of tke 
United States, the legislature. 4. A collection of persoofl 
for amusement. 5. A convocation, convention, or coun- 
cil of ministers and mling eldens delegated from each 
presbytery. — 6. In ormifj--, the second beatine of the drum 
before a march, when the soldiers strike their tents. 7. 
An assemblage. [J't'vt in use.] 

A!*-SEM'BLY-K005I, n. A room in which persons asseiD- 

.VS-SENT', 71. [L. a.»sf7i^.f.l 1. The acl of the mind in 
admitting, or agreeing to, the truth of a proposition. 9 
Consent ; agreement to a proposal, respecting some right 
or interest. 3. Accord ; agreement. 

AS-i^ENT', r. i. To admit as true ; to agree, yield, or con- 
cede, or rather to express an agreement oi the mind to 
what is alledped, or proposed. 

AP-SENTA'l'IO.N, ii. [I,, assrntalio.'] Compliance wiUl 
the opinion of another, from flattery or dissimulation 

AS-SEN-TA'TOR, ji. A flatterer. 

t AS-.'^EN-T.VTu'RI-EY, ade. ^Vith adulation. 

.•\S-SF.NT ER, 71. One who assents, r.grees to, or admits 

AS-SENT INO, ppr. Agreeing to, or admitting as true ; 
yielding to. 

AS-SENT'ING-LY, adv. In a manner to express assent ; 
bv acreement. 

AS^SE.NT'MENT, JI. Assent; aereement. .Bi-ottti. [72ardy 


AP-SERT', r. f. [L., a^^o-tum.] 1. To aflirm posi- 
lively ; to declare with assurance ; to aver. 3. To main- 
tain or defend by words or measures ; lo vindicate a claim 
or title to. 

.\S-SERT'ED, pp. Affirmed positively ; tn.iintained ; vindi- 

AS-SERT'IN'G, ppr. Declaring with confidence ; maintain 
ing ; defending. 

AS-bER'TION, n. 1. The actof nsserting ; the maintaining 

* See Sipiopsi^. A, E, I, 0, C, V, Jonn-.— FAB, F,\LL, ^VII.\T :— PREY ;— PIN, SlAEY?re, BIRD ;— f Obsotttc. 


of a claim. 2. Positive declaration or averment ; affirma- 
tion ; poBition advanced. 

AS-SKKT'JVE, a. J'ositive ; affirming confidently. 

AS-r^ERT'lVE-LV, a<if. Allirmalively. liedcU. 

Ai5-SKRT'OR, n. One who altirnis positively ; an affirmer, 
supporter, or vindiciitor. 

Ari-J?EKT't> KV, a. Allirming ; maintaining. 

f AS-ftERVE', V. t. [L. asscrv'w.] To serve. Diet. 

AS-SESs', r. (. [Fr. asseuir.] 1. To set, fix, or charge, a 
certain sum upon one, as a tax. 2. 'I'o value ; to fix the 
value of property, lor the purpose of being taxed. 3. To 
set, fix, or ascertain. 

I AS-SESS', 71. Assessment. 

AS-SE.S.S'A-BLE, a. That may be assessed. 

AiJ-SSE^sS'ED, (as-sest') pp. Charged with a certain sum ; 
valued ; set ; fixed ; ascertained. 

AS-SEi^S I.NG,|(/(r. Cliargiiig Willi a sum ; valuing; fixing; 

I AS-SEs'SluN n. A sitting down by a person. 

AS-SES'tflOX-A-RY, a. I'ertaining to assessors. 

AS-SEt^S'ME.^"T, n. 1. .V vahiation of property or profits 
of business, for the purpose of taxation, "i. A tax, or spe- 
cific sum charged on the person or property. 3. The act 
of assessing ; the act of determining tlie amount of dam- 
ages by a Jury. 

AS-SESSOR, n. 1. One appointed to assess the person cur 
property. 2. An inferior oflicer of justice, who sits to 
assist the judge. 3. One who sits by another, as next in 

Aa.SETS .11. plu. [Fi. asse:.] Goods or estate of a deceased 
person, suflicient to pay the debts of the deceased. 

AS-SE\'ER, )v.t. [L. oisevero.] To allimi or aver 

AS-SEV ER-ATE, j positively, or with solemnity. 

A8-t*EV-ER-.^'TION, ji. Positive affirmation or assertion ; 
solemn declaration. 

ASS'-HE.\r), 71. One dull, like the ass ; one slow of appre- 
hension ; a blockhead. 

AS-SI-De .\.\S, or CHAS-I-De'ANS, »i. A sect of Jews. 

AJS'Sl-DENT, a. fL. assideo, assidcns.] Jiumdent signs, in 
medicine, are such as usually attend a disease. 

t AS-SID'U-ATE, a. Daily. K. Charlcj. 

AS-SI-DO'I-TY, 71. [L. ujisiduitas.] 1. Constant or close 
application to any business or enterprise ; diligence. 2. 
Attention ; attentiveness to persons. — Jist^iduUies, in the 
plural, are services rendered with zeal and constancy. 

AivSIU'U-OL'i*, a. [L. assiduus.] 1. Constant in applica- 
tion. 2. .\ttenlive ; careful ; regular in attendance. 3. 
Performed with constant diligence or attention. 

AS-SID'lJ-OL'?-LY, adc. Diligently; attentively; with 
earnestness and care ; with regular attendance. 

A.S !SIDJJ-OL'S-NESi^, n. Const;uit or diligent application. 

f AS SlE«jC', t). t. [ft. assieger.j To besiege. Diet. 

AS-?l-ENT'0, n. [Sp. asiento.] A contract or conven- 

AS-SIGN', (as-slne') r. «. [Fr. a«>-tVnfr.] 1. To allot; to 
appoint or grant by distribution or apportionment. 2. To 
designate or appoint for a particular purpose. 3. To fix, 
specify, or designate. ■!. 'J'o make or set over ; to trans- 
fer, sell, or convey, by writing, .'i. To alledge or show 
in particular. — 6. In laic, to show or set forth with par- 

AS-SIG.N', (as-slne') n. A person to whom property or an 
interest is or may be transferred. 

AS->SIG.N'A-BLE, (as-sine a-bl) a. 1. That may be allotted, 
appointed, or assigned. 2. That may be tnnsferred by 
writing. 3. That may be specified, shown with precision, 
or designated. 

AS'SIG-NAT, n. A public note or bill in France ; paper 
currency^ Burke. 

AS-.S1G-.\a'T10\, n. I. An appointment of time and place 
for meeting; used chiefly of love-meetings. 2. A making 
over by transfer of title. 3. lu Russia, a public note, or 
bank bill ; paper currency. 

AS-SI(;.N I'.l), (iis-sind) pp. Appointed; allotted; made 
over ; shown or designated. 

AS .-^l<;.\-KH', (as »e-n6 ) n. A person to whom an assign- 
ment is made ; a person appointed or deputed to do some 
act, or enjoy some right, privilege, or proi)erly. 

AP-!^IGN'ER, (as sI tier) ii. One who assigns, or appoints. 

ASSIGN l.\(;, ppr. Allotting ; appointing ; transferring; 
sliiiwiii^' specially. 

AS SI(;.\i.Mi;.\T, (as slncmcnt) ti. 1. ,\n allotting, or an 
appointment to a particular person or use. 2. A transfer 
of title or interest by wri'.ing. 3. The writing by which 
an interest is transferred. •!. The appointment or designa- 
tion of causes or actions in court, for trial on particular 
days. — .'). In law the conveyance of the whole interest 
which a mar has in an estate, usually for life or years. 

AS-srG.\-<»R', (as se nor ) n. An assigncr ; u person who 

a.'isicns or transfers an iiiterrst. 
AS SIM I LA-BIJ;, a. That may be assimilated. 
AS-SI.M l-LATE, V. t. (L. asximilu.] I. To bring to a like- 
ni's-i ; to caus3 to resemble. 2. To convert into a like 

57 ASS 

AS-SIM'l-LATE, r. i. ]. To become similar. S. To b« 
converted into a like substance. 

AS-Sl.M l-l..\-'li;i), ;;;,. Brougtit lo a liienesB ; chaajed 
into a like subi^taiice. 

t AS-*;iM'l-I,.\TK-.NESS, 71. Likeness. Vict. 

AS-J<IM'I-L.A-TIN(;, ppr. Causing to resemble ; converting 
into a like substance. 

AS-SiM-l-LA'TIO.N, ti. 1. The act of bringing to n resem- 
blance. 2. The act or process by which bodies convert 
other bodies into their own nature ai J substance. 

AS-Sl.M'I-L.A-TIVE, u. Having power of cuuverting to m 
likeness, or to a like substance. 

t AS-SIM L'-LATE, r. £. [L. oisimulo.) To feign. 

t AS-SIM-U-LA'TION, n. A counierleiting. S«« Simula- 

ASi^l-NEGO, 71. [Port.] An ass. .Sir T. Iln-btrt. 

AS-SIST', V. t. [L. OKSisto.] To help ; to aid ; to succor ; to 
give support to in some undertaking or elTort, or in Uia* 
of distress. 

AS-SIST', r.i. To lend aid. 

AS-SIST'ANCE, n. Help ; aid ; furtherance succor ; a 
contribution of sup[Mirt. 

AS-SIST'.\.N'T, a. Helping ; lending aid or suppcrt ; auxil- 

AiS-i^IST'.ANT, n. One who aids, or who contributes hla 
strength, or other means, to furllier the designs or welfare 
of another ; an auxiliary. 

t .^.<-.SIi<T'.\S'T-LY, udc. So as to assist. Sternhold. 

AS-SIST'EI), pp. Ilcliied; aided. 

AS-SIS'1''EU, 71. One that lends aid. 

A.S>1ST'I.NG, ppr. Helping; aiding; supporting willi 
strength or means. 

ASSIST'LESS, a. Without aid or help. Pope. 

A>S-SiZF:', or .AS-SrZRS, 71. [Fr. assises, and sometimes 
so written in English.] 1. Originally, an assembly of 
knights and other substantial men, with a baili!! or jus- 
tice, for public business. 2. A court in England, held in 
every t<iunty by special commission to one of the judge*., 
who is called a justice of tlie agnize, and empowered to 
take assizes, that is, the verdict of a jury called tlie asstie. 
3. A jury 4. A writ. 5. A particular species of renta. 
6. The time or place of holding the court ol a.-^.^i-.e. 7 Id 
a more general sense, any court of justice. C. A statute 
of regulation ; an ordinance regulating the weight, meas- 
ure, and price of articles sold in market ; and hence tJie 
Word came to signify the weight, measure, or price its«lf 
This word is, in a certain sense, now corrupted into sue, 
which see. 

AS-SIZE', V. t. To fix llie weight, measure, or price of 
commodities, by an ordinance or regulation nf aulhoiity. 

AS-SIZ'ED, (as-slzd ) pp. Regulated in weight, measure, 
or price, by an assize or ordinance. 

AS-SIZ FU{, 71. .'\n officer who has the care or insiieclion of 
weights and measures. 

AS-SlZ'OR, 71. In Scotland, a juror. Bailey. 

XSS'-LIKE, a. Resembling an ass. Sidnei/. 

t .A.>^-S6'BE1{, r. t. To keep under. Ooinr. 

AS-SO-CIA-BIL I-TY, n. The quality of being capable of 
association ; the quality of suffijrinj some change by sym- 
pathy. Daririn. 

.IS-So'Cl-V-BLE, (as-soshabn a. 1 . That may be joined 
to or associated. — 2. In a medical sense, liable to be af- 
fected by sympathy. 

AS-S6 CIATE, (as so shate) r. t. [Fr. associer : L. a*.--i)cii7.] 
I. To join in company, as a friend, companion, partner, 
or confedrrate. 2. To unite in the same m:L<s. 

AB-So'Cl.VTE, f. I. 1. To unite In company ; to keep com- 
pany, implying intimacy. 2. To unite in action, or be 
affi'cted by the action of a differ 'nt part of i/ic body. 

AS.Sd (MATE, a. Joined in interest, purjiose, or office ; 

AS-Su t'lATE, 71. 1. A companion ; one freqiienlly in 
company with another ; a mate ; a fellow. 2. .V partner 
in interest, as in business ; or a confederate in a league. 
3. A companion in a criminal ; nn accon>piice. 

.A.S-Sd CI.\-TED, pp. United in company or In interest ; 

AS-So CI.\TE SHIP, 71. The state or office of an associate 

AS-SdiflA-TING, ppr. Uniting in company or in interest , 

AS^«i>C'l .\'TIfl\, TI. 1. The art of a-wciating; union; 
connection of persons. 2. I'nion of pers<in» in acomp-aiiy ; 
a society formed for tmnsncliiig or carrying on some busi- 
ness for muliKil advantage ; a partnership ; a confederacy 

3. I'nion of things ; apposition, as of particles of mattei 

4. Union or connection of idea-s. .\n association of iJra.i, 
is where two or more ideas constantly or naturnlly follow 
each other in the mind, so that one almait infallibly pro- 
duces the other. .'1. An exertion or change of some ex- 
treme p;irt of the sensory residing in the muscles or organs 
of sense, in consequence of some antecedent or attendant 
fibrous ronlrnclions. Daricin. — G In ecclesiastical ajfairt, 
a society of the cleigy. 

See Synopsis MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ;— BtJLL, UNITE.— C as K ; ti u J ; S aa Z ; CII as SH ; TII as In this, f Obecltt*. 




A.HSO(.'l A'H'ION AL, a. I'urtiilnlng U> an ai«(ic!aliuD or 

AH-r^(''l'l A 11 Vi', a. Having tlio (|iinlity of aiutocluttng, ur 

of liniiR iiir.i led liy iiyiii|i;illiy 

tAS-S(l<'l.\ l'(IK,H. A Ciinrfilcriito. Pruden. 
AS SOI I.', r. C. |(Jlil i'r.; L. uiiuU'u.J i'u kiIvo j to re- 
IciiHC ; In iilisiilvti. Mcih 
I AS SOI IV, t) (. [I'r. .ioui//er.] To noil ; lun'nin. 
ASW* NAN(;i;, H. [Kr.] i{C!*cml)laiic<:<>r)i<iii..iJn.— [n rhrl- 
tiric mill p^ietry, n a-niTiibluiico In louriil ur tfrriiliiutic n, 
wiiliou' iiiakiiii; rliyiiic. 
ASSO NA.N'I", u. Having a rcnembl.incc (if umindii. 
t AS'Si I NATl;, I), i. [L. uj.vunu.J 'J'<i Hiiiind like n bell. 
ASSOKI'', V. t. (Fr. a.<.«>r{ir.| 1. 'I'o ■i<|i.irate and dU- 

tribule into clasfifa. 3. 'i'o fnrriliih willi nil Hortii. 
>'^S( IKT' V. i. 'I'o ngrr<- ) to bt- in nccordanw willl. 
aS-SI )in" Ll), pp. 1. Dutribiited Into Hnan, kinds, or 

clasiioi. 2. I-urnl»lird Willi nn a-ssorlnii'iit. BurLr. 
AS^^OIIT ING, ppr. Stparaling into sorl-s ; supijIyiiiB with 

nil lugnrtinnnt. 
AS-SOR'I'.MJj.NT, n. 1. The net of distributing into sorts. 
2. A mass or quantity of various kindn or sorts ; or a nuin- 
!>*r of tilings assorted, 
f AS-S») I". V. t. To infatuate ; to besot. Spcn^rr. 
AS-i}V XOk' , (na-BWijc') v. t. To soften ; to allay, mitigate, 
ease, or lessen, ns pain or grief; to appease or pacify, as 
passion nr tumult. 
AS-SI'At;i;', r. I. 'I'o abate or subside. Ocn. viil. 
AS-Si;A(";'F,b, (as-swajd') pp. Allayed ; mitigated j eased ; 

A»-SUA(iK'ME.VT, n. Mitigation ; abatement. 
AS-SlIAG'KIt, n. One wiio allays ; that wUicli mitigates or 

AS-SUAt;'IXG, p;>r. Allaying; mitigating; appeasing; 

AS-SUA'8IVE, a. Softening ; mitigating ; tranquilizing. 

t AS-SUBJECT, r. t. [Fr. asftuuhjcctir.l To make subject, 
t AS-SUn'JU-GATE, v. t. To subject to. Shak. 
t AS-SUE-FAOTION, n. [h. assuefacio.] The act of ac- 
customing. Hrojcn. 
A*SU5-TUDE, (as'swe-tude) n. [h. assuctudo.] Custom; 

haoit ; habitiLil use. Bacon. 
AS-SCME', r. I. fL. as;.umu.] 1. To take, or take upon 
one. 2. To arrogate ; to seize unjustly. 3. To take for 
granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact. 
AS-SO.ME', V. t. 1. To be arrogant; to claim more than is 
due. — 2. In /aic, to take upon one's self an obligation ; 
to undertake or 
A3^S0M'ED, (as-suind') pp. Taken; arrogated; taken 

wilhnnt proof; pretended, 
t AS-Su'ME.N'T,?!. [lj.assiimentum.'\ A piece or patch set on. 
AS-SC'M'ER, n. One who assumes ; an arrogant person. 
AS-SO.M'iNG. ppr. Taking; arrogating; taking for grant- 
ed ; pretending. 
AS-J?t'.M'I\(;, a. Taking or disposed to take upon one's 

self more than is just ; haughty ; arrogant. 
AS-SOM'INc;, n. Presumption. Jonson. 
AS-SLJMPSIT, n. [pret. tense of L. assiLmo.'\ 1. In law, 
a promise or undertaking founded on a consideration. 
2. An acti u founded on a promise, 
t AS-SUMPT', r. t. To take up ; to raise. Sheldon. 
t AS-SirMPT', n. That which is assumed. 
A3-SU.Ml"TIO.\, n. [L. assumpUo.] 1. The act of taking 
to one's self. 2. The act of taking for granted ; supposi- 
tion. 3. The thing supposed ; a postulate or proposition 
assumed. — in loiric, the minor or second proposition in a 
categorical syllogism. 4. A consequence drawn from the 
proposition of which an argument is composed. 5. Un- 
dertaking ; a taking upon one's stMf. Kent.. — 6. In the 
Jiotni-ih churr.h, the taking up a person into heaven, as 
the Virgin .Mary. Also, a festival in honor of the mirac- 
ulous ascent of Mary. 7. Adoption. 
AS-SUMP'TIVE, a. That is or mav be assumed. 
AS-St"R.\NCE, (as-shu'-ranse) ii. [Fr.] 1. Tlie act of as- 
suring. 2. Firm persuasion ; full confidence or trust ; 
freedom from doubt ; certain expectation ; the utmost 
certainty. 3. Firmness of mind ; undoubting steadiness ; 
Intrepidity. 4. Excess of boldness ; impudence. 5. 
Freedom from excessive modesty, timidity, or bashful- 
ness ; laudable confidence. 6. Insurance ; a contract to 
make good a loss. [See Insurance.] 7. Any writing or 
legal evidence of the conveyance of property. f>. Con- 
viction. — 9. In thcolotrtj, full confidence of one's interest 
in Christ, and of final salvation. 
AS-SPRE', (ash-shrire') r. t. [Fr. assurer.] 1. To make 
crtain ; to give confidence by a promise, declaration, or 
ciher evidence. 2. To confirm ; to make certain or se- 
cure. 3. To embolden ; to make confident. 4. To make 
secure, with o/ before the object secured. 5. Toatfiarcc ; 
to betroth. \Obg.] Shak. G. To insure ; to covenant to 
indemnify for loss. See Insure. 
A^^jSi'R'EO, (ash sburd')pp. Made cerUin or confident; 
made secure ; insured. 

AH SC'R'EI), (n«h ■bur'-ed, or uili-nhOrd') a. CerUin ; tnda- 

bitalilr ; iiol doubting ; Itolit (o eicciu. 
AS .-^r K l;U LY, (lub ahui' cd ly; ado. Certainly ; indubl- 

ASSCR'EI) NE»S, 'ojh-ibOr'ed nnii; n. The ttate of be- 
ing niuurcd i certainty ; full conlldence. 
AS .-()K'i;it, (anil nhur' crj n. (ine who uMurrs ; one who 

inNureH ngnirmt Iosh ; an iiiHurvr or underwriter. 
AS-Slj'tt'CK.V'J', a. iL. aaaurgeiu, a»urjfv.J Uuing up- 
wards in an arcli h.aiun. 
A.'^SL'R'I.Nf;, ppr. Making luro or conOdent ; giving lecu 

rity ; confirniing. 
AS-SU'AOI-:'. Hee AtiUAOE 

AS''i'A-<;iTE. ( n. [(;r. airraitov and >iOov.) Petrified 

AH'TA-COLITE, i or f(»»il craw linh, and other truflla- 

ceoux animals ; called also camrUes, crabUes, and gam- 


AS'l'K-IS.M, n. [(Jr. acrtiof.] In rheloric, genteel irony ; • 

polite and ingenious manner of deriding another 
AS'TKR, II. |(;r. aartip.] A genus of plants will) corapnand 

AS-TiiTlI-AS, or ASTER, n. [Or. aarijp.] Stella viarina, 

sea slur, or star fish. 
AS-Tk'K1-A-TEI», a. Radiated ; presenting diver^ng rays, 

like a star. Clravcland. 
AS-Tk'KI-A-TITE, n. Petrified astcri.ifl. 
ASTERISK, n. [Cr. acrtpicKo';.] The figure of a star. 

thus. *, used in printing and writing. 
AS'TER-ISM, 71. [lii. auTcpiapoi.] 1. A constellation ; a 
sign in the zodiac. 2. .An a-sterisk, or mark of reference. 
AS''i'E-RITE, or star-stone. i>>c Ajtritk. 
A-STERN', adv. 1. In or at the hinder port of a ship ; or 
towards the hinder part, or backwards. 2. liebiiiu a 
ship, at any indefinite distance. 
AS TJ^ROI L), n. [Gr. aoT>)p and fi^oj.l A name given by 
Hcrschel to the newly discovered planets t>elween the 
orbits of Mars and Jupiter. 
AS-1'Iv-ROlU'AL, a. Resembling a star; or pertaining to 

the asteroiiJs. Joum. of Science. 
AS'TE-RO-PODE, ) n. [Gr. aarnp and vov{. voiot.] A 

AS-TE-RO-PO'DI-UM, ( kind of extraneous fossil. £■- 

t AS-TERT', 1-. t. To startle. Spenser. 
ASTHENIC, (as-ten'ik) a. [Or. a and aQcvos.] Weak ; 

characterized by extreme deoility. 
AS-THE-NOL'O GY, n. [Gr. a, aOtiof. and Xoyof.] Tlie 

doctrine of diseases arising from debility. 
ASTH'MA, (ast'ma) 71. [Gr. acdfia.] .\ shortness of breath ; 
intermitting difiicully of breathing, with cough, etroit- 
ness, and wheezine. 
ASTH-M.VT'IC, a. Pertaining to asthma ; also, affected by 

t AS-TIP'U-L.\TE, for Stipulate. 
t AS-TIP-U-L.aTION, for Stipulation. 
t AS-ToNE', or t -AS-TON'Y, v. t. [Ste AiT05liH.] To ter- 
rify or astonish. Chaucer. 

t AS^TON'lFl) (''''■ -^'onisbed. Spenser. Milton. 

t AS-TON'IED^NESS, ti. The state of being astonished 

AS-TON'ISH, r. t. [Old Fr. estonnrr, now itonner ; L. at- 
tono.] To stun or strike dumb with sudden fear, terror, 
surprise, or wonder ; to amaze ; to confound with some 
sudden passion. 

AS-TON'ISHED, pp. Amazed ; confounded with fear, sur- 
prise, or admiration. 

AS-TO.\'lSH-ING,ppr. Amazing; confounding with won- 
der or fear. 

AS-TO.\'ISH-ING, a. Very wonderful ; of a nature to ex- 
cite great admiration or amazement. 

AS-TO.N'ISII I.\G-LV, arfr. In a manner or degree to ex- 
cite amazement. Bp. Flettirond. 

AS-TO.\'ISIl-L\G-NESS, n. The quality of exciting aston- 

AS-TON'ISH-MENT, 71. Amazement; confusion of mind 
from fear, surprise, or admiration, at lui extraordinary or 
unexpected event. 

AS-TOUND', V. t. To astonish ; to strike dumb with 
amazement. [From Old Fr. eslonnrr.] 

t ASTor.M)', t). i. Toshake ; to stun. Thomson. 

ASTRAIVDI.E, ade. With tiie legs across a thing, or on 
difTerent sides. 

ASTRAGAL, 71. [Gr. acrrpayaXos.] 1. In architecture, a 
little round molding, which surrounds the top or bottom of 
a column, in the form of a ring. — 2. In jrunnery, a round 
molding on cannon near the mouth. — .'!. In anatomy, tlie 
huckle, ankle, or sling bone ; the upper bone of the foot, 
supporting the (lAi'a. Coie. — A. In /lutany, tlie wood-pea ; 
the milk vetch; the licorice vetch. 

AS'TRAL, a. [L. astmm ; Gr. a<rn;p.] Belonging to the 
st.ars ; starry. Drydrn. 

A-STRAV, adv. Out of the right way, or proper place 

• SiC SvTippsis. 1, £, I, C), C, T, /on;T._FAR, FALL, WHj^T •,— PR£V ;— PLN, M.VRL\E, BIRD ;— t Obiolcti. 


AS-TRE'A, n. [Gr. aartip^] The goddess of justice. Encyc. 
AS-TKieT', V. t. [L. astriiiffu, aUrictas.] To bind fast, or 
compress. [jVof vtucU used.] 

Ai>-'J'KI€T', o. Compendious; contracted. IVeevtr. 

A.S-'l'lUeT'KD, pp. liound fast ; compressed with ban- 

AS-TRieT ING, ppr. Binding close ; compressing ; con- 

AS-THlt;'TIO.\, V. 1. The act of binding close. 2. .\ 
contraction of paits by applications ; the stopping of hem- 
orrhages. Cvzc. 

AivTKI€T'IVK, a. Binding ; compressing ; styptic. 

AS-TR]€TO-KY, a. A.^tringent ; bindii;g ; apt lo bind. 

A-STUlUK', ado. With the legs open, iludibrai. 

A.S-TKIF'KR-OUS, a. [h. aslrifcr.] Bearing or containing 
stars. [LUtle used.] 

t AS-TRlcJ'ER-OUS, a. [Low h. astriger.] Bearing stars. 

AS-TRINGE', i>. f. [h. astriiigo.] To compress; to con- 
tract by pressing the parts together. 

AS-TRIIV'G'ED, (as-trinjd') pp. Cotnpressed ; straitened ; 

AS-TR1i\G'EN4';Y, n. The power of contracting the parts 
of the body ; tnat qtiality in medicines which bnids, con- 
tracts, or strei gthens parts which are relaxed. 

AS-TR1.\G'ENT, a. Binding ; cuntracting ; strengthening ; 
opposed to Inzatiee. 

AS-TKING'ENT, n. An astringent medicine. 

AS-TRINiJ'ER, n. A falconer tliat keeps a poss hawk. 

AS-TRI.\ti'lNG, ppr. Compressing; binding fast; con- 

AS-TRITE , 71. [Gt. aarvp.] An extraneous fossil, called 
also asleria and aslroU. 

AS-TROG'RA-PIIY, n. [Or. anrnp, or aarpov, and ypaAui.] 
A description of the stars, or the science of describing 

AS'TUOFT, ?i. ]. Star-stone. [.See Astrite.] 2. .\ species 
of petrified madrepore. 

AS'TR(J-LAItE, n. fOr. aor;?^ and Xuj^tiv.l 1. An instru- 
ment fhrmerly usea for taking the altitude of the sun cjr 
stars at sea. 2. A stereographic projection of the sphere. 
3. Among the ancients, the same as the modern arviillanj 

AS-'l'ROL'O-ftER, )n. [L. aslrologu.':.,] ]. One who 

A.S-TRO-Lo'GF-AN, j professes to foretell future events 
by the aspects and situation of the stars, .^strulnirian i-- 
little used. 2. Furmerly, one who understood the mo- 
tions of the planets without predicting. Raleigh. 

a1-TRO-LO(-;'i^AT., \ "• Pt^rtaining to astrology. 

AS-TR(J-LOi';'l-CAL-Ly, ndr. \n the manner of astrology. 

A.-^-TROLO-OilZE, r. i. 'i'o practice astrology. 

AS-TROL O-ClY, 71. A science which teachrs to judge of 
the elfects and influences of the stars, and to fort-tell fu- 
ture events, by their situation aiul different aspects. 

AS-TKoN'i ) .MER, n. One who is versed in .-istronomy. 

AS 'l'K(».N(iM'l-€AI. i "• I^<^r'aining to astronomy. 

AS-'rRO-.NOM'l-eAL-LY, adr. In an astronomical man- 
ner ; by the principles of astronomy. 

AS-TRON O-AIIZE, v. i. To study astronomy. Bruicn. 
[Little tised.] 

AS-TRON'O-MY, n. [Gr. aarpov and vofioq.] The science 
which teaches the knowledge of the celestial bodies, 
their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolu- 
tion, aspects, eclipses, order, &.c. 

AS TR0-Sf"01'E, 71. [Qi. aarpov and ckotcw.] An astro- 
nomical instrument. 

AS'TRO-SCO-l'V, 71. Observation of the stars. 

AS'THO-TIIE-OEiO-GY, 71. [E. uUrum and thcolo^a.] 
'I'lii-ology founded on the observation of the celestial 

A-.S TRUT', adv. In a strutting manner. 

T A-STUN', r. t. 'I'o stun. 

AS-TOTE', a. [I., asiutus.] Shrewd ; sharp ; eagle-eyed ; 
critically examining or discerning. 

A-SIINI)'ER, ai/r. \^:\x. asutidrian.] Apart; into parts; 
separately ; in a divided state. 

t A-SW'OfiN , arfw. In a swoon. Oower. 

A-SV'IiUM, 71. [\..] 1. A sanrtuary, or place of refuge, 
where criminals and deblors shrllir tliiiiiselvcs from jus- 
tice. 2. Any place of retreat and security. 

A-SYM'ME TRAI,, ) n. f.Src Stmmktbv.1 Not having 

AS-YM-METIM-CAE, ( syminetry. More. [Utile xued.\ 

A-SVMME-TRY, ». [Gr. n and (romitrpia.] The want of 
proportion bfJ.wcen the parts of a tiling. 

ASYMPTOTE, 71. [Gr. a, <7Dr, and irrow.] A line which 
approaches nearer and nearer to some curve, but, tliough 
infinitely extended, would never meet it. 

AS-YMP-TOT'I-CAL, a. Belonging to an asymptote. 

A-SY.N'DE-TON, 71. [Gr. a and avv!ieti).] In grammar, a. 
figure which umita the connective ; as, tieni, vidi, vici. 

59 ATL 

AT, prep. [<a.T at ; Goth, at.] In general, at d^tintfi near- 
ness or presence , as, at the ninth hour, at the Imuse , bul 
it is less definite than 1,1 or vn . ai the house, may be m 
or near the house. It denotes, also, toicards, rersus ; aa, 
to aim an arrow at a mark. From tliii) original import 
are derived all the various uses of <i(. ^t the sight, is 
villi, present, r cuming Uie sight ; at this news, prestiU 
the news, on or wilh the approach or arrival of this news. 
.^t peace, at war, in a stale of peace or war, |>eace or 
war existing, being jireseiu ; at ease, at play, at a loss, 
&.C., convey the like idea. 
AT A-BAL, 71. [^Sp.] A kettle drum ; a kind of tabor 
A-TACA-MITL, 11. A muriate of copper. 
AT A-GAS, II. The red cock or moor game. 
AT-A-.M.\i5'€U, 71. A species of .ily of the genus oma- 

AT'A-RAX-Y, n. [Gr. arapaxoi.] Calmness of miud ; a 

term used by the Stoics. 
A-T.\X'V, 71. [Gr. a and ra|i{.] Want of 1 rder ; disturb 

ance ; irregularity in tlie functions of the b dy. 
ATCHE, 71. In Turkey, a small silver coin , value about 

six or «evcn mills. 
ATE, the preterit of eat, which see. 
A'TE, (a'-ty) 71. [Gr. ari?.] In pagan mythology, Uie giKJ- 

dess of mischief. 
A-TEE'EAN, a. Relating to tlic dramas at Atella. 
.■\-TEL'EA.N, 11. A dramatic representation, satirical or li- 
centious. Shaftcsl-ury. 
ATEMP'OGI -US'TO. [It.] A direction in music, which 

signifies to sine or play in an equal, true, or just time. 
ATH-A-\.^'SI.VN, a. Pertaining lo AUianasius or bit 

.'VTll-.'V-N.^'SIAN, 71. He who espoused the doctrine of 

Athanasius. hatcrland. 
ATH'A-.N'OR, 71. A digesting Aimace, formerly used iit 

chemical operations. 
.\'THE-li<M, 11. The disbelief of the existence of a God, of 

supreme intelligent Being. 
.A'TIIE-IST, II. [Gr. abcoi.] One who disbelieves tlie ex- 
_ istence of a Goa, or supreme intelligent Being. 
A'TIIE-IST, a. Atheistical ; disbelieving or denying the 

being of a sujirenie (Jod. 
A-TllE-ISTMC, la. 1. Pertaining to atheism. 3. Dis- 
A-THE-IST'I-C.\L, ( believing theexistence of a God ; 

impious. ;i. Implying or containing allieism. 
A-TIIE-IST'I-CAL-LY, adu. In an atheistic manner; im- 
A-THE IST'I-C.VL-NESS, ji. The quality of being athe>- 

t A'THE-IZE, r. i. To discourse as an atheist. 
A-THEL, A DEL, or ilvTIIEE, noble, of illustrious birth. 

Sax. <rrfp/, irthrl ; G. adel ; as in Mhelnig, a nobis 

youth ; Kthclred, noble counsel. 
.\TH-E-Ne UM, 71. A reading-room. 
A-THf.'NI-A.N, a. Pertaining lo Athens, the metropolis of 

.Attic;!, in Greece. 
.\_-TllK'NI-A.\, 71. A native or inhabitant of .\thens. 
•VTIl-E-O-Lo G[-.W,/i. One who is opposed l^^ a theologian 
TATII-E-OL'O-GY, 71. Atheism. Swi/l. 
t A'THE-OUS, a. Atheistic: impious. Milton. 
ATIl'E RINE, or ATll-E-BI'NA, 71. A genus of fishes 

the abdominal order. 
ATlI-E-RoMA, or ATII'E-EOME, »i. [Gr. from aOr,pa [ 

.\n encysted tumor. 
ATII-E-ROMA-TOUS, a. Pertaining to or resembling » 

allierome. IViseman. 
.\-TIIiR.~^T', 0. 1. Thirsty ; wanting drink. 2. Having » 

keen appetite or desire. 
ATII'LkTE, 71. A contender for victory. 
ATII-EETMC, a. [Gr. aO\nr>)i.] I. Belonging to wres- 
tling, boxing, running, and other exercises. 2. Strong , 

lusty ; robust ; vigorous. 
ATHWART', prrp. 1. Across; from side to side ; trans- 
verse.— 2. In marine language, across the line <if n «hip'M 

course ; as, a fleet standing alhicarl our course. Mar, 

A-Tn\\'ART', adv. In n manner to cn«s ond perplex , 

crossly ; wrong ; wrongfully. 
A-Tl LT', adr. 1. In the manner of a tiltcr ; in the posi 

tion, or with the action, of a ninn making a thrust. 2. In 

the manner of a ca.>ik tilled, or with one end nii>ed. 
.\T'1~MY, n. [Gr. 'iri;iin.] In ancient Qrrrce, disgrace : 

exclusion from othce or magistracy, ty some disqualify 

ing act or decree. 
AT-I>AN'T1 AN, or AT I.AX-TE'AN, a. 1. Pertaining to 

the isle ,\llantis, wliiih the ancients alledKC w:li sunk 

and overwhelmed by the ocean. S. Pertaining to .Vll.ts ; 

p^senibliiiR Alias. 
AT-EAN'TIC. n [from Atlas or Jttlantii ] Pertaining to 

till' Atlantic ocean. 
AT-I.A.V'Tir. 11 The ocean, or that part of the ocean, 

which is between Europe and Africa on Uie east and 

America on the west. 

> See Sj/nopsui. MOVE, BOOK, DOVE j— B^JLL, UNITE ;—€ a» K ; M J ; S a» Z ; CII as SH ; TH ai In this. | Ohiolut 




Ari.AN'Tt CA, fir ATLANTIS, n. An liiln 
t>y dm nii'-lriilM, mluutcil wuut of 4jailc», or (.'iidiz, uii tlia 
Mruit nftliliraltar. 

A'l' I.A.N 'I'l l>i:*, n. A name given to (he Ptrladcii oriievvii 

AT-I.AN'TIH, n, A nnlliou)! philonniiliirnl conimonwt^nltli 
or lAiril Itacon, or tlip pifce ili-KcrlhinK It. 

AT l.,\^, n. J. A coll(;ctiiiii of inujM in a volume -, mipponril 
III h<! MO cnlied rroin a plctiiri! nf nnnnit Alltw, iiii|i|KirtiiiK 
tlir licavriiH, prnllxril to MiMiii- collnrtlon. Juhiiinn. 'J. A 
larKf, fU|iiaru rol>0| ri'Hi'inliliiig a voIiimui of iii:i|M. It. 'I'lie 
Diipiiortcnt of n building. 1. .A mlk icitln. or muir, nianii 
fuctu -fd In till- Knut. .I. Tin" firnt vcrtidiro of tliu neck. 
(i .V term i pplicd to p:i|H-r, an uU(i.-< lino. 

ATMOM K-'l'KR, n. ((Jr. ur/iof and (Krpfu.l An in»trii- 
iiii'iil to tneiuiirc the ipiantily ol' exIial.iliDii Troni a liiiiiijd 
■HUrraCH in a given tiino ; nn cviiporoineter. 

ATMtW rili; IK, «. [Cr. ar/tof and a(f)iiipit.] The whole 
ma-ss of lluif , ronsisiing of air, arpicouit and other vapors, 
Hurroiinding (he earth. 

AT MtKS Hill- A'M:, ) a. 1. rertaining tntheatmfwptierp. 

AT-M'>S rilKit'l-CAL, ( 'J. Dependent on tin: ainiospliere. 

AToMjM. [^'.r.aTo^o<, \,. atomu.^.] 1. A particle of mat- 
ter »o iniiinli! a.s to admit of no division. 1!. 'J'lie ultimate 
or Rinallest component part of a body. ;>. .'Vny thing ex- 
tremely SllkUll. 

A-T()M'ie, ) a. Pertaining to atoms ; consisting of 

A-TOiM'l-CAI., \ atom!); extremely minute. 

AT'<).\l-l!«.\l, n. The doctrine of atoms. 

AT'O.M-IST, n. One who holds to the atomical philosophy. 

AT'D.M-IjIMO, a. Kesemhiing atoms. liroicne. 

ATO-M V, n. A word used by S-hakapeare for atom ; also an 
abbreviation o{ anntomy. 

AT-(l.NK', iiUv. I at and unr.] At one ; together. Sprruier. 

A-T("iNE', r. i. [supposed to be compounded of at and one] 
1. To agree ; to be in accordance ; to accord, f Thi.i suae 
w] 2. To stand as an equivalent ; to make rep- 
aration, amends or satisfaction for an otfensc or a crime. 
:(. Vo atone for, to make coirrpensation or amends. 

A-Tfy.NE', c. t. 1. To expiate ; to answer <ir make satisfac- 
tion for. Pope. 2. To reduce to concord ; to appease. 
LA«( now used.] 

A-TdN'RD, (a-tond') p;>. Kxpiated ; appeased; reconciled. 

A-Tf).VE'ME.NT, ». i. Agreement ; concord ; reconcilia- 
tion after enmity or controversy. Rom. v. 2. Expiation ; 
satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent 
fur an injur)-. — li. In ihcolnffii, the expiation of sin made 
'iv the obedience and personal sufferings of Christ. 

/v-.^'>.N'ER, n. He who makes atonement. 

A-TO."^'"'t;, u. Relaxed ; debiliuited. 

A-TfiN'lNO, ppr. 1. Reconciling. 2. Making amends, or 

AT()-\Y, Ti. [Hr. arovia.] Debility; relaxation; a want 
of tone or tension ; defect of muscular power ; palsy. 

A TOP", ndr. On or at the top. Milton. 

AT-RA-BI-LA'RI-A.N, la. [U. atra bUi.<.] .Effected with 

AT RA-BI-LA'RI-OUS, ( melancholy, which the ancients 
ntiributed to the bile ; replete with black bile. 

AT-RA-Bl-L.\iRl-OUS NF>!5, n. The state of being melan- 
choly, or a.Tected with disordered bile. 

AT-RA-MENT'AL, ) a. [E. atramentum.] Inky; black 

AT-RA-.ME.NT'OUS, ( like ink. 

AT-RA-MEN-TA'RI-OUS, a. Like ink ; suitable for mak- 
ing ink. 

t X'TREO, a. [L. atfr.] Tinged with a black color. 

A-TRIl", adv. In nautual /ann'mijc, the anchor is atrip, 
when drawn out of the ground in a perpendicular direc- 

A-TRO'CIOUS, (I. [Ij.alror.] 1. Extremely heinous, crim- 
inal or cruel ; enonnous ; outrageous. 2. V'ery griev- 
ous ; violent. Ob.t. 

A-TRo'CIOUS-LV', aJr. In an atrocious manner ; with 
enormous cruelty or guilt. 

ATRfVtnOUS-.NES?, n. The quality of being enormously 
criminal or cruel. 

A-TRtXM-TY, n. Enonnous wickedness; extreme hein- 
onsness or cruelty. 

AT RO PIIY, n. [Gr. a and rptipto ] A consumption or 
wasting of the flesh, with loss of strength, without any 
sensible cause or hectic fever ; a wasting from defect of 

A-TROPI-A, n. A vegetable alkali extracted from the 
atrn-ia hflludonun, or deadlv nightshade. 

AT-TA(;iI', v.t. [Vr. attacher.] I. To take by legal au- 
thority ; to arrest the person by writ, to answer for a 
d«bt. 2. To take, seize and lay hold on, by moral force, 
as by alfertion or interest ; to win the heart ; to fasten or 
bind by moral influence. 3. To make to adhere ; to tie, 
hind or fasten. 

AT-TArH'A-BI,F.. a. That mav be legally attached ; lia- 
ble to be taken bv writ or precept. 

AT-T.ACH ED. (at tacho rp- Taken bv writ or precept ; 
drawn to and fixed, or united by affection or interest. 

AT TACII'lNfJ, ppr. Taking or wirinf by commandment 
or writ ; druwiii| to, and llxiiig by iiilluence ; winning 
the alleclloiH. 

AT 'I'.ACII'MK.N'I', It. 1. A taking of the iM-rxon, grxidf (.r 
ritale by u writ or pri-rept in u civil action, to rtecurc a 
debt or dciii.'iiid. 2. A writ diricdiig (lie (MrrMjii or mlati* 
of n (ivrMon (o lie t.aken, to necuri; In* appearance liefore u 
Court. :i. t'lime adherence or affection ; lidelity ; regard ; 
any paxxlon or affection that biiidji n (tervon. 

A'l' "I'ACK , r. t. [ft. attai/urr.] I. 'J'o.-u^ault ; to fall upon 
with force ; (o a^ijiail, ax with fi<rce and arms. 2. To fall 
ii|Min wi(h unfrirndly wordu or writing ; to begin a con- 
troverny with. 

AT TAtJK', n. An onwt ; flrnt lnv.Tslon ; a falling on, with 
force or violi-nce, or with cajuiiiny, Kitlre or critlrlnin. 

AT lACK Kl), at takt'^ pp. A.-uiaulted ; Invaded; fallen 
on by force or enmity. 

AT TACK i:R, n. < ine who a.^iaultJi or invades. 

AT-TAt,'K'l.\(;, ppr. AKKniiltlng ; invading; foiling on 
with force, calumny or criticimii. 

AT 'I'A cor 'lUJ, a fVrtaiiiing to the AltacottI, a tribe of 
ancient Britons, allies ol the .'-^cotn. 

AT'TA-OEN, n, A beautiful fowl, resembling the pbea*- 

AT-TAIN', r. I. fFr. and Norm, attrmdre.] 1. To reach; 
to come to or arrive at. 2. 'I'o reach ; to come to or ar- 
rive at, by an eff<irt of mind. 

AT-TAI.\', r. (. 1. To gain ; tocompasa ; to achieve or ac 
coniplish, that is, to reach by efforts. 2. To reach or come 
to a place or object by progression or motion. 3. To reacli 
in excellence or degree ; to equal. 

t AT-T.aI\ , II. Attainment. Glanville. 

AT-TAIN'A-BLE, a. That may be atuined ; that may be 

AT-TAI.N'A-BLIi-NESS, n. The quality of being attain- 

AT-TAl.VDER, n. [Norm. Fr. atteindre.] 1. Literally^ a 
staining, corruption, or rendering impure ; a corruption 
of blood. 2. The judgment of death, or sentence of a 
competent tribunal upon a person convicted of tre;i5on or 
felony, which judgment attaints, taints or corrupts his 
blood, so that he can no longer inherit lands. 3. The act 
of attainting. 

AT-TaI.\'ME.NT, n. 1. The act of attaining ; the act of ar- 
riving at or reaching. 2. That which is attained to, cr 
obtained by exertion ; acquisition. 

AT-TAINT', v.t. J. To taint or corrupt ; to extinguish the 
pure or inheritable hlooH of a person found guilty of trea- 
son or felony. 2. To taint, as the credit of jurors, con- 
victed of giving a false verdict. 3. To disgrace ; to stain 
4. To taint or corrupt. SUak. 

ATTAINT', (at tant ) n. 1. A stain, soot or taint. Shak. 

2. Anything' .ijurious ; that which impairs. [Oi.<.] Shak. 

3. .\ lilow (H wound on tlie hinder feet of a horse. 4. .K 
writ which lies after judcment against a jury for giving a 
false verdict in any court of record. 

t AT-TAINT , part. a. Convicted. 

AT-TAINT'ED, pp. Stained ; cornipted ; rendered infa- 
mous ; rendered incapable of inheriting. 

AT-TAI.NT'lNCr, ppr. Staining; corrupting; rendering in- 
famous bv judicial act ; .lepriving of inheritable blood. 

AT-TAINt'.MENT, n. The being att-iinted. 

AT-TAINT I'RE, n. A staining or rendering infamotK ; 
reproach ; imputation. 

tAT-TA.M'IN-ATE, r. f. [L. attamino.] To corrupt. 

t AT-T.ASK', r. (. To task ; to tai. Shak. 

t AT-TASTE', r. t. To taste. 

AT-TEM'PER, r. t. [L. attemprro.] 1. To reduce, modify 
or moderate by mixture. 2. To soften, mollify or moder- 
ate. 3. To mix in just proportion ; to regulate. 4. To 
accommodate ; to fit or make suitable. 

t AT-TEM PER-ANCE, n. Temperance. Chavcer. 

.\T-TEM PER-ATE, a. [L. attemperatus.] Tempered; 
proportioned ; suited. 

t AT TEM'PER ATE, r. t. To attemper. 

ATTEMPERED, pp. Reduced in quality; moderated; 
softened ; well mixed ; suited. 

AT-TEM'PER-I.N(i,;»;)r. .Modemting in quality ; softening ; 
mixinc in due proportion ; making suitable. 

t .VT-TEM'PER-I.V, adr. In a temperate manner. 

AT-TEM'PER-.MENT, n. A tempering or proportioning 
Dr. Chalmtrs. 

ATTE.MPT , r. t. [Fr. attrnter.] 1. To make an effort Ic 
effect some object ; to make trial or experiment ; to try , 
to endeavor ; to use exertion for any purpose. 2. To at- 
tack ; to make an effort upon. 

AT-TEM.PT , n. .\n essay, Uial or endeavor ; an attack | 
or an effort to gain a point. 

AT-TEM IT' A BLE, a. That may be attempted, tried oi 
attacked ; lianle to an attempt. 

AT-TEM PT'F.D, pp. F.ssayed ; tried; attacked. 

AT-TEMPT ER, n. One who attempts, or attacks. 

ATTEMPT INO. ppr. Tr>ing ; essaying; making an •¥ 
fort If pain a point ; attacking. 

• See Synopsis. A, ft, T, Ci, C, V, long.—rn.Vl, FALL, WIL^T ;— PRgV ;— PIN, MAEINE, BIRD ,— t Ohijlttt 


AT-TEND , V. t. [L. altcndo ; Fr. attendrc] ]. Togo with, 
or accompany, a* a corii|iaiiion, minister or sen'aiil. 2. 'I'o 
be present ; to accompany or b« united to. 3. To be cun- 
eeqiieiit to, from connection of cause. 4. To await ; to 
remain, abide or be in store for. [>. 'I'o wait for ; to lie in 
wait. ti. To wait or slay for. 7. To accomjKiny with 
solicitude ; to regard. U. To regard ; to fix the mind 
upon. 9. To expect. \JVut in vjsc] Haleieh. 

AT-TEND', v.i. I. 'J'o listen ; to regard with attention ; fol- 
lowed by tu. 2. 'i'o fix llie attention upon, as an object 
of pursuit ; to be busy or engaged in. 3. To wait on ; to 
accompany or be present, in pursuance of duty ; with vn 
or upon. 4. To wait on, in service or worship ; to serve. 
0. To stay ; to delay. Obs. 7. To wait ; to be within 
call. Spenser. 

AT-TEND'AiNUE, n. [Fr.] 1. The act of waiting on, or 
serving. 2. A waiting on ; a being present on business 
of any kind. 3. Service ; ministry. 4. Tlie persons at- 
tending ; a train ; a retinue. 5. Attention : regard ; care- 
ful application of mind, (i. Kxpectation. [Uhs.] Hooker. 

AT-TENl)'Ai\T, a. 1. Accompanying ; being present, or in 
the train. 2. Accompanying, connected with, or imme- 
diately following, as consecjuential. — 3. In /air, depending 
on or owing service to. 

AT-TENU'ANT, n. I. One who attends or accompanies ; 
one who belongs to the train. 2. (Jne who is present. 3. (Jne 
who owes service to or depends on anotlier. 4. 'J'hat 
which accompanies or is consequent to. 

AT-TE.ND'ED, pp. Accompanied; having attendants; 
served ; waited on. 

AT-TEN1)'ER, n. One who attends ; a companion ; an as- 
sociate, [l.iltlt used.'^ 

AT-'J'EN1)'ING, ppr. Going with ; accompanying ; wait- 
ing on ; being present : serving ; listening. 

t AT-TEi\UlN(J-LY, odj). With attention. Oley. 

AT-TEN'l'', a. Attentive. 2 Citron, vi. 

AT-TENT'ATEH, n. Proceedings in a court of judicature, 
after an inhibition is decreed. 

AT-TKN'TION, n. 1. Tlie act of attending or heeding. 
2. Act of civility, or courtesy. 

AT-TENTIVE, a. [Fr. alUntif.] Heedftil ; intent; ob- 
servant 3 regarding with care. 

AT-TE\TlVE-LY,a(/o. Ileedfully ; carefully ; with fixed 

\T-TE.NT IVE-NESS, n. The state of being attentive ; 
heedfulness ; attention. 

4T-TEN U-ANT, a. Making thin, as fluids; diluting; 
rendering less dense and viscid. 

AT-TEN'U-ANT, 71. A medicine which thins the humors, 
subtilizes their parts, dissolves viscidity, and disposes the 
fluids to motion, circulation and secretion ; a diluent. 

liT-TEN'U-ATE, v. t. [L. altcnuo.'] 1. To make thin or 
Jess consistent ; to subtili/e or break the humors of the 
hody into finer parts ; to render less viscid. 2. To com- 
vainute 3 to break or wear solid substances into finer or 
X try minute parts. 3. To make slender ; to reduce in 

AT-TEN'U-ATE, a. Made thin, or less viscid; made slender. 

AT-TEN'U-A-TED, pp. Made thin or less viscid ; commi- 
nuted ; made slender. — In bolanij, growing slender to- 
wards the point. 

AT-TEi\'U-A-'l'INtJ, pjir. Making thin, as fluids ; making 
fine, as solid substances ; making slender or lean. 

AT-Q'EN-U-AiTlON, n. 1. 'I'he act of making thin, as 
fluids. 2. The act of making fine, by comminution or 
attrition. 3. The act or process of making slender, thin 
or lean. 

AT'TEIl, n. [Pax. ater.] Corrupt matter. Shimter. 

AT'TEll-.Vl'E, V. t. [h. atlrro.] 1. To wear away. 2. To 
form or accumulate by wearing. 

AT'TEK-A-'i'El), p/). F'ormed by wearing. Rai/. 

AT-TEll A'TION, 71. The oi«-'ation of forming land by the 
wearing of the sea, and the vs r.ring of the earth in one 
place and di'iMwition of it in ancr.i "r. 

AT'Tl'K tup' ( "■ ^ spider. Ji'orlh of England, 

AT-TK8T', v.'t. [Fr. alte.-ter ; h. atte.ilor.] I. To bear wit- 
ness to ; to certify ; to atfirm to be true or genuine; to 
make a soh-inn declanition. 2. To bear witness, or support 
the truth of a fact, by other evidence than words. 3. To 
call to witness ; to invoke as conscious. 


oflicial declaration 

AT-'l'EST'EI), 7»p. Proved or supported by testimony, sol- 
emn or olliria! ; wilnrss<'<l ; siipportrd by evidence. 

AT-TKST l.\(;, ppr. Witnessing; calling to witness; af- 
firming in support of. 

AT-TESTi()K, 71. One who attests. 

AT'Tie, a. [L. .^itieiui; Gr. ArrtKOi.] Pertaining to Attica 
in Greece, or to its principal city, Athens, 'i'hiis, Jlttic 
T7it, Jlltie salt, a poignant, delicato wit, peculiar to the 
Atlienians. — ^Uic story, a. story in the upper part of a 
liousc, where the windows are usually square. 

VT-'J'|".ST', n. Witness: tc'stimony ; attestation. [L.u.] 
VT-TKS-TA'TION, 7i. I'estimony ; witness; a solemn or 

61 ATT 

AT'Tie, 71. 1. A small square pillar with its cornice on lh# 
up|H;rmost pari of a budding. 2. All Athenian ; an AUie 
man author. 

AT'Tl €AL, a. [L. atticus.] Relating to the style of Alliens ; 
pure ; classical. Jlummond. 

A f'l'I-CIS.M, 71. I. 'i'he p«culiarstyleand idiom of theGreck 
language, used by the Athenians ; refined and elegant 
Greek. 2. A particular attachment to Uie Athenians- 

AT'TI-CIZE, r. t. To conform or make conformable to the 
language or idiom of Attica. 

AT'Tl-C'IZE, r. i. To use Atticisms, or the idiom of lii« 

AT'T1€S, 71. flu. The title of a book in Pausanias, wbicll 
treats oi Attica. 

.AT-'l'INtiE', T. t. [L. altingo.] To tcucli lightly Did. 

AT-TIUE', t'. t. [Norm, atlurer.] To dress ; to array ; to 
adorn with elegant or splendid garments, 

AT-TIRE', 71. I. Dress ; clothes ; habit ; but appropriattly, 
ornamental dress. 2. The horns of a deer. — 3. In liutany, 
the generative parts of plants. 

AT-TlK'EI), (at tird') pp. Dressed ; decked with oma 
meiits or attire. 

AT-TIR'ER, n. One who dresses or adorns with attire. 

A'i'-TIR I.\G, ppr. Dressing ; adorning with dress or attire. 

t AT-'I'I'TLE, V. t. To entitle. Oovrr. 

A'J' TI-'J'L'DE, 71. [Fr. attitude.] 1. In painting and seulp- 
lure, the posture or action in which a ligur<' or statue is 
placed. 2. Posture; position of things or persons. 

AT-TOL'LENT, a. [L. attoUcns.] Lifting up; raising. 

AT-TOL'LENT, tj. .\ muscle which raises some part, as 
the ear, the tip of the nose, or the upper eye-lid ; other- 
wise called levator or elevator. 

AT-ToNE'. See Atowi. 

AT-T6RN', v.i. [L. ad and torno.l In the feudal law, to 
turn, or transfer homage and service from one lord to an- 

AT-T6UN'EY, n. ; plu. Att6rnit». [Norm, attmirvon.] 
One who is appointed or admitted, in the place of another, 
to manage his matters in law. The word formerly signified 
any person who did any business for another, .^tlomry 
general is an ofiicer appointed to manage business for tit* 
King, the state or public ; and his duty, in particular, is to 
prosecute persons guilty of crimes. 

t AT-ToRX'EY, r. t. To perform by proxy ; to employ aa 
a proxv. Shak. 

AF-TOliN'EY-.^HIP, ti. The office of an attorney ; agency 
for another. Shak. 

AT-TORN'L\G, ppr. Acknowledging a new lord, or trans- 
Cerring homage and fealty to the purchaser of an estate. 

AT-ToKN'MENT, 71. The act of a feudatory vassal or ten- 
ant, by which he consents to receive a new lord or supe- 

AT-TRACT', v.t. [Jj. attrahn, attraetu.'>.] To draw to ; to 
cause to move towards, and unite with ; to invite or al 
lure ; to engage. 

t AT-TRACT', 71. Attraction. Iludibraf. 

AT-TRACT-A-BIL I-TY, 71. The quality of being attracta. 
ble. .^siat. Rrsrarches. 

AT-TRAeT'A-lJLE, a. That may be attracted ; sutject to 

AT-TUACT'ED, Tjp. Drawn towards ; invited; allured; 

t AT-TRAGT'I€^ ) 

t AT-TR.'V€T'I-eAL ( "■ "^^''"S power to draw to. Kay. 

AT-TRAeT'lLE, a. That has power to attract. Med. Krp. 
AT-TRA€T'ING, ppr. Drawing to or towards; inviting 

alluring ; engaging. 
AT-TRA€T'I.\G-LY, adr. In an attracting manner. 
AT-'J'RAC'TIO.\, 71. 1. The power in bodies which is snjv 

posed to draw them togethei. 2 The act of attracting ; 

the efTcct of tlic principle of attraction. 3. The |K)Wer or 

act of allurinc, drawing to, inviting or engaeing. 
.\T-TRAt"r'lVE, a. | Fr. attraelif.] 1. llaviOK (he ruallty 

of attracting ; drawing to. 2. l)r;iwing to by morai iii 

fluencp : alluring : inviting ; engaginc. 
AT-TRACT'lVE-LV, arfr. With the power of attracting, 

or drawing to. 
AT-'1'RA€T'IVE-N'F.?S, 7t. The quality of being nuractlve 

or engaging. 
ATTRAt:']" OR, 71. The person or thing that attracLs. 
•AT-TRA'llENT, rt. {].. aiirahms.] Drawing to ; or, oja 

voun, that which draws to. Olanville. 
t AT-TRAI'V, r. I. To clothe ; to drc'JS. 
AT-TREC-Ta'TIO.N, n. [\,. attrcctalio.] Frequent hand- 
ling. Pin. 
AT-TRin'I'-TA-HLE, <i. That may be ascribed, imputed 

or nttrihuled ; ascribablc; imputable. 
AT-TRIli'I TE, r. f. \l.. atlHbuo.] I. To allot or attach, In 

contemplation ; loa-scribe ; to consider as belonging. 2. To 

give as duo ; to yield as an act of the mind. 3 To iin- 

rule, as to a caune. 
■PRl IIUTE, a. 1. That which is attributed ; that which 

* SteQynopsis MOVE. UOOK, DOVE;— DI.LL, UNITE.— €asK ; Cos J ; SosZ; CllafSU; THasintAu. ^ OhtOtU 



n tnntlilrrrd ns hrloiicliii; to, or Inlicrent In. 0. aimllty ; 

Chf\r«cl«riMlc iliHrniiUlon. :(. A tliinR hrhiiiginn to nn- 

nlhrr i nn a|i(H-iiilmil. ■!. Kr(iiitaliiiii ; hi-nnr. .S'/i<i*. 
AT-THIM I' 'I'l'.K, /</>. Aitcrllwil ; yifUlnl im diie ; iiii|iiitrd. 
AT-TKIM'l'' I'l.N*;, piir. Ascribing ; yielding or giving n« 

dnn i liniiiitinn. 
AT-7'lll llO'TlnN, n. The act ofBtlrihutlng, or the qunllty 

nurrilpctl 1 cdminpniliillcin. 
ATTKIB u-'I'l VK, o. IVrlainlng to or eiprcwiiig nn nttrl 

ATTIUIl'U TIVi:, n. In rrrammnr, n word iilgnincant of 

nn Bttribille ; lui nn ndjrclive, vi-rti or piirllrlf . 
AT-'l'lUTK', a. (L. u(Jn/u.<.) U urn by riibbliig or Oictlon. 

Jru'fon. See 1 RiTt. 
AT TlirrK'NESS, n. The bring much worn. 
A'l' TRI'TION, n. I. Abnwion ; thr net dlwe.iring by fric- 
tion, or rtihbing mibulnnrM toRether. i!. Thn of h«^- 

tng worn. 3. Willi f/iiiufi, pricf for niii nrlMJng from fimr 

of punishment ; tin- lowest degrfc of rrprntancc. irntlvi. 
AT-TCNI,', r. f. 1. To nnke 'J. To tune, or put 

in tune ; to adjust f)ne aound to anotlitfr ; to make accord- 

AT-'IT'N'KI), (at innd') pp. Made musical or harmonious ; 

accnminodatpd In Bound. 
AT-TCN'INC, ppr. rutting in tune; making musical, or in sound. 
t A-TVV;RI.\' adr. In twain ; asunder. Shak. 
t A-TVVKKN', (Ii/m. Bctwei-n. Speiiser. 
t A-TWIXT', adv. Jietwixt. Spenser. 
t A-TWO', mtr. In two. Chaurer. 

<\1'-BAIM:' (aubliie') n. [Vr. aubain.] The droit d^au- 
' baine. In France, Is the right of rtie king to the goods of 

an alien dying within his jurisdiction. 
^U'BURN, a. [from hrnn, bruno, Fr. and It., brown.] 
' Hrown ; of a dark color. 
AUG'TIO.V, n. [L. nuctio.] 1. A public sale of property to 

the highest bidder, and, res'i'^r'yi ''Y ^ person licensed 

and aulhori/.ed for the purpose j a vendue. 2. The thing 

sold at auction. Pope. 
t AU€'TION, V. t. To sell by auction. 
Al eTION-A-RV, a. Uclonging to an iuction or public sale. 

AU&TIO\-EER', n. [L. auctionariu.'!.] The person who 
" sells at auction. 

^U€-TI<)N-EKR', V. t. To sell at auction. Cowper. 
t'AUe'TIVF., n. Of an increasing quality. Diet. 
^I'J-eiJ-PA'TION, n. [\,. aucupalia.] The act or practice 
'of taking birds ; fowling; bird-catching. [Little vscd.] 
Arn.^'CIOL'S, a. [L. iiudaz ; I'r. audnneuT.] 1. Very 
"bold or daring; impudent. 2. Committed with, or pro- 

ceed'nj from, daring effrontery. 3. Bold ; spirited. 
AUnA'OloUS-LY, adr. In an impudent manner ; with 
' excess of boldness. Shak. 
^U-DA'CIOUS-.VESS, H. The quality of being audacious ; 

impudence; audacity. Sandys. 
^U-U.-\(>'I-TV, n. 1. Boldness, i-omffimfs in a good sense ; 
' daring spirit, resolution or confidence. 2. Audaciousness ; 
impudence ; i« a bad sense ; implying a contempt of law 
or moral restraint. 
Al'DT^-AN-ISM, n. Anthropomorphism ; or the doctrine of 
"' Audeus. 

^UD'I-BI.E, a. [L. audibilii.] That may be heard; per- 
' wivable by the ear ; loud enough to be heard, 
t AUll'l-BLH, n. The object of hearing. Diet. 
A^JIVI-BLE-NESS, n. The quality of being audible. 
AtJU'I-BLiY. adv. In an audible manner ; in a manner seas 
" to be heard. 

AUD'I-ENCE, n. 1. Tlie act of hearing, or attending to 
" sounds. 2. Admittance to a hrarinp ; public reception to 
an interview. :t. .An auditory ; an assembly of hearers. 
— -4. In the Spantah dominiovs, a court. ,'). In Kngland, a 
court held by the of Canterbury, on the subject 
of consecrations, elections, institutions, marriages, &c. 
^UD'1-EN'CE-CHAM'BEU, n. 'I'he place of reception for a 

solemn meeting. Translation ot' Boccnlini. 
,\UDI-EN'CE-e()URT, n. A court belonging to the arch- 
" bishop of Canterbury, of equal authority with the arches 
court, though inferior both in dicnily and antiquity, 
t Al'LVl-ENT, n. A hearer. Shrlton. 

^'Ourr, 71. [Ij. audit.] 1. An examination of an account, 
or of accounts, with a hearing of the parties concerned. 
0. The result of such an examination ; a final account. 
^rD'lT, c. t. To examine and adjust an account or ac- 
" counts. 

t Ain'lT, r. 1. To sum up. Jlrbulhnot. 
Afll'IT-IIOI'^JE, n. An appendage to a cathedral. 
* Arn-T"TION, 71. Hearing. 
Alirvi-TIVE, a. Having the power of hearing. 
ACD'I-TOR, 71. rt,.] I. A hearer ; one who attends to hear 
" (I discourse. 2. A person appointed and authorized to ex- 
amine an account or .ncrounus. 
AUD'I-T(1K-.^HIP, 71. TheotRceof.iuditor. 
/kUIVI-TO-RY, a. That has the power of hearing ; pcrUin- 
ing to the sense or org.ina of hearing. 


^inVITonV, n. [I., audilorium.) 1. An :iudl«ne« ; ■*» 
nxiM-iiibly of licnrern. 2. A place ur npartinrni where dl»- 
rounen lire delivered. J. A bench ( D which a judge ilU 
III hear rniixeii. 

Al'H'l THIXS, It A fem.iln hearer. Miltor 

<\l'r, 71. A fool ; n simpleton. See Oir. 

AIJfiE'AN, a. IWIongIng to .^u^tru ; n«, the 9u;eanttah\a 

,^l/(i'KI{, 71. [D. acejraar.] An Imitniment tor buriiig laT|« 

AIJ«;'KR-Hf)I,E, n. A hole made by an auger. 

AIHHIT, 'nwt) n. (.Six. ain/if, aA(, or oirihl, ohiril,oht.] 

" I. Any thing. Indefinitely. 2. Any part, the amoilest ; a 
Jot or tittle. 

AI;'<!jTTE, ". [Or. avyn-] A mineral, colled by IlaUy, pyroz- 
rnr ; often found in distinct crystals. 

.\\1 filT If, a. i'crtainiiig to augite ; resembling augile. 

ArO-.MK.N'i", v.t. [I'r. augmrntrr.] I. To incre-ise ; to 
enlarge In sir.e or extent ; to iwell ; to make bigger. 'U, 
To increa/ie or swell the degree, am< unt or magnitude. 

AnO-.ME.NT , c. i. To increaiie ; in grriw larger. 

AIKJ'MENT, 71. 1. Incre,X'<e ; enlargement by addition 
state of increase. — 2. In phihlogy, a syllable prefixed to a 
word ; or nn incrc.xse of the quantity of the initial vowel. 

AUO-ME.NT' A BLK, a. That may be increa»ed ; capable 
of augmentation. H'aUWn .Imer. Rrr. 

ACc; MENT-A'TIO.N, n. 1. The an of increasing, or mak- 
ing larger. 2. The state of being increaxed or enlarged 
3. The tiling added by which a thing is enlarged. — ^. In 
music, a doubling the value of the notes of the subject of 
a fugue or canon. 

AUG-.MENT'A-TIVE, a. Having the quality or power of 

Ai;(i.MENT'ER, ti. He that augmenU. 

AU0-ME.\T'1NC, ppr. Increasing ; enlarging. 

AU'GRE. .SfcAuoER. 

AU GRE-HOLE, n. A hole m.ade by an augre. Shak. 

AU'GUR, II. [L. augur. \ I. Among the Homans, an office 
whose duty was to foretell future events by the singing 
chattering, flight, and feeding of birds. 2. One who pre 
tends to foretell future events by omens. 

AU'GCR, r. i. To guess ; to conjecture by signs or omens | 
to prognosticate. 

AU'GUR, V. t. To predict or foretell ; as, to augur ill suc- 

AU'GU-R.\L, a. [L. auguralis.] Pertaining to an augur, or 

' to prediction by the appearance of birds. 

AU'tiU-RATE, r. i. To judge by augury ; to predict. fTar 

" burton. ILttlte used.] 

AU-GU-R.A TIO.V, 71. The practice of augury, or the fore- 
telling of events by the chattering and flight of birds. 

AU CURED, pp. Conjectured by omens ; prognosticated 

AU'GU-RER, 71. An augur. Shak. [J\'ot legiUmale.] 

AU-GCRI-.\L, a. Relating to augurs. Brown. 

fAU'GU-RIZE, r. /. To augur. 

AtJGUR-(WS, a. Predicting; foretelling; foreboding 

AU'GU-RY, 71. [L. augurium.] 1. The art or practice of 
foretelling events by the flight or chattering of birds. 3 
An omen ; prediction ; prognostication. 

AU-GUST', a. [L. augustus.] Grand ; magnificent ; ma- 
jestic ; impressing awe ; inspiring reverence. 

AU GUST, 71. The eighth month of the year, n.imed ia 
" honor of the emperor Octavius Augustus. 

AU-GUST AX, a. 1 Pertaining lo jiugustus : .ts, the jJu- 

" gust an age. 2. The .iugusian confession, drawn up at 
Augusta or Augsburg, by Luther and Melancthon, in 
15;Vn, contain* the principles of the Protestants. 

AU-GUS-TliN I-AN?, ti. Those divines, who, from Pt. .Au 

' gustin, maintain that grace is eflectual from its nature. 

AU-GUST IN?, or AU-GUS-TI.\'I-.\NS, 7i. An order of 
" monks, so called from St. Augustin. 

AU-GUSTNESS, ii. Dignity of mien ; grandeur ; magniA- 

AUK, 71. [contracted frop alea ] A genua of aquatic fowls, 
of the order of ansers. 

AUK'WARD. Sf? Awkward. 

AU-LA RI-AN, 71. I'L. aula.] At Oiford, the member of a 
hall, distinguished from a collegian. Todd. 

t AULD, a. [Sax. aid.] Old. Shak. 

AU-LETI€, a. [Gr. auX7;nicof.] Pertaining to pipes, or to a 
pipe. [Little used.] 

AU'Lie, n. [L. aulicus.] Pertaining to a roj-al court, proba- 
" blv confined to the German empire. 

AUi.N, 71. [Fr. fl't/nc] A French measure of length ; an ell 

t AU-MAIL', r. f. [Fr. email.] To figtire or variegate. 

AUM'BRY. See Ambrt. 

AUME, 71. -\ Dutch measure for Rhenish wine. 

AUNE, 71. [a contraction of aulne, ulna.] A French clod 
' measure. 

XU.NT, (Slnt) n. [L. amita ; qn. Fr. fanff.] The sister of 
one's father or mother, correlative to nrpherc or niece. 

t AUN'TER, n. Old word for adret<ture. 

.\U'RA, 71. [L.] Literally, a breeze, or gentle current cf 
" air, but used by English writers for a stream of fine pari 

• See Synapsis, i, £, I, O, C, 7, long.—FAti, F^LL, WHAT ;— PREY ;— FIN, MARINE, BIRD ;— f ObioleU. 



ties flowing from a body, as effluvia, aroma, or odor ; an 

AU KA'l'K, n. A sort of pear. 

aO UA'I'K, n, [L. auram.] A combination of the oiyd of 

" gold with a base. 

AU'RA-TEO, a. Resembling gold. 

t'A(J'KK-AT, a. FL. aiiratud.j Golden. Shelton 

AU-RE'LI-A, 71. In natural htstarij, the nymph or chrysalis 
of an insect. 

Al'-Rr: LI-AN, a. Like or pertaining to the aurelia. 

AlJ'Rie, a. [from auram.] I'erlaining to gold. 

ff.ViR\-€LE, «. [L. auricula.] 1. The external ear, or that 
' part which is prominent from the head. 2. The auricles 
of the heart are two muscular bags, situated at the base, 
serving as diverticula for the blood, during tli<^ diastole. 

AU-RICU-LA, 71. A species of primrose, called, from the 
pjiape of its leaves, bear's ear. 

,\U-Rl€'U-LAa, a. [L. auricula.] 1. Pertaining to Uie 
"ear; within the sense of liearing ; told in the ear. 2. 
Recognized by the ear ; known by the sense of hearing. 
3. Traditional ; known by report. 

AU-R1€'U-LAR-IjY, adv. In a secret manner ; by way of 
whisper, or voice addressed to the ear. 

AU-RUJ'U-LATi:, c Shaped like the ear. Botany. 

AtJ-RIC'U-LA-TED a. Having large or elongated ears. 

AU-RIF'ER-OUS, o. [L. aurij'cr.] yields or produces 


^IJ-RIfiA, n. [L. aurea, area, and rrgo.] I. T.ilrrnlljj, tlie 
director of a car, or wagon. — In astronnnnj, the \Vag'>ner, 
a constellation in the northern hemisphere. 2. The fourth 
lobe of the liver ; also a bandage for the sides. 

AU-RI-OA'TION, 71. [L. ai/rin-<(.] The act or practice of 
driving horses harnessed to carriages. 

A(J-R1 PIG-MKN'TLT.M. See Orpiment. 

AU'IUSCALP, 71. [L. auris and scalpo.] .\n instrument to 
clean the ears. 

AU'IIIST, 71. [L. auri'i.] One skilled in disorders of the 
ear, or who professes to cure them. 

AU'RoeilS, 71. [G. nroehs.] A species of ox, whose bones 
are found in gravel and alluvial soil. Jour, of Science. 

AU-Ko'ltA, II. ri>. aurura.] 1. The rising light of tlte 

" morning ; the dawn of day, or morning twilight. 2. The 
goddess of the morning, or twilight deified by fancy. 3. 
A species of crowfoot. 

.Aurora Iwrralus, or lumen horealc ; northern twilight. This 
gpecics of light usually appears in streams, a.scending to- 
wards the zenith from a dusky line a few degrees above 
tlie horizon. 

AIIRo'RAL, a. Relonping to the aurora, or to the northern 

' liehts ; resembling tlie twilight. E. Goodrich. 

AUaUJM, 71. Gold. 

jiurum fulminanx, fulminatinir ffold, is gold dissohed in 
aqua regia or nitro-muriatic acid, and precipitated by vol- 
atile alkali. 

^IJS (;UL Ta'TION, 71. 1. The act of listening, or heark- 
ening to. — 2. In medicine, a method of distinguishing dis- 
eases, particularly in the thorax, by observing the sounds 
in the part, generally by means of a tube applied to the 

AU'.>*l'l-eATE, V. t. [L. avspiror.] 1. To give a favorable 
turn to, Burke. 2. To foreshow. 3. To begin. Burke. 

^II'SI'K.'K, I n. [!_.. au.tpiciiim.] 1. The omens of an nn- 

AU'SI'I-CK?, ( dertaking, drawn from birds ; augury. 
2. Protection ; favor shown ; patronage ; inlliiencc. In 
this sense the word is generally plural, auspices. 

t AU .«iI'I"<'IATj, a. Relating to prognostics. 

a0-H1'I"('IOIJH, a. 1. Having omens of success, or favora- 
ble appoaraiice.i 2. Prosperous; fortunate. 3. Favora- 
bl(! ; kind ; propitious. 

AU SPl"('l()nS LY, adr. With favorable omens ; happily ; 

' prospirouslv j favorably; propitiously. 

All Sl'l"(;|i)l>> NRSS,7i. Astateof fairpromise; prosperity. 

^IIS'TljR, n. [I..1 The south wind. Pope. 

AU-STicRfV, a. [L. auileru.t.] 1. Peverc ; harsh; rigid ; 

' stern. 2. Sour ; harsh ; rough to the taste. 

AH-STkRE'I-V, "(/!'. .Sjverely; rigidly; harshly. 

AIJ-STk11I;'M;ss, n. I. severity in manners ; harshness ; 
austerity. 2. Uouchncss In taste. 

AII-STKli'I TV, II. 1 1,. au::leriltt!i.] Severity of manners or 
life ; rigor ; strictness ; Ivarsh discipline. 

AUS'TRAIi, a. [I,, australi^-.] Southern ; lying or being in 

" the south. 

AIJS TRAI,-.^'SIA, 71. fiiMsfrnr and .Isia.] A name given i 
to the countries situated to the souih of Asia, compre- 
hending New Holland, New fliiinca. New Zealand, &c. 

f AUSTRAL IZK, v. i. [L. auster.] To tend towards the 

AUSTRIAN, (J. Pertaining to Austria. 

AirS'TRI-AN, 71. A native of Austria. 

AUS'TRINr., a. [L. nuAfriiiu.i.] South ; southerly; southern. 

AUSiTRO MAN-CY, ti. [from ouster, and (Jr. itavrna.] 
Soothsaying, or prediction of ftiturc events, from obscpp'a- 
tion of tlie winds. 

\ AU'TAR-eilY, 71. [Gr.avTapKcia.] Self sufficiency. Coles. 

,^U-TI1E.\'TIC, ) a. [Fr. authentuftte.] i. Having a 
AU-Tlli;.N'Tl-t;AL, ( genuine original or authority, in 

oppositicii to that which is falne, ticlitiuua,or counterfeit ; 

being what it purports to be ; genuine ; true. 2. Of ap 

proved authority. 
AU-'I'lli;.\''l'l-OAL-Ly, adc. In an authentic manner} 

with the requisite or genuine autiiority. 
AU-TllKN 'I'l-CAL-NESS, «. The quality ofbeing authen- 
tic ; authenticity. 
AU-'PHKN TI-€A IF., v. t. To render autbenlic ; lo give 

authority to, by the proof. 
AU-TI1E.N'T1-€A-TEI>, pp. Rendered authentic; having 

received the fonns which prove geiiuiiiene.os. 
AU-THl!;.\'TI-e.\-TIINiG, ppr. Giving authority by the 
' necessary signature, seal, attestation, or other loriiis. 
AU-TIlE.\-TI-t'A''J"IO.\, 71. The act of autheiilicatiiig ; Ibe 

giving of authority by the necessary formalities. 
AU-THEN'TI€-JiV, adr. After an aullieiitic inaiii er. 
AU-THEN-TiCiI-'l'Y,n. Genuineness ; the quality ofbeing 

of genuine original. 
AU-'l'IIEN 'I'lt;-NES.s, 71. Authenticity. [Rarely used.] 
AU'THOR, II. [L. auctor ; t'r. auleur ; i^p. autur ; It. ub 
' tore.] 1. One who produces, creates, or brings into being. 

2 'I'lie beginner, former, or first mover of any thing ; 

hence, the elhcient cause of a thing. It is appropriately 

applied to one who composes or writes a book, or original 

t AI'THOR, r. t. To occasion ; to effect. 

Af'TllnR-E.^S, 71. A female author. 

AU-TH(JK'I-T.\-TTVE, a. 1. Having due authority. 2 

" Having an air of authority ; positive ; peremptory. 

AU-THOR'I-T.A-TIVE-LY, ai/r. In an authoritative man- 

' ner ; with due authority. 

AU-THOK'I-TA-TIVE-.NKSS, 71. The quality of being au- 

"thoritative ; au acting by authority. 

AU-THORiI-TY, 71. [L. auctoriias.] 1. Legal power, or a 
" right to command or to act ; power ; rule ; sway. 2. Tho 
power derived from opinion, resjiect or esteem ; influence 
of character or oHice ; credit. 3. Testimony ; witness ; 
or the person who testifies. 4. Weight of testimony ; 
credibility. ^. Weight of character ; resjiectabiluy ; dig- 
nity. 6. Warrant ; order ; permission. 7. Precedents, 
decisions of a court, ollicia' declarations, respectable 
opinions and sayings, also the books that contain them 
8. Government ; the persons or the body exercising [low- 
er or command. 

AU-THOR-l-ZAiTlON, 71. The act of giving authority, 01 
legal power ; establishment by r.u;nority. 

AU'i'IIOR-IZE, V. t. [Er. autonser.] 1. To give authority, 
" warrant or legal power to ; to give a right to act ; to em- 
power. 2. To give authority, cre.lit or reputation to 3 
To justify ; to support as right. 

AU'THOR-IZEO, pp. Warnmted by right ; supported by 
authority ; derived from legal or proper authority ; hav- 
ing power or authority. 

AL'THOR-I-ZING, ppr. Giving autiiority to, or legal pow- 
er, credit, or perinission. 

t AU'TilOU LESS, a. Witlioiit authority. .Sir E. Sackrille 

AlJ'THOR-SHlP, 71. The quality or state'of being an auUior. 

AUTO ni-(iG'R.\-PIIV, 71. [Gr. auTOf, and Hographv.] 
" liiography or memoirs of one's life written by himself. 

AU-TOt'H'TIION, 71. [Gr.] One who rises or grows out of 
tlie earth. 

AU-TOC'RA-SY, 71. [Gr. avrof and «parof.] Independent 
power ; supreme, uncontrolled authority. 

AU'T0-(.;RAT, AU'T0-€R.V-TER, or AU'TO CRA-TOR, 

" 71. An absolute prince or sovereign ; a title .Tssunicd by 
the emperors of Russia. 

AU TO CKA'IMC, ia. Pertaining to autocracy ; abso- 

AUT'O CUAT'I UAL, ) lute. 

AU'T0.<'RA-TRI.\, 71. A female absolute sovrrf^ign. 

.Auto da EE. [Port, art ,1/ fa,lh.] I. In 'He RomUk 
church, a solemn day held by the Inqui.silion, f..r Iht pun- 
islimmt of heretics. [Span. -^iifii f/c/c] '-'. .K s<nt«iicj 
given by the Impiisitiou, mid read to a criminal, or he- 
retic. 3. The session of the court of Inonisitiuii. 

t AU-TO-(";k'NE AL, a. [C.r. avToyniif.] Self begotten. 

.AUTO-GRAPH, or Al' TfHl'R APIIY, 71. ((Jr. ii"-o{ and 
)'pi<,'";.] A person's own hand writing ; an original man- 

AU TCKJ'RAPII.VL, a. Of the partlcuLv hand- writing of a 

.\f ■ 'I'o (JR APH'ir, ) a. Pertninine to an autograph, or 

AU TO GRAPH'I-U AL, i one's own haiiil wrIlMig. 

AU-TOM A-LfTE, II. A mineral, called by HMy, spinelU 

" lineit'irr. 

t AU-TO.M'.A TAL, n. Automntical ; automatous. 

AUTO MATH, TI. [(Jr. aiirof and payOa\u>.] One who ii 
"selftauplil. I'liun^. 

AUTd.MATir, ) a. 1. Relonglng to an aiiti maton 

AU-TOMAT'I <;AL, ) having the power of moving 

e Sytiofsis MOVE, BQQK, DOVE ;— UyLL, UNITE.— C as K ; (3 aa J ; S aj Z ; CII as SII ; Til a» InlAU f Oh»»Ul* 




I'ull ; mpchsnlcul. 2. Nol volunUiry ; nol dn;icn(llngoii 

inn will. 
AU'l''l.M'.\ 'I'ON, n. ((Jr. awr«;ioTo{.l A nrlT moving ma- 

rliinc, «ir oiio wiilcli inovfs by liiviHjIiln HiiriiiKN. 
/V'.;''r().M A 'J'C^lJri, u. ilnviiig ill ilaeir tliu power of mo- 


AlK'I'i >.N <> MOI!H,a. Iiideprndrnt In loveriimciit ; having 
' till" riRlil tif KrirgovprniMCiil. .Milfvrd. 
^I'-To.N ( I .M\', n. [(.'r. uiiro( and i'o/jo(.J 'I'liii powi-r or 

rinlit >f nflfgovcriiincnt. 
AI' r< 'I' S\', H. [(Jr. auro>/ia.l Ppmonnl fpl>wrvatlon ; ofu- 
' larvicw. UliUuiisy mid lUi ili'riviillvc!i lire rurrly uiicd.J 
Al' 'I'l >r 'i'l t'AL, a. y«;i!ii Willi oiid'm own i')i-it. 
A(;-'r()r'ri€AL,-I.Y, uUe. Ily iiicaiiii of ocular view, or 
oiir'H own ohservnllon. Ur»wn. 

• AU TOSt:lir.l»-l-A.-'l'l-CAI,,n. Ilajity iBliplit. Martin. 
.\\)'VVS\S, (nw tuin) n. 1 1-. autumnu-i. \ 'i'lie third Hfa«»n 

of llio year, or tlio neaiioii briwcrn Hiiniiiier and wintirr. 
^.ftrunomicti//!/, it Ix-gina nl llip ei|iiiiiox. wlii-n tlii; sun 
enters Ubru, ni'iJ oiid« nt tlir wiiiliT KnUtict' ; but, in papu- 
lar languofTf, autumn coiiiprwcs tfcptfiiiLer, October, iiiid 
N( vembfr. 

AUTUiM'NAL, a. Belonging to nutiiiiin ; produced or 
gnllierod in nutunin. 

yyU-TUM NAI<, ?i. A plant tliat flower."* in autumn. 

t AUTljiM M TV, n. 'I'Ik; srasmi of aiitiiiiin JIalt. 

AU.X-ii'rflH, n. [(Jr. avl,<i(Tif.] In rhrtoric, a figuro by 

" which any thine is ninRiiilu'd too iinicli. 

i\IJX-KTIC.a. .AmpliryiiiR ; increasing. Ilntrh. 

^UX-IL'IAIt,or Al!X-lL'IA-KY, a. [L. auziliaris.] Help- 
ing ) aiding ; assisting ; sub.sidiary. 

Al'X IM.\-KIKS, n. plu. Foreign troops in the service of 
nations hi war. 

/\UX-1I/1A l{V,7i. 1. Ahelper ; an a.'Jsistant ; a confederate. 

■ 0. In nrammar, a verb whirli helps to firm tlie modes 

and tenses of»;r verbs ; sui, have, lie, may, can, do, 
viiLst, shall, and ^Jill. 

t AUX-II^IATION, 71. Help. Vict. 

t Al'X-lL lATO-IlY, a. Assisting. Sir K. Sandys. 

A-V AIL', ?'. t. [Fr. »'a/oir.] 1. To profii one's self ; to turn 
to advantage ; followed by the pronouns myself, thyself, 
himself, &.C. i. To assist or profit ; to effect tlie object, 
or bring to a successful issue. 

A YAH/, V. i. To be of use, or advantage ; to answer the 

A VAIL', 71. Profit ; advantage towards success ; benefit. 

A-VAIL'.\-BLK. a. I. Profitable; advantageous; having 
efficacy. 2. Having sufikient power, force, or efficacy, 
for the object ; valid. 

A-VAIL'.\-BL3-NESSj 7i. 1. Power or efficacy, in pro- 
moting an end in view. 2. Competent power ; legal 
force; validity. 

AVA IL'.A -BLY, nrfr. Powerfully; profitably; advantage- 
ously ; validly ; efTicacioiisly. 

A-VAIL'KNG, ji;7r. Turning to profit ; using to advantage 
or efiect. 

A-VAIL'MENT, n. Profit ; efficacy ; successful issue. 
[Little used.] 

A-VAILS', n. plu. I'rofita or proceeds. It is used in JYcic 
F.ntrland for the proceeds of goods sold, or for rents, 
icsiies, or profits. 

AV-A-LA.\('HE', ) n. [Fr.] A snow-slip ; a vast body of 

AV-A-LA.\(SE', i snow sliding down a mountain. 

fA-VALE, V. t. [Fr. avalcr.] To let fall; to depress. 

t A-VALE', V. i. To sink. Spenser. 

t A-VAi\T', n. The front of an army. Sec Van. 

A-VANT-eOU-IlIER, 71. [Fr.] One wlio is despatched 
before the rest, to notify tlicir approach. 

• .\-VANT'-Gu:*KD, ji. Tlie van or advanced body of an 

A-VA.NT'U-RINE, n. A variety of quartz rock. 

AY A-RTCE, n. \\,. avaritia.] An iiuirdinate desire of gain- 
ing and possessing wealth ; Sliak. 

AV-A-KI"CIOUS, a. Covetous; greedy of pain. 

AV-A-KI ClOUS-LV, adr. Covetously; with inordinate 
desire of gaining wealth. Ooldsmith. 

AV-A-Rl ClOUS-NESi', 71. The quality of being avaricious ; 
insati:ible passion for property. 

♦ AV'A-ROl'f!, (!. Covetous. Ooirrr. 

A-VAST, frr(. [Ger. iaoita.] In scamcn''3 language, cea&c ; 

stop ; stay. 
^ A-V.KCNCEMENT, n. Advancement. Bale. 
A-VAU.NT , eiel. [\V. ibanl.] Regone j depart ; a word of 

rontempt or abhorrence. 
t.^-VAr.NT' r. t. [VL.acantare.] To boast. Jibp. Cranmer. 

* A-VAl'NT', r. i. To come before ; to advance. Spenser. 
tA-VACNT, ) 

t.V-VAUNT'ANCE, U. Roasting. Chaucer. 

» A-VAt'NT'RY, > 

i'VE .Mary, n. [from the first words of Gabriel's saluta- 
tion to the Virgin Mary ; L. arc, hail.] A fonn of devo- 
tion in the Romish church. 

A Vi;l,', r.<. [L. or<-//u.J 'I'u pull awuy. I.'tou-n. 
\V K .VA'CKOCri, u. [L. iivrnaceiLi.^ Itelotigiiig to, u 

A'Vr., n. [L. are.] An addrciu to the Virgin Mary ; an ah- 
lircviallnii oflliu .five Jluna, or .ire .Mary. 

t A vi;i,', 


iiiirtaking of the nature ofiiiiL'). 

AV'E-.N.\«jK, n. (Ir.) A cerluin quantity of onlii paid by 8 
truant to a landlord In lieu of rent ur nther duly. 

AV'EiN I;K, or A V'L.N ( m, 71. |.\orm. Fr.l In l.ngli^h 
feudal tnir, nil iilUcer of the king'* Dt.djlc, wIiom: duty WW 
to iiriivlde onlii. 

A VE.Ncii; , (a venj') tj.t. [Fr. r.rFi^tr.1 J. To lake iiatii 
faction for an injury by puninhliig the injuring party. 'J 
'J'o revenge. H. In the pasture fi'rtn. Unit verb Kignilieii lu 
have or receive Junt Katufuction, by llie puniitliuieiil uf llu; 

t A-VK.\(;E , n. Revenge. Spenser. 

t A VI;.\(;1;'A.\(;E, n. I'uni.ihiiient. 

A-VK.NG i:i>, (a-venjil'j pv. i^alwlifd by the punLnhment o( 
the olleniler ; viiidicatca ; piiiiiMhed. 

A-VENOE'.MK.NT, 71. Vcngi^ancr ; punishment; the act of 
t.'ikiiig KatLsfnction for an injury, by iiillicting puin ur evil 
on the offender ; revenge. 

A-VE.NC'ER, n. One who avengei or vindicates ; a viodi- 
cator ; a revenger. 

A-VENci'ER-Ei^S, 77. A female avenger. Spender. 

A-VENG'L\G, ppr. Executing vengeance ; taking natifliie- 
tion for an injury ; vindicating. 

AV'EN?. 71. The herb beiinet. Jlillcr. 

AV'EN-TINK, a. Pertaining to JUvns Jirentinun. 

A-VEN'Tlj'RE, 71. [Vr. aventure.] A niinchaiice canning n 
person's deatli without felony. 

Av"F/-NUE, 71. [Fr.] 1. .■Y pa.ssace ; a way or opening for 
entrance into a place. 2. An alley, or walk in a garden, 
planted with trees, and leading to a house, gate, wood, 
&.C. 3. A wide street. 

A-VER', r. t. [Fr. ai^frcr.] To afiirm with confidence ; to 
declare in a positive manner. Prior. 

AY'ER-AGE, 71. 1. In coHi7n£rrc, acfjntribution toageneral 
loss. When, for the safety of a ship in distress, any de- 
struction of property is incurred, either by cutting away 
the masts, throwing goods overboard, or other niean.f, all 
persons who have goods on board, or property in the ship, 
contribute to the loss according to their acera^e, that i*, 
the goods of each on board. 2. A mean proportion, medial 
sum, or quantity, made out of unequ;d sums or quantitiev. 
3. A small duty payable by the ship|>er3 of goods to the 
master of the ship, over and above the freight, for his 
care of the po<)ds. — 4. In England, the breaking up of 
cornfields, eddish, or roughings. — Upon, or pii a7i arcr- 
aire, is taking tlie mean of unequal numbers or quanti- 

AV'KR-A(iE, a. Medial ; containing a mean proportion 
Price. Beddoes. 

AV'ER-A6E, r. (. To find the mean of unequal sums or 
quantities ; to reduce to a medium. 

AVER-AGE, V. i. To form a mean or medial sum or quan- 

AYiER-.^CiED, pp. Reduced or formed into ,*»».ean propor- 
tion. Jefferson. 

AV'ER-.\(iING, ppr. Forming a mean proportion out of 
unequal sums or quantities. 

A-VER'ME.\T, n. 1. Aliirmation ; positive as.sertion ; the 
act of averring. 2. Verification ; eslablisliiiient by evi- 
dence. — 3. In pleading, an offer of either party to justify 
or prove what he alledees. 

A-VEK'NAT, 71. Asort of grape. ^sA. 

A-VER'NI-.AN, a. Pertaining to jJrer7i7t.«, a lake of Cam- 
pania, in Italv. 

AV'ER-PE.\-NY, 71. Money paid towards the king's car- 
riages by land, instead of ser\ ice by the beasts in kind 

A-VER'RED, (a-verd ) pp. Affirmed ; laid with an aver 

AVER RING, ppr. Affirming ; declaring positively ; offer- 
ing to justify or verify. 

AVER KOIST, 71. One of a sect of peripatetic philosophers 
so denominated from .irerrocs. 

AV-ER-Rl'Ne.\TE, r.t. [L. aterrunco.] To root up ; to 
scrape or tear awav bv the roots. 

AV-ER-RUN-CA Tl'ON, n. The act of tearing up or raking 
away bv the roots. 

AV-ER-SA'TIO.V, 71. [L. arersor.] A turning from with 
disgust or dislike ; aversion ; hatred ; disinclination, it 
is nearly superseded by aversion. 

A-YERSE', (a-ve.-s ) a. 1. Disliking; unwilling; having 
a repugnance of mind. 2. Cnlayorahic ; indisposed ; 
malign. Dryden. This word and its derivatives ought tc 
be followedby to, and never by /rum. 

AVERSE LY, (avers ly) adr. With repugnance ; unwil- 
lingly. Brown. 

A-Vl'.KPE NESS, (a-vers'nes) n. Opposition of mind ; dis- 
like; unwillingness; backwardness. 

A-%ERSIO.\, n. [Fr. aversion.] 1. Opposition or r» 
pugnance of mind ; dis'.ike ; disinclination ; reluctance. 

*SMSyw>psU. A, E, I, C U Y, ;^7i^.— FAR, FALL,\VIl.>T;-PREVi—Pl.N',M.\RiXE, BIRD i— ^ ObsaliU. 



hatred. 2 Opposition or contrariety of nature. 3. The 

cause of dislike. 
A-VERT', v.t. fL averto.] 1. To turn from; to turn off 

or away. 2. To keep off, divert, or prevent. 3. To 

cause to dislike. Hooker. 
A-VERT', r. t. To turn away. Thomson. 
A-VERT'ER, n. One that turns away , that which turns 

A-VERT'ING, p^r. Turning from ; turning away, 
i VI-A-RY, n. ]L. aviuriuin.] A bird cage ; an inclosure 

for keeping birds confined. 
A-VII) 1-OUS-LY, ado. Eagerly ; with greediness. 
A-VID'I-TY, n. [L. aviditas.] 1. Greed ness ; strong ap- 
petite. 2. Eagerness; intenseness of desire. 
AV-I-GA'TO, or AV-O-eA'UO, n. The I'ersea, or aJligator- 

VILE', t). t. [Ft. avilir.] To depreciate. Ben Jonton. 
t A-VISE', or t A-Vrso, 7i. [Fr. arts.] Advice, intelli- 
f A-VISE', V. i. To consider. Spenser. 
A-VISE MENT, 71. Advisement. See Advice and Aorisr. 
t AV'I-TOUS, a. [h.avitus.] Ancient. 
■f A.-VIZE', V. t. To counsel ; to consider. Spenser. 
AV^-CA'DO, 71. [Sp.] The name of a tree. Sec Atioato. 
t AV'O-tATE, V. t. \L. avoco.] To call off, or away. 

AV-O-CA'TION, 71. 1. The act of calling aside, or diverting 
from some employment. 2. Tlie business which calls 
aside. The word is generally used for the smaller affairs 
of life, or occxsional calls which summon a person to 
leave his ordinary or principal business, 'i'he use of this 
word for vocation is very improper. 
f A-Vo CA-TIVE, a. Calling off. 

A-VOID', V. t. [Fr. vuider, or vidcr.] 1. To shun ; to keep 
at a distance from ; that is, literally., to go or be tcide 
from. 2. To shift off, or clear off. 3. To quit : to evac- 
uate ; to shun by leaving. 4. To escape. 5. 1 o emit or 
throw out. 6. To make void ; to annul or vacate. 
A-VOID, f. i. J. To retire ; to withdraw. 2. To become 

void, vacant, or empty. 
A-V()IU AHLE, a. 1. That may be avoided, left at a dis- 
tance, shunned, or escaped. 2. That may be vacated ; 
liable to be annulled. 
A-VUIU'ANCE, 71. I. The act of avoiding, or shunning. 2. 
the act of vacating, or the state of being vacant. 3. The 
act of annulling. 4. The course by which any thing is 
carried off. 
\-V(JlD'En, pp. Shunned ; evaded ; made void ; ejected. 
A-V(JIL) ER, 71. 1. One who avoids, sliuns, or escapes. 2. 
The person who carries any thing away ; the vessel in 
which things are carried away. 
A-VOID ING, ppr. t>hunning ; escaping ; keeping at a dis- 
tance ; ejecting ; evacuating ; making void, or vacant. 
A-VOII)'IjESS, a. That cannot be avoided; inevitable. 

AV-(JIR-l)U-POIS', 71. [Ft. avoir dupoids.] A weight, of 
which a pound contains 16 ounces. Its proportion to a 
pound Troy, is as 17 to 14. This is the weight for the 
larger and coarser commodities. 
- A-\'OKE', 1'. t. [L. acuco.] To call back. Cockeram. 
AV-O-LA'TION, 71. [h.avuln.] The act of flying away ; 

flight; escape. [Little used.] 
AV'(J-.^ET, j 71. In ornitholosy, a species of fowls, ar- 
AV-CSET'TA, \ ranged under the genus recurviruslra. 
A- VOUCH', r.t. [Norm, pwuc/ier.] I. To aftirm ; to de- 
clare or assert with positiveness. 2. To produce or call 
in ; to athrm in favor of, maintain or support. 3. To 
maintain, vindicate, or justify. Shak. 
A-VOUCIl', 71. Evidence ; testimony ; declaration. Shak. 

[Little used-Y 
A-VOUCh'A-BLE, a. That may be avouched. [Little nscd.] 
A-VOUCH'ED, (a-vouchf) pp. Aflirmed ; maintained ; 

called in to support. 
.^-VOl'CII KR, n. One who avouches. 
A-VOrciri.\G, ppr. Affirming; calling m to maintain; 

AVOUCH MENT, n. Declaration ; the act of avouching 

A- VOW, V. t. [Fr. aroner.] To declare openly ; to own, 

acknowledge, or confess frankly. 
•■ A-VOW, 71. A vow or determination. Ootcer. 
A-VO\V'.\-BLE, a. That may be avowed, or openly ac- 
knowledged with conlidence. Donne. 
A-VO\V'AE, 71. An open declaration ; frank acknowledg- 
ment. Hume. 
A-VOWANT, 71. The defendant in replevin, who avows 
the distress of the goods, and justifies the taking. Cowel. 
A VOWED, (a-vowd ) pp. Openly declared ; owned ; 

frankly acknowledged. 
A-VoWED-LY, adc. In an open manner; with frank 

* A-VOWEE, 71. Sometimes used for advoirte, the person 
who his a right to present to a benefice, Uie [MUron. 
Cowct. See Adtowsok. 


A-V'OW'ER, 71. One who avoH's, owns, or asserts. 
A-VO\VI.\G, p/>r. Openly declaring ; frankly acknowledg 

ing ; justifying. 
A-VoW'RY, 71. In lav, the act of the distrainer of goods, 
who, in an action of replevin, aroirs and Justifies the 
taking ; the act of maintaining the ngbt to distrain, bv 
the distrainer, or defendant in replevin. BlackaUmt. 
t A-VOW'SAL, 71. A confession. iJut. 
A-VOWTRY. See Adtowtbt. 
A-VULS ED, a. Plucked or pulled off. Shenstone. 
A-VUL'SION, 71. [Ij. avuldxo.} .\ pulling or tearing afu»- 

der ; a rending or violent separation. 

A-VVaIT', I', t. Literally, to remain, bold, or stay 1. To 

wait for ; to look for, or expect. 2. To be in store for ; 

to attend ; to be ready for. 

A-VVAIT , 71. Ambush ; In a state of waiting for. Spenser, 

A-WAIT'ING, ypr. Waiting for ; looking for ; expecting ; 

being ready or in store for. 
A-\VAKE', V. t. ; pret. awoke, awaked ; pp. awaked. [Sax 
gewacan, wacian, or weccan,] 1. To rouse from sleep. 
2. To excite from a state resembling sleep, as from death, 
or inaction ; to put into action, or new life. 
A-WAKE', B. i. 1. To cease to sleep ; to come from a state of 
natural sleep. 2. To bestir, revive, or rouse from a state 
of inaction ; to be invigorated with new life. 3. To rouse 
from spiritual sleep. 4. To rise from the dead. Job, xiv. 
A-\VAKE', a. Not sleeping ; in a state of vigilance or 

A-VVA'KEN, (a-wi'kn) v. t. and v. i. The same with 

A-WA KENED, pp. Roused from sleep, in a natural or 

moral sense. 
A-VVA KEN-ER, n. He or that which awakens. 
A-\Va'KEi\-ING, 71. A revival of religion, or more gen«'ral 

attention to religion than usual. 
A-WARD', v. t. [Scot, warde.] To adjudge ; to give by 
sentience or judicial determination ; to assign by sentence. 
A-WARD', v. i. To judge ; to determine ; to make an 

A-WARD'. n. The judgment, or determination of arbitra- 
tors ; judgment ; sentence. 
A-VVARD ED, pp. Adjudged, or given by judicial sentence, 

or by the decision of arbitrators. 
A-WARD'ER, 71. One that awards, or assigns by sentenc« 

or judicial determination ; a judge. 
A-W ARU ING, ppr. Adjudging ; assigning by judicial sen- 
tence ; determining. 
A-WARE', a. [i^ax. pewarian.'j Watchful ; vigilant ; guard- 
ed ; but more strictly, in modem uia^t, apprised ; expect- 
ing an event from information, or probability. 
A-V\'ARE', V. i. To beware ; to be cautious. .Milton. 
A-WAR.\', V. t. To warn, which see. SpcTiser. 
A-WXTCIIA, 71. A bird of Kamtchatka. 
A-WAY', adv. [Sax. airco-.] 1. .Misent ; at a distance. 2. 
It is much used with words signifying moving, or going 
from ; as, go away, send away, run away, &c. 3. As an 
exclamation, it is" a command or invitation to depart : 
away, that is, be gone, or let us go. " Jlway with him," 
take him away. 4. jSway with has a peculiar signification 
In the phrase, "I cannot airai/ with it." Isa. i. The 
sense is, " I cannot bear, or endure it." 
t A-WAV'WARD, adv. [Sax. aiceg weard.] Turned aside. 

AWE, (aw) 71. [Dan. ave ] 1. Fear mingled with admira- 
tion or reverence; reverential fear. 2. Fear; dread in- 
spired by .something great or terrific. 
AWE, 7'. t. To strike with fear and reverence ; to influenc* 

by [ear, terror, or respect. 
A-Wk.\'RY, a. Weary, which see. Shak. 
A-WEATII'ER, adr. On the weather-€ide. or towards the 
wind ; as, the helm is aweathcr ; opposed to alee. Mar 
AWE BAND, 71. A check. Diet. 
AWE'-eOM-MA.NiyiNG, a. Striking with awe. 
AWED, (awd) pp. Struck with fear ; influenced by fear or 

A-WEIGH',(a-wi') adr. Atrip. The anchor U air (■i;if»,wheo 

it is just drawn out of the ground, and bancs (K-rpendirnlar. 
AWE-IN-SPm'IN(;,rt. Impressing with awe. Bp. llobarl. 
AWE'-STRUCK, a. Impressed or struck Willi awe. 
AW''FUL, a. 1. That htriki-s witli awe; that fills with 
■ profound reverence. 2. That fills with terror and dread 

3. Struck with awe ; Kcriipulous. 
t AWFIII^EYED, a. llavinc eyes exciting awe. 
AXV'FUL-LY, a Jr. In o manner to fill with awe ; In a rev 
" ercntial manner. 

AW'FUL-NF.t'i', 71. I. The quality of striking with awe, 
"or with reverence; solemnity. 2. The slate of beinf 

etnick with awe. 
t A-WH.\PK', (a-whap) r. t. [W. cwapiaw.] To strike } t« 

confound. Spenser. 
t A-\VIIEKL.« , adv. On wheels. Ben Jonson. 
A-W'HII.K , adr. A sjKicfl of time ; for some time ; for a 

short time. 

* act Synopsis. MOVE, BQQK, DOVE;— BJJLL, UNITE.— taaK •, Gas J ; BmZ j CUasSH , iHosintto. f Oiteltl^ 




f A WItIT', adr A Jot ; ii tillli-. flp. Hall. 
i\\\'i<, II. I. odd; ciiil oC order. I.' K.ilrange. 2. Oiirniiy 
III |M-rroriiiaii<')', or iiiaiiiiLTH ; iiiitiiiiidy ; not dexUuUK. 

I' "'/.""■ J 

/VVVK'VVARO, a. I VViintiiiK cIcxIcrKy in tliu um or ttio 
iiniiclH or ol' iniitnimuntii ; iiiiri'ndy ; not di-xlnniii ; bun- 
CitiiK , iiiilowiiril. Dryilrn. 'J. InL-li'iiiint \ impolite ; un- 
unu'i'liil ill iiiiiniirrH ; iJiiiiiHy i ilMlintiirul ; ti.iil. Shak. 

,\U'l\'l\'.\ltlt l,V, iiilr. CliiiiiNily J ill It null! or tiiiiigling 
iii.itiiii'r ) iiiL'l)')!iiiilly i iKidly. 

.^U KVVAKDM.SMj ii. I liiiiimncNH ; iincrnrrriiliicm in 
iiiriiiiuTS ; Wi'iiit ol dexterity in tliu ii.s» ul' the Imnda or 

AWIi, n. [Sax. al ; Get. nht.] An iron iiiatrumcnt fur 
'piercing BiniUI lioleM ir leatlier. 

AU'Lli*5.a. I. WunliiiB reverence ; void of respectful fenr. 
:.>. \Vanling tlio iiower of cauiiing reverence ; nut exciting 

/^WljWOlVl', II. The popular nnmc of the nulrularia aqual- 
ica, or roughleaved alij.i.tum. 

iVW.M.or aDm, n. (1). (iiim ; (i. ahm.] A Dutch li<|uid 
ineiisure, eipial to the Kiicllfili tierce. 

^WiN, n. [.Sw. (i^nc) 'I'lie heard of com, or pra»9, as it is 
usually understood, lint, lechntcally, a slender, sharp 
prucesa, L-<suiiig from the chatf or glumo in corn and 

AU'N'INO, ;i. [Goth, hulijtin.] 1. A cover of canvo-s, nsu- 
ally a sail or tarpauling, spread over a boat or .ihip's deck, 
to shelter from llie sun's rays the officers and crew, and 
preserve the decks. 'J. That part of the poop deck which 
IS continued forward beyond the bulk-head of the cabin. 
Mar, Diet. 

AWN'IiliSS, a. Without awn or beard. 

AWN'Y, (2. Having awns ; full of beard 

A-WoKIj'. The prrleril o( awake. 

t A-VVOItK', adv. [Sax. ireweorcan.] At work ; inastateof 
labor or action. Hhak. 

A-WOllK'I.N't;, adv. At work ; into a state of working or 
action. JIubhard's Tale. 

\-WK?' (a-ri ) a. or adv. [Dan. vrider.] 1. Turned or 
twisted towards one side ; not in a straight or true direc- 
tion, or position •, asquint ; with oblique vision. — 2. In a 
Jijrtiratice sen.-ie, turned aside from the line of truth, or 
right reason ; perverse or perversely. Milton. 

.\Xt;, ) ji. [improperly written aie. Sax. <Er, fai, a-^c] An 

.•VX, ( instrument, usually of iron, for hewing timber, 
and chopping woid. 

AX-A-YA'eAT, H. A fl) in Mexico. 

AXl:i'STO\E, j n. ,\ mineral, a subspecies of jade, less 

AX'.STO.\E. I hard than nephrite. 

AX; HRAU, n. The head of the axe. 

AXi-FOI{.\l, a. [L. azu and/i/rma.] In the form of an 
axis. F.ncyc. 

AX'IL, n. [L. azilla.'\ 1. The armpit ; a cavity under the 
upper part of the arm or shoulder. — 'J. In bulanii, the 
space or angle formed by a branch with the stem, or by a 
leaf with the stem or branch. 

AX'IL-L.-VR, I a. I'ertainiiig to the annpit, or to the axil 

AX'IL-LA-RV, ( of plants. Axillary leaves are those 
which proceed from the angle formed by the stem and 

AX'l-MTE, n. A mineral. 

AX-I-i\OM'AN-CV, n. [Gr. nfivi? and /laiTtia.J Among 
the ancients, a species of divination, by means or an axe or 

AX'IU.M, fi. [Gt. alaajia.'] 1. A self-evident truth, or a 
proposition whose truth is so evident at first sight, that no 
process of reasoning or demonstration can make it plainer. 
2. .Vn established principle in some art or science. 

AX-IO-MAT'ie, ) a. Pertaining to an axiom ; having 

AX-10-M.\T I-e.\L, \ the nature of self-f>vidcnt truths. 

AX'I.S, n. ; p'.u. Axes. [L.] 1. The slraiaht line, real or 
imaginary, passing through a body, on which it revolves, 
or may revolve. — 2. In j-fum^fri/j'astraisht line in a plain 
figure, about which it revolves "to produce a solid. 

.\X'I,r,, (ak'sl) )n. [Sax. ./-J-, and (rff.] Apiece 

AX'LE-TUEE, (ak'sI-trS) i of timber, or bar of iron, fitted 
for insertion in the hobs or naves of wheels, on which the 
wheels turn. 

AXOLOTE, n. A water lizard found in the Mexican 

*\) I "dr. [G. D. Dan. Sw. jii, pron. ya : Fr. mii.] Yes, 

AYE, ( yea, a word expressing assent,' or an affirmative 
answer to a question. 

A'YE, adv. [Sax. nn, n, or aira.] Always; forever; con- 
tinually ; (iir an indefinite time ; used in poetry. 

t AY'-GREE.\, n. lloiiseloek. Diet. 

AYI.E, n. In Imr, a crandlather. 

A Y-RY. Sff Aerie. 

AZ'A-ROLE, n. [Fr.l A species of thorn. 

.\Z'E-RIT, .\Z-li-RI>rA, or AZ-F^RI RA, n. 

of plum, or prunu.^. t'am. of Plants. 

AZ'I-MI;tII, n. 1. In a.<trono,n,,, anarch of the horizon 

intercepted between the meridian of the place and the 

A species 


nxlmiith, or v«>rtlcji) circle, paming tlirough the centre of 
the object. —','. Mannrtual numutli, an arch of the hori- 
zon, liiti-rrepieiMfPt ween the azlniiitli, or veitical circle, 
piuwiiiR tliroiigh the centre of any heavenly body, and the 
liliiKnetic iiieridliin.— :i. Jliimulh eompaai, a'l lliAtrilineia 
for llndiiig either the magnfrtlc n/.irnutli or amplitude of 
n lienvenly object. — ■!. Aumuih dial, a dial wlio'e side or 
gnomon w at right angliii to the plane of the horizon.— 5. 
W:imuf/M, iir verticjil circlen. are great circli-n iiilerxectiuB 
each other in the zenith and nadir, and cutting the hori- 
zon nt right aiiglo<i. 

A-Zri'l'K' n. [(ir. a and ^uii; or ^wnitof.] A iipecie<i of 
called ojiio mrphilir air, and atiniwpheric mrphitu, on 
count of it« fatal effecti! upon animal life. 

f AZ'()'rn, n. 1. Among atrhimiMji, the fimt principle of 
metals: the mercury of inelalH ; a univer>iul medicine 
j9<A. 2. 'J'lie liquor of Hublmiatcd quicksilver ; braas. 

A-ZOT'lt;, (1. rertnlniiig to azote ; fatal to animal life. 

AZ'(J-TrrE, n. A Rait (iirmcd by a coinbiimtioii of the prot 
oxyd of azote, or nitrous oxyd, with an alkali. 

♦AZ'LfllE, (nzh'-iir) a. [Fr. a:iir ; .*-'p. azul, or aiur ; It. 
uziurro.] Of a sky-blue ; resembling the clear blue c«kirc/ 
the sky. 

* AZ'IJRE. (azij'-ur) n. I. TTie fine blue color of -Jie sky 
2. The sky, or nziire vault of heaven.— 3. In heraldry, a 
blue color in coats of all pcraons under the degree of baroa 

AZ'I'RE, r. t. To color blue. 

.VZ'I'REI), (azh'-ured; a. Colored azure ; being of an azor* 
color. Sidney. 

AZTRE-STO-NE, > . ., ,.. , 

AZT'R-TTi; "• Another name of the lazulite. 

AZURM, (azhi-um)a. Of a blue color. .IWton. \LiltUused.\ 

t AZ'YME, n. Unleavened bread. 

AZ'Y-MITE, n. In church hi.<tirry, Jtiymitcs are Christiana 

who administer the eiicharbt with unleavened bread. 
AZ'Y-MOU.S, a. [Cr. a and ^v/zi?.] Unleavened ; unfer- 

mented ; as sea-biscuit. 


Bis the second letter, and the first articulation, or conso- 
nant, in the English, as in the Hebrew, Greek, I>atin, 
.nnd most other alphabets. It is a mute and a labial, be- 
ing formed hy pressing the whole length of the lips to- 
gether, .'IS in pronouncing cb. The Greek B is always pro- 
nounced like the English V, and the Russian B corre- 
sponds with the Greek. 

RX.-V, (b'i) n. The cry or appropriate bleating of sheep. 

BXA, V. i. To cry or bleat as sheep. 

B.a'.\L, n. An idol among the ancibnt Chaldeans and Syri- 
ans, representing the sun. 

B.^B'ISLE, r. i. [D. babbelen.] 1. To Utter words imper- 
fectly or indistinctly, as children. 2. To talk idly or irra- 
tionally ; to talk tlioughtlessly. 3. To talk much ; to 
prate ; hence, to tell secrets. SJtak. 4. To utter sound* 
frequently, iiTcessantly, or indistinctly. 

BAH'BLE, r. t. To prate ; to utter. 

RAIJ'RLE, n. Idle talk ; senseless prattle. Shak. 

BAH BLE-.ME.\T, n. Idle talk ; senseless prate ; unmean- 
ing words. Milton. 

BAB BLER, n. .Vn idle talker ; an irrational prattler ; a 
teller of secrets. 

BAB BLIXG, ppr. 1. Talking idly ; telling secrets. 2. 
Uttering a succession of murmuring sounds. 3. In hunt- 
ing, babbling is when the hounds are too busy after they 
have found a good scent. 

BAB'BUXG, 71. Foolish talk. 1 rim. vi. 

B.\BE, n. [Ger. bube ; Ir. baban.\ An infant ; a voung 
child of either sex. 

n.^BEL, n. [Ileb.] Confusion; disorder. 

B.a'BE-RY, n. Finer>- to please a child. Sidney. 

Ba'BISH, (I. Like a babe ; childish. Ascham. 

B.A BISH-LY, arfr. Childishly. 

B.-\B-OOX', 71. [Fr. iaisuiii.] A monkey of the largest spe 

B.a'BY, a. Like a young child ; pertainine to an infant. 

B.A'BY, n. 1. An infant or young child ot either sex; a babe t 
[uicd in familiar lansuaire.] 2. A small image in form 
of an infant, for girls to play with ; a doll. 

B.X BY, r. t. To treat like a youne child. Youmr. 

BA'BY-HOOD.Ti. The state of beins a babv. A~sh. 

B.A'BY-HOUSE, n. .\ place for chUdren's dolls and babies 

B.\ BY-If H, n. Childish. Bale 

BAB-Y-LO'NI-A.V, or BAB-Y-LO/XISH, a. 1. Pertaining 
to Babylon. 2. Like the language of Babel ; mixed ; con- 

B.\B-Y'-L6'XT-.VN, n. An inhabitant of Babylonia.— In an- 
fic7it Kritrrs, an astrologer. 

' Sfe Synopsis A, g, I, 0, 0, Y, lon/e.—FKR, FALL, AYIIAT ;— PBEY ;— FIX, MARlf.VE, BIRD ;— t Oh/cU 


hABY-LONiie, I 1. 1. Pertainin? to Babylon, or made 

BAB-Y-LON'I-€AL, j there. -J. 'J'umiiltmius ; disorderly. 

IlAB-Y-LON'ieS, n yla. 'J'lie title of a fragment of the his- 
tory of the worhl, composed by lierosiis, a priest of Baby- 

BAB-V-ROUS'SA, n In zoology, the Indian hog, a native 
of Celebes and of Buero. 

f BA'BV-aHrP, n. Infancy ; childhood. 

BAC, or BA€K, n. [U. bak, a bowl or cistern.] 1. In navi- 
gation, a ferry-boat or praam. — ^2. In brewing, a large flat 
tub, or ves-sel, in which wort is cooled before boiling ; 
hence called a cooler. — 3. In di.ttilleries, a vessel into 
which the liquor to be fermented is pumped, from the 
cooler, in order to be worked with the yeaat. 

BACCA, n. fl,.j In AutaH^, a berry. 

BAe-eA-LALF'ltE-ATE, n. The degree of baclielor of 

BACeA-TED, a. [L. baccatus.] Set or adorned with 
pearls ; having many berries. [Little used.] 

BA€€H.\-NAL, or 15A€-€UA-Na LI-AN, n. [from Bar- 
chm, (Jr. haK)(Oi.] One who indulges in drunken revels ; 
a drunkard. 

BA€CflA-NAL, ) a Reveling in intemperate drink- 

B.'VC-CIIA-N.^iLI-AN, ( ing ; riotous ; noisy. 

BA€-€IlA-NA'LI-\iV, u. Pertaining to reveling and drunk- 

BACeHA-NALS, n. plu. Drunken feasts ; the revels of 
bacchanalians.— In anli(jmlii, feasts in honor of Bacchus. 

BAf t'H VNTE \ "■ ^^ lives like Bacchus. 

BAe'€ni-eAL,' or B.Ve'CHIC, 2. 1. Jovial; drunken: 
mad with intoxication. 2. Relating to Bacchus, the god 
of wine. 

B.\C'€II1-US, n. In anrient poetry, a foot composed of a 
short syllable and two long ones. 

BAC'fUUS-BOLK, 71. A flower. Mirtimer. 

B.'V€-fJIF'ER-OIJ.*<, a. \\j. baccifer.] That produces berries. 

B.'VC-CIV' UR-t)l'S, a. [L. bac^a and voro.\ Eating or sub- 
sisting on berries. 

BACll'E-LUR, «. [Fr. backelier ; Pp. bachiller.] 1. A man 
who has not been married. 2. A person who has taken 
the first degree in the liberal arts and sciences. 3. A 
knight of the lowest order, or, more correctly, a young 
knight, styled a hiiiglU bachelor. 

BACIIE-LUIUSIHP, n. 1. The slate of being a bachelor. 

2. The state of one who has taken his first degree in a 
college or university. 

B.'VCK, ji. jSax. bac, ftirr.] 1. The upper part of an animal, 
particularly of a quadruped, whose back is a ridge.— In 
human beings, the hinder part of the body. 2. The out- 
ward or convex part of the hand, opposed to the inner, 
concave part, or palm. 3. As tlie hack of man Ls the part 
on the side opposite to the face, hence, the part opposed 
to the front ; as, the back of a book. 4. The part opposite 
to or most remote from that wliich fronts the speaker or 
actor. 5. As the back is the strongest part of an animal, 
and as the back is behind in motion, hence, the tliick and 
strong part of a rutting tool ; as, llie buck of a knife, ti. 
The place behind or nearest the back. — 7. To turn the 
lack on one, is to forsake him. 8 'I'o turn the back to one, 
to acknowledge to be superior. 9. To turn the back, is to 
depart, or to leave tlie care or cognizance of; to remove, 
or be al)scnt. 10. Behind the back, is in secret, or when 
one is absent. 11. To cast behind the back, in .Scripture, 
is to forget and forgive, or to treat with contempt. 12. To 
plain the back, is to oppress and persecute. 13. To bow 
the hack, is to submit to oppression. 

BACK, ado. 1. To the plarx- from which one came. 2. In 
ajiirurative sense, to a former state, condition, or station. 

3. Behind; not advancing ; not coining or bringing for- 
ward ; as, to keep back a part. 4. Towards times or 
tilings past. ."j. Again ; in return, fi. To go ox come hack, 
is to return, either to a former place or state. 7. To go 
or irine back, is to retreat, to recede. 

BACK, I!. I. 1. To mount ; to g(!t upon the back ; some- 
limes, perhaps, to place upon the back. 2. To support , 
to maintain ; to second or strengthen by aid. 3. To put 
backward ; to cause to retreat or recede. 4. 'I'o back ,i 
warrant, is for a justice of the [leaco in the county where 
the warrant is to be executed, to sign or indorse a war- 
ranty issued in another county, to apprehend an oflendiT. 

BA€K, V. i. To move or go back ; an, the horse refuses to 

BACK'BTTR, v. t. To censure, slander, reproach, or speak 
evil of the absent. 

B.\t'K'BI-']'KR, n. One who slanders, calumniat&s, or 
speaks ill of the absent. 

BAt'K BT-TING, 71. The act of slandering the absent ; se- 
cret calumnv. 2 Cor. xii. 

BACK BI-TINC-LY, ndc. With secret slander. Barret. 

iJ.A€K'BOARD, 71. A board placed across the alter part of a 

BATK BriNE, 71 The bt ne of the back ; or the spine. 

B.VC'K CAK-HY, n. A having on the back. 

67 BAD 

BACK Poor, ti. a door r.n the back part of a building , a 
private passage , an indirect way. 

B.VCKM:!), (haktj pp. .Mounted ; having on the back ; sup- 
ported by aid ; seconded ; moved backward. 

B.VCK'EU, a. Havuig a back ; a word u.sed in comimmI- 

B.VCK'EXD, 71. The latter part of the year. Xorth of Eng- 

BACK FRIENO, (bak'freiid) 71. A secret enemy South. 

BA<'K-(;.\M'.MON, ri. [W. bac and cammaun.^ A game 
played by two persons, upon a table, with b<ix and dice 

BACK'GROL'.MJ, 71. 1. (iround in the rear, or behind, aa 
opposed to the front. 2. .'\ place of obscurity, or bliade 
a situation little seen or noticed. 

B.VCK HA.ND-ED, a. With the hand turned backward. 

BACK'HAND-ED, adv. With the hand directed backwail 

B.VCK'IIOUSE, 71. A building behind the main or front 

B.\CK'I.NG,ppr. Mounting; moving back, as a horse ; sec- 

B.\CK P.AIXT-IXG, 71. Tlie method of painting meiiotiTitt 
prints, p.x«ted on glass of a size to fit the print. 

BACK'PIECE, 71. The piece of armor wliich covers the 

BACK'RE-TimX, 71. Repeated return. Shak. 

BACK'ROOM, H. .\ room behind the front room, or in the 
back part of the house. 

B.\CKt«, 71. Among dealers in leather, llie thickest and 
best tanned hides. 

BACK SET, a. Set upon in the rear. 

BACK SIDE, «. 1. The back part of any thing ; the part 
behind that which is presented to the face of a spectator. 
2. The hind part of an animal. 3. The yard, ground, ot 
place behind a house. 

*BACK-.SLII)E', v.i. To fall off; to apostatize; to turn 
gradually from the faith and practice of Christianity 

♦BAGK-sLlD'liR, ;i. I. An apostate ; one who falls from 
the faith and practice of religion. 2. One who neglect« 
his vows of obedience, and falls into sin. 

* BA(;K-SLII)'I.\G, 71. The act of apostatizing from faith ot 
practice ; a falling insensibly from religion into sin ot 
idolatry. .Jer. v. 6. 

BACK ST.itFF, 71. A quadrant; an instrument for taking 
the sun's altitnde at sea ; called also; from its inventor 
IJari.'^'s i/uadranl 

B.'\CK .'^T.MKS, n. Stairs in the back part of a house ; pri 
vate ftairs j ani\,Ji!ruratirehj, a private, or indirect way 

B.'VCK STA\ ?, ;i. Long ropes or stays extending from tlie 
topmast heads to both sides of a ship, to assist the shrouds 
in supporting the mast. 

BACK STo.NH, H. The heated stone, or iron, on which 
o;it cake is baked. JVurth of England. 

B.\CK SWoRU, 71. A sword with one sharp edge. — In 
England, a stick with a basket handle, used in rustic 

B.\CK WARD, or BACKWARD?, adv. 1. With the hack 
in advance. 2. Toward the back. 3. On the back, or 
with the back downwards. 4. Toward past times ot 
events. 5. By way of reflection ; rellexively . (i. From 
a better to a worse state. 7. In time past. 8. Perverse- 
ly ; from a wrong end. 0. Towards the beginning ; in nn 
order contrary to the natural order. 10. Contrarily ; in a 
contrary manner. 

B.\CK'W'.'\RD, a. 1. Unwilling ; averse ; reluctant ; hesi- 
tating. 2. ."low ; sluggish ; dilatory. 3. DnU ; not quick 
of apprehension ; behind in progress. 4. Late ; behind 
in time ; coming after something else, or after the usuhi 

BACKWARD, v. t. To keep hack ; to hinder. 

t BACKWARD, 71. The things or state behind or 

BAeK'WARD-LY,ad(j. Unwillingly ; reluctantly ; averse- 
ly ; perversely. 

B.\CK'VVARD-\E?S, ti. 1. Unwillingness ; reluctance ; 
dilatonness, or dullness in action. 2. .\ suilo of being 
behind in progress ; slowness ; tardiness. 

B.\CK-W<)OD!« .MAN,n. (Used mostly in the plural.) A 
term applied to the people who inhabit the newly -settJed 
territory west of the Alleuhaiiy mountains. 

B,\CK'\VuKM, n. A small worm, in a thin skin, in the 
reins of a hawk. 

B.ACK'WOU.ND, r. t. To wound behind the Itatk Sknk. 

BACON, (ba'knl 71. [W. haecun.) llog's flesh, salted, or 
pickled and dried, usually in smoke.— To eave one-s ba- 
con, is to preserve one's self from harm. 

B.VC'CLE, M. [Fr. hasciilf.] ln/(>rfi>'c<itio7i, a kind of port- 
cullis or gate, made like a pil-Vnll. 

B.\C'U-LTT1',, 71. |L. /'iifu(u.<.) A genus of fossil shells. 

BAC-U LOM 1; TRY, 71. [L. baculus, and Cr. pirpm:] The 
act of measurinc distance or altitude by a stalf or stavif*. 

B.M), a. Ill ; evil ; opposed to good ; a word of general 
use, denoting physical defects and moral faiilLi in men 
and things ; whatever Is injurious, hurlOil, inconvenient, 
unlawful, or immoral ; whatever is offensive, painful, 01 
unfavorable ; or what is defective. 

• See Synopsis. MOVE, BOOK, D6VE ;— BIJLL, UNITE ;— € as K ; G as J ; 8 as Z ; CH as SH ; TH as In ihit t ObsolM 




HAD, BAKK. Tlir [i.Kt Iriinc of /<i(/. Sfr Hid. 

IIAlHli:, >i. 1. A iiiiirk. HiKn, token, or tliiii||, hy whirli n 

prridii IK (ImtjiiKiiDilieii. '.'. 'I'hn murk or token of any 

tiling. :i. An iirnuiiiont on nIii|m, nMtf tlio iitvrn, deco 

rutrd with lluiirrH. 
IIAIX;!',, r. I. i'o niiirK, or iliHtiiiRiiinli with n liailge. 
IIAIH'ii:'M:.SS, <i. Iluving no btidK'-'- Hp- Hull. 
IIAIK'i, ><■ In law, n |i<.-rxon who in licrnHt'd to liny C4>rn 

III niir placx and sull it in iiiiother, witliout incurring the 

ri'iiallK'H ol' rnfirotoilng. 
DO Kit, 11. A ()iiiidrn|N-d of the grnua urnu. — The Ainer- 
iran buUutr in called lliu urvund hug. 

HADtS I:R, v. t. 'I'd confound. 

KAI<0 Kll-LE(:(;i:i), a. llnvlnR Irg* likn a tMidger. 

IIAI)-l-A'(iA, n. A Minnll npiingu in KiiKiiiii. 

HAD I AiNE, or HAN'DI-AiN, n. 'Iho Heed of a tree In 
Cliinn, whicli nnit'lls like nni^e iiei-dii. 

BAD-1 <5r;t).\, n. A niixtnru of plaster and free atone, 
cround together and mlled. 

nADIX-AOK, |n. [Kr.j Light or playful dUcourse. Chu- 

HA-DIN K KIE, ( irrJSrld. 

UAD LV, adv. In a bad manner ; not well -, unskilfully ; 
grievously ) unfortunately ; im|>erfectly. 

li.VD NKSS, n. 'I'he slate of being bad, evil ; vicious or de- 
praved : want of good qualities. 

nAI''FE-TAS, IlAK'TAt*, or UASTAS, n. An India cloth, 
or plain muslin. That of Surat is said to be the best. 

BAF FLK, r. (. [Fr. brjier.] To mock or elude by artifice ; 
to cb'.de by shifts and turns ; hence, to defeat or con- 

BAr' FLE, c. i. To practice deceit. Barrow. 

ISAF'FLE, 71. A defeat by artifice, shifts ai.d turns. 

BAFFLED, ;>p. Eluded ■, defeated ; confounded. 

B.\F FLEK, n. One that baffles. 

BAF'FLINO, ppr. Eluding by shifts and turns, or by strat- 
agem ; defeating ; confounding. 

B.Ai;, n. [Norm. Aa^'c] I. A sack; a pouch, usually of 
cloth or leather, used to hold, preserve, or convey corn 
and other commodities. 2. A sack in animal bodies 
containing some tiuid, or other substance. 3. Formerly, 
a sort of silken purse tied to the hair. 4. In commerce, a 
certain quantity of a commodity, such as it is customary 
to carry to market in a sack ; as a ba<T of pepper. 

BAG, V. t. 1. To put into a bag. 2. To load with bags. 

BAG, V. i. To awell like a full bag, as sails when fUlei with 

BAG-.-V-TELLE', (bag-a tel') n. [Fr.] A trifle ; a thing of 
no importance. 

B.\GGA6E, n. [Fr. hagage.] 1. The tents, clothing, uten- 
sils, and other necessaries of an army. 2. The clothing 
and other conveniences, which a traveler carries with 
him on a journey. [The English now call this /uo-;ofa^c.] 

BAG GAOE, 71. [Fr. bagasse.] A low, worthless woman j a 

BAG'GING, ppr. Swelling; becoming protul)erant. 

BAGGING, 71. The cloth or materials for bags. (/.States. 
F.dtcards' If. Indies. 

BAGN'IO, (banyo) ti. [It. bairno ; Pp. bano.] 1. A bath; 
a house for bathing, cupping, sweating, and otherwise 
cleansing the body. 2. A brothel. 

BAG'l'IPE, 71. A musical wind instrument, used chiefly 
in Scotland and Ireland. It consists of a leathern bag, 
which receives the air by a tube, which is stopped by a 
valve ; and pipes, into which the air is pressed by the per- 

BAG'PI-PER, n. One who plays on a bag-pipe. 

BAG'RE, 71. A small bearded fish, a species of «Zuru^. 

BAG'REEF, ti. A fourth and lower reef used in the British 

B.V-GUET', (ba-get) n. [Fr. basruette.] In architecture, a 
little round molding, less than an astragal. 

BXR'RF*^ ' 1 "■ ^^'s'Ehts used in the East Indies. Encyc. 

fiiAlGNE, tj f. [Pr. baiimer.] To soak or drench. 

BSI'KAL-ITE, n. A mineral. 

B.VIL, r. (. [Fr.and Norm, bailler.^ 1. Tosetfree, deliver, 
or liberate, from arrest and imprisonment. 2. To deliv- 
er poods in trust, upon a contract. 3. To free from wa- 
ter, as to bail a boat. This word is improperly written bale. 

B.\IL, II. 1. The person or persons who procure the release 
of a prisoner from custody, by becoming surety for his 
appearance in court. 2. The security given for the release 
of a prisoner from custody. 3. Thehandle of a kettle or 
other vessel. 4. In England, a certain limit within a for- 

i.\IL'A-BLE, a. 1. That m*v be set fiee upon bond with 
sureties ; that may be admitted to bail. 2. That admits 
of bail. 

BAIL'BOND, 71. A bond or obligation given by a prisoner 
and his surety. 

BAILED, pp. 1. Released from custody en bonds for ap- 
pearance in court. 2. Delivered in trust, to be carried 
and deposited, re-delivered, or otherwise accounted for. 
3. Freed from water, as a bixit. 

BAI'LEE, n. The pervon to whom gcxxl* arc rnmniltted la 


BAII.'CR.or i!AIL'<Jl(, n. line wliodelivcni good* tu aa- 
ottirr III trust. 

BAILIFF,/ 71. [I'r. hailh/.] In F.ngland, an ulYicer aoh 

HAIL IF, i Miinlfd by lliealierKr, whouthe kiiig'ii bailiir. 

IIAIL'I WKK, n. [.-^ciit. Aai//i,aiidt'oi. u-k.J 'I In- pricintU 
III which u bailltf tiaa juriadtclion ; tlie lliiiita of u baililTl 

BAIL'.MENT, II. A delivery of goods in tnjit, upon a coo- 

BAIL'PIP.CE, 71. A slip of parchment, or paper, containing 
a recognizance of bail ahure, or bnil to ike artiun. 

t BAIL Y, n. The oflice or jurwdiction of a baililf. Huklijf. 

rllAIN, 71. [Fr. fcjin.j A bath. Ilakeitdl. 

tBANE, v.t. 'Jo bathe. TubercUle. 

BAIRN, or BARN, n. [«ai.fc«a7Ti, Scot.iairn.] Acbild 
Little used in Fnt^luh. 

BAIT, 71. [^.^'ax. baian.] I. Any substance for fond, used U) 
catch fish, or oCticr animals. 2. A portion of (mmI and 
drink, or a refreshment taken on a journey. 3. An allure 
inent ; enticement ; lein|>tatioii. 

BAI'i', t'. (. 1. 'Jo put meat on a luKik or line, or in an in- 
closure, or among snares, to allure fish, fowls and other 
animals into human power. 2. 'Jo give a portion of food 
and drink to man or beast upon the road. 

BA ri', V. I. 'I'o take a (lortion of food and drink for refrealv- 
nient on a journey. 

B.MT, V. t. ffioth. beitan.] 1. To provoke and haraat 
by dogs ; to harass by the help of otiiers. 2. 'J'o attack 
with violence ; to harass in the manner of small aok- 

BAIT, V. 1. To clap the wings ; to flutter as if to fly ; or to 

B.MT, 71. While bait, a small fish of the Thames. 

BAIT ED, pp. I. Furnished with bait ; allured ; tempted. 
2. Fed, or refreshed, on the road. 3. Harassed by dogi 
or other siiia'.l animals -, attacked. 

B.^n^'lNG, pjfi. 1. Furnishing with bait; tempting; allur- 
ing. 2. Feeding ; refresliing at an uin. 3. liarassuig 
with dogs ; attacking. 

BAIZE, 71. [Sp. bausan.] A coarse, woolen stuff, with a 
long nap. 

BAKE, V. t. [Sai. bacan.] 1. To heat, dry, and harden, as 
in an oven or furnace, or under aials of nre ; to dress and 
prepare for food, in a close place ; heated. 2. 'J'o dry and 
liarden by heat, either in an oven, kiln, or furnace, or tiy 
the solar rays. 

BAKE, V. i. 1. To do the work of baking. 2. To be baked j 
to dry and harden in heat. 

B.\KED, pp. Dried and hardened by heat ; dressed in 

BAKE'HOU.'^E, ti. A house or building for baking. 

BAKE'MEAT."^, n. Meats prepared for food in an oven. 

BAK'EN, (bikn) pp. The same as baked, and nearly o'jso- 

BaK'ER, n. One whoae occupation is to bake bread, bis- 
cuit, &c. ' 

BAK'ER-FOOT, n. An ill-shaped or distorted foot, yay- 

BaK'ER-LEGGED, a. Having crooked legs, or legs that 
bend inward at the knees. 

BAK'ER-Y, 71. I. The trade of a baker. 2. A place occu- 
pied with the business of baking bread, i.c. 

BAK'ING, ppr. Drying and hardening in heat ; dressing 
or ctKiking in a close place, or in heat. 

BAK'l.NG, 71. The quantity baked at once; as a baking 
of bread. 

BAL'AN, 71. A fish of a beautiful yellow. 

B.AL ANCE, TI. [Fr. balance; S"p. balanza.] 1. A pair of 
scales, for weighing commodities. 2. One of the simple 
powers in mechanics. 3. Fi^ratirely, an impartial state 
of the mind, in deliberating. 4. As balance signifies 
equal weight, or equality, it is used for the iceight or iTi7n 
necessary to make tiro unequal weights or sums equal. 5. 
Balance of trade is an equal exportation of domestic pro- 
ductions, and iinjKirtation of foreign. 6. Equipoise, or an 
equal stale of power between nations ; as, the " balance 
of power." 7. Equipoise, or an equal state of the pas- 
sions. 8. That whicn renders weight or authority equal. 
9. The part of a clock or watch which regulates the 
beats. — 10. In astronomy, a sign in the zodiac, called, in 
Latin, Libra. — The hydrostatic balance is an instrument 
to determine the specific gravity of fluid and solid bodies 
The assay balance is one which is used in docimastic op- 
erations, to determine the weight of minute bodies. 

BAL'.VNCE, r. (. 1. Toadjust tlie weights in the scales of a 
balance, so as to bring them to an equipoise. 2. To weigh 
reasons ; to compare, by estimating the rehtive force, 
importance, or value of different things 3. To regulate 
different powers, so as to keep them in a state of ji'st pro- 
portion. 4. To counterpoise ; to make of equal weiglitof 
force ; to make equipollent ; to support the centre of grav 
ity. 5. 'To settle and adjust, as an account 

• Set SynpjiJM A, e t O, V, Y, ''n; - t \R, F^LL, \\ IJ^ i i-FRfiV ;- PIN, MAEXXE, BIRD ;— f Obselet* 

BAL ( 

liAL'ANCE, t. I. 1. Tt have on each side equal weight ; to 
be on a poise 2. To hesitate ; to fluctuate between mo- 
tives which appear of equal force. 

BAL'AJS'CEU, pp. Charged with equal weights ; standing 
on an equipoise ; regulated so as to be equal ; settled ; 
adjusted ; made equal in weight or amount. 

BAL'A-\Cli-FlSH, 71 The iijgiena, or marteau. 

BAL'AN-CER, n. L The person who weighs, or who uses 
a balance 2. A member of an insect useful in balancing 
the body. 3. One skilled in balancing. 

BAL'ANCi>-REEK, n. A reef band that crosses a sail di- 
agonally, used to contract it in a storm. 

BAL'A.N-Cl.NG, ppr. Charging witli equal weights ; being 
in a state of equipoise ; bringing to a state of equality ; 
regulating respective forces or sums to make them equal ; 
settling ; adjusting; paying a difference of accounts ; hes- 

BAL'AX-CING, n. Equilibrium ; \to\se. Spenser 

BAL'A-NITE, n. A fossil shell of the genu.s balanus. 

BAIVASi*, or BAL' AS, n. [Sp. balaz ; Er. balais.] A va- 
riety of spinel ruby. 

BA-LAUS Tl.VE, n. The wild pomegranate-tree. 

BAL-iJU'CIN-ATE, j r. i. [L. balbutio.] To stammer in 

BAL-BO'TIATE, \ speaking. Diet. 

•BAL'€0-N1ED, a. Having balconies. R. J^ortk. 

•BAL'eO-NV, n. [Fr. balcon ; It. balconc] In architec- 
ture, a frame of wood, iron or stone, in front of a house 
or other building. 

BALD, (bawld) a. [Pp. baldioA 1. Destitute of hair, es- 
pecially on the top and back of the head. 2. Destitute of 
the natural covoring. 3. Without feathers on the head. 
4. Destitute of tn>es on the top. 5. Unadorned ; inelegant. 

6. Mean ; naked , base ; without dignity or value. Ukak. 

7. In popular language, open, bold, audacious. 8. With- 
out beard or awn. 

B.^LI>'.\-eHlN', \n. [U. baldacchino : ^p. baldaquino.] In 

BALD'A-CiUIN, ) architecture, a building in form of a can- 
opy, supported by columns, and often used as a covering 
to insulated altars. 

BALD'-MON-Y, n. The same with gentian. 

BALD'KR-I)A^^H, n. Mean, senseless prate ; a jargon of 
words ; ribaldry ; any thing jumbled together without 

BALD'ER-DASH, v. t. To mix or adulterate liquors. 

BALD'LV, adv. Nakedly ; meanlv ; inelegantly ; openly. 

BALD'NESS, n. Want of hair on the top and back of the 
head ; loss of hair ; meanness or inelegance of writing ; 
want of ornament. 

BALD'PATE, n. A pate without hair. 

BALD'PA-TED, a. Destitute of hair ; shorn of hair. 

BALD'RICK, 71. [L. balteus, and rUk.] 1. A girdle, or 
richly ornamented belt ; a war girdle. 2. The zodiac. 

BALE, «. [Fr. haUc ; Cer. ballen.] 1. A bundle or park- 
age of gcods in a cloth cover, and corded for carriage or 
transportation. 2. Formcr/i/, a pair of dice. 

BALE, V. L To make up in a bale. 

f BALE, 71. [Sax. beal, bealo.'\ Misery ; calamity. 

BAL-E-AR'ie, a. Pertaining to the isles of Majorca and 

BALE'FUL, a. 1. Woeful ; sad ; sorrowful ; fullof grief ; 
producing misery. 2. Mischievous ; destructive •, perni- 
cious : calamitous ; deadly. 

BALEFUIy-LY, adv. Sorrowfully; perniciously; in a 
calamitous manner. 

BA-LIS'TER, 71. [L. balisla.] A cross bow. 

BA-LIZE', n. [Fr. balisc.'\ A sea-mark ; a pole raised on a 

BALK, (hawk) ti. [Sax. bale; W. bale] 1. A ridge of 
land, left unplowed, between furrows, or at the end of a 
field. 2. A great beam, or rafter. [G. balken ; D. balk.] 
3. .Any thing left untouched, like a ridge in plowing. 4. 
A fruBtration ; disappointment. 

BALK, (hawk) r. t. 1. To disappoint ; to frustmte. 2. To 
leave untouched ; to miss or omit. 3. To pile, n.s in a 
heap or ridjie. 4. To turn aside ; to talk beside one's 
meaning. [U6.«.] Spenser. !>. To plow, leaving balks. 
/VLK'EI), (bawkt) ;'/!. I. Plowed in ridges between fur- 
rows, as in American husbandrj 2. Frustrated ; disap- 

BALK'ER, (bawk er) n. One who haiku. 

BALK'ING, pirr. Plowing in ridges ; frustrntinp. 

BALL, 71. [<:. ball ; I). Inil : bw. hall.] 1. A round body ; 
a spherical substance. 2. A bullet. 3. A printer's ball, 
consisting of hair or wool, covered with leather, and used 
to put ink on the types in the forms. 1. The globe or earth, 
fVom its figure. f>. A globe borne as an ensign of author- 
ity, ti. Any part of the body that is round or protuberant ; 
ns, the eye halt. 7. The weight at the bottom ofa [M'ndulum. 

BALL, n. [Fr. hal : It. /«i//().] An entertainment of dancing. 

HALT,, 7'. I. To form into a ball, as snow on horses' hixtfs. 

BAL'LAl), 71. []t. hntlata.] A song ; f>niri;i<i(/(/, a solemn 
gong of praise ; but now a meaner kind of popular song. 

BAL'LAD, r. i. To make or sing ballads. Shak. 

f BAL'LAD, I', i. To write ballads. 


BAL'LAD-ER, 7i. A writer of ballads. Ocerbunj. 

BALLAD-MAKER, n. A maker or composer of oallada 

BAL'LAD-MO.NG ER, n. A dealer in writing ballads. 

HAL LAI)-K\', 71. The subject or style of ballads. 

BAL LAD-tilNGER, ti. One whose employment is to sini 

BALLAD-STYLE, n. The air or manner of a ballad. 

BALLAD-TL'NE, ti. The tune of a ballad. H'arton. 

B.\L LAD-WRtTER, n. A composer of ballatls. 

t BAL LA-RAG, r. f. To bully ; to threaten, li'arton 

BALLAST, n. [Sax. ftu(, with /a.<(.] 1. Heavy matter, a* 
stone, sand or iron, laid on the bottom of a ship or other 
vessel, to sink it in the water, to such a depth as to ena- 
ble it to carry sufficient sail without oversetting. 2. 
Figuratively, tiiat which is used to make a thing steady. 

BAL'L.\^T, V. t. I. To jilace heavy substances on the bot- 
tom of a ship or vessel, to keep it from oversetting. 3 
To keep any thing steady, by counterbalancing its force ' 

BAL'L.\ST-ED, pp. Furnished with ballast ; kept steadjr 
by a counterpoising force. 

BAL'LAST-l^G, ppr. Furnishing with ballast; keeping 

BALLASTING, ji. Ballast; that which is used forballaat 

B.\L'LA-TED, a. Sung in a ballad. [Little ws'd.] 

BAL-LA-TOON', n. A heavy luggage boat employed on 
the rivets about the Caspian lake. 

BAL-L.\-TRY, ti. A song : a jig. Milton. 

B.\L'LET, 71. [Vr.balUt.] 1. A kind of dance; an in- 
terlude ; a comic dance, consisting of a series of severa 
airs, with different movements, representing some subject 
or action. 2. .\ kind of dramatic poem, representing some 
fabulous action or subject. 

BAL'Ll-.^GE, or, more correctly, bailage, n. [Ir. baile.] A 
small duty paid to the city of London oy aliens, and even 
by denizens, for certain commodities exported by them. 


BAL'LIS-TER. See Bali-stek. 

BALLISTIC, a. [l.. baltsta.] Pertaining to the 6a/is£<:, 
or to the art of shooting darts. 

BAL-LlSfTICS, 71. The science or art of throwing misaivB 
weapons, by the use of an engine. 

BAL-LOO.N', n. [Fr. Aa/(u7i.J 1. In ^eTicra;, any spherical, 
hollow body. — 2. In chemistry, a round vessel with a 
short neck, to receive whatever is distilled ; a glxss re- 
ceiver, of a spherical form. — 3. In architecture, a ball or 
globe, on the top of a pillar. — 1. In firevorks, a ball of 
pasteboard, or kind of bomb, stuffed with ctimbustibles, to 
be played off, when fired, either in the air, or in water, 
which, bursting like a bomb, exhibits sparks of fire like 
stars. 5. A game, somewhat resembling tennis, played 
in an open field, with a large ball of leather, inflated with 
wind. 6. A bag or hollow vessel, made of silk or other 
light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, 
so as to rise and float in the atmosphere ; called, for dii- 
tinction, an air-balloon. 

B.\L LOON', or BAL'LO-EN, ti. A state barge of Siani, 
made ofa single piece of timber. 

BAL'LOT, 71. [Fr. fca;/o((e.] 1. A ball used in voting. 2. 
A ticket, or written vote, being given in lieu ofa ballot, is 
now called by the same name. 3. The act of voting by 
balls or tickets. 

BAL LOT, Tj. t. 1. To vote by ballot. 2. To vote by writ- 
ten papers or tickets. 

BAL'LO-TADE, or BAL'O-TADE, ti. In the mrnage, ■ 
leap of ahorse between two pillars, or upon a straight Ime, 
so that when his fore feet are in the air, he shows nothing 
but tlie shoes of his hind feet, without jerking out. 

BAL-LO-TaTIO.N, n. A voting by ballot. [Little med.] 

BAL LOT-ltO.\, 71. A box for receiving ballots. 

BALM, (bam) 71. [Fr baume.] 1. 'J'he sap or juice of tree* 
or shrul« remarkably odoriferous or aromaiic . 2. Any 
fragrant or valuable ointment. Shak. 3. .Any thing whick 
heals, or which soothes or mitigates pain. — 1. In botany, 
the name of several aromatic plants, particularly of Uio 
genus melissa. 

Balm iif Oilead. A plant of the genus amyris. lU leave* 
yield, when bruised, a strong aromatic scent ; and from 
this plant is obt,-uno<l the halm u/" Oilead cf the shops, or 
balsam of Mecca or of ."^yria. 

BALM, r. t. I. To anoint with balm. 2. To (ootjie ; to 
mitigate ; to assuage 

B.\LM Y. (b&me) <j. I. Having the qualities of balm, 
aromatic. 2. Producing balm. 3. .Sxithing ; soft ; mild 
4. Fragrant ; (xloriteroiiH. .'i. Mitigating ; rasing ; assuaging. 

BALNE-AI., <i. [I., halutum.] IVrtainine 'o a bath. 

BAL NE-.\-RY, «. [L. *o/ii<iar»Kiii.] A bathing room 

BAL NE-A'TION n. The art of bathing. Broirn. 

BAL .NE-A-TO-RY, a. Belonging to n bath or stove. 

B.\LNE-l'M, 71. [L.] I'sed In cAemutfri/, for a vessel 

BAL*^'^^'' "• '^''' /^"^""J""'] An oily, nroinatir, recinoiu 
tiiihsianrp, flowing spiintaneously, or by Inciiioo, from 
certain plant*. 

flaham apple. An annual Indian plant. 

• See Synopiis. MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ;— BIJLL, UNITE.— C as K ; G a« J ; S m Z ; CH as SH ; TM m in thit. f Oisolut 




Ituluim tree. A niinii- Rivi'ii to ii (jriiiiH of (ilantx. 

Jliil.iiim of Suliihur IN ii HcilulliiM ot' niil|ililir III (ill. 

Uiihiim iif I'cru. 'I'lii; proiliur of ii Irof 111 I'crii. 

J II. \ I, SAM, V. t. 'I'o ruiiilur IiuIhhiiiic ; to mirti-ii. 

ItAl', S.VM/ A 'I'lD.N, n. 'I'lic ucl ul rviiilrriiiK huUninic. 

liAI. SAAI M'.or IIAI.SA.M IC Al., >i. Iliiviii({ llir i|uiililirii 
dl' lialNiilll , KlIliillliitiliK \ lllirltliillH ; Hofl ) liilllKiilllig ; lllllil. 

rtAI.SAAtlt', II. .\ wiiriii, HliiiiiiliitiiiK, ilviiiiikeiil uicdi- 
ciiii', (il'a hiiioutli 1111(1 (Illy CdiiHifiti'iirt*. 

II.\I,.'<.V'.M(M^, II. 7'uucli iiiu-iiut, or unjiutirin, ii gniiiii <if 

II.\I.SAM-.SU'KAT-IN<:, <i. YicldiiiK hiil'.Hni. 

liAl/riC, n. 'I'lio Hcii winch Mi'|iiiriiteN .\(irwiiy und tiwf- 
(li'ii IV.Mii JiilJiiiid, I1(iIhUmii uiiU <i<-rinniiy. 

HAI.T'IC'. a i'vrlaiiiiiig to tlic iiea o( tliul iiaiiiu -, Kituatcd 
(III tlie lliiltlc Rrii. 

It.A I, I'ti-'l'KIl, n. I It. balaiulro ; tJp. balnusirr ; Fr. baliuilre.] 
'iUia is corrU|ilcil into bamsttr. A Hiimll column or pilnH- 
tiT, of various forriiH and diniciiHioiiN, usi-d forbalustradi-a. 

I!AI, I'S-'I'KKKI), a. llaviiiK lialuHtcri*. Suamrs. 

UAhUS-TKADK. n. (Sp. bitlaui'Inido ; It. balaujtraln ; 
I'r. biilu.itradr.] A row of baliistcrs, joinrd liy a rail, 
sorvInK aii n iViice or iiiclusiirc, fur alturu, balconies, stuir- 
cascs, terraci's, tops of buildiii^H, &oc. 

HAiM, or UKAAl, an an initial Kylluhle in names of places, 
signirics woud ,' implying that the place took its name from 
a Rrovi", or I'orist. Ucr. buum, a tree. 

BA.MIHH), II. .V iilant of the reed kind, or genus arundo, 
growiiii; ill the Last Indies. 

U.\.M-U(M) /.Li;, V. t. To confound; to deceive; to play 
low tricks. [-4 lota word.] 

ItA.M-Hod /LKK, n. A cheat ; one who plays low tricks. 

ll.V.N, II. [iSax. bannan, aliannan.] 1. A public proclama- 
tion or edict ; a public order or notice, mandatory or pro- 
hibitory. 2. Notice of a marriage proposed, or of a mat- 
rimonial contract, proclaimed in a church. 3. An edict of 
interdiction or proscription. Hence, to put a prince under 
the ban of the empire, is to divest him of his dignities. '1. 
Interdiction ; prohibition, jyiilton. 5. Curse ; excommu- 
nication ; anathema. Raleigh. G. A pecuniary mulct or 
penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban. 
7. A mulct paid to the bishop by one guilty of sacrilege 
and other crimes. 8. In vtilitary affairs, a proclamation 
by beat of drum, requiring a strict observance of disci- 
pline, either for declaring a new otiicer, or for punishing 
an oti'ender. — 9. In commerce, a smooth, tine muslin, im- 
ported from the East Indies. 

B.\N, V. t. To curse ; to execrate. Shak. Knollcs. 

H.V.N, r. i. To curse. Speiiser. 

* li.\-SA SA, II. A species of the genus musa, or plantain- 
tree, and its fruit . 

B.WD, n. [!^ax. banda ; Sw. band.] 1. A fillet ; a cord ; a 
tie ; a chain ; any narrow ligament with which a thing is 
bound, tied or fastened, or by which a number of things 
are confined together. — 2. In architecture, any flat, low 
member or molding, broad, but not deep, called also/ajicia, 
face or plinth. '.\. Ftifuralicely, any oliaiu ; any means 
of restraint ; that which draws or confines. 4. Means of 
union or connection between persons. 5. Any thing 
bound round or encircling another. G. Something worn 
about the neck. 7. A company of soldiers ; the body of 
men united under one flag or ensign. Also, indejinitehj, 
a troop, a body of armed men. 8. A company of persons 
united in any common design. 9. A slip of canvas, 
sewed across a sail to strengthen it. — The bands of a sad- 
dle are two pieces of iron nailed upon the bows, to hold 
them in their proper situation. Johnson. 

B.\.\D, V. t. 1. To bind togetlier ; to bind over %vith a 
band. 2. To unite in a triKip, company or confederacy. 

B.\ND, V. i. To unite ; to associate ; to confederate for 
some common purpose. 

BANDAGE, 71. [Tr.] 1. -V fillet, roller, or swath, used in 
dressing and binding up wounds, restraining hemor- 
rhages, and joining fractured and disUwated bones. 2. 
Something resembling a bandage ; that which is bound 
over another. 

BAN-DAN .\, n. A species of silk handkerchief. 

BAND liOX, n. A slight paper box for bands, caps, bonnets, 
nuilTs, or other light articles. 

BAND KD, pp. Bound with a band ; united in a band. 

HAND r.R, H. One that bands or associates with others. 

BA.ND HR-ET, »i. In Swisserland, a general in chief of 
military forces. 

l!.\M)iED, pp. Beat or tossed to and fro; agitated; con- 
troverted vlihont ceremony. 

HA.ND ING, ppr. Binding with a band ; uniting in a band 
or company. 

BANDIT, n. ; vlu. Bahdits, or Basditti, (ban-dit le) 
[It. liandito.] An outlaw ; also, in a general sense, a rob- 
bt-r; a highwayman ; a lawless or desperate fellow. 

n A.N DLE, n. An Irish measure of two feet in leneth. 

BAND LET, j n. [Fr. bandeUtte.] .\ny little band or flat 

BANDELET,) molding. 

BA.NDLX;,n. A large species of dog. Sliak. 

IJAN-IK» IS.y.nt", n. [fp. bandulrra.] A large lentnom 
belt. Uirowii over tliG ritflit Klioulder, and liangiiig uiulci 
till' ii-n arm ; worn by ancient iiumki-U-crii fur miitluiiiiiig 
tlirlr lire arm*, himI their iiiujiket cliurtfeii, winch, Ixriiig 
put liilo liUle uiMrili'ii (iUH'ii, niid cijiilrd with leather, 
were liiiiig, to the iiuiiilirr of twelve, ti each bandoleer. 

t II. \N IMI.N, n. DwpiMil ; licciiiie. Chaucer. 

II. V.N DoKK, M. [.'^p. banduma.l A muitical utringcd itiitin- 
iiieiit. like a lute. 

BAM) lt(')l,, II. (Fr bandrrolf.] 1. A little flag or KtreamCT 
in fiiriii of a guidon, lined to be liiiiiK on the iiiaftji of ve«- 
wIh. -J. 'I'he little fniiged mlk iLg tJiat huiiga uu a 

II.V.ND.'^TKLNCj, n. A Hiring apfx^ndant to a l^and. 

IIAND'V, H. [Fr. bander.] A club f(jriilriking a ball at play 

IIA.ND<V, r. I. 1. To beat to and fro, an a ball iii play 
2. To exchange ; to give and receive reciprocally. U. To 
agitate ; to tcwii about, a.-< from man to man. 

B.'V.ND'V, v. I. 'I'o contend, an at dome game, in wbicb 
each strives to drive the ball his own way. 

H/V.ND V'-l.Nc;, ppr. lieating, iinjielling or totwing from one 
to another ; agitating in controversy without ceremony. 

BA.ND' Y.LEU, n. A crooked leg ; a leg bending inward or 

BAND'V-LF.GGED, a. Having crwiked legs. 

B.VNE, n. [i-'ax. Aana.J I'oi.-win of a deadly quality ; lienM 
an^ fatal cause of mischief, injury or destruction. 

B.VNf", r. I. To poii<on. Shak. 

Ba.NE'-BEK-KY, 71. A name of the herb Christopher, acUtc, 
or acomtum rocemvsum. 

BANEFUL, a. Poisonous; pernicious; destructive. 

BaNE'FUL-LY, adv. I'erniciously ; destructively. 

BANE'FUL-NESS, 71. Pois(jnousness ; destructiveness. 

UaNE'-VV6IIT, n. A plant, called aiso deadly nightuhade. 

BANG, V. t. I'Dan. banker.] 1. To beat, as with a club or 
cudgel ; to ttiump ; to cudgel. [Jl lute icord.] 2. Tobeator 
handle roughly ; to treat witli violence. 

BANG, 71. A blow with a club ; a heavy blow. Shak. 

BANG ING, a. Large ; great, (h-ase. 

BAN GLE, V. I. To waste by little and little ; to squander 
carelessly. Johnson. 

♦B.'VN'I.'VN, 71. 1. A man's undress or morning gown, aa 
worn by the Banians in the Ea-st Indies. 2. A Gentoo ser- 
vant, employed as an agent in commerce. 3. A tree in 
India. Jililton. 

BAN'ISH, r. t. [Fr. bannir.] 1. To condemn to exile, or 
compel to leave one's country. 2. To drive away ; to 
compel to depart. 3. To quit one's country voluntarily 
as, he banished himself. 

B.VN'ISHED, pp. Compelled to leave one's cotintry ; driven 

B.'VN'ISH-ER, 71. One who compels another to quit hia 

BANISHING, ppr. Compelling to quit one's country ^ 
driving away. 

B.V.N'ISll-ME.NT, 71. 1. The act of compelling a citizen to 
leave his country. 2. A voluntary forsaking of one's coun- 
try upon oath, called abjuratwn. 3. The state of being 
banished ; exile. 4. The act of driving away or dispelling 

BAN'IlS-TER, 71. A corruption o( baluster, which see. 

BANK, 71. 1. A mound, pile or ridge of earth, raised above 
the surrounding plain. 2. .Any steep acclivity, whetlier 
rising from a river, a lake, or the sea, or forming the side 
of a ravine. 3. A bench, or a bench of rowers, in a gal- 
ley. 4. A collection or stock of money. 5. TTie place 
where a collection of money is deposited ; a house used 
for a bank. 6. .\ company of persons concerned in a 
bank. 7. An elevation, or rising ground, in the sea , 
called <)i\90 flats, shoaU, shelves or shalloics. 

B.ANK, r. (. I. To raise a mound or dike ; to inclose, de- 
fend or fortify with a bank. 2. To pass by the banks of. 
Shak. [■.^■o( in use.] 3. To lay up or deposit money in a 
bank. [/,i(t/c usedT] 

B.ANK .-VBLE, a. Receivable at a bank, as bills; or dis- 
countable, as notes. \ Of recent origin.] 

B.VNK-BILL, or BANK-NOTE, ii. .\ promissory note, is 
sued by a banking company. 

B.VNKED, pp. Raised in a ridge or mound of earth ; inclosed, 
or fortified with a bank. 

B.VNK ER, n. 1. One who keeps a bank. 2. A ve«5el em- 
ployed in the cod fishery on the banks of Newfoundland 
Mar. Diet. 

B.A.NK ING, ppr Raising a mound or bank ; inclosing with 
a bank. 

B.V.NK ING, 71. The business or employment of a banker. 

B.VNK'RI'l'T, ;i. [Fr. banqueroute.] i..\ tnder who se- 
cretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud 
his creditors. 2. A trader who becomes unable to pay hia 
juft dthls ; an insolvent trader. 

BANK RITT, a. Having committed acts of bankruptcy , 
unable to pav just debts , insolvent. 

BANKRUPT,' V. t. To break one in trade ; to make insol 

BANK RUPT-CY, n. 1. The state of being a bankrupt, ot 

Sti Synopsis. A, E, I, 0, C, t, lon^.—FKR, F^LL, ^YIIAT ;— PR^Y ;— PIN, MARINE, BIRD ;— f Obsolcit 




Uisolvenl j inability to pay all deb'j. 2. Tlie act of be- 
coming a bankrupt. 

BANKKUl'T-KL), p/). Rendered insolvent. 

B.^-NK'KLIPT-liNG, ppr. breaking in trade , rendering in- 

BA.NK'RliPT-LAW, n. A law, which, upon a bankrupt'i 
surrendering all liis property to :niiinii-;sioners lor the 
benelit of his creditors, distliarges him from the payment 
of liis debts. 

BAN'K'KUFT-SVSTE.M, n. A system of laws and legal 
proceedings in regard to bankrupts 

BAKK-STOCK, n. A share or shares in the capital stock of 
a bank. 

BAiNNER, 71. [Fr. bannierc] 1. A square flag; a military 
ensign , the principal standard of a prince or state. 'J. A 
streamer borne at the end of a lance or elsewhere. — 3. In 
butaiiy, the upper petal of a papilionaceous cond. 

BA.N'A'ERliU, a. Furni.shed witli or bearing banners. 

B.\.N'NER-ET, n. [Vx.] A knigirt made in the field. On 
the day of battle, the candidates presented their flags to 
the king or general, who cut off the train or skirt, and 
taade it square. They were then called knights of the 
square fiair. 

BANNIAN. See Banian. 

BAN'NK-RoL. .See Bandrol. 

tBAN-NI"T10N, n. [h. bannUiis.} The act of expulsion. 
Jibp. Laud. 

BANNOCK, n. [Ir, ioinnfo?-.] A cake made of oatmeal or 
peas-meal, baked on an iron plate over the lire. 

BAN'OY, 71. A species of hawk. 

BAN'aUET, 71. [l-'r. iuTiryuc^.] A feast; a rich entertain- 
ment of meat and drink. 

BAN'UUET, V. t. To treat with a feast. 

BAN'tiUKT, V. i. To fe:ist ; to regale one's self with good 
eating and drinking. Hhak. 

BA.N'ClUKT-liiJ, pp. Feasted ; richly entertained at the 

BAN'aUET-ER, n. 1. A feaster ; one who lives delicious- 
ly. 2. One who makes feasts or rich entertainments. 

BAN'dUET-IiNG, ppr. I. Feasting; entertaining with rich 
fare. 2. Partaking of rich fare. 

BAN'UUET-ING, n. A feast ; luxurious living. 

BA\'aUET-IN(i-IIOi;SE, or HAiN'dUKT-UOUSE, ti. A 
house where entertainments are made. 

BAN UlJF.T-I.\<i-ROOiM, 71. A saloon, or spacious hall for 
public entertainments. 

BAN-aUETTE', or BAN-QUET', (ban-kef) n. [Fr.] In 
fortificatwn.1 a little raised way or foot bank, running 
along the inside of a parapet, on which musketeers stand 
to fire upon the enemy. 

BAN'SHEE, or BEN 8H1, n. An Irish fairy. Todd. 

BAN'STie-KLE, 71. A small fish, called also slickle-back. 

BAN'TER, 0. t. To play upon in words and in good hu- 
mor , to rally ; to joke, or jest with. 

BAN'TER, H. A joking or jesting ; raillery ; wit or humor ; 

BAN TERED, pp. Rallied ; laughed at in good humor 

B.\N'TER-ER, 71. One who banters, or laughs at with 

BAN TER-ING, ppr. Joking ; laughing at with good hu- 

DANT'LING, n. A young child ; an infant. 

B.\PT[»M, 71. [Gr. flartrian.j.] I. The application of water 
to a person, its a sacrament or religious ceremony, by 
which he is initiated into the visible rhurch of Christ. 
2. The Buflerings of Christ, 'i. So much of the gospel aa 
was preached by John the Baptist. 

BAI'-TIS'MAri, a. Pertaining to baptism. 

BAP'Tli^T, n. 1. One who administers baptism. This ap- 
pellation is appropriately given to John, the forerunner 
of (,'lirist. 2. As a contraction of Jlnahnptist , one who 
denies the doctrine of infant baptism, and maintains that 
baptism ought to be administered only to adults by im- 
mersing the body in water. 

BAP'TLS-TER-Y, 71. [L. bnplMmum.] A place where the 
sacrament of baptism Is administered. 


BAP Tl's'TI e\L «• Pertaining to baptism. Bramhall. 

BAP-TIZR', V. t. [Gr. /J-irn^io.] To administer the sacra- 
ment of baptism to ; to christen. 

BAP-TIZ'ED, (bap tizd') pp. Having received baj)tism ; 

BAP-TIZ'ER, n. One who christens, or administers bap- 

BAP-TIZ'ING, ppr. Administering baptism to ; christen- 

BXR, 71. [W. bar.] 1. A piece of wood, iron or other solid 
matter, long in proportion to its diameter, used for various 
purposes, but especially for a hindrance tir obstruction. 
2. Any obstacle which obstructs, hin<l(TH or defends ; an 
obstruction ; a fortification. :!. The shore of the Bea, 
which restrains Its waters. •!. The riiling that incloses 
the place which counsel occupy in courts of justice ; the 
body of lawyers licensed in a court. 5. f't;,'«r(i(ire/i/, any 

tribunal ; as, the bai of public opinion. C. The inclosed 
place of a tavern, inn or cotfee house, w»n;re the land- 
lord or his servant deli\ers out liquors, ahd wait^ uiwu 
customers 7. .-V bank of sand, gravel, or earth, forming 
a shoal at the mouth of a river or harbor, obstructing en- 
trance, or rendering 11 diihcull. e. A rock in the sea ; 
any thing by which structure is held together. 'J. An> 
thing laid across another ; as, ban in heraldry, stripes in 
color, and the like. — lu. Iii Uu mttuige, the liiglict>l part 
of the place in a horse's mouth between the grinders and 
tusks. — 11. In mu-nic, barn are lines drawn per|)endicu- 
larly across the lines of the sUilf, including between cacli 
two a certain ((uantity of time, ur number of beatis. — 
12. In lair, a peremptory exception, sulhcienl to destroy 
the jilaintiirs action. 1:<. A bar of gold ur silver is an 
ingot, lump or wedge, from the iiiine^, run in a mold, 
and unwrought. A bar of iron is a long piece, wrought 
in the forge, and hammered from a pig. — 14 AinongpriMt- 
er.i, the iron with a wooden handle, by which Uie screw 
of the press is turned. 
BAR, V. t. 1. To fasten with a bar. 2. To hinder; to ob- 
struct, or prevent, y. To prevent; to exclude; to hinder; 
to make impracticable. -I. To proliibit ; to restrain or ex- 
clude by express or implied prohibition. 6. To obstruct, 
prevent or hinder by any moral obstacle. 6. To except ; 
to exclude by exception. 7. To cross with stri[>e3 of a 
dilferent color. H. y'u iar a fem, in farriery, is an opera 
tion upon the legs of a horse, to stop malignant humoib. 
9. To adorn with trappings ; a contraction o( barb. 
B.\1{U, 71. [\,. barba.] I. Beard, or that which resembles it, 
or grows in tl;c place of it. 2. 'I'he down, or puies, cov- 
ering the surface of some plants. \i. Jiiiciently, armoi 
for horses ; formerly, Aaric or 4arJe. 4. A common name 
of the llarbary pigeon. 5. \ horse from Barbary, of 
which it seems to be a contraction, (i. The points thai 
stand backward in an arrow, fisli-hook, or other instru- 
ment for piercing, intended to prevent its being extract- 
ed. — 7. In bolainj, a straight process armed with teeth 
pointing backward like the sting of a bee. 
BaRB, v. t. 1. To shave ; to dress the beard. [Oft.*.] Skak 
2. To furnish with barbs, as an arrow, fish-hook, spear, or 
other instrument, y. To put armor on a horse. .Milton. 
BAR'BA-CAN, 71. [Fr. barbacane.] 1. \ fortification or 
outer defense to a city or c;istle. 2. A fortrets at the 
end of a bridge, or at the outlet of a city, having a double 
wall with towers. \i. An opening in the wall of a for- 
tress, through which guns are leveled and fired upon an 
nAK-BA'DOES-CllER'RY, 71. The malpiirhia. 
BAR-Ba DOES TAR, 71. A mineral fluid, of the nature of 

the thicker Huid bitumens. 
BAR-Ba'RI-AN, 71. [L. barbarus ; Gr. Pappapos.] 1. A 
man in his rude, savage state ; an uncivilized person. 
2. A cruel, savage, brutal man ; one destitute of pity cr 
hui/ianity. 3. A ftireigner. 
BAR-UA'RI-AN, a. 1. Belonging to savages ; rude ; uncivil- 
ized. 2. Cruel ; inhuman. 
B.\RBAR'ie, a. [L. barbaricus.'l Foreign ; imported from 

foreign nations. 
BAR'BA-RIi<M, 71. [L. barharismus.] 1. A form of speech 
contrary to the pure idioms of any language 2. Igno- 
rance of arts ; want of learning. Dryden. 3. Rudeness 
of manners ; savagism ; incivility ; ferociousness ; a 
savage state of society. Spenser. -1 Brutality ; cruelty ; 
B.AR-B.-VRI-TY, ?i. 1. The manners of a barbarian : gavaga- 
ness ; cruelty ; ferociousnws , Jthuinanity. 2. Uarba 
rism ; impurity of speech. 
BAR'BAR-IZE, r. t. To make barbarous. Burke. 
t l!AR'BAR-IZE, v. i. To commit a barbarism. .Miltxri. 
BARHAR-OUS, a. 1. Uncivilized; savage; unlettered, 
untutored ; ignorant ; unacquainted with arts ; slranger 
to civility of manners. 2. Cruel ; ferocious ; inhuman. 
BAR BAR \)US EY, adr. I. In the manner of a barbarian ; 
ignorantly ; without knowledge or arts ; contrary to the 
rules of sjH'ech. 2. In a savage, cruel, ferocious or inhu- 
man manner. 
BAR BAR-OUS-NFi'S. ti. 1. Rudene-w or incivility of man- 
ners. 2 Impurity of language. 3. (.■ruelly ; inhumanity ; 
BARBA RV. n A barbary horse ; a barb. 
BAR'BAS-TEL, n. A bat with hairy lips. 
BAR B.ATF^ / a. [E. harbntii.".] In botany, bearded ; also 
BAR ItA TED, i gaping or ringent. 
BXRBE In the mililnrii art, to fire in harbe, is lo fire Uie 

cannon over the parapet. 
BAR BE Cl'E, n. In the West Indies, a hog roasted whole 
It is, irith i<«, used for an ox, or perhaps any other animal, 
dre.ssed in like manner. 
BAR HE riE, r.t. To dress and ro.i«t a hog whole; lu 

ro;ist any animal whole. 
BARHEM," piK 1. Furnished with armor. S. Beardrd ; 

jagged with I ks or points. 3. bliaveJ or triinn>>d , 

having the beard dressed. 

*Set SynopsU M^VE, BOOK, DOVE ;— B(,'LL, UNITE.— C oa K ; G as J ; Su Z ; CII as SII ; Til as In thit \ ObMUit. 




OAR'IIKI., n. [I<. kiirhn.] 1. A (lull of the (jmuii ft/pnnu*. 
iJ. A knot III' miin'rlludiiM tlirxli, KriiwIiiK in thi- cliuiiii)-l« 
ufu liimu'n iiiiiiilli i written uino liarhlr, iir barh. 

BAK'IIICK, n. [I'lTMian, (i(irbr.| ( )nii wliimi- iK'Cu|uiti(in ta to 
■Imvo Mifh, iir t(i hIiiivc) iiiiil dri-m liiiir. SItak. 

BAK'KKK, I', t. To hIi.ivo niid ilrfxii linir. shak. 

BAU I1I;K-CIII iai|l(;i;il.\, n. Onr wliojoinii llin prarliro 
of aiirgfry Willi tliiil ol u burlier, ii pructicc imw uiiuiiuiU ) 
n low iirnct it loner of NurKory. 

tllAK (IKK KSS, II. A fcmulc! barbw. 

ilAK'IIDK-MuNt^'KU, n. A iiiiiii who frcM|uenU Uie tiar- 
brr'KHlion: a fup. S/iak. 

BAK'UKK-KY, n. [\.. berberU.] A plant of llio (fcniui Arr- 
/irri.', common in liodgui* ; called in KiiKlaiid piiijicrul/rc- 

BAU UCT, n. I. A name of n 8|H-cie!i of worin». 2. Tlio 
buccii, a genua of bird*. 'J. A dog bo culled from bia long 

BAKI), n. [W. bardh.] I. A |Ki<'t and a ainger among the 
ancient Cells. L'. In modrrn u.^iitgr, a poet. fopc. 

B.KKU, n. The tmppinKB of a honiv. 

Baku KH, a. in hrraldry, capariwinrd. 

BAR-I)1>< AMti'I'S, n. A sect of heretics, who aprung 
from Ilardetianea, 

BAKD'IC, (1. rertaininR to bardH, or to their poetry. 

BAKU ISII, a. rertaiiiing to bards ; written by a bard. 

BAKDIS.M, n. 'J'lie science of bards; the learning and 
maxims of bards. Owen. 

B.VKK, u. [Sax. 6ar, or A.rr.] 1. Naked ; without cover- 
ing. 'J. \Viih the head uncovered, from respect. 3. 
Plain ; .simple : unad<irnc<l ; without the polish of refined 
manners. 4. Laid open to view ; detected ; no longer 
concealed. ."J. Poor ; destitute ; indiffciit ; empty ; un- 
furnished, ft. Threadbare ; much worn. 7. VV'anting 
clothes ; or ill supplied with garments. 

BAKK, r. t. [i~ax. abarian.] To slrip off the covering ; to 
make naked. 

LB.MlK.The old preterit of bear, now bore. 
.aKK lioNK, n. A very lean person. 

B.aKK'IIo.N'ED, a. Lean, so that the bones appear, or, rath- 
er, so that the bones show their forms. 

RAKKl), pp. Made bare ; ma'ie naked. 

DAKE I'ACEn^ a. I. With the face uncovered ; not mask- 
ed. 2. Undisguised ; unreserved ; without concealment ; 
hence, shameless ; impudent ; audacious. 

BARE F.'\-C"EU-LY, adv. Without disguise or reserve ; 
openly ; impudently. 

B.\RE'F.\-CED-.\ESS, n. Effrontery ; assurance ; auda- 

BARE FOOT, a. With the feet bare ; without shoes and 

B.XKE FOOT, a. or adr. With the feet bare. 

B.ARr.iF(X)T-ED, a. Having tlie feel bare. 

n.^KEC.NAWN, (bare'nawn) a. Eaten bare. Shak. 

BaRE'UE.\I)-EI), a. Having tlie head uncovered, either 
from res|)ect or other cause. 

n.\KE HEAD ED-NESS, u. The state of being bareheaded. 

BARE'I^EGGED, a. Having the legs bare. 

B.\RE'LY, Oi/f. Nakedly; poorly; indigently; without 
decoration ; merely : only ; without any thing more. 

BARE NECKED, a. Ilaving the neck uncovered. 

BARENES.^, n. Nakedness; leanness; poverty; indi- 
gence ; defect of clothes. 

BARE PICKED, a. Picked to the bone. S,Vui. 

BARE'RIBBED, a. Lean. Shak. 

BAR Fl'L. See Barrful. 

BARG.-\IN, (bir'gin) ;i. [Fr. Aar^uiu Vr.] 1. An agree- 
ment between parties concerning the; 'ale of property ; a 
contract. 2. ^stipulation ; interested (.waling. 'J. Pur- 
ch.ise. or the thing purchased. 

BAR'GAIN, r. i. To make a ctmtnict or agrt^'ment. 

BAR'GAIN, r, t. To sell ; to transfer for a coi sideration. 

BAR-GAIN-EEy, n. The party in a contnict % ho receives 
or agrees to receive the property sold. 

B.X.RGAIN-ER, n. The party in a contract who vipulates 
to sell and convey property to another. 

BARGE, (blrj) n. [D. bargie.] 1 .\ pleisure boat , a ves- 
sel or boat of state, elegantly furnished. 2. .V tI..t-bot- 
tomed vessel of burden, for loading and unUxiding ships. 

BARGE -C6UP-LES, n. In architecture, a beam mortised 
into another, to strengthen the building. 

BARGE -COURSE, )i. In bricklawinr, a part of the tiling 
winch projects beyond the principal rafters. 

BARoE MAXj n. The man who manages a barge. 

BARGE'M.\S- per, n. The proprietor of a barge, conveying 
goods for hire. 

BARG'ER, II. The manager of a barge. 

BA-RILL.\, n. [Pp.] 1. .\ plant cultivated in Spain for 
its ashes, from whicli the purest kind of mineral alkali is 
obtained. 2. The alkali procured from this plant. 

BAR I-TONE. See Barttone. 

B.\R I-UM, n. The metallic basis of bariites, which is an 
oxyd of iarium. Davy, 

BARK,ii. [Dan. Aari.] 1. The rind or exterior covering of 

a trr**, eorreaponrliiig to the akin of an sniiual. •. Py 

trau itj dutinrlivH, Peruvian biirk, 

BARK, r. r. 'J'o |M-4;I ; tu atrip olf bark. Abo, to cover or 
IncbaM! with bark. 

BARK, or liARCll'K, 71. [Ir. Aar<-, fr. bar</ue.] A amall 
ahip ; but appropruitely, a alilp which carrum tliree inuata 
without nnii'/.zj'ntop-«ail. 

BARK, V. 1. [fax. bevrcan.) 1. To make the noiiic of doga, 
when they threaten or pumiie. 2. 'Jo clamor at ; to pur- 
rue with unreowmMble clamor or reproach. 

BAKK'-IIARED, n. .'^trip(>ed of the bark. Mortimer. 

BAKK'-IKJUNU, a. ilaving Uic bark uxi lirtn or cUae, aa 
with trcea. 

BARKED, pp. Stripped of the bark ; peeled ; alao, cm-eied 
with bark. 

BARKER, n. fine who barka, or clamora unreasonably ; 
one who atri|>H Ireea of llicir bark. 

BARK -GALLED, a. Having llie bark galled, aa with 

BAKK'INO, ppr. Stripping off bark ; making the noise of 
dogM : clamoring ; covering with bark. 

BAKK'Y, a. ConsiHtliig of bark ; containing bark. Shak. 

BAR LEY, n. j W. Aar/y//.] A species of grain, uiicd mpe 
cially for making malt, from winch are diittilled licpioniof 
extensive use, as brer, ale and purter. 

BAR LEY-KRAKE, n. A rural play ; a trial of dwiftnesf. 

BAR'LEY-BROTII, n. A low word for strong b*.er. 

BAR'LEY-€ORN, n. A grain of barley ; the third part ot 
an inch in length ; hence originated our measures ol 

EAR'LEY-MOW, n. A mow of barley, or the place where 
barley is deposited. 

BAR'LEY-8I;GAR, (barle-shugar) ti. Fugar boiled till it 
is brittle, formerly with a decoction of barley. 

BAR'LEY-WA'TER, n. A decoction of barley. 

BARM, n. [Pax. Acorwi.] Y'east ; the scum ri-'ing upon beer, 
or other malt liquors, when fermenting, aud used as 

BARM'Y, a. Containing barm, or yea«t. Shak. 

BARN, 71. [Sax. Arrcrn.l A covered building for securing 
grain, hay, flax, and other productions of the earth. In 
the JV'urthem States of Jimenca, the farmers generally use 
barns for stabling their horses and cattle ; so that, among 
them, a barn is both a comhouse, or grange, and a stable. 

t BARN, r. t. To lay up in a barn. Shak. 

BAR'.NA-CLE, 71. [Port. AerTiaca.] I. A shell, '*'hich is 
often found on the bottoms of ships, rocks, and limber, 
below the surface of the sea. 2. A species of goose, found 
in the northern seas, but visiting more southern climates 
in winter. 3. In the plural, an instrument to put upon a 
horse's nose, to confine him, for shoeing, bleeding, or 

BARN'-DoOR, 71. The door of a bam. Milton. 

B.-VRO-LITE, 71. [Gr. (iapoi and XiOof.] Carbonate of 

BA-ROM'E-TER, 7i. [Gr. Papoi and ptrpov.] An instrument 
for measuring the weight or pressure of the atmosphere. 
Its uses are to indicate changes of weather, and to deter 
mine the altitude of mountains. 

BAR-O-MET'RI CAL, a. Pertaining or relating to the ba- 
rometer ; made by a barometer. 

B.\R-0-MET RI-CAL-LY, adr. By means of a barometer. 

B.\R ON, 71. [Fr. baron ; Sp. baron, or raron : It. barone.] 

1. In Great Britain, a title or degree of nobility ; a lord ; 
a peer ; one who holds the rank of nobility next below 
that of a viscount. 2. Baron is a title of certain officers, 
as, barons of the eichequer. Barons cf the Cinque Porli 
are members of the house of commons, elected by the 
seven Cinque Ports. — 3. In late, a husband ; as, Aaron 
and feme, husband and wife. 

BAR'ON-AGE, n. 1. The whole body of barons or peers 

2. The dignity of a baron. 3. The land which gives title 
to a baron. .John.ion. 

B.\R O.N'-F.St', 71. A baron's wife or lady. 

B.VR ON-ET, 71. [Fr. ; dimin. of baron.] A dignity or degree 
of honor, next below a baron, and above a knight ; hav- 
ing precedency of all knights except those of the garter, 
and lieing the only knighthood that is hereditary. 

BA-RO NI-AL, a. Pertaining to a baron. Kncye. 

B.VR 0-NY, 71. The lordship, honor, or fee of a baron, 
whether spiritual or temporal. 

BAR OS-COPE, n. [Gr. ^apo; and okoxcu.] An instniment 
to show the weight of the' atmosphere ; superseded by the 

B.\R-OS-eOPie, o. Pertaining to, or lietermined by, the 

BAR-O-^EL'E-NITE, n, [Gr. papos or 0apvc, and selenite.] 
A mineral ; sulphate of Aaryff* ; heavy spar. 

B.\R RA, II. In Portugal and Spain, a lung measure for 
cloths. F.ncvc 

B.\R-RA-€A b.\, »i. A fish, about fifteen inches in length, 
of a dusky color on the back, and a white belly, with 
small black spots. 

• &« Synopsit. i., S. I, 0, 0, Y, lonf .— FAR, FALL, WH^iT ;— PRgY ;— P^'"*. M.\R1NE, BiRD ;— j Obidett. 




PAriRA-€AN, n. [Jt. baracanc] A thick, strong stuff, 
Buinethjiig like caiiielot ; used fur clokes, &c 

UAK KAt/'K, n. [Sp. barraca ; Fr. baraque.] A hut or 
liouBe for soldiers, especially in garrisun. 

BAH'RAt'K-MXS'TIiK, n. The ollicer who superintends 
the barracks of soldiers. Sirift. 

BAK-KA-€U'UA, 71. A species offish, of the pike kind. 

UAK KA-TOR, n. [Old Fr. baral.] 1. CJne who frequently 
excites suits at law ; an encourager of litigation. 2. 'i'he 
ina.stcr of a ship, who commits any fraud in tlie manage- 
ment of the ship. 

BAK'KA-TKY, ji. 1. The practice of eiciting and encour- 
aging lawsuits and quarrels. — 2. In commerce^ any species 
of cheating or fraud, in a shipmaster, by which the own- 
ers or insurers are injured. 

B.\KRKU, pp. Fastened with a bar ; hindered ; restrained ; 
excluded ; forbid \ striped ; checkered. 

BAK'REL, n. [VV. Fr. baril ; Sp. 4am/.] 1. A vessel or 
cask, of more length than breadth, round, and bulging in 
the middle, made of staves and heading, and bound with 
hoops. 2. The quantity which a barrel contains. 3. Any 
thing hollow and long, as llie barrel of a gun ; a tube. 
4. A cylinder. 5. A cavity behind the tympanum of the 
ear is called tke barrel of tlie car. 

BAR'REL, V. t. To put in a barrel ; to pack in a barrel. 

BAR'REL-BEIVLIKD, a. Having a large belly. 

BAR'RELEI), pp. Put or packed in a barrel. 

BARRELED, a. Having a barrel or tube. 

BAR'REL-ING, ppr. Putting or packing in a barrel. 

BAR REN, a. 1. Not producing young, or offspring ; ap- 
plied to animals. 2. Not producing plants ; unfruitful ; 
Bteril ; not fertile ; or producing little ; unproductive. 3. 
Not producing the usual fruit ; applied to trees, See. 4. 
Not copious ; scanty. 5. Not containing useful or enter- 
taining ideas. G. Unmeaning ; uninventive ; dull. 7. 
Unproductive ; not inventive. 

BARRE.\, 71. 1. In the states west of the Alleghany Mernn- 
taiiis, a word used to denote a tract of land, rising a few 
feet above the level of a plain, and producmg trees and 
grass. Atwater. 2. Any unproductive tract of land. 

BAR'REN-LY, adv. UnfruitftiUy. 

BAR'REN-NESS, n. 1. The quality of not producing its 
kind ; want of the power of conception. 2. I'nfruitfiil- 
ncss ; sterility; infertility. 3. Want of invention ; want 
of the power of producing any thing new. 4. Want of 
matter ; scantiness 5. Defect of emotion, sensibility, or 
fervency. Taylor. 

BAR'REN-SPIR'IT-ED, a. Of a poor spirit. SUak. 

BAR'REN-WORT, n. A plant, constituting the genus .••pi- 

BXRR FUL, «. Full of obstructions. ShaU. 

BAR-RI-eADp;', n. [Vt. barricade.] 1. A fortification made 
in haste, of trees and earth, in order to obstruct the ["'og- 
ress of an enemy. 2. Any bar or obstruction ; that 
which defends. 

BAR-Rl-eADE', v.t. 1. To stop up a passage ; to obstruct. 

2. To fortity with any slight work that prevents the ap- 
])roaeh of an enemy. 

B.\R-RI-€a'L)U. The same as barricade. 
B.ARRIER, n. [¥i. barrier e.] 1. In/orf('.^<:n<i'on,n kind of 
fence made in a passage. Encyc. 2. A wall for defense. 

3. A fortress or fortified town on the frontier of a country. 

4. .Any obstruction ; any thing which confines, or which 
hinders approach, or attack. 5. A bar to mark the limits 
of a place ; any limit, or boundary ; a line of separation. 

BARRING, vpr. Making fast with a bar ; obstructing ; e.x- 
rhirling ; preventing ; prohibiting ; crossing with stripes. 

BaRR'IN<;-<)UT, n. Exclusion of a person from a place ; 
a boyish sport at Christmas. Sirift. 

B.\R'1{IS-TER, 71. A counselor, learned in the laws, qual- 
ified and admitted to plead at the bar. 

BAR'llnW, 71. [Sax. icrei/ie.] 1. A light, small carriage. 
A hand-barrow is a frame covered in the middle with 
boards, and borne by and between two men. A irhnl- 
harroir is a frame with a box, supported by one wheel, 
and rolled by a single man. 2. A wicker case, in salt 
works, where the salt is put to drain. 

BAR'RdW, H. [Sax. Acrffn, or fcf(»rjfA.] 1. Tn Enjr/anrf, a 
hng ; and, according to A.ih, obsolete. Harrow grease is 
hog's lard. — 2. In America, a male hog castrated ; a word 
in common use. 

BARRnW,?!. [S^\. heara, m brarcirc] In the noines of 
plares, harrow is used to signify a wood or grove. 

BAK'KoW, 71. [i>ax. brorg.] A hillock, or mound of earth, 
intended as a repository 01 the dead. 

BXKSE, 71. An English name for the common perch. 

BARSIIOT, 71. Ponble-headcd shot, consisting of a bar, 
with a half hall or round head nt each end. 

B.\R'TER, I) 1. [f'p. baratar.] To tralfick or trade, by ox- 
rhanging one commodity for another. 

BaRTI'.R, r. t. To give one thing for another in commerce. 

I!.\R'TI;R, 71. The act or practice of trafficking by exchange 
of commodities. 

BAR'TEREn, pp. Given in exchange 

BAR'TER-ER, n Une who trafficks ty exchange of roin- 

B.\K'TER-ING, ppr. Trafficking or trading by an ezcbaage 
of commodities. 

t BAR TER-Y, 71. Exchange of commodities in trade. 

BAR-THOLO-MEW-TIUE, 71. 'ihe term near t^l. Barthol- 
omew's day. Shak. 

BAR'TON, 71. [Sax.ifre-fo7t.] The demain lands of a man- 
or ; the manor itself, and sometimes the out-houses. 

BAR'TRA.M, 71. [L. pyrcthruni.\ .\ plant; pellilory. 

BAR-Y-STRON'TIAN-ITE, 71. [Gr. liapvs, and *<ia7i.) 
A mineral, called also strcnnnite, from Slrvmnesf, in Ork- 

BA-RY'T,^, 71. The earth of barytes in a purified state. 

B.\-R5'TES, 71. [Gr.^upuj, heavy ; ^apuTijs, weight.] Pon 
derous earth ; the heaviest of eartby substances. It is an 
oxyd of a metallic substance called barium. 

BA-RVT l€j a. Pertaining to barytes ; formed of barytes, 
or containing it. h'lncan. 

BAR Y-'i'(J-€.\L'CITE, n. A mixture of carbonate of lime 
with sulphate of barytes, of a dark, or light-gray color, of 
various forms. 

BAR Y-TONE, a. [Gr. Papvg and rovof.] Pertaining to, or 
noting a grave, deep sound, or male voice, h'utker. 

B.Ml'Y-TONE, 71. 1. In music, a male voice, the compass 
of which partakes of the common biise and the tenor. — 2. 
In frrfft /framinar, a verb which has no accent marked 
on the last syllable, the grave decent being understood. 

BASAL, a. Pertaining to the base ; constituting the base. 

BA-S.\LT', n. A dark, grayish-black mineral or stone, 
sometimes bluish orbrow'nish-black,and, when withered, 
the surface is grayish or reddish-brown. 

B.\-?AL'TE?, 71. A kind of stoi.e, of the hardness and color 
of iron, which is found in perpendicular blocks. 

BA-SAET'ie, a. Pertaining to ba^ialt ; formed of or coo- 
tain ing basalt. 

BA-?ALT'l-FORM,a. In the form of basalt ; columnar. 

BA-SALT'INE, 71. 1. Basaltic hornblend ; a variety of com- 
mon hornblend, so called from its being orten iuund lu 
basalt. 2. A column of basalt. 

BAS'A NITE, 71. [Gr. 0aaavc;.] Lydian stone, or black 
jasper ; a variety of siliceous or flinty slate. 

BASE, a. [Fr. ftas, low ; W.bas: U.basso.^ 1. Low in 
place. [06,f.] Spenser. 2. Mean ; vile ; worthless ; that is 
low in value or estimation ; used of thinirs. 3. Of low 
station ; of mean account ; without rank, dignity, or esti- 
mation among men ; used of persons. 4. (if mean spirit ; 
disingenuous ; illibenil ; low ; without dignity of senti- 
ment. 5. Of little comparative value ; apjilird to metals 
fi. I>eep ; grave ; applied to sounds. 7. Of illegitimate 
birth; bom out of wedlock. Shak. S. Not held by honor- 
able tenure. 

BASE, 71. [Gr.liaoic, L. basis.] 1. The bottom of any 
thing, considered as its support, or the part of a tlif lg on 
which it stands or rests. — In architecture, the biu-ie of a 
pillar properly is that part which is between the top of a 
pedestal and the bottom of the shall. F.ncyc. 2. The part 
of any ornament which hangs down, as housings. 3. 
The broad part of any thing, as the bottom of a cone. 4. 
The place from which racers or tillers start ; the Ixittom 
of the field ; the starting post. .'>. The lowest or gravest 
part in mtisic. 6. A rustic play, called also bays, or in-tson 
barf. — 7. In geometry, the lowest side of the perimeter 
of a figure. — 8. In chemistry, any body which is dis- 
solved by another body, which it receives and fixes. 9. 
Thorough base, in music, is the part perfi)rmed with base 
viola or theorbos, while the voices sing, and other instiu- 
ments perform their parts. 

BASE, )•. (. I. To emliase ; to reduce the value by the ad- 
mixture of meaner metals. [Little used.] Baron. 2. To 
found ; to lay the base or foundation. F.dinhurgh Herieie. 

BASE-BORN, n. 1. Born out of wedlock. 2. Bnmoflow 
)iarentajfe. 3. Vile ; mean. 

BASE -Court, 71. [Fr. ft(i«.<'-<-''i'r.] The hark yard, op. 
posed to the chief court in front of a house ; the fiirm yard. 

Based, m). Reduced in value ; founded. 

BASE'LESS, o. Without a base ; having no foundation, 01 

BASE'LY, adv. 1. In a ha-ie manner; meanly ; dishonora- 
bly. 2. Illegitimately ; in b:\stnrdy. 

BASE'MENT, 71. In nrrhttrriurr, the gmtind floor, on 
which the order, or columns which decorate the principal 
storv, are pinren. 

BASE-MTND-ED, a. Of n low spirit or mind ; mean. 

BASE -MIND ED-.NF-"^S, n. Meanness of spirit. 

BASE NF."<S, n. I. Mrnnnei's ; vileness ; worl^ilessiiesa 
2. Vileness of metal ; the quality of being o( little couv- 

rnrativo value. 3. Bastardy ; illegitimacy of birth. 4. 
lecpness of sound. 
BASE .VET, 71. A helmet. Spenser. 
BASE'-STRLSG, fi. The lowest note. Shak 

See Synopsis. MOVE, BOQK, D6VE ,— BULL, UNITE.— Caa K , Gm J ; 8 ai Z ; CH lu SH ; Til a* In thu. f ObsoleU 




UAHr,'-VT OI,, ». A eiimticiil iiiHtriinii'ttt, unoil for playliiK 

tlir blue, or uravrHt part. .Sic IIais-Viol. 
IIA.'^II, p. I. |llil). fl3-J 'I'o l)i< imhatiicd i Ui bn conrouixluil 

Willi iiliaiiiii. Siiriuirr.\\V. 11. [Ar. /iii.i/io ( IVm. patha i Hp. ham; It. 
tia.iciu ; 'riirk. baach. — It iitlciulU bo writlun niid pro 
noiiiictMl paii/iaw.] I. A (Itin of honor in llm 'I'lirkiHh ito 
liiiMioiiH ; aiiiiroiiriatrtii, llio tillii ol' llin prime vl/.wr, bill 
^ivcii to viceroyg, or Kovfriioro o( provliirrK, mid to k''>>- 
iraU, and oilier men of dlMtiiiclioii. '.'. A proud, lyruiiiil- 
I il, Dvcrbviiriiiit mnn. 
IIA.-'II b'Uh, <i. 1. fruprrltj, ImvlnR a (Kiwnriuil look; 
liencj, very modest. 'J. .ModeKl to exceiw ; Hlieepisli. M. 
KxcilliiK Blmiiie. 
B V,S||'KLrL.-LY, adv. Very inodustly ; in a timorous man- 

UASHFUIj-NCSS, n. I. Kicrsslve or eilreme modesty ; a 
(inalilyof mind often vi.siblo in exlernaJ appearance, an 
ill blushing, a dowiicoKl look, conlusion, i^c. 2. Viciuua 
or rustic sliame. 
B.\tJ|l'LliS.-<, rt. ."^Iianiolcss ; uiililiisliin^. Sprnser. 
n.ASIL, H. 'I'lio alope or angle of a tool or instruinent, asof 

a cliisci or plane. 
RA.« IL, r. t. To grind or form the edge of a tool to an an- 
D.\*'ir,, n. [Vt. basilic ; It. basilica.] A plant of the genus 

B.\i«iL., n. The skin of a sheep tanned; written also 

BAS IL-\VEKD, n. Wild 'jasil, a plant of the genus clino- 

fMi/iiim. Muhlcnburrr. 
BA.«'1I,.\I{, ) a. [.Sff Basilic] Cliief; an anatomical 
B.\i*'l-LA-RY, \ term applied to several bones, and to an 
artery of the brain. — Basdian monks, monks of the order 
of St. Basil. 
B A? I-Lie, n. [Gr. (3aai\tKr].] .Anciently, a public hall, or 
court of judicature, where princes and magistrates sat to 
administer justice. 
BAiS'l-Lie. 71. The middle vein of the arm, or the interior 

branch ot the a.xillary vein. 
BAS'I-LIC, ja 1. Belonging to the middle vein of the 
BA-?IL'I-e.A.L, ( anil 2. Noting a particular nut, the 
walnut. 3. Being iu the manner of a public edifice, or 
BA-SIL'I-eON, n. [Gr. /3a(riXjA:o?.] An ointment 
B.\S'I-LISK, n. [Gt. ^act'StaKui.] 1. A fabulous serpent, 
called a cockatrice.— "i. In mililary affairs, a large piece 
of ordnance, so called from its supposed resemblance to 
the serpent of that name, or from its size. 
BASIN, (ba'sn) n. [Fr. bassin.] 1. A hollow vessel or 
dish, to hold water for washing, and for various other 
uses. — 2. In Ai/i/rauiics, any reservoir of water. 3. That 
which resembles a basin in containing water, as a pond. 
— 4. .Vmong irlass crrinders, a concave piece of metal, by 
which convex glasses are formed. — 5. Among hatters, a 
lirge shell or case, usually of iron, placed over a furnace, 
in which the hat is molded into due shape. — 6. In anato- 
my, a round cavity between tli»> anterior ventricles of 
the brain. 7. The scale of a balance, when hollow and 
BA'SINED, a. Inclosed in a basin. Youncr. 
BA SIS, n. ; plu. Bases. [I..] 1. The foundation of any 
thing i that on which a thing stands or lies ; the bottom 
or foot of the thing itself, or that on which it rests. [See 
Base.] 2. The groundwork, or first principle ; that 
which supports. 3. Foundation ; support. 4. Basi«, in 
cheoHstry. See Base. 
BXSK, r. i. To lie in warmth ; to be exposed to genial 
heat ; to be at ease and thriving under benign influences. 
BXSK, I", t. To warm by continued exposure to heat ; to 

warm with genial heat. Dryden. 
BXSKEn, pp. Exposed to warmth, or genial lieat. 
B.KS KET, n. [W. basged, or basijawd.] 1. A domestic ves- 
sel made of twigs, rushes, splinters, or other flexible 
things interwoven. 2 The contents of a basket ; as 
ir.uch as a basket will contain. 
BXl-'KET, r. (. To put in a basket. Cotrper. 
BAS KET-FISH, n. A species of sea-star, or star-fish. 
BaS KliT-HlLT, n. A liilt which covers llie hand, and 

defends it from injury, as of a sword. 
BXS KKT-IIILT-ED, a. Having a hilt of basket-work. 
BXS'KKT-S.\I,T, n. Salt made from salt springs. 
BXS KET-\VOM-AN, ii. A woman who carries a basket to 

and from market. 
DXSKIN'CJ, ppr. Exposing or lying exposed to the continu- 

«»■• action of heat or genial warmth. 
BXoK INC-SHXRK, ,i. The sun-fish of the Irish. 
BXSCiUlSlI, (bds'kish) a. Pertaining to the people or lan- 
guage of Biscay. 
BXSS, It. [It has no plural.] The name of several species 

of fish. 
BXSS, n. 1. The linden, lime, ortiel tree ; called niso bass- 
xBood. 2. [pron. bos.] \ mat to kneel on in churches. 

IIA.S'^, n. In muMtc, the haMt ,- the d/^epekt or gravest (mrt of 
» liiiii.'. Tliu word lii liiUM wrilleii, in (iiiilation of the 
lUiliiiii banDu, which In tlio Kiig. liatr, low ; yel Willi the 
prniiiincialion of banc uiid plural ba^ca ; it gnnm <*rror that 
oiiglil Ui be Corrected ; uu tliu word UKcd in proiiuiiciutiun 
In Ihe KngliHh word baae. 

I1A."*H, r. t. To Miund in u deep tone. Sliak. 

BA.SM-KE LIkF', n. Ill I:iikIiiiIi, 6<ue-rr/ir/. [ It. <«ji»<o and 
relievo.] Sculpture, wIiom: ligureH do not «lniid out far 
from the ground nr plane on winch they are formed 
When ligureH do not prutuberale wt an to cxhibil Ihe en 
tire body, they lire iiaid Ui lie done In rrlirf; ni.d when 
they are low, Hal, or liltle raiwd from the plane, the work 
in Haid to Im; in loir relief. V\ hen the flguren are iwj rauufd 
an to be will iliHliiigiiiHtied, tliey are Kiid to be bold, 
tlrong, or high, ullo rrliero. See KcLIBr. 

BASS'-VIOE, 11. ,\ niuNical instrument, UBed for ployinf 
the bass or gravrsi part. 

IIASSA. .Sfc IIa»haw. 

liA.'^Si'.T, n. [I'r. busseite.] A game at cards. 

1!;\S .'^i"!', r. i. Among cval diggers, to incline npwardf. 

IiA.'> SE'l'-I.NG, piir. Having a direction upwards. 

BAS><ET-ING, n. The upward direction uf a vein in a coe< 

BAS-Sfi-eON-CER-TAN'TE, in muMe, is the base ofthe lit 
tic chorus, or that which plays throughout the whole piece 

B.\S'SO-€0.\-TlN'U-U. 'I borough base, which see under 

BASSU-RE-PlK'NO Is the base of the grand chorus, which 
plays only occasionally, or in particular parts. 

BASSO-KK-LlK'VO. See Bass-relief. 

I! ASSi) VI O-LI NO is the base of the base-viol 

I! AS S( H K, n. The same aa bass, a mat. 

BAS-.<()0N', n. [Vt. basson.] .\ musical wind instnimeni, 
blown with a reed, and furnished with eleven holes, 
which are stopped as in other large HiUes. 

BAS-SOON'IST, n. A performer on the bassoon. 

BAST, n. A rope, or cord, made of the bark of tliF lime- 
Iree or linden. 

BASTARD, 71. [\Tm. bastard ; It. basdard ; Ft. b&tard.] 
.\ natural child ; a child begotten and born out of wed 
lock ; an illegitimate or spurious child. 

tBASTARI), H. A kind of sweet wine. Shak. 

BASTARD, a. 1. Begotten and bom out of lawful matri- 
mony ; illegitimate. 2. Spurious ; not genuine ; false ; 
supposititious ; adulterate. 

BAS'TARD, V. t. To make or determine to be a bastard. 

BAS TARD-ISM, n. The state of a bastard. 

BAS'T.VRDIZE, r. t. 1. I'o make or prove to be a ba=tard ; 
to convict of being a bastard ; to declare legally, ur decide 
a person to be illegitimate. 2. To beget a bastartl. Skak. 

BAS TARD-LV, adc. In the manner of a bastard ; spuri- 
ously. Donne. 

BAS'TARD-LY, a. Spurious. Bp. Taylor. 

BAS TARDS. An appellation given to a faction or troop of 
bandits, who ravaged Guienne, in France, in the 14tli cen- 

BAS TARD-T, n. A state of being a bastard, which condi- 
tion disables the person from inheriting an estate. 

BAS-TAR.N'1€, a. Pertaining to the Ba.-tarnir. — Baslamic 
jilps, the Carpathian mountains, so called from tlie an- 
cient inhabitants, the Bastama. 

BASTE, I-. t. [Arm. baz ; Kr. b&ton.] 1. To beat with a 

stick. 2. To drip butter or fat upon meat, as it turns upon 

the spit, in roasting ; to moisten with fat or other liquid. 

B.VSTE, I'. /. [Sp. bastear.] To sew with long stitches ; to 

sew slightly. 
BAST EI), pp. Beat with a stick ; moistened with fat or 
other matter in roasting ; sewed together with long 
stitches, or slightly. 
t BAST ER, n. A blow with a slick or other weapon. fVag- 

BAS TILE, n. [Fr. h&tir, bastir.'] An old castle in Paris, 
built between 1309 and 13S3, used as a stale prison. It 
was demolished in I7S9. 

t B \I^tV-M PN'TO ! "• f*'''* ^'■- *<"'•"""'•] -^ rampart. 

BAS-TI-NADE', or'BAS-Tl-NA DO, n. [■Fr.bas^onnn<^e.^ A 
sound beating with a stick or cudgel ; the blows civen 
Willi a stick or staff. A punishment in use among the 
Turks, of beating an offender on the soles of his feet. 

b'\S^TI-.\A do' ! *■• '• '^° beat with a stick or cudgel. 

BAST'ING, ppr. Beatinc with a stick ; inoLslening with 
dripping ; sewing together with lone stitches. 

BAST ING, 71. A beating with a stick ; a moistenin? with 
dripping ; a sewing together slightly, with Ions stiiche* 

B.\ST10N, (baschun"! 71. [Fr. and Sp. ftii.-NoTi.i A huge 
mass of earth, usually faced with sods, sometimes with 
brick or stones, standing out from a rampart, of which ii 
is a princi|nl pan ; foniierly called a bulirark, 

BASiTO, 71. The ace of clubs at quadrille. 

BAS TON, or BA-TCtON', 7i. In architecture, a round mold- 
ing in the base of a column ; called also a tore 

* ntt Si,vopsis. h, E, I, O, C, T, ;o7.g^.— FAR, FALL, WI1.\T .-PRE-Y .-HN, MARINE, BIRD ;— t ObstUtt. 

BAT 75 

kJAT, 7t. [Sax. bat.] I. A heavy stick or club. 2. Bat or 
/;a(f, a Biiiall copper coin of Guririany. 3. A term givtm 
by miners to stiule, or bituminous ijbule. 

BAT, v. i. To manage a bat, or play vvitn one. 

BAT, 71. A race of quadruixids, teclinically called vesper- 
tUiu, of the order prtmate:i, in Linne's system. The fore 
feet have the toes connected by a membrane, expanded 
hito a kind of wings, by means of which the animals fly. 
The species are numerous. 

BAT -FOWL-LU, n. One who practices or is pleased 
with bat fowling. Barrington. 

BAT'-FOWL-I.NX;, n. A luuie of catching birds at night, 
by holding a torch or otlier light, and beating the bush or 
perch where Ibcy roost. 

Ba''J'AULE, a. Disputable. 

BA-Ta'TAS, n. A species of tick or mite. 

BA-Ta'VI-Ai\, a. Pertaining to Holland, or the isle of 
Betaw in Holland. 

BA-Ta VI-A.\, (I. A native of Betaw, or Holland. 

BATCH, n. [D. bakiel.] 1. The quantity of bread baked 
at one time ; a baking of bread, i. Any quantity of a 
thing made at once, or so united as to have like qualities. 

BATCH E-LOR. Sec Bachelor. 

BATE, n. [Sax. bate] Strife ; contention ; retained in 
make-bate. [Bate, with its derivatives, is little used.] 

B.\TE, V. t. [Ft. battrc] To lessen by retrenching, de- 
ducting or reducing. We now use abate. 

BATE, 1'. I. To grow or become less ; to remit or retrench 
a part. Dryden. 

t llAiE -liUEED-ING, a. Breeding strife. Shak . 

BaTE'KUL, a. Contentious ; given to strife. 

BaTE LESS, a. Not to be abated. Skak. 

B.\TE'.MEIST, n. Abatement ; deduction ; diminution. 

B.V-TE.VU', (bat-to') n. [Er.J A light boat, long in propor- 
tion to its breadth, and wider in the middle than at the 

sect of apostates from Mohammedism. 

t BATFUh, a. Rich, fertile, as land. Mason. 

BATH,n. [,balku.] 1. A place for bathing; a 
vat or receptacle of water for persons to plunge or wash 
their bodies in, and is either warm or cold. 2. A place in 
which heat is applied to a body immersed in some sub- 
stance. :i. A house fur bathing. 4. A Hebrew meas- 
ure containing tlie tenth of a homer, or seven gallons and 
four pints, as a measure for liquids ; and three pecks and 
three pints, as a dry measure. 

BA'i'H -ROO.M, 71. An apartment for bathing. 

B.VTHE, V. t. [Sax. batkian.] 1. To wash the body, or 
some part of it, by immersion, as in a bath. 2. To w;ish 
or moisten, for the purpose of making soft and supple, or 
for cleansing, as a wound. 3. To moisten or sulTuse with 
a liquid. 

BATHE, V. i. To be or lie in a bath •, to be in water or in 
other liquid, or to be immersed in a fluid. 

BaTHEU, pp. Washed as in a bath ; moistened with a li- 
quid ; bedewed. 

B.yi'HiER, n. One who bathes. 

BaTH'I.NU, ppr. Washing by immersion, or by applying a 
liquid ; moistening ; fomenting. 

BATII'INO, n. The act of bathing, or washing the body in 
water. Jilason. 

BATH'ING-TUB, n. A vessel for bathing. 

Ba'TIIOS, n. [Cmt. pados.] The art of sinking in poetry. 

BaT'I.VCJ, ppr. Abating ; taking away; deducting; ex- 
cepting. Locke. 


BAT'IST, >i. A line linen cloth. 

BATIjET, n. A small bat, or square piece of wood with a 
handle, for beating linen. 

BA'1''MA,\, n. A weight used in Smyrna. 

J!A 'I\)0.\ , or BAT'ON, n. [Fr. baton.] A staff or club ; a 
marshal's stalf; a truncheon ; a badge of military honors. 

BA'lMlA-eniTE, n. rCr. /3aTpa;:^os.] A fossil or stone, in 
color resembling a frog. 

BATRA ClIO.M-Y-OM'A-eilY, ji. [Or. /3arpa;;^oj, pvi, 
and pi'-)(ti.] Tlie battle between the frogs and mice ; a 
burles(ine poem ascribed to Homer. 

BA-TRA'CI.\N, a. [Or. ilaTpa->(^oi.] rertaining to frogs ; 
an epithet designating an order of animals, including 
froKs, loads, &c. 

1! A TUa'1'1 \\, n. An animal of the order above mentioned. 
1! A'I'TA BEE, a. Capable of cultivation. 
liAT'TAI-LANT, «. .\ combatant. Sli«llon. 

BAT'TAl-LOUS, a. Warlike ; having the form or appear- 
ance of an army arrayed for battlu. 

I!\l' TaE'IA, (battrdeya) n. [Sp. bntnlln.] 1. The or- 
der of battle ; troops arrayed in their proper hrigndeii, 
regiments, battalions, &c., as for action. ',>. The main 
bcidv of an army in arrav, distinguished from the wings. 

BA'J'-TAE'IO.N, 71. [Fr. bataillon.] A body of infantry, 
consisting of .rom 600 to 800 men. 


BAT-TAL'IOXED, a. Formed into banalions. Barlote 
BA'J''TEL, II. [See Battle.) In lair, wager of iiiltc.', a 

species cf trial for the decision of causes between [larties 
BATTEL, f.». 1. 'I'o grow fat. [Ui.<.l -2. To stand indebted 

in the college books at Oxford, for provisions ai.d drink. 

from the buttery. Hence, a batttUr answers to a at 

BAT'TEL, n. An account of the expenses of a student at 

t BAT'TEL, a. Fertile ; fruitful. Jlouktr. 

n. A student at Oxford. 

tB.VT'TE-iME.NT, 71. [Fr.l A beating ; striking; impulBe. 

B,\T'TE.N, (bat'tii) c. /. 1. 'i'o fatten ; to make fat ; to 
make plump by plenteous feeding. 2. To fertilize or en* 
rich land. 

B.'VT'TE.N', r. i. To grow or become fat ; to live in luxury, 
or to grow fat in ease and luxury. 

B-ATi'l'L-V, 71. A piece of board or scantling, of a few incbM 
in breadth, used in making doors and windows. 

BAT''1'EN, V. t. To form with battens. 

BAT'TER, r. t. [Fr. batire.] 1. To beat with successive 
blows , to beat with violence, so as to bruise, shake, or 
demolish. 2. To wear or impair with beating. 

BAT'TER, r. i. To swell, bulge, or stand out, aj a timber 
or side of a wall from its foundation. 

B.\T TER, 71. A mixture of several ingredients, as flour, 
eggs, salt, &c., beaten together with some liquor, used in 

B.\T'TERED, pp. Beaten ; bruised, broken, impaired by 
beating or wearing. 

BA'J''TER-ER, 71. One who batters or beats. 

BAT'TER-LNG, ppr. Beating ; dashing against ; bruising 
or demolishing by beating. 

BAT''J'ER-iN'(;-RAiM, 11. In antii/mtii, a military engine 
used to beat down the walls of besieged places. 

B.\T''J'ER-Y, 71. [I'r. battcrie.] 1. The act of battering cr 

beating. 2. The instrument of battering 3. In the »7i».- 

itary art, a parapet thrown up to cover the gunners, aj d 
others employed about them, from the enemy's siiot, wuh 
the guns employed. — 1. In lair, the unlawful beating of 
another. — 5. Kleclrkal battery, a number of coated jars 
placed in such a manner, thattliey may l)e charged at the 
same time, and discharged in the same manner. — li. Gal- 
x'anic battery, a pile or series of plates, of copper and 
zink, or of any substances susceptible of galvanic action 

B.'VT'TING, 71. 'J'he management of a bat play 

BAT'TISH, a. Resemuling a bat. Vernon. 

BAT TLE, 71. [Fr. i«(ui//f.] 1. .\ fight, or encounter be- 
tween enemies, or opposing armies ; .an engagennnt. 2 
A body of forces, or division of an army. — Ji jntcli:d bat- 
tle is one iu whicli the armies are previously drawn up ii 

BAT'TLE, V. I. [Fr. batailler ; Sp. batallar.] To join in 
battle ; to contend in tight. 

BAT'TLE, V. t. To cover with armed force. 

BAT TLF^AR-RAY', 71. Array or order of battle ; the dis- 
position of forces preparatory to a battle. 

BA T'TLI'.-AX, ) 71. An axe anciently used as a weapon 

BATTLE-AXE, j of war. 

BA'PTLl'.-DoOR, (b;it'tl-d6re) 71. L An Instrument of 
play, with a handle and a flat board or palm, u.>-ed to 
strike a ball or shuttle-cock ; a racket 2. A child's horn- 
book. [-Vol in ii.'.f 171 U. S.] 

B-VT'TLi; .ME.NT, «. A wall raised on a building witli 
opcMiiiUs or I'liibrasures, or the enibrasiiie il,<rlf. 

BA 1 'TLE .ME.NT El), a. Secured by battlements. 

BAT'TLIXG, H. Contlict. Thomson. 

B.VT-TOLO-GIST, n. One that repeats the same Uiing in 
speaking or writing. [LUIle i/.<rf/.] 

BAT-TOL'O-GIZE, r. t. To re|teat needlessly the same 
thing. Herbert, [l.iltle used.] 

BAT TOL'O-GY, 71. [Gr. fiaTToXoyta.] A needless rriK-ti- 
tion of words in speaking. 

B.AT'TON, 71. In coinmcrfr, pieces of wood ordeal Cir floor- 
ing or otiier purposes. 

B.\TTO-RY,7i. .Xmong the //u7i.s<--7Virii«,n factor) or mag. 
azine in foreign countries. 

BAT'TU-L.'VTE, i\ I. To inlerdirt rominerce. 

BAT-TO-L.A TIO.N', 71. A proliibiiu.ii of comnierre. 

BAT'TY, a. BebmEing to a K-il. SUak. 

B.\TZ, 71. A small copper coin Willi a mixture ofsilver. 

B.\IJ-BEE', 71. In Scotland and th« jVurth of J-'nglund, a 

BAT BLE. .Sff Bawbli. 

B.Vl'ftE, II. A driisgel ini>niinirlured In Biirguno/, with 
thread spun thick, and of UMir«<; wool. 


BAV'A-UOV,ii. A kind of rloke or siirloiit. 

BAV'I.N, 11. A slick like Ihow Ixiimd up in Rtgols ; a piece 
of w.-mle wikmI. — In ir ur, Ihguts. 

BAW'BLE, 71. (Fr. hahmU.] A trifling piece of finery ; a 
gewgaw ; that which Id gay or showy without re-il 

• See Simopsis, MOVE. BOOK. D6VE ;— BI.LL. UMTE,— C as K ; aa J ; S as Z ; CM w SII ; TU as in thU. t ObtolH* 




1 B^^Wn'IJNO, n TrlflinR ; r.mtrmptible. Shak. 

ll/\U'i-C<XJK, n. A lliii- t'ollDW. Shak. 

II(\\VI), Ti. A |iri>ciirp. or prociiniiw. A neninn whii kpcjHi 

n liouiHt orpriMlilutidn, and roiiiliictH rrltritnal inlriRiirH. 
B^VVI), r. 1. I 'I'o procurii ; U) iiniviilu wnirien fur lewd 

piiriHiHcit. 'J. To foul or dirty. [JVul in wie.\ Skrllon. 
nA^vD'-ltOUN, a. l»<THc«ndeJ from ri Imwd. liAak. 
IIAVVIIM LY, ui/o. Olwceiiely; lewdly. 
IIAWD'I Ni;.^S, n. ObHCOliily ; Irwdiii-m. 
I1A\VI»'UU;K, H. |.s>« I1ald»ic«.) a (will. Cliiipman. 
UAWIVUY, H. 1. Tlio practice of iirnciirini; women for the 

grntitication of 3. Obncvnlty | liUliy, unclioMe lan- 

nAW^Ii'V, a. nttucrne; nilliy ; uncli.-wl8. 
UVVViyV-IIOI/SK, n. A liouw, of proHlilullon. 
UA^VL, c, I, [Siix. hrtltni.] To cry out with a loud, Alll 

sound ; to hnot ; to cry lond, iw a ctiild. 
BaU'I, r. t. To prorlnim hy outcry, n* a coounon crl«r. 
BAWLED, pp. I'roclninird liy outcry. 
IIAWL'KK, ,1. Onf who bawls. Kchard. 
BAWIVI.Nc;, ppr. Crying nioud. 
BAWL'ING, «. Tho act of crying with a loud aound. 

BAVVn' ( "■ '• '^° adorn ; to dreRa. fVeatmoreland. 

fUAW.V, n. An inclosiire with mud or stone walla for 
kpi'pine cattle ; a fortification. 

BAW'IIKL, n. A kind of hawk. Todd. 

BAVV'SIN.n. A badger. B. Jonson. 

BAX-Ti";'K[ AN, a. Pertaining to Baxter. 

B.\Y, a. [Vt. baioT haie.] Red, or reddish, inclining to a 
clieMtniit color ; applied to the color of horses. 

B.VY, n. [Fr. bait ; Sp. Port, bahia.] 1. An arm of the sea, 
extending into the land, not of any definite form, but 
smaller than a gulf, and larger than a creek. 2. A pond- 
head, or a pond formed by a dam, for the purpose of driv- 
ing mill-wheels. — 3. In a barn, a place between the floor 
and the end of the building, or a low, inclosed place, for 
depositing hay. — \. In shipn of war, that part on each side 
between decks, which lies between the bilts. 0. Any kind 
of opening in walls. 

BAY, n. I. The laurel-tree. 2. Bays, in the plural, an hon- 
orary garland or crown, bestowed as a prize for victory, 
anciently made or consi.«ting of branches of the laurel. — 
3. In some parts of the U. States, a tract of land covered 
with bay -trees. Drayton. 

B.\Y, n. [Goth, beidan.] .\ state of expectation, watcliing 
or looking for ; as, to keep a man at bay. 

B.\Y, V. i. [Fr. abnyer ; It. baiare.] 1. To bark, as a dog at 
his game. Spenser. 2. To encompass, or inclose, from 
bay. We now use embay. 

BAV, r. t. To bark at ; to follow with barking. 

BaY'-SAIjT is salt which crystalizes or receives its con- 
sistence from the heat of the'sun or action of the air. 

BAY'- WIN-DOW, n. A window jutting out from the waJl, 
as in ihops. 

BAY'-YARN, n. .\ denomination sometimes used promis- 
cuously with woolen yarn. Chambers. 

BAY'ARD, n. 1. A bay liorse. Philips. 2. An unmannerly 
beholder. B. Jonson. 

BaY'ARD-LY, a. Rlind; stupid. Taylor. 

B-\YED, a. Having bays, as a building. 

BAY'O-.VET, n. [Fr. baionrtle : Pp. bayoneta ; ft. baionet- 
ta ; so CAlled, it is said, because the first bayonets were 
Blade at Rayonne.] .\ short, pointed, broad dagger, fixed 
at the end of a musket. 

BAYO-NF/r, r. f. 1. To stab with a bayonet. 2. To com- 
pel or drive bv the bayonet. Burke. 

BAY?, or BAYZE. See Baize. 

BA-ZAR', n. [Pers. ; Russ. bazari.] .Among the Turks and 
Persians, an exchange, market-place, or place where 
goods are exposed to sale. 

BAZ'AT, or BAZ'A, n. A long, fine-spun cotton, from Jeru- 
salem, whence it is called .terusalem cotton. 

BDE[,L'1(T.M, (del'yum) 71. [L.] A gummy, resinous juice, 
produced by a tree in the E.Tst Indies. 

BE, t>. i. substantive ; ppr. being ; pp. been. fSax. beon : G. 
bin, hist ; D. ben.] 1. To be lixed ; to exist ; to have a 
real state or existence. 2. To be made to be ; to become. 
3. To remain. This verb is used as an auxiliary in form- 
ing the tenses of other verbs, and p.articularly in giving to 
them the passive form. — Let be is to omit, or to let alone. 

BE, a prefix, as in because, before, beset, bedeck, is the same 
word as 61; ; i«ax. be, birr ; Goth. bi. It denotes nearness, 
cUweness, about, on, at, from some root signifying topoj;* 
or to press. 

BEACH, n. The shore of the sea, or of a lake, which is 
wished hy the ■ and waves ; the strand. 

nS.^CIl ED, a. Exposed to the waves ; washed by the tide 
and waves Shak. 

BfiACH'Y, a. Having a beach or beaches. Shak. 

Bii.VeON, (bekn) n. [Sax. bearen, beeen.] 1. .\ signal 
erected on a long pole, upon an eminence, consisting of a 
pitch barrel, or some combustible matter, to be fired at 
night, or to cause a smoke by day, to make known the ap- 

proach of an enerny 2. A linlithouje. J. Figuratitelf 
lli.1t winch givni notice of dniigirr. 

(IP. \ « '< i\, r. I. To afford light lu a beacon ; to light up. 

II;;A'C<).N AtJK, iliC kn-nje; n. .Money paid for the muinte- 
nnrice of a iHriicon. Kneuc. Ath. 

BK.AI), n. (Cor. belhe ; f<ux. head.] I. A little perforated 
Imll, to be atning on a thrrad, nnd worn alxtut tlu: neck, 
for ornament. 'J. Any Hmall globular body. — 3. In arcAi 
trrturr, a round molding. 

BRAD' MA-KEK, n. One who makoi bcod». 

nRAI)'-l'K(X)l', a. .'Spirit Is head proof , when, after ihak- 
Inp, a crown of bubblen will stand on the surface. 

BftAD'-RrilJi, n. Among Vathohci.h lijit or caUilogue of 
pcntons, for the rent of whose souls they are to rejK-at a 
certain nuinl)er of prayers, which they count by their 

BRAIV-TREE, n. The azedaraeh, a species of melia. 

BftADS'-.MAN, n. A man employed in praying, generally 
in praying for another. 

BftAl)S'-V\n.M'AN, n. A praying woman ; a woman who 
resides In an alms-house. .4«A. 

BttA'ULK, n. [i^ax. bydrt, or hadel.] I. A messenger or cri 
er of a court ; a serviUir ; one who cites perwins to appear 
and answer. 2. An officer in a anlvernity, wliow- chief 
business is to walk with a mace, before the masters, in a 
public procession ; or, as in Jimrrtea, l)cfore the president, 
trustees, faculty and students of a college. 3. A pariah 
officer, whose business is to punish petty offenders. 

BeA'DLE^SHIP, n. The office of a beadle. 

BkA'GLE, n. [Fr. bi^le.] A small hound, or hunting dog. 

BEAK, n. [D. bek.] I. The bill or nib of a bird. 2. A 
pointed piece of wood, fortified with brass, resembling a 
beak, fastened to the end of ancient galleys, intended to 
pierce the vessels of an enemy. 3. Any thing ending in 
a point, like a beak. This, in .America, is more generally 
pronounced peak. 

BEAK,r. t. .\mongroft-/c'A<«-^, to take bold with theljeak. 

Be.'XIv'ED, a. Having a beak -, ending in a point, like a 

Bg.AK'ER, n. [Ger. beeher.] A cup or glas*. 

BeAK'I-RO\, (beek'l-um) n. A bickern ; an iron tool, 
ending in a point, used by blacksmiths. 

BEAL, n. A pimple ; a whelk ; a small inflammatory tu- 
mor ; a pustule. 

BEAL, r. t. To gather matter ; to swell and come to a head, 
as a pimple. 

t BE-ALL, n. All that is to be done. Shak. 

BEAM, V. [Pax. if am.] 1. The largest, or a principal piece 
in a building, that lies across the walls, and series to suf^ 
port the principal rafters. 2. .Any large piece of tiniNr. 
3. The part of a balance, from the ends of which the 
scales are suspended. 4. The part on the head of a slag, 
which bears the antlers, royals and tops. 5. The pole of^ 
a carriage, which runs between the horses. 6. .\ cylinder 
of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind 
the warp before weaving ; and this name is given also to 
the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is wove. 
7. The straight part or shank of an anchor. — 8. In ship.', 
a great, main, cross timber, which holds the sides of a ship 
from falling together. 9. The m.ain piece of a plow, in 
which the plow-tails are fixed, and by which it is drawn. 

BE.\M'-BiRD, n. In Yorkshire, England, the petty chaiis, 
a species of motacilla. The spotted fly-catcher, a species 
of museieapa. Kd. Encyc. 

Be.\.M'-TREE, n. A species cf teild-sertice. The crat<rgTis 

BE.\M, n. [Pax. beam.] .\ ray of light, emitted from the 
sun, or other luminous txidy. 

BE.\M, r. t. To send forth ; to emit. 

BE.\M, V. i. To emit rays of light, or beams ; to shine 

BR.AM ING, ppr. Emitting rays of light, or beams. 

BeA.M'ING, 71. 1. R.idi.ition ; the emission or darting of 
light in rays. 2. The isi^uing of intellectual light. 

BkAM LEPS, a. Emitting no rays of light. 

BE.\.M'Y, a. 1. Emitting rays of light ; radiant ; shining. 
2. Resembling a beam in size and weight ; m.issy. 3. 
Having horns, or antlers. 

BE.AN, n. [Pax. bean.] A name given to several kinds of 
ptilse. The varieties most usually cultivated are, the 
horse bean, the mazagan, the kidney bean, the cranberry 
bean, the lima bean, the frost bean, &.c. 

BE.AN'-CA-PER, n. .\ plant, a species of zygophyllum, a 
native of warm climates. 

ni? A.N'-f OD, n. .\ small fishing vessel or pilot boat. 

Bl".AN'-FEn, a. Fed with be.tns. Shak. 

Ri?\N'-FLY, n. A beautiful fly, of a pale purple color 

BRAN'-GCX^E, n .\ species of anas, a bird. 

Bi?AN -TREFOIL The cvtisus. Fan. of Plants. 

BRAN'-TRliP-.«EL, n. .\n herb. 

BE.\R, r.t. pret. bore ; pp. born, borne. [Sax.brrait, beran, 
beoran.] 1. To support ; to sustain. 2. To carry ; to con- 
vey ; to supptirt and remove from place to place. 3. To 
wear ; to bear as a mark of authority or distinction ; as, 
to bear a sword. 4. To keep afloat. 5. To support 01 

*Sti Sj/twp$:3, A, E, r, 0, tt, Y, /oBf.—FAR, F,\I L, WH.AT ;— PR£Y ;— PIN, M.\R1I.\E, BIRD ;— t OhaoUtt 




8u<itain without sinking or yielding ; to endure. 6. To 
entertain ; to carry in the mind. 7. To suffer ; to under- 
go. ». To suffer without resentment, or interference to 
prevent ; to liave patience. 9. To admit or be capable of. 
iu. To bring forth or produce, as the fruit of plants, or the 
young of animals. li. To give birth to, or be the native 
place of. 12. To possess and use as power ; to exercise. 
K). To gain or win. 14. To carry on, or maintain ; to 
have. 15. To show or exhibit ; to relate. 1(J. To sustain 
tlie effect, or be answerable for. 17. To sustain, as ex- 
pense : to supply the means of paying. )6. To be the ob- 
ject or 19. To behave ; to act in any character. Shak. 
20. To remove, or to endure the effects of; and, hence, to 
give satisfaction for. 

Tu bear off, is to restrain ; to keep from approach ; and, in 
seamanship, to remove to a distance. — To bear down, is to 
impel or urge ; to overthrow or crush by force. — To bear 
down upon, to press to overtake ; to make all sail to come 
up with. — To bear hard, is to press or urge. — To bear on, 
is to press against ; also, to carry forward, to press, incite 
or animate. — To bear through, is to conduct or manage ; 
to support. — To bear out, is to maintain and support to 
the end ; to defend to the last. — 7'w bear up, to support ; 
to keep from falling. — To bear up, to keep afloat. — To bear 
date, is to have the mark of time when written or exe- 
cuted. — To bear a price, is to have a certain price. — To 
bear a hand, in seamanship, is to make haste, be quick. 

BEAR, V. i. 1. To suffer, as with pain. 2. To be patient ; 
to endure. Dryden. 3. To produce, as fruit ; to be fruit- 
ful. 4. To take effect; to succeed. 5. To act in any 
character. 6. To be situated as to the point of com- 

To bear away, in navigation, is to change the course of a 
ship, when close hauled, or sailing with a side wind, and 
make her run beforb 'he wind. To bear up, is used in a 
like sense, from the ^ ct of bearing up the helm to the 
windward. — To bear a'>icn, is to drive or tend to. — To 
bear in, is to run or tend towards. — To bear up, is to tend 
or move towards ; to be 'upported ; to have fortitude. — 
To bear upon, or against, u. to lean upon or against. — To 
bear against, to approach fo.' attack or seizure. — To bear 
upon, to act upon ; to be poin ed or situated so as to affect. 
To bear with, to endure what is unpleasing ; to be indul- 

BEaR'-CLOTH, or BE.aR'IXC^LOTII, n. A cloth in 
which a new-bom child is covered when carried to 
church to be baptized. 

BEAR, n. [Sax. bera ; Ger. Jar.] 1. A wild quadruped, of 
the genus itrsus. 2. The name of two constellations in 
the northern hemisphere, called the greater and lesser 
bear. In the tail of the lesser bear is tlie pole-star. 

BEAR-RAIT-ING, n. The sport of baiting bears with dogs. 

BEAR'-BER-RY, n. A plant, a species of arbutus. 

BEaR'-BTN'D, n. A species of bindweed. 

BEAR'S'-BUEECH, n. Brank-ursinc, or acanthus, a genus 
of plants. 

BEAR'S'-EAR, n. A name ot primula auricula. 

BEXR'S-EAR S.\N'I-eLE, n. A species of cortusa. 

BEAR'-FLY, n. An insect. Bacon. 

BEAR'if'-FOOT, n. A plant, a species of hellebore. 

BEAR'-OAR-DE.V, n. A place where bears are kept. 

BEAR'-GAR-DEN, a. Rude ; turbulent. Todd. 

BEAR'-WHELP,n. The whelp of a bear. Shak. 

BEAR'S'-WdRT, n. A plant. Shak. 

•BEARD, (herd) n. [Sax. beard; V. board.] 1. The hair 
that grows on the chin, lips and adjacent parts of the face. 
A griuj beard, and reverend beard, are terms for old age. 
2. Beard Is sometimes used for the face. 3. The awn, or 
sharp prickles on the ears of corn. 4. A barb, or sharp 
point of an arrow, or other instrument, bent backward 
from tlift end, to prevent its being easily drawn out. i). 
The heard or chuck of a horse, is that part which bears 
the curb of a bridle, underneath the lower mandible and 
above the chin. ti. The rays of a comet, emitted towards 
that part of the heaven to which its proper motion seems 
to direct it. 

• BEARD, (herd) r. I. 1. To take by the beard ; to seize, 
pluck or pull the beard. 2. To oppose to the face ; to set 
ot defiance. 

•BEARD'HD, (bcrd'ed) a. 1. Having a beard. 2. Barbed 
or jagged, as an arrow. 

• BE.MUVED, (bcrd'cd) pp. Taken by the board ; opposed 
to the face. 

• BEARD'-r.RASS, n. A plant, the andrnpogon. 

• BEARD'I.NG, (berd'ing) ppr. Taking by the beard ; oppos- 
ing to the face. 

*I1EARD'LES.S, (berdness) a. Without a beard ; young; 
not having arrived to manhood. 

• BEARD'T.Ki^.NESS, n. The state or quality of being des- 
titute of beard. 

BEAR'ER, n. [See Bear.] 1. One who bears, sustains, or 
carries ; a carrier. 2. One who wears any thing, as a 
badge or sword. 3. A tree or plant that yields its fruit. — 
■4. In architecture, a post or brick wall between the ends 

I of a piece of timber, to supftort it. — 5. In AeraWry, a figtire 
in an achievement, placed by the side of a sliield, and 
seeming to Bup|H>rt it. 

BEAR'HERD, (I. .\ man that tends bears. 

BEaR'I.NG, p/TT. Supportmg ; carrying ; producing. 

BEaR'I.NG, n. 1. Gesture ; mieu j'beliavior ShaK. 2 The 
situation of an object, Willi respect to duolher object. — 3 
In architecture, Ihe space between the two fixed exlremet 
of a piece of timber. — 4. In nanVatu/n, the situation of 
distant object, with regard to a ship's position, as on thn 
bow, on the lee quarter, itc. — 6. In heraldry, cuats of 
arms or figures of armories. 

BEAR'KSJI, a. Partaking of the qualities of a bear. 

BEAR'LlKE. a. Resembling a bear. shak. 

BEAR.N, n. [Sax. beam ; Goth, bam.] A child. In Scot 
land, bairn. Shak. 

BEAR'WARD, n. A keeper of bears. Shak. 

BE.\ST, n. [Ir. biast^ piasd ; Corn, btst ; D. bttst ; L. 4m- 
tia ; Fr. bite.] I. Any four-footed animal, which may be 
used for labor, food or sport ; distinguished from fowls, 
insects, fishes and man. 2. An irrational animal. — 3. 
Figuratively, a brutal man. 4. A game at cards, llence 
to beast. 

BEAST, r. t A term at cards. 

liP.AST'INGS. See Biestiwos. 

BkAST'ISII, (z. Like a l>east ; bmtal. 

BkAS'I' I.IKE, a. Like a beast ; brutal. 

BRAi^T'LI-.NESS, n. Brutality; coarseness : \-ulga ity , 
filthiness ; a practice contrary to the rules of nuraani.y. 

BkAST'LY, a. I. Like a beast ; brutal ; coarse ; filthy. 2 
Having the form or nature of a beast. 

t BkAST'LY, adv. In the manner of a beast. 

BE.\T, v. t. pret. beat ; pp. beat, beaten. [Sax. beatan.] 1. 
To strike repeatedly ; to lay on repeated blows. 2. To 
strike an instrument of music ; to play on. 3. To break, 
bruise, comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding. 
4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable sub- 
stance ; or to hammer into any form ; to forge. 5. To 
strike bushes ; to shake by beating, oi to make a noise to 
rouse game. G. To thresh ; to force out com from the 
husk by blows. 7. To break, mix or agitate by beating. 
8. To dash or strike, as water ; to strike or brush, as 
wind. 9. To tread, as a path. 10. To overcome in a bat 
tie, contest or strife ; to vanquish or conquer. 11. To bar 
ass ; to exercise severely ; to overlabor. 

To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down ; to press 
down. Shak. To lower the price ; to depress or crush.— 
To beat back, to compel to retire or return. — To beat into, 
to teach or instill. — To beat up, to attack suddenly ; o 
alarm or disturb. — To brat the wing, to flutter ; to mO' e 
with fluttering agitation.— 7'(» beat off, to repel or d;ive 
back. — To beat the hoof, to walk ; to go on foot. — To "tat 
time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion 
of the hand or Toot. — To beat out, to extend by hammer- 
ing. In popular use, to bf beat out, is to be extremely fa- 

BEAT, r. i. 1. To move with pulsation. 2. To dash with 
force, as a storm, flood, pxssion, &c. 3. To knock at a 
d(Mir. 4. To fluctuate ; lo be in agitation. 

To brat about, to try to find ; to search by various means or 
ways. — To beat upon, to act upon with violence. — To beat 
up for soldiers, is to go about to enlist men into the army. 
— In seamanship, to beat is to make progress against the 
direction of the wind by sailing in a zigzag line or trav- 
erse. — With Aun/cr.v, a stag brats up and doir n, when he 
runs first one way and then another. 

BEAT, 71. I. A stroke ; a striking ; a blow, whether with 
the hand, or with a weapon. 2. A pulsation. 3. The 
rise or fall of the hand or fwit, in regulating the divisions 
of time in music. 4. A transient prare-note in mu.Wf, 
struck immediately before the note it is intended to orna- 

BEAT, ) pp. Struck ; dashed against ; pressed or laid 

Bl~;AT'EN, \ down ; hammered ; pounded ; vnnnuished ; 
made smcxith bv treading ; worn by use ; tmcked. 

BkATER, n. I." One who beats, or strikt-s ; one whose oc- 
cup.ition is to hammer metals. 2. An instrument for 
pounding, or comminuting siilistanres. 

Bi^;AT ER-UP, n. One who beats for game. 

t HE.Vf H, V. t. To bathe. Sprn.^rr. 

BE-.A-TIF'IC, ) a. [I,, beatus and farw.] That has) the 

BE-A-TIFI-CAL, ( powej- to bless or make happy : used 
only of heavenly fruition after death ; as, beatific runon. 

BEA-TIF'I-CAL-LY, adv. In such a manner as to com- 
\-. plete happiness. 

BE-.\T-l-FI-CA'TIO\, n. In the Romish ehurrh, nn art of 
the po|i«,by which he decl.ares a pcrstm beatified or bless 
ed after death. 

BEJ-AT'I-FY, "• '• [^.. bratus nnAfario.] 1. To make ha;> 
py • to bless with the completion of celestial enjoyment. 
2. in the Romish rhurth, to declare, by a decree or public 
net that a person is received into heaven, and is to bo 
reverenced as blessed, though not canonized. 

Bk.\TiI.\<;, ppr. I^nying on blows ; striking ; dashing 

' See Sj/nopsis. MOVE.BQOK, DOVE— BK'LL, U.NITE.— GmK ; a." J ; S aaZ ; CHaaSH; TH asintAw. f OtuolM 





Rnnlniit ; cnnr]ii('rinK ', pounding ; laillng ncjlniit tlin ill ol'll'r wiml, &.c. 

BRAT'I.m;, 11. 'I'lif art (if NtrlkinK or giving lilowii , pun 
tdinii-iit or I'liiiHliHL-nirnt liy lilowN. 

ItK-ATI TIIDI':. n. IL lirutiluJii.\ I IllcmnrinpM ; riljrlty 
of llir lilRhest Kind ; rdnmiitiinntc IiIimh ; unnl »/ Ihr jmin 
of heaven. 2. 'I'lie drcliinitlon of bloitHfilnrM minli! Iiy 
our Snvlor to pnrticiilar vlrtiicn. 

RKAU, ll)0) n. j>lu. IICAifi. [l-'r. heau.] A iiitin of (Irrwi ; ii 
line, guy miin j one whoiio grunt riirt- l« to ilrck IiIh p<-r- 
Hon. In familiar langunae, ii nmn wlin nltc-iiiln n liuly. 

IIKAI'ISII, (liO'ish) u. I.lkeabcnii; foppiili ; Mm;. 

IIKAU-MO.NDK, (li&mond') n. I Kr. /irnii niid m"n(/«.l The 
fashionable world ; (H-opIo of rixlilon niid cnvoty. I'riar. 

riKACTK-ljrS, (liuitiiH) n. Very fair; tlcKiint Inform; 
pleasing to llio BiKJit ; lirautifiil ; very liamUome. It I'X- 
prenses it greater degree of licauty than liaiiiUumc, and is 
cliielly lined In poetry. 

BEAOTK-nCS-I^Y, ndr. Fn a lienuteons manner; In a 
manner plea-iing to the Higlit ; lieaiitifiilly. 

BEAP'J'K ors .\i;s>;, «. 'Jlie state or (luality of being 
benuteoui ; lieauty. 

BKAO'l'l ri KK, II. He or tliat wliirli makes beautiful. 

BEAO'TI-l'I'l., n. I. i;iegant in form; fair; having the 
form that pleases the eye. It expresses more than hand- 
some, ii. Having the qualities which constitute beauty, 
or that whirli pleases the senses other than the sight ; as, 
a beautiful sound. 

nEAO'TI-1'UL-LY, (bu'te-ful-Iy) ado In a beautiful man- 

BEAO TF-KUL-NF.!^, (bO'te fui-nes) n. Elegance of form ; 
beauty ; the quality of being beautiful. 

BE.\0'TI-FY, (bu'te-fl) n. t. [beauty, and L. facio.^ To 
make or render beautiful ; to adorn ; to deck ; to grace ; 
to add beauty to ; to embellish. 

BEAC TI-i'Y, (ba te-fl) f . i. To become beautiful ; to ad- 
vance in beauty. Addison. 

BEAfi TI-FS:-I.\G, n. The act of rendering beautiful. Bp. 

t BEAOTI-LESS, a Without beauty. Hammond 

BEAC'TV, (bii ty) n. [Fr. heauti.] 1. An a-ssemhlage of 
pr&.x's, or an assemblage of properties in the form of the 
peison or any other object, whieh pleases the eye. 2. A 
particular grace, feature or ornament ; any particular 
thing which is beautiful and pleasing. 3. A particular 
excellence, or a part which surpasses in excellence that 
with which it is united. 4. A beautiful person. 5. In 
the arts, symmetry of parts ; harmony ; justness of com- 
position, fi. Joy and gladness. 7.^. Ixi. Order, prosperity, 
peace, holiness. Ezek. xvi. 

t HEAO TY, (bu'ty) v. t. To adorn ; to beautify or embel- 
lish. Shak. 

BEAC TY-*;POT, (bu'te-spot) n. A patch ; a foil ; a spot 
placed on the face to heighten beauty. 

REAC TY-\VaN-IXG, a. Declining in beauty. Shak. 

lit: A \ER, H. [Sax. if/or.] 1. An amphibious quadruped, 
of the genus castor, valuable for its fur, and remarkable 
for its ingenuity in constructing its lodges or habitations. 
2. The fur of the beaver, and a hat made of the lur ; also, 
a part of a helmet that covers the face. 

Hi:A VEIIEI), a. Covered with or wearing a beaver. 

tRE-liLEEI), f. ^ To make bloody. Chaucer. 

t BE^lll'"(V)o'V i ^- '■■ '^° "^^^^ bloody. Sheldon. 
+ BE BLOT, e.'f. To blot; to stain. Chaucer. 
BE-BIAMM5KRED, a. Foul or swelled with weeping. 
BEC-A-BL'.N OA, n. Brooklime speedwell ; veronica beca- 

bunsa : a plant. 
BEC-A-Ft'CO, n. A fig-pecker ; a bird like a nightingale, 

which feeds on figs. 
BE-t'^I M', (be-cim ) r. I. 1. To still ; to make quiet ; to 

appease ; to stop, or repress motion in a body. 2. To in- 
tercept the current of wind, so as to prevent motion. 
BE-CALM ED, (be-cimd ) pp. 1. auieted ; appeased. 2. 

a. Hindered from motion or progress by a calm. 
BE-C* LM'l.NG, (be-c'im ing) ppr. Appeasing; keeping 

fron Tiotion or progress. 
BE-CAI.M ING, (be-c'4m ing) n. A calm at sea. 
lU'rAME', pret. ot become. SfC Become. 
BE-CA('?E', [Sax. be. for by, and fau-NV.] By cause, or 

by the cause j on this account ; fi)r the cause which 

is explained m the next proposition ; for the reason 

next explained. 
BE^^^'IIMOr, V. t. To charm ; to captivate. 
BE-ni.WCE , V. i. To befall ; to happen to. Shak. 
BECHlt% n. [Gr. /?/;YJ»ca.j A medicine for relieving coughs, 

synonymous with pectoral. 
* BECK, n. [Pax. hcc.} A small brook. Grati. 
BECK, n. r^ax ftcirn.] A nod of the head "; a significant 

nod, intended to be understood by some person, especially 

as a sign of command. 
BECK, r. i. To nod or mrke a sign with the head. 
BECK, r. t. To call by a nod ; to intimate a command to ; 

to notii'y by a motion of the head. 

BI'.<'KI'.n| pp. Called or notified by a nod 

lli:( K E'l , n. A thing tued In NhipN to confine loose ropes, 
MirkleH or upani. 

Ili;( 'K'l.Ntj, /i;ir. Nodding •ignlficantly ; directing by n no4 

IIi:<'K ON, (lnK'knj r. 1. (Ve l!r< K.J '/fi make a ^ign v« 
nnollier, by nodding, winking, or a motion of tlic hand <4 
finger, tcc. 

BECKriN, (bek'kn) v.t To make ti ilgnlficant nign to 

Itl-.CKO.N' n. A Rlgn without wordH. hulinjrbruke. 

BECK'O.NEI), pp. Having a »lgii made to. 

Ili;rK'f).\-I.NG, ppr. iMaking a lignificnnl Rlgn, aa a hint 

JBErlJI", r.t. [fiix. herhjppan.j To embrace. 

BE <I,OI 'D', V. t. To cloud ; to obncurc ; to dim. 

BlvCu.ME', (be-ciim } r. i. \iTttl. became, pp. become. [Pax. 
becuman ; I), brknnmen ; (i. Iirkommen.] I. 'i'o pIiM front 
one state to another ; to enter into Home stale or condi- 
tion. 2. 7'u Afi-omc f/, usually with lehat preceding; to 
be the fate of; to lie the end of. 

BE floMi;-, r. t. In i;nirral, to suit or be fuiitablc to ; to be 
congruous to ; to befit ; to accord with, in character oi 
cirrumstances ; to be worthy of, decent or proper. 

BE-€(').M I.NG, ppr., but used rarely or never except as on 
adjeclire. Fit ; Ruit;ible ; congruous ; proper ; graceful , 
belonging to the character, or adapted to circumstances. 

tBE CoM'ING, n. Ornament. Shak. 

BE CoM'INGLY, adv. After a becoming or proper man- 

BE-C6M'FNG-NEi>.'', n. Fitness ; cnngniity ; propriety ; 
decencv ; gracefulness arising from fitness. 

BE-CKir''I'LE, V. t. To make lame : to cripple. [L. v.] 

tBE-eCRL', r.t. To curl. 

BED, n. fSax. 6f</.] 1. A place or an article of furniture to 
sleep and take rest on. 2. Lodging ; a convenient place 
for sleep. ;t. Marriage ; matrimonial connection. 4. A 
plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little 
raised above the adjoining ground. 5. The channel of a 
river, or that part in which the water usually tlows. 6. 
Any hollow place, especially in the arts ; a hollow place, 
in which any thing rests. 7. A layer ; a stratum ; an 
extended mass of any thing, whether upon the earth or 
within it. — To make a bed, is to put it in order. — To bnvg 
to bed, to deliver of a child, is rarely used ; but, in the 
passive form, to be brought to bed, that is, to be delivered 
of a child, is common. — Tu put to bed, in midwifery, is la 
deliver of a child. — From bed and board. In lau-, a separa- 
tion of man and wife, without dissolving the bands of 
matrimony, is called a separation from bed and board, a 
mensa et thoro. 

BED, r.t. I. To place in a bed. Bacon. 2. To go to bed 
with, [('/ii/^-wa/.] Shak. 3. To make partaker of the bed. 
Bacon. 4. To plant and inclose or cover ; to set or lay 
and inclose. 5. To lay in any hollow place, surrounded or 
inclosed, fi. To lay in a place of rest or security, cover- 
ed, surrounded or inclosed. 7. To lay in a stratum ; to 
stratify ; to lay in order, or flat. 

BED, !•. i. To cohabit ; to use the same bed. 

BE-HAB BLE, r, t. To wet ; to sprinkle. Shak. 

BEDABBLED, pp. Wet; sprinkled. 

BE-DAB BEING, ppr. Wetting ; sprinkling. 

tBE-DAFF', r. f. To make a fool of. Chaucer. 

BE-DAGGLE, r. f. To soil^ as clothes, by drawing the 
ends in the mud, or spattering them with dirty water. 

BE-DAG C.LEl), pp. Soiled by reaching Uie mild in walk- 
ing ; bespattering. 

fBE-D.ARE, r.t. To dare ; to defy. Pecle. 

t BBi-DXRK', r. t. To darken. Goicer. 

tBE-DSRKEN, r.t. To obscure ; to darken. 

BE-DASH', r. t. To wet, by throwing water or other liquor 
upon ; to bespatter with water or mud. 

BE-DASII'ED, (be-dashf) pp. Bespattered with water or 
other liquid. 

BE-D.\?II ING, ppr. Bespattering; dashing water upon, or 
other liquid. 

BE-D.\l'B , r. t. To daub over ; to besmear with viscous 
slimv matter ; to soil wiili anv thing thick and dirtv. 

BF^DACBED, (be daubd ) pp. 'Daubed over ; besmeared 

BE-DACB ing, ppr. Daubine over ; besmearing. 

BE-D.\Z ZLE, r. r. To confound tiie sight by too strong a 
light ; to make dim by lustre. 

BE-n.\'/. 7.I.ED, pp. Having the sight confounded by too 
stroiis a liglit. 

BE-D.\7. '/LING, ppr. Confounding or making dim by a too 
brilliant lustre ■ 

BEDCHAMBER, n. An apartment or chamber for a bed 
or fi>r sleep and repose. 

BED-CLoTHE?, n. plu. Blankets or coverlets, tc, fcr 
beds. See Clothes. 

BED DED, pp. Laid in a bed ; incloiied as in a bed. 

BEDDER, or BE^-DETTER, n. The nether stone of an 
oil mill. Todd. 

BED DING, ppr. Laying in a bed ; inclosing as in a bed 

BED DING, n. A bed and its furniture ; a bed ; the mate- 
rials of a bed, whether for man or beast. 

BE-DEAD', r. t. To deaden. HallytrcU. 

• Set S%nopsis i, E, 1, 0, t, f, long FAR, FALL, WHAT ;— VRgy ;— HN, JLVRtXE, BIRD ;— t Obsolete- 



BR-l)BCK' V. t. To deck ; to adcrn ; to grace. Shak. 

UE-Uli^C'K El), (be-dekt ) pp. Adorned ; oriiainented. 

BK-IJIX'K'ING, ppr. Adorning ; decking. 

t BkDE liOUSli, n. fVr/ier/y, a hosi)ital or ainis-liouse. 

HK'DEij, n. An officer in the universities of England. [A 
peculiar ortliography of beadle.] 

BE'lJEL-RV, n. The extent of a bedel's office. Blount. 

BE-DEVV, V. t. To moisten, as with dew ; to moisten in a 
eenlle manner witli any liquid. 

BK-l)EW'El), (be-dewd) ;;/;. Moistened, as if witli dew ; 
gently moistened. 

BE-I)EVV'EK, n. That which bedews. Sherwood. 

BE-UEWIJNG, ppr. Moistening gently, as with dew ; wet- 

BE-UEWy, a. Moist with dew. [Little used.] 

BED EEL-EoVV, n. One who lies in the same bed. Shak. 

BED'IIA.VG-INGS, n. Curtains. Shak. 

BE-DTGIIT', (be-dite') v. t. To adorn ; to dress ; to set off 
with ornaments. [Little v^ed.] 

BK-DIGirPEI), pp. Adorned ; set off with ornaments. 

BE-DKJIITING, ppr. Adorning. 

BEDIM', V. t. To make dim ; to obscure or darken. 

BE-DIM'MED, (be-dund) pp Made dim ; obscured. 

BE-DI.M'MING, ppr Making dim ; obscuring; darkening. 

t BlvOlS'MAL, V. t. To make dismal. Student. 

BE-Dl/.'EN, (be-diz'zn) v. I. To adorn ; to deck ;o lowieard. 

BIO-DI'/'ENEl), pp. Bedecked; adorned. 

BE-I1IZ'EN-U\G, ppr. Adorning. 

BEU'LA.M, 71. [corrupted from Bethlehem, the narao of a 
religious house in London, afterward converted into a 
hospital for lunatics.] 1. \ mad-liouse ; a place appropri- 
ated for lunatics. 2. A madman ; a lunatic ; one who 
lives in Bedlam. 3. A place of uproar. 

BEIJ'[jAM,a. Belonging to a madhouse. Shak. 

BED'LAM-ITE, 71. An inhabitant of a mad-house ; a mad- 

BED .M.A-KER, n. One whose occupation is to make beds, 
a-s in a college or university. 

BED'.MATE, 71. A bed-fellow. Shak. 

BED'-MoLD-ING, n. In arehitecturc, the members of a 
cornice, which are placed below the coronet. 

fBE-DoTE', I', t. To make to dote. Chaucer. 

BED'PdST, 71. The post of a bedstead. 

BED I'RES-SER, ;i. A lazy fellow ; one wlio loves his bed. 

BE-DRAG'GLE, v. t. To soil, as garments which are suf- 
fered, in walking, to reach the dirt. 

BIM)RAG'GLEU, pp Soiled by reaching the dirt in walk- 

BE-DRAG'GLING, ppr. Soiling by drawing along in dirt or 

SE-DKEXCII , v.t To drench ; to soak ; to saturate with 
MiiiistiirP. Sttak, 

BK-IiR1;N('II ED, (be-drenchf) pp. Drenched; soaked. 

BE-l)KEi\(JlI IiN<;, j»;/r. Soaking; drenching. 

BEDRID, )a. Confined to the bed by age or infirm- 

BED'RID-DEN, ity. Shak. 

BED KITE, 71. The privilege of the marriage bed. 

BEDROOM, II. I. A room or apartment intended or used for 
a bed ; a lodging room. 2. Room in a bed. [JVut in use.] 

BlvDROP', r. t. To sprinkle, as with drops. 

BE DltOI'TEI), (be dropt ) pp. Sprinkled as with drops; 
speckled ; varitgated with spots. 

BEDSIDE. 71. The side of the bed. Middleton. 

15EDST.\1'F, 71. A wooden pin anciently inserted on the 
sides of hedeteads, to keep the clothes from slipping on 
either side. 

B1U)STI',AD, (bed'stfd) it. A frame for supporting a bed. 

BED STRAW, n. Straw laid under a bed to make it soft; 
also, the nan«! of a pl.Tnt. 

BED'SVVERV-EI{, ri. One that swer\'es from his bed ; that 
is, one who is unfaithful to the marriage vow. Shak. 

BEIl'TTME, 71. The time to go to rest ; the usual hour of 
going to bed. Shak. 

BE-DI'CK', v. t. To duck ; to put the head underwater; 
to immerse. Spenxrr. 

f BE-DUi\G', V. t. To manure with dung. Bp. Hall. 

f Bi''.-DI'SK', v.t. 'J"n smutch. Cntirravr. 

liEDI'ST', V. t. To sprinkU:, soil, or cover with dust. 

r.KDVVARD, adi^. 'J'oward lied. Sluik. 

BE-DW'ARE', v.t. To make little; to stunt, or hinder 

growth. Donne. 
RKDWORK, 71. Work done in Ixd, without toil of the 

hands, or with ease. Shak. 
P.EDVE', (be-dl') v.t. To dye ; to stain. Spenser. 
BK-DY'ED, (be-dlde') pp. l>yed ; stained. 
BEE, 71. [Sax. ben ; D. hye.] -An insect of tho gcnn» api.^. 
The species are numerous, of which the lioney-boe is the 
most interesting to man. 
BEE-BREAD, 71. The pollen of flowers collected by bees, 

aa food for their young. 
BEE'-i?.AT-ER, 71. .\ bird that feeds on bees. 
BEE/-FLOW-ER, 71. A plant; a species of o/iAry*. 

BEE'-GAR-DEN, 71. A garden, or inVosrirc to Bet be* 
hives in. 

BEE'-GEL'E, 71. A soft, unctuous matter, witli which bee* 
cement the combs to tlie hives, and clotse up the utMit \ 
called also prvpulu. 

BEE'-HIVE, 71. A case, box, or othei hollow vessel, which 
serves as a habitation for bees. 

BEE -.MAS-TER, 71. One who keeps bees. 

BEEtMl, 71. [Sax. bece, buc.] A tree arranged by Linne un- 
der tlie genus yu^rits. 

BEECH -CO.VE, 71. Charcoal from beech wood. 

l!EE('ll'i;.\, (beechn) a. Consisting of the wood or bark 
of the beech ; belonging to the beech. 

BEEt^lI'MAS'J', 71. '1 he fruit or nuu of the beech. 

BEECH-OlE, ;i. Oil expressed from the mast or nutaof llie 

BEECH-TREE, 71. The beech. 

BEEE, 71. [Er. beeuf, bcuf.] I. .\n animal of ttie barint 
genus, whether ox, bull, or cow. In this, which in iht 
original sense, the word has a plural, beerta. 2. Tlit 
llesh of an ox, bull, or cow, when killed. 

BEEF. a. Consisting of the flesh of the ox, or borine kind. 
BEEK'-kAT-ER, 71. I . One that eau beef. 2. .A yeoman 

of the guards, in England, 'i.'l'he buphaira^^an Afiicun bird 

BEEE'-STEaK, 71. A steak or slice of beet for broiling. 

BEEE'-WIT-TED, a. Dull in intellects ; stupid ; heavy- 
headed. Shak. 

t BEEEU, 71. [Sax. behlydan.] Protection ; refuge. Fairfaz 

I!EE MOL, 71. In 7;iuj-u:, a half note. Bacon. 

BEEN, (bin) [Sax beon.] Part. perf. of ic. J n old authors 
it is also the present tense plural of he. 

BEE.V, 71. A fretted stringed instrument of music, having 
nineteen frets ; used in India. 

BEER, 71. [W. tir ; Vt.bicre.] I. A spirituous liquor mado 
from any farinaceous grain ; but generally from barley, 
with tlie addition of ho|)S. 2. Beir is a iiaine given in 
America to fermenting liquors made of various other ma- 

BEER'-BAR-REL, 71. A barrel for holding beer. 

BEER'-IIOUSE, 71. A house where malt liquors are seld j 
an ale-house. 

BEEST INGS. .See Biestings. 

BEET, 71. [D. Met ; Ger. beete.] A plant of the genus hrta. 

BEETLE, 71. [Sax. bitl or bijll, a mallet ; btlct, the insect, 
beetle.] 1. A heavy mallet or wooden hammer, used to 
drive wedges, &.c. — 2. In zoulo/ry, a genus of insects, the 
scaraba^us, of many siiecies. 

BEE'TLE, V. i. To jut ; to be prominent ; to hang or ex- 
tend out. 

BEE'TLE-BROW, 71. A prominent brow. 

BEE'TLE-BROWED, a. Having prominent brows. 

BEETLE-HEAD, n. A .stupid fellow. .Sf»^ 

BEE'TLE-HE/a)ED, a. Having a head like a beetle ; dull , 
sliipid. Shak. 

P.EIvTLE-STOCK, 71. The handle of a beetle. 

BKi; TLhNG, ppr. Jutting ; being prominent. 

BEET-RAVE, or BEET-RAD-ISH, 71. A kind of beet, 
used for salad. 

BEEVES, 71. plu. of iff/. Cattle : quadrupeds of the borint 
genus, called, in England, black rattle. 

BEFALL', V. t. pret. befell ; pjirt. befallen. rSn.x. heftrj- 
Ian'.] To happen to ; to occur to. It usually uenoles ill. 

BE-FALL', 7'. t. To happen ; to come to 

BE-FALL'ING, ppr. Happening to ; occurring to; coming 
to pass. 

BE-FELL', pret. otbrfall. 

BE-FIT'. V. I. To suit ; to l>e suitable to ; to liecome. 

BE-FIT'TING, ppr. or a. Suiting; becoming. 

BE-FoAM', v.t. To cover with ti>nm. [I.illlr v.'rd.] 

BEFOOL', 7'. f. To fool ; to infatiialr ; to delude. 

BF.-FOOL'ED, (be-foold) pp. Fooled ; deceived ; led Into 

BE-FOOI.'fNG, ppr. Fooling ; making a fool of ; deceiving ; 

BE-FoRE', prep. [Sax. before, or befn-np.] 1. Jn front ; on 
the side with the face, at any distance ; used of |)«'nioli.«. 
2. In presence of, with the idea of power, aulhorily, ii>- 
spect. ;t. In sight of; as, brfrrr llie fare. ^. In Iho 
presence of, noting cognizance or jiiri?diclion. S. In Uio 
power of, noting the right or abilily In rlioow or |Mimie«.i ; 
free to the choice, li. Ih front of any objert. 7. Pr» red- 
ing in lime. 8. In prefen'urelo. '.I Superior ; pieo diiig 
indignity. 10. Prior to ; having nrior right ; preceding in 
order. II. Previous to; in prrvions order; 'ii ordir lo. 
12. Before the in in/, is to move in the direction of the 
wind by its Impulse. 

BE-FoRE', (i(/i'. I. In time preceding. 2. fii time preced- 
ing, to the prefent, or lo this t'me ; hitherto. :t. Further 
onward in pla .-e, in progress, or In ttvnt. 4. In front ; on 
the fore part. 

BE FollEILV (0, (irfr. I. In a stMe of nntiripntion or 
prcorciip:<ti' 11 ; often followed by inth. 2. AnlrredenV- 
ly ; by waj of preparation or preliminary ; .iforelimc. 3. 
In a state of acriiinulalinn, so as that more lias been 

• See Synopsis. MOVE, BOOK, DOVE ;— BIJLL, UNITE — C aa K ; C M J ; S as Z ; ClI as SIl ; TH as in this, f Obsolete 





rrcrivi-d than expunilvil. -1. At flrnt ; bcrure any tiling la 
f UK K(")K i; -Tl M K, ailn. Komierly j of did time. 
ilK-l''l)|{ 'I'U.NK, I'. I. 'I'o linp|H!n to ; tii hi-tldn. 
IIK-l''tini,, I', t. [Siix. hrJylunA 'I'd make I'dill ; to noil. 
Ui: KIMliM), (lie IV'nd') r. t. To favor ; to net u a friend 

to ; li> coiinlununM, nid, or brnclit. 
UK KltlKM) Kl), ;>;i. Knvon'd -, counttTiiiKCed. 

lllvKKII'^M' IN(i| pyr- Favoring) luiiuling as a friend; 

Hhnwliii! kindneaa to. 
niM'KI.NCK , (be-frlnj ; v. I. To furnlah with n fringe ; to 
ndorii i\n with OIntn. 

rii: I'KI.Vt; i;i), ^KJ-frinJd') pp. Adorned nn with a fVinge. 

I!i;.i, or lltV, n. ftlic 'I'urlui write lliiH word ir^A, or 4fA-, 
liiit pronounce it bry (ba.)] In the /'urAusA duminwiui, a 
governor of n town or country ; more p:irticulurly, the 
lord of ft §angiuc or haiiner. — In 7'uni.i, the brfr, or bey, id 
the prince or king, anawerinR to the dey of Algierv. 

Ul'M, r. t. 1. 'I'o iwk earncHtly ; to iH-secch ; to entrent or 
supplicate with humility, i!. 1 o auk or Biipplicale in char- 
ity. :i. To take for granted ; to assume without proof. 

BK(i, V. i. To aNk alniM or charity ; to practice begging ; to 
live by a.iking aimn. 

Bli-<;ii'r', r. f. ptfl. bf got, besat ; pp. begot, begotten. [Pax. 
btgelan.] I. To procreate, n*! a father or sire ; to generate. 
2. To produce, as an ellect ; to cause to exist ; to gen- 

BK-(;i:T'TKK, «. one who begets or procreates ; a fullier. 

}iK(;'<:A-ltLi;, a. That may be begged. ButUr. 

BEU'(;.\ll, n. i. One that lives by asking alms, or makes 
it his bu.iine!<3 to beg for charity. 2. One who supplicates 
with humility ; a petitioner. 3. One who assumes in ar- 
gument what he does not prove. 

BEG'tJAR, r.t. 1. To reduce to bepgary ; to impoverish. 
a. 'I'o deprive or make destitute ; to exhaust. 

BEG'G.\KK\>, pp. Reduced to extreme poverty. 

D :;'"'5AK-li\G, ppr. Reducing to indigence or a state of 

BE(; G AR-LI-XESS, n. The state of being beggarly ; mean- 
ness ; extreme poverty. Barret. 

BE(J 0.\R-LV', a. Mean; poor; in the condition of a beg- 
gar • extremely indigent. Shak. 

PK(J'(IAR-Ly, «(/b. Meanly; indigently; despicably. 

BEGGAR MAID, n. A maid that is a beggar. Shak. 

BEG G.\R-.MAN, n. A man that is a beggar. Shak. 

BEG GAR-WOM-AX, n. A female beggar. Shak. 

BEG'GAR-Y, n. A state of extreme indigence. 

BEGGED, pp. Entreated ; suppliiated ; asked in charity. 

BEG'GING, ppr. Asking alms; supplicating; assuming 
without proof. 

BEG GI.N'G, n. The act of soliciting alms ; tlie practice of 
asking alms. 

BE-GI1.1lRDS', or BE-GU.>i.RDS', n. A religious order of St. 

BE-GILT', a. Gilded. B. Jonson. 

BE-GIN', V. 1. pret. began ; pp. begun. [Sax. gijnnan, agin- 
nan,tindbeginnaH.] 1. To liavc an original or first exist- 
ence ; to take rise ; to commence. 2. To do the first 
act ; to enter upon something new ; to take the first step. 

B£-GIN'', V. t. 1. To do the first act of any thing ; to enter 
on ; to commence. 2. To trace from any thing, as the 
first ground ; to lay the foundation. 

* BEl-GIN', n. For ftf "Tnininn-. Spenser. 
BE-GIN'iNER, n. 1. The person who begins. 2 One who 

first enters upon any art, science, or business ; one who 
is in his rudiments ; a young practitioner. 

BE-GIN \I.\G, ppr. First entering upon; commencing; 
giving rise or original ; taking rise or origin. 

BE-GLV\1NG, n. 1. The first cause; origin. 2. That 
which is first ; the first state ; commencement ; entrance 
into being. 3. The rudinieiiL-!, first ground, or materials. 

t BE-GIN'N1NG-LES.S, a. That hath no beginning. 

BE-GIRD , V. t. pret. begirt, begirJed ; pp. begirt. [Pax. be- 
gyrddn.] 1. To bind with a band or girdle. 2. To sur- 
round ; to inclose ; to 3. To besiege. — To 
beirir' , used by B. Jonson, is a corrupt orthography. 

BE-Gi*^ D ED, or BE-GiRT', pp. Bound with a girdle ; sur- 
rounoed ; inclosed ; besieged. 

BE-GlIU) ING, ppr. Binding with a girdle; surrounding; 

BEG LEK-IIEG, ji. [SfeBEo.] The governor of a province 
in the Turkish emp're, next in dignity to the grand vizier. 
His province is called beglerbeglik. 

tBE-C;LOOM', r.t. To cast a gloom over; to darken. 

BE-G.\A\V', (be-naw ) v. t. [Sax. begnagati.] To bite or 
gnaw ; to eat away ; to corrode ; to nibble. 

* BR-GOD', r. t. To deify ; to treat as a god. .More. 
BE-GONE'. {pron. nearly, be-gawn') Go awav ; depart. 

These two words have' been improperly united. Be re- 
tains the sense of a verb, and gone that of a participle. 
BE-G6R'ED, a. Besmeared with gore. 

BE-GOT'^EN, ! ^P' °^e"^- Procreated ; generated. 

t UK (•RXW'.i, V. t. 1. To dc|)oait in the grave ; U> bury. 
y. To eiigruvr. Ooubt. 

\\V. Gitl'.A!*!^', c. (. 'I'o auil ur daub with gr<-:ute, or otlM 
iiily iiialter. 

BK<>KI.M1''', t). (. ToHoil with dirt dcrp liiiurouied, M that 
the natural line cniiiiul enjiily be rerovercd. >,Uak. 

IIK-<;K1.M'KI>, (be Brliiid'; pp. lieeply »<,il.d. 

BI-GKi;i)GK'. (bcgrudj'y c. f. 'Jo grudge; to euvy lli« 
ixxM-iuilon of. 

BE-<;i;iEK', (be glle'; b. t. 1. To delude ; to deceive ; lo 
im|HiHe (in by artifice or craft. 2. To elude by craR. 3 
'J°o elude any thing dliuigrceable by amunemeiit, or other 
nieaim ; to |kim pleamngly ; to amUM:. 

BE (;i'll,'Kli, iIm- gild'; pp. IVIuded ; imp<M'd on ; ininleil 
by craft ; eluded by Htrutaeeiii ; p.-ixitvd plcaningly. 

B1U;IJI1/KK, (be gllcr/ ;i. He or that wlucli beguilea of 

BE (fUIE'i.NG, ppr. I>cluding ; deceiving by crafl ; eluding 
by artifice ; amusing. 

BEGUILT'Y, (be-gilte) p. t To render guilty. [j« iar6<i- 
Tn\u< word.] Sanderifon. 

KE'GIJIN, n. One of a congregation of nuns in Ktanden. 

IlK-(; UN' pp. of ftcifin. ('omiiienced ; originated. 

BE-HALF', (bc-hlP) 7«. [."^ax. brhefe.] I. l^vor ; adv.uiUge ; 
convenience; jirofit ; supiMjrt ; defense; vindication. 2. 
I'art, side ; noting substitution, or tiie act of taking tlia 
part of another. 

BE IIAl'TKN, V. i. To happen to. Spenter. 

BE-I1aVE', f . t. j^G. gehaben.] I. 'J'o restrain ; to govern ; 
to subdue. This sense is obsolete. 2. To carry ; to cm- 
duct ; used with the reciprocal pronoun ; as, he behaves 
Aim«e// manfully. 

BE-HAV'E', v. i. To act ; to conduct ; generally applied to 
manners, or to conduct in any particular busuieu ; and in 
a good or bad sense. He behaves well or ill. 

BE-IIAVEI), (be havd') pp. Conducted. 

BE-HAV'ING, ppr. Carrying; conducing. 

BE-HAV'IOR. (be-h5v'yur) h. Manner of behaving, whether 
good or bad; conduct; manners; carriage of one's self, 
with respect to propriety, or morals ; deportment. — To be 
vpon one's behavior, is to be in a state of trial, in which 
something important depends on propriety of conduct. 
'J'he modern phrase is, to be, or to be put, upon one's good 

BEHEAD', (belied') r.t. To cut off the head ; to sever 
the head from the body with a cutting instrument. 

BE-HEAD'ED, (be hed'ed) pp. Having the head cut off. 

BE-HEAD'ING, (be-hed'ing) ppr. Severing the head from 
the body. 

BE-HEAU'I.\G, (be hed'ing) n. The act of separating the 
liead from the body by a cutting instrument ; decollation. 

BKHlvLI)', prf(. and pp. of behold, which see. 

t BE-HEL', r. t. To torture as with the pains of hell. Iletryt. 

Be'HE-.MOTH, 71. [Heb. m-nj.] .\uthors are divided in 
opinion as to the animal intended in Scripture by this 
name ; some supposing it to be an ox, others an elephant ; 
and Bochart labors to prove it the hippopotamus, or river 
horse. The latter opinion is the most probable. 

Be'HEN, BE.\',or BEK'E.N, ;i. A plant. The teA«n of lh« 
shops, or irhite hcben, is spatling poppy. Red behen is 
sea lavender. 

BE-HEST', n. [if, and Sax. hirse.] Command; prece|rt , 
mandate. [Anttgvated, except in poetrv.] 

fBE-HlGHT', (be-hlte') r.t. pret. behit. [Sax. itAftan.] 
To promise ; to intrust ; to call, or nane ; to command ; 
to adjudge ; to address ; to inform ; to mean ; to reckon. 

BEHIND', prep. [Sax. ifAindan.] 1. At the back of anotli- 
er. 2. On the back part, at any distance ; in the rear. 
3. Remaining ; \e(t aitex the departure of another, whether 
by removing to a distance, or by death. 4. Lett at a dis- 
tance, in progress or improvement. 5. Inferior to another 
in dignity and excellence. 0. On the side opposite the 
front or nearest part, or opposite to that which fronts a 
person ; on the other side. Behind the back, in Scripture, 
signifies, out of notice, or regard ; overlooked ; disre- 

BE-HI.ND', odr. 1 . Out of sight ; not produced, or exhibited 
to view ; remaining. 2. Backwards ; on the back part. 
3. Pa.<t in the progress of time. 4. Future, or remaining 
to be endured, o. Remaining after a payment; unpaid. 
6. Remaining after the departure of. 

BE>-HINI)'1IANI), a. In arrear ; in an exhausted state ; in 
a state in which rent or profit has been anticipated, and 
expenditures precede the receipt of funds to supply them 
In pofular use, a state of fKjverty. 

BE-HoLD', r. t. pret. and pp. beheld. [Sax. hehealdan, 6e- 
heoldan.] 1. To fix the eyes upon ; to see witn attention 
to observe with care. 2. To look upon -, to see. 

BE-HoLD', V. i. 1. To look ; to direct the eyes to an ob- 
ject. 2. To fix the attention upon an object ; to attend , 
to direct or fix the mind. 

BE-IloLlVEN, (be-boi'dn) pp. or a. Obliged ; bound ia 
gratitude ; indebted. 

• See Synopsis i, E, I, O, 0, t, long FAR, FALL, WHAT;— PREY ;— riN, MARINE, BIRD ;— f ObsvltU 




BE-IIuLI>ER, n. One who beholds ; a spectator ; one who 
luuks upon, or sees. 

BlMlc)LL''I-\G, /////•. 1. Fixing the eyes upon ; looking on; 
seeing. 2. Fixing the attention ; regarding with atten- 
tion. 3. Obliged. A mistaken use of the word for be- 
holden. — 1. n. Obligation. [jVut u^ed.] Careic. 

t UE-HoLD'ING-NKtjS, n. The state of being obliged. 

BK-lloN'EV, v.t. To sweeten with honey. Wierwuud. 

IIH-IIUOF', n. [SvLX. bckvjiaa.] 1. Aeed, necessity. 2. 
\\\ present usatre, that wliich is advantageous ; advantage ; 
profit ; benefit. 

ni:-IIO0V ABLE, a. Needful; profitable. 

BE-HOOVE', (be-hoov ) L'. t. [Sax bctiujian.] Tobe necessa- 
ry for ; to be lit for ; to be meet for, with resjiect to necessi- 
ty, duty, or convenience. It ni;iy, perhaps, be sometimes 
used intransitively ; as, let him behave as it bchoovcth. 

BE-HOOVE'FUL, ^be-hoov'ful) a. heedful ; useful ; profit- 
able ; advantageous. 

tUE-llUOVE'FUL-LV, (be-hoov'ful-ly) ado. Usefully; 

t BE-UOoVE'LY, a. Profitable. Gower. 

I liE-HOT', prct. ofbehight. 

BE-IIftVE', (be-hoov') and Its derivatives. See Behoove. 

t IJE-HOVVL', V. i. To howl at. Skak. 

BK'hVG, ;;/»•. [See Be.] Existing in a certain state. 

BlC'lNO, n. 1. Existence ; a particular state or condition. 
2. A person existing. 3. An immaterial, intelligent ex- 
isU'nce, or spirit. -1. An animal ; any living creature. 

t Bl'?l.N<!-PLACE, n. An existence. Speiuscr. 

BE IT i^O. \ phrase of anticipation, suppvue it be so ; or of 
permission, let it be su. S/iak. 

t BE-JaDE', v.t. To tire. Milton. 

t BE-JAPE', V. t. To laugh at ; to deceive. Chaucer. 

\ BE-K1.SS', V. t. To kiss or salute. Junsun. 

\ UV.-K'Sa.WJ, v. t. To call knave. Pope. 

fBE-K.\oVV', (be-no'). ». t. To acknowledge. Chaucer. 

BE-LA'BOR, V. t. To beat soundly ; to thump. Dryden. 

BE-LACE', v.t. 1. To fasten, as with a lace or cord. 2. 
To beat ; to whip. 

BE-LA'CED, a. Adorned with lace. Beaumont. 

I BE-LAM , c. t. To beat ; to bang. 

«• BEL'A-MoL'll, n. [Vr. bel-aiHour.\ A gallant ; a consort. 

f BEL'A-MY, n. [Fr. iel-a'at.] A good friend ; an intimate. 

t BE-LATE , V. t. To retard or make too late. 

BE-LaT'ED, a. I. Benighted ; abroad late at night. 2. 
Too late for the liour appointed or intended ; later than 
the proper time. 

BE LaT'ED-XESS, n. A being too late. Milton. 

t BE-LaVE', I', t. To wash. 

t BE-LAW'GIVE, v. t. To give a law to. Milton. 

BE-L.^ V', V. t. 1. To block up, or obstruct. 2. To place 
in ambush. 3. To adorn, surround, or cover. 4. In sea- 
manship, to fasten, or make fast, by winding a rope round 
a cleat, kevil, or I elaying-pin. 

BE-LaV'ED, (be-lade') pp. Obstructed ; ambushed ; made 

BE-LAY'I\G, ppr. Blocking up ; laying an ambush ; mak- 
ing fast. 

BELCH, v.t. [.^ax. bealcan.] 1. To throw or eject wind 
from the stomach with violexice. 2. To eject violently 
from a deep, hollow place. 

BELCH, V. i. [Sax. bealcan.] 1 To eject wind from the 
stomach. 2. To issue out, as by eructation. 

BEL'.'ll, n. 1. The act of throwing out from the stomach, 
or from a hollow place ; eructation. 2. A cant name for 
malt liquor. 

BELCHED, (bclcht) pp. Ejected from the stomach, or 
from a linlldW place. 

BI;L( II'IM;, ppr. Ejecting from the stomach, or any deep, 
hollow iilace. 

BEL(II'I.\<;, H. Eructation. Barret. 

BEL'DA.M, n. [Fr. 4f //r, and rfamc. It seems to be used in 
contempt, or as a cant term.] L An old woman. Shah. 
2. A hag. Drijdin. 

BE-LkAUUER, (beluger) v.t. [Ger. brlagern.] To be- 
siege ; to block up ; to surround with an army, so as to 
prrrludi' esrape. 

BE-LkA'i ; I ' i;i{ ED, pp. Besieged. 

BE Li: A (JII'.R-ER, ;i. One who bcsiccea. 

BE-LkA OIJER-IXG, ppr. Besieging ; blocking up. 

t BE-LkAVE', D. (. To leave. May. 

t BK-LEE'. V. t. To place on the lee. Shak. 

BE-LEM'NITE, 71. {Gr. 0c\epiov.] Arrowhead, or finger- 
stone ; vulgarly called thundtr-hult, or thunder-stone. 

t BE-liEl"i;R, ji. t. To infect with leprosy. 

BI;L'FL0\V-ER, n. A plant. 

BEL FOUiND-ER, n. He who founds oi caslJJ bells Bacon. 

Bl'.L'FRY, 71 [Fr. brfroij.] 1. Aliuuig militani irrilers of 
the middle aire, a tower erected by besieger* to over- 
look the place besieged, in which sentinels were placed. 
2. That part of a steeple, or other building, in which a 
bell is hung. 

t BEL-GXRD', 71. [Fr. bel and e^ard.] A soft look or glance 
BEL OI-AX, a. Belonging to Belgica. 
BELHjI-AiV, n. A native of Belgica, or the Low Countries. 
BEL'ijlC, a. [L. Belguus.] Pertaining to the Belga, or to 
the Netherlands. 

Be LI-.\L, 71. [Heb. Sjj^Sa] jia a noun, unprofitableness , 
wickedness, .ds an adjcclice, worthless ; wicked. In a 
collective sense, wicked men. Parkhurst. 

t BE-Ia BEL, V. t. To libel or traduce. Fuller. 

BE-LTE', (be-ir) ». t. [6<: and /le. Hax. bilecgan.] ]. To 
give the lie to ; to show to be false ; to charge with falie- 
ii(K)d. 2. To counterfeit ; toinlniick ; tofeigu resemblance 
3. To give a false representation. 4. To tell lie- concern- 
ing ; to calumniate by faUe rejKjrts. 5. 'J'o nil with Ilea 

BE-LTErK, (be-llde')|»p. Falsely represocteu, either by wotd 
or obvious evidence and indication ; counterfeited ; nun.- 

BE-LIkF', (be-leef ) ti. [Sax. geleaf, geleafan, gclrfan, 
gelicfan, gclyfan, to believe.] 1 A persuasion of Uje 
truth, or an assent of mind to the truth, of a declaration, 
proposition, or alleJged fact, on the ground of evidence. — 
2. In theology, faith, or a firm persuasion of the trulh.s of 
religion. 3. Ileligion. 4. Persuasion or opinion. 0. The 
thing believed ; the object of belief. G. A creed ; a form 
or siinimary of articles of faith. 

BE-LIkV'.V-BLE, (be-lg'va-bl) a. That may be believed ; 

BE-LIlcVE', (be leev') v. t. 1. To credit upon the authority 
or testimony of another ; to be persuaded of the truth of 
something. 2. To expect or hope with confidence ; to 

BE-LlisVE', V. i. To have a firm persuasion of any thing ; 
to think, or suppose. — In theology, to bcltrve sometimes 
expresses a mere assent of the understanding ; and some- 
times it implies, with this assent of the uihid, a yielding 
of the will and aflections. 

BE-LIkV'ED, (be-leevd ) pp. Credited ; assented to, as 

BE-LIkV'ER, 71. 1. One who believes; one who gives 
credit to other evidence than that of personal knowledge. 
— 2. In theology, one who gives credit to the truth of the 
Scriptures, as a revelation from God. Jn a more rtstricted 
scnse^ a professor of Christianity. 

BE-LIkV'L\G, ppr. Giving credit to testimony, or toother 
evidence than personal knowledge. 

BE-Ljl'^V'ING-LY, adv. In a believing manner. 

BE-LlKE', ado. [4c and (iAe.] Probably; likely ; perhaps 
[.Vfor/j/ nntifiuated.] 

t BELIKE LY,a(/c. Probably. J/all. 

t BE-LTMEi, V. t. To besmearwith lime ; to soil. Bp. Halt 

BE-LITTLE, t'. t. To make smaller, or less in size. Jcf 

fBELWE', adv. Speedily ; quickly. Spenser. 

BELL, 71. [Sax. bell, bella, belle.] 1. A vessel or hollow 
body of cast metal, used for making sounds. Its constit- 
uent parts are a barrel or hollow body enlarged or expand- 
ed at one end, an ear or cannon by whith it is hung to a 
beam, and a clapper on the inside. 2. A hollow Ixidy of 
metal, perforated, and containing a sol id ball, to give sound* 
when sbaken ; used on animals. 3. Any thing in form 
of a bell, as the cup or calix of a fiower.- 'J'o bear the bell, 
is to be the first, or leader, in allusion to the bcll-icelher of 
a flock. 

BELL, V. i. To grow in the fiirm of bells, as buds or flow- 

BELL'-FASH-IONED, a. Having the form of a bell. 

BELL'-FLOW-ER, 71. .\ genus of plants, so named from 
the shape of the (lower. 

BELL'-F()UNU-ER, 71. A man whose occupation is to found 
or cast bells. 

BELL'-M.\N, 71. A man who rings a bell, especially togire 
notice of any thing in the streets. 

BELL'-MET-.VL, (bel -mct-tl) 71. A mixture of copjier ano 
tin, in the proportion of about ten parts of copper to cr.e 
of tin, and usually a small portion of brass or zink ; used 
for making bells. 

BELL-PEPPER, 71. A name of the Guinea pepper, n gpe- 
cies of capsicum. 

BELL'-RI.NG-ER, ti. One whose business in to ring a church 
or other bell. 

BELL'-.<!HAPEn, a. Having the form ofn bell. 

BELL'-WETH-ER, v. A wether or sheep which leadj the 
Hock with a bell on bis neck. 

BELL'-WoRT, H. A plant, the urularia. 

BEL'LA-n<)\ NA, n. A plant, a sp<'cles of afrnpn. 

BELLA-TRIX, 11. [I..] A ruddy, clJllerlng star, of the sec- 
ond niapiiitude, in the left shonliler of Orion. 

BELLI'., liel) n. (Fr.) .\ young lady. ]n popular use, a 
lailvof siipirior Ix-aiilv, and much admired. 

BELL'EI), a. Hung with bells. 

•BELLES-LETTRES^ (Ih-I letter) 71. pU. nnilicized 
brll Iriirrs. [Fr.] Polite litcmtiire ; a word of very vague 
signification. It includes poetry and oratory ; but onthort 

* i>ee Sifnopsn. MOVE, BQQK, DOVE j—BlvLL, UNITE i—t'osK ; Giu J j 8asZ ; CUmSII • THasintAu 1 Obsol$ti 




are nnt narrrA tn wlirit particular liranrliot nf Icaminn the 
icriii Hliiiiilil Imi riHlrictiMl. 

Hi:i,l,'l lit INK, " I I'r. '"■"<• nii'l ''onnc] A woinnn excel- 
liiii; liiilli Ml iHMiiiy iiriil ko<><I>>''><h. 

) lli;i. I. It'; i;i( ATI';, r. i. 'I'u nmku wnr. Coekcram. 

IIKI, l.l(Vi:i( KN'i', a. [K. bclUgtr, bcUtgeru.] VVaRiriR 
wiir ; nirryiiiB nil war. 

111:1. l.lii'Kll-KN'l', n. A nation, power or itate carrying 
cm wiir. 

t IIKI, iJl";'i;il OirS, n. Tim sniiin tm hrU,s;rrtnt. 

ni;i.l. I.\«;,n. [Snx. Ar//,i/i.| 1. ■niciii)H<M)l a r<* in niltlne 
liiiir. 'J. (J, (irowinK "f fnrmuiR liku a bfll ; growing full 
and ripo ; used nfluiiw ; I'rnni litll. 

Ili;i-Ml''() TKNT, a. II,. bfUi}wltna.\ Powerful or miglity 
in war. [l.tlllr. uxrd.] 

t llKLl.l TUnii, n. [\..btllttiiiU>.] Urnuty. Corkrram. 

f m:'..-Ll(aUi;' (liel-lock') ». (oM (■•r.l Warlike. 

UKL.'L<IN,n. A disoiuir, attended willi langiiiir and inlol- 
pralilc griping of the IkiwcIs. 

ItKL-I.A NA, >i. The Enddcs.i of war. 

HELLfiW, t). i. ISax. hrllan.] 1. To make a hollow, 
loud noise, as a tmll : to make a loud outcry ; to roar. 
In contempt, to vocilerat/" or clamor. -'. To roar, as 
the sea in a temprat, or as tlie wind when violent ; to 
make a loud, hollow, continued sound. 

BKl.'LoW, 71. A loud oiilcry ; roar. 

IlKL I.OW-I.Nt;, />;"•. Making a loud, hollow sound, as a 
bull, or ius the roaring of billows. 

nKI.'l.uW'-INi;, n. A loud, hollow sound, or roar. 

• UKh L6VV8, ji. sing, and plu. [A\x. hiltg, or bylig ; Goth. 
baljTs.] An instrument, utensil or machine ibr blowing 

nKIVL^W.^-FI.*!!!, n. The trumpet-fish. 

BEI,'IAMNK, II. [\j. belliiiiius.] Heastly ; pertaining to or 
like a beast : brutal, [f.itlle tuied.] 

BEL NY, II. rir. /<»// ; vV. bolij.] }. That part of the human 
body whicli extends from tiie breast to the thighs, con- 
taining the bowels. 2 The part of a bea-st corresponding 
to the human belly. 3. The womb. ./fr. i. ^. 4. The 
receptacle of food ; that which requires food. .'«. The part 
of any thing which resembles the human belly in protu- 
berance or cavity, as of a harp or a bottle. 6. Any hollow, 
inclosed place. 

niUvI.Y, 0. t. To fill ; to swell out. Shak. 

HKL'LY, V. i. 1. Toswell and become protuberant, like the 
belly. 2. To strut. 

IJEL'LY-.aGHE, 71. Pain in the bowels ; the colic, [f^ul- 

AeilE 15i;SH or weed, n. A species of jatro- 

BEL'LY-BAND, n. A band that encompasses the belly of a 

horse, and fastens the saddle ; a girth. 
I!r,l.'l.V-l!(it!.\l), (1. Diseased in the belly ; costive, 
f lU'.l, l,V-Clli:i;i!, ». Good cheer. Chaucer. 
BEL LY-riuyi'-TING, n. The cliafing of a horse's belly 

with a fore girt. 2. A violent pain in a liorse's belly, 

caused by worms. 
BEL'LY-FjJL, ji. As much as fills the belly, or satisfies the 

BEI.'IiY-GOD, 71. A glutton ; one who makes a god of his 

BET, lA'-ING, pjrr. Enlarging capacity ; swelling out, like 

the bellv. 
BEL LY-'PIN'CHED, a. Sta»T<!d ; pinched with hunger. 

BEL'I.Y-RoLT,, n. A roller protuberant in the middle, to 

roll land between ridges, or in hollows. 
BEL'LY-SL.WE, ti. .\ slave to the appetite. 
BEL LY-TIM-BER, n. Food ; that which supports the 

belly. Prior. [Fulffar.] 
BEL'LY-\V6RM, n. A worm that breeds in the belly or 

stomach. Johnson. 
BE-LOCK', V. t. [Sax. belucan.] To lock, or fasten as with 

a lock. Sliak. 
BEL'0-MAN-CY, n. [Gr. (ie\os and uavrtta.] A kind of 

divination by arrows, practiced by the ancient Scythians, 

Babylonians and other nations. 
BE-Lo\E', »i. [Gr 0c>iovt].] The gar, garfish, or sea-needle, 

a species of f.vor. 
BEI,(1NG', r. i. [D. belan<:en.] 1. To be the property of. 

2. To be the concern or proper business of ; to appertain. 

.?. To be appendant to. 4. To be a [Kin of, or connected 

with, thoucli detached in place. .5. To have relation to. 

P. To be the quality or attribute of. 7. To be suitable for. 

S. To relate to, or be referred to. 9. To have a legal 

residence, settlement, or inhabitancy. 10. To be the na- 
tive of; to have orieinal residence.— 11. In rorTimoTi lan- 

SiiniTc, to have a settled residence ; to he domiciliated. 
BE-hOXG'ING, ppr. Pertaining ; appertaining ; being the 

properly of; being a quality of; bemg the concerr f.( 

being appendant to ; being a. native of, or having a .ega. 

or permanent settlement in. 

BE-LONG I.NG, n. A quality. Shak. 

BE-LOVE', V. t. To love. 




IlE-Li'iV'rn, pp. [bt nnd lorrj, tram lore. lietorf, on a 
verb, It) not UKcil. I Jxjvcd ; greatly loved ; dear U> lb* 

UK l.riVV", prep. I. I'nder In plnc« ; Itencnlh ; not m high 
2. Inferior in rank, i-icelleiicc or dignity. 'J. L'nworthy 
of; iinbelittiiig. 

Ill; LfiVV, iiilr. ). In a lower place, with rmiK-ct loany ol>- 
Jert. 2. On the earth, a-M op;M«rd to the hi .iveni. :(. Id 
hell, or the region of the dead. 4. lu a court of inferloi 

t III-; I.OWT', V. I. To treat with contemptuous language. 

llELHWA(; GKK, n. A lewd man. Prydon. 

UKLT, Fi. (Sax. belt ] I. A girdle ; a band, usually of leath- 
er, in which n «worrt or other wea|M»n in hung. 2. A nar- 
row pnKKage at the entrance »f the Baltic, '.t. A baiidiigs 
or band UHcd by mirgeonn for VHrious purprwen. — I. In 
astronomy, certain girdles or rings which surround th« 
planet Jiipiler are called hrli.i. .'>, A diiirai>e among 
sheep, cured by cutting off the t-Til, laying the wire f<are, 
then casting mold on it, and applying tar and gooM 

BEl/r, r. I. 'J'o encircle. H'arlon. 

BI-i-Lr'fiA, n. A fish of the cetaccou* order. 

BEL'VI-DEKK, ii. [L. /<r//.7.» and ridrn.] 1. A plant, a upe- 
cieH of chevopodium, goosefoot or wild orach. — 2. In Italian 
archilrcture, a pavilion on the lop of an edifice ; an arti- 
ficial eminence in a garden. 

BE-LYE. Ser. Belie. 

f BK'MA, n. [Gr. ^^Tj/za.] l.Achancel. '2. In ancient Grtut 
a stage or kind of pulpit. 

tBE-MAD', r. I. To make mad. SKak. 

BE-MAN'GLE, v. I. To mangle ; to tear asunder. Btau 

mont. [Little u-ird.] 
^MXPK', r. t. ~ 

BE-M.\PK', r. t. To ma.«:k ; to conceals Shelton. 

BE-MaZE', r. t. To bewilder. [Little used.] 

t BE-MkTE', r. t. To measure. Shak. 

BE-.MINGLE, r. r. To mingle; to mix. [Little used.] 

BE-MTRE", r. t. To drag or inciiml)er in the mire. 

t BE-MIST', r. t. To cover or involve in mist. 

BE-.Mo.\N', v.t. To lament; to bewail ; to express Boirow 

t BE-MoAN'A-BLE, a. That may be lamented 

BE-.Mo.WED, p/). Lamented; liewailed. 

BE-l\IoA.\'ER, 71. One who laments. 

HE-MdA.\'lXG, ppr. Lamenting; bewailing. 

BE-MOeK', r. t. To treat with mockery. [Luile vsed.] 

BE-.MOeK', r. i. To laugh at. 

fBE-MOIL', r. I. To bedraggle ; to bemire ; to soil or in 
cumber with mire and dirt. Shak. 

BE-MoL', 77. In mH.s-i'c, a half note. Baccm. 

fBE-MON'STEK, r. t. To make monstrous. Shak. 

BE-MoUR.N', V. t. To weep or mourn over. [Little twcd.] 

BE-MuS'EO, (be-muzd') a. Overcome with musing ; dream- 
ing ; a intrd of enntrmpt. Pope. 

t BEN. [Sax.] Used for are, been, and to be. 

BEN, or BE.v-.NUT, n. .\ purgative fruit or nut. 

BE.NCH, 71. [Pax. bene] 1. A Ions seat, usually of board or 
plank. 2. The seat where judues sit in court ; the seat 
of justice. 3. The persons who sit as judges ; the court. 

BENCH, r. /. 1. To furnish with benches. 2. To seat on a 
bench. 3. r.i. To sit on a seat of justice. Shak. 

BENCH ER, 77. 1. In Fnsland, the benchers, in the inns of 
court, are the senior members of the society who have the 
government of it, and have been readers. 2. The alder- 
man of a corporation. 3. A judge. Shak. 

BEND,r.f.; prel. bended, or benf : pp. bended, orbent. [Fax- 
bendan.] 1. Tostrain or to crook by straining. 2. Tocrook ; 
to make crooked ; to cur%-e ; to inflect. 3. To direct to a 
certain jwiint. 4. To exert ; to apply cUisely ; to exercise 
laboriously ; to intend or stretch, ."i. To prepare or put 
in order for use ; to stretch or strain, ti. To incline ; to 
be determined ; that is, to stretch towards, or cause to 
tend. 7. To subdue ; to cause to yield ; ».o make sub- 
missive. — 8. In framnnship, to fasten, as one rope to 
another, or to an anchor ; to fisten, as a sail to its yard or 
slay ; to fasten, as a cable to the ring of an anchor. 
— a To bend the broir, is to knit the brow ; to scowl ; to 

BE.NP, r. i. 1. To be crooked ; to crook, or be curving. 

2. To incline ; to lean or turn. 3. To jut over. -!. To 
resolve, or determine, ."i. To bow, or be submissive. 

BEND, 71. 1. .\ curve ; a crook ; a turn in a iiwid or river j 
flexure ; incurvation. — 2. In marine lansrvage, that part 
of a rope which is fastened to another, or to an anchor. 

3. Bends of a ship are the thickest and strongest planks 
in her sides, more generally called trales.— A. In hrrald- 
rv, one rf the nine honorable ordinaries, containing a 
third part of the field, when charged, and a fifth, when 

'; p.ain. 

I tBKND, 71. A band. Spenser. 

! BEND'.'V-BLE, n. That maj be bent or incurvated. 

'■\ BENDED, or BENT, ^77.' Strained; incur\ated ; made 

II cnxiked ; inclined ; subdued. 

• See Synopju. A, E, I, 0, O, V, long-.— FAR, FALL, ^VII.,\T ;— PREY ;— PTX, M ARYNE. BIRD ,— f Obrolttg 

BEN 83 

BEND'ER, n. The person who henda, or makes crooked ; 
also, ail instrument for bending other thiiign. 

BE.NUfNG, ppr. Incurvating ; forming into a curve; 
stooping ; subduing ; turning, as a road or river; inclin- 
ing ; le;iiiing ; 3|)|)lying closely, as tlie mind ; fastening. 

BKNULET, n. In heraldry, a. little bend, which occupies 
a sixth part of a shield. Bailey. 

BEMJ'-VVITH, n. A plant. Diet. 

BENECY, n. In heraldry, the field divided into four, six or 
more parts, diagonally, and varying in metal and color. 

BEN E, n. The popular name of the sesamum urien- 
tale, called in tiie West Indies vangluc, an African 

BE-NeAP'ED, (be-neept ) a. Among jeomen, a ship is be- 
neaped, when the water does not flow high enough to 
float her from a dock or over a bar. 

BE-.NkATH', prep. [Sa.t. beneath.] 1. Under; lower in 
place, with something directly over or on. 2. Under, in 
afiguratice sense; bearing lieavy impositions, as taxes, 
or oppressive government. 3. Lower in rank, dignity or 
excellence. 4. Unworthy of ; unbecoming ; not equal to. 

BE-i\'E.Vi"H , adv. 1. In a lower place. Mortimer. -2. Be- 
low, as opposed to heaven, or to any superior region. 

tBEX'E-DI€T, a. \l,. benedUtus.] Having mild and salu- 
brious qualities. Bacon. 

BEN'-E-Die'TINE, a. I'ertaining to the order or monks of 
St. Benedict, orr>t. Benet. 

BEN-E-Die TINES, n. An order of monks, who profess to 
follow the rules of St. Benedict. In the caiion laic, they 
are called bUuk friar.i. 

BEN-E-Die'TIO.V, n. [L. benedictio.] 1. The act of bless- 
ing ; a giving praise to God, or rendering thanks for his 
favors ; a blessing pronounced. 2. Blessing, prayer, or 
kind wishes, uttered in favor of any person or thing ; a 
solemn or affectionate invocation of happiness ; thanks ; 
expression of gratitude. 3. The advantage conferred by 
blessing. 4. The form of instituting an abbot, answering 
to the consecration of a bishop. 

f BEN-E-IJie'TIVE, a. Of power to draw down a blessing ; 
giving a blessing. Oaudcn. 

BEN-E-FAeTlON, n. [L. bcnefacio.] 1. The act of con- 
ferring a benefit. 2. A benefit conferred, especially a 
charitable donation. 

BENE-FA€ TOR, n. He who confers a benefit. 

BEN-E-FAe TRES.'<, n. A female who confers a benefit. 

BEN'E-FICE, a. [L. beneficium .] 1. Literally, a benefit, 
advantage or kindness. But, in present usa^e, an eccle- 
siastical living. 2. In the middle ages, benefice was used 
for a fee, or an estate in lands. 

BEN'E-FICED, a. Possessed of a benefice or cliurch prefer- 
ment. Aiiliffe. 

t REM'E-FiCE-LESS, a. Having no benefice. 

BE-NEFTCENCE, n. [L. beneficenlia.] The practice of 
doing good ; active goodness, kindness, or charity. 

BE-NEF I-CENT, a. Doing good ; performuig acts of kind- 
ness and charity. 

BE-NEF I-CENT-LY, adr. In a beneficent manner. 

BEN-E-FI'CIAL, a. 1. Advantigeons ; conferring benefits ; 
useful ; profitable ; helpful ; contributing to a valuable 
end. 2. Receiving or entitled to have or receive advan- 
tage, use or benefit. 

tBEN-E-FI"CIAL, H. A benefice. Spenser. 

BEN-E-FI iCI,\L-LY, adu. Advantageously ; profitably ; 

BEN-E-FI'-CIAE-NESS, n. Usefulness; profitableness. 

BEN-E-FT"CIA-RY, a. [L. beneficiarius.] Holding some 
office or valuable possession, in subordination to another. 

BEN-E-FI"CIA-RY, H. 1. One who holds a benefice. 2. One 
who receives any thing as a gift, or is maintained by 

BEN E-FI"CIEN-OY, n. Kindness or favor bestowed. 

BENE-FI' riENT, a. Doing good. Mam Smith. 

BEN'E-FIT, n. [E. beneficium ; Fr. birnfail.] ). An .-ict of 
kindness ; a favor conferred. 2. Advantage ; profit ; a 
word of extensive use, and expressing whatever con- 
tributes to promote prosperity and happiness. — 3. In laio, 
benefit nf clergy. See Clebot. 

BEN'E FIT, )•. I. Todogoodto; toadvantage; toadvance 
in henlth or prosperity. 

BE.VE-Fir, V i. To gain advantage; to make improve- 

BEN'F,-FlT-ED,pp. Profited ; li.aving received benefit. 

BEN'E FIT-ING, ppr. Doing good to ; profitnig ; gaining 

t BE-NP: GR(^E, r. t. To make extremely dark. Jleiryt. 

t BE-NP.ME', r. t. 1. To name. 2. To promise ; to give 

fBE-NEMPNE, r. I. To name. Spenser. 

tBEN-E PEAC I-TURE, 7i. [L. beneplaritum.] Will; 
clioii-e. nir.nville 

f RE-NET', r. r. To catch in a net ; to insnare. 

BENEVOLENPE, n. [1.. henerolenlia.] I. Tlie disposi- 
tion to do good ; good will ; kindness ; cliarilableness ; 
the love of mankind, acroni[ianied with n ilc-iire to pro- 
mote their iiuppincss. 2. An act of kindness ; good 


done charity given. 3. A species of contribution or tax 
illegally exacted by arbitrary kings of England. 

BE-NEVO-LENT, a. [E. benerotens.] Having a disposition 
to do good ; possessing love to mankind, and a desire 10 
promote their prosperity and happiness ; kind. 

t BE-NEV 0-LENT-NE.<c<, ,.. Benevolence. 

f BE NEV O-LOCS, a. Kind, friendly. Puller. 

BE-NEV O-LENT-LY, adc. In a kind manner ; with go<.a 

BE.N-GAL', n. A thin stuff, made ( f silk and hair, for 
women's apparel, so called from Bengal. 

BEN-GA-LEE , n. The language or dialect spoken in Ben- 

BEN-GA-I.eSE', n. sing, and plu A native, or the natiret 
of Bengal, .^s. Res. vii. 171. 

BE-NlGIlT', r. t. 1. To involve in darkness ; to shroui 
with the shades of night. 2. To overtake with nigh: 
3. To involve in moral darkness, or ignorance ; to deUii 
from intellectual light. 

BE-NIGHT'ED, pp. Involved in darkness, physical oi 
moral ; overtaken by the night. 

BE-NIGN', (be-nine') a. [E. benignus.] 1. Kind ; of a kind 
dispositioii ; gracious ; favorable. 2. Generous ; liUnil 
3. Favorable; having a salutary influence. 4. Wliolo- 
some ; not pernicious. 5. Favorable ; not malignant. 

BE-NIG'NA.NT, a. Kind; gracious: favorable. 

BE-NIG'NI-TY, n. 1. Goodness of disposition or heart; 
kindness of nature ; graciousness. 2. Actual goodness ; 
beneficence. 3. Salubrity ; wholesome quaUty ; or that 
which tends to promote health. H'iseman. 

BE-NIGN'LY, (be-nlne ly) adv. Favorably ; kindly ; gra- 

BEN'I-SON, (ben'-e-zn) n. [FT.benir,beni33ant.] Blessing 
benediction. [J\''ear/u anti<juated.] 

BEN JA-MIN, n. 1. A tree, the laurus benzoin, called 
spice-biLsh. 2. A gum or resin, or rather a balsam. 6f« 

BEN'NET, 71. The herb bennet, or avens, known in botany 
by the generic term geum. 

BEN'NET-FISH, «. A fish of two feet in length. 

BENT,/)/). of4c;irf. Incurvated ; inflected ; inclined ; prorc 
to, or having a fixed propensity ; determined. — Bent on, 
having a fixed inclination. 

BENTj H 1 . The state of being curving, or crooked ; flexure • 
curvity. 2. Declivity ; as, the Arrit of a hill. [Cniutual.] 
Vryden. 3. Inclination ; disposition ; a leaning or bias 
of mind ; propensity. 4. Flexion ; tendency ; particuiai 
direction. 5. Application of the mind. 

BENT, I n. .\ kind of grass, called, in bolanv, 

BENT'-GRAPS, ( agrostus. 

BENT'ING-TIME, w. The time when pigeons feed en 
bents, before peas are ripe. 

BE-NUM', corruptly BENUMB', v. t. [Sax. beniman, beny- 
man ; pp. benumen.] 1. To make torpid j to deprive of 
sensation. 2. To stupify ; to render inactive. 

BE-NUM'MED, (be-numd') pp. Rendered torpid ; dcpriveit 
of sensation ; stupified. 

BE-NU.M'MED-NESS, ti. The state of being benummed 

BE-NUM'MING, ppr. Depriving of sensation ; stupifying. 

BEN'ZO-ATE, 7i. A salt formed by the union of Uie ben 
zoic acid with any salifiable base. 

BEN-Zfyie, a. Pertaining to benzoin. — Benzoic acid, or 
floieers of benzoin, is a pieculiar vegetable acid, obuined 
from benzoin antl other balsams, by sublimation or de- 

BEN-ZOIN', or BEN'JA-MIN, 7i. Gum benjamin ; a con- 
crete resinous juice, flowing from tlie styraz benzoin, a 
tree of Suin.atra, &c. 

BE-P.aINT', r.t. To paint; to cover witli paint. Shak 
[Little nsed.] 

tBE-P.AEE', v.t. To make pale. Careie. 

BF>-PI.NCir, r. t. To mark with pinches. 

BE-PINrHT'"'|p''- Marked with pinches. Chapman. 
BE POWDER, f. t. To powder ; to sprinkle or cover with 

BE PRAISE', V. t. To praise greatly or extravasantljr 

BE PI'R'PEE, V. t. To tinge or dye with a puqile color. 
BE fil'KATir, r. /. [?a\. beeirrrihan.] To give or leave by 

will ; to device some s(>ecies of pniperly by tesl.iment. 
BE ai'K ATFI'I.I), (iM-kweethd ) />/>. Given or left by will 
BE-(irK\TII'i:H,'i. A testator. Ituloel. 
BE-aiT: A'l'll IM:, i)/»r. Giving or devising bv testament 
BE-aUEATH'.MENT, n. The act of bequeatjiing ; a be 

BE-flUE.''T', n. Fmnethinp left by will ; a legacy 
t BE-R^IN', r. t. To niin U|>on. Chaurer, 
BE-RATE', r. t. To chide vehemently ; to scold. 
BE-RAT'TEE, v. I. To fill with rattling sounds or nokw 

t BE-R AY , r. (. To make foul ; to soil. Jfilton. 
BER PER RY. ti. fL. berberis.] See Rarberrt. 

See Spiopsis. MC'VE. BQOK PbVE ;— BI.LL, UNITE — Cas K ; G M J ; S a« Z ; PH a« SH ; TII as In this. | OlsoitU 




III'UR, n Tho naiiiii of n ii(X'cicn of Imrley in Scotland. 

niMlKAVK', r. t. Jirc't. hemivnl, hrrr/t ; pp. hrrrnrrd, hr- 

rrft. [Siix. hrrriijian.] I. 'I'o drjirlvo ; to Hlrlp ; lo niiiku 

tlt'Htitiilu ; with of before the tiling tuken uwiiy. '2. 'Jo 

tiikt- away from. Sliak. 
HV. Iti^AV'Kl), (t)c-reevd )pp. Deprived ; rtrlppcd, and left 


niMir.AVE MENT, n. Deprivation, particularly by the low 
of a friend by death 

ni".-KP;AV'IiNU, mn. Stripping barn ; drpriving. 

lIlvKKFT', u». of iereiiiie. IHiprivrd ; niaittt (lislitiltR. 

Ill'.KEN-GA kl-AN-IS.M, n. 'IIki dc irincM of llertngariiis. 

f lli;R(i, 74 [Sax. bcorg.] A lioroii|;li ; a town thai Hciidd 
btirgcijiics to purlianicnt i a caxllc. [See Itimo.] ^nh. 

3i;il(i'A-MOT, II. [Vr. btrjramnllr.] I. A »|>ecif;8 of pear. 
2. A fipecics of citron. ;i. An (f^scnco or perfiinio from 
tlic citron. 4. .\ spcclefl of Bniilf |icrl'unied with berga- 
niol .I. A coarse tapestry. 

DKIIC'AN liKIl, n. A burrow duck ; a. duck that breeds in 
liolea under cliirn. 

t BEKUI-i-lir.T, 11. [Vr.brrgrT.] A song. Chaucer. 

nEHG'MAN-ni:, n. A min-ral. 

BEIIG RlAS-TEIl, TV. [Sa.x. beorjr, and master.] The bai- 
liff or chief ollicer among the Derbyshire miners. 

BEKG MUTE, n. [Pax. be(rr/T, and mole.] A court held 
on n hill in Derbyshire, in England, for deciding contro- 
versies between the miners. 

BE-KIH.ME , I', t. To mention in rhyme or verse ; used in 
contempt. Shak. 

* BER LIN, 71. A vehicle of the chariot kind. 

BEU-LUCCIO, 71. A small bird, somewhat like the yellow- 
hammer, but less, and more slender. 

BEUiME, II. In fm-lijication, a space of ground of three, 
four, or five feet in width, left between the rampart and 
the moat or foss. 

BER XA-CLE. See Baiihacle. 

BEK'XAR-DINE, a. I'ertaining to St. Bernard, and the 
monks of the order. 

BEK'NAR-DINES, 71. An order of monks, founded by Rob- 
ert, abbot of Moleme, and reformed by St. Bernard. 

t I'E-ROBi, t. To rob. Spen.icr. 

BE-RoE', 71. A marine animal of an oval form. 

BER RIED, a. Furnished with berries. 

BER RY, 71. [Sax. beria.] 1. A succulent or pulpy fruit, 
containing naked seeds, including many varieties. 2. A 
mound, [for ia7-ro(r.] 

BER RV, !'. i. To bear or produce berries. 

BER RY-BEaR-ING, a. Producing berries. 

BERT, [Sax. bctrrht, bcrht ; Eng. bright.] This word en- 
tors into the names of many Saxon princes and noblemen ; 
as F.slicrt, Sigbert. See Bright. 

BERTFi, 71. 1. .\ station in which a ship rides at anchor, 
comprehending the space in wliich she ranges. 2. A 
room or apartment in a ship, where a number of officers 
or men mess and reside. 'J. The box or place for sleep- 
ing, at the sides of a cabin ; the place for a hammoc, or a 
repository for cliosts, &c. 

BERTRAM, 71. Bastard pellitory, a plant. 

BER'YL, 71. [L. berijllus.] A mineral, considered by Cleave- 
land as a sub-species of emerald. 

BER YL-CRVSTAL, w. .\ species of imperfect crj-stal. 

BERYL-LINE, a. Like a beryl ; of a light or bluish green. 

\ BE-.SAINT', V. t. To make a saint. 

BE-SaYLE', n. [Norm, ayle; Ft. a'ieul.] A great grand- 

/RE-SeAT'TER, r. f. To sc.itter over. Spenser. 

t BE-S€ORN', I-. t. To treat with scorn , to mock at. Chaucer. 

f BE-SURATCIl', v.t. To scratch ; to tear with the nails. 

BE-SeRAWTL,', v. t. To scrawl ; to scribble over. 

BE-SCREEN', v. t. To cover witli a screen ; to shelter ; to 
conceal. Shak. 

BE-SeREEN ED, (be-screend') pp. Covered ; sheltered ; 

BE-SCRIB'BLE, v. t. To scribble over. Mtlton. 

+ BE-SeUM'BER, j,'. t. To encumber. B. J,)„son. 

t BE-SEE', V. i. To look ; to mind. Wickliffc. 

BE-SEECII', V. t. pret. and pp. besought. [Sax. be and 
secan.] To intreat ; to supplicate ; to implore j to ask 
or pray with urgency. 

BE-SEECH', 71. Ktquest. 

BE-SEECU'ER, 7;. One who beseeches. 

BE-SEECH ING, ppr. Entreating. 

rBE-SEEK',r. (. To beseech. Chauter. 

BE-SEEM', r. t. To become ; to be fit for, or worthy of; to 
be decent for. 

BE SEEMING, ppr. or a. Becoming : fit : worthy of. 

BR-SEEM ING, 71. Comeliness. Barret. 

BESEEM LY, a. Becoming; fit; suitable. 

T BE-SEEN', a. .Adapted ; adjusted. Spenser. 

BE^ET', V. t. pret. and pp. beset. [Sax. bcsettan.] 1. To 
surrrund ; to inclose ; to hem in ; to besiege. 2. To press 
on all sides, so as to perplex ; to entangle, so as to render 

mrniio ditttcult or Impoaaible. 3. To waylay. 4. To fall 


BE .'^ET 'I''NG, ppr. Surrounding; be»lf|{inK ; waylaying 

in: SET 'ri.N(i, a. Habitually utieiiding, or prcMing. 

t HE SIILNE', V. I. 'J'oiiliiiie u|i<in. 

ilE SIIUEVV, V. t. 1. 'J'o wImIi u cume lo ; lo execrate. 'J 
To hapn<;n ill lo. [A'ul iii ujir.] .SAu*. 

HIE SHUT', t). «. 'io Khiit up. Chaucer. 

Bi; SIDE', irrep. I. At the Hide i>f a pemnn or thirie , neai 
2. Over and above; dixtiiirl from. :i. <Jn one Mile ; oul 
of the regular aiurHc or order ; nol acrordliiK to, but not 
contrary. A. Oul of ; In a Htate di'Viuting troni. .'>. VX'itli 
the reciprocal pronoun, bemde one's »el/ ut out of the witj 
or BeiiHes. 

BE SIDE', or BE-.SIDES!', ailn. Moreover ; more than that ; 
over and above : dlittincl from ; not included in the iiuui- 
ber, or In what han been mentioned. 

BE ."^ID'EK-V, 71. .A n|)ecies (if (lear. Johntort. 

Bf^SIDES', prep. Over and above; separate or diilinct 

BE-S1k«jE', v. t. [be and fiege ; Fr. niege.] I. To lay »iege 
to ; to beleaguer ; to iTeset, or surround with armed forces, 
for the purpoHe of compelling to fliirreiider, either by fani 
ine or by violent attacks. 2. To benct ; lo throng rounri 

BE SI K(; ED, (be-seejd') pp. Surrounded or benft with hr*- 
tile troops. 

BE Sli";G'ER, 71. One who lays siege, or is employed in a 

BE-SI f:(^'ING, ppr. Laying siege ; surrounding with aimed 

BESlKiJiNG, a. Surrounding in a hostile manner; era 
ployeil in a siege. 

t BE-SIT' V. t. To suit ; to become. Spimser. 

j BE-SL,A VE', r. t. To subjugate ; toenslave. 

tHE-SLlME', v.t. To daub with slime; lo soil. 

BE-SLUB BER, v. t. To soil or smear with spittle, or any 
thing running from the mouth or nose. [ yulgar.] 

BK-."^Mr: Ai; , r.t. 'J'o bedaub: lo overspread with any 
viscous, gluliMous matter, or witli any soft substance thai 
adheres. Hence, to foul ; to soil. 

BE-SMF:AR'ED, (be-smeerd') pp. Bedaubed; overspread 
with any thing soft, viscous, or adhesive ; soiled. 

BE SMkAR ER, 71. One that besmears. 

BE-S.Mi:AR'IIS'G, /ipr. Bedaubing; soiling. 

BE-SMiR(H',i7. t. To soil ; lo foul ; lo discolor. Shak. [Lit- 
tle 7/.VC(/.] 

BE-S.MdKE', V. t. To foul with smoke ; to harden or dry in 
smoke. [Little used.] 

BE-S.MOK'ED, (be-sni5kt') pp. Fouled or soiled with 
smoke ; dried in smoke. 

BE SMI'T , e. t To blacken with smut ; to fimi with soot 

BE-SMCT TED, pp. Blackened with smut or soot. 

BE-SNoW, r. (. To scatter like snow. [Little used.] 

BE-S.\oW ED, (be-snode') a. or pp. Covered or sprinkled 
with snow, or with white blossoms. JIanburij. 

BE-S.NCKF', r. t. To befoul with snuff. 

BE-SNUF'-FED, (be-snutl') pp. Foul with snuff. Vmivg. 

Be'SOM, 71. [Sax. besm.] A bi-Qoni ; a brush of twigs foi 

Bf: SO.M, r. t. To sweep, as with a besom. Barloir. 

BE-SORT', r. t. To suit ; to fit ; to become. Shak. 

t BE-SORT, 71. Company; attendance; train. Shak, 

BE-SOT', r. t. I. Tomake sottish ; lo infatuate ; tostupify , 
to make dull or senseless 2. 'J"o make to dote. 

BE-SOT'TED, pp. Made sottish or stupid.— £e*o«ed on, in- 
fatuated with foolish affection. 

BESOT TED-LY, adv. In a foolish manner. 

BE^OT'TED-NESS, 71. Stupidity ; arraat foBy ; infatua 

BE-SOT TING, ppr. Infatuating ; making sottish or foolish. 

BE-vSOrGHT', (besawf) pp. of beseech. Entreated ; im- 
plored ; sought by entreaty. 

BE-SP.\N GLE, r. t. To adorn with spangles; lo dot or 
sprinkle with somelliing brilliant. 

BE-SPAN'GLED, pp. Adorned with spangles or something 

BE-SPAN'GLING, p;7r. Adorning with spangles or glitter- 
ing objects. 

BE-SPAT TER, r. t. 1. To soil by spattering ; to sprinkle 
with water, or with dirt and water. 2. To asperse with 
calumny or reproach. Sicitt. 

BE-SPAT TERED, pp. Spattered over ; soiled with dirt and 
water ; a.spersed ; calumniated. 

BE-SP.\T TER-ING, ppr. Spattering with water; soiling 
with dirt and water ; aspersing. 

BE-^PAAYL', r. t. To soil or make foul with spittle. Mil- 

BE-^PEAK'j v.t. jiret. bespoke : pp. bespoke, be-'poken. 1. 
To speak for beforehand : to order or engage against a fu- 
ture time. 2. To forebode ; to foretell. 3. To speak lo ; 
to address. This sense i* mosthi poetical. 4 To beto- 
ken ; lo show ; lo indicate by external marks or appear- 

BE-SPr;.\K'ER, ti. One who bespeaks. 

• Set Synopsts. A, £, I, 0, 0, Y, long FAR, FALL, AVH^T ;— PREY ;— PIN, MARINE, BtRD •— | ObscleU. 




BE-SPeAK'ING, ppr. Speaking for or ordering beforehand ; 
foreboding ; addresaing ; sliowir.g ; indicating. 

BR-^l'EAK'ING, n. A previous speaking or discourse, by 
«vav of apology, or to engage favor. 

BE-.Si'K€'KLE, v. t. To mark with speckles or spots. 

BE-f"Pn"E', V. t. To season wilh spices. Sliak. 

t BK.SHRT', or f B£-.Sl'URT', v.t. To spurt out, or over ; 
to throw out in a stream or streams. 

BE-SPIT', V. t. pret. bespit ; pp. bespit, bespitten. To daub 
or soil with spittle. 

BEi-.SPoKE', pret. and pp. of bespeak. 

BE-SPUT', t;. t. To mark witli spots. Mortimer. 

BE-SPOT'TEI), pp. Marked with spots. 

BE-SPOT'TING, ppr. Marking with spots. 

BE-SPREAD', (be-spred') v. t. pret. and pp. bespread. To 
spread over; to cover over. 

f BE-.sPREi\'T', part. Besprinkled. 

BE-SPRIN'KLE, v. t. 'I'o sprinkle over; to scatter over; 
as, to besprinkle with dust. 

BE-.S1'RIN'KLED, pp. Sprinkled over. 

BE-ai'RIN KLER, n. One that sprinkles over. 

BE-SPRIN'KLli\G, ppr. Sprinkling over. 

t BE-.SPUT TER, v. t. To sputter over. 

BEST, a. superlative. [Sax. best.] Literally, most advanced. 
Hence, 1. Most good ; having good qualities in the high- 
est degree. 2. Alost advanced ; most accurate ; as, the 
best scholar. 3. Most correct or complete. 4. The best. 
This phrase is elliptical, and may be variously interpret- 
ed ; as, the utmost power ; the strongest endeavor ; the 
most, the liighest perfection ; as, let a man do his best. 
5. Jit best, in tlie best miinner ; in the utmost degree or 
extent.— 7'o make the best of, to carry to its greatest per- 

BE.'^T, adr. 1. In the highest degree ; beyond all others ; as, 
to love one best. 2. To the most advantage ; with the 
most ease. 3. With most profit or success. 4. Most inti- 
mately or particularly ; most correctly. 

BfiJT-TEM'PERED, a. Having the most kind or mild tem- 

BE-STXIN', V. t. To mark with stains ; to discolor, either 
the whole surface of a thing, or in spots. 

BE-vSTEAD', (be-sted') v. t. pret. and pp. bested. 1. To 
profit. Milton. 2. To accommodate. 3. To dispose. 

* BES'TIAL, a. 1. Belonging to a beast, or to the class of 
bea.^Ls. 2. Having the qualities of a beast ; brutal ; below 
the dignity of reason or humanity ; carnal. 

BES TI.\L I-T\', H. 1. The quality of beasts. 2. Unnatural 
connection with a beast. 

BES'TIAL-IZE, v. t. 'i"o make like a beast. 

BESTIAL-LY, adv. Brutally; in a manner below hu- 

t BES'TIATK, V. t. To make like a beast ; to bestialize. 

BE-.STI('K', V. t. pret. and pp. bestuck. To stick over, as 
with sharp points. 

BE-STlR', V. t. To put into brisk or vigorous action ; to 
move with life and vigor. 

BE i^TiR'RED, (be-sturd') pp. Roused Into vigorous action ; 
quickened in action. 

BE.^'^TiR RING, ppr. Moving briskly ; putting into vigor- 
ous action. 

t BEST'NEf-S, n. The state of being best. Morton. 

\ BE-STORM', V. i. To storm ; to rage. Yoiinir. 

BE-STOW, V. t. 1. To give ; to confer ; to impart. 2. To 
give in marriage ; to dispt)se of. 3. To apply ; to place 
for the purpose of exertion, or use. 4. To lay out, or dis- 
pose of; to give In payment for. .5. To lay up in store ; 
to deposit for safe-keeping ; to stow ; to place. 

BE-STo\V'AIj,n. A conferring ; disposal. \lAltle iLsed.] 

BE-i^T6\V'ED, (be stode') pp. Given gratuitously ; confer- 
red ; laid out ; applied ; deposited for safekeeping. 

BE-?TOVV'ER, n. One who bestows ; a giver ; a dis- 

BE-SToW'ING, ppr. Conferring gratuitously ; laying out ; 
api>h'ii\s ; depositing in store. 

HK-SToWME-NT, n. I. 'I'he art of giving gratuitously ; a 
i-onferring. r.dirarit.i. 2. That which is conferred, or 
givi'ii ; donation. Thndru. 

UK STI!AIVI)1,E, r. /. To bestride. 

r ni'^SPK AUGHT', a. Distracted ; mad Shak. 

* ItE-J^TIlEVV, r. t. pret. Iifsimred ; pp. brstretred, be- 
stroirn. To scatter over ; to besprinkle ; to strow. 

mVSTREW'ED, pp. of bestrew. 

m: PTRtDE',?'. t. pret. bestrid ; pp. hestrid, bestridden. 1. 

To stride over ; to stand or sit with any thing h"twpen 

the legs, or with the legs extended across. 2. To step 

BR-STRTn'INO, ppr. Extending the legs over any thing, so 

as to include it between them. 
Hr, S'l'KnW.N', pp. of bestrew. Sprinkled over. 
liK-STl'CK', pp. of bestiek. Pierced in various places with 

sharp points. 
BE-STI^D', r. t. To set with studs ; to adorn with bosses. 
BE-.'<TUIVnED, pp. Adornid with studs. 

BE-STUD'DL\G, ppr. Setting with studs ; adorning as 
with bosses. 

BE-.SL'RE', adv. Certainly. Lothrop. [jj vulgirism.] 

I BE-S\VIKE', (bc-swik'^ v. t. [Sax. besicican.] To allure 

BET, n. [Sax. bad.] A wager ; that which is laid, staked 
or pledged in a contest. 

BET, v. t. To lay a bet ; to lay a wager. 

BE'r, the old participle of beat, is obsolete or vulgar. 

BE-TAKE', v.t. pret. betook ; pp. betaken. [Sax. belacan.] 
1. 'I'o take to ; to have recourse to ; to apply ; to re/sort ; 
with tlie reciprocal pronoun. 2. J-ormerly, to take or 
seize. [OAj-.] Spenser. 

BK-TAiini,S, part, of betake. 

BE-TaK'I.NG, ppr. Having recourse to; applying ; resorting 

t BE TA1:(;HT', pret. of betake. Chaiuer. 

\ BE-TEE.M', c. t. To bring forth ; to produce ; to shed ; to 
bestow Shak. 

Bli'TEL, or BE'TLE, n. A species of pepper, the leaves of 
which are chewed by the inhabitants of the East Indies. 

BE-THh\K', v.t. pret. and pp. bethought. To call to mind ; 
to recall or bring to recollection, refiection, or coiibidera- 

BE-THINK', r. i. To have in recollection ; to consider. 

BETH'LE-HEM, n. [Heb. the house of food or bread.] 1. A 
town in Judea, about six mile.s south-east of Jertikilem, 
famous for its being the place of Christ's nativity. 2. A 
hospital for lunatics ; coiTUpted into bedlam. 

BETHLEM-ITE, ;i. 1. An inhabitant of Bethlehem ; a lu- 
natic. — 2. In church, history, the Bethlemites were a sort 
of monks. 

BE Tllol (JHT', (be-thawt') pret. and pp. of bethink. 

BE-THRALL', v. t. To enslave ; to reduce to bondage ; to 
bring into subjection. [Little used.] 

BE-TIIUMP', v. t. To beat soundly. [LUtle used.] 

BE-TIDE', V. t. pret. betid, or betided ; pp. betid, [be and 
tide : Sax. tidan.] To happen ; to befall ; to come to. 

BE-TIDE', V. i. To come to pass ; to happen. 

BF^Tl.ME', )adv. [6c and timf, that is, 6y the time.] I. 

BE-TI.MES', \ Seasonably ; in good season or tiaie ; be- 
fore it is late. 2. Soon ; in a sliort time. 

BE TLE, or Bli'TEE, n. A plant, called viater-pepper. See 

BE-Tu'KE.X, ,be-to'kn) v. t. [Sax. betacan.] I. To signify 
by some visible object ; to show by signs. 2. To foreshow 
bv present signs. 

BE-To'KENED, pp. Foreshown; previously indicated. 

BE-To;KE.\-ING,ppr. Indicating by previous signs. 

BET't>-.NV, n. [h. betonica.] A genus of plants, of several 

BE-TOOK', pret. of betake. 

BE-T5RN', a. Tom in pieces 

BE- TOSS', V. t. To toss ; to agitate ; to disturb ; to put in 
violent motion. Shak. 

t BE-TR.AP', V. t. To entrap ; to ensnare. Occleve. 

BE-TRAY', V. t. [Betray seems to be a compound of if and 
dragan, to draw.] l.To deliver into the h.ands of an en- 
emy by treachery or fraud. 2. To violate by fraud or 
unfaithfulness. 3. To violate confidence by disclosine a 
secret. 4. To disclose, or permit to appear, what Ls in- 
tended to be kept secret, or what prudence would con- 
ceal. 5. To mislead or expose to inconvenience net fore- 
seen, fi. To show ; to discover ; to indicate what is not 
obvious at first view, or would otherwise be concealed. 
T. To fail, or deceive. 

BE-TRAY'EI), (be-tride') pp. Delivered up in breach of 
tnist ; violated by unfaithfulness ; exposed by breach of 
confidence ; disclosed contrary to expectation or inten- 
tion ; made known ; discovered. 

BF.-TRaY'ER, n. One who betrays ; a traitor. 

BE TR.aYING, ppr. Delivering up treacherously; violat- 
ing confidence ; disclosing contrary tolrtention; expui- 
ing ; discovering. 

BE- TRI.M', V. t. To deck ; to dress ; to adorn ; to gnc* ; to 
embellish ; to beautify ; to decorate. 

BE-TRI.M'MED, (be-triind ) pp. .\dorned ; decorated. 

BR-TRIM'MING, ppr. Deckine ; adorning; onibellishing. 

BE-TUOTH', f. I. 1. To colilnirt t<> any one. in order to a 
future marriage ; lo promise or pledge one to Im- llir future 
spouse of another ; lo atliance. 2. To roiilfTirt wnh one 
for a future spouse ; lo esixmse. 3. To nominate to a bish- 
opric, in order to consecmlion. 

BE-TROTU'ED, (be-tn)lht') pp. Contracted for future mar- 

riaee. i i . 

BE TROTH'IN'G, ppr. Conlrncting lo any one, in order to .-» 

future marriage, as the father or guardian; conlrirling 

with one for a future wife, as the intended husband ; 

BE-TROTII'MENT, n. .\ mutual promise or conlnirt be 

tween two partir-s, for a fiilure marriage between the |)er 

sons l.i-lri«llicil ; espousals. 
BE TRI'ST , r. I. To Intrust : to commit to another In con 

fidinre of fidelity ; to confide. 
BE TUrST'ED, pp. Intnisted; confided ; committed In trust 

* See Synopsis MOVE, BOQK, DOVE ;— BtJLL, U.MTE — f a« K ; d as J ; 8 a« Z ; CU m 8H ; f H as in «Aa \ OifAtit 


BKTUt'ST'lN'fJ.ppr. IntriiitinK - rnmniittliiK in trimt. 

UK ntl'MI'MKN I , ». 'I'lic iicl of ItitrtiHllriR ; tliu thing In 

BET'So, n. 'I'lii! HiiiiilU^Hl Vi'iU'tlnn coin. Mimnn. 

tUE'IT, iiJi). [t^iiX. brl.\ 'J'lie olil KiikIimIi fi.r bfltrr. 

liK'V'Vl'.U, II. romp. [Sax. lid, lucre, hrtlcr ; hrlrrr, lirtfrn, 
iM'ttcr.] I. Iluvinit K'lo*! <|Uiililirii in ii crrutrr ilcRrrf! 
lli.'iii niiotlipr ; npiilicil to pliyHlriil, nrr|iiirc(l iir iiicinil 
qimlltien. 2. M(ir« iKlviintiiRi'inH. .'1. .Morn iirrcpliitilr. 
'\. More mir«. .'>. Iinprovcil In lii'iilth ; Ii'ih iiflVrtrd with 
di.seii8e. — t). To be brllrr off, to lie in ii hctlcr ronilltioii. — 
/. To ka"K the beltrr, if to liiivc the ii(lviiiilii|!<' or Hii|H'ri 
ority. — 8 Tn set or irain Ihr lirttrr, in to obtain the ail- 
vantase, superiority or victory. — '.). Fur the better, in fur 
\\\n ndvi.ntaite or liiiproVL-inent. 

BF,'J''T1!:K. atlr. 1. In a more cxcollont manner ; will) more 
(iklll nnd wIhiIoiii, virtue, ailvanlaKi; or Hiiccesn. 2. More 
correctly, or fully. :i. With Huperior cicollence. 4. With 
more ntfection ; in n higher ili-pree. 

BET'TKK, r.t. [^ax. beterian, brtrian.] 1. To improve; 
to meliorate ; to Increase the pood (pialities of. 2. To 
iurpa.'w ; to exceed. 3. To advance ; to support ; to give 
advaiitace to. 

BIOTTKK, II. A superior ; one who has a clnira to prece- 
dence on account of his nnk, age, or office. 

BKT'rKRF.I), p/i. Improved ; meliorated; made belter. 

BETTKKI.Nt;, ppr. Making better ; improving. 

BET'TKK ING-HOUSE, n. A house for the reformation of 

BET'TERMENT, n. Improvement, rv. Montague. 

BET'TER-NESH, ii. Superiority. Tooker. 

BET'ThNG, II. I'roposinE a wager. Sherwood. 

BET'T(;)R, II. One who liets or lays a wager. 

BET'TV, II. An instrument to break open doors. 

BE-TI'M BLED, a. Kolled about ; tumbled; disordered. 

BE-TWAT'TLED, a. Confounded ; overpowered ; stupe- 
fied. ' 

BE-TWEEN', prep. [Sax. letireonan, bctwynan.] 1. In the 
Intennediate space, without regard to distance. 2. From 
one to another ; passing from one to another, noting ex- 
change of actions or intercourse. 3. Belonging to two or 
more, in common or partnership. 4. Having mutual re- 
lation to two or more. 5. Noting difrcrence,or discrimina- 
tion of one from another. 

BE-TWIXT , prr/i. [Sax. ifttri/i, betiryzt.] 1. Between; 
in the space that separates two persons or things. 2 
Passing between ; from one to another, noting inter- 

BEVEL, n. [Fr. bureau.] 1. Among masons, carpenters, 
jfi'tiers, &c., an instrument, or kird of square, one leg of 
which is frequently crooked, according to the sweep of an 
arch or vault. It is movable on a point or centre, and so 
may be set to any angle. An angle that is not square 
is called a berel angle, whether obtuse or acute. 2. A 
cur\'e, or inclination of a surface from a right line. 

BEVEL, a. Crooked ; awry ; oblique. Bailey. 

BEV'EL, o. t. To cut to a bevel angle. Mozon. 

BEVEL, V. i. To curve ; to incline towards a point, or from 
a direct line. 

BEVELED, pp. Formed to a bevel angle. Kirwan. 

BEVEL-ING, ppr. Forming to a bevel angle. 

BEV'EL-ING, a. Curving ; bending from a right line. 

BEVEL-IXG, 71. 1. .^ hewing of timber with a proper and 
regtilar curve, according to a mold laid on one side of its 
surface. 2. The curve or bevel of timber. 

BEV'EL-MENT, n. In mineralogy, bevelment supposes the 
removal of two contiguous segments from the edges, an- 
gles or terminal faces of the predominant form, thereby 
producing two new faces, inclined to each other at a cer- 
tain angle, and forming an edge. Cleacetand. 

Bf.'VER. See Beaver. 

t BEVER, n. [It. berere.] .\ small repast between meals. 

BEVER, v. i. To take a small repx'St between meals. 

BEV'ER-A6E, 71. [It. herermrinn.] 1. Drink; liquor for 
drinking. It is generally used of a mixed liquor. 2. A 
treat on wearing a new suit of clothes ; a treat on first 
coming into prison ; a garnish. — 3. In England, water- 
cider, a mixture of cider and water. 

BEV'ILE, 71. In heraldry, a thing broken or opening, like a 
carpenter's bevel. 

BEVY, 11. A flock of birds ; hence, a company ; an assem- 
bly or collection of persons ; usually applied to females. 

BE-WaIL , r. t. To bemoan ; to lament ; to express sorrow 
for. ' 

BE-WAFL', r. i. To express grief. Shak. 

BE-WAIL'A-BLE, <j. That mav be lamented. 

BE-WaILED, (be wald'1 pp. Lamented ; bemoaned. 

^'^"^\-'^' ^'^x"- '^''"' "'•'" Innients or bewails. fTard. 

BE-WaIL ING, ppr. Lamenting ; bemoaning ; expressing 
grief for. 

BKWaIL ING, 11. I-nmentalion. Raleiirh. 

t HE-WAKE', r. t. To keep awake. Qoirer. 

BE-WARE', r. i. [Sax. if ir man, beirarian, geaarian.] Lit- 

m liiA 

rrnllif, to rentmln or Runrd mw't mlf from. Ilene«, to r»- 
g;iril \wlh cnulioii ; to avoid ; to tiike cure. 

BE WKEI'', r. (. Towvepover ; U> bedtrw with Vtan. Shak. 
U.illle uned.\ 

III-, WEEP, r. I. To make Inmrnlalion. [I.tille uttdA 

BE WEIT' ;to. W'cpl over ; U'dewed wilJi team. [LUlU 

f III; WET' r. I. To wet ; Uj momten. 

IIE-WlirillE'. B. t. To corrupt with regard to ch.istity. 
Hrnuiii. anil Fletrhrr. To pronounce a whore. .'•Aa*. 

BE-WII.'DEU, r.(. ji)an./<n-n/</--r,ti/</fr ; I), tmnldrren,] 
'l\t Willi Into |>erplexlly or confusion ; to |i»e in pathlcM 
plnres ; to (Hrrplex with ma7x-K. 

BE-WIL'DERElt, /i/). \av\ in rnazea ; (lerplcxcd with dt»- 
order, ronfuHion, or intricacy. 

BE'WIL'DER-I.N'C. /i^ir. I^onini; in a pothlcu place; per- 
plexing with c<iiifu?iion or Intricacy. 

t BE-WIN'TER, r. t. 'io make like winter. 

IlE-WITCII', r. (. I. To fa.scinatc ; to gain an ascendanrr 
over by charms or inr^intilion. 2. 'Jo charm ; to fa.scl- 
nate ; to plen.<ie to such a degree an to tike away the pow 
er of ri-sl-l.inrc. 3. To deceive and mislead by juggling 
tricks or iiii|>osture. 

BF,-WIT<'II'KI>, ^lie-wicht') pp. Fascinated; charmed. 

BE Wrrcil'KU-.NESS, 71. State of being bewitched. Bp 

BE-WITCU'ER, 71. One that bewitches or fascinates. 

HE-WITCIPER-V, n. Fo.'icination ; charm ; rcsLstlcss pow 
er of any thing that pleases. 

BE-WITCHFUL, a. Alluring; fascinating. 

BE-WITCH'ING, ppr. F;iscinating ; charming. 

BE-WITCH'ING, a. That has power to bewitch or !■»» 
cinate ; that has power to control by the arts of pleasing 

BE-WITCII'I.NG-LY, udr. In a fascinating manner. 

BE-WITCII'MENT, n. Fascination ; power of charming 

tBE-Wo.X'DEREU, a. Amazed. Fairfax. 

BE-WR.^P', (be-rap/) r. t. To wrap up. 

BE-WRAV, (be-ra') r. t. [Sax. icrecan, to tell ; am-eon 
onicreon, to reveal.] To disclose perfidiously ; to betray 
to show or make visible. [This vord u nearly anti 

BE-WRAY'ED, (be-rade') pp. Disclosed ; indicated ; be 
trayed ; exposed to view. 

BE-\VRaY'ER, 71. A divulger of secrets ; a discoverer. 

BE-WRAV'ING, ppr Disclosing ; making known or visl 

t BF^WRECK , (be-rek') v. t. To ruin ; to destroy. 

t BE-WROUGHT', (be-rawf) a. Worked. Ben Jonso* 

BEY, (ba) 71. In the Turkish dominions, a governor of d 
town or particular district of country ; also, in some 
places, a prince ; the same as the Arabic beg. See Beg. 

BE-YOND', prep. [Sax. begeond, begeondan.] 1, On the 
further side of; on the side most distant, at any indefinite 
distance from that side. 2. Before ; at a place not yet 
reached. Pope. 3. Past; out of reach of; further than 
any given limit. 4. .'Vbove ; in a degree exceeding or 
surpissing ; proceeding to a greater degree. — To go be- 
yond is a phrase which expresses an excess in some action 
or scheme ; to exceed in ingenuity, in research, or in any 
thing else j hence, in a bad sense, to deceive or circiuu 

BE-YO.\D', adt. At a distance ; yonder. Spenier. 

BEZ'AX, 71. A cotton cloth from Bengal, white or striped 

BE-ZAXT', n. A gold coin of Byzantium. See Btzakt 

BE-Z.VNT'LER, 71. [from antler.] The branch of a deer »3 
horn, next above the brow iuitler. 

BEZ'EL, 71. [Sw. bef.el, a rein.] The upper part of the col- 
let of a ring, which encompasses and fastens the stone. 

BE'ZoAR, 71. [Pers.] I. .\n antidote ; a general name for 
certain animal substances supposed to be efficacious in 
preventing the fatal eflects of poison. Beioar is a calca- 
rious concretion found in the stomach of certain niminan 
animals. — 2. In a 7iii>rf general sense, any substanc* form- 
ed, stratum upon stratum, in the stomach or intestines of 
animals. — Fossilbezoar is a figured stone, formed, like the 
animal bezoar, with several coats round some extraneous 
body, which serves as a nucleus ; found chielly in Sicily, 
in sand and clay pits. — Bezoar-mineral. .^n oxyd of anti- 

BEZ-(>-AR'Dir, a. Pertaining to or compounded of bezoar 

BEZ-O-AR'niC, 71. A medicine compounded with bezoar. 

BEZ-0-XR'TI-t'.\L, a. Having the qualities of an antidote 

BEZ'O LA, 71. A fish of the trutt-iceous kind. 

t BEZ'ZLE, r. t. To waste in riot. 

BHL-CHA.MP'AC, 7i. A beautiful plant of India 

BI'.\, 71. In commeree, a small shell called a crry, much 
valued in the Ivist Indies. 

BT-A.N GU-LATE, ) a. [L. bis and angvhis.] rTaving 

BT-.\\'Gr-LA-TED, > two angles or corners. [LUtU 

BT-AN'GU LOUS, > used.] 

BI-AR.M'I-AN', a. Noting a race of Finns in Perme 

BI'AS, 17. [.\rm. bihays, or ries : Fr. hiais.] 1. A weight on 
the side of a bowl, which turns it from a straight line. 
2. A leaning of the mind ; inclination ; prep<i^e98ion ; 

» See Synopsis. A, E, I, 0, C, t, fon^.— FAR, FALL, WH.\T j— PRgY ;— PLN. M.VRLVE, BiBD ;— f ObsoUu 




propensity towards an object. 3. That which causes the 
mind Cu lean or incline from a state of inditference to a 
particular object or course. 
Bl AS5, c. t To incline to one side ; to warp ; to give a par- 
ticular direction to the mind j to prejudice ; to prepo3- 

t BI'AS-DRAVV-ING, n. Partiality. Shak. 

IJI'A.SED, pp. Inclined from a right line ; warped ; preju- 

BI'AS-IN'G, ppr. Giving a bias, particular direction, or pro- 
pensity ; warping ; prejudicing. 

f l!rA.S-NES.S, n. Inclination to some side 

BIB, n. 1. A small piece of linen, or other cloth, worn by 
ciiildren over the bre;ist. 2. A lish about a foot in length, 
the back of a light olive, the sides yellow, and tlie belly 

BIB, c. t [L. bibo.] To sip ; to tipple ; to drink frequently. 
[Little tised.] Locke. 

BI-Ba«CI01;S, a. [L. bibaz.] Addicted to drinking; dis- 
posed to imbibe. 

fBi-BAC'I-TY, n. The quality of drinking much. 

BIBBER, n. A tippler ; a man given to drinking •, chiefly 
used in composition ; as, wiiiebibbcr. 

BIUBLE-BAB'BLE, n. Idle talk ; prating to no purpose. 
Shak. [Ji low vord, and not used ] 

BIB'l-O, ji. A name of the wine Hy, a small insect. 

UI BLE, n. [Gr. 0ifi\iov, /Ji/iXof, a b..ok.j TllH BOOK, by 
way of emmence j the sacred volume, in which are con- 
tained the revelations of God. 

BIB LER, It. A tipler ; a great drinker. 

BIB LI-€AL, a. Pertaining to the Bible. 

Bin-LI-OGRA-PIIER, n. [Gr. /Ji/3>oj and y(«"P<^-] One 
who composes or compiles the history of books ; one 
skilled in literary history ; a transcriber. 

BIB-LI-U-GRAPH'U;, la. Pertaining to the history of 

Klli-Ll-0-GRAPII'I-€AL, ( books. 

BIB LI-OG'R,\-PHY, n. A history or description of books ; 
the perusal of books, and manuscripts, with notices of tlie 
ditfereiit editions, tlie times when lliey were printed, and 
other information tending to illustrate the history of liter- 

BIB'LI-0-LTTE,n. [Gr. /Si/JXiov and Xi0os.] Bookstone. 

BIB-T.I-O.M'AN-CY, n. [Gr. /ii/iXos and /<a»T£ia.] A kind 
of divination, performed by means of the Bible, consist- 
ing in selecting passages of Scripture at hazard, and 
drawing from iJiem indications concerning things future. 

BlB-LI-0-MA'NI-A,n. [Gr. j3(/3Xiov and /joiia.] Book-mad- 
ness ; a rage for possessing rare and curious books. 

B1B-LI-0-Ma'NI-A€, ji. One who has a rage for books. 

BIB-LI-OPO-L-'^T, n. [Gr. /Ji/JXioy and jrwXrw.] A book- 

BIB-LI-O-THE'-eAL, a. [L. bibVwtheca.] Belonging to a 

BIB-LI-OTII E-CA-BY, ji. A librarian. Hall. 

BII!-l.l-()-TllEKE', 71. A library. Bale. 

Bin LIST, 71. 1. With the Romanists, one who makes the 
Scriptures the sole rule of faith. 2. One who is conver- 
sant with the Bible. 

BT-BRAf TE-ATE, a. Doubly bracteate. Eaton. 

BIB'U-LOUS, n. [L. bibulus.] Spungy ; that has the quality 
of imbibing fluids or moisture. 

BI-€APSU-LAH, a. [L. bis and capsula.] In botany, hav- 
ing two capsules containing seeds, to each flower. 
, BI-CaR'BO-.NATE, n. Supercarbonate ; a carbonate con- 
taining two primes of carbonic acid. 

Bi-€AU'1)A, 71. A fish of the sword-fish kind. 

BK'li, or BISE, n. Among painterK, a blue color. 

BI-("1I''I-TAL, / a. [L. biceps and caput.] Having two 

Blt'lP ITOl'S, ( heads. Jlpplied to the mu-^cles, it signi- 
fies having two heads or origins ; and any such muscle is 
denominated bic,-ps. 

Blt'K'KK, r. i. rVV. bicra ; Scot, bicker. \ 1. To skirmish ; 
to fight off and on. [But in this sense rarely used.] 'J. 
'J'o quarrel ; to conlenu in words ; to scold ; to contend in 
pctutant altercation. :t. To move quickly ; lo quiver; to 
be tremulous, like flame or water. MtUon 

BI€K'E1{-ER, n. One who bickers, or engages m a petty 

BI€K'ER-lNn, ppr. Quarreling ; contending ; quivering. 

tBU;K ER-MENT, n. f'ont.ntion. Sprnser. 

BI€K'ERN, 71. An iron ending in a beak or point. 

BI'CORN', 71. [L. liiciriii-i.] A plant whose anthers have 
the apiiearnnce of two horns. 

BI-COR.\'oiTf I "■ ''^^''"E '^*'" ''*"■""• Browne. 

BI eORTO-RAE, «. [L. /'i>or;)r>r.] Having two bodies. 

Bin, r. f. pret. bid, or bade ; pp. hid, bidden. |Sax. biddan.] 
I. To ask: to request; to invito, i!. To command; to 
order, or direct. H. 'l"o offer ; to pro|«ise. 4. To pro- 
claim ; to make known by a public voice. [0/>.».l Shnk. 
5. To pronounce or declare, (i. To denounri-, or threaten. 
7. To wish, or pray. — To bid beads, is to pniy with buada, 

as the Catholics.— Tu bid fair, ts to open or offer a go 
prospect ; to appear fair. 
BlU, or BIDUE.N, pp. of bid. Invited ; oflered ; coiB- 

BllJ, 71. An otTer of a price ; a word much used at auctions. 
BlU ALE, 71. In £nn^<un(<, an invitation of friends to drink 
ale at some poor man's house, and there to coutribule in 
BlU'UER, 71. One who oflTers a price. Burke. 
BIU'L)l.\G,ppr. Inviting; ofleriiig ; commanding. 
BIUUI.NG, 71. invitation ; command ; order ; a proclams- 

tion or notifying, iihak. 
BlUE, V. i. [Sax. bidan.] 1. To dwell ; to inhabit. 2. To 
remain ; to continue, or be permanent, iu a place or slate 

[JVearly antiquated.] Shak. 
BI1)E, r.«. To endure ; to suffer. Shak. 
BI'UE.N'*, 71. A plant, bur marigold. Muhlenberg 
BI-DE.\T'AL, a. [L. bidcns.] Having two teeth. 
BIDET', 71. [Kr.] A small horse. 
BIDl.NG, ppr. Itwelling; continuing; remaining 
BID'l.N'G, 71. Residence ; iiabitation. Hotce. 
B1I>().\, 7t. A measure of liquids. 
BI-EN'M-AL, a. [U. biennis .] 1. Continuing for two yean" , 

or happening, or taking place, once in two years, -i. In 

botany, continuing for two years, and then perishing. 
BI-EN'M-AL-LY, adv. Once in two years ; at the ntuni 

ojtwo years. 
BiF.R, 71. [Sax. 6<rr.] A carriage or frame of wood for cou 

veyiiig dead human bodies to the grave. 
BIeR'-BALK, 71. The church road for burials. [jVotuscd 

in .America.] Jlomilies. 
BIEST li\'G!*, 71. plu. [Sax. byst, or bysting ; Ger. bust 

viilch.] The first milk given by a cow alter calving. 
BI-FA'RI-OI'S, a. [L. bij'arius.] Two-lbld. In botany. 

pointing two ways. 
BI-FJ\'Rl-OI'S-LY, adiK In a bifarious manner. 
BIF'ER-OUS, a. [L. bifer, biferus.] Bearing fruit twice a 

BT'Fin, ) a. [L. bifidus, bifdatus.] In botanv, two- 

BIF'I-U.VTE, i cleft ; divided ; opening with a cleft. 
BIF LO-ROLS, a. \h. bis xindfioreo.] Bearing two flowers. 

Mart yn . 
BI'FoLD, a. [L. bis, and /«/</.] Two fold ; double ; of two 

kinds, degrees, &.c. 
BI'FORfll, a. [L. biformis.] Having two forms, bodies, or 

BT FORMED, a. Compounded of two forms. 
Bl-FORM'I-TY, 71. A double fonn. More. 
BI'FUR €ATE, (a. [1j. bifurcus.] Forked; divided i:it 
BIFtR-€A-TED, \ two branches. 
BI-FUR-eA'TlON, JI. A forking, or division into t\\' 

BT-FUR'eOUS, a. Two-forked. Coles. 
BIG, a. 1. Bulky ; protuberant ; pregnant. 2. Great ; 

large. 3. Full ; fraught, and about to have vent, or be 

brought forth. 4. Distended ; ftill, as with grief or pas 

sion. Shak. .'>. Swelled; tumid; inflated, :is with pride ; 

hence, haughty in air or mien, or indicating liaughtinetM ; 

proud. (). (Jreat in spirit ; lolly ; brave. 
BIG, 71. A kind of barley. 
t BIG, r. t. [Sax. byrrgan.] To build. 
t BIG'AM, 71. A bigamist. Bp. fcacork. 
BK;'A-M1ST, 71. One who has committed bigamy, or had 

two wives at once. 
BIGA-MY, 71. [L. bis, and Gr. yo/ioj.J The crime of having 

two wives at once, or a plurality of wives. 
Bit; BEL-LIED, a. Having a great belly ; advanced in 

BKJ-BoN'ED, a. Having large bones. Herbert. 
BKI'CORNEl). a. Having large grains. Drydrn. 
iU-CEM'I-N.\TE, a. [L. bis and geminus.] Twin forked. 
BIC'GKL, 71. A (jiiadruped of the F.a.-it liidiee. 
BK; (;E.\, r. i. To recover after lying in. Krvekrtt. 
BIGGIN, 71. [Yr.beiruin.] I. A child's cap, or something 

worn about the head. 2. A building. Obs. [Sai. byggan-i 

BIGHT, (bite) 7i. [V.bogt.] 1. A l>end,or«man bay Ix-. 

tween two points of land. 2. 'I'he itouble part of a rtip<> 

when folded, in distinction from tin- end ; that i.«, a mutiJ, 

bend, or coil, any when- except at the ends. 3. The in 

ward bent of a horse's chanibri'l, and the bent of the for-- 

BIG'LY, adr. In a tumid, swelling, blustering niannor . 

BKI'.NWMKD, (I. Having a great or famous name. 
BK; .NE."^, II. Bulk ; m/.e ; larpriiesji ; dimensions. 
BIG'OT, II. [Fr. /ni'cf.l 1. A jierson who is otwtinatrly and 

unreasonably wedded to a jKirticiilar religious creed, opin 

Ion, priictice, or rllnal. 2. A Venetian liquid measure. 
BIGOT, la. Obstlnnlelv and blindly attached to sonu 

IIIG'OT-nn, V rned, opinion, practice, or ritual. 
BIG <iT-F.l)-LV, ade. In llie manner of a bigot ; pertlnn 

BIG'OT-RY, 71. 1. Obstinate or blind attarhmeut to r 

• Bte Spupsig. MOVE, BOQK, D6VE }— BJjLL, UMTE — Cas K ; (i aa J ; (? as Z ; Cll as PH ■ Til as in this, t ObjeUu 




pnrtlrulnr crrml ; iinrciwoimlilf zrni or wiirmtli In favor of 
a parly, MccI, or opinion i rxccmivo prrjuijicc. "J. 'I'lir 
limrtire or Iniit of a liigot. t'opr. 
lilt; S( >IIM) I.N(s "• lliivlti); II |Hiin|Kiiii4 Hoiiiiil. 

illi; SWoI-N, '1. Swrllcd to u liir^o olxc j tiirKlU -, ((rcully 
■witlli-il ; rciiily to liurHt. 

BUi'-V\> Ml'MlAt, a. Having Mtso iiddcni, or uddcnt 
KWrllril with milk. J'lipf. 

nr IIV lUtix; IMIKT, n. a double liyUmgarti, orwilli two 
nioiiiH of liydrogun. 

lll-JO'CnUS, a. [L fru and jii;ir>""-] Having two jiairs of 

BI-l.A'HI-ATR. a. [L. »w and /afcium.] Having two lipn.M 
the coroU of lioweri. 

DILAM IX l-A'I'K, (I. [I., hiannii lamella.] Having the 
form of a flntli'd aiilicn*, longitiidinnlly liifid. 

BI'LANl)-i:U, II. [\1. bi/landrr.] A sninll iiicrrlinnt vcfwcl 
with two nioDtH. it 1.1 a kiiiil of iioy, iimnaKPablt; l)y four 
or five men and usod chiclly in thu caiinls of the Low 

ni-LAT KIl-AL, a. [L. bu anil I al us.] Havinc two sides. 

ItlL'lll'Ml-RY, n. 'J'hi! name of a Blimb and its l^ruit ; a spe- 
cio.«i of racciniumj or wliortle-lierry. 

OlUno, n. A mpier ; a aword ; ho named, it is said, from 
Itilboa, in S|)ain, wliere the best are made. 

BIL'IIOK.'S, ri. plu. On board of .ihips, long bars or bolts of 
iron, used to confine the feet of prisoners or oH'enders. 

BIL'JU)-CiUK'r, n. IFr.] The toy called a cup uiid Aa/Z. 

BII.D, r. t. ; pret. bUded, bill ; pp. bilded, hilt. [G. bildrn ; 
Dan. bilder.) To construct ; to erect ; lo set up and finish. 
[This is the tnie orthography. Sr.e Duild.] 

BlLn':>TEI.\', n. JigalmatolUe, or figure-stone. 

BILF^, n. [Ij. fri'i-' ; Fr. bile.] A yellow, bitter liquor, sep- 
arated from the blood in the liver, c<illected in the pari 
biliarii, and gall bladder, and thence discharged by the 
common duct into the duodenum. 

BILK, n. An inllamed tumor. [Sec Boil, the correct or- 

BILK'UUCT, n. [bUe, and L. ductus.] A vessel or canal to 
convey bile. Darwin. 

BILE'tsTO.N'E, n. A concretion of viscid bile. 

BILCE, n. [a different orthography of 6«/n-c.] L The pro- 
tuberant part of a cask. 2. I'he breadth of a ship's 

BILGi;, t'. I. To suffer a fracture in the bilge ; to spring a 
leak by a fracture in the bilge. 

BILOED, pp. or a. Having a fracture in the bilge. This 
participle is often used, as if the verb were transitive. 

BIL(5E-PUMP, n. A burr-pump; a pump to draw the 
bilge-water from a ship. 

BILCE'-VVA-TER, n. Water which enters a ship, and lies 
upon her bilge, or bottom. 

BIL'IA-RY, a. [L. 6(/ij>-.] Belonging to the bile ; conveying 
the bile. 

BIL'INGS-GATE, ;i. [from a place of this name in London, 
frequented by low people, who use foul language.] Foul 
language ; riluildry. 

BI-LI.V'GUOUS, a. [L. bis and lingua.] Having two 
tongues, or speaking two languages. 

BIL'IOUS, a. [1j. biliosus.] Pertaining to bile ; consisting or 
partaking of bile ; caused by a redundancy, or bad state 
of the bile. 

BI-L1T'ER-.\L, a. [L. bis sad litera.] Consisting of two 

BI-LIVE', adv. The same as bclire. 

BILK, r. I. [Goth, bilaikan.] To frustrate or disappoint ; to 
deceive or defraud by non-fulfillment of engagement. 

BILK'ED, pp. Disappointed ; deceived ; defrauded. 

BILK'ING, ppr. Frustrating; defrauding. 

BILL, n. [Sax. «/<•.] 1. The beak of a fowl. 2. An in- 
strument used by plumbers, bxsket-makers, and garden- 
ers, made in the form of a crescent, and fitted with a 

BILL, 71. [Sai. H/.l A pick-axe, or mattock ; a battle-axe. 

BILL, 71. iSoTxn.bille.] 1. In /n if, a declaration, in writing, 
expressing some wrong or fault. — 2. In la:r, and iu cum- 
merce, in Enirland, an obligation or security given for 
money, but without forfeiture for non-payment. 3. A 
form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature, but not 
enacted. 4. An advertisement posted. 5. Any written 
paper, containing a statement of particulars, or amount of 
goods sold. 6. A bill of erchanirc is an onier drawn on a 
person, requesting him to pay money to some person 
assigned by the drawer. 7. A bill of entni is a written 
account of goods entered at the custom house. 8. A bill 
ef lading is a written account of goods shipped by any 
person. 9. \ bill of mortalitti is an account of the num- 
ber of deaths in a place, in agiven time. 10. Baiik-iilt. 
[Sff Ba!ik.] 11. .\bitlofriiTlits is a oummary of rights 
and privileges claimed by a people. 12. A bill of i/i- 
rnrer, in the JfirUh lair, was a writing eiven bv the hus- 
b,and to the wife, by which the marriage relation was 

BILL, r. i. To Join bills, as doves ; to caress in fondness. 

BILL, V.I. To ndvertUc iiy a bill or public notice; a cani 

inird. l.'EllTUHHr. 

Illl.l.' Mtli, 71. A iKwtard or imperfect capon ; al*n,afuhof 
llic i<»l kind. Jink. 

HIIJ.'ET, 71. [Vt.billrt.] A iimoll imi)^ or note In writing, 
um-d for varioUH piir|KM('ii ; iHinK'Umiii it i« a iiliort letter, 
Hildri'MHed to M<iine |M'nMin ; mimctimcit a ticket directing 
Holdicm at whnt hoiine to li.dge. 

\'.\\.\.i\:\\n. [Vr.billol.] A HiiiallMtIrk of wcH«l. 

BILL'ET, r. I. To direct n xoldier by a ticket or note where 
to lodge ; to qiiartir, or place in liHlguiKi. 

llll.L K'r-lM)i;.\, (bll'le d.H.j 71. [Fr.J A love billet. 

HILL ET-ING, ppr. Uuurtering, an Koldiem in prival* 

Bl LI.'I A It I), (bil'yar-l) a. Pertaining to the game of billiardi^ 

BILI.'IAKI)!*, (bil'ynrdz) n. plu. [Fr. billnrd.] A gamo 
played on a rectangular Uible, covered with a green cloth, 
with small ivory balln, which the playem aim to drive into 
hauird-nets, or pockets, at the iiden and corneni of tbo 
tahleH, by Impelling one ball againxt another, with uiaces 
or cues. 

BILLMON, (bil'yun) 71. [L. 6ui, and 7ni//iOTi.] A million of 
millions ; as many millions an there are unitu in a million. 

BlL'LoW, 71. [Dan. bblgt ; Sw. bblja.] A great wave Of 
surge of the sea, occa.Hioned usually by violent wind. 

BlL'I^'iVV', ti. i. To swell ; to rise and roll in Uuge wavet, 
or surges. Prim. 

BIL'LoVV-BEAT-EN, a. Tossed by billows. 

BIL'LoVV-LNG, ppr. .'^welled into large waves or surges 

BlL'Lo\V-Y, a. Swelling, or swelled into large wave*, 
wavy ; full of billows, or surges. 

t BIL'MAN, 71. He who uses a bill. 

BI-LoB'ED, or BI-Lo BATE, a. [L. frw, and Gr. >o/?o{.] 
Divided into two lobes. 

BI-LO€ U-LAR, a. [L. iijt and /ofu/i«.] Divided into tWO 
cells, or c/^mtaining two cells internally. 

BIL'VA, 71. The Hindu name of a plant. 

Bi-Ma NOUS, a. [L. bis and 77ian«jr.] Having two hands 
Man is binianous. Lawrence.. 

BI-Mk DI-AL, a. [L. 6ij and 77i»/ia{.] J. In mathematics 
if two medial lines, A B and B C, commensurable only in 
power, and containing a rational rectanele, are com 
pounded, the whole line A C will be irrational, and is 
called a first bimedial line. 2. Belonging to a quantity 
arising from a particular combination of two other quanti- 

BIN, 71. [Sax. binn, or binnr.] .\ wooden box or chest, used 
as a repository of com or otlier commodities. 

t BIN. The old word for be and been. 

BIN'.A-GLE, 71. [Fonnerly, bittacle.] A wooden case, or 
box, in which the compass and lights are kept on board a 

BI'NA-Ry, a. [h.binus.] Two; dual. — Binary number is 
that which is composed of two units. 

BI'NA-UY, 71. The constitution of two. Fotherby. 

Bl'NATE, u. [L.iiTiits.] Being double, or in couples ; grow- 
ing in paire. 

BIND, r. t. pret. bound; pp. bound, and obs. bounden. 
[Sax. bindati.] 1. To tie together, or confine with a cord, 
01 any thing that is flexible ; to fasten, as with a band, 
fillet, or ligature. 2. To gird, inwrap, or involve ; to 
confine by a wrapper, cover, or bandage. 3. To confine, 
or restrain, as with a chain, fetters, or cord. 4. To re- 
strain in any manner. 5. To oblige by a promise, vow, 
stipulation, covenant, law, duty, or any other moral tie ; 
to engage, (i. To confirm or ratify. T. To distress, 
trouble, or confine by infinnity. 8. To constrain by a 
powerful influence or persuasion. 9. To restrain the nat 
ural discharges of the bowels ; to make costive. 10. To 
form a border ; to fasten with a band, ribin, or any thing 
that strengthens the edges. II. To cover with leather, or 
any thing firm ; to sew together and cover. 12. To cover 
or secure by a band. 13. To oblige to serve, by contract 
1-1. To make hard or firm. — To Iriiid to, is to contract. — 
To bind over, is to oblige by Kind to appear at a court 

BIND, r. I. I. To contract ; to grow hard or stiff. 2. To 
grow or become costive. 3. To be obligatory. 

BIND, 71. A stalk of hojis, so called from ite winding round 
a pole, or tree, or being bound to it. 

BIND ER, V. 1. A person who binds ; one whose occupa- 
tion is to bind books ; one who binds sheaves. 2. Any 
thing that binds, as a fillet, or band. 

BIND ER-Y, 71. .\ place where books are bound. 

BTND'ING, ppr. Fastening with a band ; confining ) re 
straining : covering or wrapping ; obliging by a promise 
or other moral tie ; making costive ; contracting ; making 
hard or stiff. 

BIND ING, a. That obliges ; obligatory. 

BIND ING, 71. The act of fastening with a hand, or ohlieing ; 
a bandase ; the cover of a Nnik, with the sewiiie and ac- 
companying work ; any thing that binds ; something iba' 
secures the edge of cloth. 

BIND -WEED, 71. A genus of planu, called contoltmlus. 

* See Synopsit. i., E, I, 0, t, Y, long.—F.\R, FALL, WH.\1 —PREY ,— Pl.V. MARTNE, BIRD,— f ObsolU* 




BING, n. In alum works, a heap of alum thrown together I 

In order to drain. 
BI\'(J-€LE, »i. [L. binus and oculus.] A dioptric telescope, 

fitted with two tubes joining, so an to enable a person to 

view an object with both eyes at once. 
BI-i\U€'Lf-t<AU, a. Having two eyes ; also, having two 

a[ierture9, or tubes. 
BI-No Ml-AL, a. [L. bis and nomen.] In algebra, a root 

consisting of two members, connected by the sign pliLs or 

BI-.NOM I-NOUS, a. [L. bis and nomcn.] Having two 

BI-iV(JT'0-NOUS, a. Consisting of two notes. 
BI-Ud'RA-PHER, 71. One who writes an account or history 

of the life and actions of a particular person ; a writer of 

BI-O-GRAPFI'ie, ) a. Pertaining to biography, or the 
BI-0-GRAPH'I-€AL, ( history of the life of a person; 

containing biography. 
BI-OG'RA-PHY, n. [fir. /?(0f and yoc(^(o.] The history of 

the life and character of a particular penion. 
BI-O-Tl'NA, n. A Vesuvian mineral. 
BIOVAe.or BIHOVAC. Ste Bitocac. 
BIPA-ROUS, a. [L. ftis and pario.] Bringing forth two at a 

BI-PaRT'I-BLE, or BIP'AR-TILE, a. [L. bis and partio.] 

That may be divided into two imrta. 
BI-PAR'TIENT, a. [Li. bis aRAparlio,paTtiens.'\ Dividing 

into two parta. 
BIP AR-'1"ITE, a. {li.bisanApartitiis,] I. Having two cor- 
respondent parts. — 2. In botany, divided into two parts to 

the b.Lse, as a leaf. 
BT-PAU-TIiTION. n. The act of dividing into two parts, 

or of making two correspondent parts. 
BI I'ED, n. [L. bipes.j An animal having two feet, ns man. 
BIP'B-DAL, a Havmg two feet, or the length of two feet. 
BI-PEN'XATE, a. [L. bis and pcnna.] 1. Having two 

wings. — 2. In botany, having pinnate leaves. 
BI-PET'A-LOUS, a. [L. bis, and Gr. jrcraAov.] Consisting 

of two flower leaves ; havmg two petals. 
BT-PIVXA-TI-Fin, ( a. [1.. bis,pi<,na, and Jindo.] Doubly- 
BI-PE.\'\A-TI-FID, i pmnatilid; having pinnatifid leaves 

on each side of the petiole. 
BI-lll'AD'RATE, 71. [L. bis and qitnilrnliis.] In mathemat' 

ii-s, tlie fourth power, arising from tlie multiplication of a 

squ;ire hv itself. 
HI lil'AU-RAT'ie, 77. The same as biqnadrate. 
BI-ai'An-RAT'ie, a Pertaining to the biquadratic, or 

fiiiirth |Hiwer. 
BI-UI I IN'TILE, 77. [L. bis and qmntns.'] An aspect of the 

planets, when they are distant from each other, by ttrice 

the fifth, part of a great circle. 
BT-RA'DI-ATE, \ a. [L. bis and radiatus.] Having two 
BT-RA UI-A-TED, i rays. 
BIRCH, 71 [Sax. iirce.] A genus of trees, the iefu/a, of 

which there are several species. 

HiRCIl'FN i "• Made of birch ; cona'^ting of birch. 

BlItCH wfiNE, 71. Wine made of the vernal juice of 

BIRl), 71. [^ax.bird, or bridd, a chicken.] 1. Properly, a 
chicken, the young of fowls, and hence, a small fowl. 2. 
In modern ttse, anv fowl, or flying animal. 

BlUn, II. t. To catch birds. Shak. 

Bird iif paradise. A g"nus of birds, found in the Oriental 
isles, some of them remarkably beautiful. 

ntlfl) UdET, 71. An arrow for shooting birds. 

BIRD-CAGE, 71. A box or case for keeping birds. 

BtKD'CAEIi, 71. A little stick, cleft at one end, in which is 
|int a leaf of some plant, for imitating the cry of birds. 

Blltl) (" ATCH-ER, 71. One whoso employme'nt is to catch 
birdri ; a fowler. 

BIKli -CATCII-IXG, 71. The art of taking birds. 

BIRll'-f'HI'.R-RY, 71. A tree, a species of iirvuus. 

BIRDER, II. A bird catcher. 

BIRJV-EVr., or lilRDS-EYE, a. Seen from above, as if by 
a Ihiiijr liiid. Burke. 

BIRD KVl'.D, fl. Of quick sight. 

liiKD'-l'AN <'I-ER, 71. One who deliphte in bh-ds. 

niRD'lNG-PlP.CE, 71. A fowling piece. 

ntRD'-EIKE, a. Resembling a bird. 

BIRD -EIME, 71. A viscous substance, used to rnfch birds. 

BIRD'-IjIMED, a. Smeared with bird-llino ; spread to en- 
snare. Iloirell. 

BIRD'-M AN, 71. A fowler, or bird catcher. 

BtRD'-PEP-KER, 71. A species of tJuinea |K'pper. 

BIRDS'EYE, 71. A genus of plants, call<>d also phtatanU- 

BIRDS FOOT, 71. A plant, the ormlhapiLs. 

BiKD^'F6(^T-TRE FOII,, 71. A gennii fif plants. 

BlliDfs'N'f'.ST, 71. 1 The nest in which a bird lays epsn, 
and hatches her younc. 2. A plant. — :i. In mnkerv, the 
nest of a small swallow, of China and the neighboring 
countries, delicately tasted, and esteemed a luxury. 

BiRDS'TARES, ) .. - , . 

BIRDS TONGu'e, 1 "■ ^^'^ of plantH 

BIRD -WIT-TED, a. Not having the faculty of attention 

BI-RE.ME , 71. [L. biremia.] A vessel with two baoks or t>ra 
ofoare. jVitford. 

BiKG'AN-DER, n. The name of a wUd goose. 

Bl-RHOM-BOID'AL, a. Having a surface composed of 
twelve rhombic face*. 

tBlRK'EN, r. t. [from birch. Sax. birce,byrc.] To beat 
with a birch or rod. 

BT RK.-^ 'i'RATE. ) a. [L. bis and rostrum.] Having a 

Bl-Ru.<'TRA-TLD, J double beak, or process resembling 
a beak. 

BIRT, 71. A fish, called also turbot. 

BIRTH, 71. [Hax. byrd, beortli.] 1. The act of ccming into 
life, or of being bom. Excejit in poetr)', it is geiienUly ap- 
plied to human beings. 2. Lineage ; extraction , de- 
scent. 3. The condition in which a person is Ijom. 4. 
That which is bom ; that which is produced, whether 
animal or vegetable. 5. The act of bringing forth 6. 
Origin ; beginning. 

BiRTll, BERTH, 71. A station in which a ship rides. Sei 

BIRTII'D.W, 71. 1. The day in which any person is bom 
2. 1'he same day of the month in which a person was 
bom, in every succeeding year. 

tBiRTHilUXM, 71. Privilege of birth. Shak. 

BIRTH'ING, 71. Any thing added to raise the sides of a 

BIRTH'.NIGHT, «. The night in which a pereon Ls bom ; 
and the anniversary of that night in succeeding years. 

BHtTH'PLACE, 71. The town, city, or country, where a 
person is b<im. 

BiRTlI'RKillT, 71. Any right or privilege to which a per- 
son is entitled by birth. 

BiRTH'-i^O.NCi, 71. A song sung at the birth of a person. 

BUnil -STRAM-GLEU, a. .Strangled or suffocated in being 
born. Shak. 

BiRTH'WORT, 71. A genus of plants, aristolochia. 

BI'.'^A, or BI'ZA, 71. A coin of Pegu, of the value of half a 
ducat ; also, a weight. 

BISCO-TI.N, 71. fFr.] .^ confection, made ol flour, sugar, 
niamielade, and eggs. 

BI.S'CUIT, (bis'kit) 71. [Fr. ; compounded of L. bis, twice, 
and ri/i(, baked.] 1. A kind of bread, fomied into cakes 
and baked hard for seamen. 2. A cake, variously made, 
for the use of private families. 3. The body of an earth- 
en vessel, in distinction from the glazing. 

BI SECT', r. (. [L. iis and seco.] To cut or divide into 
two parts. 

BI,<i:c'J' r.l), pp. Divided into two equal parts. 

BT SI'.C'J''1.\(;, ppr. Dividing into two equal parts. 

Bl-sr.C 'I'lOX, 71. The act of cutting into two e<iual parts ; 
llie division of anv line or quantity into two equal p.irts. 

BI .<1X; .ME.NT, 71. One of the [Kirts of a lino, divided into 
two equal parts. 

BI-SEXOUS, a. Consisting of both sexes. Brown. 

BFSH'OP, 71. [L. episcopiLS ; Cr. rriffxoTof ; Sax biscpp.] 1 
.\n overseer ; a spiritual supenntendrnt, raler. or director. 
2. In the primitire church, a spiritual overseer ; an eldei 
or presbyter ; one who had the jiastoral care of a church. 
:i. In tlie Orerk, Latin, and some I'rotestam churchfs, a 
prelate, or person consecrated for the spiritua. government 
and direction of a diocese. 

BIHII'OP, 71. A cant word for a mixture of wuie, oranges, 
and sngai. Swift. 

BIl?ll OP, r. t. I. To confirm ; to admit solemnly into the 
church. 2. Among horse-dealers, to use ans to make on 
old horse look like a young one. 

BISHOP-LIKE, a. Resembling a bishop; belonging to a 

BISIPOP-LY, a Belonging to a bishop. 

BISH OP-RIC, 71. [Ai.-A,.;i and riV.] 1. A diocese ; the db- 
trirt over whiiii the jurisdiction of a bishop extends. 2. 
The charge of instmcting and governing in Hplrilual con- 
cerns , ollice 

BISII'OI'S-WEED, 71. A genus of plant.s, with the generic 
name nmvii. 

B1SII'01'S-VV(')RT, 71. A plant. 

BISK, 11. [Fr. Ai.-v^wcl Pou|) or broth, made by boiling sere 
nil sorts of flesh together. 

BISK'ET, II. A bisriiil. This orthogrnphy is adopted by 
innnv respectable writer*. 

BIi"Mi'TII, 71. [<;. iri.«.«iii«/A.l .A niPlnl of a yellowish, or 
reddish-while color, and 11 Inmellar texture. 

BIS'MC I'll All, a. CiinKlsliim of lib>muth, or containing il. 

BI.« Ml'-TIIU', n. Perlninlng to hixmulh. 

IIT'SON, II. [I..] A qiindrii(i<'<l nf the bovine genus, usually, 
but iinprciiierlv. railed the hufiilo. 

BIS.<i:X TIM'., ". fl-. bissriiilv>.] I.enpyear, every fouth 
year. In whirii n day Id ndiled to the month of hVbrunry 
oil arrmint of the excess of hours. Which the civil yeai 
roiilnins above 3<>.'> days. 

BIS .-^EX TILE, a. Pertninlng to the leap year 

♦ Hce Hvtwpsis. MOVE. BOQK. D6VE v-PULL.U.MTE — e as K ; G as J ; R as Z ; CH as 611 ; TH u Id i/lw < {JbatltH- 




Jtlll^'PON, a. [Snx. Aw"!".] Illliid. fihak. 

IllriTI'.U, II. I r'''. I)i.slrr.\ AiiiiiliK piuiilrrt, tlio burnt oil CX- 

tractoil fruiii Hi" t'x't "' wmid ; ri limwn |ilf{niciit. 
Dltf'X^lKT, «■ |1'- tiuitorta.] A pluiit, a h|m:c1uii u( patyilu- 

fium, or innny litwtlnl or niijrlrd. 
BI>*''r()li-ltV, '(l''i»''u-ry) n. |Fr. bisluui-i.] A itirglcal In- 

■truiiierit lor iimkiiig iiiciiiidiiii. 
DI.'^IJI.C'UU::*, u. [L. buulcuj.] Cluvcn-ruotcil.u swino or 

lir-Si;M'IIU-UF/r, n. in chnni^lni, a iuliihurcl with n 

iliiiiblu |ini|M>rtlon orsiilpliur. SilhiiKin. 
Ul'V, II. [Sax. bilul.] 'I'liu iron luirt of a lirlillu wlilcli U In- 
Hciti-'J III tlio nioulli of II liiipti;, iind il.H iipjiendugvH, to 
which tho rciiiH iiru riiMtcni-d. 
D\'y, V. t. 'J'li put u bridle iijkiii n lionie ; to put tlie bit in 

the niuutli. 
BIT, pret. nnd pp. ot bite. Sc'zoil or wounded by tho teeth. 
BIT, n. [Sax. bua.] 1. A hiiiiiII piece; a mouthful, or 
morsel , a fiitc. -J. A small piece of any substance. J. A 
small coin if the West lndi«». 1. 'J'lie point of an aiiKer. 
or other hon-r ; the ii(f .— Thin word is used, like jul and 
vhit, to express the smallest degree ; ;ia, be is not a bit 
wiser or better. 
BITl'll, n. [f^ax. hirra, hiccc, bier.] 1. The female of the 
canine kind, as of the do(!, wolf, and fux. 2. A name of 
reproach for a woman. I'opc. 
BITE, V. I. pret. bit ; pp. bit, bitten. [Sax. bitan.] 1. To 
break or crush with the teeth, as in eating ; to pierce with 
the teeth, as a serpent ; to seize with the teeth, as a dog. 
2. To pinch or pain, as with cold. 3 To repro.ich with 
sarcasm ; to treat with severity by words or writing. 4. 
To pierce, cut, or wound. 5. To make to smart. IJ. To 
cheat ; to trick. Pope. 7. To enter the ground, and bold 
fast, as the bill and palm of an anchor. 
BITE, n. 1. The seizure of any thing by ti.e teeth of an an- 
imal. 2. The wound made by the teeth. 3. A morsel : 
a mouthful. 4. A cheat ; a trick; a fraud. [Ji loieicord.] 
c,. A sharper ; one who cheats. 
BIT'ER, n. 1. One who bites ; that which bitee ; a fish 

apt tn take bait. 2. One who cheats or defrauds. 
Bl-TERN'ATE, a. [h. bis and teriius.] In botany, doubly 

BITING, ppr. Seizing, wounding, or crushing with the 
teetli ; pinching, paining, causing to smart with cold ; re- 
proachuig with severity, or treating sarcastically ; cheat- 
BIT IN'G, a. Sharp ; severe ; sarcastic. 
BIT'ING-LY, adv. In a sarcastic or jeering manner. 
BIT'LESS, a. Not having a bit or bridle. Fanshatc. 
BIT'MOUTH, n. The bit, or that part of a bridle wkich is 

put in a horse's mouth. 
BITTA€LE, n. The box for the compasses and lights on 

board a ship. See Binnacle. 
BIT'TEN, (bit'tn) pp. of bite. Seized or wounded by the 

teeth ; cheated. 
BIT'TER, o. [Sax. biter.] 1. Sharp or biting to the taste ; 
acrid; like wormwood. 2. Sharp; cruel; severe; as, 
bitter enmity, tieb. i. 3. Sharp, as words j reproachful ; 
sarcastic. 4. Sharp to the feeling ; piercuig ; painful ; 
that makes to smart. 5. Tainful to the mind ; calami- 
tous ; poignant. G. Afflicted ; distressed. 7. Hurtful ; 
very sinful. 8. MoumfHiI ; distressing ; espre.ssive of 
BIT'TER, n. A substance that is bitter. See Bitters. 
BIT'TER. n. In marine language, a turn of the cable which 

is rouna the bitts. 
f BIT'TER-FL'L, a. Full of bitterness. 
BIT'TER-GoURD, n. A plant, a species ofcucumis. 
BIT'TER-Isn, n. Somewhat bitter; bitter hi a moderate 

degree. GoliUmith. 
BIT TER-ISH-NESS, n. The quality of being moderately 

bitter. Encuc. 
BIT'TER-L\, a<fr. 1. With a bitter taste. 2. In a severe 
manner ; in a manner expressing poignant grief. 3. In a 
manner severely reproachful ; sharply ; severely ; an- 
BIT'TERN, n. [D. butoor.] A fowl of the gallic order, the 
ardra stcllaris. It has long legs and neck, and stalks 
anions reeds and sedge, feeding upon fish. 
BITTERN, n. [from it»f.] In salt tcorks, tlie brine re- 
maining after the salt is concreted. 
PIT TER..\ESS", n. 1, A bitter taste ; or ratlier a quality in 
things which excites a biting, disagreeable sensation in the 
tongue. 2. In a^Vuratipe .<eHaf, extreme enmity, grudge, 
hatred. 3. Sharpness ; severity of tein[>er. 4. Keenness 
of reproach ; • piquancy ; biting sarcasm. 5. Keen sor- 
row -, painful aiSiction ; vexation ; deep distress of 
BIT TER?, n. A liquor in which bitter herbs or roots are 

BIT'TER-SALT, n. Ei>snm salt. 
BIT TER-SI'XR, n. RhomUspar, a mineral. 
BiT'TER-SWEET, ii. .\ BjHicies of solarium, a slender, 
climbing plant. F.ncyc. 

HIT'TKR-VKTf;il, «. 1. A ii[icc1mi of rrmm. or lentil, cuL 

tivalrd for foddirr. '2 A Keiiuii uf pl.'iiitii, Known by the 

griirrir name orobiu. 
IHT'TKU-kVoU'l" n. The plant cillrd gentian. 
lllTTOI.R.or IIIT'TOK, n. 'i he (/U(rr«. JJryden. 
lUT'i'.S, n. plu. A friiiic of two iilroi.g piecea of linitier fixed 

|H;r|iendiciil:irly in the fore luirt of n Hliip, on which to Ci»- 

leii the uibliM4, wiien hIh: ridiii at anchor. 
BI'l"!', r. (. 'i'o put round the lulta ; on, to bill the cable. 
UI-TfrME' n. Ilituiiien, ho written for the sake of th* 

rhyme. May. 
Bl Tf'.M El), «. Smeared with pitch. Shak. 

* IIIT'I' .ME.N, I n. 1 1..] ThiM iiaiiic U uiied to denrite va- 

* BI-'J'O .MEN, ) riiiUHiiillaininableHubiitaiic«fi,of antrong 
Nincll, and of different conHUtencien, which are found in 
the cartli. 

Ill Tf '.Ml NATE, r. I. To impregnalc with bitumen. 

Itl'Tf' .MI-.NA TKIi, a. Impregnaled with bitumen. 

IlI-TIJ-.MI-NII" ER (jLS, a. Producing bitumen. A'iriran. 
UITO'MI-.MZE, r. t. 'i'o form into, or impregnate with 

bitumen. J. it. Mag. 
BI-'J'O'.Ml-.N'OI'S, a. Having the qualiticH of bitumen ; 
compounded with bitumen ; coiitai.iiiig bitumen. 

BI'VALVE, n. An animal having two valvea, or a shell 
consisting of two partx, which open and shut. 

ing two shells or valves which open and shut, as the oys- 
ter, and the seed cases of certain plants. 

BI-VAI-IiT'ED, a. [L. bis, and vault.] Having two vaults 
or arches. Barlow. 

BI-VENT'IIAL, o. [L. bis and reiUer.] Having two bellies. 

BIV'1-UUS, a. [h.bivius.] Having two ways, or leading 
two ways. 

BlV'UU.Ve, (biv'wak) n. [Fr.] The guard or watch of a 
whole army, as in cases of great danger of surprue or at- 

BIV'OU.\e, (biv wak) r. t. To watch, or be on guard, as a 
whole army. 

BIX'WoRT, n. A plant. 

BIZANTINE. See Btzastine. 

BLAB, V. t. [\V. ffaiaru.] 1. Toutterortell in a thought- 
less manner ; to publish secrets or trifles without discre- 
tion. 2. To tell or utter ; in a good sense. HAak. 

BLAB, V. i. To tattle ; to tell tales. Sltak. 

BLAB, n. .\ babbler ; a telltale ; one who betrays secrets 

BLAB BER, n. A tattler ; a telltale. 

t BL.VBiBER, V. i. 1. To whistle to a horse. 2. To falter ; 
to fib. 

BLAB'BER-LIPPED. See Blobber-lipped. 

BL.\B'BING, ppr. Telling indiscreetly what ought to be 
concealed ; tattling. 

BL.\eK, a. fSax. 4/uc,and i/<rf.] L Of the color of night ; 
destitute ot light ; dark. 2. Darkened by clouds. 3. Sul- 
len ; having a cloudy look or countenance. 4. Atrocious- 
ly wicked ; horrible. 5. Dismal ; mournful ; calamitous. 
— Black and blur, tlie dark color of a bruise in the tlesh, 
which Is accompanied with a mixture of blue. 

BL.^eiC, Ji. 1. That which is destitute of light or white- 
ness ; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color. 
2. A negro ; a person whose skin is black. 3. .\ black 
dress, or mourning. 

BLACK, r. t. To make black ; to blacken ; to soil. 

BL.\eK'.veT, 71. The English statute, 9 Geo. I., which 
makes it felony to appear armed in any park or warren, 
&.C., or to hunt or stead deer, &.C., with the face blacked 
or disguised. 

BL.\€K'.\-MoOR, n. A man by nature of a black complex- 
ion. Locke. 

BL.VeK -BALL, n. A composition for blacking shoes. 

BL.\eK'-B.\LL, r. t. To reject cir negative in choosing, by 
putting black IxUls into a ballot-box. 

BL.^t'K B.VR, n. .\ plea obliging the plaintiff to assign the 
place of trespass. 

BL.VCK'-BER RIED-IIK.VTH, n. A plant. 

BLACK -BERRY, n. [Sax. blacberian.] The berrj- of the 
bramble, or rutrts. 

BL.VCK -BIRD, n. A species of bird ; a singing bird with 
a fine note. 

BL.\CK'-BOOK, n. 1. The .BJaci-Bool of the exchequer in 
England, composed in 117.'). 2. Any book which treats of 
necromancy. 3. .\ book compiled by order of the visitors 
of monasteries, under Henry VIII., containing a deuiiled 
account of the enormities practised in religious houses, to 
btarkrn them, and to hasten their dissolution. 

BL.\CK'-BRO\VEn, a. Having black eye-brows ; gloomy; 
dismal ; threatening. 

BLACK'-ltRY'O-NY, n. A plant ; the tamus. 

BLACK -C.\I*, n. 1. .V bird, the mock-nightingale. 2. In 
cookery, an apple roasted till black. 

BL.VCK -e.\T-TLE, n. Cattle of the bovine genus, as bulls, 
oxen, and cows. [English.] 

BL.-VCK-CHALK, (black'chawk'; n. A mineral of a bluish- 
black < olor'i a variety of argillaceous slate. 

♦ See Sy^oBsif ;^, E, r, O, C, Y, long.—F.KH, F,\LL, ^V^.^T i— PREY i— PIN, M-\RtNE, BIKD ;— t Qlnolett. 


BLAGK-eoeK, n. A fowl, called also llack-grous and 

BLACKT-eA-GLE, n. In Scotland, a name given to the 

faUo fuli-u.s. 
BLAfK EAKTU, n. Mold ; earth of a dark color. 
BLACKKU, (blakt) pp. Made black ; soiled. 
BLA€KKN, (blak'kn) v. t. [t^ax. bla-can.] 1. To make 
black. Franklin. 2. To make dark ; to darken ; to 
cloud. 3. To soil. 4. To sully reputation ; to make in- 
(51, \€K KN, V. i. To grow black, or dark. 
BLACK EN-ER, n. He that blackens. 
BLA€K'-E?ED, a. Having black eyes. 
BLAGK'-KACED, a. Having a black face. 
BLA€K'-F1.^H, n. 1. A fish in the Orontes. 2. A fish 

caught on the rocky shores of New-England. 
BLA€K'-FOR-EST, n. A forest in Germany. 
BLAGK'-FRl-AR, n. A name given to the Dominican or- 
der, called also preaching friars. 
BLAGK'-GUARD, n. A vulgar term applied to a mean fel- 
low, who uses abusive, scurrilous language, or treats oth- 
ers with foul abuse. 
BLAGK'ING, ppr. Making black. 
BLAGK'ING, n. A substance u.sed for blacking shoes ; any 

factitious matter for making things black. 
BLAGK'ISH, a. Somewhat black ; moderately black or 

BLAGK'-J.'VCK, 71. I. A name given by miners to iicni/. 

2. A leathern cup of old times. 
BLAGK'-LEAU, n. A mineral of a dark steel-gray color, 

called plumbago, 
BL.\GK'-LEGS, n. In seme parts of England, a disease 

among calves and sheep. 
BL.VGK'LY, alia. Darkly ; atrociously. 
B1..\GK'-MA1L, n. 1. A certain rate anciently paid, in 
the north of England, to certain men, who were allied to 
robbers, to be by them protected from pillage. 2. Black- 
rent, or rents paid in corn or tlesh. 
BL.\GK'-M6\-DAY, n. Easter Monday, in 34 Ed. III., 
which was misty, obscure, and so cold that men died on 
horseback. Stoicc. 
BE.VGK -.MANKS. A name given to the Benedictines. 
BEACK'-MOOR, n. A negro ; a black man. 
BLAGK'- .MOUTHED, a. Using foul or scurrilous language. 

Kill ill irherk. 
BL.XGK'N'ESS, n. The quality of being black ; black color ; 

dirkness ; atrociousness or enormity in wirkcdness. 
I BIi.\GK'-l'iiU-I'LED, a. Having people of a black color. 

San (Ills. 
ELAGK'-PUD-DING, n. A kind of food made of blood and 

BLAGK'-ROD, n. [black and rod.] In England, the usher 
belonging to the order of the garter ; so railed from the 
black rod which he carries. He is of the king's cliamber, 
and usher of parliament. 
BI,,\GK'-Sr,.\, 11. The Eu.xine sea. 
BL.M'K'-.'^liEEP, Ji. In oriental history, the ensign or 

standard of a race of Turkmans. 
BL.VGK'-ijMITH, 71. A smith who works in iron, and 

makes iron utensils ; more properly an iron-smitk. 
BLAGK'-TAIL, 71. A fish, a kind of perch. 
BLAGK'-TIIORN, n. A species of prnmis, called also sloe. 
BI.i.'\GK'-Tl>f, 71. Tin ore, when dressed, stamped, and 

washed, ready for melting. 
BL.\GK'-VIS-AGED. a. Having a dark visage. 
BEAGK'-WADD, n. An ore of manganese. 
BLAGK'-VVArK, 71. Iron wrought by blacksmiths. 
BLAD-AP-l'LE, 71. In botany, a species o( cactus. 
BLAD'DER, 71. [fax. bUdr, bladra, bleddra.] 1. A thin, 
membranous bag in animals, which serves as the recepta- 
cle of some secreted fluid, as the urinary bladder, the gull 
bladder, &.C. By way of eminence, the word, in common 
language, denotes the urinary bladder. 2. Any vesicle, 
blister, or pustule, especially if filled with air, or a thin, 
watery liquor. 3. In botany, a distended, membranaceous 
Z»LAO'l)KKEn, n. Pwelled like a bladder. 
»»I,A1) DER-M'T, 71. .\ genus of plantn. 
BE.M) l)ER-i^EN-iN',\, or bastard-senna, a genus of plants, 

called, in botany, ro/u/c". 
BL.\I) l)ER-V, a. Resembling a bladder. 
BE.MIE, 11. f!^a.T. blird, hlrd.] I. The stalk or spire of n 
plant. 2. A leaf. 3. The cutting p;irl of an instniment, 
as t\ie blade of a knife, or sword. I. The blade of the 
shoulder, shoulder-blade, or blade-bone, is the scapula, or 
scapular bone. 5. A brisk man ; a Imld, forward man ; a 
BLADE, V. t. Tc Ainiish with a blade. 
BLADE'-BONE, n. 'Ihe«f(iy)H/u, orupiMirbono in the shoul- 
BL.\1)'ED, pp. 1. Having a blade or hl.ades.— It may bo used 
of blade in the sense of a leaf, a spire, or the ruttina part 
of an instrument. — 2. In miiicraUujy, cnniiHi.-ied of long 
and narrow plates, like the blade of a knife. 

91 BLA 

BLADE'-SMITII, 71. A sword cutler. 

BLAIN, 71. [f-siX. bltgene i \i. blein.\ A piutule ; a botch 

a blister. 
BLAKE, a. Yellow. Grose. [Korth of England.] 
BLA'MA-BLE, a. Faulty ; culpable ; reprehensible, deserv 

ing of censure iJrydcn. 
BLA MA-BLE-NEt;s, 71. Culpableness •, fault. 
BLa'iMA-BLY, ado. Gulpably ; in a manner deserving o( 

BL.'VME, V. t. [Ft. blilmer.] 1. To censure; to eipreM 
disapprobation of; to liud fault with. 2. To bring i» 
proach upon ; to blemish ; to injure. [Obs.] Spenser. 
BL.\iME, 71. 1. Censure ; reprehension ; imputation of a 
fault ; disapprobation ; an expression of di.'apprnbalioM. 2 
Fault ; crime ; sin ; that which is deservmg ol censure or 
disapprobation. 3. Hurt ; injury. — '/'« blame, in tli« 
phrase, he is to blame, signifies blamable L3 be blamed 
BLA.MED, pp. Censured ; disapproved. 
BLA.ME FUL, a. Faulty ; meriting blame ; reprehensible. 
BLAME LEt^S, a. Without fault ; innocent ; guiltier ; not 

meriting censure. 
BLA.ME LE.S^LY, adc. Innocently; without fault. 
BLaME LEyS-.NEJSS, 71. Innocence; a stale of being not 

worthy of censure. Hammond. 
BLAM ER, n. One who blames, finds fault, or cersures. 
BLAME WOR'fHl-NESri, n. 1 he quality of deservuig cen- 
BLA.ME \V6R THY, a. Deserving blame ; censurable ; cul- 
pable ; reprehensible. 
BLAM'li\(;, ;<;jr. Censuring; finding fault. 
BL.WG'ARD, 71. [Fr. i/a«c.] A kind of linen cloth, man- 
ufactured in Normandy. 
BLANCH, V. t. f Fr. blanchir.] 1. To whiten ; to take out 
the color, and make while; to obU'erate. 2. To slur; 
to balk ; to |)nss over ; that is, to avoid ; to make empty. 
[ OA.sJ 3. To strip or peel. 
BLANCH, V. i. To evade ; to shift ; to speak Bollly ; to be 

reserved ; to remain blank, or empty. 
BLANCHED, pp. Whitened. 
BLANCH ER, 71. One who whitens ; also, one whoanneala 

and cleanses money. 
BLANCH-I.MiE-TER, 11. [blanch, and Gr. pcrpov.] An in- 
strument for measuring tlie bleaching power of oiymuriala 
of lime and poliuh. 
BLA.NCH l.\G, jipr. Whitening. — In coinage, the opentioD 

of giving brightness to pieces of silver. 
BLANC-MAN-GER, (blo-monje>) [Fr. irhitefood.] Incook- 
cry, a preparation of dissolved isinglass, millc, sugar, 
cinnamon, &.C., boiled into a thick consistence, and gar- 
nished for the table with blanched alimuids. 
BLAND, a. [L. blandus.] Mild ; soft , gentle ; as, bland 

BL.VND-A TION, 71. .A piece of flattery. Camden. 
BLAND-II, O-aUENCE, 71. [L. blandus and loquvr.] Fair, 

mild, flattering speech. 
BLAND ISH, V. I. [L. blandior ; Old Eng. blandise ; Chan- 
cer.] To soften ; to cares> ; to flatter by kind words or 
aflectionate actions. 
BLAND ISH-ER, 71. One that flatters with soft word.^. 
BLAND'ISH ING, ppr. Soothing or flattering with fab 

BLAM) I.^H-ING, 71. Blandishment. 

BLAND IISH-MENT, «. Soft words; kind speeches; CA 
resses ; expression of kindness ; words or actions expre*- 
sive of aflection or kindness, and tending to win the 
BL.\NK,a. [Ft. blanc] 1. Void; empty; consequently 
white ; as, a blank paper. 0. While or uale. 3. I'ale 
from fear or terror; hence, confused; comounded ; dis- 
pirited ; dejected. 4. Without rhyme ; as, blank verso 5 
Pure ; entire ; complete. t>. Not containinj! balls or bullet* 
BLANK, H. I. Any void space; a void S|ince on pa- 
per, or in any written instrument. 2. .\ U<\ by which 
nothing is gained ; a ticket in a lottery which drnwa 
no prize. 3. A paper unwritten. 4. .\ pajM-r coninin- 
ing the substance of a legal instrununl, as a deed, 
with vacant spaces left to be filled, ."i. The |i«int to 
which an arrow is directed, marked with « hile |i:i(»er. 
[lAttle\ised.] (5. Aim; shot. [Obs.] T. object to 
which any thing is directed, f-. .\ small copper coin for- 
merlv current in France.— Point blank, in funnery, the 
shot of a gun leveled Imrizonlally. 
BL.\.N'K, r. (. l.To make void ; lo annul. Spenser. 9. To 
deprive of color, the index of health and spiriln ; to damp 
the spirits ; to dispirit or confiiiM'. 'IMlotson. 
BLANKED, pp. Confused ; dispirited. 

BLA.N'K E'l , 1'. I ••'■■ blonchet.] I. A cover for a bed, 

maile of wool. 2. .V kind of pear. 3. Among printers, 

woolen cloth or wliitu bairv, to lay brlween the lyiiipans 

BL-\.N'K I'.T, '•• '• I. Totiws ina blanket by way of piiiiisli 

nieiil ; <"> annent custom. 2 I'o cover with H blanket. 
BL A.NK I'.T ING, ppr. Towiiiig in a bl.'inkel. 
I1L.\NK I'.T I.Ni;, K. I. Thf punishment of tossing .n « 
blanket. 2. Cloth for blankeu. 

• oee 01/rwpns. MO V Ji, BQt^K, DOVE ,-BtII^L, UNITE — € M K •, G 08 J ; 8 m Z ; CH as SU ; TU as ip this, t ObiolHt 



tU-'^NK'I.V, adn. In a blank manner -^ with palcnfim or 

III.AKL:, p. I. ['IIJ lMt\c., btarni ; 'JVut. blarren.] I 1" 
ronr ; 't<> li<-ll<>w. [l.uUe luci/.J '2. To iwoal, ur melt 
nwiiy, im n ciuidlc. 
III.AKlf, n. I. K".ir ; nniiie. [l.illle u^cd.] llarloir. it. A 

Hiiiiill c.ipper coin of ll«*rn. 
HI. ASH, V. t. [^t{ the same origin n» jtltuth.] To Kpiittor. 

111. ASHY, a. Dirty; wet. (Vnren duilect. Tliiii ; poor; 

tui, lila.ihii niilli, or Iteer. Grose. 
IJLAS riliiiMi: r. t. \{',\,ioip>inth).] I. ToHlMWik ofthp 
Supreme llelnR in terms of iiiipioiiH Irrcvercnre. U. To 
Bpcnk evil of; to utter iiliUKe or ciilumny agaiuMt ; to 
speak repronclirully of. 
ULAS rilKMIi, iM. I. To ullerbliLiplKiny. 2. To arro- 
gate the preroftiiti veil of Cod. 
BL.\S-I'1Iic.MI;K, ». om^ who liltLsphemeH ; one who 

R[)eak8 of (!od in iniriiouH nnrt irreverent terms. 
BLAS-Pllf;M I.N'C, /'/T. Uttering impious or reproachful 

wortl.f coMferning (Jod. 
ULAS I'lli; .MolIS, a. Containing hla-sphemy ; calumnious ; 

impiously irreverent to (lod. 
ULAS IMIK MOCS-LV, arfr. Impiously; with impious ir- 
reverence to (Jod. 
BLASrillvMV, n. 1. An indignity ofTered to God by 
words or writing. 2. That which derogates from the pre- 
rogatives of (Jod. 
BL.KST, n. [Sax. bltest.] 1. A gust or puff of wind ; or a 
sudden gust of wind. 2. The sound made by blowing a 
wind instrument. 3. Any pernicious or destnictive intlu- 
cnre upon animals or plants, t. The infection of any 
thnig pestilential ; a bight on plant'?. 5. A sudden com- 
pression of air, attended with a shock, caused by the dis- 
charge of cannon. H. A forcible stream of air from the 
mouth, from a bellows, or the like. 7. A violent explosion 
of gun|»>wder, in splitting rocks, and the explosion of in- 
flammable air in amine. 8. The whole blowing of a forge 
necessary to melt one supply of ore ; a common use of the 
word among trorkh.en in jforge^ in America. 
BL.KST, r. t. 1. To make to wither by some pernicious 
influence; to blight, as trees or plants. 2. To affect with 
some suaden violence, plague, or calamity, which de- 
stroys or causes to fail ; .ts, to blast pride or hopes. 3. To 
confound, or strike with force, by a loud bhisl or din. 4. 
To split rocks bv an explosion of gunpowder. 
BLAST EI), pp. Affected by some cause that checks growth, 
injures, impairs, destroys, or renders abortive; split by 
an explosion of gun-powder. 
BL.KST KR, n. He or that wlii'-h bla.«ts or destroys. 
BL.\ST ING, ppr. Affecting by a blast ; preventing from 
coming to maturity ; frustrating ; splitting by an explo- 
sion ot gun-powder. 
BLAST INU, H. A blast ; destruction by a pernicious cause ; 

\ BL.\ST'.ME.NT, n. Blast ; sudden stroke of some destruc- 
tive cause. Shak. 
fBLA'TANT, a. Bellowing as a calf. 
BL.\TCH. See Blotch. 

t BL.\T-ER-AT10X, H. [l..blateratio.'] Noise. Coles. 
BLATTER, r. i. To make a senseless noise. 
BLAT TER-F.R, n. .\ noisy, blustering boaster. 
BL.W, n. A small river fish, the bleak. 
BLAZE, 71. [Sax. fc/aif.l I. Flame; the stream of light 
and heat from any body when burning. 2. Publication ; 
wide diffusion of report. W. .\ white sp<it on the fore- 
head or face of a horse. 4. Light ; expanded light. 5. 
Noise ; agitation ; tumult. 
BLAZE, v.i. 1. To flame. 2. To send forth or show a 

bright and expanded light. 3. To be conspicuous. 
BLAZE, I), t. I. To make public far and wide. 2. To 
blazon. [M'ot used. See Blazom.] 3. To set a white 
mirk on a tree, by paring off a part of the bark. Todd 
BLXZED, pp. Published far and wide. 
BLAZ'ER, n. One who publishes and spreads reports. 
BLaZ INC;, ppr. Flaming ; publishinc far and wide. 
BLAZ INC, a. Emitting flame, or light. 
BLAZ INC-STAR, n. A comet ; a sUu- that is accompanied 

with a coma, or train of light. 
BLA'ZON, (blazn) r.t. [fr. blasonner.] 1. To explain, 
in proper terms, the figures on ensigns armorial. 2. To 
deck; to emliellish ; to adorn. 3. To display ; to set to 
show ; to celebrate by words or writing. 4. To blaze 
about ; to ma^e public far and wide. 
BLA'ZON, 71. I. The act of drawing, describing or explain- 
ing coat3 o( arms. 2. Publication ; show ; celebration ; 
pnmpous display. 
BLAZONED, (bl'i'znd) pp. Explained, decyphered in the 
manner of heralds ; published abroad ; displayed pom- 
BLA ZO.V-ER. (I)lazn-cr^ n. One that blazons; a herald ; 

an evil speaker, or propaeator of scandal. 
BLA'Z(>N-L\G, ppr. Explaiiiinc, describing as heralds ; 
(bowing ; publishing ; bla/.iiig abroad ; displaying. 

III.A ZON-UV, fbllzn ry) n The art of dencriblng coaU of 

nrroH in pro|M-r terniH. 
lU.DA, n. 1 Ik; part ol a tree which lu-« immediately under 

the bark, fliainhrm. 
BLisACH, V. t. (Sax. bUcan.] To whiten ; to make whlt4l 

or whiter ; to take out color. 
III.KACH, r. I. 'I'o grow white In any manner. 
IU.kACHED, (bleccht/ ;7>. VMilU-ned ; made white. 
ULKAtJH'EK, II. One who wliiteui, or whoM occupation 

In to wliili'ii cloth. 
IH.KAni i:it V, n. A place for bleaching. 
ill.KAl H LN(;, ppr. Whittrniiig ; making white ; becoming 

BLRAt'Il'LNG, ti. The act or art of whitening, eapeciallr 

BLftAK, a. [i^x.blac,hl<rr.] \. Pale, aouier. 2. Open; 
vacant ; exposed to a free current of air : a*, a bleak hlU. 
BLkAK, 71. A small river lisli, five or six inchea long. 
BLkAK'LY, adv. Coldly. Mav. 
BLkAK'NE.SS, 71. Openness of situation ; exposure to the 

wind ; hence, coldness. 
BLK.AK V, a. Ith-ak ; open ; unsheltered ; cold. 
BLil.Mt, (1. [D. btnar.] Sore, with a watery rbeum ; ap- 
plied only to the eyes. 
BLkAR, r.t. To make sore; to affect with aoreneaa of 

eyes, or a watery humor. Uryden. 
BLisAU ED-.M>S, II. 'i'he suite of being bleared, or dim- 
med with rheum. fUseman. 
BLk.AR EVKl), a. Having sore eyes ; having the eyei dim 

with rheum ; dim-sighted. 
BLl'5.\T, I', i. [Sax. bUetan.] To make the noise of a sheep } 

to^cry as a sheep. 
BLiv.'V T, 71. The cry of a sheep. 
HLRA'J' l.NC, ppr. or a. Crying as a 8hee{k 
BLiv.VT IN'(;, H. The cry of a sheep. 
BLEB, 71. A little tumor, vesicle or blister. 
BLEK'BV, a. Abounding with blebs. 
BLED, pret. and pp. of bleed. 

t BLEE, n. [Sax. bleo.] Color ; complexion. Spenser. 

BLEED, r. i. pret. ana pp. i/fd. [Sax. A/fdan.] 1. To low 

blood ; to run with blood, by whatever means. 2. To 

die a violent death, or by slaughter. 3. To issue forth, o» 

drop as blood, from an incision ; to lose sap, gum or juice. 

BLEED, t'. t. To let blood ; to take blood from, by opening 

a vein. 
BLEED ING, ppr. Losing blood ; letting blood ; losing sap 

or juice. 
BLEED ING, n. A runningor issuing of blood, as from the 
nose ; a liemorrhage ; the operation of letting blood, as in 
surgery ; the drawing of sap from a tree or plant. 
BLEIT, or HLATE, a [Ger. blSde.] Bashful ; used in 

Scotland and tlic north ftf England. 
BLE.M'ISH, v.t. 1. To mark with any deformity ; to in- 
jure or impair any thing which is well formed, or excel- 
lent ; to mar. 2. To tarnish, as reputation or character ; 
to defame. 
BLEM ISH, 71. 1. Any mark of deformity ; any scar or de- 
ftct th:it diminishes beauty. 2. Reproach ; disgrace ; 
that which impairs reputation ; taint ; turpitude ; de- 
BLE.M ISHED, pp. Injured or marred by any mark of de- 
formity ; tarnished ; soiled. 
BLEM ISH-I.NG, ppr. .Marking with deformity ; tarnishing. 
BLEM ISH-LE--^, a. Without blemish ; spotless. 
BLEM ISH-MEN'r, n. Disgrace. [L-ttle used.] 
BLENCH, V. i. To shrink ; to start back ; to give way. 

BLENCH, T. t. To hinder or obstruct, says .hknson. But, 

in the passage he cites, it means to render ineffectual. 
BLENCH, 71. A start. Shak. 
BLENCH ER, n. That which frustrates. 
BLENCH-HoLD-ING, ti. .A tenure of lands upon the pay- 
ment of a small sum in silver. 
BLEND, 71. [Ger. 6/cnrffii.] .\n ore of zink. 
BLEND, r.t. [Sax. blendian.] I. To mix or mingle to- 
gether; hence, to confound. 2. To pollute by mixture ; 
to spoil or corrupt. [OAs.] Spenser. 3. To blind. [Ot*.] 
BLEND, r.i. To be mixed ; to be united. Irring. 
BLENDED, pp. Mixed ; confounded by mixture. 
BLENDER, ii. One that mingles or confounds. 
BLENDING, ppr. Mingling together; confounding by 

BLEND OtT^!, a. Pertainine to blend. 
I BLE.ND -WATER, n. .\ distemper incident to cattle. 
' BLEN NY, ii. [.«ax. blinnan.] A genus of fishes, of tlie 
order of jiiyw/ar.*. 
BLENT. The obsolete participle of blrnd. 
BLf^SS, r. f. pret. and pp. ft/f-->vd, or WMf. [Pax. bled.Han.] 
I. To pronounce a wish of happiness to one ; to express 
a wish or desire of happiness. 2. To make happy ; to 
make successful ; to prosper in temporal concerns. 3. To 
make happy in a failure life. 4. To set ajiart or conse- 
'I crate to holy purposes; to make and pronounce holy. 
1 1 ."i. 1 J consecrate liy prayer ; to invoke a blessing upon 

*8st!ivno?^' 1, R,I. 0, T./ojif-.—FAR. FALL. WH^lT J— PKBY;—nN, MARINE, B!KD-,— f 0»m/«H 




6 To praiae ; to glorify, for benefits received. 7. To 
pralge ; to magnify ; to extol for excellencies. 

l!LE.S.<fc;u. pp. Made happy or prosperous -, extolled; pro- 
nounced happy 

ULE.-^ft'EU, a. Happy; prosperous in worldly affairs ; en- 
joying spiritual happiness and the favor of God ; enjoying 
heavenly felicity. 

nLi;.-^S i.U-THlt>TLE, n. A plant of the genus cnicus. 

liLKs-SKU-LV, adt. Happily ; in a fortunate manner. 

iJLKj^tf'KIJ-.N'ESS, n. 1. Happiness ; felicity ; heavenly 
joys ; the favor of God. 2. t^anctity. 

BLE.S.S KK, 71. One that blesses or prospers ; one who be- 
stows a blessing. 

RIjESS IXG, ppr. Making liappy ; wishing happiness to ; 
praising or extolling ; consecrating by prayer. 

IiljE5-.'>'ING, 71. 1. Benediction ; a wish of happinass pro- 
nounced ; a prayer imploring happiness upon another. 2. 
A solemn prophetic benediction. 3. Any means of hap- 
piness ; a gift, benefit or advantage. 4. Among the Jews, 
a present ; a gift. 

BLEST, pp. of blegs. 

BLEST, a. 1. Made happy. 2. Making happy: cheering. 

BLe TON-IS.M, n. The faculty of perceiving ana indicating 
subterraneous springs and currents by sensation ; so call- 
ed from one Blclon of France, who possessed this fac- 

BLk TON'-IST, 71. One who possesses the faculty of per- 
ceiving subterraneous springs by sensclion. 

BLEW, pret. of blow. 

BLkVME, 71. An inliammation in the foot of a horse, be- 
tween the sole and the bone. 

BLI-CkA, 71. A small fish. 

BLIGHT, (blue) 71. [qu. t^a.x. bl<rctha.] L A disease inci- 
dent to plants. 2. Any thing nipping or blasting. 

BLIGHT, (blltej r. t. To affect with blight ; to blast ; to 
prevent growth and fertility ; to frustrate. 

t BLl>f, V. I. [i^ax. blinnan.] To stop, or cease. 

BLIND, a. [Sax. fcii7i</.] I. Destitute of the sense of seeing; 
not having sight. 2. Not having the faculty of discern- 
ment ; destitute of intellectual light ; unable to under- 
stand or judge ; ignorant. ;i. Unseen ; out of public 
view ; private ; dark. -1. Dark ; obscure ; not easy to be 
found ; not easily discernible. 5. Heedless ; inconsider- 
ate ; undeliberating. Jay. 

BLI.N'D, V. t. I. To make blind ; to deprive of sight. 2. 
To darken ; to obscure to the eye. 'J. To darken the un- 
derstanding 4 To darken or obscure to tlie understand- 
ing. 5. To eclipse. 

BLIND, or BLINDE. See Blend, an ore. 

BLIND, 71. 1. Something to hinder the sight. 2. Some- 
thing to mislead the eye or the understanding. J. A 
skreen ; a cover. 

BLIND'ED, pp. Deprived of sight ; deprived of intellectual 
discernment ; made dark or obscure. 

BLlND'FoLD, a. H,iving the eyes covered ; having tlie 
mental eye darkened. 

BLlND'FoLD, r. t. To cover the eyes ; to hinder from 

BLIND'F5LD-ED, pp. Having the eyes covered ; hindered 
ft^om seeing. 

BLIND FoLD-ING, ppr. Covering the eyes; hindering 
from seeing. 

BLIND'ING, ppr. Depriving of sight, or of understanding ; 

BLINDLY, adv. 1. Without sight, or understanding. 2. 
Without discerning the reason; implicitly. 3. Without 

nLI.ND'MAN'St-BALL, n. A species of /ung-iw. 

BLIND MAN'S-BlJFF, 71. A play in which one person is 
blindfolded, and hunts out the rest of the company. 

BLIND NKSS, 71. Want of bodily sight ; want of intellectual 
discernment ; ignorance. 

BLIND NET-TLE, 71. A plant. 

liLINDi*, 71. hi the militanj art, a. defense made of osiers 
or branches interwoven, to shelter and conceal the work- 

RLIND-SER'PENT. ti. A reptile. 

IlLINDSIDE, 71. Tlie side which is most easily assailed ; 
weakness ; foible ; weak part. 

liLIND VES'SEL. \Vith fAcmi.<t.<, a vessel with an opening 
on one side only. 

PLTND WOR.M, 71. A small reptile. 

BLINK, V. i. [Sax. 6/irnn.] 1. To wink ; to twinkle with 
the eye. 2. To see obscurely. Juhnsun. To see with 
the eyes half shut. 

ni.TNK, 71. A glimpse or glance. Ifall. 

BLINK, 71. Blink of ice is the da7.7.ling whitcncRs about the 
horizon, occasioned by the rellection of light from fields 
of ice at sea. 

BLINK'ARD, 77. [blink, and ard, kind.] A person who 
blinks, or has bad eyes ; that which twinkles, or glances. 

BLINK L\G, ppr. Winking ; twinkling. 

BLISS, 71. [bai. 4/iss.] The highest degree of happiness ; 
blessednesi ; felicity ; heavenly joys. 

BLISS FIJI , a. FuU of Joy and felicity. 

BLISS FLL-LY, adv. In a blissful manner. 

BLLSri FI.L-.NESS, 71. Exalted happiness ; felicity , hiilne« 
of joy. Barroic. 

BLISS LESS, a. Destitute of bliss. Jlaichini. 

BLISSOM, V. i. [W. blys, blysiaic.] To be lustful ; to cat 
erwaul. [Little iLscd.] 

BLIS'TER. 71. [Ger. blase, and blatter.] ]. A poslule ; a 
thin bladder on the skin, conlainii.g watery matter or 
serum. 2. -Any tumor made by the separdiio:i of ihe lilm 
or skin, as on plants ; or by the swelling of the sub<ituuce 
at the surface, as on sieel. 3. A vesicatory ; a phuter ot 
tiies, or other matter, applied to raise a vesicle. 

BLISTER, V. i. To rise in blisters. Vrydm. 

BLISTER, p. t. 1. To raise a blister, by any hurt, bum m 
violent action upon the skin. 2. To raise tuinors on iron 

BLIS TERED, pp. Having blisters or tuinors. 

BLISTER-ING, ppr. Raising a blister; applying a Llistt,r 
ing plaster, or vesicatory. 

BLITE. 71. [L. blitum ; Gr. Phrov ] 1 A genus of plants, 
called slraicbcrry spiKac^. 2. A species of omarunlh, or 
flower gentle. 

BLITHE, a. [Sax. blithe.] Gay ; merry joyous ; spright- 
ly ; mirthful. 

BLri'HE'FI.L, a. Gay ; full of gayety. 

BLITHELY, adv. In a gay, joyful manner. 

BLITHE NESS, 71. Gayety ; sprightliness ; the quality of 
being blithe. 

BLITHE S6.ME, a. Gay; merrj- ; cheerful. 

BLITll E SOME-NESS, n. The quality of being blithesome ; 

BLo.VT, r. t. rW. blirth, a puff.] 1. To swell, or make 
turgid, as willi air ; to intlate ; to puff up ; hence, t* 
make vain. 2. To swell or make turgid witJi water or 
other means. 

BLo.'^T, V. i. To grow turgid ; to dilate. 

t BLoAT, a. Swelled ; turgid. 

BLo.\T El), pp. Swelled ; grow 11 turgid ; inflated. 

BLoAT ED-.\ESS, 71. A lurgid stale; turgiduess ; dilota 
tion from inflation, or any inurhid cause. 

BLOATING, ppr. Swelling; inflating. 

BLOB. 71. A bubble. See Bleb. 

BLOB'BER, 71. [Ir.pfu4,or p/uiiin.] A bubble: pronounced 
bv the common people in America, blubber. Careio. 

BLUB'BER-LII', 71. A thick lip. Dryden. 

BLoli'BEK LIPPED, a. Having thick lips. 

BLOB'TALE, 71. A telltale ; a blab. 

BLOCK, 71. [D. bloK i Ger. block.] 1. A heavy niece r% 
timber or wood, usually witli one plain surliice. 3 
Any mass of matter with an extended siirla'-e. 3 .■» 
massy body, solid and heavy. 4. The wixjdon which criiii 
iiials are beheaded. 5. Any obstruction, or cause of ob 
struction ; a stop ; hindrance ; obstacle. G. A piece of 
wood in which a pulley runs. 7. A blockhead ; a stupid 

BLOCK, V. t. [Ft. bloquer.] To inclose or shut up, so as to 
hinder egress or passage ; to stop up ; to obstruct. 

BLOCK-ADE', 71. [H. bloccalu.] The siege of a place, formed 
by surrounding it with hostile troops orshipo. 

BLOCKADE', v. t. To shut up a town or fortress by troops 
or ship?. 

BLoCK-.aD'ED, pp. Shut up or inclosed by an enemy. 

BLOCK-.XD'I.VG, p/ir. Bcsicgiiip by a blockade. 

BLOCK HEAD, ». A stupid fellow ; a dolt ; a peison defl- 
cicnt ill understanding. 

BLOCK HEAD i;i), a. «upid ; dull. Shak. 

BLOCK'IIEAI) EY,a. Like a blockhead. 

BLOCK llOl'Si:, 71. .\ house or fortress erected to block op 
a pass, and defend it against the entrance of an enemy. 

BLOCK ISII, a. Stupid ; dull ; dctitieiit in unUersloudlDg. 

BLOCK ISII-LY, adv. In a stupid manner. 

BLOCK ISH-NESS, 71. Stupidity ; dullness. 

BLdCK LIKE, a. Like ablock ; stupid. 

BLOCK 'J'L\, 11. Tin which is pure, and unwrouglit. 

BLfi.M A-RY, 71. The first forge through which iron passes, 
after it is melted from the ore. 

tBLtJNK ET, a. Gray. Spen.irr. 

BLOOD, 71. (S.ix.Sw.and Dan. bind: Ger. »/«(.] l.The 
fluid which circulates (lirough llie arteries and veins of 
the human body, anil of other aiiiniala, which is ensenlial 
to the preser\-aiion of lifi-. 2. Kindred ; relation by nat- 
ural descent from a rniiimon niireslor ; consanguinity. 
3. Royal liiieagi^ ; bbwd ro^nl. 4. Honorable birth ; high 
extractiiiii. Sliak. '>. I. lie. 0. Slaughter ; inurdcr, or 
bloodshcdding. 7. TeiniK-r of mind ; state of the iiassion-s ; 
but, ill this sense, accoin|ianied with cvld or irarm. t*. A 
liiit siKirk ; a rake. II. The juice of any thing, especially 
if red. 

BLooD, r.t. 1 . To let blood ; to bleed by opj'uine a vein. 
2. To stain with blood. 3. To enter ; to inure to blood ; as 
a hound. 4. To lieut the blood; to exus|>erate. [(/nu- 


BL60D -BE-^rOT TED, a. Spotted with blood. Shak. 

• Sec Synopsis. MOVE, Bt^QK, DOVE ,— BfJLL, UNITE.— C as K ; 6 as J ; S as 7, ; CII os SIl TH as in this. 1 0*#al«U 



r.l,(")f)n-nr)l.Ti:Ui:D, a. SnrlnkUil 
ir,Ot)l)-C()\ HOM'INU, a. UiixUnd i 

:il Willi IiUkmI. 
the liliioil. 
HhOol) I'AK pp. Illi-d ', Btuliiud wUli IiIimhJ ; itiurul to hloocl. 
!ll.60I>-I'I,')\V -Kll, II. Jl.rmanlhu.i. 
ltl,i')l)l)'-l''Kr> '/K.N, a. Iluviiig tlio liioixl chillrd. 
lll.(ii)l)-i;LIlLT'i-Nt'XH,n. 'i lie guill or crime orilioddini; 


111,1)1 lU HOT, (1. As warm as blood. In lu nntiiml temper 

U1.<')<>I)'-II()UND, n. A ipeciea of canij<, or dog, ri'iiiiirka)j|n 

liir till! iicuteiieas of its smell. 
I1L(')()I)-I LV, udr. In a liluody manner; cruelly; with 

n diiiposition tu slied lilimd. 
lil.DOl) I M>\"^, II. 'J'lic sUite of being bloody ; disposition 

to filed blood. 
DLoOl) l.\(;,/)/>r. Letting blood ; stoinlng with blood ; in- 

• i An III I. yi.i, pni 
iirinK to hliHid, an a Innind. 

ltl,(")i)lt I,I',.S-^, <i. I. Without blood; dead. 2. Without 
sli.ildiMi; of blood. :i. Without (ipirit or activity. I.r/r, ,.. (. To bleed ; to let biwd. 

lil.oOl) LK'I'-'I'KK, n. One wlio lets blood, as in diseases ; 
n plileb<4omiHt. tVidtman. 

nL(">OI)-LK''"-TINr., n. Tlic act of letting blood, or bleed- 
ing by in nine a vein. 

BLOODPIjn PiNti, n. A pudding made with blood and 
other materials. 

nLuOD-KEl), n. Red as blood. 

ULOOIV-Rtwr, n. A plant, so named from its color. 

t IlI.dOD'-SH.^-KEN, a. Having the blood put in commo- 
tipn. B. .loiison. 

ni,oon SIIKII, 71. The shedding or spilling of blood; 
Bl:\iieliler ; waste of life. 

lll.oo!>.'^lli;i)-nER, n. One who sheds blood. 

UI,(Mil)^:[IED-l)ING, 71. The sheddir? of blood ; the crime 
of stiedilini: blood. 

BL60l)'."^noT, a. Red and inflamed by a turgid state of tlie 
blood vessels. 

nL6on SUOT-TEN-NEPS, 71. The state of being blood- 
shotten, as applicable to the eye. 

BT.ix )li -STZEI), a. Smeared or sized with blood. 

1!I,OOI)-SN AKE, n. A species of snake. 

IJI.oOl) -Sl'AV-IN, 71. A dilatation of the vein that runs 
along the inside of the hock of a horse. 

BLcVJD'-STAINED, a. t^tained with blood ; also, guilty 
of murder. 

BL60D'STONE, ti. A stone, imagined, if worn as an am- 
ulet, to be a good preventive of bleeding at the nose. 

BLoOlKSUCK-ER, 71. Any animal that sutks blood, as a 
loti-n, a fly, &c. A cruel man ; a inurderer. 

BLnOO'-SUCK-ING, a. That sucks or draws blood. 

ni.()OI)'-.S\VOLN, a. Sufl"used with blood. 

BL60D'-THiRS-TY, a. Desirous to shed blood ; murder- 

BIi6f)D'-VES-PEL, 71. Any vessel in which blood circu- 
lates in an animal body; an artery or a vein. 

BT.rton-VVARM, a. Warm a.s blood ; lukewarm. 

BL6on-VVi'rE, 71. in ancient law, a fine paid as a compo- 
sition for the shedding of blood. 

BLi'XiD'-WOOD, 71. A name given to log-wood, from its 

Bl.<')OIV\V6RT, 71. .\ plant, a species of riim^z. 

BLo< ID Y, a. 1. Rained with blood. 2. Cruel ; murderous ; 
piven to the shedding of blood ; or having a cruel, savage 
(lisiKisition. 3. .Attended with bloodshed ; marked by 

BI.OOD'Y, r. t. To stain with blood. Orerburij. 

BL^OD'Y, adr. Very ; as, bloody sick, bloody drunk. [ This 
is- rery piilirar.] 

BLAOI) V-EVEI), a. Having bloody or cniel eyes. 

BLrtoD Y-FACED, n. Having a bloody face or appearance. 

BlidrTt'Y-FLUX, 71. The dvsenlery. 

\ RL(, JIVY-FLUXED, a. Afllirted with the bloody-flux. 

B1.60UV-HAND, 71. A hand stained with the blood of a 
deer. J}sli. 

Bl.oon V-HUNT-TNO, a. Hunting for blood. 

lU.rtOlvV-MiND-Er), n. Having a cnicl, ferocious disposi- 
tion 'larbarous ; inclined to shod blood. 

r.l.uO,, V-REK, a. llavinc the colour of blood. 

Bl.('>o|)'V-.<CEl'TUEn, u. Having a sceptre obtained by 
blood ni slaughter. Shah: 

BL('>ol) Y-i«WEAT, n. .\ sweat, accompanied by a dis- 
charire of blood ; also a disease, called siceativir ,«irAnf.-v. 

BLOOM, 71. [Ooth. hlom,!.] I. Blossom ; the flower of a 
plant ; an expanded bud. 9. The opening of flowers in 
peiicml ; flowers open, or in a state (f blossoming. 3. 
Tb*- state of youth, resembling that of blossoms ; a state 
of opening manhood, life, beauty, and vigor. -1. The 
Mtie color upon plums and grapes newly gathered. 

liLOOM, r. 1. I. To produce or yield blossoms ; to flower. 
2. To be in a state of liealilifiil, growing youth and vig- 
or ; to show the beautv of youth. 

t BLOOM, r. /. To pot forthos blossoms. 

BLO'iM, 71. ;Sax. blnma.] A mass of iron that has passed 
the blomar/, or undergone the first hammering. 

BIXKjM'I.NCJ, ppr. rmcnloK 'n bloMoiim ; flowering ; Ihrlf- 
iiig ill llic heallli, beauty und vigor of yuuUi ; abuwlng 
the lieiiiitie'* of youth. 

IlLoo.MI.NtM.V. udr. In a blooming manner. 

IILOO.M V, u. lull of bliMim : llowery ; MourUhing with 
the vigor of youth ; as, a bloomy upruy ; bloomy beau- 

t HI/ORE, 71. 'I'ho uct of blowing -, a bb-ul. 

IILOHS(J.M n. [Hax. hlo^m.] 1. The (lower or corol of « 
plant ; a general tcriii, a|iplicablc lo every hu-cich of tree 
or plant. -J. TIiih word ih iiKed to denote the color of a 
liorHe, that Iiom Ins liuir white, but intermixed with norrel 
rind bay haini. 

BLOS'SOJI, r.i. 1. To put forth bloBSfims or flowers; to 
bloom ; to blow ; to flower. '2. To tlouriiih and prosper. 

IlLo.s'.>;o,M I.N(;,p;n-. I'uttiiig forth flowers ; blowing. 

BLOH'.-O.M I.NG, 71. The blowing or flowering of jilants. 

NiLoa.SOM-V, a. Full of blo«»om». 

BL(yr, tj. t. [lioth. blaiuhjan.] L To spot with ink; to 
stain or bespatter with ink. 2. 'I'o obliterate writing oi 
letters with ink. :t. To eflacc ; to erase ; to can*; to be 
unseen, or forgotten ; to destroy. 4. To stain with infa- 
my ; to tarnish ; to disgrace ; to disfigure. .'). 'I'o darken 

BLUl , 71. 1. A spot or Bluin on paper, unually applied to ink 
2. An obliteration of something written or printed. 3 
A spot in reputation; a stain ; a disgrace ; a reproach ; 
a blemish. 4. Censure ; scorn ; reproach. 5. In back- 
gammon, when a single man lies open to be taken up. 

BLOTCH, 71. [^■ax. blaelha.] A pustule upon the skin an 
eruption, usually of a large kind. 

BL0'1'(;H, f. I. To blacken. Harmar 

BLOi'E, r. t. To dry and smoke. 

BLoT'EI), pp. i^moked and dried. 

liLOT'l'EI), ;>/). Stained ; spotted ; erased. 

HLOT'TER, II. In counting houses j a waste Look. 

BLOTTl.\t;,p^r. Spotting with ink ; obliterating ; stain- 

BLoVV', 71. L The act of striking; more generally the 
stroke. 2. The fatal stroke ; a stroke kills ; hence, 
death. 3. An act of hostility. 4. A sudden calamity ; 
a sudden or severe evil. ."J. A single act ; a sudden event. 
n. An ovum, or egg deposited by a fly. 

BLOVV, V. i. pret. bleic ; pp. bloicn. [Sax. blaaen, blotran.] 
1 . I'o make a current of air ; to move as air. 2. To pant ; 
to puff; to breathe hard or quick. 3. To breathe. 4. To 
sound with being blown, as a horn or trumpet. 5. To 
flower; to blossom ; to bloom ; as plants. — To bloit orer, 
to pass away without eflect ; to cease or be dissipated.— 
To blow up, to rise in the air ; also, to be broken and scaU 
tered by the explosion of gun-powder. 

BLoW, 1'. f. 1. To throw or drive a current of air upon. 2 
To drive by a current of air ; to impel. 3. To breathe upon, 
for the purpose of wanning. 4. To sound a wind instru- 
ment. 5. To spread by report. 6. To deposit eggs. as flies. 
7. To form bubbles by blowing. 8. To swell and inflate, 
as veal. 9. To form glass into a particular shape by the 
breath, as in glass manufactories. 10. To melt tin, after 
being first burnt to destroy the niundic. — To blow away 
to dissipate; to scatter with wind. — To blow down, tf 
prostrate by wind. — To blow off, to shake down by wind 
as to blow off fruit from trees ; to drive from land ; as, to 
blow off a ship. — To bloic out, to extinguish by a current 
of air, as a candle. — To blow up. 1. To fill with air ; to 
swell. 2. To infl.ite ; to puff" up. 3. To kindle. 4. To 
burst, to raise into the air, or to scatter, by the explosion 
of gunix)wder. Figuratively, to scatter or bring to naught 
suddenly. — To blow upon, to make stale. 

BLdW, 71. 1. A flower ; a blossom. This word is in general 
use in the United States. In the Tatler, it is used fot 
blossoms in general. 2. .^mong ^ramrn, a gale of wind 
This also is in general use in the United States. 

BI,oW -BALL, H. The flower of the dandelion. 

BLOWER, II. 1. One who blows ; one who is employed in 
melting tin. 2. A plate of iron for drawing up a fire in u 
stove chimney. 

BLOWiING, ppr. Makingacurrent of air ; breathins quick ; 
sounding a wind instrument ; inflating ; impelling by 
wind ; melting tin. 

BLOWING, n. The motion of wind, or act of blowing. 

BLOWN, pp. Driven by wind ; fanned ; sounded by blow- 
ing ; spread by report ; swelled ; inflated ; expanded as 
a blossom. 

BLOW'-i'irE, 71. An instrument by which a blast or current 
of air is driven through the flame of a lamp or candle, and 
that flame directed upon a mineral substance, to fuse or 
vitrifv it. 

BLoW'-POIXT, 71. A kind of play among children. 

BLOWTH, 71. [Ir. blath, blaith.] Bloom, or blossom, m 
that which is expanded ; the state of blossoming. 

BLOWZE, (blowz) n. .\ ruddy, fat-faced woman. 

HI^")\VZ Y, a. Ruddv-faced ; fat and ruddy ; high-colored 

t BH'B, r. t. To swell. Sff Bleb. 

BLl'B'BER, 71. [See Blobber, Blob, and Bleb.] L A 
blobber or bubble ; a common, vulgar word. 2. The fat of 

See Sijnapsia X, E, I, 0, 0, U, long.—FXlH, FALL, miAT ;— rREY ;— PIN, MARXXE BIRD;— t ObsoleU 




whales and other large sea animals, of which is made 
train-oil. 3. Sea-nettle, or 8ea-Dlubber, the medusa. 

BLUU'UKR, V. i. Ti weep in such a manner aa to swell 
the cheeks. 

DLIj'B'BHR, V. t. To swell tne cheeks, or disfigure the face, 
with weeping 

BLUBBERED, pp. Swelled; big; turgid. 

rnXKBER-ING, ppr. Weeping so as to swell the cheeks. 

BL(j'l)6EON, n [Goth, bhijrirwan.] A short stick, with 
one end loaded, or thicker and heavier than the other, 
and used as an offensive weapon. 

BLUE, (blu) a. [fiax. bleo, bUuli, bleoxc] One of tlie seven 
colors, into whicli the rays of light divide themselves, 
when refracted through a glass prism. There are various 
shades of blue, as sky-blue, or azure, Prtuisian blue, indigo 
blue, smalt blue, &.C. 

BLUE, V. t. To make blue; to dye of a blue color; to 
make blue by heating, as metals, &.c. 

BLOK BIRD, H. A small bird, a species o( viotacilla. 

BLuE'-BO.\-NET, n. A plant, a species o( centaurea. 

BLOE'-B(JT-TLE, n. 1. A plant, a Bi)ecies of centaurea. 
2. A fly with a large, blue belly. 

BLlJE'-tAP, n. A hsh of the salmon kind. 

BLOE'-F.VEn, a. Having blue eyes. iJrydcn. 

BLuE'-FlSH, n. A fish, a species of cori/p/itrHd. 

BLOE'- HAIRED, a. Having hair of a blue color. 

BLOE'-JOHN, n. Among miner.*, fluur spar, a mineral. 

nLOE'LY,adp. With a blue color. Sicifl. 

BLOENESS, 71. The quality of being blue ; a blue color. 

BLOE'-THRoAT, n. A bird with a tawny breiust. 

BLOE'-VEIiN'ED, a. Having blue veins or streaks. 

BLUFF, a. Big ; surly ; blustering. IJrydcn. 

BLUFF, 71. A high bank, almost iierpendicular, projecting 
into the sea ; a high bank presenting a steep front. Bel- 
knap. Mar. Did. 

BLUFF'-BOWED, a. Having broad and flat bows. 

BLUFF'-HEAD-ED, a. Having an upright stem. 

BLUFF NESS, 71. A swelling or bloatedness ; surliness. 

BLC l.-^ll, 'I. Blue in a small degree. Pupe. 

HLO l.-^ll-NE.-^S, 71. A small degree of blue color. 

BLUX'DEK, V. i. 1. To mistake grossly ; to err widely or 
stupidly. 2. To move without direction, or steady guid- 
ance ; to plunge at an object; to move, speak, or write 
with sudden and blind precipitance. 3. To stumble, as a 

BLUNDER, 71. A mistake through precipitance, or without 
due exercise of judgment ; a gross mistake. 

BLUN'DER-BUr^S, 71. [ft/uiu/cr, and 1). &«»•.] A shortgun, 
or fire-arm, with a large bore, capable of holding a number 
of balls, atid intended to do execution without exact aim. 

BLUX l)EK-ER, 71. One who is apt to blunder, or to make 
gross mistakes : a careless person. 

BLUN'DKR-HEAD, 71. A stupid fellow ; one who blunders. 

BLU.N'DER-iNO, ppr. Moving or acting with blind precip- 
itance ; mistakine grossly ; stumbling. 

BLUN'DER-ING-LY, adr. In a blundering manner. 

BLUNT, a. I. Having a thick edge or point, as an instru- 
ment ; dull ; not sharp. 2. Dull in understanding ; slow 
of discernment. 3. Abrupt in address ; plain ; uncere- 
monious ; wanting the forms of civility ; rough in man- 
ners or speech. 4. Hard to penetrate ; [K7iu,'.-7ia/.] 

BLUNT, t). t. 1. To dull the edge or iwint, by making it 
thicker. 2. To repress or weaken any appetite, desire or 
power of the mind. 

BLUNT'EI), pp. Made dull; weakened; impaired; re- 

BLUVT'ING, ppr. Making dull ; repressing; impairing. 

lil.UNTMNG, 71. Restraint. Taylor. 

BLUNTLY, adv. In a blunt manner; coarsely; plainly ; 
abruptly ; without delicacy, or the usual forms of civility. 

BLUNT'NESS, ;i. I. Want of edge or point ; dullness ; ob- 
tuseness ; want of sharpness. 2. Coarseness of address ; 
roughness of manners 1 rude sincerity or plainness. 

RLUN'l 'WIT-TED, rt. Dull; stupid. Shak. 

BLUR, n. A dark spot ; a stain ; a blot, whether upon paper 
or other substance, or upon rt^putation. 

BliUR, I'. I. I. To obscure by a dark spot, or by any foul 
matter, without quite effacing 2. To sully ; to stain ; 
to blemish 

BLUUUED, (1 \\xtV VP Darkened or stained ; obscured. 

MLURiRING, p/ir Darkoiiinff or staining ; spotting. 

BLURT, r. t. To throw out, or throw at random, hastily, 
or unadvisedly ; to utter suddenly or inadvertently. 

BLL'SII, V. i. [D. Uoozev.'] I. To redilen m the cheeks or 
face ; to be stiddenly suffused with a red color in the 
cheeks or fare, from a sense of guilt, shame, cnnf\ision, 
modesty, dithdenro or surprise. 2. To l)ear a libMuning 
ri-d color, or any s(>ft, bright color. — Shnk'-peare has used 
tills word in a transitive sense, to wnkr red. 

BM'SH,7i. 1. A red color suffusing the rberks only, or the 
faco generally, and excited by confusion, which may 

spring from shame, guilt, modesty, diffidence or surprise 
2. A red or reddibli color. 3. :?udJen ajipearunce ; a 
glance. Locke. 

t iTlI'.SH, r. t. To make red. Shak. 

tBLU!»H'ET, 71. A young, modest girl. 

tBLU.-^ll'FUL, a. Full of blushes. Thomson. 

BLUi^H'l.N'G, ppr. Reddening in the cheeks or face ; bear- 
ing a bright color. 

BLUSH LE.SS, a. Unblushing; iiast blushing ; impudent. 

BLU.SH'Y, a. Like a blush ; having the color of a bluvli. 

BLUSTER, V. i. 1. To be loud, noisy or cwaggennp ; 
bully ; to puff ; to swagger 2 To roar, and t>e luuiuitu 
oiis, as wind ; to be boisterous , to be windy ; lo hurry. 

t BLUS TER, V. t. To blow down. 

BLUS'TER. 71. Noise ; tumult ; boaslinj; ; bolsterousness 
turbulence ; roar of a tempest ; violent wind ; hurry : 
any irregular noise and tumult from wind, or from van 

BLUS'TER-ER, 71. A swaggerer ; a bully ; a noisy, tiimul 
tuous fellow, who makes great pretensions tVom vanity 

BLUSTER-ING, ppr. Making a noise , putting; boastii.g. 

HLI S ri'.K l.\G, a. Noisy; tumultuous; windy. 

BLUS TR( lis, a. Noisy; tumultuous; boastful. 

BO, erct. [W. bir.] A word of terror ; a customary sound 
uttered by children to frighten their fellows. 

Bo'A, II. A genus of serjienLs, of the class amphibia, tlia 
characters of which are, the belly and tail are furnished 
with scuta. It includes the largest species of serpent, the 
ronslrictor, sometimes 30 or 40 feet long. 

BoAR, 71. [Sax. bar i Corn, bora.] The male of gwinc not 

HoAR'-srK.^R, 71. A spear used in hunting boars. 

BOAR, V. 1. In (Ac manei^e^ a horse is said to boar, when 
he shoots out his nose, raising it as liigh as his ears, and 
tosses his nose in the wind. 

Bo.ARD, n. [Sax. bord.] 1. A piece of timber sawed thin, 
and of considerable length and breadth, comjared with 
the thickness, used for building and other purposes. 2. .\. 
tahie. 3. Entertainment ; food ; diet. 4. .\ table at 
which a council or court is held. ."J. The deck of a ship ; 
the interior part of a ship or boat. 6. The siJc of a ship. 
[Fr. bord; Sp. hurdn.] 7. The line over which a ship 
runs between tack and tack. S. A table for artificers to sit 
or work on. 'J. A t.ible or frame for a game. 10. .\ body 
of men constituting a quorum in session ; a court, or 

Board, r. t. l. To lay or sprend with boards ; to cover 
with boards. 2. To enter a ship by force in combat, which 
answers to storming a city or fort on land. 3. To attack ; 
to make the first attempt upon a man. In Spenser, to ac- 
cost. [Fr. abordrr.] [Ohs.] 4. To place at board, for a 
compensation, as a lodger. .5. To furnish with food, or 
food and lodging, for a compensation. 

Board, r. t. To receive food or diet as a lodger or without 
lodgings, for a compensation. 

BoARD'A-BLE, «. 'J'hat may be boarded, as a ship. 

Boarded, pp. covered with boards; entered by armed 
men, as a ship ; furnished with food for a compensation. 

BdARD'ER, 77. 1. One who has food or diet and lodging in 
another's family for a reward. 2. One who boards a ship 
in action ; one who is selected to board sliijis. 

Bd.\RD'IN(;, ppr. Covering with boards; entering a ship 
bv force ; furnishing or receiving board. 

Board IN(;-SCII<KiL, «. .\ school, the scholars of whicn 
board with the teacher. 

Board -W.\(:I'.S, tj. Wages allowed to 6er\ants to keep 
themselves in victuals. 

RdAR'ISH, a. Swinish ; brutal ; cruel. Shak. 

BOAST, r. i. [W. bostiaro.} 1. To brag, or vaunt one's self ; 
to make an ostentatious display, in speech, of one's own 
worth, proiierlv, or actions. 2. To clory ; to s[>rak with 
laudable pride' and ostentation of meritorious [lepMrn* or 
thiiiffs. 3. To exalt one's self. 

BoAST, r. /. 1. To display in ostenlntious langunce ; lo 
speak of with pride, vanity or exultation, with a view lo 
self commendation. 2. To'magnliy or exalt. 3. To cxuU 
in confident exiiertntion. 

BoAST, 71. 1. Expression of ostetitalion, pride or vanity ; n 
vaunting. 2. The cause of boasting ; occasion of pride, 
vanitv, or laudable exultation. 

BoA.ST'ER, 71. One who IxasLs, glories or vaunta ovlrnta 

BoA.^T'FI'L, a. Given lo twvisting ; ostentatious of person 
al worth or actions. 

BOAST'I.NG, ppr. Talking ostentatiously ; (ilory-ing ; vaunt- 

BoA.sT ING, 71. Oslenlnlious display of personal worth, o« 
actions : a glorvine or vaunling. 

no.ASTIN<; LYJ adr. In an ostentatious manner; with 

BOAST l\l'.. n. Presumptuous. [Vnusunl.} 

BOASTLI'.SS, 1. Without ostentation. Thnw.'on 

BOAT, 71. ISax. and Sw. ftnf.] 1. A small open vessel, o» 
water cnill, usually moved by oars, or rowing. 2. A 

♦See Synopsis. MOVE, BOOK. DOVE ,—BI.'LL, UNITE.— € as K ; C aa J ; SasZ ; CHasSH jTHaslntAi* ^Obtoltie 




■mall vesiiel carrying a miuit nnd iinllii ; but uiually dc- 

■cnlied by iiruitlier Wdril, (in, n puckn-baal. 
BOA'I', 0. I. 'I'll lriiiiH|i(irt iii a liiiai \ an, to bual gmidii ncrciu 

A lake. J*.<*. 
B(')A'I''.V-IILK, a. Nuvlgablo Tiir bouU, or «mall nvrr craft. 

n^lA'r -111 Ml, n. A aenui of birdi, llio rancroma. 
llnA r -H.V, or lir)AI'-IN-.-<i;(ri , «. a %ki\ui> <.f iimcctJi. 
UOAI''-l' ',>lMV, ». All Iron hook with a |hiiiiI on thu back, 

lixeil ti. a luiiR pole, to pull or [iimh a liuat. 
Rr)A'ri.\(J,;</»r. 'l'r:iiiN|iiirtiii|| in iHialii. 
nOAT l.\(i!, M. I. 'I'lio act or (iraclico of tranxportlnK in 

NaLs. — 'J. In I'eniui, n piiiiiHliiiiiMit of capital otluiideri liy 

laying; them on the back In a boat whicli in covered, 

where they iierlxli. 

LIli)-A''l"l()N, n. [I,, bao.] A cryhiR out ; a roar. 
oA'l" MAN, or llfiAT.S'MA.N, n. A man who manogea a 
iHiat , a rower of a boat. 

DOAl'-Kuru, n. A rope to flisten a boat, usually called a 

BOAT'-tfll.APKI), a. Having the Bhnpe of a boat ; navicu- 
lar : cymblforiii ; hollow, like a bo.-tt. 

•BOAT't<VVAI.\, n. (in familiar speech., pronounced biysn.) 
(Sax batswrin.] An ollicer on board of ships, who has 
charge of the buat^, HalU, rigging, colors, anchors, cables 
and cordacc 

BOB, n. I. Any little round thing, that plays loosely at the 
end of a string, cord, or movable machine , a little orna- 
ment or pendant, that hangs so as to play loosely. 2. The 
words repeated .it the end of a stanza. 3. A blow ; a 
shake or jog ; a jeer or flout. 4. Tlie ball of a short pen- 
dulum. 5. .\ mode of ringing. U. A bub-r/ig. 

BOB, V. t. 1. To beat ; to shake or jog. 2. To cheat ; to 
gain by fraud. 3. To mock or delude. 4, To cut sliort. 

DOB, r. i. 1. To play backward and forward ; to play loose- 
ly against any thing. 2. To angle or fish for eels, or to 
catch eels with a bob 

♦ BO HANCE', (bo-bans') n. A boiusting. Chaucer. 

BOBBKl). pp. Beat or shaken ; cheated ; gained by fraud ; 

&JB'IU.\, n. [Fr. bobine ; D. babyn.] .\ small pin or cylin- 
dric.U piece of wood, with a head, on which thread is 
wound for making lace. A similar instrument, used in 
fpinniu; ; a sjKiol. 

fiOB'Bl.N'd, ppr. riaying back and forth; striking; cheat- 
ing ; angling for eels. 

BOB'Bl.N-WoRK, n. Work woven with bobbins. 

BOB ItlSH, (I. In familiar discoiirsc, used for being hearty ; 
in good spirits. 

BOB -ClIER-RV, n. Among children, a play in which a 
cherry is hung so as to oob against tlie mouth. 

BfS'BO, n. A Me.\ican fish, two feet long. 

BOB'ST.aYS, n. Hopes to conSne the bowsprit of a ship 
downward to the stem. 

BOBTAIL, n. 1. A short tail, or a tail cut short. 2. The 
rabble ; used in contempt. 

BOB'-T .AILED, a. Ilavins the hair cut short. 

BOB-WIG, n. A short wig. Spectator. 

BOCAaUE, or BOCAKE, n. An animal found on the 
banks of the Dnieper. 

BOCA-StNE, 71. [Kr.] A sort of fine linen or buckram. 

BOCE, n. The spariw, a beautiful fish. Jish. 

BOeK'E-LE T, ) . , • J ri 11 < 

BO€K'E-RET 1 "' of long-wingeu hawk. 

BOCK LA\D.' [See B.^<,kl4Nd.] F.nryc. 

BODE, V t. [Sax. bodiari, bodiiran.] To portend ; to fore- 
show ; to presage ; to indicate something future by signs ; 
to be the omen ot". 

BODE, V. i. To foreshow ; to presage. Dryden. 

BODE, n. 1. .\n omen. Ckaurer. 2. .\ stop. See Aside. 

fBoDR'.MENT, n. An omen ; portent; prognostic. 

t BOUJE, V. i. To boggle ; to stop. Shak. 

f BOD(5E, n. A botch. Whillock. 

BODICE, 71. Stays; a waistcoat, quilted with whalebone, 
woni by women. 

BOD I ED, a. Having a body. ShaU. 

BOD r ',ESS, a. Having no body or material form; incor- 

tBODI-Lt-NEPS, 71. Corporality. Mmsheu. 

BOD I-LY, a. 1. Having or containing a body, or m.Verial 
form ; corporeal. 2. Relating or ixTtaining to tlie body, 
in distinction from the mind. .3. Real ; actual. 

BOIVI-LY, adv. Corporeally ; united with a body or matter. 

BfiD ING, ppr. Foreshowing ; presaging. 

BoD'ING, 71. An omen. Bp. Ward. 

BODKI.N, 71. 1. An instrument for making holes by pierc- 
ing. .\n instniinrnt with an eye, for drawing thread, 
tape, or riband throush a loop, &c. .\n iiistriuiieiit to dress 
the hair. 2. A dancer ; [not 171 use.] 

BOD LEI-.\N, o. Pert.aining to Sir Thomas Bodlev. 

BOn V, 71. [Sax. ftorfiV.J 1. The frame of an animal ; the 
material substance of an animal. 2. Matter, .as opposed 
to spirit. Hooker. 3. .-V person ; a human being; some- 
times alone ; more generally, with some or no ; as, some- 

body j nobody. 4. Reality, a* opprmed to repicwntatlon 
.'1. A collective inniw ; a number ul iiidiviilualx orjiarticu 
lani united. I>. 'J'he mam army; any nuiiiljer of lorcea. 
7. .'\ corjiorition ; a nuinlM-r of men, united by a coiiinioii 
tie, by one form of goveriiiiienl, or by occupation. ^. The 
mam part ; the bulk ; ax, the budy of a tree. 'J. Any ex- 
tended, Miilid HulMUinix- ; iiuitler ; any lulMUincr or miui 
dmtliirl from otIierH. lU- A pandect ; u general collrc- 
tion ; a code ; utiyiitvm. 11. htrcngUi ; an, wine uf agoud 

BOD V', 7'. t. To produce In some form. 

IlOiyV-CLoi 111;.^, n. pla. Clothing or covering for Ih 
body, aji for a horse. Addison. 

BOD V-<ti;ARD. n. The guard that proU'Cta or defends thb 
pcnion ; the life-guard. Hence, necurity. 

B(M;, 71. [Ir. boir.\ 1. A quagmire covered with gnim or 
other plants. 2. A little elevated sfiot or clump ot earth, 
in marvhea and swampH, tilled with nxjls and graiM. Acta 

IK h; v. t. To whelm or plunge, as In mud and mini. 

BO<j'-BkA.\, 71. Jlenyanthen, a plant. 

B<X}'-BER-RY, 71. yarctniam ; a name of the cranberry 
growing in marshy places. 

B<KJ'GLlT, r. t. 1. 'I'o doubt; to hesitate; to stop, as If 
afraid to prttcecd, or as if impeded by unforeseen didiciU- 
ties ; to play fast and 2. To diiwemble. 

BOGGLE, V. t. To embarrass with ditiiculties ; a popular 
or vutjrar use of the vurd in the United Slatet. 

B(Ki'GLED, pp. Perplexed and impeded by sudden difHcoI 
ties ; embarrassed. 

BOG (iLER, 71. A doubter ; a timorovis man. 

BOG'GLhNG, ppr. Starting or stopping at difficultiea ; hen- 

tBOG'(;LI.SH, a. Doubtful. Taylmr. 

BOGGY, a. Containing bogs ; lull of bogs. 

BfHJ'lIOUSE, 71. A house of otTice. 

BOG'-L.\ND, a. Living in or pertaining to a marshy coon- 
try. Dryden. 

Bo GLE, or BOG'OLE, n. [W. ftirn-.] A bugbear. 

BOG'-ORE, n. An ore of iron found in boggy or swampy 

BOG'-RUSH, 71. 1. A rush that grows in bogs. 2. A bird, a 
species of warbler. 

B(k;'-SP.AV-I\, 71. In horses, an encysted tomor on the in- 
side of the hough. 

BOG'-TROT-TER, 71. One who lives in a boggy country 

BOG'-WH6RT, 71. The bilberry or whortleberry, growing 
in low lands. 

BO-Hk.-V', (bo-he) n. [Grosier infomas us that this is named 
from a mountain in China, called Vou-y, or Foo-y.] A 
species of coarse or low-priced tea from China ; a species 
of black tea. 

BOI'AR, or BOY'AR, 71. In the Russian empire, a noble 
man ; a lord ; a person cf quality ; a soldier. 

BOI'.A-RI.\, n. In Ru^^sia, a gentleman. 

BOI-GU.J^'eU, 71. The largest of the serpent kind. 

BOIL, V. I. [Fr. bouillir : h. buliio.] 1. To sweH, heave, or 
be agitated by the action of heat ; to bubble ; to rise in 
bubbles. 2. To be agitated by any other cause than 
heat. 3. To be hot or fervid ; to swell by native heat, 
vigor or irritation. 4. To be in boiling water; to sufler 
boiling heat in water 01 other liquid, for cookery or other 
purpose. S. To bubble ; to elFervesce ; as a mixture of 
acid and .ilkali. — To boil a<ray, to evaporate by boiling. 
— To boil oi-er, is to nin over the top of a vessel. 

BOIL, r. f. 1. To dress or cook in boiling water ; to seethe ; 
to extract the juice or quality of any thing by lioilinc. 
2. To prepare for some use in boiling liquor. To form by 
boiling and evaporation. 

BOIL, 71. [D. bull : Ger. heule : Dan. bylde : Sax. bile.] A 
tumor upon the flesh, accomjnnied with soreness and in- 
flammation ; a sore, angry swelling. 

BOILED, pp. Dressed or cooked by boiling; subjected to 
the action of boiling liquor. 

BOILER, 77. 1. A person who boils. 2. A vessel in which 
any thing is boiled. 

BOIL'ER-Y, 71. A place for boiline and the apparatus. 

BOIL l.N'G, PIT. Bubbling ; heaving in bubbles ; beine agl 
tated, as boiling liquor ; swelling with heat, ardor or pas- 
sion ; dressing or preparing for some purpose by hot 

BOIL I.NG, TI. The act or state of bubbling; agitation by 
heat ; ebullition ; the act of dressing by hot water ; the 
act of preparing by hot water, or of evaporating by heat. 

BOI-o'BI, n. A green snake, found in .\nierica. 

BOIS'TER-OUS, a. [D. byster : W. btryst.] 1. Loud ; roar- 
ing ; violent ; stormy. 2. Turbulent ; furious ; tumultu- 
ous ; noisv. 3. Large; unwieldy; huge; clumsily vio- 
lent. [Obs.] 4 Violent. 

BOIS TER-Ot'S-LV, adv. Violently ; furiously ; with loud 
iir.ise ; tumultnously. 

BOIS'TER-OL"S-.\F..'^, ti. The state or quality of being 
boisterous ; turbulence ; disorder ; tumultuousness. 

• See Synopsis A, E, T, V, Y, long.— FXR, FALL, \V11.^T ;— PRgV j— PIN, M.VRXXE, BtRD ;^ - f Obsolete 




tt(.>l-TI-A'PO, n. A Brazilian serpent. 

Bo'LA-RY, a. Pertaining to bole ur clay, or partaking of 

its nature and qualities. Brown. 
BULiDl-TI.VE, a. An epithet given to one of the channels 

or moutlisof the Nile. 
BoLlJ, a. [.Sax. bald, beald.] 1. Daring ; courageous ; brave ; 
intrepid ; fearless. 2. Requiring courage in the execution ; 
exec'ited with spirit or boldness ; planned with courage 
and spirit. J. Confident ; not timorous. — 4. In an ill 
seme, rude, forward, impudent. 5. Licentious ; show- 
ing great liberty of liction or expression. G. t^tanding out 
to view ; striking to the eye ; as buld figures in painting. 
7 Steep ; abrupt ; prominent ; as, a Ao/(/ shore. — Tu make 
bold, to take freedoms ; a common, but not a correct 
phrase. To be bold is better. 
*BoLD, ». t. To make daring. Hall. 
IloLD'KX, (bold dn) v. t. 'J'o make bold ; to give confi- 
dence. This is nearly disused. jJjjcAam. 
rOLD -F.'VCK, II Impudence ; sauciness ; a term of repre- 
hension anJ repfoach. 
itoLD'-l'ACED, a. Impudent. Bramhall. 
HoLD'LYj adB. In a buld inaniier ; courageously ; intrep- 
idly ; without timidity or fear ; with conlidence. Some- 
times, perhaps, in a bad sense, for impudently. 
n6IjI)'.\E.-<.S, H. I. Courage ; bravery ; intrepidity ; spirit ; 
fearlessness. 2. Prominence ; the quality of exceeding 
tlie ordinary rules of scrupulous nicety and caution. :<■ 
Freedom from timidity ; liberty. 4. Confidence ; confi- 
dent trust. 5. Freedom from bashfuliiess ; assurance ; 
confident mien. G. Prominence ; steepness. 7. Kxcess 
of freedom, bordering on impudence. 
BULK, 71. [Sw. bol.] 1. The body, or stem of a tree. 
(jVot in uoe.] 2. A measure of corn, containing six 
ROLIC, 71. A kind of fine clay, often highly colored by iron. 
BO-LKT'ie, a. Bulelic acid is the acid of buleius. 
BiJ-Lk'TUS, 71. [L.] A genus of mushrooms. 
Bo'LI.S, 71. [L.] A hre-ball darting througli the air, follow- 
ed by a train of light or sparks. 
BOLL, It. [VV. bul i Sax. bulla.] Tlie pod or capsule of a 
plant, as of flax ; a pericarp. Bide, a measure of six 
hnsliels, is sometimes written in this manner. 
BoLL, V. i. To form into a pericarp or seed-vessel 
B0LL'I.NGS,7i. pi. Pollard-trees, whose heads and branch- 
es are cut off, and only the bodies lell. Hoy. 
BO-Lo'GNr-.\N STOXE, (bo-lo'iie-anstone) Radiated sul- 
phate of barytes, first discovered near Bologna. 
BoL'STKR, 71. [Sax. and Sw. botslcr.] 1. A long pillow or 
cushion, used to support the head of persons lying on a 
bed. 2. A pad, or quilt. — '.i. In ,<u(W/fr«, a part of a sad- 
dle raised upon the bows or hinder part, to hold the rider's 
thigh. — 4. In ships, a cushion or bag, filled with tarred 
canvas, used to preserve I he stays from being worn or 
chafed by the masLs. 
B5L'STKR, V. I. I. Tosupport with a bolster, pillow or any 
soft pad or quilt. 2. To support ; to hold up ; to maintain. 
3. To afford a bed to. [] Shak. 
BoL'STERKI), a. Swelled onl. 
BoL'STKKI'.R, 71. Asuppnrltr. 
B( iL'S'1'1;K l.\(i, 71. A prop or support. Taylm-. 
BOLT, ;i. [Dan. bolt.] I An arrow ; a dart ; a pointed 
shaft. Dryden. 2. A strong cylindrical pin, of iron or 
f>tlier metal, used to fasten a door, a plank, a chain, &c. 
3. .'V tlmiider-lwlt ; a stream of lightning, so named from 
its darting like a bolt. 4. The quantity of twenty-eight 
ells of canvas. 
BOLT, r. (. 1. To fasten or secure with a bolt, or iron pin, 
whether a door, a plank, fetters, or any thine else. 2. To 
fasten ; to shackle ; to restrain. Skak. 3. To blurt out; 
to utter or throw out precipitately. 4. [Norm, baiter, a 
bolting sieve. Ciu. Fr. blutrr.] To sift or separate bran 
from (lour. — 5. Among sportsmen, to start or dislodge, used 
of conys. (i. To examine by sifting. [Inelcrrani.] 7. 
To purify ; to purge. {Unusual.] Shak. V. To discuss or 
BOLT, 71. i. To shoot forth suddenly ; to spring out with 

speed and suddenness ; to start forth like a bolt. 
B()I.T'-.\U-(jEK, II. A larcc borer, used in shipbuilding. 
BOLT'-b'OAT, H. A strong boat that will endure a rough 

sea. Jlsli. 
BoLT'Hl), pp. Made fast with a bolt ; shot forth ; sifted ; 

BoLT'ER, 71. 1. An instrument or machine for separating 

bran from flour. 2. A kind of net. 
1 BOLT ER, 71. t. To besmear. .s7i,i/.-. 
BOLT'-IIEAU, 71. A long, straight-necked glass vessel for 

chtMu'ral distillations, called also a matrass or receiver 
BOLTlNG,ppr. Fcistening with a bolt, or bolLx ; blurting 
out ; shooting forth suddenly ; separating bran from flour ; 
silling j examining ; discussing ; dislodging. 
BoLT'liNG, 77. The act of ftistening with a bolt or bolts ; a 

Eiftine ; discussion. 
BOLT ING-CLOTII n. A linen or hair cloth, of which bolt- 
ers are made for siftir.g meal 

BoLTTNG-IlOCSE, ti. The house or place where meal h 

BOLT'l.N'G-HUTCU, 7i. A tub for bolted flour. 
BOLT'I.N'G-.MILL, n. A machine or engine for sifting 

BOLT'l\G-TUB, 71. A tub to sift meal in. 
BoLT'-ROPE, 71. A rope to which the edges of saib ar^ 

sewed to strengthen them. 
BOLT -SPRIT. See Bowsprit. 
BOLUS, 71. [L.] A soft mass of any thing medicinal, to be 

swallowed at once, like a pill. 
BOM, 71. A large serpent found in America. 
BOMB, (bum) 71. [I^. bombus ; Gr. ^io|J|}ui.] 1. A great noise 

2. A large shell of cast iroiij round and hollow, with a vent 

to receive a fusee, which is made of wiKid. 'I'his being 

filled with gunpowder, and the fusee set on fire, the bomb 

is thrown from a morUir, in such a direction as to fall into 

a fort, city, or enemy's camp. :i. The stroke u|>on a bell. 
t BOMB, V. t. To attack with bombs ; to bombard. 
I50MB, V. i. To sound. Ben .lonson. 
BOM B.\RD, 71. [Fr. bombardc.] 1. A piece of slort. thicK 

ordnance. 2. An attack with bombs ; bombardment. 

Barlow. 3. A barrel ; a drinking vessel ; [Ub^.] 
BOM-BXRD', v.t. To attack with bombs thrown from 

BOM-BaRD'ED, p;7. Attacked with bombs. 
BOM-BARU-IGR , 71. 1. One whose biLsiness is to attend 

the loading and firing of mortars. 2. Carufrits, a genus of 

BO.M-BARD'I.NG, ppr. .Attacking with shells or bombs. 
B0M-B.\R1) .MENT, 71. An attack with bombs ; the act o( 

throwing bombs into a town, fort, or ship. 
BO.M-BaR'IX), 71. .\ musical instrument of the wind kind, 

much like the bassoon, and used as a bass to the hautboy. 


BOM-BA-.«'IN'', 71. A name given to two sorts of stuffs, one 
of silk, the other crossed of cotton. 

* BO.M'B.AST, H. Oriirinally, a stulf of soft, loose texture, 
used to swell garments. Hence, high-sounding word't ; 
an inflated style ; fustian. 

• Bo.M'B.'VST, a. High-sounding; inflated; big without 
meaning. Swift. 

t HoM BAST', i-.(. To inflate. Bp. Hall. 

liiiM-H AST'IC, a. Swelled ; high-sounding; 

liD.M HAST RV, 77. Swelling words without much mean- 
ing ; fustian. Swift. 

BOMB'-CII EST, 71. .\ chest filled with bonihs, or only with 
gunpowder, placed under ground, to make destruction by 
its displosion. 

BOM'BI-.'VT, 71. A salt formed by the bombic acid and any 
base saturated. Lavoisier. 

BOM'BIC,a. Pertaining to the silk-worm. 

BO.M-BI-La'TIOX, 71. [L. bombilo.] Sound ; report , noLse. 
Brown. [Little used.] 

R()Mri'-KETCH, j 71. A small ship or vessel, constructed 

I!( ).\ll! -\ES-SEL, \ for throwing bombs. 

B(l.M-li\C'I-NOUS, a. [^L. bombycinus.] 1. Silken ; made 
of silk. 2. Being of tlie color of the silk-worm ; trans 
parent, with a yellow tint. 

BOMiBYX, 71. [(Jr. Soufiv^.] The silk-worm. 

BO'XA-Fl'DE. [L.] With good faith ; without fraud or 

BO-NA-RO-BA, 77. [It.] .\ showy wanton. SAai. 

t nO-XAIR', a. [It. bonario.] Complaisant ; yielding. 

B()-.\-a'SUS, 71. [li.l A species of ios, or wild ox. 

BOX'-CIIIkF, n. [Fr. iu7i chef.] (lood consequence. 

BOX eiIR?:TIEN, 71. [Fr.] A species of |H-ar. 

BOXD, 71. [Sax. ('(»7if/.] I. .Any thing that binds, as n cord, 
a band. 2. Ligament ; that wliicli holds things together. 
3. I'nion ; connection ; a binding. — 1. In the plural. 
chains, imprisonment ; captivity. .'>. Cause of union , 
cement which unites ; link of connection, ti. .An obliga- 
tion imiKjsing a moral duty, as by a vow, or promise, by 
law or other means. — 7. In law, an obligation or deed, by 
which a person binds himself, his heirs, executors, outl 
adniinistnitors, to jKiy a certain sum, on or before a fuluie 
day apiK)iiited. 

BOXD, a. [for bound.] In a state of senitudc, or slavery ; 

BOND, r.l. To give bond for; to secure payment of, by 
giving a bond. H'ar in Visguise. 

BO.VD'AGE, 71. 1. Slavery, <■» InvolunUiry servitude ; cap- 
tivity ; imprisonment ; restraint i-f a person's liberty by 
compulsion. 2. Oblication ; tie of duty. 

BOXD'EU, 771. Secured by bond, as duties. 7?finrff</ goods 
arc tli(>se for the duties on which bonds aie given at ths 

Bd.NDMAID, «. A female slave. 

BOXD'MAV, ". A man slave. 

IIOXD'SI'.I! \ ANT, II. ,A slave. 

BoM)'SKR-\'lCE, 71. The condition of a bond-servant 
II BONDSL.AVE, 11. A person In n stnto ofslnver)'. 

. MOVE, BOyK, DOVE ;— B};LL, UNITE.— e as K ; G as J j S aa Z ; CII as SU ; TH as In tAa, 

» Seo Hynopsia 

t O