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October, 1914 to June, 1915 




Frontispiece: W. M. Chase's Portrait of Clyde Fitch. 

Facing 3 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes 3 

The Editor's Job. — Being a Contemporaneous Posterity. — 
What Really Becomes of Amherst Men? 

Thirty- Year Philosophy. W. L. Rossiter, '84 13 

To H. G. G. Poem. Stephen V. Marsh, '03 30 

Clyde Fitch, Playboy, Playwright, and Man of the World. 

W. B. Chase, '96 31 

A List of Plays by Clyde Fitch, and Some Actors in Them. 35 

Some Recollections of Clyde Fitch in College. A . S. Bard, '88 37 

The Soul of Old Amherst. Song. Genung-Bigelow. ... 42 

flDn College ^ill 

The College and Its Commencement. Editor 43 

A Familiar Landmark Gone. Photograph by Mills, facing . . 56 
The Undergraduates' Report of Athletics. William G. 

Avirett, '16 56 

TOe 2Book '^able 

Swift, Learning and Doing. F. W. S., '03. — Loomis, The 
Deseado Formation of Patagonia. Editor. — Barton, A 
Young Man's Jesus. John M. Tyler, '73. — Plumb, When 
Mayflowers Blossom. Editor 60 

^ttitM anti ^etisional 

The Trustees 64 

The Alunrni Council 66 

The Faculty 68 

The Classes 71 


Mr. W. S. Rossiter, who writes the article on "Thirty- Year Philosophy," is a 
business man resident in Boston; has formerly occupied a prominent position 
in the United States Census Bureau. 

Mr. Stephen V. Marsh, who writes the poem, "To H. G. G.," has been principal 
of the High School in Cohoes, N. Y., but is now resident in Amherst. 

Mr. W. B. Chase, who writes the article on "Clyde Fitch, Playboy, Playwright, 
and Man of the World," as also the hst of plays succeeding, is dramatic critic 
of the Evening Sun, New York. 

A. S. Bard, Esq., who writes "Some Recollections of Clyde Fitch in College," is a 
lawyer resident in New York. 

Professor Edgar J. Swift, whose book "Learning and Doing" is reviewed in the 
Book Table, is professor of psychology and education in Washington Uni- 
versity, St. Louis. 

Professor Frederick B. Loomis, whose book "The Deseado Formation of Pata- 
gonia," is reviewed, is professor of comparative anatomy in Amherst College. 

Mr. Bruce Barton, whose book "A Young Man's Jesus" is reviewed, is with a 
publishing firm in New York City, and has written much for the periodical 
press, and also some books. 

Rev. Albert H. Plumb, whose book, "When Mayflowers Blossom" is reviewed, 
is a pastor in Oakham, Mass. 


From the Painting by William M. Chase 
Presented to Amherst College by Capt. and Mrs. William C. Fitch 



VOL. IV.— OCTOBER, 1914.— No. i 


WHEN we first entered, three years ago, on this ven- 
ture of The Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, 
our prelusive remark was that we did not deem it 
pohcy or good taste to say much about ourselves. Our 
, disinclination to do this remains as strong 

1 ne ditor s ^^ ever, no revolutionary notions of either 
policy or taste having in the meantime come 
to us. We have even kept silent about the things pleasant 
and unpleasant that others have said about us. Our readers 
may be sure, however, that these have been duly pondered 
and appreciated; we are glad also to note, with thankfulness, 
that most of them, so far as they have reached our ears, have 
been of a nature to give us much hope and courage. And 
now that we are starting on our fourth year — the Senior 
year, so to say, M^hich supposably brings wisdom — we may 
perhaps break our reticence a little, not indeed to speak 
about ourselves, but about our job; for this means descrip- 
tion not of an actual but of an ideal, and the ideal is ours in 
more than a merely editorial sense. It is the conception of 
what the editor of such a publication as this ought to adopt 
as his working-idea. 

Every magazine, I suppose, has its own public, its own 
range of endeavor, its own interrelation with readers; and in 
making up. his conception of his job the editor must keep all 
these things so intimately in mind that the working-idea 
might better be termed a continual working-consciousness. 
Our Amherst Graduates' Quarterly differs from the gen- 
eral run of magazines in this, that these various lines are more 

4 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

closely and familiarly drawn. Its Editor is purveying not 
for a fortuitous miscellany of unknown readers but for a big 
and congenial family. Consider our public, — if so domestic 
a company may be called such. As the present editor, who 
has been tolerated in Amherst since 1882, seats himself to 
write, he calls to mind thirty-two yearly groups of men, gone 
out from us yet still with us in spirit, whom he is proud to 
recognize by sight and call by their first names. He reflects 
also that each of his readers carries with him the memory of 
seven such yearly groups, and one other, with two of which — 
his class and his fraternity — he has been peculiarly intimate. 
As to our mutuality of relation, there is the interest of a com- 
mon cause and a common ideal, for us and our children, to 
make it living and strong. And as to our fitting range of in- 
terest and endeavor, — where can we set the limit except at 
the outer boundary of a liberal culture, embracing a field in 
which we can share interests with every graduate? Each one 
goes out to a specialty in life, a specialty that his individual- 
ity makes still more special; and so, not on pedagogical lines 
alone or questions of academic administration, but in the 
various ripened pursuits of life, there is a circulation of vital 
interests sharpened by personal acquaintance, a kind of pro- 
jection of college ideals into a region beyond traffic and pro- 
fessionalism where education and rounded manhood have 
become one. Nothing that belongs to such healthiness of 
culture is foreign to us. But you can see what a working- 
consciousness this imposes upon an editor who calls so many 
personal relationships to mind. 

Not a burden; a joy and an honor rather; but also an 
unescapable responsibility, which the personal relation but 
serves to enhance. Both aspects of the case were impressed 
on me very soon, — here, you see, I must be excused for 
lapsing a moment into the first person singular, in reminiscence 
of the time before the editorial abstraction had become "we." 
I found that the undergraduates, as soon as our Quarterlt 
was announced, were on the sharp lookout for it. They were 
the first to precipitate, rather abruptly, my sense of responsi- 
bility, when, in the calendar inserted in the Olio of that year, 
they noted the date of the first number with the hearty but not 

Editorial Notes 

too critical remark, ''It takes old Nungie to show us young- 
sters how." As if one who had been professor of English must 
still pose as model and arbiter, like Milton's poet who could 
not lay aside his garland and singing robes — and that too in a 
line with which he was utterly unfamiliar. On the heels of 
this came compliments from the oldsters on the "high stand- 
ard" we had set; and no wonder indeed, with Professor Wood- 
bridge's article on "The Enterprise of Learning," to strike 
the keynote. Some approved the fact that our publication 
was built rather more like a magazine and less like a bulletin 
or circular than college publications usually are. We had no 
thought especially about the matter (you see I can resume the 
"we"); the format was adopted in the simple feeling that 
good taste and readableness lay that way. So here from the 
outset was imposed upon us the problem of living up to 
certain high things generously imputed to us, as if we were 
specialists in this particular line instead of what we are, — 
green, unfledged editors, with many of our own pupils ahead 
of us in the same field. But there was this element of compen- 
sation, — the reflection that nothing was too good for the 
native honor and dignity of old Amherst. Beyond the indi- 
vidual graduate was always the college of our affection and 
care to be considered. 

When Thackeray, with his literary reputation to help him, 
became editor of the Cornhill Magazine, he was elated over 
the success of the opening numbers, and his editorial papers 
showed it; but after a few months we find him writing about 
"Thorns in the Cushion." That was still in the days of the 
Blood and Thunder school of criticism (which epithet Dr. Van 
Dyke transposes into "Thud and Blunder," with some im- 
provement in accuracy) , and he had received some pretty sav- 
age hits. In our more affable days a not infrequent query of 
ours has been, " Where are the thorns? " Our editorial chair 
has been quite mercifully spared, perhaps because its seat was 
wooden. Something of this ligneous quality, at least, seems 
to have been felt by one young alumnus (a capital fellow who 
in college called himself an archangel), who wrote that the 
chief lack of the Quarterly was what he called "pep," — 
going on then to explain what he meant, in terms considerably 

6 Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

less lucid than the original, lest a person supposedly so lit- 
erary as his correspondent should not grasp his idea. Doubt- 
less he was right. Let us introduce the "pep" as occasion calls; 
being sure, of course, that we have something to season with 
it. Another criticism, reaching me indirectly, was that the 
Quarterly, as judged in some circles, is "too darned literary 
and philosophical," — going on then to give as an instance 
the title of a piece which by other readers had been very 
warmly commended. What shall we do when doctors dis- 
agree, — and all equally skilful too? The criticism, however, 
was welcomed and laid to heart; we felt, very seriously, that 
we must be more mindful of those who are not so literary, — 
that is, so "darned" literary. It takes many sorts to make 
up a live college constituency; and those who are limited in 
one direction may have a taste and an ability that shames 
us in another. The desire that animates our job is to be 
fairly acceptable to all; and if we cannot come all the way 
to our readers, we solicit a kind disposition on their part to 
meet us half way. Thus I think our big family can get on. 

But, you see, our difficulty is to penetrate the various 
avenues of what I may call our graduate elective system. 
"We don't want such articles as so-and-so," is the plea of 
one elective, — generally those who have not elected the deeper 
matters of thought. To which we can only give the some- 
what impudent answer, "Some don't." And then again some 
do. Our readers — and contributors — are apt to elect a 
good deal according to years. The seventies and eighties, we 
may suppose, are concerned for the large educational and cul- 
tural interests of their Alma Mater; the nineties are deep in 
the practical and business activities; the noughties are not 
naughty, but still young enough to sport a fantastic costume 
at reunion and let the college wag as it will ; the oneties are the 
really wise as to what the college ought to be, especially on 
its athletic side, but as contributors modest. All these, it 
would seem, may be fit audience in their kind, and fit speakers 
for the varied welfare of Old Amherst. The Quarterly, with 
this peculiar constituency, has to assume to them such atti- 
tude as Chaucer did to his readers : 

Editorial Notes 

"And ther-fore every gentil wight I preye, 
For goddes love, demeth nat that I seye 
Of evel entente, but that I moot reherce 
Hir tales alle, be they bettre or werse, 
Or elles falsen som of my matere. 
And therfore, who-so hst it nat y-here, 
Turne over the leef, and chese another tale." 

It has been said that Punch has just one good joke in each 
number. The editor of the Quarterly, working as well as 
contributors and circumstances let him, will draw content 
if every reader finds in each new number some one thing 
worth while; and he cherishes the hope that his tolerant 
readers will find more. And let them remember that they 
are his purveyors as well as his judges. 

IN THESE strained and strenuous days one insistent subject 
swallows up all others — the European war. Our read- 
ing, our discussions, our meditations, persist in spite 
of us in coming back to this; it is as hard to keep it out of 
our affairs as it was for Mr. Dick in David 
fe^m^omneous ^opperfield to keep King Charles's head 
Posterity ^^^ ^^ ^^^ memorial. We follow its fluctu- 

ating fortunes from day to day; we sift 
out the gossip from the official reports; we try to get under 
the blue pencil of the censor; we speculate on the signifi- 
cance of each move; we try to think what each commander- 
in-chief has up his sleeve; we project our insight and our 
cherished principles onward toward the large and solving 
future. It is like watching a game; but the board and pieces 
are colossal, and with every move a world shudders and 

There are no people outside of the lands now at strife so 
intimately connected with the war as college men. They 
have travelled through these countries with the discrimina- 
tion of men of culture; have become acquainted with the 
people of all classes, educated and lay; have in multitudes of 
cases had courses of study and taken degrees there ; have often 
from their familiarity with language and customs, had to 

8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

run perilous risks as supposed sympathizers and spies. If it 
is true of the world as of the body, that when one member 
suffers all suffer with it — and never was it so true as today — 
the truth is felt with peculiar poignancy by the college and 
university man. The hurt touches us at the most sensitive 
spot, the point where we have shared sympathies and ideas, 
vital schemes of learning, civilization, and religion, with the 
mighty scholars of the world. When Eucken and Haeckel 
appeal to America to revise its judgment of their cause, it is 
to college men, men who have seen and heard them, that their 
appeal is made. 

We know from our experience with history and literature 
how long it takes to read the history of any great event as 
it is, and the greater it is the more it demands the patient 
sifting and rounding of time. A thought that comes to me 
with every newspaper is, I shall not live, perhaps none of us 
will live, to know all the inwardness and bearings of this 
event which the big scare-head so lightly misreads. It takes 
generations of research to know the significance of a great 
battle, or the life of a great man. Only posterity can know 
this terrible war as it is, in all its causes and readjustments. 
Thus time, which in the present is our implacable censor, 
becomes in the long run our interpreter. But space also may 
cooperate to some extent with time; our distance and our 
detachment lend some succinctness and clearness to the view. 
"A foreign nation," it has been said, "is a kind of contemporan- 
eous posterity." The remark was originally made <? propos 
of Byron's literary fame, which was greater and juster on 
the continent than in his own country. It is all the truer, 
perhaps, of great movements of diplomacy and history. At 
the distance which another land affords they may be seen at 
various angles and freed from the prejudices and passions 
which distort the immediate view. Tennyson uses the 
imagery of space to explain the interpreting function of 
time : — 

" Or that the past will always win 
A glory from its being far; 
And orb into the perfect star 
We saw not when we moved therein?" 

Editorial Notes 

As from our peaceful land we look across the ocean, where 
in a foul and crimson mist men are blindly fighting, 

"and in the mist 
Is many a noble deed, many a base, " 

yet at this distance and in this atmosphere we can see signs 
of a star of purpose and principle forming from the nebulous 
confusion. It has been maintained that we know infinitely 
more about what is passing in Europe than do the Europeans 
themselves; and the Europeans of all sides are presenting 
their cause to us for justification. And what is true of history 
holds also, according to our insight, of prophecy. 

Accordingly, we find ourselves constantly constructing 
horoscopes of the future, of the onward march of the forces 
that we see now in such deadly grapple in Europe. We note 
how the warring nations are behind us in some vital elements 
of civilization or ethics, or how they outrage the civilization 
in which they deem themselves ahead of us. We note what 
is lame in their thought which time and suffering must cor- 
rect; what is sound in their life which will survive to greater 
things and which we may emulate. Here again the college 
man, if any one, has the key to the principles which are des- 
tined eventually to prevail. He has studied the logic of 
events. He has shared in the philosophy and literature of 
the warring peoples, and is in position to forecast whither a 
national temperament of a certain kind, or a racial prejudice 
of a certain inveteracy, will lead. And because he is so sit- 
uated he has a mission and a duty. Amherst, in her degree, 
has a mission and a duty to contribute her part toward the 
sound and stable principles that are in time to rise on the 
foundations now being laid, or destined to be laid when the 
hindering obstructions are cleared away. 

One thing was very noteworthy as soon as the war was 
precipitated upon the world. It startled men into new and 
larger lines of thinking. We recall with relief and almost with 
shame how paltry and measly were the thoughts that the 
yellow papers were serving up to a complacent public. In a 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

trice the unsavory items of divorce and scandal and sex 
problems and suffraget antics and — Harry Thaw(!) fled from 
the first page and the big scare-head to the inside corner 
where they more properly belonged ; and the idle world which 
had been feeding on gossip and listening to phonographs and 
looking at moving pictures was suddenly set before world 
movements which dwarfed imagination, movements which 
must vitally affect all mankind and all future ages. We were 
thrown back from the insignificances of listless days to what 
was deepest in ourselves; the insight, the moral principles, the 
rehgion, the social feeling, that we cherish in the hidden parts. 
As the contemporaneous posterity of our neighbors in Europe 
we ponder these things; we confirm our inner homage to 
truth; and the thinking world is turning prophet. 

THE question here appended is not of our asking. No 
one acquainted with Amherst, if he raised the query 
at all, would saddle it with such an equivocal adverb. 
It was put to an Amherst man by a graduate of another and 
larger institution; and his qualifying word 
Becomes of ''really" seems to assume that Amherst 

Amherst Men nien, swallowed up in the activities of the 
big world-mill, must needs be rather insig- 
nificant entities by the side of other college graduates, — espe- 
cially, perhaps, graduates of the universities whose sheer 
numbers, if nothing else, would avail to advertise and com- 
mend them. The question was asked in something of the 
spirit which years ago provoked James Russell Lowell's essay 
*'0n a Certain Condescension in Foreigners"; in which bril- 
liant paper he scores the European visitors to our country 
who take on a lofty air of superiority to our customs and 
culture. It is of course no occasion for irritation, but only of 
amusement at the provincialism of the thing, when we note 
the "certain condescension" on the part of some representa- 
tives of the huge chaotic institutions, as they compare their 
hordes of promiscuous graduates with the self-respecting, 
homogeneous classes that each year emerge from our smaller 
colleges, and ask what becomes of the latter. 

Editorial Notes ii 

But the question was answered, not statistically to be 
sure; one must go through an extensive geographical and pro- 
fessional gazetteer for that ; but for the gauge and meridian of 
the inquirer. The answer had to be, in the nature of the 
case, a kind of argumentum ad hominem; but it sufficed to 
put under that ''really" something very real. It was fair and 
typical, too. For each name that figures in public station 
and service are many names of men who are vitally felt if 
not observed by the world. As the poor, unknown artist, 
inspired by a master work of Correggio, exclaimed, ''I also 
am a painter," so in multitudes of places are men who, seeing 
the names of college mates that have achieved distinction, 
can say, "I also am an Amherst man." In that fact, and in 
the spirit it connotes, is distinction enough. 

Here is the answer, sent me a few days ago in a private 
letter. "Early in the summer," the writer says, ''I had a 
rather amusing experience with an officer of Columbia Uni- 
versity (Teachers' College), whose wife also has some official 
connection with the Ijistitution — both being graduates of 
Cornell and much obsessed with the 'vocational' idea. After 
poking some fun at the ' 85 idea ' and asking if Amherst really 
intended to retrograde to the middle ages, he asked what 
really becomes of Amherst men — do they go into business 
or what? For a wonder my wits were less sluggish than 
usual, and I told him that several years ago the Sun (which 
then numbered on its staff seven or eight Amherst men, in- 
cluding Kellogg, Mallon, Clarke, and Armstrong) stated that 
New York City was at that time being 'amused, abused, and 
purified by three Amherst men — Fitch, Parkhurst, and Jer- 
ome.' Later, when a change in purifiers was made, they 
chose Whitman, '90. But as my questioner was connected 
with Columbia, I thought he would be interested to know 
that the Academic Dean for thirty years was Burgess — who, 
when he became Exchange Professor at Berlin, was succeeded 
as Dean by F. J. E. Woodbridge; that their present excellent 
Dean of law department was an Amherst man — succeeding 
another Amherst man in that position; that the political 
economist chosen to investigate the New York Stock Ex- 

12 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

change was Clark of Amherst; and that their leading man in 
sociology, after making a thorough investigation for Gaynor 
of the New York public school system, was called to China 
to get up a constitution for that Republic, and while still 
there was chosen President of Johns Hopkins — F. J. Good- 
now,'79; that a former president of Johns Hopkins had referred 
to the Amherst men on his faculty as 'my seven wise men'; 
that when Columbia began to use the Pulitzer bequest and 
started the School of Journalism, the Dean of that school was 
Talcott Williams, also of Amherst. 

"That had the desired effect. If it had not, I should have 
told him of the equally remarkable Amherst situation in Prov- 
idence, R. I., a few years ago." 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 13 



UNDER the general title of "history" more than thirty 
papers have been read at annual and Amherst re- 
unions of the Amherst College Class of '84. Consid- 
ered in the large, this unbroken series, put forth year after 
year for three decades, forms a remarkable and illuminating 
diary of the interwoven lives of a rather exceptional college 

It is now evident that the histories of '84, manifestly imma- 
ture at the beginning, in some measure present our point of 
view at the particular period in which each was written. 
Ranging from grave to gay, from the fanciful to the practical, 
as a whole they record the progress through life of a band of 
devoted friends who are traveling together from youth to 
old age. As our histories stand upon my book shelves in- 
cluded in five volumes of Class Annals, I find that they pre- 
sent a large and cheerful philosophy, tender and courageous, 
which widens and mellows as the old boys change. 

The purpose of this paper is to voice some of your maturer 
impressions as we meet in the old College home for the thir- 
tieth anniversary of the graduation of '84. What, then, shall 
I record for you in this class diary of ours? 

Most of us who retain fair health will not admit that we 
feel any older than we did thirty years ago. We are likely, 
indeed, to go further, and insist that with minds well trained, 
judgment matured, and being now experienced in many 
weighty matters, we are infinitely more effective than ever 
before. Of course I agree with you, and yet in the privacy 
of this family circle let us freely admit that we have changed. 

Thirty years ago this week we trod these old familiar walks, 
and occupied the center of the Commencement stage. The 
college mother is so unchanging that it is hard to realize how 
rapidly the years have passed, — hard also to realize that the 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

same June sun looked down upon us as boys in that far off 
'84; that the shadows through the new green leaves swayed 
upon the soft grass then just as they do today; and that 
nature, changeless while we change, in trees and crops and 
flowers follows her age-old rounds. The stately river across 
the valley, which to many of us flowed by the city of our 
dreams, and which we saw in our youth at sunset and beneath 
the stars, revisited today, is still flowing silently toward the 
sea between famiUar banks of green. Here in the old col- 
lege town it was much the same in '84 as it is in 1914. The 
same air of studies laid aside, of work done, of welcome, of 
festivity; the same Commencement throngs of old and young. 

And yet there is a sobering difference as we look across that 
gap of thirty years. Where are they who followed so proudly 
our eager steps? How many still remain of the fathers and 
mothers who gathered thirty years ago, to see us formally 
entered in the world's race, and who in our happiness and 
achievement felt repaid for anxiety and effort? Where are 
the dear girls we summoned from everywhere to our gradua- 
tion, who watched us so proudly at the Ivy, the Grove, and 
College Hall, and with whom we danced and spooned? 

Of that great company who assembled under the glad sun- 
light of our June, twenty of our number and most of our elders 
have gone to their reward. A multitude of others have 
passed below our horizon. Some of the girls who attended 
that far-off Commencement are the wives of '84, some are the 
wives of other fellows, and all who are living are sedate women 
of middle age. 

To most of us during this eventful thirty years has come 
the great experience of life; we have clasped the child who 
was flesh of our flesh, taught and fashioned young lives, 
watched growth to maturity, and not a few of us already have 
followed sons and daughters through the exercises of their 
graduation. Thus in place of the dear ones of the generation 
above us, who made our triumph sweet in those soft June 
days of '84, and who for the most part have gone to their 
rest, there are others — undreamed of then, wrapped then, 
indeed, in the unfolded mantle of the future, — but who now 
with eager, hurrying steps press forward to the great adven- 
ture. We have emerged upon the table lands of life. There 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 15 

are few above us. We stand today where our parents stood 
in that far off June of '84. 

Prior to the age of thirty or thirty-five, Uke children who 
play contentedly in a locked garden, we give small heed to 
the rapid passage of the years. Then we notice the padlock on 
the gate. There comes a sudden realization of the pitiless 
limitations of life, and often this first appreciation is attended 
by some degree of bitterness. 

Twenty years ago the power of change and time had begun 
to impress us. About that time a bit of verse was inflicted 
on you, which I imagine you thought was merely an exhibi- 
tion of "blues." That at least was my opinion. You and I 
promptly forgot the rhyme, which had principally this sig- 
nificance : it was youth's first reahzation of helplessness : — 

And year by year the month of June shall yield 
The matchless verdure of the distant field, 
The orchard's bloom, the sunlit joys of spring, 
And deeps of blue that June alone can bring; 
And year by year the college mother calls 
For us, her sons, to rest within her halls. 
But what of those whose young blood courses fast? 
Tho' Junes return, the young blood can not last. 

But the point of view of twenty years ago is not the point 
of view of today. As the fires burn a Uttle less brightly, as 
life begins to show its normal fruition, we grow more philo- 
sophical, as indeed the Master of Life intends that we shall. 
This very change, however, admonishes against too much 
appeal to sentiment and against overdoses of intensity. Since 
we tend more and more to excess of cares and troubles, does 
not the golden mean of life at our age consist in this: To 
keep the balance as even as we can between things grave and 
things gay? 

In the Catalogue of Amherst College issued in the autumn 
of 1880 the Freshman Class was given as numbering 82. 
More than half of the class, or 43, were residents of Massa- 
chusetts, all New England claimed 59, or almost three-quarters 
of the total number; from New York came 12; so that although 
reporting residence in 12 states and 3 foreign countries, New 

i6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

England and New York State contributed as first officially 
listed, about 87% of '84. Of that number 16 dropped out be- 
fore the college course was completed, and those who have 
died number also 16. Our official number in Sophomore 
year was 86; Junior year, 81; Senior year, 79. 

In 1914, after the lapse of thirty-four years, those members 
of the class now living who were recorded in the '80 Catalogue, 
together with all those living who entered college later in the 
course, and also our adopted classmate Low, number 79. 
Since we have lost 20 members by death, '84 numbered in 
all, 99. 

Our geographical location has changed somewhat. We 
now live in seventeen states, but thirty-six of our number or 
slightly less than one-half, reside in New England, twenty-one 
more reside in the Eastern seaboard states of New York, New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. So that the proportion 
has changed significantly little in thirty-four years. Seventy- 
five of us are or have been married, and of this number most 
of us are parents. In fact, the second generation of '84 num- 
bers about 125. 

As a retired statistician I ought to avoid estimates, but 
there are one or two audacious statistical guesses I propose at 
this point to make for you. 

At the period during which we of '84 were passing through 
college the average yearly income or allowance of Amherst 
students did not exceed $600. The average at Williams in 
1885, as reported in 1914 by President Garfield was $632. 
The average college membership of '84 was 82. Accepting 
$600 as the average income, the amount of money required 
per annum for the support of the class was $49,200. In other 
words, it required the equivalent of the income upon an in- 
vestment of about one million dollars during our four year 
course to educate and maintain the class of '84. Graduation 
transformed some of our earning power from the potential 
and preparatory to the actual, but the first year or so of active 
work probably did not yield to those of us who became wage 
earners at once, an average income much larger than that 
provided for us by others during the collegiate period. In 
my own case, I earned $750 during my first year out of col- 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 17 

lege and $1,000 during the second. I presume these amounts 
suggest the average of the other wage earners. 

There were, however, about forty, or half of the average 
membership of '84, who by reason of professional studies 
continued non-productive for at least two years longer. Hence 
upon the theoretical endowment of one million dollars re- 
quired to yield a sufficient return to educate us, we earned in 
the first year out of college perhaps 3%, in the second, 4%, 
and in the third, when practically all of us were at least self- 
supporting, we earned probably not over 10%. 

After the lapse of thirty years what is our relation to that 
theoretical million dollar endowment? Of course one can 
only speculate concerning the present income of '84. More- 
over, sixteen of our Freshman membership included in the 
early calculation have gone to their long rest. To adjust 
their relationship to the endowment would require the ser- 
vices of an actuary. There remains possible, however, an 
interesting computation. If you agree to the base as reason- 
able the conclusion has a general value. 

Omitting nearly all consideration of the completely un- 
known factor of accumulated or inherited funds, inspection 
of the present class list and a rough estimate of the probable 
annual income of each classmate with two or three exceptions, 
either because completely unknown or unlikely to cause a 
misleading average, results in an average income of $3660. 

It must be remembered that had we, in the autumn of 
1880, declined to enter college and had all of us hunted up jobs 
as humble hustlers, such as farm hands, errand boys, grocery 
clerks, and bank messengers, we should now be enjoying vari- 
ous degrees of prosperity. In that event would the human 
units composing '84 show in 1914 an average income of ap- 
proximately $3600? My guess would be that without our 
college experience, our average income would be decidedly 
less than that which we actually enjoy. 

It is obvious that we of '84 long ago paid back that theoret- 
ical million dollar investment in college students. More- 
over, there is reason to believe that if we include the entire 
class and all our accumulated resources, '84 brains and energy 
yield in this ripe period of life a fair return upon the equivalent 
of a capitahzation of $10,000,000. Assault upon these sug- 

i8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

gested figures produces, I observe, but slight variations. 
Consequently two interesting general conclusions seem to be 

First, to educate '84 it required the equivalent of the in- 
come from about one milHon dollars for four years at least. 
By the third year out of college '84 was beginning to pay back 
the debt, to the amount of whatever increment over 5% 
could be attributed for any reason whatever to the advan- 
tages derived from college and professional courses. 

Second, the class of '84 having secured in effect, a temporary 
loan for college and professional education, and having repaid 
the loan from the results of these experiences, today represents 
a total accumulated income or earning value of nearly half 
a million dollars annually. 

Surely no better achievement can be expected from a sim- 
ilar number of American men of our period. In fact, greater 
average prosperity would be surprising. 

To sum up this excursion into the partly speculative, the 
education of '84 was not a handicap, as some today would 
have us believe, but seems immensely to have helped us in a 
material sense. But if we concede that it was of no practical 
assistance, assuredly we are here today possessing a comfort- 
able average prosperity, and after thirty years of experience 
we are prepared to agree that our four years together in this 
old college town set forces, memories, and relationships in 
operation which have beautified and sweetened our long exist- 
ence. Moreover, by their continuing power they have proved 
one of the most potent factors in our several lives; factors 
which have helped to make hfe thoroughly worth living. If 
this conclusion voices your mature opinion, who can ask if a 
college course is worth while? 

That is not all. When arguments over the wisdom or un- 
wisdom of a college education, especially for boys who are 
destined for business careers, have been marshaled on oppos- 
ing sides, there remains one central fact : the eddying currents 
of our complex modern life make material success far more 
uncertain than it was half a century ago. It is becoming 
more and more important for our individual self-defense, to 
be equipped early with the conviction that there are other 
things in the world besides money. This conviction the col- 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 19 

lege boy may secure. We of '84 possess this philosophic 
attitude. It was our inheritance from the college mother. 
Our unique class relationship has fostered it. 

Had some prophetic stranger attending the '84 Commence- 
ment drawn aside any one of those members of our class who 
are least prosperous today, and said to him, ''My boy, here 
is a forecast of your future: You will earn about a thousand 
dollars a year for the first few years out of college. You will 
then have many years of ups and downs and hopes not rea- 
lized; thirty years after graduation you will still be earning 
only a modest income, barely sufficient for your wants," 
doubtless the ambitious son of '84 would have been justly 
indignant. He would have retorted that all the possibilities 
of life lay before him and he proposed to compel success. Yet 
after thirty years a good many of us are still far from reach- 
ing the goal that in our youth we set for om'selves. What is 
more, we are realizing now that that goal may never be 
reached. Here, you see, comes in our thirty-year philosophy 
and with it that priceless inheritance of ours, — the capacity 
to know that wealth in itself is no goal at all. 

Thus far we have all lived busy Uves and most all of us 
have been of some real use in the world. Even those of us 
with the slenderest incomes have founded homes and reared 
famihes and given our children the advantages of education 
equal to that which we ourselves received. Well, are not 
those the mountain tops of life? WTiat more? Smile then 
at the vanishing dream of your youth that a fortune some 
day would be yours. 

Brother of '84, if the dream of success has not materiahzed 
for you and for me by this, our thirtieth anniversary of gradu- 
ation, know that the days beyond hold far less hope of its 
realization than did the days which have passed. Yet be not 
discouraged. By all the highest standards of life you and I 
have won. Yea, more: We may be gentler and more sympa- 
thetic in our homes, simpler and better citizens, more devoted 
comrades, than if great wealth had crowned our effort. I 
am not hurling rounded sentences at the unsealed wall, suc- 
cess. We have won in unexpected ways. This world over- 
flows with compensations. Nature is forever making losses 
good. Together once more in the old college home, hallowed 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

by memory, and under the mellowing influence now of a 
broadening philosophy of middle life, shall we not admit that 
success after all has not depended upon getting all the things 
we clamored for early in our careers? Then let us go further 
and admit with the seeming failures have come quahties of 
strength and self-denial that probably would not have been 
ours had our dreams come true. You remember it was a 
thought such as this expressed in the Legend Beautiful, when 
the waiting Angel said to the monk upon his return to the 

"Hadst thou stayed, I must have fled." 

In truth life holds out to all of us many agreeable things. 
The uplands of middle age reveal enjoyable stretches. We 
err, indeed, by continuing to maintain such a momentum of 
activity that we fail to see all the beauties of the country 
through which we pass. The chap who bought a barrel of 
apples and kept selecting for use the partially decayed ones 
to prevent their loss was always eating rotten apples. This 
would be no philosophy at all if it did not urge at this period 
of life, that we eat a few sound apples. Let us secure all the 
advantages possible from the fruits of effort while there is 
yet full capacity for enjoyment. Let us not leave our vaca- 
tion until we take a long one in a wheeled chair at Atlantic 
City with a negro pushing us. We urgently need a more 
frequent day off, while old age and his basketful of aches and 
ills is still some distance down the road of life. Forget not 
that time has a beastly way of increasing speed at this period. 
As yet, however, we respond pleasantly to a dash of stimulant, 
though a trifle slowly — now. Assuredly we are not yet 
toothless, aged widowers looking about to secure some dis- 
couraged spinster or widow weak enough to put up even with 
''old us." Some other historian of '84, at some future day, 
may record some of you in that role. When that happens 
perhaps it will resemble the experience of my old friend. 
Major Rowell of Richmond. He was a typical Virginian and 
had been a Confederate Cavalryman. I came to know him 
well, so that he dropped in upon me frequently in the old 
days in Washington and mixed reminiscences, poHtics, and 
high balls. The Major was an agreeable man of limited 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 21 

resources who had made several matrimonial investments and 
was at that time again a widower. In a rash moment, inex- 
cusable in a man of his experience except that the pinch of 
poverty was growing a bit pronounced, he had become en- 
gaged to an elderly maiden of the bluest Jeffersonian lineage 
residing near the Potomac, — just below Mt. Vernon. 

One evening, in fact rather late one evening, the Major 
dropped in on me. He entered in unusually ceremonious 
fashion, selected the hardest and straightest backed chair in 
the room, and surveyed me in gloomy silence. I offered a 
cigar. He declined it. 

Somewhat concerned at this unusual manifestation, I 
begged him, if in trouble, to confide in me. At length he 
broke the silence. "William, I am to be married tomorrow." 

*'Is that all, Major? You have been through events of 
that sort often enough to be philosophical, surely." 

"In Norfolk, tomorrow evening, sir." 

"Major, I congratulate you. A man as he advances in 
years needs a companion, and from all I hear you have chosen 

Another annoying silence ensued. "After all," I resumed, 
in a generalizing and conciliatory tone, "a man ought to be 
married. He ought not to be willing to live single." 

Another silence, much worse than before. Finally I tried 
reminiscence. I inquired about the characteristics of the 
first late Mrs. Rowell, and then concerning those of the sec- 
ond late Mrs. Rowell. It is seldom, however, that one sees 
a fellow human in such a state of extreme dejection as that 
which enveloped the Major. Nothing that I could say, 
jocose or sympathetic, aroused my friend from his unhappy 
state. Twice he repeated as though partly to force the rea- 
hzation upon himself, "Norfolk, tomorrow evening," and 
then relapsed into inattentive silence. Norfolk and the 
following evening seemed to be a trumpet call to the gallows. 

In silence I set forth the bottle as a fully justified medicinal 
agent, poured out a generous portion, added a drop of seltzer 
and passed the glass to my unhappy friend. He accepted it, 
though with an unnatural reluctance. 

From this application there was no visible effect. It would 
have dulled a knife to have sliced the gloom. When the 

22 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Major's glass was drained, I refilled it. Once more he con- 
sumed the contents. Still silence. With great and increas- 
ing concern, I poured for him another. 

Having at length absorbed the last drop of the third high 
ball the Major stirred uneasily, arose, selected a cigar, and 
lighting it, resumed his seat and adjusted his glasses. It 
seemed to me that the fog banks were lifting. 

"Have you ever observed that there is a sort of rough but 
marvelous harmony in the life of man? " he inquired. "Well," 
I responded cautiously, "I presume there is, but you speak 
in such general terms." 

"I may illustrate, sir, by my own career. My first wife 
was born and raised by the Rappahannock, my second wife 
came from the James River, my third wife comes from the 
Potomac. Damn me, sir, if I keep on I shall marry all the 
water courses in Virginia!" 

The Major smiled a genial, pervasive smile. Produce of 
the third high ball. Fog bank swept out to sea. 

Physically, we of '84 are bearing the handicap of thirty 
years with considerable success, though had our parents 
attending the '84 Commencement passed us on the street 
there is grave doubt whether they would have recognized 
their offspring as we appear today. We do not whistle and 
sing when we arise in the morning; nevertheless after a bath, 
a few exercise stunts and a cup of hot coffee, we feel reason- 
ably spry. Our shapes are holding fairly well, but the base- 
ment shows an increasing tendency to what Wheeler used 
to call "em bun punt." Our legs continue quite agile, but 
we are a bit short of breath when over-exerting. We dislike 
to rummage under the bed for collar buttons and nowadays 
we seldom polish our own shoes. With increasing solicitude 
we marshal the remaining able-bodied spears of hair in oppos- 
ing lines on both sides of the spacious plaza that was once a 
"part." In apparel we continue reasonably careful, but we 
are growing partial to favorite old coats and battered hats 
of uncertain age. Some of our faithful friends in the head- 
gear class shock our families, and when we joyously appear 
in a headpiece we bought years ago in Toronto or London, 
and which we really love tenderly, there are murmm-ings of 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 23 

rebellion. We are usually docile and easily controlled, but 
this hat business is too near our hearts and we are very em- 
phatic until at length suspicious odors from the kitchen range 
indicate that extreme measures have been adopted to hold 
us down and prevent us from making spectacles of ourselves. 

In fact, at this period of life you are not quite so important 
as you would like to believe you are. There was that best 
dress suit of yours. Of course you bought it eleven years 
ago, but it is still perfectly sound of wind and limb and you 
delight in the fact that it is still an excellent fit. It was only, 
however, by the merest chance and the narrowest margin 
of time that you rescued these precious garments of society 
from a rummage sale. The shock of it is with you yet. 

Thus we are being crowded a little toward the wall in the 
matter of personal independence, but we are taking it phil- 

This is the period of life when all the family, including 
your wife, begins to call you " father." Your personal pecu- 
liarities crop out a little more frequently and a little more 
aggressively than of yore. Your good wife has increasing 
occasion to admonish you about spots on your waistcoat, 
and especially about your carelessness in making social errors. 
You spend the evening at a friend's house, tell a few choice 
anecdotes and you are beginning really to enjoy yourself, 
when you catch the signal for an inshoot from the companion 
of your bosom acquainting you with the fact that you are 
knocking cigar ashes into the bonbon dish. Later she inti- 
mates that you should prune your stories, for you are getting 
very diffuse. ''You must be careful, dear," she adds kindly, 
"for people will think you are prosy." Of course you can 
discount such comment. Lectures of that variety from that 
source are not a startling novelty, but really it is something 
of a jolt after you have made a few remarks to your daughter, 
called forth by social matters, to overhear her say to her 
best friend, ''Of course dad is a love of an old man and all 
that, but really, my dear, he is getting more eccentric every 

There is one individual in the community who regards men 
of our time with increasing interest. Most of us have been 

24 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

a poor investment thus far for the doctor. Barring the 
period when the babies came, or having come, when they fell 
victims to infantile maladies, no physician could rear his 
family and buy automobiles from the fees he secured from 
us. This is changing somewhat. You are beginning to pay 
more attention to aches and pains. They might be symptoms. 
Last fall you were troubled over a suggestion of nervous 
prostration — a man's nerves will give way after a while, 
you know, and the doctor was most sympathetic and help- 
ful. He told you to come back Tuesdays and Saturdays for 
electrical treatment. You went. In February you had the 
grip. The doctor dropped in frequently. At your age a 
fellow must be on his guard against pneumonia. A crick in 
the back in March caused you some concern as to possible 
complications, and in April a nomadic pain, now in your 
shoulder blade and anon in your knee joint, made you a bit 
apprehensive of rheumatism. Just now you are being treated 
for that old enemy of yours, indigestion; not serious, you 
know, but just as well not to let it get a strangle hold. 

And so the doctor regards you with interest. It will in- 
crease as the years pass. You will grow to know the learned 
man better; you will get the habit of telephoning for him, 
and the color of your money will be a familiar sight to this 
genial friend, until the last remittance to him is made by 
your executor. 

But if we frankly admit that we are no longer young, re- 
member there is a powerful difference in kinds even of old 
men, to say nothing of the middle-aged. At this point a 
conspicuous truism crept into this manuscript. I have delib- 
erately omitted to blue pencil it. There are young men and 
old men, and old young men and young old men. We of '84 
never were sedate. In the old days they called us the "fresh- 
est" class that had ever entered Amherst. I incline to be- 
heve, however, that after long maturing, the college class to 
which the term "fresh" is applied in the end proves the best. 
We can recall now with amusement the extravagant class 
enthusiasm of our youth which must have been distressingly 
tiresome to other classes. It was a combination of patriot- 
ism and brag summed up in one of our bubbhng rhymes of 
twenty odd years ago : 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 25 

So heave aloft your glass 

To Amherst's finest class 
No other now Uving can beat it — 

If there's any old cake 

Eighty-four cannot take — 
We'll appoint a Committee to eat it! 

It is thus not surprising that we age slowly; in our feelings 
we shall stay young late. The sentiment of good fellow- 
ship, the capacity to sit in the game with your comrades, 
war valiantly against the inroads of time. You and I may 
reserve our vacation for that confounded wheeled chair on 
the Boardwalk at Atlantic City, propelled by a lazy negro, 
but it is ten to one that the sense of comradeship and the 
'84 heart will need no propulsion by anybody. 

Here I am reminded of a final contribution from this pen 
to our collection of songs. To write an '84 song was once 
easy — in terms grave or gay; but this individual's capacity 
to produce songs is about gone. There is, however, a sort of 
one left. It is a kind of posthumous contribution, like 
a final word from the deceased Dickens or Longfellow or 

A dozen years ago, on a train from New York to Wash- 
ington, this person had an idea and jotted it down on the back 
of a circular. It was promptly forgotten, but last month 
the circular and the jotting came to light. A class history, 
so called, by this son of '84 would violate precedent if it 
launched no new song, so the discovery proved a sort of spe- 
cial Providence, and here it is, breathing carefree joUity 
quite beyond my capacity to commit to paper now. I have 
tinkered it a bit, to hitch on a decade, and at least am avoid- 
ing a break in the old custom of a new song given away with 
every history. Cheer up, however, for we will agree it shall 
be the last to be inflicted on you by this particular offender: 

Air: "My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean" 

Climb up in your memory's steeple 

And start a new tune on your chimes. 
We're doing first-rate for old people, 

But sure we need bracing at times. 

26 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Drink, drink, drink, drink, oh drink 
To old Amherst's best class (Eighty-four). 

It's biscuits to bet against buttons, 

It's dollars to wager on dimes 
That we can be frisky old muttons 

When memory hits up the chimes, — 

Once more, once more, oh drink 
To old Amherst's best class — Eighty-four. 

We're jolly old duffers at fifty. 

And if we're permitted to stay 
We'll be jolly old duffers at sixty — 

Bedad — it is well on the way! 


The world is moth-eaten and dusty. 

There's only one thing that's the same, 
And that is the bunch of old duffers 

Who sit in the Eighty-four game. 


We should fail in a high privilege as well as in an evident 
duty if we made no loving mention of those who have passed. 
Since we last gathered here, in 1909, four of our number, 
Appleton, Parker, Crocker, and Winslow, have completed 
their earthly experience. Of these, two were with us at the 
Twenty-fifth Reunion, and one of them, Parker, was a leader 
in all the joys of that gathering. As W. W. Story observes 
in one of his letters, "The links of the golden chain break off 
one after another, — and this is the curse of growing old — 
or rather one of the curses, for there are many." Though 
words may be few, thoughts are many of these dear com- 
rades and of the others of that now numerous company. 
They are with us again in memory in this old college home. 

After the death of our classmate, Edward Dickinson, in 
1898, his friend, Wm. H. McElroy, published a tribute to 
him in the New York Tribune. Nothing finer has appeared 
in our class literature. Mr. McElroy applied to Dickinson a 
stanza from Lowell's stately ode, but now that the comrades 
who have passed beyond our sight have become such a num- 
erous and knightly company, I think you wish me tonight to 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 27 

exercise the privilege of extending the appUcation of Low- 
ell's majestic sentiment from one loved classmate to twenty: 

"I see them muster in a gleaming row, 
With ever-youthful brows that nobler show; 
We find in our dull round their shining track; 

In every nobler mood 
We feel the orient of their spirit glow, 
Part of our life's unalterable good, 
Of all our sainther aspiration; 
They come transfigured back. 
Secure from change in their high-hearted ways, 
Beautiful evermore, and with the rays 
Of morn on their white Shields of Expectation!" 

Among the mysteries of the Universe, none is greater and 
more impressive than the determination of when and where 
we human units spring into being in the long procession of 
the ages. 

"From creation to decay 
Like the bubbles on a river, 
Sparkling, bursting, borne away." 

The particular souls composing this loyal company of '84 
had the privilege of existence in a period of peace and of in- 
tellectual fruition. It might have happened that all of us of 
'84 had come into being half a millennium ago. In this age 
we are all engaged in constructive and peaceful pursuits, 
but the naturally lively and aggressive temperaments we 
possess would have impelled most of us, in the year 1414 
away from the guilds of linen drapers and money changers 
into the wars constantly raging at that period. Thus, while 
some of us would have been monks, most of us, I incline to 
think, would have followed the standard of King Henry V, 
possibly as small landholders with a few followers of our 
own, or more likely merely as soldiers of fortune under the 
pennant of some warlike earl. Hence, if we had Hved our 
lives five centuries ago, we should have spent them in some 
form of turbulence and destruction with battle-axe, torch, 
and harquebus, perhaps falling at Agincourt or routed by Joan 
of Arc. 

We have been more fortunate. Our bubble of life has 
sparkled, as Shelley phrased it, in an age of general and long 
continued peace, in which mankind has applied united power 

28 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

to constructive enterprise, and to searching out the wonders 
of the natural world. In consequence the thirty-four years 
which have elapsed since we entered college have proved the 
most fruitful possibly in all history. Four years before we 
entered college I looked with boyish interest at the electrical 
exhibits at the Centennial Exposition. They comprised all 
the then practical uses of electricity, which were nearly noth- 
ing, and occupied but a few square feet. Today electric- 
ity is the willing servant of the nation. It lights, heats, and 
transports us, drives our machinery, cooks for us, heals our 
diseases, and executes our criminals. 

In rapid succession during these thirty-four years have 
come innumerable epoch-making discoveries; the bicycle 
and motor car, the X-ray, radium, that substance of mystery 
and still unexplored power, and the conquest of the realm 
of the air by wireless telegraphy and the aeroplane. In 1880 
the telephone was not in use. It has since revolutionized 
business and society. Meantime our own nation has mul- 
tiplied one hundred fold in population — adding another 
fifty millions to the fifty already here in 1880. and to the 
sixty billions of dollars of national wealth the incomprehensible 
sum of ninety billions more has been added. In Senator 
Lodge's delightful volume "Early Memories," recently pub- 
lished, he sums up these marvelous changes with this comment : 

''To any man who has lived beyond middle age the altera- 
tions which he has witnessed and the contrasts between the 
world he knows and that in which he began life must be, and 
at almost any period of human history must have always been, 
very apparent. How much more startling, and how much 
more profound and far-reaching when the years cover the 
birth and growth of new conditions more extreme in their 
meaning and effects than any which have occurred in man's 
environment within historic times. The men and women 
born between 1830 and 1870 who still hve have passed through 
this period, and unconsciously for the most part, have watched 
these bewildering metamorphoses come and have beheld the 
new order establish itself." 

In all this majestic readjustment, we, of '84, have borne 
our part staunchly. We may not have been unmatched 
geniuses or great leaders, but neither have we been mere 

Thirty-Year Philosophy 29 

followers. In the imperial legions of our age, seeking the 
dominion of brain over brute force and ignorance, at least 
we have been centurions, having authority, and bearing our- 
selves well in camp and field. 

And if, already, we can see before us the final campaigns 
of our long and arduous service in many lines of high en- 
deavor, shall we repine? There are indications that the next 
period may be more vexed and less desirable than our own. 
Clouds mass upon a wide horizon which was clear in our early 
years. Problems of labor, wealth, ambition, religion, and 
mere population press upon us. We are hurrying forward 
at increasing speed without time for deliberation in politics, 
literature, or legislation; we are in too much of a hurry even 
to think to conclusions. Yet we are not pessimists. Though 
they bulk large against the future, we expect our successors 
to meet bravely and solve successfully the problems of their 

So it is good to have lived when and where we of '84 have 
lived. Were the opportunity ours, few of us would be will- 
ing to change much in our respective fives. 

There is, indeed, a vague resemblance between our reflec- 
tions as we of '84 contemplate the old home after long years 
of absence and effort, continental in extent, and some of those 
which Tennyson makes the returning lover express in Locks- 
ley Hall. After years of world wandering, he has come back, 
you remember, to the old mansion which held the love and 
the dreams of his youth. He lies upon the cliff and looks 
off upon sky and sea and the towers of Locksley Hall about 
which, as of old, the rooks are circling. Realization of his 
own failure, which he begins by voicing, is lost in the greater 
realization of the vast and majestic progress of the race and the 
age. Tonight as we, the returning wanderers of '84, look upon 
the old home from the vantage point of thirty years, shall 
we not also share the poet's prophetic vision? 

"Yet I doubt not through the ages one increasing purpose runs, 
And the thoughts of men are widened with the process of the suns. 
Not in vain, the distance beacons, forward, forward let us range! 
Let the great world spin forever down the ringing grooves of change." 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

TO H. G. G. 


[See the poem, " Hackensack Meadows," by Harry Greenwood Grover in the 
last number of the Quarterly, page 252.] 

UNTO the poet of the Hackensack; 
Finder of lurking charm in dayUght things ; 
Defender of the dignity of words ; 
Preserver of such simile as makes 
Sohrab and Rustum plain like children's thoughts; 
Sweet voice that sings the brown and bloom that with 
The shift of wind and sky and slant of sun 
Make Jersey flats a miracle of mire, 
An unmonotonous canvas for God 
To paint new dreams upon (who loves to tone 
Pure beauty down, to line it out and rim 
It round with colored mud and sluggish streaks 
Of streams, to daub it here and there with spots 
Of acre size agleam with weeds in bloom) ; — 
Unto my friend with whom I bore a torch 
Aloft (to dim the stars!) and searched for God 
And stumbled less and less because of him; 
Unto my friend of silent years and face 
Unseen since then; unto a poet grown 
To great stature of soul, bigness of heart 
And sure fertility for every seed 
Of beauty God hath pleased to plant in him; 
From out the place where first we met, two boys, 
I send this word: The hand may wound; the heart 
Must love — and love him more and more. 

The Amherst Illustrious 31 

Cfie aml)er0t Illixmiom 



WHEN Clyde Fitch, only four-and-forty, died at 
Chalons-sur-Marne in 1909, closely following an 
operation for appendicitis, he left a record that is 
still unique among Amherst graduates. His career was 
hardly less exceptional among writers for the American stage, 
who were then just beginning to gain a hearing. Other men of 
other colleges have since found an open door to the drama. 
It was Fitch who largely discovered or created a public for 
them, and who began an evolution of native talent and taste, 
in the twenty years of his brief activity. When he began 
writing, the percentage of American plays produced in a 
season was very small, and the characters were often Amer- 
ican in name only. When he stopped, the annual percentage 
of native dramas far exceeded those imported from abroad. 

It was sometimes said that not one of his amazing output 
of fifty-six plays upon the pomp and vanities of a frivolous 
world was destined to survive. Yet no fewer than thirty- 
six plots were original with him, and all but one after 1900 
dealt with American themes. Wherever the old ''stock 
companies" are acting today, the works of Fitch may still 
be seen. The extent of royalties paid to his estate, in charge 
of Alfred Symons, his lawyer, might tell their lasting worth. 
A recent revival of ''The Truth" in New York has reopened 
the question. This study of a young woman who lied for 
the sake of lying was his "best acting play." It was years 
in advance of the present feminist emancipation, and it was 
also Fitch's most serious view of life's real drama, if we except 
a posthumous production of "The City," his most mascu- 
line work, that showed up a man in his true colors among 
the moral hypocrites of a typical town called Middleburg. 

32 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Present day critics admit that, though ''The Truth" was 
once a failure in New York, it was a success in all other Amer- 
ican cities, as well as several in England, Germany, and Italy. 
As James Metcalfe of Life put it lately, the reversal of judg- 
ment everywhere else was a curious commentary on the snap 
verdict of Broadway. How greatly the metropolis delighted 
in his lighter presentations of men and manners was shown 
in the reward of years of toil. Yet he wrote for love of the 
work. Never a seeker of shekels. Fitch made more money 
and achieved more reputation than any American playwright 
before or since. He "was always ready with a laugh." In 
the historic ''Nathan Hale," that hero's living kinsman, 
E. E. Hale, Jr., has confessed himself irritated by the "silly 
stage foolery of the New London schoolhouse, and the offen- 
sive stage drunkenness and brutalism of the British army." 
Yet Norman Hapgood declared that in this work. Fitch came 
"excitingly near" to making the first American tragedy. 

His historical plays have deftness and grace in the place 
of all the rant and bombast of old-fashioned tragedies. A 
stern censor like J. Ranken Towse of the Post felt "Nathan 
Hale" to be redeemed by a simple and dignified closing scene. 
"Barbara Frietchie," with its precociously young heroine, 
showed fertile invention of incident in harmony with the 
Civil War period, while the Revolutionary "Major Andre," 
which "plays havoc with history," according to the Nation 
was for the most part ingenious, sympathetic, atmospherically 
veracious and capable. Of Heme, Belasco, Gillette, Howard 
Thomas, and other veritists, what more will there be to say? 

But it was in the humor of his own day, unconsciously re- 
flected in one after another of his most carelessly spontaneous 
creations, that Clyde Fitch tapped a gold mine. In the long 
array of productions, often five and six in a year, as Walter 
Eaton, then of the Sun, wrote in a magazine review, there will 
be found a varied record of the foibles and fashions of the 
hour, "the turns of speech which characterized the fleeting 
seasons, our little local ways of looking at things, the popular 
songs we were singing, the topics which were uppermost in 
our social chat, our taste in decoration, our amusements, 
the deeper interests, even, of our leisured classes, and always a 
portrait gallery of vividly drawn minor characters of great 
historic interest." 

The Amherst Illustrious 33 

Supplement the texts and stage directions of Fitch's plays, 
said this appreciative New York critic, with a collection of 
flashlight photographs of the original productions, to picture 
the costumes and settings, — ''a collection of such photo- 
graphs would be of great value to any historical library," — 
and they will afford, twenty, fifty, a hundred years hence, 
"a more authentic and vivid record of our American life 
from 1890 to 1910, so far as it was lived in the gayer parts of 
town, than any other documents, whether the files of news- 
papers or the fiction of the hour." It was Ruskin who long 
ago pointed out that the only ''historical painting" which 
will have value for our descendants is our record of our own 

Growing out of this very grasp of living persons and events 
was the closely related skill to seize the striking traits of an 
individual actor. Fitch studied his human material. He 
made it his specialty "to coax out the best in an actress, so 
that she might become in the public mind worthy of the rather 
meaningless distinction of being a star." Thus the playwright 
''made" Ethel Barrymore, Mrs. Clara Bloodgood, Elsie De- 
Wolfe, Amelia Bingham, Sarah Cowell Le Moyne, and Max- 
ine Elliott. That is, according to another magazine writer, 
E. E. Fyles, each started as a star in a role written for her by 
him. And when "reassertion of personality" seemed neces- 
sary, Mary Mannering, Blanche Walsh, Viola Allen, Annie 
Russell, Julia Marlowe, Sadie Martinot, Effie Shannon, 
Marie Wainwright, and Olga Nethersole also turned to "the 
man behind the stars." It was proverbial that actors never 
failed in a Fitch part. 

Who has forgotten the sympathetic insight with which 
he made the veteran Mrs. Gilbert's last public appearances in 
"Granny" seem a veritable twihght of the gods? A phase of 
stage life in New York, said our last authority, that ordinary 
theater-goers knew nothing about, was the seething desire to 
"meet Fitch." This glorious hope "was looked forward to 
and schemed for and banked upon by the hopeful historian 
very much as commonplace mortals strive toward heavenly 
rest." It was not merely "lion hunting," as the importance 
of Fitch might have led one to suppose. It was because he 
was known as the man who had brought player after player 

34 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

into notice, if not into actual fame. Few American authors 
— only three besides Fitch — were allowed to choose the 
minor actors for their plays, unmolested by manager or star. 
And none of the others had that keen instinct that made any 
notice by Fitch a pretty sure stepping-stone to success. 

Three times in his career, Clyde Fitch in turn owed some- 
thing to an actor. It was as a newspaper "cub," just out of 
college, that he wrote the famous "Beau Brummel" from 
suggestions furnished by Richard Mansfield. After ten years 
of adapting foreign plays, there came "The Chmbers," in 
which my colleague, Acton Davies, declared that Amelia 
Bingham did as much for Fitch as he for her, since she sup- 
plied the money for the production after the commercial 
managers had refused. As "The Moth and the Flame" 
had used the earlier "Harvest" with an interrupted wed- 
ding, so "The Climbers" was a startling "comedy of man- 
ners" upon a funeral and a suicide. "Nathan Hale" had 
been rejected by J. K. Hackett and Mary Mannering, only 
to be staged with success by Nat Goodwin and Maxine Elli- 
ott, absurdly mature in the youthful parts. In "The Cowboy 
and the Lady," Fitch fitted these two stars better. The 
play was not so good, and another man got the contract to 
write their next one. 

One's pleasantest memories of the Fitch plays cluster around 
"Capt. Jinks," which revived the glories of the old Brevoort 
House in New York. Can any who saw it forget the chorus 
widow, divided like a mermaid, her upper half in weeds, her 
nether extremities in ballet togs, at that rehearsal of "Mme. 
Trentoni" Barrymore's troupe? "The Way of the World," 
written for Elsie DeWolfe, marked a stage debut of the 
automobile, "The Stubbornness of Geraldine" for Mary 
Mannering that of the modern ocean liner. "The Girl With 
the Green Eyes" was a step in the direction of serious drama, 
and here the author owed his inspiration to the personality 
of Mrs. Bloodgood, who, except Miss Russell and Mrs. Gil- 
bert, was the best actress for whom he ever directly wrote. 
For her also he composed "The Truth," which Grace George 
has just revived. 

We of the old college, who were not too far from Fitch's 
time, have a different memory of Clyde Fitch from that of the 

The Amherst Illustrious 35 

playwright and man of the world. It was as a sort of "Play- 
boy of the Western World" that his mates knew him here. 
His fraternity house has for years preserved an apple-blossom 
frieze which he painted by way of decorating his own room. 
In the early period of his success, and before his great pros- 
perity, he used to come back to our Mrs. Davis's table as one 
of " her boys" in a now vanished house near by. His irre- 
sistibly comic spirits would throw the younger boys into 
paroxysms of laughter as they strangled over their food while 
he poked fun at the kindly friends and surroundings of his 
student days. 

Amherst, too, has shared in the good fortune that came 
to Fitch as the reward of his remarkable career. The lec- 
tureship on English drama founded by his gift of money 
opens to those who follow him here an outlook upon certain 
fields not contemplated by the humble "eleemosynary insti- 
tution" of almost a hundred years ago. In the modernizing 
of the college curriculum and the broadening of undergradu- 
ate culture, his Alma Mater not only has its own special debt 
and lasting memorial to Clyde Fitch, but is also building for 
the college's second century. 

A List of Plays by Clyde Fitch and Some Actors in Them 

(The letter "F" indicates an adaptation from the French, "G" from 
the German, "C" a collaboration) 

First Decade. 1890. Beau Brummel (Richard Mansfield). 
Betty's Finish. 
Frederic Lemaitre. 

1891. A Modern Match (rewritten as "Marriage"). 
Pamela's Prodigy. 

1892. The Masked BaU (F). 

1893. Harvest. 

A Shattered Idol (F). 

The American Duchess (F). 

The Social Swim. 

1894. Mrs. Grundy, Jr. (F). 
His Grace de Grammont. 
April Weather. 

1895. Mistress Betty (said to have been written for 

Modjeska), revived 1905 as "The Toast of the 
Town" (Grace George). 
Gossip (C). 

1896. Bohemia (F). 
The LiarJF). 

36 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

1897. A Superfluous Husband (C). 

1898. Nathan Hale (Goodwin, Elliott). 

The Moth and the Flame (embodying the earlier 

one-act "Harvest")- 
The Head of the Family (C, G). 

1899. The Cowboy and the Lady (Goodwin, Elliott). 
Barbara Frietchie (Julia Marlowe). 

Second Decade. 1900. The Climbers (Amelia Bingham). 
Sapho (F) (Olga Nethersole). 

1901. Capt. Jinks of the Horse Marines (Ethel Barry- 

more) . 
Lover's Lane. 
The Last of the Dandies. 
The Way of the World (Elsie DeWolfe). 
The Girl and the Judge (Annie Russell), 
The Marriage Game (F). 

1902. The Stubbornness of Geraldine (Mary Manner- 

The Girl with the Green Eyes (Clara Bloodgood) . 

1903. The Frisky Mrs. Johnson (Amelia Bingham). 
The Bird in the Cage. 


Her Own Way (Maxine Elliott). 

Glad of It. 

Major Andre. 

1904. The Coronet of a Duchess. 
Granny (Mrs. Gilbert). 
Cousin Billy. 

The Woman in the Case. 

1905. Her Great Match (Maxine Elliott). 

1906. The Girl Who Has Everything (Eleanor Robson). 
Toddled (F). 

The House of Mirth (C). 

The Truth (Clara Bloodgood, here, Marie Tem- 
pest in England, revived New York, 1914, 
by Grace George). 

The Straight Road (Blanche Walsh). 

1907. Her Sister. 

1908. The Blue Mouse (G). 

1909. A Happy Marriage. 
The Bachelor. 

1910. The City (posthumously produced). 

Stories. 1891. The Knighting of the Twins, and Ten Other Tales (re- 
published 1911). 
1897. The Smart Set; Correspondence and Conversations (a 
volume of dialogues). 

Recollections of Clyde Fitch 37 



CLYDE FITCH was different from other boys from 
the start. He often said and did the same things 
as the others, but even then he said and did them in a 
different way. When I first knew him he was crossing the 
hne between Sophomore and Junior years. He was just 
beginning to find himself. He was then regarded, as always 
in college, with a mixture of amusement and respect. His 
wit and eccentricities made him amusing; and his abilities 
and likableness commanded respect. Throughout his college 
life the amusement never lessened, and the respect never 
ceased to grow. If ever the child was father to the man, 
"Billy" Fitch, the college boy, was true sire to Clyde Fitch, 
the dramatist. 

Fitch always had a touch of the exquisite in his dress. 
He usually pushed the college fashion of the day a little fur- 
ther than anyone else. If short top coats were worn, his 
was the shortest in college. If long, full-tailed cutaways were 
the thing, . his tails were the longest and fullest. Yet his 
exaggerations were never in bad taste; he never did the 
merely banal things in dress that inexperienced youngsters 
do; and many students admired the "nerve" that could 
carry a note of conspicuousness with unconcern, who had 
not themselves the courage of their convictions to follow 
suit. The jewelry he wore was of a decorative type, the 
metal curiously wrought, the jewels not conventional. When 
cape-coats came in, his cape was fastened at the throat with 
an elaborate silver clasp. In manner Fitch was somewhat 
eccentric. He was often called affected; but what seemed 
to others like affectation was spontaneous and genuine with 
himself, and I think this charge was exaggerated. Also, as 
the years passed his manner tended to become more simple 
and robust. His mind was both masculine and feminine. 
His tact and intuitiveness, his understanding of people, were 

38 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

feminine; so were his adaptability to his surroundings, and 
his abihty to manage on a small income and make it go a 
long way. He had the feminine ability to make a pin do, 
where masculine reason would have demanded a button, 
forty stitches, or a nail. How many boys could and would 
pass over the 'heading tailor" and by seeking a less expen- 
sive one and leading Mm, make his suits come out with that 
desirable combination of mode and individuality which is 
the art of dressing, and all with a distinct saving? On the 
other hand, Fitch's clean-cut conceptions of what he wanted, 
his quiet courage and persistence in the pursuit of an un- 
usual ambition (we must remember that his work was really 
the beginning of an American school of drama), the self- 
rehance that set for himself a definite period to make good in 
his chosen work, and his willingness to stake his dearest hopes 
upon the results of this experiment, were masculine. 

His room was filled with unusual things for a college stu- 
dent, particularly for the college student of his day. Few 
of his furnishings, I believe, had been specially chosen for 
particular places; but they were of a character that made 
them go together, and when disposed in his inimitable way, 
always made his rooms harmonious and attractive. I vis- 
ited his study in New York after he had been established 
there several years. Not many of his college effects remained, 
but the room had the same familiar air. He was somewhat 
annoyed, I remember, when his undiscriminating caller, not 
distinguishing the newer treasures in the old atmosphere, 
remarked upon the similarity. It was a commonplace for 
visitors to his college rooms to refer to their "artistic" char- 
acter. And they really were artistic, astonishingly so, con- 
sidering the slender means he then had for the purpose. 
Many students must have gotten their first conscious lessons in 
taste from Fitch's rooms. I remember my own surprise that 
a student should hang three sets of curtains at his windows. 
He would have jumped through his windows, curtains and 
all, rather than hang a purloined sign on his wall. He took 
no interest in ugly things. 

With his instinct for making a harmonious room. Fitch 
had a certain inventiveness, too. An ingenious and inex- 
pensive bookcase devised by him, transformed an ordinary 

Recollections of Clyde Fitch 39 

doorway and made it an architectural feature. It was the 
day of deep friezes, and Fitch obtained a step ladder and some 
paint and put a painted frieze of apple blossoms, free hand, 
nearly around his room; and when the apple boughs gave 
out in fatigue, he hung something in the gap that did just as 
well or better. Of course, all this necessity for the devising 
and disposing of inexpensive things so that they would make 
a charming interior disappeared later when the income from 
his plays became large. But he never got over the pleasure 
of designing rooms, either to live in, or for his stage settings, 
and his interiors were always effective and frequently of 
great elegance. At his fraternity house when the chapter 
entertained, it was always Fitch that sent the Freshmen out 
for wild flowers and boughs to fill the fireplaces and corners. 

Fitch had many fast friends, and more different kinds of 
friends than any of the other students. I do not remember 
that he had any special friends among the faculty, though 
there were some that he knew better than others, and he 
probably was on cordial terms with more of them than most 
other students. It was rather of a boyish day at Amherst, 
and to take an interest in the men of the httle college world 
and the mature things that interested them was necessarily 
"suping the profs." I do not think that Fitch had any 
feeling of revolt against this superstition; but had he taken 
a strong liking to any professor or become fascinated by his 
work, I am sure the college bogey would have exercised little 
restraint. He was probably on cordial terms with more of 
the faculty "wives" than any two or three other students. 
And the same was true as to returning alumni and other 
out-of-town visitors. He was able to meet them on more 
equal terms than were most students, and they always re- 
membered him. 

Those were the days before the Central Massachusetts 
Railroad, the trolley, and the motor car. Amherst was con- 
nected with Palmer and Millers Falls by rail, with 'Hamp by 
a morning and afternoon stage, and with Smith College via 
the local livery stable. The stage was not timed to conven- 
ience evening travelers, and it was, moreover, quite infra 
dig. for an upper classman to use it to make a call. I don't 
recall how much a ''rig" from the stable cost; whatever it 

40 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

was, in those days it seemed expensive. But had Smith 
been as accessible as the Aggie, I am quite sure Fitch would 
have been an infrequent visitor. He knew the people most 
worth while in the community and those who came in from 
outside, but "fussing" at 'Hamp didn't interest him. On 
the other hand, he liked girls and had a good time with them. 
He was a good dancer and enjoyed it. Girls nearly always 
liked him, and occasionally paid h m the awkward compli- 
ment of falling in love with him. They enjoyed the humor 
and ready wit which made the most inconsequential things 
amusing and often absurd. He understood them instinc- 
tively. He had no more illusions about them, even then, 
than the average man has about men. He could beat them at 
their own game. No wonder the critics are accustomed to 
say that the women in his plays are his best creations. 

He did not go in for athletics. I remember some corduroys 
and a Tarn O'Shanter, survivals of earlier days, which were 
supposed to give a certain debonair French-artist German- 
student tone to excursions to Deerfield or Mt. Tom. But 
they disappeared. He went to the baseball and football 
games with the other students, but more to enjoy the com- 
mon life than from interest in the games. He played tennis 
occasionally, but a pretty poor game. Cards interested him 
very little, billiards not at all. He was faithful at "Gym," 
but enjoyed dancing, after the prescribed exercises, more than 
the latter. 

Church-going was compulsory then as now. On Sunday 
he usually attended the Episcopal church. The informality 
of the College church did not accord with his literary and 
decorative taste. 

Fitch always got on well with everybody. He was never 
merely pig-headed, and I cannot remember that he ever 
really lost his temper, even when teased. I recall one occa- 
sion when some rough-housing in his room by students resulted 
in some treasure landing on the floor in smithereens. Fitch's 
anguish could not be wholly concealed behind his half-phil- 
osophic smile; but he was not nearly so indignant as I was. 

Fitch's real contributions to the college life were hterary 
and dramatic. In those days The Student was a bi-weekly, 
and was, naturally, more or less literary in character. Al- 

Recollections of Clyde Fitch 41 

most every issue would contain some verses by Fitch, usually 
lyrical, frequently of the species known as "society verses." 
Of course, they were reminiscent. But they all had a 
certain lightness of touch and difference, a certain Fitchiness, 
that marked them as his and which is found in all his maturer 

I have heard some of Fitch's friends say that he never 
liked to speak of his dramatic work in college. He wanted 
to forget it and wished everyone else would do the same. I 
can imagine that the results of those boyish efforts, partic- 
ularly the acting of female roles (which somebody has to act) 
were tested by severer standards by him than by others. 
The students' custom of giving a play each year had only 
just been inaugurated when Fitch entered college. The 
plays were then usually given by the Seniors only. It was 
not until much later that the "Senior Dramatics" became 
"College Dramatics." But Fitch was impressed into service 
both in his Sophomore and Junior years, and of course had 
charge of the play given by his own class. There is no doubt 
that his activity in these experimental days contributed much 
to the successes of the early representations and went far to 
establish the custom. 

Whether Fitch was a "good student" or not would depend 
on the definition. The archives of the college would show 
his marks. My recollection is that except in literature and 
allied studies his marks were but fair. I do not think he 
ever worked very hard in any college course. His naturally 
bright and versatile mind worked with sufficient ease in 
many directions to obviate that necessity. The literary and 
artistic side of his work was not work, except in a qualified 
sense. He was a fair debater, and a good reader. Above and 
below all he was a lover of beauty in its various forms. This 
characteristic qualified and colored all his activities, and 
relates them to each other. To attain and enjoy beauty he 
was willing to undergo unremitting toil. More superficially 
and by the way, he wanted life to be intellectually amusing 
and made it so. These tendencies were evident in his col- 
lege days. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The Soul of Old Amherst. 

Words, 1906, by J. F. Genung. 
Very smoothly and slowly. 
,, Tenors. 

German Melody. 
Arr. by W. P. Eigklow. 


1. A song let us sing of the soul of old AmhersttThat soul deep ar,dtrne,the a- lum-ni well 

a^^f^ I ^ -f I j .j l| =|: » ■ J' J I J J ^ 

-J • g > I g 

*— g fi—fi &■ 


know;'Tls not to be heard in loudness and clamors, 'Tis not to be seen in confusions of show. 












The soul of old Amherst is loyal and tender ■ 
For loved Alma Mater, to guard her high fame, 

Her welfare to prize, and staunch to defend her 
By honor and truth in the class and the game. 

The soul of old Amherst is lightsome and merry; 

She sings in our songs, she breathes joy through the air: 
In youth's laughing heart her counsels we bury, 

And buoyance of hope bids surrender of care. 

The soul of Old Amherst is sterhng and steady, 
In faith to encounter what fortunes befall; 

For tasks yet untried in her stand we ready, 
Her courage of life girds its strength round us all. 

OnCollegeHill 43 

£!)n College l^ill 

MOREOVER it is required in stewards, that a man 
be found faithful." That is how the alumni and 
friends of Amherst, as they come up to Commence- 
ment, find Alma Mater, the sturdy old steward of the best 
ideals in education and character. Whatever duties or dis- 
tinctions come before, she is never unmindful of the sacred 
trust that begins with the "moreover"; it never becomes a 
by-product, or a thing that may steal occasion to lapse. There 
are indeed many things that come before; things that get 
the laudation, if there is any, and the kicks, which there are 
sure to be. She has to provide methods and ideals; to ven- 
ture on new things at the risk of raw innovation, to cling 
to the seasoned old, at the risk of being in the rear of the 
times. It requires the courage and the faith of a far-seeing 
stewardship to do all this. But to this is added, as a matter 
of course, the ''moreover" which is the staunchness and ground 
of the whole; the faithfulness to spirit and noble tradition 
which the graduates find still here w^hen they come. There is 
virtue not only in being faithful but in being found so ; found 
so, whatever the time or juncture of circumstance; found so, 
how great soever the confusion of voices about her. To be 
found calm and integral, with all functions hving and intact, is 
to be so solidly and prominently so that there is no mistake 
about it; other things may be blurred or distorted, but not 

The Year. — This, I think, is the outstanding thing to 
be reported of the college year just closed. A year of faith- 
ful devotion to her stewardship. It is not a new thing, not 
a sensational thing; but it is what in the long run outlasts 
the resounding and spectacular and makes her ideals real. 

It has been a year of forward-looking, of revision, of adjust- 
ment. Such things do not declare their results at once; 

44 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

time and test are needed to make their wisdom manifest. 
We may sum up the year by a paragraph which we quote, 
with thanks, from the Springfield Republican: — 

"Amherst has made substantial progress during the year 
toward its coveted goal of the ideal college of liberal arts. A 
wise, energetic, and inspiring young leader is at the head of 
the march, and cordially supporting him are the four estates 
of trustees, faculty, alumni, and undergraduates. Natu- 
rally and properly. President Meiklejohn devoted himself 
largely during his first year to getting acquainted with his 
material. This year he has done much toward formulating 
the college problem and bringing it nearer to a solution. He 
believes thoroughly in a correlation and unifying of forces 
and in a clear-cut and definite purpose for the four years of 
a college. He believes that the college of liberal arts should 
be as certain of what it wants to do and how it proposes to 
do it as any technical school. The interest which has been 
awakened during the past twelve months in this proposition 
— which is not so simple as it may seem at first thought — 
has been, perhaps, the most significant development of the 

The Baccalaueeate. — For his baccalaureate sermon on 
Sunday, President Meiklejohn chose two texts which seem 
contradictory to each other, and drew his lesson by emphasiz- 
ing the contradiction and combining the opposing truths in 
one. Following are some paragraphs from the discourse: 

"I have gone through all this discussion of opposition in 
thinking because I am eager that the members of the gradu- 
ating class should take with them as they go both of the 
texts which I have chosen. And if they are to do so they 
must recognize that both texts are true but that each is true 
only as it is limited and corrected by the other. The dic- 
tum, 'What is a man profited if he gain the whole world and 
lose his own soul?' is one which should ring in the ears of 
every boy as he leaves the college halls. But with it there 
must go with it the challenge, the criticism if you like. 'He 
who would save his life shall lose it.' These two words, 
principle and warning, I should like to mingle together in our 
parting words to these students who now go forth to practice 
what we preach. 

OnCollegeHill 45 

"The principle tells us of the infinite value of personality. 
It sunders the spiritual from the material, the intrinsic from 
the extrinsic, and tells us that only in the spiritual and intrin- 
sic can real values be found. We have no single moral in- 
sight more important than this. But the warning tells us 
that from the principle as stated, men may and do derive an 
exaggerated and false individualism. We have so inter- 
preted it that each man has sharply separated himself from 
the world, has opposed himself to the universe, and has then 
declared as between the two, he himself is of far more 
importance than the universe in which he lives. But to say 
this is to express in a single phrase both moral and religious 
skepticism. If other men are not to us of equal value with 
ourselves, then the law, 'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself,' is simply without meaning. If there are not in the 
world spiritual interests and causes which far transcend our 
own individual purposes and strivings, then it is idle to speak 
of religion or of religious experience. I know no single thought 
which would so completely and utterly banish both morals 
and religion from our midst as this thought interpreted in 
the narrow, limited sense that as the individual surveys the 
world he finds within it nothing of value equal with himself. 

''Now with this issue sharply before us, I should like to 
ask from the members of the graduating class an answer to 
the question which it raises. Are you or are you not the 
thing of greatest importance to yourself? Does or does not 
the world offer to you objects and causes for which you would 
gladly sacrifice yourself? In this sense, is not the world far 
greater in value than you are? Ought you not to prefer it 
to yourself whenever the choice is laid upon you? If such a 
choice were possible, would it not be of greater profit for a 
man to gain the world as we know it than to gain his own 
soul at the cost of that world? 

"To ask young men this question is simply another way 
of asking them what the world means to them. In the text 
with which we began the term 'world' was used just to bring 
out the material things of life as against the spiritual values 
that underlie it. But as the text is used it comes to mean 
the whole great universe which every man faces as he looks 
out upon the world about him. Surely it would be a sorry 

46 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

world of which each man should say ' I find in it no thing of 
equal value with myself.' There are men among us today 
w^ho seem to find in the world nothing more than this. . . . 
But if as against such dreary pessimism as this we do believe 
the world fit to live in, a place in which a man may find enter- 
prises and interests worthy of his endeavor, then I think we 
might well mitigate the self-centeredness of many of our moral 

' ' I think we have reason for confidence in the days to come 
just because there is evidence on every hand that our young 
men are catching this spirit of self-forgetfulness, of other- 
interestedness, of being what they are not. They are think- 
ing far less than did men of earlier generations of making 
their own fortunes, of getting and keeping for themselves 
whatever they may be able to lay their hands on. They 
may be dreamers and enthusiasts and so need the correc- 
tions of worldly wisdom, but they do seem to me, to have 
caught the joy of causes and enterprises for the sake of which 
they will gladly give themselves to do what good they may. 
. . . We do not simply ask of men that they should give to 
something of the stored-up property they call their own. 
What we do ask is that they should be their fellowmen in 
genuine sympathy and comradeship. But whether it be in 
thought, action, or feeling, I dare to believe that these young 
men go out to seek not simply their own fortune, but rather 
the fortunes of the world to which they owe allegiance. 

"Members of the class of 1914: I have been saying hope- 
ful words to you. Will you prove them true? Can you 
think straight and live straight? Can you keep your think- 
ing and your living in touch with one another, so that your 
deeds shall not lose patience with your thoughts, nor your 
thoughts go off in idle, dreary separation from the world of 
deeds? Can you believe and yet not be a bigot? Can you 
question thoughts and yet keep at the task of thinking? Can 
you trust yourself to judge sternly and fairly no matter whose 
the fortune that may be at stake? I warn you that judging 
right is not an easy thing to do. You will find it easy to be- 
lieve the world is good when your own corner of it is secure 
and comfortable. You will find, too, that any fool can cry 
out and lament the state of things when his own skin is pierced 

OnCollegeHill 47 

and stung. But can you trust yourself to judge a stranger 
as you judge your friend, to judge another as you judge your- 
self? Can you keep clear that good is good, and bad is bad, 
no matter to whom they come; and every good is yours to 
cherish and every bad is yours to hate? Can you, I wonder, 
save your soul by losing it? If you can do these things, 
young men of Amherst, she sends you forth to do her deeds. 
And as the days go by come back and tell her how the game 
goes on." 

The Afternoon Concert. — What was on all hands pro- 
nounced the finest concert ever given by the Amherst Col- 
lege musical department was given on the afternoon of bac- 
calaureate Sunday. It was the third concert of the year. 
On December 15, 1913, the "Messiah" was given in North- 
ampton by the students of the two colleges; on May 15 the 
''Seasons" was given in College Hall by students of the col- 
lege and a chorus from the High School; and this Com- 
mencement concert completed the series. The following 
program was rendered : — 



Student's Chorus and Orchestra assisted bj^ several singers from Springfield, 
and by 20 players from the Boston Symphony Orchestra. 


Symphony in D., (Londoner) Haydn 




Allegro Spiritoso. 
The Soul of Old Amherst, Genung-Bigelow 

Recit. and Aria, from "Messiah," Handel 

"Thus saith the Lord," "But who may abide" 

Mr. Stinson, 1916 

Ecce jam noctis, Chadwick 

Landsighting, Grieg 

Memory Song, Geming-Bigelow 

Soloist : Eugene Stinson, Amherst College. 

48 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The words and music of the song "The soul of Old Am- 
herst," which was heard for the first time, will be found on 
page 42. The setting, it will be noted, is for male voices. 
The melody, erroneously given there as ''from the German" 
(it was heard in Germany by Professor Bigelow and sent to 
the writer from there) is in fact an old Dutch melody, from 
a collection by Adrianus Valerius, 1625. The Memory Song 
written in the seventy-fifth year of Amherst College, but first 
heard much later, is tolerably familiar to Amherst alumni. 
The melody is that of Mozart's Bundeslied. 

The Commencement. — It is interesting to note each year 
how the commencement speaking reflects the prevailing 
spirit of the college; sometimes partially or a bit one-sidedly, 
sometimes with tendency to over-emphasis, but always with 
evident endeavor, characteristic of youth, to project into 
clearness and relative absoluteness what in older thinkers is 
apt to be debatable or to be obscured by frills. This year 
the tendency was to lay strong emphasis on the intellect as 
the regnant faculty in life, and most of the speaking was 
colored by this idea. Mr. Childs's speech, which received 
the Bond prize, was in a somewhat different vein, and was 
interesting as showing how strong a power the tradition of 
''Old Doc" continues to be in classes that have never known 
him personally. His speech has been published in the Am- 
herst Monthly for September, 1914. The following is a list of 
the Commencement speakers and their subjects: — 

Frank Halliday Ferris, of Ridgefield Park, N. J.: "Why 
the College?" 

Charles Glann, of Cortland, N. Y. : "Freedom of 

Philip West Payne, of Omaha, Neb.: "The Amherst 

Frank Clifford Finch, of Endicott, N. Y. : "Madero, the 

Maurice Frederick Childs, of Heath, Mass.: "Edward 

After the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Sci- 
ence were conferred on the Senior class, William M. Chase's 
portait of Clyde Fitch, of the class of 1886, presented by his 

On College Hill 


parents, was exhibited, and the presentation speech made 
by Prof. WilUam Lyon Phelps, of Yale University. Profes- 
sor Phelps spoke of Fitch's magnificent record and of his love 
for the College. He said it was not so much of the man of 
letters, the dramatist, that he was thinking as of the man he 
had known and loved. He was an ardent individualist, 
who did as he pleased and went his own way. He was the 
manliest of fellows, of splendid spirit, noble sincerity, and 
love of truth. 

The Commencement exercises closed with the conferring 
of the honorary degrees. Dr. Talcott Williams made the 
presentation speeches. Following is a list of the degrees con- 
ferred with the presentations : — 

" Eugene William Lyman, a graduate of this college in 
1894, priest, preacher, theologian, and philosopher, known 
for his vision of the truth, his luminous exposition and his 
knowledge and appreciation of the thought, research, and dis- 
covery of today as applied to the faith of all time, teacher in 
the schools of theology at Bangor and at Oberlin. On behalf 
of the trustees and faculty of Amherst College, mother of 
prophets, of divines, and of scholars, I ask that you confer 
on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

"Henry Clay Folger, a graduate of this college in 1879, 
called to the bar in due course, called by ability, by charac- 
ter, by efficiency, integrity, and the confidence of men in his 
judgment to the widest fields and the highest posts in leading 
and guiding the industrial development of the land; a collec- 
tor of the largest assemblage yet known of the editions and 
the literature of the greatest dramatists gathered with learn- 
ing, watchful care, and studious pains; owner of forty-nine 
copies of the first folio edition of the plays of Shakespeare a 
priceless and unexampled field for comparative research. I 
ask you alike for his service in the affairs of a great empire of 
industry whose produce is on every sea and its light on all 
lands and for his knowledge in the most important field known 
in English literature to confer upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Letters. 

" Edwin Augustus Grosvenor, graduate of this college in 
1867; teacher, historian, the friend of youth; president of 
Phi Beta Kappa; author of a definitive work on the antiqui- 

50 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

ties of Constantinople, carrying on its pages the record of the 
spoils of centuries and of recognized authorities. He has 
shared for twenty-nine years in Robert College in the task of 
training the youth of the nascent races of the Ottoman em- 
pire, old in history and young in development. Professor 
in this college of modern government and international law 
for thirteen years, giving the youth of the West experience 
and knowledge of the East. I ask on behalf of the trustees 
and faculty of Amherst College that you confer on him the 
degree of Doctor of Letters. 

''Henry Clay Hall, a graduate of this college in 1881, 
lawyer and civic administrator, for twenty-two years a resi- 
dent of Colorado, chosen by his fellow-citizens mayor of one 
of its chief cities, versed in railroad law, of the judicial mind, 
a tireless investigator, the defender of public rights against 
corporate encroachment, this year become a member of the 
United States commission on interstate commerce, passing 
upon the great issues on whose decision depends the prosper- 
ity of states and cities, the impartial protection of great in- 
vestments and, above all, the justice of the repubhc holding 
the shield of its administrative adjudication alike over the 
rights of the many and the possessions of the few. I ask 
you on behalf of the trustees and faculty of Amherst College 
to confer on him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

"William Howaed Taft, twenty-seventh president of the 
United States. I need say no more. For the first time in 
its history Amherst has in this academic year had upon its 
roll of those who lecture in regular course upon the Henry 
Ward Beecher foundation a man whose fellow-citizens had 
chosen chief magistrate of the nation ; and on behalf of the trus- 
tees and faculty of Amherst College I ask that you follow 
the precedent and example of seventy-three years ago, when 
a president of the United States received here as our guest 
the same degree, and confer upon him, our guest today at 
this Commencement, the degree of Doctor of Laws." 

The Alumni Banquet. — An especially significant fea- 
ture of the Alumni Banquet was the announcement of the 
generous gifts made to the College by the various reunion 
classes and placed at the disposal of the Alumni Council for 

On College Hill 


use as contributions to the Alumni Fund. It will be of 
interest to the graduates to report these gifts together in a 
list. The following were the gifts announced : — 

The Class of 1911 at its third reunion, a gift the exact amount to be fixed 

The Class of 1864 at its fiftieth reunion, a gift the exact amount to be fixed 

The Class of 1869 at its forty-fifth reunion, a gift the exact amount to be 

fixed later. 
Seventy-three members of the graduating class, a gift the exact amount to 

be fixed later. 
The Class of 1904 at its tenth reunion S200, to be increased later. 
The Class of 1874 at its fortieth reunion $1160. 
The Class of 1899 at its fifteenth reunion $2510. 
The Class of 1879 at its thirty-fifth reunion $3500. 
The Class of 1894 at its twentieth reunion $4000. 
The Class of 1884 at its thirtieth reunion $5000. 
The Class of 1889 at its twenty-fifth reunion $25,000. 
In addition to these gifts individual alumni pledged to the College for the 
Alumni Fund and the work of the Alumni Council $4500. Including the 
$20,000 transferred by the old Alumni Fund Committee, the total amount 
given and pledged at this commencement time was $65,870. 

After the usual keen rivalry of the reunion class for the 
reunion trophy it was announced that for the third time the 
class of 1894 had carried off the reunion cup which is com- 
peted for annually and is presented to the reunion class hav- 
ing the largest percentage of its members back. The class 
had a percentage of 70.27. 1884 was second, 1889 third, and 
1911 fourth. The standing of the classes in the contest 
follows : — 

Total Men Per- 

Class men present centage 

1894 74 52 70.27 

1884 77 46 59.74 

1889 103 68 56.31 

1911 154 76 49.35 

1908 124 54 43.54 

1899 103 42 40.38 

1913 167 52 31.13 

1904 119 36 30.25 

52 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The principal speakers at the Alumni Banquet were Presi- 
dent Meiklejohn, Prof. Edwin A. Grosvenor, and Ex-Presi- 
dent William Howard Taft. 

President Meiklejohn, who is gradually making the ac- 
quaintance of the successive reunion classes, spoke in opti- 
mistic vein of the ideals and advantages that are open in so 
eminent degree to the College. Following are some pas- 
sages from his speech : — 

Of the recent trustee and alumni action he said: ''In the 
year 1907-8 the Trustee Appropriation for instruction was 
S77,000. Last year it was $117,000. I am authorized next 
year to raise it to $130,000, if that amount can be profitably 
used. This means an increase of $53,000 in seven years. 
As has just been announced, the College has received through 
the Alumni Council the sum of $65,870. Now the striking 
feature of these generous appropriations of the Trustees and 
these splendid contributions by the Alumni is that they 
express a definite conviction and a purpose in the minds of 
the friends of the College. They mean that Amherst men 
believe in the liberal college and are determined that here it 
shall do its work. We believe, as men in the New England 
colleges have always believed, that if from the field of human 
knowledge proper selections be made, and if there be secured 
as teachers strong intelligent personalities, and if by these 
teachers the knowledge thus selected can be made vital and 
significant in the minds of the boys who come here, those 
boys will be better men, better in every way than they would 
have been without our training. That is the conviction 
which brings us here today as Amherst men, and I believe 
that this College has a great part to play in proving the con- 
viction true." 

Of Athletics he remarked: "It is sometimes said that ath- 
letics plays too large a part in the undergraduate life. My own 
opinion is that we could well have more athletic interest and 
more athletic activity than we have at present. It seems to 
me that the normal healthy life of a college student should 
be largely made up of interests centering around the athletic 
games and interests arising from the activities of the class- 
room. I fear that we have let creep into the College too 
many so-called activities, too many distractions of various 

On College Hill 


sorts, which interfere both with athletics and with studies. 
This danger the Faculty and the Student Council already 
have under consideration, and I hope that some decisive ac- 
tion may be taken during the coming year. The class of 1904 
has suggested that some boys learn their lessons in the class- 
room and others on the athletic field. May I suggest in reply 
that every boy should learn the lessons of the class-room and 
every boy the lessons of the athletic field. We do not want 
in college one class of men, the athletes, and another class, 
the students. I should like to see every boy enjoying and 
delighting in sports, playing them him^self and supporting 
the teams. If boys do not have this they miss one of the 
best and most valuable of college experiences. But in addi- 
tion every boy should enjoy and pursue with the same enthus- 
iasm his own studies and the intellectual activities of the 
community of which he is a member. If we can work out a 
community in which these two sets of activities are enthusias- 
tically pursued I think it will be a good place for any boy to 
spend the four years of his undergraduate life." 

Of the kind of boys Amherst wants: '^The question has 
been asked, does Amherst want the average boy or do we 
wish to train only the best students; should we exclude a 
boy of ordinary intellectual interest and power; should we 
make Amherst the college of scholarship by taking only the 
finest scholars, only those who are to remain 'scholars' in 
the limited sense of the term? My own answer to this ques- 
tion is 'No.' We want to develop in the College intellectual 
power and achievement, but not simply by selecting the best 
material for our purpose. It might be worth while for some 
college to make such a selection and to devote itself to the 
training of scholars in the sense suggested. But it does not 
seem to me that this is the real mission of Amherst, nor is it 
the most pressing task of the liberal college today. What 
is needed is that we should take the ordinary American boy, 
the bright and the dull, the rich and the poor, the man with 
a background and the man without it, and regardless of the 
calling he intends to pursue, we should give the training and 
insight which make better men whatever their business or 
profession. It is the problem of liberal education in a demo- 
cratic society of making strong men, wise leaders, informed 

54 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

citizens, intelligent workers for every phase of our social 
activity. We must select and prepare ' scholars ' but we must 
also train men so that in every calling they will make knowl- 
edge count in the guidance of individual and social living." 

Professor Grosvenor, it will be remembered, resigned his 
active professorship some time ago, to take effect at the end 
of the College year, and he is now Professor Emeritus. His 
speech was on the subject of *'My Intellectual Creed," and 
was appropriate to one taking leave of active duties after a 
long and happy period of teaching both in Amherst and other 

Ex-President (now Professor) Taft, was more than Am- 
herst's guest of honor. Not only his reception of the degree 
of Doctor of Laws at this Conamencement, but his services 
during the past year as incumbent of the Henry Ward 
Beecher lectureship make him one of us. In the course 
of his remarks, which were in his usual happy vein, he said: 
"The New England college is the creditor of the state, 
whereas the state college is the debtor. Is there any higher 
ideal than the thought of those who made the college? I 
have no doubt that the curriculum can be made better than 
it is. Out of the college the man gets the sense of propriety, 
of what makes life worth living; helps him to keep his feet 
on the ground working steadily and actively with the high- 
est ideals in public and private life. The nucleus of the real 
strength of the universities is the colleges of New England with 
the spirit they have given their men to carry out. I congrat- 
ulate you on having a president with the right ideals." 

The President of the Alumni for the occasion was the Rev. 
Dr. Nehemiah Boynton of the class of 1879; who introduced 
as toastmaster President William F. Slocum, 1874, of Colorado 
College. Both these gentlemen added to the optimistic feel- 
ing of the occasion by brief and felicitous speeches. Nor 
should the first speaker of the list be left unmentioned: Mr. 
Fayette B. Dow, representing the class of 1904, attorney for 
the Interstate Commerce Commission, who in glowing terms 
pledged his class's hearty loyalty to the interests of Amherst 
College. And so say we all of us. 

The New College Year. — The most significant fact with 
regard to the registration thia year is that for the first time 

OnCollegeHill ^^ 

the Trustees' vote of 1910, abolishing the Bachelor of Science 
course, takes effect. Apart from a few special students, the 
new Freshman class is made up wholly of candidates for the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. The following table gives the 
number of Freshmen applying for the two degrees in the 
past nine years : 





























It is interesting to note that the number of Arts men which, 
when the vote was taken, had fallen to 56, is now nearly equal 
to the number entering in 1906. It is worthy of remark also 
that the total number of Freshmen this year, 120, is larger 
than that of two years ago, 112, which included 34 Science men. 
If the increase in the number of candidates for the Arts de- 
gree continues, there is fair expectation that the total number 
of men in the college will soon equal or exceed that of five 
years ago. The total number last year was 420; this year it 
will be between 415 and 420. 

When the Trustees voted to limit themselves to the Bachelor 
of Arts course they evidently did so without regard to the 
effect upon the college registration. The enrollment of men 
in this course for the last two years, however, seems to show 
that even with respect to numbers, the policy has been justified. 

^6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



Football. Basing opinion on three things, the coach, the 
spirit in college, and to a lesser extent, the showing thus far, 
prospects for a successful football season are bright. Thomas 
J. Riley, remarkably successful as coach of the University 
of Maine teams the past four years, has already won to a 
remarkable extent the confidence and respect of both the 
team and the undergraduate body. In this connection the 
reasons for Mr. Riley's selection might be reviewed. It was 
felt in the first place that a man should be chosen who not only 
had had several years' coaching experience, but also had faced 
a situation such as exists at Amherst. Mr. Riley's recom- 
mendations and record were of the highest order. He had 
played brilliant football while in Michigan at the position of 
end. As coaches he has known such football strategists as F. H. 
Yost of Michigan and Keene Fitzpatrick of Princeton. While 
at Maine he tied for the championship of the state in 1910, 
and then turned out three championship teams in three con- 
secutive years. Last season his team played Yale to a 0-0 
tie and made good its defense against the Eli's famous Min- 
nesota shift. The year before Harvard's championship eleven 
escaped to a 7-7 tie when a forward pass struck their goal 
post on its way to the waiting Maine end. Mr. Riley believes 
in the Western football, both as played in Michigan and Wis- 
consin, and in teaching the game, not driving the team con- 

The first game of the season, Bowdoin 7, Amherst 0, was 
encouraging despite the result. The score came in the last 
quarter, when a cross line forward pass was intercepted by a 
Bowdoin halfback, on his thirty-seven yard line with an open 
field ahead. Until that sixty yard run for a touchdown, it 
had been anybody's game, with the odds slightly in favor of 
Amherst, owing to the strong offensive playing of the Purple 

O 3 


Undergraduates' Report of Athletics 57 

and White backfield. Particularly was this true of the third 
quarter, when Rider and Capt. Warren brought the ball from 
the kick-off to within scoring distance of the Bowdoin goal- 
line in four first downs. The open play of the team was 
ragged enough, yet a distinct improvement on practically no 
open play at all, as in former years. 

Middlebury 0, Amherst 17. Touchdowns by Rider and 
Ashley, and a neat drop-kick by Warren featured a hot and 
dusty exhibition of ball on October 3d. The improvement 
over the Bowdoin game was marked, especially when team- 
play became more noticeable in the second half. The back 
field gained more consistently and the entire play was far less 
ragged, despite the frequent fumbling. Ten forward passes 
were tried, the gains being mainly on end runs and tackle 
plays. Ashley's punting was disappointing. 

The situation that prevails at the time of going to press is 
this: Of the men that brought home that 12-0 pigskin from 
Weston Field last fall, Capt. McGay is missed at full-back 
and for the kicking, Kimball and Shumway both playing 
strong game at the tackles, and Chamberlain at center. These 
were the strength of the line, and Hubbard made a good 
quarter and a fast halfback when needed. Swasey, '15, is not 
out for his old position at end, although he would have been 
a big help, at the start of the year particularly. 

Coach Riley has met this situation as follows: 

Fullback: — Ashley, '16, has taken McGay 's place. A 
strong defensive player, his punting so far has been far bet- 
ter in practice than in either game. 

Right Half: — Rider, '16, whose place was taken by Hub- 
bard, '14, after Rider broke his arm in the Dartmouth game, 
has his old position and is rapidly developing into a fast and 
clever ground gainer and a dependable man on the secondary 
defense. He punted well his one opportunity in the Middle- 
bury game. 

Left Half: — Capt. Warren, '15, has his old position and 
is going well. Perhaps the strongest player in the secondary 
defense, he recently made twenty-nine out of thirty field goals 
from the thirty-yard line in practice, and capped this with 
a neat drop-kick for three points in the last quarter of the 
Middlebury game. 

58 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Quarter : — Probably the weakest point on the team and 
the biggest problem before Coach Riley. Washburn, '16, 
last year's quarter after Hubbard changed to half-back, has 
alternated so far with Cooper, '15, ineligible last year, but a 
substitute in 1912-13. Neither man drives the team. Wash- 
burn shows hesitancy in choosing his plays and is weak on 
tackling and handling punts. Cooper has not yet found his 
pace. Of the substitutes, Tow, '16, is fair, but weighs under 
120 pounds. 

Center: — Widmayer, '17, has taken Chamberlain's place 
well, is improving rapidly, and is already a strong defensive 

Guards : — Last year's trio, Lind, Shumway, and Cross, 
'15, are all going well. Trying to put all possible weight 
into the line, Coach Riley shifted Cross to left tackle and 
put his last year's substitute, Shumway, at guard. Cross' 
work at tackle has been disappointing, however, and it seems 
probable that he will be back at guard by the Trinity game. 
Lind is a fixture at right guard. 

Tackles: — Knowlton, '16, fills L. Shumway 's place re- 
markably well. A strong aggressive player and a good sub- 
stitute back. Kimball, '15, has so far taken R. M. Kimball's 
old position, but left tackle still remains the biggest problem 
in the line. 

End: — Brown, '17, is practically a fixture at Swasey's 
old position on the right of the line. He is a strong defensive 
end and is improving rapidly. McTernan, '15, is having a 
hard fight for his position at left end. 

Substitutes: — Goodrich, '17 — backfield and end — 
runs well with the ball and is fast and heady, but too light. 
Coming to Amherst with a good preparatory school reputa- 
tion as a quarter-back, he may yet prove the solution for 
that situation. Goodridge, '16 — Tackle and End — Handles 
forward passes well, a strong defensive player with plenty 
of fight and grit. Lacks speed. 

Baseball. — Of last year's team, Goodridge, '16, at first, 
Rome, '17, at third, Swasey, '15, at center, and Robinson, 
'15, in the box are all probable fixtures. Washburn, '16, at 
second will have to show improvement over last year to keep 

Undergraduates' Report of Athletics 59 

his old position. Capt. Swasey is well pleased with the show- 
ing of the Freshmen, who ran away with the first game of the 
1917-18 series, 14 to 3. The work of See behind the bat, 
Hughes, Partenheimer, and Kenyon in the infield, and Taber's 
hitting are all encouraging. Amherst will need two good 
outfielders, a catcher, and above all, two fast, accurate infielders. 
Witney, Brown, and Widmayer, all 1917 and eligible this 
year, should turn into dependable second string pitchers. 

Track. — The outlook is frankly discouraging. Huth- 
steiner, '14, was the mainstay of the team last year. The 
only promising Freshman found so far this fall is Hunter, 
whose mark in the pole vault is about a foot above the col- 
lege record. 

Basketball. — Amherst takes up basketball as a varsity 
sport again only after considerable discussion. The strong 
undergraduate opinion in favor of the sport has overcome the 
objections based on inadequate accommodations and the 
less healthful nature of an indoor sport. The schedule pro- 
vides for two games with both Wesleyan and Williams. If 
basketball becomes well established, the annual invitation 
to join the New England league will be accepted. Although 
in Sawyer and Ashley, of the 1916 quintet, interclass cham- 
pions, and Maynard, Widmayer, and Witney of the 1917 
five, Amherst has some good material, a successful season is 
not expected this first year. 

Swimming. — With Lemcke, '17, eUgible this year, as a 
team-mate for Nelligan, '17, Amherst should have a big 
year in aquatics. Ames and Washburn, '16, will take good 
care of the diving, and Jessup, '17, and Baker, '17, will be 
good seconds to their classmates in the sprints and distances 
respectively. Amherst lacks someone in the plunge, other- 
wise the 1917 class team ought to be able to take care of 
the Triangular meet. 

Interclass. — With basketball a varsity sport, hockey 
has dropped to the level of interclass games, and will prob- 
ably share that ''honor" this fall with soccer. 

6o Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

C!)e IBook Cable 


Learning and Doing. By Edgar James Swift. Indianapolis: The 
Bobbs Merrill Company. 

In our issue for January, 1913, was reviewed another work by Professor 
Swift, entitled "Youth and the Race." The present volume is a briefer 
and more popular treatment of the same subject, forming a volume of the 
"Childhood and Youth Series," edited by Professor O'Shea of the University 
of Wisconsin. The problem of the teacher has been vastly compHcated by 
the development of modern civihzation. Two things must be accomplished ; 
a certain portion of the accumulated wisdom of the race is to be transmitted 
to a new generation, while at the same time it is prepared to confront success- 
fully the new conditions which each generation faces in these times of rapid 
change. Too often the difficulty of accomphshing the first result leads 
teachers to despair of doing anything at all that is practical toward the 
second. It is Professor Swift's contention that the teaching method which 
he outlines, so far from being an added burden, will at once simplify the 
problem of instruction, and develop the power of initiative which will en- 
able the pupil to cope with the unknown problems of the world beyond 
the schoolroom. In any department it is possible so to stimulate the in- 
born instinct to "make something" or "do something" that the pupils 
will learn the power of tackling a task for themselves and applying their 
own resources to its accomplishment, instead of simply relying on the prod- 
ding of the teacher. This not only gives the creative interest of doing to 
what was formerly merely learning; but it serves to train minds to rely on 
their own resources. The curious story of the traveling salesman taken 
from other lives who were unable to adapt themselves to the selling of 
heaters, is an illustration of the difficulty employers meet in finding initia- 
tive and power of adaptation; and an educational method which can do 
anything to overcome this lack is the method that is needed today. 

The book is based on careful observations and experiments, and is vivid 
and stimulating in its style. 

F. W. S. 


The Deseado Formation of Patagonia. Frederick Brewster Loomis, 
Ph.D. Published under the auspices of the Trustees of Amherst College, 

As the result of the eighth Amherst expedition, made in 1911, Professor 
Loomis published in 1913 a volume entitled, "Hunting Extinct Animals in 
Patagonia." That was a preliminary volume, and relatively popular, being 
the narrative of a trip taken to a sparsely inhabited country, in which the 
activities of the party were primitive travel and hard work in digging and 
preserving specimens, and their interests centered in remains so old that they 

The Book Table 6i 

are wholly new. The real objective, however, was not the publishing of that 
volume, but of the one now before us. If we leave our 0. Henry and Booth 
Tarkington a little and undertake to read this, we shall have to peruse two 
hundred and thirty-two well printed and copiously illustrated pages of such 
information as the following, which, it must be noted, is part of a description 
of Notodiaphorus crassus, sp. nov. : "The distal end of the humerus asso- 
ciated indirectly with this species is moderately heavy, with fair-sized 
epicondyles, and no entepicondylar foramen. The supratrochlear fossa is 
moderately deep, the anconeal very deep, the two being connected by a small 
foramen, as is typical for this family. The trochlearis, shghtly oblique to 
the long axis of the shaft, has a simple pulley-like articular end without ridges 
of division, the internal border being narrower and higher than the external." 
This, 3^ou see, is all supposed to be "humerus," and doubtless is a fair 
representation of a comparative anatomist's sense of "humer," but Professor 
Loomis's classmates and colleagues know that the rightly spelled article is 
much more in personal evidence than this would show. In short, the book 
does not contribute, does not try to contribute, to the Hght reading of the 
world. But think what richness it must afford to those biologists who live 
and move in its world of scientific observation and thought. The book in its 
sphere is a monument of careful, exact, minute science; and will take its 
place in the museums where such remains are preserved, and in the minds 
of the scientists to whom its information is significant. J. F. G. 


A Young Man's Jesus. By Bruce Barton. The Pilgrim Press. Price, 
$1.00 net. 

This book is one of many cheering signs that strong and eflBcient business 
men have awakened to a clear recognition of the supreme importance of 
Christianity as a power in the life of today. It emphasizes the strategic fact 
that the essence of Christianity is in the facts of the life of its founder, not in 
theories concerning him nor in moral and religious abstractions. 

It is a young man's picture of the young man Jesus. The writer has a 
youth's enthusiasm, vigor and vividness of thought and portrayal, worship 
of power and action, and a good dash of dramatic feeling and skill. His exe- 
gesis is sometimes decidedly original, to put it mildly; but always clear, 
fresh, and vigorous. It is a very readable book. 

He emphasizes a side or aspect of Christ's hfe which has been sadly 
neglected. The author says in his preface: "It is to present this truer por- 
trait — of a young man glowing with physical strength and the joy of living, 
athrill with the protest of youth against oppression and intolerance, yet radiat- 
ing a spiritual power that has transformed the world — that this little book 
is A\Titten. It makes no pretense of being a 'Life of Christ' in the accepted 
sense. . . . We have simply dipped down into the rich and varied color 
of his life, and choosing such material as suited our need, have fashioned a 
portrait of him as he really was, a master of men subhmely powerful, a young 
man whom strong men can love." 

The description of the overthrowing of the tables of the money-changers, 
the explanation of Christ's physical strength and endurance, the portrayal 

62 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of his sublime courage, self-control and steady faith, in the face of great suc- 
cess and apparent failure alike, and of fortitude and cheer in the pain of defeat 
and death — all these are clear, vivid, dramatic. Jesus' keen enjoyment of 
social life in the crowd of street and market, and as guest at the table of most 
varied hosts, is strongly emphasized. The writer speaks more than once 
of the "ringing hearty laugh" of the Master. In spite of parables and an- 
swers to fooUsh and captious questions, we too often forget that one who 
always saw life clearly with deep, shrewd insight, and in right perspective, 
must have had a keen sense and appreciation of humor. The striking argu- 
ment of the last chapters, "The third day" and "More than man," must be 
read to be appreciated for its force and originality. 

The book will be read with keen enjoyment by the young and with profit 
by the old. It is a study of the influence and power of a subhme personahty 
and Ufc on the personality and hfe of every man who can be brought into real 
touch and communication with him. Especially for this reason it seems, 
as we have said, to present the essence of Christianity. John M. Tyler. 


"When Mayflowers Blossom. A Romance of Plymouth's First Years. 
By Albert H. Plumb. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company. 

In this volume of 506 pages the thread of romance is relatively slender. 
One hardly knows where it begins or ends, and it disappears under the 
surface for long sections of the book, reappearing now and then when there 
is a supposed occasion for it. It has to do with the wooing and wedding 
of John Rowland and Ehzabeth Tilly; and this romance element of the book 
is apparently introduced as a vehicle for the more domestic and everyday 
matters in the Pilgrim's hard life during the early years of Plymouth. The 
main purpose of the book, however, seems rather to be didactic and his- 
toric. The author's sentiment toward the pioneers of Plymouth may be 
gathered from his dedication of the volume "In loving remembrance of 
my Father, Albert Hale Plumb, for half a century a minister of Christ in 
Boston and vicinity, and of the eighth generation from William Bradford, 
with gratitude for his leading me in the durable way of the Pilgrims." From 
this it is easy to deduce, what the book abundantly bears out, the writer's 
strong reaUzation of the claims both of personal ancestry and of the staunch 
New England tradition. He feels the spirit of the Mayflower in his blood 
and in his durable religious convictions; he would deprecate any lapse from 
it, and is not slow to score the laxer times that have succeeded to its days 
of Pilgrim purity. Mr. Plumb is frankly a eulogist of the original May- 
flower company; all who came later are apt to fare rather hardly in esti- 
mation by comparison. His loving accounts of their uprightness and 
neighborliness, their ungrudging sacrifices in the midst of great hardship 
and privation, are among the pleasantest features of the book. 

In all that relates to history, resources of the country, plants and animals, 
manners of the natives and domestic customs of the colonists, the book is 
very carefully and thoroughly studied. The frequently intermitted ro- 
mance of John Howland and Ehzabeth Tilly decidedly invigorates the nar- 
rative, whenever it is resumed; and some scenes, like the encounter with 

TheBookTable 63 

the panther, the sudden peril of rattlesnakes, and the honeymoon spent in 
an Indian village, are for construction quite effective. Unfortunately not 
so much can be said for the general style of the book. The writer, partly 
from temperament, partly from saturation in the ways and words of past 
centuries, has somewhat handicapped himself, except for the pietistic class 
who have clung to the exclusive Mayflower sentiment. He never lets him- 
self go. He is always on his literary good behavior. It is a reverse of the 
present prevailing manner, which seeks to make ancient ideas live anew in 
modern guise; it seeks rather to convey ever34hing in the ancient guise 
supposably prevailing in 1620. The result is especially marked in the dia- 
logue, which is full of the idioms of olden time, and has the effect of being 
manufactured to suit the demands of the seventeenth century. The follow- 
ing passage, describing the approach of John and Elizabeth to the Indian 
village on their wedding trip, will give a fair idea of the style both in 
narration and dialogue : — 

" ' Now, my lady, thou hast thy forerunners,' said John thoroughly amused 
at the double disappearance of boys and brute. 

'"My lord, thy heralds have sped,' she repUed. 

'"It is well,' he remarked. 'I had thought to come unannounced, but 
day is drawing toward its dusking with us farther out from Naraasket 
than would have been except for our several delays.' 

"'And by reason of having a woman drumbling and snailing along, fore- 
slowing on the path,' she interposed, 'but one who is neither in practice 
nor her wonted strength,' 

'"Speak not so, my dearest,' he protested. 'You made good speed, for 
one as you say unused to journeying, and without that degree of vigor 
which we all hope to regain if patient now. To tarry a bit, twice or thrice, 
was better for thee, my spouse,' he added, reverting tenderly to the older 
forms of their personal pronouns. 'Amorrow thou wilt doubtless be foot- 
weary, but after a day of resting, our back-return should be less tedious. 
Though I've no metewand, I do not misaccount that we are now well within 
two miles of our stopping-place, and should soon discern it, ere owlish 
even-while, as we come out at the clearing.' 

"'Were we within twenty miles of it, how could I find the road tedious 
with my husband at my side?' she spoke out joyously. 

"On this interchange of opinions in their now unpausing advance, each 
threw an arm about the other, John accommodating his stride to her own 
good step, for a little way; and one might have seen some reciprocity of 
osculation, but for pendant boughs concealing." 

This is the most amorpus passage in the book. And on the other strain, 
which the author has evidently more at heart, he makes his "romance" 
go out, in the chapter "Facing the Future," with a long address on modern 
tendencies, put in as what William Bradford would say if after three cen- 
turies he "could again grace with his quiet dignity a larger, wider celebra- 
tion of his first coming and that of his companions." J. F. G. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

flDfficfal anD Pet0ona! 


At the meeting of the Trustees 
in Amherst, June 23, John W. 
Simpson, Esq., was chosen Chair- 
man pro tempore, in the absence of 
Mr. PHmpton, President of the 
Board, who was in Europe. 

It was voted to appropriate a 
suitable sum for securing the ser- 
vices of a college organist and to 
pay for other assistants in music 
for the College Church. The selec- 
tion of the organist was left to a 
committee, who since the com- 
mencement meeting have employed 
Professor Vieh of Northampton as 

A request presented through the 
Chairman of the Committee on 
BuikUngs and Grounds by Profes- 
sor J. F. Genung, asking for one of 
the rooms in Hitchcock Hall as 
the office of the Editors of the 
Amherst Graduates' Quarterly, 
was granted. 

It was voted that Dr. Anson Ely 
Morse be engaged as lecturer in 
History for one year, to take the 
place of Professor F. L. Thompson, 
absent on sabbatical year. 

It was voted that Mr. Ralph 
Wheaton Whipple, '14, be appointed 
as assistant to Professor Emerson 
for the next academic year. 

It was voted that Mr. Phillips 
Foster Greene of the incoming 
Senior class be appointed assistant 
in the department of Biology for 
the next academic year. 

It was voted that the matter 
of arrangements for filling the 

George Daniel Olds Professorship for 
the ensuing year be referred to the 
President in consultation with the 
Committee on Instruction, with 
power. Since the meeting the ap- 
pointment has been made to the 
George Daniel Olds Professorship of 
Prof. Raymond Gettell of Trinity 
College as lecturer on Social and 
Economic Institutions for the next 
academic year. 

The following communication was 
presented : — 

"Green Knoll, 
To the Trustees, Amherst College, 

Gentlemen: Mr. George Plimpton sug- 
gested some time ago that a portrait of 
Noah Webster would be an acceptable 
gift to your institution. 

Accordingly, we, the great-grand- 
daughter and the great-great-grand- 
daughter of one of your founders, very 
gladly offer you a copy of his portrait by 
Morse. To be given in memory of his 
granddaughter, Emily Ellsworth Fowler 
Ford, who was our mother and grand- 
mother respectively. 
Believe us 

Verily truly yours, 
Emily E. Skeel, 
Lesta Ford. 
May thirtieth, 1914." 

It was voted that the gift be 
accepted and the thanks of the 
Board be expressed by the Secre- 
tary to the donors. 

The President of the College pre- 
sented a communication from the 
Advisory Council of the Young 
Men's Christian Association recom- 
mending the appointment of a per- 
manent director of rehgious work. 

Official and Personal 65 

Such appointment could not take It was voted that the matter be 

effect during the next academic referred to the Committee on In- 

year, and arrangements have been struction, to report at the next 

made by the said Council for the re- meeting of the Board, 
engagement of Theodore A. Greene, It was voted that the autumn 

of the class of 1913, to carry on the meeting of the Board be held at the 

work for the coming academic year. Kimball House, Springfield, Mass., 

If approved, the plan of a perma- on November 12, 1914, beginning 

nent director would go into effect at 1.30 p. m. 
with the academic year of 1915-16. The meeting adjourned at 10.45. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


The next annual meeting of the 
Alumni Council will be held in New 
York City, if possible, the day before 
the Annual Dinner of the New York 

At the meeting of the Alumni 
Athletic Association last Commence- 
ment resolutions were passed re- 
questing the Alumni Council "to 
investigate promptly the needs of 
Amherst College in Athletics and to 
make such recommendations to the 
faculty, the alumni, and the under- 
graduates as should most effectu- 
ally establish Amherst athletics on 
a broadly successful basis." 

In response to this request the 
Executive Committee of the Coun- 
cil has appointed a special commit- 
tee to consider these resolutions and 
report back to the Executive Com- 
mittee its conclusions and recom- 
mendations. The appointment of 
members of the standing committee 
on athletics has been postponed 
until after the report of this special 

For some years there has been an 
Alumni Advisory Committee on 
religious work which has cooperated 
with the undergraduate Christian 
Association. It was the wish of 
this Committee that its work be 
recognized as a part of the work of 
the Alumni Council. In compliance 
with this wish and in pursuance of 
the general policy of coordinating 
the various lines of alumni activity, 
the work of the Advisory Committee 
was taken over by the Council and 
the members of this Committee 
have been appointed members of 

the new standing Committee on 
Religious Work. 

The list of standing Committees 
of the Council with their member- 
ship is as follows : 

Executive — Chairman, Grosvenor 
H. Backus, '94 ; William F. Slocum, 
'74, ex-officio; George D. Pratt, '93 ; 
Edward T. Esty, '97; Henry H. 
Titsworth, '97; Henry P. Kendall, 
'99; Robert W. Maynard, '02. 

Finance and Alumni Fund — 
Chairman, Dwight W. Morrow, '95; 
William C. Atwater, '84; John E. 
Oldham, '88; George P. Steele, '88; 
Frederick J. E. Woodbridge, '89; 
Henry H. Titsworth, '97; Harold I. 
Pratt, '00; Ernest M. Whitcomb, '04. 

Publicity — Chairman, Harry E. 
Taylor, '04; Herbert L. Bridgman, 
'66 ; Collin Armstrong, '77 ; Henry P. 
Field, '80; Richard S. Brooks, '92; 
Burges Johnson, '99 ; Frederick K. 
Kretschmar, '01 ; George B. Utter, 
'05 ; Bruce F. Barton, '07. 

Publication — Chairman, Harry 
A. Gushing, '91; Trumbull White, 
'90; Oliver B. Merrill, '91; Gilbert 
H. Grosvenor, '97; W^alter A. Dyer, 
'00; Robert W. Maynard, '02; Al- 
bert W. Atwood, '03; Ernest M. 
Whitcomb, '04. 

Athletics (Special) — Chairman, 
Cornelius J. Sullivan, '92; Charles I. 
DeWitt, '99; Henry P. Kendall, 
'99; Eugene S. WUson, '02; Harry 
E. Taylor, '04; Walter P. Hubbard, 
'06; E. Marion Roberts, '11; Sydney 
D. Chamberlain, '14. 

Secondary Schools — Chairman, 
William F. Merrill, '99; Alfred G. 
Rolfe, '82; WiUiam Orr, '83; Charles 

The Alumni Council 


E. Kelsey, '84; William G. Thayer, 
'85 ; Thomas C. Esty, '93 ; Halsey 
M. Colhns, '96 ; Ferdinand Q. Blan- 
chard, '98; Henry P. Kendall, '99; 
Stanley King, '03; Walter R. Wash- 
burn, '03; George Burns, '08; Her- 
bert A. Wyckoff, '09 ; Abraham Mit- 
chell, Jr., '10. 

Religious Work — Chairman, Prof. 
John M. Tyler, '73; President Alex- 
ander Meiklejohn, Hon. '13, ex- 
offido; President Emeritus George 
Harris, '66, ex-officio; Dean George 
D. Olds, Hon. '13, ex-offi.cio; Frank 

W. Stearns, '78; Charles M. Pratt, 
'79; John Timothy Stone, '91 ; Bruce 
F. Barton, '07; Laurens H. Seelye, 

Commencement — Chairman, Ol- 
iver B. Merrill, '91 ; Harold C. Keith, 
'08; Harold B. Cranshaw, '11. 

Revision of the Constitution of the 
Society of the Alumni — Chairman, 
Edward T. Esty, '97 ; Wilham Ives 
Washburn, '76; Frank H. Parsons, 
'81 ; Charles F. Marble, '86 ; WiUiam 
B. Greenough, '88; William S. Ty- 
ler, '95; Jason N. Pierce, '02. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


Professor Raymond G. Gettell, 
A.M., the newly appointed lecturer 
in Social and Economic Institutions, 
was born at Shippensburg, Penn., 
March 4, 1881; was married 1906 
to Nelene Groff Knapp, of Philadel- 
phia; has two children, Dorothy, 
born 1907, and Richard, born 1912. 
He was graduated at Ursinus Col- 
lege, CoUegeville, Penn., in 1903, as 
valedictorian, with the degree of 
A.B. summa cum laude, and with 
departmental honors in History and 
Pohtical Science. He did graduate 
work with the degree of A.M. at 
the University of Pennsylvania, 
1904-6. His teaching experience 
has been considerable. He was 
assistant principal of High School, 
1899; Instructor in History, Ur- 
sinus College, 1903-4; Professor of 
History and Economics, Bates Col- 
lege, 1906-7; Northam Professor of 
History and Political Science, Trin- 
ity College, 1907-14; Professor of 
History and Political Science, sum- 
mer session of the University of 
Maine, 1910; Professor of Poht- 
ical Science, University of Illinois, 
summer session, 1913; Professor of 
Government, University of Texas, 
1914. He is a member of numerous 
societies and associations connected 
with his department. Besides many 
articles in various pubhcations, he 
has published with Ginn and Co., 
Boston, the following books: In- 
troduction to Political Science, 1910; 
Readings in Political Science, 1911; 
Problems in Political Evolution, 
1914. He coached the Trinity foot- 
ball team from 1908 to 1914; and 

has written series of football ar- 
ticles for the Hartford Courant, the 
Nation, and other periodicals. 

Professor Ely Morse, Ph.D., Am- 
herst, 1902, late of Marietta Col- 
lege, Ohio, is lecturer in history this 
college year in place of Professor 
F. L. Thompson, who is taking a 
year's leave of absence. 

Professor Frederick L. Thomp- 
son, who for his sabbatical year 
planned a round-the-world trip 
abroad, is now in Southern CaU- 
fornia, and it is not known how 
the European war will affect his 

Professor Herbert F. Hamilton, 
who was granted a year's leave of 
absence, has withdrawn his request, 
and will accordingly continue his 
duties at Amherst. 

According to a cable received by 
Arthur C. James, September 17, 
Professor Todd and family are in 
Stockholm. His echpse expedition, 
which took him to Russia, caused 
much anxiety to his friends in Amer- 
ica, and for a long time he was un- 
heard from; it is a rehef to learn 
that he is safe. 

Professor and Mrs. Lancaster, 
who spent the summer in Paris, 
and who did not choose to leave 
that city when a siege seemed immi- 
nent, sailed for home September 12. 

Professor Baxter, during the vaca- 
tion, went from his home in Italy 

The Faculty 


to Switzerland to assist Mrs. Sym- 
ington and her six children to come 
to this country; they having been 
overtaken by the financial misfor- 
tune which befell so many Americans 
at the outbreak of the war. 

Professor Churchill's home-com- 
ing from England, where he had 
spent the summer, was somewhat 
tedious and unpleasant, as he had 
to book four times on different 
steamers before securing a steerage 
passage on the Royal George. 

Professor Parker and his family, 
who reached England from France, 
a few days before war was declared 
had an irksome experience of wait- 
ing, and finally were lucky enough 
to secure first-class passage on the 
Scandinavian from Glasgow. 

One of the notable features of 
the lawn-fete at Commencement 
was the presentation of a handsome 
loving cup to Professor Emeritus 
Grosvenor, by the graduating class. 
On one side of the cup, which was 
of elegant pattern, was the in- 
scription : 









On the other side was inscribed the 
verse which so many times has 
echoed through Walker Hall as 
the classes have gone to lessons and 
examinations : — 

"Well, gentlemen call for Grosvie, 
The man of fluent speech; 
We wish we had more like him, 
He sxxrely ia a peach." 

John Robert Sithngton Sterrett, 
Ph.D., who was Professor of Greek 
in Amherst College from 1893 to 
1901, succeeding Professor William 
Seymour Tyler, died, June 15, at 
Cornell University, where he had 
been professor since 1901. 

He was born at Rockbridge Baths, 
Va., March 5, 1851, the son of Rob- 
ert Dunlap and Nancy (Sithngton) 
Sterrett. He was educated at the 
Universities of Virginia, Berlin, 
Leipzig, Athens, and Munich, and 
received the degree of Ph.D. from 
the University of Munich in 1880 
and the honorary degree of LL.D. 
from Aberdeen in 1902. He taught 
Greek successively at Miami Uni- 
versity (1886), the University of 
Texas (1888-92), and Amherst Col- 
lege (1893-1901). He was the suc- 
cessor at Cornell of Professor Ben- 
jamin Ide Wheeler. In 1896-7 he 
was professor at the American School 
of Classical Studies in Athens. 

Dr. Sterrett made valuable con- 
tributions to archaeology. He led 
several expeditions to Asia Minor 
for the purpose of discovering and 
studying relics of the ancient civil- 
izations, especially the Hittite. His 
work in that field began in 1883, 
when he was a student at the Amer- 
ican School just opened in Athens 
under the direction of Professor 
Goodwin of Harvard. In 1881-2 
the Archaeological Institute of 
America had thoroughly explored 
and excavated the ancient city of 
Assos. Dr. Sterrett was appointed 
by Charles Ehot Norton, the presi- 
dent of the Institute, to edit and 
pubhsh the inscriptions which had 
been unearthed there. He worked 
at Assos during the spring of 1883. 
In the summer of that year he was 
the associate of W. M. Ramsay in 
an archaeological and topograph- 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

ical survey of Phrygia. During the 
next three years he took part in 
various expeditions in Asia Minor, 
the results of which were pubhshed 
among the papers of the American 
School at Athens. For years after 
his return to this country Dr. Ster- 
rett made successive explorations 
in Asia Minor. So high an author- 
ity did he become on the ancient 
topography that Professor Momm- 
sen, in writing his work on "The 
Provinces of the Roman Empire," 
based his descriptions of the lim- 
its of Roman dominion in Asia 
chiefly upon discoveries made by 
Dr. Sterrett. The latest of these 
expeditions was The Cornell Expe- 
dition to Asia Minor and the Assyro- 
Babylonian Orient, organized by 
Dr. Sterrett and carried out in 1907 
by three Cornell men, Olmstead, 
Charles, and Wrench. They vis- 
ited every monument bearing Hit- 
tite inscriptions that they could 
learn of and discovered some new 
ones. The results are now in 
course of publication under the 
title "Travels and Studies in the 
Nearer East." The expedition fur- 
nished material also for Dr. Ster- 
rett's "Hittite Inscriptions," pub- 
lished in 1911. 

Other books by him were "Qua 
in re Hymni Homerici quinque 

majores inter se differant" (his dis- 
sertation for the doctor's degree); 
"Inscriptions of Sebaste"; "In- 
scriptions of Assos," 1885; "In- 
scriptions of Tralles," 1885; "Epi- 
graphical Journey in Asia Minor," 
1888; "Wolfe Expedition to Asia 
Minor," 1888; "Leaflets from the 
Notebook of a Traveling Archaeol- 
ogist." 1889; "The Torch-Race," 
1902; "The Iliad of Homer," 1907, 
and "A Call of Contemporary Soci- 
ety for Research in Asia Minor and 
Syria," 1911. 

Dr. Sterrett was a member of 
the board of managers of the Amer- 
ican School of Classical Studies at 
Athens, associate editor of the 
American Journal of Archaeology, 
joint editor of Cornell Classical Stud- 
ies, a member of the American Phil- 
ological Association and the Ameri- 
can Philosophical Society, and a cor- 
responding member of the Imperial 
German Archaeological Institute. 

He was married in 1892 to Joseph- 
ine Moseley Quarrier of Charles- 
ton, W. Va., who survives him, with 
four daughters, Daphne, Anassa, 
Marika, and Phoebe. 

Dr. Sterrett's body was taken to 
his old home in Virginia for burial. 

The Classes 



In General 

Amherst Honors. — At the 
160th annual commencement at 
Columbia University, the follow- 
ing Amherst men were honored: 
C. J. Hall, ex-'13, B.A.; H. B. John- 
son, ex-'13, B.S.; Benjamin Roth- 
berg, '13, Eustace Seligman, '10, 
and G. N. Slayton, '11, LL.B.; 
T. E. HamUn, '10, Bachelor of Ar- 
chitecture; W. S. Lahey, ex-' 12, 
Bachelor of Literature in Journal- 
ism; Geoffrey Atkinson, '13, H. B. 
Goodrich, '09, G. B. Parks, '11, 
who has recently been appointed 
to the Kellogg fellowship, and 
Spencer MiUer, Jr., '12, M.A.; 
W. L. Vosberg, '04, received this 
degree last October; Wen Pin 
Wei, '10, Doctor of Philosophy, 
with the major subject economics. 
Spencer Miller, Jr., was also 
awarded the George WiUiam Curtis 
Fellowship in PubUc Law for the 
coming year. 

In the list of trustees of the An- 
dover Theological Seminary appear 
the following names of Amlierst 
graduates: Rev. George Harris, 
D.D., LL.D ('66); Principal Alfred 
E. Stearns, L.H.D. ('94); Rev. 
Nehemiah Boynton, D.D. ('79); 
Prof. Harry N. Gardiner, A.M. ('78) ; 
and Hon. Arthur B. Chapin, A.B. 


Rev. Samuel B. Sherrill, Secretary 

415 Humphrey Street, New Haven, 


Henry E. Hutchinson, former 
president of the Brooklyn Bank, 

whose death at his home in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., on Friday, May 8, was 
reported in the June number of the 
Quarterly, was born in Windsor, 
Vt., July 27, 1837, and was the son 
of the Rev. Elijah Hutchinson and 
Laura Manning Skinner. He stud- 
ied at Windsor high school and 
Dartmouth College, and received 
the degree of B.A. from Amherst 
in 1858. Mr. Hutchinson was the 
secretary of the Mechanics Bank, in 
1887 became cashier in the Brook- 
lyn bank and later became its pres- 
ident. From 1863 to 1867 he was 
United States Assistant Assessor 
of Internal Revenue for the fourth 
district of New York State. He 
was a member of the New England 
Society, the Sons of Vermont, the 
Brooklyn Club, the Brooklyn Choral 
Society, the University Club, the 
Church Club, and the Brooklyn 
Dispensary, and was on the advis- 
ory board of the Brooklyn Nursery 
and Infants' Hospital. 


Rev. Calvin Stebbins, Secretary 

Framingham, Mass. 

The Rev. Hervey C. Hazen, for 
forty years a missionary in India 
for the American Board of Foreign 
Missions, is reported to have died 
on Saturday, July 25, at his sta- 
tion, Mana Madura, in southern 
India, where he was engaged in 
building a church. Dr. Hazen was 
born in Ithaca, N. Y. He was a 
direct descendant of Edward Hazen, 
who came to this country in 1650 
and settled at Rowley, Mass. He 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

was graduated from Amherst Col- 
lege and Andover Theological Sem- 
inary and went out to India in 1864. 

Hon. Edward W. Chapin, 

181 Elm Street, Holyoke, Mass. 

Rev. J. G. Merrill, D.D., of Lake 
Heine, Florida, a " seventy-four years 
young" missionary, has written a 
delightfully quaint story of his 
labors, entitled, "A Patriarch's Par- 
ish," published in The American Mis- 
sionary for September. 


Charles B. Travis, Secretary 

51 Chestnut Hill Avenue, Boston, 

At the fiftieth reunion of the class, 
at Commencement, six members 
were present. They were: Charles 
W. Gray of Worcester, Mass., cap- 
italist; Rev. WiUiam E. Locke, of 
Wellesley, Mass., missionary; Rev. 
Henry M. Tenney, D.D., of Ober- 
hn, Ohio, member of the Amherst 
Alumni Council; Charles B. Travis, 
of Boston, Mass., ex-Master of the 
English High School; G. Henry 
Whitcomb of Worcester, Mass., 
Trustee of Amherst College; and 
Rev. Martin L. Williston of Hart- 
ford, Conn., G. A. R. veteran, poet, 
and preacher. 


Prof. B. K. Emerson, Secretary 
Amherst, Mass. 

William S. Knox, of Lawrence, 
Mass., member of the House of Rep- 

resentatives from 1894 to 1900, died 
September 22, in Lawrence. 

Mr. Knox was born in Killingly, 
Conn., September 10, 1843, and was 
graduated from Amherst College in 
1865. He was admitted to the bar 
the following year, and had since 
practiced law in Lawrence. He was 
president of the ArUngton National 
Bank, of Lawrence, was a member 
of the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives in 1874-5, and City 
Solicitor of Lawrence, 1875-6, 
1887-90. Mr. Knox was Chairman 
of the Committee on Territories of 
the Fifty-fifth Congress. He was a 

As president of the Massachusetts 
Bar Association, John C. Hammond, 
Esq., dehvered the annual address 
on "The Great and General Court of 
Massachusetts Bay Colony." The 
address has been printed. 


Rev. Payson W. Lyman, Secretary 

154 Hanover Street, Fall River, 

Rev. Payson W. Lyman, who, on 
Friday, February 20, completed 
twenty-five years as pastor of the 
Fowler Congregational Church, Fall 
River, read his resignation of the 
pastorate at the morning service 
at the church on the following Sun- 
day, to take effect at a date to be 
determined later. He preached his 
farewell sermon at that church on 
Sunday morning, May 10. Mr. 
Lyman will not seek another pastor- 
ate, and for that reason his resigna- 
tion will not mean his removal from 
Fall River for the present, at least. 

During his quarter century resi- 
dence in Fall River, Mr. Ljinan 

The Classes 


has been active in many causes 
looking to the advancement of its 
welfare, and has been specially 
prominent in the promotion of the 
temperance cause and the advocat- 
ing of no-Ucense. He was one of the 
leaders in the movement which re- 
sulted in the estabhshment of the 
police commission, and has vigor- 
ously and thus far successfully de- 
fended it against the repeated as- 
saults of those who sought its 

He was a member of the school 
committee for three terms of three 
years each, from 1893 to 1901 in- 
clusive, decUning a re-election. He 
has long been a member of the cor- 
poration of the Associated Chari- 
ties, and was chairman of its vis- 
itors' conference for some years. 
He was also interested in starting 
the Rescue Mission, was president 
of the old Fruit and Flower Mission, 
and has given his encouragement to 
many other similar organizations 
here. He was one of the original 
members of the Congregational Club 
and its third president, and has 
twice been president of the Fall 
River Ministerial Association. 
Since 1890 he has been editorial 
writer of the Evening News. 

Rev. Dr. Swift, chairman of the 
council which acted on his resig- 
nation, says of him: — 

"Mr. Lyman has combined in an un- 
usual degree a strong, undaunted loy- 
alty to the great doctrines of the church 
and an unfailing courtesy and brotherli- 
ness in his attitude towards those who 
differ from him. An outstanding ele- 
ment in Mr. Lyman's usefulness has 
been his strong, persistent advocacy of 
various civic reforms not only in his pul- 
pit utterances but in the editorial col- 
umns of the News and before legislative 
bodies, and every cause which makes for 
righteousness has found in him a wise 
and loyal champion. In his personal re- 

lation with his own people he has stead- 
ily conserved the best features of the 
pastor and has been, in the words of 
his own people, 'a faithful pastor and 
a helpful friend.' Those who have 
known Mr. Lyman in his personal life 
and the heavy sorrows which have come 
to him, feel not only a glowing sympathy 
with him but a debt of gratitude for the 
example of unfailing faith and courage 
which he has shown." 


William R. Browt^, Secretary 

79 Park Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

At the commencement of New 
York University on June 10 the 
degree of Doctor of Laws was con- 
ferred on Francis Hovey Stoddard, 
retiring dean and professor of the 
EngUsh language and literature in 
the University College of Arts and 
Pure Science. 


Professor Herbert G. Lord, 


623 West 113th Street, New York, 
N. Y. 

Rev. C. L. Tomblen has resigned 
his pastorate at Montague, Mass. 

Prof. John M. Tyler, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass, 

Professor Talcott WiUiams, head 
of the Pulitzer School of Journalism, 
Columbia University, has become 
one of the editors of The Revision of 
the New International Encyclopedia, 
now in course of publication, tak- 
ing the position formerly occupied 
by President Oilman of Johns Hop- 
kins University. He deUvered the 
Commencement address at Lafayette 
College last June. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Rev. K. F. Norris of Marion, 
N. Y., has received a call to Middle- 
ton, Mass. 


Elihu G. Loomis, Secretary 

Bedford, Mass. 

Alfred Ely, of the firm of Agar, 
Ely & Fulton, lawyers, at 31 Nassau 
Street, died August 1, at his resi- 
dence, Meadowburn Farm, New 
M^lford, N. Y. He was born in 
Newton, Mass., on August 6, 1852, 
and was graduated from Amherst 
College in 1874. After two years 
in the office of Freeling Smith, he 
formed a partnership with John 
Giraud Agar and Louis M. Fulton. 

Besides carr3dng on his law busi- 
ness, Mr. Ely devoted much of his 
time to agriculture and to perfect- 
ing model dairy farms, which he 
owned. He was attorney for many 

In 1880 Mr. Ely married Helena 
Rutherfurd, great-granddaughter of 
John Rutherfurd, first United States 
Senator from New Jersey. By this 
marriage there were two children, 
Alfred Ely, Jr., and Helen Ruther- 
furd Ely, wife of Richard Worsam 

Mr. Ely was a member of the 
following clubs and associations: 
University, Sewanaka Yacht, Corin- 
thian Yacht, Automobile Club of 
America, City, Midday, Mayflower 
Descendants, Loyal Legion, Sons of 
the Revolution, Alpha Delta Phi, 
and the Association of the Bar. 

Mr. Ely was ninth in descent from 
William Brewster, who came on the 
Mayflower in 1620. His great- 
grandfather was Timothy Newell, a 
major in the Revolution. His pa- 
ternal ancestor, Nathaniel Ely, 

landed at Boston in 1634. His 
father was the late Alfred Brewster 
Ely, at one time owner and editor 
of the Boston Daily Times and Bos- 
ton Ledger. One of his classmates. 
Judge Mills, who attended his fun- 
eral, wrote on August 5 : 

"I attended Ely's funeral yesterday. 
It was held at Warwick, Orange County, 
N. Y., near which he died. I was the 
only member of our class present, and 
therefore felt well satisfied that I went, 
although it had been at considerable 
inconvenience. I met Mrs. Ely and the 
son and daughter, and from them learned 
the history of his illness. In the winter 
of 1912-13 he suffered from what was 
supposed to be rheumatism, and spent 
some time at the Virginia Hot Springs 
on account of it. The following sum- 
mer, his condition not having improved, 
he went to Germany and took the baths 
there at one of the celebrated places (I 
do not recall the name), and came back 
in the fall, as they thought, much bet- 
ter. The night of the last day of No- 
vember, however, he experienced a 
shock which partly paralyzed his left 
side, and in about a month had another 
one. He had the third shock in Febru- 
ary, and from that time on his case has 
been considered hopeless. He was con- 
scious, however, until about seven a. m. 
the day, the 1st instant, when he died 
at about noon. He was buried in the 
cemetery at Warwick, which is a very 
beautiful rural cemetery. He ranked 
well as a lawyer in New York City, and 
several prominent lawyers from there 
were present at the funeral." 

Ely has always been warmly inter- 
ested in the affairs of our class and of 
Amherst College. He attended our 
reunions faithfully and had been 
looking forward with anticipation of 
pleasure to our reunion of last sum- 
mer, but alas! Diis aliter visum. 

Prof. Munroe Smith contributes 
two reviews of historial subjects by 
German authors to the July num- 
ber of the American Historical Re- 

The Classes 


Rev. James Richmond has ter- 
minated his pastorate at Westmore, 
Vt., in order to accept a call to West 
Newbury, Vt., beginning his new 
duties on August 23. 

Frederick W. Whitridge, the New 
York lawyer, announces that his 
son has enlisted in the French army, 
and that he is glad of it. His son, 
it will be remembered, is a grandson 
of the English poet Matthew Arnold. 

William M, Ducher, Secretary 

277 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

In Case and Comment, the Law- 
yers' Magazine, for August, is a 
sketch, with portrait, of Gilbert Ray 
Hawes, "the Torrens Title Law- 
yer." We quote the following: 

"Mr. Hawes has been a member of 
the New York City bar since 1878. For 
over thirty years, and up to the time of 
the fire in January, 1912, he had an office 
in the Equitable Building. All hia 
books, papers, and records were de- 
stroyed in the conflagration, but, undis- 
mayed by the misfortune, he at once 
secured new offices and continued his 
professional labors. 

"He has been counsel in numerous 
cases, including litigation over Wagner's 
'Parsifal' and Biondi's 'Saturnalia.' 

"While prominent as attorney or 
counsel in corporation and real estate 
litigations, he is especially known from 
his earnest advocacy of the Torrens 
Land Title Registration System. He 
was active in securing the passage in 
New York of legislation along this line. 
First came the law of 1907, which au- 
thorized Governor Hughes to appoint a 
commission of experts to examine and 
report on the question of land transfer. 
Then came the report in favor of the 
Torrens system. Then came the Tor- 
rens land title registration law, other- 
wise known as article 12 of the real 
property law, enacted in May, 1908, but 
which did not go into effect until Febru- 
ary, 1909. Then came the amendments 
to the law, in order to make the same 

more practical and effectual, known as 
chapter 627 of the laws of 1910. All 
this required tremendous work and effort 
against the fiercest kind of opposition. 

"The practice and procedure under 
the Torrens law has been settled by a 
series of test cases, and the constitution- 
ality of its provisions has been upheld 
by the courts." 

Prof. Frank L. Hoffman, of Union 
College, gave the Commencement 
address at Knox College, and re- 
ceived there the degree of LL.D. 
The substance of his address, "The 
Present-Day Conception of the 
State," is to be given in London at 
the next meeting of the International 
Congress of Philosophy. — He writes: 
"My daughter Grace is now 'put- 
ting me in the shade' as a singer." 
Miss Grace Hoffman has been tour- 
ing with Sousa's band the past 
summer, and has received high praise 
as a soprano singer. 

Rev. a. DeW. Mason, Secretary 
222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Chas. S. Hartwell, President of 
the New York City Association of 
High School Teachers of English, 
had an article in the Journal of Edu- 
tion for July 2d, on the "Need of 
More Instruction in High School." 

Fowler is a busy man and one in 
love with his profession as a mechan- 
ical engineer. Even his vacation 
pleasures have a mechanical twang 
to them, as is evinced by his explor- 
ing the St. Lawrence river with an 
"Evenrude" motor boat. To this, 
as to the patience, skill, and endur- 
ance evinced thereby the secretary 
will bear unshakable testimony. 

Mrs. Emily A. Searle, the mother 
of our classmate Alonzo T. Searle, 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

died in July at Judge Searle's home 
in Honesdale,Pa.,in the eighty-ninth 
year of her age. She was the last 
survivor of the twelve children of 
the late Col. Jesse Putnam of Dan- 
vers, Mass., an officer of the War of 
1812. Her grandfather on her ma- 
ternal side, was Dr. Francis Mer- 
riam of Middletown, Mass., a sur- 
geon in that same war, and her 
earlier ancestors on both sides were 
of distinguished Revolutionary stock. 
In character and attainments Mrs. 
Searle did credit to her ancestry and 
has transmitted her virtues and abil- 
ities to her sons. 

Grey and E. G. Smith were the 
representatives of our class at Com- 
mencement this year. 

E. G. Smith successfully com- 
pleted his special course of lectures 
at Harvard in the spring term and 
is about to resume his professional 
work at Beloit College, where he 
has been Professor of Chemistry 
and Mineralogy for thirty-three 

Green is now living at Kendall 
Green, near Waltham, Mass., and 
announces the birth of a little 
daughter, by his third marriage. 

At the last Commencement of 
WiUiams College a new College song 
was sung, dedicated to President 
Garfield. The words were by Henry 
Daniel Wild and the music by 
Sumner Salter, Professor of Music at 

Marsh has for some years been 
doing quiet but effective work as 
an expert physiologist in charge of 
the Poisonous Plant Investigation 
Department of the Bureau of Plant 

Industry of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture. His published reports 
of various investigations especially 
those in relation to the "Loco- weed 
Disease" have had very great value 
in giving information to stock 
raisers as to the character and pre- 
vention or cure of this injurious 

Bond has moved to New York and 
his present address is, Care of the 
United States Metal Products Co., 
Ill Broadway. 

Dr. Hingeley, as secretary of the 
Board of Conference Claimants of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, is 
a very busy and a very successful 
man. Already the fall Conferences 
of the M. E. Church have pledged 
$7,000,000 to this Fund, and it is 
planned to raise a total of $10,000,- 
000. One of the methods of rais- 
ing these large sums is by a series of 
conventions, and such a meeting 
will be held at Washington, October, 
28, 29, and 30, during the meeting 
in that city of the Board of Bishops 
of the M. E. Church. Future gen- 
erations of the disabled ministers 
of the Methodist Church will have 
good reason to bless the memory of 
Dr. Hingeley. We note in a recent 
number of Zion's Herald an analysis 
of Dr. Hingeley of the cause of the 
European War, of which we can 
quote only one or two suggestive 
sentences. He says in his statement : 

"It is impossible to understand Ger- 
many's fear of Russia, without taking 
into consideration the Pan-Slavic move- 
ment, and recognizing that back of the 
Russian imperialism there is the funda- 
mental democracy of Russian village 
and community life. The Pan-Slavic 
movement is racial, almost ethnic, and 
such a movement of peoples can no more 
be hindered or thwarted by surface 

Th e Classes 


movement of kings, emperors, and rulers, 
than can the swell of the sea be hindered, 
impeded, or thwarted by the surface 
movement of tempests, tides, or hurri- 
canes. , , , . 

"Germany felt and dreaded this move- 
ment, which meant the contraction of 
her eastern frontier by bringing back 
Poland, Hungary, and the Balkans to 
Slavic influence and the Slavic people. 
But to German imperialism it meant 
even more than this — it meant the tri- 
umph of fundamental democracy and 
the shoving aside of imperialism." 

The engagement is announced of 
Mr. Cameron MacLeod, the son 
of our late classmate, WiUiam A. 
MacLeod. He will marry Miss 
Mary P. Morris of Hawthorne 
Berwyn, Pa. 


Prof. N. Norman Gardiner, 

23 Crafts Avenue, Northampton, 
In addition to his numerous busi- 
ness, reUgious and civic-municipal 
activities, Barbour takes a lively 
and prominent interest in politics. 
On July 9 he presided at a big rally 
in Long Beach, Cal, in support of 
the Republican candidate for gover- 

Moore, who until recently was 
organizer under Booker Washington 
of the Negro Business Men's League, 
has returned to teaching, having 
been elected, without seeking the 
position himself, but on the recom- 
mendation of a number of educators 
and other fellow townsmen in 
Greensboro, Principal of the Col- 
ored Graded School in Reidsville, 
N. C. 

For the first time a member of 
78 has ventured to send his daugh- 

ter to Smith CoUege, where Gar- 
diner has been teaching for thirty 
years. The risk has this year been 
boldly taken by Tower. 

On Bunker Hill Day, June 17, 
Mr. and Mrs. Wellman and their 
daughter entertained at their sum- 
mer home in Topsfield, Mass., a 
78 party, consisting of White, 
Mossman, Stearns, Slack, and 
Sleeper, with their wives, and Eaton, 
Johnson, and Hitchcock. Those 
who did not go by their own con- 
veyances were met at the Wen- 
ham station and driven out by auto- 
mobile. Gardiner and Whipple, 
who were also invited, made their 
visit a few days later. 


Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, 

Carnegie Institution, Washington 
D. C. 

One of Brooklyn's distinguished 
citizens who arrived home August 
20 on the steamer France was the 
Rev. Dr. Nehemiah Boynton, pas- 
tor of the CUnton Avenue Congre- 
gational Church, who went to Europe 
to attend the International Confer- 
ence of the Church Peace Union at 
Constance. Dr. Boynton did not 
reach his destination, but was happy 
to be able to get from Paris to 
Havre, bound for home, on a tram 
ordinarily used to transport horses. 
With Dr. Boynton on this trip rode 
an editor of the Congregationalist, 
but despite their uncomfortable 
quarters the two gentlemen of the 
cloth proved to be philosophers and 
accepted the situation with a smile. 
"I have traveled amid more san- 
itary surroundings," was Dr. Boyn- 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

ton's smiling comment, "but I 
would not want to complain." 

Of the war situation Dr. Boyn- 
ton said: 

"Europe is prepared to settle right 
now for all time the question of whether 
or not there shall be a war lord there. 
It is perfectly outrageous that one man 
should be permitted to churn up all 
Europe in the way the Kaiser did. I 
believe that out of this war will come a 
greater contribution to peace than we 
could possibly have arranged at the con- 
ference in Constance. I am sure that 
one result will be partial disarmament, 
for the nations of the world cannot any 
longer stand the strain under which 
they have existed for so many years. 

"I believe that other nations will be 
drawn into this conflict. I hope this 
country will be able to keep out of it, 
but I do not think that America can 
stand by and afford to see the German 
arms win. It is very likely that there 
will be a change in the face of Europe 
after this war. There may be a revolu- 
tion in Germany. Lower Germany has 
never had much sympathy with the war 

Dr. Stanton Coit of London, who 
has been visiting friends in New 
York, tells this story on himself: 

"At a reception in London a young 
woman was persisting that I should 
dance with her. I explained that I 
hadn't danced for years. 'But,' said 
she, 'I do so want to say I've danced 
with the head of the Ethical society in 
London.' So I consented on condition 
that we dance in a room off to the side, 
where my awkwardness would not be 
so conspicuous. As I was hopping about 
perspiringly I became conscious that I 
was under observation. I looked up. 
In the doorway stood Bernard Shaw, 
with a smile of devilish delight. 

"'Ah,' said Shaw, 'it's the ethical 
movement, I perceive.'" 

Frank H. Parsons, Secretary 

60 WaU Street, New York, N. Y. 

W. S. Nelson, D.D., of Homs, 
Syria, author of "Habeeb the Be- 

loved," pubUshed by the Westmin- 
ster Press, Philadelphia, published 
also in the spring a book entitled 
"Silver Chimes in Syria." 


John P. Gushing, Secretary 

New Haven, Conn. 

John Albree of Swampscott, is 
Recording Secretary, also member 
of the Council of the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Society. 


Dr. John B. Walker, Secretary 

33 East 33d St., New York, N. Y. 

At the Commencement of Har- 
vard University on June 18, the 
degree of Doctor of Laws was con- 
ferred on Chief Justice Rugg in 
the following terms: 

"Arthur Prentice Rugg, chief justice 
of the Supreme Judicial Court of Mass- 
achusetts. A judge whose patience and 
devotion, keen mind, and yet keener 
conscience, have compelled the admira- 
tion of all members of the bar." 

District Superintendent D. L. 
Bardwell, New York City, gave a 
course in school management and 
a course in secondary school prob- 
lems at the Dartmouth College 
summer school during July and 

Dr. H. Seymour Houghton, of 
301 West 88th Street, formerly 
president of the New York County 
Medical Association, died suddenly 
September 11, in the 14th Street 
station of the subway. 

Dr. Houghton was riding on a 
northbound train, and soon after 

The Classes 


it had left Brooklyn Bridge passen- 
gers noticed that he was ill. At 
the 14th Street station he was car- 
ried to the platform and placed on 
a bench. Dr. de Fucci, of St. Vin- 
cent's Hospital, who was sum- 
moned, said that Dr. Houghton was 
dead when he arrived. 

He was born in New York, April 
7, 1862, the son of Matthew H. 
and Sarah Se}Tnour Houghton. He 
was graduated from Amherst Col- 
lege in 1883, and studied medicine 
at Bellevue, from which he was 
graduated in 1886. After a year 
of study abroad he began to prac- 
tice in this city. He was a brother 
of Clarence S. Houghton, '88, United 
States Commissioner. His office 
was at 301 West 88th Street. 

Dr. Houghton in 1889 married 
Miss Sarah Preston, who with one 
eon and three daughters survives 
him. He was a member of the Acad- 
emy of Medicine, the American 
Medical Association, the New York 
Yacht, University, Republican, and 
Rumson Country Clubs. 

Rev. Howard A. Bridgman, edi- 
tor of the Congregationalist and 
Christian World, was one of the 
many Amherst men who were 
abroad this summer when the war 
broke out. In the Congregational- 
ist for August 27, he gives his ex- 
periences in a very interesting ar- 
ticle, "Paris as the War Broke Out." 
In the July issue of the Bibliotheca 
Sacra, he has an article entitled 
"The Leadership of the Church in 
Modern Life." 

Rev. Williston Walker reviews 
"The Rise and FaU of the High 
Conmiission," by Prof. Roland G. 
Usher, in the July number of the 
American Historical Review. 

WiLLARD H. Wheeler, Secretary 
2 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. C. F. Weeden, pastor of 
Harvard Congregational Church at 
Dorchester, Mass., received the de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity last June 
at the 85th Annual Commencement 
of Illinois College. 


Frank E. Whitman, Secretary 

411 West 114th Street, New York, 
N. Y. 

Edwin B. Woodin, 54, of the 
Francis-Woodin Realty Trust, died 
August 4 at his home, 36 Florentine 
Gardens, Springfield, after a short 
illness with Bright' s disease. He 
had been in ill health for some time. 
Mr. Woodin had been engaged in 
the real estate business in Spring- 
field for a number of years, and the 
trust of which he was a member 
brought about a great deal of build- 
ing and real estate development in 
the city, 

Mr. Woodin was born in China, 
the son of Rev. S. F. Woodin, a man 
famous in missionary work in that 
country. Mr. Woodin came to this 
country when he was fourteen years 
old and hved here until his death. 
He attended Amherst College, and 
after his graduation in 1885 taught 
for a time in the Pennsylvania Mil- 
itary Academy at Chester, Penn. 

He married Miss Alice Cutler, 
daughter, of Leroy Cutler of 27 
Sargeant Street. Soon after his 
marriage he came to this city and 
with E. D. Francis formed the 
Francis-Woodin Realty Trust. He 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

was a Knight Templar, a 3 2d degree 
Mason, and a member of the 
Masonic Ckib. He leaves a widow, 
two daughters, Dorothy and Ruth, 
a brother, Rev. H. B. Woodin, of 
Oberhn, Ohio, who formerly lived 
in Chicopee, and three sisters, 
Mrs. W. B. Van Allen, and the 
Misses Mary E. and Gertrude L. 

Rev. F. B. Richards, whose call 
from South Boston to the North 
Congregational Church of St. Johna- 
bury, Vt., was reported in the April 
number of The Quarterly, entered 
upon his new field of work on Sun- 
day, April 19. 

The following is quoted from 
the San Francisco Argonaut: 

"Rarely do two men come to a task 
so well equipped as Edward Breck and 
Charles Harvey Genung, the translators 
of 'Florian Mayr,' the successful novel 
of German musical life by Wolzogen, 
soon to be published in English by B. W. 
Huebsch. Both men are Americans who 
studied abroad and lived on the Conti- 
nent long enough to absorb its life and 
to cultivate a cosmopolitan attitude of 
mind. Dr. Breck was literary adviser to 
a German publishing house, assistant 
consul-general at Berlin, and then worked 
on the London Times. Mr. Genung's 
experience has been similarly varied." 

Arthur F. Stone has accepted the 
position of editor of the Spring- 
field, Vt., Reporter, and entered his 
new field in August. He has re- 
moved with his family from St. 
Johnsbury and until further notice 
his address will be Springfield, Vt. 

Robert A. Woods, '86, has re- 
ceived this message from Alvan F. 
Sanborn, one of the early residents 
of the South End House, and Paris 
correspondent of the Boston Trans- 

"After an interval of twenty years I 
have resumed 'The Work.' 1 have just 
enlisted as a private soldier (volunteer) 
in the French Army — to do my little 
part in defending the cause of chivalry 
against cruelty, of esprit against pedan- 
try. I hope I have your best wishes." 


Charles E. Marble, Secretary 

4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. A. E. Cross, of Brookline, 
Mass., has received a call to Mil- 
ford, Mass. 

Daniel F. Kellogg, has an inter- 
esting article in the July issue of 
the North American Review, entitled 
"The Changed American." 

In an account of the American 
steamship Lorenzo, which was cap- 
tured by a British cruiser while in 
the act of coaUng the German cruiser 
Karlsruhe at sea, the New York Her- 
ald remarks : 

"One of the most important func- 
tions of the State Department in the 
present war is the preservation of Amer- 
ican neutrality. Robert Lansing, Coun- 
sellor of the State Department, is en- 
trusted with this grave responsibility." 

Heaton Treadway, son of Con- 
gressman Allen T. Treadway, won 
first in the 200-yards dash and sec- 
ond in the 100-yard, at the junior 
national games at Baltimore, Fri- 
day, September 11. 

Edward H. Fallows was in April 
elected President of the New York 
Center of the Drama League of 
America. In June he was elected 
President of the Phi Beta Kappa 
Alumni of New York. 

The Classes 

Wallace M. Leonard, Secretary 

23 Forest Street, Newton Highlands, 


Homer Gard is now postmaster 
in Hamilton, Ohio. 

Clarence S. Houghton, former 
Assistant United States Attorney, 
has been appointed United States 
Commissioner. He was selected for 
the place by District Court Judges 
Holt, Hand, and Mayer. His ap- 
pointment fills a long-felt need of 
another committing magistrate to 
sit in Federal cases. 

Henry H. Bosworth, Secretary 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 

At the Commencement of the 
Thompsonville High School, Thomp- 
sonville, Conn., June 10, the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of Edgar H. Park- 
man's incumbency as Principal was 
celebrated. It appears from this 
that he became Principal of the 
school as soon as he was graduated 
at Amherst, and that the entire 
time since has been passed in that 

The Journal of Edxication for June 
4 contained an article on "The Uni- 
versity Situation," by William E. 


Edwin B. Child, Secretary 

62 South Washington Square, New 
York, N. Y. 

The degree of Doctor of Laws 
was conferred, June 18, on Charles 

S. Whitman of New York, by 
Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He was the orator at 
the eighty-eighth Commencement 
of that university. The Review of 
Reviews for the same month con- 
tains a very interesting article en- 
titled "The World's Greatest Pros- 
ecuting Office," the author being 
District Attorney Whitman. 


WiNSLOw H. Edwards, Secretary 
Easthampton, Mass. 

St. John's Episcopal Church, Chf- 
ton, Staten Island, of which Rev. 
Edward A. Dodd is rector, cele- 
brated its seventieth anniversary on 
March 29. 

In The Nation for April 9 there is 
a very discriminating article on 
the novehst Joseph Conrad, by 
Henry W. Boynton. His opening 
section, comparing Conrad with 
some contemporaries may here be 
quoted : 

"Conrad's place among current Eng- 
lish writers is peculiar. It is detached, 
and a little aloof. It represents a lit- 
erary career virtually contemporary 
with that of the group of brilliant irre- 
sponsibles which, during the past dec- 
ade, has so joyously and consciously 
dominated the scene. Shaw is not 
Chesterton, and Chesterton is not Ben- 
nett; but they and their comrades in 
brilliancy are confessedly all of a piece 
in their attitude towards the public. 
Amuse the brute: if it wants a variety 
show, see that it gets its shilling's worth. 
Why be a homely slighted shepherd 
when one knows how to be a head- 
liner? Never mind dignity, never mind 
reserves — watch 'em sit up! Thus, to 
the amazement and consternation of a 
responsible America, has frivolous Brit- 
ain conducted her recent experiments 
in what we have been bred to revere as 
English literature. The method has 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

its penalties. 'Have you seen Chester- 
ton's latest?' or 'Oh, Bernard Shaw, of 
course!' Contrast these social casual- 
ties, and the smile of easy patronage 
appertaining, with the expressions, ver- 
bal and other, of respect and esteem 
greeting the name Conrad. 

"'Esteem' is an old-fashioned word, 
but there is none which, after reaching 
middle age, an artist in any sort is 
likely to hold in higher regard. It means 
something solid, something stable and 
well-rounded in his make-up and achieve- 
ment; something human, too, in a 
quieter and less spectacular sense, of 
that patient old word. People who 
have not read Conrad have this sort 
of feeling for him. It is in the air. 
Fame, indeed, is determined neither by a 
special constituency nor by a vast com- 
prehensive public. It is less a matter 
of consensus than of general impression. 
And Joseph Conrad is a name which, 
by the general impression, stands for 
fine and strong work, and for an uncom- 
monly interesting personality. Men- 
tion him in any company and you find 
him cheerfully conceded a place at or 
near 'the head' in contemporary litera- 
ture. Even persons who do not greatly 
relish his quality admit that it is there 
to be relished. There is a kind of 
glamour about him.'! 


DiMON Roberts, Secretary 

43 South Summit Street, Ypsilanti, 


EUiot Judd Northrup of Syracuse, 
N. Y., CorneU Law School, '94, is 
now a professor in the Law School 
of Tulane University, New Orleans. 

Since the death of his wife, which 
occurred in the past year, William 
E. Byrnes has moved from Oberlin 
to Cleveland. His present address is 
22 Rosahne Avenue, East Cleveland, 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 

George D. Pratt with his two 
boys and two nephews spent the 
summer in Alaska and the Glacier 
National Park in northern Mon- 
tana. Pratt writes regarding his 
trip as follows : 

"We took the inland sea route, going 
as far as Valdez and at Skagway took the 
railroad to the summit of the White 
Pass, where so many men perished, 
who made the rush for the Yukon in 
the spring of '97 and '98. We were 
able to catch the king salmon with a 
trolling spoon. The last time I was 
there the only way the Indians could 
catch this fish was by spearing them. 
We also got close to some schools of 
'Killer' whales. On our return we 
visited Child's Glacier which is 300 feet 
high, a mile long, and extends back sev- 
enty-five miles in the mountains. Twice 
while we were there salmon were washed 
up on our shore by the waves, caused by 
the ice breaking from the glacier. All 
of the ports are open the year round, 
the Japan current keeping the weather 
so warm that the temperature in any of 
the coast towns is seldom lower than 
zero during the v.anter months. 

"After taking the Alaska trip we went 
to the Glacier National Park in north- 
ern Montana and spent two weeks in a 
country which is very like Switzerland, 
camping out and roughing it. Our pack 
train consisted of eighteen horses, five for 
ourselves, four for the men, and the 
rest for the packs. The park is dotted 
with the most beautiful lakes, and I 
was never in a section — unless pos- 
sibly Alaska — where there were so 
many waterfalls. 

"We camped as high as 7500 feet on 
one occasion, and 7200 on another. 
Such an elevation was very invigorat- 
ing. We saw in wild life mountain sheep, 
goat and deer, and had fair fishing. The 
weather was all that could be wished 
for, and the park is a place which every 
American should see. 

"The Great Northern Railroad has 
located chalets, or small hotels, in dif- 
ferent sections of the park, so that tour- 

The Classes 


ists may go from one section to an- 
other on horseback, and yet be very 
comfortable, if they care to see the 
park in this way. 

"We, however, were glad to go in 
the wilder parts of the park, where we 
were not disturbed by the great number 
of tourists." 

F. M. Lay was recently elected 
President of the Civic Club of 
Kewanee, 111. Lay's active inter- 
est in Kewanee is indicated by his 
affiliation with many business in- 
stitutions and organizations, among 
them being the Boss Manufacturing 
Company, of which he is Secretary 
and Treasurer; Galesburg & Ke- 
wanee Electric Railway Company, 
which he serves as Secretary and 
Treasurer; Lyman-Lay Company, 
and Midland Country Club, of 
which he is one of the Governors. 

William C. Breed was Treasurer 
of the American Citizens' Relief 
Committee of London. He has 
given the following account of some 
of the activities of the Committees: 

"The American Citizens' Committee 
of London sprang into existence to 
meet an unparalleled situation which 
was precipitated upon our Embassy and 
Consulate in twenty-four hours. 

"Upwards of 15,000 Americans found 
themselves in many cases separated 
from family or friends without money 
or means of cashing credits, with can- 
celled passage tickets, in fact, literally 
stranded. On Sunday, August 2, a 
meeting of Americans was held at the 
Waldorf Hotel, which resulted in the 
naming of a General Committee, with 
power to add to its members. On 
Monday official headquarters were 
opened at the Savoy Hotel. The work 
of the Committee expanded so rapidly 
that it was almost immediately neces- 
sary to use the full accommodation which 
this large hotel had to offer. The large 
ball-room on the first floor, a smaller 
ball-room on the second floor, and three 
large committee rooms were soon alive 
with signs showing the location of dif- 
ferent departments in process of forma- 

tion. From 2000 to 4000 Americans vis- 
ited these quarters daily, and over 16,000 
Americans had registered up to Aug- 
ust 19. 

"The General Committee met each 
day at 10 a. m. and again at 4 p. m. In 
the first few days public announcements 
were made from hour to hour as infor- 
mation was obtained. Later, the Com- 
mittee printed a newspaper known as 
the American Bulletin, thousands of 
copies of which were distributed free of 
charge daily. 

"The various committees and bureaus 
were continually at work each day 
from 9 a. m. to 6.30 p. m., and the in- 
dividual workers and chairman often 
extended their labors into the night. 

"Americans were assisted in getting 
money, getting transportation home, 
tracing lost baggage, and through the 
generosity of many Americans, the 
Committee was able to furnish imme- 
diate relief in hundreds of cases of ac- 
tual need and distress. The entire ex- 
penses of the Committee were met by 
voluntary subscriptions of Americans. 

"The New York Tribune referred to 
the Committee's accomplishments, 
which greatly impressed English ob- 

Frederick W. Beekman spent the 
summer at Bar Harbor, Me. In 
the absence of Bishop Atwood, he 
preached during the summer at the 
Episcopal Chapel at Winter Harbor. 

Dr. Jesse Hall Allen announces a 
new candidate for Norton's "Sec- 
ond Fhght Cup." John Dwight 
Allen arrived July 6, 1914, "weighs 
nine pounds and looks like a 

Rev. Lewis T. Reed, of Brook- 
IjTi, N. Y., has been elected Presi- 
dent of the Board of Trustees of 
the New York Home Missionary 
Society of the Congregational 

The annual report of the Amer- 
ican Academy in Rome for the 
current year states that: 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

"The place made vacant on the Board 
of Trustees by the death of Mr. Morgan 
was filled by the election of Mr. Charles 
D. Norton, who was also elected a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee. The 
president (William Rutherford Mead, 
'67), the vice-president, Mr. Norton and 
Mr. McClellan have, during the past 
year, visited our establishment in Rome 
and, upon their return, have reported at 
our meetings their impressions of the 
conduct of the Academy and the progress 
of its work." 

Shea is a member of the Board 
of Assessors of Palmer town, a mem- 
ber of the School Board, and has 
recently been appointed Postmaster 
of Bondville, Mass. 

Two thousand children took part 
in the exercises held August 12 in 
City Park, at Navy Street and Park 
Avenue, Brooklyn, in connection 
with the dedication of the wading 
basin, sand pit, and pergola, pre- 
sented to the city by George D. 
Pratt. One thousand mothers also 
were present, and enjoyed the inter- 
esting programme. The children 
and their parents showed their ap- 
preciation by loudly cheering Mr. 
Pratt, Controller William A. Pren- 
dergast, and Park Commissioner 
Ra5miond V. IngersoU, who were 
the chief speakers. 

After the playing of the "Star 
Spangled Banner" and the render- 
ing of several selections by a brass 
band, Park Commissioner IngersoU, 
Amherst, '97, chairman of the occa- 
sion, dehvered a brief address, in 
which he outlined the work being 
accomplished so that the children 
can safely enjoy their recreation in 
the parks of the borough. He said 
that it was due to the able support 
of the city's leading officials and 
men like Mr. Pratt that he was able 
to equip the different parks with 
apparatus that helped the children 

enjoy good clean recreation. Mr. 
IngersoU said that the most signifi- 
cant gift received since he took 
office was that of Mr. Pratt, for 
which he was very thankful. 

When Mr. Pratt was introduced 
the children, aU of whom were sup- 
pUed with flags, sent up three cheers 
for the man who has done so much 
for their recreation. 

"It is a great pleasure and a great 
privilege to me to have had the pool 
constructed," said Mr. Pratt. "While 
in Chicago recently, I was very much 
impressed with the way children en- 
joyed themselves in a wading basin. 1 
immediately arrived at the conclusion 
that such things were needed here, and 
took the matter up with Park Com- 
missioner IngersoU. I left it to him 
entirely to pick out the place where it 
should be located, and his choice was 
City Park." 

As ControUer Prendergast stepped 
forward the cheers were renewed. 

"Mr. Pratt has tendered this beauti- 
ful gift to the City of Brooklyn, but I 
will accept it with many thanks on be- 
half of the City of New York," said the 
Controller, with a broad smile on his 
face. "My dear people, the Pratt 
family has done a great deal for this 
city, and we should not forget the debt 
we owe them for their generous 

The semi-circular basin is 60 feet 
in length, and is constructed of 
concrete, and is only 18 inches at 
its deepest part. The sand pit con- 
tains 18 inches of white sand, where 
the children can dig and enjoy 
themselves otherwise. 

The handsome pergola, which is 
to the west of the sand pit, con- 
tains many seats where mothers 
can sit and watch their children at 
play, and where the children can 
rest themselves. 

The Classes 



Henry E. Whitcomb, Secretary 
Station A, Worcester, Mass. 

The following from Henry T. 
Noyes, founder of the Reunion 
Trophy Competition, is worthy of 
a place here, not only for its value 
as a record but for the part that '94 
has taken in it since its inception: 

"I give you below a report as to the 
Reunion Trophy Competition of last 
June, the classes being arranged in the 
order of highest percentage secured: 


Member- Men Percent- 
ship Present age 
1894 74 52 70.27 
1884 77 46 59.74 
1889 103 58 56.31 
1911 154 76 49.35 
1908 124 54 43.54 
1899 103 42 40.38 
1913 167 52 31.14 
1904 119 35 29.41 

"This is the third time the class of 
'94 has won the Trophy, the previous 
records being as follows: 

Won in 1904 with a percentage of 85.33 
Won in 1909 with a percentage of 83.5." 

Luther Ely Smith was one of the 
prime movers in the great pageant 
and masque that was held in St. 
Louis, May 27 to 3L 

From the New York Times Book 
Review, September 13, we quote 
the following : 

"Those who desire to believe in the 
efficacy of foreign missionarj' work 
will find encouragement to that end in 
'Sociological Progress in Mission Lands,' 
a volume containing a series of lectures 
delivered by Dr. Edward Warren Capen, 
Secretary of the Kennedy School of 
Missions at Hartford, Conn. Dr. Capen 
shows that, aside from its achievements 
in the matter of conversions to Chris- 
tianity, the mission work that has been 
performed in Asia, Africa, and other 
parts of the world has effected impor- 
tant beneficial changes in ancient civil- 

izations and removed great evils in 
heathen society existent for many hun- 
dreds of years." (Fleming H. Revell 
Company, $1.50.) 

Charles W. Disbrow of Cleve- 
land, has obtained a year's leave of 
absence from East High School, 
and is tutoring a boy in the Adiron- 
dacks. His address is Eagle Bay, 
Fulton Chain of Lakes, N. Y. 

Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary 
60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

Edith Gibb, wife of W. Eugene 
Kimball, daughter of the late John 
and Harriet Balsdon Gibb, died at 
New Canaan, Conn., on Wednesday, 
September 9, 1914. 

Dean-elect Archibald L. Bouton 
was voted the most popular pro- 
fessor by the class of 1914 of New 
York University. 

Dr. B. Kendall Emerson, Secretary 
56 William Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Under the title "Interesting 
People," the American Magazine for 
July pubhshes a very interesting 
article by John Ohver Lagroce, on 
"The Grosvenor Twins." To Gil- 
bert H. Grosvenor and his work 
as Editor-in-Chief and later Direc- 
tor of the National Geographic So- 
ciety, the article pays a high trib- 
ute, stating: 

"The National Geographic Society, 
under his guiding hand, extended its 
valuable but somewhat narrow lane of 
technical geography into a broad high- 
way of practical geographic education 
for the layman which has popularized 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

the study of this, the most inclusive of 
all sciences throughout America, and it 
is today the largest scientific organiza- 
tion in existence, having for its object 
the collection and dissemination of geo- 
graphic knowledge, a purely altruistic 
body with a membership of two hun- 
dred and seventy-five thousand, and he 
edits a publication which occupies a 
unique position in the magazine world." 

The work of Edwin P. Grosvenor 
as the Government "trust buster" is 
highly praised for his having distin- 
guished himself again and again by 
winning for the Government such 
cases as that of the American To- 
bacco Company, Night Riders in 
Kentucky, the so-called "Bath Tub 
Trust," the Window Glass Com- 
bination, the Harvester Trust. The 
article concludes with the following 
interesting paragraph : 

" In a very important matter, however, 
the twins are dissimilar — one is mar- 
ried and has six children; the other is a 
confirmed bachelor. Guess 1" 

Edwin P. Grosvenor has later 
become a member of the law firm 
of Cadwalader, Wickersham and 
Taft in New York City; see the 
Quarterly for January, 1914, p. 

Henry M. Moses was married to 
Miss Anne Cummings, June 24, 
in Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Gerald M. Richmond announces 
the arrival of a son, Gerald Martin 
Richmond, Jr., on July 30. 

Of Prof. Raymond McFarland of 
Middlebury College, who has been 
nominated by the Progressives of 
the First District for Congress, 
the Rutland Herald, in addition to 
his political views, publishes the 
following sketch: 

"Professor McFarland is a descendant 
of Scottish Highlanders who settled 
along the Maine coast previous to the 
Revolution. He was brought up on a 
farm and secured his education at 
Bucksport Seminary and Amherst Col- 
lege in the class of 1897. He secured 
the degree of A.M. by one year of 
graduate study at Yale University. 
He did considerable study in economics 
under Prof. H. C. Emery, chairman of 
President Taft's tariff board. He spe- 
cialized in American constitutional his- 
tory while at Yale. 

"He has been a teacher in the pub- 
lic schools in Maine, Maasachusetta, 
and New York and Vermont since 
graduation from college. He came to 
Vermont in 1902 as teacher of history 
and pedagogy in the Castleton Normal 
School. He marriedjElizabeth Bacon at 
Rutland in 1904. In 1909 he came to 
Middlebury College as professor of 
secondary education. During the past 
six years he has lectured at the sum- 
mer session here and since 1912 has been 

"Professor McFarland made a survey 
of the secondary schools of the state in 
1911-12. In a review of this report in 
the Educational Review, President But- 
ler's educational organ, the writer 
states: 'It is an unpleasant task that 
the author of this pamphlet has under- 
taken, but if it leads in Vermont to a 
complete reorganization of the system 
of state inspection, he has deserved well 
of the commonwealth.' 

"The candidate's 'History of the 
New England Fisheries,' published in 
1911, is recognized as an authoritative 
work on the fisheries industries. He 
spent five years in writing the history 
and visited all important fishing ports on 
the Atlantic coast from Virginia to New- 
foundland for the purpose of securing 

"In college Professor McFarland held 
the record of being the strongest man in 
his class and the second strongest that 
had come there up to his time. He 
sailed for two seasons from Glou- 
cester in the deep sea fisheries. Dur- 
ing that time he visited all the fishing 
grounds along the Atlantic coast from 
Hatteras to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 
Nor was this for strength and health 
or love of the briny deep. Like many a 
college man — it was for college bills. 

The Classes 


"In 1910 he led an expedition into 
the unknown Mistassini region of Labra- 
dor. One of the tasks was a 900-mile 
canoe trip. In handling a canoe Mr. 
McFarland is an expert, and is also a 
crack shot. 

"He is a lover of outdoor sports, with 
baseball as his favorite." 


Rev. Charles E. Merriam, 

31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 

Rev, F. Q. Blanchard, pastor of 
the First Congregational Church, 
East Orange, N. J., has decided to 
dechne a call he received this sum- 
mer to become Educational Secre- 
tary under the seven Congrega- 
tional societies to coordinate work 
for young people. 

Rev. J. C. Whiting, pastor of the 
Claremont Park Congregational 
Church, New York City, has ac- 
cepted a call to the assistant pas- 
torate of Second Congregational 
Church, Hartford, Conn., to take 
effect September 1st. 

Walter HoUis Eddy, acting prin- 
cipal since January of the New York 
High School of Commerce, is a can- 
didate for principal of that institution. 
He has been closely connected with 
it and its administrative problems 
since the school began. 


Edward W. Hitchcock, Secretary 
17 Battery Place, New York, N. Y. 

In the Journal of Philosophy, Psy- 
chology and Scientific Methods for 
July 2d, Wm. J. Newlin reviews 
Prof. WiUiam Caldwell's new book 
on "Pragmatism and Idealism." 

"Cidture by Forcible Feeding at 
Amherst, President Meiklejohn's 
Revolutionary Rule that all Courses 
shaU be Table d'Hote, no longer a 
la Carte," is the title of a very in- 
teresting full page article which 
appeared in the Boston Evening 
Transcript, on Saturday, June 20. 
The article is written by Harry 
A. Bullock. 


Fred H. Klaer, Secretary 

334 South 16th Street, Philadel- 
phia, Penn. 

We quote the following from the 
Watchman-Examiner for July 23: 

"Two years ago Dr. Thomas Valen- 
tine Parker, of the Borough of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., was called to Evansville, 
Ind. He went, and his work there has 
been eminently successful. But when 
was a New Yorker ever perfectly happy 
outside of New York? Now, the First 
Church, Binghamton, one of the finest 
churches in the state, has given Dr. 
Parker a unanimous call. He has not 
yet accepted the call, but if he as sen- 
sible a man as we believe him to be he 
will accept it promptly. We have 
known Dr. Parker long and intimately, 
and we congratulate the church at 
Binghamton upon its choice." 

To the above item we may add 
that Dr. Parker accepted the call. 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary 
Englewood, N. J. 

Rev. N. S. Elderkin has received 
a call from Plymouth Congrega- 
tional Church, Lawrence, Kan., to 

Newtonville, Mass. 

Frank E. Wade is practising law 
in New York City. 

Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Arthur W. Towne is at present 
Superintendent of the Brooklyn 
Society for the Prevention of Cru- 
elty to Children at Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary 
36 South Street, Campello, Mass. 

John H. Frizzell is at present As- 
sociate Professor of English at the 
Pennsylvania State CoUege, State 
College, Penn. 

Clinton Henry Collester is teach- 
ing at the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, Boston. 

A son, Robert Ewald, was bom 
September 22, to Henry W. and 
Emily Stearns Giese, of Boston. 


Clifford P. Warren, Secretary 

26 Park Street, West Roxbury, 


Word has been reached us of the 
birth, February 20th last, of Henry 
Cody Higginbottom, fourth child 
and second son of Sam Higginbot- 
tom, ex-'03, superintendent of the 
Department of Agriculture, Ewing 
Christian College at Allahabad, 
India. Professor Higginbottom has 
an article in Christian Work for 
July 4, 1914, entitled "American 
Farming Methods in India." 

Bom to Mr. and Mrs. Marcus A. 
Rhodes, July 6, 1914, a daughter, 
Rowena Lincoln. 

Prof. James W. Park, of Colorado 
College, is teaching EngUsh and 
Pubhc Speaking at Harvard Uni- 

versity during the year 1914-15. 
This is under an arrangement for 
the exchange of professors between 
the two institutions. — Born to Mr. 
and Mrs. J. W. Park, July 16, 1914, 
a daughter, Gertrude Virginia. 

Frederick A. Field, Jr., is now en- 
gaged in the insurance business at 
Rutland, Vt. 

Clyde T. Griswold is engaged this 
fall in mining and engineering work 
in Labrador. 

James S. Taylor is with the Baker 
Lumber Co., Salt Lake City, Utah. 


Rev. Karl 0. Thompson, Secretary 
643 Eddy Road, Cleveland, Ohio 

The class officers elected at the 
Decennial are as follows: President, 
Harry E. Taylor; vice-president, 
J. Frank Kane; treasurer, George 
K. Pond; secretary of the Reunion 
Committee, Charles E. Ballou. The 
class secretary remains as before, 
Rev. Karl 0. Thompson. 

R. H. Baker has been advanced 
to full Professor of Astronomy and 
Director of Laws Observatory, in 
the University of Missouri. 

D. L. Bartlett is now with the 
R. M. Delapenta Co., of Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. A son, Donald Lord, 
Jr., arrived December 27, 1913. 

Rev. E. H. Goold is Vice-Principal 
of the St. Augustine School, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

W. N. Morse is living at "Gray 
Rocks," Amherst, and is engaged in 

The Classes 


literary work. Last fall he pub- 
lished a three-act drama entitled 
"Peach Bloom/' which has received 
a very favorable notice. 

W. L. Vosburgh gained the A.M. 
degree at Columbia in 1913 and is 
head of the department of Mathe- 
matics in the Boston Norma) School. 

M. T. Abel is with the New York 
Life Insurance Co., in Richmond, 

D. L. S5Tnington is now in the 
foundry business in Rochester, N. Y. 
Address Box 993. 

Fayette B. Dow, Esq., having 
been appointed attorney for the 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
at Washington, D. C, the law firm 
of Hitchings and Dow has been dis- 
solved by mutual consent. 


John B. O'Brien, Secretary 

309 Washington Avenue, Brookljm, 
N. Y. 

The Quarterly Journal of Eco- 
nomics for February contains an 
article by John Maurice Clark on 
"Some Economic Aspects of the 
New England Short Haul Clause." 
Prof. Clark taught this summer at 
the University of Chicago Summer 

Charles T. Hopkins is a lawyer in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Maurice A. Lynch is practising 
law in New York City. 

On June 12, eleven Amherst '05 
men in and about Boston met for 
their first class dinner in that city 

at Louis' French Restaurant, 15 
Fayette Court. It was decided to 
hold such informal dinners three or 
four times a year for social good 
times and for free discussion of 
college and class policies and activ- 
ities. Those present were Bond, 
Bottomly, Green, Judge, Norton, 
Odell, Orrell, Palmer, Rounseville, 
Ryan, and Warren. The next meet- 
ing will probably be held during 
October, the committee in charge 
being Bond and Green. 

James L. Gilbert has become 
Business Manager of the Class Jour- 
nal Co., of New York City, pub- 
lishers of "The Automobile," 
"Motor Age," "Motor World," and 
"Motor Print." 

David E. Greenaway has ac- 
cepted a position to teach History 
in the Technical High School, at 
Springfield, Mass., and is now re- 
siding at 52 Albemarle Avenue, 
Springfield, Mass. A daughter, 
Georgia Cauldwell, was born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Greenaway, on June 4, 

Dr. W. W. Palmer is doing re- 
search work at the Massachusetts 
General Hospital. 

A second son, Laurence Chappell 
Wing, was born on June 26, 1914, 
to Mr. and Mrs. Richard D. Wing, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The Macmillan Co. published this 
summer "Selections for Oral Read- 
ing," edited by Claude M. Fuess, 
of Phillips Andover Academy. The 
Journal of Education says of it: 

"One of the very choicest bits of selec- 
tion and annotation for oral reading that 
we have seen, and eminently worthy of a 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

high place in ' Macmillan's Pocket 
Classics.' It may be that reading aloud 
ia somewhat of a lost art to-day, but a 
work like this suggests what a delight 
and inspiration it may be to any and all 
who follow it." 

Emerson G. Gay lord was elected 
chairman of the Executive Commit- 
tee of the Chicopee High School 
(Mass.) Alumni Association at the 
annual meeting on June 26. 

Dr. Fraray Hale, Jr., is practis- 
ing medicine at 477 State Street, 
Bridgeport, Conn. 

C. N. Stone's address is 111 Dev- 
onshire Street, Boston, Mass. 

E. E. Orrell is living at 12 Avon- 
dale Road, Newton Center, Mass. 

E. E. Ryan is in the real estate 
business in Boston and is Uving at 334 
Center Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Prof. Chas. E. Bennett was mar- 
ried on Jime 25th to Miss Mabel 
Marguerite Morris of Piermont-on- 
Hudson, New York. 

Paul N. Norton is an architect 
and located at 902 Colonial Build- 
ing, Boston, Mass. 

A. E. Noble is with The Texas 
Company, 146 Summer Street, Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Henry E. Warren is now living at 
146 Woodward Street, Newton 
Highlands, Mass. 

Ralph W. Patch was married on 
June 20 to Miss Mary Hallowell. 
Mr. and Mrs. Patch are now resid- 
ing at Netherwood, N. J. Mr. 
Patch is a teacher in the Plainfield 
(N. J.) High School. 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary 
20 Vesey Street, New York City 

George Harris, Jr., the American 
tenor, has cabled his manager that 
he is safe in London, after a harass- 
ing trip across France. He secured 
a passage for September 29 and was 
expecting to reach New York about 
October 8. Mr. Harris was accom- 
panied on his trip abroad by his 
father and mother. 

Morton I. Snyder was married to 
Miss Grace Hart Hare on Tuesday, 
June 30, in New York City. 

In Springfield, September 15, at 
Wesson Maternity Hospital, a 
daughter (Mary), was born to King- 
man and Florence (Besse) Brewster. 

Howard W. Howes is at present 
principal of the Yarmouth High 
School, Yarmouth Port. 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary 

984 Beacon Street, Newton Center, 


Rev. Edward C. Boynton, son 
of the Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, 
'79, who was graduated from An- 
dover Theological Seminary last 
June, has become assistant pastor 
of the First Congregational Church 
at Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Rev. Edmund W. Twitchell, who 
has been pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Elbridge, N. Y., 
has accepted a call as assistant pas- 
tor of the famous South Congrega- 

The Classes 


tional Church, Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and began his new duties on Sep- 
tember 1. 

Roy W. Bell is now with the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Co., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

F. E. A. Lewis is practising med- 
icine in Newton, Mass. His office 
is at the corner of Vemon and 
Centre Streets. 

A son, Russell, was born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Charles P. Slocum on 
July 19. 

Harry W. Zinsmaster, Secretary 

Des Moines, la. 

Charles E. Merrill has entered 
into partnership with Edward C. 
Lynch, under the firm name of 
Charles E. Merrill and Co., to con- 
duct a general investment business 
in stocks and bonds, with offices at 
7 Wall Street, New York City. 

The ordination of Frank B. War- 
ner to the ministry of the Congre- 
gational Church took place August 7 
at Sunderland, Mass. Amherst 
men who took part in the service 
were: Rev. Charles L. Hager, '98, 
of Albany, N. Y., Rev. Robert G. 
Armstrong, ex-'12, of Amherst, Ohio, 
Rev. L. B. Chase, '97, of Sunderland, 
and Rev. Dr. Eugene W. Lyman, 
'94, of Oberlin, Ohio. The charge 
to the candidate was given by Rev. 
Dr. W. E. Strong, of the American 
Board, who was for several years 
pastor in Amherst. Dr. Strong was 
recently in the Chinese province of 
Shansi, where Mr. Warner's work 
will be done. He spoke of the work 
as being unique in that at no other 
time and in no other country has 
the government offered to cooperate 

with the mission board. He as- 
sured him that he would be wel- 
comed not only by the missionaries 
and the native Christians, but by 
the other inhabitants. He would 
have the support of the mighty 
state of Fen Chow in his educa- 
tional supervision of three hundred 
and thirty-six towns and villages. 

Mr. Warner is a native of Sunder- 
land. He was born September 2, 
1886, the son of A. Fayette and 
Mary E. (Gunn) Warner. He was 
educated in the schools of that town, 
at the Greenfield High School, where 
he was graduated in 1904, and at 
Amherst College, where he was grad- 
uated in 1908. After leaving college 
he taught mathematics and science 
in the Hoover School at Paterson, 
N. J. The last two years he spent 
at Oberlin Theological Seminary. 
Just before the close of the last term 
he received an appointment from the 
American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions, as superintend- 
ent of their educational work in 
the Shansi mission, one of the most 
promising missions of the board in 
China. He will attend the meet- 
ings of the board in Detroit in Oc- 
tober. From there he will go to 
Seattle, Wash., where he will re- 
ceive his commission from the uni- 
versity church which has assumed 
his support. He will embark for 
China from Vancouver, October 29. 

Guy E. Moulton is at present in- 
structor in Latin at Choate school, 
Wallingford, Conn. 


Edwin H. Sudbury, Secretary 

154 Prospect Avenue, Mt. Vernon, 

N. Y. 

Wilbur B. Jones has been secre- 
tary of the freeholders who have 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

been drawing up a new charter for 
the city of St. Louis. 

The ordination to the ministry of 
Merrill F. Clarke, son of L. Mason 
Clarke, '80, took place early in 
June, in the First Presbyterian 
Church of Brooklyn. 

David R. Mowry is a traveling 
salesman with home at Greenfield. 

F. B. Sullivan is a salesman for 
the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. 
His home is in Beachmont. 

Thomas R. Hickey was gradu- 
ated recently from Boston Univer- 
sity Law School. 


Clarence Francis, Secretary 

517 Union Trust Building, Detroit, 

Charles W. Barton, ex-'lO, has 
been made business manager of the 
Advance, the Congregational weekly. 

Ralph H. Beaman has a position 
as chemist for Bird & Son who are 
engaged in the manufacture of paper 
and roofing at East Walpole. 

Raymond H. Wiltsie is a mer- 
chant in Lincoln, 111. 

Louis J. Heath after two years' 
graduate work at Harvard is at 
present instructor in English at the 
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, 

Francis 0. Sullivan is a salesman 
and buyer, and his present address 
is Cortland, N. Y. 

Alfred L. At wood is at present 
engaged in the real estate business in 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary 
75A WiUow Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

John P. Ashley has left Fort 
Worth, Tex., and is now located at 

Robert H. George has been ap- 
pointed instructor in history at 
Harvard University for the next 

Hylton L. Bravo is now with the 
Washburn Lumber Co. at Toledo, 

Paul F. Scantlebury is engaged in 
the lumber business at Winchester, 

Frederick J. Pohl, who has been 
in the English Department of Ohio 
Wesleyan University for the last 
two years, has resigned to take post- 
graduate work at Columbia Uni- 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary 
40 Gramercy Park, New York, N. Y. 

Announcement has been made of 
the engagement of Orway Tead to 
Miss Clara Murphy, Smith, '12. 

Claude H. Hubbard has been 
appointed Athletic Director of the 
Melrose (Mass.) High School, and 
is coaching the school football team 
this year. 

The Classes 


Spencer Miller has been ap- 
pointed George William Curtis Fel- 
low in Public Law for the ensuing 
year at Columbia University. 

J. W. Coxhead is ill at the J. N. 
Adam Hospital, Perrysburg, N. Y. 
He expects to be there for several 


Lewis D. Stilwell, Secretary 

60 Matthews Hall, Cambridge, 


A wedding of interest took place 
Wednesday, July 29, when Miss 
Amy Florence Towne, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick M. Towne, 
of Westford Avenue, Springfield, 
became the wife of Hermon King 
Murphey, son of Monroe Murphey 
of Niagara Falls, N. Y. The bride 
is a native of Chicopee, but has lived 
in Springfield the greater part of 
her hfe. She is a graduate of the 
public schools in the city, and also 
of Mrs. Perry's Kindergarten Train- 
ing School in Boston, graduating 
from that institution in 1912. Since 
that time she has been teaching in 
Miss Herrick's private school in 
Amherst. Mr. Murphey is an Am- 
herst graduate in the class of 1913, 
and for the past year has been at- 
tending the Columbia Law School 
in New York. 

William G. Hamilton is engaged 
in the lumber business at San Diego. 

H. C. Allen is engaged in the lum- 
ber business at Little Valley, N. Y. 

Geoffrey Atkinson has been study- 
ing abroad this summer. He ex- 
pects to teach the Romance Lan- 
guages in Union College during the 
coming year. 

H. M. Bixby announces his en- 
gagement to Miss Elizabeth Case 
of St. Louis. 

T. A. Greene remains in Amherst 
as Religious Work Director for this 
college year. 

H. S. Leiper has entered Union 
Theological Seminary, New York 
City, this fall. 

A. W. Marsh has taken a posi- 
tion as Director of Physical Educa- 
tion at Ohio Wesleyan University, 
Delaware, Ohio. 

H. P. Partenheimer is entering 
Columbia University to take grad- 
uate work in chemistry. 

Hamilton Patton has taken up 
fruit farming at Medford, Ore. 

S. P. Wilcox has returned to 
Grand Rapids to take up real 
estate work. 

K. S. Patten is working for the 
Western Electric Company in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He is located at the 
Central Y. M. C. A. 


Frederick C. Taylor, a member 
of the class of 1914 at Amherst Col- 
lege, died Friday, July 17, at the 
Rutland sanitarium, after an ill- 
ness lasting several months. His 
father, Rev. Frederick C. Taylor, 
of Prescott, is a member of the fa- 
mous Amherst College class of '84, 
and attended the thirtieth reunion 
at Commencement time. 



^ COMPANY numbers 
among its customers a great 
many Amherst graduates. 
One account commands the 
services of three separate 
and complete banking of- 
fices conveniently located in 
different sections of Boston. 
Accounts may be conducted 
by mail. Modern Safe 
Deposit Vaults at 
each office 







CCJi ^At^^^ 



Frontispiece: Hon. Charles Seymour Whitman. 

Photograph by Pirie McDonald, facing ... 9.5 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes ... 97 
Beyond the University. — Culture and Kultur. — A 
' Cultural and Aesthetic Barometer. 
The Place of Student Activities in the College. 

Alexander Meiklejohn, Brown, '93 110 

Poems: O Country Mine. — "The Instrument of God?" 

W. L. Corbin, '96 119 

i3Dn College ^ill 

Football at Amherst College. Raymond Garfield 

Gettell, Ursinus, '03 . . .120 

Noah Webster, His Faith. Richard Billings, '97 . 124 

The Webster Meiviorial Statue. Photograph by Eck- 

mann, facing . 125 

Noah Webster in Person and in Memorial. J. F. 

Genung, Union, '70 125 

Poem: Beyond. Stephen V. Marsh, '05 130 

TOe Simltt^t 3[llu0ti1ou0 

Charles Seymour Whitman. Edwin Duffey, '90 131 

^^t aSoofe Cable 

Clark ('72) : A History of Connecticut. J. B. 
Clark, '72. —Harris ('66): A Century's 
Change in Religion. Editor. — Brownell 
('71): Criticism. G. B. Churchill, '89. — Ros- 
siTER ('84) ed: Days and Ways in Old Boston. 
Editor. — Abbot ('11): The Little Gentle- 
man Across the Road. Editor 138 

iSDtficial ann Pergonal 

The Trustees 144 

The Alumni Council 146 

The Classes 148 


Hon. Charles Seymour Whitman, whose portrait appears as frontispiece, was 
graduated at Amherst College in 1890. He scarcely needs introduction, as all 
Amherst graduates have followed his efficient career as District Attorney of 
New York, and have rejoiced in his election, November, 1914, as Governor of 
the State of New York. He is the subject of the paper by Mr. Duffey on page 

Alexander Meiklejohn, President of the College, gave the paper on "The Place 
of Student Activities in the College" as an address before the New England 
Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools, November 7, 1914. 

W. L. CoRBiN, who writes the poems "O Country Mine" and "The Instrument of 
God?" is Professor of English Literature in Wells College, Aurora, N. Y. 

Raymond Garfield Gettell, who writes on "Football at Amherst College," 
is the recently appointed Lecturer in Social and Economic Institutions in Am- 
herst College. A biographical sketch of him appears in the October number 
of the Quarterly, page 68. 

Richard Billings, who gave the brief address of presentation published on page 
124, is a business man resident in New York. He was graduated at Amherst 
College in 1897. His father was the donor of the Billings library to the Uni- 
versity of Vermont; and the professorship of Hygiene and Physical Education 
in Amherst College was named for his brother, Parmly Billings, of the class 
of '84. - 

Stephen V. Marsh, who writes the poem "Beyond," is a resident of Amherst. 
A poem of his appeared also in the October number of the Quarterly, on 
page 30. 

J. B. Clark, who reviews his classmate's book "A History of Connecticut," is a 
Professor in Columbia University, New York, and well known for many im- 
portant publications in Economics. The author of the book, Rev. George 
L. Clark, is a clergyman resident in Wethersfield, Conn. 

George Harris, author of the book "A Century's Change in Religion," needs no 
introduction, being known and revered as President Emeritus of Amherst 

G. B. Churchill, who reviews Mr. Brownell's book on "Criticism," is Williston 
Professor of English Literature in Amherst College, and one of the editorial 
board of the Quarterly. Mr. William C. Brownell, author of the book, 
was graduated at Amherst in 1871, and is well known as the editor of Scrib- 
ner's Magazine and the author of important works in criticism and literature. 

William S. Rossiter, who edits the book "Days and Ways in Old Boston," is 
a business man resident in Boston; one of the editorial board of the Quarterly. 

Prentice Abbot, author of the book "The Little Gentleman Across the Road,' ' 
is a graduate of Amherst in the class of 1911; now resident in Brooklyn, N. Y . 
where he is engaged in literary work. 



VOL. IV.— JANUARY, 1915.— NO. 2 


WITH the rapid development of our great universities — 
an evolution more recent and immature than we are 
apt to realize — certain raw notions and sentiments 
about liberal education have emerged unnoticed into prevalence 
Beyond which, because they are capable of harm to 

the the mother institution the College, need to 

University be looked into and tested for truth. One of 

these is the commonly assumed idea that the University repre- 
sents the supreme in education and culture; that it is the ulti- 
mate goal toward which other schools, the College in particular, 
are mere stages and stepping-stones. The result of this idea, 
when it strikes in and becomes a matter-of-course sentiment, 
is to foster in the university student largeness of head out of 
proportion to its contents, and in the college student the notion 
that the subject matter of the college curriculum may be slighted 
or postponed, and that serious work is not really due until the 
university brings a vocation or profession within measurable 
sight. We are all aware how potent is the line of least resist- 
ance, especially when it has convention and sentiment to back 
it up. Is not this a main, or at least a noticeable cause, of the 
indifference to liberal learning which has so generally invaded 
the colleges of our land? It has made the College an intermedi- 
ate thing, a line of least resistance. 

The University does not represent the supreme stadium of 
education, — if indeed such a relative grade is thinkable; — nor 
even a higher or worthier. It represents a specialty; that is all. 
What specialty it stands for, — well, that depends on what the 

98 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

student wants; for of its multitude of wares, as of the universe 
after which it is named, we may say with Merhn, "Truth is this 
to me, and that to thee." It takes certain things which have 
already been broached in the schools or are calling back to us 
out of practical life, and subjects them to further research and 
experimentation, with a view to more efficient use. It has its 
specialized faculties: law, medicine, theology, science, — you 
will find them all with their appointed functions in that master- 
work of educational system the German university, organized 
into its four historic faculties. One of these, however, I have 
left unnamed, putting a wrong name in its place. The Germans 
would hardly think of calling the fourth the scientific faculty — 
die wissenschaf tliche Facultat, — because, for one thing, the 
method and spirit of science so conditions the work of every fac- 
ulty that the specific term would be invidious, and for another, 
science itself runs up from the observation of facts into a higher 
import and terminology. The German speculative instinct 
comes in here. So into the fourth faculty is massed a miscel- 
lany of subjects, all sensed as homogeneous: science, philology, 
literature, history, psychology, philosophy proper, all grouped 
under the one inclusive term Philosophy. A Doctor of Philos- 
ophy may be a doctor of any one of a host of things; he is by no 
means so comprehensive as his title, unless we make every ele- 
ment of that title comprehensive. And that, in the college, is 
virtually what we aim to do. For teachers in our courses we 
seek a Ph.D., — why.? Not for what his doctor specialty has 
yielded him, in thesis or laboratory work, but for a constructive 
talent and activity beyond, for the philosophical value, so to say, 
of his specific study. He is henceforth, as it were, to turn his 
specialty into generals; to steer his students and courses toward 
that more spacious horizon which looms beyond law and medi- 
cine and theology and philosophy, and yet encompasses them 
all. This in two ways: by taking care of the fundamental 
methods, importing into them the thoroughness and exactitude 
of the specializing scholar; and by taking care of the larger issues, 
creating and maintaining an atmosphere not of pedantry or in- 
tellectual aristocracy but of the liberal world of culture and 
citizenship. That is why, in the ideals of the college, we go 
back to the staple of history and literature and forward to that 

EditorialNotes 99 

liberal idea of philosophy typified in the fourth faculty of the 
University. We have transported our Doctor of Philosophy to 
a sphere beyond the university. 

This, I think, is what the newly named professorship at Am- 
herst has in mind. The difficulty has been, and still is, to give it 
a name, such a name as will not seem to narrow it to a specialty; 
and secondly, to find the man who will live up to it. The spe- 
cialist in large values and issues, — the man who can in some 
measure coordinate the diverse aims and pursuits of the college 
course into something unified and homogeneous, so that as a 
result the student's various acquisitions will be ready to do team- 
work, — where is he.'* Is he already made, or must he take a 
position and grow? Whoever he is, both he and Amherst are 
making a notable venture of wisdom and faith in taking him as 
an ideal. 

Brothers Alumni: the name of this new professorship is the 
smallest part of the matter; only a hint toward the large idea 
to which, in the needed reform and upbuilding of liberal educa- 
tion, Amherst is earnestly committed. It is the man behind 
the name, and the college behind the man, and the body of loyal 
graduates behind the college, that count. All must see that 
there is a big aim here, of which this new professorship repre- 
sents the initial step; and details of method, of courses, of curri- 
culum, of coordination and concentration of activities, must be 
left to the constructive insight and wisdom of the coming years. 
Our business, meanwhile, is not opposition and restriction, but 
rather to give it free course, to clarify it, to make it real and 

Above all, we need to bear in mind and to carry it with us, that 
President Meiklejohn is not meditating a revolution in college 
aims or college methods. It is, in fact, only a broadening and at 
the same time a new concentration of the time-honored Amherst 
aim, in accordance with the broadening and gradual clarifying 
of the age's thought. The original aim at Amherst was to make 
ministers, and as preliminary to this to make and maintain class- 
ical training and saintliness. The new aim is still ministry, 

100 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

service; but the age is calling for other kinds of ministry besides 
ecclesiastical, — not discarding that, but interpreting it beyond 
the walls of the church. One name given to it is citizenship. 
Another is social fellowship and service. Another is enlightened 
business and industry. A more elemental one is clean and true 
manliness, replacing but not essentially changing, fulfilling rather, 
the idea of religion. To these noble ends, the problem is so to 
concentrate and harmonize the various activities of the college 
that they may, as far as they can, do good team-work together. 
Needless to say, not one professor alone, whatever his chair, nor 
one line of studies, can solve this problem to success. It calls for 
breadth and insight and unity of view all along the line. But if 
we can realize our aim, we are authentically Beyond the Univer- 

AMONG the mingled ingredients, more or less appetizing, 
which simmer in the pan of Pan-Germanism, there is 
commended to us with zeal and insistence a potent con- 
coction — shall we say rather a brew? — styled The German 

^ , , Kultur. It behooves us to contemplate this 

Culture and .,. i-i.- u -lu 

Kiilfur truly imposmg object m a becommgly chas- 

tened mood. The name should of course 
be written with an initial capital, to connote our proper sense of 
its importance in the vocabulary of learning, morals, and taste. 
To spell it with a K, and to leave off the final e, are the natural 
tribute due to the thing's uniqueness. The adjective German 
can just as well be spared; it is not needed for any purpose of 
identification. The word is untranslatable, because the thing 
itself is like nothing else in the world. Kultur is sui generis. 
It is just Kultur, — and as the advertisers say, "That's all." 
It speaks for itself, sometimes in deafening tones from throats 
of steel; has to speak for itself, indeed, for no other nations than 
the German are competent to speak for it. English scholarship 
tried to do so, but the degrees and decorations through which it 
spoke were contemptuously returned. Kultur is not markedly 
bashful. It exults in its achievements with all the naive self- 
complacency of the redoubtable Jack Horner, who, you will 
remember, after his doughty exploit with the Christmas viand, 
exclaimed, "What a brave boy am I!" Of course such valor 

Editorial Notes ioi 

and conscious worth must not be wasted. Its surging missionary- 
spirit must be appeased. The modest aspiration of its votaries, 
after having won the struggle for existence against "Russian 
beasts, EngUsh mercenaries, and Belgian fanatics," leaving the 
French as "the only ones at all comparable to us," is to be the 
intellectual and spiritual arbiters of the earth. When every- 
where the thing that Kultur says is implicitly heeded, there will 
be inaugurated a millennium such as sacred writ never dared — 
or stooped — to prophesy. 

Whatever else we may be moved to say of our German friends 
one thing the censor of neutrality will surely allow to pass, namely, 
that they take their Kultur with extraordinary seriousness. To 
the single-minded pursuit of it they devote their sterling vir- 
tues of system, thoroughness, patience, everything, in fact, ex- 
cept common sense. One wonders, seeing how ponderously it 
sits upon them and how anxious is their claim to it, if they are 
really to the manner born. It ought not to make them so uneasy 
if they were. One is reminded of the Queen's criticism in the 
play, "The lady doth protest too much, methinks." The value 
of protestations is liable to be in inverse proportion to their loud- 
ness. Kultur, in a word, seems to be rather an obsession than a 
native grace. And that is how it differs from the culture that 
the rest of the world cherishes. Perhaps, indeed, we (for we 
must be content to belong to the rest of the world) do not take 
our culture seriously enough. We even dare to crack jokes over 
it and to dance and sing in its genial presence. We think of it 
rather as an amenity to live by than as an end to live for. It 
does not appeal to us as a manufactured article, or as a thing 
drilled into our brain by a schoolmaster. To take thought for 
it is like taking thought for the circulation of our blood. We 
smile at the fond and fervent people who yearn for it; we scent 
vacuity in those who make a pose of it. We can tell them by 
their pronunciation of the word. The person who pronounces 
it "culchah" will go through its assumed motions with aplomb; 
one is not so sure of the substance. The person who laboriously 
pronounces it "cult-yure" betrays a dead earnestness to achieve 
it; whether she will ever enter into the real joy of it is problem- 
atical. The joy of it, I say; and here I come upon something 

1 02 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

essential; for joy, the joy of genuineness and kindliness and spon- 
taneity, is a main element of it. In short, the true commonwealth 
of culture, native and normal, is in the universal heart of man. 
Its quality, like the quality of mercy, is not strained. It is not a 
pedantry nor an austerity, but a free and flexible spirit. It is as 
likely to be found under a layer of laughter as under a layer 
of learning. As a spirit it brings forth fruits of the spirit, fruits 
in which the virtue of the seed and the flower becomes manifest. 
One thing, however, is absolutely alien to it: it is not minded 
to make its presence known by bragging and display; nor are 
its ways insolent and arbitrary. 

Just at present the world is doomed to look on in shuddering 
dismay while Kultur, at its attained stage of mad aggressiveness, 
is putting in the sickle to reap what it has sown. In the search- 
ing judgment under which its devisers and promoters must in- 
evitably pass, an amazed humanity will revise its estimate not 
only of its fell product but of the racial and national soul that 
has provided soil and tillage for it. The " transvaluation of all 
values" which Nietzsche so adventurously undertook is a game 
at which more than one can play, and the values of Kultur must 
go into the melting-pot with the rest. We have hinted our sus- 
picion that its votaries were not really to the manner born. It 
was by fond allowance that we did so, for one does not like to 
credit their native character, a character in many ways so lov- 
able, with the hard and imperious manner that has developed. 
This must have come, we try to conclude, as did the doctor in 
the Jekyll and Hyde story, not from the normal influence but 
from some impurity in the drug. Whatever its source, hov/ever, 
we are startled to second thoughts. We had come very near 
to prostrating ourselves before mighty Kultur, as if it were the 
scholarly world's god; but when, instead of coming like a com- 
rade, in fellowship and co5peration, it advances like a Jugger- 
naut on the crushing car of intellectual autocracy, we pause, 
resuming our erect position until in our own cultural integrity 
we can revise and adjust our sense of values. 

If not to this manner born, the German soul must like others 
have been born to a manner, which by some doping process has 

Editorial Notes 


been nurtured into this. Can we somehow detect what is the 
impurity in the drug, — that secret, uncalculated poison which 
has transformed the Dr. Jekyll of the gemuthlich old days of 
Bildung to the Mr. Hyde, the Kultur-fiend of Louvain and 
Rheims? It seems a far cry, yet one is aware what mischief a 
Uttle microbe may work in the fated culture-medium. This is no 
racial microbe, however, nor anything malignantly active. Rather 
it is a racial lack, the plight of a spirit in part unfurnished. It 
sounds ungracious to say it, but the sad truth is, the German 
cultural mind, for all its just pride of ambition and achievement, 
is only half baked. Like the cake not turned of the prophet's 
metaphor, it is hardened to coal on the one side and raw dough 
on the other. And this other quality, this soggy lack of done- 
ness and savor, is on the upper, the spiritual side. Other na- 
tions, as indeed the finer Germans themselves, feel and own it; 
and the world's admiration of the German cultural product, 
when not soured by irritation, is bestowed with the superior 
deprecatory smile of an arriere pensee. A decade ago Joseph 
Conrad cited a certain near ludicrous expression of it as due to 
"the simplicity of a nation which more than any other has a 
tendency to run into the grotesque." Well, yes, its root is sim- 
plicity; but much like the simplicity of an overgrown lummox 
of a boy, whose ideas are untempered by sympathy and judg- 
ment, and who shoots his bolt v.ithout thought or care of the 
repugnance it creates or the mischief it makes. There is, I think, 
just one word for this cultural lack; I have already intimated it. 
It is the lack of common sense, — by which I mean, of that sense 
of values and relations and tastes common to our and others' 
minds, that sense of spiritual unity which was meant to coexist 
with diversities of gifts. A mind so lacking is slow to see through 
other eyes, to tolerate other mentalities, to let live on such terms 
as itself lives on. Consequently it lacks that mirroring spirit 
of appreciation which, in enrichment of its own resources, might 
bring returns from the spacious commonwealth of culture, and 
thus endow it with balance, reasonableness, poise. It pushes its 
own standards to untempered extremes; stands in equal bovine 
wonder before treasure-troves and mare's nests; is solemnly 
oblivious to any bizarre figure it makes, while it insists on its 
own undiscriminated idiom. Such a mind can get as far as 

104 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

pedantry and intellectual mechanics, — nay, can attain to pro- 
digious reaches of the knowledge which as an apostle says "puff- 
eth up," and yet wholly lack the sweet amenity of the charity 
which "buildeth up." In other words, it can be unfurnished 
with the true spirit of culture. Until culture can be charitable, 
hospitable, tolerant, open to universal values, it may be Kultur 
with a vengeance, armed with book and birch rod, but the real 
inherent soul of culture it is not, and no amount of forcible feed- 
ing or learned machinery can make it such. 

You can best feel a man's native temper, perhaps, when he 
unbends; a nation's too, when you can gauge its fun, its innate 
sense of humor, what it laughs at. You seem there, as nowhere 
else perhaps so intimately, to find the man or the nation at home. 
Of an instance that I once observed I have asked myself some- 
times since whether any one but a German, with a German's soul, 
would ever have taken such an odd way of raising a laugh. I 
had passed the night on the summit of the Rigi, and in the morn- 
ing had taken the railway down the mountain to board the boat 
at Vitznau. As the boat stopped at the dock, a crowd of pas- 
sengers was coming down the bridge to land, while another crowd 
on shore was waiting to take their place. There was the usual 
impatience, the usual impulse of haste, on both sides. At the 
head of the crowd coming down the plank was a fine looking 
elderly man, to all appearance a man of distinction. From his 
first start at the top, however, he kept stopping and turning back 
to converse with persons behind him. This was done so many 
times that we could see he was doing it to satisfy a certain sense 
of humor; it was good fun to him to delay the two crowds. Both 
crowds, seeing his exaggerated deliberateness, began to get cross. 
Of this he was as well aware as anybody; it was his cue. As the 
tension was getting pretty acute, he raised his cane and brand- 
ishing it with mock fierceness at the crowds, said: "Ich bin 
hoflich; und wer unhofiich ist, den haue ich, — / am polite; 
and whoever is impolite, him I hew!" This put the crowds in 
good humor; and indeed, the old gentleman's joke being played, 
he came the rest of the way in better time. He had been extrav- 
agantly polite to the little coterie with whom he was conversing, 
and now the crowd was summoned with bludgeon to witness the 

Editorial Notes 


show. This was in 1880. Five years earlier an observant 
woman was writing from Germany: "The modern German is 
Hkely to become a thorn in the flesh of humanity at large, not 
because he is victorious, but because he is forever blowing the 
blast of his victories on the trumpet of fame. It is not enough 
that his country has become one of the greatest powers of Europe, 
he wants you to say that it is the greatest. Success is so sweet 
to him, power so new, triumph so intoxicating, . . . that he 
stands on the highways, pistol in hand, and exacts your admira- 
tion or your life. The crumpled rose leaf on Germany's bed of 
glory is that she cannot get every other nation to admire her 
as much as she admires herself; and in her present egotistical 
attitude would fain extract what she covets, if not otherwise, 
then by force of arms." Do we not see here the old gentleman's 
pleasantry raised from joke to earnest, thus revealing a little 
more authentically a nation's essentially childish soul.'* For 
polite read cultured, and you have a pretty good pattern of the 
spirit of Kultur, as it is minded to hew its autocratic way to a 
place in the sun. We are seeing its fruits today. Mr. Conrad, 
whom I quoted above, added to his remark about the grotesque 
tendencies of German simplicity, "There is worse to come." 
What he foresaw I need not specify. 

Meanwtiile, as we are not built just that way, we must be 
content with the manner to which we are born, and cherish what 
we can of that older and more seasoned grace of culture after 
which the German product is named, and exact the praise due us 
by our unexacting works. We can do this without denying to 
Kultur, for all its lack of common sense, its wonderfully efficient 
qualities in its own sphere; to deny these, indeed, would be to 
fall captive to the ungenial spirit which we deprecate. For the 
spirit of culture is not denial nor insolence;' rather it is minded, 
with the poet, to 

" Make knowledge circle with the winds; 
But let her herald, Reverence, fly 
Before her to whatever sky 
Bear seed of men and growth of minds." 

io6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

WITHOUT any flourish of display, almost without obser- 
vation, and with the simplest possible ceremony of gift 
— as was the desire of the donor — there came to the 
college campus one day in October a work of sculptural and 
A Cultural and monumental art which is destined to be a 
Aesthetic distinguishing feature of our college de- 

Barometer mesne, and in whose presence, whatever 

welcome or reaction we accord to it, it will be our lot to 
walk and dwell for many years to come. By its artistic merit, 
its commemorative worth, its symbolized meanings, the Noah 
Webster memorial belongs henceforth for better or worse to the 
enduring cultural and aesthetic influences of Amherst College. 
That our distant alumni may get an idea of it and its impressive 
setting we have put on the cover of this number of the Quarterly 
a picture of it as it appears at the end of its vista of maples, from 
the point of view from which the sculptor conceived his design; 
and at page 125 we give the view which the builder selected as 
the best individual pose. Of course, like a stone thrown into a 
pool, the monument is bound to create more or less agitation in 
our reservoir of critical and appreciative feelings, which agita- 
tion will gradually subside into something like an equilibrium of 
opinion, or at least of tolerance. This is certainly to be hoped. 
One thinks of Carlyle's remark on hearing that Margaret Fuller 
had decided to accept the universe, — "Gad! she'd better ! " 
Waiving the question of likes and dislikes, however, — which no 
man can answer for another man — one cannot but acknowledge 
with responsive good-will, how much thought and taste and dis- 
ciplined artistry have gone to the creation of this memorial; nor 
can we withhold hearty honor to the loyal spirit in which an 
alumnus has sought thus to honor and dignify his Alma Mater. 
For the rest, there the monument stands, a permanent testimon- 
ial to "Noah Webster, His Faith," embodying in expression and 
attitude its sculptor's and donor's conception of that faith's most 
fitting symbol. 

Of its unsought function as a kind of barometer indicating the 
atmospheric pressure of various tastes and sentiments, we have 
already had some interesting examples. Its first encounter with 
the aesthetic sense was just on the edge — with what we may 

Editorial Notes 107 

call innocuous journalism administering absent treatment. From 
a New York paper of date October 29, I quote the following 
lucid item: "A monument was recently erected in Amherst, 
Massachusetts, to the memory of Noah Webster. It is inscribed 
with some choice selections from his most famous book." Here 
we have the elemental truth, — pure virgin fact. I suppose 
every word of the inscription is to be found in Webster's Dic- 
tionary; one would not give much for "his most famous book" 
if it were not. But this is not all. We learn here another aston- 
ishing thing; and the Higher Critics will please take notice. 
In view of the fact that the entire inscription is simply a passage 
from Scripture — a "choice selection" to be sure — it would 
seem a great mystery of authorship is at last cleared up. So, it 
transpires, it was Noah Webster who wrote the Bible. Quite 
so. A famous, and they say a remarkably able book; I think 
we will agree that he has truly earned a monument aere perennius. 

Since the statue was set up in the Amherst grounds, where 
every common and uncommon man could see, the barometric 
pressure has registered some results so curious that one must 
conclude the aesthetic and spiritual assimilation of a work of sym- 
bolic art is really a very serious affair. It started, to be sure, 
with a handicap. People reading that a memorial to Noah 
Webster was to be erected, and that it was in the form of a statue, 
leaped to the conclusion that it was to be a portrait statue, like 
the replica of the Ward statue of Beecher which has just been 
erected in Amherst grounds. You can imagine the dazed, not 
to say bovine wonder with which the actual thing was greeted, 
" Is that a portrait of Noah W^ebster? " followed by the baffling 
queries why he should have been taken barefooted, with one arm 
nude, and as one observer expressed it, with his bathrobe caught 
up over the back of the seat. That word " bathrobe," by the 
way, was his reductio ad absurdum; no work of art could survive 
the sarcasm of that. It took some time, and that modicum of 
imagination which so few are disposed to give, to realize that 
the memorial was not meant for a portrait at all; it simply aimed 
to represent through such idealized human virtue as bronze and 
granite could portray what the inscription puts in words: the 
eternal validity of Noah Webster's faith, which is identical with 

io8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

the faith that founded and it is hoped still vitalizes Amherst Col- 
lege. Was a portrait statue the vehicle for this? Why, as to 
that, — as the donor himself answered some of the puzzled quer- 
ists, — it comes nearer being a portrait of Christy Mathewson 
than of Noah Webster; and not so unfitly either, if one would 
symbolize faith of a certain resolute sort. But this disillusion 
about the portrait, you see, forced the observers onward from 
the literal to the spiritual, with its aesthetic and typical values; 
and for this their outfit was, to put it charitably, variegated. 
The criticism that ensued was in many ways illuminative, if not 
of the memorial's absolute merits, at least of the critic's temper 
and culture. One was uneasy, as he put it, on account of the 
mixture of Hebrew and Greek elements, — as if our whole Chris- 
tian faith were not precisely that; another offended because the 
symbolism of the cross was lugged in, — as if faith and self- 
denial were separable; and a third — and his class perhaps the 
largest — grouchy on general principles, or it may be on no 
principles at all. It takes time and like-minded response for 
its large and uplifting purpose to emerge and hover over it like 
a sustaining spirit; meanwhile, on the whole, one has to fall 
back on Lincoln's famous saying, "If a man doesn't like that 
sort of thing, why, that's about the sort of thing he doesn't like." 
There is no use in opening the argument de gustihus. 

Why not, if we would avail ourselves of the memorial's mean- 
ing, why not give our own creative sense a little job to do, and 
not leave it in the atrophied state in which Mr. Billings' gift 
seems to have found it? If not by a portrait statue, by what 
plastic figure would we undertake to symbolize the sentiment 
carved on the granite, the faith that has been so momentous 
for Amherst College? What is real vital faith, after all? How 
would we put it into personal form? WiUiam Cullen Bryant, 
you remember, raised a similar question about how to symbolize 
Freedom, and his answer reversed the current sentimental idea: 

" O Freedom! thou art not, as poets dream, 
A fair young girl, with light and delicate limbs 
And wavy tresses; . . . 

A bearded man, 
Armed to the teeth, art thou." 

Editorial Notes 109 

Now, as I happen to know, the donor of this memorial has had 
experience with that same reversal of idea. He had all he could 
do, he tells us, to keep the sculptor from designing a girl figure 
to represent the faith that founded Amherst College. But for 
his sturdy sense of artistic fitness we might have had another 
Sabrina. Would it better have suited the symbolism we should 
have chosen? Is faith, for us, something soft, dreamy, feminine, 
or has it stamina and virility.'^ As it is, here sits the figure on 
his seat of granite, his left hand resting firmly on the scroll of 
human knowledge, his bared right arm, not ashamed of the 
cross, stretched out toward higher things, his right hand (moulded 
from a workman's hand), pointing — not very definitely heaven- 
ward, some have noted, and asked why. Do you not see how, 
where the hand points, the very granite, the cross whereon the 
human right arm is stretched, has blossomed into wings? The 
symbolism of wings ought not to puzzle you, nor of the resolute 
yet rapt countenance, nor of the bared and ready right arm, 
nor of the background of the cross. It seems to bring anew to 
us a knowledge which, in our chase after worldly and material 
values, we were in danger of forgetting. And there it will re- 
main, with its mute yet eloquent appeal, linking Amherst's 
earliest ideals with successive generations as they in turn melt 
from the present into the past. 

no Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



[Address delivered before the New England Association of Colleges and Piepara- 
tory Schools, November 7, 1914] 

AS I survey the program of yesterday afternoon and this 
morning my mind is caught by the figure of the cookery 
or bakeshop. A cook from foreign parts has been brought 
in to concoct for us some dehcious dish, pastry, pudding, or pie. 
And those of us who precede him on the program are simply 
bringing out from the pantry the ingredients which he requires. 
Mr. Ehot came laden with culture, Mr. Thorndike with discipline; 
Mr. Hocking set forth the specific purpose, and today Mr. Stearns 
has presented athletics for mingling in the bowl. It is with 
much fear and trembling that I present my own burden, the 
Student Activities. I am aware that they are regarded by many 
cooks of college theory as spoiling the flavor of the educational 
food. Or at the best they are only a frosting for the cake, a 
sauce for the pudding, and I sadly fear that this imported cook 
may have sauces and frostings of his own for the sake of which 
he may reject with scorn the offering I have been commissioned 
to bring. 

But now as I make my contribution to the program, it seems 
to me that it should be done, not with apology and timid pro- 
testation, but rather with confidence, with the assured convic- 
tion that no cake or pudding can be worth the eating unless it 
have this last delicate touch of perfection which my condiment 
will give. May I confess that until I found myself obliged to 
write this paper on Student Activities, I had not realised how 
important, how essential they are. Is it not true in general 
that one of the best ways of discovering that a cause is import- 
ant, or a truth significant, is to make a speech about it? Usu- 
ally one makes a speech not because he chooses to do so, but 
because he is invited to do so. And when the speech has to be 

Student Activities in the College hi 

prepared and delivered the sheer necessities of the case demand 
that one beheve that what he says is worth saying, no matter 
what it may turn out to be. In order to make this speech at all 
I must believe that student activities have a place in the life of 
the college community, and as I seek to determine that place I 
have no doubt that it will seem more and more important and 

To begin, then, I am convinced, as I write this paper, that in 
any ideal college, student activities are of fundamental import- 
ance and that any one who would cook up a college without 
them need hope to find little appreciation of his wares. I can 
say this with freedom and irresponsibility today because mine 
is not the task of selecting or compounding the elements. I 
have an article to sell and I will sing its praises long and loud. 
It is for the cook to decide whether or not he will have it in the 
dish and if he takes it in, to give it proper mingling with the 
other stuffs which other vendors have brought in. 

The name "student activities" is intended, I presume, to 
express a difference or contrast. The name marks them off 
from the studies, those elements of the college life which, by 
implication, are either not student affairs or not activities. I 
fear that our teachers in the colleges do not like the implication. 
We do not like to have studies regarded as peculiarly belonging 
to the Faculty, nor, on the other hand, do we wish them de- 
graded to the realm of the mere passivities. And so the very 
name itself arouses antagonism. It suggests that here is a fea- 
ture of the college life which does not mix very peaceably with 
the others. It is not a good label if one v/ould recommend his 
vv^ares to college teachers who are eagerly striving to tempt the 
intellectual appetities of the boys entrusted to their charge. 

If we include under the phrase "student activities apart from 
athletics" such enterprises as debating, dramatics, music, news- 
papers, literary magazines, philanthropic and religious organ- 
izations, as well as social functions of various types, one may 
exj>ress a very common faculty point of view concerning them in 
the words, "The less said abouL them the better." And with 
that judgment properly interpreted, I am inclined to agree. But 

112 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

I should personally not intend to minimize the importance of 
such activities. It is not a safe generalization to declare that 
phases of human life are important in direct ratio to the degree 
to which they are publicly talked about. It is rather assumed 
amongst us that many very elemental and significant features 
of our common life are not to be talked about at all — they are 
to be taken for granted, to be accepted as given in the very na- 
ture of things. And it is just this" givenness," this inevitable- 
ness of "student activities" which should first of all be recog- 
nized as we approach them. We choose to bring boys together 
into social groups in order that we may teach them, n)ay train 
their minds, may furnish them with information. But it is an 
inevitable incident of such a process that the boys should find 
themselves together and should at once engage in common activ- 
ities which seem to them attractive and at least entertaining. 
We keep them busy or try to do so five or six or seven hours a 
day; with due allowance for the separation of sleep, they have 
many more hours than these to spend together in enterprises of 
their own choosing. We did not bring them together for the 
sake of these activities, but from our bringing them together, 
these activities follow. They are, as it were, a necessary acci- 
dent of the teaching process. Whether we will or not, there 
they are and there they will remain in some form or other so long 
as boys are brought together in the common life of a college 
campus. And yet, in the presence of these inevitable accidents 
of our central purpose many of our teachers grudgingly acknowl- 
edge their presence, but, resenting it, they say, "Let them alone, 
the less said about them the better." 

Now if this attitude were not born in resentment, I should 
find it very congenial. The conclusion which it states seems to 
me excellent, even though the reasoning which leads to it is atro- 
cious. The truth is that we talk too much about student activ- 
ities, meddle with them too much, and legislate about them too 
much. And I say this not because they are bad, but because 
they are too good to be spoiled by our clumsy interferences; not 
because I am opposed to them, but because I should like to see 
them freely develop and grow as the spontaneous activities of the 
boys whose growth and development is our chief concern. To 
tamper with them seems to me like tampering with one's com- 

Student Activities in the College 113 

plexion. In one sphere at least we are sure that the improve- 
ment of the general health gives better permanent results for 
the complexion than temporary tampering, however satisfying 
for the moment. My impression is that the same principle holds 
good in the beautification of colleges; make them strong and 
healthy and the activities will take care of themselves. 


But whether our ignoring of student activities be due to hatred 
or to love, there are times when even the most abstract teacher 
is startled into recognition of them. Last Sunday evening I 
heard the Dean of one our great law schools tell about the work 
of his school. And almost his first remark was, "You will not 
find any 'activities' at the law school; we give a man enough to 
do for all the time he can give to activity." iVnd with his words, 
there flashed across my mind the vision of a liberal college with- 
out outside activities. What would it be like to teach liberal 
studies to a group of students who should give all their time to 
their studies, whose work should be their play, whose time should 
be wholly at our command? I think I have still enough of the 
spirit of the teacher to thrill at that vision. But as I saw it and 
reflected on it, there came to mind those terrible words of New- 
man in which he contrasts the little we can do for the student 
mth the much that he can do for himself. 

"I protest to you. Gentlemen, that if I had to choose between 
a so-called University, which dispensed with residence and tuto- 
rial superintendence, and gave its degrees to any person who 
passed an examination in a wide range of subjects, and a Uni- 
versity which had no professors or examinations at all, but merely 
brought a number of young men together for three or four years, 
and then sent them away as the University of Oxford is said to 
have done some sixty years since, if I were asked which of these 
two methods was the better discipline of the intellect, — mind, I 
do not say which is morally the better, for it is plain that compul- 
sory study must be a good and idleness an intolerable mischief, 
— but if I must determine which of the two courses was the more 
successful in training, moulding, enlarging the mind, which sent 
out men the more fitted for their secular duties, which produced 

114 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

better public men, men of the world, men whose names would 
descend to posterity, I have no hesitation in giving the preference 
to that University which did nothing, over that which exacted 
of its members an acquaintance with every science under the 

"How is this to be explained? I suppose as follows: When 
a multitude of young men, keen, open-hearted, sympathetic, and 
observant, as young men are, come together and freely mix 
with each other, they are sure to learn one from another, even 
if there be no one to teach them; the conversation of all 
is a series of lectures to each, and they gain for themselves new 
ideas and views, fresh matter of thought, and distinct principles 
for judging and acting, day by day." 

Now with these words of Newman ringing in our ears, let us 
state and answer a fair question, "Would you, if you could, free 
an undergraduate college from its activities.^'" My own answer 
is flatly in the negative. I believe that whatever a liberal col- 
lege may be with them, without them it would be a sorry place 
in which to live. And for this conclusion there are at least two 
reasons. First, I am convinced that the complete absorption 
of the student in his studies would not in most cases give the best 
kind of college training. Not only are we trying to give 
college boys acquaintance with a great body of knowledge; more 
important than this, they must also acquire understanding, in- 
terpretation of what they are learning, reconstruction of what 
they have known. And for this process there is need of leisure, 
of deliberation and contemplation, of a certain quiet waiting for 
sub-conscious processes to do their part. These results cannot 
be achieved merely by digging and grinding. In addition to the 
work there must be the leisure; the two must be combined if 
the fruits of culture and intelligence are to be reached. Again, 
if we view college life fairly, we dare not fail to take account of 
the constantly repeated statement of graduates that they count 
certain "activities" as having been of far greater educational 
value than the studies given and taken in the classroom. I am 
sure that this statement contains more of falsity than of truth. 
But there is a truth in it, and it behooves us to isolate it and look 
it squarely in the face. As I look back on my own experience of 
teaching and disciplining, I seem to see what these graduates 

Student Activities in the College 115 

mean. I see it most clearly when I try to single out from the 
long line of students some one group which shall stand forth as 
intellectually the best — best in college work and best in prom- 
ise of future intellectual achievement. Much as I should like 
to do so, I cannot draw the line round my own favorite students 
in philosophy, nor the leaders in mathematics, nor those success- 
ful in biology; nor could I fairly award the palm to the Phi Beta 
Kappa men who have excelled in all their subjects. It seems to 
me that stronger than any other group, tougher in intellectual 
fiber, keener in intellectual interest, better equipped to battle 
with coming problems, are the college debaters — the boys who, 
apart from their regular studies, band themselves together for 
intellectual controversy with each other and with their friends 
in other colleges. I am not concerned to argue here the pros 
and cons of intercollegiate debate. It has its defects as well as 
its virtues. But if it be true that in this activity many of our 
best minds find their most congenial occupation and are furthered 
in intellectual growth rather than hindered in it, here is a chal- 
lenge which we cannot fail to meet in the administration of col- 
lege life and studies. And in some measure, though in different 
forms, what is true of debating holds true of dramatics, of writing, 
of music, and the other activities. When boys form their clubs or 
"crowds" for the spontaneous, enthusiastic pursuit of some chosen 
ideal, they gain from it a power, a liveliness of interest which can 
never be gained where that spontaneity is lacking. 

But now I shall be asked: Would you substitute these activ- 
ities for the studies — give up the classroom for the lounging- 
room and the Union? Of course not. The very excellence of 
these activities is that fundamentally they are the fruits of the 
classroom. But the point is that by these fruits the work of the 
classroom shall be known. We need not forget that these activ- 
ities are only accidental and that the real values lie in the studies 
and the teaching. But none the less it is true that these activ- 
ities reveal to us, far better than any examinations can do, the 
success or failure of the classroom itself. They are, as it were, 
mirrors in which we can see ourselves and our work. If we want 
to know the effect of what we are doing in the classroom, let us 
look to see what the students are doing outside of it when they 
are free to follow their own desires. If they do not, on their 

ii6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

own initiative, carry on activities springing out of their studies, 
then you may count on it that however well the tests are met 
the studies are of little value. Show me a college in which lit- 
erature is taught but in which the boys do not band together to 
read and write and criticise, in which they do not yearn to be 
themselves "literary." However well literature may be taught 
in that college it is not well learned. What would you say of the 
teaching of philosophy which did not send boys off into quarrel- 
ling, rending, puzzling groups, determined each to give to his 
fellows the solutions of the problems that have baffled human 
thinking? What will you say of the teaching of history, eco- 
nomics, or social science w^hich ends in the passive appropria- 
tion of a book.? Surely if it is vital, you will find the young men 
stimulated by it eagerly re-forming and re-shaping in idea the 
society about them and perhaps going out to do some work to 
bring their ideas to fulfilment. And if in these and other cases 
it does appear that the studies in the classroom have no outside 
effect, lead to no outside activities, what expectation can you 
have that they will lead to activity after the college days are 
done? If studies do not stimulate to spontaneous free outside 
activities, if they are merely the learning of lessons and giving 
them back, then the results of our training are pitifully small; 
we may send out good, well-meaning boys, who will do what they 
are told and refrain from doing anything else, but we shall not 
send out men of intellectual power and grip who are able to live 
for themslves the life which the intellect opens before them. 


What, then, in a word, should be our attitude toward these 
activities? I think that, without officially looking at them, we 
should be forever watching them as the mariner watches his 
barometer when the waves are high. And we must see to it 
that the classroom dominates the activities, making them what 
they ought to be. And how is that to be done? Can it be done 
by legislating out of the college all activities not in harmony 
with the classroom? I fear that very little can be accomplished 
in that way. The only real way to dominate the activities is 
to dominate the men who are in them. In a college where the 

Student Activities in the College 117 

teacher masters the mind and imagination of the pupil, there 
will be little trouble about harmful activities. If teachers are 
mere taskmasters, assigning lessons and seeing that they are 
done, they need not expect the boy to do them over again a sec- 
ond time just for the love of the task. When the cat's away 
the mice will play, and they very seldom play at calling the cat 
to come back so that they may be chased and terrified again. A 
college is a place where work should be and must be done, but 
a liberal college in which the student activities are simply reac- 
tions from the studies, ways of escape from the dreary grind — 
such an institution is not a college at all. If we do not succeed 
in making boys want to do the things which we deem worth 
doing, then we may be good drill masters, but we are not good 
teachers, and we have no proper place in a college of liberal 

But I know that I shall be accused of talking in vague general- 
ities and of missing the real point of the issue. Do not these 
activities interfere with the studies, I shall be asked; do they not 
take time and energy on which the teacher has a rightful claim? 
Yes, they do. But there are many other things whose interfer- 
ence is more serious. As for that, one study, if it be successfully 
taught, interferes with other studies not so well taught. But in 
the give and take of a college life, a study should be able to take 
care of itself. The teacher has large power in his own hands; 
if he cannot exercise it then the fault belongs to him rather than 
to the situation. 

Teachers often tell me of their worries about the overdoing of 
student activities. And I know that they are overdone. But 
I have far more worry about the men who underdo them. The 
men I worry about are those who overdo the inactivities. What 
of the men who do no debating, no acting, no writing, no reading, 
no philanthropic services, no music? What have we done to 
them or failed to do to them in the classroom that they should 
be willing simply not to be in the hours in which they are free? 
What in the world do they do with themselves? So far as one 
can see they just dawdle. They are the men who play cards or 
pool, who talk about the teams, read the papers, walk the streets, 
watch the passers-by. These are the men for whom I feel re- 
sponsibility, about whose fate I torture my soul with dreadful 

ii8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

anticipations. Would you not rather have them engaged in ac- 
tivities? When we have found some way of saving these men 
from themselves, it will be time for us to deal with their breth- 
ren who are at least alive and whose very activity at times puts 
the classroom to shame. 

The one attitude toward student activities which seems to me 
deplorable is a kind of sullen hostility which one sometimes finds 
in earnest college teachers. They give one the impression of 
having been beaten in a fight, of feeling that the worse cause has 
prevailed over the better, of resenting both their defeat and the 
unfairness of a conflict in which such a defeat is possible. Now 
the trouble with this attitude is that it is not sane, and further, 
that it places the teacher in an utterly false relation to his pupils. 
No teacher can ever afford to be beaten either by his pupils or 
by their friends. He must be master and that for the reason 
that he has in charge the fundamental interests upon which all 
values depend. For the sake of those interests he must dom- 
inate the boy both within the classroom and outside it, and what- 
ever the difficulties, he may never admit himself beaten in the 
task. I am convinced that the teachers in any of the college 
communities which we know can make of those communities 
what they will. If they fail, the fault is not in the situation but 
in the men whose business it is to master it. 

I began this paper by accepting the principle concerning stu- 
dent activities, "The less said about them, the better." I think 
you will agree with me that I have been loyal to the principle. 
I have not tried to say anything but simply to define an attitude. 

And now I leave my parcel on the cook's table. Let him do 
with it as he will. 

Poems 119 




ING not too proudly pseans of thy peace, 
O Country mine, while martyred Belgium bleeds! 
Thy sons know freedom well and they are strong- 

But all men are not free and are not strong; 

And if again the cry should come for thee 

From distant, desolate lands — which Heaven forbid ! - 

Remember Cuba and the Philippines, 

And thine own dear-embannered truth, and God's, — 

Peace without justice never can be peace. 


SIR, who are you to claim 
This high and holy name — 
"The Instrument of God"? 
Look round you, till the sod 
Of homeless Belgium 
Strikes your insolence dumb! 

Is this the goal the years 

Have climbed to through their tears, 

Or, mid your vaunts and sneers, 

Do you not quite forget 

Self -glory never yet 

Has held the parapet? 

Shall nations, suppliant-bent, 
Receive you Heaven-sent, 
And, Teuton-like, obey 
Your lese-majeste. 
Or are you but the son 
Of Attila the Hun? 

1 20 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

fl)n College !E)iII 



THIS article, written at the request of the Quarterly, is 
not intended to be a critical analysis of the football situ- 
ation at Amherst, nor is it intended to be a comprehensive 
review of the season recently ended. It might more accurately 
be considered the first impressions which football conditions at 
Amherst College have made upon one who has been intimately 
connected with football in a neighboring institution and who, 
formerly viewing Amherst football from the opposite side lines, 
is suddenly transferred to the home side of the field. The fol- 
lowing statements have, therefore, the values and the dangers 
of first impressions. Salient points, especially when they differ 
from conditions as they exist in other colleges with whose football 
methods and traditions one is familiar, stand out in bold relief. 
On the other hand, further observation and knowledge would 
probably lead to a correction of the first somewhat one-sided 
impressions and to a softening of the apparent contrasts. 

In the first place, the football interest and spirit of the student 
body as a whole is not so keen at Amherst as at some other col- 
leges. Victories and defeats mean less and the game is taken 
less seriously than is the case in many places. This may be 
considered desirable or undesirable, depending upon the point 
of view. It is due, partly, to the very real interest of the students 
in the intellectual side of college life and to the subordination of 
what President Wilson calls the "side shows" to something hke 
their relative importance. The high standard of work required 
for admission and for remaining in college and the keen mental 
attitude of a large proportion of the students make splendidly im- 
possible at Amherst the type of man, not unknown, who goes to 
college in order that he may play football. 

Football at Amherst 121 

On the other hand, interest and enthusiasm accompany suc- 
cess, and the relatively poor football played by Amherst teams 
during the past few years is no doubt an important element in 
the general lack of enthusiasm. The football spirit at Harvard, 
for example, is radically different now from what it was ten years 
ago, and not the least cause is the consistent victories of recent 
Harvard teams. Success breeds good spirit, enthusiasm, and 
tradition. These in turn make for success. Each aids the other. 
What Amherst needs is to break into this circle somehow, either 
by winning games, which will develop a tradition, or by building 
up spirit, which helps to win games. 

It is also rumored that the proximity of Smith College is not 
altogether beneficial to Amherst athletics, and that some men 
who might be useful in the more vigorous and masculine outdoor 
sports prefer to take their exercise in the less strenuous form of 
dancing. It struck the writer as peculiar that it should be nec- 
essary for captain and coach to make an open appeal before the 
student body for more material, that many men with obvious 
football possibilities never appear on the field, and that in a 
college of more than four hundred men the average football 
squad, including the freshmen, who are ineligible for the Varsity 
team, numbered only about thirty men. And of these some 
played because they were expected to, not because they enjoyed 
the game. Football practice is too often made tiresome drud- 
gery when it might be made excellent fun, without any danger 
of degenerating into farce or losing the necessary discipline. 
The writer has seen football squads at work and enjoying it. 

The prime requisite for consistently successful football is a 
permanent, well-established coaching system. Experience has 
proved that the best results are secured when one man, who is 
a thorough student of the game, who knows how to coach a 
team, — which, by the way, is a very different thing from being 
able to play a position, — and who has the personal qualities of 
leadership and inspiration is given full power and responsibility 
and allowed to develop his system. Haughton at Harvard, 
Cavanaugh at Dartmouth, Yost at Michigan, and Daly at Wil- 
liams are names to conjure with in the football world. The 
recent weakness in football at Yale and Pennsylvania has been 
due to divided responsibility or actual disagreement over coach- 

1 22 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

ing system, or to frequent changes in coaching pohcy. Amherst 
also has apparently suffered from these conditions, and has not 
been able to establish her football system on a firm and perma- 
nent basis. 

For some reason or other it seems that few preparatory school 
football "stars" enter Amherst. This means that her teams 
must be made up largely of men who are developed during their 
college course. This is not wholly a disadvantage, as the writer 
knows by experience that the type of player most valuable to a 
team is one who has worked up from the scrub, rather than one 
who comes to college spoiled by a preparatory school reputation 
and with a tendency toward individual play or toward playing 
to the grandstand. This situation does, however, necessitate 
especial attention to the best development in available material, 
and in this direction some improvement in the present treat- 
ment of freshman football is needed. 

It is the writer's opinion that the best results are secured when 
colleges schedule games with teams of approximately their own 
class. There is no sport in a game where a small college team 
with few substitutes is made a chopping-block by a university 
team with a big squad of able substitutes. Usually the small 
college team plays a very respectable game against its larger 
opponent during the first periods, only to be worn down and 
smotliered under a large score during the latter periods. Such a 
score does not represent the real strength of the two teams as 
football machines, and it is when men are tired and discour- 
aged that injuries are likely to occur. From this point of view 
the same arguments that led Amherst a few years ago to omit 
Harvard from her schedule might now apply equally to Dart- 
mouth. Games with Williams, Wesleyan, Bowdoin, Trinity, 
and teams of that type are more interesting and more sports- 
manlike. Or if the larger universities are played, an agreement 
might be made by which they would promise not to use more 
than fifteen or sixteen different men. Such a plan was suggested 
to Trinity by Yale a few years iago. 

In the writer's opinion, the Williams game is somewhat over- 
emphasized. Not that the men think too much of winning that 
game, but rather that they think too little of winning the others. 
There is a sort of feeling that the other games make no differ- 

Football at Amherst 


ence if only the Williams game is won. But if football is worth 
playing it is worth playing hard and to win, and a team that has 
lost most of its previous games and that is not accustomed to 
victory and the confidence that comes from winning is not likely 
to win its big game. If each game were taken as it comes, and 
effort concentrated on that game until it were over, the chance 
of winning the final game would be much better. 

A few general statements concerning this year's team, based 
upon some observation of their practice and an analysis of their 
play in the four games that the writer witnessed, follow. The 
team in general showed splendid sportsmanship and good fight- 
ing spirit, but lacked confidence and dash. Its defense against 
straight football was good, but against the open game was un- 
certain. A loose ball was fatal in the games against Bowdoin, 
Springfield, and Williams. The team as a whole lacked football 
instinct and, in most games, was deficient in generalship. Its 
offense was weak, as is shown by the fact that it scored but five 
touchdowns in eight games; and the team as a whole lacked 
finish and machine-like precision, especially in the backfield, 
although the work of the men as individuals was in many cases 
excellent. The team was potentially powerful and in several 
games outplayed its opponents, yet failed to score, and blun- 
dered just enough to gives its more alert opponents the needed 
chance to win. 

Such are the impressions, somewhat superficial, no doubt, 
which are left from an acquaintance with Amherst football dur- 
ing one short season. Any constructive suggestions of value 
retjuire a much longer and more careful study of the situation 
and its underlying causes. Football, with its emphasis on phys- 
ical courage, discipline, and concerted effort toward a common 
ideal, is a splendid game for vigorous young men, and as a focus 
for college spirit and loyalty is an excellent thing for the college. 
Many of the accompanying evils, which threatened a decade 
ago to kill the game, have been removed, and its more valuable 
phases are being brought out and developed. In this process 
as in other fields of effort it behooves Amherst to take a leading 

1 24 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



[Address given at the presentation of the Noah Webster Memorial, 
October 13, 1914] 

MHERST is known the world over as the college of cul- 
ture. But faith, not culture, is the keynote of the founders. 
By their achievements they proved the faith that moves 
mountains; and as for the future they confidently looked forward 
to the glorious part Amherst should take in making the kingdoms 
of this world the kingdom of our Lord and his Christ. 

Culture without faith means the negation of culture. That 
is the lesson Germany is teaching us today. When we consider 
that the breaking of a sacred treaty, the razing of a great univer- 
sity town, and the destruction of a beautiful cathedral are the 
logical acts not of vandals but of the nation whose great Doctor 
Faustus used his learning to accomplish the downfall of a sweet 
and innocent girl, then we grasp the meaning of the old text: 
"The fear of the Lord, that is wisdom, and to depart from evil 
is understanding." 

Such was the big elemental idea that the sculptor Willard Dry- 
den Paddock had in mind when he modeled the figure that typifies 
the character of Noah Webster. While he has deftly suggested 
the good citizen and the great teacher, the dominant note is the 
note of faith. So that he who runs may read, the monument 
bears this legend: "I know in whom I have believed, and am 
persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed 
unto him against that day." 

This text was the dying testimony of the great founder. Is 
it too much to hope that these living words so set forth will quicken 
the faith of Amherst men from generation to generation, and so 
establish the culture bequeathed to us by the founders of our 
honored college? 

Person AND Memorial 125 



[Address given in reply and explanation] 

N^ OAH WEBSTER lived in Amherst ten years, from 1812 
to 1822. In his diary he writes of his removal from New 
— Haven to Amherst and his reason for it: "July 2, 1812, 

I sold my house in New Haven, & on the 13th purchased a house 
& six acres of land in Amherst, Massachusetts. The principal 
motive of this change of residence, was to enable me to subsist 
my family at a less expense. I removed the first week in Sep- 
tember." Toward the end of that ten year period, it will be 
remembered, Amherst College, the outgrowth of the former 
Amherst Academy, was founded. We find in Mr. Webster's 
diary the following records: "August 9, 1820. The Corner 
Stone of the Collegiate Institution in Amherst was laid by Dr. 
Parsons, president of the Board of Trustees of the Academy, & 
it fell to me to make a short address standing on the stone." A 
little later we find: "Sept. 18, 1820 [Mr. Webster corrects this 
erroneous date in another document to 1821] was dedicated the 
Collegiate Institution in Amherst. First prayer by Rev. Joshvia 
Crosby of Enfield. Sermon by Rev. Dr. Aaron W. Leland of 
Charlestown, S. Carolina, a native of Peru, in this state. At the 
same time President Moore & Professor E stab rook were in- 
ducted into Ofiice; the ceremony performed by myself, as presi- 
dent of the Board of Trustees. The last Prayer by the Rev'^. 
Thomas Snell of North Brookfield. The business of founding 
this Institution has been verj^ laborious and perplexing, & every 
thing almost was to be collected by begging Contributions. As 
soon as I was satisfied the Institution was well established by the 
Induction of Ofiicers, I resigned my seat in the Board of Trus- 
tees Sept. 19, 1820 [1821], & Dr. Moore was elected into the 
Board & made President." 

1 26 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

In the Webster Mss. is preserved "An Introduction to the Cere- 
monies of Dedication and the Inauguration of officers of the 
Collegiate Institute at Amherst, Sept. 18, 1821." Of this doc- 
ument, which we need not quote from here, the biographer says: 
"This document might be called the confession of faith of Am- 
herst College, and in the body corporate Webster might be called 
the brain and the mouthpiece and the other ardent Christian 
projectors, the heart and hands and the feet w^hich carried this 
daring visionary project into effect and gave it bodily shape 
and substance." 

His Dictionary nearing completion, Mr. Webster in 1822 
returned with his family to New Haven; one reason being that 
as his Spelling Book was becoming more remunerative he could 
order his affairs on a somewhat more expensive scale than he 
was compelled to in Amherst. 

Thus we review in a few brief memoranda the relation of Noah 
Webster to Amherst College; a man whose relations were rather 
with the whole English speaking world. We have hardly to 
specify what these relations were; we find them familiarly known 
in every household. We have only to ask of him the question 
that Polonius put to Hamlet, "What do you read, my lord?" 
And Mr. Webster's answer would be the same as Hamlet's, 
"Words, words, words." The pioneer of American lexicography, 
the compiler of the immortal Webster's Spelling Book, — that is 
what Noah Webster is to the educational world; the arbiter for 
generations of the words we write and of the usages we may 
employ or avoid in our daily intercourse. We take the labors of 
his life, as if they were merely the work of a pedagogue or a util- 
ity man, and do not think what more he was. W^e do not realize, 
what nevertheless is the fact, that by his public services to his 
country, as an educator, as a pioneer of culture, as a leader and 
civic adviser, influential alike in his state and throughout the 
nation, he proved himself during a lean and needy period of 
our history a personal force of the first order, — one of our great 

But the statue erected here in Amherst grounds is not a memo- 
rial of that at all; it is a memorial, say rather a symbol, of some- 
thing far greater, the thing which made that greatne:^s real. 

Person and Memorial 127 

It is not a statue of Noah Webster; it is a statue of faith — 
*' Noah Webster, His Faith." It was his faith, as thirty-five 
years of steadfast Christian hfe and confession evinced. When 
in his last illness, as his daughter, Mrs. Eliza Webster Jones, 
relates, he felt that his end might be near, he gave repeated 
expression to it. "At 5," she writes, " Dr. Taylor called to 
see him. Father remarked ' I am very sick this afternoon, but 
I have no pain, and I think I may recover.' Dr. Taylor kindly 
answered, ' You are an old man, Dr. Webster, and it is well to 
be prepared for the result whatever it may be.' Father looked 
expressively. He understood him and folding his hands, said 
' I'm ready to go; my work is all done, I know in whom I have 
believed.' " When a few days later Rev. Dr. Stuart, who had 
been his first pastor, called upon him, he had the same testi- 
mony. As his biographer, Dr. Goodrich, writes: "The same 
hopes which had cheered the vigor of manhood were now shed- 
ding a softened light over the decay and sufferings of age. 'I 
know whom I have believed,' — such was the solemn and affect- 
ing testimony which he gave to his friend, while the hand of 
death was upon him, — ' I know whom I have believed, and 
that he is able to keep that which I have committed to him against 
that day.' " 

And there, at the end of that beautiful vista of maples, with 
the ivy-covered church its background, is seated the noble fig- 
ure that portrays in enduring bronze and granite a faith like 
this; — no deathbed plea, no shallow or passing sentiment, but 
a prime element of the spiritual life of man. Do not interpret 
the symbol as if it were meant for only one occupation or pro- 
fession. When Amherst College was founded, its projectors had 
mainly in view the training of devout-minded young men for the 
Christian ministry. Since that time the proportioning of things 
has changed, and Amherst has prepared men for all professions, 
increasing in their variety until the Christian ministry is in a small 
minority. Our honored alumnus, Richard Billings, who gives this 
statue, and to w^hose loving study and care its exquisite sym- 
bolism is largely due, went from Amherst not into the ministry 
nor into any profession at all, but into business. Well, the 
inscription on this granite is eminently a business inscription, 

1 28 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

expressed in business idiom. "And am persuaded," it says, 
"that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him;" 
these five words are a single one in Greek, — paratheke, the 
Greek word for a bank deposit. It is as if the apostle had said, 
"I know that my deposit, the investment of my life and faith 
and work, is in the hands of a sound Banker, who will keep it 
safe against that day. It is the sufficing faith for every man, 
and for every occupation in life." 

It is impossible to overestimate the eesthetic and spiritual 
value of a memorial like this to our college community, as class 
after class and generation after generation walk and work in 
the calm presence of it. Not merely its sculptural merit, which 
I think will grow upon us and sink within us until we shall feel 
that we have here one of the notable monuments of American 
art, but that indefinable influence which penetrates to the sub- 
conscious and the unconscious, will diffuse its manly and bracing 
atmosphere and Amherst College will mean a great deal more 
for its presence here. As I looked upon it when it was first 
set up, a passage in Wordsworth's Prelude came to my mind, 
the passage in which he describes the influence upon him of 
Cambridge University with its treasures of nature and art, as 
he took residence there, a country boy from Cumberland: 

"And from my pillow, looking forth by light 
Of moon or favoring stars, I could behold 
The antechapel where the statue stood 
Of Newton with his prism and silent face, 
The marble index of a mind for ever 
Voyaging through strange seas of thought, alone." 

It was not the book-memory of a historical or learned person 
that pressed upon that freshman's spirit; it was the mystic silent 
voyage of the man who interpreted gravitation to the world and 
brought back untold intellectual values from his inner travels. 
We have here in Amherst, through the beneficence of our hon- 
ored alumnus, the bronze index of something far more compre- 
hensive than intellect, a faith that takes into itself and hallows 
intellect and aspiration and will and the whole life, a faith that 
does not guess but knows, and has committed its noblest ener- 

Person AND Memorial 129 

gies to Him who is able to keep our deposited treasure against 
that day of supreme testing. We think of the venerable Eng- 
lish universities, Oxford and Cambridge, and of the aesthetic 
and spiritual atmosphere made fragrant by their treasures of 
architecture and the painter's and sculptor's art; we think of 
these, and the places are almost like holy ground to us. Our 
college is yet young to have acquired to any impressive extent 
the flavor of the artistic and aesthetic; for this must be the growth 
of years. We have the landscape setting, the beauty of hill and 
foliage and prospect, far beyond what Oxford and Cambridge 
can afford. And now we rejoice that, as we near the end of our 
first century, this noble beginning, as we trust, of a new and finer 
era is placed here to be the index of the manliest attribute of the 
human soul, the silent yet uplifting influence for beauty and truth 
and victorious manhood. 

130 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 





A LYRIC hour at dawn I walked with thee j 

A space. It is not noon — and thou art gone! ; 

Thou art invisible, no longer in ; 

Mine eyes a constant blue, as is the sky , 
That colors all our days with vividness 

Of purity. The song thou chanted 'st toward \ 

The half-unrisen sun sings now far past ; 

His realms, not here. The clean cool path of morn " 
We trod is hot with racing dusty feet. 
It is not noon — and thou art gone to God ! 

'Twas God who cut thee off in thine own hour 

Of life creative, in thy godliest moment. 

Ah, friend, I know that thou wast different 

From men. The crystal of thy mind, the love \ 

Of which thy soul was made, the kinship thou | 

Didst know 'twixt earth and stars, drew God to thee; i 

And He hath drawn thee unto Him, perhaps ; 

To grow thee to a god to sway a star 

Higher than earth, amongst a race unknown i 

Of men. 

I could not dream thee vanished in ■ 

The blue. I could not doubt a God — and bear j 

To know that thou art gone. I could not think j 

Thee gone — and doubt thy godhood there. For while ; 

I suffer most for thee beneath the flame \ 

Of noon, I hear thy song smite all the suns 
That dawn and fail in space, I see thy soul 
Burning like beauty in heaven ! 

Charles Seymour Whitman 131 

Cf)e am6ct0t Illnmiom 


Edwin Duffey 

FOR four years the people of the State of New York had 
seen the affairs of the state slowly sink to such a low level 
of honesty and efficiency that at last, without regard to 
party, the demand for a radical change came from all sources. 
The existing administration was largely discredited, and its mem- 
bers quarreled among themselves, — all culminating in the im- 
peachment of a governor by his own party. The appointment of 
unworthy men to important offices resulted in much maladminis- 
tration. Corruption was in many cases charged and in some 
cases clearly shown, and distrust was wide-spread. As during the 
past year the time for nominations for governor approached, there 
was a state-wide feeling, shared by the adherents of all parties, 
that there must be a radical change; and with this rose a demand 
that a man be found who could purge the evils of the state. When 
the nominations were made one man — felt to be the needed 
man — stood out conspicuously above all others. At least the 
people so viewed it; and at the election he was chosen governor by 
an overwhelming vote. 

It is a matter of just pride to think that Amherst gave this man 
to his state. Gratifying to a greater degree, however, is the fact 
that in a time of such need there was found one whose career 
thus far gives such eminent promise of fitness for the work to be 
done. From many sources throughout the state of New York, 
as shown by a vote that outruns any normal vote of party, comes 
the evidence to what an extraordinary degree Charles S. Whit- 
man has the confidence of the people, and how strong is the con- 
viction that the needs and the man have met. 

The nomination of Mr. Whitman by his party was no accident. 
It was logical and inevitable. In the primaries where the party 
choice was made, though opposed by two candidates who were 

132 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

well and favorably known in state affairs, he outran them both 
throughout the state, and the vote by which he was chosen was 
unprecedented. The state had come to know him; and now, as 
the people were aroused and in thinking mood, to know him was 
to desire that in a larger sphere he might do the kind of work that 
had already drawn men's attention to him. The great confidence 
thus shown was the natural outgrowth of Mr. Whitman's previous 
career; a career of great distinction won by hard, continuous, in- 
telligent, and fearless work. 

Charles Seymour Whitman was graduated from Amherst in 
1890. In college he was a superior student, ranking high in his 
class, and in Senior year its president. Since his graduation his 
life has been filled with hard work, and his progress toward posi- 
tions of responsibility has been steady. For the first few years 
he taught, and while teaching completed a law-school course. 
Beginning the practice of the law in New York he was appointed 
in 1902, twelve years after his graduation at college, assistant 
corporation counsel of the City of New York under the admin- 
istration of Seth Low. For two years he represented the city at 
Albany during the sessions of the legislature, and did the work 
with a faithfulness and thoroughness that attracted much notice. 
During the last year of Mayor Low's administration he became 
the Mayor's counsel, and at the close of the term of office received 
from him the appointment of City Magistrate, He administered 
the affairs of this office so well that the press called him the best 
of all the magistrates; and his associates, though nearly all demo- 
crats, elected him president of their body. After his term as 
magistrate he engaged for some time in private law practice. 

His return to more public duties came about in the adminis- 
tration of Governor Hughes, who in 1907 appointed him a judge of 
the court of General Sessions, the highest criminal court in the 
state. Here it was found that he could be a good judge as well 
as a good magistrate, and his conduct of several important trials 
attracted attention. In the same year, 1907, certain charges 
being made of gross election frauds in a county in the northern 
part of the state. Governor Hughes appointed him a deputy At- 

Charles Seymour Whitman 133 

torney General to investigate the matter. Consternation ruled 
when it was found that a fearless and searching investigation was 
being conducted. Notwithstanding great difficulties and ob- 
stacles the alleged frauds vrere discovered and the guilty officers 
prosecuted. The excellent work thus done was highly commended 
by the governor. 

In 1908, as an important election was to be held in New York 
City, a fusion ticket was proposed. ^Yitllout opposition Mr. 
Whitman was nominated District Attorney, and was elected by 
a large plurality. In 1913 he was renominated for the same office, 
first receiving the nomination of the Republican party. His 
administration of that great office had been so conspicuously suc- 
cessful and satisfactory that a tribute hitherto unheard of in 
New York was paid him. He was endorsed in succession by the 
Progressives, by the Independence League, by the Prohibitionists, 
and even by the Democratic party, thus receiving a unanimous 
election. Thus the work he had done in various positions of 
trust before 1908 brought him a great municipal office; but the 
work that he has done since then as District Attorney has not 
only brought him the greatest office in the gift of the people of 
his state, it has made him a national figure. 


The office of a district attorney is usually occupied to a very 
large extent with the prosecution of crimes of violence. From 
the moment Judge Whitman took office a new order of things w^as 
instituted. Complaints and crimes of all kinds were attended 
to at the moment they became known. At the outset he worked 
for an additional number of assistants to attend the daily ses- 
sions of all the magistrates' courts of the city, The men desig- 
nated considered the interests of both complainant and defendant ; 
and thus a sifting of cases diminished the number of cases for trial 
courts, saved those unjustly or mistakenly accused, promoted 
economy, and furthered justice. During his five years of office 
all crimes of violence have been vigorously prosecuted. Some of 
these cases attracted attention throughout the whole country. 

One, the celebrated Becker case, which has become a well- 
nigh world-case, has served to put the prosecutor in the front rank. 

134 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The case was a dramatic one. The crime occurred at two o'clock 
in the morning. In half an hour the District Attorney was on 
the scene. Out of the confusion, with many evidences present that 
an effort was under way to hide the trail of the murderers, he drove 
straight at the vital facts and unaided obtained the number of 
the murder car. Thus out of the swift, unerring work of that first 
hour the facts that led to the conviction of Becker vv^ere secured; 
and all accounts of this now famous case agree that had not Mr. 
Whitman done what he did that night all trails would have been 
lost, and the murder of Rosenthal would have been an unsolved 
mystery. What was so dramatically begun was pursued by the 
District Attorney in person through all its maze of details to final 
conviction. A thing deemed impossible was accomplished, and 
a way was driven by practically single-handed effort to the seat 
of police corruption in New York. 

The administration of the District Attorney's office through the 
whole five years has resulted in conviction after conviction of the 
most unexpected and startling nature. Murderers, robbers, 
burglars, and thieves were prosecuted with so great promptness that 
soon the number of such offenses in New York w^as greatly reduced. 
At the same time other crimes, crimes not of violence but of the 
class where prosecutions are somewhat rare and convictions usu- 
ally a surprise, were effected with equal vigor and success. The 
prosecution of the so-called Poultry Trust, one of these cases, atrial 
lasting many months, resulted in the conviction of nearly thirty 
offenders, all of whom received jail sentences as well as fines It 
was the first time the law for such cases had ever been enforced 
in the state. 

Election frauds have been common in New York. The people 
felt, however, that prosecutions were useless because satisfactory 
evidence could not be obtained. Mr. W^hitman thought other- 
wise. From time to time he has convicted a small army of crooked 
election officers. On one occasion ballot boxes were brought in- 
to court, ballots opened and counted, the election officers con- 
victed, and a Tammany assemblyman who by the false returns 
had been declared elected resigned and the honestly elected assem- 
blyman — a progressive — was permitted to take his seat in the 

Two years ago a state senator was accused of bribery. He was 
tried by the senate and acquitted. It was generally believed to 

Charles Seymour Whitman 135 

be a miscarriage of justice, and a feeling of hopelessness was mani- 
fest. As some of the acts constituting the crime charged were com- 
mitted in New York County, District-Attorney Whitman in- 
dicted and tried the accused senator, and in a few weeks he was 
convicted and sentenced to a long term in Sing Sing. 

A few years ago several banks in New York failed. Charges 
of fraud and misuse of funds were made, but as the suspected offi- 
cials were influential and some of them close to the political leaders 
in New York, to punish them seemed out of the question. The 
facts were almost impossible to obtain, and the accused men felt 
secure. Mr. Whitman employed experts, set his best men at 
work on the cases, worked with them himself, and soon had the 
chief offenders convicted. They are now serving prison terms. 

Some twenty or more lawyers who had been dishonest with 
their clients have been convicted, and many are now in prison. 
This too was something new; for the conviction of a lawyer of 
crime has hitherto been very rare. 

For many years incendiary fires were of daily occurrence. A 
vague belief was prevalent that there was organized arson, but it 
could not be proved as a fact. Mr. Whitman, becoming convinced 
that there was foundation for the belief, determined to ferret it out. 
He gave the investigation close personal attention, and finally 
"broke through." Two or three tools were convicted and con- 
fessed. The result was the uncovering of the so-called "arson 
trust," and some twenty odd "principals" were soon in the toils 
and oft' to prison for long terms. Insurance authorities say that 
the worst gang of fire-setters that was ever organized in the city 
has been completely broken up, and that the annual saving in 
money reaches three millions of dollars. 

The state has a law regulating the giving of money in political 
campaigns. Prosecutions for violation of this law were all but 
unknown. Political parties did not desire too close a scrutiny of 
those welcome gifts. The District xlttorney said the law must be 
obeyed. Many were indicted, including the treasurer of the dem- 
ocratic state committee; and when arraigned this official pleaded 
guilty to the cliarge. 

Until the beginning of the present administration convictions 
of forfeited bail bonds were seldom made. Orders were issued by 
~Sh'. Whitman that all such l)onds must be enforced. During his 

136 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

term nearly four hundred thousand dollars have been collected 
from this source and turned into the treasury. 

Convictions for perjury are most difficult to obtain. It is 
often said that perjury is no longer regarded as a crime. Every 
case of perjury that has come into Mr. Whitman's office has been 
prosecuted, and scores of convictions obtained. One of the trial 
judges in New York has said that these convictions have been 
most wholesome, and that false swearing has perceptibly decreased. 


The foregoing are but a few of the prominent instances of the 
thorough and complete efficiency of Mr. Whitman's work in his 
present office. It has all been done in a smooth, equable way; with 
all the affairs of the office, down to minute details, under his daily 
personal charge. He has shown administrative ability of the 
highest order, and a capacity for work quite marvellous. Much 
of the best work of the office has resulted from the District Attor- 
ney's compelling personality; which has WTung admissions and 
confessions from many a guilty man, and made possible the con- 
viction in many cases of the more guilty ones "higher up. " 

It is a principle of the criminal law that penalty is inflicted not 
so much for the purpose of punishing the offender as for the pur- 
pose of deterring others. In the District Attorney's office of New 
York during the past few years offenders against the law have been 
prosecuted as never before in our day. Punishment has come 
quickly. No persons have been dispensed. No one has had 
a "pull." Incalculable benefit has come to the city, now that 
it is clearly known that there is no safety to an offender whoever 
he may be, if he violates the prescribed laws. And it is interest- 
ing to speculate, having in mind the principle just mentioned, 
how much less crime there has been in New York City as the 
result of the best administration of the District Attorney's oflSce 
that the city has ever known. 

It was because of his conspicuously valuable and successful 
work as District Attorney that Mr. Whitman's nomination and 
election to the governorship of New York became possible. xA.s for 
his own party, there could be no other choice. • No other gave 
such promise in this time of need. The result of the election 

Charles Seymour Whitman 137 

shows too that there was but one man wanted by the people at 
large. Great work had been done in the pubhc service, hard, 
honest work; an efficient and faithful public servant had been 
found; and the people with no uncertain voice have chosen him 
for still greater, though perhaps no more difficult work. He will 
begin his administration as Governor with the full confidence of 
the thinking electorate of the state. All that is asked, and all 
that can be expected from the Governor, is the same kind of work, 
with the same high principle and purpose, that he has shown in 
the administration of the office he has resigned. And the grad- 
uates of Amherst, who have follow^ed his career with the intense 
interest not only of thinking citizens but of classmates and fellow 
alumni, will know with the certitude born of intimacy that the 
people's confidence is well based. 

138 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Cl)e 15ook Cable 


Clark, George L. A History of Connecticut: Its People and Institutions, pp. 

559. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1914. 

This is a noteworthy addition to the literary output of Amherst Ahnnni. In 
his Notions of a Yankee Parson, the author had offered to his readers a practical 
philosophy of life charmingly expressed, and in his Silas Deane, a foretaste of his 
contribution to American History. The present book has the excellencies of the 
earlier works on an enlarged scale, since it consists of 559 octavo pages, handsomely 
printed and bound and containing a narrative of the settlement of Connecticut, 
its early struggles with wilderness and Indians, the formation and growth of its gov- 
ernment and a graphic picture of the life of its people. In separate chapters it tells 
how, in early days, the people lived, how they worshiped, what manner of schools 
they had, how far they were given to holding slaves or persecuting witches, and how 
trading and manufacturing appealed to this part of canny Yankeedom. It gives 
much attention to the deeper things in the people's lives, showing, on the one hand, 
the part they took in wars for independence, and for the preservation of the union, 
in constitution building and the promotion of civil and religious freedom and, on 
the other side, their part in the "Great Awakening" and the later religious life of 
the country. There are chapters on their philanthropies, and temperance move- 
ments and on reformatory institutions, as well as on their literature, art, and music, 
and the various other features of their collective life. 

The liking for institutional history is often an acquired taste. It is easy to make 
the story of warfare dramatic, since it appeals to a fighting instinct in all of us. 
It is much less easy to do this for a history and description of institutions, but ex- 
actly this is what Mr. Clark has done. His work has the unique merit of making 
institutional history fascinating. It is based on adequate research and is scholarly, 
hut it is also good literature. The weight of learning that has gone into the mak- 
ing of it does not repress the author's genial humor nor mar his grace of expression. 

The value of histories of separate states often varies inversely as the size of the 
states described. If great influences have emanated from a small bit of the earth's 
surface, the story of that little but potent area attracts readers by the very contrast 
between the area and what has come out of it — witness Greece as contrasted witii 
the vast stretches of the Persian Empire. Connecticut is an important bit of Xew 
England, standing with Massachusetts and Rhode Island in a complementary grouj), 
each member of which furnished verj' early something essential to the civilization 
which has spread over the continent. Connecticut's part in this work, whose effects 
have extended to California, Alaska, and the distant Philippines, is presented 
clearlj', accurately, and altogether delightfully in this volume, which puts its 
readers and the state itself under obligation. 

JoHx Batp-s Clauk. 
Columbia University, 
New York. 

The Book Table 



A Century's Change in Religion. By George Harris, President Emeritus 
of Amherst College, formerly Professor in Andover Theological Seminary. Bos- 
ton and New York: Houghton MifBin Company. 1914. 

"It was a labor of love," we venture to quote from a private letter, "and will, 
I trust, do some good (as old Professor Ty used to say, 'I guess it won't do any 
harm'), though there are few readers of a religious book." This last remark is 
too sadly true; one who treats a religious subject cannot count on troops of readers 
unless, like the author of "The Inside of the Cup," he has some indictment to 
bring or something seamy to expose. Such books, however, are not apt to be a 
labor of love; they are a labor of criticism instead, and the zest with which the 
censorious read them is liable to be followed by a bad taste in the mouth. To 
the choice company of readers, however, to whom religion is of supreme vital 
importance, this book tracing a century's change, with its clarity of statement, 
its cleanness and economy of phrase, its lucid common sense, and its mas- 
terly handling of the various aspects of the subject, will be a refreshment and 
delight. The interest of it is both inherent in the subject and enhanced by the 
first-hand knowledge and experience of the author. Of the former, President 
Harris says: "I select this period . . . because it is within the recollection of 
many now living. Indeed, those discoveries and influences which have, or are 
supposed to have, modified religious beliefs, have come upon us chiefly within 
the last fifty years. I do not mean that religious beliefs and practices were sta- 
tionary for eighteen hundred years, or during the first half of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, but that the changes of the last fifty years are more marked than those, we 
may almost say, of all the time preceding." Of the enhanced interest due to 
the author's experience, we can judge by his work in a leading theological school 
during a crucial period of its career, and by his subsequent presidency of Amherst 
College, in which the claims of a healthful and progressive religion have never 
failed of a paramount place. 

One of the most significant elements of the century's change in religion is the 
developing sense itself of change, growth, progress; in other words, the transi- 
tion from the conception of the Christian faith as a thing static and absolute, 
craving fixed dogma, to a thing fluid, progressive, flexible, like human life itself. 
"A hundred years ago," writes President Harris, "beliefs were sharph^ defined. 
It was a theological age. Creeds were long and explicit. A Christian must be 
sound in the doctrines." All this connoted the unspoken demand for a founda- 
tion rigid and unchangeable. That was long before the idea of evolution came to 
alter the whole conception of nature and the world. But when it came theology 
could not remain a cold, unpliant outsider; it must needs respond to the current 
of growth which was felt to flow under the realm of being. A significant result 
was that men ceased to cultivate theology as a dogmatic science, even though it 
had ranked as "the Queen of the sciences"; their interest turned instead to reli- 
gion, which, being an experience rather than a philosophy is a thing in which we 
can register change and progress. So it is that the knowledge of divine things 
has fallen into line with the knowledge of earth and man. It is the virtue of the 
century to have discovered, through the evolutionary consciousness, a faith as 
flexible as human experience, yet in spirit eternally the same. 

140 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Of the successive stages and phases of this vitalized faith the book before us 
gives in thirteen brief chapters an able and lucid description. Beginning with the 
movements more immediately connected with the old dogma : The Waning of Cal- 
vinism, Evolution and Theology, Biblical Criticism, The Person of Jesus Christ; 
it goes on to the more distinctively religious experiences such as Redemption and 
Conversion, The Spiritual Man, Eternal Life; finally taking up the practical things 
connected with the Church, Worship and Preaching, and Religious Practice. 
The outcome of its portrayal, though it has revealed the lapsing or weakening of 
many old doctrines, furnishes no occasion of pessimism or alarm. The change 
on the whole has been both wonderful and salutary. The book was written too 
early to take note, except in a few paragraphs at the end, of the terrible catas- 
trophe of war that seems to outrage every religious principle. It has, however, 
accumulated such a basis of enlarged religious faith that it can with all confi- 
dence conclude with these words: "One hundred years ago Europe was swept 
bare by wars of might against right, yet out of those catastrophes came an ad- 
vance of civilization. So it may be, must be, will be now." 

J. F. GE>ruNG. 


Days and Wats In Old Boston. Edited by William S. Eossiter. Boston: 
R. H. Stearns and Company. 1915. 

Of this comely volume of 144 pages and 51 illustrations the name of the editor, 
who besides planning and assembling the contents writes the introductory chap- 
ter, furnishes a substantial but only partial indication of the claim that the book, 
or perhaps we may rather say its associations, should have on the kindly interest 
of Amherst readers. To realize this, one needs onlj' to take note of its publisliers, 
R. H. Stearns and Company; not publishers for the book trade, but one of the 
oldest and most honored mercantile firms in Boston, with whom at present no 
fewer than seven Amherst graduates, ranging from '78 to '14, including the pres- 
ent head lately an alumni trustee, are connected. The book comes out under 
this firm's copyright and imprint. It would be a mistake, however, to regard it as 
in any sense a disguised advertising medium. The firm does not need, nor would 
its taste permit, such a device, — a firm so eminently in position to say, in Shake- 
spearean language, "We are advertised by our loving friends." And this indeed is 
what one detects, in unobtrusive but unmistakable terms, between the lines. It is 
a book of varied information and reminiscence; and yet in a true sense it is a trib- 
ute, spontaneous and sincere: first, of a son to a revered father, after sixty-seven 
years of prosperous business carried on from the start within two and a half blocks 
of the present site; and secondly, of numerous friends and patrons to an honored 
business, we may say an institution, which has become as truly historic, as char- 
acteristic of the essential Boston, as the State House or the Old South Church. 
On these the book has drawn for its subject-matter. The "old Boston," whose 
days and ways are therein described, dates back not to colonial or revolutionary 
days but to 1847, when Richard H. Stearns, who had come as a country lad from 
Lincoln (the first time with a load of potatoes and an ox team), opened a small 
store under the old Adams House in Washington Street, — " the obscure beginning 

The Book Table 141 

of the present successful business, in which the founder took a vital interest 
until his death in his eighty-fifth year." Look sharp and you will read his name 
at the right of the picture facing page 15; then turning to the picture facing page 
131 you will get the difference between then and now, — no identifying name 
needed for a Bostonian. Do not miss then the portrait reproduced opposite page 
129, the lineaments of a man of whom at his death Hon. John D. Long said, 
' ' There was no walk in which his steps were not taken in honor, truth, and right- 
eousness." Thus, if we take note merely of the publishers, the book's tribute is 
well earned; from the Amherst point of view also a like tribute is due when we consider 
not only our seven graduates maintaining the honor and efficiency of the busi- 
ness, but the fact that two of Mr. Stearns's sons and one grandson took degrees 
from the college and wives from families of the faculty, and a granddaughter is 
the wife of an Amherst graduate. 

But the book itself deserves something better than this long delay in approach- 
ing it. Names well known to literature, joining in the tribute, are appended to 
the graceful sketches that make it up. The first one after Mr. Rossiter's introduc- 
tory chapter, with the title "Other Days and Ways in Boston and Cambridge," 
was Avritten for the book by Thomas Wentworth Higginson in February, 1911, 
only three months before his death. The "Recollections of Old Boston," which 
follows, gathered from a conversation with a Boston lady of the period, would 
reveal a name equally well known to literature if the lady were willing to have 
her name given. The charming piece on "The Old Rosewood Desk," by Maude 
Howe Elliott, introduces us to a daughter of the late Julia Ward Howe. And if 
we desire a delightful guide to "Boston as a Shopping City" we can hardly look 
for one more competent, at least in grace and vivacity of words, to make even 
men realize that there may be pleasure in shopping, than Miss Heloise E. Hersey, 
whose name is eminent both in educational and literary circles. It is only natural 
that the book should culminate in "An Historic Corner," namely, Tremont Street 
and Temple Place, where since 1886 the business of R. H. Stearns and Com- 
pany has been located, and where in 1008 the present modern building was 

J. F. Gentjng. 


Criticism. By W. C. Brownell. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 

" Criticism itself is much criticized, — which logically establishes its title." 
This is the striking and aggressive beginning of Mr. Brownell's Apology for his 
creed and profession, an addiess delivered before the American Academy of Arts 
and Letters, here set forth for the public in a little book whose grace and attrac- 
tiveness scarcely hint at the solid treasure its covers contain. No one would 
have expected Mr. Brownell to take such an opportunity lightly; but this is not 
only a serious and thoughtful essay, it is a very notable contribution to the peren- 
nial discussion of the nature, the field, and function of criticism. 

Conscious, as his opening words suggest, that these are days when the actual 
products of criticism are mostly of very slight value, and when all the ancient 
batteries are being brought to bear upon the citadels of critical theory, the writer 
nevertheless reasserts, with exceptional logic and lucidity, that criticism is a special 

142 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

province of literature, with a value, a function, and a technic of its own. He re- 
plies vigorously and with damaging effect to the various assaults upon this posi- 
tion: to the claim that the practitioner of any art is the only proper critic of his 
order of practice, that "only artists should write about art"; to the claim that 
the only criterion for judgment is taste, refined, fastidious but individual — " im- 
pressionism"; and to the opposite claim for the authority of academic or classic 
prescription — what has pleased our professors or our great-grandfathers. 

Stated positively, the teaching of Mr. Brownell may be summarized thus: The 
function of criticism is to discern and characterize the abstract qualities informing 
the concrete expression of the artist, the personality, the mind, behind the work of 
art. The equipment of the critic must be not only a knowledge of art and let- 
ters, but a knowledge and a philosophy of life as well. The true criterion of 
criticism is only to be found in reason, in the rationalizing of taste. And the proper 
practice of criticism — the statement is long, but cannot well be condensed — 
"involves the initial establishment of some central conception of the subject, 
gained from specific study illuminated by a general culture, followed by an analy- 
sis of detail confirming or modifying this, and concluding with a sjnthetic pres- 
entation of a physiognomy whose features are as distinct as the whole they com- 
pose — the whole process interpenetrated by an estimate of value based on the 
standard of reason, judging the subject freely after the laws of the latter's own 
projection, and not by its responsiveness to either individual wliim or formu- 
lated prescription." 

Within the narrow space of eighty-five short pages, Mr. Brownell has made 
what I have called a notable contribution to the discussion of critical theory. It 
is notable, not because of its new ideas, but because of the masterly ability with 
which he had made his limitations a means of success, and presented the claims 
of criticism to a place as an independent art in a way which forces brevity to be- 
come the servant of cogency. The theoretical essay will add to the conviction 
already produced by Mr. Brownell's practice of his art that to him must be awarded 
the primacy among American critics. 



The Little Gentleman Across the Road. Prentice Abbot. Boston: 
Richard G. Badger. 

The interest attaching to a young man's first literary venture lies less, perhaps, 
in the power or convincingness of the story than in the revelation it afi'ords, the 
mental photograph it gives, of the writer himself. It is, whether he would have 
it so or not, a kind of window through which we can see the ideas and sentiments 
with which his soul is most at home. Of the story before us the whole tissue of 
motive and sentiment is eminently pure and wholesome. The author's mind is 
at home with the claims of love and nobility of soul and unselfishness; is sensi- 
tive to the false pride which wherever it invades destroys harmony and peace. 
The life of the Little Gentleman Across the Road puts this native tissue of feeling 
into expression. His tragic experience of conjugal estrangement has almost shat- 
tered his practical intellect, so people doubt if he is "all there," but from it his 

The Book Table 143 

spirit has drawn a childlike "love of love" which enables him to be the savior 
of the young pair who fall in danger of an estrangement similar in motive to his 
own. It is a pure and ennobling idea gracefully wrought out. 

The style and movement of the story are characterized rather by fineness and 
delicacy than force; it is pervaded by a certain childlikeness, as if none of the char- 
acters had reached responsible age; one closes the book with a feeling of dainti- 
ness as if one had been handling Dresden china. 

The book gives one the impression not so much of a novel as of a somewhat 
extended short story. The motivation is not carried deeply enough for the fiber 
of a novel. The part relating to the sewing circle and to the neighbors in general 
is not really organic; nothing comes of it; it reads as if it were introduced to give 
body to the story rather than to be structural. A like thing may be said of Bertha 
Darrell, who is several times introduced as if she were to contribute some im- 
portant element to the plot, and then disappears leaving no trace on its move- 
ment. Yet the details, in themselves considered, are carefully studied; it is like 
getting the mastery of literary tools and processes; and indeed the whole book 
may be regarded as a pleasant study for a novel by one in whom experience of 
life has not yet ploughed very deep furrows, but whose ideals are clean and noble. 

J. F. Genung. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

flDfticial ant! pergonal 


The autumn meeting of the Trus- 
tees of Amherst College was held at the 
Kimball House in Springfield, on No- 
vember 12, there being present Messrs. 
Plimpton, Meiklejohn, Walker, Ward, 
James, Patton, Robbins, Rounds, Gil- 
lett, Williams, W^oods, Stone, and Hall. 
The annual election of officers and 
committees resulted in the choice of 
Mr. Plimpton as President, and Mr. 
Walker as Secretary. The Committee 
on Finance, will be composed, for the 
next year, of Messrs. Simpson, Pratt, 
and James; that on Instruction, of 
Messrs. Walker, Ward, Williams, and 
Rounds; the Committee on Buildings 
and Grounds, of Messrs. Patton, Gil- 
lett. Woods, and Hall; and the Com- 
mittee on Honorary Degrees of Messrs. 
Stone, Allen, Robbins, and Williams. 

At the autumn meeting, the report 
of the Treasurer for the year is one of 
the important objects for considera- 
tion. That report will be speedily 
given to the Alumni in printed form. 

Announcement was made that a 
replica of the statue of Henry Ward 
Beecher, now standing in Brooklyn, 
was ready for erection on the College 
grounds, and its site was referred, 
with power, to the Committee on 
Buildings and Grounds in consultation 
with Mr. William R. Mead, class of 
1867, of the firm of McKim, Mead & 
White. The question of a possible re- 
opening of the College Commons 
was also referred to the Committee 
on Buildings and Grounds with the 
suggestion that it would be well to 

consult with the Alumni Council 
and gain its judgment regarding this 

Announcement was made that the 
Alumni of Boston were proposing to 
establish a local scholarship of $200 
for the encouragement of students from 
that region, and the policy of a general 
establishment of such scholarships was 
referred to the Committee on Instruc- 
tion in consultation with the Alumni 
Council. The Board authorized the 
Treasurer of the College to receive and 
care for the Fund raised by the Alumni 
Fund Committee, on terms suggested 
by the Executive Committee of the 
Alumni Council. At the suggestion 
of the class of 1893, which has long 
shown its loyalty and interest in the 
physical development of the College 
and the adornment of its grounds, the 
Trustees authorized the appointment 
of an honorary permanent Commis- 
sion of Fine Arts, including an archi- 
tect, a landscape gardener, a painter, 
and a sculptor, as well as a member of 
the class of 1893, which Commission 
shall advise regarding the general plan 
of development of the grounds of the 
College, the plans and locations of 
all structures proposed to be erected 
on the Campus, and the reception of 
any work of art offered to the College. 

Mr. William R. Mead, class of 1867, 
was appointed Chairman of this Com- 
misson, and requested to suggest its 
other members. The President of 
the College was requested to investi- 
gate and report to the Board regarding 

Official and Personal 145 

the existing means of self-help for effect in the academic year 1915-16. 
needy students in the College, and any Professors Cowles and Doughty 

suggestions for their improvement. were appointed members of the Li- 

The question of reducing the length brary Committee for the next three 

of the spring vacation, and of placing years. 

Commencement one week earlier than The spring meeting of the Board 

at present, was referred to the Faculty was appointed for Thursday, May 6, 

with power, the understanding being 1915, in Amherst, beginning at 9 a. m. 
that it was too late to make any change 

that could go into effect this current Williston Walker. 

academic year. oecretary. 

Prof. Arthur H. Baxter was voted 
a sabbatical year of absence, to take 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


Next February and March will 
occur two events of interest to every 
Amherst man, — the western trip of 
President Meiklejohn and the annual 
meeting and dinner of the Alumni 

"How to bring our western 
Alumni into closer relation with the 
College" and "How to relate the Col- 
lege more directly to western thought 
and institutions," have been questions 
under consideration by the Executive 
Committee of the Council this fall. It 
was felt that the first step should be 
for President Meiklejohn to visit the 
far West, meet our western alumni and 
their friends, and tell them of the 
Amherst he is directing and his aims 
and ambitions for it. At a recent 
meeting of the Committee it was ac- 
cordingly voted that in the opinion of 
the Committee "It is advisable for 
President Meiklejohn to make a trip 
to the Pacific Coast as soon as he con- 
veniently can," and that "If he decides 
to make this trip during the present 
college year and it is agreeable to him, 
the Secretary of the Council be au- 
thorized to accompany him." In 
response to this communication. Pres- 
ident Meiklejohn replied that he would 
glady make such a trip if the Com- 
mittee felt it advisable for him to do 
so, and suggested March, 1915, as a 
convenient time for him to go. 

The plan of organization of the 
Council provides for an annual meet- 
ing and dinner to be held each year 
in a different city. It was felt that 
once a year Alumni from all parts 
of the country would enjoy coming 

together to consider how Amherst 
might the better do its work as a col- 
lege of liberal training. 

The meeting for 1915 will be held 
in New York City at Hotel Biltmore 
on Wednesday, February 24, 1915. 
The morning session will begin at 
half past nine o'clock. The Com- 
mittees which have been at work this 
fall — Finance and Alumni Fund, 
Publicity, Secondary Schools, Ath- 
letics, and Publication, will make 
their reports and then various import- 
ant matters affecting the welfare of the 
College will be considered. In the 
afternoon President Meiklejohn will 
talk informally and intimately of 
the work of the College and of his 
aims and hopes for the future. These 
meetings of the Council will be open 
to Alumni who are not Council mem- 
bers. At four o'clock at the 
conclusion of the afternoon meeting 
of the Council a reception will 
be tendered to President and Mrs. 
Meiklejohn, President and Mrs. Good- 
now, and Governor and Mrs. Whit- 

The annual dinner of the Council 
will be held on the evening of Febru- 
ary 24, 1915, in conjunction with the 
annual dinner of the Amherst Asso- 
ciation of New York. The speakers 
will be President Meiklejohn, Presi- 
dent Frank J. Goodnow, '79, of Johns 
Hopkins University, Governor-elect 
Charles S. Whitman, '90, and Hon. 
Robert Lansing, *86, Counselor to 
the State Department. The price 
of the dinner will be three dol- 
lars per plate. Plans are being made 

The Alumni Council 


to make this dinner one of the most 
notable gatherings of Amherst men 
ever brought together. A committee 
of fifty, twenty-five from the Alumni 
Council and twenty-five from the 
Association of New York has the mat- 
ter in charge, and it is hoped that one 
thousand Amherst men will gather to 
do honor to their College. 

The Alumni Headquarters through- 
out the Council meetings will be at 
the new Hotel Biltmore, which is 
located at the corner of Madison 
Avenue and 43d Street, just west of 
the Grand Central Terminal. 

The Chicago Association. — The 
second annual Williams-Amherst din- 
ner Avas held at the University Club 
on November 13th, over eighty being 
present. Rev. John T. Stone spoke 
for the Amherst Association. 

The Association of Central New 
York. — The sixteenth annual dinner 
of the Central New York Amherst 

Association was held at the Yates 
Hotel, Syracuse, N. Y. Tuesday 
evening, December 29th. Twenty- 
seven men sat down to the dinner. A 
report was received from the committee 
in charge of the establishment of Am- 
herst debating trophies in the Bing- 
hamton and Elmira high schools and 
in the high schools of Syracuse. Suc- 
cessful debates have been held for 
the past three years in these schools, 
resulting in valuable advertising for 
the College. The principal address of 
the evening was given by Prof. John 
F. Genung. An appropriation from 
the treasury was made to send the 
Amherft Monthly to the larger second- 
ary schools in central New York. 

The following officers were elected: 
President, L. Dudley Wilcox, '99, 
Fulton, N. Y.; secretary, Halsey M. 
Collins, '96, Cortland, N. Y.; repre- 
sentative on Alumni Council, Edwin 
Du£fey, '90, Cortland, N. Y. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



Rev. Charles H. Gates, one of the 
oldest living graduates of Amherst Col- 
lege, died at the home of his daughter 
in Auburndale Saturday, December 
12th. Dr. Gates was born at Wilbraham 
in 1824. After graduation from Amherst 
he studied for the ministry at Andover 
Theological Seminary, graduating in 
1850. He then became a missionary 
pastor in Iowa, where he remained for 
sixteen years. Dr. Gates returned to 
the East in 1869 and filled several pas- 
torates in Maine and Connecticut, 
only retiring in 1907 at the age of eighty- 
three. After his retirement he made 
his home in North Wilbraham. 


Rev. Sidney K. Perkins, one of the 
oldest Congregational ministers in 
New England, died October 10, 1914, at 
the age of eighty-four, at the Dewing 
Memorial in Revere, Mass., where he 
had made his home since his retirement 
from the pulpit six years ago. He was 
born in Braintree, Mass., the son of 
Rev. Jonas Perkins, who was pastor 
of the Union Congregational Church 
of that town for forty-five years. In 
1854 he graduated from the Bangor 
Theological Seminary. Mr. Perkins' 
first church was at Glover, Vt., where 
he remained eighteen years. He re- 
tired from the ministry at Perry, Me. 
He is survived by one son. Rev. Henry 
M. Perkins, and a daughter Mrs. Charles 
G. Shepard of East Braintree. 

Through Rev. C. H. Holloway, of 
Philadelphia, we receive from his class- 
mate, J. F. Clarke, D.D., of Sofia, Bul- 

garia, a newspaper in the Bulgarian 
language. We cannot read a word of it, 
but we read underneath the love and 
loyalty for Amherst, which needs no 
translation, from a son of Amherst so 
old that we revere him and his class- 
mates as Amherst's fathers. We are 
glad to receive this token. 


Following an illness of ten days, 
William F. Bradbury, president of the 
Handel and Haydn Society of Cam- 
bridge, and President-Emeritus of the 
Cambridge Latin High School Associ- 
ation, died October 22d, at his home in 
Cambridge, Mass. He was eighty- 
five years old. Death was due to stom- 
ach troubles and complications. Until 
recently he had not been ill enough to 
require the services of a physician for a 
period of sixty years. He was born in 
Westminister, Mass. After graduating 
from Amherst as valedictorian of his 
class, he went to Cambridge and be- 
came teacher in the high school. Later 
he became piincipal. He retired from 
this position three years ago. During 
the fifty-five years he was connected 
with the school he was absent from his 
duties on but one day. On that oc- 
casion he was stranded in Charlestown 
by a big snow storm and could secure 
no conveyance to take him to his pu- 
pils. He served two years as a member 
of the Cambridge city council. In 
1864 Mr. Bradbury joined the Handel 
and Haydn Society. He seldom missed 
a rehearsal and often in the old days 
walked many miles to be present. He 
was at one time librarian of the Society 
and for ten years its secretary, prior to 

The C l 



becoming president. Mr. Bradbury 
met many of the world's best singers 
during his associations with the Society. 
He recently said that he would ad- 
vise everyone who had any musical 
ability to join some musical organi- 
zation. In addition to believing that 
music helped to prolong his life he also 
believed that his exceptional health 
was due partly to the fact that he 
never used tobacco. 

Mr. Bradbury came of fine old New 
Hamphire stock. His father was Dr. 
William S. Bradbury of HoUis, N. H., 
and his great-grandfather was the Rev. 
Joseph Emerson, first minister of the 
same town. He was the author of 
many textbooks on mathematics now 
being used in the public schools. He 
is survived by his wife, two daughters. 
Miss Margaret S., a teacher in the 
Cambridge High School, and Marion, 
wife of William B. Hovey, a member of 
the Paine Fm-niture Company. He 
also leaves a son, William H. Bradbury. 

Rev. Samuel B. Shehrill, Secretary 
415 Humphrey Street, New Haven, 


A Class Reunion. — On October 
20th the class met at the house of Mr. 
and Mrs. John W\ Todd, of Summit, 
N. J. Mrs. Todd is a daughter of Rev. 
William L. Bray of '58. There were 
present: Rev. James B. Beaumont, 
Rev. William L. Bray, Rev. Joseph B. 
Clark, D.D., Henry S. Jewett, M.D., 
and Rev. Samuel B. Sherrill. There 
was only one other member whom we 
had any reason to expect on so short 
notice. Rev. John Whitehill, who has 
passed his eighty-first birthday, pas- 
tor of Oldtown, Mass., where he has 
been nearly fifty years; but he was too 
busy to get away. The guests of the 

class were Mrs. Bray, Mrs. Clark, Mrs. 
Jewett, Miss Lucy Morris, a niece of 
Mr. Beaumont, and Miss INIary Gard- 
ner, daughter of Rev. Edward P. Gard- 
ner, D.D., of '58. President Meiklejohn 
sent greetings to the class, to which the 
class replied, expressing loyalty to Am- 
herst and her president. A banquet 
followed the business meeting, occupy- 
ing the class and their guests for near- 
ly two hoxirs. It is needless to add 
that this was the most unique and in- 
teresting meeting that any Amherst 
class ever held, and nothing occurred 
to which even President Hitchcock 
would in the least have objected. 


Charles Bradford Travis, seventy- 
three years of age, of 51 Chestnut Hill 
Avenue, Brighton, died Sunday Novem- 
ber 8, 1914, at his home. He was for 
forty-three years a teacher at the Eng- 
lish High School, until his retirement 
two years ago. Among his students 
were many men well known in city, 
state and national life as well as others 
who have made a name in professional 
and business life. In his long service 
he had taught the sons and grandsons 
of some of his early pupils. 

Born in Holliston September 7, 1841, 
he attended the district school, and the 
Holliston High School. Diu-ing his 
college course he taught winter schools 
in Ware and Holliston, his success in 
this work winning for him a State 
scholarship. After his graduation he 
was appointed principal of the Ware 
High School. He was then only 
twenty-three years old and had the dis- 
tinction of being the youngest public 
school principal in the state. 

Mr. Travis was later made princi- 
pal of the Quincy High School and held 
that position three years. ^^^liIe at 
Quincy he had offers from Chicago and 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Washington, but he declined these, as 
he had all along intended to enter the 
law; and he secured certificates which 
would have admitted him to the Suffolk 
bar, but he never practised law. 

In 1869 he was appointed a teacher 
in the Boston English High School, 
also an instructor in the Central Even- 
ing School. When he began work 
there the registration was about two 
hundred pupils, and upon his retire- 
ment two years ago there were 1850 
pupils. In all his forty-three years of 
service Mr. Travis had only one leave 
of absence, which was in 1906. Men- 
tally and physically he was an exceed- 
ingly capable man, even at seventy- 
three, and no man who ever served in 
the public schools of the city was better 
known than he, or better liked. Mr. 
Travis had lived in Brighton since 1870. 
He was a member of the Massachusetts 
Teachers' Association, a life member 
of the Massachusetts Horticultural vSo- 
ciety, a life member of the Massachu- 
setts Home Missionary Society and a 
member of Beta Chapter of Phi Beta 
Kappa. He had served as secretary 
of his college class. He was for a quar- 
ter of a century a deacon in the Brigh- 
ton Congregational Church and retired 
from that position about a year ago. 


Herbert L. Bridgman, Secretary 
604 Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The American Museum Journal for 
October-November contained a re- 
view by Herbert L. Bridgman of 
Stefansson's book "My Life with the 

The Houghton Mifflin Co. recently 
published a volume by ex-President 
George Harris, entitled "A Century's 
Change in Religion." The book is 
reviewed on another page. 


Ending a career that has brought 
him recognition as a diplomat and fame 
as an author of several books on life and 
conditions in India, Henry Ballantine, 
sixty-five years old, once United States 
consul at Bombay, India, died at 
Seattle, October 30, 1914. Although 
reputed to have been quite wealthy 
at one time, Mr. Ballantine died in 
poverty. Mr. Ballantine went to 
Seattle five months ago with the in- 
tention of entering the export and 
import business there, but was unsuc- 
cessful in this and other plans. Born 
in India, the son of a missionary, he was 
accounted an authority on conditions 
in the Far East. He was appointed 
by President Cleveland to the consul- 
ship at Bombay, which position he held 
tlu-ough the first Cleveland adminis- 
tration and during a part of the admin- 
istration of President Harrison. In 
1896, after successfully managing the 
affairs of the Indian exhibit at the 
world's fair in Chicago, he was offered 
the United States consulship at Alex- 
andretta, where the Turks were at that 
time persecuting the Armenians, but 
declined the position. For several 
years he was adjuster of personal ac- 
cident claims for the Fidelity and Cas- 
ualty Company of New York, leaving 
the position to make a trip through 
Egypt and Africa as agent for the 
United States Steel Corporation. He 
subsequently conducted a private busi- 
ness with oflSces at Bombay, Calcutta, 
and other cities in India. Mr. Ballan- 
tine was educated at Amherst College 
and Harvard Universitj', obtaining the 
degree of doctor of medicine from the 
latter institution. Two of his books, 
"Midnight Marches Through Persia" 
and "On the Frontier in India," are 
notable works that brought him fame as 
a writer and authority on conditions in 

The Classes 


India. He was also a linguist of abil- 
ity and spoke many Indian dialects. 
In the latest address list of Amherst 
College Mr. Ballantine was registered 
"Address unknown." 


William R. Brown, Secretary 
79 Park Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

The following, quoted from The Book 
Buyer for November, 1914, relates 
to "The Religion of Israel," by Henry 
Preserved Smith: 

"Upon the results fairly well estab- 
lished by the higher criticism of the 
Old Testament, it is now possible to 
rear such a superstructure as that pre- 
sented by Dr. Smith in his 'History of 
the Religion of Israel. ' The work 
traces the growth of religious ideas from 
their earliest historic appearance 
among the nomadic ancestors of the 
Hebrew race throughout the Mosaic 
period and the settlement in Canaan. 

"It then follows their remarkable ex- 
pansion as seen in the writings of the 
early prophets and their practical sub- 
mergence in the post-exilic rise and 
triumph of legalism. A very consider- 
able space is given to a consideration 
of the varying aspects of the Messianic 
Hope. The closing chapter surveys 
the religious movements that marked 
the two centuries preceding the Chris- 
tian era, as reflected in the apocalyptic 
and apocryphal literature. The book 
interprets the Old Testament in the 
light of those successive stages through 
which Israel's faith rose, from a crude 
tribal cult into an ethical and spiritual 
monotheism that fitted it to become 
a preparation for the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. To see how these religious 
ideas arose in connection with the his- 
tory of the chosen people gives them 
a new and living interest." 


Prof. Herbert G. Lord, Secretary 
623 West 113th Street, New York, 
N. Y. 
A book on " Criticism " by William 
C. Brownell, L. H. D., is reviewed on 
another page. 

Rev. C. L. Tomblen of Montague, 
Mass., has reconsidered his resignation 
which he recently offered. 


Rev. Albert H. Thompson, Secretary 

Raymond, N. H. 

Prof. John B. Clark has recently 
spoken at Hamilton College in the 
Myers lecture course. His subject 
was "The Economic Aspects of the 

The Commercial and Financial 
Chronicle of November 28th contained 
an article by Prof. John B. Clark on 
"The Remote Effects of the Panama 

In the Constantinople College As- 
sociation, newly organized " to develop 
active interest and support in the work 
of the college," one of the organizers 
is Prof. John Bates Clark of Columbia 
University. The Association held its 
first meeting, November 18th, 


EuHu G. LooMis, Secretary 
Bedford, Mass. 

Frederick H. Gillett was in Novem- 
ber re-elected to Congress from the 
Second Massachusetts District. 

Prof. Levi H. Elwell, Secretary 
5 Lincoln Avenue, Amherst, Mass. 

Chaplain I. H. B. Headley, Major 
in the Coast Artillery of the U. S. Army, 
died October 29th, at the Walter Reed 
Military hospital, Washington, D. C, 
after a severe illness lasting since June. 
He was born in Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 23, 18.52, the son of the Rev. P. C. 
Headley, the historian. Chaplain Head- 
ley was educated in the public schools 
and at Phillips Andover and after 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

graduating from Amherst he took the 
course at Andover Theological semi- 
nary. He was appointed as Chaplain 
in the United States army, with rank 
of captain, May, 1896. At that time 
he was living in Boston. For five 
years he served on the frontier of North 
Dakota, and during the Spanish Ameri- 
can war he was at Fort Yates in that 
state. In 1901 he was assigned to the 
Artillery Corps and later with the 14th 
Infantry was sent to the Philippine 
Islands, vvhei-e he served both in Min- 
danao and at Manilla. Reassigned 
to the Artillery Corps in 190.7, he was 
stationed for five years at Fort Han- 
cock, Sandy Hook, N. J., and a year 
ago was transferred to Fort Howard, 
Baltimore, Md. Since then Major 
Headley has been stationed at Fort 
Totten, on Long Island. A misstep 
due to his glasses gave him a fall from 
which he was made unconscious. He 
seemed recovered in a few weeks but 
several months afterwards alarming 
symptoms set in, resulting fatally. 
He served in many posts to the satis- 
faction of the commanding officer and 
the men and as chaplain in the service 
was able to interest the soldiers by 
plenty of variety in his work, using 
music and lantern slides and a phono- 
graph to make the assemblies cheerful 
and attractive. He was a high Mason, 
being a Shriner. His death came 
suddenly at the last. He loved the 
army and the work and was a whole- 
souled, genial, human being, full of 
life and good cheer. 

Rev. Arthur F. Skeele, recently of 
Olivet, Mich., has accepted a call to 
the Congregational church at Mon- 
rovia, Cal. 

The American Journal of Science 
for December contained an article by 
Prof. David P. Todd descriptive of 

the recent Amherst Eclipse Expedition 
to Russia. 


WiLiJAM M. DucKER, Secretary 
277 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

The New York Erening Su7i of 
November 30th contained an illus- 
trated article concerning the prominent 
part that the Village of Genesee, N. Y. 
and the Genesee Valley has played in 
the history of American Baseball. 
The article contained this reference 
to the well-known pitcher and captain 
of one of the early Amherst nines: 

"Genesee has been full of baseball 
from the earliest stages of the game. 
It has been played long before John B. 
Stanchfield, fresh from Amherst gradu- 
ation, came up in the middle '70's to 
show the natives the first real curved 
ball, on the village ball grounds." 

Mr. Stanchfield is one of the most 
prominent lawyers in New York State. 
He is head of the firm of Stanchfield 
& Levy at 11 Pine Street, New York, 
and of the firm of Stanchfield, Lovell, 
Falck & Sayles at Elmira, N. Y. 

Prof. Frank S. Hoft'man, of Union 
College, who has been very active in 
plans for municipal improvement in 
his city, Schenectady, is also the lead- 
ing .spirit in a "New York State Con- 
ference for Better County Govern- 
ment," which is taking note of the 
little investigated county government 
of the state, in which "shameful scan- 
dals of crudest and boldest graft and 
ludicrous inefficiency have been 
disclosed." The opening session of 
a conference for the discussion of the 
question, "What can be done about 
it?" by representatives from various 
parts of the state, Avith Professor Hoff- 
man as chairman, was held in the Col- 
lege Chapel on November 13, 1914. 

The Classes 


Two sessions were held on the follow- 
ing day, and a systematic plan of cam- 
paign for better county government 
was outlined by Professor Hoffman. 

George A. Plimpton is one of the 
group who are organizing a national 
anti-armament association. 

Rev. D. M. Pratt, formerly of the 
Walnut Hills Church, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
has accepted a call to the Congrega- 
tional Church at Housatonic. 

Rev. Alfred DeW. Mason, Secretary 
222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The following letter has recently 
been sent to the members of the class, 
by the secretary: 

"For nearly a year we have as a 
class been privileged to remain unvisi- 
ted by death. The last one to pass 
from our ranks was Macleod who died 
on November 2, 1913. Almost pre- 
cisely a year later, October 29, 1914, 
Charles Francis Adams. — 'C. F.' was 
called to lay down his earthly work. 
Adams has never met with us in any 
of our class reunions from the day of 
our graduation until two years ago, 
when at our Thirty-fifth Anniversary 
(June 1912), we were surprised and 
delighted to greet him once more, and 
to notice how he enjoyed meeting with 
his old friends. During almost all of 
these years he has been a teacher in the 
Central High School of Detroit, Mich., 
rising from grade to grade until he be- 
came the head of the department of 
physics, respected and honored through- 
out all the social and educational circles 
of his friends and co-workers. 

"I have no details as yet of the 
cause of his death save the meager in- 
formation of a newspaper clipping (De- 
troit Tribune November 1, 1914,) 
which speaks of his having failed to 
rally from an operation. The same 
item says: 'Mr. Adams was a graduate 
of Amherst and was the author of a 
number of textbooks, two of which are 
now in use by the high schools of Mich- 
igan. He was a member of Zion Lodge 

F. and A. M., and of the American 
Academy of Science, an officer of the 
Schoolmasters' Club and Chairman of 
the Physics Section of the Central As- 
sociation of Science and Mathematics 
Teachers.' He was the president of 
the Amherst Alumni Association of 

"Adams was born April 21, 1854 
in Pike, N. Y. He leaves a widow 
and one child, a daughter, Dorothy, who 
is a graduate of the Central High School 
in which her father taught, and ot the 
University of Michigan. 

"We will all regret to learn of the 
death of our classmate, earnest, intel- 
ligent, true, and useful in so many rela- 
tions of life, and will be inspired by 
his memory to do what yet is possible 
for each of us to do of good in our day 
and generation." 

William H. Deady, for many years 
a lawyer in New York, died on Wednes- 
day, December 9th, in that city. Mr. 
Deady, the son of Timothy C. and 
Julia Deady was born in Boston on 
January, 4, 1854. When he was 
quite young his parents moved to Am- 
herst, and he prepared for college at 
the Amherst High School. In 1873 he 
entered Amherst College and remained 
for three years but did not take 
the Senior year. After leaving Col- 
lege he studied at Columbia Law School 
for three years, where he was gradua- 
ted in 1879. 

"Our Widening Thought of God," 
by Rev. Charles S. Nash, president of 
the Pacific Theological Seminary, has 
recently been published. 


H. D. Gardner, Secretary 

23 Crafts Avenue, Northampton, ]\Iass. 

King George V has bestowed on 
Marcus B. Carleton, M.D., of Sabathu 
Punjab, India, the Order of Kaiser-i- 
Hind of the First Class for "distin- 
guished services for the benefit of 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Charles H. Fuller was a candidate 
at the November elections for delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 
the State of New York. Though en- 
dorsed by many of the best men of his 
district and by a clean and honorable 
political and professional record, he 
failed to stem the strong tide of the 
Republican opposition. 

Rev. Frederick A. Holden is now 
living at New Haven, Vt., and is in ill 

Charles H. Moore had a two column 
article in the Washirhjfon Sun for Octo- 
ber 23d on "Missionary Work in the 

George N. Whipple was recently 
seriously ill for several weeks, but has 
now recovered and is back again with 
"The Players" at 162 Tremont Street, 

Henry P. Field, Secretary 
Northampton, Mass. 

Banta, A. F. Bemis and Warren 
have sons at Amherst. 

Frank W. Blair is now with Fitz- 
gerald, Hubbard & Company, stock 
brokers, 95 Milk St., Boston. 

More than ordinary interest attaches 
to the installation, October 21, 1914 
of Rev. John DePeu as minister of Old 
First Church at Williamstown. This 
is a church with a history, and 1915 
will mark the 150th year of its exist- 
ence. The recent dedication of its 
beautiful edifice, reproducing the best 
in New England church architecture, 
was followed by the installation of its 
twenty-second pastor. Mr. DePeu grad- 
uated from Union Theological Seminary 
in 1883. He was ordained by the 
Binghamton, N. Y. Presbytery. His 
first long pastorate was in Norfolk, 

Conn., where he remained twelve 
years, only to remove to Bridgeport 
for a longer service of fifteen years. In 
Connecticut Mr. DePeu was for over 
twenty years a director of the State 
Missionary Society, on the executive 
board of the Home Missionary Society, 
a corporate member of the American 
Board and chaplain of the State Soci- 
ety Sons of the American Revolution. 
Coming to Williamstown as supply 
during the illness of Rev. Percy Mar- 
tin, Mr. DePeu won his way into the 
hearts of the congregation by his con- 
siderate and tactful attitude, his prac- 
tical methods, and his splendid sermons. 
When Mr. Martin resigned, Mr. DePeu 
was his logical successor. Williamstown 
First has always demanded much from 
its ministers, and they have responded 
nobly. It is entering upon a new 
period in its history, with a new meet- 
ing house and a minister who is alive 
to the needs of his congregation and of 
the community in which he labors. 

Rev. John DePeu preached the 
sermon at the Union Thanksgiving 
service at Williamstown, Mass., at- 
tended by President Wilson. 

The Boston Globe of December 17th 
contained an account of a compli- 
mentary dinner to Henry P. Field, be- 
ginning as follows: 

Praise for Henry P. Field of North- 
ampton and for his years of devotion 
to the interests of the Republican State 
Committee, of which he was a member 
from 1905 until this year, formed the 
keynote of the complimentary dinner 
tendered to him at Young's Hotel last 
evening by those formerly his asso- 
ciates upon the committee during that 
period. Mr. Field had been chairman 
of its executive committee since 1907. 

Charles E. Hatfield, ex-chairman of 
the committee, acted as toastmaster, 
presenting to Mr. Field, in the name 

The Classes 


of his old associates, a diamond stick- 
pin. Mr. Hatfield declared that no 
member of the Republican State Com- 
mittee had ever gone at his work with 
higher ideals than Mr. Field, and that 
his unselfish service to the Republican 
cause deserves the respect and honor 
of all his associates. 

Prof. Arthur L. Gillett spent the 
summer in Alaska with his family. 

Miss Frances Goodrich, daughter 
of Henry W. Goodrich, is a member 
of the Northampton Players, a stock 
company located at Northampton, 
Mass. She is a graduate of Vassar 


John P. Cushing, Secretary 
New Haven, Conn. 
The European situation has brought 
into unpleasant prominence the affairs 
of the American College at Beirut. 
The press reports have stated that the 
Turks demanded a payment of $'20,- 
000. of the President, Howard S. Bliss, 
and that his offer of $5,000 was declined. 

Dr. John B. Walker, Secretary 
33 East 33d Street, New York, N. Y. 
President Rush Rhees was in 
November elected a member of the 
coming Constitutional Convention of 
New York State. 

WiLi^RD H. Wheeler, Esq., Secretary 
2 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y. 
The Political Science Quarterly for 
September contained an article by 
Prof. W. F. Willcox on "The Ameri- 
can Census Office." 


Frank E. Whitman, Secretary 

411 West 114th Street, New York, 

N. Y. 
In the November number of Recrea- 
tion, Edward Breck has a racy illus- 
trated article on "The 'Sporty' Med- 

way." Here is how he justifies the 
name he gives to that river: 

"The Medway River of Nova 
Scotia, or, as the Bluenoses commonly 
call it, the Port Medway, is a sporty 
river. . . . 

"And why is the Medway sporty? 
Because it is difficult of access and still 
more so to navigate; because there is 
no semblance of civilization along the 
whole route if we overlook ancient 
lumber roads and here and there a for- 
gotten stack of meadow-hay; because 
its course is strewn with boulders and 
barred by a hundred rapids; because 
it is full of trout and flows through a 
region that abounds in small and big 
game; because it is somewhat moun- 
tainous in character and offers an ever- 
changing series of entrancing pictures 
to the lover of landscape; and because 
the number of parties that navigate it 
average fewer than two per year. And 
why, again, is this last the fact.' Be- 
cause there is no railway to exploit it; 
there are no 'camps' to send out allur- 
ing descriptions of life within their 
four stuffy, log walls. Along the ISIed- 
way you will sleep under canvas, or 
you will build brush-shanties, or you 
will repose out under the stars, but 
you will see no vestige of man and very 
likely no man himself until you near 
the settlement at the end of your trip." 

Jeremiah B. Rex, former chief clerk 
of the State^^House of Representatives 
and for many years secretary of the 
Republican State Committee, died at 
the Harrisburg Hospital, September 
30th, of_^^apoplexy. - jHe -^was widely 
known because of his political activity 
in the nineties. 

Mr. Rex came from Huntingdon, 
where he was a member of the bar and 
after his retirement from legislative 
office went to Colorado. For the last ten 
years he had been connected with the 
Harrisburg offices of the supreme and 
superior courts. He was fifty-six years 
old. A member for part of his course 
of '85, he was a non-graduate, and his 
address had been for some time 
unknown to the college. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The installation of Rev. F. B. Rich- 
ards over the North Congregational 
Church, St. Johnsbury, Vt., occurred 
on November 3d. 

Rev. Sherrod Soule, of Hartford, 
superintendent of the Missionary so- 
ciety of Connecticut, will become pastor 
of the First Congregational Church of 
Danbury, on February 1st. Before 
going to Hartford, Mr. Soule was pas- 
tor of the Naugatuck Congregational 

Charles F. Marble, Secretary 

4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. Allen E. Cross accepted the 
call extended to him by the Congre- 
gational Church at Milford, Mass., and 
began work there on October 1st. 

Capt. William G. Fitch, the father 
of Clyde Fitch, who with Mrs. Fitch 
presented the portrait of their distin- 
guished son to Amherst College, died 
October 27, 1914, at his late residence, 
113 East 40th Street. New York. 

Clay H. Hollister has been elected 
a director of the Grand Rapids and 
Indiana Railway. 

The Congregationalist for December 
10th contained an article by Bruce 
F. Barton. 1907, entitled "As the Chil- 
dren of this Generation," dealing with 
the work of Rev. George F. Kenngott. 

Mr. Barton praises Dr. Kenngott 
very highly, speaking of him as a man 
of keen foresight and much initiative. 

Dr. Kenngott is secretary of the Los 
Angeles Congregational Church Ex- 
tension Society and is thought very 
highly of on account of the way he has 
brought about the co-operation of all 
the churches of Los Angeles and has 
worked for greater eflBciency in the es- 
tablishing of new churches where they 

are needed and only where they are 
are needed. As Los Angeles is grow- 
ing very rapidly this is an important 

Allen T. Treadway was in Novem- 
ber re-elected to Congress from the First 
Massachusetts District. 


Wallace M. Leonard, Secretary 

23 Forest Street, Newton Highlands, 


In Art and Archaeology for Septem- 
ber, Prof. W'arren J. Moulton has an 
illustrated article on "A Recently Dis- 
covered Painted Tomb in Palestine." 
Painted tombs are very rare in the 
Holy Land; this one was discovered 
by Professor Moulton at Beit Jibrin, 
a few hours' ride southwest from Jeru- 
salem. In the early Christian centur- 
ies Beit Jibrin was an important Chris- 
tian center, and this tomb, which is 
decorated with Christian emblems, 
probably dates from the Byzantine 

Charles B. Raymond has been elec- 
ted a trustee of Kenyon College. 

A son, John Suarez Wright, was born 
to Dr. and Mrs. John D. Wright on 
May 26th. 

Henry H. Bosworth, Secretary 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 

A large company of friends wel- 
comed Rev. W. Horace Day, D.D., 
senior pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Los Angeles, Cal., 
upon his recent return from a ten 
months' leave of absence spent in 
traveling around the world. Sub- 
sequently he was elected president 
of the Los Angeles Ministerial Union, 
representing all denominations. 

The Classes 



DiMON Roberts, Secretary 

Ypsilanti, Mich. 

Prof. Hubert L. Clark of Harvard 
University, has just returned from a 
six months' trip to Austraha under 
the auspices of the Carnegie Institu- 

Dr. William H. Downey died on 
October 1st, at Peabody, Mass. He was 
born in New Braintree, Mass. in 1872. 
In 1898 he received the degree of 
M.D. from the Harvard Medical School. 
He immediately settled in the prac- 
tice of his profession at Peabody, Mass., 
where he continued until a year before 
his death. He was a Fellow of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society, a mem- 
ber of the Peabody Medical Club, and 
of Harvard Medical and Boston City 
Hospital Alumni Associations. He is 
survived by his widow. 

Seymour Ransom is now located 
at Denver, Col. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Frederick Staples, of Southboro, 
Mass., and Miss Elizabeth Yates 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary 
Amherst, Mass. 

At their last meeting, the Trustees 
adopted the the recommendation of 
the Class of 1893 that an honorary 
permanent Commission of Fine Arts 
be created to be composed of five well 
qualified judges of the fine arts and 
one lay member, the duties of such 
commission to be to advise upon the 
general plan of development of the 
grounds of Amherst College, the plans 
and location of all structures proposed 
to be erected on the Campus and upon 
all works of art offered to the College. 

William C. Breed, as Chairman of 
the Members' Council of the Mer- 
chants' Association of New York, pre- 
sides at the monthly luncheon meeting 
of the Council. At the November 
luncheon, over sixteen hundred lead- 
ing New York business men were 

Clarence R. Hodgdon, who was ill 
at the time of the 20th Reunion, has 
recovered and is at work again. 

The first child to claim the Second 
Flight Cup was Mahlon Sistie Kem- 
merer, son of John L. Kemmerer. The 
latest claimant is Marion Kemmerer. 

The class boy, Reginald Manwell, 
was graduated last June from the Acad- 
emy at Deerfield, Mass., and hopes to 
enter Amherst next fall. The class sec- 
retary has received an interesting letter 
from the Principal of the Academy in 
regard to Reginald. He writes sub- 
stantially as follows: 

"Reginald graduated from our Acad- 
emy last June and has attained cer- 
tificate rank, but I felt he was not 
mature enough to enter college. He 
is, therefore, back in school for this year 
and we are going to have him play foot- 
ball, and get more into the social life 
of the school. I feel sure he will be 
ready for Amherst in every sense of 
the word next September. He is a 
good student, a clear thinker, and a 
good speaker. Reginald's father is 
doing a splendid work out on the hills. 
We have found him a strong force and 
can always rely on him for a fair, broad- 
minded view of any matter that arises." 

Charles D. Norton has been ap- 
pointed Chairman of the New York 
City Advisory Commission on City 
Planning. This Commission will ad- 
vise on a general plan for the beauti- 
fication of the city of New York. The 
Committee on Plan and Scope of the 
Commission consists of Charles D. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Norton (Amherst '93), Chairman, 
Frederick B. Pratt (Amherst '87), 
Edward M. Bassett (Amherst '84), 
C. Grant LaFarge, and William Bar- 
clay Parsons. Norton has been in- 
terested for years in city planning. 
He was Chairman of the Commission 
on City Plan of the City of Chicago 
which did such an important work for 
Chicago some years ago. He has long 
been familiar with the plans for the 
development of the city of Washing- 
ton and was the member of the class 
of '93 who proposed at the 10th Re- 
union that a commission be appointed 
to formulate a comprehensive plan 
for the development of the grounds 
and buildings of Amherst College. 
Such a commission was afterward ap- 
pointed and made its report to the 
President and Board of Trustees, the 
reports being illustrated by plans 
and models. The Commission con- 
sisted of William R. Mead (Amherst 
'67), Charles F. McKim, Augustus 
St. Gaudens, Daniel F. Burnham, and 
Frederick Law Olmstead. The ex- 
penses of the commission were met 
by the class of 1893. 

In the October number of Recrea- 
tion, following immediately after the 
article by Edward Breck (see under 
1885) is an article by George D. Pratt 
on "Hunting Behind Mount Robson," 
illustrated by a number of photographs. 
The trip was prompted by much the 
same zest for an unfrequented region 
and the roughing experience, as in Mr. 
Breck's article, with the addition of 
grizzlies and caribou. The opening 
of the article gives the occasion: 

"'What do you say to a hunt this 
fall up in that country near Mount 
Robson.'*' was my query to Alex Proc- 
tor, the sculptor, two summers ago. 

"'I imderstand from a guide I had 
last spring that it is a great place for 

game, and I'm with you,' was his 

"That was the preliminary to a most 
interesting trip, as it took us into a 
country where white men had never 
been and where the young buck Indians 
do not go now on account of the hard 

One of the lost has been found. 
The class historian submits the follow- 
ing data to be added to the class record . 
Ernest August Schimmler. Born in 
Hanover, Germany, March 22, 1870, 
of George L. and Louise (Holekamp) 
Schimmler. Fitted at Phillips Acad- 
emy, Exeter, N. H. Unmarried. 
Now instructor in French and German 
at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. 
Address, Carlisle, Pa. Schimmler left 
Amherst at the end of Junior year 
and after spending a summer in 
Europe, entered the Senior class of 
Dartmouth, graduating there in the 
class of 1893. He studied at the 
University of Leipzig two years, 1897 
and 1898, in order to prepare for Ger- 
man State Educational Service. He 
taught school in Berlin and Dresden, 
Germany and in Geneva, Switzerland. 
He returned to America in the summer 
of 1913. 


Henry E. Whitcomb, Secretary 

Station A, Worcester, Mass. 

Harold F. Hayes' present address 
is 426 Cutler Building, Rochester, 
N. Y. 

Willis D. Wood was one of the Com- 
mittee of Three, which recently regu- 
lated bond dealings on the New York 
Stock Exchange while the Exchange 
was closed because of European con- 

Prof. Charles T. Burnett, Secretary 
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine 

The Classes 


We publish by request the following: 

"292 Park Avenue, Orange, N. J. 
December 10, 1914. 

"You are asked to interest your- 
self personally in aiding in the search 
for my wife, Mrs. Helen Meeker 
Breck, formerly of Boonton and Dover, 
N. J., who was last seen at Del. Lack. 
& West. R. R. Depot, Orange, N. J., at 
8 A. M. Friday, December 4, 1914. 
Every Amherst man and any other 
friends can be of great service to me by 
interesting themselves in this search. 
You may be sure that only my great 
bereavement and anxiety could induce 
me to send out this circular. I would 
ask that any information be commun- 
icated to the nearest office of the Burns 
Detective Agency or to me at Orange, 
N. J. Telephone 4410-W. 

Walter W. Breck, Amherst, '95. 
Theta Delta Chi." 

Alfred Roelker, Jr., a classmate, 

"I think Walter Breck would be 
glad to have an account of the dis- 
appearance of his wife appear in the 
next Amherst Quarterly, . . . He 
telephoned me that they cannot im- 
agine any reason for her disappearance 
except mental aberration. It is a very 
sad case." 

In The Spur, for November 15th, 
is an illustrated article describing the 
new residence of Herbert L. Pratt, 
"The Braes," at Glen Cove, Long 
Island. In the design of this superb 
house the architect, James Brite, has 
taken Elizabethan architecture as his 
guiding thought, and worked out his 
design in Harvard brick and lime- 


T. B. Hitchcock, Secretary 

60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

William S. Thompson has returned 
to New York City, where he is associa- 
ted with the publishing house of G. P. 
Putnam's Sons. 

T. B. Hitchcock and Miss Elizabeth 
Prescott Frost of Allston, Mass., were 
married on December 5th. F. H. 
Hitchcock, '91, of New York City was 
best man, and Rev. E. F. Sanderson, 
'96, of Brooklyn was one of the officiat- 
ing clergymen. Other '96 men who 
attended were J. G. Hill, brother-in- 
law of the bride, E. T. Kimball, and 
W. D. Stiger. 

In the October number of The Nerv 
England Historical and Genealogical 
Register the leading article, written 
by Thomas B. Hitchcock, is on the 
"Memoir of William Sanford Hills." 

John T. Pratt has been elected a 
member of the Executive Committee 
of the New York, New Haven, and 
Hartford R. R. Co. 

From the magazine Missions, for 
November, 1914, we quote the follow- 
ing about Rev. James B. Taylor and 
his wife in South Africa: 

"Thousands of Zulus in South 
Africa are awaiting the revised Bible 
in their language now being printed at 
the Bible House, New York. The ver- 
sion which they now have, like the revi- 
sion, is the work of missionaries of the 
American Board in Natal, who, during 
thirty years, translated it book by book. 
The American Bible Society in 1882 prin- 
ted the 6rst complete Zulu Bible. Since 
then it has shipped Zulu Scriptures 
to South Africa literally by the ton. 
Every Zulu who learns to read seems 
at once to set about buying a Bible or 
a Testament. The books also wander 
oflF among kindred Bantu tribes as 
far north as Lake Nyasa. 

"The final revision of this Bible, 
now all but completed, is the work of 
Rev. J. D. Taylor of Massachusetts, 
an Amherst College man, who has 
been in South Africa fifteen years as 
a missionary of the American Board. 
Sentence by sentence and word by 
word Mr. Taylor, assisted by a native 
purist in Zulu, has gone over the book 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

and the Avork of other revisers. Mrs. 
Taylor has copied the whole revised 
Bible on her typewriter for the Bible 
Society compositors; the proofs are 
sent back to South Africa for close 
scrutiny; and when finally returned 
corrected they set the pressmen at the 
Bible House free to do their share of 
this great work. In 1879 the Zulus were 
chiefly notorious for having cut to 
pieces a column of choice British 
troops at Isandula in Natal. One 
generation later we find some of them 
almost as eager for the revised Bible 
in their own tongue as were the Eng- 
lish-speaking peoples to get their re- 
vised Bible in 1881. The life of the 
Zulus has been deeply influenced by 
the Bible." 

Roberts Walker has been elected 
a director of the Chicago and Alton 
Railway. He addressed the Oklahoma 
Bar Association, at Tulsa, Oklahoma, 
December 28th, on "Some Tendencies 
toward Inefficiency in Current Legisla- 


Dr. B. Kendall Emerson, Secretary 
56 William Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Prof. Charles W. Cobb of the Col- 
lege faculty reviewed in the Journal 
of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific 
Method for September 2iih, E. Picard's 
"Das Wissen der Gegenwart." 

W'illiam A. Morse is secretary of 
the Y. M. C. A. at Holyoke, Mass. 

The November number of the Na- 
tional Geographic Magazine is entirely 
taken up by a copiously illustrated 
article written by its editor, Gilbert H. 
Grosvenor, on "Young Russia, the 
Land of Unlimited Possibilities." 
Most of the photographic views, and 
of these many in color, are from photo- 
graphs by Mr. Grosvenor himself. 

Rev. Charles E. Merriam, Secretary 

31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 

It sometimes happens — we note 
a case in the class of 1885 — that an 
alumnus whose address is unknown to 
the College becomes himself known by 
some distinguishing mark of success or 
service in the world. We record 
another case in the following notice 
from the October Book Buyer of 
"Constantinople, Old and New" by 
H. S. Dwight: 

"Of entertaining or even valuable 
books of travel not a few have appeared 
in recent years, but it is not often that 
the soul of a country or place is revealed 
to us, interpreted in its inner signifi- 
cance, by one who has the rare sensitive- 
ness to a people and an atmosphere 
that a great artist has to color and 
form. Such a personality was Laf- 
cadio Hearn's, and such a book was 
'North Africa and the Desert,' by the 
poet, George E. Wood berry. 'Con- 
stantinople, Old and New,' is again 
such a book — a book in which the city 
and people are made real and compre- 
hensible to us by one who has spent 
much of his boyhood and manhood 
there, and who has the eyes to see and 
the heart to understand. 

"The value of the book is greatly 
enhanced by numerous illustrations 
from the author's own photographs, 
'often made under circumstances of 
.special privilege.' 

Mr. Dwight has also a copiously illus- 
trated article on "Life in Constantinople" 
in the December number of the National 
Geographic Magazine. 

W. H. Hitchcock is one of the three 
assistants selected by Attorney-Gen- 
eral Atwill of Massachusetts to be his 
colleagues in the office to which he 
was recently elected. 

Rev. J. C. Whiting has been chosen 
director of religious education at the 
South Congregational Church, Hart- 
ford, Conn, having entire charge of the 

The Classes 


religious, educational, and young 
peoples' work. 


Charles I. DeWitt, Secretary 
60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

Frederick H. Clark, who has here- 
tofore been located in Mexico and the 
far west, now gives his permanent ad- 
dress as 30 Broad Street, New York 

Edward O. Damon is no longer con- 
nected with the Light House Board in 
Washington. His new address is 19 
East Mason Building, Fort Dodge, la. 

Dr. Henry T. Hutchins has changed 
the location of his ofSce from Marl- 
borough Street to 522 Commonwealth 
Avenue, Boston. 

A daughter was born on November 
2d, to Mr. and Mrs. Bm-ges Johnson. 

Dr. Henry K. W. Kellogg has moved 
from New York City to Norwalk, 
Conn., where he is established at 13 
West Street. 

Bayard Matthews is principal of 
the Dover Plains, N. Y., High School. 

W. F. Merrill is now connected with 
the Manufacturers Equipment Com- 
pany, at 136 Federal Street, Boston. 

Albert Roberts is engaged in the 
work of the refunding committee of 
the Peoples Water Company, San 
Francisco, with address at 806 Alaska 
Commercial Building. 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary 
14 Wall Street, New York City 

A daughter, Anita, was born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Wm. M. Clark on October 

Rev Noble S. Elderkin of Law- 
rence, Kansas, recently declined a call 
extended to him from Newtonville, 


Arthur W. Towne, superintendent 
of the Brooklyn Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, was 
one of the speakers in a course of lec- 
tures'on social work given this winter 
by the New York School of Philan- 

Albert I. Watson has withdrawn 
from the law firm of Watson, Diehl & 
Watson of Scranton, Pa., and is now 
living in Minneapolis, Minn., where 
he has become partner in the well 
known investment house of Wells, 
Dickey & Co. 

The New York Sun of September 
28th contained the following: 


"A contributor sends in this clip- 
ping from the Kohala Midget, a paper 
published in the island of Maui, one 
of the Hawaiian group. He explained 
that 'wahine' is Hawaiian for woman, 
'kane' for man, and 'pau' for enough. 

"The Rev. R. B. Dodge of Walluku 
is the most resourceful man on Maui. 
Recently a Japanese couple came to 
Mr. Dodge with a request in the sign 
language that he make them man and 
wife. They couldn't talk English 
fluently and Mr. Dodge cannot talk 
Japanese, so he conducted the ceremony 
as follows: 

"'You like this wahine.''' 


'"Bimeby no kickout?' 


"'You like this kane.''' to the wo- 


" ' Bimeby no kickout.* ' 


"'Pule (pray.) 


1 62 

Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary 
36 South Street, Campbello, Mass. 

A son, Charles Gordon Holton, was 
born August 31st, at Worcester, Mass., 
to the Rev. Horace F. Holton, of the 
First Congregational Church, St. Louis, 
Mo., and Mrs. Helen Berry Holton. 
Mrs. Holten is the sister of Dr. Gordon 
Berry, '02 of Worcester. 

Rev. Clarence A. Lincoln is pastor 
of the Kirk Street Congregational 
Church, at Lowell, Mass. 


Clifford P. Warren, Secretary 
26 Park Street, Roxbury, Mass. 

Louis E. Cadieux is now living in 
the new house of the Boston City Club. 

Ralph H. Clarke and Miss Edna 
Spannagel were married at Tacoma, 
Washington, November 28, 1914. 

The latest member of the class to 
be married is Freddie Field (Frederick 
Alfred Field, Junior, the announcement 
has it), to Miss Jessie Gibson Arnold, 
on October 6, 1914, in New York City. 

Stanley King spent a large part of 
the fall in London on business. Mrs. 
King accompanied him. 

At the annual meeting of the State 
Bar Association of Utah, August 15, 
1914, William H. Leary was elected 
Secretary for the ensuing year. "Bill" 
spoke at the banquet of the Association 
on "A Lawyer's Lament." No cause 
for such a lament on the part of the 
speaker appears in reports of the pro- 

The secretary has a daughter, Alice 
Louise Warren, born October 27th. 


Karl O. Thompson, Secretary 

11213 Itaska Avenue, Cleveland, 


Rev. Edmund A. Burnham has a 
son, the Class Boy, at Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover. The son, whose father 
was leader of the Glee Club in college, 
and whose mother is a noted singer, is 
represented as especially gifted and 
interested in music, having a bari- 
tone voice of exceptional quality. 

Vernon Seymour Clark, attorney 
with the firm of James S. Lawson, Am- 
herst '95, New York City, died of 
tuberculosis, October 8th, at Saranac 
Lake, N. Y. Clark was a brilliant 
student, graduating at the head of his 
class at Amherst, and making an ex- 
cellent record in the law, in New York 
City. His firm gives the highest testi- 
monial to his ability, saying he "com- 
manded respect, both for himself as a 
lawyer, and for himself as a man." 
Clark prepared for college at the Bing- 
hamton High School, and took his law 
course at Columbia, graduating in 
1906. In 1910 he married Miss Laura 
Mahan, of Jersey City, who is left with 
two small sons, Vernon, Jr., and 
Edward. Mrs. Clark will live at Sar- 
anac Lake, N. Y. 

Joseph B. Eastman has been ap- 
pointed by Governor Walsh as member 
of the Public Service Commission to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation 
of George W. Anderson, now United 
States District Attorney. 

Mr. Eastman was born in 1882 at 
Katonah, N. Y., son of the Rev. J. H. 
Eastman of Pottsville, Pa. He was 
educated in the public schools of Ka- 
tonah and Pottsville and graduated 
from Amherst as president of the class 
of 1904. He received a fellowship 

The Classes 


from Amherst allowing him to study 
social and political conditions at the 
South End House in Boston. In the 
fall of 1905 he became secretary of 
the Public Franchise League and has 
continued in that position up to the 
present time. During the past year 
and a half Mr. Eastman has served as 
representative for the Street Railway 
Unions in the Boston Elevated Com- 
pany arbitration, the Middlesex & 
Boston Company arbitration, and at 
the present time is representative for 
the Street Railway Men's Union in the 
Bay State Street Railway arbitration 
matter. Last summer he appeared in 
behalf of the Electrical Workers' Union 
in connection with the city of Boston 
lighting contract. He is a member 
of the Boston City Club, Boston Ath- 
letic Association, and Boston Chamber 
of Commerce. 

Dr. Walter C. Howe was associated 
with Dr. Nichols in attending the Har- 
vard Football squad during the recent 

Henry S. Richardson and Miss Anna 
Giles Peirce were married October 7th, 
at Brookline, Mass. 

Bertrand H. Snell was recently elec- 
ted to the Republican State Commit- 
tee of New York. He personally con- 
ducted District Attorney Whitman on 
his campaign through his district. 

Rev. K. O. Thompson resigned his 
pastorate at the Glenville Congrega- 
tional Church, Cleveland, the last of 
September, and accepted an instructor- 
ship in the department of English of 
the Case School of Applied Science, 


John B. O'Brien, Secretary 

309 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 

The 1905 men in New York held 
a small dinner on Friday evening, 
November 20th, at Keen's Chop House. 
Those present included Baily, Crowell, 
Lynch, Moon, Nash, Nickerson, Rath- 
bun, Roberts, and Wing. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Wilbar 
of Bridgewater announce the engage- 
ment of their daughter Katherine, a 
graduate of Smith College in 1911, 
to George Benjamin Utter, of Westerly, 
R. I. Miss Wilbar is instructor in 
English at the high school in Stough- 
ton. Mr. Utter, the eldest son of the 
late governor George H. Utter of Rhode 
Island, who died two years ago while a 
member of Congress, is managing editor 
of the Westerly Daily Sun, a member 
of the executive committee of the Re- 
publican State Central Committee of 
Rhode Island, and a vice-president of 
the Republican Club of that state. 

The Rev. Edwin Hill Van Etten 
began his duties on October 4th, as 
rector of Christ Episcopal Church, 
Broadway and Seventy-First Street, 
New York City, by introducing two 
new features, lights on the altar and 
a movable pulpit on wheels, which 
can be moved up or down the main 
aisle. His church is the first uptown 
church to hold daily noon services, 
arrangements for which have recently 
been made. 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary 
20 Vesey Street, New York, N. Y. 

Announcement is made of the en- 
gagement of Philip A. Bridgman and 
Miss Anne Parrish, of Claymont, Del. 

Robert C. Powell was married Au- 
gust 3d to Miss Margaret Wood, of 
Pouglikeepsie, N. Y. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Dr. James N. Worcester has gone 
to Paris to be connected with the 
American Hospital established to care 
for the wounded of the French and 
English Armies 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary 
262 Lake Avenue, Newton Highlands, 
In the items for 1886 mention is 
made of the article by Bruce F. Bar- 
ton's article in the Congregationalist 
for December 10th, on the work of 
Rev. George F. Kenngott, '86. 

A son, Wallace James Connell, was 
born October 7th to James Carl and 
Louise Bigelow Connell at Baldwins- 
Yille, N. Y. 

Clarence A. Lamb and Miss Eliza- 
beth Florence Quigley were married 
on November 11th at Providence, 
R. L 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert E. Rand an- 
nounce the birth of Evans Lewis 
Rand (a brother of the Class Boy) 
on November 23d. 


H. W. ZiNSMASTER, Secretary 
Duluth, Minn. 
In the January number of The Un- 
popular Review is an article by Perry 
R. Cobb entitled "What is the Chance 
for a Job?" 

The wedding of Mr. John Dela- 
mater and Miss Nancy Isabel Gray 
occurred on Thursday, October 8 th, 
at Greenvale, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

A daughter was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. James Fleming in June, 1914. 

Dr. John Andrew Gildersleeve and 
Miss Margaret Crane were married 
on Wednesday, November 18th, at 
East Orange, N. J. 

Mr. Charles W. Niles and Miss 
Natalie Stewart were married on Octo- 
ber 3d, at New York City. Their 
home will be at 53 Pineapple St., Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

The frontispiece of the November 
issue of the Pacific Telephone Magazine 
contains the photograph of Ned Pow- 
ley. Rate Engineer of the Pacific Tel- 
ephone Company. Entering the tel- 
ephone service as a clerk in New York, 
he was lately transferred to San Fran- 
cisco, where his advance has been re- 

The wedding of Miss Clara Frank- 
lin, daughter of Mrs. Albert B. Frank- 
lin, 47 Prospect Street, Melrose, and 
Enos Smith Stockbridge, son of Judge 
and Mrs. Henry Smith Stockbridge, of 
Baltimore, took place at the home of 
the bride's mother, December 29, 1914. 
Owing to the recent death of the bride's 
father, the wedding was a quiet one, 
only immediate relatives attending. 
Mr. and Mrs. Stockbridge will reside 
in Baltimore. 

The bride is a graduate of the Mel- 
rose High School, class of 1907, and of 
Smith College. The bridegroom is a 
graduate of Amherst College, '08, and 
a practising attorney in Baltimore. 
His father is judge of the Maryland 
court of appeals sitting in Baltimore. 

Mr. O. S. Tilton has been spending 
some time in New York City looking 
after the sales of the Standard-Tilton 
Milling Company of St. Louis. 


Edward H. Sudbury, Secretary 
154 Prospect Avenue, Mt. Vernon, 

N. Y. 

Full preliminary plans have been 
made by the class reunion officers for 

The Classes 


the Sexennial next June. The class 
will have its headquarters at Nelson 
Waite's house. Nell has guaranteed 
to make us independent of the Amherst 
House by an up-to-date restaurant 
service. The remnants of the old 
Highland band who survived the call 
to arms in Scotland will be on hand 
again, with new Scottish-Amherst 
march songs 

The class paper "The Whippen- 
proof" has not been suppressed. Copies 
are forwarded to all the class and will 
be distributed to any of our friends who 
send in a request. 

Henry B. Allen has moved to Phil- 
adelphia and is now with the Disston 
Saw Co. of that city 

Dr. Walter Carey is now on the 
Staff of the Charity Hospital, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Lieut. Edward L. Dyer has been 
transferred to Fort Mills, Philippine 

Wilbur B. Jones and Miss Irene 
Clifford were married in St. Louis, 
October 28, 1914. 

Joseph L. Seybold and Miss Cath- 
arine L. Roberts were married in Min- 
neapolis last May. 

Frank A. Sturgis has returned to 
New York from London after a very 
successful season at the London Opera 
House with his Revue "Come Over 

Barrett H. Witherbee died in the 
Flower Hospital, New York City, Au- 
gust 24th from acute uraemic poison- 

Clarence Francis, Secretary 

319 Avery Avenue, Detroit, Mich. 

Joseph D. Brownell was elected 
President of Northland College, Ash- 

land, Wis., last June. In December, 
on his return from an extended trip 
to the east he was given an enthusias- 
tic reception by the students and fac- 
ulty of the college. The Ashland Neios 
says of it: 

"It was the heartiest and most 
spontaneous greeting to a popular 
official that has ever been seen in this 
city. Since the accession of J. D. 
Brownell as President of Northland 
College, the progressive spirit of this 
aggressive and prosperous educational 
institution was never more apparent. 
The wisdom of the selection of Mr. 
Brownell is evident." 

Clarence Francis and Miss Grace 
Berry were married in May at Cran- 
ford, N. J. Francis is now in business 
in Michigan, his home being at 319 
Avery Avenue, Detroit, and his oflace 
in the Union Trust Building. 

The marriage has been announced 
of Mary Pauline Shaner and Ralph S. 
Wood at Chicago, November 28, 
1914. Mr. and Mrs. Wood are living 
at 1737 West 103d Street. 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary 
144 Pearl Street, New York City 

Richard G. Badger of Boston is the 
publisher of a book by F. Prentice 
Abbot, Jr., entitled "The Little Gentle- 
man Across the Road," which has al- 
ready received much favorable com- 
ment. The book is reviewed in this 
number of The Quarterly. 

Hyllon L. Bravo is with the Wash- 
burn Lumber Co. of Toledo, Ohio. 

The marriage of Harold Brown 
Cranshaw and Miss Edith Peckham 
Angell (Smith, 1911) of Providence, 
R. I. was solemnized in Grace Episco- 
pal Church of that city on October 6, 
1914, before a large number of friends 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

and relatives The bride was attended 
by Miss Mildred Webster (Smith, 1912) 
of North Attleboro and Miss Elizabeth 
Dorler of Providence. The groom's 
best man was George W. Williams, '11, 
of Waterloo, la., and the ushers were 
F. Prentice Abbot, Jr., '11, of Brook- 
lyn, Frederick W. H. Stott. '11, of An- 
dover, Morton R. Creesy, '11, of Bev- 
erly, x\lfred H. Clarke, '11, of Portland, 
Ore. William W. Patton, '11, of Lei- 
cester, and Louise Angell of Provi- 
dence, Washburn, '11, Fitts, '12, Cush- 
man,"13, Marshall, '08, and Chapin, 
ex-'09, also attended. A reception at 
Churchill House followed the ceremony. 
After a short wedding trip by automo- 
bile Mr. and Mrs. Cranshaw will be at 
home at 106 Strathmore Road, Brook- 
line, Mass. 

Gordon T. Fish is an instructor at 
SheflBeld Scientific School, Yale Uni- 
versity. Address: 37 Lake Place, New 
Haven, Conn. 

On August 19, 1914, William Weston 
Patton was married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Boynton at the Parson's Paradise, 
Five Islands, Me. Rev. Nehemiah 
Boynton, '79, the father of the bride 
was to have oflBciated but was de- 
tained in Europe by the war, and the 
ceremony was performed by Rev. M. 
Russell Boynton, '10, the brother of 
the bride. Rev. and Mrs. Patton are 
living at Leicester, Mass., where Patton 
is pastor of the Congregational Church. 
Mrs. Patton is a graduate of Welles- 

Frederick J. Pohl, instructor in 
English at Ohio Wesleyan University, 
read a paper at the college meeting at 
the National Council of Teachers of 
English which met recently in Chicago, 
on the teaching of English to Sopho- 

Ex-'ll. Paul F. Scantlebury is 
with the Craig Lumber Co. of Win- 
chester, Idaho. 

The engagement of J. Hardison 
Stevens to Miss Naiveta Caecillia 
Morgan of Chicago, 111., has been an- 
nounced. Stevens, who is a member of 
the First Cavalry, 111. National Guard, 
sustained a fracture of the leg in drill, 
and when in the hospital the frequent 
visits of Miss Morgan were the occasion 
of bringing to a climax a very pretty 
romance, as chronicled by the Chicago 
Tribune of December 2d, in which an 
article under the caption "Wounded 
Trooper Woos in Hospital" appeared. 
Mr. Stevens is secretary of the Amherst 
Young Alumni association of Chicago. 

The engagement of William F. Wash- 
burn and Miss Margaret Shaw Bryan 
of New Rochelle, N. Y. has been an- 
nounced. Miss Bryan is a graduate 
of Smith College in the Class of 1912. 

The engagement of George R. Yer- 
rall, Jr. and Miss Nellie H. Ferguson 
of Springfield, Mass., has been an- 

A daughter, Frances Crandall, was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Dexter Wheelock 
on July 20th. 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary 
40 Gramercy Park, New York, N. Y. 

The engagement has been announced 
of C. Francis Beatty and Miss 
Helen Corning, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

H. Gordon de Chasseaud sailed 
November 28th for London and Bel- 
gium, where he will take charge of a 
dozen former college men who have 
volunteered to assist in the distribu- 
tion of food under the auspices of the 

The Classes 


American Committee for the Relief 
of Belgium. Six men accompany him 
and as many Rhodes scholars will join 
him in London. They will proceed 
to Brussels and from there into the 

George L. Dawson has resigned his 
position in the Uniontown High School 
and is studying law. 

Henry S. Ostrander has entered the 
University of Washington to prepare 
for the profession of pharmacy. 

In The Scoop (Chicago) for August 
8, 1914, is the following account of 
a former member of 1912: 

"DeLysle Ferree Cass is twenty- 
seven years old and has been writing 
and drawing ever since he could hold 
a pencil. His first inspirations did not 
come from babbling brooks, throbbing 
nightingales, nor spring in the country, 
but from those good old favorites the 
Leather-Stocking Tales, Diamond Dick, 
and the Henty books. Later he de- 
veloped a penchant for the heaviest 
works on mediaeval history, the eight- 
eenth century publications of the Ori- 
ental Translation Fund and for both 
the prose and verse of Wm. Morris. 
When he went to Amherst he never 
had to study history, literature, or the 
classics. He had read it all before and 
simply bluffed through. He studied 
the Italian Renaissance for twelve 
years, concurrently with Persian and 
Hindu literature. Those two things, 
mingled with (and perhaps chastened 
by) what is called the Arnherst Spirit, 
have colored all his subsequent works. 

"Ever since he left Amherst in 1910, 
Cass has been actively engaged on both 
the business and editorial ends of vari- 
ous trade papers. At present he is 
assistant western manager of the Boot 
and Shoe Recorder. He writes his 
fiction at home nights. He works all 
day but hangs on to the trade paper 
job because he believes it keeps him 
thoroughly practical, and 'One can 
write imaginatively,' he says, 'with 
his feet on the ground.' 

"His first published fiction, 'The 
Colonna's Bride,' was a serial. It sold 
for fifteen dollars to The Cyclone (1902) 
a small and since defunct paper in Den- 
ver. Several bits of verse, belles 
lettres, and short stories published in 
high school and college papers, have 
since been sold to standard magazines 
at good rates. 

"He first broke into the big mag- 
azine game with a short story 'The 
Hurrah for Lincoln,' published in Good 
Housekeeping in 1904. Since then he 
has sold fiction mostly to the Munsey 
publications, particularly to the All- 
Siory Magazine. 

"Published Belles Lettres: 'The 
Story of the Stocking'; 'The Persian 
Anacreon'; 'The Animal Hero in Lit- 
erature'; 'Higher Education and the 
Photo Play,' (this least a P. C. Selig 
Prize Winner). 

"Published Short Stories: 'Colo'; 
'The Rose of Rimini'; 'The Hurrah 
for Lincoln'; 'Oahula, the Carnivorous'; 
'Love's Caprice'; 'Love Goes Groping 
Blindly'; "The Thousand and First.' 

"Novels (published serially): 'Pil- 
grims in Love'; 'The Man Who Could 
Not Die'; 'The White Spot.' 

"Cass claims to have the largest 
collection of rejection slips in captiv- 
ity, but most of them are of compara- 
tively remote past dates. He is one of 
the most patriotic and active of the 
the Press Club's younger members." 

Alfred H. Ramage, who up to last 
year was in the zinc and lead mining 
business with his father, at Joplin, Mo., 
is at present located at Tulsa, Okla., 
in the oil producing business. 

Russell B. Rankin was married in 
Kenilworth, 111. to Miss Catherine L. 
Drake, on September 20, 1914. The 
best man at his wedding was Carroll 
L. Hopkins, '13, of Lansing, Mich. 


Lewis D. Still well, Secretary 
60 Matthews Hall, Cambridge, Mass. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Herbert C. Allen, Jr. to Miss Rilla 

1 68 

Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Parsons, Syracuse, '13, of Cleveland, 

On November 2d, H. M. Bixby, 
the class president, married Miss Eliz- 
abeth Case of St. Louis, Mo. The 
class presented the bride with a large 
silver bowl, appropriately inscribed. 
The couple spent their honeymoon at 
White Sulphur Springs, Va., and are 
now living at 5391 Berlin Ave., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

R. H. Browne has taken a position 
with Wood & Brooks Co., in Buffalo. 

T. J. Burns has moved to New 
Bedford, Mass. 

On Wednesday, December 30, 1914, 
Miss Mildred Joyce Reynolds, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Seymour L. Rey- 
nolds of Burlington, Vt., was married 
to Harold Van Yorx Caldwell, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Eben Caldwell, of Win- 
chester. The marriage took place in 
the parish house of the First Church 
in Burlington in the presence of a 
large number of guests. 

Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell will be at 
home after February 1st in Delaware, 
Ohio., where Mr. Caldwell is associ- 
ate professor of English at Ohio Wes- 
leyan University. The bride is a grad- 
uate of the Burlington High School 
in the class of 1906, and for the past 
three years has been supervisor of 
bookkeeping for the New England 
Telephone Company in this city. 

Frank Collins married Miss Mar- 
garet Stickney, Mt. Holyoke, 'li, on 
the seventh of October in Milwaukee. 

Paul F. Good, Rhodes Scholar in 
Oxford University, has presented to 
the College Library a subscription to 
the "American Oxonian." He has 

begun his work in Lincoln College, 

George Havens is doing graduate 
work in Johns Hopkins University. 

J. H. Mitchell has entered Harvard 
Law School. 

J. S. Moore is with the International 
Pump Co., 115 Broadway, New York 

W. W. Moore is conducting an apple 
farm at Kearney sville, W. Va. 

H. K. Murphey is doing graduate 
Avork in American History at Harvard. 

Alfred Newbery has taken a three- 
year teaching position at the Mahan 
School, Yangchow, China. 

The marriage of George D. Olds, 
Jr., and Miss Margaret Atwater oc- 
curred in New York on the sixth of 

C. E. Parsons is taking special work 
in chemistry at Colorado College, pre- 
paratory to taking up medicine. 

H. H. Plough is specializing in biol- 
ogy at Columbia. 

H. H. Pride is in the Mathematical 
Department of New York University. 

G. L. Stone is teaching at Great 
Barrington, Mass. 

C. L. Tappin is an instructor at 
Riverview Academy, Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y. 

Miner W. Tuttle has entered the 
Columbia Law School. 

Ralph W. Westcott is teaching at 
Ipswich, Mass. 

The Classes 



Percy F. Bliss has resigned his posi- 
tion as principal of the High School at 
Hampstead, N. H. After Christmas 
vacation he will substitute in the High 
Schools at Springfield and will teach 
night school there. 

Ralph A. Lawrence is teaching at 
Vermont Academy, Saxtons River, Vt. 
From Vermont Academtj Life, the paper 
published by the school we quote the 

"Mr. Lawrence (in English HI): 
'What is coherence, Brackett.'' 

"Brackett (scratching his head): 
'Let me see.' 

"Mr Lawrence: 'Well, we will put 
up the shades and have a little more 
light on the subject.' " 

Evidently Mr. Lawrence is render- 
ing a good account of himself. 

An original Chinese pantomime, 
"The Story of the Willow Pattern 
Plate" was given its premiere by the 
dramatic department of the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music on Decem- 
ber 4th and 5th, in Jordan Hall, Boston. 
Among the active participants in the 
playlet was Everett Glass, who is now 
a student of the drama at Harvard and 
at the New England Conservatory of 




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Frontispiece: Portrait of President Frank J. 

GooDNOW Facing 171 

The College Window — Editorial Notes . . . 171 

Our Court of Appeal 

War and Intelligence. Chilton L. Powell, '07 . . 178 

Poem: Sunrise at Amherst. Frederick Houk Law, 95 . 184 

Sim^ttfit in Cound! 

The Beginning of the New Movement in Amherst. 

Dean Olds 185 

Deacon Stebbins on the Alumni. Surges Johnson, '99 188 

Amherst Athletics. C. J. Sullivan, '92 .... 192 

Poem: College Songs. George G. Phipps, '62 ... 199 

The Trophy. Compiled 201 

The Professional Life of Frank Johnson Goodnow. 

Munroe Smith, '74 206 

Johns Hopkins in Account with Amherst. William B. 

Clark, '84 215 

Capen: Sociological Progress in Mission Lands. 

Lewis F. Reed, '93 218 

iDtticial anti Pergonal 

The Alumni Council 219 

The Associations 223 

The Classes 227 


Prof. Frank J. Goodxow, LL.D., whose portrait appears as frontispiece, 
was graduated at Amherst College in 1879. In addition to the services 
to learning for which, as professor in Columbia University, he is honored 
in learned circles, he is also well known to the public at large for his 
activities as commissioner under President Taft and later for his services 
to the reconstructed Chinese government. He is the subject of the 
article by Prof. Munroe Smith on page 206. 

Chilton L. Powell, who sends from England the article on " War and 
Intelligence," is a fellow in English of Columbia University, now study- 
ing at the British Museum. 

Frederick Houk Law, who writes the poem "Sunrise at Amherst," is at 
the head of the Department of English in the Stuyvesant High School, 
New York City. 

Purges Johnson, who contributed to the gayety of the Alumni in New 
York by the poem, "Deacon Stebbins on the Alumni," is with the pub- 
lishing firm of E. P. Dutton and Co.. New York City. 

Cornelius J. Sullivan, whose name is so eminent in the history of Amherst 
athletic interests, is a lawyer in New York City. 

George G. Phipps, who contributes the poem, "College Songs," is a clergy- 
man resident in Newton Highlands, Mass. His poem evinces the youth- 
ful spirit still vigorous in one of our older Alumni. 

Prof. Munroe Smith, J.U.D., LL.D., who writes on "The Professional Life of 
Frank Johnson Goodnow," is Professor of Roman Law and Comparative 
Jurisprudence in Columbia University. 

Prof. William Bullock Clark, Ph.D., LL.D., who writes the article on "Johns 
Hopkins in Account with Amherst," is Professor of Geology in Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. Lewis F. Reed, who reviews Professor Capen's book on "Sociological 
Progress in Mission Lands," is a pastor in Brooklyn, N. Y. 


President of Johns Hopkins University 

Editorial Notes 171 



VOL. IV.— APRIL, 1915.— NO. 3 


COLLEGE has long ceased to be, if it ever was, the clois- 
tered, withdrawn, abstrusely academic institution that 
imaginative outsiders deem it, or that austere minded 
patrons desire it to be. If such was the ideal of the '85 memorial, 
_ p, they might better have taken a lesson from 

of Aooeal kindly Nature, which, you know, "brings 

not back the mastodon." In saying this we 
mean no disparagement, either to the '85 demands for an in- 
creased fundamentalism in learning or to the classic old mas- 
todon ; we mean hearty honor rather. Both are vital and comely 
in their stratum of environment and issue; both big with ele- 
ments of future upbuilding. The solemn and exacting "enter- 
prise of learning" is the perennial essential in our classrooms and 
laboratories; the mastodon still exhibits its bones in our muse- 
ums, mute reminder of the remote ancestry from which we 
have risen. But we believe the college is beginning to see its 
way to something larger and more comprehensive of intelligent 
life; the college, our college at least, we feel sure, is becoming a 
more homelike and human place, not by return to past conditions, 
but by genuine advance, with its former ideals intact and en- 
riched, yet with new adjustments to these momentous times. 
Such has long been the dream of presidents and professors and 
patrons; but as in dream we have had to pass through seemingly 
motiveless shifts and aberrations of sentiment. We have seen 
eras of the despiser of learning, eras of the sport and gamester, 
of the loafing college oaf, of the rah-rah boy, of the husky athlete, 

1 72 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of the impudent youngster who to the austere demands of 
learning would snap his fingers as who should say, "Educate 
me if you can." Our alumni of the various college genera- 
tions will recall all these, and the peculiar twists of sentiment 
that seemed a controlling, or at least a sadly alloying element 
of their day. As now we think back, however, over the past 
year or two, it is impressive to note how much that was aber- 
rant and frivolous has almost suddenly become obsolete. The 
stress and tyranny of these unhealthy waves of sentiment has 
passed away, and we find ourselves pursuing our studies with 
zest and joy. College has actually become, what a few years 
ago was deprecated, " an institution of learning." And there is 
a kind of exultant seriousness, too, as of men face to face with 
the great things of life, as of men preparing for a responsibility. 
And we know in part why this is so. It is to some extent due to 
the war. The war has done us a service, is doing us a service. 
We cannot go on surcharging our minds with futilities and friv- 
olities while a world-revolution is shaping itself. We look on 
from our vantage ground of America and the American college; 
we are not only fascinated and dismayed but sobered; we are 
startled into the effort to see clear and see straight and see through. 
And this, furnishing the colossal concrete case unfolding before 
our eyes, is just the feeding ground for that liberal education 
of which we have dreamed. 

Thanks to the wisdom of President Meiklejolm and our trus- 
tees, this unique educational course has been brought right to 
our college halls; as if the warring nations of the earth, through 
their ablest representatives, were minded to make our student 
body a court of appeal, before which their case could be fairly 
weighed and judged. A series of Monday morning lectures, or 
talks, was given before the whole college and such outside public 
as chose to come, the first hour's class being put later for the 
purpose. I need not review the various pleas and explanations 
and arguments; they have become familiar in the overwhelming 
volume of literature, periodical and other, that the war is call- 
ing forth. Able and sometimes eloquent representatives — of 
Servia, of England, of Austria, of Russia, of the Peace move- 
ment, of Belgian relief; others, among whom the words of a clear- 

EditorialNotes 1 73 

headed Amherst graduate seemed like the mother-tongue after a 
Babel of foreign voices; — all were heard with fairness and can- 
dor, and with a concentration of attention which called forth 
every speaker's praise. Germany opened the series with an ad- 
dress from a high official sent over here to say her best word; of 
the result we can only say, seeking an adjective at once accurate 
and neutral, that she did her Dern[burg]edest to defend the inde- 
fensible. What I mean the country at large has had abundant 
chance to learn. Dr. Thomas Hall, who closed the series, took up 
the German cause again ; with a result for the most part negative, 
or serviceable to the other side. The whole series was of im- 
mense value to us, not only for its individual pleas but for its 
net result. It showed us what we could not otherwise have 
realized so well: a tremendous war of which everybody is 
ashamed, for which nobody is willing to take the responsibility, 
which can bring no glory to man or nation, and which will inflict 
untold suffering and distress upon all. It revealed to us the 
attitude and temperament of nations hitherto strange and for- 
eign to us; gave us a glimpse of their ideals, their hopes, their 
wrongs, their woes. It was as if the big world, whose sins of 
various degree had suddenly found it out, had constituted a 
body of Amherst young men its court of appeal, looking to them 
for fairness and justice. A new experience this for Amherst; 
it dwarfed the questions of student discipline, and curriculums, 
and activities, which usurp so much of a college's intellectual 
energy. It made us quit our cloister for a time and think in 
world terms. 

One question which from the beginning loomed large, and 
which came indeed almost to dominate the whole series of talks, 
was far less acute to us than to our visitors. As started by the 
German apologists, necessitating answer on the part of the others, 
it produced to some degree the effect of dodging or mistaking the 
real issue and of belittling the cause. It was the question. Who 
began it? who made the war? — propounded with the implica- 
tion that the one who began it, who struck the first blow or actu- 
ally pushed the electric button, must take the burden of the 
guilt. And how laboriously the data were marshaled, — orders, 
diplomacies, dated dispatches, mobilizings, — to prove that who- 

1 74 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

ever it was, it was not Germany! It was hard to understand 
why so much should be made of the question who began it, until 
one made connection with the peculiar German mind. And 
then I recalled an incident that came under my observation, 
many years before pan-Germanism became panic Germanism, 
when the native German character was more self -revealing. One 
day when I was a student in Leipzig, I was walking along one of 
the less congested streets, when suddenly I became aware of a 
tremendous commotion of words. A little farther on a street 
quarrel was beginning to gather a circle of observers, and from 
the way the torrent of objurgatory language flooded the amazed 
air one would think the whole crowd was in uncontrollable up- 
roar. But, no: on arriving opposite I found the crowd silent 
and curious, concerned neither to promote nor prevent. The 
noise all proceeded from two men. They were standing — or 
rather, hopping about — in the middle of the street, shaking 
fists and making faces, eyeing each other like fighting cocks, 
and cursing each other as no creatures on earth but a human 
could do. I had not seen a German quarrel before; but from 
my sense of the natural relation between words and acts I ex- 
pected that the next thing would be a deadly tussle or the draw- 
ing of weapons; nothing short of that, it seemed, could match the 
rage and volubility of the verbal encounter. It turned out, 
however, an anticlimax, dying away rather abruptly into sour 
looks and mutterings; and on looking round to learn the reason 
why, I discovered — a policeman on the scene. There was 
something magical, — or ludicrous (you can judge by your tem- 
perament) in the sudden contrasted hush, when all at once bravoes 
became cowards. I mentioned the incident to a friend afterward, 
and he said, " Why, don't you understand? Each was trying to 
force the other to such excess of rage that the other would strike 
the first blow. They were really working up their quarrel for 
the police. When the case came into court it would make a 
great deal of difference who began the row; the other could 
plead self-defense." So, as it seemed, in all that fury of words 
there was something cold-blooded, calculating, diplomatic; it 
w^as a forced fury, an understood game. The words, as long as 
they remained merely vocal, might be disregarded as so much 
violently agitated air; if written, they might be considered merely 

EditorialNotes 1 75 

" a scrap of paper," but actual blows or bloodshed made the 
thing actionable on the score of attack and defense. 

And now this police-ridden, autocrat-ridden, pedant-ridden 
nation had come to our court of appeal as if we too were a police 
court, as if our business in deciding between culprits and inno- 
cent were merely to decide at what dates things were done and 
said and planned, — in other words, to determine accurately who 
began it, and who therefore was in the wrong. Of course this 
question had its ramifications, and the racial and cultural and 
historical involvements of it had their keen academic interest. 
But there were other involvements nearer home. Our healthy 
college sentiment beyond the academic was also awake; and it 
soon became painfully evident that the whole elaborate plea 
was made lean and sterile by its poverty of appeal to anything 
moral or humane or tolerant. The human element was lacking. 
There was no apparent concern for justice or mercy, for the 
rights of peoples, for the promptings of heart. We were sum- 
moned to gaze, as idle spectators, at the huge maelstrom of or- 
ganized outrage and cruelty and murder, as if it were only the 
moves on a chess-board. And the deeper human nature within 
us, the nature that is not created by books and schoolmasters, 
nor fluctuated by the heats and novelties of youth, arose and 
formed its inner verdict. To think in world terms is after all 
no larger an achievement than to think in terms of the man- 
hood whose elements are in all of us, the inexorable rules of our 
court of appeal. By the side of these the rule-of- thumb by- 
laws of a police court count for little; the issues are too vast 
and vital to be judged like a magnified street quarrel. 

Only the beginnings of the evidence, only a small part, could 
be brought to us at this initial stage of the war, and even that 
part tangled up with lies and contradictions and denials. It 
is not all in yet; it is accumulating with the days; it must work 
itself clear with the slow progress of years and generations. 
Meanwhile the verdict also is forming; already in solution, 
waiting only for the moment of crystallization. It can wait its 
time and ought to; but the nucleus, the core is there, fixed in 
the sane and justice-loving Amherst mind. We need not fear 

176 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

for it. And whatever the external and material outcome of 
the war may be, another coloring and implication will rest for- 
ever on that national character whose contributions to our cul- 
ture we have so revered and adopted; we must take it hence- 
forth with discounts and allowances; must recognize the funda- 
mental flaw that has revealed — or betrayed — its limitations. 
This is well expressed, I think, in a little poem which one of 
our alumni* has recently sent me. Written in no spirit of bitter- 
ness or indignation, it is entitled "Faithless": — 

Our Germany, 
Whose sons have dared to follow where the world truths rise and set, 
WTiat if to thee the victory? — 

Can we forget 
That when a nation's faith has fled 

Her soul is dead? 

Our Germany, 
In whose high pledge a hundred peoples' trust has proudly met. 
What if to thee the victory? — 

Can we forget 
A nation's word once forfeited. 

Her soul is dead? 

A fair expression, it seems to me, of that quiet but inexorable 
revulsion which was the general response to the tissue of apol- 
ogies and excuses and dodging diplomacies and suspicions which 
are urged for the world's consideration. We did not withhold the 
honor where honor was due; we schooled ourselves rather to 
sorrow for a colossal blunder than to indignation for a foul treach- 
ery and wrong; but from the shifts of policy and expediency 
our minds turned severely to the elemental manhood spirit; 
from the material and worldly, where the way was equivocal, 
to the bedrock of the moral and human, the just and the true, 
where the way was clear. 

It has been a notable element in our liberal education, — this 
treating a body of undergraduate boys as if they were the judges 
and interpreters of the great world's most momentous affairs. 
And it has been, in a way, prophetic. There will be a huge 
complex of measures and principles and adjustments to straighten 

* William A. Corbin, of '96. 

EditorialNotes 1 77 

out, from one end of this world to the other, as soon as this war 

is over. Not all of us will live to see even a fair beginning made 

toward the solution. With our own large share of blunders and 

shortsightedness we older ones are perhaps less able to keep 

even with the required wisdom of the times. It is to the men . 

now in our colleges and universities that the world must turn; ] 

it has turned to them instinctively as the court of appeal on j 

whose verdict the coming generation must reckon. And they are | 

becoming aware of a great responsibility. j 

178 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



1IIx\D the two-fold pleasure a few nights ago of sitting in 
the midst of an English family and snickering over one of 
Shaw's plays, to the whole-hearted disgust of the circle 
around me. It would take an American to appreciate the sit- 
uation, and I am not sure which of the other two parties would 
be the more incensed by the company in which he played. Shaw 
is more hated here than ever on account of an article he recently 
published on the present war, a fact of which I became aware 
by the side remarks made for my benefit. 

"Oh, come," I said at last, "you must admit that he is clever." 
"That's just the point," said the paterfamilias, "he's too 
bloomin' clever." 

This is, of course, from the Englishman's point of view, the 
unpardonable sin, perhaps because it removes the sinner so far 
from his judge that no sympathy is possible between them. I 
have not seen Shaw's war article, but knowing both him and 
the Britishers, I can readily imagine what his keen intelligence 
and biting wit might make out of his favorite subject in the 
present crisis. For your average Britisher is neither very witty 
nor very intelligent where these qualities are most needed, in the 
little things, where lies the humor of life, and in the big, where 
lies its chance of progress. Note that I say the average Brit- 
isher, for I do not speak of the really big minds of the country. 
Sir Edward Grey, Lord Kitchener, and others like them, are of 
course universal types, splendid leaders in a time of crisis such 
as any nation might produce; but in just that fact that they are 
men of the world, in a large and fine sense, lies the difference 
between them and the man we think of as John Bull. And I 
must include Mrs. Bull along with her husband, for she, per- 
haps more truly and certainly more apparently, represents that 
attitude towards war which from an American point of view is 
unintelligent and obsolete. 

War and Intelligence 179 

England, ever since the days of St. George, who is still her 
fighting hero, has delighted to see her sons go forth somewhere 
beyond the seas to slay a few Saracens, dragons, or something, 
and to return in some way mysteriously glorified. The spirit 
of "going to the wars," in some sense or other, comes to the well- 
born English youth not only by heredity, but through his whole 
training as w^ell; and it is probably the lack of such birth and 
training among the "Tommies" that is making recruiting in 
the ranks a serious problem here today. The well-born Eng- 
lish lad goes from his home, to seek his fortune as it were,- at 
about the age of twelve, and his purpose in the school to which 
he is sent — a purpose, too, that is honored at his home — is 
to distinguish himself in some way, to get into public view, to 
make a name and a place for himself before the world; and pref- 
erably rather with his body than his brain. There is something of 
the same type in the career of the youth in our country, but that 
it counts for less with the public is shown by the fact that a school 
or college reputation does not follow him in after life to the ex- 
tent that it does the English boy. The young man of America 
is expected to settle down and earn a living, but here he pre- 
serves more of the spirit of adventure; and of all things war gives 
him his greatest chance. So he welcomes it, and so, secretly 
perhaps, do his mother and his sisters. 

"We shall want you and miss yon. 
But with all our might and main 
We shall cheer you, thank you, kiss you. 
When you come home again." 

This is the spirit of yesterday and of today in England (the 
lines are from a recruiting song), and the young ofl[icer goes to 
his command now as in the past with some such thoughts in his 
head — though let us hope less vulgarly expressed — to give 
his life "as his daddy did before" for his own glory rather than 
to sell it as dearly as possible for his country's need. I heard 
an officer remark the other day, "They're not getting killed off 
fast enough at the front; we shall never get out at this rate." 
Of course, a certain amount of this is merely an expression of 
good spirits; I heard the same kind of youthful bravado 
myself last spring, when the New York papers announced 

i8o Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

that the Seventh was about to go to Mexico. But it is a 
truer expression of the real feehng here, and it lasts beyond the 
parting at the station. A member of the Norwegian legation 
said to me last week, "But it is a sport to them; they make it 
a holiday." And the following extract from a newspaper is 
further evidence of the English point of view: "If you are really 
concerned as to whether the spirit of the aristocracy has degen- 
erated in the last half century, just look at your casualty lists. 
Take the peers and look how they have gone down like rain 
before the German shells." This is not a joke, but a boast, and 
an Englishman would see only a cause for pride, though dearly 
bought, in it. The same thing has been said before, and has 
glorified, for the sentimentalist, a blunder that sent six hundred 
brave men to their death — 

"Theirs not to make reply. 
Theirs not to reason why 
Theirs but to do and die!" 

But is no one to reason why, and if so is he to be rewarded merely 
by being called "too bloomin' clever"? Are heads to be used 
only to stop bullets? 

I think we are cleverer — more inteUigent, let us say — in 
America. That we are as brave our conflicts with the British 
lion will attest, but I am not interested in that now. The in- 
telligent American and the British fighting-man measured them- 
selves against the same enemy once upon a time, but the oil 
and the water refused to mix, and Braddock lost his battle and 
his life, though Washington saved the army. It is perhaps poor 
sociology to judge a country by its leaders, nor do I wish to, for 
it is the attitudes of the nations towards war rather than their 
powers that I am discussing. When we, then, as average Amer- 
ican citizens, look back to the Revolution, the greatest thing in 
our minds is not Saratoga or Yorktown, but the winter at Valley 
Forge, which though one of the greatest victories, was not one 
gained by martial bravery. And the greatest man of the Civil 
War was not Grant, who won it, nor even I>ee, who would prob- 
ably be ranked above his opponent, but Lincoln, the man of 
peace "with malice toward none, with charity for all." It 
is easily demonstrated that American ideals are above war, and 

War and Intelligence i8i 

I think British ideals are also, each of which truths is evidence 
of a victory of intelligence over sentiment. But once let the 
war start, and the attitude of each country is different. When 
the United States was involved in the Mexican trouble, even 
after a state of war existed, our president did not cease his pol- 
icy of watchful waiting, and the nation hoped still that its sons 
might be spared. The eagle drooped its wings a bit perhaps, 
and foreign journals made a few scathing remarks, but in the 
end the victory was ours, and a victory of brains rather than of 
blood it was. And with one accord the people from coast to 
coast proclaimed President Wilson a great man. This is the 
point: The American people have the intelligence to appreciate 
intelligent leadership. The American remembers that 

"The paths of glory lead but to the grave," 

but the Englishman, forgetting the last half of the hne, remarks 
calmly when six hundred men go blindly to their death that "some- 
one had blundered" and sees no backfire in the boast that the 
peers "go down like rain before the German shells." A friend 
greeted me the other day: "Oh, we hear such splendid things 
about Alfred. It seems that he was ordered to take a gun across 
an open field to relieve a battalion entrenched by a barn. . . . 
The Tommies were rather fine when he fell and carried him 
back to the line. Isn't it ripping?" Here in a word is the 
difference between the Englishman and the American: to the 
one war is a holiday, and it is "ripping" if the lads die bravely; 
to the other it is a grim business, and he demands a legitimate 
return on his investment. 

Of course, any thinking man will admit that war in itself is 
an unintelligent method of settling differences of opinion. The 
Christian doctrine of love, the antithesis of war, must go hand 
in hand with the doctrine of common sense, and I think both of 
these ideals contributed in Jesus' command to Peter to put up 
his sword. The best product of the heart and the best product 
of the mind must exert parallel forces; otherwise human nature 
is a contradiction of terms, a house divided against itself. But 
to solve the war difiiculty by denouncing war as unintelligent, 
is like solving the problem of human misery by decreeing it unin- 
telligent. And this gets us no further, in the present state of 

i82 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

human afiFairs, for war and sin are existent and will exist until 
in the evolution of human nature they drop away like the mon- 
key's tail, which was an unintelligent appendage when trees 
were no longer our homes. For the world progresses no faster 
than the most backward world power, as the chain is no stronger 
than its weakest link. "Wisdom," saith the preacher, "is bet- 
ter than weapons of war; but one sinner destroy eth much good." 
The question as to war is, then, how can we help human evo- 
lution by the application to it of human intelligence? 

Obviously, the first step in the campaign against any evil is to 
realize perfectly the true nature of that evil. Then we may 
begin really to do something about it. So long as war is thought 
of only as a "path of glory," our arsenals will run at full speed 
in the same way that so long as the sowing of wild oats is thought 
"the primrose path," our barns will be full — if only of tares. 
But war is not a holiday, and the death — even the brave death 
— of a young man is not "ripping." We know these things in 
America. My mother, writing from Baltimore of Lady B's 
boy, who is at the front, says, "The flower of England is falling 
in this horrible wicked war"; and her adjectives, though per- 
haps trite, are far more true than the English matron's. But 
England is learning and learning rapidly, so rapidly in fact I 
fear the account I have given of conditions here may not be alto- 
gether true today. It is for this reason that I have overloaded 
my remarks with quotations, so that the Britisher and not I 
may be seen to be the judge of the day's work. The Boer war 
was the hard task-master that taught the British army, and the 
present war is teaching the nation. There is evidence of the 
former's changed attitude in the fact that the Canadian troops 
are being severely criticized in inner circles for their lack of seri- 
ousness and their ignorance of what real discipline means. And 
I notice a difference in the people, too. The remarks of Lady B, 
when her son returned to the front after having been sent home 
with a slight wound, were quite different from those she expressed 
when he first went out. For the sentimental value of the war 
was gone, as the boy had been out and had won his laurels; from 
the "path of glory" point of view, there was no sense in his 
return. I rather think, too, that his story of the battlefield had 
robbed it of the only disguise that seemed to make it desirable. 

War and Intelligence 183 

A stubborn nation progresses slowly, but nothing shakes the 
dead beliefs from it more quickly and more thoroughly than suf- 
fering brought upon the innocent by those beliefs. History will 
prove this for us, as in the cases of Job, Socrates, and Jesus. 
Thus England is having its dead sentimentalism of war, which 
has hung on since the days of chivalry, torn from it as autumn 
leaves before a storm, for the men of the nation, innocent of any 
offence, are being slaughtered before the eyes of the people. And 
if the war is prolonged and death continues to be sown broad- 
cast until the British nation has come to a full realization of its 
own obsolete state of mind, it may learn its lesson so thoroughly 
that in the future there will be no cause to say, "Lest we forget." 

That such progress has started I am sure. My own hasty 
impressions are, I think, well founded, but to support them I 
quote a few sentences from a fine article in the London Times of 
recent date: 

"We suffer more unhappiness through war than men suffered 
in the past, an unhappiness so great that everything which seems 
to speak of happiness is a pain to us and even beautiful things 
an incongruity. But in this very pain there is a hope for the 
future of the world, for it shows that war is no longer accepted 
by our minds as a natural process. The Prussians, with their 
perverse delight in the obsolete, pretend to accept it and to 
glory in it. . . . They talk of the gaiety and the blazing lights 
of Berlin, where the people drill even their emotions. But Ber- 
lin is not happy any more than London is happy, or any other 
place where the war is always on men's minds. Berlin, no doubt, 
will not confess to unhappiness. It is the weakness of a people, 
thus drilled body and soul, that even to themselves they are 
always on parade and try to think and feel at the word of com- 
mand. But, while they maintain an obsolete policy, they can- 
not maintain an obsolete state of mind. For them, too, if they 
would confess it, the war brings unhappiness, not only because 
of personal loss and national misgiving, but because it is an 
enormity and does violence to the hope and faith of all good 

London, November 26, 1914. 

184 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



THE sunrise flames across the hills, — 
The serried peaks are touched with fire, 
The silent valley thrills 
In ecstasy of deep desire — 
To catch the glow. 
To know 
The lyric joy of morn — 
New born ! New born ! 

Oh sunrise flames that never die! 

Oh serried peaks of height and fire! 
Oh glorious morning sky! 

We never lose the deep desire 
To catch the glow 
To know 
The lyric joy of morn — 
New born! New born! 

Eternal sunrise gleams around — 

It lights the seeker's path with fire — 
From radiant bound to bound 
Flames on the deep desire 
To catch the glow 
To know 
The lyric joy of morn — 
New born ! New born ! 

The New Movement in Amherst 185 


[Minutes of the Afternoon Meeting of the Alumni Council, February 24, 1915] 

T the meeting in the afternoon Dean Olds was" present 
and gave an informal account of the state of the Col- 
lege. He began by reminding the Council that a new 
library building is under very definite consideration — a build- 
ing that, if the plans submitted should be carried out, would 
be one of the very finest in the country. 

He then went on to speak of the intellectual side of the Col- 
lege life, calling special attention to the new course in Social and 
Economic Institutions. This course, so generously endowed 
by an anonymous friend of the College, may be looked upon 
as the first important step in the unfolding of President Meikle- 
john's plan for a revised curriculum. For years the President 
felt the courses in freshman year had been too exclusively a 
continuation of the studies of the fitting school. A young man 
when he enters college, should realize at the very threshold of 
his new experience that he is in a different world of thought and 
is to deal vvith vital problems which the discipline of the college 
is to help him solve. The course in Social and Economic Insti- 
tutions has been introduced to meet this want. 

This year it is in charge of Mr. Gettell, who came to Amherst 
from Trinity, where he had been Professor of History and Polit- 
ical Science for many years. Following out the fundamental 
idea of the course, he began by introducing the freshmen who 
elected it to the general fields of History, Economics, Sociology, 
Political Science, and Ethics. These various departments of 
thought were first defined and outlined. This was followed by 
such fundamental topics as the influence of physical environ- 
ment upon the historical evolution of peoples; the study of 
race and nationality; social concepts, such as the family and 
social classes; political concepts, such as government, sovereignty, 
law, political parties; economic concepts, such as wealth, value, 
property, industrial organization, exchange; and the ethical 

i86 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

concepts of right and wrong, individual and social virtues, and 
religion as a social factor. 

The work of the second semester, already under way, is the 
application of what the men have learned in the first semester 
to the consideration of controverted questions in modern social, 
political, and economic life, and the immediately related study 
of current events. 

The methods followed have involved lectures, discussions, and 
regular reports. Every student has been required to present 
a weekly report upon some assigned topic. This has involved 
careful and systematic library work, with the result, as the li- 
brarian says, that the average use of the books has increased 
more than twenty per cent, within the year. In the conduct of 
the work care is taken to make the young men realize that they 
have not yet reached the time or degree of maturity which would 
make possible a profound or thorough-going study of the prob- 
lems suggested, — far less a solution. The idea of the course 
has been to make the men aware of the existence of these far- 
reaching problems so that they shall be eager for further study 
and catch early in their college course the significance of the new 
and rich experience in its relation to the life of the world. 

The Dean then spoke of the general intellectual atmosphere 
of the College, emphasizing his feeling that the interest of Am- 
herst students in the things of the mind had been never more 
marked within the range of his experience. While recognizing, 
as always, the high value of the large half of college life which 
concerns itself with friendships and healthful, vigorous play, 
the friends of the College must rejoice in the fact that the men 
are interested as rarely, perhaps never before, in those things 
for which a college primarily exists. 

As was to be anticipated (for the two things usually go to- 
gether), the morale of the student body is high. The Student 
Council, organized some two years since, is making its strong 
and sane influence felt more and more in all branches of College 
life. As an inheritance possibly from the far-off days of the 
College Senate, Amherst has, if not legally, at least practically 
self-government, so far as the extra-classroom life is concerned. 
Indeed, the fine thing is that the individual student governs 
himself, and generally does the task well. In a word, from 

The New Movement in Amherst 187 

whatever angle of vision the members of the Council, in their 
wise and helpful scrutiny, may look at the College, there is every 
reason that they should be full of hope. 

At the close of his address the Dean said that he would be 
glad to listen to questions upon any points that might interest 
members of the Council. Full advantage was taken of this 
opportunity, and the following information was forthcoming. 

The class entering last September, while smaller than the 
freshman class of 1913, was larger than that entering in 1912. 
In considering this fact, it must be remembered that in both 
1912 and 1913 candidates for the B. S. degree were still enter- 
ing, whereas only B. A. candidates came in last autumn. In 
connection with this it should be noted that the number of B. A. 
candidates has increased about one hundred per cent, in the 
last four years. If the ratio of increase continues, there 
is evidently reason to believe that the size of the College will 
be such as to quiet the anxiety of those friends of Amherst who are 
most apprehensive on the score of numbers. 

It was also brought out, in answer to a question whether Am- 
herst requirements were not too high, that, while Amherst is 
not advertising itself as an idle man's college, the requirements 
for entrance and for graduation are not unduly severe, and that 
any young man of average ability and of industry will have no 
serious trouble in meeting them. 

Attention was called by a member of the Council to the fact 
that fewer students are coming to Amherst from the middle 
west. In reply the Dean recognized that the center of the stu- 
dent population had shifted toward the east, and added that 
this fact had already engaged the attention of the authorities. 
President Meiklejohn has already in his possession statistics 
in process of tabulation bearing upon the relations of Amherst 
to the secondary schools of the middle west, and thus having 
most direct relation with the question that had been asked. 

Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

[Poem read at the Alumni Dinner, New York, February 24, 1915] 

AS I set in the doorway of my shack 
Back thar in Pelham just the other day 
I watched the mornin' sunHght flashin' back 
From college windows over Amherst way. 

I thought how John G. Saxe in days gone by 

Had praised those windows, an ' the verse wa'n't bad. 

And yet he never knew 'em well as I — 
He never sat behind 'em as a lad. 

He never tied some firewood to a rope 

And lowered it down and swung it to and fro, — 

When life was full of joy and faith and hope, — 
And busted in the windows just below. 

He never celebrated in good form 

The Day of Prayer for Colleges, I doubt 

What he could know of windows in a dorm — 
Who never busted any in or out. 

And so I sat an' thought of crops and stuff 

That mightn't interest the like of you. 
I may have chawed terbacca like enough, — 

The brand my pet professor used to chew. 

And then there came the notice of this feed 
With governors and presidents and such. 

Thinks I they're showin' sich a burst of speed 
A Pelham farmer wouldn't count fer much. 

Deacon Stebbins on the Alumni 189 ; 

- t 


But then I reasoned raound the other way : ; 

I've got a two-tailed coat and waistcoat, too; ! 

I raise good crops, by Heck, an' make 'em pay — ] 

That's suthin' more than most of you could do. 1 

I'll go an' hold my head up with the best! j 

In these hard-boiled disguises, goodness knows ] 

You couldn't tell a farmer from the rest, | 
Unless you smell the mothballs in his clo'se. 

What tho' you dwell 'mid luxury and crime, ; 

You went thro' Amherst, an' I calculate i 

I've seen too many freshmen in my time j 

To feel much awed by any graduate. \ 

For years I've watched each raw-boned youth hike by 

Hell-bent fer culture, in a derby hat, j 

Red flannel wristers an' his pants too high, — 

His Adam's apple fightin' his cravat. , 

And I have stored this wisdom in my heart — '> 

The farm-raised freshman knows what he's about. | 

The lad that looks least house-broke at the start \ 
May make the biggest hit when he gets out. 

And in this solemn row that sets here now, i 

So famed in statecraft, scholarship, and law, | 

I'll bet there's more than one that's milked a cow I 

And knows just what you mean by Gee and Haw. ; 

The schools can't do it all, howe'er they boast; 

The stuff is in the boy, I have no doubt; i 

There's stuff in most boys, but I guess with most 

You have to operate to get it out. , 

The poor old college labored hard enough | 

On you in your young days' of student strife, ■ 

You had to work like time, or chuck a bluff — '. 

And either trainin' fitted you fer life. ] 

ipo Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

I've often wondered what Her secret is — 

It isn't just the sort of profs She gets; 
It's suthin' in the way She tends to biz — 

It's suthin' in the country where She sets. 

Mark Hopkins on that log of which we've heard 
Could not have set my youthful brains a jog; 

I couldn't keep my mind on every word, 
It's so darned easy rollin' off a log. 

And fifty Hopkinses with logs fer each, 

And all so wise you hear their brain-works whiz 

With separate boys for everyone to teach 
Would not be half the college Amherst is. 

Our college product isn't due to books; 

One sometimes digs out less the more he delves; 
He's kneaded by a hundred different cooks. 

The Amherst lads' best teachers are themselves. 

Those many-windowed dorms I see again 

Across the valley house a world of boys 
Who train each other, while a few real men 

Just sort of guide and harmonize the noise. 

So as we view this table here, with such 

A handsome group, the center of the fuss, — 

Their classmates whisper "Shucks! they ain't so much — 
They owe their education half to us." 

The boys in Amherst make her what she is; 

They're wealth that we Alumni must endow. 
And if we've done our duty, why Gee Whiz 

There's twenty future governors there now. 

And Amherst will be what you wish, becuz 

Silk purses out of sow's ears never grew. 
You send her boys as good as you once was. 

She'll send out men, God help her, much Uke you! 

Deacon Stebbins on the Alumni 191 

You've got to judge a college by the crop, 

And not by one potato in a hill. 
You don't judge barrels by the laj'er on top, 

At least not barrels Yankee farmers fill. 

But if our Governor and all was there, 

And all those gay young office boys was here, 

We'd cheer potential triumph in each chair 
With just the same conviction in the cheer. 

You're proof of what the Amherst farm can do, 

You're some potatoes — all could go on top ; 
The field's well tilled and now it's up to you 

To have no fallin' off in next year's crop. 

Old Amherst hits as long as you've got punch; 

She's down and out when you don't care a cuss. 
That's Amherst, — that there het'rogenious bunch; 

God bless her, she's as good and bad as us. 

192 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


[Summarized from the Report of the Athletic Committee of the Alumni Coimcil, 
Cornelius J. Sullivan, '92, Chairman] 

IN order to determine what, if anything, can be done to place 
Amherst athletics on a more successful basis, the Com- 
mittee sought information on the following subject: 

(1) How Amherst athletics are now being conducted. 

(2) What the scholarship regulations are which affect Amherst 
athletics and how they compare with those of other colleges. 

(3) What Amherst has really done in athletics in years past, 
— what is its record. 


All of Amherst athletic activities are now conducted by the 
students, through a representative organization' known as the 
"Student Council," under the direct supervision and control of 
the Department of Physical Education. The Faculty deter- 
mines the scholarship eligibility of students and the extent of the 
activities, and reserves the right to nullify any act of the Student 
Council at any time as the interests of the College may seem to 
require, but agrees not to do so without affording the Student 
Council ample opportunity to present its case. 

Under its constitution, which has been approved by the Fac- 
ulty, the Student Association through the Student Council has 
power to appropriate moneys for the athletic needs of the Col- 
lege; to care for College property entrusted to it; to prepare 
schedules; to choose coaches, excej)ting those employed by the 
College; to formulate eligibility rules, except scholarship rules; 
to formulate insignia rules and award insignia; to formulate 
rules regarding training table, equipment, etc.; and to decide 
upon the method of election and the duties of captains of teams, 
managers, and assistant managers. 

The head of the Department of Physical Education acts as 
treasurer of the Student Organization and has direct supervision 
and control of the custody and disbursement of all funds. A 

Amherst Athletics 193 

member of the Department acts as Supervisor of Athletics and 
approves all schedules, contracts, and choice of coaches, trainers, 
etc., made by the Student Council. The Department of Phys- 
ical Education also determines the physical eligibility of candi- 
dates for teams, directly supervises and controls the work of 
coaches, captains, managers, and assistant managers, approves 
insignia rules and insignia awards, and in general serves as super- 
visor of all athletic activities and is answerable to the Faculty 
for its acts and decisions and for the reporting to the Faculty of 
any new rules that may be made. 

The Faculty determines scholarship eligibility and the extent 
of athletic activities and, after ample opportunity has been 
afforded to the Student Council to present its case, may nullify 
any act of the Student Council when the interests of the Col- 
lege seem to require it. 

When this plan was adopted, in September, 1913, it was hoped 
that the assistance of the Alumni in an advisor}^ capacity would 
be furnished. To this end a Commitee on Athletics was cre- 
ated by the Alumni Council as one of its standing committees. 

From the above outline it appears that while the Depart- 
ment of Physical Education has the custody and disbursement 
of all funds and supervises and approves all acts of the Student 
Council relating to the athletic activities of the College yet it 
is the Student Council which actually controls athletics at 


In order to make a satisfactory and authoritative compari- 
son of the scholastic and other regulations with reference to inter- 
collegiate athletics in force at Amherst and other eastern colleges 
and universities a questionnaire was sent to some twenty insti- 
tutions. The returns included the latest catalogues, college and 
athletic rules, and were sufficient to tabulate in the case of ten 
colleges with whom we are closely associated athletically and 
scholastically : Williams, Dartmouth, Wesleyan, Brown, Trin- 
ity, Tufts, Bowdoin, Yale, Harvard, and Princeton. The com- 
parison is made in respect to entrance requirements, special 
scholarship rules for freshmen, scholarship rules for students 
in general, and general regulations. 

1 94 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Entrance Requirements 

The entrance requirements at Williams, Dartmouth, Wesleyan, 
Brown, Trinity, Tufts, and Bowdoin are 14^/^ points; Amherst 
has 14 points, Yale, 15, Harvard, 15J^, and Princeton, 16 points. 
Amherst allows a greater number of half point credits than some 
other colleges, which makes it possible for a man to enter with 
14 points; the greater number of students, however, present 14^^ 

Amherst, Williams, Dartmouth, Wesleyan, Brown, and Yale 
require four years of entrance Latin for the A. B. degree, the 
rest three. There is an option of three years of entrance Greek 
at Amherst, Wesleyan, Brown, Trinity, Tufts, Harvard (two 
years), and Princeton; at the others no such option is given. 
Dartmouth, Wesleyan, Brown, Tufts, Bowdoin, Yale, Har- 
vard, and Princeton have a B. S. course requiring no ancient 
language for entrance; Amherst, Williams, and Trinity have 
no such course. 

Special Scholarship Rules for Freshmen 

Freshmen cannot compete at Dartmouth, Yale, Harvard, and 

Freshmen can compete only the second half year at Amherst, 
Williams, and Wesleyan. 

Freshmen can compete the whole year at Brown, Trinity, 
Tufts, and Bowdoin. 

At Amherst freshmen are not allowed to represent the College 
if they have an entrance condition or a college condition or an 
average grade of below 70% (diploma grade). In most of the 
other colleges there are no special restrictions for freshmen. 
(The passing mark in each subject at Amherst is 60% and a 
student to graduate must have an average of 70% for the entire 

Regulations for Students in General 

At Amherst two semester delinquencies debar. This is also 
the rule at Williams, Dartmouth, Brown, Trinity, and Tufts. 
At the other institutions it is about equivalent, but not so defi- 

Amherst Athletics 195 

nitely expressed. At Amherst a student is debarred within the 
semester if he is below passing in three subjects, at WilHams 
if below in two, at Dartmouth in one, at the others if he has "un- 
satisfactory work," if "warned," "on probation," etc. 

Special students cannot compete at Wesleyan, Tufts, and 
Trinity, and until after a year's residence at Amherst, Williams, 
Harvard, and Princeton. No rule obtains in other colleges. 

None of the colleges allows a graduate student to compete, 
except Yale and Tufts. 

All have the one-year transfer rule. 

No one allows a student to compete more than four years or 
four years less the term of his disbarment in freshman year. 

All have adopted the amateur rule except Brown, Trinity, and 

To summarize, the scholastic and other requirements at Am- 
herst compare very closely with those of the other colleges listed, 
but especially with those of her rivals, Williams, Wesleyan, and 
Dartmouth. In points for entrance Amherst's requirement is 
one-half point less than that at Dartmouth and Williams. Wil- 
liams does not allow a Greek option, Dartmouth and Amherst do. 
Dartmouth and Wesleyan offer, however, a B. S. course with- 
out ancient language requirement for entrance; Amherst and 
Williams do not. At Amherst, Williams, and Wesleyan fresh- 
men can play the second half year; at Dartmouth they cannot 
play at all. At Amherst there are special rules of a scholastic 
nature for freshmen; at Wesleyan and Williams none. There 
is little difference in the scholastic rules for students in general, 
except that Dartmouth appears to be more strict in matters of 
intra- term examination. There is no difference in the general 
regulations of the colleges covering the playing of "specials" 
or graduates, or in the one-year transfer rule, or total years al- 
lowed for representation, or in the amateur rule. 

3. Amherst's athletic record 

A survey of the relation of Amherst College to intercollegiate 
athletics as indicated by figures and a graphic chart showed 
that Amherst had been as in required exercise a pioneer in the 

1 96 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

inception and growth of collegiate and intercollegiate athletics. 
She played with Williams and won the first game of intercol- 
legiate baseball in 1859, and has played the game regularly since 
'64. In 1870 Amherst entered intercollegiate rowing and in '72 
won the famous six-oared boat race at Springfield in record time. 
In '77 she entered Rugby football, playing a game with Tufts. 
Amherst joined the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of Amer- 
ica as far back as 1886 and sent her representatives to the old 
"Mott Haven games." In 1887, with a few other New England 
colleges, she formed the New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association, and has been a prominent figure in it for twenty- 
seven years. In tennis, basket-ball, hockey, swimming, gym- 
nastics, and golf she has been a moving spirit. 

The chart w^hich showed the competitive standing of Amherst 
in intercollegiate sport indicated a considerable variation in base- 
ball and football seasons during the earlier years, up to '87, the 
teams winning from 0% to 100% of games played, with an aver- 
age somewhat below 50%. From 1887 to 1914, while averag- 
ing closely 50%, the curves for these sports show two important 
rises; the first between '90 and '96, when both in baseball and 
football x\mherst had remarkable teams, the second from 1902 
to 1906. This was particularly notable for the success of the 
football team; the baseball team kept up its good record until 
1910, since when it has slightly declined. These two periods 
were notable, not alone for the generally high record of games 
won, but for great victories over our chief rivals, Dartmouth and 
Williams, as well as occasional ones over Harvard, Yale, or 

In track Amherst had a fine record from the beginning, vying 
with Dartmouth for first place in the New England Intercol- 
legiate Athletic Association 1887 to 1893, falling off slightly from 
1894 to 1897, but in 1901 coming again to the top, where she stayed 
until 1905. Since this date Amherst has steadily declined in 
track athletics, if we may use the New England meeting as an 
index. She has, however, developed during this period good dual 
meet teams. If we divide the epoch since 1900 into five-year 
periods, we find the average for the periods in baseball and foot- 
ball vary nearly the same. The percentage of victories in base- 
ball, 1900-1914, is 50.2; that for 1910-1914 is 49.4. The per- 

Amherst Athletics 197 

centage of victories in football 1900 to 1914 is 50; in 1911-1914 
(four years) is 44. In track teams only has there been a deterio- 
ration; in this sport the last five years have been the worst in 
its history. 

During the last five years several minor sports have come to the 
front, notably tennis, which has attained a position never equalled 
in its history. Swimming since its inception as an intercolle- 
giate sport in 1908 has steadily gained prestige. The College 
has at present the best team it has ever produced. Heavy gym- 
nastics have also been developed and the intercollegiate gym 
team has brought credit to the College. Consequently we may 
say that taken by groups of years, which are sufficient to give 
a fair index of our competitive athletic standing, we are at least 
keeping up the good record of previous years in football and 

It should also be noted that the total number of students at 
Amherst, which increased steadily from 1900 to 1911, has since 
then declined, while at Wesleyan, Williams, and particularly at 
Dartmouth the enrollment has increased. 

The Committee believes that the most important factors in 
placing Amherst's athletics on a more successful basis are the 
securing of more and better athletic material and improving to 
some extent the internal conditions of the College which affect 
athletics. It is difficult for a college of four hundred students 
to compete successfully with a college having twice that num- 
ber, and the Committee believes that if the Alumni of the Col- 
lege in each locality will undertake to do constructive work 
which will send to Amherst each year young men who are good 
athletes as well as good scholars, this element in the situation 
will be largely removed. 

The Committee believes that a well trained, active freshman 
football team is of the greatest assistance in developing a good 
'Varsity team, and that the freshman-sophomore competitions 
tend to bring out good material and arouse an interest which is 
likely to be lacking in the absence of a freshman organization. 

The Committee believes that the present requirements regulat- 
ing participation by freshmen and other undergraduates in 
'Varsity athletics are wise ones and it approves unqualifiedly 
the high scholastic standards of the College. 

igS Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

It has been the practice at Amherst to choose a coach for a 
few years and then to choose another. There has been no sus- 
tained athletic poHcy extending over a series of years. The 
Committee believes that this is an element of weakness and 
that, as soon as possible, an effort should be made to secure per- 
manent football and baseball coaches who will be responsible 
for the development of a definite coaching policy. 

In the belief that the athletic situation can be thereby im- 
proved it respectfully recommends to the Faculty: 

That a freshman football team be permitted to be organized 
with its own coach, the team to have the privilege of playing 
one outside game in addition to a freshman-sophomore game. 

It recommends to the Alumni: 

That Alumni Associations and individual alumni offer schol- 
arships under the conditions of the Rhodes scholarships, and 
organize within themselves to increase the number of the Stu- 
dent Body. 

The Committee also recommends that the standing committee 
on athletics of the Alumni Council be composed of three mem- 
bers, one of whom should be familiar with football, one with 
baseball, and one with track. Such a committee would be par- 
ticularly well qualified to keep in touch with the condition of the 
various major sports and to make recommendations, suggestions, 
or criticisms of the policy pursued in connection with the coach- 
ing of major sports and the efiiciency and personnel of the coach- 
ing staff. This committee would cooperate with the Student 
Council and the Physical Education Department in the endeavor 
to formulate a definite coaching policy and secure the most suc- 
cessful financial administration. 

College Songs 199 


[After Amherst Alumni Reunion, Boston] 

THE glorious songs of College Boys, 
Wild, jubilant, and free, 
When every youth his voice would raise 
Joyous as victory! 
Those sparkling rhymes of wit and fun 
That flashed from tongues of flame, 
Inspiriting each college son 
Enlisted for life's game! 


O glorious songs of College Days! 

With boyish vim we sung them then: 
Deep echoes in our souls they raise, 
Those merry songs of College Days, — 

And still we sing, as meji! 

"Lord Geoffrey Amherst," — fierce for strife 

For enemies looks round : — 
"The Pope he leads a jolly life"; — 

Old "Lauriger," — may sound: — 
"Cheers for Old Amherst," — echoes far, 

"Hail, Alma Mater," — loud its call, — 
"Cock Robin" — "Stein Song" — "Last Cigar" 

And "Dearest College of them All." 


200 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

And of all music that may thrill 

And charm with grand appeal, 
No other strains the heart more fill, 

Or stir souls quick to feel, 
Than those enraptured voices sung, 

When breaking through the air 
Volcanic bursts of chorus rung 

As clouds the lightnings tear! 


Nor rolling drum nor bugle blast 

E'er gave more telling speech 
In Memory's echoing halls to last. 

Or thro long years to reach 
A helping hand, — to nerve the power 

Men strong in heart would wield, — 
Than those brave songs that cheered each hour, 

Or won th' athletic field! 


TheTrOPHY 201 



AT the last Commencement the Amherst Reunion Trophy 
completed the first ten years of its history. The Deed 
of Gift of the Trophy records the desire of the donors 
"to commemorate and promote the enthusiastic expression of 
College loyalty and class spirit among the alumni of Amherst 
College." The remarkable success with which the Trophy has 
accomplished this purpose, makes it interesting at this time to 
review the history of the Cup. 

As is known to most Quarterly readers, the Trophy is a 
handsome silver loving cup, eighteen inches high, having three 
panels. One panel contains the dedicatory inscription; one 
panel is reserved as a space for new records that may be estab- 
lished in reunion attendance, and the third panel contains the 
name and attendance record of the class scoring the best per- 
centage of attendance at each Commencement. The original 
Deed of Gift, dated May 1, 1904, convej^ed the Trophy to Willard 
H. Wheeler, '84, John E. Oldham, '88, Arthur C. James, '89, 
James P. Woodruff, '91, and Henry T. Noyes, '94, to be held by 
them and their successors as trustees for all of the Alumni of 
Amherst, the cup to be maintained "as a perpetual trophy of 
College loyalty and class spirit." There has been only one 
change in the membership of the Trophy trustees. Prof. W. L. 
Cowles, '78, having been elected in place of Mr. Oldham, re- 
signed. The original donors of the Cup were the Classes of 
Fifty-four, Sixty-four, Sixty-nine, Seventy-four, Seventy-nine, 
Eighty-four, Eighty-nine, Ninety-one, Ninety-four, Ninety-eight, 
Nineteen one and Nineteen three. 

On May 15, 1904, the Trustees adopted the rules governing 
the Trophy competition. These rules have remained unchanged, 
except for one minor amendment adopted June 20, 1904. The 
rules provide briefly for a uniform basis of competition. They 
have been found simple in their operation, and the keen inter- 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

est shown in the competition bears witness to the fairness with 
which the rules were devised. Provision is made for a Cup 
Committee at each Commencement, made up of one representa- 
tive from each competing class. The Committee has juris- 
diction under the rules, to adjust all questions relating to the 
competition for that year. The class winning the cup each 
year, holds it until the next Commencement. 

The first Trophy competition began on June 26, 1904, and 
closed at noon on June 29, 1904. Prior to that time, the best 
record for attendance had been held by the Class of 1878, which 
scored approximately 60% at its Quarter-centennial reunion 
in 1903. In the first year of the Trophy Competition, this rec- 
ord was improved by more than 23 points, when a new record 
was set at 83}^%. In 1909 a still higher record of 85 i^% was 
established. At every Commencement since the establish- 
ment of the Trophy, one or more classes have scored percentages 
higher than the record which prevailed prior to 1904. 

When the Trophy was inaugurated, many persons predicted 
that the only competitors would be the Decennial class and the 
Quarter-centennial class each year, and that the contest would 
soon become an uninteresting affair in which the easy victory 
of the Decennial class would be an invariable and foregone con- 
clusion. The event has not vindicated this prediction. The 
following table shows the number of times that a Decennial class 
has won the place in the Trophy competition, and similar statis- 
tics for other reunions : 


First Place 

Second Place 

Third Pl 


4 times 

3 times 

1 time 


2 times 


1 time 

Vicennial (20th) 

2 times 

2 times 

1 time 


1 time 

2 times 

3 times 


1 time 

1 time 

1 time 

Sexennial (6th) 

1 time 


1 time 



1 time 

1 time 



1 time 

1 time 



1 time 





1 time 

In three out of the eleven competitions, the Decennial class 
has dropped below third place, on one occasion finishing fourth, 
on another fifth, and on another eighth. The best record made 
thus far, 85}/^%, was scored at a Quindecennial reunion. The 

The Trophy 


most exciting contest was that held in 1906, when the Semi- 
centennial class of 1856 defeated the Decennial class of 1896 by 
.55 of one per cent. 

The notable thing about the Trophy has been the way in 
which it has stimulated attendance at all reunions. The fol- 
lowing table gives an interesting summary of the best showings 
made, when the Decennial reunion of one class is compared with 
the Decennial reunion of all other classes, and similarly for the 
Triennial reunion and others: 





Per Cent Class Per Cent 


Nineteen Three 


Nineteen Eleven 



Nineteen Eight 


Nineteen Six 



Nineteen Two 


Nineteen Hundred 





Nineteen Two 










































Each of the foregoing records is considerably higher than 
the figure of the corresponding reunion for the best year prior 
to 1904. 

The following table of all scores over 50% affords further strik- 
ing evidence of the wide influence that the Trophy has exerted 
in bringing loyal alumni back to Amherst for Commencement: 

Rank Class 

1 Ninety-Four 


2 Nineteen Two 

3 Ninety-Three 

4 Fifty-Six 

5 Ninety-Six 


6 Eighty 

7 Ninety-Seven 

8 Ninety-Five 

9 Ninety-Nine 

10 Nineteen Hundred 


11 Ninety 

12 Eighty-Four 

Nineteen Two 



Per Cent 

















































204 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Rank Class Reunion Date Per Cent 

13 Fifty-Nine Semi-centennial 1909 61.1 

Eighty-Four Thirtieth 1914 59.74 

Eighty Thirtieth 1910 59.15 

Eighty-Four Quarter-centennial 1909 58.02 

14 Nineteen Eight Triennial 1911 57.72 

15 Eighty-Six Quarter-centennial 1911 57.5 

16 Eighty-Nine Quarter-centennial 1914 56.31 

17 Seventy-Seven Thirty-Fifth 1912 55.39 

18 Nineteen Six Triennial 1909 54.86 

19 Eighty-Eight Quarter-centennial 1913 54.64 

20 Seventy-Nine Quarter-centennial 1904 54.6 

21 Fifty-Eight Semi-centennial 1908 54.16 

Ninety-Five Quindecennial 1910 54.02 

Eighty-Nine Vicennial 1909 52.88 

Ninety-Seven Quindecennial 1912 52.46 

22 Sixty-Eight Forty-fifth 1913 51.85 

Eighty-Five Quarter-centennial 1910 51.77 

23 Nineteen Nine Triennial 1912 51.28 

24 Nineteen One Decennial 1911 51.11 

Nineteen Hundred Sexennial 1906 50.5 

In all of the foregoing figures, the score given is a percentage 
of living members of a class who were present at the respective 
reunions. This is, of course, the only basis on which a com- 
petition between classes of unequal size could be conducted 
fairly. The following are the best records of attendance in 
point of actual numbers present: 

Class Reunion Date Attendance 

Ninety-Six Decennial 1906 99 

Nineteen Two Decennial 1912 91 

Ninety-Six Quindecennial 1911 85 

Ninety-Seven Decennial 1907 83 

Although but ten years old, the Trophy has already taken 
a permanent place among the cherished traditions and customs 
of Amherst. The spirit of "rivalry in loyalty" which the Cup 
has fostered, has already been of generous value to the College 
and promises to be of increasing value. So far as can be learned, 
no other college had ever observed any such custom as this, 
and the Trophy idea is believed to have been entirely original 
with Amherst. Since the custom was adopted at Amherst, 
several other colleges have considered adopting it. 

The idea of the Trophy was first suggested by Mr. Henry T. 
Noyes of Rochester, New York. To his enthusiastic work is 
also due the bringing together of a number of classes in the joint 
establishment of a prize that was substantial enough and had 
sufficient general interest back of it to insure prompt recogni- 
tion. Since the establishment of the Trophy, he has worked 

The Trophy 205 

indefatigably in his capacity as trustee, to enlist the hearty par- 
ticipation of all classes in the Trophy idea. His appreciation 
of the value of that idea to the College, and his enthusiasm have 
been an important factor in stimulating the interest of many 
strong classes. It is not too much to say that this is one of the 
most valuable pieces of alumni work that have ever been done 
for the College. 

The Trophy competition next Commencement promises to 
be one of the most actively contested and interested battles yet 
fought for the Cup. Several classes of unusual strength will 
meet in Amherst in June, and a number of them already have 
old scores to pay off, from previous contests. According to 
the precedent of the last two years, the Vicennial class should 
win the Trophy. Ninety-five is a class of the strongest College 
spirit and class spirit. Ten years ago it pressed '80 very close 
for first place in one of the most exciting competitions the Trophy 
has witnessed. Eighty, which won out in the race of ten years 
ago, and established the quarter-centennial record of 69.8% has 
always been a very strong class. It finished a good third in the 
race five years ago, and holds the second best record of 59.15% 
for its thirtieth reunion. 

The class of '90, which was the first class to hold a big Vicen- 
nial reunion, came within 1.5 points of winning the Cup five 
years ago. They are making special preparations for their 
Quarter-centennial this year, and the presence of the Governor 
of New York is expected to make the reunion a memorable one. 

Nineteen hundred, which defeated '90 in the spirited contest 
five years ago, made a remarkable showing also at its Sexennial 
reunion, when it won third place. It has the second best Sex- 
ennial score that has been made. 

The twentieth and twenty-fifth reunion of the class of '85 
give promise of a large attendance this year. The memorial 
addressed to the Board of Trustees by the class at its last re- 
union, which attracted attention throughout the country, has un- 
doubtedly strengthened the spirit of the class considerably. 

It will surprise those who have followed the career of 1905 
if its Decennial reunion is not one of the best ever held; and past 
performances of 1900 and 1911 give indication of a record-break- 
ing Triennial and Sexennial this year. 

2o6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Cfte amftetst Illmttioiifi 



[Reprinted, with the accompanying portrait, by permission from the Johns Hop- 
kins Alumni Magazine] ' 

AFTER thirty years of peculiarly intimate association; 
with Frank Goodnow, as colleague and friend, it might i 
seem easy for me to comply with the request to fur- 
nish an appreciation of his qualities and achievements. But! 
just appreciation is in any case difficult; and when its statement i 
is hampered by such seK-restraint as one must exercise in writ- \ 
ing of a friend, it may easily fail to be adequate. The safest i 
course is to describe the man and his work, leaving appreciation i 
to others. i 

In the autumn of 1880, when the School of Political Science, i 
organized by Dr. Burgess, was opened at Columbia, I had just | 
been appointed instructor in that college and lecturer in the new ] 
school. In the same autumn Frank Goodnow entered the Colum- ' 
bia Law School. Between the College proper and the Law School, '■■ 
separated by more than two miles of brick and mortar and by ! 
almost complete ignorance of each other, the new School of ' 
Political Science formed a first connecting link. It was a peri- ; 
patetic school : its few instructors taught history and economics i 
in East Forty-ninth Street, and public law and jurisprudence 
in Great Jones Street. To the faculty of the Law School in- i 
struction in these latter subjects seemed an unnecessary luxury, i 
if not an objectionable distraction; provision for such instruc- 1 
tion was a singular whim of an inscrutable providence, repre- | 
sented by the Board of Trustees. To the students of the 
Law School, as to nearly all American law students of that 
time (and to many of this), public law and jurisprudence seemed 
purely ornamental additions to a legal education. Nor could 

Frank Johnson Goodnow 207 

all the ornaments offered be had for nothing. Constitutional 
law and international law, indeed, could be taken without addi- 
tional expense, because Dr. Burgess was a member of the Law 
Faculty; but jurisprudence cost fifty dollars extra, because I 
was not. Accordingly when, in the autumn of 1881, I began 
to lecture in the Law School, I was agreeably surprised to find 
that, in spite of traditional and economic checks, a handful of 
law students was assembled to hear me. Today when I remem- 
ber that I was then a raw instructor, not yet twenty-seven years 
old, and that I had the temerity to offer, in a novel field of op- 
tional study, a course of six hours a week through the year, I 
find that preliminary success more inexplicable than it seemed 
at the time. Not unnaturally I felt then, and have since cher- 
ished, a peculiarly lively feeling of gratitude and friendship for 
the young men whose adventurous spirit brought them under 
my instruction, and whose appreciation (or unwillingness to 
admit that they had wasted a considerable sum of money) kept 
them there for eight months. One of these men was Frank 
Goodnow, who was also pursuing all the courses offered by Dr. 

The program of studies in the new school included adminis- 
trative law; and in the autumn of 1882 Mr. Clifford Bateman, 
a graduate of the Columbia Law School, who had prepared him- 
self for work in this field by foreign study, began his lectures. 
These were interrupted by an illness which proved fatal. Good- 
now, who had meanwhile completed the Columbia law course 
and had entered the law office of Judge Dillon, was asked to 
abandon the practice of his profession, pursue further legal study 
abroad, and fill the vacant place in our faculty. The same 
cwpiditas rerum novarum which had brought him into my lec- 
ture room — and which is now perhaps in part responsible for 
leading him, at the age of fifty -five, into a new career — was 
shown in his prompt acceptance of the invitation. After a 
year of study in Paris and Berlin, he began lecturing at Colum- 
bia in the autumn of 1884. In 1887 he was advanced to the 
grade of adjunct professor, and in 1891 to that of professor of 
administrative law. For a number of years he also taught his- 
tory in the College. 

2o8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Goodnow's work in the Law School began under the disad- 
vantages which I have already indicated in describing my own 
work there. Against him also the economic check was opera- 
tive for a number of years. In spite of these hindrances, his 
lectures attracted a fair number of students. To those who 
sought the doctorate he suggested concrete investigations in 
American government, and his own literary production was 
soon supplemented by that of his disciples. Many of these 
obtained teaching positions in other institutions or colleges; 
and when the American Political Science Association was formed, 
a few years ago, and Goodnow was chosen as its first president, 
a considerable portion of its other officers were former students 
of the Columbia School who had worked largely under his 

The check which educational tradition imposes upon the 
development of new subjects worked perhaps more strongly 
against Goodnow than against any of his colleagues in our fac- 
ulty. In 1880, when it was announced that instruction was 
to be given in this subject — it must not be forgotten that here, as 
in many other matters, the initiative came from Dr. Burgess — 
few English or American lawyers were aware that there was 
such a department of legal science; and, among those who knew 
that it was recognized in continental Europe, the prevailing 
opinion was that no such branch of the law could be said to ex- 
ist in countries governed by the English common law. That 
no such question is now raised — that administrative law is 
now taught in other American universities and that there is a 
rapidly growing literature of the subject — is mainly due to 
Goodnow's labors as teacher and writer. In the work of explor- 
ing and mapping the domain of administrative law in the United 
States, he naturally began with the developed European theory, 
and proceeded to inquire how far the law of England and of 
this country, common and statutory, dealing with what a French 
or German lawyer would call administrative matters — mat- 
ters connected with the organization of the administration and 
with the control of its action — resembled the administrative 
law of France and of Germany, and in what respect the solution 
of the same problems in England and in the United States dif- 
fered from that worked out in continental Europe. The result 

Frank Johnson Goodnow 209 

of these investigations, presented in part in articles published in 
the Political Science Quarterly and elsewhere, were incorporated 
in his "Comparative Administrative Law," which appeared 
in 1893. Of this book Dr. Powell writes: 

"Owing to the absence of any forerunner in the English lan- 
guage dealing with administrative law as a whole, the import- 
ance of Dr. Goodnow's survey of the experience of foreign coun- 
tries in solving their administrative problems can hardly be 
overestimated. By means of this survey he was enabled to set 
the stakes for the field of American administrative law and to 
mark out the boundaries within which a distinct branch of legal 
learning Vvas to develop." 

The American field once staked off, Goodnow's work was in- 
creasingly concentrated within it. In his lectures and writings, 
comparison between European and American developments was 
gradually supplanted by more intensive study of American 
problems, until, in 1905, he published his "Principles of the 
Administrative Law of the United States." During these years 
his instruction adapted itself more and more fully to the needs 
of the professional student and conformed more and more to 
the methods of the professional school. In 1905 and 1906 he 
published a volume of "Cases on Taxation" and two other vol- 
umes of "Cases in Administrative Law," dealing chiefly with the 
law of officers and with extraordinary legal remedies. 

Almost from the outset Goodnow was especially interested in 
that field of government in which Americans seem to have been 
least successful — municipal administration. In his first book 
on this subject, "Municipal Home Rule" (1895), he character- 
istically began again with the problem of delimitation. He en- 
deavored to ascertain, in the light of European experience as 
well as by consideration of American conditions, what activ- 
ities of city government are properly municipal, as distinguished 
from those which, although conducted by municipal officers, 
are properly state activities. This book was followed, two 
years later, by his "Municipal Problems." These volumes were 
so favorably received that when, in 1903, chairs of municipal 
science and administration, endowed by Dorman B. Eaton, 
were established at Harvard and at Columbia, Goodnow was 
regarded by the authorities of each of these universities as the 

210 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

obvious appointee. He elected to remain at Columbia, where 
he has since held the Eaton professorship. He further justified 
his incumbency of this chair by publishing, in 1904, a book on 
"City Government in the United States," and, in 1909, a more 
general work on "Municipal Government," which gives a his- 
torical and comparative survey of city government in Europe 
and in the United States. These have found wide use, both as 
textbooks and as books of reference. Nor had Goodnow's work 
in this field been purely academic and literary. He has been a 
member of an unofficial committee which drafted a model city 
charter, of a committee appointed by the governor of New York 
which prepared a charter for New York City, and of a commis- 
sion appointed by the mayor of New York City to study the 
problem of congestion of population. Dr. McBain says: 

"As a writer and as an enthusiastic cooperator in organized 
movements for the promotion of better city government in the 
United States, Dr. Goodnow has contributed in no slight meas- 
ure to the development in America of that very modern spirit 
of interest in and understanding of things municipal, which is 
of so happy presage for our future progress. 

"The acquisition by the United States of insular dependencies 
led Goodnow to make a special study of colonial administration; 
and from 1902 until 1909, when new and onerous duties of in- 
struction were imposed upon him in another field, he lectured 
upon this subject. His study of the sources and literature was 
supplemented by extensive travel and direct study of British, 
Dutch and other tropical colonies. If his new presidential 
duties do not prove too exacting, it is to be hoped that some of 
the results of these investigations may be given to the public." 

When in 1909 Dr. Burgess withdrew from active teaching, 
Goodnow was charged with the conduct of instruction in Amer- 
ican constitutional law. He threw himself into this new work 
with the same zest with which, twenty-five years earlier, he 
had entered the neighboring field of administrative law. His 
previous work gave him a somewhat novel point of view. He 
had been concerned with the mechanism and processes of gov- 
ernmental action, and when he began to study in detail our 
constitutional limitations, his attitude was more critical than 
that of most American constitutional lawyers. He was dis~ 

Frank Johnson Coodnow 211 

posed to ask whether, in our car of state, the number and effi- 
ciency of the brakes was not out of proportion to the propelling 
power, and whether these brakes were not being applied more 
frequently and with greater force than was required either by 
the letter of the Constitution or by the spirit in which it had on 
the whole been construed by the Supreme Court. In a series 
of articles, and finally, in his book on "Social Reform and the 
Constitution" (1911), he attempted to ascertain, as he himself 
states in his preface, "to what extent the Constitution of the 
United States in its present form is a bar to the adoption of the 
most important social reform measures which have been made 
parts of the reform program of the most progressive peoples of 
the present day." In dealing with concrete measures, he is 
careful to say that he has endeavored "to refrain from passing 
judgment on the desirability of such measures, and particularly 
from expressing any opinion as to their expediency in the condi- 
tions of present American life." He is concerned only with 
the question whether the restrictions which our constitutional 
law, as interpreted today, imposes upon changes widely advo- 
cated, are insurmountable. In many instances, when it seems 
clear that the direct path toward a particular goal is barred, he 
suggests other possible lines of approach. The book is in reality 
a contribution to what M. Ballot Beaupre has happily termed 
"evolutive" interpretation. A certain solidity is given to every 
interpretation or re-interpretation suggested, however novel it 
may at first appear, by showing that the Supreme Court of the 
United States has itself, in other instances, used analogous 
methods. It may be added that in this investigation Goodnow 
did not confine himself to questions of the day. One of the 
most interesting suggestions in the volume is the possibility of 
nationalizing our private law w^ithout constitutional amendment. 
All critics of Goodnow's writings have noted their practical 
spirit and tendency. In my long acquaintance and innumer- 
able discussions with him, I have been increasingly struck with 
the difference between his interests and those of many, perhaps 
of most, scholars and investigators. He has many of the best 
traits of the purely academic investigator; a skeptical attitude 
toward traditional theories; a suspended judgment where the 
evidence is conflicting; a desire to get at the facts, and great 

212 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

patience in his search for them. He has also the scholar's power 
of generalization. In spite of frequent and emphatic protests 
against "general principles," he himself presented the results 
of twenty years of work under the title of "Principles of Admin- 
istrative Law." Like the great German jurist Jhering, who said 
much bitterer things about principles, Goodnow is really hostile, 
not to generalizations as such, but to the tendency to regard 
generalizations as final, instead of treating them as working 
hypotheses. On the other hand, Goodnow differs from many 
scholars in his lack of interest in facts as such, or in theories as 
works of art. To him a fact is of little moment unless it proves 
something that is worth while, and a theory is important only 
in view of its effect upon social life. In purely legal reasoning 
his processes are commonly singularly direct, and he is impatient 
of subtleties that are merely clever; but when he has practical 
results to attain, his reasoning is as subtle and his distinctions 
are as ingenious as those of any judge or leader of the bar. In 
a word, he is a scholar doubled with and dominated by a man 
of action. Every subject which he has studied has interested 
him most keenly in the first years of his study. He soon 
exhausts, not the theoretical possibilities of investigation, but 
the practical possibility of reaching results which may be trans- 
lated into terms of social progress. This is why he has always 
been so ready to take up a new subject. This also explains the 
enthusiasm wdth which he has always thrown himself into w^ork 
on public committees and commissions. During the last three 
years wider opportunities of public service have been offered him 
and have been eagerly embraced. During this period, he has 
been at Columbia University only about six months. In 1911- 

1912 he was in Washington as a member of President Taft's 
Commission on Economy and Efficiency, and since the spring of 

1913 he has been acting as legal adviser to the Chinese Republic. 
In both of these positions he found much to interest him, but in 
both he experienced the disappointment natural to a man of action 
who finds that, owing to untoward circumstances, his labor is 
not likely to be fruitful of results. 

At Columbia, his practical bent, his uncommon sense, and his 
desire to get things done, to achieve results, have been of great 
value in the development of an old-fashioned college into a mod- 

Frank Johnson Goodnow 213 

ern university. The general plan of reorganization at Columbia, 
as everyone knows, was Dr. Burgess's; but Goodnow was one of 
the helpful workers in its detail elaboration. During the last 
thirty years he has constantly served on faculty or university 
committees and in administrative positions, and no man's judg- 
ment has been more highly valued by his colleagues. 

Always wholesome and invigorating to his colleagues has been 
his sense of realities. When, in a body of political scientists, he 
said, half jestingly and half seriously, that we were all really 
employed, for the most part, in finding out why men who had 
done things had done just what they did and in just the way they 
did; and when at another time he said: "We experts on munic- 
ipal government have drawn city charters along scientific lines, 
and things have remained pretty much as they were; but when a 
tidal wave strikes Galveston, and the business men, to meet an 
emergency, put the city in the hands of a board of directors, a 
new form of municipal government appears and is imitated in 
hundreds of American cities" — he not only added to the gaiety 
of academic life, but he helped us all to avoid the besetting sin 
of the specialist, and particularly, perhaps, of the academic 
specialist — that of taking himself too seriously. 

Goodnow comes about as near to knowing himself as the make- 
up of the human mind permits, and if there be error in his esti- 
mate, it is not on the side of overrating himself. And he is 
incapable of assuming a pose. No one who has the slightest 
acquaintance with him can take him for other than he has always 
shown himself — modest, unassuming, genuine. Add to these 
qualities a kindliness that is bred of sympathy, an aversion to 
strife, and a generosity that excludes malice or any touch of 
meanness, and it is easy to understand why no Columbia profes- 
sor has been more generally liked, as well as esteemed, by his 

It is not surprising that a man of Goodnow's temperament 
should be attracted by the opportunity for useful practical work 
that is offered him at Johns Hopkins; and those who knew him 
best are most assured that the Trustees of the University have 
made no mistake in calling him to its presidency. He will bring 
to this office, as to every task that he has assumed, an open 
mind and sound judgment. His personal qualities ought sen- 
sibly to smooth the often stony path of university administration. 

214 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

They should elicit the loyal support and strengthen the esprit 
de corps of the faculties. They should also bind more firmly 
to the University its old friends and win it new ones. 

The alumni and friends of the University should realize, how- 
ever, that if they are to make President Goodnow's services 
really useful, they must not set him a task like that over which 
Israel murmured in Egypt. They must not ask him to conduct 
a modern university and keep it abreast of the leading univer- 
sities of the world without adequate resources. 

Johns Hopkins and Amherst 215 



THE opening of the Johns Hopkins University in 1876 
gave to American students an opportunity for advanced 
instruction in their own country not hitherto enjoyed. 
Among the first to avail themselves of it were several Amherst 
graduates, two or three of whom, having already studied at for- 
eign institutions, soon became influential members of the teach- 
ing staff of the University and aided materially in enhancing its 
reputation as a seat of learning. From time to time others 
joined the Baltimore institution; some remained as members 
of its faculty, while a still larger number, after completing their 
graduate work, accepted positions in other universities. 

During the first decade of the University's activities thirty 
Amherst men became connected with it in one capacity or an- 
other and helped to create that splendid spirit of research which 
has dominated the University from the beginning and which 
has been so largely followed by other institutions. Altogether 
seventy-two Amherst men have been at the Johns Hopkins 
University since its foundation, either as instructors or as 

The number of Amherst graduates connected with the Uni- 
versity in the earlier days was greater than at present; at the 
opening of the second decade when the writer of this article 
became connected with its faculty, the number of Amherst men 
on the teaching staff was eight, against four from Yale, four from 
Princeton, and three from Harvard, or twice the number from 
any other single institution. A few years later the number of 
Amherst men had reached ten, the largest number present at 
any one time. Since then few new men from Amherst have 
been added, while several of the older and more prominent mem- 
bers of the staff have died or accepted positions elsewhere, so 
that today only four Amherst men are members of the faculty 
of the institution to fourteen from Yale, eight from Harvard, 
eight from Michigan, four from Princeton, and four from Penn- 

2i6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

But the influence of Amherst in Johns Hopkins University is 
not to be measured alone by numbers. Herbert B. Adams of 
the class of 1872 who, following several years of foreign study, 
came to the University soon after its foundation, organized the 
Historical Department with its then associated subjects of Eco- 
nomics and Political Science, making this group one of the most 
influential in the University. Adams drew about him a large 
number of enthusiastic students, some of whom are today prom- 
inent leaders in the field of American history; among whom may 
be mentioned J. F. Jameson of the class of 1879, long a valued 
associate of Adams and today the head of the Department of His- 
tory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Adams intro- 
duced new methods in the study of the materials of x^merican 
history which have been largely adopted elsewhere. He was 
also instrumental in establishing the American Historical Asso- 
ciation and was its secretary for many years. 

Harmon N. Morse of the class of 1873 also came to the Uni- 
versity in its early days and as the chief associate of Professor 
Remsen did much to aid in building up what has been the largest 
and perhaps the strongest department of chemistry in any Amer- 
ican university for nearly four decades since its establishment in 
1876. Morse's own work on osmotic pressure and in other lines 
has brought a great reputation to him and to the University, 
and now for several years he has been the head of the Chem- 
ical Department. Several hundred Doctors of Philosophy have 
come under his influence during the years he has been connected 
with the University, 

George Huntington Williams of the class of 1878 came to the 
Johns Hopkins University in 1883 and soon introduced to Amer- 
ican students the then little known subject of microscopical 
petrography. Beginning as an instructor in the Chemical De- 
partment he organized in a few years the Department of Geol- 
ogy, with which subsequently several Amherst men became 
associated. The brilliant investigations of Williams and his 
natural ability as a teacher gradually drew about him and his 
associates an enthusiastic body of students, some of whom are 
today holding places of great distinction in American geology. 

Among other Amherst graduates who took a prominent place 
in the University in early years may be mentioned Edward M. 

Johns Hopkins and Amherst 217 

Hartwell of the class of 1873, who organized the work in Phys- 
ical Instruction and was Gymnasium Director for many years; 
also F. M. Warren of the class of 1880, who was for a long period 
connected with the Romance Department. 

The Johns Hopkins University now welcomes as its head an- 
other Amherst man in Frank J. Goodnow of the class of 1879, 
who comes to us after attaining distinction elsewhere. The 
institution looks forward to a period of still larger development 
under his direction. 

During the years since 1876 over twenty Amherst men as 
instructors, lecturers, and professors have helped to develop 
the University, and if not today the largest element in its fac- 
ulty the Amherst men still exert an important influence in its 

Before closing this brief statement regarding the benefits 
which the Johns Hopkins has derived from Amherst, a few words 
should be said regarding the contribution which the Johns Hop- 
kins University has made to Amherst College. Altogether ten 
Johns Hopkins graduates have occupied positions on the Am- 
herst faculty, some of whom are today actively engaged in in- 
struction there. Among those who have been or are connected 
with Amherst College at different periods may be mentioned 
Arthur L. Kimball in Physics; Arthur J. Hopkins, Howard H. 
Doughty, and John B. Zinn in Chemistry; W. S. Symington, 
W. A. Nitze, Arthur H. Baxter, H. Carrington Lancaster, and 
William A. Stowell in Romance Languages; and Herbert P. 
Houghton in Latin. 

It is to be hoped that a relationship so fruitful in results to both 
institutions in the past may be continued in the years to come, 
and that Amherst men may look to the Johns Hopkins University 
as holding out a peculiar welcome to them. Amherst is well 
and favorably known amongst us and the Amherst spirit in our 
midst has been an asset of great value during all these years. 

2i8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Cl)e 15oofe Cable 

Edward Warren Capen. Sociological Progress in Mission Lands. 

In this book Professor Capen has made a vahiable contribution not merely to 
missionary literature but to sociological science. Those who believe in reform 
from within outward will find here abundant cause for encouragement. The 
statistics of the Bombay plague of 1898 are convincing of the sanitary values of 
Christianity. Among the low caste Hindus the death rate was 52.95 per thou- 
sand; among the Moslems, 45.93; among the native Christians, 8.75. Friends 
of foreign missions to whom many of the facts in a general way are familiar, will 
rejoice to have the economic and humanitarian aspects of the mission enterprise 
set clearly before western readers whose Christianity is preeminently practical. 
Sociologists who recognize the futility of hoping for a sound national life while the 
mothers of a race are degraded and superstitious will be ready to acknowledge 
their debt to the Christian missions that enroll over 300,000 girls in. their schools, 
and teach them self-respect. In every heathen land Christianity has done its 
most fundamental work in replacing the bestiality of the prevailing sex relations 
with the sacred institution of the home, the foundation of national life. 

The greatest problem that social science in Japan, China, and India has to 
confront is how to carry races with inherited social and economic systems over 
to the wider ground of the twentieth century without the loss of many valuable 
racial and personal qualities. In this critical task the missionary has been the 
only safe leader. An active religious principle has been the strongest safeguard 
against moral recklessness and ruthless industrialism. Christian missions, which 
began with a simple preaching of the Gospel, have remained true to their original 
purpose of converting the individual; but the vigor of the essential principle has 
caused the raissionarj' enterprise to bear fruit in a new home life, educational 
institutions, hospitals, and industrial enterprises from which is emerging the 
social reconstruction of heathen lands. Dr. Capen's point of view is modern, 
his knowledge of the subject extensive and his sympathies wide. The style is 
clear and convincing. The support of the argument by the citation of concrete 
cases maintains the interest throughout. 

Lewis F. Reed. 

The Alumni Council 


SDfflcial anD pergonal 



The second annual meeting of the 
Alumni Council, held at the Hotel 
Biltmore, New York City, on February 
24th, again brought out the fact that 
a group of able, interested alumni, 
representing every class and every 
Alumni Association are at work for the 
College. Members were present from 
New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Wor- 
cester, Northampton, Amherst, Glas- 
tonbury and New Britain, Conn., 
Providence, R. I., Washington, D. C, 
Chicago, and Livingston, Mont. The 
reports of committees presented at 
this meeting showed that in the short 
time in which the Council has been 
organized, definite results have been 
obtained along various lines. By en- 
listing for the College the financial 
support of the general body of the 
alumni, by giving the College a wider 
publicity through the public press and 
the Graduates' Quarterly, by com- 
ing in closer contact with Amherst 
teachers and with those who are inter- 
ested in learning about Amherst, by 
obtaining a more comprehensive idea 
of Amherst athletics as they are now 
administered, and by taking the lead 
in other matters affecting the welfare 
of the College, the Council has shown 
distinctly its possibility for usefulness. 

The report of the Committee on 
Alumni Fund was encouraging, and 
the generosity of the various classes 
which held reunions at Amherst last 

June cannot but be gratifying to every 
friend of the College. It seems as if a 
plan had been found by which the man 
who can do but little can join with the 
man of means and render the College 
a service in some way commensurate 
with the affection and loyalty each one 
has for her. The report showed that 
seventeen thousand dollars in high- 
grade securities and thirty-seven hun- 
dred dollars in money had been trans- 
ferred to the Committee by the old 
Alumni Fund Committee. Forty-one 
thousand dollars was pledged last 
Commencement, of which amount 
thirty-three thousand has been paid in 
to the Treasurer of the College. The 
cash balance of the Fund amounts to 
thirty-eight thousand dollars and the 
Committee has recommended that 
thirty-five thousand dollars of this be 
invested. The President of the College 
informed the Council that for the cur- 
rent year the College will need only five 
hundred dollars of the seventy-five 
hundred dollars pledged last year for 
instruction purposes and this amount 
was appropriated for such purpose. 
"It is greatly to be hoped that the 
classes that gather at Amherst next 
June will give enthusiastic second to 
the splendid precedent established 
last year, and that these reunion gifts 
will soon become a permanent and 
inspiring feature of the Commencement 
reunion. There is no question but 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

that the alumni welcome such an 
opportunity for discharging some of 
their indebtedness to the College and 
there is no reason why the custom 
should not become a very important 
addition to Amherst's financial re- 

For the present it has seemed best 
to make no drafts upon the Alumni 
Fund except for strictly College pur- 
poses and to finance the Council's 
administrative expenses and its other 
activities through a Council Fund. 
The needs of this Fund have been 
supplied for the moment by the very 
generous gifts of a small number of 
alumni. Other contributions, how- 
ever, will soon be needed and there 
are certainly many alumni who will 
want to have a part in carrying on the 
Council work. The subscriptions thus 
far received for this Fund have ranged 
from two dollars to one thousand 

The Executive Committee have 
been authorized to assume the neces- 
sary financial responsibility for main- 
taining the Graduates' Quarterly for 
two years. The Quarterly has been 
made the ofBci<al publication of the 
Council and plans are now being for- 
mulated by the Editor-in-Chief and the 
Publication Committee of the Council 
for extending the Quarterly's work 
and influence during the coming year. 

The value of the public press as a 
means of extending the work of the 
College has been realized by the Coun- 
cil and the report of the Publicity Com- 
mittee showed that definite work has 
been begun in giving to the papers of 
the country reports of Amherst work 
and life. 

The Committee on Secondary 
Schools is preparing a booklet de- 
scriptive of Amherst for general dis- 
tribution among prospective students 

and others who are interested in the 
College. The Committee has written 
to Amherst teachers, to Amherst 
alumni having sons about to enter 
college, and to a large number of 
prospective students. 

The Executive Committee of the 
Council received a cummunication 
from a number of representative 
alumni urging that steps be taken to 
amend the Charter of the College and 
abolish the distinction between lay 
and clerical trustees. It was voted 
that in the opinion of the alumni the 
Charter should be so amended and that 
the Council proceed to ascertain the 
sentiment of the alumni by ballot, and 
if the sentiment of the alumni as ex- 
pressed by a majority shall be in favor 
of abolishing the requirement that 
seven trustees be clergymen the Coun- 
cil shall take such steps as may be 
necessary to have the Charter amended 
to that end. 

Professor John M. Tyler, Chairman 
of the Committee on Religious Work, 
which was formerly the Alumni Advis- 
ory Committee of the Christian Associa- 
tion, reported that the religious life of 
the College has never been more 
healthy, vigorous, and active than 
during the past year. It has changed 
somewhat in form, expression, and mode 
of activity. While in these changes we 
have lost some things that were good, 
we have gained far more and things 
which are better adapted to present 
needs and opportunities. But there has 
been steady growth and more efficient 
loyalty to the religious life and prin- 
ciples which the College was founded 
to maintain. 

"The resignation of Mr. Greene, 
the Association Secretary, at the close 
of this year emphasizes to us all the 
loss of continuity and thus of effi- 
ciency by the almost annual change of 

The Alumni Council 


secretaries of the Association. Ex- 
perience has proved that the relig- 
ious work of the College can be best 
and most efficiently maintained and 
guided by a more permanent religious 
director who can be at the same time 
a secretary of the Association and a 
leader of the activities of the church. 
This director should be a religious 
thinker and a religious leader. He 
should be qualified to take his place 
on the faculty of the College as a 
student and teacher of religious ex- 
perience. He should be a man of such 
personal power and quality that he 
can inspire and direct the religious 
activities of the College community, 
keeping them intelligent, strong, and 
vital." The trustees are now en- 
deavoring to find the right man for 
this position. 

The lawn fete on Tuesday night 
of Commencement week is to be held 
as usual under the direction of the 
Council Committee on Commence- 
ment, The Committee hopes to have 
the dancing this year either on the 
tennis courts of Hitchcock Field, cov- 
ering the courts with tarpaulin, or on 
a level spot near the Grove. The 
Committee is also planning to make 
Saturday evening more of an event 
than heretofore. The present alumni 
parade will be better organized and 
will proceed to the upper end of the 
Common in front of the old College 
Fence where there will be entertain- 
ment in which the members of the 
reunion classes will take part. One 
of the reunion classes has suggested 
a singing contest and has offered a 
cup to the winner of the contest. 
The Committee reported that the cost 
of the fete last year was approximately 
two thousand dollars, all of which was 
subscribed by the reunion classes, the 
senior class, and the fraternities. 

The general athletic situation as 
reported by the Athletic Committee 
is described elsewhere in this number 
of the Quarterly. 

The joint dinner of the Alumni 
Council and the Amherst Association 
of New York afforded most gratify- 
ing justification of the plan of holding 
the annual meeting of the Council in 
connection with the annual reunion of a 
strong local alumni organization. It 
is hoped that this plan can be followed 
uniformly hereafter, and that it may 
be productive of great benefit to the 
College in impressing Amherst's stand- 
ing on strong communities in the vari- 
ous parts of the country. The Boston 
Alumni Association has requested that 
the next meeting of the Council be 
held in Boston at the time of the Asso- 
ciation's annual dinner next winter, 
and the Executive Committee has 
recommended such action. 

The Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee reported at New York the 
various activities of the Council dur- 
ing the first nine months of its organ- 
ization and concluded as follows: 

"The Council will not realize its 
highest usefulness until it enlists the 
active interest of every alumnus in 
effective work for the College. With 
more than four thousand men on the 
alumni roll, it is impossible for the 
Council to take the initiative person- 
ally in inviting the activity of each of 
them. It is hoped that every alumnus 
will feel free to volunteer his efforts in 
whatever line interests him most. 
Apart from the obvious matter of 
financial support, there is definite work 
for every alumnus to do in the matter 
of strengthening his class organization, 
and in most cases, in furthering the 
work of his local alumni organization. 
In addition to this, every alumnus 
should constitute himself a committee 

222 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of one to look out for desirable stu- 
dents, and to use all proper means to 
direct such men to Amherst. Within 
the memory of alumni now living, 
Amherst was the second largest col- 
lege in the country. Since that time, 
scores of other institutions have out- 
stripped her in numbers to an extent 
that is entirely disproportionate to 
the merits of the various institutions. 
While there is no desire to destroy 
Amherst's rare advantages as a small 
college, it is essential that the College 
should attain a larger numerical at- 
tendance than it has at present, and 
every Amherst man has an easy, an 
interesting, and a valuable opportun- 
ity to help in this line. It is open to 
every one to supplement the work of 
the Committee on Secondary Schools 
with individual effort in the matter 
of bringing Amherst's advantages to 
the attention of promising students 
and their parents. 

In closing this report, the Executive 
Committee wishes to express its very 
strong appreciation of the spirit shown 
by President Meiklejohn, the trus- 
tees, the faculty, and alumni in their 
determination to make the work of the 
Council realize its fullest possibilities 
of gain for the College. Amherst is 
in splendid condition today, and it 

holds out the finest promise of devel- 
opment exceeding the great traditions 
of the past." 

The following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year: President, 
Francis D. Lewis, Esq., 69; vice- 
president, W^illiam R. Mead, '67; 
vice-president, John E. Oldham, '88; 
vice-president, William C. Atwater, 
'84; secretary, Frederick S. Allis, '93; 
treasurer, Ernest M. W^hitcomb, '04; 
executive committee: Chairman, 
Grosvenor H. Backus, '94, the Presi- 
dent ex officio, Oliver B. Merrill, '91, 
George D. Pratt, '93, Henry H. Tits- 
worth, '97, Henry P. Kendall, '99, 
Stanley King, '03. 

At the afternoon session, in the 
absence of President Meiklejohn, 
Dean Olds addressed the Council. 
An outline of his address will be found 
on another page. 

At the Athletic Conference in the 
afternoon, Cornelius J. Sullivan, '92, 
presided. There was a good repre- 
sentation of former 'Varsity players, 
including a number of captains of the 
three major teams. Dr. Francis E. 
Tower, '80, of Albany, and Dr. Edward 
M. Hartwell, '73, of Boston, gave most 
interesting accounts of the first inter- 
collegiate baseball game and the 
great Springfield race. 

The Associations 



The New York Association. — The 
annual dinner at the Biltmore on 
February 24th was the largest gather- 
ing of Amherst men ever held, there 
being 733 in attendance. Collin 
Armstrong, '77, presided, and the 
speakers were President Meiklejohn, 
President Goodnow of Johns Hop- 
kins, Governor Whitman, and Robert 
Lansing, Counselor to the Depart- 
ment of State. Burges Johnson, '99, 
read the poem which appears in this 
issue of the Quarterly. The class 
of 1913, with 33 present, won the 1877 
reunion trophy. The singing was 
led by Frederick S. Bale, '06, assisted 
by W. F. Merrill, '99. The evening 
was in every way most successful and 
long to be remembered. The fac- 
ulty to the number of twenty-three 
were present, as well as many alumni 
from a distance. 

Informal luncheons have been re- 
newed under the leadership of Alfred 
Roelker, Jr., and William D. Stiger, 
and are held on Fridays at the Under- 
writers' Club, William and Liberty 

The Boston Association. — The an- 
nual dinner was held at the Copley 
Plaza on January 28th, four hundred 
alumni being present. The president 
of the association, Robert A. Woods, 
'86, presided, and the speakers were 
President Meiklejohn, President Good- 
now of Johns Hopkins, and Edwin 
Duffey, '90. The singing was led, as 
usual, by W. F. Merrill, '99. Among 
the guests were President Hustis of 
the Boston and Maine Railroad and 
Professor Samuel Williston of the 

Harvard Law School. The dinner 
was most successful, and was followed 
by an amateur minstrel show. 

Chief Justice Arthur P. Rugg, '83, 
was elected president, Frederick M. 
Butts, '09, secretary, and C. P. Slo- 
cum, '07, treasurer. 

Central Massachusetts Associa- 
tion. — The annual dinner was held on 
March 11th at the State Mutual Res- 
taurant, Worcester, Prof. Zelotes W. 
Coombs, '88, acting as toastmaster. 
The speakers were Chief Justice 
Arthur D. Rugg, '83, Robert A. Woods, 
'86, Prof. Thomas C. Esty, '93, Ed- 
mund A. Blake, '97, and William F. 
Merrill, '99. Henry E. WTiitcomb, 
'94, was elected president of the asso- 
ciation; Dr. Gordon Berry, '02, secre- 
tary; and Harry E. Crawford, '02, 

Connecticut Valley Association. — 
The annual dinner of the association 
was held on March 5th at the Hotel 
Kimball, Springfield, fifty-seven mem- 
bers being present. Nathan P. Avery, 
'91, presided, in the absence of the 
president. Dr. H. C. Emerson, '89. 
The speakers were Dean Olds, Judge 
Edward T. Slocum, '71, of Pittsfield, 
and Charles A. Andrews, '95, deputy 
tax commissioner of Massachusetts. 
President Meiklejohn was unable to 
be present, owing to illness. Judge 
Slocum read a letter by Lord Amherst, 
dated July 16, 1790. Music was pro- 
vided by Lyon, '15, Robinson, '15, 
and Ames,' 16. Dr. Emerson was re- 
elected president, and Harry B. Marsh, 
'99, was elected secretary. 

224 Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

The Rhode Island Association. — 
The annual dinner was held at the 
University Club, Providence, on 
March 1st, twenty-five members being 
present. The speakers were. Profes- 
sor Genung, F. S. Allis, '93, William 
B. Greenough, '88, and Rev. G. Glenn 
Atkins. H. E. Thurston, '79, was 
elected president, E. B. Delabarre, 
'86, is vice-president, and G. M. 
Richmond, '97, secretary and treasurer. 

The Northwestern Association. — 
The annual dinner was held on De- 
cember 28th at the Radission Hotel, 
Minneapolis. Rockwood Bullard, '10, 
led the singing, and L. F. Eaton, '15, 
spoke on undergraduate affairs. 

Association of the Southwest. — 
The officers for 1915 are: Dr. George 
E. Bellows, '82, president; L. B. Dow, 
'04, vice-president; E. W. Kidder, 
'08, care R. E. Kidder Flour Mills, 
secretary and treasurer. 

The Chicago Association. — The 
Amherst Club of Chicago is holding 
its weekly luncheons at the Boston 
Oyster House, Room 12, every Thurs- 
day noon. Visiting alumni will al- 
ways find friends there, whether they 
are of the class of 1856 or of 1918. 

Some account of the banquet on 
March 19th, will be found later under 
the heading of President Meiklejohn's 
Western Trip. 

General. — The University Club of 
Boston has issued a list of its mem- 
bers classified according to colleges. 
Of the resident members Amherst 
claims 29, being exceeded only by 
Harvard, Dartmouth (31), and Yale 
(32). Among the non-resident mem- 
bers are 11 Amherst men, Harvard 
alone having a larger representation 
in this class. 

President Meiklejohn's Western 
Trip. — San Francisco, March 27, 1915. 
The President's Western Trip is half 

over, and no one could have seen 
the enthusiastic response of the West- 
ern Alumni, their strong interest in the 
College, and their keen appreciation of 
the President's visit without feeling 
that the trip has been justified. 

The first stop was Chicago where the 
President attended the dinner of the 
Chicago Alumni Association on March 
19th. Professor Genung was the offi- 
cial representative of the College. The 
reception given him by the Chicago 
Alumni was quite different from that 
of a newspaper man in Providence on 
the occasion of his visit there a few 
weeks ago. When the name of the 
guest of honor was given, the press rep- 
resentative started. "Genung — 
Genung's Rhetoric, " — Is he the fellow 
that wrote the rhetoric?" "Yes," was 
the reply, "he wrote the rhetoric." 
"Well, damn HIM." The President 
paid a tribute to the guest of the even- 
ing and commended the policy of in- 
viting professors from the College to 
attend alumni gatherings. 

The next stop was Des Moines, 
which was reached Saturday morning. 
The President and Frederick S. Allis, 
Secretary of the Alumni Council, who 
accompanied him on the trip, were met 
by Richard R. Rollins, '96, and H. H. 
Polk, '97, and after a motor ride around 
the city, they were taken to the Des 
Moines Club. Here they met at 
luncheon some twenty alumni and 
guests, among the latter being the 
Superintendent of Schools, the Princi- 
pals of two of the high schools, and 
the presidents of two Iowa colleges. 
After the luncheon, Mr. Allis spoke on 
some characteristic features of Amherst, 
the Fraternity System, the Democratic 
Spirit, Outside Activities including 
Athletics, and the attitude of the Fac- 
ulty toward them, and the intellectual 
interest of the Student Body. Presi- 

The Associations 


dent Meiklejohn concluded with an 
address on "The Function of the 
Liberal College." Richard R. Rollins, 
'96, was elected the representative of 
the Des Moines Alumni Association on 
the Alumni Council. 

Colorado Springs was reached on 
Sunday. Here the President and Mr. 
Allis were the guests of President 
William F. Slocum, '74, of Colorado 
College and Mrs. Slocum. President 
Meiklejohn gave the address at the 
College Vesper Service in the afternoon 
and met at dinner at President Slocum's 
and in the evening members of the 
Faculty of Colorado College. Mr. 
Allis spoke at the College Chapel the 
next morning, and he and the President 
were the guests of Dean Edward S. 
Parsons, '83, and Mrs. Parsons at lunch- 
eon. In the afternoon they left for 
Denver accompanied by President Slo- 
cum and Charles E. Parsons, '13. 
They were met on their arrival by Earl 
Comstock, '92, Frederick P. Smith, '08, 
and Mr. Henry Toll, a brother of Pro- 
fessor Carl Toll of the Amherst College 
Faculty. President Meiklejohn w^as 
the guest while in Denver of Mrs. 
Katherine N. Toll, Professor Toll's 
mother, and Mr. Allis of Mr. and Mrs. 

About forty alumni and guests 
gathered that evening at the Brown 
Palace Hotel for the Alumni Dinner. 
The details of the dinner were carried 
out by Calvin H. Morse, '83, Manager 
of the hotel, and were most elaborate. 
There still lingers on the guests' pal- 
ates the flavor of the Rocky Mountain 
trout, the prairie chicken, and the fresh 
strawberries. The flowers, music, pur- 
ple and white decorations, and beauti- 
ful "State" table service made the 
dinner a brilliant one. The President 
was the first speaker and he was at his 
best. He was followed by Mr. Allis, 

President Livingston Farrand, the new 
President of the University of Colorado, 
and Mr. W. V. Hodges, President of the 
University Club of Denver. President 
Farrand, who came to Colorado from 
Columbia University, referred to the 
distinguished line of Amherst men on the 
Faculty of Columbia andMr . Hodges said 
there were only two men in his class 
at the law school, who had learned how 
to think before they entered the law 
school, and they were both Amherst 
men. At the business meeting of the 
Association, Earl Comstock, '92, was 
elected representative of the Rocky 
Mountain Alumni Association on the 
Alumni Council. The next morning, 
Mr. Comstock took the President and 
Mr. Allis for a long motor ride, show- 
ing them the extended park system, 
the boulevards, and the wonderful 
mountains, which were seen at their 
best through the clear Colorado atmos- 
phere. After the ride the guests were 
entertained at luncheon at the Country 
Club by Mrs. Toll. Among the other 
guests were President Emeritus Baker 
of the University of Colorado and 
Superintendent W. H. Smiley of the 
Denver Public Schools. 

At Ogden, Utah, the travelers were 
met by Edward Merrill, '81, who ac- 
companied them to Salt Lake City, 
Mr. Merrill brought with him the 
morning papers, one of which had a 
large cut of President Meiklejohn on 
the front page, and a two column arti- 
cle on him, and the possibility of his 
acting as mediator in the differences 
which had arisen between the presi- 
dent and faculty and students of the 
University of Utah. The short visit 
of the President of course precluded 
his acting in any such capacity even it 
had seemed desirable to the parties 
most concerned for him to do so. The 
President and Mr. Allis were the guests 

226 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

at luncheon of the President of the 
University of Utah, after which the 
Piesident spoke to some five hundred 
students on "Work and Play." They 
proved a most responsive audience and 
it was excellent fun to watch their faces 
from the platform as they followed the 
President's argument. The susceptible 
Leary wept tears of joy, he was so 
proud of his college, and so moved by 
the memories the day had brought 
forth. The latter part of the afternoon 
was spent in motoring about the city 
and up one of the great canyons. In 
the evening there was an informal din- 
ner at the University Club. Among the 
guests were the Principal of the new 
five hundred thousand dollar High 
School, which the President and Mr. 
Allis had visited in the afternoon. 

Friday morning the green grass and 
the wild flowers of California came into 
sight, and the trip across the continent 
was ended. The President left the 
train at Berkeley to lunch with Presi- 
dent Wheeler of the University of Cal- 
ifornia. In the evening he was the 
guest of the New England College 
Association at the University Club. 
The speaking at the dinner was in- 
formal and excellent. Beside the Presi- 
dent and Mr. Allis, the President of 
Leland Stanford, Jr. University and the 
speakers were representatives of 
Yale, Amherst, Dartmouth, and 
the University of California. George 
D. Gray, '65, of San Francisco, whom 
the toastmaster introduced as a con- 
temporary of Lord Jeffery Amherst, 
gave some delightful reminiscenses of 
Amherst in the sixties. Mr. Gray 
said he had been an Amherst man since 
1821, for his grandfather. Deacon Gray 
of Pelham, who owned a stone quarry, 
contributed stone for the building of 

North College, and his father drove 
the ox-team which brought the stone 
from the quarry to Amherst. At a 
business meeting following the dinner, 
George W. Lewis, '93, was elected rep- 
resentative of the Association of North- 
ern California on the Alumni Council. 

Saturday noon, the President was 
the guest at luncheon of the Common- 
wealth Club, an association of San 
Francisco business and professional 
men, and addressed them on "The 
Liberal College and the Business man." 
Tomorrow and Monday are to be spent 
at Los Angeles. From there a return 
will be made to San Francisco, and the 
journey up the coast continued to 
Portland and Seattle. On the return 
trip stops will be made at Spokane 
and Minneapolis. 

The visit of the President to the 
Western alumni has been a most in- 
teresting experiment. Everywhere he 
has been received with enthusiasm 
and every hospitality has been shown 
him. Everywhere he has made friends 
for himself and for the College. The 
old love of Amherst and the belief in 
her distinctive function as a College 
of Liberal training has been aroused 
in many an alumnus, who because of 
the great distance between New Eng- 
land and the West had gotten out of 
touch with the College. To meet the 
President and hear him tell of the 
Amherst of today and of his plans 
and hopes for the future has been to 
rekindle all their old love and enthusi- 
asm, and with one accord they have 
welcomed the opportunity, through 
the new alumni organization, the 
Alumni Council, to join hands with 
the Eastern alumni in the service of 
their Alma Mater. 

F. S. A. 

The Classes 



From The Boston Evening Transcript, 
March 4, 1915. — "John L. Graves, 
an old time merchant of Boston, died 
suddenly yesterday afternoon from 
an attack of heart failure, in his 
eighty-fourth year. He had been 
in his usual good health up to the 
moment of his death. His home was 
at 8 Chestnut Street and on Beacon 
Hill. Mr. Graves was long a familiar 
figure in his daily walks, faithfully 
followed by a large Irish terrier, and 
this dumb friend was beside him 
when Mr. Graves died." 

John Long Graves was born in 
Sunderland August 15, 1831, son of 
Horatio and Fanny Montague Gunn 
Graves, and a descendant of the early 
settlers who, leaving the parent col- 
ony at Hartford, penetrated into the 
wilderness and, following the course of 
the river, founded the Hatfield Settle- 
ment. On his maternal side, he was 
connected with the Dickinsons who 
founded Amherst College, and his 
maternal great-grandfather was 
Major Montague, who served on the 
staff of General Washington. 

Mr. Graves graduated from college 
with the class of 1855, a Phi Beta 
Kappa man, and member of the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity. 

Following graduation, he studied 
for the ministry under Dr. Kirk, a 
noted Congregational minister of Bos- 
ton, and was ordained in 1857 and took 
charge of a small chapel in Boston on 
Springfield Street, where he remained 
foiu" years, until illness compelled 
him to take a rest. Soon after his 
ordination he married Miss Frances 
Britton of Orford, N. H., youngest 

daughter of Hon. Abiathar G. Britton, 
who in his time was one of the ablest 
lawyers of his state. During this 
time, when illness compelled Mr. 
Graves to leave his profession and he 
and Mrs. Graves were travelling in 
Europe, his interest in Oriental Art 
was awakened by the collection at 
the "House in the Woods," near the 
Hague. The beauty of the Oriental 
porcelains and bronzes made a pro- 
found impression, but opportunity to 
follow the leadings of taste in this 
direction did not come for many years. 

After returning from Europe where 
he had undergone a serious operation 
upon one eye, another period of com- 
parative rest was necessary. Two 
years, therefore, were spent in North- 
ampton, followed by a winter of study 
in the Theological School in Hart- 
ford, in order to resume his work in 
the ministry. 

At this time he was called to the 
Brick Presbyterian Church in Wash- 
ington, but after several months' 
effort and consequent illness, he was 
forced to give up his profession. That 
this decision was a great disappoint- 
ment to both Mr. and Mrs. Graves 
may be inferred from the fact that 
for many years after his retirement 
they together met the expense of 
keeping one man in the mission field. 

In spite of the expectations of his 
college classmates that literature 
would be his life work, it proved only 
his recreation, for Mr. Graves was 
an insatiable reader and a keen lover 
of a good story. He was an excep- 
tional raconteur and many will recall 

228 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

the humor in his deep rich voice, which 
never lost its vigor. Through ac- 
quaintance with Dr. J. G. Holland, a 
position as lecturer for Scribner's 
Magazine was offered him, but this 
was declined and soon after he ac- 
cepted a position with the New York 
Life Insurance Company, which he 
held for several years. Tiring of that, 
a short period of inactivity followed, 
which he utilized by working out a 
problem of much interest to fishermen 
viz., a hollow fishing rod, which he, 
as a keen lover of trout-fishing, had 
vainly longed for. His invention was 
so satisfactory that it was patented 
and two beautiful examples were 
sent to the Centennial Exhibition at 
Philadelphia and to Mr. Graves' 
great surprise and amusement, re- 
ceived awards. 

It was at the end of the year 1876 
that Mr. Graves found himself again 
in Boston and looking for new busi- 
ness connections. The ports of Japan 
had recently been opened and the op- 
portunities connected with that act 
reviving his old interest in objects 
Oriental, made an irresistible appeal, 
which resulted in his becoming an art 
importer and collector. In writing 
of his instinct for collecting, Mr. 
Graves once said: 

"I think I must have been born a 
collector — my earliest recollections 
are of gathering every form of beau- 
tiful flowers that attracted my childish 
notice; then pebbles of pleasing colors 
and later rare plants and flowers. 
Having learned to stuff and mount 
birds, I made a large collection of our 
native varieties. In the town of 
Montague, I discovered beautiful ex- 
amples of fossil ferns and plants. 
These I presented to the Professor of 
Natural History in the University of 
Frederick ton, N. B. The so-called 
clay stones, formed on the banks of 
the Connecticut, also interested me, 
but not more than the arrow heads 

which I found in large numbers and of 
remarkable beauty." 

During the long term of years in 
which Mr. Graves gathered together 
his art collection, his custom was con- 
stantly to sift out and replace with 
better examples those of less merit, 
thus behind the buying and selling 
was the never-forgotten aim of build- 
ing up his private collection, the ob- 
ject dear to his very heart. 

His interest in mineralogy dated 
from early years, and his knowledge 
of gems, their history and mystery, 
stirred his imagination, deeply refresh- 
ing him with their beauty in hours 
of weariness. That his cherished de- 
sire of seeing his collection perma- 
nently housed and established in con- 
nection with some college could not 
be realized was a severe blow, but he 
bore it in stoic silence and after 
financial reverses made it necessary 
that the precious gatherings of so 
many years should be scattered again 
to the winds, he silenced any allu- 
sion to the subject. 

Mr. Graves' love for his native 
valley never died, and his gift of a 
library building for Sunderland, in 
memory of his father and mother, 
gave him great pleasure. 

About Mt. Toby centered a roman- 
tic interest and half formulated de- 
sire, half dream, that some day he 
should develop it into a beautiful 
park. He lived long enough to give his 
consent to the act which may in 
time give to all the people of the 
state a tract of forest land of per- 
petual beauty. 

An appreciation of George Wash- 
burn, D.D., LL.D., who died Monday, 
January 5th, is reserved for the next 
number of the Quarterly. Of his 

The Classes 


distinguished services in the East the 
Bulgarian minister writes: — 

" Bulgarian newspapers, recently re- 
ceived, contain very sympathetic and 
appreciative notices of the death of Dr. 
George Washburn, ex-President of 
Robert College, who died February 15th 
in Boston. Along with the recognition 
of the noble personal qualities which 
distinguished the deceased, these no- 
tices express the deep gratitude of the 
Bulgarian people for the signal services 
he rendered to Bulgaria in her hour of 
distress in 1876, and the sorrow felt at 
the loss of one of the best friends Bul- 
garia has ever had. In the National 
Assembly one of the Deputies, a gradu- 
ate of Robert College and former pupil 
of Dr. Washburn, in a stirring speech 
passed in review the active part ' this 
great-souled American ' took in bring- 
ing about the political emancipation 
of Bulgaria by laying bare before the 
public opinion of Europe, especially 
of England, the massacres in Bulgaria 
in 1876. At the end of the speech the 
whole Assembly, in token of respect 
to the dead, rose to its feet, while the 
eyes of many were filled with tears. 
The Bulgarian press announces that 
steps will be taken to commemorate the 
name of this great benefactor of the 
Bulgarians in a tangible and perma- 
nent manner. 

Stephan Panaretoff, 
Bulgarian Minister." 


Rev. DeWitt S. Clark, D.D.. who 
was installed pastor of the Tabernacle 
Church at Salem, Mass., January 15, 
1879, on January 17, 1915, preached 
a sermon commemorative of his thirty- 
sixth anniversary and reviewed the 
growth and successful work of the 
church during his pastorate. While 
he was preaching, several pastors of 
other churches in the city walked 
quietly in and took seats on the pul- 
pit platform and at the close of Dr. 
Clark's sermon cordially extended 
their congratulations. Rev. Thomas 
T. Langdale, of the South Church, 

said in behalf of the other churches he 
brought to Dr. Clark their felicitations 
of his thirty-sixth anniversary, which 
was one not only of deep concern and 
moment to the Tabernacle Church, 
but to all of the churches, and he 
wished Dr. Clark godspeed and many 
more happy years of added blessings. 


Martha Maitland Bishop, wife of 
James L. Bishop, died at her home 
in New York City on January 5th. 
The funeral services were held at the 
Church of the Epiphany on January 
8th. Mrs. Bishop is survived by her 
husband, a daughter, and two sons, 
Maitland L. Bishop, '01, and Merrill 
Bishop, '04. 


Prof. Edwin A. Grosvenor spoke on 
"Some Phases of the Present War" 
before the University Club of Boston 
on February 11th. 

Ex-President George Harris spoke 
at the Brown Alumni dinner in New 
York on February 4th. He preached 
at the Broadway Tabernacle, New 
York City on February 14th. 


William R. Brown, Secretary 
79 Park Avenue, New York City 
John E. Kellogg, of Fitchburg, Mass., 
died January 5th, at Pinehurst, N. C, 
of Bright's disease and resulting com- 
plications. He was born in Amherst 
in 1845 and was fitted for college at 
W^illiston Seminary, Easthampton. 
During his first year out of college he 
was on the editorial staff of the Spring- 
field Republican. The following year 
he was in the office of the Associated 
Press in New York City. He was 
with the Springfield Republican again 
for the year after, and was also con- 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

nected with the Daily Gazette at Taun- 
ton. In 1873 he established the 
Fitchburg Daily Sentinel, and has 
been editor ever since that time. Mr. 
Kellogg served on the Fitchburg school 
board and in the state legislature. 

Winfield S. Slocum, a prominent 
lawyer and city solicitor of Newton, 
died at his home there on January 29th. 
Born in Grafton in 1848 and educated 
in the public schools there, after gradu- 
ating from Amherst he was admitted 
to the Suffolk county bar in 1871. 
Since 1881 he had been city solicitor of 
Newton, and had the distinction of 
being the oldest solicitor in Massachu- 
setts in point of view of continuous serv- 


William Crary Brownell of New 
York, critic and author, is the subject 
of an appreciation by Hamilton W. 
Mabie in a recent number of the Out- 
look, entitled "An American Critic." 
Dr. Brownell's latest book, on "Criti- 
cism," has recently been published by 
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 
It was reviewed in the January number 

of the QUABTERLT. 

William Leroy Hall died on March 
20, 1914 at Dallas, Tex. Born in 
Knox County, near Knoxville, Tenn., 
Nov. 21, 1847, he was fitted for college 
at East Tennessee University, in Knox- 
ville. He studied law a short time at 
Knoxville, and for four years he was 
the Clerk of the District Court and 
Master in Chancery of the Territory of 
Montana. He was the proprietor and 
publisher of the Dallas, Texas, Com- 
mercial from 1876 to 1878. The next 
year he consolidated the Dallas Herald 
and the Commercial, and was the pub- 
lisher of the consolidated paper from 
that time. 

Prof. Herbert G. Lord has been 
granted a leave of absence from Co- 
lumbia University for the second half 
of the year 1915-1916. 


Prof. John M. Tyler, Secretary 
Amherst, Mass. 

Dr. Henry C. Haven, who died at 
his home, Glenburnie Farm in Stock- 
bridge, Mass., February 19th, gradu- 
ated from the Harvard Medical School 
in the year 1876. Opening his prac- 
tice in Boston, he made a specialty 
of the diseases of children, in which 
field he was eminently successful. Dr. 
Haven was very active in works of 
charity, establishing in Boston the 
first hospital, — which was run under 
the name of the West End Day Nurs- 
ery — for children under two years 
of age. He was later instrumental 
in obtaining an island in Marblehead 
harbor, where an institution was es- 
tablished as a vacation and resting- 
place for mothers and for children 
under ten years of age. He con- 
tinued in active practice until 1890, 
when for reasons of health he retired 
from active work and came to Stock- 
bridge, where he married Mrs. John 
Winthrop. His rare executive abil- 
ity made his residence in Stockbridge 
of much value, and his varied activ- 
ities were of profit to the many organ- 
izations of the village. He held many 
important offices in connection with 
the town government and was also 
socially prominent in the community. 
His funeral was held February 22d at 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rev. 
George Grenville Merrill, rector of 
the church, oflSciating. 

Hon. Lewis Sperry, of Windsor 
Locks, Conn., former member of Con- 
gress, has been appointed general 

The Classes 


counsel of the ^tna Life Insurance 
Co., of Hartford, Conn. 

Dr. Talcott Williams spoke at the 
Alumni Day of Columbia University, 
February 12th, on "The Reporting of 
the War." He is one of the two edi- 
tors of the second edition of the New 
International Encyclopedia. 

In Oak Leaves, Oak Park, Illinois, 
for March 20th, is an appreciative tribute 
to Normand S. Patton, whose death 
occurred March 15th, from which notice 
we quote the following: 

"In the death of Normand S. Patton, 
Oak Park suffers a heavy loss. He 
has been a resident of this village for 
twenty-six years and has left behind 
him enduring monuments to his mem- 

"He was born at Hartford, Conn., 
July 10, 1852. His father. Rev. 
William W. Patton, was for a long time 
pastor of the First Congregational 
Church in Chicago, and was the first 
editor of the Advance. He was grad- 
uated from Amherst in 1873, studied at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, took a torn* abroad, and for a 
time was in the employ of the govern- 
ment at Washington, in the architec- 
tural department of one of the bureaus 
there. He was married January 1, 
1885, to Frances M. Keep, the mother 
of his children. She died June 13, 
1895. Twelve years later he was mar- 
ried to Emma Louise Ilett, who sur- 
vives him. His surviving children are 
a son, Normand, and two daughters, 
Marion and Frances. Establishing an 
office in Chicago, he made a specialty 
of public buildings, and for a time was 
architect for the board of education. 
He was official architect of Carleton, 
Beloit, and other colleges, erected li- 
brary and other important buildings at 
Oberlin, and probably designed more 
Carnegie libraries than any other 
one architect. He was one of the 
organizers of the Western Association 
of Architects and a director of the 
American Institute of Architects. 

"Mr. Patton's professional career 
gave no indications of lessening 

strength; indeed, he seemed to him- 
self and to his associates to be entering 
upon his most fruitful period of pro- 
ductivity. Twelve years ago he made 
a tour abroad and returned with fresh 
inspiration, which manifested itself 
in the richer work of these recent years. 
He stood at the summit of his career, 
ready for still further achievements 
when death called him. . . . 

"Mr. Patton was a man of earnest 
Christian character. He had strong 
convictions and was outspoken in 
support of what he believed to be right. 
He was a man of public spirit, and 
labored for the beautification of Oak 
Park and Chicago. He gave his best 
time and thought to the higher and 
finer aspects of his work. As an archi- 
tect he was a practical idealist, com- 
bining in unusual measure utility and 
beauty. The dominant characteristic 
of his architectural work was its sin- 
cerity. He abhorred any attempt to 
make a thing look like what it was 
not. It was an axiom with him that 
all architecture and all life should be 
what it would seem. 

" Mr. Patton was the youngest pres- 
ident who ever served the Chicago 
Congregational Club. He was a mem- 
ber of the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution and enjoyed his fellowship with 
other men in the Union League Club, 
but his supreme affections were found 
in his home and in his church, in both 
of which his death entails an irre- 
parable loss and an abiding benedic- 


Elihu G. Loomis, Secretary 
28 State Street, Boston, Mass. 
The engagement has been announced 
of Miss Gertrude Smith, daughter of 
Professor and Mrs. Munroe Smith, 
to Lawrence Cushing Goodhue, Har- 
vard, '11, a member of the Boston Bar. 

Prof. Munroe Smith spoke before 
the Century Association of New York 
City, on February 13th, on "Strategy 
versus Diplomacy in Bismarck's Time 
and Afterwards." 

232 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Prof. Levi H. Elwell, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 
Rev. Arthur F. Skeele, recently of 
Olivet, Mich., has accepted a call to 
the Congregational Church at Mon- 
rovia, Cal. 

In The Nation for January 28th, 
Prof. David Todd has, in the form 
of a review, an article on Galileo. 


Wm. M. Ducker, Secretary 

277 Broadway, New York City 

George A. Plimpton was one of the 

speakers at the 200th meeting of the 

Schoolmasters Association of New 

York on January 15th. He was the 

founder of the Association. 

Rev. a. DeW. Mason, Secretary 

222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. Clarence H. Barber is pastor 
of the Congregational Church at 
Danielson, Conn., where he has been 
for many years. He took a trip to 
Europe last year, but was fortunate 
enough to return home a week before 
the war broke out. 

John M. Clarke was one of the 
speakers on January 29th at a memo- 
rial meeting of the New York Museum 
of Natural History. 

William H. Deady, for many years 
a lawyer in New York, died on Decem- 
ber 9th, in that city. The son of 
Timothy C. and Julia Deady, he was 
born in Boston on January 4, 1854. 
When he was quite young his parents 
moved to Amherst, and he prepared 
for college at the Amherst High School. 
In 1873 he entered Amherst College 
and remained for three years, but did 
not graduate. After leaving college 
he studied at Columbia Law School 

for three years, where he graduated 
in 1879. 

W^illiam A. Dresser is now living in 
Denver, Col., where his address is 
1450 Grant Street. His health, the 
condition of which necessitated a 
serious operation last May, is being 
restored, and he wTites cheerfully and 
hopefully of the future. 

Charles S. Hartwell is head of the 
English Department of the Eastern 
District High School of Brooklyn, and 
directs the work of a large number of 
teachers in these branches of work. 
He is also president of the "Associa- 
tion of High School Teachers of Eng- 
lish of New York City." 

Rev. Joseph B. Hingeley, D.D., is 
still laying up treasures on earth for 
those poor Methodist parsons who are 
too busy laying up treasures in heaven 
for themselves and others to give 
much attention to the needed provi- 
sion for old age and want. His mem- 
ory will long be blessed by the super- 
annuated Methodist preacher. Joe 
writes that a "Chicago Amherst '77 
Alumni Association" has lately been 
formed. W^eeden is president and he 
is secretary. There are no other 

Rev. Samuel L. Loomis, D.D., is 
still pastor of the Congregational church 
at Westfield, N. J., and for three years 
past has held each Sunday evening a 
"People's Meeting" in a public hall 
of his town, at which he gathers a 
large congregation composed chiefly 
of folks who go to no other religious 
service. Suitable stereopticon slides, 
familiar hj'mns, good choir and chorus 
music, and a short earnest gospel 
appeal are features of this service, 
which now appears to be fully estab- 
lished in the favor of the community. 

The Classes 


Dr. Loomis is also president of the 
New Jersey Home Missionary Soci- 
ety, a director of the Congregational 
Church Building Society, and a mem- 
ber of the Board of Ministerial Relief. 

Rev. Isaac L. Lowe, D.D., writes: 
"1 keep at it teaching, preaching, and 
editing a weekly paper for vacation 
pastime." He helped to organize a 
Public Question Class in the com- 
munity, for the discussion of public 
questions and is now its president. 

Rev. George W. Reynolds, D.D., 
has retired from the pastorate and is 
now at leisure to supply vacant pul- 
pits which may need his help. His 
address is 42 Whitney Street, Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

William H. Shaw died at his home in 
Braintree, Mass., after a short illness, 
on February 8th. On graduating from 
Amherst Shaw entered the Union 
Theological Seminary, New York, 
graduating in 1880, and after his mar- 
riage to S. Lizzie Burnham, went as 
a missionary to China, being sta- 
tioned at Pao-ting-fu for three years. 
Failing health and the death of his 
wife and child hastened his return to 
America, where he engaged in business 
in Boston. Later he was connected 
with the firm of Jacob Dreyfus & Co., 
of Boston. He was an enthusiastic 
yachtsman and was a prominent mem- 
ber of the Quincy Yacht Club. He is 
survived by his widow, Maiy Van 
Dyke Ferndon, and five children. The 
funeral took place on February 11th 
and was attended by Blake, Copeland, 
Gray, Keith, Leete, and Tobey. 

William O. Weeden has recently 
accepted the position of Chicago man- 
ager of the Globe Ear Phone Co., and 
has moved to that city. His address 
now is 1416 Lytton Building, Chicago. 

The Seventy-Seven table at the ban- 
quet of the New York Alumni Asso- 
ciation at the Biltmore, on February 
24th, was surrounded by the largest 
number of our classmates that have 
met since graduation, except at our 
reunions in Amherst. Seventeen men 
were present, one of whom, Armstrong, 
was in the president's chair at the 
guest table and very skilfully and 
felicitously managed the program and 
the addresses of the evening. The 
others present were: Clarke, Fowler, 
Gray, Hartwell, Hingeley, Loomis, 
Marple, Mason, Nash, Osgood, Pratt, 
Redfield, Ryder, Searle, Waples, and 
Wright. Many cards and letters from 
absent classmates were passed around. 

The Boston Alumni Dinner took 
place at the Copley Plaza, Boston, on 
January 25th. Blake, Copeland, 
Gray, Keith, Kyle, Leete, and Tobey 
sat at the '77 table, and letters of 
regret were read from other members 
of the class who were unable to at- 
tend in person. 


Prof. H. N. Gardiner, Secretary 
23 Crafts Avenue, Northampton, Mass. 

The $200,000 Congregational Church 
at Long Beach, Cal., said to be the 
finest church building in the denomi- 
nation in southern California, was 
dedicated with impressive ceremonies 
lasting over four days, December 
27-30. The erection of this edifice 
was largely due to the indefatigable 
labors of Henry P. Barbour, chairman 
of the building committee, who, as 
was fitting, acted as toastmaster at 
the banquet given on the fourth day 
of the celebration to the men of the 
various arts and crafts who had worked 
on the building. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Judge Doherty recently sent the 
secretary a fine photograph of himself 
taken in his library at Santa Rosa, 
Cal. The brow of the Hon. S. K. seems 
to have risen a good deal since he 
led the class in drill in the Old Gym., 
but otherwise he appears to have 
changed very little. But why is it 
that we never see the original.^ 

The class has recently suffered seri- 
ous loss in the death of two of its 
members. On December 28th, the 
Rev. Edward Oscar Dyer died at 
Chester, Conn. He was apparently 
in good health when on the morning 
of the 20th he preached the Christmas 
sermon to his people. After the union 
service in which he took part in the 
evening, he was seized with a chill, 
which developed into pneumonia, to 
which he succumbed shortly after mid- 
night of the following Sunday. Dyer 
was born at Whitman, Mass., January 
14, 1853. After graduating at Am- 
herst, where he was a member of the 
Psi Upsilon Fraternity, he studied 
theology at Hartford and at Andover. 
His first pastorate was at Raymond, 
N. H. His subsequent charges were 
at South Braintree, Mass., at Sharon, 
Conn., and at Chester, Conn. On 
June 5, 1895, he married Mary Wool- 
worth Burbank, of Longmeadow, who 
survives him. He was a faithful and 
devoted minister, universally es- 
teemed. He loved the fellowship of 
men and books, was fond of travel, 
but took equally keen delight in the 
solitudes of the wilderness and in the 
life close to natm-e out of doors. He 
wrote and published a number of es- 
says and poems, his most considerable 
literary effort being a volume en- 
titled "Gnadensee, the Lake of Grace," 
published in 1903, a work treating of 
the Moravian settlement on a Con- 

necticut lake. His latest work was a 
poem on "St. Stephen's Bell," at 
East Haddam, Conn.; this appeared 
early in December. Dyer was a 
loyal member of the College and the 
class, whose reunions he constantly 
attended, and where he will hence- 
forth be sadly missed. 

Dr. Samuel F. Mellen, for many 
years on the staff of the State Hos- 
pital at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., died 
July 15, 1914. The Superintendent 
reports as follows: 

"He had an acute attack of appen- 
dicitis with operation within twenty- 
four hours, but general peritonitis 
had started and he had post-operative 

The news of Mellen's death has only 
recently reached the secretary, who has 
had no opportunity to secure the facts 
for an outline of Mellen's life. To 
his classmates, however, these would 
be but the dry bones of a living mem- 
ory. His personality, modest, self- 
respecting, full of good sense, of good 
humor, and of quiet, unassuming 
strength, stands out among the most 
vivid of our college experiences. As 
we saw him from time to time at 
the reunions, he impressed us all 
with the growing qualities of a most 
lovable disposition, and fine manly 
character. His very gentleness was a 
form of strength. To his Manes we 
offer with our look of grief the libations 
of a genuine affection. 

C. H. Moore gave the principal 
address at the celebration of Lincoln's 
birthday by the colored people of 
Reidsville and Rockingham County, 

N. C. 

Ten members of the class attended 
the Amherst Dinner in New York on 
February 24th, namely, Babbott, Con- 

The Classes 


ant, Cowles, Fairley, Fuller, Hitch- 
ings, Hedden, Sanders, Searle, and 


Prof. J. F. Jameson, Secretary 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 
Rev. Nehemiah Boynton had an 
article in the Congregationalist for 
January 7th, called "Future Minister- 
ing to Faith." 

Henry C. Folger has been elected a 
director of the Seaboard National 
Bank of New York. 

President Frank J. Goodnow spoke 
before the Phi Beta Kappa Association 
of New York City, on March 12th, 
on "Conditions in China." 

The November issue of the American 
Political Science Review contained an 
article by President Frank J. Goodnow 
on "The Parliament of the Republic 
of China." 

Van Eps Harvey, son of Charles 
T. and Sarah L. Harvey, died in the 
state hospital at Binghamton, N. Y. 
on December 2d. He was born in 
Marquette, Mich., on July 11, 1859, 
and fitted for college at Greylock 
Institute in South Williamstown. He 
was at the University of Vermont for 
a year before he came to Amherst. 
After graduating from Amherst he 
studied commercial law for two years 
at Eastman's Business College, in 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. For the two 
years following, he studied legal juris- 
prudence at the University of New 
York. He became secretary of the 
Metropolitan Transit Co. in 1882 and 
while acting as such, was seriously 
injured in the World Building fire. 
Since then he had been an invalid. 


Henry P. Field, Secretary 

Northampton, Mass. 

Prof. John Edward Banta is principal 

of the Training School for Teachers, 

Syracuse, N. Y. His son graduates 

at Amherst next commencement. 

Prof. Edward W. Bemis has left 
New York and is at present residing in 

Joseph B. Bisbee has left Pough- 
keepsie and is now living at Bellows 
Falls, Vt. 

Miss Margaret A. Blair, daughter 
of Frank W. Blair, was married Feb- 
ruary 20th, at Brookline, Mass., to 
Mr. Rollin C. Dean. 

Prof. Frederick J. Bliss has re- 
signed his position as dean of the 
University of Rochester. His present 
address is Care of American College, 
Beyrout, Syria. 

Rev. George A. Strong has returned 
from a trip around the world. His 
present address is 269 Beacon Street, 
Boston, Mass. 

The class of 1880 will hold its 35th 
anniversary reunion at Amherst next 
Commencement. Headquarters will be 
at the house of Miss Brown, 8 Spring 
Street. The class has also engaged the 
house of Mrs. Baxter Marsh, Main 
Street. The grounds of the two 
houses adjoin. The class dinner will 
be held at the Amherst House Monday 
evening. Between forty-five and fifty 
men have already sent word that they 
expect to attend this reunion. 

A. F. Bemis, Cumings, Farwell, 
C. J. Field, H. P. Field, Headley, 
Keith, Packard attended the Boston 
Dinner, January 28th. 

236 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

E. W. Bemis, H. P. Field, Gillett, 
Goodrich, Lane McGregory, Noyes, 
E. C. Richardson, Rogers, Stephenson, 
and Turner attended the New York 
dinner, February 24th. 


Frank H. Parsons, Secretary 
60 Wall Street, New York City 
Lawrence F. Abbott has been elected 
a member of the committee on admis- 
sions of the Century Association of 
New York City. 

On December 21, 1914, John C. 
Baker, son of Charles H. Baker, died 
from the effects of scarlet fever. 

George W. Brainerd was married, 
on January 16th, to Miss Susan 
Caroline Titcomb, of Holyoke, Mass. 

On December 10, 1914, Alice C. 
Forbes, daughter of Elmer S. Forbes, 
was married to Harold Buckminster 
Hayden at the First Parish Church 
of Weston, Mass. 

Henry Clay Hall of Colorado has 
been appointed to succeed himself as 
a member of the Interstate Commerce 
Commission for the full term of seven 
years. The appointment was con- 
firmed by the Senate on January 28th. 

Dr. Robert W. Sawin was married 
at West Springfield, Mass., on De- 
cember 21st, to Mrs. Myra Moore 

Arthur J. Shaw, Jr., was married, 
on December 31st, to Ethel Forsythe 
Griffin of South Weymouth, Mass. 


John P. Gushing, Secretary 

New Haven, Conn. 

George V. S. Camp, cashier of the 

Jefferson County National Bank and 

for years one of Watertown's prom- 
inent business men, died suddenly, 
February 2d, while assisting at a 
meeting held under the auspices of 
the Visiting Nurses Association, at 
which he was scheduled to play an 
accompaniment to his wife's vocal 
solo, which was one of the numbers of 
the program. He suddenly became 
ill, fell from his chair, and died before 
a physician could be called. Mr. 
Camp was born in Watertown, N. Y., 
December 9, 1860, the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Talcott H. Camp. From the 
local schools he went to Amherst. His 
musical talents were soon recognized 
and he became college organist and 
leader of the Glee Club. The success 
of the '81 quartette and the '84 quar- 
tette was due in no small measure 
to him. After graduation he became 
identified with the Jefferson County 
National Bank, and was its cashier 
at the time of his death. But he 
could not give up his music. For 
more than thirty years he served as 
organist of the First Presbyterian 
Church, in which he was also an ac- 
tive worker. He was a trustee of the 
Northern New York Trust Co., and 
of the Jefferson Co. Savings Bank, a 
director of a bank in Antwerp, and a 
member of the Black River Valley 
Club, the Jefferson County Golf Club, 
and the Fortnightly Club. He is 
survived by his wife, Elizabeth Knowl- 
ton Camp, and three children, Paul, 
Frances, and Elizabeth. 

Prof. Richard E. Burton, the presi- 
dent of the Dramatic League of Amer- 
ica, has recently written a book en- 
titled "How to See a Play," which will 
help to create an intelligent demand for 
better pabulum than the majority 
of managers now offer to the "tired 
business man." 

The Classes 



John B. Walker, Secretary 

50 East 34th Street, New York City 

The Annual Dinner of the New 

York Association on February 24th, was 

attended by ten '83 men. They were: 

Bardwell, Blanke, Marsh, Noyes, Rae, 

Harry Smith, Semple, Warren, John 

B. Walker, and Williston Walker. 

Dr. Howard A. Bridgman, editor- 
in-chief of the Congregationlist, spoke 
before the Christian Association Sun- 
day evening, January 24th, at seven 
o'clock on "Editorial Work as a 
a Profession." 

Walter Field is publishing a series 
of school readers, in collaboration with 
Mrs. Ella Flagg Young. The series 
will contain eight books in all, and 
is published by Ginn and Company. 
Two of the books have already come 
out and the next two will be brought 
out in the spring and early summer, to 
be followed with others later. 

Henry Fairbank, who is returning 
to India, was in New York en route, 
and was the guest of honor at a lun- 
cheon given by J. B. Walker, and in- 
cluding Bardwell, Marsh, Warren, and 
Semple. In Boston six of the '83 
men got together also for a luncheon. 
They were Bancroft, Guernsey, Sprout, 
Bridgman, Rugg, and Holcombe. 

William Orr recently made an ad- 
dress at the annual meeting of the 
Department of Superintendence of 
the National Education Association 
when that body met in Cincinnati. 


Frank E. Whitman, Secretary 
411 West 114th Street, New York, N.Y. 
We quote the following items from 
the reunion letter sent by the secre- 

tary of the class in preparation for 
the thirtieth anniversary. 

"The Montreal Gazette of January 
20th contains a long report from Mr. 
H. B. Ames, Honorary Secretary of 
the Five Million Dollar Canadian 
Patriotic Fund, which is being raised 
and administered for the soldiers' 
wives. Ames is very active in Canad- 
ian public life. 

"Barrows is no longer connected 
with the Dietetic and Hygienic Gazette 
which has lately been merged with 
the Critic and Guide (N. Y.). He has 
been connected with this for more 
than ten years. As yet it is uncertain 
whether he can attend the reunion, 
owing to the lure of the San Francisco 

"Breck sends a most interesting 
letter. He is Field Secretary of the 
Navy League of the United States, 
with headquarters in the Southern 
Building, Washington, D. C. Al- 
though he continues to lecture on 
nature, his duties with the Navy 
League take most of his time. He 
has spoken about one thousand times 
on Peace by Preparedness and Even- 
tual Disarmament by Agreement. He 
says 'McGraw has offered me a large 
salary to play short on the Giants, 
but if '85 is going up against '95 this 
June, of course I shall refuse his offer.' 

"For some reason or other, Glea- 
son's name has been given in the Am- 
herst address book as a non-graduate 
of '84, but I have taken steps to have 
his name inserted among the former 
members of '85. We certainly want 
his name where it belongs, and 'Stant' 
writes that he wants to be listed with 
*85 or not at all. Gleason will be with 
us for the reunion banquet at Com- 

"The following quotation from the 
Boston Transcript has been copied 
throughout the New England news- 
papers: *Rev. Sherrod Soule, super- 
intendent of the Missionary Society 
of Connecticut, will become pastor 
of the First Congregational Church, 
Danbury, Conn., February 1st.' It 
is incorrect. Although this is a large 
church with a very fine, new plant. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

800 members and an assistant pastor, 
Slierrod has listened to the protests 
and petitions of his directors and is 
to remain in Hartford." 

"Greene is well represented in Am- 
herst and elsewhere. His son, Phil- 
lips F. Greene, is in the present senior 
class and is also an instructor in the 
Amherst Department of Biology. Ed- 
ward B. Greene is a freshman there. 
Edward's room-mate is Theo. M. 
Greene, a half brother of Greene, '85. 
The second son of Greene, '85, is a 
junior in the Agricultural Depart- 
ment of the University of Wisconsin, 
and his youngest, a boy of fourteen, 
is at home in the Montclair High 

Frederick P. Noble has published 
"The Bible as Literature," an address 
delivered before the Research Club 
of Spokane, Wash. 

Alexander D. Noyes has been elected 
a member of the committee on ad- 
missions of the Century Association 
of New York City. 


Charles F. Marble, Secretary 
4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 
Clay H. Hollister has been elected 
president of the Old National Bank 
of Grand Rapids, Mich. The Com- 
mercial and Financial Chronicle speaks 
of him as "one of the ablest and best 
known bankers in his state." 

The New York Evening Post of Feb- 
ruary 27th contained an illustrated 
article on "Lansing, who helps Bryan." 

William F. Whiting now has two 
sons at Amherst, W' illiam 2d, a senior, 
and Edward Fairfield, a freshman. 


Frederic B. Pratt, Secretary 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
John De Lacy Linehan, a promi- 
nent New Y'ork lawyer, died at his 

home March 6th after a brief illness. 
He was born in Amherst and was a 
graduate of Amherst College and 
Fordham Law School. The funeral 
was held at the home, 790 East 175th 
Street, New York City on the 9th, at 
nine o'clock, with solemn requiem high 
mass at St. Raymond's Church at 
ten o'clock. Burial was in St. Ray- 
mond's Cemetery. 

Alvan F. Sanborn, for many years 
a resident of Paris, and correspondent 
there of the Boston Transcript, is 
now serving in the French army. A 
number of most interesting letters 
from him have appeared in the Tran- 
script, from two of which we print the 
following extracts. Under date of 
December 2d, from Paris, he wrote as 

"Our regiment includes represent- 
atives of nearly every country of 
Europe and of several countries over- 

"Russians and Belgians caught here 
by the war and unable to return home 
to serve in their own armies, and 
Alsatians, Lorraines, Czechs, and 
Poles, unwilling to fight for their 
oppressors, are particularly numerous. 
Next come Italians and Swiss, long 
resident in France, but not naturalized, 
and Germans who desire French cit- 
izenship because they have married 
into French families. There are also 
Portuguese, Spaniards, Hollanders, 
Luxembourgians, Canadians, Greeks, 
Roumanians, Servians, Turks, Ar- 
menians, Japanese, and heaven knows 
what not besides. A propitious 
milieu (like every regiment) for the 
study of character, this regiment af- 
fords besides an exceptional opportun- 
ity for the study of racial traits. 

"Alas, that my pen should, for the 
moment, be so nearly impotent as to 
be unequal to picturing for you our 
'Jimmy,' an ageless Britisher who 
certainly stepped out of Dickens to 
enlist. He has the identical head of 
the cracked kite-flier of 'David Cop- 
perfield,' whose name I forget — 
'Jimmy, who, with pipe and pajamas. 

The Classes 


was invariably the first thing to be 
seen of a morning (whatever the 
weather) in the barracks court, but 
whom we left one day by the wayside, 
because his perseverance did not 
suffice to compensate for the shortness 
of his bandy legs; or our superb, 
strapping, and swaggering Haytian 
negro pugilist, with 'the smile that 
won't come off,' who, by himself at- 
tracts, wherever we pass, more at- 
tention than all the rest of the regi- 
ment put together; or our inflammable 
little Portuguese, scarcely less black, 
who flaunts military medals he claims 
to have won in the colonial service, 
but who has had everything to learn 
about the handling of a gun; or our 
staccato Italian, whose rattling and 
explosive syllables, are fitting us for 
the sinister music of the mitrailleuse; 
or our Swiss jack-at-all-trades, worthy 
to figure beside the 'Soldiers Three,' 
who keeps himself in small change by 
divining our slightest needs and sat- 
isfying them with inventive com- 
bination of the odds and ends (string 
wire, scraps of cloth or leather) he 
manages to pick up here, there, and 
everywhere; or of 'grand-pere,' our 
lovable fifty-one-year-old Luxem- 
bourgian, who wept silently when he 
was obliged to 'give up the game' by 
reason of the imposition of the fully 
loaded knapsack; or of our handsome 
long-haired Polish musician, who re- 
fused to sign his enlistment until he 
was assured that the short clipper 
would not be passed over his hya- 
cinthine locks; or of a score of others 
— good fellows and bad fellows — 
who would furnish adorable grist for 
a novelist's mill." 

Another letter, dated December 
6th, is in part as follows: 

"My dear Friend: 
"Here I am at last 'at the front.' 
"I cannot tell you where nor by 
what way we came, for it is forbidden. 
Our departure, without our being 
warned of it officially, was preceded 
by a distribution of identification 
medals intended to be worn around 
the neck or wrist, and by an order to 
blacken our cooking utensils, to cover 
the buttons of our uniforms, to re- 
move any bits of color from our regi- 

mentals, and by numerous other rather 
doleful suggestions, which left us in 
no doubt of the intentions of our supe- 

"For the time being we are 'billeted' 
in a very little and rather mournful 
village, the name of which would mean 
nothing to you even if I were allowed 
to tell it. We sleep in the barns and 
deserted houses of the peasants, 
upon straw, which is more or less 
clean and so damp that there is not 
the least danger from smoking — for 
the Germans have been there before 
us. We are not allowed to undress at 
night. We are even obliged to keep 
our three cartridge boxes and the 
sling-straps of our rifles on our per- 
sons while we sleep. Very few of the 
natives have dared to stay here, and 
the houses and barns where we live 
are half ruined by raids, and are in a 
fair way of falling to pieces. The 
yards are full of bricks, plaster, and 
all sorts of rubbish, of rusty cooking 
utensils, and above all empty bottles. 
We hear the cannon thunder and 
rumble; we see squadrons of cavalry 
pass by; but for the present we are 
resting from the rigors of the great 
march which brought us where we are 

"We have been marching for more 
than six days, bearing on our backs a 
fearful leaden knapsack (the weight 
of which I will not venture to tell you, 
for fear of being accused of exaggera- 
tion). It was a frightful ordeal for 
my forty-eight years — an ordeal to 
which many of the younger men have 
succumbed. I have only put it aside 
once for an hour or two, and then only 
at the formal order of my sergeant, 
who wished to spare my age a little, 
in spite of my protests. 

"Before the end our feet were al- 
most a pulp and our shoulders ready 
to give way. W'e had several days of 
rain. Our uniforms, in consequence, 
made our nights almost unendurable, 
for we could not succeed in drying 
them, even around the fires which 
cooked our pottage for us. You 
should have seen us 'cuisiner' with our 
rifles ready, like our first New Eng- 
land colonists. Moreover, our stom- 
achs were often tormented by hunger, 
for we left before daybreak and marched 

240 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

until one or two in the afternoon with 
only a cup of coffee as sustenance, 
before breaking bread, for time or 
means were lacking for preparing a more 
copious repast before leaving or for 
cooking en route. 

"But all these hardships did not 
change our good humor. We sang all 
the way, despite everything (except 
at some places where too much noise 
might have attracted the attention 
of the enemy's patrols), and now we 
are waiting impatiently for ordeals 
equally severe and infinitely more 
perilous which are in store for us in 
the nearby trenches." 


Asa G. Baker, Secretary 
6 Cornell Street, Springfield, Mass. 

James A. Fairley is now secretary 
of the Unitarian Conference of the 
Middle States and Canada. 

John E. Oldham is chairman of the 
committee on public service corpora- 
tions of the Investment Bankers' As- 
sociation of America. 

The Volta Review for November con- 
tained an article by John D. Wright, 
on "V*liose Cause Is It.'" 

The last annual report of President 
Burton of Smith College contained 
the following: 

"The academic year under review 
has been marked by some serious losses 
in the Faculty. On February 20, 
1914, Prof. Arthur Henry Pierce, who 
for nearly fourteen years had occupied 
the chair of Psychology in this insti- 
tution, died suddenly of pneumonia. 
He was a man of thorough scholarship, 
unusual clearness of mind, and rare 
soundness of judgment. He was one 
upon whom many responsibilities were 
placed both within the College and in 
the larger world of scholarship to 
which he belonged. Of him, his 
friend. Prof. Herbert Vaughan Abbott, 
has written: 'Unusually clear and can- 
did in presenting the new views to 
which his science was especially prone, 
he could never be led into accepting 

statements simply because they were 
interesting or into rejecting a theory 
because it was not brilliant. He was 
anxious for the sobriety of truth. 
Clearly, logically, with a remarkably 
inclusive and well-proportioned com- 
prehension, he saw science steadily, 
and he saw it as a consistent, although 
growing whole.' 

"On Sunday afternoon, March 1, 
1914, the College gathered in John M. 
Greene Hall to pay its tribute to the 
memory of Professor Pierce. In an 
address beautifully tender and sin- 
cere. Prof. Harry Norman Gardiner 
spoke as a colleague and friend. In 
recognition of Professor Pierce's serv- 
ices as secretary of the American Psy- 
chological Association and as editor 
of the Psychological Bulletin, Prof. 
Howard C. Warren of Princeton Uni- 
versity was invited to take part in this 
memorial service. It is fitting to 
quote here the following paragraphs 
from his address: 

"'I have been particularly struck 
with his thorough conscientiousness 
in his editorial work, in which I knew 
him best. He was systematic in de- 
tail, yet not at all in a machine-like 
way — with never a word of criticism 
for the shortcomings of ot'aers — al- 
ways ready to step in when others 
failed — fertile in plans and efficient 
in bringing about their realization. 
Under him the Bulletin gained a reputa- 
tion, made a place for itself in the psy- 
chological world that it never attained 
before. I speak for all his editorial 
colleagues in saying that we feel not 
only a deep personal loss, but a pro- 
fessional gap in our ranks that will 
be most difficult to fill. 

"'In research and constructive 
thinking Arthur Pierce's interests were 
broad and varied. His first work, so 
far as I know, was on "Phenomena 
of Attention," a research conducted 
in the Harvard Laboratory with Pro- 
fessor Angell and published in 1892. 
Two years later he published a paper 
on the "Localization of Sound." For 
several years thereafter his attention 
was devoted to the study of Illusions, 
a field which his keen perception and 
sound judgment made him unusually 
fit to investigate. All these investi- 
gations were brought together in his 

The Classes 


chief work, "Studies in Auditory and 
Visual Space-Perception," which ap- 
peared in 1901. Since then his writ- 
ings have been mainly in the field of 
subconsciousness, dreams, and hyp- 
notic states, where his spirit of earnest, 
scientific inquiry carried the day and 
outbalanced the doubtful speculations 
which a number of writers have ad- 

"The organizer should take equal 
rank with the investigator as a con- 
tributor to science. In recent years 
Arthur Pierce has done much executive 
work for psychology. He was sec- 
retary of the American Psycholog- 
ical Association for three years, 1908- 
10, and would have been re-elected for 
another term had he cared to continue. 
He served from 1911 to 1913 as a 
member of the Council, which is the 
executive body of the Association. In 
both of these positions he did splen- 
did work, much of which will have a 
lasting effect. His talent for organ- 
ization and systematic execution has 
proved invaluable to the Association." 


H. H. BoswoRTH, Secretary 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 
Prof. William P. Bigelow was one 
of the speakers at the forty-first an- 
nual banquet of the Orpheus Club of 
Springfield, on March 4th. 

The New York Times of February 
7 th contained an article on the pres- 
idential candidates of 1916, by William 
E. Chancellor who reaches the conclu- 
sion that President Wilson will be 

Harry A. Smith has been elected 
president of the National Fire Insur- 
ance Company of Hartford, Conn. 


George Chandler Coit, Secretary 

Pemberton Building, Boston, Mass. 

The following members of the class 

were present at the Amherst Dinner 

in New York on February 24th: Child, 

Coit, Daniels, Deane, Duffey, Durand, 
H. C, Fay, Hare, Holden, Houghton, 
Hunt, Landfear, Low, McGlashan, 
MacNeill, Putnam, Raymond, E. D., 
Reynolds, Ricker, Sayles, Smith, H. A., 
Taft, West, White, Whitman, and 
Whitney. At the close of the dinner 
the class held a meeting at which 
Edwin B. Child resigned and George 
C. Coit was elected to succeed him as 
secretary and treasurer. 

Edwin Duffey has been appointed 
State Highway Commissioner of New 
York. His nomination was confirmed 
unanimously by the Senate, without 
the usual reference to a committee, on 
the motion of the democratic leader 
in the Senate, who said: 

"We Democrats are gratified to 
see the son of so loyal a Democrat as 
Hugh Duffey holding such an import- 
ant office under a Republican ad- 

Commenting on the appointment, 
the New York Evening Post said edi- 
torially : 

"From all accounts. Governor Whit- 
man has made another admirable ap- 
pointment to a great State bureau, in 
selecting Edwin Duffey, of Cortland, to 
head the State Highways Department. 
Mr. Duffey has been a successful 
lawyer and business man in Cortland 
County, which he served for a time as 
District Attorney; and is represented 
as a man of exceptional ability." 

On February 15th Duffey spoke on 
"Good Roads and Highway Engineer- 
ing," before the college of civil en- 
gineering at Cornell. 

Rev. Charles E. Ewing, formerly 
missionary at Tientsin, China, has 
accepted a call to the pastorate of the 
First Congregational Church at Janes- 
ville. Wis., one of the largest Congre- 
gational churches in the state. This 
is the church over which Rev. Robert 
C. Denison, '89, was settled several 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

years ago. Ewing's address is 60 So. 
Jackson Street, Janesville, Wis. 

A son, Charles Seymour, Jr., was 
born to Governor and Mrs. Whitman 
on March 11th. 


WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Secretary 
Easthampton, Mass. 

Arthur B. Chapin has been elected 
a director of the American Trust Com- 
pany of Boston. 

At the annual dinner of the Middle- 
bury College Alumni Association, held 
at Delmonico's, January 22d, H. A. 
Gushing was one of the speakers. 

Dr. Thomas W'. Jackson has re- 
turned from Manila after a service of 
several years in the medical corps of 
the army, and is now director of pub- 
lic health at Spartanburg, S. C. His 
return voyage was considerably in- 
terrupted because of the war. The 
German ship on which he was a pas- 
senger left Colombo before the dec- 
laration of war, but instead of pro- 
ceeding on its course returned to a 
Dutch port in Sumatra and in- 
terned. Dr. Jackson suffered from 
serious illness in Sumatra and later in 
Egypt, but eventually reached this 
country safely. 

W^illiam S. Marshall died February 
14th at his home, 554 Fletcher Street, 
Lowell, Mass., aged forty-five years. 
He was the son of Hon. Joshua N. 
Marshall, for many years one of the 
foremost lawyers of Lowell, with 
whom he studied after leaving college. 
He was later of the law firm of Burke, 
Marshall & Corbett, but had been an 
invalid for a number of years. He is 
survived by his wife, Emma D., and 
one daughter, Pauline F. Marshall. 


D. H. Roberts, Secretary 

Ypsilanti, Mich. 

The secretary has prepared a list 

of 1892 men who are in the teaching 

profession, as follows: 

Charles E. Burbank is principal of 
the North High School of Worcester, 


W^illiam E. Byrnes is not teaching, 
but has always been a business man. 

Allan P. Ball is assistant professor 
of Latin in the College of the City 
of New York. 

Arthur L. Brainerd is head of the 
German Department in the Dickinson 
High School, Jersey City, N. J. 

George H. Crandall is head of the 
Mathematics Department and Dean 
of New Cadets, Culver Military Acad- 
emy, Culver, Ind. 

George W. Emerson is principal of 
the Jewett City Schools, Jewett City, 

G. Preston Hitchcock is vice- 
chairman of the Faculty of Pratt 
Institute, New York City. His work 
is wholly administrative. 

William T. S. Jackson is head teacher 
in the Business High School of the 
public school system of the District 
of Columbia. 

Allen Johnson is professor of Amer- 
ican History at Yale University. 

Ambert G. Moody is General Busi- 
ness Manager of Mount Hermon School 
and Northfield Seminary. He is also 
clerk of the Board of Trustees and 
Assistant Treasurer. 

Elliott J. Northrop is professor of 
law in the College of Law of Tulane 
University, New Orleans, La. 

E. Dana Pierce has not been in edu- 
cational work for the last nine years. 

The Classes 


Dimon Roberts is Superintendent 
of the Training Department of the 
Michigan State Normal College, Ypsi- 
lanti, Mich. 

George B. Shattuck is professor of 
Geology at Vassar College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. 

Frederick L. Thompson is professor 
of History in Amherst College. 

James Baird, a non-graduate, is 
Principal of the Union School at 
Schenectady, N. Y. 

No reply was received from Her- 
bert L. Clark, Robert Clark, Willard 
J. Fisher, Louis D. Marriott, Fred- 
erick C. Staples, or Herbert H. Waite. 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 

Dr. Jesse Hall Allen has given his 
guarantee that John Dwight Allen 
will not put any dents in the Second 
Flight cup during the period of his 
possession. He is now living at Moy- 
lan. Pa., with an office at 1327 Spruce 
Street, Philadelphia. He has been 
appointed one of the chief surgeons of 
the M. E. Hospital of Philadelphia. 

John N. Barbour is completing his 
twentieth year as Secretary of the 
^Yo^cester Envelope Company. He 
has two daughters, aged six and ten. 

Dr. Edwin L. Bebee has been com- 
missioned by the Governor as Major 
in the Medical Corps of the National 
Guard of New York and assigned to 
duty as Surgeon of the 74th Infantry 
at Buffalo. 

Joseph A. Goodrich is completing 
his seventh year as pastor of the 
First Congregational Church of Jef- 
ferson, Ohio. During his pastorate 
new Sunday School rooms, parlors. 

dining-rooms, etc., have been added 
to the church property at a cost of 
nearly fifteen thousand dollars, and 
it is now one of the best equipped 
churches in the state, with a mem- 
bership which is steadily increasing. 
Goodrich continues his record as the 
"Marrying Parson," having united 
in marriage seventy-five couples in 

Charles H. Keating has returned 
to Mansfield, Ohio, from Washington, 
D. C, and is again in the active prac- 
tice of law after having spent eight 
years in the Treasury Department of 
the Government. 

John L. Kemmerer has been elected 
a director of the Coal and Iron Na- 
tional Bank of New York City. 

Frank M. Lay has been elected vice- 
president of the Kewanee State Sav- 
ings Bank and Trust Company of 
Kewanee, 111. 

Charles D. Norton has been elected 
to the board of trustees of the Ameri- 
can Academy in Rome. 

J. H. Olmsted is completing his 
fourth year as pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church in Homer, N. Y. 

Walter L. Tower is now living at 
Southern Pines, N. C. 

Dr. Robert I. Walker graduated 
from the Boston University Medical 
School in 1914. He is practising medi- 
cine at New Bedford, Mass., and 
has charge of a surgical clinic at the 
New Bedford City Mission. He has 
a small farm near New Bedford, 
where he spends his leisure hours. 

C. G. Wood has been elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education of Cache 
County, Utah. 

Herbert C. Wood is now practising 
law in Cleveland. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


William S. Tyler, Secretary 

30 Church Street, New York City 

Mrs. Walter W. Breck, died suddenly 
at Orange, N. J., on December 4, 1914. 
She disappeared on that day and it was 
not known what had become of her 
until her body was found on January 
25th in a small pond near her home. 
Mrs. Breck had been suffering from 
nervous disease for some time. 

Robert H. Mainzer has been elected 
a director of the State Bank of New 
York City. 

The New York Sun of February 
28th contained an illustrated article 
descriptive of "The Braes," the new 
country home of Herbert L. Pratt at 
Dosoris Park, Long Island. The fol- 
lowing paragraphs are of particular 

"Rotherwas House, famous for its 
years and its magnificent appoint- 
ments, stood near Hereford. For some 
reasons its fittings, furniture, and 
carvings came into the market. It 
was advertised widely that the old 
building was to be dismantled and its 
rich adornments scattered. English 
dealers were keen bidders at the sale, 
but Mr. Pratt got what he wanted 
and his agents bought in the best 
that was offered. The gem was the 
dining-room, the old banqueting hall 
of cavaliers, 'the walnut room,' as it 
was called. 

"Somehow the ceiling would not 
yield to the efforts that were made 
to bring it away and before it was 
ruined in the destruction of the manor, 
measurements and casts were taken 
so that it could be reproduced in every 
detail. This has been done and the 
panelling now makes an Elizabethan 
living-room exactly as it was on the 
English moor. The hall is the 
triumph of the Pratt mansion, the 
show room so to speak, wonderfully 
beautiful and quaint and meeting the 
most exacting criticism." 

Dwight W. Morrow is now a mem- 
ber of the firm of J. P. Morgan and 

The Boston Herald of January 15th 
contained the following editorial 

"That forty-two word inaugural 
speech of President Coolidge is making 
the rounds of the newspapers all over 
the country. No speech of the sea- 
son is getting higher praise." 

Lieut O. R. Booth, U. S. A., died last 
fall at Ft. Bayard, New Mexico. He 
had seen service in Cuba, Porto Rico 
and the Philippine Islands, and had 
worked himself up to a commission 
without the advantage of a course at 
West Point. 

Clinton Hiram Ward was killed in an 
automobile accident July 22, 1914. 
Ever since leaving college he had been 
associated with bis father in the whole- 
sale lumber and general merchandising 
business in Moretown, Vt. 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary 

1368 Commonwealth Avenue, Allston, 


Merrill E. Gates, Jr., has been 
appointed Deputy Assistant District 
Attorney of New York County. 

J. H. Chase is engaged in betterment 
work in Youngstown, Ohio. During the 
winter months he is superintendent 
of school social centers and in the 
summer superintendent of playgrounds. 
He is also commissioner of Boy Scouts. 

Following is a list of '96 men en- 
gaged in teaching or kindred work: 

O. A. Beverstock, headmaster of 
Carteret Academy, Montclair, N. J. 

Sumner Blakemore, associate head- 
master of Heathcote School, Harri- 
son, N. Y. 

The Classes 


C. J. Adams, teacher of English in 

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Mass. 

A. L. Bouton, professor of English 

and dean of College of Arts. New York 


W. L. Corbin, professor of English, 
Wells College, Aurora, N. Y. 

W. F. Davis, vice-principal of Spen- 
cer's Business School, and principal of 
the commercial department, Kingston, 
N. Y. 

M. O. Dunning, the Doshisha, 
Kyoto, Japan. 

L. H. Ensworth, instructor depart- 
ment of commerce. Northeast High 
School, Philadelphia. 

W. W. Gardner, teacher of physics 
and mathematics. Technical High 
School, Providence. 

S. P. Hayes, professor of psychol- 
ogy, Mt. Holyoke College. 

J. H. Haskell, college pastor and 
teacher of Psychology, Fisk Univer- 
sity, Nashville, Tenn. 

H. F. Houghton, teacher of Mathe- 
matics in North High School, Wor- 

G. H. Jewett, head of department of 
Modern Languages, Montclair Acad- 
emy, N. J. 

Everett Kimball, professor of His- 
tory, Smith College, Northampton. 

F. B. Loomis, professor of Compara- 
tive Anatomy, Amherst College. 

L. I. Loveland, principal of Potts- 
town, Pa., High School. 

J. W. Lumbard, superintendent of 
schools. White Plains, N. Y. 

F. A. Lombard, the Doshisha, Ky- 
oto, Japan. 

C. E. McKinney, Jr., head assist- 
ant in Central Commerce and Manual 
Training High School, Newark. 

C. T. Porter, assistant principal of 
Classical High School, Worcester. 

C. C. Spooner, professor of Mathe- 
matics, Northern State Normal School, 
Marquette, Mich. 

L. C. Stone, teacher of Mathematics, 
Boys' High School, Brooklyn, and 
assistant principal of Brooklyn Even- 
ing School for Men. 

H. M. Thayer, junior master. Girls' 
High School, department of Science, 

H. E. Gregory and E. B. Holt, both 
ex-members of the class, are also 
teaching. Gregory is Silliman Pro- 
fessor of Geology at Yale, and Holt is 
assistant professor of Psychology at 

The Annals of the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science recently 
published a discussion of the income 
tax law by Mortimer L. Schiff, which 
the New York Sun speaks of as "a com- 
prehensive and thoroughly interesting 

The Commercial and Financial 
Chronicle of February 27th reprinted 
a portion of the address of Roberts 
Walker before the Oklahoma Bar As- 
sociation on December 28th. The 
address has aroused much favorable 


Dr. B. Kendall Emerson, Secretary 

72 West Street, Worcester, Mass. 

Arthur F. Warren is president of 

the Schoolmasters Association of New 

York City. 

In The Philippine Craftsman for 
December, 1914, is an illustrated 
article by Francis E. Egan, supervising 
teacher in Bontoc, on "Some Indus- 
trial Achievements by the Public 
Schools of the Mountain Province." 
It deals largely with the art of 
weaving, especially with the proficiency 
attained in some provinces where 
weaving had become a lost art. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


Rev. Charles W. Merriam, Secretary 
31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 
At a recent meeting of the First 
Congregational Church of East Or- 
ange, N. J., resolutions were adopted 
warmly appreciating the splendid work 
done by the pastor. Rev. Ferdinand 
Q. Blanchard, during his pastorate 
of nearly eleven years. He has taken 
up his new work at Euclid Avenue, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 


Charles I. DeWitt, Secretary 
60 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. 

The secretary has no information 
concerning the present address of 
Frederick N. Dewar, recently located 
at Fort George, B. C, Canada. 

Dr. James C. Graves, Jr., has 
changed his address in Spokane, Wash., 
and is now located at 1108 Eighth 
Avenue, West. 

The daughter of Mr. and Mrs- 
Burges Johnson, whose birth was re- 
corded in the January issue of the 
Quarterly, has been named Miriam 
Jarvis Johnson. 

Burges Johnson has accepted a posi- 
tion as assistant professor of English 
at Vassar, and will have charge of the 
publicity work of the college, in addi- 
tion to teaching. Since graduation 
Johnson has been engaged in news- 
paper and journalistic work, being 
for some time connected with the 
publishing house of G. P. Putnam's 
Sons, then with Harper & Brothers, 
and afterwards assistant editor of 
Everybody s Magazine and editor of 
Judge. He has recently published a 
volume entitled " Rhymes of Little 
Folks." He is at present manager of 
the educational department of E. P. 
Button & Co. 

Henry P. Kendall has been elected 
a member of the admissions committee 
of the University Club of Boston. 

Rufus E. Miles is director of the 
Ohio Institute for Public Efficiency, 
with offices in the Hartman Building, 
Columbus, Ohio. This is a new 
organization, the object of which is to 
promote the efficiency of state, county, 
city, and school administration, prin- 
cipally in Ohio. 

James Sturgis is no longer at 50 
Congress Street, Boston, and the 
secretary has no information as to 
his present address. 

A daughter was born to Rev. and 
Mrs. Wellington H. Tinker on July 
12, 1914. She is named Barbara 

The class of '99 was well repre- 
sented at the Boston alumni dinner 
held at the Copley Plaza on January 
28th. J. W. Russell, Jr., and C. H. 
Cobb appeared in the cast of the 
minstrel show which was a feature of 
the evening. 

The '99 men turned out in good 
numbers at the New York dinner. In 
rank of attendance, the class of '99 
was among the highest; considering 
the number of '99 men in the vicinity 
of New York, this was a very remark- 
able showing. The following were 
present: A. E. Austin, F. E. Bedford, 
R. W. Botham, F. H. Clark, C. L. 
DeWitt, R. S. Dugan, R. P. Eastman, 
G. A. Elvins, W. H. Gilpatrick, W. H. 
Griffin, R. E. Hatch, A. Haviland, 
A. C. Henderson, B. Johnson, H. P. 
Kendall, J. H. Marriott, C. F. Merrill, 
W. F. Merrill, C. E. Mitchell, J. W. 
Russell, Jr., A. H. Sharp, R. C. Smith, 
E. E. Thompson, E. D. ToUes, C. W. 

The Classes 



Walter A. Dyer, Acting Secretary 
Hempstead, N. Y. 

Fred Harlen Klaer was born Febru- 
ary 7, 1878. He entered college from 
Milford, Pa. He was a member of 
the track team for four years, his 
event being the half-mile. During 
his junior and senior years he was 
captain of the team. At graduation 
he was elected permanent secretary 
of the class. He was one of the 
most generally liked and respected 
men in the class. After graduation 
he studied medicine at the University 
of Pennsylvania, where he received 
the degree of M. D. in 1904. From 
1904 to 1906 he was Resident Physi- 
cian at the University Hospital, Phil- 
adelphia, serving as Chief Resident 
Physician during the last three months. 
After 1906 he practiced medicine in 
Philadelphia. From 1906 to 1908 he 
was also Assistant Instructor in Medi- 
cine at the University of Pennsylvania; 
1908 to 1914, Instructor in Medicine; 
1907 to 1909, physician in Medical 
Dispensary, University Hospital; 1909 
to 1914, physician in charge of same. 
He was also for several years consulting 
physician to the Chester County 
Hospital, West Chester, Pa. He was 
a member of Phi Delta Theta, Phi 
Alpha Sigma, Alpha Omega Alpha, 
and Sigma Xi fraternities; of the 
Pathological Society of Philadelphia, 
serving as Recorder for several terms 
of the Philadelphia County Medical 
Society, the Pennsylvania State Med- 
ical Society, and the American Med- 
ical Association. He was an occa- 
sional contributor to the medical 
journals. He married Mary Wood 
Howland on November 16, 1907. One 
daughter, Mary Frothingham, was 
born February 25, 1909. Both sur- 
vive him. In July, 1914, he had an 

attack of pleurisy from which he 
apparently recovered, so that he went 
back to his work November 1st. But 
about the middle of December he had 
a set-back and decided to give up 
work for a year and try to build up 
his health. He went to Saranac 
Lake, but the treatment could not save 
him, and in February he was moved 
back to Philadelphia. He died of a 
tubercular-pleurisy complication at the 
University Hospital, Philadelphia, Sat- 
urday night, February 27th. Funeral 
services were held at 1805 Pine Street, 
Philadelphia, on Tuesday afternoon, 
March 2d. The class was represented 
by Prof. Harold C. Goddard of Swarth- 
more. Pa., and Howard S. Kinney, 
Esq., of New^^York. 

Francis Arthur Morris died of 
Bright's disease on February 16th at 
his home in Yonkers, N. Y. He was 
born at Monson, Mass., October 8, 
1878, and prepared for college at 
Monson Academy and Williston Sem- 
inary. In college he was manager 
of the Student and a member of the 
Theta Delta Chi Fraternity. After 
graduation he had several business 
positions in New York City; since 
1907 he had been piu-chasing agent 
for the International Steam Pump 
Company. He was married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1906. He was a member of 
the Odd Fellows. 

E. Payson Davis is manager of a 
branch of the Fels-Naphtha Soap 
Company, with his office at 100 Church 
Street, New York City. 

The March issue of World's Work 
contained an article by Walter A. 
Dyer on "The Hetty Browne Method 
of Teaching." 

A story by Walter A. Dyer, entitled 
"Pierrot: Dog of Belgium," has 
been published by Doubleday, Page & 

248 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Co. It is dedicated to the Belgium 
Relief Commission. 

The H. W. Wilson Company, of 
White Plains, N. Y., republished in 
January "The Vision of Anton," by 
Walter A. Dyer. 

A son, Crescens Garman, was born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Crescens Hubbard, 
on December 29th in White Plains, 
N. Y. 

Prof. Harold C. Goddard, head of 
the English Department at Swarth- 
more, is the author of three short 
plays of the theme of woman suffrage. 
The titles are "The Sisters," "The 
Voices," and "Three in White," and 
they take up respectively, the domes- 
tic, political, and economic aspects 
of the suffrage question. A number 
of performances are being given in 
Pennsylvania and other states where 
suffrage campaigns are in progress. 
On February 26th The Play and 
Players — the leading amateur dra- 
matic association of Philadelphia — 
produced "The Sisters" and "The 

Rev. Charles L. Gomph is now rec- 
tor of Grace Church, Newark, N. J. 

Robert L. Grant, formerly of Walla 
Walla, Wash., is now with Charles M. 
Pratt & Co., 26 Broadway, New York 
City. He is living at 55 South Fuller- 
ton Avenue, Montclair, N. J. 

Arthur V. Lyall is suffering from 
neuritis and has been spending the 
winter at Bedford, N. Y. 

Harold I. Pratt has been elected a 
director of the Metropolitan Trust 
Company of New York. 

David Whitcomb is a director of 
the Title Trust Company of Seattle, 

Owing to the death of Dr. Klaer, 
the duties of class secretary will be 
discharged until next June by Walter 
A. Dyer, 65 Greenwich Street, Hemp- 
stead, N. Y. R. L. Grant will act as 
editor of the Class Book. 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary 
14 Wall Street, New York City 

John P. Adams was married on May 
9, 1914, by the Rev. Dr. L. Mason 
Clarke of Brooklyn, to Mrs. Georgia 
McCord Bobbins, daughter of the late 
George Herbert McCord. They are 
living at 69 Havemeyer Place, Green- 
wich, Conn. 

Arthur W. Towne, superintendent 
of the Brooklyn Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, was 
one of the speakers in a coiu^se of lec- 
tures on social work given this winter 
by the New York School of Philan- 

The following men were among those 
of 1901 present at the banquet of New 
York Association on February 24th: 
Adams, Bates, Bell, Chambers, East- 
man, Everett, Farrell, Goodell, Herrick, 
F. K. Kretschmar, Mitchell, H. V. D. 
Moore, Morse, Pelton, Phillips, Towne, 
Vanderbilt, Wiggins. 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary 
30 South Street, Campello, Mass. 
Rev. Clarence A. Lincoln is pastor 

of the Kirk Street Congregational 

Church, Lowell, Mass. 


Clifford P. W.^rrex, Secretary 
26 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 
Albert W. Atwood has had some very 
interesting articles of late in the Satur- 
day Evening Post, which have attracted 
wide attention. These included. 

The Classes 


" Crushing the People for War Money," 
" Hoarded Gold," and " Thinking in 
Nine Figures." 

T. De Witt Priddy is now running a 
ranch at Laurenti, Klondike Planta- 
tion, Fla. 

Theodore W. Seckendorff is travel- 
ing passenger agent of the Penn. R.R., 
with headquarters at the Broad Street 
Station, Philadelphia. 

Frederick N. Stone is an examiner 
in the Patent OflBce at Washington, 
D. C. 

The class had ten men at the alumni 
dinner in New York, February 24th. 
They were Atwood, Breed, Favour, 
Fisher, " Babe " Gould, Hayes, Jones, 
J. A., Longman, Scott, and Seckendorff. 

The following have recently been 
added to the class membership: Leslie 
Robertson Phalen, November 27, 1914 
Alpheus L. Favour, November 6, 1914 
Albert Karl Roehrig, January 6, 1915 
Arthur Birge, Jr., March 1, 1915; and 
a Miss Atwood of Princeton, N. J. 


Rev. Karl O. Thompson, Secretary 
11213 Itaska Street, Cleveland, Ohio 
Robert M. Baker has been advanced 
to full professor of astronomy and 
director of the observatory at the 
University of Missouri. 


John B. O'Brien, Secretary 
309 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y 
The class of 1905 will hold its De- 
cennial Reunion in June. The class 
headquarters will be at the Pease 
House on Northampton Road. 1905 
was the first class to have this house 
for reunion purposes and has held all 
its reunions at the same place. The 
fact that 1905 is coming back for a 

reunion this June indicates that there 
will be a lively Commencement this 
year. The Triennial and Sexennial 
Reunions of this class are well re- 
membered and while the reunion this 
year will be somewhat different in 
character from those previously held, 
there will be no lack of "something 
doing all the time" around Amherst 
as long as 1905 is on deck. The execu- 
tive committee is not yet prepared to 
give out the details concerning the 
reunion and there will be some special 
surprises which will not be made known 
to anyone in advance. This year the 
grounds around headquarters are to be 
enclosed. The uniforms are espe- 
cially fine, but the committee refuses 
to tell what they are. A luncheon to 
the class wives will be held on Monday 
noon and on Monday night the class 
supper will take place at Rose War- 
ren's, So. Deerfield, and at the same 
time the class wives will have a class 
supper of their own. 

More men have already signified 
their intention to the class secretary 
to be present than were on hand either 
in 1906, 1908, or 1911. If 1895 is to 
win the Reunion Trophy Cup again, 
they will find strong opposition in '05. 
The Decennial Reunion is usually 
considered the best reunion which any 
class holds and 1905 intends to make 
it the best ten year reunion Amherst 
has ever seen. The executive com- 
mittee having the reunion in charge 
consists of: R. E. Rollins, Chairman; 
J. B. O'Brien, Class Secretary; H. F. 
Coggeshall, Vancleve Holmes, A. S. 
Nash, E. C. Crossett, G. B. Utter, 
and H. H. C. Weed, Class President. 

John G. Anderson is taking graduate 
work at Columbia University this year. 
Since graduating from Amherst in 
1905, Anderson has won 150 first prizes. 
His most notable achievements were 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

the winning of the Massachusetts State 
title in 1907 and 1911, Finalist in the 
French Championship in 1911, Semi- 
Finalist for the Championship of 
France in 1912, and Finalist for the 
United States Championship in 1913. 
He is a member of the Brae Burn 
Country Club (West Newton) and 
is a monthly contributor on golf sub- 
jects to the following publications: 
Golf Illustrated (Great Britain), Golf 
Illustrated and Outdoor America, Golf, 
and Vanity Fair. His articles every 
Monday morning, in the New York 
Sun are attracting wide attention, 
and he is regarded as one of the two 
or three leading experts on golf in this 
country. He has published "The Fes- 
senden Spelling Book," "Junior Ref- 
erence Book in English," and "Golf 
Poems." 1905 hopes to stage a golf 
match at Amherst this Commence- 
ment between Anderson and Ouimet. 

William R. Benedict has remained 
in Mexico despite the troublesome 
times there. He is Metallurgist in 
charge of the cyanide plant of the 
Alvarado Mining and Milling Com- 
pany at Parral, Chihuahua, Mex. 
"Benny" writes that he is going to 
make every effort possible to get 
back at Amherst this June for the 
1905 Decennial. 

Charles R. Blyth is engaged in the 
bond business in San Francisco, Cal., 
the firm being Blyth, Witter and Co., 
with offices in the Merchants Exchange. 

Robert James Bottomly and Mrs. 
Margaret Dunn Spencer of Waltham, 
Mass., were married on Wednesday, 
March 3d. Mrs. Spencer is the widow 
of Arthur C. Spencer, an attorney, of 
Brattleboro, Vt., who died about six 
years ago. Bottomly is a lawyer and 
is secretary of the Good Government 
Association of Boston. 

Rex Boynton sang the tenor part in 
the Handel and Haydn Society's pro- 
duction of "The Messiah" at Sym- 
phony Hall, Boston, on Monday 
evening, December 21st. He is now 
singing tenor in the quartette at Cen- 
tral Church, Boston. 

William D. Eaton is with the Dob- 
inson Engraving Company, 275 Wash- 
ington Street, Boston. He is drawing 
cover designs for them. 

A daughter, Sally Elizabeth, was 
born on December 14, 1914, to Mr. and 
Mrs. Arthur F. Noble, of 8 Cole Avenue, 
Providence, R. I. 

C. Irving Peabody is now teaching 
in the Country Day School at Kansas 
City, Mo. 

Clarence Nelson Stone is now in 
the advertising business with Wood, 
Putnam and Wood at 111 Devonshire 
Street, Boston. 

Rev. Edwin H. Van Etten was one 
of the speakers at the annual dinner 
of the Church Club of New York 
City on January 25th. 

The 1905 Club of Boston and other 
points in New England suburban to 
Amherst held another very success- 
ful dinner on December 16th at Louis's. 
It was fully up to the Boston standard. 
Those attending included: Palmer, 
Ryan, Warren, Judge, Baldwin, Nor- 
ton, Orrell, Lewis, Green, Utter, Bond, 
and Rounseville. Those who could 
not come sent interesting letters. 

The 1905 men present at the New 
York Alumni dinner included: Baily, 
Crowell, Fort, Freeman, Grover, Hale, 
Hopkins, Nash, Nickerson, Noble, 
Raftery, Rathburn, Townsend, and 

The Classes 



Robert C. Powell, Secretary 
The Elmwood, Baltimore, Md. 
F. W. Denio is secretary of the 
preferred stockholders' protective com- 
mittee of the Pere Marquette Rail- 

Ernest H. Gaunt had an article in 
the Outlook for December 30th, on 
"Profit Sharing Not a Dream." 

Musical America, February 13th, 
contained the following: 

"Music-lovers who have heard the 
American tenor, George Harris, Jr., 
in concert and recital will be inter- 
ested in knowing that it was Mr. 
Harris who made the English trans- 
lation of the libretto of 'Mme. Sans 
Gene,' the new Italian opera, by 
Giordano, which was produced at the 
Metropolitan Opera House a few 
weeks ago." 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary 
262 Lake Avenue, Newton Highlands, 
Bruce F. Barton had an article "The 
Tyranny of the Text" in the Out- 
look of December 30th. 

Owen A. Locke's address is now 
2058 East 88 Street, Cleveland, Ohio. 
He is associated in business with 
John R. Milligan. 

The engagement of Walter S. Price 
to Miss Helen Segar of Westerly, R. I., 
has recently been announced. Miss 
Segar graduated from Wellesley in 

Rev. John D. Willard, formerly 
assistant secretary to the Hampden 
County Improvement Association, has 
been secured as secretary to the 
Franklin County Farm Bureau. Wil- 
lard is well known particularly for 
his activity with the society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children. 


H. W. ZiNMASTER, Secretary 

Duluth, Minn. 

Sumner W. Cobb is now connected 

with the Converse Rubber Shoe 

Company, 84 Reade Street, New 

York City. 

Harold C. Keith and family are in 
California for the Exposition. Mr. 
Keith is making this trip partly on 
business and pleasure. 

Niles & Goodell, selling agents for 
the Converse Rubber Shoe Company, 
are marketing a new tire, "Tuff-E- 
Nufif." They are making great strides 
on this tire. 

Ned Powley, with the Pacific Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, San 
Francisco, was among the first who 
talked over the telephone with New 
York City. 

William B. Tracy has just com- 
pleted a handsome residence in Ger- 
man town. Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Ives Washburn, 
Jr., have returned from Paris and are 
located in New York. 

Among the 1908 men who attended 
the annual Amherst banquet held at 
the Hotel Biltmore, New York City, 
February 24th, were: Welles, Sayre, 
Niles, Goodell, Washburn, Kimball, 
Paine, Wolff, Gibson, Connell, Mer- 
rill, and Cobb. 


Edward H. Sudbury, Secretary, 
343 Broadway, New York City 
Robert D. Eaglesfield is in the^ 
automobile business with Haskins 
and Hobson of Richmond, Va. 

The Springfield Republican of Jan- 
uary 27th contained the following: 

"The many friends of Thomas R. 
Hickey will be pleased to know he 

252 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

was one of the fifty who successfully 
passed the examination for the bar 
before the board of bar examiners in 
Boston last Tuesday. There were 
one hundred and thirty who took the 
examinations and only fifty passed. 
Mr. Hickey is a Hadley boy and the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. David S. Hickey 
of North Hadley. He has spent his 
summers on his father's farm and his 
work there has been very successful. 
He is a graduate of Hopkins Academy 
and Amherst College, 1909, and Bos- 
ton University Law School, 1914. 
After graduating from Amherst he 
taught in Norwalk, Conn., and Tur- 
ners Falls High Schools." 

Wilbur B. Jones, Esq., was married 
to Miss Irene Clifford in St. Louis 
on October 28, 1914. 

Walter R. Main was graduated 
from Yale Law School last June and 
was admitted to the Connecticut Bar 
in the fall. He has recently withdrawn 
from the law offices of Edward A. 
Harriman in New Haven and has en- 
tered the firm of Walter A. Main & 
Son in West Haven, Conn. 

A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. 
David R. Mowry last December. 
He is brother of the 1909 class boy. 

Rev. Watson Wentworth has taken 
up missionary work in Mexico. With 
Mrs. Wadsworth he left this coun- 
try the last of the summer and is now 
stationed in the interior. His per- 
manent address is Sherburne, Vt. 


f Clarence Francis, Secretary 
517 Union Trust Building, Detroit, 

An engagement of peculiar interest 
is that of W. Evans Clark, son of the 
late Dr. William Brewster Clark, '76, 
of New York, to Miss Frieda Kirch- 
wey, daughter of Prof. George W. 
Kirchwey, of the Columbia Law School. 

Robert A. Hardy has been ap- 
pointed editor of Good Storekeeping, a 
trade review for the use of merchants, 
which is published by the Good House- 
keeping Co. 

Graham B. Jacobus, formerly of 
New York, took a position in January 
in the drapery department of Mar- 
shall Field & Co's wholesale house of 

Albert R. Jube, of Newark, N. J., 
was married recently to Miss Norma 
Warren Chipman of that city. Ed- 
ward T. Bedford, 2d, acted as best 
man, and among the ushers was 
William A. Vollmer, '09, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

A son, Benedict Hubbard Sampson, 
2d, was born on February 14th to Mr. 
and Mrs. B. H. Sampson of Riverside, 

In the July, 1914, number of the 
Journal of English and Germanic 
Philology was a review of "Aaron 
Hill, Poet, Dramatist, Projector," 
by Dorothy Brewster, written by 
George F. Whicher. 

Raymond H. Wiltsie is in business 
in Lincoln, 111. 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary 
144 Pearl Street, New York City 
Laurence W. Babbage was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar last December 
and is now practising law at No. 1101 
Essex Building, Newark, N. J. Home 
address, 80 Douglas Road, Glenridge, 
N. J. 

Clifford B. Ballard is visitor for the 
Massachusetts State Board of Charity. 
Address, Box 382, Northampton, Mass. 

G. Winthrop Brainerd is with the 
Judd Paper Co., Holyoke, Mass. 

The Classes 


A son, Arthur Randall, was born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Merton P. Corwin, 
on July 7, 1914. Corwin is head of 
the Mathematical Department of 
Jamestown High School, Jamestown, 
N. Y. His eldest son, born August 
30. 1912, is the 1911 class boy. 

Frank Gary, who is studying theol- 
ogy at Oberlin, coached the Oberlin 
football team in their successful sea- 
son last fall. 

Harold P. Cranshaw is living at 
106 Strathmore Road, Brookline, Mass. 
He is treasurer of the Wright Cutter 
Co. Cranshaw is a member of the 
Executive Committee of the Boston 
Alumni Association and a member of 
the Commencement Committee of 
the Alumni Council. 

Frank R. Elder is teaching at Rich- 
mond College, Richmond, Va. 

George A. Heermans is assistant 
secretary of the Corning Cooperative 
Savings & Loan Association, Corning, 
N. Y., and is also selling bonds for Har- 
ris, Forbes & Co., of New York. 
Heermans was recently married to 
Miss Ella Roe. 

T. Leo Kane is traveling through 
the middle west for the David Williams 
Co. His home address is 323 Grove 
Street, Montclair, N. J. 

John H. Keyes left the U. S. Forest 
Service last June. He is now with 
the Humphrey Machine Co., of Keene, 
N. H. 

John J. Lamb is with the Singer 
Manufacturing Co., of Bridgeport, 
Conn. His engagement to Miss Lil- 
lian T. Leathen was annomiced last 
year. His address is 300 Colorado 
Avenue, Bridgeport, Conn. 

A daughter, Georgia Duncan 
McCague, was born on January 1st 
to Mr. and Mrs. John L. McCague, 

Jr. McCague is secretary of the 
Wilson Steam Boiler Co., of Omaha, 

Harold S. Miller attended the Inter- 
national Rubber Convention in Lon- 
don last June. After the convention 
he traveled through Holland, Ger- 
many, Switzerland, and France. He 
is now employed as assistant to Wil- 
liam Beach Pratt (Amherst, '95), Chem- 
ical Engineer. Address, 514-516 Atlan- 
tic Avenue, Boston, Mass. 

James W. Post is cashier of the First 
National Bank of Torrance, Cal. 

L. W. Roberts is manager of the 
Utica, N. Y., branch of the Fiske 
Rubber Co. 

Charles B. Rugg was elected in 
December, 1914, to a two years' term 
on the Worcester Common Council. 
Rugg is permanent secretary of the 
class of 1914 of Harvard Law School. 

Waldo Shumway, who is studying 
and assisting in the Department of 
Zoology at Columbia University, re- 
cently published a paper in the Jour- 
nal of Experimental Zoology. 

The engagement of G. Noyes Slay- 
ton to Miss Pauline F. Boynton has 
been announced. Slayton is with the 
law firm of Burlingham, Montgomery 
& Beecher, 27 William Street, New 
York City. 

W. Winthrop Smith is studying the- 
ology at the Philadelphia Divinity 

Lewis B. Walker is with the United 
Shoe Machinery Co. Address, 318 
West 57th Street, New York City. 

H. H. Whitney is teaching at Rah- 
way High School, Rahway, N. J. 

Edmund S. Whitten was married on 
August 26, 1914, to Miss Dorothy 
Julia Schartles at Asheville, N. C. 


Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

Nineteen-eleven had the second 
largest attendance at the New York 
Alumni Banquet with thirty-two men 
present. Nineteen-thirteen was first 
with thirty-three. 

Robert L. Bridgeman, Jr., was mar- 
ried to Miss Marjorie P. Moore on 
February 17th. 

Edmund K. Crittenden is in the 
advertising business with The Erick- 
son Co., 136 West 44th Street, New 
York City. 

Frank C. Hatch, Jr., is representing 
Horlick's Malted Milk Co. in Con- 
necticut. His present address is 165 
York Street, New Haven, Conn. 

Robert B. Hine is selling for the 
Simmons Hardware Co. Address, 58 
Market Street, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Lyndon E. Lee has taken the degree 
of Doctor of Chiropractic, and is prac- 
tising at 126 South 1st Avenue, Mt. 
Vernon, N. Y. 

Edward B. Lloyd is serving as dis- 
trict foreman for the Massachusetts 
Highway Commission. 

Ralph P. Smith is assistant super- 
intendent of the Owosso Foundry of 
the American Malleables Co. Home 
address, .313 North Park Street, Owosso, 
Mich. A son, Ralph Potter Smith, Jr., 
was born July 5, 1913. 

F. Prentice Abbott of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., had a poem entitled "Spring 
Song in B," in a recent number of Life. 

William S. Woodside of Kane, Pa., 
has since January been representing his 
company in Chicago, with an office 
in the Corn Exchange Building. 

Alan M. Fairbank, a student at 
the Union Theological Seminary, has 
announced his engagement to Miss 
Adele Norton of Lakeville, Conn. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Herbert G. Lord, Jr., and Miss 
Dorothea Wehrhane, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry Wehrhane of Llewel- 
lyn Park, N. J. The wedding will 
take place on May 15th. 

Hylton L. Bravo is with the Wash- 
burn Lumber Co., of Toledo, Ohio. 

The engagement has been announced 
of George R. Yerrall, Jr., and Miss 
Nellie H. Ferguson. 

Frederick J. Pohl, instructor in Eng- 
lish at Ohio Wesleyan University, 
read a paper at the college meeting of 
the National Council of Teachers of 
English which met recently in Chi- 
cago, on the teaching of English to 

The engagement of J. Hardison 
Stevens to Miss Naiveta Caeciilia 
Morgan of Chicago, 111., has been an- 
nounced. Stevens, who is a member 
of the First Cavalry, 111., National 
Guard, sustained a fracture of the leg 
in drill, and when in the hospital the 
frequent visits of Miss Morgan were 
the occasion of bringing to a climax a 
very pretty romance, as chronicled by 
the Chicago Tribune of December 2d, 
in which an article under the caption 
"Wounded Trooper W^oos in Hos- 
pital," appeared. Mr. Stevens is sec- 
retary of the Amherst Young Alumni 
Association of Chicago. 

Paul F. Scantlebury is with the 
Craig Lumber Co., of Winchester, 


Beeman p. Sibley, Secretary 

639 West 49th Street, New York City 

The engagement has been announced 

of C. Francis Beatty and Miss Helen 

Corning, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The Classes 


George L. Dawson has resigned his 
position in the Uniontown, Pa., High 
School, and is practising law. He was 
admitted to the bar of Fayette County, 
Pa., in February. 

Henry S. Ostrander has entered the 
University of Washington to prepare 
for the practice of pharmacy. 

George M. Randell died March 24th, 
at his mother's home, 155 West 76th 
St., New York City, after a short ill- 
ness of diabetes. He leaves a widow, 
and a son, two weeks old, William 
Newell Randell. Randell was a mem- 
ber of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity 
at Amherst. He was well liked by all 
who knew him, being active in the 
Mandolin Club and playing on the 
Varsity tennis team for three years. 
Since graduating, Randell has been 
employed in the magazine business, 
first with the Mason Henry Press of 
New York, and about a year ago he 
went with the " Footwear Fashion," a 
Boston boot and shoe magazine, and 
was making excellent progress. A 
year ago he married Miss Gladys New- 
ell, a girl whom he met while she was 
at S^-nith. 

The engagement has been announced 
of Miss Jennie F. Henry to Benjamin 
Rathbun, of Elmira, N. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. G. Seeley of 
Boston have announced the engage- 
ment of their daughter, Miss Muriel 
Seeley, Smith '12, to Robert Wells of 

Willard E. Weatherby of Warren, 
Pa., has been recently married and has 
moved to Arizona. 

Raymond W. Steber of F. A. Steber 
& Son, Cigar Manufacturers, Reading, 
Pa., is about to move his plant to 
Warren, Pa. 

Mac V. Edds is engaged to Miss 
Elizabeth Green of Newark, N. J., ex- 
Smith 1913. 

William W. Bishop is engaged to Miss 
Hilda Fagnar of Southampton, N, Y. 


Lewis D. Stilwell, Secretary 
60 Matthews Hall, Cambridge, Mass. 
Nineteen-thirteen won the attend- 
ance cup at the recent Alumni Council 
Banquet in New York, with a total of 
thirty-three present. A 1913 Associa- 
tion of New York has been organized, 
and holds regular dinners. John L. 
Coates, 308 West 15th Street, is pres- 

Floyd E. Anderson graduated from 
Syracuse Law School last June, and 
is now practising in Lestershire, N. Y. 

Henry S. Leiper is acting as assist- 
ant pastor at the Rutgers Presbyter- 
ian Church, New York City. 

Kenneth C. Lindsay was married 
on Tuesday, March 30th, to Miss 
Karen Eriksen, of Milwaukee, Wis. 

Hugh W^. Littleton is ill at Saranac 
Lake, N. Y. His address is 9 Church 

Hamilton Patton married Miss Edith 
Piatt Warner on November 15th, at 
the bride's home in New York City. 
All the members of the delegation 
were present, and acted as ushers. 

Harold H. Plough, who is doing grad- 
uate work in the scientific school at 
Columbia, was elected recently to 
Sigma Xi, an honorary scientific 

Clyde F. Vance is teaching at the 
Dexter School for Boys, Detroit, Mich. 

256 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


RoswELL P. Young, Secretary 
37 St. Botolph Street, Boston, Mass. 
Percy F. Bliss has resigned his posi- 
tion as principal of the High School at 
Hampstead, N. H. Since Christmas 
vacation he has been a substitute 
teacher in the High Schools at Spring- 
field, Mass., teaching also in the night 
high school. 

Butler and T. W. Miller are with 
the Travelers Insurance Co. at its 
Home Office in Hartford, Conn. 

S. Frederick Cushman is now in the 
accounting department of the United 
Fruit Company of Boston. 

Edward S. Cobb is now in the ad- 
vertising department of the National 
Cloak and Suit Company. 

S. J. Hubbard is in the insurance 
business at Amherst. 

J. R. Kimball is in the insurance 
business, with headquarters in Orange, 

R. M. Kimball is with his father in 
the hat manufacturing business at 
Roxboro, Mass. 

J. C. Long is taking a course in eco- 
nomics at Harvard University in con- 
nection with his work at the South 
End House, Boston. 

Philip W. Payne has left Harvard, 
where he was doing graduate study 
in English, on account of illness. He 
has returned to his home in Omaha, 

C. R. Rugg is traveling in the inter- 
est of his father's business. 

L. Seyman has a position with the 
National Fire Insurance Co., in the 
adjusting department, being located at 
present in Syracuse, N. Y. 

H. E. Shaw is connected with the 
Plimpton Press, Norwood, Mass. 

R. P. Young is with R. H. Stearns 
and Co., 140 Tremont Street, Boston. 

Nineteen fourteen has two large and 
vigorous sectional clubs — the New 
York and the Boston Club — which 
have met frequently during the win- 
ter at very enthusiastic dinners. The 
membership of the New York Club 
comprises thirty-four names, while 
that of the Boston Club is of twenty- 
five members, together totaling nearly 
one-half of the men of the class. 
These clubs have as their aim the pres- 
ervation and regeneration of the 1914 
spirit which will take concrete form in 
the first reunion next June, and they 
have been instrumental in keeping the 
interest of the men in Amherst and 
all Amherst activities throughout the 
year. A large and rousing first re- 
union is expected. Nineteen mem- 
bers were present at the class dinner 
at Shanley's, New York City, on 
February 13th. Those present at 
the supper were: Chamberlain, Cobb, 
DeBevoise, Foddy, C. Hall, Hardy, 
Hersh, T. H. Hubbard, Huthsteiner, 
Johnson, Mills, Morrow, Osterkamp, 
Patterson, Renfrew, Shumway, Tay- 
lor, and Tramontana. The second 
class dinner was held at the City Club, 
Boston, on March 5th. Fifteen mem- 
bers were present, and the class pres- 
ident, S. D. Chamberlain, acted as 



Frontispiece: Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, Ph.D., 

(1865) Facing 257 

The College Window. — Editorial Notes . . . 257 
The Call of the Job. — College, — or Chautau- 
qua? — When Trained Science Won Out 

Graduate and Man. Bruce Barton, '07 .... 269 

Poems : The Test. — The Brute. — The Two Pathways. 

William L. Corbin, '96 275 

Views: The Geological Lecture Rooms, Old and 

New Facing 276 

Doctor Hitchcock and the Amherst Indian Collec- 
tion. F. B. Loomis, '96 276 

Poem: Patience Stephen Marsh, '05 287 

The Springfield Regatta of 1872. A Reminiscence of 

tiie "Amherst Navy." Edward A. Eartwell, '73 . 288 

Portrait: George Washburn, D.D., LL.D. (1855) 

Facing 293 

George Washburn, Amherst, 1855. William Hayes 

Ward, '56 293 

The Late George Washburn. Viscount Bryce . . 299 

iSDttiml and Pet0onal 

The Trustees 301 

The Alumni 304 

Recent Work of the Alumni Council 305 

The Classes 306 


Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, whose portait appears as the frontispiece, needs 
no introduction to Amherst men; our pubHcation of it, however, commem- 
orates the fiftieth anniversary of his graduation at Amherst, and the forty- 
fifth of his entrance upon his work as Professor of Geology. 

Bruce Barton, '07, who writes the article on "Graduate and Man," is engaged 
in literary work in New York. He has written many articles for The Con- 
gregationalist and other periodicals; has also published a book which has 
gained much acceptance with young men, entitled "A Young Man's Jesus." 

WiLUAM L. Corbin, '96, who contributes the poems on page 275, has several 
times appeared in the Quarterly with gracefully wTitten poems. He is 
professor of English literature in Wells College, New York. 

Frederic B. Loomis, who contributes the account of "Doctor Hitchcock and 
the Indian Collection," is Professor of Comparative Anatomy in Amherst 
College; he needs no introduction to Amherst men whose interests are 

Stephen Marsh, '05, who contributes the poem "Patience," has already become 
known to Quarterly readers by poems. He is engaged in agricultural 
work, residing in Amherst. 

Edward A. Hartwell, '73, who writes on "The Springfield Regatta of 1872," 
was, as his article shows, a member of the famous crew who won the victory. 
He has been for many years director of physical education in Johns Hopkins 
University, but at present resides in Boston, where he is in business. 

William Hayes Ward, D.D., LL.D., '56, who writes about his college mate. 
Dr. George Washburn, is a trustee of the College, and was for many years 
editor of The Independent, New York. He resides at present in South Ber- 
wick, Me. 

The article on Dr, Washburn by Viscount Bryce is quoted from The Manchester 
Guardian, England. 

Professor of Geology 



VOL. IV.— JUNE, 1915.— NO. 4 


AS THE College Dignitary, sitting gowned and hooded 
on the commencement stage, listens complacently while 
the Bond speakers, also gowned for the occasion, unfold 
their various plans for saving the country and enlightening the 
world, he lets his thoughts wander a little 
of the Tob sometimes, — not, of course, from any lack 

of merit in the speakers' ideas, — and re- 
flects that all the fledgling statesmen and economists before 
him, and all the graduating class their audience, have at that 
moment in the back of their heads something just as serious as 
the subject of discourse but very different. They are pondering 
a question which, beginning in furtive whispers four years ago, 
and gradually increasing in volume of tone, is now filling the 
chambers of their mind and heart like the insistent shout of an 
alarmist. It is the question of the job. What shall this be, 
and what adjustments or dislocations will it cause in life? The 
word itself, surging up from the workingman's vocabulary, is 
the note of the thing's immediacy and perhaps uncertainty. 
Before the thing came so near the student could please himself 
with more dignified words : it was the vocation, it was the profes- 
sion, it was the distinguished career. The world was all before 
him, where to choose. Perhaps, as he read in his Horace, 

"Sunt quos curriculo pulverem Olympicum 
CoUegisse juvat," 

he pondered from what "curriculum" he would take his pace 

258 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

and what sort of "Olympic dust" he would be pleased to gather; 
at any rate, though it were only gold dust (sordid stuff!) it must 
have the authentic touch of the Olympic. Now, however, the 
matter has become more prosaic, more necessitous. It has got 
down to plain vernacular and is putting on overalls. It is the 
job. And with all its insistency there is a strange note of vague- 
ness in its call. Where is the call, where the reply? The stu- 
dent does not know whether the real call is in the job itself — 
and perhaps even this has not reached him — or in his own 
talent and fitness. It will take years perhaps to know. The 
writer of this recalls a dozen years during which he was passing 
through that kind of limbo. The College Dignitary, sitting 
gowned and hooded, has arrived. He has secured his job, such 
as it is, and to the anxious student his sympathies may seem 
worlds away. A mistaken idea. He knows only too well the 
thoughts of the young men before him. He has been there 
himself. We have all been there. 

Somehow the word job has gained a remarkable access of 
connotation in the past few years, perhaps because work itself, 
expanding to vast organisms of industrialism, has grown in honor 
to correspond. A Celtic word meaning "a small piece of work," 
is how a lexicographer defines and derives it, making it iden- 
tical with gob, whose connotation has apparently gone the other 
way. The word has almost lost the sense of measure now; any 
vocation that achieves can claim it; at our inauguration cere- 
monies two years ago we heard one of our distinguished guests 
describing "the College President's Job." It has become a 
very democratic word : the ditcher, the plumber, and the states- 
man are shoulder to shoulder in the use of it. And somehow 
the sense of this gives a solidarity to the body politic; it is a 
source of pride to every one to have a congenial job, and the 
more steady and permanent it is, the better; he has become 
thereby an organic factor in the great social structure wherein 
every man's work fits in with every other's. And the call that 
reverberates in the depths of the college man's mind is a call 
not merely or mainly to a livelihood, with bread and butter ac- 
companiments, but to an adjusted function among the social 
and spiritual forces of the world. His college has bred that in 

Editorial Notes 259 

him. As one of its liberalizing tendencies it has put the word 
job high in the vocabulary. 

It is not with this, however, that the gowned senior's thought 
is now busy, now that the job looms so near. Nor on the other 
hand is he dismayed at the bald commonness of it. He is think- 
ing of his own universal unpreparedness. Now that the im- 
agined has become the real, he is conscious of no mental ten- 
tacles by which he can grasp and hold it. And those who in 
the world's practical jobs have arrived, especially those to whom 
college training has been denied, are inclined to be censorious 
and taunting. Because he cannot write a neatly formed letter 
or a snappy newspaper report, because his calculus has not made 
him proficient in adding columns of figures or computing inter- 
est, he is deemed in general unprepared and unready for life. 
The college man is feeling this keenly now, and the world's taunts 
hurt. He has a glimpse of things through the workingman's 
eyes, and it seems as if the call were all in the job and not at 
all in him. And he is blaming himself. 

Well, how would it be if he had so educated himself as to be 
all ready, ad unguem, for his specific job, whatever it is? Not 
to speak of the variety of jobs, which would make such educa- 
tion vocational training raised to the nth power, how would it 
work? I knew a fellow in my theological days who had that 
idea of his coming ministerial job; and he spent a great deal 
of his time writing stacks of sermons in order to have them ready 
when he was settled; this before he was called, or knew whether 
he would be settled anywhere. He was getting ready, as he 
supposed, for a very specific thing. What so natural as his 
preparation? Out there in the world was his job, all cut out 
and waiting: to deal out weekly doses of religious truth, all 
mixed and labeled. Here in his cloistered school was his factory, 
with superintendents and bosses regulating all the processes of 
manufacture. Yes, he was getting ready, in the most efficient 
and specific way possible. And the upshot of his meticulous 
industry was to be unready, to have stale and antiquated goods 
when he came to the immediate issue, to close grips with 
practical life. I wager he didn't use many of those sermons 

26o Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

when he came to face a real hve congregation; or if he did, it 
was not for long. And yet he had done about what the unthink- 
ing world demands of a college man; he had the goods, such as 
they were, ready for delivery, and doubtless the material was 
sound and true. Of the readiness, the preparedness, — well, 
we must reckon with the date and the man's self-confidence. It 
will not do to get rounded off and complete too soon. 

After all, then, it would seem, the graduate's sense of unpre- 
paredness and the world's snap judgment of his callowness, have 
little if anything to do with the matter. The call of the job, 
immediate and seemingly casual as it may be, goes deeper. 
In the truest sense we may say a man just graduated from col- 
lege ought to be at once ready and unprepared. Ready to put 
forth the best that is in him on the moment; unprepared to do 
so until the moment arrives. For the moment it is, the problem 
and the emergency, that elicits the best: it concentrates, it nucle- 
ates, it makes the immediate connection which establishes the 
current and draws out the practical energies. Its spark makes 
the change from static to dynamic. An old teacher of mine 
used to apply this distinction to the literary work which it is 
the business of many college men to do. In this application he 
spoke of the two things: thought and thinking. They are not 
the same; they are complements of each other. Thought is 
the relatively static: it may exist in the man in magnificent 
potentiality and he be hardly aware of its worth, or be tongue- 
tied in giving it form. Thought furnishes the intellectual and 
personal basis. Thinking is the dynamic: it is the process of 
composition, the shaping of material to ends, the application of 
thought to the occasion. For this the man is unprepared until 
the moment prepares it and in the fire and vigor of creation makes 
him eflBcient. And every one who has had literary experience 
knows that there is where the work comes; there is the real 
job; it was growth before, now it is fruitage and gathering. The 
analogy holds just as good for work other than literary; it 
describes the true answer to the call of any job. 

We do not have to date this at Commencement, when the 
call has become peremptory by making a noise like typewriters 

Editorial Notes 261 

and cash registers. Its date, if the student only realized it, is 
perennial and continuous. It did not have to be waited for. 
And this is what it has been his real business all through his 
undergraduate course, to learn. The job has been with him 
all the while; in the classroom, in the laboratory, in the 
library, in the game, in the evolving purpose of life: the 
opportunity, that is, to call forth the best that is in him. His 
personality does the rest, that personality which makes him big 
enough for the occasion. And so, with this perennial opportunity 
well heeded, he finds, when his position is secured and his pace 
taken, that the call that was all the while in him is greater than 
the call that was in the job. 

IF a judicial and far-seeing observer, speaking of certain 
trends and tendencies in the present Amherst order, should 
say, "That way Chautauqua lies," let not the remark be 
taken as an implied disparagement either of the present college 

„ „ order or of the Chautauqua. It is made 

College, — or , ,. . + ^ 1 • 

Chautauqua? n^^rely as prehmmary to taking a passmg 

account of educational stock. Neither in- 
stitution needs apology. It is only as tendencies in their native 
sphere good become misplaced or unbalanced that they become 
hurtful; and to both institutions with their aims we may simply 
apply the good old principle that Wisdom is justified of the chil- 
dren she brings forth. It will not do, however, to wait until 
Wisdom's children are grown. She needs to have a care for euge- 
nics; and lest the children by some crook of nativity become 
estranged from the parent she must needs take due account of 
the original from which present tendencies seem to be drawing 
off, or as an old-time counselor puts it, to "strengthen the things 
which remain, that are ready to die." When these survive in 
their primal vigor and integrity, the innovations of trend and 
tendency are not alien but helpful. 

The alternative we have raised for question waits too long, 
it is time to be more explicit. What I mean by the things 
that look toward Chautauqua is suggested in the generous 
supply of lectures and lecture courses that during the past 

262 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

two or three years have enriched our college activities — or per- 
haps passivities, as the case might be. Three new courses 
have been founded in that time; others were already in exist- 
ence; and there are hints of more to come. We have heard 
great men and great themes. Alluring vistas of learning and 
opinion, general and special, have been opened before us. We 
have had much of the delight of being told things, instead of 
having to grub them out for ourselves with the risk of mistake 
and doubt. It may be worth while then, just now, while the 
response to these entertainments is still healthy and keen, to 
call for a kind of trial balance and see if anything on the other 
side of our account is failing of its proper proportion and stress. 
If there should come about some such shortage, it would be a 
pity if our tendencies toward Chautauqua should have gone so 
far as to leave nothing to balance it but what a friend of mine 
persists in spelling Chau-talk-qua. A true college man does 
not envy the plight of that Persian scholar-poet who 

"heard great argument 
About it and about: but evermore 
Came out by the same door wherein [he] went." 

He is bound for an exit from his course as much higher as his 
entrance was deeper. 

This is no place for a criticism of Chautauqua, — even 
though you spell its middle syllable t-a-l-k. It is an honorable, 
open-hearted institution, distinctly national. It could exist 
nowhere else on earth. It is as characteristic of democratic, 
generous, neighborly America as Kultur is of autocratic Germany 
and sport of seK-sufficient England. One must, I imagine, go 
through the South and the Middle West to verify the fond esti- 
mate of its founder, still living; who makes up his categories of 
our country's upbuilding forces as "the home, the church, the 
school, and the Chautauqua." A very generous estimate, which 
not all of us are ready to accept. Still, if we cannot grant it a 
full quarter's weight, there is undoubtedly a good big receptacle 
in the social and educational structure where it just fits in. It 
may be smiled at or sneered at, but so are all gently-meant activ- 

Editorial Notes 263 

ities; even a high state official, who numbers it — with grape 
juice — among his avocations, does not escape. And both the 
smile and the sneer may be just; but they react on the critic, 
just the same. He is as untolerated in another stratum of sen- 
timent as he is intolerant in his own. It was not the Pharisee 
who went down to his house justified. 

Our queried alternative. College or Chautauqua.^ comes down, 
after all, to a definition of terms that has in view not mutual 
exclusion but cooperation. What is in the College and what 
in the Chautauqua that, whatever waves of tendency may come, 
must be regarded as fundamental and distinctive? In many 
ways the two institutions may run together, and yet their root 
principles may be wide asunder. 

What lies behind the Chautauqua? One word suffices to 
name it: demonstration. Its teachers are performers. Its 
pupils are spectators and auditors. The game is to exhibit facts 
or proficiency or sentiment to responsive crowds, feminine mostly, 
in forms that entertain while they instruct. What is imparted 
is knowledge ready-made; knowledge all cut out and shaped 
to a preconceived pattern of mind; colored and garnished to catch 
the average crowd. There is no reproach in this. For its place 
and purpose the method is admirable. It is missionary work; 
it replaces the gossip of the street and parish by something in- 
finitely better worth talking about; it makes gossip itself nobler, 
by carrying it beyond the casual and fortuitous to the realm of 
intellect and spirit. But when we think of it in the college con- 
sciousnes and reduce it to scholarly terms its limitation becomes 
startlingly apparent. The point for us to note is that it is 
essentially exotic. It is knowledge deployed for the delectation 
of minds not previously evolved to its likeness. The pupils 
take it not on their fitted recognition but on the performer's 
assertion. They have no basis of discrimination or verification 
in themselves; have not grown into their knowledge; have not 
its pulsation and atmosphere. For aught they can ratify or 
gainsay their ad captandum teacher can give them faked or 
half-cooked stuff, and their only guaranty of its truth is his 
say-so. Mephistopheles was aware of this limitation and minded 
to keep it up, when he advised Faust's raw pupils: — 

264 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

"So you can better watch and look 
That naught is said but what is in the book; 
Yet in thy writing as unwearied be 
As did the Holy Ghost dictate to thee!" 

That they should get everything by dictation and not by dis- 
crimination suited him well. But of course there is no Mephisto- 
pheles in the Chautauqua, nothing so shrewdly critical. He had 
assumed Faust's mantle and method only to sham Chautauqua, 
and his role was that of "the Merry Devil of Education." Still, 
there was a helplessness in those eager aspirants for culture 
which it does not require a satirist to see. 

This glimpse of the fond apes of learning brings us back to 
our starting-point, for this is the other side of the alternative as 
it touches Amherst, this, rather than the picnic methods which 
make Chautauqua a holiday. It reduces to the simple truth that 
it is better — if you can have but one — to know a thing than to 
be told it. What then is behind the college? One word again 
suffices to name it — research. Its teachers are themselves 
students and investigators. Their aim is not to demonstrate 
but to induce the spirit of investigation, verification, grundlich- 
keit, in their classes. By the power of a living personal example 
they are what they would have their students be. To this end 
the teacher must continually replenish his fountains; must con- 
tinually lengthen his cords and strengthen his stakes, for — to 
follow out the prophet's figure — his achievement at any time 
is not a permanently built house but tent-pitching, with enlarge- 
ment for each day's march. This not merely because knowledge 
is increasing and we must keep diligent track; this of course; 
but because knowledge, however, solid, does not continue static, 
does not continue to be truth unless our life, our personality, is 
infused into it so as to make an intimate combination. Col- 
lege learning is not a mere accumulation from books and lectures ; 
not an invasion from outside; it is something into which a man 
grows. He has been pursuing a straight development from the 
grammar school onward, and none of his learning was otiose; at 
the end, indeed, his alphabet and grammar rank not as the sim- 
plest but the abstrusest things. And to grow, the channels of 
growth must be kept supplied with food and air and patterns 

Editorial Notes 265 

and color, — in other words, the products of congenial and spon- 
taneous research. Here is where the Chautauqua — with its 
modified middle syllable — may come in: as a supplement — when 
there is something solid to supplement; or as a preliminary — when 
the sequel is already assured by the disciplined spirit of research. 
Herein lies the value of a specialty; it is not the monopoly of 
the university ; it is present wherever research is ; it controls the 
spirit of research so that the product is not an unrelated thing 
but an integral element of the All, 

The practical fostering milieu of a Chautauqua is a picnic 
and a vacation; the institution, you know, is the successor of 
the old-time camp meeting. The fostering influence of the col- 
lege ought to be constant recourse to the sources of knowledge, 
and with it increased opportunity for research. This applies 
over the graduating line as well as under it, and perhaps even 
more truly. In the routine of courses and administration it is 
easy to keep the teacher's nose too constantly on the grindstone; 
and the verve and efficiency of the college suffer for it. Sabbatical 
years are a much appreciated boon, but the terms on which they 
are granted are in many cases prohibitive, and their idea is much 
like going into a rest-cure. Why should they be not only permitted 
but required? and why should not periods beyond the year be prac- 
ticable if the nature of the research demands? For not only must 
the college man grow into acquaintance and conversance with 
his subject; his subject also must be a living thing, growing and 
vigorous continually; and to this end its teacher must grow by 
constant new conversance with the sources of his knowledge. 
Thus his college and his Chautauqua alike will rise to their proper 
and mutually helpful place. 

THE portrait which serves this month as our frontispiece 
is a peculiarly deep-felt memorial, but not of the con- 
ventional sort. It speaks so eloquently for itself that 
no aid of ours is required, or even seemly, to speak for it. To 
make it the occasion of a formal eulogy or encomium would be 
a palpable superfluity, not to say an impertinence on our part; it 
would put us in the class with a certain stamp commissioner 
who, on being introduced to the poet Wordsworth, asked him 

266 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

naively if he did or did not think Milton a great genius, and 
incurred Charles Lamb's ridicule for his density. The man's dis- 
When Trained covery of literary genius did no great credit to 
Science Won his critical acumen. We prefer to treat our 
0*^t Amherst circle as already enlightened, and 

indeed keenly responsive to so familiar a likeness. Our motive 
for printing the portrait and the pictures of the unique lecture- 
rooms, the old and the new, on page 276, is something more sub- 
stantial than eulogy. It is meant to call to mind, first, a day 
just fifty years ago, when Benjamin K. Emerson, with his class 
of 1865, received his B.A. degree from Amherst. This, however, 
is only one small item in the memorial; it is merely a counting 
of years, and we recall how another eminent member of the Emer- 
son family has remarked that "we do not count a man's years' 
until he has nothing else to count." In this case there is so 
much else that the years, far from being insignificant, are a steady 
accrual of honor. Our thoughts run back over forty -five years 
of that half century, during which Professor Emerson, begin- 
ning as a young Gottingen Ph.D., has, as professor in Amherst, 
had a main share in promoting and maintaining the scientific 
prestige of his Alma Mater. A very instructive and inspiring 
history is covered by those years, which we have not the space 
nor the present occasion to narrate. What we are bound to 
note, however, with pride, is, how soon and how strongly Am- 
herst, through her specially trained graduates, took a distinguished 
place in the scientific movement which is so truly the dominating 
force in modern enterprise and scholarship. We cannot, of course, 
ignore the influence of the self-taught President Hitchcock; but 
since his stimulating day the science of Harris and Root and Tyler 
and Emerson and Hopkins and Loomis (I hope Professors Kimball 
and others will pardon me for mentioning only Amherst gradu- 
ates), is a closely disciplined and disciplining science, alike severe 
and liberal, marching in the van of scientific progress. And of 
these no one is more truly representative than he whose fiftieth 
and forty-fifth anniversaries we bring at present to mind. 

Our readers are doubtless familiar with the well-known skit 
describing how men of different nationalities go about scientific 
research. The subject of research, it will be remembered, was 

Editorial Notes 267 

the camel. The Frenchman goes into some public library, takes 
down books of reference and perhaps of travel, and speedily con- 
structs a neatly written and readable essay on the camel, giving 
in charming style all that an educated man not a specialist needs 
to know. The EngHshman packs his Gladstone bag — and per- 
haps his tin bath-tub — and journeys to the desert, where is the 
camel's habitat, and satisfies himself by direct observation and 
study what a real sure-enough camel is. The German goes into 
his study, lights his pipe, orders his seidel, and proceeds to evolve 
a camel from his inner consciousness. The original perpetrator 
of the skit did not go on to tell how a dyed-in-the-wool Yankee, 
like Professor Emerson, for instance (yes, that is what he is; he 
is from New Hampshire), would set about his research. Well, 
perhaps he has the advantage in his chosen subject; for you 
have to go away from home to find a camel, but geology and 
mineralogy are everywhere. But there are roads from every- 
where, and for him they all center in Amherst; his business has 
been, in preeminent degree, to bring his geology, as the poem 
puts it, "out of the everywhere into the here." All you need is 
a pair of stout shoes and a hammer, and you can get in every 
hill and field all the geology you can assimilate. Hence those 
pedestrian trips of his classes; hence, as the result of these and 
countless other journeys, that uniquely furnished lecture-room, 
where you can at a moment's notice get geological and physio- 
graphical data from every stratum and region on earth. It is 
the science of the earth at first hand, beginning at the center of 
the world, namely, at the student's own door, and ending only 
at the farthest circumference. It is the genuine Yankee way of 
getting science; and the science it gets is the trained science, 
the exercise of sound sense, which wins out. 

A TOKEN of this, a kind of symbol, is in evidence for those who 
know Amherst's inner history, at the geological end of the new 
geological and biological laboratory. It recalls a battle royal, 
or we may say a stubborn campaign, of science against a kind 
of pseudo-esthetics, which took place when the location of the 
new laboratory was in debate. It was the idea of the architect 
and the college planning committee — you can see it perhaps in 
the modeled layout on exhibition *in the gymnasium — to put 

268 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

the laboratory where Barrett Hall stands, and plan for a sym- 
metrical round-up of college buildings. But for one man — the 
man we are talking about, who indeed is personally most concerned 
in the matter — there w'as just one place for the geology build- 
ing, the place where it stands now. "But it would so cut off 
that charming southern view," was the objection. "No; it 
would utilize the view," would give it both an esthetic and a sci- 
entific distinction. The battle was strenuous for a while, but 
trained science won out. The new laboratory was located and 
built — we do not feci too proud of its exterior architecture; — 
and one may observe, on the southern face of the eastern wing 
a balcony. The geological lecture-room opens out upon this, 
and upon the magnificent view it affords. That is the sign of 
a victory; not merely the victory of science, but of true esthetics 
over pseudo-esthetics. And so now it has come about that pro- 
fessor and student, sitting in their hospitable research room, may 
look out upon the South Amherst valley and the Holyoke range, 
where alike the splendors and the ancient structure of the earth 
display themselves, and invite them to come in and join the com- 
panionship of the thinking circle. It does not make the geol- 
ogy less valuable to adorn it with landscape, especially when 
Nature has brought it, a generous offering, right to our doors. 
Nor is it any affront to the esthetics of the case; an homage rather, 
if beauty is also fitness to function. So it is that by this speak- 
ing symbol we can memorialize, at the end of these long reunion 
periods, how trained science has won out at Amherst. 

This issue of the Quarterly, completing the fourth year of its existence, naarks 
the conclusion of the work of the group who effected its establishment and who 
have, judging from the opinions of its friends, brought the magazine well beyond 
the experimental period. Beginning with the next issue the publishing of the 
Quarterly will be conducted by the Alumni Council, acting through its Publication 
Committee. The editorial management will be in the hands of the present Editor, 
with Mr. Walter A. Dyer, 1900, as Associate Editor. 

Graduate and Man 269 



BEFORE the demand for certain popular innovations is 
wholly tried out, to their passing or permanence, I would 
suggest, in no censor spirit, the recall of college diplomas. 
If the general movement for the recall of governors, judges, 
and laws prevails, there should be little difficulty in adding 
this needed reform also: particularly as there is so much to be 
said in its favor. For one thing, it would add considerably to the 
dignity and worth of college diplomas if the public understood 
that the possession of a diploma was a matter of sufferance, that 
once a year or once in five years the right of that possession was 
to be put to the test, and revoked in cases where the results of 
the test proved unsatisfactory. In the broadest, truest sense 
one does not become a college man by the mere fact of completing 
four years of study and obtaining a diploma, any more than one 
enters the Kingdom of Heaven — as we are assured on excellent 
authority — by the mere repetition of "Lord, Lord." He only 
enters the Kingdom of Heaven and remains in it who does the 
works of the Kingdom : and he only is a college man, in the realest 
sense, who carries the spirit, the leaven of the college undiluted 
into the affairs of his after life. 

Colleges were established in America — as one may still dis- 
cover from their mottoes — for the fostering of learning, the in- 
crease of righteousness, and the spread of the truth that makes 
men free. Men are college men, therefore, in proportion as they 
carry into the world beyond the college the spirit of enlighten- 
ment, and uplift, and real democracy. Those who fail in this 
respect, who merely get more out of the world because of the four 
years of mental honing and stropping administered to them in 
the lecture halls, are not really college men, though they may sing 
the songs and address the banquets and wear the degrees on their 
hoods. They are only college graduates. The two terms are 
too often confused, too often used interchangeably as though 

270 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

synonymous. My suggestion is that they now be forever differ- 
entiated by some division of the college men from the college 
graduates, some method, for instance like the recall of diplomas. 

The essence of the motto of Harvard, for example, is Veritas — 
Truth. Assume now that once in five years all the alumni of 
Harvard were summoned into the Yard to show cause why their 
diplomas should be renewed for another five year period. We 
should have a motley company, and a ceremony warranted, I 
think, to draw a larger group of interested spectators than has 
ever yet visited a Harvard Commencement. The poor mission- 
ary would be there, who by the brilliant flame of his truth has 
lit the torch of civilization among fifty thousand savages: he 
would take his place with the college men amid the plaudits of 
the multitude. A poor labor agitator, his sunburnt face as shiny 
as the seams on his coat, v/hose Truth has set a whole trade free, 
would take place beside him; and around the two would be gath- 
ered the whole major company of those men great and small, 
rich and poor, who have served their day and generation and 
by their living increased rather than diminished the world's 
supply of truth, and justice and real democracy and the equal 
chance. And on the other side the mere college graduates — 
the preacher who has never conducted himself in such a way 
that anyone has criticised him for being a friend of publicans 
and sinners; the lawyer who has grown rich by winding red 
tape about the throat of Truth and drawing it tight; the cap- 
tain of other people's industry who parted company with Truth 
on the day that he returned his first tax assessment. These 
would be cast into outer darkness for five years, at which time 
they would be given opportunity to show fruits meet for repent- 
ance. It would be a difficult process, no doubt, and there would 
be much wailing and gnashing of teeth; but the great public 
outside the college, whose justice is often rude though generally 
dependable, would have a very much heightened opinion of 
those college men who emerged out of the process triumphant; 
and of the college whose name they bore. 

It is because I believe that Amherst men could show up so 
well under the recall of diplomas, that I am especially glad to 
advocate its adoption. I have met Amherst graduates pretty 
much all over the country — in cities and in cross-road towns. 

Graduate and Man 271 

behind mahogany desks and behind pine counters; at linen- 
covered tables and at tables covered with oil-cloth, or not cov- 
ered at aU: and the instances are very few in which I was not 
able to detect something at least of the spirit of enlightenment, 
idealism, and real democracy which is Amherst, in the men and 
the communities which they helped to make. Generally speak- 
ing they have fulfilled the injunction of the motto to some degree 
at least: they have enhghtened the earth. 

I have no doubt of course that we have our goats as well as 
our sheep, that we should not come spotless to the day of the 
recall. There are doubtless Amherst graduates who are not 
Amherst men — graduates whose enlightenment of the world 
has been confined to an arc-light suspended in front of their 
factories for the benefit of the night-shift, or to the ownership 
to some shares of Peple Gas Light pfd; who have absorbed the 
light of dozens or hundreds or thousands of other people, in 
their eating and their living and their playing, and have given 
out no light at all — but these are certainly a small minority. 
It is a satisfaction to me to be able to say at least, that if there 
be any such at all, I have never met them. 

For I have seen Amherst men — not the great ones alone 
whose service to the nation has made their names known to 
us all, and who talk at us from behind the snowy expanse of 
the speaker's table — but unknown Amherst men, who never 
will be known, and who yet in a hundred hidden places are driv- 
ing darkness out before their light. I remember Gregory (don't 
look him up; that isn't his name) out in a near city of the middle 
west. I met him in the office of the newspaper that he edits, 
sweating through the long summer night and praying that truth 
crushed to earth would rise somewhere in the world in time to 
give him a story for the next morning's front page. If you read 
the alumni columns of this periodical for fifty years, you will 
never hear of Gregory: he is forever buried in that town where 
the trains stop an instant, snort, and go on. But four coun- 
ties round about Gregory are lighter because he is an Amherst 
man. There are no saloons in those four counties; the schools 
are more nearly efficient, government is more nearly clean; right- 
eousness rides through the streets triumphantly instead of slink- 
ing by ashamed, because Gregory has run his paper in the spirit 

272 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of Henry Ward Beecher and Charlie Garman and Nungie and 
Old Doc. 

I remember Hinchcliffe (another fake name). You have to 
put on a fireman's nose guard and fight your way through a 
mile of vicious smells to get to the social settlement where he 
lives. Nobody ever calls on Hinchcliffe, most everyone has 
forgotten that he is still alive, and when he dies the Student will 
publish a mere line about him and probably misspell his name. 
But when he dies there will be a thousand ragged men and women 
and boys and girls who will follow tear-eyed behind his hearse. 
They will be those into whose souls Hinchcliffe poured Light; 
who learned to look through the smoke with his eyes, and who 
beyond it caught at last something like a vision of the sun. 

I could name Jamieson, who is a country doctor to the work- 
ing classes; and Edwards, who writes stuff for magazines; and 
Morrison, who has cut away the robes and vestments with which 
men have shrouded the first great College Man and is pointing 
to His light which enlightens the nations: and a hundred 
others whose service is not distinguished even by being out of 
the ordinary. There are hundreds who are not Mazda lamps, 
but merely kerosene burners, shedding the light of truth in the 
vaults of banks, and behind the counters of stores, and in those 
smoky dens where directors meet. These — scores of them I 
have met myself — are Amherst men : in them the spirit of 
uplift and progress and true democracy still lives: they have 
not hid their light under a bushel. 

Sooner or later the world is going to institute something cor- 
responding to the recall of college diplomas, whether we favor 
it or not. And I am inclined to say sooner rather than later. 
I was at two dinners last week attended by New York business 
men, one of them given in honor of the Mayor. We went all 
unsuspectingly: we didn't know what the speakers would talk 
about except that they would talk about half an hour too long. 
Two of the speakers at the first dinner frankly talked Socialism, 
and two at the second dinner were even more radical : they talked 
Christianity (a faith which, as will be remembered, assures men 
that they are relatives of God, and therefore entitled to equal rights 
and privileges with the high and mighty). And the astounding 
thing was that no one at either dinner murmured or protested: 

Graduate and Man 273 

talk such as we heard was accepted apparently as Gospel, as em- 
bodying the spirit of the time. 

If that be true, if the spirit of the time be really one of such 
vital democracy as those speeches would indicate, then that 
spirit is going to institute a sort of recall of college diplomas of 
its own. It will say to college men and to colleges — indeed 
is saying it in magazines and newspapers and from platforms and 
pulpits — "give an account of your stewardship"; "unto you 
much has been given, what service have you rendered.'*" and 
"unless your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of 
the Scribes and Pharisees ye shall in no wise enter the Kingdom 
of Heaven," and "it is harder for a camel to pass through the 
eye of a needle," and "inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of 
the least of these my brethren ye have done it unto me." There 
will be a far clearer cut division between College Graduates and 
College Men in our day: the alumnus who dies rich in 1945, 
and only rich, will be a very lonely man. 

And to us, whose mottoed boast is that we enlighten the world, 
this Spirit of the Time comes with questions peculiarly searching. 

Light, it says, is the great agitator. It is perpetually in mo- 
tion: never satisfied: never still. Is the light with which you 
are enlightening the world of that character? Are you an agi- 
tator in the best sense, the sense in which Wendell Phillips de- 
manded that every college man should be? Are you keeping 
things stirred up in the interests of Democracy, and equal oppor- 
tunity and the reign of real justice throughout the land? Or are 
you of those gentlemen who cry "peace, peace"? 

Light, says the Spirit of the Time, is the great Democrat, it 
shines equally on the just and unjust, on the rich and poor; a 
little more on the poor if anything, because there are more of 
them. Is your light of this character? Are you one who really 
loves — not tolerates, but really loves — his fellow men? 

And Light is the messenger and the symbol of Heaven. Does 
that hold true of your light? The danger of the age is not that 
social justice will be defeated, but that in securing social justice 
men shall lose their faith; that in gaining the whole world they 
shall throw away their souls; that there may be division without 
vision. Where there is no vision the people perish. Is the light 
that you will throw upon these present problems a light that 

274 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

comes from above? Only such a light in these agitated days can 
render the truest service — a light which while throwing its rays 
into the dark corners of the world and exhibiting abuses that 
need correction, does not forget to lighten also the eye of Faith. 
In so far as the Spirit of the Time is asking questions like 
these of us more insistently than ever before, it is already in- 
augurating its own recall of college diplomas. It is already 
judging college men by a standard new and different — by how 
much real light has shone from them rather than by how much 
spot light has shown on them. From such a process of trial 
Amherst has less to fear than any college that I know. For I 
have seen Amherst men all over the country, in cities and in cross- 
road towns, behind mahogany desks and behind pine counters, 
at linen-covered tables, and at tables covered with oil-cloth, 
or with nothing at all. And they are College Men rather than 
College Graduates, those that I have seen. Their light is not 
hid under a bushel. 

Poems 275 




( To German- A m erican s) 

AMERICA would prove you worthy sons, 
My countrymen, — or Huns; 
Yes, she would know at last, as star and star. 
The men you really are. 

What think you of this rose of Prussian power? — - 
Say, do you like the flower? 
Or do you hang your heads in silent shame 
At naming of the name? 


No, man is not man — 

At the root 

He is brute — 
But the plan 
Is to make him man. 
We said in our pride, " Man is made — 

Behold his dominions of mind — 
He has won from the slime and the shade;" 
But alas, we were blind — 

At the root 

He is brute, 
And if he would win from the shade and the slime, 
Still, still he must climb. 


Neutrality — 
Two pathways through the dark; 
One bears the mark, 

"To thine eternal fame," 
And one the mark, 

"To thine eternal shame" — 
Yet the writing is the same, 
And the writer's name. 

276 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



"It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; 
and it grew, and waxed a great tree : and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches 
of it." Luke 13: 19. 

THAT Amherst College has a collection of Indian relics 
which ranks among the great ones in the country, and 
for the section New England to New York State, is 
the equal if not the superior of any, is probably realized by 
scarcely a dozen of its alumni, not to mention the general public. 
The reasons for this are found in the quiet character of its col- 
lector, the silent manner of its growth, and the fact that most of 
it has never been on exhibition. The story of its gathering has 
never been told, though it is dramatic and indicative of the power 
of a single man's enthusiasm. 

Last spring the Trustees allotted to this collection the upper 
story of Appleton Cabinet; during the summer its cases were 
remodeled to suit them to this sort of an exhibit; and all through 
the fall the vast quantities of Indian remains have been moving 
from the old Indian relic room, from trays set away in neighbor- 
ing buildings, and from stored packing cases to this goal. By 
Commencement this, one of Amherst's most valuable collections, 
will be on exhibition, filling all the cases on the floor of the big 
hall, 110 feet long by 42 feet wide; all of the gallery around the 
whole room, and a hundred trays under the cases. 

Edward Hitchcock Jr. was born a collector. It was in the 
blood. His father, President Hitchcock, had gathered and was 
gathering that unique collection of fossil footprints, which gave 
him his place among the pioneer scientists of America. The 
atmosphere of Amherst w^as charged with collecting. Prof. C. 
B. Adams was gathering his collection of shells. Professor 
Shepard was bringing together mineral and geological collections. 
Prof. Edward Tuckerman was collecting lichens. 

'2. /; 


TIIK. ol.K ( Al, l.WTURE ROOM IN Till. IK r\(,ii\ 

The Amherst Indian Collection 277 

While a lad, and during his days as a student (1840-1849), 
Edward Hitchcock was making a mineral collection, and picking 
up Indian relics around Amherst, at Deerfield where he visited 
frequently, at Hadley, Montague, Granby, Gill, and at Bristol, 
Conn, To these were added specimens from other places given 
him by neighbors and friends. I cannot but feel that being the 
President's son assisted in giving him the wide range of friends 
who helped in enlarging his private collection, for no fewer than 
thirty-five names are noted in his first catalogue as donors to his 
early collection, among them G. N. Cundall, Lorin H. Pease, 
Don Carlos Taft, G. F. Walker, and Alfred Sykes. Then there 
are two interesting gifts in these early days, a soapstone pot and 
a pipe given at different times by the Natural History Society 
Phi Beta Theta. 

In 1849 Hitchcock graduated from Amherst and went to the 
Harvard Medical School; and a period of four years followed 
during which he had little opportunity for collecting. In 1853 
the young docter was called to Williston Seminary to teach the 
sciences. Here he renewed his collecting, gathering minerals 
and Indian relics, and started a collection of zoological specimens. 
In 1857, for a reason nowhere stated, he gave to his alma mater 
the Indian relic collection, which by this time had grown to about 
one thousand specimens; thereby planting the "germ of the 
Gilbert Museum."* Four years later he was called to Amherst 
as Professor of Hygiene and Physical Education. On leaving 
Williston he sold to the institution his collection of minerals, so 
that on coming to Amherst his attention was concentrated on the 
Indian relics which he had already presented the College; although 
in these days he was starting an anatomical collection, in connec- 
tion with which his kitchen was constantly being requisitioned 
for boiling out skeletons, and in the evenings he and Mrs. Hitch- 
cock wired them up. In these war days the doctor was at times 
called on to teach not only Physiology, but also Chemistry, 
Botany, and Zoology (the latter group being known as "Doc's 

From 1861 to 1865 the Indian collection grew steadily to around 
seventeen hundred specimens ; and then a new phase came into its 
growth. A considerable collection made in the Connecticut 

* Verbatim from the introduction of the catalogue. 

278 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Valley was offered for sale. The Doctor wanted it and began to 
look for funds for enlarging his collection. This lot offered for 
sale consisted of two hundred and thirteen objects, mostly of 
special character; axes, knives, celts, squaw knives, pipes, etc. He 
enlisted the interest of Mr. G. H. Gilbert of Ware, who contributed 
the $55^ necessary to buy the collection. This sale brought to 
light many other collections, and a new manner of gathering 
in specimens was opened. The Doctor was kept busy getting 
funds for such purchases as he deemed would enrich his collection. 

Next the Trustees appropriated $100 to buy a set of one hun- 
dred and twenty-five Indian relics from Lancaster County, Pa. 
and Cecil Comity, Md.; — now a very valuable lot, any one of 
several objects in it being worth more than the price of the whole 
collection. During the next ten years and more, but especially in 
the first part of the time, the Doctor specialized on soapstone pots, 
bringing together the finest group of tliese pots to be found any- 
where in the country (some thirty in all), varying from those so 
small they will hold but a half pint up to the larger ones with a 
capacity of several gallons; some of crude workmanship, others so 
perfect as to be marvels of skill when the fact that the Indians had 
only stone and bone working tools is considered. Not in every case 
was the Doctor successful in getting the owners to part with the 
pots, even for a good price, and then he had recourse to persuasion, 
getting owners to place them in his collection "on deposit," in some 
cases paying the owner $5 or $10 for this concession, the same to 
be returned in case the owner called for his pot. So far as I know 
no pot has been called for. 

These were bargain days in Indian relics, though few men 
realized it. All through the seventies and eighties the Doctor 
had on hand a small sum (I suspect often from his own pocket) 
so that in case the opportunity came up, he could take the speci- 
mens. All through this time he was purchasing single objects, 
and showing a keen appreciation of values. Quantities did not 
tempt him, and he bought mostly from the men who had found 
the specimens, paying one, two, five or even thirty dollars for 
such objects as he especially wanted. These seemed high prices 
at the time, but many of the specimens have never been duplicated 
and today such an offer as he then made would not even be con- 

The Amherst Indian Collection 279 

In 1869 a burial site was opened in Holyoke, one of the graves 
being apparently that of a chief, for around the neck were copper 
beads and among the tools some were of copper, such articles as 
must of necessity have come from the Lake Superior region in 
the process of trading. For the privilege of working this and 
the implements the Doctor paid $100. Shortly after this Mr. 
H. G. Knight bought and presented to the collection five earthen 
pots from St. Louis. In 1874 Mr. Frank Carew furnished $100 
to purchase the finest (large and thin) soapstone pot which is to 
be found in this or any other collection. It has been cast and 
the replicas are found in most large collections. 

At intervals up to 1897 various graves were located in or about 
Hadley, which the Doctor dug out, recovering skeletons and 
skulls, which, could an interpreter be found, would give us a very 
clear idea of the physiognomy of the early Indians of the region. 
Such an interpreter did appear in the person of Prof. H. H. Wilder 
of Smith College (Amherst, '86), who began a study of the faces by 
measuring the thickness of the flesh over selected points on recent 
heads. Then he tried remodeling the face according to rules estab- 
lished in a known case. Finding that this worked, he applied his 
rules to a negroid skull and the pastacine model which resulted 
represented a real negroid face. After some practice he took skulls 
of the local Indians and restored the faces of these lost people. All 
that was now wanting was corroborative evidence to show that 
in this particular case the rules had worked. This is forthcoming 
in the shape of a small soapstone mask in the Amherst collection 
(Number 1200, found at Hockanum and deposited by Mr. Rich- 
ardson, he taking $20 as security), which shows us an almost 
triangular face, with a high and wide forehead, eyes well apart, 
thick lips, and a long straight nose. It is further confirmed by a 
second similar mask, more crudely done, but on the same lines 
(Number 1194 from Belchertown), and by the face on a pipe 
from Agawam. 

In 1875 Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Williston purchased and presented 
a lot of fifty-six specimens, mostly objects of larger size and rarer 
character. These are from Glastonbury, Conn. A short time 
after this a lot of eighty-two specimens from Northfield, choice 
objects of unusually skillful workmanship were bought through 
the generosity of the sons of Mr. Gilbert. About this time Mr. 

28o Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

J. M. Stoughton, while excavating a cellar at Gill, ran upon a 
burial site containing seventeen skeletons, which were not pre- 
served in the best of condition, but he saved what he could and 
sent them to the Doctor, "a barrel full of human bones." 

Through the eighties the specimens came more slowly, mostly 
gifts of single objects, or purchases of small lots, costing two to 
ten dollars at a time. In 1893 Mr. G. H. Gilbert (son of G. H.) 
furnished the means ($80) for obtaining a set of thirty-four 
objects which had been found in Springfield, among them an un- 
usually large number of pieces made of slate and carved into 
ornaments of various sorts, and with these a pipe with a face 
carved on it. Soon another collection from the same locality 
secured through the same donor was gathered in, this lot being 
distinctive in containing a handsome soapstone pot, which though 
small is the most perfectly shaped pot we have. In 1899 and 
1900 several graves in Hadley were opened by the Doctor, most 
of the contents turning out to be the typical implements of the 
region, and most of the bones being so far disintegrated as to 
make their recovery impossible. But one grave yielded a 
curious double burial, the two individuals being in a sitting 
posture. The contents of this grave were carefully removed 
and mounted in the collection in exactly the position found. 

Some time in 1900 through Mr. H. L. Bridgeman, the museum 
received from Seton-Karr about fifty implements from Somali- 
land, Egypt, a part of the collection of that great explorer. These 
probably represent some of the oldest work done by the hand of 
man, and are to be compared only with some of the oldest Pal- 
aeolithic implements of Europe. 

By this time, 1903, the collection had grown to about three 
thousand objects, a selected group, more truly representative 
than many collections several times as large. The Doctor was 
very proud of it, as he had a right to be. He realized that if 
properly known it would throw light on many phases of Indian 
habits and workmanship. From 1865 on he had been backed 
by a considerable number of alumni, having received and spent 
about $3500; but of all his backers Mr. G. H. Gilbert had been 
the most regular and generous, he and his family having given 
$2255 of the above sura. Because of the interest thus taken 
the Doctor had named the collection The Gilbert Collection of 

The Amherst Indian Collection 281 

Indian Relics. In October of this year, backed by Mr. John W. 
Ladd, he decided to pubHsh a catalogue of the specimens; which 
was soon done, the pubHcation consisting of a frontispiece picture 
of Mr. Gilbert, and thirteen large half-tone reproductions of 
groups of the most striking specimens. This was largely cir- 
culated, the demands for it being still felt (though the edition has 
run out), and it has greatly aided in studying the peculiarities of 
the New England Indians. 

Up to 1907 the Doctor was actively engaged in many lines of 
college work with the peculiar success and industry which made 
for him the record so widely known; but about this time his 
strength began to fail, and one at a time he had to give up the 
other duties which exacted long and scheduled hours. As he 
gave up the other work, he turned to the Indian collection and 
worked on it almost daily as long as he could climb the hill. 

At this time came the fruition of the long years of love and 
care, a harvest which exceeded the largest dreams the Doctor 
ever had; and his dreams were by no means small. In early 1907, 
when the catalogue went out to the alumni, into each copy was 
slipped a copy of a letter from "Old Doc," written in his 
inimitable style, asking the boys, if they had Indian collections 
with which they had ceased to work to send them to the College; 
or if they were still actively collecting to make such provision 
that the College would ultimately get the collection. 

Just how much was due to this letter and how much to the 
Doctor's personal efforts, no one can say; but things began to 

For years he had negotiated with Mr. Campell of Agawam in 
regard to his collection of some twenty-five hundred objects, all 
picked up by the owner on one site, and peculiar in that it had 
been Mr. Campell 's fancy to retain only complete specimens. 
For years he had corresponded with Dr. Kellogg of Platts- 
burg, N. Y., about his collection of over fifteen thousand objects, 
all collected by the owner about the shores of Lake Champlain. 
Both these were prize collections, and I think the Doctor had 
given up hopes of ever adding them to his. 

One morning in the spring of this year, he came up to the Cab- 
inet simply jubilant, and said to the writer; "I want you to 
go to Agawam as soon as you can, and bring up Mr. Campell 's 

282 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

collection." Next morning armed with a check for $1800, 
provided by Mr. James Turner, two of us, each carrying two suit 
cases, started for Agawam. At night we returned with the cases 
filled with the choicest specimens, the heavier material having 
been packed to send up by express. 

To catalogue the big lot all at once was a formidable job, for 
from the time the collection had been designated the Gilbert 
Museum, the Doctor had devised and kept up a catalogue, which 
carried a number for each specimen, with an entry of the time 
and place of finding, and on the oppisite page an outline drawing 
of the specimen. If too intricate the drawing was made by his 
daughter. Miss Lucy Hitchcock. These were busy days. 

Before the Campell collection was catalogued, there came 
through Mr. Tod Galloway, as a present from the Ohio Archaeo- 
logical Society, a full series of the specimens found in the excava- 
tion of the Baum Village Site, which is a great shell heap made 
of the refuse of fresh-water mussels, bones, pottery, etc., in Ohio. 
It gives a peculiar view of the Indians, showing quantities of pot- 
tery, some stone implements, and what is unusual a large number 
of awls, needles, arrow heads, etc., made of bone; beads made by 
cutting off the ends of bird bones; knives of beaver teeth, and 
jaws, etc., of all manner of animals used as food. These refuse 
heaps give the best pictures of Indian life of any sort of 
sites, and preserve more fully their paraphernalia than bones 
disintegrating under other circumstances. 

Then arrived two hundred of the beautiful and delicate arrow 
heads, awls, knives, etc., characteristic of the Indians of Oregon. 
On the heels of these came one hundred palaeolithic implements 
from India, a second lot presented by Seton-Karr through Mr. 
Bridgeman, the product of further exploration, and the oldest 
material known from Asia. 

During the summer of 1907 Amherst had a field party in west- 
ern Nebraska, three men, whom the Doctor had helped to equip. 
When they heard of an old Indian working, known as the 
"Spanish Diggings," within sixty miles, they moved over to it, 
and found an ancient quarry site, where the Indians, before re- 
corded or traditional times, had resorted to get material for mak- 
ing their tools. The camping ground about the quarries was 
covered with three to six feet of chips or flakes made by the ancient 

The Amherst Indian Collection 283 

workmen. From this refuse they gathered about two thousand 
implements, in various stages of manufacture, or broken in the 
process. These were all brought to the Doctor. Next year the 
expedition started from this region, beginning their season by 
gathering and shipping in three thousand more specimens of this 

During the next winter there arrived a collection from Mr. 
J. J. H. Gregory of Marblehead, containing about one thousand 
objects picked up in South Carolina just after a flood of the 
Congaree River had washed out an Indian burial site; and also 
some five hundred specimens from eastern Massachusetts. 

Some time in the spring of 1909, the Doctor remarked to Mrs. 
Hitchcock, ' ' I don't believe we shall ever get that Kellogg collection . ' ' 
Through this summer Amherst had five men working in the shell 
heaps of Maine, living on the unexpended balance of funds provi- 
ded for the expedition of the previous year. One morning in 
late July, the Doctor telegraphed the writer, "Go up to Plattsburg 
and estimate the value of the Kellogg collection." This was 
done, and inside of four days I was back at work in Maine. It was 
not a week later that a second telegram came, "Go to Plattsburg 
and pack up the Kellogg collection." On my return to Amherst 
the Doctor gave me a check for $6000, provided by Mr. Arthur 
C. James, and I started out again, this time provided with all 
the packing material I could carry. In three days the collection 
was in twenty-nine packing cases, and arrived the next day in 
Amherst as soon as I did. 

There is a story in the Kellogg collection, but only an outline of 
it is in order here. This young physician in 1878, on his thirty- 
first birthday took an outing with a couple of friends, on which 
they called on a farmer who showed them some Indian relics he 
had picked up, and told them of the place. Next day he drove 
with his wife to "the creek" along which they picked up quanti- 
ties of broken pottery. Thus he mounted a hobby which was 
to be hard ridden. Every day not occupied by his profession 
(or even part of a day) found the Doctor out hunting for Indian 
relics, and "the creek" which was about two miles from Platts- 
burg and along which was a sand bar about a mile long, was his 
most frequent resort. From this sand bar he took literally thou- 
sands of pieces of pottery, several times finding enough of a broken 

284 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

vessel so that it was possible to restore it. For thirty years he 
rode the country, practicing his profession, for he was a successful 
physician, by night or day, and spending the spare hours of the 
day collecting Indian relics, talking Indian relics, and correspond- 
ing with other collectors. In his diary he mentions several days 
when he found over one hundred objects in a day in this then 
virgin territory. The banner day of his life was when he located 
the site of an Indian village near Ticonderoga and found five 
hundred and eight implements. He filled the cabinets which he 
built in his study, and the boxes under the tables, and then had to 
store quantities of specimens in the barn. Dozen of people got the 
fever, and the region was carefully scoured for Indian remains. 
When an especially rare object turned up in any one else's col- 
lection, Dr. Kellogg obtained it if possible, either by gift or pur- 
chase, so that his collection contained the cream of the region, 
and was especially notable for the set of over seventy -five pipes, 
not to mention the large numbers of slate knives, ornaments, etc. 
He was more than a collector. He had the true archaeologist's 
instincts, corresponding widely, and gathering all the possible 
data about his specimens. On or near Lake Champlain he located 
over twenty-five prehistoric Indian village sites, and was the 
authority for northern New York State. His collection is re- 
quired to fill out the Indian lore for New York; for the State col- 
lection though very large is no richer than this Kellogg collection, 
and represents the central and southern part of the state. Such 
enthusiasm unfortunately does not enrich a man. While in 
Plattsburg I heard that in cases his fees were paid in Indian relics. 
In 1907 Dr. Kellogg was halted by paralysis. It is a comfort to 
know that his last years were made comfortable to some degree 
by the collection he had made, though it was hard for him to 
part with it. 

For two years the cataloguing of the Kellogg collection occupied 
all of Dr. Hitchcock's time, but during those last two years he 
practically finished getting it into shape for exhibition. In the 
meantime other collections kept coming in. The Maine expedi- 
tion in the shell heaps netted some two thousand specimens, mak- 
ing as fine a set as exists illustrative of this phase of Indian life 
in New England. 

The Amherst Indian Collection 285 

In 1909 Silas H. Paine, living at Silver Bay, Lake George, deci- 
ded to break up his collections, and Mr. Geo. D. Pratt purchased 
the Indian relics for the Doctor. The collection was all gathered 
about Lake George, and numbered about six thousand specimens, 
the whole being obtained for $600. It has its special interest; 
for Mr. Paine was interested in the trading of the Indians, and 
had had an expert on rocks come up and identify the material 
from which the relics had been manufactured, determining the 
region from which the material had been obtained either before 
it was made up, or probably more often made on the spot and 
brought away to be traded later. Naturally most of the objects 
made were from local material, but there are over two hundred, 
the material for the manufacture of which came from afar, some 
of it from Pennsylvania, some from the Lake Superior region, and 
some from the Rocky Mountains and Mississippi valley. This 
collection the Doctor never got catalogued, though he saw it. 

While I have been mentioning larger collections which came 
in during these last two years, it must not be lost to mind that 
there were also many smaller though no less interesting sets of 
specimens coming in, each lot with its local or peculiar inter- 
est. To mention some of them: — 

200 specimens from eastern Massachusetts, given by Mr. J. H. Biram 
300 specimens from Ohio, given by Mr. J. H. Miller 
400 specimens from Alabama, given by Mr. W. S. Hatch 

150 specimens from the shell heaps of Florida, given by Mr. Clarence B. Moore 
300 specimens of obsidian from Japan, given by Baron Nailu Kanda 
100 or more specimens of bones, etc , from the neolithic caves of France, given 
by Prof. L. H. Parker of Amherst 

And during the period there were purchases of. 

Palaeolithic implements from England 

A palaeolithic collection from France 

A neolithic collection from France 

A neolithic collection from Denmark 

A shell heap collection from Denmark, by exchange 

Thus the Amherst collection grew so that now there are over 
thirty-five thousand objects in it, two thirds of them representing 
the Algonquin region centering in New England and extending 
into the Iroquois country of Lake Champlain. 

286 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

To these have been added the ethnological collections of the 
College. The north gallery of the new room will be occupied 
by the foreign archaeological collection; the east gallery is filled 
with weapons, tools, ornaments, etc, of the Zulus, presented by 
Mr. J. D. Taylor; the west gallery is similarly occupied by articles 
representing the culture of the natives of the Kamerun, given by 
Mr. Geo. Schwab and Mr. A. H. Krug; and into the south gallery 
has been moved the collection made years ago by the Society of 
Inquiry. This organization was composed of young men pro- 
posing to go into foreign missionary fields, and they established 
in their rooms a museum of ethnology (not so designated at the 
the time) filled by Amherst's missionaries with many rare objects 
from China, Japan, Persia, Turkey, India, Fiji, and the Sandwich 
Islands. After the society was given up these specimens were 
stored for years, but now are to be returned to public exhibition. 

The streams of contributions flowing into the Amherst Indian 
collection have not yet dried up, and I hope never will. They 
are still being catalogued, as they were by the Doctor. Though 
the collection is large, or rather because the collection is large, 
every object in it attains value because it can be compared with 
a wide range of other specimens of similar character from all parts 
of the field; and each specimen now has an opportunity of being 
studied; for the lure of such a large collection is so great that 
students of archaeology cannot omit examining it, when they are 
studying any point of broad aspect. 

The seed sown was perhaps not as small as that of a mustard 
plant, but its increase rivals that of the mustard. The tree has 
grown, but is peculiar in being a tree and perennial, so it will con- 
tinue to grow. It is ready for the fowls of the air to lodge in it; 
and already a few papers, based on the material there preserved, 
have gone out. More will follow. 

No object wrought by the hand of a prehistoric man is mean. 
Each tells a tale of its own ; but when several are placed together, 
the sum of the tales makes a mosaic picture, only possible when 
the narrators are side by side. All honor to the picture man 
who was so modest that he put another man's name on the pic- 

Patience 287 



LIKE lilies in the morning rain 
That wait the sun and miss his smile, 
Yet grow their cells and get some gain 
Of tender brittleness, the while 
It rains; 

or scattered birds in flight 
Near the bright top of twilight heaven 
That lose the sunken sun, then sight 
The early sentinel of even : 

So sorrow in the heart doth wait 

For God. He comes — a little late! — 

After the ebb of angry pain. 

Like sun on flowers after rain; 

Like the slow star that lights the west 

When part the day and night for rest 

And absence, after their one hour 

Together; such is His high power, 

He comes when first the pangs abate — 

He seems to come a little late! 

288 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 




VIEWED in perspective, at a distance over forty-two 
and one half years, the Springfield Regatta of 1872 
looms large in the history of American athletics, as well 
as in that of college boat racing. It aroused a keener and wider 
public interest than any contest between college crews or clubs had 
ever done before. It was a bahnbrechend event. It shattered 
the haughty primacy of Harvard and Yale, and put heart of hope 
into the fresh-w^ater colleges to dare and do what they had not 
dared to attempt hitherto. Naturally, we are most concerned 
with the immediate brilliancy of the victory won by our Univer- 
sity crew over five formidable rivals, but, as sons of Amherst, we 
should all take pride, as well, in the remoter results of that victory. 
For, as some appreciative verse-maker of that time wrote, "con- 
tempt for smaller colleges died when Amherst won the race." 

Lest I be charged with being an immodest laudator temporis 
acti, let me say, that I did not pull an oar in that race. Being 
only the substitute, I yelled from the shore. Then, as now, I was 
a light weight but I could run and, being in training, I saw most 
of the race. Of the six who rowed, Benedict, '72, a resident of 
Tombstone, Arizona, and Brown, '74, who lives at Fitchburg, 
Mass.. are the only survivors. Therefore I resume my old func- 
tion, for the nonce, as seventh man in substitution for Brown 
whom the surgeons have deprived of one of his vocal chords! 
By a curious coincidence, I sat in Brown's seat in the fastest 
practice pull before the race in 1872. I cannot forget that, nor 
that I substituted in the Freshman boat under like circumstances 
the same year. 

So much water has run under the bridges since the public first 
awarded Amherst a place upon the athletic map, that in attempt- 
ing to tell the story of our victory I have not ventured to rely upon 

The Springfield Regatta 289 

my memory alone. *Brown has sent me two letters, and I 
have interviewed two other men who pulled in the race, namely, 
the captains of the Harvard and Bowdoin crews. I have further 
refreshed my recollection of what I saw by inward digestion of a 
half-dozen contemporary press accounts of the race. 

Let no one suppose that our crew was just a bunch of huskies 
that won through main strength and awkwardness. They won 
by reason of their superb oarsmanship, and superior generalship — 
as was fully conceded at the time. At least four of the six were 
"old oars," as oars went in that day, having rowed in class- 
races on the Connecticut. For be it remembered that boat racing 
began at Amherst, not in 1872, but in 1870, when the first of a 
considerable series of regattas, under the auspices of the Amherst 
Navy, was rowed on the Connecticut opposite Hatfield. Two 
six-oared crews pulled in that race; the University made up mostly 
of '71 men, and the Freshmen crew of '73, which was my class. 
We beat. At Lake Quinsigamond, a fortnight later, in the Fresh- 
man race, Amherst, Brown, Harvard, and Yale were represented. 
Brown won, although our boys were ahead until a collision with 
Brown threw them out of the race. 

In 1871, the first regatta of the National Association of Ameri- 
can Colleges was rowed on the Connecticut, over the Ingleside 
course of three miles, above Springfield. In the University 
race, the "Aggies" won over Harvard and Brown. Amherst 
sent no crew to Ingleside. 

The second regatta of the National Association, which was 
rowed July 24, 1872, on the Connecticut below Springfield, 
aroused immense interest. Well it might, even had Amherst 
not won the University race, and only lost the Freshman race 
through a foul, for so many American college crews had never 
entered a regatta before. Amherst, Amherst Agricultural, Bow- 
doin, Harvard, Williams, and Yale were severally represented in 
the University race, and Amherst, Brown, the Sheffield Scientific 
School, and Wesleyan University each sent a Freshman crew. 
All ten were six-oared crews. In none of the shells was there a 
coxswain. Steering the shell devolved upon the bow oarsman, 

*This account of the University Race in 1872 was given at a meeting of the 
Alumni Council, at New York, on February 24, 1915. Fortunately, Mr. B. F. 
Bruce, '74, of the crew arrived in time to attend the dinner in the evening. 

290 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

who controlled the steering gear by his feet! Only the Harvards 
used the then novel sliding seats. Considerable interest attached 
to the fact that Amherst, BoAvdoin, and the "Aggies" each had 
a famous professional oarsman as trainer. So had Wesleyan 
Freshmen. The mentors of all the other crews were amateurs, 
and collegians at that. 

Our crew's averages were: Age, 23 years; weight, 148 lbs.; 
height, 5 ft. 93^ in. Of the six University crews, Amherst ranked 
I in age, V in weight, III in height, and III in weight of shell, 
viz., 140 lbs., and had the least desirable station at the start. 
But the men were in the pink of condition, grimly determined, 
imperturbable, knew how to row, and were faultlessly stroked 
and steered. They were a great crew. They made record time, 
16 minutes, 323^ seconds, that has never been beaten by a six — 
over a three mile course! 

These were the men, from stern to bow, with their home towns: 

* 1. Walter Negley, '72, Hagerstown, Md., Stroke. 
2. Arthur J. Benedict, '72, Bethel, Conn. 

* 3. Frank M. Wilkins, '72, Peabody, Mass. 

* 4. Leverett Bradley, '73, Methuen, Mass., Captain. 
5. Benjamin F. Brown, '74, Fitchburg, Mass. 

* 6. George E. Brewer, '74, Southboro, Mass., Steersman. 

The race, originally set for the late afternoon of Tuesday, July 
23, was postponed, owing to rough water, till nine A. M. of the 
twenty-fourth. The course was three miles, straight away, down 
stream, from a line just below the Agawam ferry, about a mile 
and a half below the Springfield Railroad Bridge. In general, 
the course resembled an elongated reversed letter S. For three- 
quarters of a mile or so, the course ran west of south, then it bore 
more to the southward for nearly a mile and a half, where it curved 
toward the southeast. From the Agawam road, which followed 
the trend of the west bank, the course was visible for most of the 
stretch between the two bends. Most of the six thousand spec- 
tators were on the Agawam side. "The water was like glass, 
the air like balm." 

* Since deceased. 

The Springfield Regatta 291 

I venture to crib from the Amherst Student of September 21, 
1872, my own account of the race, inasmuch as, being then Manag- 
ing Editor of the Student, as well as Commodore of the Amherst 
Navy, it is rather probable I spoke the truth. Anyhow the 
Bowdoin Orient printed it "as the fairest account of the race." 


"At 11.05 the gun calling in line the crews for the University Race was fired. 
In about twenty minutes the crews were in line, Amherst having the position 
nearest the east, or Springfield shore, Williams was second, Yale third, Bowdoin 
fourth, Harvard fifth, and the "Aggies" in toward the west bank. . . . After a 
false start there ensued a tiresome interval of backing and filling, and it was not 
till ten minutes of noon that the crews finally got away. Bowdoin first gained 
the lead, pulling at 46 a minute. Harvard and "Aggies" followed close, pulling 
42. Amherst started at a stroke of 42 to the minute which she kept up till she 
took Williams's water within half a mile. Williams had passed Yale, so that 
Amherst was now fourth, and pulled across into Yale's water, but the boats were 
well together and at the end of the first half mile passed an observer in seven 
seconds. The first mile passed, Amherst lapped the Bowdoins half a length. 
Harvard at this time being nearly abreast on the other side, "Aggies" a little in 
the rear, Williams fifth, and Yale sixth. 

"Negley settled to a long stroke of 39 or 40 to the minute, and then followed 
the sternest, stoutest pulling of the race. For three-quarters of a mile the boats 
of Amherst and Bowdoin hung together, Harvard all the while working steadily, 
hoping that the Bowdoins and the Amhersts would tire each other out. But Neg- 
ley's deliberate, strong, even stroke told against the quicker one of the Bow- 
doins. Slowly and by short inches, our men gained. Again and again the Bow- 
doin captain called for a spurt, but the boys in white could not shake them ofif. 
Amherst was gaining surely, and when the crews came nearly opposite the Am- 
herst float, Negley, being even with the bow of the Bowdoins, felt sure of his 
ground, and called out, 'Now, boys, we'll take that long, strong stroke, and we'll 
take Bowdoin's water.' Suiting the action to the word, he quickened from 40 
to 42. Our crew answered with their mightiest efforts. The boat fairly quivered 
and seemed actually to leap from the water — on the stake boat, a mile and a 
half away, men say they could see her bottom for half its length — and Negley's 
promise was fulfilled as Brewer shot the shell into Bowdoin's water. Said our 
coach, Biglin, of this part of the race: 'I never see'd prettier rowing than that.' 
Says Negley, 'If ever a man deserved credit, Brewer does for the way he put us 
around the Bowdoins. Their repeated cries of "Don't foul us, Amherst," did not 
drive him over to the other side of the river. Not a bit of it. He never veered 
an inch, except when they veered, and as we shot into their water an oar would 
have linked the boats.' 

"Bowdoin now fell behind, and Harvard pushed Amherst wickedly for the 
lead. As Amherst took the lead 'Bene' said 'We've got 'em,' and Brown was 

292 Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

heard to murmur something about 'them cups,' but a spurt on the part of Har- 
vard produced silence. After passing Bowdoin the Amhersts settled to about 
40 and did not quicken, except once when pressed by Harvard, and again on the 
'home spurt'. 

"At the end of the second mile, Amherst was leading all the crews by a length, 
followed by Harvard second, Bowdoin third, "Aggies" fourth, Williams fifth, and 
Yale sixth. After once the Amhersts led them all, Harvard never lapped them, 
though their magnificent spurts at times diminished the lead. All eyes were now 
upon the two leading crews, Amherst pulling steadily, surely, and Harvard spurt- 
ing viciously, bravely, vainly. On they came, down the third mile, till they 
were within about a quarter of a mile of the finish, when Negley set them the 
stroke for the home spurt, and at the rate of 44 to the minute, Amherst crossed 
the line, leading Harvard by eight lengths, and winning in the unexampled time 
of 16.32^. 

The following is the time: 

Amherst 16.32^ Bowdoin 17.31 

Harvard 16.57 Williams 17.59 

Agricultural 17.10 Yale 18.13 

"It will be noticed that the time of the Middletowns was beaten by that of 
Amherst and Harvard only, and that the Amherst Freshmen came in two sec- 
onds ahead of Bowdoin's time; this is largely, we think, due to the fact that the 
Freshmen crews had the aid of a favoring breeze." 

It has been my fortune to see a goodly number of good races 
between the best college crews on both American and British 
waters, but as I recall the vision of the Amherst boat, rushing 
down the last mile to its splendid finish, I am fain tr aay with 
John Biglin: "I never see'd prettier rowing than that!" 

(iEOlUiE W ASHIU RX, U.D., LL.l). 
Late President of Robert College, (Constantinople 

George Washburn 293 

Cfte aml)er0t SUuistnoug 



" A TREE is known by its fruits, a college by its gradu- 
/-% ates," said Dr. Washburn, speaking of the American 
"^ "^ College at Constantinople of which he was president. 
Few graduates, if any, have given greater honor to Amherst 
College than two who were close friends while here in college, and 
who parted only to join a few years later in the work of regener- 
ating the Turkish Empire: the one, George Washburn, presi- 
dent of Robert College, the other Daniel Bliss, president of 
the Syrian Protestant College at Beirut. These two institutions, 
more than any others, have taught the youth of that empire the 
principles of justice, the worth of humanity, and the fear of God. 
George Washburn was born in Middleboro, Mass., March 1, 
1833. His father was a merchant in that ancient town, a man 
of culture and dignity, a Christian gentleman of the old school, 
and possessed of comfortable means. From him his only son 
inherited his stately frame. His mother was the daughter of 
one of the leading merchants of Boston, and had the privilege of 
being one of the earliest pupils of Miss Grant and Mary Lyon 
at their famous school in Ipswich, out of which grew that of 
Mount Holyoke. It was a school intended to train teachers, 
and Miss Homes, who had no plans for teaching, was the young- 
est and liveliest girl in her class, to her last days full of cheer 
and good fellowship. An aunt of hers was the wife of Dr. Ly- 
man Beecher, and she was for a while an inmate of his family in 
Litchfield, and after her marriage to Philander Washburn, Cath- 
erine Beecher frequently visited her in Middleboro, as did many 
of her city friends, for the Washburns kept open house and were 
most hospitable as I can testify from my own visits there. Thus 
George and his two sisters had the advantage of being trained in 
a house of fine Christian culture and refinement. From his 
earliest youth he thus learned the courtesies of social life as well 
as the obligations of religion. 

294 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

George Washburn was graduated in 1855. He was one of the first 
scholars in his class, and I remember him — for I was in the 
next class — as being, I think, during his Senior year the most 
influential man in college, a man of mature judgment, high schol- 
arship, sound character, and gentlemanly demeanor. After his 
graduation he spent a year traveling in Europe and the near 
East, having as his companions Prof. W. S. Tyler and Professor 
Tyler's nephew who later, as Professor Mather, succeeded his 
uncle in the chair of Greek, and another companion. Tutor Sam- 
uel Fisk, whose death as captain in the Civil War, was much 
lamented. He studied at x\ndover Seminary, I think for two 
years, in the class of 1859, but went to Constantinople in 1858 
as treasurer of the Missions of the American Board For ten 
years he was only incidentally related to Robert College, which 
opened in 1863 under the charge of Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, supported 
by the liberality of a New York merchant, Christopher R. Rob- 
ert. Already for six years the effort had been making to estab- 
lish such an institution, and to secure permission from the Turk- 
ish government to acquire property on which to build. The 
full story of Robert College is told by Dr. Washburn in his "Fifty 
Years in Constantinople," published in 1909. His marriage in 
1859 to the eldest daughter of Dr. Hamlin brought him imme- 
diately into intimate relations with the affairs of the projected 
college. In 1865 in the absence of two professors, he taught sev- 
eral classes and for about two years he had charge of all the nego- 
tiating with the American Legation and the British Embassy, 
while trying to secure permission to build at Hissar the present 
location of the college. 

In 1868 Dr. Washburn left Constantinople, not intending to 
return. He was invited to become pastor of a church in Chi- 
cago, but simultaneously received a letter from Mr. Robert urg- 
ing him to go back to Constantinople to carry on the work of the 
college while Dr. Hamlin was giving his time to the erection of 
the first building on the new site at Hissar. He reached Con- 
stantinople in the summer of 1869, where the Washburns were 
most warmly welcomed and were much needed. His title was 
that of Professor of Philosophy. Besides Dr. Hamlin there 
was but one professor, who had resigned, two American tutors, 
one of them Mr. Grosvenor, afterwards Professor of History, 

George Washburn 295 

and since 1892 a professor in Amherst College. From this time 
on till his death Dr. Washburn's whole life was devoted to the 
interests of education through Robert College and to the study of 
current international history, which to so great an extent has 
centered about Constantinople and the Balkan States. 

It is not the purpose of this sketch to tell the history of Robert 
College, although that history properly includes the biography of 
George Washburn up to the time when at the age of seventy he 
retired from its presidency to spend the last years of his life 
still working for it, partly in Constantinople and of late in this 
country. From the time when Dr. Hamlin left Constantinople 
in December, 1873, never to return, the conduct of the college 
vras in the hands of Dr. Washburn, and his wisdom, more than 
that of any other man, was responsible for its growth and influ- 
ence. He had many excellent associates, of whom Professors 
Long and Van Millengen deserve special mention, and he was 
magnificently supported by the trustees in New York, of whom 
John A. Kennedy was president, whose magnificent bequest 
to the college Dr. Washburn lived to see. The college needed 
Dr. Washburn when he assumed the presidency. He was an 
organizer, as Dr. Hamlin had been a projector. He would have 
the college nothing less than a full college after the best Ameri- 
can traditions. He developed the courses of study, the fixed 
curriculum, necessarily modified from that of our colleges, for 
the students were of many nationalities and spoke many lan- 
guages. English was the language of instruction, which re- 
quired that the preparatory department should teach the Eng- 
lish language. Latin was required for graduation, but not Greek. 
But it was necessary to have professors or other teachers for each 
of the main languages spoken by the students that they might 
be trained in its literature and its higher art, in Turkish, Bul- 
garian, Armenian, and Greek. Special attention was given to 
Mathematics and Science and History. The whole course was 
compulsory, except as, later, some slight concession was given to 
electives. Dr. Washburn says in 1908: "I did not believe in 
elective courses in colleges, and never favored them. They be- 
long to the university, and as Professor Miinsterberg once said, 
the American college of today seems to me to be a cross between 
a university and a kindergarten. The old college was a place 

296 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of severe discipline, mental and moral. It may be that in this 
age of specialization the 'all-round man' of the old time is an 
impossibility. Certainly it is hard to find one, but it seems to 
me all the more necessary for the specialist to have four years of 
general discipline and culture with no option as to what he will 
study before he begins to specialize." 

Dr. Washburn's life was centered in Robert College, but Rob- 
ert College was in Constantinople, and Constantinople is the 
omphalos of the world. Or, to change the figure, it stands with 
one foot on Europe and one on Asia. It was for centuries the 
capital of the world, then became for more centuries the capital 
of the Mohammedan world of Asia and Africa, and of later years 
the barrier and defense of barbarism against the eastward progress 
of Christian civilization. Constantinople has been, during 
just these years of the history of Robert College, the breeding place 
of wars and rumors of wars, and the Sultan's court the meeting- 
place of rival diplomats, each eager to gain for his own country 
the spoils of the breaking up of the huge empire. And Robert 
College, in its president, knew all that was sought, was the con- 
fidant of ambassadors, the adviser of statesmen, and the strong- 
est influence for education in Turkey, and so for the regeneration, 
or the disruption, of the empire. 

It was natural that the students should have been mainly 
Christians, for the college was positively Christian, but it did 
not seek to proselyte. It would teach simple Christianity, but 
would not attack the Orthodox Greek Church, nor the Armen- 
ian, nor even the religion of the Jews or of the Moslems. It 
taught the rights of man, for its teachers were Americans, but it 
did not assail the government which gave it protection. Its 
first pupils were mainly Bulgarians and Armenians, the Bulgar- 
ians being in the majority until Bulgaria became free. It is 
not too much to say that free Bulgaria is the product of Robert 
College, for it was on the graduates of Robert College that the 
nation depended as its first rulers. Mr. Stoiloff, one of the 
early graduates and the most distinguished of its statesmen, 
told me at Sofia when I called on him, that but for the graduates 
of Robert College the new Bulgaria would have been compelled 
to go to Russia for its Cabinet oflBcers, mayors, and leaders 
of its Parliament. Thus, in a real way, Robert College, or Dr. 

George Washburn 297 

Washburn as its guiding genius, was also the genius and creator of 
the leading and most progressive of the new Balkan states — 
and was, to only a less degree, the inspirer of the new spirit which 
was developing the American and the Greek nationalities within 
the Turkish Empire, and was even teaching the new spirit of 
liberty to the Moslem people who under the young Turks were 
to create a new era for that country, and might have regener- 
ated it if the time of its regeneration had not passed. I do not 
mean to give the whole credit for this Armenian and Turkish 
renaissance to Robert College and its teachers. For Bulgaria 
it was the chief source, but for the Armenians the new spirit 
had come from the nearer teachings of the missionaries of the 
American Board, who had followed Robert College in establish- 
ing institutions of higher education. 

The unfortunate policy of the American Board had, under 
the lead of Secretary Anderson, discouraged higher education. 
It was not, it was said, the business of missions in India and 
elsewhere, to teach, but to evangelize. The schools opened by 
the missionaries were closed, and the missionaries were greatly 
grieved. Among them was Dr. Hamlin, and he had appealed 
from the Board to individuals like Mr. Robert; and so Robert 
College was started not as a proselyting missionary institution, 
but independent, though Christian, in which attendance at reli- 
gious worship was compulsory. The great value of the college 
was speedily evident, and the policy of the Board was changed 
and it was confessed that no Christian influence is greater than 
that of education, and colleges for both men and women were 
established everywhere. Here Robert College and Drs. Ham- 
lin and Washburn were the pioneers. 

What was the influence upon the pupils of this instruction 
appears in the following testimony from the distinguished scholar. 
Sir William Ramsay, who says in his "Impressions of Turkey": 

"I have come in contact with men educated in Robert Col- 
lege, in widely separated parts of the country, men of diverse 
races and different forms of religion, Greek, Armenian, and 
Protestant, and have everywhere been struck with the marvel- 
ous way in which a certain uniform type, direct, simple, honest, 
lofty in tone, has been impressed upon them. Some had more 
of it, some less, but all had it to a certain degree; and it is 

298 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

diametrically opposite to the type produced by growth under 
the ordinary conditions of Turkish life." 

It is a great privilege to have thus presided at the rebirth of 
nations, to have taught their educated leaders the principles of 
righteousness and liberty. This it was Dr. Washburn's priv- 
ilege to do. But his good fortune to serve thus in Constanti- 
nople enlarged his opportunity, developed his own culture, broad- 
ened his vision, and made him a statesman and the associate, 
confidant, and adviser of men whose business was statesman- 
ship. He was in most intimate relationship with the ambas- 
sadors of European powers, for they knew that he knew Turkey 
and the East as few other men knew it. Equally was he con- 
sulted by our Department of State at Washington, and twice he 
declined the invitation to be American Minister at the port. 
He has many a good word to say for our own ministers 
and ambassadors in Constantinople, and for none does he 
speak in warmer admiration than for Mr. Maynard, an early 
graduate of Amherst College. And in this connection it will 
at least be interesting to note the judgment passed on an Amer- 
ican statesman by one who had personal knowledge by visits 
in England and by association in Constantinople with ambas- 
sadors and visiting statesmen. Dr. Washburn says: 

"Theodore Roosevelt is certainly one of the most interesting 
men whom I have ever met; and President Roosevelt, from my 
point of view, which is European, is one of the greatest states- 
men in the world. I know of no statesman in Europe who ranks 
above him." 

The ten last years of his life Dr. Washburn spent mostly in 
this country, still serving the college. He had the pleasure of 
seeing its endowment greatly increased. He made his home 
with his son, a Boston physician. The funeral services were 
held in the Mount Vernon Church in Boston, and an address 
in his honor was made by Dr. James L. Barton, secretary of 
the American Board, and three addresses in the Armenian lan- 
guage, one of them by a bishop of the Armenian Church. He 
gave his life not to his country but to the world, and should 
his name be forgotten in his native land, it will be held in eternal 
memory in the splendid history of the recovery of the splendid 
East from its thousand years of tyrannous desolation. 

The Late Dr. George Washburn 299 



{From the Manchester Guardian) 

THOSE who have during the last fifty years followed the 
history of the Near East, and especially of the Christian 
races under Turkish dominion, know that by far the lar- 
gest and best part of what has been done by Western peoples has 
been done by American missionaries and teachers. Two institu- 
tions in particular have rendered inestimable services. One of 
these is the Syrian Protestant College at Beirut, over which the 
venerable Dr. Bliss presided for many years, and which is now 
administered by his son, Dr. Howard Bliss; the other is Robert 
College, on the Bosphorus near Constantinople. Its head for 
forty years was Dr. George Washburn, who has recently passed 
away in Boston at a very advanced age, having retained to the 
hist his remarkable mental powers and his keen interest in public 

Long before age compelled his retirement his name had become 
familiar to those who studied Turkey as the man who best under- 
stood that country and could give the wisest counsel regarding 
it. He was from time to time consulted by British Foreign Sec- 
retaries, for he had watched the progress of the Eastern drama 
with a detachment which comes more naturally to an American 
than to a European, and there were few indeed among Europeans 
or Americans who equaled him in penetration and in the sound- 
ness of his judgment. He had a difficult task in guiding or help- 
ing to guide the fortunes of the college for more than forty years, 
but he accomplished that task with wonderful skill and tact. 
The Turkish Government, especially after the accession of Abdul 
Hamid, were suspicious. There was much jealousy, sometimes 
breaking out into quarrels between the Greek and Bulgarian 
students who resorted to the college ; and the college itself incurred 
the more or less disguised hostility of Russia, and sometimes also 
of France, because it was supposed to be in sympathy with Britain 

300 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

and British policy. Dr. Washburn, however, succeeded in over- 
coming all these difficulties not only by wisdom but by the con- 
fidence which he inspired. He never compromised himself in 
politics, but he inspired the Bulgarians and the Armenians with 
hopes for the future of their nations, and was able to give to Bul- 
garia when she was suddenly liberated from Turkish rule what 
she most needed — a number of educated men fit for admin- 
istrative work. There had been no schools in Bulgaria, and when 
freedom came the graduates of Robert College were almost the 
only people in the country fit to conduct its government. In 
this way Robert College under the guidance of Dr. Hamlin, Dr. 
Long, and above all. Dr. Washburn, became a potent factor in 
Oriental history. In 1909 Dr. Washburn published, under the 
title of "Fifty Years in Constantinople," a most interest- 
ing chronicle of its fortunes from its foundation in 1868, the only 
defect in which is that his characteristic modesty prevented him 
from saying enough about his own share in its good work. 

It only remains to say that Dr. Washburn was a man of wide 
and varied attainments. He was an excellent geologist, and did 
much to explain the strata of the region on both sides of the Bos- 
phorus. He had a firm grasp of Turkish history and of the char- 
acter of Islam as a religious system. He was broadminded and 
tolerant in his views and policy, eschewed mere proselytism, and 
sought to help the ancient churches of the East by showing them 
how to purify themselves. Greeks, Bulgarians, and Armenians 
all learned to trust him, and Turks of the better sort recognized 
the nobility of his aims and the honesty of his methods. All who 
were admitted to his intimacy formed a warm affection as well 
as respect for him, and will remember him as one of the finest 
types of American character, and one of the best friends the 
Eastern people have had in our time. 

The Trustees 


Official anti Personal 


Among the many significant fea- 
tures of the annual meeting of the trus- 
tees of the College in Walker Hall on 
Thursday, May 6th, are the appoint- 
ment of two full professors, the adop- 
tion of a budget presented by Treas- 
urer Kidder, and the announcement 
of prizes and gifts for different purposes. 

Prof. Walton Hale Hamilton, now 
of the University of Chicago, is ap- 
pointed full professor of Economics. 
Prof. Raymond Gettell, now lecturer 
in the Freshman course of Social and 
Economic Institutions will be full 
professor of Political Science. Clarence 

E. Ay res is appointed instructor in 
the departments of Social Science and 
Logic. Waldo Shumway, '12, who has 
studied three years in biology at 
Columbia, will be the assistant in the 
biological laboratory. Prof. Herbert 

F. Hamilton, now on the Faculty, has 
been granted leave of absence for one 
and a half years dating from February, 

The full budget for the next finan- 
cial year was accepted. Two appro- 
priations were made, one of $1000 
to the town of Amherst as the College's 
share in the purchase of a new auto 
fire truck. The sum of fifty dollars 
was voted the Village Improvement 

Gifts announced are as follows: 
From the estate of Edward A. 
Crane, $1000 for the library fund bear- 
ing his name. 

From the estate of Mrs. Sarah E. S. 
Tuckerman, $5000 for the depart- 
ment of botany. 

From the estate of Charles B. 
Travis, '64, $2000 to found a prize to 
be awarded to a member of the Senior 
class who has improved most as a 
man and a scholar in the four years' 
course. The prize will be known as 
the Stanley B. and Charles B. Travis 
Prize for Improvement. 

There were a number of minor 
gifts, among them a portrait of Beecher 
and one of his Bibles, from George 
Mcllvaine, '07; two of Noah Web- 
ster's books, "The Prompter" and 
"The Effect of Slavery," from John 
Albree, '82; furniture for the A. C. C. A. 
rooms; a letter of Lord Jeffery Amherst 
from the Librarian of Dartmouth; a 
collection of seventeen volumes and 
twenty-five pamphlets, memorabilia 
of Amherst, by "Old Doc" Hitchcock, 
from his wife; from Mortimer Schifl, 
'96, a collection of reproductions of 
the old masters; from W. C. Atwater, 
'84, and Edwin C. Witherby, '96, the 
last known skeleton of the ancestor 
of the modern horse; from George 
Schwab, '05, a collection of weapons 
and implements of the natives of West 
Africa; and from Mrs. Ellen C. Brown 
of New York City, a botanical collec- 
tion larger than any the College now 

The trustees voted to thank the 
authorities of the Academy of Science 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

at Petrograd, Russia, for their assist- 
ance to Professor Todd on his 
expedition last summer; and they 
voted a pension to Miss Sabra Snell, 
library assistant for the past forty 
years, who retires in June. 

The trustees present were: George 
A. Plimpton, LL.D., president of the 
corporation. President Meiklejohn, 
Prof. Williston Walker, D.D., secretary 
of the board, Rev. William H. Ward, 
D.D., LL.D., John W. Simpson, 
LL.D., Rev. Cornelius Howard Pat- 
ton, D.D., Dean Wilford L. Robbins, 
D.D., LL.D., Arthur C. Rounds, M.A., 
Prof. Arthur Lincoln Gillett, M.A., 
Talcott Williams, LL.D., Robert Archey 
Woods, M.A., and Rev. John Timothy 
Stone, D.D. 

We quote from The Amhertst Student 
of Monday, May 10th, the following 
more detailed account of the new 
appointments on the Faculty: 

"The Amherst College Board of 
Trustees, at its meeting last Thursday 
made two new appointments as full 
professors. Raymond Garfield Getteil, 
for a year past conducting courses in 
political science and economics in the 
College, was appointed Professor of 
Political Science. Walton Hale Ham- 
ilton, now Assistant Professor of Polit- 
ical Economy at the University of 
Chicago, becomes Professor of Eco- 

"Professor Getteil came to the Col- 
lege after the retirement of Professor 
Grosvenor a year ago, and has for the 
past year conducted the Freshman 
course on Social and Economic Insti- 
tutions; he will in the future give the 
social and political aspects of current 
problems in the first half of the Fresh- 
man year and Professor Hamilton will 
deal with economic problems in the 
last half of the same year. Both will 

offer courses in their respective fields 
in advanced work. 

"Professor Hamilton received his 
Arts degree from the University of 
Texas in 1907, and the degree of Doc- 
tor of Philosophy from the University 
of Michigan in 1913. He was Instruc- 
tor in Mediaeval History in the Uni- 
versity of Texas, 1909-1910; In- 
structor in Political Economy in the 
University of Michigan 1910-1913; 
Assistant Professor Political Economy 
in the University of Michigan 1913- 
1914, and held a similar position at 
the University of Chicago, 1914-1915. 
He has published ' Readings in Current 
Economic Problems,' in addition to 
magazine articles and book reviews. 
Dr. Hamilton's special field has been 
economic theory. He attained dis- 
tinguished success at the University of 
Michigan and at the University of 
Chicago, as a teacher as well as an 

"John Allan Child was appointed 
Associate Professor of Romance Lan- 
guages for one year to take the place 
of Prof. Arthur H. Baxter who is to 
be absent on sabbatical leave. Mr. 
Child was graduated from Harvard 
in 1900 and has been a graduate stu- 
dent at Johns Hopkins University and 
in Florence, Italy. He was Instruc- 
tor in Romance Languages in the Uni- 
versity of Alabama, 1903-1904; in 
the University of California, 1905- 
1910, and was Assistant Professor of 
Romance Languages in the University 
of California, 1910-1912. 

"Mr. Clarence Edwin Ayres was ap- 
pointed Instructor in Social Science 
and Logic. Mr. Ayres was graduated 
from Brown University in 1912 and 
has done graduate work at Harvard 
and Brown. He has been recently 
instructor in Philosophy at Brown 
University. He will do preceptorial 

The Trustees 303 

work in connection with the Freshman at Columbia University for three 

course in Social and Economic Insti- years. He has been recently appointed 

tutions, and the Sophomore course in Laboratory Assistant at Columbia. 

Logic. Mr. Waldo Shumway, who was Prof. J. M. Clark goes to the Univer- 

appointed Laboratory Assistant in sity of Chicago next year as Assistant 

Biologj', was graduated from Amherst Professor of Political Economy." 
in 1911 and has been studying biology 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterl 


At the annual meeting of the 
Association held at the Hotel Mar- 
tinique, New York City, April 30, 1915, 
the following men were elected to the 
Executive Committee: To fill a va- 
cancy in the class expiring 1917, John 
L. Coates, 1913; for the class of 1918, 
H. L. Bridgman, '66 (re-elected), W. C. 
Atwater, '84; W. C. Breed, '93; Burges 
Johnson, '99 (re-elected); M. L. Far- 
rell, '01. Dr. John. B. Walker, '83, was 
elected to the Alumni Council as a 
representative of the Association. 
W. S. Tyler, '95, is the Association's 
other representative. 

At a meeting of the Executive Com- 
mittee held on May 11, 1915, the fol- 
lowing officers of the Association for 
the ensuing year were elected: 
President, D. W. Morrow, '95; first 
vice-president, Geo. B. Mallon, '87; 
second vice-president, W. C. Breed, 
'93; honorary vice-president. Dr. Geo. 
Harris, '66; treasurer, M. L. Farrell, 
'01; secretary, F. S. Bale, '06, 14 
Wall Street. 

The Association of Central Mas- 
sachusetts. — This association has 
offered to the high schools of the city 
of Worcester a silver cup to be known 
as the Amherst Debating Cup, to be 
awarded for excellence in debate under 
conditions prescribed by the club. 
The gift was accepted by the School 
Committee of Worcester with the 
thanks of the Committee. 

Association of Western New 
York. — An extemporaneous debating 
contest, under the auspices of the Am- 
herst Alumni of Buffalo, was held at 
the Master Park High School on Wed- 
nesday evening. May 26th. The general 
theme for the debate was "Treaty Re- 
lations Between Columbia and the 
United States." 

From the general theme a special 
topic was chosen and announced to 
the contestants one hour before the 
debate. The contestants then drew 
lots for the order of speaking and the 
sides on which they were to speak. 
Each competitor was given an hour in 
a quiet room by himself to organize 
his material for presentation. At the 
time of the contest each speaker was 
allowed ten minutes to present his 

Amherst Club of Chicago. — Dur- 
ing the month of May the Amherst 
College Club of Chicago has exhibited 
the Alumni Council moving picture 
film of Amherst Commencement events 
in about a dozen towns in Illinois near 
Chicago. Announcements of the 
event have been made in the nearest 
high schools and in the local press. 

The club has distributed eight thou- 
sand copies of the 1915 baseball sched- 
ule of the Chicago High Schools 
Baseball Teams, wjio are to compete 
for the Amherst Trophy Cup presented 
by the Amherst Club of Chicago. 

The Alumni Council 



The most important recent work of 
the Alumni Council has been the pub- 
lication of the handsome little book 
" Amherst Life " under the editorship 
of Walter A. Dyer, '00. 

The purpose of the booklet is to 
furnish information to prospective col- 
lege students and give them a little 
more vivid idea of what Amherst 
College is like than can be gained 
from the catalogue. At the same time 
the fact has not been lost sight of 
that the booklet will also find its way 
into the hands of teachers and parents. 

" What are the influences that have 
colored Amherst life?" is asked in the 
introduction, and an attempt is made 
to give an answer in the pages that 
follow. Some of the topics treated 
are "Amherst — The Location"; 
" Amherst ~ The Town"; " The 
Campus," v/hich " gives the college 
a character and beauty all its own"; 
" Athletics," and " The Department 
of Physical Education," the first " in 
the country to be established as a 
department of equal rank with the 
other departments of a college"; 
'* Athletic Opportunity," with " a 
chance for every man " as the watch- 
word in athletics; "Other 'Outside' 
Activities," in which " a man may 
gain distinction, achieve a position of 
leadership, and acquire the habit of 
accomplishment and success"; " Fra- 
ternities"; " Religious Life, the or- 

ganized expression of which is the 
Christian Association"; "Singing"; 
and "Intellectual Activities, the game 
of the mind," for such is " another 
activity into which Amherst under- 
graduates are expected to go and do 
go with keen zest." 

The booklet was printed by the 
Country Life Press on India tinted 
stock in brown duotone ink and is 
illustrated with thirty half-tone views 
of different phases of Amherst life. 
While Mr. Dj^er has been the editor 
of the booklet, others have shared in 
its production: Harry A. Cushing, 
'91, Chairman of the Publication Com- 
mittee of the council; William F. 
Merrill, '99, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Secondary Schools, for whose 
use the booklet is designed; William 
J. Boardman, '95, Oliver B. Merrill, 
'91, of the Executive Committee; and 
Frederick S. Allis, Secretary of the 
Council. Copies of the booklet have 
been sent to all prospective students 
whose names were sent the Secretary 
of the Council by alumni and under- 
graduates. Graduates and non- 
graduates are requested to aid the 
Alumni Council in the distribution of 
the booklet among prospective 
students, their parents and teachers, 
as well as among friends of the College. 
Copies will be sent to any address on 
application to Frederick S. Allis, Secre- 
tary, Amherst, Massachusetts. 

3o6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 



From a memorial address read 
before the Dover Historical Society 
by Frank Smith, and published in 
The Dedham Transcript, March 20th, we 
quote the following: 

"Calvin Stoughton Locke was a 
son of Amos Jewett and Clementina 
(Stoughton) Locke, and was born in 
Acworth, N. H., on the 11th of Oc- 
tober. 1829. 

"He fitted for college at Kimball 
Union Academy, Meriden, N. H., 
and Williston Seminary, Easthampton, 
Mass.; was graduated from Amherst 
College in 1849, and from the Harvard 
Divinity School in 1854. The same 
year he was settled over the Dedham 
Third Parish Church, now the First 
Parish Church in Westwood. Mr. 
Locke continued in the pastorate of 
this church until 1863. Following an 
ancient custom among clergymen he 
took boys into his home to fit for col- 
lege. After his resignation as min- 
ister of the First Parish Church he 
established a boarding and day school 
in his house. Here he conducted 
for many years a very successful pri- 
vate school where he fitted pupils for 
business and college. In 1868 Mr. 
Locke was invited to preach for two 
Sundays in the Dover First Parish 
Church. His services were so ac- 
ceptable to the people and so agree- 
able to himself that he continued to 
supply the pulpit for eleven years. 

" Although never a resident of Dover, 
yet through his liberal administration 
of the First Parish Church, he became 
a benefactor of the town and exerted 
an influence that is still felt after a 
lapse of nearly fifty years. Previous 
to his becoming the minister of the 
First Parish Church there had been 
for half a century little or no improve- 
ment in the church service. 

" Mr. Locke's writings are widely 
scattered in the school reports of Ded- 

ham and Westwood, the Christian Reg- 
ister, Dedham Transcript, and Ded- 
ham Historical Register. He was a 
contributor to the Religious Magazine 
and Monthly Review, and many of his 
sermons have been published. 

"A decade ago Mr. Locke traveled 
extensively in the South for the pur- 
pose of studying the life and condi- 
tions of the colored people. Instead 
of stopping at fashionable hotels he 
mingled with the people, and in this 
way learned at first hand their real 
life. Through all the years since, he 
has distributed an abundance of help- 
ful literature in homes and schools. 
In summer he has entertained colored 
teachers at his home in Westwood, 
where they have been uplifted by being 
brought under the influence of the cul- 
ture and beauty of a New England home. 
Through visits and correspondence 
he had inspired, encouraged and aided 
colored teachers in their effort to edu- 
cate and elevate their race. The 
head of a model and training school 
for negroes writes: 'His spirit for the 
general uplift of these poor, dejected 
people, his beautiful letters and help- 
ful suggestions have been the means 
of shaping a sentiment here which 
he little suspects.' Another colored 
teacher writes: 'I am a broader 
woman and better fitted for my work 
through his influence.' 

" The importance of his work among 
colored people is illustrated by an 
account which I have in a letter 
before me describing a convention of 
colored doctors, dentists, and phar- 
macists recently held in Augusta. 
Some seventy men were in attendance 
from all parts of the state, with Dr. 
Hall, a noted colored surgeon from 
Chicago, and Dr. Roman of Nash- 
ville, a specialist of the ear, eye, and 
throat, who came to take part in the 

" Mr. Locke was married at North- 
boro, Mass., June 5, 1858, by the 
Rev. Joseph Allen to Ann, daughter 

The Classes 


of Jarius and Mary (Cotton) Lincoln. 
Four children blessed this union, of 
whom three are living, Mary Stough- 
ton Locke, A.B., Smith, 1880, A.M., 
Radcliffe, 1892, a teacher of history 
and art in private schools in Boston; 
William Ware Locke, Worcester Poly- 
technic Institute, 1877, S.T.B., Har- 
vard Divinity School, 1885; Henry 
Lincoln Locke, Agricultural Depart- 
ment, Cornell University, School of 
Mines, Bethlehem, Pa., a farmer, 
Longmont, Colo. 

"Mr. Locke has enjoyed with Mrs. 
Locke a serene old age on his little 
farm in Westwood, which he purchased 
at the beginning of his ministry, 
more than half a century ago. In 
summer he has taken great satisfac- 
tion in out-of-door life in his garden 
and among his fruit trees, and at all 
seasons has engaged in much reading 
and study. All the leading maga- 
zines were read by him monthly. 
He traveled widely in his own coun- 
try and abroad, having made several 
extended European trips. 

"Mr. Locke was for many years 
chairman of the Dedham School Com- 
mittee and rendered a most efficient 
service; he recognized the importance 
of professional supervision and it was 
during his administration that the town 
first employed a superintendent of 
schools. With the incorporation of 
Westwood he was elected to the 
School Committee and served in the 
organization of the system as chair- 
man and supervisor of schools." 

Died peacefully in her home at 
Beirut, Syria, at 7.30 p. m., Monday, 
April 12, 1915, 

Abby Maria Wood Bliss 
wife of Rev. Dr. Daniel Bliss, President 
Emeritus of the Syrian Protestant Col- 
lege, in the eighty-fifth year of her 
age and in the sixtieth year of her 
missionary service. 

The late Rev. Dr. George Washburn 
has been signally honored by the 
national assembly of Bulgaria where 

he did his life's work. They passed 
a message of condolence to his widow 
and son and otherwise honored his 
memory. The graduates of Robert 
College, Sofia, also sent a message, and 
have petitioned the Minister of Public 
Instruction to name the new gym- 
nasium of the college after Dr. Wash- 
burn and his colleague. Dr. Long. 
They have also asked the mayor of 
Sofia to name streets after the two men 
and have arranged to place bronze 
busts of them in the public park. 


Dr. Daniel T. Nelson, Secretary 
2400 Indiana Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Frederick Milton Sanderson passed 
away Saturday morning. May 15th, 
at his residence, 2105 East Eighty-third 
Street, Cleveland, Ohio, of pneumonia, 
at the age of seventy-six, after an 
illness of five days. 

Mr. Sanderson was born in Phil- 
lipston, Mass., November 5, 1838, and 
graduated from Amherst College in 
the class of 1861. Immediately after 
graduation he enlisted in the Twenty- 
first Regiment, Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Infantry, as a private, and on ac- 
count of distinguished service, rose 
rapidly to the rank of captain. He 
served continuously for three years, 
taking part in the many battles in 
which his regiment was engaged, among 
them Roanoke Island, second battle of 
Bull Run, Camden, Fredericksburg, 
Manassas, and Antietam. In the first 
named battle he was wounded in the 

In 1869 he married Harriet Pierce 
White, of Templeton, Mass., sister of 
the late Thomas H. WTiite, president 
of the White Sewing Machine Company. 
Three years later, in 1872, he moved 
to Cleveland, and engaged in the coal 

3o8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

business, which he gave up a few 
years later to take a position with the 
White Sewing Machine Company. In 
1881 he became treasurer of this com- 
pany, and upon the founding of the 
White Company, in 1906, he became 
treasurer of that company also, which 
two positions he held at the time of 
his death. 

He was a member of the Army and 
Navy Post, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Cleveland Commandery, Mil- 
itary Order of the Loyal Legion, New 
England Society of Cleveland, and 
the Western Reserve. 

His wife and five children, Mrs. 
Edward Warren Capen (Professor 
Capen, '94), Boston, Mass.; Rev. 
Edward Frederick Sanderson (Amherst, 
'96), Brooklyn, N. Y.; Gertrude El- 
mira Sanderson, Lucia Harriet Sander- 
son, and Julius Courtland Sanderson, 
of Cleveland, survive him. 


Rev. Calvin Stebbins, Secretary 

Framingham, Mass. 

William B. Graves, Professor Emer- 
itus of Natural Sciences at Phillips- 
Andover Aacemy, died on May 5th 
at his home in Andover, Mass., after 
a protracted illness. He was born in 
Fairlee, Vt., February 3, 1834, and 
prepared for college at Lawrence Acad- 
emy, Groton. He graduated from 
Amherst in 1862, pronouncing the Sci- 
entific Oration at Commencement. 

After his graduation he taught 
school in Medfield and Holliston, Mass., 
but returned to Amherst in 18G4 as 
Walker Instructor in Mathematics. 
In the fall of 1865 he accepted the 
appointment of head of the English 
or Scientific Department of Phillips- 
Andover, and was later promoted to 

the chair of Peabody Instructor. He 
proved to have a remarkable gift for 
influencing and guiding boys and was 
also a leader in remodeling the curric- 
ulum of the academy and infusing 
into its work a new spirit of energy 
and enthusiasm. 

But preferring college work. Profes- 
sor Graves became, in 1870, Professor 
of Natural Sciences at Marietta Col- 
lege in Ohio. In 1874 he was called 
from that post to become Professor of 
Mathematics and Civil Engineering 
at the Massachusetts Agricultural 

In 1881 he returned to Andover as 
Professor of Natural Sciences. His 
efficiency was well displayed during 
his period of service as Acting Prin- 
cipal, and but for his own refusal he 
would probably have been made Prin- 
cipal of the academy. He resigned in 
1908 and was made Professor Emer- 

Professor Graves received his Mas- 
ter's degree from Amherst in 1865 
and later from Yale. He was a mem- 
ber of the American Social Science 
Association and the American As.socia- 
tion for the Advancement of Science. 
He was a member of the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity. For many years 
he had been secretary of the Board of 
Overseers of the Amherst Charitable 

He leaves a wife and two sons. 
Dr. W. P. Graves, a gifted Boston 
physician, and Henry S. Graves, 
United States Forester. 

Edward W. Chapin, Secretary 
181 Elm Street, Holyoke, Mass. 

Edward W. Chapin is convalescing 
from a recent operation at his home 
in Holyoke, Mass. 

The Classes 



Charles B. Travis, of Boston, died 
on November 8, 1914. His successor 
as secretary of '64 has not been chosen. 


B. K. Emerson, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 

Rev. David Otis Mears, pastor 
emeritus of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church of Albany, died at the home of 
a relative in Williamstown, April 29, 
at the age of seventy-three. 

Mr. Mears spent much of his time 
in work of a literary nature as an 
author and editor. He was associate 
editor of the Christian Endeavor World. 
Among his books were "The Life of 
Edward Norris Kirk, D.D.." "The 
Deathless Book," "Oberlin Lectures," 
"Inspired Through Suffering," and 
numerous monographs, addresses, and 
orations. He also edited many such 
works of his contemporaries. 

He was born at Essex, February 22, 
1842, and graduated from Amherst 
with the class of 1865, winning an 
M.A. degree three years later. For 
the next seven years he studied theology 
under the Rev. Dr. E. N. Kirk, whose 
biographer he later became. In 1871 
he took the pastorate of the North 
Avenue Congregational Church in 
Cambridge. Ten years later he was 
called to the Piedmont Congregational 
Church of Worcester. During this 
pastorate he was elected to the presi- 
dency of Iowa State College, an honor 
which he declined. In 1893, of two 
calls, one to Lowell, the other to 
Cleveland, Ohio, he accepted the lat- 
ter, which was to the pastorate of the 
Calvary Presbyterian Church. In 1895 
he returned to New York State to his 
last pastorate in Albany. 


Herbert L. Bridgman, Secretary 

604 Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst of New 
York was selected by the New York 
presbytery one of the eight commis- 
sioners to the Presbyterian general 
assembly as a further emphasis on the 
presbytery's dismissal of charges pre- 
ferred against him for conduct unbe- 
coming to a minister in opposing abso- 
lute prohibition in California. 


Prof. E. A. Grosvenor, Secretary 
Amherst, Mass. 

Frederic Seymour, business man, 
musician, and able seaman, died of pneu- 
monia at his home in Watertown, 
N. Y., May 12th, at the age of sixty- 
eight. Mr. Seymour was born in Peek- 
skill, N. Y., July 17, 1846, and pre- 
pared for college at the Classical and 
Commercial Institute, Port Chester, 
N. Y., and at Peekskill Academy. 
Immediately after graduation, he took 
charge of the New York oflSce of the 
business of his father, owner of an 
iron foundry. Becoming imbued with 
the desire to go to sea, he shipped be- 
fore the mast on one of the last of the 
old clippers on a voyage around the 
"Horn" to San Francisco. After 
some adventures, he was made assist- 
ant librarian in the Mercantile Library 
of that city. He soon recrossed the 
continent and again entered his father's 
business, where he remained until 

Two years later he accepted a call 
to the superintendency of schools in 
Watertown. After his resignation from 
this oflBce, Mr. Seymour engaged in 
various business activites, finally as- 
suming the position of financial agent 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

of the Remington paper manufactur- 
ing interests, which he held until his 
death. During his whole life he was 
an ardent musician of no mean ability 
and for forty years was conductor of 
several amateur orchestras. 


Dr. James L. Terry of Philadelphia 

died suddenly of heart failure on May 

2d, at his country home in Lyme, 

Conn. He was in his seventieth year. 


Prof. Herbert G. Lord, Secretary 

623 West 113th Street, New York 


William H. Chickering, a San 
Francisco lawyer, died Tuesday, April 
27th, at his home in Oakland, Cal., 
at the age of sixty-five. Mr. Chicker- 
ing was born in North Adams, April 19 
1849, and prepared for college at the 
Pittsfield High School. During his 
college days at Amherst he was & 
member of the varsity baseball team. 
After graduation he was instructor 
for two years in the Oahu College in 
Honolulu, going from there into the 
profession of law. He first studied 
under the late Senator Henry L. Dawes 
of Pittsfield and later completed his 
professional education at the Boston 
University Law School, from which 
he was graduated in 1875 with degree 
of LL.B. He immediately went to 
San Francisco, where he set up the law 
firm of Chickering, Thomas & Gregory, 
to which he devoted his life in making 
a large and prominent corporation. 

Jesse M. Freels, one of the oldest 
and most prominent attorneys in East 
St. Louis, 111., died on March 29th, 
at the age of seventy-two, after a six 
days illness of pneumonia. 

Judge Freels was born in Western 
Tennessee in 1843, and at the out- 
break of the Civil War joined a Union 
regiment organized by companies of 
his earlier days. He fought through 
the four years of the conflict and then 
turned to the study of law. In 1871 
he was admitted to the bar and estab- 
lished an office in East St. Louis. He 
was at one time elected to the city 
attorneyship, serving two years. He 
held but one appointive ofiice, that of 
corporation counsel. 

A widow, Mrs. Mary Freels, two 
daughters, Mrs. Conrad R. Smith, 
of Charleston, W. Va., and Miss Mary 
Belle Freels, and three sons. Dr. 
Arthur M. Freels, of Denison, Tex., 
John W. Freels, a student at Illinois 
University, and Archibald J. Freels, 

The following resolution was passed 
by the Alumni Association of St. 
Louis: — 

The Amherst Alumni Association 
of St. Louis learns with deepest regret 
of the death of Judge Jesse M. Freels, 
'71, of East St. Louis, 111. 

Judge Freels was from the organiza- 
tion of this Association an active and 
enthusiastic member, devoted to Am- 
herst and interested in everything that 
concerned the College. He expressed 
particularly his indebtedness to the 
course in Philosophy which he took 
at Amherst, and his devotion to phil- 
osophical studies continued up to his 
death. He was most highly esteemed 
by all who knew him. 

The members of this Association 
desire to express their deepest sym- 
pathy with the family of Judge Freels 
in the loss which they have sustained. 

Horace F. Holton, '02, President. 
Allan Wyman, '07, 


The Classes 



Prof. John M. Tyler, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 

Dr. Talcott Williams, head of the 
Pulitzer School of Journalism, Colum- 
bia University, opened the annual 
convention of the Newspaper Associa- 
tion of Eastern Colleges by entertain- 
ing the delegates at luncheon in Uni- 
versity Hall, Columbia, on April 
9th. A dinner was served at the Hotel 
Imperial, New York, in the evening, 
at which Dr. Williams was one of four 
prominent speakers. 


Prof. Le\t H. Elwell, Secretary 

Amherst, Mass. 

In the Architectural Record for May 
is the initial number of a series of 
articles by Prof. A. D. F. Hamlin of 
Columbia University on "Roman Ar- 
chitecture and Its Critics." This 
first article is on "The Critics and the 
Indictment." A second article, on 
"The Defense," is published in the 
June number. The series promises 
to be one of great interest and value. 

The Nation for May 20 contains an 
extended review of Eddington's "Stel- 
lar Movements and Structure of the 
Universe," by Prof. David Todd. 

Maurice Putnam White, LL.B., 
assistant superintendent of the Bos- 
ton Public Schools, died on April 
14th at his home in Brighton, Mass., 
aged sixty years. He was born July 
26, 1854, at South Hadley, and fitted 
for college at the high school in Salem. 
He graduated from Amherst in 1875 
and received his LL.B. degree from 
Columbia University in 1882. The 
Boston Transcript says of him: 

"Mr. WTiite was thoroughly im- 
bued with the Puritan spirit of the early 
settlers of Massachusetts. On his 
father's side he was descended from Wil- 

liam White of the Mayflower. On his 
mother's side he was descended from 
Governor Thomas Dudley and Simon 
Bradstreet, who married Anne Dud- 
ley, the daughter of Thomas Dudley. 
His father was Stephen White and 
his mother was Lydia Bradstreet. His 
mother was born and lived in the 
old homestead erected on land taken 
from the Indians and given to Simon 
Bradstreet. His mother was one of 
the first students of Mt. Holyoke Col- 
lege, entering it on the day that it 
was opened. 

"Mr. White was graduated from 
Amherst College in 1875 and first taught 
school in the academy at Atkinson, 
N. H. From there he went to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he taught in one 
of the city grammar schools for six 
years. While teaching in Washington 
he attended the evening law school 
and received a degree. The knowledge 
gained at law school developed in him 
an attachment to the law and since 
his election to the board of superin- 
tendents he has been the accepted legal 
authority of the board on school mat- 
ters. In 1887 Mr. White married 
Helen Schinneleenuig, a teacher in 
the Washington public schools, who 
survives him. He is also survived 
by Miss Laura B. White, a teacher in 
the Girls' High School. 

"He came to Boston in 1883 and 
became submaster of the Lowell dis- 
trict. In 1889 he was promoted to 
the position of principal of the Frederic 
W. Lincoln district, South Boston. 
In 1892 he became a supervisor of 
schools, the title of which rank was 
changed in 1906 to that of assistant 
superintendent of schools, and as 
such he was a member of the board of 
superintendents. During the interim 
between the resignation of Superin- 
tendent Stratton D. Brooks in April, 
1912, and the election of Dr. Franklin 
B. Dyer as superintendent of schools 
in September of that year, Mr. White 
served as acting superintendent of 
schools. He was also at one time 
president of the School Masters' Club 
of Massachusetts. 

"As assistant superintendent Mr. 
\^Tiite was one of the leading factors 
in Boston school administration. His 
special lines of work were penman- 
ship, arithmetic, and manual training. 
The remarkable progress that has been 

312 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

made in these three branches of study 
in recent years in the Boston schools 
has been due in a great measure to 
his efficient direction." 


^YILL1AM M. DccKER, Secretary 
111 Broadway, New York City 

Rev. John Rowland, a resident of 
Mexico, had an article in the Congre- 
gationalist of April 22d on " Turbulent 
Days in Mexico." 

George A. Plimpton, treasurer of 
Barnard College, Columbia Univer- 
sity, was one of the speakers at the 
Founder's Day celebration at Barnard 
on April 29th. 

Prof. Edward Dickinson, of Oberlin 
College, has published with the Scrib- 
ners a book entitled "Music and the 
Higher Education." In speaking by 
way of introduction of the general 
subject of art as a factor in education, 
he raises the question: "Is music any 
less serviceable than poetry or paint- 
ing in the nurture of the intellect and 
the emotion? Admitting the right of 
the college to require actual measur- 
able results in classroom work, exclud- 
ing everything vague and sentimental, 
everything that would tend to encour- 
age mental indolence and looseness of 
thought — granting this, can music 
maintain a claim to admission on equal 
terms with those studies which obvi- 
ously involve intellectual and moral 
discipline.^" The substance of the 
book is a more than favorable answer 
to this question. 

Prof. Charles D. Seely, Dean of the 
Normal School faculty, Brockport, 
N. Y., died May 22d at the Hotel 
Seneca, Rochester, N. Y., of pul- 

monary apoplexy. We quote the fol- 
lowing sketch of his life from a Brock- 
port paper: 

"He was born in Warsaw in 1854, 
and received his preliminary education 
in the public schools of that village, 
especially fitting himself for a college 
course. He took work at Oberlin, 
but went later to Amherst, and received 
his degree from that institution in 
1876. He was a most enthusiastic 
Amherst alumnus and has assisted many 
students in obtaining scholarships to 
help them through that institution. 
After teaching for several years in 
Massachusetts, he came to Brockport, 
to take up the work which he has done 
faithfully for thirty years. For several 
years, since the death of William H. 
Lennon, he has been the dean of the 
faculty, and the only one known to 
many of the alumni visitors to the 
school. His work in the teaching of 
Latin and Greek has been his specialty, 
and he has been considered an author- 
ity on these subjects among educators. 

"Just before he came to Brock- 
port he was teaching in Newburyport, 
Mass., where he met and married 
Susan W'arner, besides whom he 
leaves three children. Miss Bertha 
Seely, of New York City; Mrs. 
Evelyn Jackson, of Montclair, N. J.; 
and Carl Warner Seely, of Cleveland, 
Ohio, and one step-sister, Mrs. John 
Wadsworth of Brockport. 

"Mr. Seely's first work after his 
graduation was as assistant principal 
at Warsaw. He also taught in Shel- 
burne Falls, Provincetown, and New- 
buryport before coming to Brockport. 

" He was a member of the National 
Education Association, New York 
Classical Teachers Association, and 
the Rochester Archaeological Asso- 

Rev. Alfred D. Mason, Secretary 
222 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. Joseph B. Hingeley, D.D., has 
edited a book, written by a large 
number of men, mostly ministers of 

The Classes 


several denominations, entitled "The 
Retired Minister: His Claim Inherent, 
Foremost, Supreme." The book ad- 
vocates the cause of old-age pensions 
for ministers and widows and orphans 
of ministers' families. It is pub- 
lished in Chicago under its own name, 
"The Retired Minister." 

Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, Secretary 
Carnegie Institution, Washington, D. C. 

The formal inauguration of Frank 
J. Goodnow, LL.D., as president of 
Johns Hopkins University, took place 
at Baltimore on May 20th, with im- 
pressive exercises. The formal open- 
ing of the new buildings of the uni- 
versity at Homewood in the suburbs 
of Baltimore was celebrated the fol- 
lowing day. There were addresses by 
President Woodrow Wilson, Gen. 
George W. Goethals, and Prof. Henry 
C. Adams of the University of Michi- 
gan. President Meiklejohn attended 
the exercises. 

President Goodnow was one of 
four prominent speakers at the inaug- 
uration of President Graham of the 
University of North Carolina on April 

Dr. Frank J. Goodnow presided 
over the National Conference of Cor- 
rections and Charities, which met in 
Baltimore, Md., on Monday, May 
17th. Robert A. Woods, '86, was 
elected a member of the executive 
committee of the Conference at this 

Audubon L. Hardy, who for seven- 
teen years has been superintendent 
of the public schools of Amherst, re- 
signs that position at the end of the 
present school year. The account of 
the matter in the Amherst Record 

shows that, in every quality that a 
good school superintendent should 
have, he has shown himself eflFective, 
competent, and valuable. The schools 
have been held to a high standard, and 
have made great progress during these 
seventeen years. Mr. Hardy has also 
been held in the highest esteem as a 
good citizen, active, public-spirited, 
wise, and genial. Four of his sons 
have been graduated from Amherst 
during the period of his service. 


Henrt p. Field, Secretary 
Northampton, Mass. 

Of the book entitled "Biblical 
Libraries," by Ernest Gushing Richard- 
son and published by the Princeton 
University Press we quote the follow- 
ing note from Tlw Watchman-Examiner: 

"From any point of view this is a 
unique volume. It was prepared by 
the librarian of Princeton University. 
The scope of the book can best be 
described in the following words from 
the preface: 'Essays on "Antediluv- 
ian Libraries," "Medieval Libraries," 
and "Some Old Egyptian Librarians," 
have been previously published with- 
out any attempt at complete outline 
of the subjects, but the present series, 
commencing with The Beginnings of 
Libraries (1914) and followed by the 
volume on Biblical Libraries, aims 
slightly to reshape the material of 
each so as to make of it an outline 
map or sketch of the whole period with 
which it has to do, without, however, 
attempting to fill in the detail of any- 
thing but the particular subject 
or to radically change the method 
and general style appropriate to the 
occasion for which it was written. 
The Beginnings of Libraries covered 
the legendary, prehistoric, and prim- 
itive period taking to perhaps 3400 
B. C. Biblical Libraries takes up the 
matter at this point and carries over 
into the beinning of the Christiaa 

314 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 


Frank H. Parsons, Esq., Secretary 

60 Wall Street, New York City 

Starr J. Murphy, the New York 
attorney who has charge of the Rocke- 
feller benefactions, was one of the 
witnesses to the will of Mrs. John D. 
Rockefeller which put the distribution 
of $1,500,000 estate partly into the 
hands of her daughter, wife of E. Par- 
malee Prentice, '85. 

John P. Gushing, Secretary 

New Haven, Conn. 

Frederick Arnd announces that he 
has resumed his law practice, with 
offices at Suite 734, The Rookery, 

Rev. James W. Bixler, D.D., pas- 
tor of the Second Congregational 
Church of New London, Conn., deliv- 
ered the Commencement address at 
the Atlanta, Ga., Theological Semi- 
nary on May 17th. 

Mrs. Lucy Morton Hale, wife of 
Rev. Edson Dwinell Hale, died on 
May 10th, at Martinez, Gal. 

Rev. Lucius H. Thayer of Ports- 
mouth, N. H., delivered the "Alumni 
Lectures" at the Convocation at the 
Yale School of Religion, April 12th to 

Rev. Jacob P. Whitehead, died May 
25th in the office of Dr. E. H. Pratt 
of Evanston, 111., whither he had 
gone to consult the physician about a 
mysterious disease of the heart and 
lungs by which he was virtually 
smothered to death. He was sixty 

years of age. Surviving him are his 
wife, Mrs. Sally L Whitehead, one 
daughter, Mrs. Mary Tucker, and 
one son, Charles Edson Whitehead. 


Dr. John B. Walker, Secretary 
33 East 33d Street, New York City 

Rev. Howard A. Bridgman, of 
Boston, editor of the Congregationalist, 
delivered a lecture on "Congregation- 
alism" before the Pulitzer School of 
Journalism, Columbia University, on 
April 19th. He had an article on the 
subject "If I Were a College Editor 
Again" in the North American Student 
for May. 

A second son, Eugene Hoffman 
Walker, was born to Dr. and Mrs. 
John B. W^alker, in New York on 
March 28th. 


Frank E. Whitrian, Secretary 

411 West 114th Street, New York 


Under the editorship of F. E. 
Whitman and J. E. Tower as commit- 
tee, a handsomely printed volume on 
the "Class of Eighty-five, Amherst 
College," has been compiled, contain- 
ing biographies and records gathered 
in connection with the twenty-fifth 
reunion of the class, held in June, 1910; 
together with "The '85 Address to the 
Trustees and Their Reply." Besides 
the preservation in permanent form of 
this important exchange of docu- 
ments, an interesting feature of the 
book is President Ellsworth G. Lan- 
caster's history of "The Eighty-five 
Plan." At their thirtieth anniversary, 
which occurs this year, the class will 
have opportunity to judge of the 

The Classes 


Sequel of their educational proposal 
of five years ago. 

Among the honors conferred by 
King George of England on his recent 
birthday was the knighting of Herbert 
B. Ames, honorary secretary of the 
Canadian Patriotic Fund, who is made 
Knight Bachelor. A rare honor to 
come to an Amherst man. Congrat- 
ulations to Sir Herbert. 

T. C. Elliott, who for his researches 
in the history of the far West has been 
made a member of the American His- 
torical Association and of the Oregon 
Historical Society, has published in 
pamphlet form a paper on "The Fur 
Trade in the Columbia River Basin 
prior to 1811." 

Mr. Elliott delivered the historical 
address at Lewiston, Idaho, on May 
5th at the celebration of the formal 
opening of the Dalles-Celilo Canal. 
In April, while attending Wellesley 
College, Miss Romie, the second 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elliott died 
from meningitis. 

In the May number of Town and 
Country there appeared Illustrated 
articles describing the country estates 
of Herbert Pratt, '95, and Rev. Joseph 
Hutcheson, '85, 

After eleven years' service as 
President of Olivet College, E. G. 
Lancaster, Ph.D., has resigned. His 
address for the next half year will be 
North Conway, N. H. 

James B. Best's paper, the Everett 
Daily Herald, of April 6th, the day 
after President Meiklejohn's visit to 
Seattle, contained a leading editorial 
on "A Unique American College." 
It is a strong and clear-headed pres- 

entation of the advantages of Amherst. 
From this editorial we quote the 
following : 

"President Meiklejohn, who, by 
the way, is in his early forties, the 
youngest of all the presidents of the 
more prominent American colleges and 
universities, succeeded in communicat- 
ing to his hearers a share of his own 
vibrant enthusiasm for Amherst ideals, 
as evidenced by the ovation received 
at the close of his address. 

"Amherst College is unique. The 
institution is nearly a century old 
and has graduated many of the strong 
men of the nation, but it is a small 
college and does not seek or expect 
to become a large one. While the 
bigger universities are vying with each 
other in offering a wide variety of op- 
tional courses of study, Amherst 
holds fast to its distinct field of in- 
sisting on a broad and carefully chosen 
compulsory series of studies irrespec- 
tive of the expected careers of the 
students, their education being based 
on the elimination of the less essential 
fields of knowledge and aimed to equip 
the boy so that he will not alone get 
the fundamental natural sciences but 
thoroughly understand as well his own 
relation to human society as mirrored 
in the studies of history, philosophy, 
and economics and the social laws 
and organization of the present day. 

"Another notable feature of Presi- 
dent Meiklejohn's policy is his theory 
that the College is the Faculty. Equip- 
ment, libraries, endowments, attend- 
ance, trustees, etc., all count but little 
in the balance against the fitness of 
the men who teach, and holding to 
this tenet President Meiklejohn in- 
sists that the members of the Amherst 
Faculty be well paid; paid enough to 
insure getting men of a grade of abil- 
ity unsurpassed anywhere, and enough 
also to prevent the larger universities 
from picking them off by over-bidding 
in salaries. 

"Graduates of Harvard, Yale, Co- 
lumbia, and many other splendid 
American institutions both large and 
small, come out of college with such 
benefit as their instruction and their 
own brains and industry have brought 
them of specialized work in fields that 

3i6 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

interest them or directly help them on 
the road of their chosen career. The 
plan of an Amherst education is essen- 
tially different, offering no training 
chosen because of its special value for 
law, medicine, teaching, statesmanship, 
engineering, theology, or any other one 
field of life's work. The Amherst ideal 
is a liberally educated man." 

Benjamin Brooks' residence is 24 
Forley Street, Elmhurst, N. J. His 
office is with the American Mutual 
Compensation Insurance Co., 18 East 
41st Street, New York City. 

At the recent annual convention of 
the Medical Society of the State of 
New York, held at Buffalo, Dr. W. 
Stanton Gleason was elected presi- 
dent. Dr. Frank W. Barrows was 
chairman of a most important com- 
mittee and Dr. J. W. Morris was in 

The present address of Sir Chentung 
Liang Cheng is 1 Breezy Terrace, 
Boiiham Road, Hong Kong. 

C. McK. Nichols is a real estate 
operator in Chicago suburban prop- 
erty. His address is 175 W. Jackson 

Rev. Wm. G. Thayer, D.D., head- 
master of St. Mark's School, is presi- 
dent of the Headmasters' Association, 
an organization of one hundred head- 
masters including the heads of the 
best known public and private schools 
in^the country as far west as Chicago. 

The Boston Transcript of May 19th 
contains a full-page article, profusely 
illustrated, on St. Mark's School, 
among the illustrations being a repro- 
duction of a fine portrait of Dr. Thayer. 

Miss Marion Grey, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Warner, was mar- 

ried on Monday, April 5th, at the 
South Congregational Church, Brook- 
lyn, to the Rev. John Snyder Carlile. 

Rev. George L. Todd, whose resi- 
dence is Westfield, N. J., has a New 
office at 97 Cedar Street. He was 
for many years in charge of the work 
of the Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society in Cuba. This organiza- 
tion, however, some years ago with- 
drew from the Island and its work 
was transferred to the Presbyterian 
Board. Since that time Mr. Todd has 
been engaged in promoting improved 
conditions in the schools of Cuba. 


Charles F. Marble, Secretary 

4 Marble Street, Worcester, Mass. 

An appreciation of the work of 
Robert Lansing, Counsellor of the 
Department of State, appeared in the 
April issue of the American Review of 
Reviews. It was written by James 
Brown Scott, editor of the American 
Journal of International Law and a 
former solicitor of the State Depart- 
ment. The article includes a sketch 
of Mr. Lansing's career and a tribute 
to his character and accomplishments. 

As we go to press the country is 
receiving the news of his appointment 
to the office of Secretary of State ad 

Ira Couch Wood died in Chicago, 
111., Sunday, May 23d. 

Mr. Wood was born in Chicago in 
1864 and was graduated from Amherst 
College in 1886 and from Northwestern 
Law School in 1888. He was law 
partner of W. W. Gurley and of late 
years was trial lawyer for the Chicago 
Railways Company. He was a mem- 
ber of the University Club, the Law 

The Classes 


Club, the Chicago Bar Association, 
and the Skokie Golf Club. 

In 1894 he married Alice Holabird 
Wicker, daughter of Henry C. Wicker, 
for many years freight traffic manager 
for the Chicago and Northwestern Rail- 
road. He is survived by his wife and 
two daughters, Louise Holabird and 
Frances Alice, and by one brother, 
Frederick H. Wood, and three sisters. 
Burial was private at Forest Home. 


Wallace M. Leonard, Secretary 

23 Forest Street, Newton Highlands, 


John Dutton Wright, founder and 
principal of the W^right Oral School 
for the Deaf, New York, has pub- 
lished with the Frederick A. Stokes 
Company a book entitled "What the 
Mother of a Deaf Child Ought to 
Know." An article by Principal 
Wright on the education of the deaf, 
entitled "Are the Taxpayers Getting 
W'hat They Pay for.*" appeared in the 
Volta Renew for February, and has 
been reprinted for general distribution 
by the Volta Bureau of Washington. 

A. S. Houghton, New York, has 
been appointed secretary of the State 
Conservation Commission. 

Prof. Z. W. Coombs has been ap- 
pointed a lay member of the standing 
committee of the Episcopal diocese of 

Charles H. Edwards has been 
chosen one of the directors of the 
Amherst Water Company. 

A. M. Heard has been chosen to 
represent New Hampshire on the 
Federal Reserve Board. 

In the American Physical Educa- 
tion Review for March, Prof. Paul C. 
Phillips has an article on the "Rela- 
tion of Athletic Sports to Interna- 
tional Peace." We quote a repre- 
sentative paragraph from this inter- 
esting and timely paper: 

"If, as we have assumed, the bring- 
ing about of universal peace, or of some 
plan which will better international 
relations and tend to prevent war, 
depends for its permanence on educa- 
tion largely, to what can this be better 
directed than the training (not the 
elimination) of the fighting instinct. 
The slap of the little child, the school 
fight of boys, the strenuous football 
games of colleges sometimes seem 
simple enough things in themselves, 
but I am convinced that they should 
receive serious study in this quest 
for a remedy for war. 'Lick him!' 
'Lick him!' 'Lick him!' we hear 
on the schoolyard today. 'Fight!' 
'Fight!' 'Fight!' we hear at the 
end of the last quarter of football. 
The boy's interests are there, his sen- 
timents are there, the barbaric man 
rises within him there. It stirs us to 
see these elemental passions aroused 
and yet, without being sentimental, we 
know that if these passions are not 
controlled by higher, ulterior motives, 
the boy is getting fundamentally mal- 
educated. He will go out into life 
with a chip on his shoulder and fight 
for small things or nothing — just to 
fight. If, on the other hand, those 
who are responsible for him can, dur- 
ing these periods engraft ideals, the 
thought of a great cause, of injured 
humanity, of fairness to his opponent, 
so that in the strain of competitions, 
these higher motives control, he is 
being trained for a citizenship which 
will be strong, but peaceable, generous, 


Henhy H. Bos worth. Secretary 
15 Elm Street, Springfield, Mass. 

Arthur Curtiss James of New 
York is one of a citizens' committee 

3i8 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

appointed by Mayor Mitchel to co- 
operate with Granville Barker, the 
English actor, in producing a Greek 
drama at the dedication of the new 
stadium at the College of the City of 
New York on May 29th. C. C. N. Y. 
is following the lead of Princeton and 
Harvard in using their huge stadiums 
as outdoor theaters. Euripides "The 
Trojan Women," is the play selected 
by Mr. Barker. 

Rev. Arthur Truslow and Mar- 
guerite Walbridge, Radcliffe, '03, were 
married May 27th in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Their address is 175 Gates Avenue, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 


WiNSLOW H. Edwards, Secretary 
Easthampton, Mass. 

Dr. Thomas W. Jackson sailed from 
New York on April 3d for Serbia as a 
member of the American Sanitary Com- 
mission organized by the American 
Red Cross. The commission is in 
charge of Dr. Strong of the Harvard 
Medical School and includes eight 
physicians besides assistants and trained 
workers. Dr. Jackson is second in 
rank to Dr. Strong and will serve as 
chief sanitation officer of the commis- 
sion. He has spent the greater part 
of his time since graduation in Manila. 
He has published a volume on the 
plague and is an authority on tropical 

Rev. Andrew H. Mulnix of Brighton, 
Mass., had an article on Billy Sunday 
in a recent issue of the Congregation- 
alist entitled "A Boston Pastor in 


DiMON Roberts, Secretary 

43 South Summit Street, Ypsilanti, 


Of the new Riverside "History of the 
United States," in four volumes, an- 
nounced as soon to be published by 
the Houghton, MifBin Company, the 
second volume on "Union and Democ- 
racy" is by Prof. Allen Johnson of 
Yale University. 

Of the large number of the class of 
'92 who are teaching, the following 
notes have been gathered: 

George W. Emerson is principal of 
the school at Jewett City, Ct. 

G. H. Crandall is head of the De- 
partment of Mathematics at the 
Culver Military Academy, Culver, 

E. J. Northrup is Professor of Law 
in the College of Law of Tulane Uni- 
versity, New Orleans, La. 

W. T. S. Jackson is principal of the 
Business High School, Washington, 
D. C. 

A. J. Brainerd is head of the Ger- 
man Department, Dickinson High 
School, Jersey City, N. J. 

James Baird, who was with the class 
only a part of the Freshman year 
and withdrew on account of a seri- 
ous attack of typhoid fever, is now 
principal of a large grammar school 
in Schenectady, N. Y. 


Frederick S. Allis, Secretary 
Amherst, Mass. 

Through the recommendation of 
Governor Charles S. Whitman, '90, 
George D. Pratt of Brooklyn has been 
appointed chairman of the State 
Conservation Commission of New 

The Classes 


York. Mr. Pratt is well known as 
a naturalist and thorough sportsman. 
He is treasurer of the Boy Scouts of 
America, president of the Camp Fire 
Club, and a member of the Boone 
and Crockett Club, and of the New 
York Zoological Society. The Boy 
Scouts' Publication, Scouting, contained 
in its May 1st issue a picture of Mr. 
Pratt and a sketch of his career and 

The work of the Conservation 
Department consists of three divisions 
over which Mr. Pratt will have super- 

(1) The division of lands and forests 
under which are administered all laws 
relating to tree culture and reforesta- 
tion by the state, to the care and man- 
agement of such parks, reservation, 
or lands of the state as now are or 
hereafter shall be placed under the 
jurisdiction of the department. 

(2) The division of inland waters, 
under which are administered all laws 
relating to state jurisdiction over 
water storage and hydraulic develop- 
ment, water supply, river development, 
drainage, irrigation and navigation of 
waters outside of canals, and the pollu- 
tion of waters. 

(3) The division of fish and game, 
under which are administered all laws 
relating to state jurisdiction over 
fish and game, including shellfish, the 
breeding and propagation thereof, 

Under Mr. Pratt, in charge of these 
three divisions, in the order named, 
will be a superintendent of forests, a 
division engineer, and a chief game 
protector. There will also be a dep- 
uty commissioner. 

Thomas C. Trask is head of the 
department of History and Economics 
in the Commercial High School of 

Brooklyn, N. Y. He writes that he 
is trying to make his boys realize the 
changed conditions which have re- 
sulted from the war and to keep them 
in touch with the new developments 
in trade conditions with South Amer- 
ica. Trask still plays tennis. He, 
Frank Edgell, and Walter Ross are 
all members of the Kings County Ten- 
nis Club of Brooklyn, Ross being 
the president. Trask writes: "We 
sometimes have a game in which four 
'93 Amherst and Williams men play." 

George B. Zug, who is Professor 
of Art at Dartmouth College, has 
organized nine art exhibitions in the 
year and a half he has been at Dart- 
mouth. The exhibitions consisted of 
paintings in oil and water color, 
sketches in pencil and charcoal, en- 
gravings, etchings, lithographs, etc., 
and a loan exhibition of contemporary 
landscape painters. At the fourth an- 
nual meeting of the College Art Asso- 
ciation, held in Buffalo in April, Pro- 
fessor Zug read a paper on "Typical 
College and University Art Courses." 

The secretary met a number of 
'93 men on his Western trip with 
President Meiklejohn. Wesley Ladd 
is assistant cashier of the Ladd & 
Tilton Bank, Portland, Ore. Ladd 
finds time to play some tennis and 
golf and during the wild duck season 
shoots on the Columbia River. He 
has a daughter who graduates this 
June from the Westover School at 
Middlebury, Conn. Charles G. Wood 
joined our party at Salt Lake City. 
Wood is beginning to serve a four-year 
term as a member of the Cache County 
(Utah) School Board. He carried his 
district by a large majority at the 
recent election. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Frank M. Lay has recently been 
elected vice-president of the Kewanee 
State Savings Bank and Trust Co., 
Kewanee, 111. 

Arthur V. Woodworth is pastor of 
the Harwinton Congregational Church, 
Harwinton, Conn. 

Frank Cummings is lieutenant- 
colonel of the Second Regiment In- 
fantry National Guard of the State 
of Maine and Superintendent of the 
First Universalist Bible School of 
Portland, Me. 

Herman Babson is now the head of 
the Department of Languages at Pur- 
due University with a teaching stafiF 
of ten professors and instructors. He 
recently published a German text, 
which is in use in over twenty univer- 
sities and colleges. Babson was in 
Germany when the war broke out. 

H. O. Harbough holds pastorate 
at Corning, Ohio. 


Henry E. Whitcomb, Secretary 

Station A, Worcester, Mass. 

Volume 9, Number 1 of the Ninety- 
Four Bugle appeared April 1st. 

Harold F. Hayes's present address 
is 426 Cutler Building, Rochester, 
N. Y. 

Prof. Charles W. Disbrow is enjoy- 
ing a year's absence from his duties 
at the Cleveland East High School. 
He spent the winter in the Adiron- 
dacks, tutoring private pupils. 

H. S. Cheney is secretary and treas- 
urer of the New England Holstein- 
Friesian Club. 

Mrs. Sue Foote Backus, wife of 
Grosvenor H. Backus, died April 29th 
at her home in Englewood, N. J. 

Warren W. Tucker is associated with 
his brother Philip in the brokerage 
business at 201 Devonshire Street, 

Willis D. Wood has been re-elected 
one of the govenors of the New York 
Stock Exchange. 


William S. Tyler, Secretary 
30 Church Street, New York City 

The distinguished service of Cal- 
vin Coolidge, '95, as President of the 
Senate of Massachusetts for 1914 and 
1915 caused some of the Alumni of 
Boston and vicinity to tender him a 
complimentary dinner on the evening 
of May the twelfth. It was at first 
expected that it would be an informal 
occasion about a round table, but the 
eager response of the Alumni turned 
it into a banquet at which sixty-six 
sat down in the banquet hall of the 
Algonquin Club. President Meikle- 
john, who had a speaking engagement 
in Cambridge, was nevertheless pres- 
ent before and at the close of the 
dinner, and thus met all those who 
were present. The College was fur- 
ther represented by Professor Olds 
and Professor Churchill, and Alumni 
were present from as far away as New 
York City, Hartford, and Bangor. 

The speakers of the evening were 
Professor Olds, Dwight W. Morrow 
of New York, Speaker Cox (Dart- 
mouth), of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives, and President Cool- 
idge. The latter gave a broad, dis- 
criminating discussion of the duties 
of a legislator of Massachusetts, and 
by his words gave evidence (if such 

The Classes 


were needed), of his adherence to the 
best of traditions and highest of mo- 

The occasion was conceived as a rec- 
ognition of service performed by Presi- 
dent Coolidge with unquestioned fidelity 
to the interest of the whole Common- 
wealth and with rare intelligence and 
sanity. Professor Olds set forth the 
idea that such service is worthy of 
the College and is but putting into 
practice her teachings, and Speaker 
Cox testified from personal association 
with President Coolidge that such had 
been the latter's motives and achieve- 

It is too frequently true that Am- 
herst men are slow to recognize merit 
and accomplishment of their fellow 
Alumni in public service. Those who 
arranged for this dinner believed that 
in honoring President Coolidge they 
were honoring the College. The occa- 
sion lacked nothing therefore of praise 
for service worthily rendered and of 
pride that the College continues to 
produce worthy sons. 

A delightful sequel to this dinner 
was a "ceremony" a few days later 
which took place in the office of Mr. 
F. W. Stearns, '78, who more than any- 
one else was responsible for the dinner. 
This "ceremony" consisted in pre- 
senting to Mr. Stearns a parchment 
inscribed in Latin, signed by Presi- 
dent Meiklejohn and President Cool- 
idge, which purported to confer the 
degree of H.M. — Master of Hospital- 
ity. This, too, was an occasion of 
genuine appreciation to a genuine son 
of Amherst. 

From the Legislative Review in the 

Springfield Republican of May 31st, 
we quote the following: 

"President Coolidge of the Senate 
has been mentioned for the second place 
on the Republican state ticket this 

year. Since the retirement of Clinton 
White from the public service commis- 
sion, his name has been one of those 
which has seemed to fit the need of a 
representative of the public who has a 
large and strong grasp of business 
principles, who is politically sound and 
is true to the interests of the general 
public, and, at the same time, a safe- 
guard for the corporate interests which 
are always more or less under attack 
by the public, which is as selfish from 
its point of view as the capitalists are 
from theirs. Whenever the president 
has been before the public his superior 
intellectual equipment has been evi- 
dent in the calm, dignified, concise, 
and broad statements of his principles 
and facts. If his record in House and 
Senate be studied, it will be found to 
be remarkably radical for a man who 
has a reputation of being so conserv- 
ative. This balance makes it all the 
more probable that he tries to strike 
a just medium between the capitalists 
and the public. His administration 
has been businesslike and without any 
fireworks. It was under him that 
the unfortunate condition arose which 
called forth protest during the middle 
of the session that there were cliques 
in the Senate and despotic methods of 
transacting business. But he insisted 
that he was not aware of the evil. 
Certainly since that protest there has 
been a complete change in the condi- 
tions and the complainers say that they 
are now satisfied. It is uncertain 
whether the president will return for 
a third term in the chair. But there is 
both expectation and agreement that 
he will go higher and that he will 
be equal to the demands which may 
be made upon him. The man who 
was made president with so short and 
effective a campaign has resources 
and a confidence on the part of his 
friends which are a great asset and 
will make him a factor in politics 

J. A. Rawson, Jr., while still retain- 
ing his residence in New Hampshire, 
is for the present located in New York 
City at 43 Cedar Street as Organization 
Secretary of the American League to 
Limit Armaments. 

322 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

The approaching Twentieth Re- 
union is an occasion to encourage regu- 
ular attendance of all members of the 
class at the Friday Amherst luncheons 
held every week at the Underwriters 
Club, 16 Liberty Street, New York 
City. There are always members of 
'95 there. 

Nelson Kingsland has become asso- 
ciated with the Pittsburgh Dispatch. 

Rev. Jay T. Stocking, pastor of the 
First Congregational Church in Wash- 
ington, has received a call to become 
pastor of the Christian Union Congre- 
gational Church in Upper Montclair. 
Lucius R. Eastman, whose home is 
in Upper Montclair, is a member of 
the latter church, and was a member 
of the committee calling him. 

Rev. Tracy B. Griswold was in- 
stalled last week in the Lefferts Park 
Presbyterian Church, corner 15th Ave. 
and 72d Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dr. Robert B. Osgood went with 
the Harvard Unit to the American 
Ambulance Hospital in Paris for three 
months' service — April to June. 


Thomas B. Hitchcock, Secretary 

200 Devonshire Street, Boston, 


Rev. F. B. McAllister, for ten years 
pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Cohasset, Mass., has tendered his 
resignation to take effect July 25th. 

T. B. Hitchcock has opened an 
office at 200 Devonshire Street, Boston, 
as a manufacturers' agent, making a 
specialty of textiles. 

A class dinner was held at the 
Brevoort, New York, on April 22d, 
those attending being Bouton, Brooks, 
Cauthers, Fales, Gates, Gleason, Hal- 
ligan, Hitchcock, Moulson, Sanderson, 
Thompson, and Tyler. Plans for the 
Twentieth Reunion in 1916 were 
discussed. The May dinner was held 
at the Springfield Country Club. 

Rev. E. F. Sanderson is actively 
engaged in work to alleviate the con- 
dition of the unemployed in Brooklyn. 

C. J. Gleason's address is now 111 
Broadway, New York. 

Burt L. Yorke has established 
a year-round school in connection with 
his summer camp for girls at Alton, 
N. H., on Lake Winnepesaukee. The 
camp is now in its twelfth year. 

Mortimer L. Schiff, New York, was 
one of the delegates to the Pan-Amer- 
ican Conference in Washington in May. 
He also served as treasurer of the 
Mayor's Committee which entertained 
the Atlantic Fleet in New York 

Harry W. Cook is vice-president of 
the A. E. Nettleton Co., shoe manu- 
facturers, of Syracuse, N. Y. 

Rev. J. Elmer Russell of Watkins' 
N. Y., had an article in a recent num- 
ber of The Continent on "The Sec- 
ond Coming of Christ." In it Mr. 
Russell asks ten questions and gives 
to each one a clear and practical answer. 


B. Kendall Emerson, Secretary 

56 William Street, Worcester, Mass. 

The wedding of Rev. Loring B. 
Chase, pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Sunderland, and Miss Edith 

The Classes 


L. McLaury of New Paltz, N. Y., took 
place as South Hadley at foiir p. m., 
June 3(i, at the home of Rev. Jesse G* 
Nichols, who performed the ceremony' 
Mr. Chase, three years after his grad 
uation at Amherst, was graduated a 
the divinity school of Yale Univer- 
sity. He became pastor of the Sunder- 
land church six years ago, having 
previously held charges at Rocky Hill, 
Ct., Lysander, N. Y., and Medway 
Village. Mrs. Chase was a daughter 
of the late Dr. John McLaury, who was 
connected with a New York firm 
which published medical works. She 
was a successful kindergarten teacher 
for a short time in New Jersey, and 
for several years, and until last year, 
in a seminary at Chestnut Hill, Phila- 
delphia. For the past twelve years 
she had been a summer resident at 

Robert S. Fletcher has been elected 
vice-president of the Western Massa- 
chusetts Literary Club. 

The Board of Trustees of Amherst 
College have granted Prof. Herbert 
F. Hamilton leave of absence for 
eighteen months beginning last Febru- 
ary. Professor Hamilton has suffered 
from nervous exhaustion and is re- 
cuperating on the Pacific Coast. 

Edward T. and Robert P. Esty 
are the executors of the estate of the 
late Mrs. Eliza S. Tuckerman. Her 
will included a provision for the cre- 
ation of a trust fund of $5,000 to 
increase the interest in the study of 
botany among the students of Amherst 

In a paper dated May 5, entitled 
''Carnegie vs. Vermont: A Verdict 

for the Defendant," and published 
in the Boston Transcript, Prof. Ray- 
mond McFarland of Middlebury Col- 
lege, describing "a period of educa- 
tional agitation without parallel in 
the history of the State," concludes 
with the following vigorous tribute to 
the sturdy spirit of the Vermont 

" The educational experts failed to 
interpret the spirit of the Vermonter. 
One can gather statistics, examine 
reports, inspect and criticise schools in 
a comparatively short time with reason- 
able accuracy. But it requires time 
to interpret the spirit of a people. It 
cannot be tabulated nor graphed nor 
computed by means of formulae. To 
understand the people of Vermont one 
must study their history, live among 
them, know their traditions and be- 
liefs, their pride in local government, 
in country life, in their cattle, and 
their children. Vermonters have their 
own ideas. They are not intellectual 
saprophytes. They resent presumptu- 
ous invasion. The spirit of Ethan 
Allen will not down. So they have 
resented the advice to restrict the ac- 
tivity of their colleges, to abolish their 
normal schools, to deport their boys 
and girls to neighboring towns for high 
school education, to surrender local 
freedom in educational affairs and to 
make every Vermonter a farmer — 
resented it as presumptuous trespass 
upon the right to determine for them- 
selves what remedies seem best for 
the educational salvation of the state. 
Vermonters welcomed the findings of 
the Carnegie report respecting the 
status of education, but they rejected 
the remedies of the Foundation pro- 
posed for the intellectual rejuvenation 
of Vermont. The diagnosis was pain- 
fully accurate, the remedy seemed 
to be less endurable than the disease." 

Professor McFarland has been ap- 
pointed lecturer in education at the 
summer session of the University of 

324 Amherst Graduates* Quarterly 

Rev. Charles E. Merriam, 


31 High Street, Greenfield, Mass. 

On account of long time residence 
in Constantinople H. G. D wight is 
qualified to speak authentically about 
conditions in Turkey in these war 
times. He has an article in the Atlan- 
tic Monthly for May on "My Friend 
the Turk," in which article he nar- 
rates incidentally his escape from that 
disturbed country. Obliged to leave 
Turkey on account of the war, he is 
now living in Baltimore. 


Walter A. Dyer, Acting Secretary 

65 Greenwich Street, Hempstead, 

N. Y. 

Nineteen-Hundred's Quindecennial 
plans are well under way and a large 
attendance is expected at the reunion. 
Thomas J. Hammond, Esq., who has 
charge of the arrangements, has secured 
the Rawson house on the east side 
of the Common as headquarters and 
has engaged the Draper in Northamp- 
ton for the banquet on Monday even- 
ing. The baseball challenge of '05 
has been accepted. 

Volume IV, No. 3 of the class pub- 
lication. The Old Yell, was published 
June 5th. 

Hamilton G. Merrill, who is with the 
United States Forest Service, has 
moved from Santa Barbara, Cal., 
to Red Bluff. 

Thomas Irwin Sinclaire died at 
his home in Monticello, N. Y., on 
May 17th after a long struggle with 

heart disease. For several months he 
had been undergoing treatment at 
St. Luke's Hospital, New York. He 
was buried on May 20th at Woodlawn 
Cemetery, Brooklyn. 

Sinclaire entered college from Brook- 
lyn with the class of 1900 and joined the 
Chi Psi fraternity. During his fresh- 
man year he won the Kellogg prize for 
declamation. He left Amherst during 
his Sophomore year to enter the New 
York Law School, from which he 
graduated in 1901. For several years 
he practised law in New York, but 
was finally obliged to give up active 
work. He was married and had one 

Harold W. Burdon is with J H. 
Poole, 1216 Ford Building, Detroit. 

Howard S. Kinney, Esq., has moved 
his law offices from 141 Broadway, 
New York City, to 9 Clinton Street, 
Newark, N. J. 

Herbert K. Larkin's address is now 
2115 West View Street, Los Angeles, 

Frank H. Martin is with the 
Stewart- Warner Speedometer Corpora- 
tion, 1826 Diversey Boulevard, Chi- 

Elijah M. Sands is with C. H. 
Sprague & Sons, 70 Kilby Street, 

Frank S. Bonney has moved from 
New Bedford to Taunton, Mass. 

Dr. Edwin St. J. Ward, Professor 
of Surgery at the Syrian Protestant 
Church, Beirut, Syria, has joined a 
Red Cross unit sent out by the col- 
lege, and at last reports was with the 
Turkish army in the field. 

The Classes 


Walter A. Dyer has written a book 
entitled "Early American Craftsmen," 
which will be published next October 
by the Century Company as a com- 
panion volume to his "Lure of the 
Antique." The June number of 
Country Life in America contained 
an article by him entitled "The Wil- 
lards and Their Clocks." 

The 1914 report of the Ahmednagar 
City Station of the American Marathi 
Mission in India has just been re- 
ceived and indicates that Alden Clark 
and his wife are alive and well and on 
the job. Their particular responsi- 
bility is the Union Training School of 
the Kolgaon District. Alden, who is 
principal of the school, reports the suc- 
cessful training of twenty-seven teachers 
and the recent addition of an agricul- 
tural department of the school, the 
purpose being to train teachers for 
service in the riu-al districts. On the 
faculty of the Ahmednagar Theolog- 
ical Seminary appears the name of 
Rev. A. H. Clark, M.A., Professor of 
Pedagogy and Social Science. 

A presentation copy of "Pierrot, 
Dog of Belgium," by Walter A. Dyer, 
has been sent by the publishers, 
Doubleday, Page & Co., to little 
Princess Marie Jose of Belgium. It 
is a handsomely bound volume in full 
levant, containing an illuminated in- 
sert in vellum, bearing the engrossed 
presentation in French and the sig- 
natures of the publishers and the 


John L. Vanderbilt, Secretary 
Englewood, N. J. 

Bryant M. Harroun died March 3d 
at Monrovia, Cal., where he had been 
ill for the past two years. 

H. V. D. Moore and J. L. Vander- 
bilt have retired as treasurer and 
secretary respectively of the Amherst 
Association of New York. M. L. 
Farrell has been elected treasurer for 
the ensuing year. 

Arthur W. Towne, superintendent 
of the Brooklyn Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, has 
been chosen president of the Monday 
Club of Brooklyn, an organization of 
about 250 social workers. He has 
also been made vice-president of the 
recently organized Brooklyn Child 
Welfare Conference. During the win- 
ter he was one of the lecturers on 
social work at the New York School 
of Philanthropy. He is living at 
145 South Oxford Street, Brooklyn. 


Eldon B. Keith, Secretary 
36 South Street, Campello, Mass. 

Dr. Fred H. Allen is a member of 
the Child Hygiene Association of 
Holyoke, Mass. 


Clifford P. Warren, Secretary 
26 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 

Albert W. Atwood is now writing for 
Every Week, the new three cent weekly, 
on the investment of savings. Mr. 
Atwood has gathered into a convenient 
pamphlet a series of twelve articles 
contributed by him to McClure's 
Magazine during the past year under 
the title, "Your Money and How to 
Make it Earn." He is editor of the 
Financial and Insurance Department 
of that magazine. 

Stanley King has been in Europe 
since October last, and during most 
of the time Mrs. King has accompanied 

326 Amherst Grad uates' Quarterly 

him. During April and May they were 
in Petrograd, Russia. Several letters 
from Mrs. King have been published 
in the Springfield Republican. 

Some births not already chron- 
icled are the following: Burnett Bart- 
lett, January 24, 1915; Dana Emerson 
Marble, November 15, 1914. 

The secretary's latest census indi- 
cates that of sixty-three graduate 
members of the class now living, forty 
five are married and have among them 
fifty-three children. There are eight 
lawyers, eight teachers, three min- 
isters, two doctors, two mining en- 
gineers, and one missionary. Of thirty- 
four non-graduates contained in the 
alumni address list the secretary has 
reports from twenty-four, of whom 
twenty-one are married and have 
thirty-five children. 

In his letter descriptive of the 
President's tour through the West, 
published in the April Quarterly, 
Mr. Allis remarks of the meeting in 
Salt Lake City (page 226): "The sus- 
ceptible Leary wept tears of joy, he 
was so proud of his college, and so 
moved by the memories the day had 
brought forth." In the following let- 
ter, received too late for publication 
in that number, Mr. Leary speaks for 
himself, or rather for the College of 
his affection and honor: 

Salt Lake City, Utah, 

April 9, 1915. 

Editor Amherst Alumni Quarterly, 

Amherst, Mass., 
Dear Sir, — 

"If the Amherst Alumni Council 
should now fold its tent and silently 
depart, its existence would be suffi- 
ciently justified. President Meikle- 
john and F. S. Allis have been West. 
That phrase expresses it all. 

"This is what the trip accomplished. 
Amherst was advertised. One thou- 
sand dollars could not have procured 
as effective display space in the news- 
papers as their advent into Utah gave 
the old college. Ask them about it. 
The fruits are already apparent. A 
district court judge says that he is 
going to send his boys to Amherst. 
The stream has started. 

"Wells of affection in the hearts of 
the Alumni, not yet dry to be sure, 
but clogged with the sands of the 
desert, were filled till they overflowed. 
It was the best that Amherst had 
given which we saw and recognized 
in those two stalwart young men. 
Their message rang true. It reached 
and took hold. It was a call to higher, 
deeper manhood along an old path, 
blazed anew. 

"Maybe you have never sat at 
sunset on the swell where the San 
Rafael cuts its daring way through 
reefs of rock. If you have you re- 
member the wealth of colors washed 
and shadowed on those eastern bluffs, 
the golds and reds, copper greens, 
and shades of deeper blue. You can 
recall a bigness, a vividness, a near- 
ness to God, which thrilled your being 
and made you feel rich and alive. 
But through it lurked a consciousness 
that Nature was supreme, you were 
alone, water was scarce, the night 
would be cold, quicksands infested 
the river, it was no place for dreaming, 
one must fight. 

"Suppose at such a time you were 
transported to the quiet haze of the 
New England hills, where the mayflower 
cuddles underneath the grass and 
leaves. You would turn and sigh and 
rest content. P^or peace had come. 

"There was that in the very fervor 
of the disciples of the doctrines of 
Amherst which brought peace. It 
might have been the gladness which 
comes in the finding of an old road, 
when one has wandered on many 
trails. It might have been just truth. 
"Anyhow we are now all headed 
the same way. East and West united 
for Amherst, first, last, and all the 
time. And that is what a President 
is for. God bless him. 


William H. Leary." 

The Classes 


We quote the following from the 
Salt Lake Tribune of May 19th: — 

"William II. Leary of Salt Lake is 
the new dean of the law department of 
the University of Utah. He was rec- 
ommended yesterday to the executive 
committee of the board of regents of 
the University of Utah by the law 
school subcommittee of the regents. 
The recommendation of Mr. Leary 
for this position and the concurrence 
of the executive committee of the 
board of regents of the university is 
tantamount to election. Wherefore, 
it is accepted that Mr. Leary will, 
beginning with the fall term at the 
university, become dean of the law 
school at that institution. 

"Mr. Leary had the recommenda- 
tion of many of the most eminent edu- 
cators in America. A sometime 
investigator for European universities, 
exploring through the Carnegie foun- 
dation, arrived at the conclusion that 
the best law schools in America were 
at Harvard, Columbia, and the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. This being so, 
it is a tribute to Mr. Leary that James 
P. Hall, dean of the law school at the 
University of Chicago, recommended 
Mr. Leary as a teacher of law. Mr. 
Leary has recommendations from other 
sources since his graduation from Am- 
herst in 1903. Mr. Leary's college 
record is as follows: 

"Graduated from Amherst College, 
1903, with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, cum laude. President of the 
Amherst chapter of Phi Gamma 
Delta, editor-in-chief of the Amherst 
Literary Monthly, gym captain, class 
marshal, Hyde debates. Grove poet. 

"Graduated from the University of 
Chicago law school, 1908, with the 
degree of Doctor of Jurisprudence, 
cum laude. As a special mark of 
honor he was admitted to the Order 
of the Coif, which is the highest dis- 
tinction within the power of the law 
school to give its graduates, and is 
conferred in recognition of excellent 
scholastic attainments. 

"Mr. Leary has practised law in 
Salt Lake City since 1908. He is 
secretary of the State Bar Associa- 
tion of Utah, president of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Alumni Club, sec- 
retary of the Amherst Alumni Club, 

active in various civic and state af- 
fairs. He was student assistant to 
Professor Clarke Butler Whittier, 
now of Leland Stanford University, in 
his compilation of Cases on Pleading, 
and a contributor to a number of 

Joseph W. Hayes, who has been 
connected with the Department of Psy 
chology in the University of Chicago, 
was obliged on account of the war to 
return from his leave of absence to 
France last summer. He is now occu- 
pied with special research work at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
New York City, where he is working on 
the subject of "Abnormal Psychol- 

Stanley H. Tead is now connected 
with the main ofSce of George H. 
MacFadden and Co., Philadelphia, 
one of the biggest cotton dealers in 
the world, in the capacity of an expert 
on cotton grades. 

E. L. Fisher has been appointed a 
member of the Faculty of the Newark, 
N. J., High School. 

E. G. Longman has gone into busi- 
ness for himself as a film broker, op- 
erating under the name of Adlong 
Films, Inc., at 35 West 39th Street, 
New York City. 


Rev. Kari O. Thompson, Secretary 
11213 Itaska Street, Cleveland, Ohio 

Fayette B. Dow of New York is 
now located in Washington, D. C, as 
counsel to the Inter-State Commerce 
Commission, in which position he had 
charge of the recent important Shreve- 
port rate case. 

H. S. Richardson is engaged in rais- 
ing high grade grape fruit at Cocoanut 

328 Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Grove, Florida, and is building up 
a package trade in this popular fruit. 



John B. O'Brien, Secretary 
Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 

The name of the class paper has 
been changed from the 1905 Booster 
to the 1905 Mephifif. The new paper 
made its first appearance on May 15th. 

J. Waldo Bond is now practising 
law in Boston, his address being 10 
Tremont Street. 

The address of George A. Brown is 
Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, Panama. 

Prof. J. Maurice Clark will be asso- 
ciate Professor of Economics at the 
University of Chicago next year. 

Harold F. Coggeshall is now located 
at Beaumont, Cal. 

Rev. William Crawford has become 
pastor of a church in Wilmington, 
Del., his address being 1302 Washing- 
ton Street, that city. 

Robert S. Hartgrove is practising 
law in Jersey City, N. J., his address 
being 576 Newark Avenue. 

The address of George Hayes, Jr., 
is Care of Racquet Club, St. Louis, 

R. W. Hemenway is a lawyer and 
resides at 60 Massasoit Street, North- 
ampton, Mass. 

The address of J. H. Kclliher is 
304 Main Street, Fitchburg, Mass. 
He is a lawyer at that address. 

Charles C. McTernan has a large 
private school in Waterbury, Conn., 
at 54 Lexington Avenue. 


Robert C. Powell, Secretary 
20 Vesey Street, New York City 

Frederick S. Bale was married on 
Saturday, May 29th, to Miss Meta 
Sharp Bartley, at Bartley, N. J. 

Arthur W. Hale, a member of the 
Huntington school faculty, has been 
appointed supervisor of athletics in 
that school. He will direct the coaches 
of all branches of sport and expects 
to introduce a new system of athletics 
whereby more boys will take part and 
better athletes will result. Mr. Hale 
is a former Exeter athlete and held the 
two-mile record when at Amherst. 

George H. Richenaker has been 
elected a member of the school board 
of Hackensack, N. J. 


Charles P. Slocum, Secretary 
984 Beacon Street, Newton Centre, 


On May 1st, at Walpole, Mass., 
Chester H. Andrews was married to 
Miss Marjorie Eraser, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Alexander G. Eraser. 
Walter Pond acted as best man. Mr. 
Andrews travels for E. W. Bird & 
Son. He and Mrs. Andrews will be 
at home after July 1st at 19 Parkwood 
Street, Springfield, Mass. 

W^alter S. Price was married to Miss 
Helen Segar of Westerly, R. L, on 
June 1st. 

Walter F. Pond is studying in Bos- 
ton. His address is Technology 
Chambers, Irvington Street. 

The Rev. Edv^^ard C. Boynton has 
gone to Ann Arbor, Mich., to serve 

The Classes 


as associate pastor of the First Con- 
gregational Church, or rather as the 
"student pastor" of that church, as 
he has come to be called from the 
work he has been doing among the 
six thousand students at the Univer- 
sity of Michigan. As the university 
is a state institution and the state 
purposely ignores all religious work, 
there is no university chapel or relig- 
ious work of any sort. In conse- 
quence it devolves upon the Students' 
Christian Association and the neigh- 
boring churches to fill all the religious 
needs of the students, and offset the 
tendency of the student body to fol- 
low the lines of least resistance. 


Harry W. Zinsmaster, Secretary 
Duluth, Minn. 

entered the firm of Walter A. Main & 
Son in West Haven, Conn. 

The 1909 plans for the Sexennial 
reunion of the class are given in the 
April number of the Naughty Nine 
Whiffenpoof, their official organ. The 
Nelson R. White house on Kendrick 
Place has been secured for class head- 

Stoddard Lane has lately an- 
nounced his engagement to Miss Anne 
Hepburn, Smith, '12, of Freehold, N. J. 
After graduating from the Hartford 
Theological Seminary, Mr. Lane ac- 
cepted a call to be assistant pastor in 
the Church of the Pilgrims in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., from which he went about 
June 1st, to his first parish in Bogota, 

Harold L. Goddard has recently 
taken a position with the Walpole 
Rubber Company, Walpole, Mass. His 
engagement to Miss Eleanor Guild has 
been announced. 

H. W. Zinsmaster, formerly of Des 
Moines, la., is vice-president and 
general manger of the Zinsmaster- 
Smith Bread Company, Duluth, Minn., 
makers of butternut bread. 


Edwtn H. Sudbury, Secretary 

154 Prospect Avenue, Mt. Vernon, 

N. Y. 

Samuel B. Fairbank has been 
transferred to the home office of the 
Washburn-Crosby Company in Min- 
neapolis as assistant district sales 

Walter R. Main, Esq., has with- 
drawn from the law offices of Edward 
A. Harriman in New Haven and has 


Clarence Francis, Secretary 

517 Union Trust Building, Detroit, 


A son, Robert Brackenridge 
Mitchell, was born March 14th to Mr. 
and Mrs. Abe Mitchell of Riverside, 


Dexter Wheelock, Secretary 
144 Pearl Street, New York City 

William E. Boyer has been trans- 
ferred from the Montreal office of 
the Lewis Manufacturing Company to 
the main office at Walpole, Mass. 

Herbert Gardiner Lord, Jr., was 
married on May 15th to Miss Doro- 
thy Wehrhane of Broad Acres, Llewel- 
lyn Park, N. J. Mr. Lord is the son 
of Prof. H. G. Lord, '71, professor of 
philosphy at Columbia University. 


Amherst Graduates' Quarterly 

Frederick J. Pohl, for three years 
an instructor in English at Ohio Wes- 
ieyan University and now at Colum- 
bia, has an interesting article in a 
recent New York American, entitled 
"How Billy Sunday Adds to the Eng- 
lish Language." 


Beeman p. Siblet, Secretary 
639 West 49th Street, New York City 

C. F. Beatty begs to announce that 
he has resigned from the Standard Oil 
Company of New York, and is now 
associated with Arthur W. Corning 
251-255 Front Street, New York, in 
the lubricating oil and grease business. 

Spencer Miller, Jr., has written a 
reply to ex-Secretary of War Stimson 
against student military camps, which 
appeared in the columns of the Yale 
News, March 31st. 

Willard E. Weatherby of Warren, 
Pa., has recently married and moved 
to Arizona. 

William W. Bishop of Southampton, 
N. Y., has announced his engagement 
to Miss Hilda Fagnar of Southampton. 

Mac V. Edds is engaged to Miss 
Elizabeth Green of Newark, N. J. 

Ex-' 12. — Victor L. Huszagh of 
Chicago, III., has announced his en- 
gagement to Miss Lorena Case, the 
wedding to take place next October. 

Leland Olds of the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, sailed Saturday, May 
22d, for a trip through the Panama 
Canal to San Francisco. 


Lewis D. Stilwell, Secretary 
60 Matthews Hall, Cambridge, Mass. 

Kenneth S. Patten has been trans- 
ferred from the New York to the 
Cleveland office of the Western Elec- 
trical Company. 

P. R. Bassett has been with the 
Spencer Gyroscope Co., of Brooklyn, 
since October, 1914. 

W. H. Brown has been appointed 
manager of the 6scal department of 
the Adsit General Electric Company of 

H. G. Glen has taken up the insur- 
ance business in Schenectady, N. Y., 
in addition to his study of law. 

W. G. Hamilton has been trans- 
ferred by the McCormick Lumber Co., 
to their yards in Riverside, Cal. 

J. M. Jaqueth is acting as pastor 
for a church in Johnsonburg, N. J., in 
addition to his work in Drew Theolog- 
ical Seminary. 

The marriage of H. S. Leiper and 
Miss Eleanor Cory occurred on May 
loth at Englewood, N. J. R. S. Mer- 
rill acted as best man, and Booth and 
Stilwell were among the ushers. 

On the 30th of March occurred 
the marriage of K. C. Lindsay and 
Miss Karen E. Eriksen in Milwaukee, 

Partenheimer and Scatchard have 
both received appointments as assist- 
ants in Chemistry at Columbia for 
the ensuing college year. 


RoswELL P. Young, Secretary 
37 St. Botolph Street, Boston, Mass. 

Cushman sailed the latter part of 
May for Cuba, where he has accepted 

The Classes 


a position as accountant with the 
United Fruit Company. He will be 
located at Preston, Oriente, Cuba. 

Buffington is studying law at the 
University of Pittsburgh. 

Fallass is associated with his father 
in business in Petosky, Mich. 

De Veau is connected with the 
Outing Publishing Company, 141 West 
36th Street., New York City. 

Chamberlain has been traveling 
through the Middle West the last 
few months as general sales agent for 
the Youth's Companion. 

Brown, Hull, and Mallon are lo- 
cated in Minneapolis. Brown is in a 
broker's office, Hull is with a large 
mail-order concern, and Mallon is doing 
graduate work in geology at the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota. 

Childs is an instructor at the Peek- 
skill Military Academy, Peekskill-on- 
Hudson, N. Y. 

Taylor is teaching at the Mont- 
clair Military Academj', Montclair, 

Shattuck is teaching school in his 
home town, Dundee, N. Y. 

Paj'ne has returned to his home. 
His address is R. F. D. No. 2, Omaha, 


Child is a law clerk in Morrisville, 

Jenkins has spent the winter recover- 
ing from a severe illness at Redlands, 
Cal. His engagement to Miss Doro- 
thy Davis of Redlands, Smith, '13, has 
recently been announced. 

Jewett is teaching school in Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

Smart left early in May to take up 
pioneer missionary work in Alberta, 

C. P. Rugg is teaching at Bishop's 
College School, Lenoxville, Que. 

Gaunt left for South Dakota on 
June 16th. 

Huthsteiner will spend the summer 
at a camp at Lake George. 

Boutwell is connected with H. P. 
Hood & Sons, 487 Rutherford Avenue, 
Charlestown, Mass. 

Miller is associated with the Henry 
F. Miller Piano Company in Boston. 

Whiteford is teaching at the Mercers- 
burg Academy, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Tierney is with the Travelers' In- 
surance Company at the home office 
in Hartford, Conn. 




University ol Toronto 








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