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October, 1013 to June, 1914 




Frontispiece. — The Sigma Delta Rho House. From 

photograph by Mills. Facing 1 

The College Window. Editorl\l Notes 1 

To What Purpose Then.? — ^A Nursery of Ignorance. — 
From our Item Editor. 
The Goal and the Game. Baccalaureate Address. 

Alexander Meiklejohn, Brown, '93 11 

In Amherst Town. Poem. Frederick Houk Law, '95 . . 21 
At the Sign of the Big, Red Apple. Walter A. Dyer, '00 22 

Sonnets. Garret W. Thompson, '88 «. . 28 

Pleasures of an Amateur Print Collector. Ernest G. 

Draper, '06 29 

0n CoUege J^iii 

The College Year of 1912-13. Editor 34 

The Ninety-Second Commencement. Editor 40 

Portrait of President Emeritus George Harris. From 

painting by H. L. Hubbell. Facing 46 

George Harris, D.D., LL.D. Herbert L. Bridgman, '66 . 46 

Portrait of Professor E. P. Crowell. From portrait by 

E. B. Child, '90. Facing 49 

A Hero OF Half A Century. John F.Genung, b.on. '13 . . 49 

tlTfje Jgoofe Cable 

Boynton, London in English Literature. — Field, Rome, 
H. de F. Smith. — Chancellor, Our Presidents and their 
Office, J. F. Genung 53 

0Uitial anb ^ersfonal 

The Trustees 57 

The Faculty 58 

The Alumni 60 

The Classes 61 


President Meiklejohn, author of the baccalaureate address, to which we have 
given the title "The Goal and the Game," needs no introduction. 

Frederick Houk Law, who wrote the poem "In Amherst Town," when he was 
an undergraduate, is at the head of the Department of EngUsh in the Stuy- 
vesant High School, New York City. 

Walter A. Dyer, who writes the article "At the Sign of the Big, Red Apple," 
is one of the editorial staff of Country Life in America. 

Garrett W. Thompson, who writes the sonnets on page 28, is professor of German 
in the University of Maine, Orono, Me. 

Ernest G. Draper, who writes about "The Pleasures of an Amateur Print Col- 
lector," is in business in New York City. 

Herbert L. Bridgman, who gave the speech on President Emeritus George Harris, 
is a distinguished journalist of Brooklyn, N. Y.; prominent also for his interest 
in Arctic exploration. 

The writer of the review of Mr. Boynton's book modestly desires to remain anony- 

H. de F. Smith, who reviews Mr. Field's book, is professor of Greek in Amherst 







































:-H ^ 



VOL. III.— OCTOBER, 1913.— No 1. 


ANOTHER Commencement has come and gone, as is the 
way of Commencements; and now at the opening of a 
new college year, while the directors of affairs on the hill 
are caring for the undergraduate beginners, we of the alumni 
T Wh t P ^^^ cherishing fond and friendly thoughts of 

rrt -V the goodly company of men who have iust gone 

pose Then? j. , . . , . 

from us, and are now entering upon their 

matriculation as Freshmen in a larger and sterner school. We 
project our remembered experience into theirs; and we realize 
that in the years here beginning they, as did we, will ask them- 
selves what college values remain intact or growing, what will 
prove transient, and whether on the whole those four pleasant 
but expensive years spent at college, were a paying investment. 
It is the same question that many others, both within and without 
academic circles, are asking, one of the leading questions in fact, 
in the current assessment of educational values. Money, as we 
are well aware, is not the only measure of value; but in the years 
immediately succeeding college, before age creeps on and makes 
us introspective, it cannot help bulking large in many minds, and 
college life cannot well escape its unit of appraisal. 

One is led to this reflection by an article on "The Value 
of a College Education," in a recent number of the Woman's 
Home Companion, by an able and popular author, Mr. Ralph 
Waldo Trine. It will pay you to borrow your wife's copy of the 
September number and read it. He concedes the eminent value 


of a college education; estimates its elements with engaging 
frankness; but it is especially interesting to note where and 
how he locates it. In reading his estimate one recalls rather too 
vividly that he is writing for women; but I hasten to let that 
pass lest I incur an uncomplimentary implication not only to him 
but to them. I quote his opening section. 

"Is a college education," he writes, "as valuable as those who 
have not the good fortune of having it are apt to think it is.? 
Does a college education pay? 

"The answer to the former question is unquestionably in the 
negative: No. The answer to the latter is unquestionably in 
the affirmative: Yes — it pays, and pays abundantly. 

"When we remember the fact that ninety-nine and two-thirds 
per cent, of all one learns at college, to err on the side of conserva- 
tism, is promptly forgotten after one has been away from it, 
say, for ten years; so far as actual knowledge is concerned, the 
price is too hea\y in both time and means. 

"When we remember, however, that its real value is something 
quite different from the mere acquisition of knowledge, and 
consider training, unfoldment, contact, associations, friendships 
formed, the finding of one's self, the increased ability readily 
to enter open or even closed doors, no man or woman of experience 
will deny that its returns are far greater than its cost. " 

Mr. Trine then goes on to make out a charming and convincing 
case for all the elements here enumerated, except — learning. That 
is the evanescent thing, the thing of which more than ninety-nine 
per cent, vanishes, while the rest remains and more than balances 
the account. What he means by this fleeting ingredient he later 
refers to as "general information, learning, if you please." Well, 
if we please to narrow learning to this, we will not gainsay him. 
As reservoirs of "general information" gained ten years ago 
most of us are pretty leaky. And yet to the outsider, for whom 
Mr. Trine is writing, this will look like the play of Hamlet with 
the princely Dane left out. What, he will ask, is a college for, 
with its libraries and laboratories and lectures and seminars, with 
its founders' and patrons ' hopes fondly centered there, if not pre- 
cisely to store young men's brains with rare and varied knowledge? 
What indeed has become of the "enterprise of learning," if its 


avails are so fugitive, — unless, by some shallow optimism we can 
still hold (with apologies to the shade of Tennyson) that 

" 'Tis better to have learned and lost 
Than never to have learned at all." 

As a matter of fact that is what we do hold, the least scholarly 
of us; and we show our faith in it by sending our sons to repeat 
our experience. College still remains to us, in spite of enormous 
shrinkage, an institution of learning. 

But somehow, we do not feel so badly about all this forgotten 
knowledge as our outsider thinks we ought to feel. We laugh it off 
when we come back to reunion, as if it were a good joke; we note 
how impossible entrance examinations would be to us now; we 
seek out our old teachers and remind them, not of things they 
taught us, but of certain pleasantries or escapades of the class- 
room. Or if we bring up specific facts retained from lectures 
and books it is in the ironical spirit of Stevenson, whose elaborate 
bluff at memory is made not in regret, but in glee at the slenderness 
of it. "I have attended a good many lectures in my time," he 
says. "I still remember that the spinning of a top is a case of 
Kinetic Stability. I still remember that Emphyteusis is not a 
disease, nor Stillicide a crime. " All of us, I presume, can produce 
such bits of remembered things as these from our mental scrap- 
bag, and we have our own reasons, sometimes as trivial as Steven- 
son's, for keeping them; but our sense of values is elsewhere. 
"Though I would not willingly part," Stevenson continues, "with 
such scraps of science, I do not set the same store by them as by 
certain other odds and ends that I came by." ^Vliere he got these 
others is not to our purpose here; but they were not cribbed from 
a book nor retained merely by memory; they were things that 
had become vital and moving in what he calls the "Science of 
the Aspects of Life." For the sake of this he could afford to 
forget many things, and even make merry over it; he was still 
an educated man, devoted to the enterprise of learning. 

The truth is, we can bear to lose our class-room acquisitions 
with such serene equanimity because memory is no longer our 
measure of value. It was more so when we were children in 


grammar school and high school, and then was the time to culti- 
vate and prize it; but college is the place to cultivate initiative 
rather, to learn the art of thinking for ourselves. Of course we 
are apt to make a mess of this at first; and the result, as compared 
with what our betters have thought out and put in order is so 
crude as to seem hardly like learning at all, and so tentative as 
to be better forgotten, or rather outgrown. But we instinctively 
banish the mind whose only asset is sheer memory to the category 
of arrested development; and the man who in later years becomes 
a walking encyclopaedia of remembered facts, and nothing more, 
belongs to the freak class. The sense of this tendency is at the 
real basis of the college sentiment against "grinds" and "sharks" 
and bookworms. There is a stage of mental achievement beyond 
this which it is the college man's business, however lamely, to enter 
upon and climb; it is the thinking, constructive, creative stage, 
wherein his individual powers seek an expression of their own. 
In this transition from the memory unit to the constructive, it is 
only a law of nature that, as Goethe says, "When you lose interest 
in anything, you also lose the memory of it." But you have not 
lost the real substance of learning; no, nor the remembering power 
either; you have only placed it where, according to your taste 
and temperament, it belongs. What really concerns you, and is 
woven into the tissue of your life, is recalled, or rather lives on, 
as vividly as ever. In a very true sense, the arbitrary memory 
has died, only to rise again in a fairer, more vital form. And 
this is the learning that pays. 

In view of this leakage of one's college accumulations, Mr. Trine 
ascribes the greater value to an alternative. "There can be no 
question," he remarks, "that so far as general information, learn- 
ing, if you please, is concerned, the same length of time spent in 
well-ordered, earnest, systematic reading and study will give one 
far more than any college education can possibly give." Leaving 
then this ingredient of "learning, if you please," as if it were the 
inert and discountable element in college values, he goes on to 
ask, "Are there other gains.''" and to answer, "There are, and 
through these come the chief advantages of a college education." 
Then follows the discussion of the charming list already quoted. 
To all this we make no demur. We only raise one question: 


Suppose then we eliminate the "learning, if you please" element, 
and let the other values go on unimpeded, — the training, unfold- 
ment, contact, associations, friendships formed, and the rest. 
What culture medium, what atmosphere, what common interest 
and endeavor, would these have to develop in? What pretext 
for such expensive companionship would remain? We know what 
happened not long ago when these elements got a little out of 
balance. The side-shows, it was complained, were in danger of 
swallowing up the circus. Where, on the one hand, dispropor- 
tionate emphasis was laid on the "training and unfoldment" due 
to games and athletics; where, on the other hand, disproportionate 
emphasis was laid on the "contact, associations, friendships 
formed" due to proms and social functions; it is not enough to 
say the primal object of the college suflFered, the whole tone and 
character of college life was lowered and cheapened. Life was 
projected, so to say, on a more ignoble background. And the 
call was for a return to the quest for knowledge, the storing of 
information, the "learning, if you please," whose life in memory 
is alleged to be so short. The steady effort to be scholars, the 
resolve to remember and apply your findings, — in short the thing 
of which "the price" is alleged to be "too heavy in both time and 
means," is what gives worth and dignity to all the rest; and 
the rest, whose returns are so gi-eat, cannot be had in true value 
without it. 

YOU have heard the anecdote of a young fellow engaged 
with a company in the American game of "swapping 
yarns," who when his turn came capped the contest with 
a story so grotesquely impossible as to incur immediate remon- 

. TVT c strance. "Why," he urged in defence, "I thought 

A Nursery of ,. ,. . „. f„ y. .^ . ' ,^ , ^. 

T^ twas lies you was tellin . It it is laults he is 

Ignorance „ ,. , . n/r m • , • i- 

tinding, we are prepared to cap Mr. i rine s indict- 
ment of learning with a charge still more serious, — to beat him 
at his owTi game. Our heading may sound hke a cynical, or 
let us say Chestertonian topic for an editorial note if the writer 
is understood to apply it to the college. Let me say at once 
that is just what I mean to do, and in no censorious or muck-rak- 
ing animus either. As a certain Irish listener replied to his fellow 
when the two had misunderstood an intoned clause in the 


church service, "Doan't thot bate hell?" " Sure," was the prompt 
and loyal answer, "thot's theintintion." The college educational 
order, no less truly than the church, has a number of large and 
wise intentions, and this of fostering ignorance is one of them, 
not the only one, of course, nor the final one, but worth con- 
sidering in good faith as a legitimate element of its compre- 
hensive function. Some things in the review of the past year 
tend to bring this element to hght. 

Let us get at our meaning by the Greek route; that, you know, 
is much in favor nowadays. Browning, who shows his keen 
insight into the Greek genius in his portrait of Cleon the poet, 
shall make him suggest it. Cleon may stand as a ripe example of 
the all-round college-bred man. In his letter to "Protus in his 
Tyranny" he points with pride, as the politicians would say, to 
the many things he has done — poetry, sculpture, painting, anat- 
omy, music — in his general culture, for he has not attained the 
highest specialism in any line; and then as a crowning achievement 
of learning he boasts, 

" And I have written three books on the soul. 
Proving absurd all written hitherto. 
And putting us to ignorance again." 

That, he deems, is a thing to be proud of, — sweeping the boards 
clean, as it were, and pushing the learned world back to ignorance. 
It is about what we blame and ridicule in the Greek Sophists, 
who are to us the synonym of insincere special pleading. But 
lest We should think Cleon — or his creator Browning — were 
laughing in his sleeve, let us interrogate Socrates himself, whose 
noble sincerity we would not question. "Listen to him," (I quote 
from a scholarly writer on the Greek genius) "in a friend's house 
at Athens. He is discussing justice. 'What,' he asks, 'is it.?' 
'Giving back to your neighbor what is his own,' replies some one. 
'And would you give a sword back to a madman if it were his own, 
and he likely to do murder with it?' 'No.' 'Then we must 
look for some other definition.' 'Justice is to do harm to one's 
enemies and good to one's friends.' 'But if our enemy is a good 
man, is it just to injure him? Surely not? You will have to 
give up that definition too.' And so on; definition after defini- 


tion is raised and found wanting, and we end— probably in a fog. 
This happens in every dialogue. The discussions of Socrates lead 
to little in the way of conclusion; they are sceptical; they never 
reach more than a provisional truth; they are always ready to 
throw away results, to sacrifice a position that might seem to 
have been gained." 

Now what is this but just Cleon's feat of putting us to ignorance 
not merely "again" but constantly? I was reading the dialogue 
of Eutyphron the other day and found the same bewildering 
method. It discusses the subject of holiness; and I would challenge 
any one to tell from it what holiness definitely means. Socrates, 
as we know, was an inveterate old puzzler and sceptic, though he 
made nobly good at the end, and though his positive contributions 
to clarity of thinking put him with the world's supreme teachers. 
But one thing — the great redeeming thing — was almost a mania 
with him: that the men with whom he talked should be jolted 
out of the smug, superficial, untested notions and prejudices 
which they had inlierited, and which they had retained merely 
because they were too lazy to think. Ignorance — a proved and 
grounded ignorance, for there is such a thing — is far preferable 
to such a mentally vegetative state. Or as the author just quoted 
puts it: "He holds it more worthy to seek than to find, better 
never to reach his goal than to arrive at a wrong one." 

We do not have to go to Socrates or to antiquity for this hos- 
pitality to ignorance. It is abundant in modern science and 
literature; it is a corollary of the sincere search after truth. A 
professor of science in one of our colleges once remarked to his 
class that geologists formerly thought thfey knew the cause of 
earthquakes, but now they are sure they do not; "a proof," he 
said, "of the progress of science." This remark may stand as a 
fair type of what is "doing" in all fields of learning. I have illus- 
trated it from the methods of that classic race which, with all its 
dubious results, has taught the world to think, and we relegate 
the questions on which they laid out their thought to the sphere 
of philosophy and religion; but science and history and literature 
are just as full of such uncertainties and disillusions. 

"Our little systenis have their day: 
They have their day and cease to be." 


Some are built on facts, which are the slipperiest things in the 
world; some on experiment, which is always giving way to the 
findings of other experiment; some on the logical process of putting 
one thought and another together, which is open to the invasion 
of fallacy and unsound reasoning. "All thought carries with it," 
as has been said, "an element of unrest"; and this unrest, while 
it means growth toward certitude, has its obverse of growth 
toward ignorance, toward the discovery of mistakes, toward many 
a cul de sac whence there is no further progress and our anticipation 
fails. Since the most of us were undergraduates scientific research 
in many lines has had to begin all over again; history has found 
itself groping between facts and lies; literature — well, we seem 
to be just emerging from the tangle that the latest movements 
have made of things. A Socratic spirit is in control in educational 
methods; and the old prejudices, conceits, inherited notions, 
cock-surenesses, which have so long done duty as substitutes for 
thought, find themselves consigned to the limbo of stark ignorance. 
Such is the melting-pot of ideas which the present-day scholar 
must confront, and out of which he is to get grounded and clarified 

Of course the college, the nursery of scholars, cannot ignore 
all this; cannot take its stand on some arbitrary dogmatic bound- 
ary and say Thus far and no farther. It must submit to be a 
nursery of ignorance, so far as a stage of ignorance is a necessary 
ingredient in the findings of the scholar. It must be a place where, 
if the truth demands it, men will dare to be ignorant; where, if 
the truth delays, men can hold judgments in abeyance; where 
being sure of things is not the same as being cock-sure. Such 
attitudes as these are not always easy where young men in whom 
the vision of great things is surging up are ready to take the king- 
dom of truth by violence. It is certainly not a place where igno- 
rance is bliss. In that sweet lubberland, where it is folly to be 
wise, one imagines there is nothing going on but sports and social 
distractions and perhaps moving picture shows, — a vacuous sort 
of bliss. But in the real home of learning the ignorance that 
must needs be incurred is a pain, albeit a stimulating pain, as it 
were the growing-pains of wisdom. I think something like that is 
what President Meiklejohn had in mind when in his inaugural 


address he said: "I should hke to see every freshman at once 
plunged into the problems of philosophy, into the difficulties and 
perplexities about our institutions, into the scientific accounts of 
the world especially as they bear on human life, into the por- 
trayals of human experience which are given by the masters of 
literature." He makes the condition that this be done by proper 
teaching, and admits that the student "would be a sadly puzzled 
boy at the end of the first year"; but sets before him three good 
years in which to recover and achieve. They are not to stay 
puzzled, and their very puzzlement is constructive; that you can 
see from the baccalaureate address. Well, perhaps one year to 
three is a fair proportion of bewilderment to clarity; for ignor- 
ance, as we have said, is not the only thing nor the final 
thing. I have dwelt upon it as something which may have its 
transitional place in our college education; as a legitimate element 
in promoting that "intintion" not greatly unlike what our two 
Irish friends attributed to a more sacred institution. After all, 
that is the objective, in spite of the ugly name. 

WE HAVE from time to time taken our fellow-alumni into 
our collective confidence, and always with a spirit of 
encouragement and goodwill. We will now preserve 
the same spirit, although our words may seem slightly critical. 
p, ^ Our work has been lightened by the material 

J p, ,. assistance and spiritual approval of many alumni, 

for which we are most grateful. The effect 
might be greater, and the results more tangible, if we could have 
more active cooperation from that group of the elect known as 
class secretaries. To many of our subscribers the most welcome 
pages are those containing the personal news of fellow-alumni. 
For this news we are, theoretically, dependent upon the class 
secretaries; and yet only a small minority of these scribes have 
given any evidence of knowing that the Quarterly exists. Some 
have succeeded in remaining wholly quiet after repeated joggings. 
This may not be due entirely to them. It may be the system 
under which often the news center, or the nerve center, of the 
class, otherwise known as its "live wire," is not the class secretary. 
In this case our appeal is to those — there must be such in each 
class — who will make themselves secretaries pro tem., and let the 

10 amherstgraduates'quarterly I 

teni. be any time when they can pick up a good item^ 
We are of the good old Yankee sort, we — that is, all of the 
alumni — "want to know," you know. If our hint does no more 
than stimulate correspondence, and interest, between a secretary 
and his constituents, we shall be satisfied; for we are confident 
that when this change comes the result will be shown in the 
Quart ERI.Y. We can read the Republican and the Sun and even 
the Cincinnati Enquirer, but we can not read all the local papers, 
and we can not readily invent news. We will not, however, sus- 
pend our department of investigation of the doings of our modest 
alumni, but we do hope the class secretaries will occasionally ex- 
hibit some visible interest in the functions of their office and in. 
the efforts of the Quarterly. 





THIS is a lay sermon. I take no scriptural text. Let my 
text be simply the occasion — this college and these young 
men whom, nurtured and trained, she now sends out upon 
ter mission. What shall she say to them — the last word — as they 
go forth.'' 

On such an occasion our look must be outward and forward — 
not back to the days and the joys that have been, but on to the 
years and the opportunities that are to come. Let us ask, and 
try to answer, whither they are going, what they will find, what 
they may hope to accomplish, what difficulties they will meet, 
in what causes they may enlist in that wonderful world of human 
living for which we have been preparing them. 

Amherst college, with every other liberal college worthy of the 
name, has found her justification in the lives, the activities, the 
deeds of her graduates. Have they lived to better effect than 
they would have done had they not come here, — then her training 
is justified. Have they approached the human task with finer 
discrimination, with greater certainty of touch, with stronger 
resolution, with clearer insight, with greater capacity for dealing 
with it as a man should deal with it, — then Amherst has done well 
and her sons may rejoice in her. To make them ready for living 
worthily of their manhood, of living well rather than badly, that 
has been the aim of the college. Today she is saying that she has 
done what she could to make them ready, and as they go out we 
give them one last word descriptive of the land that lies before 

What is this field of human action into which our graduates go.? 
What are the activities, the deeds, the enterprises which human 
beings are carrying on.? Wliat in its broadest outlines is the 
human task in which every one of us, wise or foolish, strong or 
weak, successful or failing, must take his place? I am minded, 


you see, to tell these young men what in the twenty years since 
my own graduation, I have found life to be, whether in my own 
experience or in that of the people about me. 

Human beings, as I have found them, are engaged in two sets 
of activities and only these two. On the one hand, they are doing 
what they want to do; on the other, they are doing what they 
do not want to do. Some of our actions appeal to us as good in 
themselves; they are activities which we approve, upon which 
we gladly enter, from which we reluctantly depart, events in our 
experience in which we rejoice for their own sake, and because 
of which we are happy to be alive. And there are other actions 
and experiences which are not good in themselves, which we do 
not choose for any value of their own, into which we go only 
when constrained by some necessity, which can be approved if 
at all not for themselves but for the sake of something else to 
which they may contribute. In the interest of brevitj'^ and clear- 
ness may I give to each of these sets of activities a name.'^ The 
use of words may not seem to you the customary one, but it admits 
of accurate statement and will serve our purpose if followed care- 


When a human being is engaged in an activity which he freely 
chooses for its own sake, let us say that he is at play. When he 
embarks upon an enterprise which he desires not for its own value 
but because it is useful for some other value, he is at work. If 
for example one sits down in a quiet corner with a good book, life 
is good for that time, the experience delights and satisfies, the 
happy reader is playing. So too if one climbs a hill, or talks with 
a friend, or cheers at a baseball game, or takes a plunge in the surf, 
or exchanges confidences with a child; these experiences seem 
worth while; one is sorry to have them ended, for then his playing 
is done. But the men who are tending the machines in the mills 
are not at play; they are not there chiefly because of any value 
in the experiences they are having; they are there because they 
must be, they are at work. And the girl behind the counter in 
the shop, the man digging up the street with his pick and spade, 
the school-boy with his hated book of grammar, these are active, 
each in his own measure, not for the love of what they are doing- 


but for the wages of their labor, the other things that may be 
gained and purchased by what they are doing. And in this we 
typify a very large segment of this human experience of ours. 
They are the workers, toiling not for the joy of the labor, but 
for the joy of the reward, not playing but working. 

It may perhaps be said that it is not always possible to distin- 
guish these two sets of activities from each other, to separate 
play and work. In answer I would offer a fairly satisfactory 
test which may be applied. If you find a person busy about some- 
thing but cannot tell whether he is playing or working, offer him 
a holiday. Go to the small boy with the grammar and say, 
" You need not stay at your lessons any longer, school is dismissed 
for today." In all probability you will discover with great 
rapidity what he has been doing. The normal boy is round the 
corner before the decision may be withdrawn. And if you follow 
him round the corner and find him already playing baseball, the 
same test may be applied. Say to him, "You need not stay at 
your pitching any longer. I will take your place and you may go 
back to the grammar if you choose." Your words, before so 
significant, have now no meaning; he is no longer at work, he 
does not wish to be released; the term holiday does not apply; 
the boy is playing, and all that he asks is that the game may go 
on and he be in it. 

Our first bit of news then for these young travelers is that in 
the world into which they are going they will find awaiting them 
two sets of activities for both of which we have tried to prepare 
them. They will find themselves occupied like the boy with the 
grammar and busy like the boy with the baseball. And the 
college expects that whether they work or play they will do it better 
because of the nurture and training which she has given them. 


But now how are these two sets of activities related .^^ How 
do the work and the play of life affect each other.? Is one of them 
more important than the other, and if so which one is the greater.'* 
Are they of equal value; or is one of them so fundamental and 
primary that all the ultimate values of life must be found within 
it alone? Is the meaning of human living to be stated equally 


in terms of play and work, or is the meaning finally reducible 
to terms of one of them? 

It is my own conviction, that in explaining life, play as we have 
defined it is primary and work merely secondary. The things 
which have worth in themselves are fundamental, and upon the 
worth of these all other values depend. And if this be doubted 
the proof is obvious. Why do we carry on activities which are 
not good in themselves, why labor at tasks which are repellant, 
why submit to toil which in itself is burdensome and hateful ? 
There is only one answer, viz., that by means of the labor we 
achieve something else worth while, by submitting to what we 
do not want we may secure what we do want. The work of life 
is justified only as in some way and in some lives it contributes 
to those other experiences which we have called the play. If at 
any point in the social scheme it can be shown that human beings 
are being repressed and hindered and thwarted without any 
return of values to themselves or to others, then at that point 
we condemn the social scheme and demand that it be changed. 
We are willing to give our work in payment for the values of play, 
but if those values are not realized, then we cry out against the 
injustice or the folly of our institutions. We will endure hardship 
as good soldiers if only there is something worth fighting for. 
But if there be no cause to further, no ends to realize, no results 
to achieve, then the labor and the conflict have lost their meaning. 
It is folly to do what we do not deem worth doing in itself unless 
in some way it contributes to ends which are good in themselves, 
to some experiences which appeal to us as worthy of our seeking. 

The second piece of news for our travelers is then that in the 
experiences of life the elements of play are fundamental in value, 
while the elements of work are secondary and merely instrumental. 
Life in its essence is a game rather than a task. It is an enterprise 
which one chooses rather than a labor to which one is compelled. 
The dominant quality of a game is just this, that one enters upon 
it for its own sake, because it is good; as we say one chooses to 
play for the fun of it. Now it is in exactly this same spirit 
that life should be lived by those who have discovered the values 
of living and have established them in proper relations. No one 
of us can choose whether or not he shall exist; that has been 
already decided for us. But every one of us, finding himself 


alive, can determine how he shall face the experience which is his. 
Shall he regard his career as a task imposed upon him? Shall 
he enter upon it as a slave driven and compelled hy circumstances? 
If once he sees life clear and sees it whole, he cannot regard it in 
this way. Underlying every task is an aim which the task is 
intended to realize. Justifying every labor is a choice for the 
sake of which the labor is done. And when life is taken as a whole 
it is seen to contain these two things in the relation of end and 
instruments, first the things which we choose for themselves, and 
second the things which, though not wished for in themselves, 
are yet chosen for their usefulness. 


There are several objections to this way of viewing life which 
I should like to mention, giving in each case a word of reply to 
the contention which is urged. 

When one suggests that life should be regarded as a game 
rather than as a task it is objected that the figure is lacking in 
seriousness, that it seems to deprive human experience of its 
dignity, to make it rather trivial and childish, unworthy of men 
and women of serious purpose and intention. But is it true that 
games are less serious than labor, play less serious than work? 
For many years now I have observed college boys on the athle- 
tic field, busily engaged in conflicts with their foes and it has 
never seemed to me that they were lacking in seriousness. Do 
we not rather find them swept off their feet by the eagerness and 
determination of their endeavors? Is not the whole college group, 
when the great days of the season arrive, simply carried away by 
the common devotion, the common enthusiasm, the common in- 
terest which dominates them? Surely if I have heard Faculty 
discussions aright it is not lack of earnestness in their play of 
which we complain but rather an over-earnestness, an exagger- 
ated zest, beside which all other interests seem to lose their 
proper values. And on the other hand I have often seen college 
students in the classroom, but have seldom had reason to com- 
plain of exaggerated interest there. Is it not true that the same 
boys who were aglow with enthusiasm on the field sit idle and 
listless when the daily task in logic is assigned? For them the 


16 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

undistributed middle is not a cause for excitement, nor is begging 
the question an unforgivable sin. The very boy who was aflame 
with vexation at the fumble in the diamond is idly unperturbed 
by the fallacy of accident. And the simple reason is that in the 
classroom the boy is at work, the fallacies and the syllogisms have 
for him no immediate value; they are supposedly useful for some- 
thing else but that something is a long distance off and hence the 
work, standing by itself, fails to disturb his lethargy. Yes, but 
every teacher knows too another experience: — that of finding a 
boy who is earnest about the things of the mind, whose eyes 
flash at a fallacy, whose lips tremble at a discovery, whose jaws 
are set in the face of a problem, — and when we see him we know 
that here is a boy for whom thinking is not a task but a joy, not 
labor but a game, not work but play. He is one who just like 
the other players has found something which seems to him worth 
doing in itself, and because of its appeal he is carried away by the 
earnestness of his desire after it. 

And surely it is not strange that play should be more serious 
than work. What would make one serious and determined and 
eager if not the presence of acti\'ities and experiences which are 
in themselves worth while? The only men I have ever known 
who seemed to me to regard life with a seriousness worthy of it 
have been men at play. These men have found in human experi- 
ence things of fundamental value, interests so compelling, causes 
so great, enterprises so dominating that beside them all the 
machinery of life has seemed small and petty. Such men are 
willing to do the things that need to be done, to perform the 
daily task, to follow the routine, but these do not express for them 
the real significance of their experience. Behind all these they 
seem to catch a vision of the things which are really important, 
the things which men choose because they are good, the values 
upon which all other values depend. A man who has gotten 
this vision is forever raised above the ranks of slaves and mere 
instruments, he has freely chosen to follow his own highest and 
deepest desires; he is a spirit at play, and playing with all the 
earnestness that the significance and beauty of his interests ensure. 

I have heard the description of life as a game criticised on the 
ground that, however true, it is dangerous, not a good doctrine 
to preach to the youth of the present day. Our young people. 


we are told, already know how to play and are eager for it; 
what they need to learn are the values of work. Now I do not 
wish to challenge the second part of this statement but the first 
part seems to me clearly and strikingly untrue. The one thing 
which our people, old and young, do not know is how to play. 
Go into our churches and see how many of us understand and 
appreciate the experiences of contemplation and worship; go into 
our libraries and see how many of our people know the joys of 
reading what is worth reading; go to our concert halls and our 
galleries and see how far we have realized the delights of appreci- 
ation. And again if you think we know how to play, listen to our 
conversation and hear how largely it is trivial and stupid; go to 
our popular places of amusement and see how much of it is coarse 
and vulgar. In all our social scheme I know nothing that is 
more depressing than the failure to use our leisure time. It is 
not our working days that lead me to despair, it is rather our 
holidays. If, for example, you go through a mill town on a day 
when the mills are closed, you may witness a sight which, more 
than almost any other, seems to me to typify our social failure. 
I mean the long rows of men lining the street curbs, idly wait- 
ing for something to happen. Here are men who day in and 
day out have been working for the instruments of living, and 
now for a few hours they are free. But apparently within the 
possibilities open to them, there is nothing which attracts them, 
no enterprise that seems worth waging, no game that seems 
worth playing, no suggestion, no invention, no initiation of an 
activity which would satisfy long thwarted desires. If our social 
scheme leads to this, if the result of our working is that we lose 
all power of appreciating and enjoying the fruits of our labor, 
then the scheme seems all awry and the game of life hardly 
worth the candle. To avoid such results as this, to open men's 
eyes to the possibilities of life, to make clear and vivid the worth- 
while experiences that are fine, and true, and permanent, and 
satisfying, this seems to me one of the chief aims of all education. 
There are many other objections advanced against our inter- 
pretation of life. I will mention only one more of them in passing. 
It is the contention that to regard life as play is to make it self- 
centered and even selfish. We are accustomed to identify playing 
with idle pleasure-seeking and, it is urged, life cannot possibly 

18 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

be reduced to terms such as these. But this is not play as we 
have defined it nor as I have seen it in human experience. The 
man at play is one who has found something that seems to him 
good, some cause or interest or activity that commands his adher- 
ence, his enthusiasm, his zeal. If he has really given himself up 
to it nothing could be less selfish than his attitude. It is not 
himself for whom he is playing but his cause, his enterprise. How 
true this is may be seen in the complete identity of interest in 
the members of a team. They are not striving each for himself 
but each for the team and for the game, and one who would think 
of self in such a contest has simply lost the spirit of it all; he does 
not know what it means to play on a team. And so in the game 
of life, when we strive that by means of our labors, good things 
shall be achieved, good ends shall be realized, it is not for ourselves 
that one seeks them. Our demand is simply that in some life, 
in some experience, better living shall be substituted for worse, 
richer experience for poorer, finer feeling for coarser, achievement 
for disappointment, success in living for failure. We and our 
fellow players are together in the common cause, and the ends 
which we seek do not sunder us apart but bind us together in 
common purposes and endeavors u-ithin which the spirit of devo- 
tion, of play, makes selfishness impossible, 


But now what shall we say of the work of life.'' It is always 
hard for the seer of visions to realize that life is more than its 
essence, that always present with the fundamental are the acci- 
dents, the properties, the circumstances in wl,ich that essence is 
embodied. I would have young men see the vision and be drawn 
after it by sheer attraction, but they must learn too that the way 
is hard, that we can attain what we wish only by doing what we 
do not wish, that we can achieve our ends only by using the 
instruments present to our hand. The glory of this human life 
of ours is that we choose; but a choice always implies denial as 
well as acceptance. To take the thing we want is also to renounce 
many other things which we want. One of the hardest things 
to forgive within the college or outside it is that weakness of will 
which makes one unable to cleave to his own purposes and 
do what needs must be done in order that these may be realized. 


The man who wishes to play on the college team but has not 
enough strength of purpose to train or to keep up the required 
standing in his studies is typical of a whole world in which every 
one of us is included. The young enthusiast aglow with eagerness 
for his chosen career but who cannot endure the training and 
informing which would fit him for the career, — ^he is just another 
instance of the type which wishes for the reward but is not willing 
to pay the needed price. Let us rebel as we will against needless 
fruitless labor, but let us realize too that in this human life ends 
are accomplished only by the use of means, that circumstances 
are mastered only by submission to them as to our instruments, 
that we can achievewhat we wish only by thwarting and throttling 
many of our desires and aims; that necessary in the carrying on 
of play is the doing of the work on which that play depends. 

I have spoken of work as that which in itself is undesirable and 
undesired, and I have no wish to withdraw any word that has 
been said. But may I add one other word regarding it? Every- 
one who has worked for a cause knows that for him the work 
does not stand by itself but may be taken into the total experi- 
ence of means and end by which a purpose is realized. And if 
one sees the work in this relationship, then every one knows that 
the value and joy of the end may spread so over the whole that 
even the hardest and most hateful experiences may take on some 
tinge and color of delight. In the playing of a game there may 
be many a hard knock, many a rude shock, many a disappoint- 
ment; and yet, if the game be worth the candle, the joy of the 
whole is big enough to cover these hardships and give them a 
place in the satisfaction of the total experience. This is a gospel 
which has often been preached and which ought not to be forgotten. 
But it should not be confused with the false doctrine that any 
hardship is good, that any disappointment is salutary, that work 
as such is an end in and of itself. Intelligent grasp upon life 
demands of us that hardship be justified by its rewards, labor 
by its fruits, the thwarting of our purposes by a still greater 
realization than would have been possible without the thwarting. 
There is a distinction between the play and the work of life; some 
things are better and others worse, some experiences are worthy 
of choice and others not worthy, and in the interests of life as a 
whole we must not lose sight of the distinction nor of the proper 

20 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Members of the Class of 1913 in Amherst College: 
I welcome you as players of the game, as members of the team; 
and now I ask you, "Are you ready?" Have you seen those fine 
and beautiful things in human experience which can compel 
your allegiance? Are you ready to separate out the true from the 
false, the good from the bad, the generous from the selfish, the 
beautiful from the ugly? Can you read a good book and find 
satisfaction in the experience; can you talk with a friend and 
make the talk worth while; can you be alone and not be lonely 
and vacant of mind; are you sensitive to the wonders and possi- 
bilities of human experience and of the world within which that 
experience falls; can you be fine but stalwart, gentle but relentless, 
enthusiastic but sensible, earnest but reasonable? And again 
are you able to endure? Will you, when once you set your teeth 
into a task, keep them clenched until the task is done or reason 
has seen some better bite to take? Can you be counted on by 
your fellows to do what you have given them reason to expect 
you will do? Can you count on yourself to stand the strain 
when the time of trial comes? 

If you have in any measure achieved these qualities — the 
vision to see and the power to endure, then Amherst sends you 
out with confidence to play the human game. Keep clear your 
vision of the things that are best; keep strong your resolution 
to follow them to the end; and as the days go by come back and 
tell us how the game goes on. 





N Amherst town the blue skies beam 
On many a bright and hopeful dream 
Of j^outh, which knows no doubt, no fear, 
And thinks of friends and friendships near, 

And trusts that men are all they seem. 

So this is youth and youth's bright dream; 
It somehow has a brightened gleam 
From off the shining sunbeams clear. 
In Amherst town. 

And yet a day will come — I deem — 
When brightness all away will stream; 
And all the world so dark and drear. 
And men so strange; that then I'll hear 
They crave again that sunny dream — 
In Amherst town. 

22 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



AS a graduate of the institution of learning that produced 
the Class of 1885, I should begin this little treatise with 
a Latin quotation. I have a somewhat vague recollection 
of a reference to a Sabine farm beloved of Q. Horatius Flaccus, 
familiarly known to us classicists as Horace. 

Unfortunately, I have mislaid my Horace. Now that I think 
of it, I must have mislaid it some twelve or fourteen years ago, 
together with the kindly companion volume in my mother tongue 
to which I owe much of my familiarity with the Roman poet. 
Possibly Howe and Williams got them both — for a consideration. 

So I am forced to turn (as I intended to do in the first place) 
to my good friend and fellow scholar, Abraham Cowley. If you 
do not know him, let me introduce him as a Seventeenth Century 
combination of Nungie and Pa Fletcher, with a noticeable admix- 
ture of Morse, who, in these latter years of otmm cum dignitate, 
has turned Pelhamite and horticulturist. 

For my text, then, allow me to quote at some length from 
Cowley's adorable essay, "Of Agriculture:" 

"Since Nature denies to most men the capacity or appetite, 
and Fortune allows but to a very few the opportunities or possi- 
bility, of applying themselves wholly to philosophy, the best 
mixture of affairs that we can make are the employments of a 
country life. . . . Cicero says, the pleasures of a husbandman, 
Mihi ad sapientis proxime videntur accedere, come very nigh to 
those of a philosopher. There is no other sort of life that affords 
so many branches of praise to a panegyrist: The utility of it 
to a man's self; the usefulness, or, rather, necessity of it to all 
the rest of mankind; the innocence, the pleasure, the antiquity, 
the dignity." 

You will perceive that this chap was a dear, calm-minded» 
wordy old soul, dreaming away among his pastoral ideals. I 
have often smiled at his unpractical philosophy and quaint ped- 


antry, but somehow I come back to him again when I need a 
little quiet companionship in my own less feverish moods. Though 
it was he who wrote "God the first garden made, and the first 
city, Cain," he is never bitter, seldom satirical in his contempt 
for the urban life, but always seeks to draw his friends away from 
the vanities of the town to the peaceful satisfactions of the farm. 

And gradually, through the years, I have gone along with him, 
until now there is a title deed to eighty acres in the county clerk's 
ofiice in Northampton, and over among the Pelham hills lies our 
farm ! 

For I can truly say with Cowley, " I never had any other desire 
so strong, and so like to covetousness, as that one which I have 
had always, that I might be master at last of a small house and 
large garden, with very moderate conveniences joined to them, 
and there dedicate the remainder of my life to the culture of 
them and the study of nature" — and, I may add, to the growing 
of the finest apples in New England. 

Back in Sophomore days. Tip Tyler made us learn to sketch 
a family tree of the animal world, tracing the evolution of life 
from the amoeba to bird, fish, and mammal, with man perching 
like Zaccheeus, in the topmost branches, I could not draw that 
tree now, but I think that somewhere on the line from the monad 
to me there must have been a carrier pigeon and a bee. For the 
homing instinct is strong within me. 

I have not traveled far, but the more I see of the world the 
fairer Amherst looks to me, and I want to live and die somewhere 
within sight of the old square tower on the hill, I felt that way 
on the day I received my sheepskin, and I feel so now. 

When I was a Freshman I think I wrote a poem for the Lit. 
on "The Pelliam Hills." I was the seven hundred and thirteenth 
undergraduate poet to attempt it, and like the artists who have 
tried to paint the glories of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, 
none of us have been able to do the subject justice. There is 
little that is grand or inspiring about the view east from the 
College Church, but what Amherst man can forget it, and who 
else can understand it? 

For three years I lived before a window looking west, and there 
I dreamed my youthful dreams of fame and glory. \Vlien those 
gorgeous sunsets of ours painted the western sky with lavish 

24 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

splendor and cast their purple robes over the western hills, my 
heart leaped out to join them — to hasten to the wonderland of 
heart's desire. But it was the gentle admonishment of the 
motherly east that wrought the more lasting spell upon me, and it 
is to the east I have turned after some few disillusionings. The 
western glory fades, but the Pelham hills stand eternal. 

And somehow to this mood speaks with singular sympathy 
the printed word of old Cowley. The sun is sinking again behind 
the western hiUs and throwing the Pelham ridge into a rare en- 
chantment of lights and shadows. Over there the cattle are 
taking their calm, unhurried way to the home barn, and the 
lights are beginning to twinkle in the farmhouse windows. Let 
us give ourselves over to the Cowley mood for a space; other 
things can wait awhile. 

For Cowley is a mood personified. Living in the troublous times 
of Cromwell and Milton, he wrote, in a calm and gentle spirit, 
of humility, honesty, personal liberty, and the peaceful pursuits 
of a pastoral life. The Cowley mood is worth recalling in these 
present days of storm and stress. 

Cowley's philosophy of self-mastery, contentment, and liberty 
is one that we have all preached spasmodically and with doubtful 
consistency. His philosophy gains force through the fact that 
he actually practiced what he preached. He left the irksome 
company and service of kings and queens, and retired at last 
to a little house and a little garden beside the Thames, where 
he passed the remainder of his life in serene content. He chose, 
as many of us would choose, if we had his courage and greatness 
of soul. His attitude toward hfe is well expressed in one of his 
translations of Martial: 

" Me, who have lived so long among the great. 
You wonder to hear talk of a retreat: 
And a retreat so distant, as may show 
No thoughts of a return when once I go. 
Give me a country, how remote so e'er, 
WTiere happiness a moderate rate does bear. 
Where poverty itself in plenty flows 
And ail the solid use of riches knows." 

Cowley wrote charmingly of liberty, of solitude, of obscurity, 
of greatness, of the dangers of being an honest man, but most 


convincingly he wrote of the folly of avarice and the wisdom of 
modest wants. In that he lies ever beyond me. From his calm 
height of content he shows me a vision to which I know I shall 
never attain, but which will ever be worth striving for. 

" An humble roof, plain bed, and homely board. 
More clear, mitainted pleasures do afford 
Than all the tumult of vain greatness brings 
To kings, or to the favorites of kings." 

Perhaps you or I could utter sentiments like that, lightly; 
one needs to read the whole of Cowley to appreciate how sincerely 
a part of the man they were. 

"A field of corn, a fountain, and a wood 
Are all the wealth of nature understood." 

I have my field of corn, my crystal spring, my little wood, but 
I have yet to learn that content will not come through setting my 
heart on a Colonial mansion aud a brace of automobiles. My 
weight of worldly desires still holds me back from Cowley's height. 

Again, and more at length: "When you have pared away all 
the vanity, what sohd and natural contentment does there remain 
which may not be had with five hundred pounds a year.'' Not 
so many servants and horses, but a few good ones, which will 
do all the business as well; not so many choice dishes at every 
meal, but at several meals all of them, which makes them both 
the more healthy and the more pleasant; not so rich garments 
nor so frequent changes, but as warm and as comely, and so 
frequent change, too, as is every jot as good for the master, though 
not for the tailor or the valet-de-chambre; not such a stately 
palace, nor gilt rooms, nor the costlier sorts of tapestry, but a 
convenient brick house, with decent wainscot and pretty forest- 
work hangings. Lastly (for I omit all other particulars, and will 
end with that which I love most in both conditions), not whole 
woods cut in walks, nor vast parks, nor fountains or cascade 
gardens, but herb and flower and fruit gardens, which are more 
useful, and the water every whit as clear and wholesome as if 
it darted from the breasts of a marble nymph or the urn of a 

Here, to be sure, he makes the way not so diflBcult for us, though 
the philosophy is the same. "A convenient brick house, with 

26 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

decent wainscot and pretty forest- work hangings" — that wouldn't 
be so bad, now, would it? 

Now this philosophy in Cowley's day would not live in town — 
nor will it in our day. It demands the freedom of the country 
and the wholesome occupations of the farm. Hence Cowley's 
encomiums on agriculture and the pastoral life, and hence our 
eighty acres in the Pelham hills. It is on the farm, if anywhere, 
that honest toil and actual production will count. There we may 
brush away the complications of modern society and settle down 
to fundamentals, with a due sense of pride in the wisdom of our 

"Such was the life the prudent Sabine chose. 
From such the old Etrurian virtue rose." 

"We may talk what we please of lihes and lions rampant, and 
spread eagles in fields d'or or d'argent; but if heraldry were 
guided by reason, a plough in a field arable would be the most 
noble and ancient arms." 

And the farm need not be a place of intellectual stagnation — 
especially if located within sight of a college town. On the 
contrary, Cowley pleads for the clear thinking that can come only 
in the quiet of open spaces. Many a philosopher has followed the 
plough. "Poetry," says he, "was born among the shepherds." 

You will doubtless agree passively with all these sentiments. 
For my part, I find them worth acting upon. For though, like 
Cowley at one time in his life, "I am gone out from Sodom, but 
I am not arrived at my little Zoar," still I have mapped my course 
and have planted my trees. ^ 

And it all fits in so perfectly with the other thing that I care for 
— the sense of comradeship with Amherst College. For from 
the top of our hill, where we dream that our "convenient brick 
house" may one day stand, we can gaze across old Amherst town 
to the far hills beyond, with the college halls and towers and 
leafy shades in full view in the middle distance. 

Can you beat it? Could old Cowley himself beat it on the 
banks of the Thames? Am I not in a fair way toward combining 
a Cowley -like "philosophy" and "study of nature" with not 
only the "employments of a country life," but also a promixity 

'And I have sampled his apples — they were good, worthy of an Amherst graduate. — Ed. 


to the sources of my youthful inspiration and the college that I 

Perhaps you don't feel the way I do about it. Perhaps you can't 
appreciate the joy that comes from the planting of a tree or the 
gathering of fruit that your own acres have produced. And 
perhaps you don't hanker for a daily sight of old chapel row and 
the town common. Perhaps you have no wild bee or carrier 
pigeon in your family tree. 

For my part, I am not ashamed to be sentimental about it 
to feel a choke in my throat when I look at the empty rows of 
seats in chapel where my classmates once sat, and to seek every 
opportunity to feel that way. 

To own eighty acres in the Pelham hills, to possess a little 
house where home is and where old friends are welcome, to eat 
of the fatness of the land, and to live within feeling distance of 
the glad days that were — this, it seems to me, is a not unworthy 
substitute for a "stately palace" with "gilt rooms." 




I SOMETIMES think the tributes left unsung 
Are fitter far than all the metred throbs 
That pulse from heart-depths where each fetter robs 
Them of the unshaped beauty whence they sprung. 
Speaks joy in runes? Has every grief a tongue 
To reel in gloomy vowels all the sobs 
That burst like billows on the soul? Is the mob's 
Wild passion measured by a rod? Or wrung 
Pain spelt in syllables? The lens lets thro' 
The light with selfish blur and each word cries 
For tribute of our thought ere it will do 
Or undo. So the soul's best feeling lies 
Unspoke, and love disdaining Nature's few 
Mean vehicles lives most in reveries. 

If I could blend God's harmonies in one 
Sweet strain and catching every vagrant note 
That strays thro' infinite space as gossamers float 
In air, and then with deftest touch could run 
The deep full chord its vocal length, when done 
'Twould jargon be, lacking thy voice; if too, 
I ravished every flower of its hue 
And stole the brilliance of each star and sun, 
Or sent swift argosies to boundless space 
To gather from its mystic ports such grace 
As decks ideal being, and then with heart 
And eager hand could build a perfect art 
Reflecting flawless worth, it still would be 
A mean and faulty thing — since God made thee. 




ABOUT four and a half years ago I was walking down Fifth 
Avenue on my way home from business. I turned into 
one of the side streets and, in doing so, passed a shop 
window with a large sign in it. The lettering caught my eye. 
It read, "Exhibition of Whistler Etchings Inside." Now, Whist- 
ler was to me a very vague personage. To be sure, I had some 
time before seen an exhibition of his paintings at the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art and had been much interested in them, as well as 
in the fabulous prices at which some of them were recently bought. 
What an etching actually was, however, I was sure I did not 
positively know, and that Whistler etched as well as painted any 
considerable work was news to me. So, out of curiosity, I entered 
the shop. The walls were lined with prints of various kinds. I 
looked at them all and, still out of half -interested curiosity, I 
asked the price of one impression that seemed to me to be particu- 
larly fine. "Twenty -five dollars," the attendant replied. That 
was staggering news. The man evidently saw my look of amaze- 
ment, for he went on to explain that the large number of impres- 
sions in circulation accounted for the low price. But that was no 
explanation to me. It seemed incredible that a W^histler of any 
sort should sell at that price. And if the acknowledged modern 
master of them all could do work that twenty-five dollars would 
buy, why couldn't the work of good but less skilled artists be 
secured for even less? The thought bothered me long after I 
left the shop, and it continued to bother me until I determined to 
have the matter settled in my own mind once for all, and investigate. 
I presume this experience is a typical one and I imagine that 
what started others, like myself, towards an interest in etchings 
was the fact that here was an art, practised by the very masters 
whose names are familiar to all, in actual reach of persons without 
a swollen bank account! Surely, possession is an inherent instinct 
and the pleasures derived from it can extend to objects of art as 

30 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

well as to more material things. And surely one's enjoyment of 
fine prints as well as other art objects is greatly increased by own- 
ing these prints and having them where you can see and study and 
speculate concerning their making, from day to day. To judge 
by my own case, the chief reason why more young men are not 
interested in paintings, rare books and the like is merely because 
the objects themselves seem so far away and so in: possible to get 
into intimate touch with. For instance, one gets a thrill at seeing 
some wonderful work of art in a gallery. But one can't be forever 
haunting the gallery, and the impression one first received fades 
in time. Moreover, the feeling of awe, the inspiration, while an 
intense enjoyment in one way, in another is a keen disappoint- 
ment. For one would like to have that enjoyment more often — • 
and one realizes that only the very wealthy can do that. So there 
comes a tinge of aloofness and a feeling that such works of art are 
more especially for those that can afford to own them. Perhaps 
this is a crude notion and one unworthy of the man interested in 
art for art's sake. Perhaps it is — but all people do not have it 
in them to be interested immediately in art for art's sake. They 
need other incentives to keep alive their half-awakened interests, 
and it is the art that can provide the best and easiest methods 
by which it may be studied that will gather to itself the most 

In this respect etchings afford a rare opportunity to the person 
who desires to collect and study something artistic that is really 
worth while. They are small in price but large in value in that 
they are often work of a master's needle. Does not a Whistler 
etching or a Turner mezzotint or a Hillet wood engraving express 
as much of the artist's skill as if the same work were done in colors 
on a canvas? There is, of course, the objection that it is the 
color and size of the canvas that will always hold its superiority 
over its black and white "sister." But this is a narrow view of 
the power a truly great etching can exert over the imagination; 
for a fine print, in what it suggests, can be as pleasing to the mind 
and senses as though it were executed with paint and brush. There 
is also the objection that the mere multiplicity of impressions, as 
it cheapens the price, so it cheapens the quality of the product. 
In like manner one should say the ideas expressed by the author 
of the Merchant of Venice must be worthless stuff, because so 


many copies of the book containing these ideas are in circulation! 
In the case of great etchers it is rarity and public fancy that deter- 
mine price far more than excellence of execution per se — and that 
is why an etching of which only one impression is in existence is so 
much more expensive than an etching of which several hundred 
impressions are in existence. But, other things being equal, the 
art is as great in the latter as in the former, and sometimes greater. 
Frederick Wedmore in his book, "Fine Prints," has happily 
expressed the pleasure in general that the collection of etchings 
affords. The paragraph reads: 

"Again, the print-collector, if he will but occupy himself with 
intelligent industry, may, even today, have a collection of fine 
things without paying overmuch, or even very much, for them. 
All will depend on the school or master that he particularly affects. 
Has he at his disposal only a few bank-notes, or only a few sover- 
eigns even, every year? — he may yet surround himself with excel- 
lent possessions, of which he will not speedily exhaust the charm. 
Has he the fortune of an Astor or a Vanderbilt.^ — he may instruct 
the greatest dealers in the trade to struggle in the auction room, 
on his behalf, with the representatives of the Berlin Museum. 
And it may be his triumph, then, to have paid the princely ransom 
of the very 'rarest' state of the rarest Rembrandt. And, all the 
time, whether he be rich man or poor — but especially, I think, 
if he be poor — he will have been educating himself to the finer 
perception of a masculine yet lovely art, and, over and above 
indulging the 'fad' of a collector, he will find that his possessions 
rouse within him an especial interest in some period of Art History, 
teach him a real and delicate discrimination of an artist's qualities, 
and so, indeed, enlarge his vista that his enjoyment of life itself, 
and his appreciation of it is quickened and sustained. For great 
Art of any kind, whether it be the painter's, the engraver's, the 
sculptor's or the writer's, is not — it cannot be too often insisted — 
a mere craft or sleight-of-hand, to be practised from the wrist 
downwards. It is the expression of the man himself. It is, there- 
fore, with great and new personalities that the study of an art, 
the contemplation of it — not the mere bungling amateur perform- 
ance of it — brings you into contact. And there is no way of study- 
ing an art that is so complete and satisfactory as the collecting of 
examples of it." 


32 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

To follow the prices of the same etchings as different impressions 
come out for sale from time to time is a fascinating occupation, 
and one that increases in interest in proportion to the knowledge 
of the collector. It is also a pleasing sensation to have one's own 
selections vindicated by public taste. It is, of course, a mistake 
for an amateur to buy with the sole idea of speculating on the 
public's future desires. It is a mistake because it warps the 
collector's own ideas of what is artistic and because nobody can 
determine in what work public fancy will interest itself. To be 
sure, there are certain masters such as Rembrandt, Claude, Whist- 
ler, Hadan and a few others whose work is immune from wide 
fluctuation in prices. Outside of these few, however, no one can 
guess with perfect certainty where, when or how long the lightning 
will strike. It is a common occurrence to see the public turn a 
deaf ear to the entreaties of dealers in their attempts at populariz- 
ing the work of some artist. On the other hand the public will 
frequently, without warning, take up some comparatively unknown 
etcher and boost his work to the skies. Such was the case this 
winter with the Swedish etcher, Zorn. He is an artist still living, 
the author of some inferior work and liable to do more that may 
result in damaging the value of his entire output. And yet prices 
of his work soared to fabulous sums. Six, eight, even twelve 
hundred dollars was being obtained for some of his better etchings 
and yet there are literally hundreds of good impressions by Whist- 
ler and Haden (to whom Zorn cannot be compared in the same 
breath) that can be bought for one-tenth these figures. Public 
taste is verily an enigma. But if one goes out with an open mind, 
purchases a worthy print at what he considers a low price, and a 
few years later finds that public demand has boosted the print's 
price outrageously, he is apt to look upon the vagaries of public 
fancy with indulgence! I am not so sure, however, that the 
experience is so very frequent with even the keenest collectors. 

After all, for the amateur the old prints are the best. New and 
original work catches the fancy but only rarely can it hold it. 
There are exceptions — but not many. "Good wine needs no 
bush," and fine prints by real masters no commendation. How 
affectionately they may be regarded is well set forth in a poem by 
the late Frederick Keppel who prefaces his poem with the remark: 


"James L. Claghorn (the great financier and art collector), 
seated in his print room, speaks: 

"I sit among my folios all 

My friends in black-and-white! 
And silent speakers, wise as fair, 
Surround me as I write. 

No need to sail three thousand miles 

To Dresden, Florence, Rome, 
Art's greatest master-works to know — 

I have them here at home ! 

Come, Father Diirer, rigid, quaint, 

Solve me thy mystery! 
What broods that winged woman strange ? 

That weird Knight, where rides he? 

Come, Rembrandt! ha, what forms are these — 

Clumsy, uncouth and poor! 
This Virgin like a peasant "Frau," 

Saint Joseph like a Boor! 

Nay, pardon me, thou artist grand, 

'Tis but with friends I jest. 
Of all the cherished favorites here, 

Rembrandt, I love thee best ! 

We shall not part ! my gentle friends. 

Time but endears us more. 
Still will ye cheer, instruct, refine, 

Till here my days are o'er. 

Then when ye pass to stranger hands 

Good fortune still befall; 
'Loved, honored, cherished may ye be. 

For ye are worth it all!" 

34 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

©n College ]^ill 


IT HAS been the opening year of a new Amherst administration; 
a year tense with interest and inquiry. Curious eyes all 
over our wide-spread constituency have concentrated atten- 
tion on the activities of College Hill, as if watching the beginning 
of a new game to note the pith and promise of the first inning. 
The interest has been compounded of several elements. There 
is first the natural curiosity, not to say solicitude, attaching to a 
new regime; especially as the direction of this is entrusted to 
one not of our graduate body, and bringing with him a different 
college tradition from ours. With the advent of a new president 
things must needs shape themselves a changed order and emphasis, 
which must by time and thoughtful adjustment ripen into the 
steady matter-of-course that the old one was. Then there is the 
wholesome impulse partly roused and partly found by the much 
discussed '85 memorial; which has by no means spent itself, 
though its effects may be working out in ways not specifically 
contemplated in the original plea. The alumni have doubtless 
been watching for the sequel of that. As for the larger wave 
of educational revival and criticism, like a call for the taking of 
stock and the revision and enliancement of values, in speaking 
of this we speak not for Amherst alone but for all the colleges 
and for the spirit of the time; we have been in the current of it, 
and have felt its inspiration. And this is one of the things which 
many of our kindly alumni, especially of those who, gone onward 
in the paths of liberal learning in other institutions, have watched 
eagerly to see incorporated into their ideals of Amlierst. 

The Inauguration and its Sequel. — Our impressive inaugural 
occasion, with its interchange of ideas on the part of the foremost 
educators, and especially with its strong and courageous inaugural 
address, was the summons not so much to a new order as to a new 
concentration and resolve. It took naturalization papers, as we 
may say, for the thing which Professor Woodbridge had already 

THE COLLEGE YEAR OF 1912-1913 35 

SO ably inculcated, "the enterprise of learning." And through 
the year this eminently rational enterprise has to an encouraging 
degree determined the keynote and tonal quality of the college 
life. It has proved its intrinsic power to be a leading motive 
without making prigs of students or martinets of teachers; 
which is to say, it has been a healthy response to a sound and 
normal stimulus. The year has accordingly been one of unusual 
alacrity and heartiness for scholarly and cultural interests. Dis- 
cussion and ventilation of weighty questions have been rife in 
the fraternities and at boarding tables. Clubs, seminars and 
reading circles have flourished. The vigor with which the under- 
graduates have responded to the new impulsion has of course 
gratified the observant alumni whose hopes were set that way; 
while also it has had an emollient or at least pacifying effect on 
two classes of graduates who were suspicious of anything revolu- 
tionary. There were the young alumni of the "whoop 'er up" 
sort, who feared for the benumbing effect of cerebration on the 
open-air and noisy activities; and there were the alumni of medi- 
ocre ideals to whom high standards of mental strenuousness were 
hazardous. "Oh, they hadn't ought to bear down too hard on 
the boys," one of these remarked to me; "you can't expect them 
all to be scholars." This was in reference to the stiffened stand- 
ards and requirements which dismayed him. He has a son in 
college, by the way, who has a generation the start of the father, 
I think both father and son have found the college a very endurable 
place after all; nor has anyone observed a lack of zest and high 
spirits even under the supposed danger of brain fag. The era of 
the pale and long-haired student is only a tradition. 

The Extra Lecture Courses. — The several endowed courses 
of lectures, while not adding greatly to the regular pursuits of 
the class-room, have been of great service in bringing the students 
in contact with men of national and international reputation and 
broadening their regards from the parochial and provincial to 
the scholarly interests of the larger world. It has been interest- 
ing to note how these several courses of lectures, each in its way, 
furnished valuable literary, personal, and speculative stimulus. 

The Clyde Fitch ecturer for 1912-13 was Felix E. Schelling, 
professor in the University of Pennsylvania, author of many 
works on English drama, expecially a history of "Elizabethan 

36 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Drama," the present standard authoritative work, which gave 
its author a foremost place among the scholars in this subject. 
In his work at Amherst he gave three public lectures. The first 
was on "Recent Discoveries Concerning Shakespeare"; in which 
he recounted and explained the important facts that have been 
brought to light in the last ten years. The second was on "The 
Elizabethan Theatre"; in which he discussed, and illustrated by 
stereopticon views, our knowledge and the current theories of 
the Elizabethan stage. As he is one of the foremost authorities 
on the subject, his statement of his own views and theoretical 
plans carried special weight and interest. In the third lecture, 
entitled "Shakespeare and Demi-Science," he gave an acute and 
witty criticism of the modern tendency to test the semblances of 
art by the actualities of present science. He took occasion also 
to answer the questions : \Mierein does the quest of art diflPer from 
that of science.'' and, What is the essential function of the teacher 
of literature? — Not only as a public lecturer but as a teacher with 
classes, as did Professor Gilbert Murray with the Greek classes 
last year. Professor Schelling took over for three weeks the work 
of the class in English drama. He devoted his attention to Shakes- 
peare, especially to the main features and principles of the study 
of Shakespeare; not only by class-room lectures and recitations 
but by many private conferences with students. He was very 
successful and stimulating; his charming personality assisting 
greatly to make his work with the students effective. 

Succeeding to this contact with the genial personality of a man 
of letters and learning was a contact still more intimate and home- 
like, when the college was privileged to hear the Henry Ward 
Beecher course of lectures by District Attorney Whitman, of the 
Class of 1890. They were more like familiar talks than lectures, 
and the sessions were prolonged by the answers to numerous 
questions mostly from the eagerly listening students. It was 
like a report direct from the "firing line" where great principles 
are at stake and great responsibilities nobly met. Above the 
practical interest of the lectures themselves, which was broad and 
large, was the sense of the personality behind them, so sterling 
and true, yet so thoroughly of the best spirit of Amherst. Two 
of the lectures, the second and fourth, given in College Hall, 
were devoted to the general subject of "The Enforcement of Law," 

THE COLLEGE YEAR OF 1912-1913 37 

and were attended by a deeply appreciative public as well as 
college audience. The other two, intended more specifically for 
the college and given as afternoon talks in Johnson Chapel, were 
more conversational and familiar; the first a talk on the work 
of the District Attorney's ofiice, and the third an intensely inter- 
esting account of Mr. Whitman's part in the famous Rosenthal 
case. Both lectures were followed by the answer to so many 
questions which had been handed up on slips of paper, that the 
time did not sufiice for all of them. Amherst has seldom seen 
so hearty and enthusiastic a response to the words, and more espe- 
cially the deeply felt character and integrity of a distinguished 

Soon after Mr. Whitman's visits came the newly instituted 
course, the William Brewster Clark memorial lectures, on the 
general subject of "The Modern Point of View." They were 
given by Professor James T. Shotwell, professor of history in 
Columbia University. The object observed, with great wealth 
of learning and language, from this year's modern point of view 
was the alleged modern revolution in religion. It is a subject 
much "in the air"; and the large attendance and keen interest, 
on the part of the undergraduates, attested how living a subject 
it is at Amherst. In the April number of the Quarterly we 
mentioned the lectures when only two of them had been given, 
but suspended judgment on them as a whole, as the lecturer 
warned his audiences to do, until the last and key-lecture had 
been delivered. Well — perhaps we had better leave it suspended. 
I think the general sense was that the key did not unlock quite 
so substantial a treasure-house as we had been led to expect. 
"No man also having drunk old wine straightway desire th new: 
for he saith, 'The old is better.'" Perhaps the reason lay in the 
futility of trying to reduce rehgion to terms of archaeological and 
anthropological science; perhaps the sciences themselves are not 
quite matured enough to speak with authority. But the lectures 
did us great service; as much perhaps by the reaction they 
caused as by the swallow-it-whole agreement. It is well to know 
"where we — or they — are at." It was not a personality that 
was felt in these last lectures ; it was an embodied up-to-date spec- 
ulation; and as such it was rewarding. We are learning to 
speculate too. 


The Athletic Situation. — ^Two Commencements ago one of 
our honored alumni, whose songs have done much to cheer 
as well as "cheer /or Old Amherst," warned us to "look out for 
Aggie." We did, Aggie proved worth looking out for. At the 
close of the hockey season, whose last game was with Aggie, 
the newspaper heading was, "Amherst all in gloom." I met one 
of the students the day after. "Well," I remarked, "the Aggies 
licked you, did they?" "Yes," he replied; "two to one. But 
it was a good game. They have a better team than we; we 
admit it. But we did our best. And it was a good game." I 
thought of the newspaper heading. That was the kind of " gloom" 
in which Amherst was plunged. Instead of trying to account for 
the beat by some finicky fluke or other, they took their medicine 
cheerfully and went on doing their best. I don't remember 
even to have heard the plea that the professors were "bearing 
down too hard" on the students; some of them were doing their 
best in study lines too. They seemed also to enjoy the game 
as well as the score. And as they went on through the season 
the gloom — such as it was — lifted. The alumni know of the 
good recover that they made, and of the pride with which at the 
end of the year they could look back on a season of sound achieve- 
ment in sports and athletics, made in a spirit worthy of men 
in liberal pursuits, to whom the things of the mind share in just 
proportion with the things of the body. 

On the whole as, mindful of the noble and uninterrupted old 
Amherst tradition, we have been getting acquainted with the 
new administration and trend of things, we can report a remark- 
ably inspiring, broadening, healthy-minded college year. And 
the new year bids fair to be like it. 

From the Football Field — The main athletic interest of the 
opening new year centers of course in football; and we have 
secured from Coach Henry H. Hobbs the following account of 
the season's prospects, so far as they could be estimated after 
about a fortnight's practice. 

"The Amherst football squad reported for the initial practice 
Monday, September 15. 

"About twenty-four men composed the squad, among them 
being eleven veterans, including two men, Kimball, tackle, and 
Curry, guard, who were not eligible last fall but played on the 

THE COLLEGE YEAR OF 1912-1913 39 

1911 team. The first ten days were devoted entirely to the so- 
called ' fundamentals ' of the game, passing and falling on the 
ball, quick starting, tackling the dummy, all methods of kicking, 
and catching of punts for back-field candidates. 

"Only straight basic plays have been given to the players to 
master, after which will come the more complicated plays. For 
the most part the men are of fairly good weight and fast in action 
for this time of the year. 

"The freshman squad, who are at work daily on Blake field, 
under Cooper, last year's substitute quarter-back, will be used 
very soon against the college team to give the necessary scrimmage 
practice. The freshmen have an entirely different set of signals 
and set of plays and as they come in contact only during scrim- 
mage with the college team, it is evident that there can be no 
playing signals, while on the contrary, each team must use intel- 
ligence in diagnosing instantly the opponents' play. 

"Mr. Nelligan has agreed to care for the physical condition 
of the squad. The first game made evident how beneficial his 
services have been in that not once during the entire game did 
Amherst call for time. 

"This year's schedule is unusually good in that every game, 
except possibly Dartmouth, affords a fair sporting proposition to 
the competing elevens. 

"Without serious accidents, and with each man doing his 
share of hard work, it seems reasonable to expect a successful 

The schedule of games for the season, is as follows: 

Amherst Score 

VS. Amherst 

Sept. 27 — ^Rhode Island State College at Amherst . 10 

October 4 — Colgate at Hamilton 

October 11— Y. M. C. A. College at Amherst 6 

October 18 — ^Trinity at Hartford 

October 25 — Wesleyan at Middletown 

November 1 — Dartmouth at Amherst 

November 8 — W. P. I. at Amherst 

November 15 — Williams at Williamstown 



40 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 


WHAT an Amherst Commencement is like, the alumni 
have no need to be reminded. It all comes up with 
the mention of the name. They all began to feel, by 
anticipation, its twinge of sadness when they had their last Senior 
Chapel together; they all experienced its joy not unmixed with 
solemnity when they went up on the stage to receive their diplo- 
mas, and when they partook together of their first alumni dinner 
realizing their accession to the honorable estate of alumni-hood. 
Most of them have felt the renewed pleasure of reunion, so unlike 
anything else, as they have come back to the old college to find 
their classmates there again, changed all the way from jolly rotund- 
ity to gray-headedness, yet the same young-hearted boys they 
were. I do not need, therefore, to describe it. Description is only 
of things you do not see; and the Commencements of which you 
and your class were a part, living so kindly in your memory, do 
not belong to that category. 

I can think of no name so fitting to characterize the ninety- 
second commencement as a whole, as the word domestic. There 
are shades of difference in commencement reunions, just as there 
are in college classes; no two are alike; and perhaps we may say, 
taking account of their unit of interest, that all are the best. The 
best in this case was the pervading air of home-like sociability, the 
alumni with their wives and families making and renewing acquaint- 
ance, and in attending the various exercises and entertainments of 
the week living over again the old experiences. There was nothing 
boisterous, and nothing tame. Of course there were the usual 
fantastics and brass bands and processionings and cheering of 
Saturday evening; it would be a calamity to dispense with these; 
and surely nothing could exceed the picturesqueness of those 
bloody pirate costumes, which, however, could not make their 
wearers fierce. They captured President Meiklejohn at the 
muzzle of a (wooden) revolver, but whether he had to walk the 
plank or become a bloody pirate, we could not quite make out. I 
think he did not lay it up against them; it but served to make 
him more truly one of our great graduate family. 


The baccalaureate address on Sunday morning, which took no 
scripture text and professed to be a lay sermon, was given by 
President Meiklejohn, the accompanying services being conducted 
by a clerical member of the Faculty. The address is published on 
previous pages of the Quarterly, under the title "The Goal and 
the Game," and readers can judge for themselves of its eminently 
inspiring and robust message to young men. 

The sacred concert of Sunday afternoon, under the direction of 
Professor Bigelow, instead of being as heretofore a single cantata or 
oratorio, had a varied program rendered by male voices, assisted 
by the college orchestra and members of the Boston Festival 
orchestra. Among the pieces given were : the choral from Mendels- 
sohn's Hymn of Praise, "Let all men praise the Lord"; Schubert's 
"Great is Jehovah the Lord"; a rhapsody by Brahms; the Credo 
and Sanctus from Gounod's St. Cecilia mass, with Mr. Reed 
Miller as soloist; and the Memory Song to Amherst. 

A leading feature of the evening of the lawn fete was the planting 
of the Beecher elms, this year being the centenary of Henry Ward 
Beecher's birth. A row of elms was planted along the brow of the 
hill at the south of the campus, between the Gymnasium and the 
Biological Laboratory and overlooking the new Hitchcock Field. 
The speech of presentation was made by Rev. Howard Bliss, of 
the class of '80, president of the Syrian Protestant College in 
Beirut, Syria; and responded to by President Meiklejohn. Of the 
Lawn Fete itself we need not speak, save to say that every year 
it seems better and more conducive to the delight of an Amherst 
commencement . 

The commencement speaking, in general, reflected well the whole- 
some and hearty spirit which through the past year has animated 
the activities of the college. The speakers with their subjects were 
as follows: 

Lewis Dayton Stilwell of Syracuse, N. Y. A Plea for the 
Old Religion. 

Raymond Witherspoon Cross of Rochester, N Y. ^ Result 
of College Experience. 

Frederick Russell Pope, of Brooklyn, N. Y. The Idea of Service. 

Allison Wilson Marsh of Quincy, Mass. The Personal Relation. 

Frederick John Heinritz of Holyoke, Mass. The Basis of 
Social Reform. 

42 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

The Bond prize for the best Commencement address was awarded 
to Mr. Pope. 

In the ceremony of investiture and conferring of honorary 
degrees a variation from the custom hitherto observed was made, 
in that the formula of request was pronounced by Dr. Talcott 
Williams, '73, president of the Pulitzer School of Journalism, and 
one of the trustees of Amherst College, while the President of the 
College made the award. The honorary degrees conferred this 
year were as follows : 

William Cox Redfield secretary of commerce, public man of 
public spirit, using party as a means not an end, manufacturer 
associated in fiduciary relations with wide-spread interests, giving 
of himself to social service, national legislator wisely chosen to 
direct the department of commerce. Amherst seeing in him the 
man of public usefulness and personal devotion to public service, 
adds him to the list of those she delights to honor, and on behalf 
of the Trustees and Faculty of this college I ask you to confer on 
him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Charles Seymour Whitman, district attorney of the county 
of New York. Elected to this post because he has been, as magis- 
trate and judge, intrepid, impartial, just, and merciful; as public 
prosecutor he has, by giving edge and efiiciency to the sword of 
justice, redeemed the honor of a great city, enforced law and 
broken the conspiracies of evil-doers making sordid merchandise 
of public power and responsibility. * His skill as a lawyer and his 
vigor and vigilance as district attorney have shown the land that 
ancient remedies, in the hands of men honest and strong, can meet 
all new evils. Amherst fondly remembers her son, faithful and 
fearless, at a post of public need and personal peril, and on behalf 
of her Board of Trustees and her Faculty I have the privilege to 
ask you to confer on him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Marion Leroy Burton, president of Smith College. Teacher 
and preacher, by birth and education from Iowa and Minnesota, 
states of New England origin. A man of vision, perseverance 
and courage. A theologian seeing his science as a divine plan 
displayed in human development, an educator who has devoted all 
his energies in the institution of which he is the head to improve 
the position of the teacher and to raise the standards of the pupil. 
At the threshold of an enlarging career begun by securing a great 


addition to the resources of the institution of which he is the head : 
I ask on behalf of the Board of Trustees and Faculty of Amherst 
college that you confer on him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Harlan Fisk Stone, dean of the school of law in Columbia 
University, lawyer, jurist, educator, head and administrator of 
a great school of law, teaching men not alone the practice but the 
principles of an ancient calling charged with the administration 
of justice among men. In the midst of the storm of new doctrine 
and strange remedies, true to the ancient foundations of juris- 
prudence, Amherst recognizes in him devotion to the precedents of 
the past, to the service of the present, and to the imminent need 
and call of the future. On behalf of the Trustees and Faculty of 
Amherst college I ask you to confer on him, her son, the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. 

Alfred Grosvenor Rolfe, educator and head of the Hill 
School of Pottstown, Pa., a preparatory institution set on the hill 
of opportunity. Wisely using the opportunities, he adds to admin- 
istrative capacity, academic training, scholarship and the teacher's 
powers. This college educated him, and today honors him for 
the use he has made of her training. On behalf of the Trustees and 
Faculty I ask you to confer on this son of Amherst the degree of 
Doctor of Letters. 

Harlan Page Beach, professor of theory and practice of mis- 
sions in Yale University. Earlier, for seven years in China, a 
missionary in practice as well as theory, head of the school for 
Christian workers in this country, secretary of the student volun- 
teer movement for foreign missions. Teacher of those who are to 
teach the world, inspirer of Christian youth in the world-labor and 
world-view of this world-century, he has brought to his task the 
scientific direction afforded by systematic geographical knowledge. 
A pioneer in this field, he is today its foremost authority. On 
behalf of the Trustees and Faculty of this college, founded and 
existing to render all lands radiant with divine truth, I ask you to 
confer on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

Jay Thomas Stocking, priest of God, preacher, pastor, faithful 
shepherd of Christ's flock committed to his care, not forgetting the 
service of little children, in manifold acts for the church which has 
honored him : Amherst sees in him a son, one of many in all the 
years of all her history set apart to divine service by the divine 

44 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

will, and I ask you on behalf of the Trustees and Faculty to confer 
on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity, 

William Keeney Bixby of St. Louis, by early training versed 
in railroad management, by energy, capacity and directing ability 
now sitting at the council board as director of banks, trust com- 
panies, railroads and manufacturing corporations. Giving his 
leisure, his resources and his executive powers to the study of 
history, to the organization of historical study and to the private 
publication, in a form which adds to the triumphs of the printer, 
of unpublished historical documents precious to the historical 
student and unavailable without this aid. Honored in his home, 
vice-president of Washington University : on behalf of the Trustees 
and Faculty of this college which today adds his son to the list 
of her alumni, I ask you to make the father also a son of Amherst 
by conferring on him the degree of Master of Arts. 

As the closing feature of the Commencement service, after the 
honorary degrees were conferred, two portraits were presented ta 
the college, one of President Emeritus George Harris; the other 
of the late Professor Edward Pay son Crowell. The speeches of 
presentation, as belonging by their subjects to "The Amherst 
Illustrious," are given on other pages of the Quarterly. 

At the Alumni dinner the guest of honor and principal speaker 
was Hon. William C. Redfield, Secretary of Commerce in President 
Wilson's cabinet. Secretary Redfield, who has a son now in college, 
is a brother of Mrs. Neill, widow of the late Professor H. H. Neill 
of Amherst. His speech was a practical business man's plea for 
the saving of waste in the mental operations of school and college; 
illustrating the waste that he had in mind by the hard technical 
language in which much pedagogical instruction is conveyed, and 
by the dry and dead analysis which so often misses the elements of 
vital worth in literature and thought. It was the "efficiency 
system" put into the terms and operations of the higher 

Brief speeches were made also by District Attorney Whitman, 
who along with Secretary Redfield and others had just been the 
recipient of an honorary degree; and by Mr, Atwood representing 
the class of 1903, the ten-year class. 

The Alumni Trustee elected this year is Rev, George A, Hall,^ 
'82, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 


The award of the cup for the highest percentage of attendance 
at reunion, as announced by Howard D. Gibbs, '02, was made to 
the class of 1893, which reported a percentage of 75.53, seventy- 
one of the ninety -four members being present. 

A noteworthy gift to the college, announced by the President, 
was the sum of five hundred dollars, given by the Phi Delta Theta 
fraternity, who have just completed their new fraternity house. 
Two collections have in the past year been presented to the college: 
one the library of the late Charles Sprague Smith, '74, consisting 
mainly of works on comparative religion; and the other the library 
with its fittings and furniture of the late Clyde Fitch, '86, which 
collection includes some rare and valuable works of art. The latter 
gift is made with the understanding that these furnishings be 
suitably housed in some place on the college campus where the 
atmosphere of the playwright's library can have its associations 
preserved for the benefit of the college students. 

It looks as if Amherst were on the eve of notable developments 
toward giving the town and college distinction in works of artistic 
and monumental significance. An anonymous donation has been 
promised of a reproduction of the Beecher statue in Brooklyn. 
Richard Billings, '97, presents a bronze statue of Noah Webster, 
the first president of the Board of Trustees of Amherst, as an 
allegorical figure representing the spirit of Amherst College. In 
addition to these works of monumental art, it is proposed, and 
warmly advocated by some of our alumni, to erect on the college 
campus an equestrian statue of Lord Jefferey Amherst, a "soldier 
of the king" whose personal relation to the town is a nominis 
umbra, and to the college the embodied sentiment of Jimmy 
Hamilton's stirring song. But perhaps John Harvard and Elihu 
Yale are scarcely more in their spheres; all are "names that time 
can never dim." 


®te 3ml)et£(t 3Uu£(ttiou£i 



[The portrait by Hubbell of President Emeritus George Harris, a donation to 
the college from a number of the alumni, was presented by his classmate, Herbert 
L. Bridgman, M.A., who spoke as follows:] 

THE pleasing and honorable duty which the unmerited kind- 
ness of my fellow alumni assigns me this morning demands 
but few words. Should those words appear to lack some- 
thing in judicial temper or critical analysis, attribute the fact, I pray 
you, to the friendship, born in freshman intimacy and enthusiasm 
which, for more than half a century, has been in perennial flower. 
"Call no man happy until he is dead," runs the ancient adage. 
We ask you to admit to the Amherst Pantheon a Uving guest, to 
include a mortal among your immortals, Beecher and Storrs, 
Tyler and Seelye, Bullock, Huntington and the Hitchcocks. Yes, 
and noble old "Lord Jefferey Amherst, soldier of the king," wor- 
thies of whom the world was not worthy, and we do it confident 
of the merit of our candidate and the propriety of our request. 

Embarrassment, however, awaits me should I attempt to set 
forth in words our case. Echoes of his voice, shadows of his 
presence, still haunt this hall. But "the boy is father to the man," 
runs another and wiser adage. Let me outline the freshman who 
fifty-one years ago came from "'way down East" to Amherst, and 
the senior who four years later, on this stage, delivered a gradua- 
tion oration whose characteristic title, "Silence," I accept as a 
warning. Thirty years later Wilham Sharp, that dual seer and 
mystic, speaking as Fiona Macleod, declared that the three most 
potent forces in life are love, silence and "wind, confirming the 
vision and valuations of the Amherst student. George Harris 
came among us youngsters of '66, knowing none of his future 
and lifelong classmates and friends, unlieralded, with no prestige 
to buy or maintain, and, as happens more surely and speedily in 
college than anywhere else in the world, he fell speedily and surely 




President Emeritus, Amherst College 



into his rightful place. Not the most brilliant, certainly not the 
hardest-working scholar of the class, he took high rank easily, — for 
those were the good old days of the marking system, — and held 
it until the end. Mathematics, the classics, the sciences, what we 
had of them, were all well done, but it was not so much the thing 
done as the method and the man which the doing disclosed. 

Harris had a mind of his own, and very early in the course 
teachers and classmates recognized the candor and the clarity of 
his intellect. None of our or any other class surpassed him in 
these powers of mental digestion and assimilation, and, when his 
result was reached, it was his own and he was worthy of it. Bind- 
ing all together, inspiring all of us, was a rare endowment of mother 
wit and common sense, which lightened many a weary recitation 
hour and lightened irksome tasks. Sterling intellectual integ- 
rity, springing from the moral depths, was the foundation, the 
background upon which this simple, sturdy and lovable character 
unfolded before us, day by day, for four years. Surefooted and 
four-square, in all aspects of his nature and being, — is it any 
wonder that every man of '66 was proud of George Harris then, 
and is proud of him today? 

Four years at Amherst set the pace and the standards for the 
future. It is not necessary for me to review the thirty succeeding 
and successful years, as pastor, preacher and teacher, training 
those who followed him in time-honored Andover to serve God 
and their fellow-men. And as to his administration of Amherst, 
we are too near the fact justly to value and finally to estimate it. 
But "if you would see his monument, look about you." More 
and better buildings, estate expanded, improved and beautified, 
purse strings loosened, endowment multiplied fourfold, trustees, 
faculty and students harmonized, public confidence restored, and 
faith in the future born again. I cannot forbear, in passing, to 
note, despite its hackneyed misapplication, that nothing in his 
administration became him like his leaving it. When it became 
obvious that the appeal of '85 and of many others was to prevail, 
and that the college was to "shift its emphasis," then the clear 
vision of President Harris, with eye undimmed and natural force 
unabated, solved two situations in one, and with that true and far- 
sighted loyalty to Amherst, he initiated the changes which today 
we gladly welcome, thanking God that once more Amherst steers 


48 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

her course by the eternal stars, not by the harbor-lights of experi- 
ment and expediency, nor drifts helplessly, paralyzed, to dry rot 
and disintegration. 

"Morituri te salutamus," we of '66, all soon to join the great 
majority, unite with all our fellow alumni in asking you to accept 
and cherish this portrait of President Emeritus George Harris, 
whom we love and honor for what he is to us and for what he has 
done for Amherst. 



From Painting by Edwin B. Child, '90 




[The portrait by Child of Professor E. P. Crowell, painted in the last year of 
his life, and recently secured by the alumni for the college, was presented by 
one of his colleagues on the faculty, who spoke, or rather wrote out his speech 
for publication, as follows:] 

SUCH we may call him; as such, without reservation, we honor 
him: the man whose features you now see unveiled before 
you, Edward Payson Crowell, who, for fifty years as pro- 
fessor of Latin in Amherst College, fought the good fight of sound 
learning and wisdom and godly character, waging it for half that 
long period in darkness, — for those blank glasses cover sightless 
eyes. They are no blemish to the portrait; to us who remember 
the later years of his heroism they reveal more than they hide. 
Not all of us can realize this with equal vividness; for the older 
alumni here present sat in the class-room of a young and clear- 
seeing man. As I endeavor, therefore, to speak of him I am aware 
of two tides of memory and sentiment that here meet and blend. 

There is first the Professor Crowell of the older alumni, who 
remember him as he was in the full possession of his senses. Born 
in Essex in 1830, the son of Rev. Robert and Hannah Choate 
Crowell, a cousin of the celebrated lawyer, Rufus Choate, he was 
a true heir of the most sterling and sturdy New England Puritan- 
ism. This strain of character showed itself in him not in the aus- 
terity which we so Hghtly and foolishly blame, but in the steady 
loyalty to the highest ideals of his caUing. His allegiance to the 
demands of sound learning was a conscience. Many here present, 
doubtless, can recall how strict and sharp were his methods in the 
class-room; he was a rigid disciplinarian. They will remember 
also, if their recollection goes beneath the surface, that his severity 
flamed out only against two things: inaccuracy and injustice. 
These were the fuel, so to say, which never failed to kindle the 
stern judgment of his New England conscience. It was so not 
merely in the class-room, or as a matter of pedagogic method with 
students, for his was no divided character. In his literary and 

50 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

editorial work too, which in his prime was very productive, it 
was the severe demands of accuracy and thoroughness that called 
out his faithful powers of research. Nor was it otherwise in the 
affairs of the town and community, in which as long as his health 
permitted he was an active and outspoken influence for things 
just and right and sternly against whatever was crooked or unjust 
to any. Do not let me, however, leave with you a one-sided im- 
pression of his character. The genial and kindly side of his nature, 
the native sweetness which made all his severity reasonable and 
beautiful, lay far more deeply at the roots of his being. He was 
a sympathizer and friend, a faithful counselor among students, 
a helpful neighbor among neighbors. We recall those Sunday 
evenings of sacred song, in which family and students and members 
of the Faculty joined, and in which the mellow tones of his flute 
were always heard; we remember his unfailing delight in a good 
story, and in anything that savored of refined humor or scholarly 
wit. As for many years Dean of the College, he was not unmind- 
ful of the amenities as well as the necessary rigidness of his respon- 
sible ofiice. There is a characteristic story of a certain student, 
who one Sunday morning, whether dehberately or otherwise, 
lengthened his early morning walk until it was too late to get back 
to College church. It was in the days when church attendance 
or absence had to be strictly answered for. The next day, on 
being called upon to report, he explained that having found himself 
belated he came in from the PeUiam hills and attended service 
at the East Street church. "Ah," said the Dean, "and who 
preached?" The student did not know who it was; it was a 
stranger; and on being further interrogated gave a sadly confused 
and incoherent account both of preacher and sermon. "Well," 
replied Professor Crowell, "I am interested to know I look so differ- 
ent in the pulpit from how I look in the class-room." The student 
was fairly caught; but it would seem he lived to tell the tale, and 
perhaps to enjoy it — later. And he did not love his professor less 
for it. 

Then there is another not less noble and, to us who knew and 
worked with him, infinitely uplifting and pathetic side of the pic- 
ture: the Professor Crowell who for half his fifty years of service 
studied and taught in darkness. The younger alumni are bringing 
this to mind as I speak. The eyes that had done him so long and 


efficient service were removed; he must by stern effort develop 
entirely new habits of work and intercourse; but he would remit 
no part of his college duties. He had been one of the stated 
preachers in College church; he continued for years to preach 
as his turn came. He had been a frequent conductor of chapel 
service; and many of us will recall how he would stand at the desk 
and repeat a chapter of scripture and give out the number and 
line of the hymn as if his eyes still saw. He held his classes in 
the lower front room of the library building; and one of his admiring 
friends, an esteemed neighbor in our town, has told me how he 
used to go in and see how the blind professor conducted his classes. 
They were seated around a table with him at the head; and on the 
table, in front of each student, would perhaps be a pile of photo- 
graphic views illustrative of the subject in hand. "Mr. So-and 
So," he would say, "in the pile of photographs before you, the 
third from the top, you will find such-and-such a view, and near 
the center you will observe such an architectural detail; please 
note it and pass it round." Then when its bearing on the lesson 
was determined, "Mr. So-and-So, in your pile of photographs, 
the second from the bottom, you will find such a landscape view, 
and near the left of the picture you will observe such a tower or 
temple; please note it and pass it round." So he would go patiently 
through the class, omitting no detail of the subject and giving each 
student his share of the work. The same old accuracy, the same 
old justice to every feature of the work and every ability of the 
man. Naturally, however, with the oncoming of age and with his 
sad affliction, his manner was much mellowed and subdued, 
though the strong swift power was only sleeping; it was like a 
sweet and gentle benison moving among us, the gentleness of a 
strong, self-mastered personality. As we met him in the street 
or at his home, he was just as ready as of old for the kindly quip 
and jest, just as full of interest in affairs and the ways and by- 
ways of genial culture — an undiminished youthfulness of spirit, 
an immense courage of life. 

Such was the man whose memory we honor today; and we have 
before us the portrait, the generous gift of graduates who loved 
him, to remember him by. I cannot fairly leave my subject with- 
out a word about the portrait itself. It was painted by one who 
sat in his classes, and who, as a student and during the years since. 

52 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

has felt toward him the strong drawing of reverence and love, 
Mr. Edwin B. Child of the class of 1890. It was this reverent 
affection which led him to request the Professor, in the last year 
of his life, to sit for the picture, although he had not been com- 
missioned to do so. Let me read to you what, at my request, 
he wrote me about his work. "My portrait of Professor Crowell," 
he writes, "was not painted in any accidental or haphazard man- 
ner. I did not paint him with his black glasses on simply because 
they happened to be before me. I suppose there was no man on 
the College faculty whose life and character impressed me more, 
while in College and since, than his. To put it briefly, the way 
in which he took what would seem to be one of the greatest pos- 
sible misfortunes, refusing to accept it so, but turning it into a 
triumph, doing his work blind better than most men could have 
done it with all their faculties, and showing to the end that he 
had the serene and true vision of an idealist — seeing better than 
many who had eyes the things of most worth to the college — 
this is to me one of the most beautiful chapters in the history 
of our Alma Mater, and this is what I have tried to record". 



London in English Literature. By Percy H. Bonyton. The University of 
Chicago Press. 1913. 

Not to re-present London as it has been described by great English writers — 
though this is what the title might seem to imply — but to present London as it 
environed and influenced these wiiters, is the purpose of Mr. Boynton's book. 
In his own words, it is "to give an idea of London atmosphere in the various liter- 
ary periods, to expound the chief places of interest for successive generations, and 
to make a reasonably generous selection from old and new engravings and photo- 
graphs. " That precisely this task had, as Mr. Boynton claims, never been at- 
tempted before, was doubtless sufficient justification for the attempt; but to give, in 
the space of some three hundred pages, even an "idea" of the atmosphere of Chau- 
cer's, Shakespeare's, Milton's, Dryden's, Addison's, Lamb's and Byron's, Dickens's 
London, of Victorian and contemporary London, might seem an impossibility. 
It is a cause of much surprise to the reader and ground for warm congratulation 
to the writer that he is after all decidedly successful in his attempt. Fragmentary, 
limited, the book was of course bound to be; but so skilful has the material been 
selected, so deftly illustrated from the works of the authors, so thoroughly human- 
ized — if one may be permitted the word — by Mr. Boynton's own comments, that the 
reader obtains, if not the very form and pressure, at least the taste and flavor of 
the times. Chaucer's London and contemporary London — the former perhaps 
because of the scantiness of material, the latter because of its superabundance, 
come off least well; but there is no chapter that fails to illuminate richly the litera- 
ture of its day. Best of all, perhaps, is the suggestive power of the book. The 
reader who is caught by the fascination of these little chapters will easily be tempted 
to extend his view by turning to some of the larger and more detailed works on 
London; and for such a reader the author has appended to the various chapters 
valuable lists not only of the best standard topographical and social histories, 
but of contemporary literature and illustrative fiction as well. The selection of 
illustrative prints and engravings is on the whole excellent; only the ancient maps 
suffer from the much reduced scale imposed by the size of the volume. 

As "first aid" to the college student of English literature Mr. Boynton's book is 
sure to find wide welcome and use; but it is more than that — a genial and well- 
instructed companion whose delightful conversation no lover of English letters 
can well afford to lose. 

[The reader is also referred to a critique quoted from the New York Evening 
Post under The Classes, p. 70. — Ed.] 


Rome. By Walter Taylor Field; two volumes in one; Vol. I, The Rome of the 
Ancients, pp. 278; Vol. II, The Rome of the Popes and the Rome of the Artists, 
pp.294. Boston:L. C.Page and Co. 1913. 

54 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

In these volumes, first published in 1904, and now reprinted for the fourth time, 
Mr. Field has aimed at making a book about Rome which should be "not as barren 
as a guide book nor as discursive as an estay but helpful in showing what is worthy 
of appreciation in the monuments, the churches, and the galleries of the most in- 
teresting city in the world." Like a guide, he takes his reader on various journeys 
with him through the city, and, like a wise lover of Rome, he points out her many 
wondrous features, helps her tell her story and weave her spell. He has been suc- 
cessful in making a book which will serve well the sight-seer, charm the stay-at- 
home and revive in the mind of the returned traveler memories of pleasant and 
strenuous days of exploration in the "Eternal City." 

Mr. Field evidently knows Rome and her history thoroughly. Moreover, 
he writes well, with keen insight and no little wit and humor. Notable features 
of the book are the imaginative reconstructions of scenes and events suggested by 
places and monuments. His thorough study of the authorities has not led him 
to overburden his pages with lesser facts. His information and interpretations 
seem generally sound. Only occasionally does one find a statement that seems 
questionable. For example, the Farnese Palace is called, on one and the same 
page, a specimen both of mediaeval and of Italian Renaissance architecture. The 
statue in the hall of the Spada Palace is wrongly called Pompey, a fact which rather 
invalidates some remarks about "the stone which witnessed Caesar's death." 
A precise archaeologist might quarrel with some of his statements, might claim, for 
instance, that what he calls the temple of the Tweh^e Gods is really a •portico, that 
the Ludovisi Juno is more Roman than Mr. Field seems to think it is, and that 
more might be said about the Laocoon, etc. Those who know the diflBculties of 
selection will not censure his failure to mention some chosen work of art but will 
regret that he has passed over some things in silence, such as e.g., the Throne of 
Aphrodite in the Museo delle Terme. Criticisms like these are, however, of a minor 
sort and limited in number. 

The book is then to be commended as eminently readable and reliable. It is 
well printed and furnished with plans and more than eighty good photographs. 
Finally, however, one word of blame must be here set down. The work has been 
reprinted, without revision, after the lapse of nearly a decade, during which ex- 
cavation, building and rearrangement have gone on unceasingly in Rome. The 
book is surely so good a piece of work that both author and publisher should feel a 
pride in keeping it thoroughly up-to-date. 

H. DE F. Smith. 


Our Presidents and Their Office: Including Parallel Lives of the Presidents 
of the People of the United States and of Several Contemporaries, and a History of 
the Presidency. By William Estabrook Chancellor. With an Introduction by 
Champ Clark. New York: The Neale PubUshing Company. 1912. 

This very interesting book is diflBcult to characterize in conventional terms, it 
moves so athwart the beaten paths of biography and history. It contains abundant 
materials for both, all put in short, condensed side-headed paragraphs, whose prin- 
ciple of arrangement (if there is one) is not very lucid; and imtil we read quite a 
distance it seems as if these materials were jumbled together, things important 


and things trivial cheek by jowl; but as one goes on one comes to realize that this 
rises mostly from the constant endeavor to compare one character or situation 
with another; and in the end it is hard to think how, with such a complex object 
in view, the author coidd have produced a more consecutive sum-total of effect. 
The first two parts of the book, on "History of the Presidency" and on "Presiden- 
tial Powers," are more of this mixed and miscellaneous character; with Part 
Three, "Lives of the Presidents," the book assumes decidedly more evenness and 
homogeneity of tissue. The presidential figm-es appear successively, each for the 
time in an almost startling lime-light, surrounded by the men, measm-es, and events 
which make the administration distinctive, and then step down, to be succeeded 
by another moving-picture series, in which, however, each man may come up again 
and again for endless comparison and contrast with others. At the beginning of 
each chapter the statistical details of the administration are tabulated, thus: 

"Theodore Roosevelt 


"45-46 States Population. 85,000,000 

"Admitted: Oklahoma." 

Many things in the body of the history, also, are presented statistically, as if the 
book were a literary World Almanac; but these are merely material for the ceaseless 
fire of comment, comparison, and summary which give vigor and spice to the ac- 
count. The book, we may say, consists of fact and comment : the facts one literary 
step beyond tabulation, the comment crisp, absolute, seldom touched with humor 
or satire, not infrequently oracular and caustic. One is oddly reminded, as one 
reads his swift disposal of things, of a certain French lecturer's receipt for hunting 
lions in the desert. "The desert consists of sands and lions. You sift the sanda; 
the hons remain. These you put into a bag, which you have brought along for the 
purpose." To press the analogy would be grossly unjust to Mr. Chancellor's 
book; but he sifts the historic sands so deftly, and bags the lions, big and Uttle, so 
easily and absolutely, that the analogy makes itself felt. Through it all, too, we 
are getting frequent glimpses of the writer himself: his personal attitude, his animus, 
his point of view. We know, for instance, that he is opposed to the tariff; that 
Grover Cleveland is on the whole his presidential hero; that Washington is 
judged an unfortunate site for a capital; that great wealth, wherever it appears, 
is to be tested for corruption; and more of like purport. 

The mo\'ing-picture quality of his delineations can only be realized by reading 
the book itself; quotations can do but Uttle toward it. As an example let us take 
this portrayal of Andrew Jackson (p. 321 ) : " For the sake of Adams himself, we may 
regret that Jackson defeated him for a merited second term. We may even regret 
that a man of many sterling and startling qualities, with as many terrifying defects 
as Jackson ever came to the Presidency at all. He had broken at least five of the 
Ten Commandments : he had daily taken the name of God in vain, he had killed, he 
had committed adultery, he had stolen, he had coveted. But it is wiser for us to see 
and to reaUze that we were fortunate in winning democracy without a bloody social 
revolution. Jackson was a safety-valve, opened wide, and screeching, thereby releas- 

56 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

ing the genie of destruction into the atmosphere." As a specimen of his comparison 
of men with one another we quote the following (p. 577): "Let us set Theodore 
Roosevelt with Jackson. Let us think of him side by side with Benjamin Franklin. 
Even so, we see that he was unique. Perhaps Hayes was his almost exact antithesis. 
Perhaps, intellectually, but not otherwise, he most resembled J. Q. Adams. For 
all his faults, however, Theodore Roosevelt was distinctly superior to the weakest 
and worst of our Presidents — to speak comparatively, for not one was intention- 
ally unpatriotic or false to his trust — to Tyler, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, and 
Grant. For all his virtues, he was measurably inferior to the strongest and best 
of the Presidents. His ultimate rank is of course beyond present estimation; but 
with his views on war and peace, on sobriety of utterance and dignity in action before 
a calmer world of posterity, Theodore Roosevelt is not likely to be listed with Jeffer- 
son, Madison, Lincoln or even ^dth J. Q. Adams, Van Buren, or Cleveland." There 
is more to the comparison, but we have not room for it. 

The motto on the title-page, taken from Grover Cleveland, is "Tell the truth." 
Remembering the first occasion of that remark, we are prepared to have the outs 
as well as the ins, the seamy side as well as the comely, deployed before us; and it 
cometh to pass. There is a pretty decided tendency, if there is anything unsavory, 
to strike for it, and not only to call a spade a spade but to hunt up all the spades in 
the shed; though in the end the writer balances things bad and good quite fairly, 
and contrives to leave each President with the best he can say of him. But if we 
had the presidential company before us we should be inclined to give them Burns's 

"If there's a hole in a' your coats, 

I rede you tent it : 
A chield's amang you taking notes. 

And, faith, he'll prent it." 

On the whole, if he will "nothing extenuate," it is hard to judge that he "sets 
down aught in malice" either; though there are touches here and there of a kind of 
arbitrary hardness, as if the writer had a bone to pick with things in general. 

The style is full of vigor, directness, thrust, — not of charm nor of lightness and 
affability of touch. Sometimes a too rapid and unre vised writing has left quite 
needless ambiguity. Such a sentence as: "Jackson, Polk, and Lincoln made no 
such changes; but they worked fairly well with others, including Roosevelt and 
Taft" (p. 191); or, "Van Buren was bom on December 5, 1782; Burr in 1756, being 
then twenty-six years old" (p. 347), is not dealing quite fairly by his ihetoric teach- 
ing; and I think Professor Cowles woidd wince at such a Latin locution as "anni 
mirabili." Such things, however, are rare. 

On the whole, the book is an efficient piece of work. It could not be expected 
that we should agree with all his estimates and criticisms; and there are hosts of 
things that we should want also to weigh in other scales; but that he has pronounced 
on such an amazing number and variety of men, measures, and situations, has 
thrown his shuttle back and forth through such an intricate web of judgments in a 
way calculated to rouse so little dissent, is a notable achievement in itself. 

John F. Genung. 



©fficial antr ^ersJonal 


At the Commencement meeting of 
the Trustees twelve members of the 
Board were present. 

Much routine business was transacted. 

The degrees recommended by the 
Faculty were voted to the graduating 
class, and several appointments were 
made to the Faculty. Dr. John B. 
Zinn was appointed instructor in 
chemistry; Mr. Thomas W. Bussom 
instructor in Romance languages; Dr. 
Edwin L. Truxell assistant in geol- 
ogy; and Mr. Harold H. Plough, '13. 
assistant in Biology. Professors Bigelow 
and Olds were appointed members of 
the Library Committee for three years. 

The special committee on the Alumni 
Council reported that the matter was 
now under discussion by the society of 
the Alunmi, and that on the completion 
of their work further report would be 
made to the trustees. 

The thanks of the Board were voted 
for numerous gifts, among them being 
the presentation of a protrait of Presi- 
-dent Harris by Mr. Herbert L. Bridg- 

man of the class of 1866 and other 
donors, and that of the late Professor 
Crowell by Mr. Frank E. Whitman of 
the class of 1885 and his associates; the 
Phi Delta Theta Society for a special 
gift to the College; the Japan Society 
for a prize for an essay on Japanese 
affairs; and Messrs. C. M. Pratt, 
Daniel Kent, Frank L. Babbott, Win- 
ston H. Hagen, Arthur H. Dakin and 
Mrs. Frances W. Kimball for various 

An important announcement was of 
the gift by Mrs. William G. Fitch, 
mother of the late Clyde Fitch of the 
class of 1886, of Mr. Fitch's valuable 
library, together with the fittings and 
ornaments of his work-room, to be 
received by the College whenever a 
suitable place can be provided for their 
housing. The Committee on Build- 
ings and Grounds was directed to con- 
sider the suitable installation of this 
interesting gift. 

WiLLisTON Walker, 





The world-champion Austrahan crick- 
et team at Providence, R. I., July 29, 
played an all Rhode Island team of 
twenty-two men, twice their number, 
and won by 190 to 66 in the first of a 
series of two games. The Rhode Island- 
ers were captained by President Alexan- 
der Meiklejohn of Amherst College. 
It was the first time they had played 

Ex-President Merrill E. Gates was 
married on June 14 to Miss Elizabeth 
Farmer Head, daughter of Franklin H. 
Head, Esq., of Chicago. 

At the Union College Commence- 
ment, June 11, Prof. J. F. Genimg, who 
was present by invitation, listened to the 
following from President Richmond: 
"John Frankhn Genung; a graduate 
in the class of 1870, of Rochester 
Theological Seminary, and of Leipzig 
University; professor of hterary and 
biblical interpretation in Amherst Col- 
lege; author of many illuminating 
books; inspiring teacher; man of broad 
culture, and a master in many fields, 
honoris causa, I admit you to the 
degree of Doctor of Humane Letters." 

Prof. James W. Crook has been ap- 

pointed by Governor Foss a member of 
the new board of labor and industry, 
which is to take over the duty of the 
enforcement of all the labor laws of 
Massachusetts. The appointment is 
for four years. 

On October 6 a daughter, Sarah 
Eliza Sigourney, was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas C. Estey. This is the 
first daughter born in the Esty family 
since 1798. 

On July 9 a daughter, Mary Bingham, 
was born to Mr. and Mrs. Harry W. 

Prof. Arthur L. Kimball was married 
on Commencement Day, June 25, to 
Miss Julia Sayre Scribner at Amherst. 

Prof. Henry Carrington Lancaster 
was married on Jime 11 to Miss Helen 
Converse Clark, daughter of Prof. John 
Bates Clark, '72, at the Manhattan 
Congregational Church, New York 

Mr. Clarence E. Sherman was mar- 
ried Oct. 8 to Miss Inez B. Copeland, 
of Brockton, Mass. 

On May 6 a daughter, Katharine 
Wolcott, was born to Professor and Mrs. 
Charles H. Toll. 




The Commencement Meeting.— The 
society of the alumni met in Johnson 
chapel at 11.30 a. m., Jmie 24. The 
meeting was cal'ed to order by Vice- 
President H. P. Field, '80. The follow- 
ing officers were elected for the ensuing 

President, WilUam Orr, Jr., '83. 

Vice-President, E. A. Grosvenor, '67, 
Collm Armstrong, '77, H. P. Field, '80, 
J. P. CusHng, '82, G. B. Mallon, '87, 
Isaac Patch, '97. 

Secretary and Treasurer, T. C. Esty, 

Executive Committee, H. P. Field, '80, 
J. O. Thompson, '84, A. C. James,'89, 
H. S. Pratt, '95, H. W. Kidder, '97, 
J. S. Hitchcock, '89, H. A. King, '73. 
H. N. Gardiner, '78, F. M. Smith, '84. 

Ins'pector of Election, A. S. Hardy, '79, 
H. H. Bosworth, '89, N. P. Avery, '91. 

Member of the Athletic Board for three 
years, G. D. Storrs, '89. 

Member of the Board of Public Exhi- 
bitions, for three years, A. H. Dakin, '84 . 

President Orr then assumed the chair. 
Mr. C. E. Kelsey, '84, reported for the 
lawn fete committee and the report, 
being duly audited, was accepted. Upon 
motion of Mr. Kelsey it was voted to 
reappoint the same committee on the 
lawn fete and to add Mr. H. B. Cran- 
shaw, '11. The committee thus con- 
stituted is: Talcott Williams, '73, C. E. 
Kelsey, '84, G. B. Mallon, '87, Gros- 
venor Backus, '94, O. B. Merrill, '91, 
T. C. Hill, '09, H. C. Keith, '08, H. B. 
Cranshaw, '11. 

The following resolution was pre- 
sented by G. E. Oldham, '88: 

"Resolved, That the society of the 
alumni approve in principal the forma- 
tion of an alumni council. 

" Resolved further. That the president 
of the society appoint a committee of 
fifteen alumni (of which committee the 
president of the society shall be a mem- 
ber) to consult with the Trustees of the 
College and prepare a plan for an 
almnni coimcil, which when approved 
by the Trustees the committee is 
authorized to declare effective and put 
into operation when the committee 
deems best. 

At the request of H. T. Noyes, '94, 
Mr. F. S. AlHs, '93, presented the 
following resolution and it was adopted 
by vote of the society: 

The alumni of Amherst College 
deeply appreciate the services that have 
been rendered to the College, first in 
connection with the recent addition to 
the endowment of the College, which 
made possible an increase in the salaries 
of the professors of about $500 per 
annum; and second, in connection with 
the selection and installation of a new 
president of the College. The alumni 
of the College at this their first meeting 
under the new administration desire 
formally to express their thanks and 
gratitude to all whose contributions 
made possible the increase in the sala- 
ries of the Faculty and also to Mr. 
George A. Plimpton and the members 
of the Board of Trustees, who have 
carried through these two achievements, 
and have given to Amherst so generously 
of their time and abihty. 

Mr. C. E. Kelsey expressed his dis- 
satisfaction with the present method of 
electing Alumni Trustees. 

The meeting then adjourned to Wed- 
nesday, Jime 25, at 12.30 p. m. in Pratt 
Gymnasium, where, upon assembUng 
they dined as guests of the corporation. 



President Orr presided and grace was 
said by Rev. James G. Merrill, '63. 

President Orr announced his appoint- 
ment of the committee on the nomina- 
tion of Alumni Trustees as follows : 
E. W. Chapb, '63, O. C. Semple, '83, 
J. E. Oldham, '88, C. D. Norton, '93, 
E. H. van Etten, '05. 

A. L. Hardy, '79, reporting for the 
inspectors of election, announced the 
election of Rev. G. A. Hall, '82, as 
Alumni Trustee. 

President Orr then announced that 
the Bond prize was awarded to F. R. 
Pope of the graduating clasa. 

The toastmaster. Prof. J. M. Tyler, 
'73, was then introduced. 

Mr. G. A. Plimpton, president of the 
Board of Trustees, read the following 
resolution presented by the class of 

The class of 1893 at its twentieth 
reunion, with seventy-one men present 
pledges anew its loyalty to its Alma 
Mater; it aflBrms its confidence in its 
new President, and in his educational 
policy; its confidence in her Faculty 
and her Board of Trustees; its confi- 
dence in the College and her powers for 
usefulness; its confidence in the Am- 
herst type exercising as she has for 
nearly a century that spiritual concep- 
tion of life and the world and that 
ideal service which has been given her 
sons by her great teachers; and it 
aflarms its confidence in the loyal devo- 
tion of her four thousand alumni and 
in their desire to serve her. 

The class of 1893 believe that a closer 
union of these alumni and their College 

is possible and desirable and that some 
form of graduate organization with a 
resident graduate secretary should be 
established at Amherst as was proposed 
to the Board of Trustees last Com- 
mencement by other alumni, and has 
been since approved in principle by the 
Board and by the Society of the Alumni. 

To this end in grateful appreciation 
of all that Alma Mater has been to it, 
the class of 1893 offers to the Board of 
Trustees the sum of $5,000 to be used 
by it towards the establishment of such 
form of graduate organization as shall 
seem advisable to the board and to 
the committee of fifteen of the society 
of the alumni, with the hope that the 
coming college year may see the begin- 
ning of such organized cooperation. 

Signed: George D. Pratt, PresitiCTiL 
F. S. Allib, Secretary. 

The speakers at the alumni dinner 
were President Meiklejohn, Secretary 
Redfield, District Attorney Whitman, 
'90, A. W. Atwood, '03, and H. B. Gibbs,, 
'02; the last-named of whom presented 
the re-union trophy cup to the class of 
1893, that class having won the cup 
with a percentage of 75.53. 

T. C. ESTY, 


The Brooklyn Association. — The 
present oflScers of the association are: 

President, James S. Lawson, '95. 
Vice-President, Edward A. Baily, '06. 
Treasurer, Lester J. MoUer, '12. 
Secretary, Harold J. Baily, '08. 





Hiram C. Haydn, D.D., LL.D., 

founder of the College for Women of 
Western Reserve University and presi- 
dent of the University from 1888 to 
1890, died at his residence on Euclid 
Avenue, Cleveland, O., July 31. Dr. 
Haydn was eighty-one years old. He 
had been in poor health for several 
months and his death was the result 
of a complication of diseases. He was 
as prominent as a clergyman and 
author, as he was as an educator, and 
was for twenty-five years pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church. He was 
born at Pompey, N. Y., December 
11, 1831. 


Rev. Edward C. Ewing, Secretary, 
223 Walnut Ave., Roxbury, Mass. 
Hon. Luther Rominor Smith died 
recently in Washington, D. C. He 
was born in Colrain, Mass., and fitted 
for college at the Shelbume Falls 
Academy. After graduation from Am- 
herst he studied law and was admitted 
to the bar in 1862 in Detroit, where he 
practised law for a short period. The 
same year he enlisted as a volunteer 
and became first lieutenant and then 
captain of the Ninth Michigan Battery 
during the Civil War. He was promi- 
nent in the reconstruction work in the 
South, a member of the state constitu- 
tional convention of Alabama, and had 
been for a long time judge of the seventh 
judicial court of that state. 


Rev. Calvin Stebbins, Secretary, 
Framingham, Mass. 

The American Historical Retiew for 
July contained a review of Mason W. 
Tyler's "Recollections of the Civil 
War," edited by William S. Tyler, '95. 
Among other things the reviewer writes 
as follows: "Perhaps the most inter- 
esting chapter is the one devoted to a 
carefully written and detailed account 
of the battle for the saUent at Spottsyl- 
vania. The Twenty-seventh Massa- 
chusetts held the apex of the angle for 
twenty-two unbroken hours of desper- 
ate fighting and the leader of Colonel 
Tyler's very graphic description will 
not be inclined to challenge his high 
estimate of the service rendered by the 
regiment in that terrible struggle." 


Herbert L. Bridgman, Secretary, 
604 Carlton Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Herbert L. Bridgman on September 
25 gave an illustrated lecture before 
the Union League Club of New York 
on "Victorious Bulgaria." The lec- 
ture was based upon his interviews and 
experiences during a visit to Belgrade 
and Sofia last April. 


The Columbia University Quarterly for 
September contains an article by Prof. 
John W. Burgess on "Reminiscences of 
Columbia University in the last Quar- 
ter of the last Century." 





William Reynolds BRO^^^s^, Secretary, 
79 Park Ave., New York, N. Y. 
Charles H. Allen, recently treasurer 
and second vice-president of the Ameri- 
can Sugar Refining Company, was in 
July elected president of that company. 
After representing the Lowell district 
in Congress for several terms, Mr. Allen 
served as assistant secretary of the Navy 
and as the first governor of Porto Rico. 
In 1904 he became vice-president of the 
Morton Trust Company and when that 
company was merged in the Guaranty 
Trust Company of New York con- 
tinued as Aace-president until his elec- 
tion as treasurer of the company which 
he now heads. He is a director of the 
Guaranty Trust Company, the National 
Bank of Commerce, the American 
Surety Company, the Cape Cod Canal 
Company, the Electric Properties Com- 
pany, and also of the Appleton National 
Bank of Lowell. 


Rev. Albert H. Thompson, Secretary, 
Raymond, N. H. 

The Atlantic Monthly for September 
contained an article on "The Minimum 
Wage" by Professor John B. Clark. 
An editorial in the New York Times, 
discussing the article, says: "Prof. John 
Bates Clark, senior professor of eco- 
nomics at Columbia, turns the white 
light of his clear and candid thought 
on the minimum wage in the current 
issue of The Atlantic. No one is better 
qualified than he to discuss the difficult 
and complex question and the situation 
from which it has arisen. His calm 
good sense, his fair-mindedness, and 
his sympathetic temperament, no less 
than his patience and penetration as an 
investigator, fit him for the task." 


John M. Tyler, Secretary, 
Amherst, Mass. 

The Independent for August 7 con- 
tains an article by Professor Talcott 
Williams on "Teaching Journalism in 
a Great City." 


Rev. a. DeW. Mason, Secretary, 

222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The address of Warren B. Keith has 
been changed from Bridgeport, Conn., 
to 11 W^ashington Street, Central Falls, 
R. I. 

Rev. Charles S. Nash, D.D., is a 
member of the "Committee of Nine- 
teen" which has had charge of the 
very responsible duty of advising the 
National Council of Congregational 
Churches as to the relation of the benev- 
olent societies to the denomination and 
kindred questions relating to polity 
and administration. This committee 
is composed of some of the most promi- 
nent representative ministers and lay- 
men of the Congregational Church, and 
its recommendations, which are to be 
made to the National Council convened 
in Kansas City in October, are awaited 
with much interest by Congregational- 
ists in all parts of the country. 

Professor Erastus G. Smith is this 
fall serving as an exchange professor 
in chemistry at Harvard. 


Prop. H. N. Gardiner, Secretary, 
23 Crafts Ave., Northampton, Mass. 

The class held its thirty-fifth anni- 
versary lunch at Carter's in Amherst on 
the Tuesday of Commencement Week. 
There were thirty-five present, two 
non-graduates and thirty-three grad- 
uates, exactly half the number of the 
graduates hving. Two members of the 


class, Brownson and Hill, were reported 
as having died since the previous 
Reunion. The Comnaittee on the 
Class Fund reported that the fund 
would amount to $3,000, and might 
be added to, and that it would be given 
to the College as a scholarship fund, 
preference in its use to be given to 
needy and worthy descendants of mem- 
bers of the class. The present officers 
were reelected. Prof, and Mrs. Cowles 
gave a lawn supper to the members in 
town and their families on Monday 
evening and put their house at the dis- 
posal of the class as headquarters during 
the whole Reunion period. Their cordial 
hospitality was greatly appreciated. 

Frank L. Babbott's daughter, Mary 
Richardson, was married on June 5 to 
William Sargent Ladd, a son of Wilham 
L. Ladd, also of '78. 

Henry P. Barbour is chairman of the 
Building Committee engaged in raising 
$85,000 for a new Congregational 
Church in Long Beach, Cal. On May 
26 he presided at the meeting of leading 
organizations in that city convened to 
deal with the situation created by a 
terrible accident in which thirty-six 
persons were killed and upwards of 
two hundred injured. 

H. N. Gardiner has been elected by 
the Massachusetts Congregational Con- 
ference a member of the Committee on 
Church Polity. 

Charles H. Moore has resigned his 
position as national organizer of the 
Negro Business Men's League and has 
returned to his old home in Greensboro, 
N. C. He has recently been the moving 
spirit in the successful effort on the 
part of the citizens of Greensboro to 
secure for that town a Carnegie library. 
Joseph H. Selden is at present min- 
ister-in-charge of the North Woodward 
Avenue Congregational Church, Detroit 


J. Franklin Jameson, Secretary, 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 
The Political Science Quarterly for 
September contains an article by Pro- 
fessor Frank J. Goodnow on "Regula- 
tion of State Taxation." 


Henry P. Field, Secretary, 
Northampton, Mass. 

Henry P. Field has been reelected a 
member of the Republican State Com- 
mittee of Massachusetts, representing 
the Berkshire-Hampshire-Hampden dis- 

In July Governor Foss appointed 
former Congressman George P. Law- 
rence a member of the new public serv- 
ice commission of Massachusetts. 
Subsequently, owing to the pressure of 
private business, Mr. Lawrence re- 
signed from the commission. 

Rev. George A. Strong, for the past 
eleven years rector of Christ Episcopal 
Church, New York City, recently 
resigned. His resignation, which is 
to take effect on November 1, is due to 
continued ill health. 

Frank H. Parsons, Secretary, 
60 Wall St., New York City. 

William G. Dwight was a delegate 
this month to the Massachusetts state 
convention of the progressive party. 

At the opening exercises of Columbia 
University on September 24, Professor 
James F. Kemp, head of the depart- 
ment of geology, delivered the cus- 
tomary address. His subject was "The 
Appeal of the Natural Sciences." 

Edward Hamilton McCormick was 
married at Kirby-Wicke, Yorkshire, on 
July 31 to Miss Phyllis Mary Samuel- 
son. He is the second son of Leander 
Hamilton McCormick, formerly of 



Chicago, who now Hves at 11 Hertford 
Street, Mayfair, London. 

At the celebration in June, when the 
Lackawanna Railroad opened its new 
station at Montclair, N. J., among the 
speakers were Starr J. Murphy, '81, and 
George B. Mallon, '87. 
John P. Gushing, Secretary, 
Hamden Hall, New Haven, Conn. 

John Albree has moved his office 
from Barristers Hall to 35 Devonshire 
Building, 16 State Street, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Enoch Hale Burt is now pastor 
of the old First Congregational Church 
at Torrington, Conn. For fourteen 
years he was at Ivorytown, Conn., 
where his pastorate was a great success. 

Frederic Bancroft has edited the 
"Speeches, Correspondence and Politi- 
cal Papers of Carl Schurz, " which has 
just been published in six volumes by 
G. P. Putnam's Sons. The work was 
done under the auspices of the Carl 
Schurz Memorial Committee. 

William D. Smith has a boy bom 
September 8. He is now principal of 
the schools in Scottsville, Va., to which 
place he moved from Bon Air, Va., five 
years ago. 

John B. Walker, Secretary, 
33 East 33d St., New York, N. Y. 

Alexander D. Noyes has an article 
on "The Money Trust" in the May 
Atlantic Monthly. 

At the annual convention of the 
National Education Association, held 
at Salt Lake City in July, a paper on 
"The Wall of Tradition as It Affects 
the Teaching of Science" was presented 
by William Orr. 

At the meeting of the American 
Institute of Instruction, held at Bethle- 
hem, N. H., in July, a paper on "New 
College Entrance Requirements" was 
read by WiUiam Orr. 

Professor Charles A. Tuttle was in 
June elected professor of economics in 
Wesleyan University. After leaving 
Amherst Professor Tuttle taught one 
year in the Ware High School, and 
spent two years in study at Heidelberg, 
where he received the degree of Ph.D. 
He became instructor in political 
economy at Amherst in 1886, and in 
1887 was made assistant professor. 
In 1893 he resigned from the Amherst 
faculty and for the past twenty years 
has been professor of economics in 
Wabash College. His son was gradu- 
ated from Amherst last June. 


WiLLARD H. Wheeler, Secretary, 

2 Maiden Lane, New York City. 

In the baccalaureate sermon on June 
15 at Middlebury College, President 
Thomas commented at length upon 
William S. Rossiter's special census 
report on the statistics of population of 
Vermont. Among other things, Presi- 
dent Thomas said: 

The people of the state have not 
dealt quite fairly by the historical and 
statistical study of the progress of 
Vermont published by Mr. William S. 
Rossiter two years ago. A few sen- 
tences have been often quoted and 
criticised, and it has been made to 
appear that Mr. Rossiter declared 
Vermont to be hopelessly decadent. I 
am not concerned to defend him, but 
I may say that I have read few nobler 
tributes to the fathers of Vermont — 
and none more discerning, more care- 
fully substantiated by fact, more judi- 
cious and discriminating and at the 
same time more enthusiastic and truly 
laudatory — than the homage paid to 
the founders of this Commonwealth by 
this student whom many have branded 
as a calumniator. 

Further quotation would show that 
Mr. Rossiter is not less enthusiastic 
as to the traits of character possessed 
by the Vermonters of today, as to the 
advantages now in our hands, the oppor- 
tunities open before us, and the possi- 



bilities of progress through wise and 
constructive statesmanship and the 
exercise of determination and grit. 
These are not the conclusions of a pessi- 
mist, and the facts submitted as to the 
backwardness of the state in certain 
respects are not the exuberations of a 
man who heralds our failure and pro- 
claims our doom, but rather the warning 
and summons of a faithful and far- 
seeing friend, who points out our peril 
and calls us to our duty. 

Mr. Rossiter's paper was a study in 
the statistics of population, and the 
fact which stands out among the con- 
clusions of his research is the steady and 
persistent decrease of population in 
the small towns. Since 1830 a large 
proportion of Vermont towns have 
reported a diminution of population in 
each decade. In 1910 two-thirds of the 
towns reported a smaller population 
than ten years before. In 1890 three 
fourths of the towns in the state were 
found to have lost ground in the decade. 
In 174 towns, about two thirds, there 
was a larger population in 1850 than 
there was in 1910. Seven eighths of 
the municipalities of the state have fewer 
people in them today than they had at 
some previous time. If every town in 
the state could have held the maximum 
which it has at some time attained, 
without affecting the growth of those 
which have gone forward, our popula- 
tion would be nearly one third larger 
than it is. In our own county nine 
towns had more people before 1830 
than they have ever had since, and not 
a single town in the county has as 
many people today as it has had at 
some previous time. Our owti Middle- 
bury had a larger population fifty years 
ago than it has now. Whatever increase 
has been effected in the state as a whole 
in the last half century has been due to 
the growth of the cities, which have 
flourished at the expense of the smaller 
communities. The farming towns have 
gone backward notably in the last sixty 
years, and there are one million less 
acres in cultivation today than in 1850. 
In the country districts almost steady 
retrograde has been the rule, and if the 
movement has been checked, it has 
not manifested itself markedly in the 
returns, either in the number of the 
people or the value of industrial products. 

Frank E. Whitman, Secretary, 
490 Broome St., New York City. 

The London Times of September 18th 
contained the following: "Mr. H. B. 
Ames, member of Parliament for the 
St. Antoine Division of Montreal, has 
been visiting the various naval ship- 
building yards throughout Great Britain 
on behalf of the Dominion Govern- 

Rev. Francis L. Palmer, since 1910 
professor of ethics and apologetics at 
Seabury Divinity School, Faribault, 
Minn., upon the urgent request of his 
old parish, returned in June to Ascen- 
sion Church, Stillwater, Minn., where 
he had previously been rector for ten 
years. In December last he published 
a biography, "Mahlon Norris Gilbert, 
Bishop Coadjutor of Minnesota, 1886- 
1900," a book of about 300 pages, well 
illustrated, issued by the Young Church- 
man Company. The friends of that 
much beloved Bishop, and the book 
reviewers in general, have received the 
book most favorably. 

James E. Tower is in Switzerland, 
engaged in literary work. His mail 
address is. Care of Brown, Shipley & 
Co., 123 Pall Mall, London, England. 

Edwin G. Warner is the first grand- 
father in the class. Harold Lawson 
Warner, Jr., son of Harold Lawson War- 
ner, '10, was born July 7, 1912, is 1910's 
class boy, and attended the Trien- 
nial Reimion of 1910 in June. 
Charles F. Marble, Secretary, 
4 Marble St., Worcester, Mass. 

Captain and Mrs. W'illiam G. Fitch, 
parents of the late Clyde Fitch, have 
recently presented to the College the 
contents of the playwright's Ubrary in 
his town house, in East 40th Street, 
New York, including books, manu- 
scripts, desk, lamps, furniture, book- 



cases, ceiling, and rare works of art, 
all eventually to be built into a Clyde 
Fitch Memorial Room at Amherst. 

The New York papers state that 
"the great Chapel of the Intercession 
on Washington Heights, which many 
believe will be the finest example of 
ecclesiastical art and architecture in 
New York, if not in the covmtry," 
will in a few months approach com- 
pletion. The chapel is in the parish of 
Trinity Church, and the %ncar is the 
Rev. Milo H. Gates. 


Frederic B. Pratt, Secretary, 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
At the Gettysburg Memorial cele- 
bration in July, Barry Bulkley read the 
Gettysburg Address of President Lm- 
coln. Mr. Bulkley 's father, the late 
Dr. John Wells Bulkley, was among 
the first of the physicians to reach 
President Lincohi's side after he was 
shot, remaining vA\h. him throughout 
the night until his death. Another 
member of this class. Lieutenant Wil- 
liam S. Magill, M. R. C, had charge of 
one of the outpost hospitals on this 
occasion. Dr. Magill is director of 
laboratories in the New York state 
department of health. 


Asa G. Baker, Secretary, 

6 Cornell St., Springfield, Mass. 

The American Historical Review for 

July contained a review of Andrews' 

"The Colonial Period" by Professor 

Herman V. Ames. 

The Forum for July contains an arti- 
cle on "The Church and Religious 
Leadership" by Rev. James A. Fan-ley, 
minister of the Unitarian Church of 
Hackensack, N. J. 

Augustus S. Houghton is now a mem- 
ber of the law firm of Benjamin, Shep- 

ard, Houghton and Taylor, with oflBces 
at 111 Broadway, New York City. 
H. H. BoswoRTH, Secretary, 
15 Elm St., Springfield, Mass. 
Professor Robert Warner Crowell was 
married on July 16 to Josephine Mc- 
Arthur at Vancouver, B. C. They will 
live at Waterville, Me., where Crowell 
is professor of Romance languages in 
Colby College. 


Edwin B. Child, Secretary, 62 South 
Washington Sq., New York City. 
Rev. Charies E. Ewing died suddenly 
on September 27 of heart failure, while 
bathing at New Haven, Conn., where he 
was spending his vacation. For the 
past thirteen years Ewing had been a 
missionary in China under the A. B. C. 
F. M. 

In Jime New York University con- 
ferred the degree of LL.D., upon Dis- 
trict Attorney Charles S. Whitman. 
He has this fall been renominated for 
his present office by both the Republican 
and Democratic parties and his reelec- 
tion is, therefore, assm-ed. It had been 
widely expected that he would be nomi- 
nated for mayor of New York by the 
"fusion" committee, but this did not 
OCCIU-. Mr. ^Miitman was also the 
recipient of the degree of LL.D. from 
Amherst at this year's Commencement. 
WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Secretary, 

Easthampton, Mass. 
Henry W. Boynton contributed to 
the New York Times of June 29 a review 
of Young's "The Battle of Gettysburg" 
and of Singmaster's "Gettysburg." 

The American Historical Review for 
July contained reviews of Ruffini's "La 
Gio\nnezza del Conte di Cavour" and of 
Fanfani's "La Principessa Clotilde di 
Savoia" by Harry Nelson Gay. 



Edward Lyman Morris died suddenly 
from accidental asphyxiation by gas on 
September 14 at his home, 428 East 
Twelfth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Morris 
was born in Monson, Mass., October 
23, 1870. He was laboratory assistant 
at Amherst from 1893 to 1895 and 
instructor in biology in 1895-1896. He 
then served as instructor in chemistry, 
botany and biology in the Washington 
(D. C.) High School, and from 1900 to 
1907 was head of the department of 
biology in that school. In 1898 he 
served as special plant expert of the 
Department of Agriculture and in 1900 
was a field assistant of the United States 
Fish Commission. Since 1907 he had 
been curator of natural sciences in the 
museum of the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences. He leaves a widow 
and a three-year-old son. The burial 
was at Monson, Mass., where Morris 
was bom. Professor John M. Tyler 
writes of Morris as follows: "He was a 
fine botanist, and had done some very 
good work on some of the famihes of 
plants, especially the plantains. He was 
a steady, patient, enthusiastic worker, 
and a fine teacher of botany both at 
Amherst College and in Washington." 

A daughter, EUzabeth, was bom to 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Spurr Weston 

on May 22. Their home is at 185 

Winthrop Road, Brookhne, Mass. 


Demon H. Roberts, Secretary, 

YpsUanti, Mich. 

The American Historical Review for 
July contained review of Ford's "Writ- 
ings of John Quincy Adams" by Pro- 
fessor Allen Johnson. 

WiUiam R. Royce died of yellow fever 
last winter at Havana, Cuba. 

The annual meeting of the Executive 
Committee of the class was held on 
March 1, at the University Club, New 
York City, eight members being present. 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary, 
21 Main St., Amherst, Mass. 

The class of 1893 held a most success- 
ful and largely attended Twentieth 
Reunion last Commencement. Early 
in the year the plan was adopted of 
forming a Common Fund to which 
every man was asked to contribute and 
out of that fimd paj-ing every man's 
railway fare to and from Amherst and 
every man's expenses at Amherst. 
The attendance and expressions of the 
men proved the wisdom of the plan. 

Miss Brown's house on Spring Street 
was the class headquarters. The men 
were housed here, at Mrs. King's, fac- 
ing the Common, and in the new Pratt 
Dormitory. By Saturday night nearly 
half the class had registered and by noon 
of Commencement Day seventy-one men 
out of ninety-four, a percentage of 
seventy-five, thus winning for the class 
the Reunion Trophy Cup. Men were 
present from California, Utah, Nebraska, 
Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, 
Ohio, Maryland and Tennessee. 

Sunday afternoon the class received 
the members of the Faculty and their 
wives and a few friends at Miss Goess- 
mann's. Monday afternoon, headed by 
Stevens Band, of Chicopee, and wearing 
white duck trousers, dark coats and 
straw hats with '93 bands, the class 
joined the parade for the ball game. 
After the ball game a special trolley 
car took the class and their guest. 
President Meiklejohn, a '93 man at 
Brown, to the Orient. Miss Whitman, 
of The Pheasant, served a picnic supper 
around the camp fire. That evening 
after dramatics a buffet luncheon was 
served at headquarters. At the class 
meeting, George D. Pratt was reelected 
president and Frederick S. Allis secre- 
tary and treasurer, and a beautiful 
loving cup with the fac-simile signature 




of each man present at the Reunion 
engraved on it was given to the secre- 
tary. Professor Howard Doughty of 
the Chemistry Department, a '93 man 
at Johns Hopkins, was elected an hon- 
orary member of the class. The reso- 
lution here passed and read at the 
alumni dinner by the President of the 
Board of Trustees, will be found under 
"The Alumni," on page 59. 

A "Second Flight Cup" was presented 
to the class by Charles D. Norton, the 
conditions of the gift, providing that 
the name of every child, boy or girl, 
bom to any member of the class, after 
January 1, 1913, shall be engraved upon 
the cup in the order of his or her birth, 
and that the cup shall be held succes- 
sively by each latest bom child, boy or 
girl, and shall be surrendered to the 
next born child at its birth. The child 
bom last shall own it. 

The class secretary received an appre- 
ciative letter from President Meikle- 
john acknowledging the kindness of the 
class to him personally and the "splen- 
did gift" of the class to the College. 
He also received letters from a large 
number of the men who were present, 
saj-ing how much the Reunion had 
meant to them. Some of these had not 
been back since graduation. The fol- 
lowing men were present: Abbott, AUis, 
Babson, Baldwin, Beebe, Beekman, 
Bhss, Blodgett, Breed, Brooks, Buffum, 
Clark, Cole, Dann, Da\'idson, Davis, 
Edgell, Ellis, Esty, Gallinger, Gill, 
Goddard, Goodrich, Griswold, Hamilton, 
Hawes, Houghton, Kemmerer, Kimball, 
Lacey, Lay, Lewis, Man well, Morris, 
Nash, Norton, Olmstead, J. H., 01m- 
stead, R. E. S., Parker, Pratt, Raub, 
Reed, Rogers, Ross, Shea, Sheldon, 
Smith, Tinker, Tufts, Wales, Wood, C. 
G., Wood, H. C, Wood, W. H., W^ood- 
worth, Allen, Baker, Brown, Byron, 
Dodge, Gallaudet, Hallock, Hunt, 

Keating, Kennedy, Paul, Reade, Tay- 
lor, Tower, Tsanoff, Walker, Harbaugh. 

S. V. Tsanoff, who is known in many 
cities as a pioneer of the movement for 
educational playgrounds, gave an inter- 
esting account of his educational work 
at his class Reunion. At the close of 
his speech he made the following sug- 
gestions for the alumni: "Amherst this 
year decided to form an Alumni Council. 
Why might not this council resolve 
itself into an Amherst Civic Union with 
branches in cities where there are a good 
number of alumni for promoting elabo- 
rated plans for educational work and, 
maybe, social betterment.' The world 
today needs men and women whose 
minds have been trained to think, not 
mere sentimentaUsts, as there are many 
of those who meddle in public affairs. 
It seems to me that there is work wait- 
ing just for college-bred men to come 
together and take up. Thousands of 
them are earnest and sincere as well as 
free to enter public activity for the good 
there is in them." 

H. E. Whitcomb, Secretary, 
Station A, W'orcester, Mass. 

Stephen P. Cushman has removed his 
offices from the Tremont Building to 
60 State Street, Boston, Mass. 

The Executive Committee of the class 
held a meeting in New York in 
September which was attended by 
Backus, Mitchell, Schmuck and Stone. 

Announcement was recently made of 
an anonymous gift of $100,000 to Ober- 
lin Theological Seminary. Students re- 
turning for the new academic year will 
find that half of this sum has been used 
to endow a new professorship in "The 
philosophy of Religion and Christian 
Ethics." This important new chair 
will be filled by Prof. Eugene WiUiam 
Lyman of Bangor, Me., who takes up 
his work with the opening of the fall 



term. Dr. Lyman graduated from 
Amherst College in 1894 and Yale 
Divinity School in 1899, taking highest 
honors in both, including the Phi Beta 
Kappa in his Junior year. At Amherst 
he was a member of the Delta Upsilon 
fraternity. Winning the Hooker fel- 
lowship at Yale, he pursued graduate 
studies for two years in Germany at 
the universities of Marburg, Halle and 
Berlin, supplemented recently by special 
study under Rudolph Eucken at Jena. 
Dr. Lyman has had an unusually broad 
experience as a teacher. Between col- 
lege and seminary days he taught 
Latin at Williston and Lawrenceville. 
Specializing in philosophy and theology 
in his graduate work on the Yale fellow- 
ship, he was called back from Germany 
to take the chair of philosophy at 
Carleton College. After three years of 
college teaching. Professor Lyman de- 
cided to devote his life to theological 
work, serving first in the Congrega- 
tional College at Montreal as professor 
of theology and, since 1905, in the same 
capacity in Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary. Both as teacher and writer in 
recent years he has attracted attention 
as one of the notable men in his field. 
Besides contributing to theological and 
philosophical magazines, he is the author 
of "Theology and Human Problems" 
(1910), and "The Influence of Prag- 
matism on the Status of Theology" 
(1906). He is a member of the Ameri- 
can Philosophical Society and the So- 
ciety of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. 


Prof. Chahles T. Burnett, Secretary, 
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. 
Herbert L. Pratt, vice-president of 
the Standard Oil Company, has been 
awarded a gold fire badge by the New 
York City Fire Department in recogni- 
tion of his ser\dces to the department. 

In making the presentation. Commis- 
sioner Jolmson said, "The service which 
Mr. Pratt has rendered to the city in his 
help to the fire department is immeasur- 
able. Through his efforts we have been 
able to fight big waterfront fires, with 
practically no loss of firemen, because 
he has placed at our command, through 
the Standard Oil Company, a fleet of 
fire tugs which are equipped with every 
device for fighting waterfront fires." 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary, 
60 Federal St., Boston, Mass. 

Carlisle J. Gleason's law firm has 
changed its name to Elkus, Gleason and 
Proskauer. Their offices are still at 
170 Broadway, New York City. 

Merrill E. Gates, Jr., who has taken 
an active part in the Progressive cam- 
paigns in Westchester County, N. Y., 
has opened a law office at White Plains, 
in addition to his New York City office 
at 31 Nassau Street. 

Following the reorganization of the 
Consolidated Cotton Duck Co., which 
has been succeeded by the Interna- 
tional Cotton Mills, T. B. Hitchcock, 
class secretary, has been transferred to 
Boston, where the executive offices of 
the new company are located at 60 
Federal Street. 

System, the Chicago business 
monthly, is publishing a series of 
articles on advertising by Worthington 
C. Holman, who has been a regular 
contributor for more than a year and 
is a recognized authority upon the 

Clarence E. Jaggar, president of the 
class, after a nine months' absence from 
business on account of poor health, has 
entirely recuperated and has returned 
to his office at 85 South Street, Boston. 

William Edwards Milne, who died 
suddenly on September 6, at the home 




of Mr. Clinton H. Blake, Englewood, 
N. J., was born in Genesee, N. Y., 
March 6, 1873, the only son of Dr. 
William J. Milne, President of the 
State Normal College, at Albany, 
N. Y., and of Eliza Gates Milne. He 
first entered Union College with the 
class of '95, but on account of ill 
health was obliged to withdraw during 
his first year there; in the following 
fall he entered Amherst, where he was a 
member of Alpha Delta Phi, and took 
an active part in college affairs; during 
his senior year he won the tennis cham- 
pionship of Amherst. After graduation 
he studied law at Harvard and later 
at Columbia, being admitted to the 
New York Bar in 1901. Since then he 
had practised his profession in New 
York City, for several years past as 
a member of the law firm of Milne, 
Blake & McAneny at 2 Rector Street. 
In 1909, Mr. Milne was married to 
Miss Marion Blake, who survives him. 
At the funeral services held at En- 
glewood on the 9th his class and 
fraternity were represented by delega- 
tions and Merritt E. Gates, Jr., '96, 
a cousin, was one of the pall bearers. 

At the armual convention of the 
American Bankers' Association, held at 
Boston, October 6-9, Roberts Walker 
addressed the Trust Company Section 
upon "Additional Legislative Regula- 
tion of Corporate Reorganizations." 


Benjamin K. Emerson, Jr., Secretary, 

72 West St., Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. Herbert A. Barker has resigned 
from the Boylston Church, Jamaica 
Plain, to accept a call to the Elliott 
Church, Lowell. 

The New York Evening Post of Sep- 
tember SOth contained a review of 
Professor Percy H. Boynton's "London 
in English Literature," recently pub- 
lished by the University of Chicago 

Press. Among other comments, the 
reviewer says : 

"While, as he says in his preface, 
"nothing is included in the volume 
which cannot be easily traced by ref- 
erence to standard works on London 
and obvious sources of literature," we 
have to admit his claim that the exact 
method and purpose of the present 
book have, so far as we can recall, 
never been anticipated. Mr. Boynton 
has set himself to reproduce, in chrono- 
logical order, the contemporary atmos- 
phere of successive literary periods in 
the history of London, and the principal 
value of his achievement, as he intended 
it should be, is in its suggestiveness. 

"The book is written primarily for 
the student of English literature — 
doubtless it is the outcome of Mr. 
Boynton's experiences with his own 
students — and we shall be guilty of no 
disrespect towards the author if we 
liken his work to the tempting hors 
d'oeuvre that whets the appetite for the 
more solid repast. There are a dozen 
topics touched on and passed by con- 
cerning which we would desire more 
information, or would wash to join issue; 
but it is atmosphere with which Mr. 
Boynton is concerned, and when with 
a few bold strokes he has indicated how 
men lived and moved and thought in a 
given period he is ready to pass on to 
the next picture. 

"Mr. Boynton has done what he set 
out to do so extremely well that one 
is tempted to wish that the limitations 
he imposed on himself had not been 
quite so rigid. Even at the cost of 
slightly increasing the scope of the 
book, the topography of the city in the 
various periods described might advan- 
tageously have been dealt with in 
greater detail." 

Professor Percy H. Boynton of Chi- 
cago University has an article on " Sort- 



ing College Freshmen" in the February 
number of the English Journal. 

Gerald M. Richmond was married 
on June 28 to Miss Isobel Stewart 
Bryan of Northampton, Mass. 

On July 9 a daughter, Mary Bingham, 
the third in their family of daughters, 
was bom to Mr. and Mrs. Harry W. 

Rev. Augustine P. Manwell has re- 
ceived a call from Geddes Congrega- 
tional Church, Syracuse, N. Y., to the 
First Congregational Church at Glovers- 
viUe, N. Y. 


Rev. Charles W. Merriam, Secretary. 

31 High St.. Greenfield, Mass. 

Rev. F. Q. Blanchard has recently 
been elected to the following positions: 
president of the school board of East 
Orange, N. J., secretary of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the American Mis- 
sionary Association, trustee of Illotson 
College, Texas, trustee of Piedmont 
College, Ga., and chaplain of the Orange 
Chapter, S. A. R. 

Chester M. Bliss was elected last 
year head-master of the English High 
School, Cambridge, Mass. 

Robert C. Breed, formerly professor 
of biology and geology at Allegheny 
College, has become bacteriologist at 
the New York State Experiment Sta- 
tion at Geneva, N. Y. The following 
is an editorial from the Geneva Times 
under date of April 20, 1913: " Dr. 
Robert S. Breed, professor of biology 
at Allegheny, has been appointed bac- 
teriologist at the Experiment Station. 
It is considered that in Dr. Breed the 
Board of Control has secured a specially 
well trained man to take up the work of 
Dr. Harding. Dr. Breed is an alumnus 
of Amherst College, where he was 
graduated with Phi Beta Kappa honors 
in 1898. After two years of study 
Harvard conferred upon him the degree 

of Doctor of Philosophy. Besides this 
graduate work Professor Breed has 
studied at the laboratory of the United 
States Fish Commission at Woods Hole, 
Mass., and at Gottingen and Kiel, 
Germany, under eminent biologists." 

Charles G. Burd has resigned from 
the department of Pubhc Speaking and 
Religious Work at the Hill School, 
Pottstown, Pa., and is now an instructor 
in English at Columbia University. 

H. Griswold Dwight has an article in 
the May Atlantic Monthly on "Two 
Brush Pictures," and one in the May 
Scribner's on "Turkish Coffee Houses." 

Walter H. Eddy has just been elected 
vice-principal of the High School of 
Commerce, New York City. He is the 
author of two text-books, a "Text-Book 
in General Physiology and Anatomy" 
and "A Laboratory Manual of Physiol- 
ogy. " both published by the American 
Book Co. 

Julius W. Eggleston has resigned as 
assistant professor of minerology and 
geology at the University of Missouri 
to accept the professorship of geology 
and botany at the Occidental College, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

Thomas M. Evans died on April 27, 
1913. Evans left Amherst Sophomore 
year and graduated from Yale 1898. 
On October 13, 1900, he married Miss 
Martha Scott Jamagin of Mosey Creek, 
Tenn. At the time of his death he was 
president of the National Bank of 
McKeesport, Pa., director of the 
Colonial Trust Co. of Pittsburgh, direc- 
tor of the American Tomb Co., director 
of the McKeesport Chamber of Com- 
merce, director of the Glassport Trust 
Co., director of the McKeesport and 
Port Vue Bridge Co., vice-president and 
trustee of the McKeesport Hospital, and 
a member of the University Club and of 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. 
He left a widow and two children. 



Samuel B. Furbish, after having been 
assistant treasurer of Bowdoin College 
for eleven years, has been elected 
treasurer of the same college. 

Edmund A. Garland has recently 
been elected to the following business 
positions in Worcester, Mass. : treasurer 
of the Dodge Mill Co., president of the 
Bond Grain Co., and president of the 
Oxford Grain Co. 

William H. Hitchcock was married 
on March 11 to Winifred Harriet Lundy 
of Dedham, Mass. 

The Independent for October 2 con- 
tains a leading article on "Speculation 
and Gambling" by its associate editor, 
Harold J. Rowland. 

The First Congregational Church of 
Mt. Vernon, N. Y., has recently dedica- 
ted a splendid new church edifice. Her- 
bert C. Ide took the church under dis- 
couraging circumstances and has led it 
to a new position of influence and power. 

Tyler W. James has resigned his posi- 
tion with the J. A. and W. Bird Co. of 
88 Pearl Street, Boston, Mass. 

Albert Mossman was elected this year 
captain in the Coast Artillery Corps, 
Connecticut National Guard. 

Theron Potts is reported as dead by 
the postmaster of Mayaguez, Porto 
Rico. Mr. Potts left Amherst Sopho- 
more year and has since been engaged in 
business in Porto Rico. 

In January, 1913, Carl Stackman 
resigned as pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Somerville, Mass. 

Neil A. W^eathers was married on May 
14 to Miss Edna Cush'ng, of East 
Orange, N. J. 

Arthur J. Wyman is the pas' or of the 
First Presbyterian Church at Little 
Falls, N. Y. 

E. W. Hitchcock, Secretary, 
26 Broadway, New York. 
The September issue of Everybody s 

Magazine contains a poem by Burges 
Johnson, entitled "The Spy." 

In the Journal of Political Economy 
for July is an article by H. P. Kendall 
on "Systematized and Scientific Man- 
agement," — a subject on which he has 
made himself an authority. 


Fred H. Klaer, Secretary, 
334 South 16th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Robert Lyman Grant has recently 
resigned as assistant cashier of the 
Baker-Boyer National Bank of Walla 
Walla, Wash., and will make a tour 
around the world before reentering the 
banking business in the northwest. 
Grant was with the Hampden National 
Bank of Westfield, Mass., until 1905, 
and then joined the force of the First 
National Bank of Minneapolis, Minn., 
leaving that position to go to Walla 
Walla in 1907. The Walla Walla 
Evening Bulletin speaks of him as "one 
of the best equipped of the younger 
generation of bankers." 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary, 
14 Wall St., New York. 

The firm of John Somma Co., of 
which John P. Adams was secretary and 
treasurer, has changed its name to the 
Kensington Mfg. Co. Adams is now 
the president of the company, located 
at 541 East 79th Street, New York City, 
which manufactures "period" furniture. 

Edwin C. Hawley has returned on a 
year's leave of absence from China, 
where he has been as a missionary. 
He spent last winter studying in New 
York. This summer he has been in 
charge of the Y. M. C. A. work of the 
Columbia Summer School at Litchfield, 
Conn. His address for the present is 

Ralph C. Hawley, who is a professor 
in the School of Forestry at Yale, has 



been out west this summer investigating 
the national forest reserve. 

In the Hibbert Journal for July is an 
article by Dr. Preserved Smith on "A 
New Light on the Relations of Peter and 

The New York members of the class 
held their annual party at Coney Island 
on July 30, the schedule consisting of 
a swim, followed by a shore diimer, and 
then doing and seeing some of the stunts. 
Among those present were Bates, 
Everett, Farrell, H. V. D. Moore, Morse 
and Towne. 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary, 
36 South St., Campello, Mass. 

Armouncement is made of the engage- 
ment of Henry W. Giese of Boston to 
Miss Emily Williston Stearns of Newton, 
Mass. Miss Steams is a daughter of 
Frank W. Stearns, '78, and a sister of 
Foster W. Stearns, '03. 

Theodore B. Plimpton was married 
to Miss Irene Snow on Wednesday, 
June 11, at Boston, Mass. 


Clifford P. Warren, Secretary, 
168 Winthrop Road, Brookline, Mass. 

Thirty-five members of the class were 
registered at the Decennial Reunion at 
Hitchcock Hall, Amherst, in June. 
The list follows: Stearns, W^arren, 
Cadieux, Burke, Washburn, Jay, Clark, 
Getchell, J. A. Jones, Park, Boyer, 
Rhodes, Patrick, S. H. Tead, Favour, 
Foster, Fisher, Hardy, Baker, Atwood, 
Scott, Longman, Pratt, McCluney, 
Ewen, Haradon, R. D. Hildreth, W. A. 
Hildreth, Armsby, Phalen, Shearer, 
Snushall, Maloney, King, Childs. The 
following ladies were present: Mrs. 
Steams, Mrs. Rhodes, Mrs. Clark, Mrs. 
Warren, Mrs. Favour, Mrs. Marble, 
Mrs. W. A. Hildreth, Mrs. King, Mrs. 
Baker, Miss Emily W. Stearns, Miss 
Caroline E. Clark, Mrs. Eugenie L. La 

France, Miss Beatrice La France, Miss 
Louise E. Snow. 

The class, captained by Park, prin- 
cipal of Cutler Academy, Colorado 
Springs, its "longest-distance" man, led 
the alumni parade Saturday evening, 
which was followed by a private celebra- 
tion and dramatics at Hitchcock Hall. 
Monday morning '98 defeated the class 
badly in a very exciting ball game. In 
the evening the banquet was served at 
Hitchcock Hall. The Greenfield MiU- 
tary Band dispensed excellent music for 
the class. The Reunion costume was a 
senior cap and gown of purple and white. 

The class exchanged greetings by 
cable ^-ith ex-president Harris who was 
traveling in Europe and whose term in 
Amherst began with the Freshman year 
of the class. 

Cadieux and Warren were reelected 
president and secretary and Foster was 
chosen chairman of the Reunion Com- 

Albert W. Atwood is writing on 
finance each week for the new Harper's 
Weekly, and is conducting a department, 
entitled "Your Money and How to 
Make it Earn," in McClure's Magazine. 
He is also editor of Business America. 
This winter he will give a course on 
"Stocks and the Stock Market" in the 
School of Commerce, Accounts and 
Finance of New York University. 

Byard W. Bennett was married on 
June 25 to Miss Martha Muir at Bristol, 

Alexander C. Ewen is associate prin- 
cipal of Dean Academy at Franklin, 

Foster W. Stearns has been appointed 
librarian of the Boston Museum of Fine 
Arts in place of Morris Carter, recently 
appointed assistant director. During 
the past year he has been a student of 
library methods in the library school of 
the New York Pubhc Library. 

Stanley H. Tead is with George H. 



McFadden & Bro. at 3 South William 
Street, New York City. 

A son, John Cushman, was born 
August 13 to Mr. and Mrs. Clifford P. 


Rev. Karl O. Thompson, Secretary, 

643 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Professor Thomas C. Bro^vn of the 
department of geology, Bryn Mawr, 
and Mrs. Brown have a son, Richard 
Leland, born December 2, 1912. 

Dr. Heman B. Chase returned from 
Honduras in April and has resumed his 
practice in Hyannis, Mass. 

Fayette B. Dow was married on 
June 18 to Miss Annie Lloyd Thomas, 
daughter of Mrs. Annie Schley Hoyt, 
at Denver, Col. 

H. Gardner Lund is doing settlement 
work in East Cambridge, Mass., and is 
living at 38 Mt. Vernon Street, Clifton- 

Fred E. Sturgis is living in Westfield, 
N. J., and is engaged in the real estate 

Rev. E^arl O. Thompson received an 
M. A. degree in June from Olivet Col- 
lege, Olivet, Mich., for non-resident 
study and a thesis on "Early Irish 
History and Literature." 

A. E. Westphal is physical director 
at the Indiana State Normal School, 
Terre Haute, Ind. 

Ernest M. Whitcomb has been elected 
vice-president of the Hampshire Agri- 
cultural Society. 


Emerson G. Gaylord, Secretary, 
37 Gaylord Street, Chicopee, Mass. 
John G. Anderson was the runner- 
up in the National Amateur Golf Cham- 
pionship Tournament of the United 
States which was held at Garden City, 
New York, Sept. 1st to 6th. Anderson 
was the first representative from 
Massachusetts for seventeen years who 
was successful in reaching the final 
round; he was defeated for the title 

by Jerome D. Travers who won the 
championship for the fourth time. 
Anderson's work throughout the tour- 
nament was characterized as sensa- 
tional. To reach the finals, Anderson 
had to defeat Chas. Evans, Jr., the 
Chicago golfer. This was a particularly 
welcome victory for Anderson as it 
was Evans who defeated Anderson 
three years ago in the final round in 
France for the French national title, 
when Anderson compelled Evans to 
play through the thirty-eighth hole. 
Anderson was the intercollegiate golf 
champion throughout his college course, 
and won the state title in Massachusetts 
both in 1907 and 1911. His work this 
year, however, has been better than 
ever before and his achievement in 
reaching the final round for the Na- 
tional title has won for him an inter- 
national reputation. In the September 
issue of Golf, Anderson has two articles, 
one entitled "French Aspirants for 
American Title" and the other, "The 
Boston Letter." 

Robert C. Powell, Secretary, 

92 Canon Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Rev. Ellison S. Hildreth and Miss 
Lottie R. Lane of Rockpoxt, 111., were 
married on June 18 at the First Baptist 
Church, Boston. They have this fall 
left for Swatow, China, where Hildreth 
will engage in missionary work under the 
direction of the Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society. On August 2, the 
Second Baptist Church of Holyoke, 
Mass., gave Mr. and Mrs. Hildreth a 
farewell reception which was largely 
attended. Hildreth is the first member 
of this church to enter the foreign 
missionary field. 

Mason W. Tyler has been appointed 
an instructor in the department of his- 
tory and politics at Princeton. 

A son, Roger Hawley, was bom to 
Mr. and Mrs. Newton C. Wing, in 
August. Wing has moved to Atlanta,. 



-Ga., where he is the local manager for 
the Library Bureau. 

George A. Wood has been appointed 
an instructor in the department of his- 
tory and politics at Princeton. 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary. 
424 Wabiut Street, Newtonville, Mass. 
T. B. Averill will be married on 
November 8 to Miss Margaret Irwin 
Nevin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph T. Nevin, of Sewickley, Penn. 

Edward C. Boynton and his brother, 
Morrison R. Boynton, '10, sons of 
Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, '79, were 
ordained to the ministry on May 21 at 
the Clinton Avenue Church, Brooklyn, 
N. Y., of which their father is pastor. 
The moderator of the council of ordina- 
tion was Rev. Lewis T. Reed, '93. Of 
the service the Congregationalist said: 
^'An unusual feature was the participa- 
tion of ministers of five denominations 
in the laying on of hands. Aside from 
the Congregationalists were Methodists, 
Baptists, Presbyterians and Unitarians. 
A sixth denomination, the Dutch Re- 
formed, was to have been represented, 
but the pastor was unable to attend and 
sent a letter of greeting to Dr. Boynton 
instead. An endeavor was made to 
have still another denomination, the 
Episcopal, but it was impossible to 
secure a representative. A gathering 
of such various denominations in con- 
nection with a Congregational or any 
other denominational ordination is un- 
usual and perhaps unprecedented." 

Rev. Hugh Hartshome was married 
on Saturday, June 28, to Margaret, 
daughter of Mrs. Edward L. Curtiss, 
at New Haven, Conn. Mr. Harts- 
horne, who is instructor in religious 
education in Union Theological Sem- 
inary, has written a book on "Wor- 
ship in the Sunday School." It is 
published by the Teachers CoUege, 
Columbia University, New York. 

H. W. ZiNSMASTER, Secretary, 
Duluth, Minn. 
WiUiam H. Burg is now in business 
for himself, dealing in stocks and bonds. 
James P. Fleming of the American 
Sheet and Tin Plate Company is now 
located in Chicago as traveUng repre- 
sentative for that company. Residence 
address, 1363 East 50th Street, Chicago. 
William Haller was married on Sep- 
tember 3 to Miss Malle\'ille WTieelock 
Emerson, daughter of Professor Benja- 
min K. Emerson, '65, Amherst. Mrs. 
Haller is a Smith graduate of the class 
of '08. Haller is now instructor in 
EngUsh in Columbia University. 

Philip S. Jamieson resigned May 1 
from the Marsters Tours Company, of 
Boston, to go into the cotton and yam 
business with his father. 

Daniel B. Jones of the George B. 
Keith Shoe Co. now has charge of their 
business in Iowa. 

John E. Marshall has become manager 
for Rhode Island of the Union Central 
Life Insurance Company. His office is 
in the Turks Head Building, Providence. 
Charles W. Niles and Frank R. 
Goodell are now sales agents for the 
Converse Rubber Shoe Co., under the 
name of Niles-Goodell Company, Reade 
Street, New York City. 

M. Hayward Post, Jr., is now prac- 
tising medicine in St. Louis. 

Ned Powley is rate engineer for 
Pacific Tel. & Tel. Co., San Francisco, 
Cal. Home address, 903 Fell Street. 

H. W. Zinsmaster is now in the bread 
business with R. F. Smith, '10, in 
Duluth, Minn. The concern's name is 
the Zinsmaster-Smith Bread Company. 


Edward H. SuDBxmY, Secretary, 

343 Broadway, New York. 
Alfred S. Frank has been awarded a 
Carnegie Hero Medal for his work at 
Dayton during the Ohio flood. 

David F. Goodnow was married on 




August 2 at Ballston Spa, N. Y., to 
Miss Margery Smith, daughter of Dr. 
Samuel Smith of Ballston Spa and New 
York City. They will live at 1009 
Edgewood Avenue, Pelham Manor, 
N. Y. Goodnow is now practijing law 
in New York City, in the office of 
Winston H. Hagen, '79, and is a mem- 
ber of Squadron A. Mrs. Goodnow is 
a graduate of Bryn Mawr. 


Clarence Francis, Secretary, 
£6 Broadway, New York. 
William Sargent Ladd of Portland, 
Ore., was married to Miss Mary Rich- 
ardson Babbott, daughter of Frank L. 
Babbott, '78, at the latter's country 
home at Glen Cove, Long Island, on 
June 5. Charles T. Ladd, ex-'13, was 
best man for his brother. 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary, 

75A Willow St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The engagement of Chester F. Chapin 
to Miss Anna Dormitzer of South 
Orange, N. J., was announced last Jime. 

Owing to the death of his father, 
Clayton B. Jones has entered into 
partnership with his brother in the 
firm of George P. Jones & Co., cotton 
brokers, at 71 Wall Street, New York. 

Roger Keith and Miss Carolyn B. 
Hastings of Brockton were married on 
April 12 at Brockton. 

Herbert G. Lord is in the bond busi- 
ness with the firm of Spencer, Trask 
& Co., New York. 

The engagement has been announced 
of William W. Patton and Miss EUza- 
beth BojTiton of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
daughter of Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, 
'79. Patton is now studying at the 
Andover Theological Seminary. 

Richard B. Scandrett has been elected 
to the board of editors of the Columbia 
Law Review. 

Waldo Shumway received the degree 
of M.A. at Columbia University in June. 

Frederick W. H. Stott was married 
on June 17 to Miss Ruth Binkerd at 
New Canaan, Conn. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stott will live in Andover, Mass., where 
Stott will teach public speaking again 
this year. 

Dexter AVheelock and Miss Josephine 
I. Newman were married on August 
27 at the Central Presbyterian Church 
of Orange, N. J. 

E. Sumner Whitten has been ap- 
pointed professor of German in St. 
Stephen's College, Annandale, N. Y. 

Lawrence Wood is with the Carnegie 
Steel Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary, 
Wellesley Hills, Mass. 
A quiet home wedding took place 
Saturday, October 4, at the home of 
Fred W. Sloan on North Prospect 
Street, Amherst, when his only daugh- 
ter, Laura, was married to Russell 
Bertram Hall, of Worcester. Mr. 
Hall, who was captain and manager of 
the 'varsity football team during his 
senior year, has pursued a coiu-se of 
graduate study at the Agricultural 
College during the past year, and is 
now engaged in fruit-growing in Med- 
way, where he has bought a farm. 


Bradford Horwood is in the insurance 
business with Johnson & Higgins, 49 
Wall Street, New York. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Henry S. Leiper to Miss Eleanor L. 
Cory, Smith '13, of Englewood, N. J. 
Leiper will spend the coming year at 
Union Theological Seminary. Miss 
Cory is a traveling secretary of the 
student volunteer movement for foreign 

Harold H Plough has been appointed 
assistant in biology in Amherst College. 




Frontispiece: The Morris Pratt Memorial, West 

Front. Facing 77 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes 77 

Getting the Transition Made. — Learning as News. — 
From our Treasurer's Desk. 
Democracy and Culture. Harry P. Swett, '93 ... 86 
Commencement. Sonnet. Karl 0. Thompson, '04 . . . 94 
"Is the College Making Good?" George B. Churchill, '89 95 
Memory. Poem. Harry Greenwood Grover, '06 . . . . 105 
Finding the Modern College Range. Laurens H. Seelye, 

'11 106 

tlTije ^mfjerst lUusitrious; 

Amherst IN Civil War Time. Joseph H. Sawyer, 'Q5 . . 118 
Barrett Gymnasium, now Barrett Hall. Photograph 

by Mills. Facing 119 

The Alumni Council. Frederick S. Allis, '93 ... . 121 

^f)c iioofe Cable 

Smith, Luther's Correspondence and other Contemporary 
Letters. Williston Walker, '83. — Morse, Peach 
Bloom. J. F. G. — Palmer, Life of Bishop Gilbert. 
J. F. G. Hartshorne, Worship in the Sunday 
School. W. J, Newlin 127 

Cfje ^nbergrabuates! 

Review and Prospect in Athletics. 

Review of the Football Season. Richard P. Abele,' II . 131 
The Hockey Team 132 

€>Uitial anb pergonal 

The Trustees . 133 

The Faculty 134 

The Alumni 135 

The Classes 138 


Mr. Harry P. Swett, A. M., who writes the article on "Democracy and Culture," 
is Principal of the High School, Franklin, New Hampshire. 

Rev. Karl O. Thompson, A. M., who writes the sonnet, "Commencement," is 
Pastor of the Glenville Congregational Church, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Professor George B. Churchill, Ph.D., who answers the question, "Is the 
College Making Good?" is Professor of English Literature in Amherst College. 

Mr. Harry Greenwood Grover, who writes the poem, "Memory," is a teacher 
in Clifton, New Jersey. 

Mr. Laurens H. Seelye, who writes the article on "Finding the Modern College 
Range," is a student in the Union Theological Seminary, New York. 

Principal Joseph H. Sawyer, L. H. D., who writes on "Amherst in Civil War 
Time," is Principal of the Williston Seminary in Easthampton, Massachusetts. 

Mb. Frederick S. Allis, who writes about the "Alumni Council," is Secretary 
of the Amherst Alumni Council, and is resident in Amherst. 

Professor Williston Walker, Ph.D., D. D., who reviews the book on Luther's 
Correspondence, is Professor of Church History in Yale LTniversity, and Secre- 
tary of the Trustees of Amherst College. 

Mb. Richard P. Abele, who writes the Review of the Football Season is Assistant 
Coach in Football, in Amherst. 

Mr. Wilijam J. Newlin, who reviews Mr. Hartshorne's book, is Professor of 
Philosophy in Amherst College. 


















1 ■ ■ 








] — ^ 








VOL. Ill— JANUARY, 1914— NO. 2 


EVERY graduate who has taken the intellectual life seriously 
is aware, I presume, of a certain period in his experience 
when there came over him a sense of disillusion, a feeling 
that somehow the high colors he had once imagined in life and learn- 
„ . < ing had faded out and left only dull prosaism and 
np . . commonplace. This is no exceptional feeling, 

-J" , though in each individual case it seems so, and 

indeed is unique according to temperament. The 
man who has not had some touch of it and intelligently resolved it is 
more to be pitied than the man who has. To some it is the fading 
of a poetic and imaginative glamour; to some a sense of enigma and 
bafflement in life ; to some simply blankness and boredom. It comes 
quite generally about the time of the college course, and in connec- 
tion with it. Then it is that the various departments of learning 
deploy their treasures before the student, and like Bassanio in 
the play he must choose, according to what is intrinsically in him, 
between the casket and the gem. It is essentially nothing but the 
elemental transition from adolescence to manliood, translated into 
intellectual terms, terms of learning. Wordsworth has described 
it in poetic and contemplative terms, in his famous Ode: 

"The Youth, who daily farther from the east 
Must travel, still is Nature's priest. 

And by the vision splendid 

Is on his way attended; 
At length the Man perceives it die away, 
And fade into the light of common day." 

The light of common day, the light wherein we share and share 
alike whatever our gifts or calling, and wherein lies our practical 


work, — this is what it reduces to. The sphere of liberal culture, as 
represented in the college, is for us its atmosphere, its medium. 
The light of learning, with all that it reveals of inspiring or dis- 
couraging quality, is our light of common day. 

Many treat the sense of disillusion that comes with this transi- 
tion as if it meant the real color of things; and many accordingly 
key their after life to it as if it were permanent. But this is a mis- 
take. As a disillusion it is only a reactive emotional coloring, 
and so is as unreal, as untrustworthy, as the illusion itself, being 
indeed merely the same spiritual force working in inverse order. 
Wordsworth did not treat the youth's faded vision as a thing static 
and final. It is not long before he finds something better to take 
its place and make the light of common day doubly luminous. 
\Miat this is we need not stay to inquire, further than to remark 
that its substance is 

" The fountain light o[ all our day," 

and that its upshot is something very like what we seek in liberal 
learning, when he makes it culminate 

"In years that bring the philosophic mind." 

Cardinal Newman, looking at the same period of transition, is 
more explicit. After describing at some length the "many-colored 
vision" of infancy and youth, and its gradual concentration into 
form and definition, he goes on to say : " The first view was the more 
splendid, the second the more real; the former more poetical, the 
latter more philosophical. Alas! what are we doing all through 
life, both as a necessity and as a duty, but unlearning the world's 
poetry, and attaining to its prose! This is our education, as boys 
and as men, in the action of life, and in the closet or library; in 
our affections, in our aims, in our hopes, and in our memories. 
And in like manner it is the education of our intellect; I say that 
one main portion of intellectual education, of the labors of both 
school and university, is to remove the original dimness of the mind's 
eye; to strengthen and perfect its vision; to enable it to look out 
into the world right forward, steadily and truly; to give the mind 
clearness, accuracy, precision; to enable it to use words aright, to 
understand what it says, to conceive justly what it thinks about, 
to abstract, compare, analyze, divide, define, and reason, correctly." 


Thus Cardinal Newman, like Wordsworth, gets the transition 
made by setting the mind at work in the light of common day, 
accepting the prose of life if it must be prose, and working the haze 
and glamour out of its youthful vision. The light of common day 
is after all the best light there is; it shows things as they are, if we 
will learn to take it so. But the change in scene calls for a cor- 
responding adjustment in the beholder. To make up for what 
the flatness and prosaism of common day have seemed to take out 
of life, there must be put in the greater power and penetration 
of the seeing eye, and the adult seriousness and balance of the 
mind behind the eye. To the Cardinal this means a very definite 
thing, the old-fashioned virtue of concentrated discipline. "The 
instruction given [the student]," he says, "of whatever kind, if 
it be really instruction, is mainly, or at least preeminently, this, — 
a discipline in accuracy of mind." To the poet, who for his youth- 
ful reader dreads the time when 

"thy soul shall have her earthly freight, 
And custom lie upon thee with a weight 
Heavy as frost, and deep almost as life," 

it means harking back to the healthy imagination and eager spirit 
of childhood and therefrom reviving for permanent value those 

"truths that wake. 

To perish never; 
Which neither listlessness, nor mad endeavor. 

Nor man nor boy. 
Nor all that is at enmity with joy. 
Can utterly abolish or destroy." 

The one would secure all the practical and prose avails of the 
transition; the other would charge it anew with the poetry it has 
seemed to lose. 

Both are idealists. Both are aware that hindrances and handi- 
caps lie in the way of making their counsels of perfection actual. 
The Cardinal admits that his glowing description fits only the 
minority. "Boys," he says, "are always more or less inaccurate, 
and too many, or rather the majority, remain boys all their lives." 
The poet is aware that both listlessness and mad endeavor must 
be reckoned with, and that his ideal of recovered truths must sur- 
vive untoward tendencies in both man and boy. The same 

80 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

obstacles to getting the perfect transition made loom large in our 
College life, and too often prevail ; that is why, I suppose, so many 
graduates come back to reunions and bewail their wasted opportu- 
nities. That sad shrinkage from the net avails of learning, which 
it is just now the fashion to blame upon the College courses and 
instruction, goes back, when all is said, to the man himself; he has 
met his disillusion and has not resolved it, has lived for years in 
the presence of his opportunity and has not taken it seriously. To 
some listless souls, who never had any youthful vision to dispel, 
the revealing light of common day produces only the indiflFerence 
of nil admirari. You recall how the "Merry Devil of Education," 
in Dr. Crothers's delightful essay of that title, describes this luke- 
warm species of student. "Toward the end of his college course," 
he says, "he will show signs of superiority to his parents, and there 
will be symptoms of world-weariness. He will be inclined to think 
that nothing is quite worth while. That tired feeling is diagnosed 
as 'Culture.' The undergraduate has become acquainted with 
the best that has been said and known in the world, and sees that 
it doesn't amount to much after all." This sort of thing, however, 
though it has played some part in impairing the savor of learning, 
is hardly more than matter for a flying smile. Not the 'listless- 
ness " or conceit in the presence of academic wealth so much as the 
"mad endeavor" after alien things, — the turmoil of sports and 
rivalries and distractions, the haste for a paying vocation, the 
pressure of the active life, — is the gravest obstacle to making the 
transition ripen into the real self-mastery of learning. A silly 
sentiment against prigs and pedants, too, and a morose determina- 
tion to make study an infliction and grind, have their part in 
Wordsworth's category of "all that is at enmity with joy." It 
is, in fact, only by resolute survival in the face of foes and unwise 
friends alike that the spirit of true learning can prosper until it 
becomes for its devotee the light of his common day, the natural 
way of living; and just on that account it is worth so much the more 
when it does. 

The College is called on all sides to stand and deliver. Its 
courses, its administration, its teachers, its methods, must in these 
critical days render account of themselves. And all these things 
are vulnerable, as no one better knows than those who have them 
in charge. But there is no occasion for apology or even putting 


the College on the defensive. Its best defense is its steadfastness. 
Meanwhile, it may be remembered that the College life is syn- 
chronous with that momentous transition wherein the glamour 
and unreality of youth is fading into the light of common day, 
and the spiritual tissues are toughening into the fibre of manhood. 
Behind, the juvenility of the secondary school; before, the ripened 
adultness of the university and the professional school ; here stands 
the College, neither in sternness nor in lenity, but in fellowship, 
striving, so far as students and patrons will cooperate, to enrich 
the common day with the clear-seeing, accurate mind, and the 
love of sound learning as a possession for all time. 

FROM the college teacher's point of view the most bafiling 
problem in his cherished enterprise of learning, which to 
him has become also the enterprise of teaching, rises at 
the point where he looks over the boundary of the undergraduate 
J . course toward the coming years of sequel. What 

-, shall the study amount to after the bachelor's 

examination is over? What attitude and interest 
shall it leave in the graduate's mind, what prepared soil in which 
afterward it may continue to grow and enrich his life of liberal 
culture? It is just here that so much of the college course seems 
to go for nothing, to slip away from memory and use, while the 
man's proficiency lies in pursuits that seem to have no relation to 
college at all. Of course, one can easily see how truly a part of 
this shrinkage, perhaps the great bulk of it, must needs be so. 
The student's undergraduate course is largely sampling and trying; 
in the variety of studies that are prescribed for him he is learning 
not only some rudiments of them but many important elements 
of his own tastes and aptitudes. By means of these studies he 
is finding himself. For some lines of learning he has jio taste at all ; 
they go into his system and remain inert, or perhaps work like a 
disease which on exposure he "takes," which runs its course mildly 
or severely, and thereafter leaves him immune. For other lines 
he has a native aptitude, and they easily pass from the sampling 
stage to the joy of the specialty. For still others he discovers an 
interest and finds in them a value undreamed of before; they bring 
out certain deeper elements which may count for much in his later 
life of liberal culture; if he does not go into further reaches of spe- 

82 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

cialized learning they are what make his college life Avorth while. 
But the average graduate cannot use many of these to independent 
and original purpose. They remain in his reminiscence as things 
which he has "taken" and "passed," and for the most part he has 
merely a diploma to show for it. A few are vital. The rest, — 
well there is no call to judge harshly. There may be more ves- 
tiges left than we are aware; and no knowing when, or how, 
the germs may spring into life again and go on to untold en- 

Still, it seems a pity that so much of the curriculum should have 
to be sacrificed for so little net result. Every scholarly educator 
has asked if there is not some remedy; if, as in intensive farming, 
some greater yield cannot be had from the tremendous acreage of 
the plowed and sown. I was thinking the matter over the other 
day, when I happened upon the announcement of the New York 
Times Book Review, giving their working principle: "Books as 
news." Here, I reflected, is a suggestion both for teacher and stu- 
dent in our enterprise of learning. After all, that is what we want 
to get about the publications of the day, — simply the news. We 
get distrustful of publishers' puffery of their wares ; who knows but 
they want to sell us a gold brick .'^ We get tired of that tone of 
criticism which assumes to know more about the subject than the 
writer who has laid out years of research and meditation on it; 
who knows but the critic is merely exploiting himself? It is the 
news that we are after. If we have the news, fairly and intelli- 
gently told, we can judge for ourselves whether we want to buy 
or not, and the book itself does the rest. The analogy holds in 
Learning as News. As the review has, as it were, conducted us to 
the spot where we can judge the outside of the book, so the true 
spirit of learning takes us to the inside, to the centre from which 
we can build our scholarly edifice constructively. From there on- 
ward our whole work is a voyage of discovery, full of the zest of 
new things and of new meanings in old things. We lose the whole 
worth of it by approaching our work either for the sake of som^e 
shallow veneer of culture or in the superior attitude of the critical 
high-brow. It is as news that learning appeals to us on equal terms; 
neither claiming adulation as dictator nor patronage as suppliant, 
but imparting of her stores as benefactor and friend. It is worth 


much strenuous self -culture for us, teacher, student, alumnus alike, 
to get and maintain this feeling toward learning. We do well in our 
interpretations of life to reduce things to terms simpler and more 
familiar, — that is the sound principle. But it takes off the dull- 
ness and inertia of our quest to reduce things also to more interesting 
terms — to values with zest in them. Stevenson has expressed it 
for the teacher and author, but the student can appropriate it as 
well. "Let us teach people," he says, "as much as we can, to 
enjoy, and they will learn for themselves to sympathize; but let us 
see to it, above all, that we give these lessons in a brave, vivacious 
note, and build the man up in courage while we demolish its sub- 
stitute, indifference." This is neither puffery nor criticism; it is 
giving truth and instruction the zest of news. 

To APPROACH learning as news is a simplification of things; it is 
coming back, as it were, to a first principle. Our critical age has 
become stuffed full with learning as doubt and criticism; it has be- 
come self -conceited and sophisticated with its sense of mental clev- 
erness and insight. There is need of such return. And it begins with 
that healthy alertness and curiosity by which every-day men, accord- 
ing to their sphere of interests, add to their stock of facts and truths. 
The zest of news extends through all degrees of culture, from the 
talk of the neighborhood and the reportage of the newspaper up 
to the highest deductions of mind. You can gauge one's learning 
or at least one's respect for learning by it. It may move among 
trivial and ephemeral things; it may stop with the idle fact, of what- 
ever nature, and yet never get wisdom from it; there are infinite 
grades, indeed, between gossip and learning. The Athenians, 
who "spent their time in nothing else but either to tell or to hear 
some new thing," may have been the inquisitive busybodies that 
Demosthenes reproaches them with being; but they we re more than 
gossips, they could appreciate a high class of news and judge it 
from the standpoint of disciplined thought. They were alert and 
responsive, at least; and that is more than can be said of some 
whose chances have been far more rich and varied. It is a pity 
if the standard of live learning in which they habitually moved 
should put us college graduates to the blush. 

The learning whose principles have been grounded in us in 
college may furnish us news all the rest of our lives. We need not 

84 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

be original investigators in it or minute specialists; and yet we 
can appreciate its growth and modifications as the years bring its 
changes, — ^for every department of learning is alive and has the 
interest of life. We can continue to appreciate its life and its 
appeal— the history, the biology, the philosophy, the literature 
which in college opened so many vistas of attractive research. 
We can note "what is doing" in any lines that have interested us; 
can enter into the growth of discovery and opinion and understand 
it in the technical terms that belong to it. Our college course has 
fitted us for this; has put the rudiments of many sciences into our 
hands as a working-tool. In other words, it has enabled us to take 
the news in learning, and to keep it fresh and moving. It is for 
that purpose that it has made its curriculum so varied and com- 
prehensive, so that each type of mind may find its own. We 
cannot retain the information that was given us in the class- 
room, but we can retain the ability to ripen what we have 
and to get more. The whole sphere of the learning that finds us 
is opened as a bureau of news. And so our college course, from 
year to added year, is not merely a reminiscence but a continued 
zest, wherein activities of the study mingle on equal terms with 
the activities of the field and the fraternity, and learning is not an 
outworn drudgery but a voyage of discovery. 

THE Amherst Graduates' Quarterly has passed through 
two full years and one quarter of the third year of a some- 
what experimental, but on the whole, encouraging exist- 
ence. Naturally, when we began we heard it whispered that we 
p, p. could not survive our first year. But to quote our 

rp , red-blooded young American, "we are still in the 

P^ , ring and going strong." Beginning with a very 

modest list of subscribers, we now number between 
fourteen and fifteen hundred. The loyalty and generosity of a very 
few alumni who guaranteed our existence for the first year, was 
renewed and continued for a second year, in spite of a large deficit 
after the first year. But our second year, although closed with a 
deficit of a few hundred dollars, was considered encouraging 
enough to continue on our third lap. In order, however, that the 
Quarterly may advance towards its highest usefulness and in- 
fluence, two important things are needed: First, more subscribers 


(there are over four thousand living alumni and non-graduates 
on the College records); second, more advertisements [there are 
hundreds of alumni in business who could well afford to advertise 
with us — even if (which premise we deny) they derived no material 
benefit therefrom]. 

At this point another member of the editorial board would 
urge a third desideratum : more contributors. To be a contributor 
both increases your own interest and adds to the interest of your 
fellow-graduates. If in response you ask, " What shall I write 
about?" the answer is, Any subject of live interest which your 
life of liberal culture has yielded. Our cooperative ideal for the 
Quarterly is to talk our intellectual interests over with one 
another, and thus add to that stock of news of which the pre- 
ceding editorial speaks. 

One of our contemporaries has been materially helped by entire 
classes having subscribed as a unit — guaranteeing 100 per cent, 
of paid subscriptions, and defraying any deficit out of the class 
treasury. Why is not this example worth while in regard to your 
own College and its only Alumni publication? If this were carried 
out in good measure — and we believe Amherst spirit can and will 
do it — the future success of the Quarterly is assured. Will you 
help along a good plan? 

86 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



EDUCATION is older then democracy. But new ideas that 
are destined to hold their own in the higher life of the race 
will inevitably modify our most ancient conceptions. They 
lead us to discover what in the old is lasting, what temporary. This 
is a law of mental growth, and it is illustrated by nothing better 
than by the moulding or destructive action of the modern con- 
ception of democracy, — an action that is apparent wherever we 

The fundamental ideals of democracy are, I believe, imperisha- 
bly sound; and we can do nothing wiser than to combine the per- 
manent elements of both education and democracy. But, in this 
combination, we should remember that the reverse of the apper- 
ceptive thought just hinted at is also true: old ideas should not 
yield too easily to the new; they also should have a moulding 
effect upon what may be denominated as modern. Not every- 
thing that is called democracy is wise or permanent. 

Wliat is true of education in general holds good for that phase 
of education which we sum up in the term culture. In the time- 
honored principles of a cultural education there are permanent 
elements as well as in democracy. There is, it may be shown, 
no implacable antagonism between the two, when we grasp the 
essential principles of both in one thought. But^ — forgetting 
neither phase of mental growth already mentioned — of the two, 
democracy and culture, democracy is the larger as well as the newer 
and more popular idea, and to it should accordingly be given the 
right to choose the terms of the discussion. We need, that is, a 
definition of culture which is entirely in democratic terms, a defi- 
nition which no freeman, to go back to the good old English word, 
can refuse to endorse, and which will be just as acceptable to the 

A good deal of discussion turns upon the value of Latin and 
Greek as a means to higher education. This is likely to lead to 
trivialities; but, even so, there is suggested an opportunity for 


complete agreement where difference is maintained. A democrat, 
so to say, calls these languages dead; the classicist replies by ex- 
plaining that they are fully alive, and bases his defense upon this 
explanation. This, of course, gives the modern at once the ad- 
vantage of position, without regard to any merits of the debate; 
for both admit that the mere past is of too little value to defend. 

This discloses plainly one of the sound instincts of democracy. 
Its interests, when true, lie mainly in the future. Its citizens do 
not look back longingly to a garden of Eden, nor sigh for the time 
when there were giants in the land. They are right: with time 
regarded as the standard for judging, it is the greatest human 
glory to be able to control the future, the limitless unknown. So 
long as its interests remain there, democracy will never be wrecked. 
It will keep its daring, it will make mistakes, it may lose its reck- 
oning for a while, but it will not become completely lost. 

But if this paradise yet to be is not to prove a disappointing 
mirage, the future m.ust always grow out of the past. The enthu- 
siastic democrat absorbed in the future may bring himself to im- 
agine that the future may be uncoupled from the rest of time; 
he does not stop to think that such a future would run wild. The 
ignorant person is often scornful of the treasures of the past; he 
really parades only his ignorance. The culturist has a useful and 
constant task to dispel ignorance and to cool extravagant enthu- 
siasm by showing that the inheritances from the past are neces- 
sary capital for developing the future. But these treasures are 
of all varieties — literature, politics, religion, science, mathemat- 
ics, language, the arts, manual and fine. It is a vandal waste 
of human life to bring up a youth in ignorance of such treasures 
of old. It is like slashing a Rembrandt; those treasures are as 
much lost to him as the painting to the world. 

While the future, in general, is boundless, one's individual future 
must be selective of what in possibility is before one. A person 
cannot be everything, if he is to be somebody. So of the past; 
one cannot be skilled in all the accomplishments of other gener- 
ations. We must select from what has been as well as from what 
is not yet. But in selecting from the past we are not fated in our 
choice; for the individual, as for the race, it is the future that 
determines what in the past is for him of most significance. With 
our mental rather than our physical life in mind, it is true that 

88 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

the future controls our past more than the past controls our future. 
We cannot change the past, indeed, but we can use what of the 
past we choose. But this fact, that one's future determines what 
use shall be made of the past, it must be admonished, does not al- 
low one to rest content with a narrow choice. In this selection, 
the person must remember that he is a social human being as well 
as a desiring, planning individual; he cannot neglect his own hu- 
manity without cramping his individuality. 

With time still in mind, the most ardent classicist and the most 
radical modernist may agree in another essential particular — 
they may both contemn the love of the fleeting moment. The 
mere present, without union with the past or future, is worth 
nothing. But the love of the present is the danger of democracy, 
as of all individuals or nations that look neither before nor after. 
We may shut our eyes to the future, we can forget the past, but 
we cannot then get away from the present. Our bodies are in the 
present, the nerves of themselves know only the now. With either 
the past or the future in our minds, we have authority over the 
present; but with neither it has authority over us. But in its 
proper relation the present cannot be justly scorned or neglected. 
The present is the shifting point between the gone and the coming, 
from which both may be valued, and from which new bearings 
may constantly be made for the future. He is wise who so uses 
the present. We would have a civilization which, to look at, is 
magnificent; but this can happen only because we have had and 
are yet to have a history. 

But the problems of education are not settled best by discuss- 
ing the present, past, and future. Time is a good setting for the 
discussion, but we need to draw away from time in order to get 
a good perspective. Time, moreover, is not essentially a demo- 
cratic term. We need some principles which will comprehend 
both democracy and education, and which, in addition, are not 
affected intrinsically by age. 

The fundamental educational principle of democracy ought 
to be as new as the modern type of society and old enough to be 
classical in the best sense of the word. Such a principle, ancient 
and modern at once, may be found in Plato's theory of education 
as enunciated in the Republic. In his ideal state the rulers were 
to have the most careful training. They were to be educated 


to become "lovers of wisdom" and, as such, they were to attain 
"a knowledge of what is for the interests of each and all the other 
parts of the state"; and the interests of the state were "to be 
the rule of all their actions." This "height of knowledge" was, 
in a phrase, the attainment of a vision of "the whole." 

This ability of the mind to grasp wholes is still recognized as 
the highest human endowment — our ability to control the future 
depends upon it. Philosophers make it their task to comprehend 
in some way the totality of things; reUgion makes a practical 
relation between this sensible and a supersensible world; the 
scientist unites in complete laws myriads of facts of nature. 

But, in one particular, the whole of modern democracy is far 
superior to Plato's whole, broad as was his vision. With him, 
only a select few could become "truly wise" through this view 
of the whole; most men and women were to remain permanently 
in classes, unable to reach, or to hope to reach, complete emanci- 
pation of the mind. Both Plato and Aristotle thought that 
slaves were necessary for the higher pursuits of superior persons. 

To democracy, Plato's whole is only a partial truth, which it 
has rounded into completeness. Our "whole" is based upon a 
far higher estimation of human worth; we do not acknowledge 
any stratified differences in normal human minds; it is beUeved 
that not a select few, but all, may reach the governing principle 
of their lives of having at heart the interests of all. 

This principle of universal interest in all human beings is the 
greatest gain of recent over earher times. It is the best new 
basis for education or, indeed, for human advancement. But, 
though it is democratic to its inmost meaning, its real significance 
has been caught sight of so recently in history that it is used 
very imperfectly as a basis for guiding conduct and thought. 
If it be asked, for instance, who are included in the common phrase, 
"the people," w^e must answer, all the people; but this answer 
can scarcely be realized without reference to the conception of 
time which was dismissed a short space above. "The people" 
are not primarily the persons living in the present; they are more 
truly those who are to come in the future, for they are so much 
more numerous; the people include, as well, all those who have 
gone before us, whose deeds and thoughts have helped to make 
democracy the hope that it is today. No person that is willing 

90 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

to overthrow ruthlessly the institutions that have come to us 
from the fathers can claim to have the democratic spirit in sin- 
cerity and in truth; and no one who does not dare to abandon 
a time-worn practice that has lost its usefulness, in order to ad- 
vance the interests of the present or future generations, is truly 

A democracy, so understood, is, again, an amplification and 
a reahzation of the classic sentiment. Homo sum; humani nihil 
a me aliemim puto — ^because I am a human being, I think that 
every other human being, every human characteristic, every 
human need and desire have for me a deep concern. This is 
the union of the democratic and the cultural spirit. Yes, democ- 
racy, with its wholeness and its human sympathy, is unavoidably 
cultural. Wliatever institutions or systems of thought are reared 
upon it are also cultural, however much the new constructions may 
seem to differ from what other generations or peoples have done. 

Such is the first principle of a cultural education which is at 
once democratic and classical, ancient and modern. It is the 
duty of those who hope for the perfection of the human race, 
to see to it that this social spirit, this interest in all mankind, 
is attained by all. That education may be termed cultural, 
as distinguished from other phases of education, which directly 
aims to do this, and those studies cultural which purposely tend 
to cultivate this spirit, or to investigate its nature and relation- 
ships. Our people have always liked to think that there is, to 
this end, no course of studies necessarily prescribed. They love 
to think that from every spot where a human being is located, 
whatever may be his environmental conditions, from that spot 
is a path to the love of other human beings. To say that there 
is no path is to doom them permanently to intellectual death; 
to say that this cannot be attained without certain studies is 
to advocate intellectual snobbishness; and snobbishness and 
culture of this type are implacably hostile. Americans are proud 
of their self-made men, who have reached real mental freedom. 
They will not admit that Lincoln is an entirely isolated case, 
due to a divinely endowed genius, which cannot be reproduced 
in other men and women. 

One of the objects of an advanced cultural education is to 
investigate the best means for inculcating this social spirit in 



the young and also in the mature, who for any reason have been 
retarded in acquiring it. This is a broader task than the cultural 
education of a generation ago. It allows for a permanency of 
principle and a variety of method, detail, and application, which 
unceasingly gives it the zest of freshness. 

A second object of such education is to show that all the activi- 
ties of life are related to this idea and are wasteful unless unified 
by this one comprehensive principle. Here, again, the details 
of the investigation are endlessly new, although the same constant 
problem. With increasing complexity of civilization and division 
of labor in all fields of endeavor, this unification becomes increas- 
ingly difficult. But — this suggests the permanent necessity of 
a cultural education — progress of society depends upon keeping 
this unity. 

A third object is to show the relation of all other principles 
of education to this, and to disclose wherein lesser principles 
fall short of or are completed by it. Such a principle is efficiency, 
now, possibly, more in the minds of all classes of persons than 
any other educational idea. 

Efficiency, it is to be noticed, is as natural to our democracy 
as equality. It was first introduced into America by Captain 
John Smith; efficiency was demanded by the natural environment, 
which had to be controlled before homes could be established; 
it is now as necessary, since the western coast has turned us back 
upon ourselves and is forcing us to a more intensive and intelligent 

Efficiency is, also, a valuable complement of the more general 
social principle. It is commonly said of those who sound the 
praises of fraternity, that they tend to run into inane sentimen- 
tality. Those who cry efficiency are not of this type; they are 
hard-headed, active persons, who are praised and who praise 
others, because they "do things." To attempt to belittle effi- 
ciency is to run counter to our natural vigor. Still more, effi- 
ciency, as a standard, is older than Plato's thought of the whole; 
it is older than the Iliad, the story of the efficient warrior; it is 
as old as the first human beings, who had to defend with crude 
weapons themselves and their families from the wild beasts. 
On the basis of efficiency all peoples have judged their great men. 
So were estimated Demosthenes, Pericles, and Praxiteles, Cicero 


92 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

and Caesar, Charlemagne, Napoleon, and Washington. Let us 
not hesitate to admit that efficiency is a permanent educational 
principle. The advocates of Latin and Greek as the chief means 
to culture, moreover, have always claimed that these studies 
cannot be mastered without efficient mental action. Modernist 
and classicist again meet here in agreement. 

But efficiency is an incomplete principle, after all; it cannot 
be its own standard. Art for art's sake, and virtue for virtue's 
sake, are intelligible phrases; but efficiency for efficiency's sake 
is a blind rule. Activity for the sake of activity is child's play, 
unsuited to rational adults, except for purposes of recreation. 
Nor does the expenditure of much force constitute efficiency; 
Napoleon's army expended more energy during the campaign 
to Moscow than during that of Marengo. An efficient act is 
one that accomplishes the end intended, but, with efficiency as 
the only standard, that end may be either large or small, good or 
bad. The champion prize-fighter, the ward heeler that elects 
his man, are entirely efficient according to their own standard. 
If we should accept efficiency for efficiency's sake, we should have 
to admire them as much as a statesman with international 

In order to make efficiency the useful principle that it may be, 
it is necessary to keep in mind along with it the view of the whole. 
When we are wise, we wish to know how we can best spend our 
time, how we can best put to use our abilities and conditions. This 
can be determined in actuality only by the serviceableness of our 
acts to society; and in proportion as our vision is broad, in that 
proportion are we able to reach satisfactory decisions. Having 
decided what we are to do, we have then to execute our thought. 
Here efficiency has to be applied; it is the principle of execution. 

Logically, the lesser principle is included in the larger, when the 
latter is sincerely held. But life is not logic, practically. We have 
to emphasize and apply now this thought, now that, before we 
realize their true relations. Our country is now displaying stu- 
pendous activity and talking efficiency. Whither is it all tending .^^ 
Some persons, possibly, can foresee; but — this is the important 
question — do the actors themselves realize the end? If they 
keep in mind the thought of all, they do; if they neglect this har- 
monizing principle, the result will be — what history everywhere 


teaches — an iaharmonious clash, a readjustment, and a fresh 
start. The path of progress can be made more straight by keeping 
in sight the light of this one principle of the whole. 

The two, together, make a practically complete basis for human 
development. Together, they lack nothing of the ideal, nothing 
of the practical. The idea of the whole is of the mind — a guide 
for thought, universal; efficiency is for the body, through which 
we perform all that we do. The two are in harmony with demo- 
cratic tendencies, but are, besides, the enduring elements of every 
system of education that has ever been. In a certain sense, the 
mind of man never changes, but its constant reaction upon an 
ever changing environment produces manifold effects. So, in a 
sense, a true education never changes; its fundamental elements 
remain the same throughout all time; but their application varies 
to suit the shifting environment of nature and society. 

Democracy is not a method for changing the nature of man, but 
a means for developing the eternal possibilities of mankind. The 
process of culture may be described in precisely the same words. 
Naturally, it is found that, while their unessential externals have 
at times appeared decidedly unlike, their fundamentals are prac- 
tically identical. Both democracy and culture are found to mean 
the broadest possible vision, which must include all human kind; 
and both exclude applications that do not attain the highest 

In brief, then, the function of the cultural part of education is 
to preserve in active operation the greatest ideas the race has so 
far developed. This can be done completely only by getting them 
accepted by every individual. Democracy has helped us to see 
clearly some of the most important of these ideas; and chief est 
of these I have named efficiency and a broad-visioned equality — 
the claim upon our interest of all human souls. 

94 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



ANTICIPATED as the day that ends 
The steady happy course of fellowship, 
Scholastic problems, sport and merry quip,- 
Four years that bring us noble, lasting friends; 
Remembered as the time when life ascends 
To face its work for man with surer grip, 
And sees ahead new realms in which to dip 
With conscious power that grows as it contends. 

A day of mingling past and future hope, 
A day whose sweet associations woo. 

Whose joy of ends attained with lesser strife 
Poretells the truer joy of larger scope 

That comes with sacrificing work to do, — 
Prophetic day of ever growing life. 

"is the college making good?" 95 



OF THE various devices employed by the newspapers and 
magazines to enliven the "dull season" of 1913, not the 
least successful was that of The Outlook, which on August 
16 published an article entitled "Is the College Making Good?" 
by Edward Bok, editor of the prominent educational paper, The 
Ladies' Home Journal. College teachers who had almost for- 
gotten, in the northern wilderness or by the cooling sea, that any 
such things existed as college problems, and who could not yet 
hear, even afar off, the trumpet-call of the September reveille, were 
roused from their peace, annoyed, perturbed, and heated to a 
temperature otherwise unknown in a fairly tolerable summer. 
Attacks upon the efficiency of the colleges, too common to be 
seriously disturbing, are taken as "a part of the day's work," 
during the college year; but if the enemy is to introduce the 
fashion of battle in the season hitherto consecrated to peace, 
where shall rest be found by the weary? It is to be assumed that 
to the disturbance and heat caused by this thought was due some- 
what of the lack of ceremony in the defense and counter-attack. 

The substance of Mr. Bok's charge is this. In 1912 he had sent 
a letter to each of the students about to be graduated from the 
six leading women's colleges, asking what, in her opinion, college 
had done for her physically, socially, and intellectually. From 
the answers received "one hundred letters were taken as a basis 
to see how these graduates, about to go out into the world after 
sixteen years of schooling and drilling, would stand in a simple 
test for composition, grammar, spelling, punctuation, and more 
particularly to examine the thought and the quality of English. " 

The result of the examination was that not a single letter was 
absolutely correct, by the test mentioned; that only three could 
be ranked between 90 and 100, and that more than one-third 
failed to reach the passing-mark of 70. "The chief trouble was 
in spelling," "punctuation was practically thrown to the winds," 
"crude and illegible handwriting" was frequent; as to grammar 

96 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

"the results were astonishing." Conclusion — that something 
must be fundamentally wrong with our educational system. 

In 1913, Mr. Bok applied a similar test to the 1913 graduates of 
the five leading men's colleges. The letters received were better 
than those from the girls. "They are fair," writes Mr. Bok. 
"But it cannot be truthfully said that they are excellent, or what 
we have a right to expect from a four years' course at college and 
at least twelve years' previous training. " 

Thus, he claims, the very least thing that a collegiate education 
should do for a student — teach him simple good writing, spelling 
and grammar- — it does not do. WTiio, then, shall blame the parent 
that asks, "What benefit is there in an academic college course 
for my son who is preparing for a business career?" The results 
obtained from an examination of these letters, acknowledges 
Mr. Bok, are, to be sure, only "straws"; but straws show the way 
the wind blows, "and," he concludes, "judging from these straws, 
the wind seems to be blowing a little bit 'sou'-sou'west,' in the 
direction of a negative answer to the question in the title of this 

Now there was nothing new or unusual in this attack, with 
which the college teacher has a long-standing and familiar acquain- 
tance, save that, as delivered by Mr. Bok, it was unusually ineflfi- 
cient and vulnerable. That it received so many replies in the 
newspapers, in periodicals like The Nation, in The Outlook itself, 
must be ascribed to the aforementioned heat and perturbation — 
or to something else. The defense was as usual: It is not the 
business of the college, but of the elementary and secondary 
schools to teach composition, spelling and punctuation; it is not 
the function of the college to teach the elementary principles of 
business life and business methods ; it is the function of the college 
to give the liberal culture that creates dissatisfaction with our 
actual "practical" life of largely meaningless, wasteful, and selfish 
activity. Then the counter-attack, alluring and certain. What 
deficiency in logic, to reason that because a college student cannot 
spell or write grammatically his college has not "made good" in 
giving him knowledge, training and character, far more important! 
What absurdity in attacking the colleges for not teaching boys 
and girls to "know how to say what they mean, " when the mature 
and practised Mr. Bok in his very attack, by his turgid, hetero- 


"is the college making good?" 97 

geneous sentences, his slovenly and incorrect diction, his grammati- 
cal errors, even, shows that he too does not know how to say what 
he means! 

Bew^ildered by the vigor of this defense and counter-assault, 
even the editors of The Outlook, in an endeavor loyally to support 
their contributor, were led into putting into his mouth things he 
had not said, and giving half his case away. As umpires of the 
conflict, they declared, "We find nothing in the criticisms made 
which controverts effectively Mr. Bok's main contentions — that 
a college-bred man should write good English, that a knowledge 
of one's own language is the very basis of all education, and that 
the secondary schools, because of the pressure by colleges for high 
examination standards in other branches, are not sending boys 
up to college with the training in English which they should get 
in the schools. " 

And here, since most of Mr. Bok's charge against the college has 
been transferred to the secondary schools, and what remains is not 
directed against the English department, the college teacher of 
English might breathe a sigh of relief — and go to sleep again. 

But in that sleep what dreams do come ! The college teacher of 
English knows that the victory is empty, that, whatever the defi- 
ciencies of the attack, so far as English teaching is concerned the 
cause was just. He knows that a large majority of the graduates 
of our colleges cannot write mechanically correct, respectable 
English. He may, or he may not, hold himself partly responsible 
for the fact; but, if he is worthy of the name of teacher, he cannot 
remain content with it. He may, or he may not, believe that the 
blame should be laid elsewhere than upon the college; but he can- 
not help eagerly desiring to find a way by which the college may 
assist to remove the cause of blame. It is truly a condition and 
not a theory that confronts him; and whatever the correct theory 
of educational progress in English he is more interested in remedy- 
ing the condition. 

His first necessity is an adequate knowledge of the whole condi- 
tion. As he begins to trace the first steps of the child he realizes 
that the enterprise of learning English is one of unique and enor- 
mous difficulty. It is the assumption of nearly all men, including 
those teachers who do not teach English, that because English is 
the pupil's native tongue, English is the easiest thing to teach 

98 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

him. The teacher of English knows that for this very reason the 
exact contrary is true. Before the days of school begin, for some 
three years, the child is acquiring the English of his family and of 
the family servants. In nine-tenths of our families and from nearly 
all servants he hears an incorrect, slovenly, more or less ungram- 
matical English, and by the time he goes to school he has acquired 
habits of speech which can be eradicated only by very great and 
long-continued labor, if at all. During his school years he learns 
most of his English, his habitual and practical speech, outside the 
schoolroom; and, what is worse, he wwlearns outside, in the com- 
pany of his comrades and of his family, a large part of what he 
learns within. Rarely does his speech receive correction from 
elder or parent, and of what he writes, no one save his teacher takes 
any notice. He does, it is true, learn much in school, but what he 
learns outside and becomes habituated to, is precisely that which 
defeats the attempt to teach him the habit of a mechanically cor- 
rect and grammatical English, 

Of the teaching of English in the grade and secondary schools, 
let this be said emphatically : The college teacher who really knows 
the conditions will have to confess that the teaching of English 
composition is as efficient in the schools as in the college, and often 
more so; that the devotion and faithfulness to the work are greater. 
It is true that the results are inadequate, that a knowledge of how 
to secure results and how to measure them is rarer in this subject 
than in almost any other; but the same is true in college. If the 
task in the school seems almost impossible, it is made so by the 
same factor as in college. 

For by this time the investigator is aware that the chief cause 
of defeat really lies outside the school and the college. The Ameri- 
can people do not write or speak correct English, nor do they care 
to do so. The habitual speech and writing of the vast majority, 
including the school-bred, is far below any standard tolerable to 
one who is really educated in English. Test it, you who read these 
words, in any circle with which you come in contact. How many 
of your acquaintances write excellently as regards mere mechanical 
correctness in spelling, punctuation, grammar, and the power to 
say simply and clearly what they mean? How many speak habitu- 
ally an excellent English, grammatical, free from slang, clear in 
meaning? And how many "simple, intelligent, correctly spelled, 

"is the college making good?" 99 

grammatical business letters" do you receive? One is tempted 
to say that, like miracles, they do not happen. Certainly, they 
are so rare as to convince one that the vast business of this vast 
America has gained and holds its success without them. 

A low standard of spoken and written English prevails among all 
but the very well educated ; and it is to this standard, tremendously 
powerful, constantly exerting its influence against the influence 
of the schoolroom, so limited in scope and in time, that the pupil 
unconsciously tends to conform even while in school, and to which 
he does conform when, and after, he is out of it. That is what 
the school teacher of English has to combat. He fights a fight 
laid upon no other teacher; it is a marvel that he wins so far. 
Improvement of teaching, extension of time, cannot make him 
wholly victor. Somehow or other the pupil and the pupil's circle 
must be made to care. 

The college teacher, then, who is familiar with school conditions, 
whatever his beliefs or hopes as to added accomplishment in the 
schools, will recognize not only that they do not now, but cannot 
for a long time, fulfil the task that he would like to lay wholly 
upon them. If the college graduate is to write English respectably, 
the colleges must accept the obligation; they merit all the blame 
that is cast upon them, if they do not. 

The first part of this obligation, one which it might be expected 
by all to recognize and accept, is that it should preach, and do all 
in its power to foster, a higher national standard in the workaday 
English of the people. If a low popular standard causes such 
diflSculty in the educational process of the schools, and the defects 
of this process are largely or partly responsible for the poor Eng- 
lish of college students, who should be so eager as the college to 
raise this standard? Might it not be expected also that in the 
college itself, of all places, there should reign a standard of the 
highest; that it should seek to impress its students with the power, 
the beauty, the sacredness of English pure and undefiled; should 
teach them that poor English is disloyalty to all the ideals of culture 
and, to be "practical," that it is ineflScient and unserviceable? 
But where is the college that, as a college, is eagerly trying to 
raise the popular standard or really maintains a high standard of 
its own? Departments of English may do so, but to them the 
other departments, the college as a whole, willingly resign the task. 

100 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

In their view, it is the task of a department, not that of a college. 
Few, besides the teachers of English, give their assent to the propo- 
sition of The Outlook "that a knowledge of one's own language is 
the very basis of all education"; or if they assent, they do not 
interpret "knowledge" as a knowledge above a very low standard, 
not high enough to secure even the mechanically correct, respect- 
able English for which Mr. Bok calls, and they do not interpret 
"basis" as an indispensable foundation without which no educa- 
tion worthy of the name can be built. \Aliy should they? Are 
there not college professors, "well-educated" and highly reputed 
men, who neither speak nor write a truly respectable English? 
And how should the student, then, fail to think that the standard 
set by his teachers of English is exaggerated, unnecessarily high 
for the "practical " man, who is not to pursue a literary calling, but 
a business or at most a business-like professional life? The atti- 
tude of other departments and the success and standing of other 
professors is for him convincing. And this attitude is supported 
and strengthened by the attitude of the college government, the 
trustees and faculty. \Miat college really makes the writing of 
good English a condition for the reception of its B. A. or B. S. 
degree? Other conditions and requirements there are. In Am- 
herst College, for instance, every student must pass an examination 
that proves his possession of a good knowledge of two foreign 
languages, both modern or one modern and one ancient, before 
he may receive his degree; but there is no examination that requires 
the proof of his ability to write respectable English. There is, 
indeed, no requirement that he shall study any English at all after 
his Freshman year. 

So that the English teaching of the colleges, as of the schools, 
is immensely hampered by the influence of a standard far lower 
than that of the department, a standard far more influential than 
it with the eight-tenths of the students whom it is most necessary 
to educate in English, a standard accepted by them, and rightly, 
as the standard of the college. So long as it is the standard of the 
college it is quite certain that the college will not "make good" in 
sending forth graduates of nearly all of whom it may be said that 
they write respectable English. 

But it may be claimed that an efficient English department 
should, in spite of these exterior difficulties, be able to produce the 

"is the college making good?" 101 

results desired. Let us then consider the difficulties within the 
department. The boys that enter college, it might be thought, 
should be found both better trained already, and more responsive 
to training, than those who have not prepared for college. This 
is the case with a few, and, it may be said, as set-off to the opinion 
that their education in English has been scanted because of the 
too heavy requirements of the colleges in the other departments, 
that these few are generally boys who have received excellent 
training in the classics. At the threshold, most colleges interpose 
a barrier in the form of a statement to the effect that no student's 
examination paper in English will be considered satisfactory if 
seriously defective in punctuation, spelling, or other essentials of 
good usage. Attempts more or less successful to enforce this 
requirement are doubtless made in the colleges that admit by exam- 
ination only. At Harvard, for example, it is known, the entrance 
examination in English is found the most difficult to pass. But 
it is equally well known that many men who write an English seri- 
ously defective in the essentials of good usage are graduated from 
Harvard, as from other colleges. In the large number of colleges 
which, like Amlierst, admit upon certificate it is impossible to 
enforce this requirement. In a certificated Freshman class the 
men are found to show a very wide variation in ability to write 
English, and few have really that ability upon which the college 
pretends to insist. 

Here is the job of the college cut out for it. And to handle it, 
the English department is generally allowed a one-year's course 
of three or four hours a week, required of all Freshmen, and in 
this course, probably wisely, much of the time is devoted to the 
study of literature. After this year the courses of the English 
department are elective; and from any composition courses that 
may be given those who need them most escape. Such further 
courses are usually meant only for those of exceptional ability and 
advancement. In the Freshman course the same pass-standard 
must be maintained as is the rule in all the college courses. A 
Freshman who manages barely to obtain a passing mark of 60 
per cent, or even 70 per cent, can hardly be thought to have acquired 
the ability to write good English. No one acquainted with the 
actual conditions will be disposed to maintain that such a required 
course of one year can ever, even with the best of teaching and the 

102 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

most devoted effort, accomplish with many students the desired 

But this best of teaching and faithful effort, it must, perhaps to 
our shame, be said, are very hard to procure. The reading and 
correcting of students' themes, the continued drills in the mere 
mechanics of writing, are a drudgery wearisome beyond compare. 
Few college teachers are content to give themselves wholly to 
this work, and the temptation to neglect and inefficiency are 
enormous. Young instructors, to whom in many colleges this 
work is given over, though mature experience and ripened ability 
are required here if anywhere, may be content to begin their college 
career in this work; but they expect soon to be promoted to the 
teaching of literature, and rebel if the promotion is delayed. 

Under all the circumstances, it is safe to say that in most colleges 
the teaching of English composition is far less well done than the 
teaching of English literature. At all events, it is true that college 
English departments do not bring it to pass that the college " makes 
good" in teaching its students as a body to write "good English. " 

This paper is not meant as an apology for the English depart- 
ment of Amherst College or of any college. Its purpose has been 
to set forth baldly the actual conditions under which the teaching 
of English is carried on in our colleges and schools, and so to show 
that this "very least thing that a collegiate education should do 
for a student" is really about the hardest of all the tasks imposed 
upon it, and that its results in this work are in no sense straws from 
which it is safe to judge whether the college is making good upon 
the whole. 

But the college cannot stop here, with an exposition of the 
difficulties of its task. The task remains. The very existence of 
the college is justified only if it is the clear proclaimer of the ideals 
of intelligence and culture upon which the higher life of our people 
depends, only if it is the loyal servant of these ideals, faithfully 
and eagerly training the chosen youth of our country toward 
realizing these ideals in their own lives and influencing therewith 
the lives of others. Out from the college go the successive genera- 
tions of graduates, uneducated and remaining uneducated in 
English largely because of the influence exerted by the previous 
uneducated generations, to exert in their turn the same baleful 

"is the collegf making good?" 103 

influence upon the generations that follow. Somehow the vicious- 
ness of this circle must be abated, and the circle ultimately con- 
verted into one of beneficent influence. However hard the task, 
however distant its accomplishment, the teaching of college-bred 
men to write good English is the very least thing at which the 
college must aim. For the ability to speak and write good Eng- 
lish, "respectable" English, is a primary and necessary tool, if 
intelligence and culture are to be made efficient. 

If it is to set itself in earnest toward the accomplishment of this 
aim the college must begin by attacking those difficulties which 
itself has created. If the greatest difficulty in the work is the 
fact that the student who most needs training generally cares 
least for it, he must be made to care. If he is strengthened in his 
indifference by the apparent indifference of the college authorities, 
they must adopt regulations which will convince him that the 
college regards good English as a necessity, and will help to create 
that compelling influence which is to make him care. 

The governing bodies of the college, trustees and faculty, must 
proclaim it as the unalterable policy of the college to secure in 
every student the ability to write good English, that tolerable 
minimum of mechanically correct and respectable English alone 
referred to throughout this paper; and they must demand and 
insist upon having loyal devotion to this policy on the part of 
every member of the teaching staff. 

The ability to write good English must be made an unavoidable 
condition for the obtaining of the bachelor's degree. 

Since the ordinary passing-standard of the college is not suffi- 
cient to secure the end desired, English composition courses given 
for the purpose of enabling all students to reach the recognized 
college minimum of accomplishment in English, must be allowed — 
compelled, if necessary — to set a higher standard. 

There must be a system of cooperation between the English 
department and all other departments of the college, in which 
any directing or advising general committee of instruction must 
be a party, by which, without hampering any teacher in his own 
specific business, every student is held up to a certain standard 
of accomplishment in the English of all his work. 

Further, the English department must recognize or be com- 
pelled to recognize, that while all proper courses should be offered 

104 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

and effort made for the advancement of those likely to acquire 
some degree of genuine literary ability, its major obligation is to 
the eight-tenths to whom English is to be merely a necessary means 
to efficiency in their life-work. If more required composition 
courses for deficient students are necessary, the English depart- 
ment should be allowed to give them; and, in general, no student 
should be allowed to escape required work in English at any time 
in his college course until the department is satisfied that he has 
attained the tolerable minimum, or cannot obtain it. 

To do this work the college authorities should provide the 
necessary staff of teachers. Few, if any, college English depart- 
ments are today sufficiently manned for it. Most colleges could 
probably safely and wisely contribute to this necessity by diminish- 
ing the number of literature courses offered; but everywhere some 
increase in the teaching-staff is imperatively demanded. 

And, lastly, this teaching-staff must be composed of the right 
kind of men. Here, the writer has already confessed, is another 
of the greatest difficulties. To find men undismayed and uncor- 
rupted by drudgery and drill, men who value the end as of worth 
high enough to pay for all the work that it costs to attain it, men 
of such pedagogical ability and enthusiasm as will reduce the 
wearisomeness of the drudgery to the lowest possible limits, and 
carry them and their students triumphantly over the long trail — 
there is the rub. But drudgery and drill are not to be found in 
the English department alone. In nearly all departments men 
are doing such work uncomplainingly and faithfully. In our 
schools thousands of teachers are doing work which in itself brings 
no spiritual or intellectual reward, but only the reward that lies 
in the attainment of professional success and in the life of the 
taught. Such men there must be for service in the English depart- 
ments of our colleges; if they are not to be found, the colleges and 
universities must raise them up. And meanwhile by distribution and 
sharing of labors we must make shift with the kind of men we have. 

"And when will all these reforms be made?" asks with a smile 
the skeptical critic of the efficiency of our colleges. Who knows? 
But this is sure: these or most of them are the price that will 
have to be paid before a collegiate education does do what Mr. 
Bok rightly declares to be assumed in the mind of the average 
parent as the very least a college education should do for a student, 
— teach that student simple good writing of his native tongue. 




THIS morn I heard the hermit thrush 
Within the heart of our deep wood, 
And straight from out my mind did rush 
All sense of things that round me stood; 
And I was back upon a lawn 
Among the Pelham Hills at dawn, 
A-gypsying with thee. 

One star remains in all the sky, 

Unpaled by Phoebus' distant car. 
The httle birds that sang hard by 

Upon a sudden cease, and far 
From down the forest's waking throat 
There comes to us a wondrous note, 

A thrilHng note to us ! 

A note of love so liquid clear. 

It seems more perfect than its theme; 
A note of joy that day is near. 

Of primal freedom such I deem 
As men at dawn can only know 
Who sleep beneath the stars and go 

A-gypsying alway. 

We rise from off the ground and stay 

The breath to catch each note that marks 

The measures of this wilding lay, 
More sober than the song of larks. 

More buoyant than the song of wren, 

And sweeter than the songs of men: 
Far sweeter than their songs ! 

The star grows dim, the east is bright. 

As space behind the sun-god falls; 
The song is stilled, and gone the night, 

When, hark ! the song or echo calls 
As now came back from whence 'twas gone 
The memory of thee at dawn 

A-gypsying with me. 

106 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



IN AMHERST circles there has been much discussion of the 
college. Its methods, its aims, its personnel — everything, 
with the possible exception of its definition, has been churned 
over many times, and still seems to bear churning. The chief 
conclusion at which the layman can arrive after such discussion 
is that something is the matter, that the college is unsatisfactory. 
In this belief those interested in Amherst have only shared the 
wider unrest. Educators state that the college does not educate, 
that it fails to lead men up to new levels of living, that college 
instruction imparts information without vitalizing it. Men of 
affairs say that the college puts men out of touch with life, that it 
makes them too "theoretical." Ministers tell us that college grad- 
uates seem to have been alienated from the civic, and particularly 
from the religious, activities of their home towns. And in the 
maze of various opinions, and some knowledge, one might welter 
hopelessly, all for the lack of the basic, essential point of view. 
It would seem as though the correct point of view from which to 
study the college as an institution is to be found in that distinct 
field, known as "Education." Not from the standpoint of the 
man interested only in language and literature, history, physical 
science, or philosophy can a correct estimate of the college be made. 
"Education" is a separate department in our larger universities, 
a field as specific, as scientific, requiring as thorough a training, as 
any one of the above-named disciplines. Whatever other light may 
be thrown on the subject by the specialists in each of the first- 
mentioned fields of study, the interested layman naturally turns 
to the expert in the field of education for assistance in deciding 
the issues involved. From the educator, the man trained in the 
science of education, he hopes to secure those underlying, funda- 
mental principles by which the various questions may be adjudi- 
cated. Turning a deaf ear for the moment to the clamor of the 
witnesses and the jurymen, he would address himself to the judge. 
He must turn to the field of "Education," and take and use the 


principles that experts in that field have studied out and are using. 
If in this field he cannot find any light on the question of the defi- 
nition, function and scope of the college, where can he hope to 
find it? 

The modern movement in education is suggested by the titles 
of recent books, "Education and National Character," "The Un- 
folding Life," "Education and the Larger Life," and others. It 
repudiates entirely that conception of education to which the 
Cambridge man referred when he remarked that an Oxford edu- 
cation enabled a man to allude gracefully to a great variety of 
subjects. It makes education a great process, coextensive with the 
life-process. In his recent book on " Education," Professor Thorn- 
dike starts out by stating that anything, idea, object, situation, 
or personality, which changes the human personality, is to such 
an extent educative. President Butler says, "Education is part 
of the life-process. It is the adaptation of a personal, self-con- 
scious being to evironment, and the development of capacity in a 
person to modify or control that environment."^ Thus education 
is not simply a phase of life limited to the schoolroom; it is the 
effect of all the elements of experience acting upon human beings. 
This position effects important changes in the older practice which 
implied that education and instruction were synonymous. In the 
first place, education is a larger term than instruction. "For 90 
per cent, of our people, character receives greater stimulus and is 
more largely and continuously influenced and determined in agen- 
cies which we do not think of as at all educational. The great 
universities for American people after all, are the farms, the stores, 
and the workshops. "^ 

In the second place, instruction— the passing on of ideas from 
one mind to another— is by no means a satisfactory or vital proc- 
ess; in short, it does not of itself educate. "Words about things 
may or may not produce the desired tendencies to respond cor- 
rectly to the things themselves. There are certain elements of 
knowledge, certain tendencies to response, which can be got only 

■ " Breadth of the Modern View of Education. N. M. Butler, Educational Review, 
Dec, 1899, p. 425. 

2 " Character Development Through Social Living." H. F. Cope, Religious Education, 
Vol. 4. 401. 

108 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

by direct experience of real things, qualities, events, and relations. 
. . . The original and fundamental form of learning, in the 
child, and in the animal kingdom as a whole, is by connecting 
actual movements of the body with the situations which life 
offers."' Dr. Dewey says on this point, "The assumption that 
information which has been accumulated apart from use in the 
recognition and solution of a problem, may later on be freely em- 
ployed at will by thought, is quite false. "^ Along the same line 
Dr. Coe says, "Development, rather than instruction, is, there- 
fore, the central idea in education. . . , Moreover, instruction 
is not necessarily educative at all; for it may issue in increase of 
knowledge, without any increase of self. Instruction is truly 
educative, only when it contributes to self-development."^ In 
brief, imparting information is not instilling wisdom. The ten- 
dency of progressive thinkers is to maintain that a man is 
educated, not by being informed or instructed, but by acting a 
situation through, by thinking his way through a problem; in 
short, by functioning in the stream of experience. 

Through all the discussions one finds the social and moral aim 
of education emphasized. President King, in his inaugural ad- 
dress, said that the college had as its sphere, "the training of minds 
to act influentially, as leaven in the life of society." President 
Nichols, in his inaugural suggested that "while moral power is 
latent in all active intellectual discipline, modern education needs 
to be permeated with the sense of social obligations." The modern 
movement demands the bringing out of the latent possibilities of 
the person educated; the effecting of complete, spontaneous self- 
realization. There is less than there used to be of the idea of 
information passed out to the student or of instruction to be ac- 
cepted on authority. Its methods emphasize physical and mental 
activity on the part of the individual, directed by the teacher. 
It endeavors to effect the alignment of the interests of the indi- 
vidual with those of the body social; to arouse in the individual 
creative activity that is socially directed. Modern education is 
vital, social, ethical. In short, it aims at character. 

' " Education." Thorndike, pp. 176 and 185. 

2 " How We Think." Dewey, p. 53. 

' " Education in Religion and Morals." Coe, p. 106. 



The application of this modern idea of education to the college 
makes an important requirement, namely, that the college define 
and hold before itself the modern educational aim. At present 
there are two great obstacles to this. In the first place, the col- 
lege is not sure of its aim. It is debating whether "Knowledge" 
or "Character" should be its educational goal. Under various 
guises one finds this issue ever present in discussions. In the sec- 
ond place, admitting that "Knowledge" does not comprise in 
toto the aim of the college, there is opposition to the word "Char- 
acter" as failing to embody the college's undoubted intellectual 
function. If these two obstacles were better understood, there 
would be little difficulty in persuading the college to identify its 
ideal with that of modern education, 

A fair example of the controversy over the question as to whether 
the aim of the college is "Knowledge" or "Character" is that 
which appeared in this quarterly a little over a year ago. In order 
to illustrate what is involved in such a discussion, both men will 
be quoted. By examining their disagreement we may be able to 
find the real issue involved. An article by Prof. F. J. E. Wood- 
bridge, '89, of Columbia University, entitled "The Enterprise of 
Learning, ' ' ^ stated : 

"Character is far better than marks, but not in a college, just as it is far better 
than the ability to swim, but not when you are in the water. . . . We should 
like to see [the college] pursuing knowledge, not with the purpose of incidentally 
imparting sound information about history, literature, and the progress of science 
and philosophy, but for the purpose of turning such information into a powerful 
stimulus to intellectual conquests and creative activity; . . . making young 
people essentially intelligent and accidentally good, so that there may be a fair 
chance that their goodness will be rational goodness, and not merely instinctive 
and emotional goodness." 

Dr. Cornelius H. Patton, '83, having discussed this article at 
lunch with a group of college professors, says : 

"If it is simply a question of emphasis, as between mental discipline and what 
you call the outside interests, including character building, then I am not inclined to 
take issue with you. If, however, it is not a matter of emphasis, butof aim in modem 
education, then there are statements in your article which cut across some of my 

1 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, Oct., 1911, p. Icff. 

110 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

most cherished ideals. On page 15, where you are giving us what amounts to an 
educational creed, you say: 'He frankly believes in the intellectual life as a better 
life for man than any other. He holds to the conviction that it is far more im- 
portant to make young people intelligent, rationally alert and inquisitive, blest 
with a buoyant and trained imagination, than it is to make them efficient or to 
make them good.' On the same page you state, 'He is assured that the world suf- 
fers more from ignorance and folly than it does from vice and crime.' Now the 
above statements put forth absolutely, as they are here, suggest to me the inquiry 
whether your ideal of education is not Greek rather than Christian. Does it not 
imply that the intellect is supreme in man rather than the spirit? It I gained any- 
thing at Amherst, it was that man must be considered primarily as a spiritual being. 
. . . Should not this conception of human personality dominate our educational 

Possibly because he feels that a precious ideal is being destroyed, 
Dr. Patton fails to note Dr. Woodbridge's explanation of the "in- 
tellectual life," which, to be sure, is not very clearly stated. Dr. 
Woodbridge repudiates an intellectualism of the kind that teaches 

"that theories of perception and of the way the mind acquires knowledge point 
out the road to salvation, or that the essence of all philosophy is at last this, — that 
the world of our experience is the only real world, or that the outcome of our intel- 
lectual striving is the confession of ignorance." 

Of such a view, he remarks that it is not surprising that some 
people should come to the point of insisting 

"that education should be practical and provide young people with the kind of 
knowledge they will find useful in their future undertakings." 

Later, in a rather hidden passage, he gives his idea of the intel- 
ligent man, a man — who, looking out upon the world, saw 

" not the constitution of things, but a prospect. His first questions were not, WTiy 
does yonder sun shine self-poised aloft, or yonder rivers flow along their course? 
He asked rather after the morrow and what lies beyond the enclosing trees. Hence- 
forth paradise discontented him. He felt equipped for an enterprise. He would 
attain an ampler existence than he discovered his to be. Forth he went, not to 
live in accordance with nature, but to subdue it. At every step, there was borne 
in upon him the realization that his anticipations must be disciplined, not through 
any increment to his instincts and emotions, but through a progressive insight into 
their import, their tendencies, and their efficacy, and through a progressive conquest 
of natural forces. Put in words less figurative, we should say that philosophy is now 
beginning hopefully to recognize that the primary function of the mind is imagina- 
tion. The dawn of intelligence in the world indicated, not, first of all, that some 

^Amherst Graditates' Quarterly, Jan., 1912, p. 118ff. 
Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, Oct., 1911, p. 18. 


one had become aware of its processes, but that some one was taking thought of 
the future. It indicated that these processes would be learned because there had 
first been born the intent to use them. In a cosmic sense it meant that concep- 
tions of the future, ideals attractive and worth while, had now become factors in 
the world to change and transform it, and that the discipline of the imagination 
had become imperative." 

And again in closing he says : 

"Only let them (our colleges) pursue knowledge, not for the primary purpose 
of imparting true and useful information, or of affording some proof and justifica- 
tion of instinctive beliefs, but for the more exalted purpose of keeping the imagi- 
nation awake and creative, and thus holding the mind true to its natural office of 
enlarging the future that the present may be redeemed." 

When we analyze this discussion, we find no issue clearly de- 
fined. Dr. Woodbridge emphasizes the need for creative, imag- 
inative mind; while Dr. Patton fears lest this position fail to take 
the spiritual in man into account. We might sum it up roughly 
by saying that Dr. Woodbridge offers, as the educational aim of 
the college, intelligence that is primarily rational and "accident- 
ally good"; while Dr. Patton would advocate character that is 
primarily good and incidentally rational. The only element that 
does stand out clearly is that each of them feels that both aims, 
"Knowledge" and "Character," are in some way a part of the 
goal of the college education. 

This recognition of both of these aims is so important for the 
development of the subject that we may well look at another 
illustration. In President Meikle John's inaugural address, which 
is on the same general subject, we find a feeling and implication 
that both "Knowledge" and "Character" enter into the educa- 
tional function of the college, but no explicit statement as to how 
they come in. His words are: — 

"Whatever light-hearted undergraduates may say, whatever the opinion of solic- 
itous parents, of ambitious friends, of employers in search of workmen, of leaders in 
church or state or business, — whatever may be the beliefs and desires and demands 
of outsiders, — the teacher within the college, knowing his mission as no one else can 
know it, proclaims that mission to be the leading of hi.s pupil into the life intellectual. 
The college is primarily not a place of the body, nor of the feelings, nor even of the 
will; it is, first of all, a place of the mind."i 

1 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, Vol. II, p. 57. 

112 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

It would perhaps seem as though he were limiting himself to the 
ideal of "Knowledge," but in the course of his address President 
Meiklejohn shows what he means by an "intellectual aim": — 

"But the college is called liberal as against both of these because the instruction 
is dominated by no special interest, is limited to no single human task, but is in- 
tended to take in human activity as a whole, to understand human endeavors not 
in their isolation but in their relations to one another and to the total experience 
which we call the life of our people. . . . When our teachers saj% as they some- 
times do say, that the efiPect of knowledge upon the character and life of the student 
must always be for the college an accident, a circumstance which has no essen- 
tial connection with its real aim or function, then it seems to me that our educational 
policy is wholly out of joint. If there be no essential connection between instruc- 
tion and life, then there is no reason for giving instruction except in so far as it is 
pleasant in itself, and we have no educational policy at all."' 

In these sentences we find that the speaker believes the college 
to have an ethical as well as an intellectual function. But once 
again we recur to the question involved in the Woodbridge-Patton 
controversy — how are these two functions connected in the college? 
Evidently we should be on the wrong track if we started to argue 
for either "Knowledge" or "Character" as opposed to the other; 
for open-minded men realize that both must in some way be 
brought into the theory of college education. How to bring them 
in, is the question. The lack of understanding of the definite 
function of each of these in the college scheme offers the first great 
barrier to a clear definition of the aim of the college, and thus to 
its alignment with the modern movement in education. 


This failure to clarify the relationship between "Knowledge" 
and "Character" results from the lack of definition of the word 
"college." It is often assumed that all persons engaged in the 
discussion have a definite idea as to what the college is. In none 
of the instances previously cited does any of the men define what 
he means by the "college." For purposes of popular conversa- 
tion each man knows perfectly well what the college is, as dis- 
tinct from other institutions. But when it comes to the question 
of the theory of college education, then we must observe the col- 
lege in action, and analyze and define its function in the social 
scheme. When we do this we make an important discovery: 
namely, that two factors enter into the idea of college — the cur- 

1 Amherst Graduata' Quarterly, Vol. II., pp. 63, 65. 


riculum, and the community. The college appears as a curricu- 
lum and as a community. 

It will not be difficult to realize the first of these. The college 
commenced its history as curriculum; it has remained curriculum 
through succeeding years; and its chief excuse for existence today 
is the curriculum, around which everything centers. It is the 
curriculum which differentiates the special function of the college 
from other social institutions, such as the home, the church, and 
the vocation. It is because of the studies included in the curricu- 
lum that the faculty have been brought together, and it is that 
which keeps them together and alive. They recognize this fact, 
that the college is curriculum. To a large extent, men who dis- 
cuss college education start from this conception of the college. 
Without doubt, the college is curriculum. 

But it is more than curriculum. It is a community. This com- 
munity consists of young men brought together by the curriculum, 
not returning to their homes, but living together until they have 
completed the curriculum course. This was not so apparent in the 
early history of the college. Then men came simply for the curric- 
ulum ; and the college as curriculum was concerned with the men 
as they were members of curriculum classes. But slowly the col- 
lege as curriculum began to recognize the college as community; 
it began to see that the success or failure of the curriculum de- 
pended upon the community life of the men. In fact, the 
history of the American college, in one of its phases, shows the 
gradual enlargement and extension of the authority of the faculty 
— representing at first simply the curriculum interests — over the 
extra-curricular life of the students, over their community life. 
Probably this has not been done because of any theory on the part 
of the authorities, but simply in response to a need, brought about 
by changed circumstances. At any rate, today we find that in 
their practice, the authorities recognize the college as a community. 
This certainly does not mean to imply that the faculty have given 
up their idea of the college as curriculum; nothing could be further 
from the truth. Neither does it mean that the faculty think of 
two definite and separate elements in the college, namely, curric- 
ulum and community. But it does mean that the faculty are 
realizing more and more that the curriculum ivork is vitally related to 
the community life of the students. It means that in their practice 
they do not assume that the curriculum is the whole college. 

114 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

This will help to illustrate what is meant. The faculty are 
brought together to teach the men. They meet the men in the 
classroom, — they lecture, answer questions, obviate difficulties, 
make assignments, submit grades. This is their legitimate activity 
in their relation to the college as curriculum. But when we ex- 
amine the facts, we find that they do not stop there. They put a 
minimum limit on the air- space in fraternity houses. They confine 
social activities to certain hours. They enter into athletic activ- 
ity and enforce eligibility requirements. They tell the men on 
the musical clubs, college paper, and in dramatic societies that 
unless they evince a certain activity in their curriculum work tliey 
will have to eliminate outside activity : the faculty believe in a very 
definite relationship between the two. Furthermore, the heads of 
the curriculum require students to attend church. Unless this is 
simply a relic of bygone ideas of religious instruction one would 
naturally wonder what this had to do with the curriculum work. In 
short, if the faculty believed that the collegewere simply curriculum 
why should they depart from the curriculum to make rules and 
regulations regarding extra-curricular matters? The faculty are 
related to the college-as-curriculum; what right would they have 
to step outside their prescribed circle of authority to legislate on 
other matters, unless they assumed that the college includes the com- 
munal life of the men as well as their courses? Here is the case of 
a college student who becomes intoxicated, is arrested, tried and 
fined. The faculty learn of it and request the student to leave 
college. He may have had a high average in his courses. He may 
not have exceeded his allowed absences. As a member of the col- 
lege-as-curriculum he is faultless; and yet the faculty act in regard 
to him. Woolly white as are his curriculum relationships, his 
failure to come up to the standard of the college-as-community 
consigns him to the goats. The only basis upon which the faculty 
could take such action is that they believe the college to be com- 
munity as well as curriculum. 

The college authorities do not simply tolerate the college commu- 
nity. Thej'^ take part in it; they enjoj^ its games and festivities; 
they participate in its life. In fact, they foster it. As heads of 
the curriculum and as members of the social order they act as 
though the college-community existed, and as though its presence 
were desirable. In their practice they believe that the community 


life of the college is integral with the curriculum life of the col- 

The recognition of these two factors in the college throws light 
on the controversy between those who support "Knowledge" and 
those who uphold "Character" as the aim of the college education. 
It will doubtless be generally admitted that the aim of the college 
as curriculum is "Knowledge." What then is the aim of the col- 
lege as community.' It must be the same as the goal of any com- 
munity. In other words, it is identical with the aim of the larger 
communal life, of society. It was brought out in the first part of 
this paper that modern philosophy of the body social tends to pro- 
claim "Character" as the goal of the whole social process.^ Con- 
sequently, the aim of the college as community is "Character." 
In the contention over the educational objective of the college it 
has often been assumed that the college is simply curriculum. 
Since "Knowledge" is the aim of the curriculum, those who have 
supported this view have had the balance of evidence on their side. 
The partisans of "Character" have often had to fall back on a gen- 
eral religious or ethical desire in support of their position, just 
because they failed to bring out the fact that the college is a com- 
munity, is recognized as such by the authorities, and consequently 
shares in the goal of the social process. We must never forget that 
the college is not only thinking, in preparation for life; it is life. Its 
two functions are not exclusive, they are complementary; for the 
college is a curriculum-centered community. As such its aim is 
"Intelligent Character." 

The culminating interest of the layman is, therefore, that this 
community life be admitted into the theory of college education. 
The evident facts of the case show that the college is, and in prac- 
tice considers itself, both curriculum and community. A partial 
philosophy of the college might rest content with either one of 
these factors. A thorough-going philosophy of the college must 
include them both. If a comprehensive definition of the college 
must embrace curriculum and community, a complete definition 
of the aim of the college must incorporate "Knowledge" and 
"Character." To say that the ultimate goal of the college is 
"Intelligent Character" does not express a double aim, with con- 

' " Society as actually constituted, exists for the sake of an end that is fundamentally 
ethical." Chttline of Philosophy of Edttcation, J. A. MacVannel, p. 158. 

116 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

flicting, dissociated elements; each element fills out that connota- 
tion which the other lacks; it holds before the college a rounded, 
final objective for each individual, toward which must converge 
the influence of faculty, alumni, trustees, and students. 


Now that we have considered the first obstacle in the way of a ' 

clear statement of, and general agreement upon, the goal of college 
education, we must see why it is that there is opposition on the part ■ 

of those who are interested in intellectual advancement to the use *: 

of the word "Character" in connection with the mission of the ' 

college. It suggests to them a minimum of mental functioning. 
This connotation, however, is already sliding down the pathway of 
obsolescence. In order to show the way (one might possibly call it 
the evolutionary way) of considering "Character," as the word is - 

used in current literature and books on education, the following 
tabulation of tendencies is offered. It does not pretend to be in- 
clusive, exclusive, or to express exact divisions; it aims rather to 
show the drift of thought, in order to present roughly the difference 
between "Character" in its ancient and in its modern connotations. 

Previous Tendency. Present Tendency. 

1. To think character a "something" 1. To think character is the way in 
which a man is. which a man acts. 

2. To tliink of character as an hahit- 2. To think of character as habit, 
ual way of moral living. i Growth of but more also. It is growth in moral 
character meant extension and indura- living. Discrimination, and choice in- 
tion of the bonds of habit. volved in growth. Growth in character 

3. To think of character in an indi- a development, an unfolding, 
vidualistic way — an attitude toward 3. To think of character as an acting, 
God perhaps. living relationship toward men. 

4. As a result of (3) to consider 4. As a result of (3) character is 
character something static, for God dynamic, developing, evolving. 

is changeless and unchanging. 5. To think of character as a will 

5. To think of character as a matter working under growing ideals and en- 
of the habituated will. larging knowledge. 

6. To think of character as an 6. To think of character as a process, 
essence. 7. To think of character as discover- 

7. To think of character as "doing ing and doing the right, — the "right" 
right," — the "right" being fixed. possibly influenced by circumstances 

and by knowledge. 
1 " Morality includes nothing more than a denial of ungodliness and worldly lusts, and a 
living soberly and righteously in this present world." The Religious Education of Children, 
Christian Quarterly, April, 1875, p. 192. 


In this general contrast one will see what the modern definition 
of "Character" adds to the older definition. The person who 
thinks that character has nothing to do with the mind, or is even 
hostile to intellectual functioning, would seem to have secured his 
idea of character from a religious tract rather than from personal 
experience and observation. 

Modern thinkers, like Dr. Woodbridge, who speak about the aim 
of the college being "primarily intellectual" and "accidentally 
good, " are pioneers in this new movement, and as such must hyper- 
emphasize that element which has hitherto been neglected. As a 
matter of fact, they do not wish intelligence without character. 
By their definition of intelligence they trj^ to eliminate any such 
possibility. They wish character that is intelligent. As this con- 
ception of character takes increasing hold upon those interested in 
the theory of college education — faculty, trustees, and all — there 
will be much less opposition to their declaring unequivocally that 
the aim of the college education is " Intelligent Character. " When 
there is this universal agreement, there will be that efficient cooper- 
ation which is made possible by common devotion to a great, 
basic principle. Not until this is done can the college catch up 
and put itself in the vanguard of educational activity. But when 
the ideal of the modern movement in education is held clearly 
by each, and in common by all, the college will exert that inspir- 
ing, creative influence over the individual which is now sometimes 

118 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



THE Amherst class of 1865 entered college in September, 1861. 
The Civil War had then begun and battles had been fought. 
When the class graduated in June, 1865, Lee and Johnston 
had surrendered and the grand review in Washington had passed. 
The class entered seventy-eight men, and the whole college enrolled 
two hundred and thirty-five in 1861-62. The class graduated fifty- 
seven, and the college enrollment in 1864-65 was two hundred 
and twelve. During Freshman year twenty -eight left the class, most 
of them entering the army, and four enlisted during Sophomore 
year. Late arrivals and members of other classes who returned 
after expiration of their enlistments filled the vacancies in part. 
In 1861-62 the faculty numbered seventeen; in 1864-65 it num- 
bered fourteen. During these four years ex-President Hitchcock 
died; Charles H. Hitchcock went to Dartmouth; and Lucius Bolt- 
wood, librarian, resigned. The chairs of geology and zoology and 
the office of librarian remained unfilled. 

The course of study was straight classical: three years of Latin, 
Greek and mathematics, with now and then a term of one of these 
intermitted; one year of modern languages; one year of physics 
and astronomy; one term in chemistry; a few lectures in zoology, 
human anatomy and physiology; a minimum of English literature; 
some English composition, debating and declamation; and the 
whole crowned with the philosophical studies of Senior year. The 
course was distinctly marked and had only one elective — the choice 
of modern language. French or German could be chosen, but not 
both. English was learned through translating foreign languages, 
and there has not been better drill in accurate or elegant English. 

This course of study was narrow, but it required good work ; and 
the main purpose of education is not attainment of knowledge, but 
increase of mental power. The faculty was composed of strong 
men, and a serious purpose pervaded the student body. Has 
Amherst known a stronger faculty than this class knew: President 

^- o 






























































Stearns, the successful administrator; ex-President Hitchcock, 
Ebenezer S. Snell, Charles U. Shepard, William S. Tyler, William 
S. Clark, James G. Vose, Julius H. Seelye, Edward P. Crowell, 
Edward Hitchcock, Jr. ("Old Doc"), W. L. Montague and R. H. 
Mather? More than half of this faculty were clergymen, and the 
college pulpit was filled by them in rotation. Very rarely was a 
stranger seen in the desk on Sunday. 

There were three fraternities in the beginning of the period here 
reviewed and four in the end. None of them owned houses. Psi 
Upsilon had a hall in Sweetser Block; Alpha Delta Phi, in Adams 
Block; Delta Kappa Epsilon, in Phoenix Block; and, later, Chi Psi 
in a new bank block. Not more than half of the student body 
were members of these organizations and college politics was influ- 
enced, if not determined, by that fact. Interchange of visits between 
colleges was rare. The Hoosac tunnel did not exist, and Williams 
was beyond the mountains. Yale and Harvard were far, far away. 
Absences from college duties were few, very few. I recall seeing 
four men start to drive across country to Williamstown to attend 
some fraternity function, and wondering how they had the hardi- 
hood to risk an absence of three days. Outdoor athletics? No, 
not even swings in the grove. The college had no teams. Barrett 
Gymnasium opened as the class of '65 entered, and Dr. Hitchcock, 
who came from Williston Seminary with the dozen boys who en- 
tered from that school, was the director. The novelty of the 
exercise attracted visitors daily and the boys drilled like soldiers. 
There was no fooling. Charts were posted and renewed at inter- 
vals, giving physical measurements of each man, and there was 
healthy emulation for excellence and improvement. The first 
attempt at baseball appeared in the Senior year of this class, when 
a man who could pitch straight ball — Lancaster of '68 — assembled 
a team. But little interest, however, was awakened. 

Altogether these four years were a solemn time. Men could not 
be hilarious when classmates in the army were dying from wounds 
or disease; when delegations were attending funerals in nearby 
towns, and badges of mourning were so often in evidence. When 
the life of the Nation hung in the balance and hope alternated with 
despair at news of success or reverse of the national arms, boys 
became mature men. But youth cannot be wholly crushed. 
WTien news of the surrender of Lee was received the boys broke 

120 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

loose. The chapel bell was rung and a tumultuous rabble poured 
forth. The college has known nothing like it since, nor will the 
college know anything like it, unless another victory of as great 
national import shall come. Down the street the boys ran in wild 
confusion. As the crowd was passing the Baptist Church they saw 
Professor Seelye going toward college on the opposite side of the 
village green. A break was made across the Common and the 
Professor was surrounded by a hatless crowd in diverse sorts of 
attire, — all of them excited beyond control. Probably they 
thought — but also probably they did not think, they only felt. 
Somebody yelled for a speech. That brought quiet and expec- 
tancy of something worth while. "Young gentlemen," said the 
Professor, "having conquered our enemies, we must now conquer 
ourselves. " This ended the celebration. But the boys were sure 
that Professor Seelye had thrown away the opportunity of a life- 
time for making a speech which would have won for him undying 

Does some college boy of today think that the life a half century 
ago, with so much work and so little play, must have been flat 
and joyless? The only answer is that he who finds no delight or 
satisfaction in his work will find neither delight nor satisfaction in 
what he may call his recreations. 




PRESIDENT NICHOLS of Dartmouth, speaking at a meet- 
ing of the Dartmouth Secretaries' Association on the rela- 
tion of the alumni to the College, is reported to have said: 
"Alumni aid to the college takes various forms, and the readiness 
of the alumni to give aid of one kind and another makes advisable 
such definite organization as shall insure maximum results from 
expended effort. . . . There is a field for a constantly working 
body with a central office and a central secretary. The tendency 
of the present is toward organization, and the message of the college 
to the alumni is 'Organize.'" 

An examination of the alumni organizations of our colleges and 
universities show that to a considerable extent their alumni have 
organized. Harvard has its "Associated Harvard Clubs"; Yale 
its "Alumni Advisory Board," its "Alumni University Fund," its 
"Association of Class Secretaries"; Princeton its "Graduate Coun- 
cil"; Cornell its "Cornellian Council"; Dartmouth its "Dartmouth 
Secretaries' Association" and its "Dartmouth Alumni Council"; 
Brown University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
their Alumni Councils. 

The work which these alumni organizations are doing may be 
brought under three general heads. First, obtaining information; 
second, increasing the interest of the alumni in the college; and 
third, getting alumni to respond to the needs of the college. 

The alumni headquarters is a Bureau of Information about 
everything that concerns the college. It becomes informed about 
the aims and ambitions of the President and the Faculty and their 
educational policy; about the alumni, who they are, where they are, 
what they are doing and how well they are doing it; how able they 
are to give to the college time and money; about the alumni associ- 
ations: what the condition of each association is; whether it is 
doing any work as an association for the college; and what the 
alumni associations of other colleges are doing to keep in touch with 
their colleges and each other; about the class organizations and the 

122 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

efficiency of those organizations; the liind of reunions they hold 
and the methods other colleges are using to promote the welfare of 
the college through the medium of the class; about the under- 
graduates, their organizations and activities; where they come 
from; what sections of the country^ are practically unrepre- 
sented; how many students need financial help, and are working 
their way through college in whole or in part. 

It is said that fifteen years ago one of our universities realized that 
it was drawing its students largely from New England, and that 
the university was little known in certain parts of the West. As a 
result an alumni organization was started which has become a 
powerful factor in making the university known all over this 

The next work of these alumni organizations has been to plan 
systematically to increase the interest of the alumni in the college. 
To do this they have undertaken three principal activities: — 

First, the publication of an alumni paper or magazine, edited 
from the alumni point of view which is informing, interesting and 
in some cases of decided literary merit. 

Second, the promotion of class reunions; the publication of class 
records and class bulletins; the establishment of a trophy cup 
competition; the doing every' thing possible to bring alumni back 
to the college and give them a good time when they get back. The 
larger universities have standardized the class records which are 
published at reunion periods. These are published at a minimum 
cost and contain material of much value to the college authorities 
and often to the public as well. With a central office adopting 
systematic methods and putting the experience of one class at the 
disposal of all, the attendance of alumni at reunions steadily in- 
creases and reunions become pleasanter, cheaper and more easily 

A third activity is keeping the college before alumni during the 
year through the medium of the local associations and clubs. Old 
associations are strengthened, new ones are organized, speakers 
are provided for the annual dinners, successful features adopted 
by one association are put before others and every effort is made to 
keep the college spirit strong in the local alumni group. In all 
this work the alumni organization, through its committees and 
executive officers is the promoting, directing agent. But an alumni 


organization which is simply a bureau of information and an 
agency for making class reunions more successful and association 
dinners more entertaining, has of course failed of its purpose. The 
main function of all such bodies, to which these are subsidiary, 
has been to aid the college, to help the President and Trustees 
meet certain of its needs. 

The needs of all colleges are about alike. Every college needs 
money. Every college needs picked boys, boys who want an 
education, boys who will be leaders because of birth or fortune, as 
well as boys who have their own way to make and the stuff in them 
to make it. Every college needs to be understood, to occupy an 
approved place in the public mind, the mind of educators, of 
parents and of the boys themselves, and of Colorado and Oregon 
as well as New York and New England. And every college needs 
at times help in solving special problems, the problem of athletic 
control, of self-help for undergraduates, and often a problem of the 
town where the college is located, the problem of better hotel 
accommodations, of some common meeting place for Faculty and 

For some time Amherst alumni have known of the work which 
alumni associations of other colleges were doing and have discussed 
an alumni council for Amherst. In November, 1912, in response to 
the petition of Frederick K. Kretschmar and others, the Trustees 
appointed a committee to confer on the subject with an informal 
committee of the alumni, consisting of Henry T. Noyes, '94, Henry 
P. Kendall, '99, and Frederick K. Kretschmar, '01. Last winter 
Mr. Noyes and Mr. Kendall met with the President and the Dean 
of the College and Prof. Esty to consider the details of a proposed 
plan, and later they met with the committee of the Trustees. 

Last Commencement the Society of the Alumni passed a reso- 
lution authorizing the president of the society to appoint a com- 
mittee of fifteen alumni to prepare a plan for an alumni council 
and when it had been approved by the President and Board of 
Trustees to put it in operation. 

Pursuant to this resolution William Orr, 83, president of the 
Society, appointed the following committee : 



Pres. William F. Slocum 

Class of 


Colorado Springs 

Henry P. Field, Esq. 




Frank H. Parsons, Esq. 



New York. 

William Orr (ex officio) 




Joseph R. Kingman, Esq. 




William B. Greenough, Esq 




Prof. Thomas C. Esty 




Mr. Henry T. Noyes 




Dwight W. Morrow, Esq. 



New York. 

Roberts Walker, Esq. 



New York. 

Mr. Henry H. Titsworth 




Mr. Henry P. Kendall 




Mr. Harold I. Pratt 




New York. 

Mr. Frederick K. Kretschmar " 




Stanley King, Esq. 





Mr. Ernest M. Whitcomb 





Mr. Noyes was not able to serve. 

The committee held its first meeting in Springfield early in Octo- 
ber. At this meeting a sub-committee was appointed consisting of 
Mr. Orr, Prof. Esty and Mr. Kendall to confer with the President 
of the College and the President of the Board of Trustees regarding 
the details of a council plan. 

This sub-committee held several meetings and the last of Octo- 
ber the Committee of Fifteen adopted a plan, authorized the sub- 
committee to present it to the Board of Trustees through the 
President of the College, and voted if and when it was approved 
by the Board to organize on this plan an Alumni Council. The 
committee also engaged as its secretary Frederick S. Allis, '93. The 
Board of Trustees at its November meeting voted unanimously to 
approve the plan presented and expressed the opinion that the 
council will be of great benefit to the college. 

The plan adopted provides for changing the constitution of the 
present Society of the Alumni and establishing a General Alumni 
Association which mil be composed of all the living alumni of the 
college and of all the living non-graduates who were connected with 
the college one year or more. Its functions and powers will be to 
meet annually during Commencement week and at such other 
times as the President may appoint; to elect officers to preside at 


dinners and meetings of the association; to initiate suggestions for 
action by the council, and to elect certain representatives-at-large 
to the council. The deliberative and excutive body of the General 
Alumni Association will be the Alumni Council. 

The council will be composed of representatives from every class 
and every alumni association or club and certain members-at-large. 
The object of the council will be to advance the interests of Amherst 
College by establishing closer relations between the college and its 
alumni and promoting such activities as alumni individually and 
collectively may properly undertake. 

The business of the council, which will be varied, will be carried 
on largely through committees. There will probably be a Com- 
mittee on Alumni Associations, whose duty it will be to assist in 
strengthening existing associations, organize new ones and promote 
a group of aroused alumni bodies in each section of the country 
which will keep its members in touch with the college and with 
each other and engage in such local activities as each may decide 
upon; a Committee on Class Organization, whose duty it will be to 
cooperate with the officers of the several classes in the endeavor to 
promote successful reunions, uniform class records and an efficient 
class organization; a Committee on Publication, which will assist 
in the management of the Alumni Quarterly if the Board of 
Editors so desire; and Committees on Alumni Fund, Trophy Cup, 
the Needs and Activities of the Under-graduate Body, and special 
committees for handling special problems. Under the plan the 
council must also be prepared to consider questions which may be 
put to it by the Trustees or Faculty and give its opinion on them. 

The plan states that the present intention is to hold only one 
meeting of the council during the year and that during the winter 
months, the hope being that the meeting will be held each year in 
a different city and that in connection with the meeting of the coun- 
cil there will be a general meeting and dinner of the alumni of the 
vicinity. The plan provides for a secretary resident at Amherst 
who will devote his entire time to the business of the council. 

The service which this secretary will probably aim to render the 
college and the alumni has been indicated by the outline given of 
the work of alumni organizations generally. When the council 
has been organized and the principal committees appointed, the 
secretary will probably assist each committee to carry on its work. 

126 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Representing in turn the several committees in charge, he may meet 
with the Executive Committees of the classes holding reunions 
and assist them to carry out their plans. He may gradually visit 
the various alumni associations, cooperate with their officers in 
extending their work and plan with them for the organization of 
new associations. He may assist in the management of the Gradu- 
ates Quarterly. By his residence at Amherst he will be enabled 
to keep in touch with the college and by his frequent contact with 
alumni he will be enabled to know them and, it is hoped, assist in 
maintaining between them and the college authorities a cordial 
and efficient cooperation. 

The Committee of Fifteen are now at work drafting a constitu- 
tion and by-laws for the Alumni Council, following the plan 
adopted. As soon as this has been completed a copy will be mailed 
to every alumnus, together with a report of the committee. 

The committee are also at work organizing the first council. It 
is clear that the success of the council will depend on the men who 
make up its membership, and the seriousness with which they under- 
take their work. The committee, therefore, are asking the officers 
of the respective classes and associations to assist them in choosing, 
as candidates for representatives in the first council, men, who by 
the ability shown in their chosen occupations, have demonstrated 
that they can be of great service to the college, and who by their 
interest in Amherst in years past have shown that they will be able 
and willing to give time to the council's afifairs. 

The response of alumni to every request of the committee for 
assistance indicates, the committee believes, the response which 
the alumni body generally will make to this new work for Amherst. 
The Alumni Council has the hearty approval of the President of 
the College and the Board of Trustees, and they join with all friends 
of Amherst in wishing it great and enduring success. 


arfjE poak arable 


Luther's Correspondence and Other Contemporary Letters. Translated 
and edited by Preserved Smith, Ph.D., Fellow of Amherst College. Volume I, 
1507-1521. Philadelphia: The Lutheran Publication Society. 1913. Pp. 583. 

It is a satisfaction to have this volume bearing the name of a scholar of Amherst 
College. Dr. Smith has so made the 6eld of the German Reformation his own that 
anything that comes from his careful pen is sure of a cordial welcome, and it is with 
favorable anticipations that one opens the volume now under consideration. These 
expectations are fully borne out by the content and by the manner in which Dr. 
Smith has done his work. Luther's own letters are now made readily accessible for 
the English reader, and they are immensely illuminated and increased in value by 
the presentation of other epistles either written to Luther or about him and his 
movement. In no other way can the reader gain so vivid an impression of the 
hopes and fears, the struggles and expectations, and above all, of the growing clear- 
ness of Luther's own apprehension in the important years which this volume covers. 
The translation is especially well done. The letters read vivaciously, the effect is 
very much as if English had been their original vehicle. The translator is to be 
heartily felicitated on doing for the English reader of these letters what Luther him- 
self did for the New Testament when he made the apostles and evangelists speak 
German. The continuation of Dr. Smith's work will be awaited with anticipation. 

WiLLiSTON Walker. 

Peach Bloom. An Original Play in Four Acts. By Northrop Morse. 1913- 
Sociological Fund, Medical Review of Reviews. New York. 

"Facit indignatio versus," wrote the Latin poet whom we ordinarily read rather 
for grace than vigor; which may be paraphrased, when the poet is thoroughly stirred 
by a great wrong his verse burns with the sense of it. In the prose medium of our 
day, too, this is so. It is the salient feature of this Mr. Morse's first play, believed 
to be the first play published by an Amherst graduate since Clyde Fitch's death. 
We do not need the assurance that he "wrote it earnestly, and after much study of 
the subject, — one of the most appalling problems of today. " The play, though ap- 
pearing first in book form, was written for the stage, and is technically well adapted 
thereto; but it was not "made to sell," in the ordinary acceptation, nor to capture 
by its art or charm. In a word, it is a problem play (if we can call its subject a 
problem rather than a horror), its subject being the White Slave Traffic Of course, 
there is no question of didacticism here; the thing itself is its own burning, terrible 
lesson. Nor is there any slightest tinge of salacity — -there cannot be, at the moment 
when the veil is removed from the horror and the unspeakable vice appears as the 
"monster of such frightful mien. 
As to be hated needs but to be seen." 

128 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Mr. Morse, by the directest methods, has made the monster appear as she is, ia 
her most alluring habitat; and by the story of an unsuspecting seventeen-year-old 
girl, who was quietly forced into the hell-place while doing an act of ordinary kind- 
ness, he rescues her eventually in time to preserve her innocence intact, but only 
at the hardest, and after the search-light is flashed upon the various motives of greed 
and lust and secrecy, and at the hidden culture sources of the evil, which combine 
to make the problem so inveterate. It will not do to give away the story; suffice 
to say, it is thoroughly and skillfully wrought out, with every hearing and stage 
requirement satisfied; it aims straight at its purpose and hits it hard. The question, 
to the mind of the reviewer, is not as to its stage-power, but as to its fit audience. 
Whom shall we in\nte, to sit side by side with burning cheeks and hear it? The book 
seems rather one to be read, and as is earnestly hoped by a great many, — though 
preferably not aloud. For too reticent mothers, for too heedless and confiding 
girls, and for too self-indulgent young men, it is a prophylactic; and it is the part of 
wisdom and tact to know how such things should be conveyed. 

J. F. Genung. 


Mahlon Norris Gilbert, Bishop Coadjutor of Minnesota, 1886-1900. By 
Francis Leseure Palmer. With an Introduction by Daniel Sylvester Tuttle, Pre- 
siding Bishop of the American Church. Milwaukee, Wisconsin : The Young Church- 
man Company. 1912. 

A good many of us, I suppose, labor under the limitation of regarding a bishop as 
belonging somehow to a higher order of beings, — one with whom we would never 
think of being intimate, much as we feel the need of and prize the hallowing influence 
that by virtue of his office emanates from him. To such mistaken imaginations 
this gracefully written biography, wherein the biographer himself, though wholly 
out of sight, makes himself felt in the love and discriminating respect he bears to his 
subject, is to be recommended. It is not the ecclesiastic that we find portrayed here, 
but the man; whose noble personality, whether in the hardships of Indian and pio- 
neer settlements or in the comparative comfort of a western diocese, never failed to 
find what was best in men, and to be a companionable influence among all. It is a 
real uplift to read the life record of a man of whom the following could be said: 

"Bishop Gilbert was more than a missionary. He was a leader of men. If 
responsibility was to be borne, he shouldered it. If work was to be done, he met it 
more than half way. If a choice were offered between a difficult and an easy task, 
he allowed some one else to have the lighter burden. If one asked his counsel, he 
never asked in vain. If directions were to be given, they were given positively, yet 
tenderly. Virility, humaneness, hopefulness, charity, these were some of the 
characteristics that caused the Bishop to be loved and followed. And all were 
fused together by a true reverence for God and for his fellow-men." 

These arc presumably not Mr. Palmer's words but the words of an editor, 
written soon after the Bishop's death. To have such a personality for them, how- 
ever, is an inspiration to a good biography; to preseive the record of such a char- 
acter is a service to the church and the age; and Mr. Palmer has not missed 
his opportunity. 

J. F. Genung. 



Worship in the Sunday School. By Hugh Hartshorne. New York, Teachers 
College, Columbia University. 1913. 

One of the handicaps of higher education is the inadequacy and inefficiency of 
preparatory schools. What is true of the secular common school is even more 
often true of the Sunday School. If the latter is to attain any marked success as 
a social prophylactic against wrong-doing it is necessary that every available 
force be employed, and that too with the greatest possible technical knowledge 
and skill. Here, as elsewhere, willingness is a poor substitute for technique. 

That "worship" is capable of being a powerful aid in Sunday School training, 
but has been sadly neglected, is the theme of "Worship in the Sunday School," 
by Hugh Hartshorne. The author fully justifies his task in the first third of the 
book by his excellent discussion of the individual and social significance of worship, 
presenting it as preserving and revitalizing the higher values, and as being itself 
a value — "a way of finding social fellowship" in common ideals. It becomes thus 
both an end in itself, and also a means to certain valuable "feeling attitudes." 

The efficient and intelligent use of forms and methods in worship for the devel- 
opment and control of the desired "feeling attitudes" necessitates a study of the 
nature of "feeling." To this study is given the second third of the book. The 
discussion is in terms of "behavior" psychology, and quite properly so. The 
author is widely read on the subject and has presented the problems of "feeling" 
from every possible aspect so far as they relate to education in general and religious 
education in particular. But it seems as if he had slipped into a pitfall that is 
ever-threatening in the discussion of this peculiarly elusive topic. Of all words 
"feeling" is the one richest in meaning. In psychology the term is so loosely 
used as to include in different contexts such various sorts of data as "content" 
{e.g., "feeling of heat"), "motor-attitude" (e.g., "feeling of fear"), and "state" 
("pleasure-pain"). Philosophically used, the term often connotes consciousness 
of one's unanalyzed process of reaction to a situation, as a whole {e.g., "feel con- 
vinced"). Each of these and other "feelings" has its own adequate method of 
treatment; but the community of name makes the fallacy of extrapolation extremely 
hard to avoid. The author recognizes the variation in methods of treatment, 
but seems to attribute it to differences in point of view of the writers quoted, 
instead of to an intrinsic difference in the concept itself; hence in his use of the 
term he too covers and includes an extremely wide range of psychological and 
philosophical objects. This does not materially affect his practical application 
to "worship," for the reason that nearly all "feelings" do have some r61e in this 
experience; but it leaves his theory in some confiision which could have been 
avoided by analysis into more specific concepts and separate study of the condi- 
tions and methods appropriate to each. 

The remaining third of the book is devoted to a most interesting accoimt of an 
actual experiment in "worship" conducted by the author during the season of 
1912-1913. Full details are given of the methods used, and of the attempts to 
secure definite evidences of positive result. It is possible that this section and the 
first will be of the greater interest and of very certain value to that great majority 

130 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

who in this age are more interested in getting results than in understanding the 
theories that underlie successful processes. 

A well selected bibliography suggests sources and opportunities for further 
investigation. It seems to the writer that Martin G. Brumbaugh's "The Making 
of a Teacher" would be a desirable book to add to the list on "Religious Education 
and the Sunday School." 

The present attempt to inject more intelligence and eflSciency into education 
is a hopeful sign; and this book in its purpose and manner of presentation is a 
very definite indication of progress in the field of Sunday School instruction. 

Wm. J. Newlin. 


tKlje ?Hnbersrabuate£{ 


Review of the Football Season. — The football season of 1913 was opened with 
good material and the student body looked forward to a most successful season. 
The first game with Rhode Island State resulted in a 10 to 6 victory. However, the 
team showed a lack of drive and power which although inherent could not be brought 
out. The men seemed possessed of a waiting attitude and were not carrying the 
fight to their opponents. The Colgate game showed an improvement in these lines, 
and for one half the teams played on even terms. But injuries which deprived the 
team of both kickers broke down the Amherst game and Colgate won 21 to 0. This 
game with resultant injuries marked the beginning of trouble. The following week 
the team met Springfield and the latter's open game proved too much for a disor- 
ganized back field. Trinity next scored a 14 to victory over a team which, by that 
time, had lost all confidence in its abilty. Again the team was defeated 9 to 0, this 
time by Wesleyan, a team which was able to make only three first downs through 
the line as compared to nine made by the Amherst team. This game was played in 
a sea of mud and no real test could be made. Wesleyan, however, took advantage of 
her opportunities, while Amherst did not; hence the former deserved victory. 

The Dartmouth game found the Amherst team back on its feet and giving one of 
the best battles of the year. Twice Dartmouth had the ball on the one-yard line 
and failed to score in four downs. The policy of the coach in developing a strong 
defense showed to advantage in this game, and from then on confidence appeared 
among the men. The following week Worcester Tech was easily defeated 38 to 0. 
The final game, resulting in a 12 to victory over W'illiams on Weston Field, the 
first in several years, gave a pleasant ending to what would otherwise have been an 
unsuccessful season. The policy of the coach was fully justified as a careful analysis 
of the game will readily reveal. Williams made only three first downs, one through 
the line and two forward passes; thus an idea of the Amherst defense may be had. 
On the offense Amherst carried the ball three out of the four periods, and only once 
was Williams in possession of the ball in the former's territory. The score fails to 
give any idea of the comparative strength of the teams. 

Although the majority of the games were lost, I believe that a system has been 
inaugurated which if followed will prove to be the making of future Amherst teams. 
No team can progress without a knowledge of and an ability to carry out the funda- 
mentals of the game. Once these are accomplished a team can build and progress 
without danger of a serious setback. 

During the early weeks of the season much dissatisfaction with both coach and 
players was expressed by student correspondents. Such criticism, coming from 
those who know little or nothing of the game, can do no good, and it is capable of 
much harm, as it shakes the confidence of the players in their coach, which is the one 

132 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

essential for a successful team. Of course no Amherst man desires to see a losing 
team, but, if criticism is necessary, it should come from one who is capable. For 
years these critics have been at work, and never to my knowledge has any good re- 
sulted. The tolerence of this practice lies with the student body, and as an alumnus 
who has the success of Amherst teams at heart, I would heartily appreciate the 
fostering of a sentiment against such work. The adjudgment of the work of coach 
and players in Amherst football is especially the duty of Amherst Football Alumni, 
and to them I make an appeal for a deeper and more active interest. If such can 
be had then our teams will gain the success which is rightfully theirs. 

The development of a winning team is no easy task, and, if such is to be had, 
everj'one must put his shoulder to the wheel. One weak position makes a weak 
team, and it is usually this unfortunate who receives the bulk of his opponents' 
attention. Were the same position filled by a more capable man, not necessarily a 
star, there would be a balance between a weak and a strong team. There are men in 
college who possess as much as or perhaps more ability than those who are upon the 
field, but they are unwilling to give it a trial. One does not necessarily need former 
experience, although everyone will admit it to be of value. There are amongst the 
student body a large number of men who like to play the game, but they never come 
out simply because they think they have no chance to make the team. Yet right 
in this lot lies the strength to give the college winning teams; for one or possibly two 
men of ability are sure to be found, and these will turn the balance in favor of a win- 
ning team. To say that such material is not available is preposterous, for class teams 
always find eight or ten men other than varsity candidates ready to defend their 
supremacy against their rivals, and that with only three or four days training. Such 
actions only point to a predominance of class spirit over that of college, and such 
sentiment will never produce a successful varsity. To you, men, as well as to the 
alumni, I make an appeal for support of the varsity teams. 

RicHAHD P. Abele, 

Assistant Coach. 

The Hockey Team. — The Amherst hockey team has just secured the services as 
coach of John P. Henry, 1910, who played two years on the hockey team when he 
was in college. For the past three years, Henry has been the star catcher for the 
Washington team in the American league, which team finished second the past 
two seasons. Henry is a good hockey player, and as he lives in Amherst, the team 
is unusually fortunate in securing his services for the entire season. The schedule 
of games has just been announced and shows two newcomers. Harvard will be 
played for the first time in several years, while Tufts will come to Amherst for a 
game January 17. The usual two games with Williams will be played; and the 
schedule also includes the Aggies and West Point — the same as last year. The 
team has been handicapped so far by lack of ice, and has resorted to soccer for the 
purpose of conditioning the men. The outlook for the team is good. 

The following are the games as announced: 

January 7, Harvard at Cambridge. January 31, M. A. C. at Amherst. 

January 10, Trinity at Amherst. February 7, Y. M. C. A. College at Amherst. 

January 17, Tufts at Amherst. February 13, West Point at West Point. 

January 24, Williams at Amherst. February 14, Williams at Williamstown. 



©tticial anb ^ersfonal 


The autumn meeting of the Board of 
Trustees was held in Springfield on 
November 20. There were present 
Messrs. Plimpton, Meiklejohn, Walker, 
Ward, Pratt, Simpson, Patton, Robbins, 
Rounds, Gillett, Williams, Woods and 

Announcement was made of the elec- 
tion of Rev. George A. Hall (1882) by 
the Alumni as a member of the Board. 
Mr. Hall is at present in India. 

The annual election of ofiicers and 
committees of the Board resulted as 

President — Mr. Plimpton. 

Secretary — Mr. Walker. 

Committee on Finance — Messrs. Simp- 
son, Pratt, James and Whitcomb. 

Committee on Instruction — Messrs. 
Walker, Ward, Williams and Rounds. 

Committee on Buildings and Grounds — 
Messrs. Patton, Gillett, Woods and Hall. 

Committee on Honorary Degrees— 
Messrs, Stone, Allen, Robbins and Wil- 

The report of the treasurer was ac- 
cepted and approved for publication and 
distribution to the Alumni. 

Gifts were announced as follows: 

From Frank L. Babbott, Esq., for a 
scholarship fund of the class of 1878, 
$3,000, and also a gift for current schol- 
arships of $1,000. 

From class of 1893, as a fund for the 
establishment of the Alumni Council, 

From Harold I. Pratt, Esq., for repairs 
of the swimming pool, and for its current 
expenses, $2,930.74. 

From the class of 1902, on account of 

its subscription towards Hitchcock 
Field, $150. 

From George D. Pratt, Esq., for the 
purchase of land in connection with the 
Pratt Health Cottage, $1,000. 

From the parents of Mr. Clyde Fitch, 
the contents of his study, including 
books, works of art, carved oak ceil- 
ing, etc. 

In accordance with the suggestion of 
Prof. F. B. Loomis it was voted that the 
income of the fund presented to the 
College last year by the Phi Delta Theta 
Fraternity be used towards founding a 
scholarship to pay the tuition of a stu- 
dent from Amherst College in the \la- 
rine Biological Laboratory at Wood's 
Hole, Mass. 

Probably the most important busi- 
ness of the meeting was the approval by 
the Trustees of the plan for an Alumni 
Council, as proposed by the Committee 
of Fifteen appointed by the Alumni at 
its meeting at the Commencement. 
The establishment of this Council marks 
a step of great importance in the pro- 
spective efficiency of Amherst College. 

Leave of absence for a sabbatical year 
was voted to Prof. Frederic L. Thomp- 
son, beginning next July. 

In view of the importance, architec- 
turally and otherwise, of cooperation in 
the development of the College and its 
surroundings, the Board voted "That 
the Trustees request the fraternities 
contemplating building to confer with 
the Committee on Buildings and 

The spring meeting will be held on 
May 7, 1914, in Amherst. 

WiLLisTON Walker, Secretary. 




President Meiklejohn will be one of 
the speakers, on January 28th, at the 
annual dinner of the Brown Alumni As- 
sociation of Boston. He will conduct the 
vesper service at Brown on March 11th. 
In connection with his visit to Cleveland 
in October, in addition to speaking at 
the alumni dinner on the 24th, he 
addressed two large audiences of mem- 
bers of the Northeastern Ohio Teachers 
Association, on liberal college training, 
one of the audiences numbering about 
3,500. Later he was entertained at a 
small luncheon at the Union Club, 
President Thwing of Western Reserve 
University being one of the guests. 
President Meiklejohn also spoke at the 
dinner of Amherst Association of Pitts- 
burg on December 30th, at the Fort 
Pitt Hotel. The Brown Alumni 
Monthly for October contained pictures 
of President Meiklejohn in cricket 
costume, taken at the time of the match 
with the Australians last summer. 

At the Triennial Council of Phi Beta 
Kappa in New York, on September 10, 
1913, Professor E. A. Grosvenor was 
for the third time elected, for the term 
of three years. President of the United 
Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa. On 
December 5th he gave an oration on 
"A College Man's Morals" at William 
and Mary College, where the society 
was originally founded, the occasion 
being the one hundred and thirty- 
seventh anniversary of the founding of 
the society of Phi Beta Kappa and on 
the same day the college conferred on 
him the degree of LL.D. This is the 
fourth time he has received this degree. 
On December Cth, he gave an address 

on "The Intent of Phi Beta Kappa," 
in connection with the organization of 
the Phi Beta Kappa Alumni Association 
of Washington, D. C. 

On November 26 Professor Charles 
W. Cobb was married to Miss Harriet 
Anderson, in New York City. — In the 
January number of the Hibhert Journal 
Prof. Cobb has an ai tide on "Certainty 
in Mathematics and in Theology." 

At a conference of Collegiate and Pre- 
paratory School Teachers of the Bible, 
held at Columbia University, New York, 
Dec. 30, Prof. J. F. Genung read a 
paper on "How to Teach the Bible as 

Dean Olds left Amlierst recently to 
be gone for several months. The col- 
lege turned out in force and heartily 
cheered both Prof, and Mrs. Olds. Later 
the Dean was prevailed upon to speak 
a few words. Since this is his first 
leave of absence in twenty-five years 
he expects to enjoy it as a "second 
honeymoon." He will travel in Europe 
with Mrs. Olds, sailing from New York 
in January and returning to Amherst 
next May. The month intervening be- 
tween the date of their departure from 
New York and the present will be spent 
in his old home in Rochester, N. Y., 
in New York, and in Poughkeepsie with 
his daughter. Miss Clara Olds, who is a 
Sophomore at Vassar. As the train 
pulled out of the Boston and Main sta- 
tion, the singing of "To the fairest 
College" gave a final touch to a trib- 
ute as splendid and spontaneous as 
any ever accorded a victorious athletic 



Professor Paul C. Phillips attended 
three meetings at New York City in 
December. The first was the meet- 
ing of the Athletic Research Society 
which will be held at the Hotel 
Astor. The second was the meeting 

of the National Collegiate Athletic 
Association held at the same place. 
And the third was the Society of 
Directors of Physical Education in 
Colleges, of which Dr. Phillips is 


The Pacific Northwest Amherst 
Alumni Association fraternized with the 
Williams College graduates resident in 
the same section of the country at a 
joint banquet held at the Rainier Club, 
Seattle, Wash., November 15. On the 
same day at Williamstown, Mass., the 
Amherst football team had scored a sub- 
stantial victory over the Williams Col- 
lege boys and news of this event came 
by telegram to the alumni of the two 
colleges while at the banquet. The 
older men at the Amherst tables seemed 
to be not far behind the younger fellows 
in enthusiasm over the news, while the 
Williams crowd withstood the good- 
natured banter leveled at them and re- 
minded their Amherst friends of the 
record of the teams in the previous year 
when results were difiFerent. The com- 
mission form of government for cities, 
a plan which will soon be voted upon by 
the citizens of Seattle, was elucidated 
in an interesting and sympathetic talk 
by William C. Brewster of Amherst, 
'88, who took office in June as one of the 
five commissioners who rule over the 
city of Portland, Ore. David Whitcomb, 
of the class of Amherst '00, was toast- 
master. Besides about twenty Williams 
College men there were present the fol- 
lowing Amherst alumni: W. C. Brewster, 
'88, of Portland, Ore.; T. L. Stiles, '71, 
of Tacoma; James B Best, '85, of 
Everett, Wash.; Prof. Henry A. Simonds, 
'83, of Bothell, Wash.; Ralph H. Clark, 
'03, of Tacoma; and the following Seat- 

tle residents: DeWitt A. Clark, '09; J. D. 
Cornell, '10; Carroll S. Daniels, '10; 
Ezra T. Pope, '90; D. B. Trefethen, '98; 
Dr. Paul A. Turner, '04; Richard C. 
Turner, '08; David Whitcomb, '00. 

D. B. Trefethen was elected president 
of the association for the coming year 
and Dr. P. A. Turner secretary. 

December 19, 1913. 
Editor Amherst Graduates' Quar- 

Dear Sir — Will you in behalf of the 
Committee on Alumni Trustees kindly 
do us the favor of calling attention in 
the January number of the Amherst 
Graduates' Quarterly to the follow- 
ing matter viz: That the Nominating 
Committee of Alumni Trustees will be 
glad to receive suggestions for candi- 
dates and would like to have the name 
of each candidate suggested accom- 
panied by full information, giving the 
qualifications of the candidate. The 
candidates must be laymen. Please 
send the names to the chairman of 
Nominating Committee in the early 
part of January, so that the committee 
may make proper selection of three 
nominees and have their names sent 
to the alumni on or before February, 
1914 — as required by the constitution 
of the college. 

Respectfully yours, 
Edward W. Chapin, 
Chairman of Nominating Committee. 




The New York Association. — The 
fall smoker of the New York Association 
was held at Healy's on Friday, Decem- 
ber 5th. The retiring president of the 
association, Mr. Herbert L. Bridgman, 
'66, gave an illustrated lecture on "Am- 
herst in Bulgaria," based on his obser- 
vations in Bulgaria and Servia last 
spring. Professor Bigelow was the 
guest of the evening, and spoke enter- 
tainingly. Ex-President Harris also 
spoke briefly. About seventy-five 
alumni were present. Five new mem- 
bers of the executive committee were 
elected, as follows : Mallon, '87, Morrow, 
'96, Walker, '96, Pratt, '00, and Bale, 
'06. The executive committee subse- 
quently elected the following officers: 
president, Collin Armstrong, '77; hon- 
orary vice-president, George Harris, '66; 
vice-president, Geoige B. Mallon. '87; 
D wight W. Morrow, '95; secretary, 
John L. Vanderbilt, '01, 14 Wall Street, 
treasurer, Harry V. D. Moore, '01. 
The annual dinner of the association 
will be held at the Waldorf-Astoria on 
the evening of Friday, February 27th. 

The Brooklyn Association. — Forty 
Amherst men attended an enthusiastic 
banquet of the Amherst Alumni Associ- 
ation of Brooklyn, at the University 
Club of Brooklyn, Wednesday evening, 
November 26th. James S. Lawson, '95, 
president of the association, acted as 
toastmaster. Dr. Edwin G. Warner, 
'85, talked of his recent travels abroad, 
taking for his topic, "The Land of the 
Midnight Sun, or the Land of the Modern 
Servant Girl." Edward M. Bassett, 
'84, spoke on the "Regulation of Build- 
ings in Size, Shape and Position." 
Harold J. Baily,' 08, told of "What the 
Association is Going to do in the Near 
Future." Short speeches were also 
given by Principal James D. Dillingham, 
'87, of Elmhurst, N. Y., Rev. William 

A. Lawrence, '61, of Jamaica, N. Y.r 
Charles R. Fay, '90, of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and Rev. Frederick P. Young, '00, of 

The Brooklyn Smoker. — The Brook- 
lyn Association met at the University 
Club, Brooklyn, for a smoker on Mon- 
day evening, December 29th. A short 
business meeting was held, at which J. 

B. O'Brien, 1905, reported for the com- 
mittee appointed by President Lawson 
last winter to look up preparatory school 
athletes with a view to interesting them 
in Amherst. 

On motion of E. A. Baily, 1905, the 
following "Committee for Boosting 
Amherst in Long Island Preparatory 
Schools" was elected: Rev. F. E. Bolster, 
'96, Chairman; E. G. Warner, '85; F. B. 
Pratt, '87; J. D. Dillingham, '87; E. C. 
Hood, '97; J. H. Low, '90; L. C. Stone, 
'96; Edwin Fairley, '86; and Chas. R. 
Fay, '90. With the exception of the 
Chairman all of the men have had or 
now have an active connection with 
some Long Island high school. They 
have power to add to their number, and 
it is intended that every high school on 
Long Island having an Amherst man 
on its faculty should be represented. 

II. J. Baily, 1908, outlined the plans 
for the Annual Interscholastic Athletic 
Meet under the auspices of the Associa- 
tion. The meet will be held at the Com- 
mercial High School Field, Brooklyn, 
on Saturday May 9th. A large and 
handsome trophy cup is offered to the 
school winning the most meets in seven 
years. The first three legs on this cup 
have been won by the Polytechnic 
Preparatory School of Brooklyn. Med- 
als or individual cups are given to point 
winners in the various events. The 
first point winners in certain specified 
events (the 100 yd., 200 yd., and 440 yd. 
dashes; the 880 yd. and mile runs, high 



jump, broad jump, pole vault, shot put, 
hurdle race and open relay race) will be 
sent at the association's expense to 
Amherst for the preparatory school meet 
held there in the spring. Charles R 
Fay, '90, is raising money for a scholar- 
ship to be given to some deserving 
Brooklyn youth. 

President James S. Lawson, '95, 
introduced the speaker of the evening. 
Judge Isaac Franklin Russell, Chief 
Judge of the Court of Special Sessions, 
New York City. Judge Russell's unique 
and entertaining address, "The Triumph 
of the Truth," had many suggestions 
for thought, sugar coated with witty 

Two musicians helped make the even- 
ing enjoyable, and a supper was served. 
About forty men were present including 
a good number of undergraduates. 

The Cleveland Association. — The an- 
nual dinner of the association was held 
on October 24th at the Hotel Statler, 
andwas attended by thirty -four Amherst 
men. Chailes K. Arter, '98, president 
of the association, acted as toastmaster, 
and the principal speaker was President 
Meiklejohn, who was asked to talk 
informally on the afifairs of the college. 

The Connecticut Association. — The 
alumni of the Connecticut Association 
will hold their annual dinner in Hart- 
ford on Friday evening, February 6th. 
President Meiklejohn has accepted an 
invitation from Rev. Charles S. Lane, 
vice-president of the Hartford School 
of Religious Pedagogy and president of 
the association, to be present. He will 
speak on "What Is Being Done at 

The Michigan Association. — On Nov- 
ember 7th about twenty of the Michi- 
gan alumni took dinner at the Hotel 
Griswold, Detroit, in honor of the \dsit 
of President Meiklejohn. The Amherst 
Alumni Association was organized at 
Grand Rapids, Mich., a year ago last 
October with Professor Tyler as the 
guest of honor. The new officers elected 
at Detroit are: president, C. F. Adams, 
'77; secretary', W. A. Sleeper, '09. 

The Pittsburgh Association. — The 
Amherst Alumni Association of Western 
Pennsylvania held a banquet Saturday 
evening, January 3, at the Fort Pitt 
Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pa., in honor of 
President and Mrs. Alexander Meikle- 
john. Mr. Frederick S. Allis of Am- 
herst was also a guest on this occasion 
and about forty of the alumni and their 
wives were out to greet them. Dr. 
Meiklejohn was a speaker on December 
31 before the Pennsylvania Educational 
Society at Memorial Hall, Pittsburgh, 
on the subject, "WTiat Knowledge is 
For," and the large audience present 
was very enthusiastic. 

The secretary, Mr. Kenneth R. Cun- 
ningham, writes: "We have in the 
neighborhood of sixty or seventy-five 
Amherst men in this vicinity and we 
propose to hold several informal meet- 
ings throughout the year and an annual 
banquet. We have had an alumni 
association here for quite a number of 
years now, but it has not been very 
active until recently. The officers pro- 
pose to have regular dues hereafter and 
to devote a portion of said dues to the 
subscription for copies of the Amherst 
Graduates Quarterly. In this way 
we can keep up the interest of the men 
in what is going on at Amherst and also 
help the cause of the Quarterly. " 





Rev. William A. Fobes died at the 
age of eighty-six on December 22d at his 
home in Lake View, Mass., after a short 
illness from paralysis. After leaving 
Amherst he graduated from Bangor 
Theological Seminary and for more than 
forty years held pastorates in various 
towns of New England. 

The death of Rev. Elijah Woodward 
Stoddard, '49, at the age of 94, leaves 
Rev. William Spooner Smith, '48, of 
Worcester, the oldest graduate of Am- 
herst in years. Rev. Arteraas Dean of 
Mt.Carmel, Pa., was graduated six years 
before the latter, in the class of 1842, 
but his age is only 89. Mr. Smith was 
born in Leverett, July 10, 1821, the son 
of Paul G. Smith. He was fitted for 
college at the old Amherst Academy on 
Amity Street. He entered the class 
of 1847, but at the end of his first year 
left college to return in 1845, in the class 
of '48. He studied theology for three 
years at Union Theological Seminary, 
graduating in 1852. He was ordained 
in April of the same year, and served as 
pastor of Congregational churches in 
Prompton and Bethany, Pa., New York 
City, and Stratford, N. H. His last 
parish was in Guilford, Conn. 


Rev. Dr. Elijah Woodward Stoddard, 
who for fifty of his sixty-one years in the 
ministry was paster of the Succasunna 
Presbyterian Church, died Wednesday, 
October 29th, at Succasunna, N. J. 
He was born at Coventry ville, Chenango 

County, N. Y.. April 23, 1819. "When 
Dr. Stoddard was 25 years old he started 
for Amherst College, traveling by a four- 
horse stage coach 150 miles, and 80 
miles by railroad. He later spent three 
years in Union Theological Seminary 
and in May, 1852, was licensed and or- 
dained to preach by the third presbytery 
of New York. Dr. Stoddard's years of 
early service in the ministry were as 
follows: November, 1852, to November, 
1855, at Hawley, Penn.; November, 
1855. to May, 1860, at Amenia, N. Y.; 
May, 1860, to May, 1864, at Angelica. 
N. Y. 


Henry Walker Bishop died September 
27th, 1913, at Pittsfield, Mass. He 
was the son of Hon. Henry W. and 
Sarah Tainter (Bulkley) Bishop, was 
born in Lenox, June 2, 1829, and fitted 
for college at Lenox Academy. He 
attended Williams College 1846 to 1849 
and Amherst for one year. He then 
studied law at Lenox and at Harvard 
Law School and was admitted to the bar 
at Lenox in 1853. He practised there 
from 1853 to 1856, and in Chicago, 111., 
from 1856. He was a Master in Chan- 
cery of the United States circuit court 
for the northwestern district of Illinois 
in 1863. Mr. Bishop was married 
August 8, 1861, to Anna H., daughter 
of Joshua Richardson of Portland, Me. 

Rev. William Hayes Ward has re- 
signed as editor of the Independent 
after serving in that capacity for forty- 
five years. He will remain a contri'out- 
ing editor. With his sisters. Miss Susan 



Hayes Ward and Miss Hetta Hayes 
Ward, he will move shortly to South 
Berwick, Me., where they have a summer 
home. Dr. Ward is seventy-eight years 
old, but is in good health. H- was 
associate editor of the Independent from 
1868 to 1870; superintending editor from 
1870 to 1896; and since then editor-in- 

Dr. Joseph H. Sawyer, principal of 
Williston Seminary, was absent from his 
post, on important school business, dur- 
ing part of the fall term, and in his place 
the duties of principal were performed 
by Charles A. Buffum, '75. 


Columbia University has appointed 
John W. Burgess as exchange professor 
to the Austrian universities for the year 

Alfred Hoyt Granger's " Charles Pol- 
len McKim," published in November by 
the Houghton Mifflin Co., is dedicated 
" to William Rutherford Mead, the last 
of a great Triumvirate." 


Williams Reynolds Brown, Secretary, 
79 Park Avenue, New York City. 
Clarence Fuller Boyden, principal of 
the Cohasset Grammar School, and for 
a long term superintendent of the schools 
in Taunton, died recently at his home in 
Cohasset, Mass. His connection with 
the public school system covered a pe- 
riod of more than 40 years. He was 
born in Attleboro, March 5th, 1846, the 
son of Alexander A. and Harriet G. 
(Fuller) Boyden. He received his early 
education in the public schools of that 
town and at the Stoughtonham Insti- 
tute, Sharon. After his graduation he 
taught school for a year in North Provi- 
dence, R. I., resigning to take up the 

study of law. He studied law with 
Judge Allen at Salem, N. Y., 1870- 
72, but owing to his father's death he 
gave up his legal studies and resumed 
teaching. He went to Taunton in 1872 
as submaster in the high school there 
and was afterward principal of the Weir 
and Cohasset grammar schools. In 
1899 he was elected superintendent of 
schools and was re-elected until 1905. 
He then resumed his former position as 
principal of the Cohasset school, which 
he held until his death. He was mar- 
ried July 4th, 1876, to Isabell H. 
Anthony, of Taunton, who survives 

Professor Emeritus Waterman T. 
Hewett of Cornell University has re- 
cently finished his work on "The Bib- 
liography of the Writings of Goldwin 
Smith." Professor Hewett has been 
engaged in the preparation of this work 
for several years. In this he has received 
assistance from the librarians of the 
Bodleian, the British Museum, and all 
of the important libraries in the United 
States. The book contains an Intro- 
ductory Note by Professor Hewett, an 
index of periodicals to which Goldwin 
Smith contributed, the bibliography 
itself, which was compiled fi'om all of 
the original sources, and an Appendix. 
Professor Hewett is spending the winter 
in Egypt. In the spring he will travel 
through the Holy Land, Greece, Italy 
and Germany. Later he will spend 
some time at the University of Oxford. 
His stay abroad will be indefinite. 


George H. Eaton of Calais, Me., died 
in Boston July 9. He was born in Mill- 
town, N. B., in 1848, the oldest son of 
Henry F. and Anna L. (Boardman) Ea- 
ton. After graduating from Amherst, he 
returned to his native town to enter the 



lumber business. In the course of a few 
years he became, with his brother Henry, 
a partner of the firm widely known as 
H. F. Eaton & Sons. In 1871 he was 
married to Miss Elizabeth W. Boyden 
of Chicago, and a few years later moved 
to Calais, Me. He was a member of the 
American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions, a director of the Maine 
Missionary Society and a trustee of 
Bangor Theological Seminary. The 
prominence of Mr. Eaton in the business 
world, together with his sound judgment 
and strict probity of character, secured 
him many positions of honor and trust. 
He was the head of several important 
financial institutions and philanthropic 
organizations, and served the state in 
both the House of Representatives and 
the Senate. 

The old Plymouth Church of Milwau- 
kee, Wis., has been sold, and a new house 
of worship in the north part of the city, 
near the Milwaukee Downer College, is 
in process of construction, under the 
leadership of the pastor emeritus. Rev. 
Judson Titsworth. 


Raymond L. Bridgman has been giv- 
ing a series of lectures at the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College on "World 


Rev. Albert H. Thompson, Secretary, 

Raymond, N. H. 

George E. Church died of heart dis- 
ease, in Providence, R. I., on September 
28th. At the time of his death he was 
principal of the Pease Street Grammar 
School of that city and was the oldest 
teacher in grammar grades in point of 
service, having been a principal in Prov- 
idence grammar schools for 41 years. 
These positions, his associations with 
educational affairs and genial character. 

made him very widely known. He was 
born in Woodstock, Conn., in 1846, his 
early education there being interspersed 
with work on the farm and with assist- 
ance to his father in making shoes. He 
taught school one winter term at Hamp- 
ton, Conn., when only 16 years of age, 
and then studied at Phillips Exeter 
Academy. Mr. Church was principal 
of Thurber Avenue School for five years, 
principal of 0.xford Street School for 
twelve years, and since 1889 bad been 
principal of the Pease Street School. 
He was also ex-president of the Rhode 
Island Institute; president of the Barn- 
ard Club not only when it was an asso- 
ciation of grammar school masters but 
afterward when its field was broadened. 
He was secretary of the American Insti- 
tute of Instruction for five years and 
president in 1899; was first chairman of 
Board of Directors of Barnard Club 
School of Pedagogy, and of Barnard 
Club School of Child Study. He had 
been president of the Amherst Alumni 
Association of Rhode Island and a 
director of the National Educational 
Association for a number of years. He 
is survived by a widow and two sons, 
one, George Dudley Church, princi- 
pal of the Family School for Boys at 
Farmington, Me., the other, Fred- 
erick Ashley Church, of the Mechanic 
National Bank of Providence. 

John M. Tyler, Secretary, 
Amherst, Mass. 
Doane Rich Atkins died October 
nth at South Haven, Mich. He was 
born April 25th, 1845, at Truro, Mass., 
the son of Paul and Kezia (Paine) At- 
kins. He prepared for college at Phil- 
lips Andover Academy, and attended 
Yale Divinity School, 1837-1876, grad- 
uating with honors. He was ordained 



in 1877, was pastor first at Westbrook, 
Conn., and then did home missionary 
work in Dakota in the years 1881-1887. 
He served at Brimfield, 1879-1881, and 
in the Congregational Church, Calumet, 
Mich., 1888-1892. He was the author of 
a "Historical Discourse" commemora- 
tive of 150 years of the Congregational 
Church of Westbrook, Conn., "Report 
on Olivet College" and "The David 
Irving Calendar." He was married 
December 25th, 1883, to Elizabeth 
Wessen of Worcester. 

Talcott Williams, director of the Pul- 
itzer School of Journalism of Columbia 
University, and one of the editors of the 
Columbia University Quarterly, has just 
been elected president of the Honest 
Ballot Association, "a union of citizens 
without regard to party to insure clean 
elections in New York City, and to pre- 
vent honest votes from being offset by 
trickery and fraud," He was also elec- 
ted president of the American Con- 
ference of Teachers of Journalism at 
Madison, Wis., on November 29th. Dr. 
Williams gave an address before the 
Christian association meeting of the 
college on Sunday, December 7th. His 
subject was "Journalism as a Profes- 


Elihu G. Loomis, Secretary, 

28 State Street, Boston, Mass. 

William F. Slocum recently celebrated 
his twenty-fifth anniversary as President 
of Colorado College. During his presi- 
dency the college has grown from an 
enrollment of thirty students and nine 
instructors to a college of 587 stu- 
dents and seventy-two instructors. 
President Slocum was a delegate to 
the Hague conference during the past 

Melvil Dewey is the author of a chap- 
ter on "Office Efficiency" in Dunham's 

"Business of Insurance," recently pub- 
lished in three volumes. 

Prof. Levi H. Elwell, Secretary, 

Amherst, Mass. 
Arthur F. Skeele has just finished a 
pastorate of five years at Olivet, Mich. 


William M. Ducker, Secretary, 
277 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. John Howland of the Colegio 
International, Guadalijara, Mexico, was 
one of the speakers at the Council of 
Congregational churches held recently 
in Kansas City. 

The lecturer appointed for this year 
on the William Brewster Clark Founda- 
tion is Professor George Howard Par- 
ker, of the department of zoology at 
Harvard. His subject will be "Biology 
and Human Problems." 


Rev. a. DeW. Mason, Secretary, 

222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

On October 12th, the Congregational 
Church at Westfield, N. J., of which the 
Rev. Samuel L. Loomis is pastor, dedi- 
cated a new parish house. The building 
is three stories in height and provides 
splendid accommodations for all the 
activities of the church. The basement 
contains a large hall which will be used 
as a gymnasium and basket-ball court, 
also for a banquet and school room. 
The main floor contains the assembly 
room and class rooms for the Sunday 
School and the balcony floor provides 
other accommodations for school and 
social work. 

William Alexander Macleod died at 
his home in Dedham, Mass., on Novem- 
ber 3rd. He was the son of William and 



Helen (Harvie) Macleod and was born 
in Providence, R. I., March 19th, 1856. 
He fitted for college under the private 
instruction of President Goodell of Am- 
herst. He attended the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College 1872-1876 and Am- 
herst 1876-1877. He received the de- 
gree of B.S. at Boston University in 
1876, and LL.B. at the same university 
in 1879. Mr. Macleod was the senior 
partner of the law firm of Macleod, 
Culver, Copeland (Amherst, '77) and 
Dike, with offices in Boston and Wash- 
ington, D. C, and had a widely ex- 
tended reputation as a patent attorney. 
He was also for many years connected 
as president and counsel, with the 
Florence (Mass.) Manufacturing Com- 
pany of which the late Frank N. Look 
was treasurer and manager. He was 
married June 15th, 1882, to Lola, daugh- 
ter of Ward J. McConnell, of Greens- 
boro, N. C. Mr. Macleod passed some 
months in Europe during the summer of 
1913, in the effort to re-establish his im- 
paired health, but was not able to re- 
sume his usual duties on his return, and 
lingered at his home until his death. A 
delegation of the Class, consisting of 
Copeland, Kyle, Keith, Tobey and 
Graj% were present at his funeral. Since 
his death his son, Cameron Macleod, 
has been admitted as a partner into his 
father's law firm, which continues under 
the same firm name. Mrs. Macleod and 
four children survive him. 

Rev. A. DeW. Mason and Rev. Sid- 
ney K. Perkins each have a son in the 
freshman class of the college. 

Sumner Salter has written arrange- 
ments of the "Te Deum" and the "Ju- 
bilate" which have become favorites at 
West Point, where they are rendered 
with a fvdl orchestra and a chorus of 
eighty voices. The choirmaster wrote 
the composer "that he did not know 
Tvhat he would do without them as they 

were used on all special occasions." 
They are also used at Harvard, Yale, 
Columbia and other colleges. Salter is 
head of the Department of Music at 
Williams College. 


H. Norman Gardiner, Secretary, 
Northampton, Mass. 

Henry P. Barbour was the principal 
speaker when on November 5th ground 
was broken for the new Congregational 
Church at Long Branch, Cal., and on 
the evening of the same day gave an 
illustrated lecture on the new building, 
which he has been largely instrumental 
in getting erected. The building is to 
cost $120,000 and it is believed that it 
will be the finest of its kind in Southern 

Dr. Marcus B. Carlton, after many 
years of exhausting work as superin- 
tendent of one of the largest leper 
asylums in India, has been nervously 
prostrated and is now under the care of 
Dr. Joseph A. Sanders, '78, in the sanita- 
rium at Clifton Springs, N. Y. Class- 
mates are asked to send him cheering 

Rev. Edward O. Dyer is still a lover 
of the mountains and the woods, among 
which he spends his vacations, and of 
literature, to which he occasionally con- 
tributes. His latest publication was a 
poem in fourteen stanzas called "The 
Bells of Chester." Chester, Conn., is 
where he is settled. 

H. Norman Gardiner read a paper on 
November 18th before the Hampshire 
Association of Congregational Ministers, 
meeting at Amherst, on "Eucken's Con- 
tribution to Religious Thought." 

Dr. Guy Hinsdale of Hot Springs, Va., 
was awarded the Hodgkins prize of 
$1,500 by the Smithsonian Institution 
to be equally shared by Dr. S. A. Knopf 



of New York City. The prize was 
awarded for the best essays on Tuber- 
culosis and Atmospheric Air. 

Charles H. Moore, who recently re- 
signed his position as organizer of the 
Negro Business Men's League, is now 
working in the interest of Bennett Col- 
lege, Greensboro, N. C, one of the 
schools established under the auspices of 
the Freedman's Aid Society of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. He also 
frequently contributes to the press arti- 
cles dealing with the welfare of both the 
colored and the white race. 

Walter B. Mossman's daughter, Helen, 
was married on October 11th, at Lee, 
Mass., to Edwin Clyde Robbins, a grad- 
uate of the University of Iowa and at 
present a candidate for the Ph.D. at 
Columbia University. 

Rev. Stephen A. Norton has been 
given a leave of absence by his church 
in Woburn, Mass., and plans to travel 
with his family for several months in 
Bible lands and through Europe, sail- 
ing from New York on the Caronia on 
January 31st. 

Rev. Stephen A. Norton and Rev. 
Joseph H. Selden attended the meetings 
of the National Council of Congrega- 
tional Churches recently held in Kansas 

Orren Burnham Sanders died in Bos- 
ton on September 25th, 1913. He was 
born in Rockingham County, N. H., 
November 18th, 1855. After leaving 
Amherst he went to Boston University 
where he was graduated in 1879. 

Frank W. Stearns' daughter, Emily 
Williston, was married on November 
15th at Newton, Mass., to William 
Henry Giese, '02. 

Alfred O. Tower, who is District 
Superintendent of Schools for the South- 
ern Berkshire District of Massachusetts, 
is the editor of a set of books entitled. 

"Gold Nuggets of Literature," pub- 
lished by the Educational Publishing 
Co., Boston. 


J. Franklin Jameson, Secretary, 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 

At a recent dinner of the men of the 
Clinton Avenue Congregational Church, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., held at the University 
Club, Dr. Nehemiah Boynton, '79, 
presided. Among the speakers were 
Charles S. Hartwell, '77, Rev. Morrison 
P. Boynton, '10, and G. Preston Hitch- 
cock, '92. Edwin Fairley, '86, was 
chairman of the dinner committee, and 
other Amherst men present were Dr. 
Arthur R. Paine, '71, Samuel C. Fairley, 
'92, and Arthur P. Paine, '08. 

A recent number of the Outlook con- 
tained the following: "Henry Clay 
Folger, Jr., is said to have one of the 
finest collections of Shakespeariana in 
the United States. He recently became 
the owner of the late Sir. Edward Dow- 
den's Shakespearean library, comprising 
some 2,000 volumes. Book-collecting 
is Mr. Folger's avocation; in the busi- 
ness world he is known as the President 
of the Standard Oil Company of New 

Professor J. Franklin Jameson, of the 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C., 
will be one of the lecturers at Brown 
University this year. At the annual 
meeting of the American Historical 
Association, in December, he read a 
paper on "Reasons for Studying Ameri- 
can Religious History," and led a dis- 
cussion on the "Present Status in 
Regard to a National Archive." 

The New York Evening Post of De- 
cember 11th reprinted from the Peking 
Gazette an article by Professor Frank J. 
Goodnow, legal adviser to tlae Chinese 
government, on the draft constitution 
prepared by a committee of the Chinese 



Parliament. After this was prepared, 
a further draft, prepared by Professor 
Goodnow, was submitted to Parliament 
by the President of the Republic. 
Professor Goodnow has been lecturing 
at Peking University and also at the 
Government, formerly the Imperial, 

Before his departure for China, Pro- 
fessor Goodnow and Dr. Frederick C. 
Howe were appointed by the Board of 
Estimate of New York to investigate the 
city's system of school administration. 
Their report has recently been published 
in part, and has aroused much favorable 

The First Presbyterian Church of 
York, Penn., of which Rev. John E. 
Tuttle Is pastor, celebrated, in a series 
of meetings from December 7 to 10, the 
sesqui-centennial of the church and the 
centennial of the granting of the charter. 

Frank H. Parsons, Secretary, 

60 Wall Street, New York City. 

Price Collier, the well known author, 
who died suddenly last November, was 
for one year a member of '81. 

The Macmillan Co. has recently 
published a volume by Rev. Charles H. 
Dickinson on "The Christian Recon- 
struction of Modern Life." 

The Columbia University Quarterly 
for December contained an article on 
"The Appeal of the Natural Sciences" 
by James F. Kemp. Professor Kemp 
attended the international geological 
congress at Toronto last August, and 
before the opening of the congress re- 
ceived the honorary degree of LL.D. 
from McGill University. 

Starr J. Murphy has been elected a 
director of the Manhattan Railway 
Company and of the American Ship- 
building Company. 


John P. Cushing, Secretary, 

New Haven, Conn. 

In the October number of the Inter- 
national Review of Missions, President 
Howard S. Bliss, of the Syrian Protes- 
tant College, Beirut, discusses the 
Balkan War and its effect on Christian 
work among Moslems. It will have as 
a first effort a fresh awakening of the 
Moslem mind, a greater readiness to 
receive new ideas. This, however, 
secondly, will not at once make them 
more inclined to receive the Christian 
faith, but for a time will make them 
more bitter. Thirdly, it will put upon 
the Christian missionary an obligation 
to put emphasis on points hitherto not 
sufficiently prominent, — so that while 
he must continue to be as heretofore 
ardent, zealous, fearless, tireless, con- 
fident, he must also be discreet, tactful, 
large minded, generous. "As never be- 
fore he must convince men of his desire 
to pursue his task in the spirit of frank- 
ness, of humble-mindedness, of teach- 
ableness, of fairness, of sympathy, and 
of appreciation; in the spirit of gentle- 
ness and sweet reasonableness." 

At the anual meeting of the American 
Historical Association, in December, 
Frederic Bancroft read a paper on 
"Some Phases of Ante-Bellum Poli- 

Arthur F. Odlin, formerly judge of the 
Court of First Instance in the Philippine 
Islands, spoke at Mohawk conference 
in October on "Independence, a Bane 
and Not a Blessing." 

Dr. Watson L. Savage, formerly 
director of the Pittsburg Athletic Asso- 
ciation, has returned to New York and 
opened a private exercise studio at 56 
West 45th Street, especially for individ- 
ual work requiring medical oversight. 
A squash and hand-ball court will be 



maintained in connection with the 

Walter S. Ufford and Miss Elizabeth 
Moore, of Baltimore, Md., daughter of 
John Wilson Brown, were married on 
November 15th, at Baltimore. Their 
residence is at the Argyle, 3220 17th 
Street, Washington, D. C, where Ufford 
is general secretary of the Associated 


William Orr, Secretary, 

307 Ford Building, Boston, Mass. 

Walter Taylor Field had a poem, 
"Thought for the Morning," in the 
Congregationalist for October 16th. 

The Bangor (Me.) Daily Commercial 
of October 29th, contained a long article 
based on a paper read by Martin L. 
GriflSn before the Maine branch of the 
American Chemical Society on the sub- 
ject of the measurement and commercial 
valuation of wood for the pulp and paper 
industry. Griffin is chemist of the 
Oxford Paper Co., at Rumford, Me. 

Rev. Cornelius H. Patton of Boston, 
who has just returned from a trip around 
the world, visiting the mission stations 
of the American Board, delivered the 
closing address of the United Missionary 
Campaign Conference at the First 
Church, Northampton, Thursday even- 
ing, December 4th. He is home secre- 
tary of the American Board, having 
oversight of the cultivation of the 
churches with reference to obtaining 
the men and the means for conducting 
the Board's work. On December 14th, 
Dr. Patton gave an illustrated lecture 
in Johnson Chapel on "Along African 


WiLLARD H. Wheeler, Secretary, 
2 Maiden Lane, New York City. 

Arthur H. Dakin is president of the 
Amherst Country Club. 

Rev. Frank J. Goodwin has an article 
in the CoJigregationalist of December 
18th entitled "Providing for the Min- 
ister's Old Age." 

James H. Tufts was recently elected 
president of the American Philosophical 

Guy W. Wadsworth is now engaged 
with the Board of Temperance of the 
Presbyterian Church as secretary of the 
Western District, including the nine 
Pacific Coast and Mountain States. 
His headquarters are at Los Angeles, 

W^alter F. Willcox represented Am- 
herst at the inauguration, in October, of 
Kerr Duncan Macmillan as president of 
Wells College. 

Frank E. Whitman, Secretary, 

490 Broome Street, New York City. 

Arthur F. Stone, former editor of the 
St. Johnsbury (Vt.) Caledonian, has pub- 
lished a volume entitled "Speeches of 
Wendell Phillips Stafford," a jurist and 
orator of whom Vermonters are proud. 

In the January number of The Forum 
is an article by Alvan F. Sanborn on 
"The New Nationalism in France." 


Charles F. Marble, Secretary, 
4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 
Rev. John Brittan Clark, pastor of 
the Westminster Church, Detroit, Mich., 
preached at Washington, D. C, on 
Sunday, November 24th, filling the pul- 
pit at the 4^th Street Church. On the 
following day he lectured before the 
Waldernarian Society of Baltimore, 
Md., repeating the same lecture that 
evening in the First Congregational 
Church of Washington. 

Rev. Allen Cross preached recently at 
the First Congregational Church at Am- 
herst. He is at present living in Brook- 



line, but has no permanent pastorate. 

Edward H. Fallows is president of the 
Harmony Club of America. 

Rev. Milo H. Gates, vicar of the 
Chapel of the Intercession, Trinity Par- 
ish, New York City, was recently elected 
missionary bishop to Cuba, but de- 
clined the appointment. The New 
York papers published his letter of 
declination, as follows: 

My appreciation of the unexpected 
action of the convention in electing me 
to succeed Bishop Knight is the pro- 
founder because you seemed to have 
thought that I could in some measure 
carry on the wonderful work which he 
has built up in Cuba. I think that 
everywhere those who are familiar with 
the character of the Spanish peoples are 
the most impressed by the real grandeur 
of what, under God, he has accomplished 
there. It is felt that his accomplish- 
ments in Cuba deserve to rank with any 
of the victories of missionary progress. 

To have been privileged to share in 
such a cause would be to me the great- 
est joj\ Since learning your will I have 
given every consideration in every way 
one so called by so plain a voice from 
God could give to learn my duty. 

I have been aware that, in the inter- 
ests of the work, an answer shoidd be 
given at once. I feel that the decision 
which I have made would have been the 
same had I considered for weeks in- 
stead of for days. My clear duty seems 
to be to remain at my present post. 

At the annual convention of the 
American Bankers Association, held at 
Boston in October, Clay H. Hollister 
submitted his report as chairman of the 
committee on bills of lading. 

The North American Review for Jan- 
uary contains an article by Daniel F. 
Kellogg on "The Disappearance of the 
Right of Private Property." 

The Los Angeles Church Extension 
Society under the able superintendence 
of Rev. George F. Kenngott has made 
remarkable progress. It now owns 
property valued at $10,000. From The 
Occidental College Bulletin, of Los An- 

geles, under the head of Additions to 
the Faculty, we quote: 

George F. Kenngott, Ph.D., who of- 
fers courses in Social Ethics this coming 
year, is an honor graduate of Amherst 
and Harvard, receiving his doctorate 
from the latter. He is the author of 
several works, one being "The Record 
of the City," which has been adopted as 
a text-book at Harvard. His activities 
have been almost altogether along hu- 
manitarian lines, and the blend of aca- 
demic and practical training, topped by 
his remarkable enthusiasm, have given 
him a mastery of the subject rarely at- 
tained. His class room, it is safe to say, 
will prove a magnet for those students 
who think more than carelessly upon 
living questions. 

Frederic B. Pratt, Secretary, 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Alexander Brough has been appointed 
deputy comptroller of New York City. 

Seelye Bryant of Winthrop Beach has 
moved to South A^ttleboro, Mass. 

In a recent number of The Chris- 
tian World, Kanzo Uchimura, who is a 
devout Christian Japanese, expresses 
doubts of the success of American Mis- 
sions in Japan, on the ground of the 
difference in temperament and spiritual 
attitude of the two races. The Ameri- 
can practical and active nature seems to 
him like lack of piety, and it does not 
know how to approach the more mystic 
and contemplative mind of the Oriental. 

Asa G. Baker, Secretary, 

6 Cornell Street, Springfield, Mass. 

The annual report for 1911 of the 
American Historical Association, which 
has recently been issued by the Smith- 
sonian Institution, contains the twelfth 
report of the Public Archives Commis- 
sion, of which Professor Herman V. Ames 
is chairman. 



Harmon Austin is located in Cleve- 
land again. 

Albert S. Bard is now engaged in a 
new phase of work for the betterment of 
New York City. He is one of a com- 
mittee to investigate the complaints of 
Broadway hotel keepers that the large 
electric advertising signs are disturbing 
the sleep of their patrons. He served 
last year as secretary of the Billboard 
Advertising Commission, appointed by 
the late Mayor Gay nor; its report was 
recently published, and is quite elaborate. 
Bard is now secretary of the Municipal 
Art Society of New York City, and is 
also a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Honest Ballot Association. 

Rev. Irving A. Burnap for five years 
pastor of the Pilgrim Church, Parkville, 
Hartford, Conn., has resigned to accept 
a call to the First Congregational Church 
at Ivoryton, Conn. He assumed his 
new duties on November 15th. 

Shattuck O. Hartwell of Kalamazoo, 
Mich., was elected president of the 
Michigan State Teachers' Association 
at their recent meeting at Ann Arbor. 

Warren J. Moulton, of Bangor Theo- 
logical Seminary, has been a director at 
the American school in Jerusalem during 
the past year. In coimection with his 
work. Dr. Moulton has traveled exten- 
sively in Egypt, Syria and Palestine. 
He returned this fall to Bangor Seminary. 

John E. Oldham is now chairman of 
the committee on public service corpo- 
rations of the Investment Bankers' 
Association of America. At their second 
annual convention, held at Chicago in 
October, he spoke on "Public Utility 

At a recent meeting of the directors of 
the Paul Revere Trust Company of 
Boston, Mass., William M. Prest, a di- 
rector, was elected president to succeed 
Edmund Billings, who resigned to be- 

come Collector of Customs for the Port 
of Boston. 

Robert H. Sessions and Miss Mary 
Fitzgerald were married on December 
1st, at Duluth, Minn. Their home 
will be at 708| East Fourth Street 
Duluth, Minn. 


H. H. BoswoRTH, Secretary, 

15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 

William Estabrook Chancellor had 
an article, "Starvation Ahead for Mil- 
lions, " in Neale's Monthly for September. 

Rev. William H. Day, pastor of the 
Congregational Church in Los Angeles, 
Cal., the largest Congregational church 
in California, and one of the largest in 
the country, has been granted a year's 
leave of absence during which he will 
make a tour around the world. 

Arthur Curtiss James is a director 
of the Redwood Library and Athenaeum 
at Newport, R.I. 

At the annual meeting of the Maine 
Teachers Association, held at Bangor 
recently, an address on "Measuring 
EflBciencies" was given by Frank E. 
Spaulding, superintendent of schools 
at Newtonville, Mass. Prof. Robert W. 
Crowell, '89, of WatervUle, Me., also 
read a paper. 


Edwin B. Child, Secretary, 

62 South Washington Square, New York. 

The item in the last issue of the 
QuAETERLT Concerning Rev. Charles E. 
Ewing was, we are glad to state, an 
error, although reported apparently 
with authority. The illness was of only 
short duration, and his recovery was 

Charles S. '^Tiitman will speak at the 
tenth session of the conference on "The 
Relation of Higher Education to the 
Social Order," of the Religious Edu- 
cation society at Yale University on 



March 7th. Mr. Whitman's topic will 
be "Making Social Citizens." 


WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Secretary, 
Easthampton, Mass. 

Rufus M. Bagg, professor of geology 
and mineralogy at Lawrence College, 
Appleton, Wis., has recently published 
an article on the "Pliocene and Pleisto- 
cene Foraminifera of Southern Califor- 
nia," Bulletin 513, U. S. Geological 
Survey, and also in Economic Geology, 
Vol. VIII, No. 4, June, 1913, and an arti- 
cle entitled "The Discovery of Pyrrho- 
tite in Wisconsin with a Discussion of its 
Probable Origin by Magmatic Differ- 

The New York Evening Post of Octo- 
ber 24th, contained an article on "The 
Novels of Edith Wharton " by Henry W. 
Boynton. The New York Times of 
November 2nd contained a review by 
Mr. Boynton of Brander Matthews' 
"Shakespeare as a Playwright." 

At the annual convention of the Amer- 
ican Bankers Association, held at Boston 
in October, Arthur B. Chapin addressed 
the Trust Company Section on "The 
Advantages of Cooperative Publicity in 
Trust Company Functions." 

At the annual dinner of the New 
Hampshire Society of New York, held at 
Delmonico's on December 13th, H. A. 
Cushing was one of the speakers. He 
has been elected a member of the Com- 
mittee on Library of the Union League 
Club of New York. 

The date for the Boston alumni ban- 
quet has been fixed for January 27th. 
Rev. John Timothy Stone will probably 
be the speaker of the evening. 

Rev. Charles N. Thorp of the First 
Congregational Church of Duluth, 
Minn., is the first pastor in his city to 

undertake the plan of down-town vesper 

Robert S. Woodworth has recently 
completed, in collaboration with Pro- 
fessor Ladd of Yale, a volume on " Phys- 
iological Psychology. " He was recently 
elected president of the American Psy- 
chological Association. 


DiMON H. Roberts, Secretary, 
Ypsilanti, Mich. 

The executive committee of ten 
members of the class is planning its 
yearly meeting in New York, sometime 
during the latter part of February or 
the first of March. This committee 
consists of ten members elected at the 
twentieth reunion. 

In the Boston Transcript of December 
24th Professor Hubert L. Clark has an 
article on "Carnegie Scientists in the 
Antipodes," giving some discoveries 
in Torres Straits, the great barrier reef 
of Australia, by a company of scientists 
of which he was one. 

Cornelius J. Sullivan is now vice- 
president of the National Exhibition 
Company, the corporation which con- 
trols the New York "Giants. " 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary, 
21 Main Street, Amherst, Mass. 
The Class Secretary has received the 
"Second Flight Cup" from the donor, 
Charles Dyer Norton. The cup is a 
copy by Crichton Brothers, New York 
City, of a Charles II tankard. It has 
a flat silver lid on which is engraved: 

"Amherst '93 
Second Flight Cup 
While there is life there's hope" 

On the cup are engraved the names: 
"From Charles Dyer Norton to Mahlon 



Sistie Kemmerer, February 13, 1913, 
John Francis Edgell, May 26th, 1913, 
Mayda Belle Gill, May 30, 1913, Donald 
Wales, June 21st, 1913, Sarah Eliza 
Sigourney Esty, October 6th, 1913, 
Frederick ScouUer Allis, Jr., November 
21st, 1913." 

On the bottom of the cup is engraved : 
"The Class Secretary, as Custodian un- 
der the deed of gift will give this cup in 
succession to each Class child born after 
January 1st, 1913, the child born last to 
hold the cup permanently." 

Two members of the class who at- 
tended the reunion last June have re- 
cently died. Henry H. Baker, a promi- 
nent lawyer in Hyannis, died not long 
since. He was counsel for the Cape 
Cod Construction Company and a mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the 
Massachusetts Bar Association. He 
had a wide reputation as a public 
speaker and as a trial lawyer. ^\Tiile 
assistant district-attorney for south- 
eastern Massachusetts he won many 
noteworthy cases. 

Ernest M. Bliss of Attleboro also died 
recently. Mr. Bliss had been seriously 
ill for a number of years, but he was 
present at the class reunion. He was a 
member of the Attleboro firm of Bliss 
Bros., and was prominent as the presi- 
dent of the local Y. M. C. A. It was 
under his administration that the asso- 
ciation put up a splendid hundred thou- 
sand dollar building. 

The following resolutions have been 
adopted by the class: 

The Class of '93 of Amherst College 
mourns the death of two of its members 
both of whom were at the class reunion 
last June — Ernest M. Bliss and Henry 
H. Baker. 

Bliss had been ill long and kept to the 
end his spirit of hope and courage. He 
served faithfully his town and his class 
and his fellowmen. 

Baker died under an operation for 
appendicitis. As a lawyer and a public 
servant he too won the regard of those 
who knew him. 

The class remembers these men with 
pride and extends its sympathy to their 

Frank M. Lay is treasurer of the 
Galesburg and Kewanee Electric Co. 

Herbert C. Wood, connected until 
last June with the Cleveland Public 
Schools, has recently opened an oflace 
for the practice of law and has given up 
his school work. 

George B. Zug, of the department of 
fine arts at Dartmouth, has this winter 
arranged for an extended series of art 
exhibitions at Hanover. In the evening 
course of lectures at Dartmouth, by 
various members of the Faculty, his 
subject was "The American School of 


H. E. Whitcomb, Secretary, 
Worcester, Mass. 

Professor Eugene W. Lyman of Ober- 
liu Theological Seminary is to conduct 
a Question Box in The Congregationalist 
and Christian World on the general sub- 
ject "The Building of a Faith for To- 
day." His purpose is constructive, to 
build and not to undermine. 

Rev. Austin Rice of Wakefield, pastor 
of the First Congregational Church, re- 
cently addressed the students of West- 
ern College, Oxford, Ohio, at chapel 

In the December number of The Mis- 
sionary Herald Principal Alfred E. 
Stearns has an article on "China and 
Western Civilization; an Indictment of 
Modern Commercialism." "The great- 
est obstacle to our progress is the for- 
eigner," he reports as a remark from an 
intelligent Western educated oflBcial of 
Kwantung province; and goes on to 
show the obstacles that Young China 



must encounter in trying to bring to its 
nation the advantages of western civil- 
ization, — obstacles interposed by the 
very nations to whom it has naturally 
looked for help and guidance. 

Harlan F. Stone has been elected by 
the executive committee of the class to 
the oflSce of class president. He has 
appointed the committees necessary for 
the Vicennial Reunion, and the race for 
the Trophy Cup inaugurated by the 
Class in 1904 is now on. 

Willis D. Wood is a member of a 
special committee of the New York 
Stock Exchange to consider the ques- 
tion of the admission of new issues of 
securities to the list of the exchange, 
and also the subject of corporate organ- 
ization and financing. 

W'lLLiAM S. Tyler, Secretary, 
30 Church Street, New York. 
Herbert L. Pratt has been elected 
president of the firm of Frederick 
Loeser & Co., one of the oldest and 
largest mercantile concerns in Brooklyn. 
Rev. Jay T. Stocking of Newtonville 
has accepted a call to the First Congre- 
gational Church of Washington, D. C, 
and has declined a call to a Milwaukee 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary, 
60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

Worthington C. Holman is now con- 
tributing to System a series of articles 
on the subject of advertising. 

A son, Laurence Archison, has been 
born to Rev. and Mrs. Herbert A. Jump. 
Mr. Jump recently accepted the pas- 
torate of the Congregational Church of 
Redlands, Cal., and assumed his new 
duties in December. An article by him 
appeared in the December Congrega- 

tionalist entitled "Winston Churchill, 
Novelist and Preacher." 

At the annual meeting of the Hamp- 
shire branch of the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, Prof. 
Everett Kimball, of Smith College, was 
elected one of the directors of the so- 

John T. Pratt is one of the new direc- 
tors of the New York, New Haven and 
Hartford Railroad Co. 

Mortimer L. Schiff has been elected to 
the Board of Managers of the New 
York Zoological Society. 

William S. Thompson, until recently 
in the publishing business in New York 
City, is now with the house of John C. 
Winston in Philadelphia. 

At the annual dinner of the Chicago 
Bar Association, on November 12th, 
Roberts Walker spoke on "The Income 
Tax." The address was later published 
in the Chicago Legal News. 

Dr. Benjamin K. Emerson, Jr., Sec- 
72 West Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Richard Billings has been elected a 
director of the Brinson railway, a 
Georgia company. 

Rev. Carl M. Gates of West Port- 
land, Me., has accepted a call to 
Wdlesley Hills, Mass. 

Edwin P. Grosvenor of Washington, 
D. C, son of Prof. Edwin A. Grosvenor, 
who has been connected with the De- 
partment of Justice since 1905, and a 
special assistant to the Attorney-Gen- 
eral since 1912, in charge of the prose- 
cution of the bathtub, harvester, moving 
picture and other so-called trusts, has 
resigned his position and will become a 
partner of former Attorney-General 
Wickersham and Henry W. Taft in 
New York City. During his connee- 



tion with the Department of Justice, 
Mr. Grosvenor has been exceptionally 
successful. The law firm with which 
he is now connected, which from 
Strong and Cadwalader now takes the 
name of Cadwalader, Wickersham and 
Taft, is one of the oldest firms in the 
city, having done business over one 
hundred years. 

Raymond V. IngersoU has recently 
been appointed Deputy Commissioner 
of Parks of New York City, having 
charge especially of the parks in the 
Borough of Brooklyn. He is also a 
director of the Legal Aid Society of 
New York. 

Raymond MacFarland was recently 
elected president of the New England 
Association of College Teachers of Edu- 

Rev. Chaeles W. Merriam, Secretary, 

31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 

Charles K. Arter has recently been 
chosen president of the Amherst Alumni 
Association of Cleveland and vicinity 
and Charles W. Disbrow, '94, secretary. 

From the "Additions to the Faculty" 
in the Occidental College Bulletin, Los 
Angeles, we quote: 

Another Amherst-Harvard man is 
Professor Julius W. Eggleston, M.A., 
who comes to the chair of Geology and 
Botany. Besides taking his master's 
degree at Harvard, he was instructor 
there before going to the Colorado 
School of Mines at Golden. For the 
last three years he has occupied a chair 
in the Mineralogical department of the 
Missouri School of Mines. Some dis- 
tinguished names vouch for Professor 
Eggleston's ability, and also for his 
genuine interest in the varied activities 
of student life. 

The fellow-teacher here alluded to is 
Dr. Kenngott of '86. 

Rev. Oliver B. Loud of Vernal, Utah, 
has accepted a pastorate at West Spring- 
field, Mass. 

G. P. Putnam's Sons have recently 
published "The Cubies' A. B. C." with 
pictures by Earl H. Lyall, and verses by 
Mary Mills Lyall. 

Cornelius B. Tyler has been elected a 
director of Milliken Brothers, Incor- 
porated, manufacturers of steel prod- 


E. W. Hitchcock, Secretary, 

26 Broadway, New York. 

Burges Johnson is now associated 
with E. P. Dutton & Co., with ofiBces 
at 681 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

The First Congregational Church of 
Keene, N. H., recently celebrated its 
175th anniversary and also the 125th 
anniversary of the dedication of the 
church. The historical address was 
given by the pastor. Rev. Rodney W. 
Roundy, '99. An address was also 
given by Rev. Lucius H. Thayer, '82, 
of Portsmouth, N. H. 


Fred H. Klaer, Secretary, 
334 South 16th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The college treasurer has received a 
check for $3,000 from Harold I. Pratt 
to pay for the relining of the swimming 

David TMiitcomb was toastmaster 
at the fourth annual Amherst- Williams 
banquet, held at the Rainier Club, 
Seattle, Wash., on November 15th. 
Among the speakers were William L. 
Brewster, '88, who spoke on " Commis- 
sion Government in Portland, "and D. 
Bertrand Trefethen, '98. 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary, 
14 Wall Street, New York. 
Edwin C. BufiFum, known on the 
stage as Edwin Cushman, is now play- 



ing in " Prunella" at the Booth Theatre, 
New York City. 

Aubrey C. Kretschmar is now located 
at Rochester, N. Y., being associated 
with the German-American Button Co. 

Ernest M. Pel ton has recently been 
elected president of the Central Advis- 
ory Council of New Britain, Conn., an 
organization composed of representa- 
tives from all the charity organizations 
of the city. A son was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Pelton on December 15. 

Helen Kendall Smith, wife of Pre- 
served Smith, died on December 23rd 
of typhoid fever at St. Luke's Hospital, 
New York City. The burial was from 
her former home at Walpole, Mass. 
Mrs. Smith was a sister of Henry P. 
Kendall, '99, and a niece of George A. 
Plimpton, '76. 

John L. Vanderbilt was married on 
October 30th to Miss Julia L. Park, 
daughter of Mrs. Charles F. Park, of 
Englewood, N. J. Mr. and Mrs. 
Vanderbilt are now living at Walnut 
Street, Englewood, N. J. 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary, 
30 South Street, Campello, Mass. 
Henry W. Giese of Boston was 
married at Newton, Mass., on Novem- 
ber 15th to Miss Emily W. Stearns, 
daughter of Frank W. Stearns, '78. 
The ceremony was performed by Rev. 
William F. Stearns, '82. Robert W. 
Maynard, '02, was best man. Mr. 
and Mrs. Giese will live at 1408 Com- 
monwealth Avenue, Boston. 

Clifford P. Warren, Secretary, 
168 Winthrop Road, Brookline, Mass. 
Frederick W. Shearer has been ap- 
pointed state superintendent of schools 
of Connecticut. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Washburn 
have announced the birth on August 
30th last of a daughter, Eleanor Rice 

Rev. Karl O. Thompson, Secretary, 

643 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Joseph B. Eastman, secretary of the 
Public Franchise League of Boston, has 
been representing the carmen and con- 
ductors in the arbitration hearings of the 
Boston Elevated Railroad. 

The trustees of Oahu College, Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii, wishing to express in a 
substantial way their appreciation of the 
ten years of great work done by Prof. 
Charles T. Fitts in that college, have 
presented to Mr. Fitts a well appointed 
mansion, with all the necessary equip- 
ment for housekeeping. 

The first break in the ranks of the 
class since graduation came October 26, 
1913, in the death of Rev. George 
Horatio Hoyt. He died on October 
26th at Ashfield, Mass., and the funeral 
was at St. John's, Ashfield, Bishop 
Davies and Rev. C. E. O. Nichols, '82, 
being the officiating clergy. Hoyt gradu- 
ated from the General Theological Semi- 
nary in 1907, and had served as rector 
at Southbridge, Oxford and Ashfield. 
A local paper speaks of his death as 
"a great blow to the people of St. 
John's. Grave, courteous, sincere, con- 
secrated, he never failed to win respect 
and affection. His ministry was brief 
but fruitful." A letter from Professor 
Erskine of Columbia University says 
of him: "For four years he has been 
curate at St. Agnes' Chapel, where I 
go to church, but the last two years he 
has been absent on leave, trying to 
fight off consumption. He made him- 
self singularly loved and admired here. 
I never knew a fellow who grew more 



quickly in spiritual ways, and he was 
a lover of Amherst." 

Professor Sanford M. Salyer, a mem- 
ber of the faculty of the University of 
Georgia, is on leave of absence studying 
English in the graduate school of Har- 
vard University. 

Ernest M. Whitcomb was operated 
on for appendicitis at Pratt Health 
cottage, December 16th, by Dr. Ralph 
H. Seelye, '86, of Springfield. The 
operation was successful and he con- 
valesced rapidly. 

John B. O'Brien, Secretary, 

309 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

The class of 1905 will hold a reunion 
towards the end of January in New York 
City. The date cannot be definitely 
announced as the arrangements have 
not been completed. Notices will be 
sent out in ample time. Any members 
of the class intending to visit New York 
at about the time mentioned are re- 
quested to notify the class secretary. 
In Boston and vicinity a committee 
comprising George H. B. Green and 
Joseph W. Bond has been appointed to 
look after class dinners and hereafter 
the Boston members of the class, as well 
as the New York group, will meet 
regularly. The Booster, the class paper, 
is slated to make an early appearance. 

George B. Utter of Westerly has been 
elected a member of the Republican 
state central committee of Rhode Is- 
land, and appointed a member of the 
executive committee of the same organi- 

Rev. Edwin H. Van Etten of Trinity 
Church, Boston, has been speaking to 
large noon-day audiences each Friday 
on Winston Churchill's book, "The 
Inside of the Cup." 

Hugh H. C. Weed, recently vice- 
president and general manager of the 
Carter Carburetor Co. of St. Louis, will 
locate permanently in New York as 
sales-manager of the Johns-Manville 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary, 

92 Canon Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

The New York members of this class 
held their second reunion this fall at 
Keen's Chop House in New York, on 
Friday evening, November 21st. The 
dinner was held in honor of the return 
of "Billy" Williams from Mexico where 
he has been assistant superintendent of 
one of the plants of the American Smelt- 
ing and Refining Company. His story 
of his experiences in the last six months 
was intensely interesting, including the 
capture by the rebels of the town where 
he was stationed, and many parleys 
with the generals of both sides. George 
Harris entertained the gathering with 
selections from grand opera, and some 
of the Russian songs which have been a 
feature of his recent concert work. 
Those present were J. H. A. Williams, 
Bale, Brown, Dillon, Hamilton, Harris, 
Peacock, Worcester and Van Etten. 

Frederick S. Bale has changed his 
address to 126 Columbia Heights, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The Outlook for January 3rd contained 
an article by Ernest G. Draper on "The 
College Man in Business." 

Ernest H. Gaunt is now with Babson's 
Statistical organization of Wellesley 
Hills, Mass. 

Rev. A. Harold Gilmore, who was 
graduated from the Chicago Theological 
Seminary last May, occupied the pul- 
pit of the Congregational Church at 
Turners Falls, December 21st. At pres- 
ent Gilmore is a resident of Bowman- 
ville. 111. 



In the November number of Every- 
body's there was an article entitled "The 
Sex-Tangled Drama," by James Shelley 
Hamilton, the author of "Lord Jeffery 
Amherst." The same magazine for 
December contains another article by 
Hamilton entitled "The Play's the 

Rev. George E. Wood, who has had a 
church at Red Oak, Iowa, has been made 
president of Gaber College, Iowa. 


Chakles p. Slocxjm, Secretary, 

262 Lake Avenue, Newton Highlands, 


The plan for an interchange of letters 
among the class, which was devised at 
the reunion last June, is being put into 
operation. The details of the scheme, 
together with instructions for coopera- 
tion, will be sent to each man. Powell, 
Gary, and Whitelaw are in charge. 
Notice of any recent change of address 
should be sent at once to Chilton L. 
Powell, Hamilton Hall, Columbia Uni- 

Stanley D. Allchin, who has been em- 
ployed in the leather business in South 
America since 1911, has been granted a 
furlough and will leave Argentine for the 
United States in April. 

Chester H. Andrews has recovered 
from the severe attack of appendicitis he 
suffered early in the autumn. 

Harry E. Barlow has been appointed 
general agent of the Connecticut General 
Life Insurance Co. for Springfield, with 
offices in Springfield and Amherst. 

Bruce Barton was married on October 
2nd to Miss Esther Maud Landall of 
Oak Park, 111. On their honeymoon, 
they stopped in Amherst at the time of 
fraternity initiations. Barton had an 
article in the Congregafionalist of Decem- 
ber 18th, entitled "A Young Man's 

The engagement of Edward C. Boyn- 
ton to Miss Charlotte V. Pierce of 
Evanston, 111., is announced. Boynton 
is at present completing his course at the 
Andover Theological Seminary. 

Rev. Harold S. Brewster will soon go 
to Bisbee, Ariz., to assume the rector- 
ship of St. John's Episcopal Church. 

Aaron C. Coburn was married on 
December 1st to Miss Eugenia Bowen 
Woolfolk, who was a deaconess at 
Grace Church, New York, where Coburn 
served as a curate until last spring. He 
is now rector of the Episcopal Church 
at Danbury, Conn. 

John L. Fletcher has recently moved 
to New York, where he has charge of 
the National Quotation Bureau, 66 
Liberty Street. 

Chester C. Graham is now connected 
with the J. E. Will Company, furniture 
manufacturers, at Bloomington, 111. 
Since his graduation he has been in 
business in Minneapolis. 

George C. Hood, who has been serving 
in China under the Presbyterian Board 
of Foreign Missions, has with two other 
men opened a new mission station at 
Nan Hsu Chou in central China. 

John J. Morton, Jr., a graduate 
of Johns Hopkins, has received an 
appointment on the surgical staff of the 
Brigham Hospital, Boston. 

Walter S. Price and Dwight A. Rogers, 
'08, who have been in the real estate 
business together in Westerly, R. I., 
have dissolved partnership by mutual 
consent. Price is continuing in the 

John W. Waller has recently concluded 
an engagement in "Snow White" under 
the management of Winthrop Ames. 

Rev. John D. W'illard spoke at the 
First Congregational Church of Amherst 




Hahrt W. Zinsmaster, Secretary, 

Duluth, Minn. 
J. Stanley Birge is studying agricul- 
ture at the University of Wisconsin. 

William H. Burg is a member of the 
firm of Smith, More & Co., 509 Olive 
Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Harrison L. Clough is now with W. 
H. McElwain Co., Merrimack, N. H. 

Harry W. Davis is with the Univer- 
sity orchards, Stevensville, Mont. 

Charles D. Merrill is now with East- 
man Dillon Co. of New York City, 
dealers in investments and securities. 

A. Maynard Steams is with the A. 
T. Steams Lumber Co., Neponset, Mass. 


Edward H. Sudburt, Secretary, 
343 Broadway, New York. 
Arthur E. Bristol was married to Miss 
Marian Fernold of New York City on 
November 27th. After January 1st 
they will be at home at 195 Hillside 
Avenue, Glen Ridge, N. J. 

Charles P. Chandler will enter St. 
Luke's Hospital, New York City, on 
January 1st. Since graduating from 
Columbia Medical School in 1913, he has 
been practising in Montpelier, Vt. 

Fred R. Gilpatric has been elected 
secretary of the Connecticut Amherst 
Alumni Association. 

Donald McKay was married to Miss 
Mabel Jones of Newton Highlands, on 
November 29th. 

Christian A. Ruckmich received the 
degree of Ph.D. at Cornell University 
last spring and is at present an instructor 
in psychology at the University of 


Clarence Francis, Secretary, 
26 Broadway, New York. 
Clarence Birdseye has an article in 
the November Oitting on "Camping in 
a Labrador Snow Hole," and in the 
December number on "The Truth 
about Fox Farming. " 

Joseph B. Bisbee, Jr., is now working 
with the Dutchess Manufacturing Com- 
pany in Poughkeepsie. His home 
adiiress is 248 Church Street. 

A son, Elliott H., was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Harris L. Corey on December 2d, 
at their home in Toledo, Ohio. 

Horace S. Cragin of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and Miss Sylvia Robinson of Rutland, 
Vt., were married recently. They are 
now living at 99 Norway Street, Boston. 

John S. Fink has formed a partner- 
ship for the practice of law with John R. 
Keister. They have offices in Greens- 
burg and Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Weston W. Goodnow is installing a 
cost account system in the office of the 
Fort Orange Paper Co. 

John P. Henry, star catcher of the 
Washington "Senators, " in the capacity 
of vice-president of the Players' Pro- 
tective Fraternity, has formally ratified 
the sweeping demands made by the ball 
players' fraternity. Among the de- 
mands in the list is a call for a complete 
revolution of the drafting and releasing 
system now in vogue in the major 

Alfred D. Keator has been appointed 
chief of the Useful Arts Department of 
the Minneapolis Public Library, Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Adolph M. Milloy has opened a law 
office at 609 Masonic Temple, Erie, Pa. 
Milloy 's partner is Samuel L. Gilson, 
Princeton, '08. 



Mr. and Mrs. Henry Smith announce 
the marriage of their daughter Camilla 
Elizabeth to Mr. Edward Eric Poor, Jr., 
at their home in Binghamton, N. Y., on 
December 17th. 

George F. Whicher is an instructor in 
English in the University of Illinois. 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary, 
72A Willow Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. Prentice Abbot, Jr., 
are spending the winter at 5 First Place, 
Brooklyn. N. Y. 

Thomas S. Cooke is employed in the 
Whiting (Ind.) works of the Standard 
Oil Co. of Indiana. 

Frank P. Elder has been awarded a 
$700 fellowship in chemistry at Colum- 
bia University. 

Robert H. George is completing his 
work for the degree of Ph.D. at Harvard. 
He will be married in April to Miss 
Katherine Ames, Smith '11, of Newton, 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis Cyrus Straat 
announce the engagement of their 
daughter. Miss Ruth Winnifred Straat 
to Harold Watson Haldeman, son of 
the Rev. I. M. Haldeman, of New York 
City. Haldeman has recently received 
his degree as electrical engineer from 
Columbia University. 

Harry Maynard, who was recently 
married, is studying at the Yale Medical 

Charles B. Rugg is now chairman of 
the Harvard Legal Aid Bureau, with 
offices at 744 Massachusetts Avenue, 

Mr. and Mrs. William T. Abbot, of 
77 Lyndhurst Street, Dorchester, have 
announced the engagement of their 
daughter Dorothy to Leighton S. 

Donnell B. Young, who is taking 
graduate work at Columbia, has been 
running with the Columbia track squad. 
He won first place in both the 100 and 
220 yard dashes in the interclass game 
there on November 4th. On account 
of the one year rule, he will not be 
eligible to represent Columbia for 
another year. However, he will be 
of much assistance to Bernie Wefers in 
coaching the Columbia quarter milers 
and will probably join one of the city 
athletic clubs. 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary, 
639 West 49th Street, New York, N. Y. 

C. F. Beatty is assistant superintend- 
ent of the Wax Refinery of the Standard 
Oil Co. of New York, at Blissville, L. I. 
He is also studying civil engineering at 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn. 

W. F. Burt is assistant to the super- 
intendent of the Kings County Works 
of the Standard Oil Co. of New York at 
Greenpoint, L. I. He is also studying 
civil engineering at Pratt Institute, 

D. F. Cass is assistant western man- 
ager of the "Boot and Shoe Recorder." 
A serial story of his is appearing in the 
All-Story Magazine. 

Herve Gordon de Chasseaud is in 
London, England, with the Interna- 
tional Banking Corporation of New 
York, with offices at 36 Bishopsgate 
Street, where he will royally welcome 
any Amherst man passing through 
Great Britain. 

J. Z. Colton is manager of a cran- 
berry bog at Shell Lake, Wis. 

^Villiam Hallec's article, "WTiat 
besides the Landscape.'* "which appeared 
in the Quarterly last April, was re- 
printed in the December number of the 
Columbia University Quarterly. 



A. B. Peacock has resigned from the 
city stafiF of the New York Sun and has 
entered the advertising department of 
the O'Sullivan Rubber Company, with 
offices at 131 Hudson Street, New York 

Glen L. Sigel is now attending the 
Harvard Medical School. 


Harold G. Allen is teaching at Milton 

Frank L. Babbott, Jr., is studying 
medicine at Columbia. 

Charles F. Bailey is in business in 
Montpelier, Vt. 

Raymond G. Barton is with Fox & 
Co., clothiers, Hartford, Conn. 

Kenneth B. Beckwith is with the New 
Departure Manufacturing Company, 
Bristol, Conn. 

Chauncey Benedict is a laboratory 
assistant at the Pratt Works, Brooklyn, 
of the Standard Oil Co. of New York. 
He is also studying civil engineering at 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Arthur H. Bond is studying civil engi- 
neering at M. I. T. 

Robert H. Browne is with the Musi- 
cal Instrument Sales Co., New York 

Frederick L. Cadman is studying law 
at Columbia. 

Harold V. Caldwell is an instructor 
in English at Ohio Wesleyan. 

Louis G. Caldwell is studying law at 
Northwestern University. 

John L. Coates is with the Standard 
Oil Co. of New York. 

Samuel H. Cobb is studying medicine 
at Cornell Medical School, New York 

Frank S. Collins is in the lumber busi- 
ness with Barr & Collins, Oak Park, 111. 

John W. Coxhead is in business with 
the Larkin Company of Buffalo, N. Y. 

Raymond W. Cross is with the Cross 
Leather and Belting Co, of Rochester 

John E. Farwell is studying at the 
Harvard Law School. 

Horatio G. Glen, Jr., is studying law 
in his father's office in Albany, N. Y. 

Paul F. Good is studying law in the 
University of Nebraska. He has re- 
cently obtained appointment as Rhodes 

Wilton A. Hardy is with the Stand- 
ard OU Co., New York City. 

John M. Jaqueth is studying at the 
Drew Theological Seminary. 

John L. King is farming in Peacedale, 
R. L 

Herschel S. Konold is with the Lud- 
low Mfg. Co., Ludlow, Mass. 

Kenneth C. Lindsay is with Lindsay 
Bros., makers of farm implements, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Henry S. Loomis is with the Library 
Bureau, Boston. 

Allison W. Marsh is in the Physical 
Education department at Amherst. 

Randolph S. Merrill is studying at 
Union Theological Seminarj'. 

W'alter W. Moore is in the sales de- 
partment of the Cambria Steel Co., 
Johnstown, Pa. 

Albert M. Morris is with Phelps 
Dodge Copper Co., Douglas, Ariz. 

George D. Olds, Jr., is with R. H. 
Stearns and Co., Boston. 

According to the official figures just 
published, H. P. Partenheimer, who 
played second base for the Syracuse 
club last summer, was the best fielder 
in the New York State League. He 
played in 47 games, had 853 put-outs, 
43 assists, and 8 errors, giving him a 
percentage of 991. Partenheimer has 
been appointed laboratory assistant in 
chemistry at Amherst while doing grad- 
uate work. 

Herbert H. Pride is in the Mathe- 



matics department at Williston Semi- 

Billiard A. Proctor is in the Stanley 
Hardware Works, New Britain, Conn. 

Perry A. Proudfoot is in the Rahway 
(N. J.) chemical works. 

Russell B. Rankin is with the New 
England Casualty Co., New York City. 

Emerson S. Searle is farming at 

John W. Simpson is in the Harvard 
Law School. 

Winfield S. Slocum, Jr., is in the 
Harvard Law School. 

Walter W. Smith is head of the Physi- 
cal Education department in the high 
school in Uniontown, Pa. 

Jack W. Steele is in the banking busi- 
ness in Painesville, Ohio. 

Frank P. Stelling is with the Stand- 
ard Oil Co. of New York. 

Lewis D. Stilwell is studying history 
at Harvard. 

Albert L. Stirn is representing his 
father's silk factories in Paris. 

Nelson Stone is studying at M. I. T. 
Raymond W. Stone is farming in 
Metamora, Mich. 

John T. Storrs is studying law at 

Robert I. Stout is in the banking busi- 
ness in Omaha, Neb. 

Erling A. Stubbs is with the Library 
Bureau, Boston, 

Hobart P. Swanton is studying law 
at Columbia. 

Miner W. Tuttle is with the Eastman 
Kodak Co., Rochester, N. Y. 

Charles H. Wadhams is with the 
Dispatch Lumber Co., East Rochester, 
N. Y. 

Ralph W. Westcott is with the Ameri- 
can Screw Co., Chicago, 111. 

Sanford P. Wilcox is studying busi- 
ness law at Harvard. 

Harry C. Wilder is in the hydraulic 
machinery business with his father in 
Malone, N. Y. 


President of the Massachusetts Senate 



Frontispiece: Portrait of Hon. Calvin Coolidge. 

Facing 159 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes 159 

Of College Fenestration. — A Passing and a Return. — 
Offensive College "Loyalty" 

The Legislation of Sound Sense. Calvin Coolidge, '95 . . 171 

The Span of Years. — In Arcady and After. Poetry. 

W.A.Corbin,'9Q 174 

The Buried Talent. Chilton L. Powell, '07 175 

Deacon Stebbins Pleads for the Ghosts. Poem read at 

the New York Alumni Banquet. Burges Johnson, '99 184 

t^fje ^mfjergt SUugtrious; 

Portrait of Julius H. Seelye. From photograph by Not- 

man, 1880. Facing 188 

Julius H. Seelye, Administrator and Teacher. William 

Orr, '83 188 

Clark, Silas Deane. A. D. Morse, '71 196 

2tf)f tHntrergraliuatcs 

Christian Effort and Expectation at Amherst. T. A. 

Greene, '13 200 

The Athletic Showing. E. M. Whitcomb 204 

(Official anb ^ersional 

The Trustees 206 

The Alumni 207 

The Classes 209 


Hon Calvin Coolidge, whose portrait is given as frontispiece, and whose 
inaugural speech as President of the Massachusetts Senate is the leading 
article, is a resident of Northampton, a lawyer by profession, and has been 
Mayor of Northampton and Member of the House of Representatives. 

Mr. W. a. Corbin, who writes the poems " The Span of Years" and " In Arcady and 
After," is professor of English literature in Wells College, Aurora, N. Y. 

Mr. Chilton L. Powell, who writes the article on " The Buried Talent," is a 
graduate student in Columbia University, New York. 

Mr. Burges Johnson, whose poem, "Deacon Stebbins Pleads for the Ghosts," 
was read at the banquet of the New York Alumni, February 27, is literary 
adviser in the publishing firm of E. P. Dutton and Co., New York. 

Mr. William Orr, who writes the article on "Julius H. Seelye, Administrator and 
Teacher," is Deputy State Commissioner of Education, Massachusetts. 

Anson D. Morse, LL.D., who reviews Rev. George L. Clark's book on Silas Deane, 
is Professor Emeritus of Historj' in Amherst College. 

Mr. Theodore A. Greene, who writes on "Christian Effort and Expectation at 
Amherst," is secretary of the Christian Association in Amherst College. 

Mr. Ernest M. Whitcomb, who reports "The Athletic Showing," is \'ice- 
president of the First National Bank in Amherst, and a member of the Alumni 
Council of Amherst College. 




VOL. Ill— APRIL, 1914.— NO. 3 


IN the University of Virginia, which you know was founded 
and planned down to its architectural details by Thomas 
Jefferson, there is pointed out a window within which, a 
few weeks before his death, the venerable statesman was seated 
where he could watch the workmen as they set 
Of College ^p^^ .^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ g^^j ^^g ^^ ^^^ beautiful Co- 
rinthian capitals in the porch of the central Ro- 
tunda. It was his last visit to the place on which he had expended 
such thought and high hope. Curious it is, how a small incident 
like this, recalled by some pertinent circumstance afterward, may 
shape itself into a kind of parable. When many years later the 
Rotunda was burned, that capital with its supporting shaft was 
the only one that escaped unscathed; and the window through 
which Jefferson looked, surrounded by restored work, remains 
as it was when his university was coming into existence, — ^which 
you know was just when Amherst College, with its ground newly 
broken for Johnson Chapel, was waiting for its charter. The 
remembered incident at Charlottesville, when the fire occurred, 
at once acquired a local sacredness. It was as if the Presiding 
Genius of the place, still spiritually present, were keeping faithful 
watch and ward at the historic window, and as if the ideal which 
brought the institution into being would in spite of destructive 
influences keep its ancient principle intact. 

It is because we feel at Amherst the presence of just such a 
steadfast spirit, and would give it room and reach, that ever since 
we started this Amherst Graduates' Quarterly the editorial 
notes with which we have begun every number have had the con- 


stant heading, "The College Window." We have had in our 
mind's eye some such station as that from which Jefferson watched 
the growth of his design; and we would give the spirit there seated 
the first say, the first chance of outlook and insight. Do not imag- 
me that we have adopted this heading idly, or as a mere stage 
flourish, like the "alarms and excursions" that figure in the old 
plays. From the point of view of originality, indeed, it is perhaps 
a little too reminiscent of Mr. A. C. Benson; but that is only be- 
cause he had the ill grace to anticipate us, — you know how some 
of the old writers, he who wrote Hamlet for instance, have a way 
of stealing our best things. The College window is ours just the 
same; our spiritual fenestration, so to say, for the free transmission 
of light. No; I do not mean the window seat: that would be too 
suggestive of smoke and sofa pillows, — something not for graduates 
but for very soft and juvenile undergraduates, and not affording 
the best view either within or without. Nor is it something to 
look at merely from outside, as if it were a show or a landmark. 
Some of us may recall how a poet, forgotten now but very popular 
forty odd years ago, described it from a point somewhere near 
Mount Warner: — 

"And eastward still, upon the last green step 
From which the Angel of the Morning Light 
Leaps to the meadow lands, fair Amherst sat. 
Capped by her many-windowed colleges. " 

I suppose he saw our venerable dormitories and Johnson Chapel; 
but he might have got much the same impression from a factory. 
The windows were only features, and our College window was not 
among them. Ours is a composite fenestration, the many gleam- 
ing as one; and as it were diffusive, for each alumnus can look 
through it where he is. And the steadfast spirit that keeps watch 
and ward there is not some solitary editor but you and I, all of 
us the graduates who in any way prize Amherst's welfare. The 
editor who writes the notes is only a self-constituted spokesman, 
trying to put into words the prospect that a view from the College 
window yields. 

Our College window is notable for the views it affords; views 
equally good whether one is looking out or in. Windows are not 
always built that way. Readers of the Biglow Papers will remem- 


ber how Birdofredum Sawin found an edifice whose fenestration 
was very different; "a kind o' vicyvarsy house" he called it, 

" built dreffle strong and stout, . . . 
An' with the winders so contrived, you'd prob'ly like the view 
Better alookin' in than out, though it seems sing'Iar tu." 

But you see, it was a prison, and he was inside, locked in; that 
made the difference. Our reason for liking the inside view through 
our window (for we like it too) is quite other : not because it looks 
into a place of intellectual bondage or hebetude from which we are 
free, but because it gives on a scene of vision and vigorous growth 
in which we have shared, and with whose wholesome spirit we sym- 
pathize. Sawin was thinking not of the view itself, which indeed 
was unpleasant enough, but of the spectator, who was transferring 
within his agreeable emotions at being outside. Our feelings 
about the college are more like those of Jefferson at his window. 
He sat within, and yet his regards were directed to a still deeper 
inwardness; he was dreaming of the time, symbolized by the swing- 
ing of that final capital into place, when his noble design would 
be fully realized. He was planning alike for beauty and perma- 
nence. Had he returned years later he might have seen the beau- 
tiful carving on which his eye last rested still unscathed by the 
hungry flame. And later still he might have seen, at the end of 
the vista where had been open field, Stanford White's Adminis- 
tration Building reverently true to his idea, yet with the improving 
touch of modern artistry and scholarship. It is a parable for us. 
There is a permanence of aim and principle in our inward view, 
which we would guard and cherish in all changes; there is a growing 
symmetry and beauty whose promise we would see made good in 
every new design for Amherst's eflSciency and welfare. And as 
graduates we are in the class with founders and builders; to us 
it is given to create what we would see, because the Amherst 
spirit has endowed us with eyes. 

But it is not the view looking in that most concerns us, that 
ultimately speaking concerns us at all. To look within is merely 
introspection; its regards are bounded by a self -closed circle; and 
introspection is essentially the same whether indulged in by the 
individual anxious for the working-order of his soul or the college 
anxious for the working-order of its curriculum. It, with the ad- 

162 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

justments that accompany it, is not an end but only a means to 
an end; not therefore a thing to be worked for as a supreme object 
but to be taken for granted and, so to say, primed and aimed for 
action. The prescribed college methods, the systems of recitations 
and lectures and marks and prizes, nay the merely disciplinary 
studies, necessary as they are, belong to the inward-looking view; 
and you know that such a prospect does not amount to much 
unless the light inside is brighter than the one without. What 
really concerns us, however, is the view looking from within out- 
wards; wherein the light that floods the window reveals the 
pageant of the world, the joys of creative thought, the values of 
well-employed life. Here we are brought, as we so often are, to 
one of the main factors in the new educational movement. Edu- 
cators are discovering that in learning as in morals to seek your 
life is to lose it. The self-regardful traits and trainings of college 
life, — in other words the activities belonging to the introspective 
look, — get only as far as the self; and they are good just so far 
as they build and beautify a self better fitted for the nobler uses 
of the world, and in that function they have their indispensable 
place. But it is the self-effacing love of truths the disinterested 
loyalty to the light of learning — in other words, the availing 
ourselves of the rich and varied landscape of life as we look from 
within outwards, — that gives our college fenestration its worthy 
design, its dignity, its glory. It is to promote this larger out- 
look, and from the outset of the college career to deepen the 
student mind to understand and appropriate it, that a new pro- 
fessorship has been founded, and a careful reconstruction of the 
curriculum is being weighed and studied. We await the results 
with sympathy and hope. 

When I try to think who are stationed at the window to get 
this view of the landscape of life and interpret it, my thoughts 
cannot stop with the professors who are here teaching or with the 
students who are making discoveries. I think of our alumni 
who are in other institutions, doing such work as we are doing here; 
of our specialist scholars who are scrutinizing some part of the 
landscape more closely; of our professional men and men of business 
who all over the land are making their insight and outlook available 
in active and practical ways. WTi^" — to use the current phrase — • 


it is up to US, all of us, to enrich the view from this College window; 
no one is exempt. Then my thoughts revert to that day of fire 
in the University of Virginia, when it seemed as if the Guardian 
Spirit of the place were keeping watch over that element of 
strength and beauty which had been put in position under his 
direction, keeping it from scathe and change. We have such a 
heritage to keep ; it survives in the composite view we have formed 
of life and its issues, and in the wholesome spirit of Amherst. And 
what we are to guard against is just what the old Biblical writer 
warned young men to escape by securing the better part early, 
lest they drift into that hardened, disillusioned, senile condition 
where "those that look out at the windows be darkened." 

MULVANEY is dead— I think," Mr. KipHng repHed in 
a reminiscent meditative tone to an American reporter 
a few weeks ago. It was in answer to an inquiry in 
which the reporter intimated that the readers of Kipling, while 
. they did not care to meet again the complete 

and a Return ^^^ rounded characters of fiction like Huckle- 
berry Finn or Henry Esmond, were very desir- 
ous of hearing more from the redoubtable Irish private — "a corp'ril 
wanst but rejuced" — Terence Mulvaney. It seems a pity that so 
long as his creator is alive one who comes so near being a modern 
D'Artagnan should become a mere twice-told tale. " No, he cannot 
come back, " Mr. Kipling continued, however, after a few seconds 
pause. "It won't do, you know. A character is born in your 
thoughts, and grows and is developed, and takes on virtues and 
vices, and becomes old, and then — well, just fades away, I take it. 
And that is the way with Mulvaney. I couldn't revive him — I 
could only galvanize him. He would be a stuffed figure with 
straw for bowels, and glass balls for eyes, and the people could 
see the strings I pulled him with. No, he is gone. " 

That the literary favorite of yesterday should cease to be so 
inspiring or convincing today is a fact too commonplace to be 
moralized upon; it is not for this that I here take note of the pass- 
ing of Mulvaney. Nor is to intimate that for a college generation 
whose chief reading, as a student recently informed me, is Kipling 
and O. Henry, it is time to revise their reading list and get a new 

164 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

preference. They will do that soon enough; there is a kind of 
peristaltic movement in the time which attends to that, whether 
we approve or object. And indeed it is of this peristaltic advance 
of thought and sentiment, especially as regards the real values of 
life, that the reported death of Mulvaney leads me to speak. 
Mulvaney may be taken as a matured symbol of this movement, 
and perhaps as a sign that it is ready to pass. From our college 
window we whose age has given us some breadth of horizon have 
observed the progress of it for years, not always without misgiv- 
ing; for we have seen successive generations of young men growing 
apparently more indifferent to religious matters, or even sharply 
critical of them, while the fancy of the time has so lightly turned, 
lured by the enticing art of fiction, to thoughts of the booze and 
profanity and daredevilry which so characterized Mulvaney and 
his mates. The sight of it has caused many pangs in parents and 
pastors; many fears for the generation coming on the stage. 
What is the future of religion to be? It is a far cry from the days 
when President Seelye taught the Westminster catechism; and 
since then there has been so much that was equivocal in relig- 
ious thinking and practice that it is hard for men of the older 
school to know, as the phrase is, "where we are at." The move- 
ment of things has been so uniformly away from the austere and 
dogmatic, and has dealt so tolerantly, not to say hankeringly, with 
the untamed passions and appetites of men, that we seem to be 
wellnigh at the opposite pole from the W'estminster confession. 
It cannot come back, one feels sure. But — as his creator reports 
— neither can Mulvaney come back; the big Irishman has done 
the worst and the best that it was in him to do, and what we get 
from him now we must get by memory. If he represents the end 
of a tether in the dubious and equivocal direction, then it would 
seem the next thing in order is some kind of return, some clearer 
definition of real values. And there are not wanting those who feel 
that such return is well on the way, is perhaps nearer than we 
have been inclined to think. Nay, I am not sure we should figure 
it as a return at all, but rather, when it comes, as a revealing stage 
in that peristaltic movement of which I spoke, — a movement in 
which the worthy has kept pace with the equivocal, though rela- 
tively unfelt, until death reveals it. We need only go to Mul- 
vaney himself and his ilk to assure ourselves of this. 


It does not take a very long memory to recall the naughty but 
delightful sense of theological audacity that greeted John Hay's 
poem of "Little Breeches," which in a subheading he character- 
ized as "A Pike County View of Special Providence." The senti- 
ment of the poem is as crude as it can be; it was so meant; for 
it portrays a rough and untutored mind brought into primal con- 
tact with a sacred idea, and makes it the source of a genuine 
though very rudimental article of faith. Another poem of Hay's, 
"Jim Bludso, " makes a steamboat captain whose life is laden 
with profanity and vice deliberately sacrifice his life to save the 
passengers on his burning boat, and thus brings into common and 
coarse personality an act of Christlike heroism. Such motifs as 
these, in the forty odd years since the Pike County Ballads were 
published, have had an extraordinary vogue and vitality; have 
become so much a matter of course indeed that literature is per- 
meated with them. To begin with they had a double object. 
One, their unassumed object, was to bring essentially religious 
values into the ordinary and unconventional affairs of life, making 
them avail in the classes of men who had been numbered among 
the reprobate. The other, in which their authors took a some- 
what unholy delight, was to administer a shock to the smugly 
virtuous and pious, who had monopolized the sanctions of religion, 
and thus to rob religion of its holy pose and tone. It was this 
second object that specially took the favor and fancy of readers. 
It made the religious impulse unconventional, and gave what 
men dearly love, a spice of depravity to it. Since then it is not 
too much to say human nature and experience have been ran- 
sacked to find this disguised religious motif operative, or as we 
may say to find a soul of goodness in things evil; it has been per- 
haps the leading sentiment in serious literature. No life has been 
deemed too humble or reckless or coarse or wicked to have some 
redeeming feature, however small: the mines, the lumber camps, 
the cowboy ranches, the slums, the barrack rooms, have all been 
requisitioned to furnish their quotas in revealing ennobling traits 
of human nature. At the same time the reaction against the 
saintly and pious has not lapsed but deepened. The man who lets 
his religion show in overt expression and dogma has been taboo. 
The verve, the romance, the tang of literature has been lavished 
on the equivocal side of character; the daredevil has been made 

166 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

the interesting man; until it has come about that heedless readers, 
many of them, associate religion only with hypocrisy and secret 
fraud, and assume that genuineness of character can coexist only 
with some picturesque form of "cussedness." A strange sort of 
irony has thus crept into young men's estimate of life; a sort of 
inverted hypocrisy, which, while secretly loyal to the good, puts 
on the tolerance and swagger of evil. There is nobility in its 
motive; but this sentiment against professing or divulging religion 
may become a sort of spiritual disease; and needless to say, like all 
diseases, it lowers the inner vitality. One can only hope that the 
analogy of some bodily diseases will hold good, — that when the 
perverse sentiment has run its course it will have operated to 
cleanse the system. 

Or this conversance with the equivocal elements of character 
and reaction against the saintly and sacred, Kipling, by reason of 
his commanding literary gifts, has long been a very influential 
representative; and no character of his more clearly reflects it 
than the hero of the Indian military cantonments, the ever reck- 
less and thirsty Mulvaney. That is why we take the report of 
his death as an event in literary history. He has reached the 
point where he has nothing more to give us; his audacities have 
worked their results, and have left his virtues ready to work theirs. 
We cannot expect him to go out in a blaze of stage glory, as did 
his prototype D'Artagnan. "The last mental picture I had of 
him," said Mr. Kipling, "was on the edge of a cut in India, where 
he was directing a gang of coolies building a railroad extension. 
There is no doubt that he was a bit seedy and down at heel." 
But it is not for the nemesis of his seediness that we cherish his 
memory; neither is it, on the other hand, for his taking of Lung- 
tungpen or his incarnation of Krishna. These are of the surface, 
and there is something deeper. With every one of his escapades 
there emerges some element of a sterling personality, some throb 
of a true and loyal heart, some act of support and helpfulness for 
men who almost owe themselves to his great sacrificing nature. 
He has in him the elements of essential religion, essential Chris- 
tianity. I am an admirer of Mulvaney, you see. And so I do not 
mind what his creator says about his passing; for there is that in 
him which does not die. It is only the ironies, the futihties, the 


cross-currents of his life that have died; and connected even with 
these there is a mystery of resurrection, so that the equivocal in 
him ceases to be equivocal. In a true sense we may say of him, 
in the words of the Shakespearean song, — 

"Nothing of him that doth fade. 
But doth suffer a sea-change 
Into something rich and strange." 

In other words, as we think of him in the nil nisi bonum spirit 
that belongs to the dead, our regards return from the equivocal, 
the perverse, the ironical estimate of inner things to the straight 
values of life, and we are not ashamed to own them. That is the 
real reason why so many of Kipling's readers want to hear more 
about Mulvaney, 

From our College window we can see this movement of return 
on the way, as we look both without and within. It is coming 
not by propaganda or by any disposition to force matters, but by 
a silent understanding, a taking of Christian values for granted. 
Professor Taft, when here, speaking in a private conversation of 
the delight he had in resuming touch with college life after so many 
years of separation from it, remarked that he found the students 
of this generation much more moral than were the students of his; 
this he could say, though there were other traits and customs not 
so good as in his day. This may be a token; another, one feels 
sure, is the evident increase of interest in religious thought, as 
shown in the eager response to Professor Shotwell's lectures, and the 
general quickening and deepening of serious inquiry. I am noting 
this here as a primal aspect of a larger movement, namely, the aspect 
of return: we may call it the return of respect for religion. To this 
we must look as a first stage in the larger advance. Young men, 
I think, are coming to see that not only the scapegrace and dare- 
devil but the commonplace respectable man may be religiously 
sincere and sterling; and obversely, that a profession of religion is 
not necessarily a cover for hypocrisy, nor necessarily a piece of 
outworn cant. In other words, they are learning to identify 
religious values with the values of common life, and Christianity 
with brotherhood and with social community of interests. It is a 
return from the irony of being good and pretending to be bad to 
the recognition of straight values, and the enlarging of these to the 

168 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

tolerance of the saint as well as the sinner, the man who has held 
the faith as well as the man who has made the dubious detour of 
ignorance and doubt. Of course the lesson is not all learned, and 
the angels of the return will have to do without wings for a while 
yet; but then, this is an earth fitted for other means of locomotion, 
and time will not be lost if the new generation, emerging to a new 
element, is sincerely engaged, like Milton's lion, "pawing to get 
free his hinder parts." There is much yet to do, in thought and 
will, to disentangle the ec[uivocal from the clear. But Mulvaney 
can never more be, in men's imaginations, the mere tough that 
he was; he himseK has blazed the way to finer things. 

AT the suggestion of a much-esteemed graduate we reprint 
here the following editorial article from the New York 
Evening Post of Saturday, March 7; and as you read it 
you will see that the only apologj^ needed for doing so is the apology 
^~ . of appreciation. We would not be understood to 

„ .. intimate that its animadversions fit Amherst; we 

"T 1*- " ^^^^ quite sure they do not; they simply fit whom 
they fit, and to select the example is the affair of 
the reader. You will please consider the rest of this editorial 
note, including the heading, as enclosed in quotation marks. 

The reasons why a man should have a feeling of gratitude, or 
even devotion, to his college are so plain that they do not need to 
be stated. To put it on the lowest ground, he is a beneficiary of 
the institution in which he was educated. What he got was fur- 
nished to him at less than cost. The opportunities which he en- 
joyed represented charity, and possibly sacrifice, on the part of 
those who endowed his college; or else a free gift from the State. 
To be insensible to all this would argue him an ingrate. It is no 
particular credit to a graduate to be what is called "loyal" to his 
Alma Mater. The virtue, if it be a virtue at all, belongs to the 
negative class. To display it is no merit, though to be without it 
would be a disgrace. 

In a true and just sense, also, a college man should cherish grate- 
ful remembrance of his teachers. They did their best for him 
ungrudgingly, often, as he is compelled to admit on later reflection, 
having to work on most unpromising and refractory material. In 



opeDing his mind and enlightening his ignorance, they did him as 
great a service as it of tens falls to one man to receive from another. 
Not to have a proper sentiment in return for all this would be most 
unworthy. Something of this must have been in Herder's mind 
when he said that a scholar who attacks his teacher, "bears Neme- 
sis on his back and the sign of reprobation on his forehead." All 
right-minded college men agree to that. In this and many other 
significations of the word "loyalty" that might be mentioned, they 
fully concede and act upon their duty to be loyal to their college. 

There are, however, certain extensions or perversions of the 
idea which they balk at and resent. One of the worst of them is 
the fantastic notion of college "loyalty" which has grown up in 
connection with undergraduate athletics. It has often been 
exposed. The Headmaster of Phillips Andover recently wrote 
about it in the Atlantic with both wonder and severe condemna- 
tion. How does it come about that a set of ordinarily decent and 
manly and honorable young fellows apply an utterly false and 
indefensible moral standard to athletics? How is it that they will 
condone and even applaud trickery, wink at cheating, and keep 
silent in the presence of manifest falsehood? Why, it is because 
they are bidden to do so in a spirit of intense loyalty to their school 
or college. And, of course, the thing spreads into graduate life. 
An alumnus is looked upon as a poor creature who will not go and 
cheer himself into a frenzy, and chill himself into a rheumatism or 
a fever, at one of the "big games." 

Upon another strange form of graduate college loyalty we feel 
bound to say a word. Every alumni association must know the 
type of man we mean. He is the graduate, of anywhere from five 
to twenty -five years' standing, who makes himself a perpetual 
nuisance and offence through excess of what he calls "loyalty." 
In his case, it moves him to be forever babbling about the "dear 
old college," or else calling upon everybody he meets to yell for the 
class of 1890. He infests college reunions, clapping strangers on the 
back and putting his arms about college mates, and shouting that 
he never can forget the time when Jones made a hit with the bases 
full. At every college dinner he gets tremendously effusive, as 
a result either of drink or a rush of sappiness to the head, and 

170 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

makes a speech declaring that if he could only let you see his heart 
you would see that all his blood ran blue, or white and green, or 
orange and black, as the case may be. This terrible college loy- 
alist is the getter-up of all kinds of uncouth and impossible alumni 
" movements." He is all the time proposing new funds, or passing 
around subscription-blanks, or writing impudent letters to people 
whom he does not know demanding that they join his particular 
organization, or send him a thumping contribution, all for the 
greater glory of the college to which he is so insufferably loyal. 

He is ordinarily so dull and thickskinned, this type of graduate, 
that it is almost hopeless to seek to wake him to his folly, or make 
him see how offensive he renders himself to his fellow-alumni. 
But if any word of ours could penetrate the dark of his intellect 
and his sensibility, we could wish that it might rouse him to per- 
ceive that a man who has nothing to brag of but his college degree 
has a poor excuse for boasting. If he learned anything worth 
while during his college course, he should have learned not to be- 
have like a bounder; and if he has not learned anything since — as 
he usually makes it too plain that he has not — he ought somehow to 
be made to feel that his insistent and protesting identification of 
himself and all his interests with the college through which he 
somehow scrambled, is not the highest compliment to his Alma 
Mater. There was a time in this country when the name Loyal- 
ists meant something hateful. Such some forms of loud-sounding 
loyalty might easily become. 




[On the 7th of January, 1914, Mr. Coolidge was elected President of the Massa- 
chusetts Senate, and on taking the chair delivered the following address. At the 
suggestion of some of his fellow alumni, who sent the copy from New York, but 
with his permission obtained later, the address, so compact of wisdom, so true to the 
spirit of Amherst, is herewith printed. — Ed.] 

HONORABLE SENATORS: — I thank you — ^with gratitude for 
the high honor given, with appreciation for the solemn 
obligations assumed — I thank you. 

This Commonwealth is one. We are all members of one body. 
The welfare of the weakest and the welfare of the most powerful 
are inseparably bound together. Industry cannot flourish if labor 
languish. Transportation cannot prosper if manufactures decline. 
The general welfare cannot be provided for in any one act, but it is 
well to remember that the benefit of one is the benefit of all, and 
the neglect of one is the neglect of all. The suspension of one man's 
dividends is the suspension of another man's pay envelope. 

Men do not make laws. They do but discover them. Laws 
must be justified by something more than the will of the majority. 
They must rest on the eternal foundation of righteousness. That 
state is most fortunate in its form of government, which has the 
aptest instruments for the discovery of laws. The latest, most 
modern, and nearest perfect system, that statesmanship has devised, 
is representative government. Its weakness is the weakness of us 
imperfect human beings who administer it. Its strength is that 
even such administration secures to the people more blessings than 
any other system ever produced. No nation has discarded it and 
retained liberty. Representative government must be preserved. 

Courts are established not to determine the popularity of a cause, 
but to adjudicate and enforce rights. No litigant should be required 
to submit his case to the hazard and expense of a political campaign. 
No judge should be required to seek or receive political rewards. 
The courts of Massachusetts are known and honored wherever men 
love justice. Let their glory suffer no diminution at our hands. 

172 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

The electorate and judiciary cannot combine. A hearing means a 
hearing. When the trial of causes goes outside the courtroom 
Anglo-Saxon constitutional government ends. 

The people cannot look to legislation generally for success. In- 
dustry, thrift, character, are not conferred by act or resolve. Gov- 
ernment cannot relieve from toil. It can provide no substitute for 
the rewards of service. It can, of course, care for the defective and 
recognize distinguished merit. The normal must care for them- 
selves. Self-government means self-support. 

Man is born into the universe with a personality that is his own. 
He has a right that is founded upon the Constitution of the universe 
to have property that is his own. Ultimately, property rights and 
personal rights are the same thing. The one cannot be preserved 
if the other be violated. Each man is entitled to his rights and the 
rewards of his service be they never so large or never so small. 

History reveals no civilized people among whom there were not 
a highly educated class, and large aggregations of wealth, repre- 
sented usually by the clergy and the nobility. Inspiration has 
always come from above. Diffusion of learning has come down 
from the university to the common school — the kindergarten is last. 
No one would now expect to aid the common school by abolishing 
higher education. 

It may be that the diffusion of wealth works in an analogous way. 
As the little red schoolhouse is builded in the college, it may be that 
the fostering and protection of large aggregations of wealth are the 
only foundation on which to build the prosperity of the whole 
people. Large profits mean large pay rolls. But profits must be 
the result of service performed. In no land are there so many and 
such large aggregations of wealth as here; in no land do they per- 
form larger service; and in no land will the work of a day bring so 
large a reward in material and spiritual welfare. 

Have faith in Massachusetts. In some unimportant detail some 
other states may surpass her, but in the general results, there is no 
place on earth where the people secure, in a larger measure, the 
blessings of organized government, and nowhere can those func- 
tions more properly be termed self-government. 

Do the day's work. If it be to protect the rights of the weak, 
whoever objects, do it. If it be to help a powerful corporation bet- 
ter to serve the people, whatever the opposition, do that. Expect 


to be called a stand patter, but don't be a stand patter. Expect to 
be called a demagogue, but don't be a demagogue. Don't hesitate 
to be as revolutionary as science. Don't hesitate to be as reaction- 
ary as the multiplication table. Don't expect to build up the weak 
by pulling down the strong. Don't hurry to legislate. Give ad- 
ministration a chance to catch up with legislation. 

We need a broader, firmer, deeper faith in the people, — a faith 
that men desire to do right, that the Commonwealth is founded 
upon a righteousness which will endure, a reconsecrated faith that 
the final approval of the people is given not to demagogues, slavishly 
pandering to their selfishness, merchandizing with the clamor of 
the hour, but to statesmen, ministering to their welfare, represent- 
ing their deep, silent, abiding convictions. 

Statutes must appeal to more than material welfare. Wages 
won't satisfy, be they never so large; nor houses, nor lands, nor 
coupons, though they fall thick as the leaves of autumn. Man has 
a spiritual nature. Touch it, and it must respond as the magnet 
responds to the pole. To that, not to selfishness, let the laws of the 
Commonwealth appeal. Recognize the immortal worth and dig- 
nity of man. Let the laws of Massachusetts proclaim to her hum- 
blest citizen, performing the most menial task, the recognition of 
his manhood, the recognition that all men are peers, the humblest 
with the most exalted, the recognition that all work is glorified. 
Such is the path to equality before the law. Such is the founda- 
tion of liberty under the law. Such is the sublime revelation of 
man's relation to man — Democracy. 

174 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



THE joy of living, best of all our joys ! — ■ 
To rove amid the beauty of the hills 
And hear the melodies of earth and sky, 
To battle in the mart of loss and gain, 
To stand, if need, against the world for right, 
To pause, companioned by the master thoughts 
Whose power has shaped the course of centuries. 
To lay us down with poets and with kings, 
While the same stars keep watch above our sleep. 
And dream great dreams that spring to deeds at dawn, 
To toil and hope and love until the last; — 
O God, we thank Thee for the little span 
Of years between our two eternities. 


I picked you a rose in Arcady 

As I came musing along the lea. 

I thought it the fairest flower that blows, 

But you in your blindness put it by, 

And let it die, and let it die. 

I framed you a song in Arcady 

As I came piping along the lea. 

I thought it the sweetest song that lives. 

But you in your deafness turned your ear. 

And would not hear, and would not hear. 

I shaped you a heart in Arcady 

As I came laughing along the lea. 

I thought it the truest heart that beats. 

But you in your cruelty let it plead. 

And paid no heed, and paid no heed. 

Alas! no longer in Arcady 
Do I go dreaming along the lea — 
And now my rose has thorns, my song 
Is sad, and my heart wears a pall. 
But you in your sorrow love them all. 




THE boy who journeys from home to college immediately be- 
comes an object of interest to all who are associated with 
him or his family. He is a man gone on a quest, a knight 
enlisted upon a crusade, an argosy put to sea; and his return is 
watched for by his own circle as Arthur's court watched for Sir 
Galahad, as the people of England watched for Richard their king, 
as the Venetian merchant together with his friends and his enemies 
watched for the return of his argosies. 

"Believe me, sir, had I such venture forth. 
The better part of my affections would 
Be with my hopes abroad." 

And when the boy comes home at last, there is happiness and con- 
gratulation. Even the most casual acquaintance marks him as he 
passes, stops him to ask "how goes it," and later reports to the 
neighbors that the Robinson boy is getting to be a fine strapping 
fellow, as if they were all having a hand in his development. The 
partner of Robinson senior, having met the boy at the office, goes 
home in the evening, greets his wife in a way that makes her think 
that the firm has put through another successful deal, and informs 
her that "Mary's boy" is home from college for the holidays. 
"Yes, very much improved, as far as I can see." 

At the Robinson home the family gathers about to ask questions, 
to tell the news, to discuss plans, to pick up the threads of the old 
life together, and to find again the little circle complete, with him 
who was lost restored to his place. It is a happy time, but under- 
neath the surface of the friendly gossip and laughter the boy is 
aware of a current of seriousness, of unexpressed thought and feeling, 
which seems to center about him. In his little brother's touch, 
like that of a doubting Thomas, in the furtive glance of his sister, 
who seems not quite sure whether or not to approve his college-cut 
clothes, in the kindly but searching questions of his father, who 
seeks for signs of mental development, of increased breadth of view 

176 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

and scope of vision, and in his mother's Hstening silence, broken 
now and then with a word or two, he feels that he is being examined 
as never before and that an inventory is being taken by one and all 
of the changes in him for good and evil. When the first gathering 
is over and family or friends have scattered, and the "fine strapping 
fellow" with the stamp of the college upon him is just Mary's boy 
again, she, his mother, — as will at another time a serious-minded 
father or sister or brother or a loving friend, — she talks quietly to 
him and probes gently to discover what feelings are his, what ideals 
he cherishes, what god or gods he worships; to learn in short whether 
those things are still his which she taught him at her own knee, 
whether he returns to her with the same character of sweetness and 
light for which he has been known as her boy. Most mothers know 
better than to look for an increased brightness of that light, and are 
content if only the flame has not been extinguished altogether by 
the storms they are taught to believe blow about the College 

The three attitudes suggested here represent the three lines of 
development that a boy is expected to obtain from the college. The 
many look for the development of his body; his own circle is inter- 
ested as a whole in the development of his mind ; and the few, those 
who know him best and hold him dearest, are concerned with what 
things he has in his heart. It is not my wish to discuss the relativ^e 
importance of these three sides of the student's life and work at 
Amherst. Surely, with the emphasis laid upon athletics by the 
students, with the excellence of their management, and with the 
splendid new field now in preparation, the physical side will be 
seen to be taken care of; and since the recent renaissance of the 
"enterprise of learning, " with the new President, new courses, and 
new ideas, together with the best of the old, it is equally certain that 
the mental side is receiving due attention from those who have the 
chief purpose of the college in their hands. It is my wish, then, to 
draw attention to the third side of the student's development, to 
speak for a moment, in the midst of athletic victories and scholarly 
achievement, of the things of the heart, which are largely emotional, 
things esthetic, things rehgious in the broad sense, things having 
to do with friendship, with love, with faith, with aspiration; — 


"All, the world's coarse thumb 

And finger failed to plumb. 
So passed in making up the main account; 

All instincts immature, 

All purposes unsure. 
That weighed not as his work, yet swelled the man's amount: 

Thoughts hardly to be packed 

Into a narrow act. 
Fancies that broke through language and escaped; 

All I could never be. 

All, men ignored in me. 

This, I was worth to God, whose wheel the pitcher shaped." 

These are the things — though the world may not see them, and the 
business man from whom the college graduate seeks a position cares 
not for them — which are the beginnings of the boy's inner life; and 
whether or not it be the function of the college curriculum to meet 
them, their life, growth, or death is, for the average boy, largely in 
the power of his college environment. 

So let us stop to look at Mary's boy as he approaches the college 
on the hill, and let us consider the things that he will find there, 
which will either feed bright the light he carries with him from his 
home or will cloud or quench it perhaps forever. Unless he has 
attended boarding school, in which case the crisis is less great but 
still existent, this inner life, which Arnold has called the sweetness 
and light of character, is still in its infancy, for it has been kindled 
in the sympathetic atmosphere of the home or in the circle of a few 
friends. It is still, comparatively speaking, a secret, a guarded 
treasure, now amid strange scenes and faces to be communed with, 
for a time at least, in solitude. And yet the boy is not by nature a 
recluse; he longs for companionship both of the outward and of the 
closer nature; his heart is ready to receive whatever is worthy of 
admission to it. Later he may recognize that the main function 
peculiar to college life is the pursuit of wisdom; but for the moment 
the by-product, the gratification and development of his character 
in its subtlest and most essential aspects, is the all-important goal 
towards which he so wistfully aspires. Yet he is afraid. Physi- 
cally he has no great fear, even in the days of hazing he had none; 
mentally he believes he can hold his own; morally he is confident; 
but for the rest, "the simple creed of childhood, " — 

178 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

"High instincts before which our mortal Nature 
Did tremble like a guilty thing surprised;" — 

for these he fears, because they are the things which he knows the 
world's coarse thumb and finger fail to plumb. And in this spirit, 
of confidence, hope, and fear, he picks up his suitcase, and drops 
off the car at College Hall. 

Only those of us who have left college, and have thought over all 
it might have been to us had we only entered with our present wis- 
dom, and have returned since to verify these later day feelings,-T- 
only such of us realize fully what opportunities and influences 
Amherst College offers for the development of even the innermost 
hopes and ambitions of the entering freshman. It is not neces- 
say for me to try to mention all of these influences now, as I wish 
to speak of only one. I shall therefore dismiss the others, both 
because they lie outside of my particular interest and because their 
influence is too obvious to need discussion. Let me dismiss, then, 
the influence of the scenery, obvious because it is great, although 
few but the returning alumni recognize its full potentiality; let me 
dismiss the obvious influence of curriculum and faculty, for both 
the classroom and the faculty homes meet the personal and inti- 
mate need of the students as far as is practicable; and let me 
dismiss finally what is at present perhaps the most powerful per- 
sonal influence, the typical man-to-man friendship between two 
students of congenial natures, for surely this needs no exposition, 
nor is it peculiar to college life, as David and Jonathan, Damon 
and Pythias, will prove for us. There remains, then, for our con- 
sideration the influence of the student body as a whole, that body 
which is the life, the pulse, the raison d'etre, of the entire machine, 
that strange, generally light-hearted, often fickle, always human 
collection of individuals, which is found entirely unified in spirit 
into one harmonious whole only on the athletic field. But what 
power is there, breaking forth into a "long Amherst " for the team! 
And the idealist dreams of the day when that power which sends 
that cheer echoing among the reverberate hills will be a power 
also for learning, for culture, for morality, for even 

"All, the world's coarse thumb 
And finger failed to plumb." 

But let us leave generalities, and since the college as yet does not 
possess a common spirit for things so subtle and fine, let us look at 


that one institution, existing ir the student body and partaking of 
the force exerted by it, which by its nature is best fitted to make for 
increased refinement, increased sympathy , increased appreciation, — 
in short, for culture in the highest sense. At the same time let us 
not forget that this is not the only influence, though it should be the 
greatest, for we have already dismissed from our discussion influ- 
ences sufficient in themselves to enable the student who fully avails 
himself of them to keep alive that inner light for whose kindling his 
family and friends have given freely of their dearest and best. 

Before leaving these influences altogether, however, may I pause 
to point out how much greater they would be if they were more 
thoroughly and consistently supported by the students, if these in- 
fluences could become an essential element in college spirit. That 
a certain amount of this esthetic or finer spirit does exist is evidenced 
by the universal response to anything of manifest beauty or worth, 
as for example, the new fraternity houses, the view from behind the 
church, the characters of certain men among students and faculty, 
or the courses of recognized merit. The power of this spirit of pub- 
Kc opinion is perhaps best seen in the attitude of students at their 
very entrance to their courses. Wliat a difference in the attitude of 
the class which has elected a course because "the fellows" recom- 
mend it, and that of the class in a course required by vote of the 
faculty ! Just suppose that the football-field spirit could be brought 
in to support the enterprise of learning as a single conception; 
suppose the boy who declared his intention of "going out for" 
scholarly honors received the same backing of public opinion as he 
who declares himself a candidate for an athletic team. Then Presi- 
dent Meiklejohn would find no cause to remark, as he did in his 
baccalaureate sermon, that class-room work often fails to disturb 
the student's lethargy; he would find instead that the average 
student was like that other one he described, "who is earnest about 
the things of the mind, whose eyes flash at a fallacy, whose lips 
tremble at a discovery, whose jaws are set in the face of a problem." 
Or again, suppose that this great spirit of the college, the entire 
pubhc opinion of that little kingdom unto itself, gave its support to 
cultivate and honor things esthetic — "whatsoever things are true, 
whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, what- 
soever things are of good report," — then indeed would there be, in 
the college at least, what once a year we try to attain in the world 
— peace on earth, good-will to men. 

180 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

But this condition is visionary, it is impossible; and the reason 
lies in the fact that the things making for it are things of the heart, 
which as yet we are reluctant, except at Christmas time perhaps, 
to cry from the housetop or even to shout across the campus. 
But although the goal is Utopian, is not a nearer approach to 
it possible and worth while? And here we again return to ask by 
what means, and in reply to consider that agent, hinted at above, 
which in its conception as a servant of the college body is the ideal 
influence towards the development of the spirit I am urging, and 
which in its actual workings might have a great and lasting power, 
had it not, like that other slothful and selfish servant, buried its 
talent in a napkin, where it lies unused until commanded by its 
original owner. 

This institution, the servant of the college body, as I have called 
it, is the fraternity. The fraternity is, or should be, a brotherhood, 
a family, a home. Numbering about twenty-five, it should possess 
not only the seclusion and protection that a shy or sensitive boy 
needs for the fostering of the finer things of his nature, but also 
sufficient strength to engender within itself an atmosphere, a spirit, 
a force, comparable in strength to that of the student body, if not 
indeed equal to it. An out-of-town professor visiting Amherst, 
who was not altogether familiar with the fraternity idea, remarked 
to a friend who was objecting to their influence, "But think what 
a force we have here, if it should ever get started in the right direct- 
ion." Whatever may have been in the professor's mind, certainly 
all fraternity men must admit that by its very name, and by the 
ideals it claims to stand for, the "right direction" for a fraternity 
is toward those things which are essential to real friendship, to true 
sympathy, to sincere brotherhood, all of which make for the devel- 
opment of a character of sweetness and light. 

And now we return to our freshman whom we left on the thresh- 
old of his new hfe, in which the college is to be his world, and the 
fraternity is to be his family and his home. The first two or three 
days are unimportant to our investigation. The boy gets settled 
in his dormitory to a certain extent, exchanges greetings with a few 
of his classmates, or those he takes for his classmates, is con- 
ducted hither and yon by he knows not how many fraternities, 
and is finally pledged to one. The world now looks bright and 
comfortable to him; his mates seem interested in him, they help 



him -vvith his schedule, they inquire how he hkes his courses, 
they make themselves generally companionable; and all this 
they do not so much because they are individually concerned 
about him as because the spirit of brotherhood and brotherly 
kindness is in the sir, because the fraternity is for a time unified 
and harmonized by a common interest in its freshmen. Under 
this truly fraternal influence, the newcomer, green and timid, 
begins to feel at home, to expand, and to take his new found 
acquaintances to his heart. Soon comes his initiation when he is 
made a "brother in the bonds" and gets his first real thrill in 
exchanging the fraternity grip with those who seem now almost 
of his flesh and blood. Then follows the banquet in the honor 
of his delegation, after which, elevated and inspired by the older 
men who have come back to talk to him, he returns to his room 
in solitude to lie awake far into the night dreaming dreams and see- 
ing visions. 

Dreams and visions they are too, as he will learn. Yet with 
what ease might the fraternity make them come true ! We have 
all been freshmen, and we know that these dreams of our fra- 
ternity did not involve the impossible; after all, they presented in 
one way or another, only a family of "brothers," whose relationship 
we thought of without the quotation marks. For a moment our 
freshman saw friends all about him; there was earnestness in the 
speeches, there was sincerity in the songs, there was real fraternity 
in the goodnight clasp of hands, and heart spoke to heart, unfalter- 
ing and unashamed, for the spirit of sincere brotherhood was 
kindled in all. May he drink it in to his fullest extent; for in 
all probability never again will the mere thought of brotherhood 
cause him to glow and thrill as on that first night, when he faced 
his fraternity, his heart trembling, as it will tremble before the 
world many times yet, with love and fear. 

It is, of course, natural that a freshman's initiation should be 
the greatest experience of his fraternity life; it is impossible for 
the emotional stimulus there received to be repeated frequently 
with equal power; but it is not natural and it is not right that 
his fraternity should thenceforth leave him alone to work out his 
own mental and spiritual salvation amid the new and strange 
elements of his college life. It is this desertion that I deplore, 
a desertion which results in a lack of any continual and unified 

182 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

brotherly spirit, constantly making for the development of those 
finer qualities which we all know are the essential breath and spirit 
of our characters. Such friendship and such inspiration is the chief, 
if not the only, justification of the existence of fraternities at Am- 
herst, for every other influence may be found on the campus at 
large. Only the sweeter and finer things need a refined and re- 
stricted atmosphere for early growi^h, and this the fraternity should 
supply, together with the constant opportunity within its own 
shrine for the practice and development of those things. For just 
as the things of the intellect are increased and strengthened by 
reason and thought, so are the things of the heart formulated and 
matured by conversance with whatever pertains thereto, and prac- 
tice is as necessary to perfect the one group as the other. 

Yet, how often does the fraternity as a whole meet for the prac- 
tice and cultivation of such things, for indulgence in the only con- 
tributory factor it has to make to the life of the college? In my 
experience at Amlierst, I can say that with the exception of initia- 
tion banquets, not once did my fraternity hold such a meeting; nor 
did I ever hear of any held elsewhere. I will, for the sake of an 
example of the kind of meeting I refer to, instance one evening, 
when a handful of us who had been out in the hills together, gath- 
ered around the open fire to listen to the reading by one of the upper 
classmen of some of Poe's stories. How simple, how natural, how 
easily accomplished, such an experience is; and yet for a freshman — • 
or for anyone else — especially if he is young or susceptible to in- 
fluence, how inspiring it might be! To "sit awhile and think" 
among men older and wiser, to bear them talk seriously and kindly 
of life, of things beautiful and worth while, to catch a glimpse of 
their inner selves, to look forward to life beyond the cloistered walls, 

"AU instincts immature 
All purposes unsure," — 

what might not such an evening mean to a growing boy on the 
threshold of manhood! And what a splendid thing for the older 
men themselves and for the fraternity and for the college — the act- 
ual assumption by the upper classmen of the responsibility'' of broth- 
erhood! Of course, this kind of gathering is known to special 
groups, to small handfuls, and most of all to twos and threes; but 
how much greater momentum and influence might be obtained if 


it were adopted by a body large enough to win for it the prestige 
and importance of public opinion and the stimulus and force of 
college spirit. The fraternity is obviously the ideal organization 
for such pubhc service, and since the college is not able to perform 
this service for itself, it should demand it from the fraternity as 
the price of its life. 

But let us glance once more at Mary's boy before we too desert 
him to work out his own life at the college, with the help of such 
influences as he can find for himself, and to take his place in turn 
among the upper classmen for the help or neglect of the succeeding 
freshmen. He has come home, as we know, and his little world is 
taking stock of him, and not only of him, but through him of his 
college and his fraternity. And let us ask, "In what condition 
does he come? Is he " very much improved," as far as the butcher, 
the baker, and the candle-stick maker can see, and is that all ; or does 
he come in the confidence of the stature and the wisdom and the 
beauty of manhood to stand smiling before his mother, his father, 
his brother or sister, his sweetheart, or his own self, like a hero of 
old bearing with him the head of the dragon, like the captain of 
the argosy whose sails are set and whose hold is filled with treasure 
from afar, like the knight returning from the crusade laden with the 
trophies of war and with the vision of the Holy City in his heart? 
Ah, does he so return? We hope so. Surely he went forth with 
such ambitions. But if not, — ^if he returns with the stature and 
wisdom but not the beauty, having lost his early aspiration towards 

"All I could never be 
All, men ignored in me," — 

if he returns thus, shall we not seek out that fraternity and 
demand of it where is that sweetness and fight which at his initia- 
tion was glo-udng in his heart, and shall we be satisfied with the 
world-old reply, "I know not; am I my brother's keeper?" 




IT'S kinder hard on all you lads who came in here fer fun 
To be haunted by a spirit from the class of Twenty-one ! 
A ghost ain't like a pugilist or statesman, that's a fac'; 
Fer he's not only willin' to, — he's able to come back. 
I'm really here on business, fer my classmates, half in sport, 
Sent me here to represent 'em and present a class report. 
We think we've got as good a right addressin' the trustees 
As those young kids in '84 who think they're all the cheese. 
We've set thar t'other side the Styx from long ago till now 
A seein' you folks runnin' things as well as you knew how, 
Till suddenly we sez,"Land sakes! If them folks like hot air 
There's plenty of it where we hve — we'll send along a share." 
My fellow ghosts selected me, I was so tough an' old. 
Because they thought I best could stand the change from heat to 

You should see 'em crowd around me at the elevator door, 
Repeatin' all the messages they'd told me twice before; 
An' they shouted, " Good bye. Deacon! yltt revoir, old Pelham sport! 
Give our greetin's to the college! Don't forgit our class report! 
So here I be, Gol Bing it! with the manuscript they writ; 
It was partly burnt in transit, but you'll git the gist of it. 

Whereas a certain recent class saw fit to plan a course 

To conserve our httle college, and conserve the student force. 

And conserve our good professors, — ^why, we pledge two other 

toasts — 
And that's the conservation of Alumni and of Ghosts. 

First, speakin' of alumni, we old spooks who first got through 
Git to lookin' at the college from a special point of view; 
Fer it seems to us far bigger than the buildin's that you see, — 
It spreads from Beersheba to Dan, and clear from you to me. 


And we scurcely make distinction, when we gaze on her with pride, 
Between the lads within her walls and those thet live outside. 
And so we file this protest with the lady on the hill 
Whom we call our foster-mother (though we're ghosts we do so 

She is lavishin' attention on about five hundred boys 
Who scurce appreciate it they are makin' such a noise, 
Whereas her thousand older boys from whom she claims support 
Git each a yearly catalog and treasurer's report. 
I see you crack your little smile, — "Thet's easy said," sez you, 
"The lady now is overworked, what would you have her do? 
You pore impractical old spook, the lady ain't a fool, 
She can't be startin' at her age a correspondence school, 
To give each busy graduate, whose culture's lost its sheen, — 
Whose classic style is worn in spots, a coat of culturine!" 
Ah well, we ghosts ain't sensitive, — we'll let you poke yer fun 
Becuz you git a spectral plan from Eighteen twenty-one. 
But what we clearly see is this : there's jest as many men 
Thet's stayin' home from here tonight, and half as much again; 
They're Amherst lads like you and me — -they studied jest as well. 
And mebbe half of 'em could sing, and all of 'em could yell. 
But each has lost some college zeal in chasin' fame or pelf, 
And won't cough up five dollars jest to stimulate himself. 
What though he needs the zeal he lacks, fer what his soul would 

The college needs it even more; it's jest an endless chain. 
And 'tis our spectral notion that the start won't come until 
There's more directed effort from the Lady on the Hill. 

Dear lady, listen to our plea! Incline your marble ear! 

Thar's quite a number of your boys that sing your praises here, — 

Thar's thousands more thet's somewhar's else, who'd gladly cry 
All Hail, 

But some of 'em are now in bed and mebbe some in jail. 

But the chief official notice thet you give their loyal cry 

Is to send out little bulletins to tell them when they die. 

'Tis true, there's college magazines, — their number's been in- 
creased, — 

But the graduates who take 'em are the ones who need 'em least. 

186 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

There's Brother Brown and Brother Jones who didn't come to- 

They've half forgot their college days in all this city fight; 

They knew tonight would bore 'em, jest to eat and talk and sit, 

And they wouldn't read the Student and they covldnt read the 

And if they face you squarely they will ask you if it pays? 

And they'll say "dear alma mater" seems to them a hackneyed 

So lady, you must form a plan, affectionate and wise, 

Fer readoptin' children who have broken off old ties. 

But if you want some more details on how it should be done 

You'll have to wire the secretary. Class of '21. 

The second part of this report — I blush before my hosts — 
Is jest a plea from us old spooks to cherish Amherst ghosts. 
Fer ghosts, I'd like to hev you know, are shy beyond compare. 
They never like to haunt a place unless they're wanted there. 
And when they flit to loved old spots, and no one bids 'em stay, 
They sort of slink around awhi'e and then they keep away. 
And shallow mortals shake their heads and lightly cry, "Pooh, pooh! 
We want no ghosts!" and never learn the world of good they do. 
Ah me! I've sat on College Hill, and seen 'em flittin' round, 
Or hauntin' some old college room or some loved bit of ground. 
Some time ago I chanced to stand upon the village green. 
When Eugene Field went flittin'past to haunt some boyhood scene, 
And Helen Hunt came strollin' by with some fair Indian maid. 
And Beecher stood and looked about, — a grave and stately shade. 
And all around were ghosts in blue — -I heard their muskets clang — 
Who sought to find the books they dropped when thet far bugle 

And there, the other side of town I saw red-coated forms — 
The ghosts of Burgoyne's captured troops in Brit'sh uniforms. 
And other tattered ghosts there were, who lived before my day — 
Hard-fisted fellows off the farms who followed Dan'l Shay. 
And though he's called a rebel now, er jest a trifle mad. 
They say he lived in Pelham, and I'll bet he wan't so bad! 
There's folks right here like Dan'l Shay, who'd like to raise a fuss 
Because the tax blanl<s make 'em mad — and kick around and cuss ! 


And many ghosts I saw thet day who hung their heads in shame 
Because they found no httle shrine or spot thet bore their name; 
Or Hke Noah Webster, mooned about from midnight until dawn 
And found no comfort anywhere because his home was gone. 
Dear Lady, thet's our other plea — we ghosts have too few joys — ■ 
Pray honor us a little more, — ^'twill help your livin' boys. 
On all your ghosts heap equal praise— to those old red-brick dorms 
Of classic Libby prison style, lure back our ghostly forms. 
Build here and there a monument that bids the stranger heed; 
Emblazon forth your honor rolls and let the children read. 

188 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

VLf}t Smf)er£it SUus^trious; 




IT IS now nearly a quarter of a century since Julius Hawley 
Seelye, amid general regret, brought to a close his long and 
notable service to Amherst College. The passing years have 
in no wise lessened the high regard and esteem in which his memory 
is held by those who as undergraduates knew him as man, teacher 
and administrator. Time has corrected hasty and crude judgments, 
and has brought out in clear rehef those sterling qualities of mind 
and heart whereby Dr. Seelye made so deep and lasting an impres- 
sion on the College. 

The story of his administration is a matter of record. One reads 
of the growth of Amherst under his leadership, in material re- 
sources, in teaching staff, and in students. Principles and policies 
of college government and instruction, initiated by President Seelye, 
have been tested and tried in succeeding administrations so that we 
now possess a true appraisal of their worth and soundness. His 
influence on higher education can be measured by the extent to 
which his theories and methods have been adopted and put into 
effect in other colleges than Amherst. Most significant of all tes- 
timony to the large part Dr. Seelye had in the progress of the Col- 
lege is the tribute to his personal power and eminence as a leader, 
teacher and inspirer of youth, given gladly and gratefully by men 
now active in the world's work, not so much by word of mouth as by 
their fidelity to the conception of life and to the ideals of service 
which Dr. Seelye ever maintained. 

Dr. Seelye brought to the task and responsibilities of the presi- 
dency large resources in personality, training, knowledge and expe- 
rience. Nature endowed him with the stature and bearing which 
commanded the respect of the student. When he became head of 
the College, he was in full vigor of body. He was an effective 
speaker. He was often called upon to address great gatherings on 
public questions of moment. 


Fifth President of Amherst College 


His hold on the students was largely due to his absolute sincerity. 
This quality, with his fairness in judgment and kindliness of spirit, 
won the confidence of the undergraduate. Every student recog- 
nized that Seelye, while just, was also generous and sympathetic, 
and so, unconsciously, ties and bonds of friendship came to unite 
the entire student body in loyalty to its head, a loyalty, which 
those undergraduates — now alumni — express in their devotion to 
the College, attested by gifts and volunteer service. 

The wide and profound learning of Dr. Seelye made a deep im- 
pression on the student. His memory of facts, dates and statistics 
was both retentive and accurate. His knowledge comprehended 
many fields. He was at home alike in Theology, Philosophy, the 
Classics, History and in the pohtical and social movements of the 
day. He was hospitable and open-minded towards new forms and 
phases of human thought. Evidence of this attitude of mind is 
found in the changes made in the program of college studies 
whereby he introduced and encouraged modern courses in Lan- 
guage, Science and Psychology. He exemplified in his own intel- 
lectual hfe the noble utterance with which he confided the College 
to his successor, — "Truth and Freedom — truth coming from what- 
ever direction, and freedom knowing no bounds but those the truth 
has set." 

President Seelye was furthermore skilKul in imparting knowledge 
and in instilhng a love of learning and of intellectual effort. As a 
teacher, hke Socrates, he provoked thought by his ability to ques- 
tion. His class room was often the scene of debate — the attack and 
defense of positions. It was an arena whereon the student in the 
grapple with real problems gained both knowledge and power. 
Such a discipline did much to develop that independence of thought 
and judgment combined with intellectual resources and initiative, 
which is characteristic of so many men who have gone forth from 

Until the cares and burdens of administration forbade. President 
Seelye continued to teach his class in Philosophy. For a number of 
years, he conducted an exercise on Monday mornings in the spring 
term devoted to close analytical examination of the Westminster 
Catechism. From time to time, he called together the entire Col- 
lege in the evening, and discussed in open forum some pubhc ques- 
tions of moment. 

190 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

His large experience in public life and wide acquaintance vnth. 
men of affairs enabled President Seelye to bring before the students 
clear and comprehensive reports on the great world movements of 
the day. His visit to India, under the auspices of the American 
Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, gave him an intimate 
knowledge of the Oriental mind. It was a rich privilege to hear 
him tell of the subtlety with which the advocates of the Hindu 
philosophy argued in defense of their doctrines. 

In 1874, Professor Seelye was elected a representative to the 
National Congress in a campaign that attracted widespread atten- 
tion. He found so great satisfaction in pubhc hfe that he was 
strongly disposed to choose a pohtical career. His constituents 
were entirely ready to support him, so acceptable were his services. 
The unanimous call of the trustees that he become the head of the 
College, however, led him to forgo this ambition. His life in Wash- 
ington and acquaintance with national leaders gave him a wealth of 
information which he used with effect in his public addresses and in 
the classroom. He pointed the way to service of state and nation 
as a career worthy of any graduate of the College. In the annual 
town meeting of Amlierst, President Seelye could always be de- 
pended upon to support measures for the public good. His 
knowledge of parhamentary law and insight into the methods 
of politicians often availed to overcome strong and organized 

The highest ideal of life that President Seelye ever held before 
his students, both in his own life and in his teaching, was devotion 
to the service of mankind. Such service, he maintained, could be 
given in any calling. It was a question of the spirit of the man. 
Knowledge and intellectual power were vain unless dominated by 
this supreme purpose. On this theme, he discoursed, not in hack- 
neyed phrase and in commonplaces, but with a force of language 
and an earnestness of spirit that sent every word home. His ser- 
mons on duty and human responsibihty impressed the most careless 
and indifferent student with the real meaning and significance of 
hfe. In such appeals, the man revealed most fully his greatness 
of mind and heart. 

In dealing with individual students. President Seelye was always 
hopeful. He expected great things of every man. He was slow to 
condemn. At times, the opinion was prevalent that he was hood- 


winked by the shrewd offender, who protested his innocence. But 
looking back through the years, and with the saner judgment that 
time gives, one reahzes that it was faith and hope that the student 
would justify his confidence, that caused President Seelye — at 
times in opposition to his Faculty — to refuse to dismiss theoffender; 
and rarely was he disappointed in the final outcome. 

The progress and growth of the College during the fourteen years 
of his administration attest the soundness of his principles, pohcies 
and methods, and his skill and ability as an executive. During his 
term, the college grounds were enlarged, and a comprehensive plan 
for its development made by Frederick Law Olmsted was put into 
effect. The appearance of the campus was improved by the re- 
moval of the dormitory East College, which stood just west of 
the College Church. In the spring of 1882, Walker Hall with its 
valuable contents of minerals, apparatus and records was com- 
pletely destroyed by fire. By the energy of President Seelye, 
the friends of Amherst were ralhed to its support, and within 
a year. Walker Hall was rebuilt and the losses made wellnigh good. 
The library building was increased by the addition of the portion 
containing the book-stack, and was otherwise improved. Pratt 
Gymnasium was erected, and the resources of the department of 
Physical Training were further enriched by the gift of Pratt Field. 
The value of buildings, land and funds received by Amherst during 
the presidency of Dr. Seelye, and secured largely by his personal 
efforts, amounted to over eight hundred thousand dollars. An ex- 
amination of the names of the donors reveals the extent to which 
the active interest of men prominent in all walks in life Vv^as 
centered in Amherst College through their confidence in its 

In his administration of the College, President Seelye made cer- 
tain departures from estabhshed practice which at the time were 
looked upon as radical to a dangerous degree. It is now clear that 
these changes were made with full understanding of the demands 
of the time on institutions of higher learning. Science and other 
modern subjects were calling for increased recognition in the pro- 
gram of studies. The doctrine of evolution was transforming men's 
views in all departments of knowledge. Less emphasis was placed 
on the abiUty to memorize, and more on the capacity to think one's 
way to the solution of a problem. The relations of professors and 

192 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

students were less and less based on the idea of paternal control 
and oversight by the faculty. 

President Seelye, while holding to all that was worthy and good 
in the practice of the past, wisely and with rare foresight, so shaped 
his policies that Amherst was prepared to meet the demands of the 
future, and was thus happily tided over a transition period with a 
minimum of stress and strain. 

The scheme of college administration which went into operation 
in 1881 did away, at one stroke, with many causes of friction and 
disagreement between students and faculty that were inherent in 
the minute and detailed college laws of former days. Under the 
new plan, each student when admitted to Amherst was received as 
a gentleman and as under obligation to conduct himseK as a worthy 
member of the College. A step toward student self-government 
was taken in the establishment of the College Senate — a body con- 
sisting of four seniors, three juniors, two sophomores, and one fresh- 
man, chosen by their respective classes. To the senate, the faculty 
referred from time to time questions of college order and custom, 
and matters of discipline. 

While requiring regular attendance at all college exercises, the 
new system provided that each student should be granted a certain 
number of absences. In case this number was exceeded in any 
course, then the student must furnish evidence, satisfactory to the 
faculty, that the ground lost had been recovered. The term exam- 
inations had become so important a factor in determining the rank 
of the pupil that the value of the recitation was in danger of neglect. 
These examinations were abolished and, in their place, reviews and 
examinations at frequent intervals were substituted. 

A flexible marking system was adopted in place of the use of per 
cent. Students were grouped in four classes, according to their 
standing, in the following order: Summa cum laude, magna cum 
laude, cum laude, and rite. The effect of this change was to do 
away with entirely futile distinctions, based on a difference in marks 
of one or two per cent. Final scholarship honors consisted of ap- 
pointment of the eight men of the highest standing, as speakers on 
the commencement stage. 

The underlying principle on which these administrative plans 
were based was that, in dealing with young men of the age and 
capacity of undergraduates, opportunity must be given them to grow 


in responsibility, through the freedom to direct in some measure 
their own courses in college. President Seelye took the same 
ground as all great teachers in his faith that the individual may be 
trusted to use aright the opportunity of choice. 

While President Seelye was a profound believer in the value of the 
training and culture given by the Classics and Mathematics, he was 
quick to recognize the claims of science, history and other modern 
studies. The College catalogue shows a broadening of the program 
of subjects along with which went modifications in treatment, in 
accordance with the demands of the day. As a result, Amherst, 
while maintaining the courses in EngUsh, Latin, Greek, mathe- 
matics and physical science at high levels of efficiency, is known 
also for her excellence in the subjects that have claimed a place 
in higher education in the last three decades, as biology, the social 
and pohtical sciences, modern languages and psychology. The 
elective system was extended, under careful supervision. 

Constant efforts were made to reduce the number of students in 
each recitation, in order to permit of the effective instruction that 
can only be given when there is opportunity for each member of a 
division to recite at each exercise. During President Seelye's ad- 
ministration, the number of the faculty increased from twenty-one 
to thirty, or nearly fifty per cent., while the student body grew from 
three hundred and twenty to three hundred and forty-seven. In 
other words, the number of students to a professor was reduced 
from sixteen to eleven. Amherst was thus safeguarded against the 
evils of the lecture method of instruction which is the inevitable 
outcome of large recitation divisions. 

One test of the soundness of the policies of President Seelye is 
the extent to which they have been followed by Amherst in succeed- 
ing administrations. While there have been some changes in pro- 
cedure, in the main the spirit and the methods have been found to 
stand approved by experience. His propositions have not only 
proved workable, but their effect on the College has been in a high 
degree wholesome. Other colleges have also adopted and put into 
effect the principles of administration and of instruction on which 
President Seelye, with the vision and the insight of the statesman, 
constructed his program for Amherst. 

While President Seelye gave diligent heed to the organization and 
conduct of the college as an institution, his supreme concern was the 

194 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

influence thereby brought to bear on the ideals and character of the 
student. He devoted his talents and powers, without reserve, to 
the endeavor to make Amherst a place for training men in a high 
sense of duty and for efficient service. He had unusual opportu- 
nity as a teacher of youth. As professor of philosophy, before 
and after his election as President, he held a commanding position 
in the College. As President, he sought every occasion to estabhsh 
intimate and cordial relations with the students. His interest and 
sympathy were akin to that of a parent. He came to know over 
two thousand men during the thirty-two years of his service at 
Amherst. In his presidency, he was in a position to impress his 
ideals of life and conduct on over one thousand different students. 
Many of these are now in the full tide of active life, and some meas- 
ure may be taken of the results of Seelye's example and teaching. 

One characteristic does appear to be true of the great majority 
of Amherst men, and that is a high sense of devotion to public serv- 
ice. One might name by the score graduates who are foremost 
in the fight for good citizenship, for better social and civic condi- 
tions — in a word, for effective appHcations of the principles of 
Christianity to daily conditions. These qualities are characteristic 
of the men who came under the influence of Seelye. He had the 
faculty of developing capacity and power for leadership. Clergy- 
men who received their training at Amherst are prominent in every 
great conference and council, called to decide on matters of belief 
or policy. In education, Amherst men are found as presidents of 
colleges, university professors, leaders in research, in important 
positions in secondary and elementary schools, and engaged in re- 
sponsible administrative work. 

The missionary impulse has by no means lost its power, and the 
light from Amherst continues to irradiate the dark places of the 
earth. In China, Japan, in Africa and India, those whom Seelye 
taught are conspicuous by the wisdom and energy with which they 
are adopting means and methods to present day conditions. Law, 
medicine and business are also fields in which the men of Amherst 
are showing distinctive quahty by making the calling not an end in 
itself, but a means whereby to lift the level of human life a httle 

Amherst College continues to emphasize the importance of liberal 
training as an essential factor in the equipment of every man who 


would fully serve his day and generation. Such Hberal training 
makes for broad outlook, generous sympathy, the discerning mind, 
and sane and sound judgment. In maintaining these ideals, the 
College is, amid a changing order, holding true to the teachings of 
the man who had so much to do in shaping her policy for over 
thirty of the ninety years of her existence. 

196 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Efje poofe arable 


Silas Deane: A Connecticut Leader in the American Revolution. By 
George L. Clark. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London. 

This book is a reminder that in the Twentieth Century of the Christian Era it is 
still a requirement of the Lord "to deal justly." It is a wholehearted protest 
against a cruel wrong done by our forefathers to one of the most eflBcient leaders of 
the Revolution; — a wrong which although in small part confessed and expiated 
more than fifty years after the death of the sufferer, is still in large part persisted in 
by their posterity, — ourselves. 

Righting old wrongs tends without doubt to the health of the soul. The more we 
do of it, the less disposed shall we be to perpetrate and acquiesce in wrongs that 
are new. 

Mr. Clark has special qualifications for the chivalrous and patriotic task he has 
set himself. He is an Amherst graduate of the class of '72, and the beloved pastor 
of the oldest church in the historic town of Wethersfield, Connecticut, the home of 
Silas Deane from his twenty-fifth year until he became a homeless wanderer. Mr. 
Clark has a fervid love of justice, an abounding sympathy, and a patience that never 
fails. He has also, as this and other good books amply prove, the spirit and the 
tastes of the scholar. 

SDas Deane was born in Groton, Connecticut, in 1737. He was graduated from 
Yale in 1758, taught school for a time, then studied law, and began its practice at 
Wethersfield in 1762. A year later, Deane, "who saw no necessity for starting at 
the foot of the ladder, had the nerve to marry Mehitabel, widow of Mr. Joseph 
Webb, five years his senior, and blessed with six children and a thriving store." 
After his marriage Deane became a merchant, in which calling he was soon " widely 
known as a man of enterprise, vigor, and good judgment." He took an active 
part in the political struggles of the early Revolution, was a useful and distinguished 
member of the First and Second Continental Congresses, and gave important aid 
to the enterprise which resulted in the capture of Ticonderoga. Of Washington, 
whom he met whUe in Congress, Deane wrote to his wife as follows: "I have been 
with him for a great part of the last forty-eight hours . . . and the more that 
I have become acquainted with the man, the more I esteem him. I wish to culti- 
vate this gentleman's acquaintance and regard, for the great esteem I have of his 
virtues. ... I know you will receive him as my friend, and what is more, his 
country's friend, who, sacrificing private fortune, independence, ease, and every 
domestic pleasure, sets off at his country's call to exert himself in her defence. . . . 
Let our youth look up to this man as a pattern to form themselves by, who unites 
the bravery of the soldier with the most consummate modesty and virtue." This 
vivid and just appreciation of Washington clearly implies in the writer the existence 
of praiseworthy civic ideals. 

. But Deane was not elected to a third term. John Adams threw the blame on the 
unsuccessful candidate himself. "The good people of Connecticut thought him 


a man of talent and enterprise, but of more ambition than principle." Deane's 
own explanation appears in a letter to his wife: "I am quite willing to quit my 
station to abler men. My long and thorough acquaintance with the genius of the 
Assembly prevents my being surprised at any sudden whim. . . . On a review 
of the part I have acted on the public theater of life, an examination of my own 
genius and disposition, unfit for trimming, courting, and intrigues with the populace, 
I have greater reason to wonder how I became popular at all. One of the greatest 
pleasures I enjoy is the rectitude of my intentions and conduct." If there is in 
these Vvords a suggestion of the prig, there is surely none of the demagogue; and of 
democratic feeling there is not a trace. Perhaps too one may find a hint of that 
political imprudence degenerating too often into recklessness which was destined 
to wreck the career of SUas Deane. 

On the second of August, 1776, the Committee of Congress for secret correspond- 
ence commissioned Deane "to go into France, there to transact such business com- 
mercial and political as we have committed to his care." This "business" was to 
secure from France, then at peace with England," clothing and arms for twenty-five 
thousand men with a suitable supply of ammunition and a hundred field pieces" 
to be used by the Colonists against England. Another item was to sound the Count 
de Vergennes as to the probable course of France in case " the Colonies should be 
forced to form themselves into an independent state;" and to promote at the Court 
of France as far as possible, inclinations favorable to the American cause. In other 
words the post assigned to Deane was that of a diplomatic representative of the 
government not yet recognized, a courtier without standing at Court, and a financial 
agent without cash or established credit, who was nevertheless to purchase large 
quantities of war material and to secure its safe transport to the insurgents. Nor 
was this all; by the force of circumstances Deane felt himself compelled to enlist 
and commission foreigners to officer the Revolutionary levies to a large but unde- 
fined extent; and he was to do all this in the face of the determined opposition of the 
British Embassador, aided by a large force of agents and spies. 

Few chapters in American history are so interesting on public grounds, and at 
the same time so crowded with picturesque and dramatic incidents as those which 
narrate the career of Deane in France. He made mistakes, the most serious of 
which was sending too many foreign ofiicers to the United States. Some of these, 
it is true, notably Lafayette, De Kalb and Steuben, proved invaluable; but others 
were worse than useless. And the suggestion that the Count de Broglie be made 
Commander-in-Chief was a colossal blunder. 

But in its most important features Deane's mission was greatly and even bril- 
liantly successful. He achieved under formidable difficulties all that he had been 
commissioned to do, — and more. He secured in generous measure arms, munitions, 
and financial aid; and these helped, — perhaps decisively — to bring about the cap- 
ture of Burgoyne, — a success which led France to grant us recognition and to be- 
come our ally. And it was this recognition and alliance that prepared the way for 
Yorktown, and the acknowledgment of American independence by Great Britain. 

TheoflScial career of Deane, which had begim so auspiciously, terminated ab- 
ruptly in 1778, when at the command of Congress he returned to the United 
States carrying with him the portrait of the French King presented "in a box of 
gold set with diamonds," a friendly and appreciative letter from Vergennes, the 

198 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

loyal affection of the noblehearted Beaumarchais, and a testimonial from his col- 
league Franklin who wrote, "I esteem him as a faithful, active and able min- 
ister who to my knowledge has done great and important services to his country, 
whose interests I wish may always by every one in her employ be as much and 
as efBciently promoted. " 

In the United States Deane met with a chilling reception. For this his well- 
meant but unwise course in commissioning so many foreign officers was in part 
responsible. Ostensibly recalled to give information as to the state of Europe, he 
was required to give a detailed account of all his expenditures. In the absence of 
vouchers, which in the time of his command before sailing it had been impossible 
to collect. Congress found his statement unsatisfactory. The true explanation of 
the recall was that Arthur Lee, a fellow commissioner, who wished to be in control 
of American interests in France, had conspired against both Franklin and Deane. 
Lee worked on Congress through letter s to his two brothers who were members of 
that body, one of them R. E. Lee, a man of much influence. Deane was accused by 
Arthur Lee of misappropriating public funds. The accusation was false; but Deane 
was not allowed to prove his innocence. He had friends, but Congress was so 
organized that they were helpless. A determined minority could postpone indefi- 
nitely action which the majority desired. After months of vainly pleading for 
justice from Congress, Deane lost patience and aired his grievances through the 
press. This course was unwise, it lost him friends, and opened the way for venom- 
ous attacks from enemies. 

Mr. Clark summarizes the early results of the recall as follows: 

"During the fourteen months of waiting on men whose indifference and neglect 
were cruel and heart-breaking, he was summoned but twice to meet the Congress 
that had recalled him upon a pretence; he was treated like a criminal without a 
criminal's opportunity to hear the charges and answer the complaint. " 

Finding the struggle hopeless, Deane decided to return to France and put his 
accounts in shape for settlement, hoping thereby to receive the large balance which 
was his due and which he needed desperately. He reached France in July of 1780 
in deep discouragement. In this second effort to secure justice his failure was as 
complete as in the first and even more exasperating. He was ill, impoverished and 
disheartened. In despondency he wrote in 1781 letters to friends in America 
counselling reunion with Great Britain. Nine of these letters were intercepted and 
published in New York. Most of Deane's countrymen regarded his course as 
treasonable. Even Franklin and Jay, who had given steadfast support hitherto, 
gave him over as lost. He was classed with Benedict Arnold, and it was widely 
believed that he was in the pay of the British Government. From Paris, where 
he was no longer welcome, he retired to Ghent; from Ghent after an unhappy so- 
journ he went to England, subsisting everywhere on loans or charity, and growing 
all the time more bitter, morbid and wretched. At last in 1789 just after embarking 
for America he died on shipboard. 

Was Deane a traitor because he despaired of independency, and wrote his friends 
that it would be better to seek reunion with Great Britain on terms that would secure 
all that we had wished and asked for previous to the Declaration of 1776.' To this 
question Mr. Clark rightly answers. No. And contrary to the widely prevalent 


conviction of Deane's contemporaries Mr. Clark, after a review of the evidence, 
concludes that there is no proof of the accusation that Deane was in collusion with 
the British Government or in its pay. 

But there is need of another question: On whom should rest the blame for Deane's 
discouragement as to the issue of the struggle for Independence and the consequences 
of that discouragement.* To this it would seem fair to reply: The blame rests 
on those who ignored his great services, deprived him of the oflBce he had filled use- 
fully and honorably, accused him falsely, not by open indictment but by innuendo, 
of an infamous crime; and then, refusing him opportunity to prove his innocence, 
persisted in persecution until through persecution he became a wreck in fortune, 
body, mind, and spirit. 

In closing, the reviewer would add that every thoughtful reader of this book 
should gain from it much light on the aims, the spirit, and the men of the Revolu- 
tion; a deeper insight into the injurious workings of private, when in conflict with 
public interests; and lastly, a quickened sense of the dependence of those in public 
employ on the justice of the people and the government whom they serve. 

Anson D. Morse. 

200 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

3rf)e JHnbergrabuatejf 



Theodore A. Greene 

The Amherst College of to-day is experiencing the first sensations of a remark- 
able and unique intellectual awakening. One can not live in touch with our 
college community this year without some realization of the slowly changing atmos- 
phere. A goodly proportion of the diversified interests in undergraduate life is 
furnishing us with increasing evidence of this fact. The star of the once all-engross- 
ing "outside activity" is no longer in the ascendant. Competitions for the va- 
rious organizations look less and less attractive to the undergraduate, as is evidenced 
by the decreasing number of competitors for positions in both athletic and non- 
athletic activities. The newly evolved Student Council is fast systematizing the 
regulation of undergraduate affairs. The establishment of "The Mitre" adds to 
an appreciation of the literary pursuits. Sophomores, under the new regulations, 
are commencing logic and philosophy with the result that no longer are animated 
discussions upon intellectual subjects to be confined to upper-classmen. Groups 
of Sophomores may be found discussing ethics with Socratic dignity in their rooms 
in fraternity houses or the dormitory. Once installed, the professor of social and 
economic conditions — made possible through the George Daniel Olds endowment 
— will be arousing even the Freshman to his responsibilities. The students are 
beginning to think in a new way. A large proportion of the stimulus producing 
this much to be desired effect may be traced directly to the influence of President 

Hand in hand with the intellectual awakening there is arising an interest in the 
religious affairs of the college. Although we are now on a peculiar state of transi- 
tion, yet, in the present situation there is much to be anticipated. As the result 
of personal discussion not only with individuals but also with groups of men from 
the three upper classes one can see that the student in Amherst College to-day is 
adopting the scientific attitude of mind to this extent. There has been created a 
desire to gain more definite understanding of the value of religion in personal life. 
The undergraduate is saying to himself in the words of the proverbial Sunday-school 
boy, "I must look into this Jesus Christ business." He would investigate before 
either adopting or rejecting the Christian principles for himself. A practical ex- 
ample of this budding interest is to be found in the fact that seven members of the 
student body represented Amherst at the recent international convention of the 
Student Volunteer Movement in Kansas City. Amherst had no delegation at 
the same convention held in Rochester, New York, four years ago. A most prom- 
ising opportunity for religious work and education is presenting itself in the im- 
pending growth of our college during the years immediately to come. 

This much it has been necessary to say in order to acquaint us with the present 


situation in Amherst. Now the question logically follows, "How is the Christian 
Association striving to meet this arising interest on the part of the undergraduate? " 
Similar questions have reached us from several of the interested alumni. As- 
suredly they deserve at least a partial answer in these pages. 

During the fall term an effort was made to increase the interest and the devo- 
tional spirit of the first communion service. At that time some twenty-seven 
students united with the College Church under the so-called "Wayside Covenant." 
In preparation for this event letters were sent to the parents of all the Sophomores 
and Freshmen calling their attention to the existence of the College Church and 
to the purpose of the Christian Association. It is impossible of course to measure 
the results of letters, necessarily stereotyped in form; but the warm note of appre- 
ciation sounding in nearly all answers received, as well as the personal interest ex- 
pressed, gave evidence of a real desire to cooperate. 

Acting with the College Church, and striving as nearly as possible to give oppor- 
tunity for a practical expression of the individual student's good will in some form 
of service — both within and without the college community — the Christian Asso- 
ciation is finding its place at Amherst. Jesus Christ sought not only to inspire 
his followers, but further to crystallize that inspiration in action. Mere emotional 
intensity or intellectual curiosity can accomplish little for the individual 
unless some outlet is furnished for his pent-up thought and energy. Only 
by attempting something is the college student — living as he does very largely 
in a world of theory and idealism — brought to a true conception of either the small- 
ness or the vastness of his vision. 

In order to give the student an opportunity to investigate some of the facts about 
religious life in the past, along educational lines, the Association is conducting 
Bible Study classes in the fraternities and dormitories. "New Studies in Acts" 
by Dean Edward I. Bosworth of Oberlin Theological Seminary is the text used. 
Professor Arthur L. Kimball has charge of the normal class for the various frater- 
nity group leaders. Special classes have been held for the Freshmen in the dormi- 
tories with a course in "College Problems." These last groups were led by the 
Senior advisers to the Freshmen in their respective entries. As the Bible Study 
groups began, the Social Study classes were completing their work. There have 
been three such classes; one on "Christianity and the Social Crisis"; one on "Both 
Sides of Socialism," these two conducted by undergraduates; and one on "Com- 
parative Religions" with the secretary. 

Along the line of so-called "community service," within town, the Association 
has found a way to help and to hold some sixty-three of the Amherst boys through 
a regularly organized Boys' Club and a Boy Scouts movement. For the Boys' 
Club the Physical Education Department has kindly given the use of the college 
gymnasium two nights during the week. The Boy Scouts are rising from a former 
and similar band in town, and have inherited from their forerunners a camp near 
the Freshmen River. But the activities of the Association are by no means limited 
to Amherst, the town. Twenty-seven Poles are being taught English, geography 
and history in classes conducted three nights a week at the People's Institute in 
Northampton. This means that fifteen students are giving one night a week reg- 
ularly to this branch of the immigrant education work. Three more men con- 

202 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

duct similar classes for foreigners in the Northampton Y. M. C. A. Holyoke also 
claims a share of our attention. At Grace Church one student has charge of a 
Castle of the Knights of King Arthur, and another has a class of working boys in 
"Literature and Current Events." Also for six weeks during the summer the 
Association runs a vacation school, for which we supply a part of the necessary ex- 
penses. Although much of the service rendered in these various ways has been 
proved effective, yet beyond a doubt the greater benefit is derived by the individual 
students doing the work. Living as many undergraduates do in an atmosphere 
of privilege for thought with but very little opportunity for practice, through this 
work with boys and the immigrant education they can and do get the point of view 
of others less fortunate than themselves, and thus are afforded a taste of the rights 
and responsibilities of approaching citizenship. 

Still another side of the Association work, which is growing into an increasing 
source of benefit both to the student and the community is the work of the Depu- 
tation committee. Through the efforts of this committee arrangements have been 
made for short visits of deputation teams to preparatory schools as well as to neigh- 
boring towns. For example, such topics were treated as "The Honor System," 
"Athletics in College," "Experiences on the Grenfell Mission," "The Social Side 
of College Life," "The Intellectual Side of College Life," and "The Manliness of 
Christianity." By far the most interesting deputation of the fall term was an in- 
ter-collegiate visit to the Preparatory Schools of Worcester, lasting for three days, 
to which Amherst sent three representatives. Men from Yale, Princeton, Dart- 
mouth, Harvard, Williams, Brown, W'. P. I. and Amherst united in presenting to 
the prospective college men of the Preparatory and High Schools of Worcester an ac- 
curate conception of college life. On the first day at mass meetings in each school 
the athletic, the social and the intellectual sides of undergraduate life were pre- 
sented. On the second morning a "hike" was taken with a luncheon and this was 
followed in the afternoon by an exhibition basket-ball game and a relay race be- 
tween the high-school boys and the college men. On Sunday the delegates spoke in 
the churches, Sunday-schools, and Young People's Societies of W'orcester. Not 
only was the opportunity of working with men from other colleges of unique advan- 
tage, but the enthusiam of the delegates as well as the cordial reception of the 
Worcester boys bore ample tribute to the efficiency of this particular side of As- 
sociation work. 

It is not expedient here to speak of the methods of personal work, although that is 
by far the most important side in all religious activity. We must not regard the 
Christian Association of Amherst as a "college activity" in the ordinary academic 
phraseology but rather as "the quality of all the activities." How to interpret and 
make manifest what this quality shall be is the problem. Personal influence is the 
key to the situation. In order to gain an approach to the individual however, he 
must first be appealed to along the lines of his ideals and ambitions. With this idea 
in mind the Cabinet has planned for the year a series of talks upon the professions. 
Already we have heard from representative men of the qualifications, opportuni- 
ties and returns to be looked for in selecting the ministry, journalism, teaching or 
medicine for a life work. The appeal for missions has been presented by Dr. Gren- 
fell, Dr. Patton, Captain Cele and Rev. Dan Crawford, as it is our belief that an 


interest in missions is best stimulated through first hand information. If in ad- 
dition to the direct appeal of the possibilities for service in the professions the in- 
dividual student can be made to realize the power of Christ in his own personal 
life as an aid to accomplishing his most complete work we shall indeed be striking 
at the heart of the problem. The most significant and definite attempt to portray 
the value of a religious experience as an asset in life was made at a special meeting 
of the Association on the fifteenth of February. At that time President Meikle- 
john spoke upon the necessity of a consideration of religion by all college men. He 
was followed by some six of the alumni and trustees with short direct talks upon 
"The Place of Religion in Personal Life." In order that such meetings may be 
truly far-reaching in their results, careful and continual following up is necessary 
on the part of some one vitally and permanently interested. 

Right here comes "the rub." Past and present experience has shown that under 
existing conditions in the religious work at Amherst just such painstaking and well 
directed attention to individual cases is practically impossible. In order to have 
a more vital and productive personal work it is necessary, not only to follow up a 
time of quickening in the spiritual life of an individual temporarily, but also to 
watch its growth throughout the four years of his college course. Under the present 
system a continued interest in a single student is impossible, for now a general sec- 
retary stays but a year. 

Admitting the disadvantages of the moment, wherein lies the "expectation" in 
our religious work.* Amherst College needs and hopes for a Religious Work Direc- 
tor in the immediate future. This man must be more than a mere adviser of the 
Christian Association. For convenience' sake he should be an ordained minister. 
Furthermore he should be recognized as a member of the faculty and should teach 
a course on "Religion," possibly under the Philosophy Department. This course 
should include a study of the origin and history of religion, a comprehensive study 
of comparative religions and in this latter category an exposition of the fundamen- 
tals of Christianity. Of course there need be no attempt to dictate in the class-room. 
Students must be left to draw their own conclusions. In the light of the present 
intellectual awakening at Amherst there is no doubt that such a course, if 
properly presented, will be well patronized. But again this Religious Work Direc- 
tor must be carefully trained for his task, and must combine the qualities of an 
educator, an organizer and a personal worker. He must keep the student's point 
of view continually in mind. He must take his place prepared to spend from four 
to five years at least in the work at Amherst. Such a man will be hard to find. 
The very possibility of having such a director will entail a different and more certain 
system of financial backing, as well as a renewed and increasing concern on the 
part of the alumni. President Meiklejohn, the Board of Directors of the Christian 
Association, and several interested alumni are engaged this very month in plan- 
ning a means to secure just such a director of religious thought for Amherst. 
Let us hope that when the call comes, a more than sufficient interest may be 
aroused to meet this new development in the religious situation at our Alma Mater. 

204 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 


E. M. Whitcomb 

Hockey. Although early indications were given of a successful season at hockey, 
the results obtained were not satisfactory from the sporting point of view — prima- 
rily because of poor ice conditions which prevented continuous practice and also 
caused the cancellation of many games. 

Starting the season with the Harvard game at Boston, the team made an excellent 
showing — much better than could reasonably be expected with only two days of 
practice — being defeated by the score of one to nothing. But this small Harvard 
score was largely due to the magnificent goal defense by Kimball of Amherst who 
made fifty stops. The Tufts game resulted in an eleven to one defeat — the Am- 
herst team being in no condition to repeat after the unusual showing at Cambridge 
the preceding night. 

The rest of the season was mainly a series of no ice, defeats, and postponements, 
the cold weather coming after the end of the schedule. Amherst defeated West 
Point in a fast and well-contested game by the score of 5-4. The game with Wil- 
liams was hard fought but resulted in defeat 3-2, while the strong Aggie team de- 
feated Amherst 4-0, and the Springfield Y. M. C. A. game was a tie 1-1. 

R. H. Bacon, '15, of Newton Highlands was elected Captain for the coming year. 
Altogether, the Hockey season was not a success — but better ice conditions would 
doubtless have made for more interesting sport. 

Swimming. In contrast with the poor Hockey results, the success of the Amherst 
swimmers this winter has been very encouraging. The team won the Triangular 
meet over Williams and Brown by a good margin. Nelligan, '17, was the indi- 
vidual star of the meet, taking three firsts, of which two were record breakers. 

In the dual meet with Brown, Amherst again won by 1| points, Nelligan, '17, 
again starring. 

The Andover Academy team defeated Amherst in the second meet of the season 
by a large score — none of the team appearing to be in form. 

Harvard was decisively beaten on February 21st by 33-20 — Amherst taking four 
out of five firsts and the relay race. 

Although three of the good point winners of the previous year had been lost by 
graduation. Coach Kennedy developed a combination of swimmers far superior 
to any Amherst swimming team of former years. Nelligan, '17 shows promise of 
still better records, while the veterans on the team made excellent improvement 
over their performances the preceding season. 

Baseball. Practice began in the cage in January under the direction of Captain 
Strahan and J. H. Vernon, '12. George Davis, who coached the team last year 
arrived in February, and cutting the squad began in earnest in March. Owing 
to the severe winter weather which continued to the end of March, outdoor practice 
of any kind was impossible, and the team started on its preliminary schedule of 
southern games on March 26th. 

The first game, with the University of Virginia, resulted in a victory by a 5-3 
score, — Amherst playing good ball. The second game, with North Carolina A. & 



















M. College, was also won by Amherst 4-2, a batting rally in the sixth pulling the 
game out. 

It is too early at this writing to pass on the abilities of the team, but the material 
looks very encouraging and the coach clearly demonstrated his capacity last year; 
consequently we confidentlj' hope for another successful season. 

Following is the season's schedule: 

Ante-Season Schedule 
March 27. Univ. of Virginia at Charlottes\'ille, Va. 

28. North Carolina A. & M. College at Raleigh, N. C . 

30. North Carolina A. &. M. College at Raleigh, N. C. 

31. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N. C. 
April 1. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N. C. 

2. Georgetown University at Washington, D. C. 

3. Catholic University at Washington, D. C. 

4. U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md. 
6. Columbia University at New York City. 

Regular Seasoji Schedule, 
April 18. Springfield Y. M. C. A. College at Amherst. 
25. Wesleyan University at Middletown, Conn. 
May 2. Tufts College at Amherst. 

6. Phillips-Andover Academy at Amherst. 
9. Harvard University at Cambridge. 
13. Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst. 
16. Brown University at Providence, R. I. 

21. Williams College at Amherst. 
23. Brown University at Amherst. 
30. Williams College at WlUiamstown. 

June 3. Yale University at New Haven. 

6. Keio University at Amherst. 

10. Princeton University at Princeton, N. J. 

13. Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst. 

22. Dartmouth College at Amherst. 

23. Dartmouth College at Hanover, N. H. 

Football. Thomas J. Riley, former end on the University of Michigan team, 
and the past four years coach at the University of Maine has been selected as coach 
for the Amherst eleven for the 1914 season. In his first year at Maine, Riley turned 
out a team that tied for the State Championship and in the following years won 
three successive Championships. 

The schedule of games is the best balanced one that has been offered in many 



0fiiml anb ^ersional 


At a meeting of the Trustees held in 
New York on Saturday, March 14, 
some important changes in the curricu- 
lum were voted. The following is 
President Meiklejohn's statement re- 
garding these, as published officially in 
the Student: 

"The Trustees have approved the 
action of the Faculty in voting certain 
changes in the curriculum of the college. 
The essential features are as follows: 

"1. The establishment of an elective 
course in social and economic institu- 
tions in the Freshman year. 

"2. The reduction of the reading re- 
quirement in modern languages from 
two languages to one. 

" 3. The reduction of the requirement 
of concentration from three majors and 
one minor, to two majors. As against 
this, no Freshman subject will be 
counted as part of a major. 

"The primary purpose of these 
changes is to give greater opportunity 
for studies in the humanistic sciences, 
philosophy, history, economics, govern- 
ment, etc. The new Freshman course 
will serve as an introduction to these 
subjects. The lessening of the require- 
ments of majors and in modern lan- 
guages will open the field for the con- 
tinuance of these studies in the Sopho- 
more, Junior and Senior years." 

To this statement of the action of the 
Trustees should be added the form of 
statement taken by the ratifying vote 
of the Faculty, at a meeting held March 

1. That an elective course in social 
and economic institutions be put in the 
Freshman year. 

2. That students be required to read 

at sight one modern language instead of 
two as at present. 

3. That in Freshman year a student 
shall be required to take: — 

1. English. 

2. Mathematics. 

3. An ancient language. 

4. Two subjects out of the following 

three groups : 

a. J^oreign language. 

b. Social and economic insti- 


c. Physics, chemistry, biol- 


4. That there be required in the 
Sophomore year an ancient language 
and the election of one subject from 
each of the following groups: 

1. English, modern language, 

2. Mathematics, physics, chem- 

istry, biology. 

3. History and philosophy. 

The fifth course shall be elective. 

5. That if the reading require- 
ment of a modern language has not been 
satisfied Freshman year, a modern 
language must be elected in Sopho- 
more year. 

6. That the minor be discontinued. 

7. That there be required two ma- 
jors, one of which shall be chosen from 
the subjects of the Sophomore year, 
and shall be continued through Junior 
and Senior year; the other may be of the 
same nature, or may consist of Junior 
and Senior studies. A major is defined 
as six semesters of a subject taken over 
a period of two years or more. 

Other important matters considered 
by the Trustees have not reached the 
maturity admitting of report. 




The New York Association. — The 
annual dinner of the association was 
held at the Waldorf-Astoria on Febru- 
ary 27th, and was attended by more 
than two hundred alumni. The toast- 
master was Collin Armstrong, '77, and 
the speakers were President Meiklejohn, 
Alfred E. Stearns, '94, Burges Johnson, 
'99, and Mr. Henry E. Jenkins, district 
superintendent of schools of New 
York City. Maurice L. Farrell, '01, 
in full armor to represent Lord Geoffrey, 
dehvered a prologue. The '77 reunion 
trophy was awarded to 1906, with 
twelve present. The same number were 
present from "89, and '06 won the toss. 
The class of '77, the donors, had thirteen 
present. The menu contained a photo- 
graph of the Morris Pratt Memorial 

The Connecticut Valley Association. 
— The annual dinner was held on 
January 16th, at the Hotel Worthy, 
Springfield. William F. Whiting, '86, 
the retiring president of the association, 
acted as toastmaster, and the other 
speakers were President Meiklejohn, 
Professor Henry M. Tj'ler, 'Q5, of Smith 
College, Dr. Herbert C. Emerson, '89, 
Frederick S. Allis, '93, and Professors 
Emerson, John M. Tyler and Crook. 
The singing was led by Blake, '97, and 
Merrill, '99. About eighty alumni 
were present. Dr. Emerson was elected 
president of the association, George R. 
Yerrall, '11, secretary and treasurer, 
and William F. WTiiting, '86, repre- 
sentative in the alumni council. 

The Boston Association. — The annual 
dinner of the association was held at 
the Copley-Plaza on January 28th, and 

was the largest gathering in the associa- 
tion's history, more than five hundred 
being present. The class of '78 secured 
the prize for the largest attendance. 
The toastmaster was William Orr, '83, 
and the speakers were President Meikle- 
john, Rev. John T. Stone, '91, Dwight 
W. Morrow, '95, and Sydney D. Cham- 
berlain, '14, Robert A. Woods, '86, 
was elected president of the association, 
and Harold C. Keith, '08, secretary. 

The Chicago Association.— The young 
alumni association had a very successful 
dinner on January 31st at the Uni- 
versity Club. Seventy-five men were 
present, and the speakers were Professor 
John M. Tyler and Frederick S. Allis, 
'93. John M. Clapp, '90, of Lake 
Forest college, acted as toastmaster. 

George H. Mcllvaine, '01, was elected 
president of the aossciation, A. Mitchell, 
'10, secretary, and Percival B. Palmer, 
'04, Marquette Building, treasurer. 

The Philadelphia Association. — The 
annual dinner of the association was 
held at the University Club on February 
13th, and was a most successful affair. 
Frederick P. Powers, '71, editor of the 
Philadelphia Record, acted as toast- 
master, and the speakers were President 
INIeiklejohn, Rev. Winthrop Greene, 
Rev. John H. Eastman, '69, Barry 
Bulkley, '87, Samuel D. Warriner, '88, 
and Frederick S. Allis, '93. The singing 
was led by Robert P. Esty, '97. The 
new president of the association is Rev. 
Charles E. Bronson, '80, and the secre- 
tary and treasurer is Theodore W. 
Seckendorff, 1353 So. Linden St., West 



The Washington Association. — The 
annual dinner of the association was 
held at the Cosmos Club on March 
li2th. President Meiklejohn was the 
principal speaker, and among those 
present were three Amherst congress- 
men, Gillett, '74, Rainey, '83, and 
Treadway, '86. 

The Brooklyn Association. — This 
Association has given the College a 
scholarship of $140 for the year 1914- 
1915, open to candidates who have this 
year completed their preparation in any 
Brooklyn high school. 

The Cleveland Association. — The 
Association of Cleveland and vicinity 
met informally for dinner February 
25th at the University Club, Cleveland. 
Charles K. Arter, '88, presided. Fred- 
erick S. AUis, '93, the guest of the 
evening, told about the plans for form- 
ing an alumni council. The alumni 
present at the dinner expressed their 
interest in the plans and gave them 
their enthusiastic approval. — Charles 
W. Disbrow, '94, is Secretary of the 

The Alumni Council. — The final 
meeting of the Organization Committee 
of the Alumni Council of Amherst Col- 
lege was held in Springfield at the Hotel 
Kimball, on Saturday, March 28th. 
There were present Pres. Wm. F. 
Slocum, '74, of Colorado College, Wil- 
liam Orr, '83, of Boston, Henry P. 
Field, Esq., '80, of Northampton, 
Frank H. Parsons, Esq., '81, of New 
York, William B. Greenough, Esq., '88, 
of Providence, Prof. Thomas C. Esty, 
'93, of Amherst, Henry P. Kendall, '99, 
of Norwood, Frederick K. Kretschmar, 
'01, of Boston, Ernest M. \^Tiitcomb, 
'04, of Amherst and Frederick H. Allis, 
'93, Secretary of the Committee. A 
constitution for the Council was 
adopted and the members of the first 
Council were appointed. The first 
meeting of the Council will be held in 
Springfield on Wednesday, May 20th, 
the day before the Amherst Williams 
Baseball game at Amherst. The com- 
mittee will shortly make a formal re- 
port to the Alumni. 





The appearance of the year-books 
of the leading clubs is often an item of 
interest as reflecting the activities and 
associations of the alumni. Thus for 
several years Amherst men have been: 
secretary (Houghton, '93) and treas- 
urer (Chapin, '91) of the University 
Club of Boston. 

Possibly the most unique club in the 
country is the Century Association of 
New York, which in many ways is 
more similar than other American clubs 
to the Athenaeum of London. It is 
significant that on its roll are now thirty- 
eight Amherst men, as follows: Abbott, 
'81, Babbott, '78, Bliss, '82, Brownell, 
'71, Child, '90, Clark, '72, Crittenden, 
'81, Cushing, '91, Ewing, '88, Foster, 
'98, Goodnow, '78, Goodnow, '79, 
Hagen, '79. Hamlin, '75, Harris, '66, 
James, '89, Kemp, '81, Morrow, '^95, 
Mead, '67, Norton, '93, Noyes, '83, 
Plimpton, '76, Pratt, '93, Prentice, '85, 
Redfield, '77, Simpson, '71, Smith, '74, 
Stone, '94, Swift, '76, J. B. Walker, '83, 
W. Walker, '83, Walker, '96, Washburn, 
'76, Whitman, '90, Whitridge, '74, 
Willcox, '84, Williams, '73, Woodbridge, 
'89. The Amherst member of longest 
standing is Whitridge (1883), while 
those elected in 1913 were Foster, 
Harris, Morrow, Norton, Pratt and 


Rev. James Buckland died at his 
home in Los Angeles, Cal., on August 22, 
1913, at the age of 83. He was the son 
of Joseph and Rachel (Daniel) Buck- 

land. He fitted for college at Whipple 
academy, Lagrange, Mo. After gradu- 
ating from Amherst he studied law at 
Harvard and was admitted to the bar 
at St. Louis, Mo., in 1856. His experi- 
ence as a lawyer, however, was brief. 
In 1856 he went into the mercantile 
business at St. Louis and continued in 
business until 1874. In 1875 he studied 
theology with Rev. Dr. Albro at Cam- 
bridge and with Rev. J. H. Brooks, 
at St. Louis, Mo. He was ordained in 
the Baptist Church on November 27, 
1876, at East St. Louis, 111. 

Ralph Lyman Parsons, died at his 
home in Ossining, N. Y., on February 
26. Dr. Parsons was born July 30, 1828, 
at Prattsburg, N. Y. In 1857 he was 
graduated from the New York Medical 
College, and was medical superintendent 
of the New York City Asylum for the 
Insane from 1865 to 1877. He held 
the same position in Kings County for 
the year 1877-1878. In 1880 he moved 
to Ossining and estabUshed a private 
sanitarium for persons suffering from 
mental and nervous diseases. He was a 
member of many medical societies. 

The death of Appleton Howe Fitch 
has been reported recently. He died 
on August 28, 1913, at his home in 
Kalamazoo, Mich., at the age of 68. 
He was the son of John Augustus and 
Lucy Ann (Howe) Fitch, and was born 
in Hopington, March 11, 1830. He 
fitted for college at Hopington school 
and Wilbraham academy. After being 
graduated from college he taught at 



Franklin academy, Dover, N. H., 1855- 
1859; in Chicago, 111., 1857-1858; in 
the high school at Dixon, 111., 1858- 
1859; at Peoria, 111., 1859-1864. While 
at Peoria he married Miss Elizabeth H. 
Bennett of Chicago, III., October, 1859. 
During the civil war he served as lieu- 
tenant of the 139th Illinois Volunteers. 
After his return from the war he settled 
in Naples, Ind., as a manufacturer, 
where he resided from 1864 until 1872, 
when he moved to Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Rev. Henry S. Kelsey died in Chicago 
December 26th. He was known to 
many of the oldest Amherst men as 
"Tutor Kelsey," for he was a teacher 
in the mathematical department of 
Amherst for several years. Later he 
studied for the ministry and occupied 
important pastorates at Woburn, Mass., 
and New Haven, Conn. In recent 
years he has been a member of the firm 
of Kelsey & Gore, opticians, Chicago. 
He sent three nephews to Amherst, 
who were graduated in '76, '80 and '84. 


The sixty-fifth anniversary number 
of the Independent, on January 5th, 
contained an article by William Hayes 
Ward on " Three Score Years and Five. " 

The Independent during February 
and March contained a series of articles 
by William Hayes Ward on "What I 
believe and Why." 


Rev. George Sayles Bishop, founder 
and pastor emeritus of the First Re- 
formed Church, East Orange, N. J., 
died suddenly on February 13, at his 
home. Dr. Bishop was born in Roch- 
ester in 1836. He spent forty-four 
years in the ministry, of which thirty- 
five were devoted to East Orange, 
retiring in 1907. One of the best known 

of his writings is his book, "The 
Doctrines of Grace," published in 1910. 
He was at one time editor of the Sower 
and Gospel Field, the Reformed church 
organ. In 1885 Dr. Bishop was 
appointed Vedder lecturer at Rutgers 
college and the Theological Seminary 
at New Brunswick, and three times he 
was elected to represent the Reformed 
church in America in the councils of the 
Pan-Presbyterian Alliance. He twice 
represented the American Presbyterian 
Church in the General Synod of Hol- 

Rev. Edward Payson Gardner died 
at his home in Chester, N. J., on Thurs- 
day February 19th at the age of 76. 
His death came suddenly and was caused 
by heart trouble. Dr. Gardner was 
born in Buffalo, N. Y., on February 2, 
1838, the son of Noah H. and Fanny 
(Foster) Gardner. He fitted for college 
at the private school of Mr. Lord in 
Buffalo. From this school he entered 
Hamilton college where he remained for 
one year, entering Amherst the follow- 
ing year with the sophomore class. He 
attended Union Theological seminary 
1859-1869, and was ordained as a 
Presbyterian clergyman at Cherry 
Valley, N. Y., on February 11, 1865. 
He preached at Cherry Valley 1864- 
1868; at Hoboken, N. J., 1868-1872; 
at Woodland Ave. Church, Cleveland, 
O., 1872-1876; at Portland, Me., 1877- 
1878. He was the author of "Gospel 
Work and Truth." He married Miss 
Marietta Amanda Hall, of West Bloom- 
field, N. H., September 5, 1877. 


Prof. William C. Esty, Secretary, 
85 Elm Street Worcester. Mass. 

Prof. George O. Little, D. D., has 
published in a recent number of the 
Bibliofheca Sacra a new and illuminat- 



ing interpretation of the Book of Esther; 
in which paper he traces the double 
plot of the book, which centers about 
the two characters of Haman and 
Mordecai, and shows how the purpose 
is to draw the contrast between Luck 
and Providence. His treatment ex- 
plains the important part that Purim, 
or the Feast of Lots, plays in the book; 
also it gives a reasonable explanation 
why the name of God is so studiously 
avoided. His view, contrary to that 
of many critics, is that the Book of 
Esther adds a very important element 
to revelation. 


The wife of William A. Lawrence 
died of paralysis at their home in 
Jamaica, N. Y., on February 16th, 
after an illness of five years. Mrs. 
Lawrence was a graduate of Mount 
Holyoke college. 


George Ephraim Fuller, a retired 
fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, died suddenly of heart disease 
at his home in Monson, Mass., Decem- 
ber 23d, aged 74 years. Dr. Fuller was 
a native of Wilbraham. He was one 
of those who left college in '61 to enter 
the army, where he served four years 
and seven months. He had practised 
medicine in Monson since 1868 and at 
the time of his death was president of 
the Monson National bank. 


John Brown Dunbar died at his home 
in Bloomfield, N. J., on Thursday, 
March 12. He was the son of the Rev. 
John Dunbar, long a missionary among 
the Pawnees on the Western plains. 
John Brown Dunbar, the third son. 

was born April 3, 1841, at Bellevue, 
Neb., at that time Indian country, 
where Pawnee, Omaha, and Oto Indians 
roved. Mr. Dunbar was reared among 
the Pawnees, and, of course, spoke their 
language. He was considered an author- 
ity on the language, grammar, and cus- 
toms of this people. 

His father gave Mr. Dunbar his pri- 
mary education while wandering with 
the Pawnees during his missionary 
service, and he spent a year at Hopkins 
Academy, Hadley, Mass. He served 
in the Civil War, and from 1869 to 1878, 
held the chair in Latin and Greek in 
W^ashburn College, Topeka, Kan. After 
leaving Topeka, he became Super- 
intendent of Public Schools at Deposit, 
and later for sixteen years held the 
same position in Bloomfield, N. J. In 
1897, he became connected with the 
Boys' High School in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
where he remained almost to the time 
of his death. 

Mr. Dunbar was a philologist, de- 
voted especially to Indian languages, 
and was deeply interested in the early 
history and exploration of the South- 
western L'nited States. In 1872-73, 
he assisted Father Galiland, of St. 
Mary's Mission, in the preparation of a 
Pottawatami grammar and dictionary. 
He prepared, but did not publish, a 
brief grammar and partial vocabulary 
of the Pawnee language. He furnished 
the late Daniel G. Brinton, of Philadel- 
phia, a collection of Indian songs. 
Pawnee, Arikara, Caddo, and Wichita, 
and papers on the religious beliefs and 
usages and on the medical practices of 
the Pawnees, and assisted Dr. John Gil- 
mary Shea, of Elizabeth, N. J., on va- 
rious Indian matters. To the Magazine 
of American History he contributed an 
important series of articles on the Paw- 
nee Indians, wrote an appendix on the 



Pawnee language for Grinnell's "Paw- 
nee Hero Stories and Folk Tales,' ' and 
besides this wrote many articles on 
Indians and early Western history. 
He edited Cooper's "The Last of the 
Mohicans' ' for the Ginn series of school 


Don Gleason Hill, for two years a 
member of the class of 1865, died Feb- 
ruary 21st, at his home in Dedham. 
Not only was he a distinguished and 
able lawyer, but he won a wide reputa- 
tion for historical and antiquarian 
research. For his studies along this 
line Amherst bestowed on him the hon- 
orary degree of A.M. Mr. Hill was 
town clerk of Dedham for thirty- two 
years, and held every other important 
oflBce within the gift of the town for 
extended periods. He was a member 
of numerous historical societies and for 
years president of the Dedham Histori- 
cal Society. He edited the "Old Ded- 
ham Records" in five volumes and 
"Modern Dedham Records" in four 
volumes. Rev. Joseph B. Seaburj', 
'69, delivered a eulogy at the funeral 


Rev. John E. Dame died in Dover, 
N. H., on January 28th at the age of 
74, after fifty-three years in the ministry. 
He was born in Hollowell, Me., Decem- 
ber 11, 1840, and after leaving he 
attended the New Hampton Theologi- 
cal seminary. He was ordained Octo- 
ber 28, 1868, at Danville, Vt., and 
after two years at Danville, he accepted 
the call of the Free Baptist Church at 
Lowell. Later he preached in Boston 
and several other parishes in Massachu- 
setts, Maine and New Hampshire. His 
widow and five children survive. 


Payson W. Lyman, for twenty-five 
years pastor of the Fowler Congrega- 
tional Church of Fall River, Mass., 
has resigned. 


Professor Josiah Renick Smith, of 
the Ohio State University, died in Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, February 14. A resident 
of Columbus practically all his life. 
Professor Smith was beloved as a man 
of culture, fine instincts and high 
character. He was the author of text 
books, numerous essays and critical 
articles. He was born in Columbus in 
1851, the son of Rev. Josiah D. Smith, 
a Presbyterian minister. Educated in 
the Columbus schools, after leaving 
Amherst, he first taught in Columbus 
high school and became assistant pro- 
fessor of classic languages at Ohio State 
University in 1876. From 1881 to 1883 
he attended Leipzig university, and then 
returned to Columbus, where the chair 
of Greek language and literature was 
created for him at the university. He 
had held this post continuously since 

From the numerous tributes to Pro- 
fessor Smith we quote the following: 

In the death of Professor Josiah 
Renick Smith Columbus has lost one 
of her most beloved citizens. 

Cultured scholar, teacher and author, 
he left to the educational world a rich 
legacy of scholarly achievements. But, 
while he ranked high as an educator, to 
a larger circle of acquaintances Pro- 
fessor Smith was better known as a 
musical critic. For years his criticisms 
in The Citizen were eagerly sought and 
universally accepted as the "last word" 
by the best musicians of Columbus. 
He was fearless and impartial and his 
sincerity never was questioned. 

Professor Smith had a lovable per- 
sonality. In his contact with his fellow 



men lie never assumed dignity to 
impress nor austerity to enforce. There 
never was any sham or pretense about 
him. He never was too busy to be 
courteous. The humblest always found 
him considerate without being patroniz- 
ing. He was a real man and Columbus 
will miss him. 


Prof. John M. Tyler, Secretary, 
Amherst, Mass. 

Charles N. Clark has been recently 
elected one of the directors of the North- 
ampton bank. 

The death has been reported, on 
July 29th, 1913, of Dr. John B. Swift 
of Boston. 

Rev. J. B. Thrall of Leicester has 
accepted a call to the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Asheville, N. C. 

On February 22d, Talcott Williams 
spoke at the twelfth annual conference 
of New England Student Churchmen, 
held at Amherst, on "Preparation and 
Service." He recently delivered an 
address on "The Public and the Press, " 
at the "people's meeting "of the Church 
of the Unity in Springfield. 

Rev. Russell Woodman of St. Peter's 
Church, Rockland, Me., died in London 
on October 26, 1913. Born in Bucks- 
port, Me., September 3, 1851, he was 
early sent to the Abbott school for 
boys, and thence to Phillips Andover 
Academy. His first charge was Christ 
Church, Hudson, N. Y. After holding 
this position for a year, he went to the 
General Theological Seminary in New 
York. He then finished his studies at 
Oxford, England. On his return, in 
1884, he was ordained and accepted the 
curacy of St. Peter's, Albany, N. Y. 
After three years' service there he was 
called to the rectorship of Trinity, 
Albany, where he continued for ten 
years. A nervous break-down made it 
necessary for him to go to Maine. 

After recovering somewhat from this 
attack he took charge of St. Peter's 
Church, Rockland, Me., in 1901. 


Elihtj G. Loomis, Secretary, 
28 State Street., Boston, Mass. 

Melvil Dewey was one of the speakers 
at the annual meeting of the Efficiency 
Society in New York City on January 

Congressman Frederick H. Gillett 
spoke on February 27th before the New 
York Young Republican Club on " Spoils 
in the Federal Civil Service." 


Prof. Levi H. Elwell, Secretary, 
Amherst, Mass. 

Charles A. Buffum gave a talk on 
January 17th, at Williston Seminary 
entitled "Venice and Milan." 

Professor David Todd spoke on 
February 2d at the Chicopee Baptist 
Church on "Sun, moon and stars." 


W'lLLiAM M. DucKER, Secretary, 
111 Broadway, New York City. 

The following were present at the 
dinner of the Amherst Association of 
New York, Friday, February 27th: 
Clark, Ducker, Guild, Hawes, Plimp- 
ton, E. R. Smith, Stanchfield and Wash- 
burn. All congratulate the Dinner 
Committee on the success of their efforts 
to make it " a live one. " 

The William Brewster Clark lectures 
of last year, by Professor James T. 
Shotwell of Columbia University, 
have been published by the Houghton 
MifBin Co. in a volume entitled "The 
Religious Revolution of To-day." 

The Bulletin of Furman University, 
Greenville, S. C, containing a history 



of Robert W. Patton's struggles in 
obtaining his education, has just been 
received. It is an interesting exhibi- 
tion of indomitable persistency against 
almost insurmountable obstacles. 

George A. Plimpton was one of the 
speakers at a Conference on Literary 
Work, held in New York February 17th, 
under the auspices of the Intercollegiate 
Bureau of Occupations. He is one of 
the twenty-nine trustees who will 
administer the fund of $2,000,000 re- 
cently given by Andrew Carnegie to 
be used through the churches for the 
promotion of international peace. He 
is also treasurer of the Church Peace 

George A. Plimpton has inaugurated 
an original and unique feature, the 
Permanent Educational Exhibit, in his 
new fourteen story building at Fifth 
Avenue and 13th Street, New York, 
called the Educational Building. Here 
are installed upwards of one hundred 
exhibits, exclusively along the line of 
education, in every conceivable branch. 
The object in view is a bureau for 
teachers' information, where may be 
found all up-to-date methods pertinent 
to their field of labor. 

Rev. Arthur C. Powell, who for many 
years has been pastor of Grace Church 
in Baltimore, has recently resigned, and 
is at present temporary rector of St. 
Luke's, in the same city. 

We regret to learn of the death of a 
son of Charles P. Searle. 

The Secretary will be greatly assisted 
if '76 men will furnish him with any 
personal information, so that the same 
may be recorded from time to time in 
this column. 


Rev. a. DeW. Mason, Secretary, 
222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Nine members of the class of 1877 live 

in Boston and vicinity : Bond, Copeland, 
Dresser, Eddy, Gray, Green, Kyle, 
Leete, and Tobey; and twelve in New 
York and vicinity: Armstrong, Deady, 
Fowler, Hartwell, Loomis, Marple, 
Mason, Maxson, Morrell, Osgood, Pratt, 
Redfield. No two of the men live in 
any other one town or city. 

The Annual Reunion of the Amherst 
Alumni Association of Boston was held 
on January 27 at the Copley Plaza Hotel 
and was a great success. Seven "Sev- 
enty-seven" men attended: Bond, Cope- 
land, Dresser, Gray, Keith, Kyle and 
Tobey. Four guests were also present, 
making eleven in all in the circle sur- 
rounding the table. 

Charles F. Adams has been elected 
president of the Michigan Amherst 
Alumni Association. 

Collin Armstrong has been elected 
president of the New York Amherst 
Alumni Association and presided at the 
Annual dinner. 

Mr. and Mrs. Collin Armstrong re- 
cently gave a dinner at their home, 220 
West 98th Street, New York City, in 
honor of Dr. Talcott Williams, '73, 
director of the Pulitzer School of Jour- 
nalism in Columbia University, and 
Mrs. Williams. Other guests were: 
President Emeritus George Harris, '66, 
and Mrs. Harris, District-Attorney 
Charles S. Whitman, '90, and Mrs. 
Whitman, Justice Bartow S. Weeks 
and Mrs. Weeks and Col. and Mrs. 
Henry W. Sackett. 

Rev. Clarence H. Barber officiated 
lately at the marriage of two of his sons, 
one of whom is in business in Philadel- 
phia and the other of whom has just been 
settled as pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Green's Farms, Conn. 

Prof. John M. Clarke spent a portion 
of last summer in erecting a monument 
and laying out a park in commemoration 



of Sir William Logan, the first Director 
of the Geological Survey of Canada, who 
began his work in 1842. 

J. Converse Gray has been elected 
President of the Burnap Free Home at 
Dorchester, Mass., for the fourteenth 
consecutive year. 

Prof. Charles S. Hartwell has under 
his care seventeen teachers and 2700 
pupils in one of the public schools of 

Rev. Joseph B. Hingeley, as Secretary 
of the Board of Conference Claimants 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
has raised $200,000 for this ministerial 
relief fund of his Church and is pressing 
on toward the "million dollar mark." 

The Columbia Law Review for March 
contained a review of Woerner's "Law 
of Decedents' Estates" by Professor 
Henry S. Redfield. 

Judge Alonzo T. Searle has tried over 
twelve hundred cases within the last four 
years without suffering a single reversal 
by the higher courts. 

Henry Stockbridge is a member of the 
Commission on Uniform State Laws of 
Maryland, in which state he is also a 
Justice of the Supreme Court. 

Erasmus B. Waples is still suffering 
from the results of a severe accident 
which befell him nearly two years ago 
while travelling in Europe, but is now 
slowly progressing toward his normal 


Prof. H. Norman Gardixer, Secretary, 
Northampton, Mass. 

Members of the Long Beach, Cal., 
Realty Board showed their appreciation 
of the efforts of Henry P. Barbour in 
behalf of the movement to secure bonds 
for the harbor and port improve- 

ment project in that city by reelecting 
him at the annual meeting, held Jan- 
uary 10, president of the organization 
for another year. On January 20 Bar- 
bour assisted, as chairman of the build- 
ing committee, in the ceremonies con- 
nected with the laying of the corner 
stone of the new Congregational Church 
at Long Beach, announcing the contents 
of the box and directing the placing of 
the same in the corner stone. The 
handsome building, being erected at an 
estimated cost of $130,000, owes its 
existence in large measure to Barbour's 
interest and energy. 

The New York Times of Sunday, 
February 8, contained an article by Rev. 
William D. P. Bliss on the religious 
militant organization, the Religious 
Citizenship League, of which Bliss is 
General Secretary. The League, it is 
explained, differs from previous organi- 
zations in plannmg to enlist religion in 
a warfare in behalf of positive social 
legislation. Among the measures ad- 
vocated are suffrage for women, sup- 
pression of white slavery by federal 
investigation and prosecution, uniform 
marriage and divorce laws in the differ- 
ent states, prohibition of child labor, the 
minimum wage for women, creation of a 
National Health Bureau, extension of 
the parcel post and absorption by the 
Post Office of the telegraph and tele- 
phone, and federal supervision of rail- 
ways and steamship lines. The League 
is non-partisan politically and non- 
denominational in religion. Its head- 
quarters are in the Bible House, New 
York City. 

Charles H. Moore had a letter in the 
Greensboro, N. C, Daily News of Feb- 
ruary 7 in reply to an ante-bellum south- 
erner who had charged the negroes with 
universal ingratitude. 




Prof. J. F. Jameson, Secretary, 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 

Rev. Nehemiah Boynton served in 
March on a commission appointed by 
Mayor Mitchell of New York to advise 
as to the proper closing hour for restau- 
rants and dance halls. Their report 
was in favor of 2 a.m. as the closing 

Stanton Coit, of London, spoke before 
the College Christian Association on 
March 1st on "The Soul of America." 
On January 19th he spoke before a 
gathering of Congregational ministers 
in Pilgrim Hall, Boston, on "How to 
develop the spiritual resources of 

It was announced at the end of Feb- 
ruary that Professor Frank J. Goodnow 
had been elected to, and had accepted, 
the presidency of Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, in succession to Dr. Ira Remsen, 
who resigned in 1911. After leaving 
Amherst, Professor Goodnow graduated 
from the law school of Columbia Uni- 
versity and later studied at the Univer- 
sity of Berlin and at the Kcole Libre 
des Sciences Politiques in Paris. Since 
1883 he has been connected with Colum- 
bia University, serving successively as 
instructor in history, and as lecturer, 
adjunct professor and professor of 
administrative law, holding at present 
the Eaton professorship of administra- 
tive law and municipal science. He has 
also served as acting dean of the faculty 
of political science. He has received 
the honorary degree of LL.D. from 
Amherst, Harvard and Columbia. He 
was the first president of the American 
Political Science Association, and is a 
member of the American Economic 
Association, and of the Century, City 
and University clubs of New York and 
the Cosmos club of Washington. He 

is the author of "Comparative Adminis- 
trative Law" (1893), "Municipal Home 
Rule" (1895), "Municipal Problems" 
(1897), "Politics and Administration" 
(1900), "City Government in the 
United States" (1904), "Principles of 
the Administrative Law of the United 
States" (1905), and "Social Reform and 
the Constitution" (1911), and the 
editor of " Cases on the Law of Taxa- 
tion" (1905), "Cases on Government 
and Administration" (1906), and 
"Cases on the Law of Officers" (1906). 
For the past year Professor Goodnow 
has been serving as legal adviser to the 
President of the Chinese Republic. 
In 1900 he served on the commission 
which drafted the new charter for New 
York City, and more recently he served 
on President Taft's Economy and 
Efficiency Commission. He also was 
appointed in 1912 to investigate the 
school administration of New York 
City. He married Miss Elizabeth 
Lyall of Brooklyn in 1886, and their 
son, David F., who was a member of the 
class of 1909, is now practising law in 
New York City. 

The Baltimore Sun contained the 
following editorial: 

The acceptance by Dr. Frank Johnson 
Goodnow of the presidency of the Johns 
Hopkins University brings to a gratify- 
ing conclusion an effort extending over 
a considerable period of time to fill one 
of the most important posts in the whole 
field of learning. The interest and the 
concern created by this vacancy have 
not been confined to Baltimore, but 
have extended to all those engaged in 
higher education the world over. The 
result will be accepted everywhere as 
satisfactory. From all accounts Dr. 
Goodnow possesses all-around qualifi- 
cations for the work that he is to take 
up next fall. He is not only a scholar — 
and by the way, his special field is one 
that will appeal peculiarly to a large 
city in the throes of solving its municipal 
problems — but he is a man of poise and 



"worldly knowledge, peculiarly fitted to 
deal with those matters of administra- 
tion which constitute so large a part of 
the university's problem at this time. 

The trustees of the Johns Hopkins 
are to be congratulated upon the pa- 
tience, fidelity and ability with which 
they have pursued a difficult task to a 
successful end. It will be a happy 
announcement that President Keyser 
will have to make at the commemoration 
day exercises today. The announce- 
ment will have the effect of stimulating 
interest and creating high hopes in the 
development of the plan for the Johns 
Hopkins University in its new setting 
at Home wood. 

The Baltimore News contained the 
following editorial: 

The presidency of the Johns Hopkins 
University is one of the great educa- 
tional positions of the world. In seek- 
ing to fill it after Dr. Remsen's resig- 
nation two years ago the trustees could 
do no less than set their standard as 
high as the importance of the post re- 

They have taken a long time to com- 
plete their task. And as far as the re- 
sult may be judged at this time, they 
have not fallen below their own ideal. 
This is the best answer to all criticisms 
based upon delay. 

They sought a combination of the 
administrator and the research scholar, 
and Dr. Goodnow is both. They 
sought a man not too far advanced in 
years, and the new president is 55. 

Had the trustees waited long before 
turning to him, the public might have 
suspected that he had not the qualifi- 
cations which would have commended 
him at once. But it appears that he 
was prominently considered early in 
the quest, and that his name was 
removed from the list of eligibles only 
because his engagement as constitu- 
tional adviser of the Chinese Republic 
was believed by him and the trustees 
to render his acceptance of the Hopkins 
presidency impossible. By determined 
efforts this obstacle has been removed 
at last. 

The Hopkins has had but three pres- 
idents in the 38 years of its existence. 
Oilman, the wonderful organizer, came 
to the University with less prestige and 
less evidence of all around capacity 

than Dr. Goodnow possesses, Remsen, 
the second, was a chemist first and last, 
and took up the reins because he had 
been accustomed to do so during the 
periods of Gilman's absence. He has 
never relaxed his hold upon the speci- 
alty which has made the department 
of chemistry at the Hopkins one of the 
most famous in America. 

It is no disparagement to either of 
his eminent predecessors to say that 
Dr. Goodnow possesses a versatility 
and an intimate acquaintance with 
public affairs outside of the field of 
scholarship which few university men 
in America have ever had. He has 
lived as well as studied his specialty of 
political science. If he shall measure 
up in his new position to the standard 
which his own record has set, not only 
the Johns Hopkins and Baltimore but 
he whole educational world will gain. 

The New York Evening Post of Feb- 
ruary 24 contained the following 
editorial : 

The question of the Johns Hopkins 
Presidency has at last been solved by the 
offer of the post to Prof. Frank J. Good- 
now, and its acceptance by him. Pro- 
fessor Goodnow's ability in his own 
field, his administrative capacity and 
experience, and his exceptional working 
power give promise of success in his 
new undertaking. In personal traits, 
he differs from what is generally thought 
of as the typical university president; 
he is eminently plain and straightfor- 
ward in his ways, and it will be through 
these qualities rather than by means of 
diplomatic management that his influ- 
ence will be built up. He has a diffi- 
cult and complex task before him, with 
the Baltimore University not only about 
to change its home, but branching out 
into the field of technology. From the 
very start, he will be confronted with 
the conflicting claims of extent on the 
one hand and quality on the other; and 
we trust that he will recognize the vital 
importance of firmly adhering, in spite 
of all temptation, to the idea of high 
quality as the paramount aim of the 
University. It is upon that basis that 
it has rendered its great service to 
American scholarship and science, and 
it is upon that basis only that its dis- 
tinctive merit as an institution of 
national importance can be maintained. 




Henky p. Field, Secretary, 
Northampton, Mass. 

The following members of the class 
were present at the dinner of the Boston 
Alumni held in January : Blair, Farwell, 
H. P. Field, Headley, Keith, Kelsey, 
Packard and Perkins. 

Frank W. Blair is financial editor of 
the Boston Journal. 

Rev. John DePeu, formerly of Bridge- 
port, Conn., is now pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church at Williamstown, 

Rev. Parris T. Farwell has recently 
resigned as pastor of the Congregational 
Church at Wellesley Hills, Mass., and is 
now doing editorial work for the Con- 
gregaiionalist. He is author of a volume 
on "Village Improvements," published 
by Sturgis and Walton in their "Far- 
mers' Practical Library "series. It has 
been spoken of as "one of the most sug- 
gestive and valuable of the whole series. 
Dr. Farwell has had a wide experience 
in some of the finest New England towns 
and his wide study makes him an au- 
thority on the subject. How far-reach- 
ing the subject is may be gleaned from 
the table of contents, for village im- 
provement today is something more 
than the beautifying of the streets and 
the landscape. It means the improve- 
ment of the whole life of the village — the 
enrichment of the social life, the train- 
ing of the children, the preservation of 
health, the subject of law and order, 
and greatest of all, the religious welfare 
of the people. It is more than an ab- 
stract discussion. Specific incidents, 
many of them in the experience of the 
author, are constantly cited. The ap- 
pendix contains the rules of some of the 
most efiicient village improvement socie- 
ties in the country. The book is help- 

fully illustrated. If our New England 
towns might be guided by the instruc- 
tion and experience of this book we 
should have a 'country beautiful.' At 
any rate, much has already been accom- 
plished. That the book of Dr. Farwell 
shows. But in many towns the work 
has not yet begun. This is a book that 
every one with civic pride should read 
for suggestion." 

Charles F. Hopkins has left Duluth 
and is now practising law at Roseburg, 


Frank H. Parsons, Secretary, 
60 Wall Street, New York City. 

On February 11th, Rev. Charles H. 
Dickinson spoke before the men's club 
of the Edwards Church, Northampton, 
on "The emancipation of the negro 
renter." Henry Clay Hall has been 
appointed by President Wilson a mem- 
ber of the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission. He was born in New York 
in 1860, and after leaving Amherst 
was graduated from the Columbia Law 
School. He practised law for a num- 
ber of years in New York City and in 
Paris, and since 1892 has lived at Colo- 
rado Springs, Col., of which city he was 
mayor in the years 1905-1907. He 
also served on the body which drafted 
for that city the new charter providing 
for a commission form of government. 
He has made a specialty of mining law 
and of transportation problems, and 
is regarded as one of the foremost 
citizens of Colorado. The Outlook for 
March 14th contained his portrait 
and also an editorial, including the 
following comment: "His reputation 
for intellectual acumen, for judicial 
fairness, for executive ability and for a 
wide knowledge of public affairs is well 




John P. Gushing, Secretary, 
New Haven, Conn. 

Mary Williams Bliss, daughter of 
Howard S. Bliss, was married at Beirut, 
Syria, on February 12th, to Bayard 
Dodge, son of Cleveland H. Dodge a 
prominent Princeton alumnus. 

Rev. James W. Blxler, of New Lon- 
don, Conn., this winter gave a series 
of lectures on "The History of Chris- 
tian Doctrine" at Atlanta Theological 

Rev. Philips M. Watters has been 
elected president of Gammon Theo- 
logical Seminary at Atlanta, Ga., an in- 
stitution which trains colored preachers 
for the Methodist churches in the south. 

At the 275th Anniversary of the First 
Congregational Church of Exeter,N. H., 
in December, Rev. Lucius H. Thayer, 
of Portsmouth, delivered an address on 
"Three Centuries of New Hampshire 


John B. Walker, Secretary, 
50 East 34th Street, New York City. 

At the annual dinner of the New York 
Alumni Association, on February 27th, 
the following were present: Blanke, 
Houghton, Noyes, Rae, Semple, H. A. 
Smith, J. B. Walker and Warren. Let- 
ters were received and read from Gaboon, 
Cochran, Dyer, Marsh, W. Nash, Orr, 
Patton, Rainey, Rhees, Rugg and W. 

Henry A. H. Smith was married on 
May 22d, 1913, to Miss Kathryn Yost 

Rev. Cornelius H. Patton and Rev. 
Williston Walker spoke before the col- 
lege Christian association on February 
15th on "The place of religion in per- 
sonal life." 

Dr. John B. Walker, according to the 
Columbia Unirersify Quarterly, is now 
visiting surgeon at Bellevue Hospital, 
attending surgeon at the Hospital for 
Ruptured and Crippled, and consult- 
ing surgeon at Manhattan State Hospi- 
tal and at St. Andrew's Convalescent 

Rev. and Mrs. Henry Fairbank have 
returned on furlough from the Marathi 
Mission, Ahmednagar, India, and will 
remain in this country a year. 

Charles C. T. Whitcomb, Headmas- 
ter of the Brockton High School, has 
been appointed representative of the 
Massachusetts State Board of Educa- 
tion at the Panama Pacific Exposition. 
He will have in charge the preparation 
and curatorship of the educational ex- 
hibit from this state. 


Frank E. Whitman, Secretary, 
490 Broome Street, New York. 

Rev. Frederick B. Richards, pastor 
of Phillips Church, South Boston, Mass., 
has resigned to accept a call to the Con- 
gregational Church of St. Johnsbury, 

James E. Tower has returned from 
abroad and has joined the editorial 
staff of the Delineator. WTiile abroad 
he wrote a number of articles on topics 
relating to the railways of France and 
Italy for the American Magazine, the 
Philadelphia Public Ledger, and other 
publications. Mr. and Mrs. Tower 
are now living at the Hotel Bret ton 
Hall, New York City. 


Charles F. Marble, Secretary, 
4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. John B. Clark, for many years 
pastor of the Westminister Presbyterian 



Church, Detroit, Mich., closed his pas- 
torate there in February, and began his 
new duties as pastor of the First Con- 
gregational Church, Washington, D. C. 
His departure from Detroit was marked 
by a large public reception. 

Mr. Clark goes from Detroit to the 
First Congregational Church of Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he will have a 
wider opportunity to make himself felt, 
and where he can deliver his message 
to men of influence from all over the 
nation. Essentially a thinker and a 
poet, and therefore a philosopher, he 
should be eminently fitted for his new 
field of work. It is impossible to avoid 
the conclusion that for a man of his 
equipment and habit of thought, in 
the very prime of life, the opportunity 
that has opened to Mr. Clark is almost 
ideal, and only congratulations and 
good wishes can be offered him as he 
embarks on his new venture. 

The New York Evening Post of Feb- 
ruary 28 contained an interesting letter 
on "The Becker Case" by Daniel F. 
Kellogg. Among other critical com- 
ments is the following: 

No intelligent person familiar with 
the Becker case, or who has even read 
the review of the case by the Court of 
Appeals, can fail to know that this trial 
was conducted on the method invariably 
adopted by ambitious, inexperienced, 
and reckless prosecutors and lawyers in 
all time past — namely, of striving for a 
jury verdict in their favor at any sac- 
rifice whatever of legal principles, and 
leaving it to chance and public clamor 
to carry the verdict successfully past 
the scrutiny of judicial review. The 
attempt in the Becker case has failed 
just as it has failed in a score of such 
cases in our city since sensational jour- 
nalism has had its sway. Our Court 
of Appeals — constituted judges both of 
the law and the fact in capital cases, as 
our newspaper editorial writers seem to 
forget— has shown that another law 
exists in the State of New York besides 
mob law; and every good citizen will 
rejoice at the fact. 

Robert Lansing was in March nomi- 
nated by President Wilson to the impor- 

tant post of Counsel to the Department 
of State, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the resignation of Hon. John Bassett 

Mr. Lansing was born at Watertown, 
N. Y.,-October 17, 1864, and after leav- 
ing Amherst was admitted to the bar 
in his native town, and was there a 
member of the firm of Lansing & 
Lansing from 1889 to 1907. He served 
as associate counsel for the United 
States in the Behring Sea arbitration in 
1892, and was later one of the counsel of 
the Behring Sea Claims Commission. 
In 1903 he served as solicitor for 
the United States Alaskan Boimdary 
Commission, and in 1909 and 1910 
represented the fisheries interests in 
arbitrations at the Hague. He has 
recently been acting as agent of the 
United States in a number of arbitra- 
tion claims pending between Great 
Britain and the United States. In 
addition to membership in various pro- 
fessional and learned societies, as well 
as in the Metropolitan and Chevy 
Chase Clubs of Washington, he has 
been a trustee of the Watertown public 
library and vice-president of the City 
National Bank of Watertown. He is 
one of the authors of "Government: 
its Origin, Growth and Form in the 
United States,' ' and is one of the editors 
of the American Journal of Internaiional 
Law. He is a son-in-law of Hon. John 
W. Foster, formerly Secretary of State. 
The New York Evening Sun said: "The 
selection of Mr. Lansing was most 
heartily commended as soon as it be- 
came known that he had been ap- 

The New York Times contained the 
following editorial comment on the 

The appointment of Mr. Robert 
Lansing to the post of State Depart- 
ment Counselor, made vacant by the 



much regretted retirement of Mr. John 
Bassett Moore, will serve to relieve 
the anxiety that has lately been frankly 
expressed as to the conduct of the 
affairs of that department in the 
immediate future. Mr. Lansing has 
had ample training for the onerous 
post and is believed to have precisely 
the qualities of mind required for the 
performance of its duties. He is 
versed in international law and within 
the last twenty years has been of 
great service to his country as counsel 
in various cases of international dis- 
pute. As a lawyer Mr. Lansing is 
likely to confine his services in the 
department to the exposition of the 
legal aspects of the various problems 
that arise, but the presence of a man 
so experienced and well equipped will 
not be the less beneficial in view of 
the plentiful evidence of the lack of 
experience in international procedure 
in the Secretary of State's office these 

The New York Evening Sun com- 
mented editorially upon the appoint- 
ment in part as follows : 

A Reassuring Selection. 

The choice of Robert Lansing of 
New York as counselor to the State 
Department will lessen apprehension in 
the country, which was inclined to fear 
that Mr. John Bassett Moore's successor 
would not more than equal in talent 
for diplomacy some of Mr. Bryan's 
other assistants, in which case the State 
Department stood a good chance of 
becoming a derelict in international 

Deprived of the services of Coun- 
selor Moore, it is comforting to know 
what advice upon foreign issues — such 
advice as Mr. Bryan will take — is to 
come from one who has long specialized 
in international matters. Mr. Lansing, 
moreover, is a son-in-law of John W. 
Foster, Secretary of State under Presi- 
dent Harrison, and is to this extent 
identified with the Department from 
days when its methods won greater 
respect that at present .... 

With this experience and equipment 

it appears that Mr. Lansing should be 

able to offer the sort of advice which 

the State Department most urgently 


requires, and it is to be hoped that Mr. 
Bryan will lend an ear to at least this 
other voice of counsel. 

Congressman Allen T. Treadway 
spoke in Pittsburgh on January 29th at 
the banquet commemorating President 
McKinley's birthday. 

William F. Walker died suddenly, of 
angina pectoris, on January 24th, at his 
home in Fair Haven, Vt. He had ap- 
parently been in the best of health, and 
on the day of the fatal attack had at- 
tended to his business affairs as usual. 
The son of Franklin W. and Elvira 
(Sherman) Walker, he was born in Ben- 
son, Vt., January 24, 1865, and fitted 
for college chiefly at Hadley and at the 
Troy conference academy, Poultney, 
Vt. After leaving Amherst, he attended 
the Albany Law School, and after com- 
pleting the course there he became su- 
pervisor of schools for Rutland County, 
making his home at Proctor, Vt. He 
was the first treiisurer of the Proctor 
Trust Company, remaining in that posi- 
tion until 1891, when he became cashier 
of the First National Bank of Fair 
Haven, the position he held at the time 
of his decease. He had represented Fair 
Haven in the general assembly, had been 
state senator for Rutland county, and 
for many years had been town treasurer 
of Fair Haven, school trustee, library 
trustee, and church treasurer, as well as 
occupying other positions of trust. The 
local paper spoke in the warmest terms 
of his very substantial a nd helpful serv- 
ices to the town. Mr. Walker married 
on August 15, 1889, Miss Emma Spencer 
Jones, of Benson, who, with two daugh- 
ters and one son, survives him. The 
funeral services were held on January 
28th, and were largely attended both by 
the townspeople and by many from sur- 
rounding towns. 

Among other tributes, one of the ac- 
tive citizens of the county wrote: "I be- 



lieve that Mr. Walker was unquestion- 
ably the most influential citizen of Fair 
Haven. The town and every thing per- 
taining to it, especially its finances, has 
met an irreparable loss in being deprived 
of his wisely directing and guiding 

Robert A. Woods, of Boston, has been 
appointed a member of the Boston 
Licensing board, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Commissioner 
Emery. The indorsement received by 
Mr. Woods is said to have had much to 
do with the appointment. Among his 
indorsers were President Emeritus Eliot 
of Harvard, President Lowell of Har- 
vard, President Maclaurin of M. I. T., 
President Murlin of Boston University, 
and Dean Hurlbut of Harvard. Follow- 
ing his graduation at Amherst, Mr. 
Woods took courses in theology and 
social science at Andover Theological 
seminary. He is now a director of the 
South End house, Boston, an institution 
devoted to social settlement work. 

The Rev. James S. Young, pastor of 
the Garfield (N. J.) Presbyterian 
Church, who got out of a sick bed to 
marry a couple in his church, died in 
the General Hospital the next day, 
March 26, of acute indigestion. His 
vitality was so low that the doctors 
feared to operate on him. Mr. Young 
had been ill for a month, but insisted 
on performing the ceremony at the 
wedding of Miss Edna Butterworth and 
William Kistler. He collapsed imme- 
diately afterwards and was removed to 
the hospital. Mr. Young was 50 years 
old and a graduate of Amherst and the 
Union Theological Seminary. 


Asa G. Baker, Secretary, 

6 Cornell Street, Springfield, Mass. 

By special request, Albert S. Bard 

read a paper before the Bar Associa- 

tion of New York City on March 10th, 
on the election laws of New York, a 
subject which he has thoroughly inves- 

The leading article in the New York 
Medical Journal of December 27th is 
the address at the opening of the State 
Cancer hospital at Buffalo, made by Dr. 
James Ewing, now professor of Pathol- 
ogy in Cornell Medical College. 

Prof. W'arren J. Moulton gave a stere- 
opticon lecture at the ninth annual 
convocation week of Bangor Theological 
seminary entitled "A chapter of the 
History of Jerusalem's Struggle for 

Arthur H. Pierce died after a brief 
illness of pneumonia on February 20th, 
at his home in Northampton, Mass. 
He was born in Westboro, July 30, 1867, 
the son of Samuel and Caroline (Tufts) 
Pierce. After graduating he first con- 
tinued his studies at Amherst and served 
as Walker Instructor in Mathematics. 
In 1892 he took the degree of A.M. at 
Harvard, and in 1893 was appointed to 
the newly founded Ruf us B. Kellogg Fel- 
lowship at Amherst. He then pursued 
the study of psychology at Har- 
vard, Berlin, Strassburg and Paris, tak- 
ing the degree of Ph.D. at Harvard in 
1899, and lecturing at Amherst under 
the terms of the Kellogg Fellowsliip 
from 189G to 1900. In 1900 he be- 
came professor of psychology in Smith 
College, and continued in that posi- 
tion until his death. In 1901 he pub- 
lished the results of his work as Kellogg 
Fellow in a volume of "Studies in 
Space Perception." He had been an 
editor of the Psychological Bulletin 
and secretary of the American Psycho- 
logical Association. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by President Burton, 
on February 22d, and the burial was 
at Westboro. Professor Pierce was un- 



married, and is survived by a sister, 
Miss Harriet Pierce, a teacher in the 
Worcester High School. A memorial 
service was held at Smith College on 
March 1st. 

The American Association to Pro- 
mote the Teaching of Speech to the 
Deaf has issued in pamphlet form 
extracts from the report submitted to 
the Board of Education of Massachu- 
setts by John D. Wright, who was 
appointed to conduct an inquiry into 
the education of the deaf in Massachu- 
setts. The Volta Review of January 
contained an article by Professor 
W'right on "The Economic Significance 
of Deafness," being a paper originally 
read before the New York Physicians 
Association on December 17, 1913. 
The same review for November, 1913, 
contained an article by the same 
author on "The Disadvantages of 
Private Instruction in the Home." 

tions between them and the people of 
the United States. Dr. Day also bears 
special greetings from the Congrega- 
tionalists to their missionaries and fel- 
low Christians in the Orient. 

Arthur Curtiss James is a trustee of 
the New York Trust Company and also 
of the United States Trust Company of 
New York. The New York papers an- 
nounce that plans have been filed for 
his new residence, which will occupy a 
portion of the former site, on Park Ave- 
nue, of the Union Theological Seminary. 

Among gifts to Yale University re- 
cently announced was one of $100,000 
from Arthur Curtiss James and Mrs. 
D. Willis James. 

Edgar H. Parkman, of Thompson- 
ville, Conn., is now grand master for 
Connecticut of the Masonic order. 

The Chronicle for February contained 
an article by Frederick J. E. Wood- 
bridge on "Faith and Pragmatism." 


H. H. BoswoRTH, Secretary, 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 

George B. Churchill has been elected 
a member of the school committee of 

Dr. William H. Day, pastor of the 
First Congregational Church of Los 
Angeles, Cal., has been granted a leave 
of absence for a year by the church after 
a faithful and efficient pastorate of 12 
years. Dr. Day left San Francisco with 
his wife and mother on December 18th 
for a trip around the world. Dr. Day 
was asked by the International Peace 
committee, representing many of the 
churches on the Pacific coast, to be their 
messenger of peace and good will to the 
people of Japan, China and India, and to 
express the desire for a better under- 
standing and for the most cordial rela- 


Edwin B. Child, Secretary, 

62 So. W^ashington Square, New York, 

N. Y. 

Henry C. Durand of Chicago has 
pnrchased an estate at Dorset, \ t., 
where he will make his summer home. 

Rev. Fosdick B. Harrison has ten- 
dered his resignation, to take effect 
May 1st, of the pastorate of the First 
Congregational Church of Southington, 

The affirmance by the Court of Ap- 
peals of New York of the conviction of 
the four "gunmen" for the Rosenthal 
murder has attracted further attention 
to the important services of District 
Attorney Whitman. In the February 
number of the Cosmopolitan there is an 
article by John T. Graves entitled 
"Whitman, Peerless Prosecutor." 



Some idea of the work Whitman is doing 
in New York may be gathered from the 
following excerpt: "Whitman, in a day 
when critics of the courts call for new 
procedure, has shown that all that is 
wanted is the old-time virtues of cour- 
age, honesty, ability and devotion to the 
public interest. In the face of incredi- 
ble odds he has already confined 
more corrupt members of the police 
force in New York than all his prede- 
cessors put together for a generation." 


WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Secretary, 
Easthampton, Mass. 

The New York Times of March 8th 
contained a review of Williams' "Life 
of William Pitt," by Henry W. Boyn- 

The Nuova Antologia has recently 
republished in pamphlet form H. Nelson 
Gay's essay on " Cavour e Cesare Balbo; 
Critica e contro-critica letteraria." 

The Financial Chronicle of February 
28th contained a letter by H. A. Gush- 
ing, calling attention to a statute of 
Parliament of 1719, forbidding "inter- 
locking" directors and "interlocking" 
stockholders, and antedating by about 
two hundred years the policy, which 
was supposed to be novel, of the pres- 
ent administration. 

The new Faneuil church edifice in 
Brighton, Mass., where Rev. Andrew 
H. Mulnix is pastor, was recently dedi- 

Robert S. Woodworth has recently 
completed a volume, in collaboration 
with Professor Ladd of Yale, entitled 
"Physiological Psychology." He was 
recently elected president of the Amer- 
ican Psychological Association. 


DiMOX H. Roberts, Secretary, 
Ypsilanti, Mich. 

On February 11th, William H. Lewis 
spoke at the Massachusetts Agricultural 
Gollege, and "gave a strong, interesting 
appeal for the permanent franchise of 
the negro." 

The interesting announcement has 
been received of the "George Burbank 
Shattuck Lectures on Nature and 
Travel." Shattuck, who is professor 
of geology in Vassar College, gives three 
illustrated lectures: "The Lure of the 
Canadian Rockies," "On Saddleback in 
the Yellowstone," and "An evening with 
the Orchids." He also announces for 
the coming summer an outing tour for 
college men, covering New Mexico, 
Arizona and Northern California. 

Cornelius J. Sullivan, is a member of 
the committee on athletics and the com- 
mittee on special schools of the Board 
of Education of New York City. 

A story told in the editorial leader of 
the Atlantic Monthly for February 
sounded to us remarkably like an Am- 
herst story, and was indeed attributed 
to Amherst by a comment in the Spring- 
field Republican. We give the story 

Years ago two college teams, intensest 
of rivals, were playing the decisive game 
of a baseball series. It was the end of 
the ninth. One team led by a single 
run, but the other, with two men out, 
had two men on bases. Then the 
batter knocked a Homeric fly to the re- 
motest field. The two runners dashed 
home. Far to the right, close to the 
outer fence, a fielder, still famous in song 
and legend, flew toward the ball. Could 
he reach it? Not a groan broke the still- 
ness. He is close to it! He is under it! 
Ye Gods of the Nine Innings, he's got it! 
No ! He 's down ! His cleat has tripped 



him. Over and over again he rolls. 
Now he's up, and there clutched in his 
right hand, is the ball. 

Did he catch it? Did he hold it.'' No 
mortal umpire could tell. A roar of pro- 
test went up from the benches on the left. 
With all the dignity of the National 
League upon him, the umpire waved to 
the rocking bleachers to be quiet, so that 
his decision might be heard. But that 
decision was never given. Sullivan, 
captain of the team at the bat, — Sullivan, 
who was a mill-hand before he climbed 
the heights of Olympus, — understood 
the amateur spirit. Disregarding the 
umpire he ran toward the incoming 
fielder, and, in the agony of prolonged 
suspense, cried aloud, 'Honest to God, 
Chick, did you catch it?' 

And Chick, the hero, answered, 
'Honest to God, Sully, I did.' 

And so the game was won in the days 
before coaching was made perfect. 

The incident referred to occurred in 
an Amherst-Williams game when Cor- 
nelius J. Sullivan was captain of the 
Amherst nine. The Williams man was 
at first called safe, but the umpire later 
reversed the decision. 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary, 
Amherst, Mass. 

William H. Da\-is has put in a claim 
for the Second Flight Cup. Gordon 
Davis was born March 18, 1914. 

The officers of the class have been 
at work recently compiling the Fifth 
Report of the class which will be pub- 
lished some time in April. The book 
will contain an account of the 20th 
Reunion, illustrated with photographs, 
a biographical record of each man in 
the class, an account of the class gift 
to the college, of the Second Flight Cup, 
with a cut of the cup, the Treasurer's 
Statement and a complete address list. 
The form in which the statistics about 
each man is recorded, is a new one and 
is believed to be particularly good. 

The report will be one of the best the 
class has ever issued. 

T. Bellows Buffum is now living at 
Walpole, N. H. 

At the recent dinners of the various 
Alumni Associations, President Meikle- 
john has spoken in the highest terms 
of the efficient work that is being done 
by acting Dean Thomas Cushing Esty. 
Professor Esty has had the entire charge 
of the Dean's office during the absence 
of Dean Olds. 

The Spur for March 15 contained 
an interesting illustrated article on 
"Killen worth," George D. Pratt's new 
country house at Glen Cove, Long 
Island. The writer speaks of it as 
"especially notable as an altogether 
admirable expression of a distinctively 
English style of architecture adapted 
to American use." 


Hei\RY E. W'HITCOMb, Secretary, 
Station A, W^orcester, Mass. 

The Executive Committee of the Class 
published at Christmas a diary giving 
the addresses and noting all the historic 
pre-historic and future events of the 

President Stone has appointed the 
following committees for the Vicennial 
Reunion : — Program, Backus, Whitcomb 
and L. E. Smith; Finance, Brown. 
Noyes and Mitchell. 

Edward R. Evans is now pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Pawtucket, 
R. I., and lives at 41 Lyon Street. 

Don Gleason Hill, hon. '94, died at 
his home in Dedham, Mass., on Feb- 
ruary 21, aged 66. He was a well 
known attorney, historian and genealo- 
gist, and a graduate of the Albany Law 

W^alter Clarke Howe, M. D., is secre- 



tary of the Suffolk District Medical 
Society of Boston. 

Dr. Fitz Albert Oakes has given up 
his practice in Worcester, Mass., and 
moved to Providence, R. I. 

Bertrand H. Snell, reports bis hydro- 
electric plant is now in active operation. 
Engineering experts pronounce it one of 
the most complete and up-to-date power 
generating plants in the country. 

Willis D. Wood is a trustee of the 
Brooklyn Trust Company. 

In an article on "Athletics and the 
School" in the Atlantic Monthly for 
February, Principal Alfred E. Stearns 
deplores the dishonesty and foul prac- 
tices that are prevalent in college games, 
especially football, and regards these 
things as a peril to athletics in our col- 
leges and schools, and a deadly menace 
to good morals. He raises inquiries 
like the following: 

With the clear knowledge before us of 
the double standard of honesty so dis- 
gustingly prevalent in our business, 
professional, and political life to-day, 
can we longer tolerate conditions which 
reflect that national disgrace, and at the 
same time provide unlimited material 
for its continuance? And are we blind 
and foolish enough to sit idly by and 
allow irresponsible coaches, bereft of all 
high ideals and governed by the lowest 
motives, to deprive us of that which can 
be, and ought to be, one of the most 
helpful and wholesome influences in the 
life of our schools.* And are we not 
also aware that a clean and high- 
minded coach may exert on our boys a 
more uplifting and permanent influence 
than that perhaps of preachers and 
lecturers combined.'' 

His summarizing paragraph is: 
Knowledge without goodness is dan- 
gerous! In every sphere of life the 
truth of that clear statement is abun- 
dantly evidenced. If we cannot put 
knowledge into the minds of our coming 
citizens while fortifying that knowledge 
with rugged honest}' and sound morals, 
it will be better for our country, and 
better for the world, that we close al- 

together the doors of our institutions of 
learning. Our student life to-day is 
many-sided and complex. But in what- 
ever sphere of that student life charac- 
ter is at stake, there our duty calls us to 
go; and we shall not be true to the 
great trust reposed in us if we fail to 
heed and answer that call. 


William S. Tyler, Secretary, 
30 Church Street, New York, N. Y. 

Hon. Calvin Coolidge of Northamp- 
ton was elected president of the Massa- 
chusetts State senate on Wednesday, 
January 7th. He received 31 out of the 
38 votes cast. His address on that oc- 
casion will be found on another page. 

Robert Bridgman died on March 21st, 
at Bomoseen, Vt., after an illness which 
began with an attack of pleurisy last 
October. He was the son of Herbert 
L. Bridgman, '66, and was born in 
Brooklyn in 1874. He fitted for col- 
lege at the Adelphi Academy, and after 
leaving college went into newspaper 
work, serving on the staffs of the New 
York Sun and Tribune, and later being 
real estate editor of the Times. In 1901 
he married Miss Marion Klaproth, who 
survives with a daughter, eleven years 
old, and a son, Herbert L., Jr., ten years 
old. The funeral service was held on 
March 24th at the house in which he 
was born, 604 Carlton Avenue, Brook- 
lyn, and was conducted by Rev. Nehe- 
miah Boynton, '79. 

Carlton A. Kelley is now district 
sales manager of the Southern Sierras 
Power Co., and lives at Riverside, Cal. 

The New York papers of February 
6th, in reporting a dangerous fire in a 
large apartment building on West 71st 
Street, mention the services of Robert 
H. Mainzer in arousing the sleeping 
tenants and assisting them to the 



Augustus T. Post, ex-secretary of the 
Aero Club of America, was prominent 
recently in the cast of " Omar the Tent- 
maker," Richard Tally's new play. 

Officers of the Brooklyn Young Men's 
Christian Association recently an- 
nounced that the new summer camp for 
boys was a gift to the organization from 
Herbert L. Pratt. Mr. Pratt gave the 
$25,000 with which the site was pur- 
chased. The property, of seventeen 
acres, is at Woodvale , Staten Island 
and has a frontage of 450 feet on Prince's, 

There was an article in the Congrega- 
iionalist for February 12th in commen- 
dation of Rev. Jay T. Stocking. 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary, 
60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

Sumner Blakemore is now teaching 
at Harrison, N. Y. 

Archibald L. Bouton has been elected 
Dean of the College of Arts and Pure 
Science in New York University, suc- 
ceeding in this ofHce Professor Francis 
H. Stoddard, '69, One of the New 
York papers speaks of the new appointee 
as follows: "No member of the Faculty 
of New York University has ever been 
more popular with the student body 
than the new Dean." 

W. Eugene Kimball is a trustee of 
The People's Trust Company of Brook- 

Roberts Walker spoke before the 
Stockbridge, Mass., Forum on Feb- 
ruary 7th on "The Federal Income Tax 
Act. " The address was later published 
in pamphlet form. He served during 
the past winter as chairman of a com- 
mittee representing New York banks 
and trust companies in connection with 
the Income Tax Law. The committee 

prepared forms of protest and issued 
analytical reports on the forms of tax 


Dr. Benjamin K . Emerson, Secretary, 
72 West Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. Loring B. Chase of Sunderland 
has been elected president of the Frank- 
lin County Congregational club. 

Frederick K. Dyar will probably 
spend most of the next year in the north- 
west. His office will be at 508 Empire 
State Building, Spokane, Wash. 

Austin B. Keep has been appointed 
an instructor in history at the College 
of the City of New York. 

James D. Lennehan is now secretary 
of the Life Extension Institute, with 
offices at 25 West 45th Street, New York 

Rev. Oliver B. Loud is now pastor 
of the congregational church at Mittine- 
ague, Mass. 

Rev. Augustine P. Manwell has re- 
ceived a call to the First Congregational 
church at Glovers ville, N. Y. 

William W. Obear has been recently 
appointed head of the science depart- 
ment of the academy at Somerville, 


Rev. Charles W. Merriam, Secretary, 
31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 

Mrs. Georgie Boynton Child, who 
together with her husband, Alfred T. 
Child, conducts the Housekeeping Ex- 
periment Station at Stamford, Conn., 
is publishing with McBride, Nast & 
Co. a book entitled "The EflScient 
Kitchen," written "to answer the 
question of the practical homemaker 
who desires to put her housekeeping on 
a modern basis." 




Fred H. Klaer, Secretary, 
334 So. 16th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Walter A. Dyer, after eight years 
with Doubleday, Page & Co., has re- 
signed his position as editor of Country 
Life in America, and will devote his at- 
tention to magazine writing. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton G. Merrill of 
Santa Barbara, Cal., report the birth 
of a son, Robert Eschenburg, December 
29, 1913. 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary, 
14 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

The following members of the class 
attended the annual banquet of the 
Amherst Associ?tion of New York at 
the Waldorf on the evening of February 
27th: Bates, Eastman, Farrell, Moore, 
Morse, Rockwell, Phillips and Vander- 
bilt. Before the dinner, Farrell imper- 
sonated Lord Geoffrey Amherst, being 
attired in full armor, which, inciden- 
tally, was last worn by E. H. Sothern 
in "If I were King." Farrell appeared 
in the balcony with the spot light upon 
him and gave a welcome to the Sons 
of Amherst from the spirit of Lord 

H. Keyes Eastman has removed from 
Omaha, Neb., and is now living at 
Pierrepont and Henry Streets, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. He is in the " Dromedary Dates" 
business, being associated with Hills 
Bros, at 64 Irving Street, Brooklyn. 

Loren H. Rockwell has been promoted 
to the position of Assistant Trust Officer 
of the Title Guarantee and Trust Com- 
pany, 176 Broadway, New York City. 

Ernest H. Wilkins has written two 
articles on Boccaccio, the first for the 
Romantic Review, discussing the date of 
the birth of Boccaccio, the second for 
Modern Philology, entitled "The Ena- 

mourment of Boccaccio." In collabor- 
ation with Prof. William A. Nitze, for- 
merly of the Amherst College faculty, 
he has published through the Univer- 
sity of Chicago Press a small book on 
"The French Verb: Its Forms and 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary, 
30 South Street, Campello, Mass. 

John Eastman was married on Sep- 
tember 30th to Miss Helen Sohl of 
Columbus, O. 

Rev. J. Mason Wells is teaching the 
History of Philosophy in Swarthmore 
College during the absence of Professor 
Holmes in Europe. He is pastor of the 
Baptist Church in Kermett Square, Pa. 
In the Friends' Intelligencer for the 
third month is an interesting article by 
Mr. Wells on "The Awakening of the 

Rev. Jason N. Pierce of Oberlin, O., 
has accepted a call to the Second 
Congregational Chuich of Dorchester, 
Boston. This is the largest Congrega- 
tional chiu-ch in Boston, having a 
membership of 1200 and a Sunday 
School of 1300. 


Clifford P. Warren, Secretary, 
168 Winthrop Road, Brookline, Mass. 
Stanley H. Tead is now in charge of 
the classing of cotton for George H. 
McFadden & Co., the largest cotton 
firm in America, and has been trans- 
ferred to its Philadelphia headquarters. 
He is living at the Gresham Arms, 
Germantown, Pa. 


Rev. Karl O. Thompson, Secretary, 

643 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Several men of '04 met February 14 
in New York, and designated the follow- 



ing committee to complete the arrange- 
ments for the Decennial in June: 
Howard, Bartlett, Eastman, Sturgis, 
Clymer, Taylor, Kane, Ballon, Hawkins, 
Dodge, O'Donnell, Biram, Pond, and 
Beam. Indications are for a good at- 
tendance. Quill is president of the 
Class; address. Court House, Jersey 
City, N. J. 

A daughter, Florence May, was born 
to Professor and Mrs. Thomas C. 
Brown, February 1, at Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
This is their third daughter and fourth 

Dr. Robert D. Hildreth, has received 
an appointment as associate medical 
examiner of Hampden County, Mass. 

A daughter, Florence Harvey, was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. William N. Morse 
on December 23d. 

An error was made in stating in the 
last Quarterly that George Hoyt's 
death was the first to occur since gradu- 
ation; for in 1905 Paul Storke was taken 
by typhoid fever. 


John B. O'Brien, Secretary, 
309 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

The marriage of Miss Helen Eyre 
Paddock of New York City and Joseph 
Dexter Crowell occurred on Saturday, 
February 21st. Mr. and Mrs. Crowell 
will live at 20 Rutgers Place, Nutley, 
New Jersey. 

Leonard G. Diehl's address is 628| 
W. Galina Street, Butte, Montana. 

Frank Strong Hayden, was married on 
Saturday, January 21st, to Miss Mabel 
Nancy Matthews of Wyoming, New 
York. They will be at home after June 
1st, at Farmstead, Wyoming, New York. 

Yancleve Holmes is located at 114 
Park Place, New York City. 

The address of Hugh H. C. Weed 
is 242 Summer Street, Stamford, Conn. 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary, 
92 Canon Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Kingman Brewster recently opened a 
law office in the Lyman Building, 374 
Main Street, Springfield, Mass. 

Walter P. Hubbard has purchased 
the business of Goldthwaite, Hubbard 
& Smith and is now conducting a gen- 
eral real estate business in the Sterns 
Building, 293 Bridge Street, Springfield, 
Mass., under the name of the Walter 
P. Hubbard Company. 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary, 
262 Lake Avenue, Newton Highlands, 


At the Boston Alumni Dinner, held 
at the Copley Plaza on January 27th, 
Amesbury, Andrews, Blanchard, Boyn- 
ton. King, and Slocum were present. 

Felix Atwood has changed his resi- 
dence to 94 Faxon Road, Atlantic, Mass. 
He is still with the Osborn Manufactur- 
ing Co. of Cleveland. 

Bruce Barton had an article in the 
Congregationalist for January 15th en- 
titled "A Day with Deckei— The 
Welfare W ork of Church House, Provi- 
dence. " The Pilgrim Press has recently 
published a book by Bruce Barton 
entitled "The Resurrection of a So id as 
Described by an Eye Witness." The 
book is described as an indication of 
keen spiritual discernment, coupled 
with vigor of style and literary attrac- 
tiveness. Barton is shortly bringing 
out a book entitled "A Young Man's 

Harold S. Brewster has been ap- 
pointed rector of St. John's Church, 
Bisbee, Ariz. 

Harold R. Crook has left his position 
in the public playgrounds of Chicago 



to accept the directorship of physical 
education in the new Nicholas Senn 
High School, situated in the Edgwater 
district of that city. His address now 
is 1253 Elmdale Avenue. 

John L. Fletcher is now at 66 Liberty 
St., New York City, in charge of the 
national quotation bureau. 

Clarence S. Foster, who is with the 
U. S. Radiator Co., at Paoli, Kansas, 
was promoted on February 1 to the 
position of office manager and plant 

Hugh Hartshorn, instructor in Re- 
ligious Education in the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary and principal of the 
Union School of Religion, was ordained 
to the Congregational ministry at 
Methuen on December 13, 1913. 

Owen A. Locke has recently moved 
from St. Louis to Cleveland, where he 
is engaged in the bond business. 

Word has reached the class secretary of 
the death on February 14th of Homer 
F. Tilton, familiarly known as "Stovie," 
who has been doing newspaper work in 
East Las Vegas, New Mexico. The par- 
ticulars of his death are as yet unknown 
to us. The class has passed resolutions 
expressing its sorrow and its sympathy 
for his relatives. 

John D. Willard, in addition to his 
insurance work, is acting as agent for 
the Massachusetts Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, and is 
earning the reputation of being a vigi- 
lant fighter in the courts for the rights 
of children to proper homes and edu- 


H. W. ZiNSMASTER, Secretary, 
Duluth, Minn. 

Plans for the 1908 Sexennial are 
progressing very rapidly. The H. O. 
Pease House at the corner of Northamp- 
ton Road and Parsons Street has been 

rented and a good crowd is expected 

Donald B. Abbott is now practising 
law with Barber, McGuire & Ehler- 
mame, 165 Broadway, New York City. 

Gilbert W. Benedict is practising 
law in Silver City, New Mexico. Home 
address, 705 Cooper Street. 

The announcement has been made 
of the engagement of Miss Nancy 
Isabel Gray, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
to John Oscar Delamater of the same 

Lieut. George C. Elsey of the 11th 
Infantry is stationed at Texas City, 

Dr. John Gildersleeve is practising 
at the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, 
7th Avenue and 6th Street, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Robert H. Kennedy is with the Pres- 
byterian Hospital, New York City. 

Arthur D. MacMillan is with the 
Town Development Company, 118 East 
28th Street, New York City. 

The engagement is announced of 
Charles W. Niles to Miss Natalie Stew- 
art of New York City. 

Mr. and Mrs. James Sprenger are the 
proud parents of a son, James McCutch- 
eon, born December 22, 1913. 

William Sturgis, in the advertising 
department of the Review of Reviews, is 
president of the Representative Club, 
New York's foremost advertising club. 

William I. Washburn, Jr., and his 
wife are spending the winter in Paris. 


Edward H. Sudbury, Secretary, 
343 Broadway, New York City. 

Roscoe W. Brink is now associate 
editor of the Hearst magazine. 

John A. Gardner, who was admitted 
to the bar in June, 1913, is practising 
law in Fowler, Ind. 



Stoddard Lane of Hartford, Conn., 
sailed for Europe on February 27 and 
will study theology in Germany until 

Morris G. Michaels, who was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1912, is in the law office 
of Vogel & Vogel, 25 Broad Street, New 
York City. 

A son, Clinton White Tylee, Jr., was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Clinton White 
Tylee on December 28th. 


Clarence Fbancis, Secretary, 
26 Broadway, New York City. 

Earle A. Barney is now employed by 
the New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company at Springfield, Mass. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Edward T. Bedford to Miss Helen 
Gaynor, third daughter of the late 
Mayor of New York. Bedford is now 
manager of the Novelty Candy Co., 
Jersey City, N. J. 

Donald M. Gildersleeve, has opened 
an office in Galen Hall, 184 Joralemon 
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

William O. Goddard was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1913, and is now 
connected with the law office of J. S. & 
L. W. Ross, Temple Bar Building, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

John P. Henry has signed a two year 
contract to play with the Washington 
team of the American League. 

Twin daughters, Esther Catharine 
and Mildred Claire, were born on De- 
cember 29th, to Mr. and Mrs. Abraham 
Mitchell, of Riverside, 111. 

Bert King Taggart died at the Frank- 
lin County Hospital, Greenfield, Mass., 
on March 5th. He was born at Miller's 
Falls twenty-six years ago, the son of 
John Taggart, general manager of the 
Massachusetts Consolidated Railways. 
After leaving Amherst he taught a year 

in the Kent School, and since 1911 had 
been on the staff of the New York Sun, 
The engagement of Miss A. E. 
Schaipp of Brooklyn, N. Y., to John 
C. Wight has recently been announced. 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary, 
75A Willow Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lawrence W. Babbage is in the law 
office of R. D. Crocker, Newark, N. J. 

Carroll Reed Belden was married to 
Miss Fannie Arnetta Brown of Omaha 
on December 27th. His address is 
3332 Harvey Street, Omaha, Neb. 

William E. Boyer is representing the 
Lewis Mfg. Co. of Walpole, Mass., in 
Canada. Address, 8 McGill College 
Avenue, Montreal. 

Frank Cary, who has just returned, 
from two years' teaching in Osaka, 
Japan, is studying at Oberlin Theolog- 
ical Seminary. 

The engagement of A. Harry Ehr- 
good to Miss Katherine WTiitmeyer 
of Lebanon, Pa., has been announced. 

Robert H. George was married on 
January 29th to Miss Katharine H. 
Ames of West Newton, daughter of the 
late Charles H. Ames, '70, and sister of 
C. B. Ames, '16. 

Harold W. Haldeman received from 
Columbia University in June, 1913, the 
degree of Electrical Engineer. 

The engagement of Miss Ella Roe of 
Corning, N. Y., and G. Arthur Heer- 
mans has been announced. 

Paul F. Scantlebury is with the Craig 
Mountain Lumber Company of Win- 
chester, Idaho. 

Edward H. Marsh is with the Queens 
Borough Gas & Electric Co., Far Rock- 
away, N. Y. 

Robert E. Meyers has returned from 
Canada and has entered the wholesale 
paper business with his father. 



John L. McCague, Jr., was married 
on October 15th, to Miss Marie Duncan 
Hollister of Omaha. They are living 
at 5111 Webster Street, Omaha, Neb. 

William McKenna graduated among 
the first five in his class from Long 
Island Medical college. He was vale- 
dictorian of his class and passed first 
in the examinations for entrance to the 
hospital, where he is in charge of a ward. 

Donald Parsons-Smith's address is 
2459 Collingwood Avenue, Toledo, Ohio. 

E. Marion Roberts is head of the de- 
partment of physical education of the 
Brockton High School, Brockton, Mass. 

Ralph P. Smith's address is Post 
Office Box 623, Lancaster, N. Y. 

Harold Gray Storke of Auburn, N. Y., 
now a senior at M.I.T., has announced 
his engagement to Miss Edith A. Miinch 
of Arlington. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Louis E. Wakelee and Miss Lillie 
Edith Coggins of Roland Park, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Waldo Shumway and Doimell B. 
Young have been chosen among the 
graduate students as members of Sigma 
Xi, the honorary scientific fraternity at 
Columbia University. 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary, 
639 West 49th Street, New York City. 

George Randall is living in Boston, 
and is in the editorial department of 
Footwear Fashion. 


GeofiFrey Atkinson is doing graduate 
work in the Romance languages in 
Columbia University. 

T. J. Barus is with the W. T. Grant 
Co. in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

H. V. Caldwell is instructor in English 
in Ohio Wesleyan University. 

John E. Farwell has returned to 
Geneva, N. Y., to take up work in law 
and banking with his father. 

Paul F. Good was in January selected 
as a Rhodes Scholar for Nebraska in 
Oxford University. Good is now study- 
ing law in the University of Nebraska. 
He is the first Amherst man to be ap- 
pointed to a Rhodes scholarship. 

W. G. Hamilton is with the McCor- 
mick Lumber Co., at San Diego, Cal. 

E. C. Knudson is with the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Co. in New 
York City. 

E. L. Morse is reporting on the New 
York Press. 

Charles E. Parsons is teaching and 
preaching at the Mission for Deep Sea 
Fishermen, St. Anthony, Newfoundland. 

Hamiton Patton is taking work in 
the Massachusetts Agricult ira! College. 

C. M. Price is on the staff of the 
Brooklyn Dal^' Times. 

I. E. Richards has tranferred to the 
Wisconsin State Journal, Madison, Wis. 

G. L. Stone is teaching at Aguadilla, 
Porto Rico. 

H. C. Wilder is studying electricity 
and accounting in New York city. 

On Saturday, March 14th, the class 
held a dinner at Louis's in Boston. The 
meeting was held primarily to discuss 
the 1914 reunion. Those present were 
Baily, Bond, Connelly, Jenkins, Noble, 
Olds, Stilwell, Stimetz, N. Stone and 
Storrs. President Bixby of the class 
was unable to be present. 



Frontispiece: The Webster Memorial Statue. Facing 233 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes 233 

In the Graduate Consciousness. — On Speaking Over 
People's Heads. — The Retort Apodictical. 
The Problem of "Distribution" in College Educa- 
tion. Harold C. Goddard, '00 243 

Hackensack Meadows. Poem. Harry Greenwood Grover, 

'06 252 

The World ON Trial. Walter A. Dyer, '00 254 

Poem. Acrostic. Commemorative of the 350th Anniver- 
sary of the Death of Shakspeare. Edwin N. An- 
drews, '61 257 

Goin' to the Shinty? Daniel V. Thompson, '89 ... 258 
Postscript. Henry W. Boynton, '91 265 

Cfje ^mfterst Sllugtriousf 

Portrait of Henry Clay Hall. Facing 266 

Henry Clay Hall. Edward S. Parsons, '83 .... 266 

Portrait of Robert Lansing. Facing 268 

Robert Lansing. From The Outlook 268 

Holland, To the River Plate and Back. F. B. Loomis, 
'96. — Tyler, The Place of the Church in Evolution. 
Editor. — Farwell, Village Improvement. Editor 

The Alumni Council. Frederick S. Allis, '93 ... . 272 

®f)e THnbcrgratiuateji 
The Lecture Courses. — Games and Athletics up to Date . 276 

(i^fftctal anb ^ersional 

The Trustees 281 

The Faculty 283 

The Classes 284 


Richard Billings, who presents to the College the Webster Memorial statue 
pictured in the frontispiece, is a graduate of Amherst of the class of 1897, 
and is now resident in New York. The statue is a memorial to Noah Webster, 
the lexicographer, who was president of Amherst's first board of trustees. 

Harold C. Goddard, who writes the article on "The Problem of 'Distribution' in 
College Education," is Professor of English in Swarthmore College, Swarth- 
more. Pa. 

Harry Greenwood Grover, who writes the poem, "Hackensack Meadows," is 
a teacher in Clifton, New Jersey. 

Walter A. Dyer, who writes the article, "The World on Trial," has discontinued 
his work as editor of Country Life in America, and is now engaged in 
magazine writing. He is a member of the editorial board of the Quar- 

Rev. Edwin Norton Andrews, who contributes the acrostic poem on the name 
of Shakespeare, is a minister until lately resident in Chicago but now retired 
and living with a daughter in Columbia, South Carolina. 

Daniel V. Thompson, who writes the article, "Goin' to the Shinty?" is Head- 
master in the Boys' School, Lawrenceville, New Jersey. 

Henry W. Boynton, whose account of the "Shinty" is quoted from a magazine 
which he edited in his college, is a writer whose work, especially in literary 
criticism and appreciation, is well known, resident in Bristol, Rhode Island. 

Henby Clay Hall, Esq., whose portrait is given in connection with the article 
on him, has recently been appointed Interstate Commerce Commissioner by 
President Wilson. 

Edward S. Parsons, who writes the account of Mr. Hall, is Professor of English 
Literature in Colorado College, Colorado Springs. 

Robert Lansing, whose portrait is given opposite page 268, has been appoint- 
ed by President Wilson as counsel for the Department of State, succeeding 
John Bassett Moore. 

Frederick B. Loomis, who reviews Professor Holland's book, "To the River Plate 
and Back," is Professor of Comparative Anatomy in Amherst College. 

Frederick S. Allis, who writes the account of "The Alumni Council," is Secretary 
of that body, living in Amherst. He is a graduate of Amherst in the class of 

Clarence E. Sherman, who compiles the Index, is Assistant Librarian of 
Amherst College, a graduate of Trinity College, Class of 1911. 


The syniljolical .statiio, Ijv the sciilj)tor William Dr\ den Packloeh, presented to Amherst 
College hy Richard Billings, of the class of 1897, as a memorial to Xoah Webster, President 
of the first Board of Trustees. From a photograph taken in the sculptor's studio, while the 
work was still incomplete, — the right hand being unfinished, and the inscription yet to be 
added: "I know in whom I have believed," — Mr. Webster's favorite watchwortl. The figure 
is of bronze; the scat of red westerlv granite. 



VOL. Ill— JUNE, 1914— NO. 4 


WITH the arrival of another Commencement season, when 
eighty -five more of our younger brothers are slipping 
the tether of classroom and curriculum and becoming 
college men at large, the thoughts and hopes — yes, and the sincere 
In the Craduate ^^^ctions — of us who remain follow them into 
^ . the world and into the enlarging future, where 

Consciousness ., + ^ j .i i j *, • n- 

they are to nnd themselves and their calling. 

They are still college men, and more truly college men than they 
have ever been. That is to say, in finding themselves and their 
work they are finding in growing clarity their true relation to 
their instructors, their studies, and that large entity, the College 
which spiritually includes them all. They can never be lost to 
us, however far they may go or to whatever heights of distinction 
they may attain. Our solicitude is rather lest we become lost 
to them. It is a thought that causes serious and wistful moments. 
To pass coldly out of the regards of those for whom he has cared 
and planned, to remain there, if he remains, only as a person 
tolerated or apologized for, to feel that somehow through him 
the college has failed of its ideal in the graduate estimation, — 
are possibilities which no teacher is so thick-skinned as not to 
feel with silent pangs. On the other hand, to discover that to 
the students with whom he has worked the college means more 
for his part in it, to become aware that in some ardent young 
hearts he is a candidate for a living and uplifting memory, — is 
to him a reward with which money or intellectual distinction cannot 
compare. In a word, while at the Commencement season serious 
thoughts are busy in every mind, in the minds of administration 
and faculty they turn naturally to the question how we and the 


college of which we are representative are henceforth reflected 
in the consciousness of the new graduates. For if we have meant 
anything at all to the students, some memory of us, for good or 
ill, must go to the ends of the earth. 

A HINT of this is aflForded at final chapel and on class day, 
when in sportive mood the sprouting j'oung alumni take it upon 
themselves to give the oflScers and teachers bits of good-natured 
criticism, roasting their foibles and mannerisms and perhaps 
their besetting faults, shouting and singing it out for heaven and 
earth to hear, and then— sometimes — assuring their victims that 
they mean nothing by it. All this, you may say, is the mere 
froth and effervescence of college sentim^ent, which it is better 
for the boys to get out of their systems, and which dissipates 
itself by its mere escape into the air. Yes, it is that and— some- 
thing more, something which not infrequently the teacher will 
do well to heed and correct, or at least to lay up in his self-con- 
sciousness. It is one of his opportunities to get a glimpse of him- 
self as others see him; and perhaps he can do himself and his 
work a good service thereby. But of course these antics of the 
student crowd go but an insignificant way toward revealing that 
rooted and permanent consciousness which, as related to his 
personality, the graduate carries with him into the world. The 
students themselves would not have their jests rankle to a 

There is another and more serious aspect of the case, which 
depends on the student's honesty with himself. We are to suppose, 
unless we deem the student either a cad or a numskull (neither 
of which passes current at Amherst) that he has an ideal in 
his student life, and that he forms his respect for and loyalty to 
the college on the way it responds to his ideal. This is true 
whether he takes his ideal seriously or not; true whether the 
mark he draws is a prize or a blank. If, as I say, he is not a num- 
skull, he knows whether he is doing good work or not, and when 
his mark comes in, whether he deserves it or not. He may be 
like a sport, whose only care is to learn the rules of a game and 
manipulate them as he sees the game will bear; and so for a time 
he may hug himself because he managed to squeak through. 


But the still hour of reflection comes upon him eventually; and 
when it does I think he is seldom indignant because he got too 
low a mark. He is more apt to wonder why he got so much more 
than he deserved. If it was because his teacher was too easy- 
going, his sense of good fortune passes after a little into a mild 
contempt for the teacher's leniency; it is as if he had caught the 
teacher lying for his sake. If it is because the college standard 
is too low, his contempt is in part transferred to the college, and 
in his heart he blames it for keeping such a teacher. A teacher 
or a college — which latter is merely the composite teacher — does 
not gain the student's lasting gratitude by letting him through 
easily; his whole self -consciousness, with its sense of the lack 
they have let him incur, rises up in a sort of apology for his Alma 
Mater and a wish that his children, when they come in turn to 
take his place there, may be subjected to something severer. 

Such, I think, is apt to be the graduate consciousness engendered 
when the student has not taken his ideal seriously, and has laid 
out his cleverness not in real study but in driving as near the 
edge of failure as he can without falling over. There is, of course, 
some zest in this, but the cleverness is sadly wasted, and sadly 
regretted afterward. It is different when in his graduate life he 
has made further explorations in liberal studies, — when from a 
general student he has become a specialist. His contempt for 
the teacher who was generous with him is mitigated, when he 
comes to realize that on anything like absolute knowledge of the 
subject the teacher had to mark him more than he deserved if 
he graded him at all. He knows how exceedingly crude his 
initial ideas of his subject were, how little he got out of it for any 
real furnishing of his mind or sound mastery of the subject itself. 
Then his thought of his teacher's motive passes from contempt 
for his easiness to gratitude for his clemency. The teacher's 
gracious lies in grading the student for so much more than he is 
worth, may thus come to seem a kind of sacrifice; he has imperilled 
his own reputation for the sake of keeping the loafing student 
within the purlieus and atmosphere of liberal learning. On any 
absolute view of the subject the student would be nowhere; the 
teacher is well aware of that. He has to make up his estimate 
not absolutely, but pour servir. 

236 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

There is a sense, therefore, in which the poor student — I do 
not mean the slow student but the insincere one — has a potential 
tyranny over his teacher. If the student were diligent and indus- 
trious the teacher could conduct him through the higher reaches 
and regions of his subject. If the student would meet the teacher 
half way and enter into the spirit of his study he could know some- 
thing of its real meanings. He could not do so otherwise. But 
because it is only a listless task, he compels the teacher to keep 
him on the lower levels; the teacher must turn him out a lower 
grade of graduate, and the college must suffer correspondingly 
in repute. It is so far forth at the mercy of the insincere student. 
He comes to remember this some time, and perhaps then the 
teacher gets something of his due. But I do not claim it for him. 
He is slow to claim it for himself. Perfect teachers are as rare 
as perfect students; and perhaps for every one the graduate 
consciousness must make allowance, whether it justifies its own 
course or not. And many a graduate never knows how much 
allowance the teacher has made for him. 

AN EMINENT professor in a neighbor college, on being re- 
monstrated with once for lecturing over the heads of his 
audience, replied naively that he had merely directed his 
instruction to the place where their heads ought to be. The 

/^ o 1 • ^ remark strikes one not so much by its wit — though 

On Speaking . . . , , , •. , • • i ^ -. 

p , , it IS witty too — as by its obvious rightness; it 

TT J has the sane wisdom of putting the case of schol- 

arly instruction just where it belongs. One de- 
tects indeed a gentle suggestion that it is time for the worm to turn; 
for it meets a hoary old criticism that for many years scholars have 
justly or unjustly borne; but it is made in the serene mood of one 
who knows what he is about, and will not let an outsider's stricture 
warp him from his wisely chosen method and aim. We cannot say 
this, of course, of all who are alleged to speak above people's heads. 
Some there are who are so buried in their subject — or perhaps 
their self-esteem — that they have no sense of their audience's 
calibre left, and who never calculate where their hearer's heads, 
or even their own head, ought to be. But it is not from such' 
that one gets a discriminating answer like the one I have quoted. 
There is a world-wide difference between the pedant and the 


scholar, — between the man whose voice up there on the heights 
comes through a veil of fog and the man whom we see on a sunlit 
eminence whither it is a joy and a stimulus to climb. One may 
be as far over head as the other; but the voices have very different 
carrying power. 

Where then ought the heads of his students to be.'^ Where 
has he perfect warrant for locating them, so that he may place 
his teaching there, without having to trim or dilute for backward 
minds.'' I think the answer is not uncertain. They ought to 
be just where they can take and appreciate his point of view. 
That is the main thing. Most of our college teaching, so far as 
the professor is concerned, is devoted to getting and imparting 
points of view; the view itself, the real learning, is the student's 
affair. There is for each of the departments a vocabulary, a 
technique, a mode of approach and procedure, an atmosphere, 
which the student must familiarize himself with, in order to 
move at home among the positive ideas that he finds there. 
All this is not the substance itself of his learning or achieve- 
ment; it is but the preliminary, the means by which his head is 
lifted to the place where it ought to be. Failing this, he is 
bound to find the subject above his head. He can explore none 
of its secrets, get none of its large outlooks, feel none of its 
subtle interrelations. It is a hearsay subject to him, to be taken 
on trust and memorized instead of mastered, until his head has 
reached the height where he can begin to see and think and 
construct for himself. And until he has reached that point 
he has little if any reason to blame his instructor for speak- 
ing over his head. The instructor, if he has a conscience, that 
is to say if he is faithful to the subject that he has in charge, 
must present it as it is; and for the rest, he must depend on 
the cooperation of the student. Learning is not a thing im- 
parted, as if you could take it out of one man's head and 
thrust it into another; it is a thing shared. The problem of 
the teacher, in this day of the enterprise of learning, is not so 
much to simplify instruction, or so to manipulate it that the 
student can get it on the run, as it is to induce that reaction which 
we may call rising to the occasion, that rapport and mutuality 
which comes so natural to men engaged in a common cause. 

238 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Without this, he is doomed to speak over their heads; with it he 
can advance with all enthusiasm to the heart of his subject, for 
he can count on their heads being where they ought to be. 

I MAY seem to be championing the teacher's cause at the expense 
of the student. But I do not mean it so. Of all men in the world, 
the student is the one about whom we can best afford to be 
optimistic ; he it is over whose head it pays to speak, because in 
open-minded interest he is bound for the place where his head 
ought to be. He is not like the man we heard about the other 
day who, feeling that his culture needed a little building up, 
went to hear a lecture on literature, but his foundation for 
such erudite thought was so slight that he had to confess he 
could not tell the distinction between Omar Khayyam and 
Hunyadi Janos. There is a decided distinction, but it was too 
subtle for him; anything of a cultural nature, we may be sure, 
would be over his head. The late Bishop Doane used to tell a 
story of an old time-governor of New York, who, when the Bishop 
found him once in his office, in a brown study, looked up and 
accosted him with, "I say, Bishop, does it ever make you sick 
at your stomach to think .f*" It is not hard to get over the head 
of a man who thinks with his stomach; it is harder not to do so. 
Then there is another class of people who are too self-centred and 
opinionated to accommodate themselves to other people's ideas; 
like Tennyson's Northern Farmer with his rector, tolerant enough 
but utterly impermeable: 

"I 'eard um a bummin awaay loike a buzzard-clock ower my 'ead. 
An' I niver knaw'd whot a mean'd but 1 thowt a 'ad summut to saay. 
An' I thowt a said whot a owt to 'a said an' I coom'd awaay." 

When the college teacher compares his audience with such as 
these he is abundantly reassured. He can count on an audience 
intelligent, flexible, open-minded; its faults and shortcomings 
are of another kind. 

There is real warrant — I am still maintaining the teacher's 
point of view — for deliberately choosing to speak over the student's 
head, if the teacher has in him the magnetism of his subject and 
can give it a truly uplifting power. It is in that direction that 


sound education lies. Herbert Spencer's famous rule for 
economizing the hearer's attention, in speech or writing, was to 
give him less to do, to reduce the difficulties of expression to a 
minimum, so that he could take in the idea without conscious 
effort. But things easily obtained are cheaply held, and it is not 
in student nature to put forth more energy than is necessary to 
get the thing, great or small. The truer way is to stimulate the 
hearer to do more, to call on his powers to wrestle with an idea 
worth all his aspirations and pains. The best way to that result, 
after all, is by the overhead method; which means maintaining 
the highest that the student can bear — and a little higher, always 
a little higher. You honor your student by addressing yourself 
to the place where his head ought to be. You are taking the most 
permanent if not the most immediate way to secure and increase 
his interest. You give him a motive for effort and — if he is sincere 
— a healthy shame for his ignorance. If he isn't sincere — well, 
he might as well have a big truth fired at him as a small amuse- 
ment, a solid challenge to thought, as a watered idea that leaves 
him where he was before. 

One thinks of the alternative. Not to take the risk of speaking 
over people's heads is merely to yield to the general deliques- 
cence of sharp and penetrative learning which is already too 
prevalent in all schools and colleges of our land, and which, I think, 
is one grave element in the general indictment of our educational 
system. It is making your learning an entertainment instead of an 
enterprise. I often think of the experience of the prophet Ezekiel, 
who, as long as he had tough and trying truths to bring his people, 
had to content himself with the thought, "And they, whether they 
will hear, or whether they will forbear (for they are a rebellious 
house) yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them." 
Not a very exhilarating working-consciousness; yet one is not 
sure the case is much more satisfactory when the instruction is 
made more entertaining. He, at least, did not find it so. "And 
lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a 
pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument; for they 
hear thy words, but they do them not." The field of dolce far 
niente entertainment is already over-furnished; we need not em- 
phasize that. If one wants entertainment, there are the talking 

240 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

machine and the moving-picture show, whereby only a little 
pleasant exercise of ear and eye is necessary to make one think 
he is getting culture. But if the student wants the real article, 
the thing that comes robust and tingling, not only with informa- 
tion but with energy, let him commit himself resolutely to what 
is now over his head, for his real education lies that way. 

WE had been introduced to him only ten minutes before. 
We were on the toast list at the same college dinner — 
his, not ours — and were doingourbest to seem debonair, 
with the pendulum each moment swinging nearer the bottom of 

T'l- T> ^ ^ the list. He said: 

The Retort ,,,, , « , , • , 

. ,. . . ^ 1 m sorry that Amherst has sanctioned summer 

baseball. It will embarrass us in dealing with 
the problem." 

"Do you know," we had to reply, "We are of those — the unre- 
generate — who feel that in the logic of events summer ball is sure 
to come — like equal suffrage. We can't see why it shouldn't." 

"Ah," he retorted apodictically (we are not sure quite what 
that means, but the sound of it conveys just the manner of his 
retort). "Ah," said he, "that's because you are considering the 
Student instead of the Sport." 

In the circumstances all we could say was, "That seems to be 
a fair statement of the case." 

We had to say something. We couldn't give way to our first 
weak impulse, and observe that all undergraduates were divided 
into Students and Sports, and in the role of guest we shrank from 
coming out belligerently with "Quite so! How else should they 
be considered.''" 

So we put the subject by for further meditation. 

A HUNDRED years ago no reckoning was made of the play element 
in student life. That is, no official reckoning was made. Or if it 
was actually made, it was in the form of prohibitions and penalties. 
In consequence the students neglected their health, and, if they 
remained healthy in spite of neglect, they worked off their carnal 
spirits ("expressed themselves" as the Pestalozzian would put 
it) by excessive drinking, fighting the townsmen, "going upon 
the top of the college," smashing things and otherwise playfully 


disporting themselves. Those were picturesque days, full of 
gossipy interest. They began to wane, when about fifty years ago 
the boys started to play a little more generally, and with a little 
more system. When after a while the games became intercol- 
legiate, play was elevated to Sport, something to be considered 
apart from the Student. Of these games baseball was among the 
earliest and is even now the only one that has become completely 
popular — nay more, vulgar — of, or pertaining to, the crowd. 

Of course when the crowd took up the Sport, it was subjected 
to degrading influences. "Inside" baseball, for example, and 
desire to win at any cost, and over-emphasis on the gate receipts, 
and adulation of popular athletes, vicious attributes of which 
football, still chastely academic, is quite innocent. The Student 
is a gentleman, the professional ball player is a thug. History 
establishes this broad thesis beyond peradventure. Recall the 
fine dignity with which in the good old days the gown used to 
repel the assaults of the town, or even, in advancing the gospel 
of sweetness and light, used to carry the fray into the enemies' 
territory. (The traditions of a game are matters of priceless 
import. Witness the courtly amenities of modern basketball 
which has come to man by way of the women's colleges.) 

But worst of all, baseball has been made sordid as well as vulgar. 
Hence the self supporting students, of whom there are doubtless 
far too many nowadays for the safety of genteel culture, are 
tempted to turn an ignoble penny of a summer's day by "holding 
down a bag" or "tending a garden." These men when they 
return to college are soiled with the dust of the world — filthy 
mercenaries. They might help their collegiate integrity as indif- 
ferent bookkeepers or clumsy salesmen, but if they ball well they 
lose their own souls and endanger the Sport. What to do with 
such lepers is clear. They may be readmitted to college, allowed 
to associate with their fellow students — if there are any who do 
not utterly despise them — encouraged to practice with the nine, 
or even coach it, but for the sake of the Sport they must be rigor- 
ously repressed during the twenty or thirty hours of intercollegiate 
competition. It is at these periods that all their acquired depravity 
breaks into virulent eruption and imperils the Sport. 

242 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

It is not natural to think clearly and logically. It is an almost 
universal habit to jump at false assumptions and then to make 
them starting points for futile argument. The idea that Sport 
was made for the Student, is, of course, as indefensible as the 
ancient fallacy that the Sabbath was made for Man. So, in the 
light of reason, if we were back at that dinner and it were again 
indicated (apodictically) that in considering a college problem 
we allowed a feeling for the Student to enter into our calculations, 
we should reply, sadder and wiser, "You speak truly, but now 
that you call it to our attention, we see our error. " 

P. H. B. 




HOW frequently, when two contrasting incidents come close 
together, each takes on a meaning which either, alone, 
would have been powerless to reveal. 

I recently had such a pair of experiences; and for a moment, in 
the illumination that they kindled, they seemed, together, to 
epitomize a central educational problem of our time, and to point 
out the path along which its solution must be sought. 

Six months or more ago, I chanced to attend a session of a night 
school in one of our large cities. The students, ranging in age 
from seventeen to thirty-five, were mostly men who, choosing or 
compelled to leave school early, were attempting in this way to 
make good part of their loss. There was an atmosphere of se- 
riousness, of earnest intensity, pervading the room that was unmis- 
takable. I was struck, particularly, by the pale eager face of a stu- 
dent in the front row. He was, I should say, twenty-five years 
old, and he had the air of a man to whom every moment is precious. 
There was something almost pathetic in the nervous attentiveness 
with which he hung on every word of the teacher; and when, as 
he frequently did, he cast a quick glance over his shoulder at the 
clock, there was an unfamiliar quality in that familiar gesture, 
which showed that he, at least, wished to hold back the hand. 
Nor was the interesting aspect of this young man merely his evi- 
dent desire to learn. When his turn came to recite, the clearness 
and concentration of his mind appeared; and when, a little later, 
he took a modest part in a discussion which the young woman who 
was conducting the class skillfully precipitated, I saw at once that 
his mind had a distinctly philosophical cast, exhibiting that most 
promising union of intellectual qualities: a capacity for accurate 
observation and for swift but cautious generalization. I was 
sufficiently attracted by the young man to pass a word with him 
when the class was dismissed, and, afterward, to ask the teacher 


who he was. She told the familiar story, which nearly everyone 
can parallel, of the boy compelled to leave school to help support 
the family, of deprivation, and struggles, and sacrifice, but, through 
it all, of ambition and an unquenchable determination to know. 

As I walked toward the station for my train, the theatres were 
disgorging their crowds, and passing one where a popular musical 
comedy was being performed, I recognized, as they turned into 
the street a few steps ahead of me, four college boys from the insti- 
tution where I teach. A block or two farther on they descended 
into a restaurant. They were, obviously, "coming out" on a 
later train. 

The next day, by some chance or fate, my classes seemed In- 
fected with an epidemic of unpreparedness and inattention. In 
one of them I gave, as I frequently do without previous notice, 
a ten-minute written test. After the class a young man (one of the 
four who attended the musical comedy) stopped at my desk and 
explained that, owing to a severe headache the night before, he 
had been unable to prepare the last half of the assignment. (His 
paper, which exhibited a feeble attempt to "bluff" on the first 
of the three questions I had given, showed conclusively that he 
had not glanced at any of it.) He asked for the opportunity of 
making up the deficiency. Both his excuse and his request were 
quite unusual, for he was in the habit of flunking with perfect 
equanimity. It was near the end of the semester, and he had 
doubtless begun to realize his precarious position. I listened to 
him in solemnity, remarked, in denying his request, that his final 
grade would not be perceptibly lowered by his failure in this one 
test, and, a bit inconsiderately perhaps, refrained from asking him 
whether his head felt better. 

Now could anything be plainer than that the opportunity that 
this college student was so thoroughly abusing belonged by right 
to the eager youth whom I had seen in the night school.^ He fitted 
it as conclusively as the last piece of a puzzle fits its place. The 
college boy, to be sure, did not belong in the night school (though 
some of the privations and difficulties of the other man would have 
done him good) . He was the son of a rich merchant, a thoroughly 
likable fellow personally, and by no means a fool. But his mind 
was anything but philosophic in its cast. The college of liberal 


arts to which he had come, all aspects of his college life taken into 
account, was doing him more harm than good. It was but partly 
his own fault, it was scarcely at all his teachers', that the intellec- 
tual life of the institution had not gripped him. He ought never 
to have been sent there. He belonged, if not in business, in some 
technical or industrial school. 

The case of these two men, mutatis mutandis, is, I believe, per- 
fectly typical of countless others throughout the country. Not 
only are there thousands of young men and women outside our 
higher institutions of learning who ought to be in them; but there 
are also thousands in them who ought to be, if not out of them en- 
tirely, at least in other institutions than their own. Doubtless 
until our society undergoes radical social and economic changes, 
nothing like a final solution of these problems can be attained. 
But in the meantime, even though the steps which we can take are 
short ones, to perceive how things ought to be will enable us to 
make those short steps steps in the right direction. 

The matter of economic readjustment has been mentioned; and 
a parallel, or at least a bit of nomenclature, from the economic 
world may perhaps best make clear what seems to be the situation 
in the sphere of education. 

It has come to be a commonplace among economists that society 
has solved the problem of "production" far more effectively than 
it has solved the problem of "distribution." While families in 
the congested parts of a great city are scarcely able, because of 
prohibitive prices, to buy potatoes, acres of potatoes are rotting in 
the country within a hundred miles (or bushels of them, possibly, 
in freight cars within a hundred yards) . There is a freeze in Cali- 
fornia, and the price of oranges is driven fictitiously up until they 
pass into the class of luxuries, whereupon, the demand falling off, 
the Florida grower is compelled to leave his fruit to spoil unpicked. 
One huge section of the country longing for oranges; another sec- 
tion longing for someone to take its oranges off its hands! One 
needs to be no student of these matters, one needs only to open his 
eyes, to see on every hand — some with a product which they cannot 
use and of which they cannot get rid; others longing for the same 
product, willing to make reasonable payment, but unable to ob- 
tain it. Apples decaying under the trees in the country, or deteri- 
orating in thousands of barrels in cold storage; a little city girl 

246 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

gazing at a row of the same fruit marked "five cents each." Here 
we have almost a symbol of our accomplishment in "distribution." 

Now what we need to realize is that there is a situation strik- 
ingly parallel to all this in the educational world. Here, too, we 
have solved the problem of production far better than we have 
solved the problem of distribution — "production" in this case 
meaning the creation of that power which education is able to 
impart, and "distribution" the bringing of the many varieties of 
this power to just those who can most profitably use them. 

There stand our institutions of higher learning! It isn't that 
we need more of them. It isn't so much that we need them better 
equipped. It isn't primarily that we need better teachers, or even 
that the ones we have should be better paid. It is rather that we 
need the right students for them — out of the thousands of possible 
students, the ones who belong precisely here, or there, and nowhere 
else. And as the inevitable differentiation in function of our edu- 
cational institutions proceeds, the need for this delicately appro- 
priate distribution will grow greater and the attainment of it more 

I was reading the other day (somewhat tardily) the bulletin of 
the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching on 
"Academic and Industrial Efficiency." The report is an admir- 
able one, full, and suggestive in a high degree, and only a small- 
minded person would criticize it for omitting matters not within 
its province to discuss. And yet, as I read of schemes for the 
maximum utilization of classrooms, of the economic organization 
of janitorial service, of stenographic and other time-saving devices 
for teachers, of the proper distribution of duties among the super- 
intendent, the registrar, the treasurer, and the dean, I could not 
help feeling (wise as it is to adjust such matters in accordance with 
the most modern business methods) what drops in the bucket all 
these little efficiencies are in the face of the Great Inefficiency: 
the prodding and the dragging, the supplicating and the forcing, 
the penalizing and the putting on probation, of unenthusiastic, 
indifferent, misplaced students. 

Let any teacher reckon up his time, count the endless hours given 
to purely external tasks, which, with the right "distribution" of 
students, either would be unnecessary or would regulate themselves : 
the multifarious methods for the prevention of idling and lagging — 


reports and abstracts of outside reading, oral tests in the class room 
of preparation, written tests and examinations for the same end, 
with all the time and energy required for making them ready, giv- 
ing, and correcting them ; the elaborate paraphernalia of attendance 
— roll calls, excuses for absences, cut systems with their incessant 
records and reports, the continual irritation and complications of 
tardiness; marking — nine tenths of its burdens and unpleasant- 
nesses; make-up examinations, appointments forgotten, assign- 
ments misunderstood, library privileges abused; in short, all the 
blunders that indifference can commit, all the interruptions and 
demands to which delinquency leads, all the red tape which dis- 
cipline renders necessary; these, and a hundred other things, and 
more than any or all of them combined, the immense expenditure 
of personal energy which alone is capable of ensuring that unity 
of attention in the classroom without which the ablest teaching 
is rendered of little account, an expenditure that might be reduced 
two-thirds, if, at the outset, the undivided interest of the class 
could be assumed. To all this waste should be added in many cases 
the long vacation, which teachers of the more nervous type often 
devote to getting back into condition to stand the strain again, 
hours which, under other circumstances, could be more happily and 
profitably employed — to say nothing of the untraceable waste of 
those who give out entirely. 

Nor are these problems, as those unacquainted with the facts 
might be tempted to suppose, problems merely of local condition 
or individual temperament.^ On the contrary they are found 
wherever there are colleges, and they exist for teachers of the most 
varied types and of all degrees of success and unsuccess. 

'If any authority be deemed necessary to support such a statement, there is surely none 
better than that of James Bryce. Speaking of "the things which the most judicious friends of 
the Universities (including many of their presidents) hold to be now most needed," he says: 

"It is felt that there ought to be a stronger pulse of intellectual life among the undergrad- 
uates in the 'College' or Academic department. They are not generally idle or listless, but 
rather, like most young Americans, alert and active in temperament. Their conduct is usually 
good ; in no country are vices less common among students. But those who are keenly interested 
either in their particular studies or in the 'things of the mind' in general are comparatively few 
in number. Athletic competitions and social pleasures claim the larger part of their thoughts, 
and the University does not seem to be giving them that taste for intellectual enjoyment which 
ought to be acquired early if it is to be acquired at all." The American Commonwealth, Vol. 
II, Chap, cix, page 761— New Edition, 1910. 

Let me seize the opportunity of this footnote to add that I would not have anyone infer that 
I consider the students the only ones responsible for the conditions now prevailing in the Ameri- 
can college. On the contrary, I consider the teachers (among others) far more responsible 
than the students. But that, as Kipling says, is another story. 

248 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

There are teachers, to be sure, who go their way in serenity, giv- 
ing trifling attention to the Httle formalities and disciplines, the 
countless little props and penalties of the classroom, such as those 
we have just been enumerating. They generally enjoy good health. 
But with few exceptions they are not the effective teachers. And 
these few, with still rarer exceptions, are not among those who 
openly pride themselves on being "above " these things. Teachers 
of this latter type little realize how quickly, if the majority of their 
colleagues adopted the same attitude, the intellectual life of their 
institution would collapse. 

Fortunately, however, there is another side to it. Every college 
teacher, with greater or less frequency, has the experience (which 
in a somewhat altered and less inspiring form comes oftener to the 
university instructor) of having a class, usually a fairly small and 
advanced one, every member of which is not only interested and 
attentive, but enthusiastic, bent on doing more work than is as- 
signed, on following the subject into its recesses and ramifications. 
Then he catches a glimpse of w^hat a college as a whole might be! — 
for then he can put his whole energy into teaching, instead of put- 
ting nine tenths of it into the preliminary and accessory processes 
of rendering teaching possible. And what undreamed of sources of 
energy such an experience uncovers! Why! when one thinks of 
the increased power of a whole faculty under such conditions, he 
feels constrained, in his unbalanced enthusiasm, to fancy, even 
in the face of the great god Efficiency, that our educational system 
would not go wholly on the rocks if a class-room or two did once 
a week bask for an hour untenanted in the afternoon sunshine, or if 
a janitor did loaf occasionally on the chapel steps puffing his pipe. 

When the day comes when the right boy is sent to the right 
college, not only will the task of the teacher be transformed but a 
whole group of present educational controversies will, in large 
measure, disappear. When we have solved the problem of "dis- 
tribution," we shall hear little more of the conflict between liberal 
and practical, cultural and vocational, classical and industrial, 
education. All types of education which have sufficient vitality 
to gain and maintain a hold on the educational world are good — 
for the right boys and girls. It is absurd to stuff a high school girl 
with Euclid and Csesar and French and German grammar, and 
send her out to the shop, or to be married, ignorant of the most 


elementary truths of social, industrial, and domestic life. But it 
is equally absurd, on the plea that he must learn something to 
enable him to earn a living, to bring up on manual training and 
book-keeping a boy who in twenty years may be in a position of 
influential political leadership, thereby depriving him of the oppor- 
tunity of learning at first hand the lessons, so important for our 
day, of the Greek and Roman and Mediaeval experiments in civili- 

// we could only sort them out aright! To be sure, even though 
an infallible selection were possible, not until there are social and 
economic readjustments should we be able actually to educate in 
accordance with their capacities all of those thus selected. But 
a beginning can be made, and the more accurately we can point 
out the particular type of education for which a given boy is fitted, 
the greater the likelihood that the means for providing him with 
that education will be forthcoming. The waste of our present 
system, at any rate, in this matter of selection, is tragic. What 
we need is a still further differentiation in function among our 
colleges, and then, in the secondary schools, a curriculum espe- 
cially devised to try out the capacities of the student, together 
with principals and teachers, or possibly even supplementary 
ofiicials created with this very end in view, who know the colleges 
thoroughly and know the boys and girls as individuals. Surely a 
higher institution would be willing to forgo many units of mere 
information on the part of its freshmen, if it could be sure that 
those freshmen were in all cases selected because of their peculiar 
fitness for what that institution had to offer. Mistakes, of course, 
even under the most favorable conditions, would be made. The 
talents and ambitions of many a young man are slow in appearing. 
But it would not always be too late to rectify an error; for colleges 
will perhaps some time be honest enough to send away even good 
students who, it discovers, can make better use of their capacities 
elsewhere. How often does a college faculty or president do that 
at present.'^ Perhaps a different policy in that regard would be a 
commendable first step toward the desired goal. At any rate, 
alumni should realize that it is not their duty to urge every good 
fellow, or even every good student, to matriculate at the institu- 
tion where they themselves were graduated. They should have 
understanding enough of their Alma Mater, as well as loyalty to 

250 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

her, to discriminate. Even their own sons sometimes should go 
elsewhere. To find a good man and a good institution is not 
enough. The man must fit the institution. 

Nor does this mean, as to a superficial view it might seem to 
mean, the reduction of a student body to a level of monotonous 
uniformity. We are not asking that the men who attend each 
institution should be of a single type. That would be intolerable. 
(In spite of his earnestness and ability, I should not want a whole 
class made up of men like the one who caught my interest in that 
night school.) Uniformity always means death. Diversity alone 
ensures that clash which makes up intellectual as well as every other 
kind of life. All that is meant is that, when an institution of learn- 
ing has become conscious of an aim and policy, conscious of its par- 
ticular purpose amid the multitudinous complexities of our edu- 
cational world, there should be a measurable degree of conformity 
between the character of the institution and the character of the 
students which it welcomes. Their aim in life should be in harmony 
with its aim, and they should offer some promise of being able to 
realize that aim. Within these limits, the widest diversity is 
possible and desirable: men of all temperaments, of all degrees of 
wealth and poverty, of all kinds of social station and background, 
of sufficient variety of blood and creed and tradition to make them 
representative of our manifold American life. 

Is it not true that there is a peculiar sense in which some of these 
observations apply to Amherst? 

It is the distinction of Amherst, if I understand at all the new 
career on which she has entered, that she is one of the very first 
small colleges of the land to become conscious of a special mission. 
While it is difficult, if not impossible, to put that mission into 
words, her graduates, most of them, feel with a tolerable degree 
of clearness what it is, and have some sense of the sort of youth 
that must be selected for her if she is to fulfil it. If it were possible 
to see into the future and to forecast the careers of the young men 
who are on the point of entering college, which are the ones, under 
her new policy and consecration, whom we should choose for Am- 
herst? It would not be enough, if I conceive this matter rightly, 
to know that a young man was destined, in the current meaning 


of the phrase, to "make good." It would not fit a man to enter 
Amherst, merely to foreknow that he was to build a great railroad 
or direct a great bank, to be the governor of his state or the leader 
of its bar, to become an eloquent preacher, to write a popular novel, 
or to edit a metropolitan newspaper. These honors and accom- 
plishments, it is true, might accompany or result from that which 
should distinguish an Amherst man. But the test itself would lie 

That test lies in part in the character of our age. Unless all 
signs fail, the world is on the threshold of great changes. It ap- 
pears to be approaching an epoch comparable only with such epochs 
in the past as the fall of the Roman Empire of the West or the com- 
ing of the Renaissance. Under such circumstances there is need, 
in a peculiar sense, of intellectual leadership. Every age, of course, 
needs leaders, men to step into the places of the leaders of the 
passing generation, to direct the already ordered processes of 
society. But an age like our own needs more than this. It needs, 
in an especial sense, creative leadership, men to formulate and make 
effective ideas and purposes for a relatively new society. If I have 
conceived the new Amherst correctly, it is men with the promise 
of this power that she desires to search out. And this is why, 
along with enthusiasm for the new scientific knowledge, she be- 
lieves in retaining a like enthusiasm for that classical and historical 
training, that acquaintance with the civilizations of the past, 
without which no really enduring future civilization can be achieved. 
Helpers in the creation of a new world (literally ! not in any vague 
or sentimental sense), nothing less than that is what Amherst 
hopes to turn out. It makes little difference whether her grad- 
uates become doctors or lawyers, merchants or bankers, ministers 
or teachers, journalists or scientific investigators, if only they go 
out in the fullness of knowledge to help shape a more nearly 
perfect society. 

252 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



AT close of day, whether of gainful strife 
Or fruitless toil that brings but pain and hate, 
From out the city's maddening surge, we're borne 
Toward home-filled towns and acred country seats. 
Between these lies, but all too soon passed o'er, 
A stretch of idle land; and through it flows — 
If flow it doth — the lazy Hackensack. 
Broad-streamed, low-banked it lies, or moves, between 
Unvaried fields of sober brown. Untouched 
Of any hand are these save hers who spread 
Them there for rest of eye and soul of man; 
Requital fit for his more constant toil 
Since Nature thrust him forth to earn his bread ! 
Not e'en the midday sky can make quite blue 
The gray -brown quiet stream; for brown and gray 
Are restful sights and "Rest for Man" was what 
She called the work which here our Mother wrought. 
The fishers' huts that edge the stream, man-built, 
Appear not to intrude. They do not tower. 
Nor vaunt themselves ! There is no war of hate 
Or greed a-waging neath their peaceful roofs. 
For these are homes of simple fishermen; 
Mayhap such homes as He lodged in who taught 
The fisher -folk who toiled on Galilee! 
In rusty black-brown suits the crows flap by. 
And fearlessly on ponderous wings some bird 
Gray-clad — perhaps a gull such as old Walt 
Saw hovering o'er the neighboring bay — now sails, 
Now wheels and dips for food into the gray 
Below. Save these and some slow ship that works 
Its tedious way up stream or ever floats. 
In all the stretch of restful land, in all 
The endless sky o'erhead, naught else doth move. 


Here Spring will come with cloth of green to hide 

The waste by Winter wrought. Flowers anon 

Shall softly bloom and laugh as children laugh 

Among the grass in some deep summer field. 

Her hidden nest a humble bird shall here 

Brood o'er and see at length the nestlings fly. 

Wooings, matings, and other broods shall come: 

In this brown grass, 'neath those brown breasts the arc 

Of life is sprung full-wide, while we seek far 

To know its span. The blackbird flashing in 

His flight shall fill the midmost summer day 

With song. Till, when the gray days come, once more 

In myriad clouds they'll seek the land of sun 

And leave the dry brown marsh to rains and cold. 

And save for glistening frosts and patched snow 

It lieth so till Spring brings back its life. 

All through the change of wheeling bird, of grass 

Now sere, now green, of flowers and ghosts of flowers, 

Of hushed air and amorous-throated song. 

The meadows stand, for some, unchanged. They bring 

In every shifting phase, to him who looks 

And him who bends his ear that gift of peace 

Which comes to those who stand in old dim-aisled 

Cathedrals high and, bowing, wait to hear 

The prayer that marks the end of even-song. 

254 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 



I SUPPOSE no one will gainsay me if I make a somewhat com- 
monplace and trite statement to the effect that there seems 
to be something the matter with our churches and colleges 
and schools and other human institutions. This is merely admit- 
ting that they are finite, mundane affairs. That they are sus- 
ceptible of improvement I presume will also be conceded. That 
they must be improved, or fall under the contempt of men, is my 
contention. Of what men, — well, that is another story: for this 
is frankly a one-sided paper, speaking for the ordinary man. 

We are to-day demanding of our institutions that they show 
cause for existence. Whether this is becau5^e we are all becoming 
intellectual, or because we have become shrewd and skeptical, I 
cannot pretend to say. I only know that we have become pragma- 
tists — or Missourians — and are demanding a justification for every- 
thing. Life has become too crowded for superfluities. 

Now these institutions are dependent for their effectiveness on 
the effectiveness of the human beings who compose them and guide 
their destinies. There is no essence of eternal life in the institu- 
tion itself; there is no extraordinary virtue in mere tradition or 
momentum. The majestic and once revered institutions of Egypt, 
Babylon, Athens, Rome, have crumbled like structures of sand. 
If the vestal virgins sleep, the sacred flame dies out. 

Consequently, the so-called learned professions — the personnel 
of our institutions — are now on trial, on trial for their lives. 

The medical jirofession is on trial. The day of the medicine- 
man and the wizard is past. We have even ceased to stand in awe 
of Latin prescriptions and demand to know the composition and 
probable effects of the dose we take. If Christian Science or 
osteopathy prove more reasonable or efficacious than allopathy, 
we will adopt them. We have discovered the physician to be a 
fallible being, with no mystic secrets of healing, and we demand 
that he make good or get out. The whole profession is on trial. 


The law and the bench are on trial. If the law does not suit 
us we will make a new one. Blackstone and legal Latin fail to 
frighten us. What we demand is equity and common sense. If a 
judge fails to show wisdom or justice, let him step down from his 
bench in all his solemn robes. We have made bold to talk of the 
recall of judges. 

The church is on trial and the ministers thereof. The day of 
priestcraft and its superstitions has passed. If the church fails 
to furnish us with the spiritual food that we need, we will not go 
to church. We can no longer be frightened or scolded into it. 
The ministers are on trial for the life of the church. They are 
in direct competition with the golf links and the moving picture 
shows, and nothing will save them from that competition. The 
sooner they realize it, the better for the churches. 

The American college, too, is on trial, and the faculty thereof. 
I recently heard a young professor state that he didn't propose 
to lower his dignity by trying to interest the students. He would 
conduct his course, and they could take it or leave it; if they didn't 
come to college to study they might better stay away. In any event 
it wasn't up to him. 

It is up to him, however, and he cannot dodge the issue. There 
is nothing divine about the curriculum; there is no law compel- 
ling a student to study. The professors, I submit, are not engaged 
merely to conduct courses and display their knowledge; they are 
engaged to educate, and it is as important to educate a baseball 
player as a grind. 

Yes, the professor is on trial. He has got to demonstrate his 
usefulness or retire. If he cannot hold the attention of his stu- 
dents he is a failure. It is useless for him to fall back on the claim 
that it is the students' duty to study. His course is in competition 
with athletics, the junior prom., the fraternities. If they are more 
effective than his course in securing attention, then something 
is the matter with his course. When a college shows signs of run- 
ning to athletics or to society, you may count upon it that some- 
thing is wrong with the courses and the faculty. Anti-fraternity 
legislation will never save a college from the consequences of its 
own weaknesses. 

For the American undergraduate is an open-minded creature. 
He is not wedded to the tennis court or the bridge table if you can 

'^56 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

show him something equally interesting in your books or lectures. 
He is young and red-blooded, and his studies will never absorb 
him until the enterprise of learning is made as vividly interesting 
to him as the enterprise of the gridiron. 

John Spencer said: "When a farm boy carried wood for the 
kitchen stove, wood was a bore ; carrying ball-bats for a game down 
on the flats was a privilege eagerly sought. Stove- wood and ball- 
bats may come from the same tree. The man is an alchemist who 
is able to place the same halo about stove-wood duties that he 
finds in ball-bat pleasures." 

Nevertheless, it seems to be up to the faculty to do just that; 
and — to uphold our contention — some few of them are doing it. 




[On the three hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the Poet's Death.] 

WHO of the Albion race can fail to-day, 
In honor of this name, the laurel spray. 
Love's token, on the poet's brow to place? 
Let other nations too his memory grace, 
In meditative wonder at his skill 
And world-wide knowledge of the human will ! 
Methinks all knowledge lodged within his brain. 
Society, Art, Passions, Laws in train. 
His master mind discussed; myself he shows. 
Anon his fiery retribution glows; 
Kind to the weak, he honors woman much, 
Sets forth all evil as with magic touch, 
Paints human virtue in most beauteous dress. 
Envelops vice in horrid hideousness. 
And with dramatic skill and rare urbanity, 
Restores the mind diseased to mood of sanity. 
Enfolds the world with sweet humanity. 

258 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 


"Great was surmise in college, keen the conjecture and joke." — Clough. 

THE appearance of a mountain changes not with distance 
only, but with the lapse of time. Memory recalls not so 
much the particular as the general. So, familiar as we 
were with Mount Warner in '89, it now requires some effort to re- 
call details; while as to the trend and meaning of our life upon it, 
we see more clearly year by year. 


We were marooned, the two of us, over the Thanksgiving holi- 
day, within the "glorious amphitheatre of hills." Chance brought 
us on a tramp from North Hadley down the eastern slope of 
Mount Warner. We descended the wild and bosky crest till we 
came upon a smooth spot half way down, still green in November, 
level, sightly, alluring. The fertile valley, the hills making obei- 
sance to it, the air golden with the lowering sun, united to give 
an unwonted peace and beauty to the hour. We loved at sight 
that stretch of level turf. Why shouldn't we use our holiday to 
build a cabin there? 

On our right ran a "worm" fence. Over it we went, past a 
tobacco barn in the midst of a tobacco field, past barnyard and 
farm buildings, to the back porch of a neat cottage, where amid 
vines, in an ample rocking armchair, sat a motherly looking old 
lady. We begged a drink of water and began to excuse our 
trespass. But Mrs. D., having as little English as we had French, 
called her husband and two sons, ten and twenty, to assure us we 
had done no harm, but were welcome to enjoy their hillside pasture 
to our hearts' content. Could we even put up a little hut there.'* 
Nothing easier or more natural. So possession was secured, and 
then our patent was sealed in slender beakers of home-grown wine. 

Page had a sober horse and nearly sober wagon, which in another 
twenty-four hours had landed on our estate materials for putting 

goin' to the shinty 259 

up a shanty. It was to be ten by fifteen, with one big window, a 
capacious fireplace, and a lean-to woodshed. The thing went 
up by magic. Thanksgiving eve we finished the chimney, in 
twilight so cold that the mortar would freeze before the brick could 
reach it. But below in the fireplace were pine logs laid ready for 
the match, and as the last brick shivered into place, forth burst 
the blaze. What a house-warming was there; what cocoa boiling 
in the crane; what an ample bunk we rolled into, and what blankets; 
what hearts bursting with the sense of possession! Should we 
never stop talking and laughing and go to sleep? 

Sleep we did, and woke late to find a blizzard raging and our 
blankets reblanketed with snow. With such conditions our 
summer-seeming shanty was hardly built to cope. So when col- 
lege opened we gave over our suburban retreat for the winter. 
But even while we luxuriated in the effete town, we indulged the 
joys of recollection and anticipation, receiving with but small 
heed the jeers and queries of our friends, and deeming ourselves 
happy in winning some champions and sympathisers, not only 
among the fellows but here and there among the faculty. The 
Hut was an object of friendly interest to men, for example, of such 
diverse points of view as Professor Neill and Professor Garman. 
And as for Professor Genung (whom we called " Uncle Johnny, " 
though we really felt him as a contemporary) the Hut became as 
if his own. Had we read Clough's Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich.? 
No? Then we must read it. He should call the hut the Bothie. 

When springtime came, a few of our class were desperate enough 
to take an occasional chance on our hospitality; but in '91 we 
found a kindred spirit, with ideals of leisure and contemplation 
harmonious with our own. Harry Boynton would join us with 
an unobtrusive gladness as we set out toward sunset, see with 
joyous eyes the beauties of that long walk in the gathering dusk, 
and share our glowing fire, primitive supper, and all-renewing 
sleep. With gifts before which we should have been silent, he 
listened eloquently to our nightly chat, and our tireless repetition 
of lines we had learned by heart from Wordsworth, and Burns, 
and Shelley. He had a wholesome scorn for our more frivolous 
moments, and when our spirits rose to the point of mere nonsense, 
Harry's objection was brief but sufficient — "Don't drivel!" 

At a certain shadowy stretch of the road, as if moved by the 

260 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

romance of the place, the Skipper would burstlorth suddenly 
into some song, usually the Two Grenadiers. 

" Then armed to the teeth will I ride to my grave 
The arms of my Emp'ror defending!" 

Having made the initial error of pitching the tune somewhat 
too high, he would approach boldly to the very last note he could 
reach in that splendid climax, and then, with a slump which never 
failed to make me roar with laughter, would continue the phrase 
an octave lower. It would bring down an Opera House. The 
technique is difficult; I've tried, and can by no means attain the 
Skipper's astonishing virtuosity, his aplomb. 

We had petitioned the faculty informally for excuse from morning 
chapel on the ground that v/e were essentially not residents. The 
matter, as concerning hygiene, was referred to "Old Doc "of blessed 
memory. His reply, as recorded, is like him. "Gentlemen, if 
you refer this petition to me, I shall deny it. There is nothing 
better for the health than a brisk walk in the morning before 
chapel." It is recorded also, but in the Apocrypha, that he added, 
"Depend upon it, gentlemen, those young men don't go out to 
that shanty for any good purpose." 

The deepest pleasure associated with our enterprise lay in the 
friendship, lasting long as life, which grew up between us and the 
D's. I've never known a better neighbor than that French tobacco - 
farmer, nor boys more capable and friendly than Louis and his 
brother. To the end of our days we shall keep the memory of the 
motherly figure of Mrs. D., and her hospitable heart, and her 
high-pitched welcoming voice as we passed her porch at dusk, 
"Goin' to the Shinty .f*" 


It was something like that, but oh, so full of warmth and goodness, 
so vibrant and sincere. 

coin' to the shinty 261 


In the atmosphere of freedom we were tacitly allowed to breathe 
in that liberal college of Seelye's day, we boys developed a crude 
and fractional but pretty honest philosophy of life. 

There was a charm for us in any idea or enterprise which smacked 
of the unusual. When Stanley came to College Hall and re- 
counted his explorations in Africa, we were not only fascinated, 
we were stimulated. It became commonplace to pursue a course 
of life which afforded good houses to live in and smooth side- 
walks to plant the foot on, which harnessed horses, and muzzled 
dogs. We had another attack of imagination after our chat with 
Lew Wallace, at Frank's, at the close of his lecture. Likewise 
from our reading rose impulses to experiment in the sphere of 
thought and language. We ardently believed that one must trust 
his intuition quite implicitly or go blind ; that it was nothing neces- 
sarily against a half truth that it was incomplete ; that the daily life 
of the world was a lively pageant, highly symbolic, and interesting 
and comprehensible in proportion to one's power of self-detach- 
ment. The basic motive of our walk and conversation was a 
modern interpretation of the old Greek, "Know thyself!" We 
sought with a zeal worthy of a nobler end, to learn ourselves 
through making the rest of mankind our looking-glass. Some 
frank critics charged us with affecting eccentricity. But we were 
perhaps as normal in our views of them as they in theirs of us. 
We cast aside the conventional too rashly; they, not readily enough. 
No doubt our conception of the duties and joys of college life was 
too unsystematic to be altogether sane, but we certainly were 
not posing. We aimed eagerly at finding, for ourselves, the real, 
the intimate, the spontaneous, in nature and in man. "A violet 
by a mossy stone" seemed to our eyes to offer more of truth and 
beauty than an orchid under glass. This passion for real ex- 
perience and original observation led us into queer situations, and 
supplied us with unusual opinions, some of which were sounder 
than others. 

One may believe profoundly in the value of restraint and the 
mastery of tasks, and yet recognize a possible virtue in different 
conditions too. When the routine of the day or the week is over, 
the heart of a boy should exult, the body stretch, the reign of 

262 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

impulse succeed to the tyranny of tasks. Judgment should yield 
to intuition, considerate control relax into personal taste and the 
enjoyment of friends, friends so much one's self that courtesy and 
caution become both automatic and superfluous. 

There was a voluminous poet in our class whose best line, as we 
esteemed it, will vividly suggest what I mean by way of relief 
from the exactions of "duty" and "society," — • 

"Like a young colt that's broke liis halter!" 

The young colt is as true to his nature when he has broken his 
halter, as when he is held securely by that conventional restraint. 
Who knows but he is then attaining even a higher development of 
his powers, and thus making a more profound preparation for the 
service of man.^* For the immediate convenience of his owner, the 
halter did afford a useful check upon the colt's will; but now, he 
runs and capers, he exercises superbly his natural gaits, he culti- 
vates his social instincts, he is finding himself. By and by the 
farmer will catch him again, and enthrall him in a stout new halter, 
and then, in a docility suggested by self-interest, young Pegasus 
will do his day's work in harness, and eat his oats from a crib. But 
he will the better earn his keep because once on a time he had a 
spirit to subdue, and powers demanding a trainer's care; and be- 
cause this spirit and these powers gained some taste of freedom 
and initiation in the open pasture, in those splendid moments of 
his youth when he had proved too much for his halter. 

When people can have their own way, they will often do wrong; 
but it is a deeper and more illuminating truth that, unless they are 
given a chance for responsible self-expression they can never 
do right — never anything that can justly be counted toward their 
souls' own record of achievement. We used our freedom to pursue, 
in our own unguided way, the truth of life, as contrasted with the 
facts of life. We wished not to confuse the science of life with 
the art of living. What we yearned for, and made ourselves 
sensitive to was the pulsating inner being of this "unfathomable 

We believed that in true friendship there was understanding so 
complete that conversation was unnecessary. Silences were cur- 
rent coin in our realm, golden symbols of contentment and of 

goin' to the shinty 263 

homage. We would walk a mile with no word beyond, say, a 
quatrain from a sonnet of Shakspere's, — 

"Full many a glorious morning have I seen 

Flatter the mountain-tops with sovereign eye. 
Kissing with golden face the meadows green. 
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy." 

After some vigorous phrase from Sam Johnson or whimsical one 
from Elia, it seemed as if the air were gleaming with images or 
trembling with laughter. We had no need to chatter, and spoil 
the sights and sounds. We were particularly under the spell of 
that story of Carlyle's visit to Tennyson in which for the whole 
evening neither spoke a word till the guest bade his host an appre- 
ciative good night. Walking or sitting by the fire we put this 
form of companionship to the test; and of course it was a thrilling 
discovery to find that we too could enjoy talk without words. 

Somewhere or other Matthew Arnold calls poetry a criticism 
of life. Granted, then he who is to understand and enjoy literature 
must find life in it, in ballad, drama, novel. It was largely this 
instinctive seach for the inner or real in literature that drew 
together our small group of devotees. But I take it, the same 
impulse is what has drawn together this past year or two in the 
college of today the larger group of boys and men who constitute 
the Mitre, a fine and rational embodiment of the social-literary 
feeling. Sympathetic literary companionship classifies and in- 
tensifies the individual literary sense. It stimulates the imagina- 
tion, it multiplies appreciation, it enhances the pleasure of rolling 
a fine phrase under the tongue; the savour of a great passage rises 
on the voice of the reader like the smoke of sacrifices into every 
soul; in that fellowship evolve ideas and purposes unexpected and 
precious. Life and literature mean more to each other. It may 
seem trivial, but I confess with pleasure to a thrill at this very 
moment from the recollection of certain sublime or gracious 
passages with which the air would sound about us as we walked 
along. There is no rhythm in all poetry, I believe, finer to tramp 
to on a country road than the splendid and passionate energy of 
Shelley's Alastor. Xr^ :^ ;• ,-; 

When it became known about the college that two of the boys 
had put up a shanty on the slope of Mount Warner, and walked 

264 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

out there of an evening or a Sunday afternoon to enjoy its seclu- 
sion, those who themselves loved fresh air and liberty smiled on 
us and understood ; while those whose taste preferred the modes 
of living which custom and the age ordained, smiled in the Homeric 
way, and didn't take the trouble to understand. We met all 
varieties of good-natured comment, from lofty scorn to warm 
sympathy. One would ridicule the rubber boots we found con- 
venient on the country road; another would patronize our rural 
tastes and pity our isolation; now and then a simple friend would 
reason with us and seek to lead us back to paths of regularity. 
But oh, the many, first and last, to whose free spirits our enter- 
prise appeared both sane and happy, who had eyes to see, and 
hearts to share, and sometimes even time and inclination to join 
us on a common ground, and thus enhance our experience and our 
memories of it, with their comradeship in freedom ! 

So the fellowship was enjoyed, the "halter broke," "books found 
in running brooks and good in every thing." 




[The following article, by the third member of the "Shinty" group, was published 
in the Amherst Literary Monthly in March, 1891.] 

NOT many years ago, on a little hillside that stands lonely 
in the midst of the valley, there arose a palace. Out- 
wardly it was no magnificent aflFair, being of bare boards, 
and one story. There were two architects and two builders, and, 
when it was done, two occupants. That was at first. After- 
ward they took to themselves a third, who called himself blessed 
of the blessed. Out on the lonely hill these three spent many 
perfect hours. After the heat and flurry and tread-mill tasks 
among the learned Philistines was done, out they would go, by 
quiet evening roads, and under the leaning stars to — Heaven. 
For as they strolled, suddenly the heat and humdrum seemed 
very far removed, and there existed only these three, quietly 
entering into the bosom of the great Pan. There was no babbling 
of tongues; only now and then a thought leaping from brain to 
brain with a single word or gesture. The long lanes receded, 
margined here and there by a black-browed pine or shadowy elm, 
and the little bridges held out their arms. And so they would 
come to the palace, and entering, leave their lower selves upon the 
threshold. The morrow was to come, but it had no care for them. 
The moon came out, and a solitary bird sang hard by, and they 
went to rest. And the Philistines called them fools for their pains. 
And then in due course the two that were at first made an end 
of learning, and went away. And the third was left alone, and 
went betimes to the palace, thinking to find himself again, and 
be comforted. And the way was long, and at the end no palace, 
but only a wretched hut, comfortless and desolate. For the 
princes were gone, and he found himself to be naught but a beggar. 
And he cursed and came away, and went there no more, but 
mingled with the world. And the Philistines called him a fool 
for his pains. 

266 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

tKfje amfjersit SUusftrious; 



EARLY in the present year men of all political creeds in the 
Rocky Mountain region united in expressing to President 
Wilson the wish that he should appoint to the Interstate 
Commerce Commission Mr. Henry Clay Hall, of Colorado Springs, 
a graduate of Amherst in the class of 1881. To this united senti- 
ment the President responded favorably, thus adding Mr. Hall 
to the already numerous group of the "Amherst Illustrious." 

This greatness of place and opportunity was not thrust upon 
Mr. Hall. It was an achievement, the worthy reward of conspic- 
uous ability, hard work, and willingness to serve wherever the 
opportunity offered. To this fact his record amply testifies. 
He was born in New York City in 1860. After his graduation 
from Amherst he studied law at Columbia, and received the 
degree of LL.B. in 1883. After two years of practise in New 
York City he became assistant to Mr. Edmond Kelly, counsel 
for the United States legation in Paris, and remained in that 
capacity until 1892, when, on account of health, he removed to 
Colorado Springs, where his brother, William M. Hall, was dean 
and professor of history and economics at Colorado College. 

In his new environment Mr. Hall came rapidly to the front. He 
became general counsel for Colorado College and one of its law 
lecturers, counsel for a number of other important corporations, 
president of the local bar association and then of the bar associa- 
tion of the state. In 1905 he was elected mayor of Colorado 
Springs, the nomination having been entirely unsought and having 
been made while he was out of the city. He gave the city a model 
administration which lifted its civic life to a new level. He 
succeeded in enforcing laws which had been almost a dead letter 
in other administrations, and showed what could be done in such 
an office by intelligence, honesty and well-directed energy. He 

^4 6 


Of the Cl.\ss of 1881 

Appointed by President Wilson to the Interstate Commerce Commission. 


had the honor of being cordially hated by those who had been 
accustomed before his time to use the city for their own ends; 
but even his enemies were compelled to acknowledge the vigor 
and effectiveness of his administration. Later he was prominent 
in the Chamber of Commerce, which has done so much for the 
development of the city along the best lines, and for several 
years he was chairman of its most important committee, that 
upon municipal affairs. He was also at the forefront of the 
movement to secure a commission form of government for Colorado 
Springs, and was one of the wisest and most influential members 
of the charter commission. Indeed, the framing of the charter 
was largely the work of two men, of whom he was one. During 
the last year he has served as city attorney, showing that, though 
he once held the chief position in the city, he was not above serving 
it in any capacity where he could be of use. 

His career has thus, during the thirty-three years since his 
graduation from Amherst, been a steady progress upward, until he 
has now reached a height where all may see and measure his worth. 

Mr. Hall has eminent fitness for the post to which he has been 
summoned. He is not afraid of hard work. He has great sanity, 
the ability to see the essential in any question, the capacity to 
weigh argument and come to clear decision. He has a high sense 
of honor, which will be unmoved by any considerations other 
than those of justice and the public good. During his term as 
mayor his refusal to make certain appointments and to desist 
from certain policies lost him some of his best paying clients, 
but there was no hesitation on his part. He can see through pre- 
tense and has a thorough contempt for it. He brings to his new 
work the keen interest of the student and of the man of affairs 
in the problems which it presents and also a wide knowledge of 
public conditions, not only in his own section, but in the nation 
at large. Moreover, he has a rare felicity of expression. His 
clarity of vision manifests itself in clarity of utterance, and with 
the pen or the voice he is able to say what he has to say so that it 
can be understood, and to say it with grace as well. 

The Rocky Mountain Region is proud of its first representative 
on the Interstate Commerce Commission, and Amherst may well 
rejoice in the widening of her influence from the service he is to 
render in this position of national responsibility. 

268 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 


[From The Outlook, April 4] 

THE first appointment [of two, to important positions in the 
Department of State] is surprisingly good. It will help 
much to fill the gap left by the resignation of John Bassett 
Moore. Mr. Lansing has had a very considerable training for 
his present post, and possesses the quality of mind necessary for the 
performance of its functions, in so far as his services are to be 
confined to the exposition of the legal aspects of the various prob- 
lems that arise. 

Mr. Lansing, a son-in-law of General John W. Foster, Secre- 
tary of State under President Harrison, made his first entrance 
into public affairs in 1892 by becoming Associate Counsel for 
our Government in the Bering Sea Fur Seal Arbitration. Some 
years later he became counsel for the United States Bering Sea 
Claims Commission. Later still he was Solicitor for the United 
States Alaskan Boundary Tribunal, and still later was Counsel 
for the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries in the arbitration at The 
Hague. Mr. Lansing has latterly been in Washington, appearing 
before the American British Claims Arbitration Tribunal as Agent 
and Counsel for the American Government — a post to which he 
was appointed by Mr. Knox, Secretary of State during the Taft 
Administration. Mr. Lansing is an associate editor of the "Ameri- 
can Journal of International Law," and is well known as an 
international lawyer of ripe experience and judgment. His ap- 
pointment is distinctly non-political and for merit only. 


Of the Class of 1886 
Appointed by President Wilson Counselor to the Department of State. 


Cfte poofe ZaUt 


To THE River Plate and Back. By W. J. Holland. G. P. Putnam's Sons, 
New York and London, 1913. 

This book is a narrative of the trip of Professor Holland to Buenos Aires and 
back for the purpose of settinig up and turning over to the Argentine Government 
Museum a replica of the giant dinosaur, Diplodocus, which is in the Carnegie 
Museum, the replica being presented by Mr. Carnegie. 

Doctor Holland has written an entertaining account of the voyage to Buenos 
Aires, with descriptions of the cities at which he stopped on the way, such as Bahia, 
Rio Janerio, Santos, etc., and a considerable description of life at Buenos Aires 
and La Plata, with a running comment all through on the animals, birds and 
butterflies which he saw. The picture is of especial interest as being from the point 
of view of a guest of the officials and leading scientific men of the country. 

Of particular interest are the incidental accounts of the preparation and presenta- 
tions of replicas of this great dinosaur to the national museums of England, France, 
Germany, Russia, and others, indicating how this spectacular specimen was sought 
by the various countries and presented by Mr. Carnegie and the Museum at 

The climax is reached when the skeleton of Diplodocus is finally in place, is pre- 
sented by Mr. Holland, accepted by Sr. Pena, President of the Republic of Argen- 
tine, and Mr. Holland is made a member of the Academy of Science of Argentine. 

After a short trip into the interior of Argentine, the return journey is described 
with pictures of the various West Indian Islands. The book makes very interest- 
ing reading, and is finely illustrated with half tones, drawings, and several colored 
reproductions of paintings of bits of the scenery made by the author. 

F. B. LooMis. 

The Place of the Church in Evolution. By John M. Tyler. Boston and New 
York: Houghton & MifHin Company. 1914. 

If a man may be known by the company he keeps, so likewise may a book. This 
book has its already well-manned company, in which it takes an honorable place, 
and whose wholesome spirit it perpetuates. It will, one may confidently predict, 
put the name of John Tyler among the names which, for their services to a sane 
apprehension both of evolutionary science and religion, have won a widely felt dis- 
tinction. The late John Fiske, one of this goodly company, whose unique expository 
powers were devoted largely to naturalizing among general readers the evolutionary 
philosophy, once revolutionary, of Huxley and Herbert Spencer, did his generation 
great service by his two little books, now in every minister's library: "The Destiny 
of Man Viewed in the Light of his Origin," and "The Idea of God as Affected 
by Modern Knowledge." Another of this goodly company was the late Henry 

270 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

Drummond, whose "Natural Law in the Spiritual World" disposed of the fatuous 
idea once prevalent that science and religious faith ever had grounds for conflict or 
needed reconciliation; and whose later "Ascent of Man" negatived the ignoble 
connotation of the idea left by Darwin that the course of animal evolution from the 
much exploited "hairy quadruped with a tail and pointed ears, probably arboreal 
in his habits" was (to quote Darwin's title) a "Descent of Man." As we older 
readers recall these very serviceable books, we realize how fast scientific thought 
moves, after all, and how soon the doubts that once disturbed earnest minds become 

It is with no idea of allaying doubts or reconciling conflicts, however, that Pro- 
fessor Tyler steps into the company of Fiske and Drummond. Nor is he standing 
on their shoulder to push on their thought from where they leave off. His con- 
clusions come rather from a deeply meditated view of the magnificent field of 
animal and spiritual evolution at first hand, and from specialized research. His 
book, we may say, is a new reversal. Instead of identifying natural law in the 
spiritual world, it traces, from the beginning, what we may call spiritual law in 
the natural world, as if all nature, from the bottom up, were alive with the same 
growing life. This quite changes our milieu; so that in following his thought we 
soon bid farewell to Coelenterates and molluscs in our progressive discovery of the 
stages of life succeeding. The chapters on "Stages of Animal Evolution" and 
"The Rise of Altruism," epitomized from the author's earlier book on "Man in 
the Light of Evolution," lay his foundation, and from this point the specific theme 
begins to prophesy itself. As soon as altruism is broached — a subject which 
Drummond carried as far as maternal instinct — the far goal begins to reveal its 
possibilities; for altruism carried to its highest powers can be satisfied only with the 
harmonious relations and functions of corporate life, that is, with something very 
like a church. Hence the idea, at first thought somewhat estranging, of the place 
of the church in evolution — estranging, unless we consent to a certain accommoda- 
tion of both terms that they may fit each other. 

But the accommodation of terms comes with all reasonableness and naturalness 
as soon as we stick to the inherent vital principles of both. This is what Professor 
Tyler does. It is the spirit of the theme, not its mere material embodiment, that 
concerns him. And here he has an impulsion, an urgency, in the great spiritual 
tide which is sweeping over the world. Since the decade beginning with 1883, 
when Fis^ke and Drummond were thinking of evolutionary life in terms of the 
individual, the thoughts of men have been taken up increasingly with the problems 
of corporate life, of society and men in the mass, and the new science of sociology 
is for the time eclipsing the claims of the individual. With this spiritual move- 
ment, the philosophj^ of evolution must keep pace, or, if you please, must lead the 
way into a clear view of its real inwardness. This is the task which Professor 
Tyler's book has set itself. Through the chapters on "The Meaning of Personal- 
ity," "Present Conditions," "Christianity," "The Church," and "Diversity of 
Gifts," it translates its survey, so to say, into terms of universal humanity, the 
language of the common man. 

A notable feature of the book is its freedom from the abstruse and technical 
terms both of science and religion. It is truly scientific, but in that self-juslifying 
science which Huxley calls "disciplined common sense." Ilis church, likewise, is 


not at all the stiff ecclesiastic affair which makes us think of cathedrals and cer- 
emonies; one finds no trace of churchly forms or terminology. His church is an 
institution rather of life and spirit than of organized forms. And yet it is not 
easy to substitute another name for what he has in mind, or to cut it loose from the 
established institution; for it has the church's spring and inspiration in Chrisl, is 
the working and living body of Christ, the diversely membered social and corporate 
organism of which he is the Head. This personally developed organism has its 
place, the supreme place, in evolution. The vast movement of vitalized nature, 
which began with the Coelenterates, disclosed through ages and millennia its 
marvelous potencies until not only man, with his powers adapted to cooperate 
with and determine his own evolution, but Christianity, with the inspiration of its 
personal source, and its diversities of gifts working together in one spirit, comes in 
to crown the work. It is a fascinating story of tlie current which runs through all 
animal and human life, told in a vigorous and familiar style, without parade of 
science or learning, yet with the genuine heart of both — a treatment of a momentous 
theme which every reader, general and special, may read with keen interest and 

J. F. G. 

ViLL.\GE Improvement. By Parris Thaxter Farwell. Illustrated. New York: 
Sturgis and Walton Company. 1913. 

This book is one of a series, "The Farmer's Practical Library," edited by Ernest 
Ingersoll. Of the series the editor, in his general introduction, says: "It proposes 
to tell its readers how they can make work easier, health more secure, and the home 
more enjoyable and tenacious of the whole family. No evil in American rural life 
is so great as the tendency of the young people to leave the farm and the village. 
The only way to overcome this evil is to make rural hfe less hard and sordid; more 
comfortable and attractive. It is to the solving of that problem that these books 
are addressed. Their central idea is to show how country life may be made richer 
in interest, broader in its activities and its outlook, and sweeter to the taste." 

It would seem, from a glance at the titles in this series, that this book of Rev. 
Mr. Farwell's must subtend a very large arc in its range of subjects; it certainly is 
almost encyclopedic in the number of very practical yet truly esthetic and moral 
suggestions that it makes. The writer is described on the title page as "Chairman 
of the Village Improvement Committee of the Massachusetts Civic League." He 
is an advocate of village improvement, not merely as a matter of trees and parks 
and roads and attractive homes, but also of health and cleanliness and law and 
order and education and church and play. He is not concerned with untried 
theories. He exemplifies every point by what has actually been done in various 
places all over the land; and the numerous illustrations of streets, bridges, tree 
vistas, fields, gardens, crops, have the persuasiveness of a veritable mission work 
put in the most attractive terms. And one can say no better thing of the style and 
workmanship of the book than that these are eminently worthy of a very worthy 
subject. There is nothing dry or professional about it; it is like a neighbor sitting 
down by our side and telling us just how, just why, and just what are approved 
methods and results. 

J. F. G. 

272 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 


Frederick S. Allis 

THE first meeting of the Alumni Council at the Hotel Kimball, Springfield, 
Wednesday, May 20, brought together a notable group of Amherst men. 
Fifty-four representatives were present, from the class of 1848 to the 
class of 1911, and from the associations of Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Con- 
necticut, Providence, Worcester, Washington, D. C, Central and Western New 
York, Cleveland, Chicago and Colorado. 

Many of the members reached Springfield Tuesday evening, so that over forty 
members were present when Chairman William Orr, '83, called the meeting to order 
at ten o'clock Wednesday morning. After a brief introduction by the chairman 
and the secretary of the Organization Committee, William Orr, '83, and Frederick 
S. Allis, '93, giving an account of the work of the commmittee, Henry P. Kendall, 
'99, outlined the various lines of activity which the CouncU might take up. The 
topics of the morning were then discussed: "Publicity," by Collin Armstrong, 
'77, and Richard S. Brooks, '92; "Graduates' Quarterly," by Ernest M. WTiit- 
comb, '04; "Secondary Schools," by Alfred G. Rolfe, '82, William G. Thayer, 
'85, William Orr, '83, William B. Greenough, '88, Charles E. Kelsey, '84, George 

D. Pratt, '93, Grosvenor H. Backus, '94; "Summer Baseball," by John E. Old- 
ham, '88, Charles A. Sibley, '87, Henry P. Field, '80, William C. Atwater, '84, 
Frederick J. E. Woodbridge, '89. The secretary read communications on this 
latter subject from Dr. Paul C. Phillips, '88, and Prof. E. B. Delabarre, '86. 

The Student Council, in whom is vested the direction of Amherst Athletics, 
had asked the opinion of the Alumni Council as to what attitude Amherst should 
take towards summer baseball. To enable them to form an opinion, the members 
of the Alumni Council had before them printed copies of a report by a special 
committee consisting of Alfred E. Stearns, '94, Cornelius J. Sullivan, '92, John 

E. Oldham, '88, Charles A. Sibley, '87, and Frederick S. Allis, '93, secretary. It 
was voted that the report of this committee be received and the whole matter be 
referred to the Committee on Athletics to be brought up at the next meeting of 
the Council. It was also voted that the Graduates' Quarterly be made the 
oflBcial publication of the Alumni Council. Before adjournment for luncheon, 
Henry P. Field, '80, presented the report of the Nominating Committee. The 
following officers were elected: president, William F. Slocum, '74, of Colorado; 
vice-presidents, Charles E. Kelsey, '84, of Boston, Edwin Duffey, '90, of Cortland, 
N. Y., Dwight W. Morrow, '95, of New York; secretary, Frederick S. Allis, '93, 
of Amherst; treasurer, Ernest M. W^hitcomb, '04, of Amherst. Executive com- 
mittee. President Slocum, ex officio; George D. Pratt, '93, of New York; Grosvenor 
H. Backus, '94, of New York, chairman; Edward T. Esty, '97, of Worcester; Henry 
H. Titsworth, '97, of Chicago; Henry P. Kendall, '99 of Norwood; Robert W. 


Maynard, '02, of Boston. Members-at-Iarge of the Alumni Council to serve for 
three years, Richard S. Brooks, '92, of Springfield, Prof. Thomas C. Esty, '93, 
of Amherst and Noble S. Elderkin, '01, of Lawrence, Kan. Standing com- 
mittees, members of which are to be appointed by the executive committee, 
were created, covering the following subjects: athletics, publicity, publication, 
religious work, secondary schools, finance, alumni fund, revision of the constitu- 
tion of the society of the alumni. 

At two-thirty in the afternoon President Meiklejohn spoke informally to the 
members of the Council. The President emphasized the fact that, although 
Amherst no longer gives the degree of Bachelor of Science, its scientific courses 
are stronger than ever. He also explained the purpose of the administration to 
work out a more definite curriculum, believing that the liberal college must show 
the same definiteness of purpose, the same domination by a single aim as is shown 
by the technical or professional school. With much emphasis he declared that 
Amherst must secure and keep the best teachers obtainable, the quality of the 
teaching force being more important than the material equipment of the college. 
At the conclusion of his address, the following resolution was moved by George 
D. Pratt, '93: 

"Resolved, That the Alumni Council, being informed of the desire of the Trus- 
tees to increase the amount of money paid for instruction purposes, expresses hearty 
approval of this policy and, as an expression of approval, authorizes its Executive 
Committee to invite the Alumni Body to contribute to the Alumni Fund, which 
will be available for this and other purposes. It further pledges its best efforts 
to raise for this purpose seventy-five hundred dollars, or so much thereof as may 
be necessary, for the college year 1914-15, and a like amount, or so much thereof 
as may be necessary, for four additional years." 

Frank L. Babbott, '78, spoke in favor of the motion and it was unanimously 
passed. Grosvenor H. Backus, '94, then explained the object of the Alumni 
Fund, and Henry H. Titsworth, '97, spoke on the policy of including in one budget 
not only the expenses of the Council but of all other projects for which contribu- 
tions are asked from alumni, the Graduates' Quarterly, the lawn fete, the Chris- 
tian Association, etc. Communications were read from the associations of Chicago, 
St. Louis and Rochester, inviting the Council to hold the 1915 meeting with them. 
Mention was made of the centennial commencement in 1921 and the desirability 
of having every class hold a reunion at that time. It was voted that the Alumni 
Council record its very strong appreciation of the thought and skill with which 
Chairman Orr and his associates of the Organization Committee had worked out 
the plans for the Alumni Council. The thanks of the Council were extended to 
the chairman and members of the committee and to its secretary, Mr. Allis, for 
their generous and valuable work for the college. After adjournment, through 
the courtesy of alumni, automobiles were placed at the disposal of the members 
and trips were taken around Springfield until the dinner hour. 

The dinner in the evening was attended by 125 alumni. Dwight W. Morrow, 
'95, was toastmaster and the speakers were William F. Slocum, '74, President of 
Colorado College; Henry C. Hall, '81, of the Interstate Commerce Commission, 
and President Meiklejohn. W. F. Merrill, '99, led the singing and an octette 
from the College Glee Club also sang. President Slocum said, in substance: "The 

274 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

American college is the greatest factor in education, and the main purpose of the 
college is to create a leadership so calm and intelligent that it will grapple with and 
master the important problems confronting our country." Mr. Hall said that the 
main purpose of the college, as he saw it, was to fit boys for the utmost service of 
which they are capable. He paid a high tribute to President Wilson as a great 
public servant, and brought a personal message of greeting from him. 

President Meiklejohn, in the final speech of the evening, thanked the men who 
first started the Alumni Council project and fought for it, and he thanked the class 
of '93 for making the Council possible by their gift last commencement. He then 
spoke of two essential features in the life of the college, first the teaching and second 
the life of the student outside the classroom. More and more, he declared, was he 
impressed with the fact that there is no work in the social scheme equal to that of 
the college teacher. He pledged himself to do his utmost to make the teaching in 
Amherst college wise, sane and vital. 

With regard to the second feature he urged that the social life of the student 
must not be left to mere chance. While we must respect the independence of the 
students in the government of their own affairs, we must constantly seek to make 
conditions favorable for their development in moral, religious, social and physical 

He concluded by saying that his feeling was one of jubilation. He had counted 
on the support of the trustees and had found it far beyond his expectations. He 
had known that the alumni were devoted to the best interests of the college but 
had not dreamed that such big results could be achieved so soon. He had believed 
in the mission and future of Amherst, but every day the greatness of the opportunity 
was broadening before his eyes. He said he had been welcomed by the toast- 
master as a comrade, and as a comrade he gave hearty thanks to trustees and 
alumni for their generous and loyal support. 

As indicating the representative character of the Council, I append the follow- 
ing list of members present: 

Representatives from classes: W. Spooner Smith, '48, W'orcester; Alexander B. 
Crane, '54, Scarsdale, N. Y.; Calvin Stebbins, '62, Framingham, Mass.; Francis 
D. Lewis, '69, Philadelphia; John Bates Clark, '72, New York; John M. Tyler, '73, 
Amherst; William F. Slocum, '74, Colorado Springs; William Ives Washburn,'76, 
New York; Collin Armstrong, '77, New York; Frank L. Babbott, '78, New York; 
Henry P. Field, '80, Northampton; Frank H. Parsons, '81, New York; William Orr, 
'83, Boston; William C. Atwater, '84, New York; Samuel H. Williams, '85, Glaston- 
bury, Conn.; Charles A. Sibley, '87, Boston; John E. Oldham, '88, Boston; Frederick 
J. E. Woodbridge, '89, New York; Oliver B. Merrill, '91, New York; George D. 
Pratt, '93, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Grosvenor H. Backus, '94, New York; Dwight W. 
Morrow, '95, New York; Edward T. Esty, '97, Worcester; Ferdinand Q. Blanchard, 
'98, East Orange, N. J.; Henry P. Kendall, '99, Norwood, Mass.; Harold I. Pratt, 
'00, New York; Frederick K. Kretschmar, '01, Boston; Robert W. Maynard, '02, 
Boston; W^alter R. Washburn, '03, Boston; Ernest M. Wliitcomb, '04, Amherst; 
Frederick S. Bale, '06, New York; Harold C. Keith, '08, Campello, Mass.; A. 
Mitchell, Jr., '10, Chicago; Laurens H. Seelye, '11, New York. 

Representatives from Alumni Associations: Boston, Charles E. Kelsey, '84, 
William F. Merrill, '99; Brooklyn, Walter H. Gilpatric, '99, New York; Central 


Massachusetts, Charles F. Marble, '86, Worcester; Central New York, Edwin 
Duffey, '90, Cortland; Chicago, Henry H. Titsworth, '97, E. Preble Harris, '10, 
Chicago; Cleveland, George P. Steele, '88, Painesville, Ohio; Connecticut, Ernest 
W. Pelton, '01, New Britain; New York, William S. Tyler, '95, New York; Rhode 
Island, William B. Greenough, '88, Providence; Rocky Mountain, Henry C. Hall, 
'81, Colorado Springs; Washington, D.C., Gilbert H. Grosvenor, '97, Washington; 
AVestern New York, George Burns, '08, Rochester. 

Representatives-at-large from General Alumni Association: Alfred G. Rolfe, 
'82, Pottstown, Pa.; William G. Thayer, '85, Southboro, Mass. 

Members-at-large from Alumni Council: Richard S. Brooks, '92, Springfield; 
Thomas C. Esty, '93, Amherst; Jason N, Pierce, '02, Dorchester; Stanley King, 
'03, Boston. 

276 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

l^fje ?Hnbersrabuates{ 

The things which are of most importance, in the long run, in the undergraduate 
life of the College, are the things which are least susceptible of report: the steady 
routine of the class-room, the laboratory, and the library; things which prove the 
student's staying-power, and which only a keen interest in the subject can save 
from being irksome. That a goodly degree and range of interest of this latter 
sort, however, has been present throughout the year has been asserted by compe- 
tent observers; it has been specially proved, also, by the attendance and attention 
to the special courses of lectures which have been given. As we compare this year 
with some years of the past decade or so, the difference is very marked and very 


It was to some extent a disadvantage that in arranging for the convenience 
of the several outside lecturers who have visited us the College had to "bunch its 
hits" to one small part of the college year; one course beginning almost as soon 
as another left off, so that all three courses came between Wednesday, February 
11, and Friday, April 17, with the spring recess of two weeks occurring just before 
the third course. That all should have been so well attended and appreciated is, 
under such circumstances, a good sign. 

The Henry Ward Beecher Course. — This course, designed to furnish "sup- 
plementary lectures in the Departments of History and the Political and Social 
Sciences," was given this year by ex-President William H. Taft. No more felici- 
tous choice of lecturer could have been made; both for the wisdom, breadth, and 
tolerant good sense which characterized all his lectures, and for the charm of his 
personality. It was felt by all to be a rare privilege to be in such familiar associa- 
tion with one whose experience has been so rich and broad, and whose judgment 
of affairs of the state and of political issues is so sound. His 6rst lecture, given on 
Wednesday, February 11, was a preliminary one, rather more a public speech 
than an academic lecture, on "Signs of the Times." It was given to a large and 
general audience in College Hall. The second, given Wednesday, February 18, 
in the chapel, and merely to the college, was entitled "The People, the Constitu- 
tion, and the Courts,"— rather discursive, as the title would indicate, but directed 
mainly to a criticism of the recall of judges and judicial decisions. His legal and 
administrative experience contributed richly to the elucidation of his subject. 
The third, given Wednesday, March 4 (exactly one year after his retirement from 
the presidency) was again in College Hall, and given to a general public. Its 
subject was "The Executive "—its powers, limitations, needs of betterment. The 
fourth, given Wednesday, March 11, had for subject "The Monroe Doctrine." 
College Hall was crowded, many standing. The lecture, which was informing, 
discriminating, elucidative, left, along with the personality of the man, a most 
delightful and charming impression. 


The Clyde Fitch Course. — The income of the Clyde Fitch fund, which "is 
to be used for the furtherance of the study of English literature and dramatic art 
and literature," was this year devoted to "the remuneration of an eminent lecturer," 
Mr. William Butler Yeats, the Irish poet and manager, who has done so much for the 
drama of his own land, and ranks eminent among the most modern writers of verse. 
His first lecture was given on Friday, March 13, only two days after the close of 
Professor Taft's course. He spoke of the permanent and universal elements of 
poetry and the drama, holding a brief for the natural and unsophisticated. In the 
second lecture, given on Monday, March 16, he spoke of the modern trend in art, 
especially modern lyric poetry; and was largely reminiscential of the "generation" 
of emotional debauchees of "the naughty Nineties" ' whose work, to a virile 
judgment, seems a sort of denatured poetry. The third, given on Thursday, 
March 19, had for subject "The Theatre and Beauty," and spoke of 
certain modern effects in staging and scenery derived from the painter's 
sense of artistic values — a subject on which he, being a painter as well as 
a poet, could speak with discrimination and appreciation. All of Mr. 
Yeats's lectures were discursive, expressed in good style, contained many interesting 
though not very profound thoughts, and on the whole left with us the impression 
that only a small and somewhat provincial field of the poetic art had been presented . 

The William Brewster Clark Memorial Coixrse. — This lectureship, founded 
last year, and devoted to the general subject "The Modern Point of View," was filled 
this year by lectures on biology, by Professor George Howard Parker of Harvard 
University. His four lectures dealt with the following subjects: "The Nervous 
System," given Thursday, April 9; "Hormones," Friday, April 10; "Reproduction," 
Thursday, April 16; "Evolution," Friday, April 17. Of the course in general 
Professor Loomis writes: 

"The lectures were of great interest, especially the one on Hormones, and were 
attended by large numbers, the last lecture having the largest attendance. The 
average attendance of students was about 200, of students from Mt. Holyoke 
about 75, and of the faculty and public around, 75. Beside the lectures. Professor 
Parker talked to some of the classes." 


The following account of the situation in sport and athletics is given by an 
alumnus, whose interest is keen and discriminative. 

Baseball. — Up to the time of go ng to press, the results of the baseball season 
have been somewhat mixed. The team has shown streaks of fine playing, as in 
the Williams game, and also a most childish sort of ball tossing, as at the Harvard 
game. The southern trip in the early spring gave promise of a very successful 
season, but so far the team has not lived up to its early form. 

The first game of the season was with the Springfield Y. M. C. A. college and was 
won by the score of 4-3, a very erratic game — Amherst getting twelve hits and 
two errors, although the Amherst pitcher had to be changed — Robinson replacing 

Wesleyan was beaten by the score of 3-1 in a pitcher's battle between McGay of 
Amherst and Lanning of Wesleyan. McGay pitched an unusually good game. 

278 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

securing thirteen strike-outs and allowing only six scattered hits. The Amherst 
team played an errorless game and the whole team put up an excellent exhibition 
of ball. 

The Tufts game resulted in another victory for Amherst, 4-1, with Robinson 
pitching. He struck out ten men and gave only two hits. Although the team 
contributed five errors, these errors were not costly, and we secured six hits off 
the Tufts pitcher. The score might have been larger, except for Tufts pulling off 
two double plays. 

Amherst certainly played prep-school ball when Andover came to town. Owing 
to the Andover team having to catch the train, the game had to be called as of the 
fifth inning, which left the score 1-1, although in their half, Andover had knocked 
out two more runs — Andover really playing superior ball. The exhibition was 
ragged and most uninteresting. 

After these early successes and evidences of good ball playing, it was most dis- 
appointing to have the Harvard game result in the poorest exhibition of ball Am- 
herst has put up in years. Robinson, the star pitcher, was confined to the hospital 
by sickness and the team at Cambridge started with McGay in the box, who did 
well for four innings, but was replaced in the fourth by Goodridge, who did his best 
to hold down the Harvard hits. Amherst made eight errors and only secured 
three hits, against fifteen hits for Harvard. A home run was made on a bunt, 
owing to the ball being thrown around the diamond and dropped by everybody, 
apparently, who had a chance to put his hands to it. It was the poorest ball 
playing the team has put up this season. This is particularly to be regretted, 
owing to the presence of a large number of alumni and sub-freshmen at the game. 
This is the second time the Amherst team has gone all to pieces in this game with 
Harvard in the last ten years, with apparently no reason, unless it be "stage fright." 

The game with Brown, on May 16, at Providence, was won by Brown by the 
score of 6-4, being very poorly played, with critical errors on the part of the Amherst 
team, five being charged up, three by the third-baseman, although nine hits were 
made off the Brown pitcher. The three costly errors gave Brown the lead in the 
second, which won the game. Goodridge, the Amherst pitcher, played good ball, 
only allowing six scattered hits, and had the team backed him up, it would seem 
as though Amherst should have won. 

May 21, the annual Prom game with Williams was played on Pratt Field, and 
Amherst won a splendid victory by the score of 8-3. Robinson, who had been sick 
for three weeks, pitched for the first time and made a fine showing. Hodge, 
Williams's pitcher was driven from the box in the fifth inning, being poorly supported 
by his in-field in addition to allowing some costly hits. Amherst had only one 
error charged against it with eight hits off Hodge, whereas the Williams team 
made six errors and secured three hits. 

The following Saturday, Brown was played on the home grounds, but Amherst 
was defeated to the score of 2-1, owing to the poor support rendered Robinson by 
his own in-field. Amherst made seven errors, against Brown's three. Without 
these errors, Amherst would undoubtedly have won, although Crowell pitched a 
splendid game for Brown, striking out eight men. Robinson pulled himself out of 
two or three tight boxes by splendid pitching. 


The postponed game with M. A. C. was won by the State College by the score 
of 3-0. The Agricultural team put up a splendid article of ball and Davies, as 
pitcher, while doing fine work himself, received excellent support. For Amherst, 
Robinson pitched well, but was most wretchedly supported by his infield, — errors 
and poor throws costing all three scores. Furthermore, the team couldn't hit 
safely in pinches and was thus weak at both ends of the game. 

The return game with Williams at Williamstown on May 30th furnished 
sweet revenge to the Williams rooters, as they defeated Amherst 6-i. As in the 
two previous games, Amherst had a balloon ascension in one of the innings and 
fuddled the ball until the winning scores had crossed the plate. Otherwise the 
game was fairly well played. 

The team seems to be composed of rather erratic players, men who can play 
brilliantly one minute and the next minute make the most foolish plays imagin- 
able. The good work of the few steady men on the team is quite useless on 
days when this erratic playing develops. 

Track. — Amherst's ability in track athletics has certainly been hard hit in the 
last few years, and it will be disappointing for alumni of olden days to learn how 
low track athletics have fallen. 

The annual inter-class track meet was held on April 18, and was won by the 
juniors, 58 points, the sophomores being second with 34. No performances of unus- 
ual merit were recorded. 

The following Saturday a dual meet was held with M. A. C, Amherst winning 
by a score of 85-41, Amherst winning eight firsts. The weather was cold and no 
records were approached, although some of the events were closely contested, n 

The dual track meet between Brown University and Amherst resulted in a 
victory for Brown 65-60, the result being in doubt until the final event was run 
off. Amherst was strong in the sprints, while Brown's strength lay in the distance 
and weight events. For Brown, Captain Bartlett was the individual star, taking 
first in the hammer throw, discus and shot, and tied for first with Captain Iluth- 
steiner in the high jump. Cole was the star for Amherst, winning first in the 100, 
220, and 440. Nelligan, '17, took first place in the 120 yard hurdles. A strong 
wind was blowing and no records were broken. 

The dual meet between Williams and Amherst was very disappointing to the 
Amherst supporters, as Williams ran away with the meet, 90-1/3 to 34-2/3. Con- 
trary to expectations, Amherst failed to score in either the 100 or 220, although 
Cole won the 440. Williams had a well-balanced team, completely blanketing 
Amherst in many events. 

The result of the Williams meet did not give any encouragement to the success 
of Amherst in the inter-coUegiates held in Boston, which resulted in Amherst's 
winning only one-third of a point in the entire meet by tying for fourth place in 
the high jump. 

Amherst might possibly have done something in the Inter-collegiate 440, had 
Cole not been indisposed and unable to run. All told, the season was very dis- 
appointing. What Amherst needs in track athletics are athletes with ability. It 
seems as if the college were never poorer in athletic material than at the present 
time. While splendid support was given Coach Nelligan in the way the men 
turned out, there are few of any marked talent in athletic lines. Athletic meets 

280 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

have reached such a high point of development, that it really takes stars to win 
inter-collegiate events. 

The athletic association is to be commended for the very successful inter- 
scholastic track meet which was held at Amherst on the 16th. Teams from Poly 
Prep, Brooklyn, Worcester High School, Powder Point, Holyoke, Springfield, 
Hartford, Concord and many other preparatory schools contested, and the meet 
was won by Poly Prep of Brooklyn by the score of 25-14/15 points with Worcester 
Classical High School second with 23 points. The Brooklyn team was sent up 
through the loyalty of the Amherst Alumni Association, who had previously 
held a meet in Brooklyn, the winning team of which they sent to the Amherst 

Tennis. — The Amherst tennis team has Lad a successful season. In the opening 
game with Brown, Cady and Shumway displayed good playing ability and the 
team won both the singles and doubles. 

The match with Wesleyan was lost by the score 4-2, Wesleyan winning all the 
singles and Amherst winning both doubles. 

In the New England inter-collegiate tournament held at Longwood, the singles 
championship was won by Cady, who defeated the runner-up, his teammate. 
Shumway, in a very close and interesting match. Amherst was shut out of the 
doubles in the first round by the Trinity pair, who were the final winners of the 
doubles. As a result of this final, Amherst has 5\ points out of the necessary eight, 
which are needed to win the cup competed for by eleven New England colleges. 

The dual meet with Trinity was an even break, 3-3, Trinity winning both doubles 
and Amherst enough of the singles to tie the score, although Cady, the inter-col- 
legiate champion of the week before, was defeated by Bergman of Trinity in straight 
sets. Several matches are yet to be played. 



(Official antr pergonal 


Of what the Trustees did at their 
meeting in Amherst on Thursday, May 
7, there is little to report, and that 
chiefly of a routine nature. The resig- 
nation of Professor Grosvenor, which 
he had announced on April 15, was 
accepted, and it was voted to make him 
Professor Emeritus. The location of 
the Webster Memorial statue, the gift 
of Riciiard Billings, '97, was decided on; 
it is to be placed at the end of the double 
row of trees which extends from the 
back of the College chapel to the west 
end of College Church. The statue, a 
picture of which is given as the frontis- 
piece of this number of the Quarterly, 
will in that location be an impressive 

The chief importance of the meeting 
centred in what was done to the Trus- 
tees. It was the occasion of President 
Meiklejohn's first annual report. As 
this is already presumably in the 
hands of all the alumni, there is no 
occasion to enlarge on it here; and 
discussion of its proposals would be 
premature. Its main interest consists 
in the tentative scheme for a radically 
new curriculum, as outlined in the third 
section of the paper. This scheme is 
proposed in the conviction that Amherst , 
in common with other liberal colleges 
of her kind and time, "stands at the 
parting of the ways, and that critical 
problems are awaiting her decision." 
The report will receive much discussion, 
as it deserves to do; and all the alumni 
will look forward with keen interest to 
the scheme's development from its 
vague and tentative form to a rounded 

and usable curriculum. We give here 
the tabular outline, with the President's 
remarks introducing it: 

"For the sake of stimulating the 
friends of the college, students, alumni, 
faculty, and trustees, to the discussion 
of principles and methods, may I sketch 
here the outline of a curriculum con- 
cerning which I have already had much 
discussion with colleagues and students. 
The plan is offered not as a final solution 
of our curriculum problems, but as a 
preliminary statement of a point of 
view which, if valid, may perhaps 
receive more adequate expression in 
other ways. It is offered not for adop- 
tion but for criticism and consideration." 

Proposed Curriculum for a Liberal 

Freshman Year 

Sophomore Year 

Social and Eco- 
nomic Institutions 
Mathematics and 

Formal Logic 

European History 



Foreign Language 


Junior Year 

Senior Year 

American History 

Intellectual and 
Moral Problems 

History of 

Elective Minor 
Elective Minor 

Elective Major 

After a presentation of its advan- 
tages, which of course the alumni will 

282 AMHERST graduates' QUARTERLY 

read and weigh, the President concludes open to challenge. And even if they 

this part of his report as follows: were valid, it is clear that this embodi- 

„ . T 1 iu- J 1 t ment of them is a mere sketch which 
As 1 leave this proposed plan for , , , •. • . 
your consideration. I must apologize ^° become a plan only as it is torn 
for saying so much concerning its sup- apart, put together again in new forms 
posed advantages. May I say again ^^^ ^'^^^ needed supplementation, sub- 
that the plan is presented simply for Jected to all the generous interpretation 
criticism, and its claims have been set and criticism which men give each other 
forth in the hope that counter claim and when they are working together in a 
attack may reveal its defects. The plan common cause which is more important 
does express certain principles in which to them than is their own discussion of 
I believe. But those principles are jt. " 





William I. Fletcher, who was for 
twenty-eight years, until 1911, Otis 
Librarian, and is now Librarian Emer- 
itus, observed his seventieth birthday 
on April 28. 

On tendering his resignation as pro- 
fessor in Amherst College, after nineteen 
years of service in that capacity. Profes- 
sor Edwin A. Grosvenor presented, on 
April 15, the following letter of resig- 

"It is not lightly that I hereby tender 
my resignation as professor of modern 
government and international law in 
Amherst college, said resignation to 
take effect at the close of the present 
academic year. 

"It is needless to say that no one is 
more interested in the weKare of the 
College than myself. No one more 
heartily desires the happiness and suc- 
cess of every one in any M-ay connected 
with it. The recollection of twenty 
years' service in it is my precious pos- 
session. Nor can I too strongly ex- 
press my grateful appreciation of the 
courtesy and regard invariably shown 
me by the students. Every student of 
mine I think of as my personal, life-long 

"I am not resigning to seek rest or 
relaxation. There is literary work 
which I have undertaken, for the com- 
pletion of which my pubhshers are 
pressing, and which, 'while the best of 
my time and strength is devoted to col- 
lege duties, it is well-nigh impossible to 
accomplish. There is other work also 
which I hope to do." 

Professor Herbert P. Houghton sailed 
Saturday, May 16, for a two months' 
trip in Europe. He sailed to Naples, 
his plan being to visit Pompeii, Rome, 
Florence, Pisa, the Italian and French 
Riviera, Rhone valley, Marseilles, 

Lyons, Geneva, and thence down the 
Rhine and Moselle rivers to Cologne and 
Antwerp, returning about the middle of 
Professor Lawrence H. Parker sailed 
May 2 for Europe, where his family 
has been during the past year. His 
plans include six weeks' study in Paris, 
until the university closes, after which 
he will visit Germany and England, 
returning before college opens in the 

Professor Frederick L. Thompson, 
who will take his Sabbatical year, will 
begin it with a trip round the world, 
visiting Japan first and giving special 
attention to China. In February he 
will return to England, where he plans 
to devote the remainder of his year at 
research work in the Record Office, 

In Nature, for May 21, is an article by 
Professor Da\'id Todd on "The Total 
Eclipse of 1914 in Turkey and Per- 
sia," which gives full directions for 
travel, outfit, facilities, etc., for visiting 
the remote regions where the weather 
is likeliest to be cloudless and the air 
clear, for observing the eclipse under 
the most favorable conditions. It may 
be regarded as giving a pretty accurate 
outline of the trip he proposes to take 
this summer. 

Many unsigned reviews in The 
Nation are by Professor Todd; among 
which may be mentioned as especially 
notable a review of Sir Thomas Heath's 
book, "Aristarchus of Samos, the An- 
cient Copernicus," in the number for 
December 25, 1913. 




General Note 

In making two corrections of dates 
given in the last number of the Quar- 
terly, we take occasion to remind our 
readers of a defect that frequently 
occurs in the sending of items, which 
can be avoided by taking a little thought. 
A newspaper clipping will be sent, for 
instance, in which an account is given of 
some person who died "recently," or 
"last Wednesday," or whose "funeral 
occurred yesterday;" and yet no clue 
is given to the date of the paper, this 
being carefully scissored away. To 
quote such an item a month or two 
afterwards in a quarterly publication is 
not very satisfactory; and sometimes 
a great deal of research is needed, or 
may be wholly in vain, to get the date. 
Both of the errors which we herewith 
correct are due to this defect in the 
reports sent to us. They will be found 
in the items for 1858 and 1871. 


Nathan Noyes Withington, for 23 
years editorial writer of the Newbury- 
■port (Mass.) Herald and recently its 
contributing editor, died May 8, aged 
86 years, in that city. He was a mem- 
ber of the Authors' Club of London, and 
was formerly a representative in the 
General Court. He served in the 
Eleventh Massachusetts Infantry dur- 
ing the Civil War. 


Augustus G. Kimberley, Secretary, 
367 Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Former Egyptian and Sudanese 
students of ex-President Daniel Bliss, 
D. D., first president of the Syrian Prot- 
estant College in Beirut, Syria, have 

erected a large statue in memory of his 
work during the thirty-eight years of his 
presidency. Doctor Bliss became presi- 
dent when the college was founded and 
has built it up until it has become inde- 
pendent and a power in the East, 
sending its students, Syrians, Egyptians, 
Mohammedans, and many others, into 
all parts and provinces of Western Asia. 
Doctor Bliss retired from active service 
in 1903, passing his work over to his son, 
but he is still living in Beirut and inter- 
ests himself in the activities of the col- 
lege, which this year enrolled a thousand 
students. Doctor Bliss is one of 
Amherst's oldest alumni. 

Rev. S.\muel B. Sherrill, Secretary, 
415 Humphrey Street, New Haven, 
Henry E. Hutchinson died May 8, 
in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

N. B. Rev. Dr. George Sayles Bishop 
died March 12, not February 13 as was 
erroneously reported. 


Herbert L. Bridgman, Secretary, 
604 Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Herbert L. Bridgman, of the Brook- 
lyn Standard-Union, was chosen presi- 
dent of the American Newspaper 
Publishers' Association at their annual 
meeting in New York, April 23. Mr. 
Bridgman is one of the directors of the 
newly formed City Club of Brooklyn. 


The resignation of Professor E. A. 
Grosvenor, after nineteen years of 
service as professor in Amherst, is noted 
in the news relating to the Faculty, on 
another page. 




William Reynolds Brown, Secretary, 
79 Park Avenue, New York Citj- 
Dr. William J. Holland, director of 
the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, is 
the author of an exceptionally interest- 
ing and valuable book entitled "To the 
River Plate and Back." The book is 
reviewed on another page. 

Professor Henry Preser\ ei Smith has 
just published with the Scribners a book 
on "The Religion of Israel." In this 
book, which traces the historical devel- 
opment of the religious beliefs and prac- 
tices of the Hebrews, he shows especial 
skill in throwing the light of comparative 
religion on the problems which he in- 
vestigates. The book aims to be simpli- 
fied for the uses of the general as well as 
the special reader. 

Dean Francis Hovey Stoddard of 
New York University was the guest at 
a farewell dinner by the members of the 
Faculty of the University on April 
30, at the Manhattan Hotel. Dean 
Stoddard retires at the end of the scho- 
lastic jear, and Dean-elect Archibald L. 
Bouton, his successor, also an Amherst 
man in the class of 1896, was his guest 
at the dinner. The Faculty presented 
a testimonial of their esteem to Dr. 


Pbof. Herbert G. Lord, Secretary, 
623 West 113th Street, New York. N. Y. 

The death of Professor Josiah Remick 
Smith, of Columbus, Ohio, occurred 
February 15, instead of February 14, as 
erroneously reported in the last number 
of the Quarterly. 


William M. Ducker, Secretary, 

111 Broadway, New York 
Rev. Clark S. Beardslee, professor of 
biblical dogmatics and ethics at the 

Hartford theological seminary since 
1888, died April 14 in Hartford, Conn. 
He was born at Coventry in 1850 and 
was graduated from Amherst in 1876 
and from the Hartford theological 
seminary in 1879. Previous to 1888 he 
held pastorates in Congregational 
churches at Lemans, la., Prescott, 
Ariz., and West Springfield. He was 
the author of a number of books of a 
religious nature. 

George A. Plimpton, president of the 
trustees of the college, is in Europe 
for a stay of some months. After a 
visit in England, he travelled across the 
continent to Constantinople, where on 
June 3, he attended the dedication of 
five new buildings for the American 
College for Women, of which he is a 

Herbert H. Sanderson died April 7, 
at his home in Lancaster, N. H. Mr. 
Sanderson was educated in the Sunder- 
land schools and academies of Shel- 
burne Falls and Easthampton. He was 
graduated from Amherst College with 
the class of 1876. He was at one time 
proprietor with E. H. Phelps of the l^ew 
England Homestead, and was its pub- 
lisher and assistant editor. Lately he 
had been editor of the Lancaster Daily 
Gazette. In 1887 he married Florence 
P. Carruth of North Brookfield, who sur- 
vives him. 


Rev. a. DeW Mason, Secretary, 
222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. H. S. Redfield of Columbia Law 
School, has been seriously ill with pneu- 
monia at his residence in New York, 
but is now out of danger and steadily 

Prof. Lucien I. Blake has returned 
from several years' residence abroad 
and has gone to Berkeley, Cal., to 
deliver there a course of lectures in 



Cosmic Physics, before the University 
of California. 

Collin Armstrong has been chosen as 
the representative of '77 on the newly 
organized Alumni Council. He is also 
a member of the executive committee 
of the Sphinx Club of New York City. 

The forty-sixth annual meeting of 
the Congregational Conference of New 
Jersey met at Westfield, N. J., lately, 
in the Westfield Congregational Church, 
of which the Rev. Dr. Samuel L. 
Loomis is pastor. 

The following changes in the addresses 
of members of this class appear in the 
"Address List of Alumni," just issued 
by the College: Charles P. Bond, Esq., 
123 Adams Street, Waltham, Mass.; 
Prof. Frank H. Coffran, Martin Pazze 
High School, Buffalo, N. Y.; Prof. 
Arthur H. Pearson, Oberlin, O.; Rev. 
Sidney K. Perkins, Lock Box 325, 
Manchester, Vt.; Chas S. Ryder, Esq., 
5446 Amboy Road, Hugiienot Park, 
Staten Island, N. Y.; Prof. Erastus G. 
Smith, 649 Harrison Ave., Beloit, Wis.; 
Rev. Rufus B. Tobey, 75 Lincoln Ave., 
WoUaston, Mass.; Nathan S. Williams, 
Esq., 901 Berger Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

E. A. Thompson, who, on receiving 
the degree of M. S. in 1912, was adopted 
as an honorary member of '77, has been 
the subject of an extended article by 
Ray Stannard Baker in the American 
Magazine for April. The article has 
been copied in part, in several papers, 
including the Literary Digest. To call 
him "E. A. Thompson, the Tinker," as 
Mr. Baker does, is a striking way of 
putting the case, as befits a magazine 
style, but that it is not intended to be- 
little the scientific and artistic value of 
Mr. Thompson's work is abundantly 
evinced by the laudatory tone of the 
article. He makes it clear, though, by 

adducing only a part of the data, that 
Mr. Thompson is what the college has 
named him — a Master of Science. 


Prof. J. F. Jameson, Secretary, 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 

The Rev. Dr. Nehemiah Boynton 
has been elected a trustee of the Ameri- 
can Seaman's Friend Society. In the 
last year the society provided 6,130 
free meals for shipwrecked sailors, free 
lodging for 4,865, distributed 17,028 
bundles of literature, and sent 253 loan 
libraries to sea; 84,781 letters were 
written and received by the society. 

In the Contemporary Review for Janu- 
ary is a review of Stanton Coit's recent 
book "Social W'orship." The book is 
published by George Allen, London. 

Charles M. Pratt has recently given 
to Vassar College a magnificent entrance 
building of gray stone in collegiate 
Gothic style, in recognition of the ser- 
vice of ex-President J. M. Taylor. 

Prof. Francis R. Hathaway died at 
his home in Salem, on March 20. After 
graduation he became a teacher of 
science in the Murdock school, Winchen- 
don, from which he was called in 1900 
to the head of the scientific department 
of the Salem High school. He is sur- 
vived by his widow, and one daughter. 
Miss Evelyn Hathaway. 


Henry P. Field, Secretary, 
Northampton, Mass. 

Dr. Frederick J. Bhss, dean for men 
at the University of Rochester, has 
resigned. Dr. Bliss will return to the 
Orient in the autumn, resuming his 
archaeological research work there. 



In the New York Times Book Review 
for April 19 is the following book review: 

The Begintnings of Libraries. By 
Ernest Cashing Richardson. Prince- 
ton University Press. $1. 

It may be a far cry from Forty-second 
Street and Fifth Avenue, from Great 
Russell Street or the Vatican, to a 
knotted cord and a notched stick pre- 
served in a hut by a primitive man, 
but across even such a gulf of years 
passes the librarian of Princeton Uni- 
versity in the search for that which has 
made him famous, the beginnings of 
libraries. He goes back even further 
than that, for he starts his study with 
the alleged libraries of the antediluvian 
patriarchs — the collection Adam is said 
to have written before he was asked to 
vacate the garden, and the bon voyage 
box of books Noah is reputed to have 
taken with him on the ark. These, of 
course, Mr. Richardson considers only 
in the light the legends have cast on 
the history of man's mind. Real libra- 
ries began when man commenced to 
keep records, when he tallied up the day's 
hunt on a notched wand or set down the 
story of his prowess in picture writing 
on birch bark, or skins or wampum 
belts. A collection of such, according 
to the author, constituted a library. 

The work of the librarian had a be- 
ginning no less interesting. Priests 
were the original guardians of books, 
and they kept them in an especially 
reserved cave or hut. The bookcases of 
those days were clay jars, chests, and 
skin pouches. When you wanted a 
book you went to the cave and the priest 
hauled one forth from the skin pouch, 
and you sat yourself right down there 
on the spot and did the reading while 
the librarian stood at a respectful dis- 
tance keeping his eye on you, just as a 
museum guard does in these days. 

Though Mr. Richardson's book was 
written avowedly for librarians and 
library students, it contains many facts 
and opens up many avenues of specu- 
lation that will prove of interest to the 
layman, who finds on his shelf of favorite 
authors, as, no doubt, found his primi- 
tive forefathers, the gateway to what 
Chaucer calls "the blissful place of the 
herte's hele and dedly woundes cure." 


John B. Walker, Secretary, 

50 East 34th Street, New York City. 

An article appeared in The Congrega- 
tionalist of April 27 by Rev. Howard A. 
Bridgman on " Erikson, a Modern Cru- 
sader, the human link between America 
and Albania." In the issue of April 16 
he published an article on Dr. John R. 
Mott and his work. Mr. Bridgman 
preached the baccalaureate sermon to 
the graduating class of Clark College, 
Worcester, on June 14. 

W^illiara B. Owen, Esq., died April 19, 
at Vineyard Haven, Mass. 


WiLL.\RD H. Wheeler, Secretary, 
2 Maiden Lane, New York City. 

The record of the annual reunion of 
the class, held at the Hotel Kimball, 
Springfield, Mass., December 21, 1913, 
has recently appeared. It is a neatly 
printed book of seventy-two pages 
which every alumnus of the college 
should read. Quite naturally, it sounds 
the note of "Here's to Us"; but who is 
minded to dispute the claim that "The 
class of '84 has excelled all other Am- 
herst classes; its members were not only 
bound together in college, but especially 
because after graduation the class has 
kept together. . . . Today '84 of 
Amherst College leads any class of any 
college or university in America in the 



number of yearly reunions — this being 
the thirtieth annual and thirty-sixth 
Class Reunion." 

The School Review for May contains 
an article by Professor James H. Tufts 
entitled "The Teaching of Ideals," be- 
ing an address delivered by Professor 
Tufts at the meeting of the Harvard 
Teachers' Association, at Cambridge, 
March 7, 1914. 


Frank E. Whitman, Secretary, 
490 Broome Street, New York City. 
At a dinner of the Union College 
Alumni Association of New England, 
held in Hartford, April 29, Rev. Sherrod 
Soule gave an interesting address on 
" Connecticut's Contribution to Union," 
a subject on which his intimate knowl- 
edge of Connecticut history enabled him 
to speak with special authority. The 
address was illustrated with stereop- 
ticon views. 

Irving H. Upton has recently been 
appointed acting head-master of the 
Roxbury High School, Boston. 


Charles F. Marble, Secretary, 
4 Marble St., Worcester, Mass. 
In an article entitled "The Salutation 
to the Soul," in The Congregationalist 
for April 9, Rev. Allen E. Cross gives 
an appreciative interpretation of the 
Japanese and Chinese custom of ances- 
tor worship and of prayer to the dead; 
treating it not as a superstition, but 
showing how consistent it may be with 
certain aspects of Christian belief. 

Rev. Charles S. Thayer, Ph.D., 
librarian of the Case Memorial library 
of the Hartford Theological Seminary, 
has been elected president of the Con- 
necticut Library Association. 

Robert A. Woods has an article in 
the March number of the American 
Journal of Sociology entitled "The 
Neighborhood in Social Reconstruc- 


Frederick B. Pratt, Secretary, 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Frederick B. Pratt was a member of 
the Campaign Committee of the Na- 
tional Society for the Promotion of 
Industrial Education, formed for the 
purpose of raising $100,000 by May 15. 
Secretary W'illiam C. Redfield, of the 
Department of Commerce, who re- 
ceived a degree from Amherst last June, 
is president of the society. 


Wallace M. Leonard, Secretary, 

23 Forest Street, Newton Highlands, 


In the report of his year spent as 
Director of the School of Oriental Re- 
search in Jerusalem (1912-13), Professor 
W. J. Moulton calls attention to the 
rapid destruction of ancient buildings 
and other antiquities going on con- 
stantly in old parts of Palestine. " Might 
not a society," he says, "for the preser- 
vation of Syrian and Palestinian antiqui- 
ties, that should include all the friends 
of archaeology among the nations repre- 
sented in Jerusalem, do something to 
create public sentiment and help the 
proper officials to perform their duty? 
And might not such an organization 
bring nearer the day when there should 
be, not merely more thought of preser- 
vation, but likewise of the restoration 
that would be so easily possible in many 
instances.'" A serious question for 
friends of classical and ancient learning. 

Rev. and Mrs. Elbridgc C. Whiting, 
in a neatly printed and illustrated pam- 




phlet, announce the establishment of a 
Country Home School for Girls, " Whit- 
ing Hall," at South Sudbury, Mass. 
"The purpose of the school is to receive 
growing girls into an environment of 
sound health, thorough instruction, per- 
sonal care, and natural and beautiful 
living. It is a Home School in the 
Country, in the real sense." The fall 
term begins Tuesday, September 22 — 
the opening of the school. 


Henhy H. Bosworth, Esq., Secretary, 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 
F. E. Spaulding, City Superintendent 
of Schools at Newton, Mass., has been 
elected City Superintendent of Schools 
in Minneapolis. He had been men- 
tioned for Associate City Superintend- 
ent of New York to fill the vacancy 
caused by the recent death of Edward 
L. Stevens. 


Eo-mN B. Child, Secretary, 
Flushing, N. Y. 
J. Herbert Low is one of the board of 
directors of the Municipal Club of 


WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Esq., Secretary, 
Easthampton, Mass. 
At the annual meeting of the Ameri- 
can Tract Society, held in New York 
City May 13, the Rev. Dr. John Tim- 
othy Stone was elected honorary vice- 
president of the society. 


Richard S. Brooks, Secretary, 

The Republican, Springfield, Mass. 

At a dramatization of the Book of 

Job by the Dramatic Society of the 

University of Wisconsin, Rev. Addison 

A. Ewing took the title role in a per- 
formance given in Milwaukee, and 
later (May 14) in Madison, Wis. The 
play is treated somewhat after the 
manner of the Greek drama, with chorus 
and without curtain. Dr. H. M. Kallen 
of the department of philosophy in the 
University of Wisconsin, arranged the 
book for presentation, and in the Play 
Book, published by the Wisconsin Dra- 
matic Society, publishes a series of 
articles on the dramatic art of the 
ancient Hebrews. 


Henry E. Whitcomb, Secretary, 
Station A, Worcester, Mass. 

The Ninety-Four Bugle, issued by the 
class on May 1, contains an interesting 
article by Alfred E. Stearns on his recent 
trip to the Orient. 

Dr. Edward W. Capen is secretary of 
the Kennedy School of Missions, which 
is affiliated with the Hartford Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He is the administra- 
tive head of the school and occupies the 
chair of sociology and missions on the 
faculty. He has recently . published a 
book entitled "Sociological Progress 
in Mission Lands," based on a course of 
lectures which he delivered in Pitts- 
burgh in February, 1912. 

William S. Tyler, Secretary, 
30 Church Street, New York City. 
Dwight W. Morrow, who for many 
years has been with the law firm of 
Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett, has be- 
come associated with J. P. Morgan & 
Co. in a confidential capacity. 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary, 

86 Worth Street, New York City. 

Albert Ira Montague died April 10. 

He was born in Sunderland in 1874, 



and fitted for college at Wesleyan 
academy, Wilbraham. After gradua- 
tion he taught mathematics in Law- 
renceville, N. J., from 1896 to 1899, 
and later in several preparatory schools. 
In 1908 he took the position of parole 
officer for the Lyman school in West- 
boro. After acceptance of this position 
he returned to Sunderland to live, and 
had made his home in that village for 
the past six years. 

Mortimer L. SchiflP has been elected a 
director of the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company. 

Rev. Edwin B. Robinson of Holyoke 
has been appointed one of the eleven 
members of the "Social Service Com- 
mission of Congregational Churches," 
which was established at the Congre- 
gational convention at Kansas City last 

E. C. Witherby of Syracuse, who has 
been general manager of the Semet- 
Solvay Co. for several years, was re- 
cently elected to the Board of Trustees 
of the Syracuse Trust Company. 

J. N. Haskell is pastor at Fisk Uni- 
versity, Nashville, Tenn. 

J. V. K. Wells, Jr., has left Buckland, 
Mass., where he had been settled for 
several years, and now has a church at 
Bergen, N. Y. 

R. H. Cochrane has become pastor of 
the First Congregational Church of 
Marion, Mass. 

G. T. Pearsons is sales manager of 
the Haydenville (Mass.) Brass Com- 

Rev. Edward F. Sanderson, for several 
years pastor of the Church of the Pil- 
grims, Brooklyn, presented his resig- 
nation May 17, to be effective June 1. 
Hereafter Mr. Sanderson wDl devote 
his time to social service work. 

N. Frederick Foote is New England 
manager for the advertising house of 
Paul Block, Inc., with offices at 201 
Devonshire Street, Boston. 


Dr. Benjamin K. Emerson, Secretary, 
72 West Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Professor Raymond McFarland of 
Middlebury College, Vermont, has been 
elected president of the New England 
Association of College Teachers. 

Mrs. Mary Adeline Chase, wife of 
Rev. Loring B. Chase, pastor of the 
Congregational church in Sunderland, 
died May 8, after a five-days' illness 
with pneumonia. She leaves, besides 
her husband, a family of three daugh- 

Karl V. S. Howland, who resigned 
from the oflSce of treasurer of the Out- 
look Company in May of last year to 
join the staff of the Mentor Association, 
an educational and periodical enterprise 
of the American Lithograph Company, 
has become publisher of The Independ- 

Dr. Oliver T. Hyde, of Silver City, 
New Mexico, has been elected president 
of the Copper Baseball League. 


Edward W. Hitchcock, Secretary, 
26 Broadway, New York City. 

Professor David C. Rogers, Ph.D., 
of the University of Kansas, has been 
appointed full professor of psychology at 
Smith College, Northampton, Mass. 
He succeeds Professor Arthur H. Pierce 
(Amherst, '88), who died on February 

Frederick H. Atwood has been trans- 
ferred from the New York branch of 
the Millers Falls Co. to the home office. 
He will make his home in Greenfield, 




Fred H. Klaer, Secretary, 
334 So. 16th Street, Philadelphia. 

Walter A. Dyer had a story in the 
Associated Sunday Magazine for May 
3, entitled "Ishmael." 

In the April number of The Century 
Professor Harold C. Goddard has an 
article on "WTiat is Wrong mth the 
College?" He epitomizes the reforms 
he would make under three heads: 

"1. Eject from the student body the 
intellectually inert. 

"2. Eliminate from the faculty the 
narrow specialist. 

"3. Encourage every influence that 
tends to unify, to socialize, to humanize 
knowledge. " 

Annie Louise Broughton, wife of Rev. 
Horace C. Broughton, pastor of the 
First Baptist Church, Canton, Pa., 
died March 6, in Dorchester, Mass., 
where she had been ill for four months. 
She leaves a family of four children. 

Rev. George H. Driver, pastor of the 
First Congregational Church at Exeter, 
N. H., and Miss Helen Pitman Bell, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Upham Bell, of Andover, Mass., were 
married on Thursday, April 23. 


Rev. Karl O. Thompson, Secretary, 
643 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Rev. Harrison L. Packard has ac- 
cepted a call from Littleton, Mass., to 
the Congregational Church at Shel- 
burne Falls, Mass. 

Rev. Karl O. Thompson has recently 
received the M. A. degree from Olivet 
College, Michigan. 


John B. O'Brien, Secretary, 
309 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
One of the most successful class re- 
unions which Nineteen Hundred Five 

has ever had was that of Saturday, 
March 28, 1914, at Keen's Enghsh 
Chop House, 66-70 West 36th St., New 
York City. Nearly twenty members 
of the class were present, and listened 
with a great deal of interest to an ac- 
count of Amherst as she is to-day, which 
was given by Maurice Clark, one of 
1905's representatives on the Amherst 
faculty. Those present included Alpers, 
Baily, Clark, Freeman, Grover, Gil- 
bert, Hopkins, Holmes, Knight, Lynch, 
Moon, Nash, O'Brien, Patch, Rathbun, 
Weed and Wing. 

Charles Ernest Bennett will be mar- 
ried on June 25 to Miss Mabel Mar- 
guerite Morris, of Piermont-on-Hud- 
son, New York. The ceremony will 
take place in the Reformed Church of 
Piermont, of which the bride's father 
is pastor. 

John G. Anderson has been writing 
a series of very interesting golf articles 
for the New York Sun. They have ap- 
peared every Monday, and have at- 
tracted wide attention. 

George Schwab recently presented 
to the biological museum at Amherst 
a valuable collection of snakes, frogs and 
fish, collected by him in the province 
of Kamerun, German West Africa. 
Among these are several specimens of 
the "hairy frog," the first ones to come 
to America. The presence of hairs on 
the frog is supposed to represent some 
high and as yet unknown sense of per- 
ception. This exceptional collection 
will be on exhibition during Commence- 

Rev. Edwin Hill van Etten, who has 
been curate at Trinity Church, Boston, 
for the past three years, has been called 
to the rectorship of Christ Church, New 
York. Mr. Van Etten has made a 
notable record in Boston. While in 




college, he was a member of the Student 
board, president of Phi Beta Kappa, 
manager of the track team, college 
organist, winner of the Hyde prize and 
several other honors. 

A son. Ransom Pratt Rathbun, was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Rathbun 
on Tuesday, April 7. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rathbun are now residing at 601 West 
177th St., New York City. 

Ralph S. Patch is teaching at the 
Plainfield High School, Plainfield, N. J. 

The marriage of Josiah Bridges Woods 
and Hilda Louise Llrickson took place at 
the bride's home in Washington, D. C, 
on April 30. It was largely an Amherst 
affair. The ceremony was performed 
by Dr. Stephen M. Newman of Wash- 
ington, D. C, president of Howard Uni- 
versity, who was the pastor of the bride's 
family during her childhood and bap- 
tized her. He was assisted by Dr. Jay 
T. Stocking (Amherst, '95), the present 
pastor of the First Congregational 
church of Washington, D. C. The 
groom, with his cousin, Alan M. Fair- 
bank (Amherst, '11), as best man, 
awaited the bridal party at an impro- 
vised altar built under a bower of flow- 
ering dog-wood. Chilton Powell (Am- 
herst, '07), of Baltimore, Md., and John 
Hunter (Amherst, '07), of Washington, 
D. C, friends of the groom at college 
and in his later business life, preceded 
the party. They were followed by E. 
Edward Wells (Amherst, '03), formerly 
of Hatfield, now of Baltimore, Md., and 
Randolph S. Merrill (Amherst, '13), of 
Patersou, N. J. William W. Gilbert 
of Washington, D. C, and Edward N. 
Lacey (Amherst, '90) of Boston, carried 
the ribbons which they, with the help of 
the other ushers, extended from the door 
to the altar. 

Mrs. Woods is a graduate of George 
Washington university of Washington, 

D. C, in the class of 1913, where she was 
vice-president of her class, president of 
the Christian association and a member 
of the Sigma Kappa sorority. Mr. 
Woods is a son of the late Rev. Robert 
M. Woods (Amherst, '69), and Mrs. 
W^oods of Hatfield, and is a graduate of 
Phillips Andover, 1901, and Amherst 
college, 1905, where he was a member of 
the Psi Upsilon fraternity. At present 
he is the Hartford representative of the 
Judd paper company of Holyoke. Mr. 
and Mrs. Woods will reside at Hartford 
after having spent a short honeymoon 
at Pocono Manor, Pa. 

Edward H. Gardner has been ap- 
pointed assistant professor of English 
in the University of Wisconsin. 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary, 
92 Cannon Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Augustus H. Bartley of 
Bartley, N. J., announce the engage- 
ment of their daughter, Meta Sharpe 
Bartley, to Frederick Sewall Bale, son 
of the late Rev. Albert G. Bale, who 
was for nearly thirty years pastor of the 
First Congregational Church of Melrose, 
Mass. Mr. Bale was graduated from 
Amherst College in 1906. 

George Harris, Jr. has recently fin- 
ished translating thirty Russian folk- 
songs, which are to be published by G. 
Schirmer & Co. Mr. Harris will spend 
the summer in Europe. He plans to 
sing in London. 


Charles P. Sloclth, Secretary, 
262 Lake Avenue, Newton Highlands, 
An article appeared in The Outlook of 
May 2, entitled "When your Son is a 
Fool," by Bruce Barton. Mr. Barton has 
also written for The Woman's Home 
Companion a series of articles on women 



and religion, some of which have already 
appeared and are attracting favorable 
notice. Barton is also writing for Col- 
lier s Weekly, with which he is connected. 
He left on May 7 for a two months' trip 
to the Pacific coast, in the interests of 
that paper. 

Chilton L. Powell has been appointed 
to one of the William Bayard Cutting 
travelling fellowships of Columbia Uni- 
versity for 1914-15. 


Harry W. Zinstiiaster, Secretary, 
Duluth, Minn. 

Hugh W. Hubbard is at present en- 
gaged in teaching and missionary work 
at Poo Ting Fu in Northern China. 

William S. Kimball has removed his 
law office from the Massachusetts Mu- 
tual Building to the Stearns Building, 
293 Bridge Street, Springfield, Mass. 

H. Bonney is now located at Buenos 
Aires, Argentine Republic, South Amer- 

E. C. Cohen is practising law at 37 
Wall Street, New York City. 

O. S. Tilton has just returned from a 
business trip to South America. 

C. E. Merrill is now located in the in- 
vestment business for himself, with of- 
fices at 7 Wall Street, New York City. 

William Sturgis was recently ap- 
pointed eastern advertising manager of 
Today's Magazine, with offices in New 
York City. 

William I. Washburn, Jr., and wife 
are settled for the summer at No. 6 Aite 
de Varenne, Paris, France. 

The engagement of A. H. Keese of 
Los Angeles to Miss Grace W. Vander- 
bilt of New York City, Vassar, '07, is 
announced. The wedding is set for this 

H. W. Davis is in Stevensville, Mon- 
tana, on the University Ranch. 

A. M. Rowley is with the S. & C. 
Merriam Co., Publishers, Springfield, 


Eben Luther is with the American 
Taximeter Company, 1209 Vine Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

A daughter was recently born to Mr. 
and Mrs. E. J. Mulry of Brattleboro, 


Edward H. Sudbury, Secretary, 
343 Broadway, New York City. 
W^illiam A. Vollmer has been ap- 
pointed editor-in-chief of House and Gar- 
den, publi-shed by McBride, Nast & 
Co., New York. He had previously 
served as managing editor of that mag- 
azine, since his graduation from Am- 

Clayton E. Keith of Brockton coached 
the Vermont Academy hockey team the 
past season and turned out a very suc- 
cessful team. 

Donald D. McKay is now at Guapi, 
Colombia, where he is engaged in timber 
operations for the Colombia Timber and 
Mining Co., of which Harry E. Taylor, 
'04, is treasurer. 

Joseph Long Seybold of Minneapolis 
was married to Miss Catherine Lyon 
Roberts of the same city on May 16. 


Clarence Francis, Secretary, 
26 Broadway, New York City. 

Clarence Francis was married on May 
5 to Miss Grace Berry of Cranford, N. J. 

Alfred L. Atwood, varsity football 
captain in 1909, was recently elected a 
member of the board of selectmen in 
Norwood, Mass. 



Charles J. Hudson, who was assistant 
in the Amherst college observatory last 
year, has just published his first astro- 
nomical paper. He is at present working 
in the large observatory at Allegheny, 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary, 
144 Pearl Street, Brooldyn, N. Y. 

George B. Parks has recently been 
elected Kellogg Fellow of Amherst Col- 
lege for the term of seven years. Parks, 
who is now taking post-graduate work 
at Columbia, will pursue the study of 
English and comparative hterature 

Donnell B. Young has been ap- 
pointed laboratory assistant in Zoology 
at Columbia. 

Frank Cary is president of the junior 
class at Oberlin College. He was assis- 
tant coach of the Oberlin football team 
which tied for the state championship 
last fall. 

Judd A. Detterick, ex '11, is to be ad- 
dressed at Mora Road, East Las Vegas, 
New Mexico. 

Wm. P. S. Doolittle is now connected 
with the Utica Saxon Motor Corpora- 
tion, Utica, N. Y. 

Brice S. Evans, ex '11, has a son born 
March 1, 1913. His address is 76 Quint 
Avenue, AUston, Mass.. 

The engagement of Clayton B. Jones 
to Miss Helen Armstrong of Elizabeth, 
N. J., was announced last March. 

T. Leo Kane is connected with the 
Iron Age magazine. 

T. Frances Kernan is an instructor in 
the science department of the Blake 
Scliool, Minneapolis, Minn. His ad- 
dress is 1803 Hennepin Avenue, Minn- 

Gordon T. Fish is connected with the 
Department of Biology in the Sheffield 
Scientific School, Yale University. 

Laurens H. Seelye will travel in Eu- 
rope this summer. 

Carl K. Bowen is with the George G. 
Bowen's Sons Lumber Co., Charles- 
town, N. H. 

W. Newton Barnum is with the Fred- 
erick H. Levey Co., manufacturers of 
printing inks, 222 Forty-Fourth St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

John H. Keyes' mail address is 36 
Webster St., Brookline, Mass. 

Horace R. Denton's address is Steger 
Building, Chicago, 111. 

Hylton L. Bravo is with the Wash- 
burn Lumber Co., 415 Earl St., Toledo, 

Joseph T. West's address is 6611 Ran- 
dolph St., Oak Park, 111. 

Merton P. Corwin is living at 114 Van 
Buren Street, Jamestown, N. Y. 

Laurence W. Babbage is in the law 
oflBce of R. D. Crocker, Newark, N. J. 

Edward B. Lloyd's address is Box 52, 
Sandwich, Mass. 

Edmund S. Whitten is professor of 
German at St. Stephen's College, An- 
nandale-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

Charles F. Snow received the degree 
of M. B. A. from Harvard in 1913. His 
present address is "Stagger Inn," 
Nashua, N. H. 

Leonard H. Wilson is one of the man- 
agers of the Southern Talking Machine 
Company, 595 Third Street, San Ber- 
nardino, Cal. 

Lee D. Van Woert is a member of the 
law firm of Thompson & Van Woert, 
Oneonta, N. Y. He is prosecuting at- 
torney of Oneonta, N. Y., and is also 
engaged in the ice business there. He 
has two sons. 



A son, Roger, Jr., was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Roger Keith on March 31. 

Frederick J. Pohl is planning to take 
post-graduate work in English at Co- 
lumbia next year. 


Beeman p. Siblet, Secretary, 
639 West 49th Street, New York City. 

Announcement has been made of the 
engagement of Merritt Stuart of Bing- 
hamton, N. Y., to Miss Helen Mat- 
thews of New York City. 

RajTnond D. Hunting was married 
on March 31 to Miss Theo Masson 
Gould of West Newton, Mass. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hunting are to make their home 
in Brookline. 

Announcement has been made of the 
engagement of L. R. Stebbins of Ruth- 
erford, N. J., to Miss Ruth Christie, 
daughter of Judge and Mrs. Milton 
Demarest of Hackensack, N. J. 

Harry Vernon has signed a two-year 
contract to pitch for the Brooklyn Fed- 
eral League team. During his four 
years at Amherst, Vernon won the rep- 
utation of being one of the best college 
pitchers in the country. 

Clarion A. Davis has a son, James 
Phelps, said to be the class baby. 

Waldo Shumway has been appointed 
laboratory assistant in zoology at Co- 

Harold W. Crandall has been awarded 
the Schifl Fellowship in History at Co- 
lumbia for the coming year. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Baird of Brook- 
lyn have announced the engagement of 
their daughter, Ella Francine, to How- 
ard D. Simpson. 

Spenser Miller has won the George 
William Curtis Fellowship in public law, 
valued at $615, at Columbia University. 


Louis D. Stillwell, Secretary, 
60 Matthews Hall, Cambridge, Mass. 

Theodore A. Greene, the present sec- 
retary of the college Christian Associa- 
tion, will return next year as "religious 
director." The alumni advisory board 
of the association decided to adopt a 
policy which provides for a permanent 
leader in the college to direct in the 
church, religious and secular undertak- 
ings of the association. 

A recently announced engagement is 
that of Miss Edith Piatt Warner, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Gaylord 
Warner, of 56 Montgomery Place, and 
Hamilton Patton, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert W.Patton, of Highland Park, 111. 
Miss Warner was graduated from Smith 
College last June. Her fiance received 
his degree from Amherst at the same 


To The First Three Volumes of the Amherst Graduates' 


Compiled by Clarence E. Sherman 

Academic Reciprocity. (W. H. P. Faunce.) II, 92. 

Allis, Frederick S. The Alumni Council. 111,121. 

Alumni, The. I, 70, 174, 263, 342; II, 97, 167, 256, 345; III, 59, 135, 207. 

Alumni Council, The. (F. S. Allis.) Ill, 121. 

First Annual Meeting. Ill, 272. 

Amherst's Excellent Choice. (Rush Rhees.) II, 132. 

Andrews, E. N. Acrostic. William Shakespeare. Poem. Ill, 257. 

At the Sign of the Big, Red Apple. (W. A. Dyer.) Ill, 22. 

Barrett Hall. Plate. 111,119. 

Baxter, Arthur H. A Lost City of the Etruscans. Illustrated. II, 141. 

Beecher, Henry Ward. (S. P. Cadman.) With portrait. II, 327. 

Letters, Some Beecher. With portrait. II, 341. 

Biblical Idiom, Relation of the, to the Idiom of Evolution. (J. F. Genung) I, 207. 
Bigelow, William P. Shifting Emphasis. I, 308. 
Book Table, The. Reviews in order of authors: 

Bliss, Religions of Modern Syria and Palestine. I, 337. 
Boynton, H. W., World's Leading Poets. II, 162. 

P. H., London in English Literature. Ill, 53. 
Bridgman, First Book of World Law. I, 337. 
Chancellor, Class Teaching and Management. I, 67. 
Our Presidents and Their Office. Ill, 54. 
Churchill, Tragedy of Richard the Third. II, 253. 
Clark, Silas Deane; A Connecticut Leader in the American Revolution._^III, 

Clark, Control of the Trusts. II, 251. 
Dickinson, Education of a Music Lover. I, 64. 
Dyer, Lure of the Antique. I, 67. 

" Richer Life. I, 164. 
Elliott, David Thompson, Pathfinder. I, 339. 

" Peter Skene Ogden, Fur Trader. I, 339. 
Farwell, Village Improvement. Ill, 271. 
Field, Fingerposts to Children's Reading. I, 338. 

" Rome. Ill, 53. 
Fiske, Boy Life and Self-Government. I, 256. 

Challenge of the Country. II, 164. 
J'uess, Byron as a Satirist in Verse. II, 164. 


Book Table, The. Reviews: 

Gay and Rod, Bulletin and Review of the Keats-Shelley Memorial No. 2. 
I, 343. 

Hallock, Hawaii Under King Kalakaua. I, 258. 

Why Our Flag Floats Over Oregon. I, 258. 

Hartshorne, Worship in the Sunday School. Ill, 129. 

Holland, To the River Plate and Back. HI, 269. 

Houghton, Cicero's Defense of Old Age. I, 166. 

Keep, Library in Colonial New York. I, 339. 

Kenngott, Record of a City; Social Survey of Lowell, Mass. I, 334. 

Kimball, A. L., College Text-Book of Physics. I, 254. 
E., Public Life of Joseph Dudley. I, 165. 

Loomis, Hunting Extinct Animals in the Patagonian Pampas. H, 254. 

Lyman, Theology and Human Problems. I, 65. 

Mason, Outlines of Missionary History. II, 252. 

Morse, Peach Bloom. Ill, 127. 

Norton, Call of the Heights. I, 67. 

Palmer, Mahlon Norris Gilbert. Ill, 128. 

Pottle, Poems. I, 67. 

Smith, Life and Letters of Martin Luther. I, 62. 
Luther's Correspondence. Ill, 127. 

Stocking, City That Never Was Reached. I, 167. 

Stoddard, Introduction to General Chemistry. I, 163. 

Stone, Recruiting For Christ. I, 68. 

Swift, Youth and the Race. II, 161. 

Tyler, Recollections of the Civil War. II, 250. 
" Place of the Church in Evolution. Ill, 269. 

Ward, Commentary on Habakkuk. I, 337. 

Whicher, On the Tibur Road. I, 260. 

Wilkins and Rand, Dantis Algherii Operum Latinorum Concordantiae. II, 254. 

Wilkins and Altrocchi, Italian short stories. II, 255. 
Boynton, H. W. Postscript. Ill, 265. 
Bridgman, Herbert L. George Harris: Presentation Address. With portrait. 

Ill, 46. 
Brown's Gift to Amherst. (W. G. Everett.) II, 148. 
Bulgaria, American Influence In. (George Washburn.) II, 203. 
Buried Talent, The. (C. L. Powell.) Ill, 175. 
Burrill, Edgar W. The Passing of the Old in Drama. II, 223. 

Cadman, S. Parkes. Henry Ward Beecher. With portrait. II, 327. 

Cadwell, Louis G. The Housing of Phi Beta Kappa. II, 189. 

Carducci, The Poetry Of. (E. H. Wilkins.) II, 317. 

Christian Effort and Expectation at Amherst. (T. A. Greene.) Ill, 200. 

Christian Work in the College. (L. H. Seelye.) I, 155. 

Churchill, George B. Is the College Making Good? Ill, 95. 

Civil War Time, Amherst in. (J. H. Sawyer.) Ill, 118. 

Clark, Hubert L. The Quest of the Vital Force. II, 294. 


CL.4SSES, The. I, 71, 176, 265, 345; II, 99, 171, 262, 347; III, 61, 138, 209, 284' 

Clubs and Seminars, Among the. (G. B. Parks.) I, 151. 

Coadjutor of Four Colleges, A. (A. J. Hopkins.) I, 245. 

Coates, Hallam F. The Honor System in Rudimental Conditions. I, 107. 

Cobb, William H. At Sea. Poem. II, 25. 

College and the Man. (G. W. Thompson.) II, 306. 

College President's Job, The. (W.DeW. Hyde.) II, 86. 

College Range, Finding the Modern. (L. H. Seelye.) Ill, 106. 

College Window, The. See Editorial Notes. 

Commencement, The ninetieth, 1911. I, 44. 

The ninety-first, 1912. II, 26. 

The ninety-second, 1913. Ill, 40. 
Coolidge, Calvin. The Legislation of Sound Sense. Ill, 171. 

Portrait. Ill, 159. 
Corbin, William L. Keats. Poem. II, 316. 

Poems. II, 147. 

Poems. Ill, 174. 

Two Poems. I, 114. 
Crowell, Edward Payson. (A. D. Morse.) With portrait. I, 31. 

" Presentation address. (J. F. Genung.) Portrait. 

Ill, 49. 
Curriculum, Yesterday and Today in the. (J. M. Tyler.) I, 39. 

Democracy and Calture. (H. P. Swett.) Ill, 86. 
Democracy and Learning. (R. P. Utter.) I, 304. 

Dickinson, Henry N. Reversion. Poem. II, 316. , 

Distribution in College Education, The Problem of. (H. C. Goddard.) Ill, 243. 
Drama, The Passing of the Old in. (E. W. Burrill.) II, 223. 
Draper, Ernest G. Pleasures of an Amateur Print Collector. Ill, 29. 
Dyer, Walter A. At the Sign of the Big, Red Apple. Ill, 22. 
The World on Trial. III. 

Editorial Notes. List in order of publication: 
Between Ourselves. 1,1. 
Put it in Writing. I, 3. 
A Note from the Beginning. I, 6. 
The Meeting of the Ways. I, 8. 
An Institution of Learning. I, 95. 
The Everlasting No. I, 98. 
The Place for Men of Vision. I, 101. 
How it Feels to be an Alumnus. I, 104. 
We are Overheard. I, 197. 
The Educational Pulse-Beat. I, 200. 
Being a Cynosure. I, 204. 
College Life and Chaucer. I, 279. 
The Cry for Efficiency. I, 283. 
That Piece of White Nephrite. I, 286. 


Editorial Notes. List: 

The Grace of Imputation. II, 1. 

The Call of the Subject. II, 4. 

Marks and Remarks. II, 7. 

Our Mid-October Event. II, 9. 

Such Large Discourse. II, 119. 

EfEciency and Deficiency. II, 123. 

These Here Professors. II, 126. 

A Young Graduate Echo. II, 130. 

The College Atmosphere. II, 283. 

Product or Person.'' II, 287. 

Der Zweck dieses Spiels. II, 289. 

Our Centenary Memorial. II, 293. 

When Greek meets Greek. II, 193. 

The Student Nature. II, 198. 

Amherst's Reflected Lustre. II, 202. 

To What Purpose Then.'' Ill, 1. 

A Nursery of Ignorance. Ill, 5. 

From Our Item Editor. Ill, 9. 

Getting the Transition Made. Ill, 77. 

Learning as News. Ill, 81. 

From Our Treasurer's Desk, III, 84. 

Of College Fenestration. Ill, 159. 

A Passing and a Return. Ill, 163. 

Offensive College Loyalty. Ill, 168. 

In the Graduate Consciousness. Ill, 233. 

On Speaking Over People's Heads. Ill, 236. 

The Retort Apodictical. Ill, 240. 
Enterprise of Learning, The. (F. J. E. Woodbridge). I, 12. 

Comment on. I, 115. 
Erskine, John. Cherry-blossom. Poem. I, 223. 

Wildwood: In Memory of Edward Hitchcock. Poem. I, 24. 
Everett, Walter G. Brown's Gift to Amherst. II, 148. 
Evolution Idiom. See Biblical Idiom. 

Faculty, The. I, 171, 341; IH, 58, 134, 283. 

Faunce, William H. P. Academic Reciprocity. II, 92. 

Forbes, William T. Chief Justice Rugg. I, 37. 

Eraser, Harold L. Dr. Murray in the Class Room. With portrait. I, 326. 

Garfield, Henry A. Reaction and Progress. II, 82. 

Genung, John F. A Hero of Half a Century. With portrait. Ill, 49. 

Memory Song to Amherst. II, 74. 

The Significance of Pratt Memorial. Illustrated. Ill, 155. 

Relation of the Biblical Idiom to the Idiom of Evolution. I, 

Talcott Williams. L 231. 


Goal and the Game, The: Baccalaureate Address. (President Alexander Meikle- 

john.) Ill, 11. 
Goddard, H. C. The Problem of Distribution in College Education. Ill, 243. 
Goin' to the Shinty.? (D. V. Thompson.) Ill, 258. 
Goodell, Henry Hill. (J. M. Tyler.) With portrait. I, 235. 
Greene, Theodore A. Christian Effort and Expectation at Amherst. Ill, 200. 
Grover, Harry G. Hackensack Meadows. Poem. Ill, 252. 
Memory. Poem III, 105. 
" A Prayer for the Hungry. Poem. II, 222. 

Hall, Henry Clay. (E. S. Parsons.) Ill, 266. 

Portrait. Ill, 266. 
Haller, William. What Besides the Landscape.'' 11,211. 
Harris, Elijah Paddock. (G. G. Pond.) With portrait. I, 125. 
Harris, President George. Administration of. (Williston Walker.) I, 291. 

MemorialAddressouDr.Hitchcock. Wifhportrait. 1,22. 

A Personal Appreciation. (W. J. Tucker.) I, 296. 

Portrait. I, 279. 

Presentation Address. (H. L. Bridgman.) With 
portrait. Ill, 46. 
Harris, George, Jr. My College. Poem. II, 302. 

Poems. I, 302. 
Hitchcock, Dr. Edward. (President George Harris.) With portrait. I, 22. 
Honor System in Rudimental Conditions, The. (H. F. Coates.) I, 107. 
Hopkins, Arthur J. A Coadjutor of Four Colleges. I, 245. 
Hyde, William DeWitt. The College President's Job. II, 86. 

Inauguration of President Meiklejohn, The. Illustrated. II, 37. 

Intellectual Honesty. (H. C. Lodge.) II, 10. 

Is the College Making Good.' (G. B. Churchill.) Ill, 95. 

Johnson, Burges. Deacon Stebbins Pleads for the Ghosts. Poem. 111,184. 

Lansing, Robert, Sketch of. From The Outlook. Ill, 268. 

Portrait. Ill, 268. 
Law. Frederick H. In Amherst town. Poem. 111,21. 

The Purple Hills of Amherst. Poem. II, 209. 
Legislation of Sound Sense, The. (Calvin Coolidge.) Ill, 171. 
Livingstone, A Touch With. (M. L. Todd.) II, 221. 
Lodge, Henry Cabot. Intellectual Honesty. II, 10. 
Loomis, Frederick B. The Amherst 'OC Patagonian Expedition. I, 239. 
Lost City of the Etruscans, A. (A. H. Baxter.) Illustrated. II, 141. 
Lowell, A. Lawrence. The Duty of Scholarship. II, 79. 

March, Francis A. (F. W. Stearns.) With portraits. I, 129. 

6 I ND EX 

Meiklejohn, President Alexander. (W. G. Everett.) II, 48. 

(Talcott Williams.) With portrait. I, 321. 

Goal and the Game, The : Baccalaureate Ad- 
dress. Ill, 11. 

Inaugural Address. II, 56. 

Portraits. I, 321. II, 1, 48, 94. 
Morris Pratt Memorial Dormitory, Inscriptions in the. II, 154. 

Plans and Elevation I, 143. 

Plate. II, 119; III, 77. 

The Significance of. (J. F. Genung.) II, 155. 
Morse, Anson D . In Memoriam: Edward Payson Crowell. With portrait. 1,31. 
Murray, Gilbert. (H. L. Eraser.) With portrait. I, 326. 

Nelligan, Richard F. America in Stockholm. II, 19. 

New England College in Leadership, The. (W. F. Wilcox.) I, 224. 

Orr, William. Julius H. Seelye — -Administrator and Teacher. With portrait. 111,188. 

Park, James W. President William Frederick Slocum. With portrait. II, 239. 

Parks, George B. Among the Clubs and Seminars. I, 151. 

Parsons, E. S. Henry Clay Hall. Ill, 266. 

Patagonian Expedition, The Amherst '96. (F. B. Loomis.) I, 239. 

Phi Beta Kappa, The Housing of. (L. G. Caldwell.) II, 189. 

Phi Delta Theta House, The. Plate. II, 283. 

Philologists, Two Amherst. With portraits. (F. W. Stearns.) I, 129. 

Poems. Alphabetical List: 

Acrostic: William Shakespeare. (E. N. Andrews.) Ill, 257. 

After the Show. (George Harris, Jr.) I, 303. 

At Sea. (W. H. Cobb.) II, 25. 

Brother. (George Harris, Jr.) I, 302. 

Cherry-blossom. (John Erksine.) I, 223. 

Commencement. (K. O. Thompson.) Ill, 94. 

Deacon Stebbins Pleads for the Ghosts. (Burges Johnson.) Ill, 184. 

Hackensack Meadows. (H. G. Grover.) Ill, 252. 

In Amherst Town. (F. H. Law.) Ill, 21. 

In Arcady and After. (W. L. Corbin.) HI, 174. 

In the Street-car. (George Harris, Jr.) I, 302. 

Keats. (W. L. Corbin.) H, 316. 

Life's Paradoxes. (G. W. Thompson.) II, 18. 

Memory. (H. G. Grover.) Ill, 105. 

Memory Song to Amherst. (J. F. Genung.) II, 74. 

My College. (George Harris, Jr.) Ill, 302. 

Poe. (W. L. Corbin.) L 114. 

Poem. (G. W. Thompson.) II, 140. 

Prayer for the Hungry, A. (H. G. Grover.) II, 222. 

Purple HUls of Amherst, The. (F. H. Law.) II, 209. 

Reversion. (H. N. Dickinson.) II, 316. 


Poems. List : 

Richard Watson Gilder. (W. L. Corbin.) I, 114. 

Sonnet to Amherst College. (G. W. Thompson.) II, 140. 

Sonnets. (G. W. Thompson.) Ill, 28. 

Span of Years, The. (W. L. Corbin.) Ill, 174. 

To a Song Sparrow. (W. L. Corbin.) II, 147. 

Wildwood. (John Erskine.) I, 24. 

Wordsworth. (W. L. Corbin.) II, 147. 

Written on Thought of Leaving Amherst. (F. J. Pohl.) I, 317. 
Pohl, Frederick J. Written on Thought of Leaving Amherst. Poem. I, 317. 
Pond, George G. Elijah Paddock Harris: Presentation Address. 1,125. 
Postscript. (H. W. Boynton.) Ill, 265. 
Powell, Chilton L. The Buried Talent. Ill, 175. 
Print Collector, Pleasures of an Amateur. (E. G. Draper.) Ill, 29. 
Psi Upsilon House, The. Plaie. II, 193. 

Reaction and Progress. (H. A. Garfield.) II, 82. 
Rhees, Rush. Amherst's Excellent Choice. II, 132. 
Rolfe, William J. (F. W. Stearns.) With portrait. I, 129. 
Rugg, Arthur Prentice. (W. T. Forbes.) I, 37. 
Portrait. I, 95. 

Sawyer, Joseph H. Amherst in Civil War Time. Ill, 118. 
Scholarship, The Duty of. (A. L. Lowell.) II, 79. 
Seelye, President Julius H. (William Orr.) With portrait. Ill, 188. 
Laurens H. Finding the Modern College Range. Ill, 106. 

Making Christian Work Effective In the College. I, 155. 
Shifting Emphasis. (W. P. Bigelow.) I, 304. 
Sigma Delta Rho House, The. Plate. Ill, 1. 

Slocum, William Frederick. (J. W. Park.) With portrait. II, 239. 
Sovmding the Key Note: Comment on "The Enterprise of Learning." I, 115. 
Stearns, Foster W. Two Amherst Philologists. I, 129. 
Stockholm, America in. (R. F. Nelligan.) II, 19. 
Swett, Harry Preble. Democracy and Culture. Ill, 86. 

Thompson, D. V. Coin' to the Shinty.? IH, 258. 
Edmund A. (A. J. Hopkins.) I, 245. 
Garrett W. College and the Man. IL 306. 

Life's Paradoxes. Poem. II, 18. 
Poems. II, 140. 
Sonnets, III, 28. 
Karl O. Commencement. Poem. Ill, 94. 
Todd, Mabel Loomis. A Touch with Livingstone. II, 221. 
Trustees, The. I, 69, 169, 262, 340; IL 96, 166, 344; IH, 57, 133, 206, 281. 
Tucker, William Jewett. President Harris: A Personal Appreciation. I, 296. 
Tyler, Jolm M. Henry Hill Goodell. With portrait. I, 235. 

Yesterday and today in the Curriculum. I, 39. 


Undergraduate Affairs. I, 49, 151, 155, 160, 250, 331; II, 117, 189, 278, 357; 

III, 34, 131, 204, 276. 
Utter, Robert P. Democracy and Learning. I, 304. 

Vital Force, The Quest of the. (H. L. Clark.) II, 294. 

Walker, Williston. President Harris's Administration. I, 291. 

Washburn, George. American Influence in Bulgaria. II, 203. 

Webster Memorial Statue, The. Plate. Ill, 233. 

What Besides the Landscape? (William Haller.) II, 211. 

Wilkins, Ernest H. The Poetry of Carducci. II, 317. 

Wilcox, Walter F. The New England College in Leadership. I, 224. 

Williams, Talcott. (J. F. Genung.) I, 231. 

Portrait. I, 197. 

The President-elect. I, 321. 
Woodbridge, Frederick J. E. The Enterprise of Learning. I, 12. 
World on Trial, The. (W. A. Dyer.) Ill, 254. 

Young.D. B., of Amherst Equalling Intercollegiate Record in 440-yard Dash, 191 1. 
Plate. I, 53. 

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