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GIFT OF THE
ALPHA DELTA PHI
I 83 7-1 88 7
PRESS OF FLEMING, BREWSTER & ALLEY
31-33 WEST 23D STREET
committee of arrangements for the semi-
John Elliott Sanford, '51.
William Hayes Ward, '56.
Francis Draper Lewis, '69.
E. Winchester Donald, '69.
Henry B. Richardson, '69.
Talcott Williams, '73.
Alfred Ely, '74.
Joseph Converse Gray, '76.
Frank Lusk Babbott, '78.
Charles M. Pratt, *79.
B. W. Hitchcock, *8i.
And. Porter Alvord, '87.
William Tyler Bliss, '87.
Howard Ogden Wood, '87.
editors of the memorial volume.
Talcott Williams, '73.
Henry C. Folger, Jr., '79.
NARVAPtO COI • CGF LIBRARY
UATL $C^0OL Of ^OUCATIW -^
^UL J 4 1926
College Hall, Tuesday A.M., June 28, 1887,
PR A YER
The Rev. Michael Burnham, D.D., '67.
The Rt. Rev. Frederic Dan Huntington,
D.D., LL.D., '39.
The Rev. Richard Salter Storrs,
D.D., LL.D., *39.
Pratt Gymnasium, Tuesday P.M., June a8, 1887,
Introductory Remarks by the Toastmaster.
Hon. John E. Sanford, '51.
The Relation of Greek Letter Societies
TO College Discipline.
President Julius H. Seel ye.
A Half Century Ago.
Rev. E. E. Bliss, D.D., '37.
The Chivalry oy AA $.
Hon. Algernon S. Sullivan, Miami, '45.
A J $iv THE Pulpit.
Rev. E. K. Alden, D.D., '44.
A J $ m PouTics.
Hon. George William Curtis, Brunonian, '54.
Fifty Years of American Scholarship.
Rev. William Hayes Ward, D.D., LL.D./56.
The Fraternity ovA A ^,
Hon. Joseph H. Choate, Harvard, '52.
Greek Letters and Letters Literary.
Prof. F. A. March, '45.
Brotherhood Within and Without.
Hon. H. S. Stockbridge, '45.
Love the Sisterhood.
President T. J. Backus, Rochester, '64.
♦The Law and the Chapter.
Hon. F. W. Rockwell, '68.
♦Henry Ward Beecher and Roswell D.
Hitchcock, Som of Amherst and of A A $,
Rev. E. W. Donald, D.D., '69.
♦The Chapter as it is.
E. C. Huntington, *88.
♦The Past and Future of the Chapter.
Prof. H. H. Nbill, '66.
♦Our Sister Chapters.
F. L. Stetson, Williams, '67.
£. M. Shepard, Manhattan, '69.
* Owing to the lateness of the hour, these toasts were not
THE RT. REV. FREDERIC DAN HUNTINGTON,
D.D., LL.D., '39.
The Amherst Chapter of the Alpha
Delta Phi, celebrating with joy its semi-
centennial, has inquired which one of
its strong brotherhood ought to be its
spokesman. Studying the catalogue of
names, now nearly four hundred, repre-
senting most of the departments of learn-
ing and action in American society — many
of them eminent, and all of them, we
believe, honorable — agoing from the bot-
tom to the top, and from the top to the
bottom, has fixed with confidence upon
the name of Richard Salter Storrs. No
man and no woman who has heard his
voice needs to be bidden to listen while
I count it a special personal privilege
and pleasure to introduce the orator of \
the day, my classmate and my friend, the
Pastor of the Church of the Pilgrims.
THE BROADER RANGE AND
OUTLOOK OF MODERN
RICHARD S. STORRS, D.D., LL.D., '39.
Mr. P resident y Brothers of Alpha Delta Phi^
Ladies and Gentlemen :
An institution like this, whose annual
commencement attracts and greets us, has
its peculiar indwelling life, which ever
freshly reveals itself through the constant
impulse to expansion and growth. De-
partments of study are added one by one
to those which had preceded, while each
of those before established seeks to afford
wider instruction, with more exact training;
new teachers are added, more fit and ade-
quate apparatus of instruction is diligently
sought and considerately supplied, and the
whole scheme of study becomes more prac-
tical and more generous, aiming to meet
continually wider and finer needs, and to
lO AMHERST CHAPTER
furnish to prepared and inquisitive minds
a completer supply of what they seek of
training and of truth. This is the law of
such institutions, only in fulfilling which
do they show themselves worthy of honor
or of maintenance ; in the absence of cor-
dial obedience to which they become in-
evitably, after a little, groups of sparsely
occupied buildings covering acres which
the plough might more usefully traverse.
The vigor, abundance and fruitfulness of
the life of any college are manifested and
measured by the changes which progres-
sively take place in the courses and meth-
ods of its instruction, and in the physical
structures and instruments through which
it imparts this. Therefore it always needs
liberal friends, and an ampler endowment ;
and the time never comes when it can
say that its desires arc answered, its equip-
ment is complete.
It is not, therefore, an occasion of sur-
prise when we return here to find that en-
largements and alterations, manifold and
conspicuous, have taken place in our ab-
sence ; and if we look back, as some of us
to-day do, over a term of fifty years since
the infant chapter of our fraternity found
ALPHA DELTA PHI. II
here its incipient life and early cradle, we
expect to discover, upon recalling that
long-ago, that the changes accomplished
and still gping on have made almost an-
other college of that with which we were
familiar. The same skies are above us,
effulgent in the dawn with sunrise lights
which we used to see or shiveringly to watch
for at six in the morning, resplendent at
sunset with a glory which none of us has
seen surpassed, amid whatever ethereal
charm or purple glow of Italy itself. The
same landscape is before us, rimmed with
hills, but stretching far outward toward
the west, now rich with verdure, blazing
in autumn in the vast vestment of many
colors, while always lovely in its modulated
lines, with the reflected flash of waters
touching it at points with sparkling shim-
mer. Some of the same buildings are here,
tarrying, perhaps, beyond what those who
have to use them conceive the fitness of
things to require, but connecting the col-
lege as now presented, through somewhat
rude and rusty links, with the college as it
was, while making us all glad to know that
the law of progress, elsewhere so effective,
has undergone no final suspense before
12 AMHERST CHAPTER
their ancient and homely walls ; and the
same village, though far more beautiful, is
around us now that was here when as boys
we trod these streets, were lodged, per-
haps, in some of these houses, strolled over
these fields, or took, it may be, our private
spin — very private ! — behind whatever
horses could be hired, on the neighboring
These remain ; but in almost everything
which directly pertains to the college, the
scene is one of transformation. One pro-
fessor continues here — long may he con-
tinue ! — under whom some of us ploughed
our way through parts of Livy, or grappled
the condensed martial sentences, with the
tone of tragic battle in them, of the great
master Tacitus, or caught some swift and
inspiriting glimpse of Attic philosophy,
eloquence, poetry, story. All the others
have passed from the scenes in which they
were to us at the time illustrious persons,
and their places are filled by others. Dif-
ferent buildings, another chapel, a new
library, a new observatory, a new and
splendid gymnasium are before us ; and the
physical apparatus of instruction is widely
diverse from that with which those of us
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 13
who have passed our threescore years, and
are rapidly completing the supplementary
ten, were formerly familiar. The change
has not been startlingly rapid in its par-
ticulars, but it has been persistent, continu-
ous, general, and we may hope that it has
been prophetic ; that other changes are to
follow, as needful as these, and yet more
wide. It is a fact always impressive, and
one which lifts our thoughts forward with
spontaneous impulse on an occasion like
this, that such an institution counts scores
of years as in personal life we count the
months ; that classes coming and classes
going are but recurring incidents in its
history, and that to its incorporeal life the
century is not long.
The most significant change of all
which we observe has been in the broader
scope and the fresh elasticity given to the
courses of study pursued here, with the
more various and large opportunity sys-
tematically offered for a more comprehen-
sive and elaborate training than in our
time was proposed or was possible. The
college remains a college for training, not
aspiring to become a university, which in
its intent represents a universal cyclopaedia
14 AMHERST CHAPTER
of knowledge, housed in libraries, but sup-
posed to be also vitally incorporate, and
the more accessible because peripatetic, in
a multitude of teachers. Such an institu-
tion has, beyond question, important ad-
vantages ; but this is not such an one. Its
purpose is, as it was at the beginning, to
discipline men in the use of their powers,
while opening to them inviting opportuni-
ties for profitable study, in large part now
along lines of inquiry which they select.
But the variety of these lines of study is
far more abundant and attractive than it
was, and the developing life of the college
has been shown in this direction almost
more distinctly than in any other.
When some of us were here as students,
a half century ago, the courses of training
were all arranged with reference to the
professional studies, in law or medicine,
or especially in theology, which it was
implicitly assumed were to follow. Even
as so planned and maintained they were
meagre, restricted, sharply mandatory.
We had, of course, Latin and Greek, gram-
matically taught, till some of us wished
that republican Rome had never existed,
and that the Persians had conquered
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 5
Greece. We had mathematics, which to
many were a weariness to spirit and mind,
as well as to the flesh. We had more or
less of natural science, as then understood ;
something of philosophy, with dear Dr.
Brown's mellifluous lectures on the human
mind for our principal text-book ; some-
thing, no doubt, of instruction in ethics,
though I cannot remember what author
was expected to serve as our enlighten-
ing guide and friend. We had moderate
courses in rhetoric and logic, and a very
slight smattering of French. Besides
these, I do not remember anything of im-
portance in the field of survey opened to
us. We had no German, Italian or Span-
ish ; no history ; very little, if anything, of
political economy ; no instruction in art.; no
leadership into the life of the Old World
and the secrets of its renown, and no elec-
tive studies whatever. The grooves were
definite and constrictive, and we were to
move along them as we might, looking out
at the end, as I have suggested, on one or
other of the three professions toward which
the college was to open the way.
From that to this the change is apparent,
of large reach, and of radical importance.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 7
place for preserving, in security, no doubt,
but in utter secrecy, any book which had
drifted into it from a clergyman's shelves,
now contains nearly fifty thousand vol-
umes, most of them freshly selected, in all
departments of study, and is still steadily
increasing. Meantime, the new and superb
gymnasium gives opportunity and constant
incentive to a graceful and finished physi-
cal culture ; and history appears, the true
preserver and mistress of knowledges, estab-
lished in a principal place among elective
studies from the beginning of the junior
No one, I am sure, will question the wis-
dom of changes like these, or will fail to be
gfrateful for the successive gifts and endow-
ments which have rendered them possible,
as no one, either, can fail to see to what a
vastly widened outlook for the effect of
colleg^e-training such changes and expan-
sions point. Where it was the rigorous
aim to train men for one of the three pro-
fessions then called " learned," the object
now evidently is to give the more liberal,
many-sided instruction, which shall fit men
for useful, happy and illuminated lives, in
any department of future activity, profes-
1 8 AMHERST CHAPTER
sional, educational, editorial, artistic, or
commercial, social and domestic. To ac-
custom men to right methods of study,
and to form in them the habit of pursuing
such methods, thus starting them fairly on
their courses of independent inquiry, while
giving them just and liberal views of the
changing thought and life of the world,
that they may be more cultivated persons
wherever afterward they may live, and
whatever work they may accept — this is
now the purpose of the college. It is a
wise and beautiful purpose, which must
command the approval of all. In a con-
stantly increasing multitude of persons,
throughout widening circles, life will be
silently but generously enriched by the
studies here pursued. In all walks of life,
and not only in the professions, those will
appear who feel themselves owing a debt of
gratitude to the text-books and the teachers
from whom they received early guidance
with an energetic and continuing impulse.
Let me illustrate this somewhat more
distinctly, by noticing the peculiar and per-
manent benefits of that study of history
which, as I said, was here formerly wholly
ignored, but which now has a place so
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 9
prominent and constant sympathetically as-
signed to it. This special instance will,
perhaps, present as clearly as any, both the
extent and the benefit of the change which
has here taken place.
Of course the recorded annals of man-
kind cannot be exhibited, can hardly be
sketched in more than vague outline, by
the most accomplished and diligent teacher,
in the term of two years. But the great
periods in history can be distinguished ;
the places of some eminent persons in its
inter-connected though complex develop-
ment can be fairly indicated, and the
general trend of the forces which it shows,
in particular ages or in the whole far-
spreading progress, can be clearly set forth.
What is better still, those who enter on the
study can have their taste for it cherished,
can learn the rewarding methods of in-
quiry, can be assisted to a fairly critical
judgment of authors, and be distinctly set
' upon the path toward wider, finer and
more exact knowledge to be subsequently
gained ; and these are effects important
in themselves, while alive with promise,
which will make any two years of study
of memorable value.
20 AMHERST CHAPTER
The mind is always expanded and liber-
alized by what puts distant lands and times,
with the exacting and disciplinary experi-
ences of one*s own ancestors or of other
peoples, distinctly before it. To a certain
extent foreign travel does this, as it sets the
immeasurably wider expanses, filled with
energetic and laborious life, in contrast
with the narrower scenes with which one
before had been familiar ; and he who has
stood with any thoughtfulness amid the
crowded immensities of London — an em-
pire in itself, who has looked through
curious whirls of reminiscence upon the
ancient streets of Paris or its stately boule-
vards, or who has followed the Unter den
Linden from the Schloss to the Branden-
burg Gate, before whom Munich, Vienna,
Venice, Florence, Naples, Milan, Madrid,
have opened their treasures, to whom Rome
has appeared, across the Campagna, a city
ascending out of the past, but with the
dome of later date roofing the throne of its
existing empire of souls — such a man can
never again be in mind, in range of thought,
in intellectual sympathy, what he was be-
fore the broadening experience. It is thus
that the easier modern modes of foreign
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 21
travel become educational, and that those
are multiplying in all our communities who
have been essentially widened in view, by
their acquaintance with other lands, for the
contemplation of proximate questions. The
parish period has almost disappeared from
even our popular mental development.
But history, when carefully studied —
studied as it should be, with maps, topogra-
phic plans, careful itineraries, photographs
of monuments or of sites — does the same
thing for the home-keeping student, and
does it in some important respects in a yet
freer and bolder fashion. Egypt, Greece,
Assyria, Persia, the scanty and rugged
strip of Palestine from which influences
have come to regenerate the world, India,
China, the vast outstretch of Russia, from
lands of the olive and the fig, the pome-
granate and the palm, to the lands of the
frozen mammoth and the midnight sun —
we may not traverse these in our journey-
ing, unless we give our life to the business,
but they come before us in the intelligent
study of history, in panoramic breadth,
with photographic distinctness. The cen-
turies of the past present themselves in
perspective. We see the vast cosmical
22 AMHERST CHAPTER
movements from which states have been
born, in which subsequent civilizations
took rise, and in which the devout mind
discovers silent procedures of Providence.
We learn how far removed from us were
initial influences that are now flowering
into results, and how our life is affected at
this hour by political combinations and
military collisions which preceded by ages
the invasion of England by the Normans
or the splendid schemes of Charlemagne.
It is quite impossible that one who reads
with comprehensive attention, till this im-
mense and vital picture is in a measure
opened before him, should not be con-
sciously broadened in thought, expanded
even in mental power ; that he should not
freshly and deeply feel how limited is his
individual sphere ; how local, although mul-
tiplied by endowments from the past, are
his personal opportunities ; what a vast
scheme it is which is being evolved through
stir of discussion, rush of emigration, com-
petitions of industries, crash of conflict, by
the power which gives its unity to history,
and which is perpetually educing great
harmonies out of whatever seeming dis-
cords. An influence of the same kind
ALPHA DELTA PHL 2$
descends upon one in the review of geologic
periods, or in the contemplation of that
stupendous celestial architecture which
shows the infinitesimal minuteness of the
spinning globe on which we live. But the
influence of the study of historical life,
crowning the planet with the mystery and
majesty of personal forces in long career,
makes always a keener appeal to our con-
sciousness, while it inevitably associates
itself, by natural impulse, with those sub-
lime scientific speculations which trace
the fire-mist as it rounds into a world, and
which show the universe, in the immeas-
urable co-ordination of its physical forms
under the rule of harmonious laws, a house
of beauty for beautiful souls.
Not merely a general expansion of
thought, and, one may say, of the compass
of the mind, comes with this larger study of
history. It trains directly, with vigorous
force, in fine proportion, each chief intel-
lectual faculty. In this respect it is often
misconceived by those who regard it as a
pleasant exercise, to be pursued at one's
leisure, but not to be reckoned on as im-
parting to the mind elastic vigor, any fresh
robustness and alertness of power, or any
24 AMHERST CHAPTER
refined capacity of perceptive insight Of
course the memory will be trained, perhaps
all will admit, by the effort to hold distant
periods and persons distinctly in view ; to
keep epochs, and the movements which
marked them, from becoming confused and
entangled in thought ; and to recall, with-
out reference to books, the points at which
tendencies affecting subsequent centuries
slowly or suddenly became apparent, or at
which important tributary influences came
in to reinforce them. But beyond the
memory, it often is doubted if history offers
any energetic or symmetrical discipline to
the mind which pursues it. On the other
hand, it seems too evident to be questioned
that the vigilant, anal)rtic, and reconciling
judgment, by which we separate things
that differ, and harmonize and associate
things that agree, however unlike in out-
ward show ; by which we extricate the
governing forces beneath phenomena, and
set in their historic synthesis the individual
designs and the public aspirations which
co-operate in movements of general impor-
tance — ^that this noble power is essentially
trained, as it is certainly constantly exer-
cised, in any true study of history. I
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 25
think that many present will agree that for
themselves no other form of mental prac-
tice has had closer relation to such an in-
timate and enduring effect ; and I am
quite satisfied that in either of the pro-
fessions, in journalism, in educational work,
or in the simply private life of an edu-
cated citizen, this effect will appear ; that
one accustomed to wide and searching his-
torical inquiries will be more expert in
judging of urgent practical questions pre-
sented to-day, and will have a more dis-
cerning apprehension of the forces work-
ing to modify legislation and to mould
society — forces which are often more for-
midable, or more replete with victorious
energy, because subtle and occult.
It seems to me plain, too, that the intui-
tive moral reason to which the most con-
spicuous action must give its account, and
by which its character is interpreted and
ad judged, which puts a candid estimate upon
motives, and sets whatever historic achieve-
ment presents itself for review in fair con-
nection with special environments of time
or of place, must here find as fruitful
activity, as systematic and quickening a
nurture, as in any department of human
26 AMHERST CHAPTER
research ; and that the historical imagina-
tion — which of course does not rank with
the creative imagination of the poet, but
which is surely akin to that, and perhaps
not less capable of giving incitement and
beautiful pleasure in common experience —
that this has such impulse and sustenance
in the study of the past as cannot be fur-
nished an)rwhere else. So it is that many
of the aspiring and superior minds which
have wrought in letters have taken this
study for their own, and have by their suc-
cesses in it made the world of readers their
grateful debtors. The " personal equation "
has continually appeared among them, in
their judgment of motives, of movements,
and of men ; but in order to form any judg-
ment at all, which the discerning would
respect, they have had to cultivate moral
insight, as well as a discursive and com-
manding intelligence. Records of the cen-
turies, buried in the crypts of archives and
libraries, have had to yield up to the sur-
vey of their genius living forms ; vanished
times have had to be reconstructed by their
thought, in their outward phenomena, and
their constitutive moral and social forces ;
the manifold sensibilities, desires, passions,
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 27
which belong to our nature, have had to be
recognized, and their operation in public
affairs to be patiently exhibited, while the
impressions of peoples on each other have
filled to the edge the crowded canvas.
No teachers, therefore, have done more
than these to educate broadly the ethical
and the mental faculty in those whom they
addressed, and before whom they unrolled
the immense panorama of action, passion,
collision, catastrophe, in the story of nations,
with the energies exerted at critical points
by particular persons, the deeper and more
controlling power belonging to tendencies.
It is strictly true, what Macaulay said : " He
[who reads history] learns to distinguish
what is local from what is universal ; what
is transitory from what is eternal ; to dis-
criminate between exceptions and rules ;
to trace the operation of disturbing causes;
to separate the general principles, which
are always true and everywhere applicable,
from the accidental circumstances with
which in every community they are blended,
and with which, in an isolated community,
they are confounded by the most philoso-
phical mind. Hence it is that in general-
ization the writers of modern times have
28 AMHERST CHAPTER
far surpassed those of antiquity. The
historians of our own country," he adds,
"are unequaled in depth and precision of
reason ; and even in the works of our mere
compilers we often meet with speculations
beyond the reach of Thucydides or Tacitus."
This is the testimony of one who delighted
to tear the vigor and flower of his life from
the Bar and the Senate, from official dis-
tinction and the rarest social opportuni-
ties, that he might survey with ampler
scope, while investigating with microscopic
minuteness, the records of the past ; read-
ing a week to fashion a sentence ; finding
reward for laborious journeys in the more
precise outline of a character, or the more
exact picture of a scene, in even the more
lively turn of a phrase or the more lucid
completeness of a paragraph. If one
needs to see, in near example, the fitness of
historical studies to quicken and maintain
high mental enthusiasm, and to discipline
and enrich as well as to enlist rare and
various mental powers, he may certainly
find the immediate demonstration in the
instance of Lord Macaulay.
A college like this, too, and an audience
like the present, can never fail gratefully
ALPHA DELTA PHL 29
to recognize the large and beautiful moral
impulse delivered upon spirits prepared to
receive it through their contact in history
with great, serene and masterful person-
alities, as these present themselves in the
crowded passages which study explores,
daring or suffering in the conflicts of their
time. In common life we can, at best, but
rarely meet such. The saintly and superior
souls are not mustered in regiments. Mul-
titudinous companies of elect spirits do not
yet surround us on earth. It seems, some-
times, as if the enormous secular advances
of which our times are so full and so proud
were lowering the height and dimming
the lustre of the moral ideal, as represented
in the actual of life. Sending messages by
lightning, traveling at forty miles to the
hour, crossing in a week the ocean which
the Mayflower perilously breasted, in our
sumptuous vessels, framed of iron, luxurious
in appointment, propelled from within, and
gay with color as so many swimming sum-
mer-gardens — these applauded achieve-
ments do not tend of necessity to the up-
building of nobler courage, to the develop-
ment of a luminous moral wisdom, to the
culture of even philosophical refinement,
30 AMHERST CHAPTER
or the nurture of the temper of devout
aspiration. On the other hand, do we not
sometimes feel that virtue among us is
coming to be too much a matter of manners;
that the intense subjective processes from
which august character is derived are in a
measure being superseded by the mechan-
ical contrivances and the physical successes
with which our noisy years resound ; and
that the grand and lovely spirits, which are
present still, and in which, whensoever we
touch them, we find strange charm and in-
spiration, are fewer and lonelier than they
were ? Surely we do not meet them often,
and cannot command their presence at our
But in history they abound, and are
always at our service. Marcus Aurelius,
saddest of men, yet imperturbable in a
falling empire, and amid the mad whirl of
an unexplained universe ; Bernard, with
the flaming intensity of his spirit, com-
mander of kings and counselor of pontiffs
while the friend and protector of the low-
liest of the poor, crushing before him the
insolent noble, and facing the fierce fury of
the mob on behalf of the Jew ; Melanch-
thon, with his beautiful enthusiasm for
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 3 1
letters, writing Greek more easily than
German, modest, peace-loving, yet firm in
conviction, devoted to the Master in almost
passionate love, the very St. John of the
stormy Reformation ; William of Orange,
fronting with majestic endurance the ap-
parently irresistible power which swept the
Netherlands with flame and blade, and re-
covering for freedom the land which his
ancestors might literally be said to have
plucked from the sea — these will come to
us when we want them; and with them
all, orators, statesmen, theologians, artists
leaders of crusades like Godfrey of Bouillon,
who would not wear a crown where his
Master had borne the cross, rulers of king-
doms like St. Louis, poets, philanthropists,
heroes, martyrs, the women with the men,
of whom the world of their time was not
worthy, by whom the world is made
worthier to-day. We may wait years, or
we may journey thousands of miles, to
meet in the present the special spirit whose
office it is, and whose charming preroga-
tive, to kindle and ennoble ours. It is
but to step to the library shelf to come
face to face with such in the past, if
we know where to find them ; nay, it is
32 AMHERST CHAPTER
but to let the thought go backward, over
what has become distinct to our minds, and
the silent company is around us ; the com-
munion of rejoicing and consecrated souls,
the illustrious fellowship, in the presence
of whom our meanness is rebuked, our
cowardice is shamed, and we become the
freer children of God and of the Truth.
Not only the romance of the world is in
history, but influences so high in source
and in force as to be even sacred descend
through it. Benedictive, sacramental, is
its touch upon responsive souls. We become
comparatively careless of circumstances ;
aware of kinship, in whatever heroic ele-
ment may be in us, with the choice, tran-
scendent spirits ; regardless of the criti-
cism, or the snarling scoffs, which here may
surround us, if only conscious of a deeper
and more complete correspondence with
those whose elate and unsubduable tem-
per remains among the treasures of man-
kind. I think that to our times, especially,
the careful and large study of history is
among the most essential sources of moral
inspiration. The cultivation of it, in ever
larger and richer measure, is one of the
finest and noblest exercises proposed to
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 33
young minds. Any college which introduces
to the society of the spirits which have
made centuries illustrious, takes splendor
and majesty from the office.
The importance of individual life and
effort is also magnified by it, instead of
being diminished or disguised, as men
sometimes fancy ; since one is continually
reminded afresh of the power which belongs
to those spiritual forces which all may
assist in animating and moulding civiliza-
tions. Of course an imperfect study of
history, however rapid and rudimental,
shows how often the individual decision
and the restraining or inspiring action of
great personalities have furnished the pivots
on which multitudinous consequences have
turned ; how, even after long intervals of
time, the effects of such have made them-
selves evident, in changed conditions and
tendencies of peoples ; and so it reminds
us, with incessant iteration, of the vital in-
terlocking of every energetic personal life
with the series of lives which are uncon-
sciously dependent upon it, of the reach
of its influence upon the great complex
of historical progress, and of the service
which each capable or eminent spirit may
34 AMHERST CHAPTER
render to the cause of universal culture
and peace. But those to whom our thoughts
are thus turned have been for the most
part signal men in their time, remarkable
in power, distinguished in opportunity, in-
tuitively discerning the needs of the age,
and with peculiar competence to meet
them. With such we by no means may mate
ourselves; and, so far, the lesson which
history teaches may easily seem to be one
of discouragement rather than of impulse,
inclining us to rely upon occasional great
men as the true pioneers and champions of
progress, and to feel that for ourselves we
have no place and no responsibility in the
assistance of large and permanent public
But a deeper inquiry shows us at once
that such a place and such an obligation
belong to each, since each may aid, in the
measure of his influence, to establish or
renew those spiritual forces which erect
and sustain the great and beautiful civiliza-
tions. It was, we know, the Hellenic spirit,
which not only wreaked itself on immortal
expression in the choicest marbles and
temples of the world, in the eloquence, the
tragedy, the comedy, and the song, the
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 35
high Speculation, and the simple or the
stately story, which have for mankind a per-
ennial charm, but which also faced and
fought the Persian, and made the names of
Marathon and Salamis shine resplendent in
the crowded firmament of the world's recol-
lections ; only in the decadence of which did
Greece yield to the mastery of Macedon.
It was the Anglo-Saxon temper which the
Norman could not extinguish at Hastings
or trample into the bloody ground, which
outlived its invaders, conquered its con-
querors, and in the end forced them to
accept, while modifying in turn, its lan-
guage, its laws, its popular liberties, and,
in great measure, the free spirit of its
religion. And it was not, fundamentally,
by William or by Maurice — conspicuous as
they are on the copious and picturesque
pages of Motley — ^but it was by the spirit,
indestructibly regnant among common
people, that the otherwise defenseless
Batavian plains were saved from the furious
ravage of Spain. The men and women
who were ready to suffer the loss of all for
a King in the heavens — ^the ministers, by no
means accomplished always in the learning
of the schools, but who read and expounded
36 AMHERST CHAPTER
the Holy Word in upper rooms, by the light
of the flames in which their brethren in
faith and in service were being offered as
a sacrifice in the resounding squares below
— ^the common sailors who would blow up
their ships and find graves in the deep,
rather than see the vessels which they
manned the prey of their enemies — the
promiscuous populations, young and old,
nobles and burghers, who would tear away
dykes and drown the land, before they
would accept for themselves and their
children the domination of Philip — ^these
were they who saved their country, giving
to their leaders an indomitable power,
snatching success from the cruel and
haughty hands of what appeared an invin-
cible invasion ; and to them, supremely,
the world owes the immense augmentation
made by that struggle of eighty years to the
freedom, prosperity and culture of Europe.
So, after Jena, Prussia was regenerated,
under the lead of Von Hardenberg and
Von Stein, by the system of common
school education ; and they, more radi-
cally than Bismarck and Von Moltke,
have contributed to make that recent king-
dom the centre of the German Empire,
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 37
the arbitrating power in the interna-
tional politics of Europe. It was true, as
the military attach^ wrote to his master,
the lesser Napoleon, that the schoolmaster,
not the needle-gun, triumphed at Sadowa.
So Scotland, also, with a comparatively
sparse population, on a sterile soil, and
under unpropitious skies, has become the
seemingly inexhaustible source of great
teachings in all departments, industrial,
philosophical, theological, poetic. Out of
the instructed and invigorated life of the
Scottish people have come not only the
looms of Paisley, and the vast industries
on the Clyde, but Scott and Jeffrey,
Erskine and Hume, Chalmers, Guthrie
and Hugh Miller, Burns and Carlyle.
Even in the physical world invisible and
impalpable forces are those which govern :
the light, which strikes without indenting the
infant's eye, which no balances can weigh,
and whose secret remains undiscovered by
man ; the lightning, which subtly paces
the wires, and sheds illumination on streets
and squares, but which shows its effect,
never itself, in the blazing edges of cloven
clouds ; the cohesive attractions which build
and bind all organized bodies, but which
38 AMHERST CHAPTER
the microscope cannot discern ; the life,
which no man can analyze or can see
except in operation ; the inclusive and
vast energy of gravitation, which holds at
once each pebble on the beach, each flying
foam-fleck driven by winds, while it reaches
the farthest nebulae in its grasp, the very
muscle of omnipotence compacting the
universe in its integrity. Tremendous, im-
measurable, as this power is, before its oper-
ation no slightest rustle is stirred amid the
quiet air. So everywhere, structures decay
and forms disappear, the things unseen are
the things eternal. It is the same law
which manifests itself in national develop-
ment. Moral forces are always behind
the palpable phenomena. The historical
progress that moves our admiration has
been initiated, and been afterward assured
and guided, by spiritual energies. We have
never reached the secrets of history till we
apprehend these. And every man and
every woman has his or her work in the
world plainly set forth under the light of
this great lesson. It is for each, in the
measure of the power and opportunity of
each, to cherish and diffuse the temper
out of which in their time the great and
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 39
benign changes shall come. Neither the
eloquent and stimulating speech which
went before our civil war, nor the military
judgment, fortitude, valor, which presided
on its historical fields, would have carried
to success the vast revolution which we
have seen, and for which the country to-
day rejoices from the Lakes to the Gulf,
except for the patient love of freedom and
hatred of slavery which had been nurtured
in quiet homes, by peaceful firesides, in the
preceding years. In dispersed villages the
real battle was fought, not at Gettysburgh
or at Shiloh. The splendid burst of our
century-plant into a bloom as rich and as
brilliant as the continent ever can show,
went back to hidden and homely roots.
And until that great experience is forgot-
ten, the lesson which all the study of his-
tory imperatively teaches cannot lose its
emphasis for us : that every one in a civil-
ized and advancing community has the
opportunity to do something for the future
as well as for the present, and that on each
is set the crown of this noble right, and
this imperious obligation.
I have no function as preacher here, but
I may be permitted to add that history is
40 AMHERST CHAPTER
a department of study leaving, in my judg-
ment, as distinct and salutary religious im-
pressions as does any form of secular
knowledge opened to man. Ours is a his-
torical religion ; coming to us through
historical books, exhibiting its energy
through two thousand years, in the re-
corded advancement of mankind ; which
may be studied almost as distinctly in the
moral and social progress of peoples under
its inspiration as in the writings, of nar-
rative and epistle, which represent the
source and the government of that progress.
Certainly a force incalculable by man was
exerted by this religion in the conversion of
the Roman Empire from the fierce passions
and vices of Paganism to even the partial
and qualified acceptance of the pure and
austere Christian rule. Make all the al-
lowance which the skeptic can ask for the
political and military ambitions which con-
sented to or conspired with the spiritual
changes introduced by Christianity, and it
still remains an astonishing fact, wholly
inexplicable by human analysis, that a re-
cent, unattractive and foreign religion,
hated and fought with the utmost fury
by those whose only moral alliance was
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 41
through their common antagonism to it,
should in less than three centuries have
changed the gardens of Nero into resorts
for Christian worship ; should have scat-
tered its assemblies and their institutions
over the whole civilized world, and have
blazoned the cross on the standards of the
Empire. It must have had a Divine energy
with it and in it to accomplish an effect so
strange and stupendous. On any other
hypothesis the chances were millions on
millions to one, as even thoughtful unbe-
lievers admit, against its success — against,
indeed, its continued existence. The as-
tonishing changes wrought by it are to this
day almost incredible to those who know
what Rome had been under Tiberius, and
what it had come to be in the time of The-
odosius. A power invisible but also invin-
cible, behind the movement, is as evident
as are the subterranean fires in the shining
outbreak of volcanoes, or as are the vast
subterranean forces beneath the shatter-
ing tremble of earthquakes.
Almost equally afterward, in the con-
quest of barbarian tribes, in the fusion, the
restraint and the moral education of the
savage, nomadic and relentless populations
42 AMHERST CHAPTER
from which have gradually come into being
the Christian states of modern Europe —
in the immense constructive energies which
silently wrought, but wrought with amazing
breadth and effect, amid the mediaeval
chaos — in the astonishing reformation of
religion, opening the Bible to the study
of mankind, and using pulpit and printing
press for its conquering instruments against
majestic establishments of hierarchical
power — in the work already in part accom-
plished upon this continent, and which is
swiftly going on in Europe and the East,
in India, Africa, the islands of the Pacific
— the same celestial, unsubduable energy
everywhere confronts us, inhering organi-
cally in our religion, while also inseparably
associated with it in cosmical operation.
No miracle of the Master's time, however
fully accredited, shows more distinctly the
might of God under the human muscle
which it clothed, than do these vast devel-
opments in history His intervening thought
and will. One sees sometimes in a studio
or a gallery a veiled statue, every charac-
teristic line of form and face visible be-
neath what seems a thin film of lace-work,
which itself, however, is wrought in the
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 43
marble. So the very earth on which we
stand is coming to show the face of the
Christ, wrought into it from above, and
revealed through the reticulated hardness
of its slowly yielding civilization. And the
mind of Him from whom sprang the gen-
ius of the sculptor is supremely declared
in this effect.
There is something more, therefore, in
the history of Christendom than philoso-
phy teaching by example. It infolds and
expresses the Christian Religion, working
itself into partial, difficult, but progressive
exhibition, through intractable materials,
against stubborn opposition, with a power
unyielding and undecaying because it is of
God. To one who listens with reverent
heart, the voice of the Master still sounds
amid the uproar of passionate tempests,
and still commands the final calm. The
entire history is, in fact, a kind of second-
ary rubricated Scripture, immense in ex-
tent, covering the continents, written in
colossal Roman and Gothic characters, the
initial letters stamped sometimes in gold
and sometimes in blood, but the vast, con-
fused and tangled text holding in it still
the song of angels, the benedictions on the
44 AMHERST CHAPTER
Mount, the story of Bethlehem, Capernaum
and the cross, the illustrious Ascension, and
the terrible triumph of the Apocalypse.
A divine purpose in all history becomes
gradually apparent to him who with discern-
ing thought surveys its annals. The Bible
proceeds upon the assumption of such a
plan, though perhaps no one of its separ-
ated writers had a full conception of that
which he was in part portraying. Back
beyond the beginnings of history, onward
to the secure consummation, lovely and
immortal, which prophecies prefigure, ex-
tends this plan. Parts of it are yet in-
scrutable to us, as parts of the heavens are
still unsounded by any instruments. But
the conviction becomes constantly clearer,
among those to whom the records of the
past unfold in a measure not contents only
but glowing portents, that a divine mind
has presided over all ; that every remotest
people or tribe has had its part to do or to
bear in the general progress ; and that at
last, when all is interpreted, the unity of the
race, with the incessant interaction of its
parts under the control and in the concord
of a divine scheme, will come distinctly
into view. Mysterious movements, as of
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 45
the peoples who from woods and untamed
wastes inundated Europe, and before whose
irresistible momentum bastions and ram-
parts, the armies and ensigns of the mistress
of the world went hopelessly down, will be
seen to have had their impulse and direc-
tion as well as their end. Great passive
empires, as of China, will be found to have
served some primordial purpose ; and the
Mind which sees the end from the be-
ginning will be evidenced in the ultimate
human development as truly as it is in the
swing of suns or in the constitution of un-
The British Empire a week ago was
ringing and flaming with the august and
brilliant ceremonies which marked the
completion of fifty years in the reign of
one whose name is with us, almost as gen-
erally as in her own realms, a household
word. American hearts joined those of
their kinsmen across the sea, around the
world, in giving God thanks for the purity
and the piety with which the young maiden
of fifty years since has borne herself amid
gladness and grief, overshadowing change
and vast prosperity, and for the progress
of industry and of liberty, of commerce.
46 AMHERST CHAPTER
education and Christian faith by which her
times have been distinguished. But some-
thing more than the wisdom of statesmen,
or the valor of captains, or any silent or
resonant work of man, has been involved
in all this. An unseen power has been
guiding events to the fulfillment of plans
as wide as the world, and far more ancient
than Dover cliffs, with the narrow seas
which gleam around them. The ultimate
kingdom of righteousness and of peace is
nearer for these remarkable years. It was
well to render grateful praise, in church
and chapel, in cathedral and abbey, in
quiet homes and great universities, to Him
who has given such lustre to the fame and
such success to the reign of the wise and
womanly and queenly Victoria.
But as with her reign, so with all that
advancing history of mankind in connec-
tion with which this brilliant half century,
of feminine supremacy and imperial ex-
pansion, has to be set to reveal its signifi-
cance. It everywhere discloses the silent
touch and the sweeping command of Divine
forecasts. It reverberates with echoes to
superlative designs. I know of no other de-
partment of study, outside of the Scriptures,
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 47
more essentially or profoundly religious.
A Christian college may well hold it in
honoring esteem, and give it in perma-
nence an eminent place among the studies
which it proposes.
In our recent country, in our times of
rapid and tumultuous change, it seems to
me that we specially need this, as the
thoughtful among us are specially inclined
to it, since it is vital to the dignity and
self-poise of our national life that we feel
ourselves constantly interknit with the life
of the world, from which the ocean does
not divide us ; that we recognize our mag-
nificent inheritance in the opulent results
of the effort and the struggle of other
generations. It is a distinct and encourag-
ing indication of the best qualities of the
American spirit, as well as of the vigor and
vivacity of the American mind and the
variety of its attainments, that such studies
are eagerly prosecuted among us, and that
those who have given to tfiem, with splen-
did enthusiasm, laborious lives — like Pres-
cott. Motley, our honored Bancroft — have
been among the most inspiring of our
teachers, have gained and will keep their
principal places in that Republic of letters
48 AMHERST CHAPTER
from which the Republic of political fame
must always take grace and renown.
But I have taken this study of history,
Ladies and Gentlemen, not so much to par-
ticularize the various and profuse benefits
of it — for which, of course, volumes would
be needed, instead of paragraphs — as to
indicate by it with a sharper distinctness
the broadened range and brightened out-
look which belong to the college course of
to-day, as compared with that to which we
were accustomed a half century ago. Then,
as I said, nothing of history was here
taught, except as perhaps obscurely sug-
gested by Latin or Greek vocables and
constructions. Now it has this prominent
place among the elective studies of two
years; and the change is significant of
much. The same tendency appears on
other sides, especially, for instance, in the
courses of study now proposed in the mod-
ern languages. These, too, are both for
training and for culture. They come with
the study on which I have dwelt, in an as-
sociation at once natural and close. The
languages of Goethe and Schiller, of
Dante, of Cervantes — the intelligent mas-
tery of these is not for ornament only or
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 49
chiefly, nor even for directer access to the
manifold knowledges distributed in them,
but that one may come to more intimate
contact with the life expressed in Euro-
pean literature in its original forms, and
that the sense of being able to converse
with the masters of thought in their own
tongues may add vigor to faculty, a gen-
eral wealth and lustre to life. So with all
the connected changes in what was of old
the narrow range of the studies here of-
fered. The aim has clearly been, as I have
said, to give to those going forth from the
college, to whatever departments of ex-
perience and of labor, an ampler knowl-
edge, a finer and a nobler power, new instru-
ments for happiness and for useful activity.
The training of faculty, in studious minds,
is still the governing primary aim, with the
impression of the Christian truth and law
and temper. But the wider culture is now
recognized as auxiliary to this, while in it-
self of a beautiful value ; and the college
is unquestionably to widen its range to
further bounds as years go on, and thus
to make itself helpful and dear to more
numerous minds, in more various depart-
ments of skillful work, as generations follow
50 AMHERST CHAPTER
in their silent succession. So will it continue,
and so will it become yet more and more, a
beautiful power in the civilization to which
it contributes. It is the expectation of this,
and not merely the memory of the past,
which animates our hearts as we gather
here to-day. Not with every year, perhaps,
shall this growing oak add another con-
centric ring of equipment or of discipline
to its previous substance, but when another
half century shall have passed how many
shall have been these silent augmentations !
How broad the shadow, and how solid the
strength, of that which here in our own
time was anxiously planted, in poverty, but
with prayer !
Gathered as we are by this special an-
niversary, it is a question which naturally
meets us, and toward which this rapid and
imperfect discussion has constantly tended.
What is the native and normal relation of
a fraternity like ours to this great change
in the customary courses of college in-
struction, and to the wider effects which it
contemplates ? and this is a question the
answer to which is not far to seek.
By gathering to itself, as has been the
effort of this fraternity, those of choice
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 5 1
intellectual parts, and of earnest and ca-
tholic literary tastes, as well as of whole-
some moral instincts and agreeable social
manners, it systematically reinforces among
its members the spirit of generous scholar-
ly enterprise. Knitting students together in
personal affiliation for intellectual purposes,
it makes their minds interactive on each
other, not in public competitions, but in
the private communications of defined and
limited circles, while any distinguished
success of either becomes a part of the
pride of the chapter. Students so related
necessarily and constantly educate each
other, maintaining among them the common
aspiration for widened knowledge, for more
various accomplishments, a more carefully
trained intellectual force. The familiar
criticism which they continually meet is
cheering and quickening, not discouraging.
In all kindness and confidence they search
each other, till each is likely to learn the
lesson of the legend inscribed over the
statue of Tycho Brahe in the Thein church
at Prague (Professor Tyler is responsi-
ble for the old-fashioned pronunciation):
" Esse potius quam haberi" The common
desire to make the finest use of their
52 AMHERST CHAPTER
powers, if not in one particular department
then in another, is as natural to students
so associated as friendship is to sympa-
thetic households. One might almost say
that it comes as certainly as any effect of
physical law, in the perfumed breath which
steals forth from gardens, or in the lush
foliage of June. It is native, not imported ;
and it has a power of its own, not only to
sustain the nobly ambitious, but even to
curb the unruly and to animate the slug-
An influence of this kind is always im-
portant, not easy to secure, of great value
when gained, in any college ; and some
plan of the sort with which we are
familiar seems almost indispensable to it,
since the mind of the student takes in-
centive and guidance from the minds of
others of his own standing, or but slightly
advanced, quite as readily at least, and
quite as richly, as from any minds of
older teachers, which are to him relatively
remote. It is an influence peculiarly im-
portant, it seems to me, in our time, when
the taste for athletic competition and
achievement has become so wide and so
engrossing. The change in this respect
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 53
from the college of our earlier day, with
its swings and rough bars in the open air,
its creaking spring-board and wheezing
foot-ball, is as striking as any that has
occurred. It came almost as suddenly as
a cyclone, though it came to stay. A
bright young man in one of our older
Eastern colleges was rusticated in his
junior year for visiting a bowling alley too
often. Being a man of good habits, of
fair scholarship, and of excellent character,
he came back to his class, was graduated
with honor, and two years after was ap-
pointed tutor, one of the duties of his
tutorship being to see that the men in his
division went regularly to the work of the
gymnasium, in which the bowling alley was
a principal feature. The change is wise,
and greatly beneficial. It is plainly a
return, even if in the somewhat boisterous
American fashion, toward the Greek idea
of simultaneous and harmonious training of
body and of mind as necessary to a com-
plete education. But there has been some
danger, perhaps, that the element coming
in with this later vehemence might disturb
and obscure that to which it has been
added, as the rushing Arve muddies the
54 AMHERST CHAPTER
clear blue of the Rhone into which it is
absorbed. The temper of intellectual
aspiration, quickened and sustained by
frequent and intimate intellectual fellow-
ships, must keep its pre-eminence, or the
college would soon become a mere shouting
and stormy athletic club. A fraternity like
ours, working normally, works always in
the needed direction. It animates the
taste for variety in study, and is thus in
constitutional sympathy with the entire
intellectual movement within the colleges
in recent years. It puts the stimulated
minds of its members face to face, for
mutual discipline, reciprocal incentive ;
and it is always study which it helps, a
manifold culture, rather than any develop-
ment of muscle. Its running matches are
in the fields of the Muses. Its applauded
achievements are in the domain of letters
and the arts. The leap and wrestle which
it encourages, are between minds moving
from thought to thought, and from author
It has even a distinctly moral influence,
as evident as the mental, and yet more
beneficent. Instances are within my
knowledge in which certain bright and
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 55
eager young men, peculiarly susceptible to
college temptations, while peculiarly fit for
college successes, have been restrained from
bad associations, have been excited to
better ambitions, have been enveloped, to
their permanent advantage, in a govern-
ing spirit within the chapter which wrought
for a gentler and nobler manhood. I cannot
but think that a wise faculty will always
shelter, favor and cherish any association
which works in this temper for ends so
A beneficial influence belongs also, in-
herently, to such an organized fraternity,
arising from the fact that whatever has been
done by its older members, after gradu-
ation, in the way of distinguished liter-
ary work, of eloquent speech, of effective
assistance to generous movements, is kept
more distinctly before the minds of those
tarrying in the chapters from whose active
exercises the others have withdrawn. A
certain sense of special fellowship unites
therein the younger with the older, which
in its way, and in the measure of its reach,
is an educating power. The students of
a college are always glad, and properly
proud, when one of its graduates attains
56 AMHERST CHAPTER
high distinction in the literary, the profes-
sional, or the political field. But the mem-
bers of a chapter have a clearer and a
closer sense of just gratification when one
whose name is borne on their rolls achieves
a useful and high distinction. Old stories
are recalled of his earlier efforts ; his
subsequent methods, in study and in the
culture of style, are more carefully scanned ;
a fresh ambition is started in those who
have their own place to attain in the world ;
and I cannot doubt that many responsive
and on-looking minds, in this chapter and
in others, have been inspired to greater
ardor in appropriate studies, and greater
persistency in intellectual exercise, to ac-
quire for themselves a noble and an ex-
quisite English style, to master the power of
high and rich and discriminated thought,
to prepare themselves for large offices
in the world — because belonging to chap-
ters bearing in eminence on their rolls
names like those of Frederic Huntington,
Algernon Sullivan, Truman Backus, of the
Choate who adds new honor to the name,
of the Curtis whose touch of velvet smooth-
ness, in daintiest sentences, hides behind it
a sensitive conscience, with purposes strong
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 57
as sinews of steel. Each member feels a
fresh responsibility resting upon him to
keep himself worthy of companionship like
theirs ; to prepare himself to stand, when
the time has come, in the ranks upon which
abides a lustre from names so honored.
Even names which death has crowned with
stars — like that of the accomplished
scholar, the eloquent teacher, the wide-
minded theologian, whose presence we
had gladly expected to-day, and sadly miss
— have a continuing power to bless. They
do not fade from eye or thought, but
beckon us up to higher levels, while we a
little longer linger,
A peculiar sense of union with others
closely and happily associated with one in
such a fraternity goes forward with him,
too, into subsequent life, wherever and in
whatsoever vocation his lot may be cast ;
and this brings its own beauty and blessing.
It is inevitable, as I have said, that the out-
come of the college system, as it now is
presented, should be shown on more diver-
sified fields of subsequent labor than were
contemplated a half century ago. Not all
men trained in such institutions as this is
rapidly coming to be are to be ministers.
58 AMHERST CHAPTER
lawyers, or physicians. Some will be archi-
tects, painters, sculptors ; some will be
editors, authors, teachers ; some will be
scientists, inventors, explorers, or civil
engineers; and some will be cultured
merchants, perhaps, manufacturers, bank-
ers, railway officers, or men of property
and leisure. Their paths will diverge more
and more, as life goes on, and. their sepa-
rated employments will tend to keep them
apart from each other. Without some in-
fluence in the opposite direction, the effect
may be to prevent the invigorating con-
tact of their minds with each other, by
absorbing each, with a narrowing rigor, in
his special pursuit. It is well and salutary,
under circumstances like these, that there
be strong and vital sympathies uniting
them in after life, arising from com-
mon glad recollections of sympathetic as-
sociation in the earlier days ; that they go
back together to the pleasant reunions,
intellectual and social, of the chapter-house
and its meetings ; that the earlier collisions
and happy affiliations of mind with mind
come freshly to their remembering thought.
So will be likely to be kept alive in them a
certain healthful and beautiful correspon-
ALPHA DELTA PHL 59
dence of spirit and aim, in the broader life
into which they have entered. The college
itself will have for their memories a livelier
charm. The earlier aspiration will more
surely survive in their souls. Unconscious-
ly, even, they will heed and fulfill the noble
advice which the Marquis de Posa, accord-
ing to Schiller, sent by the Queen to his
pupil, Don Carlos: "To revere in manhood
the dreams of his youth, and not to be led
astray when by the wisdom of the dust he
hears enthusiasm blasphemed." In our
hurried American society, full as it is of
secular ambitions, of rapidity, noise, and
the clamor for success in whatever depart-
ment, this seems to me peculiarly needful ;
and certainly the impulse of a fraternity
like this, and like others established with
similarly discreet plans and aims, must sup-
ply here a force of essential value, and of
It tends as well, I am equally sure, in the
measure of its influence, to remove the prej-
udices which used to exist between the
students of different colleges, and even to
bring the institutions themselves into hap-
pier relations, as members of the several
chapters of the fraternity, in the various
6o AMHERST CHAPTER
colleges, meet in a co-operative sympathy,
and honor and rejoice in each other's suc-
cess. The old temper was one, we must
admit, rather of distrust, or of positive dis-
like, between the colleges of the sea-board
and these among the hills ; between the
latter, among themselves. In my time
here, the typical Harvard student was to us
one who did not greatly exercise his brain,
but who wore glasses, carried a cane, was
curled and perfumed, and studiously parted
his hair in the middle. His conception of
us was, doubtless, a caricature equally gro-
tesque, but in a widely different direction.
From those of not a few other colleges we
expected vigor, pluck, intellectual push,
but with palpable deficiencies in refine-
ment and grace. Many causes have modi-
fied this spirit of mutual disrespect, largely
ameliorating if they have not abolished it.
One of the causes operating in this way,
with an excellent effect, has been the fre-
quent communications between the chapters
of general fraternities extending into many
colleges. The more distinguished students
in each have become known to the others.
The governing sense of common aims, and
a common work, has been constantly
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 6 1
reinforced in each toward the rest. A cer-
tain solidarity, of harmonious aspiration and
of reciprocal interest, comes by degrees to
be established among them. The time is
certainly hastened in its approach when all
the colleges scattered over the land will
recognize themselves as only local con-
stituent members of the real and great
American University ; which will have no
single cathedral city, but the campus of
the continent, for its seat, and which will
be richer than in any renown derived from
the past through the fame which it wins
by training men for great utilities, noble
offices. By training meny I have said ; but
the training of women, through similar
methods, with an equal effect, is a part of
the modern widened movement among
American colleges, as important as the
other which I have sketched, in close har-
mony with it, and assuming rapidly equal
proportions. Newnham and Girton have
lately surprised the English universities by
the accurate and large learning imparted
in them. Smith College and Amherst will
have as well their friendly rivalries and
eager competitions, and the vexed problem
of co-education may be held, I think, by
62 AMHERST CHAPTER
the most exacting and fastidious critic, to
have found in them its proper solution, un-
less Amherst and Northampton are farther
from each other than they used to be when
I was young. The final University which
is thus magnificently arising among us will
embrace in itself all such equipped and ad-
vancing schools, of training and culture, in
any State, for either sex. Its vastness and
opulence will have had no parallel among
the comparatively restricted institutions
across the sea, to which kings and
prelates have made contribution. Its
spires will shine from the sounding
Atlantic onward to the ocean of Peace.
Multitudinous associations, clinging more
tenaciously than tentacles of ivy, will
robe its far extending walls, as the pave-
ments of its corridors are worn by the
feet of successive generations. Its chiming
bells, with musical triumph, will ring in the
era of assured liberty, of popular intelli-
gence with a refined and ripened culture, .
of thriving enterprise, and of Christian
So, Mr. President, ladies and gentle-
men, and brothers of the fraternity, I join
with you in gladness at the fact that the
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 63
fifty years since this chapter was organized
have seen it growing in strength and fame,
keeping at least in equal advance with the
college in which it is embosomed ; and I
join with you equally in the hope that when
another half century, shall have passed it
may have only an ampler power, a richer
promise, a nobler fame. The traveler in
Switzerland not unfrequently sees in the
eastern sky what he takes to be a patch of
cloud, fair but fleeting, white beneath the
morning light, silently transfigured, as if
charged from within by golden, chrysolite,
opaline lustres, when the sun has passed
the meridian. Its permanence gives it
interpretation. It is not a cloud, but a
mountain peak, solid as the earth from
which it arises, though delicate in outline,
and burning in the air like a translucent
gem. This chapter which we love seemed
to some, no doubt, in the days when the
morning light lay on our path, a passing
whirl of mist-laden air, hovering for a
season in the sky of the college. It has
kept its place, never expanding to large
proportions, but growing more eminent and
more variously lucent before our thought
as the sun for us has descended in the west.
64 AMHERST CHAPTER
I trust that it will be as permanent as the
college, and will be constantly clothed
upon with a more attractive and various
charm, as the sun which is to mark the
following centuries in the life of the college
seeks its, as yet, unseen horizon.
REMARKS OF THE TOAST-MASTER
HON. JOHN E. SANFORD, '51.
Brothers of the Alpha Delta Phi^ Ladies
and Gentlemen :
If the man who invented the calendar
had had the advantage of fifty years* ex-
perience in this society, and had thereby
gained some adequate conception of what
would be a suitable allotment of time for
a semi-centennial celebration, I do him the
justice to believe that he would have made
his day consist of more than twenty-four
hours ; but, as a consequence of his origi-
nal and irrevocable blunder, the few and
fleeting hours that remain to us, as well as
this list which I hold in my hand, remind us
that the last and best course of the evening,
the course of speech and song, must not
be long delayed.
We close to-night, brethren, with this
banquet, a glad and memorable day in the
history of our beloved Amherst Chapter,
a day most auspiciously and splendidly
68 AMHERST CHAPTER
opened in the public exercises of the
morning, a day to be closed, I hope, not
less fittingly and happily here to-night. I
trust I know too well the nature of the
duty which has been assigned to me to
abuse its privilege or to trespass upon your
indulgence. He who has the honor to
preside — they sometimes call him the
speaker of the assembly — must never be
its speech-maker. I am here as a means
to an end simply, and you, not I, constitute
that end. I know that there is no brother
here whose heart is not full of thoughts
if not of words. I may not speak here of
the memories and traditions of these fifty
years, the influences, the aspirations, the
helpful and uplifting fellowships which
Alpha Delta Phi has given to us ; in a
word, all that our beloved fraternity has
done for us and been to us. I am only too
glad that these will find more fitting ex-
pressions at your lips. Let me content
myself, then, with voicing only the con-
gratulations of the day and the hour. Let
me speak the welcome of every brother
here to every, other brother, to all honored
guests as well, and let me not forget these
spectators, these better angels of our
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 69
nature, whose presence here to-night adds
a new and welcome charm and zest to
Fifty years is surely long enough to
test the relation of our Society, and of
like societies, and the occasion naturally
suggests what the true relation has been
and shall be. No one can more fully dis-
cuss that question than the president of
the college. I have, therefore, the honor
to propose the first subject, " The Relation
of Greek Letter Societies to College Dis-
cipline,*' and to introduce to you President
THE RELATIONS OF GREEK LET-
TER SOCIETIES TO COLLEGE
PRESIDENT JULIUS H. SEELYE.
Every one familiar with the facts in the
case must judge favorably of the Greek
letter societies in Amherst College. With-
out a doubt they exercise a wholesome
energy both upon their individual members
and upon the college. Combination is
strength, whether with young men or old,
and where men combine for good ends
better results may, of course, be looked for
than where the same ends are sought by
Now the aim of these societies is cer-
tainly good. They are not formed for
pleasure simply, though they are one of
the most fruitful sources of pleasure in a
student's college life. Their first aim is
the improvement of their members — im-
provement in literary culture and in manly
ALPHA DELTA PHL J I
character. They are all of them literary
societies. An effort was made not long
since to introduce among us a new society
with prominently social rather than literary
aims, but it not only failed to receive the
requisite assent of the president of the
college, but was not favored by any con-
siderable number of the students, many of
whom stoutly opposed it.
The aim of these societies is, I say, im-
provement in literary culture and in manly
character, and this aim is reasonably justi-
fied by the results. It is not accidental that
the foremost men in college, as a rule, be-
long to some of these societies. That each
society should seek for its membership the
best scholars, the best writers and speakers,
the best men of a class, shows well where
its strength is thought to lie. A student
entering one of these societies finds a
healthy stimulus in the repute which his
fraternity shall share from his successful
work. The rivalry of individuals loses
much of its narrowness, and almost all of
its envy, when the prize which the indi-
vidual seeks is valued chiefly for its bene-
fit to the fellowship to which he belongs.
Doubtless members of these societies often
72 AMHERST CHAPTER
remain narrow-minded and laggard in the
race, after all the influence of their society
has been expended upon them, but the in-
fluence is a broadening and a quickening
one, notwithstanding. Under its power
the self-conceit of a young man is more
likely to give way to self-control than oth-
One of the happiest features of society
life at Amherst, introduced, like every
other, by your own society, fair mother of
us all, is the life in the chapter-houses.
There are no better residences, and none
better kept, in the village than these.
They are not extravagant, but they are
neat and tasteful; they have pleasant
grounds surrounding them, the cost of
rooms in them is not greater than the
average cost in other houses, and they not
only furnish the students occupying them
a pleasant home, but the care of the home
and its surroundings is itself a culture.
There need be no objection to these
societies on account of their secrecy. The
secrecy is largely in name ; is, in fact,
little more than the privacy proper to the
most familiar intercourse of families and
friends. Treated as the societies are
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 73
among us, and occupying the ground they
do, no mischief comes from their secrecy.
Instead of promoting cliques and cabals,
in point of fact we find less of them than
the history of the college shows before the
societies came. The rivalry between them
is a healthy one, and is conducted openly
and in a manly way.
The societies must give back, to the col-
lege the tone they have first received. I
observe that good Dr. McCosh, at Prince-
ton, is solicitous about their influence there,
but I am persuaded that in any college
where the prevailing life is true and earnest,
the societies fed by its fountain will send
back bright and quickening streams. They
certainly give gladness and refreshment to
our whole college, life at Amherst.
If, for me, having my name enrolled in
a society not yet crowned with the laurels
of fifty years of such a history as is repre-
sented here to-night, it be proper to make
a suggestion to the Amherst chapter of
the Alpha Delta Phi, I beg leave to ask
whether, leading all our history, as you
have so honorably done, you may not
introduce another new departure, in the
endowment of fraternity scholarships or
74 AMHERST CHAPTER
fellowships for advanced students, under-
graduate or graduate ? Better, I think,
than any other large expenditure in behalf
of the society, would such endowments
serve both the society and the college.
I thank you, Mr. President and gentle-
men, for the honor done me, and the
pleasure afforded by the invitation to be
present at these festivities. I accept the
invitation, as officially given to the presi-
dent of the college, and I gratefully rec-
ognize, in behalf of the college, both what
this fraternity has already done in making
its history so brilliant with illustrious names,
and what it is doing to-day in adorning and
strengthening the college in making its
members purer, braver, truer men, and in
using its increasing power for increasing
growth in all that is honorable and of good
report. I look upon its past and its pres-
ent as the bright dawn of a brighter day.
A HALF CENTURY AGO.
REV. £.♦£. BLISS, D.D., '37.
Brothers of the Alpha Delta Phi :
I need not assure you that it gives me
great pleasure to be present at this our
semi-centennial. So far as I remember, it
is the first time I have met anything like
the general gathering of the Fraternity
during the fifty years that have elapsed
since I was graduated. You must, therefore,
my brethren, understand with what an
appetite, after fifty years of famishing, I
come to your banquet to-night. And now,
in rising to speak a few words — for they
will be few — in regard to those fifty years
ago, I beg your indulgence for the imper-
fections of my speech.
I have been, as has been stated, fifty
years in a foreign land on the other side of
the Atlantic, and have been obliged to speak
to my fellowmen in another language than
the English, so that my English tongue is
a good deal tied. And what is worse,
76 AMHERST CHAPTER
living among a people whose great watch-
word is, " Slowly, slowly," the impress has
come upon my body and my mind. The
conductors of your street-cars say to me,
"Step lively!" Well, we do not step lively
in Turkey. I feel sometimes a great danger
of being overrun and trodden under foot,
and I am inclined to turn to those behind
me and say, "Slowly, slowly." If I were
seeking employment in this country I do
not know but I would ask for a position
as street preacher, and take my position
upon some street in Boston and say to the
crowd, "Slowly, slowly." The effect has
been to make me and my mind move slowly,
in sympathy with those men of the slow
country, and you may well understand that
I feel rather dazed here to-night amidst
the evidence of the movements of these
modern times. I feel like a man who has
come out from a mine. In fact, my prin-
cipal work in the mission with which I am
connected, has been in the publication
work, and, like the miners, we walk and
work under great disadvantages; but, by
and by, though I am not a prophet or the
son of a prophet, you will see some great
changes in the Turkish country.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 77
But I must hasten to the fifty years ago,
or I shall never get there. I suppose the
colleges of fifty years ago were rather slow.
When I came to college I was not helped
by steam ; I footed it. And we did not
have very much assistance from the light-
ning in communicating our ideas. We dug
into the ground, and we were not very sure
of what we found there. It was a slow
time ; but, brethren of the Alpha Delta
Phi, progress was beginning to come. Mr.
Eells's spirit was beginning to be felt. The
result was the organization of the Amherst
Chapter of the Alpha Delta Phi.
There were some preliminary movements
in the direction of historical study, of
which Dr. Storrs has spoken so eloquently
to-day. This branch grew out of the
desire for the pursuance of these historical
studies. We did organize, there was nobody
to refuse us, and so we gathered on the
principle of elective affinity, and we soon
found that we were in communication with
congenial spirits of other institutions. We
were a small company and our numbers
were modest as compared with what greets
my eye on this semi-centennial. I remem-
ber very distinctly the small room in the
78 AMHERST CHAPTER
small entry to what was then called South
College. I speak not derogatively of
college studies nor those who were our
teachers, but we felt that it would be a
benefit for us to extend our thoughts and
widen the scope of our imagination and
seek for things which were excellent in
other lines than those which were in the
regular college course of studies. We
adopted the motto — I think it was
Coleridge's : " Plain living and high think-
ing.** We thought that motto might be
transferred to another field, and we made
it ours. Well, we have gone on in the line
of plain living — some of us have been
obliged to — but whether we have accom-
plished anything in the way of high think-
ing I will not undertake to say. Some of
our Fraternity have attained to their ideals
to some extent. Others have not, but we
rejoice in the benefit and happiness we
have derived from association. I have
often met with members of this society
who have come traveling in the East, and
it has always been a great pleasure to give
them the hand of fellowship.
I rejoice in the evidence of growth which
I see continually, and in the success which
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 79
has attended this organization. It has
come to be a power far greater than any-
thing we could have expected in those days.
May your future be as prosperous as has
been your past, and success always attend
this, our society.
THE CHIVALRY OF ALPHA DELTA
HON. ALGERNON S. SULLIVAN, Miami, '45.
Mr. President and Gentlemen :
After the splendor of oratory which has
shone upon us to-day, I can almost imagine
that the real purpose of the Amherst Chap-
ter on this occasion was not to celebrate its
fiftieth anniversary, but to exhibit to the
world that, although its matchless trinity of
orators has been broken by the translation
of Henry Ward Beecher and Roswell D.
Hitchcock, it still remains true that the
brightest star and the fairest flower in the
field of American eloquence still abides in
the possession of the Amherst Chapter. Dr.
Storrs gave the key to all the thought that
must continue to the end of the celebration
and the festivities, placed upon it by the
inexorable law, his own conception of what
it is to be an Alpha Delta Phi.
My toast, as I look at it, seems to me to
be a little too heroic, and yet the very cir-
cumstances which the speaker mentioned —
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 8 1
my knowledge of the foundation, although
not contemporary with it, of the first child
of Alpha Delta Phi in the organization of
the Hamilton Chapter and my acquaintance
with the brothers whose names have been
mentioned — make it necessary that I should
at once accept the term " The Chivalry of
the Alpha Delta Phi," in a sense that was
made obvious to-day. Taking it to mean
that faith which knights to knighthood
bore, how at once our hearts come in sym-
pathy with it as a proper toast somewhere
in the order of proceedings this evening !
Faith, inspiration, aspiration, duty, high en-
deavor and high achievement, if, indeed^ it
be the right thing to say in the presence of
an intelligent company like this that there is
not high achievement except with high en-
deavor. Certainly it is not true that there
is high achievement without high endeavor
when we are considering the subject on the
plane of action which ought to be above
Tracing the succession of thought that
occurred to me on the acceptance I give
to the term " chivalry,'* it occurred to me
when thinking a few moments ago of the
approach of the summons to respond to
82 AMHERST CHAPTER
this toast, what a kinship there is, what a
potent action there is in all ideal plans.
The ideal of knighthood I have sketched,
but how true it is that all ideal paths
move nearly in parallel lines in this respect
of the advance of thought along a line
that is not only forward but is always up-
ward, until it will bring us to just that
plane which I have defined.
Now, gentlemen, it is true that I come as
a delegate from one of the western chapters
of this Fraternity, and come under circum-
stances and with reminiscences that make
it peculiarly interesting to me if, for a
moment, I can hope to make it interesting
to you. You will bear, in mind — and I in-
dulge in the reference to it the more readily
because it has not yet been referred to —
that our society, that its character and its
qualities, had the personal characteristics
that belonged to our founder, Samuel Eells.
He wrote no creed; there is no constitu-
tion which was to be subscribed to. There
were no pledges. No man can find any
writing from him, or contemporary with
him, giving that law which every mem-
ber of the Fraternity realizes and feels
to be impressed upon him, and yet he
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 83
knows that it is absolutely true that
Samuel Eells's character, Samuel Eells's
methods, Samuel Eells's aims, his inten-
tions, his purposes, his efforts, his whole
being, gave at once, when he formed this
society and when he formed the chapter in
which I had the honor to be initiated — he
gave to it and to its members the impress
of his own character, of his own feelings.
It has abided until to-day, it has culminated
in an assembly here in these classic grounds,
a convention representative of all that is
strong, active, noble, elevating, influential,
beautiful in the life that is coming out as
being the expression of American thought
and American ideas and American pur-
I remember when I left my little village
home in Indiana and moved to Oxford,
Ohio, to attend the Miami University. Im-
mediately on my arrival the subject of dis-
cussion, as usual when any new class ar-
rived, was with regard to the societies con-
nected with the college. First and fore-
most was always mentioned the name of
the little society Alpha Delta Phi. Mr.
Eells had then died, but the coterie per-
sonally selected by him still continued in
84 AMHERST CHAPTER
existence, and I soon learned, when I had
the honor of being requested to become
a member of the society, that the entire
membership looked to Samuel Eells with a
sentiment that was akin to devotion. He
seemed to make such an impression, not only
upon members of the society but upon the
college, that there wa^ no more honored
name than that of Samuel Eells. And I
may be permitted here to say that in that
college, which could fairly be described as
being almost a frontier college, there was
gathered a body of the members of the
Alpha Delta Phi, who, with one exception,
the speaker, have gone out into life and
have continued to live shining lives, and
who do so at this very hour. I only wish
some of this company whom I could name
on that list, instead of myself, as the repre-
sentatives and delegates from that first-
born chapter of Alpha Delta Phi, were
here to speak for it and duly represent it.
I remember when, after leaving college
to study law, selecting Cincinnati for my
home, I entered there again into active
fraternal intercourse with the men who had
learned to know Mr. Eells during the four
years that remained to him of his life after
ALPHA DELTA PHL 8$
he went to Cincinnati for the purpose of
making it his home.
I may be permitted to recall again what
is mentioned in our book of authority and
records, that, as Brother Salmon P. Chase
loved to say privately and at all times,
Samuel Eells displayed, as the founder
of Alpha Delta Phi, his character as a
Christian. I have heard Governor Chase,
again and again, speak in terms of almost
idolizing fondness of his youthful partner,
who died so soon after the opening of his
career in Cincinnati.
Now, gentlemen, this matter of the chiv-
alry of a society means, necessarily, a great
deal when there is a convention at the end
of fifty years of the existence of any chap-
ter or of any order ; in this, that the his-
tory of the society has already made itself
— in its past and for the future as well.
This society is to-day and will be just that
which it has lived up to and lived out in
its fifty years, and I ask you if it be not
fairly true that there has been a vital force
impressed upon it. In its nearly twenty
chapters there has come to be a uniformity
in the high standard, as Samuel Eells in-
tended it, of morals, of character, as being
S6 AMHERST CHAPTER
preferable to mere intellectual culture or
the accumulation of knowledge. He him-
self has said that this end of character of
the development of the entire man in its
manhood; moral, social, as well as intel-
lectual, was the purpose and aim that he
had in assembling kindred spirits and in
founding this organization. Has it not
come to be true of the organization ? I ask
you to turn your thoughts back for a brief
ten hours from the moment when I am
speaking and ask you if it were otherwise
than I have supposed — if it could have
been possible that Dr. Storrs, in com-
ing to make this semi-centennial oration,
could have felt that the occasion, the au-
dience, the Fraternity about him, was of
itself the occasion and the impulse of that
masterly and beautiful review and study,
the educative effect of history in an aca-
demic course and in the course of forma-
tion of character — character that was to be
in sjrmpathy, wholly, with the law and the
example which he put forward almost un-
intentionally and irresistibly as the sum of
human character as developed in realization
of the law of Him who spake as man never
spake. It came from him as the expres-
ALPHA DELTA PHL 87
sion of his own conception that that which
he knew would alone meet the requirement
and expectation of a convention of the
sons of Alpha Delta Phi. It constitutes,
in my mind, the best of all testimonials
as to the history and the nature and the
essential quality of the association.
Now, gentlemen, it is very easy for us to
say this in general, but there is not a day
nor an hour in which there is not, in the
call directly presented to every such asso-
ciation and to every individual of it, a call
for the manifestation of the sentiments and
principles which constitute the foundation
and keystone of our order. I never thought
of it more than I did in an incident which
occurred to me during the day. I stood,
on a stormy and dark night only a week or
two ago, on the heights above Hoboken.
It happened that I was down there and
was detained by a storm, and as the storm
had passed I went to the brink of the hill
and there had that exciting and beautiful
view, the like of which is to be found in
few countries, for it is not often that there
is a great city near which there is a
high beetling cliff as a point of outlook.
As I stood there watching the lights that
88 AMHERST CHAPTER
mark the homes and movements of nearly
three million people, extending almost
from my feet eastward and southward for
nearly a score of miles, not a man was dis-
cernible, not a sound from their existence
was heard, and yet I could feel that I was
on the shore of this sea of humanity — all
moved by the same hopes and the same
plans. And following some of these mov-
ing lights my eye was arrested by one which
fixed and attracted and held my attention,
and in a moment my fancy reminded me
of what it was. I could not see what was
beneath it, but I knew that, raised and
pointing far into the upper air, it was the
blazing beacon upheld by the hand of the
Statue of Liberty. There it was! And
so it is that over every community there is,
to the eye that will look for it, some beacon
and some signal that will be a pointer and
a monitor to tell that it was there for a
purpose, that it relates to and calls out the
proper sentiments and the sense of duty
towards one's fellow-man. I knew I could
not see that figure, but I knew it was
there. I knew what that beacon told. I
knew that it reminded me of the fraternity
between fraternal nations. I knew that it
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 89
reminded me of the guardianship and great
trusts that were put upon the people of
the city of New York. I knew that it re-
minded me of the hearty sympathies of all
the world towards America. I could but
then, as I do now, feel almost an unuttered
prayer : Oh, ye gods of the winds, touch
lightly that central herald in our harbor !
Oh, ye mists that come in from the ocean,
string and gem it so that it will shine like
diamonds in the morning sun, but never
hide it from the faithful sons of Alpha
Delta Phi, who gather in such an increas-
ing colony in the cities about that harbor !
Let it be for ages that it, too, shall stand
there as a consecration of the chivalrous
sentiments, the freedom and the spirit of
evangelism and good citizenship, to all
that are within its reach. So it will be, and
so it is, and so I can speak not only for
the western representation of the Alpha
Delta Phi, but for the Fraternity entire. To
the voice of chivalry calling from that
statue they respond by recognizing the
duties, the claims of manhood and good
So it will ever be, my brothers. I never
realized it so fully as now, when I see the
magnetic attraction that has assembled
this rare convention, and I am only glad
that it is recognized, that it is more than
a mere mechanical line of beauty for the
sons of Alpha Delta Phi, and that there
is that spirit of gallantry and courage of
truth, of high endeavor, to which, without
great extravagance, the term "chivalry"
can be applied.
ALPHA DELTA PHI IN THE
E. K. ALDEN, D.D., '44.
lOnfy Partially Reforted,^
Mr, President and Brethren :
Of the original five members who com-
menced Alpha Delta Phi, three were law-
yers, one was a teacher, and one was a
minister. That proportion has been con-
tinued to the present day. Of the 4,500
members now constituting our honored
Fraternity, a little over 800 represent the
pulpit, and of these about 125 the Amherst
Chapter. Of these 800, speaking now in
round numbers, about 225 are Congrega-
tionalists, 175 are Presbyterians, 140 are
Episcopalians, bishops included, 80 Meth-
odists, 80 Baptists, and about 100 are dis-
tributed among the other varied and vari-
I am called to speak of "Alpha Delta
Phi in the Pulpit," describing them all in
one ideal man. The Congregationalist
and Presbyterian, which mix up pretty well
92 AMHERST CHAPTER
together, is a fine looking face always. You
take the general run of ministers as you
will see them gathered together in a large
room, and the solid, substantial element will
be the Congregational and Presbyterian.
The Episcopalian comes in for ornament —
a very handsome ornament, too — and the
Baptists and Methodists for vigorous action.
Now, in describing this ideal man, the
"Alpha Delta Phi in the Pulpit," the first dis-
tinguishing characteristic — for no other
fraternity can say we do not lead in one
remarkable particular — is that he is Apos-
tolic, When this topic was sent me a few
days ago with the request for a brief ad-
dress, I immediately took down my Greek
concordance and ran over the allusions to
Alpha Delta Phi in the New Testament, and
I found precisely 424 distinct references,
with the names of quite a number of the
brothers. The very first disciple who was
called by our Lord to lead the glorious
company of His disciples to the end of
time is definitely described in the first
chapter of the fourth gospel, as* Alpha
Delta Phi ["a(5«A.<p"] Simon Peter. Con-
sult your Greek Testament and you will
find it there. The man who first led Simon
ALPHA DELTA PHL 93
into the presence of the Master^ was also an
^^AdeXtp '* named Andrew. The two sons of
Zebedee, John and James, are both defi-
nitely called *<A8eX<p," Look up the old
Greek Testament — good reading occasion-
ally for lawyers and teachers as well as
ministers — and you will find abundant il-
lustrations. One case is quite remarkable.
When Saul of Tarsus saw a light from
heaven and was arrested on his persecuting
career at Damascus, and when he needed
one word instantly to arouse, cheer and
start him on his . upward path, " a man
named Ananias " was the elect instrument
to speak that word, and this was the word :
*' ASeXq), Saul, arise." He arose, and
you know what came of it, and how su-
perbly he led forward the great movement
of the Lord's advancing kingdom. Read
his epistles and you will find frequent allu-
sions to Alpha Delta Phi, <'A8eXq) Timo-
thy ; " <<A8£X<p, Titus;" **A8eX(p, Epaph-
roditus ; " " Love the dSeXtp" and so on
to the end of the chapter. That was the
first ''Chapter'' of Alpha Delta Phi. We
may in the presence of the representatives
of all other Greek letter societies rightfully
claim that AA ^ has an apostolic beginning.
94 AMHERST CHAPTER
The second characteristic of this ideal
man is that he is scholarly. [Here the
speaker introduced a long and honored list
of representatives of the fraternity, includ-
ing Profs. Austin Phelps, Henry B. Smith,
Roswell D. Hitchcock, and many more,
closing, as last and by no means least, with
**the man who sits before me, Prof. E. P.
Crowell."] So much for the scholarly fea-
ture in the ideal " Alpha Delta Phi in the
Add to this the general style of man for
practical service, solid, substantial, sound,
faithful and true — the average AA^ wher-
ever found, at home or abroad — a splendid
worker. [Here followed the names of sev-
eral representative men, some of them mis-
sionaries in the broadest aggressive work
of the Church in foreign lands, including
the veteran who was present, a graduate
of fifty years ago, Dr. Edwin E. Bliss, of
Constantinople, including also several in the
audience in the immediate vicinity of the
speaker, special reference being made to
the brothers in the classes of '42 to '46,
Lawyer Stockbridge and Professor March,
who sat one on each side of the speaker,
being on account of their rare excellences.
ALPHA DELTA PHL 95
claimed as in a sense preachers — March
having, in reality, begun in this line even
in his Freshman year, when he first joined
Alpha Delta Phi.]
Put all these men together, letting them
pass one by one before the photographic
plate, something of each going into the one
face thus caught, and you begin to see
what is meant by " Alpha Delta Phi in the
This will be more vividly presented by
looking at the members of one class spec-
ially honored in the public services of the
day. The first time I attained to the dig-
nity of being present at an Amherst College
commencement — indeed, of any college
commencement — was when I was quite a
boy. It was in the year 1839. I had
never before seen a college class, and that
class of '39 was a great and wonderful
sight to my juvenile eyes. I recall the ora-
tions of that red-letter day. There was
one exceedingly youthful graduate, not
quite eighteen years of age. His venera-
ble father, whom I had often seen at my
father's house, was present, wearing quite
an anxious look. When that young man
rose to speak, the old gentleman — I
96 AMHERST CHAPTER
remember the exact expression of his coun-
tenance as I sat watching him — was evident-
ly somewhat apprehensive as to the success
of the inexperienced youth, especially as he
had chosen for his topic of discourse " The
Joys of the Scholar," a subject which at
that time, of course, he knew a great deal
about. When he began, his father's head
dropped instantaneously ; but after two or
three sentences had been pronounced in a
clear, ringing voice, that bowed head began
slowly to lift, and after the fourth or fifth
sentence the whole body straightened up,
and from that time that gratified father, out
of his deep-set eyes, looked steadily and just
a little proudly at the young orator, who
swept ever3rthing before him. That was the
first time I ever listened to a public address
from Richard Salter Storrs, Jr. I recall
also the valedictory from a young man of
decided promise bearing the name of Fred-
eric Dan Huntington. Also an oration —
philosophical I think it was — from a curly-
headed youth called Edward Bates Gillett.
As this last-named brilliant brother is re-
ported in the papers as occasionally occu-
pying the sacred desk in Amherst College
Church and other favored localities, I here
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 97
and now, in the name of Alpha Delta Phi,
claim Gillett as one of the representatives
of the pulpit. Now, put together these
three men as they are to-day, members of
one class, adding, if you please, from the
same class, another of our fraternity,
" Father " Augustine Francis Hewitt, of
the Holy Catholic Church. Mix them up
in good proportions, give them full liberty,
each and all — that freedom of utterance of
which we hear so much in these times — let
them have a fair chance to show what in
their best condition they can do, and you
have a favorable representative of "Alpha
Delta Phi in the Pulpit." If this does not
fully meet our ideal, we can throw in also
from the same fraternity Henry Ward
Beecher, Phillips Brooks and Edward
Everett Hale — if Bishop Huntington will
keep an eye on Dr. Hale's theology — and we
shall certainly have a somewhat brilliant
and effective man. I commend him to the
younger members of the brotherhood as
the ideal Alpha Delta Phi of the pulpit of
Should I select for this coming man a
double motto toward which we might begin
to aspire, even now, " each according to his
pS AMHERST CHAPTER
several ability," it would be the two epi-
taphs upon the memorial stones of the two
brothers, Henry and John Lawrence, who
achieved so noble a work in critical times
in India. One represents the modest esti-
mate a faithful and true man is permitted
to have of himself. The other represents
the estimate which his friends, who know
his genuine worth, may give as their tes-
timony when his work is done. Henry
Lawrence was buried, where as a brave
soldier he fell, at Lucknow, and his epi-
taph, suggested by himself, reads : ^'Here
lies Henry Lawrence^ who tried to do his
duty" His brother is buried in Westmin-
ster Abbey, and above his dust is inscribed
the epitaph suggested by his friends — may
God enable us all so to finish our course
that we may merit the same ! — " Here lies
John Lawrence J who did his duty to the last.'*
ALPHA DELTA PHI IN POLITICS.
HON. GEO. WILLIAM CURTIS, Brunonian, 'S4'
Mr, President and Brethren :
I was delighted to learn early in the
spring that the flag of victorious Alpha
Delta Phi had been raised at last over the
haughty and heroic heights of Boston
under the leadership of Major-General
Choate. I was extremely sorry that I was
unable to take part in the final assault, for
I was holding the post on Staten Island,
and I am glad to report to you that of the
40,000 inhabitants of Staten Island I think
there are not more than 39,999 still outside
of our mystic order. General Choate, fol-
lowing the example of his distinguished
predecessor. General Washington, has
transferred his headquarters from Boston
to New York, which he occupies in great
force, sallying forth from time to time and
doing prodigies of eloquence against the
Sigma Phis, Psi U's, Tau Gammas, and
other hostile Greek tribes ; while across
lOO AMHERST CHAPTER
the river, in Brooklyn, our brother, the
orator of the day, as you may well believe,
offers persuasive benefits of clergy which
melt the hearts of the most depraved
and awaken even the hope of regeneration
in the most desperate and abandoned Delta
This has been an uncommonly favor-
able season for the Greek letter societies.
It began with the New York dinner for
the Greek school at Athens. It was con-
tinued by the triumphant assault at Bos-
ton. It goes on to-day when the Alpha at
Dartmouth celebrates the centennial of
Phi Beta Kappa. But the culmination of
the season is here, and now I speak rever-
ently of Phi Beta Kappa, as of our common
mother ; but Alpha Delta Phi is the prince
royal of the majestic Greek line, and her
semi-centennial here at Amherst is the apex
of this memorable year. I am only sur-
prised, Mr. President, that I find myself
speaking in ^ny other language than that
of Demosthenes or Pindar. I observe, as
I know you did, gentlemen, that our dis-
tinguished chairman of the evening could
with difficulty save himself from lapsing
into the Dorian mood, and wholly in vain
ALPHA DELTA PHL lOI
he Struggled to escape from the Eolian
melody. As for what I may have to say I
can only hope that what it may lack in
Greek it may make up in intelligence, and
I even trust that by some of the younger
members of the Fraternity, at least, I may
be understood if I venture to speak only
in my native Yankee dialect.
The felicity of this day is of many kinds,
but all great transactions require a fitting
scene. I look out upon this historic land-
scape, these beautiful hills to the east where
Shay's rebellion staggered and fell dead,
that luxuriant meadow to the north where
the flower of Essex was plucked by savage
hands, the broad valley to the west where
the river gods of the Connecticut dwelt,
and I behold the proper theatre of this
day's event. Here, also, is the scene of the
most romantic and inspiring of New Eng-
land legends, and if your neighbor, Mr.
George Sheldon, of Deerfield, may dissolve
the tale in the alembic of truth, he cannot
destroy the significance of that tradition
which romance and poetry and the in-
stinct of heroism in the human heart will
not let die. As I look out and see this gar-
den of New England, Holyoke and Tom
I02 AMHERST CHAPTER
guarding, like sentinels, the southern gate,
and Toby, in solitary state watching the
northern approach, I know that I look not
only upon a scene of beauty, but upon
homes of prosperity, of peace, of freedom ;
homes of intelligence, industry and moral
constancy, such as no human eye ever saw
in any other land at any other time.
Alpha Delta Phi in politics ! What is
it, gentlemen, but the integrity, the in-
dependence, the courage, the flower of
Puritan virtues which have given this
region its renown and made it so fair?
There is a great deal of fun made of the
scholar in politics. Let the scholar in
politic restort that he also serves who il-
luminates his own thought and experience
by which we all move with the thought and
experience of all the ages ; that the man
who trains himself by the best knowledge,
who masters history not only in the spirit
and in the sense, but for the purpose and the
result that were so magnificently unfolded
to us this morning, is a man quite as useful
in American politics as the man who reads
only a party organ and holds that **soap "
is the true political solvent, and that honor
and honesty are a super-celestial ambrosia
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 103
altogether too fine and good for the daily
food of politics. You will hear, gentlemen,
those of you who to-day set forth upon your
journey in life — ^ybu will hear a great deal
of Sunday-school statesmanship. But you
will see a great deal more of saloon states-
manship, and I beg you to remember that
the country into which you are born and
which you are to serve, came from the
Sunday-school and not from the saloon.
If to keep your hands clean in politics is to
be a dude, then " dude " is a taunt to be borne
as a wreath like the taunt of " Methodists'*
hurled at Wesley, or of "whig " at the old
opponents of despotism, or of "Yankee
doodle *' at our fathers of the Revolution ;
and if some of these young hearts shrink
and quiver at those dreadful taunts of
" Pharisee ** and " goody-goody " — not yet,
not yet, brethren, have they the lofty faith
and the fiery heart of righteousness, of
which the mystic symbol is Alpha Delta Phi.
Now, there seem to be two ways in which
this Fraternity can serve American politics.
The first is as a body of educated, intelli-
gent, self-respecting men, in assuaging the
fury of party spirit, a spirit which becomes
more furious just in the degree that the
I ©4 AMHERST CHAPTER
real significance of parties disappears. In
this country, gentlemen, we all work
through political parties, but a party is,
after all, the servant and the voter is the
master. But the servant constantly strives
to become the master, and generally suc-
ceeds. I do not need to rehearse to you
the purely partisan spirit. In one of his
letters Swift says : " Even the ladies are
splitting asunder into high church and
low church, and such is their zeal for
religion that they have hardly time to say
their prayers.** Addison, with the same
delicate touch of humor, describes that
charming old Tory fox-hunter in the time
of George the First, who swore that there
had been " no decent weather in England
since William the Third sat upon the
throne;** and that other delightful inn-
keeper, who said that really during
the year he had not been able to go
to church, but he trusted that he had
served the Lord by heading the mob
to pull down a few dissenting meeting-
houses. This is the mildest statement of
the ferocity of party spirit. The better
one is Dr. Johnson's definition of port
wine : " Why, gentlemen, it is black, it is
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 05
thick, and it makes you drunk. What more
do you want ? " Blackguards enough you
will meet in your career. Let this be our
distinction, that the absence of the black-
guard in politics marks the presence of
the Alpha Delta Phi.
There is one other way in which we may
serve our politics, and that is in never being
afraid to stand alone or in the minority. A
man is not necessarily right because he is
in the minority, but remember that every
great movement begins with a minority. It
is not the child of the Medici lounging in
the frescoed corridors of the Vatican, lapped
in all the luxury of ecclesiastical pomp,
and infallibly supreme, from whom we an-
ticipate the impulse of religious purification
and progress, but from some solitary monk
in scholastic seclusion, whose first faint
word is like the earliest glimmer of a spark
in universal gloom, that deepens on into
the noontide glory of the religious liberty
in which we live. When Garrison began,
the mayor of Boston, the curled darling of
Faneuil Hall, wrote : " I have ferreted out
the paper and its editor. His office is in
an obscure hole, his only visible auxiliary is
a black boy, his only known supporters are
Io6 AMHERST CHAPTER
a few insignificant persons of all kinds and
colors." Yes, your honor, yes ; " but give
me a place on which to stand," said Archi-
medes, " and I will move the world." In
an obscure hole Garrison rested his moral
lever and lifted and heaved the opinion of
Gentlemen, the majority rightfully gov-
erns, the majority rightfully rules in elec-
tions and in legislation, because for those
purposes there is no expedient yet devised so
sure and wise. But the majority leaves this
conscience of mine and those consciences
of yours absolutely unruled. No man, I
say, is right because he is in the minority,
but a man is wrong when he fears to be
in the minority. . In all human progress
somebody must go first. In the purifica-
tion and elevation of American politics
let Alpha Delta Phi lead. This is the
spirit of our Fraternity. What else has
been the spirit which was not only un-
folded to us in the glowing eloquence of
the morning's discourse, but which has
invested the life and the career of our
orator with an unfading lustre ? Fifty
years ago another scholar at another col-
lege — and the words were recalled to me as
ALPHA DELTA PHI, I07
I listened this morning — reproducing in our
own literature, in our own matchless prose,
the very thought of Schiller in Don Carlos,
which the orator quoted — Ralph Waldo
Emerson said to the graduates of Dart-
mouth as they left its doors : " When you
shall say, as others do so must I, I re-
nounce, I am sorry for it, the dreams of
my youth, I must eat the fat of the land
and let learning and romantic inspiration
go until a more convenient season, then
dies the man in you, then perish the buds
of art, of poetry, of science, as they have
died already in a thousand, thousand men.
The hour of that choice is the crisis of your
history. See to it that you hold yourself
fast by the intellect."
What else, gentlemen, was the spirit of
him, our brother, whom we had hoped to
see with us this evening, and whose death
is like the sudden extinction of a pure and
bright light by which men were guiding
their footsteps ? Of late years I have seen
little of Dr. Hitchcock, but that same sim-
plicity and earnestness, that same broad
sympathy and charity and kindly humor,
that vigorous and vigilant mind, that glow-
ing heart and burning word of patriotism
Io8 AMHERST CHAPTER.
which lifted and held and strengthened
men in our great national controversy — all
these I knew when wandering with him in
other lands in other summers when the
days were long. But that inflexible con-
stancy, that moral independence, that mod-
esty, that urbanity, that uncompromising
fidelity to duty, let them be not only the
glory of our friend and teacher, let them
be also a tie of Alpha Delta Phi. "Where
flies the white plume of Navarre," said the
old French poet, " there follows victory !"
And how shall we serve our mother so well,
how so truly approve ourselves her chil-
dren, how so surely make her countenance
radiant to all beholders, as by forcing the
cry, where honor and honesty appear in
politics, " There rides Alpha Delta Phi and
Victory at her side ! **
FIFTY YEARS OF AMERICAN
WILLIAM HAYES WARD, D.D., LL.D., '56.
During the fifty years since our loved
fraternity was introduced to this loved col-
lege there has been nothing less than a
revolution in the aims and methods of
American scholarship, and in this revolu-
tion our own members have had their noble
part. Scholarship used to be — I hope it
still is — the chief test by which were gauged
the young candidates for initiation. We
aimed for good scholars, men ambitious
of honestly doing what they came here
professedly to do. No other one thing
would tell so well what was their calibre
and what their executive power. Out of
such men we would get some leaders.
Our country has now fairly entered upon
the second stage of her scholastic history.
The first period was a long one, that of
reception. Our best scholars were little
other than school-boys. They learned what
no AMHERST CHAPTER
Others had put in books, and even the
books were few. Dr. Wayland said forty
years ago that there were not the books in
this country to allow the production of a
thoroughly scholarly treatise. Our fathers
had scarcely the materials or the incitements
to devote themselves to the higher tasks of
original scholarship. What had descended
to them, what other scholars had discovered
and written down, these men taught, so far
as they found it, to their pupils. They
taught them to do what they had done, to
receive and retain, and nothing more.
Of course there were some noble excep-
tions to this rule, but it was a general one.
But besides such sporadic exceptions
there was in the history of American
scholarship just one grand exception, and
that was in theology. New England was
settled by the most independent thinkers in
theology of their day, and the breed has
never become extinct. Every generation
has had its freshened theology. The
younger Edwards enumerated ten points in
which his father had made what he called
"Improvements in Theology," and he
straightway proceeds to add to their num-
ber. It is not the Edward A. Park and
ALPHA DELTA PHI. HI
the Egbert C. Smyth of our generation
alone that we must honor for their produc-
tive as well as receptive power, but before
them Taylor and Emmons and Hopkins
and Bellamy, and chief among them the
greatest factor in theologic progress which
this country has yet seen, President Ed-
wards. When I speak of a revolution in
scholarship in our own days, I expressly
exclude theology, a science peculiarly
The second stage in the history of
American scholarship is the productive.
We have begun to learn to increase and
not simply to preserve knowledge. There-
by we pass out of the eddy into the cur-
rent. A study of Chinese art and science
is worthless. It shows us a path lost in the
sands. Those little-headed people had a
feminine power of worshiping their ances-
tors and retaining what they had given.
But they had not the masculine power of
striking out anything new. If you want
to study productive and useful history, you
must follow the widening current, beginning
at the fountain-head of art and learning on
the shore of the Persian Gulf, where Nim-
rod fought the wild bulls about Eridu the
112 AMHERST CHAPTER
Blessed ; then going north a little to old
Sippara, where the Chaldean historian tells
us that Noah buried the records of the
antediluvian world, and from which he
dug them up after the Flood ; then north
again to Assyria ; thence westward through
old Carchemish and the Hittite Kingdom to
the Sidonian shore; then along the coast and
islands inhabited by awakening Hellenic
tribes, Sardis, Smyrna and Cyprus, till we
reach glorious Greece, in whose development
it seemed for a while that we had attained
the highest possible ridge of progress and
could go no higher. But then, after some
centuries of rest, there came in a new moral
force from Judea, which, taken up at last,
with the scientific principles of Aristotle,
into the blood of fresh nations, produced,
through Italian and Teutonic and Norman
races, the marvel of modern industrial and
scientific, helpful, progressive and pro-
ductive civilization. Only within the last
few years has America got fairly into the
current of this progress and begun to add
to its force.
It was natural that the new era should
begin with science. Geology led the way,
under the impulse of two great men,
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 13
Benjamin Silliman, of Yale, and Edward
Hitchcock, of Amherst. The latter we
claim as one of our brothers, born out of
due time; but his sons, are they not ours by
true birth ? A little later Torrey and Gray
became the fathers of American botany.
Most important of the natural sciences,
biology did not exist until Agassiz was im-
ported to teach in Harvard College. But
that great teacher left behind him a great
company of enthusiastic pupils, each more
advanced than he. Now there is no depart-
ment of the natural sciences, unless it be,
possibly, chemistry, in which we need feel
ashamed of our record by the side of that of
England, Germany or France. Not one of
those nations possesses to-day more active,
original investigators than Hall, Hayden,
Dana, Leconte, Marsh, Cope and a dozen
others, who could be mentioned in geol-
ogy and palaeontology ; than Gray, Wilder,
Coues, Verrill and the younger Agassiz in
biology ; than Newcomb, Peters, Holden,
Young, Gould, Langley, Newton and Asaph
Hall in astronomy ; or than Rutherfurd,
Rowland, Bell and Edison in physics.
Linguistics owes a mighty debt to two
American scholars, the one of them.
114 AMHERST CHAPTER
William D. Whitney, of Yale, and the other,
Francis A. March, of Lafayette. The one
is the father of all them that study Sanscrit,
and the other of all them that love the Anglo-
Saxon and the early English. The latter
we are proud to honor as a brother of our
chapter. There is no more vigorous school
of Sanscritists in the world than those that
call Whitney their father ; and among them
no one has done more honorable original
work than he who is, perhaps, the oldest
of them, our own Amherst brother — Profes-
sor Avery, of Bowdoin College. We con-
gratulate the other institutions that have
got so many of our great scholars. Pro-
fessor March's pupils, who have taken
up the history of European languages,
are younger men, but we shall hear from
The study of the other oriental languages
is yet more recent with us. Twenty-five
years ago Hebrew was taught in a dreamy
way in fifty seminaries, perhaps, and
nothing was known of it. It was a Penn-
sylvania German theological professor
who spoke of Hebrew as that tongue which
he had siebenmal gelernt und siebenmal ver-
gessen. Yale had one man semi-attached
ALPHA DELTA PHL II5
to it who was understood to understand
Arabic ; but less than ten years ago, when
a student at Harvard handed in a thesis
on Arabic studies with a view to the Ph.D.
degree, there was no one in Cambridge
who could pass on it, and it had to be
sent to the aged secretary of the Orien-
tal Society at New Haven. Now we have
not only our summer schools of Hebrew,
where all the Semitic languages are taught
to everybody, but within these last ten
years, not to say five years, our theological
seminaries have been manned with active
and productive Hebraists ; at least three
men are at work in original Syriac investi-
gation, editing new texts, and Assyrian is
taught by competent young men in half a
dozen institutions, while creditable addi-
tions have been made by Lyon, Smith and
others, to our knowledge of Assyrian liter-
ature and art. We are yet behind in some
things — no one knows anything of Egypt-
ology — ^but in no country is the promise
better. There are many more students of
Assyrian in America than in England or
France — more than in Germany.
Let me say a word of the latest of the
sciences. Sociology, from which we cannot
Il6 AMHERST CHAPTER
disconnect history and the science of gov-
ernment. I honor the men who, outside
the schools, under the impulse of the old
political economy or of mere politics, have
made their studies of imposts and tariffs
— ^such men as Carey, and Atkinson, and
Henry George. But within a very few
years a new science of public affairs has
risen, and on a more scientific and induc-
tive basis. It is yet in an inchoate con-
dition. It is yet feeling about for its facts
and has not wholly^found out its principles.
It does not yet quite know whether it is a
science of selfishness or of altruism. In
this work the schools have led the way —
Columbia, Johns Hopkins, Cornell, and last.
Harvard and Yale. All these universities
have fine departments of political science,
and they publish two quarterly journals
than which nothing better appears in
Europe. It is only just to say that one of
our Amherst brothers. Professor Burgess,
of Columbia College, has been more than
any other man the leader of this new move-
ment. The fate that took him from Am-
herst College I have mourned more than
any other misfortune the college has met
since I have known it. Out of what other
ALPHA DELTA PHL II7
influence like his came that troop of young
men that had awakened in them the true
scholar's ambition, and that flocked to
Germany and to our own new Johns Hop-
kins that they might learn not only how
to learn but how to produce ? He has
found, perhaps, a wider field there than he
could have found here, although as I look
over the list of the editors of those pro-
jected cyclopedias of sociological science
that are so soon to come out under the
editorship of Professor Burgess and his as-
sociates, and find six out of nine of them
prepared by Amherst men, I wonder if
Amherst College has been moved to New
The history of the new development of
American scholarship is the story of a few
great teachers — Silliman, Hitchcock, Gray,
Agassiz, Whitney, March, Burgess. It
expressed itself in the founding of Johns
Hopkins University, and the annexing of
true postgraduate university departments
to Yale, Harvard and Columbia, and latest
We see the fruit of it in our chairs
of instruction, where no man can now ex-
pect to get a position who has not studied
Il8 AMHERST CHAPTER,
abroad, and who cannot talk German and
French and perhaps modern Greek (not
yet Latin, alas !) as well as English. He must
be a citizen of the world and acquainted
with all that the great Republic of Letters
is doing. That is not now the best college
which teaches best how to acquire the old
learning, but that which inspires most the
noble ambition of adding something to the
world's stock of useful knowledge — that
ambition which is most akin to the Chris-
tian ambition to increase the store of the
world's goodness and happiness. The re-
view of the period covered by the history
of our chapter surprises me as I see how
large a part this fraternity has had in this
American renaissance. Perhaps there has
been something in the spirit of our order
that has been in touch with the best spirit
of the age, and has taught us that they
best serve God and men who can lead in
THE FRATERNITY OF ALPHA
HON. JOSEPH H. CHOATE, Harvard, '52,
PRESIDENT OF THE FRATERNITY.
Mr, President and Brethren^ and may I
not also say Sisters of Alpha Delta
The average Amherst brain must be very
elastic. We have always known that the
true Alpha Belt's cranium is insatiable and
inexhaustible, but after the experience of
the last twentv-four hours it seems to me
that the moment has come to cry a halt.
My poor brain will hold no more, and I
should deem myself guilty of an outrage
indeed if I undertook to add one serious
thought to the terrible load which has been
imposed upon you since the sun rose to-
day. Just think of it ! The Ivy oration,
that peerless oration of Dr. Storrs, which
has excited the admiration, the envy and
the applause of this community ; the Grove
I20 AMHERST CHAPTER
oration, I believe they call it, and the six
or seven orations which have now been
delivered in your presence. I therefore
refuse to say one serious word, and I pro-
pose to devote the five minutes allotted to
me, as the President of this Fraternity, in
speaking without saying anything, which, I
believe, has always been recognized as the
true merit and art of after-dinner speaking.
But before I proceed to speak on the toast
assigned me, it seems to me that I ought,
at least, to attempt to vindicate the much
abused character of a brother of the Har-
vard chapter, the only brother, I believe,
in this vast assembly to-day representing
that time-honored chapter. That was the
unkindest cut of all this morning. With
all the beauty of Amherst before him, and
all its manliness behind him, for this peer-
less orator of the day to cast such obloquy
upon the Harvard brother !
Now, I never had the pleasure and honor
of knowing Amherst before, except by tra-
ditions that had lingered in Harvard on a
visit that was made to that institution near-
ly fifty years ago by two rustic brethren of
the class of '39 from the Amherst chapter.
They came to extend the blessings of the
ALPHA DELTA PHL 121
Fraternity and to visit their far remote
and somewhat cool brethren at Cambridge.
They came with the hayseed of Hampshire
in their hair. Their hair, from being parted
in the middle, was, in fact, not parted at
all. It is true they brought with them no
cane, but they carried upon their shoulders
the old familiar umbrella which had come
down from a prehistoric period. It is true
they wore no gloves, but they wore their
trousers in their boots, and I need not say
to you that they left an impression in the
Harvard mind which has taken all the
glorious demonstrations of this day to ef-
face from the memory of their repre-
sentative. Well, gentlemen, I will let the
Harvard chapter speak for itself. Litera-
ture, I believe, has been the first great
end and aim of Alpha Delta Phi, and if
the Harvard chapter had done nothing
for the Fraternity, and the world, but to
give it James Russell Lowell, the Harvard
chapter would rest content. In view of
this unkind reflection passed upon me, and
those whom I hold near and dear, by the
orator of the day, I will not throw any ad-
ditional laurels upon those which already
crown his brow. There was one criticism
122 AMHERST CHAPTER
on his oration, however, which did strike
me with great interest and delight. It was
that which he received before he had said
a word. His reputation had drawn to the
body of the house all that was manly and
learned and strong in the surroundings of
Amherst. It had attracted to the gallery
all the women that sympathize with Alpha
Delta Phi — and what true woman does not ?
— and not only the women, but the babies
too. And when he unrolled and laid upon
the desk that copious and ponderous manu-
script from which he was to speak, that in-
fant cry from the North convulsed my heart.
Who was that youthful stranger? You
have heard of the kinship of Alpha Delta
Phi, he was the son of a true Alpha Delt.
He was precocious, audacious, it was true.
He had come to hear the oration, but when
he saw that grand manuscript unfolded, he
said to himself and to his mother, " This is
too much," and he retired before a single
blow was dealt. He retired in dismay, be-
cause, however much he may grow to the
stature of the perfect Alpha Delt, he saw
that that was not milk for babies, but
strong meat for men.
Now, in my service as President of this
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 23
Fraternity, I have been very much struck
with some things. As I have attended the
convention at New York, at Ithaca, at
Boston, and at Amherst at last, the pres-
ence of women in our deliberations and at
our festivities has struck me with interest
and admiration. Co-education, as Dr.
Storrs demonstrated this morning, in that
close tie that binds Amherst to Northamp-
ton, is already accomplished. In the per-
formance of my duty as President of the
Fraternity it has been my pleasure to read
the reports as they have come from all the
undergraduate chapters, and from those
where co-education was really carried into
practice, I have been very much struck with
one significant, harmonious, and uniform
report. You know the younger brethren
of all the chapters like to magnify the
position and relations within their respec-
tive colleges, and all these uniformly re-
port that "the highest honor in our college
has been carried off by a woman, but the
best man is an Alpha Delt."
Now, I know of no remedy for this state
of things but that we admit them into full
fraternity. By and by we shall have a
chapter of sisters who will come up with
124 AMHERST CHAPTER
the Star and crescent upon their breasts. I
echo the fine oration on the chivalry of
Alpha Delta Phi : When our sisters so
come, they will be received by the brethren
with open hearts, and arms extended wide.
Now of the Fraternity and of my duties
as President of the association. It has
been happily compared by Mr. Curtis —
the office of President of this Frater-
nity — with that of the President of the
United States. There is much in com-
mon between the two dignified positions.
In the first place, there is but one man
among the sixty millions of American citi-
zens who can occupy the position at the
same time. In the second place, the salary
of the President is, I believe, altogether in-
adequate to the great duties he has to per-
form. I have found it almost necessary to
abandon my usual calling and give myself
up to its duties. Journeys to Ithaca, jour-
neys to Boston, journeys to Amherst — all
richly repaid by that grand feast of reason
that I found there — but none of the usual
material profit. And I found another thing
— Mr. Curtis will correct me if I am wrong,
for he knows who said that the real avenue
to his brain is through the stomach ; so your
ALPHA DELTA PHI, • 1 25
President has found that it has been neces-
sary for that organ to be cultivated so to
enable him to perform the duties pertaining
to the office. We sat down to a banquet
beginning at one o'clock in the morning,
and at Boston we sat nearly until daylight.
Here there is one feature which certainly
has not been tried, however inspiring it is
— it is the first Alpha Delta Phi banquet
that I have ever attended which is on the
true prohibition temperance style. How-
ever much that may impair our digestion,
it appeals to our patriotism, to our sense
of duty as good citizens.
I have not been entirely satisfied with
the review of the last fifty years of Alpha
Delta Phi. It does seem to me that suffi-
cient credit has not been claimed for the
achievements of the Fraternity. When
you compare the benighted condition of
mankind as it was before this Fraternity
was established, with what it is to-day, in
every realm of human interest and human
knowledge and human character, how in-
finite is the debt which the world owes to
the founders of this Fraternitv. I claim
the credit of all the great things that have
been done as the immediate and direct
126 AMHERST CHAPTER
result of the foundation of this society and
its development in the last fifty years. Mr.
Curtis has said a great deal about Alpha
Delta Phi in politics. He has given you
something in the abstract. This society
has given to the world something in the
concrete. When you consider the great
reform that is now going on in American
politics and American public life, when you
look for the men who have done the most
to put an end to the corruption and in-
competency in office, to make it a real fact
that public office is only a public duty and
a public trust, who are the men to whom
the world may well point as chief factors
in the result ? Does not the first and fore-
most sit beside me at this table. And when
you look for his coadjutors in that great
service, where will you find the names of
men who have done more to uphold his
hands than our brothers Everett P. Wheeler
and Charles F. Fairchild, who now occupies
the post of the Secretary of the Treasury.
But I am afraid I am getting serious. I
did not intend it, I never meant to, and I
must apologize for it. There is one idea
which seems worth drawing out, that is
the advancing of this great cause of the
•.- v^ - — •— - / -jt- • k. jf. .»'.:_
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 27
promotion of the civil service. Inasmuch
as these three brothers of ours have done
so well, why would it not be a good plan
to extend the service throughout all the
branches of this Fraternity ? In these
days there is no distinction that is discern-
ible between a member of one party that
exists and a member of the other. Why
would it not be a good plan, Mr. President
and brethren, to form a new party upon this
platform; that the public service in all its
branches should be entrusted to the mem-
bers of Alpha Delta Phi ? We would know
then that every public duty would be well
performed. It is true there are not enough
to fill all the offices, but 6,000 members of
this Fraternity would fill all the principal
ones — all that were worth having, or that
were acceptable. That is something that
I would throw out for the consideration of
the representatives of the various chapters
to contemplate and act upon.
Mr. President, a word has been said by
President Seelye of the good influence that
this Fraternity has exercised in the various
colleges of the land. But I do not think,
after all, that we can claim all of the credit
of civilization as it exists to-day. I did
128 AMHERST CHAPTER
think so once. I do not know the true
merits of the case which he presents, but
last winter, in my honored capacity as
President of this Fraternity, I received a
most striking compliment. That society
which has stood side by side and shoulder
to shoulder with ours in all the various
colleges of the land, celebrated in New
York the 50th anniversary of its birth, and
I was invited, as your representative, to a
seat at their board. It was the first time
that any encroachment had been made
upon those barriers of separation and
hostility which had so long divided that
association from ours. You may imagine
what a telling sermon I was able to preach
to them, reviewing our careers, the rivalry
of emulation, of actual hostility at times,
pointing out to them how they had warred
upon us with relentless fury in all the
colleges. I took for my text one that they
fully appreciated : " Love your enemies ;
bless them that curse you ; do good to
them that despitefully use you."
Now, brethren, I am sorry for you — you
have to listen to eight more orations and
I fear you will have to sit here until two or
three in the morning until all the orators
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 29
have had their say. I trust you will all
survive. I trust the members now
present will be able to come down to
New York about the month of May next
and show no worse for the torrents of
oratory and floods of wisdom with which
you have been overwhelmed at Amherst.
GREEK LETTERS AND LETTERS
PROF. F. A. MARCH, '45.
Here and now there can be only three
letters to speak of, A j^ $ — emblems of
friendship, of fraternity among scholars —
emblems, therefore, of the deepest and
richest sources of all that is best in litera-
ture. Intellect is a servant of nature, the
creative power in literature. Genius springs
from the affections. In college recitations
and halls of debate we sharpen our wits
for the battle of life. We may get to be as
sharp and as smart as one of Shakespeare's
fools ; but it is in the cosy rooms oiA/i ^,
or on summer evenings, perhaps, on the
chapel steps, crooning with a brother in
A A $y siS we sit looking westward on all
the wondrous beauties of our valley, or
skyward, where the crescent moon with a
single star at her side reigns o'er half a
heaven of blue, that those thoughts arise
which make us free of the realm of beauty
ALPHA DELTA PHL I3I
and truth. Here wit tempered with love
becomes humor. Here knowledge steeped
in the affections becomes wisdom. Here
talent, new born, becomes genius.
The serene temper, the genial manner,
the radiant face of a whole-souled bVother
of a scholar's Fraternity are " the brave
complexion which leads the van and swal-
lows up the cities."
A chapter of ^ ^ ^ is a nursery of genial
manhood, an eyrie where genius broods its
BROTHERHOOD WITHIN AND
HON. H. S. STOCKBRIDGE, '45.
Mr, President: The theme which you
have assigned to me has been, at least in
one of its departments, so thoroughly
covered by our president that it seems to
me, as at the Methodist meetings after the
sermon, there needs only a few words. But
it is due to myself that I should say, in one
respect at least, I am not unlike the good
old deacon, in the land of steady habits for
too great an indulgence in that which in-
ebriates more than it cheers. He said :
" While I cannot deny the fact, I deny
the criminality, for I have prayed that
this thing might depart from me, and now
I have shifted the responsibility." You
are aware, Mr. President, that I endeavored
and asked that I should not be imposed
upon this audience ; therefore I have,
as the good old deacon did, shifted the
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 133
But when we come to speak of the
brotherhood within our own breasts it is a
thing to be felt and not talked about. The
spirit engendered in our chapter -house
on yonder hill, stretching over continent
and ocean, has drawn men here to this
semi-centennial anniversary from all
quarters of the globe, and from all voca-
tions and pursuits of life, to review again
the strongest and most lasting attachments,
as well as the most cherished friendships,
of their lives. I am sure no one who has
been away from his chapter as long as I,
has ever found any attachment in life,
in friendship, so abiding as those which
they formed in Alpha Delta Phi of Amherst
College. I have always found members of
the Alpha Delta Phi, from whatever chapter
they came, true to the pledges they have
assumed, ready to recognize a brother by
the kindred of blood, to do him a favor
on every opportunity. I have found them
most entitled to the particular and marked
attention and respect, not of the brother-
hood alone, but of the world at large. This
is the brotherhood of the Alpha Delta Phi
— nobility and unselfishness of purposes, of
aspirations, of aim, and it is as lasting as
134 AMHERST CHAPTER
the lives of the men who enter into that
But when we speak of the brotherhood
without, the gentleman who sat beside me
a few minutes ago suggested the words of
the apostle, " Bless them that curse you ;
do good to them that despitefully use you."
While we do not mean to say by any means
that all without are barbarians, we do mean
to say that all that are without should not
be kept there. Speaking of the brother-
hood without, I suppose the first thing this
brotherhood will embrace, as suggested by
the orator of the day, is the institution
across the river at Northampton. I am
sure the younger members would be glad
to recognize that as a branch.
But there is another thought. Looking
over the world's history we find that the
struggle has not been for brotherhood but
for mastery. We have had the pleasure of
seeing, within the last few years, that these
great struggles for mastery which have
bathed the world in blood and desolation,
have taken a different course. We find
that when the influences that control our
chapter, here and elsewhere, prevail, a
different way has been found of settling
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 35
the world's disagreements than that one
which has set them at the cannon's mouth.
Now, then, as the world progresses, and
principles which we learn to inculcate pre-
vail, we shall find, if we live until the mil-
lennium, that the brotherhood of man is
that consummation, that flower of the ages,
towards which all things are tending and
to which brotherhoods like this more than
perhaps any other thing, unless it shall be
the Christian Church, shall tend to advance.
But I insist, Mr. President, considering
what the president of the organization has
said, that I should not inflict another word
upon him or the Fraternity.
LOVE THE SISTERHOOD.
PRES. TRUMAN J. BACKUS, Rochester, '64.
Brothers in Alpha Delta Phi :
As I have recalled the post-prandial
scenes of recent years, and reminded myself
of the one sentiment usually assigned to
me for a response, a train of reflection has
been awakened which naturally separates
into three parts : first, the men of one
idea ; secondly, the men who are supposed
to have but one idea ; thirdly, the one idea.
In discussing a theme so perplexing to
you, so simple and familiar to me (for per-
plexity and simplicity are relative to think-
ers), we may serve our mutual convenience
by adopting the homiletical method of the
negro divine whose text suggested its own
division ; the world, the flesh, the devil. As
he did, so will we, discuss the first point
briefly, touch lightly upon the second, and
hasten on to the third as rapidly as pos-
The man of one idea, Hazlitt has em-
balmed the prototype. The progeny, how-
ever widely scattered, display the features
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 137
of their lineage, are known to all men, and
meet an affected and universal disapproval.
But, in fact, all men admire and envy
them ; and every aspirant after mortal
glory hopes, at some day, and soon, to lose
himself in the immensity of an idea. In
this concealed aspiration the man of our
generation is reasonable ; for this is the
age of scientific research, and science is
the product of analytical method, and
analysis is but another name for classifica-
tion, and classification evokes the special-
ist, and the specialist is a man of one idea
— the great man of our generation.
The unthinking company at the ban-
queting table, refusing to hear the " crank*'
and "fanatic,*' still hail righteousness and
eternal fitness in the fact that the followers
of one certain calling are men of one idea.
Secondly^ the men who are supposed to have
but one idea. They are the presidents of
colleges for women, and the masters of
high schools for girls. The world seems
never weary of their theme. At the public
corner, and in the mystic retreat where the
star never dims and the crescent never
wanes, the listener appeals for sentiments
from these priests of one idea.
138 AMHERST CHAPTER
Thirdly^ the one idea.
The great idea of this generation is the
higher education of women. It is bring-
ing neatness, order, vivacity, patience, gen-
tleness, devotion and scholarliness into
the schoolrooms, and there they will abide
and increase, and will develop our schools,
from the lowest to the highest, until the
dreams of the lovers of youth are fulfilled.
It is working as leaven in our churches,
assimilating dry doctrines, transmuting
them into principles of righteousness, and
giving them issue again in thoughtful guid-
ance of the wayward and the poor. It is
reorganizing the penitentiary, cleansing the
air of hospitals, managing refuges for the
Magdalen and the foundling, preaching the
good news of sanitation, checking the ar-
rogance of King Alcohol, and arraigning the
maladministration of government in our
cities. You, yourselves, are witnesses of the
inspiring advance along these lines, made
during the last twenty years. Whence the
inspiration ? It has come from the organ-
ized work of women. They have found
their leaders ; these leaders are themselves
women who know the power attained by
patient, methodic, mental training.
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 39
It happened that the exigencies of the
Civil War summoned women to the field.
They did much of the work of the Sanitary
and Christian commissions. They were
there learning to be active parts of gigan-
tic organizations. They tasted the sweet-
ness of heroism, and made it impossible for
the noble of their sex to be satisfied with
inactivity. It happened, also, while the
war was going on, while patriotism was
making the dullard ardent, and the youth
serious, that Matthew Vassar, both prophet
and apostle of a new idea, was raising a
temple commemorative of his sympathy
with the intellectual ambitions of women.
When the war was over, the temple was
builded, its doors were opened, and thither
went the aspiring daughters of the land.
The schools of a generation ago laid but
a thin film of scholarship upon young
women — a cheap electroplating of ethics
and aesthetics, — astronomy without mathe-
matics, and art copied from the flat. Re-
mind yourselves of that pretentious super-
ficiality, and from it turn to look upon
the throngs of young women climbing the
steep ascents of learning, along the rugged
ways which have been builded at Vassar,
14© AMHERST CHAPTER
at Wellesley, at Smith, at Brjm Mawr, and
at a score of colleges where brother and
sister are panting towards the summit — ^the
weary brother pushed along — the ambitious
sister pulling at the reins — ^and when you
have noted the contrast between the old-
time "female education," and "the higher
education of women," you will have recog-
nized the force in our social life which is
giving us new industries, larger education,
broader philanthropy, and better adminis-
tration of all public affairs.
When Mr. Vassar gave his large wealth
to endow the college which bears his name,
he startled America and Europe by the
boldness and novelty of his philanthropy.
Facetious people styled his institution
" Vassar's Folly." It was an experiment.
For the man of the world, the experiment
was to prove whether young women in
numbers sufficient to organize a college
would deny themselves the pleasures of
social life, and pay the time and effort de-
manded as the price of a scholastic degree ;
for the special friends of education the ex-
periment was to decide whether the physical
and the mental constitution of woman was
capable of enduring the strain of an ad-
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 141
vanced and rigorous course of study. There
were no other questions involved. Young
women in large and ever-growing numbers
seek the training offered by their colleges ;
and these colleges to-day are wielding one
of their most beneficent influences in train-
ing their students to attain the dignity of
fine physical development.
Twenty years ago the popular faith be-
lieved that there is " sex in education."
Now you may transpose the courses of
study at Amherst and Vassar, at Smith and
Cornell, and the students will not know
that they have been unsexed, nor will the
professors discover that their students have
lost or gained in the number of mental
faculties. Then a college for women was
supposed to be a seminary for sentimental-
ism. Now a college is admitted to be a
school where advanced lines of training
in mathematics, in natural and physical
science, in literature and language, are
given, regardless of the question whether
the students find their supplementary train-
ing in boat-racing or in embroidery. The
Old theory of " sex in education " is stranded
The surprising educational achievements
142 AMHERST CHAPTER,
of these twenty years are due, chiefly, to
the earnestness of young women at college.
They have demanded that there be no pre-
tense, no substitute for a thorough and
difficult curriculum. They have been in
communication with young men at college,
have kept themselves informed as to the
kind and the degree of training given at
Amherst, Harvard and Yale, and have been
prompt in challenging the necessity, the
wisdom, the honesty of any modification of
requirements whereby the young woman
might secure the easier graduation. Every
college official knows the potency of the
moral sentiment among students, in con-
straining the legislation of a college fac-
ulty ; and that constraint has been opera-
tive in colleges for women, compelling their
conformity to the severe course of study
assigned at the highest colleges for men.
So Vassar, Smith, Wellesley have drifted
from the quiet moorings selected for them
by friendly theorists of twenty years ago,
and have been borne along the deep
channel which has been worn by the move-
ment of two centuries of American college
history. That channel has broadened,
has changed its direction by slow processes,
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 43
but the main channel as it runs to-day, is
kept by the novel craft, a woman's college.
The sources of error regarding woman's
limitations in the world of learning were
near the surface. It was believed that her
body could not endure the strain of a col-
lege course — an honest belief, now proved
to be erroneous. Statistics offer the perfect
refutation — indeed they discovered a law
that the health of a young woman improves
under the collegiate discipline. It is natural
that this result should appear ; for, entering
college, she is transferred from social life,
where over -feeding and under - sleeping
impair health, from the home where her
wish, however injudicious, is the will of
the family ; * and she is brought into a
life where self-respect exacts industry and
conformity to regulations, where she must
have constant regard for others in order
that others may have regard for her, where
the hours for sleep and the hours for eat-
ing are ordered by the faultless tyranny of
a clock from whose decree there is no ap-
peal. Living under such regulations, and
debarred from her brother's excesses, she
is usually in condition better than his for
the exactions of the class-room.
144 AMHERST CHAPTER
There was a sentimental theory about
the native intuitional power of woman — a
power which was supposed to lift her above
the need of advanced training, and at the
same time, to disqualify her for sustaining
protracted logical processes. Now, what-
ever a woman's intuitional gifts may be,
they do not make her an idiot, they do not
debar her from severe work in mathematics
and psychology. For my part, I think
that the talk about woman's intuition is
bald nonsense, and that the facts advanced
for its support are perverted. It is, doubt-
less, a fact that women are more ready to
admit the claims of duty than are men. A
man and a woman look at such a claim ;
the woman promptly bows to it, while the
man squints, looks aside and quibbles un-
til he is compelled to face the claim. Then
he gallantly lies about the superiority of
woman's intuition. All facts submitted in
support of this hypocritical theory are,
singularly enough, from the realm of
ethics. No woman's unthinking intuition
ever solved Sturm's Theorem, or trans-
lated the Preface of Livy, or detected
Kant's distinction between the reason and
ALPHA DELTA PHL I45
There was an undertone of sentiment,
deep and charming, to the effect that a
woman should be a wife and a mother ;
but that sentiment, once advanced with
potency against the collegiate education
of women, has lost its significance, for a
thousand experiments have proved that a
woman graduated from college may be a
wife and a mother.
All other solicitudes and objections were
insignificant when compared with the
dread men had lest collegiate education
should make women masculine. You had
it ; so had I. How preposterous now to
one who sees the intellectual refinement,
the aesthetic pleasures, the social dignity of
many a home made conspicuous in these
charms by the graces and powers devel-
oped in the mistress of that home under
the training of her college days.
We once said that young women would
not give the time demanded by the col-
lege, and many people still think that they
should not. But what is a young woman
to do after leaving the secondary school ?
It is a time most critical in the forming
of character. Social tyranny forbids her
serving an employer. The hand of idle-
146 AMHERST CHAPTER.
ness will hold her hand ; and she will be
of heroic mould whom idleness does not
betray into flirting with things in male
apparel, or forming undying loves for
other women, or writing poetry. No peo-
ple have so much leisure as the daughters
of well-to-do parentage just when the col-
lege invites them to her shelter.
Such barren and treacherous arguments
once arrayed the public sentiment against
the movement favorable to the higher edu-
cation of women. But all observing people
have seen the futility of such objections,
and concede that brother and sister have
like organs of sense, have like native pow-
ers of perception and reason, and under
the inexorable laws of thought, must think
in the same forms of syllogistic reasoning.
The higher education of woman is the
eminent social achievement of our age ;
the college girls, themselves, despite popu-
lar prejudice and the inefficiency of their
teachers, have achieved the victory.
Brothers in Alpha Delta Phi, how full
of chivalry and common sense are the
words of our presiding officer when he
summons us to " Love the Sisterhood ! "
MEMBERSHIP OF THE CHAPTER
LuciAN Barbour L Z,
Edwin Elisha Bliss . . N. 2,
Whiting Griswold . . . EC, X\
Nathaniel Lynds Lord . . . A, M,
John Alexander McKinstry . . O, P^
Jonathan Bryant Marshall . . O, T.
Horace Maynard E", A"
Alexander Montgomery . . . A, T,
George Bliss Morris . . . . P,A.
Joseph Peckham E. B,
William Barrett Reed . , A, J,
Daniel Rice E. X.
Joel Edson Rockwell . . . . E.A,
Curtis Benjamin Minor Smith . . P, F,
James Smith Thayer . . E. A, K,
Charles Ellery Washburn . B,T*,
Henry Warren Williams P, A^
ABBE, WILLIAM ALANSON, '57.
New Bedford, Mass.
ABBOTT, ASA GEORGE, '65.
Died July a, 1870.
ADAMS, GEORGE MOULTON, REV., '44.
ALDEN, EDMUND KIMBALL, REV., '44.
I Somerset St., Boston, Mass.
ALDEN, EDMUND KIMBALL, »8o.
" Century" Co., 33 East 17th St., New York City
ALLEN, ADDISON, »88.
Columbia. Colle£:e Law SchooL
ALLEN, GLENN SEVIENNE, *Sg.
Amiierst Colleg^e, Amherst, Mass.
ALLEN, WASHINGTON IRVING, »6a.
Silver Reef, Utah.
ALVORD, ALFRED ELY, '84.
40 Water St., Boston, Mass.
ALVORD, ANDREW PORTEIL »87.
175 Herkimer St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
AMES, HERBERT BROWN, '85.
Care of Ames, Holden & Co., Montreal, Canada.
APPLETON, SAMUEL EDWARDS, '84.
48 West Ninth St., New York City.
ARMSBY, LAUREN, REV., »43.
Coundl Grove, Kansas.
ARMSTRONG, COLLIN, '77.
*• Sun " Office, Park Row, New York City.
ARNELL, DAVID REEVE, »4o.
Died July 25, 1852.
AUSTIN, HARMON, »88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
AVERY, JOHN, '61.
152 AMHERST CHAPTER
BABBOTT, FRANK LUSK, LL.B., '78.
13th Ave. and 25th St., New York Citjr.
BALL, WILLIAM CREIGHTON, '(A,
Terre Haute, Ind.
BANCROFT, FREDERIC AUSTIN, '8a.
Freiburg, Baden, Germany.
BANCROFT, JACOB HENRY, REV., '39.
Died August 35, 1844.
BARBOUR, LUCIAN, '37.
BARKER, JAMES LAWRENCE, *6s,
SanU Barbara, Cal.
BARROWS, JOHN OTTIS, REV., '60.
BARROWS, WILLIAM HENRY, REV., •59.
BARTON, HOMER ROLLIN, »63.
Died August is, 1863.
BARTON, WALTER, REV., '56.
BATEMAN, CLIFFORD RUSH, '76.
Died February 6, 1883.
BEATTIE, DAVID, '59.
Troy, N. Y.
BEECHER, HERBERT FOOTE, '76,
Port Townsend, Washington Territory.
BEECHER, HENRY WARD, REV., '34.
Died March 8, 1887.
BEST, JAMES, '85.
Kinderhook, N. Y.
BICKNELL, THOMAS WILLIAMS, '57.
Worcester Station, Boston, Mass.
BILLINGS, CHARLES MORRIS, M.D., '63.
Nashua, Chickasaw Co., Iowa.
BILLINGS, RICHARD SALTER, REV., »47.
BISBEE, JOSEPH BARTLETT, •80.
Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
BISHOP, GEORGE SAYLES, REV., '58.
14 Burnet St., East Orange, N. J.
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 153
BISHOP, JAMES LORD, LL.B., '65.
115 Broadway, New York City.
BLAKE, LUCIEN IRA, Ph.D., '77.
Rose Polytechnic, Terre Haute, Ind.
BLAKE, MAURICE BENAIAH. '66.
Died February 8, 1886.
BLANCH ARD, JOSEPH NATHANIEL, REV., '71.
St. John's Rectory, Detroit, Mich.
BLATCHFORD, PAUL, '82.
375 La Salle Ave., Chicago, 111.
BLISS, CHARLES LINCOLN, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
BLISS, EDWIN ELISHA, REV., '37.
Newton Centre, Mass.
BLISS, EDWIN MUNSELL, REV., '71.
Bible House, Constantinople, Turkey.
BLISS, FREDERICK JONES, REV., '80.
BLISS, HOWARD SWEETZER, REV., '82.
BLISS, WILLIAM DWIGHT PORTER, '78.
BLISS, WILLIAM TYLER, '87.
32 Halsted St., East Orange, N. J.
BOARDMAN, JOSEPH, REV., '55.
BOLTWOOD, HENRY LEONIDAS, REV., '53.
BOND, EPHRAIM WARD, LL.B., '41.
BOND, NELSON FREEMAN, '64.
BOWLER, FRANK, REV., '76.
Grand Rapids, Mich.
BOYDEN, ARTHUR CLARKE, '76.
State Normal School, Bridgewater, Mass.
BOYDEN WALLACE CLARKE, '83.
BRACKETT, GILBERT ROBBINS, REV., '57.
8 Wragg St., Charleston, S. C.
154 AMHERST CHAPTER
BRADLEY, LEVERETT, REV., '73.
BRANSCOMBE, CHARLES HENRY, '45.
BRAYTON, EDMUND CULLEN, M.D., »67.
Died September 7, 1875.
BRAYTON, GEORGE, REV., '66.
Died June 9, 1873.
BREED, BOWMAN BIGELOW, M.D., '53.
Died December 16, 1873.
BREED, DANIEL HENRY, '57.
Died December 13, 1885.
BREWSTER, WILLIAM LEWIS, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
BRIGHAM, DON FERDINAND, '63.
114 Wooster St., Hartford, Conn.
BRIGHAM, JEROME RIPLEY, '45.
525 Cass St., Milwaukee, Wis.
BROOKE, EDWIN ATLEE, '46.
BROOKS, CHARLES GROSVENOR, M.D.. '68.
z Saratoga Place, East Boston, Mass.
BROOKS, STEPHEN DRIVER, M.D., '75.
BROUGHTON, NATHANIEL HOOPER, REV., '47.
Died June 2, 1866.
BROWN, SAMUEL EDWARD, '55.
10 Burling Slip, New York City.
BROWNELL, CHARLES HENRY, '71.
BROWNELL, WILLIAM CRARY, '71.
205 West 56th St., New York City.
BUCHANAN, ABNER THOMAS, M.D., '68.
204 North Third St., St. Louis, Mo.
BUCK, CHARLES WENTWORTH, REV., '55.
BUFFUM, CHARLES ALBERT, '75.
Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass.
BURGESS, EBENEZER PRINCE, M.D., '52.
Died May 14, 1877.
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 55
BURGESS, JOHN WILLIAM, '67.
323 West S7th St., New York City.
BURLEY, CLARENCE AUGUSTUS (Burleigh), »73.
Room 824, 112 Clark St., Chicago, 111.
BURNETTE, FRANCIS ELLSWORTH, '67.
Reed's Ferry, N. H.
BURNHAM, MICHAEL, REV., '67.
85 Elliott St., Springfield, Mass.
BURR. CHARLES WOLCOTT, '90.
BURT, FRANCIS, '57.
Died September 9, 1863.
BUTLER, SAMUEL PATTERSON, '71-
♦♦ Herald" Office, Park Row, New York City.
CARSON, FRANK MARTIN, REV., '79.
Matteawan, N. Y.
CHANCELLOR, WILLIAM ESTABROOK, '89.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
CHAPIN, FRANKLIN PERRY, REV., '52.
Easton, Mass. ^
CHAPIN, GEORGE MOOAR, '79.
16 Montauk Block, Chicago, 111.
CHAPIN, LUCIUS DELISON, REV., '51.
Hyde Park, 111.
CHAPIN, WALLACE TORRY, '87.
Hyde Park, 111.
CHEAVENS, HENRY MARTYN, M.D., '52.
Ashland, Boone Co., Mo.
CHICKERING, WILLIAM HENRY, LL.B., '71.
206 Sansome St., San Francisco, Cal.
CHILD, CHARLES JESSE, ^84.
American Legation, Bangkok, Siam,
or Richmond, Mo.
CHOATE, RUFUS, JR., '55.
Died January 15, 1866.
CHOATE, WASHINGTON, REV., '70.
Irvington, N. Y.
CHURCH, GEORGE EVERETT, '72.
Oxford Grammar School, Providence, R. I.
CLAFLIN, JAMES FITZGERALD, '59.
262 Ashland Boulevard, Chicago, 111.
156 AMHERST CHAPTER
CLAFLIN, WILLIAM, »83.
154 Lake St., Chicago, 111.
CLAPP, ALFRED DWIGHT, '65.
Died November 32, 1863.
CLAPP, DEXTER, REV., 'ag.
Died July 27, 1868.
CLAPP, WALTER CLAYTON, '83.
118 West 129th St., New York City.
CLARK, ALFRED HASTINGS, »86.
46 New York Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
CLARK, JEFFERSON, LL.B., '67.
32 Nassau St., New York City.
CLARK, JOSEPH BOURNE, REV., '58.
36 Bible House, New York City.
CLARK, ROBERT BRUCE, REV., '76.
Goshen, N. Y,
CLARK, WILLIAM BREWSTER, M.D., '76.
50 East 31st St., New York City.
CLARK, WILLIAM BULLOCK, '84.
COATES, HALLAM FREER, '86.
COBURN, EDWIN, »4i.
Died in 1867.
COMSTOCK, EDWARD, '61.
COOK, ROSWELL DICKINSON, '43.
Died June 9, 1842.
COOLEY, NOAH SAXTON, '66.
Windsor Locks, Conn.
COOLEY, ORRIN, M.D., '65.
Died January 7, 1877.
COOMBS, ZELOTES, W., '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
COPELAND, GEORGE WARREN, '56.
CORNISH, AARON SPOONER, '68.
21 North Market St., Boston, Mass.
COWAN, PEREZ DICKINSON, REV., '66.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 157
CRANE, WHITING SANFORD, '64.
88 Perry St., Detroit, Mich.
CRAWFORD, SIDNEY, REV., '61.
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM, REV., '57.
CRITTENDEN, WILLIAM BACON, '78.
CRITTENDEN, WALTER HAYDEN, ♦81.
206 Broadway, New York City.
CROCKETT, GEORGE KIMBALL, '40.
Died January 4, 1879.
CROWELL, EDWARD PAYSON, '53.
CURTIS, JOSEPH SEAVER, '51.
Died May 15, 1878.
CUTLER, SANFORD LYMAN, '85.
DAMON, FRANK WILLIAMS, '73.
Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands.
DANE, MYRON BENJAMIN, '70.
Died October 12, 1870.
DARLING, CHARLES ROSS, LL.B., '74.
West Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minn.
DARLING, EDWARD PARRY, '51.
38 River St., Wilkesbarre, Pa.
DARLING, HENRY, REV., '42.
Hamilton College, Clinton, Oneida, Co., N. Y.
DAVIS, WILLIAM VAIL WILSON, REV., '73.
DELABARRE, EDMUND BURKE, '86.
DELABARRE, FRANK ALEXANDER, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
DELANO, HENRY GILES, '58.
Died February 19, 1859.
DELANO, CHARLES, V-
Died January 23, 1883.
DENISON, GEORGE, '55.
5175^ Chestnut St., St. Louis, Mo.
158 AMHERST CHAPTER
DERBY, HASKET, M.D., '55.
350 Beacon St., Boston, Mass.
DICKINSON, CORNELIUS EVARTS, REV., »6o.
DICKINSON, EDWARD, ♦84.
Lock Box 108, Amherst, Mass.
DICKINSON, RICHARD SALTER STORRS, REV.
*44. Died August 28, 1856.
DICKINSON, WILLIAM AUSTIN, LL.B., '50.
DICKINSON, WILLIAM COWPER, REV., '48.
College Hill, Ohio.
DICKINSON, WILLIAM EASTMAN, REV., '55. \
DIKE, SAMUEL JOHNSON, '66. ;
5 East 32d St., New York City.
DONALD, ELIJAH WINCHESTER, REV., '69.
7 West loth St., New York City.
DOW, FRANK FOWLER, M.D., '74.
43 South Ave., Rochester, N. Y.
DRURY, LEANDER MUZZY, '41.
Canandaigua, N. Y.
DUDLEY, JOHN LANGDON, REV., '44.
230 Martin St., Milwaukee, Wis.
DUFFY, EDWIN, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
EDDY, THOMAS JAMES, '77.
Fall River, Mass.
ELY, ALFRED, LL.B., '74.
29 Nassau St., New York City.
ELY, WILLIAM BREWSTER, REV., '75.
Died May 11, 1880.
EMERSON, BENJAMIN KENDALL, '65.
EMERSON, CHARLES, '38.
Died May 27, 1845.
EMERSON, JOHN MILTON, '49.
Died August 3, 1869.
EMMONS, HENRY VAUGHAN, REV., '54.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 159
FAIRBANKS, FRANCIS JOEL, REV., '6a.
FAIRBANKS, JOSEPH WHITCOMB, '66.
16 Summit Ave., St. Paul, Minn.
FALLOWS, EDWARD HUNTINGTON, '86.
Box 462, Exeter, N. H.
FIELD, LEVI ALPHEUS, REV., '46.
Died October 23, 1859.
FIELD, WALTER TAYLOR, '83.
Hyde Park P. O.. Chicago, 111.
FISKE, ARTHUR SEVERANCE, '84.
499 La Salle Ave., Chicago, 111.
FISKE, ASA SEVERANCE, REV., '55.
Ithaca, N. Y.
FISKE, DANIEL TAGGART, REV., '42.
FISKE, GEORGE FOSTER, M.D., '81.
499 La Salle Ave., Chicago, 111.
FISKE, SAMUEL, REV., '48.
Died May 32, 1864.
FLEMING, LOUIS ISIDORE, 47.
FLICHTNER, GEORGE FREDERIC, REV., '67.
Montrose, South Orange, N. J.
FOLGER, HENRY CLAY, JR., LL.B., '79.
26 Broadway, New York City.
FOWLER, CHARLES CHAUNCEY, '51.
Died October 28, 1876.
FOWLER, WILLIAM WORTHINGTON, '54.
Died September 18, 1881.
FRENCH, CHARLES BROWN, '86.
1 133 Hennepin Ave,
or 8 South nth St., Minneapolis, Minn.
FRENCH, JOHN, M.D., '66.
Died August 24, 1879.
FRENCH, JAMES PAULUS, '59.
Died January 13, 1867.
FRENCH, SOLON TENNEY, '72.
103 S. Clark St., Chicago, 111.
FRENCH, STEWART WHITNEY, '89.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
l6o AMHERST CHAPTER
FRENCH, THEODORE FRANCIS, '49.
Died September 31, 1865.
FRISBIE, ALVAH LILLIE, REV., '57.
Des Moines, Iowa.
FULLER, HORACE SMITH, M.D., '58.
GAGE, NEHEMIAH HUTCHINSON, '66.
Died July 1, 1866.
GARDNER, GEORGE ENOS, '85.
Room 103, 405 Main St.,
or 60 Coral St., Worcester, Mass.
GARDNER, WILLIAM, '84.
46 Brown Hall, Princeton, N. J.
GATES, HERBERT WRIGHT, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
GAY, EDWARD, '56.
55 Kilby St., Boston, Mass.
GILLETT, ARTHUR LINCOLN, REV., '80.
Grand Forks, Dak.
GILLETT, EDWARD BATES, '39.
GILLETT, FREDERICK HUNTINGTON,
LL.B., '74. Springfield, Mass.
GLADDEN, FREDERICK COHOON, '85.
GLEASON, WILLIAM STANTON, M.D., '85.
Workhouse Hospital, Blackwell's Island, N. Y.
GODDARD, WILLIAM HENRY, »59.
GOLDTHWAIT, WILLIAM COLTON, »39.
Died November 18, 1883.
GOODRICH, GEORGE DICKINSON, REV., '53.
Died July a6, 1870*
GOODMAN, RICHARD, JR., LL.B., »69.
GOODRICH, WILLIAM WINTON, LL.B., »5a.
59 Wall St., New York City.
GOODWIN, FRANK JUDSON, '84.
51 East 69th St., New York City.
GOOLD, CHARLES BURTON, '79.
135 Eagle St., Albany, N. Y.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, l6l
GORDON, HENRY EVARTS, '79.
GOULD, GEORGE HENRY, REV., '50.
GRAVES, JOHN LONG. '55.
P. O. Box 1698, Boston, Mass.
GRAVES, SAMUEL LAWRENCE, '70.
GRAVES, THADDEUS, '56.
GRAY, GEORGE DICKMAN, »6s.
10 California St., San Francisco, Cal.
GRAY, JOSEPH CONVERSE, LL.B., '77.
Rooms 71 and 72, 23 Court St., Boston, Mass.
GREENE, FREDERIC WILLIAM, REV., '82.
GREENE, JOHN MORTON, REV., '53.
GRISWOLD, WHITING, '38.
Died October 28, 1874.
GROSVENOR, GEORGE SUMNER, '58.
Trenton, N. J.
HALL, GEORGE CYRIL, '71.
161 La Salle St., Chicago, 111.
HALL, GORDON ROBERT, M.D., '72.
266 Clinton St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
HALL, LYMAN BEECHER, '73.
1630 Chestnut St. , Philadelphia, Pa.
HAMILTON, CHARLES WOODMAN, '83.
298 E. Water St., Milwaukee, Wis.
HAMILTON, HENRY HARRISON, REV., '68.
Hinsdale, N. H.
HAMILTON, JOHN ALEXANDER, REV., '53.
Congregational House, Boston, Mass.
HAMLIN, ALFRED DWIGHT FOSTER, '75.
138 East 40th St., New York City.
HAMMOND, CHARLES, REV., '44.
Died November 7, 1878.
HANNAFORD, DAVID OSHEAL, '52.
Died January 19, 1861.
l62 AMHERST CHAPTER
HARDY, ASA STRONG, '6i.
Unioaville, Lake Co., Ohio.
HARDY, JACOB, »so.
Koloa, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands.
HARRINGTON, BRAINERD TIMOTHY, '52.
Westchester, N. Y.
HARRINGTON, NATHAN, LL.B., ^64.
HARRINGTON, SAMUEL, '62.
27 Bowdoin St., Boston, Mass.
HARRINGTON, THOMAS BALLARD, '49.
Died February 16, 1861.
HARRIS, AUSTIN, '63.
East Machias, Me.
HARRIS, GEORGE, JR., REV., '66.
HASKELL, PLINY NELSON, LL.B., '71.
444 W. Washington St., Chicago, 111.
HASTINGS, ROBERT WORTHINGTON, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
HAYWARD, CHARLES CAPEN, '42.
Spring Garden St., Dorchester District, Boston^
HAYWARD, JAMES, LL.B., '73.
HEAP, ARNOLD NELSON, LL.B., '73.
95 and 97 Washington St., Chicago, 111.
HEWIT, AUGUSTINE FRANCIS, REV., '39.
St. Paul's Church, 9th Ave. and 59th St. , New York,
HILTON, GEORGE PORTER, '8i.
Hilton Bridge Co., Albany, N. Y.
HITCHCOCK, BRADFORD WASHBURN,
LL.B., '81. 44 West 20th St., New York City.
HITCHCOCK, CHARLES HENRY, '56.
Hanover, N. H.
HITCHCOCK, EDWARD, REV., '45.
Died February 27, 1864.
HITCHCOCK, EDWARD, M.D., '49.
HITCHCOCK, EDWARD, JR., M.D., '78.
Ithaca, N. Y.
ALPHA DELTA PHL 163
HITCHCOCK, JOHN SAWYER, 'Sg.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
HITCHCOCK, ROSWELL DWIGHT, REV., '36.
Died June 16, 1887.
HOBBIE, JOHN REMINGTON, M.D., '73.
ai9 East 17th St., New York City.
HOBBIE, WILLIAM ROSCOE, '69.
Greenwich, N. Y.
HOLBROOK, DAVID LEVERETT, REV., '72.
Lake Geneva, Wis.
HOLMES, HENRY MARTYN, REV., '60.
Meriden, N. H., or Ayer, Mass.
HOMES, FRANCIS, REV., »48.
Easton, Cochesset P. O., Mass.
HOWARD, CHARLES SAMUEL, '80.
712 Greenwich St., San Francisco, Cal.
HOWELL, LUTHER CLARK, '64.
Died October 16, 1866.
HOWLAND, GEORGE, '50.
1420 Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111.
HOWLAND, WALTER MORTON, '63.
57 Portland Block, Chicago, 111.
HOWLAND, WILLIAM, '46.
Died December 20, 1880.
HOWLAND, WILLIAM WARE, REV., \i,
Oodoville, Tappia, Ceylon.
HOYT, JAMES HUMPHREY, LL.B., '73.
105 Public Square, Cleveland, Ohio.
HUMPHREY, HENRY MARTYN, »42.
Died July 4, 1841.
HUMPHREY, LEONARD, '46.
Died November 30, 1850.
HUMPHREY, ZEPHANIAH MOORE, REV., '43.
Died November 12, 1881.
HUNT, JOHN SAVAGE, '87.
Utica, N. Y.
HUNTINGTON, ELLERY CHANNING, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
HUNTINGTON, FREDERld DAN, RT. REV., '39.
Sjrracuse, N. Y.
l64 AMHERST CHAPTER
HUNTTING, SAMUEL, REV., '44.
Died September 10, 1849.
HUTCHINSON, HENRY ELIJAH, '58.
1346 Pacific St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
HUTCHINSON, HORACE, REV., »39.
Died March 7, 1846.
HUTCHINSON, PROPER KIMBALL, M.D., '41.
Died November i, 1872.
HYDE, GEORGE MERRIAM, »88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
IRWIN, DAVID ALBION, '64.
Ret. Captain U. S. Army, Zellwood, Fla.
JAMES, ARTHUR CURTISS, '89.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
JEWETT, GEORGE BAKER, REV., '40.
Died June 9, 1886.
KELLY, ARTHUR WILLARD, REV., '79.
KELLY, EDWARD PARKER, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
KELSEY, HENRY SYLVESTER, REV., 55.
499 La Salle Ave., Chicago, 111.
KEMP, JAMES FURMAN, »8i.
443 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
KIDDER, WILLIAM MAGEE, '87. .
18 Wall St., New York City.
KIMBALL, DAVID MATHER, '44.
Died October 23, 1857.
KIMBALL, FRANK FARNUM, '76.
215 Ryerson St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
KIMBALL, JOSEPH, '57.
KNAPP, GEORGE SPENCER, '71.
267 Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111.
KYBURG, GEORGE WILSON, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
LADD, CHARLES ELLIOTT, »8i.
LADD, WILLIAM MEAD, '78.
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 1 65
LAMB, WILLIAM GEORGE, '85.
South Hadley Falls, Mass.
LANE, CHARLES STODDARD, REV., '80.
Union ville. Conn.
LANE, JAMES PILLSBURY, REV., '57.
Norton, Bristol Co., Mass.
LARNED, STEPHEN HOLMES, '69.
74 Lincoln St., Worcester, Mass.
LEARNED, SAMUEL JULIUS, '45.
Lake Forest, 111.
LELAND, GEORGE ADAMS, M.D., »74.
349 Marlborough St., Boston, Mass.
LEWIS, FRANCIS DRAPER, LL.B., ^69.
411 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
LEWIS, JAMES. REV., '61.
205 N. Scott St., Joliet, 111.
LEWIS, THOMAS AUGUSTUS, '59-
Died July 9, 1865.
LEWIS, ZECHARIAH EDWARDS, M.D., '62.
JJew Rochelle, N. Y.
LINDSAY, GEORGE WALTER, '86.
Care of W. C. R. R., Waukesha, Wis.
LINNELL, JONATHAN EDWARDS, M.D., '44.
LINNELL, NATHAN SEABURY, '43.
Died September 10, 1843.
LIPPITT, ANDREW CLARK, JR., LL.B., '66.
New London, Conn.
LITTLE, ARTHUR MITCHELL, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
LITTLE, REV. GEORGE OBADIAH, '60.
ai6 I St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
LITTLE, JOSEPH BREWSTER, REV., '60.
224 East 12th St., Davenport, Iowa.
LIVERMORE, AARON RUSSELL, REV., '37.
LORD, NATHAN LYNDS, REV., '37.
Rochester, Fulton Co., Ind.
LORING, ROBERT PEARMAIN, M.D., '74.
Newton Centre, Mass.
X66 AMHERST CHAPTER
LYON, APPLETON PARK, '70.
180 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
LYON, WALTER HUNTINGTON, »5i.
Died November 13, 1853.
MARBLE, CHARLES FRANCIS, "96,
7 Beaver St., Worcester, Mass.
MARCH, CHARLES AUGUSTUS, '70.
195 Lake St., Chica£:o, 111.
MARCH, DANIEL, REV., '38.
MARCH, DANIEL, JR., M.D., '65.
MARCH, FRANCIS ANDREW, '45.
Lafayette College, Easton, Pa.
MARCH, FREDERIC WILLIAM, REV., '67.
MARCY, ALEXANDER, M.D., '59.
Camden, N. J.
MARSH, FRANK BALLARD, '83.
79 Spring St., New York City.
MARSHALL, JONATHAN BRYANT, '38.
Died June 30, 1861.
MARTIN, EDWIN KONIGMACHER, '71.
MATTHEWS, HENRY MARTYN, '69.
116 La Salle St., Chicago, 111.
MAYNARD, EDWARD, '62.
Died January 10, 1868.
MAYNARD, HORACE, '38.
Knoxville, Knox Co., Tenn.
MAYNARD JAMES, »74.
1340 R St. N.W., Washington, D. C.
McELHINNEY, JOHN WILLIAM, LL.B., '72.
Clayton, St. Louis Co., Mo.
McGLATHERY, WILLIAM, REV., '6a.
Middletown, N. Y.
McKINSTRY, JOHN ALEXANDER, REV., '38.
Richfield, Summit Co., Ohio.
McMANUS, PARKER WHITTLESEY, »63.
ALPHA DELTA PHI. 167
MEARS, LEVERETT, '74.
MILLER, ALBERT BARNES, '70.
Died June 7, 1871.
MILLER, JOHN HAMILTON, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
MILLER, SAMUEL FISHER, '48.
Died October 28, 1870.
MILLIKEN, ARTHUR NORRIS, LL.B., '80.
15 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass.
MILLS, CHARLES SMITH, REV., '82.
MILLS, FRANK SMITH, »87.
MONTELIUS, WILLIAM PIPER, '63.
Died June 16, 1865.
MONTGOMERY, ALEXANDER, REV., 'yj-
Died February 25, 1859.
MORRIS, GEORGE BLISS, LL.B., '37.
Died July 7, 1872.
MORSE, JASON, REV., '45.
Died October 14, 1861.
MORSE, LEONARD, '71.
MOSMAN, WALTER BEMIS, '78.
26 Broadway, New York City.
NEILL, HEMAN HUMPHREY, REV., '66.
NEWHALL, GEORGE HARRISON, REV., '45.
Died August 24, 1853.
NEWLIN, ELLIS JAMES, REV., »4i.
Died December 12, i88to.
NORRIS, KINGSLEY FLAVEL, REV., '73.
1336 Jeff erson St., N. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
NORTHROP, EDWIN FITCH, '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mslss.
NORTHROP, HENRY DAVENPORT, REV., '57.
831 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa.
NOYES, STEPHEN DUTTON, REV., '66.
93 Fair St., Kingston, N. Y.
1 68 AMHERST CHAPTER
OSBORNE, THEODORE MOODY, 'yi-
6 Carpenter St., Salem, Mass.
PACKARD, ABEL KINGMAN, REV., '45.
Highland Lake, CoU
PACKARD, FRANK EDWARDS, »8o.
PAINE, ALBERT GEORGE, M.D., '72.
3964 Drexel Boulevard, Chicago, 111.
PAINE, CHARLES GOODELL GOBDARD, '61.
22 Selden Ave., Detroit, Mich.
PAINE, LYMAN MAY, '72.
175 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.
PALMER, JAMES HENRY, '57.
PARK, CHARLES WARE, REV., '67.
PARK, EBENEZER BURGESS, '64.
Osaya Mission, Kansas.
PARSONS, JOHN, REV., '73.
1121 Seventeenth St., Denver, Col.
PAULLIN, HENRY, '76.
PEASE, EDMUND MORRIS, M.D., REV., '54.
Care Rev. A. O. Forbes, Honolulu, Hawaiian Isl.
PECKHAM, JOSEPH, REV,, '37.
Died May 17, 1884.
PECKHAM, WILLIAM CLARK, '67.
Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn, N. Y.
PEPPER, GEORGE DANA BOARDMAN,REV.,»57.
PERRY, JOSEPH HARTSHORN, '82.
35 West St. , Worcester, Mass.
PETTIBONE, BENJAMIN WELCH, '60.
Winchester Centre, Conn.
PETTIBONE, IRA WELCH, '54.
188 and 190 Washington St., Chicago, 111.
PHELPS, AUSTIN, REV., '38.
PIERCE, EDWARD WILLARD, '59.
Died September 13, 187 1.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 69
PLIMPTON, SALEM MARSH, REV., '46.
Died September 14, 1866.
PLUMMER, HENRY IRVING, '78.
Died December 30, 1874.
PRATT, CHARLES MILLARD, '79.
26 Broadway, New York City.
PRATT, CHARLES RANSOM, '(^
Elmira, N. Y.
PRATT, FRED. BAYLEY, '87,
232 Chnton Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
PRATT, GEORGE HARLOW, REV., '64.
PRATT, THEODORE CONSTANTINE, REV., '57.
Auburn, N. H.
PRATT, WILLIAM ORRIN, ^77.
The Pratt Institute, Ryerson St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
PRENTICE, EZRA PARMELEE, '85.
Room A, 55 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.
PRENTICE, PIERREPONT ISHAM, '90.
10 Tower Place, Chicago, 111.
PRESTON, JAMES WILLARD, '39.
Longwood Avenue, Brookline, Mass.
PRICE, SAMUEL HARRISON, '39.
Lewisburgh, W. Va.
PRIEST, SYLVANUS CHICKERING, '58.
Died August 25, 1858.
RAE, ALEXANDER, M.D., '83.
21 Clinton St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
RAND, EDWARD GILLETT, »8i.
466 Broad St., Providence, R. I.
REED, GEORGE MILTON, LL.B., »62.
246 Washington St., Boston, Mass.
REED, WILLIAM BARRETT, M.D., »37.
Died December 6, 1846.
REEVES, THOMAS, REV., '75.
Woonsocket, R. I.
RHEES, RUSH, '83.
Plainfield, N. J.
RICE, DANIEL, REV., '37.
Macalester College, Macalester, Minn.
I70 AMHERST CHAPTER
RICE. STILLMAN, '56.
RICHARDS, JAMES AUSTIN, M.D., ♦si.
Died June 4, 1859.
RICHARDSON, HENRY BULLARD, "^
RICHARDSON, JOHN KENDALL, ^69.
ROBBINS, EDWARD COMBS, »63.
3504 Lindell Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
ROCKWELL, FRANCIS WARREN, M.D., '65.
6 Lafayette Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
ROCKWELL, FRANCIS WILLIAMS, LL.B., W.
Pitts field, Mass.
ROCKWELL, JOEL EDSON, REV., '37.
Died July 99, 1882.
ROCKWELL, ROBERT CAMPBELL, '71.
ROOT, HENRY DWIGHT, '52.
Died September 3, 1855.
ROWLAND, LYMAN SIBLEY, REV., '58.
SALTER, SUMNER, *^^.
15 Capitol Place, Atlanta, Ga.
SANDERS, ORREN BURNHAM, M.D., '78.
376 Columbus Ave, Boston, Mass.
SANFORD, ABBOTT, '77.
SANFORD, BAALIS, '45.
Died , 1875.
SANFORD, ELLIOT, LL.B., »6i.
95 Nassau St. New York City.
SANFORD, JOHN ELIOT, '51.
SARGENT, WILLIAM ARTHUR, LL.B., '79.
39 Equitable Building, Boston, Mass.
SAVILLE, HENRY MARTYN, M.D., '54.
Died January 11, 1881.
SAWYER, JOSEPH HENRY, '65.
ALPHA DBLTA PHI, 171
SAYLOR, FRANCIS HOFFMAN, '65.
357 South 4th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
SCOVILLj:, FRANK CHURCHILL, REV., '^s.
Greenwich, N. Y.
SESSIONS, ROBERT HARVEY, 'SS.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
SHATTUCK, ELIJAH CARTER, »so.
Berlin, Worcester Co., Mass.
SHEPARD, EDWARD OLCOTT, '60.
37 l^quitable Building, Boston, Mass.
SHEPARD, LUTHER DIMMICK, D.D.S., '6«.
xoo Boylston St., Boston, Mass.
SHEPARDSON, DANIEL, REV., '39.
SIEBERT, CHARLES ALBERT, '72.
414 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo.
SKEELE, ARTHUR FESSENDEN, REV., '75.
SKEELE, WALTER FISHER, '88.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
SLEEPER, WILLIAM WASHBURN, REV., '78.
Care of A. B. C. F. M., Boston, Mass.
SMART, ISAAC CHIPMAN, REV., '81.
SMITH, BRYANT, •87.
SMITH, BENJAMIN ELI, '77.
The Century Co., 33 East 17th St., New York.
SMITH, BENTLEY HOWARD, »5i.
Joanna Furnace, Pa.
SMITH, CHARLES FULLER, »38.
Died December 8, 1863.
SMITH, CURTIS BENJAMIN MINOR, »37.
Died June 18, 1877.
SMITH, CHARLES SPRAGUE, '74.
Columbia College, New York City.
SMITH, EDWARD ROBINSON, »76.
1337 Broadway, New York City.
SMITH, HORACE PAYSON, REV, »54.
Died March 13, 1877.
172 AMHERST CHAPTER.
SMITH, THEODORE, *86.
Cimarron, New Mexico.
SMITH, THOMAS SNELL, REV., tA.
Tillipally, Jaffna, Ceylon.
SMITH, VINCENT. HENRY, '43.
Died Aus^ust 99, 1868.
SPAULDING, SAMUEL THOMSON, '39.
Died October 7, 1877.
SPAULDING, TIMOTHY GRIDLEY, »73.
SPENCER, JOHN LAURENS, '48.
Died October 13, 1851.
SPOFFORD, HENRY MARTYN, •40.
Died August 90, 1880.
SPROUT, WILLIAM BRADFORD, »8^
Room 119, 405 Main St., Worcester, Mass.
STANTON, GEORGE FRANCIS, REV., '^
31 Congfregfational House, Boston, Mass.
STEBBINS, FRANK EDWARD, •80.
U. S. Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
STEBBINS, MILAN CYRUS, REV., 'si.
STEVENS, HENRY AUGUSTUS, REV., '57.
Bristol, R. I.
STILES, FRANKLIN OSGOOD, '56.
Died January 36, 1857.
STOCKBRIDGE, HENRY (SMITH), »45.
313 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md.
STOKES, HARRY SHELBY, LL.B., '71.
Died January, 1875.
STOKES, JAMES FRAZER, LL.B., »67.
Terrene, Bolivar Co., Miss.
STOKES, WILLIAM CAMPBELL, '69.
Died February s, 1869.
STONE, HENRY DWIGHT, '44.
Died October 37, 1869.
STONE, TIMOTHY PORTER, »63.
STONE, WILLIAM PIERCE, *t^
Died November 9, 1863.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 173
STORRS, HENRY EDWARD, •64.
STORRS, HENRY MARTYN, REV., '46.
Orange, N. J.
STORRS, RICHARD SALTER, REV., '39.
80 Pierrepont St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
STORRS, RICHARD SALTER, '53.
STOWE, TIMOTHY, REV., \^.
Died August 11, 1866.
SUMNER, GEORGE, JR., '39.
Died October 29, 1852.
SYBRANDT, WILLIAM HENRY, REV., '76.
14th St., Troy, N. Y.
TAYLOR, HORACE WILLARD, '48.
TEAD, EDWARD SAMPSON, '75.
TENNEY, ALBERT FRANCIS, '69.
Madison, N. J.
THAYER, JAMES SMITH, »38.
Died January 19, 1881.
THOMPSON, ALBERT HENRY, REV., '72.
Wakefield, N. H.
THOMPSON, AMHERST LORD, REV., '51.
Died August 25, i860.
THOMPSON, FREDERIC MINER, •87.
175 Herkimer St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
THOMPSON, JOHN HOWLAND, »5o.
81 Clark St., Chicago, lU.
THRESHER, ALMON UNDERWOOD, '65.
THURSTON, HIRAM EDWARD, '79.
Box 626, Providence, R. I.
THURSTON, THATCHER THAYER, »8i.
Fall River, Mass.
TITUS, JOSEPH AUGUSTUS, '63. '
TOBEY, RUFUS BABCOCK, REV., 77.
174 AMHERST CHAPTER
TOMSON, TRUMAN, 'da.
Died November 7, 1866.
TORREY, DAVID, REV.. '43.
Cacenovia, N. Y.
TOWER, FRANCIS EMORY, REV.. '6a
TOWNE, EDWARD SOUTHWORTH, REV., '64.
Vineland. N. J.
TRAIN, GORHAM, »5a.
TREADWAY, ALLEN TOWNER, '86.
TUCKER, EDWIN BENJAMIN, '85.
358 West 30th St., New York City.
UNDERBILL, JOHN WINN, REV., '54-
Died October 17, 1862.
WACKERHAGEN, PHILIP MAYER, '81.
756 Broadway, Albany, N. Y.
WADHAMS, RALPH HOLBERTON, '89.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
WAITE, GEORGE WHITE, '61.
WALKER, WILLISTON, '83.
Emilien Strass, 13, Leipzig, Germany.
WARD, JAMES WILSON, REV., »a6.
Died February, i, 1873.
WARD, JAMES WILSON, JR., REV., '60.
Died October 30, 1875.
WARD, JOHN LORD HAYES, '59.
Died August i, 1859.
WARD, WILLIAM HAYES, REV., '56.
*• The Independent," New York City.
WARNER, AARON EDWARDS, LL.B., »6i.
WARREN, FREDERICK MORRIS, •8a
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
WASHBURN, CHARLES ELLERY, M.D., '38.
Died April 10, 1865.
WASHBURN, WILLIAM IVES, LL.B., '76.
3 Broad St., New York City.
ALPHA DELTA PHI, 1 75
WEEDEN, CHARLES FOSTER, '84.
HoBmer Hall, Hartford, Conn.
WEEDEN. WILLIAM ORNE, REV., »77.
Care of Clinton R. Weeden, Providence, R. I.
WELLMAN, ARTHUR HOLBROOK, LL.B., '78.
24 Congress St, Boston, Mass.
WELLS, GEORGE HUNTINGTON, REV., '63.
WELLS, WILLIAM HARVEY, '36.
Died January ai, 1885.
WHEELER, WILLARD HAYDEN, '84.
374 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
WHIPPLE, WILLIAM WARD, REV., »4i.
Camp Point, IlL
WHITE, WILLIAM PRESCOTT, REV., »67.
Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa.
WHITING, WILLIAM HAMMOND, '64.
Died December 99, 1874.
WHITNEY, HARRY MARTIN, JR., '78.
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
WILDER, JOSEPH EELLS, '63.
Died April 8, 1864.
WILDER, WILLIAM FRANKLIN, '56.
Colorado Springs, Col.
WILLARD, THOMAS CLIFTON, '87.
814 Boltwood Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
WILLIAMS, ELIJAH HAWLEY, '73.
WILLIAMS, GEORGE HUNTINGTON, Ph.D. V8.
John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
WILLIAMS, HORACE ROBBINS, REV., »6a
WILLIAMS, HENRY WARREN, '37.
WILLIAMS, HINCKLEY WRIGHT, '66.
Died August 25, 1864.
WILLIAMS, JOHN CAMP, '82.
Care of Crane Bros. Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111.
WILLIAMS, JOHN HEALY, REV., '68.
2008 East Seventh St., Kansas City, Mo.
176 AMHERST CHAPTER.
WILLIAMS, STALHAM LEON, JR., '90.
Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
WILLIAMS, TALCOTT. '73.
Philadelphia *' Press," Philadelphia, Pa.
WILLIAMS, WILLIAM HERBERT, '76.
WILSON. ANDREW. REV., '43.
Died February 27. 1878.
WILSON, PETER HOWARD, '89.
Amherst College. Amherst, Mass.
WILSON, THADDEUS, REV., '43.
Shrewsbury, N. J.
WITHINGTON, NATHAN NOYES, '51.
WITHINGTON, WILLIAM SHERBURNE, '41.
Died May 20, 1841.
WOOD, HOWARD OGDEN, '80.
80 St. Mark's Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.
WOOD, IRA COUCH, »86.
Oak Park, Cook Co, 111.
WOOD, ISAAC WILLARD, LL.B., '68.
Grand Rapids, Mich.
WOOD, WALTER CHILDS, '86.
19 Argyle Place, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Care of Brown, Shipley & Co, London, England.
WOODBRIDGE. FREDERICK JAMES EUGENE,
'89. Amherst College, Amherst, Mass.
WOODBRIDGE, JOHN. '49.
80 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.
WOODBRIDGE, JOHN, JR., '73.
80 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.
WOODMAN, GEORGE SULLIVAN, M.D., '46.
WRIGHT, CHARLES HANDEL, '78.
40 West Broadway, New York City.
WRIGHT, RUSSELL MEDAD, '44.
Castleton, Rutland Co., Vt.
WYMAN, HENRY NEHEMIAH, LL.B.,'45,
San Francisco, Cal. ^
WYMAN, WALTER, M.D., '70.
U. S. Marine Hospital Service, Battery, New York.
VOE, LUCIEN GURNEE, '68.
43 River St., Chicago, 111.