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Full text of "A Middle-English dictionary, containing words used by English writers from the twelfth to the fifteenth century"

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B 




HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 



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A 
MIDDLE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY 

H. BRADLEY 



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HENRY FROWDE 




Oxford University Press Warehouse 
Amen Corner, £.C. 



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M IDDLE-ENGLISH 

DICTIONARY 



CONTAINING 



WORDS USED BY ENGLISH WRITERS 
l^ROM THE TWELFTH TO THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 



BY 



FRANCIS HENRY STRATMANN 



yl NEW EDITION, RE-ARRANGED, REVISED, AND ENLARGED 

BY 

HENRY BRADLEY 



AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 



M DCCC XCI 



\All rights reserved ] C^ r\r\c\\o 

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HARVARD 

UNIVERSITY) 

LIBRARY 



PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY HORACE HART, PRINTBR TO THB UNIVERSITY 






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PREFACE. 



The Dictionary of Middle-English' compiled by Dr. F. H. Stratmann, of 
Krefeld, is the only comprehensive dictionary of that stage of the English 
language hitherto published in a completed state; the only other existing 
work of the same kind being that of Matzner, of which the first instalment 
appeared in 1878, and which has as yet been carried only to the letter J. The 
third and latest edition of Dr. Stratmann's dictionary was published in 1878, 
and an extensive supplement was issued in 1881. At the time of the author's 
death, which took place in 1884, he had apparently almost completed the 
preparation of a new edition. The copyright of the work was subsequently 
purchased by the Delegates of the Clarendon Press, and the author's materials 
for the new edition (consisting of an annotated copy of the printed book) were 
placed in my hands to be prepared for the press. The unanimous opinion of 
the scholars in this country who were consulted was that simply to reprint the 
work in the form contemplated by the author would be wholly unadvisable, 
and that an extensive revision was needed in order to adapt it to the needs 
of English students. Although the book was marked by great learning and 
ability, as well as by extraordinary industry, it had certain serious practical 
defects, chiefly, it may be remarked, due to those limitations of scope without 
which it would probably have been impossible for the author to bring his work 
to completion in any reasonable number of years. The principal respects in 
which the present edition aims at being an improvement on the original work 
are as follows : — 

1. If the definition of a dictionary be that it is a book which explains 
the meaning of words, Dr. Stratmann's work can scarcely be regarded as 
a dictionary at all. With the meaning of Middle- English words, the author 
concerned himself but little ; his principal care was to identify them etymo- 
logically; that is to say, to connect them with their descendants in Modern- 

' In the published editions the work is entitled 'A Dictionary of the Old English I.,anguage ;* 
but in revising it for a new edition the author substituted ^ Middle- English ' for * Old English ' in 
the title-page. He also indicated that in the body of the dictionary the abbreviation 'A.-S.' 
(Anglo-Saxon) should be changed into * O.E/ 



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vi PREFACE. 

English/ their antecedents in Old-English, and their cognates in other 
languages. Such explanations of meanings as were given were merely sub- 
sidiary to this object. Not infrequently, indeed, words (and those not merely 
compounds or obvious derivatives) were left without interpretation altogether ; 
in other cases the sense was indicated only by Latin words, which were often 
themselves ambiguous. Where a Middle- English word was glossed by a 
Modem-English one, the latter was commonly the etymological equivalent, 
even though the word might have undergone a complete change of meaning. 
In a very large number of instances the only vernacular gloss is an obsolete 
or dialectal word taken from Halliweirs ' Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 
Words,* or some similar source, and quite unintelligible to ordinary English 
readers. The following examples will illustrate the author's method : — che- 
owen . . . chew (chow, chig), mandere, objurgare ; oubbel, kibble, fustis ; galstron 
. . . galster (gauster), crepare ; galwen, gattow (golly), terrere ? ; ^eolpen, yelp 
(yilp), gloriari, jactari; kitelen . . . kittle, titillare) plaigen . . . plaw, ludere; 
Bchtite . . . shout, letnbus [the word means a flat-bottomed boat] ; scorklin, 
scorkle, ustulare ; snobben, snob, singultire ; slumen, sloum, dormitare. In the 
present edition, I have endeavoured to provide every word with an intelligible 
explanation in English. When a word has greatly changed in meaning, I 
have cited the modem form for the sake of completing the etymological 
history of the word, but in such a manner as not to mislead the reader as to 
the earlier sense. As the distinctive feature of the book is that the examples 
are arranged according to the grammatical forms, and not according to the 
senses, it is obvious that the shades of meaning could not be explained with 
the same precision and completeness as in larger works like that of Matzner, 
or the New English Dictionary, but it is hoped that the explanations given 
will be found sufficiently full and accurate for ordinary practical needs. The 
indication of the parts of speech, which was wholly omitted in the original 
work, has been supplied. 

2. Another inconvenient feature of the original dictionary was its per- 
plexing etymological arrangement. The compound words, instead of being 
inserted in alphabetical order, were placed under their initial element, even 
though this happened to be an inseparable prefix. Hence, in order to find 
one of these words, it was necessary to know, or to conjecture its etymology — 
or rather, Dr. Stratmann's opinion as to its etymology. Suppose, for example, 
the word amaien is to be sought for in the Dictionary by a student who has no 
notion of its derivation. The first step of course is to look for it in its a pha- 
betical place. It is not there, nor is there a cross-reference. We next turn 
to the words under the prefix a-, but amaien is not among them. The cross- 
reference a-, see ab-, ad-, an-, and-, at-, en-, es-, je-, and of-, gives us the choice 
of ten other places, in any of which the word we are seeking may possibly be 
found. As a matter of fact, it is placed under es-, so that the reader who takes 



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PREFACE. 



Vll 



the natural and proper course of turning to the several places in their alpha- 
betical order will have looked in ten different pages of the Dictionary before he 
comes to the word he wants. Even this example, however, does not fully 
represent the complexity of Dr. Stratmann's method of arrangement. The 
sub-headings under each of the prefixes are not arranged in the alphabetical 
order of the words themselves, but in that of the original form of their second 
element; though this rule is sometimes departed from, apparently by mere 
oversight. To any one unacquainted with Romanic etymology, the arrange- 
ment of the words grouped under com-, for instance, must appear absolutely 
lawless. The following is an example of the mode of sequence adopted for 
these compounds : congeien, oogitaoitlii, coint, oointise, coniuxe, ooUecte, culvert, 
cullin, couche, oouchin, comanden. Romanic philologists will, of course, see at 
once why this order has been followed, though the position of the word 
cogitacitin seems to be due to some mistake. But the majority of those for 
whom a Middle-English dictionary is intended cannot be expected to find 
their way readily through such a labjrrinth. It has, indeed, often happened 
that even scholars have erroneously stated a word to be wanting in Stratmann, 
when in fact it had not been overlooked, but had been recorded in some un- 
likely place. In this edition I have in the main adopted alphabetical order. 
Compounds of substantives and adjectives, however, and of words lifce biforen 
and an^dn, are grouped *under their first and most important element; and 
agent-nouns in -ere and nouns of action in -ing follow the verbs from which 
they are derived. These compounds and derivatives are printed in smaller 
type and indented, so as not to disturb the general alphabetical arrangement. 

3. In cases where a foreign word has come into English by two different 
channels, and with consequent diversity of form. Dr. Stratmann's usual practice 
is to treat the word as one. In some instances, where the two forms existed 
merely as dialectal varieties, without any sense-distinction, this procedure has 
its advantages ; but in others it obscures the facts. The words desk and dish, 
for example, both descend ultimately from the Latin discus, and therefore in 
the former editions of this dictionary they are put together as one word. This 
would be permissible if (as any one would suppose from reading the article) 
the two forms were employed promiscuously in Middle- English. But the fact 
is that in that period of the language the words were quite as clearly dis- 
tinguished as they are now. I have in this and other similar cases separated 
the two words. It now appears to me that this ought to have been done still 
more frequently : the verbs ch^cen and cacchen, for example, would be better 
separated. 

4. The words which in primitive Teutonic began with hi-, hn-, hr- are in 
the former editions of the dictionary given under the letter H. As the initial 
h is very generally omitted in Middle- English, this arrangement imposes on 



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viii PREFACE. 

the reader (unless he knows the etymology of the word) the necessity of 
searching in two different places. I have therefore removed these words to the 
letters L, N, and R respectively; prefixing, however, an italic h to distinguish 
them from those which have an unaspirated initial. 

6. One of the most important changes which have been introduced in this 
edition relates to the notation of vowel quantities. In the original work the 
quantities marked were not those which the vowels had in Middle-English, but 
those of the earliest Old- English, although it is well known that extensive 
changes in vowel quantity had taken place before the end of the twelfth 
century, and probably much earlier. The author's procedure in this respect 
is not, indeed, so wholly irrational as it may at first sight appear. The Old- 
English quantity admits of being ascertained with tolerable precision, while 
Middle- English quantity is in many cases uncertain, and in other cases varies 
according to locality and period. Moreover, the primitive quantity is that 
which is of greatest etymological importance. I have, however, ventured on 
the attempt to give a representation of the actual quantity in Middle- English 
in such a manner as to exhibit its relation to the earlier quantity. Dr. Strat- 
mann employed the circumflex (^) to denote a vowel which was originally 
long and stressed, original length without strjess being indicated by the 
macron ("). In my notation the macron is placed over an original long 
vowel which remained long in Middle- English ; an original long vowel 
which has become short by position is marked Q; and a short vowel which 
has been lengthened by position is marked with the acute accent. (It might 
perhaps have been better to use the circumflex for this purpose instead of the 
acute.) Original short vowels which remained unchanged in quantity are 
left unmarked. It is hoped that this notation will serve to render more 
intelligible the manner in which changes of quantity influenced the qualitative 
character of Middle-English vowels. In many points the correctness of my 
quantitative indications will be somewhat disputable. The vowels a, e, i, o 
before Id I have marked as ' new long,' except under special conditions which 
modify the general rules. Similarly I have recognised a lengthening of 1 and 
u before nd. The lengthening of e before nd and before n followed by a 
palatal g, certainly prevailed to a considerable extent, but I doubt whether it 
was at all so general as the other lengthening, and I have therefore left it 
unmarked. For similar reasons the lengthening effect of r, followed by a 
voiced consonant, has not been regarded. There is room for much doubt 
whether the later positional lengthenings persisted in spite of loss of stress in 
the second element of a compound. In such cases I have left the vowels 
unmarked, except where special evidence seems to show that the lengthened 
quantity was retained. With reference to words of Romanic or Latin origin 
the question of quantity is very perplexing. Dr. Stratmann correctly re- 
cognised that Latin quantity as distinguished from Latin accent had in 



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PREFACE. ix 

general no influence on Middle- English pronunciation, and has therefore 
treated the unaccented vowels in words derived from Romanic and Latin as 
(proximately) short, with the exception of those that have compensatory length. 
I have followed his example in marking as long the vowels in final syllables 
like -ftge, -on, -t«, -tire, &c., which originally were stressed, though owing to a 
shifting of accent which began, at latest, in the fourteenth century, this 
notation cannot be regarded as correct for the whole Middle- English period. 
I should now prefer to mark with the circumflex all Romanic and Latin 
vowels which were positionally long in early Middle-English, whatever their 
original quantity, and to leave the rest unmarked. 

6. In one instance I have ventured to introduce a diacritic expressive 
of vowel quality. I have employed the character u to distinguish the cases 
in which a Middle- English u expresses either the sound which descended from 
Old- English y\ or some sound but slightly different from this. It is clear 
that in some early loan-words from French, the u was at first sounded in much 
the same way as the English u, u, and I have therefore in these instances 
marked it with the two points. I now regret not having made a more extensive 
use of diacritics. The tailed 9, 9 ought to have been used for Middle-English o 
when representing an Old-English a, ft ; the palatal sound of g also might 
with advantage be distinguished with a special sign. 

7. In the etymologies I have attempted to distinguish between direct 
derivation and collateral relationship of words', and have also rectified many 
errors of detail. Dr. Stratmann's work in this department was eminently 
scholarly, but the fresh light thrown on many points of comparative Teutonic 
phonology, by the researches of the past few yeais, often necessitates an 
alteration in the form, and sometimes in the substance, of his statements. 
One error which frequently occurs in the previous editions is that the Old- 
English verbs in -Ian are identified with the continental Teutonic verbs in -jan 
instead of with those in -6n, while the umlaut verbs, really corresponding to 
the continental verbs in -jan, are treated as if peculiar to English. 

8. Although the present edition has no pretensions to be regarded as an 
exhaustive dictionary of Middle- English, it contains a very large number of 
words not found in the former editions. The author's interest was chiefly in 
the Teutonic portion of the language, and in his work as originally issued the 
words of Romanic and Latin origin were almost wholly absent. In deference 
to the opinion of English scholars, many of these were inserted in later editions, 
but even in the author's last revision the vocabulary was still conspicuously 

^ In the case of the combination wur I have left the n unmarked, since even in Old- 
English wyr often became wur. 

' It should be clearly understood that the Middle-English forms are by no means always the 
direct descendants of the particular dialectal form in Old- English that happens to be quotable. 



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X .PREFACE. 

defective with regard to the Romanic element. Besides this, many other 
words, sometimes of considerable literary importance, appear to have been 
intentionally omitted, because owing to their doubtful derivation they could 
not be conveniently brought under the etymological arrangement adopted in 
the work. In the selection of new words for insertion I do not profess to 
have followed any systematic method. It is probable that many really im- 
portant words have been overlooked, while some have been inserted that 
might well have been spared. While I have not expunged the proper names 
inserted by the author himself, I have not added any others. By further 
abbreviating the references, which though occupying much space were not full 
enough to be understood without the help of the table of contractions, it has 
been found possible to compress the much augmented work into about the 
same number of pages as were contained in the third edition, together with 
the supplement. 

There are several features of the dictionary which I do not myself regard 
with approval, though for various reasons I have refrained from altering them. 
One of these is the normalized orthography of the quotations. My own view 
is that the quotations, though not the headings ot the articles, ought to be 
given in the spelling of the MSS., or at least in that of some standard critical 
edition ; but the gain of textual correctness would not be commensurate with 
the expenditure of time and labour which would be needed to conform every 
quotation to the original. Some special points in Dr. Stratmann's system of 
normalized spelling now appear to me objectionable ; for example, he uses the 
letter v not only when the u or v of the MSS. had the sound of v, but also 
where it had a different consonantal power (=w), as in qvallen, gverdon, and 
avo (Ayenbite). In words taken from early texts which use g for 5, the former 
letter is retained, even in the lemmas, although the process of ' normalizing * 
would seem to have more justification here than in most other cases. The 
complaint often made that Dr. Stratmann chooses as the ' dictionary forms * of 
Middle- English words not those of the period of Ghaucer and Langland, but 
those nearest to the Old- English, does not seem to me to be of great moment ; 
the inconveniences of this course being counterbalanced by the advantage of 
presenting the various forms in something like genealogical sequence. The 
author, however, did not sufficiently recognise the fact that the orthographical 
coincidence of Middle- English with Old- English is often merely accidental, 
especially when the digraphs », ea, eo are concerned ; and most of the 
articles on words containing these digraphs would need to be rewritten in 
order to make their arrangement correctly expressive of the facts. A pe- 
culiarity of Dr. Stratmann's method, which may cause sortie embarrassment to 
the student who is not aware of it, is that he treats ' improper compounds ' not 
as single words but as phrases. Thus the preposition blade does not occur 
in its alphabetical place, but examples of it (written bi side in two words) are 



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PREFACE; xi 

found in the article wde. I have in many cases inserted cross-references to 
obviate the difficulty arising from this cause. 

I am painfully conscious of many serious shortcomings both in the plan 
and the execution of this edition. The numerous errata will probably seem 
to some critics to imply extreme carelessness on my part. To this fault I 
cannot plead guilty; though for many of the oversights I am able to account 
only by the state of ill-health from which I was suffering when the earlier 
sheets were passed for press ; and if I had then possessed the experience I 
have subsequently acquired in lexicographical work, I should have known 
how to take more effectual precautions to ensure accuracy ^ An assiduous 
study of Middle- English during the progress of the work has shown me many 
points in which my knowledge was at the outset materially defective. Perhaps 
I may reasonably hope for some degree of indulgence on account of the 
special difficulties of my task. Dr. Stratmann's references are often to books 
or editions which were not easily accessible to me — some of them, indeed, not 
to be found even at the British Museum ; hence it was frequently not until 
the article had gone to press that I discovered that he had mistaken the 
meaning of a word, or had confused together words of different origin and 
meaning; or, in other cases, that I had given a wrong interpretation to his 
Latin gloss. The difficulty of accurate proof-reading will be obvious to any 
person, at all experienced in such work, merely from an inspection of the 
pages ; but it was greatly augmented by the fact that the author's large mass 
of MS. corrections and additions were made in such a manner that it con- 
stantly required the closest attention to discover where the additional words 
were intended to be inserted. If my attempt to indicate Middle- English 
vowel-quantity be regarded as in itself justifiable, I may fairly claim that its 
occasional errors and inconsistencies may be judged with the leniency due to 
pioneer work. However, although this edition is very far from being such 
as I should have wished to make it, I venture to hope that in spite of its 
defects the book in its new form will be found far more useful than if it had 
been re-issued with merely such slight revision as was contemplated by the 

original author. 

HENRY BRADLEY. 

^ One thing which I especially regret is that a few quotations and references have been 
inserted at second hand, matter which I had caused to be transcribed for me having been sent to 
the printers under the mistaken belief that it had been properly verified. I hope, however, that 
all the important errors arising from this cause have been duly noted in the supplementary pages 
printed at the end of the volume. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



A. D. « Altenglische Dichtimgen des MS. Harl. 
2353, herausgegeben von K. Boddeker, 
Berlin, 1878. [? Written in Hereford- 
shire about 1310.] Quoted by page. 

A. p. B Early English Alliterative Poems, edited 
by k. Morris : i. The Pearl ; ii. Clean- 
ness; iii. Patience. E.E.T.S., No. i, 
1864. L? Lancashire about 1360; by 
the same author as Gaw.] Quoted 
by number of piece and line. 

a. r. -iThe Ancren Riwle. edited by J. Morton, 
Cam. Soc. No. Ivii. 1853. [? Dorsetshire 
about 1325.] Quoted by page. 

A. s. s Ancient Songs from the time of King 
Henry II to the Revolution, edited by J. 
Ritson, London, 1 790. Quoted by num- 
ber of piece. 

A.s.(H.) =The same re-edited by W. C. Hazlitt, 
1877. Quoted by number of piece. 

-«LF. HOM.-iElfrics Metrical Lives of Saints, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., Nos. 
76, 83, 1 88 1 -5. Quoted by page. 

iELFR. s ^lfric*s Grammatik und Glossar, heraus- 
gegeben von J. Zupitza, in Sammlung 
Englischer Denkmaler, Berlin, 1880. 
Quoted by page. 

Al. k The L^end or Life of St. Alexins, edited 

by F.J. FumivaU. [About 1380.] In 
six versions, vir. L*. (MS. Laud 633), L*. 
(MS. Laud 108) L^ (MS. Uud 463), C. 
(MS. Cotton Titus A xxvi), V. (MS. 
Vemon), T. (MS. Trinity Coll. Oxford, 
57). E.E.T.S., No. 69, 1878. Quoted 
by line. 

Alex. »The Alliterative Romance of Alexander, 
edited by J. Stevenson, from the 
Ashmole MS. Roxburghe Club, 1849. 
[About 1400-50.] Quoted by line. 

Alex. (Sk.)« The same [The Wars of Alexander], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, from the Ash- 
mole and DubHn MSS. E.E.T.S., No. 
xlviL, 1866. Quoted by line. 

Alex.* « ' Appendix from the Bodl. MS. [364] * in 
Alex. Quoted by line. 

Alex.' (Sk.)- The same [Alexander and Dindimus], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S.. No. 
xxxi., 1878. [? About 1375.] Quoted 
by line. 

Alis. =King Alisaunder, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances (Edinburgh, 18 10), vol. i. pp. 
3-337. [About 1300.] Quoted by line. 

Alis.' -))e Gestes of \>e wor]>ie King and Em- 
perour Alisaunder of Macedoine, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, in vol. with Will. 
[About 1375.] Quoted by line. 

ALT. BL. IB Altdeutsche Blatter von M. Haupt und 



H. Hoffmann. Quoted by volume and 
page. 

Am.&Amil. = Amis and Amiloun, in Weber's Me- 
trical Romances (1810), vol. ii. pp. 
369-473. [About 1330.] Quoted byline. 
= The same, herausgegeben von E. Kolbing, 
in Kolbing's Altenglische Bibliothek, 
Bd. ii, 1884. Quoted by line. 

AMAD.(R.)«Sir Amadace, in Robson*s Early 
English Metrical Romances (Camd.Soc. 
No. xviii., 1843), pp. 37-56. [About 
1420.] Quoted by stanza. 

AMAD.(W.)=Sir Amadas [a later text of the 
above], in Weber's Metrical Romances 
(18 10), vol. iU. pp. 343-375. Quoted 
by line. 

Angl. «= Anglia, herausgegeben von R. P. Wiilcker. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

AN. LIT. ^Anecdota Literaria, edited by Thos. 
Wright, London, 1844. Quoted by 
page. 

ANC. cookery » Ancient Cookery from a MS. in 
the Arundel Collection, printed in 
Ordinances for the Royal Household. 
Soc. of Antiquaries, 1790. [About 
1440.] Quoted from N.E.D. 

ANT. ARTH.(L.)a«The Awntyrs of Arthure, in 
Laing's Select Remains of the Ancient 
Poetry of Scotland (1885), pp. 86-113. 
[About 1430.] Quoted by line. 

ANT. Arth.(M.)« Awntyrs of Arthure, edited by 
F. Madden, in Sir Gawayne volume, 
Bannatyne Club, 1839. Quoted by 
line. 

ANT. Arth. (R.) =The Anturs of Arther in Robson*s 
Early English Metrical Romances (Cam. 
Soc. No. xviii. 1843), pp. 1-26. [? Lan- 
cashire about 1430.] Quoted by stranza. 

APOL. eThe Apology of Lollard Doctrines, 
formerly attributed to Wiclif, edited by 
I J. H. Todd, Cam. Soc No. xx. 1843. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by page. 

Ar. -Arthur, edited by F. J. Fumivall, 

E.E.T.S., No. 3, 1864. [? About 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

AR.&MER.=Arthour and Merlin, a Metrical Ro- 
mance edited by W. D. Tumbull, from 
the Auchinleck MS., Abbotsford Club, 
1838. [About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

ARCH. vArchiv fiir das Studium der neueren 
Sprachen, herausgegeben von L. Herrig. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

ASS. »Assumpcioun de notre Dame, edited by 

R. Lumby, E.E.T.S., No. 14, 1866. 
[From the Cambridge MS., before 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XIU 



ASS. B —Assnmpcio Beate Marie in the same 
volume. [From the British Museum 
MS. about 1330.] Quoted by Ime. 

AUD. — ThePoemsof J.Audelay,editedbyJ.O 
Halliwell, Percy Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. 
[Shropshire 1420.] Quoted by page. 

AV. ARTH.«»The Avowing of King Arther, in Rob- 
son^s Early ^glish Metrical Romances, 
Cam. Soc. No. xviii. 184a, pp. 57-93. 
[About 1420.] Quoted by stanza. 

AYENB. —Dan MicheFs Ayenbite of Inwyt, edited 
by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 33, 1866, 
[Kent 1340.] Quoted by page. 

B. B. -The Babees Book, etc, edited by F. J. 

Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 3a, 1868. 
Quoted by page. 

B. OF c— TheBokeofCurtasie,fromtheSloaneMS. 
1986 in the British Museum, printed in 
B,B. [About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

B. D. D. —Be Domes Daege, edited by R. Lumby, 
KE.T.S., No. 65, 1876. Quoted by 
page. 

B. DISC. — li bians Disconus, in Ritson's Metrical 
Romances (1802), vol. ii. pp. 1-90. 
[About 1460.] Quoted by line. 

Barb. - Barbour^s Bruce, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
EE.T.S., Nos. XL xxi. xxix,lv. 1870-89. 
[Scottish about 1375.] Quoted by 
book and line. 

Barb. leg. « Barbour's Legendensammlungen, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, 
Heilbronn, i88i~a. [Scottish about 
1375'] Qnoted by voL and page. 

Barth. — Trevisa's Englishing of Baztholomseus de 
Proprietatibus Rerum. [Written in 
1398.] Printed by W. de Worde in 
1495. Quoted from N.E.D. (which often 

S'ves the readings of the Helmingham 
S.). 
Bek. - The Life and Martyrdom of Thos. Beket, 

edited by W. H. Black, from the Harl. 

MS. 2277. Percy Soc., vol. xix, 1845. 

[? Gloucestershire about 1300.] Quot^ 

by line. 
Bens. voc. = Vocabularium Anglo-Saxonicum, opera 

Th. Benson, Oxoniae, 1701. 
Ben.wb. — Mittelhochdeutsches Worterbuch, von 

Benecke, Miiller und Zamcke. 
Ber. =» The Tale of Beryn, edited by F. J. Furoi- 

vall, Chaucer Soc. 1 8 76. [About 1 400. ] 

Quoted by line. 
Bev. — Sir Beves of Hamtune, edited by W. D. 

TumbuU, Maitland Club, 1838. 

[About 1320.] Quoted by line. 
The same re-edited by E. Kolbing, with 

versions of six other MSS., E.E.T.S..Nos. 

xlvi. xlviii. 1885-6. Quoted by line. 
BL.HOM.— The Blickling Homilies, edited by R. 

Morris, EE.T.S., Nos. 58, 63, 73, 

1 874-6-80. Quoted by page. 
BoKEN. — Livis of Seintis, translated by O. Boke- 

nam, a. d. 1447, Roxburghe Club, 1835. 

(Also forms Band i. of Kolbing's Alteng- 

lische Bibliothek.) [Abouti447.] Quoted 

by page. 



Bout, ev. — Die vier Evangelien in altnordhum- 

briscber Sprache, herausgegeben von 

K. W. Bouterwek, Giitersloh, 1857. 
Brd. - St. Brandan, edited by T. Wright, Percy 

Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. [? Gloucestershire 

about 1300]. Quoted by line. 
Brem. WB. — Versuch eines bremisch-niedersachsi- 

schen Worterbuches, Bremen, 1767- 

1771. 
c. B. =Two fifteenth-century Cookery Books 

from Harl. MS. 279 [about 1430] and 

Harl. MS. 4016 [about 1450], edited by 

T. Austin, EE.TJS., No. 91, 1888. 

Quoted by page, 
c. L. -Castel off Love, edited by R. F. Wey- 
mouth, Philol. Soc. 1864. [About 

1320.] Quoted byline, 
c. M. —Cursor Mundi, edited by R. Morris, 

E.E.T.S., Nos. 57, 59, 62, 66, 68. 

1874-78. [About 1 250-1340.] Quoted 

by line. 
CATH. — Catholicon Anglicnm, edited by S. J. 

Herrtage, E.E.T.S., No. 75, 1881. 

[About 1483.] Quoted by page. 
Caxt. VIT. PATR. = Caxton*s Vitas Patrum, 1495. 

Quoted from N.E.D. 
Ch. —The worics of Jeffrey Chaucer, edited by 

Th. Speght, London, 1687. 
Ch. (T.)- Canterbury Tales, edited by Tyrwhitt, 

with other Poems from the Black Letter 

editions, London, 1843. 
Ch. a. B.C. -Chaucer's A. B. C. ) 
Ch. Adam - Chaucer's words to 

his Scrivener Adam. 

Anelida and Arcite. 



in Ch. m. p. 



Ch. An. - 

Ch.astr. «A treatise on the Astrolabe, by. G. 
Chaucer, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
KE.T.S., No. xvi., 1872. [Middlesex 
about 1400.] Quoted by book, chapter, 
and page. 

Ch. Boet. — Chaucer's translation of Boethius's * De 
Consolatione Philosophiae,' edited by R. 
Morris, KE.T.S., No. v. 1 868. [About 
1374.] Quoted by book, prose (metre), 
and page. 

CH.BuK.-Lenvoy to Bukton : in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. C. t. = Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, edited by F. 
J. Fumivall, Chaucer Soc. [Abouti386.] 
Quoted by group-letter and line; see 
comparative Table, p. xxii. 

Ch. C. t. (W.) - The Canterbury Tales of G.Chaucer, 
edited by T. Wright, published for the 
Percy Soc. (vols, xxiv-xxvi.) 1847-51, 
and for general circulation, London, 
1853. Quoted by line. 

Ch. comp. M. - Compleint of Mars. 

Ch. comp. v.- Compleint of Venus. 

Ch. d. Bl. - Deth of Blanche. 

Ch. f. age -The Former Age. 

Ch. fortune. 

Ch. gent. =* Gentilesse. 

Ch. h. f. - House of Fame. 

Ch.l.g. w. — Legend of Good W^omen. 

Digitized by 



in Ch. m. p. 



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XIV 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES, 



Ch. l. g. w. (Sk.) « Chaucer's Legend of Good 
Women, edited byW. W. Skeat, Oxford, 
1889. [About 1385.] 

Ch. L. s. = Lack of Stedfastnesse : in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. m. p. -Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by F. J. 
Furnivall, Chaucer Soc Quoted by 
title of piece and line. 

Ch. m. p. (Sk). - Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford, 1888. Quoted by 
title of piece and line. 

Ch. p. f. = Parlcment of Foules. 

Ch. PiTiE-Compleint to Pitie. | 

Ch. pro v. « Two Proverbs. i in Ch. m. p. 

C H. pu RSE «= Compleint to his Purse. 

Ch. Scog. ■= Lenvoy to Scogan. ' 

Ch. Tro.» Parallel Text Print of Chaucer's Troilus 
and Creseyde, from three MSS. put 
forth by F. J. Furnivall, Chaucer Soc. 
1881-3. [About 1374.] 

Ch.Tro.(T.) = Chaucer's Troilus and Creseyde in 
edition 1843; see Ch. (T.). 

Ch. truth = Truth : in Ch. m. p. 

Chest. - The Chester Whitsun plays, edited by T. 
Wright, Shakspeare Soc. Nos. 17 and 
35> 1843-7. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by vol. and page. 

chr. E. = Chronicle of England in Ritson*s Ancient 
English Metrical Romances (1802), 
vol. ii. pp. 270-313. [About 1 410.] 
Quoted by line. 

Cl. «Sir Cleges, in Weber's Metrical Ro- 

mances (1810), vol i. pp. 3 < 3-353- 
[About 1410.] Quoted by line. 

CL. M. ssClene Maydenhod, edited by F. J. Furni- 
vall, E.E.T.S., No. 25, 1867. [About 
1376.] Quoted by line. 

COMP. BL. KN.« Complaint of the Black Knight, by 
Lidgate, formerly attributed to Chaucer, 
printed in Ch. (T.). [About 1430.] 
Quoted by line. 

cr. k. «The Crowned King, edited by W. W. 
Skeat, (in vol. containing the C-Text of 
Langland), E.E.T.S., No. 54, 1873. 
[About 141 5.] Quoted by line. 

CT. LOVE. — The Court of Love, wrongly attributed to 
Chaucer, printed in Ch. (T.). [About 
1450-] Qooted by line. 

D. Arth. - Moite Arthure ; or the Death of Arthur, 
edited by Edmd. Brock, E.ET.S., No. 8, 
1 87 1, previously edited by G. G. Perry, 
1865. [Yorkshire beginning of 15m 
century. J Quoted by line. 

D AV. DR. = Adam Davy's Five Dreams about Edward 
II, edited by F. J. Furnivall, E.E.T.S., 
No. 69, 1878. [14th cent] Quoted 
by line. 

Degr. =The Romance of Sir Degrevant, in the 
Thornton Romances, edited by J. O. 
Haliiwell, pp. 1 77-256. Cam. Soc. No. 
XXX. 1844. [Before 1440.] Quoted 
by line. 

DEP. R. =^ Richard the Redeles, an Alliterative 
Poem on [the Deposition of] Richard 
II, edited byW.W. Skeat (in theC-Text 
volume of Langland) E.E.T.S., No. 54, 



1873. 
line. 



[^399'] Quoted by passus and 



DEP. R. (W.). = The same, edited by Thos. Wright, 
. Cam. Soc No. iii. 1838, reprinted in 

P. p. 1859. 
DiEFENB.WB.-Vergleichendes Worterbuch der 

gothischen Sprache von Lor. Diefen* 

bach, Frankfurt, 1851. 
DiEZ WB. = Etymologisches Worterbuch der roma- 

nischen Sprachen von F. Diez. Bonn, 

1853. 
DiGB. = Ancient Mysteries from the Digby MS. 

133, Abbotsford Club, 1835. [About 

1485.] Quoted by page. 
DiGB. (F.)«The same [Digby Mysterie], edited 

and added to, by F. J. Furnivall, New 

Shakspere Soc, 1882. [About 1485.] 

Quoted by piece and line. 
DREAM « The Dreme, formerly attributed to Chau- 
cer, printed in Ch. (T.). [15th cent.] 

Quoted by line. 

D. Troy «The Geat Historiale of the Destruction 

of Troy, edited by G. A. Panton and 
D. Donaldson, E.E.T.S., Nos. 39, 56, 
1869-74. [About 1400.] Quoted byline. 
DuCANGE-iCaroll du Fresne, domini du Cange, 
glossarium ad scriptores mediae et 
infimae latinitatis, Francofuxti, 17 10. 

E. G. * ■» English Gilds, edited by Miss L. Toulmin 

Smith, E.E.T.S.,No. 40, 1870, Quoted 

by page. 
E, T. «The Erl of Tolous, in Ritson's Metrical 

Romances (1802), vol. iii, pp. 93-144. 

[About 1450.] Quoted by line. 
E.T. (L.)=The Eri of Tolous and the Emperes of 

Almayn, heransgegeben von G. Liidtke, 

in Sanmilung Ei^lischer Denkmaler, 

Berlin, 1881. Quoted by line. 
E. w. -The Fifty Eariiest English Wills, 1387- 

1439, edited by F. J. Furnivall, E.E.T.S., 

No. 78, 1882. Quoted by page. 
Ed. =St. Editha, sive Chronicon Vilodunense, 

heransgegeben von C. Horstmann, Heil- 

bronn, 1883. [About 142a] Quoted 

by line. 
Egilss. ss Lexicon poeticnm antiquae linguae sep- 

tentrionalis, conscripsit Sveinbjom 

Egilsson, Hafhiae, i860. 
Egl. >= The Romance of Sir Eglamour of Artois, 

edited by J. O. Haliiwell. in the 

Thornton Romances, pp. 1 21-175, Cam. 

Soc. No. XXX. 1844. [? Early 15th 

cent] Quoted by line. 
Ell. ROM. = Specimens of Early English Metrical 

Romances, edited by G. Ellis, 2nd 

edition, London, 1811. Quoted bypage. 
Em. sEmare, in Ritson's Metrical Romances 

(1802), vol. ii. pp. 204-247. [About 

1460.] Quoted by line. 
Eng. ST. » Englische Studien, heransgegeben von E. 

Kolbing. Quoted by volume and page. 
Erc. «= The Romance and Prophecies of Thomas 

of Erceldoune, edit^ by J. A. H. 

Murray, E.E.T.S., N0.61, 1874. [About 

^^4250 Quoted by line. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XV 



ERC.(BO = The same, edited by A. Brandl, in 
Sammlung Englischer Denkmaler. 
Quoted by line. 

Ettm. lex. = Lexicon Anglosaxonicam, edited by L. 
Ettmiillerus, Qnedlinbnrgii, 1851. 

F. a = The Fonne of Cury, edited by S. Pegge, 
London, 1 780. [? About 1 390.] Quoted 
by page. 

Fer. «Sir Ferumbras, edited by S. J. Herrtage, 
E.E.T.S., No. xxxiv, 1879. [About 
1380.] Quoted by line. 

Fl. & Bl. « Floriz and Blauncheflur, edited by R. 
Lumby,E.E.T.S.,No. 14,1866. [About 
1 275.] Quoted by line. 

Fl. & Bl. (H.) - The same [Floris and Blauncheflur], 
edited by E. Hansknecht in Sammlung 
Englischer Denkmaler, Berlin, 1885. 
Quoted by line. 

FL. & LEAF. -The Flower and the Leaf, formerly 
attributed to Chaucer, Printed in Ch. 
(T.). [15th cent]. 

Flor. «» Le bone Florence of Rome, in Ritson*s 
Metrical Romances (1802), vol. iii. pp. 
1-92. [About 1440.] Quoted by Ime. 

FRAG. =» Fragment of iElfric's Grammar, iElfric*8 
Glossary, and poem on the Soul and 
Body in the orthography of the 12th 
cent., edited by T. Phillipps, London, 
1838. Quoted by page. 

Fritzner = Ordbog over det gamle Norske Sprog of 
Joh. Fritzner, Kristiania, 1867. 

Gam. «The Tale of jong Gamelin, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford 1884. [About 
1400.] Quoted by line. 

Gaw. ■■Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight, 
edited by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 4, 
1864. (Previously edited by F. Madden, 
Bannatyn Club, 1839.) [? Lancashire 
about 1360.] Quoted by line, 

GEN. & EX. "" The Story of Genesis and Exodus, edited 
by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 7, 1865. 
[? Norfolk or Suffolk about 1250.] 
Quoted by line. 

Gener. » A Royal Historie of the excellent Knight 
Generides, edited by F. T. Fumivall, 
from the Helmingham MS. Roxburghe 
Club, 1865. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by line. 

Gener. ( W.) - Generydes, edited by W. A. Wright, 
from MS. in Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, KE.T.S., Nos. 55 & 70, 1873-9. 
[About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

gest.R. —The Old English Versions of the Gesta 
Romanorum, edited by F. Madden, Rox- 
burghe Club, 1838. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GEST. R. (H.)— The Gesta Romanorum, edited by 
S. J. H. Rentage from three MS. (H.) 
Harl. 7333, (H.*) Additional 9066; 
(H.«) Cambridge (k. k. i. 6), E.KT.S., 
No. xxxiii. 1879. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GoLAG. --The Knightly Tale of Golagros and 
Gawane, printed in Sir Gawa)aie volume, 
edited by F. Madden, Bannatyne Club. 
1839; re-edited by M. Trautmann in 



Ancl. n.4iofr. [Scottish about 1440.] 

Quoted by line. 
Gow. «= Confessio Amantis of John Gower. edited 

by R. Pauli, London, 1857. [Middlesex 

about 1400 ; but edition not from coeval 

MSS.] Quoted by volume and page. 
gr. = The Grave, in Thorpe's Analecta Anglo- 

Saxonica, p. 142, re-edited in Angl. 

V. 289. [12th cent.] Quoted by Ime. 
Graff b Althochdeutscher Sprachschatz von E. 

G. Graff, Beriin, 1834-42. 
Greg. —Die englische Gregorlegende, heraus- 

gegeben von F. Schulz, Konigsberg, 

1876. [Auchinleck MS.; 13th cent] 

Quoted by line. 
Grein b Sprachschatz der angelsachsischen 

Dichter, bearbeitet von C. W. M. Grein, 

Cassel and Gottbgen, 1861-4. 
Gr. GRAM.* Deutsche Grammatik von Jac. Grimm. 

2. Ansg. 
Grl, —Lonelich's History of the Holy Grail, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S., 

Nos. XX, xxiv, XXX, 1874-78. [About 

1450.] Quoted by chapter and line. 
Gr. wb. « Deutsches Worterbuch von Jac. und 

Wilh. Grimm. 
GuiL. « A prose translation of the first version of 

Guileville*s Le Pelerinage de I'Homme, 

edited by W. A. Wright from the Camb. 

Univ. MS., Ff. 5, 30, Roxburghe Club, 

1869. [About 1430.] Quoted by page. 
GuiL.* -The Booke of the Pylgiemage of the 

Sowle, translated from the French of 

de Guilcville (?by Lidgate, 141 3), 

edited from Caxton's impression by 

Miss Oust, London, 1859. Q^ioted by 

book, chapter, and page. 
Guy -The Romance of Sir Guy of Warwick 

and Rembrun his son, edited by W. D. 

Tumbull, Abbotsford Club, 1840. 

[About 1 3 14.] Quoted by line. 
Guy (Z.) -Guy of Warwick, edited by J. Zupitza, 

from the Auchinleck and CaiusMSS. 

E.E.T.S., Nos. xlU, xbd, 1883-7. 

[About 1 314.] Quoted by line. 
GuY'iZ.)-Guy of Warwick (2nd version), edited 

by J. Zupitza, E.E.T.S., Nos. xxv, xxvi, 

1875-6. [15th cent.] Quoted by line. 
H. H. =»The Harrowing of Hell, herausgegeben 

von Ed. Mall, from three MSS., Harl. 

3353, Digby 86, and the Auchinleck. 

Breslau, 1871. [About 1310.] Quoted 

by line. 
- The same, edited by J. O. Halliwell from 

HarLMS. 2253, London, 1840. RHere- 

fordshire about 1 3 1 0.] Quoted by line. 
H. M. = Hali Meidenhad, edited by O. Cockayne, 

E.E.T.S., No. 18, 1866. [About 1230.] 

Quoted by page. 
H. s. « Robert of Brunne^s Handling Sinne ; edited 

by F. J. Fumivall from Harl. MS. 1701, 

Roxburghe Club, 1862. [Lincolnshire 

about 1303.] Quoted by line. 
H. V. — Hymns to the Virgin, etc., edited by F. J. 

Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 24, 1867. 

[About 1430.] Quoted bj^page. t 

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XVI 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



H ALDORS. s Lexicon Islandico • Latino - Danicum 

Biomonis Haldorsonii, cura R. K. 

Raskii editum, Havniae, 1814. 
Halliw.— A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 

Words, by J.O. Halli well, London, 1850. 

Qnoted by page. 
H AMP. PS. B Hampole's Psalms and Canticles with a 

Commentary, edited by H. R. Bramley, 

Oxford, 1884. [Before 1340.] Quoted 

by psalm and verse ; or by page. 
Hamp.tr. «Hampole's Prose Treatises, edited by 

G. G. Perry, E.E.T.S., No. 20, 1866. 

[About 1340.] Qnoted by page. 
H AV. « The Lay of Havelok the Dane, edited by 

W. W. Skeat, KE.T.S., No. iv. 1868. 

p Lincolnshire about ia8o.] Quoted 

by line. 
Heyne vKleinere altniederdeutsche Denkmaler, 

mit ausfiihrlichem Glossar, heraus- 

gegeben von Moritz Heyne, Paderbom, 

1867. 
HiCKES aLinguarum veterum septentrionalium 

thesaurus, auctore G. Hickesio.Oxoniae, 

1705. Qiioted by volume and page. 
Hipp. ^Dictionnaire de la langue fran9aise au 

XII« et au XIII« siMe, par C. Hip- 
peau, Paris, 1873. 

HiST.EDWD.«Historie of the Anivall of Edward 
IV in England, AO). 147 1, edited by 
John Bruce, Camd. Soc. No. i. 1838. 
Quoted by page. 

Hoccl. « Poems by Thos. Hoccleve, London, 

1706. [About 1400.] Quoted by 
number of piece and line. 

HoccL. REG. PRiN.«»De Regimine Principum, by 
T. Occleve, edited by T. Wright, Rox- 
burghe Club, i860. [14th cent.] 
Quoted from N.E.D. 

HoLTZM. -> Altdeutsche Gramroatik von Ad. Holtz- 

mann. 
HOM. e=Old English Homilies and Homiletic 

Treatises of the 1 2th and 13th centuries, 

edited by Richd. Morris, E,E.T.S., first 

series, Nos. 29 and 32; and second 

series. No. 53, 1867-8, 1873. Qnoted 

by series and page. 
Horn (H.)« King Horn, herausgegeben von C. 

Horstmann, in arch. vol. L pp. 41-58. 

[Before 1300.] Quoted by line. 
Horn (L.) = King Horn, edited bv R. Lumby, 

E,E.T.S., No. 14, 1866. Quoted by 

line. 
Horn (R.)«The geste of King Horn, in Ritson*s 

Metri^ Romances (1802), vol. ii. pp. 

91-155. Quoted by line. 
Horn (W.) = Das Lied von King Horn, heraus- 
gegeben von T. Wissmann, Strassburg, 

1881. Quoted by Ime. 
Horn CH.s Horn child and maiden Rinmild in 

Ritson's Metrical Romances (1802), vol. 

iii. pp. 282-320. [Auchinleck MS. 

about 1320.] Quoted by line. 
HUNT. -The Hunting of the Hare, in Weber*s 

Metrical Romances (1810), vol. iii. pp. 



279-390. [? About 1375.] Quoted by 
line. 
Ihre ^Glossarium Suio-Gothicum, auctore J. 
Ihre, Upsaliae, 1769. 

IPOM. «The Life of Ipomidon, in Weber's 
Metrical Romances (18 10), vol. ii. 281- 
365. [About 1 440. J Quoted by line. 

Ipom. (K.) a Ipomedon, in drei englischen Bearbel- 
tungen, herausgegeben von E. Kolbing, 
Breslau, 1880. [Version A, ? 14th cent. ; 
B (same as tne above) ; C (prose), 15th 
cent.] A and B quoted by line, C by 
page. 

IsuM. aThe Romance of Sir Isnmbras, edited by 
J. O. Halllwcll, in the Thornton Ro- 
mances jpp. 88-1 20, Cam. Soc. No. xxx, 
1844. [Before 1400.] Quoted by line. 

Iw. ■slwaine and Gawin, in Ritson's Metrical 

Romances (1802), vol. i. pp. 1-169. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

J. T. «St. Jeremie*s 15 Tokens before Doomes- 

day, edited by F. J. Fumivall, in 

KE.T.S., No. 69, 1878. [14th cent] 

Quoted by line. 
JARB. sjahrbuch flir romanische und englische 

Sprache, &c., von Ludw, Lemcke. 

Quoted by volume and page. 
John - The Gospel according to St. John, edited 

by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 1878 

[Hatton MS. ?Kent about 1150]. 

Quoted by chapter and verse. 
Jos, « Joseph of Arimathie, edited by W. W. 

Skeat,E.E,T.S.,No.44, 1811. [Vernon 

MS. about 1350.] Quoted by line. 
Jul. -The Liflade of St Juliana, edited by O. 

Cockayne and T. Brock, from two MSS. 

(Royal 17 A xxvit and Bodl. 34). 

E.E.T.S., No. 51, 1872. [About 1200.] 

Quoted by page. 

Jul*. -The Metrical Life of St. Juliana (Ashm. 
43), in the same vol. [About 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

K. COL. —Three Kings of Cologne, edited from 
Cam. Univ. Ee. 4 and Royal 18 A. x. 
by C. Horstmann, E.E.T.S., No. 85, 
1886. [15th cent] Quoted by page. 

K. T. -The King of Tars and the Soudan of 
Dammas, in Ritson's Metrical Ro- 
mances (1802), vol. ii. pp. 156-203. 
[About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

Kath. -The Legend of St. Katherine of Alex- 
andria, edited by J. Morton, from MS. 
Cott. Titus D xviii. with v. r. from 
Royal 17 Axxvii. Abbotsford Club, 
1841. [About 1225.] Quoted by line. 

KATH.(E.)-The same, edited by E. Einenkel. 
E.E.T.S., No. 80, 1884. [About 1 200.] 
Also printed with Kath.» Quoted by 
line. 

Kath ■. — The Life and Martyrdom of St. Katherine 
of Alexandria, edited from a MS. of 1 5th 
cent by H. H. Gibbs, Roxb. Club, 1884. 
[Prose, about 1430.] Quoted by page. 

KiL. — Etymologicum Teutonicae linguae, sive 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XVll 



dictionarfmnTentonico-Latinam, studio 

et opera Corn. Kiliani Duf&aei, editio 

tertia, Antverpiae, 1599. 
KN. L, -Knight of La Tour Landry, edited by 

Tho». Wright, E.E.T.&, No. 33, 1868. 

[About 1440.] Quoted by page. 
L. C C. "» Liber Cure Cocorum, edited by R. Morris, 

Philol. Soc. 1863. [About 1420.] 

Quoted by page. 
L. P. M. B. -The Layfolk*s Mastbook. edited by T. F. 

Simmons, E.E.T.S., No. 71, 1879. 

[About 1 375 - 1 400.] Quoted by page. 
L. H. R. —Legends of the Holy Rood, edited by R. 

Morris, KE.T.S., No. 46, 1871. Quoted 

l^page. 
L. K. F. — Altenglische Legenden, neue Folge, 

herausgegebcn von C. Horstmann, Heil- 

bronn, 1881. Quoted by page. 
Laj. -Li^amoo's Brut, edited by F. Madden, 

Soc of Antiquaries, London 1847. 

[? Worcestershire, first text about 1 205, 

second about 1275.] Quoted by line. 
1JUIJEF&.-Lai le Freine, in Weber's Metrical 

Romances (1810), voL i. pp. 357-371' 

[About 1325.] Quoted by lioe. 

Lahgl. -The Vision of William (LangUnd, or 
Langley) concerning Piers the Plow- 
man, three texts, edited by W. W. Sfceat, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. 28, 38. 54, 67, 81, 
1867-85; afterwards edited for the 
Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1886. [^-text 
about 1362, B 1377, «Ki C 1393.] 
Quoted by passus imd line. 

Lahgl. (Wr.)-The Vision of Piers Ploughman, 
edited by T. Wright, London, 1856. 
[A ^-text of the above; about 1377.] 
Quoted by line. 

Laumf. — Launfal, in Ritson's Metrical Romances 
(1802), vol. i. pp. 170-215. [About 
1460.] Quoted bjr line. 

LIB. Jes. — Leben Jesu, herausgegeben von C. Horst- 
mann, Miinster, 1873. [About 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

L£ECHD. vLeechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraf 
of Early England, by O. Cockayne, 
Rolls Series, London, 1864- 1866, 
3 vols. Quoted by volume and page. 

Le Goif.— Dictionnaire breton-fran9ais de L. 
Gonidec, enrichi par Hersart de le 
Villemarqu^, Saint Brieux, 1850. 

L£o. —Altenglische L^enden, herausgegeben 
von C. Horstmann, Paderbom, 1875. 
[Late 13th cent] Quoted by page. 

LEG. CATH.— Legendae Catholicae, a little Boke of 
seintlie Gestes* edited by W. D. Turn- 
bull, Edinburgh, 1 840. Quoted by page. 

Lexer — Mittelhochdeutsches Handworterbuch 
von M. Lexer. 

LiDG. BOCH. a The Tragedies gathered by I. Bochas 
of all such princes as fell from their 
estates, etc., transl. by John Lydgale, 
edition of 1 558. [? Written about 1450.] 
Quoted chiefly from the N.E.D. 

LiDG.M.P. — A Selection from the Minor Poems of | 



dan John Lydgate, edited by J. O. Halli- 
well, Percy Soic, vol. ii., 1840. [About 
1430.] Quoted by page. 

LiDG.TH.-The Story of Thebes bv Lydgate, 
printed in Ch. Quoted by line. 

LiDG. Troy -The Historie, Sege, and Distruccion 
of Troye, translated by John Lidgate, 
London, 1513. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by book and chapter, chiefly from N. £. d. 

LiND. — Lindisfame Gospels printed in John, 
Lk-, Mk., Mt. [About 950.] 

LiTTRi —Dictionnaire de la Langue fran9aise par 
E. Littr^, Paris, 1873. 

Lk. -The Gospel according to Saint Luke, 

edited by W. W- Skeat, Cambridge, 
1874. [Hatton MS. ? Kent about 1 1 50.] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

LUD. Cov. - Ludns Coventriae, edited by J. O. Halli- 
well, Shakespeare Soc, 1841. [War- 
wickshire 15th century.] Quoted by 
P*g«- 

M. Arth. -Le Morte Arthur, edited by F. J. Fumi- 
vall, London, 1864. [Harl. MS. 2252, 
about 1460 ; the date of composition is 
much older.] Quoted by line. 

M. God - * Mother of God,* by Hoccleve, printed 
in Ch.m. p. [About 1400.] Quoted 
byline. 
-English Metrical Homilies from MSS. of 
the 14th century edited by John Small, 
Edinb., 186a. [About 1325.] Quoted 
by page. 
• Andent Metrical Tales, edited by C. H. 
Hartshome, London, 1829. Quoted 
bypngc. 

Mau -Mallory'a King Arthur, edited by 
R.Southeyfrom Caxton*s copy, London, 
1817. Sincere-edited by H. O. Sonamer, 
London, 1889-90. Quoted by book 
and chapter. 

Man. (F.) = Robert Manning's History of England, 
edited by F. J. Fumivall, Rolls Series, 
London, 1887. [About 1330.] Quoted 
by line. 

Man. (H.) -Peter Langtofr*s Chronicle, as illustrated 
and improved by Robert of Brunne, 
edited by Th, Heame, Oxford, 
1725. [Lincolnshire about 1330.] 
Quoted by page. 

Mand. -The Voiage and Travaile of Sir John 
Maundeville, reprinted from the edition 
of 1725, with an introduction, by 
J. O. Halliwell, London, 1839, re- 
issued 1866. [About 1400.] Quoted 
by page. 

Map —The Latin Poems commonly attributed 
to Walter Map, edited by T. Wright, 
Camden Soc, No. xvi. 1841. [Con- 
tains some Middle Eng. Poems : Bodv 
and Soul, from MS. Laud 108, I3ih 
cent. ; the same from Vernon MS., about 
1 310; Body and Soul (another ver- 
sion), from MS. Harl. 2253, about 
1325; Sir Penny, from MS. Cotton 
Galba E. ix., J4th cent.] Quoted 
by page. 



u. u. 



M. T. 



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XVlll 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Marg. « Semte Margarete (in Marh. vol.), edited 
by O. Cockayne. [Harl. MS. 2277, 
about 1300.] Quoted by line. 

Marh. —Seinte Marherete, J)e meiden ant martyr, 
from MSS. Ree. 17, Axxvii, and Bodl. 
34 [about 1 300] ; printed together with 
Marg. (pp. 34-33) and Meidan Mare- 
grete (Tnn. Coll. Cantab. MS. about 
1358) pp. 34-43, reprinted from HiCKES 
i 334 n. ; London, 1863, afterwards 
re-issued KE.T.S., No. 13, 1866. 
Quoted by page. 

MAS. m A Poem on the Constitutions of Masonry, 
in Halliwell*s Early History of Free- 
masonry in England, 1844, pp. 13-40. 
[14th cent] Quoted by line. 

Mat. —The Gospel according to St. Matthew, 
edited by W* W. Skeat. Cambridge, 
1887. [Hatton MS. ?Kent about 1150.] 
Quoted by chapter and yerse. 

MED. = Meditations on the Supper of our Lord, 
etc, by Robert of Brunne, edited by 
J. M. Cowpcr, from Harl. MS. 1701, 
collated with Bodl. 415, E.E.T.S., No. 
^f 1875. [About 1330.] Quoted by 
line. 

Mer. vs Merlin, a Prose Romance, edited by H. B. 
Wheatley, KE.T.S., Nos. 10, 3i, 36, 
1865-6-9. [About 1440.] Quoted by 
chapter and page. 

MiN. —Poems of Laurence Minot, edited by J. 
Hall, Oxford, 1887. [MS. about 1415, 
composed about 1353.] Quoted by 
jiumber of piece and line (in the earlier 
pai^es, sometimes by oage of Ritson's 
edition, London, 1835!) 

MIB. PL. —A Collection of English Miracle-Plays, 
from the ^ Chester, Coventry, Townley, 
and Digby Mysteries, together with 
God's Promises, edited by W. Marriott, 
Basel, 1838. Quoted by page. 

MiRC «■ Instructions for Parish Priests by John 
Jkfyrc,editedby Edw. Peacock, E.E.T.S., 
No. 31, 1868. [Shropshire about 1400.] 
Quoted by line. 

Misc* ""An Old English Miscellany, edited by 
R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 49, 1873. 
•Quoted by page, 

Mk. » The Gospel according to St Mark, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 1871. 

gatton MS., ?Kent about 1150.] 
oted by chapter and verse. 

MoNB a Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte 
der teutschen Literatur und Sprache von 
F. J. Mone, Aachen, 1830. 

N. E. D. -i ANew English Dictionary on Historical 
Principles, edited by J. A. H, Murray 
(A-Chvy), Oxford, 1884-1890. 

N. P. »Nugae Poeticae. Select pieces of Old 
English popular poetry, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, London, 1844. Quoted by 
page. 

o. & N. ■> An Old English poem of the Owl and 
the Nightingale, edited by F. H. Strat- 
mann, Krefeld, 1868, previously edited 



by T. Wright, Percy Soc. vol. xi. 1843. 

[? Dorset, Wilts, or Hants ; about 1 335.] 

Quoted by line. 
O'Brien = An Irish-English Dictionary by J.O'Brien. 

second edition, Dublin, 1833. 
OCTAV.(H.)=The Romance of the Emperour Oc- 

tavian, edited by J. O. Halliwell, Percy 

Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. [Before 1400. J 

Quoted by line. 
OCTAV.(S.)*The same, edited by G. Sarrazin, in 

Kolbing's Altenglische Bibliothek, vol. 

iiL pp. 64 fif. [About 1400.] Quoted 

by Une. 
OcTOV.(S.)=Octovian Imperator edited by G. Sar- 
razin, in Kolbmg's Altenglische Biblio- 
thek, vol. iii. p. 1-63. [Before 1400.] 

Quoted by line. 
OcTOV.(W.)»The same in Weber's Metrical 

Romances (1810), vol. iii. p. 157-339. 

Quoted by line. 
O'Reilly— An Irish- English Dictionary by T. 

O'Reilly, Dublin, 181 7. 
Orf. "Sir Orfeo, herausgegeben von O. Zielker, 

Breslau, 1880. [About 1300.] Quoted 

by line. 
ORIG. = Originals and Analogues of some of 

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Chaucer 

Soc., 1875. Quoted by page. 
Orm. « The Ormulum by Ormin, edited by R. M . 

White, Oxford, 1853, re-edited by R. 

Holt, 1878. [? Lincolnshire about i soo. ] 

Quoted by line, or title of piece and Une. 
Oudem. aBBijdrage tot een middel- en oudneder- 

landsch woordenboek door A.C. Oude- 

mans, Amhem, 1869-1878. 
p. «A Poem on the Times of Edward II, 

edited by C. Hardwick, Percy Soc., vol. 

xxviii. 1849. [About 1330.] Quoted 

by stanza, 
■s Early English Poems and lives of Saints, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, Philol. 

Soc., 1863. Quoted by number of piece 

and line (or stanza). 
■■Political Poems and Songs, edited by 

Thos. Wright, Rolls Series, London, 

ToL i, 1859. Quoted by page. 
"The same, vol. ii., 1861. Quoted by 

page, 
p. R.L. P. apolitical. Religious, and Love Poems, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S., 

No. 15, 1866. Quoted by page. 
"The Political Songs of England, from 

the reign of John to that of Edward II, 

edited by T. Wright, Camden Soc., No. 

vL, 1839. Quoted by page. 
"Palladius on Husbondrie, edited by B. 

Lodge and S. T. Hentage, E.E.T.S., 

Nos. 53 8c 73, 1873. [About 1430.] 

Quoted by book and line. 
Pabtbn. "The Romans of Partenay or Lusignen, 

edited by W. W. Skeat, E.KT.S.. 

No. 33, 1866. [About 1500.] Quoted 

by line. 
Parton. "The Old English version of Partonope 

of Blois, edited by W. E. Buckley, 



p. L. 8. 



p. P. 



P. P. n. 



p. s. 



Pall. 



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Google 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XIX 



Roxborghe Club, 1862. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

PEN. PS. «=A Paraphrase of the Seven Penitential 
Psalms, in English verse, supposed to 
have been written by T. Brampton, in 
I4i4,editedby W. H. Black, Percy Soc, 
vol. vii. 1842, Quoted by page. 

Perc. —The Romance of Sir Perceval of Galles, 
edited by J. O. Halliwell, in the 
Thornton Romances, pp. 1-87, Camd. 
Soc., No. XXX. 1844. [Yorkshire the be- 
ginning of the 15th cent.] Quoted by 
line. 

PiLGR.s.v.-The Pilgrims* Sea Voyage, edited by 
F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., No. 25, 
1867. Quoted by line. 

PL. CR. = Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., No. 30. 1867. 
[About 1394.] Quoted by line. 

PL. T. — The Plowman's Tale, printed in Ch. pp. 
157-168; reprinted in P. P. ['Com- 
pliant of the Ploughman*] pp. 304- 
346. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
stanza. 

PR. c. = The Pricke of Conscience by R. RoUe de 
Hampole, edited by R. Morris, Philol. 
Soc., 1863. [Yorkshire about 1340.] 
Quoted by line. 

i»R. P. —Promptorium Parvulorum, sive Cleri- 
corum, dictionarius Anglo-Latinus 
princeps, auctore fratre Galfrido, gram- 
matico dicto, ex ordine fratrum pre- 
dicatonim, Northfoldensi, circa A.D. 
1440, ad fidem codicnm recensnit 
Albertus Way, Camden Soc.,Nos. xxv., 
liv., Ixxxix., 1843-65. Quoted by page. 

PROC. —The only English Proclamation of 
Henry HI, 18 Oct. 1 258, edited by Alex. 
J. Ellis, Philol. Soc., 1868. Quoted 
by Ime of original MS. 

PS. =s An^lo-Saxon and Edrly English Psalter, 

edited byT. Stevenson, Surtees Soc. , Nos. 
xvi, xix, 1843-7. [Before 1300.] Quoted 
by psalm and verse. 

QUAIR - The King's Quair, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
Scottish Text Soc, 1884. [About 1423.] 
Quoted by stanza. 

R. p. — Religious Pieces in Prose and Verse, 
edited from R. Thornton's MS. [about 
1440] by G. G. Perry, E.E.T.S., No. 
36, 1867. Quoted by page. 

R. R — The Romaunt of the Rose, formerly attri- 

buted to Chaucer, printed in Ch. (T.). 
[? About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

R. s. «= Religious Songs, edited by Thos. Wright, 
Percy Soc., vol. xi., 1843. [About 
1225.] Quoted by number of piece. 

R. w. « [Royal Wills.] A Collection of Wills 
now known to be extant of the Kings 
and Queens of England from William 
I to Henry VH. Soc. of Antiquaries, 
1780. Quoted by page. 

-REB. LiNC. — Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincoln- 
shire, 1470, edited by J, G. Nichols, 

b 



R£L. 



Rich. 



RlCHEY 



Rqf. 



S. A. L. 



in Camden Miscellany, vol. i., Camd. 
Soc. No. xxxix. Quoted by page, 
as Reliquiae Antiquae, edited by T. Wright 
and J. O. Halliwell, London, 1 84 1-3. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

— Richard Coer de Lion, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances ( 1 8 10), vol. ii. 3-2 78. [About 
1325'] Quoted by line. 

— Idioticon Hamburgense von M. Richey, 
Hamburg, 1755. 

RiCHTH. - Altfriesisches Worterbuch von Karl von 
Richthofen, Gottingen, 1840. 

RiETZ -Svenskt Dialekt-lexikon of J. E. Rietz, 
Lund, 1867. 

Rob. —Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle, edited 
from HarL MS. byT. Heame, London, 
1810. [Gloucestershire about 1300.] 
Quoted by page. 

Rob. (W.) « The same, edited by W. A. Wright, from 
Cotton MS. Caligula A xi., Rolls Series, 
London, 1887. Quoted by line. 

— Glossaire de la laugue romane par J. 6. 
Roquefort, Paris, 1808. 

sSammlung altenglischer Legenden, von 
C. Horstmann> Heilbronn, 1878. 
Quoted by page. 

S.& c. L -Songs and Carols, printed from a MS. in 
the Sloane Collection in the British 
Museum, edited by T. Wright, Warton 
Club, No. 3, 1856. [? Warwickshire 
beginning of the 15th cent] Quoted 
by piece. 

s.&C.IL — Songs and Carols, from a MS. of the 
15th cent., edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc. voL xxiii. 1847. Quoted by 
piece. 

S. B. w. — King Solomon's Book of Wisdom, edited 
by F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., No. 69, 
1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
Ihie. 

S. c. D. J. —Solomon's Coronation, Deeds, and Judg- 
ment, edited by F. J. Fumivall, in 
E.E.T.S.,No.69, 1878. [? About 1400.] 
Quoted by line. 

s. J. —A Song of Joy for Christ's Coming, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., 

No. 69, 1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted 

by line, 
s. s. (WEB.)-The Proces of the Sevin Sages, in 

Weber's Metrical Romances (1810), vol. 

iii, pp. 3-153. [About 1320.] Quoted 

by Ime. 
s. s. (Wr.) -The Seven Sages, edited by T. Wright, 

Percy Soc., vol. xvi. 1846. [About 

1425.] Quoted by line. 

SACR. «The Play of the Sacrament, edited by 
W. Stokes, Philol. Soc, 1862. [About 
1460.] Quoted by line. 

SAINTS (Ld.) = Early South-English Legendary from 
Land MS. 108, edited by C. Horstmann, 
E.E.T.S., No. 87, 1887. [About 1290.] 
Quoted by number of piece and line, 
or by page. 

Digitized by ^ 



, Google 



XX 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Sal. & Sat. "The Dialogue of Salomon and 
Satumns, edited with introduction by 
J. M.Kemble, London, 1848. [?Abom 
1300.] Quoted by line. 

Sax. chr. «Two of the Saxon Chronicles, edited by 
J. Earle, Oxford, 1865. [MS. Laud 
from 1 1 23-1 1 64, Peterborough]. Quoted 
by page. 

ScH.& LIJB. = Mittelniederdeutsdies Worterbuch von 
K. Schiller und A. Liibben, Bremen, 
1875. 

ScHAMB. — Worterbuch der niederdeutichenMundart 
der Fiirstenthiimer Gottingen und Gru- 
benhagen von G. Schambach, Hanover, 
1858. 

ScHMBLL. — Glossarium Saxonicum e poemate 
Heliand inscripto et minoribus quibus- 
dam priscae linguae monumentis col- 
lectum a J. A. Schmeller, Monachii, 
Stnttgarttae et Tubingae, 1840. 

SCHMID "Die Gesetze der An^lsachsen, heraus- 
gegeben von Reinh. Schmid, a. Auflage, 
Leipz^, 1858. 

ScHUL. eGothisches Glossar von Ernst Schulze. 

ScHUTZE«Holsteinisches Idiotikon von J. F. 
Schiitie, Hamburg, 1800-6. 

Shor. =Thc Religious Poems of William de 
Shorcham, edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc., vol. xxviii, 1849. [Kent about 
1315-] Quoted by page. 

SPEC. m Specimens of Lyric Poetry composed in 
England in the reign of Edward I, edited 
by T. Wright, Percy Soc., vol. iv. 1842 
[from Harl. MS. 3353 (see A.D.).] 
Quoted by page. 

SQ. L. DIG. = The Squyr of Lowe Degre, in Ritson*s 
Metrical Romances (1802), vol. iii, pp. 
145-193. [?Abont 1475.J Quoted by 
Hne. 

St. cod. « Codicem mannscriptom Digby 86, in 
bibliotbeca Bodleiana asservatum de- 
scripsit, excerpsit, illustravit E. Stengel, 
Halis, 1871. Quoted by page. 

ST. R. «The Stacions of Rome, edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 35, 1867. 
fVem. MS. about 1375.] Quoted by 
line. 

STOR. ^A Selection of Latin Stories, edited by T. 

Wright, Percy Soc., voL viii. 1843. 

Quoted by page. 
TEST. Cres. « Testament of Creseide [by Henryson] , 

formerly attributed to Chaucer, printed 

in Stowe's edition, 1 56 1 . [About 1 430.] 

Quoted by stanza. 
TEST. LOVE « The Testament of Love r?by Hoc- 

cleve, about 1400], formerly ascribed 

to Chaucer, printed in Ch. Quoted 

from N. E. D. 



Tor. (A.) «The same [* Torrent of Portyngale *] re- 
edited by E. Adam, E.ET.S.. No. li. 
1887. Quoted by line. 

TowNL. «The Towneley Mysteries, Surtees Soc., 
No. 3, 1836. [Yorkshire about 1450.] 
Quoted by page. 

TRANS. -Archaeologia : Society of Antiquaries 
of London. Quoted by voltime and 
page. 

TREAT. « Popular Treatises on Science, edited by 
T. Wright [containing ** |)e ri5t put of 
helle" from Had. MS. 2277, about 
1300; another copy of this text occurs 
in SAINTS (L.) xlvi.]. Historical Soc. of 
Science, London, 1841. Quoted by 
page. 

TREAT. F.-Treatyse of Fysshinge with an Angle, 
attributed to dame Juliana Bemes, edited 
by T. Satchell, London, 1883. [15th 
cent.] Quoted by page. 

Trev. —Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden, to- 
gether with the English translation of 
John Trevisa, edited by C. Babington 
and R. Lumby, London, Rolls Series. 
1865-86. [?Warwickshire, about 1390.] 
Quoted by volume and page. 

Trev. Barth. Sa Barth. 

Triam. «The Romance of Sir Triamoure, edited 
by J. O. Halliwell, Percy Soc., vol. 
xvi. 1846. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
line. 

Trist. —Die Nordisdie und die Englische Version 
der Tristan-Saga, herausgegeben von 
E. Kolbing, Heilbronn, 1882-3. Also 
edited by G. P. M«Neill, Scottish 
Text Soc, 1885-6. [About 1320.] 
Quoted by line. 

TUND. -Visions of Tundale, edited by W.D.Tum- 
buU, Edinburgh, 1843. [? Beginning 
of 15th century.] Quoted by line. 

y,8c\, —Vices and Virtues, a Middle English 
Dialogue, edited by F. Holthausen, 
E.E.T.S., No. 89, 1888. [About 1200.] 
Quoted by page. 

VAN DER ScH.— Teuthonista, of duytschlender, van 
Gherard van der Schueren, uitgegeven 
door C. Boonzajer, Leyden, 1804. 

voc. —A volume of vocabularies, edited by 
Thos. Wright, 1857. Quoted by 

page- 
voc.(W.W.)«The same, edited by R. P. 
Wulcker, London, 1884. Quoted by 
colunm. 



Todd 



Tor. 



— Illustrations of the Lives and Writings of 
Gower and Chaucer, by H. J. Todd, 
London, 1810. Quoted by page. 

-Torrent of Portugal, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, London, 1843. [About 
1435.] Quoted by line. 



w. &i. 



Wart. 



WiCL. 



— Wills and Inventories frx>m the Register of 
the Commissary of Bury St. Edmunds, 
etc., edited by S. Tymms, Camden 
Soc., No. xlix. 1850. Quoted by 
page. 

-The History of English Poetry, by Thos. 
Warton, London, 1840. Quoted by 
volume and page. 

-The Holy Bible in the earliest English 
versions made from the Latin Vulgate 
by John Wycliffe and his followers^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XXI 



edited by Forshall and Madden, Oxford, 
1850. [About 1380.] Qnoted by title 
of book, chapter, and verse. 

WiCL. E. w.=The English Works of John Wyclif, 
hitherto imprinted, edited by F. D. 
Matthew, KE.T.S., No. 74, 1880. 
[About 1380.] Quoted by page. 

WiCL. s. w. « Select English Works of John Wyclif, 
edited by T. Arnold, Oxford, 1869-71. 
[About 1380.] Quoted by volume and 
page. 

Will. «The Romance of William of Paleme, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E,E.T.S., No. 
i., 1867. [About 1350.] Quoted by 
line. 

WiNT. =De Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland be 
Andpow of Wyntown, London, 1795. 



[About 1425.] Quoted by book, 
chapter, and line. 

Wr. dict.« Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial 
English, compiled by T. Wright, 
London, 1837. Q'loted by page. 

York «The Plays Performed by the Crafts or 
Mysteries of York on the day of 
Corpus Christi in the i4-i6th cent., 
edited by Miss L. T. Smith, Oxford, 
1885. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
piece and line. 

ZEIT. —Zeitschrift fur deutsches Alterthum, 
herausgegeben von Mor. Haupt und 
E. Steinmeier. Quoted by volume and 
page. 

Zup. iJBUNGSB. « Alt- und mittelenglisches Ubungs- 
buch von J. Zupitza, Oppeln, 1868. 
Quoted by page. 



Digitized by 



Google 



XXll 



COMPARATIVE TABLE OF REFERENCES TO 
CHAUCER'S CANTERBURY TALES. 



Six-Text. 
Group. Line. 



D 



H 



I 
3 

B 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

I 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 

lO 

II 



'3 

»5 

I 

2 

3 

4 
I 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 

I 



I 

859 
3109 

3187 
3855 
3931 
4335 
4365 
I 

1 163 

1191 
1625 

1643 

1881 

1901 

2109 

"57 

3079 
(3181 
^3565 
(3653 

3957 

401 1 

4637 ^ 

[none] 

I 
287 

339 
463 

1265 
1 301 
1665 
1709 

I 

57 
1177 
1213 

1245 
2419 

I 

^ 9 
673 
709 

I 

554 
720 
972 

I 

i05 
I 

75 



Heading. 

General Prologue 

Knight's Tale 

Miller's Prologue 

„ Tale 

Reeve's Prologue 

„ Tale 

Cook's Prologue 

»» Tale 

Man of Law's Head Link or Prolog. 
„ „ „ Prologue and Tale 
„ „ „ Link or Shipman's Pro- 
logue \pr Squire's Prologue] 

Shipman's Tale * 

„ End Link or Prioress' Prol. . 

Prioress' [Prologue and] Tale . . 

„ End Link or Sir Thopas' Prol. 

SirThopas 

„ End Link or Prol. to Melibeus. 

Tale of Melibeus 

Melibeus' End Link 

Monk's Tale (O 

„ „ (a)* [^ Modem ' cases 

>» >i v3> 

Monk's End Link 

Nun's Priest's Tale ...... 

„ ,, End Link .... 
Doctor's Prologue 

» Tale 

„ Link or Pardoner Prol. . 
Pardoner's Preamble <?r Prol. <vTale. 

Tale 

Wife's Preamble or Prologue . . 

„ Tale 

Wife-Friar Link 

Friar's Tale 

Friar-Summoner Link 

Summoner's Tale 

Clerk's Head Link or Prologue . . 

„ Tale 

Chaucer's Lenvoy 

Clerk-Merchant Link <v-Mcht's. Prol. 

Merchant's Tale 

,, End Link tfr Squire's Prol. 
Squire's Head Link 

„ Tale 

Squire-Franklin Linker Frkl.'s Prol. 
Franklin's Proem and Tale . . . 

Second Nun's Tale 

Link or Prol. Canon's Yeoman's . 

Canon's Yeoman's Pream. or Tale § 

Tale§. . . . 

Manciple's Head Link or Prologue . 

Tale 

Blank-Parson Link 

Parson's Tale 



73 
"5 

188 

216 
220 

235 
236 
267 
272 

90 

106 
107 
"5 
"7 
127 
129 
181 
187 
199 
203 
213 
215 
235 

^i 
56 

66 

68 

306 
334 
349 
351 
364 
365 
386 
388 
421 
422 

424 
461 
461 

463 

486 

489 
6 

24 
29 

38 
236 
240 
249 
254 

Tyrwhitt's order following the Ellesmere MS., etc.: A; ^§1,2; D; E; F; C; j9§3-I4; G: II - I 
Wright's, Morris', and Bell's order: A ; B ^ 1,2; D : E ; F; G; C; B % 3-14; H; L 
In W^right's 3 vol. edition ^ § 10 is in vol. ii. 323-386, and / § 2 in vol. iii. 82-189. 



Tyrwhitt. 

Link. 
I . 
861 
3111 
3187 
3853 
3919 
4323 
4363 
4421 

45'9 

12903 
12931 
13365 
13383 
13621 
13642 

13847 
pp. 106-120 

'3895 

13997^ 

14685* 

14338* 

14773 

14827 

15453 
1 1929 

"935 

12221 

12263 

12397 

5583 

6440 

6847 

6883 

7247 
7291 

7877 
7933 
9053 
9089 
9121 
10293 

10315 
10323 
10985 

II02i 

15469 
16022 
16188 
16440 
16950 

17054 

I73I2 

pp. 148-172 



Wright. 


Morris. 


Line. 


VOL. PACE. 


I 


ii. I 


861 


27 


3111 


96 


3187 


98 


3853 


120 


3919 


122 


4323 


135 


4363 


136 


4421 


170 


4519 


173 


14384 


iii. 106 


I4412 


107 


148^6 
148^4 


121 


122 


15102 


130 


15123 


131 


15227 


138 


pp. 150-166 


139 


15375 


198 


15477 


201 


15861 


213 


15949 


2J6 


16253 


227 


16307 


[nonet] 


[nonet] 


13410 


75 


13416 


i». 75 


13702 


85 


13744 


86 


13878 


90 


5583 


ii. 206 




232 


6847 


345 


6883 


246 


7247 


358 


7291 


^59 


7877 


278 


7933 


280 


9053 


315 


9089 


317 


9121 


318 


10293 


354 


10315 


354 


10333 


.. 355 


10985 


iii. I 


11021 


2 


1 1929 


39 


12482 
12648 


46 


51 


12900 


58 


16933 


349 


17037 


252 


17295 


261 


pp. 185-211 


263 



Bell & Sk. 

VOL. PACE. 



* In Tjrrwhitt's edition. Divisions 2 and 3, are transposed {Jollowir^ the ElUsmere and other MSS.). 
t But inserted as a footnote. $ There is great disagreement in the MSS. and printed editions here. 

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O 



XXIU 



LIST OF GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS 
AND SIGNS. 



A. Fr. as Anglo-French, 
orr. saccnsatiye. 
A^'.sadjectiTe. 
adv., a<A^. a adverb, 
card. num. s cardinal numeral. 
c/,^conferaiury compare. 
comp. « comparatiTe. 
camp, » compounds, 
conj., conj, = conjunction. 
/)aif.» Danish. * 

/>«. = Dutch. 
tf£z/.B dative. 
dim, B demonstrative. 
dervD. «- derivatives. 
y2rm. -"feminine. 
Fr. « French, 
^^.ss future. 
^jf«.=s genitive. 
Ger. = German. 
6^M. = Gothia 
(7r.= Greek. 
^^3. -Hebrew. 
imper. « imperative. 
imperf, » impersonal. 
indie. » indicative, 
inteij. a interjection. 
inierrog, » interrogative. 
Za/.» Latin, 
iff. Z)i#.» Middle Dutch. 
i/. .^. (?.-> Middle High German. 
M, L, C7.« Middle Low German. 
m.f ntasc, « masculine. 



x^AT.— manuscript, mss. manuscripts. 

med, Zo/. ""Medieval Latin. 

mod, Eng, ^ modem Elnglish. 

n., neut. '^nenter, 

nam. — nominative. 

num. ■■numeral. 

O, ^.-Old English (Anglo-Saxon). 

a/r.-Old French. 

O. /Hr.-OldFrisic. 

O, H, G.^(y\A High German. 

O. Z. C7.-01d Low German (Old Saxon). 

a A^.- Old Norse. 

ord. num. » ordinal numeral. 

/^rj.-« person. 

//.» plural. 

pple., ppU, = participle. 

pr. n.» proper noun. 

prep., prep. ■» preposition. 

pres, a present, 

pret, «- preterite. 

pron., pron, »= pronoun. 

prov. - provincial. 

r.— read. 

r, 7(/.B riming with. 

r<f/.« relative. 

sb. , sb.^ » substantive. 

jr. n scilicet. 

subj, «B subjunctive. 

suptrl, « superlative. 

^7&. ""Swedish. 

v.»verb. 



The asterisk (*) after a reference indicates that the passage cited is contained not in the text but in a 
note. In the case of parallel texts it indicates a quotation from the second of the two versions. 
For the meaning of the marks over the vowels see Preface, pp. viii, ix. 



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\ 



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A DICTIONARY OF MIDDLE-ENGLISH. 



a. 



a, x^^ P al, aa, P and, at, habben, he, o^ P^tJ. 

[a-, prefix, 6>^.a-,= 0,L,G,, O.Fris. a-, O.H.G. 
ar-, er-, ir-, ur-, Goth, us-.J 

[a-*, prefix, = an-.] 

[a-', prefix, = and-.] 

[a-*, prefix, = je-J 

[a-*, prefix, = of-.] 

a, adv., 0,E, a, 6,= OJ^. a, », ei, ey, 0,L,G,^ 
0,H,G. eo, io, Goth, aiw ; ever, always, La^. 
4013 ; {miswritten ae) 1269; a wiirj>e hire wa 
FRAG. 8 ; aer ic hit a wuste P. L. s. viii. 9 ; 
world a buten ende A. R. 396 ; Jul. 22 ; ever 
and a c. M. 18010; a [aa] on ecnesse Kath. 
664 ; )>at schal ai [aa] stonden 1490 ; a, a^; 
Orm. 265, 409, 1688; o and o hom. II. 5 ; o 
buten ende misc. 73 ; 00, ai gen. & ex. hi, 
451 ; ay and 00 Map 337 ; ai Rel. I. 210 ; 
Hav. 159; Will. 2239; Ch. C. t. ^63; 
LiDG. M. P. 46 ; ))e blisse ]>at ai shal be 
SPEC 75 ; longe is ai ant longe is o 106 ; 
ai wijjouten ende B. Disc. 531 ; ai forb Jos. 
126 ; for ai Iw. 1510 ; in ai PS. ix. 6 ; ai Horn 
(R.) 159; ei and o rel. I. 275; ft mftre 
\^0,H.G. eomer, mod,G, immerj, evermore, 
HOM. I. 11; a, ai mare Marh. 3, 5 ; ai 
mare Kath. 1719, 2188. 

ft*, interj.=il/./f.(7. a; ah, oh, Laj. 5015; A. 
R. 52; Jul. 70; Orm. 12808; Bek. 1177; 
C L. 1077 ; S. s. (Wr.) 1250; Langl. -^xvii. 
124; Ch. C. t. .^1078; a hwi wepest bu 
HOM. I. 45 ; ft lift* aha, ^evax^ PR. P. 8 ; 
Fer. 1148; Ch. C. t. Z>586; ft ^e (t ms, 
aje) P. l. S. xvii. 481 ; ft wel, ah woe, Laj. 7223 ; 
a wai Misa 192 ; a wi HOM. XL 193 ; a wei le 
Map 336. 

aa, see ft. aas, see fts. a-bao, see bad. 

a-bftd, sh.,/romMi6&D, ; abode, delay, Degr. 
129; abod, abood Ch. C. t,A^S\ buten 
abade without delay Jul, 73. 

l-bflBlien, v., (^.^E.abseligan \ provoke to anger \ 
ah Bnittes weoren bisie and ofte hine abai- 
ledan (preLpl.) Laj. 10275. ! 



abassen. 

abai, sb., O.Fr, abai ; condition of being at bay \ 

J)e dogge . . . held it at abaie Will. 46 ; at 

abei Degr. 238 ; to abai H. v. 70. 
abaie, adv., at bay ; so hound abaie as a hound 

at bay Alis. 3882. 
abailen, v., 0,Fr. abaillier ; re<uh, arrive at, 

LiDG. Troy v. 36. 
abaiss, abaist, see abassen. 
a-baiten, v., ? = M.H,G. erbeizen ; excite to 

desire*, his flesshe on here was so abeitede 

(pple) H. S. 181. 
abandonen, v., O.Fr, abandoner, mod^Eng, 

abandon ; subdue j subject to another's control; 

surrender, give up entirely ; abandoune Barb. 

3tv. 393 ; abandone (pres. 3 //.) Ch. C. t. 

7775; abandonit (pret.) Barb. iv. 655; 

abandouned (pple.) Gow. 1. 213 ; abandoned 

III. 253. 
abandtin, adv., 0,Fr, a bandun (j^^band5n) ; 

under on^s control; at discretion; unchecked, 

freely, recklessly ; his ribbes and scholder fel 

adoun, men might see the liver abandoun 

Ar. & Mer. 223 ; habben him so abandun 

(abaundune) HOM. I. 189, 203; folwed him 

abandoun GuY 181 ; In abandoun, recklessly, 

R. R. 234i2 ; at abandoun Barb. xv. 59. 
abandon-li, adv., recklessly. Barb. viii. 

461 ; xi. 629. 
a-bdnen, v., from b&ne, sb. ; ajflict with 

disease', abftne {imper,) Langl. Cix. 226. 
abasoh, sb., from abassen ; fright, shame ; 

abassdie Gotir. II. 46. 
abasohance, sb., O.Fr, abalssance^esbals- 

sance ; dismay, confusion ; abasshaunce 

Gener. 5515. 
abasohexHent, sb., drecui, * terror^ ¥K, P. 5. 
abassen, v., 0,Fr, esbahiss-; cU^ash, Ch. 

BoET. iv. 7 (146) ; abaiss Barb. viii. 247 ; 

abaist (pple^ Mand. 295 ; Ch. Boet. iii. 

12 (107); abasched Alis. 224; abaischt 

Man. (F.) 5062 ; Wicl. Mk. v. 42 ; abaiste 

PR. c I43I* 



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abassen. 



a-biteiu 



abashinge, sb., abashing, confusion^ Ch. 
BOET. iv. I (109) ; abasing Barb. xvii. 573. 

abatailen, v., 0,Fr, enbatailler; embattle \ 
abatailed (pple) Fer. 4310. 

abatailmenty sb., battlementy Gaw. 790. 

abdte, sb., discomfiture^ surprise, QUAIR 40. 

abatement, sb., OJ^r. abatement y&r enbate- 
ment ; wrongful seizure of property, Man. 
(H.) 278. 

abatements sb., 0,Fr, abatement; abatement, 
diminution, PR. P. 5. 

abdten, v., 0,Fr, abatre; abate; ca^t down; 
humble; soften; abolish ; abatin * subtraho* 
PR. P. 5 ; abatie ayenb. 28 ; abati Rob. 
54 ; abate Will. 1141 ; abdte)> (pres.) Trev. 
II. 185 ; abates PR. c. 1672 ; abdted (pret,) 
P. S. 216 ; abdted (pple,) c L. 1334. 

ab&ve, v., 0,Fr. esbaubir ; astonish; be aston- 
ished', LiDG. M. P. 144 ; abdved (pple.) Man. 
TH.) 210; abawed Cu. D. Bl. 614; abawede 
\pi.) H. s. 9536. 

abbeie, sb., 0,Fr, 3hht\^,from Lot. abbatia ; 
abbey, CHR. £. 014; abbei Brd. 12; abbei 
LA5. 29717* ; abbai Barb. xx. 599. 

abbesse, see abbodesse. 

abbody sb., 0,E, SLbbod,from Lot. abbitem ; 
abbot, A. R. 314 ; abbed [abbod] Laj. 13131 ; 
abbot Brd. 12; abbede (dot,) LA3. 131 17; 
abbates (//.) Sax. .chr. 250. 
abbod-riohe, sb., O.E. abbodricej Ojfice of 
abbot, MISC. 145. 

abbodesse, abbesse, sb., 0,E. abbodisse, 
0,Fr, abbesse ; abbess : abbodesse Langl. C 
vii. 128; abbesse chr. £. 550; abbes M. H. 
164 ; abbese Rob. 37a 

abbodie, sb., abbacy^ (ms. abboddie) MISC. 
145. 

a-be-ee, sb., alphabet, Rob. 266 ; ayenb. i. 

a-beien, abu^n, v., 0,E, abSgan, abygan ; 
bend, bow {trans, and intrans.) : to non herre 
1 schal abuie Rob. 102 ; abuide (pret.) Rob. 
106; ni ))ei abei^edon hem no thing to )>e 
kingus best Ed. 3458. 

abeie, see abiiggen. abel, see able. 

a-b^lden, y,,grow bold; abelde Alis. 2442. 

a-bel^en, v., OJE. abelgan, = O.H,G. arbel- 
gan ; make angry, grow angry ; abalh (pret,) 
La). 26359*; ^beXh. HOM. I. Ill ; abol^en, 
abolwen (pple,) La^. 1565, 6396 ; ]>at hi ne be 
abolke (ffor abol3e) Shor. 22. 

abeliohe, see able-Iiohe. 

a-beoden, v., 0,E, abeodan,=6>./f.^. ar-, 
irbiotan ; offer, announce ; abeode, abede, 
abude Fer. 1540, 1833, 3853; abdd {pret.) 
Fer. 1829 ; and his aemde abed Laj. 4423 ; 
fai ab6de \plur,) Fer. 1985. 

a'-bere, sb., cf 0,H,G. antpara, M.H.G. 
ambaere ; gesture, Shor. 6a 



a-b^ren, v., 0,E. aberan ; bear, carry, endure^ 
^portare^ Lk. xi. 46 ; abeoren HOM. I. 35 ; 
abeore bli^eliche J>e derf H. M. 17 ; ab6re8 
(pres:) A. R. 158; aber {pret.) Kath. 1555; 
lire drihten aber ure sunnan HOM. L 12 1 ; 
aber up bore up 225. 

abemen, see abrennen. 

abesohe, v., O.Fr. abechier {feed with the 
beak) ; feed-, abeshed {pple.) Gow. III. 25. 

abesse, v., O.Fr. abessier = abaissier ; abc^e^ 
Gow. I. III. 

abet, sb., O.Fr. abet ; fraud, cunning; insti- 
gation ; Ch. Tro. (T.) ii. 357 ; mid gile and 
his abette Shor. 58. 

abette, v., O.Fr. abeter ; instigate, incite, Fer. 
5816. 

abetting, sb., abetting [v.r. abet] Ch. Tro. 
»». 357. 

abettement, sb., A.Fr. abettement ; abetment, 
{spelt anbettyment) Fer. 2364. 

a-bidden, v., O.E. abiddan,=O.Z.G^. arpit- 
tan ; {refl^ offer on^ sprayer : ))e hwile ich go 
to abidde (//2?r jebidde) me Misc. 41. 

a-biden^ v., O.E. abldan, = O.H.G. irbitan, 
Goth, usbeidan ; abide, remain, await, A. R. 
208 ; Orm. 1 801 ; ne durste him nan abiden 
[abide] La;. 1583; abide Langl. J9viii. 
64; ^ ii. 210; Cxxi. 479; Hay. 1797; fu 
ne darst domes abide o. & N. 1695; ^^ 
he most abide ))e dai Bek. 736; abide]> 
{pres.) H. M. 17; abit A. R. 338; Marh. 
21; rel. I. 115; r. r. 4989; abid (/>/f- 
per^ La;. 21623; Orm. 14020; no abide 
he nsvere ))xre daegen La;. 21555; abftd 
{pret^ Kath. 719; Orm. 217; Iw. ii8o; 
a Dad [abod] La;. 5681 ; sevene night he ^r 
abiden {pret. pi.); abide ayenb. 13; 
abidin^r (pp^' pres.) Langl. B xix. 289 ; 
C xix. 136; xxiih 143; abiden (^Zf.) Ch. 
C. T. -E1888; Townl. 315; abide c. L. 
1339; 80 longe ich (h)abbe abide Jier after 
L. H. r. 20. 

abiding, sb., O.E. abldung ; abiding, wait- 
ings delay, expectation: noght schende )x>u 
me fhi abiding mine PS. cxviii. 116 ; abidinge 
AYENB. 173; abiding A. P. iii. 419; abidinge 
WiCL. gen. xlix. 10. 

abilite, sb., O.Fr. habilit^; ability, CATH. 2 ; 
Ch. astr. prol. ; ablete Wicl. E. w. 331. 

abllly see able. 

abime, sb., O.Fr. abisme, abime ; abyss, c M. 
22678. 

abit, see habit. 

a-biten, v., O.E. abTtan,^ O.H.G. irplzan ; 
bite; bite in pieces, to death ; La;. 26995 ; f u 
starest so ))u wille abiten al )>at ^u miht mid 
clivre smiten o. & N. 77 ; abite Alis. 561 1 ; 
abite|> {pres.) Langl. Cxix. 32; mete ne 
drinke he nabit {for ne abit) Fl. & Bl. (L.) 
40 ; abite {pres. pL) Langl. B xvi. 26 ; 
abiten {pret. pple.) rel. II. 276. 



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ablaqveaoidn. 



a^-bufen* 



3 



ablaqTeaoion, sb., Lot* ablaqveltio ; 

abUiqueation^ laying bare of rootSy Pall. 

iL I. 
ablaqTeate, v., Lai, ablaqveare ; lay bare the 

roots of a tree\ ablaqviate {jtnper^ Pall. 

iv. 91. 
a*-bl&sten, v., O.E. onblsestan ; blow upon ; 

venim and fire togider he cast, that he 

Jason so sore abl&ste {pret,) Gow. II. 

251. 
a-blawen, v., 0.E, abl&wan ; blow up : ]>os he 

gan hire herte ablowe Shor. 160 ; ableow, 

ableu ipret,) HOM. I. 99 ; \eX, was ablowe 

(pple.) ]>or3 ])e fenim of y^ fende Shor. 

166. 
able, adj., OJ^r. hable ; Me^ suitable^ apt^ 

^kabiliSy idoneus^ PR. P. 5 ; Ch. C. T. A 167 ; 

abill Ber. 3237 ; see hable. 
able-liche, adv., ably ; abeliche MAS. 243. 
ablenes, sb., ability ^ TEST. LOVE (n. £. D.) ; 

ablinesse Barth. (n. E. d.). 
ablen, w,,from able ; enable^ qualify ^empower, 

dispose : ablith {pres,) rel. II. 44; abiled 

(^le) Hamp. tr. 20; abelled E. G. 316. 
a-blenden, v., 0,E. ablendan, = 0,H,G, 

irblendan; blind^ deprive of sights Laj. 14657 ; 

this leme shal Jupiter ablende Langl. B, xviii. 

137 ; ablendeS, ablent (pres,) A. R. 86, 214 ; 

ablent ayenb. 16; ablende (pret,) hom. I. 

121 ; ROK 208 ; ablente Langl. ^ xviii. 323 ; 

ablend (pple.) Marh. 15 ; ablent P. S. 380. 
a-bllken, v., O.E. ablican, = M,H,G, erbll- 

chen ; grow pale \ ablike)> {pres,) St. cod. 53. 
a-blinden, v., 0,E, ablindan, = 0,H,G, 

erblinden ; grow bl£nd\ abUndeS (pres,) A. R. 

92; ablinda^ HOM. I. 109; ha ablinda^ 

Marh. 15. 
abloi) interj., fO,Fr, ablo (^courage^ allons^) ; 

Gaw. 1173. 
abluoioun, sb., Lat. ablutio ; ablution, Ch. C. 

t. G 856. 
a-blB^n, v., = M,H,G. erbliugen ; frighten, 

dismay : |>a iwar% \dX folc swi^ abl&ied 

(pple.) HOM. I. 89. 
abobbeii,v., 0.^r.abober; astonish', abobbed 

(pple.) Ar. & Mer. 1969. 
abody see ab&d. 
abof, abo^, see abuliBn. 
a-bo^ien, v., bow; abouwie leb. Jes. 849; 

abo^ede (pret,) Fer. 207a 
abominableyadj., 0,Fr, abominable; abomin- 
able^ ayenb. 49; Ch. C. t. Z>2oo6. 
abominacionn, sb., 0,Fr, abomination ; 

abomination, Ch. C. T. Z>2I79. 
abortd^ adj. & sb., Lat. abortivus ; abortive, 

WiCL. Job iii. 16 ; abortiif PL. CR. 485 ; ab- 

ortiTes (//.) c. M. 22849. 
a-b08ten, v., address boastfully, abostede, 

-ed (pret.) Langl. A vii. 142 ; BVx, 156. 

B 



abound, adj., 0,Fr, abonde, Lat, abundus, cf 

ab^ndin ; overflowing, Gener. 311; habound 

TuND. 92. 
about, abouten, abouteatonding, see 

abtiten. 
aboutien, v., f O.Fr. abouter, f mod.Eng, 

abut; lean forward, stick out\ aboutie (imper. 

Zpers.) A. R. 62. 
above, aboon, see abufen. 
a-brceden, v., = M.H.G. erbreiten ; dilate, 

open wide'. Jh* ule hire e^en abr&d (fpret,, 

for abrddde) O. & N. 1044. 

abrege, v., O.Fr, abregier; abridge, PR. c 

4571 ; abregge Ch. C. t. A 2999 ; abregge 

(imper,) MiRC 1629 ; abreggid (pple,) WiCL. 

E. w. I. 
a-breiden, v., 0.E, abregdan ; draw out, 

spring up, awake; blame, upbraid ; A. R. 214 ; 

abreide * exprobrare* rel. I. 7 ; abreid 

(pret,) A. R. 238; abred Mat. xxvi. 51 ; his 

sweord he ut abrseid Laj. 26553 ; abraid 

gen. & EX. 231 ; Ulixes out of slepe abraid 

Gow. III. 54; abroiden, abroden (pple.) 

HOM. I. 239; )>e abroidene bureh HOM. II. 

175, 209. 
a-br^ken, v., O.E, abrecan ; break in pieces j 

break forth, away : ^if we mai owhar abreke 

Ar. & Mer. 7903 ; abrnc (pret,) Laj. 3532 ; 

abreken (pret, pi.) Map 338; abr6ken 

(pple,) Halliw. II ; ich am . . . abroken ut 

of )K)n benden LA5. 721 ; nu hafe^ he mine 

ban alle abrokene 25928. 
a-brennen, v., — M.H.G, erbrennen ; bum 

up ; abemS (pres,) hom. I. 239. 
a-brdot$en, v., O.E. abreo^an ; degenerate, 

decay : fat teon^e werod abrdaS (pret,) hom. 

I. 219; si al swa swi%(e) abrea% and adile- 

jede 235. 

abr6ohe, adv., see br6ohe. 
abr6ohe, v., 0,Fr, abrochier ; broach (a cask), 

Ch. C. t. Z> 177 ; a. p. i. 1122. 
absence, sb., OF'r, absence ; absence, PR. p. 5 ; 

Ch. C. T. (71214. 
absent, adj., 0,Fr. absent ; absent, pr. p. 5 ; 

Ch. C. t. H2o^, 
absoile, see assoilen. 
absoluoiun, sb., 0./r. absolution ; absolution, 

HOM. II. 99; a. R. 146; absolucioun Gaw. 

1882. 
absolut, adj., Lat, absolutus; absolute, un- 
limited, Ch. Boet. v. 6 (175). 
abst^ne, v., O.Fr, abstenir ; abstain, Fer. 

3761 ; absteine WiCL. NUM. vi. 3. 
abstinenee, sb., OJFr. abstinence ; abstinence, 

AYENB. 236 ; Ch. C. t. 7682. 
abstinent, adj., Fr, abstinent; abstinent, 

Ch. C. t. 7798. 
abstract, pple., Lat, abstractus; derived, 

Trev. I. 21. 
%^bufon, adv. & prep., O.E, abufan (for on- 



Digitized by 



Google 



a^-bufen. 



aooompt. 



bufan) ; above \ (wx.abufenn) Orm. 588; abuven 
A. R. 304 ; HOM. II. 81 ; GEN. & EX. lo; )>at 
is us alle above Misa 38 ; aboven Hav. 
1700; Mand. 10; Ch. C. t, 5 1344; above 
Laj. 10302* ; AYENB. 35 ; upe ))e doune 
above Ba))e Rob. 174; ase ich sede above 
Shor. 142 ; oboven PR. c. 849 ; abowen 
(?=abouen) M. H. 105 ; aboje Fer. 2972, 4319. 

a-bu^en, v., O.E. abugan ; bow^ bend^ submit 
(zntrans, and reflex^ \ al him seal abu^ 
[abouwe] LA5. 18854; ))at ich to eni mon 
schule abouwe L. H. R. 53 ; abowe Alis. 188 ; 
Em. 981 ; abowe to ))e kinges wille Bek. 867 ; 
abu^l? (pres,) o. & N. 782 ; abeah {pret>j 
HOM. I. 227 ; abeh ^inclinavit* II. ill ; into 
castle he abeh {went) Laj. 5210. 

abuven, see abd^en. 

a-biiggen, v., O.E, abycgan ; buy, pay for, 
atone for, HOM. I. 41 ; A. R. 188 ; SPEC. 112 ; 
}>u me smite bi j>on rugge ah sare ))u hit salt 
abuggen LA5. 8158; abugge Horn (R.) 
1081 ; C. L. 394; abugge, abeie Horn 
(L.) no, 1075; abiggen Orm. 6907; 
abigge Alis. 901 ; MiRC 2010 ; abugge, 
abigge Langl. A iii. 236 ; abegge ayenb. 73 ; 
abouhte (pret,) misc. 64 ; aboughte Ch. 

C. T. A 2303 ; abouhte Langl. B ix. 142 ; 
abouhte (pret, pliir) Langl. Bm. 281; 
aboht (pple.) H. H. 59 ; fat we habbe}> deore 
abojt Bek. 1312 ; about an. lit. 91 ; abou^t 
Langl. Cxxi. 433 ; aboujte {pi,) ^xviii.386. 

abundance, sb., OFr, abundance; abundance, 
ayenb. 261. 
abundaunt, adj., 0,Fr. abundant ; abundant, 

D. Troy 1695 t abundand 5205 ; habundant 
Mand. 179. 

abiindin, v., 0,Fr, abonder ; abound, PR. p. 5 ; 
abounde rel. I. 265. 

abusohid, abnssede, see enbuaohe. 

abusen, v., Fr* abuser ; abuse^ misuse, misre- 
present, Lidg. Boch. {in N. E. d.) ; abused 
(pple,) guil.* i. 15 (in N. E. D.). 

abuMoun, sb., OJ^r, abusion; abuse,WiCL, PS. 
xxxi. 18 ; abusion Ch. Tro. iv. 991. 

a'-but^n, on-buten, adv. & prep., O.E. a-, 
on-butan, = 0,Fris, abuta ; about, around, 
Mk. iii. 34; Lk. xvii. 12 ; abuten A. R. 234; 
be deofel ^e ge^ abutan al swa be gredie 
leo HOM. I. 127 ; his riht erm schal oicluppen 
me abuten 213 ; abuten [aboute] Eoverwic 
Laj. 16734 ; abuten midnihte 7983 ; abuten 
hise lendes Orm. 321 i ; whan se ]>at preste 
floe ... an si)« )«owted hafden al abuten 
550; ever )m were abuten to echen |>in ahte 
MISC. 176; he foren abuten bi Adad 
gen. & EX. 2482 ; o and o abuten (/or huten) 
ende hom. II. 7 ; abute midniht Kath. 1749 ; 
hwanne o|>re slepe]> hire abate o. & N. 1593 ; 
abouten C l. 703 ; abouten nine Hav. ioio ; 
aboute ayenb. 30; Langl. CI 193; Avm, 
30; Ch. C. t. a 2189; Iw. 2055 ; aboute al 



te ur|>e heo go)) treat. 137 ; (hi) beoj) aboute 
ire to schende Bek. 763 ; obout PR. c. 1905. 
aboute-stondinges, sb., pi., circumstances, 

AYENB. 174, 175. 
aboute-warde, adv., on the way, trying (to), 

Triam. 65 ; Egl. 658. 
abuven, see abufen. 
ae, conj., 0,E, ac, ah, oc,= O.L,G, ac, GotA, 

ak, O.N.G. oh; but, Rob. 2; ayenb. 6; 

Horn (H.) 860; Alis. 236; s. s. (Web.) 1313 ; 

Fer. 3761; Trist. 220; Langl. Al 119; 

Orm. 63 ; ac )>aer bi)) sor idol frag. 5 ; ac 

a^en rijte hi beob Bek. 1624 ; nis naujt malice 

ac hit is laje Shor. 153; ac, ak c. L. 444; 

Will. 106, no; ak p. s. 211 ; ac, ach, ah 

HOM. I. 123, 145 ; ac, ah o. & N. 177, 1176; 

LA5. 252, 13132 ; (misprinted at) 6901 ; ah 

Kath. 5 ; spec 46 ; Horn (R.) 841 ; chr. E. 

675 ; auh, auch A. R. 46 ; au^ HOM. II. 258 ; 

oc Sax. chr. 253; gen. & ex. 213; oc he 

fle^ fro him REL. I. 212; ok HlCKES I. 231 ; 

P. L. S. iii. 7. 
a-odlden, v., 0,E, acealdian,=(9.//:6^. ercal- 

ten ; grow cold, make cold \ acoalde'S (pres,) 

A. R. 404; aoo61ded (pple.) gest. R. 83; 

acold P. 23 ; S. S. (Wr.) 2518. 
a-odle, pple., from O.E, acalan ; stif wit A 

cold: he was so sore acale Gow. III. 296 ; 

acale [akale] Langl. B xviii. 392 ; Cxxi. 439; 

akales. S. (Web.) 15 12. 
a-oangen, v., f become foolish*, acangea tu 

Kath. 2112 ; aoanget (pple) 2045. 
a-casten, v., ccLst down ; akeasten Marh. 14 ; 

akaste (pret,) Marh. 2 ; dea^ ne acaste nawt 

Crist ah Crist overcom dea^ Kath. 1127 ; 

aoast (pple.) P. s. 149 ; Trey. IV. 95 ; nou is 

mi counfort acast PL. CR. 99 ; akast H. M. 5 ; 

akest A. R. 318. 
accept, pple., Lat. acceptus ; accepted: in time 

accept WiCL. 2 Cor. vi. 2. 
acceptable, adj., (9. /^r. acceptable; acceptable, 

Gow. III. 250; Ch. C. t. Z>I9I3. 
accepten, v., 0,Fr, accepter ; accept', aooepte 

(pres, subj.) CT. LOVE 28. 
acces, sb., 0,Fr. acces ; access, attack of fever, 

Halliw. 13; axsesse, accesse Ch. Tro. 

ii. 1578. 
accidence, ^,,0,Fr, accidence ; chance, Gow. 

IL 153. 
accident, sb., LcU, accidens; occurrence, attri- 
bute, Ch. Tro. iii. 918; Ch. C. t. -£607; 

WiCL. E. w. 466. 
accidie, sb., med,Lai, accidia, from Gr. 

oKq^ia ; indolence, negligence, A. R. 208 ; 

sleau))e J^et me clepe^ me clergie accidie 

ayenb. 16. 
accidn, sb., 0,Fr, action ; action, Langl. Cii, 

94 ; accioun Man. (H.) 196. 
accompt, sb., 0,Fr, accompt, cf aconnt ; 

account^ Gow. II. 11, 286; acompte £. o. 8. 



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accomptable. 



aoountre* 



accomptable, adj., accountable, E. G. 379. 
accompten, v., account, reckon, esteem ; ac- 

compteth Gow. III. 298. 
accnfitomauncey sb., 0,Fr, accoustumance ; 

custom : againe our old accustomaunce 

DREAM 256. 

acemen, v., O.Fr, acesmer ; adorn, A. R. 360. 

achdpe, see esodpen. 

achat, sb., O.Fr, achat, acat ; purchase, thing 

bought, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 
achate, sb., 0,Fr, acate ; from Gr, dxanjs ; 

agate, A. R. 134. 
achatonr, sb., 0,Fr, achateur, acateur ; buyer; 

catour Gam. 321 ; achatours, acatouris (//.) 

Ch. C. t. a 568. 
achaufen, see eschaufen. 
ichOy sb., O.E. aece, ece, /rom &ken ; ache, 

Misc 65; Trev. IV. 119; WiCL. Mat. iv. 

23; LUD. Cov. 223; ache, ake ^ dolor' 

PR. P. 8 ; eche P. L. s. viii. 100 ; a. r. 

282; HOM. II. 165; H. M. 35; hacheWiLL. 

905 ; comp, heaved-^he. 
^he *, sb., 0,Fr, ache, cf. mod.Eng, (small-) 

age; parsley, VOC. 139; PR. P. 6; spec. 26. 
a-cheoken, v., choke, suffocate : achoken 

Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (47); aoheked (pple,) 

HOM. II. 181 ; Ch. l. g. w. 2008; achoked 

Haluw. 15. 
a-oheosen, v., = OH.G, irchiesen, 0,L,G, 

akiosan ; choose ; sceas (pret.) HOM. I. 229. 
achesouiiy sb., O.Fr, acheison (y&r ocheison) ; 

occasion, motive, Ar. & Mer. 132 ; see 

encheisun. 
ach^yen, v., O.Fr, achever ; achieve; bring to 

an end; come to an end; Gaw. 1838 ; 

achdved (pple,) R. R. 2049. 
a-cleoven, v.,= J/.//.(7. erklieben; be cleft \ 

J)in herte aclef (pret.) P. R. L. P. 252. 
acloien, v., OJ^r, encloer, cf modEng. cloy ; 

lame (a horse) luith a nail; lame, hinder, 

obstruct; fill to excess ; acloijen, acloiin * ac- 

claudico, acclavo* PR. P. 6; aoloieth (pres,) 

Ch. P. F. 514; aoloied (pple.) P. s. 335 ; acloied 

* acclaudicatus * PR. P. 6. 
a-clomen, v., cf Du, verkleumen ; become 

torpid', aclominld (pple.) ^ eviratus, ener- 

vafus^ PR. P. 6. 
acldsen, v., OJ^r, adore for enclore, see 

cloaen ; enclose ; adosed (ppl^*) Shor. 145. 
a^Timsen, v., grow clumsy \ oure hondis 

ben aclumsid (pple.) * dissolutae sunt manus 

nostrae' WiCL. Jer. vi. 24. 
acoie, v., O.Fr, aqvoier ; quiet, appease ; acoie 

R. R. 3564 ; aooied (pret.) Will. 56. 
[aooint], aqyointe, adj. & sb., O.Fr. acoint ; 

acquainted, acquaintance, ROB. 465 ; aqvente 

R. R. 5023 ; acqveintis (pi.) Ch. C. T. (W.) 

7573 (^* ^' acqveintances D 1991). 
[acointanoejy aqYeintance,sb., O./^r.acoin- 

tancc ; acquaintance ; aqveintance Ch. C. t. 



A 245 ; aqveintaunce Alis. 7258 ; aqvain- 

tonce AYENB. 143. 
aoointen, v., O.Fr. acointer, from med.Lat. 

adcognitare ; cuquaint ; aqveintin * notifco * 

PR. P. 13; aqveinte Ch. d. Bl. 532; a- 

oointede (pret.) RoB. 15 ; akointed (pple.) 

A. R. 218 ; aqveinted Guy 57. 
aodlden, see acdlden. 
aodlen, v., O.Fr. acoler; embrace; aoo61e8 

(pres.) Gaw. 1936 ; ao61en (pi.) 2472. 
a-colen, v., O.E. acolian ; cool (in trans.) a. r. 

118; acdlede (pret.) HOM. I. 237; acdled 

(pple.) o. & N. 205. 
aoolity sb., med.Lat. acolytus ; acolyte, P. s. 

329 ; acolit Shor. 45 ; Onesimus, the acolit 

WicL. Col. prol. 
aoombreiiy v., = encombren ; encumber ; 

acombre Langl. B ii. 50 ; acumbri Misc 33 ; 

acumbre ( subj.) Guy 138; aoombrede (pret. 

pi.) DEP. R. ii. 28 ; aoombred (pple.) Alis. 

8025. 
acombringy sb., encumbering, perplexity ; 

accombringe ayenb. 183 ; acoroeringe or 

aoomerment (cf O.Fr. encumbrement) 

* vexatio * PR. P. 6. 
aoomplissen, v., O.Fr. acomplir ; accomplish, 

Ch. Boet. iv. 12 (118); aoomplise (pres. 

subj.) iii. ID (92). 
aoordy sb., O.Fr, acord; accord, agreement, 

Bek. 718; Will. 2964; Man. (F.) 5276; 

)>e^ we ne beon at one acorde o. & N. 181. 
aoordable, adj., proportionate, harmonious, 

Ch. Boet. ii. 8 (02). 
aoordance, sb., O.Fr, acordance ; agreement, 

Langl. Civ. 339; acordaunce Ch. Boet. 

ii. 8 (62) ; accordaunce iv. 6 (143). 
aoordant, accordant, adj., agreeable, Ch. 

C. T, Az7', acordant Shor. 89. 
aoordin, v., O.Fr, accorder ; accord, reconcile, 

agree, PR. P. 6; acordi Bek. 731; ayenb. 

151; aoorde)> (pres.) Shor. 139; acordij* 

WiCL. Lk. v. 36; aoordede (pret.) Sax. 

CHR. 261 ; acorded (pple.) P. L. s. xxiv. 
a-c6rien, v., taste, feel the pain of misc 75 ; 

))u schalt acorien }re rode A. R. 60 ; |>u hit 

schalt acore sore P. L. s. xv. 120; jjou ne 

au^test nou^t mi de]> acore M. T. 1 12 ; ac6rede 

(pret.) HOM. II. 45 ; ))at acorede al ))is lond 

ROB. 75. 
acom, see akem. acost, see cost, 
acount, sb., cf, O.Fr. conte (sb^, aconter (v.) ; 

cu^count, £. G. 8 ; acounte Shor. 47 ; jelde 

trewe acounte E. G. 357 ; accountes (pi.) 

Bek. 164. 
acounten, v., O.Fr, aconter; account-, ac- 
count ie P. L. S. xxiv. 86 ; aoounte)> (pres.) 

ayenb. 137 ; acounted (pple) P. s. 337. 
acounting, sb., accounting, ccUculation^ 

Ch. Boet. i. 2 (8). 
aconntrey see encontre. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



aoottpen. 



&dle. 



acoux>en, v., 0,Fr, encoulper; inculpate, 
accuse ; aooupede (pret,) ROB. 544 ; acouped 
Langl. j5xiii. 459 ; acopede Bek. 773 ; acouped 
(ppie,) PR. c 2947. 

acoupen'y v., c/» OJ^r, acoper ; sirikcy deliver 
blows ; aooupede (pret.pL) Fer. 1594. 
acouping, sb., collision^ Will. 3438. 

a-coveren, v., 0,E. acofrian, = a/f.(7. irko- 
boron; recover^^.u,^^-, akoveren A. R. 364, 
412; aooverd (prei.) Ar. & Mer, 315; 
aoovered (pple.) H. M. 11. 
aooveringe, sb., recovery, H. M. 27 ; acovring 
C L. 572 ; acoverunge HOM. I. 251. 

aor6ohe, v., O.Fr, acrochier ; encroach, a. p. i. 
1068; accroche Gow. I. 314. 

aotif, adj., Fr. actif ; active, Ch. Boet. i. I (6). 

actual, adj., Fr, actuel; actual*, (printed 
accuel) Shor. 107, 108. 

aoumbriy v., see aoombren. 

a-oumen, v., 0,E, acuman ; attain, come to : 
ase 5ef hi hi^t mi^t wel acome to letten other 
wile Shor. 73; acorn (pret,) Rob. 126. 

a-oumlen, v., become cramped t aoumblid 
(pple,) WiCL. JER. vi. 24 ; acomeled 
^estomye* voc. 161; acomelid ^ eviratus, 
enervatus^ PR. p. 6. 

aountren, see encontren. 

aoupementy sb., 0,Fr. acoupement ; accusa- 
tion, Fl. & Bl. (H.) 1108. 

a-cursien, v., curse; acursi o. & N. 1704; 
aourBe)> (pres,) Langl. -ffxviii. 107; aour- 
sede (pret,) hom. I. 31 ; acorside ayenb. 57 ; 
acursed (pple,) Brd. 24 ; Will. 901 ; acorsed 
Shor. 161 ; );e akurside gost A. R. 234. 

aousaoioun, sb., 0,Fr, acusation ; accusation ; 
accusaciouns Trev. V. 157; Ch. Boet. i. 4 
(15). 

acusen, v., 0,Fr, acuser; accuse; acusi 
Shor. 34; aoOsede (pret,) Bek. 369. 

aouBOur, sb., 0,Fr, accuseur ; accuser, Ch. 
Boet. i. 4 (16) ; Ch. l. g. w. 353. 

a-ow4kien, v., quake ; aqvake Haluw. 76. 

a-cwecchen, v., (?.£*. acweccan (set in motion) ; 
move, shake (intrans,) : ))e wode aqvei3te 
(pret,) so hi sunge Alis. 5257. 

a-owellen, v., 0,E, acwellen,=(9.//;(^. ar- 
qvellen ; kill, a. r. 334; Kath. 1826 ; aqvellen 
[acwelle] Laj. 8773; aqvellen s. A. L. 153; 
aqvelle ALIS. 80 ; s. S. (Web.) 2758 ; aqvelde 
[acwelde] (pret.) Laj. 21 ; aqvelde Horn 
(R.) 881 ; }»u acwaldest Marh. 12 ; aqveald 
[acweld] (pple.) LA5. 974 ; aqvold MISC. 41 ; 
far mid beoJ> men acwalde O. & N. 1370. 

a-owenohen, v., 0,E, acwencan; quench, 
frag. 6 ; A. R. 224; aqvenche treat. 136 ; 
REL. II. 274; aowenohe'S (pres,) HOM. 
I. 39 ; aqvenchej) Shor. 37 ; aqvenc|> 
AYENB. 207; acweinte (pret,) A. r. 124; 
aqveinte Trev. IV. 115; f e fur aqveinte sone 
Marg. 239; aqvenohed (pple,) hom. I. 81 ; 



acwenct Jul. 68 ; aqveint S. S. (Web.) 1991 ; 

Gow. III. 10. 
a-ow^Sen, v., 0,E, acwe^an; resound: hor- 

nes J>er aqTdSen [acwe|)en] (pret,) Laj. 27444. 
a-owikieiiy v., O, E. acwician ; quicken, 

(intrans,), become alive, A. R. 118; aqvikien 

HOM. I. 81 ; aqvikie Langl. C xxi. 394 ; 

aowikeS (pres,) HOM. I. 189; aqviked 

(pple,) AYENB. 203. 
fid, sb., 0,E. 2A,=^0,H,G, eit (ignis, rogus) ; 
fire, funeral pile, Kath. 1365* (v, r. fur); 

od * rogus * FRAG. 4. 
ad, see @ad. 
a-dd^en, \,,^M,H,G. ertagen; awake up\ 

adawe Alis. 2265* ; ad&wed (pple,) Ch. C. 

T. E 24C0. 
adamant, sb., 0,Fr, adamant ; adamant, 

diamond, loads tone^ * adamas,* PR. P. 6 ; Ch. 

C. T. A 1990. 
adamantine, adj., L, adamantinus ; made of 

adamant : writen . . in an adamantine nail 

WiCL. jER. xvii. I. 
adanten, v., 0,Fr, adanter ; subdue ; adaunte 

L. H. R. 205 ; adauntede (pret^ RoB. 61. 
a-d4sen, v., dcute, dazzle, stupefy : as a witles 

man greteli addsed (pple) Todd 297. 
adden, v., Lat. addere ; add, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 

(83) ; addide (pret,) WiCL. Lk. xix.li. 
addioion, sb., 0,Fr. addition; addition, 

PR. P. 6. 
addre, sh,,^M,L,G,y M,Du, adre, adere; see 

naddre ; adder, s. s. (Web.) 749 ; Alis.'' (Sk.) 

1009 ; Langl. B xviii. 333 ; eddre ayenb. 26 ; 

Shor. 161 ; Wicl. gen. iii. 4 ; addren (pL) 

Alis. 5262 ; eddren ayenb. 61. 
edder-wort, sb., snakeweed^ leechd. III. 

323. 
a-deaden, v.,4/: a^.adydan,= (9./f.(^.irt6din ; 

deaden, put to death, die, decay, no J)ing 

never nes ]>er inne )>et hit muhte adeaden 

A. R. 112; adeadie (pres, subj.) HOM. I. 

202 ; addadet (pple,) Kath. 2048. 
a-deaven, v., 0,E, adeafian,=i^./f.(7. er- 

tauben ; deafen ; adeved (pple,) SHOR. 103. 
[adele, sb., 0,E. adelsi,^ M,L.G, adele, 0,Sw, 

adel ; addle, filth] 
adel-ei, sb., addle-egg, o, & N. 133. 
adese, sb., 0,E, adesa ; adze, Wicl. Is. xliv. 

13 ; adis N. P. 14. 
a-deu, see deus. adite, see endite. 
a-dihten, \,,^M,H,G, ertihten ; ordain, dis- 
pose ; and so ich mine song adihte [adi^te] 

(pres,) o. & n. 326 ; adihtej) p. s. 329 ; 

adUit (pple,) Kath. 1382 ; adi^t l. H. r. 151. 
a-dile^en, v., 0,E, adilgian, adilegian ; abolish ; 

adilegade (pret,) Misa 145 ; adili^ede hom. 

I. 235- 
adle, sb., 0,E. adl /., = M,L,G, add m. 

(ulcus) ; disease, Orm. 4803 ; ^d\&Uangvorem* 

Mat. iv. 23; Adle (pi,) ^ aegrotationes^ viii. 17. 



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adlen. 



adlen, v., O.N. o^Slask, prov. Engl, addle ; 

earn : adlen {ms, addlenn) heofoes blisse 

Orm. 4185 ; thank adile TOWNL. 218 (MIR. 

PL. 140) ; adled {pple,) Orm. 6235. 
adlingy sb., earnings merit, Orm. 17705. 
adli^y adj., 0,E, adlig ; diseased, frag. 3. 
administraoiomi, sb., O.Fr, administration ; 

admimstraiion, Shor. 57. 
admirail, see amirail. 
admitJTi, v., Lat, admittere ; admit, PR. P. 6. 
adopcioun, sb., Lat, adoptio; adoption, 

AYENB. 101. 

•domen, aonrnen, v., 0,Fr, adomer, aomer, 

Lai, adomare ; adorn ; adome|> (pres,) Ch. 

Tro. iii. I ; aourned (pple.) L. H. R. 163. 
a-d<5tieii, v., dote, become silly; & for dol 

addtep (pres,) Will. 2054 ; addted (P^le.) 

Gow. III. 4; dosie men & adotede A. R. 

222. 

adrsdeiiy see andrAden. 
a-dr&fen, v^ O.E. adrsefan ; expel; adrdfde 

ipret,) HOM. I. 219. 
a-drd^en, v., draw out; adrawe Roa 207; 

adrdh (pret,) Laj. 7486 ; adrouj Jul.* 205 ; 

hure swerdes ^n ^i adrowe Kalliw. 22; 

adr^ (pple.) Fl. & Bl. 631 ; ay£NB. 218. 
adrefen, see adrAfen. 
a-drenohen, v., 0,E, adrencan, = 0,H,G, 

ertrencban ; give to drink, drown, plunge in 

water, A. R. 230; adrenche Laj. 1507*; 

Horn (R.) 109; Shor. 139; ayenb. 

50; p. s. 217; i schal me adrenche S. s. 

(Web.) 1470; adrenote (pret,) Rob. 489; 

adiengte Laj. 2568 ; )>at folc he al adrente 

25698 ; & aareinten ham sulven i ^5er see A. 

R. 230 ; adreint (pple^) HOM. I. 141 ; RoB. 

51 ; s. s. (Web.) i486 ; Trev. V. 99 ; adrenct 

HOM. I. 225. 
a-dreo^n, v., 0,E, adreogan ; suffer ; adrije 

Horn (L.) 1035 ; })at his strok mi^t adrie 

Haluw. 22. 
a-drillen, v., debase, corrupt f wanne man lete)> 

adrille )»at he god ^elde schel Shor. 114; 

^ he nadrille 90. 
a-driziken» v., 0,E, adrincan, = 0,H,G, er- 

trinchan; be drowned; adrinke Misc. ^^; 

Horn (L.) 971 ; adrono (pret) a. r. 

58 ; ^ inne he adronc Laj. 2205 ; a^les 

adnmken 7852 ; adrunken [adronke] (pple,) 

La^ 2224 ; adronke Rob. 430. 
a-driven, v., 0,E, adrifan,=(9.//^6^. artriban ; 

drive away; addrivan HOM. I. IIS ; adriven 

(ppie.) JUL. IZ. 
a-dbrfi^n, a-dru^en, v., 0,E, adrygan, 

adruwian ; dry up; adruwien A. R. 150; a- 

drouje SHOR. 34; adrue'S, adruwe^ (pres,) 

A. R. 150 ; adrt^ede (pret,) hom. I. 133. 
a-dmnbieny v., 0,E, adumbian ; become 

dumb ; adumbed (pple,) FRAG. 8. 
adunOi see under dtme. 



a-dfinen, v., dim )»u adimest ]>as monnes 

earen o. & N. 337 ; adenid (pple,) AuD. 7^, 
a-dusten [Padusteii]^ v., cast down ; aduste 

(pret,) H. M. 41. 
adventysb., Lat, adventus ; advent, hom. II. 3 ; 

Bek. 1847. 
adversarie, sb., 0,Fr, adversarie ; adversary, 

AYENB. 238 ; Ch. C. t. B 3868. 
adyerae, adj., (9./^r.advers; adverse, Gow. II. 

116. 

adyersite, sb., 0,Fr, adversity ; adversity, 

A. R. 194. 
adyertence, sb., 0,F, advertence ; attention, 

Ch. Tro. v. 1257. 
a-dw^len, v., * 0,H,G, artwelan (torpere) ; 

fgrow stupid; swo heore wit hi deme]>adw61e 

(pple.) o. & n. 1777. 
ardwesohen, v., 0,E, adwsescan ; quench, ex- 
tinguish, Kath. 949; adweschde & a dun 

weorp ^ wi^Serwine of helle 1 196 ; fir ne beo^ 

adwSsoed (fiple.) [^ ignis non extif^gvitur*] 

Mk. ix. 46. 
SB, see &, ea» and Sew. 

[»-, prefix, 0,E, ae-, = O.Fris,, 0,N., O.H.G, a.] 
se-bere, adj., 0,E. sebere, = O.Fris, aber, 

auber ; manifest, evident; aebaere Orm. 7189 ; 

ebare Laj. 2271 ; eber a M. 813. 
8Bd, sedi^, see dad, Sadl. 
ffifen, sb., O.E. ab{tn,=O.L.G. avond, O.H.G. 

aband ; evening : aven, eaven, even Laj. i i 16, 

5763, 19576, 26696, 26910; efen (ms. efenn) 

Orm. 1 105 ; even gen. & ex. 1675 ; ayenb. 

113 ; Gow. Ill, 13 ; Ch. C. t. I> 750; Man. 

(F.) 2440; eve o. & N. 41 ; Horn (L.) 364 ; 

an eve A. D. 289; aven rel. I. 194; ave 

Ar. & Mer. 5391 ; efhe [eve] (dat.) o. & N. 

323 ; on )>am efne Mat. xxvi. 20. 

dyen-li^ty sb., O.E. aefenleoht; evening 

light, Degr. 1601. 
eyen-Bong, sb., O.E, aefensang ; ezten-song, 

Langl. a v. 190 ; evesong A. R. 22. 

Sven-aterre, sb., 0,E, jefensteorra ; evening 

star, Misa 24 ; WiCL. Job xxxviii. 32 ; eve- 

sterre ' (h)esperus * PR. P. 144 ; Ch. Boet. i. 5 

(22). 

dyen-tid, sb., 0.E, aefentid ; even-tide, A. R. 

404 ; WiCL. GEN. i. 5. 

ffiyen-time^ sb., 0,E. aefen^ma; evening- 
time \ aeventime [evetime] La^. 12858. 

dyen-while, sb., evening-time. Will. 1747. 
Sfening, sb., (?.£. aefhung ; evening; evening 

Laj. 30419; evening, eveninge WiCL. Mat. 
XX. 8 ; eveninge * vesper^ PR. P. 144 ; in |>e 

eveninge Rob. 312. 
eefhey see efen. 

ffifre, adv., 0.E, aefre ; ever^ Orm. 206 ; aefre, 
efre frag. 6, 7 ; a;fre, severe, aefer, efer [efre, 
evere], Laj. 547, 1276, 3321, 6552 ; efre, efere, 

HOM. 1. 9, 21 ; efre, evere (ms. euere), A. R. 

4, 62 ; evre Brd. 3 ; ayenb. 71 ; |)e faireste 



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man })at evre {ms, eure) jut on \>i lond cam 
Horn (L.) 788 ; evre, eavere, ever o. & N. 
338, 333, 1282; evre, evere Hav. 207, 
424 ; evere buten ende R. S. vii ; evere mo 
R. s. ii ; TREAT. 132; HOCCL. 1. 199 ; evere 
more Mand. 241 ; evere, ever Ch. C. T. A 832 ; 
ever ant a Marh. i i ; ever and o Map 
342; falshede ever ^ite heo souhten a L. 
342; ever ))e fur|>e peni P. S. 149; ever te 
ever yet Misc. 31 ; ayenb. 96; avre (for 
eavre, see Eng. stud. IV. 100) hom. II. 
37 ; swottre ))en eaver eni haliwei Kath. 
1707; ever [ere] more Man. (F.) 287; 
p. L. s. viii. 33 ; fiver file, ever ulc every 
(qvisqve) La^ 2378, 4599; evere ilc Hav. 
1330; ever ilc on every one (unus qvisqve) 
GEN. & EX. 185; ever ilk Iw. 2739; Ch. 
C. T. A 1851 ; Tor. 2574 ; ever ich on a. r. 
20; K. T. 612; aevric (=aevre ic) HOM. I. 
137; ever uch spec 26; eaver euch Kath. 
735 ; efrec HOM. I. 7 ; ever ihw&r every- 
wnere A. R. 200 ; eaver ihwer Kath. 681. 

ffiftemesty adj., 0,E, aeftemest, =s6^i?M. af- 
tumists ; aftmosty latest : bi eftemeste erdede 
HOM. II. 23. 

saften, prep., 0,E, aeftan,=0.iV. aptan, Goth, 
aftana; after \ ?afte S. S. (Wr.) 701 ; comp. 
bi-»ften. 

safter, prep. & adv., 0,E, aefter, = 0,L.G, 
aftar, O.H.G. after, O.Fris, efter, 0,N. eptir, 
Goth, aftra {noKw) ; after : aefter [after] Jjan 
flode La;. 19; (he) ferde aefter {alon£) ane 
bache 757 ; heo aexede aefter Brenne 5001 ; 
aefter ))ine raede 14178 ; his moder Elene him 
hafde isend aefter 11221 ; |>e heom after com 
1587 ; heo li^n after sae 20945 ; after heore 
mihte p. l. s. viii. 89 ; & biheold after help 
Kath. 744 ; after (wj.affterr)godeslare Orm. 
120 ; after |>are longe tale O. & N. 140 ; word 
after word 468; after ^is dede GEN. & ex. 
355 ; after (along) ulche strete Misa66 ; after 
his wille C. L. 1329 ; make faste J>e dore after 
be P. L. S. xvii. 416 ; he let after him sende 
BEK. 1384; aifter fan |)at seint Brendan furst 
^is ile ise; Brd. i i ; have)) jimed after J)e H.H. 
164; do efter J>es preostes rede HOM. I. 31 ; 
eftcr ))an after that 1 1 ; efter fan {>et fe mon 
bi^ dead 5 1 ; efter ))et he have^ idon Angl. 
1. 17 ; efter mine heorte * secundum cormeunC 
A. R. 56; efter his dea¥e 314; efter ))an 
AYENB. 24 ; efter wrake ... it criis C. M. 
1 130; heo biheld after Kath. 1877; and 
after fohte hu heo mihte answere finde O. & 
N. 469 ; hit tidde after Will. 198 ; Paul com 
efter hom. I, 41. 
after-olap, sb.,=Z^2/. achterklap ; afterclap^ 
Ar. & Mer. 499. 

aftir-oomer, sb., WiCL. GEN. xxi. 23, 
after-del, sb.,=Z^//. achterdeel ; disadvan- 
tage, Wr. DiCT. 34. 

after-ende, sb., latter end, HOM. II 
199. 



efter-li», sb., eft 0,E. aeftera li«a; July, 
Marh. 23. 

after-tale, sh,,^ M,Du, achtertale ; defama- 
tion, Bek. 627. 
efter-tellere, sb., ayenb. 58. 
after-ward, adv., 0,E, aefterweard; after- 
ward, afterwards, H. M. 37 ; Orm. 14793 ; 
afterward Bek. 119; be weren efterward 
mine milce that sought after my mercy 
HOM. I. 45 ; P. s. 333 ; efterward ayenb. 24 ; 
afterwardes Brd. 10. 

eeftere, adj., 0,E, aeftere, aeftra, = 0,H,G. 
aftero; after, following: on |>am aefteren 
restedaige Lk. vi. i ; on his efter tocome 
HOM. I. 95. 

ffifterUngy sb., f descendant*, sfterlinges (pL) 
Laj. 191 16. 

eefte-ward, adv., O. >?.aefteweard; afterward ; 
on aefte-, aftewarde frag. i. 

ffigede, sb. (cf egede, adj.) ; f folly ; in aegede 
(aegaede) & in le^kes Orm. 2166, 8046. 

sehtey see eahte. 

sehte, sb., 0,E, aeht, = Goth, aihts, 0,H.G. eht, 
from fth ; possession, property, cattle ; aehte, 
ahte, aihte, Laj. 845, 373, 1078 ; aeihte frag. 
6 ; ehte Alis. 1507 ; sio ehte LK. xx. 14 ; be- 
tacte heom his ehte (earlier version aehta) M at. 
XXV. 14 ; ehte, echte hom. I. I47 ; for his 
ehte (ms, hehte) lure 103 ; moni mon nafS 
ehta (?pl,) 113; ehte, eicte (printed title) 
p. L. S. viii. 21, 131 ; eihte A. R. S14; MISC. 
116; e^te PROCL. 6; eijte P. L. S. xvii. 
472; eijte [aihte] lure O. & N. 115J; eahte 
Sax. chr. 253 ; on ))ere weor(l)dliche eahte 
HOM. 1. 191 ; ahte Kath. 1725 ; spec. 46 ; (ms. 
ahhte) Orm. 1609 ; hise agte and erve gen. 
& ex. 742; aght TowNL. 11; aihte misc. 
60; binimeb hem hwile oreif hwile o¥er 
aihte REL. I. 128 (HOM. II. 161); auhte, 
auqhte, aucte Hav. 531, 1223, 2215 ; aught 
S. S. (Web.) 738 ; P. S. 256 ; comp. qvic-di^te. 
eiht-gr&diy adj.,^r^^^ of property, HOM. 1 1. 
29. 

aihte-leSy adj., destitute of property, hom. 
II. 29. 

ffiij see Sni. 8eie» Bdi^e^ see e^e. 

»iSer, pron. & adv. (for *Br^ehweper), O.E, 
seghwa^r,aeg¥er, = 0,H,G, eogihwedar, mod, 
Eng, either ; either (ecu:h of two, any one of two) ; 
or ; aei^r [aij)er] wende to his hole LA5. 1 5982 ; 
aei^r deade men and qviken (r. qvike) 7990 ; 
ei))er 1892; &^tx heore Orm. 413 ; ei^er 
HOM. I. 223 ; eijfer, eij»er Will, ioio, 
1240; ei^Ser Kath. 1983; eiYer gen. & 
EX. 2855 ; HOM. I. 21 ; eour eij)er I. 15 ; to 
ei)>er limped his dole A. R. 10 ; on eiber side 
Rob. 17 ; eij)er ... or Ch. C. t. A 1645 ; 
in felde ei))er in toune H. s. 996 ; eiber, aijier 
O. & N. 7, 796; Langl. B ix. 85; aij)er 
TREAT. 139; ay))er Mat. xiii. 30; Hav. 
2665 ; S. S. (Wr.) 787 ; eider, aider ayenb. 



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j^rendien. 



53,66; efer of 50U Degr. ii 77; er E. G. 
31 ; fare he noijS er fere he su^ rel. I. 211 
(MISC. 4) ; eij^ers (gen.) Will. 1014. 

«l0f Bdlchf see aighwilo. 

oeldey see elde. eeldre^ see eldre. 

s-lenge, elinge, adj., O.E. aelenge Alfr. p. 
C.^iypro7)£ng, (Kent) ellinge ; distant, lonely , 
wretched, La^. 15190; elenge P. R. L. P. 85 ; 
elenge, elinge Trev. VII. 341 ; elenge [eling] 
Langl. B prol. 190 ; elinge LEG. 183 ; s. A. 
L. 160 ; elenge [alenge] Ch. C. t. Z> i 199 ; ye 
libbe]> an alenge lif S. S. (Web.) 227. 
elenge-liche, ?iAv.y wretchedly, Langl. j5xii. 
45. 

fleniy see am. cende^ see ende. 

«ne, adv., O.E. aene ; once ; ene hom. I. 15 ; 

0. & N. II07 ; MISC 83 ; P. L. S. xxi. 29 ; REL. 

1. 113 ; LEG. 81 ; for ene and for evere LA5. 
20462 ; at ene at once Rob. 47 ; LEG. 37 ; 
MISC. 227 ; MiRC 82. 

snes, 2i&v^=0JI.G. eines, OX.G,, O.Fris, 
enes, enis ; once, Sax. chr. 248; Laj. 
29325 ; Orm. 1078 ; enes hom. I. 37 ; misc 
78 ; RoR 197 ; Jos. 25 ; enes o¥er twies 
A. r. 70 ; et enes 420 ; enis P. s. 203 ; enus 
AUD. 43 ; enes {aliqvando) J)u sunge o. & N. 
1049; eanes H. M. 11; enes anes hom. 
11.67, 109; anes Kath. 126; Iw. 292; 
ones GEN. & EX. 3288 ; treat. 132 ; MljiC 
638 ; Will. 195 ; Mand. 221 ; at ones Hav. 
1295 ; Shor. 145 ; Ch. C. t. A 765. 

»ni [P&ni], adj., 0,E, aenig {ullus, aliqvis),= 
OJFris, enich, enig {ullus), OX,G, enag (uni- 
cus), OM,G^ einig, einago {unicus, ullus, 
aliqvis), Goth, ainaha (unicus); any ; aeni Sax. 
CHR. 253; aeny, ani J>ing ^ aliqvid' Mat. 
V. 23, xxiv. 17 ; anig man Mk. ix. 30; enig, 
eni Angl. VI I. 220 ; aeni, aei, ei LA5. 2392, 
4270, 6663 ; eni Kath. 1267 ; treat. 133 ; 
Shor. 30; ayenb. 16; Will. 1077; eni 
)>ing o. & N. 720 ; eni god man 1015 ; eni, 
ei A. R. 8, 64 ; Fl. & Bl. 301, 813 ; eni, eani, 
ei HOM. I. 13, 33, 185 ; eni, ani, oni Ch. C. 
t. ^ 198 ; anij Orm. 1761 ; ani leechd. III. 
96; gen. & ex. 2181 ; Hav. 10; TRiST.374; 
ani, oni HOM. II. 19, 43; oni PROCL. 6; 
Mand. 2 ; ei r. s. v ; enies {gen, m, n,) 
HOM. I. 121 ; Shor. 95 ; eis [eanies] weis 
Marh. 13 ; dnigen (dat,m, n,) leechd. III. 
84; anigen Mat. xvi. 26 ; eie A. R. 202 ; Sine 
(ace, m,) LA5. 3692 ; die (ace./?) Laj. 6616 ; 
enle (nom. pL) ayenb. 68 ; anie o^re H. M. 
7 ; onie PROCL. 6. 

[ser-y prefix, = or- ; see »r-wene, -witte.] 

»r, adv. & prep., 0,E. ^x,^0,L.G., O.Fris., O. 
H.G. er, Goth, air (nprn), O.N. ar, fnod.Eng. ere ; 
early, before; rather; FRAG. 5 ; P. L. S. viii. 7 ; 
ar, er, ar (ffor aer) LA5. 372, 655, 1 581 ; aer 

Sa j)at ifel com him to Orm. 8151 ; aer }>an he 
ren waere 814 ; ar & late 6242 ; er treat. 
136 ; H. H. 222 ; swa er swa (as^oon as) hi hit 



habbe^ HOM. 1. 105 ; a lutel er 93 ; er crist wes 
iboren 15 ; er ure drihten come to fisse live 9 ; 
er dei before day 39 ; er timan before the time 
105; er ^n previously 27; er ))isse 11; 
er |>onne 37 ; er \on ^t heo toferden 93 ; 
ear 17 ; alse ich er seide A. R. 10 ; er to sone 
)>en to leate 20 ; to er o¥er to leate 338 ; ear 
we weren vorgulte 388 ; er and late spec 99 ; 
er he were ded CHR. E. 462 ; er dai Bek. 
1227 ; er, ere, ear, ar O. & N. 859, 1216, 1309, 
1560, 1637 ; er, ar Jos. 122, 243 ; er, or 
Horn (L.) 535, 553 ; spec 72, 94 ; Will. 
147, 1612 ; Ch. C. t. .4 36 ; Man. (F.) 
2769, 5094 ; er [ar, or] dai Langl. A v. 
232, B\. 459, C viii. 66; ear Kath. 368; 
ear, or gen. & ex. 47, 48 ; ar leechd. III. 
94; hom. II. 43; Degr. 253; av. Arth. 
iii ; aar Alis. 5033 ; ar, or Trev. I. 131 ; Iw. 
66, 1030 ; or Hav. 1043 ; Egl. 256 ; or E. w. 
I ; 3ar, jer Guv (Z.) 4570, 10434. 

&r-daweBy sb., pL, O.E. aerdagas = O.L.G. 
erdagos, O.N. ardagar ; former days : are 
dawes Hav. 27. 

dr-dede, sb., O.E. serdaed ; former deed; 
erdede hom. II. 153; for )>ine drdSden 
[erdede] (pi.) La^. 8745. 

ear-liohy adj., = O.N. arligr ; early, A. R. 
258; earliohe, [O.E. serllce] (adv.) Kath. 
n6; erliche Bek. 905; Will, 1296; erli 
Ch. C. T. .433; arliche S. S. (Web.) 204; 
orli Man. (H.) 32. 

ftr-moxwe, sb., O.E. aermorgen ; early morn- 
ing : an armorwe Halliw. 84 ; on ememar^en 
(^rermar3en) HOM. I. 115 ; an ememorewe 
MISC 45. 
sardy see eard. ®re, see eare. Are. 
serendOy Grande, sb., O.E. asrtnde,^ O.L.G. 
arundi, O.N. erendi, 6rindi, eyrindi, O.H.G. 
arunti ; cf. Goth, airus (messenger) ; errand; 
aemde, emde, erende, arunde jearende] La^. 
142 1, 10057, 24838, 25266; erende O. &. N. 463 ; 
Horn (L.) 462 ; erinde a. r. 246 ; erande Bek. 
1234 ; Ch. d. Bl. 134 ; arende rel. 1. 130 (hom. 
II. 167) ; arunde Em. 8 ; emde R. s. iv ; Rob. 
147 ; p. s. 329 ; Amad. (R.) xx ; {ms. ermde) 
Orm. dedic. 159; emde, erande, arende 
Langl. A iii. 42 (B iii. 41 has message) ; erand 
Trist. 847 ; erond Degr. 904 ; erdne gen. & 
EX. 787; (ms. herdne) Horn (H.) 480; 
Srendee (gen^ mon La;. 24862. 

6rinde-bere, sb., messenger, A. R. 60 ; erand- 
bere (ms. herandbere) REL. I. 146. 

drende-beorere, ^.^messenger, A. R. 60*. 

ibrend-rdke, sb., O.E. aerendraca = O.N. 
erindreki; messenger. La;. 660; erendrake 
HOM. II. 35 ; drendr&ken (//.) Lk. xiv. 

32. 
^rendien, v., O.E. aerendian,= (9.Z.CP. arun- 
dian, O.H.G. arinton ; intercede for, commend : 
and bad heom amdien him to haeh^en )>an 
kingen La;. 23315; dmde (imper.) me 
to pi leve laverd Kath. 2158 ; emde me fe 

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Arendien* 



80t-g&n« 



blisse of heovene A. R. 38 ; emde us hevene 
liht SPEC. 62. 

dr(e)ndingey sb., intercession, mediation, 
MISC. 190, 191 ; emdunge Marh. 23 ; em- 
dinge HOM. I. 207 ; Horn (L.) 581 ; emding 
SPEC 58. 

»rery adv., 0,E. aeror,=(9./f.C?. eror, Goth, 
airis; earlier, sooner, Laj. 25351 ; al swo hit 
was erur bispeke o. & N. 1738 ; erer P. R. L. P. 
221 ; fe erur HOM. II. 61. 
ftrre, adj., O.E, 2erra,=(9./^rw. erra, O.H,G. 
eriro, Goth, airiza ; former, A. R. 10* ; earre 
H. M. 7; hire erure [erore] freond R. S. v; 
MISC 173 ; l>e eror wif ROB. 324. 

eeresty adv., 0,E, serest, aerist, = 0,LG,, 0,H,G. 
erist ; first, Laj. 18 ; erest O. & N. 683 ; Misc. 
38 ; Jos. 56 ; alra erest }>u me scalt don riht 
HOM. I. 33 ; )>et ich erest seide A. R. 220 ; 
Jjeonne on erest biginne^ be deoflan to weden 
264 ; erst, arst Ch. C. t. A 776 ; erst [arst] wil 
i wite more Langl. B iv. 105 ; at erst [arst] 
Ch. C. t. E 985 ; on earst Marh. 14 ; arest 
Lk. ix. 61; arst Will. 3046; misc. 198; 
(a)tarst Hav. 2688 ; orest GEN. & EX. 2061. 
dreste [ereste], adj., 0,E, 2ereste,=0./f.(7. 
eristo ; first, earliest, La^. 2646 ; )>et ereste 
HOM. 1.75; J>e ereste dole a. R. 8 ; ure earste 
ealdren Kath. 885. 

8drhy see ai^. 8army see earm. 

8dr-wene, adj.,=^.-£'. orwene; hopeless, de^ 
sperate, Laj. 27537. 

8ar-witte, adj., tvitless, La^. 22069. 

8B8ty see east. 

»t, prep., 0,E,, 2^X,=0,L.G., O.N., Goth, at, 
OJFris, et, 0,H,G, az, ez, Lot, ad ; a/ : aet |>are 
sae Mk. iv. i ; aet Lundene procl. 7 ; aet |)ire 
dure FRAG. 6 ; et }>en fontstone 8 ; aet Cristes 
msesse Sax. chr. 255 ; at Wudestoke 251 ; aet 
his sadele La^. 6473 ; aet ))e o'Ser haelve 6474 ; 
he nom raed aet (sec, text of) his monnen 1648; 
ic wolde iwiten aet [sec, text of) J>e 9132 ; J)at 
hit at ])e to^n atstod 27631 ; at hire heonomen 
laeve 1271 ; hwil he bi^ at hame h. M. 31 ; at 
his borde O. & N. 479 ; at |>an ende 826 ; at 
sume sibe herde ich telle 293 ; at undren misc. 
34 ; at pon ende ^Z ; sat at borde Horn (L.) 
827 ; Jjej he at di}>e laie 1252 ; leve at (of) hire 
he nam 585 ; at te laste treat. 139; beginne 
at his heved P. L. S. vi. 13 ; at te cherche 
Will. 1961 ; at cherche ayenb. 56; ate (==at 
te) daie of dome 13 ; it was ten at the [te] 
clokke Ch. C. t. ^ 14 ; at o worde (with one 
word) G 1360 ; she dorst(e) at no wight asken 
it Ch. Tro. iv. 672 ; al fat \€\ han a do R. R. 
5080; j>e word was at («//M) ^apud^ god WiCL. 
JOHNi. I ;at(wj.att) heore rihte time Orm. 216; 
Crist woldefulhtned beon at santjohaneshande 
10655 ; i shal hafen . . . god laen at god Orm. 
DEDia 143; ))er Moises fette be lahe at (from) 
ure laverd Kath. 2500 ; mai ne no leve at hire 
taken GEN.&EX.2697 ; esnoghtat (/<7)laine Iw. 
703 ; he rad in et j)an esthete HOM. 1. 5 ; et sume 



time 151 ; up et (to) mine chinne 35 ; )m most 

bi^eten milce et J>ine drihtene 33 ; iwite^ et 

ower meiden A. R. 64 ; et te dome Marh. i 5 ; 

he schal have a do . . . wi]> hem Mand. 132 ; 

with wimmen have thou nat a do LiDG. M. p. 

66; \tx ben ate seve sij)e twenti ^ate Fl. 

& Bl. (H.) 613 ; & lokede out )>er ate P. L. S. 

xiii. 340 ; at after soper Ch. C. t. /^302. 
»t, sb., 0,E, set, = 0,L,G, at, MJ)u, aet, 0,H,G, 

az (n,),from6ten;food; Ste (dat,) ORM.7852; 

on drunke & on ete P. L. S. viii. 130 ; on ete 

o^r on wete HOM. 1. 103 ; ate II. 228 ; comp, 

ofer-, or-dt (-et). 
8at-b^en, v., O.E. aetberan,=C7^/A. atbairan 

(irpo<r(l>€p€iv) ; dear away : a wolf his o))er child 

atbar (fret) L. N. F. 214. 
8at-blenohey v., escape, misc 79 ; leg. 166 ; 

£rom \t> dreorie dea¥ ne mai no inon atblenche 

R. S. V. 
eet-breiden, v., 0,E, aetbregdan ; snatch away, 

eetbruden (pret.pl.) Lk. xi. 52 ; aBtbroiden 

(pple.) Mat. xxi. 43 ; atbroide o. & N. 1380. 
sat-br^ken, v., break away ; atbrsM (pret.) 

LA5. 1346 ; etbrec A. R. 48 ; etbreken (pi.) 

172 ; etbrdken (pple.) Marh. 16 ; er he were 

him atbroke MiSC 44. 
ffit-bresten, v., O.E. aetberstan ; durst away; 

atbresteS (pres.) HOM. II. 197; (ms. at- 

brested) rel. I. 224; atbrast (pret.) Orm. 

14734; atbroBten (pple.) REL. I. 222. 
8dt-oreopen, v., creep away :)«... weoren 

atordpene La^. 5671. 
flot-onineni v., escape; atkam (pret.) rel. I. 

234. 
8at-ddrien,*v., lurk, escape notice : nis J>er non 

}«t heom atd6pe}> Misc. 153. 
8Bt-ealden P v. : )>e weren bo^ teames ateald 

(fpast the age) HOM. II. 133. 
edt-eowen, v., O.E. aeteowan, -y wan ; show, 

appear; atdowede (pret.) MAT.ii.7; ateawede 

xvi. I ; atewede ii. 13 ; atewde Mk. ix. 4; ]>a 

ateoden (r. ateode) him ure drihte La^. 29620; 

at(e)awed (pple.) HOM. I. 225. 
ffit-faUeziy v., O.E. aetfeallan ; fall away ; »1>, 

atfiEOlen (pple.) Laj. 4237, 8995 ; me is . . . 

moni crume etfallen A. R. 342 ; atfalle R. S. vii. 
8dt-f&ren, v., escape ; atfaren LA5. 27071. 
8Bt-fleony v., O.E. aetfleon iflee away; etfleon 

A. R. 172 ; etflihS (pres.) A. R. 48 ; atflih|>, 

atfli)> O. & N. 37 ; atfleh (pret.) Laj. 5209 ; 

atflaeh Orm. 19(539; etfluwen a. r. 172; at- 

flowen LA3. 2480 ; etflowen (pple.) A. R. 48 ; 

atflowen La^. 27071*. 
sat-fdn, v., 0.E, aetfon; receive; atfSngen 

(Pret,) LA5. 15359. 
SBt-fdrezLy prep., 0,E. aetforan; before, Lk. x. 8 ; 

FRAG. I ; aetforen ure isworene redesmen PROC. 

8 ; atforen LA5. 2252 ; etforen HOM. 1. 41 ; A.R. 

226 ; atvore alle o))er Rob. 351. 
8at-gan, v., O.E. aetgangan,«=(7<7M. atgaggan ; 

go from : far fore ich ^nche hire atgo Misc. 



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CDt-g&IL 



ffit-wlten. 



11 



i6i ; atg§)> ipres,) misc. ioi; (heo)atga^ HOM. 

1.35; atg6th(»w.atgoht) SPEC. 48 (a.D. 188); 

^h his wele^ him atgo [)>eih his eihte him 

ago] REL. I. 176; when mi lif is me atgo 

Qfile.) SPEC. 74. 
89trglideD9 v., glide away ; atglide Angl. IV. 

198. 
fldt-hilden, v., retain^ La^. 9176; at-, ethalden, 

-holdan HOM. I. 47, 91 ; etholden cwide o¥er 

fundles o^r lone A. R. 208 ; atholde o. & N. 

695 ; M. T. 96 ; ath4l8t (pres.) ROB. 193 ; 

ethalt A. R. 246 ; atheold (pret) Laj. 768 ; j?e 

niht^ale in hire )}ohte atheold al )>is o. & N. 

392 ; etheold, atheld Kath. 99 ; athuld Rob. 

62 ; ath^lden (ppie,) H. M. 39. 
flBt-hinden, adv., behind, (ms, athenden) rel. 

I. 179 (MISC. 123). 
flBt-l&ten, v., f remit ; edie ben alle l>o }>e here 

giltes ben atldten (ppie,) HOM. II. 69. 
®t-la8ien, v., become odious ; atl&t^ed (pple,) 

La;. 2258. 
®t-ledeD, v., O.E, stliedan ; lead away ; atle- 

den La;. 3200. 
fldt-licheny v., dissemble : )>a lette he hine at- 

lichen LA3. 6621. 
CBt-liggen, v., 0,E, aetlicgan,=6^<7M. atligan 

(vapaK€l<rBai) ; lie without: )>at lond )>at is longe 

til^ atleien (pple,) rel. 1. 128 (hom. II. 161). 
8Bt-lutien, v., O.E. aetlutian ; hide oneself; 

etlutian A. R. 400. 
8Bt-r«eohen, v., reach at; snatch away ; at- 

rau^ht (pple>) leg. 42 ; who so ever he at- 

ranght Ar. & Mer. 4827 ; when al mi ro were 

me atraht spec 37. 
8Bt-rieden, v., f surpcus in counsel ; atrede 

Ch. C. t. a 2449. 
et-riden, v., ride away\ atrftd, atraed (pret) 

La;. 3M39- 
flBt-rine,v., 0,E. aethrinan; /^2^A ; attrine misc. 

53 ; etrineS (pres.) A. R. 50 ; »trftn (pret,) 

Mat. viii. 15 ; ^if he hine mid sweorde atran 

La;. 1554 ; ©trlnen (pple,) Mat. xiv. 36. 
SBt-rinnen, v., 0,E, 2etiman,=6^^M. atrinnan ; 

run away ; atreiine Ch. C. t. A 2449 ; aeteme 

Horn (H.) 907; atran (pret,) Orm. 1424 ; 

alam Shor. 149; atamde Rob. 539 ; after |)an 

Irisce )>ae U¥er eturnen (//.) La;. 18207 ; 

atsemden 191 19. 
flBtrruten, v., f escape ', )m ne miht nowar atrute 

O. & N. 1768 ; atroute s. A. L. 160; )>er nas 

prince ... fat him mijte atroute ROB. 7Z, 
et-Bdken, v., O.E, aetsacan; deny, renounce: 

ich atsake hine here La;. 28210; atadk (pret,) 

MISC 45 ; »ts5ken (pi,) Lk. viii. 45 ; atsoken 

[asoken] La;. 6101 ; bute hi here la;e asoke 

Horn (L.) 65. 

et-BOheiEUcen, v., escape; atsceken La;. 26516. 
et-soheoten^v., shoot awa^ (intrans, ) ; atachet 

(pret,) o. & N. 44 ; l^ah mi lif me beo at8oh6te 

1623. 



8dt-8§oheiiy v., seek ; atsechen La;. 13322. 

SBt-sitte, v., 0,E, aetsittan; resist, Hav. 2200 ; 
Rob. 137; asitte Octov. (W.) 1665; )>o he 
godes heste atseet (pret, subj,) c. L. 235. 

ffit-sliken, v., slip away; atslikez (pres.) A. P. 
i. 574. 

8at-slux>en, v., slip away : al min hope were 
et8l6pen (pple,) A. R. 148. 

8at-8priiigen,v., 0,E, aetspringan; springup; 
atsprong(e) (pple,) c. L. 152. 

SBt-spumen, v., 0,E, aetspuman; dash the foot 
against; Atspeme (pres, subj,) Mat. iv. 6 ; 
Lk. iv. II. 

sat-standen, v., 0,E, aetstandan, = Goth, at- 
standan (*Vi-, frapaor^vac), 0,H,G, azstantan ; 
standby, withstand: etstonden ^ stare* HOM. 
1. 129 ; ;ef ha etstonaen wuUe^ mine unwreste 
wrenches Marh. 14; atstonde O. & N. 750; 
Misc 144; ber he wolde atstonde [astonde] La;. 
2661 ; no fing mi;te hem atstonde [astonde] 
Rob. 20; he nolde nowhar atstonde (x/«^) Bek. 
335S ) \^ ^^^^ made (h)is stede astonde Fer. 
4235 ; etstondest (pres,) A. R. 236 ; atstdd 
( pret,) Horn (R.) 1455 ; ^^^' ^ 5 ; Ar^uratstod 
and biheold La;. 26073 ; when hem most ncd 
atstod Am. & Amil. 1728; astod rel. I. loi ; 
CHR. £. 62 ; atstonden (pple,) La;. 19853. 

8dt*8terten, v., start away ; etsterten A. R. 48 ; 
atsterten, atstirten Kath. 699, 2126 ; »t-, at- 
Bterte, -stiirte [ast(e)orte] (pret,) La;. 2316, 
4264, 12965 ; etstert (pple,) A. R. 48. 

set-stunteiiy v., stop, hinder; remain; ne 
etstunten ne etstonden J)e strenc^e of mine 
swenges Marh. 15 ; |>ah an etsterte us tene 
schulen etstunten J UL. 50 ; he atstimte [astinte] 
Rob. 168 ; hu J>at ufel wes atstunt La;. 31903. 

ffit-stutten, v., tarry; atstutte [etstutte] 
(pret,) Kath. 23 ; atstutten H. m. 21. 

edt-wappen, v., f escape; atwappe (pres,) 
A. P. ii. 1205 ; atwaped (pret,) Gaw. 1167. 

8dt-wendeny v., escape; atwende o. & N. 1427; 
Merlin him SBtwende (pret,) La;. 18 176. 

flBt-winden, v., C^.^.aetwindan ; escape; depart, 
cease; atwinden La;. 10003; atwinden Orm.» 
8004 ; atwand, atwond ( pret,) La;. 874243 ; 
¥is unweder ¥or atwond gen. & ex. 3058 ; 
atwiinden [atwonde] (pple,) La;. 12869. 

8dt-witen,v., 0,E,3^X^\t2in,mod,Eng,ivnX; re- 
proach with ; atwite Shor. 98 ; ayenb. 198 ; 
hwi ichal he me his sor atwite O. & N. 1234 ; 
awite rel. I. 157 ; atwit (pres.) La;. 25023 ; 
AYENB. 66 ; etwiteS (imper,) A. R. 70 ; etw&t 
(pret,) Kath. 2364 ; atwot S. S. (Web.) 1876 ; 
(heo) atwiste Fl. & Bl. 590; M. T. 105; 
atweste [atwitede] ROR 33 ; atwiten La;. 
26584; atwiten (pple,) La;. 19594; atwiten 
o. & N. 935; atwite Ar. & Mer. 9250; 
atwist Halliw. 109. 
atwitinge, sb., reproach, ayenb. 65. 

SBt-witen, v., depart : and god atw6t (pret,) 
into hise li;t gen. & ex. 1049. 

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12 



set-wrenohen. 



afforoe. 



8Bt-wrenchen, v,^ escape \ etwrenchen Marh. 

15 ; atwrenche o. & N. 248. 
6B)>y see eaS. 
8dCel,sb., 0,E, ae¥el (//.aByelu),= a/rw.ethel, 

O.L.G., O.N. a¥al, 0,H.G. edil, adal («.) ; 

natural disposition^ nobility, honour: ajjiel 

SPEC. 33; mid ae¥ele help his broker Laj. 

9263; a|>ele (pi.) ^ natura^ Halliw. 105; 

a¥ele, ae^len, a%elen Laj. 3751, 10629, 129 15. 
SSely see ej'el. 
edtSele, seSel, adj., O.E, ae^le,=6>.Z.t7. a^l, 

eKili, a/^r/j. etheJ, O.H.G. adal, edel ; noble, 

generous, Laj. 661, 6528; a))el Gaw. 241; 

A. p. ii. 761; sum ajiel man Orm. 611; 

se a¥ele refe Mk. xv, 43; aSel (sb.) prince 

LA5. locjoi ; a¥ele (nobly) iborene Laj. 

26746 ; ttoeles (gen, n) La^. 16544 ; aSelere 

(dat.f.) LA3. 30216 ; sSele (pi.) LA5. 4864 ; 

afele O. & N. 632 ; hire e¥ele vif wittes A. R. 

172 ; aSeles (sb.) noble men LA3. 7852 ; aSelere 

(gen.pl.) Laj. 26695 ; atSelen (dat. pi.) LA5. 

27189; mid etele worde HOM. II. 125 ; »'5ele8t 

(superl.) Laj. 261 i ; atheliste D. Arth. 1593. 
8BJ>el-boren, adj., O.E. aB¥elboren,=C>.Z.Cr. 

a^alboran ; nobly bom, FRAG. 4 ; aethelboren 

Lk. xix. 12. 

ttSel-mddy adj., noble-minded, La^. 23255. 
fldCelien, v., O.E. (ge-)aB¥elian ; dignify, 

honour-, tt'Selede. a%elede (pret) LA5. 2815, 

6650 ; comp. ^e-8doelien. 
edj'elingy sb., O.E. aB¥eling,«= (9./>7>. etheling, 

O.H.G, ediling ; nobleman, frag. 2 ; abeling 

R. s. vi ; REL. I. 172 ; wo so were next kmg bi 

kunde me clupej* him a))eling ROB. 354 ; ej)e- 

ling Misa 106 ; ttSelinise (cUU. pL) La^ 874. 
seven, see dfen. seyere, see £fre. 
[»w] », sb., O.E. xw,x,=^O.Fris. ewa, O.H.G. 

ewa, eha, ea ; law, right, HOM. I. 227 ; Orm. 

145 ; feo aide e hom. I. 89 ; eae John vii. 19. 
£w-br8dohe, sb., O.E. aewbreca, -brica; 

\adulter,* FRAG. 5 ; eawbrekere [^M.H.G. 

ebrechaere] adulterer HOM. I. 29. 
3u-bruohe, sb., O.E. sewbryce; adultery, 
. HOM. I. 49 ; eawbruche H. M. 43* ; eaubruche 

A. R. 204; ewebruche HOM. II. 213. 
8dx, see eax. af, see ofl 
a-fseren, v., O.E, afseran ; terrify ; afere ROB. 

22 ; Fer. 387 ; Langl, 5 xx. 165 ; Rich. 

4104 ; |>u miht mid ))ine songe afere alle )>at 

here)) fine ibere o. & N. 221 ; af&rde (pret.) 

Wart. hist. I. 16; averde [aferdej La^. 

25554 ; aiSered, avaered, afeared (pple.) LA5. 

3076, 12730, 17057 ; afered HOM. I. 53 ; A. R. 

326; spec. 85 ; Gow. II. 21 ; aferd Ch. C.t. 

A 628 ; Mand. 294 ; Townl. 28. 
a-f alien, v., O.E. afeallan,=6^./r.6^. erfallan ; 

fall down : ower prude schal avalJe o. & N. 

1685 ; avalleS (pres.) A. R. 246 ; afSol (pret.) 

HOM. I. 223 ; LA5. 31967 ; afisdlen (pple) 

HOM. I. 205; ]>i wal is afallen La^. 15949; 

afalle REL. II. 272 ; Trev. V. 199. 



a-fJEtndien, v., O. E. afandian ; try, temp 

afonde P. L. s. xxii. 12 ; afonde|:> (pres.) Shor. 

73 ; a£anded (pple.) P. L. S. viii. 75*. 
a-fangen, v., receive-, afonge o. & n. 1196; 

Alis. 606 ; ^at seint Michel ous mote afonge 

and tofore him lede treat. 140 ; he avange)> 

(pres.) Shor. 50. 
a-fdren, v., O.E. a£a.ra.n,== O.H.G. arfaran ; 

depart', a£6.re ( pple.) LA5. 13533*; as )>(e) 

emperour fram home was afare P. L. S. xix. 

177. 
a-f§deny v., O.E. a,fGdaii;feed; attdde (pret.) 

HOM. I. 227. 
afel, sb., O.E. afol, O.N. afl ; power: ))oh it litel 

be it hafej) mikel afel Orm. 3717. 
a-fellen, v., O.E. afellan, afyllan,=a//:c;. 

irfellen ; fell, throw down, Kath. 689 ; avel- 

len [afallen] A. R. 122 ; afelle Alis. 5240 ; 

afelde [afulde] (pret.) Laj. 22814 ; afelled 

[availed] (pple.) LA5. 2069 ; afallet Marh. 11. 
a-fermien, v., O.E. afeormian ; sweep clean : 

mid besme afermed (pple.) Lk. xi. 25. 
a-ferren, v., O.E. afyrran ; remove ; aferrede 

(pret.) Fer. 5565; aferred (pple.) Mat. 

ix. 15. 
affaiten, v., O.Fr. afaitier ; affect j fashion, 

prepare; fit up, adorn; tame, subdue ; Langl. 

B V. 49 ; afaiti Rob. 179 ; Shor. hi ; afeited 

(pple) A, R. 284 ; afaited ayenb. 212. 
affeooiun, sb., (f printed affectiun), O.Fr. 

affection ; affection, a. R. 288 ; aflfeccioun 

ayenb. 151 ; Ch. C. T. -ff 586. 
afl(§re,v., O.Fr. aferir; pertain: afR^ris (pres.) 

Barb. i. 162 ; a£ELered (pret.) Mer. 225. 
affermey v., O.Fr. afermer; affirm, Man. 

(H.) 316 ; LiDG. M. P. 132 ; afFermed (pple.) 

Ch. C. t^ a 2349. 
afOAunoe, sb., affiance, Langl. ^xvi. 238; 

Gaw. 642. 

afflche, v., Fr. afficher ; fix, Gow. II. 211. 
affle, v., O.Fr. affier ; trust, R. R. 5480 ; afied 

(/r^/.) Alis. 7351. 
affle, sh., trust, Fer. 2167. 
afiHe, v., Fr. affiler ; whet, Ch. C.t. A 712. 
afflnite, sb., O.Fr. affinity ; affinity, Shor. 70. 
affliooiony affliccionny sb., O.Fr. affliction ; 

affliction, WiCL. EX. iii. 7. 
affluence, sb., Fr. affluence ; affluence, s. a. l. 

81. 
affluent, adj., copious, flowing in, GuiL.^ (n. 

E. D.). 
aflbdille, afHEUlille, sb., med.Lat. affodillus, 

Gk. dail>oBt\6s ; daffodil, PR. P. 7. 
aflbrce, v., O.Fr. aforcer, esforcer,^(?w med. 

Lot. exfortiare ; force, compel, try, PR. c 4253 ; 

devells [>at afforoes (pres. pi.) tham (en- 

deavour) to reve fra us the honi of poure life 

Hamp. tr. 8; aforoede (pret.) Rob. 121 ; 

afforsit (strengthened) D. Troy 6593. 



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afforoe. 

afforce, adv., fFr, k force ; forcibly^ l>y force ^ 
DEP. R. iv. 21. 

affirai, sb., O./^r.esfrei ; attack; alarms fright^ 
Man. (F.) 9054 ; affrai, afrai Ch. C. t. /) 2156; 
afrai LiDG. M. p. 116. 

aff^raieiiy v., O.Fr, esfraer, -freer, med.Lat, 
exfridare (LcU, ex out of, Teutonic fri^u-s 
peace) ; startle^ frighten^ P. s. 333 ; afraie, 
affraie Ch. C. t. ^ 455 ; afraied {pple!) 
Will. 2158; m. h. 21 ; aflfraid Shor. 158. 

afln, adv., Fr, k fin ; tj/ the end, K. T. 780 ; 
afine Ar. & Mer. 50 ; R. R. 3690. 

a-finden, v., 0,E, afindan, = a//;G^. irfindan ; 
find outf P. L. s. viii. 29 ; Laj. 25775 ; afinde, 
avinde o. & N. 527; avinde rel. I. 183; 
avinde (pres,) Fer. 757; afounde {pret.) 
OCTOV. (W.) 1659; afounde (pple.) Shor. 49. 

a-fle^en, v., 0,E, afllgan, 2Lfiygaxi, = O.H.G. 
arflaugen ; put to flight ; avleieS (pres,) A. R. 
136; aflei fram ham al uvel Kath. 2431 ; alio 
{>e seoven dea^liche sunnen muwen been 
avleied (pple,) J>uruh treowe bileave A. R. 248. 

a-flemen, v., O.E. aflyman; put to flight; 
avlem (pres, imper,) hom. I. 195 ; aflSmde 
{pret,) La^. 8465 ; aflemden Sax. chr. 252. 

aflen, v., O.N. afla ; get^ earn : avelen )>at men 
hem blescen hom. II. 159 ; his mede shal ben 
)>anne garked al se hit bea^ here aveled {pple) 
IBID. ; cnapechild is afled wel Orm. 7903. 

a-fleon, v., 0,E, afleon,=a^.a arfleohan; 

flee ; aflo^en (pple,) Fer. 3132 ; ))e king was 
afloje Laj. 19076* ; aflowe Trev. V. 429. 

aflight, adj., O.Fr, afflict ; afflicted, OCTOV. 
(W.) 191 ; Gow. I. 210. 

a-flfiht, sb., from afleon ; flight : aflOhte 
(dot) Kath. 2020 : in afflight Torr. 2043. 

afdlen, v., 0,Fr. afoler (affoler) ; befool\ af61ed 
(pple.) o. & N. 206. 

a-fdn, avdn, v., O.E. afon ; receive^ hom. I. 

131, 135; Laj. 8728, 14939; alle ^o J)at hi 

avoJ> o. & N. 843 ; av6uh (imper.) hom. I. 

197 ; afSng (pret,) B. Disc. 1401 ; aveng Rob. 

180 ; heo afengen hine mid sibbe Laj. 6580 ; 

afonge (pple,) Bek. 355 ; avonge Shor. 132. 
a-fdren, prep. & adv., O.E, onforan, afom ; be- 
fore ; Fulgenes him wes aforen [afom] on Laj. 

10413 ; afom PR. p. 7 ; bihinde & afom E. G. 

23 ; L. H. r. 150 ; afom (ms, affom) hem Fer. 

1080; afore )« king Langl, (Wr.) 2495; 

Gow. II. 88; Gam. 656 ; Octav. (H.) 1341 ; 

avore })et he come to ssrifte ayenb. 172; 

afome jSn opposite to Laj. 18528* ; ontrewe 

avore ie his Ihord 18 ; afore iens us Ch. Tro. 

ii* 1 139; afom ajens WiCL. Mk. xv. 39. 

afihre-ward, adv. & prep., in front (of) : 

Judas com avoreward Misc. 42; afforeward 

alle Fer. 3923. 

a^-fofr)>en, v., for jefor)>en ; afford: and jaf 
hem mete as he mijte aforfe Langl. B vi. 
201 ; aforthe Halliw. 27. 



a-jefen. 13 

afoundren, v., 0,Fr, affondrer, esfondrer; 

founder(ahorse)\B£o\m^Lte&(pple,) MAND.69. 
a-frainen, v., question : afreine pr. c. 

^Halliw. 26) ; affraine Fer. 2146; aflfralned 

(pret,) Langl. B xvi. 274. 
a-£reten, \,,=Ger, erfreszen ; devour: be devel 

huem aflretie P. s. 237. 
a-frijt, see afarhten. 
a-froimti, v., 0,Fr, affronter; aflfront, ayenb. 

229; afroimted, afronted (pret,), Langl. 

-5 XX. 5 ; an if a pore man speke a word he 

shal be foule afrounted p. s. 337. 
after, see sfter. 
a-ffilen, v., 0,E, afylan ; foul, pollute: bu heo 

afulestFRAG. 7; afiled (pple,) Alis. 1064. 
a-fiiUen, v., 0,E, afyllan,=aA^.a arfullan; 
///; afailed, afeolled (pple) Laj. 981 i, 19077 ; 

afelled Lk. i. 57. 

a-fOrhten, v., 0,E, afyrhtan, = 0,H,G, erfurh- 
tan; affright; afWjt (pple,) Will. 2784; 
Amad. (R.) xxxvii ; afrigct S. S. (Wr.) 2704 ; 
J)ai weren afrijte Fer. 138; afrought M. 
Arth. 73, 

arfiirsien, v., 0,E, afeorsian ; remove : nu \w 
bist afursed from alle J)ine freonden frag. 7. 
aj, see &. 

argeeten, v., f enrich: ageet (pple,) Shor. 

119. 
a-g&n, v., 0,E, agan, agangan ; depart, escape, 

pass; agon o. & N. 1280; an. lit. 90; ago 

R. s. i (misc. 156) ; ageS (pres,) hom. I. 

33 ; A. R. 184 ; agej) frag. 7 ; o. & N. 1453 ; 

fis worldes wele al ago)> rel, I. 160 ; agftn 
pple) Laj. 337; agon is al mi streinjie 
REL. I. 125 ; out agon Bek. 2193 ; hit is not 
longe agon K. T. 268 ; agon, agoon Ch. C, t. 
A 1782 ; ago P. s. 197 ; }>a aestre wes ajonge 
[agon] Laj. 24195 ; ajeonge 24241, 

a-gasen, v., ? = Goth, usgaisjan ; terrify, be- 
wilder : ))e were so sore agftsed Chest. I L 85. 

a-g&sten, v. (cf mod,Eng, aghast); terrify; 
agaste ROB. 17; Ch. Tro. ii. 901; hwu 
)>e ate(l)Iiche deovel schal jet agesten ham 
A. R. 212 ; agastiS (pres) h. m. 31 ; agasten 
Mand. 282 ; agaste (subj) WiCL. 2 paral. 
xxxii.i8; agaate (pret) Laj. 6451; Kath. 
1256 ; Cristofre him sore agaste P. L. s. xv. 
97 ; agaat (pple) an. lit. 91 ; Alis. 250 ; 
Will. 1778 ; Ch. C. t. A 2341 ; agest a. r. 
372 ; hi were agaste Brd. 8. 

age, sb., 0,Fr, aage, edage ; age^ MISC 35 ; 
HoRN(L.) 1324; Rob. 9; Shor. 63; Alis. 
7653. 

aje, see eje. 

a-jefen, ajeven, v., 0,E, Si^fan,=^0.//.G. 
ar-, er-, irgeban, Goth, usgiban ; give up, 
give back, render, deliver, hom. I. 29, 31 ; 
ajeven, ajiven Laj. 4698, 29052; ajeoven, 
ajeven Jul. 58, 59; aj»f (pret) Laj. 
20356 ; J>eps word ajaf J>e nihtegale O. & n. 



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14 



a-gefen. 



argr&pien. 



139 ; and andswere a3even (pL) LA5. 29740 ; 
til hi aiaven op here castles Sax. cur. 265. 

a^ein, see an^5n. 

a^einen, V. (from a^ein), = M.H,G, engegenen; 
encounter ; a^eineden {pret. pL) })ere verde 
Laj. 17854. 

a-^^lden, v., 0,E, agieldan, agildan ; yield up ; 
ajelde Fer. 5026; ajilde Trev. III. 431; 
a|ild {imper,\ ms, ayild) ])e to )>is knight 
Halliw. 126. 

a3en, v., 0,E, agan,=(9.Z,.6^. egan, 0,H,G, 
eigan, 0,N, eiga, Goth, aigan (<ix^w)ymod, Eng, 
owe ; from fih ; have, own, possess; owe; be 
under obligation \ LA3. 4061; a^hen Orm. 
6339; owen C. L. 132; awe (r. w, lowe) 
Hav. 1292 ; such a wif to owe Horn (H.) 
440; ftwe (pres.) c M. 7149); owe Hav. 
1666 ; ah^ Lk. xi. 21 (earlier text ah) ; 03e 
LA3. 3058* (first text ah) ; o^ ayenb. 9; owe! 
an. lit. 90; Ch. C. T. C361 ; we age^ HOM. 11 
41 ; owe^ Laj. 25320 (first text dL^tn) ; &waiid 
(pple,) Amad. (R.) lii ; &hte (pret.) [mod. 
Eng, ought], owned, owed, ought, HOM. I. 
31 ; Kath. 248 ; ahte, aute, ohte Laj. 2228, 
3525, 14402 ; ajte Gaw. 767 ; Amad. (R.) 
xiv ; agte GEN. & ex. 525 ; auhte, aucte, 
aute Hav. 743, 2717, 2800; )>is gold aughte 
sir Isambras IsuM. 659 ; ohte spec. 62 ; to 
makien hire cwene of aibet he ouhte A. R. 390 ; 
oujte Jos. 36 ; Langl. B iii. 68 ; ou^te, oughte 
Ch. C. t. ^ 1249 ; )m aujtest Bek. 352 ; ohtest 
FRAG. 6 ; )>u ^ulde ])et tu ouhtest A. R. 406 ; 
bet achten we to leven HOM. 1. 167 ; ]>a£nglene 
lond aerest ahten La^. 18; men }>at ahten to 
wite Kath. 263 ; we ahte p. s. 246 ; oujten 
Will. 1080. 

fi^ere» sb.=Z>a». eier, (MOLB. I. 209) ; pos- 
sessor*, ft^eres (pi) Shor. 99. 

^en, adj., OJEl, agen, segen (Alfr. p. c 4),«= 
OX,G. egan, 0,Fris. egen, ein, O.H,G, eigen, 
OJVl eiginn, Goth, aigin (».) ;from fih ; own : 
yin ajen heaved HOM. I. 29; ich sem ]>in 
a^n [own] mon La^ 28144 ; ^t wes heora 
a^en 1945 ; hire a^e [o^en] lif 3481 ; a^hen 
Orm. 363; |>in ahen hom. I. 277; ogen 
HOM. II. 27 ; ojen ayenb. 172 ; oje, owe, owe 
o. & n. 100, 259 ; oghe MISC. 30 ; awen Man. 
(H.) 182; ISUM. 63s; AV. Arth. Ivii; awin 
Iw. 583; awen, auen Gaw. 293, 836; aun 
CM. 6003 ; owen A. R. 158 ; gen. & ex. 120; 
ouen S. S. (Wr.) 2144 ; )ye kinges o^ne dorter 
Horn (L.) 249 ; his fth^enes ^nkes HOM. I. 
121 ; figenen (dot. m, n,) Mat. vii. 3 ; mid his 
a^ene mu^ HOM. 1. 133 ; a^ene, a^ne [owene] 
Laj. 335, 14200; ahne Kath. 409; ahene, 
owe o. & n. 1286; oune leg. 98; Ch. C. t. 
A 804 ; &3ere, ajre (dat, f) Laj. 308, 3941 ; 
owere REL. 1. 172 (misc. 106) ; fijene (ace, m,) 
Laj. 314 ; o^ene o. & N. 1341 ; fi^ene (acc.f!) 
HOM. I. 43 ; a^ene, ahene, o^ene o. & N. 1089, 
1542; |>urh his ahne mihte Kath. 1049; 
ft3ene [owene] (pL) Laj. 6877 ; ojene ayenb. 
33 ; ft^ene (dat,pl,) La). 17 18 ; fram his agene. 



manne Sax. chr. 255 ; owene a. R. 158 ; oune 

Hav. 2428. 
fiAen-BOld^a, sb., O.E. agenslaga; suicide, 

self-slayer, HOM. I. 103, 296. 
a-^eoten, v., 0,E, ageotan,= O./T.CP. argiuzan; 

pour out', agoten (pple,) HOM. 1. 127. 
a-gesse, v. (tfor gesse), guess, expect, Horn 

(L.) 1181. 
a-^eten, v., 0,E, agetan ; seize, attain,perceive ; 

to a^ytenne leechd. III. 94; ajite (ms, ajitte) 

(pres,) MISC. 193 ; comp, un-a^eten. 

a^ien, v,,from a^e (see eje) ; awe, terrify ; agh 
C. M. 12096; awe P. s. 156; awes (pres.) H. 
S. 1592. 

a-g^en, v., deceive ; agiled (pple,) P. L. S. xiv. 
67. 

a-ginnen, v., 0,E, aginnan (?=anginnan) ; 
commence; aginne o. & N. 1289; Horn 
(R.) 1285; ayenb. 32; s. s.(Web.) 1410 ; agun- 
nen [agynne] (riming with awinnen) LA3. 
18760; (we) aginnen [aginne] LA3. 26572; 
aginne)> (pres,) P. s. 189 ; aginne (subj,) 
A. R. 74 ; agin^ beaten Mat. xxiv. 49 ; agan 
(pret.) Shor. 53 ; agon [agan] hhx. 6753 ; 
agunnen (pi.) Lk. v. 21 ; agunnen [agonne] 
(pple,) Laj. 24086 ; agonne ayenb. 166. 
aginninge, sb., commencement, ayenb. 16. 

aglen, v., }==Dan, agle ; vaaVlate \or perhaps 
for a^en, see eilen], GEN. & ex. 3809. 

aglety aglot, sb., O.Fr, aglet ; tag of a lace, 
^acus^ PR. p. 8 ; aglot lud. Co v. 241. 

a'-gliden, 0.E, aglldan, ?=*andglldan, cf, M, 
Du, ontgliden, M,H,G, entgliten; glide away ; 
aglood (printed agleed, riming with be- 
strood) (pret,) LiDG. M. P. 116; ))e dent 
aglod Fer. 3384 ; agliden (pple) misc. 93. 

a-gliftexiy v., f terrify; as he stod so sore 
aglifte (pple,) h. s. 5590; )>enne were 
)« Romains al aglifte \o^ix\ Man. (F.) 
3402. 

a-glopnen, v., f astonish*, aglopned (pple,) 
Alex. 874. 

a^nien, v., 0£, agnian, = OJI,G, eigenen, 0,N, 
eigna ; from ft^en ; own, appropriate, claim ; 
ahnien [ohni] ^an kaisere Ar^ures riche La^. 
35359 ) ahnen Orm. 5649 ; fthnede [ohnede] 
(pret) Laj. II 864 ; comp, ^e-fi^nien. 
fi^ere, sb., = Ger, eigner ; owner, possessor ; 
owener w. & I. 22 ; 53enere8 (pi) ayenb. 
37. 

I^ninge, sb., 0,E, agnung, Slhnung; pos- 
session \ ojninge ayenb. 37. 

agonie, sb., Fr, agonie, from Gr, dyo^via ; 

<^gony, Ch. C. t. A 3452. 
a-grdmien, v., cf 0,H,G, ergremen; irritate ; 

agr&med (pple) Alis. 3310 ; B. DISC. 1916 ; 

PL. T. 291 ; agromed O. & N. 933 ; CHR. E. 

863 ; agremed Haluw. 33. 

a-gr&pieili \,,^OJI,G, irgreifon ; apprehend^ 



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agr&pieiu 



&-hwSr, 



15 



comprehend : after \dX \€\ cou^ agrope Gow. 

1.254, 
agreable, adj., OJ^r. aggreable; agreeable^ 

Ch. Q.T.B767. 
asreen, v., OJFr. agreer ; agree^ Ch. Tro. 

iii. 131. 
a-grei)>en, v., equips prepare; agrai|>iAYENB. 

148 ; agrei)>ed (ppie.) Will. 1598. 
agrei)>iiig, sb., dress \ agrai}>inge« {pL) 

AYENB. 216. 
agr^yen, aggreggin, v., O.Fr. agrevier, 

agregier ; aggrieve^ * aggrceuoj PR. P. 8 ; agr6- 

vith (pres,) LUD. Cov. 41 ; aggregith APOL. 

4 ; agr^ved {pple,) Will. 641. 
a-giillen, v., grieve : ful sore him schal 

agriUe Fer. 2195 ; nu ich mai singe hwar ich 

wulle ne dar me never eft mon agrulle O. & N. 

IlIO. 

a-grisen, v., 0.E, agrisan ; be horrified^ A. r. 
306 ; H. M. 31 ; ham schal agrisen Kath. 
2317; agrise R. S. v; Ch. C. t. /)i649; » 
agnse (pres,) sacr. 902; me agrise^ Laj. 
13328; agr&8 [agros] (jffret) La^. 11976; 
agros Rob. 549; Horn (R.) 1326; of which 
she nou^t agros Ch. Tro. ii. 930 ; agrisen 
{pi.) Jos. 236 ; ^ wur¥en he frigti and 
agrisen GEN. & EX. 667 ; agrisen (pple,) 
Marh. 9 ; Aus. 357 ; Man. (F.) 9611 ; agrise 
Rob. 539 ; ich am agrise Will. 1743. 

agroten, agrotnien, v., surfeit \ agrotonin, 
-tone ^ingurgito' PR. P. 8 ; agrotied {pple,) 
Ch. l. g. w. 2454 ; {^otonid PR. p. 8. 

a-gruweily v., }^Ger, ergrauen {impers,) : 
^t ou agr&wie {f printed agrupie) that you 
may be in dread A. R. 92. 

&gty agte, see hfiht. 

agoe, sb., O.Fr, (fievre) aigue ; ague^ PR. P. 8 ; 
LANGL.^xiii. 336. OL^J^JiJ. MO- 

a-g&ltan, v., 0.£, agyltan ; be in fault, hom. 
1. 17; agulte c l. 335 ; Langl. Bxv. 304; 
agelte ayenb. 15 ; hwon me agolteS to ou 
A. R. 186; agulte {pret.) SPEC. 112; agilte 
R. R. 5833 ; agnlt (pple.) P. L. s. viii. 6 ; R. s. 
ii ; Misa 58 : Rob. 252 ; agelt Will. 4391 ; 
gif man havetS wi¥ us agUt hom. II. 65. 

ah, see ao. 

&h, v., OJS, ah, B= OJ^ris. ach, Goth, aih 
(<X«>), 0.N, a {pret. pres.) ; have, owe, 
ought \ be mon ))e lutel ah LA3. 3058; 
god ah pe litel mede Orm. 16529; ah, ach 
hom. I. 139; wif ah [auh] lete sottes lore 
O. & n. 1471 ; ag Mat. xxiv. 47 ; agh c M. 
7149 ; agh, ogh HOM. II. 17 ; oh hom. II. 21 ; 
)>e more oh ich to lovie \^ SPEC. 70 ; ase mon 
ouh to donne A. R. 58 ; og GEN. & ex. i ; 'iSat 
us og alle to ben minde rel. 1. 216 ; i au {ms. 
aw, ffor awe) \^ honor Iw. 720 ; aw he )>e 
ani mare Am AD. (R.) xxiv; ]>u A^est hom. 
1. 15 ; La;. 16706 ; ahest H. M. 11 ; owest a. r. 
126; we A^An {pi.) \p.E. Ilgon] HOM. I. 21; 



we agen, ogen II. 57 ; we, heo s^en La;. 6150, 
25320; J)e treowj)e )>aet heo us ojen procl. 
4 ; ogen GEN. & ex. 15 ; je ohen R. s. v (Misc 
168) ; owen A. R. 82 ; we owen fourti pound 
Ch. C. t. Z> 2106 ; what ^e owen to do {v. r. 
shulen do) WiCL. EX. iv. 15 ; ;e awe Amad. 
(R.) i ; we owe Trist. 1005 ; l^e {subjunct.) 
La;. 28423 ; be devel him awe {m^. hawe) 
Hav. 1188 ; deriv. fi^en, dhte. 

a-hebben, v., O.E ahebban, = O.H.G. ar- 
heffen ; heave up, Lk. xviii. 13 ; ahef(t$) 
{pres:) HOM. I. 113 ; ah6vliide Kpple:) A. R. 
16 ; eJiof {pret.) La;. 21417 ; ahaef 7527 ; ahef 
Marh. 5 ; ah6ven {pple.) Kath. 2405. 

a-herden, v., O.E. ahyrdan ; grow hard; 
aherd {pple.) Mat. xiii. 15. 

ahnieiiy see Ayrden. 

a-holken, v., thrust out: aholeke {imper.) 
hit ut Mat. v. 29. 

a-hon, v., O.E. ahon, = O.H.G. ar-, er-, ir- 
hahan, Goth, ushahan ; hang up, La^. 20878 ; 
ahon him seolven Jul. 49; ahengen (pret.pl.) 
Sax. chr. 253 ; Mk. xv. 24 ; {printed 
ahongen) Marh. 3 ; ahangen {pple.) Mk. 
XV. 15 ; ahonge hom. I. 41 ; ahon Marh. 3. 

aht, adj., O.E. aht (itLFR. gram. 296) ; brave, 
valiant, worthy, frag. 2 ; ;ef he is wur))ful 
and aht man o. & N. 1481 ; aht, oht, ocht 
La;. 4317, 4863, 18355 {mis-written aeht 
7063) ; a;t [ought] Rob. ioi ; oht Kath. 
1727*; o;t Gaw. 2215; ohtne {ace. m.) 
La;. 23387 ; 6hte {nom.pl.) Laj. 4743 ; gode 
men & a;te ROB. 459 ; dhtere (gen.pl.) La;. 
18013 ; fthtere {compar.) La;. 4348. 
aht-, 5ht-liohe, adv., O.E. ahtliche ; bravely, 
La5- 797, 31141. 
dht-soipe, sb., valour, La;. 24671. 

ahty see awiht. 

ahte» see eabte. &hte, see Ahta. 

[ahtieiiy v., O.E. eahtian, ^ O.Fris. achtia, 
O.L.G., O.H.G. ahton, O.N. akta; consider, 
estimate ; comp. ;e-ahtien.] 

ahtlien, v., O.N. aetla, prov.Eng. ettle ; think, 
esteem, purpose ; arrange, set out; atlien La;. 
29063 ; atteli Will. 404 ; ahtU {pres.) m. h. 
xvii ; attle to schawe Gaw. 27 ; & J)er to ettle^ 
(aims) HOM. II. 79 ; atlien (we) to )>an kinge 
let us turn to the king La;. 25996 ; eghtild 
{pret.) PR. C. 5784 ; Brien him adede {tended) 
to La;. 30846 ; )>at Alixaundre wi]> his ost 
atlede bidire Wart. II. 104 ; aghteld (pple.) 
S. S. (Web.) 3053 ; hire te{> aren white ase 
bon of whal evene set ant atled al spec 35. 
ahtllnge, sb., estimation, La;. 25761 ; etlunge 
H. M. 39 ; wi'Suten ei etlunge [eatlunge] hom. 
I. 263. 

a-htLngren, \,,^M.H.G. erhungem ; famish ; 
ahungred {pple.) Langl. B x. 59*. 

a-hwser, adv., O.E. ahwser,= (?.//.(?. eohwar ; 
anywhere; awher Halliw. 122 ; awer, owar 
L. H. R. 30; owwhaer, owwhar Orm. 833, 



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i6 



&-hwdr« 



a-kemien. 



8472; owher Ch. C. t. ^653; ©where 

Gow. II. 349 ; ower ALIS. 5629; owhar Ar. 

& Mer. 7903 ; ouhwar A. R. 60 ; ouwhar 

(pn'n/ed onwhsLT) Will. 1820. 
a-hwenen, v., 0,E, ahwsenan ; trouble : her 

of )>e lavedies to me menej) and wel sore me 

ahwdne]> (pres,) O. & N. 1564 ; )>ah ich mid 

sojie heo awene 1258. 
a-hweorfen, v., 0,£, ahweorfan ; turn away ; 

awharf (pret:) Gaw. 2220. 
&-hwider, adv., 0,E, ahwider ; anywhither ; 

ohwider HOM. I. 247 ; ouhwuder A. R. 172 ; 

owhidre ^qvoqvam^ WlCL. 4 KINGS v. 25. 
aiy see a amd di. 
aiel, sb., O.Fr, aiel ; ancestor^ Ch. C. t. A 2477 ; 

aieles (//.) Langl. ^xv. 317. 
aighwanen, adv. {for *a-5ehwanen), 0,E, 

aeghwanan ; from all sidesy * undiqve^ Mk. 

i.45. 

aighwilo (^r*a-5ehwilc), »lch {/v *a-5elrc), 
pron., O.E. asghwylc, aelc, = 0,H,G, eogih welih, 
eogilTh, CFrt's. elk, ek; eacA, Mat. v. 22, 
vi. 34 ; aelc hefde his iwillen LA5. 1996 ; 
aelc an eacA one 13145 ; alch [ech] mon 
2512; elc, elch P. L. s. viii. 54, 56; aelch, 
elch HOM. II. 31, 149 ; ewe, euch Kath. 20, 
1231 ; euch A. R. 14; euch, ech o. & N. 
434, 975 ; ech TREAT. 132 ; Ch. C. t. A 
791 ; Tor. 2758 ; hi lovie)> ech oJ>ren avenb. 
268 ; SloheSy elches {gen, m,) LA3. 7644, 
9921 ; elches monnes hom. I. 99 ; eches 
Brd. 3 ; ewiloum, ewilche {dat, nu n,) 
HOM. I. 37, 93 ; eelchen Mat. xviii. 19 ; 
dchen, aelche [eche] Laj. 2511, 13826; 
echen ayenb. 13 ; eche O. & N. 800 ; dlchere, 
elchere (dot. f) Laj. 621, 1723; elchere 
HOM. I. 103; echere misc. 116; filene 
[echnel (ace. m.) Laj. 4386 ; Alohe, elche 
lacc.f) Mat. iv. 23, ix. 35 ; see je-hwilo, lie. 

aihte» see £hte. 

[aihwa, pron. (for ♦a-jehwa), O.E, seghwa, 
«= 0,H»G. eogahwer] ; eiwat, 0,E. aeghwaet ; 
f everyone, every thing, any things o. & N. 
1056*. 

aihweer, adv. (/5?r ♦a-jehwaer), 0,E. seghwser, 
B= 0,H,G, eogihwar; everywhere \ aewher, 
aeiwaer La^. 13372, 17827 ; ejjwhaer Orm. 
645 ; eihwer Kath. 1728; aihwer hom. 1. 271 ; 
aiwhere A. P. ii. 228 ; aihwar HiCRES I. 223 ; 
aihware HOM. II. 222 ; aiwhare PR. C. 8199 ; 
aiware o. & N. 216 ; aiwhare, -whore Man. 
(F.) 721, 6^85. 

aimen, see &inen. 

aimonty sb., /r.aimant ; adamant, ayenb. 187. 

air, sb., O.Fr. air, aer ; air, Mand. 312 ; air, 
aer Trey. IV. 139 ; air, eir a. r. 104 ; eir 
treat. 138. 

aire, sb., Fr, aire; aerie,eyry\ haukes of nobule 
eire Degr. 46. 

airexiy see eiren. 

aansSy adj., aerial, Ch. h. f. 964. 



aise, sb., 0,Fr. aaise, eise; ease*, eaise, eise 

A. R. 108, 1 14 ; eise ayenb. 48 ; Horn (R.) 

1265 ; ese Bek. 2233 ; ese, eese, ease Ch. C. t. 

^969. 
aiseS adj., />. aise ; ^ ease\ jif je beo^ eise 

[aise] A. R. 20. 
aisely see eisil. 
aisie, adj., O.Fr, aisid, aaisid; ectsy, hom. II. 

47 ; eise Map 336 ; aise, ese Man. (F.) 6438. 
ese-liche, adv., easily, Brd. 18. 
aisiementy sb., O.Fr. aisement ; easement : 

esement Ch. C. t. .4 4179 ; aicdamentis (pL) 

WiNT. vii. viii. 772 ; eisementes Mand. 214. 
aisien, v., 0,Fr, aaisier, from medLat, ada- 

giare ; ease ; eisi ayenb. 82 ; esie Fer. 1946 ; 

to esen hem and don hem alle honour Ch. C. 

T. A 2194 ; Seed (pple) Will. 1632. 
aij^er, see diSer. 
ajoinen, v., 0,Fr» ajoindre ; adjoin ; cjoined 

(pple) Will. 1753. 
ajoumen, v., O.Fr. ajumer ; adjourn ; a- 

jonmed (pple,) D. Arth. 340. 
ajugen, v., O.Fr, ajugier ; adjudge ; i^uged 

(pple,) Ch.Boet. 1.4(15). 
ak, see ao. 
ak, sb., O.E. ac, = O^Fris. ek, O.N. eik, 

O.H.G. eih, eich/ ; oak, ^qvercus^ voc 228 ; 

ake 191 ; oc frag. 3 ; ok Rob. 22 ; 00k, ok 

Fer. 4561 ; Ch. C. t. A 1702 ; &ke (dat.) rel. 

1. 52 ; Perc. 773 ; dkes (pL) Langl. Av.iZ. 
do-weme, sb., O.E. acwem ; squirrel', (mss. 

ocqueme, aqueme) P. L. s. viii. 182. 
a-kdlen, v., O.E. 2Lcelsui,=M.I/.G. erkuelen ; 

cool; akele Gow. II. 91 ; (h)is blod scholde 

sone akele Fer. 4492 ; akel]> (pres.) Misc 30 ; 

akglde (pret.) Rob. 442. 
dken, v., O.E. acan [f allied to O.N, aka, drive. 

Lot, agere] ; cu:he : sdcen & smerten HOM. II. 

207 ; akin * doko ' PR. P. 8 ; ake HOM. I. 149 ; 

Misa 95 ; Fer. 1831 ; lud. Coy. 232 ; 6ke}> 

(pres,) REL. 1. 1 1 1 ; Langl. A vii. 243 ; Jiet 

heaved me akb ayenb. 51 ; his bones ake)) 

Shor. 2 ; Jbine banes ake% Jje H. M. 31 ; aken 

Ch. C. t. -5 2113 ; »ke, eke (pres. subj.) A. R. 
. 360, 368 ; dkinde (pple.) A. R. 360 ; 60 (pret,) 

Laj. 6707; HOM. II. 21 ; ok Rob. 68; ook 

s. A. l. 42 ; oken, oke Langl. ^xvii. 194 ; dke 

(pret. subj.) P. L. S. xx. 66; deriv. &ohe. 
aken, adj., O.E, acen, == O.H.G, eichm ; 

oaken : an oken bord Alis. 6415 ; oken wode 

(Fokenwode) D. Arth. 272. 
a-kennednesse, sb., 0,E, acennedness, acen- 

niss ; generation, HOM. I. 209 ; aken(n)esse 

H. M. 45. 
a-kennen, v., O.E. acennan ; beget ; akende 

(pret,) LA3. 21240; akenned (pple,) Lk. 

i. 35; HOM. L 89; Orm. 7141; he was 

akennet of Marie Kath. 333. 
a-kennen^ v., = 0,H,G, archennan; recog- 

mze, reconnoitre ; akande (pret,) Laj. 7243* 



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a-kepen. 



aL 



17 



{first text ikende) ; akenninge {pple) Alis. 
3468. 

a-kei>en9 v.,s=k€p6n : ]>ar hii wolde akepe (? a 
kepe) Laj. 26937* (earlier text kepen). 

aker, sb., O.E. aeccr, = O.N. akr, Goth, akrs, 
0,H,G, achar, Lot. ager, Or, ayp6s; acre^ fields 
^ager* frag. 3; Mat. xiii. 38; akir WiCL. 
I KINGS xiv. 14 ; ttkeres, akcres {gen,) Mat. 
vi.28, 30; akere {dot,) Mat. xiii. 24; akeres 
(pL) FRAG. 2; acres rel. 1. 173. 
aker^land, sb., « G, ackerland ; ploughed 
iandy voc. 270 ; akerlond CHR. E. 16. 
aker-man, sb., -> G. ackermann ; husband- 
man^ Haluw. 36 ; aoremen {pL) L. le. f. 
176. 

aker, akir, sb., tidal wave^ * impetus maris^ 
PR. p. 8. 

akeniy sb., 0,E. secern, - 0,N, akam, Goth, 
akran ; cu:om ; akemes {ms, hakemes) {pL) 
WiLU 1 811; acornes Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (50); 
acharas Trev. I. 195. 

aketonn, sb., OJ^r, aqneton, auqueton ; a sort 
of quilted jacket, Ch. C.T. ^2050; acketoun 
B. DISC. 1 175. 

a-kiineii» v., ? = MJI,G, erkumen ; t grow 
faint ; aldmed {pple.) LA3. 26354. 

al, eal, adj., 0,E, call, eal, = O.L,G, al, 0,N, 
allr, OJI,G, all, Goth, alls; all \ al world 
HOM. I. 35 ; al }»as wrake 15 ; al folc REL. I. 
49; al blisse Langl. j5xvi. 190; al j)i leave 
Kath. 787 ; al {>e lare 939 ; all are blisse 
Orm. 708 ; al )>at jer o. & N. 1259 ; al a jer 
Brd. 3 ; al ]>is lond Alis. 886 ; & swa hit al 
iweai^ LA5. 290; mid al his hirede Laj. 3378 ; 
al {/or alne) dai O. & N. 373 ; al J)e winter ROB. 
59 ; al {for alle) J)e twelf dahes Kath. 1844 ; 
a (ffor al) Denemark and England Hav. 610 ; 
alles {gen» m, n.) HOM. I. 121 ; alle volkes 
A. R. 431 ; alle kunnes Fl. & Bl. 793 ; alien 
{dal^ m. n.) Lk. xxiv. 19 ; alien, alle LA5. 135, 
1686 ; aire {dat,f,) hom. 1. 123 ; in aire blisse 
LA5. 6065 ; mid alle {/or aire) mare mihten (r. 
mihte) 699; mid alle mine mihte HOM. 1. 191 ; 
ealne, aJne {accm,) Mat. xviii. 32, Lk. ix. 215 ; 
alne hom. I. 225 ; alle daei heo sungen La^. 
20981 ; alle {ace, /,) HOM. 1. 99 ; o. & N. 433 ; 
heo ferden alle nihte La^. 26922 ; ealle* alle 
{nom. ace, pl. m, f) HOM. I. 23, 97 ; ealle, alle 
P. L. S. viii. 88 ; alle O. & N. 222 ; alle heo weren 
ease LA3. 751 ; alle [al] his men 3858 ; alle 
bme }»reates Kath. 2133 ; us alle 548; alle five 
Hav. 2128 ; alle J>reo c. l. 563 ; we alle habbe|> 
cnne vader ayenb. 145 ; alle men Mand. 10 ; 
alle and some leg. 45 ; spec. 42 ; c L. 489 ; 
Fer. 1513; Rich. 5846; Ch. C. t. -^42187; 
alle {for aire) monne A. R. 384 ; al {nom, ace, 
pi, n!) Laj. 10556 ; jmrh al {in all things) swa 
wel idihte 25280 ; furh alle ))ing 2722 ; aire, 
[OJE:. eah^] (gen. pl,), Mat. xiii. 32 ; Kath. 
254 ; c. L. 232 ; Fer. 2884 ; aire }>inge A. R. 
398; alh-e shafte Orm. 346; here aire fet 
Brd, 17 ; fe aire worst(e) spec 104 ; ah-e 



maest Orm. 2595 ; aire mest o. & N. 684 ; on 
aire erest A. R. 136; aire best rel. I. 116; 
aire, aller Langl. B xix. 468, Cxxii. 473 ; ah-e 
erest first of all HOM. I. 33 ; alra 37 ; selra 
221 ; aller Ch. C. t. -4 586 ; s. s. (Wr.) 365 ; 
aldre gen. & ex. 322 ; alder Will. 3345 ; 
al)>er Hav. 1978 ; ayenb. 27 ; s. s. (Web.) 3560 ; 
LiDG. M. p. 20 ; eaUen {dat,pl.) Mat. ii. 16 ; 
alien hom. I. 125, 225 ; ayenb. 145 ; alien, 
alle Laj. 344, 6756; ealle Sax. chr. 251 ; 
alle Kath. 125 ; mid alle his wrenche O. & N. 
827 ; best of alle Ch. C. t. A 796. 

at al {ffor alle), at all, Ch. C. t. E 1045. 

in alle^ in all: he lived in alle |>re and sixti 
jere Trev, III. 363. 

mid alle {O.E, mid ealle, =-^.Z.C7. mit alle), 
wholly, Kath. 656 ; o. & n. 1458 ; p. l. s. xx. 
27 ; mid alle fordon HOM. 1. 17 ; iwepned mid 
alle Laj. 26339. 

wi)> alle, withal, Orm. 2174. 
al, adv., all, wholly : water ge^ al to gedere 
{altogether) ut A. R. 320 ; and was mid ivi al 
bigrowe o. & N. 27 ; al mid wisdpme La^. 443 ; 
al an o))ir rule HoccL. iii. 7 ; al stilliche A. R. 
82; al hali^ Orm. 8871 ; al mi^tful (migtful) 
ass. 219 ; GEN. & ex. 2694 ; all to longe Bek. 
774 ; Ch. l. g. w. 824 ; al to fewe Shor. 93 ; 
al bco J>u meiden though thou be a virgin 
H. m. 43 ; al be it {albeit) ))at HocCL. 1. 209 ; 
al ))us LA3. 3669 ; a. r. 238 ; Fl, & Bl. (H.) 
817. 

al fine alone : noht ne ma^ be man bi brxd al 
ane libben Orm. 1 1344; al one Will. 659; 
hue wonede al one Horn (R.) 80. 

al xndst, al meat, almost, A. R. 222 ; Brd. 7 ; 
al mest dead La). 19328* ; H. H. 47 ; Ch. C. t. 
^155. 

al swa, al se, al so, as {mod,Eng, also, as), 
Laj. 70,468,4308, 24579 ; al swa s. s. (Web.) 
3945 ; al so sone so he mighte 569 ; )>at ne an 
o^ir es al swa Perc. 1452 ; als 684 ; al swa al 
se HOM. 1. 153 ; al swa se 159 ; al swa Kath. 
1986 ; al swa as 289 ; ase wod wulf 31 ; as ha 
set in a bur 139 ; ^r as tis blisse is 1723 ; al 
swa se Orm. 3536 ; al se 14801 ; als if it waere 
589 ; al swo al se hit is biforen iseid procl. 
5 ; al so ase A. R. 62 ; al se ofte al se 8 ; al se 
ofte ase 322 ; )>ere ase {where) . , . is 80 ; al 
so fer so a boge mai ten GEN. & EX. 1238 ; als 
swilc als he is dede ¥or in 3836 ; als he cam 
1785 ; al so ros )>e mone Hay. 1955 ; al so 
fresch as J)e hauk Jos. 595 ; al se ayenb. 15 ; 
and mi wif al se [als] Langl. Aw, 144 ; 
als AY. Arth. Ixv. ; & j)e ladi als Gaw. 933 ; 
als mani as men list to have Mand. 209 ; 
als sir Iwain made his mane Iw. 2303 ; ase 
misc. 48 ; drau3tes as me drawe}> in poudre 
p. L. S. xvii. 225 ; }>er as he jut is xx. 106 ; as 
it J)oughte me Ch. C. t. A 385 ; as freendli as 
he were his owen broJ)er 1652 ; J)er as feondes 
remeb Misc 76 ; }>er as bumes were busi bestea 
to hulde Will. 1708 ; no more of Hl^as nou 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i8 



al. 



alfe. 



Ch. C. t. B 1242 ; as )>an Gow. III. 285 ; as 

swi))e Langl. a iii. 96 ; i schal ou elle as 

blive K. T. 1040 ; as for f e time Mand. 122 ; 

OSE.T.475; EGL.247. 
al )>fth, although^ SPEC. 23 ; al fa^ he bi 

AYENB. 19; al J)05 Fer. 321. 
al-, i^^ el. aly x^^ aweL 
alabastre, sb., O.Fr. alabasUe; alabaster ^ Ch. 

C.T. ^ 1910. 
a-lacchen^ v., catch : alle ^at bai )»an alacche 

mi3t Fer. 3098 ; alehte {pret^ hine betwux his 

earmes Sax. chr. 249. 
a-lsenen, v., 0.E, alaenan ; lend ; aleane LA5. 

31603* ; alSne]? (/r^j.) 24000*. 
a-lfieten, v., 0,E. alietan ; let off, let alaeten 

{jis waeter LA5. 15932. 
fllai, sb., Fr. aloi ; alloy ^ Langl. Btlv. 342. 
alaien, v., Fr, aloyer ; ^/oy, /dloy ; alaied 

(/^/^.) Langl. B xv. 346 ; alaid ' temperatus^ 

permixtus ' PR. P. 9. 
Alamaniey pr. n., Alamannia^ Sax. chr. 264 ; 

Alemaine La^. 1977. 
alambiOy sb., Fr, alambic ; alembic^ Ch. Tro. 

iv. 520. 
a-ltoien, v., = M.H,G. erlamen ; grow lame ; 

alamed, alemed (pple.) o. & N. 1604. 
a-laxLgien, v. (cf. dlenge), tmake dreary \ 

alaiige)> {pres) Ar. & Mer. 4212. 
alanty sb., Fr, alan,=5/. alano ; an Alan 

dog\ alanta (//.) Ch. C.t. A 2148. 
alarge, v., 0,Fr, alargir ; enlarge^ WiCL. gen. 

xxxii. 12. 
alfiuskiy v., 0,Fr, alascher, Lat, elaxare ; let 

loose, release, La^. 8838*. 
a-laSien,v., =il/./f.G^.erleiden ; become odious ; 

alo^B)? (pres) O, & N. 1277 ; mi lif me is 

al&tSed La^. 25930. 
albe» sb., Fr, aube, Lat. alba; alb, RKL. 1. 129 ; 

aube AYENB. 236. 
aloaliy alkali, sb., Fr. akali ; alkali, Ch. C. t. 

6^810. 

aldy see eald. alder, see ealder, aler. 
aldien, see ealdien. 
ale, sb., 0,E. ealu, ealo, = OX,G, alo(fat), 

0,N, 61 n,j' ale, A. R. 114; Hav. 14; Ch. 

C. T. A 832 ; Mand. 251 ; aille Townl. 90 ; 

of }>an ale LA3. 24440 ; to then ale R. S. 83; 

at l^en ale, at ^ nale, atte nale, atte ale 

Langl. -4 42; Ch. C. t. 2)1349; comp, 

brtid-ale ; see also aleS. 
^e-bre, sb., brectd sopped in ale, L. C. C 

53 ; alberei, alebrei, albri * alebrodium,fictutn 

est ' PR. P. 9. 
dle-hus, sb., alehouse ; AlehCLse (dat^ HOM. 

IL II ; aillehowse Townl. 310. 
&le-8take, sb., a sign before an alehouse, 

Ch. C. t. a 667. 

a-leapen, v., 0,E, ahleapan ; leap up ; aleop 
{pret,) LA5. 30683. 



a*leggen, v., 0,E, alecgan,«= 0,H,G, arleccan ; 
lay aside, put down, refute, Lk. v. 19; 
La^. 7714; yx miht lihtliche . . . al mi sor 
aleggen hom. I. 197; heo ne mihte noht 
alegge )>at ))e ule hadde hire ised O. & N. 394 ; 
alegge {pres, subj,) hom. I. 91 ; uvele lawes 
. . . bote if he hem alegge Bek. 1638 ; aleide 
ipret,) La^. 7125*; Will. 5240; aleigd 
(pple,) Mat. xxviii. 6 ; aleid frag. 6 ; Laj. 
31966; SPEC. 105; Trev. IV. 449; alaid is 
Darie }>in honour Alis. 2386. 

aleggen, v., 0,Fr, alleguier ; allege, Langl. 
B xi. 88; alegge Ch. C. t. E 1658; allege 
PR. a 5584. 

aleggin, v., 0,Fr, alegier; relieve, lighten, 
^allevio* PR. P. 9; allege PR. C. 3894; 
alegget (pple:) Will. 1034. 

alei, sb., 0,Fr, alee; alley \ aleis [aleies, 
alaies] (//.) Ch. C. t. E 2324. 

a-leinen, v., = O.H,G' arlougnan ; conceal ; 
alfdned (pret,) Halliw. 38. 

a-leomen, v., illumine, hom. II. 7 ; a-lum(e)tS 
-lime^, -leme^ (pres,) 107, 109, 141. 

aler, sb., 0,E. aler, air m, c/. 0,H,G, elira, 
erila, MX,G. elre/, 0.N, ehi n,; alder \ aller 
Pall. ix. 90 ; alder Ch. C. t. A 2921 ; aldir 
^alnus^ PR. P. 9 ; olrr FRAG. 3. 
alder-ker, sb., alder-carr, grove of alders, 
^alnetum,* PR. P. 9. 

a-lesen, v., OJS- alesan, alysan,= O.H,G, tx- 
Idsan; release, deliver, redeem, LA5. 1084; 
A. R. 124; MISC. 140; alise fram helle wite 
HOM. I. 229; ales \imperat,) Marh. 20; 
alise {pres, subj,) L. H. R. 180; alesde {pret,) 
hom. I. 19; Jul. 40; he, hine alesede mid 
his blode R. S. vii (Misa 186) ; alisden (for 
alisde) LA5. 11167; alesed (pple,) Kath. 
1 150; alused P. L. s. viii. 68; ^e ne beo% 
ne alesde of deofles anwalde HOM. I. 127. 
alesednesse, sb., 0,E, alysedness ; release, 
redemption, HOM. L 129; alysednesse Lk. 
XXL28. 

alesend, sb., releaser, redeemer, HOM. 1. 125 ; 
alesent Jul. 66. 

alisendnesse, sb., tfor alesednesse ; re- 
lease, HOM. I. 87; H. M. II*; alisendnesse 
HOM. I. 227 ; alisendnisse Mk. x. 45. 
alesnesse, sb., 0,E, alesness, alysness,<= 
0,H,G, arlosnessi, Angl. VII. 220; release, 
deliverance, HOM. I. 15 ; (printed alefnesse) 
H.M. II. 

alesunge, sb., 0,FL alysing,«= OJI,G. irlo- 
sunga ; release, deliverance, Kath. i 153 ; ale- 
singe HOM. I. 143. 

aletS, sb., 0,E, ealo% (g^* ond dot, of ealu ; 
see ale); rel. I. 132 (HOM. II. 13); eala]> 

LEECHD. III. 118. 

alfe, sb., 0,E, aelf, elf, ylf,//. ylfe, = M.L.G, alf, 
0.N, alfr, 0,H,G, alp (pi,, elbe) m.; elf, AUD. 
77 ; alve [alfe] LA5. 19268 ; elf Ch. C. t. 
Z>873; elfe ^ lamia' PR, P. 138; alvm 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



alfe. 



alsene. 



19 



^vene] (pi,) La^. 19255; elvene {/or elven) 

KOB. 130; JARB. XI I L 162; »lvene (^(fn. 
//.) La5. 21747. 

elf-qyene, sb., elf-queen^ Ch. C. t. B 1978. 

Alf-red, pr. n., o. & N. 235 ; REL. 1. 170. 

Alf-riohy pr. n., REL. I. 170. 
alfln, sb., OJ^r, aufin, L.Lat. alphinus {Jrom 

Arab, al-fil) ; bishop at chess^ foolish person : 

awfin of the chekar * alfinus^ PR. P. 18; D. 

Arth. 1343 ; aufinB (pL) gest. R. 61. 
algoris(ine» sb., Fr, algorithme ; cdgorism^ 

AYENB. I ; al^m Haluw. 42 ; augnm A. R. 

214 ; DEP. R. iv. 53 ; awgrim stoones Ch. t. 

A 3210. 
aliance, alliance, sb., 0,Fr, aliance ; alliance^ 

Rob. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 2973. 
a-libban, v., 0£. alibban ; Uve^ HOM. 1. 109. 
alie, allie, sb., OJ^r, ali^; ally^ WiCL. ex. 

xviiL 5 ; Trev. V. 221; Ch. C. t. (7 297. 
alie, sb., 0*Fr, alie ; service-berry ; aleii (//.) 

R. R. 1377. 
alien, allien, v., O.Fr. alier ; cdly^ Ch. C. t. 

E 1414 ; ailed {pple.) Rob. 65. 
alien, adj., OJ^r, alien ; alien^ PR. p. id ; Aus. 

3918 ; Trev. III. 447. 
ali^nen, v., />. aligner; alienate^ WiCL. 

eccles. xL 36 ; aliene Ch. Boet. L 6 (27). 
a-liggen, v., 0£. alicgan,^: OJI.G* iriiccan ; 

subside^ Marh. 5; aligge Laj. 26298; a 

machel wind aliS mid a lutel rein A. R. 246 ; 

^ lutle pine |>at ali% i lute hwile Kath. 

2183; alei (pret) Marh. 12; )>e loudinge 

alai {ms, alay) Laj. 24873*. 
a-llhten, v., 0,E. alihtan; alight^ descend \ 

make light; alleviate^ Laj. 26618"; no wonder 

Y^ hit smite harde ^r mt do)> ali^te TREAT. 

l^ ; alihte {pret.) hom. I. 79; LA5. 21121 ; 

MISC. 37 ; god almihti . . . alihte a dun to helle 

A. R. 248 ; a]i3te Bek. 1895 ; Shor. 129 ; 

ali^ted (//^.) ' aUeviata ' WiCL. Is. ix. i ; 

ali3t Fl. & Bl. 21 ; so sone so he was ali^t 

Aus. 4490. 
a-lihten, v., 0.E, alyhtan,=a^.6^. irliuhten ; 

enlighten ; aJi3te ayenb. 109 ; Fer. 1261 ; 

ali3te (pret.) Shor. 84; alight Gow. II. 

183 ; bu . . . havest aliht mi J)ester heorte 

H03i. 1. 185. 
ali^tin^, sb., 0£, alyhting ; illuminaticn^ 

AYENB. 221. 
a>linii>en9 v., O.E. alimpan ; happen ; alomp 

(pret.) Laj. 18053. 
a-Iiaen, v., f 0£. ahllsian ; mention by report ; 

aHaed (pple,) P. L. s. 67. 
a-liSen, v., pass away^ La^. 12041 ; aliSen 

ipple*) ; fa seove jer weoren ali^ene 3970. 
•ti^n, y.f 0£. aleo^ian ; dismember : nou 

have^ he . . . mine leomes ali)>ede La^. 

25929*. 
nikiiwiiA^ alkenamie, sb., 0,Fr, alkemie, al- 

quemie ; alchemy^ La!ngl. A x. 212. 

C 



alkatran, sb., O.Fr,^ Span, alquitran, Port, 
alcatrao (from Arab, alqatran) ; bitumen^ 
Mand. 99 ; alka[t]ran A. P. ii. 1034. 

aller, see aler. 

alles, adv. (gen, of al), wholly^ altogether^ 
A. R. 64 ; Kath. 796 ; Rob. 17 ; alles to swi^c 
hom. I. 103 ; ba he alles spac LA3. 488 ; bo 
heo was alles fider icome Bek. 73 ; whon he 
wolde alles bicome mon c. L. 659. 

allunge, adv., 0,E, eallunga, eallinga ; wholly^ 
cdtogethery LA5. 8797 ; A. R. 164 ; H. M. 47 ; 
turn me allunge to |>e HOM. I. 185 ; eallunge 
Mat. lii. 10, allinge P. L. S. xiii. 218; JOS. 
440 ; P. s. 214 ; M. T. 108 ; allinges Mand. 189. 

almande, sb., Fr, amande ; almond^ * amyg- 

datum * ; almaunde PR. P. 10 ; almandes (pi,) 

C M. 6895 ; almondes L. c. c. 9. 
almander, sb., ^./V.almandier; almond-tree \ 

almaunder WiCL. eccles. xii. 5 ; almanders 

(plur,) WiCL. gen. XXX. 37 ; almandres R. R. 

1363. 
almarie, sb., 0,Fr, almarie, almaire ; ambry ^ 

cupboard^ clothes-press^ bookcase ; almari 

* armarium* PR. P. 10; almaries (pL) 

Langl. B xiv. 246 ; the almeries of Neemie 

WiCL. 2 Macc. vl 13. 
almesse, see elmesse. 
al-mijt, adj., 0,E, aslmiht ; omnipotent^ Mirc 

461 ; A. p. 1. 497 ; almight Gow. 1. 190; sacr. 

996 ; to god almijte Fer. 256, 
fd-mihtin, adj., tfor almiht; omnipotent^ 

HOM. I. 15, 97; almigtin GEN. & ex. 30; 

almihten La^. 16783; almicten REL. 1. 234; 

almihtinde 282. 
al-mihti^, adj., 0,E, ealmihtig, aelmeahtig,= 

O.H,G, almahtig, OJ^, almatti^ ; almighty y 

HOM. I. 217 ; slmihti 221 ; almihti A. R. 430 ; 

spec. 73; almihti ayenb. i; be almihti god 

FRAG. 8 ; god ahnihti HOM. I. 5 ; almahtij 

Orm. 95. 

almighti-hMa, sb./ omnipotentiai pr. p. 10. 
almoner, sb., 0,Fr, almosnier, aumosnier; 

almoner \ (f printed amontr), ayenb. 190; 

aumoner C. M. 15219. 
along, see ^elang, -long, 
alosen, v., O.Fr. aloser ; praise ; alosi ayenb. 

183 ; aldeed (pple,) R. R. 2354 ; Alis. (Sk.) 

139. 
alonauncei sb., allowance, Langl. ^xiv. 

109. 
alonin, v., 0,Fr, allouer; allow, * alloc o,* 

PR. P. 10 ; alowe Shor. 137 ; )>is stat is 

moche to alowe vor his dignete ayenb. 227 ; 

alone (pres,) Ch. C T. (Wr.) 10988 ; aloue 

(subj,) Rich. 4662. 
alp, sb., cf, Norfolk dial, olp ; a sort of finch, 

^ficedulc^ PR. P. 10 ; alpes {pL) R. R. 658. 
alpi, see anlepi^. als, see under al. 
alsene, sb., cf, M,Du, alsene, MJI.G, alansa ; 

awl, VOC 150 ; elsin ^sibula * pr. P. jgS. 

^ Digitized by CjOOQIC 



20 



alter^ 



amQniisen. 



alter, sb., O.Fr. alter, auter, Lot, altare; altar ^ 
Orm. io6i ; alter, auter gen. & ex. 758, 
1297 ; auter Hav. 369 ; Jos. 295 ; Man. (F.) 

1375. 

alter-oloS, sb., altar clothy rel. I. 129. 
alum, sb., O.Fr. alum ; alum, A. P. ii. 1035 ; 

Ch. C. t. (^813. 
alure, sb., O.Fr. alure, aleure ; place to walk 

in, passage, gallery, Alis. 7210 ; GUY p. 85 ; 

PR. P. 10; altir(e)8 (pL) Rob. 192; throu 

the aleris of his soler *per cancellos coenaculi 

suV WlCL. 4 KINGS i. 2. 
a-luten, v., 0,E. alutan ; incline ; alute Misc. 

48 ; aloute Bek. 2140 ; PL. CR. 750 ; B. Disa 

1254 ; alouted (pret^ Will. 3721, 
alve, see alfe. 
alyiflch, 2id}., =M,I/.G. elbisch ; elfish, like an 

elf, Gaw. 681 ; on alvisc smi^ Laj. 21 131 ; 

elvisch Ch. C. t. ^1893 ; an elvish knight 

Ell, ROM. II. 90. 
al-wealdende» adj., 0,E, ealwealdend ; all- 

ruling, Kath. 615; alwaldinde Laj. 19548; 

alwaeldend Orm. 153 ; alweldand Iw. 2199. 
am, V. (i pers, sing, pres,), 0.E, com, earn, am, 

= 0,N. em, Gotn, im ; am, Kath. 463 ; A. R. 

430; Orm. 205; o. & N. 170; Rob. 115; 

WiCL. gen. XV. I ; i am come her Fer. 354 ; 

eam frag. 6 ; eam, sem, em, am Laj. 720, 

^33> 8899, 10524 ; aem, eom P. L. s. viii. i, 2 ; 

eom MISC. 192 ; ich hit eom // is I Mat. xiv. 

27 ; em Mk. vi. 50; hom. 1. 115. 
art (2 pers, sing, pres,), O.E. eart, = 0,N, 

ert ; art, Kath. 450 ; Orm. 2206 ; o. & N. 

38; Rob. 31; WiCL. John viii. 12; eart 

HOM. I. 29 ; eart, aert, ert frag. 6, 7 ; LA3. 

1442, 1499, 2237 ; aert, ert Mat. xiv. 28, Lk. 

i. 4 ; ert A. R. 26 ; hom. II. 29. 
iB (3 pers, sin^, pres,), 0,E, is, = O.L.G. is, 

Goth,, 0,H,G, 1st ; is, Orm. 667 ; wa is me 

hom. I. 35 ; hwet is us to donne 91 ; lutel me 

is of ower luve JUL. 27 ; me is |)e wurs o. & N. 

34 ; what is ))e what is the matter with thee 

ASS. 227 ; what is 50U Brd. 21 ; he ... is 

riden to j)e feldes Ch. C. t. A 1503; is, us 

LA5.745,5354;esc.M.588o;Iw.34;E.w.39. 

aren (pl.pres.), 0,E, earun, = 0,N, eru ; are, 
HOM. II. 73 ; Marh. 8 ; Hav. 619 ; spec, 85 ; 
Langl. ^iii. 80; am HOM. I. 269; Orm. 
4555 ; GEN. & ex. 16. 

aind, oinden {pi. pres,), 0,E, sind, sindon, 
= 0,L,G. sind, sindun, 0,H,G, sint^ sintun, 
Goth, sind; are. Mat. x. 31, xxii. 8 ; sinden 
Orm. 389; sindon, sindan misc. 146 ; senden 
HiCKES I. 223 ; rel. I. 210 ; senden, sunden 
P. L. S. viii. 144; sende HOM. II. 173 ; sunden, 
sunde LA3. 4359, 16796. 

8i {subj, pres), O E. si, sie, seo, « 0,L,G,, 
0,H,G, si, Goth, sijau; hom. I. 245, II. 91 ; 
Orm. 3378 ; si, seo Laj. 8545, 14893 ; seen 
(pL) {0,E, sTen, seon) LA3. 13837 ; sion (ms, 
syon), sien Mat. vi. 25, John xvii. 22, 



a-meeden [/or ^emfiden, O.E. gemaedan], 

f distract, derange; am&d (ppie.) Horn 

(L.) 574; P. S. 156; S. A. L. 154; amad, 

amead H. M. 37 ; amed A. R. 324 ; MISC 48 ; 

heo weoren amadde LA5. 4438. 
amaieiiy v., OJ^^r. esmaier, amaier, « Ital, 

smagare ; dismay : jk)u mi3t not me amaie 

Fer. 485 ; ne amal pe nou^t s. s. (Wr.) 1536 ; 

amaied {pple) Alis. 1749; Ch. Tro. iv. 

641. 
a-maistren, v., = Ger. ermeistem ; master^ 

Langl. j5vi. 214 {Aw\\, 200) ; ameistren a. r. 

140; amaistre^ (pres,) ayenb. 129; amai- 

strode (pret,) P. L. s. xxiv. 60. 
a-m&nsieny v., 0,E, amansumian, O.H.G, 

armeinsamon ; excommunicate ; amansi Bek. 

1744 ; amonsi P. s. 196 ; am&nsede (pret,) 

p. L. S. xvii. 512 ; am&nsed (pple,) hom. 

I. 45 ; Kath. 2101 ; o. & n. 1307 ; Rob. 

335. 

am&mdng, sb., 0,E, amansumung ; excom- 
munication, ayenb. 189. 
a-m&sen, v., 6^.^.«Lmasian ; amaze ; am^ed a(. ^"^\^ 

(pple) A. R. 270 ; Will. 686 ; Gow. II. 25. n^Jf A 'V 
ambesas, sb., Fr, ambesas ; both aces, Rob. 

51; H. H. 108 (no). 
ambicion, sb., Fr, ambition; ambition, 

ayenb. 22. 
amblen^ v., Fr, ambler; amble*, amblinde 

(pple,) Haluw. 53; amblinge Ch. C. t. 

^388. 
ambler, sb., Fr, ambleur ; ambler, cath. 9. 

amboht, sb., O.E, ombeht, « 0,H.G, am- 
paht, ambaht, Goth, andbahts; servant^ 
Orm. 2329.. 

&me, sb., from 6men ; aim, guess, D. TROY 
7088 ; GENER. 5959 ; A. p. iii. 128. 

amel, sb., 0,Fr, esmal; enamel, Halliw. 
54. 

amelen^ v., (7./r. esmailler ; enamel; amelid 
(pple,) Halliw. 54. 

&men» v., 0,Fr, aesmer, esmer,- mod.Eng, 
aim; estimate \ amin ^ aestimo^ ^vl,v, 190; hou 
manie ))er deide i mai nought ame Man. (F.) 
4449 ; aime WiLL. 1596 ; eime]? (pres,) WiCL. 
LEV. xxvii. 8. 

amende, sb., 0,Fr, amende, from Lot, 
emendare; reparation, fine, compensation; 
amendes (pi,) ayenb. 37 ; pr. c. 1589. 

amenden, v., O.Fn amender,yh7w Lot, emen- 
dare ; correct, reform ; give satisfaction for an 
offence, amend, mend, C. L. 1117; amende 
Bek. 1094 ; schon amende J OS. 423 ; amendi 
R. s. ii ; amendeS (imp,) A. R. 420. 

amendment, sb., 0,Fr, amendement; cor^ 

rectionj improvement; reparation, Rob. 32 ; 

Shor. 51 ; AYENB. 32. 
amenusen, v., O.Fr, amenuisier ; diminish ; 

amenusi E. w. 28 ; amenuaed (pple,) Ch, 

BOET. ii. 4 (40). 



Digitized by 



Google 



a-mdoken. 



an. 



a 



a-meoken, v., render meek ; amekid {pple,) 

GEST. R. 177. 
amerciiiient, sb., 0,Fr, amerciment ; forfeit^ 

fine ; amerciments (//.) Ch. C. t. /752. 
amercin, v., 0,Fr, amercier ; amerce^ fine, 

PR. P. 1 1 ; amerci Langl. B vi. 40. 
a-meriezL, v., (9.ir.amerian ; purify, amered 

(Jple.) s. S. (Web.) 2266. 
a-merran, v., O.E. amerran, -myrran ; mar^ 

destroy ^ corrupt, hom. I. 23; amerre MISC. 

74 ; amaerre, -marren [amorre] LA5. 5356, 

19469 ; amerre)? (pres,) ayenb. 203 ; a- 

merde, -maerde [amorde] {pret.) LA5. 3825, 

1 1 725 ; |>u amerdest frag. 8 ; amerred {pple.) 

Shor. 105. 
amerveillen, v., 0,Fr. esmerveiller ; amer- 

veilled (pple,) struck with wonder, surprised, 

L- R. H. 160; amervailed Will. 3857. 
amSsen, v., O.Fr. amesir {from Lat. mitire) ; 

appease \ amese you D. Troy. 12842; Townl. 

194. 
. amesureiiy v., O.Fr amesurer ; moderate ; 

aine0are)> (pres,) ayenb. 252. 
amete, sh.,0,E. aemete, = ilf.Z>«.emte,eempte, 

OJI,G. ameiza; ant\ amote ayenb. 141; 

amte, emte WiCL. prov. vi. 6 ; ampte Lidg. 

M. p. 88; ematte ''formica^ voc. 177; 

&zneten (//.) Rob. 296; emeten Bek. 2241 ; 

emoten Alis. 6566. 
jbnete-hul, sb., 0>E, ^emethyll; ant-hill, 

Rob. 296. 
a-ia6ten, v., 0,E. ametan ; measure ; am^ten 

i^ppU,) frag. 2. 
ametist, sb., Fr, amethyste ; amethyst, p. L. S. 

xxxY. 93 ; amatiste misc. 98. 
ami, sb., Fr, ami ; friend, Alis. 1966. 
amiable, sb., Fr, amiable ; friendly, Ch. C. t. 

A 138. 
amice, sb., 0,Fr, aumuce ; amice, pr. p. i i ; 

amise WiCL. Is. xxii. 17. 
amidon, sb., Fr, amidon ; starch, L. c c, 8. 
amizuBtren, v., O.Fr, aministrer; administer', 

aministre)> {pres^ Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (135). 
amirail, sb., 0,Fr, amiral, fnod.Eng. admiral ; 

emtr, Saracen ruler, Rob. 409 ; admiral Fl. 

& Bl. 201 ; admiral, admirail La^. 27668, 

27680; admiraud HORN (H.) 96. 
amit, sb., O.Fr, amit ; garment, amice, hood, 

^amictusi VOC. 231 ; WICL. EXOD. xxxix. 21. 
amonesteily v., O.Fr, amonester ; admonish ; 

amone8te)> {pres.) ayenb. 8 ; Ch. Boet. v. 

5 (135)- 

amonicionn, sb^ O.Fr. amonition ; admoni- 
tion, Ch. Boet. 1. 4 (135). 

amorous, adj., O.Fr, amorous ; amorous, 
Gow. I. 89 ; R. R. 83. 

amortdsen, v., 0,Fr, amortir ; deaden ; alien- 
ate in mortmain ; amorteise Lidg. m. p. 207; 
amortifleden {pret,) Langl. Bx\. 315; a- 
mortiaed {pple,) Ch. C. t. 7247. 



amoimteny amonntiy v., O.Fr. amonter; 

amount, ascend, rise, L. h. R. ^8 ; amuntet 

{pres.) MISC. 28 ; amounted (pret.) a. p. ii. 

395. 
amdven, v., O.Fr. esmovoir ; set in motion ; 

excite ; am6ved {pple.) Gow. L 296 ; ameved 

[amoved] Ch. Boet. i. i (6). 

ampairiy v., see enpeiren. 

ampre, sb., 0,E. ampre, prov.Eng, amper; 
tumour \ ampres {pL) hom. L 237. 

ampulle, sb., Lat. ampulla ; phial, ampulla, 
LA3. 14986 ; ampulles, ampolles (//.) Langl. 
A V. 527. 

amte, see amete. 

a-miirSrin, v., O.E. amyr^rian ; mur- 
der^ hom. L 247; amurtSred {pple.) LA3. 
16147. 

an, v., 0,E, ann, an, = 0,N, ann, 0,H,G, an 
[pret.'pres.) ; favour, grant, O. & N. 1739 ; as 
i )« love and an Trist. 839 ; ^if god hit an 
LA3. 1485 1 ; )>at he mire dohter wel on 1 1928 ; 
on misc. 116; ich on wel ))at ^ witen Kath. 
1 761 ; we unnen procl. 2 ; jif je me blisse 
unnen [unne^ Kath. 2376 ; pe jie ufel unnen 
Laj. 28117 ; ^et me god unnen Marh. 21 ; 
unne {subj.) P. L. s. viii. 158 ; LA3. 251 14 ; god 
almihti unne me . . . fet ich mote ))e iseo hom. 
L 199 ; {ms. hunne) gen. & ex. 2249 ; comp. 
^e-an ; deriv, unnen, este. 

an, see and. an-, see en-. 

[an-, on-, ^rt^\,from an prep.] 

[an-*, on-', prefix, = and-.] 

an, on, o, a, prep. & adv., O.E. ^n, on, = 
O.Fris, an, on, 2i,0.L G., O.H.G. an, ana, Goth. 
9Xi2Lf O.N. a, Gr. ava \ on\ ?cci are halfe Laj. 
20717; an horse and an [a] fote 502; riden 
an {sec. text uppe) horse 12979; he bar an [on] 
his hande 25809 \ an ))an ilke time 3890 ; an, 
on [a] live 3537, 10785 ; jia spaeche him eode 
an {sec. text at) wiile 13076; Brennes cu^e 
an {sec. text of) havekes 489(3; an (? =and) 
long 138 ; he havede ane honde 3793 ; J)e 
king wes ane {in) France 23690; hevede 
. . . kinebeam on wombe 199 ; on [a] slsepe 
1 1 59; on [a] godes nomen 10 136; he 
com on lond 116; ))e king nom fat writ 
on bond 484 ; |>u hit halst on {sec, text mid) 
unriht 7374; moh he havet on {of) \\x\X 
3313 ; muchele men on mihte 23919 ; ofte he 
hire lokede on 18538; hardliche heo on 
slojen [an hewen] 1529; he heom on leide 

Eat weoren lawen gode 2077 ; jiah he hefde 
runie on 1553; on heo duden heore iweden 
9450 ; one leoden (r. leode) 3718 ; a londe & a 
watere 550 ; a {sec. text bi) daei(e) o^r a nihte 
19651 ; to dai a seoven nihten 1 1929 ; and swor 
a {sec. text bi) seint Brd. 173^4 ; a (? -= and) 
bat her com li^n ma of heore leoden 6040 ; 
ileid an {in) horde P. L. S. viii. 6 ; on helle 
116 ; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon a worde 
& ec a dede 2; a watere & a londe>4i ; an j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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wu 



&IU 



[on] ende A. R. 146 ; an Englisch 130 ; on 
ever iche halve 50 ; enes a wike 344 ; bringe^ 
a vlihte 248 ; o ^ rode 262 ; an elle REL. 1. 
132 ; ))are manie rotes one {ms. onne) wacse^ 
128 ; on ende 1487 ; J^at tu havest on heorte 
2142 ; he heold on (continued) to herien 434; 
o [on] worlde 527 ; a (v. r. til) ¥et 719 * ; on 
(ms, onn) eorj^e Orm, 422; on Abrahames 
time 40894 he wolde . . . us . . . bringen on 
to fol^hen JHSjre bisne 77 "^7 \ fat naht 



Crist was boren one {ms, onne) 3753; pat 
stande)> o ))e godspelboc 315; aenes o be 
^er 1078 ; an efne O. & N. 323 ; nis on pe 
non holinesse 900; and }>ar one suliej> 1240; 
J>ah no preost a londe nere 13 14; a worlde 
1363 ; a sumere 416 ; a dai 219 ; heo hadde 
gode brote and schille and fale manne song 
a wilie 1722; an horn hue ber an honde 
Horn (R.) iiii ; he sloh a felde him ])at 
(h)is fader aqvelde 997; an eve Brd. 31 ; 
ich wondri on mi jK)5t 15 ; none o|)er do{>es 
nadde he on 29 ; a godes name 7 ; hi wende 
a lond 6 ; an, on ende C. L. 822, 973 ; on 
English 74 ; a live 1422 ; a last at last 457 ; 
o (? = 0%) bat 152; an haste ayenb. 31 ; 
him on to loki 244 ; ane his left half 156 ; 
a l^e left half 156; he val|> a grund 91 ; 
ones a dai 73; ones a jer E. G. 359; 
an er)>e Shor. 102 ; a ^ere 34 ; an eve, 
a morwe K. T. 468 ; he fel a slepe 397 ; 
on )>inen namen ^in nomine tuo^ Mat. 
vii. 22 ; seofan si^an ... on daig ^septies in die ' 
Lk. xvii. 4 ; on (in) })ine huse frag. 6 ; on to 
lokienne to look <7;i 8 ; on (v, r, in) ¥er sae 
HiCKES 1. 223 ; on londe HOM. 1. 13 ; on heof- 
ene & on eor%an 11 ; beon on worlde 35 ; on 
fisse deie 99; to dei on fowertene niht 123 ; 
men cwela% on (of) hungre 1 1 1 ; & him on 
bleow (breathed into') gast 221 ; a londe 17 ; 
a domes deie 239 ; a (? » and) ))et drihten 
com 1 5 ; alle hire luveden J^athire on lokeden 
Marh. 2 ; don us mare wa on Jul. 43 ; be 
reve het on live ant o leomen 58 ; on eorfe 
H. M. 2^ ; bat mahten bringe ]>e on (induce 
thee) mis for to donhe 17 ; on ))e fot of the 
dune HOM. II. 89 ; lustliche on to siene 163 ; 
J>e jjrop ))e preste(s) one wunien 89 ; enes o 
dai, 67 ; a dai 109 ; be )ni wis on )>i word & 
war on )>ine speche REL. I. 186 ; ilc fis on 
water gen. & EX. 162 ; on morgen 1093 ; on 
live 3595 ; so faiger he was on to sen 2659 ; 
king on Englene loande procl. i ; on godes 
nome misc. 39 ; he is fair & briht on heowe 
96 ; AJmlf sede on hire ire HORN (L.) 309 ; 
prut on herte 1389; wij) swerde ihc \k an 
hitte (Panhitte) 712; on live Hav. 363; on 
horse riden 370 ; )>is clobes }>at ich one (ms, 
onne) have 1145; on eiper side ROB. 17 ; o 
live 40 ; jjre si))e . . a ^er 376 ; Jiat Peteres pans 
. . to ))e pope nere not on isend Bek. 618 ; J)ej 
al |>e toun were a fure 1049 ; on wicchecraft 
nout i ne con an. lit. 7 ; on fote gon SPEC. 90 ; 
a naht by night 34 ; when elde him come)) on 
A. D. 252 ; on felde Will. 173 ; a dale 610 ; a 



live 129; on haste Alis. 1855; on be dai 
Mand. 288 ; on live Jos. 707 ; Gow. II. 372 ; 
on [a] grounde and on [a, o] lofte Langl. A i. 
88 (90) ; jjai felle on slepe s. s. (Wr.) 2745 ; he 
rod on hunting E. T. 931 ; ronne bournes al 
on blode Flor. 609; so semeli on to see 
2071 ; i ran on [a] blode H. H. 55 ; o J»at 
come domes dai 148 ; & Danmark on (Jor 
of) him wan Man. (H.) 57 ; o fote 163 ; sa- 
teen hundred bei brought on (for of) live 
Rich. 2059 ; what shal worthe on me MIR. 
PL. 151 ; a bedde s. s. (Web.) 1513 ; on f5n 
begin Laj. 21 194 ; fon on 5630, 17393, 17423 ; 
& feng on jnis to speken Kath. 315 ; we vo^ 
on to spekene A. R. 74 ; fo we on O. & N. 179 ; 
taken on begin La^. 25965 ; on take ROB. 1 70. 

an &n (printed 2Si2cci)y anon, Kath. 31 ; |>e^ 
wisten sone an an (ms, anan) Orm. 225 ; 
fowerti^ dashes a^ on an (ms, onnan) 11 331. 

an, hXLt a, on, 6, card, num., 0,E, an,=O.L,G, 
en, 0,N, einn, 0,H,G, ein, Goth, ains ; an 
(^z), one : ))aet }>i sien an ' ut sint unum * John 
xvii. 22 ; ¥a nam man an and an (one by one) 
Sax. CHR. 253 ; on an to eastren 256 ; a daeis 
fare 262 ; an child HOM. I. 77 ; ure an 21 ; a 
seep 121 ; an [a] preost LA3. i ; an hore 15579; 
fe an 22757 ; an efter ane one after another 
6969 ; an and twenti 9541 ; )>a weofen heo 
al an 29080; a wif 2528; )>e an Kath. 
576; an swa swote smeal 1600; jette 
me an hwat 768 ; a meiden 66 ; a crune 1585 ; 
in a londe 21 ; an hwet wite ]>u Marh. 5 ; 
al me is an )>in olhnung ant tin eie 5; 
an an forS riht 15 ; meiden an eadiest * virgo 
beatissima^ 13; an man Orm. 11213; an 
duhti3 wif 1 13 ; an an 225 ; an (for one) cribbe 
3321 ; an (for anes) mannes 5813 ; a mikel 
here 3370 ; a cribbe 3366 ; an hors o. & N. 
773; an an, on 488, 1554, 1658 ; on old stoc 
25 ; on hare 383 ; ^if me hit halt evre forJ> 
in on 356 ; a word 502 ; a tonge 156 ; o song 
333; an wis man GEN. & EX. 2649; ^^'^ 
iciste (h)is bre¥ere on and on 2266 ; an hare 
Rob. 457 ; an (ffor ane) fourti jer 230 ; an 
vewe wilde hinen 540 ; heo were al at on 113; 
a dorter 12 ; at o time 306 ; an hound Will. 
10; an five mile 5 no; a stounde 159; on a 
time 8 ; an hors Mand. 249 ; on ge% ... in 
one sliddrie weie A. R. 252 ; heo is ever on 6 : 
an on 20 ; in on 6 ; ^f a mon is god 86 ; )iet o 
mon beo vor one )>inge twien idemed 308 ; a 
sih¥e 48 ; o luve 12 ; no qvodh on Hay. 1800; 
but on 962 ; ilk an 1770; an hundred 2126 ; 
a king 27 ; of a tale 3 ; habbe vela^rede J)e on 
wi^ y& ojnre ayenb. 43 ; bie|> al on 259 ; a 
kni^ 45 ; o ]>ing 46 ; whenne on hath don a 
sinne MiRC 71 ; and bo))e on god 465 ; ¥re 
daies slep he al on on rel. I. 226 ; an on to 
fe }>rote * usgve ad guttur* Trey. III. loi ; 
|)ei wepen evere in on [oon] Ch. C. T. -4 1771 ; 
a so gret best Brd. 31 ; a fourten night S. s. 
(Web.) 2363 ; an (for ane) o^r speche a. r. 
100 ; an [on] o]>er tale o. & N. 544 ; ftne 

Digitized by vjOC 



ftn. 

[0,E. §na (masc), ane (fern,)] alone : )»a he 
ane waes Mk. iv. lo ; he ane hom. I. 165 ; 
Kath. 224 ; ane he gon riden La^. 6466 ; 
we hine tete^ ane 25702 ; nu )>u aert aJ ane 
[one] (alone) 17934 ; as ha . . . wes . . . hire 
ane (sola) J UL. 31 ; he cube him ane ben Orm. 
3194 ; he was king one Rob. 315 ; heo wende 
alone Bek. 59; betere is J)at ich onedeie SPEC. 
81 ; left was he one Will. 211 ; him ane ich 
luvie Marh. 4; let ))e gome one Gaw. 2118 ; 
nawt ane ... ah Marh. 14; nout one A. R. 
46; nojt one ROB. 193; fines (^^«. w. n,) 
La^. 15574 ; anes eoi^iches monnes hom. I. 
33 ; anes mannes Orm. 22 ; wi^ his anes wit 
Kath. 589 ; ane kinges 73 ; ever ich ones 
every on^s A. R. 134 ; mid his ones mihte 160; 
one monnes 202 ; to fan anes (for ane) La^. 
17304 ; for |>en anes for the nonce Jul. 71 ; 
(ms. \^ naness) Orm. 7160; for fen ones 
Shor. 125; Alis. 1624; Will. 2015: finre 
(gen,/^ Lk. xviii. 25 ; ftnun (dot. m, «.) HOM. 
I. 245 ; anan John xx. i ; anen Mat. vi. 24 ; 
ana leechd. III. 88; biforen )>am preoste ane 
HOM. I. 77 ; buton ane treowe 221 ; ane, one 
A.R. 78, 124, 150; live^ . . . bi him one 12; on 
ane da^e La^. 82 ; an one daeie 6443 ; i had 
no brofir bot him ane Perc. 2043 ; alle heo 
weoren bi ane (together y cf M,H,G, bi ein) 
LA3. 2(947 ; na^ o del to onen and )>et ofer 
del to an o)>ren ayenb. 175 ; alle we bief of 
one kende 186 ; mid one worde frag. 8 ; he 
sat up one vaire bo^e o. & N. 15 ; mid mine 
one songe 789 ; bute fe one HOM. I. 201 ; as 
hit were for )>an one Brd. 18 ; ))ei weoren at 
one K. T. 277 ; fire (dai,f) John xx. 7 ; HOM. 
1. 173 ; LaJ. 555 ; ore o. & N. 17 ; in ore nijt 
Fl. & Bl. 83 ; Anne (ace, m) HOM. I. 221 ; 
anne 93 ; aenne, enne, anne [one, on] LA5. 88, 
3949 556; senne, an Orm. 3374, 811 8; enne 
A. R. 56 ; enne gost ayenb. 145 ; enne» anne 
O. & N. 799, 831 ; Shor. 93, 95 ; enne, en 
MISC. 50, 51 ; en P. s. 150 ; anne stroc he yd 
him Rob. 223 ; ane man ayenb. 58 ; fine 
(acc.f ) HOM. I. 91 ; ane [one] dohter La^. 
3400 ; (misTvritten ane) 2247 ; ane hwile 
Kath. 183; ane, ana leechd. III. 96; one 
O. & N. 199 ; one hoc A. R. 54 ; one herte 
ayenb. 145 ; of ane (for are) sunne hom. I. 
33 ; bi one halve o. & N. 109 ; fine (pL) Orm. 
19764 ; for hio ane John xvii. 20 ; ane feue 
La). 11752*; ane fewe P. S. 194; }>a kinges 
• . . ane )»er wuneden La^. 23880; ]>er heo 
weren one bi ham sulven a. R. 154 ; bi ham 
ane Marh. 14. 

an-and,prep.,?sanefen; near to \ anant(/xftr. 
an-ante) treat. 137; onond, anont, onont, 
anonde, ononde A. R. 4, 6, 124, 164, 426; 
anont H. M. 9 ; C L. 1076 ; MiRC 1961 ; onont 
tc under Kath. 2531 ; anende a. p. i. 1135. 

a*napped, pple., sleepy ; anapped he was p. 
L. s. xviL 278. 

an-ar^jen, v., make cowardly ; anarwi]? (pres,) 
Aus. 3346. 
t 



and« 



^3 



an-bel^n, v., be angry ; anb»lli (pret.) Laj. 
26359; onboljen (pple,) La^. 1696. 

an-biden, v., 0,E, onbldan ; await : an- 
bidende (/ ms. & bi diemde) [abidinge] heore 
wiUe Laj. 8622. 

an ^-biLrsten, v., burst out : and he anbursten 
agon swulc (he) weore a wilde bar Laj. 
25831 ; cnihtes anburste [aborst] (pple,) 
weoren 25241. 

anoessonr, sb., O.Fr, ancessour; ancestor \ 
auncessour Man. (F.) 945 ; ancestre Bek. 429. 

ancestrie^ sb., O.Fr. ancesserie; ancestry \ 
auncestrie Man. (H.) 14. 

anoheisonny see enoheisdn. 

anoien, adj., 0,Fr, ancien ; ancient ; auncien 
Mand. 93. 

anoleou, sb., 0,E, ancl6ow,=0./^w.onclewe, 
cf 0,H,G, anchal, 0,N, 6kla ; ankle ; oncleou 
^talus' FRAG. 2; ancle voc. 148; ancle, 
anclee Ch. C. T. A 1660; anolowe (dat.) 
Ar. & Mer. 5206. 

an'-onfiwen, v., 0,E, oncnawan,«= 0./f.G^.int-, 
incnahan : recognize^ acknowledge : ge . . . 
ononftweS ^ cognoscitis^ Mk. viii. 17; on-, 
oknfiun (pple.) aware c, M. 8627 ; be aknawe 
Am. & A MIL. 2099; ))ou art sobes aknowe 
LEB. JES. 332 ; ich am aknowe Will. 4391. 

anore, sb., O.E, ancra; anchorite^ A. R. 6; 
Rob. 380; Langl. Civ. 141; anoren (pL) 
A. R. 4 ; see anker'. 
anore-hflB, sb., house of anchorites^ A. R. 88. 

anoren, v., anchor ; iancred (ppie.) A. R. 142. 

an-oume*, sb., accident; oncume hom. I. 
147 ; oncome c. M. 5927. 

an-cnmen, v., come upon : onknmen (pple.) 
GEN. & EX. 841. 

and, prep., 0,E. arid, ond,« O.A^. and-, OJ^ris. 
and, anda, end, enda, ond-, Goth, and, anda-, 
OX.G. and, ant, 0,H,G. ant-, ent-, int-, Gr, 
avW; against y towards, near, with regard 
to; |)e holie pistle )>e me ret to dai and 
(in) ech holie chirche HOM. II. 117; his 
baerd and (f for an) his chinne Laj. 20305 ; 
do^ up and f ? an) waritreo 5704 ; J)e orude fax 
briht is and bleo Misc 91 ; )>e mon be spare]> 
ieorde and ionge childe REL. I. 184 (MiSC. 
130); and ende c. L. 1177* ; and last 127; 
from heih and (ms, &) to herre HOM. I. 207 ; 
and )>at hit wes daei liht La^. 5667 ; he is end 
Ionge feouwer & sixti munden 21993 ; bi- 
winne^ sone sucurs & help and (froni) ure 
loverd A. R. 244; ent domis dai Misa 216; 
ande long (lengthwise) nouht over |)wert Hav. 
2822 ; ende long Marh. 10 ; comp. an-and. 

and% conj., C>.^.and, ond, = O.Fris. and» ande, 
end, ende, 0,L,G, endi, 0,H,G, anti,enti, inti, 
unti; a«</,ANGL.VII.22o; hom. I- 29; Kath. 
289; (ms, annd) Orm. 1849; aefre & aefre 
206 ; aever tweie and tweie tuhte to somne La^. 
24749; aeme^ aevere vorS & vor^ ^^'AT^ 
Digitized b rS*-^ 



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a-noiiuieii* 



and ^ef p\i miht aeine finden 3692 ; ant I04 ; 
& (for & 5if) bu hit nult ileven 8313 ; an 
2297, 5780 ; ana if an. lit. 12 ; and {/or and 
if) Hav. 2862 ; Jos. 389 ; Perc. 1156; ant. 
Arth. xvi ; and i cacche mi3te Langl. J5 ii. 
192 l^if i mihte cacche A ii. 167] ; and, ant 
A. R. 174, 230 ; and, an O. & N. 4, 7 ; C L. 
715* 789; AYENB. 15 ; and, ant, an Hav. 
29, 36 ; ant Jul. 2, 3 ; Kath. 1977 ; spec. 23 ; 
an s. S. (Web.) 730; ande E. G. 20; aend, 
end Mk. 1. 40, iii. 26 ; ent HOM. I. 241 ; ? a P. 
L. S. iii. 13 ; wen he is holden a mai apol. 56. 

aade» sb., 6^.^.anda, onda (indignation^ envy), 
«= 0,L,G, ando, OM,G. ando, anado, O.N, andi 
(breath, spirit) ; breathy spirit, Iw. 3555 ; PR. 
C3054; and TowNL. 154; ond^ ^ (h)aleine' 
voc. 146; PR. P. 364; Alis. 3501; Fer. 
2242 ; Gow. II. 260; ne drage^ ge non onde 
REL. I. 217 ; onde (envy) Laj, 22756 ; A. R. 
274; o. & N. 419 ; Rob. 40; c. l. 211 ; P. s. 
196 ; P. L. S. v.* 51 ; R. R. 148 ; bah men to 
me ban onde spec 29 ; for anden Mat. xxvii. 
18 ; ))urh ande Mk. xv. 10 ; )>urh onden 
[onde] Kath. 893. 
ond-ftily adj.f/uii of envy, A. R. 68*. 

andeily v., 0.N, anda ; breathe ; ande CATH. 9 ; 
ondin PR. p. 364 ; andes (pres,) c. M. 21075. 

[ander-, ande-9 prefix, =ender,=0.^. end; 

formerly,] 
ander-iithy andesith, adv,^ formerly , a M. 
21 10, 24268. 

andetted, see endetted. 

andetten, v., 0,E. an-, ondettan ; confess : 
hio andetten (pret.) hiora sinnan Mat. iii. 6. 

and-^SBten, v., confess: and^xten ure sinnes 
Orm. 1 5 163. 

and^fitinge, sb., confession, Orm. 18027. 
andjAtnesse* sb., confession, Orm. 2762. 

audi, adj., O.^.andig; envious*, ondi Map 336. 

andiren^ sb., t a corruption of O.Fr, andier ; 
andiron \ aundirin PR. P. 19 ; aundire VOC 
176. 

and-l»t, sh.,—M,L.G. antlat, O.Fris. andlete; 

face\ onlaet Orm. 12939 ; onlete HOM. I. 59 ; 
ne tume |)ine anieth me fra PS. xxvi. 9. 

an'-dr&den^ v., 0,E, an-, ondraedan,» C>.Z.(7. 
and-, ant-, andradan, O.H,G. intratan; dread, 
Mk. vi. 50 ; ondraeden Mat. i. 20 ; adreden 
HOM. I. Ill; Lai. 8744 \ ^^ <^^i ^^^ sore 
adreden HiCKES I. 223 ; he mai him adrede 
grame O. & N. 1484 ; ac sore |>u mi^t )>e adrede 
R. S. i; adrede (pres,) P. L. S. viii. j; 
ondrMde, ondredde (pret.) Mat. ii. 22, xiv. 
30; adredde Horn 1170; adrakl [adred] 
(pple,) La;. 10952 ; adred Hav. 1258 ; SPEa 
no; TowNL. 25; adrad Hav. 278; Will. 
X980; Mand. 282; Tor. 289; we weren 
adredde Kath. 1345 ; aren adiadde [adrad] 
Langl. jffxix. 21. 

(knd-B6Btey adj. & sb., 0,E, andsatit,^ Goth. 



andasets; odious; enemy ; Orm. 16071 ; and- 
seteHOM. II. 115, 183 ; ansete I. 107. 

and-seche, sb., O.E. andsaec; denial, HOM. II. 
147. 

and-springen, v., O.E. onspringan,s=C^.Z.d7. 
ant-, anspringan, O.H.G. intspringan ; spring 
up, rise ; andaprong(e) (Pple.) c l. 152*. 

and-sware, sb., 0.E, andswere, answare 
[answere], andswaru; answer; La;. 4412, 
1 1925, 26355; andsware, -swere Orm. 
2404, 12016 ; andswere Mat. ii. 12 ; GEN. & 
EX. 3081 ; ondswere Jul. ii ; andsvare, 
ondsware, answare, onsware, answere, 
ansvere, onswere O. & N. 55, 149, 470, 1176 ; 
answare ISUM. 674; answere Shor. 123 ; 
ansvere Rob. 197 : onswere A. R. 8. 

and-swerien^ v., O.E. and-, ondswerian ; an- 
swer, Laj. 22421 ; andsweren Orm. 2036 ; 
onswerien A. R. 94 ; onswerie hom. I. 73 ; 
ansverie avenb. 67 ; answere Ch. C. t. 
D 1077 ; onswere JOS. 377 ; ich ansverie 
Bek. 531 ; and-y answerede (pret.) Mat. 
viii. 8, xii. 39 ; answerede GEN. & EX. 2728 ; 
ansverede Brd. 9 ; answereden Mand. 229. 

[and-wane], awane, adj., O.N. andvana, 
andvani ; wanting, lacking : to dei he mei to 
mar^ hit him is awane HOM. I. 21 ; hit is 
onwane of his hele 29. 

and-weoro, sb., O.E. andweorc ; material : 
of jiissen andweorke alle ]>ing he iwrouhte 
FRAG. 8. 

and-wnrden, v., O.E. BXidwyrdaLn,'^OJI,G. 
antwurtan, Goth, andwaurdjan ; reply ; and- 
wurde (pret.) HOM. I. 91. 

ane^ see an. 

an-efen, prep., O.E. on efen, « O.L.G. aneban, 
modEng. anent ; near to^ against; anen 
Mand. 80 ; onefent (t paragogic, see Gr. 
GRAM. III. 217) A. R. 164* ; anent Alex. 735 ; 
anentis, anemptis WiCL. John v. 45 ; rel. II. 
47 ; anemptes Halliw. 61 ; onence PR. 01355, 

ftn-e^edy adj.^ one-eyed ; oneyid PR, P, 365; 
oni^ed a, p. ii. 102. 

a^-ndhy adv., near; al )^t heo aneh comen 
Laj, 3827. 

an^en, v., O.Fr. 2ine\er,from Lat. anhelare. : 
pant after, puff at : berez and borez and 
etaines . . . )>at him an61ede (pret.) of |>e he^ 
felle Gaw. 722 [Morris renders * attacked, wor^ 
ried'] ; of linage a gret gentilman anelid to 
Jris bischaprik Wint. viii. xxxviii. 230. 

an-elen, v., O.E. an-, onalan ; set on fire^ 
bum ; andlend (ms. anhelend) HOM,' I. 219 : 
onealde (pret.) HOM. I. 97 ; aneled (pple.) 
Gow. III. 96 ; anelid Wicl. Is. xvi. 7. 

an-^lie, v., anoint with oil, Shor. 44 ; an^le)' 
(pres.) 43 ; an61id (pple.) ^inunctus' PR. P. 
II ; anelet Mirc 1812. 
an61inge, sb., anointing with oil, Hnunctioi 
PR. P. II. 

a-nemnen, v., 0,E. anemaan, « Af. /f, (?. 

Digitized by VjOG 



a-nemnen. 



angri. 



25 



emennen ; name; anenmeda {pret) P. L. s. 

XV. 20. 
anerliy adv^ tjrom ftn ; cUone^ Barb. vii. 59 ; 

all anerli v. 281 ; Hamp. tr. 4, 
inesy see Snes. 

a neuHte, see ndhweote under n§h. 
aliens, sb., pi., O^r.aniaus, //. ^anel ; rings ^ 

iinksyfetiersy Man. (H.) 167, 278. 
a-newen, v., = 0,H,G. imiuwon ; renew ; 

anewe dep. R. iii. 24; Penndwi)> WiCL. 

ECCLUS. xxxviii. 30; Penewes Townl. 314. 
ta-fald, adj., O.E. Snfeald ; simple^ hom. I. 

151 ; Marh. II ; Orm. 18668; C. m. 6342 ; 

ofeald HOM. II. 187. 
ftnflBtlde-Iiohe, adv., simply y HOM. I. 5. 
an-felt, sb., 0,E. an-, onfilt, = O.H,G. anevalz, 

AfJ?u, aenbelt, -bilt; anvil \ anvelt ^ incus* 

rel. I. 6; Trev. III. 207; Ch. d, Bl. 

1 165 ; anefeltWiCL. ECCLUS. xxxviii. 29; anvilt 

Fbr. 1308. 
an'-fdn, v., 0,E. an-, onfon,=(9./^.^. antfa- 

han ; receive ; onfon LA5. 1069 ; Orm. 17948; 

ODR}p ( pres.) Orm. 4224 ; heo onfo]> frag. 

7 ; onf&ng (pret.) Laj. 134 ; onfengen Mat. 

ii. 12 ; Orm. 1439(3 ; anf5n (pple.) LA5. 8827. 
an-gard, sb., arrogance^ d. Troy 9745; 

ongart M. H. 49 ; angardea (gen,) Gaw. 681. 
ange, sb., 0.^.ange, = O.H.G, ango ; anguish, 

distress : him was waj & ange Orm. 11904; 

unae)>e & al wi^ ange 16289 ; & dide him 

mikel ange 19804. 
angel, sb., 0,E. ange\,^0.//,G. angul, O.N. 

6ngu]l ; angle^fish'hooky * (h)amus,* frag. 2 ; 

Mat. xviL 27 ; angil PR. P. 12. 
angil-hoo, sh.y fish-hook^ WiCL. Is. xix. 8. 
ongel-twfldoohe, sb., O, E. angeltwicce ; 

angle-twitch {worm used as a bait) ; * lu(m)' 

MCUS* FRAG. 3, 

angel, j^ engeL 

an'-^n, prep. & adv., 0,E, an-, onge^, -gen, 
-gean, » OX,G. angegin, OJI,G. mgagan, 
OJ^, Igegn; againy against^ LEB. Jes. 316; 
HOM. 1. 219 ; heo umen on^m him HOM. 1. 3 ; 
dunt a^in dunt 15; a^ein ^even give backy 
return 31 ; hwan ic a^ cherre {return) 79 ; 
c^ein 7 ; on^ean frag. 6 ; ongen, -geanes 
Mat. xii. 30, 32 ; on^ein, -;ean, a^ein, -^in, 
•)en, -jaen, -^eines, -Jenes LA3. 1590, 1667, 1900, 
5917, 6178, 8837, 16223, 23157 ; for |)i was 
mikd wraeche set on^aen ^t woh Orm. 18 ; 
on^xnes kinde 249 ; a^ein, a^ean, a^eines A. r. 
14, 50, 216; and eiper ajen [ayein] o)>er 
swal O. & N. 7 ; ajemes nht 137 1 ; ajeines 
bare hete nere hit al noht R. S. v (misc. 182) ; 
jat ajen ns is so hende ROB. 109 ; ajein even 
159; he was a^en idrive Bek. 678; a^ein 
kuinde JOS. 106 ; cominge him a^eines 562 ; 
a^n [ageines] his wille Langl. A vii. 70 ; 
i shal bringe f^e a^in [^reducam te^] into 
bis lond WiCL. GEN. xxviii. 15; a^ens his 
DTO^ [* adversus fratrem suum *J iv. 8 ; ajen, 
a^nst Mand. 12,220; a3en,agem HAV.489, 



493 ; agein ToR. 2709 ; a^e cunde Brd. 9 ; 
ayen Misc 27 ; zellej) ham ayen ayenb. 36 ; 
aye, ayens j)ane holi gost 28, 29; ojain 
Trist. 712; a-, egain c. m. 1537, 1538; 
agen (r. w. ben) gen. & ex. 405 ; ageon 3912 ; 
agon (r. w, fon) 438 ; on-, ajenes procl. 5, 6 ; 
ajenest Laj. 22476*, 

a^ein-bie, v., redeem, WiCL. Lk. xxiv. 21 ; 
ajenboghte {pret,) Mand. 2; a^eenbo^t 
{pple.) WiCL. ISA. bcii. 12. 

ajein-biere, sb., redeemer, WiCL. Job xix. 
25. 

ajein-bite, sb., remorse, ayenb. i. 

agein-ohar, sb., for ^einohar; return, 
Angl. II. 233. 

a^ein-oiime, sb., coming again, s. A. L. 155. 

aySn-ye£I>e, sb. {for jenjefjje) ; a gift made 
in return, ayenb. 120. 

a)§n-ri8ing, sb., resurrection, WiCL. John 
xi. 25. 

a^ein-Bawe, sh.,for ^einsawe ; c. M. 8382. 

a^-tum, sb.,j^r ^Sntum; Will. 4182. 

a^in-ward, adv., 0.E, ongeanward ; back- 
wards; on^einwaerd, a^eward Laj. 1673; 
ajeinward Jul. 72; ajeanward a. r. 274; 
agenward gen. & ex. 1782 ; a^ein-, a^enward 
WiCL. Mk. iv. 35 ; ayeward ayenb. 48. 

aySn-wi^te, sb. {for ^§nwi;te),<«6^^. ge- 
gengewicht ; counterpoise, ayenb. 247. 
anger, sb., 0.N, angr;».y anger, grief. Will. 
552; Gow. I. 282; Iw. 1529; E. T. 914; 
anger and tene GEN. & ex. 2992 ; anger and 
wa PR. C 3517 ; in anger and in care Egl. 
150; in anger, pine, and mekile wo mir. pl. 
161 ; angrea ful a. r. 370 ; angre {dat,) Ch, 
Boet. il 4; angres {pL) Langl. ^ xii. 11. 

[anger-lioh,adj., O.N. angrligr] angerliohe 
{adv.) painfully, angrily, Trev. III. 81; 
Gow. I. 292 ; angerli Man. (F.) 3759. 
an '-gin, sb.,0.jE'. an-, ongin,^OX.G.,O.H.G. 
anagin ; commencement, HOM. I. 217 ; angun 
II. 107 ; anginne {pl.) Mat. xxiv. 8. 
an^ginnen, v., O.E. an-, onginnan,B^.Z^<^. 
ontginnen, O.H.G. inginnan ; commence ; on- 
gan {pret) Orm. 2801 ; ongon Jul. 13 ; 
ongunnen hom. I. 89. 

an'-^it, sb., O.E. and-, ondgit; intellect*, 
an^te {dat) HOM. I. 99.. 
an'-^ten, v., O.E. ongitan; perceive, Laj. 
26623 ; i^tte {pres.) misc. 193 ; on^eat 
{pret^ HOM. I. 223 ; an^aet Laj. 15726. 
angle, sb., 0,Fr. angle, Lot. angulus ; angle, 
comer, Ch. C. t. B 304. 
Angle, pr. n., Anglia, Man. (F.) 4097. 
angren, v., O.N. angra ; anger, vex, distress, 
Orm. 428 ; angre Trev. V. 355 ; )>at angreth 
me sore Langl. Bw. 117; angred (pple.) 
MED. 744 ; PR. C. 302 ; fe king was angred 
Fer. 262. 
angri. adj.. troutieso^^^^tr^M^^n^^^ 



^6 



,ftiigri« 



an-liolL 



^molestus^ REL. I. 8 ; Gow. I. 283 ; Ch. C. 

T. .43157. 
angrom, sb. {cf, agr&mien), affliction^ ^ an- 

gustiuy PS. cxviii. 143. 
ang-8um, adj., 0,E, angsum {from *ang, 

adj,=0,H,G. ang, 0,N, ongr, Goih. aggws, 

narrow) ; strait^ narrow^ * angustus^ Mat. 

vii. 14. 
anxuiniieaBe,sb., 0,E, angsumness ; anxiety ^ 

Orm. 10457. 
angnisse, sb., 0,Fr. anguisse ; anguish^ Rob. 

177 ; Ch. Boet. iii. 7 (79) ; Man. (F.) 4835 ; 

anguise A. R. 234 ; angusse treat. 140. 

angtlisseily v., O.Fr. anguisser; anguish \ 
anguisse)) (pres,) Ch. Boet. iii. 8 (80) ; an- 
guisi {f printed angrisi) {subj^ ayenb. 146. 

ang^uiflsous, adj., O.Fr. angoissous ; full of 

anguish^ RoB. 157 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (41) ; ))e 

anguisuse dea^ A. R. 112. 
an-hacU sb., unity, Kath. 932 ; onhod c. l. 

10; anhede PR. C. 16; onhede ayenb. 79; 

trans. XIX. 333 ; WiCL. I TlM.iii.2 ; apol. 35. 
an-hangen, v., 0,E, onhangian ; hang up ; 

anhongen LA5. 1 3 166; anhonge Bek. 724; 

anhongej? {pres,) ayenb. 51 ; anhanged, 

anhonged (/>/<?.) Ch. C. t. ^3945; an- 

honged A. R. 126; ayenb. 241; an-, on- 

honged Will, i 564, 4773. 
an*-healden, v.,=a/>'/j. onthalda, M.H,G. 

enthalten ; retain ; anhialde {ppie,) ayenb. 

152. 
an =^-hebben,v., 0.E, anhebban, = O.H. G, ant-, 

inthefFan ; heave up, lifty exalt, La^. 12627 ; 

onhefS {pres>i HOM. I. 113 ; anhof {sec, text 

ahof) {pret) Laj. 21625 ; anhefden, onheve- 

den ROM. II. 177 ; onheven (»w. onhevene) 

{pple,) HOM. I. 117. 

an-he^en, v., f exalt \ anheji {tfor aheji), 
ayenb. 23. 

an-hende» adj., one-handed \ onhende ^man- 
cus ' FRAG. 3. 

an-heten, v., O.E. onbsetan ; heat ; anhet 

{pres,) MISC. 30 ; ayenb. 108. 
an-hitten, v., hit i wi)> swerde ihc J>e anhitte 

(?an hitte) HORN (L.) 712; mhitte {pret) 

Rob. 185. 
an-hon, v., 0,E. onhon ; hang up, Laj. 729 ; 

(hi) anhotJ {pres.) o. & N. 1646; anhdng 

(pret,) Laj. 29358 ; anhongen {pple.) LA3. 

1023; anhonge O. & N. 1195 ; P. L. S. x. 7 ; 

Shor. 86; P. s. 213; anhon {pple.) Laj. 

3083^; A. D. 261. 
an-htingreny v., de hungry; cmhnngred 

(pple.) Alis. 1230 ; OCTOV. (W.) 467 ; p. 23 ; 

Trey. III. 471 ; Langl. ^x. 59*, Cxii. 43* ; 

anhungrid PR. p, 172. 
an-hiimed, adj., O.E. anhymed; one-horned, 

* unicornis ; ' )!e anhumde Marh. 7, 
[an-hwerfedy adj., constant.] 



anhwerfed-leky sb., constancy; anwhet- 

fedle^c Orm. hi 24. 
&niy see £ni. 
aniente, anientice, v., O.Fr. anientir, anien- 

tiss-; annihilate, Langl. ^xvii. 285 ; aniin- 

tischin PR. P. 12 ; anientised {pple.) £. G. 6 ; 

cf. enentisoht. 
a-nimen, v., O.E. animan ; receive, take up ; 

anymeS {imper.) Mat. xxv. 28 ; anam {pret!) 

HOM. I. 229. 
anin, y.,^O.H,G. einon; unite; onin PR. P. 

365 ; one)? {pres.) ayenb. 88 ; oned {pple.) 

Trey. V. 341 ; Ch. C. t. D 1968. 
ftninge, sb., = O.H.G. einunga ; union ; 

oninge PR. P. 365 ; ayenb. 65 ; Trey. V. 9. 
an-innen, prep., O.E. oninnan ; within : ic inc 

habbe . . . aninnemine benden Laj. 5617 ; he 

lette al )>at wel weorpen fer aninnen 6428. 
anious, see anoious. 
anis, sb., Fr. anis ; anise, spec. 26. 
a-niSerien, v., O.E. ani¥erian,=G^^r. emie- 

dem ; abcise ; ani^eri [aneo))eri] Laj. 14861 ; 

anel'ered {pple.) Rob. 217. 
anjoiniy see enjoinen. 
an-kenned, adj., O.E. ancenned ; only-be- 

gotten, Orm. 17003. 

anker, sb., O.E. 3j\cor,=^ O.N.G. ancher m., 
from Lat.^xicoT^fs anchor, Hay. 521 ; Will. 

568; Trist. 366; LiDG. M. p. 50; ankir 

OCTAY. (H.)433 ; ankeres {pi.) LA5. 25539 ; 

ancres Aus. 1416 ; deriv. anoren. 
anker-mon^ sb., anchor-man, ^proreta^ 

FRAG. 2. 
anker*, sb., O.E. ancor ; anchorite, Bek. i i 5 5 ; 

R. R. 6348 ; anores {pi.) Langl. prol. A 28 ; 

cf. anore. 
anlace, sb., a soH of dagger, d. Arth. 1148 ; 

ahlas Ch. C. t. A 357 ; aunlaz Hay. 2554. 
an-l^pi^, sb., O.E. anlepig, senlypig ; single, 

sole, Orm. i i ; anlepi Kath. 74 ; anlaepi Laj. 

13359 ; onlepi Hay. 1094 ; ayenb. 13 ; apol. 

38 ; onlepi, elpi [atilepi] A. R. 1 16, 366 ; enlepi, 

enlipi, alpi HOM. I. 23, 75 ; olupi E. G. 350; 

alpi REL. II. 275 ; aenne d&lpine {acc^ broker 

Laj. 31451. 
dnldpi-hSde, sb., singleness, AYENB. 21. 

~5nldpi-liohey adv., singly, alone, Misc 28 ; 

AYENB. 55. 
an-lich, adj., O.E. an-, aenlTc,s= ilf.Z^. eenlic ; 

only : min aniiche sune Lk. ix. 38 ; in on- 

liche stude A. R. 152 ; onliohe, {adv^ ayenb. 

265; Will. 3155; Mirc 656; pl. cr. 534; 

anli I w. 3744 ; Snlukest {superlat.) A. R. 90. 
an-lich,adj., a^.an-, onlic,=if/.//:(7.anelIch, 

Goth, analeiks ; alike, like. Mat. xviii. 23 ; ^et 

is him anlich ayenb. 186 ; |>et stat make)> ]>ane 

)»et hit wel loke]> anlike to f e angles of hevene 

227 ; alike PR. P. 10; aliohe {adv.), alike Gow. 

I. 268 ; A. P. ii. 1477 ; alle are )>ei aliche longe 

Langl, i^xvi. 57; olike pr. C7360 ; alitwas 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



an-IIoh. 



apainen. 



27 



him olike lo% GEN. & EX. 2024; Saxons . . . 

hight(e) alle oliche Man. (F.) 41. 
anlionftflse, sb., 0J£, anllcness; likeness^ 

imagey ayenb. 88; an-, onlicnesse, onlichnesse 

HOM. I. 59, 95, 223; onlicnesse A. R. 18 ; Orm. 

5056 ; onlicnesse [anlichnisse] La). 1 141, 

21 154 ; anlicnisse Mat. xxii. 20. 
an-licnen, v., « M.H.G, anellchen ; resemble, 

anlikni AYENB. loi ; anlikne]> (fires.) 16 ; 

anlicned (pfile,) compared, 61. 
an'-lihten, v., 0,E. onlyhtan, - O.H.G. int- 

liohten; enlighten; onlihteS (fres,) HOM. 

I. 97; onlight {imper,) PS. cxviii. 135; he 

oniihte Davi¥es hcorte HOM. I. 97. 
an-mody adj., 0,E. anm6d,= (9.^.(7. cin- 

mnot; unanimous, HOM. I. loi ; onmod II. 

183. 
finnesse, sb., 0£, ^ness,eO.//'.(7. einussa, 

einnissa ; umty, HOM. 1. 93 ; onnesse A. R. 12. 
anniverBariey sb., Fr, anniversaire ; anrnver- 

sary ; anniversaries (//.) A. R. 22. 
[anoilezL, v., OJ^'r, enuiler ; anoint with oil], 
anoilin^ sb., anointing, H. S. 844 ; anoilinge 

AYENB. 14. 

anoiiit, anointiiiy see enoint, enointin. 

anoioiiSy adj., OJrr, anoious, anuieus (=en- 
nuieus) ; noxious, Ch. Boet. i. 2 {7) ; anions 
Gaw. 534 ; noious WiCL. I TiM. vi. 9. 

anour, -oureiiy see honour, -ouren. 

anotime, v., for aoumen ; see adomen ; 
adorn, WiCL. GEN. xxiv. 47. 

anaomementy sb., ornament, a. p. ii. 1290. 

ftn-red, adj., O.E. anraed, O.H.G einrat; 
constofit, piersevering, HOM. I. 115. 
anr&d-liche, 2Av., persistently, HOM. II. 61. 
ftnrddnesse, sb., O.E. anrsedness; con- 
stancy, HOM. 1. 107 ; an-, onrednesse A. R. 12. 

an-sechen, v., 0,E. onsecan ; cUtack ; on- 
sSken {pres.) G£N. & ex. 851; onsohte 
(pret.) LA3. 5657. 

ansel, anser, sb., a sort of balance ; aunsel, 
auncel, aunscr, auncer Langl. Aw, 132, 
Bv, 218, Cvii. 224. 

an-senOy sb., 0,E, an-, onslon, -sTen, -syn, 
= (?X.G^.asiun; countenance ; ons^nQ ^fades' 
FRAG. 2; HOM. 1. 191; O.&N. 1706; ansine 
leechd. III. 132; ansiene ^aspectus^ Mat. 
xxxviii. 3. 

an-nne, sb., 0,E. an-, onsyn; f swoon; as 

povre wif )^t £alle}> in ansine an. lit. 10. 
an'-8tanden» v., 0,E, andstandan; resist: 

a^ )« Dennis to anstond(e) Rob. 267. 
in-standende, pple., standing alone, hom. 

I. 221. 
ant, see and. 
ante, sb., O.Fr. zxiXjt,from Lat. amita ; aunt; 

annte Rob. 37 ; Langl. ^ v. 153. 
antefiie, sb., O^. SLXite£n,from medXat, anti- 

phona ; anthem, a. R. 34 ; antein P. L. s. ix. 185. 



antioriat, sb., antichrist, PR. c 4065. 
antiphoner, sb., OJ^r. antiphonier; anti- 

phoner, voc 230 ; Ch. C. t. B 1709. 
antrOy see aventfLre. 
an-nfen, adv., 0,E, onufan ; above ; anufene 

L^ 16432 ; onufen Lk. xi. 44 ; onuven a. r. 

236; Jul. 53; anoven Horn (L.) 624; p. s. 

188. 
anuven-an, prep. & adv., on from above, 

(ffor uvenan), Laj. 15493; anovenon Fl, & 

Bl. (H.) 643. 
anufen-ward, adv. & prep., towards the top 

(of), P. L. S. xiii. 341 ; Fer. 622 ; fa com se 

fir onufenweard )>one stepel Sax. chr. 249. 
aniiiy sb., 0,Fr. anui, anoi (see enniii) ; an- 
noyance, trouble, A. R. 94 ; anoi ayenb. 267 ; 

nui a L. 442. 
aniden, v., OF'r. anoier,=ennoier, ennuier; 

annoy ; anuie Hav. 173 j ; anoie Shor. 36 ; 

anoie, noie WiCL. EX. xxii. 22; anuied (pple,) 

La^. 2259* ; Bek. iooi. 
annnoiaoioiuiy sb., annunaation,TKEV. Mill. 

351. 
an-trnder, prep., under, hom. I. 193 ; misc. 

44 ; REL. 1. 48 ; A. p. i. 1080 ; ))at alle anunder 

him were Brd. i ; anunder bis SPEC. 35 ; 

anonder Horn (L.) 567; anondir OCTOV. 

(W.) 550, 
an-uppen, prep., 0,E. onuppan ; upon, hom. 

II. 107; pc he onuppen fal% Mat. xxi. 44; 

anuppon, onuppen, anuppe HOM. 1. 3, 43, 133 ; 

anuppe )>isse dune Misc 85 ; anoppe LA3. 

1916*. 
aniiri, see honouren. 
anvenime, see envenime. 
an-wald, sb., 0,E. an-, onweald, « O.H.G. 

anawalt ; power, dominion ; an walde, on walde 

(dat^ LA3. 8456, 13950 ; whaet heo haefden on 

anwolde 13182 ; under mire on walde hom. I. 

13; of deofles on walde 15. 
aii-weald, adj., 0£. onweald; powerful; 

anwealda gastes hom. 1. 219. 
an-wende, v., 0,E, onwendan; avert, Laj. 

31438. 

an-, on-wil, adj., obstinate, A. R. 56, 400. 
an-wille, adj., 0,E, anwiUe,= O./^.CP. einwilli ; 

onwille * obstinatus* FRAG. 5. 
an-wiSre, prep., against : )« wind him com 

onwi^ere [on wi here] LA5. 2884 ; have^ ))eos 

wind & |)eos weder awi^r [awi)>er] him istonde 

12060. 
anznm, see angsiun. 
aonren, v., 0,Fr, aourer; adore; aonrede 

(pret) P. L. S. xix. 32. 
aonmen, see adomen. 
apaie, v., 0,Fr, apaier; satisfy, appease, 

HiCKES I. 228; apaied (fple,) Rob. 117; 

Will. 1883; Langl. -4 vi. no. 
apainen, v., 0,Fr. apainer ; pain : him 

apaine}> (pres,) mani a screwe SUOR. 146. t 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



2S 



apalsen. 



ai". 






apaisen, v., O.Fr, apaisier ; appease ; apai- 

sede {pret.) Ch. Boet. iv. 7 (148). 
Ape, sb., 0,E, apa,, = 0,N, api, O.H,G. affo; 

<«/^, voc. 188 ; A. R. 248 ; o. & N. 1325. 

^ &pe-warde, sb., ape keeper, Langl. B v. 640. 

Ape-ware, sb., counterfeit wares, A. R. 248. 

ai>eoliey v., 0,Fr, empecher, Lat. impedicare ; 

hinder; impeach, SACR. 302 ; apSohed {pple,) 

Shor. 38. 
apechour, sb., impecuher, PR. P. 12. 
apeiren, see empeiren. 
apel, sb., 0,Fr. apel ; appeal, peal, * appellatio, 

classicumj PR. P. 12, 13; RoB. 473; REL. 

II. 227 ; Langl. Cxx. 284. 
ap^lin, v., 0,Fr, apeler; appeal \ appelin 

"•appello' PR. p. 13; appele P. R. L. P. 157; 

ap^den {pret,) WiCL. i Macc x. 64. 
aperceive, v., 0,Fr, apercevoir ; perceive, Ch. 

astr. ii. 35 ; aparoeive]? (pres*) ayenb. 57. 
ap^ren, v., 0,Fr, aparoir; appear \ apeeren 

Langl. A iii. 109 ; apere rel. II. 228 ; appere 

Ch. C. t. a 2346 ; PR. c. 5243 ; ap^rede, 

apierede (pret,) MISC. 26, 27. 
apert, adj., 0,Fr, apert ; apert, open, manifest, 

Rob. 501 ; AYENB. 203 ; Alis. 2450 ; m. t. 70 ; 

PR. c. 4490. 
apert-liohe, adv., apertly, Rob. 375 ; J OS. 

276 ; apertli Will. 4706. 
apointen, v., 0,Fr, apointer ; appoint ; apomt 

Gow. II. 151; apointed {pple.) Gow. II. 

265. 

apoisonen, see enpoisonen. 
apost&te, sb., O.Fr, apostate ; apostate, ayenb. 
^ 19. 
' apostel, sb., 0,E. apostol, 0,Fr, apostle, LcU, 

apostolus; afostle, HOM. I. 41 ; ayenb. 41; 

apofitlea (//.) hom. I. 75 ; apostle {gen. pi,) 

Mat. X. 2; apostlene Shor. 51. 
apostem, sb., 0,Fr, aposteme, apostume, Gr. 

dn6(TTTjfia ; imposthume, CATH. 1 1 ; apostim, 

apostume PR. P. 13 ; apostims (pi,) PR. c. 

2995- 
apostolie, sb., 0,Fr, apostolie, apostoile; 

pope; \>a.n holi appostolie (sec. text pope) 

LA3. 29014; apostoill Man. (H.) 130. 
apoteoarie, sb., 0,Fr. apotecaire; apothecary; 

apotecaries (pL) Ch. C. t. A 425 ; Mand. 

51. 
appallen, v., / 0,Fr, apallir, mod.Eng, appal; 

grow or make pale or feeble; appalle)> 

(pres:) Shor. 91 ; apalled {pple) Ch. C. t. 

A 3053. 
appareil, sb., 0,Fr, appareil; preparation, 

apparatus, apparel, WiCL. I Macc. ix. 35 ; 

apparail Man. (F.) 657. 
appareilen, v., 0,Fr. apareiUer ; prepare, fit 

out, apparel; apparaile, apparaille Langl. 

A'\\. 148; aparailde (pret.) Will. 1146; 

aparailed (pple.) MISC 26. 



apparence, sb., 0»Fr, apparence ; appearance, 

Ch. C. t. ^218. 
appel, sb., O.E, aeppel, aepl, m, n,, » 0,Fris. 

appel, OM.G. aphol m., OJV. epli n., Jr. 

abhal, ubhal, Gael ubhal, Welsh afal; 

apple, Orm. 81 18 ; o. & N. 135 ; treat. 132 ; 

)jen appel R. S. vii ; H. H. 10 ; appel of the 

eie voc. 145 ; eppel hom. I. 25 ; ayenb. 84 ; 

}>es eppel A. R. 52 ; epple (dat) HOM. I. 123 ; 

of ))en epple A. R. 66 ; apples {pL) gen. & 

ex. 1129 ; SPEC. 35 ; aepple leechd. III. 118 ; 

applen Rob. 283 ; applen (dcU, pi.) P. L. s. 

xxiii. 78. 
appul-^erd, sb., apple-yard, PR. P. 13. 
appul-hordy sb., stock of apples, PR. P. 13. 
appul-mos, sb., » MT'H, G. apfelmuos ; 

stewed apples, ^pomacium,* PR. P. 13. 
appul-seller, sb., PR. P. 13. 
appel-trd, sb., apple-tree, H. H. 93 (95). 
»I>el-tun, sb., ^pomarium^ frag. 4. 
appenden, v., 0,Fr, apendre ; appertain, be- 
long; appende)? (pres,) Langl. Au 43; 

appendith Ch. C. t. /1024; apendez Gaw. 

623. 

appertenatmce, sb., 0,Fr, apertenance ; ap- 
purtenance, Alis. 1829. 
appertenenty adj., appertinent, Ch. C. t. 

E loio. 
appertienen, v., 0,Fr, apertenir ; appertain, 

Ch. Boet. iii. 4 {^i), 
appetit, sb., O.Fr. appetit, apetit; appetite, 

Ch. C. t. D 1218. 
applien, v., 0,Fr, aplier ; apply, Ch. Boet. 

V. 4 (161) ; applie lud. Coy. 34. 
aprentis, sb., 0,Fr, aprentis; apprentice, 

Langl. Civ. 281 ; prentis -^ iii. 218 ; aprentis 

(//.) WiCL. E. w. I. 382. 
apr6ohen, v., O.Fr, aprocher; approach, 

Ch. Boet. i. i (6) ; aprochi p. L. S. xxi. 118. 
aproprien, v., O.Fr. aproprier ; appropriate ; 

apropred {pple.) ayenb. 40; appropried 

PR. c, 9346. 
apr6ye, v., O.Fr. aprover; approve. Am. & 

Amil. 803; apr6ved, appreoved (pple.) 

Trev. III. 265 ; apprevcd CH. L. G. w. 21. 
apte, adj., Fr. apte ; apt, Pall. iii. 858 ; apt 

s. A. L. 68. 

aqveintance, see aoointance. 
aqy^re, v., O.Fr. aqverre ; acquire ; acqwere 

s. s. (Wr.) 1081. 
aqvitance, aoqvitance, sb., O.Fr. acqvit- 

ance; acquittance, Langl. Bjas. 189; Ch. 

C. T. -^444x1. 
aqvite, v., O.Fr. aqviter ; acquit, R. R. 6742 ; 

aqvitti AYENB. 137 ; acwiten A. R. 124. 
ar, sb., O.N. 6r n.; scar, ^ cicatrix^ Halliw. 

77 ; arre WiCL. LEV. xxii. 22 ; an erre (ms. a 

nerre) voc. 209 ; erres (pi.) PR. C 5327. 
ar, see fbt and or. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Arabiss. 

ArabisZy sb., 0,Fr. Arabis, Arabit, Arabi; 
Arab^ HOM. I. 5. 

arice, v., 0,Fr, csracier, Lat exradicare ; pull 
up by the roots y tear away, Ch. C. t. -£" i 103 ; 
ar^ushed (pple.) Shor. 156. 

a-raoheiiy v., O.E. arsecan, = 0,H,G. errei- 
chen ; reach ; arechin * attingo ' PR. p. 14 ; 
arechen, areachen A. R. 128, 166; areachen 
to J>e heovene Marh. 12; areche Horn (L.) 
1220 ; p. L. s. XX. 94 ; Shor. 154 ; Gow. I. 
150 ; WiCL. John xiii. 26 ; al |>at his ax areche 
might Rich. 7039; arahte [arahte] (pret,) 
LA3. 10539 ; to Daris . . . twenti pund he 
ara^e Fl. & Bl. 812 ; stume strokes that 
arajte Halliw. ^^ ; arftjt (pple^ Fl. & Bl. 
687 J o best him was araujt {ffor atrau^t) 
S. s. (Web.) 895. 

a-rocLezL, v., OJE*. arsedan, -= O.H.G, irraten ; 
conjecture, interpret^ explain^ aredan HOM. 
I. 121 ; of whiche no man ne cou)ie areden 
^ nombre Alis. 51 15; arede misc. 45; 
Gow. I. 24; hi )>at arede]? (pres.) }>ise re- 
deles Shor. 24; arede {tmper,) Wicl. 
Mat. xxvi. 68 ; arild (Jfret,)y be sweven . , . 
|>at Daniel an one arad Gow. I. 25. 

a-p»ren[arere},v.,0.£'.araeran; rearup^ raise 
upy LA3. 2023 ; areran ane buruh HOM. I. 93 ; 
fet heo miihten J>e deade arearen vrom dea¥e 
to live A, r. 390 ; arere Bek. 901 ; Trist. 
2834 ; OCTOV. (W.) 21 ; LUD. Gov. 132 ; arere 
fet heved AYENB. 31 ; ar£re)> {pres,) frag. 7 ; 
arer (tmper.) HOM. I. 211; arerde {pret) 
LA3. 14229; arearde Kath. 1043; feo (>at 
. . . uvele lawe arerde Misa 64 ; arSred 
{.ppie.) Rob. 7; he hedde arered and imad 
manie werren ayenb. 239 ; ])e rode is up 
arered spec 85. 

araineiiy v., (9.Fr., arainier, araigner; ar- 
raign ; areine P. L. s. xxv. 85 ; arene L. H. R. 
147 ; areined (pret.) Trev. IV. 303. 

araniOy cranie, sb., OJ^'r, araigne; spider, 
^aranea^ PR. P. 14, 140. 

a-r&ten, v., reprove, Langl. B xi. 98 ; re- 
buked and arated xiv. 163. 

arber, sb.,»herber; arbour \ in Jje garden 
. . . was an arber fair and grene and in )>e 
arber was a tre SQ. L. deg. 28. 

arbitreSy sb., arbitress, ayenb. 154. 

arbitroory sb., arbitrator ; arbitrouris (//.) 
WlCL. 3 ESDR. viii. 26. 

arblaste, sb., C>.i^r.arbaleste,Za/.arcubaIista; 
arbalast, Rob. 377 ; arblaste, arblast ayenb. 
47, 71 ; arblast RICH. 1867. 

arblaster, sb., O.Fr. arbalestier; arbalaster\ 
arblaaters (//.) R. R. 4196. 

arc, sb., O.Fr, arc, arche ; arc, arch ; ark Ch. 
C. T. E 1795 ; arche Trev. I. 215 ; arches 
(pi.) LEG, 157, 

archangel, sb., Lat, archangdus ; archangel, 
HOM. I. 41. 

arche. see arke. 



a^redden. 



29 



archebischop, sb., O.E. arcebiscop, Lat. ar- 

chiepiscopus ; archbishop, Bek. 493 ; aerchc- 

biscop LA5. 12636 ; erchebischop Man. (F.) 

6873. 
aroheblsohop-riohe, sb., archbishopric, 

p. L. s. xiii. 71. 
arohebisoop-stdl, sb., see of an archbishop, 

Laj. 12657. 
archedekne, erchedekne, sb., O.E. arce- 

diacon, Lat. archidiaconus ; archdeacon, Ch. 

C, T. D 1302 ; arcedekne Bek. 170. 
archer, sb., O.Fr. archier; archer, leg. 220; 

AYENB. 45 ; archer, archier Ch. C. t. B 1929 : 

archers (pi.) Rob. 199. 
arpherie, sb., archery, lud. Cov. 44 ; pr. p, 

14. 
architricliiiy sb., O.Fr. architriclin, Lat. ar- 

chitricllnus ; ruler of the feast (often mistaken 
for a proper name). Misc. 29; WiCL. John 

11. o. 

ardatmt, adj., Fr. ardent ; ardent, Ch. Boet, 
iii. 12 (106). 

fixe, sb., O.E. ar/, = O.N. ar ; oar, Flor. 1878 ; 
Trist. 366; ore PR. p. 368; Hav. 187 i : 
Will. 2754; s. s. (Wr.) 3153. 
are-hole, sb., oar-hole, voc. 239. 

are, sb.,« O.E. ar, O.N. sera, O.L.G., O.H.G. 
era, O.Fris. ere ; honour,grace, mercy, m.t. 38 ; 
are & milce Orm. 1476; )>in are (ms, f>i nare) 
Trist. 2135 ; in menske and are c M. 4245 ; 
swa bide ich godes are [ore] Laj. 2972 ; he 
dude mare to Peteres are 31956 (miswritten 
aere 5336) ; crie him ^eome J>er of merci & ore 
[are] A. R. 136 ; ore frag. 8 ; o. & n. 886 ; 
Hav. 211 ; Rob. 340; Tor. 916; m. Arth. 
1344 ; bi godes ore Fl. & Bl. 173 ; he ^af alle 

te kni^tes ore Horn (L.) 1509; for to habbe 
in(e) ore Bek. 533 ; in goddes ore Mirc 585 ; 
ore, oore Ch. C. t. A yj^6 ; aore hom. 1. 187. 

5r-fest, adj., O.E. arfaest; dutiful, ^pius,' 
frag. 3. 

ftre-ftd, adj., O.E. arfull ; merciful, Orm. 
1460. 

&re-l§B, adj., O.E. arleas ; merciless, hom. I. 
173; arelies, oreles P. L. s. viii. 100; arelses 
Orm. 9881 ; orleas frag. 6, • oreleas hom. II, 
226. 

ftr-wurSe, adj., 0J£. arwyr^e ; honourable : 
arwurt^ore (comp.) Mat. xx. 28. 

fir-wiirSen, v., O.E. arwui^ian, -wyr^ian, 
-weor^ian ; honour. Sax. chr. 30. 

ftr-w(u)r8lioe, adv., honourably, HOM. 1. 229. 
a-reoohen, v., O.E. areccan, = O.H.G. irrec- 
chan ; explain, expound, enounce, Laj. 28097 ; 
areche us )»is bispel Mat. xv. 15 ; ^is sweven 
(heo) arahten 25629 ; araht (pple.) Marh. 
I ; arou3t Halliw. 86. 
a-redden, v., O.E. ahreddan, = O.H.G. ar- 
rettan ; deliver, save, Laj. 26909 ; A. R. 390 ; 
aredde Fl. & Bl. 689; ^. t. 97; arudden 
HOM. I. 233; Kath. 1142J arude^/Vw/^r.) 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



30 



a-r6de. 



Enxiee* 



Marh. 6; aredde (suiy.) o. & N. 1569; 

aredde (/^^/.) hom. I. 87 ; II. 33 ; Laj, 831; 

aared (pp/e.) a. r. 392 ; misc. 86. 
a*r6de, v., fO.E, aredian ; reach, htti wham 

he mai with j^e hache arede Fer. 1706. 
a*rede» v., 0,E. aradan; read, Laj. 22719; 

Aus.' (Sk.) 573. 
a-reimen, v., rescue, redeem : ])et is ure raun- 

sun \tX. we schulen areimen us mide A. R. 

126. 
a-reisen, v., raise \ areise Will. 4342 ; 

areiflid {ppu:) WiCL. John iii. 14. 
gren, v., 0,E, arian, = O.H,G, eren, 0»N, aera ; 

show mercy, Orm. 1462. 
firende, see firenda. 
a-reosen, v., 0,E. ahreosan; rush upon*, 

aruren {fret, pi.) Mat. vii. 27. 
a-reowen, v., ^y&r je-hrSowen; commiserate, 

repent \ arewen P. S. 240; hit shal him 

never fenne arewe mas. 15 ; me areoweS 

J>i sar Jul. 35; ar§owe {subj,) a. r. 66; \t 

deore drihtin arSaw us Kath. 1379; areu 

H. H. 29. 
a-repen, v., touch : j)et heo muwen arepen & 

arechen a. R. 128 ; areppen La). 26034. 
areragOy sb., 0,Fr. arrerage, arrierage; 

arrearage, Langl. Cx. 274; arrerage, 

arerage Ch. C. t. A 602. 
arerOy adv., 0,Fr. arere; backwards, Gow. 

I. 315 ; Langl. A v. 198 ; arrere Bv, 354. 
a-resien, v., 0J£. ahrysian ; shake, totter: \t 

tre aresede as hit wold £alle s. s. (Web.) 915. 
aresonen, v., O.Fr* araisoner ; call to account ; 

aresone]? (pres,) R. R.6220; areeunede(/^^/.) 

Misa 35 ; aroBoned {pple,) PR. a 2460. 
ftresty see firest. 
aresty sb., O.Fr, arest; arrest, Ch. C. t. 

E 1282. 
areate, v., O.Fr. arester; arrest, Trev. VIII. 

283 ; Ch. C. t. A 827; d. Arth. 633. 
aretten» v., esteem, account, Ch. Bost. ii. 4 

(40) ; arette Wicu lev. xi. 4. 
fire-thede, sb.,^r fir-)>eode; people of long 

ago, ISUM. vi ; arthede Degr. 7. 
arewe, see arwe. arf, see erfe. 
arfe)>, see earfe]>. 
arj, adj., 0,E. earg, earh,^ OF'ris. arg, erg, 

OJV, argr, 0,I/.G. arg ; cowardly, idle, bcul, 

arje Gaw. 241 ; arh hom. 1. 277 ; eaer^h Laj. 

4336 ; aeruu 3455 ; arej, areh o. & N. 407 ; 

areu 1498 ; am [arwe] as an hare RoB. 457 ; 

arwe, arwhe * timidus, pavidus ' PR. P. 14 ; 

arwe Alis. 3340; eruh [arch] a. r. 274 ; |)e 

arege, arewe, erewe REL. I. 176 (misc. 116, 

117) ; arje, aerwe {pL) P. L. S. viii. 10; er^e 

HOM. I. 161; erewe Misc. 58; arwe Rich. 

3821 ; arwe men and kene Hav. 2115 ; ai^(e) 

(adv.) Shor. 22 ; arhest (superL) La^. 21733. 
arh-hMe, sb., cowardice, Misa 74. 
»rh-8oipe, sb., cowardice^ La^ 12411. 



ar^esse, sb., cowardice, sloth, AYENB. 31 ; 

arghnesse HocCL. i. 435. 
arBien, v., cf. M,Du., M.H,G. argen ; make or 

grow cowardly or badi bet eower heorte 

er^ian (pres.) swi¥e HOM. 1. 13; me arjes of 

mi selfe Alex. 537 ; ar^e {pres. sub;.) Gaw. 

2301 ; ar3ed (pret.) A. p. ii. 572 ; fat aighede 

aUe ^at ))er ware Perc 69; |k)u . . . hast 

arwed meni hardi men Langl. Civ. 237, 
argoile, sb., dregs of wine, Ch. C. t. C7813. 
ar^Se, sb., O.E. yrg«, - O.H.G. argida ; 

cowardice, sloth ; aBrh¥« [arh))e] LA5. 23546 ; 

are3)>e, areh)>e O. & N. 404. 
arguen, argue, v., Fr. arguer ; argue, Langl. 

A xi. 130 ; argu convict APOL. 31. 
arguere, sb., arguer; argueree (pi.) Langl. 

Bx. 116. 
^gument, sb., Fr. argument; argument, 

Shor. 142. 
argumenten, v., Fr, argumenter; argue, 

reason, Gow. I. 16. 
arh, see ar^. 
a*rihten, v^ = O.H.G. arrichtan ; raise up : 

such gestening he aright (pret.) TOR. 1366 ; 

arlht (pple.) p. s. 325. 
a*rimen, v., O.E. arlman; number: ^ lette 

ti kaisere arimen {sec. text telle) al )>dene here 
A^ 25392 ; aiimed (pple.) 28937. 
a'-rinen, v., O.E. onhrlnan, ahiinan, « OJ^G. 

anthrinan; touch : he seal • . . metes ne arinan 

HOM. 1. 115 ; arinetS (pres.) a. r. 408 ; arSa 

Marh. 20. 
a-risen, v., O.E. arisan, - O.L.G. aifsan, 

O.H.G. arnsan, Goth, urreisan ; arise, HOM. 

I. 141 ; LA3. 1248; A. R. 324; up arise Bek. 

1395 ; til \t Sonne gan arise Ch. C. t. 

^791 ; aiifit (pres.) o. & N. 1397 ; Aus. 5458 ; 

ans {imper.) HOM. I. 45 ; arise)> MISC 42 ; 

ar&B (pret.) hom. I. 91 ; Kath. 337 ; aras, 

aros La^ 404, 1 1476 ; aros Bek. 45 1 ; ayenb. 

173 ; he aros of dea^ HOM. II. 23 ; (}ni) arise 

JUL. 63 ; (heo) arisen (pret. pi.) Laj. 1983 ; 
i arise Brd. 10; arise (pret. subj.) La). 

25988 ; arisen (pple.) a L. 1430; K. T. 442 ; 

arise Will. 1297. 
arizinge, sb., arising, ayenb. 13. 
arisnesse, sb., state of being risen, REL. I. 

282. 
&-ri8t, sb., O.^'.aerTst, (;^G^^M.urrists^jr rising, 

arising ; ariste Mat. xxii. 23 ; hom. I. 87 ; 

A. R. 258 ; Jul. 62 ; asrist Orm. 16236 ; arist 

Gow. I. 320 ; firistes {gen.) HOM. I. 229 ; at 

the Sonne firiste Ch. astr. ii. 12 ; on )^am 

aeriste Mk. xii. 23. 
arke, sb., O.E. earc, « Goth, arka, OJF'ris. erka, 

O.N. 6rk, O.H.G. BTchB,,/rom Lat. area ; «n6, 

' area,' voc. 199 ; Orm. 1690; Man. (H.) 136 ; 

in arke or in kiste Hav. 2018 ; arche L^. 

8965 ; A. R. 334 ; gen. & EX. 561. 
arm, see earm. 
armee, sb., OJ^r, armee ; arm^Cu. C.t.A6(x 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



anneii. 



a-Bohamien. 



31 



armeiiy v^ OJF'r, armer ; arniy Man. (F.) i 174 ; 

armi (»w.aermi) Laj. 15313; arme RoB. 63; 

annecf {pres,) a. r. 262 ; arme)> ayenb. hi; 

armede (pre/.) Laj. 8655* ; iarmed (pple.) 

Horn (L.) 1215. 
armes, sb. pL, O.Fr. annts,/rom Lot, arma ; 
arms^ A. R. 60 ; H AV. 2925 ; ROB. 63 ; AYENB. 

170. 
arm]>e, see earmtfe. 
armurey sb., Fr, Tcrokyxa^from LaL armatura ; 

armour, AYENB. 170; WILL. 3769; armure, 

armoare PR. P. 14 ; armure, armour RoB. 139, 

402; armour Man. (F.) 5 117. 
armtiTery sb., Fr, armurier; armorer \ ar- 

mnreni (//.) Ch. C. t. A 2507. 
armnrie, sb., armour, Man. (H.) 194; 

armories {pi.) armed forces Triam. 49. 
am, i^^ earn, 
amementy sb., OF'r. arrement; inky Alis. 

6418 ; s. s- (Web.) 2776. 
aromaty sb., Fr. aromate; aroma, L. H. R. 

224 ; aromas {pL) a. r. 372. 
aromatik, adj., aromatic, Mand. 174. 
aPOTiten,v.,/0./r. arouter; f send away; })ou 

shelt her to aroute Haluw. 86; aroutid 

{pple.) DEP. R. iii. 221. 
arrai, sb., O.Fr. arrei, arroi; array, arai 

Ch. Ct. Z>927 ; Mand. 252 ; Will. 1597. 
arraie, v., O.Fr, arreier, arreer; array, Ch. 

Ct.B 1202 ; ar^ Will. 356 i ; araie]> (pres.) 

Shor. 108 ; arraie {imper.) Mand. 214. 
arre, see under firer. 
arren, see irren. 

arrivailey sb., arrived, Gow. II. 4. 
arrire, v., OJ^r. arriver : arrive, Mand. 31 ; 

arive Brd. ii ; arived (pple.) La^. 16063. 
arriTOy sb. [f mistake for armee] : at manic a 

nobil arive \v. r. armee] hadde he be Ch. C. 

T. ^6a 
arroganoet sb., arrogatue, ayenb. 21 ; Ch. 

C. T. Z>III2. 

arrogant, adj., O.Fr. arrogant; arrogant, 

Ch. C. t. 7396. 
ars, sb., O.E. eacrs,^OF'ris. ers, O.H.G. ars, 

O.N. ars, rass ; arse, kinder parts, * anus^ voc 

179 ; PR. P. 14 ; TowNL. 9 ; ers, ars Langl. 

B'w. 175; ers voc. 208 ; P. s. 153 ; Trey. V. 

171 ; Ch. C. t. a 3734. 
ars-rop, sb., Wicl. i kings v. 9 ; ars-J'arm 

(ms. harsjKirme), voc. 186 ; the lower bowel. 
ara-^iFiap, sb., * manpirium^ VOC 179 ; * cmi- 

tergiumi PR. P. 14. 
arsmetike, sb., OJFr. arismetique ; arithmetic, 

GEN. & EX. 792 ; arsmetrike P. L. S. xvii. 224. 
arsonxi* sb., Fr. ar^on; saddle-bow, saddle, 

Aus. 4251 ; b. disc. 1 1 72; his arsouns weren 

off iren Rich. 5539. 
arat, see drest. 
arstable, sb., t astrolabe, Aus. 287. 



art, sb., Fr. art ; art, Rob. 145 ; ayenb. 65; 

ars (pi) Alis. 665. 
arten, v.. Lot. artare ; confine, restrain, press, 

Ch. Tro. i. 388 ; artin ^arto^ PR. P. 14; arte 

HOCCL. iv. 8. 
article, sb., Fr. article; article, ayenb. 12; 

articles (pi.) A. R. 262. 
artificial, adj., O.Fr. artificial ; artificial, Ch. 

C. T.^2. 

am, see ar^. arvet?, see earfbK 
arwe, sb., O.E. earh, (dot. pi. arewan), = O.N. 

6r ( pi.) 6rvar/y arrow, GEN. & EX. 478 ; arwe 

AYENB. 66 ; Ch. C. t. E 1673 ; s. fi: c I. 

XXXV ; on arwe [arewe] Laj. 2476 ; an arewe 

Jul. 72; arewe Brd. 15; Will. 885; earewe 

A. R. 60 ; arewen (pi.) Alis. 5283 ; arewen, 

arwen [arewe] La). 5510, 12576; caijewen a. 

R. 60; H. M. 15 ; arwes Mand. 190. 
arwe, arwien, see ar^, ar^ien. 
as, see al swa under aL as, see es. 
fis, aas, sb., />., Lot. as ; ace, Ch. C. t. ^385 i . 
[fis, sb., ON. ass, - Goth, ans (hoK6s) ; plank ; 

comp. bSt-, wlnd-fts.] 
a-sadien, v., ^ M.H.G. ersatten ; scUicUe ; 

asad (pple.) rel. I. 122 ; P. s. 212. 

asailen, assailen, v., O.Fr. assaillir ; assail, 

A. R. 246, 362; asail^e H. m. 47; assaille 

Horn (L.) 637 ; aaaile]? (pres.) ayenb. 17 ; 

aaailled (pple.) Shor. 141. 
a'-s^iken, v., 0J£. an-, onsacan, = O.L.G. 

antsacan, ON. andsaka ; deny, renounce : 

bute hi here la^e asake HORN (L) 65. 
asanmple, sb., 0*Fr. esample ; example, A. R. 

112. 
asaut, sb., OF'r. assaut, asalt ; assault, Rob. 

175 ; assauz (pi.) a. r. 196. 
asoance, adv., as it were, as though, Ch. C. 

T. D 1745 ) askauns LiDG. M. P. 35 ; ascaimces 

Ch. Tro. i. 292. 
ascapie, see eacapen. 
asoenden, v., O.Fr. ascendre; ascend-, as- 

candid (pple.) WiCL. John xx. 17. 
ascensioiui, sb., O.Fr, ascension ; ascension, 

Shor. 126. 
asoh, sb., O.E. aesc, - O.H.G. asc, asch, ON^ 

a^kr m,, MJ^u. esch, M.H.G. esche/y ash 

(-tree), VOC. 162; P. L. s. xiii. 171 ; CH. C. T. 

A 2922 ; asche voa 181 ; LAI LE fr. 168 ; 

Man. (F.) 12438 ; asche, esche PR. P. 15, L43. 
eBoh-k§i(e), sb., ash-key, PR. P. 143. 
esch-trfi, sb., ash-tree, voc. 228. 
a*sohdken, y., O.E. asceacan; shake off-. 

asoaketS )>xt dust of eowren foten Mat. x. 

14 ; asr )>e dai weore al asceken [asake] LA3. 

19154. 
a-8Ch4mien, y., O. E. ascamian ; make 

ashamed, put to shame ; asoh&med (pple) 

LEG. 70; Will. 1035; s. s. (Wr.) 2314; 

Aus. 3309; aschomed CHR. E. 864^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



3^ 



a-soheden. 



a^slakien. 



a-8cheden, v., ^OM.G, crscuttan; sh€d\ 

asced {pple.) hom. I. 127. 
asohe, sb., O^E.^ asce, aesce, axe,- O.H.G, 

asca, ascha, asche, asga, Goth, azgo, 0,N. 

aska ; ashes ; ashe Gow. III. 345 ; aske, asche 

^ cinis^ PR. P. 15; aische, aske WiCL. GEN. 

xviii. 27 ; esche Shor. 107 ; axe Misc 78 ; 

asse Halliw. 95 ; esse ayenr 137 ; pale as 

ashe [aische, aschen] colde Ch. C. t. A 1364 ; 

eaoan (daL) Lk. x. 13 ; asken (//.) A. R. 214 ; 

Hav. 2841 ; asshen HOM. II. 65 ; askes Langl. 

B iii. 97 ; Orm. iooi ; askes, axes Trev. V. 

167, VII. 5 ; asches Mand. 107 ; axen Laj. 

25989 ; p. s. 203 ; {ms, acxen) HOM. II. 95. 
aake-baSie, sb., one who sits in the ashes^ 

a. p. 214. 
aeke-fise, sb., = Swed, askefis (Rietz 139) ; 

one who blows the ashes ^ * dnifloi PR. P. 15. 
asoheler, sb., ashlar^ AuD. 78. 
a-sohenden, v., ffor ^esohenden ; disgrace : 

tit lond he wole aschende Bek. 1354 ; asende 
A5. 18067*; assend t^/^.) ROB. 263. 
a-schewelen, v., scare away : j^ar ich asohe- 

wale [ascheule] pie and crowe o. & N. 1613. 
asohiy adj., = Ger, aschig ; ashy^ Ch. C. t. 

A 2883 ; aski * cinereus* C\TH. 14. 
aschien, see askien. 
a-schortien, v., O.E. asceortian; shorten: 

(|))i tunge is ascorted frag. 8. 
a-80hrenchen, v., 0.E, ascrencan ; deceive : 

ech obren aschrenchej) Shor. 17 ; ashreint 

i^le!) Aus. 4819; ich was aschreint s. S. 

(Web.) 1485. 
a-schiinohen, v., f terrify \ ne mei hit me 

ashunche SPEC. 38. 
a'-schtmiaiiy v., 0,E, onscunian ; shun ; asch- 

oune (//rrVr/^^aschonne) DEP. R. ii. 185. 
asoriy sb., 0,Fr. escri; cryy shout \ A. P. ii. 

1296 ; askri Gow. II. 386. 
asorien^ v., 0,Fr, cscrier; cry out, Will. 

3814; ascried (pret.) A. p. iii. 195. 
a-80uren,v., « ♦askerren ; f scare, drive away \ 

asoiir (imfer,) him so scheomeliche A. R. 

296. 
asOy see alswa under al. 
a-searien, v., 0,E, asearian, « O.H,G. arso- 

ren \^ow dry ; asered {pret,) s. s. (Web.) 606. 
a-seohen, v., O.E. asecan; seek out, La^. 

27866. 
as^gen, v., OiFr, aseger ; besiege ; as^ged 

(pret.) Rob. 184; as^ged {pple,) Will. 4224. 
asele, v., O.Fr. enseeler, med.Lat, insigillare ; 

seal, Langl. A ii. 37 ; asele Alis.* (Sk.) 829 ; 

aseled {pple) misc. 228; Langl. Ciii. 114. 
a-senoheilt v., make to sink ; asenote (Pret,) 

Rob. 416 ; azenkte ayenb. 49 ; ure scipen he 

aseingde LA5. 25697 ; asenchtest Jul. 33 ; al 

here atil and tresour was al so aseint Rob. 

51. 
a-Bonden, v., 0,E\ asendan,=Af./f.C7. crsen- 



den ; send out, hom. I. 91 ; asende (pret.) 
HOM. I. 225. 

aserohen, see enserohen. 

aserye, v., ffor deserve : L. H. R. 147. 

a-setteiiy v., O.E, asettan; appoint; aset 

' (pres,) AYENB. 140 ; on asette pple. tidan 
HOM. I. 115. 

Asie» pr. n., Asia, Marh. 2. 

a-^^en, v., 0,E, aslgan ; sink, fall ; asien 
MISC. 90 ; as§h (pret.) Sax. chr. 249 ; hom. 
II. 109. 

a-sinken, s,,^M,H.G, ersinken ; sink down : 
asinke)? (pres.), bat hi nasinke)> SHOR. 136 ; 
asonken (pret^ Map 345. 

a-sitten^ v., 0,E. sis\ttBn,^M.I/,G. ersitzen ; 
sit: aset (sec, text sat) |;e kaisere swulc he 
akimed weore LA5. 26353. 

aske, sb., f O.E. a!^xe, = O.Il.G, egedehsa; 
lizard; askes (//.) arch. LVIL 254; askes 
(f ms. arskes) and o)>er wormes M. H. 141. 

aske, see asohe. 

ftske, sb., O.E, aesce, = O.H.G. eisca; demand \ 
axe La^. 1053. 

aske-baSie, -fise, see under asohe. 

ftskien, &xen [P ftzen], v., 0.E, ascian, acsian, 
axian, ahsian, = OJ^ris. askia, aschia, O.N, 
seskja, O.L,G, escon, O.H.G, eiscon; ask\ 
asken A. r. 242 ; c L. 1023 ; (ms. asskenn) 
Orm. 10278; askin ^peto,posco* PR. P. 15; 
aske AuD. 79 ; aske leve Hav. 2952 ; asche 
Egl. 1090 ; ashe En. 2775 ; asche, esse ROB. 
16, 374; eskien hom. 1. 25; asken, axen Ch. 
C.T. Blow axe Ch. d. Bl. 1276; aske, axe 
Langl. A'w, 90; esche misc. 139; axien 
Mat. xxii. 46; axien [axi] Laj. 7193 ; acsi, 
oxi AYENB. no, 114 ; axe Gow. I. 47 ; WiCL. 
John i. 19; asse Townl. 58; aske, axe 
(pres.) Ch. C. t. A 1347 ; ich acsi J^ a 
qvestioun Shor. 136; eski Marh. 13; ais* 
chest, aishest, aissest, axest O. & N. 473, 707,. 
995 ; oxist P. s. 200; acse% A. R. 8 ; nou esche 
we^ TREAT. 136 ; aske (imper,) H. M. 9 ; esca 
hine hwet he habbe bitten HOM. I. 35 ; 
askede (pret.) A. R. 66 ; Misa 26 ; GEN. & ex. 
3191 ; askede La^. 29229 ; he axede gavel of 
ban lond 6122 ; heo aexede [axede] aefter 
brenne 5001 ; askede, aschede Rob. 16, 33 ; 
acsede rel. I. 30 ; Horn (H.) 43 ; easkede 
Jul. 15 ; escade hom. I. 43; }ni askedest o. 
& N. 1310 ; comp, of-askien. 
Hsker, sb., asker, WiCL. Is. ix. 4 ; \^ axere, 
(plaintiff) and fe defendaunt E. G. 361. 
Askunge, sb., 0,E. ascung; asking, A. R. 70 ; 
SLskmge*petitio* PR. P. 15 ; ascinge rel. I. 
131 (hom. II. II); escunge Marh. 16; ac- 
singe AYENB. 209. 

a-sleeped, pple., overcome with sleep; heo 
is asleped svife Fl. & Bl. 582 ; aslepid 
(* sopitus^) with ful miche drunkenesse WiCL. 
Judith xiii. 4. 

a-sl&kien^ v., 0,E, asleaciaii^/<c7r^^/i ;^slake 
Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ansldan. 



a-stenchen. 



33 



LEG. 137 ; LiDG. M. P. 231 ; Pall. iv. 769 ; 

asl&ki (pres. subj,) ayenb. 253 ; asl&ked 

(ppU.) Trev. III. 143 ; til atte lastc aslaked 

was his mood Ch. C. t. A 1760. 
a-slean, v., O.E. aslean,=0./r.(7. arslahan; 

j/oy ; aslaen,-slan Laj. 22271, 22576; aslen Fl. 

& Bl. 105 ; s. A. L. 155 ; asl63 ipr^L) Laj. 

22319 ; aslou^ P. L. s. xii. 88 ; (|>u) asloje La^. 

24812 ; heo aslo^n [aslowe] 20956 ; aslowe 

ARCH. LI I. 37 ; asla^e (J>ple.) Horn (L.) 

88 ; asla^e, aslawe Fer. 84, 321 ; aslawe 

Rob. 170; Shor. 120; LEG. 13; Al. (T.) 

165 ; aslae^en La^. 21892. 
a-fldiden, v., O^. aslldan ; slide away; aslide 

Halliw. 93. 
a'-sltlppeiiy V.,— ♦ansluppen, cf, MM.G. ent- 

slupfen ; slip away : ne miht i him asluppe 

SPEC 38; aslipped (pple.) A. P. iii. 218. 
a-smellen, v., smell oul: )>e bor hem gan 

fill sone asmelle S. S. (Web.) 891. 
a-snsDsen, v., 0,E. asnssan ; strike^ thrust : 

bene horn bet he asndsetS mide alle )>eo ))et 

ha areache& a. r. 200. 
a-softien, v., soften ; asofte Halliw. 94. 
asottiey v., O.Fr. asoter ; become foolish^ HOM. 

I. 17 ; assote Gow. 1. 68 ; aaotid {pple,) Fer. 

2007. 
a-spirien, v., « M,H.G, ersparn; spare; 

aspare Langl. ^xv. 136. 
aspe, sb., 0.E, aespe, aBpse,= O.H,G, aspa, 

O.N. osp ; aspefiy voc. 181, 285 ; Ch. C. t. 

A 2921 ; aspe, espe PR. P. 15, 143 ; espe voc. 

228. 
aspect, sb., aspect, Ch. C. t. A 1087. 
aspen, adj., - M.H.G, espin ; aspen : aspen lef 

Ch. Tro. iii. 1200. 
a-spenden, v., OEl. aspendan; spend; a- 

spoDen (pres. subj.) HOM. I. 123. 
a^^peowen, v., spue out; aspewetS (pres,) 

HOM. II. 199. 
asine, aspien, see spie, spien. 
a-spillen, v., sfnlly waste, destroy ; aspille O. 

& N. 348 ; mi soule to aspille Bek. 1024 ; 

aapillaS (pres,) HOM. I. 13 ; })eo })et forleose^ 

& aspille^ al hore god A. R. 148. 
aspre, adj., O.Fr, aspre ; harsh, cruel, Ch. An. 

23 ; aspere Ch. Boet. ii. i (32). 
asper-Hchey adv., harshly, GUY 84 ; asperli 

A. P. iii. 373. 
asprenease, sb., harshness, Ch. Boet. iv. 4 

(127). 

asprete, sb., 0,Fr, aspret^; asperity, A. R. 354. 
a-springen, v., 0,E. aspringan, = 0,H,G. 

arspringan ; spring up ; aspringe Shor. 120 ; 

aspraxis (pret.) hom. I. 227 ; asprungen 

{pple,) Angl. I. 17; asprongun Digb. 118. 
assai, sb., O.Fr. essai, Lat, exagium; trial, 

test, P. L. s. XXX. 166 ; Flor. 1500. 
assaien, v., 0,Fr, es-, assaier ; try, test, Langl. 



A iii. 5 ; asaie Will. 3754 ; asaid {pple) 

AYENB. 117. 
asse, sb., 0,E, assa, cf, 0,N, asni, Lai, asinus ; 

ass, A. R. 32 ; Shor. 122 ; Mand. 70 ; an asse 

TREAT. 138; )>ane asse ayenb. 156; asse 

{gen,) Langl. B xviii. 1 1 ; asse earen A. R. 

172; was lejd in asse cribbe Orm. 3711 ; an 

asse ban c. M. 7171 ; assen {ace) Lk. xiii. 15 ; 

assen {pi,) Alis. 1866 ; assen, asses Ch. C.t. 

Z?285. 
asse, sb., O.E, asse ; she-ass, leg. 7 ; ane asse 

. . . mid hire colt hom. 1. 3 ; assen {gen,) Mk. 

xi. 2. 
assemble, v., 0,Fr, asembler ; assemble, Ch. 

Boet. iii. 7 (80); assemblede {pret,) P. s. 

190 ; asembleden Will. 3815. 
assemble, sb., 0,Fr, asemblee ; assembly, 

Langl. B prol. 217 ; a. p. i. 759 ; Iw. 19. 
assene, sb., 0.N, asna ; she-ass. Mat. xxi. 2. 
assent, sb., assent, Ch. C. T. AS17 ; asent 

Shor. 57; Will. 1300. 
assenten, v., 0,Fr, assentir ; assent, Langl. 

C XX. 264; assente ^ iii. 113; aasentede 

{pret,) P. L. S. xxiv. 150. 
assets, sb., 0,Fr, assez ; satisfaction, Langl. 

B xvii. 237 ; assethc PR. C. 3610 ; ase)) Wicl. 

S.W. II. 237. 
assigpOLe, asignoie, v., 0,Fr, assegner ; assign, 

Langl. A iv. 109 ; assignede {pret.) P. L. 

s. xii. 131 ; asegned {pple.) Will. 581. 
asfiise, sb., 0,Fr, assise ; assize, size, S. S. 

(Web.) 2490; OCTOV. (W.) 81 ; R. r. 1237; 

asise Rob. 53 ; leg. 46 ; Will. 4451. 
assoigne, see essoigne. 
assoilen, v., 0,Fr, assoldre, from Lat, absol- 

vere; absolve, pardon; solve, explain; Langl. 

^ PROL. 67; asoile Mirc 1968 ; asoili ayenb. 

172; absoile Mer. 11 ; aasoili {pres, subj.) 

Bek. 2027 ; aaoilede {pret.) Rob. 476 ; a- 

Boiled {pple,) misc 32. 
assoinen,v., O.Fr.essoigner; excuse; asimien, 

asonien, A. R. 64; assoini ayenb. 242; a- 

soinede Rob. 539. 

assujnpcioun, sb., assumption, Shor. 126. 
assurance, sb., 0,Fr, asseurance ; assurance, 

Ch. C.T. ^341. 
assure, v., 0,Fr, asseurer; assure, Ch. C. 

T. B 1231; asseured {pple.) Boet. i. 4 (16). 
a-standen, v., 0,E, astandan, = 0,L,G, 

astandan, 0,H,G, arstantan ; stand up : );at 

deor up astod La^. 6495. 
astat, see stat. 

a-stellen, v., 0,E, astellan ; constitute, esta- 
blish ; astalde {pret) hom. I. 19 ; astalden 

La^. 8960 {misspelt astalleden 8950) ; astald 

{pple,) LA3. 81 16 {misspelt astalled 8391). 
a-stenohen, v., = Ger, erstenken ; anrwy with 

stench : stute nu . . . to astenchen me wi^ fe 

stench bet of bi mu^ stihe^ M arh. i 2 ; asteinte 

{f stinking) horesone Alis. 880. 



Digitized by 



Google 



34 



a-steorven. 



ateL 



a-steorven^ v., 0£, asteorfan, « 0,H,G. 
arsterban ; (Ue^ Marh. 12 ; a. r. 326 ; astervc 
Fer. 3058; aatorven (i^ple^ a. r. 310; 
astorve o. & N. 1200. 

a-steren, v., f 0,E, asteran ; excite ; astirde 
(preL) HOM. I. 95 ; ^at he . . . fe storvene 
astearde [v, r, arearde) Kath. 1043; mani 
a Sarzin )>ar was astered Fer. 3899. 

a-sterte, v., start up^ start away^ Langl. 
^xi. 392; MED. 570; Ch. C. t. ^1595; 
asterte {J>ret,) Fer. 1468; asturte Misa 42; 
be eotend up asturte La^. 26045 ; astirte til 
him Hav. 893 ; see eotsterten. 

a-sterve, v., 0,E, asterfan, astyrfan, - 
M,H.G, ersterben, mod.Eng, starve ; killf 
AYENB. 240 ; asterved (pple.) 240. 

a-sti^en, v., O.E, astlgan, = 0,H,G, erstlgan ; 
ascendy descend \ astien MISC. 55 ; astie Rob. 
317; astighS (pres,) HOM. II. 107; astfth, 
asteh (pret.) HOM. I. 17, 91 ; asteh II. iii ; 
asteih, astei misc. 53, 55 ; asti^en {pret, pi.) 
La^. 8691 ; asti^e (pret, subj.) HOM. 1. 227 ; 
asto^e Kpple.) Fer. 2971. 
astiimge, sb., ascension^ HOM. I. 209. 

astoffe, v., OFr* estouffer; suffocate^ jarb. 
XII. 161. 

astonie, v., O.Fr, estoner; astoundy stun, 
AYENB. 126; astone Gow. III. 54; astoned 
(pple,) Ch. Tro. i. 274 ; astouned Shor. 88 ; 
hors and man astuned lal Ar. & Mer. 6297. 

astoren, see stdren. 

astranglen, see Btranglen. 

a-strecohen, v., O^. astreccan, « M,H,G, 
erstrecken; stretch out, extend \ astretchin 
*attingo^ PR. p. 16. 

a-strengl'i, v., strengthen, Rob. 180; a- 
8treng|>ed {pple,) misc. 32. 

astrolabie, sb.,i^r. astrolabe, Z^^/.astrolabium ; 
astrolabe, CH. astr. PROL. 

astrologie, sb., O.Fr, astrologie; astrology, 
Ch. astr. PROL. 

astrologien, sb., 0,Fr. astrologien ; astrologer, 
Ch. astr. PROL. 

astronomer, sb., astronomer, Trev. IV. 209. 

astronomie, sb., 0,Fr, astronomie ; astrono- 
my, PR. P. 16 ; LA3. 24298 ; Langl. A x. 
207. 

astronomien, sb., 0,Fr, astronomien ; astro- 
nomer, Gow. II. 230. 

astruien, y,,for doBtruien; a8trti]> {pres,) 
AYENB. 17; astruid {pple,) HOM. II. 147. 

astudien, see studien. 

a-stunten, v., 0,E, astyntan {obtundere) ; 
cease : astunten hore cleppe A. R. 72 ; he nel 
nevere astinte Fer. 1842 ; astente Will. 1527; 
astunte {pret,) Laj. 31 891*; astunte, astinte 
Rob. 128, 546 ; astint {pple,) Map 341. 

a-st^rien, v., 0,E, astyrian ; stir up ; asti- 
reden {pret:) Mk. xv. ii; astired {pple,) 
leechd. III. 130 ; astured weoren Romweren 



alle mid sterclichere wrae^e LA5. 25329; 

astered Degr. 757 ; cf, astSren. 
astir, adj., Fr, azur ; azure, Jos. 195. 
aswdgen, v., 0,Fr, assouagier; assuage, 

Langl. Ay,\QO\ aswagi Bek. 1452 ; aswage 

Ch. C. t. B 3834. 
a-swebben, v., 0,E, aswebban; stupefy-, 

astonied and asweved Ch. h. f. 549. 
a-swehen,v., devour-, aBwolwe{pple,) Beves 

786. 
aswelten, v., 0,E, asweltan ; Joint, die : 

J)et he aswelte (^pres, subj,) wi^nnen A. R. 

216 ; )« fuir . . . as welt (pres,) Aus. 6639 ; 

cnihtes ))ar aswalten {pret,) Laj. 27474*. 
a-swiken, v., 0,E, aswican {deceive)-, cease, 

fail-, aswiketJ(/r^J.) Kath. 2187; aswikeo 

{imper) LA3. 15327; aswikie {subj,) Mat. v. 

29 ; asw&o {pret,) Laj. 161 12. 
a-swinden, v., 0,E, aswindan, « 0,H,G. 

arswintan ; vanish, decrease, waste, decay, 

Marh. 13 ; aswinde Angl. I. 10 ; o. & N. 

1574; aswint {fires,) Laj. 17940; as imet 

sweven aswinde% hire murh¥en Jul. 74; 

aswond {pret,) hom. I. 133 ; aerst aswond 

))at com Laj. 31793; aswunden [aswonde] 

(pple,) LA). 19599; aswunde O. & N. 1480; 

aswounde L. H. R. 52. 
a-swinken, v., procure by labour; aswinke 

Bek. 1663. 
a-swo3en, pple., 0,E, aswogen ; in a swoon ; 

aswo^e Al. (T.) 141 ; he fell aswowe to grounde 

Launf. 755. 
a-swolkenesse^ sb., 0,E, aswolcenness ; 

sloth, indolence, HOM. I. 83. 
at, conj. & rel. pron., 0,N, at; that, s. s. 

(Web.) 3824; M. H. 73; ANT. Arth. xiv; 

TowNL. 2 ; the beste bodi at thar war Perc. 

150 ; fat at him fel to knaw(e) PR. c. 171. 
at, see et. at- {compounds), see »t-. 
atache, attache, v., 0,Fr, atacher; attach, 

Langl. -^4 ii. 174; attached {pple,) Man. 

(H.)i58. 

atachement, sb., attachment, E. G. 360. 
a'-taken, v., ?-oftaken; take ; atake Bek. 

1961; Ch. C. .t. CP556; Am. & Amil. 

2070; al )>at )>ai atake mijtfe) Fer. 3128; 

shal atake ^apprehendet^ WiCL. lev. xxvi. 

5 ; at6k {pret.) Ar. & Mer. 468. 
a-tastin, v., taste, pr. p. 16 ; ataste {pres, 

subj) Ch. Boet. ii, i (30). 
ate, sb., 0.E, ata ; ocU ; ote * avena * PR. P. 372 ; 

MiRC 1483 ; Map 350 ; 6ten {ace) a. r. 312 ; 

ftten [ote] {pi,) Laj. 24438; ooten Rich. 

6004 ; otin voc. 177 ; oten, otes Langl. A iv. 

45 (5S) ; comp, s&d-ftte. 
atel, adj., 0,E, atol, eatol, - O.N, atall ; dread- 
ful, cruel; atell Orm. 4803 ; atele hurtes hom. 

L 275. 
atel-lioh, adj., 0,E, ate(l)lrc ; cruel ; atelich 

A. r. 6; MISC. 183; Map 343; in ateliche 



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a-tellen. 



&p. 



35 



(jms, atteliche) pole La^. 21748; mid |>ine 

atelidie swcorc o. & N. 11 25; ateliche 

[eateliche] wihtes Jul. 46, 47; fe alle weren 

eateliche to bihaldene hom. I. 41 ; eate- 

lukest (superL) H. M. 41. 
a-tellen, v., 0,E, atellan, - M.L,G. ertellen, 

O.H.G. arzellan ; narrate, tell, HOM. II. 113. 
a-temien, v., 0,E, atemian; iamei we ne 

mu^en atemien (afford) to wur^n godes bord 

HOM. II. 199; atemie Langl. Cxx. 240; 

atamed ipple,) ayenb. 153 ; hors wei atamed 

DEP. R. iii. 27. 
&ten, adj., 0,E, Sten (leechd. III.), 292; 

oaUn : otene grotes L. C. c. 47. 
a-tende, v., 0,E» atendan ; kindle, inflame, 

Ber. 2728 ; a candle he atende)> {pts, atten- 

de|>) Fer, 2413 ; atende (pres, subjj) misc. 

52; ¥ere herene monnan heoitan . . . 

mitten beon atende hom. I. 95 ; so sone 

so hi weren of ))e holi goste atende {ms, 

attende) misc. 56. 
a-teon, v., O^, ateon ; treat; atojen (pple.) 

HOM. II. 205 ; weoren . . . reouliche ato^ne 

La). 24846. 
a ^-ttenen, v., ffor ^etSonen ; irritate ; 

atdoned (pple,) chr. £. 61 ; atened Fer. 

114; Beves 2601. 
a-teoiien, v., 0,E, ateorian; fail; atiereS 

ipres,) HOM. II. 39. 
Stiffen, v., 0,Fr. atiffer ; decorate, a. r. 360. 
atil, sb., 0,Fr, atil ; equipment, gear, Rob. 51. 
atilen, v., O.Fr. atillier ; adorn ; atiled (pple,) 

Rob. 184. 
aGr, sb., attire, Laj. 3275*; Will. 4465; 

Rich. 519. 
atiren, v., 0,Fr. atirier; attire, s. S. (Wr.) 

3218 ; atlred (pret,) RoB. 547 ; atired (pple.) 

Will. 1228. 
atlien, see ahtlien. 
a-tre^n, v., afflict, grieve ; atraid (pret,) 

S. S. (Web.) 1867 ; atraiyed (pple,) K. T. 

605. 
a-trulden, v., f/^r^etrukien; fail; atroketz 

(pres,) P. R. L. P. 221 ; atrokLen (ms, 

attrolaen) (subj.) LEB. JES. ll ; nu beo)) fine 

te}> atra(lded) frag. 8. 
attAmin, v., 0,Fr, atamer ; pierce, broach (a 

vessel), begin; * attamino,* PR. P. 16 ; atame 

L. h. r. 210; attamede (pret,) Langl. Cxx. 

68 ; D. Arth. 2175 ; attained, atamed (pple,) 

CH.C.T. -54008. 
atteigne, v., 0,Fr, ateindre ; attain, Gow. I. 

131; atteine Ch. Boet. iv. i (118); ateine 

P. L. S. XXV. 87. 
attemperaunce, sb., temperance, Ch. Boet. 

iv. 6 (138); LiDG. M. p. 209. 
attempre, z^d^y, attempered, ayenb. 153; at- 

tcmprce Mand. 276. W-. XrKi^ P,x.X 1^. 
attempren, v., 0,Fr, atemprer; attemper, 

Gow. 1. 87 ; attempered (pple,) LiDG. m. p. 3. 

D 



attencioun, sb., Fr, attention; attention, 

Ch. Boet. ii. i (29). 

attendance, attendaunce, sb., O.Fr, at- 
tendance ; attendance, CH. C. T. D 933. 
attenden, v., 0,Fr, atendre; attend, listen, 

GRL. xxii ; atend C. M. 21803 ; atende LUD. 

Cov. 259 ; attende (pres.) Pall. i. 511. 
attente, sb.,=entente, a. r. 252. 
&tter, ftter, sb., 0,E, ator, attor, jetor, = M,L,G, 

etter, 0,H,G, eitar, eittar, 0,N. eitr ; poison, 

pus, HOM. I. 23, 51 ; atter Orm. 15383 ; gen. 

& EX. 372; c. L. 1 1 50; Langl. Bxi\, 256; 

bat atter La^. 14905 ; )>et atter A. R. 208 ; attir 

^sanies' PR. P. 16; &ttere (dat,) Laj. 16089. 
&tter-ooppe, sb., 0,E. alorcoppa, cf, Scotch 

dial, ettercap ; spider, o. & N. 600 ; K. L. 63 ; 

attircoppe * aranea * PR. p. 16. 
&tter>l&tSe, sb., 0,E, attorla¥e leechd. III. 

34 ; antidote to poison, betony : drinc })eonne 

atterlo^e (atterlaYe) & drif ^ne swel a^ean- 

ward A. R. 274 ; atterlofe ^more(l)le * REL. I. 

37 (voc 141). 
&tter-lich, adj., O.E. atorlTc ; venomous ; 

atterluch A. R. 212*. 
ftttem, adj., 0,E, jetren, ^ttren, M,H,G, 

eiterin; venomous (ms, atteme), frag. 8; 

)>urh atteme drench La^. 16084. 
attemesse, sb., venomousness, A. R. 196. 
attise, v., 0,Fr, atiser ; entice, Halliw. 109. 
ftttrien, v., 0,E, jetterian, « M,H,G, eitem, 

0,N, eitra; venom, poison; attreS (pres,) 

HOM. I. 153; A. R. 84 ; attred (pple^ hom. 

II. 19; Orm. 15376; iattred A. R. 208. 
&ttri3, adj., ■■ O.H,G, eitrig ; venomous, Orm. 

978 J ; attri A. R. 82 ; Marh. 14 ; h. m. 15 ; ¥at 

attne ^ing REL. I. 215. 
atiim, sb., 0,Fr, atum (atour) ; dress, attire, 

A. R. 426 ; H. M. 23 ; attour R. R. 3718. 
atume, sb., 0,Fr, atomd ; attorney, E. g. 58. 
atnmen, v., OSr, atumer, atomer (atoumer) ; 

turn; dress, attire : he atomde as vaste as 

he mi3te Rob. 419; er he . . . habbe hire 

swuch atumed and imaked A. R. 284; leo- 

fliche atumet hom. I. 257. 
a^-tween, prep., between, Lidg. m. p. 263. 
a^-twiXy prep., between, w. & i. 32 ; atvix Am. 

& Amil. 865 ; atwixen Ch.Tro. 417 ; atwixe 

Trey. VII. 167 ; atwixin, atwixt, betwixt, 

^ inter' PR. P. 17. 
a'-twinnen, v., separate, divide; atwinne 

Halliw. 109. 
a)>, sb., 0,E, a¥,« Goth, aij)s, 0,L,G., 0,Fris, 

eth, ed, 0,N, ei¥r, 0,H,G, eid ; oath, I w. 2264 ; 

aenne a^ [o)»] Laj. 19981 (miswritten ae^ 704) ; 

oa^ (r. w, wra^) 653 ; of* ayenb. 64 ; |)en ob 

Rob. 446 ; 00)), 00th Ch. C. t. .^4 120 ; otfi 

Hay. 1 1 18; 6)>e (dat,) procl. 5; wi)»uten 

obe Horn (L.) 347 ; &N8 (//.) Orm. 4479; 

o%es A. R. 198; ftSen (dat, pi,) LA3. 5165 ; 

comp. infin-&]>. 



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36 



a)>6L 



avenaimt. 



a]>el, a]>elingy see etJel, et^eling. 
a-)>eo6tren, v., 0,E, a)>eostrian ; ^^ darkened : 

se mone a)>e8tret$ hom. L 239 ; a)>eo8trede 

Q>r^/.) Laj. 2860; a}>5o8tred 0^/^.) Mk. 

xiii. 24. 

ajnnkeny x^^ of)>unken. 
a-tT&wen, v., Mr^w <2^: of his horse he 

a)>rdu (/r^/.) LA3. 807*. 
a-jriisemen, v., 0,E, al^rysman; suffocate^ 

A. R. 40 ; a)>ru8met$ (pres) hom. I. 251. 
ajjiim, sb., O.E. a¥um,= (9./^rw.athum, athom, 

O.H.G. eidum, eidam ; son-in-law (ms. 

a)»umm) Orm. 19832; a¥um, o¥em [ojjom] 

Laj. 3619, 23106; o))am ^gener* frag. 2; 

o^m REL. I. 130 (HOM. II. 165) ; o)K)m Rob. 

182 ; odam Alis. 2081. 
a-j^iirsteiiy v., }^M,H,G. erdursten; cf, of- 

)>ur8ten ; suffer thirst ; a)mr8t (pple.) P. L. S. 

xiii. 329; LEG. 7; Trev. III. 471 ; he wer)» 

aburst wel sore REL. II. 273 ; a)>urst, a|>rust, 

aprist Langl. Byu 59*, Cxii. 43*; athrest 

LUD. Cov. 190. 
aube, see albe. 
aubel, ebel, sb., Fr. aubel; abeie^ white 

poplar, PR. P. 17. 
auburn^ adj., Z.Za/. albumus; auburn, PR. 

p. 17. 
audience, sb., O.Fr. audience; audience, 

Langl. ^xiii. 434 ; Ch. C. t. E 104. 
auditoury sb., O.Fr, auditeur ; auditor, Shor. 

96; Gow. II. 191. 

aufln, see alfin. angrim, see algrim. 
august, sb., August, Ch. astrol. i. 10 (6) ; 

augst Gow. III. 370. 
auh, see ao. ftuhte, see &hte. 
auk, adj. ( = *avek, as hauk -♦havek), 0,N, 

ofugr, O.H.G. abuh ; awkward, left-handed, 

perverse, (ms. awke) ^sinister, perversus^ 

PR. P. 18 ; auke dedis D. Arth. 13.. 
auk-li» adv., awkwardly, ^sinistre, perverse,* 

PR. P. 18. 
auk-ward, adv., awkward, awry, D. Arth. 

2247 ; )7e world )>ai al aukward sett(e) PR. C. 

1541. 
aul, see aweL 

aumperour, see emperour. 
aun-, see an-, 
austere, adj., O.Fr. austere ; austere, Man. 

(H.) 54 ; austerne WiCL. s. w. I. i. 
austerite, sb., O.Fr. austerity ; austerity, PR. 

c. 5376. 

auter, see alter. 

autorite, sb., O.-Fr.autorit^, auctoritd; author- 
ity, AVENB. 147 ; Man. (F.) 14596 ; autorite, 

auctorite Ch. C.T. ^4165. 
autour, sb., O.Fr. auteur; author, Langl. 

B X. 243 ; auctour Ch. C.t.Ei 141. 
autumpne, sb., Fr. automne ; autumn, Ch. 

BoET. 1. 2 (8). 



au)>er, pron. & conj. (for ♦a-hwe))er), O.E. 

ahwae^er, aw^r,=6.Ar.<^.ioweder, modJEn^. 

or; either (one of two) ; or', Gaw. 88; aujnr 

ANT. Arth. xvi ; heore owwJ>err Orm. 124 ; 

ou^r, ou)>er Sax. chr. 32, 38; ou¥er of 

))eos two A. R. 286 ; ou)>er of |)ani Iw. 3589 ; 

ou|)er . . . or Mand. 184 ; ouper bi daie or bi 

nighte Perc. 87; ouJ>er [o})er] elles Langl. 

A i. 151 ; ou})er [o})er] . . . or Ch. C. t. 

-^1593; o»)«r Alis. 4899; Al. (L^) 408; 

oiber ... or Man. (H.) 2 ; o¥er on him sulf 

o^r on his freond A. R. 202 ; o|)er ayenb. 9 ; 

o\tx dairim ober daisteorre O. & N. 328 ; o}jer 

catel ober clop PL. CR. 1 16 ; oJ»er ... or ROB. 

17 ; clusung oJ»er iending frag, i ; fcider 

o¥er moder Laj. 26092 ; twelf winter o\tx 

more Hay. 787; lijJer ober god treat. 

133 ; oW>r, or Orm. 480, 6255, 10882 ; 

other [orj . . . other [or] Langl. B xiii. 369 ; 

a maister or a pope Ch. C. t. ^^261. 
availen, v., avail \ ne mai mi streng)>e not 

availle [availe] Ch. C. T. A 2401 ; H. v. 81 ; 

availle Man. (F.) 5084; avail a m. 90; awail^e 

Barb. i. 336; awail a M. 7992; aveile Ch. 

Tro. i. 20 ; availe)> (pres^ Ch. h. f* 363. 
avdlen, v., O.Fr. avaler; lower, cause to 

descend, Ch. C. t. A 3122. 
avanoen, v., O.Fr. avancer ; advance ; avance 

MiN. 39 ; avaunce Ch. C. t. A 246 ; Man. 

(F.) 7246; avonci ayenb. 82; avaunoetS 

(pres.) A. R. 156; avanced (pple.) P. L. s. 

xvii. 383. 

avanoement, v., O.Fr. avancement; advance- 
ment, Shor. 148 ; avauncement Rob. 312. 
avant, sb., from avanten ; vaunt, boast, pro- 

mise, Kath.' 56 ; avaunt A. P. ii. 664 ; Fer. 

355 ; Alex.« (Sk.) 570. 
avantdge, sb., O.Fr. avantage; advantage, 

Ch. C. t. a 1293; avauntage Gow. I. 194; 

avontage ayenb. 209. 
avanten, avaunte, v., O.Fr. avanter ; vaunt, 

boast, Ch. C. t. Z>ioi4; avanti Shor. 

118. 
avantwarde, sb., O.Fr. avantgarde; van- 
guard, D. Arth. 324; avauntwarde Langl. 

Cxxii.95. 
avarice, sb., O.Fr. avarice ; avarice, ayenb. 

16 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (45). 
aveien, v., O.Fr. avier ; teach, inform ; aveide 

(pret.) Shor. 19 ; avaid (pple.) 158 ; awaied 

A. P. i. 709. 
aveiment, sb., O.Fr. aveiement ; instruction, 

Shor. 77 ; awaimenlia (pi.) Wint. (n.E.d.). 

ave-long, adj., = /?««, aflang, Swed. afling, 
from Lat. oblongus ; oblong, * oblongus^ PR. 
P. 17. 

aveien, see aflen. aven, see fifen. 
avenaunt, adj. & sb., Fr. avenant ; suitable^ 

fraceful; conveniens, S. S. (Web.) 1419; 
Ian. (F.) 7532 ; ilka man after his avenaunt 
4729. 



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avence. 



a-warien. 



37 



avence, sb^ 0./>. avence ; the plant avens 
geum, ^avencta,^ VOC. 139 ; PR. P. 17. 

Avene, pr. n., 0,E, Afen ; Avon, Laj. 21267 ; 
Avene striem P. L. s. viii. 126. 

avener, sb., 0,Fr, avenier, Lat. avenarius 
{an officer of the stable^ charged with the 
suppfy of provender) ; voc 176 ; PR. P. 18. 

avenge, v., ffor revenge; avenge , Langl. B 

V. 128*. 

aventaille, sb., OJF. aventaille; movable front 

of a helmet^ Fer. 238 ; aventaile Will. 3608. 
avente, v., OJFr, esventer ; refresh with air, 

Flor. 1941 ; awent Barb. vi. 305 ; aventid 

(pret.) D. Troy 7090 ; aventid {pple,) 

escaped, WiCL. s. w. I. 219. 
aventure, sb., O.Fr. aventure; adventure, 

A. R. 340; Misc 29; Will. 254; Alis. 

7837 ; be aventure Mand. 185 ; to do his lif 

an auntre [in aventure] Rob. 65. 
aventuren, v., O.Fr, aventurer; adventure, 

venture ; aventure Man. (H.) 70 ; auntre Ch. 

C. T. A 4209. 
aventurous, adj., adventurous, Gow. I. 93 ; 

Rich. 271. 
aver, sb., horse \ averes (pi.) Halliw. 117. 
aver, sb., O.Fr. aveir ; property ; avere Man. 

(H.) 124 ; aveer Mand. 292 ; havoir R. R. 

4720. 
averil, sb., 0,Fr. avril ; April, LA3. 24196 ; 

treat. 136"; SPEC. 27. 
averons, adj., cf Prov, avcros {avaricieux) ; 

greedy, Langl. B xv. 132, Cxvii. 279 ; avarous 

Gow. II. 147. 

avetrol, sb., f corrupted from O.Fr, avoltre ; 
f dastard, ALIS. 2693; S. S. (Web.) 1 107. 

avDi, v., 0,Fr, avilir ; make vile, p. L. s. xi. 10 ; 
aviled (pret) A. P. ii. 1713. 

avis, sb., OJ^r. avis ; advice, Rob. 89 ; Ch. C. 
T. A 1868 ; Mand. 180 ; Man. (F.) 5268. 

avise, v., OJ^r, aviser ; advise, devise, consi- 
der, Gow. I. 132 ; with alle ... be mirj»e fat 
men cx>u)>e avise Gaw. 45 ; of fine answere 
avise J« right wel Ch. l. g. w. 335. 

avifiement, sb., O.Fr. avisement ; advisement, 
Gow. I. 147 ; Ch. C.t. £• 1531 ; E. w. 27. 

avision, sb., O.Fr. avision ; vision, Rob. 255 ; 
avisioun Mand. 114. 

avocat, sb., O.Fr. avocat; advocate, ayenb. 
127; avocat, avoket Trev. VIII. 253. 

avoi, int., O.Fr. avoi {expressing surprise) ; A. 
P. ii. 863 ; Bek. 2066. 

avoidance, sb., emptying, ^ evacuation pr. p. 

19. 
avoiden, v., O.Fr. esvuidier, 6vuider ; empty; 

make void; avoid; ^ evacuo^ PR. P. 19; 

avoide Wicl. 1 Cor. xv. 24. 
svoQ, sb., vowy Trev. IV. 49; Will. 532; 

(h)is avou (ms. auow) he have)» imad Fer. 

1818. 



avoue, sb., O.Fr. avo^, =» avocat ; advocate, 
patron saint', avowe Alis. 3160; avowds 
(//.) Bek. 2118. 

avoneisotm, sb., advowson, Bek. 575. 

avonen, v., O.Fr. 2i\o^r, from Lot. advocare ; 
avow, acknowledge, declare ; avowe Man. 
(H.) 320 ; avowin ^advoco^ PR. p. 19 ; avoiih 
(imper.) HOM. I. 197; avoud (pple.) avenb. 

lOI. 

avonen, v., O.Fr. d^votr, from Lat. ♦advotare ; 

vow, bind by a vow, PL. CR. 847 ; avoue WiCL. 

gen. xxxi. 13. 

avouerie, sb., O.Fr. avouerie, avoerie; 

patronage, protection, p. s. 189; avouerie, 

avoerie ayenb. i 01, 146. 
avouter, sb., O.Fr. avoutre, avoltre ; adulterer, 

PR. P. 19 ; Ch. C. t. D 1372. 
avoutrie, sb., O.Fr. avoutrie ; adultery, Langl. 

B ii. 175 ; Ch. C.t.Z? 1306 ; Mand. 54. 
await, sb., O.Fr. await, agvait ; ambush, Ch. 

C. T. D 1657 ; awaitea 'insidiae' Trev. IV. 

165. 
awaite, v., O.Fr. agvaitierj await, Langl. B 

X. 333 (A xi. 222 has aspie) ; out he jeode 

for te awaite what )»at wonder were Bek. 86 ; 

awaitetS (pres^ A. R. 174 ; awaite)» c. L. 767 ; 

awaited (pple!) WiCL. ex. xxi. 13. 
a-w&ken, v., O.E. *awacan [pret. awoc) ; 

awake : awake (? «awakie) P. L. s. xiii. 323 ; 

Ch. l. g. w. 1332 ; awoc {pret.) Laj. 

1253 ; awok Rob. 15 ; awok, awook Langl. 

Av'\\\. 128, Cx. 293; Ch. C. t. AS364; 

Olimpias of slepe awok Alis. 355 ; be clerkes 

awoke P. L. s. x. 61 ; aw^e {pple.) c. L. 

473 ; REL. I. 144. 
a-wdkien [awdkie], v., O.E. awacian^^ 

O.H.G. erwachen ; awake, LA3. 17914 ; he 

mai awakien leb. Jes. 692 ; ich wolde 

awakien ))e A. R. 238 ; awakie Misc. 192 ; 

aw^e {imper.) Langl. Bv. 399 ; aw^ede 

{pret.) A. R. 236; awakede ayenb. 128; 

awakede, awaked Langl. B xiv. 332 ; (hi) 

awakede hine MISC. 32 ; aw^ed {pple.) 

Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (106) ; after he was awaked, 

Will. 679. 
a-wdkenen, v., O.E. awacnian, awaecnian; 

awaken {intrans.), Jul. ii ; J»et god muwe 

]7er of awakenen A. R. 44 ; aw^enetS {pres.) 

h. m. 27; aw&kned {pret.) Langl. ^xix. 

478 ; awakened {pple.) A. R. 58. 
a-wdlden, v., = M.H.G. erwalten ; govern, 

subdue, Laj. 4345 ; awealden (? = awelden) 

Jul. 69 ; awolde P. L. s. xvii. 335 ; aweald 

{imper.) Kath. 652. 
awane, see andwane. 
a-wappen, v., f astonish ; awaped {pple.) 

Alis. 899; Ar. & Mer. 3240; awhaped 

Ch. l. g. w. 814. 
awarden, v., O.Fr. awarder; award ; awards 

{pres.) Ch. C. t. C 202. 
a-warien, v., O.E. awergian, awyrgian ; curse, 



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38 



a-warnie. 



a-wr^ken. 



ban^ A. R. 284 ; awarlede {pret.) La^. 13946 ; 

awaried {fple.) r. s. IV ; awaned misc. 45 ; 

awirigd HOM. I. 223 ; awariede wihtes Kath. 

1066 ; his beoden beo^ aweriede hom. I. 49 ; 

ge aweregede gostes II. 69 ; ine awariede 

glednesse ayenb. 27 ; see awurien. 
a-wamie, v., /y&r jewamle ; defend^ Fer. 

4027. 
a-wasohen, v., 0,E. awascan, « O.H,G, 

arwaskan ; wash away ; awesoen (ppie.) 

HOM. I. 37. 

awe, see e^e and eowe. 
a-wecchen, v., 0.E, aweccan, = O.H.G. 

arwekkan, Gotk, uswakjan; arouse^ awaken 

{trans,)y HOM. I. 267; awecche rel. II. 

278 ; awechche leb. Jes. 691 ; aweoS (pres.) 

HOM. II. 179; aweoohetS {imper,) Mat. x. 

8 ; awahte {pret) Kath. 1044 ; awei^te 

Aus. 5858 ; hio awehten hine Mk. iv. 38 ; 

awehten, aweihten LA3. 811, 17805; awaht 

[aweht] {pple,) LA3. 4520. 
a-weden, v., O.E, awgdan ; rave^ bemad^ LA5. 

22020; awede Shor. 163; Will. 45; 

Trist. 3181 ; B. DISC. 957; awede)> (pres,) 

0. & N. 509; awddde (pret) Rob. 162; 
awM {pple.) A. R. 96 ; he was nej awed Bek. 
i486 ; awedde hundes Laj. 19538. 

a-w^^en, v., 0,E, awegan ; bear up ; aweiget^ 
(pres,) HOM. II. 181 ; fu awi^hst hom. I. 233. 

awei, see under wei. 

awel, sb., 0.E, awul, awel, al, sel, eal, cf.O.H.G, 
2l2t. f.f 0,N. air m., awl\ owul ^fuscinuW 
FRAG. 4 (voc. 93) ; owel, ewel o. & N. 80 ; 
al ^ subulam' WiCL. DEUT. xv. 17 ; el A. R. 
324 ; eawles (pL) Kath. 2209 ; eaules misc. 
153 ; aules A. R. 212 ; oweles leg. 159 ; oules 
Brd. 22; Map 339; Ch. C. t. Z>i73o; 
eles AYENB. 66 ; eaule (datpL) Misc. 83. 

a-w^lden, v., govern^ subdue, hom. I. 81 ; 
awelden, awilden LA5. 4083, 27327; awelde 
REL. I. 184 (misc 128) ; Trey. I. 91 ; 
aw^ldetS (pres,) A. R. 144 ; awalde, awaelde, 
awelde (preL) Laj. 1643, 4663, 6167 ; 
awald (j^le,) Laj. 4146; awild 12084*; 
awealt Kath. 555. 

a-wele^en, v., fmake or become rtchy luxurious; 
heo wolde dies awilegen A. R. 176; hwit 
awilegetS (?) )« eien 282 ; nes ))er nan swa 
wraecche Brut )>at he nes awaited La^. 
22718. 

a-welten, v., 0,E, awyltan; roll away; 
awelte (prel.) Mat. xxviii. 2. 

a-wemmeiiy v., injure; awsemmen La^. 
21290; awemmed (pple,) hom. I. 83 ; rel. 

1. 128 ; La^. 2212. 
awen, ^^^&3en. 

a-wendan, v., 0,E, awendan, = 0,H,G, 
irwendan, Goth, uswandjan ; turn away, hom. 
I. 109 ; awende (Pret) hom. I. 219 ; awend 
(pple.) Laj. 1973* ; Thomas ... out of mi 
lond is awend Bek. 1240 ; awent Trev. V. 



229 ; hi alle wut^on awende of fan fejre hiwe 
be hi an ^escapen were to lo^ce deoflen hom. 
I. 219. 

awene, awne, sb., 0,N. dgn, 0,H,G, agana, 
Goth, ahana ; awn, ear of com, * arista^ PR. P. 
18 ; agiinea (pL) voc. 155. 

a-weorpen, v., 0,E, aweorpan ; cast out, cast 
down ; aworpen A. R. 122 ; awarpen Kath. 
590 ; awerpetS (pres^ hom. I. 25 ; aworpe^ 
113; awarpej) REL. II. 210 (P. L. S. xxxii. 
2) ; awurpen (pret) Mat. xxi. 39 ; aworpen 
(pple,) A. R. 278. 

a'w^er-mddysb., f pride, (ms, awwermod) Orm. 
4720. 

a-westen, v., 0,E, awestan ; lay waste ; 
awestetS (pres,) hom. I. 13 ; awSste (pret,) 
LA5.6452 ; awdst (pple.) Laj. 2149. 

a-wiht, pron., 0,E. awiht, auht, aht, = 0,H,G. 
eowiht; aught, anything, hom. I. 103; j)at 
he . . . him awiht hafde ki)>ed Orm. 16979 ; 
J?at miht oht (ms, ohht) angren o)>re 432 ; 
3if heo wes awiht hende LA3. 7027 ; \i2X 
aevere aht cu¥e ))er on 11 986 ; J?e heom oht 
lufeden 25346 ; eawiht hom. I. 3 ; owiht, out 
[eawicht] A. R. 88, 124; au^t Langl. 
(Wr.) 3331 ; aught Rich. 2460 ; ajt AYENa 
194; Shor. 95; eawt Kath. 1193; ouht, 
ojt o. & N. 662 ; oujt, out Will. 952, 
1823; Trey. III. 39; oht spec. 71; ojt 
Horn (L.) 976 ; Bek. 1422 ; ogt gen. & 
ex. 1793 ; am i oght that shreu Townl. 180. 

a-wilden, v., 0,E, awildian ; grow wild, a. r. 
176*. 

[a-wildgen], a-wile^eiiy v., = awilden ; grow 
wild; bewilder, dazzle, A. r. 176 ; hwit 
awilege^ )« eien 282. 

a-winnen, v., 0,E, awinnan, = 0,H,G, ar- 
winnan; win, acquire, La^. 18761 ; HORN 
(L.) 1071 ; awinne Fl. & Bl. 132; P. L. S. 
xvii. 99 ; AYENB. 85 ; REL. II. 243 ; S. S. (Web.) 
1822 ; awonne (pple) LA3. 605*. 

a-witen, v., know; watch over; awiste 
(pret.) Laj. 27264 ; awuste hom. I. 288. 

a-wldten, v., disgust ; awUted (pple,) Rob. 
485. 

a-wlenchen, y., make splendid; awlenctS 
(printed awlene^) hire mid clones rel. 
I. 129 (hom. II. 163). 

awneiiy \,,^M,H,G. ougenen; show; (ms, 
awwnenn) Orm. 979 ; & sone an an se J)is 
was ))aer)>urh godes engles awned 3385. 

a-wr&<5ien, y., become wroth \ ne noht soglad 
)»at hit ne awr6))e|) o. & N. 1278 ; awraooed 
(pple,) Laj. 24834. 

a-wrecchen, v., pull out : & habbe^ al mi 
kinelond awr»ht (pres.) ut of mire bond Laj. 
15435 \ whan |>e limes bee|> awrei^ (^dislo- 
cantur*) out of here oune places Trey. II. 
181. 

a-wr^ken, y., 0,E, awrecan, = 0,H,G, 
errechan ; reject ; avenge : fat ilke )»at Howel 



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a-widten. 



bacin. 



39 



Iiaf{^ ispeken ne seal hit na man awreken 
La^. 25194 ; awreken sunne A. R. 334 ; awreke 
AYENB. 9 ; Rich. 1771 ; he mihte . . . ful sone 
hine awreke Misc 44 ; awreo {imper,) \>t nu 
on me R. s. ii. (misc. 162); awrdo (pret,) 
A. R. 334 ; awr^en {pple,) Trist. 2446 ; 
awreke o. & N. 262 ; awreke ROB. 142 ; 
Alis. 2519; he wolde ben awreke Fer. 1821 ; 
awreken, awroken Ch. C. t. A 3752, -F784 ; 
awroke Langl. B vi. 204. 
a-writen, v., 0,E. awiTtan ; write out ; awrit 
(pres.) PR AG. 2 ; awrftt (pret.) HOM. I. 13 ; 
awriten (pple^ frag. 7; hit is awriten on 
boken hom. I. 1 13. 

a-wnndiien, v., 0,E, awundnan ; anuixey sur- 
prise: seint Gregorie awundre^ him A. R. 
146 ; awundrede (pret,) Kath. 312 ; awon- 
diede iiisc. 32 ; awundred (pple.) LA3. 
15972 ; awundred Kath. 1249 ; awondred 
Fer. 3197 ; Will. 872 ; of mi tale ne beoj) 
noght awondred Halliw. 123. 

a-wtirien, v., 0,E. awyrgan, = 0,H,G, er- 
wurgen ; worry ^ choke^ £vour ; awirien PL. 
CR. 662 ; ^ vox awuiietS al enne iloc A. R. 
202; awurie)> (f printed 2i^2int\) MISC. 149; 
aworied (pple,) A. R. 252. 

a-wiirtSen, v., 0,E, aweor^an, - O.H,G. 

erwerdan; turn (into); come to nothing \ 

awurSe'S (pres,) a. R. 200; to blisse hit 

awurSe (subj,) LA3. 25580 (sec, text has 

teome). 
a^wiir'Sien, v., 0,E, aweor^ian ; honour ; a- 

wurSede (pret,) Laj. 9529. 
aXy axe, see eax. axe, see asohe. 
axe, axen, -ere, see aske, etc. 
[axel, sb., 0,N, 6xull ; axle:\ 
axel-trd, sb., 0,N, oxultre ; axle-tree^ C M. 

21268 ; axille tre Mand. 181 ; axiltre PR. P. 

20 ; exiltre VOC 278. 
axes, see acoes. 
axien, see askien. 



b&, see bd^en. 

ba, v., kiss, Ch. C. t. D^t^i, 

baban, sb., in/ant, a. r. 234. 

b4be, sb., cf. Swed, babe (Ihre) ; babe, Gow. 

I. 344 ; h. V. I ; lud. Gov. 84 ; bab Townl. 

149. 
babel, sb., bauble, p. s. 335 ; Gow. III. 224; 

babul, babil * librilla ' PR. P. 20. 

babelavante, sb., f Jester, Chest. II. 34. 

babenri, sb., F—babwinerie ; grotesque 
absurdity; baberi D. Troy i 563 ; babeuwries 
[v,r, babeuries, rabewiures] Ch. h. f. 1189. 

babi, sb., baby, Langl. Bxvil 95 ; babies 
(pi,) Gow. I. 268. 

babir-lippid, adj., large lipped, 'labrosus,* 
PR. P. 20 ; baberlipped Langl. B v. 190. 



babisohen, v., 0,Fr. baubiss-, baubir ; scoj^ 
at; babiflhed (pret,) Townl. yS, 
bablen, \,,^Ger, babeln, Dan, bable; bab- 
ble ; babelinde (pple,) a. r. 100 ; bablede 
(pret,) Langl. A\,Z (Wr. 2487). 
babiiin, babewin, sb., 0,Fr, babuin; baboon, 
PR. p. 20; babewines (pi) Mand. 210; 
baboines A. p. ii. 1409. 

babwinrie, sb., cf, Fr, babouinerie; from 
babouin (baboon) ; grotesque ornamentation, 
WiCL. E. w. 8. 
bao, adv., back, misc. 228. 
bao, sb., 0,E, bxc,'^ OX.G, bac, 0,N, bak 
n., 0,Fris, bek m,j' back, A. R. 290; Ha v. 
J56 ; )« deor feol a bac (aback) Laj. 6493 ; teh 
nine a bac ward 20086 ; a bac treat. 134; 
bac & side Orm. 4776; sant Johan droh 
him o bach 10656 ; bak Man. (H.) 133 ; 
Tor. 2590 ; have he turned \te bak P. s. 339 ; 
on bak ant. Arth. xlv ; a bak o. & 
N. S77 ; Jos. 496; Rich. 4716 ; lud. Cov. 
211 ; baech Lk. ix. 62^; a bak (bakcloj)?) 
to walken in Ch. C. t. G^88i; a bee hom. 
I. 239 ; bake (dat,) H. H. 54 ; bakkes (pi,) 
clothes, Langl. B x. 362 ; and alle his bakkes 
rente Will. 2096. 

bao-biten, v., backbite ; bacbite MiRC 1267 ; 
bakbite Langl. B ii. 80; bacbite (pple.) 
p. s. 157. 

bao-bitere, sb., Swed, bakbltare (RiETz) ; 
backbiter, R. s. vii ; WiCL. lev. xix. 16 ; 
bacbitare A. R. 82. 

bao-bitunge, sb., backbiting, hom. 1. 205 ; 
A. R. 82 ; bakbitinge Langl. Sy, 130. 
bao-bdn, sh,,^Swed. bakben; backbone, 
voc. 146 ; bakbon L. H. R. 190. 
bak-olot'es, sb. pi., clothes, Langl. Bx, 
362*. 

bao-dunt, sb., blow on the back, A. R. 
290. 

bao-half^ sb., farther side, WiCL. GEN. xix. 
6 ; bakhalf Ch. astr. i. 4 (4). 
bak-side, sh,,^Swed, baksida; back, Ch. 
ASTR. i. 15 (8). 

bao-ward, adv., backward, Man. (F.) 5052 ; 
bakward B. DISC. 1637 ; Ch. C. t. A 42S1. 
bao*warde, sb., rear-guard, Laj. 23814. 
bak-water, sb., backwater. Trey. I. 57. 
baoohe, ^.,=^Swed, bak n,j batch, baking; 
bahche, batche (? bacche) ^pistura ' PR. p. 21. 
baoh, see ba»ch. 

bacheler, sb., O.Fr, bacheler ; bachelor, Rob. 
30 ; bacheler, bacheleer Ch. C. t. ^ 80 ; 
whe})er he be knijt or bachiler Will. 840. 

baohelerie, sb., O.Fr, bachelerie ; the body of 

bachelors, state of a bachelor, ROB. 76, 191 ; 

Ch. C. t. E 270. 
baoin, sb., O.Fr, bacin ; basin, Fl. & Bl. 563 ; 

Shor. 51; s. s. (Web.) 2242; Rich. 2557; 

basin ^pelvis* voc. 178; Aus. 2333; Jos. 



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40 



bacinet. 



baiU. 



697 ; basinB (pi,) of bras P. S. 189 ; bascins 

Marh. 9. 
baoinet, basinet, sb., O.Fr. bacinet {bassinet) ; 

helmet, Rich. 403, 5266. 
backe, sb., =» Dan, (aften)bakke ; bat, WiCL. 

LEV. xi. 19; bakke ^vespertilio^ PR. P. 21 ; 

LiDG. M. P. 152. 
baoken, v., from bao ; clothe ; bakken [bak] 

Langl. -r4xi. 185. 
bacon, baooun, sb.. 0,Fr, bacon [Af.Du,, 

MJL.G, bake, O.H,G, bacho ace. bachun] ; 

bacon, Langl. B\. 194; Ch. C. t. />i753; 

bacun ^ petaso^ PR. P. 20 ; baoouns (//.) Fer. 

2696. 
badde, sb., feat ; baddis [i/. r. baddej] Alex. 

1763. 
badde, adj., bcul, Will. 5024; Alis. 2 118; 

s. s. (Web.) 643 ; Trev. VII. 343 ; Ch. C. t. 

E 1608 ; our bijete was badde REL. II. 242 ; 

tis badde king Rob. 108 ; two badde prestes 
,ANGL. ^ X. 281 ; baddere {compar,) Ch. C. 

T. F22^ 

badde-liobe, adv., badly, ROB. 566. 
baddenesse, sb., badness, Langl. B xii. 49. 
b&de, %h,,-M,H.G, beit /; from biden; 

dwelling, delay, Trist. 345 ; bode hom. II. 

185; bad© (dat,) C. M. 7399; Perc. 41; 

bode Flor. 374 ; Ch. An. i 19 ; boute bod(e) 

Will. 149 ; cofnp. a-b&d. 
badien, y,,=^M,L,G. beiden, 0,H,G, beiton; 

wait : badien J>e king wolde fat his folc come 

La^. 25649. 
bfldohy sb., valley, La^. 2596 ; beohe, bache 

(dat^ 757, 5644; over baches and hulles 

Langl. C viii. 1 59 ; bsdoohen {dat, pL) Laj. 

21776; ^^;;//. cou-baohe. 
bfldften, see bi»ften. 
b»l, bal, sh,,O.E.h^\,0,N. bal, modEng.bale 

(-fire) ; funeral pile, bonfire \ basl Laj. 17130 ; 

bal Wr. dict. 153 ; bdle (dot.) M. H. 169 ; in 

a bale of fiir PL. CR. 667. 
b»len, v,,^0,N, bsela; bum: bohie & bele 

a.p. i. 18. 
[bfldlien, v., 0.E, (a)baBligan, byjgan, from 

bel^en ; comp, a-belien.] 
bflBre, sb., 0.E, baer, = aZ.6^., O.H.G. bara, 

OJ^ris. here ; from beren ; bier, 'feretrum,^ 

FRAG. 4; Orm. 8167 ; baere [bere] Laj. 19481 ; 

here voc. 193 ; Misc. loi ; gen. & ex. 2481 ; 

Fl. & Bl. 14 ; Bek. 899 ; P. L. s. xvii. 196; 

GOW. III. 263; LiDG. M. P. 34 ; ANT. ARTH. 

xiv; TOWNL. 232; bere, beere Ch. C. t. 
A 2900 ; beere PR. P. 32 ; bSren [beres] (pi.) 
LA3. 27876 ; comp, hors-b3re. 

bfir^KiisOy sh,,^ O.E, bserdisc; 'ferculum,^ 
FRAG. 4. 

ber-13py sb., basket, WiCL. Mk. viii. in SEL. 
W.I. 17. 

ber-man, sb., 0,E, bsennan; porter, LA3. 
3317; Hav. 868. 



b»rm, x^^ bearm. 

bsem, see beam. b»men, see brennen. 

bslwen, v. ? = M,H.G, baen (firuere) ; foment : 

to clensen & to baewen Orm. 15153; bfiwoJ> 

(pres,) Orm. 197 19. 
baffen, v., beat, strike : apon )»air brestes fast 

)»ai beft m. «. xviii ; beft (pple,) GOLAG. & 

Gaw. 870. 
baffln, v., « Du, baffen, Ger. baffen ; bark, 

* latro^ PR. P. 20. 
baflang, sb., barking, P. P. II. 53; baffinge 

PR. P. 20. 

baften, see bi-Aften. 
bagage, sb., 0,Fr, bagage; luggage, P. R. L. P. 

18; baggage dream ioi. 
bagge, sb., cf 0,N, baggi m. (pakke, byli, 

Fritzn.) ; bag, ^ sacculus^ PR. P. 21 ; trans. 

XVIII. 28 ; Trev. I. 257 ; pl. cr. 223 ; h. s. 

501 ; beren bagge on bac A. R. 168 ; a bagge 

ful of eiren P. L. S. xii. 57 ; a beggeres bagge 

Langl. B xiv. 248 ; baggen (pL) & packes 

A. R. 168 ; bagges P. s. 150. 
bagge*fUl» sb., bagful, P. L. S. xii. 57. 
bagge-plpoy sb., bagpipe, PR. P. 21 ; Ch. C. 

T. A 565. 
bagge, bage, sb., bc^dge, pr. p. 20 ; bagges 

(pL) Halliw. 132 ; bages Alex. 4180. 
baggen, v., squint, look away : bat baggeth (?) 

foule Ch. d. Bl. 623 ; ))at ^i fcaggen (?) not 

)>er fro WiCL. s. w. I. 191. 
bagging-li, adv., with a side glance, R. R. 

292. 

baggin, v., become baggy, * tumeo,* PR. P. 21. 
bagged, pple., pregnant : )>e mere was 

bagged wi)) fole Perc. 717. 
baghel, sb., 0,N, bagall, from Lot. baculus ; 

bishofs crosier, P. S. 307. 
bai, adj., 0,Fr, bai, ItaL baio, LeU, badius ; 

bay (colour),\Qu. C. T. -4 2157 ; B. Disc. 1044. 
bai, sb., ?=abai ; bay, bark, Gaw. 1582. 
bai, sb. ? « 0,N. bagr ; * obstaculum,^ PR. P. 21 . 
baiard, sb., 0,Fr, baiart ; bayard, bay horse^ 

Ch. C. t. -^44115. 
bale, sb.,^abai, barking; holding at bay : 

bai of bor Alis. 200 ; bestis baie LUD. Cov. 

180; baie Will. 35. 
baie, sb., Fr, baie, ItaL baia ; bay (of the sea), 

Trev. I. 57 ; bai (opening in a wall) A. p. ii. 

1392; Pall. ii. 198. 
baie, sb., Fr. baie ; berry ; bai * bacca * PR. P. 

21 ; bales (//.) Pall. ii. 414. 

bai-trdy sb., bay-tree, voa 181. 
baiin, v., 0,Fr, baier ; bay, bark at, PR. P. 21 ; 

baie Egl. 286 ; baien (pres.) Gaw. 1909. 
baile, baili, sb., O.Fr. bailie (barrih-e, porte 

avancie) ; bailey, C. M. 10023 ; bali A. P. i. 

1082 ; wern put ... in baile (prison) Fer. 

1211 ; bailee (pl.) c. L. 687. 
baill, sb., O.Fr. baili ; bailif, Will. 5387 ; c. 



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baili. 



bdle. 



41 



M. 11195 ; bailif Rob. 499; baillif Ch. C. t. 

A 603 ; bailifiB (//.) ayenb. 122. 
bali-Bchepe, sb., office of bailiffs * balliaius^ 

PR. P. 22 ; bailliship WiCL. S. w. I. 22. 
baillie, sb., 0,Fr, baillie \ jurisdiction^ cuimin- 

istration^ Bek. 202 ; P. L. S. xxiv. 78 ; Alis. 

7532 ; R. R. 4302 ; Man. (F.) 5243 ; bailie 

JARB. XIII. 166; bailiea (//.) ayenb. 26. 
bain, adj., 0.N, beinn, prov. Eng. bain; 

direct^ prompt^ Trist. 708 ; Iw. 766 ; Gaw. 

1092; Amad. (R.) xlvii; AV. Arth. Iviii; 

TowNL. 28; LUD. Cov. 173; bein Amad. 

(\Veb.) 514 ; beane Chest. I. 50 ; beaine II. 

181 ; comp, iin-bain. 
bainedy adj., burst ; bainid, as benis or pesin, 

^fresusy PR. P. 21. 
baisk, adj., 0,N, beiskr ; harsh^ Wr. dict. 152; 

bejsc Orm. 6698 ; bask WiCL. S. w. III. 42. 
baisment, sb., = abashment \feary a. P.i. 174. 
baisseziy v.,«aba8aen; abash^ be abctshed\ 

basahede \pret,) WiCL. Jos. ii. 11; baist 

(pret:) Gaw. 376 ; baiste (pple^) D. Arth. 

2856; basschede 2121. 
baite, sb., 0,N, beita ; from biten ; baityfood, 

C. M. 16931 ; Gow. 1. 310 ; beite Halliw. 172 ; 

beit LiDG. M. P. 218. 
baiten, v., 0,N, beita, = 0,H.G, beizen ; baity 

make to bite: if knight let his eien baiten 

{/east) on ani woman Ch. Tro: i. 192 ; baite 

Will. 1723; Tor. 1566; beiton ^commor- 

deo^ PR. P. 29; )>e bere beite Hay. 1840; 

wilde bueres bete A. D. 237 ; })e5 dursten bejten 

(punish) men for ae)>elike gilte Orm. 10171 ; 

baite (pres, subj.) Mand. 243 ; baited (ppie.) 

A. P. ii. 55 ; comp. a^baiten. 
baitinfiT, sb., 0.N, belting; baiting, Alis. 

199 ; beitinge PR. P. 29. 
bail>en, v., O.N, bei^a; f make to obtain ; i shal 

baijien J)i bone Gaw. 327; I bai)>e hit 50W 

neuer to grante 1840; )7at b2Li()>)e]> me mi bone 

SPEC. 27. 
bak, see bac. 
b&ken, v., O.E. bacan,= O.N. baka, O.H.G. 

pachan, bachan ; bake ; bakin, bake PR. P. 21 ; 

bake CH. C. T. A 384 ; bdkest (pres.) Orm. 

1566; book {pret.) WiCL. Is. xhv. 19; P. R. 

L. P. 191 ; boke REL. I. 83 ; b^en {pple.) 

Rich. 3613 ; baken Orm. 993 ; bakin, bake 

PR. P. 21 ; bake mete Ch. C. t. A 343 ; ibake 

Langl. a vi. 285 ; LiDG. M. P. 85 ; tiles wel 

ibake Ch. l. g. w. 709. 
Mkere, sb., 0,E. baecere,=O.A^. bakari; 

baker, voc. 176; E. G. 354; b^ikares {pi.) 

MISC. 189; bakers Langl. A iii. 70. 
bakeatre, sb., O.E. baecestre (fem.) ; baker, 

^pistor^ FRAG. 4; baxtere Halliw. 152; 

bakeaterea (//.) Langl. B iii. 79. 
bak-em» sb., O.E. baecem ; bakehouse, ^pis- 

trinum* FRAG. 4 (VOC. 93). 
bak-houa» sb., O.E. baechus, = M.H.G. 



bach-, bachus ; bakehouse, ^pistrina^ PR. P. 

21 ; bachous ^ pistrinum ' voc 204 ; E. w. 73. 

b^Udnge, sb., baking, ^pistura^ PR. P. 21. 

bal, sb., O.N. bollr, - M.H.G. bal, gen. 

balles; ball, treat. 137; Trev. III. 425 ; 

s. s. (Wr.) 2066; Rich. 4So6; (balle?) Ch. 

C. T. A 2614', fane little bal AYENB. 179; 

balle {dat.) treat. 134 ; ballea {pi,) Laj. 

17443; Alis. 6481. 

bal-pleiere, sb., ballplayer, PR. P. 22. 
bal-pleowe, sb., ball-play, A. R. 218. 
baly see b&L 

bal&de, sb., O.Fr. balade; ballad, Gow. 1. 133. 
balan, sb., f O.Fr. balin ; a strong stuff made 

of tow, Alex. 4851. 
balance, sb., O.Fr. balance; balance, Rob. 

200; AYENB. 30; belaunce Will. 948. 
bald, balden, see beald, bealden. 
baldemoin, sb., gentian, Gow. I. 99 ; PR. p. 

22. 
bWe, sb., O.Fr. bale ; bale, * bulga^ PR. P. 22 ; 

A. p. iii. 157 ; b61ea {pi.) Fer. 4202. 
bdle, adj., O.E. beala, - Goth. *balws ; baleful, 

evil, pernicious, MiRC 1383; bale drinch hom. 

I. 283; wi^ se bale bere Kath. 2370; bale 

dee)> Langl. A xviii. 35 ; bale stour A. P. iii. 

426 ; bale biemez D. Arth. 1483. 
b&le, bain, bseln, sb., O.E. bealu, bealo, « 

O.L.G. balu, 0,H.G. balo, O.N. b61 n.j bale, 

destruction, calamity, LA3. 1455, 2597, 195 19 ; 

fat baleu MISC. 42 ; & tet beali [bali] blencte 
UL. 72, 73 ; bale H. M. 3 ; GEN. & ex. 68, 
1984 : H AV. 327 ; SPEC 26 ; S. S. (Web.) 702 ; 
Will. 75 ; Langl. B xviii. 200 ; Gaw. 2419 ; 
I w. 3062; PR. c 6465; AMAD.(R.)iv; hwone 
]>e bale is aire hecst ]K)nne is )>e bote aire 
necst o. & N. 687, 699 ; balewea {gen^ Misc. 
97; balewe, bal we, balu we {dat.) LA3. 310, 
1618, 27065 ; balewe [bale] Kath. 551 ; al \\ 
blisse to balewe [bale] schal iwurben REL. I. 
183, 185 (MISC. 126, 127); after bale come|> 
bote Fl. & Bl. 821 ; ))at is falle bale leche Al. 
(T.) 179 ; baluwen {gen. pi) LA3. 9685 ; 
balewen (dai.pi.) frag. 5. 

bale-band? sb., cruel bond: balebondea 
(//.) (?bale bondes) Marh. 13. 

bale-dunt ? sb., mortal blow ; baliduntea 
HOM. I. 281. 

balu-feht, sb., mortal fight, Laj. 5943. 

balu-fdl, adj., O.E. bealofull ; baleful, LA5. 
24938; HOM. I. 215; baluh-, baleful A. R. 
114. 

bale-l§aa, adj., O.E. bealuleas; innocent; 
balelez A. P. iii. 227. 

balu-rsM [balonreaa], sb., La^. 25936. 

baluh-utS, sb., O.E. bealusi^; evil fate, 
HOM. I. 200 ; balesi% Marh. 23 ; to his bale- 
si¥c Laj. 567 ; bale8i}>ea {pL) REL. I. 179. 

bale-atour, sb., death struggle: bed me 
bilive mi balestour a. p. iii. 425. 



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42 



bale. 



banerere. 



b»lu-wi8,*adj., O.N, bolvTss (ms, baeliwis) ; 

wickedy balefiil^ Laj. 17 130. 
balei, sb., O.Fr. balai; baleis (//.), rods^ 

Shor. 47 ; Langl. a x. 176. 
baleisen, y^^Jlog with rods ; baleised (pret,) 

Langl. ^v. 175. 
balene, sb., O.Fr, baleine, LaL balaena; 

whaUy voc. 222 ; baleines ( j>/.) Trev. II. 13. 
bales, sb., 0,Fk balais ; balasy ruby, CT. love 

78 ; balas quair 46. 
ba^, adj., flat-topped : balwe ^planus * PR. P. 

22 ; a bal3 berj Gaw. 2172 ; his balje haunchez 

2032. 

ball, see bell, 
balinger, sb., A.Fr. balenger, = O.Fr, ba- 

leinier {whale-ship) ; a sea-going vessel ; 

balingers (//.) N. E. D. 
baliste, sb., Lat. ballista; balistis (pi.) WiCL. 

I Macc vi. 20. 
balke, sb., 0,E. balca, = 0,Fris, balka, O.L,G, 

balco, 0,H,G, balco, balcho, 0.N, bjalki; balky 

beam; ridge in a field ; ^trabs,porcay'v^,v, 

21, 22; Ch. C. t. a 3920; TOWNL. 99 ; LUD. 

Cov. 343; balkes (pi,) ^trefs^ voc. 170; 

Langl, A vi. 109. 
balkin, y.y=Swed, balka ; balky plough awryy 

^ porcoy PR. P. 22 ; but so wel halt no man 

)>e plogh ))at he ne balke}> ojier while Gow. 

1.296. 
ballardy sb., baldheaded many Trev. I. 241 ; 

WiCL. 4 KINGS ii. 23. 
baUe, sb., = M,H,G, balle ; bally ' pila^ voc. 

240 ; OCTAV. (H.) 1272 ; c. M. 16788 ; see bal. 
balled, adj., baldy Trev. 1. 283 ; Langl. B xx. 

183 ; Ch. C. t. A 198 ; ballid ^calvus ' PR. P. 

22 ; WiCL. lev. xiii. 41 ; ballid and bar was 

)>e reson dep. R. iv. 70. 
balled cote, sb., bald cooty ^blarie^ voc. 165. 
ballednesse, sb., baldness y Rob. 482* ; rel. 

II. 56; ballidnesse *calvities^ PR. P. 22. 
ballen, v., 0,Fr. bailer, baler ; dance ; bale C. 

M. 13139- 
balloky sb., O.E. bealluc, prov,Eng, ballock ; 

Uesticulus* voc. 208; ballokes (//.) Mand. 

162 ; WiCL. lev. xxii. 24. 
ballok-ood, sb., scrotunty voc 208. 
ballok-knif^ sb., knife with two knobs on the 

handley Langl. Bxv, 151. 
ballok-Btdn, sb., ^ gemtaUy voc 208. 
bealloo-wirt, sb., orchiSy LEECHD. III. 313. 
balmin, see basmen. balsme, see bcuime. 
baltren, v., « Dan, baltre ; stumble about ; 

balteree (pres,) A. P. iii. 459 ; baltirde (pret,) 

D. Arth. 782. 

balUy see bale, bame, see basme, -en. 
ban, sb., 0,E, bann, = 0,N. bann, 0,L,G,y 

O.H.G. ban, O.Fris, ban, bon ; bony edict : 

(h)is ban aboute he sende ROB. 187 ; er )>e )>e 

ba^ es igred Shor. 71 ; lat crie ]>e ban porgh 



j)e toun E. G. 359 ; banne (dat^ A. P. ii. 95 ; 
ich fohi ])an ahte manne and fleo bi nihte in 
heore banne o. & N. 390 ; comp, ^e-ban. 

ban, sb., 0.E, ban, = 0,L.G,y 0,Fris. ben, 
O.H,G,y 0,N, bein ; bonsy LA5. 7559 ; HOM. I. 
253 ; Kath. 232 ; Trist. 274 ; bon ROB. 126; 
boon WiCL. GEN. xxix. 14; ban, banes [bones] 
(//.) LA5. 1603, 1875 ; bon FRAG. 6 ; O. & N. 
1120 ; MISC. 54 ; CHR. E. 417 ; bone REL. I. 
120; banes Kath. 2517; Iw. 2052; bones 
A. R. 350 ; buones ayenb. 148 ; bftnen (dat. 

pi) LA5. 29562 ; comp, bao-, cheak-, hfifii-, 
lend-, 8ohin-bftn(-bdn). 
b&n-fir, sb. (ms, banefyre), bonfire, ^ ignis 
ossium^ CATH. 20. 

b&n-les, adj., 0,E, banleas; boneless, Kath. 
251. 

bon-Bcbawe, sb., sciatica, PR. P. 44. 
b&n-wort» sb., 0,E, banwvrt, =il/.//^6^.bein- 
wurz (senecio) ; bonewort (name of many dis- 
tinct plants) ; 'osmunda* voa (W. W.) 556 ; 
bonwort or daisie MS, in PR. P. 52. 

band, sb.,-aZ.a, O.Fris.y 0.N, band, 0,H. 
G, pant, band n,j band (bond)y Iw. 2394; 
Degr. 869; TowNL. 219; irene band Orm. 
1 982 1 ; bond ^ vinculum y ligamen ' PR. P. 43 ; 
CL. M. 72 ; * instita ' VOC. 182 ; ^laqueus^ Bek. 
1099; Tor. 318; ^foedus* Wicl. gen. xiv. 
13 ; Man. (F.) 2851 ; hwo so brekis this bond 
AUD. II ; and gat of hem J« band [bond] 
(obligation) Ch. C. t. ^1558; Jie bond 
^at hi^te matrimoine A 3094 ; bande (pi) 
Sax. CHR. 254; bonde ^vincula^ voa 180; 
SPEC 58 ; ¥or (h)ise fon he leide in bonde 
GEN. & EX. 2693 ; bandes PR. c 3209 ; slaepes 
bandes Orm. 2971 ; bondes ^bcmdeaus^ rel. 
11.83; Marh. 13; Hav. 538; iren bondes 
Hand. 163 ; les me out of Sonde spec. 29. 
band-dogge, sb., fbanddogy voc. 187 : bond- 
dogge * molosus ' PR. P. 43. 

bande, see bounde. 

bandon, sb., 0,Fr, bandon ; dispositiony dis- 
cretiony R. R. 1163; bandun, baundun A. R. 
338 ; ich am in hire baundoun spec. 27 ; see 
abandun. 

b&ne, sb.,= 0,E. bana, bona, 0,Fris, bona, 
0,L.G. bano, 0,H,G, pano, M.Du, bane, 0,N. 
bani m, (interfector) ; bane, destroyery destruc- 
Hon, ^exitium^ PR. p. 22 ; HOM. 1. 243 ; REL. 
I. 219 (Misa 15) ; Ch. C. t. A 1097; Man. 
(F.) 8330; Tor. 1691; he sloui his fader 
ban(e) Trist. 901 ; bane, bone Kath. 2397 ; 
Marh. 13 ; he wes moni ennes monnes bone 
[bane] Laj. 7554; bone A. R. 222; Perc 1338; 
comp, hen-bane. 

banen, 2A!].y^M,H.G, beinin; made of bone ; 
wi)> bonene wal rel. I. 112. 

banere, sb., 0,Fr, banere, baniere; banner, 
A. R. 300 ; baner RoB. 167 ; Ch. C. t. A 966 ; 
Man. (F.) 8445. 

banerere, sb., 0,Fr. banerier; standard 



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baneret. 



barel. 



43 



bearer, c M. 12703 ; banerrere OCTOV. (W.) 
1604. 

baneret, sb., O.Fr. baneret ; banneret, Degr. 
1017 ; banerets (//.) Rob. 551. 

baneuTy sb., OJFr. baneor ; standard-bearer, 
Rob, 361 ; baneur, baniour c M. 12723 ; 
banier, baneour Langl. B xv. 428 ; baniour 
Trev. II. 215. 

banisohin, v., 0,Fr, baniss- ; banish, pr. p. 
23 ; banished {pple,) Ch. C. t. A 1725. 

banLk, sb.,= O.Frts, bank, bonk m., O.H.G. 
banch, panch m, f,, 0.N, bakki m,j bank 
{mound, shore); bench; *nfj^^i/ VOC239; PR. 
P. 23 ; bank scamnum lud. Cov. 170 ; bonk 
Gaw. 700 ; bonk (mound) A. p. i. 102 ; banke 
{dai,) Langl. A PROL. 8 ; upon ))e see bonke 
Gaw. 1. 165 ; bonke Will. 2718 ; stod uppen 
ane boncke (sec. text benche) LA5. 25185 ; 
bankes (pi.) Trev. II. 27 ; Isum. 169; J?urh 
bankes & ])urh grsefes ORM.9210. 

banker, sb., f O.Fr, banquier; cloth, or carpet, 

for a bench, PR. P. 23 ; bankers (pi) ant. 

ARTH. XXXV. 

bannen, v., 0.E, bannan, bonnan (pret. beon, 
ppie, gebonnen), « O.H.G, bannan, O.Fris. 
banna, bonna (pret, ben, bante, ppie, bannen), 
OJ^. banna (pret, banna^a) ; ban, proclaim, 
summon, curse', bannen, bonnien [banni] LA5. 
7952, 8054, 19907 ; bannin, * maledico, exse- 
croi PR. p. 23; banne REL. I. 177; Will. 
476 ; Fer. 5424 ; Langl. .^4 i. 60 ; i banne }>e 
birde J)at me bar ant. Arth. vii ; bannede 
(pret.) GEN. & EX.3213; banned Perc. 2123; 
bonnede [bannede] his ferde LA5. 1763 ; bonne- 
den helmes 22288 ; comp. for-, ^e-bannen. 

banne-ncte, sh.,=^ provJE^ng, bannut; wal- 
nut, voc. 181. 

bantely sb., f pillar; bantelea (//.) a. p. i. 
991: bantels i. 1016; bantelles ii. 1459. 

baptesme, baptismey sb., O.Fr. baptesme ; 
baptism, Langl. Bja. 119, Cxiii. 58 ; baptim 
WiCL. Eph. iv. 5 ; baptem A. P. i. 626. 

baptisen, v., Fr, bapdser; baptise; baptize 
Rob. 86 ; baptised (ppie.) Jos. 686. 
baptising^ sb., action of baptism, Rob. 86 ; 
C. M. 171. 

baptdste, sb., Fr. baptiste ; baptist, A. R. 160. 

baptiste, sb., baptism, b. disc 212. 

baptize, baptis, sb., baptism, c. m. 12754; 
baptise b. Disa 1360. 

bar, sb., O.Fr. bar ;= baron, Rob. 544. 

bar, adj., adv. & sb., O.K. baer, = M.Du. baer, 
OJi.G. bar, par, O.N. berr ; bare, naked, un- 
armed, mere, Brd. 24; Iw. 2470; })at heo 
mi3t(e) of J>e hexte men ))at lond make bar 
ROR 125 ; bare [bar] Laj. 3420; bare SPEC. 
50; be bare O. & N. 56 ; bare eor5?e & chos to 
bedae hom. II. 139; beaten hire beare bodi 
Jul. 27 ; for one bare sunne P. L. s. viii. 105 ; 
mid one bare worde O. & N. 547 ; be^ . . . bare 
of euch blisse Kath. 847 ; outtaken bare 



(adv.) two A. P. ii. 1573; on hire bare foten 
Laj. 4997 ; comp. }>r&d-bare. 

bar-£5t, adj., O.E. baerfot,- O.Fris. berfot, 
M.H.G. barvuoz ; barefoot, La^. 8843 ; Hav. 
862 ; Orf. 226 ; M. H. 90 ; barfoot LUD. Cov. 
59 ; barvot A. R. 420. 

bar-hdved, adj., = M.H.G. barhoubet ; bare- 
headed, Man. (F.) 3252 ; barbed S. & C. II. 
xvii ; bareheed WiCL. lev. xiii. 45. 

bar-legged, adj., bare-legged. Will. 2767. 

bare-li» adv., barely, plainly, Gaw. 548 ; 
MiN. iii. 38. 

barenesse, sb., bareness, ' nuditas,^ PR. P. 24. 

bare-viSy adv., with uncovered face ; Man. 
(H.) 122. 
bar, sb., O.E. hzi,=M.L.G. ber, O.H.G. ber, 
per; boar; bar, bor Laj. 7503 (miswritten 
baer i6g7) ; bare Iw. 241 ; Degr. 43 ; av. 
Arth. lii ; bor a. r. 280 ; Hav. 1867 ; Rob. 
132; AYENB. 69; Will. 203; boor Mand. 
238 ; boor, bore Langl. ^xi. 333 ; bore P. s. 
151 ; b&res (gen.) Laj. 30391 ; bores (//.) 
Hav. 2331 ; bores, boores Ch. C. t. A 1658. 

bor-sper, sb., O.E. barspere; boar-spear, 
' vena(bul)um,* prag. 2. 
barain, adj., Q.Fr. baraigne ; barren, a. r. i 58 ; 
baraine Gaw. 1320 ; barein Ch. C. t. A 1977. 
baratour , sb., O.Fr. barateor (swindler) ; quar- 
relsome person, rioter, PR. P. 115 ; champion, 
Perc. 263. 

barbar, sb., Gr. fidpfiapos ; barbarian, WiCL. i 
Cor. xiv. II ; barbre Ch. C. t. ^281 ; bar- 
baris (//.) WiCL. deeds xxviii. i. 

barbe, sb., O.Fr. barbe ; barb (of an arrow) ; 
sort of veil used by women ; p. L. S. xxxi. 350 ; 
Gaw. 1457,2310. 

barberi, sb., O.Fr. berberis ; barberry, PR. P. 
23 ; barbere AV. Arth. vi. 

barbety sb., Fr, barbette ; sort of veil, p. s. 

154. 
barbican, sb., O.Fr. barbacane; barbican, 

outwork to a fortress, * aniemurale,^ PR. P. 23 ; 

Alis. 1591 ; Gaw. 793 ; barbecan Fl. & Bl. 

244. 
barbonr, sb., O.Fr, barbeor; barber, s. S. 

(Web.) 1874; Trev. IV. 285; Ch. C. t. A 

2025. 

barbre» see barbar. 
bare, see bar and barewe. 
bare, sb., O.N. bara, = O.E. baere, M.Du. 

baere, cf. mod.Eng. bore (tidal wave) ; wave, 

M. H. 135 ; Trist. 356 ; cf. bere. 
bare;, see bar;. 

bareinessey sb,, barrenness,WiCL. gen. xxvi. i . 
bareinte, sb.,'barrenness,*sterilitas,* PR. P. 24; 

WiCL. GEN. xxvi. I. 
barel, sb., 0,Fr, bareil ; barrel, ^ cadus^ voc. 

176 ; Ch. C. t. B 3083 ; Man. (F.) 3616 ; 

barail P. L. s. xxiii. 23. 



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44 



barelle-ferrers. 



basme. 



barelle-ferrers, sb. pL, cf, O.Fr. ferriere 
(travelling-bottle) ; vessel for carrying wine 
on journeys : barelle ferrers thei brochede 

D. Arth. 2715 ; barell-ferreris Barb. xv. 39. 
baret, sb., O.Fr. barat ; (iebate, trouble, fraud, 

A. R. 154; Hav. 1932; Gaw. 353; baret & 
strif P. L. S. xxiii. 137 ; in gret baret and bale 
Will. 5517 ; barat ayenb. 39. 

barewe, sb., O.E, (meox-)berewe, }=M,Du, 
berve [cf M,Du, gherve = gherwe) ; from 
Mren ; barrow, handcart, bier : jiej ich 
scholde beo bider ibore in barewe ojjer in bere 
Bek. 899; barowe PR. P. 25 ; Flor. 2031 ; 
bare Greg. 196 ; me leiden hem in bare & 
burden hem ful jare Horn (L.) 891 ; comp, 
hand-, whel-barowe. 

bar^, sb., 0,E, bearg, bearug, bearh, = M,Du. 
bargh, 0,N, borgr, 0,H,G, parch, parh, pare, 

[>aruc, parug ; barrow (castrated pig) : barej 
barehj o. & N. 408 ; baeruh frag. 3 ; baru 

Rob. 207 ; barowes (//.) d. Arth. 191. 
bargaine, sb., 0,Fr, bargaine ; bargain, PR. P. 

24 ; bargain ayenb. 9 ; bargein Gow. II. 223 ; 

bargainee (pL) Ch. C. t. A 282. 
barganer, sb., bargainer: barganers and 

okerars and lufars ofsimonee Townl. 313. 
barganiin, v., 0,Fr, bargaignier; bargain, PR. 

p. 24 ; bargaine WiCL. s. w. II. 213 ; bargeine 

E. w. 472 ; bargane (contend) Barb. ix. 224. 
barge, sb., O.Fr. barge, L.Lat. barca ; barge, 

Will. 2767 ; Ch. C. t. A 410. 
barin, v., O.E. barian, = M.Du. baren, O.H.G. 
(gi)paron, O.N. bera; bare, strip, uncover, PR. 
P. 24 ; his fader he it gan unhillen & baren 
gen. & ex. 1912 ; bared (pple.) A. P. ii. 1149. 
bark, sb., O.N. horkr, = M.Du. barke m. ; bark 
(of a tree), * cortexj' YOC. 229; Mand. 189; 
Iw. 741 ; barke PR. P. 24 ; LANGL._^xi. 251 ; 
barke (dat.) R. R. 7267. 
barkin, v., = Dan. barke, Swed. barka ; bark 
(leather), tan; become covered with a bark; 
^funio, tanno^ PR. P. 25 ; he barked over as 
a turfe C. M. 11824; barkid (pple.) LlDG. 
M. P. 53. 

barkere, ^.,=^Swed. barkare; tanner, PR. 
P. 24 ; barkare voc. 194. 
barlic, sb., cf. bere (O.N. barlak is probably 
from O.E.) ; barley, rel. 1. 215 ; baerlic Sax. 
CHR. 252 : barlich, barli WiCL. ex. ix. 31 ; 
berlei Mand. 272 ; barliche (dat.) Trey. I. 
405. 

barli-bred, sb., barlevbread, voc. 198; 
Langl. a vi. 137 ; barlibreed Ch. C. t. D 144. 

barli-cake, sb., barley-cake, Gow. III. 216. 

barli-com, sb., barley-corn, WiCL. 2 KINGS 
xiv. 30. 

barli3-lftf, sb., barley-loaf, Orm. 155 1 1. 

barll-m61e, sb., barley-meal, PR. p. 25. 

barli-Bole, sb., barley-season, * tempus ordea- 
cium^ PR. p. 25 ; (/; m^te-sele. 



barli-water, sb., barley-water, S. S. (Web.) 

1574. 
barm, see bearm. 
barmeken, bamekinch, sb., « barbican : 

Balaan in \t, barmeken sa bitterli fijtis Alex. 

1301 ; at the bamekinch he abad Degr. 375. 
barn, see beam, 
barondge, sb., O.Fr. baronage, bamage ; 

baronage, HORN (L.) 1282; AYENB. 58; JOS. 

62 ; bamage Fl. & Bl. 639 ; Hav. 2947 ; 

Will. 4797- 
baronesse, sb., O.Fr. baronesse ; baroness^ 

PR. p. 25. 
baronet, sb., inferior baron, ^barunculusi 

voc 262. 
baronie, sb., O.Fr. baronie; barony, Rob. 

349> 479 ; baronies (pi.) ayenb. 38. 
barre, sb., O.Fr. barre; bar, ^vectis' PR. P. 24 ; 

voc. 261 ; Hav. 1794 ; a barre of iron Ch. C. 

T. A 1075 ; barren (pi.) hom. 1. 131 ; barres 

Langl. ^xviii. 319; )»e barres of his belt 

Gaw. 162; ))e barren of J>e burhe Kath. 2349. 
barrere, sb., O.Fr. barriere ; barrier, PR. P. 

24; bardres (pi.) A. p. ii. 1239; barers Fer. 

4668. 
barrin, v., O.Fr. barrer ; bar, close with a bar, 

PR. P. 24 ; barred (pret.) Will. 2046 ; barrid 

(pple.) Triam. 1 188. 
Barrooschire, pr. n., O.F^. Bearrucscire ; 

Berkshire, p. L. s. xiii. 48. 
bars, sb., O.E. bears, hztrs, ^M.Du., O.Fr, 

bars ; bcus (fish) ; base B. B. 167 ; bace PR. P. 

20. 
bartrin, v., O.Fr. bareter ; barter, PR. P. 25. 
baru, see bar;, 
barun, sb., O.Fr. bar ckc. baron ; baron, HOM. 

II. 35; Hav. 31 ; p. l. s. ii. 108; barunes 

(gen.) Laj. 5319 ; barouns (//.) ayenb. 38. 

bas, adj., O.Fr. bas, from late Lat. bassus ; 

base, low, Gow. I. 98 ; bas (low) voice Mer. 

572. 

baschen, see baissen. 
base, sb., Fr. base, Lat. basis ; base ; bas Ch. 

ASTR. ii. 41 (52) ; basse A. P. i. 999 ; bases 

(//.) ii. 1278. 
baselard, sb., a sort of dagger, ^pugio^ PR. 

p. 25 ; * sicai VOC. 263 ; basiarde Langl. B iii. 

303 f MiRC 48. 

baser, baser, sb., executioner, n. E. d. 
basilisk, sb., Gr. Paa-CklaKos ; basilisk, PS. xc- 

13 ; basillook Ch. C. t. 7853. 
basin, see baoin. bask, see baisk. 
basken, v., / OJV. ba¥ask ; bask : he ba8ke]> 

him about J>er inne Gow. I. 290. 
basket, sb., basket, 'corbis,* pr. p. 26 ; c. M. 

4489 ; bascates (//.) leb. Jes. 21 ; basketes 

Ch. C. t. C445. 
basme, sb., O.Fr. basme, Lat. balsamum ; 

balm, H. M. 13; balsme Gow. III. 315; 



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basmeii. 



baud. 



45 



bame A. R. 164; baume Trev. L 107; 

Mand. 50. 
basmen, v., embalm \ balmin, baumin ^bal- 

samo^ PR. P. 27; bame P. R. L. p. 216; 

balmbe Chest. 1. 165 ; baumed {pple,) Aus. 

4670; bawmede (smeared) WiCL. John 

ix.6. 
bass, sb., Lai. basium ; kiss^ CT. love 797. 
baat, sb., O^. baest,= C^JVl, MX.G,, 0,H,G, 

bast m. n, ; bast : take a stalwor))e baste and 

binde mi handes bihind me faste Haluw. 

148 ; bare as a bast D. Troy 4773. 
baste-trgy sb., lime-tree, ^tilia^ voc. 192. 
bast, sb., OJ^r, bast (bat) ; bastardy : an sone 

. . . )>af was a bast ibore Rob. 425 ; he was 

bigeten o bast Ar. & Mer. 7644. 
bastardy sb., OJ^r, bastard ; bastard, CHR. £. 

890; L. H. R. 50*; Trev. I. 251. 
bastile» sb., Fr, bastille ; tower of a castle, PR. 

p. 26. 
bastm, v., O JV. basta, - 0,H,G, htsXexi^/rom 

bast; baste, ^ subsuo,* PR. P. 26; basting 

(pple,) R. R. 104. 
bastoziy sb., OJFr, baston, bastun; stave, 

stanza, REL. II. 175 ; bastoun, bastun c. M. 

14923- 
bat, sb., }^Ger. batze m. (massa); clod\ a 

batof er))e Langl. Cxix. 92. 
bat, sb.,}&r debat ; bate, lud. Cov^. 12 ; bate 

C M. 9684. 
b&t, sb., 0£. bat, cf, OJV. batr ; boat, Jul. 60 ; 

|»ene bat [bot] Laj. 23865 ; bot Trist. 354 ; 

S. S. (Wr.) 3146 ; boot WiCL. JOS. vi. 22 ; 

b&te (dot,) Degr. 919; bote Aus. 3497; 

botes (pL) Man. (H.) 241 ; bftten {dat. pL) 

LA5. 14746. 

bote-swain, sb., boatswain, ST. R. 21. 
[bat, sb., comp, grist-b&t.] 
bataile, sb., O.Fr, bataille ; battle, o. & N. 

1 197 ; AVENB. 83 ; S. S. (Web.) 201 1 ; bataile, 

bataille Ch. C. t. ^879; bataille Horn 

(L.) 574 ; Shor. 109 ; batel C. M. 3463. 
Imtailedt adj., 0,Fr. bataillie ; battlemented, 

C. M. 9902 ; baitailed A. P. ii. 1 183. 
batailen, v., 0,Fr, batailler ; engage in battle, 
fight, Ch. Boet. i. 4(18). 
batailous, adj., baitaillous, Gow. III. 118. 
[batailotir], batelur, sb., O.Fr, bataileor; 

warrior, Alis. 1 433. 
batails, sb. pi., f battels, apol. 76. 
batelment^ sb., battlement, A. P. ii. 1459. 
[batien, v., comp, grist-bfttien.] 
batildore, sb., fO,Fr. batadoir, mod,Eng, 

battledore; mallet, woe, 2(y() ; batildoure PR. 

p. 27. 
b&tiii, y,,/or abdten ; bate, PR. P. 26 ; batede 

(pret.) A. P. ii. 440- 
b&tin, y^i/or deb&ten ; PR. P. 26. 
batren, v., batter-, batride, batred {pret,) 



Langl. AWl 192*; ibatrld {pple.) Fer. 

896. 
batte, sb., Fr, batte ; bat, cudgel, ^fustis^ voc. 

263 ; PR. p. 26 ; botte [dat,) a. R. 366 ; battes 

(//.) Trev. I. 381 ; Alis. 78; battis Wicl. 

Mat. xxvi. 47; botten [battes] LA3. 21593; 

bottes MISC. 43. 
battin, v., becU with clubs, ^fustigoj PR. p. 

26 ; battede (pret,) Langl. A iii. 192. 

bature, sb., batter, ' batura; cath. 24 ; batcre 

L. c C. 38. 
ba», sb., 0,E. h2^,'-0,N. ba¥, 0,L.G. bath, 

0,Fris, beth, 0,H,G, bad, pad ; bath, HOM. 

II. 226 ; R. S. V ; bab)> Orm. 18044 ; be^ A. R. 

394 ; )>et softeste be% hom. 1. 35 ; be)» ayenb. 

74 ; batJe idat:) Laj. 2852 ; be^ hom. I. 

23 ; betSes {pL) a. r. 396. 

b&t5e,adj. & prn., 0,N, ba«ir,=aZ.(7. bethia, 
0,Fris, bede, 0,H,G. beide; both. Sax. 
CHR. 253; Kath. 1622; hio . . . ba¥e 
(earlier text bu tu) for^ eoden Lk. i. 7; 
bis meiden was ba¥e faderles & moderles 
Kath. 77*, ba)>e Isum. 400; for to deme 
babe )« gode & J)e uvele HOM. I. 143; 
bape waeren aide Orm. 250; Crist is ba)>e 
god & man 1360; ba¥e, bo¥e [boJ»e] LA3. 
17014, 27305 ; bajJe, boJ)e, be))e Hav. 1680, 
2543, 2816 ; boJ>e C. L. 497 ; bofe we habbe)) 
steifne brihte O. & N. 1681 ; bo|)e heo were 
noble men Rob. 48 ; bat ... is bojie meke 
& milde 57; }>e ojiere DoJ>e were him agein 
Man. (F.) 610; bo))e two Map 336; Ch. 
C. T. ^ 1716; bobe two his hondes Jos. 697 ; 
boJ>e tvo Fl. & BL. 525 ; hi deie)> bo)>e tvo 
treat. 139 ; bo¥e, beo^e A. R. 10, 162 ; bo}>e, 
bej?e Langl. Cxiii. 73; be})e Alis. 4847; 
b&tSre (gen,) Kath. 1790; furh bejre babre 
bisne Orm. 2794 ; bober Langl. -^ ii. 66 ; 1 w. . 
3556; b&Sen (dat,) Marh. 21 ; boJ)en Hav. 
471 ; PL. CR. 224 ; ba^ Kath. 1791 ; ba))e 
Orm. 7636 ; bo|)e Shor. 57 ; mid bo^ hon- 
den A. R. 338. 

BaSen [Ba)>e], pr. n., 0,E, Ba^an ; Bath, LA5. 
21026 ; Ba))e misc. 145 ; Ch. C. t. A 445. 

bdtSie, sb., fone that bathes, A. R. 214. 

bdtSien, v., 0,E, banian, = (9 JV; ba^a, O.H.G. 

badon ; bathe, La^. 6657 ; baj^ien P. L. s. viii. 

124 ; R. s. V (misc. 180) ; baj)ie LEG. 164 ; 

baj^i Rob. 146; ba)>en Mand. 88; b4}>e)> 

(pres,) AVENB. 167 ; (heo) ba^ie^ Laj. 17189 ; 

he . . . ofte hine Jber inne b&Sede (pret.) Laj. 

17028 ; babede will. 98 ; and ba})ede (h)js 

swerd in hure blod(e) Fer. 3100; b&thed 

(pple.) Ch. C. t. A 3. 
b^thingd, sb., bathing, PR. P. 26. 
bau, int., cf, Ger. ba ; bah, Langl. ^xi. 135. 
baubelet, sb., O.Fr. baubelet; bauble ; beau- 

belea (pi.) A. R. 388*. 
band, adj., O.Fr. baud (hardi, gai) ; joyous^ 

boastful, R. R. 5674; of wordes ne was swij)e 

baud Horn (H.) 96. 



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46 



baude. 



b^ard. 



baude, sb., bawd^ * leno,^ PR. P. 27 ; Langl. 
A iii. 124 ; Ch. C. t. D 1354. 

bandekiB, sb., O.Fr. baudekin ; a precious 
silk stuffs PR. P. 27 ; Alis. 759. 

bauderie, sh.,gaietyf mirth^ Ch. C. t. D 1305. 

bauderik, sh,i=M,H,G, balderich ; haldrick, 
Gaw. 2486; baudrik Ch. C. t. Aii6\ 
baudri Aus. 4698 ; bauderikis (//.) LiDG. 
M. P. 8. 

baudi» adj., dirty ^ Langl. Bw, 197; baudi 
and totore Ch. C. t. 6^635. 

baudfltrot, sb., O.Fr, baudetrot ; bcnvd, voc 
217 ; Langl. A iii. 42*. 

baume» baumeiiy see basme, -en. 

banson, sb., badger, PR. p. 27 ; bausin * castor ' 
voc. 177; bausons (//.) Trev. L 327; 
baucines Will. 2299. 

baxtere, see bakestre. 

be, see bL 

beaone, see bekne. 

beah, sb., 0,E, beag, beah, = (9./f.(J. pouc, 
boug, 0,N, baugr; Jrom btl^en; ring, collar, 
bracelet, * (ar)milla,^ frag. 2; beej * torquem ' 
WiCL. GEN. xli. 42 ; enne beh Laj. 24520 ; 
bei^e Trist. 265; begh rel. L 160; bei 
Haluw. 171 ; ?beey (printed beeth) Shor. 
109 ; beie, bi^e {dcU.) L. H. R. 28, 29 ; bd^es, 
behjes [be^esj {pL) Laj. 7425, 21640; beges 
land ringes gen. & ex. 1390 ; beies hom. L 
193 ; beren be^es [beijes, bijes] ful brhte 
abouten here nekkes Langl. B prol. ioi ; 
comp, sweor-beah. 

beaiell, sb., 0,Fr. besaiel ; great-grandfather, 
D. Troy 13474. 

beald, bAld, adj., O.E. beald, bald,«aZ.a 
bald, 0,H.G. paid, Goth, ♦bal))s, OJV: ballr; 
bold\ bald hom. L 257 ; Orm. 2185 ; Trist. 
997 ; Shor. 123 ; Iw. 1402 ; bald [bold] La^. 
6342; bald, bold AYEN6. 100, 105, 158; 
bold o. & N. 405 ; AN. UT. 3 ; Tor. i ; be 
thou bold it shal be bought M. Arth. 3483 ; 
beld S. S. (Web.) 2042 ; B. Disc. 2123 ; b&lde 
\dat, m,) Laj. 9613; bdldere {gen, dat, f^ 
Laj. 10387, 16045 ; b^dne (ace, m,) 6594 ; 
bealde (pi.) Shor. 100; alle his bigginges 
bolde ISUM. 78 ; beldc HoRN (L.) 602 ; Alis. 
5004; furh belde worde O. & N. 171 5; 
b&ldere (gen, pi,) La^. 17256; b&Lden 
(dot, pi) 25163; b&ldore (compar,) RoB. 
509 ; SPEC. 27 ; baldore, boldere Langl. 
^ IV. 94; boldest (superl,) LA3. 26178; comp, 
un-bdld. 

b^de, adv., M,H,G, baJdc ; boldly, quickly, 
M. H. 23, 121. 

b61d-h§dey sb., boldness, o. & N. 514 ; Man. 
(F.) 13465. 

b&Lde-liohe, adv., 0£, bealdlTce; boldly, 
LA5. 24673; Kath. 719; A. R. 62; balde-, 
boldeliche O. & N. 401, 1707; boldliche 
AYENB. 63 ; bdldelike (adv) Hav. 53 ; lok 



hou it is and tel me boldeli (f quickly) Ch. C. 
T. A 3433 ; bdldeliker (compar,) P. L. S. xi. 
69. 

bdldness, sb., boldness, impudence, con- 
fidence, D. Troy 226; Langl. -^xviii. 386; 
Man. (H.) 40. 

b&ld-sipe, sb., boldness, LA5. 24943*. 
bealden,bdlden,v., 0,E,ht9X6\2Ji,c/,0,H,G, 
balden, Goth, bal]>jan ; embolden : to balden 
[boldi] (encourage) J>ine leode Laj. 4385 ; )« 
brandes to balde Perc. 792 ; be wenche bigan 
to bolde s. S. (Wr.) 1679 ; "is harte began 
to bolde OCTAV. (H.) 975; b&Ldede (pret,) 
HOM. L 273; LA5. 16327*; boldede hire hertes 
Langl. (Wr.) 1756 ; comp, un-bdldeo. 
bealte, sb., 0,Fr, health, beaut^; beauty, SPEC. 
53 ; beaute Will. 4534 ; beaute, beute Ch. 

C. T. A 2385. 

beam, sb., 0,E, beam,* OJ^m. bam, 0,L,G. 
bom, 0,H,G, baum, paum, bourn, poum, 
Goth, bagms, OJ^, ba%mr; beam, Hrabs^ 
FRAG. 4; al swa great swa a beam La^. 
2848 ; beem * trahs, liciatorium, radius * PR. 
P. 30; Langl. B\, 264; Man. (H.) 103; 
w. & I. 39 ; bem JUL^ 46 ; A. P. ii. 603 ; 
bemes (//.) Alis. 7664; Mand. 131; Ch. 

D. Bl. 337 ; grete bemes of lijt Trev. I. 
235 ; })e leome j>a strehte west riht a seoven 
bdmen wes idiht La^. 17887 ; comp, glSo-, 
m5r-, sunne-, web-b§ani. 

[beami], bemi, adj., radianty Trev. Barth. 

(n. E. d.). 
beamien, v., 0.E, beamian; beam^ shine % 

heme * radio * PR. P. 30 ; beeming Kath. 46. 

beane, sb., 0,E, bean, -» 6>.iV. baun, 0,H,G. 
bona; bean ; beene voc 177 ; bene PR. P. 30 ; 
Langl. -5 iii. 141*; Wicl. Ez. iv. 9 ; al nas 
wurj) a bene Rob. 497; nou^t a bene worJ> 
Will. 4754; )>is Absolon ne roghte nat a 
bene of al his pleie Ch. C. t. A 3772 ; bSne 
(dat,) Mand. 158 ; }« worj) of a bene P. 47 ; 
b§ana, beane, beanen (pi,) leechd. IIL 
86, 108 ; bene Rich. 6004 ; benes Hav. 769 ; 
bene strau Ch. C. t. E 1422 ; bdnen (dat. 
pi,) PL. CR. 762. 
ben-oodde, sb., bean-pod, voa 233 ; bean* 
ooddan (dat, pi,) Lk. xv. 16. 

beanen, adj., 0,E, beanen ; made of beans : 
bene bred voc 198 ; WiCL. E. w. 61. 

b^ard, sb., 0,E, beard, « 0,Fris, herd, MX>u, 
baerd, 0,H,G, bart, part; beard, HOM. L 279 ; 
baerd [beord] Laj. 10753 ; herd Marh. 9 ; 
Alis. 1597 ; Gow. IL 367 ; Ch. C. t. A^yi ; 
Degr. 819; berd, beerd WiCL. 2 KINGS 
xix. 24 ; beerd * barba ' PR. P. 31 ; bi ni^inges 
beard(e) [beorde] La^. 1672 ; uppe ni¥inges 
baerde 10703 ; btoles (//.) Gow. L iii. 
b^rd-heer, sb., beard-hair, Trev. IIL 
325. 

b^rd-lSs, adj., 0,E, beardleas; beardless, 
Gow. IL-369; dep. R. iii. 235. 



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bearded. 



bed. 



47 



bearded, adj., bearded) hex6\^^barbaius* 
PR. P. 32 ; beerdid WiCL. E. w. 308. 
bearm, sb., O.E. bearm, - O.L.G,, O.H.G, 
barm, OJV, barmr, Goth, barms ; Jrom beren ; 
bosoffty lap : in his baenn (sec, text lappe) he 
hit laeide rel. I. 141 ; La^. 30261 ; barm 
^gremium ' PR. P. 25 ; Alis. 4203 ; barme 
(dot,) Horn (L.) 706 ; b. disc. 577 ; Ch. C. 
T. -5 3256 ; A. P. iii. 510 ; slepe^ i ¥e deofles 
berme A. R. 212 ; barmes {pL) Mark. 22. 

bann-ol5}>9 sb., apron, Ch. C. t. A 3236. 

barm-fbl, sb., aproUy rel. I. 240. 

barm-hatres, sb. pL, aprons , rel. II. 176. 

barm-skiny sb., leather apron, ^ meloiesj 
PR. p. 25. 

beam, sb., O.E. beam, « O.Fris. bern, OX,G,, 
0,H,G.i 0,N,, Goth, barn, Scotch bairn ; Jrom 
beren ; child, A. R. 38 ; H. M. 35 ; )>et beam 
frag. 5 ; ))at beam, baem, bem LA5. 91, 298, 
5024 ; bam, baem Mat. xxii. 24 ; bam Will. 
9 ; Langl. -4 ii. 3 ; MiRC 1688 ; Man. (H.) 
310; ANT. Arth. xviii; bem HOM. II. 21; 
Marh. 10 ; MISC. 128 ; Hav. 571 ; spec. 81 ; 
p. L.s.xxiii. 32 ; Am. & Amil. 164; beames 
igen,) FRAG. 5 ; bames Orm. 8044 ; beame 
{dot.) Mat. xxii. 25 ; beam (//.) *sobole{s vel) 
Uberi^ FRAG. 2; LA5. 5104; beam, bem 
HOM. I. 99, 225 ; baem, bames Orm. 6808, 
8040; beames A. R. 272; beame {gen, pi,) 
Mat. XX. 20 ; frag. 8 ; heme spec 58 ; 
beaman, beamen, bemen, beame (dat.pl,) 
Mat. vii. 11, 17, 25 ; Mk. iii. 28; Lk. i. 17; 
beamen hom. I. 241 ; bemen La^. 8061 ; 
camp, helle-y Idne-, rndder-, stdop-beam 
(-bem). 

bam-ftge, sb., childhood, A. P. ii. 517. 

bam-hede, sb., infancy, c. M. 166 ; PR. c 
8252. 

baBrn-lda, adj., childless, La^. 8990 ; bamles 
C. M. 7086. 

bam-tdam, sb., 0,E, beamteam ; brood of 
children, H. M. 31 ; berateam GEN. & EX. 
3748 ; bamtem C. M. 17792. 
becwty see best. be-, see bi-. 
beaten, v„ 0,E, beatan, = C>.iV. bauta (pple, 
bautinn), M,H,G. bozen ; beat, strike, correct, 
a. R.^184; Kath. 1 1 83; mid festen hine 
beaten Mk. xiv. 65 ; beate and wesse ayenb. 
236 ; beten Misa 45 ; beten and bouken 
Langl. B xiv. 19 ; bete Bek. 758 ; Man. 
(H.) 328 ; hire sire and hire dame J)rete)> 
hire to bete R. s. vii ; biatetS (pres,) H. M. 
31; beate^, bet A. R. 184, 186; ha beat 
and smit ayenb. 30 ; biat icx> ; hit bet Brd. 
26 ; (heo) betej> MiSC. 83 ; bei . . . beten J>e 
streds they lounge about WiCL, E. w. 152 ; 
bet (imper,) a. d. 289 ; betende (pple,) GEN. 
& EX. 2713; bSot (pret,) A. R. 364; Brd. 
24; beot, bet, bette Langl. -5 x. 176 (Cxii. 
124); biet HOM. II. 169; beet, but Trev. 
Vlll. 229; bet GEN. & EX. 3958; Tor. 



1365 ; bet a doun burwes Will. 1073 ; beet 
Mand. 83 ; Launf. 751 ; beet, bette WiCL. 
NUM. xxii. 23 ; beoten HOM. I. 121 ; Jul. 
26; Alis. 7565; beoten, bieton Mk. xiv. 
65 ; Lk. XX. II ; beten Hay. 1876; Mand. 
46 ; J>e wawes beote him Brd. 24 ; biele 
AYENB. 156; becte Ch. C. t. A 4308; bute 
Fer. 2907 ; bai bette M. H. 72 ; b§ote (subj,) 
A. R. 364 ; Bek. 759 ; bSten (pple,) Orm. 
8168 ; beten Gow. III. 247; beten wi)» rede 
golde Bey. 1159; beten wib besantus ant. 
Arth. xxix ; a grip of golde richeli beton 
on })e molde Egl. 1031 ; bete spec 97 ; beete 
H. Y. y6; bet Hay. 1916 ; bett Townl. 227 ; 
comp, a-, 5e-, to-bdaten ; deriv, b§teL 
[beatere, sb., 0,E, beatere ; beater; comp, 
market-bdtere.] 

bSatunge, sb., beating, A. R. 326 ; beatinge 
Kath. 1616. 

beaute, see bealtd. 

bee, sb., 0,Fr, bee; becdi, rel. I. 210; bek 
Mand. 48 ; beke (dot,) a. p. ii. 487 ; bekes 
(pL) Ch. l. g. w. 148. 

beche, sb., 0,E, bece, boecae (Epin.), 
M,L,G, bokc, 0,H,G, buocha, Lat, fagus, 
Gr, (I>riy6s (oak) f, ; beech, ^ fagus, ^ YOC. 181 ; 
PR. P. 27 ; bdches (pi,) ayenb. 23 ; Aus. 
5242 ; Langl. ^ v. 18 ; see boo. 

beehen, adj., 0,E, becen ; made of beech, Ch. 
C. T. (^ 1 196 ; in jone beohene wode D. Arth. 

bdenien, see bdknien. 
bed, sb., 0,E. bed n,; prayer; bede (//.) 
Mk. ix. 29 (earlier text gebedu) ; comp, 
^e-bed. 

bed-hfiB, sb., 0,E, bedhus ; house of prayer. 
Mat. xxi. 13. 

bed-rep, sb., 0,E, bedrTp ; reaping on re- 
quest ; bedripes (ms, bederpes) (//.) E. w. 
27. 

bed, sb., 0,E, bedd,= az.a, 0,Fris, bed, 
Goth,hsLdi, 0,H,G, beti, peti; bed, LA5. 19037; 
Mand. 88 ; J)et bed ayenb. 31 ; bedd Orm. 
4418 ; at mi beddis (gen,) side Ch. p. f. 98 ; 
bedde (dat^ o, & N. 967 ; Ch. C. t. A 3269 ; 
bonne men ga^ to bedde Laj. 711 ; he li^ i 
bedde 315QI ; beddee (pi.) Brd. 6; comp, 
child-, feoer-, gras-bed. 

bed-bere, sb., /Z.(J.bedbure; toral, E.w.41. 

bed-ohambre, sb., bedchamber, Trey. II. 
201 ; Langl. B v. 222. 

bed-oldth, sb., bedcloth, PR. p. 27. 

bed-^re, bed-ifere, sb., bedfellow, Gow. II. 
229; bediver (printed hcdyuGr) spec 491. 

bed-lawlr, adj., bedrid, PR. p. 28. 

bed-lawir, sb., * clinicus,* PR. P. 28. 

bed-rea^ sb., 0,E, bedreaf; bedclothes, 
FRAG. 4. 

bed-rede, adj. & sb., 0,E, bedrida, -reda, 
-ryda,^.i*f.Z.c;.bedderede; bedrid,Ulinicusi 



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48 



bed. 



beggin. 



voc 267 ; P. L. s. XXX. 57 ; Ch. C. t. D 1769 ; 

Man. (F.) 8964; bedreden (//.) Langl. 

A vii. 131. 
bed-Btede, sb., « M,Du, bedstede ; bedstead^ 

PR. P. 28. 
bed-8tr&u, sb., bedstraw^ FRAG. 7 ; bedstre 

WiCL. PS. vi. 7. 

bed-mister, sh.^husband's concubine^ ROB. 27. 
bed-time» sb., bedtime^ o. & N. 324. 
bedde, sb.,-a^w. bedda, M.H.G, bette; 

?»3el>edde; O. & N. 1500*. 
beddien, v., O.E, beddian, - 0./f.6^. betton; 

put to bed, Laj. 6658 ; bedden H. M. 43 ; 

Orm. 2712 ; Hav. 1235 ; Langl. B ii. 97 ; 

ne muhen ha . . . bedden in a breoste H. M. 

43 ; bedded {pple,) Hav. 2771 ; bedde, 

i-bedde (/) O. & N. 968. 
bedding, sb., O.E. h^Admg,^ M.H.G. bet- 

tunge; bedding,^ siramentum^ frag. 4; bed- 

dinge Ch. C. T. A 1616. 
b6de, sb.,=O.Z.(;. beda, O./^rw.bede, O.H.G. 

beta,bita, G^^M.bida/, mod.Eng, bead; Jrom 

bidden; prayer, ^ oraiio^ PR. P. 28 ; HOM. II. 

135; Laj. 25514; Orm. 1156; gen. & ex. 

1375; Hav. 1385; Gow. II. 372; Am. & 

Amil. 2351; f(e)os b(e)ode hom. I. 65; 

b6den (//.) P. L. s. xvii. 56 ; nu we & heore 

beden fbedes] singed Laj. 19688; beoden 

bidde^ Laj. 19722 ; beoden HOM. I.49 ; a. r. 

140 ; Mark. 8 ; bede misc. 56 ; bedes Orm. 

1748 ; AYENB. 141 ; Will. 3024 ; if i bidde 

ani bedes Langl. B v. 407 ; bedis beads 

PL. CR. 323 ; a peire of bedes Langl. B xw, 

119; Ch. C. t. -4 159; b^den (dat, pi.) 

CHR. £. 494. 
b6de-hu8, sh.f= O.I/.G. betehus; house of 

prayer, misc. 39. 
b6de-man, sh.,^M.H.G. beteman ; beads- 

man, Al. (L.) 658; bedeman, beodemon 

A iii. Langl. 46 ; beodemon A. R. 356. 
b6de-Bang, sb., Orm. 6746. 
b6de-woman, sb., *oratrix,* PR. p. 28. 
Bedefordy pr. n., O.E. Bedanford ; Bedford, 

Rob. 4. 

bedely see budel. 
b^den* v., OX,G, bedon, O.H,G, beton ; pray. 

na man nalde sel bede beoden for heore saule 

Laj. 25514; bede OCTAV. (H.) 910; ic . . . 

bidde juw & bede Orm. 18337 ; bedes Hav. 

2392 ; he . . . beod & bid o & N. 1437 ; biet 

& bit HOM. I. 167 ; b6de (subj.) Langl. A 

viii. 102 ; his bedes b6dand {pple.) night and 

dei Halliw. 156. 
beden, see beoden. 
bee, see beo. beel, see bSle. 
been, see been, bef, see boe£ beffen, see 

baffen. be;, see beah. 
belt, see baffin. 
[be^e, l^M.H.G. (ge)bouge {pliant) comp. 

leoSeb5ie.] 



be^en, adj., O.E. begen, cf Goth, bai, 
Lat. ambo, Gr. Sfi<p<o ; both ; bei^en, beien, 
beine [beje] Laj. 2531, 2543, 32137; Ja 
kinges beie tweien {/tat. ambedue) 30038; 
beien Sax. chr. 265; bege Mat. xv. 14; 
beie Bev. 1212 ; S. B. w. 174; J)at . . . jonge 
were beie (ms. beye) ROB. 47 ; beie J>e kinges 
p. L. S. xi. 44 ; baie Ar. & Mer. 1528 ; of 
hembejen (for ba.in) Orm. 15091 ; b& [O.E. 
ba, cf Lat. ambae /, O.E. ba, bu, Goth, ba, 
Lat. ambo «.] Orm. 373 ; ba tunge & tale 
Kath. 636 ; his blod ^ his brain ba weoren 
todascte La;. 1469 ; mid childe heo weren ba 
twa (cf. Ital. ambedue) 2399 ; boa 281 ; ba 
twa Mk. ii. 22 (earlier text h\x tu) ; ba twa his 
honden Jul. 48 ; ba bi dei & bi niht HOM. I. 
247; bo Fl. & Bl. 547 ; p. s. 157; Alis. 
6763 ; S. S. (Web.) 304 ; bo J>in(e) eje O. & N. 
990; )>at godes hii were bo ROB. 229; his 
feder & his moderbo Al. (T.) 235 ; bo to Jos. 
300; bo, boa A. R. 60, 212; boo MiRC 3; 
beire (gen.) hom. I. 99 ; Kath. 1790* ; o. & 
N. 1584 ; Fl. & Bl. 534 ; Rob. 197 ; Bek. 128 ; 
Langl. BW. 66 ; for heore beire nome Laj. 
5283; b& (dat.) LA5. 9804; bo MiRC 1360; 
of hem bo c. L. 1454 ; m bo two his honden 
A. R. 396. 

be^en, bihen, v.,0.-£'. began, bygan, — OJ^ris. 
beja, O.iVTbeygja, M.H.G. b5ugen ; from bCi- 
aen; incline, bend\ beien Jul. 27 ; he mot nede 
oeien La). 105 1 ; whan i ne mai his hurte so 
buye Bek. 1529 ; une}>e he mi^te bye his rug 
p. L. s. xvii. 167 ; mine kneon ich beie hom. 
I. 191 ; beie% A. R. 266 ; he beie% a dun to- 
ward jie his deorewur^ heaved HOM. I. 203 ; 
ant bu^e]i me to grounde REL. I. 122 ; b§i 
(imper.) Laj. 5068; Marh. 20; beih J>e to 
me HOM. I. 211 ; beie (subj.) spec. 81 ; )»at 
hit ne breke ne beie H. M. 15 ; bdide (pret.) 

1UL. 77 \ and beide (drew) heom to somne 
.A5. 29089 ; be hwil(e) J>at ha buhde hire 
Kath. 2400 ; byde p. l. s. xvii. 168 ; & hire 
cneow beigden Mk. xv. 19 ; beighed Alis. 
4373; Scottes & Bruttes beiden (sec. text 
dro^en) to gaderes LA5. 5178; btihed (pple.) 
HOM. I. 277; comp. a-, 3e-b^en; deriv. 
bei-sum. 

be^nd-lioh, adj., OJEl. (ge)begendllc ; hum- 
ble : mid beienliche worden LA3. 4930. 
beggen, see buggen. 

beggin, v., beg, 'mendico; PR. p. 28 ; beggen 
A. R. 356; begge Langl. ^vi. 195 ; Wicl. 
E. w. 352; Ch. C. t. -^44525; IsuM. 150; 
beggide (pret.) WiCL. John ix. 8. 

beggere, sb., bej^rar, Horn (R.) 1133 ; Ch. 
C. t. a 242 ; hit is beggares rihte vor te bercn 
bagge on bac A. R. 168 ; beggeres (pi.) 
AYENB. 36 ; Langl. A prol. 40. 

beggerie, sb., beggary, Langl. ^vii. 88; 
Wicl. prov. xxiv. 34. 

beggestere, sb., beggar, Ch. C. t. A 242. 

begge]? [begged], sb., begging, mendicancy^ 



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beggin. 



belle. 



49 



Langl. Cix. 138; goon a begged (v,r. bigged, 

bcggere, begger) Ch. C. t. Z' 1580. 

besgUd, begenild, sb., one given to beg- 
ging \ be^Silde (^»f.) A.R. 168' ; begencldcs 

Langl. Cxi. 263. 
begginge, sb., beggings * mendicatio* PR. P. 

28 ; gob on begginge Mand. 207 ; begging 

WiCL. E. w. 353 ; bigging S. w. 128. 
be^sCy see baisk. beh, see bdah. 
behave, -havingey see bihabben. 
bei, see beah. beien, see bd3en. 
beiken, see beken. 
beil, sb^ cf. Swed. bdgel, bygel, Ger. biigel ; 

fhandley w. & I. 23. 
bein, see bain, beiten, see baiten. 
bei-smn, adj.(fromb55en,v.), ? = Ger, beugsam ; 

obedient ; buhsume & beisume Kath. 1805. 
bek, sb., rO,E, bee (da/, baece), 0,N. bekkr 

m.f=Af.I.,G. beke, O.H,G, pah, pach, bach 

iw/.; becky brooky ^ rivulus^ VOC. 239; PR. 

P. 29; L. H. R. 82. 
bek, sb., ?=bekne; beck^ sign^ nod^ PR. P. 29 ; 

WicL. Job xxvi. 1 1 ; l>ekkes (pL) Trev.VIII. 

221. 

bek, see beo. 
beken, v., Fr, becquer, =//«/. bcccare ; peck\ 

bekeV i^pres,) A. R. 84 ; bekede {pret) 102 ; 

? hiked Alis. 2337. 
beken, v., ffrom bfiwen; steeps soak^ warm : 

to beike his boones Flor. 99; a softe be- 

kinde {pres, fple,) ba% HOM. I. 260; and 

ligges bekeana in his bed Iw. 1459 ; bekand 

Barb. xix. 552 ; i b&ed {pret,) me test. 

Cres. 36. 
bekken, v., ?=bdknien; beck^ nod; bekke 

ipres.) Ch. C. t. C396 ; beckes PS. xxxiv. 19 ; 

bekkis (//.) Townl. 319 (MIR. PL. 193); 

bekked (pre/.) Ch. Tro. ii. 1260. 

bekne, beekne, sb., O.E. beacen, becn,=0. 
Fris. baken-, beken, O.L.G. bocan, O.H.G. 
pauchan n.; beacon^ ^pharus^ PR. P. 29 ; bekne, 
Dekene Langl. B xvii. 262, Cxx. 228; comp. 
Ibre-beaone. 

beknien, v., O.E. beacnian, becnan, 0,L.G, 

bocnian, OJf.G. pauhnen; beckon; )>e unc 

becnien scu(len) ... to drihtenes dome frag. 

7; baecnien LA5. 21938; becnen Orm. 223; 

heknin. bekin * annuo, nu/o* PR. p. 29; 

bOcneD (ms. bekned) (pres.) REL. I. 215.; 

bdcumiende (pp/e.) Wnnuens* Lk. i. 22 ; bi- 

kenide, bikenede (pre/.) WiCL, deeds xxi. 

40; hio becneden {^annuerun/*) heore ge- 

fcrcn Lk. v. 7. 
b§kninge, sb., O.E. b^acming, becnung; 

beckoning, * nu/uSj* PR. P. 29 ; bikening WiCL. 

GEN. xlii. 6 ; becnunge frag. 7. 
bel, ben, adj., O.Fr. bel ; /air, beautiful; bel 

ost Guy 68 ; a bele babees B. B. 3. ; beau A. 

?. L 197 ; beaus amis GVY 4. 



bel-ami, sb., Fr. bel ami ; fair Jriend, A. R. 
306. 

bel-dame, sb., grandmother, PR. p. 29. 
bel-fiEkther, sb., grandfather, PR. P. 30. 
bel-liohe, adv., beautifully, PL. CR. 344. 
beu-pere, sb., good father; beau pere, hi 
seide to the pope Bek. 1299 ; boke hi3te )>at 
beupere Langl. B xviii. 229. 
beau-Bire, sb., fair sir, BEK. 768 ; beusher 
D. Troy 1863 ; bewsher Townl. 66. 

beld, see beald. 

b61de, sb., O.E. baeldo, byldo,= O.H.G. paldi, 
baldi, Goth. ba]}>ei; jfrom beald; fortitude, 
courage, comfort, P. L. s. xxx. 104; Flor. 762 ; 
GA.W.650; M.H. 37 ; PERa 1412; bi a childe of 
litil belde overcomen i am in min elde c M. 
12237. 

b^den, v., O.E. baeldan, byldan, - OX.G. 
beldian ; comfort, encourage ; to belden & to 
forfren Orm. 662 ; to beolden (invigorate) it 
&strengen26i4; bealden Kath. 1622 ; belde 
LAI LE FR. 231 ; as he bigon to belde (grow 
bold) Al. (V.) 49 ; Iw. 1220; bdldeet (pres.) 
C L. 348 ; (he) belde^ [bealde^ A. R. 162 ; 
bilde (imper.) Egl. 3 ; bflde (pret.) Jul. 8 ; 
belden LA5. 8636 ; b^ded (pple.) Orm. 2746 ; 
comp. a-, iui-b61den. 

belden, j^^biUden. 

bele, see biile. 

beleevable, see under bileren. 

belefy in phr. O.Fr. k belif, beslif ; from med. 
Zo/. bis-llquus ; obliquely; a belef Gaw. 2486^ 
2518; j^^embelUt 

belen, see bfilen. 

belden, v., O.E. belgan,= O.L.G., O.H.G. bel- 
gan, O.N. belga ; / swell with an^er ; bolh 
(pret.) LA5. 15839; J)a balh he hme (^indig- 
natus est ') Lk. xv. 28 ; bol^hen (pple.) Orm. 
7145 ; comp. a-, an-, ^e^bel^en. 

beli, sb., O.E. belg, baelg, bylg, bylig,= O.N. 
belgr, OJi.G. pale (follis), Goth, balgs, 
(oo-ictiff), mod.Eng. belly, bellows ; J>e brest 
wi)> J>c beli (belly) PR. c. 679; beli *fou' 
VOC. 171; belou * follis* 180; beli, belu 
WiCL. JER. vi. 2Q ; beli * venter* belou ^follis ' 
PR. P. 30; beli [balij Ch. C. T. C534 (belly), 
735 1 (bellows) ; ball R. s. v ; M. T. 200; his 
bali for to fillen PL. CR. 763; belies (pi.) 
bellows A. R. 284 ; belies (bellows) IsuM. 412 ; 
belies, balies (bellies) Langl. A prol. 41 ; 
balez (bowels) Gaw. IJ30; a peir belwis 
(bellows) w. & I. 23 ; bulies Brd. 22. 
beli-naked, adj., stark naked, Ch. C. t. 
^1326. 

belken, v., tO.E, bealcian,-/il/.Z.^. belken 
(mugire) ; belch ; belke cath. 27 ; Townl. 
314; ha^ belkid (pple.) out ^ eructavit* 
WiCL. PS. xliv. 2. 

beUe, sb., O.E. belle, =Ar.Z^., M.L.G. belle j 
bell, 'campana; PR. P. 30; Laj. 29441 ; Langu 
J? PROL. 165; here the belle Ch. Tro. iii. 



E 



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50 



belle. 



bengere. 



?; 



149; bellen (pi.) frag. 7; Laj. 16929; 

Horn (H.) 1294; Rob. 509; Al. (L.*) 586; 

belle Sax. chr. 259; belles Orm. 901; 

Mand. 243. 

belle-drSm» sb., ^/mnd of a bell, Orm. 922. 

iMlle-^eter, sb., bell-founder^ er. P. 30. 

belle-house, sb., * campanile J VOC. 273. 

belle-weder, sb., bell-wether ; belwedir PR. 

P. 30 ; belleweder (noisy person) Townl. 86 ; 

belweather (leader) LiDG. BOCH. in N. E. D. 
belle, sb., iunic^ Trev. I. 403 ; an. lit. 12 ; 

ANT. Arth. XXIX (prinUd belte ; see errata). 
bellen, v., 0.E, bellan, = O.H.G, pellen, bellen 

(latrare) ; roar^ bellow \ belUn ^mugio^ PR. P. 

30; ]>e bole bigan to belle rel. II. 19; as 

loude as belleji wind Ch. h. f. 1803 ; belling 

(pple,) as a bole Will. 1891 ; boUen (pple) 

inflated Map 334 ; WiCL. i CoR. v. 2 ; bollen 

hertes comp. bl. kn. 101 ; a bleddre ibollen 

ful of winde A. R. 282; comp. to-bellen; 

deriv. belle^boUeP 
belllnge, sh.f = O.H.G. pellunga (latratus) ; 

roarings lowing^ * mugitus^ PR. P. 30. 
belt, sb., O.E. belt,= 0.N, belti, O.H.G. balz, 

iMt. balteus ; belt, * zona^ voc 231 ; Iw. 253 ; 

belte (dat.) Ch. C. t. A 3929. 
belte, sb., axe, ^ securis, PR. P. 30; ^ coing, 

voc. 163 ; N. P. 13. 
beltane, sb., May-day \ (n. E. d.). 
belten, v., gird with a belt ; belted (pret) 

c M. 15285. 
belwen, v., O.E. bylgean; bellow \ belwe 

Gow. II. 72 ; L. H. R. 145 ; cou ... fat wolde 

belwe after boles Langl. B xi. 333. 
belwinge, sb., bellowing \ bellewing Gow. 

HI. 203. 
bem, see beam., 
beme, sb., O.E. beme, byme ; trumpet. Map 

348 ; PR. c 4677 ; beeme / ncise Ar. 108 ; 

b&nan (//.) HOM. I. 87; bemen frag. 7; 

A. R. 210 ; bemeD [bemes, bumes] La). 4462, 

5107, 5874; beme HOM. II. 115; misc. i6a; 

bemes Will. 1154; K. T. 499; IsuM. 429; 

bdmene {gen. pi.) LA5. 19926; hom. II. 

113; beman (dat.pl.) Mat. xxiv. 31. 
bemen, v., OB. bymian ; sound the trumpet, 

A. R. 210. 
bdmare, sb., O.E. bymere; trumpeter, 

^tubicen,' FRAG. 2 ; A. R. 210. 
bemen, see beamien. ben, see b§on. 
benche, sb., O.E. bene/, l^O.L.G., O.Fris. 

benk, O.N. bekkr m. ; bench, * scamnum,* PR. 

p. 30; P. L. S. XXXV. II, xxxi. 114 (bank); 

Langl. A iv. 32 ; Ar. & Mer. 2325 ; benche 

(dat.) Laj. 14963 ; Orm. 14087 ; rel. I. 187 ; 

Horn (L.) 369; on J)ine benche FRAG. 6; 

benke Man. (H.) 58; iwstices atte benche 

B.OB. 570; benche [benches] (pi.) LA3. 

24872; benkes Orm. 15231 ; comp. kine-, 

0ide-benche. 



benohed, pple., furnished with, seated on 
benches; benched (pple.) Ch. Tro. ii. 822; 
ibenched PL. CR. 205; benked Orm. 15231. 

benohinge, sb., benching, Trev. Barth, 
(in N. E. D.) ; benkinge Orm. 15232. 

bend, sb., O.E. bend m. f, -* OJL.G. *bend 
(€u:c. pi. bendi), O.Fris., M.Du. bende, 0.N, 
benda, Goth. h2C[id\f;from binden ; tie, ribbon^ 
band,bond, 'vitta,' YOG. 197 ; Gow. III. 1 1 ; Ch. 
C. L. 810 ; w. & 1. 35 ; his tunge bend Mk. vii. 
35 ; nenne bend ayenb. 48 ; mid aene (r. ane) 
bende of golde La?. 24747 ; band (stripe) Iw. 
2394 ; bendes (pi.) P. L. S. viii. 95 ; A. R. 382 ; 
HOM. n. 63; MISC. 53; Rob. 58; bendes, 
bende O. & N. 1428, 1472 ; be king heom dude 
i(n) bende La^ 11862; benden (dat. pL) 
Mat. xi. 2 ; LA5. 587 ; bende Bek. 15 ; ayenb. 
220; B. DISC. 252; alused ... of bende P- 
L. s. viii. 68 ; fram deabes harde bende Shor. 
124; rtTfff/. bldd-beno. 

bendel, sb., O.Fr. bendel,-=a//:t7. bendel, 
O.N. bendiU-; bendlei (in heraldry), little band. 
Rich. 2964 ; bendeles Man. (E.) 10043. 

benden, v., O.E. bendan,= OJV; benda; bend\ 
bende Octav. (H.) 1020; bende hire browes 
Trev. I. 9 ; bende * tendo ' PR. P. 30 ; bende 
(pret.) Flor. 859 ; Gow. I. 234; Egl. 294 ; 
bende (h)is bo we RpB. 16 ; ))e amiral bende 
(knitted) (h)is browes Fer. 1954; brente him 
brimli Fer. 545 ; bend (pple.) spec. 34; ibent 
c. L. 743 ; ayenb. 174 ; comp. un-benden. 

bene, sb., O.E. htxi,^O.N. been; prayer, re^ 
quest, Lk. i. 13; HOM. I. 67 ; Orm. i459; 
GEN. & EX, 2511; Shor. 47; ayenb. 99; 
SPEa 5^8 ; REL. I. 113 ; Jireting ne bene R. S. 
i (MISC. 156) ; grante me a bene HORN (L.) 
508 ; benen (dat. pi.) Marh. 14 ; see b5ne. 

bene, adj., fgrcudous; A. P. iii. 418 ; )>ene wei 
bene P. L* S. viii. 170; comp. un-bene. 

bdne, adv., pleasantly, ant. Arth. vi. 

bQne, sefi b§ane., 

benedight, pple., from Lat. benedictus; 
blessed, C. M. 18705 ; TowNL. 91. 

Benediht, sb^, Lot. Benedictus^ Benedict^ 
Laj. 13159; A. R. 162. 

benefet, benfeet, bienfait, sb., O.Fr. bien- 
fait ; benefit, Langl. B v. 436, C viii. 42 ; 
benefet Wicu Esth. xvi. 16 ; bienfait Gow. 
I. 304; (noble deed) III. 187. 

benefice, sb., O.Fr. benefice; favour, free 
gift, kindness; benefice ; Ch. C. T. -<4 291 ; 
benefices (pi.) ayenb. 42; Mirc 317; 
WiCL. s. w. III. 200. 

beneisun, sb., O.Fr. beneison ; benison, bless- 
ing, Hav. 1723; benison Ch. C. t. E 1365 ; 
benisoun Man. (F.) 6961 ; benissoun PR. c. 
3405 ; benzown S. S. (Web.) 3485. 

Benet, sb., O.Fr. Benoit; Benet, Benedict, 
PR. P. 31; benetis (pi.) WiCL. s. w. III. 
285. 

bengere, sb., corn-bin, pr. p. 31. 



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benigne. 



bdoiL 



51 



benigne, adj., />. benin ; denign^ Ch. C. t. 

^518; Med. 1 103. 
benignite» sb., Fr, benignit<S ; benignity^ Ch. 

C. T. B 1668. 
benke, see benohe. 
bent, ^.y fields Gaw. 253 ; over the brode bent 

Degr. 200; bente {dot,) Jos. 450; Ch. C. 

T. ^1981 (hillside) ; opon )>e bente bare 

ANT. Arth. xliv ; i walk on his bent TOWNL. 

101 ; bentis (//.) Flor. 1040. 

bent, sb., 0£, beonet, - 0,H,G, binuz ; bent 
{sort 0/ grass) y voc. 191 ; A. P. iii. 392. 

bek), sb., O^. beo, bio, bl, = OM.G. bia, M.Du. 
bie /,y OJV, by n, ; bee^ * apis,* FRAG. 3 ; 
bee voc. 177 ; PR. P. 27 ; bi Lidg, m. p. 88 ; 
been {pi.) Misa 148 ; PL. CR. 727 ; been, 
[bees] WiCL. DEUT. i. 44 ; a swarm of been 
Ch. C. t. F 204. 

beod, sb., O.E. beod, - O.Z.6^. biod, Goth, 
biuds, O.H,G. biet w., O.N. bio^r »i., bjo^ 
n, y /rom h^oden ; table; beode (dot,) P. L. s. 
viii. 132; biede HOM. II. 228; Angl. I. 23. 

bdede, see bede. 

|>eoden, beodan, v., 0.E, beodan, blodan, 
— O.L,G, biodan, O.Fris, biada, bieda, GotA. 
(ana-, £aur)biudan, OJV. bjo^ 0,H,G, biutan, 
piot^, bieten ; bid, announce, proclaim, in- 
vite, command, HOM. 1. 13 ; beoden A. R. 1 14 ; 
and lette beoden alle ]>a bocares La^. 32124 ; 
}ni scalt . . . beode {preach) )>er godes godspel 
29507 ; beoden & bodien Kath. 1480 ; beode 
SPEC 42 ; min erande for to beode Bek. 1408 ; 
beode, bode o. & N. 530 ; beode, bude Fer. 
I793i 1825; bedin ^offero* PR. P. 28; bede 
Horn (L.) 462 ; Hav. 1665 ; Man. (F.) 
1 1774; Gaw. 374; Min. 19; pr. c 5958; 
and wolde him batail bede Triam. 972; 
bdde {pres,) AV. Arth. xix; beode^, beot 
HOM. I. 47, 55 ; A. R. 194, 208 ; al J>at te 
godspel beodej) Orm. 4917; bedeb 15745.; 
to thiike honour J>at je me bede Ch. C. t. 
^360; bSad (pret.) a. r. 230; bead, bed 
GEN. & EX. 909, 1069 ; biad ayenb. 41 ; baed, 
bed [bead, bad] La^ 18821, 23407; baed 
Orm. 1 1799; bed Lk. viii. 29; Sax. chr. 
250; Kath. 441; Rob. 106; chr. E. 122; 
Trist. 2601 ; ant. Arth. i ; he him bed 
risen hom. II. 147 ; and bed alle godne dai 
P. L. S. ix. 200 ; beed an. lit. i i ; bad * man- 
davit' PR. C. 6275; buden Mk. x. 48; & 
buden here ferde La). 5146 ; boden Hickes 
I. 225 ; Am. & Amil. 896 ; bai boden hem 
landes brade Trist. 2636; ne boden him 
bringen ut . . . ¥0 men GEN. & EX. 1067; 
bode (subjct.) hom. I. 13; boden ipple.) 
Ch. l. g. w. 366 ; c m. 10683 ; have^ nem 
boden godun dai GEN. & ex. 1430; we ben 
alle boden (f/or beden) Jiider hom. II. 159; 
were boden to J>e bridale Langl. Bu, 54; 
bodin Lidg. m. p. 258; bode Gow. I. 12; 
comp, a-, bi-, for-, 36-, on-beoden; deriv. 
body bode^ budeL 

£ 



bidinge, sb., AfM.G, bietunge; oblation, 
WiCL. E. w. 167. 

beoden, see beden. beof, see boef. 

been, v., O.E. beon, blon; be, frag. 7; 
Kath. 502 ; be seal beon pe bet Laj. 701 ; 
)>at ich king oeon msei 13082; beon iseien 
videri \ R. 94 ; beon, bion {ms. byon) Mat. 
XX. 26,' 27; beon, bon ( — beon, see Eng. 
STUD. IV. 99) ; HOM. I. 5, 77 ; o. & n. 262, 
1 195 ; bat ^ ower fihtlac ]ete)» beo {cease) 
1699 ; beon, ben Orm. 21, 10255 ; beon, beo 
Bek. 105, 107 ; been PR. p. 30 ; ben Man. 
(F.) 24 ; bien Angl. 1. 9 ; hom. 1. 219 ; misc 
26 ; buen spec 25 ; H. H. 67 ; buen, ben p. L. s. 
viii. 20, 87 ; ben^bi gen. & ex. 15, 1195 ; beo, 
be Fer. 517 ; bee Egl. 366 ; lat ))i sorwe be 
{cease) Hav. 1265; lat J>e somnour be Ch. 
C. T. Z>i289; by Shor. 128; ayenb. 5; 
S. S. (Wr.) 536; hue rel. I. 110; boe II. 
244; to beonne hom. I. 193; te bienne 
AYENB. 131 ; bdon, beo, [0,E. beom, « O.L.G, 
bium, O.H.G. pirn, bim, bin] {pres.) Laj. 3945, 
9843; bute icn habbe. )>ine help ne beo ich 
never bli^ hom. I. 197 ; swa muciie . . . ich 
beo {v. r. iwur^) him J>e leovere JUL. 17; 
byo Mat. ix. 21 ; b'e hom. II. 17; spec. 
30 ; bu bist prag. 7 ; Misa 96 ; spec. 72 ; 
bist, beost La;. 3053, 9837^ best hom. II. 
29; Orm. 2455; <^^^- & ^^' 2884; s. s. 

Seb.) 1663; bes rel. I. 181; )>ou bes 
%lt be) honged Degr. 839; biS HOM^ I. 
13 ; R. s* V ; swa us w(u)rse bi^ {will be) 
La^. 972 ; to maei3e waene hit dsei bu^ 19484 ; 
ase softe as he is her ase herd he bi% )>er 
A- R. 304; beo)>, bej> Orm. 167, 2683; be^ 
gen. & EX. 182 ; beth, bes Hav. 1261, 2007 ; 
(we, je, ^it, heo) beo^ A. R. 8 ; beoJ> procl. 
2; Alis. 20; beo^, beoJ>, bo|> O. & N. 75, 
9JLJ, 1227 ; be(^, bo^, bea^ HOM. I. 73, 89 ; 
beo^, bu« [beoji] Laj. 5093, 5099; ))a.hwile 
je.bu^ a life p. l. S, viii. 12 ; bieb HiCKES I. 
222 (Angl. I. 8) ; ayenb. i ; bieth, biedh 
misc. 28, 31 ; be^ Rob. 7 ; trans. XIX. 320 ; 
PL. CR. 254; bu)> E. G. 354; beo\5, beon 
Kath. 493, 505 ; ben Langl. A'\.6\ beth, 
^iii. 27; beth, been Ch. C. T. .<4 178; bu)>, 
ben Will. 946, 4447; ben Gow. II. 370; 
Mand. 3; WiCL. John viii. 10; al J^t hie 
bi ben HOM. 11. 179; b(e)o, be {imper.) 
O. & N. 546 ; hal beo (earlier text wes) J)u 
Mk. XV. 18; beo^ Laj. 19172 ; beth Will. 
3797; bes Hav. 2246; bSo (subj^ o. 
& N. 1225 ; J>u beo frag. 6 ; li¥e him beo 
drihten Laj. 4; wit beon HOM. I. 33 ; heo 
beon A. R. 8; o. & N. 1221 ; beo yt swi^ 
bisie LA5. 7915; beon, ben (pple.) Orm. 
231 1, 8399; ben Langl* Bva. 236; bien 
Man. (H.) 34; bin Tor. 359; ibeon (beon) 
Laj. 8325 ; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon 
[iben] P. L. S. viii. 2 ; ibieu HiCKES I. 222 ; 
ibeo Brd. 4; ibee Rich. 5138; ibie Misa 
34. 
biinge, sb., being, essence, ayenb. 103. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



5^ 



bSor. 



beren. 



boor, sb., 0^. heoTf '^ O.Fris. biar, bier, 

0,//,G. pier, bier /i.y OJV. biorr m,; deer, 

FRAG. 4 ; Horn (R.) i io8 ; beor, bor o. & N. 

ion; ber Gaw. 129; bor o. & N. 1009; 

beore (tfa^,) LA5. 13542; bere HORN (H.) 

1 148. 
beordy see beard. 

beore, see bere* beoren, see beren, 
beor^y see ber^. 
berk, sb., dark, bark {of a dog), Angl. IV. 

197. 
beorken, v., 0,E, beorcan ; bark {as a dog), 

JARB. XIII. 163; berkin * latro' PR. P. 32; 

berke ayenb. 179; Will. 35; Alis. 1935; 

berkest {pres,) a. r. 122 ; beorke^ [borke))] 

La^. 21340 ; berketh LiDG. M. P. 29; berkinde 

{pple,) REL. I. 266; bark {pret.) Gow. I. 

221 ; biirken, borken {pret. pL) £d. 912, 

928 ; comp, be-berken. 
berkere, sb., barker, S. A. L. 70; berkar 

^lairator^ PR. P. 32. 
berkinge, sb., barking {of a dog), Trev. I. 

83 ; berking Will. 55. 
beorme, see berme. 
beom, beam, bem, sb., 0,E, beom, biom ; 

hero, warrior, man, LA5. 1552, 7645, 8083; 

\\i libere bem p. L. s. xx. 57; beurn, bem 

Aus'. (Sk.) 9, 219; bium AV. Arth. xlv; 

buim, bum Langl. B xi. 353 ; bum Will. 

332; bira ANT. Arth. iii; beomes {pL) 

MISC. 92 ; biemes, bemes, bumes Langl. 

A iii. 256 ; beraes M. H. 39 ; bemus Degr. 

500 ; bemis {printed berins) I SUM. 454 ; 

burnes Gaw. 259 ; buimes Jos. 29 ; beme 

(gen, pi,) spec. 58; beomen {dot, pi,) Laj. 

23408 ; beme Misa 93. 
beomen, see brinnen. 
beot, sb., 0,E, beot; menace, LA5. 16338; 

comp, ^ebdot. 
beotien, v., 0,E, beotian ; menace ; baoteden 

{pret,) Laj. 20521. 
beouste, see biwiste. 
beovien, ^^^bivien. 
beqvarre, sb., O.Fr, bequarre; the note B 

natural, REL. I. 292. 
beroel, sb., archer's butty ^meta,' PR. p. 

32. 
berd, see beard and brerd. 
b6re, sb., 0,E. bera, = 0,H,G, pero, bero ; bear 

(animal), *ursus/ PR. p. 32; HOM. II. 211 ; 

Hav. 573; AYENB. 15; Langl. ^xv. 294; 

Ch. C. T. a 1640 ; Mand. 291 ; bere, beore 

Rob. 202; beore La?. 25590; Alis. 1821 ; 

beore, bore A. R. 198, 202; o. & N. 102 1 ; 

beore, beare JUL. 72, 73; beore (gen.) l. h. r. 

140; \>es laste bore hweo]p A. R. 202 ; berse 

LA3. 22282 ; b^res (pi,) GEN. & ex. 191 ; 

bucres A. D. 237. 
b6re-fel, sb., bearskin. Will. 2430; bere- 

skin, Will. 1735 ; Ch. C. t. A 2142, 



bire*ward, sb., bear-keeper, PR. P. 32 ; P. P. 
364. 

b6re, sb., 0,E. bere, -OJV. barr m,, Goth, 

♦baxis, whence barizeins (KplBivos), Lot. far; 

bear{'Com), barley, VOC. 264; ayenb. 141; 

C. M. 13506 ; comp, pol-b6re. 

b6re-m61e, sh,,barley meal, LEECHD. III. 98. 

bere-, stem of beren, v. 
bere-bag, sb., bag-bearer, MiN. ii. 20. 
bere-blisse, sb., bringer of bliss, ayenb. 72. 

bere, sb., pillow-case, Ch. D. Bl. 254 ; comp. 
bed-, pilwe-bere. 

bere,sb., 0,E, (ge)baere, « 0,Fris, bere, OJL,G, 
(gi)bari, 0,H,G, (ge)bare ; gesture, noise, up- 
r^flr,FL.&BL.468; ROB.208; ALIS.550; MiRC 
276; MAS. 623; his untohe bere H. M. 31; 
\k 5onge man . . . spak wit wel faire bere Al. 
(T.) 129 ; bere and noise Trev. IV. 367 ; who 
makis sich a bere Townl. 109 ; beere Misc 
231 ; beare Laj. 28163*; bere (dat.) Kath. 
2370 ; Will. 43 ; ant. Arth. x ; and wami 
men mid mine bere O. & N. 925 ; comp. a-, 
^e-bere. 

bere, adj., 0,E, (leoht-,waestm-)baere; bearing, 

fruitful; childre bere gen. & EX. 1465 ; con^* 
firende-, liht-bare. 

bere, sb., bearing; for bere of )nne childe 
Shor. 133. 

bere, sb., O.E,hdbre,^0,N, bara, M,Du,h2tT^\ 
wave ; beres, beares, bieres (pi.) Laj. 1341*, 
28077*, 28625 ; cf. bare. 

beren, v., 0.E, beran, - 0,L,G, beran, 0,H,G, 
peran, beran, 0,Fris,, 0,N, bera, Goth, bairan, 
Lat, ferre, Gr, (j>€ptiv ; bear, A. r. 4, 230 ; M. T. 
88 ; Jiis seal beren eower saule to hevene riche 
HOM. 1. 39 ; beoren ni^ 125; beren [bere] wapen 
Laj. 499 ; witnesse beren 13231 ; we sculled 
bere J)in aer(n)de 24803; beren child Orm. 
2031 ; beoren Kath. 2491 ; (ms,hoTen) hom. 
I. 69 ; bueren rel. I. 267 ; bere Hav, 623 ; 
Perc. 190 ; bere fals witnesse Langl. B ii. 80; 
beore Alis. 771 ; beare Laj. 24566* ; buere 
SPEC 104; to berene hom. I. 147; bereS 
(pres.) HOM. I. 109 ; hue berej» J>e pris SPEC 
30 ; J>e bitte )>at beore^for^ (projects) as a water- 
bulge H, M. 35 ; (hi)bere^, berej) O. & N. 1372 ; 
bere^ me genge (bear me company) Marh. 
21 ; bere (subj.) gen. & ex. 3513 ; jjat ti lust ne 
beore J>e to J>at te lef were H. M. 1 5 ; J>at heo ure 
erende beore [bere] lo J>in hevonkinge R. S. iv 
(misc. 168) ; beoren a:r. 382 ; berinde (pple^ 
AYENB. 96 ; berande Alis. 5 109 ; baer, ber, 
bear, bar (pret,) LA5. 1180, 1825, 12279, 1477 1 ; 
ber HOM. I. 131 ; Marh. 22 ; a. r. 368 ; p. s. 
248; SPEC. 60; bar Orm. 12615 ; gen. & ex. 
338; Hav. 557; Brd. 20; leg. 6; Ch. C.t. 
]4 105 ; )>e erthe ne bar nan corn Sax. chr. 
262 ; ^t bar J)at blisful bam Langl. Axi.y, 
bare TRIST. 4 ; Egl. 340 ; )>u bere Misc 38 ; 
bere, beere Langl. A'\\\. 189; (^3) baeren 
Orm. 7576; basren, beren Lk. vii. 14, 24; 
beren hom. I. 59 ; Kath. 2496 ; alle )^ him 



Digitized by 



Google 



bereiL 



besant. 



53 



beren onde La^. 31473 ; hue bercn fauem so 

swi|»e he^e SPEa 106; beeren Mand. 172; 

here Rob. 177 ; dl ))ei bcre [beere] leves 

Langl. ^ v. 139 ; baren 365 ; so boldeli )>ei 

)>cm bere Triam. 1506; boren gen. & ex. 

684 ; b£re (sudjct.) Orm. 2029 ; bere HOM. 

I. 39; Bek. 193; bere [biere] Laj. 2513; 

boren {pple,) Orm. 161; H. h. 196; Hav. 

1878; s. s. (Wr.) 73; born Mand. 274; he 

hadde . . . born him wel Ch. C. t. -<4 87 ; bore 

AYENB. 221 ; comp. a-, »t-, for-, ^e-beren; 

deriv, bSre (bere), bearm, berme, biirSe, 

burt^ne. 
berere, sb., bearer^ Mand. 83 ; comp, k&i- 

berere. 

berin^^y sb., bearings bringing forth ; sup- 
fort^ Misa 26 ; AYENB. 259; Trey. II. 171 ; 

bering gen. & ex. 2178 ; Alis. 484. 
bereiiy adj., 0.E, beren, Goth, barizeins ; made 

of barley : fif berene hlafes JOHN vi. 9. 
beren, v., 0,E. (ge)baeran, « OX,G, (gi)barian, 

M,Du, baeren ; gesticulate ^ shout \ bere Hal- 

uw. 166 ; M. T. 99 ; mi selve so to bcre (r. w, 

kre) SPEa 93 ; bere]? (pres.) L. H. R. 215 ; 

beeringe ipple.) L. H. R. 140 ; berde (pret.) 

Jul. 53 ; comp. ^e-beren. 
berfiraiy sb., 0,Fr. berfroi; belfryj A. P. ii. 

1187 ; belfrai PR. P. 30 ; berfireis (pi.) Man. 

(F.) 1031. 
ber^, sb., O.E, beorg, beorh, - 0,L,G,<, 0,Fris, 

berg, 0,H,G, berg, perg, 0.N, biarg, mod,Eng, 

barrow ; from ber3en ; hill, mountain, Gaw. 

2172; beoruh frag. 3; berh3e (dot,) Laj. 

1 231 1 ; berghe, berwe Lanol. B v. 589; 

beorges (//.) REL. 1. 222 ; beor^en [b(e)oreweJ 

{dat.pi.) La;. 20854 ; bergen Lk. xxiii. 30. 
bergy sb., O^, (heafod) beorg, = (7JV. bi6rg 

/ ; protection, GEN. & EX. 926; comp, hals- 

ber^ 
beru-ham, sb., horse-collar, PR. P. 33 ; ber- 

hom voc. 278 ; beruhames (pL) 168. 
berg-le8» adj., without protection, gen. & ex. 

3048. 

[ber^e, sb., f shelter; comp, her-berje.] 
ber^n» v., O.E, beorgan,- O.L.G, bergan, 

0,H,G. pergan, O.N, biarga, Goth, bairgan ; 

protect, preserve, HOM. II. 209; bergen rel. 

I. 208; ber3hen ORM. 1559; ber^e ayenb. 

197; berwen Hav. 697, 1426; bergetS (ms, 

berged) (/r^j.) HOM. II. 197; birge^ 195; 

barb (pret,) Orm. 14572 ; and barg ¥e child 

fro ¥e dead GEN. & ex. 1330; bargh rel. I. 

22 ; barw Hay. 2022 ; buregen HOM. II. 187 ; 

borgen {pple,) HOM. II. 43; bor3hen ORM. 

3248 ; borgen, borwen GEN. & EX. 886, 1 102 ; 

bended HlCKESl.233; berjhed (ms, beryhed) 

PS.xxxii. 1 7 ; comp, bi-, 3e-bei3en; deriv, berj, 

bo]3,bar3. 
beriher, sb., protector, PS. bci. 7. 

berhles, sb., from bergen ; salvcUion, Orm. 
5115. 



berie, sb., 0,E, bene, heTi%^,^ M,Du, here, 

besie/, O.H,G, beri, 0,N, ber, Goth, basi n. ; 

berry : as broun as is a bene Ch. C. T. A 207 ; 

berien (pL) A. R. 276 ; beries GEN. & ex. / 

2062 ; comp, blao-, ivi-, m^% mur-, strau-, 

win-berle. 
benen, v., 0,N, berja, = 0,H,G, perien, Lat. 

ferire; beat, A. R. 188*; {v,r, bunsen) bere 

Tor. 1045 ; as hit on ehe bere^ Kath. 1056 ; 

wij) a swere )>at Arcita me )>urgh be herte bere 

Ch. C. t. a 2256 ; bi ))e berici weie \^ per 

tritam viam '] WiCL, NUM. xx, 19. 
berien, see burden, 
beril, sb., Gr, /S^puXXor ; beryl, MISC 98 ; P. L. 

S. XXXV. 92 ; beryl SPEC 25 ; A. P. i. 10 10. 
Berkeleie, pr. n., Berkeley, Rob. 439. 
berken, see beorken. 
berling, sb., (from bere) young bear ; ber- 

lingis (pi.) DEP. R. iii. 40. 
berm, see bearm. 
berman, see under bSr. 
berme. sb., 0,E, beorma, bearma,=il/.Z?//., 

.^J1.6^.berme,barme m. ; barm^yeast, ^spuma^ 

Yoa 258 ; PR. p. 32 ; Orm. 997 ; r. s. vii ; 

Ch. C. t. C;8i3 ; L. c. c 39 ; beorme Misc. 

189. 
bermin, v.,- work out, * spumo^ pr. p. 32 ; 

bermi Shor. 15. 
bem, see beam and beom. 
bem, beme, sb., 0,E, bere em (Lk. iii. 17) ; 

berem, bem ; bam, * horreum,' WiCL. deut. 

xxviii. 17; Langl. -5xix. 340; heme Orm. 

10487; Trey. I. 173; beme (dat.) o, & n. 

607; Gow. I. 162; Ch. C. t. -^43258; 

beme (pi.) Lk. xii. 18; bernes ROB. 348; 

AYENB. 30. 
bernake, bemakiley sb., Fr, bamaaue, bar- 

nache, barnacle, bemacle ; barnacle (bit for a 

horse), * camus^ PR. P. 33 ; bemacle * camus ' 

WiCL. 4 KINGS xix. 28 ; barnacles (pL) 353. 
bemake, sb., barnacle-goose ; bamakylle, ber- 

nak * bamacus * PR. P. 32. 
bemen, see brennen. 
berslety sb., f^om 0,Fr, berseret ; hound, D. 

Troy 2196 ; berselette ant. Ar. iii ; barslett 

Alex. (Dubl, MS.) 786; beroelettus (pi.) 

AY. Arth. vii. 
bersten, see bresten. 
berten, v., ? perspire : i bert(e) in bedde 

REL. II. 211. 

berSene, see biir^ene. beru, see berj. 
berwe, sb., fO,E, beam (grove) ; * umbracu- 

lum,* PR. P. 33. 
berwen, see bergen. 
besageWy sb., 0,Fr, besaigue; double-edged 

axe, Parton. 1936. 
besant, sb., O.Fr. besant; Byzantine coin, 

Alis. 3115; besaunt R. R. 1106; besaunt 

* minam ' WiCL. Ez. xlv. 12 ; bessanz (pi.) 
I Orm. 8102 ; besans Alis. 1572. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



54 



besL 



b^ver* 



hesifSeeWLBL 

besmOy sb., 0,E. besma, besema, == 0,Fris. 

besma, 0,H.G. pesamo, besamo ; besonty 

'scopa; PR. P. 33 ; ayenb. 172 ; Wicl. Is. 

xiv. 23 ; besmen (dat pL) Mark. 5 ; Jul. 

17 ; mid besme * scopis * Lk. xi. 25 ; beseme 

HOM. II. 87. 
besquitey sb., biscuit^ Man. (H.) 171 ; bis- 

qwite PR. P. 48. 
best, sb., 0,Fr, beste, Lot, bestia/ ; beasty A. R. 

48 ; Brd. 31 ; bat ilke best (r. w. nest) o. & N. 

99; )»t best WILL. 31 13; beest c L. 121 ; 

beast Kath. 2067 ; best, beste H AV. 279, 944 ; 

beste GEN. & EX. 194 ; bestes {gen,) A. R. 58. 
boBt-lioh, adj., beastly: ))e bestliche mon 

A. R, 58 ; beastliche men H. M. 25 ; beestli 

Wicl. i Cor. xv. 44. 
bestial, adj., pertaining tOy like a beast, 

BOKENH. 95 ; bestiall Gow. 1. 140; bestaille 

(pi:) folk Mand. 224. 
bestial-liohe, adj., belonging to the lower 

animalsy l>e8tiaUi (adv,) GEST. R. (H.) xlvk 

366. 
bestaile, sb., 0,Fr. bestaille ( = mod, b^tail) ; 

cattky Gow. II. 138 ; bestaille Mand. 284; 

beastial {single beast) LiDG. in N. E. D. ; 

bestailes (//.) KN. T. 103. 
bestialitey sb., 0,Fr, bestiality ; nature of a 

beasty Ch. Tro. i. 735. 
bestmge, sb., 0,E, bysting, from bdost, = O, 

H,G. biost ; biesting {first milk after calving), 

* colostrumy cath. 30. 
bet, ? adv. ; go bet {? go quickly) Ch. C. t. 

C 667 ; go bete s. S. (Wr.) 1005. 
bet, adv., 0,E, bet,- 0,Fris, bet, 0,N, betr, 

0'L,G, bet, bat, p,H,G, pai, baz {compart) ; 

bettery A. R. 416 ; gen. & ex. 2366 ; ayenb. 

195 ; OcTOV. (W.) 1191 ; Ch. C. t. A 242; 

HOCCL. i. 178 ; bett Orm. 4660 ; me luste bet 

o. & n. 39 ; as wel or bet Will. 172 ; to love 

{>at lond be bet Rob. 107 ; ))e bet Langl. 

Cix. 42 ; bet, baet Laj. 13448, 28560. 
best, adv., 0£, betst, = 0,Fris, best, OX,G. 

bezt, best, 0,N, bezt, 0,H,G, bezest {superi,) ; 

best {adv,)y HOM. I. 7 ; A. R. 6 ; god loved he 

best Ch. C. t. A 533 ; godes give is best hom. 

II. 107 ; bezst [best] LA5. 26606. 
betere, adj., 0,E, betera, betra m,y betere, 

betre / «., = 0,Frts, betera, OX,G. betara, 

0,N, betri, Goth, batiza, 0,H,G, peziro, bezero'; 

bettery A. R. 310 ; SPEC. 28 ; aelc wende to beon 

betere fene o¥er LA5. 24536 ; betere is {is pre- 
ferable) 5343; betere lif leden P. L. s. viii. 137 ; 

betere [beter] is o song o. & N. 713 ; betere 

bezet AYENB. 102; betre CHR. E. 382; betre 

hit is HOM. I. 49 ; )»eh him s(e)olf ))e betre 

nere 153; bettere, bettre, better Langl.-<4 iv. 

80; bettre, better Ch. C. t. A 256; beter 

K. T. 320 ; ge sende beteren Lk. xii. 7 ; J>a 

weren hire l^teren {her betters) Laj. 3749. 



betste, adj., 0,E, betsta wf., bctste/ «.,- 
O.Fris, besta, Goth, batista, O.H.G. pezisto, 
bezesto ; best {adj,) Orm. 2948 ; beste Bek. 
1447 ; })at beste )»at we habbe^ HOM. II. 221 ; 
here beste for to do ROB. iii ; ))e beste mon 
A. R. 332 ; his bezste [beste] cnihtes Laj. 8844. 

betfis, sb., OJ^. beitiass ; sail-yardy Man. (F.) 
12088. 

bete, sb., 0.E, bete, Lat, beta ; beety voc. 190 ; 
beetes {pL) lud. Coy. 22. 

betel, sb., 0,E. betel, hytt\y^ M,L,G, hotel, 
M.H,G, bozel ; from beaten ; beetley mallety 
STOR. 29 ; betil PR. P. 34 ; bitil YOC 180; je 
schulen iseon bunsen ham mit tes deofles 
betles {v, r, bettles) {pL) A. R. 188. 

beten, v., 0,E. betan, - Northumb. boeta, 
0,L,G. betien, 0,Fris, beta, 0,N, bceta; from 
bote ; mendy remedy y A. R. 92 ; Orm. 4440 ; 
& gunnen Jiere gultes beten p. L. S. viii. 137 ; 
beten alle owre bruchen Kath. 1406 ; betan 
HOM. I. 113 ; beten, baeten LA5. 5941, 18397 ; 
bete o. & N. 865 ; Misc 41 ; Rob. 291 ; s. s. 
(Web.) 2123; Amad. (R.) iv; bete his nede 
Alis. 5065; REL. II. 278; oure serewes to 
bete SPEC 89 ; to bete )>e sinne H. H. 225 ; jour 
bales to bete Will. 3167 ; bete [beete] his 
hunger Langl. B vi. 239 ; fires bete Ch. C* 
T. -r4 2253 ; nettes bete 3927 ; to betene, to 
betende hom. I. 7, 29; bete {pres,) HOM. I. 
21 ; bet {imper,) HOM. I. 17; bdtte {pret.) 
HOM. I. 83; Kath. 12 id; ah ever me |>at 
fur bette Laj. 2862 ; ]iat her bales bette B. 
Disa 2088 ; greet fir ))ei under betten Ch. C. 
T. c; 518 ; b6t {pple,) spec. 30 ; Will. 3960 ; 
bett ISUM. 764 ; a brighte fir wel bett Perc 
439 ; comp, ^-beten. 

beten, see bdaten. betere, see bet. 

betil, sb., 0,E, betel ; beetle {insect), YOC. 255 ; 
bitil PR. P. 37. 

betren, v., 0,E, betrian, = O.Fris, beteria, 
OJV. betra, 0,H,G, peziron, bezeron ; better, 
improve ; betred {pret,) PS. xii. 5 ; beterid 
{pple,) Wicl. s. w. III. 349. 
beteringe, sb., act of making bettery WiCL« 
S. w. I. 55. 
bettemes, sb., * benignitatem, PS. li. 5. 

be'S, see batS. be)>e, see bftt$e. 

bet$en, v., fOJ^. bei^; asky gen. & yx. 

2498. S** \l*^^^ (V^-- , CJ,3oo. 

b6)>ien, v., sleepy foment, GEN. & ex. 2447 ; 

bethed tr. f. 8. 

beui>ere, bewsher, see under beL 
beute, see bealt§. 
b^ver, sb., 0,E. beofer, « M,L.G. bcver, 

0,H,G, biber, piber, 0,N. bjorr, Lat, fiber; 

beafifery ^castor, YOC. 220; p. L. S. viii. 182; 

PL. CR. 295. 

b6ver-hat, sb., beaver-hat y Ch. C. t. A 272. 
b6yer*h(e)wed, pr. n., beaver^ coloured, Ga W. 

845. 



Digitized by 



Google 



b^ver. 



bi-bdde. 



55 



Beofbr-lai, pr. n., Beverley, FRAG. 5 ; Beverlei 
Misa 146. 

beyerdge» sb., 0,Fr. bevrage ; beverage, Rob. 
26; Rich. 4365; Gaw. 1112; a. p. li. 1433; 
Langl. a v. 189. 

b^yeren,adj., = if/./r.(7.biberin, fZ^.fibrinus ; 
beaver coloured ; his beveren berd ant. Arth. 
xxviii ; beverine lokkes D. Arth. 3630. 

beyeres, y,,^L,G, bevern; tremble i mani 
knightes sboke and bevered Mal. i. 1 5. 

[bi-, prefix, 0,E, bi-, be-, mod,Eng, be-, for 
hi, prep.] 

bi, prep., O^, bi, big, be, = 0.Z.6^, bi, be, 
OM.G, pi, bl, pe, be, GolA, }m; by : whan a 
man is an ur]ye ded and his soule bi (wM) 
god TREAT. 134; ]iulke faire womman J>at 
stent bi him P. L. s. x. 10 ; )je qvene fat by J>e 
stod SPEC. 70 ; y&t pe bi stod R. s. v ; spec 
58; stod hem bi Orm. 3340; tostonden ¥e bi 
GEN. & EX. 3666 ; bi bare see o. & N. 1754 ; 

te wune^ bi westen Kath. 591 ; J>at wone^ 
ire bi SPEC 96 ; bi mire side Laj. 7879 ; bi 
cche side Brd. 22; bi J)i side Jos. 42 ; bi are 
halve heo riden LA5. 9460; an oJ>er abbei 
is ))er bi P. L. S. xxxv. 147 ; alle fat ter bi ga% 
Kath. 1482 ; mi5t(e) we . . . com(e) bi tvo 
skinnes Will. 1688 ; bi ])one topjje he hine 
nom La). 684 ; he tok his child bi )>e hande 
ISUM. 325 ; live% . . . bi him one A. R. 12 ; 
ben . . . bi him selfen (by himself^ alone) 
Orm. 822 ; \o heo were al bi hem selve Rob. 
104; bi (in) )ian dagen HOM. II. 47 ; bi olde 
dawe Misc 47; bi fon time Jul. 4 ; bi time 
(betimes) GEN. & EX. 1088 ; HORN (L.) 965 ; 
hi daie La). 2082 ; o. & N. 241 ; bi ni^te 
Bek. 59 ; fat ich ne mai iseo bi [be] Hhte 
0. & N. 366 ; 5if he sellef meche bi jere E, G. 
355 ; al swa hit is bi mine songe o. & N. 
J 373 » fer com a pr(e)ost bi be weie hom. I. 
79; te foheles J>e fleon bi ^ lufte Mark. 9 ; 

Edit f!ih)> bi grunde O. & N. 506 ; as hi wend e 
i \t wode P. L. S. xiii. 153; he fat comef 
not in bi be dore WiCL. John x. i ; bi watere 
& bi londe LA5. 10511 ; fe children 5ede to 
tune bi dales (r. dale) & bi dune Horn (L.) 
154; bi (on) heore life hehte heom Laj. 
24317 ; bi {per) god Horn (L.) 165 ; fet me 
ne iverie ... by fe hevene ayenb. 6 ; hit is 
awriten bi (of) him hom. I. 129 ; al hit wes 
lesinge fat heo seiden bi fan kinge La). 
19079 ; sei^ uvel bi an o¥er A. R. 86 ; as be 
Giwes dude bi oure loverd Bek. 2161 ; ne 
def wel bi me A. D. 294 ; f e king havede bi 
his wive twene sonen La^. 4288 ; heo schal 
libben bi (on) elmesse A. R. 414 ; noht ne ma3 

te man bi brsed al ane libben Orm. it 344 ; 
i ¥i leve (by thy leave) GEN. & EX. 2865 ; bi 
5ourc leve Ch. C. t. A 3916 ; ne talde fej 
noht tqre kin . . . bi wimmen ac . . . bi 
wepmen Orm. 2061 ; sunne like^ him bi 
(according to) fine tale A. R. 334 ; ¥e mone 
is more bi mannes tale ¥an al ¥is er^e gen. 
& EX. 141 ; and dude al bi his rede Bek. 



169 ; it semed bi here speche Langl. 
B PROL. 52 ; bi hu muchel J)e an passed fe 
o^re H. M. 23 ; Jk) was it bi a fot to schort 
L. H. R. 30 ; a cite bi nome Nazareth icalled 
Jos. 78 ; i clepede be bi bi name WiCL. Is. 
xliii. I ; he wente nous oi hous Ch. C. t. 
Z> 1765 ; 5er bi [be] jere -£402 ; his doghter 
hadde a bed al bi nir selve right in fe same 
chambre bi and bi ^ 4142 ; up ros oure swete 
ladi and kist fe apostles bi & bi ASS. B 360 ; 
sende hit bi his sonde La^. 3151 ; alle fingis 
ben maad bi him WiCL. John i. 3 ; as sche 
sat be fe welle OcTAV. (H.) 327 ; fe castel be 
be see Tor. 871 ; fet me offrede wilem be 
bo ialde laghe misc. 27 ; be dai Fer. 2129; 
be middai AuD. 75 ; be fis time Will. 103 i ; 
(hi solde) be an ofer weje wende into hire 
londes MISC. 27 ; zveref ... be god AYENB. 
6 ; be the rode Gener. 2445 ; sio manigeo 
wundrede be (at) his laere Mk. xi. 18 ; be us 
foure fis i telle c L. 495 ; be fet he hef ofguo 
AYENB. 13 ; hi ssolden bi ibor3e be him 12. 
bi, sb., 0,N. byr; mod.Eng, -by in local 
names; from bUen ; town, Halliw. 172 ; 
c M. 13290; Guy 267. 

bi-eeften, -afteiiy bsBften, adv. & prep., 
O.^'.beaeftan, bseftan; behind, after, Laj. 7570, 
8680, 26057 ; bieften HOM. I. 39 ; he let bi- 
aften ¥e more del gen. & EX. 3377 ; baeften 
FRAG. I ; baften hom. II. 199 ; Orm. 14688 ; 
beften Lk. xxii. 6 ; befte me Mat. xvi. 23 ; 
baften, baft PS. Ixxvii. 66; on bafte [baft] 
abaft c m. 22150. 

bi-barren, v., bar\ bibarred {pple) A. R. 

170. 
bibben, v., drink \ bibbes (pres.) a. p. ii. 

1499 ; this miller haf so wisli bibbed (pple.) 

ale Ch. C. t. A 4162. 

bi-beoden, v., 0,E, bi-, bebeodan, = OM,G. 

pipiutan; enjoin, command; blbead (/r^/.) 

HOM. I. 225. 
bi-ber^en, v., 0,E, bebeorgan, - 0./f.6^. pi- 

pergan ; protect : fene scute biberh Laj. 

1461. 
bi-berken, v., bark at\ fe felle dogge fet 

bit and beberkf (f>res,) alle \o fet he mai 

AYENB. 66. 
bible, sb., Fr, bible ; bible, Langl. B ix. 41 ; 

Gow. 1. 15. 
bi-bleden, v., cf Ger, bebluten ; cover with 

blood \ blblfid (pple) A. R. 118*; Bek. 

2210; s. s. (Wr.) 810; Trey. VIII. 155; fe 

ground . . . bibled was mid his blode Shor. 

87 ; bebled MiRC 1934 ; L. H. R. 190. 
bi-blodegien, v., ffor ^^eblodegien; make 

bloody \ biblodege (imper) A. R, 292 ; bibl6- 

deget (pple) Marh. 3. 
bi-blotten, v., blot\ beblotte (imper.) Ch. 

Tro. ii. 1027. 
bi-bdde,sb.,0.^.bibod; command, command- 

ment,H0HA.22i,i2s; l>e-,bibode (</«/.) p. us. 

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bi-btlfen. 



bi-cumen. 



viii. 131* ; bebode (//.) Mat. xix. 17 ; biboda, 

-bode, -bodan, -boden HOM. I. 119, 131, 
bi-bti&iiy adv., adovef Orm. 17970. 
bi-bH^en, v., 0,E, bi-, bebugan ; escape, turn 

aside \ bibfih {pret,) LA5. 8193; heo hine 

bibu5en 12252 ; bibo^en (pple.) 10569. 
bi-biirieiiy v., 0,E, bi-, bebyrgan ; bury^ LA5. 

10436; A. R. 216; beburie Rob. 166; to 

beberienne Mat. viii. 21 ; biburiede {pret) 

Kath. 2227 ; biburijede LA3. 1728 ; heo . . . 

bibur3eden 1507 1 ; biburled {pple) LA3. 

10833 ; bebered ayenb. 263. 
bi-cachen, v., catch, ensnare, hom. II. 35 ; 

bikache REL. I. 183 ; bioahte {pret) Horn 

(R.) 663; bikaht {pple) Orm. 11621; bi- 

cau^t S. S. (Web.) 638; becajt ayenb. 54; 

bicauhte, -kehte {pi) P. L. S. viii. 160. 
bi-calleiiy v., call, address, accuse; becalle 

Guy (Z.) 7596; bioalle {pres) a. p. i. 912 ; 

becalle ant. Arth. xxxii ; bicalle^ gen. 

& EX. 2314. 
bi-cdren, v., fde careful about \ to ofte man 

bicare^ ))is lif Angl. 1. 27. 
bi-casten, v., cast around \ clothe, invest \ 

hi . . . hit al bicaste wib bolehuden Brd. 5 ; 

wij) deope diches becj> bicaste a L. 694. 
bioohe, sb., 0,E, bicce,=O.A^. bikkja; bitch, 

. REL. I. 187 (MISC. 137) ; AN. LIT. II ; TREV. 

III. 141; Langl. A\, 197; Ches. I. 181; 

bicche, bicke PR. P. 35 ; bichche S. s. (Web.) 

1802 ; bioohen {pL) Alis. 5394. 
bioched, adj., ? cursed; that bichid body 

LUD. GOV. 395; so breme and bicchid in 

himselfe Alex. 165 ; bicched bones {dice) 

Ch. C. t. C656 ; biched hopes Townl. 

241. 
bi-charmen, v., charm ; beobanne]? {pres) 

AYENB. 257. 

bi-chaiuiten, \,, enchant, Ar. & Mer. 721. 

bi-cherren, v., O.E. becerran, « 0,H,G, be- 
cheren ; seduce, deceive, A. R. 368 ; bicharren 
LA3. 5355; bicheorre 969*; bicherre misc. 
46 ; j)u bicherrest [bich(e)orrest] LA3. 3837 ; 
he bicherre^ monie mus to J>e sto(c)ke hom. 
I- 53 » 5^ bicherre^ (bichearre^) Jul. 42, 43 ; 
bioherde (pret,) hom. II. 59; Kath. 1188; 
biohsrred {nts, bischaerred) {pple.) LA5. 
7980 ; bicherd P. L. S. viii. 160 ; A. R. 224 ; 
S. A. L. 149. 

bi-chirmen, v., scream around : hi .me bi- 
chirmej) [bichermet] and bigredej> O. & N. 
279. 

bi-clappe, v., clap about, Ch. C. t. G 9. 

bi-clarten, v., soil: J^t spatel |)at swa bi- 
clarted ti leor hom. I. 279. 

bi-cleopien, v., O.E, becleopian ; appeal^ ac- 
cuse, A. R. 344 ; MISC. 61 ; biclepiean, biclu- 
pien P. L. S. viii. 54 ; jjat he scholde fram 
pulke curt biclipie to )>e kinge Bek. 606 ; {hie) 
IsiolepieS {pres,) hom. II. 173; we beclepe^ 
fe dom c. L. 498; bicl(e)oped, bicleped 



{pple,) o. & N. 550; a preost ... fat of 

mansla^t was bicliped Bek. 365. 

bi-cliippeny v., 0,E, bi-, beclyppan ; embrace^ 

A. R. 90; beclippe Gow. II. 95; Mand. 
52; biclippe Uomplectimini* WiCL. PS. xlvii. 
13 ; biolupte {pret,) Laj. 26776 ; ROB. 309; 

biclipte P. L. S. xii. 59 ; beclepte ayenb. 240 ; 

bioliipped (pple,) HOM. I. 201; biclipped 
Trey. I. 179. 

bi-cluseiiy v., 0,E. beclysan; inclose, LA5. 
15023; biclosi Rob. 558; biolusde. {pret,) 
LA5. 18614 ; biolused {pple.) FRAG. 7; A. R. 
378 ; bioluBet Kath. 598. 

bi-clutien, v., dress up; biclute {imper,) 
A. R. 316. 

bi-cnawen, v., 0,E, becnawan, = (9. /T. (7. 
pechnahan; acknowledge, know, biknowen 
Rich. 4476 ; Langl. B prol. 204 ; beknowen 
Gow. I. 62 ; beknawe ayenb. 132 ; mon hwi 
nultu ))e bicnowe R. S. i ; biknowe Ch. C. t. 
A 1558; him one to biknowe Shor. 95; 
biknowe {pres) Gaw. 2385 ; ^if i beknowe 
mi name Am. & Amil. 1279 ; bekneu {pret.^ 
ayenb. 215; biknewe Langl. B\\i\ bi- 
knowe {pple) Ar. & Mer. 425 ; he was 
biknowe fat Rimenild wes (h)is owe HORN 
(R.) 993 ; he was beknowe Will. 2172. 
bi-cn&winge, sb., knowledge ; beknawinge, 
AYENB. 126. 

[bi-cnawlechen, v., acknowledge^ 
bicn&wleohinge, sb., confession, ayenb. 
32. 

bi-colmen, v., cover with soot; bioolmede 
{pret) Horn. (L.) 1064. 

bi-comsen, v., commence ; bikomsed {pret) 
Will. 2523. 

bi-crdven, v., crave, gen. & ex. 1388. 

bicume-liCy adj., M,H,G, bekomenllch ; be- 
coming, HOM. I. 129; bicumelich 11. 127; 
beoumeliohe da^es \^ tempus cuceptabile^\ 
I. II ; bioumeliohe {adv) REL. I. 131. 

bi-cmnen, v., O.E, bi-, becuman, 0,L,G. 
becuman, 0,H,G, pichoman, -aveman, Goth. 
biqiman ; become, come into oeing, happen^ 
befit, A. R. 64 ; ne mei nan man bicuman to 
mine heovenliche federe hom. I. 119 ; ))at ich 
wulle bicumen [bicome] J)in mon Laj. 8482 ; 
waer scuUen we bicumen 21913; ^t him 
walde bicumen a freoboren burde Jul. 6 ; 
alle worldaihte schulle bicmnen to nouhte 
REL. I. 183 (misc 126); bicome Bek. 40; 
bikimetS, bicume^ {pres) JyL. 54, 55 ; 
so hit bicumej> to havekes cunne o. & N. 271 ; 
it bicume% him swi^ wel misc. 23 ; bioain 
{pret) Langl. B v. 493 ; it so bicam gen. & 
ex. 2007; becam Mand. 231 ; ))er wiste non 
wher he becam Gow. II. 120; bicom Kath. 
1 563 ; H. H. 48 ; J>e him bicom swi¥e wel 
La^. 18 169 ; hit bicom me wurse A. R. 316; 
))0 hit bicom ^at he hajte O. & N. 105 ; bi- 
comen Hav. 2257 ; heo to londe bicomen 



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bi-cw6Bte. 



blden. 



57 



La^ 105 ; bionmen (pple) A. R. 340 ; michel 
sorge is me bicumen gen. & ex. 2227 ; bi- 
comen p. L. s. xxx. 22 ; bicome Will. 222. 

'bi-cweste» sb., bequest \ bi-qveste Langl. 
^vi. 87; Man. (H.) 86. 

l>i-owesten9 v., bequeath ; biqvest PL. CR. 69. 

t>i-ow^Se]i, v., 0,E, bi-, bccwe^an ; bequeath ; 
beqwethin Uego^ PR. P. 31 ; liches . . . smeren 
and winden and biqve^en (bewail f) GEN. & 
£X. 2448 ; ic ou wile seg^en . . . hwat )>at 
word biqve{> (means) HOM. I. 75; biqveS 
[bicwaj)j (pret.) LA5.9190; biave}> ROB. 381 ; 
biqva]> Gam. 99 ; beqve]?en (ppleJ) PL. CR. 
409 ; biqvejje Trev. I. 5. 

'bi-owide, sb., legacy \ biqvide Rob. 381 ; 
beqvide AYENB. 112. 

"bid, v.,=bud, must\ bidde Hav. 1733. 

bi-dselen, v., O.E. bi-, bedselan, = aZ.^ 
bedelian, O.H.G, piteilan ; deprive ; bidflsled 
ipple,) FRAG. 6 ; Orm. 4677 ; witte bidaeJed 
Laj. 10283 ; bideled of ^*hore HOM. II. 49; 
bidelid rel. I. 185 (misc. 134). 

bi-dafTen, v., befool \ be)> nought bidaffed 
Ch. C. t. ^1191. 

bi-daggen, v., ?=bidSawen;=J/.Z^. be- 
dauwen ; splashed with clay ; bidagged (pple.) 
Alis. 5485. 

bi-da^ien, v., dawn upon ; bedawe)> (pres,) 
Gow. II. 193; bedaghe (subj,) D. Troy 
758. 

bidden, v., 0,E, biddan, = O.Fris, bidda, 
OJ..G, biddian, Goth, bidjan, 0,N, bi^ja, 
OM.G, bittan, pittan ; pray^ beg, bid^ com- 
mand^ A. r. 228 ; GEN. & EX. 1802 ; Hav. 
529 ; & bidden (pray) for heom HOM. I. 7 ; 
& h(e)om to gode bidden 139; bidden hine 
mildce Laj .12271 ; bidden his milce R. S. iv ; 
bidden \ts bone Kath. 61 1 ; bidden for 

EB Orm. 6130; to bidden us to Criste 8990; 
iddin ^ oro, mando^ PR. p. 35; bidde 
AYENa 5 ; of heore sunnen bidde bote O. & 
N. 858 ; mi mete for to bidde Horn (H.) 
I2t8 (R. 1183); to biddene HOM. I. 39; 
bidde (pres) Will. 4754 ; ich . . . bidde J)in 
ore HOM. I. 205 ; ihc bidde |)e |)i blessmg 
ASS. 158 ; 3if i bidde (subj.) ani bedes Langl. 
^v. 407 ; biddest Marh. u ; bist Misc. 84; 
bidden Lai. 16834 ; bidde)) Ch. C. t. A 3641 ; 
he bat biddej) borwe)> Langl. ^vii. 81 ; ))e 
wikked he biddejj (for beode)>) to gon heore 
wai P. L. s. xxvii. 1 1 ; biddes I SUM. 270 ; 
biddez s. a. L. 153; beddez Gaw. 1374; bit 
A. R. 156 ; Orm. 5454 ; bit, bid O. & N. 441, 
445, 1352 ; & helpes me bidda^ HOM. I. 13 ; 
hii biddij) vor ur(e) fon ROB. 235 ; heo biddej 
heom to gode Misc. 85 ; \i\AA(imperat,) rel. 
I. 186 ; bide hine HOM. I. 17 ; bide [bid] Laj. 
4378 ; bide [bidde] his grace H. M. 11; 
bidden (subj^ HOM. I. 11 ; ]iat ^e bidden for 
me Jul. 75 ; biddinde (pple) ayenb. 219 ; 
biddinde [biddinge] LA3. 16754; beed, bed 
{pret,) Lk. vii, 3, viii. 37 ; bsed, bad, bead, 



bed Laj. 2454, 3971, 4767, 4879; bed a. 

R. 156; AYENB. 191; P. S. 248; & bed 

hine witen ])eDe forwundede mon HOM. I. 
85 ; bad Orm. 2385 ; Horn (L.) 79 ; Bek. 
2256 ; Fer. 2127 ; AN. LIT. 12 ; Mand. 228 ; 
Tor. 1245 ; he bad hise bede gen. & EX. 
1375; heo bad for Horn Horn (L.) 79; so 
god it bad (ffor bead) 57 ; )?u bede Laj. 
31604 ; o. & N. 550; Rob. 133 ; bone ))at Jk)u 
bede P. S. 153; Jjou me bede singe Shor. 
118; baeden Lk. iv. 38; Orm. 697; beden 
FRAG. 6; heo beden [bede] hine come to 
helpe LA5. 666; bede Will. 2102; Al. (T.) 
370; Gow. I. Ill ; non ober hevene hi ne 
bede Fl. & Bl. 553; bftde (subj.) Orm. 
9595 ; bede Laj. 29884 ; a. r. 222 ; o. & N. 
1678 ; and bede ane bone Kath. 2401 ; )>at 
be watur bede leb. Jes. 317; bede, beede 
LANGL. B viii. 102 ; bat hi for him bede 
Bek. 2256; beden (pple.) hom. II. 63; 
WiCL. Lk. xiv. 7*; bede Will. 2410; Gow. 
I. 70; were bede to ))e bridale Langl. A ii. 
36 ; & dide al als him beden (for boden) 
was Orm. 3138; comp. ^e-bidden; deriv. 
bed, bede, beden. 

biddere, sb., O.E. biddere ; one who orders 
or begs ; bidder PR. a 3679 ; bidderes (pL) 
and beggers Langl. Z?vi. 206. 

biddunge, sb.,=i^/.-^.(S^. bittunge; bidding, 

praying, HOM. I. 69 ; A. R. 108 ; biddinge 

ayenb. 194. 

bide, sb., O.E. h\^,^M.H,G. bit ; delay, ToR. 

1463 ; c M. 1761 ; wijK)uten bide L. H. R. 

bi-deawen, v., M.H.G, betouwen ; bedew ; 
bedeawe}> (pres.) ayenb. 95 ; bidewed 
(pple.) Pall. vi. 110. 

bidel^^^^budel. 

bi-delyen, v., O.E. bedelfan,=0./>i>. bi- 
delva, O. L. G. bedelban, O. H. G. bitelban ; 
dig round, dig', bidelve REL. I. 116; S. S. 
(Web.) 1374; Ar. & Mer. 1026; bedalf 
(pret.) Mat.xxv. 18 ; bai bidolven s. S. (Web.) 
2044 ; bidolven (pple.) Ch. Boet. v. i (151); 
bedolve Will. 5252. 

bi-demen, v., condemn, Hom. I. 167. 

biden^ v., O.^". bldan,= (7.Z.(7. bldan, Goth. 
beidan (npoMx^rBai), O.N. bl^a, O.H.G. 
bitan, mod.Eng. bide ; await, expect, endure, 
MISC. 1 52 ; AN. LIT. 5 ; bide P. S. 204 ; S. S. 
(Web.) 2864 ; OCTOV. ( W.) 874 ; Gaw. 374 ; 
Langl. B xviii. 307 ; MiN. v. 52 ; ToR. 1023 ; 
bide an dwelle P. L. s. iii. 40 ; i mai no lenger 
bide Ch. C. t. -^44237; bide an answare 
Flor. 264 ; muche chele he bid spec 110 (a. 
D. 176) ; bide (imper.) H. M. 11 ; bide (subj.) 
HOM. II. 149; b&d (pret.) Perc. 569; 
Herode king bad after J>e3re come Orm. 
6507 ; bod Gow. III. 292; J)e navre wowe 
ne bod hom. 1 1. 33; bod [bood] [*W£i»«V'] 
WiCL. I KINGS xxiii. 18 ; bood Ch. C. T. 
-^4399; biden(/rif/.//.) LA3. 12690; REB, 



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58 



biden. 



bi-f6r6n« 









LiNC. 17; hi nefre ne bide nane niede HOM. 
II. 221; biden (pple.) Alis. 897; Man. 
(F.) 3403 ; comp, a-, an-, ^e-, over-biden ; 
deriv, bide, b&de. 

biding, sb., 0.E, biding; delay ^ Fer. 4026 ; 
PR. a 4708. 
bidene, adv., at once, at the same time, Orm. 
4793; Hav. 730; L. H. R. 63; Man. (H.) 
45 ; MiN. iv. 53 ; (ms, by dene) MiRC 1870; 
342 ; bifore, hure knele je alle bi dene (ms. 
bi dene) ass. 347 ; ))e orf deiede al bidene 
p. S. 342 ; hit falewe}) al bidene {ms, by dene) 
SPEC 61 ; bedene {ms. bedene, be dene) Guy 
(Z.) 2408; Egl. 1 1 28; ANT. Arth. xxiv; 

MIR. PL. 117. 

bi-derken, v., darken ; biderked {pple) 

Gow. I. 81. 
bi-deman, v., 0,E, bi-, bedyrnan ; conceal, 

FRAG. 8. 
bi-didren, v., 0,E, bedidrian ; delude, Orm. 

1 5391 ; fc defel hafde hem al bididred & 

forblended 191 38. 
bi-dihten, v., bedight ; bldight {pple) Degr. 

144. 
bi-don, y.,^M,L,G, bedon, M.H.G. betuon ; 

defile with ordure, A. R. 130. 
bi-d6te, v., make to dote, make foolish ; bedote 

Ch. L. G. w. 1547. 
bidowe, sb., fkind of weapon, Langl. A xi. 

211. 
bi-drayelen, v,,^L.G. bedrabeln; drabble; 

bedrabilid {pple) PR. P. 28 ; his herd was bi- 

draveled Langl. B v. 194. 
bi-drenohen, v., soak, steep \ bedreint 

{pple) CT. love 577. 
bi-driyeny v., 0,E, bedrtfan; drive about: 

we beo^ ... mid wedere bidrlvene Laj. 

6206. 
bi-droppe, v., » Ger, betropfen ; bedrop ; be- 

droppe Gow. III. 254; bidropped {pple) 

Langl. ^xiii. 321. 
bi-diitten, v., shut up\ ¥aer J>u bist feste 

bidytt GR. 27. 
bi-dwelien, v., seduce, confound : heo bid- 

weolieS ipres) simple men A. R. 128 ; as he 

bidweoled [v. r. bidweolet] {Pple) were 

Kath. 1258. 
bied, see beod. 

bien, see beon. bien, see buggan. 
bi-eode, v., 0.E, bi-, beeode ; tt/ent round, 

La^. 1188; bi^ede Shor. 145; bieoden 

Kath. 161 4. 
bieren, see beren* biem, see beom. 
bi-fallen, v., a£". befeallan, = O.L,G, {incidere) 

bifallan, 0,H.G, pifallan ; befall, fall, c. L. 

293 ; bifalle Laj. 4508* ; Hav. 2981 ; Will. 

547 ; in seknesse bifalle HOM. I. 157; bi- 

valletS {pres) A. R. 246; bifgol {pret) leg. 

4 ; bifel GEN. & EX. 963 ; Langl. A prol. 6; 

befel HOM. 1. 231 ; hit bifiil LA3. 1818* ; Bek. 



219; ))e oreisouns . . . )>at bifiille (pertained) 
J>er to p. L. s. xxi. 170 ; bifiedlen {pple) HOM. 
I. 281 ; bevalle avenb. 49 ; |>o was hit bivaile 
{frst text ilumpen) Laj. 7195*. 
bi-fallinge, sb., happening, occurrence^ Ch. 
Tro. iv. 990 ; bifEtUinges (//.) WiCL. wiSD. 
viii. 8. 

bi-fealden, v., O.E, bi-, befealdan,=0./r.^. 
pifaldan; envelop', befeold {pret) Mk. xv, 
46 ; bi% bevealde {pple) avenb. 8, 188 ; bi- 
folde CL. M. 27 ; lai le fr. 172. 

bi-felen, v., 0,E, bi-, befeolan, 0,L,G, bi- 
felhan, 0,H.G. pifelhan, -felahan; commit i 
helle \g we weren in bifolen (pple), HOM. 1. 
123 ; oft ic habbe bevolen an 07er senne v. & 
v. 9. 

bi-fellen, v., 0,E, befyllan ; fell, cut down ; 
biveollen {f ms, biveolen) LA3. 27069. 

bi-finden, v., O.Fris. bifinda, « O./T.a pi- 
findan ; find; bivond {pret) Rob. 267 ; bi- 
fiinden {pple) HOM. II. 47 ; (i. M. 31 ; Orm. 
748. 

bi-flean, v., 0,E, beflean; fiay; bevla5e 
avenb. 73 ; bo ))et bevleajJ |)e povre volk 218 ; 
beflain {pple) Gow. III. 183. 

bi-fleden» v.,=Ger, befluten; fiow round i 
]i£ sae hine bifLMde La;. 25738. 

bi-fleoDy y,,^Q,E, hefiton, = 0.//.G. pifleo- 
han ; fiee, escape ; biflien HOM. 1. 169 ; bifluen 
p. L. S. viii. 77 ; bivli Shor. 127 ; be-, bivli 
AVENB. 9, 134; bevli;)) (pres) avenb. 73 ; 
bifle (subj) Shor. 36; bevlo^e {pret.) 
AVENB. 77, 

bi^fliing, sb., shunning ; bevliinge avenb. 
121. 

bi-fleten, v., cause to be surrounded : mid see 
him bifldtte {pret) HORN (L.) 1396. 

bi-flowen, v,,fiow around; bi-flowe {ppl^') 
Horn \,H.) 612. 

bi-f61e9 v., befool, Gow. I. 10. 

bi-fon, v., O.E, bi-, befon, 0,L,G., O.H,G, bi- 
fahan ; contain, encompass : J)e loverd )>et al ))e 
world ne muhte n5ut bivon A. R. 76 ; Brutus 
bifeng al J>at him biforen wes Laj. 829 ; mid 
aene (r. ane) bende of gold aelc hafde his haefd 
bivonge 24748 ; mid deofle bivon hom. I. 9. 

bi-forcen, v., force, ravish \ beforst {pret,) 
Barb. 536. 

bi-fdren, adv. & prep., 0,E, bi-, beforan,« 
0,L,G, biforan; before, Orm. 117; procl. 
5 ; spec. 24 ; Jos. 28 ; Mihhal code biforen 
HOM. I. 41 ; eour eiber sunega^ biforan 
drihten 15 ; biforen [bifore] and bihinden 
LA3. 439; biforen ))on kinge 8820; biforen 
alle o¥re H. M. 19 ; ^r biforen GEN. & ex. 
665 ; biforen, -voren frag. 7 ; bivoren A. r. 
190 ; swo we biforan qve|)en Misc. 146 ; 
biforen, -fore [* ante *] Mat. v. 12 ; Lk. i. 8 ; 
bifom Hav. 1022 ; Ch. C. t. A 100 ; bifom, 
bifore Mand. i, 225 ; seen befom, [bifore 
se] [^praevidere '] WiCL. eccles. iv. 13 ; bi- 



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bi-foren. 



big. 



59 



fore 1>.L. s. rviii. 136 ; J>e sterre fet iede bifore 
hem Misa 27 ; bifore {>at oure king wes ded 
P. s. 246. 

bitbre-oastingy sb., fre-calculation^ malice 
aforethought', of biforecasting [^ de industrial] 
"WiCL. JER. xxxviii. 4, 

bifbre-on&wen, v., foreknow, know before- 
hand', God biforeknew {pret,) also the 
tbingis to cominge of hem WiCL. wiSD. xix. 
I* ; bifore-kno^inge know thow ^scito 
praenoscens^ WiCL. GEN. xv. 13. 

bifore-cimxeny v., come before : as he knew^ 
him strongli biibreoimuneii \^ se a viro 
praeventum'] of the man WiCL. 2 Macc 
xiv. 31. 

bifore-outten, v., cut beforehand: bifore- 
Utte 5e [*praecedite'] the braunchis therof 
'WicL. Dan. iv. 11. 

bifbre-fi^, v., go before : merci and treuthe 
shul biforgo ['praecedite*] thi face WiCL. 
PS. bcxxviiL 15. 

blfore-goere, sb., forerunner: I schal 
sende thi biforegoere [^ praecursorem *] an 
aungel WiCL. EX. xxxiii. 2 ; nise ^e and sue 
the biforgoeris [* praecedentes ^] Josh. iii. 
3 ; sentist waspis beforgoeres of thin ost 
WISD. xii. 8. 

bifbre-greiSen, v., prepare beforehand : I 
shal beforgreithe \^ praepar€d>o^\ thi seed 
"WiCL. PS. Ixxxviii. 5 ; the vois of the Lord 
befoiTg^reithende herttis [^praeparaHtis cervos*] 
xxviii. 9; he . . upon the flod is befor- 
greithide it xxiii. 2. 

bifore-greiSinge, sb., preparation: rijt- 
"wisnesse and dom beforgreithing [*/rfl^r/^?r- 
€ttio '] of thi sete WiCL. PS. bcxxviii. 15 ; so is 
the beforgreithing of it Ixiv. 10. 

bifor-giirden, v.: gird before; God that 
l>efbrgiTte [(Pret,) me (^prae^inxitme^)] with 
vertue WiCL. PS. xvii. 33 ; thou beforgirtist 
me with vertue xvii. 40 ; the Lord beforgirte 
himself Ixxxxii. i. 

bifbre-bad, pple., previously held', Pharao 
shal restore thee to the biforehad \; pristi- 
num*] gree WiCL. GEN. xl. 13; after their 
visage befomhadde WiCL. 4 KINGS xvii. 40. 

bifbre-hond, adv., see hand. 

before-ooupien, v., occupy beforehand: it 
befomocupieth that couegteth it WiCL. wiSD. 
vL 14 ; beforocupie wee his face in knoulech- 
ing PS. Ixxxxiv. 2 ; if he were befornocupied 
l^praeoccupatus'] bi deth WiCL. wiSD. iv. 
7- 

bifbTn-i>a8aend, pple., excelling : in alle thi 
werkes befompassende be thou ['/m^^^//^«j 
esto'} WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxiii. 23. 

bifor-rediinge, sb., preparation ; the befor- 
rediing [^praeparationem'l of the herte of 
hem hcrde thm ere WiCL. PS. ix. 17. 

bifbre-renner^ 8b.| fore-runner: i shal 



sende an aungel thi beforerenncr [^praecur- 
sorem *] WiCL. ex. xxxiii. 2. 

bifore-ripe, adj., sb., early : the beforeriip 
grapes ^praecoquae uvae 'J WiCL. NUM. xiii. 
21. 

blfore-Boeawen, v., foreshow; before* 
iJidwiiige (pple,) WiCL. gen. xxxxi. 11, 

blfore-s§n, v. .^ foresee: that cannot beforese 
{^praevidere *) in to tyme to comynge WiCL. 
ECCLUS. iv. 13; alle my weies thou befom8e3e 
(pres,) WiCL. PS. cxxxviii. 4. 

bifore-senden, v., send before ; blforeBentd 
{pret,) [^praemisif] WiCL. 2 Macc. xii. 21 ; 
biforaent (pple,) WiCL. wiSD. xix. 2. 

blfom-Betten, v., set before ; into eche folc 
of kiiide he befomsette [^praefiosuit^] a gouer- 
nour WiCL. ecclus. xvii. 14 ; beforaettende 
[*praeponens *] WiCL. Esth. i. 8. 

hifoTe'^irigeD.,v,y lead the chant; Chinonye 
. . . was souereyn to biforsynge melodie [* ad 
praecinendam melodiam '] WiCL. i PARALIP. 
XV. 22 ; with the whiche she beforesonge 
WiCL. EX. XV. 21. 

bifor-sp^kere, sb., spokesman; profete, 
that is, interpretour ether bifor-spekere [for- 
spekere] WiCL. EX. vii. i note, 

bifore-8i>6kinge, sb., preface: prefiaciouxl 
or biforespeking WiCL. 2 Macc. ii. 33. 

bifore-streoohen, v., hold out, extend: 
beforstrecche [*praete/tde*] thi merci to men 
knowende thee WiCL. PS. xxxv. 11. 

bifore-tdken, v., anticipate : soone shul 
befortaken ]^ anticipent'] us thi mercies WiCL. 
PS. Ixxviii. 8. 

bifore-tellen, v., declare; heuenes shulen 
his rijtwisnes beforetelle [* annuntiabant '] 
WiCL. PS. xxxxix. 6; befortolde (pret,) thi 
rijtwisnesse xxxix. 10. 

bifor-walllnge, -wal, sb., outwork ; [* ante- 
murale*]VJlCL, Is. xxvi. i. 

blfore-wamen, v., warn before; bifom- 
wameden (pret, pi,) ['praemonebant*] WiCL. 
WISD. xviii. 19. 

bifore-weven, v., spread over; the cloudis 
. . . that beforeweuen (pres,) [^praetexunt*] 
alle thingus theraboue WiCL. Job xxxvi. 28. 

bifore-wnten, v., prescribe : as in the law it 
is befom written ^praescriptum* WiCL. 2. 

PARALIP. XXX. 5. 

bi-frapen, v., beat about ; biftoped (pple.) 
Fer. 2987. 

bi-freosen, y,,=M.I/,G, bevriesen; freeze; 
blftoren (pple,) Orm. 13856 ; befrose Gow. 
I. 220. 

bi-fulen, v., 0,E, befylan, = Z>«. bevuilen ; 
befoul, defile, A. R. 128 ; befilin voc. 143 ; 
bevel)> (pres,) ayenb. 178 ; bifoulet (pple!) 
C. L. 1 147. 

big, adj., big, Hav. 1774; Will. 173; Ch. 
C. T. .^4546; PR. c 1460; bigge (pi,) 



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big. 



bi-gimien. 



Langl. Bvi. 216; biggore {compar,) Jos; 
452 ; bigger Gaw. 2101. 
big-li, adv., strongly^ fir^ly^ loudly \ ful 
bigli me haldes A. P. iii. 321 ; bound horn full 
bigli Gaw. 1141, 1162, 1584; Alex. (Sk.) 
1371, 1 138, 423 ; D. Troy 6035. 

big, sb., OM, bygg,=a£:. beow, 0,L.G, beu 
(com)y prov,Eng, big «. ; barley^ VOC. 233. 

bi^, see besih. 

bi-gabben, v.^^Swed, begabba; mock, de- 
ceive : i nam nojt bigabbed Rob. 458. 

bi-38Bte, sb., acquisition, g(^i^i generation, 
product, Orm. 16835 ; for )?aere muchele 
bijaete [bijeate] LA5. 609 ; bi3ete Rob. 65 ; 
P. L. s. xiii. 358 ; REL. I. 265 ; Will. 2303 ; 
p. S. 200 ; biyete MISC. 76 ; bigete GEN. & EX. 
896 ; Ar. & Mer. 1437 ; bi3ete, bijeate A. R. 
154, 166 ; Kath. 472; bijeate H. M. 27 ; beiete 
OCTOV. (W.) 848. CI . /c. i^-$ . >l^(a,^y^. 

bi-gdlen, v., 0,E. begalan, = O.H.G, begalon ; 
enchant', bigdletS (pres.) hom. II. 197; heo 
bigolen (pret.) jjat child mid galdere swi^e 
stronge Laj. 19256. 

bi-galwen, v., ? terrify ; J>at hors was swift as 
ani swalwe no man might J)at hors begalowe 
Ell. ROM. II. 171. 

bigamie, sb., Fr. bigamie; bigamy, gen. & 
EX. 448. 

bi-gan, v., 0,E, bi-, begangan, -gan, = 0.Z.(7. 
bigangan, 0,H.G, pigangan, -gan ; go round: 
mid golde bigon Laj. 7623 ; al J)at )>e sae 
bigSo (pres!) 11200; wo J)e bigo REL. II. 
273 ; be mid watere is bijeonge [bijonge] 
(pple!) Laj. 23702 ; )?a wes J)a welle an an al 
mid attre bigon tainted 19773 ; bigan hom. I. 
149 ; )>e feld with oten was al bigon over-run 
LEG. 34; wel begon R. R. 580; wo was J)is 
wrecched womman \o bigon Ch. C. t. i?9i8 ; 
be er))e it is whiche ever mo wij) mannes 
labour is bego cultivated Gow. 1. 152. 

bi-gdpen, \.,—M,Du, begapen; gape at : fes 
kelser bigdpede (pret.) ham Kath. 1262. 

bi-jelpen, v., boast 0/: hou shulde i thanne 
me beyelpe ... of thi largesse Gow. III. 155 ; 
bijelp Guy 1455. 

bijels, sb., 0,£, bygels ; ^om bujen j arch, 
* (arcus) vel fornix,^ FRAG. 3. 

bi-gemen, v., 0,E, begyman, O.H.G, pi- 
goumen ; observe, take care of, Sax. chr. 
258; blgSmetS (pres:) hom. II. 183. 

bi-genge, sb., 0,E, blgeng; service, worship : 
jif wehis bigenge halda^ hom. I. 119. 

bi-jeonden, -jeonde, -jende, adv. & prep., 
0,E, begeondan ; beyond, Laj. 1231, 2639, 
4884 ; begenden John iii. 26 ; bijonden Orm. 
10603 ; beiondin s. & d. xxix; bijonde Mand. 
I ; bijonde ))e broke A. P. i. 141 ; biionde (ms, 
biyonde) Misc. 145 ; biihonde PR. c. 4458 ; 
beionde Sax. chr. 266 ; bejonde M. H. 78 ; 
bijonde, -jende ROB. 2, 181 ; bijonde, -junde 
Trev. VI 1 1. 81 ; bi3ende an. lit. 5 ; gest. 



R. I ; beiende fe ze AYENB. 165 ; bi^unde 
Brd. 3 ; bijendis WiCL. Mk. iii. 8 ; bijondcs 
WicL. 2 Cor. X. i6. 

bi-3eoten» v., 0,E, begeotan, 0,H,G, pigiuzan ; 
sprinkle', bigoten (PPle,) Jul. 27; bi30ten 
HOM. I. 261. 

bi-gernen, v., 0,E, bigrinian; ensnare; bi- 
gemin (pres, pi,) apol. 64. 

bi-getel, adj., / advantageous : he maden 
swi^e bigetel forward GEN. & EX. 1992. 

bi-^eten, v., O.E, bi-, begitan, -gietan, -gytan, 
*- 0,L,G, bigetan, Goth, bigitan, 0,H,G, pi- 
gezan ; be^et, acquire, HOM. I. 27 ; . bi3eten, 
bijiten, bi3eoten Laj. 434, 1206, 13496 ; 
bi3eten, bi3eoten Kath. 1633 ; bi3iten A. R. 
142 ; bi5ete o. & N. 1629 ; bigeten GEN. & 
EX. 1532; bi3eat (pret,) LA3. 3179; bejaet, 
bejet Sax. chr. 256 ; bi3et a. r. 160 ; ich 
bi3et hit iwriten Marh. 2 ; ))e fader }>at me 
bi3at Brd. 24; bigat Orm. 13986; Will. 
177; (J)u) bigete HOM. II. 29; heo bi3aeten 
LA3. 19366 ; heo bi3eten Rome 7368 ; bi3eten 
(pple,) Orm. 1645; s. s. (Web.) 1066; be- 
ieten Sax. chr. 256; bi3eten, bi3iten LA3. 
4245, 8865 ; beyete ayenb. 130 ; bi3ite P. L. s. 
xxiii. 18; bi3ute Bek. 119; J>at ha beo^ bi- 
3etene Kath. 264. 
begetare, sb., begetter, ^genitor,* PR. P. 28. 
begeting^, sb., begetting, ^genitura, genera* 
tio; PR. p. 28. 

bi-giften, v,, entrust; begifte (pret,) Ocrov. 
(W.) 675. 

biggen, see biig^en. 

biggen, v., 0,N, byggja, byggya ; from buen ; 
build, cultivate, inhabit; bitwenen men to 
biggen (dwell) Orm. 1611 ; biggin ^ cudifico * 
PR. P. 35 ; bigge WiCL. s. w. II. 50; PL. T- 
475; bigge (pres) apol. 71; biggede 
(pret) GEN. & EX. 1137 ; bigged Man. (F.) 
8725 ; planted and bigged PR. c. 4850 ; 
bigged (pple,) Gaw. 20 ; Lidg. m. p. 264 ; 
biggit ANT. Arth. vi. 
bigger, sb,, builder ; biger Flor. 8. 
bigglnge, sb., 0,N, bygging, ; habitation^ 
building, * aedi/idum,* * aedificatio,^ PR. P. 35 ; 
bigging GEN. & EX. 718 ; ISUM. 7S ; bugging 
P. s. 151. 

bi-gplen, v., beguile, Horn (R.) 328 ; bigile 
PR. c. 1264; bigiled (pres,) a. r. 330; 
begileji ayenb. 16 ; bi3uled Kath. 1054 ; 
bigiled (pple.) P. L, S. xiii. 323 ; Langl. 
B xviii. 290 ; bigiled, bi3uled A. R. 268, 270. 
bi-gilere, sb., deceiver ; begilere WiCL. Job 
xli. 16. 

bi-ginnen« v., O.E, beginnan, = 0,L,G, bi- - 
ginnan, 0,H,G, piginnan; begin, Kath. 281 ; 
Orm. 7822 ; biginne Ch. C. t. A^t.; we 
willen biginne ure larspel HOM. I. 75 ; bi- 
ginne, bigunnen LA3. 20739, 28130; bigim- 
nen H. M. 11; bigun}> (pres,) Shor. 71; 
bigan (pret,) Rob. 10; Ch. C. t. Ai^\ 



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bi-ginneiL 



bi-h&wen. 



61 



began hom. I. 219; bigon [bigan] him to 
speken Laj. 25765 ; bigon HOM. I. 43 ; o. & 
K. 13; )»u bigunne hom. II. 85; begonne 
AYENB. 71; Ch. C. t. G 442; bigunnen 

KaTH. 294; GEN. & EX. 536; HaV. lOIl; 

and bigunnen . . . rsesen to somne La;. 27493 ; 
begonnen Mand. 41 ; bigonne Bek. 527 ; 
bigunnen (pp/e.) Jul. 28 ; Orm. 7823 ; pr. 
C 6476 ; begonnen Mand. 40 ; bigonne 
Shor. 58. 

biginnare» sh^ = M.JLG, beginner; fie- 
^nner\ biginner A. P. i. 436; b^nnare PR. 
P. 28. 

biginninge, sb., M,H,G. beginnunge; be- 

finnin^y Kath. 290; biginning Orm. 706; 
iginninge, biginnunge A. R. 54, 206; bi- 

ginnunge Jul. 27. 
tn-gmnen, v.^ deceive ; biginne Misc. 79 ; c. 

M. 388a 
tngliy adj. & adv., 0,N, byggiligr; inhabitable; 

pleasant; greats big\ bigli blis Flor. 1681 ; 

bigli landis 220 ; bigli bild A. P. i. 962 ; bigli 

and swi]>e Jos. 571 ; see also under big. 
bi-glide, v., 0£, beglidan ; creep past ^ spec 

87. 
In-gluecU pple., caught with birdlime^ LiDG. 

M. p. 115. 
t>i-grftden, v., cry out against \ bigrede o. & 

N. 1413; bigraden hom. II. 173; bigrSdeS 

(pres,) hom. II. 69; begrddde {pret,) M. 

Arth. 1812; bigradde o. & N. 1144; bi- 

gradden wept Alis. 5175; blgrid {pple,) S. S. 

(Web.) 1518. 
bi-grdyen, v., 0,E, bi-, begrafan, = O./T.C^. 

bigraban ; bury ; bigr&ven (pple,) Ar. & 

Mbr. 98 ; be^ve Gow. I. 189 ; (engraved) 

I. 127. 
l>i-gnpen» v., 0,E, begripan,= (?./v7>. bignpa, 

OJI.G. begrifen ; apprehend, comprehend, 

reprehend, rel. 1. 220 ; begripe Pall. ii. 278 ; 

begripe|> {pres,) Gow. III. 102; & ec 

Farisewishe men bigr&p (pret,) he bus wij) 

worde Orm. 9754 ; sant Johan hafde \e king 

tyigripen (ppU,) of his sinne 19857; mid 

senne b^[ripe hom. I. 237. 
bi-grippen, y,,=M,H,G, begripfen; grip, 

seise ; bigripte (pret,) Gaw. 214. 
bi-grdwen, \,,grow around; begrdwe (pple,) 

Gow. II. 358 ; was mid ivi al bigrowe o. & N. 

27. 
bi-gmcohen, v., grumble at; bi-gmoohe)> 

(prts,) Langl. a vii. 62. 
bi)t» sb., 0,E, byht; from bti^en; bi^ht, 

bending, rel. I. 190; J)e bi3t of ^e jjijes 

Gaw. 1349 ; see bo^t. 
bi-g&rdel, sb., 0,E, bi-, biggyrdel,=a/^m. 

bigerdel, O.H,G, pTgurtel ; ^rdle, A. R. 124 ; 

l^girdles (pi,) Langl. A viii. 87 ; bigerdlen 

idat.pL) Mat. X.9. 
bi-gfirden, v., 0,E, htgyrdsai,^O.I/.G, bigur- 

ttm ; begird ; bigurt j^es,) a. r. 378 ; bi- 



gerte (pret,) Shor. 51 ; blgirt (pple,) Hal- 
uw. 174. 

bi-babben, v., behave; behave Flor. 1567. 
behaving, sb., behaviour, Mer. 49. 

bi-h8B8, bih*st, sb., 0,E, behses/ ; behest, pro- 
mise, hom. 1 1. 61 ; bihas Alis. 7840* ; bihaeste, 
biheste LA5. 1263, 1875 1 ; biheste HOM. 1. 33 ; 
A. R. 208; Bek. 1406; Ch. C. t. B^i; 
beheste ayenb. 225. 

bi-h&Bten, v., from bih^bst ; promise ; bi- 
hastest (^^x.) hom. 1. 185 ; behested (pple,) 
LiDG. BOCH. in N. E. D. 

bi-ha^e, sb., - 0,Fris. bihach, M,Du, behaegh, 
M.H,G, behage /. ; f pleasure ; bi his biha^e 
HOM. I. 137. 

bi-hf^ien, \,,^0,L,G, bihagon, 0,Fris, bi- 
hagia; f please; biha^etS (pres,) HOM. I. 135. 

bi-half, sb.,/^r half ; behalf: on mi behalf 
(dat.) Ch. Tro. ii. 1458; on goddes behalve 
Mand. 225; in J)e kinges bihalf (v, r, half) 
Trev. VIII. 347. 

bi-balven, v., -= 0,H,G, behalben ; surround; 
bihalve Hav, 1834; bihalven (pres) gen. 
& EX. 3355. 

bi-hangieny v., hang round \ bihonge Alis. 
758 ; bihonged (ppTe,) La^ 20125 ; behonged 
Will. 5015. 

bi-bat, sb., 0,E, behSt, - 0±,G, bihet, 0,H,G, 
piheiz ; promise ; behftte (dat) hom. I. 225 ; 
bih&tes (pL) HOM. I. 89 ; behotes PS. cxv. 
14. 

bi-h&ten, v., (9.^.behatan,= 0.//;<P. piheizan ; 
promise, HOM. I. 25 ; Laj. 18396 ; bihoten 
A. R. 6; behoten WiCL. i. paral. xxix. 9; 
behotin PR. P. 29; behote, bihote (pres) 
Langl. Av, 235 ; behote, bihoote, biheete 
Ch. C. t. -4 1854; behet(e) mir. pl. 15; 
bihate^ LA5. 20626 ; bihat hom. I. 39 ; A. R. 
6 ; behat, behot ayenb. 64, 97 ; (je) bihate6 
La^. 12487 ; (heo) bihote^ A. R. 430 ; bihdt 
(pret) HOM. I. 99; Kath. 415 ; a. r. 176; 
Orm. 5574 ; gen. & ex. 1884 ; Horn (L.) 
470 ; Bek. ioio ; biheihte [behehte] Laj. 
1263 ; beheighte MiR. PL. 20 ; bihi3te Langl. 
As. 47 ; WiCL. GEN. xxxviii. 23 ; (Jm) bi- 
hete Laj. 18925; H. H. 197 (199); behete 
Fer. 1402; bihet Orm. 7621 ; ie bihighten 
Ch. C. t. -F1327 ; (heo) bihaeten Laj. 5165 ; 
bihete R. s. v; p. L. s. xvi. 164; bih&ten 
(pple) Kath. 756; Orm. 13823; bihoten 
A. R. 182; Hav. 564; bihote o. & n. 1745; 
Gow. II. 28; WiCL. Rom. i. 2; bihiht 
SPEC 37. 

bi-hetere, sb., promiser^ WiCL. 2 Mac. x. 
28 ; biheter Heb. vii. 22. 
behotinge, sh,,^ 0,I/,G, piheizunga; pro- 
mise, AYENB. 207. 

bi-h4tien, \,,^M,L,G, behaten; hate; bi- 
hdted (pple) Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (75) ; bihatid 
h. v. 89. 

bi-h&wes, v., OJE:. bchawian ; look at^ behold^ 



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62 



bi-hdafdin. 



bi-hMen. 



J)c folk to bihowc MAN. (F.) 11165 ; behftwe 
(imper,) Mat. vii. 5. 

bi-heafdin, v., 0,E. beheafdian, = i^./f.6^. 
behoubeten; bekeady]Vl., ^i ; biheifden Kath. 
3273 ; bihafdi LA5. 26296 ; behofdede {pret,) 
Mat. xiv. 10; biheaveded (pple,) misc. 
154 ; biheveded P. L. S. xv. 171 ; biheveded, 
bihedid WiCL. Lk. ix. 9. 
bihefdnnge, sb., OJS. biheafdung ; behead- 
ingf A. R. 184. 

bi-healden, bibdlden, v., 0,E, bi-, beheal- 
dan, Q,L,G, bihaldan, 0./f.6.pihaltan ; behold, 
hold, HOM. II. 35; bihalden Orm. 15663; 
bihalde Iw. 1426 ; biholden A. R. 54 ; bihalde, 
biholde O. & N. 71, 1325 ; bihelde S. s. (Web.) 
744; be alle weren eate(l)liche to bihaldene 
HOM. 1.41 ; bih&ldeS (pres,) LA3.21322 ; bihalt 
A. R. 214 ; )>e pater noster bihalt (avails) me 
noht HOM. I. 65 ; hwet bihalt {signifies) . . . 
J)et tu ne buhest to me M arh. 7 ; we mu^hen 
sen what it bihalt Orm. 13408 ; behalt WiCL. 
Job xxxix. 29 ; bilUQd [attend) unto mi 
bede stevene PS. v. 3 ; biheold {pret.) Kath. 
744 ; hit naht ne beheld {availed) Sax. chr. 
250; biheeld Langl. (Wr.) 25; bihuld Bek. 
710; biheolden, bihulden Laj. 5737, 26321; 
bihielden HOM. II. 23 ; biheiden Kath. 741 ; 
behdlden {pple,) Mand. 13; E. T. 358; i 
am beholde {obliged) Gow. III. 354. 
behdlderoy sb.; beholder^ * inspector,* pr. p. 
28. 

bihAldiingey sb., beholding, Marh. 14; 
biholdunge A. R. 52; beholdmge ^inspectio* 
PR. P. 28. 

bi-heawen, v., 0,E. bi-, beheawan, = 0./^.6^. 
pihauwan ; hew around ; bihewe {pple,) 
LEG. 46. 

bi-heden, v., » O.H.G, behuotan ; guard, ob- 
serve, prevent : hwat can ))at ^ongling hit 
bihede jif hit misde)» hit mot nede o. & N. 
635 ; bihede {pret.) REL. II. 225 ; his nest 
no3t wel he ne bihedde o. & N. 102 ; )« king 
hit wel bihedde La^. 19046 ; \o\x art mis 
bihM {pple.) LEG. 17. 

bi-h^lden* v., wash by pouring', wi¥ hale- 
wende wattres biheolden ham alle Kath. 
1400. 

bi-helien, v., O.E. bi-, behelian, » O.L.G. bi- 
helian, O.H.G. pihellen ; cover ; al |)es world 
is biheled {pple.) mid hej)ene hode MISC. 91 ; 
behelid RICH. 5586. 

bi-hemmen« v., hem round \ bihemmen and 
bilegge O. & N. 672. 

bi-hengen, v., = Ger. beheneen; hang round: 
bihenged {pret.) al wi)> belles Orm. 951. 

biheten, see bih&ten. 

bi-heve, adj., O.E. behefe ; profitable, hom. I. 
213, II. 7; bihevest {super I.) a. r. 298; 
comp. tm-biheve. 

bi-beve, sb., fO.E. behefe; profit; moni uvel 
ich iseo J)er inne & none biheve A. R. 96; 



biheve, biheeve c L. 1425 ; to hare biheve 

{printed byhovc) s. S. (Wr.) 2301. 
bi-hi^n, v., make haste ; bihi;e {imp.) c M. 

5087 ; bihide {pret.) s. S. (Wr.) 952. 
bi-hinden, adv. & prep., O.E. 1>eh]ndan,« 

O.L.G. bihindan ; behind, FRAG. 8 ; HOM. I. 

143 ; Jul. 49 ; Orm. 401 ; Bek. 1374 ; Ar. 

& Mer. 331 ; bihinden [bihinde] LA5. 439 ; 

jif he loke bihinden [bihinde] him Ch. Boet. 

iii. 12 (108); bihinde REL. I. 183; hwo li)> 

bihinde o. & N. 528 ; bihinde ))e bure 937 ; 

behinde ayenb. 130; bihindis WiCL. Phil. 

iii. 13- 
bi-hof, sb., O.E. behof, = O.Fris., M.L.G. be- 

hof, M.H.G. behuof; behoof, profit, use; bi- 

hove [bihofe] {dat.) LA3. 1050; bihove Hav. 

1764; tohisowenebihoveA. R.70; to ore aire 

bihove REL. 1. 173 (misc 108) ; bi-, behove C M. 

7100; serve)) to our behove trans. XIX. 330. 
behof-fol, adj., profitable, HIST. Edw. 13; 

WiCL. PS. cxliv. 15. 
behof-lich, adj., O.E. behoflic; profitable; 

behoveli * opportunus * PR. p. 29 ; Ch. Tro. 

ii. 261 ; Kath.2 90. 
behdf-sam, adj., profitable, AYENB, 99 ; bi- 

hovesum Ar. & Mer. 2804. 
bi-hofien, v., O.E. bi-, behofian, = O.Fris. bi- 

hovia; beho7/e; bihoven [^oportere*] WiCL. 

wiSD. XV. 12; bihofe}> {pres.) Orm. 16706; bi* 

hove^ HOM. 1. 83 ; Laj. 945 ; {ms. biou^) GEN. 

& ex. 1159 ; bihove)) Langl. ^xvii. 313; hem 

bihove)) muche mete RoB. 177 ; ))e bihovej) 

godes helpe Shor. 95 ; behove^ AYENB. 58 ; 

behovi)) ToR. 162 ; bi-, behoves WILL. 729, 

2349; behoves I w. 3022; S. S. (Wr.) 1 545; 

tz ne be(h)ofia% nanre dedbote HOM. I. 245 ; 
ihofede, bihovede {pret.) La^. 657, 1081 ; 

bihovede A. R. 394 ; Jul. 50 ; hir bihoved per 

to bide Perc. 2228. 
bi-ho^, adj.,« M.L.G. behovig, M.H.G. be- 

\i\xo{^Q(egenus)\ f profitable; hwet is elde bi- 

hovig HOM. II. 109. 
bi-hofSe, sb., - O.Fris., M.L.G. behofre; use^ 

HOM. I. 19; bihof))e Rob. 26; {ms. biof))e) 

La?. 4378* ; bihof))e, bihefthe, bihofte Langl. 

Cxiii. 187; bihofte {m^. biofte) GEN. & EX. 

1408. 
bi-bo^ieiiy v., O.E. behogian ; care for ; ))e 

laverd seal bihoh^ian \tX, he habbe godes ful- 

tum HOM. I. 113; heore gode wepnen wui^- 

liche biho^eden {pret.pl.) Laj. 17369. 
bi-hon, v., OX. hehon,^ O.H.G. pihahan ; 

clothe ; mid gode raeve bihon Laj. 5620 ; bi- 

hengen (pret.) hom. II. 89; bihangen* 

-hongen {pple.) La;. 3637, 24465, 

bi-hoi3en, v., defile; behorewed (pple.) 

AYENB. 237. 
bi-biinen, v., touch, fall upon ; birine Horn 

(L.)ii. 

bi-huden, v., O.E. bi-, behydan, O.H.G. be- 
huotan; conceal; bihut {pres.) HOM. I. 109; 



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bi-hiimen. 



bi-ld036n« 



63 



bihSd {imper.) REL. I. 177 ; bihude (subj,) 
fiOM. I. 109 ; behddde (pret.) Mat. xxv. 25 ; 
bihSded {ppU.) FRAG. 7 ; bihud A. R. 100. 

bi-hitmeiiy v., hide in a comer \ bihenie)> 
(fires, pi.) PL. CR. 642. 

M-jipOy v., make sport o/y Gow. III. 167 ; bl- 
Jftpe|> (pres.) PL. CR. 46; bjj&ped, bejaped 
(fp/e.) Ch. C. t. AisSs; god wil nou3t be 
bigiled . . . ne bijaped Lamgl. B xviii. 290. 

bike, sb., dee^s nest, c. M. 76 ; GOL. & Gaw. 
406; a bike of waspes Haluw. 175 ; as 
bees dos in the bike Townl. 325. 

bi-kemen, v., fgrow faint ; bikdmet (pple.) 
Kath. 1298*. 

bi-kennen, v., » 0,H,G, bechennan ; indicatey 
consign \ bikenne Man. (H.) 274; bikenne 
(pres,) Langl. A ii. 32; i bikenne jou to krist 
Will. 5424 ; J>at bikenneth J>at croiz Hav. 
1268; bikende (pni.) Gaw. 596; bekende 
D. Arth. 2340 ; his modir in keping to )>e he 
bekende Halliw. 160. 

bi-kennen, v., for ^e-kennen; t beget \ 
bikenned (ppie,) rel. I. 234. 

bi-keorven, v., 0,E, beceorfan,= O.Fris, bi- 
kerva; amputate^ JUL. 67 ; bikorven (pple.) 
a. r. 362; alle weren . . . hefdes bicorven 
Marh. 19. 

biker, sb., Lot. bicarium, 0,N, bikarr, = O.Z.6^. 
biker, O.H.G, becher; beaker^ * cymbium,* PR. 

biker, sb., JigAt, Roa 538 ; Ch. l. g. w. 
2659; [zf. r. beker, bikre, bikkir] Man. (F.) 
9234; bikir *pugna* PR. P. 35 ; AUS. 1661. 

Irikerin, v., mod.Eng. bicker ; ^gAt^ 'pugno,* 
PR. P. 36 ; bikerc Man. (H.) 256 ; beker 
ANT. Arth. iv; bikere (pres,) Langl. 
^uLyS; bekerde (pret,) D. Arth. 2096. 
bikering, sb., bickering, Rob. 540 ; Alis.' 
(Sk.) 390. 

bil, sb., 0,E, bil, bil!, = (9.Z.a, M,H.G, bil, 
moiLEng, bill (axe) ; sword, axe, pickaxe, p. s. 
151 ; w. & I. 37 ; bill Iw. 3225 ; bille * ligo, 
marra * PR. P. 36 ; billes (pi.) Alis. 1624 ; 
comp, twi-biL 
bil-ibdat, sb., conflict of swords, La^. 1740. 

bi-laoohen, v., ccUch ; bilsuote (pret,) Horn 
(H.) 681 ; bilagt (ppie,) GEN. & ex. 773. 

bi-l&den, v., OJ^.belaedan, = O.H,G, pileitan; 
t conduct, treat; and wel narewe J>e bilede)> 
O. & N. 68 ; wes uvele bildd (ppie,) MISC. 45 ; 
lodliche was bilad C L. 11 36; bilad (iead 
astray) ALEX.* (Sk.) 906. 

bi-lsfen, -Iffiven, v., 0,E. belaefan, Goth, bi- 
laibjan ; reiinquish, remain, LA3. 1055, 2254, 
19777 ; bileafen frag. 7 ; bileaven ^ sunne 
A. R. 340; bilefen Orm. 8380; )>ei . . . shule 
wij) Satanas bileven H. H. 232 (236) ; bileve 
JloB. 14; s. s. (Wr.) 48; Will. 2577 ; Min. 
10 ; bi-, beleve Ch. C. t. F583 ; bileve, -leave 
a & N. 464, 1688 ; blevin PR. P. 39 ; J)er he 
6scl blcve AYENB. 172 ; bilef (imper.) Bek. 



141 ; biiefde, bilaefde (pret.) La^ 389, 1613 ; 
bilefde A. R. 372 ; bilefte Degr. 1885 ; bileaf- 
den HOM. I. 93 ; bileuid MiN. iii. 66; blefede 
OCTOV. (W.) 507 ; blefte ayenb. 12 ; bel&fed 
(ppie.) FRAG. 6; bilefed Orm. 8914; bileved 
HOM. I. 81 ; Alis. 5310 ; bileaved A. R. 168. 
bi-lfiflng, sb., remaining; patience^ per- 
severance ; bileveing Ar. & Mer. 801 1 ; 
blevinge ayenb. 72. 

bi-leeve, sb., f remnant; blldven (pi.) GEN. & 
ex. 3154. 

bi-leewen, v., O.E. belaewan; betray; be- 
lewen HOM. I. 229; beleawan Mat. xxvi. 
16. 

bi-laggen, v., dog with mud; bilagged (ppie) 
* esciabot^* yoc. 173; belaggid ^madiaaius* 
PR. p. 29. 

bi-langen, v., = M.Du. belanghen ; beiong; be- 
longe Gow. II. 351 ; belonge)> (pres.) ayenb. 
12; wat belongeth hit to me MISC. 29; be- 
longe)> Langl. C ii. 43 ; bilongende (ppie.) 
Gaw. I. 121. 

bi-lappen, v., wrap about ; bilapped (ppie,) 

OR^L 14^67 ; s. s. (Web.) 2210 ; Am. & Amil. 

1014 ; hit is bilepped & bihud A. R. 100. 
bi-lasten, v., t 0,E, behlaestan ; / charge ; 

belaat (ppie,) Haluw. 161. 
bi-14ven, v., wash aii overi bildved (ppie.) 

mid blode Misc 140. 
bild, see biUd. bile, see bSle. 
bile, sb., (XE. bile ; biii, beak, A. R. 84 ; HOM. 

II. 49; o. & N. 79; rel. I. 210; P. s. 333; 

Trev. V. 291 ; bile, bille Langl. Bx\. 349; 

Ch. C. T. ^4051; bille Gow. II. 106; S. S. 

(Wr.) 2196. 
bil-f5der, sb., t food for young birds, pro* 

vender, Will. 81 ; bilfodur 1849. 
bi-leafe, sb., for ^elgafe; beiief hom. I. loi ; 

bileave A. R. 2 ; Shor. 142 ; beleave, beliave 

MISC. 27; bileave, beleave ayenb. 12, 14; 

bileve Bek. 30 ; bileve, bileeve Ch. C. t. A 

3456; beleve Mand. 131; r^xfi/. un-bildaTe. 
bildf-ful, adj., HOM. II. 19. 
bi-lean, v., O.E. belean ; prohibit, hinder by 

biame : for to bileande )>at no man werpe )>e 

gilt . . . anuppen god hom^. II. 107. 
bi-leggen, v., O.E. bilecgan, O.H.G, pileggan; 

iay round, surround, besiege ; bilegge (gioze) 

O. & N. 672 ; & ]»us )>a wordes we bileggeo 

(expiain) HOM. I. 57 ; bile(i;de (pret,) La^. 

14223 ; ))e baere was bilejd (ppie.) wij> bseten 

gold Orm. 8167. 

bi-lenge, adj., ffor ^eleng^ ; beionging, re- 
iated to, Orm. 2230. 

bi-leo^en, v., O.E. beleogan, - O.H.G, beliu- 
gan ; beiie, caiumniate ; bilie Langl. -5 v. 414; 
biliveth x. 22 ; witnesses false and fele bi- 
lowen (pret. pi.) hine Shor. 84 ; bilowen 
{ppie.) Langl. B ii. 22 ; & te sakelease ofte 
bilowen A. R. 68. 



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bi-ldovien. 



bi-m^en. 



bi-l§ovien, v.,=G^^. belieben; love, delight 

in : & J>is wel bileovede (ffor bilovede) Laj. 

5204. 
bi-lesnien, v. cf, leas {falsehood); delude; )>us 

)>e deofel wule bilesnien )>e wreche HOM. I. 23. 
bi-leveiiy v. for ^eleven; believe \ beleven 

Misc 56; beleve ayenb. 151; Mand. 53; 

bclive Fer. 398 ; ich bil§ve (pres,) on god 

HOM. 1. 217; (we) blHveS La^. 13966 ; beleve 

we MISC. 28 ; bileving three kings 2 ; bl- 

lefde {preL) LA3. 2856*; biJufde 13415; bi- 

lefden hom. I. 19 ; leb. Jes. 397 ; belevit 

{expected) D. Troy 10919. 
beleevable, adj., credibUy WiCL. PS. xcii. 5. 
bi-levinge, sb., cf bi-Uve ; means of living, 

food\ he het heom . . . heore in and heore 

bilevinge greij>i fat heo schulde Misa 84. 
bile-wit, adj., 0,E, bilewit ; simple, innocent ; 

bilehwit HOM. I. 95; Marh. 22; bilewhit 

Orm. 6654 ; bilewitte {pL) hom. I. 223. 
blLe-hwitnesBe, sb., simplicity, HOM. I. 95. 
bilibre, sb., Lat. billbra ; weight of two 

pounds, WiCL. APOC vi. 6. 
bi-Liggen, v., 0,E, belicgan, = O.H.G, piliggan ; 

lie by, lie about, lie with, La^. 506; \^ six 

werkes . . . )>e bilige to nihte rel. I. 132 ; 

bilai {pret,) Rob. 19 ; bilaei [bilai] J>a burh 

La^. 9433; J>at bilai {appertained) to his 

kinedom c L. 286 ; bilein (pple.) SPEC. 46 ; 

belein Gow. I. 338; his doughtir J>at was 

bilain Rich, i i 19. 
bi-li^e, y,^0,E. bihlehhan, -hlyhhan ; laugh at, 

p. L. S. xix. 235 ; biloj {pret,) P. L. S. xiii. 358 ; 

Shor. 102 ; bilowe Rob. 299 ; bilaute Horn 

(L.) 681. 
bi-lihteny v., illumine : godes brihtnesse bi- 

lihte hem hom. II. 31. 
bi-liken, v., simulate, feign j biliked {pple,) 

O. & N. 842. 
bi-limien, v., dismember, La^. 29364 ; bilime 

Rob. 301 ; bilimeS {pres,) Kath. 2160 ; a. 

R. 360; billmeden {pret,) Ar. & Mer. 5775 ; 

bilimed {pple,) Bek. 560. 
bi-limi>en» v., 0,E, belirapan ; happen, pertain 

to, Orm. 1 1085 ; bllimpeS (pres,) hom. 1. 5 1 ; 

to Mercene lawe bilimpe)> viii schiren Misa 

146; bilimpes REL. I. 216; belamp {pret,) 

HOM. I. 219 ; bilumpen {pple,) Orm. 2905. 
bi-live, sb., 0,E, bigleofa, = O.H.G. pllibi ; 

livelihood, means of living, Rob. 496 ; bilive, 

-leve HOM. II. 27, 99 ; bilif Langl. ^xix. 230 

(Cxxii. 235) ; bileove A. R. 168. 
bi-liTen, v., O.E. belifan, = O.H.G. pi-, be- 

liban, mod.G. bleiben ; remain ; bilive rel. I. 

274 ; belfidt bel^f, beleaf {pret) Sax. chr. 

257, 259 ; 5ho bilaef wij> hire frend Orm. 2391 ; 

bilefGEN. & EX.671. 
bille, sb., O.Fr. bulle, from Lot. bulla; 

bill, note, Langl. ^ iv. 34 ; Ch. C. T. C170 ; 

biUes [* libellos'] Trev. V. 144. 
bille, v., enter {in a bill^ etc.) ; libel^ P. P. II. 



228 ; pardoun in book is billed {pple.) L. H. R. 

138. 
billen, v., bill, peck with the beak, * rostra,* 

PR. P. 36; biUeS {pres.) rel. I. 210; billid 

{pple.) DEP. R. iii. 37. 

billing, sh., pecking, rel. I. 218 (misc 13). 
billet, sb., small note; bilet [v. r. bille] 

* matricula * PR. P. 36. 

billet, sb., piece of wood; bilet ^tedula* 
PR. P. 36. 
billin, y.,=Af.H.G. biUen; hack with abill^ 

* marro,' PR. P. 36. 

bi-loken, v., look at, look about, Orm. 2917 ; 
beloken hom. II. yy ; bildkeS {pres.) a. r. 
132 ; biloken REL. I. 220 ; beloked {pple.) 
OCTOV. (W.) 1046. 

bi-long, adj.,= C^.Z.G". bilang; pertaining; 
^ reching wur^ on God biiong gen. & EX. 
2058. 

bi-looghe, see under Ifth. 

bi-luken, v., O.E. bi-, belucan, « OJL.G. bi- 
lucan, O.H.G. piluchan ; shut in, close around, 
REL. 1. 183 (misc 129) ; bilouken Shor. 121; 
biloke Fer. 2127 ; bilukeS {pres.) H. M. 37 ; 
biluc^ FRAG. I ; biluken Orm. 12126 ; belSao 
{pret.) HOM. I. 225 ; bilek o. & N. 1081 ; bi- 
loken {pple.) A. R. 160 ; R. s. vii ; REL. 1. 184 ; 
biiokenn Orm. hi 86; biloke C L. 992; be- 
loke ayenb. 97. 

bi-liirten, v., deceive; bilirten rel. I. 217 
(misc. 13) ; GEN. & EX. 316; bilurt {pple.) 
A. R. 280* {v. r. bichard). 

bi-luvien, v. impers., delight, please ; 5ef ham 
biluveS {pres.) to heren him HOM. L 257; jif 
hit eow bilove^ La^. 989 ; jif . . je alle biluvien 
gode mine lare 921 ; ^ef me swa biluvede 
(pret.) Jul. 24; alle hit biluveden La^. 1013 ; 
beloved (pple.) Gow. II. 273 ; Langl. ^ iii. 
211 ; he was bet biloved P. L. S. xxiv. 33 ; so 
wel biloved [beloved] Ch. C. t. A 1429. 

bi-m»nen, v., O.E. h\mabmxi, = O.H.G. pi- 
meinen ; bemoan ; mean, signify : mid ]»ine 
mu)>e bimaenen ]»ine neode frag. 8 ; bimenen 
REL. 1. 1 74 (misc. 115); sunne bimenen (moan) 
HOM. I. 13 ; bimene RoB. 490 ; M. Arth. 856 ; 
wat mai this bimene (mean) Hav. 1259; bi- 
meneS (pres.) gen. & ex. 2226 ; wat)>is mon- 
taigne bimeneth [bemene)>] Langl. Ax. \; 

- )>er fore we ne bimene)> )>e nojt Bek. 983 ; men 
. . . bimenef goode metejiveres and in minde 
have)> Langl. B xv. 143 ; bimdnte (pret) 
Langl. ^xviii. 18; hi bimende p. l. s. xvii. 
426 ; gie is moche bemoonid (pple.) of ^(e) 
Halliw. 163. 

bi-malen, v., from O.E. mftl (spot, mole) ; 
soil, sully, bimolen Langl. B xiv. 4. 

bi-mang, see under mang. 

bi-maxmen, v., *= M.H.G. bemannen ; man, 

furnish with men : ]»ah an castel beo wel 
bemo]i(n)ed (pple.) hom. I. 23. 

bi-m&sen, v^ confuse \ bimAaed {pple^ A. lu 



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bi-melden. 



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65 



270 ; and lefte us liinge . . . al bemased in a 
soune Chest. II. 93, 

bi-melden^ v.,^Ger, bemelden; denounce \ 
bimelde (pres. subj,) an. lit. 3. 

bi-men, ^.yjrom bimAnen ; complaint^ gen. 
& EX. 2894. 

bi-moderen, y.,=M.Du. bemoderen; cover 
with dirt ; bimodered (pple,) P. S. 158. 

bi-mowe^ v., make a scornful srimacey apol. 
81 ; the lord schal bemowe them WiCL. PS. 
ii. 4 ; blmowiden (pret,pl,) WiCL. 2 paral. 
XXX. 10. 

bi-mumeny v., 0,E, bi-, bemuman ; bemoum ; 
bimumeS (pres.) hom. I. 149; II. 23; bl- 
mnmeden (pret,) hom. I. 155 ; bimorneden 
WiCL. Lk. xxiii. 27; bemoumet D. Troy 
3279- 

binacley sh,, pinnacle. Rich. 4150. 

M-n&mey sb., = M.H.G. blname ; byname, 
cognomen ; bin^bnes (pi.) Ch. Boet. iii. 9 
(84). 

bindOy sb., O.iE". binde,=0./r.(7. binta; any- 
thing that binds; bine, stem of climbing plant; 
rib^m ; PR. P. 36 ; A. P. iii. 444 ; comp, 
wude-binde. 

bind-balk(e), ^,,^Ger, bindebalken; //>- 
beam, * traffecula^ VOC. 203. 

binden, v., O.E. bindan,=(9.Z.G^., Goth, bin- 
dan, OJ^ris., 0,N, binda, 0,H.G. bintan, 
pintan; bind, Laj: 18458; Hav. 1961 ; to 
bindene HOM. I. 37 ; blnde)> (pres,) spec 
104; bint A. R. 6; ayenb. 33; Ch. compl. 
M. 47; bind (imper,) Jul. 37 ; band (pret,) 
Iw. 1776; band, bond Ch. C. t. ^4082; 
bond LA3. 767; Hay. 537; treat. 136; 
bond his wunden HOM. I. 79 ; bond, bounde 
WiCL. JER. xxxix. 7 ; Mat. xiv. 3 ; bounde 
N. p. 20 ; luvc bonde hire gen. & EX. 2692 ; 
btinden (pret.pL) LA3. 10006; Orm. 15820 ; 
summe }fcr weren j^et his e^an bundan 
HOM. I. 121 ; bunden, bounden Hav. 2442, 
2506; bounden Will. 1219; bonde Rob. 
126; bunden (pple,) hom. II. 11; Hav. 
1428; Iw. 289; Man. (H.) 138; bunden, 
bonden PR. c 3208, 3210; bounden H. H. 
53; Ch. C. t. ^704; WiCL. John xi. 44; 
bounde Will. 2091 ; bonden Will. 2238 ; 
Perc 1830; comp. for-y ^e-, un-binden; 
deriv, binde, band, bend, 
bindere, sb., (9.j?.bindere; binder \ binderes 
(//.) Hay. 2050 ; comp. bok-binder. 
bindunge, sb., binding, HOM. I. 207 ; bind- 
inge 'ligatio^ PR. P. 36; WiCL. S. w. III. 
481. 

bi-neden, v. 'xm^rs.,- M,H.G. benoeten; 
need', to mine gode nebeniedeS )>e ^bonorum 
fneorum non indiges* hom. I. 217. 
bi-neoSen, adv. & prep., O.E. beneo¥an, 
-ny^San, = (? J^fxr. binetha, binitha; beneath, 
A. R. 304; Jul. 56; bineo¥en, -neo^ [bi- 
neojc, benijie] LA3. 1325, 14985 ; bineofen. 



-ne)?en C. L. 1304 ; bineben P. L. S. viii. 44 ; 

Orm. 10729 ; her bine¥en gen. & ex. 10 ; 

benefen Mand. 158; bine))en, -ne))e WiCL. 

gen. vi. 16; bine))c treat. 132; bene}>e 

AYENB. 108 ; binijie Fer. 3260. 
bingy sb., (9 JV. bingr ; heap, * cumera,* PR. P. 

36 ; M. H. 97. 
bi-nimen, v., O.E., bi-, beniman,=6>.Z.G^. 

biniman, ^^M.biniman, OJI.G. pi-, beneman ; 

tahe away, A. R. 194 ; CHR.E. 292 ; binimen )>e 

)}ine rihte La^. 3694 ; binimen, -nime P. L. S. 

viii. 24 ; binime Bek. 1008 ; WiCL. ECCLUS. 

xxviii. 10; bi-, benime C. L. 1054; ayenb. 

39> 59 > binime, -neme Trev. I. 73 ; bineme 

(pres.) MISC. 32 ; binim (imper.) s. S. (Wr.) 

705 ; bineome (subj.) hom. I. 24^ ; binam 

(pret.) Trev. IV. 143 ; binam, bmom LA5. 

15989, 26112 ; binomen LA5. 215 ; Misc. 56 ; 

blnumen (pple.) frag. 7; Orm. 7299 ; gen. 

& ex. 198 ; binume O. & N. 1226 ; binomen, 

-nome' Langl. ^iii. 312; benomen R. R. 

1509 ; binomen (benumbed) c M. 22829. 
binne, sb., O.E. binn (manger), O.Fr. benne 

(basket) ; bin, manger, chest, Uapsa^ VOC. 180 ; 

L. h. r. 145 ; Ch. C. t. A 593 ; fram ))are 

binne \^ a prcusepio^^ LK. xiii. 15 ; in a bestis 

binne LUD. Cov. 159. 
binnen, adv. & prep., O.E. binnan, beinnan^ 

= M.L.G., M.Du. binnen; for bi-lnnen ; 

within, Sax. CHR. 249 ; Orm. 6292 ; GEN. & 

EX. 1032; REL. I. 182; binnen heo iwenden 

LA5. 5920 ; binnen lut jearen 221 ; binne Hay. 

584 ; Shor. 40 ; Man. (H.) 7457. 
bin-ward, adv., within, La^. 30773. 
bi-n6teny v., use ; ben6te)> (pres.) ayenb. 90. 
bi-pa)>y sb., bypath, med. 486 ; bipath Lidg. 

M. P. 114. 
bi-peohen, v., O.E. bepsecan; deceive, LA3. 

5301 ; REL. I. 180 ; bipeche misc. 72 ; P. L. S. 

V (a). 10; bipehte (pret.) HOM. I. 91, II. 

191 ; blp§i3t (pple.) P. L. S. v (b). 22 ; be- 

paht Sax. chr. 260; we beo^ . . . bipahte 

R. s. V (MISC. 176). 

bipeohing, sb., deception, hom. II. 213. 
bi-pennen, v., pen up, shut in ; bipenned 

(pple.) A. R. 94. 
bi-pilien, v., peel; blpiled (pple.) A. R. 148. 

bipilimge, sh., peeling, A. R. 148. 
bi-preonen, v., O.E. beprenan ; pin up ; bi- 

preone)> (pres,) misc. ioi. 
bi-qvaschiny v., be shivered in pieces ; bi- 

qvashed (pret.) Langl. -5 xviii. 246. 
biqyeste, see bicweste. biqvide, see 

bicwide. 
biPy see biir. 
bi-rseden [bireaden], v., O.E. beraeden,- 

M.H.G. beraten ; advise, deliberate, Laj. 

31072; birede M. T. 98 ; hvo )>et wille wisliche 

him berede ayenb. 172 ; bir§de (pres. subj,) 

misc. 78; bipSdde (pret.) Shor. 124; bi- 



F 



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66 



birche. 



bi-schlne. 



radde, bireadde Kath. 1237 ; biradden 
CHR. E. 40 ; bir&d (///?.) SPEC. 41 (a. d. 
185). 

birohey sb., O.E. beorc, hyTC,=Af,Du, berk, 
O.H.G, bircha, pircha, 0.N, biork /. ; dircA, 
PR. P. 36; birche, berche Ch. C. t. A 2921 ; 
burche voc. 181 ; birke Flor. 1518; Perc 
773 ; birohes (//.) Alis. 5242. 

birde, see burtJe and burde. 

bi-reavieiiy v., 0.£, bereafian, Go^A. birau- 
bon, « 0,1/. G, pi-, beroubon, tnod.Eng, 
bereave; deprive^ rod; biraevien [bireave] 
La^. 3031 1 ; bireaven H. M. 29; bireven Jos. 
350; bireve Langl. B\i. 248; blreaveS 
(pres,) A. R. 120 ; birdvede (/r^/.) C L. 1349 ; 
o))re beraefedest [birefedestj rihtes istreones 
FRAG. 7, 8 ; bireveden hom. 1. 79 ; bereaved, 
beraefed {ppU) frag. 5, 6; biraefed Orm. 
2832 ; )>us wes )>a$ kinericbe of heora kinge 
biraeved Laj. 2897; bireved o. & N. 120; 
Horn (L.) 622 ; spec. ioi. 

bi-redien, v., f make ready y prepare^ La^. 4198. 

bi-reineiiy v., = M.H,G, beregenen ; rain 
upon^ wet\ birine Horn (R.) 11 ; bireined 
ipple,) A. R. 344; WiCL. Ez. xxii. 24; bereinid 
^ complutus^ PR. P. 32. 

bi-remen, v., ay out aty hom. II. 29. 

bl-rennen, \.f ^ M.H.G. berennen; frun 
around; biamde {pret.) LA3. 26775. 

bi-reowen, -rewen, v.y^M.H.G, beriuwen; 
redeniy commiserate^ Orm. 4506, 7784 ; bi- 
r(e)ue treat. 139; birewe {pres, subj,) 
Langl. -ffxii. 250. 

bireounesse, sb., » M,H.G» beriuwenisse ; 
commiseration (f printed bireaunesse), A. R. 
66. 

bi-reowseiiy v., 0,E, behreowsian,=iJ/./f.G^. 
beriuwesen ; repent, Jul. 44; Orm. 8800; 
birewsien, bireusien hom. I. 21, 23 ; bireusie 
MISC. 78 ; bireusi (printed birensi) Shor. 43. 
bireouBunge, sb., 0,E, behreowsung; re- 
pentance, FRAG. 8 ; A. R. 372 ; bireowsinge 
H. m. 21. 

bi-riden, v., 0.E' bendan ; ride around, LA3. 
10739. 

birie, sb., ? =M,Du. bcrie ; bier, ayenb. 258. 

biri3en, see buri^en. 

bi-rinnen, v., O.E, birinnan, = Goth, birinnan, 
O.H.G. pirinnan; flow over; run round; 
surround; bieom \pret.) LA3. 26064; biumen 
26066 ; wib tieres al birunne (pple.) Horn 
(L.) 654 ; bironne L. H. R. 137 ; bat lend is 
biuman [biume] mid faere sae LA3. 1233 ; 
wit eild . . . berunnun c M. 8351. 

bi-ripan, v., pluck the fruit of; biripe {imp.) 
PS. ixxix. 13. 

bi-nsen, v., ffor 3eri8en ; beflt, become : wis- 
dom birisetS (pres.) weran & clenesse birisa^ 
wifan hom. I. iii ; ))e birise^ {sec, text bi- 
come]>) to aelche kinge LA3. 9821. 



birke, see birohe. 

birkin» adj., OJ^. h\rV\nn,= M.Du. berken, 

O.H.G, pirchin ; made of birch, GOL. & Gaw. 

31. 
birle, sb., O.E. byrle, byrele, cf OJ^. byrli ; 

cup-bearer, ^pincema^ FRAG. 2 ; birle px)rle] 

LA3. 24164; birles {pi.) Orm. 14023; 

birlen (dat.pl.) LA3. 19942. 
birlen, v., O.E. byrlian,=OJV: byrla; cut as 

cup-bearer, pour out, A.R. 114; Orm. 15418 ; 

bnllin PR. P. 51 ; birlide (pret.) WiCL. Jer. 

XXV. 17; birled M. H. 120; sche birlid whit 

win Tor. 292 ; birled (pple.) Orm. 15225. 
birler, sb.,=O.A''. byrlari; one who pours 

out drink, ^ exelerarius,^ voa 212; brillare 

PR. P. 51. 
bi-robben, v., rob ; berobbe)? (pres.) ayenb. 

39. 
bi-rollen, v., roll over : al biroUed (pple.) 

wij> )>e rain A. P. ii. 959. 
bi-rowen, v., 0.E, berowan ; row about ; 

birouwen [birowe] LA3. 21028. 
birst, see brust. bir]>e, see burtSe. 
birtSel, see biirSeL 
bis, adj., dark grey, neutral blue: he lis 

toumbed in a marble bis Man. (H.) 230 ; bis 

and asure LiDG. BOCH. (in N. E. D.). 
bi-8fie3en, v., let down, lower ; biaeiS (pres.) 

HOM. II. 215 ; biseid (pple.) in ]>e grune 

HOM. II. 211 ; bisaid 213. 
bi-sdleiiy v., assail; bea£Le {pres. pi,) p. R. 

L. P. 103. 
bi-samplen, v., ffor examplen (sample) ; 

moralize about; bi^samnpletS (pres.) a. r. 

88 ; bisaiunpled (pret.) 316. 
bi-sawe, s\},,proverb, a. r. 88 ; bisawe Trev. 

III. 309- 
bi-s&weiit v., '^M.H.G. besajen ; sow ; bi- 

sawetS (pres,) hom. 1. 107. 
bi-soeadin, v., O.E. besceadian ; overshadow ; 

besh^deth (pres.) Gow. III. 1 1 1 ; beshdded 

(pple,) Gow. II. 109. 
bi-BOhadwe, v.,—M.Du, beschaduwen, M.H, 

G. beschatewen ; shcubw around, leg. 83 ; bl- 

8ohadewe)> (pres.) s. S. (Web.) 586. 
bi-Bohedeiit v.,—fM.H.G, beschuten; be- 

sprinkle : be bischedde (pple,) it wij> watir 

WiCL. 4 KINGS viii. 15. 
bi-Bohenden, v., ruin; bisohent (pple.) 

c m. 14838. 
bi-sch^ren, v., O.E. bisceran; shear; bi- 

Bohom, biscom (pple.) c M. 12231. 
bi-BChilden, v., ffor 3esohilden ; f protect : 

fine feond (fr, freond) fu biaoUdeat (pres.) 

HOM. I. 7. 
bi-Bclnne, v., O.E. besclnan, - O.H.G, bi- 

sclnan, Goth, biskeinan ; shim on, Horn (H.) 

12; beshine Ber. 1113; bi8hine]> (pres!) 

Orm. 1885 1 ; half )>e eorfe )>e sonne bi- 

schine]> JARB. XIII. 167; besbine]> Gow. Ill, 



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bi-schiten. 



bi-sdoiu 



67 



242 ; bioohdn (preL) Trev. 1. 393 ; besohine 
(fpU.) Trev. I. 325. 

bl-BOhiten, v., 0,E, hcscitQxi,= M.//.G, be- 
schlzen ; de/i/e with excrement \ bishiten 
{ppU,) Aus. 5485 ; besshit ToWNL. 235. 
bisoliopy sb.y O.E, biscop, bisceop, biscep, 
from, Lot, episcopus ; bishops R. S. vi ; biscop 
MISC. 43 ; bispes (pL) Misc. 39 ; biaohopen 
(/&/. pi.) o. & N. 1 70 1 ; comp, arohe-bisohop. 
bisohop-h&dy sb., 0£, bisceophad; office of 
bishop ; bischophood WiCL. PROL. \ TiM. ; 
bischophade C M. 21248. 
bisohop-riohe, sb., 0.£'.biscoprIce; bishop- 
ric^ Bek. 1008 ; biscoprlche FRAG. 2. 
bifloop-Bt51» sb., 0,E. bisceopstol ; episcopal 
see, MISC. 145 ; bisoopstdle {acU,) La^. 182 18. 
bisoop-wurty sb., 0,E, bisceopwyrt ; bishop's 
wort, wood betony, FRAG. 3. 
biflOhopen, v., 0£. biscopian ; confirm (as a 
bishop) ; bisaohopeb (pres.) Shor. 5 ; bua- 
shoppede (pret.) Langl. Cxviii. 268 ; bis- 
bede, ibisbede MiRC 158. 
biioeopunge, sb., bishoping, confirmation, 
HOM. L lOI. 

bi-sohrdwen, v.,3^x^r(f«/, corrupt', bisohrSwe 
(pres,) Ch. C. T. D 845 ; beshrewif [* depra- 
vat'] WiCL. PROV. X. 9 ; bisohrgwed (pret,) 
Langl. B'\w. 168 ; bisohrgwed (pple,) Trev. 
1. 113 ; beshrewed Gow. I. 76 ; fis world is 
al beshrewed P. 45. 

bi-80hrioben, v., screech about : and )>e bi- 
8ohTiche)> [biscrichej)] (pres,) and bigredej) 
0. & N. 67. 

iH-schutten, v., shut up\ bishette (pret, 
Aus. 5709; bischitten, bishetten Langl. 
A ii. 189; biBohet (pple^) Will. 2014 ; bishet 
Ocrov. (W.) 1280 ; beshet R. R. 4488 ; besset 

AYENB. 94. 

bi-sooniy sb., scorn, Trev. L 179. 

bi-seomeny v., cover with scorn ; bisoomd 
(pret^ c M. 16611 ; bescomed \v, r, biscomed] 
Ch. C.T./278. 

bi-Bcnnien, v., shun, p. l. s. viii. 77 ; bischune 
(imper,) rel. L 183. 

biBe, see bisse. 

laae, sb., 0,Fr. bise (ffrom 0,H,G, bisa) ; 
north wind', bigan a wind to rise out of f e 
north men calleth bise Hav. 724. 

bi-seohen, v., 0,E. htsGCSLn,= CFris, biseka, 
OJ£,C, besuochen, mod, En^, beseech ; seek, 
visit; beseech : nu ich mot bisechen [biseche] 
feat )nng bat ich ser forhowede Laj. 3494 ; ^aet 
neo walden bisechen |>ene king & bidden hine 
mildce 12272 ; J)u scholdest bisechen me 
cosses a. R. 102 ; biseken gen. & ex. 2492 ; 
Hav. 2994; biseche (pres^,) Kath. 2375; 
Langl. ^ i. 58 ; Alis. 4631 ; beseche Mand. 
316; beseke LUD. Cov. 129 ; bisek)>, biseh)> 
O. & N. 1439; bezekj> avenb. 117; biado 
(imper,) hom. L 17; biseke we nu godes 



migt GEN. & EX. 415s; biseche^ (procure) 

eow wepnen La^. 125 13; bisdhte (pret,) 

Kath. 239^ ; ])a bisohte he nutescalen La^. 

29265; bisoghte Perc 2144; bisouhten 

A. R. 230 ; bisoht (pple.) R. s. v ; SPEC 72 ; 

bisouht A. R. 234 ; bisojt Fl. & Bl. 127. 
bisdohere, sb., one who beseeches', bi- 

seoheria (pL) WiCL. Zeph. iii. 10. 
biaSohinge, sb., beseeching, WiCL. 2 PARAL. 

vi. 19; bezechinge avenb. 98. 
besdkand-lik, adj., propitious, PS. cxxxiv. 

14. 
bi-segeiiy v., for asigen ; besiege ; bisegi 

Rob. 399; bisege Trev. L 91 ; bi8§ged 

(pret,) Will. 2843 ; blsSged (pple.) Man. 

(F.) 5108. 
bi-seggeiiy v., 0,E, besecgan, «= 0,L.G, bi- 

seggean, O.H.G. pisagen ; signify ; biseiS 

(pres,) hom. IL 173. 
bi-semey v., for ^esSmen ; beseem, seem, befit, 

Gow. L no; A. p. i. 310; bisemetS (pres,) 

tUL. 55 ; fat ivele hem bisemef PL. cr. 58 ; 
isemez Gaw. 161 2 ; as ))ei besemen Will. 

2529; bisemen ^ convemunf* WiCL. ROM. i. 

28 ; bisdmede (pret,) a. r. 148 ; )>ine wordes 

beo)> ... so bisSmed (pple.) O, 8c N. 842 ; 

besemid Triam. 720. 
bi-sencheiiy v., O.E. bisencan, « O.L.G, bi- 

senkian; submerge, A. R.400; bisenken Orm. 

19690 ; hi bisenohe'S (pres,) us on helle hom. 

L 107; bisenote (pret.) hom. L 87 ; biseinte 

[bisencte] A. R. 334 ; ure ifan . . . beo^ bl- 

■ezLote (pple,) in to helle hom. L 87. 
bi-senden, y.,—MX.G,, M,H,G. besenden ; 

send to : erl Jon . . . bisende (Pret.) him al 

so & bisou3te (h)is grace Rob. 491. 
bi-sdne, adj., 0,E. bisene, early mod.Eng. 

bisson ; blind\ bisen c M. 16595 ; bisne GEN. 

& EX. 472 ; \m art blind ofer bisne o. & N. 

243- 
bi-sengen, v., O.E. besengan ; singe ; bezenge 

AVENB. 230. 
biseninge, pple. cf. 0,N, bf sna ; ill-boding, 

monstrous. Barb. leg. IL 129. 
bi-seon, v., 0,E. beseon, = O.Z.G'. bisehan, 

O.H,G, pisehan, Goth, bisaihvan; see,provide, 

A. R. 344 ; biseon to me hom. L 197 ; bisen 

GEN. & EX. 1313, 2141; S. S. (Web.) 507; 

biseo Bek. 105; to biBeonne Marh. i$; 

!>onne beBih}> (pres.) |>eo soule sorliche to |)en 
ich(ame) frag. 5 ; bisih (imper.) H. M. 33 ; 
bisih, bisij [biseh] fe LA3. 16048, 24157 ; 

61 bet he hine biseo [beseo] O. & N. 1272 ; 
isah (pret.) LA3. 4907 ; biseh Jul. 21 ; 
bisai Rob. 192 ; fa eories . . . bisejen heom 
bihinde LA3. 26506; biflghe (subj,) Misc 
193 ; biseje (pple,) P. L. S. xii. 103 ; besein 
Gow. L 341 ; biseie HOCCL. i. 142 ; elde . . . 
haj> me biseie Langl. £ xx. 201 ; so richeli 
biseie Ch. C. t. E. 984. 
biseing, sb., circumspection ; 
AVENB. 184. 

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beziinge 



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68 



bisdken. 



bl-spel. 



bisekeiiy see biseohen. 

bi-seowen, v., O.E, besiwian ; sew ; bisowe 
Will. 1688; besewed (pple.) Will. 3117; 
Gow. III. 312. 

bi-servey v., serve diligently ; beserve C M. 
23053. 

bi-8etten» v., 0£, besettan, = 0,H.G. pi- 
sezzan, Golh. bisatjan, tnod.Eng, beset ; place^ 
arrange^ set ; surroundy REL. I. 213; bisette 
Langl. B v. 264 ; Ch. C. t. A 279 ; besette 
);e tour Fer. 3228 ; (h)is catel to bisette leb. 
JES. 116; wel bezette )>ane time ayenb. 214; 
pe biset his i)>onc on his ehte hom. I. loi ; 
bisette {pret!) gen. & ex. 2687 ; Will. 1214 ; 
and bisette ]»is,schip al aboute Brd. 21 ; biset 
(fple^ A. R. 58 ; Kath. 1578 ; it was ejwhaer 
biset wib deorewur)>e stanes Orm. 8169; ))ou 
hast wel beset mi god Octav. (H.) 956. 

bifid, see busi. 

1n-8ibbe, sb., f relative, Shor. 70; ^affinis' 
voc. (W. W.) 562. 

bi-sichen, v., sigh, sigh for \ bisioheS {fires,) 
HOM. II. 201. 

bi-side, -siden, -sides, see side. 

bi-sihty sh.,= M,If,G, besiht, /.y provision; 
besiht c. L. 31 1 ; besi^te PROCL. 6. 

bi-sinken, v., OJ^. besincan, — 0,L.G. bi- 
sincan, Af.H.G. besinken; sin^i bisinkeS 
(submerges) HOM. II. 177 ; hwa se H^ i leiven 
deope bisunken H. M. 33. 

bi-sitten, v., 0,E. besittan,«=6>.Z.G'. bisittian, 
O.H.G, pisizzan ; sit upon, beset, oppress ; hit 
schal bisitten [bisitte] oure soales sore Langl. 
A ii. no. 
. bi-slaberen, y,,-L,G, beslabem; beslaver; 
bislabered \pple,) Langl. Bv, 392. 

bi-slobereiL, v., bedabble ; beslobered {pple,) 
Langl. ^xiii. 401. 

bi-slomered, pple., covered with mud: his 
hosen al beslomered in fen PL. CR. 427. 

bismer (Pbismer), sb., 0,E, bi-, bysmer, 
bismor, - O.Z.(7. bismer, -smar, 0.//,G. pi-, 
bismer, «.y mockery, contumely, insult, HOM. 
I. 107 ; bismar Rob. 12; )>e be bismar haveS 
idon La^. 4403; blsmere {oat) Kath. 551 ; 
Langl. (Wr.) 2651 [bismer ^ v. 89]; h. s. 
7400; bi-, busmere Trev. I. 179; lauhwen 
him to bismare A. R. 270 ; bismare, bisemare 
Ch. C. t. a 3965 ; bisemare Alis. 648. 
bismere-spfiohe, sb., cf, 0,E, bysmorspraec ; 
blasphemy. Mat. xxvi. 65. 

bismerien (Pbismerien), v., O.E, bismerian, 
bismrian, = 0,H.G. pismeron,bismardn; mock, 
insult; biseinere)> (pres,) and scomeb J)e 

Ejode men ayenb. 22 ; bismereden (pret.) 
K. xxiii. 36. 

bismerwen, v., O.E, hesmynaLn,=^M,//,G, 
besmiren; besmear; bismeoruwed (pple,) 
A. R. 214. 

bi-smiten, v., 0,E. besmltan, = O.H.G. pi- 



smizan ; contaminate, soil; besmiten Mk. vii. 
15 ; ne bismit (printed bi sunt) (imper,) yx 
J)e mid drunkenesse HOM. I. 13. 

bi-smitten, y,,= M.Du. besmetten, O.H.G, 
bismizzen ; contaminate, pollute ; bismitted 
(pret.) * contaminaverunt* PS. liv. 21; bi- 
smitted (pple,) A. R. 214; besmetted, -smet 
ayenb. 32, 229. 

bi-8m6kent v., cover 'with smoke; bismoked 
(pple,) Ch. Boet. i. i (5). 

bi-smotereiit v., stain, defile; bismotered 
(pple) Ch. C. t. A 76. 

bi-smudden, v., besmut, soil; bismuddet 
(pple,) a. r. 214*. 

bi-smudelen, v., make muddy, soil, defile; 
bismu'Seled (pple,) a. R. 214*. 

bisne, sb., 0£, bysen, bisen, - 0,N, bysn, 
0,L,G, (an)busn, Goth, (ana)busns f,; exam- 
ple, Orm. 8987 ; Halliw. 179 ; sette us bisnc 
HOM. I. 5 ; ure laverd . . . teache^ us ^h a 
bisne 245 ; bisne (dot.) H. M. 45 ; |a he to 
bisne nom La^. 30 ; comp, for-bisne. 

bisne, see bisene. 

bisnien, v., 0,E, bysnian, « 0,N, bysna ; give 
cm example; bisenes (pres,) M. H. 124. 
bisnung^ sb., 0,E, bysnung; example, 
HOM. I. 93 ; bisening L. H. R. 118. 

bi-sniweiiy v., 0J£. besnlwan, = Af,H,G, 
besnien ; cover with snow ; bisniwe (pple,) 
Langl. Cvii. 266; bisnewed Langl. ^xv. 
no; besnewed ayenb. 81 ; Gow. I. m. 

bi-socne, sb., petition, request, A. R. 376; 

(spelt bisockne) LA5. 30219* ; bisokne S. A. L. 

155 ; boru bisokne of )>e king delaied it was 

^ute Rob. 495 ; bisoonen (dot. pL) hom. I. 

261. 
bi-soileiiy v., besoil; bisuiled (pple,) Shor. 

108 ; bisoiled Misc. 225. 
[bi-sop^e-lich, adj., =6^^r. besorglfch (solid- 

tous) ; comp, un-bisor^elioh.] 
bispy see bisohop. 
bi-sparren, v., 0,E, besparrian, = O.H,G. 

pisparran, -sperran; shut up, enclose; bi-^ 

sperred, bisperede (Pret,) Langl. Bxv, 

139 ; bisparrede (/ ms, his^paiKd, printed bi- 

sparre^) (pple, pi,) a. r. 94*. 

bi-spdken, v., cf, 0,E. hesprecsin,— 0,N,G, 
pi-sprechan, 0,L,G, besprekan ; talk of, talk 
with : J>i soster bispekeb J>i de)> P. L. S. xiii. 
144 ; bispao [bispek] (pret,) L. H. R. 32 ; sge 
ne bispac him nevere GEN. & EX. 1444; 
bispek Rob. 524; heo bispeken heom bitweo- 
nen \et heo walden ibujen to }>ere apostlan 
fer(r)eden hom. I. 91 ; bispoken Ar. & Mer. 
1240; bisp^ke (pple,) o. & N. 1738; Rob. 
J5 ; 5e habbej> a mong ju . . . bispdce )>at 
ilome Bek. 919. 

bi-spel, sb., 0,E, bigspell, = M,H,G, bispel ; 

parable, example, HOM. I. 233 ; o. & N. 127 ; 
bispellen (dat, pi) Mat. xiii. 3. 



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bi-spSten. 

bi-spaten, v., spit upon ; bispete Wicl. Mk. x 
34; bispatetS (pres.) A. R. 288; bisp&tten 
ipret,) Wicl. Mk. xv. 19; hiap&tt bispat 
(Pple.) Wicl. Lk. xviii. 32; bispat Misc. 
140. 

bi-spitten, v., sptt upon ; bispitte Wicl. Mk. 
xiv. 65 ; biBpit {pple,) P. R. L. P. 240. 

bi-spotten, v., bespot^ Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (73). 

bi-spraden, v., = M,H»G, bespreiten ; be- 
spread; bisprd^de (pret,) La). 16521 ; 
besprdd (pple,) K. T. 762. 

bi-sprengan, v., 0,E, besprengan,=il/./r.(7. 
besprcngen; besprinkle^ hom. I. 127; bi- 
wpnn^(imper,) HOM. 1. 73; bisprenge {subj.) 
Rob. 128; biaprengde (pret,) Bev. 350; 
bispreinde WiCL. Hebr. ix. 19; bispreint 
(pple,) ST. R. 502; bespreint wij> bloode 
LiDG. M. p. 91. 

bispreng^ v., sprinkle over\ besprengild 
GEST. Rom. 26. 

bi-spusen, v.,y^r spusen ; espouse ; bisptised 
(pple) HOM. II. 159; bispusede II. 13. 

bisse, sb., O.Fr, bysse, from Gr. ^u<rao7 ; 
a sort of fine stuffs Gow. III. 34; bis SPEC 
26; biis Guy (Z.) 2835 ; Wicl. Lk. xvi. 19. 

bi-standen, v., 0.E, bestandan, = Goth, bi- 
standan, 0,H,G, pistantan ; stand abouty stand 
around \ bistonden HOM. II. 173; blatant 
(Pres) o. & N. 1438 ; wenne hundes hine 
bistonde^ La^. 1698 ; bistod (pret.) R. s. v 
(misc. 180) ; GEN. & EX. 3857 ; whan hem 
bistode nede Will. 175 ; stormes hem bistode 
Trist. 367 ; bistonden (pple.) LA3. 30323 ; 
A. R. 264; Jul. 31 ; & is mid storme £aste 
bistonden hom. II. 43. 

bi-stiren, v., stare at : ])e keiser bistdrede 
(pret.) hire Kath. 309. 

bi-8t6den, v.,=MJ)u. besteden, O.H.G. pi- 
staten ; appoint^place ; bested (pple) Triam. 
1461 ; bistad Ch. C. t. B 649 ; whar was ))e 
child . . . bistad Greg. 455 ; bestad HoccL. 
i. 129 ; LUD. Gov. 329 ; wofulli bestad Gow. 
I. 198 ; bista^d A. R. 264 ; Marh. 3. 

bi-Bt6ken,=^./?». besteken ; shut^ A. R. 62 ; 
bisteken (pple.) HoM. I. 247. 

bi-st61eny v., O.E. bi-, bestelan ; steal, steal 
away^ steal on : he wenden wel to bistelene 
in to ^re burhje Laj. 9756; and bistdl (pret) 
from J>an fihte 28422 ; elde me is bistdlen 
(pple) on P. L. S. viii. 9 ; HOM. I. 161 ; & is 
bislole a wai Fer. 3876. 

bi-sti^, sb., by-path : bisti^es (pi) Shor. PS. 
xxii. 3 (in WiCL. PREF. 4). 

bi-stowen, v., bestow, place ; bistowe Shor. 
95 ; Langl. ^vii. 75 ; Ch. C. t. A 3981. 

bi-steppen, v., ffor ^esteppen ; / step ; beo 
heo bistepped (pple) \^x ute A. R. 174. 

bi-strewen, v., O.K. bestreowian^ = M.H.G. 
bestrcuwen, -striuwen ; bestrew ; bistre- 
weden (pret) Hickes L 167 (hom. I. 5). 

bi-striden, v., O.E. bestndan, ? = M.L.G. 



bi-t&onen. 



69 



bestriden; bestride, LA5. 28020; bistride 

Hav. 2060; Alis. 706; blBtrideI> (pres) 

Langl. 5xvii. 78 ; bistrod (pret) leb. Jes. 

803 ; ))e stede he bistrood Gam. 189 ; bestrod 

Tor. ^04. 
bi-striipeiiy v., O.E. bestrypan, = M.H.G. 

bestroufen ; bestrdp)' (pres) J>e zeve zennes 

vram \t, herte ayenb. 123. 
bi-stunten, v., cheeky rein in ; bistint (pret) 

Alis. 1183. 
bi-stiirien, v., O.E. bestyrian ; bestir ; bistere 

Alis. 5837; bestere Gow. III. 295 ; bestire^ 

(imper) 50U Ar. & Mer. 6025. 
bi-sturing, sb., emotion ; besteriinge ayenb. 

263. 
bi-Biilieiiy v., O.E. besylian,= J/./r.(7. besiiln ; 

soil, defile; bisulie'S (pres) HOM. II. 37. 
bi-Bulpeiiy v., ? pollute ; bisulpez (pres) a. p. 

ii. 575. 
bi-swieteny v.,— M.H.G. besweizen; cover 

with sweat; biswAt (pple) LA3. 9315. 
bi-8wai>eny v., O.E. beswapan ; envelope, en-- 

tangle : bi s(c)andlice senne besw&pen (pple) 

HOM. I. 239. 
bi-8wenken, v., t^ M.H.G. beswenken (dolo 

capere); toil, labour; biswenkez (pres) 

D. Arth. 1128. 
bi-swikeiiy v., O.E. bi-, beswlcan, =az.6^. 

beswTcan, O.H.G. piswichan; deceive, La^. 

754 ; Alis. 4609 ; biswiken A. R. 224 ; Orm. 

11678; besviken Sax. chr. 264; biswike 

0. & N. 158; Horn (L.) 667 (R. 669); 
beswike Rich. 5918 ; biswikeS (pres) hom. 

1. 25 ; p. L. s. viii. 7 ; biswfto (pret) La> 
2126; biswak Orm. 12478; besvak c. m. 
3734; biswoc HOM. 1. 213 ; biswok Man. (F.) 
1 1398; biswiken (pple) frag. 8; A. R. 
54 ; Orm. i 1640 ; gen. & ex. 3561 ; biswiken 
SPEC. 45 ; bisviken C. M. 8632 ; biswike Hav. 
1249; bisvike Rob. 272; biswiked *de- 
ceptus ' P. S. Ixxvi. 3. 

bezvikere, sb., deceiver, ayenb. 171. 
bezvikinge, sb., deceit, ayenb. 28. 
bi-swingen, v., O.E. beswingan ; flog ; bi- 

sw(u)ngen (pple) spec. 81. 
bi-swinken, v., O.E, beswincan ; procure by 

labour \ )>at mowen her bred biswinke Langl. 

B\\, 216; biswinke)> (pres) PL. CR. 722; 

biswonk (pret) L. H. R. 27 ; biswimken 

leb. Jes. 361 ; biswonke Langl. ^xx. 290 ; 

beswonke (pple) Halliw. 169. 
biswinc-fiil, adj., toilsome; biswincfule a. 

R. 188. 
bit, sb., MX.G. bit, bet, = M.H.G. biz n. ; 

(bfidle')bit, bitt ^ (frenum) lupatum^ l^K, P. 

37 ; bitte (dot) Ch. l. g. w. 1208. 
bi-tacnen, v., = O.Fris, bitekna, O.H.G, be- 

zeichenen ; betoken, signify, Orm. 919 ; bi- 

tokene Trev. V. 9 ; bit&one'S (pres) hom. I. 

79 ; bitocne^ A. R. 170 ; betocne)> ayenb. 15 ; 

what bitacnie^ [bitocnej)] fa draken LA3. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



bi-tdohen« 



biter. 



16008; bitEonede (pref.) HOM. I. 89; 
bitoknede ROB. 288; )^t he has lord and 
king of kinges wel bitoknede )>e sterre Shor. 
123 ; bitftoned (pple) H. M. 5 ; bitocned 
A. R. 374. 

bitAontmge, bitAoninge, sh,<,=OJI,G, pi- 
zeihinunga; signification, HOM. I. 47, 51; 
bitocnunge A. R. 270 ; bitokninge Bek. 102. 

bi-tSBOheily v., 0,E, betaecan ; assign, commit , 
deliver, Orm. 6126 ; bitsechen, bitechen Laj. 
5314, 1 1502; bitechan Angl. VII. 220; 
bitechen A. R. 300 ; H AV. 203 ; biteachen 
Marh. 5; biteche Will. 5184; biteche 
ipres.) Al. (T.) 178 ; Crist i ))e biteche Horn 
(R.) 577; bitSc, -tSo (imper,) Laj. 16847, 
18922; bit&hte(/r^/.) HOM. 1. 11; KATH.608; 
{ms, bitahhte) Orm. 14774 ; bitahte, bitaehte 
La^. 247, 27246; bitagte gen. & ex. 212; 
bitauhte Hav. 2212 ; betau5t(e) S. S. (Wr.) 
324 ; betaughte R. R. 4438 ; )>e ring )>at 1 him 
bitaughte Perc 2156; betohte HOM. I. 221 ; 
biteijte Bek. 1827 ; bltiht {pple,) spec 42 ; 
bitau^t Will. 5289 ; biteiht a. r. 166. 

bi-tdken, v., commit, deliver, Laj. 6251 ; 
Hav. 1226 ; bitake S. S. (Wr.) 30; )>ei schulen 
bitake [^tradenf] WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 9; bitake 
iPres.) Rob. 475 ; mi soule bitake [betake] 
i to Sathanas Ch. C. t. A 3750; hi betake^ 
ayenb. 36 ; bitak (imper.) Horn (R.) 785 ; 
bitok ipret,) La^. 22464* ; Will. 66 ; s. s. 
(Wr.) 412; Ch. C. t. G $41 ; he bitoc it in 
warde Roa 183 ; betoke TOR. 2250 ; betoke 
(sudj,) AYENB. 89. 

bi-tdle, sh., parad/e, leb. Jes. 243. 

bi-talten, v., sJiaJte; bitalt (ppie,) a. p. i. 
1 160. 

bi-taTelen» v., overcome in gaming ; an anlepi 
meiden, wi% hire anes mu^, havens wa biteve- 
let (v.r. bitaulet ow) . . . alle Kath. 1288. 

bite, sb., O.E. bita, = O.N. biti, O.H.G. bizzo ; 

from biten ; bit, morsel, RoB. 207 ; c. L. 1343 ; 
fane bite {earlier text bitan) ]^ buccellcun''\ 
John xiii. 30; vor )>e bite of one epple a. r. 
334 ; an bite braedes Orm. 8640 ; ))e bite )>at 
\€i eten Langl. B xviii. 200. 

bite, sb., 0,E, bite,= 0,L,G, biti, 0,Fris, biti, 
bite, O.H,G, biz ; bite, act of biting, A. R. 288 ; 
S. S. (Web.) 760 ; Mand. 49 ; fin bite [' mor- 
sus tuus '] HOM. 1. 123 ; )>ane bite ayenb. 61 ; 
)>e bite of swordes ^'s^ Kath. 2437; mid 
steles bite La^. 11327 ; bite, bitte c M. 8500 ; 
bite, bitt(e) ^morsus^ PR. P. 37; hiii^ * morsus' 
voa 198 ; bitt Alis. 5436 ; bit Iw. 94 ; bite 
cutting edge Ar. & Mer. 4808; bit, bitte Gaw. 
212, 2224; biten {dat.pL) LA3. 21364. 

bitel, adj., biting, keen, Orm. 10074; bitele 
duntes La^. 26967. 

bitel, see bdtil. 

bitel-brouwed, adj. [z/.r.biterbrowed], beetle- 
browed, Langl. A v. 109. 

bi-tellen, v., 0,E. betellan {defend)^ OSris. 



bitella, M.H.G. bezeUen {acquire); defend, 
conquer : bitellen wel & weren Orm. 2045 ; 
¥et tu beo mi motild a^eines mine soule fon 
)>et heo hire ne muwen bitellen hom. I. 205 ; 
to biteUen eowere rihtes La^. 7894; bitelle 
leg. 169; TOWNL. 217 ; and lust hu ich con 
me bitelle O. & N. 263 ; bitelletS {pres.) A. R. 
226* ; bitdld {pret.) gen. & ex. 920 ; nu )m 
havest Brutlond al bitdld {pple.) {sec, text 
awonne) to )>ire bond La^. 18099. 
bitelltmge, sb., / defence, excuse; A. R. 392. 
biten, v., 0.E, bItan, = OX,G. bItan, O.Fris,, 
OJV. bIta, Got A, beitan, O.I/.G, pizan, bizan ; 
bite, A. R. 364 ; biten mete Laj. 15340 ; on his 
lippe . . . bite Ch. C. t. A 3745 ; )>er was no 
knif )>at wolde him bite £gl. 491 ; bite)> 
{pres.) Orm. 9954; bit hom. I. 123; a. r. 
186 J MISC. 9; AYENR 66; heo bite^ I-Aj. 
20173; bitej> AYENR 70; bitinde {pple.) A. K. 
428; AYENR 143; bftt {pret,) Orm. 12422; 
Iw. 2029; bot hom. II. 181 ; GEN. & EX. 2926; 

C L. 1343; L. H. R. 135; S. S. (Web.) 773; 
OCTOV. (W.) 329 ; LUD. Cov. 29 ; Charlis bot 
his lippen Fer. 141 ; he bot [boot] his lippes 
Langl. -4 v. 67 ; biten {pret, pi,) Alis. 5435; 
)^ scipen biten on )>at sond L^^. 1788; bite 
LEG. 161 ; biten, beten {pple,) Ch. l. g. w. 
2318; beten L. H. R. 74 ; ibite Aus. 5438; 
ibete Trev. VII. 299; comp, a-, and-, for- 
biten ; deriv, bite, bitel, biter, bait, 
[bitere, sb., biter ; comp, bae-bitere.] 
biting, sb., biting, LiDG. M. P. loi ; bitinga 
(///«r.)HOM. I. 33. 

bi-teon, v., 0,E, beteon, = Gotk, bitiuhan, 
0,H,G. piziuhan ; bestow, draw over, betrcty^ 
LA3. 9117 ; J>i luve . . . hwar meiht tu biteon 
hire betere ben upon me A. R. 398; here 
swine he wel biten gen. & ex. 3626 ; bitefir 
{pret) GEN. & EX. 2878; bitd^en {pple,) 
HOM. I. 31 ; Laj. 19902 ; ^r (h)aveth a skie 
hem . . . bitogen {covered) gen. & EX. 3796 ; 
bitogen [bitowe] REL. I. 174; }>e nihte^e al 
hire hoje mid rede hadde wel bit03e O. & N. 
702 ; or elles ich hevede uvele bitowen {em- 
ployed) rauchel of mine hwule A. R. 430. 

biter, adj., 0,E, biter, = 0,N, bitr, 0,H,G, 
biter, pitter, cf, Goth, baitrs; from biten; 
bitter, hom. II. 33; gen. & ex. 3300; misc. 
27 ; s. S. (Web.) 849 ; biter wind HOM. 1. 167 ; 
biter ine smac AYENR 82 ; bitter A. R. 302 ; 
))et bittere frag. 6; nawt bittres Kath. 1704; 
to )>an bittre {dcU) de¥e hom. I. 27 ; of 
bitere speche 95 ; bittere {pi,) hom. I. 43 ; 
bittere [bitere] swipen La^. 21247 ; wi^ bittre 
besmen Marh. 5; bitere {adv,) [O.-ff. bitre], 
bitere Laj. 16381*; bitere, bittere, bittre 
L^NGL. B iii. 249 ; bitterer {cotnpar,) PR. a 
7272; biterure hom. IL 173; bittrore SPEC 
99 ; bitterest [biterest] {superL) LA3. 9685 ; 
bittrest hom. I. 283. 

biter-browed, bitter-browid, adj. [v, r. 
bitelbrouwed], Langl. A v. 109. 



Digitized by 



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biter. 



bi-|>arf. 



71 



biter-hede, sb., bitterness^ ayenb. 28. 
biter-liche, adv., O.E. biterlTce; bitterly^ 

Laj. 13626* ; Langl. Civ. 144 ; bittcrliche A. R. 

364 ; bitterli Will. 2083 ; biterluker (comp) 

MISC 92 ; bitterlukest {superl.) H. M. 35. 
bitemease» sb., 0,E, bitemess; bitterness^ 

MISC 28 ; Shor. 91 ; bitteraesse a. r. 372. 
biterOy sb. = O.H.G, bitten ; bitterness : for 

bitter of mi galle Langl. A v. 99. 
bi-tiden, v.,yi?r jetiden; betide, happen, A. R. 

278 ; bitide Horn (L.) 543 ; Will. 730 ; ims, 

bityde) LA5. 2236* ; shame be mai bitide SPEC 

90 ; bitidl)>, bitit (pres.) LANGL. B xi. 393 ; 

5if us eni ufel bitit HOM. L 71 ; bitidde (pret.) 

O. & N. 1107 ; GEN. & EX. 3861 ; Bek. 1511 ; 

Gaw. 2522; tel me hou ))at bitidde S. S. (Wr.) 

589 ; betidde ant. Arth. i ; bittd {pple!) 

GEN. & EX. 1978. 
bidding, sb., happening, Ch. Boet. v. 3 

(155). 
bi-tildeny v., 0»E. bi-, beteldan; cover (as 

with a tent), envelop : and lette hine bitillen 

(?=bitilden) mid goldfaje pallen La^. 27852 ; 

bitUd (pple) Jul. 8. 
bi-timeny v.,y^r^etiiiien; happen \ ^ifsunne 

bitimed bi nihte A. R. 324 ; bitimde (pret.) 

Marh. 2. 
bitOTy sb., O.Fr. butor; bittern, Ch. C. t,D 

972 ; bittor CHEST. L 51 ; botors (//.) Ar. & 

Mer. 3130. 
bi-toveren, y,, perhaps from Af,L,G,, Af,Du. 

htioveren, = M,//.G. bezOubem; fascinate, 

GEN. & EX. 2962. 
bi-traie, bi-traisse, v.,y&r traie ; betray, Laj. 

8923* ; Bek. 316 ; Shor. 112 ; Langl. A i. 

2iT, bitraiede (pret.) Misc 38; betraied, 

betraised Ch. d. Bl. 1120; bitraied (pple,) 

Ch. L.G.W. 137; bitrasshed R. R. 1520. 
bitraing, sb., betrayal; betrajing WiCL. 

wiSD. xvli. II. 
bitraising, sb., betraying; betraisinge [be- 

traiing] Ch. l. g. w. 2460. 
bi-trappe, v., 0,E. betraeppan, -treppan,= 

Af^Du. betrappen; entrap, take in a trap, 

Gow. II L 257; bitrappet, bitreppet (pple,) 

A- R. 174* ; betrapped D. Arth. 1630. 
bi-trauty v., betray, betraut D. Troy 731; 

betrautid (pret,) 11 767. 
bi-travailen, v., work at, ox for ; compose (a 

book) ; torment : for no bred J>at ich bitra- 

vaile (pres.) Langl. Cxvi. 210 ; thei bitra- 

validan (pret.) mi wiif WiCL. JUDG. xx. 5 ; 

J>is storie is bitravailled (pple.) bi cause of 

Britaine Trev. I. 27. 
bi-tr^deiiy v., tread over ; bitredeth (pres.) 

Trev. Barth. (in n. E. d.). 
bi-trendeiiy v., surround : sorwe him gan be- 

trende Fer. 4006; betrende (Pret.) leg. 

127 ; bitrent (pple.) Ch. Tro. ii. 1231. 
bi-treoa|>en9 v., betroth ; bitreu)>ede (pret.) 

Shor. 66 ; betreu})ede Fer. 2105. 



bi-tr$u}7in^y sb., betrothing, Shor. 59. 

bi-tristen, v., trust-, betrost (pple.) Gener. 
3615. 

bi-tniflen» v., delude ; bltrufletJ (pres.) a. r. 
106. 

bi-trlimen, v., O.E. betrymian; encompass, 
Marh. 20; bitnunede (pret.) hom. II. 87; 
bltrumet (pple.) Marh. 6; betremed Lk. 
xxi. 20. 

bitte, see bite and butte. 

bittedy pple., having a bit; bited Pall. i. 
1162. 

bitter, see biter. 

bittren, v., O.E. biterian, = O.H.G. bitaron ; 
make bitter, A. R. 308 ; bitteret (pres.) HOM. 
I. 23. 

bi-tiihten, v., r/<7/>%^ ; bitiiht [bitijt] (pple.) 
mid ruje felle O. & N. 1013 ; wi)> fair pal it 
was betight Al. (L*.) 596 ; bitought GuY 232. 

bi-tfinen, v., O.E. bi-, bctynan,=il/.Z>«/. be- 
tuinen, M.H.G. beziunen ; hedge in, a. r. 164 ; 
bitiinde (pret) hom. I. 83 ; bitunden LA3. 
4287; bituned (pple.)K.Yi. 164; bi-, betuned 
FRAG. 6 ; bituined Kath. 1659. 

bi-tumeiiy v., turn about : bitum J)e and cum 
a^ean A. R.394; bitumde (pret.) Marh. 12; 
Rob. 210. 

bi-twecbeiiy v., fexordze, rid; betweohe 
(pres.) P. R. L. P. 23. 

bi-tweonen, adv. & prep., O.E. betweonum, 
-tweonan, bitweon ; between, Mat. xxv. 32 ; 
bitweonen A. R. 72 ; bitweonen, -tweone 
HOM. I. 91, 141 ; bitweonen [bit wine] 
LA5. 2080; bitwenen )>issen bro¥eren 10461 ; 
bitweone twom monnen 22968 ; bitwene 
24274 ; betwune 4307 ; bitwenen Orm. 384 ; 
bitwinen hom. II. 51 ; bitweone, -twene o. & 
N. 1379 ; bitwene Langl. A iii. 68 ; so mikel 
love was hem bitwene Hav. 2967 ; bitvene 
treat. 134; betvene ayenb. 66; bitwen 
GEN. & ex. 760. ' 

bi-twih, adv. & prep., O.E. betwih, -tweoh, 
-twyh, -twuh ; between : bitwise ^ngle londe 
& Normandie Laj. 20947 ; bitvei;en, bitwihan 
HOM. I. 37 ; bitwihen O. & N. 1747 ; bituhen 
Kath. 1526. 

bi-twiXy adv. & prep., O.E. betwix, -tweox, 
-twyx, -twux,=6^.-Fw. bitwischa, -twiskum, 
mod.Eng. betwixt; between, betwixt. Am. & 
Amiu 142 ; betwix D. Arth. 801 ; bitwix, 
-twixen Ch. C. t. i>88o, -5 1075 ; betwex, 
-tweox, -tweoxe, -twexe, -twuxe Mat. xx. 26, 
Mk. vi. 51, X. 26, xiv. 19; bitwux, -twixe, 
-twixen, -tuxe, -tuxen [bitwixte] La^. 2329, 
2335, 2553, 5010, 10886 ; bitwex Horn (L.) 
346 ; bitwuxan hom. I. 91 ; betwuxe 225 ; 
bitwuxen frag. I ; bituxen o. & N. 1747 ; 
bitvixte Shor. 77. 

bi)>, see wiS. 

bi-l^arf, v. (pret.-pres.), O.E. be)jearf,= aZ.G. 
bitharf, O.H.G. pidarf; need, want'. Jaet ge 



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72 



bi-J?ecchen. 



. . . be}:urfen Mat. vi. 32 ; bejnirfe {subj\) 
LEECHD. III. 114. 

bi-)>ecoheny v., O.E, bi-, be|»eccan,=(?.//^(7. 
bedecchen ; cover : mid paelle bil'fldht {ppU^ 
LA3. 19215 ; blj>ehte {pi) 22338. 
bi-l'enchen, v., (9 J?. bij>encan, = O.H,G, piden- 
chan, Goih» bifagkjan; think uporty remind^ 
bethinky Marh. 5 ; bi))enche Bek. 43 ; Shor. 
33 ; he mot hine ful wel bij>enche O. & N. 
471 ; Ws word . . . )>e dej> defenche ayenb. 
101 ; Dij>enken Orm. 2917; bibenke Will. 
3057 ; bifinken HOM. I. 61 ; betninkin * cogi- 
iOy nuditor^ PR. P. 34; bi)>enohe (pres,) 
HOM. 1. 161 ; he li^ & bi^nche^ him hwonne 
he wule arisen A. R. 324; bi}>enki)> WiCL. 
Lk. xiv. 31 ; bi))enc)> o. & N. 1509 ; bebengj) 
AYENB. 18 ; bij^eno {imper.) LA5. 9816 ; bi- 
}>enk )>e an. lit. 91 ; bi))ench r. s. i (misc. 
156) ; bibench ))e bet P. L. S. xix. 27; bij'dhta 
( pret.) LA3. 670 ; o. & N. 939 ; J>ene mon he 
lufede & wel bi))ohte HOM. I. 59 ; bi^ouhte 
A. R. 200 ; bi)K)3te Horn (L.) 411 ; bit^oubt 
(pple.) A. R. 342; bifouht c. L. 698; heo 
M'as . . . wel bi)K)uht La^. 2510; ich habben 
(r, habbe) me bi)K)ht wh(a)t ich don wuUe 
16745 ; bij)05t Fl. & Bl. 469 ; fat J>u beo bet 
bibo3t P. L. s. XX. 54 ; in his wisdom was al 
bi%ogft ear ¥anne it was on werlde brogt GEN. 
& EX. 37 ; to bidden his mike to late we beo^ 
bi)K)hte R. s. iv. 

bij^enohinge, sb., action of thinking) be- 
|>enchinge ayenb. 233. 
bi-J>rawen, v., torture : J>at i wij) love am so 
be)>r6we (pple,) Gow. III. 5. 
bi-tbrdten, v., threaten \ blthrStt {ppie,) 

C. M. 10102. 
bi-)>rmgeny v., 0£, bi-, bebringan,=0./r.^. 

pidringan ; ^press ; ))er ich wes o jH>n fihte 

. . haerde bit>rungen [bi))rongen] (ppie.) LA3. 

8814 ; wi]» wandra)> bi)>rungen Orm. 14825. 
hi'yimohen,y,,= O.I/.G, pidunchen; seem: 

5it him so biSiuiohed (pres.) A. R. 346. 
bi-|>urfen, v., / 0,E. bejmrfan (pret. be))orfte), 

= O.H.G. bedurfin, (pret. pidorfti) ; be needful^ 

need\ bi|>orten (earlier text beJ)orfton) (pret.) 

Lk. ix. II. 
bi-uven, biifan, adv., O.E. beufan, bufan,= 

M.Du.y M.L.G. boven ; above^ HOM. 1. 95, 1 59 ; 

bufen, bufenn eor))e Orm. 4773 ; buven Kath. 

2396 ; HOM. II. Ill ; he is buven us P. L. S. 

viii. 44 ; aerest wes be white buven & seo^J^n 

he wes bineo^en LA3. 15978; buven, buve 

A. R. 46, 106 ; buve O. & N. 208 ; bove an. 

LIT. 5 ; al })at is bove and under molde 

Shor. 117 ; comp. a-bufen. 
bivieiiy beovien, biivien, v., O.E. bifian, beo- 

fian, - O.L.G. bivon, O.Fris. beva, O.N. bifa, 

O.H.G. piben, biben; tremble y LA3. 23530, 

25242, 27718 ; blveS (pres) GEN. & ex. 2280; 

beoveden (pret) Laj. 28357. 
bi-w&Teiiy v., O.E. bewaefan, = Goth, bi- 

vaibjah; clothe \ biwgfde (/r^/.) LA3. 28474 ; 



bi-wdpen. 

biw§ved (pple) Misc 55, 140; Aus. 1085; 

biweved hii were bothe mid Welsse mantles 

Rob. 539; biwaeived Laj. 22132; mid wintre 

he wes biweaved 130. 
bi-wailen, biweilen, v., bewaily Ch. C. t. 

B2(i ; biweile WiCL. gen. xxiii. i ; biweile{> 

(pres) Alis. 4395 ; biwallinge (pple) Ch. 

TRO.iv. 1223; biweilddest (/r^/.j Ch.Boet. 

i. 6 (26). 
bi-waine, be-wame, be-wan^e, sb., profity 

gatHy Barb. leg. II. 130, 136. 
bi-wiken,v., J/.y7.(9.bewachen ; watch about y 

GEN. & ex. 2444 ; biwake S. S. (Web.) 2764 ; 

Al. (T.) 565 ; biw^eden (pret) hom. II. 35 ; 

hine biwakeden in )>ere nihte ^ritd hundred 

cnihten (r. cnihte) Lai. 7576 ; biwoken Orm. 

3339 ; bewAked (pple) Gow. II. 350. 
bi-wallen, \.y—M.L.G. bewallen ; surround 

with a wall'y biwalled (pple) LA3. 18607 ; 

LEG. 177. 
bi-walwien, v., O.E. bewealwian; wallow 

about \ biwalede (pret) hine a blode Laj. 

27744 ; biwaled [biwalewed] (pple) on axen 

25989. 

bi-wappeiiy v., f astonish \ bewaped (pple) 

Beves 1689 ; bewhapped and assoted Gow. 
III. 4; bevapid Fer. 3037. 

bi-wdrien, v., invest (money), lay outy expend : 
if |?e clerk beware his faij> in chapmanhode at 
such a faire Gow. I. 262 ; bi wit is wel bi- 
wAred (pple) Ch. Tro. i. 036. 

bi-wedden, v., O.E. beweddian, = O.Fris. 
biweddia ; wed\ biwedded (pple) frag. 8 ; 
HOM. I. 149 ; a king of Britame havede heo 
biwedded Laj. 4500; his biweddede wif 
31960. 

bi-weiy sh.y—M.H.G. biwec; by-way y Man. 
(F.) 10145. 

biweilen, see biwailen. 

bi-w61de,v., .?yi7r3ew61don; wield; bewelde 
Gow. I. 312; biwalt (pres) HOM. II. 25; 
biwdlden (pret) hom. II. 87. 

bi-wellen, v., well up \ bewel Trev. I. hi. 

bi-wenden, v., O.E. bewendan, = O.H.G. 
bewenden, Goth, biwandjan ; turn awayy turn 
round : to hwuche of }>eos foure mei he him 
biwenden A. R. 306 ; (hit) biwent (pres) him 
ofte 132 ; biwende (pret) Kath. 2362 ; Jesus 
hine biwende Misc 45 ; biwente Horn (L.) 
321 (R. 329) ; Map 334 ; bewent K. T. 1026 ; 
heo biwenden heom sone LA3. 26576. 

bi-weorpen, v., O.E. beweorpan, = OJ..G. 
bi-, bewerpan, O.H.G. piwerfan ; overwhelm : 
mid holiwatere beworpen (pple) frag. 7. 

bi-wepen, v., O.E. bewepan, = O.Fris. bi- 
wepa ; weepfory hom. 1. 39 ; A. R. 108 ; Orm. 
15 136; biwepen Misc 78; biwepc O. & N. 
980 ; biwepe Shor. 102 ; R. R. 5121 ; biwepe 
(moisten) Pall. iv. 61 ; blwSop (pret) a. r. 
278; biweop Alis. 3655; biwiep hom. IL 
145 ; biweopen Marh. 21 ; biwepte Gow. 



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bi-wepen. 



blac. 



73 



III. 182; WiCL. GEN. 1; bewdpen (^ie.) 

Ch. Tro. iv. 916 ; here visage al biwope 

(covered with tears) s. S. (Web.) 11 86; 

biweped Will. 661. 

biw§pere, sb., one who beweeps\ biwe- 

peris (//.) WiCL. wiSD. xviii. 10. 
bi-werian, v., 0,E, bewerian, OX,G, bi- 

werien, 0,H,G, piwerian ; defend, hom. 1. 15 ; 

biwerien P. L. S. viii. 168 ; bu . . . biwerettt 

manne com from deore O. & N. 1 126. 
bi-weten, v., wety moisten \ biwSt {pple,) 

Pall. vL i 10 ; wi^ teres al bewet Halhw. 

171. 
bi-wSven, v., whirl away; btwdft (pret,) 

C M. 24109 ; biwafde Laj. 30856. 
bi-wiocheiiy v., bewitch; bewicche Mand. 

159; biwioched (pret,) Langl. ^xix. 151 ; 

biwioobed (ppie,) Trev. II. 423 ; biwucched 

(sec, text biwicched) La^. 24276. 
bi-wijelien, v., delude, deceive, Laj. 969 ; bi- 

wihelen [biwihelin] Jul. 56, 57. 
bi-wHen, v., ? ^biwi^elien; rel. 1. 182 (misc. 

123) ; biwiled (pple,) Shor. 67 ; Gaw. 2425. 
bi-wimplen, v., =• M,L,G,, M,Du, bewim- 

Sen; cover with a wimple; be wimpled 
ffU) Gow. II. 359. 

bi-winden, v., 0,E, bi-, bewindan, = Goth, 
biwindan, 0,H,G. piwintan ; wind around : 
biwinden )^e rapes HOM. I. 47 ; biwlnde'S 
(pres,) HOM. II. 95; biwond (pret) leg. 
88; biwunden (pple.) ]\5h. 76; mid seorwe 
biwunden frag. 5 ; wi]^ }»ornis al bewonde 
P. L. s. vi. 3 ; bewoimde Gow. II. 295. 

bi-wiimen, y.,^M,H.G. bewinnen, for 50- 
winnen; win, LA3. 472 ; biwinne Fl. & Bl. 
374 ; CHR. E. 465 ; biwinneS (pres:) H. M. 
29; biwan (pret,) Rob. 420; biwan, -won 
La^ 29, 4674; biwon hom. I. 41 ; \\x biwunne 
LA3. 7878 ; Theo) biwunnen [biwonne] 3782 ; 
biwminen (pple.) a. r. 228 ; biwunnen [bi- 
wonne] Laj. 1311 ; biwonne an. lit. ii. 

bi-wifit, -west, sb., O.E. bi-, big wist /.; 
being, living, HOM. II. 161, 169; bewiste 
M. H. 69; CM. 13832; bewiste, beowust, 
beouste A. R. 156, 160 ; hubeo^ fine beouste 
La^. 17809 ; whar beo heore beouste (printed 
beonste) 26090. 

bi-viten, v., go away, Alis. 5203. 

bi-witen, v., 0.^.bewitan ; pret. bewiste ; take 
care of, HOM. I. 245 ; biwiten, -witten LA5. 
^59, 13782 ; biwlste, biwuste (pret.) LA5. 
207, 12920; biwistest lUL. 33; biwusten 
Misa 52 ; biwust (pple) a. r. 104. 

bi-iwiten, v., O.E. bewltan (pret. bewat) ; take 
care of; biwlt (pres.) Marh. 3 ; (ha) biwite^ 
H. M. 29; biwftt (pret.) LA3. 13028; bi- 
witwi (/^/f.) 19535. 

bi-witie, v., O.E. bewitian, bewitigan ; take 
care of, 1^3.6659*; biwitejen 25010; to bi- 
witiende (=biwitienne) HOM. II. 195; bi- 
wltede (pret.) LA3. 31013*. 



bi-wlappe, v., bewrap, WICL.JOB xviii. 11. 
bi-word, sh.,^ M.H.G. blwort ; byword, Sax. 

CHR. 259 ; biword Ch. Tro. iv. 769 ; Townl. 

96. 
bi-wrappen, v., wrap up ; schulen bewrappe 

^involvent^ WiCL.JOB xviii. 11 ; bewrapped 

(pple.) Will. 1735 ; biwrabbet a. r. 260*. 
bi-wrejen, v., = O.Fris. biwrogia, O.H.G, 

beruogen ; bewray, accuse, Ch. C. T. A 2229 ; 

bewrie Will. 2435 > bewreie (pres. subj.) 

M. T. 102 ; biwreide (pret.) Alis. 4562 ; 

bewreied (pple.) Gow. II. 356. 
biwreire, sb., one who reveals; bewraicr 

^recelator^ PR. p. 34. 
biwreiingy sb., action of revealing, Ch. C. 

T. G 147. 
bi-wr6ke, avenge; bewreke Rich. 6283; 

LiDG. Troy ii. 16. 
bi-wrenoben, v., O.E. bewrencan ; deceive ; 

biwrencheS (pres.) A. R. 92. 
bi-wreon, v., O.E. bewreon ; cover ; biwreo, 

-wro o. & N. 673 ; biwrietb (pres.) Alis. 

6453 ; biwri^en [biwreje] (pple.) LA3. 5366 ; 

biwrien A. R. 262. 
bi-wrixleiiy v., ybr jewrixlen ; change; bl- 

wrixled (pple.) A. R. 310. 
bi-wiirohen, v., O.E. bewjrrcan ; work ; be- 

wrogbt (pple.) Egl. 1152. 
bla, adj., O.N. blar, = O.E. blaw, blaw, O.Fris. 

blau, O.H.G. blaw, fLat. fiavus; blue-black, 

livid, PR. c. 5261 ; blaa I SUM. 31 1 ; bio Hickes 

I. 230 ; SPEC. 86 ; Rich. 2644 ; Trist. 2976 ; 

Man. (H.) i 73 ; reed and bio gen. & ex. 637 ; 

bio and blac Map 335 ; ))e water so bio £m. 

318; as bio as led Townl. 224; bio [bloo] 

askes Langl. B iii. 97 ; bloo * lividus ' PR. P. 

40 ; bloo ^fulvus ' REL. 1.8; blodi and bloo 

LUD. Cov. 335. 

bl6-erj>e, sb., * argilla^ PR. P. 40. 
bla-mon, sb., O.N. blama^r; Moor, Marh. 

10; blac as a bloamon [blamon] A. R. 236 ; 

Woman OCTOV.(W.) 1405; bla-,bldmen (pi.) 

c. M. 2118 ; blomen Trev. I. 45; of Ethiope 

he brohte fa bleomen LA3. 25380. 
bl&nesse» sb., blueness, lividity; blonesse 

*livor* PR. P. 40; blones WiCL. ex. xxi. 25. 

blabbe, sb., blabber, tell-tale, Ch. Troil. iii. 
251 ; PR. p. 37 ; blab (chatter) Ber. 3022. 

blaberen, v., cf. Dan. blabbre, Ger. blappern ; 

blabber, WiCL. prol. i Esdr. ; blaberin * bla- 

tero* PR. P. 37; )>eu blaberest Halliw. 180; 

bei blaberin LUD. Cov. 164; i blaberde Langl. 

^v. 8. 
blabir-lippid, adj., with swollen lips, oath. 

33 ; DiGB. iii. 927 ; cf. babir-lippid. 
blac, adj., OJB. h\xc, = M.Du. black, O.N. 

blakkr; black, LA3. 3070; A. R. 234; HAV.555; 

treat. 133; Fer. 2437; b\ak*niger, ater' 

PR. P. 38 ; Ch. C. t. A 2130 ; Mand. 51 ; k. 

T. 773 ; blak and bio spec 68 ; Townl. 224 ; 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



74 



blad. 



blanchard. 



be blake deovil HOM. 1. 251 ; blake (//.) hom. 
I. 51 ; blake monekes ROB. 433 ; ))a blake 
cla¥es Laj. 13102 ; blaeere (compar,) Marh. 
10 ; blakkure MISC. 149. 
blak-berie, sb., O.^'.blaecberige ; bl(ukberry^ 
Halliw. 180; (tns. blake bene) voc. 140; 
Will. 1809. 

blac, adj., O.E. blaec, M,Du, black, O.H,G, 
plach, blach, O.N, blek n.; ink ; blek ^ atra- 
mentum ' PR. P. 39 ; blacche, blacchepot 
voc. 181. 

blac, adj., O.E, blac, blaec, =aZ.C;. blec, 0,N, 
bleikr, O.H,G, pleich, mod,Eng, bleak ; pale^ 
LA3. 19888 ; HOM. 1. 249 ; blac ant won SPEC. 
74; blak L. H. R. 150; ANT. Arth. li; bloc 
A. R. 332 ; bleche ayenb. 53 ; Gow. II. 210 ; 
bleik 'pallidus* PR. P. 39; LiDG. Th. 2332; 
bl&ke {pL) LA5. 1888; weren for hunger grene 
and bleike Hav. 470. 

blad, sb., 0,E, blaed, - O.L.G. Wad, O.N. h\2c6, 
O.H.G. blat ; blade (of grass^ of a sword), 
Fer. 4433; )>at blad AUD. 12; blad, blade 
PR. P. 37 ; blade Ch. C. t. A 618 ; blAde {dat.) 
Man. (F.) 10039 ; comp. windel-blad. 
blad-smith, sb., PR. P. 37 ; D. Troy 1592. 

blddin, v.,« M.L.G. bladen, M.H.G. blaten ; 
blade (in two senses) : bladyn herbys ^detirso^ 
bladyn haftys * sdndulo ' PR. P. 37. 

bladre, sb., O.E. blzedre, blaeddre,— il/.Z,.G^. 
bladere, bledere, M.Du. blaere, O.N, bla^ra, 
O.H.G. platra, blatra ; from bl&wen ; bladder \ 
blader rel. I. 190 ; bladdre Ch. C. t. G 439 ; 
bleddre A. R. 282; Shor. 2 ; bleddere, bledder 
PL. CR. 222 ; bleddir * vesica * PR. P. 39 ; bloure 
(ms. blowre) Townl. 62 ; blore York xxvi. 
188; bl&dran, bl&dre (dal.) leechd. III. 
82, 84. 

bladren, v., f swell like a bladder \ bladdir]) 
(pres) N. P. 66. 

blGBd, sb., O.E. blsed, bla^, treat, ij^cf. O. 
H.G. plat; from bl&wen; blasts breath \ 
bleade (dat) hom. I. 97. 
blfttS-flBBt, adj., O.E. blsedfaest ; f pros- 
perous, famous La^. 1 01 00, 6986. 

bl*8, sb.,=J/.Z>w. blaes, J/.//.6^. bias ; blast, 
bles A. R. 82 ; windes bles misc 93 ; CL. M. 
30; bias Fer. 2648 ; blase (dat.) LA5. 27818. 

bleesen, y.,=O.E. blaesan, O.N. blasa, O.H.G. 
blasen ; blow : he gan to blasen out a soun 
Ch. h. f. 1802. 

blG&st, sb., O.E. h]xst,= O.H.G., M.Du. blast, 
O.N. blastr ; from blSsen; blast : bemene blaest 
Laj. 19926 ; blest ayenb. 203 ; blast '^atus * 
PR. P. 38 ; treat. 136 ; spec 106 ; Ch. Tro. 
ii. 1387 ; homes blast GEN. & ex. 3464; REL. I. 
223 ; windes blast Alis. 235* ; s. & c. I. lii ; 
blaast Trey. IV. 371; bl&ste (da/.) Brd. 19; 
wi)> strengbe of his blast (e) J)e white brent )>an 
rede Ar. & Mer. i 538 ; comp. )>oner-bl&8t. 

bls&steiiy v., O.E.hlxstaxi; blast, brecUhe heavi- 
ly ; Waste Brd. 27 ; leg. 167 ; and gan to 



puffen and to blaste Ch. h. f. 1866 ; he grunte 
and blaste P. L. S. xv. 99 ; blasten Alis. 5348 
comp. a-blesten. 

bleetexiy v., O.E. blaetan,=6>./^.6^. plazan; 
bleat', bletin ^balo' PR. P. 39; blete leg. 
152 ; Langl. Cxviii. 38 ; Ber. 3245 ; Townl. 
106; biate)> (pres.) Orm. 1315; bletinge 
(pple.) Trey. IV. 153. 
bletinge, sh., = O.H.G. plazunga; bleating, 

* balatusi PR. P. 39. 

bleSy see bl&d, bl§8, and bleatS* 

blaffen, y.,=M.Du. blaffen; stammer; wlaffes 

^balbeie^ VOC. 173; wlafllng (pple.) LEG. 

119. 
blaffere, sb., stammerer, Uraulus,* PR. P. 

37 ; wlaffere ayenb. 262. 
blaffordy sb., f M.Du. blalfeert; stammerer, 

* traulus,^ PR. P. 37. 
blaky see blao. 

blake, sb., blackness : biholden ever his Wake 
& nout his hwite A. R. 282. 

blakeberied [v. r. blakberied, blakburled], 
sb., cf begge)>; hir soules goon a blake- 
beried (f a-blackberrying) CH. C. T. C406. 

blakien, v., O.E. blacian,- O.N. bleikja, O. 
H.G. Weichen ; turn pale, Marh. 9; his neb 
bigon to blakien [blokie] Laj. 19799 ; blakcn 
Man. (H.) 183 ; blake ay. Arth. xv ; J>anne 
gan bleiken here We P. S. 341 ; hwenne |>in 
heou bloke}> (pres.) MISC. loi ; blAkede 
(pret:) LA3. 7524. 

blakin, v., O.E. blacian ; blacken, PR. P. 38 ; 
Waken, Wake c. M. 14747; blake}> (pres.) 
Shor. 155 ; blakede (pret.) Jul. 48 ; blaked 
(Ppie.)Z^.Z.i.Biyi\. 

blaknen, v. : he bigan ... wit hem ful sore to 
blakne (look black, grow angry) Hay. 2165. 

blaknen, v., ?= blakien ; of deithe nammore 
to blokne Shor. 4. 

bl&me, sb., O.Fr. blasme ; blame, h. m. 33 ; 

Horn (L.) 1265 ; p. l. s. xxii. 4 ; ayenb. 23. 

bl&mable, adj., blameable. Trey. VI. 25. 

bl&me-flil, adj., imputing blcune, blame- 

worthy,V^lCL. ESTH. xvi. 6; blamefull Kath.^ 

106. 

bl&meful-(l)i, adv., apol. 112. 
bl&me-les, adj., blameless. Trey. I. 251 ; 
Gow. III. 220. 

blamen, v., O.Fr. blasmer ; blame, A. R. 64 (v. 
r. lastin j ; blame Marg. 200 ; blftmeS (pres.) 
HOM. II. 73; blame]» ayenb. 17; bl&mede 
(pret.) Rob. 272. 

bl&mer, sb., one who blames; blftmeres 
(//.) WiCL. Is. 1. 6. 

blano, adj., O.Fr. h\?inc, from O.H.G. blanch ; 
mod.Eng. blank ; shining, white ; blonc rel. 
I. 37 ; his blonk sadel Gaw. 2012. 

blanohardy adj., O.Fr. Wanchart; whitish, 
Gener. 2458 : stedis . . . baith blanchart and 
bai Gaw. & GOL. II. 19. 



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blanchet. 



bleddre. 



75 



bla&ohety sb., Fr, blanchet ; a sort of painty 

HOM. I. 53. 

blanohin, v., Fr, blanchir ; blanch^ PR. P. 38 ; 
blawnoliede(/^/^.)^*ARTH.304o; blanched 

P. P. II. 50. 
blano-mangerey sb., 0,Fr. blanc-manger ; 

blanc-mane^, Langl. B xiii. 91 ; blankmanger 

Ch. C.T.J 387. 
bland, sb., 0,E,, 6>jV. bland ; mixture ; in 

bland together Alex. 2786 ; Gaw. 1204 ; a. p. 

iL885. 
blanden, v., 0.E, blandan, 0,N. blanda,= 

Goth, blandan, MJht, blanden, O.H.G, blan- 

tan ; mix : blonde hit with milke L. a C 24 ; 

blande (fiple,) Gaw. 1931. 
blanden, v., OJ^r, blandir; blandish^ flatter \ 

blonde}> (pres,) Shor. 73 ; blaundissinge 

(pple.) Ch. Boet. ii. I (30). 
blandere, sh,^ flatterer \ blondere AYENB.61. 
blandinge, sb., blandishing ; blandinge 

AYENB. 75 ; blandis(s)inge P. L. S. xix. 165. 
blandissen, see blanden. 
blfinesse, see under bl&. 
blanke, sb., 0,E, blanca- blonca ; cf, 0,H,G, 

blanc ros, also planchaz {white horse) ; (white, 

grey) horse; blonke Will. 3326 ; ant.Arth. 

xliii ; blanken,blonken (//.) LA3. 5862, 135 12. 
blanket, sb., O.Fr. blanquete ; coarse woollen 

cloth, blanket, Bek. 1107; hir belle was of 

blonket (f printed blenket) ant. Arth. (R.) 

xxix (M. plonket) ; see blanohet. 
bldren, v.,=J/J[?«. blaeren (vagire, balare); 

weep noisily ; blorin ^fleo * PR. P. 40. 
blaa, see bU§8. 
bl&se, sb., OJ?. blaese ; blaze, flame, torch, HOM. 

1. 185 ; A. R. 254 ; Hav. 1254 ; Langl. B xvii. 

212; Ch. Tro. iv. 184; Ber. 2352; enne 

blase of fiire La^. 2859 ; ]>ei setten al on blase 

Gow. II. 244; blase, blese PR. P. 39; c, M. 

8877; bl48en(//.) A. R. 254; blesen f/oaV^wj^ 

John xviii. 3. 
bUben, v., blase, ^flammoj bksin PR. P. 

38; brennen & blasen Langl. ^xvii. 232; 

bM8e}> (pres,) Trev. I. 5 ; Gow. 1. 258 ; vort 

al )«t hus blasie vor^ A. R. 296; biased {pret^ 

Aus.* (Sk.) 729. 
bl&8inge, sb. & adj., flaming, ^ flcunmacio^ 

PR. P. 38 ; biasing starre (cynosure) P. R. L. P. 

54. 

blfiaen, see blSsen. 

blaaflBme, sb. & adj., blasphemer, blas- 
phemous : shulden siche blasfemes be stoned 

to deej> WiCL. S. w. III. 347; heithen and 

bkisfeme men WiCL. 2 Macc. x. 4. 
blasflmen, v., Fr. blasphemier, Gr. fi\acr<f>fj- 

luu^; blaspheme; blasfilme^ (pres,) ayenb. 

30; blasfgmed, blasphemed (pple.) Ch. C. 

T. Z?2i83. 

blasfemie, sb., Fr, blaspheme, Gr.pKaa<f>rjfila; 

blasphemy, a. R. 198 ; AYENB. 57. 



blasfemonr, blasphemonr, sb., blasphemer, 

Ch. C. t. Z?22I3. 
blasoun, sb., O.Fr. blason; blazon, shield, 

Gaw. 828 ; Rich. 5727. 
bl&st, see blsat. 
blaiinner, sb., kind of fur, Gaw. 155 ; blau- 

ner B. disc. 117 [blaundemere F\ 
blawen, v., 0,E, blawan, = 0,H,G, plaen, 

f^lahen, Lat, flare ; blow (as the wind), Alis. 
Web.) 5630 ; blawen, blauwen, blowen La^. 
79o> 794> 4462 ; blauwen HOM. I. 81 ; blawe 
Hav. 587 ; Isum. 393 ; blaue ant. Arth. xxvi ; 
bloawen A. R. 210 ; blowe Hav. 913 ; Rob. 7 ; 
Ch. C. t. a 565 ; blowe & blaste Marg. 213 ; 
bragge or blowe LUD. Cov. 183; bl&u|> (pres,) 
AYENB. 25 ; bostus and blawus A v. Arth. xxiii ; 
(hi) blawe)> ayenb. 24 ; \e engles . . . blowef 
heore heme Misc. 163 ; bl&we [blou] (imper,) 
Laj. 25789; blou Hav. 585; spec 51; ajrfeo 
bemen blowen frag. 7; bl&wende (pple,) 
HOM. I. 87; blowand Will. 3358; bldow 
(pret,) HOM. I. 221 ; bleow Alis. 491 ; bleou, 
bleu LA3. 808, 1762 ; atter J>et be aide deovel 
bl(e)ou on Adam hom. 1. 75 ; blew gen. & ex. 
3085 ; bleu HOM. II. 19 ; misc. 55 ; Brd. 24 ; 
leg. 165 ; c m. 12540; (ms, blew) Rob. 13 ; 
Langl. ^ v. 515 ; blu av. Arth. xv ; bleowen 
Mat. vii. 27 ; bleowen, blewen [bleuwen] LA3. 
5107,22061; bleweCH.C.T.-ff4589; bl&wen 
(pple,) PR. c 685 ; TowNL. 14; blowen Langl. 
By,\Z; s. s. (Wr.) 2i8i ; comp, a-bl&wen ; 
deriv, blAd, bl&dre. 

bl&were, sb., 0.E, blawere ; blower ; blower 
Trist. 535 ; comp, hom-bl&were. 
bl&wing, sb., 0,E, blawung; blowing, 
breathing, HOM. I. 75 ; blawing Gaw. 1601 ; 
blowinge A. R. 426 ; blowinge PR. P. 41. 

ble, see bldo. blead, see bldd. 

bleat) adj., 0,E, bleat ; wretched, = 0,N, blautr 
(soft), O.Fris, blat, M.Du, bloot, M,H,G, bloz 
(naked) ; naked,wretched: we habbe^ . . . moni 
aenne gode wifmon iworht to bletere widewe 
La^. 23620 ; treon . . . mid J)icke boje no )>ing 
blete O. & N. 616. 

bleaSy sb., 0,E, blea^ (ignavus, timidus),^ 
0,N, blau«r, 0,L,G, bloth, 0,H,G, blod; 
timid; soft : dre(d)ful and ble^ GEN. & EX. 
2590; blaeS (/>r blaet) La^. 18737. 

blecchen, v., from blao; blacken; blekkin 
PR. p. 39; iblsBcohed (pple.) LA3. 17700; 
bleckid WiCL. Job xxx. 30. 

blecen, v., O.Fr, blecier, blecher ( = mod.Fr, 
blesser); hurt, wound; bleclie)> (pres,) 
AYENB. 40, 238 ; blisBid (pple,) Rich. 546. 

bleohOy see blfto. 

bleohen, v., 0,E, blsecan (pple, blaeced) ; from 
blfto; bleach, HOM. II. 57; bleched (pple,) 
Ch. Boet. app. i. 45 ; wule a weob beon 
. . . mid one watere wel ibleched A. R. 324. 

bleoken, see blecohen, 

bleddre, see bladre. 



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blede. 



bldtsien. 



blede, sb^ O.E. bled, - O.H.G, bluot/y from 
blowen ; flower^ bloom, hom. 1 1. 256 ; leg. 85 ; 
)>ar never gras ne spring]) ne bled o. & N. 1042; 
withoute eni blede (offspring) Al. (T.) 27; 
bledo, blsede, blaeden (eariter text bleda) (pL) 
John xv. 2, 4, 16 ; bleden [bledes] LA3. 28832. 

bleden, v., (9.^. bledan, = O.Frts. bleda, 
OJJ,G. bluoten ; from blod ; bieed ; blede 
Hav. 103; Gow. 1. 188; TRIAM.379; bl^de 
(pret,) Laj. 7523 ; A. R. 1 14 ; Langl. B xix. 
103 ; his woundes bledden Alis. 5845; comp, 
bi-bleden« 

blee, see bldo. 

bleik, bleiken, see blfte, bldMen. 

bleine, sb., 0,E. blegen, = Dan, blegn, M.Du. 
bleine/y blain, * papula* PR. P. 39; blein GEN. 
& EX. 3037 ; bleine (dat) R. R. 553 ; blelnes 
ipL) WiCL. EXOD. ix. 9 ; pokkis and bleines 
Flor. 2024; bleinen (dat,pL) Marh. 18. 
bleininge, sb., blistering^ PL. CR. 299. 

bleky see blac. 

bleliy ?Ay.y.for bletlieli=bH)>liclie; will- 
ingly^iQU E. w. 417 ; Parton. 771. 

blemifiseily v., 0,Fr, blesmir ; blemish ; blem- 
ishen, blemschin ^objusco* PR. P. 39; ble- 
misBed (pple.) Ch. Boet. i. 4 (20) ; ai blemi- 
schid is thi ble Townl. 223. 

blenohy sb., trick, deceit, R. s. i (misc 156) ; 
AYENB. 130; A. p. ii. 1202 ; blank Man. (H.) 
201 ; blink H. s. 4185 ; blenches (//.) o. & N. 
378 ; blenkes Hav. 307. 

blenchen, blenken, v., 0,E, blencan,= (9.A^. 
blekkja ; blench, flinch, steal awc^, deceive, 
HOM. I. 55 : a vleih mei eilen \t & makien be 
to blenchen A. R. 276 ; ich am war and blinte 
can wel blenche O. & N. 170; ^if ]>ou . . . 
fram him ndt blenche LEG. 157; fanne 
shaltou blenche at a berghe Langl. ^ v. 589 ; 
his ie gan blenche H. S. 3576 ; blinche a strok 
Bek. 2172; blenke Man. (H.) 115 ; D. Troy 
2483 ; D. Arth. 2857 ; blenchi)> (pres,) LiDG. 
M.P.215 ; blenete, blenchte (pret,) Jul. 72,73; 
bleinte La^. 1460 ; Ch. C. t. A 1078 ; (ms. 
blenyte) Rob. 338; bleint Man. (F.) 1522; 
Tristrem bleint bi side Trist. 2779; bei lokede 
aboute & bleinte bihinde )>e busch WILL. 31 1 1 ; 
bot dauid sagh and blenked (v,r. blenkid, 
blenched) lau c. M. 7668 ; comp, at-blenohen. 

blenden, v., OJ^, blendan, = 0,Fris. blenda, 
0.77.(7. blenden ; make blind-, blende MISC. 
ZZ\ Langl. Bth. 129; Ch. Tro. iii. 207; 
blende)> {pres,) ayenb. 33 ; blende)> mannes 
heorte Orm. 4525 ; blent HOM. L 251 ; Ch. p. 
F. 600 ; blende (pret,) LA5. 29361 ; R. S. iv ; 
A. P. ii. 1788 ; comp, a-, for-, ^e-blenden. 

blendeiiy v., 0,E, blendan; from blanden; 
blend, mingle ; blende TowNL. 225 ; blende 
(pret,) Gaw. 1 361 ; blent (pple,) D. Troy 
3493. 

blenky see blench. 

blenken, see blenohen and blinken. 



bl6o, sb., 0,E. bleo, bleoh, bleo, M.Du, blie, 

OJ^ris, bUe, bll, O.L,G, bli n,; colour, com- 
plexion, Marh. 9; spec. 33; feire on bleo 

MISC. 95 ; hit . . . change^ his bleo treat. 

139; bleo, bio o. & N. 152, 1547; blee Octav. 

(H.) 50 ; bright of blee Egl. 33 ; ble GEN. & 

EX. 457 ; Will. 3083 ; a. p. i. 212 ; Townl. 

223 ; blie Shor. 103 ; bleos (gen,) frag. 3 ; 

ones bles gen. & ex. 1725. 
[bler^ sb.,=G^^r. blerr; soreness of eyes ^ 
bler-ei^ed, adj., cf, L,G, bleer-oged ; blear- 

eyed\ blereyed ' lippus^ PR. P. 39; VOC. 225 ; 

blereijed WiCL. lev. xxi. 20; blereighed 

Langl. Biss'xx, 324. 
bl^ren, v., cf Swed, blira, plira ; blear (the 

eyes) ; blink, wink ; blere RICH. 3708 ; P. 41 ; 

jit schal i blere here ie Ch. C. t. .^4049; 

1 bleri REL. XL 211 ; j>ou blerest nojt so min 

eje Fer. 507; bl6red (pret.) Langl. A 

PROL. 71 ; blerid s. S. (Wr.) 2952 ; blared 

(pple.) R. R. 3912 ; Gaw. 963. 
bl^ren [? bleren], v., protrude the tongue : 

grin on him and blere PR. a 2226 ; with bi 

tunge on folk )k)u bleere H. V. 60 ; bleride 

(pret) D. Arth. 782. 
bldriy adj., bleared-, bleri \v,r, blered] eien 

Langl. Cvii. 198. 
blesy see bids, 
blesohin, v., cf M, Du. bleschen (? = beleschen), 

0,L.G, leskian, 0,H,G, lescan; quench^ *ex' 

tinguo,* PR. P. 39 ; blissen GEN. & EX. 553 ; 

and ¥is fier blessede 3803. 
blesohinge, sb., quenching, ^ extinction PR. 

P. 39. 

blese, see blaae. 
blesmin, \,,from 0,N, blaesma (maris appe^ 

tens) ; desire the ram, cath. 34* ; blismed 

(pple,) PS. kxvii. 70. 
blessen, see bleschin. blessien, see bletsien. 
blesty see blctet. blet, see bleat, 
bleten, see blSten. 

bldtsien, v., 0,E, bletsian, bledsian, bliedsian; 
from blod, orig. meaning ^sprinkle with 

blood\ see Angl. III. 156 ; bless; (printed 

blecsien) frag. 7; bletseijen Laj. 32157; 

blescien hom. I. 215 ; blessi Misc 55 ; blecen 

HOM. 1. 57 ; blessen, blissen Ch. C. t. A 3448 ; 

blisse LUD. Cov. 50 ; blesoeS (pres,) hom. I. 

137; blesse (imper,) AN. UT. 7; blesce ))e 

. . . mid te eadie rode tocne A. R. 290; 

bletaede (pret) Mk. viii. 7 ; blessede Rob. 

•338 ; heo blescede hire Marh. 17 ; bliscede 

GEN. & EX. 1546; & blessed so wib his bri3t 

bront aboute Will. 1192; blesseden WiLU 

196 ; blettsedd (pple,) Orm. 4826 ; bledsed 

HOM. IL 25 ; blessed SPEC. 83 ; blissed Hav. 

2873 ; and wolde have blissid (stricken) him 

bet Rich. 546 ; his blissede zone ayenb. 87 ; 

comp, ^e-blesBien. 
blessed-fUl, didi],, full of blessing; bl(i)ssidful 

C M. 1 1234; blestful N. E. D. 917. 



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bldtsien. 



blissien. 



77 



blessed-hed, sb., blessedness, S. A. L. 82 ; 

blissedhede AYENa 97. 
ble08id-li, adv., blessedly, WiCL. GEN. xxx. 

10; bleasedloourre (contp.) Ed. 371 i. 
blfttsincr* sb., 0,E, bletsung ; blessing, Orm. 

10661; blessunge HOM. I. 71; A. R. 154; 

bkssinge Laj. 13261 ; blissinge ayenb. 97 ; 

bliscing GEN. & EX. 1532. 
bleSy see bl§atS. 
bleti, adj., 0,Fr. bleu; blue, c. l. 712 ; CM. 

9920 (sub,)\ blew PR. P. 41 ; Trist. 2404; 

Alis. 5272; Gow. III. 158; Ch. C. t. E 

2219; bleu as inde M AND. 48; blewe askes 

Langl. Civ. 125. 
bleven^ see hlAMsn. 
bliandy sb., OJ^r, bliaut, L,Lat, blialdus ; a 

sort of rich stuff, or garment made of it ; 

Uihand Trist. 410; bleaunt Gaw. 1928. 
bliohening, sb., mildew, Palu i. 827. 
blie, see bleo. 
bliken, v., 0,E. blTcan, = 0,N, bllkja,/r//. 

bleik, M,H,G, blTcben ; grow pale : his lippes 

shuUe bliken rel. I. 05; comp. a-blikon ; 

deriv. blfto. 
blilden, v., (9JV. blika, = M,H,G. blicken ; 

shine, gleam, LA5. 27360: schal blikien 

schenre ))en )« sunne A. R. 362; hire bleo 

blikie)> (for blike)>) so briht SPEC 52 ; bli- 

kinde (pple.) Marh. 13 ; blikede (pret,) 

Kath. 2396 ; blikked Gaw. 429. 
bliknen, v., 0,N. blikna ; glitter; grow pale : 

bliknande perles A. p. ii. 1467 ; |>enne blikned 

feble ii. 1759. 
blin, sb., O^, blinn; for *bl-liiine; ces- 

saiioni widuten blin C. M. 942; wit-outen 

blin 881, 1897. 
blind, adj., O.E, blind, = OX,G, blind, O.N, 

blindr, Goth, blinds, O.H,G. plint, blint; blind, 

Orm. 1859; Bek. 1695; ^^^^^ blind mon o. 

& N. 1237; ))e blinde man Gow. II. 210; 

blindne {ace. m.) HOM. I. iii ; aenne blindne 

Mr. viii. 22 ; |)es blinden hand 23 ; blinde 

{pi.) Kath. 1062 ; blindare (gen. pi.) Mat. 

XV. 14 ; comp. st&re-blind. 
blind-fbUen, v., strike blind, put out the 

eyes; blindfold', PR. P. 40 : ))auh ))u ))in eien 

blindfellie (subj.) A. R. 106; blindfellede 

(pret.) A. R. 106 ; Misc. 45 ; blindfeld 

ijple.) struck blind, C. M. 19615; blinfeld, 

VUnded, Man (H.) 54. 

blind^lbllimgey sb., blindfolding, a. r. 188. 
blin*lidde, sb., blindness, Hamp. ps. xcvi. 2. 
blind-hwarven, v., blind by spinning round: 

his ejen weore bUntwharveid (pple.) c, L. 
1 146. 
blindltmge, adv., = O.H.G. blintilingo; 

hUndly, Marh. 15. 
blindnesse, sb., O.E. blindness ; blindness, 

PR. P. 40 ; WiCL. 4 KINGS vi. 18 ; blindnisse 
Mk. iii. 5. 



blind- worm, sh.,—Swed. blindorm; blind- 
worm, YOG. 223. 

blindin, v., rf. O.N., O.Fris. blinda, Goth. 
eablindjan, O.H.G. plinden, blinden; make 
blind, PR. p. 40 ; s. S. ( Wr.) 2994 ; blindi)' 
(pres.) WiCL. s. w. I. 379 ; 11. v. 92 ; comp. 
a-blinden. 

blink, sb., =/?/!«., Swed. blink ; glimpse : ))e 
leste )K)ghte )>at of godenesse hadde ani 
blinke H. s. 4449 ; blinkes (//.) TEST. Cres. 
226. 

blink, see blench. 

blinken,v.,=Z>«. blinken (pret. blonk), Swed. 
blinka (pret. blinkade), Dan. blinke (pret. 
blinkede), mod.Eng. blink; shine, look at; 
before H i^en hit blenkis (.^for blinkes) 
(pres.) Halliw. 185 ; blenked (pret). Gaw. 
799 > qvenne ]>e balefulle birde blenked on 
his blod ANT. Arth. xlii ; deriv. blanc. 

blinnen, v., OJ^. blinnan for *bi-linnan,= 
O.H.G. pilinnan ; cease, Orm. 4505; Misc 195 ; 
blinnen, blinne gen. & ex. 289, 1963 ; blinne 
Rob. 302 ; Will. 55 ; p. s. 212 ; mir. pl. 3 ; 
belinne Gam. 557 ; blinneth (pres.) Hay. 
329; blan (pret.) Fer. 1626; Iw. 178; Degr. 
1117; AY. Arth. Iviii; blann Orm. 14565; 
blunne (ms. blinne, r. w. sunne) Hay. 2670. 
blinnunge, sb., cessation, Kath. 1694. 

blisohen, see bluschen. 

blismen, see blasmen. 

blisse, sb., O.E. bliss, h\^s\from blitJe; bliss, 

joy [^gaudium*], Lk.xv.io; HOM.I.7; Kath. 
1723 ; A. R. 192; Orm. 719; GEN. & EX. II ; 
Bek. 689; spec 61 ; Gow. II. 145 ; blisse, blis 
o.&N. 420, 1280; blis spec. 60; Alis. (Web.) 
2638 ; Trist. 2166 ; Ch. C. t. ^33 ; blisse 
wes on dale La^. 858 ; mid muchelere blisse 
2100 ; to )>ere blisse misc. 37 ; blisse (pl.) 
R. s. V (misc. 170) ; blissen [blisses] La^. 
9027 ; blissen A. R. 192 ; blissene (gen.pl.) 
AN. LIT. 96. 

blis-ftd, adj., blissful, HOM. I. 191 ; Kath. 
1879; Will. 1055 ; Ch. C. t. A 17; blisvol 
ayenb. 148 ; Y- blisftille (pl) tidinge hom. 
I. 'J'! ; blisfulle songes Laj. 9539. 

bli8fia-h§de» sb., blessedness, PR. C. 7836; 
CM. 6852; blisfulhed Hamp. ps. i. i. 

bliEriPu(l)-liohe, adv., blissfully ^ a. R. 40 ; 
blisvolliche ayenb. 94. 

blisfulnesse, sb., blissfulness, Ch. Boet. 
iv. 2 (113). 

blifisien, v., O.E. blissian, b]I|7sian; maJie 
hapPy ; ne mei nan mon . . . blissien him mid 
J)isse wordle \^^audere cum saeculo *] HOM. I. 
33 ; blissien mire du3e¥e La^. 19041 ; blissen 
HOM. II. 93 ; Orm. 444 ; bliscen A. R. 360 ; 
ich wiht . . . blisseb hit hwanne ich cume o. & 
N. 435 ; blissie (subj.) hom. I. 105 ; blisse 
O. & N. 478 ; J>ah 5e blissen ow J>rof Kath. 
848 ; yx havest blissed (pple.) min(e) soule 
HOM. II. 71; comp. ^e-blissien. 



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78 



blissien. 



bldsme. 



blissien, see bletsien. 

blister, sh,f= M,Du. bluister; d/ister, 6oi7, 

c. M. 6011 ; blifltres (//.) fl. & leaf 408. 
bliSe, adj., 0,E, bll«e, = 0,L.G. bli«, bllthi, 

O.N. bll«r, Go/A. bleij»s, O.I/.G. blldi ; 6/tUey 

glad^ cheerful y Kath. 1879 ; A. R. 348 ; bli^ 

and fagen gen. & ex. 1343 ; bli^ [blibe] La;. 

1379; blij)e Orm. 668; o. & N. 418 « Rob. 

1 14 ; HAV.651 ; AYENB. 87 ; Alis. 443 ; bli))e 

bode ihc ))e bringe ASS. 104; bli]>e stones 

Gaw. 162 ; bli)>e, blithe Ch. C. t. A 846 ; mi 

blithe fader D. Troy 2342 ; blive rel. I. 48 ; 

bliSre (compar.) frag. 6 ; La;. 2527 ; ich 

am |)e blij>ure O. & N. 1108 ; blit^Bst (superl.) 

La;. 31 147. 
blitJe-liche, adv., O.E. bll^ellce; blithely, 

A. R. 68 ; blijjeliche Brd. j ; blu^iche hom. 

I. 31 ; La;. 3304 ; bli)>ehche, ble))eli Will. 

819, 1 144; blej>eliche S. S. (Web.) 503 ; blibe- 

like Orm. 035 ; bli)>eli Man. (H.) 163 ; 

bliSeluker (compar.) H. M. 3. 
birSe-mdd, adj., 0,E. bll^mdd ; of cheerful 

mood, La;. 29701. 
blijJeness©, sb., 0,E, bli^ess, O.H.G, blid- 

nissa; blithenessyjoy, Boet. ii. 3 (37). 
bli)>e, sb.,= O.A'l bll^a; joy, a. p. i. 354; 

L. c. C 36. 
bli)>e-fiil» adj., joyful, PS. ciii. 34* ; C M. 

17887. 
blithin, v., O.N. bli^a, = aZ.a bllthon, 

0,H.G. bllden; make blithe, ^ exhilaro^ PR. 

P. 40 ; blith(e) C. M. 17870 ; blithid (pret,) 

DEP. R. iii. 94. 
blive, see under lit 
bio, see bl&. blobure, see blubber, 
bloo, see blftc. 
blod, sb., O.E. blod, = OX,G,, O.Fris, blod, 

0,N, bl6«, Goth, bl6J», O.H,G. bluot, pluot ; 

blood, o. & N. 1 1 27; ))at blod La^. 23973; 

Orm. 1770 ; Rob. 172 ; Sarra ¥at faire blod 

GEN. & EX. 1 192; J>et blod AYENB. 2l8 ; 

blod, blood Ch. C. t. A 635 ; blood WiCL. 
John vi. 54 ; blud Iw. 2071 ; blodes swot 
swecU of blood A. R. 360 ; blodes flod Orm. 
155 16; bldde (dat:) HOM. I. 87; AYENB. 
107; heo were of on(e) blode Rob. 15 ; comp. 
heorte-blod. 

bldd-bend, sb., ligature for stopping bleed- 
ing, A. R. 420 ; Trist. 2208. 

blod-gute, sb., 0,E, blodgyte; bloodshed- 
ding, La;. 630. 

blod-hoimd, sb., bloodhound,^ ill, 2183; 
blodhond, D. Arth. 3640. 

blood-irin, sb., 0,H,G, pluotlsam; lancet, 
fleam, PR. p. 40. 

bl5d-leB, adj., 0,E, blodleas; bloodless, 
Kath. 251. 

blod-leB, sb., letting of blood, Trev. VI. 115. 

bldd-ldten, adj., ^ 0,N, blo^latinn; having 
been bled \ blodletene (men) A. R. 260. 



bl5d-l^tere, sb., bloodletter, voc. 2ii2 ; 
blodelater 195. 

blod-ldtun^, sb., blood-lettingy A. R. 1 14 ; 
blodleting HOM. L 283. 

• blod-read, adj., 0,E, bl5dread ; blood-red : 
of blodrede scarlet Rob. 313. 

blod-riine, sb., O.E, blodryne, = OJ^ris, 
blddrene ; issue of blood, hom. I. 207. 

blod-ssedinge, sb., bloodshedding, Rob. 
548. 

blod-Btream, sb.,=C7^r. blutstr5m; streafn 
of blood \ blddfltremes (//.) La;. 28359. 

blood-Boukere, sb., bloodsucker, Trev. IV. 
243- 

blod-Bwetunge, sb., blood-sweating, hom. 
I. 207. 

bl5d-wite, sb., 0,E. blodwTte; fine far 
bloodshedding, * quite de sane espandu^ rel- 
1.33- 

blod-wr^kere, sb., avenger of blood", blood- 
wreker JOS. xx. 5. 

blod-wurt, sh.,=^M,H.G. bluot wurz; blood- 
wort, REL. I. 36 ; blodwerte leechd. III. 
314. 

blodede, pple., stained with blood, LA5. 
2681 I. 

bldde;ien, blodeohen, v., 0,E, {ge)bldde- 

eian, = 0,N, bld^ga ; render bloody ; blodeke 

(subj,) A. R. 418 ; comp. bi-bl5de;ieii. 

blddl, adj., O.E. blodig, = O.L.G. blodag, 

OJV, blo^ugr, O.H,G. pluotag ; bloody, A. R. 

112; SPEC 62; AYENB. 46; PR. C 5261; bi his 

blodie swote hom. I. 207 ; blodie veldes La;. 
2681 1. 
bidding, sb., blcu:k pudding] bloodinges 

{pi,) TOWNL. 89. 

blok, sb., O.Fr. \Aoc,^M,Du. bloc, 0,H,G. 

bloch n, (cippus), piloch n. (clasisura) ; / block, 

* truncus, codex^ PR. P. 40 ; L. H. R. 141 ; a 

blok (inclosed space) as brod as a halle A. P. 

iii. 272 ; blookes (//.) Gow. 1. 314; blokkcs 

S. & C II. Ixvi. 
bldkien, see bl&kleii. 
blome, sb., 0,N, bl6mi,=O.Z.(7. blomo, Goth, 

bloma, 0,H,G, \\yioTS\Q\ from bldwen; bloom, 
flower, ^flosj PR, p. 40 ; Orm. 10773 ; Hay. 

63 ; H. V. 50; Man. (F.) 4166 ; ps. cii. 15 ; 

Flor. 686; IsuM. 176; Townl. 52. 
blomin, w.,=M,H,G, blomen, M,Du. bloe- 

men ; bloom,flower, ^floreo^v^, P. 40 ; blomen 

Orm. 10769 ; blome lud. Coy. 56 ; 'bldmede 

{pret,) GEN. & EX. 2061 ; blomed L. H. R. 

135. 
blono, see blanc. blonden, see blanden. 
blonder, see blunder, blonke, see blanke. 
blore, see bladre. bloren, see bl&ren. 
blose, sb., l=^Icel. blossi ; flame, torch, A. P. 

i. 910. 
bldsme, sb., 0,E. blosma, bl6stma,=^.Z-.(7., 

M.Du. blosem ; blossom^ H. m. 1 1 ; SPEC. 26 ; 



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bldsmi. 



boo. 



79 



Ch. C. t. a 3324 ; PR. P. 41 ; uppc J)are blosme 
HOM. II. 217; blosme, blostme Marh. 10; 
blostme A. R. 192 ; o. & N. 437 ; rel. II. 8 ; 
(ms, blosstme) Orm. 1928; blosmen (//.) 
A. S. 31 ; blostmen frag. 2 ; A. R. 276 ; blos- 
man, blostme hom. I. 5, 109; blosme Fl. 
& Bl. 294; blosme, blostme O. & N. 16; 
blostme, blostmes hom. II. 89, 161 ; blosmes 
SPEC 45 ; Langl. B xvi. 7 ; mid blostmen 
HOM. II. 89 ; wij> blosmen spec 43. 
bldsmi, adj., blossomyy Ch. p. f. 183. 
bl68inin, v., O.E, blostmian ; blossom , ^floreoj 
PR- P. 40 ; blosme WiCL. PS. bcxi. 16 ; blds- 
meth (pres:) Ch. C. t. E 1462 ; bldsmede 
(preL) Langl. B\, 140 (Wr. 2751); bldsmed 
XppU) R. R. 108. 
bldstmOy see bldsme. 

blot, sb., bloty Ch. C. t. / loio; a. p. i. 781 ; 
blott TowNL. 106 ; see plot, 
blote, adj., t sojft with moisture : your blote 
hides P. L. S. xiii. 154. 
blottin, v., bloty * oblitero! PR. p. 41. 
bloat, adj., O.N, blautr, ^=0,E, bleat ; so^ : 

he maden here backes al so bloute as here 

wombes Hav. 1910. 
blowe, sb., c/i O.H,G, bliuwan, Goth, bligg- 

van (beat) ; blowy act of striking ; blaw 

TowNL. 195 ; blowes (//.) s. & c II. be. 
blowen, v., O.E. bldwan, pret, bleow, = O.L.G, 

bldjan {pple. gebloid), O.H.G. plu5n {pret. 

plQhita) ; blow^ blossom ; blowe O. & N. 11 33 ; 

blowe REL. 1. 2i52 ; Roa 352 ; bldweS {presS 

HOM. 1. 193 ; A. R. 30 ; bleou [bloude] (pret^ 

Laj. 2013; blewe Angl. III. 280; bldwe 

(pple^ O. & N. 1636 ; comp. ^e-bldwen ; deriv. 

bldde, bldme. 
blowen, see blftwen. 
blubber, sb., mod.Eng. blubber; bubble, 

TEST. Cres. 192 ; blobure PR. P. 40. 
blubren, w.y=L,GeK blubbern; bubble up\ 

blubrande (pple.) A. P. ii. 1017; bloberond 

D. Troy 9642; |)e borne blubred (pret,) 

Gaw. 2174. 
[bl^n, v., 0,E, blygan, = M,H,G, blugen, 

bliugen ; terrify; comp, a-blu^en.] 
blunder, sb., blunder, Gaw. 18; blundur 

Flor. 1330 ; blunder, blonder Townl. 30, 

98. 
blnndren, v., blunder', we blundren [blond- 

rcn] Ch. C. t. G 670 ; thou blondirs bi selfen 

D. Arth. 3975 ; blondringe {pple,) Trev. 

11. 169. 

blunderer, sb., blunderer, PR. P. 40. 
blimderinge, sb., blundering, PR. P. 40. 
blunt, adj., blunt, * hebes,* PR. P. 41 ; A. P. i. 
176 ; blunt & blind Orm. 16954. 

blunten, v., f stagger; he blunt(e) in a bloc 

A. P. iil 272. 

blare, sb., f blister, swelling; grete loppis 

ouere all ^is lande f ei flye, that with byting 



makis mekiU blure York xi. 294 (Townl. 
blowre) ; so mani thus broght i on blure 
(r. w, cure) Townl. 310. 

blusch, sb., blush, Jos. 657 ; Gaw. 520. 

bliischen, v., 0,E. blyscan (rutilare) (Mone 
355)> = M,L,G, bloschen (candere, rubere) 
(Schiller I. 363) ; blush, shine forth, cast a 

glance ; blisohis (pres,) Alex. 872 ; blusch- 
ande (pple,) Gaw. 1819; blusohed (pret,) 
A. P. i. 979 ; blushit the sun D. Troy 4665 ; 
the king blischit on the berin D. Arth. 116 ; 
blushed red CT. love i 199. 

blueing, sb., from 0,E, blysian (to blaze),^ 
Swed, blysa (to shine, Rietz 42); biasing: 
the blising of the cole Ber. 561. 

bliienen, v., » shine ; blCienande, blisnande 
(pple,) A. P. i. 163, 1404 ; blisned (pret,) i. 
1047. 

blustren, v., rush wildly about ; blustered 
(pret,) A. P. ii. 886 ; blustrcden Langl. B v. 
521. 

bd, see bS^en. 

boban, -ant, sb., 0,Fr. boban; pomp; so 
prout he is and of so great boban Guy 2816 ; 
the bobant of the worlde K. L. 38. 

bobance, sb., 0,Fr, bobance; pomp, ostenta" 
tion, p. L. s. xii. 45 ; bobance, bobaunce 
Ch. C. t. Z? 569 ; bobaunce p. s. 189 ; Will. 
1071. 

bobbe, sb., bob, bunch, Gaw. 206 ; a bob of 
cheris Townl. 118; bobble (pL) of grapes 
Halliw. 190. 

bobbe, sb., cf Dan, bobbe, Swed, bobba 
(buprestis) ; some kind of insect : spiders, 
bobbs, and lice Halliw. 190. 

bobbin, v., cf Swed, bobba (knock against, 
Rietz 44); bob, l. h. r. 179; bobbende 
(pple^ 'illudentes' WiCL. 3 EsDR. i. 51 ; 
bobbed (pret,) S. S. (Web.) 2246 ; bobbiden 
REL. II. 45 ; bobbed (pple,) H. v. 126,; 
bobbid LiDG. M. P. 261. 

bobet, sb., slap, box on the ear, ^ colaphus^ 
PR. P. 41 ; see buffet. 

bobetin, v., slap, ^ colaphizoj PR. p. 41. 

bod, sb., 0,E, hoc, pi, bee (cognate with boc, 
a beech-tree), cf, O.N. bok, ^/. bdekr, Goth. 
boka (ypd/i/xa), pi, bokos / (tii&Kos), 0,Fris, 
bok, //. boka, b6k//i., 0,L,G, bok,//. bok 
n, f,, M,L,G, bak n,, 0,H,G, puoh, buoh, 
buoch,//. puoh/i.y book, Orm. 599 ; SPEC.41 ; 
J>eos boc Laj. 10 no; A. r. 12; J>a boc *//- 
brum * Lk. iv. 17 ; one boc A. R. 54 ; ^issere 
boc (earlier text bee) frag, i ; boc, bok 
o. & n. 1325 ; J>is boc, bok ayenb. i, 42 ; bok, 
buk PR. C 51, 336; bSch, \p,E, bee] (dat:), 
Lk. iii. 4 ; on lives bee Misc 71 ; baech Mk. 
i. 2 ; on )>ere boc hom. 1. 89 ; leomi bute boc 
learn without book (learn by heart) Misa 99 ; 
boke Ch. C. t. ^ 190 ; J>at Isered was o boke 
Orm. 8932; buke Iw. 1947; bee (nom, ace, 

; //.) FRAG. 8 ; HOM. I. loi ; baec, boc [bokes] 



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8o 



boc. 



boef. 



LA5. 53, 7263; bakes Orm. 581 i; in owre 
bokes Or boken) Kath. 839 ; boken (dot, 
pL) LA3. 6298 ; on boken frag. 6 ; hom. I. 
113 ; lered on . . . boken GEN. & EX. 4 ; in 
boke O. & N. 350. 

bdk-binder, sb., bookbindery D. Troy 
1589. 

boc-fel, sb., 0,E, bocfell, =a/f.6^. puohfel; 
parchment^ LA3. 50 ; Marh. 23. 

l>do-htU, sb., O.E, bochus ; library ; boc- 
hoiuie (4at,) ayenb. i. 

boo-llSred, adj., book-learned, LA5. 16915 ; 
bokilered REL. I. 170 ; boklered A. P. ii. 
1551. 

boo-leden, sb., 0,E, boclaeden ; book Lattriy 
HOM. I. 107. 

bdo-leomed, adj., book- learned \ boke-lomut 
bimus ANT. Arth. Iv. 

b5o-iare, sb., O.E bdc-lar ; book-learning, 
HOM. II. 155- 

t)oc-rune, sb., letter, La^. 4496. 

bdo-spel, sb., tale in a book, LA5. I7487« 

boo-Btaf; sb., O.E. b6cstaBf,=0.iV.b6kstafr, 
OM.G, buohstab ; letter, Orm. 4308 ; boc- 
Btaven (//.) Laj. 7637. 
[boo, sb., O.E. boc, = O.N. bok, O.H.G. 
buohba, mod.G. buche, beech.] 

bdo-mast, sh.,= Af.L.G. bokmast; beech 
mast, Halliw. 67. 

bdo-tr§ow, sb., O.E. boctreow; beech-tree, 

'f<^gUS,' FRAG. 3. 

bocarOy see bokere. 

boochen, v., cf. M.Du. butsen, O.Fr. boucher, 

boucier; botch, patch, mend', bocchin [* jor- 

cirent'] WiCL. 2 paral. xxxiv. 10. 
boohohare, sb., botcher, cobbler, PR. P. 42 ; 

bochoure Barb. Leg. I. 117. 
booe, boohe, sb., O.Fr. boce, boche ; boss ; 

hump, swelling', botch ; boce or boos of a 

booke ' turgiolum' PR. P. ^l ; c. M. 8087 ; bos 

Ch. C. t. a 3266 ; boche botch, ' gibbus * voc. 

224 ; bohche, botche (Pbocche) 'ulcus' PR. P. 

42 ; bocche WiCL. lev. xiii. 18 ; Lidg. m. p. 

31 ; booee (//.) WiCL. Is. iii. 18 ; bocches 

Langl. ^xx. 83. 
bocher, sb., O.Fr. bochier; butcher, P. S. 192; 

Alis. 1885 ; Ch. C. t. A 2025 ; boucher 

Langl. Cvii. 379; bochiers (pi) Langl. 

^ii. 187 ; bouchers Langl. Ci. 221. 
booherie, sb., O.Fr. boucherie; butchery, 

AYENB. 64 ; OCTOV. (W.) 733. 

bochiy adj., botchy, 'gibbosus,* VOC 225. 

booiiiy v., swell out, project ; make to project ; 
bocyn owte * turgeo * PR. P. 41 *» i^^n J>at 
boosen hor brestis WiCL. s. w. IIL 124; boat 
(pret.) D. Troy 3022; boat (pple.) 1564. 

boole, sb., O.Fr. bocle; buckle, 'pluscula,' 

PR. P. 41 ; SPEC 35 ; AYENB. 236. 

boclen, v., Fr. boucier ; buckle, bokelin, PR. 
p. 42 ; bokelinge [boding] (pple.) Ch. C. t. 



A 2583 ; bucled (pple.) PL. CR. 299 ; bocult 
ANT. Ar. xxix. 20. 

boclery sb., O.Fr. boder, bucler; buckler, 
small shield, Ch. C. T. ^ 112; bokler P. 
20 ; bookeler WiCL. S. w. IIL 265. 

bod, sb., O.E. hod,= O.Fris. bod, O.N. bo^, 
O.H.G. pot n.; from beoden ; message, com- 
mand, offering, invitation, Laj. 8510, 23407 ; 
C M. 4096 ; ^at ilche bod MISC 142 ; bode 
'nuncium' PR. P. 41; HOM. II. 213; ORM, 
5255; GEN. & EX. 395; ASS. 104; Will. 
2154; Rich. 3298; Trist. 2082; Am. & 
Amil. 1254; Man. (H.) 22; Ch. p. f. 343; 
Gaw. 1824; J>is bode Sax. chr. 38; sende 
heast(e) & bode (message) Kath. 48 ; bode 
(dot.) p. L. s. viii. 131 ; A. R. 400, 416 ; PL. CR. 
716 ; for no bode (offer) of pans Greg. 438 ; 
bode (pi.) HOM. I. 57; 11.209; he wende 
^at he brohte boden swi¥e gode La^. 27999 ; 
comp. bi-, for-, je-, miB-bod. 
bod-word, sh.,^ O.N. bo^r^; word of 
command, message, M. H. 44 ; A. P. ii. 473 ; 
TowNL. 75 ; bodeword Orm. 7 ; gen. & ex. 
361 ; bodeword ' praeceptum * PS. ii. 6 ; Man. 
(F.) 9810. 

bod, see b&d. 

b6de, sb., O.E. hodsL,= OJ^ris. boda, OX.G. 
bodo, O.H.G. poto, boto m.j from beoden ; 
messenger. Rich. 1359; b6den (pi.) 'nuncios' 
Lk. ix. 52; l>6den (pi.) ['angeli^ hom. I. 
219.' 

bode, see bod. bodekin, see boidekin. 

bodi, see bodl^. 

b6dien, v., 0.E, bodian, — O.Fris. bodia, 
O.N. bo¥a ; bode, cmncunce, proclaim, Lk. i. 
19; Kath. 1481 ; he lette . . . his cume 
bodien La;. 23290 ; bodian J>a(n) so^en ileafen 
HOM. I. 97; bddest (pres.) O. 5: N. 11 52; 
bodeJ> FRAG. 5 ; Gow. I. 153 ; bodied A. R. 
212 ; b6dlende (pple.) HOM. I. 95 ; b6dede 
(pret.) La;. 27123 ; bodeden, bodedan hom. 
I* 95> 97 ; comp. ;e-b6dien. 
b6dimge, sb., O.^". bodung; boding, an- 
nouncement, prediction, HOM. I. 89 ; bodinge 
Rob. 428. 

bodi;, sb., O.E. bodig n.,^O.H.G. boteh, 

potah m.; body, Orm. 1555 ; bodi La;. 4908; 

o. & N. 73 ; GEN. & EX. 4134 ; treat. 138; 

Perc. 1166; Jjet bodi a. r. 102; ayenb. 

235 ; J>e soule loveJ> ])e bodi so c L. 1169 ; 

an due . . . J>at hardi bodi was Rob. 183 ; 

bodies (gen.) H. M. 35 ; bodie (</^?/.) HOM. I. 

209 ; AYENB. 72 ; {)at me hire heavet . . . 

totwemde ftx>m'*))e bodie Marh. 19 ; bodiee 

(pi.) Kath. 1444. 
bodi;-lich, sb., body, Orm. 16294. 
bodi-lich, adj., bodily, ayenb. 72 ; bodiliche 

(//.) workes2i2; bodili c.M.428; bodiliche 

(cuiv) PL. CR. 619. 
boef, bef, sb., O.Fr. boef, buef, beuf, mod.Eng. 

beef; ox, beef Ch. C. t. D 1753 J beof S. A, L. 



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bd3. 



boket. 



8i 



156 ; P. s. 334 ; bcf P. 43 ; beef Aus. 5248 ; 
bouf Will. 1849 ; biffe pr. p. 38. 
bdj, sb., O.^. bog, boh (arm, bough\=0,N, 
h^ (arm, bow of a ship), Mdhi. 



O.H.G. buoff {arm\ Gr. mj-xyt, 



boech, 
mod.Eng, 



bough, bow (of a shipS ; not allied to bti^en, 
but to Sanskr, bahu-s (arm) ; arm, bough, bow 
cf a ship\ O. & N. 242; AYENa 17; bog 

GEN. & EX. 608; bogh IW. 392; TRIAM. 

410; bou^ Brd. 9; bou; orbraunche [*ramus^] 
WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 32 ; bouh p. s. 341 ; )« 
hovh hwon he adeade^ A. R. 150; bough 
Ch. C. t. a 1980; bou s. S. (Wr.) 610 ; bo^e, 
bowe (dot,) 0.& N. 15, 125 ; he is under wude 
b^e Horn (L.) 1227; bo^es (//.) ayenb. 
17; bojhes Orm. 10002 ; bowes [bo^es] A. R. 
30; bowes Will. 23 ; bowes of wude bores D. 
Arth. 188; bowis WiCL. Mk. xi. 8; boes 
ANT. Arth. iii ; hughes PR. c 680 ; bogen 
(da/, pi.) Mat. xiii. 32 : bo^e, bowe o. & N. 
616. 

bdu-Iine, sh.,= 0,N, bogllna, M,Du, boech- 
lijne ; bowline, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bdii-spr§t» s\>.,=^M,Du, boechspriet; bow- 
sprit, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bd^e, sb., 0.E, boga,= 0./>w. boga, OX,G., 
OJf.G. bc^o, OJV, bogi ; from btl^en ; bow 
{for shooting) ; arch ; AYENB. 45 ; boge GEN. 
& EX. 483; enne bo^e, bowe La^ 1453, 
6471 ; bowe FRAG. 6; A. R. 250; bowe Rob. 
16 ; Ch. C. t. a 108 ; bowe [bouwe] ^for- 
nicem^ WiCL. PROV. xx. 26; seint Marie 
cherche at J)e bowe \^de arcubus^] Trev. VIII. 
153 ; comp. el-, rein-, 8adel-b63e ; dertv, 
bow3ere. 

bdwe-draii^ht, sb., the distance a bow will 
carry-, a bowedraughte Mand. 240; bow- 
draucht Barb. vi. 58. 
b6w(e)-iiian, sb., bowman, ROB. 378. 
b6we-Bohote, sb., bow-shot^ Aus. 3491. 

boge, see btdge. 

b^n, v., / O.E, bogan {jactare) ; utter, tell 
o/\ the minde of the abundaunce of thi swet- 
Besse J)ei shul bowen out [* eructabunt *] 
WiCL, PS. cxliv. 7. 

boggifiOh, adj., boastful, *tumidus,' PR. P. 42. 
boggiflohe-li, adv., boastfully, *tumide/ PR. 
P. 42 ; bogeisliche Will. 1707. 

b6^eii, v.,= J/.Z.6^., M.Du, bogen; bow, bend, 
turn awa^\ boje (P^bouje) A. P. i. 196; 
boje fro j>is benche Gaw. 344 ; bowin ^flecto, 
curvo, tnclino ' PR. P. 46 ; bowe S. S. 
(Wr.) 2536; bo^ed {pret) Gaw. 481 ; David 
bowide fro ))e face of Saul [* declinavit David 
a facie Saul^ WiCL. I KINGS xix. 10 ; bo- 
wcden here hedes Mand. 235 ; summe 
beouweden speren La^. 22297 ; Iboued 
(jbfile.) TREAT. 139 ; comp, a-bo3len. 

b^OQt v., 0.£. bogian, = 0,Fris, bogia ; dwell; 
bugian heou (r. hou) longe wult )>u bo^ie (ms. 
be^e) abuten jnsseie bui^e LA3. 29233; 



Brennes ber bo^ede {sec, text abod) 5974; 

heo J>er bojeden ))e wile J»e heo luveden 

7903. 
boglen, v., boggle-, bogeUd {pple.) Halliw. 

959. 
bo^-sam, adj\, cfh^ihsfim andM,Du, boogh- 

saem (flexiole)-, obedient, ayenb. 59; bousom 

Iw. 1155 ; PR. c. 85 ; boxom M. H. 54. 
bo^sam-liohe, obediently, ayenb. 70 ; buz- 

umller (comp.) Will. 723. 
bo^Bamnesse, sb., obedience, AYENB. 33; 

bocsomnesse Rob. 234. 

bo^t, sb.,=Z>«. bogt, Dan,, Swed, bugt; from 

ba^en; bending-, bought ToR. 558; of)>eose 

boujt was heore croune Alis. 4712 ; see bljt. 
boated, adj., vaulted; hit watz . . . boated on 

lofte A. P. iii. 449. 
bottling, sb., from b^gen ; one ransomed-, 

boghtUnges (pi.) c. M. 17262. 
boidekin, bodekin, ^b., bodkin, dagger ; 

^subucula, perforatorium,* PR. P. 42; boide- 

kin Ch. C. t. A 3960. 
b6ie,sb.,=J/.Z>«. hoeve, f M.//.G. buobe (see 

Gr. wb. II. 457) ; boy (ms. boie), Horn (L.) 

1075 ; s. s. (Web.) 960 ; Will. 464 ; Langl. 

A PROL. 77 ; Ch. C. t. D 1322 ; l>dl^e8 (gen,) 

Will. 1705 ; boles (//.) Hav. 1899 ; Bbk. 

79. 
boile, v., OJ^r. boillir; boil, Gow. II. 265; 

C M. 1 1 886; boile, buile ^ scatere* WiCL. 

EXOD. xvi. 20; bolllnde (pple,) LEG. 164; 

boiland s. s. (Web.) 2460 ; boilinge WiCL. 

Is. Ivii. 21 ; boillede (pret^ Marg. 247 ; 

bollld (pple.) L. a c 43. 
boiling, sb., boiling, WiCL. s. W. II. 202 ; 

builing Jonah i. 15. 
boilouii,sb., 0./r.boillon; bubble-, boflouns 

(pi,) s. s. (Web.) 2488. 
boinard, sb., O.Fr. buinard; simpleton^ AN. 

LIT. 9 ; DEP. R. ii. 164. 
boiste, sb., O.Fr. boiste (boite) ; box, ^ pyxis,* 

PR. P. 42 ; Ch. C. t. C 307 ; boiste [boat] 

C. M. 14003 ; hoist Iw. 1835 ; MAND. 85 ; 

buist Gow. II. 247; bouste Barb. leg. I. 

124 ; buBtes, boistes (pi.) A. R. 226. 
boistouB, adj., rough, clumsy, boisterous, 

JARB. XIII. 176; Trey. II. 311; Alis. 

5660; Ch. C. t. ^211 ; Lidg. m. p. 91 ; 

boistois AVENB. 103 ; buistous * rudis ' WiCL. 

Mat. ix. 16. 
bolstouB-liohe, adv., boisterously, Trey. II. 

147; boistousli Ch. C. T. ^791; Ber. 134, 

163. 
bok, see boo. 
bokeram, sb., O.Fr, bouqueran ; buckram, p. 

p. II. 171 ; PR. P. 42 ; bougeren ayenb. 258. 
bokere, sb., O.E. hdcere,= Goth, bokareis, 

O.H.G. buochari ; scribe [' scriba '], Mat. viii. 

19 ; booares (pi,) Laj. 32125. 
bokety sb.| bucket, *situla,* pr. p. 42 ; REL. I. 



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8a 



bdkien. 



bone. 



p; Ch. C. t. a 1533; bucket a M. 3306; 

buket QUAIR 70. 
bokien, v., OJE, bocian ; book\ boke Gow. I. 

3; iboked {ms. ibocked) A. R. 158; Gow. 

III. 319. 
b6l9 sb., Gr, /S&Xor; bole\ boole armoniak 

(astringent earth\ CH. C. T. G 790. 
b61, sb., 0,N. hohy^ M.Du, bol ; tree trunk; 

b61e (dot,) Gaw. 766; A. P. ii. 622; b^es 

(pi.) Haluw. 193. 
bdle-azy sb., O.N. boldx ; axe^ rel. II. 176 ; 

bulaxe Orm. 9281 ; boleaxis (pi.) OCTOV. 

(W.) 1039. 

bul-risohey sb., bulrush, PR. P. 244. 
bol-werk» sb.,=* M.L.G., M.Du. bolwerk; 

bulwarky LiDG. M. P. 237. 
bolace, sb., O.Fr. beloce; bullace\ bolaoes 

(//.) voa 162 ; Will. 1809. 
b61dL, sb., O.E. bold, =aFm. bold «. \:^0.E. 

botl] ; house, hom. I. 253 ; Laj. 7094 ; Kath. 

1664; Misa 96; Rob. 116; rel. II. 217; 

bdldes (//.) Jul. 72 ; leb. Jes. 830 ; Map 

343; bdlde (gen. pi.) Laj. 25882; comp. 

bfiri-, bur"Se-l^ld. 
bold, bolden, see beald, bealden. 
bole, see bule. bolge, see bulge, 
bol^en, v., / elate ; bol^eS, boluwe^, bolhes 

(pres.) A. R. 214; ^ebol^en (pple.) Mat. 

xxvi. 8. 

bolgit, see bulgit. 
bolk, sh.y prov.Eng. boak; belching; bolke 

(dot.) Langl. Bw. 397. 
bolkin, v., 'i^M.L.G. bolken (mugire) ; belch, 

* ructo,* PR. P. 43 ; bolked, baiked (pret.) 

Trev. II. 195; bolkede out \^ eructavit^] 

WiCL. wiSD. xix. 10. 
bolkixige, sb*, belching^ ^erudatio} PR. P. 

43. 
bolknen, v.,=bolkin; bolkenand (pple.) 

PS. cxliii. 13. 
boUe, sb., O.E. bolla,«aFm. boUa, O.N. 

boUi m., M.L.G., M.Du. boUc, O.H.G. polla 

/, mod.Eng. bowl, boll ; ^obe, boll, bowl, 

cup, voa 199 ; pr. p. 43; Horn (L.) 1123 ; 

Langl. A v. 213 ; Ch. C. t. G 1210 ; a. p. ii. 

1 145 ; Lidg. m. p. 52 ; )>ene bolle La^. 14994 ; 

a bolle with meede Trev. VII. 528 ; J)e bolle 

of J)e popi Halliw. 193 ; bollen [boUes] (pi.) 

La). 19781 ; TREAT. 138; comp. ehdse-.flaz-, 

)>rote-bolie. 
bolle, sb., / O.N. bolli ; measure for grain, 

Barb. iii. 211. 
bollen, v., =Z?2^. bollen; f strike: whicheman 
• . . . boiled (pret.) J)e Halliw. 193. 
bollen, v., />rbolnin; boUel? (/r^rj.) Langl. 

Aw. 99; bollinge (v. r. bolnande) C M. 

6011; iswolle and ibolled Trev. I. 299; 

bollid \v. r. bolnid] [* inflaH'\ WiCL. i COR. 

V. 2. 
boUen, see under bellen. 



boUere, sb., drunkard ['ganeo'], Trev. IIL 
. 359 ; boUars (pi.) Townl. 242. 
boiling, sb., f/orholniag; Langl. A vii. 204. 
bolnin, y.,^Dan, bolne, OJV. bolgna; STuell, 

* tumeo,* PR. p. 43 ; bolne (pres.) Gaw. 512 ; 

Townl. 197 ; al mi bodi bolneth Langl. B v. 

119 ; bolnes Hamp. ps. i. 5* : bolnand (pple.) 

c. M. 6011 ; bolnede (pret.) Man. (F.) 8204 ; 

bokied A. P. iL 363; bolned (pple.) a M. 

4726 ; York xlvi. 45 ; bolnid WiCL. i CoR. v. 2. 
bolning, sb., swelling, Langl. ^vi. 218; 

c. M. 12083; M, H. 130; bolninge ^tumor^ 

PR. p. 43 ; voc 224, 
bolster, sb., O.E. bolster, -= O.N. bolstr, 

O.H.G. bolstar; bolster, Mk. iv. 38; bolstir 

^culcitra* PR. P. 43; bolstar ^cervical* voc 

178; bolstre (dot!) frag. 6; hom. II. 139; 

R. s. v ; L. H. R. 210. 
bol-strau^t, adj., tfor bolt-stran^t ; pro^ 

strate, Will. 1852. 
bolstren, v., = Ger. bolstem, polstem ; bolster ; 

bolsterld (pple.) Lidg. m. p. 200. 
bolt, sb., O.E. bok (cross-bow bolt),^ OJI.G. 

bolz m., polz (catapult),^ MJ)u. bolt (hecuied 

arrow) ; bolt (arrow), bolt (of a door), rel. I. 

183 (misc 128); P. L. s. xix. J4; A.D.291 ; lud. 

Cov. 136; here bolt is sone ischote S. S. (Web.) 

989 ; upright as a bolt Ch. C. t. A 3264. 
bolt, adv., bolt upright ^ Pall, l 967. 
bolten, v., bolti bolted (pple.) with iren 

Langl. ^vi. 138. 
bomblen, see bumblen. 
bommen, see bumbin. 
bon, adj., OJ^r. bon ; good^ Tor. 2143 > boon 

Rich. 1540. 

bon, see bune. bdn, see bfin. 
bonohef, sb., O.Fr. bon (good), chef (hemd) ; ef. 

mesohief; good luck, happiness, Gaw. 1764; 

boonchief Trev. I. 87. 
bonehen, see bunchen. bond, su band, 
bond&ge, sb., nud.Lat. bondagium ; bondage^ 

Trev. I. 389; Man. (H.) 71. 
bonde, sb., O.E. bonda, bunda, <= M.L.G. 

bunde, O.N. bondi «buandi ; husbandnuxn,5er^ 

vant, * servus,* PR. P. 43 ; Misc. 77 ; P. S. 1 50 ; 

MiRC 1520; Ch. C. t. D 1660; H. y.77; an 

oht bonde LA3. 15291 ; bounde S. S. (Web.) 

J82 ; Ar. & Mer. 691 ; bonde (pi.) misc 89 ; 

barouns, burgeis & bonde Will. 2128 ; cofnp. 

hna-bonde. 

bonde-hdde, sb., servitude, c. M. 5404. 
bonde-man, sb., bondman, *(servus) na- 

tivus,* voc. 182; o. & N. 1577; Hav. 32; 

Bek. 552; Langl. By. 194 (W. 2859); 

bondemen ' servi^ Trev. I. 246. 
bond-Bohepe, sb., condition of a bondman^ 

PR. P. 43- 
bond-womman, sb., boftdwoman^ Trev. II. 

97. 
bone, see bane, bone, see bfin. 



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bone^ 



borjien* 



83 



I 



bdne, sb., OJVl bon ; boon^ request^ prayer^ 
HOM. I. 37; A. R.234; Kath. 611; Orm. 

7606; HAV. 1659; AN. LIT. 11; BRD. 30; 

Will. 1095 ; s. s. (Wr.) 546 ; Gaw. 327 ; 
Tor. 1578 ; AV. Arth. xiii ; bidden beos bone 

iUL. 30 ; bone, boone Ch. C. t. A 2209 ; boone 
IGU loi; bone (dot.) La). 14912; bdne 
{fwm, pL) AUD. 72 ; bdnen {dot. pL) A. R. 
142 ; MISC. 63. 

bonen, v., prc^ ; bdne (pres,) Orm. 5223 ; 
boned (ppU,) 694. 

bonery adj., OJ^r. bonnaire ; gentle, courteous : 
so boner and bewed A. P. ii. 733 ; with wordes 
bonere Alis. 0732 ; sche is meJce and boneire 
B. DISC 1727; to bonour with hem Jiat Jiou ne 
be B. B. 41 ; be ]k>u bonaire Trist. 2731. 

bonaire-liohe, adv., courteously, ayenb. 
bonerli 265 ; [debonerli] C. M. 23872. 

bon§me8ee, sb., gentleness^ WiCX. i COR. 
iv. 21 ; S. w. II. 357. 

bonerte, sb., gentleness : he calde me to his 
bonerte A. P. i. 761 ; of so moche bonerite 
H. s. 1927. 

bonety sb., OJ^r. bonet ; bonnet {of a sail)^ 
' artemo^ PR. P. 43 ; VOC. 268 ; DEP. R. iv. 72. 

bom, sb., OJ^r. bugne, cf, mod,E. bunion; 

swellings * tumor ^ PR. P. 43. 
bom, adj., bonny : bonie londes Aus. 3903. 
bonk, see bank, bonnien, see bannen. 
bor, sb., O.E. boT,=^AfX.G., O.N. bor ; gf'mlet 

(ms. bore), TowNL. 219. 
bor, see btbr. bdr, see b&r. 
borace, sb., Ital, borace; borax; boras Ch. 

C. T. A 630. 
borage, sb., OJ^r. borrage ; borage, PR. P. 44; 

REL. I. 51 ; burage * borago ' REL. I. 37. 

bord, sb., 0,E. bord «. {board, border, shield), 
cf. OX.G,y O.Fris. bord «. {board, border, 
shield), Goth, baurd n, {board), OJV. bor^ n, 
(board,border,shield), OJI.G. bort m, {border) ; 
board, table^ shield, border, ship's side : Hav. 
1722; BEK. 691; ALIS. 1270; WiCL. EXOD. 

XXV. 27 ; heo letten to somne saeiles gliden, 
bord wi^ borden (r. borde) La;. 20035 > fis 
wes |»at ilke bord fat Brultes of jelperS 22953; 
>at hal^e bord Orm. 1096 ; ))et bord ayenb. 
167 ; as stif as eni bord P. L. S. xvii. 334 ; the 
thecf fel over bord Ch. C. t. ^922 ; for bord 
ne doling 6^1017; burd Amad. (R.) Ixvi; 
^x^i^^M {gen.) Bek. 1186 ; borde {dat.) HOM. 
1. 105; A. R. 142, 324 ; o. & N. 479; Gaw. 
481 ; heo seten to borde Laj. 14950 ; at godes 
horde ayenb. 235 ; breken be schipes bord 
[bordes] {pi.) Jul. yS, 79 ; hordes {sec. text 
sceldes) \ix scsnden La;. 5186 ; borden {cUU. 
pi.) Li^. 22778 ; comp. mete-. Bid-, ster^bord. 

bord-oldS, sb., tablecloth ornamented^ REL. 
L 129^ bordcloth E. w. 101. 

bord-knii; sb., table-knife^ voa 253 ; boorde- 
knife PR. p. 44. 



Ga 



bord-fSl&we, sb., companion ; bordfelauis 
{pL) WiCL. JUDG. xiv. II. 
bord-ldae, adj., without a table', sitte as a 
b^:gar bordlas on ground Langl. Cxv. 141. 
burd-w5gh, sb., wall made of boards^ 
^tabellatumi voc 237. 

borde, sb.« J/.Z.(7. horde, OJ/. boi^i {carpet), 
O.H.G. borto ; t border; on brode silkin biorae 
Gaw. 610. 

bordel, sb., Fr. bordel ; brothel^ prostitution^ 
P. L. s. xxi. 92 ; WiCL. LEV. xix. 29 ; bordela 
{pi.) Ch. C. t. 7885. 

bordel-htXB, sb., brothel \ bordelhous WiCL. 
Ez. xvi. 24, 39. 

bordeler, sb., O.Fr. bordelier; keeper of a 
brothel^ Gow. III. 322. 

bordnre, sb., Fr. bordure ; border, PR. p. 44 ; 
Ch. Boet. i. I (6) ; bordoure d. Arth. 4211 ; ' 
bowerdurs {pi.) D. Troy 12861. 

borduren, v^ border; bordured {pple^ 
Mand. 217. 

b6re, sb., O.N. bora; bore, perforation, * fora- 
men,^ PR. P. 44 ; M. H. 57 ; Trist. 2539. 

borel, see bureL 

b6rin, v., O.E. honsn,^ M.Du. boren, O.N. 
bora, O.H.G. boron; bore, perforate, PR. p. 44; 
b6re {pres.) frag. 4 ; (heo) boriej) 6 ; b6rien 
{subj.) Kath. 1949 ; bdriinde {p^le.) ayenb. 
66 ; bdred {pret, pple.) L. H. R. 203 ; ibored 
Trev. IV. 397 ; comp. )mrh-b6ren. 

borj, sb., O.E. borg, horh,^ M.H.G. bore; 

from ber^en; pledge^ cautum-money, money 
borrowed: Jiorj bon and. jemer jeld Shor. 
113 ; buten be eorl Adionard . . . walde heore 
borh beon Laj. 11913; jelde^ hire 5arew(e)i 
borh Jul. 72; borgh, boruj, boru {ms. 
borw) Langl. A iv. 76 ;. borgh {ms. borghe) 
Townl. 231; borugh Rich. 3259; borwe, 
borowe * vas ' PR. P. 45 ; borwe {dot.) Langl. 
^xiv. 190; i dar take god to borwe Gow. 
II. 34 ; ech of hem had leid his fai)> to borwe 
Ch. C. t. A 1622 ; boregee (//.) hom. II. 17 ; 
borwes Langl. A\. 75 ; Am. & Amil. 899 ; 
borewes Bek. 585 ; hlorewis 'vades* WiCL. 
PROV. xxii. 26 ; cofnp. in-bor^. 
borghe-gage, sb., pledge, H. s. 9576. 
borghe-gang, sb., suretyships H. s. 9582. 
boru-h§d, sb., suretyship : ^ boruheed of 
Crist WiCL. s. w. III. 10. 
borwe-schepe, sb., suretyship, PR. P. 44*. 

bor3, see bur^.. 

borgeis, borgesie, see burgeis, biirgeaie. 

bor^ieii, v., O.E. borgian,= OFris. borgia, 
O.HJj. borgen, OJ^. borga, mod. Eng. borrow ; 
receive on pledge, borrow; be surety for ^ ran- 
som, sa^ve, preserve : to borje {save) him fram 
(h)arme Laj. 21268* ; borwe Alis. 1243 ; Ch. 
C. T. B 105 ; wolde borwe monei of him Trev. 
VII.413; toborewen us alle he wes ibore spec. 
25 ; us alle from bale to borowe MiR. PL. 149 ; 



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84 



borjien* 



bdtnen* 



hor^p Cfires.) ayenb. 36; borwe (sufy\) 
Langl. £'iv. 109 ; J)et ever ich . . . boruwe ct 
tisse vrakele worlde so lutel so heo ever mei 
A. R. 204 ; borwede (/r^r/.) ROB. 393 ; bor- 
wede, borwed Langl. B vi. loi ; borwed 
Will. 1705 ; borwid (JpU.) HoccL. L 369 ; 
iborwed c. L. 822. 

borware, sb., borrower^ surety^ ^mutuatoTy 
sponsor^ PR. P. 44. 

bor^ingy sb., borrowing : if ye jyuen bor- 
wynge to hem WiCL. Lk. vi. 34 ; he that 
taketh borewing, servant is of the usurer WiCL. 
PROV. xxiL 7 ; borwynge * mutuoHo ' PR. P. 44 ; 
borewinge Angl. IV. 198. 

borlioh, see burlich. borne, see bume, 

boru, borwy see bor^ andlovoci, 

borwage, sh.^/rom borj; suretyship, PR. P. 
44. 

borwien, see bor^ieiu 

bos, sb.,=Z.G^. bos (Schutze), OJ^, bass, 
Goth, bansts; boose , cow-stall', bose * bostar^ 
voc. 235 ; boos *bostar, bucetum^ PR. P. 41. 

bosardy see busard. bosoh, see busoh. 

bosem, sb., (9.E.b6sin,b6sum,= (9.Z.(7.bosom, 
0,H,G, buosum, buosem ; bosom y Orm. 19391 ; 

M. H. 125; bosum A. R. 146; GEN. & EX. 

2809 ; A. P. iii. 107 ; bosom Ch. C. t. Z? 1993 ; 

bdnne (dot.) UOM. 1. 53 ; ayenb. 163 ; bosme 

[bosome] La^. 14984; he ne was boren of 

wifes bosme hom. II. 133 ; boseme A. R. 146 ; 

in Abrahames boseme sitte leb. Jes. 163 ; in 

his boseme he bar a thing Langl. ^xvL 254; 

bdsmeB (//.) La^. 7849. 
bosine, sb., O.Fr. bosine, busine, Lot, budna ; 

irumpety ayenb. 137, 

boBkage, sb., 0,Fr, boscage ; boscage, Iw. 167 1. 
booken, see buaken. bosse, see booe. 
bost, sb., boctsty glory, noise, Rob. 209 ; ayenb. 

71-; Will. 1141; Alis. 4069; spec 94; 

host, boost Langl. B xiv. 247 (Wr. 9397). 
bost-ftil, adj., boastful, WiCL. s. w. L ^ ; 

Flor. 270. 
bosten, v., boast, Langl. ^ ii. 80 ; boste Iw. 

70 ; boste & blowe trans. XVIII. 25 ; boe- 

tej> {pres) Ch. C. t. D 1672. 
boBtere, sb., boaster, Trev. IV. 295 ; boster 

DEP. R. ii. 80. 

bostingey sb., boasting, Shor. 112. 
bosti, adj., boastful, treat. 138. 
bosaniy see bdsem. 
boty see btiten. bot, see b&t. 
bote, see btiten. 
bdte, sb., O.K. b6t,« O.N. bot, O.Fris, bote, 

0»L,G., Goth, bota (i^iKos), O.H.G, puoza, 

mod,E, boot, in phrase ' to boot ; ' repair, 

remedy, redress ; buoza FRAG. 6 ; Laj. 21926 ; 

o. & N. 688; Hay. 1200; Rob. 448 ; Rich. 

3086 ; ANT. Arth. xvi ; aftir bale comeb bote 

FL. & Bl. 821 ; )>at is bote of alle bale Amad. 

(R.) xvii ; vorjive^ ham hore gultes hwon heo 



ham iknowe% and bihote^ bote A. R. 430 ; do 

bote Will. 1378 ; bote Jk)u do me bote s. A. L. 

155 ; ;eoven bale i bote stude H. M. 33 ; gan 

to bote HOM. I. 15 ; til are sawle bote Orm. 

2692; to joure bote Shor. 159; bote,boote 

Ch. C.T. a 424 ; to bote [boote], to boot, in 

addition, Langl. B xiv. 268 ; bute MiN. L 4 ; 

boten (^/.) A. R. 120 ; comp, brigge-, dAd-» 

Bun-bote. 
bot-dai, sb.":(7^. busztag; day of atone" 

ment, HOM. II. 69. 
bdt-l$9, adj., 0,E. botleas ; bootless, WILL, 

134 ; a botles bale Langl. Cxxi. 208. 
bdtOy sb., OJ^r, bote; boot, ^ocrea,* voc 197 ; 

PR. P. 45 ; botes (pL) Horn (H.) 522 ; p. s. 

330; Mand. 250; bootes Trey. I. 353; Ch. 

C. T. A 273. 
bote-leeSy adj., without boots, Langl. B 

xviii. II. 
botely sb., O.K. botl n. f^OX.G. bodal «.; 

house ; boUe (dat,) Mat. xxvL 3 ; bottle Orm. 

2788 ; cf bdld. 
botely sb., / 0,Fr. bottel ; bottle {of hay\ 

bundle : a hotel hei Ch. C. t. N 14. 
botely sb., OJrr, bouteille ; bottle, PR. p. 45 ; 

botelle LUD. Coy. 138. 
boteler, sb., O.Fr. bouteillier; butler, Roa 

187; WiCL. GEN. xL i; Ch, C. t. ^4324; 

buteler gen. & EX. 2092. 
botelerie, sb., OJ^r. bouteillerie ; wine-cellar^ 

Rob. 191. 

botem, see hopexxL, 
botemaiy sb., bitumen, Alis. 6190 ; botemeifl 

(PL) 4763. 
boten, see btiten. 
bdten, v., mod,Eng, boot in phrcue * it boots 

not;' cf bdten, from bdte; make better; 

bote Am. & Amiu 2340 ; it boted {pret.) not 

K. L. 66; he was bdtid {pple.) of mekile 

care Egl. 188. 
boteras, sb., buttress, ^fultura^ pr. p. 45 ; 

boteraoes (//.) Wicx. Ez. xli. 15. 
boteraae, v., furnish with a buttress ; 

boteraaed (pple.) Langl. B v. 598. 
botere, see butere. 

boterely sb., O.Fr. boterel; tocui, ayenb. 187. 
boteriOi sb., ale-cellar, pantry, buttery, * eel' 

larium^ PR. p. 45 ; botrie ^ promptuarium ' 

voc 178 ; boteri E. G. 98. 
boteWy sb., sort of boot, ^ cotumus, botulaj 

PR. p. 45 ; botWBB (pi.) E. G. 332. 

bot-forke, sb., ffor batte-forke; f forked 
stick, SPEC 1 10. 

botnen, v., make or become better, amend, 
repair-, b5tneS (pres.) Kath. 2523; b5t- 
nede (pret.) chr. E. 768; botnede ek of 
uvel(e) P. L. s. xii. 151 ; bdtned (pple.) Will. 
1055 ; botened, bootned Langl. By\. 194. 
b5tnere» sb., healer : heil botenere of everie 
bodi blinde Wart, II. 109. 



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Botolf. 



br&. 



85 



botninse» sb., amendment^ ShoR. 96. 
Botolfy pr. n., Botolf \ Botolf^ to(u)n, Boston^ 

AN. LIT. 4, 
botoiiy sb., 0,Fr, boton ; button^ voc. 238 ; 

botoun AYENB. 86 ; botouns (pL) P. s. 239 ; 

botones Langl. ^xv. 121 ; see bothom. 
botonin, v., Fr, boutonner ; button^ PR. P. 46. 
l>otor9 see bitor. 
Ixytrailley sb. ? paterfamulias . . . shulde sette 

botraille atweine derk and lighte LiDG. M. P. 

170. 
botte, see batte. botuniy see bo]>em. 
boI>e,sb., aA^.b6¥,bu«=iT/.Z>«.boede, J/.Z.a 

bode, ^./^.(^*buode; ^(7<7M, PR. P. 46 ; Orm. 

15817; AYENB. 215; P. 45; Gow. 111. 281; 

a. p. iii. 441 ; b6}?eB (//.) ALIS. 3457. 
boSOy see bfttSe. 
boldly sb., fchrysanthemum\ bo{)ul, bothil 

* vaccinia^ PR. P. 46. 
boj>em,sb.,0.£'.botm,=* (9.Z.abodom, OJ{,G. 

podam, bodem, OJV. botn ; bottom^ voc. 159 ; 

Jos. 15; Gaw. 2145 ; A. P. iii. 144; bo)>um 

s. S. (Wr.) 809; botum, botim ^JunduSy 

glomus' PR. P. 45; botme (dot) ayenb. 

140; Gow. I.108; Ch. C.T. C1321; Mand. 

52; Parten. 4480. 
bo)>em-ldS9 SLdj.,= M.N.G. bodemlos; bo/- 

tomlessy A. P. ii. 1022. 
bothom, sb. (f/orm of botdn) ; bud : the 

bothom bright of hewe R. R. 2959 ; the bothom 

faire and swote 3008 ; botheum 17 19. 
bothon, sb., O.E, bo^n; chrysanthemum^ 

LEECHD. III. 315. 
boiL, see bo3. 
boache, sb., Fr, bouche ; allowance of victual 

granted by king or noble to his household^ 

etCy Degr. 998. 
boode, see bude. 
bouely sb., OJ^r, bouel, buele; bowely A. P. iii. 

293 ; bouelle ^viscus * voc 247 ; bouele Gow. 

11. 265 ; boueles (pi.) P. S. 221. 
bonelen,bowaileii, v,ydisembowely ^evisceroy 

PR. p. 46; boweld (pret.) Man. (H.) 329. 

boo), see hoy 

bouge, see bul^. boii^en, see bH^en. 

bougerie, sb., heresy; bugerie Man. (H.) 320. 

bougette, sb., budget -, bow^ettes (pi.) 

Trey. Vll. 385. 

boogomis, sb. pi., cm instrument of music 

simbales and sonetes sware )>e noise, and 

bougouns busch batered so )>ikke A. P. ii. 
1 416. 

Boogre, pr. n., O.Fr. Bougre (Bulgarian)] 

hereticy ayenb. 19. 

boi^t, see bo^ bouh, see bo}. 

bouky see buo. 

bonked, pple.^ having a protuberance^ Alis. 
6265. 



bonken, v.y^M.Du. buiken, M.H.G. buchen ; 

buck (i.e. steep in lye)y Langl. Byav. 19; 

bouke (imper^ rel. I. 108. 
bonle, sb., Fr. boule; bowl: round as a boule 

GuiL.' (N. E. D.); plei withe bowlis PR. P. 46. 
boande, see bonde. 
bounde, sb., O.Fr. bodne, bonde, bonne, 

mod.Eng. bound; boundary y Gow. 111. 92; 

boundes (pL) ayenb. 206 ; Ch. C. t. -£46 ; 

bandus ay. Arth. iii ; bunnen (dot, pL) 

Laj. 1313. 
bounden, v., 0,Fr. bonder, bonner; boundy 

set bounds to; bounded (pple.) Gow. I. 218. 
bounen, v., from blln; prepare y Jos. 414; 

boune D. Troy 827 ; boune (pres. subj.) m. 

Arth. 3257. 
botuiBen, see btmsen. 
bounte, sb., OJ^r. bont^ ; bounty y goodnessy 

c L. 1214 ; SPEC 28 ; Ch. C. t. -ff 1664 ; c. m. 

9531 ; bunte misc. 36. 
bountevous, adj., /^^ww O.Fr. bontif ; boun- 

teousy Ch. Tro. i. 883. 
bour, see btlr. 
bourde, sb., O.Fr. bourde; jesty Ch. C. t. 

H^i; Gaw. 1409 ; |)e bourdes (//.) and ))e 

trufles AYENB. 58. 
bourde-fUl, ?iA].y full of jestingy WiCL. WISD. 

i. II (margin) ; bourdfull D. TROY 3952. 

bourdftd-Ii, adv., rel. II. 45. 
bourden, v., O.Fr. bourder; jest; bourde 

(pres.) Ch. C. t. C778 ; bourdlnge (pple.) 

Langl. ^xv. 40; bourded (pret.) Gaw. 

1217 ; bourdedest ayenb. 20. 
bourding, sb.y jestingy Gaw. 1404. 
bourdes, sb., O.Fr. behordeis; tournament^ 

H. S. 4662 ; bourdys or toumamentys Will. 

1477. 
bourdise, v., joust; burdised (pret) s. s. 

(Web.) 740. 
bourdour, sb., O.Fr. bourdeor ; joker y Man. 

(H.) 204. 
bous, sb., f drinky f drinking- cup y SPEC III, 
bouten, see btiten. bouwen, see bti^en. 
bove, see biuven. bowe, see bo^e. 
bowen, see bo^en. bowien, see bo^en. 
bowjere, sb.,y>t?»i boje ; bow maker; archery 

^arcuariusy architenensi PR. P. 46; bowere 

VOC. 195 ; bowiareB (pi) Rob. 541. 
box, sb., O.E. hoxy^ O.H.G. hwhsdiy from Gr. 

irv^is; box, HOM. II. 145; Rob. 456; Ch. C. 

T. A 4390. 
box, sb., O.E. box, from Lat. buxus, Gr. 

nv^os ; box('tree)y YOC. 163. 
boz-tre, sb., O.E. boxtreow ; box tree, YOC. 

228 ; Ch. C. t. A 1302. 
box, sb., box (on the ear); ^alapa^ PR. P. 46; 

Ch. l. g. w. 1388 ; d. Arth. iiii. 
brft, sb., O.N. bra,=a£'. breaw; seehr^xi; 

brae, river-bank; under ane bra thair galai 



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86 



brao. 



brain. 



drench Barb. iv. 372 ; bra ^ripa^ Cath. 39 ; 

WiNT. VIII. xxvi. 74; bro Man. (H.) 310. 
brao, sb., O.E. (ge)braec,=il/.X.a, 0,N, brak, 

O.H.G. (ge)breh; loud noise \ (ms, brace) 

OftM, 1 178. 
br^ce, sb., Fr, bras, Jrom Lat brac(c)hium ; 

arm {of the sea), Mand. 15, 21, 126. 
br&ce» sb., O.Fr. brace, brache, brase, from 

Lat. brac(c)hia (//.) ; armour for the arms; 

clasps clamp^ hook; pair, couple ; wel bomist 

brace upon his bo|>e armes Gaw. 582 ; paire 

brase LiDG. Troy iii. 22 ; * uncus* PR. P. 46 ; 

brase (pair) Lidg. Troy i. 6. 
brdoen, v., O.Fr, bracier ; embracey brau : in 

armes for to brace Halliw. 203; braoe 

(imper,) it in irine D. Arth. 1182; ibraoed 

{ppie,) JOS. 265. 
brdeer» sb., O.Fr. brasseure ; bracery Ch. C. 

T. Aiii'y brasere voc. 263 ; brasers (//.) 

D. Arth. 1859. 
brache, sb., cf. O.Fr, brachet, M.H.G. bracke ; 

drach {hound) ; braohes {pi.) Gaw. 1142 ; 

REL. I. 151. 
brad, sb., ? = O.H.G. prat, prart {orci) ; brad, 

naily ^ aculeusy^ voc 234 ; see hrerd, and hvod^ 
brad, adj., O.E. brad,=az.a, O.Fris. bred, 

(7^7/A. braids, aA^.brei¥r, a^.^breit; broady 

Orm. 3431; s. S. (Web.) 2784; Iw. 163; 

Perc 269 ; AV. Arth. iii ; brad [brod] LA3. 

7635; brad 1320 {miswritten brasd 142 19); 

brod A. R. 102; Hav. 1647; Tor. 1252; 

brood Ch. C. T. ^ 155; ii.'bvM.^ abroad: J^t 

blod stod al a brod ROB. 261 ; her winges 

bobe a brod she spradde Gow. II. 105 ; and 

held hir lappe a brod [brood] Ch. C. t. 

F^\ ; a brood Langl. (Wr.) 9031 ; Mand. 

45 ; J>e brode [bradel stret(e) P. L. s. viii. 

172 ; brftde {acU. n.) La^. 4541 ; brftdne 

{ace. m.) LA5. 5087 ; brftde {pi.) LA5. 4212 ; 

br&den {dot. pL) Laj. 30272 ; br&dder 

{compar.) RoB. 43; bradder, broddere Uatior^ 

WiCL. Amos vi. 2; brdde {adv.) Will. 

754 ; Ch. C. t. a 739. 
brdd-arwe, sb., broad arrow y ^ caiapultai 

PR. P. 53- 
brood-axe, sb., 0.£'.bradaex,=0.Ar.brei¥6x; 

broad'OXCy ^ dolabra^ PR. p. 53 ; brodax voc. 

234. 

brftd-Sged, adj., broad-eyedy Sax. chr. 256. 
brftde, see brgde. 
brftdien, v., O^.E. bradian ; y^£?»« br&d; cf. 

brddan; wideny enlarge \ brodes {pres.) 

Alis.* (Sk.) 122 ; brodid {pret.) dep. R. ii. 

141 ; Hamp. ps. cxviii. 32 ; ibrdded {p/fle.) 

O. & N. 1312. 
br»de, sb., O.E. braedu,= a/>7>. brede, Goth. 

braidei, OJI.G. breiti ; from brSd; breadth : 

a braede [in brede] Laj. 21995 ; brede PR. p. 

49; o. & N. 174; Rob. 353; AYENB. 105; 

Gow. II. 388 ; Mand. 117; Ch. C. t. ^ 1970 ; 

WiCL. GEN. vL 15; ant. Arth. xlv; al 



aboute on brede J^ei spredde Rich. 4434 ; ^ 

knight ligges J)er on brede Perc 797 ; in 

breede and Ieng)>e LiDG. M. P. 98; Imade 

A. R. 102 ; Misc 145. 
brsden, v., O.E. brsedan, ^ Goth, braidjan, 

O.L.G. bredean, O.N. brei^ O.H.G. breiten; 
from br&d; broaden, expand \ breden Laj. 

14283 ; bredin PR. P. 49 ; brede A. P. i. 813 ; 

Pall. xi. loi ; blosmes bredeb {expand) 

{pres^ SPEC. 45 ; br&dde {pret!) Jos. 642 ; 

Gaw. 1928 ; hordes heo brddden {pi.) 

La;. 18523 ; comp. a-brSden. 
brsedling, adv., broadwise-, he wile smite 

mid bredlinge swuerde hom. II. 61. 
brag, sb., bragy P. L. S. xxix. 92 ; Degr. 231 ; 

brag and boost Trev, V. 109. 
brag, adj., bragging, boastful, proud, vaUant : 

)>at make)> us so brag and bolde spec 24 ; 

wordes bragge Shor. i 10 ; hi schulde nou^t 

beren hem so bragg(e) PL. CR. 706 ; braggeet 

{superl.) Will. 3048. 
bragance, sb., boasting: with boste and 

bragance Townl. 99. 
braggen, v., mod.Eng. brag; boast, sound 

loudly : he bosteJ> andbrage]^ {pres.) Langl. 

B xiii. 281 ; whanne J)e voice of pt trompe 

... in joure eeris braggij> WiCL. JOSH. vi. 5 j 

braggede {pret.) D. Arth. 3657. 
braggere, sb., bragger, Langl. -5 vi. 156. 
bragot, braget, braket, sb., IVelsh bragawd, 

=/r. bracat {malt liquor) ; bragget {a liquor 

made of ale and mead fermented together), 

PR. P. 46 ; bragot, braket Ch. C. t. A 3261 

(Wr. bragat) ; braget Trev. I. 399. 
brai, sb., O.Fr. brait; bray, Alis. 2175. 
braid, sb., O.E. braegd, bregd,=aiV: brag* 

n.; from breiden ; throw, twist; stratagem ; 

Gow. II. 21 ; Ch. l. g. w. 1164 ; Tor. 161 i ; 

he abod moni a bitter braid trans. XVIII. 

24 ; scho braid hit a doun at on braid S. S. 

(Wr.) 483 ; ^t was a Jwves braid Man. (H.) 

164 ; breid Rob. 22 ; rel. I. 224 ; he went 

to )>e uscher in a breide Cl. 448 ; habben 

bares heorte and remes brede Laj. 30392; 

braides Ipom. 1834; ivele breides rel. I. 

218 (Misa 14) ; comp. up-breid. 
braiin, v., O.Fr. braire ; brc^, neigh, resound 

harshly, * barrio,' PR. P. 47 ; braie Man. (F.) 

3488; braie}> {pres.) Gow. I. 144; braien 

Gaw. 1 163 ; braiinde {pple.) ayenb. 73. 
braiin, v., O.Fr. breier, broier; bray {in a 

mortar), ^pinso, tero^ PR. p. 47; braiid 

{ppU:) WiCL, I KINGS XXV. 18. 

brail, sb., O.Fr. braiel ; brail*, brailes {pL) 

GuiL.' {in N. E. D.). 
brain, adj., furious, Gaw. 286. 
brain [bri^en], sb., O.E. braegen, bra5gn,= 

-^.Z.t7.bregen, bragen, OJ^ris.breinn.; brain, 

LA5. 1468; brain treat. 138; brein Fer. 

1901; Beves 1558; braines (//.) Jos. 

501. 



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brain« 



braun. 



87 



brain-lSSy adj^ brainless^ PR. P. 47 ; N. p. 9. 
brain-panne, sh^^ MX,G, bregenpanne; 

krainpan^ skull, Mano. 234. 
brain-'wdd, adj., ' brain-mady^ insane^ Will. 

2096 ; Langl. Axs6i; Gaw. 1461. 
brainid, sb., having a brain, PR. P. 47. 
brainin, v., brain, ^excerebro* PR. P. 47; 

braine^ (pres,) WiCL. Is. bcvi. 3. 
brake, see braken. 
brdke, sb., c/. MJL,G. brake, M.Du, braeke, 

Swed. br&ka ; flax-brake, baker's brake, ^rufia, 

vibra,' VOC. 217, 276. 
br^ke, sh,, fO,Fr, brae (accus. ^bras) ; lever, 

winch : gunnes & bo^es of brake Fer. 3263. 
braken, sb., cf, Swed, braken ; brake, bracken, 

A. p. ii. 1675 ; brakin ^felix^ voc. 191 ; brake 

^feugere' voc. 156; ^filix^ [«V] PR. p. 47; 

LEECHD. III. 315 ; LUD. Cov. 22. ^ 
brakin, v,,^M.Du, braeken, MX,G. braken ; 

vomit, * vomoi PR. P. 47 ; as an hounde that 

et gras so gan ich to brake Langl. Cvii. 431 ; 

brakes {pres,) a. p. lii. 340. 
brallen, y.,^Ger,,Du, brallen, Dan, bralle, 

tmod.Eng. brawl ; cry out ; bralle Townl. 91. 

br&me, sb., cf. MJ)u, braeme, 0,H.G. brama, 
prama; bramble, Uribulus, vepresj voc. 192. 

bran, see bren. 

branohe, sb., OJ^r, branche ; branch, ' ramus J 
PR. P. 48 ; braunche leb. Jes. 596 ; branches 
{pL) Rob. 152; bronches ayenb. 9. 

branched, adj., branched \ braunched Will. 
754- 

branchen, v., Fr, brancher; put forth 
branches; ramify; branch out ; braunoheth 
Xpres.) Wicl. ecclus. xxxix. 19; braunchis 
D. Troy 8750; braunohing {pple,) trees 
Wicl. Jer. xvii. 2. 

branoher, sb., OJ^r, *brancher, jpr.branchier; 
young hawk, M. Arth. 190. 

branohi, adj., bearing branches^ braunchi 
Wicl. 4 kings xvii. 10. 

brand, sb., 0,E, brand, brond,=» (^./^rw.brand, 
0,N. brandr, O.H,G, brant, mod.Eng. brand ; 

from^briniLen.; {1) sword; {2) burning wood, 

firebrand; C M. 2873, 3170; Iw. 1933; AV. 
Arth. xiv ; Townl. 71 ; ^ne brand [brond] 
La^. 7544; his brond he up ahsef 7527 ; brond 
HOM. I. 81 ; Kath. 2395 ; misc. 154 ; Will. 
1244; nou tak bou )>e brond Fer. 2238; ]>e 
Sarsin )»anne aorou (h)is brond 580 ; {|ei . . . 
sette . . . wilde bround an on in king Daries 
k)nd Alis. 1855 ; brandes (//.) Perc. 774; 
brondes A. R. 368 ; ayenb. 205 ; Ch. C. t. A 
2338; comp. fur-brand. 
brond-ir(e), sb., 0,E, brandlsen ; gridiron, 
^ tripus,' YOC 178. 

brand-ri}>e, sb., 0J7, brandrei^, cf O.E, 
brandreda, MJ^G. brandrede, 0,H.G. brand- 
rcita; fbrandrethj gridiron, 'tripus,^ voa 
132. 



branden, v.,=>^.Z>f^.branden; brand; bron- 

^\n Uauterizo^ PR. p. 53; brondit {pple,) 

APOL. 103. 
brandishen, v., 0,Fr. brandiss-; brandish; 

braundishen Wicl. Job xxxul 23 ; brandia- 

sende {pple) Will. 2322. 
branken, v., }=M,H,G, brangen, prangen; 

prance : brankand {pple.) stedez D. Arth. 

1 861. 

brant, adj., O.E. brant, = a A^. brattr; steep, 

Alex. 3649. 
bras, sb., O.E, braes; brass, *aes,' PR. p. 47; 

GEN. & ex. 467; TREAT. 1 36; brass Orm. 

1 741 7; breas, bres Jul. 30,31; brcs frag. 

4 ; A. R. 216 ; AYENB. 203. 

bras-pot, sb., brass-pot, PR. P. 47; voc 

256. 
brase, sb., cf O.Swed. brasa, MJ)u, brase; 

burning coal: in brasse and in brinstone 
. ANT. Arth. xv. 
br&sen, adj., 6>.-ff.braesen; ^ra^-^, Alis. 5585 ; 

a M. 12193; o )>at brasene neddre Orm. 17424. 
brasiere, sb., brcuner, * (faber) aerarius,* PR. 

P. 47 ; brasiers (pi.) D. Troy 1589. 
brasil, sb., Fr. bresil ; brasil, PR. p. 47. 
brdsni, adj., like brass ; braasni Wicl. deut. 

xxviii. 23. 
brassik, sb., from Lat, brassica; cabbage. 

Pall. ix. 53 ; brasik 137. 
brastlien, v., O.E, brastlian, ^M.H,G, bras- 

teln ; rattle, clash, Laj. 26970 ; sceldes brast- 

leden (pret,pl,) 27463. 
brat, sb., 0,E. bratt (pallium), Mat. v. 40* ; 

Irish bratt (cloth) ; cloak, Ch. C. t. G 881. 
br&]>, adj., 0,N. bra^r; violent, Orm. 7164; 

C M. 4003 ; broj) Gaw. 2233 ; brd]>e (//.) 

wordez a. p. ii. 1409. 
br&]>-li, adj., 0,N. bra¥ligr; violent: a 

bra(J>)li braid Angl. II. 240; bro)>elich A. P. 

ii. 847 ; br5]>liohe {adv.) Map 343 ; brathli 

c M. 63; bro))eli Man. (H.) 166; Perc. 2123; 

A. p. ii. 1256. 
br&]>]>e, sb., from brftj> {cf wr2ej>|)e, wrd))|)e, 
from wra)>) ; violence, Orm. 4561 ; brathe D. 

Troy 5075. 
brft}>-ftil, adj., violent: bro]>efti]le (//.) 

wordes Man. (H.) 55. 
braiilin,v., cfSwed.hT2L\\2i (Rietz 51) ; brawl, 

*l'urgo,* PR. p. 48; he braules (pres.) him 

(boasts) for his brighte wedes D. Arth. 1349. 
braulere, sb., brawler, PR. P. 48; bra- 

weleres [braleres] (//.) Langl. B xvi. 43 ; 

brawlers Trev. IV. 209. 
branljnge, sb., brawling, *jurgium,^ PR. P. 

48 ; brawelinge, braulinge Langl. B xv. 233, 

Cxvii. 360 ; York xxx. 142. 
braun, sb., 0,Fr, braon; brawn, ^lacertus, 
pulpa,* PR. p. 48 ; ))e braun of a bore voa 267 ; 

nei)>er bacon ne braun I^angl. B xiii. 91, Cxvi. 

too ; ful big he was of braun and ek of bones 



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88 



braimohe. 



breiden. 



Ch. C. t. a 546 ; braun {meaning * boar^) D. 
Arth. 1095 ; braimes 'lacertos"WlCL,JOB 
xxii. 9 ; braunes harde and stronge Ch. C. t. 
A 2135. 

braunohe, braunohed, see branohe, 
branched. 

bre, see brdie and brSu. 
bread, sb., 0,E. bread, =(9./w. brad, O.L.G. 
brod, O.N. brau^, O.N.G. brot ; dread, A. R. 
192 ; Shor. 30 ; bread, brad hom. I. 241 ; 
)>et bread, briad ayenb. i 10 ; bread, bred GEN. 
& EX. 364, 2079; braed, bred Laj. 197 17, 
31800 ; braed Orm. 996 ; hom. II. 27 ; R. S. 
vii ; Hav. 633 ; Brd. 6 ; J)at bred misc. 
40 ; for evere mi bred had(de) ben bake Fer. 
577 ; breed SPEC. 104 ; Ch. C. t. A 341 ; 
breades (een.) A. R. 262 ; bredes Shor. 20 ; 
breade (M.) Shor. 30. 

brgd-oorn, sb., bread-corn^ Langl. B vi. 64. 

brdd-lee8» adj., breadless, Langl. ^xiv. 160. 

bread-lep, sb., bread-basket, gen. & ex. 2078. 
breade, see brdde and brede. 
breoh, sb., O.E. pi. brec,=a;v; brok (pL 

broekr), O.H,G. bruoch, pruoh ; breech 

{breeches), A. R. 420 ; Bek. 260; Langl. -ff v. 

175; breech Al. (L.*) 731; Mand. 250; 

brech, brek * braccae * PR. P. 48 ; brek voa 

238; Iw. 1770; Man. (H.) 161; breohen 

(dat.pl,) LA5. 16749 ; breche Fl. & Bl. 258 ; 

breke LiDG. M. P. 114. 
brek-belt, sb., waist-belt, ' lumboj voc. 238. 
brdch-gerdel, sh,, girdle, ayenb. 205 ; brei- 

gurdel MISC. 193 ; bregjrdil WiCL. JER. xiii. i. 
br§oh-ldB, adj., breechless\ breklesse D. 

Arth. 1048. 
[breohe, breke, sb., 0,E. (aw-, wi¥er)breca, 

= O.H,G, (hus)prehho; one who breaks; 

comp, fiw-, spus-breohej wed-breke.] 
br6che, sb., O.Fris, hreke,^ Af.I/.G. breche ; 

Jrom broken ; breach, act of breaking, Alis. 

2168; Gow. II. 138; CM. 8220; (?=bruche) 

Shor. 133 ; comp, sohip-breohe. 
breche, sb., cf. M,L,G. brake, M.H.G, brache ; 

t fallow field o, & N. 14. 

bred, sb., 0,E, hred, = M,Du. bred, herd, 
O.N,G, bret ; board, PR. P. 48 ; a M. 16578 ; 
nailid on a bred of tre REL, 1. 63 ; brede (^/.) 
o. & n. 965; A. P. iii. 184; comp. tavel-, 
wax-bred. 

bred-ohdse, sb., some kind of cheese, ^junc- 
taia' [i.e.Juncata], PR. p. 48. 

bred, J^^ brerd. bred, x^^brdado^f^/ braid. 

brede, see br&de and hvude, 

brede, sb., O.E. braede/ ?^M.L.G. bride 

/. (Schiller I. 412), O.H.G. prato, brato 
m. (assatura); from brSden; roast meat, 
P. L. S. viii. 73 ; o. & N. 1630 ; Hav. 98 ; SPEC. 
27 ; AV. Arth. xxxi ; swines brede . . . al to 
diere he hi bei^ Angl. I. 15; J>eo braede 
leechd. III. 98 ; brade HOM. II. 224 ; of ]>ere 



brede he aet La). 30596 \haL. .. brftden {ace.) 
leechd. III. 98 ; brede [breade] Iju. 30583 ; 
bredes {pi.) Aus. 5249; breden {gen. pi.) 
La;. 30589. 

breden [breade], v., O.E. brsedan {ppU. ge- 
braedd),= (9.Fw.breda,0.^.(^.pratan,bratan, 
{pret. priat) ; roast, Laj. 25986 ; brede R. S. v 
(misc 180); Jul.* 170; Rich. 1493; bret 
Xpres^ HOM. I. 53; brede {imper.) L. CC 25 ; 
brMde {pret.) La;. 30584 ; bradden 20978 ; 
bredden Ar. & Mer. 7305 ; brede {pple.) 
Rich. 3613 ; brad Gaw. 891 ; bred gen. & EX, 
3147 ; ibred MiSC 54. 

breden, v., O.E, bredan,«J/./>«. brocden, 
O.H.G. pruotan, bruoten ; from brod ; breeds 
Angl. III. 61 ; brede SPEa loi ; bredetb 
{pres) Langl. Bja. ^9 ; brede^ bret a. r. 
200, 222 ; (hie) brddeo hom. II. 55 ; brede|> 
Rob. 177 ; brddde {pret) o. & N. loi ; bred- 
den Langl. Brk. 347 ; brdd {pple) REL. I. 
211 ; ibred 0.& N. 1724 ; heo weoren ibredde 
Laj. 30071. 

breding, sb., breeding, C. M. 3479. 
breden, see br&den cmd breiden. 
bref, sb., O.Fr. bref, brief; brief, official docu- 
ment, letter, s. S. (Wr.) 3213 ; Man. (H.) 237 ; 
breve C. M. 19606. 

bref, adj., OJ^r. bref, LcU. brevis; briefs 
short, K. P. i. 268 ; in breff time Ber. 871 ; wi^ 
wordis breve {pi) H. v. 55. 
breffli, adv., shortly, bre[fl]i C M. 130; 
breveli C. M. 18199; brefeli SQ. L. D. 873. 
briefiies, sb., shortness, LUD. Cov. 79. 
bregand, sb., O.Fr. brigand; irregular foot- 
soldier; bregaunde) {pi.) D. Arth. 2096. 
bre^, see brdu. bregge, see brugge. 
bregge, v., for abregen ; abridge, WiCL. S. 
w. II. 407; briggen Halliw. 211; briggid 
{(pie) Man. (H.) 247 ; breiggid WiCL. Mk. 
xiii. 20. 

breggere, sb., abridger; perlipominon, that 
is . . . word bregger WiCL. pref. ep. I. 72. 
breid, see braid. 

breiden, v., O.E. bregdan, bredan,= O.L.G. 
bregdan, O.Fris. breida, brlda, O.N. bregma, 
bri^, f O.H.G. brettan, t M.H.G. briten ; 
twist, wrench, hurl, draw {a sword, etc.), plait, 
HOM. I. 201, II. 217 ; breiden . . . ane crune 
A. R. 124 ; breden verliche a dun 222 ; a gret 
ok he wolde breide a doun as it a smal ^de 
were Rob. 22 ; he schd breide a wei [* evellet H 
WiCL. PS. xxiv. 15 ; 5if Jiou brddest {J>res.) wod 
s. S. (Web.) 1907 ; ^ ancre . . . bene gult ne up 
breide hire A. R. 426 ; bredep wode P. 63 ; 
breld {pret.) A. R. 280; breid he ... a sweord 
La^. 1548; ^ king hine bra&id [breid] ssec 
6667 ; he braid . . . efter his alderen 6895 ; 
braeid hine of his stede 26777 ; braid [breid] 
him s^einward Jul. 72, 73 ; braid Iw. 3248 ; 
AV. Arth. xliii ; of his slep an on he braid 
Hav. 1282 ; J^e \^i braid out (h)is knif CHR. 



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brdie. 



brennen. 



89 



E. 670 ; 8che braid hure wel ne^ wod Fer. 

2099 ; J>an braide [/or braid] he up of his bed 

Will. 686; braided Alis. 5856; andbrudden 

up Baldolf LA3. 20335; faste hi drowe & breide 

P. L. s. xxL 108 ; bro^dan (pple,) Map 339 ; 

broiden o. & N. 645 ; broidin ' laqueatus^ PR. 

P. 53 ; breided, broided Ch. C. t. A 1049 ; 

amp. a-y »t-, for-, ^-, to-, wiS-breiden 

deriv, braid, (up-)brud. 
breiey sh,j=M.Du. brocye, MJI.G. briieje; 

brothy gravy ; brc L. C C 17 ; comp. ale-brdi. 
brein, see brain. 

brei)>e]i9 v., f 0.N, breg^i^breiden ; rush, 
fly ; breil'ed {pret,) : wine brei)>ed uppe 

into his braine A. p. ii. 1421. 
brek, sb., 0,E. (ge)brec, brece ; act of break- 

ingy Alis. 2168*; Man. (F.) 14662; c. m. 

6344 ; breke PR. P. 49. 
broke, see breohe. 
broken, v., O.E. brecan, = 0,L.G, brecan, 

O.Fris. breka, Goth, brikan, O.H.G. prechan, 

brechen, Lot. frangere ; dreamy A. R. 242 ; 

Kath. 2028; GEN. & EX. 3147; breoken 

Jin-. 58; breke o. & N. 1080; ayenb. 52; 

Mand. 228 ; him )K>uhte ]>at his herte wolde 

breke Ch. C. t. A 954 ; to brekene hom. I. 

43 ; br^kest (pres.) Orm. 1548 ; jif hit itit 

tet jni brekest godes heste HOM. I. 21 ; 
reke)> treat. 1^6 ; breo (imperat,) Marh. 
18 ; breke^ on {begin) Kath. 1301 ; brasc, 
braec, breac {pret.) hh'^, 1558,2623, 10978; 
brae P. L. S. viii. 93 ; GEN. & EX. 3100 ; he 
brae here bendes HOM. II. 113; brak Iw. 
3778 ; Ch. C. t. a 1468 ; WiCL. numb. xi. 8 ; 
a water brak out Trev. I. 191 ; brak, brek 
Rob. 22, 126; bree hom. I. 171 ; Marh. 5 ; 
brec on (v. r. bigon) Kath. 2295; brek 
ayenb. 16 ; ())u) breke Laj. 5037 ; Langl. 
C xxi. 383 ; br&ken, breken (pret.pl.) John 
«x. 32, 33; breken Laj. 27506; Jul. 59; 
ayenb. 64; Alis. 5891; s. s. (Wr.) 1218; 
breeken, braken WiCL. 2 paral. xxxi. i; 
brake ISUM. 652 ; brdken {pple.) Hay. 1238 ; 
Ch. Tro. v. 1204 ; brokin OCTAV. (H.) 944 ; 
wi^uten brokehe breade A. r. 342 ; brokun 
WiCL. Is. xxxvi. 6 ; brokene mete Mk. viii. 
20; comp. a-, et-, for-, ^e-, to-br6ken; deriv. 
brae, brake, brek, breohe, briuhe, briiche, 
brui^eL 

br6kere, sh.y= M.I/.G, brechaere; breaker , 
HOM. I. 83 ; comp. fiw-br6kere. 

br^kinge, sb., breakings ayenb. 48. 
brekil, adj., brittle, *JragiliSy PR. p. 177; 

TOWNL. loi. 

brembel, sb., O.E, brembel (? brembel) bre- 
mel, braemel m,, = O.H.G. bramal(buse) ; 
bramble, C M. 924 ; brembil, brimbil WiCL. 
ECCLUS. xliiL 21 ; Job xxxi. 40 ; brimbil, 
bremmil * tribulus, vepres * PR. P. 49 ; brem- 
blee (pi.) HOM. I. 223 ; brimbles II. 129. 

brembel-flour, sb., bramble-flower, Ch. 
ۥ T. B 1936. \HarL ms. brember-flour.] 



breme, adj., 0.E, bremc, bryme; valiant, 
spirited, famous, Orm. 7197; Greg. 260; 
Will. 18; Gaw. 1142; a. p. iii. 430; m. 
Arth. 229 ; TowNL. 197 ; J>u art wel modi 
and wel breme O. & N. 500 ; breme and bold 
K. T. 835 ; J>is strif bat is so breme C L. 538 ; 
bilke feste was wel breme Fl. & Bl. 792 ; 
oreme as a bare Degr. 1240 ; a breme bare 
Amad. (Web.) 171 ; a bor so brime S. & C. 
II. XX ; brim ^ferus, ferox* PR. P. 51; 
Man. (H.) 28 ; )>e se ]>at was ful brim Hay. 
2233 ; breme wittes Langl. B xii. 224 ; her 
breme blastis dep. R. iii. 365 ; bremme heed 
DEP. R. ii. 130; when briddes singe)> breme 
SPEC 44; foughten breme [breeme] Ch. C. 
T. A 1699. 

brSme-li, di6].,flerce, furious : mani bremli 
blast C M. 24847 ; brdmeli (adv.), Will. 23 ; 
Gaw. 1598. 
brdmnes, sh.,fury, D. Troy 4665. 

breme, sb., OJ^r. bresme; bream (the flsh), 
voc. 222 ; PR. p. 49 ; Ch. C. t. A 350. 

bren, sb., OJ^r. bren ; bran, * furfur,* PR. P. 
49; Ch. C. t. a 4053; AYENB. 210; bren, 
bran Langl. By\. 184 ; bran voc, 201. 
bran-brdd, sb., bran-bread, YOC 198. 

brende, adj., from brennen; of tawny 
colour, LiDG. M. P. 202. 

brend-fler, see under brfine. 

brene, see brune. 

brengen, v., O.E. brengan, = O.Fris. brenga, 
branga, O.L.G. brengean, M.H.G. brengen; 

from brlngen; bring ; brenge ayenb. 87 ; s.S. 
(Web.) 2169 ; Ed. 3 ; (/ ms, bringe, r. w. 
genge) La;. 15094; brengel? (pres.) Shor. 
6; br5hte(?br6hte), \p.E.hxb\i\e:,^ O.Fris. 
brochte, O.L.G. brahta, O.H.G. prahta] 
(pret.), brought, H. M. 45 ; P. S. 221 ; (ms. 
brohhte) Orm. 14361 ; brochte HOM. I. 171 ; 
me heom brohte drinken Laj. 13585 ; brouhte 
63 ; broute [brofte] 36 ; brojte, brouhte o. & 
N. 107 ; brojte AYENB. 1 18; j^at moni mon 
brofte to dej)e Roa 17 ; brouhte me a slep 
Langl. .^ v. 8 ; brou3te By. %\ broghte, 
brouhte, broughte Ch. C. t. B 522 ; broute 
REL. II. 277; brohtest Jul. 61; brohton 
HOM. I. loi; brohten Mat. ii. 11; Horn 
(R.) 44; brouhten A. R. 114; brdht (pple.) 
brought, HOM. 1. 283 ; SPEC 29 ; bro3t Langl. 
BrSx. 136; brouht, brouct, brouth, browt 
Hay. 336, 513, 1979, 2412 ; comp. ^e-brengen. 

brenie, see briinie. 

brenne, sb., O.N. brenna, cf O.H.G. brinna ; 

from brinnen ; burning, conflagration : hwan 
he . . . haveden . . . )>e fir brouth on brenne 
Hav. 1239. 

bren-stdn, sb., O.N. brenna-, brenni-, bren- 
nusteinn ; sulphur, Hickes 1. 228 ; j^^brim- 
Bton, brunstan, under brune. 

brennen, bemen, v., O.N. brenna, O.E. 
beman, baeman,= ^X.6^., OM.G. brennan, 



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90 



brennen. 



bresten. 



M,Du. bernen {urere, cremare), Goth, (ga)- 
brannjan (Kaitw) ; from brinnen ; bum^ Hav. 
916 ; his tail schal brennen in )>e glede Ch. 
C. T. Biii\ brenne M and. 48 ; brenne his 
londes Will. 1133; shal brenne ^arcUbit* 
WiCL. LEV. vi. 12 ; bemen a. r. 306 ; baernen 
Orm. 1529; lim heo gunnen baernen Laj. 
15466 ; heme Rob. 81 ; treat. 136 ; ayenb. 
173; breime}> (pres,) c L. 1258; brenne 
(subj.) Fl. & Bl. 5 ; brenning (pple.) Kath.* 
41 ; Langl. Cxx. 83 ; brende {preL) Orm. 
1086; gen. & EX. 1 108; P. L. s. xiii. 121 ; 
Fer. 2243; Langl. ^xvii. 326; Gow. II. 
164; WiCL. 4 kings xiv. 4; he brande, 
bamde Laj. 3824, 30459 ; bemde a. R. 242 ; 
as )>ah ha bemde Marh. 19; bamde Rob. 
300; brenden Sax. chr. 262; Rich. 6057; 

ter brenden cerges inne Hav. 594 ; )>e fires 
rende upon J)e auter Ch. C. t. A 2425 ; 
brend (pple,) Orm. iooo; Hav. 2832; 
brend gold Ch. C. t. -4 2162; Rich. 3349; 
brend, brent Will. 2646, 4367 ; brent HoccL. 
i. 390 ; comp. a-, for-brennen. 

brennar, sb., burner^ PR. p. 49 ; brenneris 
(pL) WiCL. s. w. III. 329. 

brenninge, sb., 0.E, beming; burnings 
gen. & EX. 3654 ; Ch. C. t. -4 996 ; beminge 
AYENB. 205. 
breost» sb., O.E, breost,=O.Z.(7., 0.N, briost, 
0,Fris, briast n,; breast ^ P. L. s. xvii. 66 ; 
Alis. 621 ; j)at breost Laj. 27556* ; J>i breost 
P. L. S. xvii. 66 ; briest ayenb. 175 ; brest 
Orm. 4774 ; GEN. & EX. 370 ; breest Trev. 
III. 341 ; brist LUD. Cov. 14 ; breoste A. R. 
18 ; moni breoste La^. 4540 ; ))a breste [J>e 
breost] 6497 ; breostes {gen^ hom. 1. 183; a 
)>an breoste LA5. 27553 ; ut of J>ire breoste 
1 5 83 1 ; )>ire br(e)oste GR. 20; upon be breeste 
of our lord Mand. 92 ; breost ( pi.) leechd. 
III. 120; )>a breost )>e jm suke Lk. xi. 27; 
bine breoste frag. 6; oreosten misc. 151; 
i)rustes Fer. 1072; breostam, breostan, 
breosten (dot. pi.) leechd. III. 120, 122, 
128; breosten Kath. 2130; briesten ayenb. 
247. 

br§8t-bon, sb., O.E. breostb^n ; breast' bone; 
Ch. C. t. a 2710 ; brustbon Fer. 1623. 

brfiBt-cltlt, sb., voc 173. 

brSoBt-lin, sb., O.E. breostlln; breast-linen, 
Orm. 955. 

brdst^plate, sb., breast-plate, Ch. C. T. 
A 2120. 

breo8t-]>onOy sb., O.E, breostgeJ)anc ; mind, 
La^. 1936. 

brdoste-wunde, sb., breast-wound, A. R. 
194. 
breostedy pple., having a breast, Gxrv^ 261. 
breoSen^ v., O.E. (a)breo¥an ; perish : )>er 
fore 3e sculled breo¥en Laj. 5807; heou 
brdooeS [brej>ij>] J>a Frenscc 5196 ; a broj^ln 
(f degenerate) (h)cir P. L, S. i. 44; comp. 
a-breoSen. 



breowen, v., O.E. hr^wzn,^ 3f.//.G. briu- 

wen, M.L.G. bruwen, M.Du. bru wen, brouwen, 

O.N. brugga; brew\ breowe hom. 1 1. 257; 

brewen GEN. & EX. 4054 ; brewe Man. (F.) 

1245; s. S. (Wr.) 1490; E. G. 355; bruwin, 

browin PR. P. 54 ; brdu (ms. brew) {pret.) 

P. S. 69; breu, breuh Langl. A v. 134; 

breuj hom. II. 256 ; brewed s. S. (Wr.) 1 285 ; 

J)ei Drowe Rob. 26; browen (pple.) Map 

337; Rich. 4365 ; browe Langl. -ff xviii. 361 ; 

ibrowen P. 29; ibrowe S. S. (Web.) 1494; 

brewid Flor. 687; deriv. bro}>, bru)>en. 

brdwere, sb., = M.H.G. briuwer, MJL.G. 

bruwere ; brewer, Langl. B xix. 394 ; brdo- 

wares (pi.) misc. 189; brueres R. S. vii 

(misc. 188). 

brewestere, shl, female brewer, Langl. B v. 

306; E. G. 355; browstere LUD. Cov. 132; 

browstar or brewere PR. P. 54. 
brer, sb., f sprout, young shoot; brer [breer] 

on ris a L. 123. 
brerdy sb., O.E. brerd, hrtSiX^,—O.H.G. prart, 

prat, Swed, bradd; margin, brink, Orm. 

14040; WiCL. EXOD. xxxvii. II ; herd ^margo* 

PR. P. 32 ; brerde (dot.) Trev. II. 173 ; upon 

helle brerde A. R. 324 ; breorde Laj. 23322. 
brerd-ftil, adj., cf. Swed. braddfuU ; Jull to 

the brim, Orm. 14529; bredful, bratful 

Langl. B prol. 41 ; bretful hom. II. 167 ; 

P- s. 333 (P- 41) ; PL. CR. 223 ; Ch. C, t. 

^687. 
brere» sb., O.E. brer m.; brier, *tributus, 

vepres* voc. 181, 229 ; PR. P. 49 ; ^eglanter* 

voc. 163 ; Langl. C iii. 28; Wicl. Job xxxi. 

40 ; ToWNL. 100 ; s. & C I. xxix; scharp as 

brere Ch. C. t. £"1825; breere LiDG. M.p. 218; 

brdre (dot.) MiN. vii. 128; bri^t so blosme 

on brere Greg. 18 ; rede brere L. c c. 42 ; 

breres (pi.) A. R. 276; Orm. 9212; Will. 

1809; Mand. 115; Ch. C. t. A 1532; a 

burden of brere spec iio. 
bres, see bras. 
br68e» sb., O.E. briosa, breosa (asilus, tabanus) ; 

gadfly, * oestrum,* voc. 255; *asilus* PR. p. 

49 ; * bruchus' Cath. 43 ; PS. civ. 34. 
bresecU adj., f bristly, a. p. ii. 1694 ; Gaw. 

305- 

bresen, see brusen. 
bresty bersty sb., OJSl. brestr, O.E. berst, 

=M.I/.G. brest, breste, M.Du. berst, berste ; 

damage, defect, PR. P. 49 ; A. P. ii. 229 ; c. M. 

16561 ; breste Haluw. 209 ; berst Bev. 

1930; j^/brust. 
brest, see brdost. 
bresten, berstan, v., O.N. bresta, O.E. 

berstan,=O.Z.G^. brestan, O.H.G. prestan, 

brestan, O.Fris. bersta; burst; brestin PR. 

P. 50; brestcn, berste CH. C. T. A 1980; 

breste, berste, WiCL. Mk. ii. 22; bei^en 

A. R. 80; berste Laj. 27683; Horn (R.) 

662; berste (pres. subj.) o. & N, 990; 



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Google 



bretasce. 



brige. 



91 



bmst {pret.) Ch. C. t. ^697; Trist. 191 ; 
Tor. 687 ; Degr. 1622 ; brast, barst Langl. 
Bvi. 180; barst hh^ 1467; Aus. 625; J)et 
meari bearst ut Jul. 59; brosten OCTOV. 
(W.) 1088; Man. (F.) 1833; broston Ed. 
3449 ; barsten Jul. 59 ; Rich. 2892 ; stanes 
ber bursten Laj. 27719; )« bees bursten out 
Rich. 2892; hire limes burste P. L. s. xv. 
193; borsten K. T. 1049; brosten (pple,) 
Ch. C. t. .^43829; WiCL. GEN. vii. 11; 
iborstcn Hickes I. 228 ; comp, aBt-, to- 
bresten ; deriv, brest^ brust. 

bretasce, sb., O.Fr, bretesche ; brcUtice^ bar- 
HzoHy ^ propugnaculumi PR. P. 50 ; brutaske 
Rob. 536. 

bretascOy v., fortify with a brattice \ bre- 
tezed (pple,) LiDG. Troy ii. ii. 
briteising, sb., bratticing, WiCL. S. w. 1. 191. 

bretJ, sb., O.E. brae^ m., allied to O.H.G. 
pradam ; breath, a. R. 80 ; unl(e)ofne bre^ 
HOM. I. 153; bnej) TREAT. 136; Shor. 102; 
P. L. s. v.* 41 ; Trev. II. 185 ; |>e bote bre^ 
0. & N. 1454 ; bre)>, breej) Ch. C. t. C 552 ; 
bretz P. R. L. P. 221 ; bP§"Se (dot.) hom. II. 
145 ; for ban ufele bre^ I. 43 ; brej>e Ch. C. 
T. ^ 5 ; LiDG. M. P. 62 ; brethc PR. C 613. 
brS}>-]naii9 sb., t blower of a wind instru' 
ment; brdthemen (pi.) D. Arth. 4108. 

brethe, sb., / O.N. brse^i ; Jrom brft}> ; ffury 
D. Arth. 2213 ; brej) 'furorem* PS. xxxvi. 8 ; 
brethe (dat.) TOWNL. 197. 

bre]>el, sb., fjrom brdotSen ; wretch, worth- 
less person; (printed breyel) *miserculus* 
PR. P. 50; brifel (f pf inted hri^^l) rel. II. 
119; brethelis (pi.) lud. Cov. 308. 

bre)>eling9 sb., ?=bre]>el; Ar. & Mer. 64; 
bri)>cling R. s. vi (MISC. 184, 185). 

brethin, v., breathe, smell, exhale perfume, 
^spiro,' PR. p. 50; bre})i treat. 136; 
hr^\>i}^ (pres.) WiCL. John iii. 8; bre)>ede 
(pret) TREV. VIII. 195 ; D. Troy 8777. 

breo, sb., OJ^r. breu; broth ; brewe ^brodium^ 
voc. 241. 

[bren-, stem of hr^wen, brew.] 
brdn-oniy sb., O.E. breawem; brewhouse, 
voa 178. 

br§u-hoiui9 sb., }^M./I.G. briuhus; brew- 
house, voc 204 ; Ch; C. t. A 3334. 

breu (? brewe), sb., O.E. breaw, braew m., 
^OJV. bra/, O.H.G. bra, pra n.f, O.Fris. 
bre n.; mod.Eng. brow; eyelid, eyebrow; 
banh, river-side (mod. brae) ; breje SPEC 34 ; 
brie 'cilium' voc 76; bank ne bre Man. 
(F-) 10333 ; brSie (ms. breye) (dat.) R. S. v 
(Misc 182); brdwaa (pi.) leechd. III. 98; 
brdwifl (pi.) WiCL. lev. xiv, 9; breowen 
Laj. 18374; brees AV. Arth. xv; brijes 
Misc 226; comp. S^e-brgu; see brft. 

breue, see brefl 

brdven, v., « OJ^. brefa, M.H.G. brieven ; 
from bref; commit to writing, p. s. 156; 



braved (pple) Gaw. 2521 ; A. P. ii. 197 ; 

ibrevet hom. I. 249 ; Marh. 16. 
brevet, sb., Fr. brevet; brevet, Langl. A 

PROL. 71. 
brevetour, sb., carrier of brevets, ^bre^ 

vigerulus,* PR. p. 50. 

brewe, see brSu. brewen, see br§owen. 
bri, sb., O.E. bf[w, ^ M.Du., O.H.G. bn, 

MX.G. brig ; broth, sops, *puls,* FRAG. 4. 
bribe, sb., O.Fr. bribe (morsel of bread\ 

mod.Eng. bribe ; t plunder ; feyning a cause 

for he wolde han a bribe [v. r. wolde bribe] 

Ch. C. t. DiyjZ (Wr. 6960). 
briberie, sb.,=0./>. briberie (mendicancy), 

mod.Eng. hnht^ry; pilfering, Trev. VIII. 

81 ; briberies (pi.) Ch. C. t. D 1367. 
bnbe]>» sb. : gon a bribe)) [bribed] (go a* 

^^ggi^g) Langl. Cix. 246. 
bnbin, v.,, O.Fr. briber (to beg), mod.Eng, 

bribe ; pilfer, * manticulor,* PR. P. 50 ; bribe 

Ch. C. t. a 4417. 
bribour, sb., O.Fr. bribeur ; pickpocket, thief, 

rascal, LUD. Cov. 183 ; briboures (pi.) Trev. 

II. 147. 
briohe, adj., O.E. brice, bryce ; from broken ; 

frail, poor, H. s. 5821. 
briolie, see bruche. 
brid, sb., O.E. bridd m., mod.Eng. bird; 

young bird; bird in general ; ^pullus* FRAG. 

3 ; * avis * PR. P. 50 ; A. R. 102 ; o. & N. 124 ; 

S. s. (Wr.) 3035 ; Mand. 48 ; WiCL. lev. 

xvii. 13 ; culfre bridd Orm. 7887 ; Judas was 

a li)>er brid (youth) P. L. S. xxii. i ; mi brid i 

fed L. H. R. 133 ; briddes (gen.) P. L. S. xxv. 

13 ; briddes (pi.) A. R. xii. 118, 128 ; Kath. 

64; Langl. ^ xii. 131 ; Will. 179; Ch. C.t. 

A 2929 ; ant. Arth. xxvii ; birdes D. Arth. 

2510; birdus TOR. 2044; bridde (dat.pl.) 

0. & N. 644. 
brid-lim, sb., bird-lime, PR. p. 50; birdUm 

voc 221. 
bride, sb., O.Fr. bride; bridle, Alis. 2626; 

(tns. bridel, r. w. ride) HORN (L.) 772 (R. 

778, H. 801).^ 
bride, see brude. 
bridel, sb., O.E. bridel, =a/r.(7.britel, bridel, 

MJ..G.,M.Du.hTt\6A\ ; from breiden ; bridle, 

A. R. 74 ; o. & N. 1028 ; Rob. 396 ; Shor. 6 ; 

Ch. C. t. a 2506 ; J)ane bridel ayenb. 253 ; 

bridil Rich. 5817 ; bridle (dat.) ayenb. 204 ; 

bridles (//.) WiCL. James iii. 3. 
bridelin, v., O.E. (ge)bridlian, = M.H.G. 

britelen ; bridle, ^freno,* PR. P. 50 ; bridleS 

(pres.\ A. R. 74 ; bridlen Gow. 1. 1 10 ; bridled 

(pple) Orm. 11664; brideled Mand. 253; 

ibridled Ch. l. g. w. hi. 
bne, see brdiu briest* see breost. 
brige, sb., O.Fr. brigue; intrigue, quarrel, 

« briga, dissension PR. P. 50 ; Ch. C. t. B 2872. 
brige-less, adv., without cavil, Angl. V. 28. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



92 



brige. 



brink. 



brige, v., fFr, briguer; entrap \ ))0 fende 

hafs cast )>is snare for to brige men WicL. 

S. w. III. 416. 
Brigge, pr. n., O.E. Brycge, M.Du. Brugghe ; 

Bruges^ Sax. chr. 254. 
brigge, see briigge. 
brigouSy adj., O.Fr. brigeus, from Lot, bri- 

gosus; disputable^ Trev. III. 203. 
bri^ty see briht. 
briht, adj., 0,E, bryht, breoht, beorht, berht, 

byrht,=az:.(^. berht, bereht, a/f.6^. beraht, 

O.N. biartr, Goth, bairhts; bright^ HOM. 1. 

61; Laj. 7239; MISC. 88; SPEa25; K.T.240; 

(ms. bnhht) Orm. 3431 ; briht, bri^t O. & N. 

623; bricht HOM. II. 255; MISC. 27; 

brijt AYENB. 74; Degr, 1483; brijt and 

schene Shor. 149; brijt win Gaw. 129; 

brigt GEN. & EX. 132 ; bnjt, bright Ch. C. t. 

A 1062; brith Hav. 589; brict Horn (H). 

14 ; printed britt HiCKES 1. 228 ; brist rel. I. 

48 ; briht, breoht Lk. xi. 34, 36 ; breost Mat. 

vi. 22; his brithe bride Hav. 2131 ; |>et 

brihte rbr(e)ohte] i-cunde HOM. I. 147, 149; 

j^at . . . brehte . . . kinde HOM. II. 205 ; brihte 

(dat, m,) Marh. 19 ; brihte (//.) H. M. 19; 

Hav. 2610 ; his ejen b(e)o^ swa brichte HOM. 

I. 165 ; brihtre (compar) Kath. 1680 ; 

brihtre, brictere HOM. I. 39, 139; brihtere, 

brihture A. R. 38, 182; brihtore spec 57; 

brihtest (superl,) Marh. 21 ; brictest GEN. 

& EX. 19 10. 
br^t, sb., beautiful woman : breue me brijt 

quatkin of priis beres be perle so maskeUez, 

a. P. i. 754 ; brigt ; brightness^ splendour^ GEN. 
• & EX. 143 ; bright TOWNL. i. 

brihte, adv., brightly ^ CHR. E. 770; {ms. 

brihhte) Orm. 2138 ; brijte Brd. 2. 
briht -Hoe, 0,E. beorhtllce ; brightly^ Mk. 

viii. 25; brihtliche A. R. 154; bri;tliche 

AYENB. 150; brihtliiker (compar.) A. R. 

96. 
brihtnesse, sb., (?.^. bryhtness, beorhtness ; 

brightne^t HOM. I. 217, II. 31 ; brictnesse I. 

239 ; bri3tnesse ayenb. 27 ; brihtnisse, breht- 

nisse John v. 41, xvii. 22. 
brihten, v., 0,E. (ge)brihtan, beorhtan, byrh- 

tan,=6>.7V. birta; brighten^ K. K. 148; brihte 

(imper.) HOM. I. 200 ; til on morwen J»e dai 

bright S. S. (Wr.) 1997. 
brike, sb., Fr. brique, cf M.L,G.^ M,Du. 

bricke ; bricky E. G. 372 ; brik w. & I. 37. 
brike, sb., 0,North,Fr, brique ; snare, trap : 

Genilon Oliver brought this worthy king in 

such a brike Ch. C. t. B 3580, 
briUin, see birlen. 
brim, sb., 0,E,, « O.N. brim ; stormy sea, 

waves, L. H. R. 125 ; MiN. vi. 57 ; brimme 

(dat^ Gaw. 2172 ; and lepith dune into the 

brimme P. L. s. xxxv. 157. 
briin-swin, sb., / O.N. brimsvin; f porpoise \ 

* delphinus^ PR. P. 54. 



brim, sb., O.E. brymm (/J/.brymmas) ; brim, 
brink, margin", brimme (dat^ JOS. 458; 
Gow. II. 293; Trev. I. 423 ; Ch. l. g. w. 
2451; Em. 694; A. P. i. 232; bi )>an 
brimme La^. 4472 ; to )ns londes brimme 
Horn (L.) 190; brimmes (//.) Trev. viii. 
139. 

brim, brime, see brdme. 

brime, sb., O.N. brimi ; / burning heat, fire : 
ant f urh |)e brime [/ read brune] ablindc^ 
Marh. 15. 

brim-fir, see brinfir, under brune. 

brimmen, v., O.E. bremman {^age, roar),^ 
O.H.G. breman, M.H.G. bremen, MJ}u. 
bremen ; (of swine) be in heat, copulate; (of 
trees) bear fruit : the sonner wol thei brimme 
a^ein and bringe forth pigges moo Pal. iil 
1070; brimen and beren GEN. & EX. 118; 
brime * subare ' cath. 44. 

brimse, sb., O.E. hrimst,^ M.Du. bremse; 
gadfly, Wr. dict. 257. 

brim-ston, sb. (^^brinstdn, from brinnan) ; 
brimstone, sulphur, CHR. E. 181 ; brimstoon, 
bremston Ch. C. t. A 629 ; brim-, brumston 
WiCL. DEUT. xxix. 23, Job xviii. 15 ; bremston 
Beves 3277; brumston Map 339; misc. 
227 ; see brenston, i/xr^^r bremie, andhrusir 
Bt&n, under brune. 

brin, sb., O.N. brun (pi. brynn), Dan., Swed. 
bryn; brow, ^ supercilium,^ PR. P. 51 ; Man. 
(F.) 12344; bryne av. Arth. XV. 

bnne, sb., O.E. bryne (for brine), = M.Du. 
brijne ; brine, ^salsugo^* PR. P. 5 1 ; C M. 6348 ; 
Pall. iii. 39. 

brinflr, see under brune. 

bringe, s\i., bringing-, wel bi^ him ))ere bringe 
LA5. 743- 

bringen, v., O.E. bringan {pple. brungen),— 
0X.G.hnng2JCi, O./f. C^.pringan, bringan (/r^/. 

Erang, pple, prungan), Goth, briggan, O.Fris. 
ringa ; bring, A. R. 268 ; GEN. & EX. 3 1 2 ; H. H. 
6; bringen on (induce) Orm. 7717; bringen 
heom to gadere misc. 37 ; bringen [brinee] 
La^. 741 ; ne mihten heo . . . nenne a dun 
bringe 26588 ; bringe o. &:N. 1029 ; Hav. 72 ; 
to dej)e bringe Rob. 335 ; to ende bringe c. L. 
288 ; fhiit . . . bringe leb. Jes. 566 ; bringetS 
(pres.) HOM. 1. 103 ; H. M. 33 ; & bringe6 hire 
on to gederen A. R. 222 ; )>eonne bringe^ he 
up sum lu%er word 426 ; bringeb o. & N. 524 ; 
bring (imper.) Marh. 19 ; bringe (subj.) P. 
l. s. xix. 284; for thepret. see under brengan ; 
comp. ^e-bringen ; deriv. brengen. 
bringere, sb., bringer, Mand. 243 ; bringaie 
PR. P. 51 ; Ch. C. t. D 1197. 
brinie, see brCbiie. 

brink, sb., cf. M.L.G., Dan., Swed. brink, TceL 
brekka ; brink, ^margo, ripa,* PR. P. 52 ; brinke 
idat.) A. R. 242*; LEG. 130 ; Alis. 3491 ; Man. 
(F.) 4623 ; bi ))e se brinke Horn (L.) 141 ; 
on mi pittes brinke Ch. C. t. E 1401 ; in )ie 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



brimioii* 



broj^* 



93 



brinkc ['tn Utore'] WiCL. JOHN xxL 4; 

brinkes (pL) Trev. VIII. 349. 
brixmen, v., O.E, brinnan, beornan, byman, 

= O.L,G.j O^H.G.i Goth, brinnan, OJV, brinna ; 

buruy (inirans,) ; brinne C. M. 5749 ; ISUM. 

695 ; brinne, brenne Ch. C. T. Z? 53 ; beomen 

FRAG. 7 ; beoraen, bemen Laj. 2858, 16218 ; 

beomen (r. «/. jeome) hom. 1. 197 ; birne 239 ; 

Tor. 555 ; berae Ar. & Mer. 2320 ; brinne'o 

{pres,) REL. I. 215 ; beamed H. M. 37 ; bir- 

nende, beorninde {pple.) HOM. I. 41, 95 ; 

beminde R. s. iv (Misa 166) ; bom {preL) 

Laj. 16217 ; buraen 4579 ; bume {subj^ Laj. 

28oi85 ; comp, for-brinnen ; deriv, brenne^ 

brennen, brune, brand, 
brisel, see bruail. brisen, see brusexu 
briseworty see under brUse. 
bristy see brust. 
BristowOy pr. n., 0,E. Brycgstowe ; Bristol^ 

Rob. 277 ; Trev. II. 35 ; Bristouwe [Brus- 

touwe] Laj. 21027. 
briteisingy see bretaaoe. 
britel, see bruteL britnen, see brutnen. 
britoner, see bratiner. 
bri}>el9 bri}>eling9 see bre)>el, bre)>eliiig. 
brixle, sb., O.N. brigsli {for ♦brig^sli) ; from 

breiden ; reproach^ upbraiding \ brixel, bricsl, 

brixil c. M. 10319, 24044, 28196 ; comp. up- 

brizle. 
brixlen, v., 0,N, brigsla ; reprovt ; bnixlea 

(^pres) A. p. iii. 345. 
InrOy see br& and breu. 
broOy sb., f menace \ )ns was hire broc {first 

text ibcot) Laj. 21029*. 
broo, sb., 0.E, broc m, {brook), - M,Du, broek, 

0,H,G, bruoch n, (marsh) ; brook, HOM. 1. 187 ; 

aenne broc Laj. 10828 ; brok, brook Ch. C. t. 

A 3922 ; brdke (dot.) La^. 1083 i ; Langl. 

J?vi. 137; A. P. i. 141; brokes {pL) Laj. 

31228 ; A. r. 258. 
broo-minte, sb., 0,E. brocminte; brook- 

ndnty voc. 140. 
brocdge, sb., brokage, trade or action of a 

broker; jobbery, Langl. Bm. 267, Cxvii. 

109 ; Ch. C. T. a 3375. 
brdohe, sb., OJ^r. broche ; broach {spit) ; 

brooch, ^vefu,* voc. 178 ; ^monile* 199 ; A. R. 

420 ; WiCL. JER. iv. 30 ; (spear) L. L. R» 133 ; 

ha)> set a broche {a broach) )»e tonne LiDG. 

M. P. 164; broches (pL) ayenb. 229; Langl. 

^xvii. 245 ; bruchez D. Arth. 3257. 
bnSohin, v., Fr. brocher; broach {a cask), spur 

(a horse), PR. P. 52 ; broching Fer. 3657 ; 

br6ohede {pret.) D. Arth. 2714. 
brookey sh^ ^M,Du, brocke, O.H,G. brocco 

m.; from broken ; fragment', broc (broken 

skin) Trans. XXX. 381 ; broooan {dot. pi.) 

Mat. XV. 37. 
broooiir, brokonry sb., cf medXat. bro- 

carius ; broker, Langl. B ii. 65, C iii. 66. 



brod» sb., O.E, brord, OJV. broddr {spiculum, 

ora), cf O.H.G. pro^ prort m. (ora) ; spike; 

brad; ear of com, * aculeus,* voa 202 ; * clavus 

acephalus,* PR. P. 53 ; brodd & blome Orm. 

10773 ; brurdea (pL) A. p. ii. 1474. 
brurd-ful, adj., cf brerdftd; full to the 

brim, A. P. ii. 383. 
brod, sb., O.E. hrod,^ M.Du. broed, M.H.G. 

bruot ; brood, O. & N. 1633 ; netes brod GEN. & 

EX. 3712 ; be lu))er brod Rob. 70; brode (dcU.) 

o. & N. 518 ; c M. 1507 ; he sit a brode P. L. 

s.v.«35. 
brod, see brftd. 
brodden, v., from brod ; shoot^ sprout, Orm. 

10769. 
brddien, see brftdien. 
brodin, v., brood, ^foveo} pr. p. 53 ; see 

brdden. 

broiderer, see broudiour. 
broiderie, see brouderL broidin, see 

breiden. 
broilen, v., O.Fr. bruiller; broil, ^ustulo, 

torreo,* PR. p. 53 ; broile Ch. C. t. A 383. 
brok, sb., O.E. broc, cf. Dan. brok, Jr., Gael. 

broc, Welsh broch; badger, ^taxus,' PR. p. 

53; ^teissoun^ voc 166; Iw. 98; brookes 

(pi.) LA3. 12817 ; brokkes Trev. I. 327. 
brok, sb., O.E. hroc,= O.N. brokkr; fnag; 

hait brok Ch. C. t. D 1543. 
br6ke,/^r brdken, pple. of broken; leep- 

fnllis of broke meat WiCL. s. w. II. 14. 
br6ke-bakkid, adj., hunch back, *gibbosus,* 

PR. P. 53 ; Gam. 720. 
br6ke-footid, adj., broken footed [^fracto 

pede% WiCL. LEV. xxi. 19. 
brdke-legged, adj., bandy-legged^ Langu 

Bv'i. 138. 

br6ke-ragget, adj., hump-backed, H. M. 25. 
br6ke-Bhankid, -sohonket, adj., broken 

legged, Langl. A vii. 131. 
brokel, see briioheL broken, see broken, 
brokken, v., f murmur ; a^e the crokkere to 

brokke Shor. 106 ; brokkinge (pple.), as a 

nyghtyngale Ch. C. t. A 3377. 
brol, sb., offspring, child; broile Langl. B iii. 

204 ; brol PL. CR. 745 ; REL. II. 177 ; broUis 

(pi.) WiCL. S. W. 195. 

brom, sb., O.E. brom m.,^MJDu. broem; 

broom, ^ genista,^ FRAG. 3 ; VOC. 140 ; a. P. iii. 

392 ; broom Mand. 130 ; brome (dot.) Aus. 

2492; bromes (pi.) ['myricae*] WiCL. Jer. 

xvii. 6 ; Ch. h. f. 1226. 
Brdm-holm, pr. n., Ch. C. T. A 4286. 
brond, see brand, brosen, see bruaen. 
brosnien, v., O.E. brosnian ; crumble, break 

(intrans.) : ))u scalt rotien & brostnian {ffor 

brosnian) frag. 7. 
brotel, see bruteL 
broI>, sb., O.E. bro¥, * OJI.G. prod n.; tfrom 



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94 



broji. 



brtlgge. 



br§owen ; broth, Rob. 528 ; p. s. 334 (P. 43) 1 
Mand. 250 ; Al. (V.) 310. 

brd)>9 see brft)>. 

bro}>el9 adj., tfrom breotSen; wretched^ 
Langl. a xi. 61 ;' bro)>el (subsL) Gow. III. 
173 ; LUD. Cov. 217 ; bro}>els {pL) PL. CR. 
772 ; see bre)>el. 

brotter [br6}>er], sb., 0,E, bro^r, br6¥ur,= 
Goth, brobar, O X.CP.brothar, bniother, 0,Fris, 
brother, OJ^. bro^ir, 0,H.G, pruoder, bruoder. 
Lot, frater, Or, ipparrip; brother, Laj. 2105; 
brober o. & N. 118 ; (ms, bro))err) Orm. 296 ; 
brofer, brother Ch. C. t. A 529 ; broder Flor. 
718; broSer, [O.E. hra^r,^ 0,N, bro^ur, 
O.H.G, brooder, Goth. ;br6)n-s. Lot, fratris] 
(gen,) Laj. 6741 ; brojier Rob. 291 ; )>is was 
na bro))er dede (? bro))erdede) c. M. 3750; 
bro^res HOM. II. 147 ; brSSer, [0,E, bre¥er, 
0,N, bro^ur, brcE^r] (dot.) rel. 1. 223; bro^Ser 
Mat. xxii. 25 ; brober Laj. 4294 ; brSSre, [O.E. 
bro^r, br^ro, oro^ra, = O.Fris, broUiera, 
brothere, 0,N, brse^r, Goth. br6))rius, O.H.G. 
brooder, broodra, Lat. fratres] (//.) Mk. x. 30 ; 
brofre misc. 55 ; bro^re, bre^re, bre^ren hom. 
1. 7, 9, 1 1 ; bre¥re Sax. chr. 32 ; bre)>re Orm. 
8269; bre))er Will. 2641; Man. (H.) 51; 
bre^ir Amad. (R.) Ix ; breder AuD. 35 ; bre- 
¥ere, bri¥ere GEN. & ex. 823, 2271 ; bri|)er 
S. s. (Wr.) 1899 ; bro)>ren ayenb. 102 ; bro- 
beren Shor. 45 ; bro^JSeren, bre^ren, bre¥eren 
[brobers] Laj. 2101, 2137, 4292 ; bre^ren A. R. 
54 ; JUL. 40 ; brejjeren Bek. 463 ; Mand. 222 ; 
bre)>eren, bri))ren WiCL. GEN. xxix. 4 ; brStSere, 
[O.E. bro¥ra,= aiV. br&^ral {gen.pl.) GEN. & 
EX. 2213; bre])eme Brd. 26; brdoren (dot. 
pi.) Mat. xviii. 35 ; broJ)ren misc. 53. 
bro}>er-hdde, sb., brotherhood, ayenb. i id ; 
Ch. C. t. -5 1232 ; Am. & Amil. 362 ; Gaw. 
2516; c. M. 1159. 

br5)7er-r6dene (ms. -reddene), sb., O.E. bro- 
)>orrseden ; fraternity, HOM. 1. 41 ; bro|)errede 
AYENB. no. 

bro|>-fal, sb., tcf. aiV. brottfall ; f epilepsy*, 
Orm. 15504. 

brouderiy broideries sb., Fr. broderie ; em- 
broidery, WiCL. EXOD. xxviii. 39; browdrie 
XXXV. 33. 

broudin, v., Fr. broder; embroider, PR. p. 
53 ; brouded (pple.) Ch. C. t. A 3238. 
brondinge, browding, sb., embroidery, Ch. 
C. T. A 2498. 

broudiour, brouderere, sb., Fr. brodeur ; 
broiderer, PR. P. 53; broiderer WiCL. 2 kings 
xxi. 19. 

broue, see brawe. 

brouet, sb., Fr. bTOuet,= Ital. brodetto ; broth, 
PR. p. 54; DEP. R. ii. 51; L. C.C. 22; broues, 
[O.Fr. broues, broez, prov.Eng. browis] ; 
^adipatum^ PR. P. 53; brouis VOC. 199; 
broes 266; and soupid of fe brouwis a sope 
Rich. 3077 ; brois Hay. 924. 



brouken, see broken, bronn, see brOn. 
brotisoh-9 see broaob-. brouwe, see 

brOwe. 
[browe, sh.}^MJ>u. bruwe (broth); comp. 

fiflo-browe]. 
bruche,sb.,0.-E.bryce,=J!f.Z>». break, O.H.G. 

pruh, broch \from br^en; bretuh; violation; 

crime ; H. M. 21 ; ROB, 26 ; REL. 1. 241 ; at )>e 

furmeste broche bat he fond he lep in II. 272 ; 

for monnes broche Kath. 12 10; breche Lk. 

xxiv. 35 ; bruches (pi.) SPEC. 30 ; J>e bruches 

of hire bodi Kath. 1615 ; bruchen (dat.pl.) 

Marh. 21 ; i bote of j4os brochen A. R. 28 ; 

comp. fi-y burh-y gri]>-9 mund-y sohip-, 

8pu8-bruohe (-briche). 
brfiche, adj., O.E. hiyce,— Goth, briiks, O.II. 

G. pruch; from brOken; useful ; briche REL. 

1. 225 ; Man. (F.) 11406. 
briichely adj., =Af.Z>i/., MX.G. broke! ; from 

broken; brittle; Kath. 2029; a. r. 164; 

brokel, brokel M. H. 120, 154 ; brokil ^Jragilis* 

PR. P. J3; Langl. Cxi. 47*; h. v. 86; of 

brokele kende Shor. 3 ; bruohelure (compar.) 

A. r. 164. 
briiohehieBsey sb., fragility, p. L. R. P. 

251 ; brokilnesse quair cxciv. 
[bnid, sb., O.E. bryd, brygd; from breiden ; 

comp. up-brud]. 

brude, sb., O.E. bryd,- O.L.G. briid, O.I/.G. 
prut, brut, O.N. bru%r, Goth, brubs; bride, 

A. R. 164; H. M. 5 ; Misa 91 ; Horn (L.) 
1058 ; p. s. 239 ; brede Mat. xxv. i ; Al. (T.) 
129; brid Orm. 14194; bride PR. P. 50; 
Hay. 2131 ; Ch. C. t. E 1818 ; brode (ffor 
burde) La^. 294. 

brSd-ale, sb., O.E. brydealo ; bridal, Horn 
(L.) 1032 ; REL. I. 265 ; broid-, bridale 
Langl. ^ii. 43 ; bridale Orm. 14003 ; gen. 
& EX. 1674; OCTAV. (H.) 1702 ; bredale Misc. 

29; AYENB. 118. 

briid-giite, sb., giving in marriage, * nup^ 
tias,* Mat. xxii. 2. 

brEd-s^ume, sb., O.E. brydguma,=O.Z.G^. 
brodigumo, O.H.G. brotigomo; bridegroom, 
Marh. 19 ; bridgume Orm. 10422; br^gume 
Mat. ix. 15; misc. 29; bredgome ayenb. 
2331 bred^umen (gen.) Mk. ii. 19. 

br&d-lAo, sb., O.E. brydlSc ; nuptials, Jul. 
7; H.M.3. 

briid-l^ingy sb. O.E. bryd))ing; nuptials^ 
Misa99. 

brugge,sb.,a£'.brycg,= aiV.bryggja, O.Frts. 
bregge, O.H.G. brucca ; bridge, Laj. 19242 ; 
Will. 2140; Langl. Bv. 6oi\ brigge Ch. 
C. T. A 3922 ; Man. (H.) 241 ; Mand. 7 ; 
)>e brigge . . . al of marbre imad is sche Fer. 
1680 ; fe brigge of |>e nose YOC. 183 ; bregge 

B. DISC. 1252; brugge (gen.) Rob. 539; 
brugge (dcU.) a. r. 242; brigge Hoccl. L 
190;. briiggen (pi.) Rob. 555 ; brigges Sax. 
CHR. 254 ; comp. draht-, tu-briigge. 



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brtlgge. 



brustlien. 



95 



b(rigge*Mte» sb., 0,E. bryc^bot ; repairing 

or restorcUion of a bridge^ REL. I. 33. 
brlgge-wardy sb., bridge keeper^ Fer. 1700. 
toriiggen, v., 0>E, brycgian, MX,G. bruggen ; 

bridge-^ briggeden (preL) HOM. II. 91; 

Ibr^Sged (^le.) La^ 21276. 
bruk, sb.y Lot, bruchus ; a kind of locust^ 

WlCL. LEV. xi. 2; bruik Hamp. PS. civ. 

32. 
bruken, v., 0,E, bruom {pret, breac),= 

0,L.G. brucan, brukan, VJ*'ris,y OJV. bruka, 

^Goth. brukjan, OJI.G, pruhhan, pruchen; 

enjoYyUse^x.K.202'y H. M. 33; Orm. 2154; 

tat bred bruken HOM. II. 95 ; bruken [brouke] 
e heo )K>hte La^.4Soo ; bruken nanes drenches 
19755 ; broken 15334 ; aslra )Ntra )>inge )« on 
paiadis beo^ ]m most bruce HOM. I. 121 ; 
bruke Misa 76; brouke Langl-^xL 117; 
Ch. C. t. E 2308 ; so mote ich brouke finger 
or to Hav. 1743 ; broke P. L. S. xiv. 51 ; Fer. 
3484; to brukene HOM. I. 105; brouke 
(pres.) P. S. 332 ; brukest HOM. I. ill ; brao 
(tmper.) GEN. & EX. 1831 ; bruc his [brouk 
hit] on wunne Laj. 24180; broke Amad. (R.) 
bd; dertv.hTVLOhB, 

bran, adj., 0,E, brun,=OJV^. brunn, O.H,G, 
prun ; brown^ a M. 18833 ; broun Ch. C. t. 
^207 ; mi brune her Misc 193 ; of broune 
here Rob. 429 ; hire browe broune spec. 28 ; 
J« brune (sb^ Hav. 2181 ; this feire broune 
IS sone to the kinge Mer. xxi. (373). 

briiney sb., O.E, bryne, byme, cf O.N. bruni, 
m,; from brinnen ; bum^ bumingy HOM. I. 
203 ; Laj. 8255 ; H. M. 9 ; )»e brune of gohiesse 
a. r. 254 ; buses brune O. & N. 1 155 ; bringen 
on brune set on fire Kath. 1364; brene 
AYENB. 264 ; f comp, herte-bren. 
brin-fir» sb., burning fire ; brimfir GEN. & 
EX. 754; brinnres (gen.) 1164. 

brendfler-reiii» sb., gen. & ex. iiio. 
brun-st&n, s\>,y * sulphur^ PS. x. 7; PR. c. 
4853; brunston misc. 150; brun-, brin-, 
brenston, WiCL. GEN. xix. 24, PS. x. 7 ; 
brinston P. L. S. xxi. 143 ; A. P. ii. 967 ; ant. 
Arth. XV ; bren-, bemston ayenb. 49, 73 ; 
bronston Man. (F.) 14684* ; lud. Cov. 308 ; 
bomston voc 211 ; see bren-ston. 

brtmen, v.,= O.H,G, brunen ; become brown ; 
brouni}> (pres.) Aus. 3293. 

briinie, sb., O.E. byme,«= OJV. brynja, O.L.G.y 
Goth, brunjo, OM,G, prunja ; coat of maily 
A. R. 382 ; r. S. iv; Horn (L.) 591 ; brunie, 
bume La> 1553, 6718; bruni Alis. 1869; 
Gaw. 2012; brinie Hav. 1775; brenie HOM. 
I. 243 ; breni ant. Arth. xli ; bume HOM. I. 
155 ; buman (pi,) Laj. 1701. 

briiniedy 2A).y provided with a coat of mail : 
breniede (pL) knightes D. Arth. 316 ; see 
^bronied. 

Bmimey pr. n., Boum^ Man. (F.) 135. 

bnmswini see under brim* 



bnmty sb., brunt y impetus! PR. P. 54; A. P. 

i. 176; bront LiDG. M. P. 261 ; bronte S. B. 

w. 3166. 

brurd, see bred, 
brusohy sb., Ital. brusco ; brushy brushwood^ 

^bruscusy PR. P. 54 ; Man. (F.) 8338. 

bmsohalley sb., Fr. broussaile; brushwood \ 

PR. P. 54. 
bmsohe, sb., ItcU, brusca ; brush : wiped it 

with a brushe Langl. ^xiii. 460. 
bmsohe, brouBh, sb., forcible rushy Alex. 

783 ; at a brush Alex. 2133. 
bmsoheiiy v., brush (clothes) ; brusche B. B. 

180. 
brusohen, v., rush with force; brusohes 

(pres.) Alex. 963; bruschese D. Arth. 1681 ; 

brusshet D. Troy 1192; brusohid (pret.) 

WiNT. viii, xiiL 93. 
brusohety sb., thicket y Haluw. 215 ; Fer. 

800. 

[brfise, sb., f bruise] 
brise-wort, sb., O.E. brysewyrt (Leechd. I. 

374); bruise-wort y * anagallisy LEECHD. II. 

373 ; * consolida major y^ III. 316. 

brusen, v., O.E. brysan (b. d. d. 49), O.Fr. 
bruisier, brisier ; bruise, break ; bruse WiCL. 
DEUT. ix. 3 ; brisen HOM. II. 61 ; Hav. 1835 ; 
brisin ^quasso' PR. P. 52; brese Pall. i. 913 ; 
brusede (pret.) Jos. 501 ; brusden L. H. R. 
40; brisid (pple.) WiCL. Lk. xx. 18 ; bresid 
Flor. 103; Triam. 237; comp. £6r-, to- 
brusen* 

brusily Sidj.y fragile; brisill, ^fragilis^ CATH. 

44 ; H. s. 8571 ; bresil Hamp. ps. ii. 11. 
bruBty sb., O.E. byrst (loss)y=^M.L.G. burst, 

borst (wanty defect)y O.H.G. brust (breaking) ; 
from bresten ; damage, defect, injury ; burst 

Laj. 1610; SPEC. 24 ; brist E. T. 833 ; PR. c. 

6205 ; brist, birst C M. 6344 ; borates (pi.) 

LA5. 2461. 
briiste, sb., O.E. byrst, ■= O.N. burst, bust, 

O.H.G. purst ; bristle : pt brust(e) of a swin 

Ell. ROM. II. 322. 
bnisteiiyV., cf. Ger. bursten, Dan.hbrste; beat: 

ofte hi him bete and burste (r. w. nuste) Al. 

(T.) 331 ; bfirsted, ibirsted (pple.) La^. 18950; 

tdu were betin and brist Map 336; see 
usten. 

briisten, v., aA^.byrsta (pple.hyrstr); f clothe 
with bristles; briiat ase a bore P. S. 151 ; 
ibrusted (sec. text ibrustled) mid golde LA3. 
3639. 

bruBtle9sb.,=:il/.Z>i/.borstel; bristle; brustel 
K. T. 777; brustile, bristile, burstil ^ seta^ 
PR. P. 52; bristile Townl. 100; brustelis 
(pi.) Alis. 6621 ; brustles, bristles, berstles 
Ch. C. t. .^4556; bristles Trev. II. 217; 
brostles Bev. 748. 

briistlieiiy v., bristle ; bristled (pple^ Alis. 
5722; })e bristlede boor CH. Boet. iv. 7 



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9« 



brustlien. 



b^en. 



(148) ; ibibrstled (ibrustled) mid stele La^. 

16095. 
bmstliexiy v., clatter^ clash : and bra8tle}> 

(pres,) as a monkes froise Gow. II. 93 ; 

brustleden sceldes La^. 20143. 
bliiBurey sb., 0,Fr, brisure; bruise^ breach^ 

Will. 2461 ; Wicl. lev. xxiv. 20 ; brissure 

^qvassatio * PR. P. 52 ; brosure WiCL. 2 Es. 

VI. I. 

Briit, pr. n., O.E, Bryt ; Briton^ Laj. 6401 ; 

Brutten( dat.fl) 7360. 
Brut-lond, pr. n., Britain^ La^. 2194. 
Brut-l§oden» pr. n. (//.) British nation^ 

La). 14626. 
Briitaine, Britainey pr. n., Fr, Bretagne; 

Britain^ Laj. 1395. 
brtitel, adj.,^^w 0,E, breotan= 0,N, briota ; 

britiley Trev. IV. 91 ; brutel, britel Gow. I. 

33 (Halliw. 215); brutel, britel, brotel 

Langl. ^viii. 42; brutel, brotel Ch. C. t. 

£ 1279; britil, brotil WiCL. 2 COR. iv. 7; 

brotel Shor. 5 ; ayenb. 129. 
brotel-h§de, sh,^ frailty ^ ayenb. 130. 
brutelneese, sb., brittUness^ Trev. II. 219 ; 

Ch. C. t. E 1279. 
Briitene, pr. n., 0,E. Bryten, Breoten; 

Britain \ Brutenne, Bruttene Laj. 2509, 

7130; on Breotene frag. 5. 
Briitinery sb., inhabitant of Brittany ^ Langl. 

A vii. 142 ; britoner B vi. 178 ; britonere 

B\\, 156. 
BriitisOy adj., 0,E. Brytisc; British^ La^. 

6318. 
briitlen, v.,=brutiien9 cf Sc, brittle; hew 

in pieces : seint Thomas wes biscop, and 

barunes him qvolde; beo brutlede (firet^ 

him Misc 92. 
brutnen, v., cf Swed. brytning (fracture) ; 

f for briitten ; break up, divide j hew in pieces ; 

bruttene Will. 1133; brittene Hav. 2700; 

D. Arth. 963 ; bratned (pret,) Will. 1073 ; 

bretinid Halliw. 210 ; britned (pple.) Orm. 

14178 ; britned, brittened Gaw. 2, 680 ; comp, 

for-, to*bratnen. 
briitteiiy v., O.E, (for-, to)bryttan, brittan, 

0,N, brytja ; break in pieces : J>e dede bodi 

tei britten Man. (H.) 244 ; (omp. £6r-, to- 
rutten. 
Briitun, pr. n., Fr. Breton ; a Briton ; brutQiiB 
(pi.) Laj. 1958. 

[brii)>en9 sb., 0,E. bryten, from br6owen ; 
cu:t of brewing^ 

bru]>en-led, sb., brewing-lecuiy R. S. v (misc. 
182). 
bruwe, sb., fO.E. brii, bruw {pL brua,bruwa), 
VOC. 42, 64, 282 ; brow ; bro(u)e * supercilium * 
VOC. 179, 183 I PR. P. 53 ; B- I>ISC. 883 ; 
brawen (pi,) Laj. 22283 ; bruwes hom. II. 
213; bro(u)wen spec. 39; brouwes K. T. 
417; MISC. 225; (ms. browes) S?£C. 34; 



Tor. 1454; brues, broues c M. 8079; broues 
REL. I. 54 ; bro(u)wen (dat.pL) Brd. 19. 

buc, sb., OJE, huc,^ OX,G. buc, O.N. bukr, 
OJf.G. buh, puch; belly, paunch, body, 
frag. 6; Jul. 71 ; o. & n. 1132; a bouk of 
a motoun Man. (H.) 174; blikes (gen) 
REL. I. 218 ; btkke (dat.) HOM. I. 25 ; A. R«, 
134 ; bouke Ch. C. t. A 2746 ; boukes (pi) 
Aus. 3946; btiken (dot. pi.) Laj. 17319. 

buoohed (Pbiioohed), adj., ?=bioohed ; arh 
ich was . . . and neh dun fallen, and mine fan 
derve swa bucched and swa kene hom. 1. 277^ 

buoke, sb., O.E. bucc, bucca, cf O.N. bukkr, 
0,H.G. poch, boch ; buck, he-gocU, A. R. 100; 
bucke, bukke Ch. C. t. B 1946; bukke Trev. 
I. 339; Man. (F.) 15749; bucc Orm. 1140; 
buokes (gen) buckes [bukkes) hom Ch. C. T. 
-^3387; buckes (pL) hom. II. 37; bukkes 
Orm. 1330; comp. goot-, rft-bukke. 

Ba(o)kingliam, pr. n., O.E. Buccinga ham ; 
Buckingham, MISC. 146. 

budde, sb., bud, ^gemma^ PR. p. 54 ; Pall. 
iii. 1 144; buddis \pl.) LiDG. M. P. 217. 

buddun, v., bud, ^gemmo* PR. p. 54. 

bude, sb., weevil, ^polumita^ voc 255 ; boude 
^gurgulio ' PR. p. 46 ; comp, Boham-bude. 

biidel, sb., O.E. by de\,^0.//.G. huiW; from 
bdoden; beadle, HOM. I. 117; Kath. 1928; 
o. & N. 1 169 ; spec. 22 ; bidel Orm. 97 ; 
budul Langl. A ii. 77 ; bedel Langl. B iL 
109 ; Lk. xii. 58 ; WiCL. GEN. xii. 43 ; budelea 
(gen.) HOM. L 99; budelea (pi.) Jul. 17; 
p. s. 151 ; bedeles hom. I. 237 ; ayenb. 37. 

buen, see bdon. 

baen, v., OJV. bua (pple. buinn), O.L.G. buan, 
O.H.G. puan, buan, buwan, Goth, bauan; 
bCUi (pple,), cfprov.Eng, boun ; ready, pre- 
pared, Orm. 523 ; a M. 14992 ; boun spec 
100; Will. 1138; Jos. 461; Man. (F.) 
4766 ; Tor. 2044 ; Egl. 583 ; sche was boun 
to goon Ch. C. t. -F1503; see biuken; 
comp, ^e-btien ; deriv, btir, bi, biggen. 

buerexiy see b6ren. bufen, see biuven. 

bufHEurd, sb., t fool, Lidg. m. p. 32. 

boffe, sb., blow, buffet, av. Arth. iv. 

boffen, v., cf, L,Ger. buffen, Du. boflfen; 
stutter \ boffing (pple) RoB. 414 ; see puffen. 
buffers, sb., stutterer-, of buftoes (pi) 
^ bcdborum* V^lCL. Is. xxxil 4. 

buffet, sb., 0,Fr. buffet, mod,Eng. buffet; 
blow with the hand; a sort of stool, a. r. 
182 ; Will. 4700 ; pr. c. 5203 ; buffat, boffat 
Wicl. John xviii. 22 ; buffet, boffet * alapa, 
tripes* PR. P. 41, 54, 55 ; buffetes boffetes 
(pi) C. L. 1 148. 

buffetin, v., O.Fr. buffeter; buffet, ^ alapoi 
PR. p. 54 ; buffetede, buffeted (pret) Langl. 
^vi. 178 ; buffeteden A. R. 106. 
buffetunge, sb., buffeting, hom. I. 207. 

bu^en, v.; 0£. bugan,— Af j9i#. buighen^ Gotk. 



Digitized by 



Google 



bujen. 



bule. 



97 



biugan, O.H.G, piugan, 0»N, biuga, Lat 
fugere, Gr. f^vyeiv, mod.Eng, bow ; bendy 
turuy turn aside, bow ; to godes bord bugen 
{go) HOM. II. 92 ; bujen [boujen] ut of telde 
LaJ. 5386; J)e him buwen [bouwe] wolden 
3709 ; bujhen Orm. 6627 ; jef )>u nult to ure 
wil buhen {submit) & beien Jul. 27 ; buwen 
A. R. 22 ; bouje ayenb. 8 ; he sal boughe 
him [* inclinabit se*\ PS. ix. 31 ; to bowe into 
j>e_bent Degr. 55 ; btlwe (pres,) HOM. 1. 191 ; 
bfihS \p,E. byh^] A. R. 266 ; buh)) MISC. 96 ; 
bouwef c. L. 130$ ; bouwes tos. 571 ; Will. 
948 ; heo buhe6 to him Kath. 365 ; btih 
(imper.) Marh. 20; buh from uvele ['de- 
clina a malo^\ HOM. I. 117; bouj AYENB. 
194 ; boweth Langl. B v. 575 ; bdhe 
{subj^) Kath. 1484; bOinde (pple) A. R. 
18 ; bSaj (pret,) ayenb. 239 ; beah Jul. 77 ; 
beh, baeh Laj. 4745, 15740; ^a beh \bent) ha 

Sswire Marh. 22 ; and beh him to me over 
id spec 54 ; ich beih to j>e deoAe A. R. 
304 ; beij, beih c. L. 358 ; beij Al. (T.) 433 ; 
bei rel. II. 276; bash Orm. 8961 ; bu^en 
(pret,pL) Laj. 24683 ; bujen to fulehte HOM* 
1. 91 ; bojen ayenb. 84 ; Gaw. 2077 ; buhe 
(subj.) Kath. 2400* ; comp, a-, an-, bi*, for-, 
^e-bu^en; deriv, beaj, be^ex^ bi^ela, bi^t, 
b<Qe, bojt. 

boi^ge, sb., bending, ayenb. 153. 
bii^eii, see be^en. 

bugge, sb., f Welsh bwg ; bugbear, spectre, PR. 
P. 55. 

biiggen, v., 0,E. bycgan, bicgan,=(9X.CP. 
buggean, Goth, bugjan; buy, hom. I. 163; 
Kath. 1633; a. r. 208; o. & n. 1368; an. 
UT. 9; bugge C. L. 1112; beggen Lk. ix. 
13; Angl. I. 10; biggen Orm. 15793; 
buggen [bigge, beggin] Langl. A iv. 76 ; 
bigge Alis. 5494 ; P. 41 ; E. G. 353 ; bigge, 
be^e Trev. II. 19; bigge, bie WiCL. GEN. 
xli. 41, 57 ; begge ayenb. 23 ; bigen gen. 
& EX. 2166 ; buie P. L. s. xxv. 49 ; bien, bie 

F\. cxxix. 8; bien, beie Ch. C. T. C1246, 
845; bie HocCL. iii. 31 ; beie Hay. 53; 
OCTOV. (W.) 388; bihtS ipres.) hom. II. 157 ; 
bu^ a. r. 148 ; buj> hom. I. 185 ; misc. 63 ; 
buij) H. H. 85 ; bei^ Angl. I. 15 ; bai^ 
ayenb. 23; (})e) buggej> hom. I. 185 ; be^e 
John xiii. 29; (heo) bugged A. R. 190; big- 
gej) PL. CR. 360 ; biije {imper,) Laj. 30810 ; 
bugge [bigge] (subj,) La5. 3556; bohte 
(pret,) Laj. 4799; (ms, bohhte) Orm. 711 ; 
bojte ayenb. 133; bou^te WiCL. gen. xxv. 
10; bohtest SPEC 58; bouhten A. R. 362; P. s. 
339 ; boht (pple.) H. H. 97 ; boght Octav. 
(H.) 589 ; comp. a-, for-, ^e-buggen. 

buggere, sb., buyer ; biggere, beggere hom. 
II. 213; biggere E. G. 355 ; biiggares {pL) 
LEB. JES. 856 ; biggeres Mand. 86 ; comp. 
land-buggere. 

buggonge, sb., O.E, bycgung ; buying, a. r. 
362; buggingc \v, n bigginge] Langl. B 



H 



xix. 230; begginge ayenb. 38; biing {re- 
demption) PS. cxxix. 7. 

bugily sb., O.Fr, bugle; the plant called 
bugle, LiDG. M. P. 199; bugle voc. (W. W.) 
554. 

biigle, sb., OJ^r, bugle, Z«/. buculus, prov, 
Eng, bugle ; young bull; buffalo; * bubalus ' 
PR. P. 55 ; WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 5 ; bugelle 
{bugle-horn) ToR. 142; btigles {pi.) Alis. 
5 1 12; Mand. 269. 

bagle-hom, sb., Alis. 5282 ; Ch. C. t. F 
1253. 

buh-Bum, adj., f O.E. buhsum,=ZW. buig- 
zaam, Ger. biegsam, mod.En^. buxom ; Jront 
stem ^bti^en ; flexible, obedient, hom. I. 57 ; 
Kath. 1805; a. r. 356; Orm. 6176; Misa 
139; buxum GEN. & EX. 980; buxom Will. 
3085 ; buxome Langl. B i. 1 10 ; Flor. 1725 ; 
M. h. 62 ; comp. un'->bCLh8um. 
buliBum-^liohe, adv., obediently, HOM. I. 
215 ; buxomelich Langl. ^xii. 114 ; buxomli 
Mand. 82 ; buxumli Hoccl. vi. 52. 
btxhsumnesse, sb., hom. I. 73 ; h. m. 41 ; 
buxumnesse ^obediential PR. p. 57. 

biiilden^ see bulden. buile, see bule, 

buine^ sb., f purchase, buying \ J>auh clen- 
nesse ne beo nout buine [bune] \^noh 
ematur*] A. R. 368; wi^uten bune {v. r. 
buggunge) 362*; wijiuten bune hom. U 
185. 

buiety see boiste. buistous, s^e boistous. 

bukety see boket. bul, seehoh 

bul, biile^ sb., O.Fr. boul ; ? falsehood, c M, 

21270. 

bulohy see bulki&. 
bulohin, sb., diminut, ^bule; young buU, 

Man. (H.) 174. 
bfild, sb., house ; bild Halliw. 175 ; PL. CR. 

157; 1l»ilde {dat.) A. P. i. 962; biildes {pi.) 

\atdificia' Trev. II. 71. 
biilden, v., O.E. byldan; build, Laj. 2656; 

Kath. 1657 ; builden Langl. B xii. 228 ; 

bilden [bulden, builden] Ch. C. t. D 1977 ; 

bulde Fer. 2377 ; bilde lud. Cov. 20 ; belden 

PL. CR. 706; belde Trist. 2810; Man. (H.) 

135 ; to belde {live) and to bide in blisse D. 

Arth. 8; biilde {pret:) Laj. 29218; Rob. 

21 ; Trev. II. 75 ; bUded {pple) Mand. 

58 ; ibiild Fl. & Bl, 643 ; J)i bur is sone 

ibuld r. s. V. 
buildlnge, sb., building, Trev. I. 19; a 

buildinge heo was LEB. jES. 871 ; bildinge, 

beldinge * aedifcatio ' PR. p. 30 ; beldinge PL. 

CR. 501 ; belding Gener. 244. 
bulder-ston, sb., = Swed. bullersten ; boulder* 

stone, Hay. 1790. 
bule, sh.,=' MX.G. buUe, M.Du. bulle, bolle, 

O.N. boli; bull, Orm. 990; bulle Uaurus* 

VOC. 187; bole Taurus* voc. 177; PR. P. 

43; Hay. 2438; Trev. VII. 445; Man. 

Digitized by VriOOQlC 



98 



bule. 



burble. 



(F,) 47S; "Eml© (gen.) : anes bule hudc LA5. 

14187 J bule ipi.) Kath. 61 ; bules, boles 

PS* xlk. 13 ; boles Langl. ^xi. 333 ; Ch. C. 

T. -,4 2139 ; buUea WJCL.GEN. xxxii. 15 ; boolis 

Heb. ii. 13, 
bole-hude, ^h.^huU-hide^ Laj. 14187*; Brd. 

5; bolehide ROB, 116, 
bule, sb., O.E. by I, = O^Fris. bel, M,L,G, 

bule, M,Du. buile* M,H,G. biule, prov,Eng, 

bile J hoii\ bile 'gibbus' VOC. 207; 'ulcus* 

267 ; 'pHsWhi * PR. P. 36 ; beel WiCL. LEV. 

xiii. 18* ; bula (pL) LEECHD. III. 84; bules 

[v, r, biles, beltJi^ boilus] LanGL. Cxxiii. 84; 

biles * uiara^ WiCL. kxod. be. 9; beles AYENB. 

224. 
bulge, sb., O^Fr. boulge, bouge, cf, mod,Eng. 

bul^^e, bilge; ifdg; swelling; bubble^ Iw. 

263 ; bouge * hu!ga ' PR. P. 46 ; bouge * uter^ 

WiCL, PS. Ixxvii. 13 ; ^ gibbus^ LEV. xxi. 20* ; 

boge Man- (F.) 11197; bulges (//.) Trev. 

VI L 385 \ amtp. water-bulge, 
bulgit, adj., f bulged \ they com . . . with 

bolgit schipis hel. 11. 24. 

biili. see beli. 

bulke, sb., 0,A^, bulki, cf, mod.Eng. bulk; 

kcap^ hump \ bolke * cumulus ' PR. P. 43 ; 

bowk GRAIL xxviii. 189 ; buloheB (pi.) humps 

Map 338. 
bulk en, w^ strike^ beat ; on her brestes gon 

ihei bulk [pres,] C. al. 185 II. 
bulle, sb., Lai. bulla; bull (episcopal or papal\ 

Roa 473 ; AVENB, 62 \ Langl. a prol. 66. 
bulloke, sb.^ O^E. bulluc; bullock^ 'buculus, 

VOC* J 77; bulluc A. s. 4; buUok PR. p. 

bulten, v.j^Swcd. bulta (.?=pulten); knocks 

A. R. 366* ; boltid [preL) Wint. ix. viii. 

162 ; bult D. Troy 7476. 
bulten, v.. O.Fr. bulcter, Jtal. burattare ; bolt 

(sijl) meai\ bulte PR, P. 55 ; Ch. C. T. -5 4430; 

bulted ippic:) braed Orm. 992 ; bulled flour 

LiDG, M, p. 98. 

buItlBge, sb.j b&Uing^ sifting^ PR. P. 55. 
bumbin, bummXn, v., = Ger, bummen, 

Du. bommen ; hum^ make a booming sounds 

* bombi^o^ bombilo^ PR. P. 55 ; buxnbith 
(pres.) : as a bitor bumbith (v, r. bumbli))) 
Ch, C, T. /?972; bomme)> (drinks) Langl. 
j^vii. 139; bummede (prel.) Langl. .^ v. 
137 ; bummed B v. 223. 

bumblen^ v.^^Sic'ed. bumbla, bumla (Rietz 
65) ■ bumble : as a bi tor biunbli|> [bumlej>, 
bombJcth] {pres.) in J?e mire Ch. C. T. Z>972 
(Wn 6554)' 

bmne, see b&me, 

buncbe, sb., humpx bunches (pL) Map 344. 

bunchon, v., = Du. bonken ; beat, strike, 

* iundo^' PR. P. 55 ; }>ei bonehen (pres.) )>eire 
brestis HaluW* 194; bonohede (pret.) 



Langl. A prol. 71 ; boncbed [v. r. bunchede] 
B PROL. 74. 

bundely sb., cf. M,Du. bundel ; from binden ; 
bundley 'fasciculus,' PR. P. 55 ; WiCL. s. SoL. 
i. 12 ; JER. ii. 32 ; bundels (pL) MISC. 212. 

biine, sb., 0,E. bune; hollow stem; red(e) 
bunne * calamus' PR. P. 55 ; he nim)> verst 
his pricke and his bonne (t printed boune) 
AYENB. 150; voiding of bunls (f barrels) (pi) 
Halliw. 219 ; a deed sparcle of bonis (ether 
of herdis of flex) ['favilla stuppae*} WiCL. 
Is. i. 31. 

bime, see buine. 

[buneiiy v., comp, to-bunen.] 

biinge, sb., bung, * lura,' PR. P. 55. 

bumie, sb., bun, 'placenta,* PR. P. 55 ; B. B. 
130 ; bonn(e)s (pi.) N. P. 10. 

bunne, see bune a;i^boiuide. 

bunsen, v., cf L.Ger, bunsen, Du, bonzen, 
mod.Eng. bounce; knock, beat, A. R. 188; 
tundere ]>at is bete and bounse Trev. I. 281. 

bunty sb., bunt ; the bunt of the saile Halliw. 
219. 

bunten, v., ?= bulten; fsift, bolt; bonte)> 
(pres.) ))et mele ayenb. 93. 

bunting, sb., bunting (a bird), 'pratellus^ PR. 
p. 56 ; bounting SPEC. 40. 

biir, sb., O.N. byrr (gen. byrjar), m.; impetus, 
strong wind, speed, Gaw. 290 ; A. p. iii. 148 ; 
bir M. ^.page xvii : to him he stirt wi)> bir ful 
grim Iw. 1661 ; bire (dot.) Alex. 711 ; here 
Flor. 659; wi}> bure ^cum impetu* WiCL. 
Judith xiv. 2. 

bur, sb., O.E., O.N. bur «.= O.H.G. pur, bur, 
m.j' from buen ; bower (lady's room), A. R. 
34 ; Mark. 21 ; r. s. v (misc. 178) ; ))e bur 
o. & N. 958 ; aenne bur La^. 29218 ; hour 
Hav. 2072 ; H. H. 32 ; bor A. p. i. 963 ; bOres 
(gen^ O. & N. 652; bures [boures] Laj. 
.<4io62; boures Ch. C. t. .<4 3367 ; bftre 
(dot.) Orm. 3323 ; Horn (L.) 286 ; boure 
AYENB. 226; Will. 1760; Gaw. 853; In 
boure ant in halle P. s. 193 ; boure (//.) 
Fl. & Bl. (H.) 66o*; bures Laj. 5982; 
bouren (dat. pi.) LA3. 2025. 
bur-onlht, sb., bower-servant, La^. 18960. 
bfir-maiden, sb., bower-maiden, PR. P. 56 ; 
bourmaiden REL. IL 175. 
bur-tSein,sb., O.-fi". bur))egn ; bower-servant, 
chamberlain; bui^eine Laj. 15357; burh- 
]>eines (pi.) 13716. 

btu>-wardy sb., guardian of the chamber^ 
Laj. 1 91 76. 
bour-woman, sb., maid, WiCL. s. w. IL 9. 

bur, sb., O.E, (ge)bur, = O.H.G. bur, mod. 
Eng.hooT ; husbandman ; Pbeuir REL. 1. 187 ; 
? bouer LiDG. M. p. 192 ; comp, ^e-bur. 

burble, burbulle, sb., bubble, 'bulla/ PR, p. 
56 5 burbels (pi.) s. a. l. 168. 



Digitized by 



Google 



burblon. 

bnrblon, btLrbelin, v., cf. Span, borbollar; 

hubbU^ PR. p. 56 ; burbelit {pret,) D. Troy 

3697. 

buroh, see bur^. burd» see bord. 
bfirde, sb. {f O.E, byrdu,^»i. ^/ byrde, * <2/" 

high rank ') ; lady, maiden^ Laj. 19271 ; Marh. 

17; Will. 683; Gaw. 752; buirde c. l. 

863 ; P. L. s. XXX. 41 ; K. T. 374 ; buirde 

Langl. a iii. 14 ; berde Civ. 15 ; birde Perc. 

1289; berde Degr. 759; beerde H. v. 13; 

burde {gen,pL) Marh. 21. 
[burde, adj. ; comp, |?61e-burde.] 
biirde, see biirt^e. 
burdon, sb., Lot, burdo ; mule ; burdones 

(pL) (earlier ver, burdovms) WiCL. 4 KINGS 

V. 17. 
burdon^ sb., 0,Fr, bourdon ; book stud, PR. 

P. 56. 
burdon', sh,, pilgHm's staff; staff; burdon 

Horn (L.) 1061 ; bordon Bev. 2063 ; bordon 

[burdoun, bordon] Langl. -4 vi. 8 ; P. s. 150 ; 

\ms, burdowne) Wint. vill. xxviii. 56. 
burdon % sb., 0,Fr. bourdon, bordon, mod, 

Eng. burden {o/a song) ; bourdon^undersong ; 

burdoun [bordoun] Ch. C. t. A 673. 
bnreh, see bur;, 
burel, sb., OJ^r.burel; a coarse woollen stuff, 

P. s. 221 ; borel clerke (lay-clerk) Gow. I. 5 ; 

borel man (plain man) Ch. C. t. (W.) i 1028 ; 

borel men (laymen) 13691 ; )>anne shal boreJ 

[burel] clerkes ben abasched Langl. Bx. 286. 
bur;, bureh, sb., 0,E, burg, burh, buruh, 

^O.L.G, burg, O.H,G, burg, purg, 0,N, borg, 

Goth, baurgs f. (irdX«), mod,Eng, borough ; 

fort, castle, borough; burrow ; o. & N. 766 ; 

bur;, boru; L. H. R. 54; bui3, bor; Gaw. 

2, 259 ; burg GEN. & EX. 1 837 ; burh Kath. 46 ; 

ORM.7262; ane he;e burh [bor;] La;. 218; 

feburh [borh] 6050 ; ))er he (the boar) burh 
'^ ichosen 12312; burch Sax. chr. 
249; HOM. L 225 ; burgh Alis. 2056 ; ISUM. 
547; buruh ^urbs^ FRAG. 4; HOM. L 93; 
buruh wi^uten wal A. R. 74; of f^ere buruh 
54; bor;, boru ROB. 47, 72 ; bourgh Gow: L 
30; Lincolne J>e gode bom Hav. 773 (spelt 
borw 847); burw; PL. CR. 118; burwhe 
PR. P. 56; buri HOM. L 253; buregb, 
\0,E, byrig] (dot:) HOM. IL 31, 33; bure; 
Fl. & Bl. 213 ; buri frag. 4 ; beri (ms, bery) 
Mat. xxiii. 34; bin GEN. & ex. 2257; 
birie HOM. L 225 ; burje, burhe, burie 
[borwe, borewe] La;. 293, 2168, 3553, 4264, 
9888; burie REL. L 182; bureh, bure we 
misc. 39, 55; borghe Langl. Bm. 308; 
borwe Will. 1889 ; burh, \p,E, byrig] (pL) 
HOM. 1. 13 ; burh, buri;e, burh;es [borewes] 
La;. 2657, 9928, 15364; bur;hes Orm. 6982 ; 
burghes Ch. C. t. D 870 ; bourghes Lidg. 
M. p. 210 ; burgan, burgen (dot. pi) Mat. 
xi. I, xiv. 13 ; bur;en [borewe] La;, 6165 ; 
comp, hdfiBd-, kine-, moder-burh. 
buri-boldy sh., palace^ Kath. 440. 

t H 



bur36n. 



99 



buroh-briohe, sb., O.E. burg-, burh-, buruh- 
bryce, -brice ; * quite deforfesture^ rel. L 33 ; 
burghbreche Trev. IL 95. 

burh-onave, sb., town lad\ burhonaven 
[borhcnaves] (//.) La;. 15555. 

btirh-folo, sb., borough folk, La;. 9758 ; 
HOM. IL 89. 

biirh-;at, sb., 0»E. burhgeat ; castle gate, 
La;. 17670; Kath. 1679. 

burh-mon, sb., 0,E. burhman ; townsman. 
La;. 1 2441 ; buruhmon a. r. 350. 

borgh-mot, sb., meeting of burgesses, E. G. 
350- 

burh-rSve, sb., 0,E. burhgerefa; town 
reeve, Kath. 1927, 

bur;-toun, sb., 0,E. burhtun; fortified 
town, Wicl. Josh. vii. 2 ; borwton [borwtoun, 
burghtoun, bor;town] Langl. civ. 112; 
bur;hes tun Orm. 6538. 

burh-wal, sb., 0,E, burhweall ; town wall, 
La;. 22091. 

burh-wAre,sb. (collective), O.-^.burgwaru/y 

town dwellers, * avitas,* Mat. xxi. 10 ; burh- 

weren [borhmen] Laj. 28368; burjeweren 

28392. 
burgage, sb., O.Fr. burgage, bourgage (h/ri- 

tage roturier dans un bourg) ; burgage ; 

borgftges (pL) Langl. A iii. ^^. 
burgeis, sb., a/V. burgeis ; burgess, Fl. & 

Bl. 115; Will. 1889; bourgeis Rob. 479; 

boi]g:eis AYENB. 162 ; burgeis (//.) Langl. 

A iii. 150; burjas (ms. buriase) MiN. v. 

15.; burges [burgeises] (magistrates) a M. 

16060. 

biirjels, sb., 0,E. byrgels,=aZ.6^. burgisli; 
tomb, sepulchre', buriels C. L. 1284; Trev. 
V. 153; an buriels al niwe imad Rob. 
204; buriles ^ sepulcrum* FRAG. 4; buryles 
Misa 53 ; buriel6s Langl. B xix. 142 [buriels, 
Cxxii. 146]; biriels Man. (F.) 9026; beriels 
^ se fulcrum* voc. 178 ; berieles ayenb. 228 ; 
bingeles gen. & ex. 2474 ; biriel, beriel 
^ sepulcrum, tumulus' PR. p. 37 ; beriel S. s. 
(Wr.) 2561, 

burden, sb., O.E, byrgen, byrigen; tomb\ 
benen HOM. 1. 241 ; beregen John xix. 41 ; 
biiriene (/^.)vHOM. 1. iii ; beriene, here- 
gene (dot, pi) Mat. viii. 28, xxiii. 27 ; beri- 
enne, berigenne John xi. 38, xx. i. 

biir;en *, v., 0,E» byrgan, byrigan ; bury ; 
burien (? bur;en) La;. 27872 ; berien, berigen 
Lk. ix. 59, 60 ; bir;en (ms, birr;enn) Orm. 
15254 ; birien GEN.& ex. 2424 ; biriin, beriin 
' sepelio * PR. P. 36 ; burie [buri;e, bene] ROB. 
252 ; birie P.S. 197; WiCL. John xix. 40; berie 
Ch. C. t. C884; Egl. 488 ; to biirlene ( r^r- 
und) HOM. 1.37 ; biirie (imper.) Alis. 4628 ; 
birie S. S. (Wr.) 1257 ; biiriede (pret.) HOM. 
I. 93; Horn (R.) 906; Rob. 50; burede 
Bek. 2219; bureden La;. 19822; buried 

^ Digitized by Google 



lOO 



btlrjen. 



{ppk,) Lakdt.. 5xi. 66; beried Mand. 15; 
cmftp. bi-, ^e-biirjen. 
buriar, sk, one who buries \ biriem {pL) 
WiCL. Kz. xxxix. 15. 

biii^yinge, biirijing, sb., burying, P. L. S. 
XXV, 80. 

biii3en\ v., ?= O./'m.burgia, J/./f.(7.burgen; 
pnyUci : to burden him seolven Laj. 21268; 
burege HOM, II. 191; burhen JUL. 26; to 
burcwen hani wij) ))e FRAG. 7 ; bum wen from 
l^s deoflea botte A. R. 366 ; burwe Hav. 2870 ; 
bureiG {pres, subj^ HOM. I. 25 ; comf, 
^d-biir^en. 

burgesiOj sb,» 0,Fr, borgesie; citizenship \ 
borgosic AVENB, 161. 

Ijurgoize, sb., O.Fr. borgeise ; wife of a bur- 
gess^ KN, T, 12. 

burh, sc€ buT^. buri, see burj. 

biirien, see burden. 

biirien, v., lkE, (ge-)byrian, 0,N, byrja,= 
O.X,t;.(gi-jbLnan,d.//.6. (gi-)burren ; bedue^ 
bise€m\ bur}^ \pres) an. lit. 4; juw birb 
und<;r&ianden Orm. 89 ; bers M. «. 10 ; (hi) 
buriab frag, i ; burde (pret). Gaw. 2278 ; 
A- P. I. 316 \ burd Man. (H.) 76 ; als it birde 
Orm, 2472 ; fifit birde wel to him ben grim 
Hay. 2761 ; him bird M. H. 17 ; comp. ^e- 
biirien. 

fbiiri^en, v., OM. byrigan, byrgean, byrgan, 
— ON, berj^'ja, iasie ; comp. a-buri^en.] 

biirineBse, sb., 0,E. (be-)byrigniss ; act of 
burying, HOM, I. 35 ; burinaesse [burinisse] 
La^. 25852 ; berines D. Troy 4336. 

burjouneii, v*, 0,Fr. burjoner (bourgeonner) ; 

bourgeon^ bmiy WiCL. LEV. xix. 23 ; buijoiie]>, 

[burgeouncth] f/r^j.) Langl.-5xv. 73 ; bur- 

gounende { pph,) WiCL. wiSD. xix. 7. 

buijoningiH, sb., pi., buds, Hamp. PS. 513. 

biujoun, sb.» 0,Fr. burjon (bourgeon) ; bud^ 
{ms. burioun ) c, M. 10735 ; WiCL. S. W. III. 30. 

burle^ sb,, 0,Fr. bourel ; Jiock of woo/, *io- 
menium^' ¥\u P. 56. 

biirlen, v., bitrit burle, * extuberarej cath. 48. 

burlen% v,,=L,Ger. burreln ; welter \ bur- 
land ippl^') E. T. 99; Betres lai burling in 
bur blode Flor. 1639 ; see burblen. 

burlich, adj. I mod.Eng. burly, cf 0,H.G. 
burl Teh ; tali, stately ; burli Perc. 269 ; burli, 
borli c. M. ^541 ; borlic rel. I. 222 ; borlich 
Angl. 111. 280; DEGR.759; fi burliche bodi 
ant. Arth. xvi ; burliohe (pL) knightes D. 
Arth. 5^6. 

blirn^ j£-£" beorn. 

burre, sb., O.E. buma m, bume/. (rivus), 
cf O.Fris. buma, Goth, brunna (wi;y^), O.L,G. 
brunno, OM,G, prunno, brunno, 0.N, brunnr, 
m* {foHs\i prov.Eng, bum ; brook, streamlet, 
o* Sc N, 918 ■ REL. I. I ; bume, bome Man. 
(F.) S164 ; c. M. 8964; borne Gaw. 731 ; 
bourne igen.j Langl. A prol. 8; bornes 
B PKQL* b I boumea (pi.) Flor. 609. 



burVene. 

biime, sb., for bCUrtJene ; load, bundle. Barb. 

leg. II. 82 ; Chest. 1. 65. 
biime^ see brunie. 
biimen, v., O.Fr. bumir ; burnish ; bomlfh 

(pres,) Ch. Tro. i. 327 ; burned (pple,) 

Cow. II. 231 ; Ch. C. t. A 1983. 
bumeshy v,,prov, Eng.h2Lmish;^ow plump, 

Gener. 780 ; baraish Barth. (in N. E. D.). 
burnet, adj. & sb., Fr. brunet ; brown, brown 

cloth, PR. P. 56; HOM. II. 163; REL. II. Io8, 

19 ; bumettes {pi.) R. R. 226. 
bumissen, v., O./^r. bumir, bumiss-; burnish', 

bumist Cpple^ Barb. viii. 225 ; A. P. ii. 1085; 

Gaw. 212 ; bomist A. P. ii. 554 ; bumeisshed 

p. R. L. P. 102 ; bright bomished gold GuiL.' 

V. 5 ; bomiste A. P. i. 220. 
bomiahour, sb., burnisher, voc. (W. W.) 

604. 
burre, sb., = Swed. burre, borre m., J9a«.borre ; 

bur, * lappa; PR. P. 56 ; Ar. & Mer. 8290. 
bursty bursten, see bruat, bruaten. 
[bursten ? v. ; comp, an-, ^e-buraten.] 
burton, v., fO,Fr. borter; butt (with the 

horns), strike, * arieto,* PR. P. 56 ; ^ mastes 

faste to gidere burte (pret.) Man. (F.) 4626. 

bur-tre (? bur-tre), sb., bur-tree, elder, ^sam- 
bucus^ voc. 228 ; cath. 49 ; Halliw. 221. 

biirSe, sb., O.K. (ge-)byrd,= a/>7>. berde, 
berthe, O.L,G. (ge-)burd, O.H.G, burt, Goth. 
(ga-)baur)>s/y from b^ren ; birth^ race, nation, 
nature, HOM. 1. 273 ; bur^, burde Kath. 84 ; 
burde, bur¥e A. R. 158; athalt hire bui^ 
(nature) H. M. 13 ; burde, burj>e HOM. II. 47 ; 
)« burbe (fruit) ^at J>ou beere L. H. R. 146 ; 
firme bir¥e GEN. & EX. 1484; Rachel non 
bii^nenam 1697; bir|)e Gow. II. 76; Ch. 
C. T. -5 192 ; WiCL. John ix. i ; J>at was of 
hire kin & al of hire birde Orm. 2052 ; birthea 
{^nationes^] PS. cv. 27. 
burt$e-y burde-bold, sb., ancestral mansion, 
Kath. 140. 

burtS-tid, sb., 0,E, gebyrdtld ; nativity, 
HOM. I. 277 ; (bu)rdtid FRAG. 5. 
bur)>-tiine, sb., time of birth, leg. 75 ; 
birdetime rel. I. 211. 

biirttel, adj., f fertile ; ilc bir^hel tre gen. & 
EX. 119. 
biirtSeiiy v., fbe bom ; bir¥en gen. & EX. 1471. 

biirt$ene» sb., O.E. byr55en,=6>.Z.(7. burthin- 
nia,^ 0./f.(7.purdIn, byxxd\xi,mod,Eng. burden ; 
from b6ren ; burden, load, birth, La^. 25970 ; 
one bur^ene A. R. 232 ; burfene C. L. 958 ; 
burjren SPEC. 110 ; Trev. 1. 73 ; bur})ene, ber- 
)>ene L. H. r. 56, 57 ; at on burdene (birth) 
gen. & ex. 1467 ; birj>ene Hav. 807 ; bir^n 
PS. xxxvii. 5 ; at oon birthen (birth) Trev. 
1. 205 ; birdene MISC 12; ber^ne Mat. xi. 30; 
berdene John xvi. 33 ; ber))ene WiCL. ECCLUS, 
xxxiii. 25 ; berdene Misa 34. 



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btkrWer. 



bflten. 



101 



borSery sb., O.E. hyr^r ; bearing {of children) : 

i |)e bur^me (f/ar bui^Sere or biu^ene) of 

beam H. M. 37. 
buru^y bumh, see bur;, 
burweiiy see burden, 
bus, v., 3 sing., see behdflan ; // behoves, c. 

If. 10639 ; bos 9870 ; boes [v, r, bihowes, 

bihove))] Ch. C. t. A 4027 ; bud (preL) MiN. 

ix. 28 ; bove (subj.) D. TROY 51 15. 
bosard, sb., O.Fr. busart ; buzxard, Alis. 

3049 ; bosard PR. P. 45 ; bosarde R. R. 4033 ; 

busherd voc. 220. 
bosoh, bxiBk, sb., = 0,H,G. busc, M.H,G, 

busch,bosch,bosche, J/'.Z>«.bosch, O.Fr,hosc, 

bosche, med.Lat, boscus; bush, Will. 819, 

3069 ; busk ^dumus* PR. P. 56 ; GEN. & EX. 

2779; Gaw. 182 ; bosche Shor. 131 ; busohe, 

buahe (dot.) Ch. C. t. -4 1517 ; busse ayenb. 

28; boBkea (//.) Rob. 547 ; buskes [busches] 

Langl. B xi. 336 ; bushes Mand. 115; buskes 

PERa 758. 
bosohaile, sb., O.Fr. boschaille; ambush; 

busshaileGENER.9189; buscaileD.ARTH.895 ; 

buskaile 1634 ; boschaile OCTOV. (W.) 1607. 
bosohely sb., 0,Fr. buissel, boissel; bushel, 

P. 30 ; buschel, bushel Ch. C. t. A 4093 ; bui- 

schel, boischel WiCL. Lk. xi. 33. 
busohen, v., place in ambush; lie in wait ; 

buske YoRKxiii. 8 ; buaaed (pple.) Man. (H.) 

187; busket (pret.) D. Troy 1168. 
buschen^ v., / make bushy ; ibusohed (pple.) 

wi)> )K>rnes Man. (F.) 9194. 

buBching, sb., training on bushes ; bosshing 

Pall. xi. 33. 
bUBehen ', v., ?= M,H,G. buschen, M,Du, bui- 

schen ; strike,beat; but with the head; rush; 

gushout] buschen on felde Will. 173 ; busche 

Trev. II. 191 ; buached (pret,) A. P. iii. 143 ; 

bosshet D. Troy 1112a 

bossbinge, sb., striking, DEP. R. i. 99. 
busobiy adj., bushy; busshi WiCL. Is. vii. 19. 
btisi,adj., 0,E. hysig,=Af.L,G.,M.Du,hts\ch; 

busy, anxious, careful, WiLL. 588 ; busi, bisi, 

bcsi CiL C. T. A 1491 ; bisi [busi] LA5. 2837 ; 

bisi A. R. 142 ; Marh. 16 ; c. l. 787 ; m. h. 

108; bisi, besi ^ assiduus, solicitus* PR. P. 

37; besi Cow. II. 42; Mand. 3 ; bieine 

(ace. m,) Laj. 10596 ; blsie (pi,) LA3. 19557 ; 

AYENB. 58; bisegure (compar.) A. R. 182; 

bisegttste (superL) LA5. 10476. 

biai-hede, sh,,^M,Du, besicbeit ; industry, 

AYENB. 55 ; bisihed Alis. 3. 

blsi-liohe [b&siliohe], sidv,,busily, LA5.4473; 

bisilicheA.R. 146; SHOR.55; besiliche Gow. 

11.43 ; busili Will. 650 ; bisiloker (compar,) 

Wicl,iPet. i.22; bisilukest {superl.)]VL.44. 

biti-8obii>e, sb., business, A. R. 384; besiship 

Gow. II. 39. 

biisie, sb., O.E, bysigu, bisigu, bysg^ ; labour, 
occupation ; besie D. Arth. 3630. 
Wti-vol, 2i6,),ifull of business^ ayenb. 226. 



biisien, v., 0,E, bysigan, bysgian, bisgian,= 
M,Du, beseghen ; Imsy, occupy; be busy ; 
bisien Ch. Boet. i. 2 (8) ; besien Gow. II. 43 ; 
bisiede {pret,) * satagebat* WiCL. Lk. x. 40 ; 
bisied Gaw. 89 ; bisied {pple,) PS. xxxix. 18. 
bislnesse, sb., business, ^ assiduitas, dili- 
gentia, solicitude^ PR. p. 37 ; Shor. 92 ; 
AYENB. 56; PL. CR. 727 ; besinesse ^diiigentia' 
Trey. I. 5 ; Gow. II. 60. 

busk, see busch. 

busken, v., 0,N. buask {get oneself ready), 
mod,Eng. busk ; prepare; adorn ; buske Will. 
2210 ; buske)> (pres,) P. L. S. xxx. 20 ; }»e king 
boskes lettres J OS. 414 ; hue boske)> huem 
wi)) botouns P. S. 239; buske {imper) ))e 
forb to fare £gl. 348 ; buske)> [buske] 30U 
to fat bote Langl. ^ ix. 133 ; busked {pret,) 
Gaw. 141 1 ; bai busked and maked hem boun 
Trist. 144 ; ft it was buskid {pple,) above wi)> 
besauntus Degr. 1427. 
busking, sb., fitting out, setting out ; c M. 
3245 ; bo^ng Trist. 92. 

busse, sb., 0,Fr, busse, cf, O.E, butsa-carlas 
{boatmen) Sax. chr. 201 ; a kind of boat, 
Man. (F.) 187 ; Man. (H.) 169. 

buste, see boiste. 

biisten, v., f becU, bruise ; beate^ )>e & busteS 
{pres,) )>e H. M. 31 ; bah }>u me busts {subj,) 
ant beate Jul. 24 ; one )>ei him bete & buste 
(r. w. niste) Al. (L.') 331 ; comp, to-busteix. 

bustlen, v., wander blindly : busteling 
{sb,) for)) as bestes over vaJeies & huUes 
Langl. A vi. 4. 
but, sb., Fr, but, mod,Eng. butt ; target, 
boundary ; * meta,* PR. P. 50 ; a but of lond 
* amseges * VOC. 270 ; that might the ston to 
his but bring(e) OCTOV. (W.) 899. 
but% sb., act of * putting^ a stone, Hay. 

1040. 
buten, but, btLt, prep., adv., conj., O.E, 
beutan, butan, buton, hute,^ OX,G, biutan, 
butan, mod,Eng. but ; outside, without, ex- 
cept, unless, but : ^\f pe wisa mon bi^ butan 
gode wercan hom. I. 109 ; buton ane treowe 
221 ; buten ende 147 ; bute {unless) he bine 
drive a wei 21 ; nawiht for ure emunge bute 
{but) for his muchele mildheortnesse 19 ; 
buten waestme {^ sine fructu*^ Mat. xiii. 22; 
buto [*«/«*'] xi.27 ; bute John xix. 11 ; buten 
Jni hefdest unifouh frag. 7; buten {v, r, 
wi^ute) live Kath. 252 ; nis buten an god 
367 ; nefde ha bute iseid swa )>at al )»e eor^ 
ne bigon to cwakien Marh. 19 ; et te laste 
vers buten an A. R. 20 ; )>is world nis buten a 
wei to heovene 1 50 ; buten leave 238 ; he ne 
mei no )>ing don us bute bi godes leave 230 ; 
beon buten [boute] Laj. 3749; buten [bote] 
Noe & Sem 23 ; bute mochelere ferde 3679 ; 
bute {sed) nele he . . . )>e Evelin . . . bitaechen 
8263; ndede he boten {}hbitn for bouten) 
annesune88; beute jif (i^/y/f^j) 26433 ; buten 

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butere. 



c&f. 



childre Orm. 204 ; but (ms, butt) if 45 ; bute 
neste ouiside //te nest O. & N. 1386 ; bat ich 
bute anne craft ne can 794 ; bute {unless) |)u 
vville bet ag^inne lie schaltu bute schame iwinne 
1289 ; bute here 1790 ; bute lese wordes J>u me 
knst 756 i nowi^t bote sorwe 884 ; non o^r 
wile ge , . . buiL-^n (sed) one go% & one sit 
Misc 22 J bute it were bi hire wille Hav. 85 ; 
fro londe worcn he bote a mile 721 ; but 
if Will. 472 j k^ schip boute mast 567 ; but 
Langl, ^ prol. 194 ; but what ben fes ))ingis 
a mong so m:ini{e) men WiCL. JOHN vi. 9 ; 
but {yvi) C H. C, T* y4 74 ; |)ei conne meche of 
boll writ but )>ei undirstonde it not Mand. 
136 ; beoutcn PL, CR. 651 ; bouten ende 
TREAT. 132; bo Lite, bote Shor. 18,40; bote 
bat fjou me Wilekin bringe AN. LIT. 12; 
boute gile SPEC 38 ; boute, bout, bot Gaw. 
361, 32B5, 1783 ; boten P. S. 156; ))Ou nesselt 
habbe gcd bote me ayenb. 5 ; bot I sum. 
1 50 ; ))er nas bot o wei Bek. 637 ; and was bot 
5even winter old 3, S. (Wr.) 14; comp, a-buten. 
butere, sb., O.E, butere, Lat. butirum, from 
Gr, ^ovrvpQu\ buiier^ Sax. chr. 259 ; Hav. 
643 ; burtere IiEn. & ex. 1014 ; buttire voc. 
198; butter^ botere WiCL. GEN. xviii. 8; 
botere K. G. 35(S. 

buter-flije, sb., 0,E, h\ittor^eogt,c/,M.Du. 

botervlieghe ; butterfly, Fl. & Bl. 473 ; but- 

terflie I^all. \\\^\b ; boterflie Ch. C.T. ^53980. 

butle, sti.,£/; O.L,G, butii (Forstem.namenb. 

I L 31 9J ; iwme\ buttle HOM. II. 185 ; see botel. 

butte, sb,, €f. L.Ger.f Swed. butte, Du, bot; 

butt {kind ofjish), PR. P. 56 ; Hav. 759. 
biitte, sb., O.E. b^tt, OJV. bytta ; butt, wine- 
skin^ cask J * utr-r,^ FRAG. 4; butte, bitte f uterus 
H. M. '^$\ bo Hen as a bitte (ms, bite, r. w, 
pitc—pitte) Map 334; hit\^ uter^] PS. cxviii. 
83* ; biitta, betta, bitte (ms. bytte), bitton, 
bitten ipl.) Mat. ix. 17, Mk. ii. 22, Lk. v. 
37 I bittcs E. G. 382. 

button, v., cf. S^ed. butta, botta (Rietz 48), 
M.Du. botlcn, f M,H,G, butzen, mod.Eng. 
butt; drive, thrust, Ar. & Mer. 5175; he 
bigan ... to stiren & to butten Orm. 2810 ; 
button 'pelio' PR. P. 56; but (pple,) Hav. 
1916 ; st^e putten. 

buttinge, sb,, thrusting, tilting, Hav. 2322. 
buttok, sb., buttock, ^nates,^ voc 183 ; PR. P. 
^e\ p. l. s. xvii. 163; Ch. C. t. a 3803; 
laottokBB ipi.) SAINTS (Ld.) xlvL 725. 
buven, sct^ biuven. biLvieiLy see bivien. 
btiwen, sec bu^&n. btizum, see buhsiun. 
hfj see bi. 



c§, sb., €f. Dan. fcaa, M,Du, ka, kae, 0,H.G, 
caha ; chough \ k^ VOC. 188 ; coo, keo * mone- 
dula 'PR. P. 84 ; see ohb^e, 
o&^ diiwe, sb., jackdaw, * manedula' PR. P. 5 7. 

cabaebe^ sb., cabbage, anc. cookery (1440), 
Caxt, vjt. path. (jVi n. E. d.). 



oaban, sb., 0,Fr, caban, cabane; cabin, 
^ capana^ PR. P. 57; Langl. -4 iii. 184; 
cabane D. Arth. 757. 

oabily sb., / Lat, caballus ; cf, capel ; horse, 
nag, (ms, cabylle) VOC (W.W.) 697. 

odble, sb., Fr, cable, late Lat, capulum ; cable, 
PR. P. 57 ; Gow. II. 142 ; cabille voc. (W.W.) 
731 ; k&blen [cables] (pi,) Laj. 1338. 

oaboche, v., cut off the head of (a deer) close 
behind the horns : ms, (1425) in n. E. d. 

oacohen, ohdoen, v., 0,Fr, cachier, chacier ; 
catch, chase : ^if he me mihte cacchen [cache] 
Laj. 3 1 501; cacche Will. 2266; cacche, 
cache Ch. C. t. A 4105 ; chacche Langl. 
^ ii. 167 ; kecchen a. r. 324 ; kecche 
Horn (R.) 1377 ; cachin [kacchin] a wei 
* cdn^o* PR. P. 57, 269; vor to cachie and 
vern ))ane di(e)vel vram him ayenb. 178 ; 
chacen out alle misbeleevinge men Mand. 3 ; 
chace PR. c.4316; chaceawai LiDG. M. P. 139; 
))e ojjre . . . oh&cie]> (pres,) for)) Olivere Fer. 
955 ; alle . . . kache me a wai M. H. 151 ; cahte 
(pret,) LA5.4547 ; ca^te Rob. 14 ; kagte is (a) 
wei GEN. & EX. 949 ; caujte, caughte Ch. C. t. 
A 498 ; keihte A. R. 154 ; kei3t(e) L. H. R. 134 ; 
kejte ANT. Arth. xlbc ; chaced Langl. -ffxvii. 
51 ; hacahten Kath. 1990; oaht (pple,) P.S. 
152 ; cau^ Langl. B xvii. 219 ; hu he havede 

tene nome icaht LA3. 10843 ; ikeiht A. R. 88 ; 
a)> cachid [* comprehendit 'j WiCL. Mia iv. 9; 
))us am i cachet from kij>e ant. Arth. (PL) 
xii ; comp, bi-oaoohen. 
caohere, eh&oere, sb., catcher, hunter ; ))ise 
oaoheres (pL) . . coupled hor houndez Gaw. 
1139 ; chaseris Barb. vii. 91. 
oh&oixLge^ sb., chasing, hunting, PR. P. 68 ; 
Trev. II. 359. 

cache, sb., 0,Fr, cache, cace, chace; catch, 

chase ; chace MISC. 199. 
caohepol, sb., 0,Fr, chacepol; catchpoll, hom. 

I. 97 ; kachepol Langl. Cxxi. 46; catohe- 

pollis (pL) ^ apparitores * WiCL. I KINGS xbc. 

20. 

oaoherel, sb., catchpole ; cacherelea (pi,) P. 
S. 151 ; kachereles ayenb. 263. 
cad, sb., pet lamb, * cenaria^ voc. 219. 
kod-lomb, sb., f cade-lamb, \ricus,^ voc. 245. 

cadas, sb., 0,Fr. cadas, caddis, floss silk, 
* bombycinum,* PR. p. 57. 

c4de, sb., Fr, C3A^,from Lat, cadus ; barrel, 
PR. P. 57 ; kddoB (pL) Pall. xi. 331. 
cdde ^ sb., fmembrum virile, Ar. & Mer. 934. 

cadence, sb., cadence, Gow. II. 82; (ms, 
cadens) LUD. Cov. 189. 

cader, sb., / Welsh cadair ; crcuile, A. r. 82* ; 
kader 378. 

oaf, see oha£ 

cfif, adj., 0,E, caf; swift, eager; cof rel. I. 
212 ; cof & qvik A. P. ii. 624 ; kene he was & 



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o&f. 



cdld< 



103 



Icof Man. (H.) 66 ; }« cove a. r. 66 ; biforen 

kafe & kene Orm. 19962. 

cove, adv., swiftly ^ o. & N. 379; oofer 

(campar.) HOM. I. 231. 

c5f-Hche, 2idy. jswiftfyi Laj. 1705 ; cofli Gaw. 

2011 ; Alls.* (Sk.) 1009. 
cafi sb., tcf, O.E. cofa, mod,Eng, cove ; fbox\ 

of wod dri as teindire ^ mad a caf Barb. 

LEG. II. 194. 

caft, kefty sb., f harlotry ^ A. R. 206. 
cage, sb., 0,Fr, cage, from Lat cavea ; cage^ 

A. R. 102; Alis. 3555; P. 19; Ch. C. t.A 

1294. 
eaggen, draw, bind, fasten ; caggis [caches] 

Alex. (Sk.) 1521 ; )»ai . . . keruen & oaggen 

(pres, pL) & man it clos A. P. i. 512 ; j>ai wer 

oagged ipple.) & ka^t on capeles al bare 

ii. 1254 ; caget D. TROY 3703. 
cai, adj., cf Fris,, Dan. kei, f M,Du, kei, kai 

(foolish) ; left : J)e kai fote Gaw. 422. 
cail, see keiL 
oailewei, sb., OJ^r. (poire de) caiUoel ; a sort 

0/ pear, Langl. Bxvi. 69; oaleweis {pi.) 

R. R. 7093. 
cainardy sb., (?./^r.caignard, cagnard ; coward, 

SPEC, no; a. s. 36; Ch. C.t. 2^235. 
[eaiP, adj., O.N. kserr ; dear^ 

kager-le^o, sb., OJ^. kserleikr; love\ {rns. 

kaggerrlejjc) Orm. 2187. 
cairen, v., f O.N. keyra (drive) \go\ in contre 

to cairen [kairen] aboute Langl. A PROL. 29 ; 

kaire Gaw. 1048 ; oaired (pret) A. P. ii. 85 ; 

j»e kouherde kaired to his house Will. 373 ; 

pe candelstik . . . watz caired (pple.) )>ider 

A. P. ii. 1478 ; icaired spec. 37. 
caiaer, sb., O.H.G. kaisar, keiser, = O.E. 

casere, Goth, kaisar, OJV. keisari; from Lai. 

Caesar; emperor, ALIS. 1409; Man. (F.) 5120; 

kaiser A. R. 138; kaisere, kaeisere, keisere, 

keiser [caiser, kaisere] LA5. 5220, 5965, 7331, 

27366; kaisere Langl. ^xix. 134; kaser 

Orm. 8329 ; keiserea (gen^ Kath. 3 ; (ms, 

ke^seress) Orm. 3519; oaisere (dot.) Mk. 

xii. 17. 
oaitify sb. & adj., O.Fr. caitif, chaitif, mod. 

Eng. caitiff; captive; wretch, wretched, de- 
spicable, ^captivus^ WiCL. I PARAL. V. 6; 

Will. 710; caitif, [chaitif] Langl. Cxxiii. 236. 
caitif-dom, sb., captivity, WiCL. £z. xx .. 3 ; 

TowNL. 156. 
oaitive-hdde, sb., wretchedness; baseness, 

C M. 22382 ; caitef hede 7353. 
oaitif-li, adv., wretchedly, R. P. 38. 
oaitifiiea, sb., captivity, wretchedness, 

TowNL. 315. 
oaitifen, v., make captive; render wretched, 

WiCL. PROL. JER. ; R. P. 36. 
0aitiTite9sb.,C^.7^r. caitivet^; captivity, wretch- 
edness, c. M. 7353, 18191, 22382 ; PR. c. 455 ; 

caitifte WiCL. £PH. iv. 8. 



' O&ke, sb., cf. Swed. kaka ; cake, * libum, pla- 
centa,^ PR. P. 58 ; voc. 198 ; H. M. 37 ; l. h. r. 

137 ; Ch. C. t. A 668. 
o&ke-brSad, sb., cake (of bread); cakebrede 

Langl. -^xvi. 229. 
oakely adj., cackling, A. R. 66. 
oakeliiiy v., » Du. kakelen, Swed. kakla ; 

cackle, ^gracillo,* PR. P. 58; kakelen A. R. 

66; oaole]> (pres.) Gow. II. 264. 
oakelinge, sb., cackling, * gracillacio,^ PR. P. 

58. 

oakkm, v., *caco' PR. p. 58. 
oal, sb., O.N. kail ; call, act ofccUling, A. P. ii. 

61 ; calls (dat) C. M. 3022. 
c&l, see caul, 
oaladrie, sb., kind of bustard ; [* charadrius '] 

WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 18. 
oalament, sb., Fr. calament, med.Lat. cala- 

mentum; sort of herb, Trev. Barth. (n. E. 

D.) ; * calamenta balsamita,* PR. P. 58. 
oalajntis, sb., Lat. calamus; reed, an aro- 

matic plant, Trev. Barth. (n. E. d.) ; WiCL. 

Ez. xxvii. 19. 
oalami, sb., sort of aromatic herb (earlier text 

chaalami) WiCL. ex. xxx. 24. 
oaloatoriy sb., Lat. calcatorium ; wine press^ 

Pall. i. 461. 
oaloh, sb., O.E. calic, from Lat. calix (ace. 

calicem); qf. O.Fr. calice, chalice; chalice, 

MISC. 43 ; calch, calice hom. II. 91, 215 ; caliz 

A. R. 284 ; Hay. 187 ; Brd. 14 ; chalice Shor. 

20; chalis AYENB. 167 ; oalices (//.) AYENB.41. 
oaloidoine, sb., O.Fr. calcedoine ; chalcedony, 

Gow. III. 133. 
oaloimnge, sb., calcination ; calceniinge Ch. 

C.T. ^^771. 
oaloinatidn, sb., Fr. calcination ; calcination, 

Ch. C. T. C7804. 
oaloulaoidiiy sb., Lat. calculationem ; calcula- 
tion, Gow. II. 345. 
oaloulatoiir, sb., Lat. calculator; one who 

calculates, WiCL. S. w. II. 408. 
oaloulen, v., Fr. calciiler ; calculate ; kalcule 

Ch. astr. i. 22 (14) ; oalouled (pple.) Langl. 

j9xv. 364, 

kalkuler, sb., calculator, Ch. astr. i. 23 (14). 
oalculinge, sb., calculation, Trev. I. 39; 

Ch. Tro. i. 71. 
oaloulose, adj., Lat. calculosus ; stony, Pall. 

ii. 274. 
c^ld, adj., O.E. ceald, cald,= OX.G. cald, 

Goth, kalds, O.N. kaldr, O.H.G. chalt; from 

o£Len ; cold, HOM. 1. 97 ; I w. 360 ; PR. C. 767 ; 

cald, cold Laj. 4519, 19756; cold A. R. 400 ; 

O. & N. 622 ; cold red REL. 1. 182 ; child [cold] 

Langl. Cxviii. 49; cheald John xviii. 18; 

chald MISC. 30 ; ayenb. 153 ; cheld SHOR. 9 ; 

L. n. f. 214 ; Greg. 798. 
ciXd, sb., cold, Hay. 856; p, s. 330; Will, 



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104 



c41cL 



camelion. 



908 ; Mand. 256 ; chealdes {gen, n.) Mat. 
X. 42 ; cdlde {dat.) Jul. 21 ; Iw. 2974 ; colde 
Gow. II. 38 ; cAlde (pL) HOM. 1. 95 ; cares ful 
colde P. s. 152; odldore {compar,) L. H. R. 143. 
kdld-hed, sb., ^ refrigeriumi PS. Ixv. 12. 
c&Lde-liohe, adv., coldly ^ HOM. I. 277. 
o61d-mawe» sb., = mSw; fa sort of gull ^ 
LiDG. M. P. 202 ; oalmewe M. T. 133. 

cdlde, sb., ?=kelde ; cold : kalde, PS. cxlvii. 17. 

C&lden, v., O.E, cealdian,= O.H,G. chalten ; 
grow cold\ colde REL. I. 120; Ch. Tro. iv. 
362 ; M. Arth. 3647 ; his blod bigan to colde 
S. s. (Wr.) 1678 ; hire heorte bigan to chelde 
Horn (L.) 1148 (kolde H. 1185) ; keld(e) REL. 
II. 210; oolde)? {pres) FRAG. 5 ; Misc. loi ; 
kelde)) Angl. III. 279; comp, a-, for-, of- 
c&lden. 

cdle, sb., f cold', in hete & in cale LEG. 148. 

[cdlen, v., 0,E, calai\, 0,N, kala {pret, kol, 
pple, kalinn); be cold, grow cold\ comp, a- 
cdlen ; deriv, o^d, c51.] 

oalende, kalendes, sb., 0,E, calend, from 
LcU, calendae ; first of the month j month \ 
Gow. III. 123; Pall. x. 23; kalendes of 
chaunge Ch. Tro. v. 1647. 

calender, sb., Lat, calendarium; calendar \ 
kalender LA5.7219 ; Ch. astr. i. 1 1 (7) ; {guide) 
Ch. l. g. w. 542 ; (register) D. Arth. 2641. 

calenge, see ohalenge. 

oales, sb., name of a fabulous creature ; a 
feoUe worm, cales Alis. 7093. 

caleweis, see oalleweL 

calf, sb., 0,E, cealf, caelf, celf,= 0,L,G, calf, 
0,H,G, chalb «., 0,N, kalfr m. ; calf H. M. 37 ; 
Orm. 5858 ; p. s. 332 ; calf [kalf] Langl. A vii. 
274; kaelf FRAG. 3; keif A. R. 136 ; an fet 
chalf Lk. XV. 27 ; kalves {gen,) fleis GEN. & 
EX. Id 3; oalve {dat) A.S. 4; calveren {pi) 
Mand. 105 ; calveren, calves Wicl. num. 
xxix. 32. 

oalf-fLesh, sb.,«= C?^r. kalbfleisch ; veal, VOC. 
200. 

oalf-lees, adj., without a calf WiCL. Job 
xxi. 10. 

calf, sb., 0,N, kalfi -= M,Du. kalf {pulpc), 
calf {of the leg), 'sura,' PR. P. 58 ; Ch. C. T. 
^592. 

calice, see caloh. 

calion, ^h., pebble, ' rudus,' PR. p. 58 ; oallouns 
. (//.) Mer. XX. 329. 

caliphe, sb., caliph, Gpw. L 245; caliife 
Mand. 36 ; caliphee 230. 

caliz, see oaleh. 

calke» sb., shoe ; oalken {dat, pi.) Mk. vi. 9. 
oalke-trappe, sb., 0,E, calcatrippe (hera- 
clea), VOC. 68, 0,Fr, chaucetrappe ; caltrop, 
Uribulus,' REL. I. 37 (VOC 140); caltrap 
saliunca PR. P. 58; caltrap of jrin, fote 
hurtinge ' hamus* PR. P. 59 ; calketrappen 
.(//.) Alis. 6070; vol of • . • calketreppen 



and of grines ayenb. 131; kalketrappes 

Langl. Cxxi. 296. 
calkiii, v., ffor oaloulen; calculate, P. P. II. 

61 ; Ualculo^VK, P. 58. 
calle, sb., 0,Fr, calle, cale; caul; net, P. s. 

158; Ch. C.T.i>ioi8; K.T.365; ))e calle of 

E2 liver [* reticulum jecoris '] WiCL. lev. iii. 4 ; 
elle * reticulum ' voc. 196 ; Em. 303 ; kelles 
{pL) Townl. 313. 
callin, v., O.E, ceallian,= M,Du, callen, 0,N, 
kalla, 0,H.G, challon; call, 'voco,* PR. P. 58; 
callen Marh. 3 ; so shulen men callen it ai 
Hav. 747 ; calle HOM. II. 257 ; Gk)W. I. 148 ; 
Pall. i. 1042 ; calle {pres,) spec. 59 ; (fei) 
calles Will. 239 ; callen Mand. i ; callede 
{pret,) Perc. 610; called [kallid] Langl. -5 
xviii. 93 ; cald {Hfle.) HOM. I. 271 ; GEN. & 
EX. 1700 ; icalled JOS. 78 ; PL. CR. 574 ; cof?tp, 
bi-oaJlen. 

oallinge, sb., calling, 'vocatio^ PR. P. 58. 
calme, adj., Fr, calme ; calm, PR. p. 58 ; Gow. 

III. 230; D. TR0V20II. 

oalmen, v., Fr, calmer ; calm ; calme dep. R. 

iii. 366 ; D. Troy 4587. 
calstok, see under oaiQ* 
caltrappin, v. : catch with a caltrop, pr. p. 59. 
calu, adj., 0,E, calu {gen. calwes), = M,Du, 

calu, 0,H,G, chalaw; mod, Eng, callow; bald 

[*calvus'] WiCL. LEV. xiii. 40; caluj Alis. 

5950 ; be calewe P. L. S. ix. 89 ; J>e calouwe 

mous (the bat) [Fr, la chauve-souris^ AYENB. 

27. 
oalven, v., 0,E. cealfian, = M.Du, kalven, 

M.H,G, kalben ; calve \ J)e cou oalvide {fret,) 

WiCL. Job xxi. 10. 
calving, sb., calving. Pall. viii. 66. 
calver, adj., f fresh ; calvur PR. p. 59 ; cal- 

war F. c. 19. 
cdmb, sb., 0,E, camb, comb, = 0»L,G, camb, 

O.A^.kamb, 0./^.6^. champ; comb,OKU,6^^o\ 

comb P. 16 ; a cokkes comb Mand. 207 ; ^ 

dikes comb GEN. & EX. 2564 ; komb Ch. C. t. 

B 4049 ; kokis coom PR. p. 281 ; kdmbe {dat,) 

AYENB. 258 ; edmbes {pi,) P. L. s. xix. 249 ; 

comp, hors-, huni3-comb. 
cambok, sb., M,Lat, cambuca, cf Ir,, Gael, 

camog ; fetter, 'pedum,' voc. 232. 
camel, sb., 0,Fr, camel, chamel; camel, p. l. s. 

i. 22 ; c. M. 6001 ; kamel GEN. & ex. 1398 ; 

camels, chamela {pi,) WiCL. JUDG. viii. 21 ; 

camels [chameiles, camailes] c. M. 3304; 

chamoilis {later vers, camelis) i WiCL. paral. 

xii. 40. 

camel-h&r, sb., camel-hair, M. H. 41. 
camel-hide, sb., camel skin, c. M. 2249. 
cameline, sb., 0,Fr. cameline ; camlet, r. r. 

7366. 

cameline, sb., kind of sauce, l. c. c. 30. 
camelion, camle, sb., Gr, xa/iaiX<tt)v ; chame- 

leont Gow. 1. 133 ; camles {pi,) Mand. 289. 



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camelion. 



caneL 



105 



camelion, sb., used for camelopard^ WiCL. 
DEUT. xiv. 5 ; camelion is a flekked best in 
colour liche to a lupard Trev. 1. 159. 
cammid, adj., snub-nosed^ * simus^ PR. P. 59 ; 
oammede (//.) REL. I. 240. 
eammednesse, ohammidnesse, sb., ^simi- 
ias^ PR. P. 59. 

cammoc, sb.,=6^.£. cammoc; rest-harrow 
(plant) ; oammokeB, kammokes {pi.) 
Langl. B xix. 309. 

camoca, cammoca, sb.,= 6>./^r. camoca; a 
rich silken fabric [cammoka, camaca, ca- 
maka, cammaka], Langl. C xvii. 299. 
cammock, = cambok. 
camomilley sb., Fr, camomille ; camomile^ p. 
L.s.xxxi. 114. 

camp, sb., O.E, camp, comp, = 0,Fris, kamp, 
komp, 0,H,G, champh w., cf O.N. kapp n.\ 
battle \ ))at comp Laj. 23889; comp & ifiht 
4347; kampe {dat.) D. Arth. 3670; comp. 
^e-camp. 

komp-ifere, sb. {f printed kemp ifere), com- 
rade in battle^ A. R. 274. 
campar, sb., football player, PR. P. 60. 
campeson, sh.,for gambisdn ; doublet worn 
beneath the armour, RICH. 376. 
campin, v., O.E. campian, = O.Fris. kampa, 
kempa, O.H.G. chamfan, chemfan, O.N. kep- 
pa \ fight, contend; play at football, ''pedipilo^ 
PR. P. 60; kempe D. Arth. 2633. 
oampinge, sb., football match, ^pedipilu- 
dium,' PR. p. 60 ; LiDG. M. P. 200. 
campion^ see champion. 
camuB, camois, adj., Fr. camus; low, flat 
(nose), Fer. 4437 ; Ch. C. t. A 3934. 
camused, adj., flatnosed, Gow. II. 210. 
can, v., 0,E. cann (can), conn (con), = O.L.G. 
can, Goth., O.N kann, O.H.G. chan, (pret., 
pres) ; mod.Eng. can ; know ; know hoiv to; 
can ; GEN. & EX. 309 ; ROB. 10 ; AYENB. 21 ; 
can [^scit^] WiCL. John vii. 15 ; nou can i no 
red Triam. 595 ; can, kan Orm. 13 14, 5282 ; 
i can [kan] a noble tale Ch. C. t. -<4 3126 ; 
she . . . can [kan] hem ber fore as muche 
thank as me -4 1808; kan ynovf] Mk. xiv. 68; 
can, con LA5. 3291, 13332 ; can, kan, con, kon 
o.&N. 197, 263, 680, 757; con A. R. 18; Kath. 
S17; C.L. 30, 555; h. h. 26; AUD. 16; ne 
con crist him nenne fonc HOM. 1. 31 ; nis nan 
sunne \ti he ne con 35 ; f u canst o. & N. 1 182 ; 
thou canst . . . ))e ricthe gate Hav. 846 ; const 
[canst, kanst] Langl. A iii. 166 ; hwet so Jju 
const . . . bi|)enchen Jul. 66 ; cunnen Orm. 
5514; MiRc 237 ; }>e wel cunnen a [conne of] 
speche Laj. 7301 ; cunne o. & N. 911 ; Bek. 
1325; connen, conne Mand. 5, 213; conne 
SPEC 103 ; Ed. 3453 ; ounne (subj.) a. R. 64 ; 
Horn (L.) 568 ; cunne, kunne O. & N. 47, 188 ; 
cunne [conne] Laj. 28644; conne ayenb. 
J 18; )>ou konne Langl. ^xix. 26; jef fou 
conne Mirc 1356 ; je. conne [konne, cunne, 



kunne] Ch. C. t. A 31 18; dertv. oiimien«, 
kennen. 

can, v.,=gan; began, set to: can [gan, con, 
gon] on him to stare c M. 13557; can him 
to confort QUAIR iv; Moises on })e roche 
kan stand c. M. 6300 ; the croune that Ihesus 
couth (did) ber Bruce iii. 460. 
canacle^ conacle, sb., f mistake for ooveirQlbi 

? lid of a cup, A. P. ii. 1461, 1 5 1 5. 
cancre, sb., O.Fr. cancre, chancre; canker, 
cancer, A. R. 330; canker [kankir] WiCL. 
2 Tim. ii. 17; er the rose, as it come into 
canser D. Troy 2344 ; cankir, canker-worm 
* teredo ' PR. P. 60. 

oanker-dort, sb., stccte of suffering, Ch.Tro. 
ii. 1752. 

oancre-frete, adj., eaten away with canker, 
Rob. 299. 

cancren, v.,^(?w med.Lat. cancerare ; canker, 
kankir HOCCL. REG. PRIN. (in N. E. D.) ; 
cancringe, (pple.) Wicl. pref. ep. 69; 
oancred (conored), ulcerated, Trev. Barth. 
(in N. E. D.) ; here is a cankerd (depraved) 
company York vii. 97. 

candele, sb., O.E. C2inde\, from Lat. candela ; 
candle, HOM. II. 47; AYENB. I02 ; candle 
Bek. 1969 ; condle chr. E. 505. 

ccmdel-bem, sb., candle-sticky * lucemarium,* 
PR. p. 60. 

oondeHiht, sb., candle-light, LA5. 23752. 

k&ndel-messe, sb., candietnas, Orm. 7706 ; 
condehnesse A. R. 412. 

oandel-staf, sb., O.E. candelstaef ; candle- 
stick, Wicl. exod. xxv. 33 ; candelstef Mk. 
iv. 21. 

oandel-quenoher, sb., candle-extinguisher, 
Wicl. ex. xxv. 28. 

candel-stikke, sb., candlestick, PR. p. 60; 
Trev. III. 187; kandelstike H. s. 9374. 
candeler, ohaiindeler, sb., Fr. chandelier, 
mod.Eng. chandler; candle-maker, ^ cande- 
larius^ PR. P. 60, 71 ; chaundeler Wicl. 
JUDG. iv. 4*. 

candrede, sb., Welsh cantred, from cant 
(hundred) ; cantred : a candrede is a coun- 
trai jjat conteinej) an hondred townes Trev. 
I- 343- 
cane, sb., O.Fr. cane ; cane, Uanna* voc. 191 ; 
can (slender glass tube) LiDG. TROY (in N. 
E. D.). 

cane, chane, sb., khan, Mand. 188, 221. 
canel, sb., chanel, O.Fr. canel, chanel ; canal, 
channel, pipe ; ^ canalis^ PR. P. 60, 69; kanel 
(throat) Gaw. 2298 ; chanel Trev. I. 133 ; 
oanels (//.) c. M. 1866; canel [chanel] 
22577; canel WiCL. S. w. II. 335 ; canels or 
pipes Pall. i. 464 ; canel of a bell * canellus ' 
PR. p. 60. 

oanel-bdn, sb., collar-bone, CH. D. Bl. 943 ; 
ANT. Arth. xl; kanelbon REL. H. 78, 



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io6 



canele. 



capped. 



oanele^sb^ 0,Fr.caint[^{canne!le)] cinnamon, 

Laj. 17744 ; candle Mand. 187 ; canel P. L. S. 

XXXV. 76 ; WiCL. EXOD. XXX. 23. 
oanen, v., Ger, kanen ; become mouldy ; oftned 

{ppie) * addus^ cath. 53. 
oanevas, sb., Fr, canevas ; canvas^ Ch. C. t. 

G 939 ; canvas PR. P. 60. 
oangy adj., cf, Swed, k&ng; foolish^ Kath. 

260 A. R. 62 ; (f wanton) 56. 

oang-liche, adv., f foolishly y A. R. 56. 

kang-Bchipe, sb., ffolly^ A. R. 338. 
oang, sb., ffool, A. R. 270 ; kanges (^/.) 362. 
oangen, v., / become foolish : we am oangede 

(pple, pi,) A. R. 362* ; comp, a-oangen. 
oangun, ?sb.,=oang: beo he cangun o^r 

crupel H. M. 33 ; (v. r. cang) A. R. 62*. 
oanne, sb., 0,E, canne, = 0,H.G, channa ; 

cany drinking vessel \ kan LUD. Cov. 259; 

oannes (pL) WiCL. John ii. 6. 
oandn, canoiin, sb., Gr. Kcufw ; canon, rule, 

Ch. astr. ill. 32 (42) ; a M. 26290 ; apol. 

73 ; canon WicL. apoc. prol. ; c. M. 21190. 
oanon, adj.^^;!^ sb. ; canonical; lawecanoun 

Trev. II. 117. 
oanoniey sb., OJ*'r, canonie, chanoine, /r^w 

Lai, canonicus, cf 0,N, kanunkr; canon. 

Sax. chr. 250; canoun Bek. 386; chanon 

voc. 194; chanoun 209; kanunkes {gen,) 

Orm. dedic 9; canones, canunes (pi.) 

Laj. 21861, 29852; canunes o. & N. 729; 

chanounes Hav. 360. 

oanoniely adj., Fr, canon ial ; canonical, A. R. 8. 
oanonistre, sb., canonist, Wicl. s. w. I. 32 ; 

canonlBtres (pi,) Langl. A viii. 135. 
oanonisid, pple., catholic, the seuene epistolis 

that ben clepid canonisid WiCL. James prol. 
oanonissaciouiiy sb., the act of canonizing, 

PR. P. 60 ; Mand. 176. 
oanonissen, oanoniBen, v., medJLat, canoni- 

zare; canonize, WlCL. s. w. II. 387; Gow. 

I. 254 ; III. 280. 
canonizing, sb., canonisation, WiCL. S. w. 

III. 456. 
canope, sb., ca$iopy, pr. p. 60 ; Wicu JUD. 

xiii. 10. 
cant, adj., cf, M,Du, kant; f eager, brave-, 

cant and kene MiN. vii. 107 ; CM. 8943 ; 

kant & cof Man. (F.) 1886; mani kant 

knight Halliw. 488. 

oant-li, adv., eagerly, MlN. v. 64. 
oantaride, sb., cantharides. Pall. i. 128. 
Cantebnigge, pr.n., Cambridge, P. L. S. xiii. 

66 ; Cantebrigge Ch. C. T. A 3921. 
oantel, sb., 0,Fr, cantel ; bit, piece cut off, 

Ch. C. t. a 3008 ; b. disc 346 ; ant. Arth. 

xli; a cantel of brede voc 258; kantel 

Shor. 33 ; Gener. 5934. 
oantel«o6pe, sb., 0,E. canteldlpa; cloak, 

Laj. 29749' 



oantiole, sb., Lot, canticulum ; canticle, GEN. 

& ex. 4124. 

cantin, v., divide, share, ^partior^ PR. P. 60. 
[Cantware, pr. n. pi., O.E. Cantware (pi,) ; 

inhabitants ofKent\ 
Cantware-buri, pr. n., 0,E. Cantwara 

burg; Canterbury, Laj. 2821; Cantoreburi 

FRAG. 5 ; Canterburi Bek. 240. 
oaniink, see oanonie. 
capacite, sb., Fr, cap2icit6,from Lot, capaci- 

tatem ; capacity, w. & I. 66. 
capcioun, sb., capture, Wicl. 2 Pet. ii. 12. 
capoious, adj., captious, Wicl. s. w. II. 13; 

capciows Boken. 7. 
cape [Pcape], sb., 0,Fr, cape, chape, cf OJ^, 

kapa ; cape, cope : he nom ane cape of his ane 

cnihte Laj. 13097 ; and nomen tailes of reh^en 

and hangede on his cape [cope] 29559 5 cape, 

cope ^cc^a' PR. P. 91 ; chape of a schethe 69 ; 

cope Shor. no; jif he have^ enne widne 

hod & one ilokene cope A. R. 56 ; kope Hav. 

429 ; coope Wicl. exod. xxv. 7 ; cdpes (pL) 

Langl. A prol. 53 ; comp, oantel-oftpe. 
oapel [oapil, capul], sb., 0,N, kapall, ffrom 

Ir, capalC capull, Gael, capull, Lat, caballus ; 

horse, nag, Ch. C. t. A 4088 ; capul Langl. 

A iv. 22 [capel C v. 24] ; capul PR. P. 61 ; 

capei (hen) TOWNL. 99. 
oapen [P c&pen], v., provide with a cape or 

cope\ cope]' (pres,) LANGL,-4iii. 138; chaped 

(pple.) Ch. C. t. A 366. 
capitain, sb., 0,Fr, capitain; captain, Gow. L 

360; Ch. C. t. -^230; captein Wicl. s. w. 

III. 360; capitane Barb. viii. 52; capteina 

(pi,) Wicl. s. w. I. 323 ; see chevetain. 
capital, adj., 0./^r. capital; capital; wewriteli 

capital lettres Trev. I. 129; capitale Wint. 

VI. xix. 37 ; capitale ennime (deadly foe). 

Barb. iii. 2 ; capitalen (pL) A. R. 258. 
capital, sb., O.Fr, chapitel; capital; pilers 

. . . with . . . capitale P. S. L. xxxv. 69; 

capitals (pL) n. £. d. 
capitle, see chapitle. 
capitolie [capitoile, capthole], sb., O.Fr, 

capitolie ; capitol, citadel, Ch. C. T. B 3893 ; 

capitole Barb. i. 543. 
capoiin, sb., 0.£'.capun, 0,Fr, capon, chapon ; 

capon ; capun rel. 1. 217 ; capoun [chapoun] 

p. s. 334 (P. 43) ; oapSns (pi.) ayenb. 38 ; 

capones Langl. B xv. 466. 
oapparis, sb., Lat, capparis ; caper (theplanf) ; 

\ear. vers, caperis] WiCL. ECCLES. xii. 5. 
cappe, sb., O.E. caeppe, O.Fris, cappa, O.N. 

kappa, 0,H,G. chappa ; cap, ^pileusj pr. p. 

60; ^caleptra^ (Kokimrpa) VOC 182 ; P. S. 

330; Mand. 247; )>is manciple sette here 

allcr cappe Ch. C. t. A 586; keppen (dat.pL) 

A. R. 420 ; comp. fleil-, niht-oappe. 
capped, pple., wearing a cap : ask thi cappid 

maistres P. P. II. 107. 



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cappere. 



carL 



107 



oappere^ sb., capmaker^ £. G. 12. 

oaprety sb., cf. Ital, capretto ; gazelle^ WiCL. 

DEUT. xii. 1 5. 
oapriootm, sb., 0,Fr, capricom ; Capricorn^ 

Ch. astr. i. 17 (9). 

oaprif iOy v., Lcit. capriftcare ; ripen by capri- 
ficoHon^ Pall. iv. 593. 
oaprifig, sb., wildfig^ Pall. iv. 589. 
oapstan, sb., capstan^ A. P. ii. 418. 
oaptive, sb., captive, Ch. Tro. iii. 333. 
oaptive, v., make captive, LiDG. M. P. 38. 
oaptivite, sb., 0,Fr, captivity ; captivity (ms, 

captyuide), A. P. ii. 161 2. 
oapiQ, see oapeL 
car, adj., Gael, cearr ; left (hand) : be car honde 

(printed carhonde) ant. Arth. (R.) xlviii. 
oar, see ker. 
caraote, sb., 0,Fr. caracte ; character, letter ; 

carecte Langl. ^ xii. 90 ; caracter, carecter 

WiCL. APOC. xiii. 16, 17 ; carecte Gow. I. 57 ; 

careotuB \v. r. carrectis] (pi.) fat Crist wroot 

LANGU-ffxii. 80. 
oaraine, see caroine. 
oarake, sb., Fr. caraque ; a sort of ship ; carike 

Ch. C. t. D 1688 ; oaraokea (pL) SQ. L. dbg. 

819. 

oaraldesy sb., pL, ?=oarole8 ; f chains, a. p. 
iii. 157. 

carawai, sb., -» Ger. karvei, from Arcd>, kara- 
wiya ; caraway, PR. P. 62. 

oarbtmole, sb., 0,Fr, carbuncle, charboucle ; 
carbuncle (gem), Tr'ev. II. 235; charbucle 
H. M. 43 ; charbocle CH. C. T. ^ 2061 ; char- 
bugle Fl. & Bl. 234; charbokill D. Troy 
3170; charboncle Mand. 239; charboncle of 
annes LiDG. BocH. (in N. E. D.). 
oharbimole-0t5n, sb., carbuncle, Fer. 1741. 

oarcaia, see oarkeia. 

oarde, sb., Fr, carde ; card (for wool), PR. P. 
62. 

carde', sb.. 0,Fr. carte ; playing-card'. 

oardea (//.) Chest. II. 83. 
oardinge, ^., playing at cards, rel. II. 224. 
carden, v., Fr, carder ; card (wool) ; cardin 

PR. P. 62; karde Langl. Cx. 80; carded 

(pple,) Langl. Bx.\^. 
oardiake, sb., Fr, (passion) cardiaque ; heart 

disease, Halliw. 232 ; cardiacle Langl. 

^ xiii. 335; Ch. C. T. C313. 
cardini^, adj., OJ*'r, cardinal ; chief, cardinal: 

cardenale PR. P. 62; cardinals (cardinal 

virtues) (pi) c. M. 10008; ayenb. 123. 
cardinal^ sb., cardinal (ecclesiastic), LA5. 

29497. 
oardotin, sb., OJrr, cardon; thistle, 'cardo,* 

?0C 191. 

eardue, sb., Lat, carduus; thistle, Wicl. 
4 kings xiv. 9. 



C&re, sb., O.E. cearu, cani,=0,L,G. cara, 

Goth, kara, 0,H,G, chara ; care, Lk. x. 40 ; 

Laj. 23051; h. m. 27; Orm. 4852; Hay. 

2062 ; C L. 217 ; Ch. C. t. A 1569 ; PR. C. 

7263; god sente on him seknesse & care 

GEN. & EX. 775 ; care and sorwe ROB. 301 ; 

kare o. & N. 1590; Will. 726; kare and 

howe S. s. (Web.) 1493 ; on tare & on pine 

hom. I. 129; oirun, caren (dat, pi) Lk. 

viii. 14 ; comp, mdd-care. 
car-fUl, adj., 0,E, cearful; careful, Bek. 

639 ; Will. 2201 ; chaerful LA3. 21572 ; kare- 

fuUe (pi) cnihtes 16760. 

carflL(l)-liohe, adv., carefully, C L. 203 ; 

carfulli Will. 4347. 

carfulnesse, sb., carefulness, HOM. I. 115. 
kdre-ldaa, adj., O.E, cearleas ; careless, A. R. 

246; careles Laj. 12478. 
carf, sb., ?=klrf ; cut, wound; oarffes (pi) 

D. Arth. 2713. 

oari, sb., some rough cloth, pl. cr. 442. 
oaridge, sb., O.Fr. cariage ; carriage, * vec- 

tura,* PR. P. 62 ; Trey. III^ 391 ; WiCL. GEN. 

xlv. 19; Ch. C. t. 7677; Barb. viii. 275; 

K. Col. 40. 
carie, sb., f thing of price, treasure', fcart- 

load: i wol geve fe gimmes and bighes, ten 

J)ousand caries (pl) Alis. 6695. 
odrien, v., 0,E, cearian, = C7<?M. karon, O.H.G. 

charon ; care, be anxious, A. R. 48 ; he wile 

carien for hire H. M. 5 ; karien HOM. I. 193 ; 

carie Rob. 312 ; care MlN. viii. i ; cdre (pres,) 

SPEC. 54; carest Will. 3182; care}> p. 28; 

chared Mat. vi. 34 ; xxi. 34 ; (we) carie^ 

P. S. 149 ; cdrande (pple,) Gaw. 674 ; c4rede 

(pret,) Bek. 125 ; s. A. L. 158 ; heo careden 

LEB. JES. 25. 
oarien, v., 0,Fr. carier ; carry, Langl. A ii. 

132 ; E. G. 20 ; carie Gow. II. 293 ; Ch. C. t. 

.4 130 ; Mand. 49. 
cariare, sb., carrier, ^ vector^ PR. P. 62; 

carier Barth. (in N. E. D.). 
carited, sb., O.Fr. carit^, Lat, caritatem; 

charity. Sax. chr. 263 ; karite)) Orm. 2998 ; 

charite ayenb. 79 ; Ch. C. t. A 532 ; cherife 

HOM. I. 39. 
oark, sb., A.Fr. care ; grief, trouble, Ar. & 

Mer. 3952 ; cark [carke] Gam. 760 ; karke 

(dat.) Man. (H.) 135. 
carkeis, sb., f 0,Fr, carcois ; carcase, PR. p. 

62 ; Hoccl. (in N. E. D.) ; karkeis WlCL. 

EXOD. xxi. 35 ; carcais PR. C 874. 
carken, v., O.Fr, carkier, mod,Eng, cark ; be 

anxious', carke PL. T. 198; carke and care 

SQ. L. DEG. 924; carke (pres.) spec. 54; 

Jos. 30; carked (pple,) Ar. & Mer. 

4464. 

oarken, see chargin. 
carl, sb., 0,N, karl, «= 0,I/.G. charl, karl 

(allied to cheorl, ^. v.) ; husbandman/ man, 

males ^rusticus,' PR. P. 62; Hay. 1789; 



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!o8 



carl. 



castel. 



Ch. C, t. a 545 ; c. M. 13808 ; Townl. 213 ; 

kad Iw. 559; deriv. 'kerling. 
oarl-maii, sb., O.N, karl-, karma^r; ma/e 

pcrstm ; carman C. M. 2937 ; oarlmen (//.) 

and vimmen SAX. CHR. 26 1. 
carlisch, adj., manly, masculine', karlische 

(jinges HOM. I. 273. 
car me, sb,, Carmelite \ oarmes (//.) WiCL. 

s. w. 111. 353. 
C&rnacioa, sb., incarnation, Misa 216. 
caroalf adj., 0,Fr, camel, chamel ; carnal, 

LUD. Cov. 84 ; LiDG. M. P. 44. 
carnalito, sb., carnality, LUD. Cov. 114; 

GEST, R, (H.') 195. 
c&rnel, st€ kernel, 
caroine, sb., O.Fr, caroigne, charoigne; 

carhim^ carcase, ROB. 216; AYENB. 86; 

Langl. B prol. 193 ; carein apol. 105 ; 

careme Ch, p. f. 177 ; carion PR. c. 847 ; 

caraine A. P. ii. 459; karin D. Troy 13025 ; 

caren 1971; caraing P. s. 203; charoines 

{pL) a. R. 84 ; careins WiCL. GEN. xv. 11. 
Carole, sb,, 0,Fr. carole ; carol^ dance, song; 

chain, Rob. 53 ; s. S. (Wr.) 2885 ; oaroles 

(pi.) CiL C. T.A 1931. 
carolin, v ^ 0,Fr. caroler ; carol, PR. P. 62 ; 

carok and singe Ch. d. Bl. 849; karold 

{ prei. ) c. M. 7600 ; karoled {pple,) Man. 

(F.) J777. 
carp, sb.T cf. 0,N. karp, (boast), Swed, karp 

{*pnit' KiETZ); ftalk, A. P. ii. 23, 1327 ; s. 

A. L, Sj ; carpe A. P. i. 882. 
carpe, sb*^ 0./>. carpe, 0.//,G. charpho ; carp 

[ajishji * carpus,* PR. P. 62. 
carpenter, sb., 0,Fr, carpcntier ; carpenter, 

Rob. 537; Ch. C. t. ^3189; carpenters 

{pL) L. H. R. 30; carpentours D. Troy 1597. 
earpentrie, sb., O.Fr, carpenterie; carpentry, 

WiCL. EX* XXXV. 33. 

car pin, v., 0,N, karpa, mod.Eng, carp (at) ; 

spt\il\ in Ik, say, ^/ahulor,^ PR. P. 62 ; carpe 

Will. 45S1 ; Jos. 440; Langl. ^xix. 65; 

Ch. C. t. a 474 ; Degr. 9 ; Lidg. m. p. 191 ; 

to carpe \v iji ^our qwene ant. Arth. xi ; the 

king . . . cEtrpis (pres.) ))es wordes D. Arth. 

639 ; carpe (imper,) HOM. I. 287 ; oarpende 

iP^le,) Cow. III. 195 ; karpede (pret,) ISUM. 

234 ; carped Gaw. 1088. 
oarpare, sb., talker, PR. P. 62. 
carping, sb., talk, WILL. 4660; karping 

Iw. 127. 
oarr, see ker. 
Carre, sb., O.Fr, car, char ; car, ' carrus,* PR. 

p. 63 ; chare * currus* 69 ; carre Mand. 130 ; 

chare 175 ; char, chare Ch. C. T. A 2138; 

chaar, chare [Uurrum '] WiCL. GEN. xli. 43 ; 

earns \^ piaustra '] num. vii. 9. 
cart# sb,j / O.E. craet ; cf. O.N, kartr ; cart, 

' rheda^* PR, P. 62 ; LEG. 169 ; Ch. C. T. 

j9iSJ9; £- G. 353; kart voa 167; cart, 



carte Langl. ^ ii. 154; carte voc. 181; 
WiCL. 3 KINGS X. 29 ; karte Orm. pref. 48 ; 
kert ^currus^ FRAG. 4; carte (dot,) Laj. 
1 1 396; oarten (pi.) ayenb. 35; cartes 
Mand. 250 ; cartes and waines GEN. & EX. 
2362 ; comp, diing-oart. 

cart-clout, sb., iron plate to protect the axle- 
tree, 'epuscium,' VOC 278. 

carte-bodi, sb., voc. 167. 

oarte-bondesy sb., pi., * bendes de les roes *• 
voc. 167. 

cart-fUlly sb., cart-Jul, dep. R. ii. 158. 

cart-hom, sb., cart-horse, voc. 187. 

carte-lode, sb., cart-load, Hav. 895. 

cart-mare, sb., cart-mare, Langl. B vi. 289. 

carte-nave, sb., ^timpana,* voc 180. 

cart-sadel, sb., * dorsilollum,* voc 202; 
REL. I. 81. 

carte-stai; sb., cart-shaft, ROB. 99 ; cartstaf 
Gam. 590. 

cart-wei, sb., cart-way, Langl. A iii. 127 ; 
Trev. L 63. 

cart-wheel, sb., cart-wheel, Ch. C. t. 
Z?2255. 

kart-wright, sb., cart-builder, ^ carpenta- 
rius,* VOC. 194. 
carte, sb., O.Fr.carte ; f treatise ;Go^, III. 130. 
oartin, v., cart, carry in a cart, PR. P. 62 ; 
cart Langl. Cvi. 62. 

cartere, sb., carter, ayenb. 160 ; Ch. C. t. 
D 1542 ; s. & c. I. Ixi ; kartere [cartare] O. & 
N. 1186 ; cartare PR. P. 62. 
oas, sb., Fr. cas ; case, chance, Rob. 9 ; chr. 
E. 662 ; ayenb. 36 ; Will. 326 ; c m. 1407 ; 
GEST. R. (H.*) Iii. 230. 

oasbalde, sb., a term of reproach, York 
xxxiv. 194 ; Townl. 123. 
caak, adj., 0,N, kaskr, karskr ; swift, lively ; 
kaske (pi.) Hav. 1841 ; see crask. 
oasse, sb., O.Fr, casse, cf. mod,Eng. case; 
box, PR. P. 269 ; cas Ch. C. t. A 2080. 
oassen, v., Fr, casser ; quash ; cassed (pple.) 
E.G. 311. 

oassidom, sb., O.Fr. cassidoine ; chalcedony ; 
oassidoines (//.) A. P. ii. 1471. 
oast, sb., OJ^, kast ; cast, throw. Will. 4652 ; 
Mand. 92 ; Ch. C. t. A 3605 ; Flor. 1406 ; 
WiCL. NUM. XXXV. 17 ; ANT. Arth. xlviii. 
caste, see chastien. 

castel,sb., O.E.,0,Fr.cAsie[', castle,BKi!i, 2089; 
faet castel Lk. xix. 30 ; j^ene castel La^. 191 ; 
castel and burj me mai iwinne o. & N. 766 ; 
kastel Orm. 19941 ; castelle (dat.) Mat. xxi. 
2 ; castele ayenb. 121 ; castele, castle Laj. 
14138, 30771; castles (pi.) Sax. chr. 251. 

castel-buri, sb., castle precincts, Laj. 6714. 

castel-^at, sb., castle-gate, La^. 18652. 

oastel-toim, sb., Alis. 5 131. 



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oastel. 



oeint. 



109 



oaatel-touTy sb., castle tower ^ Trist. 158. 
oastel-wal, sb., castle wall, HOM. 1. 141 ; 
Man. (F.) 5078. 
castel-werk, sb., castellated worfc^ Will. 

2320. 

castelet, sb., 0,Fr, castelet, chastelet ; small 
castle, s. S. (Web.) 2754; chastelet Langl. 
^ii. 84. 

castellainy sb., 0,Fr, castellain ; master of a 

'castle, Gow. I. 184. 

oastellion, sb., castellan, Gener. 3128. 

oasten, v., 0,N, kasta ; cast, throw, spec. 37 ; 
Ch. Tro. iii. 711 ; to casten him in irens 
Langl. A iv. 72 ; kasten Kath. 946 ; caste 
Gow. I. 334; WiCL. John viii. 59; Perc. 
682; anker . . . kaste HORN (H.) 1053; 
keasten Jul. 67 ; kesten A. R. 56 ; kesten in 
feteres Hav. 1784 ; keste ayenb. 99 ; MAN. 
(H.) 54 ; easteS (pres) HOM. II. 177 ; a . . . 
rote fet kest vele kveade bojes ayenb. 31 ; 
caste ( pret) HOM. I. 47 ; LA3. 1919* ; Rob. 
151 ; Brd. 8 ; Mand. 93 ; kaste Kath. 
1360 ; it kaste a cri Map 339 ; keste I SUM. 
608; hi casten (pL) heore lot Misc. 50; kesten 
Gaw. 1649; <Mwt \pple,) Flor. 2181; icast 

HOM. I. 51 ; BEK. 450; C L. 807; TRANS. 

XVII I. 25 ; ikest A. R. 228 ; comp, a-, bi-, 

for-, overly uxnbe-casten. 
castere, sb., caster, WiCL. prov. xxviii. 7. 
castlnge, sb., casting, WiCL. S. w. I. 351 ; 

casting (vomit) WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 22 ; kasting 

Will. 942. 

castigation, sb., chastisement, Ch. l. s. 26. 
oafltraeioim, sb., castration; cutting out a 

hive; Fall, vii. 113 ; xL 267. 
casael, adj., Fr. casuel, mod.E. casual ; aca- 

denial, Ch. Tro. iv. 391. 
casoel-liy adv., casually, Ch. h. f. 679. 
oasuelte, sb., Fr. casualit^ ; chance, N. P. 23. 
cat, sb., 0,E. catt, cf, O.N. kottr m., O.Fris. 

kattc, OJI.G. chaza /I, Lat. catus, cattus, Jr., 

Gael, cat m., Welsh cath/y cat, A. R. 102 ; 

H. M. 37 ; AYENB. 179 ; Langl. B prol. 

149; Ch. C. t. Z?35o; Ar. & Mer. 8726; 

cat, kat 0. & N. 810, 831 ; ofte muse)) )« kat 

after hire moder REL. I. 180; oattea [gen.) 

Langl, B prol. 179 ; cattes drit P. s. 240 ; 

kattes mlnte catmint, ^nep(e)ta* REL. I. 37 ; 

oattes (pi.) Mand. 129. 
catapuoe, sb., O.Fr. catapuce, from Lat. 

catapotium ; a plant, Ch. C. t. -5 4155. 
oatectimeling, sb., catechumen, Langl. 6728 

(W.) ; oatekiunelliiges (pi.) B xi. 77. 
catel, sb., O.Fr. catel, chatel, Lat. capitale, 

mod£ng. cattle and chattel; property, 

chattel, cattle ; La5. 30673* ; Hav. 225 ; C. L. 

990; ayenb. 36; Rich. 1546; Langl. ^ vii. 

22; s. s. (Wr.) 1210; wib heore catel and 

heore gode trans. XVIII. 24; catel hadde 

)>ei inough and rente Ch. C. t. A 373 ; catell 



c. M. 6002 ; chatel HOM. I. 271 ; chetel A. R. 

224 (v. r. feh) ; ohateua (pi.) Rob. 18. 
oateraote, sb., Fr. cataracte ; cataract, 

TowNL. 29; oateractes (pi.) Townl. 32; 

cateractes LiDG. (in N. E. D.). 
caterwrawed, v., caterwauling : gon a cater- 

wrawed [wawed] Ch. C. t. D 354. 
cathedral, adj., O.Fr. cathedral ; cathedral, 

Rob. 282. 

oatirpel, sb., caterpillar, PR. p. 63. 
oatour, see aohatour. 
oauoe, sb., O.Fr. cauci^, chauci^ ; causeway, 

paved road, PR. P. 64; kauce Man. (H.) 183. 

oaucd-wei, sb., causeway, PR. p. 64. 
oauoion, sb., Fr. caution ; caution (bail, 

secufity, pledge), RoB. 506 ; caucioun WiCL. 

Lk. xvi. 6 ; kaucion Alis. 281 i. 
oaudel, sb., O.Fr. caudel, cbaudel; caudle, 

Rob. 561 ; cawdel Langl. A v. 205. 
caudron, sb., O.Fr. cauderon, chauderon; 

caldron, Brd. 17 ; leg. 41 ; Trey. V. 323. 
oauken, v., O.Fr. cauquer (trample) ; tread, 

copulate as a cock, Langl. B xii. 229 ; cau- 

kede (pret.) xi. 350. 
caul, sb., O.E. caul, cawl,=C^.A^. kal O.H.G. 

chol, cb\\/rom Lat. caul is ; cabbage, FRAG. 3 ; 

kaul voc. 141 ; coul mir. pl. 8; kal REL. I. 

52 ; cal [col] c. M. 12526 ; col L. c. C. 48 ; 

cool Pall. i. 879. 
caul-, edl-plante, sb., cabbage; k51e- 

plantes (pl.) Langl. B vi. 288. 
cftl-Btok, sb., O.N. kalstokkr ; cabbage-stem, 

voa 190 ; PR. P. 58. 
caiiri-mauri, sb., a sort of coarse stuff, Langl. 

Ai.62; see carl, 
cause, sb., Fr. cause ; cause, a. R. 316 ; ayenb. 

224; Ch. C. t. a 4ig ; bi oause, because 

174 ; be cause Mand. 15, 46. 
oause-ldB, adj., causeless, Ch. Tro. iv. 1448 ; 

Gener. 724 ; causelesse Ch. An. 229. 
causen, v., /^r. causer ; cause; oaxmep (pres.) 

Gow. I. 262 ; R. R. 4235. 
causer, sb., one who causes, M. GOD 12. 
oautele, sb., Fr. cautele ; cunning, PR. P. 64 ; 

Gow. III. 140; oautelis (pl.) WiCL. s. w. I. 

6 ; cautelis gest. R. (H.*) 123. 
oautelous, adj., cautious, crafty ; cautelouse 

WiCL. Job v. 13 ; cautellousWicus. w. 1. 223. 
o&ye, sb., Fr. cave ; cave, gen. & ex. 1137 ; 

Will. 25 ; Ch. C. t. B 500. 
oavel, see keveL 
oayern, sb., O.Fr. caveme; cavern, Ch. 

BOET. iii. 9 (82). 
oavillaoioun, sb., O.Fr. cavillacion ; act of 

cavilling, Ch. C. t. /? 2136. 
cedre, sb., Fr, cedre; cedar, aYenb. 131; 

c. M. 1377. 
ceint, sb., O.Fr. ceint, Lat. cinctus ; girdle^ 

Ch. C. t. a 329; saint Iw. 1772. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no 



oelebrable. 



chaft. 



oelebrable, adj„ 0,Fr, celebrable; celebrated^ 

famous, Qn. IJoET. iii. 9 (84). 
celeetiaJ., adj., < KFr. celestial ; celestial^ hea- 

-ueniy, GoW. Ill, 301. 
celidoinej sb.j OF'r. celidoine; celandine , 

SPEC. 36, 
cdUiIj v., c^il {a roam) ; caver {a wall), * celoy 

PR* F, 65. 

ceiinge, 3I3., ccUing^ Fer. 1 330. 
celle, sb., O.fr. celle ; cell^ P. L. S. ix. 60 ; PL. 

GR. 739 ; celle [selle] Ch. C. i,A 172; oelles 

{pi,) A, R. 152 ; cellen AYENB. 267. 
celler, sb., 0,Fr, celier, Lat, cellarium ; 

ccliar, CjOVV, 1 1 J . 12 ; celer PR. P. 65 ; celere 

A. R. 2J4 ; aelerB (//.) WiCL. PS. cxliii. 13. 
celier er, sb., Fr, cellerier; cellarer^ rel. I. 

373^ 
celaitude, sb., O.Fr. celsitude ; loftiness^ CT. 

LOVE 610. 
eelure, sb., canopy^ screen^ selure, PL. CR. 

201 ; Gaw. 76 ; a celour or a coverlit, ^ cela- 

iorium ' voc. fW.W.) 57 1 ; selour E. w. 76 ; 

sllotir 36 ; si lure ' celatura^ PR. P. 456. 
cementing, sb.^ binding together^ CH. C. T. 

6^817. 
cempe, see kempe. 
cendal^ sb., O.Fr. cendal, sendal ; a rich stuffs 

Misc, 43; sendal P. L. s. i. 11; Ch. C, t. 

^4440. 
oene, sb., 0,Fr. ^aine ; the Lord^s Supper^ 

WiCL. A?OC PKOL, 

oeuefectorie, adj., Lat. scenifactoria (ars) ; 

cenefectorie craft [tent-making trade)^ WiCL. 

DEEDS Kviii. 3* 
cenith, senith, sb., 0,Fr, cenith ; zenith^ Ch. 

ASTR. i. 19 (11). 

oeoae» sb., for enoens ; incense^ WiCL. lev. 

ii. K 
oense ', sb., 0,Fr, cense, Lat, census ; tribute ; 

?€ence ( /n>^/<v/ tence) Alis. 3025. 
censen, sen sen, v., offer incense^ pr. p. 66 ; 

senaing© ippk') Ch. C. T. A 3341. 
cen Binge, sb*, the act of offering incense ^ 

PR. p. 66, 
oenaer, %\x, far enoenser ; 0,Fr. encensier ; 

censer ; censer [scncer, senser, sensure] Ch. 

C, T. A 3340, 
cent, sb,, O.Fr, cent, Lat, centum ; hundred^ 

OcTOv, (W.) 1463. 
centre, sb., Fr. centre ; centre^ Gow. III. 92 ; 

Ch. astr. i. 21 {12). 
centiire, sb,, O./^.centoire; centaury {a herb), 

[v.r. centaure, sentaurie] Ch. C. t. ^4153. 
cepter, ceptre^ sb., O.Fr. sceptre ; sceptre, 

PR. p, 66 ; An?, 6716. 
cerchen^ v., O.Fr, cerchier; search; cerche 

LiDG. M, P. 159 ; serche D. Troy 1537 ; seer- 
gin PR, p, 453 ; eerohit ( pret.) D. Troy i 533 ; 

oeFChed { ppk.) Mand. 315. 
Odai?oMt3gej sb,j searching, PR. P. 67. 



cercle, sb., Fr. cercle ; circle, L. H. R. 28 ; 

Gaw. 615 ; Trey, V. 171. 
cerelen, serolen, v., 0,Fr, cercler, from 

Lat, circulare ; encircle, Ch. Tro. iii. 171 7. 
oerge, sb., 0,Fr. cerge; wax candle, Ed. 1274; 

oerges (pL) Hay. 594 ; see serge, 
oerial, adj., Itcd. ctTt^\e,from cerro evergreen 

oak : 00k cerial evergreen oak, Ch. C. t. 

A 2290. 
cerimoin, ceremoin, cerimonie, sb., OJ^f, 

cerimonie ; ceremony, WiCL. deut. xi. 32. 
oerty adv., 0,Fr. cert ; certainly, Alis. 5802. 
certeiiiy adj. & adv., Fr. certain; certain, 

Rob. 52 ; Man. (F.) 4875. 
certain-liohe, adv., certainly, leg. 47. 
certeinte, 0,Fr. certainet^ ; certainty, Man. 

(H.) 278. 
certeSy adv., Fr. certes; certainly, o. & N. 

1769; Fl. & Bl. 523; P. l. s. xvii. 441; 

Will. 732. 
certifie, v., Fr. certifier ; certify, PR. c 6546 ; 

we . , . oertifie {pres.) Gow. I. 192. 
ceruce [seruce], sb., Fr. ceruse; ceruse 

(white lead), Ch. C. T. A 630. 
cessaoidn, sb., O.Fr. cessation; cessation, 

LUD. Coy. 107. 
cessen, cesen, v., O.Fr. cesser; cease, Langl. 

A ii. 122 ; cesse Ch. C. t. B 1066 ; cese 

TRANS. XIX. 329; sese Will. 1516; sesed 

{pple.) Gaw. i. 
cessinge [cesinge], sb., discontinuing, 

WiCL. ley. xxiii. 2. 
cestred, cestered, adj., darkened, ps.cxxxviii. 

12 ; Ixxiii. 20. 
cete, cethe-grande, sb., Lat. cetus, pi. 

cete (grandia) ; whale, MISC. 16. 
cetewale, cetuale, see aedewal. 
ceVen, see oiitSt^e. 

ohaalamiy see oalami. chdce, see oaohe. 
ohaceable, adj.^/ to be hunted, Gow. II. 169. 
eh&oen, ohdcinge» see caoohen. 
chaceour, ohasur, sb., hunter (horse)^ p. l. 

S. ii. 109. 
ehaere, sb., O.Fr. chaere, Lat. cathedra, Gr. 

KaBi^pa ; chair, HoRN (L.) 1261 ; ROB. 321 ; 

chaire P. L. s. xvii. 256 ; chaiere Horn (R.) 

127 1 ; c. M. 9954. 
chaf, sb., O.E. ceaf, cef, = M.L.G., M.Du. 

kaf ; chaff, LA5. 29256; Orm. 1528 ; gen. & 

EX.2889; chaf [caf] CM. 4751 ; chefHOM. I. 

85 ; A. R. 270 ; fet chef ayenb. 62 ; caf PR. c 

3148; APOL. 54; oheve {dat.) hom. I. 85 ; 

AYENB. 210 ; fa chefu [^paleas *] Mat. iii. 12. 
chaf-finoh, sb., chaffinch, PR. P. 68. 
chdfen, see ohaiifen. 
chaffare, see ch^apfieure under cheap, 
chaft, sb., O.N. kiaptr ; jarw, * maxilla^ OATH. 

57 ; chaftis {pi.) ant. Arth. (M.) xi. 
chaft-b&n, sb., a m. 1073. 



Digitized by 



Google 



chame. 



chappen. 



Ill 



chame, sb., 0,Fr. chaene; chain; cheine 

Man. (F.) 8661 ; ohaines (pi.) ayenb. 264. 
chaiTiin, v., chain; Pcheenin PR. P. 72; 

oheine (pres,) Langl. Cxxi. 287. 
chairey see ohaere. 
chaisely sb., 0,Fr, chaisel, chainsil; itneny 

Unen garmenty Alis. 279; S. S. (Web.) 1814; 

cheisil La^. 23761 ; Misc 51. 
ohalami, see calami, 
ohalandre, sb., Fr. calandre; sort 0/ larky 

p. L. s. XXXV. 97. 
oh&ld, see o^d. 
chalenge» sb., 0,Fr. chalonge, calenge; 

challengCy clainiy injustice^ ayenb. 34 ; calenge 

Shor. 131. 
ehalengeable, adj., that may be challengedy 

Langl. Cxiv. 117. 
chalengen, v., 0,Fr, chalengier, calengier ; 

challenge; accuse; claim : chalenge [^calum- 

m'ari^ WiCL. I PARAL. xvi. 21 ; Ch. C. t. D 

1 300 ; chalange M. H. 3 ; PR. c. 2253 ; calangi 

Rob. 45 1 ; kalengest (pres.) a. r. 54 ; calenge}> 

AYENB. 43 ; chalanged {pple,) Langl. £ v. 

174. 
ohalanger, sb., challengery accusery rel. I. 

8 ; WiCL. PS. bod. 4 ; ohalengeris (pL) Job 

XXXV. 9. 
ohalffliginge, sb., chcUlengingy contradic- 

tiony WiCL. gen. xliii. 18; LANGL. ^xv. 

338 ; chalanginge {accusing) B v. 88. 
ohalf; see oalt chalice, see calch. 
chalk, sb., 0,E, cealc,=a/f.(;. calc, chalc, 

Jrom Lot, cabc ; chalky Ch. C. T. (J 806 ; calk, 

chalk, calXy * creta ' PR. P. 58. 
chalk-whit, adj., white like chalky Gaw. 798. 
ohalo-ston, sb., 0.E, cealcstan ; chalkstonCy 

FRAG. 4 ; chalkston CH. C. T. G 1207. 
chalon, sb., 0,Fr, chalon, cf, mod.Eng, 

shalloon ; a sort of woollen stuffy * tapetumy 

VOC 178 ; chalun 'toral' PR. P. 68 ; chaloun 

£. G. 351 ; chaldns (//.) Ch. C. t. A 4140. 
champaine, sb., 0,Fr, champaigne; plainy 

open country y DREAM 2064. 
Idiampartie, sb., OSr. champart ; partner- 

skipy Ch. C. t. -<4i949; Lidg. m. p. 131; 

champertie £. G. 400. 
chamberling, sb., cf, 0,Fr, chamberlan, 

OM.G, chamarlinc ; chamberlain ; chamber- 
ling, A. R. 410 ; chamberlein Rob. 390. 
chambre, sb., OJF'r. chambre; chamber, Bek. 

452 ; Mand. 24 ; chaumbre a. R. 92 ; chombre 

AYENB. 215. 
ohambeixlore, sb., chamber door, Iw. 63 ; 

chambirdore ISUM. 652. 
chatunber-wouh, sb., chamber-wally Jos. 

204. 

ohambrere, sb., Fr. chambriere; chamber- 
womariy Mand. 102. 
chamel, see osjnSL 



chamlit, sb., some eastern fabric, N. E. D. ; 

chamelot quair clvii. 
champion, campion, sb., 0,Fr, champion ; 

champion, PR. p. 69 ; champioun chr. E. 49 ; 

campion c. L. 906; ohampiunB (//.) A. R. 236. 
chance, see cheanoe. 
chancel, sb., /r. chancel; chancel; chauncel 

PR. p. 71. 
chanceler, sb., />. chancelier; chancellor, 

p. L. s. xvii. 240; canceler Sax. chr. 251. 
chancelerie, sb., Fr, chancellerie; chancellor- 
ship, Bek. 359 ; chauncelrie Langl. B prol. 

93. 
chancerie, chauncerie, sb.,^ chancelerie ; 

chancery, LiDG. M. P. 104. 
chandeler, see oandeler« 
Chanel, see canel. 
change, sb., O.Fr. change ; change ; chaunge 

REL. I. 268; chonge ayenb. 104. 
changeable, adj., changeable, Trev. II. 201 ; 

PR. c. 1473. 
changen, v., 0,Fr. changier ; change ; chaun- 

gen A. R.6; H. M. 7 ; chaungi Horn (L.) 1052; 

change}>(/r^j.) TREAT. 139; changede (/rr/.) 

Marh. 3; LA3.379I*. 
ohanginge, sb., change; pen. ps. 38; 

chaunginge A. R. 6 ; Trev. II. 201. 
changeour, sb., Fr. changeur ; changery rel. 

I. 7 ; ohaungeris (pi,) WiCL. Mat. xxi. 12*. 
chanoun, see canonie. 
chantable, adj., worthy to be sung, WiCL. PS, 

cxviii. 54. 
chanten, v., Fr, chanter ; chant ; ohaante)> 

(pres,) Ch. C. t. A 3367. 
chantement, sb., enchantment, Rob. 243 ; b. 

DISC. 1900; Will. 653. 
chanterie, sb., 0,Fr, chanterie; chantry; 

chaunterie Ch. C. T. ^ 5 10. 
chantur, sb., 0,Fr, chanteur ; chanter ; chaun- 

tur s. A. L. 60 ; chauntour Trev. II. 349, 
chape, see cape, 
chapelein, sb., 0,Fr, chapelain; chaplain, 

Bek. 961 ; Langl. Cxiv. 127. 
chapelet, sb., 0,Fr, chapelet ; chaplet, PR. p. 

69. 
chapelle, sb., O.Fr, chapelle, chapele; chapel ,^ 

Gaw. 2186 ; chapele Marh. 20 ; Rob. 473 ; 

ayenb. 56. 
chapitle, sb., (?./r.capitle,chapitre; chapter; 

summaryy P. s. 254; ayenb. 220; capitle, 

chapitle PR. P. 61 ; capitle WiCL. Heb. viii. 

I ; chapitre P. L. S. xvii. 435 ; Ch. astr. ii. 

9 (22) ; oheapitres (pL) A. R. 14 ; chapitles 

p. s. 332 ; capiteles ayenb. 43. 
ohapitel-, chapitre-houa, sb., chapter'- 

house y Langl. ^v. 174. 
chappen, v., = M.Du, kappen ; splity chap 

(the hands) ; ohappid (pple,) Rich. 4550; 

TowNL. 98. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



115 



char. 



chavel. 



char, cbaro^ sec carre* 

charbuclej se^ curbiincle. 

char -cole, sb., iharcoal, ^ carboj PR. P. 69; 

Gaw. S75, 

cliareii, see cherren. 
charge, sb., O.Fr, charge, carche; charge^ 

A, R. 140 ; Ron. 416 ; charge, charche Trev. 

VIL 405 ; charche E. G, 358 ; charges (//.) 

Mani:i. 502. 
Ohargoaunt, adj,, O^Fr. chargeant ; burden- 

£omt^ Ch. C. t. 7692. 
charge ous, adj., burdensome^ Ch. C. t. ed, 

Morrisy p, 160 (iJ 2433 htxs chargeant) ; WiCL. 

1 Cor. xi. 9 ; ch;irjous VViCL. PROV. xxvii. 3. 
chargeour, sb.^ charger (large dish\ H. R. 

136; L. c. c. 21 ; B. B. 143. 
ohargiBy v., O.Fr. chargier, carchier, carquier ; 

ihargfj PR. P. 69; oharge}> (pres,) ayenb. 

<>7; chargede {prei,) Brd. ii; charged 

i ppk.) Pk. c 2949; charged, karked c. M. 

.1^253 ; icharged a, r. 304; icarked ayenb. 138. 
charien, nee carien. 
oharieter^ sb., chariofccr^ WiCL. 3 kings xxii. 

34; 4 KINGS ii. 12. 
chdri^, adj.^ 0,E. cearig-^ = 0,H,G. charag, 

\ f modEug. chary) ; from c&re ; sady sorrow- 
fttl : turtle ledcj? chari^ lif Orm. 1274. 
chariot, sb., Fr. chariot \ chariot^ Trev. III. 
► 391. 
charitable, adj., Fr. charitable; charitable^ 

Ck, C. T. .'I 143. 
oharite, see carited. 

charitous, adj., full of charity y Gow. 1. 172, 
cbarkin, cherkin, v,, 0,E, cearcian (? = 

cracian) ; cre^tk^ ^ sirido* PR. p. 70, 76 ; 

cbarke Gow, Ii, 102 ; WiCL. Amos ii. 13. 
charme, sb., O^Fr. charrae; charm^ Langl. 

Zf xiii. 342 ; charinea { pi.) AYENB. 43. 

char nun, v,, (?*/>, charmer ; chamty * incan- 

iOj faseino^ pr, y^'JO. 
charmarBj s]>.^ charmer^ AYENB. 257, 
oharniereaBe, sb., enchantress^ witchy 

AYENB. 19 \ charmereflBes (//.) Ch. H. F. 

1261, 

charming, sId-, enchantment, Alis. 404. 
charnel, sb., iXFr. carnel; chamel-housey 

Langl. B^\. 60. 
charre, see cherre.. 
charrei, sb., CKFr. carrei, charei; vehicles^ 

ciirriagesy Alis. 5096. 
chartre, sb., O.Fr, chartre; charter. Hay. 

676 ; Langl. B xi. 122 ; cartre Roa tj, 
chartre, sb.» O.Fr, chartre ; prison, gen. & 

EX. 2043. 
chaste, adj., O.Fr. chaste ; chaste, a. r. 368 ; 

Hav. ^S8. 
ohast-hed, sb., chastity ^ GBN. & EX. 2022 ; 

chasthede ayenb^ 230^ 



ohaste-liche, adv., chastely, ayenb. 239. 
chasteine, chestein(e)9 sb., O.Fr. chas- 

taigne ; chesnut, Ch. C. T. A 2922 ; chesteine 

PR. P. 73 ; ohesteines (//.) Mand. 307. 
kestein-tree, sb., chestnut tree, WiCL. Is. 

xliv. 14. 

chastete, sb., O.Fr, chastet^ ; chastity, A. R. 
6; AYENB. 159; chastite MISC. 227, 
chastiement, sb., 0,Fr, chastiement ; chas- 
tisement, A. R. 72 ; chastisement ayenb. 17. 
chastien, v., 0,Fr, chastier, from Lot. casti- 

gare; chasten, chastise, rel. I. 131 (hom. II. 

11); chasten A. R. 218 ; chastie leg. 16 ; chasti 

Rob. 428 ; AYENB. 8 ; PR. c. 3549 ; chasten, 

chasti^en (? chastizen), chastisen Langl. -5 v. 

34; chastizin PR. P. 70; cha8te)> (pres.) 

AYENB. 17; castede (pret.) HOM. II. 137; 

chastised Will. 54. 
chastinge, sb., chastisement, ayenb. 68; 

Langl. B'w, 117. 
chastiBingey sb., chastising, PR. P. 70; Gow. 

II. 44; WiCL. LEV. xxvi. 18. 
chastisen, see chastien. 
ohasur, see ohaoeotir. 
chat, sb., Fr. chat ; catkin : )>e chattes (pL) of 

hasele Mand. 168. 
chatel, see catel. 

ohatere, sb., chatter (dot.), o. & n. 284. 
chaterin, v., chatter, ^garrio,^ PR. p. 70; 

cheateren A. R. 152 ; chatre Lidg. m. p. 150; 

chaterest (pres.) o. & N. 322 ; cheterej> Trev. 

1.239; chatere (subj.) Langl. Cxvii. 69; 

chatre Langl. jffxiv. 226; ohetering (pple.) 

H. s. 359. 

ohaterer, sb., chatterer, cath. 60. 
chatereBtre, sb., (female) chcUterer, o. & N. 

655. 
chateringe [dhatering], sb., chattering, O. 

& N. $76, 744. 

ohaudy adj., 0,Fr, chaud ; hot, Langl. B vi. 
313. 

chaunoelrie, see ohancelerie. 

ohannceriey see ohancerie. 

chaufenyV., 0,Fr. chaufer; chafe, make warm, 
become warm, ant. Arth. xxxv ; chaufe 
Parten. 224 ; chaffin * calefacio ' PR. P. 68 ; 
ohaufed (pple,) WiCL. Is. xliv. 15. 

ohaufur, sb., chafer, e. w. ioi ; chafur 46 ; 
chafour * calefactorium * PR. P. 68 ; w. & i. 23. 

chaul, ohanlen, see ohavel, chavelen. 

Ohavel, sb., O.E. ceafl, } = O.L.G, kafal (dat. 
pi, kaflun), M,L,G, kavel ; mod.Eng, jowl,y2ir 
chowl; jaw, Tkist, 1468; chavil Iw. 1991 ; 
chaul Alis.* 1119; Wicl. i kings xvii. 35; 
chewil * mandibulum ' VOC. 187 ; choule (dot) 
AuD. 77 ; chole PL. OR. 224 ; fen chin him of 
swipte mid alle fan chevele LA5. 26056; 
chffifles [choules] (//.) LA5. 6507 ; chaveles 
REL. I. 220; chavelis [chaulisj c. M. 7510; 
chaules Map 338. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



chavel. 



chekkin. 



^^3 



ohaTll-b5n, ohaQlbSny %h. Jawbone ; ^man- 

dibulai PR. P. 70 ; chavilbon LUD. Cov. 37. 
chavelen, v., cf, LiGer, kavelen, Du, kevelen ; 

chatter \ chaule P. S. 240; ohefleC, cheofleS 

{pres) A. R. 70, 128. 
chaveUnge, sb., chatterinf^^ gabble : mid 

chav]mg(e) and mid chatere O. & N. 284; 

chevelunge A. R. 100. 
cheafer, sb., 0.E, ceafor,= i^.Z>i/. kever, 

0./f.C7. chevar, kever ; cockchafer; oheaffers 

(pi.) [' scarabaei'] Trev. II. 211. 
cheafle, sh.y/rom ohavelen ; / chatter^ gabble^ 

A. R. 72. 
ohdake, sb., 0,E, ceace, ceoce, = OSris, 

tziake, ziake, MX.G, keke, kake, M.Du. cake 

U Swed, kek »«. (cheek, jaw) ; rA//^, AYENB. 

248; his overe cheoke Marg. 159; cheke 

^malaygena* PR. P. 72; *gena* VOC. 185; 

^joue ' 1 45 ; [' maxillam '] WiCL. JUDG. xv. 1 5 ; 

SPEC. 34; Gow. II. 14; choke L. H. R. 218; 

chdoken (//.) A. R. 70 ; chekes Langl. A iv. 

37 ; chekes, chcekes Ch. C. t. A 633 ; chekes, 

chokes Man. (F.) 1820 ; ohdken \daL pi) 

HOM. II. 73; AN. LIT. II. 

ohSk-bdn, sb., 0.E, ceacban; cheek-bone, 
Fer. 5650 ; cheekboon [* maxillam '] WiCX. 
JUDG. XV. 15 : chekebon PR. P. 72. 

cheanoe, sb., 0,Fr. cheance; chance, Rob. 14; 
cheaunce Shor. 60; chaunce PR. C 3768; 
god jeve ^ good chaunce Ch. C. T. G 593. 

cheap, sb., 0,E, ceap, cep, cf. OX,G, cop, 
OSris, kap m,, OJV, kaup «., O.H,G, chouf 
»i. ; mod^ng, cht2Lp; ^rchase, bargain : hire 
dieap wes J>e w(u)rse La|. 385 ; no mihtest ))u 
^h nen(n)e chep finde neouwer na bred 
31799 ; deore cheap hefdes tu on me HOM. I. 
281 ; so liht cheap A. R. 398 ; begge as guod 
cheap ase me mai ayenb. 44 ; )>et is )>e wun- 
derlukeste chep (bargain) pet eni mon efre 
ftmde HOM. I. 163 ; cheep ^pretium * PR. P. 
72; god chep of com P. S. 341 ; good chep 
\hm march/) or dere Gow. II. 169 ; light chep 
TowNL. 102; gret chep (grand marchf) Ch. 
C. T. D 523 ; M AND. 208 ; bien gret chep (for 
god chep) WiCL. E. w. 185 ; in chepe * tnforo* 
Trev. VIII. 319. 

eh&ap-&re, sb., mod,Eng, chaffer; iner- 
chandlse, trade^ ayenb. 36 ; cheifare A. R. 
310; MISC. 40 ; Hay. 1657 ; p. l. s. xxi. 67 ; 
chafere c. L. 1112; Langl. A prol. 31 ; 
[^negoflallo*] WiCL. Is. xxiii. 3. 

ehi^fiEui, v., chaffer, trade, ayenb. 162; 
chafl^ Ch. C. t. B 139. 

ehdp-mon, sb., 0,E, ceap-, c6p-, cypman) 
«* 0,H,G. choufinan ; chapman, merchant, 
A.R. 208 ; chep-, chapmon LA5. 30681, 30690; 
chapmon O. & N. 1575 ; chapman * mercator* 
PR. P. 69 ; Ch. C. t. a 397 ; ohi^pmen (pi.) 
L^ 11356; chepmen R. s. vii ; chep-, chap- 
ncn Misa 39, 70 ; chapmen Hay. 51 ; (ms. 
chappmenn) Orm. 15783. 

t ] 



oh&pman-hdd, sb., * mercatusj PR. P. 69 ; 
chapmanhode Ch. C. t. B 143. 
chdap-soamel, sb., 0,E, ceapsceamul; 
counter, * teloneum,* Lk. v. 27. 

oheapien, v., 0,E. ceapian,= (9.Z.6^. cdp5n, 
0,Fris, kapia, 0,N. kaupa, Goth, kaupon, O. 
H,G. chaufan, choufon ; purchase, buy: wi^ 
chatel mon mai luve cheape hom. I. 271 ; 
ch(e)api [chepin] ... & sullen Jul. 63 ; chepen 
Gaw. 1271 ; chepin * licitor' PR. p. 72 ; chepe 
Ch. C. t. D 268; chdpe (pres,) P. s. 159; hwon 
he vor so liht wur^ . . . cheapen ))ine soule 
A. R. 290 ; heo cheape^ (sells) hire soule )>e 
chepmon of helle 418; chepede (pret^ 
OcTOY. (W.) 389; cheped Langl. i?xiii. 
380; cheapeden Mat. xxi. 12; cf ohepen 
and coupon. 

ohdapild, 2,^),, fond of bargaining, A. R. 418. 
chdpinge, sb., d.^.ceping, ceaping, ceapung ; 
act of buying; market; ^ forum, HOM. II.211 ; 
Laj. 23413 ; Will. 1822 ; Langl. A iv. 43 ; 
chepin^ Jul. 52; cheepinge ]!foro^\ Wicl. 
Mat. XI. 16. 

chdping-bd]>e, sb., market-booth, Orm. 
15573- 

ohdpeing-toiin, sb., market town, Am. & 
Amil. 1700, 1816. 

oheaste, sb., O.E. ceast, cf O.Fris, kase, ^ / ^ 
OJI.G, kosa ; dispute, contention, strife : )« ^ ^^^^ 
vormest(e) is cheaste o^r strif A. R. 200 ;[; ^M^c^Jr. J 
cheast hom. II. 163 ; cheaste, chiaste ayenb. /i^/ ^ ^^^t 
65, 67; cheste hom. I. iii; Shor. 113;^^' ^^' 
OCTOY. (W.) 754 ; )>eos cheste O. & N. 177 ; Z^*^- 
cheste and sake 1 160 ; wibouten cheste Rich. 
5143; S. S. (Wr.) 1638 ; cheeste Langl. ^xiii. 
109 ; strif and cheste [cheestej Ch. C. t. / 
556 ; chost P. S. 151 ; MiRC 338. 

oheo, see ohek. 

oh6f, sb. & adj., 0,Fr. chd, chief; chief, ROB. 
74, 212 ; Man. (F.) 940; chief Bek. 1003. 
ohief-oit§, sb., chief city, P. L. s. xiiL 42. 
oheef-mete, sb., / chief meat^ Langl. A vii. 
281. 
ohtf-Btiward, sb., chief steward,V^lLL,'^Z^i. 

ohef» see cha£ 

ohdfElarey see chdap&re, under ohfiap. 

cheine, see chaine. oheisil, see ohaisel. 

oheky sb., OJ^r, eschec ; check, PR. P. 71 ; ohek 
mat check mate s. A. L. 213 ; Ch. Tro. ii. 
754 ; ohekkes (pL) defeats Trey. III. 231 ; 
ohes [0,Fr. eschecs] chess, Ch. d. Bl. 619 ; 
plaie ate ches ayenb. 52. 

cheke, see ohdake. 

ohdkeful, -lew, see under oh6oke. 

oheker, at., 0,Fr. eschekier ; chess-board; ex- 
chequer ; ayenb. 45; escheker Fl. & Bl. 345; 
esscheker [v. r. cheker] Langl. A iv. 26. 

ohekered, adj., checkered, PR. P. 72. 

ohekkm, v., check, PR. p. 72 ; oheke (pres,) 
Langl. Cxxi. 287. ^ j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IM 



ch^lde. 



bhdr. 



chdlde^ sffi' k^lde, chele, see cheole. 
chelQ, sb., 0,E, cele, ciele, cyle,cile m,; cold, 
c&oincss, HOM, I. 33; LA3. 3081 1 ; Orm. 
161s; MISC. 73; Rob. 7; spec, no; ayenb. 
75 ; p. s. 256 ; Gow. II. 369; Langl. A\, 
25; Trev. 1, 135; nowYer heate ne chele 
Kath. 1701 ; in )?c norj)half . . . no man ne 
wone}? for chele TkEAT. 137 ; chele, chule, 
p, L, s, viii, 100, 1 iS ; chile Brd. 3. 
cbelle, sb., O.E. cille, cyWty^ O.H,G. chella; 

r^/2x^r, HOM. L 193. 

chemene, ddmenee, sb., O.Fr, cheminee ; 
chimney, furnace, Ck.Ct.A 3776 ; chimenee 
Langu (Wr.J 5803; chimnei WiCL. Mat. 
xiii- 42. 

ohomise, sb., O.Fr. chemise; chemise^ rel. 
I, 129 (hom. 1L 163). 
ch^lLB, see cMne. 
[oli6oke-, ohdke-^ stem ^/oh^oken.] 

ch6ke-, Ghokeful, adj., choke-full^ D. Arth. 
ISS2, 3604. 

ch6ke, -ch6k©-l©w, adj., apt to choke : stelthe 
is medid with a cheklew \y. r. chokelew, 
chekelew] bane Halliw. 243. 
cb^okeQf v., choke \ chekin * suffoco^ PR. P. 
72; cheke H. s. 3192; oh6ke (pres, subj,) 
TowKL. 91 ; chokode (/r^r/.) Trev. IV. 139 ; 
comp. a-cb^oken. 

cheole, sb., iXE. ceo[ey=M,Du. keie, 0,I/,G. 
chela ; throat i martres cheole P. L. S. viii. 182 ; 
herte him . , , on Jjg chel(e) Fer. 3194. 
cheorl^ sb., O.E. ceorl, = Ger. kerl, mod, 
En^. churl ; hmbandman^ rustic^ churl, 
fiiiow, FRAG. 2 ; La^, 4260 ; MISC. 108 ; ))ene 
chcorl A. R. 86 ; clipe |}inne cheorl. (^iAy^a«^ 
John iv. 16; ched ['rusticus'] WiCL. wjsd. 
xvii. 16; Orm. 14788; gen. & ex. 2715; 
AYENB. 76; Alis. 5598; Will. 4.; Iw. 268; 

Ch. C* t. D 2182 ; >e cherl is def SPEC ill ; 

a gret cherl Langl. Ay, 204; cherl, chorl 

PL. cr. 221 ; chorl LiDG. M. P. 182 ; oheorles 

[chorles], cherles (gen,) O. & N. 512, 1494; 

oheorles [pi.) John iv. 18 ; ))a eorles & ba 

sweines & [ja cheorles Laj. 1 1904; chorles 

A. P. ii. 1258; cherles [^seryi^] Trev. III. 

415; J^ine cherles ))ine hine Hav. 620; 

cheorlen {dat. pi.) Laj. 21536 ; cf, carl. 
oh&ri-lioh, adj., belonging to a husbandman 

or rmtic \ cberl(lj!che travel WiCL. ECCLUS. 

xxvii. 7. 
oheorliBoh, adj., 0,E, ceorlisc ; churlish, 

rustic \ cherlish W JCL. ECCLUS. vii. 16. 
cheosGti, v.^ Q.E. c^osBXif^ OJ^.G, kiosan, 

kiesan, keosan, 0,N, kiosa, 0,Fris, kiasa, 

tiiesa, Goth, kiusan, 0,H,G. chiusan, chiosan ; 

choose^ disiinguish, LA5. 15147 ; Kath. 1894 ; 

A, R. 242; SPEC 62; cheose O. & N. 1343; 

Horn (R,) 666 ; Alis. 1659; chiesen hom. 

L 219; chiese avenb. 86 ; cesen Sax. chr. 

250; chesen Orm. 9218; gen. & ex. 3429; 

M. T» 92 ; \uX men mouthe ... a pen! chesen 



(disctrn) Hav. 2147 ; chesin PR. P. 73 ; chese 
Langl. B xv. 38 ; PR. c 79 ; Charles het 
Richard chuse his kni3tes Fer. 4367; 
chSose'S {pres>j H. M. 39; chiest ayenb. 
126; chest Shor. 109; (hi) chiese J> ayenb. 
45 ; oh§o8 (imperat.) A. R. 102 ; ches [chees] 
Ch. C. t. a 1595 ; chus Marg. 103 ; oheas 
(pret,) John vi. 70; H. M. 15 ; ayenb. 77 \ 
chaes LA3. 12175; Orm. 2541 ; ches Mand. 
2 ; PR. c 2132 ; Perc 1207 ; Amad. (R.) 
xlvi ; and his weig ¥e^n ches (took) gen. & 
ex. 2736 ; such strengbe he him )k) dies C L. 
1317 ; chalkwhit(e) chimnees })er ches (^- 
cemed) he ino^e Gaw. 798 ; chees WiCL. John 
XV. 16 ; Ch. C. t. -E2148; j>u chiure Marh. 
19; (heo) curen [chosen] LA5. 6889; cusen 
Sax. CHR. 250; chosen gen. & ex. 543 ; Hav. 
372 ; Langl. ^ prol. 31 ; Mand. 225 ; chose 
Bek. 1986 ; s. A. L. 5 ; o6ren (pple.) Laj. 
16358 ; koren Bev. 770 ; com Am. & Amil. 
1 431 ; core Ed. 4317 ; com, chosen PS. xvii. 
27 ; cosen Sax. chr. 250 ; chosen Orm. 
9623 ; Mand. 225 ; cotnp. ^e-oheosen ; deriv, 
cost, cure, ouste, ohuse. 
oheosere, sb., chooser; oheoserBy chesers 
(pL) Trev. V. 309. 

ohdBeresse, sb., {female) chooser^ WiCL. 
wiSD. viii. 4. 
chesunge, sb., choosing^ hom. II. 19 ; chie- 
zinge ayenb. 42. 

oheowen, v., (^.-fi'.ceowan {pret.cesLVf),^O.H. 
G, chiuwan (pret. chou), 0.N, tyggva, tyggja 
(/r^/.t6gg); cheWf eat, devour; chiewe ayenb. 
Ill; chewen (ms, chewwenn) Orm. 1241 ; 
chewe hom. II. 183 ; upon J)e bridel chewe 
Gow. I. 334 ; late hem chewe as |)ei chose 
LANGL.^xviii.199; al bat tu oheowest (pres,) 
H. M. 35,; cheoweS, cneouwe^ A. R. 80, 84 ; 
chitte&cheowe^ {printed c^to^e^) ]>e H. M. 
31 ; chewef Ch. C. t. A 3690 ; chewi^ code 
WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 6 ; bestes ))at chewen not 
her code Mand. 20 ; chewe {subj,) Mirc 255 ; 
comp, to-oheowen ; deriv, cheu. 
ohdwinge, sb., chewing, PR. P. 74 ; ayenb. 
III. 
ohep, see ohSap. 
ohepen, v., 0.E, cepan, cypan ; sell; oh§ptan 

{pret,) Mk. xi. 15. 
oher, sb., 0,E. cerr, cierr, cyrr m,^ cf O.H,G, 
cher m,, chera/, MJ.,G, kereyC, mod,Eng, 
chare {turn of work) ; turn, act of turnings 
occasion, time; piece of work, job ; one cherre 
A. R. 314; sum chearre Jul. 41 ; don a char 
p. s. 341 ; cherre {dot,) Bev. 3461 ; at )^(n) 
latere cherre Laj. 8356 ; makeden hine ]»ridde 
charre {for the third time) king 6844 ; et one 
cherre A. R. 324 ; at ane chere H. M. 23 ; )»e 
him de^ . . . wiken & cherres {pL) HOM. I. 
137 ; charres Gaw. 1674 ; charis Townl. 106 ; 
com,p, 3ein-ohar. 

Cher, adj., OJ^r. cher, chier; dearx a most 
cheere hinde WiCL. prov. v. 19. 



Digitized by 



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chdr. 



chevese. 



"5 



ohSre-liehe, adv., dearly^ PL. CR. 582; 

cherli WILL. 62. 
cherohe, see ohtreohe. 
ohere, sb., 0,Fr. chere, chiere, mod.Eng. 

cheer ; countenance^ Marh. 3 ; Misc. 40 ; 

Brd. 6 ; PR. c 1636 ; cheere * vultus * PR. P. 

72 ; makien him glede chere A. R. 190 ; wi)) 

rijt a merie chere [cheere] Ch. C. t. ^ 857 ; 

chiere AYENB. 155. 
cheriy sb., O.Fr, cerise, IM, cerasum ; cherry ^ 

PR. P. 72 ; ohirieB (//.) Langl. A vi. 296. 

cheri-fbirey sb., cherry-fair^ Gow. I. 19; 

Udg. m. p. 231. 

eheri-ston, sb., cherry-stone^ PR. P. 72. 

cheri-time, sb., cherry-time^ Langl. jffv. 

161. 

cheri-tre, sb., cherry -tree ^ voc 181 ; chiritree 

Pall. iii. 1147. 
cherin, v., 0,Fr, cherer ; cheer^ ^hilaroy PR. 

P. 72 ; chdrid {pple) WiCL. Ruth iii. 7. 
oheriBsen, v., Fr, cherir; cherish \ chersin 

PR. p. 73 ; cherisohe [cherisse] (imper^ Ch. 

0,1. E 1388 ; oherisohed {pple,) A. p. ii. 

543. 
oherlBsins, sb., cherishing^ Langl. Cv. 

112 ; cherisshinge PALL. x. 24. 
cherl, see oheorL 
oherre, see oher. 
oherren, v., O.E. cerran, cirran,=(7.Z.C 

keran, O.Fris. kera, O.H.G. cherran {pret. 

cherta); tum\ chearre JUL. 33; charre Map 

348 ; wi^ wives and childre ¥e¥en charen 

GEN. & EX. 1712; chare H. s. 2062; charin 

a wai turn away PR. P. 70 ; LUD. Cov. 325 ; 

eharre (pres.) Gaw. 1678 ; hwan ic a^en 

cherrc HOM. L 79; churreji REL. L 172; 

eher (imper,) me from sunne hom. L 215 ; ne 

cherre he ongean Mk. xiii. 16 ; chearren Kath. 

2261 ; cherde (pret.) O. & N. 1658 ; cherde, 

chaerde, charde LA3. 7234, 28744, 31354; 

cherden [charden] . . . ajein Marh. 3 ; 

chirden (ms. chyrden) Lk. xxiii. 56 ; charde 

a. p. i. 607 ; comp, bi-, ^e-oherren. 
6heryell6,sb., a£'.cerfille,^J/X.(7.kervele, 

0,H,G, diervola; from hat, caerefolium; 

chervil^ PR. p. 73; oherveles [chervelles] 

(//.) Langl. Bs\. 296. 
eherwin, v., * torqueoy PR. P. T^, 

ehervinge, sb., ' torcio^ PR. p. 73. 
ohes, see chek. 
ohese, sb., O.E, cese, cystyfrom Lat, caseus ; 

cheesCy HAV.643; Mand. 272; E. G. 356; he 

binde^ uppon )^ swike chese & bret hine 

HOM. L 53; chese [chise] Trev. L 405. 
ohdae-boUe, sb., poppy^ ^papaver^ PR. P. 

73 ; chesbolle voc 190. 
ch§a-fitt,sb., 0.E, cysefet ; cheese-vcU^ voc. 

202. 

ohese-kake, sb., cheese-cakcy PR. p. 73. 
ohdB-lSpe, sb., cheese-basket^ voc. 222. 

I 



ohSs-lippe, sb., 0,E. cyslybb, }=M,H.G. 

kaeseluppe ; ,rennet, voc 202. 
ohesel, see ohisel. chdsen, see ohSosen. 
chesible, sb., O, Fr, chesuble, chasuble ; 

chasuble^ PR. P. 73 ; chesibles (pi.) Langl. 

^vi. 12. 
oheson, sb., for aohesdn; cause, account, 

S. s. (Wr.) 680 ; chesoun Alis. 3930. 
oheste, see chiste. ohestey see chSaste. 
ohesteine, see ohasteine. 
ohestre, sb., 0,E. ceaster, Lat, castrum ; city, 
fortified town, ^civitas,* frag. 4; Mat. v. 

35 ; Orm. 8479 ; Chestre Chester P. L. S. xiii. 

27. 
ohete, sb., 0,E, cetc, cyte; fcell', hende as 

hake in chete spec 31. 
ohSte, sb., for esohSte*; confiscation, pr. p. 

73. 

ohetely see catel. 
ohetel, sb., 0,E, cetel; cyt^, c\X&\,^0,Fris, 

ketel, szetel, tsetel, 0.N, ketill, 0,H,G, chezil, 

Goth, katils ; kettle, ' cacabus,' FRAG. 4 ; JUL.' 

54; chetil w. & I. 23; ketil, chetil PR. P. 

273; ketel ^iebes* ps. evil 10; oheteles 

[ketels] ipl,) WiCL. lev. xi. 35. 
ketel-hat, sb., helmet, ^pelHris^ PR. P. 273 ; 

ketille-hatte M. Arth. 3516; ketelle-hates 

(pi.) 2993. 
oheten, v., f 0.N, kata ; console, cheer i hi hit 

ohete'S (pres,) & blissi^ ROM. L 233. 
ohetinge, sb., for each Hinge; escheating, 

* confiscacio,* PR. P. 73. 
ohetour, sh,, for esohetonr, O.Fr, eschetour ; 

escheator, * confiscatory PR. P. 73. 
chdt$en, see cu9Se. 
cheUy sb., from ohSowen ; act of chewing : 

wurmene cheu HOM. IL 121 ; chest & chew 

(printed cYie:^) HOM. IL 13; comp. ^e^hdu. 
oheyaohie, sb., O.Fr, chevauchie ; expedition 

on horseback', cheuache Ch. compl. M. 144; 

chivachie Ch. C. T. ^"85. 
cheyaler, sb., OJ^r. chevaler; chevalier', 

chlvaler Lanol. ^xviii. 99. 
oheyaleriey 0,Fr, chevalerie ; chivalry, chr. 

E. 225 ; chevalrie [chivakie] Ch. C. t. A 45. 
cheyalrons, adj., OJ^r, chevalereus ; chival- 
rous, D. Arth. 3604. 
oheyaunoe, sb., O.Fr, chevanee ; gain, profit, 

Gow. IL275. 
oheyely see ohayeL 
oh^yen, v., 0,Fr. chevir; attain an end, 

succeed; happen; be subject ; cheeven Langl. 

A PROL. 31 ; cheve Bek. 856; oh6ye (pres, 

subj,) Degr. 465 ; see oheyise. 
oheyesailey sb., O.Fr, cheve^aille; necklace, 

R. R. 1081. 
oheyese, sb., O.E, cefes, cyfes, cyfese, = 0,H,G, 

chebisa,chebis; concubine, Marh. 3; chevese, 

chivese Laj. 384, 6356. ^ t 

% Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Tl6 



chevese. 



chimbe. 



oheireB-boren, adj., born of a concubine^ 
LA?* 4334. 

eheyetain, sb., 0,Fr, chevetain; chieftcdn^ 
Smor. 113 ; Man. {F.) 9779; chevetein Bek. 
25 1 ; Will. 3379 ; see capitain. 

chevise, v.^ O. Fr^ cheviss-, chevir, see che- 
ven ; pri}aire^ obtain; succeed; help, profit \ 
Ch. com PL. M- 3S9; chevisin ^provideo* PR. 
p. 74 ; diewiae {imper.) D. Arth. 1750 ; 
cheveeed {f>ph\) ALEX.' (Sk.) 966. 

chevissance, sb*, 0,Fr. chevissance; agree- 
ment, hijri^itin, Ch. C. T. B 1519. 

chew, chewen, see ohSu, oheowen. 

cMbolle, sb-, O.Fr, ciboulle; smalt onton, 
PR. P. 74 ; chiboUes {pi.) Langl. ^ vi. 296. 

Ohiehe, sb.^ (.?./>. chiche, Lat. cicer {f mod, 
Eng, chick- pc.-ise) ; vetch^ Pall. iv. 57; 
ohichia (//.) Wicl. 2 kings xvii. 28. 

ebiche, adj., O.Fr. chiche; parst'momouSf R. R. 
55S8; A. p. i, 604, 

ChJclieBtre,pr. n.^ O.F. Ciceaster; Chichester, 
Rob, 2 ; Cicestre MISC. 145. 

chide, sb., O.F.. (ge)cid ; contention, Map 342. 

chidaUt v., O.E. cidan ; chide, contend, Laj. 
3 149 ; GES\ & EX* 2722 ; to chiden agen oni 
scold KEL. 1, 1B3; chidan hom. I. 113; chidin 
"■contindo' PR- p. 74; chide O. & N. 287; 
AVENB. 67 ; Langl. A iv. 39; p. 51 ; chist 
{prts.s J^u . . , me chist o. & N. 1331 ; chide^ 
A. R. 198; chide^, chit H. M. 31, 39; chit 
. . . wil^ gDcle HOM. I, 103 ; chid O. & N. 
1533; cMdde {pret,) O. & N. 112; ROB. 
390; Ch. C. T. j4 3999; ))is holi man him 
chidde p, L. s. xvii. 414; chidden ^ litigabant* 
WiCL. John vi. 53; gen. & ex. 1927; hi 
chidde BiiK* 1910; chidde (pple,) Ar. & 
Mer. 7237. 

chidere, sb.^ Mder; chidar PR. P. 74; 
cblderes ip/.} LaKGL. BxvL 43. 
chideresee, sb., ckider (/em.), R. R. 1 50, 4265. 

ohldeetevGt5h.,Mder(/em.),CH,C.T,£i$sS' 
chiding, sb., O.E, cidung ; chiding, ayenb. 
30; Trev, 1L 97. 

chiera, ^e^ chere. ohieseiiy see oheoaen. 
ohikeii, sb., O.E. cicen, ciccen Mat. xxiii. 37*, 

cyccn voc 63, cf, M.L,G. kiiken, kuken; 

chicken^ ^puifus^' FRAG. 3; chekin PR. p. 

74 ; cMkene f //.) Mat. xxiii. 37 ; leb. Jes. 

439 ; chikenes fchiknes] Ch. C. t. A 380. 
ohlon&-mete, sb., O.E, cicenamete; f chick- 

wecd^ FRAG. 3 ; chikne mete REL. I. 37. 
chekin- wed, sb., chickweed, PR. p. 74. 
chikkin, v., f produce chickens; ^pullulo^ 

PR. p, 74. 
ohilce, J/Y c^ildse. 
0hUdt sb., O.E. clid,^O.L.G., O.Fris. kind, 

OM,G, chind, cliint; child. Mat. ii. 9; hom. 

I* 37; L^^3* 29s; j>at child o. & N. 1463; 

Rob. 10- |>ei child ayenb. 84; )>at worbi 

child Will. 541 ; ohildes (gen.) Orm. 8056; 



it is no childes plei Ch. C. t. ^ 1530 ; ehUds 
(,dat.) GEN. & EX. 966; ))er hvile \et hi 
is mid childe (pregnant) ayenb. 224; wi^ 
childe gon spec 82; ohild (//.) Mat. xxi. 
15; childre hom. I. 73; LA5. 5317; Orm. 
8005 ; GEN. & EX. 715 ; Alis. 4638 ; PL. CR. 
756; Tor. 2643; childere LUD. Cov. 30; 
childre, children hom. II. 17, 19; O. & N. 
631; children hom. I. 7; A. R. 334; Bek. 
24; Mand. 249; childre (gen. pi.) hom. 
I. 7; childrene Laj. 15563; A. R. 422; 
childrene, children Hav. 449 ; (ms. chyldren) 
Mat. xxi. 16 ; Langl. A iv. 103 ; ohildon, 
childen (dat. pi.) Mat. xiv. 21, xv. 38; 
children La^. 12992 ; comp. on^ve-, moder-, 
steop-ohild. 

child-bed, sb., childbed, HOM. II. 47; li)» 
... a childbedde Rob. 379. 

ohild-bering, sb., child-bearing, WiCL. GKN. 
XXV. 24. 

ohild-gered, adj., childish-mannered, Gaw. 
86. 

child-hede, sb., O.E. cildhad; childkoodj 
AYENB. 82; childhftde (dat.) Mk. ix. 21 ; 
Kath. 79 ; childhade (ms. -haden) [childhode] 
La^. 20312; childhode A. R. 314; childhede 
GEN. & EX. 2652 ; Ch. C. t. B 1691. 

childish, adj., O.E. cildisc, cf. O.H.G. chind- 
isc; childish, Langl. ^xv. 145. 

child-lea, adj., childless, GEN. & EX. 930; 
childlaes Orm. 2312. 

children-15B, adj., without children, Trey. 
I. 183. 

ohild-li, Vi<d].,childlike, *puerilis,*WlCL. ToB. 
i. 4 ; Gow. II. 228 ; HOCCL. i. 64. 
childin, v., = O.H.G. chindon ; bring forth 
(children), ^pario,* PR. P. 74; J>e shaf . . . 
^in wif an sune childen Orm. 156; childi 
AYENB. 224; childe Alis. 604; ohildide 
(pret.) WiCL. GEN. iv. i ; childed Parten. 
1 157; childed (pple.) Mand. 133. 

ohildinge, sb., child-bearing, WiCL. GEN. 
XXV. 24 ; childing Alis. 623 ; Gow. 1. 69; a M. 
1 1059 ; |>urh hire child))inge [chil^inge] MISC. 
158, 159. 
ohildse, sb., f puerility; idelnesse and chilce 
p. L. S. viii. 7 (hom. II. 220 ; I. 288 ; MISC 58). 
chile, see chele. 

ohilindre, sb., Fr. cylindre ; cylinder, Ch. C. 
T. ^1396. 

Chillin, v., }=Du. killen, M.Du. kilden ; chill, 
be cold, PR. P. 75 ; chillande (pple.) D. Arth. 
2965 ; chilled (pret.) A. P. iii. 368. 

chillinge, sb., cf. Du. killing; chilling^ 
PR. P. 75 ; Langl. B\\. 313 (Wr. 4424). 
chimbe, sb., cf. MX.G., M.Du. kimme ; edge^ 
brink : the streem of lif nou droppe)> on J>c 
chimbe Ch. C. t. A 3895. 
chimbe, chime, sb., cymbal, c M. 12193; 
chime PR. P. 75 ; chimbes (pi.) PS. cL 5 ; 
Man. (F.) 1 1387. 



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chimben. 



cMse. 



117 



Cbimbeily v^ <f. Swed. kimba, Dan, kime; 

chime ; chimbe Ch. C. t. A 3896 ; chimin PR. 

p. 75 ; chime Gow. II. 13. 
chimblen, v., O.N. kimbla ; bind up, bundle : 

ehimbled (iple.) over hir blake chin with 

milkqvite vailes Gaw. 958. 
chiine»^^^ohimbe. ohimenee, j^^ ohemenS. 
chin, sb., O.E, cin, voc. 43, cinn fm, (men- 

tum)j cf. M,L,G, kin, kinne m, «., M,Du. 

kinne, 0,N, kinn (gena), Goth, kinnus / 

(crury«F), O.H.G. chinni «., LaL gena, Gr, 

yiwt f, ; chin, ^mentumi VOC. 146, 183, 207 ; 

PR. P. 75 ; Mand. 107 ; fane chin LA3. 8148 ; 

ohinne (i/o/.) hom. I. 35 ; o. & N. 96 ; treat. 

139 ; Trev. I. 257 ; swor bi his chinne LA5. 

18764; J)et nimf Jwme viss bi )>e )>rote and bi 

)>e chinne ayenb. 50. 
ohinche, adj., / OJ^r, chinche ; stingy, ^per- 

parcusy PR. p. 75 ; s. S. (Web.) 1244 ; Hav. 

1763 {the rime requires chiche). 
chinoherie, sb., ^ parcimonia,* PR. P. 75. 
ehinohm, v., be stingy^ ^perparceo^ PR. P. 

75. 
oMne, sb., 0,Fr, eschine; chine, backbone, 

^ spina,* PR. p. 75; Alis. 3245; D. Arth. 

3390. 
ohiney sb., 0,E. emu,— M,Du. kene, mod.Eng, 

chine (/« local names); from chinen ', fissure, 

crack, deft, Parten. 4343; chine, chene 

^hiatus'\ Trev. 1. 233,41 5; Langl. Cxxi.287; 

chene Pall. i. 450; chines (//.) ^ scissuras^ 

WICL. Is. ii. 21 ; chinis Ber. 2353; chines, 

kmes Man. (F.) 1720, 13976; comp, erS- 

dhine. 
cbinen, v., 0,E, (to)crnan, = 0,L,G, kinan, 

Goth, keinan, 0,H,G. chinan ; split, burst open 

(intrans,) : J)at make]> heorte chinen Misc. 73 ; 

chine Fer. 212 ; Pall. vi. 199 ; chineS (pres.) 

HOM. II. 199; )>et gles ne breke^ ne chined 

I- 83 ; be com . , . chineth leb. Jes. 564 ; ohftn 

ipret,) Alis. 2228 ; de)) her hert(e) chon Ar. 

& Mer. 7764 ; chined (pple,) L. H. R. 142 ; 

comp, to-ohinen ; deriv. ohine. 
chippe, sb., / O.E, cipp (dentate) ; chip, ^assula,* 

PR. P. 75 ; chippes (pi.) Gow. I. 106 ; Ch. 

C. t. a 3748. 
ohippen, v.,=M.Du, kippen; fchip (with a 

hatchet, &*c.); chippe ^dolare* Cath. 64; 

Halliw. 250. 

ohippinge, sb., chipping, piece, PR. P. 75. 
ohireche, sb., 0,E, cirice, cyrice, = 0,L,G, 

kirika, kerika, O.N, kirkja, 0,H,G. chiricha, 

ffrom. Gr. Kvpiaicfi (€KK\rj<ria) ; church; circe 

Sax. CHR. (£.) 262; La^. 26140; rel. I. 

129 ; chirche, churche A. R. 22, 28 ; o. & N. 

608 ; chereche Misc. 31 ; cherche ayenb. 7 ; 

Gow. I, 63 ; kirke, chirche Langl. B vi. 93, 

^ vii. 34; kirke Orm. 3531; Hav. 36; 

ohireohfiii (//.) La^. 20971 ; chirchen CHR. 

£• 933 ; churchen Bbk. 1414 ; comp, heved- 

ohixohe. 



ohirohe-olotSes, sb., church vestments, a. r. 
420. 

ohireohe-dure, sb., church-door, hom. I. 
73 ; Misa 151 ; kirkedure, Orm. 1327. 

kirke-fl5r, sb., church floor, Orm. 9015. 

chirch-gang, sb., church-going; churching 
(of women), HOM. II. 47; chirchegong gen. 
& EX. 2465 ; Rob. 380. 

chirche-^eard, sb., churchyard, A. R. 318* ; 
chirche^ard LEG. 153 ; church3erd Bek. 2217; 
kirkegaerd Orm. 15254. 

cliipeche-gri}>, sb., (?.£". ciricgri^; sanctuary 
of the church, Laj. 22322 ; chirchegri^ A. R. 
174. 

ohirohe-hai, sb., churchyard, ^ coemeterium,* 
voc 178 ; Ar. & Mer. 6738 ; chirchhai Mirc 
330* ; chirchhei E, w. 26 ; ohlrcheie (dat.) A. 
R. 318. 

chirohe-hawe, sb., churchyard, s. s. (Web.) 
2625 ; Trev. V. 65 ; e. w. 81 ; Ch. C. t. / 964 ; 
chirchau e. w. 80. 

chirohe-keiy sb., church key, Gow. I. 10, 12. 

ehirio-lond, sb., church-land, Laj. 14855. 

ohirohe-reaft sb., robbery of churches; 
chirchereve Ch. C. t. D 1307. 

ohirohe-Bong, sb., 0,E, cyricsang; church 
song, o, & n. 984. 

ohiroh-sdcne, sb., O.E, ciricsocn ; parish, 
hom. II. Sp^ 

cheroh-toiin, sb., O.E, cirfctun ; churchyard, 
AYENB. 41. 

chirche-wardeiny sb., churchwarden, £. G. 
145. 

ohirche-weorOy sb., church work, hom. I. 

31- 

chirohe-wioe, sb., ojjice of the church : )>e 
landes }>at lien to ^ oiroe wioan (dat, pi,) 
Sax. CHR. 263. 
chirohiiiy v., church (women), 'punfico,' PR. 

p. 75. 

chiriy see cheri. 
chirkin, v.,. creak, twitter, ' strideo, sibilo^ 

PR. P. 76 ; ohirkej? (pres,) as a sparwe Ch. 

C. t. D 1804 ; see oharkiA. 
chirking, sb., screaming, Ch. C. t. A 2004. 
chirm, sb., 0,E, cirm, cyrm ; noise^ shouting ; 

ohirme (dat^ o, & N. 305. 
chirmen, v., 0,E, cyrman, cirman,=J/.Z?«. 

kermen, MX,G, kermen, karmen; cry out, 

shout, A. R. 152; chirmed (pret,) Parten. 

878 ; comp, bi-chermen. 
chime, sh,,= M,I>u. kerae ; churn, PR. P. 76 ; 

kime voc 202. 
chimen, v,,=M,Du, kernen; chum; chirne 

PR. P. 76. 
ohirpen, v., chirp. 
ohlrpinge, sb., chirping, 'garritus,' PR. P. 

76. 
chise, see ohSfle. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ii8 



chisel. 



cirpumstance. 



chisel, sb., 0,E, cisel, ceosel,=J/.Z?«^. kesel, 

0,H,G. chisili ; pebbles^ shingUy ^sabulum,^ PR. 

P. 76 ; cheselis (//.) LUD. Cov. 56 ; comp. 

sand-chisel, 
ehiflely sb., 0,Fr. cisel; chisel^ pr. p. 76; 

Shor. 137. 
Chiste, sb., 0,E. cist, cyst, cest,= O.A';, O.H.G, 

kista, ffrom Lat, cista ; rA^^/, ^<7;r, * area sive 

sarcophagus^ Trev. II. 307; BEk. 2458; 

chiste [cheste] Ch.C. t.Z>3I7; cheste ^loculus' 

FRAG. 3 ; ha cheste Lk. vii. 14 ; ane cheste 

LA3. 27858; chiste, kiste (dat,) Hav. 222, 

2018; kiste Perc. 2109. 
chiteren, [chitren], v., chatter^ Ch. C. t. 

6^ 1397 ; chitre Gow. IL 318. 
ohiteringe, sb., chiiterin^y Tkey . II, 159; 

chitering WiCL. deut. xvni. 10. 
Chitirlingy sb., chitterling, pr. p. 76. 
Chitte, sb., cf, L.G. kitte, H,G. kitze ; whelp, 

'catulusi voc. 177; chittes (//.) \^catulos'\ 

WiCL. Is. xxxiv. 15. 
chiyaohe, see ohevaohie. 
chiy aleryChivalrie, j^ehevaler, ehevalerie. 
chiyelen, v., f shiver, tremble ; his chekes . . . 

|)ei chiveled (pret, pL) for elde Langl. Bw, 

193 ; iohiveled (pple.) for elde Cvii. 200. 
ohiverin, v., shiver, quake, PR. p. 76; chiveren 

[chiverin] in ise R, s. v (misc. 177) ; chlvere 

& schake L. H. R. 144 ; ohivered (pret.) LEG. 

165 ; cheverid (pple,) for chele D.ARTH.3391. 
cho^e, sb., O.E, ceo ; chough ; choghe Ch. p. 

r. 345; chouje ^monedula' voc. 177 ; chou^he 

Trev. IV. 307 ; choughe PR. 1>. 57 ; cho3en 

ipl.) P. L. S. xvii. 185 ; ))e crowes and the 

cnoughes Mand. 59. 
ohois, sb., O.Fr. chois; choice, Rob. in; 

Trev. IV. 385. 

chols-li, adv., choicely, Will. 1753. 
ohdken, see chicken. 
Ohol, sb., f double chin; his chin wij> a chol 

lollede so greet as a gos ei PL. CR. 444. 
oholdy see o61d. 
Chop, sb., blow, knock, dispute ; ohoppes (pL) 

Langl. Cxi. 275 (A x. 187). 
Ohoppen, v., }=^M,Du, koppen ; chop, hew, 

strike: )>eiohoppen (/rtf/.)aJlef>ebodiinsmale 

peces Mand. 201 ; chop (imper,) Langl. A 

lii. 253 ; choppid (pple.) d. Arth. 1026. 
chopping, sb., striking, fighting, Langl. 

B\\. 167. 

chost, see oh§aste. chou^ey see ohd3e. 
ohoul, see ohavel. 
Ohucken, v., chuckle, boast: he chukketh 

(pres.) whan he hath a com ifounde Ch. C. 

T. iff 4372. 
Ohuffe, ohoffe, sb., clown, ^rusticusj PR. p. tj. 
Ohuffer, sb., f boaster, Townl. 216. 
ohnfQugy sb., f boasting, Orm. 121 77. 
chullen, v., f drive ; and chiiUes (pres,) him 



as men don a balle Halliw. 249; chased to 
daie and chulled (pple.) as hares D. Arth. 1444. 

ohurohey^^^chireche. ohtirren,^^^oherreiL 

ohiise, adj., / O.E. cys, cIs, from ohgosen ; 
elegant; fond, loving : ))at was chusc [chise] 
of )>e childe Alis.* 49 ; gent ich wes ant chis 
REL. I. 123; ))e ladi is of lemon chis Aus. 
f Web.) 3294 ; knightis . . . chosin ful chise 
(pi.) LUD. Cov. 180. 
chis-li, adv., A. P. ii. 543, 

chusen, see cheosen. 

oioatrice, sb., Fr. cicatrice; dcatrix, scar, 
Pall. iii. 51. 

ciolatoim, sb.,cf.Span. ciclaton; a sort of gar- 
ment or stuff, HiCKES I. 225 ; Ch. C. t. B 
1924; ischrud mid hwite cidatime HOM. 1. 193. 

oiole, sb., Fr. cycle ; (ycle, TreV. V. 377. 

oioonie, sb., stork,V^iCL. Jer. viii. 7 ; sikoniee 
(pi.) Mand. 45. 

oider, see sider. 

oimbale, sb., Lat. cymbalum ; cymbal ; sim- 
balePR. P. 456; olmbalis (pi.) WiCL. 2 kings 
yi.5. 

oimenty sb., O.Fr. ciment ; cement, Pall. i. 

449; siment Wicl. gen. xi. 3. 
cinamomey sb., Fr. cinnamome, Lat. dnna- 

momum ; cinnamon^ Ch. C. t. A 3699 ; dna- 

mum PR. p. 78. 
oindre, sb., fFr. cendre ; cinder; oindres (pL) 

Mand. ioi ; see sinder. 
oink, sb., O.Fr. cine (five) ; cinque (ports) ; 

sink pore Rob. 515. 
oinopery see sinopir. 
oipres, sb., OJ^r. cipres; cypress, ayenr 131 ; 

c. M. 1377. 

civv^'tc%^sh.,cypress'tree, WiCL. s. SOL. L 13. 

oipres, sh., fine gauge, Langl. B xv. 224. 

ciroe, see ohireche. 

cirouit, sb., circuit, C«. C. T. A 1887. 

cipoumcaden, v., Lat. circumcldere ; circum- 
cise, WiCL. gen. xvii. II ; WiCL. S. W. I. 335. 

circumoiB, pple., Lat. circumcisus ; drcum- 
cised, GEN. & EX. 999. 

oiroumoise, sb., circumcisionyGmn.Sc ex. 2847. 

oircumcise, v., circumcise, c m. 2668; cir- 
cumcised (pple.) GEN. & EX. 1200. 
circumcising, sb,, act of circumcision, c M. 
2681. 

oircumoisidn, sb., LcU. drcumcisio, cf. Fr, 
circumcision ; circumcision, HOM. I. 83 ; • GEN. 
& EX. 991 ; WiCL. Rom. iii. i ; s. W. I. 335 ; 
PR. P. 78, 456. 

circumferencey sb., LcU. drcumferentia, cf 
Fr. circonfdrence ; circumference, Gow. III. 
90. 

circumscriven, v., Lat. circumscribere ; cir- 
cumscribe, Ch. Tro. v. 1877. 

oirotun8tance» sb., circumstance; olrcuxii* 
staunoes (//.) a. r. 316. 



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Cirencestre. 



clamour. 



119 



Cirenoestre, pr. n., O.E, Cirin-, Cyren- 
ceaster ; Cirencester^ ROB. 2. 

oirurgiany sb., 0,Fr, cirurgien ; surgeoUy Rob. 
566 ; surgien Langl. B xx. 308 ; surgienes, 
surgiens (/>/.) Langl. B xiv. 88, xx. 177*. 

oisar, see sider. 

oifloiire, sb., 0,Fr. cisoires ; scissors, * for/ex,^ 
PR. p. 78. 

oifltemay sb., 0,Fk cisteme; cistern, PR. p. 
67; s. A. L. 136; Mand. 106. 
(dstemessey sb., fit, gen. 8c ex. 1942. 

oitadon, sb., Fr, citation; citation, RoB. 
473. 

cite, sb., Fr, di6 ; dty^ a. r. 228 ; misc 26 ; 
GEN. & EX. 2669 ; Mand. 244 ; Ch. C. t. A 
2701 ; PS. xlv. 5. 

dteien, sb., OJ^r. citeien ; citizen ; citezein 
(Fdtejein) Gow. I. 75 ; oite^ens (pi,) Will. 
3850; cit^enis E. G. 23 ; cileseins Trev. IV. 
129. 

oitenere» sb., dtisen ; dttenere voc. 211. 

oitir-tre» sb., Lot, citrus ; citron, PR. P. 78 ; 
citur tre Pall. viii. 8, xi. 66. 

citole, sb., 0,Fr, citole ; a musicalinstrument, 
Ch. C. t. a 1959. 

dtrmaoiouii, sb., med.Lai, citrinatio; a pro- 
cess in alchemy, Ch. C. T. G 816. 

(dtkiiy sb., OJ^'r, don ; scion, PR. P. 79 ; siouiiB 
(//.) P. L. S. xxxv. 74. 

dve, sb., Fr, cive ; oives (//.) garlic, PR. P. 
78. 

dvilite, sb., O.Fr, oxv^CixXji, from Lat, cIvTlitas, 
mocLEng, civility ; freedom {of a city), citizen- 
ship, WiCL. DEEDS xxii. 28. 

dacke, sb., = M,Du, klacke ; clack (of a mill) ; 
klakke VOC. 180 ; PR. P. 79. 

dacken, v., = M,Du. klacken, 0,N, klaka ; 
clack, gabble ; clake L. C. C. 54 ; )>u olake8(t) 
(presto, & N. 81. 

dsmeiiy v., 0,E, cl3dman,=M,Du, kleemen, 
0,H.G, chleimen ; smear; cleime LiDG. M. P. 
53 ; Pddme (pres.) sacr. 708 ; ddme (imper,) 
Pall, iii. 871 ; deme hit with clai A. p. ii. 312 ; 
demode (pret,) [Winivif] WiCL. EX. ii. 3; 
comp, ^e-cl£men, 

d&ne, adj., 0,E. clane (clean), - OX,G, clene, 
(small), MJDu, dene (snudl, thin, clean), O, 
H,G, chleini (fine, thin) ; clean, pure, chaste : 
cbrae [deanej mon La^. 6290; clene frag. 7 ; 
o. & N. 584 ; GEN. & EX. 605 ; Ch. C. t. A 
504; clene lif HOM. II. 85 ; dene braed Orm. 
1590; clene water Rob. 435 ; of ure sunne 
make us dene HOM. I. 63 ; cleane inwit A. R. 
2; dene, klene, cliene ayenb. 5, 159, 224; 
dane M. T. 206 ; ne mai no roan clene telle 
Bek. 128 ; Vortiger ane hit dude for alle clane 
[deane] La^. 13264 ; bursten hire bondes & 
breken alle dane Jul. 58 ; cldnnere (compar,) 
p. l. s. xxL 98 ; Langl. B xiii. 296 ; ddnneste 
(superlat.) H. M. 43 ; clennest Langl. jff xiv. 43. 



olfin-le^o, sh,, purity, Orm. 4622. 

dAn-lioh, adj., 0,E, claenllc ; cleanly : clcn- 
liche clo))inge ayenb. 216 ; clSnliohe (adv.) 
A. R. 344; Bek. 130; PL. c. 229; denlike 
(ms, dennlike) Orm. 1644 ; clanliche P. L. S. 
XV. 65. 

clAnneBBe, sb., O.E, clsenness; cleanness, 
Orm, 4598 ; -clennesse a. r. 164 ; o. & N. 491 ; 
AYENB. 201 ; castitas J)et is clenesse on Englisc 
HOM. I. 105 ; deannesse H. M. 11 ; clannesse 
Rob. 332. 

ddan-sohipe, sb., purity, H. M. 21. 
cU&nsieny v., O.E, clsensian ; cleanse, purify ; 
densien FRAa7; clensenA.R.314; (w^y.denn- 
senn) Orm. 1126; densi Shor. 50; ayenb. 
137 ; dense Langl. B vi. 106 ; dansi o. & N« 
610 ; clanse Mirc 259 : cldneeS (pres.) hom. 
1.83; ddnaede (^/tf.) HOM. L 237 ; oldnsed 
(pple,) HOM. II. 87; PR. c. 3705; comp. 

dtosunge, sb., 0,E, cl^nsung; cleansing, 

HOM. II. 141 ; (ms. dennsinng) Orm. 15000 ; 

clansinge leg. 99. 
dai, sb., O.E. daeg,= O.Fns, klai, M.L.G, 

klei m.\ clay, rel. IL 210; clay spec. 85; 

Aus. 91 5 ; PR. c. 41 1 ; clei frag. 5 ; * argilla * 

PR. P. 80; Trev. V. 129; Ch. C. t. GSoy ; 

clei3 LEG. 14 ; s. A. L. 178. 
^ del-^lot, sb., clod of clay, FRAG. 5 ; R. s. v. 

(misc. 172). 
dai-daubed, pple.^ daubed with clay, a. p. 

ii. 492. 

dei-pit, sb., clay-pit, PR. P. 80. 
Cle^ adj., clayey, WiCL. ECCLUS. xxii. i. 
olaien^ adj., made of clay, WiCL. Job iv. 9. 
olaim, sb^ 0,Fr, claim; claim, Gow. L 

250. 
claimen, v., 0,Fr, damer, ckumer ; clcum : 

daimen [cleimen] and asken Langl. B xiv. 

259 ; deime)> (pres) he after clobes Will. 

4481 ; deimed (pret.) })eitti quitof fer servise 

Man. (F.) 4548 ; dame Townl. 200. 
dak, sb., O.E, daec (-\e3Ls)y=M.II.G, klac, 

O.N, klakkr ; spot, stain : jif )>at ^e wd juw 

loken fra dake & sake Orm. 9317. 
olakke, see daoke. 
olam, adj., cf, Ger,, Du,, Dan. klam ; sticky, 

* glutinosus, viscosus^ PR. p. 79. 
olam, sb., 0,E. cliim,^ MJDu. kleem; clay; 

dom Langl. A xii, 100. 
olamanoe, sb., med, Lat, damantia ; claim, 

Man. (H.) 186. 
olamerin, v., clamber, climb with hands and 
feet; cluster, crowd; * repto^ PR. p. 79 ; clam- 

berande (pple) cliffes Gaw. 1722; whanne 

ani olambrede (pret) up LEG. 194; dom- 

bred (pple.) so J»ik Gaw. 801. 
olammeiiy v., smear, WiCL. s. w. II. 93. 
clamour, sb., O.Fr. clamor; clamour, Gow. I. 

21 ; Ch. C. t. A 995. 



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I20 



eland. 



danstre. 



oland, sb., 0.N, kland n. ; difficulty ^ calamhy : 

he makede him selven muchel dond LA3. 

11704. 
ol&ne, see dfine. 
clap, sh.y ^M.Du. klap, 0.//.G. chlaph; clap, 

stroke, A. R. I02* ; olappea (pL) Man. (H.) 

175 ; comp. ;ain-, )>onder-olap. 
claper, sb., Fr. clapier; rabbit-burrow \ 

olapers (^/.) R. R. 1405. 
Clappe, sb., ? Ger, klapfe, klaflfe ; clap, noise, 

^strepitus,' PR. P. 79. 
olappe, sh,,=M,Du, klappe, kleppe, M,H.G, 

klaffe ; clapper, clcu:k (of a mill), Ch. C. T. A 

3144; clappe of a miUe PR. P. 79; hold )k>u 

Ji clappe (tongue) Ed. 3357 ; cleppe A. R. 70. 
Olappin, v., O.E. claeppan (leechd. 111.88),= 

0,Fris., O.N. klappa, M,L,G. klappen, 0,H.G, 

chlaphon ; clap, becU, clatter; babble; ^pulso^ 

PR. P. 79 ; clappen to gidre [* complodere *] 

WiCL. JUDG. vii. 19; clappe OCTOV. (W.) 569 ; 

olappe)> (pres.) Shor. 135 ; clappe^ at )>e . . . 

gate Ch. C. t. D 1581; and clappeb as a 

mille /406; what so men clappe (babble) 

or crie ^^965; olappide (pret) D. Arth. 

956 ; olappid (pple,) HOCCL. i. 394 ; comp. 

bi*clappen. 
olapper, sb., c/, L, G. klapper, klepper ; 

clapper, rattle, Gow. II. 13; coppe & claper 

he bare ... as he a mesel ware Trist. 3173 ; 

J)e cleper of )>e melle ayenb. 58. 
olappinge, sb., sounding (of a bell), ^tintilla- 

cio^ PR. P. 79. 

clap-wipe, sb., carrot, ^daucus; voc. 190. 
Clare, sb., O.Fr^ clar^, claret; claret, Hav. 

1728 ; Launf. 344 ; claret PR. P. 79 ; clarre 

Ch. C. t^ 1471. 
Claretee, sb., O.Fr, clart^ ; brightness, light, 

Mand. 86; clarite Wicu S. w. I. 405 ; see 

elertd. 
Clarifien, v., Fr, clarifier; clarify, WiCL. 

3 ESDR. viii. 82 ; olarifleth (pres) lud. Coy. 

103. 
clarine, sb., Fr, darine ; trumpet, pr. p. 80. 
clarionere, sb., trumpeter, pr. p. 80. 
elarioningey sb., trumpeting \ clariontngeB 

(//.)CH. H. F. 1242. 

olariou]i,sb.,6^./>.darion; clarion, Man. (F.) 

1 1384 ; Ch. C. t. A 2600. 
[olarten, v., soil, dirty; comp, bi-dUrten.] 
Claspe,= Z.6^. klaspe; clasp, brooch, ^offindix,' 

CATH. 65 ; Rich. 4084 ; dospe pr. p. 83 ; 

despe Yoa 238 ; olaspes (//.) p. s. 222 ; d. 

Arth. 1108. 
claspen, v., clasp ; daspe cath. 65 ; olaaped 

[elapsed] (pple,) Ch. C. t. A 273. 
<dasiren, v., f clatter; ant olaBtre)> (pres,) 

wij> heore colle P. s. 157. 
dater, sb., M.Du, klater; clatter: that thou 

had holden stille thi dater Townl. 19a 
clateren,v.,=iJ/^«^.klateren; clatter^ rattle, 



Kath. 2026 ; \t arwes . . . datren (pres,) &st 
and ringe Ch. C. t. A 2359; elatored (pret.) 
Gaw. 731 ; clattered Lidg. M. p. 106 ; comp, 
to-dateren. 

daterer, sb., clatterer^ D. Troy 11375 ; da- 
terers (pL) p. P. 271, 

datering, sb., rattling, a. p. ii. 1515. 
olatte, sb., f rattle, PR. p. 79. 
ClatJ, sb., 0,E, cla« m., cf, 0,Fris, klath, 0,N. 
klie%i, it/./f.6r.kleit n,; cloth, garment, Kath. 
1428 ; bu hefdest da^ to werien hom. I. 33 ; 
mete & da^ Laj. 16853 ; daj> Orm. 3208 ; 
no linene clo^ a. r. 418 ; do)> o. & n. 1174; 
MISC. 48 ; Bek. 691 ; ayenb. 45 ; Ch. C. t. 
Z?i633; doth*/<w«««j'PR. P.83; Hav. 185; 
dftSes (//.) HOM. I. 37 ; he rende his da^es 
Jul. 70 ; daj)es Iw. 1803 ; da^s [doJ)es] La^. 
2367 ; do^es A. R. 418 ; ck>)>es frag. 6 ; RoB. 
463 ; cl&Ven (dat,pL) LA5. 3187; clabe MISC. 
75 ; con^, barm-, bord-, hand-, hdved-, 
seU-ol&t>. 

ddth*158, adj., 0,N, klse^lauss ; without 
clothes, Ch. C. t. 7343. 

cl&t$-makinge, sb., cloth-making, Ch. C. t. 
^449. 

cla|>en, clel>en, v.,a£'.cla«ian, 0,N, kl^'JSa,* 
M.H,G, kleiden; clothe \ cla))en Orm. 2710; 
clathe PR. C 3553; do^n GKN. & ex. 2630; 
do))en Gow. II. 227; Gam. 72; clo))e Hav. 
1138; cle))e SPEC. 37 ; A. p.ii. 1741; Iw. 1787; 
heo . . . d&|>etS (pres,) heom mid ^luwe 
cla))e HOM. I. 53 ; cl6pBp (imper,) Rob. 36 ; 
doSinde (pple,) A. R. 16; dobede (pret.) 
AYENB. 133; do})eden Langl. -^ prol. 53; 
cladde Hav, 1354; Rich. 3097 ; dedde M. H. 
87; ddSed (pple.) rel. 1. 212; do))ed, ido]>ed 
Ch. C. t. ^ 91 1, 1048 ; ido]>ed Jos. 295 ; comp, 
iin-d&]'en. 

d&)>ere, sb,, clothier] ddtheres (pi,) Langl. 
B X. 18. 

ol&)>ing, sb.,= M,H,G, kleidunge ; clothing, 
Orm. 19074; do))ing Laj. 3187*; do))inge 
p. L. s. xvii. 506; klefinge ^vestimentum* 
PS. ci. 27; dej»mg ANT. Arth. ix. 
dau, sb., 0,E, clawu, clea, deo, = O.L.G. 
dawa, M,Du, klauwe, OJ^ris, klewe, O.H.G, 
chloa, cloa (pi, chlawen), 0,N, klo (//. kloer ) ; 
claw, ' ungulai FRAG. 2 ; daw, cle PR. P. 80 ; 
clawe, de WiCL. ex. x. 26 ; ? cleo misc. 95 ; 
deu HiCKES I. 228 ; dee voc 221 ; dawe 
(//.) O. & N. 153 ; clawes (ms, dawwess) Orm. 
1225 ; clawes Aus. 2186; clauen aysnb. 6t ; 
dees Gow. II. 39; Mand. 198; deen Pall. 
«. 937. 

clause, sb., Fr, clause ; clause, trans. XVIII. 
22 ; Gow. III. 87; DEP. R. PROL. 92, i. 83. 
olausure, sb., Lat, dausura ; closure,vvi, p. 83. 
daustre, sb.,= OM, klaustr, L,G, klauster ; 
from Lat, claustnmi; cloister; daustrea (pi,) 
ayenb. 267; see doiertre a^i^dtlster. 

dawBtre-man, sb., monk, Orm. 6353. 



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claver. 

olavBT, sh^^MJf.G. klaber; claw, finger- 
naii\ elawies (?/&r clavres) (p/.)A.P, li. 1697. 

olftver, sb^ O.E. clafre, claefre,= Af.Z?«. klaver, 
L.G. klAver, klever; c/ovsTy D. Arth. 3241 ; 
wite dovere voc 140 ; comp, heort-ol§vre. 

clavren, v., c/. Du, klaveren, Dan. klavre; 
climb : daverande (pple,) on heghe D. Arth. 
3324 ; hwe^er J>e cat of helle davrede (prcl.) 
ever toward hire A. R. 102. 

claw, see olau. 

cl&win, v., O.E. clawian, = O.I/.G. klawen, 
MX.G. klawen, clauwen, klowen, klouwen, 
M.Du. klauwen ; claw, scratch, ' scalpo,' PR. 
P. 80; Ch. C. t. Z?94o; clowe fclawen, 
clawe] Langl. B Prol. 154 ; clowe Fer. 463 ; 
clfiwB}> (pres.) PL. CR. 365; Gow. II. 93; 
dfiwe {sudj.) O. & N. 154; clawed {pret.) 
Ch. C. t. a 4326; cleu (wf. dew) Fer. 
5339; s. s. (Web.) 925. 
dfiwlnge, sb., clawing, scratching, * scalpi- 
laczo; PR. p. 80 ; be bore likide be davinge 
wel s. s. (Wr.) 978. 

Cle, see dau. 

dSafer, sb.,=f M.H.G. klouber ; claw, finger- 
nail -, oleafres (pi.) a. r. 102 ; see olaver. 

deche, sb., claw, finger-nail \ dedies (pi.) 

A. R. I74*. 

clSdien, v., seize {with claws, hands) ; clecbe 

Horn (R.) 963 ; a l. 734 ; cleke Iw. 2478 ; 

penne sir Gauan bi ]« coler deohes (pres.) 

Je kni^t ant. Arth. xlviii ; clekes d. Arth. 

1865 ; clekis Alex. 842 ; dfthte (pret.) a. r. 

102*; dfiht (ppie.) SPEC 37. 
def; see difl del, see daL 
Cleken, v., O.N. klekja ; f hatch, bring forth ; 

? dekit (ppie.) TowNL. 311. 
dekeiiyj^^dSohen. dembeiiy j^^ dlmben. 
ddmen, see dfimen. 
clemeren, see dimbren. 
demmen, v., OJS. (be)clemman, = OX.G. 

(ant-, bi)kleinmian, M.Du. clemmen, O.H.G. 

(pi)chleinmen ; from dam ; compress ; olem- 

(m)id (ppie.) Halliw. 254; com,p. for- 

demmen. 

cleiichen,v.,=il/^.c;.klenken ; maketoclink: 
(li)is harpe he gan denche Horn (R.) 1498 ; 
dcndiin ajen ^ obgarrio^ PR. p. 80; clenken 
(f printed blenken, v. r. clinken) ... a belle 
Ch. C. t. ^ 1186; dinken (ffor denken) 
P. s. 189; J>at ajen denkej> (pres.) Shor. 
"3. 

dwichin, y.,^O.H.G. (gi-, in)denken ; clench, 
^ntundoi pr. p. 80; ich wot ^ef smi)>es 
schule uvele denche o. & N. 1206; ddnt 
(ppie) L. h. R. 138 ; idenched Ch. C. t. A 
1991 ; comp. un-denohen. 

deney see dSne. 

dengen, v. (properly causative firom din- 
gen) ; cling', ^erdenges (pres.) \^ colde Gaw. 
2078 ; J>c forst elenged ( pret.) 1694. f 



cler. 



\%i 



denken, see olendien. el^nsieny see d6n- 
den. 

dec, see dau. oleof, see elif. 

deopien, j^^d^pien. 

deoven, v., O.E. cleofan, = O.N. kliufa, O.H.G. 

chliuban; cleave, split \ cleove Alis. 7702; 

eleven Kath. 2027; Hav. 917; cleve Man. 

(H.)i88; clefePR.c.6736; def (;^^?/.) Hav. 

2643 ; P. L. s. xxiv. 254 ; Alis. 3708 ; Trist. 

2384; Langl. ^xviii. 61; cleef Mand. 86; 

clasfLAj. 21390; ())ai) clove Fer. 2724 ; clofe 

ToWNL. 255 ; d6ve (subj.) LEG. 66; d6fbn 

(ppie.) Orm. 1224; cloven Fer. 1623; Ch. 

C. t. a 2934 ; Mand. 95 ; cloven [deft] WiCL. 

Mat. xxvii. 51 ; clovin lud. Gov. 45 ; iclove 

Rob. 49; Trev. VIII. 223; comp. a-, for-, 

to-deoven. 
devtnge, sb., €u:t of splitting, cleft, Trev. 

11.383; Mand. 86. 
cl^ovien, see d^vien. 
cleowe,sb., O.E. diwe, - O.H.G. clmsi, chliwa; 

clew ; d(e)owe, dewe o. & N. 578 ; clewe voc. 

180 ; a clewe of frede Trev. II. 385 ; a klewe 

of yam voc 157 ; dewe [cliwe] Ch. l. g. w. 

2016. 

deowen, v., O.E. cleowen, cliewen, diwen, 

Ger. kleuen ; ball, clew, frag. 4. 
d6pien,v.,a£'.cleopian, cliopian, clypian, cli- 

pian; call, Mk. x. 47 ; Kath. 2199 ; (ms. clep- 

Yen)MlSC.5i ; clepien,clepian,cleopien,clupien 

[clepie, cleopie] Laj. 852, 2498, 5945, 20357 ; 

5if ei wolde cleopien him to mete A. r. 260 ; 

deopien, clipien HOM. I. 185, 189; clepie god 

to witnesse ayenb. 64; clepen Orm. 15325 ; 

depin ^voco^ pr. p. 81; s. S. (Wr.) 1452; 

depen, depe Ch. C. t. A 643 ; depe Will. 

1299 ; cleopie leg. 33 ; bischopes he let clipie 

BEK.472; me to clupie king Rob. 322 ; to^i 

d^pie (pres.) ; ant calle SPEC. 59 ; deope^ o. 

& N. 1315 ; cleopa^ HOM. I. 119; we cleopia^ 

togode 113 ; jif we clepie^ )>ine feder 55 ; je 

me )>enne cii^^in^ (invoke) 13; (hie) clepie^ 

II. 21 ; ))eme dia)> hi clepief lif ayenb. 72 ; 

clipie)) Shor. 107 ; deopiende (ppie.) HOM. 

117 ; d6pede (pret.) LA3. 191 ; gen. & ex. 

1274; OCTOV. (W.) 759; deopede toward 

heovene Marh. 18 ; clupede Horn. (L.) 225 ; 

dipede Fer. 142; clepedenORM. 12978; WiCL. 

Josh. xxii. 34 ; d^ped (ppie.) Orm. 14008 ; 

Mand. 305; Tor. 341; depid Langl. i?x. 

21; clept HOCCL. i. 225 ; comp. bi-, je-, in-, 

wit5-d6pien. 

d^pinge, sb., O.E. cleopung, clypung ; 

calling, WiCL. Ephes. iv. i; Ed. 1123; 

cleopmge La^. 10287. 

deppe, see dappe. deppen, see oliippen. 
deppin, \.,=^MX.G., M.Du. kleppen ; strike, 

sound, * tinnio,^ PR. P. 81. 
der, adj., O.Fr. cler, clier ; clear, Fl. & Bl. 

224 ; deer as water Trev. 1. 123 ; treat. 133 ; 

clier ayenb. 34; )« cliere light LiDa M. p. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l%a 



cldr. 



clingen. 



215; |>e simnc ^at schines ol§re (adv.) a M, 
291 ; olerore {compar,) LEG. 98; clierer AYENB. 
267. 
cler-liohej adv., clearly ^ Brd. 21 ; clierllche 

AVENH, 155. 
clirneBse, ^.^chamess^ULO, 170; AYENB.95. 
clere-wort, sb., name of a red herb ^ D. Arth. 

cler<J J sb. J O. E. cleric, O.Fr, clerc ; clerk ^ clergy- 

man, scholar, SAX. CHR. 250; LA5. 39; P. L. S. 

xviu 50 ; clerk A. R. 318 ; Ch. C. t. A 480; 

Olerkes (//.) O. & N. 729. 
dlerke*lif adv.^ like a clerky * clericalitery PR. 

P. 81. 
elerematm, sb., kind of fine bread, Langl. 

A vii. 292 [B vL 306 ; C ix. 328). 
cleret^, see clerte. 
Oleiin, v,j O.Fr. clairer ; make clear, clear, PR. 

p. 81 ; clere)> ipres.) Gow. Ill, 313; oleerid 

ippie.) WiCL. EX. xix. 16. 
clergeal [clergial], adj., learned, Ch. C. t. 

0754^ 

clerfftfll-li, adv., learnedly, D. Arth. 200. 
clergeon^ sb., O.Fr. clergeon {petit clerc); 

ckrk in mifior orders, Gow. 1. 255 ; Ch. C.T. 

/?l693^ 
olergesse , sb . , tl Fr. clergesse ; leamedwoman, 

A. R. 6; Kath. 75, 
clergie^ sb., O.Fr^ clergie ; clergy, p. L. s. xxv. 

I SS ; F. s. 334 ; Jos. 171 ; clergies {pL) Kath. 

clerte, sk, splendour, AuD.45 ; W1CL.T0BIT 

xifL 20; clerete WiCL. DEEDS xxii. 11. 
Diet, clot, ^h.,=M,L.G. klot m., M.H.G. kloz 

m. n.; 'iivdg^, * aineus,' PR. P. 81. 
ci^td, sb., fOJLG. chletta, chledda; burdock, 

Wappa,' voc. 191; of al France ^af nou^t a 

dete TRANS, XV'III. 24. 

cl^ye, sb., O.E. cleofa, cIyfa,=aA^. klefi w.; 

ckamh^^r, Hav. 557; Angl. IV. 189; kleve 

^cubile ' PS, XXXV, 5. 
clGTeti, s€€ oleoven. 
cldTL, adj., O.E. clifig, cf Du, klevig, Qer. 

klebig; adhesive : clivi as elide A. P. ii. 1692. 
cl^Tien, v., O.E. cleofian, cliofian, difian,= 

O.L.G, cH voti, cle von ; cf 0,//,G. chleben ;fi-om 

f^iven ; eieave, adhere, (ms. cluyen, printed 

deny en), SPEC, 37; clivin, deve PR. P. 82; 

cleve [kllve] Ps. xciii. 20; deovien JARB. XIII. 

174 \ cliven GEN, & EX. 372 ; dive Fer. 1901 ; 

©16ve)j {pres.) tr^^t. 137; cliveth Ch. Boet. 

iiL 12(101)^ cleovie^ Laj. 9389; cl^ve, dive 

{subf) LA^Gu B%\, 219; ol6viinde (pple) 

A VEND. 107 ; clfcfflde {pret,) Lk. x. i i ; clevede 

Hek. 2342 : Wjcl. JOBxxix. 10; clevedWiLL. 

734; Hoccu 1, 31; diveden Hav. 1300; 

cl6T0d {ppk\) HOM. II. 73. 

cl^vUnde-liclie, adv., adheringly^ ayenb. 

103, 



. clevre, see clftver. clewe, see olSowe. 

cliby adj., f from oliven; f obstinate, jarb. 
XIII. 163 ; clibbe (//.) misc. 144 ; ^ee mote 
boe wel clibbe (f printed dxyhh^) to floe ham 
REL. II. 243 ; Glibbest [superl) jarb. XIII. 
163. 

clicchen, v., ? = oluoohen ; clutch : to folden 
and to clicchen (v. r. clucche) Langl. Cxx. 
120; clihte (pret,) L. H. R. 145 ; cli3te Ber. 
2515; hit cli^t (adhered) to geder A. P. ii. 1692 ; 
clighte Chest. 1. 115 ; in ^oure armour so fast 
icU3t (pple,) ass. ^ 719 ; he fond the . . .finger 
with the ring icli^t into the paume of the 
bond Trey. VII. 537 ; de^t A. P. ii. 1655. 

elide, sb., O.E. cli)>e ; bur, A. P. ii. 1692. 

client, sb., Fr. client ; client, Gow. I. 284. 

olif, sb., O.E. clif, cleof, ^M,Du., ON. klif 
n.; cliff \ |)at clif [clef] Laj. 1926; klifGAW. 
713; clif, clef Trey. III. 455; clive (dat.) 
p. L. s. viii. 175 ; B. Disa 1 163; clive, deve 
Trey. VII. 461; clife, clefe Egl. 379, 415; 
to ban cleove LA3. 20861* ; olives (pi:) Laj. 
21807 ; kliffes PS. cxiii. 8 ; cleves Ch. L. g. w. 
1466; oliven (dat. pi.) Alis. 5429; comp. 
sfi-olit 

clift, see oluft. 

cliket, sb., Fr. diquet ; clicket, sort of latch^ 
Icdch-key, ^clavicula,* PR. P. 82 ; Langl. A v. 
613 ; Ch. C. t. E 2046 ; dekett * clavis' cath. 
66. 

oliketed, pple., fastened with a latch [v.r. 
clikated, cliketted, i-dicated], Langl. By. 
623. 

olimat, sb., Fr. climat; climate, Langl. C 
xviii. 106 ; Ch. astr. ii. 39 (48). 

climben, v., O.E. c\imh2Ln, = 0.I/.G. chlim- 
ban ; climb, A. R. 140 ; Orm. i i860 ; Ch. C. t. 
E 106; climben [clemben] Laj. 851 ; climbe 
o. & n. 833 ; Will. 707 ; climme Shor. 3 ; 
clembe P. L. s. xxiii. 72 ; clamb (pret.) Perc 
1223; dam Rob. 333; s. s. (Wr.)85i; clamb, 
clomb LEG. 74, 75 ; domb A. R. 354 ; bu 
clumbe LA3. 21439; heo clumben [demae] 
9420 ; A. R. 244 ; domben, dumben Ch. C. t. 
A 3636 ; clomben Gaw. 2078 ; domme Rob. 
410; him )>a3te he clemde upon )>is treo 
P. L. s. xiii. 123 ; clombe (pple.) Ch. C. t. 
^12; iclumben La^. 21432; hom. I. 211; 
A. R. 178. 
olimare, sb., climber, PR. P. 82. 

olimbren, w.,^0.H.G. klimmem, klemmem, 
climb: demeri leg. i66. 

clinen, v., O.Fr. diner ; = deollnin ; bow down, 
^declino,* PR. P. 82; i oline (pres.) to J)is 
acorde LUD. Coy. i 14. 

clingen, v., O.E. clingan ; cling, adhere; wither 
away; clinge o. & N. 743 ; Alis. 915 ; dinge 
& drie Fer. 2524 ; dinge & cleve LUD. COY. 
54 ; i oUnge (pres.) as cleij s. A. L. 178 ; whan 
f ou . . . clingest for drie Langl. B xiv. 50 ; ant 
clinge)) so ]>e clai spec 85 ; his bell dinges 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



olingen. 



oloterin. 



123 



PR. C. 823 ; danfir {fret) C M. 4699 ; his 

limes clonge a wei P. L. S. xxiv. 215 ; dongen 

[clungen] \ppU^ C, M. 4581 ; clungen was his 

chek M. H. 88 ; clunge L. H. R. 142 ; clongin 

M. Arth. 751; clonge Pall. ii. 46; comp, 

for-olingen ; deriv, elengen. 
Clinkeiiy = MJ^u, clinken, / O.N, klykkja ; 

cUnk ; dinkin * tinnio * PR. P. 82 ; ))ei herde 

a belle clinke Ch. C. t. C664; den'v. 

denchen. 
0lint» sb., 0,N, *\dmtT,== IceL klettr, L,Ger., 

Dan,, Swed, klint ; rock ; olintes (pi,) C. M. 

17590; klintes Halliw. 497. 
olipieny see ol^pien. olippeiiy see duppen. 
dippeiiy v., 0,N, klippa ; clip (with shears) , 

Orm. 4106; clippin Uondeo* PR. P. 82; 

dippe WiCL. GEN. xxxi. 19 ; dippe and schave 

Ch. C. t. a 3326 ; oUppid (pple,) WiCL. gen. 

xxix. 16. 
dippare, sb., 0,N, klippari ; clipper , shearer, 

Uonsar,* PR. p. 82 ; dippere WiCL. Is. liii. 7 ; 

dippers (pi.) Man. (H.) 238. 
dippinge» sb., clippingy * ionsura^ PR. P. 82. 
clippiiig-time» sb., shearing-time, gen. & 

EX. 1739. 
dips, sb.,y&r eoUpse; Langl. ^xviii. 135 ; 

dippice PR. P. 82. 
dix>8i9 adj., eclipsed, R. R. 5351. 
disterie, sb., 0,Fr. dist6re; clyster, Trev. 

IV. 393. 

[oHve, sb., 0,E, dife,=*i)/J:.G^.klIve, M,Du, 
klijve, 0,H,G, chllba ; bur; comp. gftr-dive.] 

diven, v., O.E. difan,= a/^.^kllban (adhere), 
MJhi, diven. (9jV. kllfa (climb) \ climb: 
}>ct wilneb heje to dive ayenb. 23 ; hi diven 
Xpret.pL) into J)e helle AYENa 126; hi bij> 
. . . heje idive (pple,) 26. 

diven, v., = deoven ; split,cleave\ dWm^ftndo' 
PR. P. 82 ; J)e hdm he dftf Man. (F.) 10895. 

diver, sb., 0.E, difer (gen, pi, difra) ; claw ; 
cUvres, devres (pi.) o. & N. 1 55, 270 ; cUvre 
(dat,pl,)jZ; c/.olAver. 

diver, adj., /a^E.dibbor; f/romoliven fmod. 

Eng, dever ; tenacious : & te devel (is) diver 

on sinncs rel. I. 213. 

divi, see d6vi. oli.vien, see d^vien. 

dobbed, see dubbed, 
doehe, see oluoohe. 
dooher, sb., Fr. dodier; belfry, PR. p. 82; 

LiDG. M. p. 201. 

dodde, see olotte. cloddres, see doter. 
doftunge, sb., O.E. dufjmng; ranunculus, 

leechd. II. m. 

dogge, sb., clog, lump, obstacle, ^truncus,* 
PR.P.83; dogges (/>/.) p.s. 154; T0WNL.313. 

doistre, sb., OJF'r. doistre; cloister, Bek. 
2077; AYENB. 151 ; Ch. C. t. G^^. 

doistafer, sb., O.Fr. doistrier; monk; olols- 
trert (pi.) ayenb. 6f. 



ol6ke, sb., claw, Townl. 324 ; ol6kes (pi.) 

A. R. 102; PR. c. 6936; klokes D. Arth. 

792. 
doke, sb., cloak, Laj. 13097*; Ch. C. t. 

A iS7; dooke PR. P. 83. 
eloked-li, 2Ldy.,/rom oldke ; disguisedly, s. & 

all. Ivii. 
doken, v., Fr. doker, docher; limp, walk 

lame: |)ere conninge derkes shul dodce 

[dokke] bihinde Langl. ^iii. 34. 
clokke, sh.,= M.Du, klocke, O.N. klokka, 

klukka ; clock, PR. P. 83 ; a dokke Ch. C. t. 

^4044; ten of )>e dokke it was /5 ; at vii. 

of the dokke w. & L 17. 
dokkin, v., O.E. cloccian = Swed. klokka, 

klukka, M.H.G, klucken, gludcen ; cluck, 

PR. P. 83. 
dom, sb., f silence, ayenb. 264, 266; dum 

[dom] Ch. C. t. A 3639. 
olom, see ol&m. 
[olomen, v., Du, kleumen, fbe stiff j comp. a- 

oleomen.] 
olomsen, v., fbe numb, stiff*, whan ))ou olom- 

sest (pres.) for colde Langl. B xiv. 50 ; he is 

outher domsed (pple.) or wod PR. c 165 1 ; 

dumsid hondis * manus dissolutas^ WiCL. Is. 

XXXV. 3 ; comp. a-dumsen. 
dond, see eland, 
dos, adj., Fr. dos; close, shut up, Gow. II. 

94 ; A. p. i. 183 ; does Trev. II. 75. 
dos, sb., O.Fr, dos ; close, field, enclosed 

place, Rob. 7; doos or jerde ^ clausura* 

PR. P. 83. 
dosen, v., from olds ; close, enclose ; dose 

Rob. 28 ; dosede (pret.) Hav. 1310 ; oldsed 

(pple.) chr. E. 629. 
ddsingis, sb. pL, gates, WiCL. PROV. viii. 

3. 
oloset, sb., f O.Fr. doset ; closet, Gaw. 934 ; 

Trev. V. 313. 
closure, sb., O.Fr. dosure; closure, Ulausura} 

PR. P. 83. 
clot, sh.,=M.Du. klot (lump, clod), O.H.G. 

doz m, (lump) ; clod, P. L. S. xxxiii. 25 ; H. v. 

13 ; ane dot of hevi eor^ A. R. 140 ; olotte 

(dat.) A. R. 254 ; olottes (pi.) Trev. II. 23 ; 

clottis *glebae^ WiCL. JOB xxviii. 6; comp, 

clei-dot. 
dot, see dSt. 
dote, sb., 0,E, date, /; burdock, ^ lappa,' 

frag. 3 ; PR. P. 83 ; REL. 1. 37 ; dote [doote] 

WiCL. Hos. ix. 6. 
ddte-leet sb., leaf of the burdock, Ch. C. t. 

GS77' 
cloter, sb., cf. Swed. klotr, n. (globus), M.Du, 

kloter(melk) ; clot: in oloddres (pl.) of blod 

his her was clunge L. H. R. 142. 
cloterin, v., cf. M.Du. doteren ; clot, ^coagulo, 

PR. p. 83; olotred [dotered] (pple,) blood 

Ch. C. t. A 2745. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



124 



olotte. 



onal. 



olotte, sb,, if. M.Du, klotte, f Ger, klotze; clody 

CATH, 68 ; REL, II. 192 ; clodde ^ gleba' PR. P. 

83 ; Pall. i. 73. 
CloS, see olatS. 
olou, sb., Fr. clou (de girofle) ; clove ^ L. c. C. 

17 ; Clowe (? =dou) CATH. 68. 
clow0'giio£re, ^.^clove-gilly -flower^ Mand. 

263. 
cl<mclimtSb„/j^/.Z>«.*klouwken; /r<7w klouwe, 

doll© \ lit tit baily ^ glomicellusy PR. P. 83. 
oloude, see elude. 
clone, sb., M.Du. klouwe; ball\ (ms, clowe) 

^gi^ftus^ TR. p. 83. 
0I0U3, sb., dough f Trist. 1761 ; cloughiB 

{g£fl^) M. AkTH. 893; clous C M. 17590. 

clouse, sci' cluse. clout, see clut. 
cloute, sb., Mow on the head^ Triam. 781 ; 

ISUM. 619; LUD. Cov. 98. 
cl6Te, sb., O.E. cluf {ace, pL clufe LEECHD. 

IL 36); clm)e\ clove of garlek PR. P. 

clove re, sec clever, elowen, see clawin. 

club, sb., if, Sived, klubb, m. (lump)\ (ms, 
glubbel ^globus' WiCL. num. xvi. 11. 

Olulbtio, 0,N, klubba / ; club^ 'fustis^ PR. P. 
84; La?- 26062; Hav. 1927; ^ pedum' \0Q, 
240; klubbe A. P. i. 1348; clobbe Trist. 
2338 ; clubbefl (pL) Iw. 3200 ; dubben (dat, 
pi.) La^. 2(504; comp. msBin-olubbe. 

clubbed, adj„ Swed, klubbed; clubbed, Ch. 
C. T. Z?3oSS; clubbid *rudts* PR. P. 84; 
dob bed CH. C T. B 3088. 

olucchG, sb., dutch; cloches (pi.) Langl. 
B PKOL. 1 54 \ cloches Map 338. 

clucchen, v. dutch : to cluche [ducche] or 
to diiwe Langl. -^xvii. 188; cluche (pres,) 
R£L. M. 211 ; cluchcbes A. P. ii. 1541 ; upe 
here ton beo seten iclujt LEG. 192 ; comp, 
for-olucchen. 

elude, sb., O.E. clud w., cf. M.L,G, klude f.y 
{st(^m^ as a iveight) ; rock : ))a dude (sec, text 
deve) Lav 1915 » cloude spec. 44; wormes 
wowejj under cloude SPEC 44; clddes (//.) 
Orm, 2656 ; knarres & dudes O. & N. looi ; 
dude La^. 21B49; oluden (dat, pL) La^. 
31880. 

elude, sb. (pfy>b. same word as the preceding) ; 
chud, c M, 18402; cloude ^nubes* PR. p. 
84; Bek. 1415; Alis. 777 \ Ch. C. t. B 
3956; oloudeu (PL) TREAT. 136; cloudes 
AYENIL iqS; fs. xvii. 12; cloude (dat, pi.) 
A, D. 243. 

oludif adj., d0udy\ cloudi Brd. 23 ; Lidg. m. 
p. 139. 

cludi^, adj., O.E. cludig ; rocky, Orm. 2734. 

diift^ %\,,,^Swd, klyfta, Dan. kl6ft, M,H,G, 
kluft / (fissure) ; from cleoven ; cleft ; clift 
*sdssura^ rima* PR. P. 81 ; ^furchure^ VOC. 
148; dift [clifte] c M. 19834; olifte (dot.) 
Ch. C» t. i?2i45 ; to belle difte L. H. r. 205; 



olufteB, diftes ^fissurae' Trev. IV. 347; 

cliftus [^sdssuras'] Wicl. Is. xxii. 9. 
clum, see clom. clumsen, see clomsen. 
oliipien, see cl^pien. 
oliippen, v., O.E, clyppan, cf O.Fris. kleppa ; 

embrace, HOM. I. 185; A. R. 424; duppe 

SPEC. 38; clippe Horn (R.) 1362; Langl. 

Bxw'xi, 188; PARTON.621 ; cleppen Fl. & Bl. 

594 ; cleppe OCTOV. (W.) 585 ; clippe)> (pres.) 

Ch. C. t. -£^2413; diipte (pret.) LA5. 501 1 ; 

Bek. 288; clipte Will. 1265; Man. (F.) 

12118; clipped (pple.) Will. 859; comp. 

bi-cluppen. 
cliippunge, sb., act ofembradng, A. R. 324 ; 

cluppunge, cluppinge H. M. 3 ; duppinge 

HOM. 1. 201. 
cluse, sb., O.E. c\us,= O.H.G. chlxissi, from 

med.Lat. clusa; mill dam: et ter mulne cluse 

A. R. 72 ; douse PR. P. 84. 
clusen, v., 0,E, (be)clysan ; close; ^d&aden 

(pret.) La5. 9760; comp. bi-, for-clusen. 
dusimg, sb., O.E. dysung, clysing ; closing, 

FRAG. I. 

cluster, sb., O.E, cluster, clyster, = L.G. 
kluster; cluster, Trev. IV. 151; Wicl. 
DEUT. xxxii. 32; dustir, closter * boirus 
(Pdrpvs), racemus * PR. P. 84 ; closter ' bolrus ' 
VOC 277 ; clustres (pi.) Mand. 168. 

[cluster, sb., O.E, cluster ; cloister,] 
duBter-loke, sb., O.E. clustorloca; cloister; 
dusterlokan (pi.) hom. I. 43. 

clusteren, v., L.Ger. klustem ; cluster : moni 
clustered (pple.) dowde clef alle in clowtez 
A. p. ii. 367. 

Clut, sb., O.E. clut,= O.N. klutr ; clouty rag, A. 
R. 256; R. s. V (Misc 172); clout *' panmculus, 
pittadum^ PR. P. 84; REL. I. 65; Mand. 
293; )>ane clout Shor. 15; a wollen dout 
Alis. 4459 ; ich nabbe clout ne lappe P. R. L. P. 
227 ; dates (pi.) HOM. I. 277 ; Orm. 3327 ; 
Hav. 547; doutes PL. CR. 244; sche rente 
it al to doutes Ch. C. t. i? 1953 ; comp. 
pilche-, swe)>el-, winde-dtlt. 

clute, sh.,= M.L.G. klute ; clod, o. & N. 1167. 

clutien, v., O.E. (ge)clutian; patch, mend; 
cloutin * sardo ' PR. P. 84 ; she wolde doute 
mi cote lud. Cov. 98 ; dutie (pres. subj.) 
A. R. 256; douted (pple.) PL. OR. 424; i- 
clouted Langl. ^vi. 61 ; comp. bi-datieEu 
douter, sh,, patcher, * sartor,* PR. P. 84. 

cnag, sb., if. Dan, knag, Swed. knagg m.; 
knot, peg; knagg Flor. 1795. 

cnaggen, w., fasten with a knot; knagged 
(pple.) D. Troy 4972 ; knaged Gaw. 576. 

cnak, sb., O.N, knakkr ; crack, noise ; knak 
Fer. 4599; knaokis (pi.) WiCL. E. w. 156; 
knakkes (v. r. crekes) Ch. C. t. (Wr.) 4049. 

cuakken, v., cause to sound; knadnie {pris.) 
Wicl. s. w. 111. 482. 

cnal, sb., ?s=onul ; knock, Fer. 463^^. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



cnap. 



ondolien. 



125 



enap, sb., O.E, cnaepp (vertex)y=:O.N. knappr 
(knob) ; knob ; knappes (pL) of golde Langl. 
B vi. 272. 

cnap, sb.,=^Z>i/. knap; blow, knock: ^ knight, 
under knappis (//.)> upponknes fell D. TROY 
6437. 

enipe, sb., 0,E. cnapa, = O.Fris. knapa, 
OJ..G, knapo, 0,N. knapi ; = on&ve ; boy, 
[*fuer']f Mat. viii. 6 ; knape gen. & ex. 477 ; 
S.S. (Web.) 930 ; Gow. III. 321 ; L. H. R. 136 ; 
Gaw. 2136 ; s. & c. I. Ixi ; on&pes (gen.) 
Orm. 4106 ; onApen (ace.) Lk. ix. 47 ; comp, 
herde-cnape. 

ondpe-ohild, sb., ma/e Mid, ORM. 7895 ; 
knapechild gen. & ex. 2585. 

(maire, sb., ^ L,Ger, knarre; knof; knarre 
Gaw. 1434 ; Ch. C. t. A 549 ; knarres (//.) 
& eludes O. & N. looi ; ful of knarres * ver- 
Hdbus plenum ' WiCL. WISD. xiii. 13. 

onarri, adj., knotty^ gnarled \ knarri Ch. C. t. 
A 1977. 

cniye, sb., 0,E, cnafa, = O.H,G, chnabe, 
mod.Eng, knave; boy^ servant {ms, cnaue), 
Laj. 292; PL. CR. 288 ; knave GEN. & EX. 1 1 5 1 ; 
Hay. 450; TREAT. 139; Will. 2394; Flor. 
2095 ; Ch. C. t. a 3434 ; Tor. 2008 ; }>e kokes 
knave A. R. 380 ; knight, swain and knave 
Alis. 7968 ; is youre child a knave Townl. 
113; knafe M. H. 131; on^yen (pi.) La^. 
15559. 

kn4ve-bam» sb., male child^ c. M. 2668. 
oniive-ohildy sb., male child^ hom. II. 47; 
La;. 15526* (first text cnihtbaem); knave- 
child P. L. s. xxiii. 45 ; WiCL. EXOD. i. 16 ; Ch. 
C.T.5715. 

cniyiflch, adj., knavish \ a knavisch speche 
Ch. C. t. ^205. 

cnawe, sb., 0,E, (ge)cnawe ; conscious : he 
nolde be knowe for no )>ing )>at hit wesa maide 
A D. 258. 

cn&weiiesse, sb., knowledge ; cnow(e)nesse 
HOM. II. 25. 

onaw-leche^ sb., from stem of on&wen; 
knowledge \ knaiileche c. M. 12 162; knowe- 
leche Trey. III. 216 ; knouleche Mand. 313 ; 
Ch.C.t.^i22o; lud. Cov.93; soujtenhim 
a mong hise cosins and hise knouleche (ar- 
^«<w>i/a««:f) W1CL.LK.ii.44; knoulache AUD. 
19; knaulage Perc 1052. 

cn&weleohiy v., from on&wleohe ; acknow- 
ledge; cnowlechi leb. Jes. 198 ; knoulechin 
^/ateri* PR. P. 280; knouleche Map 335; 
Mand. 120; knoulache MiRC 1670; cnfiw- 
Itehe'S (pre^,) Kath. 1352; jif ha . . . cnaw- 
lechc^ so^ H. M. 9; knonleohide (pret,) 
WlCL. ESTH. viii. I ; knowleched Langl. B 
V.481 ; knoulecheden Will. 4782. 
onawleohinge, sb., acknowledging^ Kath. 
1388; knaulechinge ayenb. 132; cnou- 
lechunge a. r. 92; knoulechmg Gow. II. 
23. 



cn&wen, v., 0,E, (ge)cnawan (pret. cneow), 
0,H.G, (int-, ir-)chnahan, knahan (pret, 
chnata), OM. pres, kna (pret, knatta) ; know^ 
Orm. 1314; knawe Hay. 2785; ayenb. 26; 
PR. a 429 ; knaue ant. Arth. xix ; cnowen 
HOM. II. 81; knowen Will. 577; knowe 
Langl. Z?xix. 198; cnouen rel. I. 172; 
knoue Aud. 43; on&weS (pres.) hom. I. 
249 ; knou (imper.) H. H. 165 (167) ; cneow 
(pret,) Orm. 12584; cneou LA5. 17069; 
kneow Alis. 113; cnew hom. II. 127; kneu 
Horn (R.) 1151; Rob. 315; c. m. 11032; 
kneew Alis.' (Sk.) 541 ; ))ou cnewe rel. 1. 48 ; 
knewen gen. & ex. 2904; knewen ayenb. 
246 ; knewe Langl. .ffxii. 154 ; jef bu cneowe 
Jul. 22; kn&wen (pple,) Iw. 2666; pr. c. 
444; knowen gen. & ex. 3037; knowen 
Mand. 2 ; knowe Will. 726 ; comp, an% bi-?, 
^e-on&wen. 

on&wing, sb., knowing \ knawing PR. c. 
145 ; cnowunge A. R. 280. 
onawes, adj., ffor on&we; beo nu ken & 
cnawes Kath. 2070 ; comp, soS-on&weB. 
cne, see on§o. 

ondden, v., 0,E, cnedan, = M,L,G, kneden, 
0,H,G, chnetan; knead \ knedin PR. p. 279 ; 
knede Ch, C. t, A 4094 ; on^dest (pres,) 
Orm. i486; kn6den (pple,) r. r. 217; 
knodon PR. P. 280 ; comp, ^e-on6den. 

onMare, sb., kneader ; knedare PR. P. 279. 

[onMing, sb., kneading^ 
kn^ding-trogh, sb., kneading-trough. Ch. 

C. T. A 3548. 
kn^ding-tubbe, sb., kneading-tub, Ch. C. 

T. A 3563, 3594. 
onelien, see oneolien. 

cneo, sb., 0,E, cneo, cneow,=(9.Z.6^. kneo, 
knio, Goth, kniu, 0,Fris, kne, kni, 0,N, kne, 
0,H,G, chneo, chniu, Lat, genu, Gr. y6vv\ 
knee\ cneow frag. 6; knee ^ genu^ voc. 
186; to fe nij)e cne (degree) Hickes I. 226; 
kne GEN. & EX. 444 ; in ()je) tefe kne Rob. 
228 ; cn(e)owe (pl^ La^. 5388* ; cneon hom. 
I. 191; Marh. 9; failed a cneon A. R. 16; 
kneon treat. 139; cnewes (ms, cnewwess) 
Orm. 6467 ; knewes Ar. & MER.6551 ; knes 
Horn (L.) 383 ; knees [knowes] Langl. A v. 
203 ; oneowen (dot, pi,) Lk. v. 8 ; cneowen 
La^. 12685 » fc king lasi on cneouwen 32046 ; 
cneowe 29573; cneon 4996; kneon misc. 
149. 

kneo-bdn» sb., knee-bone, chr. E. 758. 

one-hole, sb., 0,E, cneowholen (yog. 68) ; 
knee-holly (printed cue-hole), rel. I. 37. 

knee-panne, sb., knee-pan^ yoc 183. 

oneo-res, sb., 0,E, cneoress, -ryss; gene- 
ration. Mat. xvii. 17. 

oneolieny v,y=M,L,G, knelen, M,Du, knielen ; 
kneel : cneolin Marh. 20 ; cneolen, cnelen 
Orm. 6138, 1 1 392 ; knele Hay. 1320 ; Mand. 
14; Egl. 1279; cnewlest (pres,) y^u. II. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



126 



ondolien. 



oniil. 



25 ; cneule^ 83 ; onSole (imper,) La^. 24163 ; 
cneole^ A. R. 18 ; kneoU (sudj,) R. S. v (misc. 
168) ; kneolinde (ppi^,) A. R. 18 ; oneoulede 
(pret,) LA5. 29654; kneulede Bek. 540; 
knelede spec 106 ; Trev. V. 455. 

knelare, sb., kneeler^ PR. P. 279. 

kngiiling, sb., kneeling^ Horn (H.) 810; 
ending Orm. 1451. 
oneowieiiy v., 0,E, cneowian, cf, 0,H,G, chni- 
wen, chniuwen ; kneel \ laiewede{prel,) hom. 
I. 121 ; knowede misc. 48. 

kneouwunge, sb., (9.£'.cneowung; kneeling^ 
HOM. I. 199. 
onicche, see oniioohe. 
cnif, sb., 0,E, cm{,= Jlf.Du, knijf «., O.N. 
knifr m.y knife^ Kath. 1953 ; fat cnif Orm. 
4128 ; enne longne cnif La^. 3775 ; knif A. R. 
282; Hav. 479; SPEC 102; Alis. 1061 ; 
Mand. 51 ; onifeB {gen.) Orm. 4257 ; knive 
(dat) HOM. I. 69; cnifes 22805; cnives 
12282 ; onive {f ms. cniues, r. w. live) {pi.) 
Laj. 18027 ; knifes [knives] Ch. C. t. A 233 ; 
knives A. R. 212; Hav. 1769; oniven {dal. 
pi) LA3. 4009 ; comp. bord-km£ 

knif-w(e)orparey sb., knife-thrower^ A. r. 
212. 
onihty sb., O.E, cniht, cnyht, cnieht, cnioht, 
cneoht,= C7.i*w. knecht, O.H.G. chneht, mod. 
JS'^^. knight y boy; servant; soldier; knight, 
HOM. II. 181 ; cniht, knit [cnift] LA5. 346, 
2800; cniht, kniU O. & N. 1087, 1575 ; kniht 
Horn (R.) 508; knicht Wart. II. 2; 
knijt Degr. 1506 ; ich am \\ knijt ROB. 115 ; 
Lazar J)e knijt leb. Jes. 678 ; knigt GEN. & 
EX. 283 ; knight Ch. C. t. ^ 43 ; knith, knict, 
knicth, knit Hav. 32, jjy 1650, 2427 ; knict, 
knit Horn (H.) 524, 1038; onihtes (gen.) 
Laj. 19950 ; onihte (dat^ Laj. 7703 ; knihte 
A. R. 86 ; onihtes (pi.) Sax. chr. 252 ; (ms. 
cnihhtess) Orm. 8185; knihtes A. R. 358; 
onihtes, cnihte La^. 3617, 26780; knijte 
P. L. s. xix. 263 ; onihte (gen. pi.) Laj. 
8172, 18007 ; cnihtene (printed cinhtene) 
3346 ; cnihtene Kath. 1571 ; onihten (dat 
pi.) Mk. iii. 9 ; Laj. 714; mid cnihten HOM. 
I. 231 ; comp. hixC'f in-, leomlng-oniht. 

oniht-bttrn, sb., male child (sec, text cnave- 
child), La^. 15526. 

]aii3t^hild, sb., male child, L. N. F. 214. 

kniht-hod, sb., O.K. cnihthad ; knighthood^ 
Horn (R.) 543 ; kni^thod ayenb. 83. 

kni^U, adj., O.K. cnihtllc ; knightly^ WiCL. 
2 Macc viii. 9. 

oniht-Boipe, sb., knighthood, * militia^ HOM. 
1. 243 ; Laj. 3801 ; knihtshipe P. S. 335. 

knight-weede, sb., attire of a knight ^ Alis.' 
(Sk.) 544. 

oniht-weoredy sb., troop of knights, La^. 
26766. 
onihten. v., knight, create a knight ; knihten 
Horn (R.)64o; knijted (pple^^VLL, 1354. 



onobbe, sb., M.L.G. knobbe ; knob : knobbe 

PR. p. 280 ; be knobbes (pi.) sittinge on his 

chekes Ch. C. t. A 633. 
onobbel, sb.,= Af.Du. knobbel ; knob; knoble 

PR. P. 280. 
cnobbid, adj., knobbed; cnobbid PR. P. 280. 
cnok, sb., knock, blow; knok Langu (Wr.) 

6262 ; knok C vi. 178 ; knokke Bx. 327 ; Rich. 

491. 
onokieny v., O.E. cnucian, O.N. knoka; knock ; 

knoke)> (pres.) ayenb. 116; cnoken A. P. i. 

726 ; knoke (imper.) Ch. C. t. A 3432 ; 

cnokie^ Mat. vii. 7 ; knokede (pret.) S. S. 

(Wr.) 1420 ; knoked (pple.) MiN. iii. 68. 
onokil, sb.,= M.Du., M.L.G. knokel, M.H.G. 

knuchel; knuckle, ^ nodus,* voc. 186; * con- 

dylus,' PR. P. 280 ; knokelis (pi.) REL. 1. 19a 
onol, sb., O.E. cnoll ; knoll; knol gen. & ex. 

4129; onolles (pi.) Uolles^ Hickes I. 168 

(hom. II. Ill); knoUes PS. bciv. 13. 
cnollin, v.,=onullen; knock; knollin, ^pulso, 

PR. P. 280; knolled (pple.) £. G.401. 
onop, sb., = O.Fris. knop, O.H.G. chnoph, 

cnopf ; knop, knob, button; bud; knop lud. 

Cov. 245 ; as hit were a gilden knop L. c C 

39 ; )>e knop of J)e kne VOC. 208 ; knoppe 

(dot.) w. & I. 35; knoppes (pi.) R. R. 1080, 

1683 ; knoppis Degr. 1494 ; knoppis of bars 

WiCL. exod. xxvi. II. 
knop- weedy sb., centaurea nigra, leechd. 

III. 319. 
onoppe, sb., =-Af ./?«., J/j^.G^. knoppe w.; knob^ 

bud ; knoppe * nodus, gemma * PR. p. 280. 
onoppe, v., stud,pro%nde with knobs, ^bullare^ 

CATH. 205 ; knopped (pple^ R. R. 7260 ; 

knopped schon PL. CR. 424. 
cnorre, sh.,^M.Du., MX.G.,AfJ/.G.knonc; 

knot, excrescence; knor Ber. 2514. 
onotte, sb., O.E. caotta^^ Af.Du. knutte, M.I/. 

G. knotze ; knot, H. M. 33 ; knotte * nodus * PR. 

P. 280; c. M. 8411; Ch. C. T. /'401 ; )>ane 

knotte ayenb. 253 ; wi^ute knotte A. R. 2 ; 

knotten (pi.) Bek. 1479; cnotten, cnottes 

Kath. 1157 ; knottes Mand. 190; pl. cr. 161. 
knot-lSs, adj., without a knot or obstacle, 

Ch. Tro. V. 768. 
onottel, sh.,^ M.Du, knuttel; little knot; 

knottiles (pl.) Halliw. 498. 
cnotti, adj., knotty, hom. I. 281 ; knotti *»?- 

dosus' PR. P. 280 ; Ch. C. t. A 1977. 
onottieny v., knot ; onotted (pple.) Sax. chr. 

262; knotted Mand. 197 ; iknotted A.R.420; 

cnottede schurgen Kath. 1551. 
cnowen, see on&wen. 

oniioohe, sb., «= M,L.G, knucke, knocke ; bun- 
dle ; knitche [^fasciculus '] WiCL. Amos ix. 6 ; 

knohohes (pl.) of hai Rich. 2985 ; binde]> hem 

in knucchen (/nW/^^knucchenus) misc. 225. 
oniil, sb., O.E. cnyll ; knell, REL. II. 277 ; ()>e) 

laste knel 79. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



cuuUen. 



ooildn. 



127 



cniillexi, v., OJEl. cny\l2Ln,=M,//,G. kniillen ; 
knock, beat; ring bells ; knille Perc. 1348 ; 
MAS. 689 ^ lete al so ])e belles knille MiRC 779 ; 
knalled \pple.) P. s. 193 ; see onollin. 
cnnmedy adj., f gnarled, knotty ; to his cnur- 
nede cneon Marh. 10 ; knomed stonez Gaw. 
2166. 

cniitten, v., 0.E, cnyttan,«= J/.Z.(;. knutten ; 
knit ; knittin * nodo, necto ' PR. P. 279 ; knit- 
ten Langl. 5prol. 169; knitte his browes 
Ch. C. t. -4 1 128 ; knut (pres.) a. r. 396 ; as 
me knit a net P. L. s. xvii. 1 57 ; knutte (pret,) 
Alis. 2251 ; knette Gow. II. 30; knitted 
(ppU.) PR. c. 7215; icnut Kath. 1525; to 
£^dir hit is iknit AUD. 10 ; comp, un-onutten. 
CO, see 0&. 

OobardOy sb., f baker's tongs \ ^ vertebra,* \oc 
201. 

[ccbbely sb., cf. Swed, kobbel {boundary- 
stone, RiETZ).] 

oobil-Bton, sb., cobble-stone, ^rudus,* VOC 

256 ; ^petrilla ' PR. P. 84. 
cobben, v., cf, Swed, kubba ; strike ; oobbit 

(/r^.) D. Troy 8285. 
cobelere, sb., cobbler, * sartor J pr. p. 84; 

Langl. A v. 170. 
ooe,sb., 0£. coc, cocc, 0,Fr, coc, 0,N. kokr ; 

cock, ^gcdlus,* Mk. xiv. 68 (the earlier text has 

hana) ; A. R. 140 ; O. & N. 1679 ; ^^^ I* 217 ; 

AYENB. 258 ; cok Mand. 91 ; cookes (gen,) 

Bek. 1090; a ookkes comb Mand. 207 ; 

cockes f5t f columbine, LEECHD. III. 319; 

ookkes (pi,) Trev. I. 339; comp, pft-, 

weder^y pnide-000. 
060, sb., O.E. coc, cf, O.H,G. coch ; Lai, co- 

qvus, cocus ; cook ; La^. 19948 ; cok,kok Hav. 

967, 2898 ; kok SPEC. loi ; cook Langl. B v. 

155; Ch. C. t. a 2020; LiDG. M. p. 217; 

kuk VOC. 21 1 ; kokes (gen,) A. R. 380 ; cokes 

(pi.) Laj. 3315 ; Trev. V. 173. 
cooturdy sb., O J^ cocart, cocard ; fool, Gow. 

II. 221. 
cocatrioey sb., 0,Fr, cocatrice ; cockatrice, 

WiCL. PS, xc 13 ; kocatrice * basiliscus ' PR. P. 

281. 

coccou, see ohooxl 
cook, ^,, fight, strife, PS. cxliii. i. 
[oocke, ^,,^Ger, kocke m,; cock, heap; 

comp. hai-oodke.] 
oockere, sb., one who makes hay-cocks \ 

ooker(e)s [cokares] (pL) Langl. Cvi. 13. 
cooken, v., f fight ; he wole grennen cocken 

& chiden rel. I. 188 ; cocke wij) knif P. s. 

153; oooken (pres, pL) Alex. 2042 ; mon 

fat sij> briddes cokkinde (pple,) REL. I. 

262. 
oodkep, sb., f fighter ; cocker bef& horeling 

REL. I, 188 ; ookkers (pL) Townl. 242 ; 

filters and cokkers Trev. IV. 173. 
oocktuigey sb., f fighting; wi^ strong cock- 



unge overcume hire flesch H. M. 47 ; cokkinge 

Trev. XL 83. 
coole, sb., cockle, * cochlea,* PR. p. ^, 
cocodrily sb., Lat, crocodllus ; crocodile ; 

cokedril WiCL. LEV. xi. 29 ; cokadrill Alis. 

6620; oocodriUes (pL) Mand. 198. 
cooiimber, sb., 0»Fr, cocombre; cucumber. 

Pall. i. 981. 
cod, sb., O.E, codd (bag\cfDu, kodde (coleus) 

(KiL. DICT.), 0,N,Vo&6\m,; bag; cod, husk', 

Mat. X. 10; Ch. C. t. C534 ; (pillow) Townl. 

84 ; codde husk, scrotum PR. p. 85 ; mid 

fine . . . codde (skin) o. & N. 1124 ; winberian 

oodde8(//.) LEECHD. III. 112*; coddis \^ sili- 

qvis '] WiCL. Lk. XV. 16 ; coddis of silke H al- 

Liw. 262 ; comp, ballok-, bdn-, p6s-cod. 
cod, sb., cod (the fish), B. B. 174. 
code, see cude. 
codling, sb., codling (fish), * morus* PR. P. 85 ; 

* mullus* VOC. 189. 
oodiile, sb., 0.E, cudele; cuttle, * sepia,* 

PR. P. 85. 
co-empcion, sb., Lat. co-emptio ; co-emption ; 

coempcioun, ))at is to sein, comune achat, or 

biing togidere Ch. Boet. L 4 (15). 
coeteme, adj., Lat, co-aeteraus ; co-eternal, 

Ch. Boet. v. 6 (172). 
cof, oofe, oofliche, see c&fl 
cofln, sb.,(7.jFr.cofin, mod,Eng, coffin ; basket, 

' cophinusi PR. P. 85 ; WiCL. PS. bpcx. 7 ; cofine 

(pie-crust) L. c, C. 34, 39, 41 ; oofflns (//.) 

Pall. iv. 672. 
oofre, sb., 0,Fr, cofre ; coffer, Bek. 1923 ; c. L. 

992 ; SPEC. 27 ; Ch. C. t. E 585. 
cofreiiy v., Fr, coffrer ; store in a coffer, PL. 

CR. 68. 

cog-boote, see ook-boot under ooke^ 
cogge, sh,,^MX.G, kogge, M,Du, kogghe, 

OJV; kuggr ; smcUl boat, Ch. L. g. w. 1477 ; 

D. Arth. 476 ; oogges (//.) Rich. 4784 ; 

Man. (F.) 12068. 
cogge ', sb., cf, Swed, kugge m,; cog, tooth of a 

wheel, PR. P. 85 ; frogge \dX sit at mulne und^ 

cogge o. & N. 86. 
coghen, see coughen. 
cogitaciun, sb., OJ^r, cogitaciun ; cogitation, 

A. R. 288. 
cognaciouiiy sb., 0,Fr, cognation, Lat. cog- 

natio ; kindred, WiCL. gen. x. 31, xxiv. 4. 
cognisaunce, sb., 0,Fr. conissance ; know- 
ledge, DREAM 3091. 
coi, adj., O.Fr. coi, qvoi, mod.Eng. coy ; 

guiet, PR. P. 86 ; Ch. C. t. A 119. 
coieiiy v., make quiet, CH. Tro. ii. 801 ; ooies 

(pres.) ALIS." (Sk.) 1175. 
coife, sb., O.Fr. coife ; coif, PR. P. 86 ; Man. 

(F.) 10896 ; helm & coife Fer. 1605. 
coilon, sb., O.Fr. coilon; testicle-, coildns, 

coillons (pi.) Ch. C. t. C952. ^ ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



138 



COIIU 



doliiie. 



COiiijsK, O.Fr. coin,coing; ^^Vi,Ch.f.age2o; 

cotgne Langl. C \L 46 ; coni, cuni PR. p. 282. 
coin \ q vol n, s b . ^ Ft. coin ; quincCyWOQ, 1 63, 1 92. 
coinerij v-j O.Fr, coigner ; coin : coigne fe 

monei Gow, IL 83 j coined (fip/e,) Man. 

(H/) 239. 
cointf adj., (?,/'>, coint, Jrom Lat. cognitus ; 

nwd^ Eng. quaint ; famous^ well -known ; 

ktw^ving^ ch-ifcr, skilful; neat^elegant\ WILL. 

^%l ; Gaw. 1526; cointe, cwointe A. R. 140; 

of se cointe (7^. r. icudd) keiser Kath. 580 ; 

qvoint Map .137 ; a, p, i. 888 ; Jjc qvointe swike 

KoB. 105 ; qvdnte Ch. C. T. B 1426. 

25; qvemtJiche Will. 3233; qveinteliR.R.783. 
coin tan, v., acquaint \ oointed (pret,) him 

Will. 4644 \ qvainted him Man. (H.) 225. 
Cointise, sb., O.Fr. cointise; skill; wisdom; 

orfinmcni\ qvointise A. P. iii. 39; RoB. 51; 

cointice, qveiiuiseWlLL. 1665,4220; qveintise 

R. R, 83B ; qvaintise A. P. ii. 1632. 
coiser sb., = Pcweise ; f ulcer (term of abuse for 

a woman) : fjis foule great coise Gow. I. 100. 
Coisi^ adj.,? =^qvaei, or =*cweisi from oweise; 

f queasy \ codling, cungur, and suche coisi 

fishe M. T, 118. 
ooite^ sb., quoit ^ pr. p. 86. 
coiten, yh.,piay at quoits^ ^petriludo' PR.P.86. 
colter, sb.j quoit-player^ ^ petriludus^ PR. P. 

86. 

cokj si^e coo. eok, see coo. 
[cok, coke r>] 
cok-beUe, sb., small be 11^ ^nola,' PR. p. 86 ; 

cokebelle TreV. I. 2 19. 
[coke, sb., OJ^r, coque ; cf coggc] 
cok-boot, sb., cockboat, LlDG. M. P. 152 ; 

cogboote ' scafa * PR, p. 86. 
cokel [cokkel], sb., 0,E, cocel, coccel ; cf Ir, 

cogal ; cockle [u^eedu Ch. C. T. ^ 1183 ; kokil 

[* zizania '] WiCL, MAT.xiii. 25 ; REL. II. 80 ; 

cnckel I. 36 ; cokkil LiDG. M. P. 149. 
coken, v., from o6e ; cf M,Du. koken, O.H.G, 

cocboTi^ from LaL coqvere; cook\ coked 

ipple,) Langl. Cxvi. 60. 
cokenei, sb., Mfj^^/.^ff^. cockney; f hen^s egg 

{sie MURRAV in academy 10 May 1890); 

spoiled child ^ milksops simpleton, PR. P. 86 ; 

cokenai Ch. C. t. A 4208 ; ne no kokenei , . . 

coloppes for to maken Langl. ^vi. 287. 
coker, sb., O.K. ii^^T,^0,Fris\^^XyO,H.G. 

chochar ; quiver for af rows; kind of half-boot 

or gaiter; enne koker LA3. 6470 ; cocur,cokir 

' cothurnus ' PR. p. 84 ; cokeres (//.) Langl. 

B \h 62. 

Cokerol, sb., cockerel; kokerel PR. P. 281. 
eokerie, sb ,^M.Du. kokerie ; cookery, Gow. 

!1. 83. 
cokcnn, v., keep nrarm, PR. p. 85. 

cokerlngQ, sb., warming, * folio,* PR. P. 85 ; 

o, & N. 504. 



coket, sb., sort of fine bread, Langl. Cix. 326. 

ookewold, see ciikeweald. 

c61, sb., 0,E. col, cf 0.N, kol n., 0,H,G. 
chol n,, cholo m.; coal; col AYENB. 205 ; Will. 
2520 ; dude j)er inne muchel col Laj. 2366 ; col 
groweb under lond Trev. I. 399 ; col [cole] 
Ch. C. t. a 2692 ; cole Horn (L.) 590 ; s. s. 
(Wr.) 2170; PR. c. 6762; a qvic cole Bev. 
1548; as blak as cole P. L. s. ii. 42; c61e 
(dat.) HOM. I. 27 ; Las. 17701 ; c61eB (//.) 
Mand. ioi ; c61en (ctat pi.) HOM. I. 251 ; 
brennen to colen gen. & ex. 2653 ; comp. 
char-cole. 

c61-blak, adj., coal-black, o. & N. 75 ; Ch. 
C. T. A 2142. 

c61-fox, sb., = G^^. kohlfuchs, Du, koolvos ; 
brant-fox, Ch. C. T. B 4405. 
c61-mdBe, sb., O.E, colmase, = G^^r. kol- 
meise ; titlark, PR. p. 88. 
c6l-put,sb.,(9.£'. colpytt; coal-pit, MISC 183. 
c61-rake, sb., coal-rake, voc. 276 ; PR. P. 88. 

col, colle, ?adj. or pr.n. ; ? cunning; f nick- 
name given to rogues : colle tregetour Ch. 
H. F. 1277. 

col, sb., O.E. c6l,=il/.Z?j^.koel, 0,H,G. chuol ; 
from cdlen ; cool, Mand. 305 ; cool Misc 
149 ; his red was to coul Shor. 105 ; |>at 
cole red Rob. 131. 

ool, see caul. 

coloase, sb., Za/. coIoca>ia ; Egyptian bean. 
Pall. iv. 25. 

c61d, c61den, see c&ld, cdlden. 

c61der, sb., prov.Eng, colder {chaff) ; f rub- 
bish : coolder, coldir, ^petrosa, petro,* PR. P. 
86. 

cole, sb., coolness : in hete or cole s. & C II. 

XXX. 

coler, sb., 0,Fr, coler; collar, Rob. 223; 

Langl. ^prol. 169 ; coUer PR. p. 87. 
eolere, sb., 0,Fr, colere ; choler, Wicl. 

ECCLUS. xxxi. 23 ; coler Gow. III. 99. 
colered, pple., having a collar, Ch. C. t. 

A21S2. 
colerik, adj., choleric, Ch. C. t. A 587 ; colrik 

AYENB. 157. 
colfre, see culfre. 
coliaundre, see coriandre. 
colien, v., 0.E, c5lian, = 0,L,G. colon ; cf 

kelen ; cool, become or make cool; colin 

^frigefacio* PR. P. 87; colen Gam. 540; 

colen her carez Gaw. 1254; cdlede {pret,} 

Jul. 70 ; coolid (pple,) PR. P. By ; comp. 

a-, for-odlien. 
coUere, sb., cf M,H,G, kolaere; from c61; 

collier, coal-dealer; colieres (PL) OCTOV. 

(W.) 495 ; kolieres Will. 2523. 
colike, sb., Fr, colique ; colic, PR. P. Zy, 
colirie, sb., 0,Fr. colire, Lai, collyrium ; 

eye-salve^ WiCL. apoc iii. 18. 



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t 



oolis. 



commtlii. 



129 



oolis, sb., 0,Fr, coleis ; sort of broth ; kolis 
L. c. c 20. 

colity sb.,=aoolit; acolyte^ WiCX. 2 Thess. 
PROL. ; PR. P. Z%. 

coike, sb., core of fruity * interior pars fiomiy 
CATH. 71 ; appel . . . ]>at even in middes has 
acolkePR. C. 6445 ; oolke {dat.) TOWNL. 281. 
cdlknify sb., see eaul. 

collaoioon, sb., Za/. coUatio ; discourse; con- 
sideration; comparison^ WiCL. 2 Macc. xii. 
43; Ch. C. t. (W.) 8199; collacion Gow. 
I. 237; colasioun Ch. Boet. iv. 4 (125); 
coUaoions (//.) AYENa 155. 
colle, sb., / 0,E» (morgen-) colla; frage^ P. s. 
157. 
colleote, sb., med,Lat, collecta; collection; 
collect (short prayer) ; J>e collecte of euerich 
tide A. R. 20 ; collect WiCL. 2 PARAL. vii. 9 ; 
colect 2 ESD. viii. 18; ooUectis (pL) or ga- 
deringis of moneie I COR. xvi. i. 
OoUen, v., f for aooUen ; embrace ; colle 
WiCL. ECCLES. iii. 5 ; koUed {pret.) Will. 69; 
colled Langu ^ xi. 16. 
oolllnge, sb., embracing \ coUingis (pi.) 
WiCL. GEN. xlvi. 29. 

Oollen% v., cf Swed. kulla (behead) \ tkill\ 
cole c M. 3135 ; see oullen. 
colmi, see oulmi. 

colok, sb., cofiy drinking vessel^ ^ cantharus^ 
voc 257. 

colop, sb., cf OSwed, kollops ; collop^ mince- 
meat'^ colloppe ^frixcUura, cdrbonaciUm^ PR. 
P. 88 ; oolopes [coioppes] (//.) Langl. A vi. 
287. 

oolor, sb., 0,Fr, colour; colour \ colour, 
Shor. 26 ; Will. 764 ; som colour of rijte 
Rob. 313; colur Horn (L.) 16. 
colorin, v. O.Fr, colorer ; colour^ PR. P. 88 ; 
coloureth (pres:) Gow. III. 139; oolourid 
(pple) WiCL. GEN. XXX. 32; colored A. P. ii. 456. 
oolpon, sb., Fr, coupon; shred\ culpoun PR. P. 
108 ; colpons [culpons] (pL) Ch. C. t. A 679; 
culpons Iw. 642. 

colt, sb., 0,E. colt ; colt^ ^pullus* PR. P. ZZ ; 
HOM. I. 3; Jul. 55; Ch. C. t. -^43263; 
LiDG. M. p. 255 ; J>at colt LEB. Jes. 798 ; fet 
colt ayenb. 185 ; i hadde al wei a ooltes igen.) 
to}> Ch. C. t. Z? 602 ; coltis f&t coifs foot 
tussilago LEECHD. III. 319. 
coltisoh, adj., coltish, Ch. C. t. E 1847. 
oolnmbine, sb., Fr, colomblne; columbine 
(plant), SPEC 26. 

ooltUDne,sb., OJ^r, columne; column, PR. P. 
88. 

ccdvere, colvre, see oulfre. 
oolward, adj., 0,Fr. culvert; f perverse, 
A. P. ii. 181 ; cf culvert. 
OOlwen, v., blacken with coal\ oolwid (pple.) 
PR. P. 88; (h)is koUede snoute HORN (R.) 
1088. 



oolwie^ adj., grimy, Horn (L.) 1094. 

oomandement, sb., 0,Fr, co-, commande- 
ment ; commaHdmeAt, Ctt. C. T, D67 \ com- 
mandement misc. 33. 

comandeiiy v., 0,Fr, co-, commander ; com- 
mand', commaunde Gow. I. 2; eomaimde 
(pres.) C L. 956. 

eOTnniftulldlng, sb., commandment, Gow. 
1-3. 

comandonr, sb., O^Fr, comandeor, coman- 
dour ; coMmander, PR. P. 88. 

oomby see oamb. 

oombranoe, sb., trouble, annoydnce, d. Troy 
9169 ; combraunce a. p. ii. 3 ; dep. R. iii. 
113 ; cumbraunce D. Troy 12076. 

oombren, v., O.Fr. tomhYtT,from Lat. cumu- 
lus; encumber, annoy ', to combren }>e chirche 
PL. CR. 461 ; hit combrea (pres.) uchone 
A. P. ii. 1023 ; cumbred (pple.) entangled 
TRANS. XVIII. 28; cumbered Em. 483; fat 
cumbered was wij> parlesi M. H. 129 ; corn- 
bred Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (94) ; a. p. ii. 901. 

oombiirmenty sb., </. O.Fr. encombrement ; 
encumbrance, perplexity, Alis. 471, 7764. 

oombuBty adj., LcU. combustus; burnt uj^ 
(said of planets near the sun), Ch. Tro. in* 
686 ; asTr. ii. 4(31). 

oome, see ouine. oomel^ see oumel* 

oomen, see oumen. 

oomende, v., Lat. commendare; commend, 
Langl. Cxv. 35. 

comete, sb., Fr. comete ; Lat. cometa ; cotnel, 
Laj. 17871 ; Rob. 416. 

oomin, see oiimin. 

cominalt see oomonAltd. 

comlen, see oumlen. 

commedi, sb., O.Fr. comedie, Gr. Katfuj^dla ; 
comedy, Trev. I. 315. 

oommencement, sb., O.Fr. commencement ; 
commencement, Misc. 30. 

oommendaoidny sb., commendation, Gow. 
III. 145. 

oommissarie^ sb., commissary, Langl. A ii. 
154. 

oommixeiiy v., mix together^ Pall. ii. 21 » 
iii. 3' 

oommixtiotin, sb., Lat. commixtio, O.Fr. 
conmiistion ; mixing together, Trev. II. 159. 

oommodiouSy adj., convenient, Pall. ii. 22. 

CommoeTen, v., O.Fr. commovoir; excite, 
move ; comin6ve)> (pres.) Ch. Tro. v. 1797 ; 
oommoevede (pret.) Ch. Boet. iii. 12 (107) ; 
eomm61red (pple.) Gow. III. 205. 
oommoeVingey sb., excitement, Ch. Boet. 
iv (12). 

oommun, adj., (?./>*. comun; common, ayenb. 
37; comun P. L. s. xvii. 404; commun 
[comoun] a M. 7176. 
ooxntUi«nchet adv., commonly, AYENa 1451 



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13© 



communi. 



com muni, v., OSr. communier; commune^ 

AVKNB. 102; comune [comine] WiCL. PS. 

t\xl. 4, 
comuner, ^h,^ partaker; citizertyV^lCL, i Pet. 

V. \\ TowNL. 210; oominers, members of 

town coundl^ E. G. 380. 

comun in ge, sb., participation ; public meet- 
ing \ comcningeWlCL. i COR.x. 16; E.G. 380. 
communion, sb., O.Fr, communion ; (hoiy) 

comffUifiii)^^ PR. P. 89. 
comonalto, sb., O.Fr. communalt^; com- 

monaify, Mand. (H.) 54; cominalte WiCL. 

PKOV. xxix. 2*. 
eomp, set? camp. 
compacient, adj., compassionate^iCh, i Pet. 

iii. S* 
compaignable, adj., O.Fr. compaignable ; 

socittMe ; \if. r. companable, com-, cumpani- 

able] Cm. C.t.^ 1194; Gener. 2260; pr. P. 

109. 
oompaignie, sb., O.Fr, com-, cumpaignie; 

compiiny, Man. (F.) 3131 ; cumpaignie p.l. s. 

xiij* 185; companie misc. 138; cumpanie 

Will. 1 [^34, 
compoanotm, sb., O.Fr, compaignon; com- 

ptifiio}}^ Rub. 252. 
companuge, sb., O.Fr. companage; any- 

thini^ €att:n with breads P. S. 240 ; WiCL. S. w. 

I. 19. 
comparer, sb., f checking-clerk, ayenb. 243. 
oamparifoUf sb., O.Fr. compareson; com- 

piuison, Ck. C. T. B 846 ; comparisoun BOET. 

iL 7 (58)1 AYENB. 81. 

eoniparisounen, v., compare, WiCL. Mk. iv. 

30 ; comparlsunez {pres.) A. P. ii. 161 ; 

comparisoun (imper.) we [^ comparemus^] 

WiCL. 1 Maccx. 71 ; oomparisound (pret.) 

Ch. J'oiiT. ii. 7 (58). 
compas, sb.^ O.Fr. compas ; compass ; cum- 

pas c. L, 739 ; compas [cumpas] Ch. C. t. A 

imq\ c. M. 8797. 
compassemont, sb., contrivance, stratagem, 

Man (H-j 255 ; compacement Will. 1981. 
compassen, v., O.Fr, compasser; compass, 

Langl. Cxxii. 241; cumpassede (pret.) 

LEG. 12. 

compas Binge, sb., boundary, R. R. 1349 ; 
c^jt/riiume Ch. H. F. 1 188 ; Ch. C. T. A 1996. 

compassion, sb., O.Fr, compassion; com- 
passum, AYENB. 148 ; Ch. C. T.A ilio. 

coEDpellen, v., O.Fr. compeller; compel', 
compellede (pret.) Trev. IV. 95. 

com pens en, v.,Lat. compensare ; compensate, 
requiit \ compensed (pple.) Gow. I. 365. 

com per, sb., O.Fr. compair ; compeer, * com- 
part PR. I'. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 670 ; compers 
(pL) Will. 370; cumpers misc. 212. 

compilatour, sb., Fr, compilateur ; compiler, 
Ch, astr- frol. (2). 



oonoSlement. 

compilen, v., O.Fr. compiler; compile ; 00m- 
piled (pple) Gow. III. 48. 

compilour, sb., compiler, Man. (H.) 6. 

complainte, sb., O.Fr. complainte; com- 
plaint, PR. P. 89; compleinte Gow. I. in. 

compleine, v., O.Fr. complaindre ; complain, 
Ch. C. 1.A 908 ; compleig^ende (pple.) Gow. 
1.88. 

oompleininge, sb., act of making a com- 
plaint, Gow. 1. 327. 

complet, adj., Lat. completus; complete, 
WiCL. s. w. I. 323. 

eomplexioun, sb., O.Fr. complexion ; consti- 
tution of body, temperament, AYENB. 157; 
complexions (pi.) Gow. III. 97. 

oompli, sb., O.Fr. complie ; complin Bek. 
2078; cumplie a. r. 24, 428; cumpelie 22. 

complie, v., O.Fr. complir; accomplish, Shor. 
100 ; see oomplissen. 

complin, sb., last service of the day in monas- 
tic establishments, Ch. C. T. 7386 ; cumpline 
* completorium * PR. P. 109. 

complissen, v., accomplish, Ch. Boet. iv. 
4 (124) ; Mer. 1. ii. 61 ; see compile. 

composition, sb., O.Fr. composicioun ; Gow. 

I. 31. 

compoune, v., Lat. componere ; compose, put 
together, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 (87). 

comprehende, v., Z^i/.comprehendere ; com- 
prehend, Ch. C. t. E 223 ; PR. a 7463- 

compte, sb., O.Fr. compte ; counting, R. R. 
5028. 

compten, v., O.Fr. compter; count, Gow. 
111.31,44. 

compunccidn, sb., O.Fr. compunction ; com- 
punction, WiCL. PS. iv. 5. 

compunct, adj., Lat. compunctus; haling 
compunction, WiCL. DEEDS ii. 37. 

comsen, v., O.Fr. co-, cumencer ; commence ; 
comse Will. 2244; comseth [cumsef] (pres.) 
Langl. A\. 128 ; cumse^ Jul. 2. 
comsinge, sb., beginning. Will. 4868. 

comune, sb., Fr. commune ; community, 
people y Langl. .5 prol. 115; ^ commons^ 
food, Rob. 528. 

comunete, sb., O.Fr. community; com- 
munity, DEP. R. iv. 41. 

comiinliche, see under commun. 

con, see can. conabill, see oovenable. 

conand, see convenant. 

conceit, sb., notion, conception, ^ conceptus^ 
PR. P. 89 ; ^e word was liche to be conceipte 
Gow. I. 7 ; oonseites (pi.) Ch. Tro. iii. 755. 

conceitate, sb., conception, Townl. 75. 

conceive, v., O.Fr. congoivre ; conceive, LEG. 
83 ; conceive}? (pres.) ayenb. 136. 
conoeivinge, oons^winge, sb., conception, 
PR. P. 89 ; WiCL. GEN. iii. 16. 

concelement, sb., concealment, Man. (H.) 297. 



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conc51en« 



conjeoto. 



13J 



ooncelen^ v., 0,Fr, conceler; conceal \ con- 
oeled (pple.) Gow. II. 282. 

concentrik, adj., 0,Fr, concentrique ; con- 
centric^ consentrik Ch. astr. i 17 (9). 

concepcioun, sb., conception^ Shor. i 19. 

condence, see consoienoe. 

concilie, sb., O.Fr. cuncilie, concile ; council^ 
Sax. chr. 254. 

conclaYOy sb., Lat.,, O.Fr. conclave ; conclave, 
Gow. I. 254. 

concluden, v., conclude, Ch. C. t. A 1358. 

conclusion, sb., 0,Fr. conclusion; conclusion, 
Gow. I. 23. 

concordable, adj., ZM, concordabilis; agree- 
ing, Gow. I. 253, 361, III. 204. 

concordaunoe, sb., O.Fr. concordance ; 
agreement, LiDG. M. P. 48. 

eonoordeiiy v., make to agree, Ch. Tro. 
iii. 1702. 

oonoubine, sb., 0,Fr, concubine ; concubine, 
Rob. 27 ; Ch. C. t. A 650. 

cononpiscenoe, sb., O.Fr, concupiscence; 
carnal desire, Gow. III. 267, 285. 

concnrbite, sb., Lat. cucurbita ; flask used in 
distilling; concurbites (pi.), Ch. C. t. G 794. 

oondescenden, v., 0,Fr, condescendre ; con- 
descend, Ch. C. t. E 407; condecendre ayenr 
157. 

condicion, sb., O.Fr. condicion; conditu>n, 
AYENB. 173 ; condicioun Ch. C. t. A 38. 

condite, v., from conduit ; conduct, Merl. 
I. ii. 50, iii. 577 ; condited (pret.) I. ii. 144. 

conditoury sb., conductor, Merl. III. 549. 

conduen, v., O.Fr. con^wm, from Lat. con- 
ducere; conduct; coundue Gaw. 1991 ; con- 
d&e|) (pres.) AYENB. 122; condie (subj.) Man. 
(H.) 182. 

conduit, sb., O.Fr. conduit ; conduit, conduct, 
Trey. IV. 365; condut Rob. 212; ayenb. 
202 ; cundut O. & N. 483 ; saf conduit safe- 
cmduct Gow. 1 1. 160; condwis (pi.) channels, 
AYENB. 91 ; condites Mand. 217 ; coundutes 
(carols) of krist masse Gaw. 1654. 

conestable, sb., O.Fr. conestable ; constable^ 
Hay. 2286 ; cunestable hom. I. 247 ; con- 
stable Rob. 538. 

conestablesse, sb., constables wife, Ch. C. t. 
^539. 

confeccionn, sb., O.Fr. confeccion; pre- 
paration. Trey. I. 221. 

confederacie, sb., LcU. confoederatio ; con- 
federacy, Ch. Boet. ii. 6 (53). 
confermen, v., O.Fr. confermer; confirm, 
L. H. r. 27 ; confermi Bek. 481 ; ayenb. 
121. 

oonfbrminge, sb., confirmation, RoB. 277; 
Shor. 13. 

Ponfessen, v., O.Fr. confesser ; confess ; 
oonfeiBe (pres.) Gow. I. 107. 



confessioun, sb., OJ^r, confession ; con- 
fession, Mand. 119. 
oonfessonr, sb., confessor, p. l. s. xii. r ; 

AYENB. 172; oonfescK^urs (pL) ayenb. 267 ; 

confessoren (dat.pl.) hom. I. 239. 
oonflrmacion, sb., O.Fr. confirmacion ; con- 
firmation, Gow. I. 258 ; Man. (H.) 209. 
oonfirmement, sb., O.Fr, confirmement ; 

confirmation, SHOR. 15. 
oonflt, sb., O.Fr. confit ; preserve : dates in 

confite R. B. 167. 

oonfonde, v., O.Fr. confundre, -fondre ; con- 
found, Marg. 173; confundi Shor. 112. 
conforme, v., O.Fr. confonner; confo7'm^ 

Gow. II. 106. 
oonfort, sb., O.Fr. con-, cunfort; comfort^ 

h. m. 27 ; Will. 1408 ; cunfort hom. I. 185 ; 

kunfort [cumfort] A. R. 236 (v. r. elne). 
oonfort-les, adj., comfortless*, comforteles, 

coumfortles GENfiR. 987, 307J. 
oonfortable, 2i^].,kelpjul, comforting, Gener. 

2212; comfortabill Hamp. tr. 2. 
oonforten, v., O.Fr. conforter; strengthen, 

comfort, Langl. B\. 201; conforti P. L. s. 

XV. 116; oonforted (pple.) Will. 380. 
oonfus, adj., O.Fr. confus ; confused, Langl. 

Bx. 136; confous Greg. 644. 
confusion, sb., O.Fr. confusion; confusion, 

AYENB, 229 ; confusion [confusioun] Ch. C. t. 

CP23. 
oongeien, v., O.Fr. congier (cong/dier) ; bid 
farewell to, dismiss, Cli# TRO. v. 478 ; congeie 

Langl. A iii. 167 ; eongeide (pret.) Gow. 

II. 238. 
congelatidn, sb., <9./^r. congelation; conge- 
lation (in alchemy), Gow. II. 86. 
cong^len, v., O.Fr. congeler ; congeal ; oon- 

g61ed (ppie.) Gow. III. 86. 
congen, v.,=congeien, Man. (II.) 323. 
conger, sb., O.Fr. congre; conger; cunger 

voc. 97 ; kunger p. L. s. xxxiv. 2. 
congie, sb., O.Fr. congi^ (congS) \ farewell \ 

congeie Langl. B xiii. 202. 
congrafiTen, v., cf. O.Fr, graffe ; write down ; 

congraffet (pple) C. L. 1055. 
congruite, sb., O.Fr. congruit^; concord,, 

Gow. II. 90, III. 136. 
coning, sb., O.Fr. connin; cony, rabbit, 

^cuniculus,' voc. 177 ; Will. 182 ; ne koning 

ne hermine misc. 70; coning [coni] WiCL. 

LEV. xi. 5; cunig P. L. s. viii, 182 ; conig 

MiN. viii. 75 ; cunin HOM. U. 231 ; ooninges 

(pi.) Langl. B prol. 193 ; conies Ch. p. f. 

193. 
comngerCy sb., rabbit burrow, warren ; con- 

ningere * cunicularium^ PR. P. 90; coningeria 

(pi.) LiDG. M. P. 174. 
conjecte, v., Lat. conjectare; conjecture, 

guess, WiCL. Ez. xxi. 19; eonjeote (pres.) 

Ch. Boet. i. 6 (27). 

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132 



eonjdote. 



oontemplaoidn. 



ooqjeotere, sb., diviner^ WiCL. xxiii. 7. 

ooT\jeotinge, sb., divination : he shal take 

conjectinge or suspicioun WiCL. Ez. xxi. 19. 
oonjoignen, v., 0,Fr, conjoindre, mod.Eng, 

conjoin ; join together ; oonjoignen (pres, 

subj,) Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (92). 
conjoint, pple., joined together, Gow. III. 

joi, 127. 

conjoininge [oonjoigninge], sb., conjoin- 

ittg, Ch. C. t. (?95. 
conjon, oongeon, sb., dwarf, pr. p. 90; 

conjoiin AYENB. 76 ; conjoun (printed 

coinoim) Alis. 17 18; congioun DEP. R. iii. 45. 
conjiinccidn, sb.. conjunction (in astronomy), 

Ch. astr. ii. 32 (41) ; Gow. 111. 67. 
conjure p sb., conjuration, magic, Gow. II. 

247, 
conjure J v., 0,Fr, conjurer; conjure, Ch. 

C. T, B 1834; oonjlirede (pret,) Bek. 2313. 
oonjureson, sb., 0»Fr. conjureison; con- 
spiracy j enchantment, Fh. Si Bh, 312; con- 

juracioun CH. BOET. i. 4 (18). 
oonn^n, see ounnen. 
oonqu^re, v., 0,Fr, conqverre; conquer, Fer. 

537; Man. (F.) 3127; ounoweari (pres,) 

H. M. 33. 
conquorour, sb., 0»Fr. conqvereur; con- 

qiuror^ p. S. 250; CH. C. T. A 862. 
conquaste, sb., 0,Fr. conqveste ; conquest, 

Shok. 148 ; Man. (F.) 4599. 
conqussten, v., 0,Fr, conquester; conquer*, 

i^>nqu&Bt (pple,) A. P. ii. 1 304. 
Conrai, sb., 0,Fr, conroi ; provision, C. M. 

11513 : conrei (troop) Man. (H.) 304. 
eonBCidnoOy sb., 0,Fr, conscience; con- 
science, A. r. 306 ; concience (consciousness) 

Gaw, 1194. 
conseil, sb., 0,Fr, con-, cunseil ; counsel, Laj. 

2324* ; MISC. 26 ; Rob. 48 ; Hoccl. i. 76 ; 

consail Bek. 881 ; cunsail L. N. F. 217 ; coim- 

sail A. R» 70 ; PR. C. 5943. 
©onseilere, sb., O.Fr. conseller; counsellor, 

Man. (H.) 54; l. n. f. 216; kunsiler A. R. 

410^ cQunseilors (pL) Gow. II. 223; coun- 

Sellers Mer. iii. 37. 
aon^eUIe, v., 0,Fr. conseillier; counsel, 

Langl, i9 prol* 115; Ch. C. t. Z>66; 

conseili RoB. 214. 
consecraoioun, sb., O.Fr, consecration ; con- 

secrafwn, APOL. 48. 
oonsence, sb., 0,Fr, consense, kunsence; 

consent^ A. R. 288. 
consantement, sb., O.Fr, consentement ; 

co/tsent, AYENB. II, 19. 
oonsenteny v., 0,Fr, con-, cunsentir ; consent, 

kunsenten a. r. 272 ; consent Gow. II. 95 ; 

consentede (Pret,) BEK. 1871. 
donsantingey sb.; consenting, AYENB. 117, 

176. 



consequent, sb., consequence, inference, Ch. 

BOET. iii. 9 (84). 

conserve, ^h., preservation, Gow. III. 22, 86. 

conserven, v., O.Fr, conserver; keep, Ch. 

Tro. v. 309. 

consideration, sb.. O.Fr, consideration; con- 
sideration, Gow. III. 178. 

consistorie, sb., O.Fr. consistorie ; consistory, 
Langl. B ii. 177 ; constorie A iii. 32. 

consonans, sb., consonant, P. l. s. xxxiv. 3. 

conspiracie, sb., conspiracy, Trev. 111-335 
Ch. C. T. C149. 

conspiracioun, sb., O.Fr. conspiracion ; con- 
spiracy, WiCL. 2 PARAL. xxxiii. 24; oon- 
spiraoions (pi.) ayenb. 23. 

conspire, v., O.Fr. consplrer ; conspire, Gow. 
I. 232. 

conspirement, sb., conspiracy, Gow. I. 216. 

Constance, sb., O.Fr, Constance; constancy, 
AYENB. 167. 

constellacion, sb., O.Fr. constelladon ; con- 
stellation, Ch. C. t. a 1088. 

constitucion, sb., O.Fr, constitution ; consti- 
tution, Gow. II. 75. 

constorie, see consistorie. 

constreinin, v., O.Fr. constraindre ; con- 
strain, PR. P. 91 ; constreinen Mand. 188 ; 

' oonstreined (pple.) Ch. Boet. iii. 2 (97). 
coDStreiner, sb., overseer of workmen', 
constreiners (pi) WiCL. ex. v. 6. 
oonstreigning-Ii, adv., WiCL. i Pet. v. 2. 

constreinte, sb., constraint, Ch. Tro. iv. 741. 

construccion, sb., O.Fr, construction; con- 
struction, PR. p. 91. 

constrain, v., Fr. construire ; construe, PR. P. 
91 ; construe Langl. A iv. 133. 

consuetude, sb., Lat. consuetudo; custom, 
WiCL. I KINGS XX. 25. 

consul, sb., O.Fr. consul; consul, Trev. I. 
239. 

consiimen, v., Fr. consumer; consume; oon- 
Bumed (pple.) WiCL. GEN. xli. 36. 

consumpt, adj., Lai. consumptus ; consumed, 
Ch. Boet. (60). 

contac, sb., contest, strife, ayenb. 15 ; contak 
S. S. (Wr.) 1718 ; contek RoB. 90. 

contacki, v., debate, strive, ayenb. 57 ; oon- 
teokede (pret.) P. L. s. xiii. 310. 

conte, sb., O.Fr. cont^, comtat ; county; counte 
Langl. ^ii. 85; countes (//.) Man. (H.) 
133- 

contemi, v., Fr. contenir ; contain, Rob. 547 ; 
contained (pple.) Mand. i. 

contekour, sb., debater, E. G. 4 ; oonteokours 
(pi.) Bek. 196. 

contemplacion, sb., O.Fr. contemplacion ; 
contemplation, ayenb. 204; contemplaciuQ 
A. R. 142. 



Digitized by 



Google 



contemplatif. 

contemplatify adj., Fr, contemplatif; con- 
templative, AYENB. 247. 

contempt, sb., O.Fr, contempt ; contempt : 
in contempte of regalie Gow. 1. 217. 

contenancOy sb., O.Fr, contenance ; counten- 
ance, Rob. 333; Ch. C. t. ^320; cun- 
tenaunce Will. 1397. 

content, adj.,/^r. content ; content, Gener. 368. 

contesse, sb., 0,Fr. cuntesse, contesse, 
cuntesse; countess, Sax. chr. 264; contas 
Rob. 159. 

continuele, adj., 0,Fr, continuel ; continual, 
PR. c 8947. 

continue(l)-liohe, adv., continually, p. L. s. 
xvii. 220. 

continence, sb., O.Fr. continence; conti- 
nence, Gow. 1. 19. 
continuance^ sb., continuance, patience, Gow. 

II. 7, 14. 
continuin, v., 0,Fr, continue! ; continue, PR. 

P. 91 ; continue Langl. B xii. 39 ; contune 

APOL. 12 ; continued (pret,) Trev. 1. 73. 
contourben, v., Lat, conturbare; agitcUe; 

contourbed (pple,) Gow. I. 49. 
contrarie, adj., O.Fr, contraire; contrary, 

Misa 30; AYENB. 136; contrare {sb.) A. p. ii. 

3; contraire Gow. I. 22. 
contrari-li, adv., apol. ioi. 
contrarien, v., O.Fr. contrarier; contradict, 

CH.C.T. 7^705. 
contrarious, adj., cf, Ital, contrarioso ; con- 

trary, pr. p. 91 ; AYENB. 28 ; contrarius MISC. 

228; PR. c 1414. 

contrait, sb., contrcut, Shor. 62. 
contre-, see countre-. 
contre, sb., 0,Fr. contree, cuntree ; country, 

Laj. 1282* ; Mand. 244 ; contre [cuntre] Ch. 

C. T. A 216 ; cuntre Will. 6. 
contre-man, sb., countryman; oontrai- 

men {pi,) p. l. s. xii. 56. 
contrevore, sb., cf,, 0,Fr, troveure, and oon- 

trdven ; contrivance, Man (H.) 334. 
contricion, sb., 0,Fr. contriciun ; contrition, 

Langl. ^xi. 130. 
contr6yen, v., 0,Fr. controver; contrive; 

contreove, contre ve Man. (F.) 7146, 8986; 

contreve Langl. ^ x. 19 ; oontrdves {pres.) 

PR. C. 1 561. 
contubemial, adj., Lat. contubemalis ; 

having the same dwelling : humble folk ben 

Cristes frendes; thei ben contubemial \ed. 

Morris contumiallil with the Lord Ch. C. T. 

/760. 

contomelie, sb., O.Fr. contumelie; con- 
tumely, Ch. C. T. 7556. 
conveie, v., O.Fr. conveier ; convey; cLCCom- 

pany,yNiLL, 5111 ; Man. (F.) 13123. 
convenanty covenant, sb., 0,Fr. co-, con- 

veoant; covenant, Rob. 179, 185 ; covenant, 



coppe. 



m 



covenaunt Shor. 64 ; covenaunt A lis. 2036 \ 

conand Barb, i. 561 ; cunnand iii. 759, 
convenient, adj., Lat. conveniens; con- 
venient, suitable, Ch. Boet. iii. ir (97), 
conventiculy sb., O.Fr. conventicule ; as- 

sembly,'WiCL. PS. xv. 4. 
convers, sb., O.Fr. convers ; proselyte, con* 

vert, WiCL. I paral. xxii. 2 ; deeds ii. 1 1. 
conversacion, sb., O.Fr. conversation ; co/t- 

versation, manner of life, AYENB. c?*"), 241, 
converseny v., 0,Fr. converser ; spcmi one's ^ 

time; oonveraand {pple.) PR. c» 4J97. 
converten, v., O.Fr. convertir; convcpi, Gow. 

IL 58 ; converte Trev. V. 445. 
convicten, v., convict; oonviot {ppie.) Ch. 

Boet. i. 4 (19) ; Wicl. i Cor. xiv. 24 j con- 

victe [convicted] Wicl. Dan. xiii. 61. 
cop, sb., O.E, copp,= 0,Fris. kop, O.iV. koppr, 

O.H,G, choph ; summit, head, P. s. 70 ; rel. 

L 144 ; J)a turres cop Laj. 7781 ; Jie cup of 

J>e hille Mand. 17; coppe {dat.) Cn, ii, r. 

1 166; Parten. 591 1 ; bi j)e coppe he him 

nam Laj. 684*; from j)e tures coppe A. R. 

228 ; coppes {pi.) Trev. IlL 451 ; }je coppis 

of fe hilh's Wicl. gen. viii. 5. 
cope, sh.,= O.L.G. copa, 0,H.G. chuophaj 

coop; coop ^ ciphus^ {kv^o%) voc. 17S. 
cope, see o&pe. copen, see coupon, 
copen, v., put on the cope, Langl. l vii, 28S j 

cope}? {pres,) Bin, 142; copid© [p^fi. pL) 

Cm, 240; coped {adj,) Civ. 38. 
copenere, see under oopnien. 
coper,sb., (9.£'.copor(LEECHD. IIL }^),fr&m 

Lat. cuprum; copper, Trev. L 261; CH, 

C. T. CP829. 
coperon, coperun, sb., O.Fr, couperon; 

ornament on the lid of a vessel, * capitellufn^ 

PR. P. 91 ; ooperoimes {pi.) a. p. ii* 146^ ; 

coprounes Gaw. 796. 

coperose, sb., Fr. couperose, mod.Eng. cop- 
peras ; sulphate of copper, PR. P. 91. 
copful, see under cuppe. 
copi(e), sb., Fr. copie; copy, Man. (H.J 293 ; 

PR. P. 92 ; {abundance) Trev. L 3o[, 
copiin, v., Fr. copier ; copy, pr. p. 92. 
copious, adj., O.Fr. {Prov.) copios ; copious^ 

PR. P. 92 ; Trev. L 399. 
cople, see couple. 

copmaker, see under ouppe. ^ 

copnien (P copnien), v., f await longingly j 

ich copni \\ cume Marh. 21 ; oopniS KP^^^^) 

Kath. 802 ; copne6 2378. 
copenere (P copenere), sb., O.E, copenere \ 

lover, Trev. IL 199; copenere [copinere] o* 

& N. 1342; copinere MISC. 150; KOfl. lis\ 

copiner s. S. (Web.) 2225. 
coppe, sb., = M,Du. koppe, LvG. kobbe; 

spider, MiRC 1937; {f Printed loppej CH, 

ASTR. i. 3 (4) ; comp. atter-ooppe. 
cop-web, sb., cobweb^ Trev. VIL 343. 



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Google 



134 



coppe. 



oorrupcion. 



coppe, J^t' Guppe, 

copped, iidj., from cop ; having a crest : 

^,M\/p\d as a lark Hallhv, 269. 
cops, JfV oosp, 
eorage, sb., O.Fr. corage ; courage, AYENB. 

164; Max. (F.) 53S4. 
corageufi, adj,, O.Fr. corageus ; courageous, 

Rob, 359. 
coral, sb., O.Fr. coral j ^arai, SPEC 25 ; Ch. 

C. i\ /j 4049. 
corbel, sb., t>./^ corl>el, corbeil ; raven ; cor- 

blal A. v. iL 456; oorbelofl (gen.) Gaw. 1355. 
Corbet, sb,, O./'V, corbct ; Jt?w^ architectural 

i>rnament, f a}rbd\ oorbetz [corbettes] (//.) 

CJi. K. F. 1304. 
Corbio, sb., C./V. corbin {corbeau)\ raven^ 

A. R. 84 ■ c M. 3332 J corbua [corboun] C. M. 

1692. 
cord6| O^Fr. corde ; «7r^^ p. L. s. xviii. 165 ; 

AVbLNB. 58 ; Ch. C. T, A 1 746; binde him. . . 

\\l^ strong corden {pi.) p. L. s. xx. 68. 
COi'den, V.J afiofd^ a me, Ch. C. T, (W.) 

17143 ; [accorde, acorde 7/zo8]. 
cordiouBte, sb., com agcousness^ WiCL. PS. 

liv. 9. 
corduaner, ab., O.Fr. cordouanier; cord- 

•u^aimTj shocmak£r^ PR, P. 92. 
cord wane, sb., O^Fr, cordouan ; cordovan 

IciUher^ PR, P. 92. 
cdre» sb-, O.Fr, coer; core (0/ fi^it) ; ^ arula^ 

I'R. p. 93 J LiDG. M. P, 43 J iiACR. 757 ; kore 

utL. [L 79. 
corfeu, sb., O.Fr. covrefeu, cuevrefu ; curfew, 

Ch, C. r, A 5645 ; corfu s, S. (Web.) 1429. 
coriandre, coliaundre, sb., O.Fr, cori- 

:indrc; coriander^ WlcL. EXOD. xvi. 31. 
[corien, v,,^LKH.G. coron, cboron, M.Du, 

coreD ; taste ; c^ffip. a-oorien.] 
coriour, [curiour], sb., 0,Fr, conreeur ; cur- 

ner, Wf CL. DEEDS ix. 43 ; coriowre PR. P. 93. 
ooriun, sb.j a musical instrument, Laj. 7002. 
cork, sh.,—M,Du. kork; cork, ^ suberies^ cor- 

iix^ pu. P. 93. 
cork -bark, sb., ' cortex^ PR. P. 93. 
oork-tre, sb., * suberiei^ pr. p. 93. 
CorkGB, sb. p!.j \? misreading for toskes]; 

/ tusks \ grassed as a meres wine wij) corkes 

fulle huge D. Arth. 1090. 
corleu, sb,, /V, corlieu; curlew, Langl. B 

xiv. 43 ; curlew WiCU PS. civ. 40. 
cormoraunt, sb,^ />. cormoran ; cormorant, 

WlCL. LEV. xi. i§. 
corn, sb., a£*. com, =^az.6^. com, O.Fris,, 

UdV, komp 0.//.£r. chom, (J(?M. kaum; com, 

grain, Orm. 1500 ; o. S: n. i 126 ; Shor. 32 ; 

H AV. 699 ; P, s. 342 J a com Jul. 79 ; pet com 

me de^ in to gemcr HOM* l*B$; heo freten |>et 

com and )jai grass La^. 3905 ; ))et com ayenb. 

J 40; korn, koren Hav, 1167, 1879; coren 



GEN. & EX. 2134, 2237 ; oome (pi.) Ch. 

H. F. 698 ; comes J»R. c 3420 ; comp. barli-, 

hwete-oom. 
com-er, sb., ear of corn ; com eres (//.) 

Trev. II. 305. 

corn-lond, sh., corn-land, Trev. II. 43. 
oom-stak, sb., stack of corn ; coniBtakkeB 

(pi.) Man. (Y.) 14690. 
com, sh.,p.E.com (leechd. III. 62), tO.Fr, 

com ; corn ion the foot), PR. P. 93. 
comardie, sb., OJ^r, comardie; deception, 

AYENB. 130. 
comemuse, sb., Fr, comemuse; bagpipe, 

Ch. h. f. 1218 ; Gow. III. 358 ; r. r. 4350; 

cormuse PR. P. 93. 
comer, sb., O.Fr. cornier; comer, Mand. 

217; comieres (pi.) ayenb. 124. 
cornered, adj., cornered, having comers, 

Trev. 1. 179, 305. 
comet, sb., O.Fr, comet ; from com ; comet 

(wind instrument), OciOV. (W.) 1069, 1189. 
comi, sb., corny, Ch. C. t. C315. 
comiculere, sb., LcU. comicularius (a Roman 

official) ; Ch. C. T. 6^369. 
Comwaile, pr. n., Cornwall^ Laj. 2246; 

Hav. 178. 
corolarie, sb., Fr, corollaire, Ital, corollario ; 

corollary, Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (91). 
coronacion^ sb., coronation, pr. p. 93. 
coronal^ sb., from Lat, coronalis (adj)\ 

diadem, WiCL. JUD. xvi. 10; coronall 

Gow. II. 46 ; curonalle ANT. Ar. xlix ; corou- 

nal point of a lance Rich. 6218 ; comall B. 

DISC 929, 1603 ; ooronales (pL) Mand. 209. 
corone, see orune. 
coroner, sb., coroner ; coroners (//.) £. G. 

350. 
corosif, adj. & sb., corrosive, Ch. C. t. G 853 ; 

corsies (pL) a. p. ii. 1034. 
coronr, sb., 0,Fr. coreor ; courier, WiCL. JOB 

ix. 25. 
corporal, sb., Fr, corporal ; corporal (altar* 

cloth) ; corporeals (pi.) HOM. 11. 163. 
corps, see oors. 

correccion, sb., correction, pr. c. 9594. 
correcte, w.,from Lat. correctus (pple.) ; cor- 
rect, PR. C. 9595 ; corette DEP. R. PROL. 59; 

corretted (ii>le.) Ch. C. Z?66. 
correpcioiin, sb., LcU, correptio; rebuke, 

WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 16. 
corrin, sb., Zuit, cor5na; f tonsure \ je holi 

monkes wiJ) jur corrin rel. II. 175. 
corrumpe, v., O.Fr. cormmpre (corrompre) ; 

destroy, defile, become corrupt, WiCL. HOS. ii. 

12 ; Ch. Boet. iii. 1 1 (96) ; oorompen (pres.) 

Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (98); corrumped (pple.) 

PR. c. 2558. 
corrupcion,sb., (^.-Fr.cormption ; corruption, 

ayenb. 227 ; corrupcioun Trev. V. 155. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



corrupt. 



costrelle; 



135 



corrupt, adj., Lot, corruptus ; corrupt ^ Gow. 

I. 34 ; conipt AYENB. 82. 
co(r)rupten, v., corrupt^ WiCL. 2 COR. iv. 16. 
cors, sb., O.Fr, cors; body; corpse\ Axis. 2195 ; 

Gaw. 1237 ; WiCL. GEN. xxiii. 3 ; ))et cors 

MISC. 28 ; ded cors Man. (F.) 4492 ; corps 

[cors] Langl. ^xv. 23 ; Ch. C. t. /'519; 

corps Shor. 88; cors (//.) RGB. 154. 
cors, see ours and oours. 
corsaint, sb., Fr, corps saint; a holy body^ 

relic of a sainty Langl. Cviii. 177 ; Bw» 539 ; 

DREAM 941 ; E. G. 97 ; D. Arth. II 64. 
Corser, sb., horse dealer, OCTOV. (W.) 818; 

coresur E. T. 977 ; cosir * mango* voc. 

(W.W.) 684. 
corserie, sb., (horsedealing), cheating trade, 

WiCL. s. w. III. 283 ; coseri D. Arth. 1582. 
corsete, sb., O.Fr, corset; under-garment, 

^ventraie* VOC. 259 ; corsette Trev. II, 361. 
corsies, see corosifl 

corsing, sb., dishonest tradings M. H. 139. 
oort, corteiSy see ourt, ourteis. 
cortm, sb., 0,Fr. cortine; curtain, Gaw. i 185 ; 

curtin Ch. Tro. iii. 10 ; curtine Ch. C. T. D 

1249 ; eortines (pL) Will. 2055. 
cortined, adj., curtained, Gaw. 1181 ; Alis. 

1027. 
conunpabley adj., corruptible, Ch. C. t. A 

3010. 

corune, see orune. 

corvee, sb., Fr, corv^ ; forced labour ; 

oorveea (printed tornees) (//.) ayenb. 2fi, 
corvesers, corvisers, sb. pL, 0,Fr, corvoi- 

sier; shoemakers, E. G. 371, 384. 
cos, sb., 0,E, coss,=(9.iV. koss, 0,Fris. kos, 

OJL,G. cos, cus, 0,H.G, cbus, cus ; kiss, WiCL. 

gen. xxvii. 26 ; AUD. 60 ; |)es cos A. R. 102 ; 

cos of pes Jul. 74 ; cos of pees Trev. V. 

215; cus PR. P. Ill ; H. V. 12 ; kus HoccL. 

i. 155; oosse (dat.) MISC 42; rel. I. 29; 

008868 (pi.) A. R. I02 ; kosses Will, ioii ; 

oosaen (dat.pL) Laj. 30452. 
cosche, sb., hut, * tugurium,* PR. P. 94. 
coon, 0,Fr. cosin ; cousin, Horn (L.) 1444 ; 

Rob. 38 ; Man. (F.) 4753- 
COfiingge, sb., O.Fr, cosinage ; cousinship, 

Ch. C. t. B 1329; MiRC 168. 
ooone, sb., 0,Fr, cosine ; female cousin, Rob. 

330 ; Will. 602. 
[cosp, sb., 0,E, cosp, cops ; fetter; comp, 

f5t-, hand-, sweor-cops.] 
cost, sb., 0.E, cost {manner) = 0,N. kostr, 

0,H,G, chost, Goth, kustus m. (doKififj) ; from 

chdosen; choice, qucUity, manner, Gaw. 546; 

Langl. (Wr.) 1491 ; J)er naes cost nan o^er 

La^. 1 8166 ; knewen he nogt ^is dewes cost 

GEN. & EX. 3327 ; nSdes oostes necessarily 

Angl. III. 61 ; ARCH. LII. 33 ; ))e king \2X 

kinde was of coste C M. 8179; oostes (pi.) 

HOM. I. 29 ; Shor. 10 ; m. u. 147 ; son sum 



ic was waxen man ba flaeh i chUdcs costes 
Orm. 8056; ^ culver have^ costcs gode 
REL. I. 226 ; costus Degr. 364 ; we ne majeii 
aire coste halden crist(es) bibode hom. L 21 ; 
nawiht heo nusten of heore vare costen [coste] 
LA3. 3 1 914; comp. fiir-, or-, un-oost. 
cost, sb., Lat. costus ; a herb, PR. f. 94* 
cost, sb., O.Fr. coust, cf. M.Du.^ MM.G. 
kost ; cost, expense, Rob. 33 ; P. 40; Lidg, m* f, 
208 ; hver lite profit lif and inochc cost 
AYENB. 83; upe his coust Marg. 2B1 ; hi 
lives coste Marh. 7 ; at min oune coste Ch* 
C. T. A 804 ; oostes (^/.) HoccL, i, 363 ; 
costis [* impensas '] WiCL. 2 PARAU viii. 16. 
oost-fUl, adj., expensive, GEN. & ex, 3878 ; 

OOSt-VoUe (//.) AYENB. 229. 

oost-lewe, adj., costly, ^sumptuosus' fr. p, 
95 ; Trev. IV. 213 ; Ch. C. t. I^iii. 

costage, sb., O.Fr. costage; expense^ Rob, 
391 ; Ch. C. t. B 1562. 

costard, sb., costard {apple), ^ qmrianumf* 
PR. P. 94. 

coste, sb., O.Fr. coste, Lai. costa ; coit\i. Ciow. 
111. 296; Tor. 1419; )>ei knew(e) M wel (jc 
cost(e) (region) Fer. 1552; ooatea (//.) 
Langl. B w. 85. 

costeien, v., O.Fr. costeer ; coast, g^} hy the 
side of, oostes (pres.) Gaw. 1695 ; coatei- 
Ing (pple.) R. R. 132 ; costinge Makd. 127, 

oosten, v., O.Fr. cousttr, from Lat. tons tare ; 
cf. M.Du., M.H.G. kosten, O.N. kost a ; cost, 
expend', he schal costen ))e ful deore C. L. 
1092 ; oosti)> (pre&) LiDG. M. P. 152; coste 

!' impende '] WiCL. DEEDS xxi. 24 ; coste 
pret.) Ch. C. t. A 1908 ; and jet woldc i 
swere J)at it coste me moche more Langl. 
B xiii. 383 ; if |k)u have ojt on hur cost {ppU*^ 
(expended) AV. Arth. xxviii. 
coster, sb., med.Lat. coster ; curtain, t4jpestry\ 
coostre ^ subauleum^ PR. P. 94; costerdea 
(//.) SQ. L. DEG. 833. 

costevous, adj., O.Fr. costeous; expensive, 
WiCL. 2 PARAL. XXXV. 24 ; costius D. TrOV 
3777 ; costuous * sumptuosus ' PR. P. 95 ; 

AYENB. 228. 

oostnieny v., O.E. costnian; try, tempi i bufe 

he ioostned (pple.) weoren (r. weorej frie 

inne compe Laj. 24669. 
oostnunge, sb., O.E. costnung; iimptaiwn, 

Mk. iv. 17 ; ne led us noht in to oobtnuBga 

(pL) HOM. I. 67. 
costnien, v., = oosten; cost, expemi\ coBtne]) 

(pres.) AYENB. 75 ; oostnede (pn-i.) a, k. 

290; AYENB. 145; hii costnede Rob, 390 j 

E)U3 it hadde oostned (pple.) mc catcl 
ANGL. (Wr.) 406. 

oostninge, sb., expense : mid his a^ere 
costninge Laj. 22547 ; costnigge avknb. 
151. 
oostrelle, sb., large bottle, voc. 176 ; PR, P* 
95 ; Ch. l. g. w. 2664. 



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13<S 



costume. 



coupare. 



ooetome, sb., O.Fr, cuslume; custom; cus- 
lome REL. L 131 (HOM. H- u) ; P. L. S. xvii. 
204 \ kustuiTie MISC. 47 ; custome 29. 
cot, c6te, sb., O.iT. cot n,^ cote, ^. M,L,G. kote 
/ jy/., ^w/, aiV. kot n., M,Du. kot «., kote 
/y r^A coiiagty hut ; cot ' f#//a ' FRAG. 4 ; mene 
mei no at wi^uten svvink a lutel kot areren A. R. 
362 ; se['J?e j . . , cot hade to kepe P. S. 152 
(A. I), I04J ; cote ^^jjfl ' VOC. 273 ; HaV. 737; 
cote {diiL) Ch, C. t. a 2457 ; coten Mat. 
xxi. 13; QoteaipL) Langl.^ viii. 16; WiCL. 
wisiJ. xi, 2 I fo?Nfi. salt-, Bch5p-, Bwin-c6te, 

cot-lif, sb., O./;. coilTf (Sax. chr. 136), O.JV. 

kotlifi ; cottage^ d'weiiing ; wo is him )>at uvel 

wifbringe^tohis cotlif REL. 1. 178 (MISC. 1 18). 

cot age, sb.j ChFr, co!age ; cottage ^ voc. 232 ; 

Cm. C. t, /j'4012. 
cbte, sb., O.Fr. cote, cotte, cf, 0,H.G, cozo, 

coizo ; loai^ ^ iunica^ VoC 238; GOW. II. 47 ; 

(iAW. 152; cote [cootej Ch. C. T. A 103; 

WlCL. GEN. xxKvii, 3. 
cote, coote, sb., />w. koet; coot^ ^mergus,' 

voc, 1S8, 253; 'mergus./ulica' PR. P. 95; 

[* iarum '] VVlCL. LKV» xi. 16 ; a balled cote 

voc. 165. 
c6t©-armure, sb., £/. O.Fr. cote a armure ; 

coa/ o/tirms ; a cote armure Ch. H. F. 1 326 ; 

Gaw. 5S6 ; PR, p, 95 ; Ch. C. t. A 1016; 

cote armur Tro. v, 1665* 
coteler, sb., O^Fr, coutc4jer ; cutler, PR. P. 96 ; 

Ber, 3296. 
e6teiit v», c&at^ proinde with coats ; o6te}> 

(pres.) Langl, A uu 138. 
cotidian, adj., O.Fr. cotidian, /rom Lat. 

cotidianus; tftiily, Gow. 11. 142; a fever 

cotidiene t^R. c 29S7 ; cotidien (si,) quotidian 
fei*er r. r, 2401. 
cotier, sb., 0,Fr. cotier; cottier; ootlers {pL) 

Langl. Cx, 97. 
CotoUB, sb., O.Fr, colon ; cotton, Mand. 212 ; 

coton, cotun PR. P. 96, 
oot^e, sb., 0,E. ca¥^u; disease-, co^ o^er 

qvalm tlOM. IK 177; cobe ALEX. 2815; 

cothe ' syncope ' PR* Pv 96 ; TOWNL. 31. 
cou, sc€ ea. 
CDuardt sb. and adj., t>./r. cuard, couard ; 

coward^ H . H. 1 3S ( 1 40) ; coward (v, t, kouardj 

Rob. 2ii5 i Aus. 2108 j cueard a. r. 288*. 
cou&rd-ll| adv.^ cowardly, WiCL. s. w. I. 

193 ; Will. 3356 ; A. P. ii. 1629. 
couarden, v., O.Fr. coarder; cow, terrify; 

cowardlj? {pres.) ALIS. 3344. 
ODuardie^ sb„ O.Fr. couardie; cowardice, 

Ck. C. t. a 2730. 
couardisQ, sb., O.Fr, couardise; cowardice, 

Ch. Tko. v. 412. 
Coucbe^sb., (9./>.couchej couch, bedchamber, 

ayen R. 171; t lOW. 11.1321 entre into )>i couche 

[^ ctibictilum^] WiCL. Mat. vi. 6 ; cowche {den 

of a boitr) Av. Arth. xii. 



oouoheor, sh., jeweller, d. Troy 1597. 
oouohin, v., 0,Fr, colcier, colchier, couchier; 

lay, lay down; place together; lie down; 

Uolloco,' PR. P. 96; oouchid (pple,) MlSC 

217 ; kouchid WlLL. 2240. 
ooufel, see ouvel. 
cough, sb., = M,Du, kuch ; cough, ' tussis,^ 

PR. P. 97; Pall. viii. 123; couj [koujhe] 

Trev. IV. 287 ; coughe [coghe] Ch. C. t. 

E 1957. 
coughen [coghen], v., = M.Du, kuchen, 

M,H.G. kuchen ; cough, Ch. C. t. E 2208 ; 

coughen, couhin * tussio * PR. P. 97 ; oouwe 

(pres.) REL. II. 211; coghiJ> Flor. 248; 

koghe (imper.) MiRC 891 ; couhede [coughed] 

(pret.) Langl. A v. 205 ; coughed, kouhed 

Trev. II. 195. 

eoul, sb., / M.J/.G. kobel ; / cattle-pen, ^sagin- 

arium,* PR. P. 97 ; see ouvel. 

coulte, see qvilte. coume, see oiunbe. 

counte, sb., 0,Fr, conte, cunte; account, 
Man. (H.) 136. 

countesse, see oontesse. 

countin, v., 0,Fr. cunter; count, ^ computo^ 
PR. P. 98 ; counte]? (pres.) Langl. -r^ iii. 137 ; 
countes A. P. ii. 1685 ; counted (pple.) A. P. 
ii. 1 730* 

countour [counter], sb.,i^r.comptoi^; count- 
ing-house, Ch. C. T. .5 1403. 

countour*, sb., 0,Fr, conteor; ccUculator; 
cowntere, counter * computator* PR. P. 98, 99 ; 
countour (treasurer) Rob. 538. 

countour', sb., counter ; gold and silver and 
countour 8 (pL) Rich. 1939. 

countref(§te,sb.,/m/'/^{//V7fi, counterfeit, Mand. 
218; countirfete *' confonnale' PR. P. 99. 

countrefSten, v., counterfeit; contrefeten Ch. 
BOET. V. 6 (173). 

oountrepeis, sb., counterpoise; countirpeis, 
counterpois PR. p. 99. 

oountrepeiise, v., O.Fr, contrepeser; counter- 
poise, Ch. Tro. iii. 1357 ; counterpese Gow. 
III. 135; coimterpeised (pple.) Gow. III. 
190. 

countrepldten, v., plead against ; ooimtre- 
pI6ted (pple.) Ch. L. G. w. 475. 

eountreyailen, v., 0,Fr. centre valoir ; pre- 
vail against ; contrevaile Gow. I. 28 ; coun* 
trevaileth (pres.) 270. 

oountre-, counterwaiten, v., be on on^s 
guard against, Ch. C. T. B 2509. 

couxttrin, v.,=encontren: harmonise; en- 
counter : cowntrin in songe * occento^ PR. p. 
99 ; i wille countur (encounter, cofnbat) wij) Je 
knijte ANT. Arth. 36 ; countred (pret.), wij> 
be erle of Kent bei countred at Medeweie 
Man. (H.) 38. 

coupable, adj., O.Fr. coupable; culpable, 
Langl. B xvii. 300. 

coupare, sb., cooper, * cuparius^ PR. P. 99. 



Digitized by 



Google 



coupe. 



cradeL 



^37 



ooupe, sb., O.Fr. cupe, coupe ; cup, drinking 

vessel^ ^crater J PR. P. 99; RoB. 118; mid 

gildene coupe {first text bolle) La^. 24612* ; 

a coupe wi)> win sche hadde in hande Man. 

(F-) 7563 ; coupes (//.) ayenb. 35 ; coupes 

of dene golde Langl. A iii. 22. 
conpe, sb., O.Fr, colpe, from Lat, culpa; 
fault, stn, guilt, Langl. ^ v. 305. 
coupe, sb.,?=cupe; coop for poultry , rel. 

1.4. 
conpeii, v., fFr, couper ; slash, slit ; coupes 

(pres,) D. Arth. 798 ; coui>ed ( pple.) shon 

Tor. 193 ; galoches icouped Langl. B xviii. 

14. 
coupen, v., O.N. kaupa ; see chdaplen ; buy ; 

coupe Hav. 1800 ; copen Lidg. m. p. 105. 
couple, sb., O.Fr. couple, cople; couple, 

LEG. 70; Langl. B'vu. 140; copies {pi.) 

Fer. 1328. 
couplin, v., O.Fr, cupler, copier; couple, 

^copulo,'VK. p. 99; cople Langl. Ciii. 190; 

kupleS (pres.) bo^e togederes A. R. 78; 

couple]) [' copulatis '] WiCL. Is. v. 8 ; iouplet 

(pple.) Kath. 1059. 
courbe, adj., OFr. courbe; curved^ bent, 

Gow. I. 99. 

courbe, sb., curve, bend, Gow. II. 159. 
courben, v., Fr. courber; bend\ courbed 

(/r^/.) Langl. ^i. 79. 
couren, v., cf, Dan. kure, Swed. kura, Ger, 

kauern ; cower ; coure P. s. 329 ; Flor. 785 ; 

PL. T. 155; kourj]? {pres.) Alis. 2053; 

koured (pret.) Will. 47. 
COUPS, sb., O.Fr. curs, cours ; course, running, 

TREAT. 132; P. L. s. XXV. 125; Alis. 712; 

Gow. I. 130; Ch. C. t. a 8, F^(i\ cors 

Fer. 1108; Gaw. 116. 
courser, sb., O.Fr. corsier, coursier; courser, 

Ch. C. t. a 1704 ; curser PR. p. no. 
court, see curt, 
courtepi, sb., short jacket \ Ch. C. T. -4 290; 

R. R. 219; voc. 196. 
couBchote, see under cu. 
cousloppe, coii8okulle(s), see under ctl. 
coutere, sh.,from O.Fr. cute {elbow) ; elbow- 
piece {of armour), D. Arth. 2566 ; Gaw. 582. 
cou))en, see cu9en. cove, see cftfl 
cdve, sb., O.E. cofa, cf O.N. kofi, M.L.G. 

kove, M.H.G, kobe ; cove, small room, cell, 

CM. 11617. 

cove, Fr, couv^e ; covey, PR. p. 96. 
coveiten, see ouveiten. oovele, see cuvele. 
corenable, adj., O. Fr. covenable (con- 

venable)\ suitable, WiCL. GEN. xl. 5; cu- 

venable misc. 27 ; conabill Barb. v. 266. 
oovenab-li, adv., suitably, WiCL. M K. xiv. 1 1 . 
corenant, see convenant. 
covent, sb., Fr. couvent ; convent, p. L. s. xvi. 

160; ayenb. 219 ; kuvent a. r. 12. 



coverchief Pterohef ], sb., O.Fr. couvre-, 

cuevrechief; kerchief, Ch. C. t. B 837 ; kover- 

cheef LiDG. M. P. 48 ;" keverchief P. L. S. xxxiv. 

126. 
coverele, sb., O.Fr. covercle ; lid of a cup, 

Ch. h. f. 792 ; pr. p. 97 ; voc. 198. 
coveren, v., }=TeGOYQTen^gain,attain; heal, 

recover ; covere Hav. 2040 ; pr. c 81 1 ; keoveri 

P. L. s. xxiii. 136 ; kevere Rob. 256 ; kuvere, 

kevere Will. 128, 1521; kevered {pret.) 

Gaw. 1755 ; ^^^ acoveren. 
coveren, v., O.Fr. covrir, cueuvrir, Lot. co- 

operire; cover*, covere Man. (F.) 14101 ; 

covere, kevere Langl. B iii. 60 ; kevere 

WiCL. Habak. ii. 17; kevered {pple.) Jos. 

176. 
coverlit, sb., Fr. couvre-lit; coverlet, c m. 

11239; keverlet E. w. 4. 
covert, O.Fr. covert; covert. Will. 2217; 

PR. c. 4489. 
coverture, sb., O.Fr, coverture; covering, 

bedclothes; horse-cloth, HORN (L.) 696; 

kuvertur(e) A. R. 214. 
covine, sb., O.Fr. co-, convine; intrigue 

Will. 3147 ; Ch. C. t. A 604. 
Covintre, pr. n., O.E. Cofantreo ; Coventry, 

Rob. 6. 
crabbe, sb., O.E. crahhsi, ^Af.Du. krabbe, 

O.N. krabbi; crab, [cancer,^ voc 189; PR. P. 

99; HOM. I. 51; L*IDG. M. P. 58; orabben 

Ipl.) HOM. I. 51 ; Alis. 4943. 
crabbe, sb., crab {apple). Pall. i. 569. 
orabbe-apptQe, sb., cf Swed. krabbapple ; 

crab-apple, * macium^ PR. P. 99. 
orabbe-tre, sb., crab-tree, ^ macianus, ar- 
butus* PR. P. 99 ; crabtre * arbutus * voc 192. 
crabbed, adj., cf Swed. krabbed; crabbed, 

Ch. C. t. ^ 1203 ; Lidg. m. p. 132 ; crabbede 

wordes Langl. B x. 104. 
cracche, sb., fitch; crache c. M. 11 823. 
cracche, sb., O.Fr. crache, creche ; manger, 

crib^ ^praesepe,^ PR, p. 99; Will. 3233; 

WiCL. Job vi. 5 ; cratche WiCL. Lk. ii. 7 ; 

crecche A. R. 260. 
cracchin, v., cf Swed. kratsa, Du. kratsen, 

krassen, L.G. kratsen, krassen, kraschen; 

scratch, PR. p. 99 ; cracchen [cracche] us or 

clawen Langl. B prol. 154; cracche Trev. 

VIII. 37 ; crechen Jul. 35 ; oraoching {pple.) 

Parten. 5892; oraohed (/r<?/.) Orf. 78; with 

taseles oraoohed {pple.) Langl. B v. 446. 
oracchinge, sb., scratching, Ch. C, t. 

A 2834. 
cradel, sb., O.E. cradol, cf. Ir. craidhal, Gael. 

creathall; cradle, A. R. 82; Alis. 3655 ; Ch. 

C. T. A20ig\ credel, cradel PR. P. loi ; 

credil s. S. (Wr.) 789 ; cradele {dat.) O. & N. 

631 ; credile Man. (H.) 243. 

cradel-bam, sb., child in cradle ; kradel- 

bames {pi.) Hav. 191 2. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



138 



oradel. 



crayant. 



cradel-'bondj sb., s^vaddizng-cloth, L. H. R. 

criBft, sb*, O.E. cra&ft m., cf, 0,L,G, craft, 
O.fris, kreft, OJLG. chraft/, 0,N, kraptr 
m.^ mod.Eng^. craft ; sirengih \ art^ Laj. 8287 ; 

fe craft is ihate astronomie 24297 ; he cu¥e 
ene uvcJe cr;ift 2840 ; craft O. & N. 757 ; 
REL, I, 3H ; Wax. 635 ; Ch. C. t. A 401 ; 
Ljdg. m. f. 162 ; {ms, cratTtj Orm. 18809; creft 
Kath. S72; AYENB. -^^'^ fiene creft FRAG. 
1 ; fwjugh he criede wif> a He )>e craft fat he 
coude Mand. 505 ; craftes \gen^ men crafts- 
men {cf. craftmoQi Tri:v. L 1 13; orafte {dai^ 

0. &: N. 7li7 ; oraefteB, craftes, craefte (//.) 
LA3. 2395 J 10105, \yi^^\ craftes o. & N. 568; 
Pekc. 560 ; merci sclial l^ir craftez ki))e A. P. 
i. J56; oresften \dat. pi.) Laj. 1 1797 ; comp, 
drij-, dweomer-, leche, l^oS-, wioche-, 
wunder-<3raft. 

[crafl-fUl, adj,^ €rafiy\, 

oraftrful-lichej adv., 00^//^, REL. II. 176. 
croft- Uas, iidj,, O.^". cr<3e fdeas ; * iners^ 
FRAG. 2. 

craft-monp sb., craftsman ^ Ch. C. T. -4 1899; 
Qraft-monnen {pL) La^. 28944. 
crsDften, v., O.E. crafftan,=i/.Z.6^. kreften, 
0,Fris. (ur)krefta; ^ accompli sh\ crefteSHOR. 
157; crafte Pall. i. 42^; orefte)> (pres,) 
Shor, 2. 
craftij adj. J O.E. crarftig, = a/^.6^. chreftig; 
aafty^ skilful^ M. H, 2 ; a craft i weorcman LA3. 
22^92 ; crafti and Strang FR. C. 9088 ; crefti 
Kath. 125 ; Misc, 91 ; craftier {compcu^,) 
Will. 16^0; c m. S753. 

cralti-Uohe, adv.^ cntfiily^ Langl. ^x. 5; 

craft ill l\v* 3104- oreftUuker (compar,) 

Katii. 260. 

crag, sb., /r*, Welsh craij^, Gael, creag ; crag^ 

Will. 2850; orange {dat.) r. r. 4156; rel. 

1. 126 ; oragge& (^/.) pk. c. 6393. 
crahien, v., ?=crakien; crcu:k^ crash \ to 

crabien ant to crenchcn mil swire Marh. 9. 
craier, sb., O.Fr. craier; a small ship\ 

craters {pL) D. Arth. 738. 
crak» sb., = M,Du, crac, MM.G, krach; cracky 

crasAt AL1&. 641 ; TrEV. I. 409 ; C. M. 18953 ; 

krak B. DISC 962 ; krakkes (//.) a. P. ii. 

1402 



ordke, sb,, eft O.N. kraka (cr^iv); crake {bird) ; 
orilkes (pC) 
orake> 



s» 5. (Web.j 3332 ; comp. night- 



orakeueUef sb., Fk craquelin ; cracknel, 
PR. p. 100. 

orakieiif v., O.E. cracian, >= M,L,G, kraken, M, 
Du. craken, MM.G. krachea; crack, break, 
make a cracking noise ; crake RICH. 5423 ; 
Flor. 92 ; Trist. ^^j ; l. h< r. 144 ; rel. I. 
3; krdke Horn (H.) 1118; orake(> (fires.) 
Shqr. 99 ; so chauntcji he and crake)> Ch. C. 
T. E 1850; (|jei) craken Gow. III. 94; and 
oraked(/#(f^*) bof e hire legges Langl. ^xviii. 



73 ; banes ber orakeden (//.) Laj. 1875 ; 

kroked (fiple.) Hav. 1238; icraked Greg. 602. 
orakinge, orakkinge, sb., cracking, boasting, 

^ crepor, jaclancia,* PR. P. 100. 
crallen, v., Ger, krallen ; f twist, curl; oralle 

{imper,) L. C. C. 35; oralled {fiple.) IBID.; 

curious hameis qvaintli craliit PL. T. 134, 
cram-cake, sb., ffiancake, Wicl, ex. xxbc. 2. 
crammely sb., crumb-, orammeles (jtL) 

ayenb. 253. 
crammien, v., 0,E, crammian ; cram ; crem- 

min PR. P. loi ; oromme)? (fires,) p. s. 238 ; 

orammid (fiple.) WiCL. Hos. xiii. 6 : beo ur 

mou)> crommed with clai P. L. s. xxv. 112; 

icrammed [icrommed] Ch. C. t. C 348 ; i- 

crammed [icrommet] Langl. A prol. 41. 
oramminge, cremminge, sb., stuffing, 

^farcinacioj PR. P. 10 1. 
cramp, sb., = O.H.G. chramph, mod^Eng. 

cramp ; hook, claw ; cromp L. H. R. 139. 
crampe, sh.,—M.L.G., M.Du. krampe, O.H. 

G. chrampho ; cramfi (sfiasm), * sfiasmus^ PR. 

P. 100 ; Ch. Tro. iii. 1071 ; crampe [crompe] 

Langl. B xiii. 335. 
crampishen, v., cramp, Ch. An. 174. 
cramsin, v., f scratch, PR. p. 100. 
cr&ne, P crane, sb., O.E. cran, ?cran, cf. 

O.L.G. kran, kron, M.Du. craen, krane 

(Pkrane)/; crane, ^grus,' VOC. 188; PR. P. 

100; REL. II. 79; LiDG. M. P. 154; crane, 

cran Ch. p. f. 344 ; cron [crane] Laj. 20163; 

or4ne (dat.) ayenb. 56 ; kr&nes (fit.) Hav. 

1726 ; cronez A. P. ii. 58. 
crani, sb., cranny, * rima,^ PR. P. 100 ; crania 

(fil.) SACR. 710. 

cranke, sb., crank, winch^ ^girgillus, haus- 

trum,* PR. P. 100. 
crapaute, sb., a firecious stone ; crepawnde, 

crapawnde, crepaud PR. P. loi ; grapond voc. 

256; orapawtes (fil.) £m. 142; crepawdis 

SACR. 171. 
crappe, sb., / chaff; ' acus criballum,' PR. P. 

100; orappis (fil.) ^ curalis' voc. 201. 
craschin, v., crash, PR. p. 100; orasohede 

(pple.) brainez D. Arth. 2 114. 
crdsen, v., cf. Dan. krase, Swed. krasa, mod. 

Eng. craze ; crack, break : ))e cablis crasen 

M. T. 128; ))e pot was or&sed (pple.) Ch. 

C. T. (7934; coveitise ha)> crasid ;oure 

croune dep. R. i. 8. 
crask, adj., ?=ca8k; f burly, ^crassus,* PR. P. 

100. 
cratche, see oraoohe. 
cran, sb., O.E. craw ; ftom or&wen ; crow (of 

a cock) ; crowe (dat.) Bek. 1090 ; Ch. C. t. 

A 3675 ; comfi. hane-or&u. 
cranke, see oroke. 
cranlen, v., O.N. krafla, cf. M.H.G. krabelen ; 

crawl', craulande (fifile.) c. M. 6612. 
cravanty see oreant. 



Digitized by 



Google 



crdven. 



creste. 



139 



ordven, v., 0,E, crafian,=0.iV. kreQa {pret, 

kraf^a) ; ^<n/^, gen. & ex. 1320 ; crave c. L. 

249; AN. UT. u ; S. S. (Web.) 52; Iw. 543 ; 

HoccL. i. 432; or&ve (pres,) spec. 72; 

crave)> Shor. 61 ; crave Langl. B\\\, 221 ; 

we craven hom. I. 59 ; or^vede (pret.) GEN. 

& EX. 1418 ; Hav. 633 ; ior^ved (pple,) A. R. 

2* ; comp, bi-crdven. 
crawe, sb., = Dan. krave, 0,H,G, chrago ; 

crcnuy throaty PR. P. loi ; WiCL. 4 KINGS vi. 

25. 
crawe, sb., 0»E. era we, = 0,H.G, crawa, chraja, 

chraa, O.L,G, kraja; crow {the bird)y * comix,* 

voc 188 ; crowe o. & n. 1130 ; crowe Rob. 

490 ; Ch. C. t. a 2692 ; orowen (pL) P. L. s. 

xvii. 185 ; crowe O. & N. 304 ; comp. nijt- 

crowe. 

crow^'fot, sb., crow-foot, PR. p. 105. 
cro^76-lec» sb., 0,E. era wan leac ; name of a 

plant, FRAG. 31. 
craweiiyV., O.-E.crawan (pret, cito^),cfOJI,G, 

chrahan (pret, chrata) ; crow (as a cock) ; crowe 

MISC. 45 ; er J>e cok crawe P. s. 238 ; oreow 

(pret.) Mat. xxvi. 74 ; creu s. A. L. 162 ; c M. 

15992 ; crew WiCL. Mat. xxvi. 74 ; Ch. C. t. 

^54387; crewe S. S. (Web.) 2536; ordwen 

(ppU,) Townl. 182; crowe lud. Gov. 278 ; 

icrowe Ch. C. t. A 3357 ; deriv, or&u, or§d. 
crowing, sb., crowing, Trev. VII. 535. 
creaoioiiy sb., OJ^r, creation ; creation, Gow. 

II. 158. 
oreanoe, sb., OJ^r, creance, tned,Lat. credentia ; 

credence, Ch. C. t. B 915. 
oreant, adj., 0,Fr, creant; craven*, creaunt 

A. R. 288 ; cravant Kath. 133. 
creatour, sb., 0,Fr, creatour; creator, Langl. 

-^ ix. 26 ; Ch. C. t. C 901. 
creature, sb., 0,Fr, creature ; creature, Bek. 

2238; Ch. C. t. a 2769. 
crecche, see oraoche. 
Crekkelade, pr. n., 0,E. Crecca gelad; 

Cricklade (printed Creskelade), RoB. \v, r. 

creek-, creoke-, kreke-, kyrke-J 269. 
ored, sb., f O.E, cread ; from or&den ; 

t crowd; for . . . mikel crede Man, (F.) 

11244. 

[ored, sh,,from or&wen ; comp, han-ordd.] 
erode, sb., from Lat, credo; creed, hom. II. 

17; Shor. 138; rel. I. 211. 
oredel, see cradeL 

credence, sb., 0,Fr, credence; beliej, trust, 
faith, Gow. I. 59, 65, 152 ; s. A. L. 60. 
credible, adj., Lat. credibilis ; credible, Gow. 

1.23- 

creft, see aratt, 
crei, sb., crowing, o. & N. 335. 
cr^ke, sb., basket^ crib, PR. P. loi ; M. H. 64. 
crdke, sb., fcreak\ or6ke8 (pi,) Ch. C. t. A 

4051 [knakkes (Wr.) 4049]. 



cr^kin, v., f = M,Du, kreken, Ger, krechen ; 
creaJi, croak, ^ gracillo,* PR. P. 101 ; or^ea 
ipres,) REL. II. 79; a crowe . . . cr6ked 
(pret,) Trev. VII. 535. 

crelle, sb., / Gael, criol ; creel, * sporta,' PR. P. 

lOI. 

creme, sb., cf, Fr, creme, med.Lat,, JtaL 

crema ; cream, Langl. (Wr.) 4365. 
creme, see orisme. 
cremelen, v., cf L,G, krOmeln; crumble, 

L. c c 36. 

cremmin, see crammien. 
crempen, v., = M,Du, krempen, M,H,G, 

krempfen; contract, restrain', erempeo. & N. 

1788 ; comp, for-orempen. 
orenchen, v., f cringe \ erenchen [crenge] mit 

swire Marh. 9. 
orenclen, see orinklen. 
oreopen, v., 0,E, creopan,=6>.A''. kriupa, O, 

Fris, kriapa, M,LG, krupen; creep ; kreopen 

P. L. S. xvii. 107 ; creope Alis. 576 ; erepen 

Laj. 29313; er(e)ope [crepe] O. & N. 819; 

crepe Shor. 146; crSopeo (pres.) hom. I. 

23 ; creop)), erop)> o. & N. 826 ; eriepe^ hom. 

II. 199; crSop (imper,) A. R. 292; creo- 

pinde (ppU») Marh. ii ; or§ap (pret,) 

Kath. 908 ; crep gen. & ex. 2924 ; Alis. 

571 ; S. S. (Wr.) 479; crep [creep] Ch. C. t. 

a 4226 ; krep S. & a 1. 1 ; crap (for craep) 

LA3. 29282 ; crop (ms, crope) AV. Arth. Ixv; 

crepte Gow. III. 258; Ch. C. t. A 4193; 

()>ou) creptest Langl. A iii. 184 ; heo 

crupen [crope] Laj. 18472 ; cropen gen. & 

ex. 2974 ; crope Bek. 2241 ; crepten Will. 

2235 ; crdpen (subj.) Langl. B prol. 186 ; 

cropen (pple,) WiCL. E. w. 296 ; H. v. 84 ; 

crope Gow. I. 198 ; Ch. C. t. A 4259 ; Lidg. 

M. P. 240; ierope Trev. III. 397; comp, 

8Bt-ordoi>en. 
crepinge, sb., creeping, ^repcio,* PR. P. 

loi. 
orepere, sb., 0,E, creopere ; creeper, pr. p. 

loi. 
crepel, see orupel. 
cresce, v., Lat, crescere ; increase : bad hem 

cresce and multipli Gow. III. 276; cresen 

WiCL. 4 KINGS XX. 10; oressing (pple,) 

WiCL. s. w. I. 338. 
cresen, v., f crush ; her seed if that me erase 

(subj,) Pall. v. 77. 
oresse, sh,,0,E, eresse, cerse, = O.H.G, chresso, 

cresso, cressa, OX,G, kerse; cress, ^nastur- 

tium,' PR. P. 102 ; A. P. i. 343 ; kerse Gow. I. 

299 ; is no^t wor)> a kerse Langl. -5 x. 17 ; 

comp, water-, wel-oresse. 
cresset, sb., / Fr, creuset, mod,Eng, cressit ; 

crucible; lamp-, Gow. III. 217; cressit 

* crudbulum ' PR. P. 102. 
creste, sb., 0,Fr, creste; crest, ^ cristaj A. P. 

i. 855 ; PR. P. 102 ; l, H. R. 212 ; creeste of the 

broche WiCL. ex. xxviii. 23. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



140 



orete. 



croisen. 



Crete, sb., r/ M.Du. krarte {basket), O.H.G, 

crezM {aihu/iiis); f cradiei ))e kinges zone . . . 

|>et wcp^ ine his crctti AVENB. 137. 
creulen, v., } = Dii, krevdcn; crawl \ creu- 

land i/5^/t'.) a M, 6612, 
crevace, sb., O.Fr. cre\'ace ; crevice, Ch. C. 

T. /56J ; crevas s, s. [Wni 768; crevice PR. 

C 9186; crevi5se Gaw. 2183. 
crevil, sh.^=MMu. krevel; filching, LiDG. 

crevie, sb., 0,Fr, crevice; crayfish \ krevis 

LiDa M. P. 154* 
cri, ab., OJ'r, cri ; fry, l^k\ 11991*; MAP 339 ; 

Bek. 81 ; kri Will, 2174. 
cribbe, sb,, ihE. cribU crybb,=0.Z,.(7. crib- 

bia, OJLG. crippa, chripia ; ^:t7'^, 'praesepe^ 

PR, P. 103 ; HOM, I. 277; Orm. 3321 ; Mand. 

70; PR. C. 52CX3; ['/"jtW/a '] TREV. IV. 353. 
erieiij v,, O.Fr, cdcrj ^rrj^, Hav. 2443; 

crie Brd. 22 ; one \iiHper) A. R. 136 ; 

oriande {pple.)'^UA.. 4347; criede (/r^/.) 

Lanul. ^v. 451; criodon (//.) HOM. I. 

279. 

orilng, sb., crying, Fer* 2433. 
erike, sb,, O.Fr. crique, cf, M.Du, kreke; 

trff^, 'scate\b\ra; PR. P. 103 ; Ch. C. T. -^409 ; 

ipriuUd irike) Gen. fi: ex. 2947 ; krike Hav. 

708* 
onke, sb., a A", kriki ; ? thigh: his nese 

went unto jjc crice (n 7JL^ swike) Hav. 2450. 
criket, sb., Fr. criquet ; cricket (animal), voc 

164 \ Langl. B xiv, 42, 
erikke, sb., akk, crumps * spasmus,' PR. P. 

103 ; thou nii^^ht stombic and take the crik 

REL. IL ::9. 
crime, sb., Fr. crime ; crime, Ch. C. t. G 455 ; 

Wicl- deeds xxiii. 29. 
orimpU, sb.j -wrinkle^ * ruga^ PR. P. 103. 
crimplinj v,, crumple, * rugo^ PR. P. 103. 
Ciinkleii, v.^ } — Du. krinkelen; crinkle: the 

bous is erinMed [crtncled] {pple) Ch. L. G. 

W. 2DI2. 

criour, sb.^ O.Fr. crieur; crier, leg. 220; 

Trev. I. 247, 

crioua, adj., clamorous, 'WlCL, prov. ix. 13. 
crip, sh., pouch, scrip, p. R. L. P. 156. 
cri pelf sec criipeL 
crippen., v., drrak, cut; orippid (Pple.), 

Wicx. LEV. xxii. 24. 
crips, sec criBp. 
crisme, sb„ O.Fr. cresme, Gr, xP^^t^ 5 chrism, 

FRp P. 103; GEN. ^ EK* 2458; creme MiRC 

634; creime Shor, 13 ; AYENB. 41. 
erismd'cshild, sb.» child that dies within 

iht moptth ofhirikj MiSC. go- 
crlame-cIo5, sb., chrism or chrisom cloth, 

HOM, 11 . 95. 
erisolite, 5b.jO«Fr,crisolite; rArj^j^/i/^jMAND. 

"276. 



crisopacey sb., OJ^r, crisopace ; chrysoprase, 

MISC. 98. 

crisp, adj ., O, E, cnsp,/rom /.«/. crispus ; crisp, 

curly, Mand. 168; his crispe her Ch. C. t. 

^ 2165 ; crips treat. 138. 

oriap-heed, sb., * crispitudo,' PR. P. 103. 

oriBpenesse, sb., * crispitudo^ PR. P. 103. 

crispen, v., curl-, crispedde (pple.) Trev. 

I. 53; cresped Gaw. 187. 
crist, sb., 0,Fr, crist; Christ, Kath. 612; 
oristes messe, Christmas, ayenb. 213. 
cristal, sb., Fr. cristal ; crystal, Fl. & Bl. 274; 
CHR. E. 638; SPEC. 52. 

cristen, adj. & sb., O^. cristen ; christian : a 
cristen man Langl. Bxi, 120; cristene men 
FRAG. 7; cristene {sb.) Shor. 56; ))is gode 
king |>at bus cristene bicom RoB. 75 ; oristiue 
[cristenej (//.) Laj. 29773. 
oristen-ddm, sb., Christendom, A. R. 30; 
Bek. 108 ; fane cristendom SHOR. 5. 
cristen-li, adv., O.E. cristenlice; cu a 
christian, Ch. C. T. -5 i 122. 
cristianite, sb., Lat. christianitatem ; Chris- 
tianity, Ch. C. t. B 544. 
cristnien, v., O.E. cristnian; christen: cristnie 
Shor. 9; criatnede (pret.) P. L. s. xv. 177; 
oristned (pple.) Orm. 1782. 
oristninge, sb., christening, ayenb. 14. 
critouns, sb., pi., 0,Fr. cretons; greaves 

(refuse of tallow), WiCL. PS. ci. 4. 
criSe, sb., crib, manger, M. h. 63. 
crive, sb., f grave-, krive Man. (H.) 91. 
croee, creche, sb., 0,Fr. croce, croche; 
crutch, crosier: ^ pedum J PR. P. 103, 104; a 
bischopes crosse [croce] Langl. ^viii. 94; 
croche * sustentaculum ' VOC. 277. 
crochet, sb., Fr. crochet ; crotchet (in music), 

* semiminima,^ PR. P. 104; TowNL. 116. 
crocke, sb., O.E. crocca ; crock, pot ; * olla^ 
FRAG. 4 ; A. R. 214 ; crokke SHOR. 106 ; Trev. 
HI. 85 ; Langl. i?xix. 275. 
crockere, sh., potter-, ^figulus,' WiCL. wisd. 
XV. 7 ; crokkere Shor. 106. 
crocodile, sb., O.Fr. crocodile; crocodile', 
a. orooodilles (gen.) hide Pall. i. 960 ; see 
oooodrill. 

crof t, sb., O.E. cro{t,= M.Du. kroft, crocht; 
croft, field, Langl. B^. 582; TowNL. 199; 
LUD. Cov. 36 ; orofte (dat.) s. A. L. 160. 
croh, sb., O.E. cr5g, = M.Du. kroeg, O.H.G. 
cruag m.; pitcher, jug, H. M. 39 ; oroos (pi.) 
MISC. 29. 
crois, sb., O.Fr. crois, croiz, cruiz ; cross, C L. 
1183; P. L. s. iii. 88 ; Jos. 446 ; Ch. C. t. E 
556; croiz Horn (R.) 1314; Hav. 1263; 
creoiz A. R. 18 ; croiz, croice Bek. 959, 971 ; 
croice Will. 350 ; see oroB. 
croisen, v., O.Fr. croiser, cruisier ; sign with 
the cross : to croici frie his foreheved P. L. 5. 



\ 



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croisen. 



cruchen. 



14T 



Tv\\. 73 ; oreosietS (imper,) A. R. 64 ; oroised 
ifp/e.) L. H. R. 133. 

oroiserie, sb., O.Fr. croiserie ; crusade, Rob. 
486. 

crok, sb.,=Z>«. croec, croc (cur/), 0,N, krokr 
m, (hook) ; crook, hook, * uncus,* voc 237 ; 
* pedum* PR. p. 104; on his bake he bar a 
crok Tor. 1018; crok ringlet P. S. 327; 
crook Alts. 4819 ; Lidg. m. p. 217 ; cxoc /raud 
Orm. 11635; crokes (//.) hooks leg. 169; 
Langl. Cxxi. 296 ; )>o3 ^ur crune be ischave 
fair be)> ^ur crokes (locks) rel. II. 175 ; cro- 
kez reaping hooks A. P. i. 40 ; crokes frauds 
A. R. 268 ; SPEC. 105 ; crefti crokes Kath. 
125. 

cr6key sb., core (0/ fruit), coke, ' arula^ voc 
267 ; crauke * cremium (quod restat in frix' 
orio) ' PR. P. loi ; mi banes als kraukan (pi,) 
dried )>a PS. ci. 4. 

croke, sb.,=Z?«. kroke (curl); f/or orok; 
kroke D. Arth. 3352. 

crdken, v., croak ; crouken, ' coaxo,* PR. P. 105. 

croken, w,,—Du, kroeken, kroken ; crook ; cro- 
kin * curvo * PR. p. 104 ; s. S. (Wr.) 609 ; croki 
S. A. L. 161 ; AYENB. 1 77 ; croke HiCKES I. 
229; Gow. II. 144; i croke lam bent rel. 

II. 21 1 ; croke^ HOM. II. 61 ; J>e stature bowe)> 
and croke)> Trev. II. 185 ; orookeden (pret,) 
WiCL. PS. Ivi. 7 ; oroked (pple,) Gaw. 653 ; 
Ch. C. t. -ff 560 ; croked, icroked o. & N. 80, 
1676 ; be crokede bond P. L. S. xvii. 345 ; })e 
crokede (pL) ayenb. 224; comp, for-croken. 

orokidnesBe, sb., crookedness, WiCL. s. w. I. 

273. 
oroket, sb., 0,Fr, croquet, = crochet lock of 

hair, P. S. 329; Gow. II. 370; Halliw. 

281. 

crokke, see crocke. 
crol, croUen, see oml, crullen. 
orombe, see orumbe. 

cromeyj^^cnuue. crommen, x^^ crammlen. 
cromp, see cramp, 
orompidy adj., crisp : a crompid cake of the 

leepe of dierf looves Wicl. ex. xxix. 23. 
croiiy see crftne. 
orone, sb., fO.Fr, caroigne, cf M,Du, kronie; 

crone, Ch. C. t. B 432. 
oronen (Pcronen), v., ? = M,Du. kronen, 

kreunen (groan, complain), 0,H.G, chronen 

(chatter) ; croon, moan ; je croine (r. w, 

mone) Townl. i i6. 
oronesank, sb., name of a plant; ^persicaria, 

saucheneie* VOC 140; rel. I. 36. 
oroniolen, v., chronicle; oronculd (Pple,) 

Egl. 1339; comicled p. R. L. P. 10. 
oroniolere, sb., historian ; * historicus ' PR. 

P. 104. 
oronikey sb., 0,Fr, cronique ; chronicle, Trev. 

III. 47 ; cronicle PR. P. 104 ; cronique Gow. 
1.31,89; Trev. I. 5, II. 77. 



cropy sb., 0,E, cropp, = M,Du. krop, O.AC 
kroppr, 0,H.G, chroph; crop (of a bird)^ 
throat; top of a tree; crop of corn ; * cymth* 
voc. 229; p. s. 238; Langl. C xix, 75 ; Ch. 
BOET. iii. 2 (69) ; P. L. s. ii. 98 ; L. h. r. 69 ; 
hit hadde crop so an heort Alis. 6M ; crop 
and more leg. 105 ; a tre . . . of whilk fe 
crop es turned do(u)nward PR. C. 663 ; fe 
crop of be rede brere L. C. C 42 ; croppe 
^annona^ PR. P. 104; oroppe (datA c/ M. 
8458; in crop ant rote spec 100; croppeo 
(pi.) R. R. 1396. 

cropere, sb., 0,Fr, cropiere ; crupper^ pr. p. 
105 ; oropereB [cropiers] (pL) Langl. B xv. 
453. 

oropon, sb., 0,F, cropion, crepon; haunch^ 
buttock; ^clunis,* PR. p. 105; oropina {pi.) 
B. B. 140. 

croppen, v., 0.N, kroppa ; crop, pluck ; croppe 
M. T. 167 ; ))e wi^i Jiet sprutte% ut f)e bet ere 
))et me hine ofte croppeS (pres^ a. r. 86; 
suche (foules) cometh to mi croft and crappeth 
mi whete Langl. B vi. 33 ; hast ))ou . , . crop- 
ped (pple,) jerus (r, ierus) of come Mikc 1 502. 

croSy sb., 0,N, kross; cross, LA5. 31386 : Kath. 

727 ; Langl. A vi. 13 (B v. 529 hcts cruchcj ; 

cros or crouche Halliw. 282 ; one crosee, 

across, D. Arth. 3667. 

oroB-line, sb., cross-line, Ch. astr. i. 12 (7). 

croB-sail, sb., cross-sail, A. P. iii. 102, 

crosse, sb., madman, La^. 20325 (2nti text fol), 

orosselety croslet, sb., 0,F, croisel ; crudbk, 
Ch. C.t. 6^1147, 1191, 1 198. 

orosseiiy v., 0,N, krossa; cross; crossid 
(pple) ^ cruce signatus* PR. p. 105. 

cr6te, sb., f 0,Fr, crote, cf Ger, krotze ; chd, 
lump, ^glebula,* PR. P. 105 ; croote [Uptmium'] 
WiCL. PS. ci. 4 ; ilk a crote Man. {P .) 2102 ; 
crot (v, r, grot) C. M. 2528. 

crouche, see crtiohe. crouchen,^^^ criielien. 

croudeiiy croudingey see cruden, cmdinge. 

crouke, sb., O.E, cruce, = 0,L,G. cruca ; 
f pitcher; Ch. C. t. A 4158. 

croukeiiy see ortiohen. eroiine, see orune. 

croupe, sb., 0,Fr, croupe ; hinder farts^ 
Alis. 2447 ; Ch. C. t. D 1559 ; Mand. 2S9, 

crou)>, sb., Welsh crwth, prov,Eng. crnwd ; 

fddle : fiele ne crouth SPEC 53 ; harpe fidele 
and crouthe B. disc 137 ; he herde a sym- 
phonie and a crowde [^chorum*] Wjcl. Lk. 
XV. 25 ; oroudlB (//.) [Uhori*] JUDG. xi, 34, 

crowe, see cr&we, and or&u. 

oriicohe, sb., 0,E, crycc,= 0,H.G. krucka, 
M,Du, krucke; crutch, H. v. 81; mid his 
crucche Laj. 19482. 

cniche, sb., = 0,L,G, cruce ; cross, Kath, 
1 171 ; crepe to cruche HOM. II. 95 : cruche 
[crouche] Langl. B v. 529 ; crouche Shgr, 
15; AYENB. Ill; E.G. 54. 

onicheiii v., sign ivith the cross; ommdlis 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



14% 



cruchen. 



ciL 



(/r«.} Ch. C. t. a 3479 ; crouche)) Shor. 15 ; 

heo * . . cruchede ( />^ei.) hire Kath. 628. 
Oruchen, v,^ ^/ t7t'r. krauchen ; crouch : i can 

nauther crouke iie knclc TowNL. 163 ; kni3tes 

orouke[5 hem to & cruchej> (pres,) full lowe 

PL. CR. 751 : )jei su lowe crouchen 302. 
cruetfle, v., Fr. cmcifitr ; crucijy, c. M. 18273. 
crucifix, sb.» cnuijix, a. r. 16. 
crucken, v., cf. M.L.o\ krucken ; Ifcndy twist : 

jch foileawaie tbaicrucke (pres.) Pall. ii. 210. 
orud, sb.. trowtt, Ar. ^ Mer. 5510. 
crudde, curde, sb., mrdy * coagulum^ PR. P. 

J05 ; cruddea 1 pi. 1 Langl. B vi. 284 ; curdes 

voc. [78, 
eruddin, \%j curdle^ * cmgulo^ PR. P. 105 ; 

cnidded { ppk\) W'lCL. JOB x. 10. 
crude, sb., harro7L\ hamkart ; crowde, * ceni- 

'vedofium^ PR. P. 105* 
eroude-wain, sb.j </ M.Du, kruiwaghen ; 

htrndcart^ AM. l1 Amil, 1858. 
cruden, v., 0,E, crOdim {pret. cread), M.Du, 

kniidcn, i prci. krood \ ; crowds thrust , push ; 

crude Houn (L,) 1293 ; croudin PR. P. 105 ; 

croude Ch. C.t. /> 801 ; out croude {f printed 

treudc) Shor. 33; oroude (imper,) Alis. 609 ; 

€rodin iprcf.pi.} i\ R. L. P. 245. 
cruding© %h.,ihrusiin^,pushing', croudinge 

Ch- C. T. />' 199 ; crovrdinge * cenivectura * PR. 

P. 105. 

cruel, adj., aFr. cruel urw^/, A. R. 100; Rob. 57. 
cruel -liohe, adv., cruelly ^ Ch. Tro. iv. 1274; 

crewelli Meri.. i. 2 {127). 
orUQine&B, sb*, crueliy^ Trev. 1. 1 77; SACR. 

769. 
cruelty, sb., cmdty. A, R. 268; Man. (F.) 5186. 
cruet, sb., cruets ^ phiala^ rel. I. 7 ; crouet 

Shor, 49; cruetz (//.) Brd. 14. 
Crult adj.,= ALff.G. krul, M.Du.\aco\ ; curly \ 

(mj, crolle) Aus, 1999; crulle (//.) Ch. C. 

T.ABu 
eruUen,v.,= /l/.Z.t;.krullen,Z>«.kroIlen; curi\ 

crollid (ppf^.) Per. 1354; curlid PR. P. iii. 
crumb, adj., O /^m crumb, = O.L.G, crumb, 

O.H.G. cbmmb, c/. Ir. crum, crom, Gael. 

crom, Bret, kroumm, kromm ; curved^ Orm. 

9207 ; croume \dnt. it.) s. S. (Wr.) 2477. 
crum be, sb., hook^ hend\ crombe, crome, 

croumbe, ' uncus,, bucus^ PR. P. 104. 
cxumbeu, v., cf. (XH.G. fge)chrumben, J/.Z?«. 

krommen ; make curifed^ bend \ cromin PR. P. 

104; crmnpt (//M ) H ALU W. 284. 
crume, sb., O.E. cruma {tm,)^ cf, Ger, krume, 

Sived. km ma, krummc m, ; crumby * mica^ 

VOC 258; A. R. 342; crumme PR. P. 106; 

Gow. 111. 35 ; crome Trev. IV. 399; MiRC 

20f3; axie croume Lr.B. Jes. 155; oruman 

{ pL) Mat. XV. 27 ; crum en A. R. 344 ; crumes 

(/« J. crum mess) Orm. 1 475 ; cromes Ch. C.T. 

(T.) 15528. 
cronL*bolle, sb.> crumb bowly PL. CR. 347. 



criimelen, v., Ger, kriimeln ; crumble ; kre- 

melid (pple,) L. c. c 36. 
crummin, cf, L,G, kromen ; crumble^ break 

into crumbs f PR. P. 106. 
crumpe, sb., cramp, spasm^ Townl. 308. 
crumplen, v., crumple ; crumpled ipple.), c 

M. 8087; was crompild and crokid Flor. 

1979. 
crundel, sb., 0,E, crundel (f mound) ; cave, 

hom. II. 139. 
crime, sb., cf, O.N, kruna, O.Fr. cor5ne, co- 
rune; crown, Orm. 8 1 58; misc. 48; j>e)>omene 

krune A. R. 258; crune [croune] LA5. 4251, 

131 10 ; crune, croune, corune Hav. 568, 1319, 

2734 ; crune, corune GEN. & ex. 2638, 2642 ; 

his croune was ... of ismite, blodi was his 

heved Bek. 2227 ; corone [croune] Langl. 

^ ii. 10 ; coroune ayenb. 168 ; crunen (//.) 

A. R. 238 ; crounen Rob. 242 ; see corrln. 
crunen, v., cf. O.N. kruna, O.Fr. coroner, 

coruner ; crown ; crouni Bek. 1728 ; to croune 

fe to king(e) Rob. 105 ; kruneS (pres.) 

A. R. 392 ; coroune)) ayenb. 72 ; cruneden 

(pret.) La^. 31935; crtined (pple.) Orm. 

5462 ; icruned hom. I. 121. 
cruninge, sb., coronation, PROCL. 8 ; croun- 

ing Rob. 430. 
criipel, sb., O.E, (eor^-) crupel, cryppel,= 

O.H.G. crupel, O.N. krypill, kryppill, M.Du. 

krepel,kreupel, O Fris. kreppel \from cr@cpen ; 

cripple, H. M. 33 ; REL. I. 243 ; cripel CHR. E. 

771 ; cripel [crepel] C M. 12260 ; cripil, crepil 

^ claudus^ PR. P. 103 ; crepel Gow. III. 147. 
cnipelen, v., f go like a cripple ; cripelajide 

(pple.) REL. I. 211 (misc. 5). 
orus, ^.,—M.H.G. krus, A/.i^tf . kruis ; curly, 

angry ; Hav. 1966 ; crus [crous] c M. 14740. 
[cnuschel, sb., cf. M.H.G. kroschel, krossel, 

krustel, kruspel.J 
oruschil-bon, sb., ^ cartilago^ PR. P. 106. 
crusohin, v., O.Fr. cruisir, croisir; crush, 

^ quasso^ PR. P. 106; cruschen D. Arth. 

1 134. 
cruse, crouse, sb., M.Du. kruise, = O.N, 

krus, M.H.G. kruse ; cruse, drinking-vessel, 

bowl; * cantharus^ PR. p. 105 ; croos Misc. 

29 ; cruce Pall. xi. 51 ; cruseB (pi.) * cyathi* 

Pall. i. 584. 

oruskiD, 9b., a little cruse, PR. P. 106. 
cruste, sb., cf. Ger. krusteyC, krust m., from 

Lat. crusta, crustum ; crust, PR. p. 106 ; crust 

p. s. 204. 
crusted, adj., having a crust : a crustid 

cake WiCL. EXOD. xxix. 23. 
cu, sb., O.E. cu, = O.Fris. ku, O.N. kyr (ace. 

ku), O.L.G.,M.Du.\ib, O.H.G. chuo; cow, A.s. 

4; Vm' vacca^ TKAG. y, a. R. 418; Alis. 5956; 

cou P. L. s. xiii. 221 ; ayenb. 56; Langl. 

B vi. 289 ; ki [O.E. cy] (pi.) Man. (F.) 4732 ; 

C. M. 4564 ; kie PS. Ixvii. 31 ; kuin (r. w. slen) 



1 



Digitized by 



Google 



cii. 

Aus. 760 ; kyn P. L. s. xiii. 235 ; Ch. C. T. 
^4021; kiin [kien] Langl. ^ vi. 142 ; kien 
WiCL. GEN. xxxii. 1 5 ; kin, ken Will. 6, 244 ; 
ken AYENB. 191 ; OCTOV. (W.) 672. 
Cou-baohe» pr. n., P. L. S. xiii. 244. 
cou-cal^ sb., cow calf^ Langl. -ff xv. 462. 
coii-herde, sb., 0,E, cuhyrde; cowherd. 
Will. 4. 

oou-sohote, sb., 0,E. cusceote, cuscote, 
prorv. Eng. cushat ; wood-pigeotiy ^palumbus^ 
CATH. 79; couscot ^palumbus^ VOC. 221; 
qvisht Pall. i. 758. 

cou-aloppe, sb., 0,E, cusloppe, cuslyppe ; 
cowslip y VOC. 162. 

cou-sokiQle, sb., some plants ? cowberry , 
t cowslip; * vaccinium ' VOC. 176. 
cubbely sb., staff, a. r. 140. 
oubicnlariOy sb., Lat. cubicularius ; chamber- 
lairiy VVlCL. JUD. xii. 6. 

cubit, sb., LcU. cubitus; cubit, WiCL. Jer. 
xxxviii. 12; A. P. ii. 319; Trev. II. 235; 
TowNL. 28 ; WiCL. Mat. vi. 27 ; cubits (pi.) 
WiCL. gen. vi. 15 ; cupidez a. p. ii. 315. 
cuccu, sb., 0,Fr, cucu, coucou ; aickoo, a. s. 
iii.; cukkou Trev. I. 229 ; coccou ayenb. 59 ; 
Ch. p. f. 358. 

ciichene, [kiohene], sb., 0,E, cycene, from 
Lot. coqulna, cf. 0,H,G, cuchina, chuchina ; 
^tchen^ La^. 33 16 ; kuchene A. R. 214 ; kichene, 
kechene Will. 1681, 1707 ; kechene ayenb. 
171 ; kechine Perc. 455. 
[cuckiiig, sb., kicking f\ 
cuckin^stoly sb., cuckingstool, P. s. 345 ; 
co(c)kingst6l REL. II. 176. 
cuc-Btool, sb., cucking-stool y ' cadurca^ pr. p. 
107 ; cokstol P. 72. 

Wide, sb., 1=0.H.G, cuti (gluten)] f pitch: 
hwit Glide f mastic leechd. III. 136 ; code, 
sowters wex PR. p. 85 ; DiGB. M. 35 ; coode 
[pice '] WiCL. EX. ii. 3. 
cude, sb., 0,E. cudu, cwudu, cweodu, cwidu ; 
cud, Orm. 1237; cude [code] c. M. 1958; 
chewi)) kude [code, qvide, qvede] [* ruminat '] 

WlCL. lev. XI. 3, DEUT. Xiv. 6. 

cuf, sb., 0,E. cyf ; tub, frag. 4 ; kive [dat^f 
REL. II. 191 ; keve \f printed kove) Bev. 
2415. 

cnfTe, %\cuff, sleeve, ' c(h)irot{h)eca; pr. p. 

106 ; coflfes {pL) Langl. B vi. 62. 
ciiggel,sb.,a£'.kycgel (dart)Mgg€i,cf. Welsh 

cogeil (distaff, truncheon); f cudgel, A. R.292. 
cukeweald, sb., cuckold-, cnkeweld o. & n. 

'544; kukewald D. Arth. 1312 ; rokewold 

Langl. A iv. 140 ; Ch. C. t. A 3152. 
CUl, sb., stroke : ))e cul of ))er eax A. R. 128. 
cul, see kel, cule, see cuvele. 
Ciilfre, sb., 0,E. culfre, culufre, mod, dialects 

culver; pigeon, dove, Orm. 1258 ; kulvre A. R. 

98 ; culver WiCL, gen. viii 8 ; colvre ayenb. 



cume. 



J43 



142 ; colvre, colvere Marg, sqj, 299 ; colvere 
[colver] Langl. B xv. 396 \ culfren, culfm 
(gen,) HOM. I. 95, 141 ; culfre brid Orm, 
7887 ; ))et tu . . . habbe kulvre kunde a. r. 
292; oulveren [colvere] (//.} La^. 24521 ; 
colfren Rob. 190 ; colveren Alis- 5405; co\- 
veren, colveres Mand. 118; culvere briddis 
[^pullos columbarum '] WiCL. lev. x. 7. 
oolver-houB, sb.,j6/*f^^»-^fj;/.r£j, ayenb. 345, 

[culien, v., fburn; comp, for-culien.] 

ciiUen, v., cf. M.Du, killen, kclicn {lilt), 
M,H,G, kellen, mod,Eng, ]d\V\ P^cwellen; 
strike, beat; kill : ofur to culle of^ur to bete 
P. L. s. XXX. 146; counseilede Caim to allien 
[killen] his broker Langl, A i. 64 ; kill in 
* occido ' PR. p. 274 ; cuUea [pres.] Jos. 545 j 
kulle al ut ))et is i )je krocke a. r. 346 ; ciilla 
(subj.) A. R. 126; kille CH, C. T. D J041; 
ciilde (pret,) s. A. l. 150; k. T. 179; ofte 
me bine culde La^. 20319; culde [kildej 
Langl. A iii. 180; (h)a kuldcn hem dcmn 
Fer. 2660; keld (pple.) OcTOv. ( W.j 1063 : 
))ei virere ikilde [ikeld] Trev. VlJl. 5. 

CuUin, v.,aFr.coillir,/r^wZ«/. colligere ; eull^ 
gather, select, PR. p. 107; coile i>i:p, K. iii. 
200 ; sex hundred of hise he colede {PretA 
out Man. (F.) 2731. 

ciilniy sb., soot, ^fuligo' PR. p. 108. 

[ciilmen, v., / cover with soot; comp. bi-ool- 
men.] 

culmi [colini],adj.,/j^^/>^, Langl, B xHL 356 ; 
his colmie snute Horn (L.] 10S2, 

ciilne, sb., 0,E, cyln, cf. OjW kylna \ kiln, 
furnace; kulne rel. II. 81 ; kilne PR, p, 374, 

Ciilpe, sb., mod,Eng,\i^\^', sea-weed; oulpea 
(//.) Trev. n. 81. 

CUlrage, sb., Er, curage (? O.Er. *culrage) ; 
arse-smart, water-pepper, Vi, T . 133; "^persi- 
coria * PR. P. 108. 

oulter, sb., 0,E. culter, from Lat. culter ; 
coulter, Langl. B vi, 106; WicL. prov, 
xxiii. 2 ; Ch. C. t. A 3763 ; colter Map 338. 

culture, sb., Fr. culture ; culture^ Pall, j, 21, 

culvere, see culfre. 

culvert, adj., 0,Fr, culvert, Lat, collibertus ; 
villanous, A. R. 96; Fl. & Bl. 329 ; cf col- 
ward. 

CUmb, sb., O.E, cumb m. ; coomb^ a measure of 

capacity; coume ^ cumba^ PR. p. 97, 
Cumberland, pr. n., O.^.Cumbra land \ Cum* 

berland, MISC. 146. 
cumblen, see oomblen. 
cume, sb., O.E, cuma, = O. H, G, qvemo ; 

stranger. Mat. xxv. 35; \m bist him cume 

deore La^. 4373 ; oumene (gen. pL) Lk. ii. ; ; 

comp, wil-oume. 
oiime, sb., 0,E, cyme, m., cf OX,G. ctimii 

O.H.G. chumi, qvemi /, Goth, qums m,\ 

advent, arrival, a. r. 188; o. & N. 436; 

cume, kume, kime [come] Laj, 3962, 6646, 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



144 



cume. 



cflnd. 



14827; cume, come Kath. 413, 671; come 
Orm. 718; GEN. & EX. 2267; Horn (L.) 
S30; c L. 1031 ; Will. 4192; d. Arth. 
1 303 ; camp, ^ein-, h&m-, hider-, on-, to-, 

[Clime, adj., 0,E, cyme ; becoming,'] 

cume-lioh, adj., 0,E, cymllc; comely , H. M. 

25; kumli Iw. 2886; comli Alis. 6055; 

Langl. Bxv. 444; oumeliohe (adv,) Marh. 

19; comeliche SPEC. 37; oomloker {com- 

parJ) Caw. 869 ; oomlokest {superL) Gaw. 53. 

oomli^hede, sb., comeliness^ Gow. II. 354. 

comlinesse, sb., comeliness^ PR. P. 89. 

cum el, sb. ; fambushy shelter under tents \ 
on en me Ian, comelan, comlen, comele Laj. 
6630, 1 JQ09, 20273, 30400. 

ouineLmg, sb., = 0,H,G, chomeling; from 
cumen ; stranger, new comer, GEN. & EX. 
834; cumltng Iw. 1627 ; cumling [comeling] 
WicL. i.LV* XXV. 47; comeling PR. P. 89; 
komlingas (//.) ROB. 18. 

cumen, v., 0,E, cuman, = 0.7^.(7. cuman, O, 
Fri.^. kuma, koma, O.N. koma, O.H,G, cho- 
man, q\ eman, Goth, qiman ; come, Lk. xviii. 
16; Sax. chr. 250; HOM. I. 19; Jul. 53; 
Orm. 2179; GEN. & EX. 305 ; REL. I. 223 ; 
cumen [come] Laj. 3025 ; kumen A. R. 394 ; 
cum:i;nj cuman FRAG. 6, 7 ; cume Kath. 694 ; 
cume, come o. & N. 611 ; comen Hav. 413; 
come Ch. C. T. Z? 1684 ; ))a sunde to otunene 
Laj. 16029; make)) to comene ayenb. 106; 
to cumende HOM. II. I17 ; bat is to cominge 
Trkv. hi. 471 ; ciimeBt, kimest \0,E, cy- 
mest, cymst], {pres^ Jul. 62, 63 ; kymst Lk. 
xxiii* 42 ; comest O. & N. 585 ; cume)> frag. 
5 ; cume^', kime^ A. R. 350 ; kume¥, kime^, 
kim^ HOM. I. 33, 81, 153; kem^ Lk. ix. 
26; cumeji, comej^ O. & N. 302, 1531 ; come% 
Katk. 2460; comeb Langl. A\, 59; sche 
come)> ride Launf. 867 ; (we) cume^ hom. I. 
51 ; 3c come)> P. L. S. xii. in ; hi come^ 
viii. iiS; kume (subj,) A. R. 424; cume 
Horn, (L.) 143 ; cumen we let us come, La^. 
13006; cum {imper.) La^. 12944; cum, kum 
A. R, 9S, 292; cume)» WiCL. Mat. iv. 19; 
cominde {pple,) ayenb. 264 ; cam (pfet.) 
GEN. & EX. 494 ; LEB. JES. 285 ; Ch. C. t. A 
S47; s. s, (Wr.) 460; Mand. 12; kam HaV. 
863; cam Langl. B ix. 151; com (?c6m), 
come A x. 166, B ix. 137 (Wr. 5449, coom) ; 
com (7 com) frag. 8 ; Marh. 2; Kath. 154; 
o. & N. [33 ; Bek. 4; Will. 39 ; Tor. 662 ; 
ims. comm) Orm. loi ; {r,w. hom) L. N. F. 216; 
a vulid com fl(e)on from h(e)ovene hom. I. 
81 ; ])et com wel for^ (sprang up) 133; s(e)o^- 
^en he com to monne {he became man) 167 ; 
^K com Jjer a mon imen La^. 5748 ; seinte 
Katerine of noble cunne com P. L. S. xix. i ; 
fo hit com to even ayenb. 191 ; so sone so 
she to him come Al. (L.') 511; ()>u) come 
Orm. 28)2 1 o. & N. 1058; Horn (R.) 1178; 
Jos. 434; comen Sax. chr. 249; Mat. ii. 
2 ; Orm. 749a ; gen. & BX. 1979; s. s. (Wr.) 



318 ; comen [coomen] Langl. ^ xx. 219 ; 
coomen K. T. 189; come o. & N. 167 1 ; Rob. 
15; komen, keme Hav. 1012, 1208; ]>ai 
kemen Fer. 3130; kemin s. & c. 1. xlvi ; 
come isubj,) o. & N. 1015 ; Rob. 220 ; cimien 
(pple,) Orm. 134 ; gen. & ex. 365 ; Iw. 2956 ; 
comen Misc. 197; Ch. C. t. A 671; camp, 
a-, an-, bi-, ^e-, over-oumen ; cLeriv. ctime, 
cume, cweme. 
coming^, sb., coming, Trev. I. 29. 

cumin, sb., O.Fr,, cumin, coumin (cf, O.E, 
cymen), Lat, cuminum, cymlnum ; cummin^ 
Mat. xxiii. 23 ; comin PR. P. 89 ; SPEa 27 ; 
Alis. 6797 ; Wicl. Is. xxviii. 25. 

cumlen, v., f 0,N, kumla ; f become cramped", 
\ comble (pres,) rel. 1 1. 211 ; oimiblid 
(pple.) [comelid] hondis [* manus dissoluias '] 
Wicl. Is. xxxv. 3; comelid ^eviraius' PR. 
p. 88 ; comp, a-oumlen. 

cumsen, see comsen. 

ciin, sb., 0,E, cynn,= (9.A^. kyn, kynni, O.Fris, 
ken, 0,L,G, cunni, 0,H,G, chunni, Goth, 
kuni n,; kin, kind, species, Kath. 445; 
monna cun hom. I. 97; cun, kun La^. 319, 
328 ; kun A. R. 308 ; o. & N. 714 ; fader mo- 
der ant al mi kun spec 91 ; i have no kinne 
[kin, kun] ))ere Langl. Bv, 639 ; kin Orm. 
2053; Hay. 393; his kin and his frendes 
Mand. 309 ; ken ayenb. 42 ; Will. 722 ; 
Gow. III. 332; ounnes (gen) Jul, ii; 
alles cunnes wilde d(e)or hom. I. 79 ; on 
aelches cunnes [kinnes] wise La^. 8072; 
heora nexta ounnes mon (kinsman) 2727 ; 
Davi)>es kinnes man Orm. 12528 ; his cunnes 
men Bek. 1657 ; kunnes C. L. 855 ; ones 
kunnes treou a. R. 150; for nones kunnes 
mede P. s. 193 ; kinnes gen. & EX. 756 ; eches 
kinnes chapman hom. II. 193 ; cunne 
(dat:) FRAG. 7 ; O. & N. 271 ; he is of a^ele 
cunne La^. 11465; of J)ises win^eardes 
kynne [* geni?nine*] Mk. xiv. 25 ; ounna (pi.) 
LEECHD. III. 94; cunne A. R. 128; ^reo 
cunne fan Marh. i ; on feole kunne wisen 
(r, wise) in many ways, LA5. 17 17; a bre 
cunne wise Misa 38; kinne hom, II. 63; 
alle kinne sinnes Langl. B xx. 370 ; tweire 
kunne salve O. & N. 888 ; tweire kinne hom. 
II. 95 ; of alle kinne cwike der Orm. 14558 ; 
comp. deor-, fu^el'*, man-, wif-oun. 
kiin-red, sb., kindred, Degr. 835 ; kenred 
Shor. 45 ; kiinrede (dcU,) o. & N. 1677 ; 
kinrede Mand. 67 ; cunredes (pL) hom. I. 
261. 

oun-reden, sb., 0,E, cynr^den ; rcu:e, kin- 
dred, Jul. 60; cunraden (f printed cum 
raden) Hickes I. 225 ; kunrede Rob. 284 ; 
kinrede ^prosapia * PR. P. 275 ; Ch. C. t. A 
2790 ; kinrede, -rade Trev. VII. 471 ; kinrade 
Will. 522 ; fa twelf kunreden hom. I. 141. 

ciin-run, sb., 0,E^ cynryn; genera/ion, 
^ generation frag. 2. 
[ciindy adj., comp^ god-, gram«cund«] 



Digitized by 



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cund. 



cure. 



145 



[cundy adj., ?=out$; comp. ndme-ound.]' 

cfinde, sb., 0,E, cynd, = 0,N, kyndi »., 
(f. Lot. gens /. ; kind^ nature, hom. I. 99 ; 
Marh. 8; ))ene waei )>e toward his cunde 
(sec, text cub))e) laei Laj. 21492 ; )>at beo)) 
of )»ine cunde o. & N. 251 ; he hab angles 
cunde treat. 134; ))eos (beastes) ao^ hare 
cunde ... in a time of J>e ^er H. M. 25 ; 
feo kunde A. R. 14; none nerre kunde fer 
nas Rob. 169 ; kuinde Jos. 131 ; kinde Orm. 
663; Will. 2506; Ch. C. t. -4 2451 ; Gaw. 
5 ; jJe kinde [kuinde] ])at of him com c. L. 
19; as kinde askef Langl. B ii. 27 ; ^ 

\ hertes haven an o^er kinde REL. I. 216 ; to 
forsake his wedded wif and do his kinde o]>er 
wai MiRC 230 ; of kinde [' naturae '] WiCL. 
deut. xxiii. 12; J>e la we of kinde Gow. III. 
204 ; a^enst kinde Mand. 223 ; kende, kinde, 
^ genus, progenies, prosapia^ PR. P. 271; 
kende Shor. 9; ayenb. 28; J)at it were 
comen of riche kende lai le fr. 138 ; after 
kindes wune gen. & EX. 1652 ; comp, god-, 
^e-, man-eunde. 

cimde, adj., 0,E, cynde, mod,Eng, kind; 
natural, native; kind, treat. 136; he J)at 
is so cunde REL. II. 227; J>e cunde folk of 
\^ lond Rob. 40 ; kuinde c. L. 1044 ; kinde 
Ch. C. t. ^602 ; (h)is kinde lond gen. & ex. 
1279 > his kinde fader Will. 309 ; kuinde 
wit Langl. -4i. 53 ; kende, kinde PR. P. 271 ; 
kende Shor. 90 ; comp, 30-, un-ounde. 
kuiid-[h]ede [kindhide], sb., kindness, 
Rob. 452 ; kuindhede leb. Jes. 122. 
cunde-liohy adj., O.E, cyndellc, mod.Eng, 
kindly ; naturcU, Kath. 964 ; hit is a kinde- 
lich ^ng AVOW. Arth. xi.; kindeli WiCL. 
wiSD. xii. 10 ; kendelich AYENa 47 ; kiinde- 
liohe {adv.) A, R. 120 ; kindelike GEN. & EX. 
2500; kuindeli Langl. ^ iii. 15; kindeli 
PR. C. 1686. 

kundenesse, sb., kindness, leg. 185 ; kinde- 
nes Will. 321. 
kinde-ship, sb., benignity, Gow. II. 292. 

ciindel, sb., offspring \ jiesne kundel a. r. 
200; kondles {pL) A. R. 200; kindles rel. 
1. 222 ; kindlis \^genimina '] WiCL. Lk. iii. 7. 
oimdlen, v., prov,Eng, kindle ; bring forth ; 
kindlin ^/eto' PR. P. 275; kimdleS (pres,) 
A. R. 194 ; wanne he is ikindled (pple,) rel. 
I. 209. 

ctine, see kine. oungery see conger, 
cunin, see ooning. 

cunnen, v., 0,E. cunnan,=6^<7M. kunnan, O, 
Fris. OJVlkunna, 0,H.G, chunnan ; see can ; 
know; be able; HOM. I. 73; Orm. 2958; 
alle ]« cieftes )»at clerke ah to cunnen Kath. 
524 ; cunnen . . . ))onc [cf. Germ, dank wissen] 
A.R. 124; cunne LA3. 25113; kunne WiCL. 
eccles. vii. 26; knowe and kunne [konne] 
Langl. ^xv. 45 ; konnen C. l. 107 i ; conne 
AYENB. 21 ; Gow. I. 200 ; S. S. (Wr.) 33 ; 
Parten. prol. 104 ; Creseide shal not conne 



knowe me Ch. Tro. v. 1404 ; konne Rob. 
45; cune iimper,) HOM. II. 29; cimnand 
(pple,) M. H. 93 ; )»at heeld him self sn kim- 
nmge [konning] Langl. B xi. 70 ; cu^e ( prtt.) 
[mod,Eng, could] La^. 904; cu^,ku^c uen,& 
EX. 289, 1659 ; ku^ Kath. 1544 ; a. k. 66 ; 
ku))e O. & N. 714; couJ)e Hav. ii;i; s. s, 
(Wr.) 2319 ; couthe [koube] Langl. A prol. 
182; coude Shor. 79; koude Ch. C\ t. A 
713; cu^st A. R. 280; cu¥en Kath. 1330; 
heo cu))en alle spechen HOM. I. 93 ; fa . . , 
))a wei^es cu¥en Laj. 26915 ; cou(jtn p. s. 
248; couthe MIR. PL. 95 ; cG)>e (subj.\ o. & 
N. 663 ; cou]>e AYENB. 105 ; ? coud {pple,) 
Ch. d. Bl. 787. 

ounnen, v., 0,E. cunnian, = (9.Z,.6^. {Ri-)kun- 
non, cf, O.H,G, chunnen; try, test, Orm, 834; 
kunnen HOM. I. 151 ; ounne'S (pres.) hom. 
II, 87 ; heom i folhi , . . j>et cunni^ to beon 
cleane Marh. 13 ; smeihte ant ounnede 
(pret,) )>er of a. r. 114; comp, je-cunaen. 
eunninge, sb., 0,E, cunning, miyiLEfig^ 
cunning; experience, skill, knowledge^ -wis- 
dom, ^ sciential PR. p. 109; kunninge Langl. 
-5 X. 446 ; WiCL. GEN. xliv. 15 ; kunnin^- LioG* 
M. P. 31 ; conninge ayenb. 115. 

oiinte, sb., 0,N, kunta, = 0,Fris, kunte ; 
* vulva,' voc. 186; Angl. IV. 190; counte 
REL. II. 282. 

oui>ey sb., 0,E, <^pe, cf, M.Du, cupe ; f ^om 
LcU, cupa ; basket, Fl. & Bl. 447 ; cuin^, kipe 
^sporta^ Trey. IV. 359 ; oiipen (//.) Kl. & 
Bl. 435 ; twelf cfipe fid c. l. 1278. 

cupideZy see oubit. 

cuppe, sb., O.E, cuppa; cup, Hav. 14; Langl* 
-<4 V. 184; Mand. 52 ; cuppe [* calicem'\ WiCL, 
John xviii. 1 1 ; )>a cuppe La^. 14996 ; cappe, 
kuppe gen. & EX. 2047, 210; cuppe [coppe] 
Ch. C. t. -^ 134 ; coppe Rob. 117 ; Shor. 
20; Man. (F.) 1364; ouppes (pL) Orm. 
14043 ; coppis S. S. (Wr.) 1795. 
cup-bord, sb., cupboard, A. P. ii. 1440^ 
oop-ful, sb., cupful, REL. I. 52. 
oop-maker, sb., cup maker, ^ apkarius^^ 
voc. 213. 

ouppe-mSle, -mfile, adv., by cups, LangL. A 
V. 139 

ouppe-Bohotexiy adj., drunk ['enivrJl, Man. 
(F.) 7560. 

curat, sb., med,Lat, curatus ; curate^ Ch. C. 
T. -^4219. 

curatour, sb., Fr, curat eur ; curator, Mikc 860, 

ciire, sb., 0,E, cyrt,=' M,H,G, kiire m.; from 
oheoBon ; choice, custom : fet wes \^ betste 
cure La^. 8077 ; hefde he ))ene cure 9467 ; 
wind god of cure Horn (R.) 1446^ citis 
HOM. I. 221 ; rigt and Icire GEN. & ex. 451 ; 
after londes kire 1693. 

cure, sb., 0,Fr, cure ; cure,*' cura,' PR. P. no ; 
Fer, 1062 ; Langl. B prol. 88 ; Ch. C. t» 
B 188. 



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146 



ouren. 



cu^J. 



ctiren, v,|— t7^n kiiren ; from oure; select y 
ICath. (E;) 1870; ioiimd i ppit\) A. R. 56*, 

ctirixii V,, O.Fr. curer, from Lai. curare, mod, 
£fijf. cure; ia^€ care 0/^ ^ euro* PR. P. Iio; 
ourede ipr^L) WicL, 3 KlNGt^ xviii. 30. 

curloflitei sb., Fr. curiositid ; curiosity ^ Gow. 

cimour, J^rf oorlour, 

curious, adj., 0,Fn cunous ; curicuSy Trev. 
IL 169. 

ciiniel, sb., 0,E, c>^mel ; kgme! : ^ne curael 
HOM. L 79 ; kumel "■ gramim * FRAG. 3 ; kir- 
nd \i(ramim,^ PR. p. 276; ^nucleus* VOC 
267;'kirnel [kernel 1 LanGU ^?d. 253; oiir- 
neles (//.) Laj. 29266; l. H. R. 26; L. c 
C 25 i curnles A, R. 260* ; kcrneles MAN. (F.) 
14682. 

eiimeii, v,, =£7ifn kfimen ; fortn grain : cume 
Rob. 490; kume | kerne] Langl. Cxiii. 180. 

curraiin, v.» O.Fr. con rear; curry ^ ^ strigillo^ 
cociodio^ PR. P. I to ; curri [currci] PL. CR. 365. 

ourre, sb., cf, Swcd. kurre, M.Du, corre; 

cur, A. R. 140*; CH. L. G. W. 396; LiDG. 

M. P. 29 ■ kurres (//.) PL. CR. 644. 
eiirrs, adj.j O.A\ kyrr^ kvjrrj = J/,//.6^. kiirre, 

Gotk. qairrus ; fquiet^ gentle \ kurre A. R. 288*. 
curro, sb,j O.Fr. curre ; chariot ; cure JUL. 9. 
curs, sb,, OJZ* zm%\ curse, RiiL. I. 129; C. L. 

1385 \ Ch. C. T. ^ 661 ; LiDG. M. P. 53 ; curs 

fcors] P. s. 333 (p, y%) \ cors Shor. 106 ; 

Fkr. 303. 

cura-ful, adj., accuscd^V^lCl^. PROV.xxviii. 9. 
CUTiien, v., 0,E. cursian j atrse ; cursi Brd. 

26 ; curscn GEN» & EX, 4005 ; cur sen [curse] 

Ch. C. t, /J 1 634 j curse Gow, II. 364; 

ourseet, kurscst {fires J) o. & N. 1178; kursed 

A. R. 198 ; curse Jj lcorseJ»| Langl. ^xv. 166; 

tiurseda iprH.) SAX. CHR. 264 J REL. II. 

377 ; oursed ( pph\) HOM. I J. 1 1 ; Orm. 

16059 ; icarsed MiRC ]26i ; i-£?w;*. a-oursien. 
cursed- hmla, sb., cMrscdficss, W' ICL. Bar. ii. 

33. 
ouraedness©, sb., cursednessj Ch. C. T. G 

iioi. 
quTBUBge, sb., O.E, cursung ; cursing, hom. 

1. 205 \ cursinge rel, L 131 (hom. II. 11); 

GEN. ik EX, 3926 ; corsinge AYE.STB. 97. 
curt, sb., 0,Fr, curt, cort ; cotaf^ Sax. CHR. 

266 ; Hav. 16S5 ; kurt A. R. 2to; cort AYENB. 

137 ; curt, court Bek. 165, 747. 
Otirteis, adj,,0,-Fn cortois, court ois ; courteous , 

Misc 155; H.'W* 2916; Bek. 1190; curteis, 

corteis Will. 194, 231. 
kurtels-lichej adv-, courteously^ Will. 873. 
dirt ei Hie, sb., O.Fr, courtoisic^ cmtrtesy, Hav. 

194 ; P. L. s. xxiv* 229 ; Ch. C, i\ A 46 ; kur- 

teisie A. R. 70. 
ciirtel, sb., a^. cyrteU=aiV: kyrtill; ktrtle^ 

tunic, XI ISC. 49; Bek. 3361 ; SPEC. 40; anne 

oiiUil Laj. 4993 \ kurttl A. E. 10 ; kurtd 



[kirtel] Trev. VII. 355 ; kirtel Orm. 10137; 

PL. OR. 229 ; Ch. C. t. -4 3321 ; kertel ayenb. 

191; S. s. (Web.) 1883; ourtle {dot,) hom. 

II. 139 ; oiirUeB {pi,) Trev. VII. 401 ; kirt- 

les Orm. 9292 ; kertles ayenb. 267 ; kertlen 

(dai.pl,) Mat. viL 15. 
ourteour, sb., courtier •, kourteour Will. 342. 
curtiler, sb., 0,Fr, courtilicr (gardener) \ 

monastery gardener^ REL. II. 277. 
curtine, see oortixu 
cue, see oob. 
ciissen, v., 0,E, cyssan,=(7.iV. kyssa, 0,Fris. 

kessa, 0,H,G, cussan ; kiss^ A. R. 424 ; c L. 

552 ; cusse SPEC. 38 ; kissin ^ oscular^ PR. P. 

277 ; kisse M. H. 83 ; Ch. C. t. A 3680 ; kesse 

Will. 5045 ; Octov. (W.) 585 ; cub (imper) 

A. R. 102 ; ouBte (pret,) La^. 1194 ; Misa 42 ; 

Horn (L.) 405; kiste gen. & ex. 1652; 

Langl. B xviii. 420 ; keste ayenb. 240 ; cus- 

ten Bek. 288. 
cuBBinge, sb., cf, M,H,G, kttssung ; kissing^ 

SPEC 70 ; kessinge Fl. & Bl. 513. 
cuBsiiiy ^,y—0,H,G, cussin, 0,Fr. cuissin, 

coissin ; cushion \ cushin PR. P. 11 1 ; kussi* 

nlB (//.) Halliw. 500. 
CiistOy sb., 0,E, QysXy=0,Fris. kest, 0,L.G. 

cust, 0,H,G, cust, chust, Goth, (ga-)kusts^ ; 

from oheosen ; virtue, quality ; nane custe 

LA3. 21498; oiiBte (pL) REL. I. 178; La^ 

31019; MISC118; ouBte (^^. //.) o. & N. 9 ; 

na non nuste of Baldulfes custe LA3. 20324. 
cilstiy adj., 0,E, cystig, = 0,H,G. chustig ; 

liberal, munificent, FRAG. 3 ; LA5, 6366 : 

kisti^ Orm. 4698 : comp. mete-ouBtL 
oustineBBey sb., 0,E, cystigness ; libercdiiy^ 

hom. I. 105. 
oustumey see ooBtume. 
cut, sb., lot, ^sors^ PR. P. ill ; Ch. C. t. A 

835 ; kut REL. I. 7. 
cutte, sb., M,Du, kutte; pudendum muliebre\ 

kutte LUD. Cov. 218. 
cuttin, v., cut, * sa'ndo, seco,* PR. P. 1 1 1 ; kutte 

[*sandere'] WiCL. lev. x. 6 ; cutte [kitte] Ch. 

C. T. C954 ; cotte MiRC 1929 ; kutte (subf) 

M AND. 49; outte (pret.) LA3. 8182* ; kutte 

Alis. 2336 ; kutten [kitten, ketten] Langl. B 

vi. 191 ; citte Hav. 942 ; outted (pple,) PL, 

CR. 434 ; PR. c. 3715 ; comp. for-outten. 
outtere, sb., cutter, voc. 195. 
outtinge, sb., cutting, PR. P. iii. 
outte-pors, sb., cut -purse, pick -pockety 

Langl. Av\, 118. 
cuts, adj., 0,E, cu^, «= 0,L,G, cuth, Goth. 

kun|)s, 0,H,G. chund, 0,N, kunnr; kn4)wn^ 

Laj. 747 ; jef ])u cneowe ant were cu^ (ac^ 

quainted) wi^ ))e king Jul. 22; cu)> Orm. 

9240 ; MISC. 96 ; in ever euch londe ich am 

cu^ [cuuj)] (known) o. & N. 922 ; cou)> Bek. 

1 198 ; Gow. II. 310; cou)>, kouth Ch. C. t. 

£■942; kouth LiDG. M. p. 25 ; heo beo^ . . . 

al to ku^e a. r. 204 ; ])e ouddeate [cutest. 



Digitized by 



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ctiV. 



owecchen. 



«# 



cuddest] (super!.) Kath. (E.) 821 ; amp. 
for-, nAtne-, un-oa'S. 

cuS-lfiohen, v., O.E. cu^laecan ; make ac- 
quainted^ familiar \ cu¥lechen HOM. II. 45; 
he hine cu^aehte La^. 17 103. 

USlfiohungey sb., acquaintance^ A. R. 68. 

otit^-lioliy 2i6.y^familiar : mid cu^iche [cou|)- 
liche] worden Laj. 19679 ; and cu^liche spe- 
ken 18809; cubli^ Orm. 2204; cuthli C. M. 
17696 ; cou)>li Gaw. 937 ; kouf li WiCL, prol. 

I KINGS. 

o&S-redne, sh., familiarity y A. R. 168*. 
CuSeiiy v., O.E. cy^an, = O.Fris, ketha, 
OJ..G. cuthian (pret. cuthda), Goth, (gasvi-) 
kun)>jan, O.H.G. chunden {pret. kundta, 
chundita) ; make known^ show^ LA3. 1157; 
HOM. II. 223 ; ku¥en his strenc^e A. R. 222 ; 
cujje P. L. S. viii. 50 ; REL. I. 183 (MISC. 124); 
cuij>e LEG. 38 ; Jos. 484 ; ))at so much love 
him kuijie wolde C L. 590; ki^en HOM. II. 
139; REL. I. 209 (misc 3) ; kijjen Orm. 210; 
ki^ Will. 1184; Man. (F.) 6690; Perc 
1234; J)e so)> i wille J>e ki|)e Octav. (H.) 6og ; 
ke))en Shor. 20; cou))e PL. CR. 17; kdoe 
(pres.) Angl. VII. 220; he cu¥e¥ Mark. 
19; kij)e [cou))e] Langl. -ff v. 181 ; )>u cuj)est 

0. & N. 90; cuj>e)) REL. I. 178 (misc. ii8) ; 
ki)»e)» Orm. 1131 ; his craft he ¥us ki¥e^ rel. 

1. 211 (Misa 5) ; he cuf o. & n. 132 ; ki' 
HOM. II. 79; (we) cu¥e6 Kath. 1348; cu( 
(imper.) MISC 90; cui^ HOM. I. 215; ki)i 
(subj.) Ch. C. T. B 636 ; oiiSde [cuddej (pret.) 
La^. 15194 ; cudde 2462 ; cujjede 4494; cudde 
HOM. 1. 123; Kath. 1354; Rob. 56; c. l. 756 ; 
muchele luve he us cudde P. L. s. viii. 97 ; 
kidde gen. & ex. 165 i; p. s. 342; Lidg. 
M. p. 125 ; kidde )»at he was hende Trist. 
2415; kedde Shor. 48; cuddest Jul. 62; 
kidden Orm. 17822; kidden [kidde] Langl. 
By. 440; ki)>ed {jf>ple.) Orm. 16979; cud 
Kath. 814; kud Fer. 1401 ; kid Gow. II. 
299 ; Man. (F^ 1621 ; it was ful loude kid 
Hav. 1060; of alle_kudde & ku^e sunnen 
A R. 342 ; comp. ^6-c^Sen. 

cuSi, adj., O.E. cy^ig,= O.H.G. kundig, O.N. 
kunnigr; knowing, familiar', cu^ie meyes 
La^. 5098. 

Cfi«8e j:cii)>J)e], sb., O.E. cy^, cy««u, O.H.G. 
chundida, M.H.G. kiinde; kith, kindred, 
native country, LA3. 2435 ; his cu)»)>e and 
(h)is kun LEG. 107 ; J>e king bat ))is ku)>^ 
aujte Jos. 434 ; cu))))e [ki)>))ej Langl. A lii. 
197 ; kej)))e Shor. 19 ; ki))))e Trev. IV. 267 ; 
ki^ ANT. Arth. xii; fro ki|)e and kinne 
Gow. II. 267 ; odSen, che^en (//.) HOM. I. 
23o» 235 ; comp. un-ou'SSe. 
kl|)J)e-h"3, 2A\., familiarly, Orm. 16532. 

cUYeiteu, v., O.Fr. cuveiter ; covet, a. R. 60 

fc^'i\mi\ ; coveite Gow. II. 136 ; ooTeite)> 
«.) Rob. 306. 
cuveitMe, sb., OJ^r, coveitise; covetousness\ 

COYcitisc spec. 49; AYENB. 1 37. 

L 



CUveituSy adj., O.Fr. coveitiis ; coveiaus j 
coveitus Fl. & Bl. 367 ; coveiious s. s. 
(Web.) 1 591; covaitous AYENB. S<> ; covetous 
Man. (F.) 4529. 

ouvel, sb., fcf. M.HG. kiibel; basket \ coul 
* cupa, tina * PR. P. 97 ; E. G. 182 ; m lepes 
& m ooufles (pi.) so muche viss Imi ssolde 
him bringe Rob. 265. 

ouvel-fltaf, sb., pole f?r carrying two-handled 
vessels, GEN. & ex. 3710. 

cuyele, sb., O.E. cufle, c/. O.A\ kufl »«,, 
M.Du. covele, covle f, kovel m.; cowl; 
kuvele A. R. 10; ane cule [covele] Laj. 17698 ; 
covele Bek. 2228 ; under covele and cope 
Shor. i io ; cuvel, covel Hav. 768, 2904 ; 
eoule (ms. cowle) PR. P. 97. 

cwdkien, v., O.E. cwacian ; guake^ ir^mbie^ 
Marh. 19; A. R. 116; qvakien [cwakie] La^, 
179^5 ; qvakie Misa 193 ; A. D. 241 ; ? hwa- 
kien HOM. I. 143 ; whakin, qvakin PR. P. 
523; qwake, whake PR. c 5411, 7343: 
owdkede (pret.) Jul. 21 ; qvakede HiCKLs 
1. 228 ; Rob. 24 ; OcTOV. (W.) 17135 qvakide 
WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvaked Langl. 
-^xviii. 246; qvok Ch. C. T. A 1576; qvoc 
M. H. 9 ; Man. (H.) 292. 
qv^kinge, sb., O.E. cwacung ; quaking^ 
Rob. 336 ; Wigl. Mk. xvi. 8. 

Cwdle,sb.,a^.cwalu,=aZ.a, O.H.G. qvala, 

O.N. kvol ; from ow61en ; deut/i, slaughter : 

^ef hine to cwale for us alle hom. L 121 ; 

qvale com on orve La^. 31809. 

qv&le-huB, sb., torture-chamber^ Laj. 727. 

qv^e-BiSy sb., mortality, Laj. 31900. 

cwalm, sb., O.N cwealm, cwelm,- a/..(7* 
qvalm, O.H.G. qvalm, chvalm ; from aw6Ian ; 
death, slaughter; torture', (/r/w/cv/ cwalm) 
H. M. 29 ; cwalm, cvalm, qvalm o. & N. 1 iS7j 
I199; qvalm ROB. 252; REL* 11, 244 j p. s. 
342 ; C M. 4721 ; fe qvalm muchele (je wea 
on moncunne Laj. 31877 ; qvelm p. L. s, iv, 
9; cwalme (dat.) HOM. I. 115; qvalmc Ch. 
C. t. a 2014 ; owalmes (pL) Lie. xxi. 1 1 ; 
comp. man-, orf-owalm. 
cwalm-hlis, sb., torture-chamber, Kath. 
600; A. R. 140. 
owalin-steoUy sb., O.E. cwealmstow ; place 
of execution, A. R. 106 ; cwalm -Bto we (daL), 
HOM. I. 283. 

cwarterne, sb., O.E. cweartcm; prison^ 
Mat. v. 25 ; Kath. 670; Orm. 6168 : qvart- 
eme Laj. 19293; hom. II. 213; qTarteme 
(//.) Sax. chr. 262. 

[cwdtien, v., cf. M.H.G. qvaien ; satiate % 
comp. over-qvatien.] 

cwdvien, v., tremble, Marh, 48*; qvavin 
Uremo' PR. P. 419; qv&vide {pret.) WiCL. I 
KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvaved Langl. J?x\iiL 61, 

oweochen, v., O.E. cweccan, = J/.Z>w. qvicken ; 
twitch, sfuike', qvecchen mid hafde LA3, 

I 25844; qvecdien [cwecche] to cu^hene j 

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148 



cwecolien. 



cwome. 



3316 ; qveche Alis* 4747; qvicchin ' moveo' 
PR. p. 421 ; qva^te {pret^ Fer. 607 ; fat ba 
eoT^e \\\jiTi qvehte [cvvehte] La^. 20141 ; he 
qveite toward )?e qvene Will. 4344; heo 
qvehten [cn-ehten] heore scaftes LA3. 23907; 
comp. a-oweoch©n. 

cwed, adj., cf, CLE. cwed (dung)^ Blickl. 
r:LOSSESj^O.Ar/j, qvad, M.Du, qvaed, M,H, 
G. qvati khu Wot {^ud; dung); dad; cved 
Laj. 29600; qved o. &N. 1137; Rob. 414; 
Alls. 1243; p. <i. 256; he dude more qved 
CHR. E. 443 J fai t>oghte to do him qved 
J SUM. 611; kved, kvtTitl AYENB. 1 1, 14; qvead 
Shok. 147 ; qvad gen. ik EX. 536; Gow. II. 
246; (jc qvcde Rob. J14; MIRC1658; J>ene 
qvede MISC. 44; he de% al to cweade A. R. 
73 ; qvoda (pi) r. L. s. iv. 31 ; qvade jere 
CH. C. T. B 162S, 

kvead-hede^ sb,, = CFris. qvaedheed ; dad- 
ifz-jrj, AVENli» J 01. 

qved-lio, adj., dadly, ps. xvii. 22*; kvead- 
liche AYENU.S; cw&dh(spanngfy) HOM.I.269. 
kvaadnesse, sb., imquityy AYENB. 10. 
qved-schipe [owedilpe], sb., evily LA3. 
5066; cweadschipe A. R. 310. 

eweiee, sb., 0,N, kveisa, cf, M.L.G. qvese ; 
uker^ A. R. 3^8. 

cw^len, v., O.E, cwelan,=aZ.6^. qvelan, 

OM.G, chelan ; di^ ; de tormented; ow61aS 

(pr^'s.) HOM. f. in; qvSle {subj,)^¥.'L, I. 174; 

(MISC. 112); qvelen (pret,) Laj. 31826; 

deriv. cwdl©, owalm, cwnld. 

[ewelle, sb., killer j comp, man-owelle.] 

cwelien, v., O.E. cwellan,= aZ.6^. qvellian, 
OM.G. qvellen, chtllen, 0,N, kvelja;/r^w 
cwale ; mod. En^. quell ; kill, torture ; (ms. 
crwellenn,/rm/^f/cweUen) Orm. 1843; qvel- 
len [ewelle] La^. 644; qvellin ^ suffoco^ 
PR. p, 419; ewelle R. s. V. (misc. 168); ne 
maj him no feond ewelle S. A. L. 153 ; qvelle 
Rob. 10; Bek. 767- Will. 1246; Lidg. 
M. p. 109; M, H. 96; Egl. 521; the dokes 
criden as mcD woldc hem qvelle Ch. C. t. B 
4580; and with here axes out the braines 
qvell© {hwik) Tro. iv, 46; qvelde (pret~) 
Horn <L.) 988; cwalden Orm. 15526; 
qvalden [cwclden] La^. 1752; qvolde MISC. 
92; cwell^ {pph,) KOM. I. 279; qvelled 
Gaw, 1334^ iqvald [icwelled] LA3. 10928; 
comp. a-cwellen. 
cwellijre^ sb., O.E. cwellere ; kitler, Mk. vi. 
27 ; Marh, 22 ; qvellcre WlCL. ToB. iii. 9 ; 
qveller M. H. 40 ; comp. man-qvellere. 
qvelllii^, sb„ kHiirig, Hob. 296. 

weUen, v„ = M.Du,, OJLG, qvellen ; sprinfr 
up as a Wt'll I jre welJc . . . J)et alne wai kvelf 
(/ ms. kvelj) ayenb. 248. 

cwelm, see cwalm, 

cwelmen, v., O.E. cwelman, cwylman, = O. 
L.G. q\elmjan ; from cwalm; kill : qvelni(e) 
]^ trucident*] PS, xxxvi. 1 4 



cweme, adj., 0,E, (ge)cweme, cf. O.H.G. (bi-) 
qvam ; from oumen ; convenient, agreeable, 
Orm. 466; qveme Hav. 393; Gaw. 2109; 
TowNL. 2 ; hit wes him swi¥e qveme LA3. 
2427 ; qweme C. L. 500; D. Troy 633 ; wheme 
Flor. 145 ; qvemere {compar.) hom. II. 63 ; 
qvemest (superlat.) H. M. 11; GEN. & EX. 
3764 ; comp, ^e-oweme. 

cweme, sb., f pleasure ; to cweme HOM. I. 23 ; 
almahtij god to cweme Orm. 166 i ; )>an 
folke to qveme [cweme] LA5. 347 ; to qveme 
c. l. 1018; Will. 3404; Man. (F.) 7390; 
to qveme [qweme] P. S. 325 (p. 9). 
qveme-ftil, adj. [^ placabilis'], WiCL. exod. 
xxxii. 12 ; qvemfull(e) qveene Alis.' (Sk.) 582. 

cwemeiiy v., 0,E, cweman ; please, hom. I. 
247 ; H. M. 5 ; R. s. V. (misc. 184) ; hu )»u 
miht drihtin cwemen Orm. 12 17; cweme 
La^. 13486*; qvemen Misa 185; Rich. 
3432; qveme O. & N. 209; GREG. 258; 
Gow. I. 166; PS. cxiv. 9; Man. (H.) 286; 
qvemin PR. P. 420; kveme AYENB. 26: 
owemeS (pres.) : servises inedde ne cweme^ 
nout ure loverde ^ coacta servitia deo mm 
placent^ A. R. 338; ow^mde {pret,) frag. 
8 ; cwemmde Orm. 2595 ; comp, ^e-owemen. 
ewSmnesse, sb., 0,E; cwemness ; pleasure, 
HOM. I. 213; qvemnesse II. 55. 

cweiiy sb., 0,E» cwen, cwene, cf, OJ^, kvan, 
kona, 0,L,G, qvan, qvena, O.H,G, qvena, 
Goth, qens, qino {yMvr\), mod,Eng, quean and 
queen; woman; queen, Marh. 19; Orm. 
2159; qven Trist. i 193; qven, qvene [cwene] 
Laj. 182, 3729, 25843; qven, qvene Misa 
195, 196 ; kven, kvene ayenb. 80, 130 ; qwen 
[qwean], qwene c. L. 881, 1192 ; qwen, qwene 
LUD. Cov. 80, 215; cwene A. R. 170, 296; 
kwene hom. 1. 193; qvene R. S. i. (misc. 156) ; 
Fl. & Bl. 8x8 ; Shor. 131 ; Rob. 26 ; Ch. 
C. T. B 161 ; qwene PR. c. 4461 ; qviene S. 
A. L. 154; qvene {gen,) ROB. 26 ; qvene red 
REL. 182 (misc. 122); qvene (dcU,) Laj. 140; 
Tor. .766; qvene (//.) Laj. 24713. 

cwenchen, v., 0,E, (a-)cwencan; quench; 
qvenchen HOM. 1. 175 ; REL. I. 132 ; qvenche 
Shor. 19; ayenb. 204; Trey. 1. 187; Lidg. 
m. p. 151 ; cwenken Orm. 1191 ; qvenohe)» 
(pres,) TREAT. 136; cwenohte (^r^/.) JUL. 
68 ; fat fur qveinte an on P. L. S. xv. 204 ; 
qvenohed {pple,) M and. 70; qvenchid WiCL. 
Mk. ix. 44 ; cwenked Orm. 4417 ; qveint 
Gow. II. 201; Langl. ,5xviii. 344; Ch. 
C. T. A 2321 ; ikvenct AYENB. 186; iqveint 
MiRC 1 1 94; comp, a-owenohen. 
qvenohing^, sb., quenching, extinction^ 
TREAT. 135; qvenching misc. 7. 

cwerkin, v,,= 0,Fris, qverka, 0,N, kyrkja; 
choke, strangle, ^ suffoco^; qverkin PR. P. 42a 

cweme, sb., 0,E, cweom, cwym, = d?.A^.kvern, 
O L.G, qvern, O H,G, qvim, chume, Goth, 
qaimus; quern, hand-mill; qveme ^mold* 

PR. P. 420; P. L. S. xix. 233; AYENB. 18I; 
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dsBde« 



149 



Ch. h. f. 1798 ; WiCL. EX. xi. 15 ; qvemes 

(pi.) Trev. III. 391 ; comp, pepir-qweme. 
oweom-ston, sb., O.F, cweomstan; mi/I- 

stone, FRAG. 4 ; qwemston VOC 233. 

owessen, see qvasohen. 

Cw^lJen, v., 0,E, cwe^an,=^.Z.6^. qvethan, 
qvedan, 0,N, kve^a, O.Fris, qvetha, qveda, 
OJi.G, qvedan, chvedan, chedan, Goth, qi)>an ; 
speak, say, Mat. iv. 17; cwe))en HOM. 1. 37; 
qve^n II. 29; GEN. & EX. 3525; ow6oe 
(pres,) HOM. I. 99 ; Kath. 869 ; i qvej>e him 
qvite R. R. 6999 ; & cwe¥e^ ))e al cwite H. M. 
41; cwebe^ cwe^ hom. I. 31, 113; qve^ 
HOM. II. 5; (we) cwe^a^ hom. I. 113; 
qv^Sende (pple.) rel. I. 129; cwe¥inde 
HOM. I. 99; qwething LUD. Cov. 362; 
cw^)> (preL) quoth Orm. 5214 ; qvaf Will. 
251; Trist. 607; PL. CR. 98; qva^, qvad 
GEN. & EX. 755, 2881 ; qva)> Langl. C iv. 490 ; 
cwa^ cwa)>, qua)>, qvad, qve)> O. & N. 117, 
187, I186 ; qva^, qve^ [cwa))] La^. 696, 6203 ; 
qva]>, qve)> MISC. 40, 86 ; cwe^ Kath. 379 ; 
A. R. 122 ; cwe¥, qvo^ Marh. 4, 22 ; qvath, 
qvoth, qvodh, qvod, hwat Hay. 6oiS, 909, 1650, 
1800, 1888; qvo)> [qvod] Ch. C. T. -4 788; 
qvod Gow. I. 47 ; s. S. (Wr.) 668 ; co|> ant. 
Arth. xxxvii; hio owfiSen \p,E, cwae- 
donl {^/.) John i. 22; cwej)en hom. I. 5; 
cw^n Kath. 134; cwe^en, Pcweden Jul. 
26, 27 ; qve¥en LA3. 893 ; qve))en misc. 146 ; 
qvo^cn GEN. & EX. 3267; qv68en \0.E, 
cweden] {pple) GEN. & EX. 1496; comp, 
a-, W-, for-, je-, mis-ow6t$en ; deriv, owide, 
owiste. 

cwic, adj., 0£, cwic, cwyc, cuc,= t?.Z.6^. qvic, 
OM, kvikr, kykr, 0,H.G. qyech, chech, 
Goth, qius (accus. qivana), mod^Eng, auick ; 
Uving, Kath. 1890; Orm. 1370; qvic [cwic] 
Laj. 22; slou to fi^te & qvic to fle Rob. 
455; qvic, qvik Hay. 1405, 2210; Will. 
1212, 1564; qvik chron. E. 762 ; Ch. C. t. 
^1015; qvik ojier ded Bek. 1822; qvik 
water Wicl. gen. xxvl 19; kvic, qvic 
AVENB. 67, 205; (jwik PR. C 6390; qvek 
M. H. 26; qvik, whik PR. P. 421, 524; whik 
M. t. 156; TOWNL. 163; (j)at) cwucc bread 
HOM. I. 241 ; nowiht owlkes (gen^ nothing 
alive A. R. 334 ; nawiht qvikes Laj. 25758 ; 
cic Mng cuces HOM. I. 225 ; bi mine qvike 
[cwike] live La^. 14595 ; ^a andswarede \e. 
king qvickere (dot. fern.) stefne 16874 ; mid 
qvickere [cwickere] stevene 15873; owike 
(pi.) Jul. 62; cwike briddes Kath. 64; 
cwike & grene boshes Orm. 10002; demen 
. . . cwike & deade HOM. I. 209 ; of qvike 
and of dede Langl. B xix. 53 ; qvike [cwike] 
{dot. pL) Laj. 27317 ; qvic ei^te ROB. 537 ; 
owickure {compar.) A. R. 112; owikest 
(supl.) A. R. 112 ; comp. s&m-oweoo. 
cwio-liche, adv., quickly ^ a. r. 246 ; qvicHche 
[cwidiche] La^. 4697 ; qvic-, qvikliche Will. 
908, 2127 ; qvikliche Alis. 2607 ; owioluker 
(compar.) a. r. 270. 



qvik-mire, sb., quickmire, PL, CR. 226. 
owioneBBOy sb., quickness, A. R. 150; qvik- 
nesse PR. P. 421. 
qvlk-silver, sb., O.E. cwicseolfor: quick- 
silver, Ch. C. t. a 629 ; Mand. 52. 

owidden, v., O.E. cwiddian, cf. O.N. kvi^ja, 
O.H.G. qvettan, chvettan; say, Orm. 19358; 
owiddest (pres.) Kath. 2172; ase hire 
nome cwidde^ A. R. 174; qviddie^ LA3. 
25325; qviddej) Misc 85; owiddeden (pret.) 
Orm. 8013 ; qviddeden (sec. text cwiddede; 
Laj. 13775; cwidded (pple.) Orm. 282; 
icwiddet hom. I. 261. 

cwide, sb., O.E. cwide, cwyde, = O.L.G., 
O.H.G. qvidi, O.N. kvi^r m.j from ow^Sen ; 
saving; promise; legacy., A. R. 208; j)es 
wite^an cwide ... is ifulled hom. I. 91 ; ich 
for3ive aelchere widewe hire laverdes qvide 
[cwide] Laj. 14857 ; qvide O. & N. 685 ; qvede 
gen. & EX. 1463 ; qvethe Gaw. 1150 ; qvides 
[cwides] (//.) LA3. 9141 ; on ealden cwiden 
Mat. v. 27 ; comp. bi-owide. 
qveJ>e-word, sb., promise, ' legatum^ PR. P. 
420. 

owie, sb., t?JV. kvlga : heifer \ qwie ^juvenca^ 
Yoa 218. 

qwie-oal^ sb., O.N. kvlg^ukalfr, prov.Eng. 
why calf ; frmale calf, * vitulaj voc 219. 

cwikieiiy v., O.E. cwidan,^ O.H.G. qvichan, 
chichan ; enliven^ make or be lively ; qwiken 
PR. c 1723 ; qvikin PR. P. 421 ; qvikin [qvike] 
C M. 8622 ; qvikie & A. L. 159; qyikle [qvike] 
(pres.) Langl. -^xviii. 344; )>e brond J>e is 
al aqvenched . . . ne qvike^ he nevre hom. I. 
81; qviken hom. II. 177; cwikede (pret.) 
H. m. 43 ; qyiked (pple.) Ch. C. t. F 1050 ; 
comp. a-owikien. 

owiknen, v., O.N. kvikna ; quicken, give life, 
receive life', qviknin ^vivifico^ PR. P. 421; 
qvikene WiCL. Lk. xvii. 33 ; qvikne (pres.) 
Langl. B xviii. 344* ; a5en qvikenid (7/. r. 
qvikide) [* revixiV\ WiCL. GEN. xlv. 27*. 

cwiste, sb., O.E. (ge)cwi3S, = Goth, (missa-) 
qiss; from ow^Sen; bequest \ qviste Hay. 
219 ; comp. bi-qveate, 

cwiver [cover], adj., O.E. cwifer; brisk, 
lively, A. R. 140. 

cwiild, sb., O.E. c^\^, cwild m. f. n., cf 
O.H.G. qvelida /; from ow^len; death, 
slaughter, ^pestis^ frag. 3. 



d&, sb., O.E. da; doe, Iw. 2027; do ^ dama^ 
FRAG. 3 ; Man. (F.) 15749; doo PR. p. 124; 
Wicl. proy. vi. 5. 

dabbe, sb., stroke, slap, Alis. 2306. 

dabben, v., cf M.Du. dabben ; slap, strike ; 
dabbe)> (pres.) P. s. 192, 

d»d, see d§ad. 

d»de, sb., O.E. daed,= O.Z.a dad, ON. da¥, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



150 



dmde. 



dsBL 



Gath. deds, OM.G. tat / ; Jrom don; deed-, 
dede Laj. 26556; A. R. 62; Orm. 2267; 
RoH- 73 ; PR. c 24S5 ; or he dide ani ojier 
dede Hav. [356 ; bitvex him & Jie was mad 
a prive dedc Man. (H.) 259; in dede Ch. C. 
T. ^659; dade HOJI. 11. 187 ; dede (//.) 
FRAG. 2 ; Brd. 27 ; dede, deden P. L. S. 
viii, Sj 45 ; docde. dede, deden [dedes] Laj. 
4864, 6564, 141 77 ; dede, dade, deden, dedes 
HOM, II, 9, !5^ 131, 222 ; daeden Mat. xviii. 

31 ; deden C, L. ^^38 ; hts uvele deden A. R. 
86 ; mi gode deden spec 99 ; in . . . mine 
deame deades Kath, 575 j dedan (gen. pL) 
HOM. L 117 ; dedan, dede (dat //.) HOM. I. 
99i 159; deden frag. 7; La^. 13976; dede 
p. u s. viii. 2 ; o, & n. 1376; comfi. elmes-, 
god-, harm-, m^ia-, ofer-, iivel-, wel-dSde. 

died-bdt«^ sb,, CKE. d^edbot; atonement, 
n^pnratitm Ji^r a t'tiPHt\ Orm. 6025 ; )>a ded- 
bote HOM. K 23; penitence fet is dedbote 
A. r- 34S; satisfac(cjioun dedbote AYENB. 

32 ; deedbote REL. 1 1, 243. 

dflBi, sb.| O.K. dieg, — O.L.G, dag, 0,Fris. dei, 
O.N. dagr, Goth, dn^, CKH.G. tag ; day, Sax. 
CHR. 260; d:ci, dai LA5. 833, 10246 ; de^ hom. 
L 223 ; der Si niht 65 ; dei KatH. 747 ; to dal 
tO'dqy.yHS; dei a. k. 20; to dai 278; da^HOM. 
n. 257; {>e latste da^ (w:j. da55) Orm. 4168; 
godes gast of hefne com ... an da^ at undem 
time 19458; to da? S415; daig Mat. vi. 34; 
dai FRAG. 7 ; gen. ^ ex, 83 ; (ms, day) PROCL. 
7 ; a da,l fy day o. it N. 219 ; hit was nej 
dai lijt P. L. s. Kvii. 277 ; as hi fischede a dai 
hi )je se P. L. s. xx, 3 ; al dai [O.E. eahie daeg] 
Bek, 1458; }>et habbef? al dai haree^etohevene 
AYENB. 75 ; noQ a dai Gow. I. 64; dniges, 
dacies [0.£. dieges] (g^n,) SAX. CHR. 249, 251 ; 
dici^es Laj. 50032 ; dit*ies [dai3es] and nihtes 
5355; |>es da^es [daies] lihte 26464; dei^es 
HOM, 1- 97 ; deies & nihtes 7 ; deies A. R. 256 ; 
daies Kath. ro/S ; (rrts. dayes) Hav. 2353 ; bi 
daies Uhte O. &: N. 1431 ; have)> daies kare 
1590; be dR:-ics (fir d^eie) Sax. chr. 261 ; 
noa a daies Ch. C. t. G 1 396 ; da^e» daeie, daie 
[O.E. d^ege] {dat.) Laj. 82, 2775, 49^3 ; on his 
daeie [dai^e] 9090 ; setter his deie [dai^e] 2942 ; 
en Edwardes kinges de^e Angl. VII. 220; 
dc^e, dei^e, dcie^ daie HOM. I. 99, 19I} 229; 
dai:jc M K. X. 34 : deie j UL. 10 ; bi deie A. R. 
32 ; daie Fu & Bl. 259 ; bi daie O. & N. 241 ; 
dagea [O.E. dagas] (pL) Mat. xxviii. 20; 
da^es HOM. I. ii; da^en 119; dashes Orm. 
1902; da^eS; d^jes, d^des, dawes [da^es, 
daises, daies, dawes] Laj. 1113, 3895,8724, 
1 921 6 ; da;en 3615 ; dajes, daies ayenb. 198, 
214; dages, daies rel. 1, 225, 226; daies, 
dahes Kath. 1562, 1&44; daies MISC 28; 
Will. 3S43 ; Wicl. John xi. 6 ; daies, dawes 
Bed. 5,6; daigcs gen. & ex. 2455; dawes a. r. 
70 ; dawes MISC. 38 ; Hav. 2344 ; Alis. 1436 ; 
Gow. IL 1 13 ; Launf. i ; daeges leechd. III. 
84 ; dea|e5 fraG. s ; daije [0.£. daga] (gen, 
pi.) Mat. xxiv. 29; fifti da^a hom. I. ^7\ 



da^ene, dawene La5.36i5,46o5 ; twenti dabene 
gong Kath. 2502 ; da^en Shor. 126 ; dagon 
(dat, pi,) Lk. iv. 25 ; dagen Mat. ii. i ; ds^en 
hom. 1. 1 1 ; an his da^en La^. 10932 ; aifter his 
da^en 19848 ; o |)on dawen 1284 ; dagen hom. 

II. 47; daghen Misc 35; on }>an da^gen 
LEECHD. III. 84 ; dawen Alis. 5631 ; of dage 
brogten GEN. & EX. 3545 ; bi olde dawe misc. 
47 ; P. L. s. xiii. 19 ; )>at he had brojt of dawe 
Fer. 2143 ; niani a bold bum was sone brou^t 
of dawe Will. 3817 ; comp. d§a)>-, daster-, 
ende-, 301-, hfili-, lif-, love-, messe-y reete-, 
Bomer-, wft-d»i (dei, dai). 

daies §130, sb., daisy, Alis. 7511 ; daies ie 
Ch. C. t. a 332 ; daies e^es spec 43. 

d»i-hwam-lio, adj., O.E. daeghwamllc; 
daily, ure daihwamliche bred hom. II. 27 ; 
heore da^whamlike swine Orm. 6238; dei- 
hwamliohe (adv.) hom. I. 17. 

dai-li, adj., 0,E. daeglTc; daily, A. P. i. 
313. 

ded-liht, sb., O.E, daegleoht ; daylight^ Laj. 

III. 89; TowNL. 2. 

daig-red, sb., O.E, daeg-, daegered, -raed, ■• 
M.Du. dagheraed ; dawn, John viii. 2 ; R. s. 
iv.'.(Misc. 162). 

dai^-rewe, sb., dawn, hom. II. 255 ; dairewe 
O. & N. 328* ; daierewe Misc 163 ; dairawe 
a. p. ii. 893 ; Alex. 392. 

dai-rieme, sb., O.E. daegrima ; daybreak, 
^aurora,' rel. I. 130 (hom. II. 167); dairim 
o. & n. 328 ; dsirime (dat.) Sax. chr. 249. 

dag-sang, sb., day-singing', wid da^sang & 
wid uhtensang Orm. 6358. 

dai-spring, sb., day-spring, Alis. 4290. 

dai-steorre, sb., O.E. daegsteorra ; day-star^ 
O. & N. 328 ; daisterre WiCL. JOB xxxviii. 32. 

dfiBl, dal, sb., O.E. dael m., dal n., cf. O.L.G.y 
O.Fris. del m. n., OJV. deili n., Goth, dai Is ^, 
O.H.G. teil m. n., mod.Eng. deal ; part, portion : 
)>e moare dael of heom PROCL. 2 ; iwhilc dael 
Orm. 1722 ; del 271 5 ; muchel dael of his cunne 
Laj. 9436 ; )>at beste del [deal] 2951 ; mesten 
dael (S ms. dal) [del] alle nearly all 2153; 
muche deal goldes 6079 ; nenne dal (f for dael) 
John xiii. 8 ; del Shor. 145 ; Langl. B xv. 
480 ; Amad. (R.) xiv ; )>ane del hom. I. 229 ; 
be meste del A. R. 330 ; fet feirest del 276 ; 
pat beste del hom. II. 143 ; sum del 0.& N.870; 
mi song were ispild ech del 1027 ; sum del 
gen. & EX. 353 ; Bek. 688 ; ha was sum del 
oflfruht Kath. 668; mesten del Marh. 17; 
il(c) del Hav. 818; Jbat oJ)er del Brd. 3 ; )ie 
furbe del Will. 1284; deel Trev. I. 153; 
J)e ne)> grat del ine his kende ayenb. 17 ; eche 
daies dol 1 12 ; hi nolden )>er of makie nones 
cunnes dol misc 50; he haefde to daele )»at 
su^nd LA3. 2111 ; him bat lond to dale 
com 21 17; from J)e ojier dele of Engelond 
Trev. II. 85; d&les (pL) frag, i; daeles, 
dales Mat. ii. 22, xvi. 13 ; deles, doles ayenb. 



Digitized by 



Google 



d&l. 



aaigening. 



tr,r 



17 ; he a fif dsele [deale] daelde his ferde Laj. 
21 125 ; dSle {gen,pL) frag. I ; comp, after-, 
fbr-, ^e-y or-» td-d£l (-d&ly -dol) ; see also 
dftle. 

dfil-neominde, sb., 0,E, dselneomende ; 
skareTy HOM. 1. 47. 

dslen, v., O.E, dalan, = t?.Z.(7. delian, OSris, 
dela, d.iV. deila, C^^M. dailjan, 0,H,G, teilan, 
mod.Eng, deal; divide^ share, Orm, 6175; 
heo wolden al ))is lond daelen [deale] heom bi- 
twenen LA3 4053 ; to daelen and to dihten )>is 
kinelond 23627 ; ^r heo gunnen daelen (sepa" 
rate) 18897 ; nu wit scullen delen i^ fight about) 
)»ene das^ of mire ma^en 26041 ; heo gunnen 
delen (fight) 30417 ; J>et ich mote delen 
(take part) ine ham A. R. 28 ; dealen lif & 
soule 224; to dealen his feder chetel to 
neodful(l)e 224 ; delen Misc. 49 ; to delen ^t 
uvel from J>e gode a L. 139 ; to delen with 
swich poraille Ch. C. T. A 247 ; dele ayenb. 
76 ; S. S. (Wr.) 3442 ; PR. c 3460 ; dele, deale 
0. & N. 954 ; hi dfileS (pres) FRAG. 6 ; \€\ 
dele)» Langl. J? x. 28 ; J>e womman bat je with 
delen (cohabit) ^ vii. 90 ; on four aoles delen 
he ¥e ger GEN. & EX. 151 ; del (imper,) gen. 
& EX. 3239 ; dele^ elmesse * date ele(e)' 
mosynani* HOM. I. iii ; ))et¥u ne dele (subj,) 
(share) noht Jier inne 67 ; dSlde (pret,) LA5. 
21126; delde Bek. 1191 ; delden HOM. 1. 91 ; 
dfeled (pple,) Orm. 598 ; deled Rob. 23 ; 
CHR. £. 370 ; )>is )>ing was deled and di3t so 
hem )>ou3t best Ar. & Mer. 5349 ; comp, bi-, 
^e-y to-dSlen. 

delare, sb., 0,E, dselere ; divider, ^partitor, 
distributor^ PR. P. 117 ; FRAG. 2. 

delende, sb., O.E. dielend (Lk. xii. 14) ; 
partner \ non to him ne come ne delende 
nere of his eadinesse HOM. I. 217. 

delinge, sb., = O.H,G, teilunga ; dealing, 
partitioriydivision, Trev. 1. 247 ; [^distributio '] 
WiCL. NUM. xxxvi. 4 ; comp, td-delinge. 
dfil>, see d§a8. 

daffe, sb., fi)ol, idiot, PR. p. in ; deffe 116 ; 
P. s. 328 ; Langl. -4 i. 129 ; Ch. C. t. A 4208. 
[daffen, v., render foolish j comp, bi-daffen.] 
daft, adj., 0,E. (ge-)daeft, mod,Eng, deft, daft; 
mild, gentle J stupid', doumb and daft Map 
343; dafte Orm. 2175; Chest. 1. 134; deft 
' (h)ebes' PR. P. 1 16 ; &t defte meiden rel. 1. 
209 ; comp, ^e-daft. 

dafte-le^c, sh,, gentleness, Orm. 2188. 

dafte-like, adv., meekly, becomingly, Orm. 
1215 ; deftli LAI LE FR. 360. 
[daftij, adj., cf, L,Ger,, Du, deftig.] 

daftl3-like, sb., decently, Orm. 1592 1. 
dl^, see dtti. 

dfi5y sb., 0,E, dag, dah,= J/.Z>i^. deegh, 0,N, 
dcigr, Goth, daigs, 0,H,G, teig ; from root of 
Goth, deigan (TrXdo-o-civ) ; dough ; dah * massa * 
FRAG. 4; dagh voc. 201 ; do^ ayenb. 305 ; 
dogh MiRC 1882 ; doh leechd. III. 88 ; dou 



REL. II. 277 ; doghe (dat,) L. C a 41 ^ comp. 

Bur-d&3. 
dou-ribbe, sb., baker's scraper, ' sitrpi^, casta 

pasthalis,' PR. P. 129 ; voc. (W. Wj 575. 
ddu-trough, -trou, sb., kneading /roughs 

PR. P. 129. 
dageily see dajien. 
dagg©» sb., 0,Fr, dague ; strip of doth, 'fac- 

tillus,* PR. p. in; dep. R. iii. 193; highe 

shoos knopped with dagges (pi.) R. R. 

7260. 
daggen, v., O.Fr, daguer; tear iti/o rai^^: 

leet dagge his clojies Langl. ^xx. 1 42 ; daggee 

(pres,) D. Arth. 2102 ; dagged (pph\) Ch. C. 

T. /421. 
daggingy sb., act of slitting', da^^ging of 

sheres Ch. C. t. 74 18. 

[daggen, v., P^^ddawen ; comp, bi-daggen.] 
dagger, sb., dagger, Ch. C. t. A 39:;. 
daggered, adj., wearing a dag^\ri now 

swerded, now daggered Mand. 137. 
da^ien, v., 0,E, dagian, = aA''. daga, O.H.G, 

tagen ; from d»i; dawn, become day ; ( ms. dai- 

5en) [di^e^e] La^. 26940; dagen hkn. :k ex. 

16 ; daiin, dawin PR. P. 1 12 ; dawen spec. 96 ; 

S. s. (Web.) 2249 ; dawe Will. 3261 ; Langl. 

-^xviii. 179; dageS (pres.) HOM. II. J03 ; 

dawe^ A. R. 352 ; )>er dawe^ him no dai Ch. 

C. T. A 1676 ; dawe (subj,) P. S. 238 \ da^^ede, 

dawede (pret,) LA5. 1694, 8523 ; clawed 

Degr. 597 ; comp, a-, of-da^en. 
dawunge, sb., 0,E, dsLg\ing,=MJlj7, lag- 

unge ; dawning, A. R. 20 ; dawinge Rob. 20S ; 

dawing Trev. VI 11. 343*; dagheingt.- 1I.\mp, 

PS. xlv. 5; Ixxiii. 17. 
df^nien, v., for dc^ien; dawn; dawn in 

PR. p. 114. 
daigening, daiening, sb., = Dan., S^ii'^v/. 

dagning; dawning, GEN. & EX. 77, 3:^64; 

dawening Alis. 403 ; daweninge C h. C. t. 

-^4372; Trev. II. 9; dauninge PR. P. 115. 
dagoiuiy ^h,, piece (of cloth, etc), Ch. C.t. D 

1751. 
dagswaine, sb., blanket*, daggiswcine PR. p. 

112; dubbide wi% dagswainneB (pi.) dow- 

blede they seme D. Arth. 3610. 
dah, see d&> 
dahet, sb., 0,Fr. dahait, deshet ; misfortune ; 

dahet [v, r, dehaet] habbe )>at ilke best . . . 

J>at fule)> his owe nest O. & N. 99^ da|>et 

(f printed dayet) Man. (H.) 143 ; di^^it s. s, 

2395 ; da)>et (interj,), woe to, evil befail^ Am. 

& Amil. 1569; Trist. 1875 ; daj)eit IIav. 300, 

926 ; dait Jul.* 202 ; dai )>at P. L. s. xix, 357. 
daheS, sb., from da^en ; f dawn ; euch 

daheoes (gen,) dei every day at datc/t JLL. 7. 
dai, daig, see dmL 
daierie, see deierie. 
daigeningy see under da^en. daineiif see 

deinen. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



15^ 



dalo. 



daschen. 



dale, sb,, OM. dale, doIc,=aiV; dalkr; pin, 
brooch^ ^ispi)nferi' frac* 2; dalke ^rwfl- 
culum^ monilc CATH* 89 ; dole sor and blein 
GEN. & EX. 302;, 

d^e, sb., O.K.A'si\cf.O.L.G.,CothA2X, 0,H,G. 
tal /?., O.N. dalr m.; dait\ valley, Orm. 9203 ; 
Rob. 363 i Langl. A j^kol, 15 ; pr. c 1044; 
jjat dale La^. 27166; ddle Ktiat) O. & N. i ; 
GEN. ^ EX. 19; Alis, 2550; diUes (//.) LA3. 
20860 ; Map 34a ; deales A. R. 282 ; ddlen 
idaLpL) Laj. 21775. 

dale, ^.y^M.L.C. dele, G&th. daila (fifroxTj), 
O.ILG. teila, mod.Eng, dole ^ division, part \ 
ane dale HOM. L 123 ; Kath,99; ne schaitu 
habben , , , dale of heovenc riche Marh. 22 ; 
be feorjie dale Orm. 8273 ; Tie scalt )>u naever 
tialden dale of mine lande Laj. 3084; ))a 
feorP^c dale 331 1 ; ane dicle j.^/ordale) 17754; 
dole GEN, & EX. 152; c. L. 291 ; a. p. i. 136; 
j>eos laste dole a. r, 412 ; hco eoden to j>aere 
dale La3. 19666 j dolen {pL) A. R. 10; see 
dm. 

dali, sb., / O.Fr. daille j rfi>, * tessera, aleaj PR. 

P, 112, 

daliaace [daliaunee], sb., dalliance, Ch. C. 

1\ j4 2LI ; daliatince Gaw. 1012. 
dalien, v.»^<j//»^,/A7/; dali Gaw. 1253; daile 

Man. (H,) 116; disours daiie Alis. 6991; 

dailieden (/r^/.) Gaw, 1114. 
dalkd^ sb,, ? dim, fl/dile ; it I tie dale, * vallis^ 

PR, R 112; REL. II. 78; dalk PR. a 6447. 

daJke, se^ dole. 

dalle, sb,j mmtdlaL doll; hand', put furthe 

^i dalle TowNU 118. 
d&lmatik, adj., O.Fr. dalmatique, Lat. dal- 

matica ; dalmatic^ PR. P. 112; VOC. 249. 
dam, sb,, 0,N, damr,= O.Fn's, dam, dom, 

MM,G. lam ; t/^w^ ^ ^^^^^^ PR. P. 113; * stag" 

num ' VOC 239 ; PS. cvi, 35*. 
dam^ sb,, O./^r.damt dan, dans^Ztf/.dominus; 

sir {prifixed la mmics)^ Hav. 2468; )>is boc is 

dan Michel is ayenb, 1 ; |>e ersebisshop of 

AnxQSi danz Guard Man. (H.) 147. 
damage, sb., 0,Fr, damage ; damage, Alis. 

959 \ TuEV. I L 391 J Man. (F.) 4552. 
damaging, sb., dttmage, injury ; withoute 

damag^ingue LEG. 45. 
damasiiif sb., damson ipium), PR. P. 113; 

VOC 192 J damifiina {pl] wiche withe ]>er 

taste delite Lidg. m. r 15. 
ddme^ sb., iKFr. dame \ darns, lady, Kath. 

21J1 ; A. K. 230; R. s, vii ; Mand. 302; 

Perc. 336. 
dam^sele, sb., O^Fr^ damisele, dameisele; 

damsel^ HoRN. (L.) 1169; damisele Will. 

401. 
damnable, adj,, Fr. damnable j condemnable; 

dampnable SHOK. 152. 
damnacioun, sb., Fn damnation; damnation, 

Ch. a. b. c 23. 



damneiiy v., Fr, damner ; condemn ; damni 

AYENB. 137. 
dampen, v., drown, suffocate ; damped {jfpie.) 

A. p. ii. 989. 

dan, see dam^ dane, see d6ne. 
danger, sb., 0,Fr, dangler, daunger, mod.Eng. 

danger; control, power; resistance, A. R. 356 ; 

Shor. 162 ; Ch. C. t. A 663; now wolde 

God, i had her all wi]>oute daunger at my 

wille Gow. II. 40. 
dangerus, adj., O.Fr, dangereus ; dangerous, 

hard to please, A. R. 108 ; Ch. C. T. B 2129. 
dank, sb., dampness : on )>e danke (dai^ of 

))e dewe many dede liggis D. Arth. 3750. 
dank, adj., damp ; dannke D. Arth. 313. 
danken, v., cf, Swed. danka ; bedew^ damp ; 

dankit {pret.) D. Troy 7997. 
danz, see dam. 
daper, adj., f M,Du, dapper {brave), = O.H,G, 

tapher (heavy, brave) ; dapper ; dapir * ele- 

gans* PR. P. 113. 

[dappel, ? = 0,N, depill (macula),] 
dappel-grai, adj., dapple-gray, Ch. C. T. 

B 2xyj\, 
dar, sb., dace (the fish), Uapito; voc, 253; 

darce B. B. 156, 174. 
dar', sb., / 0,N, darr (spear) ; dart, ^jaculum^ 

VOC. 253 ; (voc. W.W. 558 reads dart, but 

the index has dar). 
dar, see dear and ]>arf. 
darial, sb., 0,Fr, dariole; kind of pastry, 

darialB (pL) L. c C. 38 ; with darielles 

endordide D. Arth. 199. 
d&rin, v., }—L.Ger,, Du,, Fris, (be-)daren; 

lurk, be concealed, ^ lateo,^ PR. P. 113 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 153; dare SPEC. 50; trans. XVI I L 

26; WiCL. Mk. viL 24; Man. (F.) 5183; 

Gaw. 2258 ; a; p. i. 838; d^rie (^pres.) Marh. 

16 ; dare £. T. 553 ; i droupe and dare MiN. 

i. 9 ; dare^ so ge ded were rel. I. 217 ; and 

dari)) J>er for drede Triam. 321 ; we dearie^ 

Jul. 43 ; deovelen ))at in ham dearie^ [daried] 

Kath. 553 ; daren ant. Arth. iv ; dare Ch. 

C. T. -5 1293; d&re (subj,) o. & n. 384; 

dearede ipret.) Kath. 1135; dared Will. 

4055 ; comp. at-d&rien. 
dark, see dearo. 
darnel, sb., Fr, darnel; darnel, Trev. VII. 

525 ; M. H. 145 ; demel WiCL. Mat. xiii. 25, 

29; ^ zizania, lolium* PR. P. 119; demels 

(pi,) \v, r. demeiles, darnels] WiCL. Mat. 

xiii. 30. 
dart, sb., O.Fr, dart {cf, 0,E. daro¥, O.JV. 

darra^r, 0,H,G, tart]; dart, Uelumi PR. p. 

114; Mand. 117; Ch. C. t. .<4 1 564. 
darten, v., cf, OJ^r, darder; pierce with a 

dart, H. R. 143. 
daschen, v., cf, Dan, daske, Swed, daska; ?== 

dwgBchen ; dash, rush, strike ; dasche Alis, 

2887 ; dasche a doun P. L. S. xvii. 366 ; 



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daschen. 



deaf. 



^53 



dasse (pres. pi) Ar. & Mer. 9135; da^ 

Bchande (ppU.)A,F. iii. 312 ; daschte (pre/.) 

Rob. 51 ; dassed Ar. & Mer. 6293 ; dast 9271. 
daseweiiy see d^isin. 
[dasi, adj., c^. Sived, dasig.] 
daai-berd, sb., cf, L,G. dosbart ; simpleton^ 

voc 217; dosebeirde, dossiberde Chest. 

II. 34, 1. 201. 
ddsin, v., O.N. dasa {be slugs;tsk\=M.Du. 

dasen, dwasen (rave^ be foolish) y. O.K. dwae- 

sigean (be foolish), mod.Eng. dase; grow 

^^1 grow dizzy; stupefy, bewilder, * caligo^ 

PR. P. 114 ; dase M. T. 311 ; be ijen schulen 

not dasewe [* non caligabunt^'\ WICL. Is. xxxii. 

3 ; i ddse (pres.) and i dedir TOWNL. 28 ; )>e 

cijen dasewetz p. R. L. P. 221 ; dasen [dasewen, 

daswen] Ch. C. t. ^31 ; d^sed {pret^ A. P. 

iii. 383 ; ddsed (pple.) Ch. h. f. 658 ; L. H. R. 

216 ; PR. c. 6647 ; comp. a-ddsen. 
d&sed-li, adv., coldly, indifferently, when 

a man God dasedli loves PR. a gloss. 289. 
ddsedneSy sb., coldness, indifference, PR. C. 

4904. 
dastard, sb., ffrom O.N. daestr {weary), 

mod,Eng. dastard ; stupid person \ dastard 

or dullard PR. P. 1 14. 
daswen, see d&sin. 
ddte, sb., Fr. date ; date {point of time), Ch. 

C. T. c;i4ii ; Man. (F.) 1747. 
dite, sb., O.Fr. date; dcUe {fruit), ' dadylusj 

PR. P. 114; ddtes (//.) Mand. 57. 
da)>eit, da)>et, see dahet. 
dan, daw, adj., f melancholy \ if god heipe 

amang i mai sit downe daw Townl. 26. 
dan-11, dawli, adv., f sadly, miserably, D. 

Troy 728, 870. 

dawli-li, 2idiv.,for dawli, D. Troy 5359. 
daubin, v., daub, plaster, ^ limo [Ninio], 

muro,^ PR. p. 1 14; daauben {fires.) [* liniunt^ 

WiCL. Ez. xiii. 1 1 ; daube {imper.) a. P. ii. 

313. 
dauber, sb., dauber, ^ argillarius^ PR. P. 

114; voc. 181. 

doubinge, %h., plaster, Langl. Cix. 198. 
daunoe, sb., O.Fr. dance, danse ; dance ; ))ere 

was nodaunce Gow. III.291 ; daunse [daunce] 

Ch. C. t. a 476 ; daxmoeB {pi.) Alis. 6990. 
danncen [daunsen], v., O.Fr. dancer, danser ; 

dance, Ch. C. t. Ai2Qfi\ daunce Gow. II. 

95; danncen {pres.) Alis. 5213; J)05 fou 

daunce A. p. i. 345 ; daunsid {pret.) Rich. 

185; daunsed Gow. 1026; }>ise damseles 

daunsede Langl. Cxxi. 471. 
danneere, sb., dancer, ^ tripudiator, tri- 

pudiatrix^ PR. p. 114. 
danneeresse, sb., (female) dancer \ daunse- 

resse WiCL. ecclus. ix. 4. 
danncing, sb., dancing, s. & C. II. xxii ; 

dawncinge, idem est quod dawnce PR. P. 114; 

dawnoinge pipe * carola* PR. P. 114, 



dannselen, \., fondle, caress, cajole ; daxmse- 

led {pple.) Langl. A xi. 30. 
daunsen, v., fondle, caress {v. r. daunte), 

WiCL. Is. Levi. 12. 
daunt, sb., check, stoppage : ])e crosses dunt 

'^af him a daunt L. H. R. 145. 

daiinten, v., O.Fr. danter, donter, from Lat. 

domitare ; subdue, tame, Langl. A iii. 268 ; 

daunte WiCL. Mk. v. 4; daxmted {pret.) 

Langl. B xv. 393. 
daunten, v., f fondle ; upon J>e knes men shal 

daunte 50U \^ blandientur vobis^] WiCL. Is. 

Ixvi. 12 ; daunt LiDG. M. P. 35. 
dawe, sh.,= O.H.G. taha; daw, ^monedula* 

CATH. 91 ; comp. oard&we. 
dawlen, see da^ien. dawnnge, see under 

da^ien. day, see dmL 
de-, prefix, imitating words from O.Fr. with 

d^-for des-, dis- ; see debreiden, debr^ken. 
de, sb., O.Fr. d6', die {for playing) ; dee Gow. 

II. 209 ; ddB (//.) ayenb. 45 ; dees Gow. II. 

39; dees [dis] Ch. C. t. C467 ; dise Townl. 

240 ; dise {used as sing.) * alea ' VOC. 202 ; 

dice PR. P. 120 ; diois (pi.) PR. P. 121. 
dead, adj., O.E. dead,= <9./>/j. dad, dath, 

O.L.G. dod, O.N. dau^r, Goth. dauj)s, O. 

H.G. tot; dead, hom. I. 51; A. R. 134; R. 

S. V. ; LiDG. M. P. 35 ; dead, daed LA5. 196, 

2540 ; dead [ded] o. & N. 1619 ; gen. & ex. 

217, 2493; diad, diead ayenb. 12,79; after 

|>at he was daed for us Orm. i i 55 i ; ded Hav. 

634 ; ded [deed] Ch. C. t. -4 148 ; ^ dede se 

gen. & EX. 750 ; })e dede slep the sleep of the 

dead Ch. d. Bl. 127 ; )>e dide slep Fl. & 

Bl. 66 ; )>a brude .deade iweard Laj. 294 ; 

}>as daedan frag. 5 ; deadne (cue. m.) Laj. 

7993 ; deade (pL) Jul. 62 ; hes beo^ deade 

A. R. 310 ; fa deden hom. I. 37 ; deden, dede 

[deade] LA5. 9279, 22873 \ \^ deade A. R. 390 ; 

wi}> J)e dede Perc. 155 ; deadre (gen^ manne 

[*mortuorum*] Mat. xxii. 32; comp, s&m- 

ded. 
dead-lio, adj., O.E. dead-, dea%lic,=0.^. 

G. tod-, totllh; deadly, deathly, mortal, 

HOM. I. 223; deadlich Kath. 1104; A. R. 

206; diadlich MISC. 27; a dedlich mon 

MISC. 46; dea^lic hom. I. 221; deadliche 

senne Shor. 99 ; deadliche ifoan procl. 6 ; 

fine daedliche ivan La^. 8550; deadli 
deedli] WiCL. EsTH. xiii. 2; dedli Gow. 
I. 355; Langl. -ffxiv. 78; dodliohe (cuiv.) 
Marh. 22 ; he zene^e}) diadliche ayenb. 86. 
deadlicnesae, sb., O.E. deadllcness; 
deadliness, A. R. 382. 

d§de-Btoure, sb., death-throe, PR. c. 1820. 
deaden, see deden. 

deaf, adj. & sb., O.E. deaf, = O.Fris. daf, 
O.L.G. dof, O.N daufr, Goth, daubs, O.H.G. 
toub ; deaf, Marh. 20 ; diaf ayenb. i ; daef 
Orm. 9887 ; def Map 335 ; def [deef] Ch. 
C. T. .^ 446 ; deef PR. a 782 ; Lidg. m. p. 



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154 



d3af. 



deau. 



sBg; LiTD, Cov. 254; dSave (//.) Marh. 6; 
dcve HO M. IK 129 ; defe [deve] Langl. -5xix. 
126; (}>e.i deave Kath. 1061. 
def-li, ndv%j fUa/y, TOWNL. lOO. 
defnee, sb., di^afness^ * surditas* VOC. 224. 

dea^, sb,, O.E, dea^, deah ; dye, colour \ dehe 
{dai.) MESC. 193. 

deajen, v., O.E. deagan {pret, deog), deagian 
(MoNE 356); dye\ deie [die] Ch. C. t. 
F725 {\Vr. TECI37); diin ^ttngo* PR. P. 124; 
died [idl^ed] { ppie.) Trev. II. 331. 
deier* [diere], sb., dyer, Ch. C. t. A 362 
(364} ; dihjerea {pL) E. G. 359. 
dleBtere^ sb., dyer^ LEG. 40. 

deah, v., O.E. deah, deag, = O.L,G, dog, 
Gai/i, daug (^vt^^ip€L\ O.H.G, toug {pret- 
ptrs.) ; h ponf^t/tii ; is befitting {oportet) ; deah, 
deh Kath. 1446, 1853; deh Marh. i ; deih 
KDM. 1. 302 ; )et ou me deih A. R. 420; The- 
bald nouht iie deih Man. (H.) 133 ; |>at }>ing 
Jjat Tioht ne da;h Orm. 4872 ; hwile jiine dages 
dugen REL. L 184; deriv, du^en, du^eoe, 
duhti}. 

deakn^, see dlacne. deal, see dSl. 

doale^ intcrj. [S/ratm. regards this as intper, 
of dffileti : others compare O.Fr, deu le set 
(God l'nmm)\ f expressing wonder : lo, deale, 
hvvat he scib A. R. 362 ; 286 ; o, dele, J)is is 
a folc Briton MAN. (H.) 167. 

dear, v., CkE. dearr, dear, = 0.Z.C7. (gi-)dar, 
GoiJu dars, OM.G. (ge-)tar, (pret.-pres!); dare, 
HOM. L 187; dar Marh. i6; Orm. 10659; 

O. & N: mo- H. H, 142; P. S. 324; AYENB. 

32 ; Will. 564 ; Langl. ^xv. 108 ; Mand. 
249 ; SACK. 316 ; der hom. I. 27 ; Laj. 6639 ; 
a. r. 206 ; Shok. 5 ; derst, daerst, darst Laj. 
2057 5, 34779, 247S5 ; derst hom. I. 27 ; Jul. 
47 ; darst Orm. 5615 ; O. & n. 853 ; C. L. 108 1 ; 
hou ftcrstou . . . nemne his name Brd. 27 ; 
durren (p/.) j UL, 43 ; ne durren [dorren] heo 
me abiden La^, 1 5063; durre Alis. 13 14; men 
durne {//or ]?ur\c) selde here orf in hous a 
wmtrc bringc KOB. 43 ; dorren, dorre AYENB. 
22, 7^ \ doren P. s. 325 ; WiCL. GEN. xliv. 26 ; 
dur Mand, 271 ; dur [dore] Ch. C. t,G66i ; 
we ne fjorc abide nojt Bek. 1375 ; diirre 
(sudj\) LA3. 34783 ; O. & N. 1706; dorre Rob. 
112; durren A, r, 128 ; deriv, durren, diir- 

dearc, adj., O.E. deorc ; dark, gr. 26 ; dare, 
dorc Jul. 30, 31 ; derk ^ tenebrosus, obscurus * 
PR. p. 119; Rob. 560; aL.71; Gow. II. 120; 
Mand. 237 ; lud. Cov. 21 ; deorc Lk. xi. 34 ; 
FRAG. 5 ; deork Bek. 1411 ; dorc HOM. 1. 253 ; 
durk TREAT. 134; P.L. S. ii. 43; dirk ANT. 
ARTH. vi ; LlDG. M. P. 144 ; darke nijt P. 57 ; 
dorcke nibt (r. niht) LA5. 7563* ; derker 
(compar.) Langl. .fix. 1 82 ; darkest (super L) 
Marh. 8. 

deork'h§de» sb., obscurity, Halliw. 298 ; 
derkhede leg. 86 ; durchede Brd. 2. 



derk-liohe, adv., O.E. deorclice; darkly, 
Langl. (Wr.) 6363. 

derknesse, sb., darkness, Langl. B xvi. 85 ; 
Ch. Q.t.A 145 1. 

deark, sb., darkness; derk. Will. 1285; 
Alis.'^ (Sk.) 714; bi )>e derke Horn (L.) 
1431- 

derk-fid, adj., O.E. deorcfull; dark ['tene- 
brosus '], WiCL. Lk. xi. 34. 

dearkien, v., ? O.E. (a-)deorcian ; make 
dark; lurk in the dark\ derkin ^obscuro* 
PR. P. 119; derken Ch. Boet. i. 4 (20); i 
durk(e) and dare c. M. 25432; derkede (fret.) 
B. Disa 1379 ; }>e child . . . darked in his den 
Will. 17; derked (pple.) Gow. III. 307; 
derkid WiCL. 3 kings xviii. 45 ; dirkid LiDG. 
M. P. 138 ; idurked Bek. 1414. 

dearknien, v.,=0./f.(7. tarchnen (concecd); 
darken, grow dark ; durcnin HOM. I. 259* ; 
darkne)? (pres.) rel. I. 241 ; dirkins ant. 
Arth. V ; diircninde (pple.) Kath. 2049*. 

deame, see derne. 

deatS, sb., O.E. desL^,^ O.Fris. dath, dad, 
O.L.G. do)), dod, Goth. dauj)us, O.H.G. tod, 
cf. O.N. dau^i ; death, Kath. i 127 ; deaj), dia^ 
Shor. 25, 28; diaj) AYENB. 12; diath MISC. 
27 ; die^ P. L. s. viii. 93 ; dea^, de^, dae^ 
[deaJ), dejj] Laj. 284, 2587, 20677 ; deb [deeth] 
Ch. C. t. a 964 ; daej) Orm. 17450 ; deth, ded 
PR. p. 115 ; dead gen. & ex. 508 ; ded Hav. 
1687; MiRC 247; Iw. 1262; PR. C 815; 
deaSes (gen.) Kath. i 143 ; dea¥es swot A. 
R. no; 3ive^ dea¥es dunt 274; dea]>es (in 
death) o. & N. 1632 ; dea)>es drench deadly 
potion AYENB. 130; de^es dom sentence of 
death HOM. I. 279 ; de}>es wonde Rob. 49 ; 
dej)es wounde Fer. 851 ; di)>es wunde Horn 
(L.)64o; hure de)>es stounde (=Ger. ire todes^ 
stunde), 953 ; dae))es pine Orm. 1381 ; deaSe 
(dat^ HOM. II. 97 ; Crist aras of dea%e HOM. 
I. 91 ; J)a )>e fader wes on dea^e LA5. 318 ; 
efter his dea¥e A. R. 314 ; deaj>e [de))e] o. & N. 
1617 ; dia)>e ayenb. 7 ; di)>e HORN (L.) 58. 
de)7-dai, sb., O.E. dea^seg; death-day, 
Langl. iii. 104. 

d»)7-Bhildi3, adj., O.E. dea^scyldig ; worthy 
of death, Orm. 10436. 

dSSBhildi^neBse, sb., worthiness of death, 
Orm. 10430. 

dea}>-Bi)7, sb., death, La^. 6348*. 
de)?-|?r6we, sb., death-throe, P. L. s. xv. 
192 ; dedthrawe D. Arth. 1150. 
deat^-iivel, sb., fatal sickness, A. R. 314; 
dejjuvel Bek. 221 i ; deethevel Trev. VIII. 9. 

deaUy sb., O.E. deaw, ?=O.Fris. dau (dat. 
da we), O.I/.G.tSLU,tou, OJV.dogg; deTi/: deau, 
diau ayenb. 136, 144 ; daw (ffor deaw) hom. 
I. 233 ; daew Orm. 13865 ; dew gen. & ex. 
3325 ; deu treat. 137 ; Map 347 ; spec. 72 ; 
m. h. 26; })ene deu hom. 1. 159; deuj II. 256; 
dewes (^<m.) gen. & EX. 3327 ; dewesdropes 



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SPEC 114 (a. d. 179); dewe (da/,) treat. 137; 

deowes (jfiL) SPEC 44 ; comp, mil-ddu. 
deu-lappe, sb., cf, Dan, doglaep ; dew-lap^ 

*palear* PR. P. 120; voc 221; ddiilappes 

(pL) Palu iv. 711. 
deu-'water, sb., cf, M,H,G, touwazzer ; dew 

water I rein water o¥er deu water HOM. II. 151. 
deaven, v., 0,E. (a-)deafian, = O.Fm. dava, 

cf, 0,N, deyfa ; from deaf; deafen^ ^row deaf 

make deaf\ deve Gaw. 1286 ; him deaveji 

)» seren frag. 5 ; devid {pple,) lud. Cov. 

348 ; camp, a-deaven. 
deawen, v., 0,E, deawian, cf M,Du. dauwen, 

0,H,G, touwen (touuen), 0,N, d6ggva ; dew, 

bedew: dewin ^roro* PR. P. 120; daewen 

Orm. 13848; deweth {imp,) [* rorate'] WiCL. 

Is. xlv. 8. 
debat, sb., 0,Fr. debat ; debate, strife, Will. 

4380; Langl. .4 V. 181. 
debdte, v., 0,Fr, debatre ; debate, do battle, 

GOW.I.40; debat6}> (pres,) 1. 124; debetande 

(pple.) wib himselfe Gaw. 2178; debated 

(pret,) 67. 
debonaire, adj., 0,Fr, de bon aire; meek, 

gentle : J>et debonere child . . . cussed ))e jerd 

a. R. 186; Rob. 167; fortune was hem de- 

bonaire Gow. I. 22 ; deboneire Ch. Boet. i. 

5 (22) ; a maiden . . . ful debonere A. P. i. 162. 
debonair-li» adv. : up his look debonairli he 

cast Ch. Tro. ii. 1259; Boet. iv. 3 (122); 

here me debonureli Will. 730. 
debonemesse, sb., mildness: for treuthe 

and debonemesse WiCL. PS. xliv. 5. 
debonairetey sb., meekness; debonairiete 

Ch. d. bl. 984 ; C. t. /540 ; ¥uruh his debon- 

erte a. r. 390; debonerte A. p. iii. 418. 
de-breiden, v., tear apart ; debreidinge 

[v. r. to breidinge] (pple,) WiCL. Mk. i. 26 ; 

IX. 25. 

de-brdken, v., cf broken, debrise; break 

asunder; debr^kinge {pple,) WiCL. Mk. i. 26; 

ddbrdken {pple.) WiCL.'Ez. xxxi. 15. 
debrise, v., 0,Fr, debrisier, debruisier; break 

in pieces, WiCL. Ez. xxxiv. 27 ; debrilsede 

{pret,) L. H. r. 40. 
decas, sb., cf oas; decay,, ruin, Gow. I. 

32. 
deceit, sb., deceit, Tkev, II. 391 ; deceite Ch. 

C. T. G 1367. 
deceivable, adj., 0,Fr, decevable ; deceptive, 

Gow. I. 233 ; the juge was made favourable, 

thus was the lawe deceivable I.216; R. R.4836; 

desaivabel and trecherous PR. c 4231. 
deceivance, sb., 0,Fr. decevance ; deception : 

here of a desceivaunce \e\ conseild him to 

do Man. (H.) 133 ; desceivance 195. 
deoeiyaunty adj., deceitful: ne be nought 

deceivaunt Gow. I. 82, 222. 
deceive, v., O.Fr. decevoir ; deceive, Ch. C. 

T. C918 ; deceivi ayenb. 82. | 



deoeivar, sb., deceiver, ^fraudator,' PR. P. 
115. 

deoembre, sb., 0,Fr, decembre; December, 
Rob. 441 ; december Gow. III. 236. 

deoepoioiin, sb., 0,Fr, deception ; deception, 
LiDG. M. P. 76, 260. 

deoes, sb., 0,Fr, deces, from Lat, decessus ; 
decease, Man. (F.) 5352. 

deoimacioun, sb., LcU, decimatio; paying 
tithes, LiDG. M. P. 135. 

deoiple, see disciple. 

declaracioun, sb., Lat, declaratio ; declara- 
tion, Trev. I. 243. 

deolaren, v., 0,Fr, declarer; declare, Ch. C. t. 
.43002; deol&ringe {pple.) Ch. Boet. i. i (5). 

deolin, sb., O.Fr, declln ; decline, decay, P. s. 
154. 

decline, v., 0,Fr, decliner; decline, A. P. i. 
333 ; jif \o\x canst decline J)ilke tweie names 
and speke Latin Trev. 1. 327 ; wij) heed de- 
dinid {pple,) lowe LiDG. in Halliw. 295. 

decoocioun, sb., Fr, decoction ; decoction : 
the coke bi mesour sesonith his potages by 
decoccioune to take their avauntages LiDG. 
M. P. 82. 

decoUacioun, sb., medLat, decollatio; be- 
heading: of the decoUacioun of Saint John 
Trev. V. 49. 

dec6pen, v., 0,Fr, decoper ; cut, slash ; with 
shoon decoped {pple,) R. R. 842. 

decourren, v., 0,Fr, decoire, decourre ; / de- 
part from : of pride the parchemin deooiir- 
reth {pres,) Langl. (W.) 9302 [decorreth 
B xiv. 193]. 

decre, sb., 0,Fr. decrd; decree, Ch. C. t. 
.^4640. 

decrees, sb., 0,Fr, decreis ; decrease, Gow. 
III. 154. 

ded, see d§ad and deaS. 

dede, see dSde. 

deden, v., 0,E, dedan, dydan {kill),^0,H,G, 
toden, Goth, dauj)jan {kill) ; cf 0,H,G, toden 
{die); become dead: J)e olde tre bigan to dede 
S.S. (Wr.) 623 ; deadid [dedid] {pple,) WiCL. 
I KINGS XXV. 37 ; comp, a-deden. 

dederen, see dideren. 

deduit, 0,Fr, deduit; amusement, leg. 6; 
Ch. C. t. .^4 2177; dedut Brd. 2; Will. 
4998; see 6xLt, 

deef, def, see deafl 

defdce, v., deface, Ch. C. T. ^510; de- 
faced {pple,) AYENB. 191. 

defdden, v., fade away ; diffade P. L. s. xxx. 
8 ; es my face defi&dide {pple,) D. Arth. 3305. 

defailed, pple., 0,Fr, defaillir ; grown feeble, 
weak : recreid and defailed ayenb. 33. 

defaute, sb., O.Fr, defaute; default, fault, 

want, Rob. 2 ; ayenb. 73 ; defaut Man. (F.) 
51 13; i hungered and hiad defaute of mete 

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defaute. 



deignous. 



PR. C 6190; defaulteGow, II. 145; defietutes 
{pD A. U. 136 ; defaujtes Trev. I. 9. 

defout-les, adj., w tilt out defect y faultless : 
^Ai any man might ordaine defautles PR. C 

defauten, v., tf It, djfaltare ; want : greetlich 
thci defauten i fires.) WiCL. JUDG. viii. 5 ; 
defkutid© {pel,} Wicl. NUM. xi. 33. 
defauting, %h,,fiulurc. WiCL. WISD. xi. 5. 

defatitif, adj., faulty^ defective^ WiCL. EX. 
vL 13*. 

defende, v., 0,Fr, defendre; defend^ Man. 
(F.) 14636^ defend! ayenb. 157; we de- 
fend©^ {pres^ Rob. 198; defendide {pret,) 
Wicl. judg. xv. i. 

defend our, sb.^ 0,Fn defendeour ; defender ^ 
PR. p. 115; defendor RoB, 198. 

defensable, adj., & sb-t O.Fr, defen sable; 
d^fensibU\ in hillis and moost defensable 
placis Wicl, jurx;j. vi. 2; hii hulde hem 
there defansables (y>/.) to libbe oj)er to 
deie Ron. 549, 

defense, sb., O.Fr, defense; defence y Rob. 

defenBin, v., Lat, defensare ; defend, PR. P. 

US' 
defeneioiin, sb,^ 0,Fr. defension, Lat, de- 
fens io ; prMbition : domes of defensioun 

Wicu ECCLUS. xlviii. 7, 
defensour, sb.^ protector \ yow be my de- 

fensour sac S54. 
deffe^ see da«ffe. 
deffdted^ pp3e., enfeebled \ }>ou languissed 

and art dclfetcd for talent and desiir of J)i 

rajjer fortune Ch. B0£1'. it. i (30) ; defet Tro. 

V. 627, 
defibrmen, v., fashion^ engraven ministra- 

cioiin of deeth deffbrmld {ppie,) by lettris in 

stones WiCL. 2 Cor. iii. 7. 
deS^ee, sb., / prohibilton \ fore gret dule of 

deffbse of dedes of armcs D. Arth. 255. 
deflauncej sb., O.Fr. deffiance; defiance , 

Lido. m. v, 92. 
defle, v., (IFr de-, desfier; defy, Man. (F.) 

S97S ; defied {prct.) Langl. ^xx.65. • 
deflen, v,, digest; be digested, decay, Langl. 

A^, 2ig ; ]je bodi sa] defien Angl. III. 61 ; 

defiin * digero ' PR. P. i J 5 ; to defie )>e mete 

Trev. IV. 441. 
defloren, v., O.Fr. deflourer; deflower: {)e 

which book Robert hiss hop of Hereforde 

daflorede [pret.) [* dtfloravit^] Trev. I. 39 ; 

she hadde be defloured {pple,) Gow. II. 

322. 
defoil, sb., trampling X under hors knightes 

defoile Ak. & Mer. 7999; defoil 9191. 
de-foul^ sb., dirt, filthy Trev. 1. 109 ; defoule 

A. P, iii. 2S9. 
defoule, V.J 0./^ndefouler; tread underfoot-. 



insult, defoul, ROB. 57 ; WiCL. PS. cxxxviii. 

II ; defoUed {pret) Will. 4614; defouled 

{pple,) ayenb. 167. 
defoulinge, sb., trecuUng upon : power of 

defoulinge on serpents WiCL. Lk. x. 19. 
de-foulen^, v., make foul, * inquino, deturpo} 

PR. P. 116; A. P. ii. 1 146; J)ei schullej> . . . 

defoule clerkes and holi places Trev. I. 129; 

defoule Gow. III. 20; )>ere mighte no en vie 

. . . defoule ))e saule Hamp. tr. 38 ; defouled 

(^/^.)Ch. C.T./'i398. 
defoulinge, sb., pollution, * deturpacio, 

mcLCulacio^ PR. P. 116; WiCL. JUD. iv. 10; 

men forsakinge the defoulingea (//.) or 

unclennesses of the world 2 Pet. ii. 20. 
defourme, adj., ill formed : other seven oxen 

in as miche defourme and leene WiCL. GEN. 

xlL 19. 
defrai, sb., O.Fr. defroi ; disorderly living : 

thurch mi sinne and mi defrai ich am comen 

to mi last dai Ar. & Mer. 9695. 
defrauden, v., O.Fr. defrauder; defraud \ 

defraude}> (pres.) Langl. A vii. 71 ; Cx. 64. 
deft, see daft de^, see d»L 
de^en, v., O.N. deyja,= O.Fris. deja, GotA. 

(af-jdaujan, O.L.G. dojan, O.H.G. touwan 

(touuan) ; die, Orm. 8090 ; dejen [dei^en] 

Laj. 283, 31796; deigen gen. & ex. 3127; 

deien A. R. 134; Kath. 958; deien Will. 

3353 ; deiin PR. P. 117 ; deje H. H. 54 ; Gaw. 

996; deije Shor. 124; deie Horn (L.) 

109 ; L. H. R. 22 ; (ms. deye) Hav. 168 ; Rob. 

494 ; s. & c. I. Hi ; deie [die] Ch. C. t. A 1797, 

E 364 ; deghe PR. c. 1939 ; di^e [die] Langl. 

A ii. 187 ; dien a L. 218; die Mand. 201 ; 

M. H. 79 ; d»ide, dejede [deide] (pret.) Laj. 

4280, 7150; deide Kath. iioi ; Langl. ^xi. 

200; dijede JOS. 134; deieden A. R. 301 ; 

dieden Mand. 286; id»ied {pple.) La;. 

3737. 

degree, degiseii) see disguise ^T/f^/disguisen. 
degrdden, v., O.Fr. degrader, iMt. degradare ; 

degrade, Townl. 20; degr&ded {pple.) 

Trev. V. 35 ; Agaminon degrated of his 

degre D. Troy 12574. 
degre, sb., O. Fr. degre, degret ; degree, H. M. 

15; Ch. C. t. a 1891 ; degrez {pi.) A. R. 

288. 
dehy see dda^. dei, see d»i. 
deie, sb., O.N. deigja ; dairy -maid \ {ms. deye) 

PR. p. 116; A. D. 259; Ch. C. t. ^4036; 

{ms. deie) P. S. 327 (P. 15) ; daie REL. I. 129 ; 

(hom. II. 163). 
deien, see dei^en and de^en. 
deierie, sb., dairy, Ch. C. T. A 597 ; deirie 

PR. p. 117. 
deification, sb., O.Fr. deification ; deifyings 

apotheosis : the boke of his deification Gow. 

II. 166; deificacion 158. 
deignous, adj. \Jor desdeinous] ; disdatnfiel^ 

Ch. Tro. i. 289 ; ye have to longe be deignous 



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deignous. 



deme. 



157 



R- R« 353 1 ^Js name was hoote deinous Sime- 
kin Ch. C. t. A 3941. 

deinen, v., O.Fr, deigner, from Lat, dignari ; 
deign', dame}> {pres,) ayenb. 18; deined 
(pret.) Langl. ^vi. 310. 
deinte, sb., 0,Fr. deint^, deintet (cUgmty\ 
tnod,Eng. dainty; dignity y importance, value, 
A.R. 413; WiCL. E. w. 220; clones of gret 
deinte Aus. 7070 ; deintee Langl. B xi. 47 ; 
dainte Gaw. 1250 ; daintethe Townl. 245 ; 
detntes (//.) articles ofvaltie^ dainties^ Bek. 
1202. 

ddnte-ftdl, 2Ay, pleasant, Gow. III. 28. 
dels, sb., OJ^r. deis (table) ; dais, Rob. 349 ; 
Shor. 102 ; Launf. 899 ; Ch. C. t. A 370 ; 
des Will. 4312 ; dees Man. (F.) 9282. 
deite, sb., 0,Fr. deit^; deity, Ch. C. t. F 
1047. 

dekene, see diaone. del, see dSl. 
fp!jdBlai, sb., O.Fr. delai ; delay, ROB. 421; 
;ijj^cv>i^ wi)K)ute delaie Laj. 17480*. 
T^^ \ii\ delaien, v., 0,Fr. delaier; delay, Rob. 156. 
W delaiement, sb., 0,Fr, delaiement; delay, 
Gow. II. 9, 297. 

delaten, v., Lat, dllatare ; stretch outy increase : 
it nedeth nought that i dalfite {subj.) the pris 
Gow. III. 190. 
d^Ie, see dile. 

delectaciuiiy sb., O.Fr, delectation; de- 

lectation, S. A. L. 74. 

deleiiy see dSlen. 

\ delf, sb., 0,E. delf, daelf,=il/.Z.a delf m.\ 

ditchy hole dug in the ground, quarry ; delfe 

(dot.) Townl. 230; delves (pL) [^lapici- 

dinis'] WiCL. 2 PARAL. xxxiv. 11. 

delfen, v., O.E. delfan, = 0,Fris. delva, O.L,G. 

(be-)delban, 0,H,G, (pi-)telpan; delve, dig, 

bury, Lk. xvi. 3 ; delven {ms, deluen) GEN. & 

EX. 2452 ; Langl. B xix. 359 ; delven [delve] 

diches Laj. 9238 ; delvin PR. P. 118 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 145; delve P. l. s. xii. 144; ayenb. 

108 ; Ch. C. t. A 536 ; delve pittis WiCL. 

I gen. xxvi. 25 ; delfe)> {pres,) Orm. 6485 ; 

I delved HOM. I. 49; daJftpret,) GEN. & EX. 

I 2718 ; Rob. 131 ; s. s. (Web.) 2419; Shor. 

I 165 ; dulfen [dolve] LA5. 21998 ; dulven A. R. 

292; dulve Marg. 219; dolven GEN. & EX. 

3189; Langl. A\l 178; dolve [delveden] 

WiCL. PS. xxi. 17; diQve (subj,) A. R. 384 ; 

dolve AYENB. 263; dolven (pple,) Will. 

2630; Mand. 62; R. R. 4070; comp. bi-, 

^, ombe-delven. 

delvere, sb., O.E, delfere; delver, digger, 
Langl. A prol. 102. 

delvinge, sb., digging, ^fossuraj PR. P. 1 18 ; 
Langl. B vi. 250. 

delfln, see dolfin. delful, see under doel. 
deliberen, v., Lat. deliberare ; deliberate, re- 
solve \ for which he gan deliberen for thebeste 
Ch. Tro. iv. 141 ; deUbered {pple.) iv. 183. 



deliberacioiin, sb., O.Fr, deliberation; de- 

liberation : whan i this supplicacion with good 

deliberacioun . . . had after min entente write 

Gow. III. 352 ; deliberacioun LiDG. M. P. 72. 
delioacie, sb., ?ned,Lat, delicacia; delicacy, 

luxury, Gow. I. 14; III. 21. 
delioat, adj., Fr. delicat ; delicate, Ch. C. t. 

^927. 
dellcat-li, adv., luxuriously : ne doth him 

nou^te dine delicatli Langl. ^xiv. 250. 
delioey sb., 0,Fr, d^lice Jrom Lat, delicia ; 

pleasure, WiCL. GEN. ii. 8; Rob. 195 ; p. R.L.P. 

248 ; delicoB (pL) A. R. 368 ; ayenb. 24. 
delicious, adj., 0,Fr. delicieus; delicious; 

Gow. III. 24 ; PR. C. 9291 ; LEG. 204. 
delioiouB-liche, adv., luxuriously : of a 

riche man . . . j>at ladde is liif wel delicious- 

liche LEB. JES. 150. 
delity sb., 0,Fr, dellt; delight, A. R. 102; 

H. M. 3 ; Alis. 2096 ; Ch. C. t. A 335. 
delitable, adj., 0,Fr, delitable; delectable, 

Brd. 2 ; WiCL. GEN. iii. 6 ; Ch. Boet. ii. i ; 

PR. c. 5239; places delitables (//.) Ch. C. 

T. 7^899. 
deliten, v., 0,Fr, deliter ; delight, a. r. 52 ; 

delited {pret,) PR. C. 8336. 
delitinge, sb., pleasure ; delitingus [later 

ver. delitingis] (//.) in thi rijtt bond WiCL. 

PS. XV. 10. 
deliverance, sb., 0,Fr, delivrance; deliver- 
ance, PR. C 3585 ; deliveraunce Trev. II. 291. 
delivre, adj., O.Fr, delivre; lively, active, 

p. L. s. xvii. 250 ; delivere Ch. C. t. -^ 84 ; 

deliver Will. 3556; deliver delivered of a 

child Pl, p. ii. 1084; M. H. 168. 
deUver-liohe, 2A\,, promptly. Will. 1245 5 

Ch. Tro. ii. 1086 ; deliverli he dressed up 

Gaw. 2009 ; deliverli R. R. 2283. 
delivemes, sb., suppleness : delivemes and 

bewte of bodi PR. c. 5900. 
delivren, v., 0,Fr. delivrer; deliver, p. s. 

216 ; delivere Rob. 93 ; Mand. 2 ; delivere, 

dilivere C. L. 1 124; delivrede (piret.) A. R. 

234. 
delle, sb., = M.Du, delle ; dell, valley, rel. 

II. 7 ; dellun (dat,pl,) ANT. Arth. iv. 
deluge, sb., 0,Fr, deluge, from Lat, diluvium; 

deluge, flood, LiDG. M. P. 251. 
delven, see delfen. 
demaien, see desmaien. 
demaine, sb., 0,Fr, demain ; domain, de^ 

mesne, possession, Gow. III. 349; demeigne 

[demelne] Ch. C. t. B 3855. 
demande, sb., 0,Fr, demande; demand, Rob. 

500; Bek. 817; Ch. C. t. 6^430. 
deme, sb., 0,E, dema.,= O.I/,G, tuomo; Judge, 

Mat. v. 25 ; La^. 363 ; Orm. 650 ; o. & n. 

1783; deman, demen (dat,) Mat. v. 2C, 

xxvii. 2 ; demen P. L. S. vii. 48 ; demen (pi.) 

Mat. xii. 27 ; demen {dat.pL) Lk. xxi. 12. 

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158 



domeaiL, 



ddofel. 



dexaoODf sb,, defmanour : somewhat strange 

and sad of her demean e she is CT. L. 734. 
demeine, sb., O.Fr^ demeincj from Lot. 

dominium; dominhm^ Ch. C. t* -ff 3855. 
domen, v., O.E. deman, ^ O.Fris, dema, 

OM. dcema, Goih. dOmjan, OM.G, tuoman ; 

Jnmi dom; mod.En^, deem ; judge ^ condemn; 

ihhtk\ suppose, ORM. 652; M AND. 41; ))et 

tu scbalt demcn fi suh^cn wod A. R. 120; 

and demen {condeiun) me to dea^ JUL. 24; 

Mat. vii. i ; deman liOM. I. 95 ; deme O. & 

N. 188; WiCL. GFN. XV. 14 ; LlDG. M. P. 12; 

mi fader of heven has me doun sent to deme 

ioure dedea MIR, PL. 1 88; to demene HOM. I. 

45* demetS {prcsA HOVL L 105 ; he dema^ 

sti^ue dom 95; dem {imper.) A. R. 12; 

demde {preL) FRAG. S; La;. 4936; A. R. 

306; Shor. ^ ; demdcn KatH. 330; Hav. 

2820; demed (///^'.) M. H, 7; PR. C. 1995; 

cotnp. for-, je-demen. 
demend, sb., iXE, dcmend; judge \ ^.o- 

mGnd^migcn,) HOM. IL 171. 
demere, sh., HE. demere ; judge^ HOM. I. 

279; AVENE, 12 ; dem;ire A. R. 286. 
demestar [dsmpater], sb., t/. modEng, 

deemster {m the Isle 0/ Man) ; pdge, C, M. 

7005. 
deminge, sb,, judgiirenf^ ^judiciumy PR. P. 

nS; in valse deminges (/A) AYENB. 27; 

MAN. jH.j 86. 
dem^Bon, v. O.Fr. demener ; behave ^ man- 

agn: : to demene well his shaft RiCH. 455 ; 

demene Govv. L 196 ; William whiles . . . de- 

m^ned (prct) hem dou^tih Will. 1222. 
ddiueoreiif v., O.Fr. dcmorer, -murer, 

-meureFj modJing, demur; tarry ^ linger-. 

demoore {imp^ ^e fe lengre A. R. 242 ; see 

demure, 
demer, see dwimer, d&m6r6, see demure, 
demmail, V,, ? O.E. (for-)demnian, = 0./>7j. 

demma» Goth, ({aur-)damjan {dam^ stop 

up)\ f meet ivith a check, come to its boundary : 

a mannei dom mi^t drijU demme, er minde 

mo^t make in hit mesure A. P. i. 223; 

uche a dale so depe Jjat demmed (f pret) 

at fje brinkez iL 384. 
demoniak^ adj. ^ sb., Lat. daemoniacus ; 

possessed by a dtini : i hold hinfi . . . demoniak 

Ch. C. t. /i224o; he nas no fool ne no de- 
moniak 7874, 
demonsta^'acioii, sh,,Lat. d^monstracio ; proof, 

Govv. H. 368 ; demonatratioaa (pi.) III. 46. 

demon stratif, adj.^ F^r. ddmonstratif, from 
Lat, dcmonstrattvus ; irrefragabiey incontest- 
able^ Cm. C T- 0-^^%. 

damoiiBtraimce, sh., 0,Fr. demonstraunce ; 
show, Lydg, M. P. 60. 

demplen, v., wrangle^ dispute', no more of 

{is to demplcj lak JJat Jiat ^c first ches Man. 
HO 196. 



demdpe, sb., OJ^r. demoere, -meure ; demur^ 
delay, Fl. & Bl. 591 ; demere (H.) loii. 

den, sb., O.iE^.denn {cubile),=M.Z>u.den,deDXie 
(area, antrum), M.L.G. denne, danne, OJ^.G, 
tenni n, (area) ; den, cave, * specus,* PR. P. 1 18 ; 
MISC. 152 ; bet den GR. 24 ; denne ^spelunca* 
voc 241 ; WiCL. John xi. 38 ; denne (dot,) 
FRAG. 8 ; Laj. 22028 ; ALis. 5400 ; Will. 
20; AV. Arth. vi. 

den, sb., O.Fr, dean, deien, LcU, decanus; 
dean, P. s. 332 ; deen E. G. 64 ; dSnes (pL) 
Langl. ^ii. 150. 

denaien, see deniin. 

d^ne, sb., O.E, dene m., denu / ; cf M.Du. 
dan m. ; valley, * vallis^ frag. 3 ; * convallem * 
PS. lix. 8* ; A. p. i. 295 ; dane [* va/lis '] Lk. 
iii. 5 ; ))e dene of tieares ayenb. 160; d4nes 
(pi.) 59. 

Dene, sb. pL, O.E, Dene; Danes: Dene 
(gen.pl.) lawe MISC. 146. 
dane-geld, sb., Dane-tribute, Man. (H.) 
no. 

Dene-marke [Denemarohe], pr. n., 0,E, 
Dena mearc ; Denmark, Laj. 4563 ; Dene- 
mark, Denemarch ROB. 3. 

dene, denien, see dune, dunien. 

denerie, sh., from den; deanery, PR. P. 118. 

deniin, v., O.Fr, denier; deny, PR. P. 118; 
denie WiCL. Mat. xxvi 34; deni Townl. 
182; denaie Gaw. 1497; deniede (pret.) 
WiCL. GEN. xviii. 15 ; D. Troy 8009; denoted 
(pple.) Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (ZZ). 

denne, see dene. 

dennien, v., shelter as in a cave or den, lodge : 
wu he dennede (pret.) him in^atdefte maiden 
REL. 1. 209 (misc. 2) ; |>u was . . . dennet (pple,) 
in a beastes cribbe HOM. I. 277. 

denoumbren, v., Fr, denombrer; count out; 
tell [^ dinumerare'l, WiCL. PS. boodx. il. 

denounce, v., O.Fr. denoncer, from Lot, de- 
nunciare ; command, WiCL. 2 Thess. iii. 6. 

Dense, adj., O.E. Denisc ; Danish ; Denaoe 
(pi.) Laj. 12854; Denshe Hav. 2575. 

dent, see diint. 

denten, v., Lat. dentare; indent; cf. O.Fr, 
endenter; Hndento^ PR. P. 118; dent (for 
dented) (pple:) GOL. & Gaw. vi. (65). 
dentinge, sb., morticing \ twei dentin^fi* 
(pi) schulen be in the sides of a table WiCL. 
ex. xxvi. 17*. 

deofel, sb., O.E. deofol, m. n., Lat. diabolus ; 
devil, HOM. I. 21 ; Orm. 671 ; deovel a. r. 
208 ; deovel [deavel] LA3. 17669 ; dievel 
AYENB. 15; devel Hav. 446; Will. 1976; 
divel REL. I. 209 (misc. 2) ; diofles (^en!) 
P. L. s. viii. 98 ; deovles, deoveles H. M. 17, 
41 ; ddofle (dat) A. R. 84; dievle Misc. 28; 
deofles (pi.) P. L. s. viii. 49 ; deofle Mat. uc. 
34; HOM. I. 27; Misc 152; deovlen Jul. 22; 
dievlen ayenb. 86 ; develen Rob. 506 ; dSo- 



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ddofeL 



depart. 



159 



flene {gen. pL) Jul. 38 ; deovlene o. & N. 
932 ; dSoflaii,d(e)ovelen (dat.pL) hom. 1. 73, 
103. 

d§ofial-;ild^ sb. {ms. -jyld), O.E. deofolgild, 
= O.L,G, diobolgeld ; tribute to the devil^ 
HOM. I. 227. 

deofel-lio, adj., 0,E. deofolllc ; devilish : |>a 
deoflicke ^Itsonge hom. I. 105. 
deofel-sohin, sb., devilish magic \ ddofel- 
■hine {dot.) Orm. 81 10. 
devel-hed, sb., nature of the devil \ no devel- 
hede i ne habbe in me leb. Jes. 499. 
dgTelnesse, sb. demon : alle goddes of genge 
develnesses (//.) ^dcemonia^\ ere )>a PS. 
xcv. 5. 

deol, see doeL 

deop, adj., O.E, deop, diop,= 0,Fris. diap, 
OX.G. diop, diap, 0,N. diupr, Goth, diups,- 
O.II.G. tiuf; de/^p, A. R. 224; Mark. 15; 
deop [deap] Laj. 647 ; deop, deep Langl. A 
PROL. 15; diep AYENa 264; dep Orm. 
16697 ; Map 335 ; so dep o}> Rob. 233 ; dup 
Fer. 1687 ; hu deope is ))e eor^ A. R. 232 ; 
be deope dijhelnesse Orm. 5501 ; a dupe dich 
BRD. 27 ; dooppere (dot,/.) frag. 8 ; deope 
(//.) spec. 62; deepen ( dot, pi.) LA5. 21776; 
deoppre (compar.) Hom. 1. 49 ; seoven voten 
deopere [deoppere] Laj. 15895 ; deoppere 
[depper] Langl. Ax. 182 ; depper Ch. C. t. 
G2S0; deppest (superl.) Trev. I. 45. 
deope, adv., deeply^ H. M. 33 ; deope leared 
Kath. 388 ; deope in his flesch hi wode Bek. 
2232 ; depe laered Orm. 7207 ; fat je ne falle 
to depe Shor. 104. 

deop-liche» adv., O.K. deopllce; deeply^ a.r. 
154; swor swi^ deopliche Jul. 13; deplike 
Hav. 1417. 

deopnesse, O.E. deopness ; deepness^ hom. 
1.49; diepnesseAYENB.2ii; depnisse Kath. 
980; depnesse D. Arth. 746; dupnesae 
(db/.) leechd. III. 84. 

deope, sb., O.E. dyp, dype, cf. Goth, diupei, 
O.H.G. tiufi ; deep^ P. L. s. xv. 84 ; depe Ch. 
C. T. A 455 ; on deopan [* in altum^\ Lk. v. 4 ; 
ine |>e depe Shor. 146. 

deopien, v., cf. Goth, (ga-)diupjan ; deepen^ 
penetrate deeply, deopeo (^«.) into ))e soule 
A. R. 288 ; ]>a fe die wes . • . allunge ideoped 
(pi) LA5. 15473. 

deop, sb., O.E. deor, dior,=0./>7j. diar, 
OX,G. dier, O.N. diur, dyr, Goth, dius, 
O.H.G. tior, tier, mod.Eng. deer ; beast; deer\ 
|>at deor Laj. 6495; deor, der Orm. 1177, 
1312; derREL. I.215; dur MISC. 199; deores 
(gen) A. R. 196; deore (dat.) HOM. II. 37; 
deep (//.) HOM. I. 43; II. 35 ; Laj. 1125; 
Mark. 10; libbe}> al so wilde deor [dor] 
0. & N. 1012 ; duer CHR. E. 30 ; der GEN. & 
EX. 178; d§oren [deore] (gen.pl.) LA5. 20852; 
dfiopan (dat.pl.) hom. I. 115 ; deoren Mk, i. 
13; deoren Laj. 1x28.; dere Gaw. 1322. 



deor-oen» sb., O.E, deorcynn ; race of beast s^ 
hom. I. 221. 

der-fedd, sb., enclosure for deer^ Sax. chr. 
249. 

deor-firltJ, sb., O.E. deorfri^ ; deer forest^ 
Laj. 1436. 

deor, adj. & adv., O.E. deor {heavy, i^z^iret 
Grein) ; grievous, grievously: nou fele we 
it dere PR. c. 1469 ; dere {pi.) Gaw. 564 : sor- 
wes dere GEN. & ex. 3742 ; ddrure (compar.) 
Kath. 948. 

deoro, see dearo. 

deore, adj., O.E. deore, diore, dyre,= 0./^r/j. 
diore, diure, O.L.G. diuri, O.N. dyrr, OJLG^ 
tiuri ; dear, precious, noble, beloved^ A. R. 
408 ; deore, dure La^. 143, 2963 ; deorci 
dere Orm. 2206, 2356 ; {ms. dyere) Lk. vij. 2 ; 
J)ane diere time ayenb. 36 ; deerc, dere 
Ch. C. t. a 2453 ; dere Mand. 252 ; i\ 7K ; 
of dere pris GEN. & ex. 2247 ; what hini dere 
}>ou5t Will. 1268; |>e cuntre was dere Jos^ 
37; a dere dai Gaw. 92; Arthur |>e tkre 
Perc. J08; of dujti men and of dere AV* 
Arth. 1 ; dure frend Fer. 282 ; duere rel* 
I. no; deorre (compar.) A. R. 392; derre 
Orm. 1 8221 ; his deoreate (superl.) mon 
8975 ; of derrest pris Langl. ^ii. 13. 
deore» adv., dearly, A. R. 392 ; deore abo^t 
Bek. 112; diere Angl. I. 15; dere May. 
1637; Rich. 5312; deere Lidg. m. p. 217; 
dere, duere H. H. 59 ; duere P. S. 214 ; deorre 
(compar) A. R. 190; derrer ayenb. 36: heo 
him hadde deorest ibo^t {superl) H. M. tj ; 
P. L. S. xiii. 136; durest Laj. 3081. 
deor-liche» adv., O.E. deorlTc ; dearly, Laj. 
31752; Jul. 76; drinke to him deorJi spec. 
Ill ; derli Will. 142 i ; deorluker {compar.) 
LA5. 30060. 

dereneese, sb., deamess, S. S. (Web.) 3144* 
deor-wurSe, adj., O.E. deorwyr^ ; predous, 
FRAG. 6; deorewui^e Jul. 10; deore wurlw 
Orm. 6689 ; durewur6e LA5. 16686; der^v ur]je 
AV. Arth. xxii; derewer|)e Fl. & Bl, 2ii9j 
derworj)e c. L. 27 ; Will. 1538. 

deorewurS-liohe, adv., preciously^ H. M. 
II ; durewur^liche Laj. 15 151. 

deorOy sb., cf. O.H.G. tiuri ; deamess ; dere 
Hav. 824: Rob. 416; Man. (F,) 16419. 

Deorebi, pr. n., O.E. Deora by ; Derby ^ Misa 
146 ; Derbi Rob. 3, 

deork, see dearo. 

deorling, sb., O.E. deorling, dyrling, = aiV: 
dyrlingr ; from deore ; darling, Laj. 6316 ; a^ 
R. 56; deriing Orm. 9219 ; Will, 153S ; pr. 
c. 8791 ; lud. Gov. 53; durling rel. I, 170 
(misc. 102) ; Brd. 3. 

deome, see deme. 

deovely see d§ofeL dep, see dgop. 

depart, v., O.Fr. despartir, from Lot. dis- 
partire; mod.Eng. depart ; divide^ distribute^ 



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i6o 



depart. 



deme. 



separate {trans, andinirans,); depart jVJ ILL, 
2534; depiirti TREAT. 140; be Rede see 
, . . departeji [pres,) )>e southside of Inde 
from Ethiopia Trev. I. 63; departede 
ipYt.) Bek. 4S3; Rob. 424; departed 
ifiPk.) PR. c. 371a 

departable, adj., separable^ distinct: the 
Trill ite, thre pcrsones in parcelles deportable 
fra other Lanul. Bxwu, 26. 

depointen, w^ depict y paint \ depeinted 
{ppie.) c. L. 704 J Will. 3217. 

depan, v.. 0,E. d§pan, = (?./77j. depa, 0,L,G, 
dopean, G(}(h. daupjan, O.H.G, toufen; bap- 
ti:se \ depe Sima. II ; AYENB. 107. 

depict, p pie., irfAdepictus; depicted, painted : 
a liknessc depict upon a wal LiDG. M. P. 177. 

depose, v., (XFr, deposer ; depose, put down, 
Langl. y^xv. 514. 

depoet, sb., 0,Fr, depost ; deposit, WiCL. i 
Tim* vi. 20. 

Deppeford, pr. n.,Deptford, Ch. C. t. A 3906. 

depraven, v.j 0,Fr, depraver; depreciate, 
dt'fame: deprave Langl. ^ iii. 178; de- 
prdvedtsn (prct.pL) WiCL. PROV. i. 30. • 

depreaen, v., cf, Lat, depressus from de- 
prim ere ; depress ^ vanquish : fou con ... fro 
(lat mariag al o)?er depres A. P. i. 777 ; J)at 
prince of pris depresed (pret.) him so ^ikke 
Gaw. 1770 ; depreced prouinces 5. 

depresen^ v,, ? 0,Fr. despresser ; release : 
wolde ^e . . . desprece jour prisoun Gaw. 12 18. 

depresBiouiip sb., O.Fr. ^€pr^ss\on, from Lat, 
depressio; depression, Ch. ASTR. ii. 28(34). 

deprivej v., O.Fr, deprtver; deprive, A. P. ii. 

dep^e, %\},^from deep ; cf, 0,N, dypt, M,Du, 
diepte \ depth: derknessis weren on the face of 
d^pthe {dat.) WiCL. GEN. i. 2; thei de- 
scend! den into the depthe as a stoon EX. xv. 
5 \ dfipthlQ (//.) of watris PS. cxlviii. 7. 

dsputation, sb., Fr, deputation ; deputation : 
he shall . . . ordeigne his deputation of suche 
juges as ben lerned GOW. III. 178. 

deputen, v., iMt, deputare ; ascribe : al what 
evcrc to be depute (pple,) to the grace of 
God WiCL. Rom. prol. 

der, see dear, der, see deer. 

derai, sb,, 0,Fr, desroi ; disorder, tumult, 
ALIS. 1177 ; derai B. DISC 386; ANT. ARTH. 
xl ; disrai Alis. 4353 ; drai MiN. viii. 34. 

deraien, v.^ O.Fr, deraier; throw into dis- 
order: he derated (pret,) him as a devel 
Will. 2061 ; draied 12 10. 

deraine, sb., O.Fr, deraine, deresn^ ; claim : 
this dereine by the barouns is imad Alis. 7353. 

deraine, v,, O.Fr, derainier, -raisnier; defend 
one^s cause, vindicate a claim, Alis.^ (Sk.) 
124; dereini ROB. 285 ; dreinen a L. 974. 

d^re, sb., 0,E, dam, = M,Du. dare, 'jdere, 



M,L,G, dere, 0,H,G, tara; injury, harm, 
GEN. & EX. 3214; Fer. 4613; "Iw. 2577; 
Rich. 1696; e. T. 642; Egl. 513 ; Townl, 
28 ; J)is hete gret dere me do)> LEG. 5. 

dere, see deore. 

derf, adj., 0,E, dearf, 0,N, diarfr, (7.Z.6^.dervi ; 

from derven ; firm, hard, heavy ; vcUiant ; 
Marh. 5 ; Orm. 16780 ; Gaw. 1492 ; a. p. ii. 
862 ; for f i derfe dede AV. Arth. liv; derfe (//.) 
Townl. 317 ; derfe dintes Alex. 2091 ; des- 
tines derf(e) & dere Gaw. 564; derve (ms, 
derue) MISC. 9 {printed deme REL. I. 215); 
derfre, dervre (compar,) Jul. 16, 17 ; H. M. 
21 ; derveste (superL) Kath. 565 ; derf(e) 
(adv,) M. H. 23 ; comp, un-derfl 
derf-lio, adj., cf 0,N. diarfligr ; hard, brave ; 
|>i derfli dede c. M. 11 43; derfliche {adv!) 
ipined A. R. 114; deorflike Orm. 9752; derf- 
like REL. I. 218; derfli ant. Arth. xxiv; A. 
p. iii. 109 ; derffli D. Troy 1339. 
derfiaes, sb., cf 0,E, gedeorfnyss ; severity, 
gravity, c. M. 3996 ; dervenesse hom. I. 21. 
derf-Bchipe, sb., obstinacy, Kath. 978. 

derf, sb., cf 0,E, gedeorf ; tribulation, afflic" 
tion : nas na man . . . )>at durste him derf 
makien Laj. 10943 ; vor te drien derf ine godes 
servise a. R. 80; ))e derf of dea^ Kath. 
2426. 

der(f)-ftQ, adj., strict, severe, A. R. 348. 
der£Ril-liche,adv.,/<w'«^«/^,KATH. 109a 

d^rieii) v., 0,E, derian,= 0,L,G, derian, 0, 
Fris, dera, M,Du, deren, daren, 0,H,G, terian^ 
terran ; from d6re ; injure, hurt, P. L. S. viii. 
168 ; derian, derien hom. I. 13 ; derie Horn 
(L.) 786 ; AYENB. 126 ; derie Misa 76 ; Shor. 
28 ; Alis. 3657 ; deren hom. II. 73 ; REL. I. 
212; Langl. ^vii. 50; dere Hay. 488; 
Mand. 13; Ch. C.T.-4i822; PS. bcxxviii. 23 ; 
PR.a229o; MiN.i.52; PERC.1171; av.Arth. 
iii ; d^reS (pres.) Misc 14 ; )>as twa |>ing 
deria'6 oft )>an alden hom. 1. 109; derie)> Marg. 
226 : d^rede (p^et.) Laj. 9657 ; gen. & EX, 
242; deredest FRAG. 7. 
d^ringe, sb,, 0,E, dffrung ; injury, ' nocu- 
mentum,' PR. P. 119. 

derk, see dearo. 

deme, adj., 0,E, deme, dyrae, dieme, = 0. 
L,G. demi, 0,H,G, tarni; dark, secret, hidden j 
retired, Marh. 8; Rob. 289; c i^ 1030; 
Will, 860; Langl. ^ii. 175; Gaw. 1012; 
M. H. 166 ; ^03 he be deme hunte misc. 2 ; 
deme love Ch. C. t. A 3278 ; bi a deme sti 
I SUM. 40 ; godes deme runes A. R. 96 ; deme 
stedes AYENB. 143 ; deme, deome LA5. 304, 
13604,13624; deameKATH. 574; dasmeORM. 
2004; dumeBEK. 23; 6<&mQ(adv,) SPEC. 23; 
A. P. ii. 697; luvie deme O. & N. 1357; dieme 
HiCKES 1. 222 (Angl. 1. 1 i) ; derne (sb,) o, & 
N. 608 ; in deme [*m abscondito'] PS. ix. 29; 
AV. Arth. Iii ; let us halde us in deme Degr. 
607; comp,VLardem.e, 



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dome. 



desirous. 



161 



dome-lidhe, adv^ secretly ^ A. R. 146 ; O. & 
N. 1423 ; M. T. 103 ; derneliche [deorneliche] 
LA5. 4392 ; deamdiche Kath. 407 ; dume- 
liche Bek. 27 ; demelike Misc 14 ; demelike 
and stille an. lit. 5 ; daemelike, -li^ Orm. 
6914, 7370 ; demli Townl. 141 ; demeluker 
(^<^/ar.) A.R. 128. 

deame-8ohipe» sb.» privity^ A. R. 152*; 
darnscipe {ffor daem-) La> 258. 
darnel, see dameL 

demen, v., 0,E, deman, dyrnan,«= ^.Z.CP. der- 
nian, demean,OJ/.(z. taman ; conceal', dernen, 
daernen, deome, LA5. 6660, 18549 ; derni 
Shor. 79 ; damden {preL) Laj. 7694 ; comp, 
bt-deman. 

demer, sb., door-kead^ demer [demere] C m. 
6075 ; dirner 6103. 
dersteii) see dreste. 

Dertemu'Se, pr. n., Dartmouth^ Laj. 1786; 
Dcrtemoujie Ch. C. T. A 389. 
d§r)>e, see di6]4>e. 

denren,v.,0.iE^.deorfan (labour\^ 0X,G,{{2lT') 
dervan, O.Frts. (for-)derva, O.N, (for-)diarfa ; 
grieve, afflict^ injure^ A. R. 382; C L. 676; 
to derven mine soule Hickes I. 227 ; derve 
Jos. 47 ; dervetJ {pres,) Kath. 1684 ; darve 
XstUtj.) Marh. 12 ; deride (/r^.) Laj. 8731 ; 

comp, ^e-derven ; deriv, d&it, 
dervenesse, see derfhes under der£ 
deSfSeedeiB. 

desaiyabel, see deoeivable. 
deeali, see under dosL 
deiaraieiiy v., 0,Fr, desarroycr; fall into 

disorder; desaraied (pret,) Trev. VII. 243. 
desblamen, v., OJ^r, desblamer; free from 

blame, exonerate \ deblftmeth {imper,) Cu. 

Tro. ii. 17. 

desoeiyatmcey see deoeivanoe. 
desoendeii) v., OJ^r, descendre; descend: 

descend Man. (H.) 134; de8cende)> (pres,) 

ayenb. 123; Gow. II. ?8o ; deeoendid (pret,) 

LiDG. M. p. 79. 
desoensioan, sb., OJ^r. descension; de- 

scent, Ch. astr. ii. 4 (32) ; discencioan ii. 4 

(33). 
desoensoriey sb., apparatus for extracting 

oil\ desoensories (//.) Ch. C. t. (J 792. 
desoent, sb., O.Fr. descente ; descent, lineage, 

Gow. III. 207 ; dissent LiDG. M. P. 2. 
deflchargen, disohargen, v., 0,Fr, deschar- 

ger; discharge; dischargen Langl. ^xv. $28 ; 

deschargen Cxviii. 231; dischargen Mand. 

302 ; discharge WiCL. J as. v. 15. 
de-sdandre, sb., OJF'r, esclandre, from Lat, 

scandalum; disgrace, Bek. 2061 ; disclaundre 

Ch. Tro. iv. 537. 
de-sclandren, v., for solandren ; disgrace, 

slander : thu desolandreBt (pres,) thin owe 

loverd Bek. 2050 ; disolaundrid (pret,) Ch. 



C. T. 7623 ; for disobedience diBolaundrid 
(pple,) is perpetualli mi name LiDG. M. P. 143. 

desooloureii) v., 0>Fr, descoulourer ; dis- 
colour; descoloured (pple,) Gow. III. 339. 

descrieii) v., (?./>. descrier; describe,^ describoj 
PR. P. 120 ; descrie Egl. i 177 ; discrighe Alis, 
137 ; discri Townl. 203 ; discrieth mas. 
323 ; dlBoried [descried] (pple^ Triam. 781. 

desoripoioiiiiy sb., 0,Fr. description ; descrip- 
tion, Trev. I. 29 ; Wicl. s. w. I. 316 ; de- 
scription Gow. III. 144. 

desoriyeii) v., 0,Fr, descrivre; describe, draw^ 
Ch. Tro. v. 1314 ; descrive Will. 5005 ; Gow. 
I. 264 ; descnfe PR. C 2304 ; discrive OCTOV. 
fW.) 629 ; diskrive Ch. d. Bl. 915 ; de8oriye|> 
(pres,) AYENB. 168 ; disoriyen (pL) Langl. 
£ xvi. 53 ; desorived (pret,) Will. 3041 ; 
discri vecie WiCL. NUM. xxxiii. 2 ; desordyed 
[descrived] (pple,) Trev. I. 171 ; discrived 
Wicl. Lk. iL i ; discrived [descrived] WiCL. 
NUM. xi. 26. 

desoriying, sb., describing, Rob. 60; dis- 
criving WiCL. Lk. ii. 2. 

desouren, descuyeren, see disooyeren. 

deseriten, see dlsheriten. 

deserty sb., OJ^r, desert; desert, wilderness^ 
GEN. & EX. 1227 ; AYENB. 240 ; deseert WiCL. 
NUM. xiii. I ; desart Mand. 42 ; dezert ayenb. 
131 ; disert Mand. 42 ; diserd GEN. & EX. 973; 
desertes (pi,) Mand. 63. 

desert *, sb., 0,Fr, desert ; desert, merit, PR. P. 
120 ; WiCL. Job xxi. 4 ; desserte A. P. i. 594 ; 
dissert A. P. lii. 12 ; deserte (dctt,) Rob. 253. 

defleryeii,v.,(9./^r.deservir; deserve: deservin 
^mereor* PR. P. 120; diserve Gow. 1.66; des- 
serve Ch. Tro. v. 273 ; disserve Trev. V. 213 ; 
deserye (pres,) Langl. B xiv. Z6 ; disseryed 
(pret.) A. P. ii. 613 ; deseryeden (//.) Misa 
225 ; deserved (pple.) Gow. 1. 29 ; disserved 
Gaw. 452 ; deservet misc. 225 ; deservid 
Degr. 1131 ; is disservid (well pleased) WiCL. 
Heb. xiii. 16. 
deserving, sb., deserving, I pom. 452. 

desese, see disese. desi, see dibii. 

desirable, adj., 0,Fr. desirable, from Lat. 
desiderabilis ; desirable, WiCL. PS. xviii. 10. 

de^re, sb., 0,Fr. desier ; desire, Gow. I. 65 ; 
desir Ch. C. t. Gt^\\ desires (//.) Lidg. 
M. P. 187, 221. 
desire-ftil, adj., desirous, WiCL. Dan. x. 3. 

desiren, v., 0,Fr, desirer; desire, PR. a 8031 ; 
desiri AYENB. 244 ; desiri (pres,) Rob. 309 ; 
desires A. P. ii. 545 ; desire|> (pi.) Trev. L, 
137 ; desiren Langl. B ix. 104 ; desire (imp,) 
Lidg. m. p. 187 ; desirede (pret,) Bek. 225 ; 
desirid Lidg. m. p. 109 ; desired (pple.) Rob. 

253. 

desiringe, sb., desiring, I POM. 204. 
desirotis, adj., Gow. I. 244 ; desirus Ch. C. 
T. A 1674. 



M 



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i6% 



da-Bkateren. 



destmien. 



d6-8kateren, v. ; scatter about \ deskatered 

deska, sb., f Du, disch (table) \ see disoh; 

dtsk, pulpit, 'piuteumy' PR. P. 120; ^ Icctri- 

num ' 299 ; W. ^ L 39. 
deslaien.v-^ if. delaien; hinder \ dealaied 

{pptc.) Gow. U. 60, 115. 
desolacioun, sb,> 0,Fr, desolation; solitude, 

Wicu Ez. xii, 19* ; LiDG. M. P. 114. 
deaolftt, adj., dt'solate, lonely y Ch. Tro. v. 

540 ; dcsolaie Gow. 1. 248 ; dissolate Trev. 

llLiSl. 
desolate n, v. .make desolate \ desolatid {ppie.) 

WiCL. Kz. xii, 19, 
des-ordeinen, v,, deprive of clerical orders : 

if a clerk hadtk misdo . . . that me scholde 

him anon desordeinen Bek. 721 ; desordeini 

Rob* 473. 
despeir, sb.^ ^ deiespeir ; despair, Mand. 93; 

in des[;eire Gow. 111. 217 ; dispair Langl. £ 

XX, 163 ; in dispaire PR. C. 6293. 
deapeirable, ad>, hopeless) [^desperabilis*] 

WlCL. JEK. jtv. 18. 
despeirea, v., 0,Fr, desperer; despair \ 

despeire Gow, L 272; despeired [pret.) 

WiCL. s. w. 111. t35; G0W.I.318; Ch.Tro. 

V. 713; despaired AYENB. 34; dispeired 

ipple.) Gow. L 2iJi ; Lidg. m. p. 76. 
dOBperacion, sb., Lat. desperatio; despera- 
tion^ Langl. Cxx. 289 ; disperacion MISC 215. 
desperifichen, see disperesohen. 
deaperaDCe^ sb,^ 0,Fr, desperance; despair \ 

desperaunce Ch, C. T. /421 {Pet. ms.) ; GoW. 

II, 119; A, R* S* 
d@8perat6f sec diaasperat. 
despera, see die pars, 
despieabil, adj.^ despicable, Hamp. ps. xlviii. 

19. 
despisen.^ v,, cf O.Fr, despire,y^^/« Lat. de- 

spicere ; despisr ; despisin PR. P. 120 ; despise 

HAS. 326 ; despite PR. C 9426 ; despise PR. C. 

4252; LiDG. M, P. 118; despisest (pres.) 

Koii. 31; despiseth Langl. ^xv. 54; de- 

Bpise (pL) Gow. 1. 87; dispisen Mand. 

295 J dispise Langl. 10682 (W.) ; despised 

(pret) Trev. L ii ; despised (pple.) Rich. 

1837; Trev. L 13. 

deflpeisere, sb,, despiser, D. Arth. 538. 
despifliiig, sb-, despising, Trev. III. 287. 
despit, sb.j O.Fr\ despit,^^w Lat. despectus, 

nwd.Eng. despite; contumely, scorn, spite, 

Rob. 547^ 464 ; Will. 3335 ; despite Man. 

( H.) 54 ; Rich. 2177 ; dispit a. p. iii. 50 ; Jos. 

580 ; dispite M. H. 70 ; despites (//.) S. S. 

(Wr.) 1S07 ; dispitis WiCL. ROM. i. 24. 
deBpitous, adj*j spiteful, Ch. C. t. A 516, 

1)762; dispitouse Tro. v. 199; dispitous 

Trev. V. 87^ 
deapltoua-liehe, adv., scornfully, Trev. III. 

389; dcspitousii Will. 1136; despitusli 12 10; 



dispitousli D. TROY 7650; dispetusli MED. 

615. 

desplaien, see displeien. 
despoilen, v., O.Fr. despoiller; despoil, take 

away, despoilen [despoillen] Ch. C.t. -^374; 

dispoiii AYENB. 45 ; MED. 61 5; dispuile WiCL. 

I KINGS xxxi. 8; dispuilide {pret.) WiCL. 

I KINGS xviii. 4; despuiled (pple.) A. R. 

260 ; despuled Ar. & Mer. 1403 ; dispoiled 

Gaw. i6o; dispoilid WiCL. 2 COR. v. 4; 

despuiled Gow. I. 1 16. 
despoilinge, sb.^ spoil, Ch. Boet. iv. 7 

(147). 
destance, see distance, 
desten P~ dusten, v.; throw: ne non harm 

hine do(u)n deste Shor. 52 ; over ))e brigge 

he deste Trist. 2393. 
dest^nen, v., O.Fr. destiner ; destine ; dea* 

teiaed (pple,) D. Troy 2673. 
destining, sb., destiny, Alis. 6866. 
destery sb., O.Fr. destre, j^rom Lat. dextera 

(manus) ; right hand : \i stedes j>at ]>ou3 

haddest in dester leddes Map 334. 
destinal, adj., pertaining to destiny, Ch. 

Boet. iv. 6 (135). 
destinee, sb.. O.Fr. destinee; destiny, des- 

tinee Langl. B vi. 276 ; destine a. p. i. 757 ; 

iii. 49; Gow. 11. 94; destene Will. 315; 

destegne Ch. Tro. iv. 931 ; destinie Ch. 

Boet. iv. 6 (135) ; destenie Trev. V. 237; 

destanee Ch. l. g. w. 952; destanie Trev. 

111.401. 
destitute, adj., Lat. destitutus ; destitute^ 

p. l. s. xxxi. 97 ; Lidg. m. p. 34. 
destrer, sb., O.Fr. destrier; war-horse j B. 

Disa 569 ; Ch. C. t. B 2103. 
destruction, sb., destruction, Man. (H.) 202 ; 

Gow. II. 37 ; destructioun s. s. (Web.) 2761 ; 

destruccion PR. c. 4049 ; destruccione PR. P. 

120; destruccioun s. s. (Web.) 393. 
destruien, v., O.Fr. destruire ; destroy ; de- 

struiie Will. 2929 ; destrui c. M. 22348 ; de- 

strue Rob. 236 ; destroie PR. a 4453 ; destrie 

WiCL. Mat. ii. 13; destrei P. L. s. iv. 37; 

distruie WiCL. i Mac. ix. 73 ; distroie PR. C. 

4472; distrie [destroie] LANGL.^ii. 14; disstrie 

A. p.ii.907; destruie (j^.) Rob. 46 ; destrui^ 

(pres.pL) AYENB. 35 ; destruide (pret.) P. L. s. 

xxiv. 196; destruied Langl. (W.) 1139; des- 

trude Rob. 242 ; destroied Trev. I. 97 ; des- 

triede ROB. 55 ; distruide [distruiede] WiCL. 

Mat. xxii. 7 ; distriede i Mac. ix. 73 ; de- 
struied (pple.) judg. vi. 30 ; destruied PR. c. 

4073 ; destrued Will. 2646 ; dcstruit 2847 ; 

destrud AYENB. 30; destroied Mand. 95; 

destroiid Rich. 1358; destried WiCL. Mat. 

xxiv. 2 ; distrui^ed L. H. R. 33 ; distruied GoW; 

III. 15; distroied LiDG. M. P. 85; distried 

Alis. 130; djsstried a. p. ii. 11 59. 
destroiere, sb., destroyer, PR. p. 120; dis- 

triere WiCL. JUD. viii. 25 ; destrieris (pi.) 

judg. iii. 17. 



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destruien. 



dio. 



163 



deitpoiing, sb., destroying \ destroienge 
Trev. III. 449. 

determinable, adj., determinable^ a. p. i. 594. 

determinate ppk., Lai* determinatus ; de- 
terminate^ Ch. astr. i. 21 (11), ii. 18 (29). 

determine, v., OJF'r, determiner ; determine^ 
LiDG. M. p. 66. 

detraooion, sb., 0,Fr, detraccion; detrac- 
tion^ AYENa 10. 

detraotonr, sb., 0»Fr. detracteor; detrac- 
tor^ PR. p. 120. 

dette, sb., 0,Fr, dette, dete, debte; debt, PR. p. 

120; A. R. 126; AYENB. 35. 

dette-l§B, adj., free from debt : in honour 
dettles Ch. C. T. A 583. 
detted, ^'diy^from dette; owed', to whom oni 
thing is detted, ethir owid WiCL. deut. xv. 2. 
dettur, sb., 0,Fr, detor, deteur, detteur; 
debtor, A. R. 312; dettour HOCCL. vi. 7; 
dettours (//.) ayenb. 113. 
deS, see d§at$. den, see deau and due. 
dens, sb., OJ^r, deus, deu (dieu) ; God, Hay. 

1312 ; a deu (ms. dew) Townl. 94 ; par de 

Ch. C.T. .<4i3i2. 

dente, see dneti. devel, see ddofeL 
deven, see deaven and duven. 
Devene [Devenes], i^x,xi,,^\., people of Devon, 

La^ 30880. 

Devene scire, pr. n., O.E, Defena scire; 

Devonshire, La^. 21015; Devene {printed 

Denene) schire ROB. 5. 
dever, sb., 0,Fr. devoir; duty, Shor. 54; 

Will. 474 ; Langl. -r4 xii. 2 ; d. Arth. 1940 ; 

E. G. 5. 

dOYin, devmen, devinour, see div-. 
deyis, sb., O.Fr. devTs, vise, cf Ital, devisa ; 

device, WILL. 3222 ; to maken aftur his devis 

LEG. 46; at his aun devise C M. 11576. 
devisement, sb., O.Fr. devisement ; descrip- 

ticn-. i knew hit bi his devisement in }>e 

apocalippez A. P. i. 1018. 
deYisen, y,,from Lai. dlvlsus (ppie.) ; divide : 

|ns bok ... in seven partes devised (ppie,) es 

PR. C 348, 986. 
deviaen', v., O.Fr, deviser, devisier ; tellj 

devise, contrives plan, determine: devisi 

AYENB. 144, 103; nis no nede heore armes 

to devise Alis. 7377 ; devise Gow. I. 31 ; 

device Will. 1602; Ch. Tro. iii. 407; 

ne devise hi mi3te best out of chambre 

wende Bek. 875 ; Trey. I. 293 ; ordain and 

divise a gene S. S. (Wr.) 2033 ; devisede 
(pret.) L^GL. Cxxii.331 ; LEG. 46; devised 
(ppie,) Man. (H.) 24. 
devisinge, sb., ^^rn^Vi^, Mand. 5. 

devisidn, see divi8i6n. 

deYOOiun, sb,, O.Fr. devocion ; devotion, A. 
R. 286 ; devocion Rob. 330 ; ayenb. 107 ; 
dcvodoun P. L. s. xii. 139 ; PR. c 5906. 



devoide, v., O.Fr. desvuidier (d/vider); put 
away, WILL. 2044 ; A. P. ii. 908 ; devoided 
{ppie.) R. R. 2929. 

devoidinge, sb., putting away : in devoid- 
inge )>e vilanie }>at venkqvist his )»ewez A. P. 
ii. S43. 

devors, see divers. 

devot, adj., O.Fr» devot ; devout, a. r. 376 ; 
devout Rob. 369. 

devote-liohe, adv., devoutly. Will. 1245 ; 
devouteliche 2974; devoutliche ayenb. 211 ; 
devotli P. L. S. XXX. 6 ; A. P. ii. 814 ; Ch. C. T. 
A 482 ; devoutli Lydg. m. p. 72. 
devouren, v., OJ^r, devorer; devour, Ch. 
C. T. G21, 

devowrar, sb., devourer, ^ dev orator^ PR. 

P. 120. 

devouresse, sb., a female devourer : a de- 
vouresse of men WiCL. ex. xxxvi. 13. 
dew, dewen, see d$au, diawen. 
dia, sb., medicine: dragge nor dia was none in 
buri towne LiDG. M. P. 49 ; with dias (//.) 
and drogges La.ngl. Cxxiii. 174. 
diacne, sb., O.Fr. diacne, O.E. diacon ; from 
Lat, diaconus. Or, ^laKovos ; deacon, ayenb. 

190; hom. I. 71, 81; deakne Shor. 51; 
ddkenes (//.) WiCL. i Tim. iii. 18. 
diad, seedi^ad. 
diademe, sb., Fr, diademe; diadem, Bek. 

2153; Ch. C.T./^43. 
diademed, adj., crowned: David shall be 

diademed Langl. A iii. 268. 
dial, sb., dial, PR. P. 120. 
dialatik, sb., Fr. dialectique ; dialectics, logic, 

WiCL. PREF. EP. vii. 

dialoge, sb., Lat. dialogus, Gr. ^laKoyos; 
prophecy ; Daniel in his dialokes (^/.) devised 

A. P. ii. 1 1 57. 
diamannd, sb., Fr. diamant ; diamond, spec. 

25 ; diamanta (//.) Ch. C, t. A 2147. 
diapenidion, sb., cf. Fr. p^nide, modEng, 

pennet ; barley sugar, medicated sweetmeat, 

Langl. ^v. 123. 
diaper, sb., O.Fr. diaspre, diapre, medLat, 

diasprus ; diaper (kind of cloth) ; towelle of 

diaperi B. B. 129 ; diaper 268. 
diapred, adj., variegated like diaper : cloth of 

gold diapred wel Ch. C. t. -4 2159; dighte 

m diaperde (//.) wedis D. Arth. 3251. 
dia}>, see deaS. 
die, sb., O.E. die, m.f, cf. O.L.G. die, O.Fris. 

dik, M.H.G. tich m., O.N. dfk, diki n.; dike, 

ditch : cnne die, ane dich [one dich] LA5. 

646, 6425; J>a dich [)>e dich] 1 25 70; dich 

A. R. 246 ; KOB. 86 ; Brd. 27 ; ayenb. 57 ; 

Alis. 6632 ; J>eovene dich (den of thieves) misc. 

39; dik GEN. & EX. 281 ; in a dik [dike, dichel 

falle Langl. ^xi. 417; to delven a dich [diche] 

xix. 359; diche Mand. 29; diche (dot.) Ch. 
I C. T. .^ 4106 ; Orf. 347 ; to fare diche 



yi% 



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164 



die. 



dihten. 



o. & N, 1239 ; dike RICH. 6021 ; diohes (pL) 

L^:^ 9338; Rob, 409; dikes Hav. 1923; 

dichc P. L. s. viii. 21 ; HOM. I. 163 ; Misa 59. 
dicen, v., from dee, £€£ de ; filay with dice; 

cut into cubes : die in, or pley with dicis 

Si/jfl' PR, P. 121 ; die in, as men do brede 

^quadro^ PR, P, 121. 
dicer, sb., dicer ^ gambler : she makis disers 

ipL) to selle thare come and thare catelle 

ToWNL, 243 ; disars 242. 
diciag, 5b ,^ dice-playing', at the dising he 

dos us nt> wrang Tovvnl. 240. 
dich^ see die. 
dictour, sb., f Lat. dictator, ^r=>dihtere; 

sicu'iini, 2/iccriiYf u. Arth. 709. 
dideriHj v*, r/ pro-u.Eng, didder, dither; 

skive f\ iremhle^ ^frigutioi PR. P. 121 ; dintus 

gerut him to dedur AV. Arth. xxv; dedir 

ipres.) TOWNL. 28. 
[didren, v.^ O.E. dyderian {cheat) ; cf, Dorset 

dial, da t her [betviider) ; comp. bi-didren.] 
dJeiXy see deaden and da^en. 
diep, see d§op. diere, see deore. 
dierf^e, sb,, == aA', dyr^, = aZ.6^. diurtha, 

d i ur i t h a, O. //» O . t i uri da ; from ddore; dearth ; 

dierfie AYENB. 256 ; der))e P. s. 323 ; Trev. 

[L 55; Langl. ^vi- 330; Mand. 38; {beauty) 

A. P. i. 99. 

dJeBtere^ see under d^^en. 
diet^, sb., Fr. di^te ; diet^ A. R. 112. 
die ten, v.^ from diata, sb., diet\ if thow 

diete {mbj!) thee thus Langl. -ff vi. 270. 
diet^f see deat^. 
difiTamacioiiiif sb.j Fr, diffamacion, ^^^w Lat, 

diflfamatio ; cf. mod.Eng, defamation; dis- 
honour : it were a greet diffamacioun for a 

man to use more ringes |>an oon Trev. II. 

difflime, defame, v., 0,Fr, defEimer ; defame ^ 

Trev. IV. 97, 99. 
difi^eren, v., Q.Fr, differer; defer \ differre 

ipres.) ['differai'] WiCL. DEUT. vii. lO. 
difTerence, sb., O.Fr. differance ; difference^ 

AVENB. 10 J Trev, V. 401. 
difflculte, sb., O.Fr. difficult^ ; difficulty^ Ch. 

C. T. ^2ia 
diMise-li, adv.^ cf, Lat. diffusus {adi^i, at 

leng//t^ in detail : Luk » . . telli)> more diflfuseli 

how man stiej? up to God WiCL. S. w. I. 391. 
dl^el, adj., 0.£. dygol, digol, de^ol, dlegol,= 

O.N^C, tougal ; secret^ hidden : m one swibe 

di^ele hale o. & N, 2; on dlglen (O.E. 

dTglum) [' in abscondiio '] Mat. vi. 4 ; dl3elen 

[di^ele] bi haelves Lhy 26935. 

dl^el-lie, adj., O.E. dfgolllc ; hidden : (his) 

digeliche, dieliche tocume hom. II. 5, 7 ; 

dijalliche [adi/.) FRAG. 8 ; di3elliche & stille 

La5. 13539. 

di^elneese, sb., O.E. dygelness; secrecy 

LA3, 2391 i di^helnesse Orm. 5501. j 



[di^en, ^],^^OJI,G, tougan ; secret.] 
di^en-lio, adj., secret : mid dl^enliche runen 
La^. 415 ; di^enliche . . . biwitie 6659*. 

di^en, see d^en and deaden. 

digest, sb., med. Lat. digestum ; the Pandects : 
J)e lawes of digest Trev. III. 255. 

dligest, adj., Lat. digestus; digested: when 
Phebus entrith in the Ariete, digest humoures 
upward doon hem dresse LiDG. M. P. 195. 

digestible, adj., O.Fr. digestible; easy of 
digestion^ Ch. C. t. A 439. 

digestiotm, sb., O.Fr. digestion ; digestion : 
deer eir and walking maki)> good digestioun 
B. B. 54 ; to digestioun repastis be nat goode 
LiDG. M. P. 155. 

digestive, sb., O.Fr. digestif; a help to di- 
gestions digestives {pi.) Ch. C. T. -^4151. 

digge, sb., duck ; digges {pi.) Chest. I. 52 
(MIR. PL. 9) ; L. c c. 9. 

diggin, v., ?=dikin ; dig^ ^fodio^ PR. P. 121 ; 
diggen him up Mand. 107 ; digge Trev. IV. 
329 ; LieIg. m. p. 145 ; ston ... to digge Will. 
2243; digge {v.r. delve) pittis Wicx, GEN. 
xxvi. 25 ; digg(e) it up S. S. (Wr.) 631 ; digged 
{pret.) up Langl. Bw\. 109 \A vii. lOO 
dikeden] ; diggide WiCL. Is. xxxiv. 15 ; deggid 
LiDG. M. P. 113 ; diggiden {pi.) WiCL. NUM. 
xxi. i8*. 
diggar, sb., digger^ ^fossor^ PR. P. 118. 

digne, adj., O.Fr. digne, from Led. dignus ; 
worthy, dignified, RoB. 132; Jos. 252; WILL. 
583 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (43) ; PR. c. 74; E. G. 
29. 

digne-liohe, adv., with dignity^ ayenb. 20 ; 
Will. 520. 

dignite, sb., O.Fr. dignity ; dignity^ A. R. 140; 
Bek. 244 ; PR. c. 3872. 

dihten, v., O.E. dihtan, = O.H.G. dihton, 
dicton, O.N. dikta, mod.Eng. dight; \from 
Lat. dictare] ; prepare, set in order : ^ setten 
heo biscopes )>an folken (r.folke) to dihten Laj. 
10201; Kath. 1 471; dihtin, ditin ^ dicto, 

paro* PR. p. 123; hi leten hem dijte a gret 
schip Brd. 5 ; him to dethe dijte AV. Arth, 
iv; di5t(e)aba>EGL.526; dighte Perc. 652 ; 
al |)at he dihteo {pres.) & deme« hom. 1. 267; 
dihte {pret.) Marh. 2 ; he dihte feole domes 
La^. 7221 ; he hit (his kineriche) dihte and 
delde 9192 ; |>us he us diste 25907 ; )>e king 
dihte him for to wende K. T. 954 ; di3te 
Shor. 10; and di3te me dereli Langl. B 
xix. 2 ; dljt {pple.) WILL. 151 ; dight PR- C 
448 ; a lettre has he dight Degr. 153 ; idiht 
Kath. 1607 ; o. & n. 641 ; idijt P. L. s. xxxv. 
106 ; comp. a-dihten. 

dihtende, sb., disposer, guider : dihtende of 
alle shafte hom. II. 123. 
di^tere, sb., O.E. dihtere ; disposer^ govern 
nor, AYENB. 100. 

di3tiDge| sb., dispositions decoration^ AYENB. 
1724. 



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dihtnare. 



disaventure. 



165 



dihtnare, sb^ O.^. dihtnere ; steward^ * dis- 
pensatory* FRAG. 2. 

dOdn, v., 0,E. dIcian,=-/l/.Z?i//. diken, O.Fris, 

dika, ditsa; dig, make a ditch or dike^ 

^fossoj PR. P. 131 ;l diken, diche Lanol. B 

vi. 143 ; xix. 232 ; dike Gow. 1. 15 ; Ch. C. T. 

^4536; diked (///^.) Will. 2233; idiched 

CL.674. 
dSkere, sb., 0,E. dicere; ditcher \ dikers 

(//.) Langl. a prol. 102. 
dil,adj., ?=diil; dull, foolish: dill & slaw Orm. 

9885 ; dille Gaw. 1529 ; A. P. i. 679 ; TOWNL. 

136; domb & dille Halliw. 303. 
dilatacion, sb., Lat, dllatatio; dilatations 

enlargement, diffitseness, Ch. C. T. -5 232. 
dile, sb., 0,E, di\e,=^ OJ/.G. tilli ; dill, ^ane- 

t{A)um,' voc. 140 ; Pall. iv. 167 ; dille PR. p. 

121 ; diles (gen.) LEECHD. III. 92. 
dil^en, v., 0,£. (a-)dilgian, dilcgian,=0./>7J. 

(ur-)diligia, OX.G. (far-)dilig6n, O.H.G. tili- 

gon ; ejhce, extirpate, extinguish ; diljhen (ms. 

(iill3henn) Orm. 4083 ; comp. a-, for-diljien. 
diligence, sb., 0,Fr, diligence, Lat. dlligentia; 

diligence : AYENB. 238 ; Gow. II. 61, 88 ; Ch. 

C. T. B 1729 ; oon hath slewthe anothir dilli- 

gence Lidg. M. p. 161. 
diligent, adj., O.Fr. diligent, from Lat. dili- 

gens; diligent, ayenb. 32, 220; Gow. II. 

39; diligent travaile Lidg. m. p. 89. 
diUgent-liohe, adv., diligently, ayenb. 70 ; 

diligentller (comp) WiCL. 3 KINGS iii. 21 

(P.); 2 Mac. xi. 36. 
dill, see dlL dille, see dile. 
dillen, v., ?=dullen; render dull, become 

dull: dille CM. 202; Townl. 136; dillen 

(pres. subj,) REL. I. 217. 
diluYie, sb., ImI, diluvium, cf, 0,Fr, diluve ; 

cf, deluge; deluge, flood: the diluvie or 

greet flood WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 5 ; diluvie WiCL. 

GEN.vi. 17*. 

dim, adj., O.E. dimm,= O.Ffw. dim, 0,N, 
dimmr ; dim, obscure, o. & N. 577 ; GEN. & ex. 

286; AYENB. 159; MaND. 60; PR. C. II66; 

Perc. 1994 ; dim and derk c L. 71 ; ]>e sonne 

dim bicom Shor. 86 ; his dimme eijen frag. 

5; dimme (adv,) Gow. II. 292; ^u) i loke 

dimme Langl. ^ x. 179; dimme (//.) rel. 

1. 210 (misc 3). 
dim-liche, adv., cf, O.E. dimlTc (adj\)*, 

dimly: dimli A. P. iii. 374 ; A. R. 210. 
dimnesee, sb., O.E, dimness ; dimness, * ob- 

scuritas,' FRAG. 7. 
dime, sb., Fr, dime, 0,Fr, disme, from Lat, 

dedma ; tenth, tithe, LiDG. M. P. 137 ; dimes 

[dismes] (pi.) Langl. B xv. 526. 
diminuen, v., Fr, diminuer ; Lat. deminuere ; 

diminish, disparage ; diminued (pple.) [* dero- 

gastis*] or spoken ivel WiCL. Ez. xxxv. 13. 
diminution, sb., Fr. diminution, fl^om Lett. 

deminutio; diminution, Gow. III. 89. 



dimmin, v., 0,E, dimmian,«=(9.-A^. dimma; 
dim, ^obscuro,^ PR. P. 121 ; dimmen rel. I. 
6j; dtmmi}> (pres,) P. L. s. vi. 7; him 
dimmeb (ba) ei^en frag. 5 ; dimmede (pret,) 
Trey. V1I.411 ; dimmede [dimmed] Langl. 

A\, TOO, 

dimminge, sb., dimming. Rich. 6977; bi 

(J)e) dimminge of J)e dai ToR. 514*. 
dindelin,v.,^J/.Z>i/.tintelen; tinkle,Uinnio,' 

PR. P. 121. 
dine, dinen, see diine, diinien. 
dinen, v., O.Fr. disner; dine; dinen [dine] 

Langl. .4 v. 58; dinede (pret,) Rob. 558. 
diner, sb., O.Fr, disner; dinner, Rich. 655; 

Langl. ^vi. 293. 
dinge, see diinge. 
dingen, y.,cf 0,N, dGngjsL,==M,//.G. tengen, 

prov.Eng, ding; becU, strike, Fer. 717; 

Langl. ^vi. 143; dinge Hay. 215; Alis. 

1732; Perc 1967; dang (pret,) Egl. 550; 

wi]^ his tail })e erWe) he dang Iw. 3167; 

dong Hay. 1147; Rich. 5270; dongen (pi) 

Map 338; dimgen (f>ple,) Hay. 227; pr. c 

3256 ; dongen MiN. vii. 74. 
dingfinsT) sb., blow, stroke: dongun wi}> 

mani dingings (pi.) apol. 37. 
dingle, sb., t='0,H,G, tunculla (whirlpool); 

mod,Eng, dingle ; t sea-bottom : deopre J>en 

eni sea dingle hom. I. 263. 
dint, see diint. 
diocesan, sb., 0,Fr, diocesian, med,Lat,d\otc^' 

sanus ; diocesan, bishop : yow be mi defen- 

sour in our diocesans (gen,) sight SACR. 854. 
diocise, sb., O.Fr. diocise, diocese; diocese, 

Ch. C. t. a 664. 
dippen, see duppen. dirk, see dearc. 
directe, v., from Lat, dlrectus ; direct, Lidg. 

M. p. 247 ; directe (pres,) 149 ; directi{> 244. 
dirige, sb., Lat, dlrige (the first word of a 

funeral hymn) ; dirge : a placebo and dirige 

for all the sowles of the bredern and susters 

£. G. 190, 191 ; dirige, office for ded men 

^exeauie^ PR. P. 121 ; deregi E. G. 145 ; say 

his aorge and masse Lidg. m. p. hi. 
disalouen, v., 0,Fr, desalouer; disallow: 

disalowed (pple,) Langl. B xiv. 130. 
disalowing, sb., disapproval, Langl. B xiv. 

139. 
disarmen, v., 0,Fr. desarmer; disarm, Ch. 

BoET. i. 4 (13). 
dis-asenten, v., disagree, refuse consent; 

disasent (pple,) D. Troy 8016; dissaisent 

9368. 
disayanncen, v., O.Fr, desavancer ; hinder 

damage : disavaunce Ch. Tro. ii. 511. 
disayaiint&ge, sh,,disadvantage, misfortune : 

Trey. II. 161 ; disadvauntages (//.) III. 

287. 
disaventure, sb., misadventure, mischance, 

Ch. Tro. iv. 269, 725. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i66 



disc. 



disSse. 



dlBCi see diaah^ 

di8cerne» v., (XFr, disceraer; dtscem, Ch. 
C. 1 . A 3003, 
disch, sb„ iX£^ disc {hmrd^ table\ = C^.iV.diskr 
{dish)^ OJLG^ tisc {table), from Lat discus; 
see deake ; ih'sh, Jos, 297 ; {quoit) WiCL. 2 
Mac. iv. 14^ ibrokcn nep o¥er disch A. R. 
344; disc La^. 19693; dish ^ discus ^ scute la^ 
PR. p, 122; dlaclie idaf.) Mand. 52; disse 
Horn ^L.) 1144; diaches {pi,) misc. 175: 
ctmip. taSr-diac. 
diech-fUl, sb., dishful : thre dischful of blod 
s. s, (Web). 1906; disschfol 1 91 8; disseful 
1900; dissvol AVENB. J 19; disohfolles {pL) 
%. s. (Web.) 1892. 

disc-J^ein^ sb-, iahk servant^ frag. 4. 
diechargen, s€£ deechargen. 
disc here, ?>b., from disch ; dtshmaker^ disk- 
sdler, Langl. A v. 166 ; C vii. 372. 
disehereB, sb,| (female) disAsel/er, Langl. 
B V. 323. 
diaeheveleiij v.^ 0./>* descheveler; dishevel-. 

disheveled [pple.) Cn. P. F. 235. 
dificiple, sb-, iXFr. disciple ; disciple^ p. s. L. 
xvii. 390; diaciples (//.) HOM. I. 141 ; Misa 
40k 
disciplesse, ^h.^fcmak disciple : a disciplesse 

{V, r, sum disciplisse) W'iCL. DEEDS ix. 36. 
disoipline, sb., O.Fr. discipline ; discipline^ 

p. S. L, xvii. 114; PR, c. 5556. 
diBClplIne, v., O^Fr. disciplmer; discipline^ 

BiCK. ii(^7' 
disclandr9j see desotandreD. 
disolOBO^ adj., dischse, Gow. I. 294 ; desclos 
Gow, JL 354. 
dieclosen, v., disclose^ reveal^ GOW. I. 294; 
didose LiDG. M. P. 26; desolosed {ppie.) 
Gow. L 157. 

diseomfltmg, sb,^ d^^fiuf^ Ch. C. t. A 2721. 
dif eomflture, sb., discomfiture^ Ch. C. t. A 

looS \ An. 326. 
discomfort, sl>., O.Fr. descomfort; discom- 
fort, Trev, I, 363 : disconforte Ch. Tro. iv. 
383 ; discoumfon \ViCL. Ez. vii. 19. 
discomforten, v., O.Fr. desconforter; dis- 
comfort, defeat^ £n. Q.T. A 2704 ; desconfite 
MaK- (F.) 13944; descowmforten PR. P. 122; 
diaoonforted iprcf.) VViCL. num. prol.; dia- 
coumfortid ippl'^^ Josh. v. i ; disconfite 
Gow, I. 362; discomfit III. 200. 
disconsolate adj., disconsolate, Ch. Tro. v. 

542; LiDG. M- p. 205, 
discoiiTemetice, sb., discord, unsuitableness : 

Lifk;, m. p. 82. 
disoordable, ^dy^ O.Fr. descordable, from 
Lat. discordabiris; Hni in accord with^ in- 
Ciimpatibie, Gow. 11, 225; elements that ben 
so disct>Tdable Ch, Tko. iii. 1704. 
dxBcordancet sb., O.Fr, descordance; dis- 
i&rdmnce^ AVENB. 359. 



discordant, adj., 0,Fr. discordant; discor-* 
dant, Gow. III. 163. 

disoorde, sb., O.Fr, des-, discorde ; discord, 
PR. p. 122 ; discord AYENB. 43 ; descord Rob. 
196; Shor. 141. 
discordin, v., O.Fr. descorder; discord, PR. P. 
122; diBoorde)> {pres.) Trey. 1. 123 ; disoor- 
dede {pret.) Trev. III. 97. 

discording, sb., disagreement : bituene hem 
nas non discording Rob. 255. 
discoveren, v., O.Fr. descouvrer; discover-. 
discurin PR. p. 122; H. v. 63; diskoverez 
{pres.) GAW.418; discuretz E. G. 55 ; disoover 
{imp.) I. 305 ; disooveringe {pple.) WiCL. 
2 Kings vi. 20 ; diakeveret {ppte.) Jos. 350. 

discovering, sb. ; discuringe of cownselle PR. 
P. 122; descuvering Will. 1024, 1044. 
discovert, adj., O.Fr. descovert ; uncovered, 

DREAM 6. 

discoverte, sb., uncovered part \ Alisaunder 
smot him in the discoverte Alis. 7417. 
discrecion, sb., O.Fr. discretion ; discretion, 
AYENB. 155 ; discrecioun Ch. C. t. A 2537. 
discreet, adj., O.Fr. discret ; discreet, Ch. C. 
T.A 312; LiDG. M. P. 155; discrete Trev. 
V. 459; Gow. III. 167. 

discr5t-li, adv., discreetly, WiCL. S. w. III. 

170. 
disoresen, v., med.Lat. discrescere ; decrease, - 

LiDG. M. P. 244; Gow. II. 189. 
discrien, see descrien. 
discussen, v., from Lat. discussus {pple.)\ 

mod.Eng. discuss; examine, search into\ 

Crist sal discusse alle thing PR. c. 6247. 
di£dainen, v., O.F. desdeigner, desdaigner, 
from Lat. dedignan; disdain', disdeine LiDG. 

M. P. 37 ; desdaine]^ (pres.) Gow. III. 237; 

disdaineth [disdeintithj R. R. 5688 ; disdeig- 

neth Gow. I. 84 ; dedeineden {pple.) WiCL. 

Mat. xxi. 15. 
disdainous, adj., O.Fr. desdeinous ; disdain- 
ful', desdainous Ch. Tro. ii. 12 16. 
[dise, sb., M.L.G. dise {flax prepared for 

spinning)^ 
dise-st»^ sb., O.K. distaef; distajg^, ^coins' 

FRAG. 4; distaf YOC 157; disestafe 269; 

distaf Ch. C. t. A 3774 ; distaves {pi.) Trev. 

VIII. 211. 
disdein, sb., OJ^r. desdaing, =//«/. disdegno; 

disdain; disdein c M. 11309; desdein [dis- 
dain] Ch. C. t. C7 41 ; dedein Rob. 172 ; Jos. 

244; MiRC 1 1 59. 
dis^ren, v., cf O.Fr. deseriter; disinherit'. 

des^redin (pret.pl.) treu airs unri^tfulli Misc. 

211. 
diserite, sb., O.Fr. deseritd ; cf. disheriten; 

a disinherited person: so )>at J)e deseritcs 

{pi.) into j>is lond come Rob. 85 ; be knijtes 

were disentes in )>e lond aboute wide 563. 
disese^ sb., O.Fr. desaise; disease^ trouble, 



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disese* 



dispensaoiouiL 



167 



Gow. 1. 139 ; Ch. C. t. B 3961 ; desese Trev. 

IV. 203 ; disease LiDG. M. P. 30; diseese WiCL. 

2 Cor. i. 4*; disSaes (pi.) Trev. II. 185; 

disesis WiCL. s. w. III. 10. 
disSse-fiil, adj., troublesome^ WiCL. GEN. 

xxxix. 10; EX. xxiii. 9; this widowe is hevi, 

or diseseful, to me WiCL. Lk. xviii. 5. 
diflese, v., 0,Fr. desaisier; trouble, annoy ^ 

Ch. Tro. iv. 1272; disesel) {pres.) Gow. 

III. 3; disdsed (pple.) Gow. I. 89; disesid 

WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 15*. 
disespeir, sb., 0,Fr, desespeir; despair \ in 

desespeire Gow. II. 125 ; dessespeir Ch. 

Tro. i. 605. 
disefipeire, v.,=despeiren; /^r. d^sesp^rer ; 

despair, be without hope, LiDG. M. P. 236; 

diBespelred (pple.) of our owne offence Lidg. 

M. P. 179. 

disesperaty adj., hopeless: disesperat [de- 
sperate] of alle blis Ch. h. f. 2015. 

di8e8i>eraunce, sb., hopelessness \ desesper- 

aunce Ch. Tro. ii. 1307. 

disfigure^ sb., deformity: schulde tellen of 

his disfigure Ch. C. t. Z>96o. 

disflgoreiiy v., O.Fr, desfigurer; deform \ 

defigurd (pple.) PR. C 2338. 

disgoisey adj., 0,Fr. desguisd; fashionable: 

thaire degise atire Hamp. ps. cxlvi. 1 1 ; degise 
Ch. C. t. /417; degise (sb,) PR. c. 1518; 

degiBes (sb.pL) 1524. 

disguiseii) v., 0,Fr. desguTser ; disguise \ des- 
guiseGow. 11.227 ; desguisede (pret,) Man. 
(F.) 4744 ; disguised (pple,) Will. 1677. 
dis^plBiiigy sb., covering : the wrecchid swol- 
len membres that thai schewe thurgh des- 
gising [disgising] Ch. C. T. 7425. 

[diflguisi, adj.] 
disgisi-li, adv., strangely : desparaged were 
i disgisili jiif i dede in j)is wis Will. 485. 
disgisines, sb., strange appearance : precious 
clothing is coupable for his straungenes, and 
disgisines CH. C. T. /414. 

disheriten, v., (9J^r. desheriter ; disinherit \ 
desherite Hav. 2547 ; A. P. ii. 185 ; ideserited 
(pret,) Rob. 375 ; see diseritd. 

dishonor, O.Fr. deshonor; dishonour*, des- 
honor Fl. & Bl. 655 ; Man. (F.) 6242. 

dishonouren, v., dishonour \ deshonoured 
(pple,) of that she hadde be defioured Gow. 
II. 322 ; deshonoured ijy. 

dishoneste, adj., O.Fr. deshoneste ; dishonesty 
Qn.Q.T.H 214. 

dishonesten, v., O.Fr, deshonester; dis- 
honour: whan thou hast dishonestid (Pple.) 
thi frend WiCL. PROV. xxv. 10. 

disi, see diisL 

difijoint, sb., O.Fr. desjoinct ; dilemma, awk- 
ward position: of what wight that stant in 
swich di^iointe (dat.) Ch. Tro. iii. 447; 
i stonde in this disjoint C. T. B 1601. 



diskumflt, see disoomfite. 

dismaien, v., cf Span, desmayar ; ffor es- 
maien ; dismay ; demaien J OS. 84 ; desmaie 
(imper.) 30U no longer Will. 3040 ; dismaie 
Lidg. m. p. 263 ; demai Gaw. 470 ; demaide 
(pret.) Rob. 156 ; dismaid (pple.) Gaw. 336. 

disme, see dime. 

dismembrin, v., O.Fr. des-, de-membrer; 
dismember, PR. P. 122; demembred (pple.) 
Rob. 559. 

dismitte, v., for Lat. dimittere; dismiss, 
WiCL. JER. xxxii. 1 1 ; desmittiden (pret. pi.) 
DEEDS xvii. 10; disinitted (pple.) or relesid 
I Mac X. 43. 

disobedience, sb., disobedience, Lidg. m. p. 
143. 

disobeie, v., 0./>. desobeir ; disobey, Gow. I. 
86 ; dlsobeide (pret.) I. 338. 

disobeisaunce, sb., O.Fr. desobeisance ; dis- 
obedience, Gow. 1. 86. 

disobeisaunt, adj., O.Fr. desobeissant ; dis- 
obedient, Ch. p. f. 428; Gow. I. 248; Lidg. 
M. p. 143. 

disord^ne, adj., from O.Fr. drdener ; inor- 
dinate, excessive, A yen B. 34; desordene Ch. 
BOET. ii. 2 (36) ; ayenb. 46 ; disordein Ch. C. 
T. /818. 
desord6ne-liohe» adv., inordinately, ayenb. 

55. 

disordinat, adj., immoderate^ excessive, Ch. 
C. T. 7422; R. R. 4818; disordinat of lan- 
guage Lidg. m. p. 258. 

disour, sb., O.Fr. disour ; speaker, teller of a 
story, B. DISC. 139; disours (//.) Alis. 
6991. 

disparage, sb., want of equality, Ch. C. t. 
908. 

disparagen, v., O.Fr. desparagier; disparage, 
disparagide (pret.) Trev. VII. 385 ; des- 
paraged (pple^ Will. 485. 

disparplin, v., for esparplin; scatter \ 
disparplen PR. P. 122; disparple WiCL. Ez. 
xii. 14; disparplith (pres.) John x. 12; de- 
sparpleth Mand. 4; disparpoilide (pret.) 
GEN. xi. 9 ; disparplid (pple) John xvi. 32. 

di spencer, sb., O.Fr. despensier; steward: 
Hue j)e Dispencer ROB. 559. 

dispenden, v., O.Fr. despendre ; spend, dis- 
sipate-, dispendin PR. P. 122 ; dispendi ayenb. 
53; despende PR. C. 125 ; despendeth (pres.) 
Gow. 1. 106; dispended (pret.) PR. c. 2435 ; 
despended Langl. B xii. 49 ; despent Gow. 
II. 162; dispendede AYENB. 128; dispended 
(pple.) Ch. C. t. E 1403 ; dispended, dispent 
Gow. I. 197, 309. 

dispendonr, sb., steward: desspendoure 
AYENB. 190; dispender [later ver. dispendere] 
WiCL. Lk. xii. 42 ; dispenderis (pi.) WiCL. 
1 Cor. iv. I ; despendours Ch. C. T. -^2843. 

I diEpensaciotm, sb., O. Fr. dispensacion ; 



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dlBpensacioun. 



distemperen. 



dhf^ensation^ Trev. III. 469; dispensacioun 

wifi [jis la we winnes miche money WiCL. S. w. 

in. 162. 
dispenBe, sb„ O.Fr, despense ; expense, out- 
lay \ disp^Tice Ali:^, 2616; despense AYENB. 

21 ; deapensea {pi.) Ch. C. T. ^2842. 
dispeosin, v., O.Fr. despenser ; dispense ^ 

FR. F, 122. 

diaper acion, s€€ deBperaoion. 
dlBperishen^ v.^ Lat, disperlre; disperse, 

WiCL. JUD. kL 3 ; wiSD. xvi. 29; disperisht 

(pret.) WlCL. LAM, v. 18. 
dispdrBf adj. J Lat. dispersus ; dispersed, Gow. 

JL 185; UL 175; dispers {ppte,) II. 177. 
diaplelen, v., 0./>-. despleier, -ploier ; display*, 

diepleied ipret.) Ch. C. T. A 966. 
diaplesaunee, sb., O.Fr, desplesance; dis- 

pL-asurt- : Ch. Tro. iii. 430; iii. 1245 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 71 ; displea^aunce dream 146 i. 
diBpl^een, v., O.Fr, desplaisir,y>Y7z« Lot, dis- 

plicLTc ; displease^ ^displiceo,* PR. P. 123; 

Wicu V.z, XX. 43; displease LiDG. M. P. 169; 

disple^e iprfs,) Langl. B xiii. 135 ; dis- 

pt^aed {pre/.} LiDG. M. P. 91 ; de8pl68ed 

iPp/i!^) Cow. II L 173. 
displ^ing, sb,, displeasure, Trev. II. 411. 
dieponen^ v., O.Fr. despondre, Lai. disp5nere; 

dispose : dlflp5ne|i ipres.) Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (134) ; 

Tro. iv, 935 ; difip5ue (imper.) v. 300. 
difiport, sb., ClFr. desport; disport, sport \ 

disporte Gow, II. 175; desport Ch. Q,t, A 

775 i sport LUD. Gov. 185; disportes {pL) 

DKEAM. 104. 

disporte I v., 0,Fr, desporter; sport, divert, 

Gow. 1, 75, 119; Ch. Tro. ii. 1673. 
dispose ii» V. O.i^r. disposer; dispose*. Lidg. 

M. p, 149 ; dlBpoalth (pres.) Lidg. m. p. 

197; diepdsed \pret.) LiDG. M. P. 20, 176; 

Trev. 1, J09; dlspoaid (pple.) WiCL. s. 

w. IIL 68, 161 ; disposed Lidg. m. p. 159. 
dispOBitioiif sb*, O.Fr. disposition ; dispo- 

siihn, Ch. Tro. ii, 526; disposicion of Venus 

Gow. I. 50; after the disposition of natural 

complexion Gow, 1. 92; dispocicioun LiDG. 

M. P. 174 ; dlspoBicioims {pi.) Trev. I. 51. 
dispreisin, v., (9,/K desprisier ; blame, * culpo, 

mtuperOj" ^R, f. j 23 ; dispreise LiDG. M. P. 84. 
dispreisingej sb,, blaming, Ch. C. T. B 

2K76, 
diBpr^Tenj v., disprove : schul . . . nou^t hem 

desprcve by despitusoun Trev. I. 17; ))is 

disprove? (pres.) noujt Gaufrede his stone 

Trev, V, 339. 

disptiten, v., O.Fk des-, disputer ; dispute, 
Lanol, Bvill 20; dispute [dispuite] CL. 1082; 
dispQjte MiRC 673 ; desputi P. L. S. xix. 74 ; 
sputs Rath. 1315; spute Jos. 148; des- 
putedG ipreL) avenb. 79. 
disputing, sb., disputation, contention : me 
)mnche^ betere fa ha beo ear overcomen wi^ 



desputinge Kath. 558 ; whether mi disputing 

is a^ens man WiCL. Job xxi. 4. 
disputesoun, sb., 0./r.desputoison ; disputa- 
tion, Ch. C. T. B442S; disputacioun LEG. 

139 ; desputeson Gow. I. 90. 
[dis-rewILy SLd}.,/rom rewle ; unruly.] 

disrewli-li : lede his lif disrewlilie R. R. 4902. 
disseisen, v., O.Fr. dessaisir; disseize; 

disseised (pple.) c. L. 1088. 
disseicdne, sb., disseizin, £. G. 361. 
dissencion, sb., O.Fr. dissension, Lat. dis- 

sensio ; dissension, PR. C 4061 ; dessencioun 

WICL.S. w. III. 133; discencioun III. 141; 

dissenciun c. M. 22221, 22238. 
dissenten, \.,from Lat. dissentlre ; disagree : 

if i dissente (subj.) LiDG. M. p. 44. 
disseveraunoe, sb., O.Fr. desseverance ; se- 
paration, Ch. Tro. iii. 1375; Boet. iii. 11 

(96). 
disseveren, v., O.Fr. dessevrer; divide, sever \ 

i wolde him fro the court desever Gow. I. 

332 ; dissever {refl.) Gow. II. 97 ; deseverd 

(pple) MISC. 31 ; dissevert {pret.) D. Troy 

1602; A. P. iii. 314. 
dissimulation, sb., Fr. dissimulation; dis- 
simulation, pretence, Gow. I. 74. 
dissimulen, v., Lat. dissimulare ; dissimulate, 

hide, pretend, Ch. Boet. v. 6 (178) : som can 

dissimele and blow the bukkis horn by ap- 

parence of feined kindenesse LiDG. M. P. 

160 ; dissimelide {pret.) WiCL. i KINGS x. 

27 ; dissimilide i kings xxiii. 13. 
dissimulinge, sb., dissembling, Ch. Tro. v. 

1625 ; dissimulinges {pi.) Ch. C. t. 7^285. 
dissimulour, sb., Lat. dissimulator; cUs- 

sembler : Ch. C. t. B 4418. 
dissolucioun, sb., Fr. dissolution ; dissipation, 

R. R. 4900 ; Lidg. m. p. 247. 
dissolut, adj., Lat. dissolutus ; dissolute: now 

passing besi, now dissolut, now idil LiDG. 

M. P. 245 ; dissolute laughters B. B. 26. 
dissolven, v., dissolve-, dissolved {pple.) 

s. A. L. 80; dissolvid WiCL. S. w. III. 163; 

dissolved 68. 
distaf, see under dise. 
distance, sb., O.Fr. distance ; distance : ^dis- 

tantia^ PR. P. 123 ; a distance {disagreement) 

there is ispronge Bek. 1285 ; \e.r was at 

londone a lute distance {tumult) Rob. 570; 

without destaunce Rich. 1669. 
disteine,v.,(7./r.desteindre; stain,CH. L.G.w. 

269 ; steine Gow. I. 225 ; desteined HoccL. 

i. 340. 
distempraunce, sb., O.Fr. destemprance ; 

unfavourableness : the destempraunce of the 

hevene Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (97). 
distemperen, v., (7.Fr.destemprer; disorder. 

distemperes {fres.) WiCL. s. w. III. 157; 

distemi>enn ^ dtstempero* PR, p. 123. 
distempring, sb., want of due pro^rtions, 



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distemperen. 



diviiL 



169 



disorder', (le destempringe of )>ise vour 

qualites AYENB. 153. 
distemi>erure, sb., cf, O.Fr, tempereure; 

intemperance^ want of moderation^ WiCL. S. 

w. III. 156. 
distempre, adj., intemperate : Ch. Boet. iv. 

3 (121). 
diatillatidn, sb., OJFr, distillation, Lat. dis- 

tillatio; act of distilling, Gow. II. 86. 
distilleiiy v., 0,Fr. distiller, from Lat, di- 

stillare ; drop, flow ; distilleth (pres,) Gow. 

I. 3; distUIing (pple,) LiDG. M. P. 262. 
[distmcty adj., LxU, distinctus ; distinct.] 

diatinot-li, adv., distinctly, LiDG. M. P. 63. 
distincte, v., O.Fr, distincter; distinguish, 

R. R. 6199. 
distmcten, v., from Lat, distinctus; di- 

sUngtdsh : to distincti betvene J)e guode J)inges 

and )« kveade ayenb. 152. 
di8tinctiun,sb., 0,Fr, distinction ; distinction, 

A. R. 12; distinccioun Trey. I. iii; Ch. 

Boet. ii. 5 (46) ; dlstiiictiuiiB (pi,) a. r. 12. 
distmguen, v., Fr, distinguer,^(7w Lat, di- 

stinguere ; distinguish : wilde men destingeC 

ipres,) noujt no)>er to settc der feeldes by 

boundes no)>er by meres Trey. I. 135 ; art 

bou distingwed (pple.) and embelised bi 

pe springing floures Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (47). 
difltraot, adj., sb., Lat, distractus ; distracted: 

distracte were thai stithli D. Troy 3219; 

distrauhte in thouhte Lidg. m. p. 206. 
distraoten, v., medLat, distractare ; distract : 

bodeli Jringis distract!)) (pres,) men WiCL. 

S.W. III. 84. 
diBtraotiouii, sb., detraction, slander : suffre 

no distractioun Lidg. m. p. 67. 
difltreinen, v., OJ^r, destraindre ; constrain, 

compel \ destrigni Bek. 711; destreine 

(imp,) Ch. Tro. v. 596 ; destrainede (pret:) 

i. 354; distreigned Bek. 751. 
dintresae, sb., OJ^r, destrece ; distress, Gow. 

II. 268; Rich. 2763; distres a. p. ii. 11 59; 
Lidg. m. p. 76 ; distresce Bek. 755 ; destresse 
Rob. 442 ; Gow. I. 333; Lidg. m. p. 227. 

distresen, v., distress : (|)ay) distresed (pret,) 
him wonder strait A. P. li. 879. 

disturbance, sb., 0,Fr, destourbance ; com- 
motion; desturbance rel. I. 265; destour- 
bance Rob. 436. 

dlBturben, v., 0,Fr, destourber; disturb; 
desturbcn A. R. 162; desturbi P. L. s. xvii. 
360; destorbe]' (pres,) ayenb. 179. 
disturbing, sb., disturbing; destourbinge 
LEB. JES. 428 ; destorbinge ayenb. 225. 

disturblen, v., trouble; disturbelin ^ turbo, 
conturbo* PR. p. 123; disturble WiCL. PS. 
ii. 5; destorblist (pres,) Halliw. 307; 
distonrblen (pL) WiCL. s. w. III. 122; 
<U8tiirblinge (pple,) WiCL. deeds xvii. 13; 
dlstourblede (pret.) R. R. 1713 ; disturbUd 



(pple,) John xxii. 27; distourbled S. w. III. 

135; distroubled Ch. D. Bl. 522; distrobled 

WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 6. 
dittturbling, sb., troubling, disturbance : fro 

disturbling of men WiCL. PS. xxx. 21 ; dis- 

trobelinge of pece ^ disturbrum, turbacio^ 

PR. P. 123 ; distourbling of witte WiCL. S. w. 

III. 135 ; disturbling Lk. xxiii. 19. 
disturbour, sb.,(7./>-.destourbeur; disturber; 

desturbour Bek. i i 10. 
distumen, v., 0,Fr. destoumer, Fr. d^tour- 

ner; turn away, thi fader prei al thiike 

harme destume Ch. Tro. iii. 669. 
difiusen, v., become unaccustomed, misuse, ' ob- 

soleo, dissuesco, abutor^ PR. p. 123; virtues 

of God may no mon disuse WiCL. s. W. III. 

157; a riche mon Jjat dis^ide (pret.) his 

ri'chesse II. I. 
dis-were, sb., cf. were ; doubt, * dubium^ pr. 

p. 123 ; withoute diswaire L. C. C. 51 ; with- 

outen diswaire 25. 
ditane, sb., Fr. dictame; dittany (a plant), 

PR. P. 123. 
dite, sb., O.Fr. dit^, dict^ mod.Eng. ditty; 
poem, verse; singing, PR. P. 123; WiCL. 

deut. xxxi. 19; ditees (pi.) Trey. IV. 309. 
diten, see dihten. di]', see dea6. 
diten, v., O.Fr, dieter, Lat, dictare; indite^ 

indict', ditin or inditen letters and speche 

^cUcto^ PR. P. 123 ; ditin or inditen for trespace 

^indicto' PR. P. 123. 
diting, sb., composition, ^dictamen, in- 

dictation PR. P. 123; (he) in his diting . . . 

tellus D. Troy 3850 ; his diting of his dedis 

ditour, sb., historian, orator. Trey. III. 

163 ; advoketes and ditoures (pi) II. 373. 
diven, see d&ven. 
diveren,v.,=J/.Z>«.daveren; tremble, Kath. 

619 ; divere hom. I. 283 ; speoken i ne dar 

nawt, ah diveri ant darie Marh. 16. 
divers, adj., 0,Fr, divers; divers, Shor. 

142; AYENB. 15 ; CM. 1 1054. 
divers-liohe, adv., diversely. Trey. V. 339 ; 

diversli pined PR. C. 7473 ; LiDG. M. P. 119. 
diversite, sb., O.Fr. diversity; diversity, 

Trey. III. 467 ; Ch. C. t. ^220. 
diversoriey sb., Zo/. diversorium ; inn, leg. 

90*. 
dividen, v., LmI. dlvidere ; divide ; dividen 

(//.) Ch. astr. i. 7 (5) ; divide (imper.) WiCL. 

EX. xiv. 16 ; divldeden (pret) WiCL. PS. xxi. 

19; divldid (pple,) WiCL. 4 KINGS ii. 8; 

divided s. w. III. 130; Ch. astr. i. 15 (8); 

Gow. I. 7. 
diviii, sb., 0,Fr, di-, devin, Lxit, dlvlnus; 

divine, augur; di-,devine8 (pL) Trey. III. 

219; J)e devines and J)e wichen ayenb. 

19- 
divin*, sb., cf divinen, divine; prophecy; 



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170 



diian. 



dolour. 



divirtafion; ilwoiogy: Merlm, in his devin, 
of him has said Man. (H.) 282; a maister of 
divina idai.) R* R. 6490. 

divlnQj adj., LaL divlnns, cf. 0,Fr. divTn, 
devin; dwine, Ljdg. m. p. 95 ; devine 233. 

[diviiien], devinen, v., O.Fr, devTner, Lat, 
dhinare^ divine^ prophecy j interpret : it is 
nought goode a sloping hounde to wake, ne 
yeve a ^^ ight a c^use to devine Ch. Tro. iii. 
715 ; he wole devine sopne Langl. .ffxiii. 98 ; 
Trev, L 159; IV. 385 ; Daniel of hire un- 
doiriRC devined {pret,) and seide Langl. 

dlvminge, sb-, divination, TREV. III. 57; 
Ch. Bokt. V, 3 (157). 
[divinerease], devmeresse, sb., a female 
diinner*, thou we nest ben agi'ete devineresse 
Ch. Tro. v, 1535. 

divinite, sb., O.Fr. divinity ; divinity ^ P. L. S. 
XV ii. 237. 

[divinour], devinour, sb., 0,Fr. devineor; 
diviner^ VVicl. niim. xxii. 5. 

divisen, sec deviaen, 

division, sh., CKFr, division ; division^ Ch. 
C. T. -^/ 3476; Gaw. I. 30; divisiouns (//.) 
LiDG. M. P- S9 ; devisiouns CH. ASTR. i. 8 (6). 

divors, sb., O.Fr. divorce, Lat. dlvortium; 
divorce^ Trev. I. 251 ; be ech man war bat 
he procure no fa Is devours WiCL. S. W. Ill, 
192 ; divorces (//.) Langl. B\\. 75. 

do, see d&. 

dob ben, s^e dubben* doble, see duble. 

doc, dok, sb,, O.M. dockr; tail, Gaw. 191. 

docke^ sb.j OM^ docce; dock (plant), Ch. 
Tro. iv. 461 ; saur(e) dokke sour dock, 
' sur€l{l)i^ rede d(jkke ^parel(l)e^ VOC 162. 

docken, v., dock^ cut short; dokkin ^decurto' 
Pk. p. 126; dockc WiCL. E. w. 430; his 
top was docked [dokked] Ch. C. T. A 590. 

doctour, sb., 0,Fk doctur ; doctor, Ch. C. t. 
A 4\\. 

doctrine, sb., O.Fr. doctrine; doctrine, 

ManD. 167 ; Ch. ASTR. PROL. (2). 

dodden, v.^ shm^e, clip : ^e shulen dodde 
['uUomled/tis"] W'ICL. LEV. xix. 27; dodde]? 
{pres.} V. s. 192 ; doddid (pple.) PR. P. 125 ; 
idodded A. R. 422. 
doddunge, sb., shavings A.R. 14. 

doder, ^\t.^—MH.G. toter; dodder (a plant), 
REL* L 37 f ^cusiUfa' VOC. (W.W.) 577. 

doel, sb., O.Fr. doel, duel, deul, from Lat. 
(cor-)doljum, c/.prov.Eng. cmdSc, dool, dule; 
grief tHourmni[, AhlS, 5121 ; Mand. 202; 
deol Langl. ^iv. 216 (doel ^v. 386); doel, 
dol, duel, dul, del Will. 564. 781, 1510, 1909, 
2757 ; doel [duil, dcol, deilj WiCL. 2 kings 
xJv. 2 ; duel SPEC 34 ; deol HORN (L.) 1048 ; 
Rob. 166; dool Degr. 1736. 
deol-fiil, adj., doleful, Laj. 6901*; dul-, 
delfui Gaw. 560, 1517. 



dulful-liohe, adv., dolefully, P. L. S. xxiv. 

219. 
dd;, see dft^. 
dogerel, adj., doggerel : rim dogerel Ch. C. t. 

J92115. 

d03e]?e, see du^e'Se. 
dogge, sb., O.E. docga, = M.Du. dogghe; dog, 

* canis,^ VOC. 187 ; PR. P. 125 ; A. R. 290 ; ROB. 

69 ; Will. 46 ; Mand. 66 ; Ch. C. t. £ 2014 ; 

doggen (pL) P. s. 239; ^^;»/. band-, helle* 

dogge. 
doggid, adj., dogged, P. s. 199; so dogget 

(base) a dede D. Troy 10379. 
dogged-liohe, adv., doggedly, Fer. 1289; 

doggedi {meanly) had done D. TROY 13071. 
doggisch, adj., doggish ; doggiBohe (dot. m.) 

WiCL. ecclus. xii. 22*. 
dohter, sb., O.E. dohtor, = aZ.(7. dohtar 

dohtor, dohter, O.Fris. dochter, 0.N, dottir, 

Goth, dauhtar, O.H.G. tohter. Or. dvydrtip; 

daughter, Kath. 74; (»w. dohhterr) Orm. 128; 

dohter, dojter, douter Laj. 142, 211, 3018; 

do3ter ayenb. 26; dogter gen. & ex. 1646; 

doghter PR. c. 2130; doghtirEGL. 58; doubter 

FRAG. 8 ; A. R. 54 ; doubter, douther, dowter 

Hav. 120, 258, 2b67; doubter, doubter c L. 

301, 347; doujter Bek. 22; dowter GEN. & 

EX. 1847 ; doughter, doutir, doster PR. P. 129; 

dojter, doster Horn (L.) 249, 697 ; douter 

AN. LIT. 10; doftir (Pdostir) B. DISC. 689; 

doubter (gen) Will. 3152; doster [dohter] 

LA3. 2982 ; his dohtres raed Sax. chr. 254 ; 

dohter, dochter, docter (dot.) Laj. 3368, 

3373> 3433 ; douter REL. 1. 184 ; dohter (pi) 

Lk. xxiii. 28; dohtere, dohtren [dohtres] 

Laj. 2924, 24509 ; douhtren, doujtren c L. 

289; dohtren (? dehtren) H. M. 19; dehtren 

HOM. I. 247 ; CHR. E. 545 ; dejter A. P. ii. 

270; dohtres Orm. 6383; douhtres Hav. 

350 ; dohter, dohtrenne [dohteme] (gen. pi). 

Laj. 2689, 2701 ; dohtren {dat.pl.) LK. i. 5 ; 

Laj. 3085 ; comp. god-, steop-dohter. 
doughter-lea, adj., Gow. III. 305. 
dohti, see duhtij. 
dok, see doc. doke, see duke, 
doket, sb., ffrom doo ; frag, clout,TowsL.3i3. 
doket% sb., O.Fr. ducat ; ducat (a coin) ; do- 

kettlB (pi.) SACR. 315. 
del, see dul and doel. dol, see d»L 
dole, sb., ulcer, f wound; dole sor and blein 

GEN. & EX. 3027 ; wi^ute knotte and dolke 

A. R. 2. 

dole, see d&le. 

dolfin, sb., O.Fr. ? doulphin, cf. Prov. dalfin, 

from Lat. delphlnus ; dolphin, Degr. 1038. 

[dolken P comp. for-dolken.] 

doUen, see dullen. 

dolour, sb., O.Fr. dolour, dolur; grief, MISC. 

212; s. s. (Web.) 1270; Fer. 2175; dolur 

LEG. 72. 



\ 



Digitized by 



Google 



dom. 



dorc. 



m 



dom, sb., 0,E, ddm, = O.L.G., OJ^ris, d5m, 
0,N, domr, Goth, doms, OM.G, tuom, mod. 
Eng, doom ; judgment^ decision^ decree; au- 
thority^ Orm. 1472; (XL. 491; Hav. 2487; 
Will. 1220; WicL. gen. xviii. 19; )>e dom 
. . . ne lest he nawiht longe hom. I. 169; 
bat rihtne dom us jive wolde O. & N 1692 ; 
pen dom Rob. 337 ; ))ane laste dom ayenb. 
74 ; domes {gen,) o. & N. 1695 ; domes dsai 
Laj. 24274 ; domes dai R. s. iv ; domes man 
doomsman (judge) A. R. 156; Langl. B xix. 
302 ; Trev. IV. 49 ; dome (dat,) o. & N. 179; 
mid unimete dome heo ferden ut of Rome 
Laj. 9228 ; imong ))issen dome daed iwar^ |>e 
gode king 15064; fe dai of dome PR. C 1859; 
d.dme8 (pi.) hom. I. 103; Laj. 7221; ))ah 
))ine domes deme beon Marh. 8; comp, 
alder-, cristen-, eorl-, fr§o-, hdSen-, hftli-, 
kine-, king-, martir-, p&pe-, riohe-, }>Sow-, 
wis-dom ; dertv. ddmen. 
dom-htiSy sb., judgment-hall : dome-howse 
^pretoriuni* PR. p. 126. 
ddm-k§te, adj., swift of judgment^ HOM. II. 
83. 

dom-plaoe, sb., place of judgment^ * forum* : 
he disputide in the sinagoge . . . and ... in 
the chepinge or domplace WiCL. deeds xvii. 
17 ; xvi. 19. 

dom-seotel, sb., O.E. domsetl ; judgment 
seat, Jul. 55. 
dom-sto^ sb., judgment-seat^ A. R. 306. 

domb, see dumb. 

dominacioiin, sb., Fr. domination; domi- 
nation, Ch. C. T. ^3409. 

domlen, v., be dull or cloudy; domland 
ipple.) PR. c. 1443. 

dompen, see dumpen. domping, see dop- 
pin^. don, see dun. 

don, v., 0,E. ddny = 0,L.G. don, doan, duan, 
duon, 0,Fris. dua, 0,H,G, tuon ; do, Kath. 
784 ; A;. R. 16 ; Mand. 3; J)e sculde ))as emde 
don Laj. 1421 ; don on don^ put on 1701 ; 
hann don hom. I. 213; don hire schome 
H. M. 17 ; don t(o) understandin Orm. 3067 ; 
don (commit) sunne Misc. 72; to de)>e don 
(put) CHR. E. 908; Alis. 730; he scholde 
... in strong warde him do (put) Bek. 379 ; 
do (commit) })eof))e 396; schame do 1488; 
he ssel do a wai be brondes ayenb. 205 ; 
do bote Will. 1378 ; shal do (make) ^ no5t 
drede Langl. B\x^ 153; J)ei schule of do 
her clo|)es Trev. IV. 1 ; to donne Kath. 
2201 ; A. R. 6 ; Orm. 2949 ; what him weore 
to donne [donde] LA5. 4769 ; to done Bek. 
248 ; i have to done Jos. 161 ; what is best 
to done Ch. C. t. -4 3544; to donde Misa 
193; d6 (pres,) A. R. 200; ich do |>e wel to 
witene LA3. 3163; dest LA5. 131 54; Kath. 
754; A. R. 124; SPEC. 104; Shor. 96; 
AYENB. 129; ))at fruit )>at )>ou dest bere leg. 
6; dest, dost o. & N. 49, 237, 321 ; dost Orm. 
5258; de^A.R.174; dej> HOM. 11.27; FRAG. 



7; P. L. s. viii. 11; Rob. 321; ayenb. 5; 
de^ [do))] LA5. 674; dej), do)) O. & N. 156, 
564 ; he dej) [do))] me gret wo C L. 899 ; do|^ 
Orm. 1042 ; bet heo heolden heore wui^ing 
dei bene we do¥ hom. I. 9 ; we do^ sunne 55 ; 
5e do^ La^. 1434; heo do^ A. R. 328; gret 
harm heo me do^ C L. 896 ; ne do ))u fjeof^^e 
HOM. I. 13; do sei me Jul. 41 ; do nim ))e 
wreche R. S. ii. (misc. 162) ; do of ¥in son 
gen. & EX. 2781 ; don (=do on) bin helm 
FER.460; dof(=doof)WiLL. 2343; do (mahe) 
me love |)e so SPEC 71 ; do out all ))05tes 
AYENB. 210 ; do a wei ))i maumetes Jos. 102 ; 
do me sikemesse )>er to 623 ; qvoth Ubbe 
doth him swij)e fete Hav. 2037 ; ))at ich do 
ham wur^schipe Kath. 506 ; doende (pple.) 
Mat. xxiv. 46; doinde ayenb. 194; diide 
(pret.) A. R. 102 ; o. & N. 1637 ; Bek. 1050; 
he dude him on |>e wei P. L. s. xil 119; 
he dude to dethe Will. 3427; dude heom 
to understonde Mlsa 86; dude [dede] LA5. 
431; dude [dide] Kath. 1552; dide [dede] 
Ch. C. t. a 2262 ; dede ayenb. 7S ; IsuM. 
67 ; dede mankinde bote gen. & EX. 24 ; 
god dede (caused) ^at he on swevene cam 
224 ; alle ))e Englis dede he swere Hav. 254 ; 
he . . . dede him on gate Will. 1119 ; dudest 
A. R. 306 ; deodest [dudest] La^. 2294 ; duden 
A. R. 330; and duden hine 1 benden (r. bende) 
La^. 31011; duden of elates 16759; heore 
brugge heo duden a dun 19242; diden 
Orm. 429 ; and hi swa diden Sax. chr. 250 ; 
))ei diden dedli sinne Langl. ^xiv. 78; he 
deden hem binden gen. & ex. 2193 ; ^^ V^^ 
heste dude forleten H. H. 169 (171); don 
(pple.) Orm. 237 ; K. T. 813 ; he ben don ut 
of paradis GEN. & ex. 381 ; don [doon] Ch. C. 
T. A 2092 ; comp. bl-, for-, je-, to-, un-don ; 
denv. ddde. 

[ddere, sb., doery comp. god-, mis-, uvel- 
doere.] 
doinge, sb., doing, Trev. I. 27. 

donat, sb., Lat, Donatus ; a grammar; ele- 
mentary book of instruction-. Donat and 
Dindimus Gow. II. 90; PR. p. 126; donet 
s. s. (Web.) 179; Langl, ^v. 209. 

donge, see dunge. 

dongeon, donjoun, sb., O.Fr, dongon, don- 
jon ; dungeon, Ch. C. t. A 1057 ; dungun, 
dongeon Langl. A prol. 15, i9 prol. 15; 
dongoun Fer. 2301 ; A. P. ii. 1224. 

donken, v., moisten \ donke]' (pres.) spec. 
44; donkande (pple.) Gaw (;i9; donkit 
(pret.) D. Troy 9639. 
donkingre, sb., moisture, D. Arth. 3249. 

doppar, sb. ; cf. doupar; didapper, ^mer^ 
gulus* PR. P. 127. 

dopi>e, sb., fO.E. (dufe-)doppa ; f sea gull, 
^xis. 5776 ; comp, ddve-doppe. 

dopping, sb., the dabchick ; doppinges (1/. r. 
dompinges) (pi.) Langl. Cxiv. 169. 

dorOi see dearo. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lf% 



dord. 



dozeine. 



dordi sb,, fttthiy : dordus (//.) ' serum ' VOC 

dore, sb., O.E. dora, ?= Du, tor ; dor (beetle) ; 

dorren {pi.) Ar. & Mer. 6428. 
dore^ ^^^ dure, 
Dorkcestre, sb., t>./i\ Dorca ceaster; 2?^r- 

ch^sivr, F. L. S. xiii- 36; Dorchestre ROB. 2. 

Dorohastre-a^ten, sb., pi., inhabitants of 

DonhtrsUr^ La?. 29615. 
dorlot^ sb.^ tAZ-V. dorclot, dorlot; ornament 
/{fT a T^ifffififi's i/fvss ; dorlott * trica, calien- 

drum ' PR. l\ 127 ; vair dorilot AYENB. 177. 
dorniant, adj., Jixcdi his table dormant in 

his halle a I way stood redi covered al the 

long dai Ch. C. t. A 353 ; table dormounte 

llALLiw. 311. 
dormous, sb.j dormouse , ^gH^i voa 220; 

PR. r. 1 2;. 
dome n J v., deceive ; Jier husbondes )>ei wil 

so dome S. & C 11. Ivii. 
Dorsete, pr. n.^ O.E. Dorsiete; DorsStan, 

Dorsietum {dat,)\ Dorset, LA3. 21014; o. & N. 

1753- 
dortour, sb., O.Fr. dortoir; dormitory^ PL, 

CR. 211 ; Ch. t. T. /J 1855. 
dose, see duBc. 
doseper, sb,^ c^./V. cjouze pairs (//.) ; oneofthe 

twelve peers ; champion ; ferst they sent out 

a doseper in blake artnes OCTOV. (W.) 949 ; 

RiCHD, 9; jnne Franse weren italde twelfe 

iferanj fkc Freinsce heocleopeden dusze pers 

ipL) Mrt. /jfjt'^ doss epe res) LA5. 1623; dosse 

piers of France Ron. 1S8; dozepers Halliw. 

315; dure pers Man. (H.) 81; duseperis 

ANT. Ar. 22; D, Arth. 66; dusseperez 

2029. 
dosil, sb., O.Fr. dosil, dousil, dusil; spigot, 
faucet \ dosille voa 198 ; dosele [doseil] S. S. 

(Web.) 1150; doaile (pL) Rob. 542. 
doiser, sb., Fr. dossier; pannier, basket', 

docer, dorcer I'R. ?. 125, 127; doser Gaw. 

478 ; doiBors {pL} Ch. h. f. 1940. 
dotage, sb.^ dotage^ Ch. C. t. A 3898 ; a. p. 

ij. 1425. 
dotaxd, sb.j dotard, Ch. C. t. -O331; do- 

tardes (//.) PL. CR. H25. 
d6t«, adj., doling, foolish, REL. 1. 184; TrIST. 

1912 ; Bev. 317 ; doote YORK xxxv. 5. 
dotal, sb,,= dotard: jienne ))e dotel on dece 

drank J»at he mi^t A. P. ii. 1517. 
doteren, v., > ^ totiren ; totter; dotur AV. 

Arth. xvi; fie due dotered (pret,) to J>e 

ground DE(jR. nog. 
ddtien, Y.^—Af.Du. doten O.Fr, (re-)doter; 

doIe\ dotie Laj. 3294; doton * deliro, de- 

sipio' PR. P. 128; doten [dote] Ch. C. T. 

G 9S3 ; dote lud. Gov. 98 ; AV. Arth. xvi ; 

dotett ipres.) Langl. A\, 129; dotes tu 

Kath. 211 1 ; he dotes PR. c. 785 ; J)ei dote)) 

Trev, IV. 403; dbtL© (subj) A. R. 224; he 



dared as d6ted (pple) man Will. 4055; 

doted and dased L. H. R. 216; comp. a- 

ddtien. 
dottipoly sb., cf dodden and pel ; baldhead : 

fi, dottipols, with youre bookes Townl. 145. 
dou, see d&3. 
douaire, sb., 0,Fr, doaire ; dower, Ch. C. t. 

E 848 ; dowarie E. G. 361 ; dowere Trev. 

IV. 73 ; dower WiCL. ex. xxii. 16. 
douce, adj., 0,Fr, dols, doux, Lat, dulcis; 

sweet \ he drawes into dowcc Fraunce D. 

Arth. 1251. 
doucen, v., from douoe ; sweeten ; dowce 

L, a c. 7; PR. p. 129. 
doucet, adj., 0,Fr, doucet; sweet \ doucet 

drinkes Halliw. 313; dowcet mete ^ dul- 

ceum^ PR. p. 128. 
doucette, sb., a sweet pie or' custard \ dou- 

oettes (//.) B. B. 60 ; dowcetes 148. 
doucette^, sb., a musical instrument : to pipe 

both in doucet and in riede Ch. h. f. 1220. 
doude, sb., slut, Man. (F.) 11255 ; if she be 

never so foule a dowde Townl. 312. 
douen, v., 0,Fr, doner, doer ; endow ; dowe 

WiCL. ex. xxii. 16; dowe [douwe] LangL 

Civ. 322 ; dtied {pret,) PL. CR. 1528. 
dowinge, sb., endowment^ WiCL. S. w. HI. 

171; Trev. III. 37. 
doubter, douhter, see dohter. 
dou^ti, douhti, see duhti^. 
douken, see duken. 
doul, see duveL 
doun, see dtuou 
doiinen, v., fO*N, deyna; smell: swet to 

downen {ms, dowwnenn) Orm. 6745. 
doupar, sb. ; cf doppar and dopping ; the 

dabchick'. dowpar, brid [dooper, H.] * fnergus* 

PR. P. 129. 
doureiiy v.,=L,Ger, duren, M.H.G. turen; 

f grieve; doured (pret.) A. P. iii. 372. 
douse, sh,,=fM,Du, duise (concubina) ; har- 
lot, SPEC. Ill ; dowse Townl. 104. 
dousour, sb., 0,Fr, dul^or, dou^or; sweet- 

ness : now for singlerti o hir dousour we call 

her fenix of Arrabi A. P. i. 429. 
doust, see dust, doute, see dtite. 
douve, see dtive. 
douvre, sb., O.Fr. douvre (foss/, canal); 

rabbit-warren; douwere * cuniculus^ PR. P. 

128. 
D6vere, pr. n., / 0,E. Dofere (dat. Doferan) ; 

Dover, Hav. 139; Man. (F.) 4335 ; Dovere, 

Dovre Laj. 7415, 8583. 
dowen, see douen and du^en. 
dowrie, sb.,=doualre; dowry: disherite & 

deprive dowrie of widoes A. P. ii. 185 ; Man. 

(H.) 151 ; doure PR. P. 128. 
dozeine, sb., O.Fr, dozaine; dozen, Langl. 

B iv. 37 ; Ch. C. t. A S7^- 



Digitized by 



Google 



"^ drabelen. 



dragoiin. 



173 



drabelen, see dravelen. 
dned, sb., dready terror \ dred, drede A. R. 
6, 364 ; 1 )>on castle wes muchel dred [drede] 
La). 1682; heo hefden muchele drede 
2088 ; he hadde of water dred GEN. & EX. 
660; drede hom. II. 71; misc. 193; Hav. 
828; Rob. 337; AYENB. 32; Langl. Bw'u 
85; Ch. C. t. ^680; Rich. 5515; pr. c. 
5263 ; hwone hit is aire mest on drede O. & N. 
684 ; drade Alis. 5740. 
dred-fiil, adj., dreadful^ A. R. 302; C L. 
454 ; H. H. 200 (202) ; dredvol ayenb. 14. 

dr§dftil-li, adv., dreadfully^ Langl. B 
xvii. 62. 

dred-lde, adj., dreadless^ Gaw. 2334 ; PL. CR. 
524. 

dred-Uch, adj., terrible, A. R. 58; dr§dliohe 
(adv.) HOM. I. 14. 

dridnesse, sb., terror, HOM. I. 235 ; Jul. 
69. 

drffiden, v., 0»E» dreden, (on-)draedan (pret, 
dred),= aZ.C7. (and-)dradan (pret. dred), O. 
H.G. (in-)traUn (pret. triat, triet) ; dreadyO^}A. 
1218, 5907 ; dreden hom. I. 21 ; La^. 31164 ; 
A. R. 136 ; drede Gow. I. 344 ; Langl. B xx. 
153; K.T.429; drSdest (/r^j.) Jul. 24; dredej) 
Orm. 6179; P. 47; dret Misa 95; ayenb. 
26; (hi) dredej) AYENB. 74 ; ne dred |>e noujt 
LEG. 81 ; ne drede je ow nawiht Kath. 1403; 
drtdde ipret.) Orm. 19965 ; GEN. & EX. 767; 
Shor. 49 ; dradde Bek. 127 ; Gow. I. 341 ; 
comp. an-, for-, of-drfiden. 
drfidung, sb., dreading, Orm. 5602. 
dmdi, adj., timid\ dredi GEN. & £X« 872; 
Wicl. judg. vii. 3 ; l. h. r. 140. 
drsfen, v., O.E. draefan, = 0.iV: dreifa, Goth. 
draibjan, O.H.G. treiben, Dorset dial, dreve ; 
from drifen ; drive ; drSved (pret.) A. P. i. 
979 ; comp. a-, t5-drfifen. 
dnem, see dream. 

draf, sb., cf. M.L.G., M.Du., Swed. draf, 
fn,n. O.H.G. pi. treber; draff, dregs, ^ se- 
gisterium' VOC. 233^ LA5. 29256; draffe 
Langl. J9x.ii; draf Ch. C. t. 735 ; ))et draf 
A^'ENB. 93; drof GEN. & EX. 3582; comp. 
win-drat 

draf-sak, sb., sack of dregs, Ch. C. T. A 
4306. 

drif, sb., O.E. draf,=J/./f.G^. treip; from 
driftn; drove, driving: it hiled al ¥is werldes 
drof GEN. & EX. 102 ; wij) duntes drof him al 
todraf L. H. R. 141 ; drove (dat.) WiCL. 
GEN. xviii. 7 ; drove of bestis Will. i8i. 
draft, sb^=draf ; dregs, WiCL. ps. xxxix. 3. 
dra;-, stem ^dra^en, v. 
draw(e)-brugge, sb., drawbridge^ Alls. 
1205 ; drawebrigge D. Arth. 2474. 
drage» dragge, sb., O.Fr. dragee; meslin, 
mixed corn, ^mixtilio,' PR. P. 130; dragge 
^drag&tum^ (f comfit, sweetmeat) VOC. 178; 



Pdraggds (f>l) f medicated sweeimecUs, Ch. 
Q.l.A 426 [6- text has drogges ; sve drogg©]* 

dra)en« v., O.E. dragan, = O.L.G., GoiA, 
dragan, 0,N. draga, O.Fris. draga, drega, 
M.L.G. dragen, dregen, O.H.G. tragan ; 
draw, carry, Laj, 10530; for to drajen hire 
ut of )>isse wutte HOM. I. 47 ; dragen HOM. 
II. 29; GEN. & EX. 2378; drajhen Angl. L 
9; nile i noht dra^hen upon me , . « |>at 
maht Orm. 18406; drahen, draien, dre- 
hen, dreien Kath. 33, 1193, 2237; dreaien, 
dreien, drahen hom, I. 257; draje avenb- 
12; to schupe we mote dra^e Hork (L.) 
1420; draie TOWNL. 106; dnihe, drawe 
O. & N. 1375 ; drawen A. R. 160; drawe F. s. 
153 ; Ch. C. t. a 1416 ; Wicl. John iv. 7 ; 
drawe his her P. L. S. xix. 266 ; qve)?er i wit 
riht and la we mai him wit me til helle drawe 
M. H. 56; dra^e (pres.) o. & N. 970; (hi) 
dragej), drege)) MISC 150, 151; swa dreie^ 
his erme saule in eche pme hom. I. 27 ; draJi 
(imper.) HOM. II. 149; drdh (pf^t.) Marh, 
2 ; Orm. 769 ; {«s due ... to )>are sse htm 
droh La^. 93 ; droh (was obedient) to his 
raede 9527 ; purpre and pal he droh rel. L 
1 19 ; dro3 Fl. & Bl. 683 ; Gaw, 1 1 S8 1 o^r 
folk Jnder droj ROB. 41 ; drog, drug gen. & 
EX. 1746, 2717; drogh PR. c. 2249; IsuM. 
364; Amad. (R.) xxvi; drogh [drouj, drou] 
Langl. Bxiv. 106; droj, drou^, drou, dreuj 
Wicl. ex. iv. 7, judg. v. 21, Is. x. 13 ; drouh 
A. R. 102 ; he drouh hine a bak misc. 43 ; 
drou^ ... his swerd MaRG. 309 ; to falshcde 
evere he drouj leb. Jes. 772; drouj, drou 
Will. 1068, 2208; drou Hav. 719; Ecu 
316; hu J)u dea^ drohe Kath. 2467 ; (»u . . , 
drowc me to pe frag. 8; drojen LA5. 818; 
Gaw. 1463; drojhen Orm. 8704; droh en 
Kath. 2155; drowen A. R. no; drowen 
Langl. ^xi. 330; |)e ministris . . . f>at drowen 
))e water Wicl. John ii. 9 ; dra^hen (ppie.) 
Orm. 7413; ut of latin ^is song^ is dragen 
GEN. & EX. 13 ; drain Trist. yc6 ; drauhen 
Man. (H.) 183 ; drawen Hav. 1925 ; Mand. 
40; ))ar for J)is buk es on Ingles drawen PR, C* 
336 ; comp. a-, je-, to-, wlo-drajen. 
drawere, sb., drawer, Wicl. S» w. L 193, 
drawinge, sb., drawing, p. L. S. xxL 133, 

di^&gS^9 ^^^ dragg. 

draggiiiy v., cf. Swed. dragga; drag^ PR. p. 130. 

dragme, sb., O.Fr. drame, dragme,y/-i??w Lat^ 
drachma. Gr. dpaxfirf ; dram (weighty measure ^ 
coin), WICL. Lk. XV. 8 ; drame PR. P. 
130; three hundrid dragmes (pi.) of silver 
Wicl. 2 Mac iv. 19. 

dragonce, sb., Lat. dracontium; serpentine 
(herb), REL. I. 301 ; dragaunce PR. P. 1 30 ; 
dragauns VOC 256 ; dragans Halliw. 315. 

dragonet, sb., from dragoun ; a ymmg dra* 
gon : that signifieth the dragonet Alis* 602- 

dragoiin, sb., O.Fr. dragon ; dragan^ Maru, 
158 ; dragun gen. & ex. 2924 



Digitized by 



Google 



174 



dra^fe. 



djfa^tie, sb., ?^draht, ayenb. 251. 

draheii, s^e dra^en. 

draht, sh.f^MM.G. dracht/, O.N. drattr m.s 

from dra^en ; drauk^ht^ pull; load\ current 
o/air; drmke^ a draht uoM. II. 199; to be is 
al mi draucht 256 ; agen he maden here aragt 
GEN. & EX. 3745 ; draght [drajt] C. M. 21266 ; 
i wolde have drawe the same draught (move 
in cht^is) Ch. IJ* Bl. 682 ; a draught [drauht, 
rirau^t] of win C. T, j4 396 ; draut (wj. drawte) 
VK. J'. 131 ; a ]>an vorme drahte swi¥(e) 
monie he ilahte LA3. 29259; drahtes {pi.) 
P. s. 153^ drau5tes as mc drawe[) in poudre 
P h. S. XV ii. 325 ; dra\ve draghtes and (here) 
berjrenes Halliw, 315. 

drauh^t-brlgge, sb., draw-bridge^ Man. 
(Hv) 1S3; drautbi-iggc PR. P. 131 ; drajt- 
brigge Ff.k. 1113, 
drant-welle, sb., draw-well^ PR. P. 131. 

drai, stt:^ derai. 

drake, sb., O.E. draca^ from Lat. draco ; 
dragon, Orm. i S43 ; K. s. v ; GEN. & EX. 283 ; 
K. T, 40S; M. Artk. 2607; drdken (gen) 
La?. 17S76; be drake heaved A. R. 246; 
dr^ken {pL) LA5. 15935 ; ^^^ dragoun. 

drake-, sb.,^Z.,fj\ drake, M.L.G. antdrake, 
OM.G. atitrache : drul-e. Hav. 1241 ; Ch. C. 
T, ^^3576; dnikea (//.) SPEC. 44; comp. 
achel-drdke. 

drdne, sb,, O.E. dran, dracn, cf. O.L.G. ♦dran 
{pi. drani), N.L.G. drone/, O.H.G.trenom.j 
drornf^ 'fuiUs^* PR. P. 130; VOC. 1 77; LiDG. 
M. P. 1 54 : J?a drane Sax. chr. 256 ; dro(ne) 
FRAG. 3 ; dr^neB (pi.) PL. CR. 726. 

draper, sb.j O.Fr. drapier; draper, Langl. 
Cvii. 250. 

draperie, sb,, O.Fr. draperie ; drapery , rel. 
IL 175; (P, L. s. xxKJv. 11). 

drappen^ v.^^droppen; drop, sink\ neigh 
to dede we gan drappe OCTOV. (W.) 567. 

drastd, drastic se€ dreate^ drestL 

draujt, dxauht, s^e draht. 

drank, sb. , ^ M.Du . d rav i ck ; weed,^ zizanium^ 
voa 265; PR, p. 130; REL. II. 80; drauc 
{ prinM d^x^vic) M. M. 152. 

dravelen, w^^L.G. drabeln; drivel, slaver, 
talk fvidiskly \ jsei don but dravele J>er on 
I-ANGL. j4 xi, n ; [drevcle, drivele Byi, ll] ; 
drinken and drivden [dravelen] B th. ^i (W. 
56S3); drabclin PR- P, 129; draveled (/r(f/.) 
Gaw. 1750; draveied {pple.) P. 55; comp. 
bl-dravelen. 

drawe briigge, see Ufidi:r dra^-. 

drawen, s^e dra^en. 

dream, sb., O.E. dream (song, delighi),= 
O^L.G. drom (dream, ftcisiing), O.Fris. dram, 
O.N. draumr, O.H.G. iraum, troum (dream), 
mod^Eng. dream; sound, music; dream, 
Kath, 1498 ; A. R, 210 ; bu iherdest J)ene 
dream FRAG, 7 ; englcne oream H. M. 19; 
dream, dr^m^ drem La^. ioio, 14286, 24554; 



draem Orm. 923; drem Bev. 1339; Alis.' 
(Sk.) 781 ; Al. (T.) 487; ))e bemene drem 
HOM. II. 115 ; )>e drem ... of harpe and pipe 
O. & N. 21 ; belles (? belle) drem rel. I. 223 ; 
dreem SPEC 7; drem dream gen. & EX. 
2095 ; Hav. 1284 ; Gow. 1. 24 ; pr. c. 8076 ; 
mid tc dredful dreame of )>e englene bemen 
A. R. 214; mid fulle dreme o. & N. 314; 
drdmes (pi.) FRAG. 7 ; dremen (dot. pi) La^. 
22876 ; comp. belle-, gleo-, man-drlam* 
drem-redere, sb., interpreter of dreofns^ 
Trev. hi. 143; dreemreder WiCL. GEN. xL 
23. 

drecche, sb., f delay, dreche Halliw. 317; 
drechch(e) Gaw. 1972. 

drecchen, v.,a£'. dreccan,= J/./f.G^. trecken; 
(f draw), harass, delay ; drechen GEN. & 
EX. 1420; drecche Fer. 1997; Gow. II. 5 ; 
Ch. Tro. ii. 1264 ; p. r. l. p. 85 ; ac Sathanas 
f>e frecche J)e saule wule drecche (afflict) misc. 
75; drecoheJ>(/rtfj.)SPEC.ii3; PL.CR.504; 
wiles he drecched (tarries) ¥ore REL. I. 211 
(misc. 4) ; (ha) drecche^ hom. 1. 251 ; dreoche 
(subj.) R. s. ii (misc. 162) ; if it so betide )>is 
night J)at J>e in slepe dreche ani wight Iw. 
480 ; drecchand (ppie.) PS. cviii. 10 ; drailite 
(pret.) Alis.* (Sk.) 752; r^mr/.. ^e-dreochen. 
dreochunge, sb., harassing, delay, H. M. 7 ; 
drecchinge Fer. 493 ; Gow. 218. 

dredy dreden, dredi, see dr&d, drSden, 
dxffidi. 

dref, sb. (?or2A].),=O.H.G. truobi; f trouble-, 
for=O.H.G. truobi; painful', idolatrie ut- 
wrogte hem sorges dref GEN. & EX. 4144. 
dref-Ail, adj., sorrowful: dreful and ble^ 

GEN. & EX. 2590. 

dreffiQ-li, adv., sorrowfully, Halliw. 317. 

drefen, v., O.E. drefan, = 0./f.G^. truoben, 
Goth, drobjan ; from drof ; trouble, disturb ; 
dreven HOM. II. 195 ; ic and Eve sulen alle 
^h)is blisse dreve GEN. & EX. 318; dreveS 
(pres.) REL. 1. 220 ; drefed (pple.) Orm. 147 ; 
comp. for-, ^e-drefen. 

dreg, sb., O.N. dregg /, = Swed. dragg nt. ; 
dregs, PS. xxxbc. 3 ; dregges (pi.) VOC. 198 ; 
Langl. ^xix. 397 ; dreggis PR. P. 131. 

dre^, adj., O.N. driug^, prov.Eng. dree ; 
from dreo^en; long; tedious; patient, Ga'W. 
1750; dri^e 724; dre^, drei^, drih HOM. II. 
49, 256, 258 ; his moder leof and dri^e LEG. 
38 ; bi a river brode and dreghe Halliw. 
317; on dreghe, at a distance, D. Arth. 
786 ; drogh him o dreghe ant. Arth. xHv ; 
a drej A. P. ii. 71 ; a dreigh [drei] Man. (F.) 
1042, 6048 ; on drije Gaw. 1031 ; whi dragbes 
Jk)u on dregh why dost thou delay D. Troy 
11647; a drigh Gow. II. 46; derfe dintes 
and dre^e (pi.) Alex. 2091 ; ]>e sinnez dri^e 
A. P. i. 822 ; )k)u lovest Tristrem drei^e (adz/,) 
Trist. 3035 ; comp. un-dre;. 
dre^-li, adv., = O.N. driugliga ; at gre€U 



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drdj* 



dreori3« 



^75 



lengthy tediously^ Gaw. 1026 ; drejli, dri^li 
A. P. ii. 74, 476 ; dreli TowNL. 90 ; dreghli 
D. Troy 237§. 
dre^e, see drii^e. 

dre^e, sb., length : alle the dreghe of the daie 
D. Arth. 2915; dregh of the derke night 
D. Troy 678. 
dre^exit see dr§o^eii. 

dreggi, adj.,=5wi?^. draggig; from dreg; 
dreggy y ^faeculentus^ PR. P. 131. 
drehen« see dra^en. 

dreie, sb., ?— Swed. drdg (traha) ; dray ; dreie 
fr^i/iiiiTTREV. 111. 145. 
dieien, see dra^en. drem, see dr§am. 
dreight, s\y,yJrom drSj, adj., length : the dai 
of fe dieight (the longest day) drivin uppo 
long D. Troy 10633. 

dremelB, sb., dream, Langl. A viii. 138. 
dremen, v., O.E, dreman, dry man {be joyful), 
=" 0,N, dreyma, O.H.G, troumen (dream), 
mod.Eng, dream ; from dream ; sound, re- 
sound, sing aloud; dream ; heogunnen dremen 
LA5. 13586; harpen gunnen dremen 22885 J 
dremen (dream) gen. & EX. 2067 ; dreme 
(pres,) Gow. I. 281 ; miirie dreamed engles 
HOM. I. 191 ; )>et ower beoden . , . dreamen 
wel ine drihtenes earen A. R. 430 ; a selkuth 
drem drSmde (pret,) me nou Ha v. 1284; 
him drempte gen. & EX. 1941 ; Jieines )>er 
dremden Laj. 11575. 

dremere, sb., 0,E, dremere (musician), = 
O.H,G, troumari (dreamer) ; dreamer, WiCL. 
GEN. xxxvii. 19; dremarc * somniator* PR. P. 
131; dremer CM. 4111. 
dr§minge9 sb., dreaming, ^ sompniado^ 
PR. P. 131 ; to hir he tolde of his dremeing 
S. s. (Web.) 3089. 

drench, sb., 0,E. drenc, cf O.L.G. dranc, O. 
H,G, tranch m., Goth, dragk «., mod.En^. 
drench ',from drinken ; drink, potion, R. s. 1 ; 
drench, drsnc La^. 10234, 16084 ; drench, 
drenche ROB. 68, 69; drenohe (dat.) MISC. 
82; Horn (H.) 1199; drenches (gen.) Laj. 
1975s; drenche (gen. pi.) Laj. 19759. 
drenchen, v., O.E. drencan (pret. drencte), 
O.Fri5. drenka, O.N. drekkja, O.H.G. tren- 
chen, Goth, dragkjan, modEng. drench ; 
drown, plunge in water, LA3. 1 507 ; H AV. 
583 ; ich wille me drenchen in )ie welle S. S. 
(Web.) 1464 ; i schal drenchen in J)e depe 
Ch. C. t. -5 455 ; drenche O. & N. 1205 ; 
Langl. jPviii. 50; Gow. III. 295; heo let 
... drenche bobe two RoB. 27 ; i schal drenche 
mm arewis in olood ^inebriabo sagittas meas 
ja«^/w'] WICL.DEUT. xxxii. 42; to*drench- 
endeHOM.II.39; drengte (/r^/.) La^ 12111; 
dreinte p. S.217; Man. (F.) 2008; dreint 
(pple.) Rob. 52 ; Gow. III. 10; idreint Ch. 
C. T. A 3520 ; comp. a-, for-drenchen, 
drenching, sb., drowning, Trev. III. 395 ; 
WiCL. s. w. III. 158. 



dreng, sb., O.E. dreng, ffrom O.N. drengr ; 
warrior, man (male person), H AV. 31 ; drmg 
La^. 12713; C. M. 15414; dringen (dat.pl.) 
La^. 12933; comp. here-dring. 

dremen, v., (^.£'.drehnian,*=J/./AC7. trehenen 
(from trahen drop, tear); strain out: ^e 
dbrenietS i^pres.) )>anne (r. )>ane) gnet a weig 
Mat. xxiii. 24. 

drenklen, see drinklen. 

dreo^en, v., O.E. dreogan (accomplish, carry 
through, suffer) cf. O.L.G. (bi-)driogan (de- 
ceive), Goth, driugan (orparewcr^ni), O.H.G. 
triugan (deceive); endure; carry through to 
the end, accomplish, P. L, s. viii. 145 ; driejen 
Angl. 1. 24 ; dregen GEN. & EX. 512 ; drejhen 
eche )>ine Orm. 1505; dreiien, driasn frag. 
6, 8 ; drehen Kath. 626; dea^ drehen Jul. 
7 ; pine to )>olie ant dre^e SPEC. 62 ; fat ^u 
ne mist ))is foreward holde ne dre^e 105 ; dreye 
Horn (R.) 1047 (H. 1078); drei m. h. 59; 
dree IsUM. 379 ; dri3en, drien [drejen] LA5. 
370, 6228 ; drighe, drejfhe PR. a 2044, 2235 ; 
drije Gaw. 560 ; a. p. li. 372 ; drien A. R. 80 ; 
drie Marg. 34 ; Will. 459 ; R. R. 7484 ; K. 
T. 235 ; he smot as faste as he might drie 
Halliw. 318; penance for to drie P. 27; 
drie (pres^ Hickes I. 228; Degr. 560; 
drih^ A. R. 356 ; ))a sunfuUe monne J)e drejeS 
(perform) a heore uvele werkes HOM. 1. 23 ; 
kit man his licames lust drige (satisfy) HOM. 
II. 31; dreg (pret.) GEN. & EX. 429; drej 
Al. (T.) 337 ; be sorewe \?X he drej (f printed 
dregh) s. s. (web.) 2660; dreih A. R. 136; 
drei^h, drei Will. 2796, 2864; al ))at ha 
druhen [drehden] Kath. 628; drdgen (pple.) 
GEN. & EX. 2402 ; comp. a-, ^e-dreo^en ; 
deriv. drihte. 

dreopen, v., O.E. dreopan,=OJ[-.G^. driopan, 
O.Fris. driapa, O.N. driupa, O.H.G. triufan ; 
drip\ drepe LUD. Cov. 170; dreepith (pres.) 
Li DO. M. P. 161 ; deriv. drope, drippe. 

dreori^, drerij, adj., O.E. dreorig,= O.H.G. 
trureg; from dreosen; dreary, sad, Orm. 
4752, 4838; dreori ^moestus* tkag. 4; rel. 
I. 178 ; ich am dreori Marh. 15 ; dreori JKJjt 
Bek. 1273 ; dreori fustes A. R. 106 ; of dreori 
mod(e) spec. 70 ; dreri Kath. 2049 ; Ch. C. 
T. ^ 514 ; PR. c. 791 ; Isum. 125 ; av. Arth. 
Ixvi ;• dreri, druri WiCL. 2 Esdr. ii. 2 ; heo 
weoren ... an heorte druri [dreri] LA3. 14547 ; 
druri Em. 808 ; a. p. i. 323 ; drerier (comp.) 
WiCL. GEN. xl. 7. 
driri-hed, sh.,= O.I/.G. truregheit; dreari- 
ness, sadness, GEN. & EX. 11 22. 
dreori-, dreri-liohe, adv., drearily, Kath. 
1898, 2316 ; dreriliche LEG. 173. 
dreri^-mod, adj., O.E. dreorigmod; sad- 
minded, Orm. 6541 ; drerimod an. lit. 6 ; 
Angl, IV. 199; dmrimod Fer. 1103. 
dreorinesse, sb., O.E. dreorigness ; dreari" 
ness; drerinesse [^ tristitia'] WiCL. ECCLUS, 
iv. 8. 



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X7fi 



dreosen. 



drihten. 



[dreo£©iit v., O.E. dreosan,^ 0,L.G. driosan, 
Goih, driiisan, /iiii\ comp. je-, td-dreosen; 
deriv. dreori^.] 

drepen, v., 0,E, drepan,=O.A'l drepa, O.H, 
G, trefan ; sink€, beat^ HOM. I. 28i ; Hav. 
1865 ; drepe D. TkOY 9854 ; drepeS (pres,) 
EEL. I. 221 ; drcpei A. P. ii. 246 ; drap (Pret,) 
Map 343; drop Hav. 2229; drapen Sax. 
CHR. 262; drape PS, xciii. 6; drdpe {subj,) 
Hav» 506 ; dropen ipple,) GEN. & EX. 2648. 
dreping, sb., smftmg, killing'. )>er was swilk 
dreping of )je folk Hav. 2684. 

drepen, v., O.E, drypan, = O.N, dreypa, 
AfJ/.G. troafen^ troufen ; besprinkle ; heom 
me dfepe^ {pres.) mid )ie piche MISC. 151 ; 
and elles where hem drii>e \imper,) Pall. ii. 
277. 

drepen, se^ dreopan* dreriy see drSori^. 

dreried, adj^./rr^wrdreori^; saddened^wretch- 
ed ; alle daj drericd i in went PS. xxxvii. 7. 

dreBsen, v., O.Fr. dresser, Jrom medXat. di- 
rect i are ^ from di rectus (straight) ; mod.E, 
dress \ make straight^ direct^ set in order^ 
prepare, equip; dress; direct on^s course ^ 
go : Ch. C. t. a 3468 ; dresBinge (pple.) 
WiCL. NUM. xxiv, I ; dressede {pret.) D. 
Arth. 786 ; dressed (pple.) A. P. ii. 92. 

djressinge^ sb.^ mod.Eng. dressing ; making 
straight, direiiLng^ preparing^ * direction PR. 
P. 131 ; dresatngis {pi.) WiCL. PS. xcviii. 4. 

dreBBOur, sb.^ (X/V.drecoir, drechoir; dresser^ 
itibU for prepari?ig food] dressure ^dres- 
sorium * PR. P. 131 r dressore L. C. C. 20. 

dre&te, sb., O.E, drestan, derstan, daerstan,^ 
OM.G. irestiri dngs, dross , [*faex*] WiCL. 
PS. ixjtiv. 9 ; dersten * anturca * frag. 4 ; 
drcstis PH, P. 131; drastis 'faeces* voc. 

dresti, ^d]., full of dregs, * faeculentusy PR. P. 
131 : )>i drasti [darstij speche Ch. C. T. B 
31 i3. 

drevelen, see dravelen. 

dreyen, sec dre&fen and dieien, 

dri, sb., O.E. dry ; ^tfisardy * magus^ FRAG. 2. 
dri^-craft, sb.* O.E^ dry-, dreocraeft ; magi- 
cal m% Orm. i6o53» 
drf^-maD, sb., O.E. dryman; magician, 
Orm. 16051. 

dri^f see dru^e, 

drieo, see droo^en and dru^en. 

drxfen, v., OM. drifan,= 0.iV. drifa, O.Fris. 
driva, Goth, dreiban, O.H.G. triban; drive, 
Orm. 169S2 ; drive Ch.Tro. v. 1179; gomen 
. . . driuen LA5. 24706 ; ich isaeh |)ae u)>en i 

eiTC s^ driven 28073 J drife M. H. 31 ; drive 
ElC. 197 ; toward ^ halle he gan drive S. S. 
{Web.) 967 ; dri vest (pres.) A. R. 230 ; swa 
htind J«ine beort driveJS Laj. 26762 ; ^at te 
deovel * . . drivel ow to donne JUL. 26 ; drifb 
AYiiNB. 75 ; hi drivef ibid. ; heo }>e drivep 



heonne O. & N. 66 ; )>us )>ei drive fbr]> {pass) 
|)e dai Gow. I. 16; dnve (subj.) hom. I. 
21 ; drif (imper.) Laj. 1 7613; A. R. 274; 
none cheffare ne drive je 418; drivende 
{pple.) A. R. 244 ; drftf (pret.) Marh. 8 ; 
Orm. 8260 ; draf, drof Jul. 76, jy ; Laj. 309, 
7843 (miswritten draef 9367) ; drof Bek. 675 ; 
Mand. 86 ; A. P. i. 1 1 52 ; a wind . . . drof hem 
intil Enge(l)lond Hav. 725 ; (H)avelok it sau 
and ))ider drof 1793 ; drof [droof] Ch.C.T.Z) 
1540 ; dref Man. (F.) 1590 ; )k)u drive Horn 
(R.) 1279 ; heo driven balles LA3. 24703 ; heo 
driven |arive] in to )>an castle 1675 ; driven 
Alis. 5731 ; drive Rob. 21 ; driven [dreven] 
WiCL. 2 KINGS vi. 3; dreve Rich. 5092; 
dri&n (pple.) Orm. 8239; driven Mand. 
67 ; to longe we haven driven ure dusischipes 
Kath. 1 816 ; drive Will. 979 ; dreven WiCL. 
EX. viii. 9 ; L. H. R. 68 ; comp. bl-, for-, je-, 
to-, }nirh-drifiBn ; deriv. dr&f^ drifte. 

drifer, sh., '^MX.G. driver, O.H.G. tripari; 

driver^ VOC. 213. 
drifte, sh.,= Af.Du.y AfX.G. drift, OJV. dript, 

M.H.G. trift; from drifen; drift, act of 

driving; herd, * armentum, VOC 279 ; PR. P. 

132; drift Alis'. (Sk.) 897; Jnb drift of fe 

snouh s. A. l. 221. 
dri^, see dri and dre^ dri^e, see dr(l3e« 
driven, see dreo^en and drti^en. 
drih, adj., tame^ gentle: lomb is drib and 

milde hom. 49. 
drihte, sb., O.E. dryht, driht,= OJ^rrj. drecht, 

O.L.G. druht, OJi. drott, Goth, drauhts/; 

from dreo^en ; retinue, host, Laj. 92. 
driht-fiare, sb., retinue, Kath. 1852. 
driht-folo, sb., O.E. dryhtfolc,=(?.Z.(J. 

druhtfolc; dependants, La). hi. 
driht-ftdy adj., glorious; be drihtfiile 

[sec. text kincwui^ej godd Apollo mi lauerd 

Jul. 13. 
driht-lic, adj., O.E. dryhtlic; noble\ ))is 

drihtliche lond LA3. 3784; drihtliche men 

1623. 

driht-mon, sb., vassal, La^. 147 15. 
drihtnesse, sb., majesty, hom. I. ioi ; Kath. 

1346. 
drihten, sb., O.E. dryhten, drihten,=(9.Z.^. 

drohtin, 0.-Frr>.drochten,(7.A'ldr6ttin, OJi.G. 

truhtin ; lord, HOM. I. 91 ; drihten [driste] 

Laj. 4; drihten, dristen Rel. I. 171 (Sal. & 

Sat. 227) ; drihtin Kath. 1095 ; Orm. 2 ; 

drihten rel. 1. 186 ; drijtin Gaw. 996 ; drihte, 

dricte (printed dritte), drichte (printed 

drithte) P. L. S. viii. 40, 55, 60; drihte C L. 

27 ; M. H. I ; dryhte MISC. 83 ; drijte HORN 

(L.) 1310; Shor. 61; Langl. ^xiii. ^; 

(? printed drighte) Alis. 6402; Map 348; 

drihtenes (gen.) frag. 6 ; a. r. 430 ; dnh- 

tenes, drihtnes hom. I. 11, 105; drihtene 

(dat.) Laj. 20 ; drihtene, drihtne HOM. I. 33, 

1^5. 



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drillen. 



droppen. 



177 



drillen, v., = M,Du. drillen, Swed, drilla, 
Dan, drille ; fact deceitfully j elude : selcu^ 
vs thine o ^ pilate wit drightin for to drill 
c M. 16390 ; |>e ded ai wen we for to drille 
23715 ; catnp, a-drillen. 

drinc, sb., 0,E, drinc (? =drync) ; drinky 
M. H. 24; J)ene drinc Laj. 1303; drinc, 
drinch Orm. 165, 15388; drinch HOM. I. 
283 ; drink Mand. 248 ; P. 42 ; Degr. 1739 ; 
diinke {dcU,) Brd. ii ; drinches [dringes] 
(//.) Laj. 3558 ; drinkes HOM. II. 179; Hav. 
1738 ; cofnf, love-, over-drino. 
drinke-lesy adj., without drink^ HOM. I. 
141. 

dring, see dreng. 

drink, see drina 

drinkelen, see drinklin. 

drinken, v., O.E. drincan,«=0.Z.(7. drincan, 
Gotk, drigkan, O.Fris, drinka, 0,N. drekka, 
O.H.G, trinchan, trinkan; drink^ Mat. xx, 
22; Laj. 5804; A. R. 44; Hav. 800; (ms. 
drinnkenn) Orm. 165; drinke Shor. 26, 
drinca leechd. III. 128; drinkeC {pres,) 
HOM. II. 199 ; drino {imper,) LA5. 14348 
drano (pret.) GEN. & EX. 1660 ; (ms. drannc) 
Orm. 1374 ; drank HOM. II. in ; Rich. 3090 
Ch. C. t. B 743 ; LiDG. M. P. 91 ; drone A. R, 
210; drone, dronk [drong] Laj. 6928, 19796 
drank ler Jes. 323 ; heo drunken La^. 14285 
drunken Gow. III. 21 ; {ms, drunnkenn) 
Orm. 4797 ; dronken Will. 1906 ; Ch. C. t. 
A 822 ; dronken [dronke] Langl. B xiv. 64 
]ni drunke (subj,) Orm. 14482 ; drunken 
ipple,) Orm. 14057 ; Rich. 661 ; dronken 
Ch. C. t. ^ 135 : comp, a-, ^e-drinken ; deriv. 
drino, drench druno, drunken, 
drinkere, sb., O.E, dnncer^— O.H.G. trin- 
chare; drinker^ treat. 138; ayenb. 52; 
Man. (F.) 3986; drinkeres (//.) hom. II. 
55 ; drinkares A. R. 216. 
drinkinge, sb., drinkingy HOM. II. 37; 
drinking Orm. 19063. 



drinklin, 



drowfiy ' mergoj PR. P. 



132 ; ¥e ^ ehildre so drinkelen bead GEN. & 
EX. 2768; drenkled (pret,) c. M. 1236; 
drenkled {pple) Man. (F.) 997. 

drii>en, see dx§pen. 

drippe, sb., =Z?a». dryp, M.Du. druppe, 
OJI.G. tnipha ; from dx>§open ; dripy drop, 
^guttaj stilla; PR. P. 132. 

drippin, y.y^Dan. dryppe, M.L.G.y M.Du. 
druppen, M.H.G. triipfen ; drip^ ^stillo, 
PR. P. 132. 

driri, see drSor^. 

drit, sb., O.N. dritr, cf. M.Du. drijt ; dirty ex- 
crement, ^stercus! PR. P. 132 ; Trev. IV. 423 ; 
P. L. S. i. 7 ; eattes drit P. S. 240 ; drit and 
donge Alis. 4718 ; Langl. A vii. 178 ; muk 
or drit WiCL. E. w. 22. 
drit-oherl» sb., cf, L,G. dritkerl ; {term of 
contempt)^ Hav. 682. 



driEte, v., 0,E. (ge-)drftan, « M.Du. drijten, 

O.N. drita ; * cacare,* cath. 109. 
driyel, sb.,—M,L.G.y M.Du. drevel; bond- 

servant, H. M. 29; drivil PR. p. 132; 

driveles (pi.) Kath. 2154. 
driyelen, see dravelen. di^ven, see drifen, 
drobli, droblin, see drubli, dxublin« 
drof, adj., O.E. dTd{,=M.L.G. drove, M.Du. 

droeve, O.H.G. truobi ; troubled, sad: drof 

he wes on mode La;. 1040. 

dr6f-lio,adj., O.E. drdfilc,^ M.L.G. droflik; 

La^ 1026. 
drof, see dr&£ 
drogge, sb., O.Fr. drogue; drug; drogges 

[drugges] Ch. C. t. A 426. 
drogman, sb., med.Lat. dragumanus, from 

Arab, tarjuman; interpreter, Alis. 3401. 
dromedarie, sb., OJ^'r. dromadaire ; drome^ 

dary, Mand. 243 ; dromedaries (//.) LEG. 97. 
dromelus, sb., dromedary, Orm. 6966. 
dromonnd, sb.,=6^.A^. dromundr,^^?^^ O.Fr, 

dromont, Lat. dromo, Gr. dp6fi<ap ; a kind of 

war-vessel: dromoun Rich. 1407; droumund 

2525 ; droumound 2458 ; dromouns {pi.) 

Alis. 90; Ar. & Mer. 113 
dr6ne, see dr&ne. 
dronen, s.,^M.L.G., M.Du. dronen; roar^ 

bellow, he drouned {pret.) as a dragon 

AlisI (Sk.) 985. 
dronken, see drunken, 
dronklen, v., ?=drtinonen; submerge, be sub-' 

merged, drown: )>e schip ))at was so grete, it 

dronkled {pret.) in the flode Man. (H.) 170 ; 

dronkeld 289; four & twenti J)ousand in 

Temse . . . wer dronkled {pple.) of Danes 

Man. (H.) 43. 
drope, sb., O.E. dropa,=0.iV. dropi, O.L.G. 

dropo, O.H.G. tropho, tropfo ; from dreopen ; 

drop, ^gutta, stillai FRAG. 3 ; HOM. I. 211 ; 

Mand. 51 ; Ch. C. t. A 131 ; Hoccl. i. 415 ; 

PR. c. 3065 ; aenne drope blod [one blodes 

drope] LA5. 7650 ; a lutel deawes drope A. R. 

184; a watres drope GEN. & EX. 1018; ber 

ne ful no^t a reines drope P. L. s. xvii. 369 ; 

o drope of blode xix. 294 ; no drope of water 

S. s. (Web.) 1 1 53; Jjane drope ayenb. 92; 

dropen (//.) A. R. 220 ; treat. 136; ayenb. 

84 ; droppe Lk. xxii. 44 ; comp. rein-drope. 
drope-fledling, sb., rain : as dropefalling 

droppende upon erthe WiCL. PS. bcxi. 6 ; 

dropefiekUingus {pi.) Ixiv. 11. 
drope-mele, adv., O.E. dropmjelum; by 

drops, A. R. 282. 
dropesie, see idroi>e8ie. 
droppen, v., O.E. droppan,=J/Jl.C7., M.Du. 

dropen, M.H.G. tropfen; drop", droppe J> 

{pres.) Mand. 50; droppe [subj.) Mirc 

1938 ; droppinde {ppu:) saints (Ld.) 317 ; 

dropped {pret.) Ch. C. T. G 580; J>e clobes 

droppede Trev. IV. 429 ; as J)ei dropped a 

doun Langl. B xvi. 79 ; comp. bi-droppen. 



N 



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178 



droppen. 



droppinge, sb., dropping y ^stillacio^ PR. P. 

IJ2^ dropping of rein Ch. C. t. ^2276; 

droppingc of ilesshe, or fishe in the rostinge 

*'caduia* PR. P. 133- 
dros, sb., O.R, 6xos,=M\L.G. dros, O.H.G, 

^tros ; ? pom dreoaen ; dross ^ A. R. 284 ; 

PR. C 3339 ; L. H- k. 147. 
drosnej sb.j fO.E. drosn (//.drosna), O.H.G. 

trosena^ truijanaj trnosana (pL) ; dregs ^ ^fi^y 

FRAG. 4 ; droaenes (^/.)anddregges Langl. 

CiK. 193. 
drotin, v., fOM. dratta; drawl ^ lispy ^trau- 

h; PR. P. T33. 
droukinge, sb,, — droupinge ; slumber ^ PR. p. 

113: als i lay in a winteris nit in a drouken- 

jng (?-droupening) bifore the dai Map 334; 

fordolled in a droukning dred L. R. H. 141. 
drounen, see drunonen. 
droupiHj see drupen, 
droupaQQj see drupnen. 
dr6v©njV.,/r;7wdr6f: trouble, disturb; drove 

C M. 11974; drovee (pres,) PR. c. 1319; 

droved {ppie.) Y turbata'^ PS. vi. 4; see 

drevea, 
droving, sb,. t rouble ^ affliction [^ tribulatio*\ 

PS. xxi. is; c. M. 32384; drovinges {pf) 

xxxiii. 30, 
drovi, ad>,=i1/.Z,.f7, drovich; turbid, rel. 

L 220; CiL C T, /S16 ; A. P. ii. 1016. 
drubli, drobli, adj.^ muddy ^ Uurbidus, PR. p. 

132. 

drublinesse, sb,, muddiness, * turbulencia,* 
PR^ P. 133- 

dnxbliiif V,, ? =^trubl9n; Uurboi PR. p. 133. 
driierie, sb,, O.Fr, dnierie; love, friendship, 

Fl. & Bl. 382 ; dnirie HOM. I. 27J ; Langl. 

Au S5 ; driwerie A, R. 250; druiies (//.) 

pk. c. 7825 ; Gaw. 1506. 
(irU3©j adj., 0,E. dryge, drige, drege=Z.G^. 

driige, M.L^G. drQge, droge, M,Du, droogh; 

dry \ mid dru^e fotan HOM. I. Zj; drui^e 

L, H. R, 142 ; druie A. R. 276 ; druie ROB. 

531 ; CHR. E. 346; LEG. 12 ; )>ole¥ . . . 

hwile druie (sb,) &: hwile wete HOM. II. 123; 

drue P, s. 193; dru^e, drije A. P. ii. 385, 

412 ; (wj, drij^e) Orm. 9883; |>e drige stedes 

HOM. II. S5 I dri;je wude frag. 3; drii^e 

TR.\NS. XVIU. 23 ; drige, drie GEN. & EX. 616, 

3910; drie REL. I. 226; TREAT. 135 ; Gow. 

IL 266 ; drie [dreie] Ch. C. T. A 420; Ch. P. 

F. 3S0 ; far dne C, t, £" 409 ; drege Mat. xii. 

43; dre^e SHOR. 145; dreie HOM. I. 227; 

drare ayenb. 240. 
drinea^ej sb., dryness, PR. P. 132; LiDG. 

M. p. 194. 
drU^an* dru^jien, v.^ O.E, drygan, drugian, 

druwian, = L.G, driigen, MX.G. drugen, 

drogen ; dfy ; driven HOM. II. S7 ; driin 

^silea' PR. P, 132; dreie LUD. Cov. 230; 

whan bou druljst (pres.) Langl.^ i. 25 ; drie^ 

Cm, C. t, a 1495 \ drOide (pret,) Trev. 



V. 113; dride HOM. II. 155; driede Mand. 

68 ; dreide Lk. vii. 38 ; dri^^ed (pple.) Orm. 

8625 ; dried GEN. & ex. 3681 ; PS. xxi. 16 ; 

comp, a-, for-dru^en, -dru^ien (druwien). 
druggen, v., drag: drugge and drawe CH. 

C. t. a 1416. 
druggninge, sb., dragging; his owune rode 

on his softe schuldres so herde druggunge 

HOM. I. 207. 
druh)>e, sb., O.E, druga^,=Z.G^. driigde,^ 

M.Du. drooghte; drought*, druhfe Orm. 

8626 ; dru3))e AYENB. 68 ; drui|>e [droujte] 

Trev. VII. 473 ; drou^j* saints (Ld.) 315 ; 

drouh))e, drouthe, droujte, dro^be A. P. ii. 

524 ; drouthe Langl. B x. 296 ; drugte gen. 

& ex. 2348 ; droughte [droghte] Ch. C. t. A 2. 
driinc, driinoh, sb., O.E. drync,^ 0.//.G. 

trunch, O.N. drykkr ; from drinken ; drink, 

drinking, A. R. 14, 114; drunch Marh. 8; 

driinche (dat.) HOM. II. 41 ; mid unmete 

drunche HOM. 1. 103. 
driino-wil, adj., greedy of drink, A. R. 

2l6*. 

dnincnen, v., O.E. druncnian, = O.N. druk- 

kna, Swed, drunkna, drukkna, mod.Eng. 

drown; be drowned; be, make drunk: i shal 

drunkne [^ inebriabo*] thee with mi teres WiCL. 

Is. xvi. 9; drunkenes, dronkenes {pres.) 

M. H. 138 ; ha druncne^ {«r in Marh. 15 ; 

druncnen (ms. drunncnenn) Orm. 15398; 

drunonie (subj.) a. r. 58 ; drunknede (/rr/.) 

WiCL. Is. bciii. 6 ; ))e swin umen . . . into |>e 

sae & druncnede hem selven HOM. II. 39; 

dronkened PS. Ixiv. 10; drouned A. P. ii. 372; 

drunoned {pple.) Orm. 6795 ; drouned 

Mand. 57 ; Lidg. m. p. 149 ; comp. of-druno* 

nen. 

drunoning, sb., drowning, Orm. 14547. 
drunken, adj., O.E. drunken, =0.A^. drukkin, 

O.H.G. trunchan ; from drinken; drunken, 

Orm. 14065 ; gen. & ex. 871 ; ))a heo weore 

swa drunken Laj. 13465; dronken Mand. 

250 ; dronke AYENB. 75 ; Ch. C. T. -4 3128 ; 

J>a drunkene cnihtes Laj. 1 35 26; comp. for-, 

win-drunken, 
drunken-hed, sb., drunkenness. Sax. chr. 

209; WiCL. Is. V. 11; dronkenhede Gow. 

III. 20; dronkehede ayenb. 26a 
dronke-leo, sb., drunkenness, MiRC 31. 
drunke-shepe, sb., drunkenness, * ebrietas^ 

PR. P. 134; dronkeshipe Gow. III. 20. 
drunken, v., drown, plunge in water', 

drunkede (jf>ret.) WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxix. 28; 

dronked {pple.) Will. 3516; comp. of- 

drunken. 
drunken, sb., O.E. dmnc^n, = Goth, drugk- 

anei, O.N. drykkni, O.H.G. truncheni; 

drunkenness, HOM. I. 175 (hom. II. 228; 

MISC. 67) ; LA3. 6070 ; the millere bat for 

drunken [dronken] was al pale Ch. C. t. A 

3120 ; drunke P. L. s. viii. 128. 



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drunken. 



dU36^» 



179 



dnmken-I§we, sb., drunkard^ WiCL. Mat. 

xxiv. 49; drunkelewe, dronkelewe Gow. III. 

5 ; dronkelewe Langl. B viii. 83 ; drunke-, 

dronkenlewe Ch. C. T. D 2043; drunkeleu 

^ebriosus^ PR. P. 133 ; drunkleu LiDG. M. P. 

68. 

drunkeneese, sb., O.E, drunceness, drun- 

cenness ; drunkenness^ HOM. I. 13 ; o. & N. 

1399; drunkexmesse Orm. 166; droxdcen- 

nesse [dronkenessc] Ch. C. t. C549. 
drunken-Bom, adj., given to drinky A. R. 

216*. 
drup, adj., humble^ drooping*, drCLpest 

(super/.) Marh. 16; drupest aire monne 

Kath. 2050. 
drnpen, v., O.N. drupa, droop; decline, sink 

dawn : droupin ^ iaiito* PR. P. 113 ; droup(e) 

& dare TRANS. XVIII. 26 ; M. Arth. 2575 ; 

droupe (pres,) MiN. i. 9; Townl. 223; 

droupus ANT. Arxh. v; dxupand (pple,) 

[dnipand, droupandl ... he sagh J)eir chere C. 

M. 4457 ; drouped (pret.) his arwes drouped 

nought wi\> fe]>eres lowe Ch. C. t. A 107; 

dropede Fer. i 103. 
droupinge, sb., drooping, * iatitatio^ PR. P. 

113; drouping Gaw. 1750 ; D. Troy 3291. 
drupiy adj., downcast, hom. 1. 205 ; Halliw. 

321 ; make% drupie chere A. R. ZZ, 
drupnin, v., = O.N, drupna ; droop, be humble, 

HOM. I. 259 ; i droupne ant dare spec 54 ; 

droupninde (pple.) Horn (H.) 1126. 
droupninge, droui>6]iing, sb., dejection, 

Map 340. 

drnii, see dreori^ 
druS, sb., O.Fr. drud, from O.H.G. driit ; 

darling, HOM. I. 269. 
druwien, see drti^ien. 
dubben, v., O.E. dubbian, Sax. chr. 219,= 

O.N. dubba ; dttb, adorn : to cnihte hine 

dubben [dobben] LA3. 22497; dubbe him 

knight ISUM. 484; )>eo kni^tis heore bodi 

diibbe]> (pres) Alis. 431 i ; dubbede (pret.) 

Hav. 2314 ; dubbed (pple.) Gaw. 75 ; l. 

H. r. 127 ; dubbed and dight PR. C. 8790 ; 

dubbed wib precious stones Mand. 241 ; 

idabbed [idobbed] La^ 19578; idobbed 

AYENB. 83. 
dubbing, sb., dubbing of a knight, HORN 

(L.)438; dobbinge Shor. 15. 
dubbementy sb., O.Fr. adobement; embel- 

lishment: the dubbement dere of doun & 

dalezA. P. i. 121. 
dnble, adj., OJ^r. duble, doble ; double, a. r: 

70 ; p. L. s. ii. 176 ; doble Bek. 417 ; double 

Gow. I. 7; i will have three sithe double 

(sb.) of his Rich. 2096; doublechinned 

Trev. I. 299. 
doublenesse, sb., duplicity, falseness, Ch. 

C. T. G 1300. 
dublen, v., OJ^r. doubler, dobler; double: 

dublm, dobelin PR. P. 125 ; dubli Brd. 28 ; 

N 



double)) (pres.) Shor. 34 ; doble)) ayenb. 

22 ; dubled [doubled] (.pret.) c. M. 6954 
dobler, sb., O.Fr. doublier; platter, a. p. ii. 

1146; dobeleres (pi.) Langl. ^xiii. 81, 

Cxvi. 91. . 

dublet, sb., a/V. doublet ; doublet; doblette, 

dobbelet PR. P. 125; Gaw. 571; doublett 

Lido, m. p. 54 ; dobelat voc. 182 ; doplit 

238. 
dtic, sb., O.Fr. due ; duke, Laj. 86 ; A. R. 300 ; 

Fl. & Bl. 697 ; due [duk] Ch. C. t. A 893 ; 

duk [duik] WiCL. Mat. Ii. 6 ; duik L. h. r. 

149. 
duche, sb., Fr., duch^ ; duchy, Langl. C iv. 

245; Man. (F.)3I5o. 
ducherie, sb., duchy, dukedom : Trey. IV. 

145 ; ducherie of Kent 187 ; that daie 

ducheries (pi.) he delte D. Arth. 3615. 
duchesse, sb., OJ^r, duchesse ; duchess, Ch. 

C. T. A 923. 
dudde, sb., f sort ef hood or cloak, * birrusi 

PR. P. 134. 
due, adi., O.Fr. deut, from Lat. debitus ; due 

jif me be dijt a destine due to have A. P. iii. 

49 ; Trey. I v. 189 ; Gow. 1. 19 ; in dewe time 

Trey. V. 407 ; Lidg. m. p. 207 ; ))e most holi 

werke, and most duwe to j^relatis WiCL. 

S. w. III. 179 ; due (sb) : to singe againe as 

was hir due LiDG. M. P. 182. 
due-liohe, adv., duly, properly, Gow. III. 

245 ; WiCL. NUM. xxix. 24 ; Gow. III. 354; 

dewli LiDG. M. P. 253. 
duel, see doeL 
duer, see ddor. 
duete, sb., duty, Gow. III. 176 ; deute AUD. 

24; dewtee LiDG. M. p. 141 ; dute PR. P. 135. 
du^e, adj., from ddi^ ; t useful; duwe P. L. s. 

XXV. 123 ; comp. ^e-du^e. 
du^en, v., f OJE. dugan = O.N. duga, f O.H.G. 

tugan ; from dda^ ; avail, be valiant, be 

worth ; dowes (pres.) A. P. iii. 50 ; du^ende 

(pple.) Laj. 4123 ; du^ende ))ewas HOM. I. 

109 ; doh(t)e [O.E. dohte, cf. O.N. dug^a, 

O.H.G. tohta] (pret) M. H. 149 ; al he solde 

fat outh douthe Hay. 703 ; dooght Trist. 

1 125 ; Man. (F.) 7550 ; comp. ^e-du^en. 
du^en, v., O.E. (ge-)de^an, dygan, ?= O.L.G. 

dogen ; ? lack ; wel mei duhen ancre of o¥er 

wim(p)lunge A. R. 420*. 
du^eSe, sb., O.E. dugu^, dugo¥,=(^./Wj. 

duged, O.N. dyg^, O.H.G. tuged, tugend; 

virtue, virility, nobility, power, riches'. 

un^earu to elchere duje^e HOM. 1. 103 ; Brutus 

& his du3e¥e [dojebe] Laj. 1819; duwe^e 

4945 ; )'^t hi forletep in heore du^ebe [duh)>e] 

O. & N. 634 ; \\ duge)>e gin )>u delen rel. I. 

184 (Misa 133) ; duhe¥e Jul. 4 ; duj)e Misa 

91 ; douthe Gaw. 1365 ; dowej^es (//.) Misc. 

112. 
dt^eCe-king, sh., prince : a dun hem ferde 

Bedver to his dujecekinge LA3. 25956. 



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I So 



dujefSe. 



diine. 



du^sj^-cniht, sb., retainer^ Laj. 10166. 
du^ety-liche, adv\, virtuously, nobly , LA5. 

16844. 

dujetJo-mon, sb.. rettuner, LA5. 14066. 
duggen, v., ?ati-; mai he dug him a doket 

TowNU 313. 
dii^ti, jtv duhtlj. 

diihen, diibe^fei see dd^en, du^e'Se. 
duhti?, adj., £f. OJl. dyhtig, =M.H.G. tiihtic ; 

doughty r piy^u^rfuly ,^ood^ Orm. 113; duhti 

Kath, 7^2 ; Jiine ih>mes . . . beo^ duhti 

Marh. 8; dtihti [dohti] mon LA5. 14791; 

dohtj 7653 ; du^ti Gaw, 724; AV. ARTH.xiv; 

douhii Tr[st, 1467; TRANS. XVIII. 25; 

Am, & Amil. 207; dojti A. P. ii. 11 82; 

doghti IsuM. 273 \ doujti Will, iioi ; WiCL. 

EX. xvii. 25 ; duhtie men LA3. 7257 ; do^tiere 

{compar.) Fbr. 531; dou^tiore Langl. -4 v. 

84 ; dou^tier B v. 102 ; dottiest {super L) 

A. P, ii. 1306; fie dojtjeste Fer. 1448; comp, 

un -duhti. 

dughtl-hede, sb.,=^l/.//.G^.tuchtikeit ; bra- 
imy, ^^mdrtess^ c. M. 10166. 

duhtiylByi^ %h,, goodness] {ms. duhhtijlejjc) 
Orm, 4904. 

doiHiti-liche, adv., doughtily, Jos. 495. 

du]itl3neBse, sb., doughtinessy Orm. 17582; 
dojtinisse Fer. 3197; doughtinesse Man. 
(F,) 2iJ6S. 
duke, sb,, (?.E, dnce, from d€iken; duck, 
' artitif' vac. 220 ; duke [doke] Langl. B xvii. 
61; CtL C. T. A 3576 J doke PR. P. 125; 
dokes ip/,) Manp. 216. 

dokeltnge, sb., duckling, PR. P. 125. 

dok6-wed| sb., duckweed, PR.' P. 125. 
d^keiij \'., =-= M.L.G. duken, M,Du, duken, 
duiken, MJiXl, ttjchen ; duck (plunge under 
water) \ doukand (pres.pple,) ALEX. 4091 ; 
dtiked ( prei. ppleJ) CM. 23203. 

diikere, sb.y = OM.G, tuchari; diving bird; 
doukere *■ phunjoun'' REL. II. 83; dokare 
voc, 253. 

dul, adj., O.E, dd[, = O.L,G. dol, M.L.G,, 
AUJu. dul, dol, OJ/.G. tol ; ? =dwal ; dull, 
' At-bes, oMusus,' PR. P. 135 ; Ch. C. t. F27g; 
dul wit Kaih. 1268 ; hi brain is dul LiDG. 
M. P. 191; duU© (//.) Langl. A'u 129; 
dullc (v. r. dulie) neiles A. R. 292*; duller 
[dollcr] (anHpiir.) Trev. III. 409; see dil. 

dulneita, sb., diiilfu*ss, PR. P. 135 ; Ch. D. 
Bl. 879^ 

dul% dol-witted, adj., dull-witted, Trev. 
II L 467. 
dTillard, sb,, cf. M-Du, dullard; dullard, 

^ duribucdus^ agn^stis,^ PR. P. 135. 
dullen, v.,^Af,I}u. duUen, dollen (be insane) ; 
dul/^ make dull, grotu dull; dullin, dollin 
*/h'be.-ri}, tep^fado' PR, P. 126, 135; it dulle)) 
mc to rime Ch. C. T. G 1093 ; min heed 
dullith LUD, Cov. 343; dullid (,pple.) Lidg. 



M. P. 217 ; i am ner hande dold so long have i 

nappid TowNL. 98 ; comp, for-dullen. 
dult, adj., cf, mod^Eng. dolt; dull, blunt, 

HOM. I. 203 ; Kath. 1268* ; dulte neiles 

A. R. 292. 
dumb, adj., 0,E. dumb, => OX.G,, O.Fris, 

dumb, O.N. dumbr, GotA. dumbs, O.H.G. 

tumb; dumb, HOM. II. 125; Orm. 211; 

0. & N. 416 ; Map 335 ; domb, doumb ayenb. 
1,51; a dombe best p. l. s. xiii. 220 ; domb 
[doumb] Ch. C. t. A 774 ; doumbe Langu B 
X. 137; dum PR. p. 135; dom PR. c. 49; 

1. h. r. 148 ; doum lud. Cov. 126 ; dumbe 
(//.) misc. 39 ; oj>er godes ))et dumbe beo^ 
ant deave Marh. 6 ; doumbe ROB. 131 ; 
dumben (dat.pl.) HOM. I. 229. 

dumnessey sh.,=0.//.G. tumpnessi ; dumb- 
ness, PR. p. 135. 
diimbien, v., O.E. (a-)dumbian, dl OJ/.G. 

tumben; become dumb; i doumbed [^<7^/f 2//tf/ '] 

PS. xxxviii. 3 ; comp. a^dumblen. 
dmnpen, v., = O.N. dumpa; beat, f drive; 

dumpe A. P. iii. 362 ; c. M. 22643. 
dmnping, sb., diving bird; dompinges 

[dompinges] (pi.) Langl. Cxi v. 169. 
dun, adj., O.E. dunn, fir. dunn, Gael, donn; 

dun, dark-coloured, R. R. 1213 ; diixine (pL) 

A. P. i. 30 ; Lidg. m. p. 152 ; donne Launf. 

988 ; L. H. R. 144 ; Dun (pr. n.) is in the mire 

Ch. C. t. H 5. 
dun, s\>.,—M.L.G. dun, O.N. dunn m.j down 

(of birds) ; doun ^pluma ' PR. P. 128 ; Gow. 

II. 103. 
dun, see dune, 
diinch, adj.,=0.-Fw. diunk; dark, Halliw. 

24. 
dunch, sb., = Dan. dunk ; stroke, blow, ^per- 
cussion PR. p. 135. 
dunchin, v., s= Dan. dunke, Swed. dunka ; 

beat, Uundo,* PR. P. 135; dunohen (pres.) 

HOM. I. 283. 
dune, sb., O.E. dyne, dyn,= 0.iV. dynr, M. 

L.G., M.Du. done ; din : )>ene dune La^ 8642 ; 

as a )>unres dune Kath. 2024 ; dine PR. P. 

121 ; HOM. II. 117; Hav. i860; dene Trev. 

I. 415 ; dene [din] Man. (F.) 9917 ; din A. P. 

ii. 862 ; PR. C. 7332 ; dine (dcU.) GEN. & ex. 

3467 ; dine [dene, deone] Langl. ^xviii. 62, 

Cxxi. 65 ; comp. er'Se-dine. 
dune, sb., O.E. dun, cf O.Ir. dun, mod.Eng. 

down ; hill, HOM. I. 143 ; O. & N. 919 ; GEN. 

& EX. 587 ; dun Orm. 14568 ; uppen )>ere 

dune Laj. 27256 ; doune Rob. 362 ; spec. 85 ; 

bi doune and dale Alis. 1767 ; a dflne {O.E. 

a, of dune] ; adown, down, Laj. 30297 ; a dun 

551 ; a dun ward 9297 ; a dun A. R. 60 ; O. & 

N. 1454 ; duste him a dun riht (downward) to 

J)er eor¥e Marh. 12 ; a dune, a doun Hav. 

567, 2735 ; a doun RoB. 208 ; Ch. C. T. A 

393 ; |>e piler fel a doun s. S. (Wr.) 2045 ; 

knele a doun AUD. 79 ; dune (adv.) for a dune 



1 



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dune. 



durren. 



i8i 



down La^26546; he com dunORM.631 ) dune, 
dun, doun Hay. 888, 925, 181 5; he fl(e)ah 
dfbi rihte 25613 ; hewe him to the grounde 
dounright S. S. (Web.) 621 ; OCTOV. (W.) 1095 ; 
PS. cv. 18 ; AUS. 2299 ; WILL. 1 165 ; down- 
rightes slew there our English knightes Rich. 
1761 ; dOa ward, downward^ La^ 13 106 ; 
& draf J>ir to dun riht Kath. 2023 ; dun ward 
Orm. 2056 ; dunewardes Kath. 119 i ; dOnes 
(pL) A. R. 380 ; dOnen {dat.pL) Laj. 21775 ; 
dune Horn (L.) 154. 

D1in-liolin,pr.n., O.E, Dunhdm; Durham : 
on Dunholme Misc. 146. 
dnnge, sb., cf. M,Du, dunge, Swed, dynga 
(dung\ OJ^, dyngja (heap), MJI.G, tunge/ ; 
duf^, A. R. 142 ; dunge, donge ^fimus ' PR. P. 
127 ; dong^e Alis. 4718 ; donge [dounge] 
Langl. Aiv. 130; ?dung Marh. 15; dong 
AYENB. 61 ; Mand. 49 ; Ch. C. T. ^ 807 ; 
dunge (da/.) Lk. xiii. 8 (the earlier text has 
meoxe) ; RoB. 310 ; ding(e) P. L. S. i. 7. 

dimg^, dong-oarty sb., dung-cart, Ch. C. T. 
i54226. 

dung-heep, sb., dung-heap, SPEC. 103. 

dong^hel, sb., dung-hill, AYENB. 81 ; S. S. 
(Web.) 241 1 ; donghfl Ch. p. r. 597. 
dungen, v., cf. 0,E. dyngan, = Swed, dynga, 
MJ)u, dungen, M.H,G. tungen ; dung ; 
dunge [donge] Ch. C. t. B 4226 ; dongen PL. 
CR. 785. 

dimiexiy ▼., O.E. dynian, 0,N, dynja, duna, 
= OX.G. dunian, M.Du, donen ; din, sound, 
resound, Laj. 30410 ; denie Horn (L.) 592 ; 
donede (pret.) Mark. 20 ; J)e er))e dunede 
under hem Rob. 459 ; dinede an migtful 
homes blast GEN. & ex. 3464 ; J)ondir dined (e) 
shille Al. (L.^) 561 ; denede Will. 5014 ; rel. 
II. 7; comp. a-donlen. 

duninge, sb., cf, O.E, dunung, = J/J9«. don- 
inge; sound, din, ^bombus^ PR. P. 135. 
dnnnieiiy v., O.E, dunnian ; become dark : J^in 
hcu dunnet (pres,) p. R. L. P. 221 ; dunnid 
{pple) ^subniger^ PR. P. 135. 
dunnip, sb., ffor (niner ; thunder : ber nis 
dunnir, slete, no hawle ALT. BL. I. 319 (P. L. S. 
xxxv). 

diint, sb., O.E. dynt, cf, OM dyntr, 
Swed, dunt, mocLEng, dint; blow, stroke, 
HOM. I. 15 ; Laj. 8420; Kath. 22 ; Alis. 
1505; Gaw. 452 ; sweordes dunt A. R. 60; 

tnedunt saints (Ld.) 315 ; dint Orm. 4290; 
kNGL. (Wr.) 12124; dint, dent Will. 1234, 
3750; dent Horn (L.) 152; Launf. 332; 
dinte, dente {dot,) Fer. 617, 1843 ; duntes 
(pL) Laj. 22780; A. R. 284; O. & N. 1227 ; 
C L. 1 161 ; dintes HOM. II. 95 ; PR. C. 7017 ; 
M. H.;i3C ; dante (gen, pL) A. R. 424 ; dunten 
(dat'pl) Laj. 27051 ; comp, (wonder-dent, 
diinten, w,,^0,N, dynta, Swed, dunta; strike, 

five a blow ; (the kinges men) dunten him 
pret,) Hav. 2448 ; (ha) dintede HOM. I. 281 ; 
donted (pple,) L. H. R. 138 ; dunet HOM. 1. 281. 



dup, see d3op. 

duplicite, sb., 0,Fr. duplicity, from Lai. 

duplicitas; duplicity, LiDG. M. P. 165, 170. 
diippen, v., 0,E, dyppan,=Z?a«. dyppe ; dip, 

immerse', dippin ^intingo' PR. P. 121 ; dip- 

I)eBt (pres) Orm. 1551 ; duppe)) Trev. I. 

117; duppes Jos. 534; dupe (imper,) leechd. 

III. 118; dippe [*intingat*] Wicu Lk. xvi. 24; 

dipped (pple,) PR. c 8044 ; idept ayenb. 106. 
dipi>ere» sb., diver (bird) [* mergulus '], 

WiCL. lev. xi. 17. 
dOr, see ddor. 
duraoiouilt sb., Lat, duratio ; duration : iaf 

hem eke duracioun, some to wexe & wane 

some Ch. h. f. 1022. 
duronien, see dearknien. 
dlire, sb., 0,E, duru,= 0,Eris, dure, dore,= 

Af,L,G, dore, Goth, dauro, O.N, pi, dyrr {gen, 

dura), 0,H,G, turi, tura, Gr, 6upa, Lat, foris ; 

door, Lk. xi. 7 ; gen. & ex. 1082 ; dure [dore] 

Laj. 25889; dore Hav. 1788; ayenb. 210; 

Ch. C. T. a 550 ; be dore . . . sche flej out of 

)ie hokes Fer. 2182; dure [O.E. duru, dura, 

duran] (dcU,) Mk. i. 33 ; hom. 1. 167 ; o. & n. 

778 ; \ext dure MISC 44 ; dure [dore] LA5. 

10181; wi¥uten dore 2382; duren[0.£'.dura, 

duru, duro, duran] Sax. chr. 217 (pi,) John 

XX. 19; HOM. 1. 87; MISC. 153; duren [dores] 

LA5. 2363 ; doren RoB. 495 ; spec, i 10 ; Shor. 

55 ; dt^ren (dat,pl,) Mat. xxiv. 33; comp, 

ohamber-, ohireohe-dure. 
d^-herroy sb., door-hinge, voc. 261. 
d6re-nail, sb., M,H,G, tiimagel ; door- nail : 

ded as a dorenail Will. 628 ; Langl. A i. 

161. 
d^^re-pin, sb., GEN. & ex. 1078; Horn 

(L.) 973. 
dor-Btode, sb., 0,E, durustod, 0,N, dura- 

sto^; door-post, \oc, 170. 
d6re-tre» sb., cf, Dan, dSrtrae ; door bar, 

Hav. 1806; Langl. B i. 185. 
d^re-ward» sb., O.E. duruweard; door- 
keeper, Laj. 17672; MISC. 43; doreward 

Shor. 46. 
dure, see dSore. 
duren, v., 0,Fr, durer ; last, continue ; dure 

Rob. 70 ; Ch. C. t. A 2770 ; deore P. L. s. ix. 

63 ; d&rede (pret,) LA5. 26708* ; whi )>at 

tempeste so longe time durede [dured] 

Langl. -5xviii. 63. 

duringe, pple. & prep., during, Trev. 1. 261. 
duresse, sb., 0,Fr, duresce, cf, mod.Eng, 

duress; hardship, harm. Will. 1074; S. s. 

(Web.) 2189; HoccL. i. 12; Lidg. m. p. 118. 
durk, see dearo. dume, see deme. 
durren, v., f 0,E, durran=0. //.(?. (ge-)- 

turren, Goth, (ga-)daursan ; from dear ; dare ; 

dum, dom, dam PR. P. 114 ; dur PR. C.4135 ; 

durste \p,E, dorste, cf 0,H.G, (ge-)torsta, 

Goth, (ga-)daursu] (pret,) durst^ KAra. 1315 ; 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



til 



durreiu 



diiven 



A* R-, I5SJ GEN. Sl ex. 2593; SPEC I04 ; 

ISUM. 61 B; durste [dorste] LA5. 357; dorste 

Langi« a vnu I lii ; Ch. C. T. A 227 ; dorste 

AYENB, 143; Jos. 664; Perc 1966; dorste, 

dorte Horn (L.) 3B8, 928 ; i ne jierste ... do 

such a fol dede Marg. 304; dorstest ayenb. 

73 ; dorsten Lk. ix. 45 ; dursten HOM. I. 93 ; 

Haw r866 ; Mand. 2S2 ; durst (pp/e.) Man. 

iF.) 6362. 
diirsti, ad[j., O.E. dyrstig, = C>./f.(7. (gi-)tur- 

slig ; diuiui^^ bald, 
diirsti-liche, ridv,, ^ audacter^ FRAG, i ; dir- 

sii^like Orm, 16152. 
dusc, adj., O.E. dose (ACADEMY No. 849) ; 

diak\ dose hom. L 259; doskLEG.203; deosc 

A, R, 94. 
dusknesee, sk, dtjrkness [^ caltgo'\ WiCL. 

Job Kxiii. 17. 
dUBChetLjV., I = Af.L.OAuschen ; =dweBohen ; 

stnkt'i ^eiii\ dUBched (pre/,) Ar. & Mer. 

5624 ; A. P. ii < 1 5 38 ; dusched a doun . . . hure 

Ion Fer. 306 S ; s^c^ da6chen« 
duficMng, sb., iHmbHng\ . . . dinning and 

dusching ot siufulle pr. C. 7350. 
du§i, adj., LKE. dysig, =» M,Du, deusig, 0» 

H.G. tusig, mod.Eng, dizzy; stupid^ foolish^ 

Kath. 7^2 ^ A* r. 20a ; dusi luve ne last noht 

longe o. & N. 1466 ; than waxes ... his heved 

feblt* and disi PR. c 771 ; desi REL. I. 179; 

be dusie mon HOM. 1, 117 ; desien {daL m.) 

MAT. vii. 26 ; diisie \pL) A. R. 222 ; ))a dusian 

HOM. [, tti; duaien [dat, pL) La^ 281 i; 

dustgreat {super L] a. r. 182. 
duBi-lec, %h.,/oliy, Kath. 425. 
ddse-liolie, adv., foalishly^ HOM. I. 119; 

destiii Barb. v«, 2io, 
deelDiase, sb., 0,E. dysigness ; folly ; desy- 

nysse Mk. vii, 22. 
diisi-Bohipe, sh,,, fiiiy, k, R. 182. 
Ctiisij 5b., LKE. dyaig; ; folly ^ HOM. I. III. 
diiflien, v., O.E, dysegian, = 0,Frts» dusia; 

behave foolish ly\ deaigeC {pres,) Mk. ii. 7; 

desiet reu L 177- 
dufiken, v., from diiBo; darken, make or 

frtrnf dark : dusk en his herte PL. CR. 563 ; 
ine ehnen schulen doskin H. M. 35 ; dusked 
ipr^^l.) Ch, C. t. a 3806. 
dust, sb., 0.£, d\xst,^ M.L.G.y M.Du., O.N. 
dust J dtisti *-pulvis; PR. P. 135 ; HOM. 1. 223 ; 
A. R. 122 ; OKM. 1636; LUD. COV. 22$ ; )^t 

dust [doust] La;. 27646 ; doust rel. I. 28 ; 

\tt doust AYENB. lod \ duste {dot.) Jul. 41 ; 

douste P. L. s. xviii. 26. 
duste D, v., ?= OM, dusta {dusty beat) ; strike, 

beat, thrtrw dtnvn, a. R. 212; jif hit dusted 

314; duste Kath. 1094; JUL. 48; he dust(e) 

him doun Fer, 854 ; ich habbe a dun . . . 

idu^t Marh. 11 ; comp. a-dusten. 
dusti, sb., cf O.E. dystig ; dusty, * pulverulen- 

/tfj/ PR, P. 135 ; HicKES I. 224. 



dut, sb.,= dedtit i pleasure, joy, Shor. 129 ; 
p. L. s. XXXV. 9 ; Gaw. 1020. 

datable, adj., doubtful: doutable R. R. 5416. 

dtitanee,sb.,0./r.dutance; doubt, f ear \ have 
you no doutance of all these English cowards 
Rich. 1862; he saide he hadde thereof do- 
taunce Alis. 582 ; withouten doutance (dat^ 
Rich. 5872 ; out of doutaunce Ch. Tro. iv. 
933. 

dute, sb., 0,Fr. doute ; doubt, fear, A. R. 220; 
MISC. 44 ; doute Marg. 107 ; c l. 1425. 
d{Lte-l§s, adj., doubtless : nade he ben du^i 
. . . douteles he hade ben ded Gaw. 724. 

duten, v., O.Fr. douter ; daubt,fear, Misc. 148 ; 
duteS ipres.) A. r. 244; doutede (pret.) 
Hav. 708 ; douted (pple.) c. L. 382. 

dutous, adj., O.Fr. doutous ; doubtful; dout- 
ous Ch. Boet. i. I (5) ; dotous Rich. 4839. 

diitten, v., O.E. dyttan, } = M.H.G. tiitzen; 
j^«//, SPEC..110; me schulde dutten [ditten] 
his mu% A. R. 82 ; dettan LK. xi. 53 ; ditten 
Orm. 18590; dutte[ditte] out Langl. -<4 vii. 
178 ; ditte C. M. 19452 ; dittes (pres.) a. p. 
ii. 588 ; weditte6 hom. IL 199 ; diite {imper.) 
A. R. 106 ; dutte (pret,) Laj. 19812* ; Marg. 
208 ; dutten A. R. 106 ; dit (pple,) Gaw. 1233 ; 
idut REL. L 90 ; C. L. 31 ; iditte (pi.) S. B. w. 
242 ; comp. for-, un-dutten. 

d1i)>e, see du^e'Se. 

dtive, sb., O.N. dufa, = (9Jl.(7. duva, Goth. 
dubo, O.H,G. tuba; dove, HOM. II. 49; GEN. 
& EX. 605 ; douve Mand. Z7 ; Rich. 5671 ; 
Langl. ^xv. 393 ; H. s. 304 ; doufe Townl. 
33; doufe, douve, dofe (?dofe), dove c M. 
1895, 1901 ; (ms. dove, dowe) PR.P. 128; dove 
LUD. Cov. 48 ; dovene A. P. ii. 481. 
dtive-brid, sb., yount^ dove, hom. IL 47. 

[dlive, stem ^dSven.] 
dive-dap, sb., didapper, * mergulus^ PR. P. 
127; divedap, devedoppe, devedep Wici*. 
DEUT. xiv. 7, LEV. xi. I, 17. 

ddvel, sb., cf, M.L,G. dovel, M.H,G. tiibel ; 
felly of awheel', dowlis ['modioli'] WiCL. 
3 KINGS vii. 33. 

duvel-rihtes, adv., headlong : feollen ba (a) 
duvelrihtes Kath. 1599. 

dfivelunge, adv., headlong, with a plun^, 
ant te meiden duvelunge feol dun to J>e eonfe 
Marh. 20; develing Ar. & Mer. 7762; 
Bev. 649. 

duven, v., O.E. dufan (pret. deaf); dive, 
plunge ; jiet |>et sweord in decBf (pret.) Lxy 
6505 ; & def . . . dun to )>er eor^e JUL. 76. 

duven, v., 0,E. dyfan (pret. dyfde), = aA'l 
deyfa ; dive ; diven Langl. B xii. 163 ; dSveS 
(pres.) A. R. 282; he dive^ dun to grunde 
REL. I. 221 ; d^t (imperat.) Marh. 17; duve 
['demergat'] HOM. II. 43; d§fde (pret,) 
Marh. 22 ; euch dunt defde in to hire liche 
Jul. 28. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



duwe. 



dad. 



183 



dnwOy duweSoy see du^e, du^eVe. 

dwal, adj. & sb., 0,E, dwo\y=M,L.G. dwal 
(fatuous)^ Z?tf«.dval, G^^M.dwals (/Lwoprfr) ; from 
dw^len; dad, foolish : fat devel dwale GEN. 
& EX. 20 ; dwale heretic Orm. 7454 ; ne chid 
)m wij) nenne dw&les {f fools) rel. I. 183 ; 
j^^ duL 

dwal-kenned, adj., misleading : jmrh dwal- 
kende lare Orm. 7441. 

dwile, sb., = O.A^. dv61 (delay)^ Swed, dvala, 
Dan. dvale (siupor\ 0,H.G, twala (delay) \ 
delay; stupefaction^ GEN. & EX. 1220; dwale 
[dvale] c M. 1 41 97 ; stod as he were in dwale 
Man. (F.) 9059; dwale sofioriferous drink 
Gow. III. 14 ; Ch. C. t. a 4161 ; rel. I. 324. 

dw^lOy see dweole. 

dw^leiiy v., 0,E, *dwelan {pple, gedwolen), 
cf 0,H,G, twelan; be stupefied: j)e child lai 
dwSlizig (pple.) S. S. (Web.) 770; comp. a- 
dwMen. 

dw^lien, v., O.E, dwelian,=i^.Z.(7. dwelen ; 
err, be deceived: yd )>e Iai%eu dw^atS (pres,) 
HOM. I. 109; ge dwelled Mat. xxii. 29; 
dwele [^ errant*'] PS. xciv. 10; dw61ed {pret,) 
PS. cxviii. 176; comp, bi-dw61ien. 

dwelle, sb., delay : withouten dwelle LEG. 
57 ; dvelle Fer. 648 ; dvell(e) C. M. 2831. 

dwellen, v., 0.E, dwellan, ^ O.N. dvelia 
(pret. dvalda), O.H,G. twellan (pret. twalta) ; 
dwell, delay, Orm. 9938; dwellen Hav. 54; 
i niJle noujt longe dwellen s. S. (Wr.) 1625 ; 
dwelle Alis. 225 ; Shor. 19 ; Will. 701 ; 
Ch. Q.t,A 2354; dvelle spec. 82 ; him reoweji 
fat he dwellel' (pres.) her swa swife lange 
on eor)>e Orm. 5576 ; dwelde (pret.) Langl. 
^xx. 342 ; mani winter he dwelde J>ere S. S. 
(Wr.) 3204; dwalde Orm. 13218; dwelden 
leg. 4; dwelled (pple.) Orm. 226; comp. 
^-dwellen. 

dwelling, sb., dwelling,l\KV. 1352; dvelling, 
dwelling leg. 43 ; Greg. 395. 

dweole, sb., O.E. gedweola; error: bat is 
dweole R. s. ii. (misc 160^ ; dweole [dwele] 

0. & n. 1239; wend a wei mine eien vrom 
fe worldes dweole A. R. 62 ; dwele leb. Jes. 
149 ; (ms. dwelle, r. w. wele) P. L. s. i. 13. 

dweole-, dwdle-song, sb., o. & N. 926. 

dweoleS, sb., f error', heo was igon a dweole^ 
(v. r. o dweole) A. R. 224. 

dweolSe, sb., l^Goth. dvali|)a; error, f de- 
lirium ; )>et . . . dweol^ me ne derie HOM. 

1. 199; dweoluh¥e 195 ; he spek o dwelthe 
Ed. 3149. 

dweomery see dwimer. 

dwer, sb., cf. disw^re; f doubt; Map 361 ; 
s. & c. I. liii; dwere lud. Gov. 17, 117; 
TowNL. 302. 

dwer^ sb., O.E, dweorg, dweorh, = O.N. 
dvergr, O.H.G. tverg; dwarf \ dwergh Iw, 
2390; dweri (f ms. dwery, printed dwerf) 
Will. 362 ; dwerou, dweruh ^nanus^ PR. P. 



134; dverw Trist. 2062; dwerf Trev. I. 

231; I POM. 1746; dwerghes (pL) Mand* 

205 ; dwerewes [dv(e)rwes] Alis. 6266. 
[dwesohen, v., O.E. dwaescan ; f shake ■ cotnp. 

a-dwesohen]. 
dwild, sb., O.E. (ge-)dwild, dwyld; error \ 

dwyld Sax. chr. 258 ; dwilde Orm. 9736 i 

comp. ^e-dweld. 
[dwimer, sb., O.E. dwimor (phantom); comp. 

je-dwlmor.J 

dweomer-orsft, sb., magic art, LA5. 30634. 
dweomer-lAo, sb., magic play, Laj. 270; 

demerlaik Alex. 414 ; a. p. li. 1561. 
dwineiiy v., O.E. dwlnan (pret. dsvan)T = 

M.Du. dwinen, O.N. dvlna (pret. dvina^a), 

prov.En^. dwine; [* tabesco '] WiCL. Ps. cxviii. 

139 ; dwmin ^evanesco* PR. P. 134; dwine PR. 

C 703 ; as gres in medowe i drie and dwine 

HALLIW.326; dwinebGow. II. 117; dwined 

(pret.) Will. 578 ; dwlne (pple.) Orf. 259 ; 

dwined R. R. 360 ; comp. for-dwinen. 
dwole, sb., O.E. dwo\a^= O.I/.G. (ga-ltwoln ; 

error, O. & N. 825. 
dw61iiiige, sb., O.E. dwolung ; dt'/usion : 

J>er J)e dwolunge rixa^ hom. I. 117. 



e, see en. e-, see 50-. e, see &. e-, s^e I&-, 
ea, int., O.E. §a, eaw ; ah; ea le Mat. xxiii. 1 7, 
ea, sb., O.E.'esL, O.Fris. a, e, = O.N. a, OMG., 

O.H.G. aha, Goth, ahwa, Lot. aqua ; watc^r^ 

river ; eaa frag. 3 ; J>as ae Laj. 2506 \ an se 

Saba ^ehaten Orm. 7091 ; in are swi^e feire 

ae LA5. 1400. 
ea-frosk, sb., waterfrog; eafiroskeB \v. n 

eafraskes, eafreskes] (^/.) hom. I. 251, 32F, 
eac, conj., O.E. eac, ec, = O.Fris. ak, OX*G* 

6c, O.N., Goth, auk, O.H.G. ouh, later Eng. 

eke; also ; aeac hom. I. 221 ; ec, aec, eke [eak, 

eke] Laj. 3745, 8001, 25682 ; ec hom. L 3 ; 

Marh. 14; Orm. 159; J>e is nemed ec arm* 

herfnesse HOM. II. 5 ; ec, eke A. R. 50, 16S ; 

ek Hav. 1025 ; Rob. 200; Alis. 2164; and 

ek ich frovri fele wihte o. & N. 535 ; ek [eek] 

Ch. C. t. -r4 41 ; see 60. 
eacneiiy v., O.E. eacnian,=(7<7M. auknan ; 

increase, grow : ekni hor robberie RoB» ( W.) 

2092* ; ^ beggere eoneS (pres.) his bode 

HOM. II. 213. 
[ead, sb., O.E. cad, = O.N. au^r; ^feal/h^ 

haziness.] 
Ed-gftr, pr. n., O.E. Eadgar; Edgar^ P. L. S. 

ix^ 144. 
Ed-mund, pr. n., O.E. Eadmund ; Edmund^ 

P. L. S. xvii. I. 
ednesse, sb., O.E. eadness ; beatitude^ HOM* 

II. 75 ; (ms. hednesse) Sal. & Sat. 330. 



Digitized by 



Google 



184 



ead. 



eal<L 



£ad*ward« pr,n*, 0,E. Eadweard; Edward^ 
Misc, 145. 
iadip adj., O.E. fadig, cf. 0,L.G, odag, odog, 
Goth, audags (firtmi^oF), O.N au¥igr, 0,H.G, 
otag ; rich^ ^^pp^t * beixtus^' KRAG. i ; Marh. 
2 ; A. K. 28 \ Shor. 129 ; eadi, eaedi, edi 
LA5. 2361, 663S, 16559; edi HOM. I. 173; 
MISC 100; KEL, IL 228; 5cdi P. L. S. viii. 
1 1 S*' ^ af^dij 0km. 2333 ; )>eo iiedie burde Laj. 
16271 ; eadiiio {ace. m.) hom. 1. 115 ; Sadije, 
i^dic {p/.} HOM. L 4;r, 113; aadiure (comp.) 
H, M, J3 i eadieste {superiai,) H. M. 45. 

^dl^-la^o^ sb., happiness^ OrM. 5706. 

Sadl-liche, adv., huppify^ a. r. 328. 

eadinesse, sb,, O^E. eacliy^ness ; happiness^ 

HOM. L 217 ; A- R. 2S, 

©admode, -mod, etc.* see under eaS. 

Sa^e, sb.j O.^. cage, = O.Fris, age, (9.Z.G^. 

Dga, O.H.G. ougEi (?.A^, ^lu^'^., C^f^M. aug5 ; 

t^e^: anre nedle eage Lk* xviii. 25; eje 

Q. & N. 426; fJCt eje HOM. L 15; AYENB. 

147 ; de LANCfL. B %. 123 ; ejhe Orm. 9393; 
eghe PK. c. 2234; Perc 691; ehe Kath. 
1056; eie A, R* 60; Hav. 2545; J>e neldis 
eie) p, u s. L 22 ^ ei^e [ijej WiCL. Mat. 
V* 29; i3e Trev, VI 11, 159; Man. (H.) 
^ip : te MiRC 62 ; Ch. C. i\ j4 2680 ; eagen 
Xdiit.) Mat. vii. 4; LEECHD. III. 96; ejan, 
e^en [ = 6*. A', eagaiii t^^M. augona] (//.) HOM. 
1, 23, 43 ; ejen K L. S. viii. 38 ; Brd. 26 ; 
AYENB. Si J egen rel. L 3Jo; e^en, eien 
o. & N, 75 ; ei^eri frag. 5 ; eije Rob. (W.) 
6716*; Will. 463- den a. r. 64; eien 
[|C5en ( = ie^cn)] c. M. 17S37; ighen [ihen, 
eien] Ch. C, t, /^ 152; ehne, ehnen Kath. 
497, 2002 ; eghne JsUM. 620 ; Sagene, eagen 
(^^n. /A) LEECH D. III. 94, 96; Sjan, ejen, 
mxtxij e^enen [CKE. eagum, Goth, augam] 
{diiS. pi} La^, i8Ss, 5736, 7247, 17076; egen, 
t'len HOM* II, 23 J 25 ; eien a. R. 16; AN. LIT. 
91 ; ejc Brd. 3 ; ejhne Okm* 370; ene (ms. 
een) fr. -jt^, ketie) ant. Arth, xlvii. 

©^© broil, &h., — OM,G. ougebra; eyebrow \ 
i^ebrewe {dat^) P, S. 239. 

§hd-lld, sh.,^MM.G. ougelit ; eyelid, hom. 
i; 26s ; ei^eliddea {pi.) Tre;v. V. 189. 

Sjhe-salfe, sb., 0,£^, cagsealf; eye-salve, 
Orm. 1852. 

fth-i^one, e©hfl9ne, sb., — O.H.G. ougsiuni; 
eyesight ^ hky 3092, 9703; exsene REL. 1. 103; 
out of his eighesene TkiST. 2450. 

Sl^e-fll^t, sb., eyesight, s. a. l. 164 ; iesi^te 
M1RC32S. 

§>i -9I h tJe - sb . , (- yesii^ht,, Marh. 17; eihsih^ 
A» R» 58 ; e^hesihjje Orm. 1S68. 

ilq-(*or, sb.j eye-sore^ HEL, h IIO. 

§h-l?url, sb., O^E, cag-, eah)>yrl ; window, 
HOM. L 83J ei)iurl a. r, 62 j (wj. ey)>url) 
Marh. 8. 

eajite, ahte, card, num., O./T. eahta,«=0./^rw. 
achtaj O.L.G., OM.G. ahto, {ji?/A. ahtau, (P.A''. 



atta, Z^/. octo, Gr, 6kt» ; «5f^, TUL. 60, 61 ; 
aehte [eahte, ehte] La^. 3919, 26502 ; ehhte 
Orm. 580; eihte a. R. 12; eihte misc. 145; 
ejte AYENB. 45 ; egte gen. & ex. 1349 ; eijte 
WiCL. John xx. 26; eijte and nienti Rob. 
62 ; fifti & eijte 533 ; eighte [auht] Man. (F.) 
3714; eighte and twentithe Ch. C. t. -^5; 
eite LUD. Gov. 129 ; ahte CHR. E. 324 ; aughte 
D. Arth. 278 ; ajt A. p. ill. 1 1 ; aght Iw. 1438. 
ehte>tene» card, num., 0,E, eahtatyne; eig^k- 
teen, Laj. 18014*; aehtene 14252; ei^tetene 
Rob. 407 ; eijte-, eijtene Trev. III. 17; ei3- 
tene PR. P. 137. 

ei^-tdo)>e, ord. num., 0,E. eahtateo& ; 
eighteenth, P. L. S. xii. 5 ; e5teten)>e procl. 7 ; 
eitetej>e, eijtetej*, eijttene ROB. (W.) i860*, 
6490, XX. 409*. 

eijte-ti, card, num., O.E, eahtatig,=(?.J7.^. 
ahtozug; eighty, ROB. 292; WiCL. I KINGS 
xxii. 18 ; eijti * octoginta ' PR. P. 137. 

eahtuSe, ehtuj^e, ord. num., O.E. eahto^, 
= 0,H,G, ahtodo, Goth, ahtuda, O.Fris. ach- 
tunda, 0,N, attundi; eighth, HOM. I. 81, 107 ; 
eihtu^, eihteo^ a. r. 14, 236 ; ehte¥e, egte¥e 
HOM. II. 47, 137 ; ehtende 87 ; eihteo]>e Misc 
145 ; eijtebe Rob. 213 ; eightebe Langl. (Wr.) 
9533; egh))e MiRC 498; (ms. ehhtennde) 
Orm. 4196; ehtende ayenb. 10 ; Shor. 99; 
egtende gen. & ex. 1199; aghtend PR. C 
6895. 

eake, sb., O.E. eaca, <= O.N. auki ; addition : 
td eken» in addition, HOM. II. 51 ; teken [to 
eke] Marh. 4 ; teken Orm. 747 ; teke [teken, 
to eke] A. R. 78 ; teke H. M. 25 ; P on eke 
SPEC 34 ; comp. over-eake. 
dke-name, sb., = O.N. aukanafn; nickname : 
a vile ekename H. s. 1531; ekename, neke- 
name * agnomen ' PR. P. 352. 

eal, see aL 

eald, adj., 0,E. eald, ald,= O.L.G. aid, old, 
O.H.G. aJt, cf. Goth. a])>eis ; old, P. L. s. viii. 
2 ; aid HOM. 1. 159 ; Orm. 747 ; ayenb. 104 ; 
Iw. 1556; MiN. iii. 19 ; he was fiftene jer aid 
La^. 301 ; an aid mon 18707 ; aid englisch 
Marh. 23 ; twelf winter aid Shor. 44 ; old a. 
R. 6 ; o. & N. 25 ; eld, old PR. P. 137 ; Ch. C. 
T. Z?I2I3; ba ealde laje HOM. 1. 9; eld OCTOV. 
(W.) 656 ; ED. 1656 ; s. & C. I. li.; an eld cloth 
Hav. 546 ; be ealde lawe Shor. 44 ; J>e ialde 
(ms. yalde) laje AYENB. 7; iealde (ms. y ealde) 
97; )>u aide monslahe Marh. 12 ; ]>e aide king 
LA3. 2959 ; olde 3001 ; )>e olde man Brd. 2 ; 
ealden (dot. m. n.) Mx. ii. 21 ; aide [olde] o. 
& N. 1183 ; be )>o ialde laghe Misa 27; aide 
(pi.) Orm. 126; ba aide LA3. 28444; elde 
SPEC 95 ; LUD. Cov. 73 ; ealden (dat. pL) 
Mat. v. 21 ; alden Laj. 6774 ; to olde [elde] 
men WiCL. Mat. v. 21 ; eldre (compar.) elder 
Orm. 13215 ; Misa 58 ; )« eldre [uldre] P. l, 
S. viii. 162 ; aeldre, eldere [eldre] Laj. 3926, 
4290; uldere ROB. (W.) 750*; ealdre HOM. 
I. 23 ; eldren (pi.) elders^ parents RoB. 65 ; 



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eald« 



dare« 



185 



SHOR.97 ; aelderen, aeldere [eldre] LA5. 7354, 
12516; uldeme Rob. (W.) 1495* ; elder Rob. 
(W.) 907* ; )>e ealdren H. M. 27 ; eldren 
Langl. -^iii. 248; eldre Misc. 46; ure 
eldre hom. II. 43 ; Ddre rel. 1. 175 ; eldres 
Ch. C. t. E6s; eldrene (j^en, pi.) Kath. 
81 ; addeme Laj. 13922 ; eldeme (ancestors) 
DEP. R. i. 65 ; eldest (superl.y Mk. x. 43 ; 
eldeste chr. E. 423 ; ayenb. 104 ; aeldeste 
[eldeste] La^ 2930 ; ealdeste H. M. 41 ; uldest 
Rob. (W.) 732*. 

eld-fitder, sb., O.E. eald-, ealdefaeder,=a 
/m. aid-, aldafeder, OX.G, aldfader, OM,G, 
alt&ter ; ancestor^ grandfather; father-in- law, 
stepfather; ^avus ' voc. 205 ; el(d)fadir ^socer* 
PR. p. 137; aldfader M. H. 122; ealdefader 
Angl. VII. 220 ; aldevader Laj. 31009. 

eald-lic, adj., 0,E, ealdllc ; oldish : an oldli 
man WiCL. Job xli. 23 ; aldelike {adv,) Orm. 
1229; aldeli^2553. 

eld-mdder, sb., 0,E. ealdmoder; ancestress, 
grandmother', mother-in-law; ^avia* VOC. 
205 ; c M. 1 1 89 ; eldmodir * socrus * PR. P. 1 37. 

eldneese, sb., O.E, ealdnyss; oldness; eld- 
ncsse WiCL. deut. viii. 4. 
ealde, sh.,=MX.G, olde, O.N,6ld (^w.aldar), 
Goth. alj)s (gen. aldais)/ ; old age : J>is weorldes 
aW Orm. 8831 ; )>at him schsQ on ealde (? = 
clde) sore reowe rel. I. 184 ; for fas kinges 
aide (ffor aelde) Laj. 19411 ; in olde S. S. 
(Wr.) 641 ; in to olde Shor. 2. 
ealder, sb., O.E. ealdor, aldor ; prince^ chief \ 
aelder, alder LA5. 1365, 16562 ; alder hom. I. 
219; ealdrea (pL) ['principes*] Mat. ii. 4; 
aldren (dat.pl.) HOM. I. 231. 

alder-ddniy sb., O.E. ealdordom; princi- 
pality, Orm. 18278. 

alder-man, sb., O.E. ealdorman,= C?./>7j. 
aldirmon, mod.Eng. alderman ; ruler, viceroy, 
Orm. 14061 ; aldermon ^princeps ' frag. 2 ; 
La^ I420. 

alder-Boipe, sb., ranh of a ruler ^prindpa- 

/«a'], HOM. I. 219. 
ealdien, v., O.E. ealdian, cf O.H.G. alten, 

alten, Goth. (us-)al)»an; grow old-, iealdi 

AYENB. 97; elden R. R. 3^; aldeS (pres.) 

ROM. I. 35 ; eldeb Orm. 18826 ; elde (subj.) 

ROM. I. 21 ; mldede (pret.) LA5. 2937 ; (mi 

bones) eldeden WiCL. PS. xxxi. 3 ; conip, for- 

ealdien. 
ealdinge, sb., O.E. ealdung ; growing old, 

ayenb. 95. 
earn, »m, sb., O.E. eam,=O.Fris. em, Af.Du. 

00m, O.H.G. oheim ; uncle, Laj. 8831, 8897 ; 

earn, em gen. & ex. 1758, 3747 ; eom Sax. 

CHR. 261 ; em HiCKES I. 227 ; Hav. 1326; 

OcTOV. (W.) 1379; Gow. II. 267; WiCL. I 

PARAL.xxvii. 32 ; Man. (F.) 4123 ; Gaw. 356 ; 

M. Arth. 1681 ; min em (ms. mi nem^ Trist. 

921 ; eem PR. p. 139 ; b. Disa 397 ; lem (ms. 

yem) leecud. III. 82 ; Chest. II. 55 ; Smes 



(gen.) Will. 3426 ; emis S. S. (Wr.) 1054 ; for 

the manere of thee her Sme (dat.) Ch. Tro. 

(Bell) i. 1022 (s-Text 1015 has em) ; emes 

(pi.) Perc 1050. 
earn, see am. 
ean, adj., O.E. (ge-)gan; filled; dne [eene, 

jene] (pi.) WiCL. PS. cxliih 13. 
eaneiiy v., O.E. eanian,=JDu. oonen; yean; 

enin *feto^ PR. P. 140; dnede (pret.) Trev. 

IV. 451. 

ear, sb., O.E. ear, Northumb., eheT,= Af.L.G. 
ar, O.H.G. ehir, ahir, Goth, ahs, OM. ax, LcU. 
acus (gen. aceris) n.; ear (of corn); er ^ spied" 
VOC. 233 ; PR. P. 141 ; Ch. l. g. w. 76 ; eare 
(dcU.) Mk. iv. 28 ; ere Alis. 797 ; iere (ms. 
yere) ayenb. 28 ; Sar (pi.) Mat. xii. 23 ; eares 
A. R. 260 ; gen. & ex. 2104 ; eres Rob. 490 : 
comp. oom-er. 

ear, earliohe, see Ar. 

eard, erd, sb., O.E. eard, = O.L.G. ard, M.H.G. 
art; land,country, dwelling]^ regi(P\ hom. 1. 13, 
59; aerd LA5. 29174 (miswritten ard 13473) ; 
Orm. 1416 ; erd gen. & ex. 210 ; ure erd is 
on hevene hom. II. 149; earde (dat.) A. r. 
358 ; J)e king of )>issen earde LA5. 7417 ; )>a 
com he to ]>an aerde }>er laei his ferde 19202 ; 
erde hom. I. 115 ; Langl. Byx. 203; a. p. i. 
248 ; ich fare hom to min(e) erde O. & N. 460 ; 
comp. kine-, middel-, uten-eard. 

erd-fblo, sh., people, GEN. & ex. 1880. 

eardien, v., O.E. eardian,= (?.Zr.(7. arddn, O, 
H.G. sTtdn; dwell, inhabit: ha ne muhen nawt 
somen earden in hevene H. M. 43 ; erden 
Will. 5260 ; erdest (pres.) PS. xxi. 4 ; eardi^ 
Marh. 9 ; erdeden (pret.) hom. I. 89. 

earding,sb., O.E. eardung; habitation; erd-' 
ing HOM. II. 159. 

earding-stdwey sb., dwelling-place. Mat. 
xvii. 4 ; eardingstowe, erdingstowe O. & N. 
28 ; erdingstouwe hom. II. 173. 
eare> sb., O.E. €aLTe,= O.Fris. are, OJL.G. ora, 
ore, O.H.G. 5ra, O.JV. eyra, Goth, auso n., cf. 
Lat. auris/; ear, Kath. 1734 ; bet eare, ieare 
AYENB. 177, 189; iare Misa 36; aere Orm. 
2800 ; ere P. L. S. xv. 118 ; ere * auris, ansa ' 
PR. P. 141 ; earen (dat.) leechd. III. 90; 
§aran, earen (pi.) Mat. xiiL 16 ; Mk. iv. 9 ; 
earan, earen, eren hom. I. 23, 49, 127 ; earen 
Marh. 20 ; a. r. 90 ; o. & n. 338 ; Horn 
(R.) 969 ; earen, aeren FRAG. 5, 7 ; earen, 
ieren ayenb. 204, 257 ; eren Alis. 6448 ; p. s. 
154 ; eres Mand. 205 ; PR. c 782 ; ires Horn 
(L.) 959; jeres (= ieres) Halliw. 946; 
daran, earen (dat.pl.) Mat. xiii. 15 ; Lk. iv. 
21 ; it com ]>e kinge to ere Rob. 492. 

ere-lappe, sb., O.E. earlaeppa ; earlap, rel. 
1.54. 

§ar-prdon, sb., O.E, earpr6on; earring, 
* inauris,* FRAG. 2. 

6re-ring, sb., earrin^^ WiCL. Job xlii. 11. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1 86 



eare. 



east. 



^er-wigge, sb., 0>E. earwicga; earwig, PR. 

i\ 143*- 
earedr adj,^ from eare; eared {having a 

kaHdh)\ erid WicL. NUM. iv. 7. 
earen, v., from ear; r^w^ /«/^ ear\ atte 

crestejnasse barlicb beginnef eere K. COL. 

earewe, see arwsr 

[eorfetJ, sb., O./^, earfo¥, earfe¥e, = 0,N, erfi^i, 
erfa^i, OX.G. arbed, arbid, arbedi, arbidi, 
arvithi, (XFr/s. Jirbeid «., c/. 6^^M. arbai|)s, 
O.N.U. arbeit/; /n^ur, tribulation,] 
earf6j>-, earveff-aifj, sb., (?.^. earfo¥sI^; 
caiiimity^ frag. 5. 

earfefS, adj., 0.£. carfo^e, earfe^e, = 0,N, 

erfi^T ; diffiadt i earf(e)^ [erve^] Kath. 999 ; 

erve^ [an e^] for te paien A. R. 108 ; aife^ 

Orm. J 7334 ; erveSer (compar.) HOM. II. 63. 

arvetJ-flnde, adj., difficult to find^ HOM. II. 

arve?!-for{50, adj., difficult to effect^ HOM. II. 

erret^-helde, adj., difficult to holdj P. L. S. 
viJi, 157 ; arefe¥heald(e) HOM. II. 229. 
ervetS-liehe, adv., O.E, earfo'^lice ; with diffi- 
culty^ A. K, 32B ; arve^liche HOM. II. 123. 

earve^-, arfe'S-j erfe'Snesse, sb., 0,E, ear- 
fo^ness ; difficulty, HOM. I. 21, 105, 223. 
fiBrfeS-telle, adj., difficult to count, innumer- 
ahh\ HOM. I. 231, 
arvetJ-winne, adj., difficult to win, HOM. II. 
49. 

earm, sb-, O.E. et^rmj—O.Fris, erm, O.L.G.y 
OM.G. arm, O.A\ armr, Goth, arms, Zo/. 
armus ^ arrn^ HOM- I. 189; erm 213; aerm 
[arm] LA3. 28040 ; arm ROB. 17; Mand. 172 ; 
an arm of [>e se Trist. 2246; arum Hav. 
1982 ; earm© {dta,) A. R. 112 ; earmes (//.) 
La^, 1872 ; Show. [23 ; earmes, ermes A. R. 
394, 403 ; arraes TREAT. 1 39; (fns. arrmess) 
Orm- 7616; rormen, armen {dat, pL) Laj. 
3233, 21S69 ; arme misc. 150. 
erm-Sddre, sb., brachial vein, a. R. 258. 
arm-hole, ^.^arm -hole, armpit \ (ms, harm-) 
voc. 345. 

earm% arm, sb., 0,E, earm, = O.L:G, arm, 
O.Fris. erm, OM.G, arm, OM, armr, Goth. 
arms ; poor^ misirnble, H. M. 9 ; aerm on his 
mode La^. 6608 \ earme steorve Marh. 12 ; 
fet cErmc folc Sax, chr. 253 ; ))e arme gume 
REL. L J&6; his erme saule HOM. I. 27; 
©arme {tiat. n,) HoM. I. 35 ; ermne {ace. m.) 
1 15 ; earme (//.) P. L. S. viii. I15 ; arme O. 
& N, 537 ; rormeat {superL) LA3. 14893 » 
carmest JUL. 53 \ deriv. ermen. 
arm-heortedt adj,, tender-hearted, merciful, 
HOM, IL 95. 

armhertneese, sb., mercy, HOM. II. 95. 
erm-Iio, adj., 0.£. eannlTc ; poor, miserable. 



HOM. I. 115 ; aermliche bijirungen LA5. 9435; 
srmliohe, armliche {dat.pl.) La^ 593, 1046. 
earming, sb., O.E, earming, erming, yrming, 
= M.Du. arminc, ermine ; poor, miserable 
creature ; )>a erming sauten HOM. I. 41 ; 
erming FRAG. 7 ; makede him . . . erming {a 
pauper) HOM. II. 61 ; o. & N. iiii; aerming 
La^. 16690; earminges (pL) Misc. 69 (erm- 
inges HOM. II. 230). 
earmSe, sb., O.^. earm^u, erm^u, ynn^u,= 
O.H.G. armida ; misery, H. M. 27 ; enn^e 
Mk. xii. 44; HOM. 1. 113^ serm%e Laj. 
16 1 43 ; armj)e rel. I. 182. 
earn, sb., O.E. eam,= MX.G. am, O.N. 6m, 
(gen. amar), cf O.H.G. aro {gen. aren), Goth. 
ara {gen. arins) ; eagle, A. R. 134; aem Laj. 
2826; Orm. 5880; em Hav. 572; Will. 
3105; OCTOV. (W.) 196; Launf. 268; ara 
AYENB. 61 ; ernes {gen.) rel. I. 209 ; ROR 
177; eames (^/.) a. r. 196; aemes, araes 
[eames {m^. heames)] LA5. 21753, *1755> 
ernes Man. (F.) 10202. 
eamien, v., O.E. earnian, cf. M.Du, amen, 
eraen, O.H.G. amen; eam\ emien HOM. 1. 7; 
arae N. P. 14; eameS {pres.) H. M. 19; 
eamie je hom. I. 41 ; emede {Pret.) HOM. 
II. 5; earned {pple.) Kath. 2255; comp. 
^e-, of-eamien. 
eaminge, vbL n., O.E. eaming, eamung; 
earning, merit, MISC. 60 ; eminge P. L. S. viii. 
32; ernunge HOM. I. 19; eamingeB {pi.) P. 
L. S. viii. 161. 
ease, see aise. 

east, sb., O.E. east, = O.Fris. ast, M.Du. 
oost, O.N. aust(-ma¥r) ; east, H. M. 11 ; east 
{in the east) and west feor and neor i do 
wel faire mi mester o. & N. 923 ; ))et ieast 
AYENB. 124; bat aest & west & su)> & norJ» 

tis middelaera biluken Orm. 12 125 ; verden 
eo aest [est] {eastward) Laj. 10590; est 
'oriens* PR. P. 143 ; GEN. & ex. 829; toward 
J>an est Brd. 2 ; est and west P. s. 331 ; i 
shall walk eest MIR. PL. 172. 

.^st-flBngle, pr. n., O.E. Eastengle ; East- 
Angles, LA5. 12253 ; Estangle ROB. 4. 

Sst-dale, sb., O.E. eastdael ; eastern part, 
Orm. 16400. 

fist-ende [easteande], sb., O.E. eastende ; 
east-end, LA5. 28305. 

eBt-3et, sb., east gate, HOM. I. 5 ; estjate 
Trev. IV. 451. 

fist-halve, sb., O.E. easthalf ; east part, 
Laj. 29287. 

east-lond, sb., O.E. eastland ; the east : alle 
be meistres weren in estlonde {dot.) Kath. 
(E.) 535. 

east-partie, sb., east, east division, Mand. 
156. 

Sst-riohe, sb., the east, hom. II. 45. 

Sst-see, pr. n., O.E. eastsse ; east sea, P. L. S. 
xiii. 18. 



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dast. 



OBX. 



587 



pr. n., O.E. Eastseaxe; Essex, 
Misc 146; iCstsaex [Estsex] Laj. 15390 ; Est- 
sex Rob. 3. 

ftst-Bide, sb., east-side, La). 21798 ; estside 
Rob. 2. 

east- ward, adv., 0,E. eastweard ; eastward, 
FRAG. 5 ; estward Brd. 2. 
est-wind, sb., east-wind, PR. P. 143. 

easten, adv., 0,E. eastan,=O.A^. austan, 
0,L.G, ostan, dstane, 5stana, 0,H,G, 5stana ; 
eastward; esten fro*¥a(n) GEN. & EX. 1264; 
A. R. 232 ; Man. (H.) 45 ; bi este Horn (L.) 
1325 ; p. L. s. xviii. 2 ; fram be easte Shor. 
122. 

easter, sb., 0,E, caster (/wi.eastres,//.eastro) 
».,eastre (pi, eastran, eastron),^ OJf.CostrB. 
(pi. ostrun)/. ; Easter; ester Brd. 7; )>a£estre 
[caster] wes a^onge Laj. 24195 ; aster MiRC 
143; ieBtre(^.) AYENB.213; ananeaestere 
Laj. 24143 ; astcre AUD. 41 ; Ed. 3140 ; 
eastre (pi,) Mat. xxvi. 2 ; eastren Mk. xiv. 
I; ecstem ^pascha^ PR. P. 143; dastren 
(dot, pL) Sax. chr. 256 ; befor estren E. w. 
40 ; m estem (tns. esterne) gen. & ex. 3290. 

easteivdeiy sb., 0,E. easterdaeg, = OJi,G. 
ostcrtag; Easter-day, HOM. I. 123; esterdei 
a. r. 412. 

ester-eTOiiy sb., 0,E, easteraefen; Easter- 
eve, A. R. 70 ; HOM. II. 95 ; estcreve Trey. V. 
189. 

ester-festey sb., Easter-feast, RoB. 441. 

§a8ter-lio, adj., 0,E. easterlTc, = OM,G, 
ostarllch ; Easter : fram ])an esterliohe (dot,) 
dcic HOM. I. 89. 

&8ter-lomb, sh,,= Ger, osterlamm; paschal 
lamb, Ed. 88. 

eater-morewey sb., = Ger, ostermorgen; 
Easter morning, SPEC. 96. 

§8ter-tid, sb., O.E. eastertid (treat. 6) ; 
Easter-tide, HOM. I. 87 ; estertide WILL. 
1417 ; Ar. & Mer. 2849. 
easteme, adj., O.E. easterne; eastern: of 
aestcrac (t ms. acstene) weorlde Laj. 27393. 
eatel, see atel. eateiiy see eten. 

eaS, adj., O.E. ea¥e, e¥e, y¥e (easy, desert), 
= OJ..G. othi (easy), O.H.G. odi (easy, desert), 
0,N. au^r (empty), Goth, aubs (ipr)tios) ; easy, 
KATH.626 ; HOM. 1. 279 ; aef Orm. 13012 ; e^ 
him wes on heorten Laj. 2234 ; )>a wes his 
bimc ae¥e 8178 ; an his mode him wes )« ae¥e 
22359 ; is ... e% to overkesten A. R. 274 ; eb 
Rob. 327 ; Gow. 1. 60 ; Min. v. 47 ; Man. (H.) 
194; eth Will. 3571 ; c))e Gaw. 676; a. p. i. 
1201; Ch. Tro. v. 850; bli¥e hi biej> and 
ea^c HiCKES I. 224; eaXe (adv.) hom. II. 
173; ea¥e meiht tu beon prut A. R. 276; 
ea^c, ic))e P. L. s. viii. 143; aB))e Orm. 17676; 
cbe Horn (R.) 61; c. l. 1281 ; i))e Horn 
(L) 57 ; §)>ere (compar.) Lk. v. 23 ; hwae^er 
is e^re to scggene Mk. ii. 9; mid e)>ran 



ledene frag, i ; ^ ae^ (easier) fe seal iwui^Sen 
La). 22100 ; comp. \in-daSe. 

dS-b§te, adj., easy to amend, HOM. II. 63. 

eaV-fjEiQe, adj., easily overcome: ho is ea%- 
falle (v. r.for d5-fallen), A. R. 62. 

dtS-fele, adj., easily felt, A. R. 194. 

§)>-getey adj., O.E. ea¥gete ; easily got, MISC. 
74. 

dS-healdOy adj., O.E. e^ylde; easily held 
\^contenti% Lk. iii. 14. 

dtS-lete, adj., lightly esteemed, P. L. s. viii. 
37 1 \^ o}>re m^ines wif was lef, his awene 
e¥lete 130. 

dt$e*lio» adj., O.E. ea¥e-, e¥e-, y^elTc, = O JV. 
au^igr ; easy, light, trifling, HOM. I. 21 ; 
e^lich Jul. 13 ; on e^clich stiche A. k. 282 ; 
)>urh e^liche dede Las. 24921 ; for ae)>elike 
gilte Orm. 10172 ; e¥eUche & wake HOM. I. 
255; e^eliche men II. 35; iBB)>eli5 (adv.) 
Orm. 12534; be Sl'elikeste (superl.) ston is 
crista] Fl. & Bl. 274. 

§t^-luke, adj., easily pulled, Jul. 70. 

§ad-mdde, sb., O.E. ead-,ea¥medu,= O.Z.^. 
5dm5di, O.H.G. 6t-, odmuoti ; grace : )>urh 
his sdmeden La^. 10013; and ^eomeden 
Allures gri^ & his a^meden 21866. 

dad-mede, adj., O.E. eadmede,= (9.Z.(7. 6d- 
modi, OH.G. otmuoti ; humble: ]>e edmeda 
riche HOM. I. 115. 

Sd-mod, adj., O.E. ead-, ea^mod ; humble, 
gracious, ^humilis,* FRAG. 3 ; A. R. 158; MISC. 
141 ; ed-, admod hom. II. 89, 187; he was 
aedmod & milde Orm. 2887 ; Adznode (pi.) 
HOM. L 1 1 5 ; mid aedmode worden LA3. 22422 ; 
we ahte to beon )>e edmdddre (comp.) hom. 
1.5. 

Sdm5d-le^o, sb., humility, Orm. 19297. 
eadmdd-liohey adv., O.E. eadmodlice ; 
humbly, graciously, HOM. II. 141 ; edmod- 
liche A. R. 94 ; se¥modliche La^. 26288 ; 
aedmodli^ Orm. i 108. 

eadmodnessey sb., 6>.^. eadmodness ; hu' 
mility, graciousness, HOM. 1. 17 ; edmodnesse 
A. R. 8 ; Misa 193 ; aedmodnesse Orm. 192 18. 

ed-modi, adj., O.E. eadmddig ; humble : 
)>a edmodies (gen.) monnes bonen A. R. 246. 

dS-sene, adj., easily seen, plain, Kath. 381 ; 
e^ene, ^cene A. R. 116. 

§S-wixmey adj., easy to win, HOM. II. 49. 
eaSieiiy v., ease ; dSede (ms. e^ede) (pret.) 
his sorge GEN. & EX. 1439. 
eaV-modien, v., O.E. eadmodian ; humble ; 
dadmodie'S (imper.) A. R. 278*; (he) §ad- 
mdde(de) (pret.) hine seolfne HOM. I. 17. 
eau, see A. eaul, see awel. 
eaver, see ever, eaw, see e&. 
[eaweiiy v., O.E. €awan, eowan, Towan, lewan, 
ywan, = O.Fris. auwa, O.H.G. ougen, Goth. 
augjan ; show ; comp. 0Bt-^wen.] 
eckx, sb., O.E. eax, sex, acas (Mat. \\y^6),^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m 



eax* 



ed-l£ohen. 



O.N. fix, O.L.G. acus, OM.G. achus, Gofh. 
aqui ; oayj a, r. 3B4 ; eax, aex Laj. 2312, 
6473- cex ''s^curis* frag. 4 ; axevoai96; 
Ohm. 10063^ Rob. 17 ; ax [axe] WiCL. Mat. 
ill, 10; Ch. l. g. w, 2000; ax voc. 234; 

0. ^ N, 65S; HAV, 1894; LEG. 47; S. S. 

(Web.) 384 ; Majjd, 251 ; P. S. 222 ; ex PR. P. 
144; \\. DISC. n£io; eaxe {dat) Laj. 2310; 
axen {dat. pL) LA5. 747B ; comp, bol-, brftd-, 
hand-, wi-eftx(-ax). 
[eaXr sb,, O.ir. eaxj = 0*H.G, ahsa, Zo/. axis ; 

ax-^treo, sb., axie-lreet Jul. 56; axtre MiRC 
334 ; ax-^ extre WiCL, ECCLUS. xxxiii. 5 ; extre 
voc. 180; PR. p. 145 1 Ch. astr. i. 14. 

eaxle, sb., LXE. caxl, = O.Fris. axle, 0,N, 
oxlj 0,L.C. ahsla, lKH.G, ahsla, ahsela^ 
ahsila, Ltj/, axilla ; shoulder; aexle, exle La^ 
2263, 1S032; eaxle {//.) LEECHD. III. I20; 
Lk, XV, 5; exlan i\lAT. xxiii. 4; axeles 
[''smpu/ix '\ PS, xc. 4 ; he hit ber^ an his eaxlun 
HOM. 1. 245, 

eban, sb.j Laf. ebenus, G^. tfitvos; ebony ^ 
PR. P. 13S' 

ebbe, sb., 0,E, ebbaj O.Fris, ebba, ebbe ; ebbj 
Alis. 61S4; Ch, C, t. F2S9\ Man. (F.) 
12317. 

ebbinp v*^ O^E, ebbian j ebb, PR. P. 135 ; ebbe 
Lun. Cov. 56; abbe or flowe M. T. 131; 
ebb«tJ {fires.} REL. I. 12S ; ebbej) TREAT. 137. 
ebbinge, vbl. n.j ebbmgy HOM. II. 177. 

ebtire, see Sbere* 

eC| see eae. 

ecoo, sb., LeU. ech5 ; echo, PR. p. 135. 

eeh, see aighwilc. ^cho, see Aohe. 

eohe, adj,^ t?,£^. ece ; eternal, Mat. xix. 16 ; 
KaTH. 302; a, R. loS ; REL. I. I30; ORM. 
971; o. &: x\. 1279; eche reste HiCKES I. 
334 \ jjet eche fur frag, 7 ; in eche {forever) 
Jul. 35 ; eches {gen, m,} Mk. iii. 29 ; eohere 
(r/ti/.y.) Anol. VI 1. 220 ; comp, efen-eohe. 
eohe*liCr adj., O.E. ecellc; eternal: ¥eo 
echeliche riche HOM. 1. 139 ; II. 23 ; Kath. 
23S7- 
eche-liclie, adv., eternally, FRAG. 7 ; HOM. 

1. 139. 

ecneeae, sb., O.E. ecness, ecnyss ; eternity , 

Marh. 7 ; Kath. 664; echnesse Lk. i. 33 ; 

HOM. I. 109^ 251; cchcnesse A. R. 144. 
eche, sb., ?— eake; fbicrease\ wi)>oute wane 

and eche Shor, 10, 
eoh&d, sb., 0,E, cced, aeced, = (7.Z.(7. ecid, 

fromLat,^ct\MVi\\ vinegar \ aeched Lk. xxiii. 

36 ; echede idai,) Mat. xxvii. 48. 
echen, v., 0,E. ecan, ycan,=(9.Z.(7. 6kian,r/C 

CKH.G. auchon ; from 0,E. *ea<3an (pfple, 

eacen)^ Goth, aukan {pret, aiauk), Lat, augere, 

mvd.Eng. eke ; increase, augment, A. R. 124 ; 

to echen Jrin ahte R* s. v ; echan Lk. xii. 25 ; 

a;chcn [echej La^. 13065; eche Rob. 199; 



SPEC 92; Shor. 38; Alis. 6026; Wicu 
ECCLUS. xviii. 5 ; echen, eken hom. II. 31, 
57 ; eken Orm. ded. 57 ; eke Man. (H.) 
176; PR. c. 3256; Sche (pres,) Ch. Tro. '. 
705 ; eche^ hom. 1. 103 ; ekes [* adjiciet'\ PS. 
xl. 9 ; eked {pple,) PL. CR. 244. 
eehinge, sb., addition ; eking Wint. vhl 
viii. 53; Gow. II. 22; i shal putte upon 
Dibon eoohing^ua (//.) WiCL. Is. xv. 9. 
eohiiiy sb.| Lat, echinus, Gr, txlvos ; echinus 
sea-urchin \ eehinnis (pL) Ch. Boet. iii. 9 
(82). 

eohnesse, see eonesse under eohe. 

eohte, see fihte. 

eolipse, sb., Fr, eclipse; eclipse, Langl. Cxxi. 

140 ; esclepis [clipes, clippis] c. M. 16814. 
eclipsOy v., eclipse ; eolipaen (pres.) Gow. II. 

153. 
ecliptik, adj. and sb., ecliptic : the ecliptik 

line Ch. astr. i. 21 (12) ; a latitude fro the 

ecliptik ii. 4 (19). 
eoneiLy see eaonen. 
[ed-, prefix, O.E. ed-, Goth, id-, O.N. i«-, 0. 

H.G, it- ; again, bach.] 
ed, see Sad. 

odder- worty see under addre. 
eddesty edist, adj. superl., ffor oddist, se^ 

od; f distinguished in war, D. Troy. 5324, 

5950. 
eddre, see addre. 
dddre, sb., 0,E. aedre, aeddre,= C^.Frr >. eddre, 

O.H,G, adra; vein; (ms. heddre) rel. II. 273 ) 

dddren (pL) a. r. 258 ; comp. erm-dddre. 
ede, see Sode. 
edera, sb., ImI, hedera; ivy: crownid with 

edera WiCL. 2 Macc. vi. 7 ; eder Jon. iv. 6. 
ed-gan, v. ; ich schal . . . undervongen dea^es 

wunde and ich hit wulle heorteliche vorto 

ofgan [edgan C] fine heorte A. R. 390. 
ed-gro(w)e, sb., prov.Eng. edgrow, ed- 

growth; aftermath, PR. P. 135. 
ed-healdeiiy v., f retain; edhalde {ffortt- 

halde) hom. I. 149. 
ediy see eadl 
edifloationy sb., a building; edifioaoiounB 

(pi.) Trev. I. 405. 
edifien, v., Fr. ^d\^^r,from Lat. aedificare, 

mod.Eng. edify; build, make, form \^edifi- 

care'], WiCL. gen. xi. 8* ; edifie Langl. B 

xviii. 43 ; WiCL. DEEDS XX. 32 ; edifiede 

ipret.) the rib into a woman GEN. ii. 22 ; 

edefiede an auter viii. 12. 
[edischy sb., O.E. edisc, edesc ; park.] 

edi8(li)-heime, sb. [^ cotumix^], PS. civ. 40. 
edit, sb., OJ^r. edit, Lat. edictum; edict; 

Rob. 568. 
[ed-lsBohen, v., O.E. edlaecan; repeat; comp^ 

3e>edl&ohen.] 



Digitized by 



Google 



ed-ldn. 



efhen. 



i80 



ed-len» sb., 0,E. edlcaxiy^ OJ/.G. itlon; re- 
compensey HOM. I. 103. 

edmody see Sadmdd under 5stS. 

ednessOy see under ead. 

ed-wit> sb., 0,E, edwTt,=O.Z.(?. edwit, Goth, 
idveit, 0,H.G, it-, itawlz; reproach^ blame: )>et 
edwit A. R. 108 ; edwit Rob. 379 ; aedwit Laj. 
5827 ; falle in edwite o. & N. 1233. 

ed-wite, v., O.E. edwitian, cf, Goth, idveitjan, 
O.H,G, itwizon; reproach^ blame^ Langl. B v. 
370; p. L. S. iv. 8 ; edwiteS {pres^ hom. I. 
253 ; edwite^, edwiten H. M. 37; edwite {subj,) 
A. R. 426 ; edwite WiCL. ecclus. viii. 6 ; ed- 
wited (pret.) Langl. Cvii. 421. 
ed-witizig, sb., reproach, blaming \ edwiting 
{var. r. upbreiding) WiCL. wiSD. v. 3*; 
ECCLUS. vi. I*. 

ee, see da^e. eek, see §ao. eest, see ea4rt. 

eem, see eeim. eete, see 6ten. ef, see ifl 

efen, adj. andaidv,, O.E. efen, emn, em,= O. 
/m.even, iven, O.N. iafn, 0,H,G, eban,epan, 
Goth, ibns ; even, equal, Orm. 1840 ; efne & 
sme^ A. R. 2 ; fet is efne wi^ )>e hom. 1. 209 ; 

(Die wi^ efne heorte ))e dom 265 ; ^r seal be 
eh;e beon aefne [efne] )>an lo^e La^. 22920 ; 
his aefne wiht of golde 30835 ; ete . . . enes o 
dai & evene (just) fille hom. II. 67 ; evene 
dom c. L. 490 ; evene juge Ch. C. t. A 1864 ; 
^t make^ ))ane wal emne ayenb. 151 ; 
an emne equally Shor. 7^ ; al an evene 
(quietly) ROB. (W.) 9567 ; emefissen wotden 
. . . Beduer heo gon hirten Laj. 2^939 ; he 
heom wes leof aefne al swa heore lif 13924 ; 
afhe for^ rihten (r. rihte) 22773 ; ich singe 
efne O. & N. 313 ; evene GEN. & ex. 331 ; 
Will. 747; Jwit is evene above fin heved 
treat. 132 ; to bere him evene Ch. C. t. A 
1523; em forth (according to) mi might 2235 ; 
em forth mi wit CH. Tro. ii. 997 ; evene forf 
wij* \\ selve Langl. (Wr.) 1 1637 ; evene weren 
^ endes two LEG. 48 ; whan ])e dai and )>e 
nijt be|) evene Trev. I. 325 ; )>ei ben evene 
wi|>aungels ]^ aequales angelis sunt*] WiCL. 
Lk. XX. 36 ; comp, an-efen. 

efen-ald, adj., O.E. efeneald, = 0,H,G, epan- 
alt; of the satne age, Orm. 18605 ; evenald 
(ms, -hald) H. M. 41 ; evenold, -eld Uoaeta- 
neus* PR. p. 143. 

even-oristene, sh., /ellow-christian, hom. I. 
53; Langl. (Wr.) 3353 ; evencristen c L. 976 ; 
cmcristene HiCKES 1. 223 ; emcristen ayenb. 
10. 

efen-€ohe» adj., O.E. efenece; coetemal, 
Orm. 18582. 

even-hdde, sb., equity \^aequitas% WiCL. 
FS. X. 8. 

e«Bn-heh, adj., 0,E. efenheah, = a/f.^ 
ebenhoh; equally high, Orm. 15720. 

oven-kni^t, ^,, fellow-soldier [* commilito '], 
WiCL. Philip, ii. 25. 

eyeD-l£ohen, v., C?.^. efenlacan; resemble] 



evenlSohetS (pres.) HOM. 1. 113 ; comp, ^e- 
efidnlfiohen. 
geve-lengtSe» sb., OJV, iafnleng^; f equinox^ 

gen. & EX. 147. 
even-lio, adj., 0,E, efenllC, 0,N. iafnligr,= 

Goth, ibnaleiks; equal, Orm. 183; ; eveliche 

MISC. 90 ; gevelic rel. 1. 213 ; gen. & ex. 

282 ; evenliche {cuiv.) rel. I. 172 ; e. \v. 5 ; 

evenli WiCL. Job ix. 32. 
efen-]nahti3» adj., equally mighty, Orm. 

18571. 
efen-mdte, 2Ld],,=^0,H,G, ebenmaii ; of the 

same size, Orm. 3099 ; evenmete PS. xlv iiL 13. 
efennesBe, sb., 0,E, efennyss, emness; 

equity; evennesse [^ aequitas *] WiCL, deut, 

ix. 5 ; evennes PS. x. 8. 
efen-nexta, sb., neighbour, hom. L 17. 
efen-rike» adj., equally powerful^ Orm- 

1 1 868. 
efen-servaunt, sb., fellow-servanf^ WicL, 

APOC xix. 10; eTenserraimtia {pL) Mat. 

xviii. 28. 
efen-Boukere, sb., brother, Wicu 2 Macc. 

ix. 29. 
even-worI>, adj., equivalent, Wicu J OB 

xxviii. 19. 
efen, see Afen. 
efenling, evenlingy sb., O.E. efenlmg- 

equal, HOM. I. 57, 67. 
efeste, see dveste. 
effect, sb., Lai, effectus; effect, fruity purpose ; 

the swete effecte of Aprelle floures P. L. s. 

xxxi. 67 ; mi purchas is th' effect of al mi rent 

Ch. C. t. Z> 1451 ; to tellen hem theffect of his 

entent E 1398 ; took effect Ch. Boet. 1. 4(15)- 
effeotual, adj., effectual', effectuecl Ch. C. 

T. Z>i87o. 
effeotual-li, adv., effectually : effectual! 

WiCL. E. w. 388. 
efTectuos, adj.. Lot. effectuosus; effectual^ 

APOL. 55. 
effectuoii8-li» adv., effectually ^ lud. Coy. 

380. 

effieace, sb., efficacy, a. r. 246. 
efflouren, v., go out of bloom : efflouretli 

(pres,) [^ defforescit^] Pall. iii. 82, 
effirai, sb.,=affrai; terror. Bard. xj. 350. 
effiraieiiy v.,=afftpa7; eflEtallt {ppie^) Barb. 

vii. 610. 

efTusoidiiy sb., dispersion. Chest. 92. 
efiiey sb., O.N. efni ; ability, nature^ A. R. 6, 

372; on mannes efene hom. IL 137 ; after 

his evene according to his ability hom. L 

187 ; bi his evene Kath. 57 ; bi here evene 

p. s. 157. 
efiieiiy v., O.E, efnan, cf. O.N. iafha^ O.H.G, eba- 

non, Goth, (ga-)ibnjan ; render even^ equalise, 

Orm. 1396 ; evenen h. m. 19; WiCL. Is. xxviii, 

25 ; evenin ^ aequo* PR. p. 143 ; emni aVenb. 



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Google 



19^ 



efoeh. 



egiptisch* 



16 ; ©fneW, evened (pres.) A. R. 82, 132 ; oure 

loverd him silf him evenef to so)misse ))ere 

Bek. 1629 ; efiiede {pret,) A. R. 126 ; efhed, 

evened ipple^ hom. II. 103, 211 ; evened PS. 

Ixxxviii. 7; comp. yb'BtTLBn. 
efoLng, sb., O.N. iafningi ; equal, HOM. 1. 191 ; 

A. R. j83 ; efning. efcning Orm. 10702, 10991 ; 

eveniTig Kath. 119 ; o. & n. 772 ; MiRC 1229 ; 

Jjet nevede on eor^ non evening MISC 95. 
efre, see S&e. 
©ft^ adv., tKE. eft, ^dt,= O.L.G,y O.FHs.eft; 

afterwards; again, KATH. 1449; Orm. 181 ; 

REU L 225 ; GKN. ^\: EX. I169; C L. 751 ; 

Will. S82; Langl. -^xvii. in; Gow. II. 
264 ; Ch. C. T. ^ 166^ ; Mand. 14 ; WiCL. 
GEN. XV iL 9 : HoccL. I. 408 ; aevric mon seal 
eft movven bi )>on J>e he nu sawe^ HOM. 1. 137 ; 
dude hit efi & eft a. k, 266 ; wanne he come eft 
aje Rob. 220 j and ever eft he was lame B. 
DISC. 477 ; eft, itft La^. 3264, 6445 ; efte ROB. 
(W.) 3628' ; and eft aone (eftsoons) cume ))ar 
10 o. & N. S21 ; ef sone Rob. (W.) 1896. 

eft, sK, }^0.E. a^fest, aefst; f malice \ eft 
and ni)>e and felounie M. H. 130; eft and 
nithe and fclanni 125 ; iowes hauis eft and 
nJthe at me for the ferlikes that i kithe 35, 

efter, see sfter, 

eft^sone, adv., see under eft. 

©ft- white, v., f repay r TOWNL. 106. 

eg, see hi, 

egal, adj., 0,Fr. esgal, egual, igal, from Lat 
aequalis; equal \ under ioure ierde egal to 
min offence Ch, Tko. iii. 88 ; egalle (//.) 
Cr. LOVE 1 04 1 ; E. G. 401. 

©gal'Ii, adv,, wiih equanimity, impartially, 
cr, LOVE 365 ; agrcableli or egali CH. Boet. 

"* 4 (43)' 

egaJite, sb., 0,Fr egaut^, egalit^. Lot. aequa- 
litas ; etfenness of mind, equanimity', she is as 
these martires m egalite Ch. C. T. / 949 ; 
egalite Ch. Boet. ii. 4(42). 

e|e,6i^©, sb.p O.E.ege, OJV.agi = 0.//".Cr.egi m,, 
for GoiL agis n. ; awe^ terror, HOM. 1. 99, 1 13 ; 
lufe nc foreje(wJ. e^ge) ORM. 4481 ; 2^he 7185 ; 
eige Mat. Ki\'. 26 ; eige, age GEN. & EX. 432, 
35 50; ei^e, aiije, eie, eaie LA5. 4733, 9126, 
9129, 22881 ; J>ene muchelne aeie [eie (ms, 
eye)] 16143; eie v. l. s. viii. 140; Marh. 
5 ; a, R. 4ifi ; Fl. &: Bl. 302 ; P. S. 196 ; eie 
BEIC.282; REL. 1. 116; Rich. 3609; h. s. 38; 
|>ou haddcsi of him non eie Man. (F.) 2894 ; 
a^e 1850 ; eie, irie SAX. CHR. 261, 266; aghe 
TowNL. 305 ; ah 5c LEG. CATH. 88 ; aighe Ar. 
&; Mer. 465 ; of wham men stondef aie Fer. 
408 ; aie, a\^'e Alis.* (Sk.) 1243 ; awe ^pavor, 
terror' PR. P. 17 ; Hav. 277 ; Ch. C. t. A 
654 ; HoccL. i. 383 ; for love ne for awe 
WlLt. 5430 ; aue c. M. 18050. 
©i-fold, adj\, haug^iiy, ROB. (W.) 7729*. 
ei'ful, adj., O^E. egefuU ; awful, Kath. 40 ; 
a^hefui Orm. 7172 ; eiftille (pL) word hom. 
11. Zli ahefuUe develes 1. 271. 



e^e-le&8, adj., O.E. egeleas,=OJVr. agalauss; 

aweless, fearless, Orm. 6191 ; s^lez Gaw. 

2335 ; sielase (pL) Laj. 19410. 
sie-leste, sh,, fearlessness, Laj. 19291. 
ei-lioh, adj.,= 0,H.G. egillh ; terrible, HOBi. 

II. 5 ; aghhch Gaw. 136 ; ajeliohe (adv.) 

A. r. 56* ; ajli A. P. ii. 937. 
e;e, see §8^e. 

egede, adj. {etymology unknown, cf Agede) ; 
foolish, silly, for nawt ne J>unche hit hire 

egede H. M. 39 ; his egede orhel Marh. ii ; 

hwu egede )>ing is orhel A. R. 283 ; {printed 

a gade) S. S. (Web.) 2638. 
e^ern, adj., }=0.N. agiam; lascivious; ^s 

oref is swi¥e egeme hom. II, 37. 
[ejese, eise, sb., O.E. egesa,, egssL,= 0,L.G., 

0.//,G. egiso m,j' terror^ 
sijes-iUl, adj., 0,E. egesfuU; fearful, ter- 
rible, LA5. 17972 ; eisftil HOM. I. Ill ; Marh. 

9 ; {printed eifful) A. R. 190. 
eis-lio, adj., 0,E. egeslIc,=(9.Z.C7. egisllc; 

terrible, FRAG. 3 ; hom. I. 87 ; eisliche wihtc 

P. L. S. viii. 142 ; eiseliche hom. II. 67. 
egg, see 6L 
egge, sb., O.E. ecg,=O.Fris. eg, O.M egg, 

OX.G, eggia, OM.G. ekka, Lat. acies ; edge, 

'aaes,* PR. P. 136 ; Laj. 5202; Orm. 6639; 

Alis. 1271 ; B. DISC 1923 ; WiCL. Hebr. xi. 

34 ; L. H. R. 136 ; mid sweordes eg^ A. r. 60 ; 

under a wode egge Jos. 475 ; fe hi^est of fe 

eggez A. P. ii. 451. 

eghelinge, adv., edgeivise, M. Arth. 3676. 
egge-tdl, sb., edge-tool, Will. 3755 ; Gow. 

II. 251. 
egged, adj., O.E. ecged, = OJI, eggia^r ; ed^ed, 

Man. (F.) 7862 ; a . • . knif iegged in eijjcr 

side Rob. 31a 
eggement, sb., from eggen; incitement: 

thurgh wommanes eggement [egment] CH. 

C. t. B 842. 
eggen, v., 0,N. eggia, cf, modJEng, ^^ on ; 

provoke, incite, A. R. 146 ; Orm. i 1819 ; eggin 

^incito* PR. P. 136; eggeS (pres,) rel. I. 

131 ; eggede {pret.) leb. Jes. 897 ; Trev. 

IV. 93; egged Will. 1130; pr. c 5483; 

Adam and Eve he eggede (heggen) to (don) 

ille Langl..#4 i. 63 ; %gg\^&ii\^provocaverunt^] 

WiCL. DEUT. xxxii. 16. 
eggunge, vbl. n., egging on, instigation, A. R. 

82 ; eggunge, egginge H. M. 5 ; egging Orm. 

1 1675 ; A. P. ii. 241 ; PR. C. 5487. 
eggen, v.,^M.Du. egghen, O.H.G. eckan; 

cf. ei}>e ; harrow : eggen o))er harwen Langl. 

Cvi. 19. 
eghelinge, see under egge. 
Egipoian, sb., Egyptian, Wicl. deeds vii. 24. 
egipstone, sb., gypsum, voc. 94. 
Egipte, pr. n., Egypt : of Egipte londe hom. 

I. II. 
egiptisoh, adj., O.E. egyptisc; Egyptian: 

)>am egiptissen folche (r. folce) HOM. I. 87. 



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egle. 



er-. 



191 



egle, sb., O.Fr, egle, aigle ; eagle, Mand. 48 ; 

Ch. C. t. A217S; egle is era Man. (F.) 

13757. 
e^eche, adj., O.E, aeglaeca, aglaeca; fMd, 

valiant; knihtes egleche REL. I. 170 (MISC 

102) ; slei^e men and egleche S. A. L. 148 ; ]>e 

lefdj was egleche Rob. (W.) xx. 125. 
e;len, see eilen. 
eglentier, sb., O.Fr. eglenter, eoglentier; 

eglantine f Mand. 14. 
egre, adj., O.Fr, egre, aig^ ; eager, RoB. 80 ; 

REL. II. 277; Will. 3636; Ch. C. t. E 

1199; WiCL. PS. Cvi. II. 

egre-lioh, adv., eagerly, Langl. B xvi. 64. 
egpren, v., 0,Fr. aigrier; urge, excite : egren 

him to done felonies Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (141) ; 

he . . . egerd (firet.) him with D. Troy 7329. 
63^, see eahte. e^te, see fihte. ehe, see 

ea^e. ehte, see eahte. ehte, see fihte. 
ehten, v., O.E, eh tan ; persecute ; ?egte GEN. 

& EX. 470. 

ebtere, sb., 0,E. ehtere; ^ persecutor,^ 

frag. 2. 

ehtendOy see eahtuVe. 
ei, mt,= Af,//.G. ei ; alas; ei Ch. C. t. A 

3768; ei god AYENB. 105; ei what is me 

HoccL. i. 393. 
ei, egg, sb., O.E. seg, O.N. egg,^ O.I/.G. ei ; 

egg; ey, o. & N. 104; RoB. 404; Gow. III. 76 ; 

Ch. C. t. B 4035 ; Wicl. Lk. xi. 12 ; Lidg. 

M. p. 204 ; s. & c. I. xxix ; ei, ei^ LEG. 124, 

125 ; non eij (ms. no neij) Will. 83 ; ei, ai 

Gam. 610; aig Lk. x. i, 12; ai Alis. 568; 

Trist. 3167 ; Man. (H.) 175 ; ei, eg pr. p. 

136; eie (ms. eye) (dat.) treat. 132; fi^re 

[O.E. a^gnif=OJ/.G. eigir] (pi.) leechd. III. 

134; eiren a. R. 66; P. L. s. xii. 60; eyren 

AYENB. 178; Mand. 49; Lidg. m. p. 29; 

L. c a 7 ; egges Langl. ^ x. L 343 ; s. & c. 

II. Ivi ; eir (gen. pi.) monger, egg-seller, 

P. U S. xii. 69 ; eire (dat. pi.) o. & N. 106 ; 

comp. adel-, gos-ei. 

ai-sohelle, sb., egg-shell, Alis. 577. 
ei, see fini. 
[eio, sb., O.E. eg, lg,=M.Du. ei, O.N. ey /. ; 

island]. 

M-lond, sb., O.E. eg',ig\ajid,=Af.Du. eiland, 

O.N. eyland; island, REL. I. 220; eland 

Man. (H.) 77; ilond LA5. 1133*; Ocrov. 

(W.) 539 ; iland Trist. 1024. 
eie, see eje. eie, see @a^e. eier, see heir. 
eij, see §L 

ei^e, see e^. ei^e, see ga^e. 
ei^, eihte, see eahte. ei^tene, see ehtetene 

under eahte. §ihte, see Shte. 
eihwer, see aihwer. eiland, see under eie. 
eile, sb., O.E. tg\/. (point, bit of straw) egla 

(ear of com) voc 38, cfX.G. aile/ (arista) ; ear 

of com, bit of straw, ^ acusi Halliw. ^43; 

]^ eigle ^festucam '] Lk. vi. 41 ; ellen (//.) 

A. R. 270. 



eile, adj., O.^". egIe,=(7^M. aglus; grievous, 
painful: eile and hard c. L. 223 ; eile Bev. 
513 ; fat water wes stume and eile (ms. eille, 
r. w. seile) heore ))uhte swij>e eille [eil] of 
ae¥elene hire faedere Laj. 3281 ; eil h. m. 
25. 

eile, sh.,=Goth. agio (d\l^is); pain: de^lesse 
eile to ))en eien a. r. 50, 

eilen, v., O.E. eg\an,=GotA. (us-)agljan; ail, 
annoy, be pair^ul, A. R. 276 ; Rich. 3629 ; 
ejlen Orm. 4767 ; eili H. M. 47 ; eileS (pres.) 
Kath. 1699; what eile)> fe Fer. 1560 ; Ch. 
C. T. B 108 1 ; i wot wel what siknesse 50U 
eilef Langl. Bv\. 259; eilie (subj) a. r. 
418 ; )>is eisful wiht ))et hit ne eile [eili] me 
nawiht Marh. 9; eilede (pret^ Will. 951 ; 
ailed (pple.) Gaw. 438 ; MiN. ix. 28. 

eimeri, eimbre, sb., O.E. aemerge, O.N. 
eimyrja ; ember, ^prunaj PR. p. 136. 

eir, see air, eire and heir. 

eire, see iren. 

eire, sb., O.Fr. erre, cf mod.Eng. 'justices in 
eyre ; * swiftness, journey : alle the flote com 
wib gret eire Man. (F.) i486; as fe ssipes 
wip gret eir [heir, ire] come toward londe 
Rob. (W.) 1183 ; fe eire of iustize Rob. (W,) 

10647. 
eirede, see dr§de. 

eiren, v., O.Fr. errer, oirrer ; journey ; aires 

(pres.) D. Arth. 1329. 
eischste, see aekien. 

else, see aise and e^eee. eiselich, see aisle, 
eisien,. v., O.E. egesian, egsian, = O.H.G. 

egis5n ; terrify ; fet he his men eisian ne der 

HOM. I. III. 
eifiil, sb., O.Fr. aissel ; vinegar, A. R. 402 ; 

C L. 1150; eisel R. R. 217; MiRC 1884; 

Aud. 64 ; eisel, aisel WiCL. num. vL 3, Mk. 

XV. 36 (v. r. vinegre); CM. 18019; aisiles 

(gen.) John xix. 29; mid eisile (earlier 

version ecede) Mk. xv. 36. 
eit, sb., fO.E. igo>S; cat (eyot), small island; 

J>an aeit La^. 23873. 
eit-lond, sb., small island, La^ 1 117. 
eitete)>e,eiteti, eite)>e, see el3te-t6o)'e under 

eahte. 
ei)>e, sb., O.E. ege¥, \—M.Du. egede, M.L.G. 

egede, eide, O.H.G. egida; harrow; ei]>es 

(pi.) Langl. Cxxii. 273. 
eil^er, see SiSer. 

ek, see eac. eke, see Sake. 6ken, see dken. 
eken, see eohen. eking, see eohing. 
eker, sb., sotpib sea-monster : thei woneth in 

water iwis with eker \y.r. iker] and fisch 

Alis. 6172 ; ekeris (//.) 6202. 
ekni, see eaonen. 
[el-, O.E. el-, ael-, eie-, cf. O.L.G. eli-, O.H.G. 

cli-, el-, Goth, alja-, Lat. ali-, Gr. a^o-^ 
el-h§owed, adj., changed in colour : his leor 

dea^ich ant blac ant eiheowit hom. I. 249. 



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192 



el-. 



elmesse. 



©le-lende, sb*, O.E. ele-, ellende, 0,H.G. 
el i , e I len t i ; ( exiled) foreigner ; aliande * ^;r- 
trantus^ PR. F. 9. 
ele-lendiB, ©lendlB, adj., 0,E, elelendisc; 
foreign ; {*ns. he lend is) HOM. I. 79, 81. 
el-reordl, adj.^ O.E. elreordig; speaking 
another language^ barbarous ; elreordi (/ tns, 
welrcordi ) feond LAJ. 25658. 
el-l^eod, sb., O.K. t\\^oA\ foreign nation: 
for alfieodene {gen, pi) gold LA5. 2327. 

el'Seodi, adj., O.E. elfeodig;^^.^;^;*, A. R. 
548* ; aljieodi FKAG> 3. 

al-)r»eodlflc, adj.. 0,E, elbeodisc ; y&r«]g7i, 
La^. 2301 ; eal^SeodJace (pL) Mat. xxvii. 7. 
©1, CKE. ^l, =^ OM.G, al, 0,N. all; eel, 
^ artgm'Uii; PR. P. 137 ; eles (pi.) Alis. 5792; 
MaND* 16 J ; elis L. C. C. 50. 
©1-gor, sb., ALDu. aelgheer; eel-spear, 
*fusanaj' PK. P. 138. 
el, see aweL 
etbowe» s^e under elne. 
elch, see aigbwilc, eld, see eald. 
©Id, sk, O.E, i-^\ed, = O.L,G. eld, O.N. eldr; 

/r/, HOM. IL 258, 

eld©, sb„ O.E. el do, seldo, yldo, cf. O.L.G. eldi, 
OJi^G. elti, alii» OJ^. elli/ ; ^^#« eald ; age, 
HOM. Jl, 35; OrM. 20I ; GEN. & EX. 705 ; 

Roe. u : spec. 4S ; Shor. i68 ; ayenb. 69 ; 
Will. 5227 ; Langl. Bya. 43 ; Ch. C. T. A 
2447: Mand. 293; WiCL. Lk. i. 36; A. P. 
iL 657 ; PR. c, 1513; elde me ha)> overcome 
L. K. K, 22 ; fiftene ^er fan was his elde Man. 
(F.) 9744 ; on hire elde Lk. i. 36 ; ich was of 
swuche elde A. R* 318; wimman of elde {of 
age) Hav. 2713 ; elde, ulde P. L. s. viti. 9, 
188^ a;lde[ealdel LA}. 25913; ulfe (y2v ulde) 
p» L. ?i. xix. 6. 

eldon, see ealdien. 

elden, v., cf O.N. elda ; from did ; light a 

fire \ ? eilden GEN. sSt EX. 2892. 

elder n, adj., ffrom, compar. ^eald ; elderly, 
ancient: eldeme mannes late Orm. 1213 ; 
mm ddrln folk of juen lede C. M. 18016. 
eldem-liolie, adv., of old time, E.G. 352. 

elding, sb., f/^ O.A\ elding, Scotch eldin ; fuel, 
C. M. 3(64 ; eilding^ ^focale^ PR. P. 136. 

eldneeae, s€£ ealdnesse. 

eldringes, sb. pU, parents, ayenb. 35. 

^Ifif sb.| O.E. ele m., ele, cele,^ 0.//.G, oli, 
olei n.f O.L.G. oY\g^ Goth, ale, O.Fr. oile, 
uile; from LaL oleum; oil, frag. 8; Orm. 
13352; Shor. 41; eli Hickes I. 229; eole 
Kath. 2512 ; eoile H, M. 45 ; eoli Marh. ii ; 
A» r. 320; olie GEN. & EX. 1548 ; oli PS. iv. 
8 ; oile, uiJe avei^^b. 93. 
^le-sSw, sb., oil, Orm. 8667. 

elebre, sb., O.Fr. ellebore; hellebore, PR. P. 
13S; PAtx. i. 1044. 

eleooiouBp sb., O.Fr. election, Lat. electio; 



election, choice of ^t times, H. S. 10990; Mand. 

155; Ch. C. t. B 312 ; elecoiouns {pi.) of 

times ASTR. ii. 4 (18) ; election Gow. I. 18. 
elect, sb., election ; elect WiNT. IX. xxvii. 141 ; 

electes N. E. D. 
elect, adj., ^/ifr/ ; eleckte Chest. I. 212 ; eleot 

(sb.) bishop elect, WiNT. IX. xxvii. 121. 
electre, sb., O.Fr. eleutre, iMt. electrum ; a 

metal, WiCL. Ez. i. 4, 27. 
elegeance, see enlegeanoe. 
element, sb., O.Fr, element; element; ele- 
ments (pi.) TREAT. 138. 
[elen, v., O.E. selan ; bum ; comp. an-elen.] 
elenge, elenglich, elengenes, see Alenge. 
elet, sb., O.E. seled ; fuel, hom. II. 119 ; Bev. 

3088. 
elevacionn, sb., O.Fr. elevacion, eslevation, 

LcU. elevatio, mod.Eng. elevation; altitude 

above the horizon, Ch. astr. ii. 23 (32). 
elevat, adj., Lat, elevatus; elevated, Ch. 

astr. ii. 23 (32). 
elfe, see al&. 

Eli, pr. n., O.E. ElTg; Ely, Rob. 6. 
61ien, v., M.H.G. olen, olen ; anoint ; elie 

Shor. 41; 61ede (pret.) Rob, (W.) 5329; 

161ed (wj. iheled) (pple.) Rob. 457 ; he wes 

icruned and ieled Laj. 3 1 941. 
61inge, sh.,^M.H.G. dlunge, olunge; oil- 

ing: J>e laste elinge extreme unction MiRC 

533; eliinge Shor. 41. 
elifaiint, see olif&nt 
elite, sb., election : ]>e pape wild not consent, 

he quassed ];er elite Man. (H.) 209 ; elitefl 

(pi.) ibid. 
eliten, v., from elite; elect*. Creusa . . . J>at 

Eneas afterward ellt (pret^ to wed D. Troy 

1490. 
ellame, sb., O.E. ellam,=J/.Z.(?. elhora, 

alhom; elder (tree), ^sambucus,* VOC 140, 

181 ; helren (^relren) 163; elleme [heldeme, 

illem, eller] Langl. A\.66', eldir PR. p. 137 ; 

see hiller. 

elle, see elne. ellen, see elne. 
elles,adv., O.E. e]les,=^O.Fris. elles, O.H.G. 

elles, alles, Goth. aJjis; else, Orm. 7983; 

Will. 1132 ; Mand. 5 ; pr. c. 1281 ; Hoccl. 

ii. 23; in lenten and elles [ellis] Langl. 

£ PROL. 91 ; summe qve¥en aelles [elles] 

La^. 893; ellis SACR. 211 ; elles hwar A. R. 

yS ; jif heo ouht elles understode O. & N. 

662 ; elles hwlder lokin HOM. I. 261 ; elles 

whoder P. L. s. xvii. 549 ; helles-hwat HOM. 

215. 

elleven, see endleven. 
elm, sb., O.E. e]m,=0.//.G. e\m,cf.O.N. almr; 

elm, * ulmus,' PR. P. 138 ; TRANS. XVIII. 24 ; 

Ch. C. t. a 2922. 
elmesse, sb., O.E, de\mtsse, from Gk. IKtr^' 

fioiTvvTj; alms, A. R. 222; AYENB. 17; don 

elmesse HOM. I. 37 ; elmesse to wurchen II. 



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elmesse. 



eii« 



T93 



59; almesse Langl. Bui. 75; Ch. C. t. 

^168. 
elxnes-dede, sb.y almsdeed, hom. I. 135 ; 

almesdede R. S. iv ; P. L. s. xvii. 385 ; C M. 

1 1350. 
aLme8-dJ8ch» sb., B. B. 139 ; almesdisohes 

(//.) Trev. VIII. 183. 
elmes-ftil, adj., charitable^ HOM. I. 143; 

almesful hom. II. 85 ; Orm. 9931 ; Bek. 

1674 ; Langl. Cvii. 48. 
ehnefl-^eoTziy adj., charitable^ HOM. I. 43. 
Almes-mon, ^,yaimsman^ La^ 19662. 
almes-wero, sb^ almsdeedy Orm. 10118. 
elne, sb., 0,E. ellen, cf. O.H.G, ellan, ellen, 

ellin, O.L.G, ellen, ellean, ellien, Goth. aJjan «., 

OJV. eljan, eljun / ; strength, comfort, HOM. 

I. 215 ; Marh. 10; a. r. 106 ; H. M. 27. 
ellen-lSe, adj., comfortless, Orm. 10908. 
elnOy sb., O.E. ein,=^ O.I/.G, elna, elina, O.N. 

oln, alin, Goth, aleina, Lot. ulna, Gh.' coXcvi; ; 

ell, Alis. 2750 ; an elne long spec 35 ; an 

ebe {printed a nelne) brod D. TROY 170 ; 

cine, elle PR. p. 138; elle OcTOV. (W.) 934; 

elne (pi.) gen. & ex. 563 ; elnen Rob. 429. 
el-bowe, sb., O.E. tlnhogSL,^ O.H.G. elin- 

bogo, O.N. 61n-, 6lbogi; eldow, FRAG. 2; 

clbowe treat. 139. 
eln-^erde, sb., ell yard, Gaw. 210; elne- 

jerdea (pi) Rob. (W.) 8834. 
elle*wuid, sb., ell-wand, PR. P. 139. 
elnen, v., O.E. elnian,=O.A^. elna, OJJ.G. 

ellindn, Goth, aljanon; comfort, hom. I. 215 ; 

A. R. 10; elnede (pret) Kath. 672. 
elning, elnung, sb., O.E. elnung ; comfort, 

HOM. I. 185, 201. 
elongacioiin, sb., Lat. elongatia ; elongation, 

angular distance, Ch. astr. ii. 25. 
elp, sb., O.E. elp, elpend, cf. M.H.G. elfant ; 

elephant, rel. I. 223 ; alpes (gen^ ban 

(ivory) L. N. F. 248 ; see olifeuit. 
elpiy see finlSpi^. 
elring, sb., f = M.H.G. erling, cf. Ger. elritze ; 

a sort offish, ? minnow : als the quale fars wit 

theelring m. h. 136, 
elfidn, see alsene. 

elten, v., O.N. elta ; kruad, gen. &ex. 2892. 
elvene, see alfe. em, see am and e&n, 
em, see earn, emang, see en, 
ematte, see &mete. 
embassade, sb., O.Fr. embassade ; embassy ; 

business or message of an ambass€uior\ 

dream 1993 ; now mi imbasset i have seid 

to you LUD. Cov. ^^. 

embassadrie, sb., embassy, Ch. C, t. B 233. 
embe, see umbe. 
embelif, adv. & adj., O.Fr. en belif ; oblique-^ 

ly ; oblique; not at right angles : under 

the cercle of cancer, ben ther 12 devisiouns 

embelif Ch. astr. i. 20(11) ; embelif cercle 

O 



ii. 26 ; embelif orisonte • . . embelif angled 

ii. 26. 

embe}'onk, see umbe-)>ano. 
embir-dai, see umbri-. 
emb-aniCen, see umbemiSen. 
emel, emell, see meL 
emeraude, sb., Fr. emeraude; emerald^ spec 

26. 
emeraudes, sb. pi., O.Fr. esmeroidcs, from 

Lat. haemorrhoides, Gk. alfioppoidtf j em^rods, 

REL. 1. 190; PR. P. 139. 
dmete, see &mete. 
emforpffor eS&n for)? : see efen. 
emne, emnen, see efen, efhen. 
[emnetten, v., O.E. emnettan ; f-om efnen ; 

make equal; comp. ^e^emnetten,] 
emparale, sb., med.Lat. imperialis \ imperial 

(a coin'j : for emperftles (pi.) that were not 

smale 1 bought him thare OCTOV, (W.) 191 1. 
emperioe, sb., empress. Sax. chr. 264 ; Will. 

5343 ; Trev. IV. 189 ; emperisse Siior, 117 ; 

emperesse (emperasse) Rob. (W.) 9064. 
emperie, sb., O.Fr. emperie ; empire, Rob. 

85 ; Trev. III. 73 ; enpur Man. (F.) 5068. 
emperonr, sb., O.Fr. empereor; emperor^ 

Rob. 46; Will. 5251 ; s. s. (Wr.) i ; aum- 

perour lbb. Jes. 393; saints (Ld.) 3445