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Oxford University Press ^ Ely House ^ London W.l 

OLASCX>W NEW YORK TOROfOO MELBOURNE WELLINGTON 

CAPETOWN SALISBURY IBADAN NAIROBI LUSAKA ADDIS ABABA 

BOMBAY CALCUTTA MADRAS KARACHI LAHORE DACCA 

KUALA LUMPUR HONO KONO TOKYO 



MIDDLE-ENGLISH 



DICTIONARY 



CONTAINING 



WORDS USED BY ENGLISH WRITERS 

FROM THE TWELFTH TO THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 



BY 



FRANCIS HENRY STRATMANN 



A NEW EDITION, RE-ARRANGED, REVISED, AND ENLARGED 



BY 



HENRY BRADLEY 



OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 



rauT BDmoN 1891 
Rep rinte d Uthographiadly in Great Britain by 

LOWS & ntYDONB, (PIUNTBM) LTD., LONDON 

firom sheetB of the first edition 
1940. »95«. «954» "958. 1963. «967 



PREFACE. 



■ ♦• 



The Dictionary of Middle-English' compiled by Dr. F. H. Stratmann, of 
Krefeld, is the only comprehensive dictionary of that stage of the English 
language hitherto published in a completed state; the only other existing 
work of the same kind being that of Mfltzner, of which the first instalment 
appeared in 1878, and which has as yet been carried only to the letter J. The 
third and latest edition of Dr. Stratmann's dictionary was published in 1878, 
and an extensive supplement was issued in 1881. At the time of the author's 
death, which took place in 1884, he had apparently almost completed the 
preparation of a new edition. The copyright of the work was subsequently 
purchased by the Delegates of the Clarendon Press, and the author's materials 
for the new edition (consisting of an annotated copy of the printed book) were 
placed in my hands to be prepared for the press. The unanimous opinion of 
the scholars in this country who were consulted was that simply to reprint the 
work in the form contemplated by the author would be wholly unadvisable, 
and that an extensive revision was needed in order to adapt it to the needs 
of English students. Although the book was marked by great learning and 
ability, as well as by extraordinary industry, it had certain serious practical 
defects, chiefly, it may be remarked, due to those limitations of scope without 
which it would probably have been impossible for the author to bring his work 
to completion in any reasonable number of years. The principal respects in 
which the present edition aims at being an improvement on the original work 
are as follows : — 

1. If the definition of a dictionary be that it is a book which explains 
the meaning of words, Dr. Stratraann's work can scarcely be regarded as 
a dictionary at all. With the fueam'ng of Middle- English words, the author 
concerned himself but little ; his principal care was to identify them etymo- 
logically; that is to say, to connect them with their descendants in Modem- 

' Ib Uie published crditions Uic work is endUed ' A Dictionary of the Old Elnglish I Jingwage ;* 
but in revising it for a new edition the author substituted * Middle-English ' for * Old English ' in 
the title-page. He also indicated that in the body of the dictionary the abbreviation *A.-S/ 
(Anglo-Saxon^ should be changed into ^O.E.' 



vi PREFACE. 

English, their antecedents in Old-English, and their cognates in other 
languages. Such explanations of meanings as were given were merely sub- 
sidiary to this object. Not infrequently, indeed, words (and those not merely 
compounds or obvious derivatives) were left without interpretation altogether ; 
in other cases the sense was indicated only by Latin words, which were often 
themselves ambiguous. Where a Middle- English word was glossed by a 
Modern- English one, the latter was commonly the etymological equivalent, 
even though the word might have undergone a complete change of meaning. 
In a very large number of instances the only vernacular gloss is an obsolete 
or dialectal word taken from HalliwelPs ' Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 
Words,' or some similar source, and quite unintelligible to ordinary English 
readers. The following examples will illustrate the author's method : — che- 
owen . . . chew {chow, chig), mandere, objurgare ; oubbel, kibble, fustis ; galatron 
. . . galster (gauster), crepare ; galwen, gallow {gaily), terrere ? ; ^eolpen, yelp 
{yilp), gloriarif jaciari; kitelen . . . kittle, titillare; plaigen . . . plaw, ludere ; 
sohtlte . . . shout, letnbus [the word means a flat-bottomed boat] ; scorklin, 
scorklc, ustulare ; snobben, snob, singultire ; Blumen, sloum, domtitare. In the 
present edition, I have endeavoured to provide every word with an intelligible 
explanation in English. When a word has greatly changed in meaning, I 
have cited the modern form for the sake of completing the etymological 
history of the word, but in such a manner as not to mislead the reader as to 
the earlier sense. As the distinctive feature of the book is that the examples 
are arranged according to the grammatical forms, and not according to the 
senses, it is obvious that the shades of meaning could not be explained with 
the same precision and completeness as in larger works like that of Matzner, 
or the New English Dictionary, but it is hoped that the explanations given 
will be found sufficiently full and accurate for ordinary practical needs. The 
indication of the parts of speech, which was wholly omitted in the original 
work, has been supplied. 

2. Another inconvenient feature of the original dictionary was its per- 
plexing etymological arrangement. The compound words, instead of being 
inserted in alphabetical order, were placed under their initial element, even 
though this happened to be an inseparable prefix. Hence, in order to find 
one of these words, it was necessary to know, or to conjecture its etymology — 
or rather, Dr. Stratmann's opinion as to its et^Tnology. Suppose, for example, 
the word aaudiiii is to be sought for in the Dictionary by a student who has no 
notion of its derivation. The first step of course is to look for it in its a pha- 
betical place* It is not there, nor is there a cross-reference. We next turn 
to the words under the prefix »-, but anuden is not among them. The cross- 
reference %^ 9i€ ab-, ad-, an-, and-, at-, en-, ee-, ^e-, and of-, gives us the choice 
often Otlier places^ in any of which the word we are seeking may possibly be 
%imd« Aa a matter of fact, it is placed under es-, so that the reader who takes 



PREFACE. vii 

the natural and proper course of turning to the several places in their alpha- 
betical order will have looked in ten different pages of the Dictionary before he 
comes to the word he wants. Even this example, however, does not fully 
represent the complexity of Dr. Stratmann's method of arrangement. The 
sub-headings under each of the prefixes are not arranged in the alphabetical 
order of the words themselves, but in that of the original form of their second 
element; though this rule is sometimes departed from, apparently by mere 
oversight. To any one unacquainted with Romanic etymology, the arrange- 
ment of the words grouped under com-, for instance, must appear absolutely 
lawless. The following is an example of the mode of sequence adopted for 
these compounds : oongeien, oogitaoitlii, ooint, oointiae, eonjuie, odlleote, culvert, 
oullin, oooohe, ooochin, oomanden. Romanic philologists will, of course, see at 
once why this order has been followed, though the position of the word 
oogitaoitin seems to be due to some mistake. But the majority of those for 
whom a Middle- English dictionary is intended cannot be expected to find 
their way readily through such a labyrinth. It has, indeed, often happened 
that even scholars have erroneously stated a word to be wanting in Stratmann, 
when in fact it had not been overlooked, but had been recorded in some un- 
likely place. In this edition I have in the main adopted alphabetical order. 
Compounds of substantives and adjectives, however, and of words like bifbren 
and an^dn, are grouped under their first and most important element; and 
agent-nouns in -ere and nouns of action in -ing follow the verbs from which 
they are xierived. These compounds and derivatives are printed in smaller 
type and indented, so as not to disturb the general alphabetical arrangement. 

3. In cases where a foreign word has come into English by two different 
channels, and with consequent diversity of form, Dr. Stratmann's usual practice 
is to treat the word as one. In some instances, where the two forms existed 
merely as dialectal varieties, without any sense-distinction, this procedure has 
its advantages ; but in others it obscures the facts. The words desk and dieh, 
for example, both descend ultimately from the Latin diacum, and therefore in 
the former editions of this dictionary they are put together as one word. This 
would be permissible if (as any one would suppose from reading the article) 
the two forms were employed promiscuously in Middle- English. But the fact 
is that in that period of the language the words were quite as clearly dis- 
tinguished as they are now. I have in this and other similar cases separated 
the two words. It now appears to me that this ought to have been done still 
more frequently : the verbs ehioen and eaeeh e n, for example, would be better 
separated. 

4. The words which in primitive Teutonic began with hi-, hn-, hr- are in 
the former editions of the dictionary given under the letter H. As the initial 
h is very generally omitted in Middle-English, this arrangement imposes on 



viii PREFACE. 

the reader (unless he knows the etymology of the word) the necessity of 
searching in two different places. I have therefore removed these words to the 
letters L, N, and R respectively ; prefixing, however, an italic A to distinguish 
them from those which have an unaspirated initial. 

5. One of the most important changes which have been introduced in this 
edition relates to the notation of vowel quantities. In the original work the 
quantities marked were not those which the vowels had in Middle- English, but 
those of the earliest Old-English, although it is well known that extensive 
changes in vowel quantity had taken place before the end of the twelfth 
century, and probably much earlier. The author's procedure in this respect 
is not, indeed, so wholly irrational as it may at first sight appear. The Old- 
English quantity admits of being ascertained with tolerable precision, while 
Middle- English quantity is in many cases uncertain, and in other cases varies 
according to locality and period. Moreover, the primitive quantity is that 
which is of greatest etymological importance. I have, however, ventured on 
the attempt to give a representation of the actual quantity in Middle-English 
in such a manner as to exhibit its relation to the earlier quantity. Dr. Strat- 
mann employed the circumflex (^) to denote a vowel which was originally 
long and stressed, original length without stress being indicated by the 
macron (~). In my notation the macron is placed over an original long 
vowel which remained long in Middle-English ; an original long vowel 
which has become short by position is marked (**) ; and a short vowel which 
has been lengthened by position is marked with the acute accent. (It might 
perhaps have been better to use the circumflex for this purpose instead of the 
acute.) Original short vowels which remained unchanged in quantity are 
left 'unmarked. It is hoped that this notation will serve to render more 
intelligible the manner in which changes of quantity influenced the qualitative 
character of Middle-English vowels. In many points the correctness of my 
quantitative indications will be somewhat disputable. The vowels a^ e, i, o 
before Id I have marked as ' new long,' except under special conditions which 
modify the general rules. Similarly I have recognised a lengthening of i and 
u before ncU The lengthening of e before nd and before n followed by a 
palatal g, certainly prevailed to a considerable extent, but I doubt whether it 
was at all so general as the other lengthening, and I have therefore left it 
unmarked. For similar reasons the lengthening effect of r, followed by a 
voiced consonant, has not beeil regarded. There is room for much doubt 
whether the later positional lengthenings persisted in spite of loss of stress in 
the second element of a compound. In such cases I have left the vowels 
unmarked, except where special evidence seems to show that the lengthened 
quantity was retained. With reference to words of Romanic or Latin origin 
the question of quantity is very perplexing. Dr. Stratmann correctly re- 
cognised that Latin quantity as distinguished from Latin accent had in 



PREFACE. ix 

general no influence on Middle- English pronunciation, and has therefore 
treated the unaccented vowels in words derived from Romanic and Latin as 
(proximately) short, with the exception of those that have compensatory length. 
I have followed his example in marking as long the vowels in final syllables 
like -Age, -dn, -t6, -Ore, ^c, which originally were stressed, though owing to a 
shifting of accent which began, at latest, in the fourteenth century, this 
notation cannot be regarded as correct for the whole Middle- English period. 
I should now prefer to mark with the circumflex all Romanic and Latin 
vowels which were positionally long in early Middle- English, whatever their 
original quantity, and to leave the rest unmarked. 

6. In one instance I have ventured to introduce a diacritic expressive 
of vowel quality. I have employed the character & to distinguish the cases 
in which a Middle- English u expresses either the sound which descended from 
Old-English y^, or some sound but slightly different from this. It is clear 
that in some early loan-words from French, the u was at first sounded in much 
the same way as the English u, u, and I have therefore in these instances 
marked it with the two points. I now regret not having made a more extensive 
use of diacritics. The tailed 9, ^ ought to have been used for Middle- English o 
when representing an Old- English a^ & ; the palatal sound of g also might 
with advantage be distinguished with a special sign. 

7. In the etymologies I have attempted to distinguish between direct 
derivation and collateral relationship of words ', and have also rectified many 
errors of detail. Dr. Stratmann's work in this department was eminently 
scholarly, but the fresh light thrown on many points of comparative Teutonic 
phonology, by the researches of the past few yeais, often necessitates an 
alteration in the form, and sometimes in the substance, of his statements. 
One error which frequently occurs in the previous editions is that the Old- 
English verbs in -ian are identified with the continental Teutonic verbs in -Jan 
instead of with those in -5n, while the umlaut verbs, really corresponding to 
the continental verbs in -Jan, are treated as if peculiar to English. 

8. Although the present edition has no pretensions to be regarded as an 
exhaustive dictionary of Middle-English, it contains a very large number of 
words not found in the former editions. The author's interest was chiefly in 
the Teutonic portion of the language, and in his work as originally issued the 
words of Romanic and Latin origin were almost wholly absent. In deference 
to the opinion of English scholars, many of these were inserted in later editions, 
but even in the author's last revision the vocabulary was still conspicuously 

' In the case of the combination wur I have lefl the a unmarked, since even in Old- 
English wjT often became wur. 

' It should be clearly understood that the Middle-English forms are by no means always the 
direct descendants of the paiticular dialectal form in Old-English that happens to be quotable. 



X PREFACE. 

defective with regard to the Romanic element. Besides this, many other 
words, sometimes of considerable literary importance, appear to have been 
intentionally omitted, because owing to their doubtful derivation they could 
not be conveniently brought under the etymological arrangement adopted in 
the work. In the selection of new words for insertion I do not profess (b 
have followed any systematic method. It is probable that many really im- 
portant words have been overlooked, while some have been inserted that 
might well have been spared. While I have not expunged the proper names 
inserted by the author himself, I have not added any others. By further 
abbreviating the references, which though occupying much space were not full 
enough to be understood without the help of the table of contractions, it has 
been found possible to compress the much augmented work into about the 
same number of pages as were contained in the third edition, together with 
the supplement. 

There are several features of the dictionary which I do not myself regard 
with approval, though for various reasons I have refrained from altering them. 
One of these is the normalized orthography of the quotations. My own view 
is that the quotations, though not the headings of the articles, ought to be 
given in the spelling of the MSS., or at least in that of some standard critical 
edition ; but the gain of textual correctness would not be commensurate with 
the expenditure of time and labour which would be needed to conform every 
quotation to the origihal. Some ispecial points in Dr. Stratmann's system of 
normalized spelling now appear to me objectionable ; for example, he uses the 
letter v not only when the u or ▼ of the MSS. had the sound of v, but also 
where it had a different consonantal power (=w), as in qvailen, gverddn, and 
■vo (Ayenbite). In words taken from eArly texts which use g for 5, the former 
letter is retained, even in the leitimas, although the process of ' normalizing ' 
would seem to have more justification here than in most other cases. The 
complaint oflen made that Dr. Stratmann chooses as the 'dictionary forms' of 
Middle-English words not those of the period of Chaucer and Langland, but 
those nearest to the Old- English, does not seem to me to be of great moment ; 
the inconveniences of this course being counterbalanced by the advantage of 
presenting the various forms in something like genealogical sequence. The 
author, however, did not sufficiently recognise the fact that the orthographical 
coincidence of Middle- English with Old-English is oflen merely accidental, 
especially when the digraphs m, ea, eo are concerned ; and most of the 
articles on words containing these digraphs would need to be rewritten in 
order to make their arrangement correctly expressive of the facts. A pe- 
culiarity of Dr. Stratmann's method, which may cause some embarrassment to 
the student who is not aware of it, is that he treats ' improper compounds ' not 
as single words but as phrases. Thus the preposition blside does not occur 
in its alphabetical place, but examples of it (written \A ude in two words) are 



PREFACE. xi 

found in the article wde. I have in many cases inserted cross-references to 
obviate the difficulty arising from this cause. 

I am painfully conscious of many serious shortcomings both in the plan 
and the execution of this edition. The numerous errata will probably seem 
to some critics to imply extreme carelessness on my part. To this fault I 
cannot plead guilty; though for many of the oversights I am able to account 
only by the state of ill-health from which I was suffering when the earlier 
sheets were passed for press ; and if I had then possessed the experience I 
have subsequently acquired in lexicographical work, I should have known 
how to take more effectual precautions to ensure accuracy\ An assiduous 
study of Middle-English during the progress of the work has shown me many 
points in which my knowledge was at the outset materially defective. Perhaps 
I may reasonably hope for some degree of indulgence on account of the 
special difficulties of my task. Dr. Stratmann's references are often to books 
or editions which were not easily accessible to me — some of them, indeed, not 
to be found even at the British Museum ; hence it was frequently not until 
the article had gone to press that I discovered that he had mistaken the 
meaning of a word, or had confused together words of different origin and 
meaning; or, in other cases, that I had given a wrong interpretation to his 
Latin gloss. The difficulty of accurate proof-reading will be obvious to any 
person, at all experienced in such work, merely from an inspection of the 
pages; but it was greatly augmented by the fact that the author's large mass 
of MS. corrections and additions were made in such a manner that it con- 
stantly required the closest attention to discover where the additional words 
were intended to be inserted. If my attempt to indicate Middle- English 
vowel-quantity be regarded as in itself justifiable, I may fairly claim that its 
occasional errors and inconsistencies may be judged with the leniency due to 
pioneer work. However, although this edition is very far from being such 
as I should have wished to make it, I venture to hope that in spite of its 
defects the book in its new form will be found far more useful than if it had 
been re-issued with merely such slight revision as was contemplated by the 

original author. 

HENRY BRADLEY. 

^ One thing which I especially regret is that a few quotations and references have been 
inserted at second hand, matter which I had caused to be transcribed for me having been sent to 
the printers under the mistaken belief that it had been properly verified. I hope, however, that 
all the important errors arising from this cause have been duly noted in the supplementary pages 
printed at the end of the volume. 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



•♦♦• 



A. D. -■ Altenglische Dichtangen des MS. Harl. 
3353> heransgegeben von K. Boddeker, 
Berlin, 1878. [? Written in Hereford- 
shire about 1310.] Quoted by page. 

A. p. —Early English Alliterative Poems, edited 
by R. Morris : i. The Pearl ; ii. Clean- 
ness; ill Patience. E.E.T.S., No. i, 
1864. 1^? Lancashire about 1360; by 
the same author as Gaw.] Quoted 
by number of piece and line. 

A. R. —The Ancren Riwle, edited by J. Morton, 
Cam. Soc. No. Ivii. 1853. [/Dorsetshire 
about I a 35.] Quoted by page. 

A. s. *» Ancient Songs from the time of King 
Henry II to the Revolution, edited by J. 
Ritson, London, 1 790. Quoted by num- 
ber of piece. 

A.s.(H.) -The same re-edited by W. C. Haslitt, 
1877. Quoted by number of piece. 

JElf, HOM.-iClfric's Metrical Lives of SainU, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., Noa. 
76, 8a, 1881-5. Quoted by page. 

.-Elfr. — /Elfric*s Grammatik und Glotsar, heraus- 
gegeben von J. Zupitxa, in Sammlung 
K^lischer Denkmaler, Berlin, 1880. 
Quoted by page. 

Al. - The Legend or Life of St. Alexins, edited 

by F.J. Fumivall. T About 138a] In 
six versions, viz. L^ (MS. Laud 6a a), L'. 
[US, Laud 108) L'. (MS. Laud 463), C. 
(MS. Cotton Titus A xxvi), V. (MS. 
Vcmon), T. (MS. Trinity Coll. Oxford, 
«7). E.E.T.S., No. 69, 1878. Quoted 
by line. 

Albx. - The Alliterative Romance of Alexander, 
edited by J. Stevenson, from the 
Ashmole MS. Roxburghe Club, 1849. 
[About X4oo-5a] Quoted by line. 

ALEX.(Sk.)-llie same [The Wars of Alexander], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, from the Ash- 
mole and Dublin MSS. E.E.T.S., No. 
xlviL, 1866. Quoted by line. 

Alex.' - ' Appendix from the Bodl. MS. [a64] * in 
Alex. Quoted by line. 

Alex.* (Sk.)- The same [Alexander and Dindimus], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S.. No. 
xxxi., 1878. [? About 1375.] Quoted 
by line. 

Alis. -King Alisaunder, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances (Edinburgh, 1810), vol. i. pp. 
3-327. [About 1300.] Quoted by line. 

Alis.* »>e Gestes of |>e worbie King and Em- 
perour Alisaunder of Macedoine, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, in vol. with Will. 
[About 1375.] Quoted by Ime. 

ALT. BL. - Altdeutsche Blatter von M. Haupt und 



H. Hoffmann. Quoted by volume and 

Am.&Amil.« Amis and Amiloun, in Weber*s Me- 
trical Romances (1810), vol. ii. pp. 
369-473. [About 1330.] Quoted byline. 
= The same, herausgegeben von £. Kolbing, 
in Kolbmg's AitengUsche Bibliothek, 
Bd. ii, 1884. Quoted by line. 

AMAD.(R.)«>Sir Amadace, in Robson*s Early 
English Metrical Romances (CamdSoc. 
No. xviiL, 184a), pp. a7-56. [About 
i4ao.] Quoted by stanza. 

AMAD.(W.)-Sir Amadas [a later text of the 
above], in Webar*s Metrical Romances 
(1 810), vol. iii. pp. 343-375. Quoted 
by line. 

Angl. ^Anglia, herausgegeben von R. p. Wiilcker. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

AN. lit. -Aneodota Literaria, edited by Thos. 
Wright, London, 1844. Quoted by 

ANC. COOKERY -Andent CooUery from a MS. in 
the Arundel Collection, printed in 
Ordinances for the Royal Household. 
Soc of Antiquaries, 1790. [About 
1440.] Quoted from N.E.D. 

ANT. ARTH.(L.)-The Awntyrs of Arthure, iu 
Laing*s Select Remains of the Ancient 
Poetry of Scotland (1885), pp. 86-113. 
[About 1430.] Quoted by line. 

ANT. Arth.(M.)- Awntyrs of Arthure, edited by 
F. Madden, in Sir Gawayne volume, 
Bannatyne Club, 1839. Quoted by 
line. 

ANT. Arth. (R.) -The Anturs of Arther in Robson*s 
Early English Metrical Romances (Cam. 
Soc. No. xviii. 184a), pp. j-36. [?Lan- 
cashfre about 1430.] Quoted by stranza. 

APOL. —The Apology of Lollard Doctrines, 
formerly attributed to Wiclif, edited by 
J. H. Todd, Cam. Soc No. xx. 184a. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by page. 

Ar. —Arthur, edited by F. J. Fumivall, 

E.E.T.S., No. a, 1864. [? About 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

Ar.&Mer.— Arthonr and Merlin, a Metrical Ro- 
mance edited by W. D. Tumbull, from 
the Auchinleck MS., Abbotsford Club, 
1838. [About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

ARCH. — Archiv fiir das Studium der neueren 
Sprachen, herausgegeben von L. Herrig. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

ASS. — Assumpcioun de notre Dame, edited by 

R. Lumby, E.E.T.S., No. 14, 1866. 
[From the Cambridge MS., before 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



•• • 
XIU 



ASS. ^ —Assampcio Beate Marie in the same 
volume. [From the British Museum 
MS. about 1330.] Quoted by line. 

AuD. - The Poems of J. Audelay, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, Percy Soc. yoI. xiv. 1844. 
[Shropshire 1430.] Quoted by page. 

AV.ARTir.sThe Avowing of King Arther, in Rob- 
son*s Early English Metrical Romances, 
Cam. Soc. No. xviii. 184a, pp. 57-93. 
[About 1420.] Quoted by stanza. 

AYENB. »Dan Michers Ayenbite of Inwyt, edited 
by R. Morris, E.ET.S., No. 23, 1866. 
[Kent 1340.] Quoted by page. 

R. B. -The Babees Book, etc, edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 3a, 1868. 
Quoted by page. 

K. or c.«TheBokeofCurtasie,fromtheSloaneMS. 
1986 in the British Museum, printed in 
B.B. [About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

B. |). D. —Be Domes Dsrge, edited by R. Lumby, 
E.E.T.S., No. 65, 1876. Quoted by 

P«gc- 

B. DISC. —Li biaus Disconus, in Ritson's Metrical 
Romances (1802), vol. ii. pp. 1-90. 
[About 1460.] Quoted by line. 

B A RB. - Barbour*s Bruce, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. xi. xxi. xxix,lv. 1870-89. 
[Scottish about 1375.] Quoted by 
book and line. 

Barb. leg. — Barbour's Legendensammlungen, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, 
Heilbronn, 1 881-3. [Scottish about 
'375*] Quoted by voL and page. 

B ARTH. — Trevisa's Englishing of Bartholomseus de 
Proprietatibus Rerum. [Written in 
1398.] Printed by W. de Worde in 
1 495 . Quoted from N . £. D. (which often 

6*ves the readings of the Helmingham 
S.). 

Ber. - The Life and Martyrdom of Thos. Beket, 
edited by W. H. Black, from the Hari. 
MS. 3377. Percy Soc., vol. xix, 1845. 
[? Gloucestershire about 1 300.] Quoted 
by line. 

Bens.voc. — Vocabularium Anglo-Saxonicum, opera 
Th. Benson, Oxoniae, 1701. 

BEN.WB.-Mittelhochdeutsches Worterbuch, von 
Benecke, Miiller und Zamcke. 

Ber. - The Tale of Beryn, edited by F. J. Fumi- 
vall, Chaucer Soc 1 876. [About 1 400.] 
Quoted by line. 

Bev. -% Beves of Hamtune, edited by W. D. 
Tumbull, Maitland Club, 1838. 
[About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

The same re-edited by E. Kolbing, with 
versions of six other MSS., E.ET.S., Nos. 
xlvi. xlviii. 1885-6. Quoted by line. 

BL.HOM.-The Blickling Homilies, edited by R. 
Morris, E.E.T.S., Nos. 58, 63, 73, 
1874-6-80. Quoted by page. 

BOKEN. -Livis of Seintis, translated by O. Boke- 
nam, A. D. 1447, Roxburghe Club, 1835. 
(Also forms Band i. of Kolbing^s Alteng- 
lische Bibliothek.) [Abonti447.] Quoted 
by page. 



Bout, ev. — Die vier Evangelien in altnordhum- 
brischer Sprache, herausgegeben von 
K. W. Bouterwek, Giitersloh, 1857. 

Brd. -St. Brandan, edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. [? Gloucestershire 
about 1300]. Quoted by line. 

Brem. \vb. — Versuch eines bremisch-niedersachsi- 
schen Worterbnches, Bremen, 1767- 
1771. 

c. R. —Two fifteenth-centnry Cookery Books 
from Harl. MS. 379 [about 1430] and 
Harl. MS. 401 6 [about 1450], edited by 
T. Austin, E.E.T.S., No. 91, 1888. 
Quoted by page. 

c. i« -Castel off Love, edited by R. F. Wey- 
mouth, Philol. Soc. 1864. [About 
1330.] Quoted byline. 

c. M. —Cursor Mundi, edited by R. Morris, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. 57. 59, 63, 66, 68, 
1874-78. [About 1 350-1340.] (Jnoted 
by line. 

CATH. — Catholicon Anglicnm, edited by S. J. 
Herrtage, E.E.T.S., No. 75, 1881. 
[About 1483.] Quoted by page. 

Caxt. VIT. PATR.-Caxton's Vitas Patrum, 1495. 
Quoted from N.E.D. 

Cii. —The works of Jeffrey Chancer, edited by 
Th. Speght, London, 1687. 

Ch. (T.)- Canterbury Tales, edited by Tyrwhitt, 
vrith other Poems from the Black Letter 
editions, London, 1843. 

Ch. A. b. c. -Chaucer*s A. B. C. \ 

Ch. Adam -Chaucer's words to ( . r-u w « 
his Scrivener Adam, f ^^^"' **' ^• 

Ch. An. — Anelida and Arcite. ) 

Ch.astr. sA treatise on the Astrolabe, by G. 
Chaucer, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
E.E.T.S., No. xvi., 1873. [Middlesex 
about 1400.] Quoted by book, chapter, 
and page. 

Ch. Boet. - Chaucer's translation of Boethius's ' De 
Consolatione Philosophiae,* edited by R. 
Morris, E.E.T.S., No. v. 1868. [About 
1374.] Quoted by book, prose (metre), 
and page. 

CH.BuK.-Lenvoy to Bukton: in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. C. T. - Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, edited by F. 
J.Fumivall, Chaucer Soc [About 1386.] 
Quoted by group-letter and line; see 
comparative Table, p. xxii« 

Ch. C. t. (W.) - The Canterbury Tales of G.Chaucer, 
edited by T. Wright, published for the 
Percy Soc. (vols, xxiv-xxvi.) 1847-51, 
and for general circulation, London, 
1853. Quoted by line. 

Ch. coMp. M. - Compleint of Mars. 

Ch. comp. v.- Compleint of Venus. 

Ch. d. Bl. - Deth of Blanche. 

Ch. f. age -The Former Age. 

Ch. fortune. >. in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. GENT.- Gentilesse. 

Ch. h. f. - House of Fame. 

Ch.l.g.w.— Legend of Good Women. / 



XIV 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



in Ch. m. p. 



CH.L.G.w.(Sk.)- Chaucer's Legend of Good 

Women, edited by W. W. Skeat. Oxford, 

1889. [About 1385.] 
Ch. l. s. » Lack of Stedfastnesse : in Ch. m. p. 
Ch. m. p. «- Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by F. J. 

Furnivall, Chaucer Soc. Quoted by 

title of piece and line. 

Ch. m. p. (Sk). « Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford, 1888. Quoted by 
title of piece and line. 

Ch. p. f. = Parlement of Foulet. 

Ch. PITIE—Conipleint to Pitie. 

Ch. prov.«Two Proverbt. 

Ch. purse « Compleint to his Pune. 

Ch. Scog. b> Lenvoy to Scogan. 

Ch. Tro.- Parallel Text Print of Chaucer's Trollus 
and Creseyde, from three MSS. put 
forth by F. J. Fumivall, Chaucer Soc. 
1 881 -a. [About 1374.] 

Ch. Tro. (T.)« Chaucer's Troilus and Creseyde in 
edition 1843; see Ch. (T.). 

Ch. TRUTHS Truth: in Ch. m. p. 

Chest. - The Chester Whitsun plays, edited by T. 
Wright, Shakspeare Soc. Nos. 17 and 
35i 1843-7- [About 1430.] Quoted 
by vol. and page. 

CHR. £^ '^ Chronicle of England in Ritson*s Ancient 
English Metrical Romances (i8oa), 
vol. ii. pp. 370-313. [About 1335.] 
Quoted by line. 

Cl. -Sir Cleges, in Weber's Metrical Ro- 

mances (x8io), vol i. pp. 313-353. 
[About 1 410.] Quoted by line. 

CL. M. B Clene Maydenhod, edited by F. J. Fumi- 
vall, EE.T.S., No. 35, 1867. [About 
1376.] Quoted by line. 

COMP. BL. KN.«* Complaint of the Black Knight, by 
Lidgate, formerly attributed to Chaucer, 
printed in Ch. (T.). [About 1430.] 
Quoted by line. 

CR. K. -The Crowned King, edited by W. W. 
Skeat, (in vol. containing the C-Text of 
Langland), E.E.T.S., No. 54, 1873. 
[About 1 41 5.] Quoted by Ime. 

CT. LOVE. «- The Court of Love, wrongly attributed to 
Chaucer, printed in Ch. (T.). [About 

D. Arth. - Moxte Arthure ; or the Death of Arthur, 
edited by Edmd. Brock. E.ET.S., No. 8, 
1 87 1, previously edited by G. G. Perry, 
1805. [Yorkshire b^inning of 15U1 
century.] Quoted by Une. 

D AV. DR. « Adam Davy^s Five Dreams about Edward 
II, edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S., 
No. 69, 1878. [i4tb cent] Quoted 
by line. 

Degr. —The Romance of Sir Degrevant, in the 
Thornton Romances, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, pp. 177-256. Cam. Soc. No. 
XXX. 1844. [Before 1440.] Quoted 
by line. 

DEP. R. "^Rijhard the Redelcs, an Alliterative 
Poem on [the Deposition of] Richard 
II, edited bvW.W. Skeat (in theC-Text 
volume of Langland) E.E.T.S., No. 54, 



1873. [1399.] Quoted by passus and 
line. 

DEP. R. (W.). -The same, edited by Thos. Wright, 
Cam. Soc No. iii. 1838, reprinted in 
P. P. 1 859. 

D I EFINB. \VB. « Vergleichendes Woiterbuch der 
gothischen Sprache von Lor. Diefen- 
bach, Frankfart, 1851. 

DiEZ WB. s Etymologisches Worterbuch der roma- 
nischen Sprachen von F. Diez. Bonn, 

>853. 
DiGB. B Ancient Mysteries from the Digby M.S. 
133, Abbotsford Club, 1835. [About 
1485.] Quoted by page. 

DiGB. (F.)->The same [Digby Mysterie], edited 
and added to, by F. J. Fumivall, New 
Shakspere Soc., 1882. [About 1485.] 
Quoted by piece and line. 

dream « The Drerae, formerly attributed to Chau- 
cer, printed in Ch. (T.). [15th cent] 
Quoted by line. 

D. Troy «:The Gest Historiale of the Destraction 
of Troy, edited by G. A. Panton and 
D. Donaldson, E.E.T.S., Nos. 39, 56, 
1869-74. [About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

DU Cange B Caroli du Fresne, domini du Cange, 
glossarium ad scriptores mediae et 
infimae latinitatis, Francofurti, 17 10. 

£. G. « English Gilds, edited by Miss L. Toulmin 

Smith, E.E.T.S.,No. 40, 1870. Quoted 

by page. 
B. T. -The Erl of Tolous, in Rit8on*s Metrical 

Romances (1803), vol. iii, pp. 93-144. 

[About 1450.] Quoted byline. 

E.T. (L.)-The Erl of Tolous and the Emperes of 
Almayn, herausgegeben von G. Liidtke. 
in Sammlung Englischer Denkmaler, 
Berlin, 1881. Quoted by line. 

e. w. -The Fifty Eariiest English Willi, 1387- 
X 439, edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S., 
No. 78, 1883. Quoted by page. 

Ed. —St. Editha, sive Chronicon Vilodunense, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, Heil- 
bronn, 1883. [About i4aa] Quoted 
byline. 

Egilss. —Lexicon poeticum antiquae linguae sep- 
tentrionalis, conscripsit Sveinbjorn 
Egilsson, Hafhiae, i86o. 

Egl. — The Romance of Sir Eglamour of Artois, 
edited by J. O. Halliwell, in the 
Thomton Romances, pp. 1 31-175, Cam. 
Soc. No. XXX. 1844. [? Early 15th 
cent] Quoted by line. 

Ell. ROM. -Specimens of Early English Metrical 
Romances, edited by G. Ellis, 3nd 
edition, London, 1 8 1 1 . Quoted by page. 

Em. — Emare, in Ritson*s Metrical Romances 

(1802), vol. ii. pp. 304-347. [About 
1460.] Quoted by line. 

Eng. ST. — Englische Studien, herausgegeben von E. 
Kolbing. Quoted by volume and page. 

Erc. — The Romance and Prophecies of Thomas 
of Erceldoune, edited by J. A. H. 
Murray, E.E.T.S.,No.6i, 1874. [About 
1425.] Quoted by line. 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XV 



£RC.(B.)«The tame, edited by A. Brandl, in 

Sammlung Englischer Denkmiiler. 

Quoted by line. 
Ettm. lex. - Lexicon Anglotaxonicnm, edited by L. 

Ettmiillenit, Qnedlinbnrgii, 1851. 
F. c. —The Forme of Cury, edited by S. Peggc, 

London, 1 780. [? About 1 390.] Quoted 

by page. 

Fer. —Sir Fernmbras, edited by S. J. Herrtiige, 
E.E.T.S., No. xxxiv, 1879. [About 
1380.] Quoted by line. 

FL.&BL.BFlorix and Blauncheflur, edited by R. 

Lumby,E.£.T.S., No. 14/1866. [About 

1 375.] Quoted by line. 
Fl. 8c Bl. (H.) - The same [Floris and Blauncheflur], 

edited by E. Hausknecht in Sammlung 

Englischer Denkmiiler, Berlin, 1885. 

Quoted by line. 

Fi«. & LEAF. -» The Flower and the Leaf, fonnerly 

attributed to Chancer. Printed in Ch. 

(T.). [15th cent]. 
Flor. "Le bone Florence of Rome, in Rit800*s 

Metrical Romances (i8oa), vol. iii. pp. 

1-93. [About 1440.] Quoted by Ime. 

FRAG. "* Fragment of i¥llfnc*s Grammar, iElfric*s 
Glossary, and poem on the Soul and 
Body in the orthography of the lath 
cent., edited bv T. Phillipps, London, 
1838. Quoted by page. 

Fritzner s Ordbog over det gamle Norske Sprog of 
Joh. Fritzner, Kristiania, 1867. 

Gam. »The Tale of ^one Gamelin, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford 1884. [About 
1400.] Quoted by line. 

Gaw. —Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight, 
edited by R. Morris, E.E;T.S., No. 4, 
1864. (Previously edited by F. Madden, 
Bannatyn Club, 1839.) [? Lancashire 
about 1360.] Quoted by line. 

GEN. 8c EX. -■ The Stoiy of Genesis and Exodus, edited 
by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 7, 1865. 
[? Norfolk or Suffolk about 1250.] 
Quoted by line. 

Gener. « A Royal Historie of the excellent Knight 
Generides, edited by F. J. Fumivall, 
from the Helmingham MS. Roxburghe 
Club, 1865, [About 1430.] Quoted 
by line. 

Gener. (W.)->Generydes, edited by W. A. Wright, 
from MS. in Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, E.E.T.S., Nos. 55 8c 70, 1873-9. 
[About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

GEST. R. -The Old English Versions of the Gesta 
Romanorum, edited by F. Madden, Rox- 
burghe Club, 1838, [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GEST. R. (H.)aThe Gesta Romanorum, edited by 
S. J. H. Heritage from three MS. (H.) 
HarL 7333, (H.') Additional 9066; 
(H*) Cambridge (k. k. i. 6); E.E.T.S., 
No. xxxiii. 1879. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GOLAG. "-The Knightly Tale of Golagros and 
Ga wane, printed in .Sir Gawayne volume, 
edited by F. Madden, Bannatyne Club. 
1839; T^-^ted by M. Trautmann in 



Angl. n.4ioE [Scottish about 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

Go w. » Confessio Amantis of John Gower, edited 
by R. Paul!, London, 1 857. [Middlesex 
about 1400; but edition not from coeval 
MSS.] Quoted by volume and page. 

GR. e The Grave, in Thorpe's Analecta Auglo- 

Saxonica, p. 14a, re-edited in Angl. 
V. 289. [lathcent] Quoted by line. 

Graff -■ Althochdentscher Sprachschatz von E. 
G. Graff, Berlm, 1834-42. 

Greg —Die engliscfae Gregorlegende, herau»- 
gegeben von F. Schulz, Konigsbere, 
1876, [Auchinleck MS.; J3th cent] 
Quoted by line. 

G&xiN -sSpraohacfaats der angelsiichsischcn 
Dicfater, beaibeitet voo C. W. M. Gieln, 
Catiel and G^iogen, 1861-4. 

Gr. GRAM. —Deutsche Grammatik von Jac. Grinam. 

a. Ai^. 
Grl. -> Lovelich's History of the Holy Grail, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S.,' 

Nos. XX, xxiv, xxviii, xxx, 1874-78. 

[About 1450.] Quoted by chapter and 

Gft.WB. -DeotBc^ Wdrt»badi von Jac. and 
WUh. Grimm. 

GuiL. ^ A prose translatioo of Ae fint versi<vi of 
Gmlevi]le*s UPelerinagede I'Horome, 
edited by W. A. Wright fiom the Camb. 
Univ. MS., Fl 5, 30^ Roxborgfae Club, 
1869. [About 1430J Quoted by Mfle. 

Guil' -The Booke of the Fylgremage ot tne 
Sowle, translated firom the French of 
de Guileville (Tby Lidgate, 1413% 
edited from Caxton*s impression by 
Miss Cust, London, 1859. Quoted by 
book, chapter, and page. 

Guy -The Romance of Sir Guy of Warwick 

and Rembrun his son, edited by W. D. 

Tumbull, Abbotsford Club, 1840. 

[About 1314.1 Quoted by line. 
Guy (Z.) -Guy of Warwick, edited by T. Zupitxa, 

from the Auchinleck and Caius MSS. 

E.E.T.S., Nos, xlii, xlxi, 1883-7. 

[About 1314.] Quoted by line. 
GuyVZ.)-Guy of Warwick (and version), edited 

by J. Zupitia, E.E.T.S., Nos. xxv, xxvi, 

1S75-6. [15th cent.] Quoted by line. 
H. H. —The Harrowing of Hell, herausgegeben 

von Ed. MalCfrom three MSS., Harl. 

aa53> ^g^y 86, and the Auchinleck. 

Breslan, 1871. {About 1310.] Quoted 

by line. 

- The same, edited by J. O. Halliwell from 
Harl. MS. 2253, London, 1840. f? Here- 
fordshire about 1310.] Quoted by line. 

H. M. — Hali Meidenhad, edited by O. Cockayne^ 
E.E.T.S., No. 18, 1866. [About 1230.] 
Quoted by page. 

H. s. — Robert of Brunne*s Handling Sinne ; edited 
by F. J. Fumivall from Harl. MS. 1701, 
Roxburghe Clnb, 1863. [Lincolnshire 
about 1303.] Quoted by line. 

H. V. rr- Hymns to the Virgin, etc., edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 24, 1867. 
[About 1430.] Quoted by page. 



XVI 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Haldors. b Lexicon Islaodico • Latino - Danicum 
Biomonis Haldoreooii, cura R. K. 
Raskii editum, Havniae, 1814. 

Halliw.«-A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 
Words, by J.O. Halliwell, London, 1850. 
Quoted by page. 

Hamp.ps. sHampole's Psalms and Canticles with a 
* Commentary, edited by H. R. Bramley. 

Oxford, 1884. [Before 1340.] Quoted 
by psalm and verse ; or by page. 

Hamp. tr. — Hampole*s Prose Treatises, edited bv 
G. G. Perry, E.E.T.S., No. ao, 1866. 
[About 1340.] Quoted by page. 

H AV. B The Lay of Havelok the Dane, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S.. No. iv. 1868. 
[? Lincolnshire about 1380.] Quoted 
by line. 

Heynb a-Kleinere altniederdeutsche Denkmaler, 
mit ausfuhrlichem Glossar, heraus- 
geeeben von Moritz Heyne, Paderbom, 
1807. 

HiCKBS —Linguarum vetenim septentrionalium 
thesaurus, auctore G. Hicke8io,Oxoniae, 
1705. Quoted by volume and page. 

Hipp. sDictionnaire de la langue fran9aise au 
XII* et au XIII* siMe, par C. Hip- 
peau, Paris, 1873. 

hist.Edwd. — Historie of the Arrivall of Edward 
IV in England, a.d. X471, edited 1^ 
John Bruce, Camd. Soc. No. 1. 1838. 
Quoted by page. 

HocCL. -Poems by Thos. Hocclcve, London, 
1796. [About 1400.] Quoted by 
number of piece and line. 

HoccL. REG. PRiN.-iDe Regimine Principum, by 
T. Occleve, edited by T. Wright, Rox- 
burghe Club, x86o. [X4th cent.] 
Quoted from N.E.D. 

HOLTZM. ■■ Altdeutsche Grammatik von Ad. Holtz- 
mann. 

HOM. «01d English Homilies and Homiletic 
Treatises of the x 3th and 1 3th centuries, 
edited by Richd. Morris, E.KT.S., first 
reries, Nos. 29 and 34; and second 
series, Nu. 53. 1867-S, 1873. Qnoted 
by series and page. 

Horn (H.)— King Horn, herausgeeeben von C. 
Horstmann, in arch. vol. L pp. 41-58. 
[Before X300.] Qnoted by line. 

Horn (L.)» King Horn, edited by R. Lumby, 
E.E.T.S., No. 14, 1866. Quoted by 
line. 

Horn (R.)-The geste of King Horn, in Ritson's 
Metriod Romances (1802), vol. ii. pp. 
91-155. Quoted byline. 

Horn (W.)s Das Lied von King Horn, heraus> 
gegeben von T. Wissmann, Strassburg, 
1881. Quoted by line. 

Horn CH.B Horn child and maiden Rimnild in 
Ritson's Metrical Romances (1802), vol. 
iii. pp. 382-320. [Auchinleck MS. 
about 132a] Quoted by line. 

hunt. a-The Hunting of the Hare, in Weber*s 
Metrical Romances (1810), vol. iii. pp. 



279-290. [? About 1375.] Quoted by 
line. 

Ihre -iGlossarium Suio-Gothicum, auctore J. 
Ihre, Upsaliae, 1769. 

Ipom. —The Life of Ipomidon, in Weber's 
Metrical Romances (1810), vol. ii. 281- 
365. [About 1 440. J Quoted by line. 

Ipom. (K.)sBlpomedon, in drei englischen Bearbei- 
tungen, heransgegeben von E. Kolbing, 
Bre^u, 1889. [Version A, ? 14th cent. ; 
B (same as tne above) ; C (prose), 1 5th 
cent.] A and B quoted by line, C by 
page. 

IscM. BE The Romance of Sir Isumbras, edited by 
J. O. Halliwell, in the Thornton Ro- 
mances, pp. 88-1 20, Cam. Soc No. xxx, 
1844. [Before 1400.] (Juoted by line. 

Iw. slwaine and Gawin, in Ritson's Metrical 

Romances (1802), vol. i. pp. 1-169. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

J. T. «St. Jeremie's 15 Tokens before Doomes- 
day, edited by F. J. Fumivall, in 
E.E.T.S., No. 69, 1878. [X4th cent] 
Quoted by line. 

jarb. sjahrbuch fiir romanische und englische 
Sprache, &c., von Ludw. Lemcke. 
(Quoted by volume and page. 

John a-The Gospel according to St. John, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 1878 

SaUon MS. ?Kent about 1150]. 
oted by chapter and verse. 

Jos. at Joseph of Arimathie, edited by W. W. 
Skeat,KE.T.S.,No.44, 1811. [Vernon 
MS. about 1350.] Qnoted by line. 

Jul. -The liflade of St Juliana, edited by O. 

Cockayne and T. Brock, from two MSS. 
(Royal 17 A xxvii and Bodl. 34). 
E.E.T.S., No. 51, 1872. [About 1200.] 
(Juoted by page. 

Jul*. -The Metrical Life of St Juliana (Ashm. 
43), in the same vol. [About 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

K. CoL. —Three Kings of Cologne, edited from 
Cam. Univ. Ee. 4 and Royal 18 A. x. 
by C. Horstmann, E.E.T.S., No. 85, 
1886. [15th cent.] (Jnoted by page. 

K. T. -The King of Tars and the Soudan of 
Dammas, in Ritson's Metrical Ro- 
mances (1802), vol. ii. pp. i56-203< 
[About X330.] Quoted by line. 

Kath. —The Legend of St Katherine of Alex- 
andria, edited by J". Morton, from MS. 
Cott. Titus Dxviii. with v.r. from 
Royal 17 A xxvii. Abbotsford Club, 
1841. [About 1225.] Quoted by Ime. 

KATH.(E.)-The same, edited by E. Einenkel, 
E.KT.S., No. 80, 1 884. [About 1 200.] 
Also printed with Kath.* Quoted by 
line. 



Kath *. 



KiL. 



• The Life and Martyrdom of St. Katherine' 
of Alexandria, edited from a MS. of 15th 
cent by H. H. Gibbs, Roxb. Club, 1884. 
[Prose, about 1430.] (Juoted by page. 

lEtymologicum Teutonicae linguae, sive 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XVII 



dictionaritimTeiitonico-Latinum, studio 
et opera Corn. KilUni Dufflaei, editio 
tertia, Antverpiae, 1599. 

KN. L. - Knight of La Tour Landry, edited by 
Thoi. Wright, E.E.T.a, No. 33, 1868. 
[About 1440.] Qnoted by page. 

L. c. c. ■ Liber Core Cocomm, edited by R. Morris, 
Philol. Soc i86a. [About 1420.] 
Qnoted by page. 

L. F. M. B. -The Layfolk's Mawbook. edited by T. F. 
Simmons, E.E.T.S., No. 7i, 1879. 
[A bout 1 375 - 1 400.] Qnoted by page. 

L. H. R. -Legends of the Holy Rood, edited by R. 
Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 46, 1871. Quoted 
by page. 

L. N. F. —Altcnglische Legenden, neue Folg^e, 
herausgegebcn von C. Hontmann, Heil- 
bronn, 1881. Quoted by page. 

Laj. -Lasamon's Brut, edited by F. Madden, 
Soc of Antiquaries, London 1847. 
[? Worcester^re, first text about 1205, 
second about 1275.] Quoted by line. 

LAiLEFR.aLai le Frelne, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances (1810), vol. i. pp. 357--37*« 
[About 1325.] Quoted by line. 

Langl. »The Vision of William (Langland, or 
I-angley) concerning Piers the Plow- 
man, three texU, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. 28, 38, 54, 67, 81, 
1867-85; afterwards edited lor the 
Clarendon Press, Oxford, x886. [^-text 
al)out 1362, B 1377, and C 1393.] 
Quoted by passus and line. 

Langl. (Wr.)-The Vision of Piers Ploughman, 
edited by T. Wright, London, 1856. 
[A i?-text of the lOxiye; about 1377] 
Quoted by line. 

Lavnf. « Launfal, in Ritson's Metrical Romances 
(1802), vol. i. pp. 170-215. [About 
1460.] Quoted by line. 

LEB. Jis. — Leben Jesu, herausgegebcn von C. Horst- 
mann, Miinster, 1873. [About 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

LEECHD. -Leechdoms, Wortcunning. and Starcraf 
of Early England, by O. Cockape, 
Rolls Series, London, 1864-1866. 
3 vols. Quoted by volume and page. 

Le Gon. » Dictionnaire breton-fran9ais de L. 
Gonidec, enrichi par Hersart de le 
Villemarqu^, Saint Brienx, 1850. 

LEO. aiAltenglische Legenden, herausgegebcn 
von C. Horstmann, Paderbom, 1875. 
[Late 13th cent] Quoted by page. 

LEG. CATH.-iLegendae Catholicae, a little Boke of 
seintlie Gestes, edited by W. D. Turn- 
bull, Edinburgh, 1 840. Quoted by page. 

Lexer BMittelhochdeutsches Handworterbuch 
von M. Lexer. 

LiDG. BOCH. a The Tragedies gathered by I. Bochas 
of all such princes as fell from their 
estates, etc., transl. by John Lydgale, 
edition of 1 558. [? Written about 1450.] 
Quoted chiefly from the N.E.D. 

LiDG.M.P.«iA Selection from the Minor Poems of 



dan John Lydgate,edited bv J. O. Halli- 
well, Percy Soic, vol. ii., 184a [About 
143^0 Quoted by page. 

LiDG.TH.BThe Story of Thebes bv Lydgate, 
printed in Ch. Quoted by line. 

LiDa Troy «i The Historic, Sege, and Distruccion 
of Troye, translated by John Lidgate, 
London, 151 3. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by book and chapter, chiefly from N . E. d. 

LiND. sLindisfame Gospels printed in John, 
Lk., Mk., Mt. [About 95a] 

Littr£ arDictionnaire de la Langue fran9aise par 
E. Littr6, Paris, 1873. 

Lk. -The Gospel according to Saint Luke, 

edited by W. W. &eat, Cambridge, 
1874. [Hatton MS. 7 Kent about 1x5a] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

LVD. Cov. -i Lodns Coventriae, edited by J. O. Halli- 
well, Shakespeare Soc, 1841. [War- 
wickshire 15th century.] Quoted by 

If. Arth. «Le Morte Arthur, edited by F. J. Fumi- 
vali, London, 1864. [Harl. MS. 2252, 
about 1460 ; the date of composition is 
much older.] Quoted by line. 

M. God » * Mother of God,* by Hocdeve, printed 
in Ch. M. p. [About 1400.] Quoted 
by line. 

If. H. - English Metrical Homilies from MSS. of 
the 14th century edited by John Small, 
Edinb., 1862. [About 1335.] Quoted 
by page. 

M. T. e Andent Metrical Tales, edited by C. H. 
Hartshome, London, 1829. Quoted 
by page. 

Mau BMalloxy'i King Arthur, edited by 
R. Southey from Caxton*s copy, London, 
1817. Since re-edited by H . O. Sommer, 
London, 1889-90. Qnoted by book 
and chapter. 

Man. (F.)« Robert Manning*s History of England, 
edited by F. J. Fnmivall, RolU Series, 
London, 1887. [About 1330.] Quoted 
byline. 

Man. (H.) -i Peter Langtoft*s Chronicle, as illustrated 
and improv*d by Robert of Brunne, 
edited by Th. Heame, Oxford, 

1725. [Lincolnshire 1338.] Quoted byi 
page. 

Mand. aBThe Voiage and Travaile of Sir John 
Maundeville, reprinted from the edition 
of 1725, with an introduction, by 
J. O. Halliwell, London, 1830, re- 
issued x866. [About 1400.] Quoted 

Map *«The Latin Poems commonly attributed 
to Walter Map, edited by T. Wright, 
Camden Soc, No. xvi. 1841. [Con- 
tains some Middle Eng. Poems : Body 
and Soul, from MS. Laud 108, 131(1 
cent. ; the same from Vernon MS., about 
13x0; Body and Soul (another ver- 
sion),, from MS. Harl. 2253, about 
1325; Sir Penny, from MS. Cotton 
Galba E. iz., J4th cent.] Quoted 

^yp*g«« 



XVlll 

Marg. 



EXPLANATION OF .REFERENCES. 



Mat. 



MED. s 



Seinte Margarete (in Mark. vol.)i edited 
by O. Cockayne. [Harl. US, 3277, 
about 1300.] Quoted by line. 

Mark. •> Seinte Marherete, >e meiden ant martyr, 
from MSS. R^. 17, Axxvii, and Bodl. 
34 [about 1 300] ; printed toother with 
Maro. (pp. 34-53) and Mcidan Mare- 
grete (Tnn. ColL Cantab. MS. about 
1358) pp. 34-43> reprinted from Hickes 
i 334 R. ; London, 186a, afterwards 
le-issued E.E.T.S., No. 13, 1866. 
Quoted by page. 

MAS. «> A Poem on the Constitutions of Masonry, 
in HaUiweU's Early History of Free- 
masonry in England, 1844, pp. 13-40. 
[14th cent] (^ted by line. 
The Gospel accordix^ to St. Matthew, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 
1887. FHatton MS. ?Kent about 1150.] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

Meditations on the Supper of our Lord, 
etc., by Robert of Brunne, edited by 
J. M. Cowper, from Harl. MS. 1701, 
collated with Bodl. 415, EE.T.S., No. 
^1 *S75' [About 1320.] Quoted by 
line. 

Mbr. » Merlin, a Prose Romance, edited by H. B. 
Wheatley, KET.a, Nos. 10, 31, 36, 
1865-6-9. [About 1440.] Quoted by 
chapter and page. 

Min. a Poems of Laurence Minot, edited by J. 
Hall, Oxford, 1887. [MS. about 14 15, 
composed about 135a.] Quoted by 
number of piece and line (in the earlier 
pages, sometimes by page of Ritson's 
edition, London, 1825!) 

MIB. PL. —A Collection of English Miracle-Plays, 
from the Chester, Coventry, Townley, 
and Digby Mysteries, together with 
God's Promises, edited by W. Marriott, 
Basel, 1838. Quoted by page. 

Mirc a Instructions for Parish Priests by John 
Myrc, edited by Edw. Peacock , E. E.T.S. , 
No. 31, x868. [Shropshire about 1400.] 
Quoted by line. 

MISC. ""An Old English Miscellany, edited by 
R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 49, 1873. 
Quoted by page. 

Mk. » The Gospel according to St. Mark, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 187 1 
[Hatton MS., ?Kent about 11 50.] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

MoNB aQnellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte 
der teutschen Literatur und Sprache von 
F. J. Mone, Aachen, 1830. 

M. E. D. » ANew English Dictionary on Historical 
Principles, edited by J. A. H. Murray 
(A-Chvy), Oxford, 1884-1890. 

N. P. »Nugae Poeticae. Select pieces of Old 
English popular poetry, edited by J. O. 
Haliiwell, London, 1844. Quoted by 
page. 

o. & N. « An Old Englbh poem of the Owl and 
the Nightingale, edited by F. H. Strat- 
mann, Krefeld, x868, previously edited 



by T. Wright, Percy Soc vol. ri. 1843. 

[? Dorset, Wilu, or Hants ; about 1335.] 

Quoted by line. 
O'Brien » An Irish-English Dictionary by J. 0*Brien, 

second edition, Dublin, 1033. 
0CTAV.(H.)-The Romance of the EmpcrourOc- 

tavian, edited by T. O. Halliwdl, Percy 

Soc vol. xiv. 1844. [Before 1 400. J 

Quoted by line. 

OcTAV.(S.)»The same, edited by G. Sarradn, in 
Kolbing*s AltengUsche Bibliothek, vol. 
iii. pp. 64 ff. [About 1400.] Quoted 
by line. 

OcTOV.(S.)«BOctovian Imperator edited by G. Sar- 
razin, in Kolbmg's Altenglische Biblio- 
thek, vol. iii. p. 1-63. [Before 1400.] 
Quoted by line. 

OcTOV.(W.)=The same in Weber's Metrical 
Romances ^1810), voL iii. p. 157-339. 
Quoted by line. 

O'Reilly— An Irish-English Dictionary by T. 
O'Reilly, Dublin, 1817. 

Orf. « Sir Orfeo, herausgegeben von O. Zielke, 
Breslau, 1880. [About 1300.] Quoted 
by line. 

orig. = Originals and Analogues of some of 
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Chaucer 
Soc, 1875. Quoted by page. 

Orm. ■■ The Ormulum by Ormin, edited by R. M. 
White, Oxford. 1853, re-edited by R. 
Holt, 1878. [? Lincolnshire about 1 20a] 
Quoted by line, or title of piece and line. 

OuDEM. «Bijdrage tot een middel- en oudneder- 
landsch woordenboek door A.C. Oude- 
mans, Amhem, 1869-1878. 

p. bA Poem on the Times of Edward II, 

edited by C. Hardwick, Percy Soc., vol. 
xxviii. 1849. [About 1320.] Quoted 
by stanza. 

p. L. 8. ■■ Early English Poems and Lives of Saints, 
edited by F. J. Fumivall, PhiloL 
Soc, 1865. Quoted by number of piece 
and line (or stanza). 

P. P. ■> Political Poems and Songs, edited by 
Thos. Wright, Rolls S^es, London, 
-vol. i, 1859. Quoted by page. 

P. p. II. "The same, vol. ii., 1861. Quoted by 
page. 

p. R.L. P. « Political, Religious, and Love Poems, 
edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.Ti5., 
No. 15, 1866. Quoted by page. 

P. s. « The Political Songs of England, from 
the reign of John to that of Edward II, 
edited by T. Wright, Camden Soc., No. 
vi., 1839. Qnoted by page. 

Fall. -iPalladius on Husbondrie, edited by B. 
Lodge and S. T. Heritage, E.E.T.S., 
Nos. 52 8c 72, 1872. [About 1430.] 
Quoted by book and line. 

PXbten. -iThe Romans of Partenay or Lusignen, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., 
No. 22, 1866. [About 1500.] Quoted 
by line. 

Parton. «The Old English version of Partonope 
of Blois, edited by W. E. Buckley, 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XIX 



Roxburgh Club, i86a. [Abont 1440.3 
Quoted by line. 

PEN. PS. «A Paraphrase of the Seven Penitential 
Psalmt, in English verse, supposed to 
have been written by T. Brampton, in 
1414, edited by W. H. Black, Percy Soc, 
vol. vii. 184a. Quoted by page. 

Perc. -iThe Romance of Sir Perceval of Galles, 
edited by J. O. Halliwell, in the 
Thornton Romances, pp. 1-87, Camd. 
Soc., No. XXX. 1844. [Yorkshire the be- 
ginning of the 15th cent.] Quoted by 
Tine. 

PlLGR.s.v.«iThe Pilgrims* Sea Vowe, edited by 
F. J. Fumivall, in EE.T.S., No. 25, 
1867. Quoted by line. 

PL. CR. «i Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, £.£.T.S., No. 30, 1867. 
[Aboot 1394.] Quoted by line. 

PL. T. a-The Plowman's Tale, printed in Ch. pp. 
157-168; reprinted in P. P. ['Com- 
pUunt of the Ploughman*] pp. 304- 
346. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
stanza. 

PR. c. s The Pricke of Conscience by R. Rolle de 
Hampole, edited by R. Morris, Philol. 
Soc, 1863. [Yorkshire about 1340.] 
Quoted by line. 

^R. P. IB Promptorium Parvulomm, sive Cleri- 
corum, dictionarius Anglo-Latinus 
princeps, auctore fratre Galmdo, gram- 
matico dicto, ex ordine fratmm pre- 
dicatorum, Northfolciensi, circa A.D. 
1^0, ad fidem codicnm recensuit 
Albertus Way, Camden Soc, Nos. xxv., 
liv., Ixxxix., 1843-65. Quoted by page. 

PROC. BThe only 'English Proclamation of 
Henry III, 18 Oct. 1 358, edited by Alex. 
J. EUis, PhiloL Soc, 1868. Quoted 
by line of original MS. 

PS. s An^lo-Saxon and Early English Psalter, 

edited by T. Stevenson , Surtees Soc. , Nos. 
xvi, xix, 1843-7. [Before 1300.] Quoted 
by psalm and verse. 

QUAIR -The King's Quair,edited by W. W.Skeat, 
Scottish Text Soc, 1884. [About 1423.] 
Quoted by stanza. 

R. p. — Religious Pieces in Prose and Verse, 
edited from R. Thornton's MS. [about 
1440] by G. G. Perry, E.ET.S., No. 
a6, 1867. Quoted by page. 

R. R « The Romaunt of the Rose, formerly attri- 
buted to Chaucer, printed in Ch. (T.). 
[? About 1400.] C^oted by line. 

R. s. —Religious Songs, edited by Thos. Wright, 
Percy Soc, voL xi., 1843. [About 
X a 35.] Quoted by number of piece. 

R. w. « [Royal Wills.] A Collection of Wills 
now kno¥ni to be extant of the Kings 
and Queens of England from William 
I to rienry VIL Soc of Antiquaries, 
1780. Quoted by page. 

RKB.LINC. — Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincoln- 
shire, 1470, edited by J. G. Nichols, 

b 



in Camden Miscellany, vol. i., Camd. 
Soc No. xxxix. Quoted by page. 

REL. — Reliquiae Antiouae, edited by T. Wright 
and J. O. Halliwell, London, 1841-3. 
Quoted by volume and page 

Rich. - Richard Coer de Lion, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances ( 18 xo), voL ii. 3-3 78. [About 
1335O Quoted by line. 

RiCHBY — Idioticon Hamburgense von M. Richey, 
Hamburg, 1755. 

RiCHTH. — Altfriesisches Worterbnch von Karl von 
Richthofen, Gottingen, 1840. 

RiETZ -Svenftkt Dialekt-lexikon of J. K Rietz, 
Lund, 1867. 

Rob. — Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle, edited 
from HarL MS. byT. Heame, London, 
1 810. [Gloucestershire about 1300.] 
Quoted by page. 

Rob. (W.) - The same, edited by W. A. Wright, from 
Cotton MS. Caligula A xL, Rplls Series, 
London, 1887. Quoted by line. 

Rqf. — Glossaire de la laiigoe romane par J. B. 
Roquefort, Paris, 1808. 

s. A. L. — Sammlung altenglischer Legenden, von 
C. Horstmann, Heilbronn, 1878. 
Quoted by page. 

S.& C. I. - Songs and Carols, printed from a MS. in 
the Sloane Collection in the British 
Museum, edited by T. Wright, Warton 
Club, No. J, 1856. [? Warwickshire 
beginning of the 15th cent] Quoted 
by piece 

s.&C.IL— Songs and Carols, from a MS. of the 
15th cent., edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc voL xxiii. 1847. Quoted by 
piece. 

S. B. w. «- KingSolomon's Book of Wisdom, edited 
^F. J. Fumivall, in E.ET.S., No. 69, 
1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
line 

S. c. D. J. —Solomon's Coronation, Deeds, and Judg- 
ment, edited by F. J. Fumivall, in 
KET.S.,No.69, 1878. [? About 1400.] 
Quoted by line 

s. J. —A Song of Joy for Christ's Coming, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, in EE.T.S., 
No. 69, 1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted 
by line. 

H.S. (WEB.)-The Proces of the Sevin Sages, in 
Weber's Metrical Romances (18 10), vol. 
Hi, pp. 3-153. [About 1320.] Quoted 
by line. 

M. s. (Wr.) - The Seven Sages, edited by T. Wright, 
Percy Soc, vol. xvi. 1846. [Abiut 
1 4^5-] Quoted by line 

SACR. -The Play of the Sacratnent, edited by 
W. Stokes, Philol. Soc, i86a. [About 
1460.] Quoted by line. 

SAIKTS (Ld.) — Early South-English Legendary from 
Laud MS. 108, edited by C. Horstmann, 
EET.S., No. 87, 1887. [About 1290.] 
Quoted by number of piece and line, 
or by page. 

2 



XX 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Sch.&LUb. 



Sal. & Sat. » The Dialogae of Salomon and 
Saturnasy edited with introduction by 
J. M. Kemble, £x>ndon,i848. [? About 
1300.] Quoted by line. 

Sax. chr. -^Two of the Saxon Chronicles, edited bv 
J. Earle, Oxford, 1865. [MS. Laud 
from X laa-i 164, Peterborough]. Quoted 
by page. 

B Mittelniedeideutsches Worterbuch von 
K. Schiller und A. Liibben, Bremen, 
1875. 

ScHAMB. «\VdrterbuchderniederdeutichenMundart 
der Fiintenthiimer Gottingen und Gru- 
benhagen von G. SchambMh, Hanover, 
1858. 

SciiMELL.^Glossariura Saxonicum e poemate 
Heliand inscripto et minoribus quibus- 
dam priscae Imguae monnmentis col- 
lectum a J. A. Schmeller, Monachii, 
Stuttgartiae et Tubtngae, 1840. 

SCHMID aBDIe Gesetze der Angelsachien, herau»- 
ge^ben von Reinh. Schmid, a. Auflage, 
iJtipagf 1858. 

Gothiiches Glossar von Emit Schulze. 



SCHUL. 

SchUtze 



J. F. 



Holsteinischet Idiotikon von 
Schiitze, Hambarg, 1800-6. 

Shor. -iThe Religious Poems of William de 
Shoieham, edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc, vol. xxviii, 1849. [Kent about 
13>5-] Quoted by page. 

SPEC. IB Specimens of Lyric Poetrv composed in 
En^and in the reign of Edward 1, edited 
by T. Wright, Percy Soc., vol. iv. 184a 
[from Harl. MS. 2353 (see A.D.).] 
Quoted by page. 

SQ. L. DEG. as The Squyr of Lowe Degie, in Ritson*s 
Metrical Romances (i8oa), vol. iii, pp. 
145-193. [7 About 1475.] Quoted by 
line. 

St. cod. * Codicem manuscript nm Digby 86, in 
bibliotheca Bodleiana asservatum de- 
scripsit, ezoerpsit, illustravit £. Stengel, 
Halis, 1 87 1. Quoted by page. 

ST. R. »The Stacions of Rome, edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S.. No. 35, 1867. 
rVem. MS. about 1375.] Quoted by 

SI DR. «i A Selection of Latin Stories, edited by T. 

Wright, Percy Soc., vol. viU. 184a. 

Quoted by page. 
TEST. Cres. «i Testament of Creseide n>y Henryson] , 

formerly attributed to Chaucer, printed 

in Stowe*s edition , 1 56 1 . [About x 430.] 

Quoted by stanza. 

TEST. LOVE -The Testament of Love r?by Hoc- 
deve, about X400], formerly ascribed 
to Chaucer, printed in Ch. Quoted 
from N. E. D. 



Todd 



Tor. 



sM Illustrations of the Lives and Writings of 
Gower and Chaucer, by H. J. Todd, 
London, 1810. Quoted by page. 

— Torrent of Portugal, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, London, 184a. [About 
1435O Quoted by line. 



Tor. (A.) -The same [' Torrent of Portvngale '] rc- 
edited by E. Adam, EE.T.S., No. li. 
1887. Quoted by line. 

TowNL. -The Towneley Mysteries, Surtees Soc, 
No. 3, 1836. [Yorlcshire about 1450] 
Quoted by page. 

TRANS. - Archaeologia : Society of Antiquaries 
of London. Quoted by volume and 

P*g«- 
TREAT. - Popular Treatises on Science, edited by 
T. Wright [conUining •• pt rijt put of 
helle" from Harl. MS. 2377, about 
1300; another copy of this text occurs 
in SAINTS (L.) xlvi.], Historical Soc. of 
Science, Lcmdon, 1841. Quoted by 

P*g«- 
TREAT. P.-Treatyse of Fysshinge with an Angle, 
attributed to dame Juliana Hemes, edited 
by T. Satdiell, London, 1883. [15th 
cent.] Quoted by page. 

Trev. -PolychronicoQ Ranuluhi Higden, to- 
gether with the English translation of 
John Trevisa, editeS by C Babingtoii 
and R. Lumby, London, Rolls Series. 
1865-86. [? Warwickshire, about 1390.] 
Quoted by volume and page. 

Trev. Barth. See Barth. 

Triam. -The Romance of Sir Triamoure, edited 
by J. O. HaUiwell, Percy Soc., vol. 
xvi. 1846. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
line. 

Trist. - Die Nordische und die Englische Version 
der Tristan-Saga, herausgegeben von 
E. Kolblng, Heilbronn, 1883-3. Also 
edited by G. P. M«Neill, Scottish 
Text Soc., 1885-6. [About 1320.] 
Quoted by line. 

Tu ND. - Visions of Tundale, edited by W. D. Turn- 
bull, Edinburgh, 1843. [? Beginning 
of 15th century.] Quoted by line. 

V. &v. -Vices and Virtues, a Middle English 
Dialogue, edited \^ F. Holthausen, 
E.E.T.S., No. 89, 1M8. [About 1300.J 
Quoted by page. 

VAN DER SCH.— Teuthonista, of duytschlender, van 
Gherard van der Schueren, uitgegeven 
door C. Boonzajer, Leyden, 1804. 

voc. —A volume of vocabularies, edited by 
Thos. Wright, 1857. Quoted by 

P*gc- 
voc.(W.W.)-The same, edited by R. P. 
Wulcker, London, 1884. Quoted by 
column. 

w. & I . — Wills and Inventories from the Register of 
the Commissary of Bury St. Edmunds, 
etc., edited by S. Tymms, Camden 
Soc., No. xlix. 1850. Quoted by 

P*gc- 
Wart. - The History of English Poetry, by Thos. 
Warton, London, 1840. Quoted- by 
volume and page. 

WiCL. -The Holy Bible in the eariiest English 
versions made from the Latin Vulgate 
by John Wycliffe and his followers. 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XXI 



edited by Fbivhall and Madden, Oxford, 
1850. [About 1380.1 Quoted by title 
of book, chapter, and verse. 

WicL. E. w. =Thc English Works of John Wyclif, 
hitherto unprinted, edited by F. D. 
Matthew, E.E.T.S.. No. 74, 1880. . 
[About 1380.] Quoted by page. 

WiCL. s. w. =.Select English Works of John Wyclif. • 
edited by T. Arnold, Oxford, 1869-71. 
[About 1380.] Quoted by volume and i 

W11.1.. a The Romance of William of Paleme, 
edited by W. W. Skeat. E.E.T.S., No. 
t, 1867. [About 1350.] Quoted by 
line. 

WiNT. -De Orjgynale Cronykil of Scotland be 
Androw of W}'ntown, London, 1795. 



[About 1435.] 

r, and mu 



Quoted by book. 



chapter, 

Wr. dict.— Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial 
English, compiled by T. Wright, 
London, 1857. Quoted by page. 

York -The Plays Performed by the Crafts or 
Mysteries of York on the day of 
Corpus Christi in the 14-1 6th cent., 
edited by Miss L. T. Smith, Oxford, 
1885. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
piece and line. 

ZEiT. —Zeitschrift fur deutsches Alterthum, 
herausgcgeben von Mor. Haupt und 
£. Steinmeier. Quoted by volume and 

P"«*- 
Zup. UBUNGSB. « Alt- und mittelenglisches Ubunp- 

bnch von J. Zupitxa, Oppeln, 1868. 

Quoted by page. 



COMPARATIVE TABLE OF REFERENCES TO 
CHAUCER'S CANTERBURY TALES. 



8s9 
3109 
Ji87 
3SSS 



3079 
(31BI 

3S6i 
(3(i£3 

39ir 



G«neial Prolc^ne 



rhopat' Piol. 



Miller't Prolotfae 

„ Tal. 

ReeVe'i Prolonw 

„ Tile 

Cook'* Prolc^ae 

.. TJe 

Mui of L>w'* Head link cr Prolog. 
,1 „ „ Prologue and Tale 
>, n „ Link er SMpman'i Pro- 
lo|[ue [in- Squire's Prologue] 

Stiipman's Tale 

„ End Link or Prioreu' Prol. 
Prioress' [I'tolopip and] Tale 
„ End Link or Sir Thi ' 
Sir Thopai .... 
„ End Link or Prol. loMelibeni. 

Tnle of Mclibeus 

Melibeas' End Link 

MoDk'iTale(i) 

„ (i)*^' Modem 'cam^ 

Monk'i End Link 

Nun'iPriot'iTale 

„ End Link .... 

Doctoi's Prologne 

„ Tale 

„ Link cr Pardoner Frol 
Pardmer'* Pieamble or Pn>L «r Tak. 

Tale 

Wlfe'i Preamble w Prologue . . 

„ Tnle 

Wife-Friar Link 

Friat'lTale 

Friar-Sninmoncr Link 

Cleik'i Head LJnk or Prologue . . 
„ Tale . . 

Chaucer's Linvoy 

Clerk-Merchant Link OT-MchlVProl. 

Metchont'i Tale 

,, End Link or Sqiure'i Prol. 

Squire'* Head Unk 

„ Tale 

Squire-Franklin Link 0rFrkl.'» Prol. 
franklin's Proem and Tale , . . 

Second Nun'i Tale 

Link er Prol. Canon'a Veoman'i . 

Canon's Yeoman'i Pieam. w-Talef 

Tale*. . . . 

Manciple'* Head Link AT Prolomie . 

Tale 

Blank-Panon Link 

Panou'i Tale 



3187 
3853 
3919 
4313 
43<'3 



M338* 
'4773 
.48*7 
>54S3 
11919 
"935 

11397 
S583 
6440 
6847 
6B83 
7»47 
7191 
7877 
7933 
9053 
9089 
9111 
10J93 
10315 
I03»3 
•«>98S 

iS 

161S8 
.6440 
16950 
17054 



Wright. 


M0RBI9. 


Uhm. 






ii. 1 


861 


»7 


3111 








3853 


110 


3919 


III 






4363 


136 


4411 


170 


45»9 


173 


"4384 


iii. 106 






:« 




15101 










138 


pp. 150-166 

'5375 


\% 


;;s! 


113 


;s;? 




117 


16307 


[noDet! 


[nonet] 






13416 


- i 


i37o» 


SS83 


9» 




131 


% 


Vi 


7H7 


•s» 




•fs 


7877 


7933 




S3J 


315 


9111 


318 


10193 


354 


1031S 


3S4 






10985 




noij 




11919 


51 






16933 






'X 


17*95 


pp- 185-»" 


■«! 



3«S 



Tvrwhitt's order following the Ellc*mere MS., etc. J A; Bki.i-. D; E; F; C; j9 13-14; G; H- I. 
Wright's, Morbis", sod Bell's order: ^; ^ { 1, 1; D : E; F; G; C; B% 3-14; JI ; I. 
In Wjight'i 3 »ol, edilion B i 10 ii ia toI. ii 313-386, and /{ 1 in vol. iiL 81-189. 



1 ilion, Divjdon* a and 3, ate transpoted i/ellatoing Ikt Ellttnun and etktr MSS.). 
a footnote. | Theie i* great d(**gTeeiiient in ibe MSS, and printed edhiooi here. 



XXlIt 



LIST OF GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS 

AND SIGNS. 



A, /r.« Anglo-French, 
orr. aaccnsative. 
A^r. — adjectiTe. 
adv., aA^. a adverb, 
card. num. iB cardinal numeral. 
cf.'^cmferatur^ compare. 
contp. » comparative. 
comp, s compounds, 
conj., canj, » conjunction. 
Dan. a Danish. 
Z?«.B Dutch. 
^. a dative. 
tUm. iB demonstrative. 
tUriv. » derivatives. 
y^xn.iB feminine, 
/r. — French. 
yW.«i future. 
^in».«B genitive. 
(Trr.B German. 
Goth.^Goibxc 
(Jr. -Greek. 
ffeb. ■■ Hebrew. 
imper, i- imperative. 
impers, i- impersonal. 
indie, « indicative, 
inteij. B interjection. 
interrog, i- interrogative. 
Zo/.B Latin. 
^.Z>ii.- Middle Dutch. 
M. H. a -Middle High German. 
M. L. (7. —Middle Low German. 
f»., masc, ts masculine. 



///jr.— manuscript, mss, manuscripts. 
t/ud. Lai. — Medieval Latin. 
mod, Eng.^moditm English. 

n., fUU/.'^QtUtCT. 

nom. s nominative. 

num.— numeral. 

O, E.»Oli English (Anglo-Saxon). 

a /r.- Old French. 

a/Vi/.-OldFrisic. 

O, H, (/.-Old High German. 

O. L. G. -Old Low German (Old Saxon}. 

O.A^.- Old Norse. 

ord. num.— ordinal numeral. 

^rr.— person. 

//.—plural. 

pple., pple. — participle. 

pr. n.— proper noun. 

prep. , prep, — preposition. 

prts, —present 

pret. — preterite. 

pron., pron. — pronoun. 

prcv. — provincial. 

r.— read. 

r. n/.— riming with. 

fv/.— relative. 

sb., j^. —substantive. 

/(f.- scilicet. 

subj. — subjunctive. 

superl. — superlative. 

5'w.- Swedish. 

v.— verb. 



The asterisk (*) alter a reference indicates that the passage cited is contained not in the text but in a 
note. In die case of parallel texts it indicates a quotation from the second of the two versions. 

For the meaning of the marks over the vowels see Preface, pp. viii, ix. 



abassen. 



a-blten. 



abaahinge, sb., abashing, conjusian^ Ch. 
BOET. iv. I (109) ; abasing Barb. xvii. 573. 

abatailen, v., 0,Fr, enbatailler; embattle \ 
abatailed (pple) Fer. 4310. 

abatailmenty sb., battlement, Gaw. 790. 

ab&te, sb., discomfiture, surprise, QUAIR 40. 

abatement, sb., 0,Fr. abatement ^r enbate- 
ment ; wrongjul seizure of property, Man. 
(H.) 278. 

abatement^ sb., OJ^'r, abatement; abatement, 
diminution, PR. P. 5. 

abdten, v., 0,Fr, abatre; abate; cast doTun; 
humble; soften; abolish; abatin * subtraho* 
PR. P. 5 ; abatie ayenb. 28 ; abati Rob. 
54 ; abate Will. 1141 ; abdte)> (pres,) Trev. 
II. 185 ; abates PR. c 1672 ; abated (pret.) 
P. S. 216 ; ab&ted (pple,) c L. 1334. 

abdye, v., O.Fr. esbaubir ; astonish; be aston- 
ished ; LiDG. M. P. 144 ; ab&ved {pple,) Man. 
fH.) 210; abawed Cu. D. Bl. 614; abawede 
(pL) H. S. 9536. 

abbeie, sb., 0,Fr, ?\}hw,from Lot, abbatia ; 
abbey, chr. £. Q14; abbei Brd. 12; abbei 
La). 29717* ; abbai Barb. xx. 599. 

abbeBse, see abbodease. 

abbody sb., 0,E, ^hhod, from Lot. abb&tem ; 
abbot, A. R. 314 ; abbed [abbod] La). 13131 ; 
abbot Brd. 12; abbede (dot,) La^. 131 17; 
abbatea {pi,) Sax. chr. 250. 

abbod-riohe, sb., OJE. abbodrlce ; office of 
abbot, MISC. 145. 

abbodease, abbeBse, sb., 0,E. abbodisse, 
OJ^'r, abbesse ; abbess : abbodesse Langl. C 
vii. 128 ; abbesse CHR. £. 550 ; abbes M. H. 
164 ; abbese RoB. 370. 

abbodie» sb., abbacy^ (ms, abboddie) Misc. 

145. 
a-be-ce» sb., alphabet, Rob. 266 ; ayenb. x. 

a-bejen, abfi^n, v., 0,E, abegan, abygan ; 
bena, bow (trans, cuid intrans,) : to non berre 
i*schal abuie Rob. 102 ; ab&ide (pret,) ROB. 
X06 ; ni )«i abei^edon hem no thing to yt 
kingus best £d. 3458. 

abeie, see abuggen. abel^ see able. 

a-b^lden, \,,grow bold; abelde Aus. 2443. 

a-bel^n, v., 0,E, abelgan, » OJi,G. arbel- 
gan ; make angry, grow angry ; abalh (pret,) 
La^. 26359*; abeih hom. I. hi ; abo^en, 
abolwen (pple.) La^. 1565, 6396 ; ])at hi ne be 
aboike (tfor abol^e) Shor. 22. 

abeliohe, see able-liohe. 

a-beoden, v., 0,E, abeodan,»0.//l(r. ar-, 
irbiotan ; offer, announce ; abeode, abede, 
abude Fer. 1540, 1833, 3853 ; abdd (pret,) 
Fer. 1829 ; and bis aemde abed LA3. 4423; 
^ai ab6de (plur,) Fer. 1985. 

a'-bere, sb., cf O.H,G, antpara, M,H,C, 
ambaere ; gesture, Shor. 60. 



a-bdren* v., 0,E, aberan ; bear, carry, endure^ 
^portare,^ Lk. xi. 46 ; abeoren hom. I. 35 ; 
abeore bli^iche ])« derf H. M. 17 ; ab6reo 
(pres,) A. R. ic8; aber (pret,) Kath. iS55; 
ure drihten aber ure sunnan HOM. I. 121 ; 
aber up bore up 225. 

abernen, see abrennexi. 

abesohe, v., 0,Fr, abechier (feed with the 
beak) ; feed; abashed (ppie,) Gow. III. 25. 

abeese, v., OJ*'r, abessier » abaissier ; abase^ 
Gow. I. III. 

abet, sb., O.Fr, abet ; fraud, cunning; insti- 
gation ; Ch. Tro. (T.) ii. 357 ; mid gile and 
his abette Shor. 58. 

abette, v., 0,Fr, abeter ; instigate, incite, Fer. 
5816. 
abetting, sb., abetting [v,r, abet] Ch. Tro. 

ii. 357. 

abettement, sb., AJ*'r, abettement ; abetment^ 
(spelt anbettyment) Fer. 2364. 

a-bidden, v., 0,E, abiddan,=0.Z.C7. arpit- 
tan ; (refl,) offer on^s prayer : |)e hwile ich go 
to abidde {ffor ^ebidde) me Misc. 41. 

a-biden, v., 0,E, abldan, » 0,H,G, irbltan, 
Goth, usbeidan ; abide, remain, await, A. R. 
208 ; Orm. 1 801 ; ne durste him nan abiden 
[abide] La^ 15^3; abide Langl. ^viii. 
64; -4 ii. 210; Cxxi. 479; Hav. 1797; )>u 
ne darst domes abide O. & N. 1695; if 
he most abide ]>e dai Bek. 736; abide)) 
(pres^ H. M. 17; abit A. R. 338; Marh. 
21; REL. I. lis; ^- ^' 49^9; <^bid (iM- 
per^ La). 21623; Orm. 14020; no abide 
ne naevere )>aere da^^n La). 21555; abftd 
(fret^ Kath. 719; Orm. 217; Iw. 1180; 
abad [abod] La). 5681 ; sevene night he ^r 
abiden (iret. pi,); abide ayenb. 13; 
abiding (pple, j^res,) Langl. Bxvl. 289; 
C xix. 136; xxiu. 143; MiAoEL (pple,) CH. 
C. T. J? 1888; Townl. 315; abide c. l. 
X339; so longe ich (h)abbe abide ^ after 
L. H. r. 2a 

abiding, sb., 0,E, abldung ; abiding, wait- 
ings delay, expectation', no^ht schende )k)u 
me fra abiding mine PS. cxviii. 116; abidinge 
ayenb. 173; abiding A. P. iii. 419; abidinge 
WiCL. GEN. xlix. 10. 

abilite, sb., 0,Fr, habilit^ ; ability, CATH. 2 ; 
Ch. astr. prol. ; ablete WiCL. E. w. 331. 

abiUf see able. 

abime, sb., 0,Fr, abisme, ablme ; abyss, c M. 
22678. 

abit, j^^ habit. 

a-biten, v., 0,E, abltan,=« 0,H,G, irpTzan ; 
bite; bite in pieces, to death ; La^. 26995 ; j^u 
starest so ^u wille abiten al )>at pu miht mid 
clivre smiten o. & N. 77 ; abite Alis. 561 i ; 
abite)> (pres.) Langl. Cxix. 32; mete ne 
drinke he nabit (for ne abit) Fl. & Bu (L.) 
40 ; abite (pres, pL) Langl. B xvi. 26 ; 
abiten (fret, pple.) REL. II. 276. 



ablaqveaoidn. a'-bufen. 3 

ttblaqveaoidiiy sb., LxU. ablaqveitid ; aboondt adj., O.Fr. abonde, Lot. abundus, cf, 
Magueafy'on, laying bare of rootSi Pall. abtLndin;£W^/729fe;i>f^, GENER.3ii;habound 
ii. I. TUND. 9a. 

ablaqveateyV.^Z^s/. ablaqveire; /<i^^<ir^/^ about, abouten, aboatestonding, see 

roots of a tree\ ablaqviata i^imper^ Pall. abtXten. 

iv. 91. aboutien, v., / OJFr. abouter, / mod.Eng. 

a'-bl&sten, v., O.E. onbliestan ; blow upon ; abut; lean forward^ stick out\ aboutie {imper, 

venim and fire togider he cast, that he 3 pers,) A. R. 62. 

Jason so sore abl&ste (Pret,) Gow. II. above, aboon, see abofexir 

25 J • a-brcBden, v., = M.N.G. erbreiten; dilate, 

a-bl&wen, v., O^. ablawan ; blow up : bos he open wide : Jie ule hire e^en abr&d (fpret^ 

gan hire herte ablowe Shor. 160 ; ablAow, J^r abradde) o. & n. 1044. 

abl§u (^^/.) HOM. I. 99 j M was abl6we abroge. v., 0,Fr. abregier; abridge, PR. c 

(Mle.) >or3 fe fenim of >e fendc Shor. 4571 . abregge Ch. C. t. A 2999 ; abregge 

'^' (imper.) MiRC 1629 ; abreggld (pple.) WiCL. 

able* adj., OJ^r. hable ; able, suitable, iM, £. w. i. 

'kabilis, idoneus,' PR. P. 5 ; Ch. C. t. A 167 ; a-breiden, v., 0,E. abregdan ; draw out, 

abiU Bkr. 3237 ; see hable. spring up, awake; blame, upbraid ; A. R. 214 ; 

able-liohe, adv., ^^ ; abeliche MAS. 243. abreide * exprobrare* rel. I. 7 ; abreid 

ablenen, «b., ability, test, love (n. E. d.) ; (pret.) a. r. 238 ; abred Mat. xxvi. 51 ; his 

ablinesse Barth. (n. E. d.). sweord he ut abraeid LA3. 26553 ; abraid 

Mlen,y.,/rome.\y\B',enable,guali/y,empower, ^Eijf. & EX. 231 ; Ulix^ out of slepe abraid 

dispose : abUth Ures.) reL U.Lli abUed ^^^- /"' 54 ; abroiden, abroden (ppie.) 

i^le.) HAMP. TR. 20 ; abeUed E. 0.^3*^ ^^^'J^^ ^^9 ; J>e abroidene bureh hom. II. 

arblenden, v., a£. ablendan, = a^.a a-b^^en, v., O.E. abrecan ; break in pieces; 
irblendan; blind, deprive of sight, Laj. 14657 ; x^^ fZli, ' ^ . ^c ^ ' : owhar abrekc 

^•utl^jt /.AJi/^\ w«n» .... »ui-.«* «> e -^-T Of pon benaen Laj. 721 : nu naie^ nc mine 
ablend (ppie.) Marh. 15 ; ablent P. S. 380. banluc abrokene 25928. 

arbliken, >^-» ^-^-^bfican,- J/.^.^^^ a-brennen, v., - M.H.G. erbrennen; bum 

Chen ; grow pale; ablikej) (Pres.) St. cod. 53. yp . aberx^tJ (pres.) hom. I. 239. 

arblinden, v., O.E. ablindan, »= OJi.G. a-brdoSen v OE abreo^an* degenercUe 

erblind|Mi ,pmv blind; Miixi^BlS (pres.) a. R. ^ . Kat'teon¥e'werod abrdaS' (pfet.) hom! 

92; abhnda« hom. I. 109; ha abhnda>S , ^^^.J^^ ^ ^^^ swi«(c) abiea« and adUe- 

MARH. 15. jgjjg 235. 

abloi, inteij., fOJ^r. ablo (' courage, allons') ; abrdohe, adv., see br6ohe. 

GAW.II73- abp6che, v., a/r. abrochier ; ^a^A (tf rtfj>&), 

abluoiotin, sb., Lat. ablutiS ; ablution, Ch. C. q^ q^ ^^ -D 177 ; a. p. i. 1122. 

Tl ijs ^ B^ rr /- VI- j^' r- abeence, sb., OJ^r. absence ; absence, pr. p. 5 ; 

a-blfi3en,v^,-il^/f^. erbhugen;y^J^^^ Ch. C. t. C 1214. 

tef Ho'S Yl^ ^ '"^^ absent, adj., O.Er. absent ; absent, PR. p. 5 ; 

{ppie.) HOM. I. ^g. Ch C T if 203 

^J^^^'^'f'^'''''^^' «/^^A; abobbed abB^, see asaciuen. 

(ppie.) Ar. & Mer. 1969. "!™rr» - u /Tr^ u w z / --• 

A^KM \» ttY^s^ abaoluciim,sb., ^./>. absolution ; «^jtf/«/r<7if, 

r^ ;f^ HOM. II. 99; A. R. 146; absolucioun Gaw. 

ttbofy ab03e, ^^^ abuftn. igg2. 

a-bc^en, v., bow; abouwie leb. Jes. 849; abaolut, adj., Lat. absolutus; absolute, un- 
abo^ede (pret.) Fer. 207a limited, Ch. Boet. v. 6 (175). 

abominable, adj., d7./^r. abominable ; a^^m/Vf- abstfoe, v., O.Fr. abstenir ; abstain, Fer. 

able, AVENB. 49; Ch. C. t. />2oo6. 3761 ; absteine Wicl. num. vi. 3. 

abominaoioun, sb., OJ^r. abomination ; abstinence, sb., 0,Fr. abstinence ; abstinence, 

abomination, Ch. C. T. Z>2I79. ayenb. 236 ; Ch. C. t. 7682. 

abortii; adj. & sb., Lat. abortlvus ; abortive, abstinent, adj., Fr. abstinent ; abstinent, 

Wicl. Job iii. 16 ; abortiif PL. CR. 485 ; ab- Ch. C. t. 7798. 

ortives (//.) c. M. 22849. ibstraot, pple., Lat. abstractus ; derived, 

a-bosten, v., address boastfully; abostede. Trev. I. 21. 

-cd (pret.) Langl. A vii. 142 ; ^vi. 156. i'-bufen, adv. & prep., O.E. abufan (for on- 

B % 



4 a*-lnif^n, 

bufon); oJtn/f ;(»u.abufienn)ORtf.588;abiiven 

A.K.304; HOH. II. 81 ; CEH. & EX. 10; )ial 

is us alle above misc. 38; aboven Hav. 
1700; Mand. 10; Cu. C. T. £1344'; above 
LA). 10303* ; AYENB. 35 ; upe |ie doune 
above Ba|>e Rob. 174; ase icb sede above 
Shor. 14a; oboven PR. C 849; abowen 
(?K«bouen) H. H. 105 ; abojeFER. 3973,4319. 

a-bu}en, v., O.E. abuean ; bow, btnd, ntbmit 
{intrans. and reflex^ : al him seal abu^ 
[abouwe] Laj. 18854; (at icb to eni mon 
schule abouwe L. H. R. 53 ; abowe ALIS. iS8 ; 
Em. 9S1 ; abowe to )« kinges wille Bek. 86; ; 
abB^t> ipres.) O. & N. 78a ; abfiaH (prtt.) 
HOU. I. Z37 ; abeh 'incliMovii' II. ill ; into 
castle he atbeh (viinf) Laj. 5310. 

ab&jen, see ab^n. 

a-btiscen, v., O^. abycgan ; buy, pay for, 
alone/or, hom. I. 41 ; A. R. 188 ; Spec i 12 ; 
^u me smite bi ^on nigge ah sarc ^u hit salt 
abuggen Laj. 8158; abugge Horn (R.j 
1081 ; c. L. 394 ; abugge, abeie Horn 
(L.) 110, 1075; abiggen OrM. 6907; 
abigge Alis. 901 1 Mirc 3010 ; abugge. 
abigge Langi. A iii. 336 ; abegge avenb. 73 ; 
Aboubte [pm.) MISC. 64 ; aboughce Ck. 
C. T. ^3303; abpu^te Lakgl. Six. 143; 
ftboujte (prei. plur.) Lamgl. B^. 28] ; 
ftboht (pple.) H. H. 59 ; ])at we habbefi dcorc 
abojt Bek. 1313 ; about am. lit. 91 ; abou}t 
LangL. Cxxi. 433 ; aboujte {pi.) ^xviii.386. 

abundance, %yi.,OFr. a-banAaaix; aiundtince, 
AYENB. 361. 

abnndannt. adj., OJ^r. abundant ; abundant. 
U. Troy 1695 ; abundand 5305 ; habundant 
Mand. 179. 

abUndin, v., O.Fr. abonder; abound, PR. F. ; ; 
abounde rel. I. 365. 

abuflohid, abosaede, see enbiuoha. 

abusen, v., fr. abuser; abuse, misuse, misre- 
present, LlDG. BOCH. (in N. E. D.) ; abOaed 
ipple.) cuii-»i. IS (in N. E. D.). 

abuBioun, sb.,O.Fr. abusion; aM/sf,Vt icl. p?. 
xxxi. 18 ; abusion Ca. Tro. iv. 991, 

a'-bfiten, on-buten, adv. & prep., O.E. .1 . 
on-butan, = O.Fris. abuta ; about, around. 
Mk. iii. 34 ; LK. xvii. 13 ; abuten a. r. 234 ; 
be deofel ^e ge% abutan al swa t« gredie 
leo HOM. 1. 137; his riht erm schal oiduppen 
mc abuten 313; abuten [aboule] Eoveruic 
Laj, 16734; abuten midnihte 7983; abuieii 
bise Icndes Orm. 3311 ; whan se ^t pivsii 

floe . 

550; 

Hisc 176; he foren abuten bi Adad 
GEN. & EX. 3483 ; o and o abulen [for bmcn I 
endc HOM, 11. 7 ; abule midniht Kath. 1749 : 
hwanne ofire slcpefi hire abate O. & N. I J93 ; 
abouten C. L. 703 ; abouten nine Hav. loio ; 
aboute AYENB. 30; Langl. C\. 193 ; A viii. 
jo; Ch. C. t. a 3189; Iw. 30SS ; aboute ali 



AOQcnnpt. 

be ur^ heo go^ treat. 137 ; (hi) bet^ aboute 

hire to schende Bek. 763 ; obout fr. c. 1905- 
aboutA-atondlngaa, sb., pi., tircumstaiun, 

AYENB. 174, 175. 
a.yMVt»--w»x6a,aAv.,0H At way, trying (lo), 

Triau. 65 ; Eci. 658. 
abaven, tee abufni. 
ao, conj., O.E. ac, ah, oc,=OJ..G. ac, Gotk. 

ak, O.H.G. oh; but, ROB. 3; ayenb. 6; 

Horn (H.) 860; Aus. 336; s. s. (Web.) 1313; 

Fer. 3761 ; Trist. 330; Lanol. A\. 119; 

Oru. 63 ; ac \».\ bi^ sor idol frag. 5 ; ac 

a^n rijte hi beob Bek. 1634; nis nai^t malice 

ac hit is la^e Shor. i 53 ; ac, ak C. L. 444 ; 

Will. 106, no; ak p. S. 311 ; ac, ach, ah 

HOU. I, 133, 145; ac, ah o. & N. 177, 1176; 

Laj. 353, 13133; (misprinted at) 6901; ah 

Kath. 5 ; spec 46 ; Horn (R.) 841 ; chr. E. 

ti7S ; aidi, auch a. r. 46 ; au) hom. 11. 358 ; 

oc Sax. chr. 353; gen. & ex. 313; oc he 

fief fro him REL. I. 313 ; ok HiCKES I. 331 ; 

F. L. s. iii. 7, 
a-o<Uden, v., O.E. acea1dian,^(?.//.(7. enad- 

ten ; growicold, makecold; acoaldaS (pres.) 

A. R. 404; aoo61ded (pple.) gest. R. 83; 

acold p. 33 ; s. S. (Wr.) 3518. 
B-o&lfl, pple., Jrom O.E. acalan ; stiff with 

cold: he was so sore acale Gow. III. 296 ; 

aeale[aka]e] Langl, ,5 1 viii. 392; Cxxi. 439; 
-akales. s. (Web.) 1513. 
a-oangen, v., f become fimlisk; atmiigM tu 

Kath. 31 13 ; aoangat (ppie.) 3045. 
a-oaaten, v., cast down ; akeasten Marh. 14 ; 

akast«(/rf/.)MARH. 3; deaf ne acaste nawt 

Crist ah Crist overcom dcaK Kath. 1137; 

aout (pple.) F. S. 149 ; TREV. IV, 95 ; nnu is 

mi counlort acast pl. cr. 99 ; akast h. m. 5 ; 

akest A. R. 316. 
BOoept, pple., Lat. acceptus ; auepted: in :ime 

accept WICL. 3 COR. VI. 3. 

aooeptable,adj.,O.Fr. acceptable; (urr^/af/^, 
Gow. III. 350; Ch. C.t. Zfiyis. 
aooepton, v., O.Fr. accepter ; aicepl ; aooepte 

(pres. sub/.) CT. LOVE 28. 

aooea, sb., O./^r. acces ; access, atlaci of/ever, 
HalliW. 13 ; axsesse, acce^se CH. TRa 
ii. 1578. 

aooldenoe, sh.,O.Fr. accidence ; ci.ince, Gow. 
II. 153. 

aooidentfSb., Z<t/. accidens; oaurrente, attri- 
bute, CH. Tro. iii. 918; Ch. C. t. £607; 
WiCL E. w. 466. 

aooidie, sb., tned-Lat. accidia, from Gr. 
iuo)Sui ; indolence, negligence, A. R. 308 { 
sleau^ )>et me depef me clergie accidie 
AYENB. 16. 

aooidn, sb., O.Fr. action ; action, Langl. Cti. 
94 ; accioun Man. (H.) 196. 

aoocanpt, sb., O.Fr. accompt, cf. acount ; 
account, Gow. 11. 11, 286; acuiiipte E. G. 8. 



accompiable. 

MSOompteble, adj., aeccmUaUe, E. O. 379. 
■OOCHnpten, v^ accourU, recioti, tsUtm \ ac- 

compteth Gow. Ill, 998, 
uxnutonutnnoe, sb., O.Fr. accoustumance ; 

cuilom : againe our old accustomannce 

DKEAH 3j6. 

•o6m«n, v^ OSr. acesmer ; adorn, a. r. 360. 

•oh&pe, see Mo&pon. 

y*'a*'. $b., O^r. achat, acat ; purchase, thing 

bgughi, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 
ftoUta, sb., OJ^r. acate ; Jrom Cr. ilx^i ; 

agate, A. R. 134. 
ftObatonr, sb., OJ^r. achateur, acateur ; bujier; 

catour Gau. 331 ; ■ohfttonn, acatouria [<)/.} 

Ch. C. t. a 568. 
MlUMiflni, see e«ch»Tifta. 
iohat sb., C£. aece, ece, Jrom 4kaii; iriritf, 

Misc 65; Trev. IV. 119; VVicL. Mat. iv. 

33; LUD. Cov. 313; ache, ate 'dolor' 

PR. P. 8 ; eche p. l. s. viii. 100 ; a. r. 

3S3; HOM. II. 165; H. H.35; hacheWiLL. 

905 ; comp. btaved-tebe. 
iolie', sb, O.Fr. ache, ef. mod.Eng. (smaJI-) 

»^; parsley, yoc 139; PR.P.6; SPEC. 36. 
a-ohSokeiit v., choie, suffocate: achoken 

Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (47); ftohSkad (Mle.) 

HOH. II. i8t ; Ch. l. C. w. 3008 ; achoked 

Haluw. 15. 
k-ohfioaen, v., - Off.G. irchiesen, O.L.G. 

akiosan ; ekoose ; »otea (pret.) HOM. t. 339. 
SCbfisouD, sb., 0./'r.achei3on{^ocheiM)n); 

occasion, motive, Ar. & Mer. 132; tee 

•nohelfAn. 
ftOli£Teii,v., O.Fr. achevei ; acAieve J Mug to 

an end; come to an end\ Gaw. 1838 ; 

aeh^ved {pple.) r. r. 2049. 
Mrolao'vou,v.,=M.H.G. erklieben ; be cleft; 

^in herte aol6f {pret.) P. R. L. P. 353. 
ftOloien, v., OSr. encloer, cf. nioiLEitg. cloy ; 

lame [a horse) -with a nail j lame, hinder, 

obstruct; jUl to excess; adoi^n, adoiin'df- 

clasidito, acdavo ' PR. P. 6 ; aololeth (Pres.) 

Ch. p. p. 514; aololad {pple.) p. s. 335; acloied 

' atclaudicatus' PR. p. 6. 
ft-olomen, v., cf. Du, verkleumen ; become 

torpid; aolominid Kppie.) 'eviratus, ener- 

vaius* PR, P. 6. 
SolAMn, v„ O.Fr. aclfire /or enclore, see 

cl6Ma ; enclose ; Miaaed ipple.) SHOR. 14;. 
a-olmnsen, v., grow clumsy: oure hondis 

ben aolumald ( ^/«.) ' dissolulae sunt manut 

nostra*' WtCL. Jeb. vi. 34. 
■ooie, v., O.Fr. aqvoier ; quiet, appease ; acoie 

R. R. 3564 ; MOled {pret.) WILL. 56. 

[Aooint], aqvotiite, adj. & sb., O.Fr. acoint ; 

acquainted, acquaintance, ROB. 465 ; aqvente 

R. K. 5033; tteqTOliitis {pi.) Ch. C. t. (W.) 

7573 (^- '• acqveintances D 1991). 
[•0(rintuioe],S4iTelntuioe,ab., a^Fr-acoin- 

tance ; ae^u^/ntanct ] aqveintance Ch. C. t. 



aooontve. 5 

A 345 ; aqveiotaunce ALIS. 7358; aqvain- 

tODCe AYKNB. 143. 

ftooittten, v., O.Fr. acointer, frmn medX^, 
adcognitirc ; acquaint; aqveinlin 'notijico' 
PR. P. 13; aqTeime Ch. d. Bl. 533; »- 
oolntode (pret.) Rob. 15 ; skointod (iple.) 
- R. 3i6 ; aqreinted Guy 57. 



MMUen, v., OJn: acoler ; etnirace ; ftooAlM 

(pres.) Gaw. 1936 ; ao61an (pi.) 9473. 
ft-c6Ien, v., O.E. acSlian ; cool {intrans.) a. r. 

118; aofilada [pret.) Hoy. 1. 337; acOl^ 

(pple.) o. & M. 305. 
aoollt, sb., med.tat. acolytus ; acolyte, P. s. 

339; acolit Shor. 45; Onesimus, the acolit 

WicL. Col. prol. 
ftOombr«ii, v., = enootabran ; mcum6er\ 

acombre Lancl. B ii. 50 ; acutnbri MISC 33 ; 

aaam'\im{tubj.) Guv 138; Mombnd* (pret. 

pi.) DEP. R. ii. 3S ; ftoombrttd (pple.) Aus. 

8035. 



vexatio ' PR. ) 
soompliasen, v., O.Fr. acomplir ; accoutpiisk, 

Ch. Boet. iv. 13 (ii8j; MompUw (Pres. 

suij.) ill. 10 (93). 
aoord, sb., O.Fr. acord; accord, agreement, 

Bek. 718; Will. 3964; Man. (F.) 5376; 

^j we ne beon at one acorde 0. ft N. 181. 
AOordBble, adj., proportionate, harmonious, 

Ch. Boet. ii. 8 (62). 
loordanoe, sb., OJ^r, acordance ; agreement, 

LanCL. C iv. 339 ; acordaunce Cu. BOET. 

ii. S {63) ; accordaunce iv. 6 (143). 
Boordau^ aooordant, adj., agreeable, Ch. 

C. T. ..4 37 ; acordant Shor. S9. 
aoordin, v., O.Fr. accordcr ; accord, reconcile, 

agree, PR. P. 6 ; acordi Bek. 731 ; aVBNB. 

151; aoord«^ (pres.) Shor. 139; acordi)i 

WiCL. Lk. v. 36; ftoordede {pret.) Sax. 

CHR. 361 ; aoorded {ppie.) P. L. s. xxiv. 
ft-06rien, v., taste, feel the pain of, MISC 75 ; 

|)u schalt acorien ^ rode A. R. 60 ; ^ hit 

schalt aa)re sore P. h. s. xv. 130; ^u ne 

aujtestnou}ttnide)iacoreK.T.ii3; ftoirede 

[pret.) HOH. II. 45 ; ^t acorede al ^ii lond 

Rob. 7S. 

ftoom, see akem. aooot, see cost. 
■ooont:, sb., cf. OJ^r. conte (sb.), aconter (v.) ; 

account, E. C. 8 ; acounte Shor. 47 ; ^elde 

trewe acounte £. c. 357; ■coouDfeaa {pi.) 

Bek. 164. 
aoonnten, v., O.Fr. aconter; account: ac- 

countie P. h, S. xxiv. 86 ; aoouiitet) (pret.) 

AVENB. 137 ; aoounted (pple.) P. S. 337. 
ftoounting, sb., accounting, calculation, 

Ch. Boet. i. 3 (8). 
■oonutFe, J 



aooupen. 



ftdle. 



aooupen, v., 0*Fr. encoulper; incuipcUe^ 
accuse ; aooupede (pret^ Rob. 544 ; acouped 
LAMGL.^xiii.459 ;acopec[e Bek. 773 ; acouped 
(fpie-) PR. C 3947. 

aooupen % v., cf. O.Fr, acoper ; strike, deliver 
blows \ aooupede {preLpl) Fer. 1594. 

aoouping, sb., collision. Will. 3438. 

a-ooreren, v., CE. acofrian,«=(?.//'.6^. irko- 
boron ; recover, H. M. 33 ; akoveren A. R. 364, 
412; aooverd (preL) Ar. & Mer. 315; 
aoovered (pple,) H. M. 11. 

aooveringe, sb., recovery, H. M. 27 ; acovring 
c L. 572 ; acoverunge HOM. I. 251. 
aordohOy v., 0,Fr, acrochier ; encroach, A. P. i. 
106S ; accroche Gow. I. 314. 

aotdf, adj., Fr. actif ; active, Ch. Boet. i. i (6). 

aotuel, adj., Fr. actuel; actual', (printed 
accuel) Shor. 107, 108. 

aoumbriy v., see aoombren. 

a-oumen, v., 0,E» acuman ; attain, come to : 
ase ^ef hi hi^t mi;t wel acome to letten other 
wile Shor. 73; ao5m (pret,) Rob. 126. 

a-oumlen, v., become cramped f aouxnblld 
ipple.) WiCL. JER. vi. 24 ; acomeled 
^estomye^ VOC 161; acomeJid ^eviratus, 
enervatus* PR. P. 6. 

aountrent see enoontren. 

aoupement, sb., 0,Fr, acoupement ; accusa- 
tion, Fl. & Bl. (H.) 1 108. 

a-ouraieny v., curse; acursi o. & N. 1704; 
aourse)> (pres,) Langl. ^xviii. 107; aour- 
•ede (pret.) HOM. I. 31 ; acorside ayenb. 57 ; 
aouned (pple,) Brd. 24 ; Will. 901 ; acorsed 
Shor. 161 ; ^e akurside gost a. r. 234. 

aoiisaoionn, sb., 0,Fr, acusation ; accusation ; 
accusaciouns Trev. V. 157; Ch. Boet. i. 4 

(15). 

aousen, v., 0,Fr. acuser; accuse; acusi 
Shor. 34 ; aoOaede (pret.) Bek. 369. 

aoitBOUTy sb., 0,Fr. accuseur ; accuser, Ch. 
Boet. i. 4 (16) ; Ch. l. g. w, 353. 
a-owdkien, v., quake ; aqvake Halliw. 76. 

a-oweooben, v., ^.£'.acweccan (set in motion) ; 

move, shake (intrans.) : )>e wode aqvei^te 

(pret.) so hi sunge Alis. 5257. 
a-owellen, v., O.E. aLcw€lltn,^O.I/.G. ar- 

qvellen ; kill, A. R. 334; Kath. 1826 ; aqvellen 

lacwelle] Laj. 8773; aqvellen s. a. l. 153; 

aqvelle Alis. 80 ; s. s. (Web.) 2758 ; aqvelde 
acwelde] (Pret.) Laj. 21 ; aqvelde Horn 
R.) 881 ; |m acwaldest Marh. 12 ; aqveald 
acweld] (pple.) La). 974 ; aqvold MISC. 41 ; 
jai mid beo]» men acwalde O. & N. 1370. 

a-owenohen, v., O.E. acwencan; quench, 
FRAG. 6 ; A. R. 224 *,« aqvenche treat. 136 ; 
rel. II. 274; aowenoheS (pres.) hom. 
I. 39 ; aqvenche)) Shor. 37 ; aqvenc^ 
AYENB. 207 ; aoweinte (pret.) A. R. 124 ; 
aqveinte Trev. IV. 115 ; ^ fur aqveinte sone 
Marg. 239 ; aqvenohed (pple.) HOM. I. 81 ; 



acwenct Jul. 68 ; aqveint S. s. (Web.) 1991 ; 

Gow. III. 10. 
a-ow^Cen, v., OJE. acwe¥an ; resound: hor- 

nes ]>er aqvfioen [acwe))en] (pret.) La^ 27444. 
a-owilden, v., O.E. acwician; quicken, 

(intrans.), become alive, A. R. 118; ax|vikien 

HOM. I. 81 ; aqvikie Langl. C xxi. 394 ; 

aowikeS (pres.) UOM. I. 189; aqviked 

(pple») AYENB. 203. 
ftdy sb., O.E. IA,^0.H.G. eit (ignis, rogus\ ; 
fire, junercU pile, Kath. 1365* (v. r. fur) ; 

od ' rogus ' FRAG. 4. 
ftdy see ted. 
a-d&^n, y.,^M.H.G. ertagen; awake up; 

adawe Alis. 2265* ; addwed (pple.) Ch. C. 

T. E 2400. 
adamant, sb., O.Fr. adamant; adamant, 

diamond, loaastone, ^adamasj PR. P. 6 ;' CH. 

C. T. A 199a 
adamantine, adj., L. adamantinus ; mcuU of 

adamant : writen • • in an adamantine nail 

WiCL. jER. xvii. I. 
adanten, v., O.Fr. adanter ; subdue ; adaunte 

L. H. R. 205 ; adauntede (pret.) Rob. 61. 
a-d^Laen, v., daze, doMxU, stupefy : as a witles 

man greteli adteed (ppU.) Todd 297. 
adden, v., Lot. addere ; add, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 

(83) ; Mdide (pret.) WiCU Lk. xuc. li. 

addioidn, sb., O.Fr. addition; addition, 

PR. P. 6. 
addre, sh.,^ MX.G., M.Du. adre, adere; see 

naddre ; adder, s. s. (Web.) 749 ; Alis.'' (Sk.) 

1009 ; Langl. B xviii. 333 ; eddre ayenb. 26 ; 

Shor. 161 ; Wicu gen. iii. 4 ; addren (pi.) 

Aus. 5262 ; eddren ayenb. 61. 
edder-wort, sb., snakeweed, leechd. III. 

333. 
a-ddaden, v.,{^ 0.i?.adydan,B 0./r.t?.irt5din ; 

deaden, put to death, die, decay ; no ^ing 

never nes ]>er inne \tX hit muhte adeaden 

A. R. 112; adtedie (pres. subj,) HOM. I. 

202 ; adtedet (pple.) Kath. 2048. 
a-dteyen, v., O.E. adeafian,=J/.^.^. er- 

tauben ; deafen ; ad^ed (pple.) Shor. 103. 

[adele, sb., O.E. SLdc\sL,^M.L.G.. adele, OSw. 
adel ; addle, filth.] 
adel-di, sb., addle-egg, O. & N. 133. 

adese, sb., 0£. adesa ; adze, Wicl. Is. xliv. 
13; adis N. P. 14. 

a-deu, see deus. adite, see endite. 

a-dihten, \.,^M.H.G. ertihten ; ordain, dis* 
pose ; and so ich mine song adihte [adi^te] 
(pres.) o. & N. 326; adihte)) P. s. 329; 
adiht (pple.) Kath. 1382 ; adi^t l. h. r. 151. 

a-dile^n, v., O.E. adilgian, adile^an ; abolish ; 

adllegade (pret.) Misc 14s ; adili^de hom. 

I. 235. 
ftdle, sb., O.E. 2Ldl /., B M.L.G. adel m. 

(ulcus) ; disease, Orm. 4803 ; adle Uangvoretn* 

Mat. iv. 23; Adle (//.) ^ aegrotationes^ w'\\\. 17. 



earn: adlen (mm. adtuenn) heotbes bliue 

Orh. 4185 ; dunk adile Townl. 3i8 (lUR. 

PL. 140) ; ftdled i^ie.) Orh. 6335. 
«dllnc, sb., taming, mtrit, Oru. 17705. 
fidl^ adj., O.E. idlig; dittattd, yRAC. 3. 
BdmiBiatTSOiouii, sb., O.Fr. administratioa ; 

admitUitration, SuoR. 57. 

"*"■***"! v., Lot. admittere ; admit, PR. F. 6. 
■dopoioon, sb., Lai. adoptiS; action, 

AVBHB. lot. 

•donmit Mmmen, v., O.Fr. adonier, aomer, 
ZoA adomlre ; adorn; adoma)* (prts.) Cu. 
Tro. iiL I ; aoamed {pfile.) L. H. R. 163. 

»MUti«n, v., doU, betem* tiUy; & for dol 



Gow. 



: dosie men & adotede A. R. 



•dnedan, su nndrAdra, 

aHjrnltai, v., O.E. adtAian ; erfit/. 
iprtt.) Hou. 1. 3J9. 

a-dri^en, v., draw out; adrawe Rob. 307 
Mdrfih iprtt.) La}. 7486 ; adrouj Jul.' 305 
hure swerdes )cm bai adiowc Haluw, 33 
■drija (pplt.) Fi. & Bl. 631 ; AYENB. 318. 

■drAfen, M» adrUsn. 

K-dreuohen, v., O^. adrencan, — OJf.G. 
ertrenchan ; givt to drink, drown, plnngt in 
waUr, A. R. 330; adrencho LA3. 1507*; 
Horn (R.) 109; Shor. 139; avenr 
50; r. S. 317; i schal me adrenche s. s. 
(Web.) 1470; adnnoto {prtt.) RoB. 489; 
adm^te Lai. 3568 ; )>at folc he al adivnte 
3569S i & adfeiiiteii ham nilven i Cer fee A. 
R. 330 ; adnint (Pftt.) hoh. I. 141 ; Rob. 
51; s.s.(Web.) i486; TRKV.V.99; adrenct 

HOU. 1, 33;. 

S-drtejen, t., 0£. adiCogan ; tu^; adriw 

Horn (L.) 1035 ; ^ his strok mijt adne 

Haluw. 33. 
ti-^i\ilKi,v.,dtbast,comtptf wannemanlete^ 

adrille yaX he god jelde schel Shor. 114; 

\aX he nadrille 90. 
ft-drinken, v., OM, adrincan, — OJi,G. er- 

trinchan; bt drovmtd; adiinke MISC 77; 

Horn (L.) 971 ; adnnu (prtt.) A. R. 

58 ; ^ iime be adronc Lm. 3305 ; aVeks 

adrunken 7853 ; ■dmnkan [adnrnke] {p^U.) 

La}. 3334 ; adronke Rob. 430. 
ft-driven, v, O.E. adrt&n, - O.H.G. artrtban ; 

drive aw4^; addrivati HOM. 1. 115 ; ftdiiran 

(ppie.) Jul. 78. 
S-drB^en, a-drO^en, v., O.E. adrygui, 

adniwiaD; dry up; adniwien A. R. 150; a- 

drooje Shor. 34 ; adrfiaC, adriiw^ (>«*,) 

A. R. 150 ; adrojede (prei.) hom. 1. 133. 
a-dumMew, v., O.E. adumbian ; btcente 

dumi; adnmbad (ppit.) frag. 8. 
iWiWi tet undtr dOiia. 



a-dflnan, v., dim ya adfineat ^ monnet 

earen o. & N. 337 ; odenld (/^«.) Aud. 78. 
•-dtutan [P adllsten], v., cast dtmin ; adnata 

(prtt.) H. M. 41. 
%AYVaX,l^.,Lat.aAiKKba\ advent, HOll. II, 3; 

BSC 1847. 
adTSmrle, sb., 0.^r.adveraarie ; advtrsarjr, 

AYKNB. 338 ; Ch. C. T. B 3868. 
advene, adj., O.Fr. adven ; advent, Gow. 1 1. 

116. 
adTMnU, sb., O.Fr. adversity ; advenify, 

A.R.194. 
■dvertenoe, ab., 0./*. advertence; atttntion, 

Ch. Tro. v, 1357. 
a-dwdleo, v., - O.H.G. artwelan (lorptri) \ 

fgrmo ttupid'. nro heore wit hi deme|>aaw^ 

(A«^.)0.&N. 1777- 
a-dwdeohen, v., OJE. adwiescaii ; qutnth, tx- 

tinguith, Katk. 949 ; adwteolida & a dun 

weoip yt wiVerwioe of helle 1 196 ; fir ne beoS 

adwBaoad (ppit.) ['ignit non titii^vitur') 

MX. ix 46. 
n,fMft,ia,Mi/»ew. 

[»-, pre&t, O.E. *-, - OJ'rU., OJf., O.H.G. 4.] 
»-bere, adj., O.E. ibere, - OJ^ris.. Aber, 

laber; mam/ejt,tvidtnt\ xbKreORU. 7189; 

ebare Laj. 3371 ; eber C u. 813. 

Dd, nd^ jtt tad, tadJL 
B&n, sb., O.E. 9Sen,—0.L.G. fivond, OJI.G. 

ftband; nitmng: aven, eaven, even La^. 11 16, 

57631 19570, 36696s 36910; efen [ms. efenn) 

Oru. iioj ; even gkn. & ex. 1675 ; avsnb. 

113; Gow. ill. 13: Ch. C. T. £> 750; Man. 

(F.) 3440; eve o. & N. 41 ; Horn (I_) 364; 

an eve a. D. 389; aven rbl. I. 194; ave 

Ak. Sc Mkr. 5391 ; ifiia [evcj (dot.) o. & N. 

333 ; OD ^am c&e Mat. xxvL 30; 
•vau-U^^ ab., 0£. xfenlcobt; tvtning 

^g^ DiGR. 1601. 

Bran-aonc sb., O.E. fifensang ; tven-tong, 

Langl. v< v. 190 ; evesong A. R. 33. 

ftvan^tana, sb., £}.£. Kfensteorra ; evening 

Uar,uiac. 34; WiCL. Job xuviiL 33; eve- 

sterre ' [i)esperiu' PR. P. 144 ; CH. BOET. i. 5 

(33). 

Sran-tU. ab., O.E. jcfentld ; even-tide, A. R. 

404 ; WiCL. GEN. L 5. 

Kran-tima, sb., 0.£. xfenUma; tvtning- 

titnt: sevcntime [evetime] L^ 13858. 

•vaa-wbUe, ab., evadng-limt. Will. 1747. 
Jbfoning, sb., O.E. xfiinog ; tvtning ; eveniag 

LA). 10419; evening, eveninge WiCL. MAT. 
zx. 8; eveninge 'vetptr' PR. P. 144; in \t 
eveninge ROB. 313. 
sftie, fti etian. 

nfre, adv., O.E. efre ; ever, Oru. 306 ; (efre, 
efre FRAG. 6, 7 ; it:fie, asvere, sder, efer [efre, 
evere]. Lav 547,1376, 3331, 6553; efte,dcre, 

HOU. I. 9, 31 ; efre, evere (ms. euere), A. R. 

4, 63 ; evre Brd. 3 ; ayknb. 71 ; !« faireste 



8 Afire. 

man ^t evre (mr. cure) jut on ^i lond cam 
Horn (L.) 788; evre, eavere, ever o. & N. 
336. 333. laSi; evKt evere HaV. 307, 
434; evere buten ende R. & vii; tven m6 
R. s. ii ; TRZAT. 133 ; HOCCL. i. 199; evcre 
more Mand. 241 ; evere, ever Ch. C. t. A 83a ; 
ever ant a Marh. ii; ever and o Map 
343 ; falshede ever ^te heo souhten C. l. 
343; ever |>e fur^ peni P. S. 149; ever tc 
ever yet MtSC 31 ; AYENB. 96; avre (/v 
eavre, see Eng. stud. IV. 100) hou. II. 
37 ; swottre ben eaver eni haliwei Kath. 
1707; ever [ere] more Man. (F.) 387; 
p. L. S. viii. 33 ; Avar Mo, ever ulc every 
(gviifve) La^ 237B, 4599; evere ilc Hav. 
1330; ever ilc on every one {unus qvisgve) 
GKN. * EX. 185; ever ilk Iw. 3739; Ch, 
C. T. A 1851 ; Tor. 3574 ; ever ich on A. R. 
30; K. T. 6ia; sevric (^avre ic) HOM. I. 
137 ; ever uch SPEC 36 ; eaver euch Kath. 
73s ! efrec HOB. I. 7; Stbp Ibwir every- 
wfurt A. R. 300 ; eaver ihwer Kath. 681. 

nftemeat, adj., O.E. scftemest,— l^irM. af- 
tumists ; afimoit, latest : bi eftemeste erdede 
HOH. II. 33. 

Vften, prep., O.E. xbM,-OJV, aptan, Go/A. 
aftana; ajier; 7afte S. S. (Wr.) ^i ; fomp. 
bl-aftoD. 

nfter, prep. & adv., 0.£. xfttt, — O.L.G. 
aftar, O.H.G. after, O.Fris. efter, OJf. eptir, 
Cetk. aftra (irdAir) ; <^er: Ecfter [after] yaa 
flode La^ 19; (he) ferde xfter {along) ane 
batJie 757; heo acxede iefter Brenne 5001; 
(cfter ^ne nede 14178 ; his moder Eleae him 
hafde isend softer 11331 ; ^ heom after com 
1587 ; heo ti%eii after sx 30945 ; after heore 
mibte P. L. s. viii. 89 ; & bibeold after help 
Kath. 744 ; after (ms. afilerr) godes lare Orh. 
ISO ; after ^re longe tale O. & N. 140 ; word 
after word 468 ; after ¥is dede GEN. & ex. 
3$5; after (o/mif) ulche strete MISC. 66; after 
bi> wille C. I~ 1329 ; make faste {« dore after 

el p. L. s. xvii. 416; he let after him aende 
EK.-1384; after ^an ^at seint Brendan furst 
Visileise^BRD. 11; havet>;iniedafter^H.H. 
164; do efter ^s preoatea rede HOM. I. 31 ; 
efter ^an ajier that 1 1 ; efter ^an ^t [« rnon 
bi¥ dead 5 1 ; efter ))et he liaveK idon Amcl. 
1. 1 7 J efter mine heorte ' secundum cor meum ' 
A. R. 56; efter hia dea^e 314; efter fwn 
AYENB. 34 ; efter wrake ... it criia c M. 
1130; heo biheld after Kath. 1877; and 
after )iohte hu beo mihte answere tinde O. & 
N. 469 ; hit tidde after Will 198 ; Paul com 
efter hou. I. 41. 

■fter-alap,sb.,=-Z)w. achterklap; aflerclap, 
Ar. & Mer. 499. 

■fUl^omer, sb., WiCL. GEN. xxi. 33. 

after-dftl, ^.,=Du. achterdeel ; disadvan- 
tage, Wr. dict. 34. 

ofter-ende, ab., loiter end, HOM. II. 
199- 



ftUier. 

aftor-Utf, sb., cf. O.E. »ftera Iffia; July, 
Mark. 33. 

after^tale, ■b.,'°J/./}u. achtertale; defama- 
tion, Bek. 637. 
«fter-t«Uer«, sb., ayenb. 58. 
«ft«r-ward, adv., O.E. arftenveard; after- 
ward, afterwards, H. u. 37; Orm. 14793; 
afterward Bek. 119; be weren efterward 
mine milce that sought after my meny 
HOU. I. 45 ; P. s. 333 ; efterward ayenb. 34; 
afterwardes BkD. 10. 

eftere, adj., O.E. xftere, icftra, = O.H.G. 
aftero; after, following: on ^m aeftereit 
reatedaige Ls. vi. i ; on his efter tocome 
HOH. I. 95. 

Bftsrling, ab., tdescendant; wfterllngea (/)/.) 
La;. 191 16. 

nfte- word, adv., O-f-fefteweardja/PM-wan/; 
on fcfte-, aftewarde FRAG. 1. 
egede, sb. (^.egede, adj.); f folly; inngede 
(legtede) ft m lejkes Orm. 3166, 8046. 

Bhte, see eahte. 

nhte, ab., O.E. xYa, - Goth. v\h.\a,'O.H.G. eht, 
from Ui ; possession, properly, cattle ; lehte, 
ahte, aihte, Laj. 845, 373, 1078 ; seihle FRAG. 
6; ehteALis. 1507; sioehte Lk. xx. 14; be- 
tacte heom hisehte (earlier version ehta) Mat. 
XXV. 14; ehte, echte hom. I. 147; for hJa 
ehte {ms. hehte) lure 103 ; moni mon nafV 
ehu (fpl-) 113; ehte, eicte (printed tint) 
p. L. s. viiL 31, 131 ; eihie A. R. 314; MISC. 
116; c^te PROCL. 6; ei|te p. I, s, xvii. 
473; eijte [aihte] lure o. & N. 1153; eahte 
Sax. chr. 353 ; on )>ere weor())dliche eahte 
HOM. 1. 191 ; ahte Kath, 1735 ; spec. 46 ; {ms. 
ahhtc) Orm. 1609 ; hise agte and erve gen. 
ft EX. 743 ; aght TowNU 1 1 ; aihte MISC. 
69; binimeS hem hwile oref hwile t^r 
aihte RKL. I. 128 (HOM. II. 161); aubte, 
auchte, aucte Hav. S31i "223, 3315 ; aught 
S. S. (Web.) 73B ; P. s. 356 ; comp. qvio-Sijto. 
£Uit-grAdl, adj.,fr'«^ of property, HOM. II. 
39. 
(Uhte-lSt, adj., destitute of property, HOM. 
11. 39- 

lei, see Bnl. Bie, tBi;e, see e^. 

eiSer, pron, & adv. (for *A-;ehwet>er). OM. 
mgh'H^'6eT,xgf*t,=O.I/.G. eogihwedar, mod. 
Eng. either ; either(ea£Koftwo, any oneoftwo) ; 
or ; seiner [aijjer] wende to his hole Laj. 1 5983 ; 
serSer deade men and qviken {r. qvike) TfP ; 
eifer 1892; e;}^rr heore Orm. 413 ; ei^fer 
HOM. I. 323 ; ei;t>eT, ei)»er Will, ioio, 
1340J ei«er Kath, 1983; ei¥er gen. & 
EX, 3855; HOM. I. 3i; eour ei)>er I. 15; to 
ei^r limpe% his dole a. R. 10; on eiber side 
Rob. 17 ; eifer ... or CH. C. t. A 1645 ; 
in felde eifvi in toune h. s. 996 ; eiber, aiber 
0. & N. 7, 796; Langl. B ix. 85; ai^ 
treat. 139 ; ay)»er Mat. xiii. 30 ; Hav. 
3665 i S, S. (Wr.) 787 J cider, aider ayenb. 



53^66; ctcr of jtn Deck. 1177; er E. C. 
31 ; bre be iMrt er bn he snS itEi. L at 1 
(nsc 4> ; Hpm* (gr*.) WILL. IO14. 

fie, Kldt, j»aJ^wil8. 

adds, jcr tfiito. mlOn, set «Idi«. 

A-lni8», Uinss, m1>, 0.£. vienge Aliv. p. 
C^lffritvMtig. {/Cmt) elUnsc ; dutatU, lomtlj, 
iBrttdmd, La^ 1 5190; elen]^ F- R- L. P. 85: 
eleogCeU11geTREV.VlI.341; dcDge [elingj 
Lani^l. fPROL. 19a; elinge lkg. 183; S. a. 
U 160 ; eknge [zl^ge] Ck. C. t. Z7 1 199 ; ye 
Hbbe)i an klenge lif s. s. (Web.) 237. 

B^ adv., wrtf^ibJ/^, Lancl. £ xii. 



45- 

ttm, jfe am. end*, st* a&da. 
fine, adv., O.E. tenc ; Mtcr ; ene HOU. 1. 15 ; 

a & IT. 1 107 ; MISC 83 ; p. U S. xxi. 39 ; KEL. 

I. 113 ; LEG. 81 : for ene and for evcre La). 
30460 ; u ene a/ me» Rob. 47 ; Lia 37 ; 
lose. 337 ; HiRC Ss.- 

finm, adv^-OJ/lC. does, OJUG., OJ^ris. 
enes, has ; onet. Sax. chr. 348 ; La). 
39335 ; Oru. 1078 ; enes hom. I. 37 ; iiisc 
78;. Rob. 197; Jos. 35; enea dtcT twies 
A. R. yo\ et eoes 430 ; enis F. s. 303 ; enus 
AUD. 43 ; eoes [aiiqvtuuU) yi sunge a & N. 
1049; eanes H. u. 11; enes anes hou. 
11.67, 109; anes Kath. 136; Iw. 39a; 
ones CEN. & EX. 3a&8 ; treat. 133 ; MiRC 
638 ; Will 195 ; Mand. aai ; at oa« Hav. 
I39S ! Shor. 145 ; Ch. C. t. a 765. 

JBniJPilli]^,adj., O.E. ienig {uUui, aiigvii),— 
OJ^rit, enich, enig (ullus), OX.G. enag («*«- 
cus\ O.fi.G. einlg, einago (unicui, ullut, 
atifvu),Go/A.MDahA{uMicus)i any; saiSAX. 
CHR. 35 J ; may, ani }ing 'aii^viJ' Mat. 
v, 33, ixiv, 17 ; anig man Mk. ix. 30; enig, 
eni Angl. VII. 330; xoi, si, ei Laj. 3392, 
4270, 6663 ; eni Kath. 1367 ; treat. 133 : 
Shor. 30 ; ayenb. 16 ; Will. 1077 ; em 
^g o. & N. 730 ; eni god man 1015 ; eni, 
eiA.X. 8, 64; Fl. & Bl. 301, 813 J eni, eani, 
ei HOM. I. 13, 33, i8s ; eni, ani, oni Ch. C. 
T..rfi98; anijORM. 1761; ani leechd. III. 
96; GEir.&EX.ai8i ; Hav.io; TRIST.374; 
ani, oni Rou. II. 19, 43; oni FROCL. 6; 
Mamd. 3 ; ei R. 5. V ; Anlea (gm. m. n.) 
HOH. I. 131 ; Shor. 95; eis [eanies] weis 
Marh. 13; Anlgan(a!a/.m.«.) LEECHD. III. 
84 ; anigen Mat. xvi. 36 ; eie a. r. 302 ; Sine 
(ace, M.) Laj. 3693 ; Aia {ofC./.) Laj. 6616 ; 
ftnl* (nam. pi.) avenb. 68 ; anie aCrt h. h. 
7; oniePROCL.6. 

[•r-, pKfix,-:ov- ; j« mr-vrino, -wltte.] 

£r, adv. & prep., O.E. xt.^O.L.G., O.Fris., 0. 
H.G.eT,Cotk.a.vt[vp,^),O.N.iT,mod.Bng.eTt\ 
earfy, be/ore; ratMier ; FRAG. 5 ; F. L, S. viii. 7 ; 
(er, er, ar {T/ar aer) Laj. 372, 655, 1581 ; Xt 
ban )iat ifel com him to Orh. 8151 ; sr ^an he 
Doren wxn 814 ; ar & late 6143 ; er treat. 
136; H. H,233; ■wa'erswa(>ujM>»iu)ht bit 



I liabbAHOM.I.io<;ahitder93;wcTist««t 
iboren 15: er urednhtcnconteto >i3Mlive9; 
et dei it/iirt A^ 39 ; er timan itjar* tk* tut* 

105 ; er too pnvitmtfy 37 ; et ^ss« 1 [ ; 
er ^ne 37 ; er yna fet heo loferden 93 ; 
eat 17 ; alse ich er seide a. r. lo ; er to wne 

fen to leatc 30 ; to er ofer v> leatc J38 ; ear 
we wcien voigulte388; er and UK SPEC 99; 
er he were dcd CHR. E. 463 ; er dai BUL. 

1337 ; «■ ore. MTi ar Ol ft M. 859, 1316, 1309^ 

1560, 1637 ; er, ar Jos. 13a, 143 ; er, or 
Horn (L.J 535, SS3 i spec. 71, 94; Will. 

147, 1613 ; Ch. C. t. ..4 36 ; Man. (F.) 
3769, 5094 ; er [ar, or] dat LaHGL. A v. 
333, Bv. 459, C viii. 66; ear Kath. 368; 
car, or GEN. & ex. 47, 48 ; ar leechd. Ill, 
94; HOU. II. 43J Degr. 353; AV. Arth. 
iii ; aar Aus. 5033; ar, or Trev. I. 131 ; Iw. 
66, 1030; or Hav. 1043 ; EGL.3561 or E, W. 

I i jar, jer Guy (Z.) 4570. i<M34- 

te-dftWM, sh., pi., £>.£. tcrdagas - 02..G. 
(rdagfii, OJi\ ii^ogar ; Jorwttr dayt ; are 
dawn Hav. 37. 

Ar-dM«, lb., O^. (ird£d ; femur di*d\ 
erdede hom. II, 153; for >iae ArdAdsii 
[erdede] {pl.) La}. 8745. 

ter-Uoh, adj., * O.N. arligr; Htrly, a. R. 
358; tarlloha, [O.E. lerlicc] (oA/.) Kath. 
116; eriiche Bek. 905 ; Will. 1396; erli 
Ch. C. t. <4 33; arliche S. s. (Web.) 304; 
orli Man. (H.) 3a. 

tr-morwa, sb.| O.E. iermorgen ; t»r{y trnom- 
tug : an armorwe Halliw. 84 ; on ememarjen 
(.^erroarjen) Hou. I. 115 ; an ememorewe 
Misc 45. 

eerd, tr» sard, nre, tft ian, Mn. 
BBTende, Arende, sb., O.E. £rende,- 0./,.G. 
Smndi, O.N. erendi, firindi, eyiindi, ■O.f/.G. 
arunti; e/. Goth, aims {mt-iMnjitr) ; trrand; 
emde, emde, erende, arunde (earende] La). 
1421, 10057, 24838, 25366 ; erende O. &. V. 463 ; 
Horn (L.) 463 ; erinde A. R. 346 ; erande Rek. 
I334;Ch.d.Bl. i34;arendeREL.I. 13o(HOM. 
II. 167) ; arunde Km, 6 ; emde R, S. iv ; ROB. 
147 ; p. S. 339 ; Amad. (R.) XX ; [mi. ermde) 
Orm. dedic. 159J emde, erande, arende 
Lancl. j4iii. 43(^iii. 4iAajmes9age);erand 
Trist. 847 ; erond Deor, 904 ; erdne gen. ft 
EX. 7S7; {ms. herdne) Horn (H.) 4S0; 
Arondaa (gen.) mon La). 34863. 

Arlnde-Mra, sb.,MMrMn£Yr, A, R.6oi erand- 
bere [ms. herandbcre) RKL. I. 146, 

Arendo-beorere, sh.,'meitmger, A. R. 60*. 

*rend-r4ke, ib., O.E. Ecrendmca - O.ff. 
erindreki; menengtr, LA}. 660; erendralcc 
hom. II. 35 i 6r«mlrik«i (//.) Lk. xiv. 
32- 

ferendieu, v., (7.^. £rendian,—(7J^.(y. arun- 
dian, O.H.G. arintfin; intercede for, commend : 
and bad heom amdien him to hshjen ^n 
kingen Laj. 33315; Jtrnd* (imper.) me 
to jii levc Uverd Kath. 3158 ; emde me ^ 



JO 



Arondion* 



ot-gftn. 



blisse of heovene A. R. 38 ; emde as hevene 
Hht SPEC 63. 

fo(e)ndinge, sb., intercessiony mediation^ 
Misc 190, 191 ; erndunge Marh. 23 ; em- 
dinge HOM. I. 207 ; Horn (L.) 581 ; emding 
SPEC 58. 

mer, adv., 0,E, dexoTy^O,H.G, eror, Goth, 
airis ; earlier^ sooner^ LA3. 25351 ; al swo hit 
was enir bispeke O. & N, 1738 ; erer p. R. L. P. 
221 ; ^t erur hom. II. 61. 

ftrre, adj., 0,E, xrrsit^O.Fris. erra, O.If,G. 
Sriro, GofA, airiza ; former^ A. R. lo* ; earre 
H. M. 7; hire crure [erore] fireond R. S. v; 
MISC 173 ; |>e eror wit Rob. 324. 

fireat, adv., 0»E» serest, serist, = OX,G,y O.H.G. 
€nst ; first, La^ 18 ; erest O. & N. 683 ; Misc 
38 ; Jos. 56 ; sdra erest ^u me scalt don riht 
HOM. I. 33 ; )>et ich erest seide a. r. 220 ; 
^onne on erest biginne^ be deoflan to weden 
264 ; erst, arst Ch. C. t. A 776 ; erst [arst] wil 
i wite more Langl. B iv. 105 ; at erst [arst] 
Ch. C. t. E 985 ; on earst Marh. 14 ; arest 
Lk. ix. 61; arst Will. 3046; misc 198; 
(a)tarst Hav. 2688 ; orest GEN. & EX. 2061. 
Areste [SreBtelt adj., O.E. xreste,«0./f.(7. 
€risto ; Jtrsty earliesiy La^ 2646 ; )>et ereste 
hom. 1.75; ^ ereste dole a. r. 8 ; ure earste 
ealdren Kath. 885. 

8Brh, see 0x3. flenxiy see earm. 

ttr-wdne, adj.,^^.^. orwene; hopeless^ de* 
sperate^ Laj. 27537. 

flBr-witte^ adj., witless^ La). 22069. 

8Bt» prep., 0,E,y xtf^O.L.G,y O.N,y Goth, at, 
O.Fris, et, 0,H.G. az, ez, Lot, ad ; <</ : ast )»are 
sae Mk. iv. I ; set Lundene procl. 7 ; act |>ire 
dure FRAG. 6 ; et )>en fontstone 8 ; aet Cristas 
maesse Sax. chr. 255 ; at Wudestoke 251 ; aet 
his sadele La^ 6473 ; aet )« o%er haelve 6474 ; 
he nom raed aet (sec. text of) his monnen 1648 ; 
ic wolde iwiten ast (sec. text of) j>e 9132 ; ^at 
hit at ))e to^Sen atstod 27631 ; at hire heonomen 
laeve 1271 ; hwil he bi% at hame H. m. 31 ; at 
his borde o. & N. 479 ; at ^an ende 826 ; at 
sume sibe herde ich telle 293 ; at undren Misc 

t4 ; at pon ende jZ ; sat at borde HORN (L.) 
27 ; )«3 he at diJMc laie 1252 ; leve at (of) hire 
he nam 585 ; at te laste treat. 139 ; beginne 
at his heved P. L. s. vi. 13; at te cherche 
Will. 1961 ; at cherche avenb. 56 ; ate (i^at 
te) dale of dome 13 ; it was ten at the [te] 
clokke Ch. C. T. ^ 14 ; at o worde (with one 
word) G 1360 ; she dorst(e) at no wight asken 
it Ch. Tro. iv. 672 ; al )>at )>ei han a do R. R. 
5080; fe word was at (with) ^apud* god WiCL. 
JohnL I ;at(mj.att)heorerihtetimeORM.2i6; 
Crist wolde fulhtned beon at sant Johanes hande 
10655 ; i shal hAfen . . . god laen at god Orm. 
DEDIC 143; )>er Moises fatte be lahe at (from) 
ure laverd Kath. 2500 ; mai tie no leve at hire 
taken GEN. & EX. 2697 ; es noght at (to) laine 1 w. 
703 ; he rad in et )yan esthete hom. 1. 5 ; et sume 



time 151 ; up et (m) mine chinne 35 ; yi roost 
bi3eten milce et |>ine drihtene 33 ; iwite% et 
ower meiden A. R. 64 ; et te dome Marh. 1 5 ; 
he schal have a do . . . wi^ hem Mand. 132 ; 
with wimmen have thou nat a do LiDG. M. P. 
66; )>er ben ate seve si)ie twenti )ate Fl. 
& Bl. (H.) 613 ; & lokede out )>er ate P. L. s. 
xiii. 340 ; at after soper Ch. C. t. /'302. 

»t, sb., aj?.2et,= 0J^G.2XyM.Du. aet, O.H.G. 

az (n.)yfrom 6ten; food; Ate (dot.) Orm. 7852 ; 

on drunke & on ete P. L. S. viii. 130 ; on ete 

o%er on wete hom. 1. 103 ; ate II. 228 ; comp. 

ofer-9 or-At (-et). 
89t-b^aren, v., 0,E. xibenn,=^Goth. atbairan 

(npo<r4>€p€iy) ; bear away : a wolf his o|yer child 

atbar (pret,) L. n. f. 214. 
88t-blenohe9 v., escape^ MISC 79 ; leg. 166 ; 

from )ie dreorie dea¥ ne mai no mon atblenche 

R. S. V. 
89t-breiden, v., O.E. aetbregdan; snatch away; 

SBtbruden (pret. pi,) Lk. xi. 52 ; SBtbroiden 

(ppie.) Mat. xxi. 43 ; atbroide O. & N. 1380. 

89t-br6keny v., break away ; atbrso (pret.) 
La^ 1346 ; etbrec a. R. 48 ; etbreken (//.) 
172 ; etbr6ken (ppie.) Marh. 16 ; er he were 
him atbroke Misc 44. 

sot-bresten, v., O.E. aetberstan ; burst away; 

atbreiteS (pres.) hom. II. 197; (ms. at- 

brested) REL. I. 224 ; atbrast (pret.) Orm. 

14734; atbroiten (ppie.) rel. I. 222. 
0t-or§open| v., creep away : |ie . • . weoren 

ator6pene LA3. 5671. 
sot-oumen, v., escape ; atkam (pret.) rel. I. 

234. 
8Bt-d4rien, v., lurky escape notice : nis ))er non 

)>at heom atcUire)> MiSC 1 53. 
89t-ealden f v. : )>e weren bo^ teames ateald 

(fpast the age) HOM. II. 133. 

8Bft-eowen, v., O.E. aeteowan, -j^wan ; show, 
appear; atSowede (Pret.) Mat. ii.7; ateawede 
XVI. I ; atewede ii. 13 ; atewde Mk. ix. 4 ; ^a 
ateoden (r. ateode) him ure drihte La). 29620; 
at(e)awed (ppie.) hom. I. 225. 

89t-flEjlen| v., O.E. aetfeallan ; fall away ; SBt-, 
at&llen (Pple.) La^. 4237, 8995 ; me is . . . 
moni crume etfallen A. R. 342 ; atialle R. S. vii. 

0t-fdren, v., escape ; atfaren La). 27071. 

0t-fleon, v., O.E. aetfleon ; flee away ; etfleon 
A. R. 172 ; etflihS (pres.) A. R. 48 ; atfliht>, 
atfli^ O. & N. 37 ; atfldh (pret.) LA3. 5209 ; 
atflaeh Orm. 19639; etfiuwen a. r. 172; at- 
flowen La^ 2480 ; etflowen (pple.) a. r. 48 ; 
atflowen Laj. 27071*. 

89t-f&n, v., O.E. aetfon; receive; atfSngen 

(pret.) Laj. 15359. 
89t-f6ren9 prep,, O.E. aetforan; before^ Lk. x. 8 ; 

FRAG. I ; astforen ure isworene redesmen proc. 

8 ; atforen La). 2252 ; etforen HOM. 1. 41 ; a.r. 

226 ; atvore alle o)>er Rob. 351. 
SBt-c^ftn, v., O.E. xtgangSLXif^Goth. atgaggan ; 

go from : ^ar fore ich ^nche hire atgo misc. 



nt-gftn. 

t6i;«tC»))(j«rM.)iasc loi; (Ii«))atga«HOU. 

1.3s; atgath(i*U. at^ht) SPEC. 48 (A.D. 1B8) ; 

^ocb his wele^ him atgo [^h bis eihte him 

ago] REL. I. 176; when mi lif is me ftt^A 

IPpU.) SPEC. 74. 
M-sUden, v^ glide awt^; atglide Ancl. IV. 

198. 
nt-hiUden, v^ retain, La^ 91 76 ; at-, ethalden, 

•holdan HOM. 1. 47, 91 ; etholden cwide o¥er 

fundles o¥cr lone a. r. 308 ; atholde o. & K. 

695 ; u. T. gis ; atluUst (prti.) Rob. 193 ; 

ethalt A. R. 346 ; ktbfeold ( pret.) La^ 768 ; )>e 

niht^ale in hire ^hte atheold al ^is O. St N. 

393 ; etheold, atheld Kath. 99 ; athuld ROB. 

63 ; ktUUden [fple.) H. U. 39. 
nt-binden, adv., ithind, (jnf.athendeD)KBL. 

1. 179 (misc. 133). 
Vt-Ulton, v., / remit ; cdie ben a!le ^ )« here 

giltet ben atl<t«ix {fipie.) KOU, 11. 69. 
nt-l&ISien, v., become odious ; atUtSed {pple.) 

La}. 33 jS. 
BBt-lfiden, v., 0.£. Ktliedan j /«<ii/ owof ; atie- 

den La). 330a 
nt-Uohen, v., distemMe: )ia lette he bine at- 

hchen Laj. 6631. 
Vt-lisgen, v., O.E. ietlicgan,-=C^/A. atiigan 

(rrapiuuTir^) ; lit without : ^t lond ^t is lof^ 

tiHSe atlelen (pple.) rel. 1. 138 (HOU. 11. 161). 
Bt-lfitien, v., 0.£. KtluCian; Aide otteself; 

etlutian A. R. 400. 
■t-TAoheu, v., reach at; snatch away ; M- 

rfti^t (pple.) LEG. 43 ; who so ever he at- 

raught Ar. & Mer. 4837 ; when al mi ro were 

me alraht SPEC 37. 
Vtnbden, v., t surpass in counsel; atrede 

Ck. C. t. a 3449. 
tft-rtden, v., ride amaji; atrAdi'atned (pret.) 

Laj. 31439- 
BBt-nne, v., O.E. aelhifnao ; touch ; attrine MISC. 

J3 ; etrineS (pres.) a. r. 50 ; sstrfn (pret.) 

MAT. viii. 15; jif he hine mid sweorde atran 

Laj. 1554 ; ntiinen (pple.) Mat. xiv. 36. 
nt-ritmen, v., O.E. stirnan," Goth, atrinnan ; 

ruH mvay ; atrenne Ch. C. t. A 3449 ; seteme 

Horn (H.) 907: atrui (/*■«/.) Oru. 1434; 

atamSHOR. i49;ataTndeROB. 539; after ban 

Irisce )kc U¥er atumsn (j$/.) Laj. 18367 \ 

aC^rnden 19119. 
at-rutsn,v., //icii^; ^nemihlnowaratrute 

O. & N. 1768; atroute S. A. L. 160; )er nas 

prince ... fiat bim mijte atroute Rob. 78. 
St->4ken, v., 0£. aetsacan; deny, renounce: 
icb acsake bine here Laj. 38310; ktaSk {pret.) 
Hisc 4S ; atadken (pl) Lr. viii. 4; ; attoken 



HORN (L.) 65. 
at-fOheaken, v.,escape; atsceken Laj. 36516. 
nt-Mhfoton, v., shoi^ emx^ {intrans. ) ; ■toohftt 

(pret.) o. & It. 44 ; yah tm lif me beo atcohAte 

1633. 



Est-wlten. 11 

ttt-sSohen, v., seek ; atsechcn Laj. 13333. 

BBt-sitto, v., af.Ktsittan; resist, Hav.330o; 
Rob. 137; asittc OCTOV. (W.! 1665; \o he 
godes heste atM»t (pret.sutj.) C. l. 335. 

nt-ftUken, v., slip away; atalikai (fires.) A. P. 
i-S?4. 

■t-sl^pen, v., slip away : al min hope were 
•taUpen (PPle.) A. R. 148. 

nt-apniigeu,v., O.E. axspnn^; springup; 
■tapTcuig(a) (pple.) C. L. 153. 

fit-cpnmen, v., O.E. a»spuman ; dash the foot 
ogaiHst; atqponu (pres. sulj.) Mat. iv. 6 ; 
I^ iv. II. 

St-fltanden, v., O.E. ststandan, = Golk. at- 
standan (^i-, iro^or^Mu), O.H.G. aistantan ; 
sttuui by, withstand; etstonden 'stare' HOM. 
1.139; jef ba etstonden wulle% mine unwreste 
wrenches Marh. 14; atstonde O. & n. 750; 
UISCI44; |>erhewoldeatstonde[astonde]llA}. 
3661 ; no ^ng mijte hem atstonde [astonde] 
Roa3o;henoldenowhaTatstonde(j<'ii/)BEK. 
3358 ; ^ king made (h)is stede astonde Fer, 
4335 ; atatondeat (pres.) A. R. 336 ; atatAd 
(^c/.) Horn (R.) 1455; ROB.15; Arfuratstod 
and biheold Laj. 36073 ; when hem most ned 
atstod All. & Ahil. 1738; astod REL. I. loi; 
CHR. E. 63 ; atatonden (ppie.) Lj^. 19853. 

Bt-sterton, v., start away \ etsterten A. R. 48 ; 
atsterteii,atslirten Kath. 699,3136; M-, at* 
■twpta, -stiirte [ast(e)orte] (pret.) Laj. 3316, 
4364. 13965 ; atatsrt (pple.) a. r. 48. 

Kt-stiinten, v., stop, hinder; remain; ne 
etsiunten ne etstonden |>e strenc¥e of mine 
swenges Marh. 15 ; )ah an etsterte us tene 
scbulenet5tuntenJUL.5oiheatatnnt«[astiate] 
Rob. 168; hu^Iufelwesatattkut Laj. 31903. 

nt-€tntt«t, v., tarry; atstutte [etatulte] 
(pret.) Kath. 33 ; atstuKen h. m. 31. 

nt-wapp«n, v., f escape; atwappe (pres.) 
A. P. ii. 1305 ; atwaped (pret.) Gaw. 1167- 

et-wenden, v., escape; atwende o. & n. 1437; 
Merlin him atwende (pret.) Laj. 18176. 

nt-windeii,v., O.f.xtwindan ; escape; depart, 
cease; atwinden LaJ-toooj; alwinden URH. 
8004 ; atwand, atwond (pret.) Laj. 874343 ; 
¥is unweder ¥or atwond gen. & ex. 3058 ; 
atwiinden [atwonde] (pple.) Laj. 13869. 

nt-wLtontV., O.E.xtiKitAn,mod.Eng.iviit; re- 
proach with ; atwite Shor. 98 ; avenb. 198 ; 
hwi schal he me his sor atwite o. & N. 1334; 
awite REL. L 157; atwlt (pres.) Laj. 35033 ; 
AVENB. 66 ; atwiteS (imper.) A. ft. 70 ; etwat 
(pret.) Kath. 2364; atwot S. S. (Web.) 1876 ; 
(heo) atwiste Fl. & Bl. 59°; "■ T. 105; 
atweste [atwitede] Rob. 33 ; atwiten Laj. 
36584 ; atwiten (pple.) Laj. 19594 ; atwiten 
O. & N. 935 ; atwite Ar. ft MBR. 9350 ; 
atwist Halliw. 109. 
atwitinca, ab., reproach, ayENS. 65. 

SBt-witeu, v., depart : and god atwflt (pret.) 

-into hise lijt gen. & ex. 1049. 



1 2 »t>wrenohen. 

Vt-wrenohen, v., ttcapt ; etwrenchen Harh. 
15 ; atwrenche O. & A. 348. 

■tfel, sb, O^. ae¥d ( itf-aVelu),- a/>M. Mhd, 
0^.{;., a^. aVal, 0.//:(;. edit, adiU (m.) ; 
natural dii^sition, nobility, honour: a)iel 
SPEC. 33 ; mid s¥de help his bro¥er Laj. 
9363; a|>«le (//.) 'natura' Halliw. 105; 
afele,x:%elen,a%elen Laj. 3751, 10629, 13915. 

nSele, seSel, adj., 0£. aeVcle, = O.Z.f?. aCal, 
cffiili, a^rt>. ethel, O.A'.a adal, edel ; «»«//, 
generous, Laj. 661, 6538; a^l Gaw. 341; 
A. p. ii. 761; sum a)>d man OrM. 611; 
M a¥cle refe Mk. xv. 43; aSel (si.) prince 
La^ Kxni ; a¥ele (noily) iborene La} 
36746 ; noelM (^m. n.) La). 16544 ; aSelere 
(tidi./.) Laj. 30316 ; »Se1« (^.1 Laj. 4864 ; 
8|)ele o. & N. 632 ; hire eSele vif wittea a. r. 
173 ; aSalas (td.) noblt men Laj. 7853 ; kltelsre 
(^<M. fl.) "Lai. 36695 ; K^«a {'^tU. pi.) hhy 
37189; mide^lc worde HOU. II. 125; aatielaat 
{tuperl.) LA3. 3611 ; atfaelisie D. Arth. 1593. 
■t>«l-boraii, adj., 0^.tXtSitOTKa,—O.L.G. 
aValboran ; noily bom, FRAG. 4 ; astbelboren 
Lk. xix. 13. 
*6«l-m9d, adj., noble-minded, Laj. 33355. 

afielien, v- OM. (ge-liefidian ; dignify, 
kanom-, aMode, aCelede (/tr;/.) La]. 3815, 
6650 ; comp. 3a-a&*lIeiL. 

nMing, sb., O.E. ^fx\\-aig,^O.Frii. etheling, 
O.H.G. ediling ; noilemtm, frao. 3 ; abelin^ 
R.S.vi; REL. I. 173 ; wo SO were next kmg bi 
knnde me dupe^ biro a|>elin'K Rob. 354 ; et>e- 
ling Uisc ro6 ; aCeUnge (dat.pl.) iJn^. 874. 

men, see Cfen. nrera, jm Afra. 

[»W] n, sb., (?.£■. £w, S, = 0./=>:f>. iwa, O Jf.G. 
Swa, cha, ea ; law, right, HOM. I. 227 ; ORM. 
145 ; )>eo aide e hou. I. 89 ; ex John vii. 19. 
Air-braahe, sb., O.E. Kwbreca, -brica ; 
'adulter; frao. 5 ; eawbrekere \_~M.H,G. 
ebrechscre] adulterer BOM. I. 39. 
Sn-brnohe, sb., O.E. xwbiyce; adulttry, 
HOM. L 49; eawbruche H. H. 43* ; eaubniche 
A. R. 304 ; ewebniche hoh. U. 313. 

ex, lee M«. af, see o£ 

a-fSeren, v., O.E. afacran ; terrify ; afere Rob. 
32 ; Fer. 387 ; Langl. £ xx. 165 ; Rich. 
4104; bu miht mid'^ine son^ afere alle ^1 
bere^ pine ibere O. & a. 331 ; afSrde (pret.) 
Wart. hist. l. 16; averde [aferde] La;. 
35554; aflBrod, avxred, afeared (pple.) LA3. 
3076, 13730, 17057 ; afered hom. 1. 53 ; A. », 
336 ! SPEC. 85 ; Uow. II. 21 J afcrd Ch. C. t. 
A 628 ; Mand. 294 ; Towhl. 38. 

^fUlen, v., O.E. a.ieMa.n.'^O.H.C. erfallan ; 
fall down : ower prude sciial avalle o. & N. 
1685 ; ftvaUeS {pres.) A. R. 246 ! aKol (pret.) 
HOH. L 333; LA3. 31967; afUlon {^le.) 
HOM. L 305; Yi wal is afallen Laj. 15949; 
afalle REL. II. 373 ; Trev. V. 199. 



aflbroe. 

a-ftxidlen, v., 0. E. arandian ; try, temp 

afonde p. l. s. xsii. ij ; •fimde)) (pres.) Suor. 

73 ; B&iided ippie.) r. i- s. viii. 75*. 
a-fkuigen, v., receive; afonge o. & N. 1196 ; 

Alis. 606 ; ^t seint Michel ous mote afonge 

and tofore him lede treat, 140 ; he WKagpp 

[pres.) SuOR. 50. 
a-firen, v., O.E. afyjaa,^0.//.G. ai&ran ; 

depart; aXkta (fiple.) LA). 13533*; «■ K*'' 

emperour fraia home was afare p. l. S. xix. 

i?7. 
•-19deii,v., O.E.ai6^a;fied; KOdOalpret.) 

HOH. I. 337. 
afel, sb., O.E. afo), O.JV. afl ; power: ^b it litel 

be it hafe^ mikel afel Oru. 3717. 
»-reUea, v., O.E. afellan, aly\i»n,-0.//.G. 

irfellen ; All, throw down, Kath. 689 ; avel- 

len [afallen] A. R. 132; afelte Alis. 5240; 

aftild* [afulde] '(/r«/.) La). 33814 ; aMlad 

[availed] (pple.) Laj. 3069 ; a&Uet Marh. 1 1. 
a-fermien, v., O.E, afeoimian ; sweep clean : 

mid besme aflBrmod {pple.) Lk. xi. 35. 
a-AiTeil, v., O.E. afyrran ; remove ; aftrrsda 

(pret.) Fer. 5565; obmd (i^e.) Mat. 

IX. 15. 
affbitea, v., O.Fr. afaiiier ; affect j fashion, 

prepare J- fit up, adorn J fame, suMue; LaNGL. 

.fv. 49; afaitiRoB.179; Shor. Ill; afoitcd 

(pple.) A, R. 384 ; afaited ayenb. 3I3. 
affbooiun, sb., (t printed affectiun), O.Fr. 

afiection ; affection, A. R. 3S8 ; aCfecdoun 

AYENB. 151 ; Ch. C. t. B 586. 
afldre,v., a^r.aferir; pertain: afitola (pres.) 

Barb. i. 163 ; ai&«rod (firet.) Mer. 32$. 
aSbrm& v., O.Fr. afenner; ^rm, Man. 

(H.) 316 ; LiDG. U. P. 133 ; aArmad (^le.) 

Ch. C. T. a 3349. 
afOaunoe, sb., affiance, Langl. .ffxvi. 338; 

Gaw. 642. 
affiolie, v., /r. afficher ; /4-, Gow. 11. 211. 
oflle, v., OFr. affier ; trust, R. R. 5480 ; afled 

(^/.) Alis. 73SI. 
affle, sb., trust, Fer. 2167. 
aSHe, v., Fr. affiler ; whet, Ch. C. T. A 713. 
afflnitd, sb., O.Fr. a&atti ; affinity, SHOK. 70. 
afBiodon, atOiooioim, sb., O.Fr. affliction ; 

{fiction, WiCL. EX. iii. 7. 
aflluenoe, sb., Fr. affl uence ; affluence, s. A. L. 

81. 
BflBuent, adj., copious, flowing in, Gun..* (S. 

■E. D.). 
afibdille, sSbdille, sb., med.Lat. affodillus, 

Gk. ilir^aAfXdc ; daffodil, PR. P. 7. 
alKiroe, v., O.Fr. aforcer, csforcer, from med. 

Lot. exfortiare \ force, compel, try. PR. C 4253; 

devells |iat afforoea (pres. pi.) tham (en' 

deavour) to reve fra us the honi of poure life 

Hahp. tr. 8; afbroede {pret.) Rob. 121 ; 

aiibrsit (strengthened) d. Troy 6593, 



afllnroe. 



J, adv., tFr. k force ; ftniify, hyforee, 

DEP, R. iv. ai. 

afflrsi, sb,, OJPr, eriret ; attack; alarm, /right, 
Man. (F.) 9054 i aifrai, afrai Cb. C.T. D 3156; 
afrai Udg. h. p. 11& 

kffy«ien, v., O.Fr. csfraer, -freer, ttud,Lat. 
ex&idare (Lot. «x out of, Teutonic friVu-s 
/wiw) ; itarth, jnghien, P. S. 333 ; afraie, 
affraie Ch. C. t. E 455 ; afraled ippit,) 
Will. 2158 ; H. h. 31 ; aflraid SuOB. 158. 

afln, adv., Fr.k Ba; at lAe end, K. T. 7S0 ; 
afine Ar. & Mer. 50; r. k. 3690. 

ft-ffnden, v., O.E. a&aAaxi,-'OM.G, irSndan \ 

find out, p. L. s. viit. 39; Lai. 3S77S ; afiode, 
avinde o. & H. 537; avinde rei. I. 183; 
ftvinde (/*rM.) Fer. 757; aftnmde (/*»/.) 
OCTOV. (W.) 1659; afounde (/>//«.) SHOR.49. 

a-flfijen, v„ O.E. afllgan, ^y^^,=O.H,C. 
9t^<i%en;Putti>fliglU; avl8WS(>rw.) A.r. 
136; aflei fram ham al uvel Kath. 3431 ; aJlc 
^e KOvcQ deaWiche sunnen muwen been 
avUled (,pplt.) ^unib treowe bileave a. r. 348. 

a-flSmen, v., OE. aflynum ; put to flight \ 
RvUm (prei. imper.] HOM. I. 195 1 aflamd 
ipret.) iJCi. 8465 ; aflemden Sax..chr. 352, 

aflm, v., O.N. afla ; g*l, earn : avekn bat men 
bem blescen hou. iT. 159 ; his mede sbal ben 
^aiuie garked al se hit bea% here avelad (/^Ar.) 
IBID. ; cnapechild is afled wel Orm. 7903. 

a-flfioa, v., O.E. A{ieon,= OJ/.G. arfleohan . 
fiet', nHo'joaXpple.) Fer. 3131 ; |)e king was 
aflaje Laj. 19076* ; aflowe Trev. V. 439. 

atUgbt, adj., O.Er. afflict ; afflicted, OCTOV. 

(W.) 191 ; GOW. 1.310, 

a-flfiht, sb., from aflfion ; fli^t : afluhte 

(dat.) Kath. 3030 : in afflight TORR. 3043. 
afdlsQ, v., OJ^r. afoler (affbler) ; if/ool; tJSled 

iPPie.) O. & K. ao6. 
a-f6n, avdn, v„ O.E. ai&i ; receive, hom. 

131, 135; Laj. 8738, 14939; alle ^ Jtat 
'avo> o. & N. 843 ; avfiuh (imper.) Hou. I. 

197 ; alSng {prel.) B. DISC 1401 ; aveng Rob. 

180; heo afengen bine mid sibbe La). 65&0; 

■fbnga (pple.) Ber. 355 ; avonge Shor. 132. 
a-fifiren, prep. &. adv., OE. onforan, afom ; i'c- 

/ore ; Fulgenes him wes aforea [afom] on La^. 

10413 ; rfom PR. P. 7 ; bihinde & atom E. r,. 

33; L.H.R. 150; afom [mi. affom) hem Fer, 

1080; afore )« king Langl. (Wr.) 349 j ; 

Gow. n. 88 ; Gam. 656 ; Octav. (H.) 1341 ; 

avore f«t he come Co ssriftc AVENB. 173; 

mSarnm jan opposite to La). 18538* ; ontrewe 

avore ie his Itiord 18 ; afore iens us CH. TRO. 

ii. 1 139 ; afora a;eiis WiCL. Mk. xv. 39, 
af&re-ward, adv. & prep., in front (of) -. 

Judas com avoreward Misc. 43; afforeward 

alle Fer. 3923. 
%''f<apmi, v., for ;efbrt>mi ; a^rd : and jaf 

hem roetc as he mi]te afbr|>e LaNGL. B vi. 

aoi ; afbrthe Haluw. 37. 



ftfonndreot v^ OJ^'r. afibndrer, eafbndier; 
fouMder[aAorte);Ml!amidx9d.(Pple.) MAND.69. 
a-flwneii, v., questioK-. afreine PR. C 

'Haluw. 36) ; a&aJDe Fer. 3146; allbaliiMl 

\pret.) LaNGU B xvi. 374. 
o-fretea, v., — Ger. eifresKn ; devour: f« dev^ 

hnem a&stla p. s. 337. 
Artii^ tee afOrhten. 
Orfronnti, v., O.Fr. afTronter ; affront, AVENB. 

339; afrountMl, afrOQted Ipret.), Langl. 

£ XX. 5 ; an if a pore man speke a word he 

sbal be foule afroonted P. S. 337, 
after, tee mtbar. 
ft-ffilen, v., O.E. afylan ; /ou/.poiiute : ^ heo 

■iSlMtFRAG. 7 ; aniod [ppie.) Aus. 1064. 
a-fOUen, v., O.E. afy\lan,-=O.H.G. aifullan; 

/// ; affiUed, afeolled (>!^«.) Lj^. 981 1, 1 9077 ; 

aielled Le. i. 57, 
a-fHrhton, v., O.E. afyrhun, = OJf.G. erfiirh- 

tan; affright; afiljt [pple.) Will. 3784; 

AUAD. (R.J icxxvji ; afrigct s. S. (Wr.) 3704; 

)tti weren afrijtc Fer. 138; afrought H. 
■ Arth. 73, 
a-flirneii,v., O.f. afeorsian; remove', nu^ 

bist afiined from alle ]iine Ireonden frag. 7. 

»-gttt«n, v^ T enrich i agaet (pple.) SHOR. 
119. 

a-g&n, v., O.E. agio, agangan ; depart, eteape, 
past; agon o. & N. i38o; an. lit. 90; ago 
R. s. i (MISC. 156) ; ageS [pres.) HOM. I. 
3^ ; A. R. 184 ; age^ FRAG. 7 ; o. & N. 14S3 ; 
^13 worldes wele al ago|i rel. I. 160; agin 
{,pple.) Laj. 337; agon is al mi streinf* 
REL. 1. 135 ; out agon Blk. 3193 ; hit is Dot 
longe agon K. T. 368 ; agon, agoon Ch. C. t. 
A 1783 ; ^0 P, S. 197 ; ^ xstre wei aj<Hige 
[agon] Laj. 34195 ; ^eonge 34x41. 

a-B&HIL, v., ? >= Coth. usgaisjan ; terrify, io' 
wilder: ])e were so soreagAaedCHEST.il. 85, 



)« ate(l|lichc deovel schal jet agesten ham 

A. B. 313 ; agaatiC (pres.) H. H. 31 ; agasten 

Mand. 383 ; agaata (tubj.) Wici- 3 PAKAL. 

xxxii. iSj agaata (pret.) Laj. 6451; Kath. 

1356; Cristofre him sore agaste P. L. s. xv. 

97 ; agaat {.pple.) AN. UT. 91 ; AlIS. 350 ; 

Will. 1778 ; Ch. C. t. A 3341 ; i^est a. R. 

373 ; hi were agaste Brd. 8. 
Age, sb., O.Fr. aage, edage; age, HiSC 35; 

Horn (L.) 1334; R0B.9; Shor. 63; Alis. 

7653- 
^e, see aje. 
a-jefan, ajeven, v., O.E. agiTan,~0.//.C. 

ar-, er-, irgeban, Goth, usgiban ; give up, 

give back, render, deliver, hom. 1. 39, 31 ; 

ajeven, auven Laj. 4698, 29053; ajcoven, 

ajeven JUL. 58, 59; i^af (/WA) LA). 

36356 ; ^eos word ajaf )« nihlegale O. & M. 



H 



a-gefen. 



139 ; and andswere ajtren ifl.) La). 39740 ■ 
til bi aiaven up hoe castles Sax. CHR. 365. 
I^in, see amfiia. 

^eineii,v.(^m^eln),— ^^.(r.engegCDen; 
encounter; Kj/einiAxa (pret. //.) \tn verde 
Li^. 178S4. 
a-jdlden. v., O^. agiddan, agildan ; yield ufi 
a^de FSR. 5036; ^Ide Trbv. III. 431: 
aaQd {imper. ; ms. ayild) ^ to ^ kntght 
Halliw. 136. 
^en, v., OM. i.gaa,=OX.G. egan, O.H.G, 
eigan, O.N. eiga, Golk. aigan (tx'"')< '"<^ ^"f- 
owe ; ^ow til ; ^v^, ^ifH, possess; owtj be 
under obtigaiion ; Laj. 4061 ; ajhen Orh. 
6339; Owen C. U 133; awe (r. w. lowcl 
Hav. 1393 ; such a wif to owe Horn (H.) 
440; ftw* iprei.) C M. 7149); owe Hav, 
1666 ; six Lr. id. 31 {earlier text ab) ; ojeb 
Laj. 3058* (^//i'«/ ah); o]}iayenb.9; oweJ> 
AN. LIT. 90; CH. C.T. C361; weage1SHOH.II. 
41 ; owef La]. 35330 (/rr/Z^jVajen) ; Awand 
(0le.) Ahad. (R.) lii; Uit« (/nr/.) [mm/. 
£Mf. ought], owned, owed, ought, uou. I. 
31 ; Katk. 348 ; ahte, aute, ohte Laj. 3338, 
3(35, >44°3 i ^)'c GK9I. 767 ; AUAD. (R.) 
XIV ; agte gen. & ex. 535 ; auhte, aucte, 
ante Hav. 743, 3717, 3800; )<is gold aughte 
Mr Isambias Isuu. 659; ohte spec 63; to 
makienhirecweneofafbet heouhteA. r. 390; 
oujte Jos. 36 ; Langl. B \a. 6S ; oujte, oughte 
Cu. C. T. A 1349 ; fiu aujtest Bek. 353 ; obtest 
FRAO. 6 ; fiu ;dde )>et tu ouhiest a. r. 406 ; 
betachtenwetolevenuoM.I.167; )>aEnglene 
lond Erest ahten Laj. 18 ; men fiat ahten to 
wile Katk. 363 ; we ahte P. S. 346 ; oujten 
Will. idSo. 

aj«ra, sb.—i^M. eier, {Molb. L 309) ; pos- 
ussor; Ijoraa (^.) Shor. 99. 
I^On, adj., 0£. figcn, iegen (Altr. p. C 4),— 
OJ^G. igan, oJris. Cgen, Sin, OM.G.eigta, 
OJf. etginn, Goth, aigin (».) \Jrom &h ; ffwn : 
^ ajen heaved HOM. L 39; ich Ecm ^n 
ajen [own] inon LaJ. 38144: hit wa beora 
aaen 194; ; hire V3fi [ojen] lif 3481 ; ajben 
Oru. 363 ; fiin aben hou. L 377 ; ogcn 
HOM. IL37; ojen AVENB. 173; oje,owe,owe 
0.&N. 100,359; ogheuiSC3o; awen Man. 

iH.) 183 ; Isuu. 635 ; av. Arth. Ivii ; awin 
w. 583; awen, auen Gaw. 393, 836; aun 
C 11. 6003 : Owen A. R. 1 58 1 GKn. & EX. 120 ; 
ouens.S. (Wr.) 3144; )« kmges ojene dojier 
Horn (L.) 349 ; bis fthjenM fmnkes HOM. I. 
I3i; Agenen (i£j/.m. i.)Mat. vii. 3; midhis 
ajene mu^ HOU. 1. 133 ; ajene, ajne [owene] 
Laj. 335, 14300; ahne Kath. 409; ahene, 
owe O. & N. 1286; oune leg. 98; Ch. C. t. 
A 804 ; Ajere, ajre \dat. /.) Laj. 308, 3941 ; 
owere REL. 1. 173 (MISC. 106) ; Ajene {ace. m.) 
Laj. 3141 ojene o. &n. 1341 ; Ajene (ace./) 
HOM. 1. 43 ; ajene, ahene, ojene o. & N. 1089, 
1543; )iuTh his ahne mihte Kath. 1049; 
Ajene [owene] (pi.) Laj. 6877 ; ojene avenb. 
33 ; Ajeae ((£1/.^/.) Laj. 1718 ;fr&m bis agene[ 



nuuineSAX.CHR.355;oweneA.R.i5B; onne 
Hav. 3438. 
■jen-MlAja, sb., O.E. Sgenslaga; suicide, 

self-slayer, HO«. R 103, 396. 

a-)doten,v., C>.£'.ageotan,'°a//:(;. argiiuan; 

pourout\ agoten \ppk^ HOM. 1. 137. 

a-goBM, V. {tfor geose), guess, expect, Horn 
(L.) 1181. 

a-jeten,v.,0.£.agetan; seiie,attain,perceive; 
to ^ytenne leechd. 111. 94; ajlte {ms. ajitte) 

ipris.) MISC. 193 ; camp, nn-ajeten. 
^MDt y.,/rom ^a {see eje) ; awe, terrify ; agh 

C. H. 13096; awe P. S. 156; awea {pres.) H. 

s. 1592. 
B-i^len, v., deceive ; agiled {pple.) P. L. S. xiv. 

67. 
a-giimeil, v., O.E. aginnan (?=anginnan) ; 

commence; aginne O. & N. 1389; HORN 

(R.) 1385; AYENB. 33; s. s.(Web.) 1410 ; agun- 

nen [agynne] (riming with awinnen) Laj. 

18760; (we) aginnen [aginne] La]. 36573; 

aginne)) {pres.) r. s. 189; aginne (suij.) 

A. R. 74 ; aginC beaten. Mat. xxiv. 49 ; agan 

Ipret.) SHOR. 53 ; agon [agan] LaV 6753 ; 

agunnen {pi.) Lr. v. 31 ; agunnen [agonne] 

(pple.) Laj! 24086 ; agonne ayenb. 166. 
aglnnlnge, sb., commencement, ayenb. 16. 
a^a, v., }^Dan. agle ; vadllaie [or perhaps 

for ajlen, see eilenj, OEn. & Ex. 3809. 
aglet, aglot, sb., O.Fr. aglet; tag of a lace, 

'acus,' PR. P. 8 ; aglot lud. Coy. 341. 
B'-gl[d«n, O.E. aglldan, f ^'andgUdan, cf. M. 

Du. ontgllden, M.H.G, entgllten; glide away ; 

aglood (printed agleed, riming with be- 

strood) {pret.) LiDG. H. P. II6; ^ dent 

aglod Far. 3384; agUden (pple.) MISC. 93. 
A-gUften, v., T terrify: as he stod so sore 

agUfte {pple.) K. s. 3590; ^ne were 

(e Komains a1 aglifte [oglift] Man. (F.) 

3403. 
a-glopnen, v., f astonish ; a^^oi^ed (pple.) 

Alex. 874. 
ftjaieii, v., O.E. ^ian, = <?./r.C eigenen, O.N. 

eigna ; from tMn ; own, appropriate, claim ; 

abtien [ohni] ^n Icaiseie ArVurcs riche Lal 

35359 ; ahnen Oru. 5649 ; Ahnade [ohaede] 

(pret.) Laj. 11864 ; comp. je-^nian. 
Ajnere, sb.,=C«r-. eigner; owner, possessor \ 

owener w, & i. 33 ; Sjenerea (pi.) AYENB. 

37- 

^nlnge, sb., O.E. 3gaung, ahnung; pos- 
session ; ojninge ayenb. 37. 
agonie, sb., Fr. agonie, from Gr, iymla ; 

agony, CH. C. T. A 3453. 
a-grimien, v., </ (?.,^.(7. ergremen; irritate; 

Bgr&ined (Pple.) Alis. 3310 ; a Disc 1916 ; 

PL. T. 391 ; ^omed O. & N. 933 ; CHR. £. 

863 ; agremed Haluw. 33. 
^gr&pieit,v.,— 0.//.<7.irgTcifoD; apprehend. 



agrftpien. 

(omfrehetid : after yat ^ cou^ agrope Gow. 

I. 354. 
agreable, adj., OJ^r. aggreable ; agrttaiU, 

Ch. C. T. £767. 
marten, v., OJ^r. agreer ; agr^, CH. TRO. 

iii. 131. 

argrei)>eii, v^ tquip,*rH>ar* ; agrai^ a 
148 ; «Br0it>«cL (i^.) WiLi. 1598. 



Ogr^ren, aggraggin, v^ OSr. agrevier, 
Bgregier ; aggrieve, ' aggrave,' PR. P. 8 ; acr6- 
Tltli (/nu.) LUD. Cov. 41 ; aggr^ith APOU 
4 ; Mgrtved ipfiU.) Will. 641. 

^grUlen, v., grieve I (ill sore him schal 
agrille Fer. 3195; na ich nuu singe hwarich 
wulle ne dar me never eft mon agrulle o. & n. 



_ . T O^, agrfsan ; ie horrified, a. R. 

306; H. M. 31 ; ham schal arisen Kath. 
3317; agrise R, S. v; Ch. C. T. Di^tf); i 
esTiM {pres.) sacr. 003; me agriseS Lax 
13338; agrU [agros] (^et.) LaJ- 11976; 
agToi Roa 549 ; Horn (R.) 1336 ; of which 
she nou}t ^roa Ch. Tro. ii. 930 ; agrlsen 
{pi.) Jos, 336 ; ISo wui¥en he frigti and 
agrisen GEN. & ex. 667 ; »,gria»n. (Pple.) 
Marh.9; Aus.357; Man. (F.) 9611; agrise 
Roa s^ ; ich am agrise WILL. 1743. 

agroteiii Bgrotuien, v., surfeit; agrotonin, 
-tone ' ingurgiio ' PR. P. 8 ; agroUed (Ppie.) 
Ch. L. G. w. 3454; agrotonid fr. p. 8. 

a-grilwen| v., }>^Ger. ergiaucn (impert.) : 
)iet Qu ■griLwiv [f printed agnipie) that you 
may be in dread K. R.9a. 

Igt, Igte, see h4hL 

■gne, sb., OJ^r. (lievre) aigne ; ague, fr. p, 8 ; 

LANGL.£xiii. 336. 
a-gtUtan, v., O.E. agyltan ; be in/ault, HOM. 

1. 17; ^ulte c. L. uj; Lamgl. Btv. 304; 

agelte avenb. i; ; hwon me affftlteS to ou 

A. X. 186 ; aciUt« ipref.) spec. 113 ; agilte 

R. R. 5833 ; Bgult (ppie.) P. L. S. viii. 6 ; R. S. 

ii ; Uisc 58 : ROB. 353 ; agelt Will. 4391 ; 

gif man have« wi¥ us agUt HOH. 11.65. 

fth. v., O.E. Sh, - O.Fris. ach, Gotk. aib 
(cx»)> OJ^. a (pret. pres.) ; have, owe, 
aught: be mon ^e lutel ah Laj. 3058; 
gM afa \t htel mede Orm. 16539 ; ah, ach 
HOM. I. 139; wif ah [auh] leie aottes lore 
O. & N. 147 1 ; ag Mat. xxiv. 47 ; agh C M. 

7149; agh, Ogh HOM. II. 171 oh HOU. II. 3l; 

^ more oh ich to lovie {« SPEC 70 ; ase mon 
ouh to donnc a. r. $8 ; og gen. & ex. i ; ¥at 
us 1^ alle to ben minde rel. 1. 3i6 ; i au {mi. 
aw, tfor awe) J»e honor Iw. 720 ; aw be ^ 
ani mare AmaD. (R.) niv ; yi J^«at HOM. 
1.15; Laj. 16706 ; ahest h. m. 1 1 ; oweat a. R. 
136 ; we lugm {pi} [(?.£.. Agon] hom. I. 31 ; 



&-hw9r. 



15 



weagen, ogen II. 57; we, heoa3enLA;.6l5o, 
35310; |ie treow^ ysei heo us ojen PROCL. 
4 ; ogta Cen. & ex. 1 5 ; ;e ohen r. s. v (misc. 
168) ; owcn A. R. 83; we owcn fourti pound 
CH. C. T. i>3io6; what )e Owen to do (v.r. 
Bhulen do) Wicx. ex. iv. 15 ; je Awe Ahad. 
(R.) i ; we owe TrIst. 1005 ; ^e (suijuma.) 
L^, 38433 ; be devel him awe (ms. hawe) 
Hav. 1188 ; aeriv. ^an, Aht«. 

a-hebben, v., O.E ahebban, ■■ OJI.G. w 
befien ; heave up, Lx. xviii. 11 ; ahofi;S) 
{pres.) HOM. I. 113 ; ah6vlnd« (pple.) a. r. 
16; ah6f(/trv/.) Laj. 31417; ahxf7537 ; abef 
Mark. 5 ; ahAren {pple.) Kath. 3405. 

a-herden, v., O.E. abyrdan; grovi hard', 
aherd {^le.) Mat. xiii. 15. 

fthnien, see l^en. 

a-hoUcen, v., thrust out : alioMu {imper.) 
hit ut Mat. v. 19. 

ft-hon, v., O.E. ahon, - O.H.G. ar-, er-, ii^ 
hahan, Ooth. ushahan ; hang up, Laj. 30S78 ; 
ahonhiinseolven]uL.49; hbSagm (pret.pl.) 
Sax. chr. 353 ; Mk. xv. 14 ; (priniei 
ahongen} Marh. 3 ; ■.hMigun (pple.) MK. 
XV. 15 ; ahonge HOM. I. 41 ; ahon MARH. 3. 

ftht, adj., O.B>. aht (£lfr. Grau. 396) ; brave, 
valiant, worthy, FRAG. 3 ; jef he is wurfiful 
and aht man O. & n. 1461 ; aht, oht, ocht 
Lai. 4317, 4863, 18355 {mis-written zeht 
7063) ; ajt [ought] Rob. 101 ; oht Kath. 
1737*; o]t Gaw. 3315; fihtne [ace. m.) 
LAJ. 33387 ; ahto (nom.pi:) Laj. 4743 ; gode 
men & ajte Rob. 459; Shtera {gen.pi.) Lt:^ 
18013 : Uitere {compar.) Laj. 434B. 
Iht-t eht-Uoha, adv., O.E. Utllche ; bravely, 
Laj.797,3"4". 
Sbt-Mlp«, sb., valour, Laj. 34671. 

ftbt, su &wlht 

ahto, see aabte. &hte, tee Wite. 

[ahtien, v., O.E. cahtian, - O.Fris. achtia, 
OX.G., O.H.G. ahton, O.N. akta ; consider, 
estimate ; eomp. js-ahtlen.] 

ahtlien, v., O.N. ietla, prov.Eng. ettle ; think, 
esteem,purpou ; arrange, set out; atlien LaJ. 
39063 ; atteli Will. 404 ; alitU ipres.) m. H. 
xvii; attletoschaweCAW. 37; &)>erloettIeV 
{aims) HOM. II. 79 ; atUen (we) to jian lunge 
let us turn to the king Laj. 35996 ; eghtild 
(pret.) PR. c 5784 ; Brien him adedc {tended) 
to Laj. 30846; ^t AJixaundre wi]) his osl 
atlede bidire Wart. II. 104 ; aghteld (pple.) 
S. S. (Web.) 3053; hire te^ aren white aae 
bon of whal evene set ant atled al SPEC. 35. 
abtllnge, sb., M/t>naA>i,LA).3576i; etlunge 
H.M. 39 1 wi%utea ei etlunge [eatlunge] HOM. 
I. 363. 

a-hungren, y.,'=M.H.G. erhungeni ■,/amish ; 
ahungred (pp!e.) LaNGL. B x. 59*. 

ft-hw*r, adv., O.E. ahwjer, = O.H.G. eohwflr ; 
anywhere ; awher HalliW. 133 ; awer, owar 
L. H. R. 30; Dwwhscr, owwhai Orji. 833, 



i6 



&-hwAr. 



8473 ; owher Ch. C. t. A 653 ; owhere 
Gow. 11, 349 ; ower Aus. 5639; owbar Ar. 
& Mer. 7903; ouhwu A. R. 60; ouwhar 
(pruUed onwbiT) Wiu- iSaa 

^hwSneii, v., 0^. ahwEcnan ; trouile : her 
of }« lavedies to me mene^ and wel sore tne 
«]iwfine)> [frfj.) O. &. V. 1564 ; ^ ich mid 
so^^eo awene 1358. 

ft-hweortien, v., O.E. ahweoriaii ; turn aiuay \ 
awlurf (prti.) GAw. 2220. 

ft-hvider, adv., f7.£. &hwider; anywhither; 
ohwider HOU. I. 347; outawuder A. R. 172; 
owhidre ' fvofvam' V/iCL. 4 KINGS v. 25. 

ai, tee I. arid 6i. 

•tol. sb., O-Pr, aicl ; tmeeitor, Ch. C. t. A 3477 j 
■lalM (pi.) I^NCU £xv. 317. 

ughwanen, adv. (for 'a-jehwanen), O.E. 
£^hwanan ; from all sides, ' undigve,' Mk. 
i.4S- 

Righwilo (/>r*a-3ehwilc), Mich (for 'a-jeltc), 
pron., (?.£■. Jeghwylc,!elc,—0.//.&'.eogihwelih, 
cogillh, O.Fris. elk, ek ; lack. Mat. v. 22, 
vi. 34 ; selc hcfde his iwillen Laj. 1996 ; 
ielc an each one 13145 ; alch [ech] mon 
3512; elc, elch P. L. s. viii. 54, 56; Klch, 
elch HOH. II. 31, 149 ; ewe, euch Kath. 30, 
1331; euch A. R. 14; euch, ech o. & n. 
434, 97S ; ech TREAT. 132 ; Ch. C. t. A 
791 ; Tor. 3758 ; hi lovie)> ech o]>ren avenb. 
368 ; MohM, elches (gen. m.) Laj. 7644, 
9921; elches monnes HOM. I. 99; eches 
Brd. 3; SwUouin, iwilche (dai. m. h.) 
HOM. 1. 37, 93 ; slchen Mat. xviii. 19 ; 
elchen, xlche [eche] La;. 3511, 13826; 
echen AYENB.13; eche 0.& N. 800; Alohere, 
elchere (dot. f.) Laj. 621, 1733; elchere 
HON. I. 103; echeie uisc 116; Mone 
[echne] (ace. m.) Laj. 4386 ; Woho, ekhe 
{afc.f.) Mat. iv. 23, ix. 35 ; see je-liwllo, ilo, 

aillte. see Sbto. 

[aihwa, pron. {for *5-jehwa), O.E. ieghwa, 
•= OM.G. eogahwer] ; slwat, 0£. ieghwjet ; 
t everyone, everything, anything, o. & K. 
1056*. 

aihwfir, adv. (for 'a-jebwicr), O.E. aghw*r, 
— O.H.G. eogihwar; everywhere; xwher, 
xiwaer Laj. 13372, 17827 ; ejjwhxr Oru. 
64s; eihwcr Kath. 1728; aihwerHOU. 1. 271; 
aiwhere A. r. ii. 228 ; aihwar Hickes I. 323 ; 
aihware koh. II. 233 ; aiwhare fr. c. 8199 ; 
aiware o. & N. 316 ; aiwhare, -whore Mak. 
(F.) 731, 6285. 



•imoat, sh.,Fr. aimant ; adamant, AYENa 1 87. 
air, sb., O.Fr. air, aer ; air, Mand. 312; 
aer Trev. IV. 139; air, eir A. R. 104; eir 

TREAT. 138. 

ure,sb., Er. aire; aerit,eyry\ haukes of nobule 
eire Degr. 46. 
airsn, see elrea. 
Kirisa, adj., aerial, CH. H. F. 964. 



a-kexmen. 

aiae, sb., OSr. uise, dse; tost; caise, else 
A. R. 108, 114; eise AYBNB. 48; Horn (R.) 
1365 ; ese Bek. 2333 ; ese, eese, ease Cu. C. T. 

aiae ', adj., Fr. aise ; at ease : )if je beoV eise 

[aise] A. R. 30. 
aiael, JMriaU. 
9W6, adj., OJ'^r. aisi^, aaisi<!; easy, HOU. II. 

17 ; eise Map 336 ; aise, ese Man. (F.) 6438. 
Bafr-Uohe, adv., easily, Brd. 18. 
aisiement, sb., O.Fr. aisement ; easement : 

esement CH. C. T. A 4179 ; alalaiiieiitla (pi.) 

WiNT. vii. viii, 773 ; eiseraentcs Mand. 914. 
Sisiott, v., O.Fr. aaisier, from medJM. ada- 

giare ; ease \ cisi AYeNB. 82 ; esie Fer. 1946 ! 

to esen hem and don hem alle honour Ch. C. 

T. A 2194 ; fiMd (pple.) Will. 1633. 
ait>er, see SlCer. 
a)oinen, v., O.Fr. ajoindre ; adjoin ; tdo!n«d 

(ppie:) Will. 1753. 
E^onmen, v., O.Fr. ajurner; adjourn; a- 

loomed (pple.) d. Arth. 340. 
ajngsn, v., O.Fr. aiugier ; adjudge ; ajuf^ 

(;i^*.)CH.B0ET. l.4(IS)• 
ak, see ao. 
&k, sb., O.E: 5c, =. O.Fris. ek, O.N. eik, 

O.H.G. eih, eich/ ; oak, 'gvercus,' VOC 228 ; 

ake 191 ; oc FRAG. 3 \ ok ROB. 22 ; 00k, ok 

Fer. 4561 ; Ch. C. t. A tjoa ; aka (dat.) rel. 

1. 52 ; Perc. 773 ; SkM (pi.) Langl. A v. 18. 
6o>ir«nM, sb.. O.E. &cwem ; squirrel; (mss. 

ocqueme, aqueme) P. L. s. viii. 183. 
a-kfilen, v., O.E. acelan,=^./f.t;. erkuelen; 

cool; akele G0w.II.91; (hlis blod scholde 

sone akele Fer. 4492 ; ak61t>(/(r^j.) MISC30; 

nkeide (pret.) KoB. 442. 
Aken, v., O.E. acan [f allied to O.N. aka,rfrrW, 

Lat. agere] ; ache : aken & smcrten HOU. 11. 

307 ; akin ' doleo ' PR. P. 8 ; ake HOM. I. 149 ; 

MISC. 95 ; Fer. 1831 ; hid. Cov. 232 ; ake)> 

(Pres.) REL. I. Ill; Lancl. Av'n. 243; J)et 

heaved me akb ayemb. 51 ; his bones akeji 

Shor. 3 ; bine banes ake% ]ie H. m. 31 ; aken 

Ch.C.T. 52113; «k«. cite (pres. subj.) K.K. 

360, 368 ; Aklnda (Mk.) a. R. 360 ; fio (pret.) 

Laj. 6707; HOM. 11. 21; ok Rob, 68; ook 

S. A. L. 42 ; oken, oke Langl. Bxv\\. 194 ; dke 

(pret. subj.) P. L. S. xx. 66; deriv. Ache. 
&ken, adj., O.E. acen, = O.H.G. eichtn ; 

oaken : an oken bont ALis. 64 1 5 ; oken wode 

(Pokenwode) d. Arth. 372. 
a-kenneduesae, sb., O.E. acennedness, accn- 

nisa; generation, HOM. I. 209; aken(n)esse 

H. M. 4S. 
a-kennen, v., O.E. acennan ; beget ; akende 

(pret.) Laj. 21240; akan&ad (pple.) LK. 

i. 35; HOH. 1. 89; Orm. 7141; be was 

akennet of Marie Kath. 333. 
a>keiinen', v., » O.H.G. archcnnan; recog- 
nize, reconnoitre ; akaods (pret.) \-k\. 7243* 



a-kapen. 



aL 



17 



l^rst text ikende); akenninge {ppU^ Aus. 
3468. 

a-kepen, v.,=kdpen : |>ar hii wolde akepe (? a 
kepe) Laj. 26937* (earlier text kepen). 

aker, sb^ 0£, aecer, » O.N, akr, Gctk. akrs, 
O.H.G. achar, Lot, ager, Gr, ayp6s\ acre^ fields 
*^*g^y FRAG. 3; Mat. xiii. 38; akirWiCL. 
I KINGS xiv. 14 ; nkerea, akeres (gen.) Mat. 
vi.28, 30; akere (dot,) Mat. xiiL 34; akerea 
(//.) FRAG. 2 ; acres REL. 1. 173. 

aker-land, sb., -• G. ackerland ; ploughed 
landy voc 270 ; akerlond CHR. £. 16. 

aJcex^man, sb., « G. ackermann ; husband- 
man, Haluw. 36 ; acremen (//.) L. LE. F. 
176. 

aker, akir, sb., tidil wave, ' Impetus mtsris^ 
PR. P. 8. 

akern, sb., O.E, aecern,» 0*N. akarn, Goth. 
akian ; tuom ; akemes (ms. hakemes) (^/.) 
Will. 1811; acornes Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (50}; 
achams Trev. I. 195. 

aketouiiy sb., OJFr. aqneton, auqueton ; a sort 
of quilted jacket, Ch. C.T. ^2050; acketoun 
B. DISC. 1 1 75. 

a-kimen, v., ? » Af.H.G. erkumen ; t grow 
faint ; akimed (pple.) La^. 26354. 

al, eal, adj.» OJS. eall, ea], » OX.G. al, 0J7. 
allr, O.H.G. all, Goth, alls ; a// ; al world 
HOM. I. 35 ; al |»as wrake 15 ; al folc REL. I. 
49; al blisse Langl. ^xvi. 190; al ^ leave 
Kath. 787 ; al )« lare 939 ; all ure blisse 
Orm. 708 ; al |>at ;er o. & N. 1259 ; al a )er 
Brd. 3 ; al |>is lond Alis. 886 ; & swa hit al 
iweai% La^ 290; mid al bis hirede La^. 3378 ; 
al (for2lnt\ dai O. & N. 373 ; al ^ winter ROB. 
59 ; al (for alle) )ie twelf dahes Kath. 1844 ; 
a (tfordiX) Denemark and England Hav. 610 ; 
alles (gen. m, n.) hom. I. 121 ; alle volkes 
A. R. 431 ; alle kunnes Fl. & Bl. 793 ; alien 
(dot. m. n.) Lk. xxiv. 19 ; sdlen, alle La^. 135, 
1686 ; aire (dai.f) hom. 1. 123 ; in aire blisse 
La). 6065 ; mid adle (for aire) mare mihten (r. 
mihte) 699; mid alle mine mihte hom. 1. 191 ; 
ealne, alne (acc.m.) Mat. xviii. 32, L^. ix. 215 ; 
alne hom. 1. 225 ; alle dasi heo sungen LA3. 
20981 ; alle (ace. f) hom. 1. 99 ; o. & N. 433 ; 
heo ferden alle nihte LA3. 26922 ; ealle, alle 
(nom. ace. pi. m. f.) hom. I. 23, 97 ; eaUe, alle 
P. L. s. viii. 88 ; alle O. & N. 222 ; alle heo weren 
ease La^. 751 ; alle [al] his men 3858 ; alle 
bine Jn-eates Kath. 2133 ; us alle 548; alle five 
Hav. 2128 ; alle )>reo c. L. 563 ; we alle habbe|> 
enne vader ayenb. 145 ; alle men Mand. 10 ; 
alle and some LEG. 45 ; spec. 42 ; c L. 489 ; 
Fer. 1513; Rich. 5846; Ch. C. t. .^2187; 
alle (for aire) monne A. R. 384 ; al (nom. cue. 
pl. M.) La^. 10556 ; )mrh al (in all things) swa 
wel idihte 25280 ; )nirh alle ^ing 2722 ; aire, 
[O.E. ealra] (gen. pl.). Mat. xiii. 32 ; Kath. 
254 ; C. L. 232 ; Fer. 2884 ; aire )>inge a. r. 
398; allre shafte Orm. 346; here aire fet 
Brd. 17 ; )« aire worst(e) spec. 104 ; ah-e 



masst Orm. 2595 ; aire mest o. & n. 684 ; on 
aire erest a. R. 136; aire best REL. I. 116; 
aire, aller Langl. B xix. 468, Cxxii. 473 ; ake 
ensif rst of all HOiA. I. 33; alra 37; acbra 
221 ; aller Ch. C. t. ^ 586 ; s. s. (Wr.) 365 ; 
aldre GEN. & EX.' 322 ; alder Will. 3345 ; 
al)»er Hav. 1978; ayenb. 27; s. s.(Web.) 3560; 
LiDG. m. p. 20 ; eallen (dat.pl.) Mat. ii. 16 ; 
alien hom. I. 125, 325 ; ayenb. 145 ; alien, 
alle La^. 344, 6756; ealle Sax. chr. 251 ; 
alle Kath. 125 ; mid alle his wrenche 0.& N. 
827 ; best of alle Ch. C. t. A 796. 

at al (ffor alle), at all, Ch. C. T. E 1045. 

in alle, in all\ he lived in alle ]>re and sixti 
5ere Trev. III. 363. 

mid alle (O.E. mid ealle, »3/Jl.^. mit alle), 
wholly, Kath. 656 ; o. & n. 1458 ; p. l. s. xx. 
27 ; mid alle fordon HOM. 1. 17 ; iwepned mid 
alle La^ 26339. 

wi)> alle, withal, Orm. 2174. 

al, adv., all, wholly : water ge% al to gedere 
(altogether) ut A. R. 320 ; and was mid ivi al 
bigrowe O. & N. 27 ; al mid wisdome LA3. 443; 
al an obir rule HOCCL. iii. 7 ; al stiUiche A. R. 
82; al hali^ Orm. 8871 ; al mi^tful (migtful) 
ASS. 219 ; GEN. & EX. 2694 ; all to longe Bek. 
774; Ch. l. g. w. 824 ; al to fewe Shor. 93 ; 
al beo ^u meiden though thou be a virgin 
H. M. 43 ; al be it (albeit) ^t HiOCCL. I. 209 ; 
al {'US LA3. 3669 ; A. r. 235 ; Fl. & Bl. (H.) 
817. 

al ftne alone : noht ne ma) be man bi braed al 
ane libben Orm. 11344; al one Will. 659; 
hue wonede al one Horn (R.) 80. 

al mdBt, al mdat, almost, a. r. 222 ; Brd. 7 ; 
al mest dead LA3. 19328* ; H. h. 47 ; Ch. C. t. 
^155. 

al swa, al se, al so, as (mod.Eng. also, as), 
La). 70, 468, 4308, 24579 ; al swa S. s. (Web.) 
3945 ; al so sone so he mighte 569 ; |;at ne an 
o^ir es al swa Perc. 1452 ; als 684 ; al swa al 
se HOM. 1. 1S3 ; al swa se 159 ; al swa Kath. 
1986 ; al swa as 289 ; ase wod wulf 31 ; as ha 
set in a bur 139 ; |;er as tis blisse is 1723 ; al 
swa se Orm. 3536 ; al se 14801 ; ale if it waere 
589 ; al swo al se hit is biforen iseid procl. 
5. ; al so ase A. R. 62 ; al se ofte al se 8 ; al se 
ofie ase 322 ; j^ere ase (where) . . . is 80 ; al 
so fer so a boge mai ten GEN. & EX. 1238 ; als 
swilc als he is dede ¥or in 3836 ; als he cam 
1785 ; al so ros )« mone Hav. 1955 ; al so 
fresch as ))e hauk Jos. 595 ; al se ayenb. 15 ; 
and mi wif al se [als] Langl. A'v. 144 ; 
als AV. Arth. Ixv. ; & ))c ladi als Gaw. 933 ; 
als mani as men list to have Mand. 209 ; 
als sir Iwain made his 'mane Iw. 2303 ; ase 
MISC. 48 ; drau^tes as me drawe|> in poudre 
p. L. S. xvii. 225 ; ^r as he^ut is xx. 106 ; as 
it )K>ughte me Ch. C. t. A 385 ; as frcendli as 
he were his owen bro|)er 1652 ; )ier as feondes 
remeb misc. 76 ; |>er as bumes were busi bestes 
to hulde Will. 1708 ; no more of ^is as nou 



i8 



al. 



alfSa. 



Ch. C. t. B 1242 ; as J>an Gow. III. 285 ;as 

swi);e Langl. A iii. 96 ; i schal ou elle as 

blive K. T. 1040 ; as for ^ time Mand. 122 ; 

OS E. T. 475 ; Egl. 247. 
al ]'fth» althoughy spec. 23 ; al j^a) he bi 

AYENB. 19; al ))03 Fer. 321. 
al-9 see eL &I9 see aweL 
alabastrey sb.> C7./r.alabastre; alabaster, Ch. 

Q.T,A 1 910. 
a-laoohen, v., catck : alle ^at bai j^an alacche 

mijt Fer. 3098; alehte (pret) hine betwax his 

earmes Sax. chr. 249. 
a-lcenen, v., O.E» alaenan ; lend ; aleane La). 

31603* ; al8ne)> (pres.) 24000*. 

a-l&ten, v., O.E. alaetan ; let off: let alxten 

^is waeter LA3. 15932. 
alai, sb., Fr. aloi ; alley, Langl. ^xv. 342. 

alaien, v., Fr, aloyer ; allay, alloy ; alaied 

(pple.) Langl. i9 XV. 346; sABid * temperatus, 

permixtus * PR. P. 9. 
Alamanie, pr. n., Alamanm'a, Sax. chr. 264; 

Alemaine La^. 1977. 
alambiOy sb., Fr. alambic ; alembic, Ch. Tro. 

iv. 520. 
a-l&men, w.^^M.H,G. erlamen ; grow latne ; 

alamed, alemed {pple.) o. & N. 1604. 

a-langien, v. (cf. Alenge), fmake dreary \ 
alange^ (Pres.) Ar. & Mer. 4212. 

alant, sb., Fr. alan, -5)(. alano ; an Alan 

dog; alants {pi,) Ch. C.t. A 2148. 
alarge, v., O.Fr. alargir ; enlarge, WiCL. gen. 

xxxii. 12. 
alaskif v., O.Fr. alascher, Lai. elaxare ; let 

loose, release, La^. 8838*. 
a-l&'SieiijV., =iVr//'.G^.erleiden ; become odious ; 

alobe]' (pres.) o. & N. 1277 ; mi lif me is 

al&^ed LA3. 25930. 

albe, sb., Fr. aube, Zo/. alba; alb, rel. L 129 ; 

aube AYENB. 236. 
oloali, alkali, sb., Fr. alcali ; alkcdi, Ch. C. t. 

C78ia 
aid, see eald. alder, see ealder, aler. 
aldien, see ealdien. 

41e, sb., 0£. ealu, ealo, = 01..G. alo(fat), 
O.N. 61 n.; ale^ A. R. 114; Hav. 14; Ch. 
C. T. A 832 ; Mand. 251 ; aille Townl. 90 ; 
of ban ale LA3. 24440 ; to then ale R. S. 83 ; 
at pen ale, at |;e nale, atte nale, atte ale 
Langl. ^42; Ch. C. t. Z?i349; comp. 
brud-ale ; see also aleS. 
tie-br§, sb., brecui sopped in ale, L. C. C 
53 ; alberei, alebreii albri * alebrodium,Jictum 
est ' PR. P. 9. 

41e-h(i3> sb., cdchouse ; tiehtlse {dat^ HOM. 
II. II ; aillehowse Townl. 310. 

die-stake, sb., a sign before an alehouse, 
Ch. C. t. A 667. 
a-leapen, v., O.E. ahleapan ; leap up ; aldop 
(pret.) LA3. 30683. 



a-leggen, v., O.E. ilecgan,^O.I/.G. arleccan ; 
lay aside, put down, refute,- \Jli. v. 19; 
La^. 7714; ^u miht lihtlidie . . . al mi sor 
aleggen HOM. I. 197; heo ne mihte noht 
alegge ^at |>e ule hadde hire ised O. & N. 394 ; 
alegge {pres. subj.) hom. I. 91 ; uvele lawes 
. . . bote if he hem alegge Bek. 1638 ; aleide 
{pret.) La^. 7125*; Will. 5240; alelgd 
XppU.) Mat. xxviii. 6 ; aleid frag. 6 ; Laj. 
31966; SPEC 105; Trev. IV. 449; alaid is 
Darie ^in honour Aus. 2386. 

aleggen, v., OJ^r. alleguier ; allege, Langl. 

i9 xi. 88; alegge Ch. C. t. E 1658; allege 

PR. c 5584. 
aleggin, v., O.Fr. alegier; relieve, lighten, 

^allevio,* PR. P. 9; allege PR. C 3894; 

alegget {pple.) Will. 1034. 

alei, sb., O.Fr. alee; cdley; aleis [aleies, 

alaies] {pi.) Ch. C. T. E 2324. 
a-leinen, v., = O.H.G- arlougnan ; conceal ; 

alained {pret.) Halliw. 38. 
a-ldomen, v., iUumine, hom. II. 7 ; a-lSm(e)S 

-lime%, -lemeS {pres.) 107, 109, 141. 

aler, sb., O.E. aler, air m. cf. O.H.G. elira, 
erila, MX.G. eirtf., OJV. eln n.y alder; aller 
Pall. ix. 90; alder Ch. C. t. A 2921 ; aldir 
*alnus* PR. p. 9; olrr frag. 3. 

alder-ker, sb., alder-carr, grove of alders, 
' cdnetum,* PR. p. 9. 

a-lesen, v., O.E. alesan, alysan,= O.H.G. er- 
Idsan ; release, deliver, redeem, La^. 1084 ; 
A. R. 124; Misa 140; alise fram helle wite 
hom. I. 229; aids {imperat.) Marh. 20; 
aldse {pres. subj.) L. H. R. 180; altede {pret.) 
hom. I. 19; Jul. 40; he hine alesede mid 
his blode R. s. vii (misc 186) ; alisden (for 
alisde) La^. 11167; alSeed (pple.) Kath. 
II 50; alused P. L. s. viii. 68; ^e ne beo% 
ne alesde of deofles anwalde HOM. I. 127. 

aldaednesse^ sb., O.E. alysedness ; relecue, 
redemption, HOM. I. 129; alysednesse Lk. 
xxi. 28. 

aldsend, sb., releaser, redeemer, HOM. L 125 ; 
alesent Jul. 66. 

alftsendnesBe, sb., ffor aldsednesse ; re- 
lease, HOM. I. 87; H. M. II*; alisendnesse 
HOM. I. 227 ; alisendnisse Mk. x. 45. 

alSflnease, sb., 0£. alcsness, alysness,*= 
O.H.G. arlosnessi, Angl. VII. 220; release, 
deliverance, HOM. I. 15 ; (printed sdefnesse) 
H. M. II. 

alSeunge, sb., O.E. alysing,= O.H.G. irlo- 
sunga ; release, deliverance, Kath. i 153 ; ale- 
singe HOM. I. 143. 

ideS, sb., O.E. ealo% {g^^- ^^ <^* ^f calu ; 
see ale); REL. I. 132 (HOM. II. 13); eala)> 

LEECHD. III. 118. 

alfe, sb., O.E. aslf, elf, ylf,//. ylfe, - M.L,G. alf, 
O.N. alfr, O.H.G. alp (//., elbe) w.y elf, AUD. 
1T\ alve [alfe] Laj. 19268; elf Ch. C. t. 
Z?373; elfe ^ lamia' PR. p. 138; alven 



alfe. 

falvene] (^.) La}. 19355; dvene (for elven) 

ROB. 130; JARB. XIII. 161; «lT«n« (fVM. 

//.) L^. 21747. 
elf-qvfina, sb., tlf-queen, Ch. C. T. B 1978. 
Alf-red, pr. n,, O. & N. 235 ; REL. 1. 170. 
Alf-rloh, pr. n., reu 1. 170, 
alfln. sb., OJ^r. aufin, Z.Zjt/. alphinus O'lW 

Arab, ai-it!) \ bishop at thesi, foolish penon 

awfin of the chekar ' alfinus' PR. P. 18 ; D. 

Arth. 1343 ; aiiflns (//.) gest. R. 61. 
algoriame, sb., Fr. algoritbme ; algorism, 

AVENB. I ; algrim Halliw. 42 ; augnm A. R. 

314 ; DEP. R. iv, 53 ; awgrim stoones Ch. T. 

^3210. 
alisnoe, allianoe, sb., O.Fr. aliance ; alliance, 

Rob. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 2973. 
s-Iibban, v., Q.E. alibban ; live, hou. 1. 109. 
alfe, aUie, sb., O.Fr. aSA ; ally, Wicl. ex. 

xviii. 5; Trev. V. 321; CH. C. t. G397. 
alie, sb., O.Fr. alie ;. service-btrry \ kleia (pi.) 

». R. 1377- 
alien, allien, v., OJ^r. alier ; aUy, Ch. C. t. 

£1414 ; allad (.PPie-) Rob. 65. 
alien, adj., O.Fr. alien ; aUen, pr. f. 10 ; Aus. 

3918; Trev. III. 447. 
Olidnen, v., Fr. aligner; alienate, WiCL. 

ECCLES. xi. 36 ; aliene CH. BOET. i. 6 (37). 
o-ljggen, v., 0£. alicgaii,= O.H.G. irliccan ; 

lubside, Marh. 5 ; aligge LA3. 26396 ; a 

mucfael wind aliS mid a lutel rein A. R. 246 ; 

^is lutle pine t^t ali% i lute hwile Kath. 

3183; olel (pret.) MaRU. 13 ; )>e loudinge 

alai (ms. alay) La). 24873*. 
O-lihten, v., O.E. alihtan; alight, descend; 

make light j alleviate, La}. 26618 ; no wonder 

^j hit smite barde |)cr hit do^ ali}te treat. 

136 ; alihte ()>«/.) HOM. I. 79 ; La;.2II2i; 

uisa 37 ; god almibti . . . alihte a dun to helle 

A. R. 348; aJijte BEK. 1895; ShOR. 129; 

Ol^tod (pple.) 'alleviata' WiCL. Is. ix. I ; 

ali^t Fl. & Bl. 21 ; $0 sone so be was ali;t 

Alis. 4490. 
B-lihten, v., O.E. sly\tUn, = O.H.G. irliuhlen; 

tnlighten \ aXi^XK ayenb. 109; Fer. I36i ; 

■Ujta (pret.) Shor. 84; alight Gow. II. 

183 ; bu . . . havest atiht mi J)ester beorte 

HOU. 1. 185. 
slitting*, sb., O.E. aly hting ; illumination, 

ayenb.' 321. 

a-limpen, v., O.E. alimpan ; happen ; alomp 

(pret.) La3. 18053. 
B-lisen, v., T O.f. ahllsian; mention by report; 

olteed (/^/<r.) p. L. s. 67. 
a-li6en, v., pass away. La;. 13041 ; altSen 

(pple.) ; \iL seove jer weoren ali¥cne 3970. 
oliHen, V, Q.B. aleo¥ian ; dismember : oou 

have^ he . . . mine leomes alifiede La). 

35939'- 
■Ikomie, aUtenamie, sb., O.Fr. alkemie, al- 

quemie ; alchemy, Langl. A x. 3ti. 



alsene. 



'9 



alkatran, sb., O.Fr., Span, alquitran, Port. 
alcatriLo (from Arab, alqatrln) ; bitumen, 
Mand. 99 J alka[t]ran a. p. ii. 1034. 

oiler, see alor, 

olles, adv. (gen. of ol), wholly, altogether, 
A.R.64; Kath. 796; Rob. 17 ; ollestoswiVe 
HOM. I. 103 ; ba he alles spac La}. 488 ; bo 
heo was alles pider icome BeIc. 73 ; whon ne 
wolde alles bicome mon c. L. 659. 

allonge, adv., 0.£. eallunga,eallinga; wholly, 
altogether, Laj. 8797 ; A. R. 164 ; H. M. 47 ; 
turn me allunge to |>e hom. I. 185 ; eallimge 
Mat. iii. 10, allinge P. L. S. xiii. 318; Jos. 
440; P.S.314; U.T. 108; allinges M AND. 189. 

almande, sb., Fr, amande ; almo?ul, ' amyg- 
datum ' ; almaunde PR. P. 10; ii.lTn».ntlM (pi.) 
c. u. 6695 ; almondes l. c. a 9. 

almander, sb., OJ^r. almandier; almond-tree; 
altnaunder Wicx. ECCLES. xii. 5 ; olmandera 
(plur.) WiCL. GEM. XXX. 37 ; almandres R. R. 
1363. 

almorie, sb., O.Fr, almarie, almaire ; ambry, 
cupboard, clothes-press, bookcase ; almari 
' armarium ' PR. P. 10 ; almarlea (pi.) 
LaNCL. Bjvi. 346 ; the almeries of Neemie 
Wicl. 3 Macc. ii. 13. 



al-m^t, adj., 0,E. sebniht ; omnipotent, Mirc 

461 ; A. p. 1. 497 ; almight Gow. 1. 190 ; SACR. 

996 ; to god almijte Fer. 356. 
al-mihtin, adj., tfor almiht; omnipotent, 

HOU. I. 15, 97; almigiin gen. & ex. 30; 

almihten Laj. 16783; almicten REL. I. 234; 

almihtinde 282. 
al-mihti), adj., 0.f . ealmibtig, xlmeahlig,^ 

C^.Z/if?. almahtig, O.N. aJmatii^; almighty, 

HOU. I. 317; astmihti 221; almihti a. R. 430; 



SPEC 73; aimijti ayenb. 1; be almihti god 
FRAG. 6; god almihti HOU. 1. 5; t' ' ' 
Orm. 95. 



; almahtij 



almlfhti-hede, %\).,' omnipotentia^ pr. p. io. 
almoner, sb., 0,Fr. almosnier, aumosnier ; 

almoner; (f printed amona), AYEMB. 190; 

aumonerc. u. 15219. 
along, see jelang, long. 
aloBen, v., O.Fr. aloser ; praise ; alosi ayenb. 

183 ; alDBod (pple.) R. R. 3354 ; Alis. (Sk.) 
139- 
alouaimoe, sb., allowance, LanOL. B xiv. 

109. 
olouin, v., O.Fr. alloucr; allow, 'alloio,' 

PR. p. io ; alowe Shor. 137 ; Ya stat is 

moche to alowe vor his dignete AYENB. 337 ; 

aloue (pres.) Ch. C. T. (Wr.) 10988 ; aloue 

(subj.) Rich. 4662. 
alp, sb., ef. Norfolk dial, olp ; a sort of finch, 

'ficedula; PR. P. 10 ; alpea (pi.) R. R. 656. 
olpi, see onlepfy alB, see under ol. 
alaene, sb., cf. MJ>u. alsene, M.H.G. alansa ; 

apil, voc 150; dsin 'sibula' PR. P. 138. 



20 



alter. 



ameniuien. 



altar, sb., O.Fr, alter, auter, Lot* altare; altar^ 
Orm. io6i ; alter, auter GEN. & ex. 758, 
1297 ; auter Hav. 369 ; JOS. 295 ; Man. (F.) 

1375. 
altor-oldSy sb., altar cloth^ rel. 1. 129. 

alunit 8b., 0,Fr. alum ; alum^ a. p. ii. 1035 ; 

Ch. C T. (7813. 
alfbre. 8b.* O.Fr. alure, aleure ; place to walk 

in^ passage f gailetyy Alis. 7210 ; Guy p. 85 ; 

PR. P. 10; alllr(e)« (pi.) Rob. 192; throu 

the aleris of his soler *per cancellos coenaculi 

suV WiCL. 4 KINGS i. 2. 
a-Kiten, v., O.E. alutan ; incline ; alute Misc. 

48 ; aloute Bek. 2140 ; PL. CR. 750 ; b. disc 

1254 ; aloutad (/r^/.) Will. 3721. 

alve, see alfli. 

alviioh^ 2i6.],y^M,H,G, elbisch ; elfisk^ like an 

el A Gaw. 681 ; on alvisc smi^ LA3. 21 131; 

elvifch Ch. C. t. ^1893 ; an elvish knight 

£ll. ROM. II. 90. 
al-wealdende, adj., O.E. ealwealdend ; all- 

rulinz% Kath. 615; alwaldinde La^. 19548; 

alwaeldend Orm. 153 ; alweldand Iw. 2199. 

am, V. (l pers, sing, pres^y OJE. eom, earn, am, 
« O.N. em, Goth, im ; dm^ Kath. 463 ; a. r. 
430; Orm. 205; o. & N. 170; Rob. 115; 
Wicl. gen. XV. I ; i am come her Fer. 354 ; 
eam frag. 6 ; earn, asm, em, am Laj. 720, 
8033, 8899, 10524 ; 'sem, eom P. L. S. viii. 1,2; 
eom Misc 192 ; ich hit eom // is I Mat. xiv. 
27 ; em Mk. vi. 50; HOM. I. 115. 

art (2 pers. sing, fires.), O.E. eart, =« O.N. 
crt; or/, Kath. 450; Orm. 2206; o. & n. 
38; Rob. 31; WiCL. John viii. 12; eart 
HOM. I. 29 ; cart, aert, ert frag. 6, 7 ; La^ 
1442, 1499, 2237 ; aert, ert Mat. xiv. 28, Lk. 
i. 4 ; ert A. R. 26 ; HOM. II. 29. 

1b (3 pers. sing, pres,), O.E. is, =- 0,L.G. is, 
Goth., O.H.G, 1st ; is, Orm. 667 ; wa is me 
HOM. 1. 35 ; hwet is us to donne 91 ; lutel me 
is of ower luve JUL. 27 ; me is )ie wurs O. & N. 
34 ; what is ))e what is the matter with thee 
ASS. 227 ; what is ^ou Brd. 21 ; he . . . is 
riden to ))c feldes Ch. C. t. A 1503; is, us 
La^. 745, 5354 ; es C. M. 5880; Iw. 34 ; E. w. 39. 

aren (pl.pres,), O.E. earun, — O.N. eru ; are, 
HOM. II. 73 ; Marh. 8 ; Hav. 619 ; spec 85 ; 
LANGL.\i9iii. 80; am HOM. I. 269; Orm. 
4555 ; GEN. & ex. 16. 

■ind, ainden (pi. pres.), O.E. sind, sindon, 
= O.L.G. sind, sindun, O.H.G. sint, sintun, 
Goth, sind; are, Mat. x. 31, xxii. 8 ; sinden 
Orm. 389; sindon, sindan misc. 146 ; senden 
HiCKES I. 223 ; REL. I. 210 ; senden, sunden 
P. L. S. viii. 144 ; sende HOM. II. 173 ; sunden, 
sunde La;. 4359, 16796. 

si (subj. pres.), O.E. si, sie, seo, = O.L.G., 
O.H.G. si, Goth, sijau; HOM. I. 245, II. 91; 
Orm. 3378 ; si, seo La^ 8545, 14893 ; adon 
(pi.) (O.E. sTen, seon) LA3. 13837 ; sion (ms. 
syon), sien Mat, vi. 25, John xvii. 22. 



je^m&den [for ^emfiden. O.E. gemsedan], 
f distract, derange \ am&d (pple.) HORN 
(L.) 574; P. S. 156; S. A. L. 154; amad, 
amead H. M. 37; amed a. r. 324; Misa 48; 
heo weoren amadde La). 4438. 

axnaieiiy v., OJ^r. esmaier, amaier, « Hal, 
smagare; dismay, bou mi^t not me amaie 
Fer. 485 ; ne amai pe nou^t s. s. (Wr.) 1536 ; 
amaied (pple.) Alis. 1749; Ch. Tro. iv. 
641. 

a-maistren^ v., » Ger. ermeistem ; master, 
Langl. ^vi. 214 (^ vii. 200) ; ameistren A. R. 
140; amalatre^ (pres.) ayenb. 129 ; amai- 
stredo (Pret.) P. L. s. xxiv. 60. 

a-m&iiBieny v., O.E. amansumian, O.H.G, 
armeinsamon ; excommunicate ; amansi Bek. 
1744; amonsi P. S. 196; am&iaede (pret.) 
p. L. S. xvii. 512 ; am&QBed (pple.) HOM. 
I. 45; Kath. 2101; o. & n. 1307; Rob. 

335. 

aTn i nirtn g, sb., O.E. amansumung ; excom^ 
munication, avenb. 189. 

a-mdsen, v., O.E. amasian ; amaxe ; amdaed 
(pple.) A. R. 270 ; Will. 686 ; Gow. II. 25. 

axnbesae, sb., Fr. ambesas ; both aces, Rob. 
51; H. H. 108 (up). 

axnbicidn, sb., Fr. ambition; ambition, 
ayenb. 22. 

axnblen, v., Fr. ambler; amble*, amblindo 
(pple.) Haluw. 53; amblinge Ch. C. t. 

ambler, sb., Fr. ambleur ; mnbler, cath. 9. 

amboht, sb., O.E. ombeht, « O.H.G. am- 
paht^ ambaht, Goth, andbahts; servant, 
Orm. 2329. 

dme, sb., Jrom dmen ; aim, guess, D. Troy 
7088; GENER. 5959; A. P. iii. 128. 

amel, sb., O.Fr. esmal; enamel, Halliw. 

54. 
axnelen, v., O.Fr, esmailler; enamel', amelid 

(pple.) Halliw. 54. 

&men, v., O.Fr. aesmer, esmer,« mod.Eng. 
aim; estimate : amin ' aestimo* PR. P. 190 ; hou 
manie J^er deide i mai nought ame Man. (F.) 
4449 ; aime Will. 1596 ; eime)> (pres.) WiCL. 
LEV. xxvii. 8. 

amende, sb., O.Fr. amende, from Lai. 
emendare ; reparation, fine, compensation ; 
amendes (pi.) ayenb. 37 ; pr. c. 1589. 

amenden, v., O.Fr. amenderyy^v/ri Lat. emen- 
dare ; correct, refi)rm; give satisfixctionfor an 
offence, amend, mend, c. L. 11 17; amende 
Bek. 1094 ; schon amende J OS. 423 ; amendi 
R. S. ii \ amendeS (imp^ A. R. 42a 

amendment, sb., O.Fr. amendement ; cor- 
rection; improvement J reparation, Rob. 32; 
Shor. 51 ; ayenb. 32. 

ameniusen, v., O.Fr. amenuisier ; diminish ; 
amenusi e. w. 28 ; amennaed (pple.) Ch. 
Boet. ii. 4 (40). 



a-mdoken. 



an. 



ai 



a-meoken, v., render meek ; amdkid {ppie^ 
GEST. R. 177. 

axnerciment, sb., 0,Fr, amerciment ; forfeit^ 
fine ; amerciments (//.) Ch. C. t. 7752. 

amercin, v^ O.Fr. amcrcier ; ojiurce^ fine^ 
PR. P. 1 1 ; amcrci Langl. B vi. 4a 

a-merien, v., 0,E, amerian ; purify \ amered 
ij>ple.) s. S. (Web.) 2266. 

a-merraDf v., 0,E, amerran, -myrran ; mar^ 
destroy^ corrupt^ HOM. I. 23; amerre AllSC. 
74 ; amxrrc, -marren [amorre] La). 5356, 
19469; amerre)> (pres,) ayenb. 203; a- 
xnerde, -ma:rde [aniorde] {pret.) La). 3825, 
1 1725 ; Yi ainerdest frag. 8 ; amflorred {pple,) 
Shor. 105. 

amerveillen, v., 0,Fr, esmerveiller ; amer- 
vcilled (ppie.) struck with wonder^ surprised, 
L. R. H. 160 ; amervailed Will. 3857. 

am^sen, v., O.Fr, aincsir {from Lat, mitire) ; 
appease-, amese you D. Troy. 12842; To^^'NL. 
194. 

amesiiren, v., 0,Fr, amesurer; moderate', 
ame8fire)> (pres,) ayenb. 252. 

amete» s\},,O.E. semete, = J/.Z>«.emte,cemptc, 
O.H.G, ameiza; ant', amote ayenb. 141; 
amtc, emte WiCL. prov. vi. 6 ; ampte Lidg. 
M. P. 88 ; ematte 'formica * voc. 1 77 ; 
ftmeten (//.) Rob. 290; emcten 13ek. 2241 ; 
emoten Alis. 6566. 

&2nete-hul, sb., O.E. a^methyll; ant-JuU, 
Rob. 296. 
a-m^ten, v., 0.E, amctan ; measure ; am^ten 

{ppie,) FRAG. 2. 

ametiat, sb., Fr, amethyste ; amethyst^ p. l. S. 
XXXV. 93 ; amatiste MISC. 98. 

ami, sb., Fr» ami; friend, Alis. 1966. 

amiable, sb., Fr. amiable ; friendly, Ch. C. t. 

A 138. 
amice, sb., O.Fr, aumuce ; amice, PR. p. 1 1 ; 

amise WiCL. Is. xxii. 17. 

amidon, sb., Fr. amidon ; starch, l. c. c 8. 

aministren, v., O.Fr, aministrer; administer', 
aminiBtre)> (pres.) Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (133). 

amirail, sb., O.Fr. amiral, mod.Eng. admiral ; 
emir, Saracen ruler, Rob. 409 ; admiral Fl. 
& Bl. 201 ; admiral, admirail La). 27668, 
27680; admiraud HORN (H.) 96. 

amit, sb., O.Fr, amit ; garment, amice, hood, 
* amictus,' voc. 231 ; WiCL. EXOD. xxxix. 21. 

amonesteiif v., 0,Fr. amonester ; admonish ; 
amon68te)> {pres,) ayenb. 8 ; Ch. Boet. v. 

5 (135).^ 
amonieiouiif sb^ 0,Fr. amonition ; admoni- 
tion, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (135). 

amorous, adj., O.Fr. amorous; amorous, 
Gow. I. 89 ; R. R. 83. 

amortisen, v., 0,Fr. amortir ; deaden ; cdien- 
ate in mortmain ; amorteise LiDG. M. P. 207; 
amortiaeden (pret.) Langl. Bx\. 315; a- 
mortiaed {pple,) Ch. C. t. 7247. 



amonntexii amounti, v., 0,Fr. amonter; 

afnount, ascend, rise, L. H. R. 38 ; amuntot 

{pres.) MISC. 28 ; amomited {pret.) A. p. ii. 

395. 
amdven, v., O.Fr. esmovoir ; set in motion : 

exdte ; amdved {pple.) Gow. 1. 296 ; amevcd 

[amoved] Ch. Boet. i, 1 (6). 

ampaiii, v., see enpeiren. 

ampre, sb., O.E. ampre, prov.Eng. ampcr ; 
tumour \ ampres (//.) hom. I. 237. 

ampolle, sb., Lat. ampulla ; phial, ampulla, 
La^. 14986 ; ampulles, ampolies (//.) Langi^ 
A V. 527. 

amte, see ameta 

a-murSrin, v., O.E. amyx^rian ; mur- 
der, HOM. I. 247; amurSred (pple.) Laj. 
16147. 

an, v., 0£. ann, an, = O.N. ann, O.H.G. an 
(pret. -pres.) ; favour, grant, O. & N. 1739 ; as 
i )ie love and an Trist. 839 ; ^if god hit an 
LA3. 1485 1 ; |;at he mire dohter wel on 1 1928 ; 
on MISC. 1 16 ; ich on wel ^at ^e witen K ath. 
1761 ; we imnen procl. 2 ; ^if ^e me blissc 
unnen funnel] Kath. 2376 ; pe )« ufel unncn 
La;. 28117 ; ^t me god unnen Marh. 21 ; 
unne (subj.) P. L. s. viiL 158 ; LA3. 25 114 ; god 
almihti unne me . . . )^ct ich mote |>e iseo hom. 
I. 199 ; (ms. hunnc) gen. & ex. 2249 ; comp. 
)e-an ; deriv, unnen, est a. 

an, see and. an-, see en-, 
an-f on-y prthx, from an prep.] 
an-*, on-% prefix, = and-.] 

an, on, o^ a, prcjp. & adv., OJ^. an, on, - 
OJ*'ris. an, on, a,c)./, C, 0,H,G. an, 2Ji2L,Goth, 
ana, 0,N. a, Gr. ava ', oni zj\ are halfe La;. 
20717; an horse and an [a] fote 502; riden 
an {sec. text uppc) horse 12979; he bar an [on J 
his hande 25809 ; an )>an ilke time 3890 ; an, 
on [a] live 3537, 10785 ; )>a spaeche him code 
an (sec. text at) wille 13076; Brcnnes cuTe 
an (sec. text of) havckes 489J5; an (? =and) 
long 138 ; he havede ane honde 3793 ; |)e 
king wes ane (in) France 23690; hevcdc 
. . . kinebeam on wombe 199 ; on [a] sla^pc 
II 59; on [a] godes nomen 10136; he 
com on lond 116; ))e king nom fat writ 
on bond 484; |)u hit halst on {sec. text mid) 
unriht 7374; moh he havet on (of) \\r\\ 
3^13 ; muchelc men on mihte 23919 ; ofte he 
hire lokede on 18538; hardliche heo on 
slo3en [an hewen] 1529; he heom on leidc 
hat weoren lawen gode 2077 ; bah he hcfde 
orunie on 1553 ; on heo duden neore iwedcn 
9450 ; one leoden (r. leode) 3718 ; a londe & a 
watere 550 ; a (sec. text bi) daei(e) o¥er a nihte 
1965 1 ; todai a seovennihtcn 11929; and swor 
a {sec. text bi) seint Brd. I73M » a (? « and) 
JTat her com li^n ma of heore leoden 6040 ; 
ileid an (in) horde P. L. S. viii. 6 ; on hclle 
116; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon a worde 
& ec a dede 2 ; a watere & a londe 41 ; an 



21 



an. 



&IL 



[on] ende A. R. 146 ; an Englisch 130 ; on 

ever iche halve 50 ; enes a wike 344 ; bringe% 

a vlihte 248 ; o ¥e rode 262 ; an elle REL. I. 

132 ; |iare manie rotes one {ms, onne) wacse^ 

128 ; on ende 1487 ; )>at tu havest on heorte 

2142 ; he heold on (continued) to herien 434 ; 

o [on] worlde 527 ; a {v. r. til) ¥ct 719 ♦ ; on 

(ms, dnn) eor);e Orm. 422; on Abrahames 

time 4089 ; he wolde . . . us . . . bringen on 

to fol3hen ))Qre bisne 7717 > M naht bat 

Crist was boren one {ms, onne) 3753; pat 

stande|> o ^ godspelboc 315; senes o be 

;cr 1078; an eme o. & N. 323; nis on pe 

non holinesse 900; and |>ar one sulie^ 1240; 

)>ah no preost a londe nere 1314 ; a worlde 

1363 ; a sumere 416 ; a dai 219 ; heo hadde 

gode brote and schille and fale manne song 

a wille 1722; an bom hue ber an honde 

Horn (R.) iiii ; he sloh a felde him ^t 

(h)is fader aqvelde 997 ; an eve Brd. 31 ; 

ich wondri on mi ^^t 15 ; none o^r clo]?es 

nadde be on 29 ; a godes name 7 ; hi wende 

a lond 6; an, on ende c. L. 822, 973; on 

English 74 ; a live 1422 ; a last at last 457 

o C? « 0%) bat 152; an haste ayenb. 31 

him on to loki 244 ; ane his left half 156 

a ))e left half 156; he val|> a grund 91 

ones a dai 73; ones a 3er E. G. 359 

an er)>e Shor. 102; a ^ere 34; an eve, 

a morwe K. T. 468; he fel a slepe 397; 

on |>inen namen ^in nomine tuo* Mat. 

vii. 22 ; seofan si^an ... on daig ^septies in die * 

Lk. xvii. 4 ; on (in) j^ine huse frag. 6 ; on to 

lokienne to look on%\ on (v, r. in) ¥er sae 

HiCKES 1. 223 ; on londe HOM. 1. 13 ; on heof- 

ene & on eoi%an 11 ; beon on worlde 35 ; on 

^isse deie 99; to dei on fowertene niht 123; 

men cwela% on (of) hungre 1 1 1 ; & him on 

bleow (breathed into) gast 221 ; a londe 17 ; 

a domes deie 239 ; a (? - and) ))et drihten 

com 1 5 ; alle hire luveden ^t hire on lokeden 

Marh. 2 ; don us mare wa on Jul. 43 ; be 

rcve bet on live ant o leomen 58 ; on eoire 

H. M. 2^ ; bat mahten bringe )ie on (induce 

thee) mis for to donne 17 ; on )ie fot of the 

dune HOM. II. 89 ; lustliche on to siene 163 ; 

)ie (vop ^ preste(s) one wunien 89 ; enes o 

dai, 67 ; a dai 109 ; be )>u wis on |>i word & 

war on ^ine speche rel. I. 186 ; ilc fis on 

water gen. &. ex. 162 ; on morgen I093 ; on 

live 3595 ; so faiger he was on to sen 2659 ; 

king on Englene loande PROCL. i ; on godes 

nome Misc 39 ; he is fair & briht on heowe 

96; A)yulf sede on hire ire Horn (L.) 309; 

prut on herte 1389 ; wi^ swerde ihc )>e an 

hitte (Panhitte) 712 ; on live Hav. 363; on 

horse riden 370; ^is clobes |>at ich one (ms, 

onne) have«ii45; on eiper side Rob. 17; o 

live 40 ; jn^e si^ . . a ^er 376 ; |>at Peteres pans 

. . to |« pope nere not on isend Bek. 618 ; }^\ 

al |>e toun were a fure 1049 > ^^ wicchecrait 

nout i ne con an. lit. 7 ; on fote gon SPEC 90 ; 

a naht by night 34 ; when elde him come|> on 

A. D. 252 ; on felde Will. 173 ; a dale 610 ; a 



live 129; on haste Alis. 1855; on be dai 
Mand. 288 ; on live Jos. 707 ; Gow. 11. 372 ; 
on [a] grounde and on [a, o] lofte Langl. A i. 
88 (90) ; )>ai felle on slepe S. S. (Wr.) 2745 ; he 
rod on hunting E. T. 931 ; ronne bournes al 
on blode Flor. 609; so semeli on to see 
2071 ; i ran on [a] blode H. H. 55; o ]>at 
come domes dai 148 ; & Danmark on (for 
of) him wan Man. (H.) 57 ; o fote 163 ; suc- 
teen hundred bei brought on (for oO live 
Rich. 2059 ; what shal worthe on me MiR. 
PL. 151 ; a bedde s. s. (Web.) 1513 ; on fSn 
begin Laj. 21 194 ; fon on 5630, I7393» 17423 » 
& feng on )>us to speken Kath. 315 ; we voiS 
on to spekene A. R. 74 ; fo we on o. & N. 179 ; 
taJran on begin LA3. 25965 ; on take ROB. 1 70. 

an ftn (printed zxidJi)^ anon^ Kath. 31 ; |>e) 
wisten sone an an (tns. anan) Orm. 225 ; 
fowerti^ dashes a) on an (ms, onnan) 11 331. 

ftn, &n, a, on, 0, card, num., 0,E, ^xi^—O.L,G, 
en,- 0,N, einn, 0,H,G, ein, Goth, ains ; cm 
(a)y one : baet ^i sien an ' ut sint unum ' John 
xvii. 22 ; ^a nam man an and an (one by one) 
SAX.CHR. 253 ; on an to eastren 256; a daeis 
fare 262 ; an child HOM. I. 77 ; ure an 21 ; a 
seep 121 ; an [aj preost La^. i ; an hore 15579; 
J>e an 22757 ; an efter ane one after another 
6969; an and twenti 9541 ; )>a weoren heo 
al an 29080; a wif 2528; \t, an Kath. 
576; an swa swote smeal 1600; ^ette 
me an hwat 768 ; a meiden 66 ; a crune 1 585 ; 
in a londe 21 ; an hwet wite ^u Marh. 5 ; 
al me is an j>in olhnung ant tin eie 5; 
an an for% riht 1 5 ; meiden an eadiest ' virgo 
beatissima^ 13; an man Orm. 11213; an 
duhti) wif 1 13 ; an an 225 ; an (y^r ane) cribbe 
3321 ; an {for anes) raannes 5813 ; a mikel 
here 3370 ; a cribbe 3366 ; an hors o. & N. 
773; an an, on 488, 1554, 1658 ; on old stoc 
25 ; on hare 383 ; ^ me hit halt evre for]> 
in on 356 ; a word 502 ; a tonge 156 ; o song 
333; an wis man GEN. & EX. 2649; ^^ 
kiste (h)is bre^ere on and on 2266 ; an hare 
Rob. 457 ; an (f for ane) fourti jer 230 ; an 
vewe Wilde hinen 540 ; heo were al at on- 1 13 ; 
a dorter 12 ; at o time 306 ; an hound Will. 
10; an five mile 5 no; a stounde 159; on a 
time 8 ; an hors Mand. 249 ; on ge% ... in 
one sliddrie weie A. R. 252 ; heo is ever on 6 : 
an on 20 ; in on 6 ; ^if a mon is god 86 ; )>et o 
mon beo vor one )nnge twien idemed 30^ ; a 
sih^e 48 ; o luve 12 ; n^qvodh on Hav. 1800; 
but on 962 ; ilk an 1770 ; an hundred 2126 ; 
a king 27 ; of a tale 3 ; habbe vela^rede )ie on 
wi^ ^ o]>re ayenb. 43 ; bie^ al on 259 ; a 
kni^t 45 ; o ]nng 46 ; whenne on hath don a 
sinne MiRC 71 ; and bo|re on god 465 ; ¥re 
dales slep he al on on REL. I. 226 ; an on to 
be |>rote ^ usqve ad guttur^ Trev. III. loi ; 
pei wepen evcre in on [oon] Ch. Q,t,A 1771 ; 
a so gret best Brd. 31 ; a fourten night S. S. 
(Web.) 2363 ; an {for ane) o^r speche A. R. 
100 ; an [on] o)>er tale o. & N. 544 ; fine 



[O.E. Siu (masc), Sue (/«■.)] a/one: fa he 
ane wxs Mk. iv. lo ; he aae hom. I. 165 ; 
Katu. 234; ane he gon riden La]. 64661 
we hine Lete¥ ane 35703 ; nu ^u scrt al anc 
[one] {alone) 17934; as ha . . , wes . . . hire 
mti {sola) ]vi~^i\ he cube him ane ben Orm. 
3194; be was king ODe Rob. 31 5; heowende 
alone Bek. 59; betere is ^t ich onedeie SPEC 
81 ; left was he one Will. 3II ; him ane ich 
luvie Marh. 41 let )<e gome one Gaw. 3118; 
nawt ane ... ah Maru. 14; nout one a. K. 
46; noji one Rob. 193; t,Ti»m(gin. m. ti.) 
Laj. 1SS74 i i^'^ eoi^iches monnes hoh. I. 

J 3 ; anes mannes Orm. 33 ; wi)S his ones wit 
:atk. 589 ; ane tinges 73 ; ever ich ones 
every one's A. Ji.i^^; mid his ones mihte 160; 
one monnes 203 ; to )>an anes {for ane) La]. 
17304 ; for ^n anes for the nance JUL. 71 ; 
(ms. ^ naness) Orh. 7160; for )«& ones 
Shor. lis; Aus. 1634; Will. 3015: tare 
{gen./^ Lk. xviii. 3$ ; ftnuQ {dot. m. n.) HOM. 
I. 345 ; anan John xx. i ; anen Mat. vi. 24 ; 
anat-RECHD. 111.88; biforen |Ktm preoste ane 
HOM. I. 77 ; buton ane creowe 33i ; ane, one 
A. R. 78, 134,150; liveV. . .bi him one 13; on 
ane daie LJ^. 83 ; an one dscie 6443 ; i hod 
no bropir bot him ane PERa 3043 ; alle heo 
wcoren bi ane (together, if. M.H.G. bi ein) 
Laj. 33947 i najt o del to onen and |>et o^r 
d«l to an o)«en AYENB. 175 ; alle we bie{i of 
one kende 186 ; mid one worde frag. 8 ; he 
sat up one vaire boje o. & M. 1 5 ; mid mine 
one songe 789 ; bute ^ one HOM. 1. 30i ; as 
hit were for ^an one Brd. 18 ; ^i weoren at 
oneK.T.377; tra(iiW./)JOHMzx.7; HOM. 
1. 173 ; Laj. sss ; ore o. & N. 17 ; in ore nijt 
Fl. & Bl. 83 ; *nn« (ace. m.) hom. I. 331 ; 
anne 93 ; xnne, enne, anne [one, on] Laj. 88, 
394. SS6; anne, an Orm. 3374, 8118; enne 
A. s> 56 ; enne gost ayenb. 145 ; enne. anne 
O. & K. 799, 831 ; Shor. 93, 95 ; enne, en 
MISC. 50, 51 ; en P. S. 150 ; anne stroc he jef 
him Rob. 333 ; ane man ayenb. 58 ; Sne 
(aec.f. ) HOM. I. 91 ; ane [one] dohter LA). 
3400 ; {miswritttn ane] 3347 ; ane hwile 
Kath. 183; ane, ana leechd. IIL 96; one 
O. & N. 199 ; one boc a. r. 54 ; one berte 
AYENB. 145 ; of ane (for are) sunne HOM. I. 
33; bionehalveo.&N. 109; ftna (^.) Orm. 
19764; for bio ane JOHM xviL 30; ane feue 
La}. 11753*; BOC fewe P. S. 194; )akinges 
. . . ane ^ wuneden Laj. 33880; ^r heo 
weren one bi bam sulven A. R. 154 ; bi ham 
ane MaKK. 14. 

an-atld,piep.,?-<aDefen; nearto\ xaint(fmj. 
an-ante) treat. 137; onond, anont, onont, 
anonde, ononde A. R. 4, 6, 134, 164, 436; 
anont H. H. 9 ; C L. 1076 ; MiRC 1961 ; onont 
te under Kath. 3531 ; anende a. p. i. 1135. 

^uappedi pple., sleepy ; aiupped he was P. 
L. s. xvii. 378. 

an-axjfi»n,v.,maiecou/ardfy; aiiarwl)>(//vj.) 
ALIS.3346. 



and. 



*3 



an-lMl^en, v., be angry \ «nb»lb (iW.) L^ 
36359; onbo^«n (ppu:) Laj. 1696. 
UL-Uxlen, v., O.E. onbldan ; await : on- 
bidende (t ms, & bi diemde) [abidinge] heore 
wille Laj. 8633. 

an *-b{lrsten, v., turst out : and he anbursten 
agon swulc (be) weore a wilde bar LAJ. 
35831 ; cnihtes anbunito [aborst] {ppie.) 
weoren 35341. 

', sb., O.Fr. ancessour; ancestor; 
Man. (F.) 945 ; ancestre Bek. 429. 
sb., OJ^'r. ancesserie; ancestry; 
nuncestrie Man. (H.) 14. 

anaheiMmn, see anoheiafin. 

anoien, adj., O.Fr. anden ; ancient ; auncien 
Mand. 93. 

anol6oa,sb., O.E. anc]?ow,-=0.i^rf>.onclewe, 
cf. O.M.G. anchal, O.N. tikla ; ankle ; oncleou 
'^talus' FRAG. 3; ancle voc. 148; ancle, 
anclee Ch. C. t. A 1660; anolowe (dat.) 
Ar. Sl Mer. 5206. 

on'-on&weii, v., O.E. oncnSwan,— ©.//^.Cint-, 
'm<raSi\3n •.recognize, acknowledge: ge . . . 
ononKtrao 'cognoscitis' Mk. viii. 17; on-, 
oknftim (pple.) aware C H. 8627 ; he aknawe 
Am. & Amil, 3099 ; fou art sojws aknawe 
LEB. Jes. 333 ; ich am aknowe Will. 4391- 

&nore, sb., O.E. ancra ; anchorite, a. r. 6 ; 
Rob. 380; Langl. Civ. 141; anorea (pl.) 
A. R. 4; ie*Kak.«t\ 
anors-hOB, sb., house of anchorites, A. R. 88. 

anoreWi v., anchor I'laaorttd (pple.) a. R. 149. 

an-omne, sb., accident; oncume HOH. \. 
147; oncome C. m. 5937. 

an-oumen, v., come upon : onknmaa (PPU.) 
GSN. & EX. 841. 

and, piep., O.E. and, ond, — O.N. and-. OJ^ris. 
and, anda, end, enda, ond-, Golh. ana, anda-, 
OJ..G. and, ant, O.H.G. ant-, eat-, int-, Gr. 
arri ; againit, towards, near, with regard 
to ; )« holie pistle ^ me ret to dai and 
(/») ech holie chirchc HOM. IL 



briht is and bleo MISC. 91 ; \t mon be spare)) 
ieorde and ionge childe Rei- L 184 (Hisc. 
130] ; and ende c L. 1177* ; and last 137; 
from heih and (ms. &) to herrc hom. L 307 ; 
and ]wt hit wes da;i liht Laj. 5667 ; he is end 
longe feouwer & sixii raunden 21993; bi- 
winne% sone sucurs & help and (frmn) ure 
loverd A. R. 344; ent domis dai misc. 3i6; 
ande long (lengthwise) nouht over ^wert Hav. 
3833 ; ende fong Marh. 10 ; comp. an-and. 
and') conj.iO.f.and.ondt^O.^m. and, ande, 
end, ende, OJ^G. endi, O.MG. anti,enti, inti, 
untiia«i/,ANCL.VlI.22o; HOM. 1. 39'; KaTH. 
389; [ms. annd) Orm. 1849; sfie & sefre 
206 ; Kver tweie and tweie luhte to somne La^. 
34749; arne* xvere voriS & vorB 16441 ; 



M and. 

and )ef fa tniht xine fiodcn 3693 ; ant 104 ; 
& (/or & }if) ht bit null ileven 8313 ; an 
3397, 5780 ; aiod if an. lit. is ; and {/or and 
if) HAV.3863; J0S.389; Perc. iijd; AST. 
ARTH.xvi; andi cacche mi}te LanguBH. 
193 [}if i mihte cacche A iL 167] ; and, ant 
A. R. 174, 330 ; and, an O. & N. 4, 7 ; C- L. 
7i5i 789; AYENB. 15; and, ant, an HaV. 
39,36; ant Jul. 3,3; Kath. 1977; SPEC. 23; 
an s. s. (Web.) 730; ande E. C. so; znd, 
end Mk. L 40, iii. 26 ; ent hou. I. 341 ; 7 a p. 
I- 5. iii. 13 i wen he is holden a mai APOL. 56. 

tnA»,sb.,O.E.»ndA,oad!i(indiffna/ioi$,*tny), 
— OJ-.G. xaAa,OJf.G.aitAa,axiaAQ, O.N.axtdi 
{breath, tpirit); breiUh,tpirit,l-w.ii^s% PX. 
C.3054; and TOWNL. 154; onde '(Afo^iw' 
voc. 146; PR. P. 364; Alis. 3501; Fkr. 
3343 ; Gow. II. 360 ; ne drageC ge non onde 
KXL. t. 317 ; onde {mvy) La^ 33756 ; A. R. 
374; o.Sc K. 419 ; Rob. 40; c. l. 311 ; p. s. 
196; p. L.s.v.'5i; R.R. 148; bah men to 
me han onde SPEC 39 ; for anden Hat. xxvii. 
18; hirh ande Me. ev. 10; ^h onden 
[ondej Kath. 893. 
cmd-ftil, *£i.,/ullo/envy, A. R. 68*. 

•adMi, v., OJ/, anda ; breathe ; ande CATH. 9 ; 
ondin PR. F. 364 ; «nd«a {pret^ C. U. 31075. 

[ukdiSr-, BTirtfl 1 prefix, ^ mdar, = 0.1%. end ; 
/ormerly^ 
andar-idth, «n<to»ith, *d<i.,/tirmerfy, C. U. 
Slid, 34368. 

•adetted, jw •ndrttsd. 

v., O.E. an-, 'ondettan ; eonftu : 
o {firet.) hkna linnan MAT. iiL 6. 

■sd-jnten, v., coit/ets : anc^sten ure sinaes 
Orm. 15165. 

aiu!^Mlag«^ sb., confissUm, Orm. 18037. 
■ad)tn»— at sb^ eon/eisUm, Orh. 3763. 

Utdi, adj., (7.£'.andig; envious; ondi Ma? 336. 

sadlran, sb., / a corruption 0/ OJ^r. andier ; 
atuliroH ; aundirin PR. P. 19 ; aundiie voc 
176. 

•nd-lAt, ah^~AfX.a- antlSt, OJ^rtt. andiete; 
/ace; onket Orm. 13939: onkte Hon. 1. 59; 
ne tutne ^ne anleth me mi PS. zxvi. 9. 

•n'-drsden, v., O.E. an-, ondr£dan, - aZ.C 
and-,«nt-,andrldan,0.^.<7. inlratan; t6vaJ, 
Mk. vi. 50 ; ondncden Mat. i. 30; adreden 
BOH. I. Ill; Lai. 8744: he mai him sore 
adreden Hickks i. 233 ; he mai him adrede 
grame o. & n. 1484 ; ac sore ^ oiijt ^ adrede 
R. s. i; adrtde ipres.) P. L. s. viii. 3; 
ondrAdda, ondreddc (pret.) MAT. ii. 32, iiv. 
30; adredde Horn 1170; adrAd [adredj 
(PPU.) Laj. 10951 ; adred Hav. 1258 ; SPEC 
110; TOWNL. 25 ; adrad Hav. 37B; WILL. 
1980; Mand. 383; Tor. 389; we weren 
adredde KatH. 1345 ; aren ad^ddc [adrad] 
LANGi-fsiz. 21. 

■od-awto, adj. & lb., O.E. andsiete,-(;fi/jl. 



andasCu; odiom; enemy ; Ork. 16071 ; and- 
sete HOU. II. tij, 183 ; ansete I. 107. 

lb., O.E. andsKc; denia/, HOH. II. 



and-spria^n, v., O.E. oaspntigaii,=0.l~G. 
ant-, anspnngan, O.H.G. intspringan ; spring 
up, rise; andajtrangfe) {ppie.) c L. 153*. 

aad-nrare, sb., O.E. andsweie, answare 
[answere], andswaru ; answer; Laj. 4413, 
11935, 36355; andsware, -swere OrU. 
3404, 12016; andsweie MAT. ii. 13 ; GEN. & 
EX. 3081; ondswere Jul. it; andsvaie, 
ondswaic, answare, onsware, answere, 
ansvere, onswere O. & N. 55, 149, 470, 1 176 ; 
answare Isuu. 674; answere Shor. 123; 
ansveie ROB. 197 : oniwere A. R. 8. 

Mid-npenen,v.,0.£.and-,ond5werian; ait- 
swer, La). 33431 ; andsweren Oru. 3036; 
onawerien A. R. 94 ; onswerie HOU. I. 73 ; 
ansverie ayenb. 67; answere Ch. C. T. 
D 1077 ; onswere Jos. 377 ; ich ansverie 



Brd. 9 ; answereden Mand. 339. 
[■nd-wuie], Kwwae, adj., O.N. andvana, 

andvani ; vanting; ladting : to dei he met to 

mar^an hit him is awane hom. I. 31 ; hit it 

onwane of his hele 39. 
•nd-weoro, sb., 0£. andweorc ; materia : 

of ^issen andweorke aUe ^iog Iw iwronbte 

nuaSL 
•nd-WDTdaD, V, O.E. midwYTiaa,~OJf.G. 

antwtutan, GotA. andwaurdjan ; r^fy ; and- 

worda {prtt.) HOU. I. 91. 



,pn:p.,a£'.oncfcn,=OX.C 8 
mod.Eng. aneut ; near to, against; anen 
Mand. 80 ; onefent (t paragogie, see Cr. 
GRAM.ni.3i7)A.R.i64*i anent Alex. 735 ; 
anentis, anemptis WICL. John v. 4; ; Rju.. II. 
47; anemptcsHALLiw. 61; onence PR. c 1355. 

bi-djed, adj., otu-eyed j oneyid PR. P. 365 ; 
oni)ed A. P. ii. 103. 

•'•neh, adv., mar; al ^ beo ancb cranen 
L^3837. 

an&Len, v., OJ^r. aaKicr,/rom Lot. anhelSie ; 
pant after, ptiff^ at : berei and borcz and 
etaines . . . f^t him andleda [pret.) of ^ beje 
telle Gaw, 73a [Morris renders ' attacied, wor- 
ried'^ ; of linage a gret gentilman anelid to 
^ bischaprik Wint. viii. xxxviii. 330. 

an-filen, v., O.E. an-, onxlan; set on /Ire, 
bum ; aaAleod (ms. anfaelend) hom. I, 319; 
onoalda (Prei.) HOM. I. 97; aoBlad {ppU.) 
Gow. Ill, 96 ; anelid Wicl. Is. ivi. 7. 

an-^Iie, v.,iuU7i.n/u'i'Min7,SHOR.44; RDAIa]> 
(pres.) 43 ; auAIld (PpU.) ' inunctus' PR. p. 
11; anelet MiRC 1813. 
anMinge, sb., anointing ivilh oil, 'inunctioi 
PR. P. II. 

a-nemnen, v., O. E. anemoan, ~ M. H. G. 



ernennen ; nam* ; aaMtmado (prel.) p. i. & 



» nincte, tt4 dUiwmU under nSli. 
uieiu,sb^p1.,(?^/'.aniaiu,^.^anel; rings, 

iinisi/elUrs, Man. (H.) i<^, 378. 
k-nawen, v., = O.H.G. imiuwon ; rtnew ; 

anewe dep. R. iii. 24; ?ennAwtt> WiCL. 

ECCLUS. xxxviii. 30 ; ? enewes Towml. 314. 
kn-Ud, adj., O.E. infeald ; simple, HOW. I. 

151; Makh. 11; Oru. 18668; C. M. 634a; 

c&aJd Bou. II. 187. 
«alUd»-UCillak adv., simply, HOU. I. 5. 
•n-folt, ab., O.E.Ka;tm&\t,''OJ{.G.aiMnii, 

MJiu. aeubelt, -bilt; anvil; anveJt * incus' 

REL. I. 6; Trev. III. ao?; Ch. D. Bl. 

ii65;»nd'eltWiCL.ECCLUs.uaniii.29; aovili 

Fer. 1308. 
«n*-10n. v., O.E. an-, onf5n,=O.MC antia- 

han ; receivt ; onfon La). 1069 ; Orh. 17948; 

(ndBt> ( ^'0 Oru. 4234 ; heo onfb^ frag. 

7 ; onSng (prtt.) Laj. 134 ; onfengcn Mat. 

ii. 13; Oru. 14396; anlSn (j)^jlr.) Laj. S837. 
•n-gard, sb., arrogance, D. Trov 9745; 

ongait M. H. 49; sngAcdM (f«w.) Gaw. 6B1. 
aiige,9b.,0.£.»ngie,=0.//'.Cango; amgmsh, 

HOreis : him was w^ & angc OrK. II904 ; 

naa!^ ft al wi^ ange 16289 ; & dide him 

mikd ange 19804. 
Ugel, ab, O.E. aazd,-0.//.C. angul, O.fll. 

Oagva ; angle, ^k-kook, ' (A)amtts,' FRAC 3 ; 

Mat. xviL 27 ; angil pr. p. 13. 
■ngU-hfid, ab^JUA-iaek, Wici. Is. zix. 8. 
ODCel-CwiMolw, ah, O. E. angeltwicce ; 

angle-lwi/ek (•nrarm used as a bait) ; ' A((m}- 

Imau' FRAO. 3. 
•nsel, Mf asgaL 
an'-^in, picp. & adv., A£. an-, o^^n, -gin, 

■^ean, — OX.C. angegin, OJi.G. n^agan, 

OJV. %cgD ; again, againsfj 1.EB. JES. 316 ; 

HOM. I. 319 ; beo umen oo)ein him HOU. 1. 3 ; 

dunt aiein dunt 15; ajcin jcven give iaci, 

rttwrm 31 ; hwan ic Kfsi chenc (rtti^n) 79 ; 

Mcin 7 ; onjean frag. 6 ; ongen, -geanes 

Hat. zii. 30, ^ ; oi^n, -Jean, ajein, -jxin, 

-)en,-jm,-)eiiwa,-)enesL^ 1590,16^,1900, 

5917, 6178, 8837, 16233, 33'57i '<>■' ^ IT" 

nukel wTXcbe set oqjkd )iat wob Orh. 18 ; 

(Mqames kinde 249 ; uein, a^ean, ^ines a. R. 

14) y^ 316; and etper ajen [ayein] o^r 

swal O. A N. 7; aiemea nbt 1371; ajeines 

bare bete nete tul al nobt R. S. v (lUSC 182) ; 

pat xjpa 03 is so bcnde Rob. 109 ; a^ein even 

159; be waa ajen idrive Bee. 678; ajein 

knnide Jos. 106 ; oomingc him ^einca 562 ; 

Kfosi [agcines] his wille Langl. ^ vii. 70; 

i ahal bringe ^ a)ein I'rtdncam W\ into 

Ua Imd WiCL. gen. xiviiL 15: ajcna bis 

on^VadversMsJratremsMum'yiv.ixXjiei^, 

^eait MAVD. 13, 330; ajen,agem HAV.489,. 



angri. 35 

493 ; ageiB Tor. 3709 ; ^ cimde Brd. 9 ; 
ayen ifisc 27 ; ze1k|i bam ayen aVEMB. 36; 
aye, ayens ^i^ boli gost 28, 39; cqain 
Trist. 712; a-, egain C. M. 1537, 1538; 
agen(r.tt'.benJCEN.&EX.405; a|;eon39i3; 
agon {r. w. fon) 438 ; on-, ^nes PROCL. 5, 6 ; 
i^encst La}. 33476*. 
■jain-bto, v., redeem, WiCL. Lk. xxiv, 31 ; 
aMabogbto {prei.) Mand. 2; Maenboit 
[Pfle.) Vila. ISA. Iiii. 13. 

i^efn-bfera, sb., redeemer, WiCL. Job xix. 

35- 

a)fliii-blt«, sb., remorse, ayenb. 1. 

■gsIn-ohAr, sb., /or yttnahnr; rettem, 
Angl. II. 333. 

■jebi-onins, sb., coming again, 5. A. I. 155. 

mjia'jVtp«,At.(/or^ikDyip9)i agijimade 
in return, AYENB. I30. 

Wfia-xWxkg, ab., resurrection, WiCL. John 
xi.35. 

Kjlilia.-tm.-w, %b.,/or jaluMWB ; C. U. 8383. 

a^-tnxn, ab.,J6r)intiini; Will. 4183. 

■^In-ward, adv., O^. ongeanward ; iack' 
wards ; onjeinwiCTd, ajeward La}. 1673 ; 
a^einward Jul. 73; a^canward a. r. 374; 
agenward GEN.&EX. 1783; a^in-, a^eniwd 
WiCL. MK. iv. 35 ; ayeward ayenb. 48. 

^«n-wi)t«, sb. i/or )biwljU),»G«'. ge- 
gengewicht ; counterpoise, ayknb. 347. 
anger, sb., O.N. angr/i./ anger, grief, VlU2^ 
553; Gow. I. 383; Iw. 1529; E. T. 914; 
anger and tene gen. & ex. 3993 ; anger and 
wa PR. c 3517; in anger and in care ECL. 
150; in anger, pine, and mekile wo uiR. pi_ 
161 ; MagTM ful a. R. 370 ; uigr* (dot.) Ch. 
BoET. ii 4; aagTM [pi.) Langl. Axii. 11. 

[aag«r-lioh,adJ., OJ\l. angiligr] angerlbAa 
{adv.) painfiilly, angrily, Tret. III. 81; 
Gow. 1. 293 ; angerii Man. (F.) 3759. 
Mi»-gin, sb., £>.£■. an-, cta^a,'-0jL.G.,O.H.G. 
anagin ; commencement, HOU. I. 217 ; angnn 
II. 107 ; anglnDe (//.) Mat. xxiv. 8. 
an*-giimen, v., O.E. an-, onginnan,— Jf.Z%. 
ontginnen, 0.//.C inginnan ; commence; m- 
gan iprei.) Orm. 28ot ; ongon JUL. 13 ; 
ongimnen HOU. I. 89. 

ui'-jit, sb., O.E. and-, ondgit ; intelteei ; 
anjita (dat^ HOU. I. 99. 
an'-^iteii, v., O.E. ongitan; perceive, La). 
26633 ; a^ltte {pres.) UISC 193 ; OI^est 
iPret.) HOU. I. 233 ; anyxi La^ 157^6. 
Ulgle, sb., O.Fr. angle, Lot. angulns ; angle, 
comer, Ch. C. t. B 304. 
Angle, pr. n., Anglia, Man. (F.) 4097. 
angren, v^ OJV. angia ; anger, ver, distress, 
Oru. 428; angreTREV.V.35s; ^langretli 
me sore Laniil. By. 117; angrad (pple.\ 
UED. 744 ; PR. c. 302 ; )e king was angrtd 
FBR. 263. 
■api, adj., troublesome; troubled, angry. 



U^Ti' 



26 

'moleslus,' rel. I. S; GOW. I. 3S3 ; Ch. C. 

T. -4 3157. 
ftUgrom, sb. {cf._ ogrimlen), affliction, 'an- 

guslia,' PS. cxviii. 143. 
ang-snin, adj., O.E. angsum (from 'ang, 

adj.—O.H.G. ang, OJi. 6ngr, Gotk. aggns, 

narrow) ; Strait, narrow, * attguttus,' Mat. 

vii. 14. 
aiixiuimeflae,sb., O.f.angsumnesa ; anxie!/, 

Orh. 10457. 
ansuisBO, sb., i7..Fr. anguiase ; a«gwijil;ROB, 

177 ; CH. BoET. iii. 7 (79) ; Man. (F.) 4835 ; 

anguise A. R. 334 ; angusse treat. 140. 
angaiBsen, v., O.Fr. anguisser; anguish \ 

angUiBW|> {pres.) CH. BOET. iii. 8 (80) ; «n- 

gulal (T printed mgrisi) {subj.) AVENB. 146. 
Snguissomi, adj., O.Fr. angoissous ; Juil 0/ 

anguish, Rob. 157 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (41) ; j>e 

anguisuse dea%e A. R. 113. 
in-had, sb., unity, Kath. 931 ; onhod C l. 

10; anhede PR. c. 161 onhede ayenb. 79; 

TRANS. XIX. 333; WiCL. iTiM.iii.3; apol, 35 
•n-hangon, v., 0.E, onhangian ; hang up ; 

anhongen LA3. 13166; anhange Bek. 714; 

anhongel' {pres.) ayenb. 51 ; onhanged, 

anhonged (///r.) CH. C. t. .^3945; an- 

hoDgea a. r. i»S; aybnb. 341; an-, on- 

honged Will. 1564, 4773. 
•n*>healden, \.,»'O.Fris. onlhalda, M.H.G. 

enthalten ; retain ; »Tih<airf« {pple.) ayenb. 

153. 
•n'-liel)ben,v.,O.£.anhebban,-=0..«;C.ani-, 

intheffan; heave up, lift, exalt, Laj. 12637; 

onhefS (.pres.) Hou. I. 113; aiihSf {sec. ttxl 

abof) iprtt.) Laj. 31635 i anhefden, onbeve- 

den HOM. II. 177 ; otifa«vaii {ms. onhevenei 

(PPle.) HOU. I. 117. 
an-hSjen, v, texali; anbeji [tfor ah^ii, 

AYENB. 33. 
ftn-hends, adj., one-kanMd; oahende 'maii- 

CUS' FRAC. 3. 

•n-hdton, v., O.E. onhxtao ; heat; anbet 

ipris.) uisc 30 ; ayenb. toS. 
an-hitten, v., hit : wj^ swerde ihc ^e anUtte 

(?an hitte) HORN (L.) 713; aahltt* {prtt.} 

Rob. 185. 
•n-hfin, v^tO.E. onbfin ; hang up, Laj. 739 : 

(hi) aahSS (pres.) o. & n. 1646; ai^tog 

(pret.) La]. 3935B ; anhongen {pple.) La; 

1033; anhonge O. & N. II95; P. L. S. x. 7 ; 

Shor. 86; P. s. 313; anbfin (pple.) Laj. 

30839J A. D. a6i. 
aQ-hmigreii, v., be hungry \ anhungred 

{jMle.) Alis. 1230 ; Ocrov. (W.) 467 ; P. 33 ; 

TREV. III. 471 ; LaNGL. fix. 59*, Cxii. 43-; 

anbungrid PR. P. 172. 
&tl-hiimdd,adj., a^'.anhymed; one-hornrti 

' unicornis ; ' ^ anhumde MARH. 7. 
[ftn-hverfed, adj., constant.] 



an-llch. 

■nhwAT&d-Uk, sb., constant; anwher- 

fedlejcORU. 1 1 134. 
ilBl,stttUsL 
aniente, anieotice, v., O.Fr. anientir, anien- 

tiss- ; annihiiate, Lancl. .fxvii. 385 1 aaiin- 

tiscbin PR.P. 13; anlentlMd (///r.) E. G. 6 ; 

^ enentiiaht. 
a-mmen, v., O.E. animan ; receive, take vp; 

anyineo {imper.) Mat. xxv. sS ; anam (prtl.) 

uoif. I. 239. 
&IUII, \.,~O.H.G. ein6n; unite; onin PR. P. 

365 ; finaf) (pres.) ayenb. 88 ; fined (ppU.) 

Trbv. V. 341 J Ch. C. t. D 1968. 
Onlnge, sb., = O.ti.G. einunga ; unioni 

oninge pr. p. 365 i ayenb. 65 ; Trev. V. 9. 
an-innen, prep., O.f.oninnan; within: icinc 

babb« . . . aninne mine benden Laj. 5617 ; be 

leite al ^t wcl weorpen ^r aninnen 6438. 
anions, see snoiaiu. 
anifl, sb., Fr. anis ; anise, spec. 36. 
a-niSsriflii, v., O.E. ani¥erian,=(7^. emie- 

dem ; abase; ani¥eri [aneo^eri] Laj. 14861 ; 

atte)>ered {pple.) Rob. 317. 
anjc^ni, see waiomtai. 
fin-kflnned, adj., O.E. ancenned ; oniy-6e- 

gotten, Orm. 17003. 
anker, sb., O.E. a.ncoi,—O.I/.G. ancber m., 

from Lot. ancora// anchor. Ha v. 521 ; Will. 

568 i Trist. 366 ; LIDC. M. p. JO ; ankir 

OCTAV. (H.) 433 ; ankerea (pi.) \J^. 25539 : 

ancTcs Alis. 1416 ; dtriv. anoren. 
ankar-mon, sb., anchor-man, 'proreta^ 

FRAC. 2. 
anksr*,3b., (?.£'. ancor; iuh:A(»?V«, Bee. 1155; 

R. R. 634S ; anorea (//.) Langl. prol. A 38 ; 

anlace, sb., a sort 0/ dagger, d. Arth. i 148 ; 

anlas Ch. C. T. A 357 ; aunlai Hay. 3554. 
Atl-Upij, sb., O.E. anlepig, ienlypig ; single, 

sole, Orh. 1 1 ; anicpi Kath. 74 ; anispi La;. 

13359 ; onlepj Hay. 1004 ; ayenb. 13 ; apol. 

'38; onlepi, dpi [anlepi] A. R. 116,366; enlepi, 

enlipi, alpi HOU. 1. 33, 73 ; olupi E. g. 350; 

alpi rel. II. 375 ; leone Alpine [ace.) brofcr 

La). 31 45 1. 

6nUpi-hede, sb., singleness, ayenb. 3I. 
SaM^-li<ib.9,AA.v., singly, alone, misc. 38; 

AYENB. 55. 

ftn-Uoh, adj., O.E. Jin-, x.a\lc,'^M.Du. eenllc ; 
only : min anliche sune Lk. ix. 38 ; in on- 
licbe sludc A.R. 153; SnUohe, (adv.) ayenb. 
365; WiLU 3155; MiRC 656; PL.CR. 534; 
anli Iw. 3744 ; Snlilkaat (luperlal.) A. R. 90. 

an-Uch,adj.,a£.an-,onllc,=Af.A'.(;.anellcb, 
Coth. anaJeiks ; alike, lite. Mat. xviii. 33 ; ^t 
is him anticb AYENB. 1&6; |>et stat make^ ^ane 
|>et bit wel loke^ anlike to ^ angles of hevene 
337 ; alike pr. p. 10; aliohe {adv.), alike Gow. 
I. 368 ; A. P. ii. 1477 ; alle are \k\ alicbe longe 
Lancl. B xvi, 57 ; olike PR. a 7560 ; al it was 



an-Uoh. 



apaineiL 



a; 



him olike lo¥ gen. & ex. 2034 ; Saxons . . . 
hight(e) alle oliche Man. (F.) 41. 
•nlionesse, sb., 0*E. anllcness; likeness^ 
imagif ayenb. 88 ; an-, onlicnesse» onlichnesse 
HOM. I. 59, 95, 233; onlicnesse A. R. 18 ; Orm. 
5056 ; onlicnesse [anlichnisse] L^ HAh 
211 54 ; anlicnisse Mat. xxii. 20. 
an-licnen, v., « M.H.G. anellchen ; resemble^ 
aniikni AYENa loi ; anlikne|> (pres.) 16 ; 
anlioned (pple.) compared^ 61. 

an^-lihteny v., 0.E, onlybtan, - 0,H,G. int- 
liuhten ; enlighten ; onlihteS (fres^ HOM. 
I. 97; onlight {imper.) PS. cxviii. 135; he 
onlihte Davi^es heorte HOM. I. 97. 

&n-mdd, adj., 0,E, ^mdd,^ O./f.G. ein- 
muot; unanimous f HOM. I. loi ; onmod II. 
183. 

finnease, sb., O.E. Anness,'=OM.G. einussa, 
einnissa ; umfy, HOM. 1. 93 ; onnesse a. r. 12. 

aimiversarie, sb., Fr, anniversaire ; anniver- 
sary ; anniversaries (//.) a. r. 22. 

[anoilen, v., OJ*r. enuiler ; anoint with <ril\ 

anoiling sb., anointing, H. s. 844 ; anoilinge 
ayenb. 14. 

anoint, anointing see enoint, enoiritin. 

anoionBy adj., O'.Fr, anoious, anuieus (=en- 
nuieus) ; noxious, Ch. Boet. i. 2 (7) ; anious 
Gaw. 534 ; noious WiCL. I Tim. vi. 9. 

anour, -onren, see honour, -ouren. 

anoume, v., for aoumen; see adomen; 
adorn, WiCL. GEN. xxiv. 47. 
anoumement, sb., ornament, a. p. ii. 1290. 

ftn-rdd, adj., O.E, SUirsed, OM,G einr^t; 
constant, persevering, HOM. I. 115. 

ftnrftd-liohe, 2Ldv,, persistently, HOM. II. 61. 
ftnrMnesse, sb., 0,E, Slnraedness; con- 
stancy^ HOM. 1. 107 ; an-, onrednesse A. R. 12. 
an-seohen, v., O.E, onsecan ; attack ; on- 



■Sken (pres,) gen. & ex. 851; onsdhte 
(pret.) Laj. 5657. 

ansel, anser, sb., a sort of balance ; aunsel, 
auncel, aunser, auncer Langl. A v. 132, 
^v. 218, Cvii. 224. 

an-8ene» sb., 0,E. an-, onslon, -slen, -syn, 
= (P.Zr.(?. asiun ; countenance ; onsene ^ fades* 
frag. 2 ; HOM. 1. 191 ; o. & N. 1706 ; lansine 
LEECHD. III. 132; ansiene *aspectus' Mat. 
xxxviii. 3. 

an-sine, sb., 0,E. an-, onsyn; f swoon; as 
povre wif ^zx falle|> in ansin^ an. lit. 10. 

an'-8tanden, v., O.E, andstandan ; resist : 
a^en ^ Deneis to anstond(e) Rob. 267. 

ftn-standende, pple., standing alone, hom. 
I. 221. 

ant, see and. 

ante, sb., O.Fr. ante, from Lat. amita ; aunt; 
annte Rob. 37 ; Langl. ^ v. 153. 

antefhe, sb., 0.E, Sintefn, from med,Lat. anti- 
phooa ; anthem, a. r. 34 ; antein P. L. S. ix. 185. 



antiorist, sb., antichrist, PR. c 4065. 
antiphoner, sb., 0,Fr. antiphonier; anti- 

phaner, voc. 230 ; Ch. C. t. B 1709. 
antre, see aventOre. 
an-ufen, adv., O.E. onufan ; above ; anufene 

Lta. 16432 ; onufen Lk. xi. 44 ; onuven A. R. 

230 ; Jul. 53 ; anovcn Horn (L.) 624 ; p. s. 

188. 
anuven-an, prep. & adv., on from above, 

{ffor uvcnan), Laj. 15493; anovenon Fl, & 

Bu (H.) 643. 
anufbn-ward, adv. & prep., towards the top 

(of), P. L. s. xiii. 341 ; Fer. 622 ; }»a com se 

nr onufenweard }K>ne stepel Sax. chr. 249. 
anid, sb., 0,Fr. anui, anoi {see ennui) ; an- 
noyance, trouble, A. R. 94 ; anoi ayenb. 267 ; 

nui c L. 442. 
antden, v., OJ^r. anoicr,-»cnnoicr, ennuier; 

annoy ; anuie Hay. 173J ; anoic Shor. 36 ; 

anoie, noieWiCL. EX. xxii. 22; anided (pple.) 

La). 2259* ; Bek. 1001. 
anunoiaoioun; sb., annunciation,TKEy Mill. 

351- 
an-nnder, prep., under, hom. I. 193 ; misc. 

44 ; REL. 1. 48 ; A. p. i. 1080 ; )»at alie anunder 

him were Brd. i ; anunder bis spec. 35 ; 

anonder Horn (L.) 567; anondir OCTOV. 

(W.) 550. 
an-uppen, prep., O.E. onuppan ; upon, hom. 

II. 107 ; )« he onuppen fal>S Mat. xxi. 44 ; 

anuppon, onuppen, anuppe hom. 1. 3, 43, 133 ; 

anuppe )>isse dune MISC. 85 ; anoppe La). 

1916*. 
an^ri, see honouren. 
anvenime, see envenime. 
an-wald, sb., 0.E, an-, on weald, - OJI.G, 

anawalt ; power, dominion ; anwalde, on walde 

(dat.) Laj. 8456, 13950 ; whaet heo hsefden on 

anwolde 13182 ; under mire onwalde hom. I. 

13; of deofles onwalde 15. 
au-weald, adj., O.E. onweald; powerful; 

anwealda gastes hom. 1. 219. 
an-wende, v., O.E, onwendan; avertp La^. 

31438- 

&n-, on-wil, adj., obitincUe, a. r. 56, 400. 
&n-wille, adj., O.E. ^nwille,^ O.H,G, einwilli ; 

onwille ' obstinatus * frag. 5. 
an-wiSre, prep., against : yt wind him com 

onwi^ere [onwibere] Laj. 2884 ; have? ))eos 

wind & )>eos weaer awi15er [awi^r] him istonde 

12060. 
anxum, see angaum. 
aonren, v., O.Fr, aourer; adore; aourede 

(pret,) P. L. S. xix. 32. 
aoumen, see adomen. 
apaie, v., O.Fr, apaier; satisfy, appease, 

HiCKES I. 228; apaied (pple,) Rob. 117; 

Will, 1883; Langl. ^vi. no. 
apainen, v., 0,Fr, apainer ; pain : him 

apaine]> (pres,) mani a screwe Shor. 146. 



38 



apaisen. 



ftpoisen, v., 0:Fr. apaisier ; appease ; kpoi- 

sede [pret.) Ch. Boet. iv, 7 (148). 
Ape, sb., O.E. apa,- OJV. api, O.H.G. affo; 

ape, voc, 188 i A. R. 248 ; O. & N. 1325. 
&pA-irarde, sh., ape keeper, Lancl.£v.640. 
&pe-irai«, sb^ counterfeit wares, A. R. 346. 
apeche, v., O.Fr. empecher, Lai. impedicare ; 

hinders impeach, SACR. 303 ; ftpfiohed (Pple.) 

SUOR. 38. 
apSoboor, sb^ ivtpeadier, pr. p. I3. 
apeiren, w« «mp«lr«a. 
apel, ih.;O.Fr. apel ; appeal, peal, ' appeUa/ic, 

classicum,' PR. P. 13, 13; ROB. 473; REL. 

11. 337 ; LaMGL. £7 XX. 284. 
apdlin, v., O.Fr. apeler; appeal; appelin 

'appe/lo' PR. P. 13; appele P. R. L. P. 157; 

apAllden [pret.) WiCL. I Macc. x. 64. 
aperoeive, v., O.Fr. apcrcevoir ; perceive, Ch. 

ASi'R. ii. 35 ; aparoelTa^ (pres.) avenb. 57. 
ap6Teii| v., O.Fr. aparoir; appear; apeeren 

LanGL. .i4tii. io9;apereREL.II. 338; appere 

Ch. C. T. -42346; PR. C. 5343; ap^Tode, 

apieredc (pre/.) MISC. 36, a?, 
apert, adj., O.Fr. apert ; i^rt, epen, mani/est, 

ROB.501; AyENB.3o3; ALIS.3450; U.T.70; 

PR. C '4490. 
aperl-lXohe, adv., apertly, Rob. 375 ; JOS. 

a76; ap«nli Will. 4706. 
apointea, v., O.Fr. apointer ; appoint ; apoint 

Cow. II. 151; apolntad {ppU.) Gow. II. 

365. 
apoifloaen, see enpoisonea. 
Bpoet6te.sb.,0./^r. apostate; apostate, K-iiOAi. 

19- 
apostel, sb., 0£. apostol, O.Fr. apostle, Lai. 

apostolus; atostle, WiVL. I. 41 ; ayenb. 41; 

apoatlM {pi.) HOH. I. 75 ; apottle (gen. pi.) 

Mat. X. 3 ; apostlene Shor. SI. 
apoBtem, sb., O.Fr. aposteme, apostume, Gr. 

inrooTfifia; impostkume, CATH. 11; apostim, 

apostume pr. p. 13; apoatimB (pi.) PR. c 

a99S- 
apofltolie, sb., OJ^r. aposlolie, apostoile; 

pope ; ban holi appostolie [see. text pope) 

LA3. 29614; apostoill Man. (H.) 130, 
apoteoarie, sb., O.i^r.apolecaire; apothecary; 

apotoaarisB (pi.) Ch. C. t. A 435 ; Mand. 

51- 
appallen, v., fO./v-.apallir,mi7i/.£'R^, appal; 

grow or make pale or feeble; appalla)i 

(pres.) Shor. 91 ; apall«l [.pple.) Ch. C. t. 

A 3053- 
appareil, sb,, O.Fr. appareil; preparation, 

apparatus, apparel, WiCL. I Macc. ix. 35 ; 

appaiail Man. (F.) 657. 
appareilen, v., O.Fr. apareiller ; prepare, fU 

out, apparel; apparaile, apparaille Langl. 

Ail- 148; aparallde (pret.) Will. 1146; 

apanilad (pple.) Hisc 36, 



appel, sb., 0£. xppel, iepl, m. n^— OJ^ris. 
appcl, O.H.G. aphol m., OJf. epli n., Ir. 
abhal, ubhal, Gael, ubbol, Welsh afal; 
^le, Oru. 8118 ; o. & N. 135 ; TREAT. 133 ; 
)ien appel R. S. vii ; H. H. 10 ; appel of the 
eie VOC. 145 ; eppel HOU. I. 35 ; ayenb. 84 ; 
)>es eppel A. R. ja ; apple (deU.) uou. I. 133 ; 
of )/&i eppie A. R. 66 ; apples (pi.) CEN. & 

EX.1139; SPEC 35; XppleLEECHD.IIl.Il8; 

appten ROB. 383 ; applen (dot. pi.) P. U S. 
XXI ii. 78. 
appul-^erd, sb., apple-yard, PR. p. 13. 
appul-hord, sb., stock of apples, PR. P. 13. 
appul-mfia, sb., - M. H. G. apfelmuos ; 
slewed apples, 'pemacium,' PR. P. I3. 
appnl-aaller, sb., PR. P. 13. 
appel-trS,- sb., apple-tree, H. H. 93 (95). 
npd-tOn, sb., 'pomarium,' frag. 4. 
appenden, v., O.Fr. apendre; appertain, be- 
long i- app«iidBt> (pres.) Lancl. A\, 43; 
appenditb Ch. C. t. /1024; apendei Gaw. 
633. 

appertaaannce, sb., O.Fr. apertenance ; ap- 
purtenance, Alis. 1839. 
appertenent, adj., appertinent, Cu. C. T. 
£1010. 
appertienou, v., O.Fr. aperteair; appertain, 
Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (73). 
appetit, sb., O.Fr. appetit, apetit ; appetite, 

CH. C.T. i?I3l8. 

applien, v., O.Fr. aplier; apply, Ch. Boet. 

V. 4 (161} ; applie lud. Cov. 34. 
aprantiB, sb., O.Fr. aprentis; apprentice, 

Lanol. Civ. 181; prentis^iii. ai8;«prentl« 

(//.) WiCL. E. w. 1.382. 
aprdchen, v., O.Fr. aprocher ; abroach, 

Ch. Boet. i. 1 (6) ; aprdchi p. l. s. xxi. 1 16. 
aproprien, v., O.Fr. aproprier ; appropriaSe ; 

apropred (pple.) AVENa 40; appropried 

PR. c 9346. 
aprdve, v., O.Fr. aprover; approve, Am. & 

AmiL. 803; Kprbvai, appreoved (pple.) 

Trev. 111. 265 ; appreved CH. L. G. w. 31. 
apte, adj., Fr. apte ; apt. Pall. iii. 858 ; apt 

S.A.L.68. 

agTelntaDCa, see aoolntanoe. 

aq.v6re, v., O.Fr. aqverre ; acquire; acqwere 

s. S. (Wr.) 1081. 
aqvitanoe, acqyitanoe, sb., OJ^r. acqvit* 

ance; acquittance, LANCL. Btom. 189; CH. 

C. T. .^ 441 1 . 
aqvite, v., O.Fr. aqviter j acquit, R. R. 6743 ; 

aqvitii AYENB. 137 ; acwiten A. R. 124. 
ar, sb., OJ^. 6r n.; scar, ' cicatrix,' Halliw, 

77 ; arre WicL. lev. xxii. 22 ; an erre (ms. a 

nerre) Voc. 309 ; errea (//.) PR. a 5327. 
ix,seeix and dr. 



Arabiss. 



a-redden. 



29 



ArabisSy sb., 0,Fr. Arabis, Arabit, Arabi; 
Araby HOM. I. 5. 

arAoOy v., OJ^r. esracier, Lot, exradicare ; pull 
up by the roots, tear away, Ch. C. T. £ 1 103 ; 
ari^ohed (pple.) Shor. 156. 

a-raohen, v., 0.E, arsecan, «> 0,H,G, errei* 
chen ; reach ; arechin ' aitingo * PR. p. 14 ; 
arechen, areachen A. R. 128, 166 ; areachen 
to \^ heovene Marh. 12; areche Horn (L.) 
1220 ; p. L. s. XX. 94 ; Shor. 154 ; Gow. I. 
1 50 ; WiCL. John xiii. 26 ; al )>at his ax areche 
might Rich. 7039; ariehte [arahte] (pret) 
La). 10539 ; to Daris . . . twenti pund he 
ara3te rL. & Bl. 812; stume strokes that 
arahte HALLlw.77 ; arft}t (pple.) Fl. & Bl. 
687 ; o best him was arau3t {ffor atrau^t) 
S. s. (Web.) 895. 

a-rsDcLeiiy v., 0£. arsedan, ^ O.H,G. irrSten ; 
conjecture, interpret, explain*, aredan HOM. 
I. 121 ; of whiche no man ne cou^ areden 
\t, nombre Alis. 51 15; arede Misc 45; 
Gow. I. 24; hi )>at arede)> (pres.) )»ise re- 
deles Shor. 24; ardde {imper,) Wicl. 
Mat. xxvi. 68 ; ar&d {pret,), be sweven . . . 
)at Daniel an one arad Gow. I. 25. 

a-raren[arere]) v., O, E. araeran ; rear up, raise 
up, La^. 2023 ; areran ane buruh HOM. I. 93 ; 
)«t heo muhten ^ deade arearen vrom dea¥e 
to live A. R. 390 ; arere Bek. 901 ; Trist. 
2834 ; OCTOV. (W.) 21 ; LUD. Cov. 1 32 ; arere 
^t heved ayenb. 31 ; arfire)> (jpres^ frag. 7 ; 
ardr (imper.) HOM. I. 211; ardrde {pret,) 
La^. 14229; arearde Kath. 1043; )^eo )yat 
• . . uvele lawe arerde misc. 64; ardred 
(PPle.) Rob. 7; he hedde arered and imad 
manie werren ayenb. 239; ^ rode is up 
arered SPEC 85. 

arainen, v., O.Fr., arainier, araigner; ar- 
raign ; areine P. L. s. xxv. 85 ; arene L. H. R. 
147 ; areined {pret.) Trev. IV. 303. 

aranie, eranie, sb., OJ*'r, araigne; spider, 
^araneai PR. p. 14, 140. 

a-r&ten, v., reprove, Langl. ^ xi. 98 ; re- 
buked and arated xiv. 163. 

arber, sb.,-"herber; arbour \ in \t, garden 
. . . was an arber fair and grene and in ^ 
arber was a tre SQ. L. deg. 28. 

arbitreSy sb., arbitress, ayenb. 154. 

arbitronTy sb., arbitrator ; arbitroiiris (//.) 
Wicl. 3 Esdr. viii. 26. 

arblaste, sb., (^.Fr.arbaleste, Lat, arcubalista; 
arbalast, RoB. 377 ; arblaste, ^blast AYENB. 
47, 71 ; arblast RICH. 1867. 

arblaatery sb.y 0,Fr. arbalestier; arbal<ister\ 
arblasters (//.) r. r. 4196. 

arOy sb., 0,Fr. arc, arche ; arc, arch ; ark Ch. 
C.T.J? 1795; arche Trey. I. 215; arches 
(^.)LEa 157. 

archangel, sb., LcU. archangelus ; archangel, 
HOM. 1. 41. 

arohe^ ue arke. 



arohebiflohopy sb., 0£. arcebiscop, Lot. ar- 
chiepiscopus ; archbishop, Bek. 493 ; aerche- 
biscop Laj. 12636; erchebischop Man. (F.) 
6873. 

aroheblflohop-riohe, sb., archbishopric, 
p. L. S. xiii. 71. 

«rohebi80oi>-8tol, sb., see of an 'archbishop, 
La^ 12657. 

arohedekne, erohedekne, sb., O.E. arce- 
diacon, Lat, archidiaconus ; archdeacon, CH. 
C. T. D 1302 ; arcedekne Bek. 170. 

archer, sb., OJ*'r. archier; archer, LEG. 220; 
AYENB. 45 ; archer, archier Ch. C. T. ^ 1929 ; 
arohirs {pL) Rob. 199. 

archerie, sb., archery, lud. Cov, 44 ; pr. p. 

14. 
architriclin, sb., O.Fr, architriclin, Lai. ar- 

chitricllnus ; ruler of the feast {often mistaken 

for a proper name). Misc. 29; Wicl. John 

ii.8. 

ardaiint, adj., Fr, ardent ; ardent, Ch. Boet. 
iii. 12 (ic6). 

are, sb., O.E, %xf,^0,N. 5r ; oar, Flor. 1878; 
Trist. 366; ore pr. p. 368; Hay. 1871 ; 
Will. 2754 ; s. s. (Wr.) 3153. 
&re-hole, sb., oar-hole, voc 239. 

ftre, sb., - O.E. ar, OJV. aera, O.L,G., O.H.G. 
€ra, 0,Fris, ere ; honour,grace, mercy, m.T. 38 ; 
are & milce Orm. 1476; ))in are {ms. }>i nare) 
Trist. 2135 ; in menske and are CM. 424; ; 
swa bide ich godes are [ore] Laj. 2972 ; he 
dude mare to Peteres are 31956 (miswritten 
aere 5336) ; crie him ^eome J)cr of merci & ore 
[are] A. R. 136 ; ore frag. 8 ; o. & N. 886 ; 
Hay. 211; Rob. 340; Tor. 916; m. Arth. 
1344 ; bi godes ore Fl. & Bl. 173 ; he jaf alle 
be knijtes ore HoRN (L.) 1509; for to habbo 
|>in(e) ore Bek. 533 ; in goddes ore MiRC 585 ; 
ore, oore Ch. C. t. A 3726 ; aore HOM. I. 187. 

5r-f)Mt, adj., O.E. arfaest ; dutiful, ^pius,' 
FRAG. 3. 

ftre-fiil, adj., O.E. arfuU; merciful, Orm. 
1460. 

ftre*l§8, adj., 0,E, arleas ; merciless, hom. I. 
173; arelies, oreles p. L. s. viii. 100; arelaes 
Orm. 9881 ; orleas frag. 6; oreleas hom. II. 
226. 

ar-wur"5e, adj., 0,E, arwyr^e ; honourable ; 
arwurSore {comp,) Mat. xx. 28. 

ftr-wurSen, v., 0,E, arwur^ian, -wyr^ian, 
-weor¥ian ; honour, Sax. chr. 30. 

ftr-w(u}rtSlioe, adv., honourably, HOM. I.229. 
a-recchen» v., 0,E. areccan, = O.H.G. irrec- 
chan ; explain, expound, enounce, LA3. 28097 ; 
areche us }>is bispel Mat. xv. 15; bis sweven 
(heo) arflBhten 25629 ; araht (pple.) Marh. 
I ; aroujt Halliw. 86. 

a-redden, v., O.E, ahreddan,= O.H,G. ar- 
rettan ; deliver, save, Laj. 26909 ; A. R. 390 ; 
aredde Fl. & Bl. 689; M. T. 97; arudd" 
HOM. I. 253; Kath. 1142; aruda {imp^ 



30 



a-rdde. 



Marh. 6; ftrodae (su6j.) o. & n. 1569; 

arsdda {;V-rf.)HOK. I. 87; II. 33; Laj. 831; 

ared {ppu^ a. r. 392 ; misc. 86. 
a-r6d6, v., fO.E. aredian ; reach, kit: wham 

he mai with \e hache arede Fer. 1706. 
a-rede, v., O.E. arxdan; read, LA). 33719; 

Aus.' (Sk.) 573. 
a-reimen, v., rescue, redeem : )«( is ure raun- 

sun )>et we schulen areimen us mide a. R. 



v^ raiie; areise Will. 4341 

areiald \pple.) Wicu John iii. 14. 
&fon,v., 0.£.firian,- O.H.G.itKa,O.N.xn. 

show meriy, Orm. 1462. 
ftrende, see Arende. 
a-rdosen, v., O.E. ahreosan ; rush upon ; 

anuran {prel.pl.) Mat. vii. 37. 
a-rfiowen, v., f/or je-hrSowsn; commiserate, 

repent ; arewen P. s. 340 ; hit shal him 

never )>enne arewe has. 15; me arSowet! 

|)i sar Jul. 3S; **«owo {subj.) k. r. 66; )« 

deore drihtin BrSaw us Kath. 1379; arcu 

H. H. 39. 
a-repen, v., touch : ^t beo muwen arepen & 

arechen a. r. 138 ; areppen La}. 36034. 
arerage, sb., 0. Fr. arrerage, arrierage ; 

arrearage, Langl. C x. 274 ; airerage, 

arerage Ch. C. t. A doi. 
arere, adv., O.Fr. arere ; backwards, Gow. 

I. 315 ; LaNGL. ^ V. 198; airere Jv, 3S4. 
a-resieo, v., O.E. ahrysian ; shake, totter i fie 

tre areaad* as hit wold {alle S. s. (Web.) 915. 
aresonen, v., O J^r. araisoner ; call to account; 

aresone)) [pres.) r. R.6320; axtmim»Aa{firet.) 

uisc 35 ; arMoned (Ppie.) pr. c. 2460. 
ftrest, see Areat. 
areat, sb., O.Fr. arest; arrest, Ch. C. t. 

£1383. 
areste. v., O.Fr.8.nstti; arrest, Trev.VIII. 

383 ; Ch. C. T, a 827; D. ARTH. 633. 
arettan, v., esteem, account, Ch. Boet. ii. 4 

(40} ; arette Wicl. lev. xi. 4. 
ftre-thede, sb.,>r Ar-J>e<ide;/A>f»jli of long 

ago, IsUM. vi ; artbede Degr. 7. 
arewe, see arwe. arf, see erfe. 
arfo)>, see earfe)>. 
arj, adj., O.E. earg, carh,= O.Fris. are, erg, 

O.N. argr, O.ht.G. arg ; cowardly, idle, bad, 

ar^ Gaw. 241 ; arh hom. 1. 377 ; esrjb La). 

4336 ; smu 3455 ; arej, arch O. & N. 407 ; 

area 1498 ; am [arwe] as an hare Rob. 457 ; 

arwe, arwhe 'timidus, pavidus' PR. P. 14; 

arwe Aus. 3340; crah [arch] a. R. 274 ; fie 

arege, nrewe, erewe rel. I. 176 (misc. 116, 

117) ; apje, serwe {pi.) P. L. s. viii. 10; er3e 

HOM. I. 161; erewe MISC. 58; arwe Rich. 

3821; arwe men and keneHAV.anS; ar3(e) 

(adv.) Skor. 33 ; nrheat {superl.) Laj. 21733. 
arh-hSde, sb., cowariUce, kiisc 74. 
nrh-BoIpe, sb., cowardice, LA3, 12411. 



ai^buesse HpCCL. i. 435. 
arjien, v., cf. M.Du., M.H.G. argen ; mahe or 

•grow cowardly or bad: bet cower beorte 

er^iaa [pres.) swilfe hom. 1. 13; me 81303 <rf 

mi selfe Alex. 537 ; ai^e {pres. subj.) Gaw. 

3301 ; aned {pret.) a. p. ii. 57a ; ^t argbede 

aUe ^t }«r ware Perc. 69; fiou . . . bast 

arwod meni hardi men Lakgl. Civ. 237, 
argoile, sb., dregi of wine, CH. C. t. G81J, 
a^Be, sb., 0£. yrg«, - O.H.G. a^da; 

cowardice, sloth; srtn^ [arh|>e] I.A3. 33546; 

arejfie, areb}« O. & n. 404. 
argnen, argue, v., Fr. ai^guer ; argue, Langl. 

A xi. 130 ; aigu convict apol. 31. 
arpure, sb., arguer; argOeraB {pi.) Langl. 

Bx. 116. 
a^ament, sb., Fr. argument; argument, 

Shor. 143. 
arguinentea, v., Fr. argumenter ; argue, 

reason, Gow. I. 16. 
arh, see ar;. 
a-Pihten, v.,-OJf.G. amchtan; raise up: 

such gestening he aright (tSr^/.) TOR. 1566; 

arlht {p^le.) P. S. 325. 
a-rimen, v., O.E. ariman ; number : ^ lette 

t; kaiserc arimen {sec. text telle) al |«ene here 
Aj. 25393 J arimed {ppie.) 28937. 
fc'-rinen, v., O.E. onhnnan, ahrtnan, - O.L.G. 
anthrlnan ; touch : he seal . . . metes ne arinan 
HOM, I. 115 ; arineV (pres.) a. R.408 ; arAn 
Marh. 20. 
a-nsen, v., O.E. artsan, - O.L.G. arlsan, 
O.H.G. arrlsan, Gotk. lureisan ; arise, HOM. 
I. 141 ; Laj. 1348; a. r. 334; up arise Bek. 
1395; til fie Sonne gaa arise Ch. C. T. 
5791 ; arirt {pres.) o. & n. 1 397 ; Alis. 5458 ; 
arU (imper.) hom. I. 45 ; arlsefi MISC. 43 ; 
arAe (pret.) hom, I. 91 ; Kath. 337 ; aras, 
aros La;. 404, 11476; arosBEK.451; AVENa 
173; hearosofdea¥e HOM. 11.23; ()"") arise 
Jul. 63 ; (heo) arlMn {pret. pi.) Laj. 1983 ; 
hi arise Brd. 10; arlao {pret. subj.) Laj. 
3598S ; ariaen {pple.) C l. 1430 ; k. T, 443 ; 
arise Will. 1397. 

aiisiiige, sb., arising, ayenb, 13. 

arisnaaM, sb., state of being risen, REL. I. 

383. 

tr-tix^.,%h.,O.E.S:THX,cf.Gotk.mnalsf.j-risit^, 
arising; artste Mat. xxii. 33; hom, L 87;' 
A, R. 258 ; JUL, 62 ; Krist Orm. 16136; arist 
Gow. I. 320 ; Aristea {gen.) HOM. L 229 ; at 
the Sonne Arlste CH. A5TR, ii, 13; on f^am 
serisie Mk, xii, 23, 

arke, sb., O.E. earq - Goth, arka, O.Fris. erka, 
O.N. 6rk, O./I.C. archa, y^ow Lat. area ; art, 
' area,' VOC, 199; Orm. 1690; Man.(H.) 136; 
in arke or in kiste Hav, 2018 i arche Laj. 
8965 ; A. R. 334 ; GEN. & EX. 561. 

arm, see earm. 

armee, sb., 0~Fr. armee ; army, CH. C. t. .<4 6a 



armoii* 



a-Bohamien. 



31 



armexii v., OJ^r. armer ; arm^ Man. (F.) 1 174» 

armi (lyt^.aermi) La^. 15313; arme ROB. 63; 

armeo (pres,) A. R. 26a ; anne)y ayenb. hi ; 

armede (/fv/.) LA3. 8655*; iarmed (ppie.) 

Horn (L.) 121 5. 
armeSy sb. pi., O.Fr, annes,/rom Lot, arma; 
arms J A. R. 60 ; Hav. 2925 ; Roa 63 ; ayenb. 

170. 
armj'et set earmtSe. 
armiirey sb., Fr. zxm>xn^from Lai. amiatura ; 

armoury AYENB. 170; Will. 3769; armure, 

armoure PR. P. 14 ; armure, armour Rob. 139, 

402; armour Man. (F.) 5 117. 
armurer, sb., Fr, armurier; ar»torer; ar- 

muren (//.) Ch. C. t. A 2507. 

armurie, sb., armour, Man. (H.) 194 ; 
amiorleB (//.) armed farus Triam. 49. 

am, 1// earn. 

amementy sb., 0,Fr. arrement; inky Aus. 
6418 ; S. S. (Web.) 2776. 

aromat, sb., Fr, aromate; aroma, L. H. R. 
224 ; aromaB (//.) a. r. 372. 

aromatik, adj., aromatic, Mand. 174. 

arouten^v.,/0./^r. arouter; f send away \ )k>u 
sbelt her to aroute Halliw. 86; arouUd 
(PPle.) DEP. R. iii. 221. 

arrai, sb., 0»Fr, arrei, arroi; array, arai 
Ch. C. t. Z>927 ; Mand. 252 ; Will. 1597. 

arraie, v., 0,Fr, arreier, arrcer; array, Ch. 
C. T. B 1202 ; araie Will. 3561 ; araie)> (pres,) 
Shor. 108 ; arraie (imper,) Mand. 214. 

arre, see under &rer. 

arren, see irren. 

arriyailBi sb., arrival, Gow. II. 4. 

arrive, v., 0,Fr, arriver; arrive, Mand. 31 ; 
arive Brd. ii ; arived (ppie,) La^. 16063. 

arrive, sb. [/ mistake for armee] : at manie a 
nobil arive [v. r. armee] hadde he be Ch. C. 
T. .4 6o. 

arroganoe, sb., arrogance, ^yenb. 21; Ch. 

C. T. Z>1112. 

arrog^ant, adj., O.Fr. arrogant; arrogant, 
Ch. C. t. 7396. 

are, sb., 0.E, tzxs,— 0,Fri5, ers, 0,H,G, ars, 
0,N, ars, rass ; on^, hinder parts, * anus! voc 
179 ; PR. P. 14 ;" TowNL. 9 ; ers, ars Langl. 
B V. 175; ers VOC 208 ; P. S. 153 ; Trev. V. 
171 ; Ch. C. t. A 3734. 

ara-rop, sb., WiCL. i kings v. 9 ; ar8-)>arm 
(ms, hars)yarme), voc. 186 ; the lower bowel, 

ara-wiap, sb., ' manpirium^ voc 179 ; ' ani- 
tergiumi PR. P. 14. 

arametike, sb., O.Fr, arismetique ; arithmetic, 
GEN. & EX. 792 ; arsmetrike P. L. s. xvii. 224. 

areonn, sb., Fr, ar9on; saddle- bow, saddle, 
ALIS.4251 ; B. DISC 1 172; his arsouns weren 
off iren Rich. 5539. 

arat, see Areet. 

azstable, sb., f astrolabe, Alis. 287. 



art, sb., Fr. art; art, Rob. 145; ayenb. 65; 

are (pi,) Aus. 665. 
arten, v., Lat. artire ; confine, restrain, press, 

Ch. Tro. i. 388 ; artin ^arto^ PR. P. 14; arte 

Hoccl. iv. 8. 

article, sb., Fr, article; article, ayenb. 12; 
artioles (//.) a. r. 262. 

artifloial, adj., 0,Fr, artificial ; artificial, Ch. 
C. T. ^ 2. 

am, see ar^. arveS, see earfbS. 

arwe, sb., 0£, earh, (dcd, pi, arewan), » 0,N, 
6r ( pL) 6rvar/.y arrow, GEN. & EX. 478 ; arwe 
AYENB. 66 ; Ch. C. t. E 1673 ; s. & c I.^ 
XXXV ; on arwe [arewe] La^. 2476; an are we ^ 
Jul. 72 ; arewe Brd. 15 ; Will. 885 ; earewc 
A. R. 60 ; arewan (//.) Alis. 5283 ; arewen, 
arwen [arewe] La^. 5510, 12576; earewen A. 
R. 60; H. M. 15 ; arwes Mand. 190. 

arwe, arwien, see ar^, ar^ian. 

as, see al swa uruler aJ. as, see es. 

fts, aas, sb., Fr,^ Lat. ^ ; ace, Ch. C. t. ^385 i . 

[fts, sb., OM, 2ls8, >- Goth, ans (doxdr) ; plank ; 
comp, bdt-, wind-fte.] 

a-sadien, v., «= M.H,G. ersatten ; satiate ; 
asad (pple.) rel. I. 122; P. s. 212. 

fuailen, assailen, v., OF'r. assaillir ; iusail, 
A. 'R. 246, 362 ; asail^e H. M. 47 ; assaille 
Horn (L.) 637 ; a8aile)> (pres.) ayenb. 17 ; 
asailled (pple.) Shor. 141. 

a'-B^ken, v., 0,E. an-, onsacan, — O.L.G. 
antsacan, O.N. andsaka ; deny, renounce : 
bute hi here la^e aaoke Horn (L.) 65. 

asanmple, sb., 0,Fr, esample ; example, a. r. 
112. 

asaut, sb., 0,Fr, assaut, asalt ; assault, RoB. 
175 ; assauz (//.) a. r. 196. 

ascance, adv., as it were, as though, Ch. C. 
T. D 1745 ; askauns Lidg. m. p. 35 ; ascamices 
Ch. Tro. i. 292. 

ascapie, see escapen. 

aacenden, v., 0,Fr, ascendre ; cucend-, aa- 
oendid (pple,) WiCL. John xx. 17. 

ascensioiin, sb., O.Fr, ascension ; ascension, 
Shor. 126. 

aaoh, sb., 0.E, aesc,-" O.H,G. asc, asch, OJf, 
askr m., MJhi. esch, M,H,G. esche/y cuh 
(-tree), voc. 162 ; P. L. s. xiii. 171 ; Ch. C. T. 
^2922; asche voc 181; lai le fr. 168; 
Man. (F.) 12438 ; asche, esche PR. p. 15, 143. 

e8oh-kdi(e), sb., ash-key^ PR. P. 143. 

eaoh-trd, sb., (uh-tree, voc. 228. 

a-sch&ken, v., O, E. asceacan ; shake off; 

asoakeS l^set dust of eowren foten Mat. x. 

14 ; ser )7e dai weore al asceken [asake] La^ 

19154. 
a-sch&mien, v., O. E. ascamian ; make 

ashamed, put to shame ; aechrtmed (Pple.) 

LEG. 70; Will. 1035; s. s. (Wr.) 2314; 
i Alis. 3309; aschomed chr. £. 864. 



3^ 



a-soheden. 



a^slakien. 



a-soheden, v., ^O.H.G. erscuttan; shed; 

asced {pple.) hom. I. 127. 
asohe, sb., 0,E.y asce, aesce, axe,— O.H.G, 

asca, ascha, asche, asga, Goih, azgo, 0,N, 

aska ; ashes ; ashe Gow. III. 345 ; aske, asche 

*dnis^ PR. P. 15 ; aische, aske WiCL. GEN. 

xviii. *27 ; esche Shor. 107 ; axe Misa 78 ; 

asse Halliw. 95 ; esse ayenb. 137 ; pale as 

ashe [aische, aschen] colde Ch. C. t. A 1364 ; 

esoan (daL) Lk. x. 13 ; asken (//.) A. R. 214 ; 

Hav. 2841 ; asshen hom. II.65 ; askes Langl. 

B iii. 97 ; Orm. iooi ; askes, axes Trev. V. 

167, VII. 5; asches Mand. 107; axen La^. 

25989 ; P. s. 203 ; (ms, acxen) HOM. II. 95. 

aske-baSie, sb., one who siis in the ashes^ 
a. p. 214. 

aske-fise, sb., = Swed, askeffs (RiETZ 139) ; 
one who blows the ashes, * cinifloi PR. P. 15. 

ascheler, sb., ashlar, Aud. 78. 

a-fichenden, v., tfor ^eBohenden ; disgrace : 

tit lond he wole aschende Bek. 1354 ; asende 
A^. 18067*; aBsend (///r.) Rob. 263. 

a-schewelen, v., scare away : );ar ich asohS- 
wele [ascheule] pie and crowe O. & N. 16 13. 

aschiy adj., — Ger. aschig ; ashy, Ch. C. T. 
A 2883 ; zski^a'nereus* c\th. 14. 

asohieiiy see askien. 

a-schortieiiy v., 0,E. asceortian; shorten: 
()y)i tunge is ascorted frag. 8. 

a-schrenchen, v., 0,£. ascrencan ; deceive : 
ech o)>ren aschrenchej> Shor. 17 ; ashreint 
{J>ple.) Aus. 4819; ich was aschreint S. S. 
(Web.) 1485. 

a-schiinchen, v., t terrify*, ne mei hit me 

ashunche spec. 38. 
a^-BChunian, v., 0,E, onscunian ; shun ; asch- 

oune (f printed AschonnG) dep. R. ii. 185. 

aaoiif sb., O.Fr. escri; cry, shout; a. p. ii. 
1296 ; askri Gow. II. 386. 

ascrieiiy v., 0,Fr, escrier; cry out. Will. 
3814; aBoried (pret,) A. P. iii. 195. 

a-BOiiren, v., -= *askerren ; f scare, drive away; 
aBcur {imper,) him so scheomeliche A. R. 
296. 

ase, see alswa under aL 

a-searien, v., 0,E, asearian, « 0,H.G, arso- 
ren ; grow dry ; asered {pret,) s. S. (Web.) 606. 

a-Beohen, v., 0,E, asecan; seek out, La^. 
27866. 

as^gen, v., O.Fr. aseger; besiege; aB^ged 
(pret,) Rob. 184; as^ged (pple.) Will. 4224. 

asele, v., O.Fr. enseeler, tned.Lat. insigillare ; 
seal, Langl. A ii. 37 ; asele Alis.'^ (Sk.) 829 ; 
asoled (pple.) misc. 228; Langl. Ciii. 114. 

a-senchexiy v., make to sink ; asenote (pret.) 
Rob. 416 ; azenkte ayenb. 49 ; ure scipen he 
aseingde Laj. 25697 ; asenchtest Jul. 33 ; al 
here atil and tresour was al so aseint Rob. 

51. 
a-senden, v.; 0»E. zsendan,^ MJi,G. ersen- 



den ; send out, hom. L 91 ; aBonde (Pret.) 
HOM. I. 225. 

aserohen, see enBerohen. 

BBervOf v., f/or deBorve : L. H. R. T47. 

a-setten, v., O.E. asettan; appoint; aaet 
(Pres.) ayenb. 140; on aBOtte pple, tidan 
HOM. I. 115. 

Asie, pr. n., Asia, Marh. 2. 

a-a^en, v., O.E. aslgan ; sink, fall ; asicn 
MISC. 90 ; aBih (pret.) Sax. chr. 249 ; hom. 
II. 109. 

a-smken, y.,^M,H.G. ersinken ; sink down : 
aBinke)> (pres.), bat hi nasinke]) Shor. 136 ; 
aBonken Ipret.) Map 345. 

a-Bitten, v., 0,E. ^s\ti2ca,^ M.H.G. ersitzen; 
sit\ aaet (sec. text sat) ))e kaisere swulc he 
akimed weore La^. 26353. 

aBke, sb., t O.E. 2X>^xt^^ O.H.G. egedehsa; 
lizard; askoB (pi,) arch. LVII. 254; askes 
(/ ms. arskes) and o]>er wormes M. H. 141. 

aBke, see aBohe. 

&8ke, sb., O.E. sesce, — O.H.G. eisca; demand; 
axe La^. 1053. 

aBke-baSie, -fise, see under aBohe. 

&Bkien, &xen [? Axen], v., O.E. ascian, acsian, 
§xian, ahsian, = O.Fris. askia, aschia, O.N. 
sskja, OX.G, escon, O.H.G. eiscon; euk; 
asken A. R. 242 ; c. L. 1023 ; (ms. asskenn) 
Orm. 10278; askin *peto,posco* PR. P. 15; 
aske Aud. 79 ; aske feve Hay. 2952 ; asche 
Egl. 1090 ; ashe Ed. 2775 ; asche, esse ROB. 
16, 374 ; eskien hom. 1. 25 ; asken, axen Ch. 
C. T. i^ioi: axe Ch. d. Bl. 1276; aske, axe 
Langl. A'w. 90; esche misc. 139; axien 
Mat. xxii. 46; axien [axi] La). 7193; acsi, 
oxi AYENB. no, 114 ; axc Gow. I. 47 ; WiCL. 
John i. 19; asse Townl. 58; aBke, axe 
(pres.) Ch. C. t. A 1347 ; ich acsi ^^e a 
qvestioun SHOR. 136; eski Marh. 13; ais- 
chest, aishest, aissest, axest O. & N. 473, 707, 
995 ; oxist P. s. 200 ; acse% A. R. 8 ; nou esche 
we TREAT. 136 ; aske (imper.) H. M. 9 ; esca 
hine hwet he habbe bi^eten hom. I. 35 ; 
askede (pret.) A. R. 66 ; misc. 26 ; GEN. & ex. 
3191 ; askede La^. 29229 ; he axede gavel of 
ban lond 6122 ; heo aexede [axede] aefter 
Brenne 5001 ; askede, aschede ROB. 16, 33 ; 
acsede rel. I. 30; Horn (H.) 43; easkede 
Jul. 15 ; escade hom. I. 43; ]ni askedest O. 
& N. 1310 ; comp. of-askien. 

&8ker, sb., asker, WiCL. Is. ix. 4 ; \e axere, 
(plaintiff) and )>e defendaunt E. G. 361. 

&8kunge, sb., O.E. ascung; asking, A. R. 70 ; 
askinge */^////V7 ' PR. P. 15; ascinge REL. I. 
131 (HOM. II. II); escunge Marh. 16; ac- 
singe AYENB. 209. 

a-BlsBped^ pple., overcome with sleep; heo 
is asleped svif^e Fl. & Bl. 582 ; aslepid 
(^sopitus^) with ful miche drunkenesse WiCL. 
Judith xiii. 4. 

a-Bl4kiexi, v., OJZ, asleacian ; slacken ; aslake 



a-sldan. 



a-stenohen. 



33 



LEG. 137 ; LiDG. M. P. 231 ; Pall. iv. 769 ; 
aaUUd (jres. subj.) aysnb. 253; aaUkad 
{ppie.) TKB^f. III. 143 ; til atte laste aslaked 
was his mood Ch. C. t. A 1760. 
a-Bldaiiy Vi 0£, aslean,»C7./r.C7. arslahan; 
j/oy; as]aen,-slan La^. 22271, 22576; aslen Fl. 
& Bl. 105 ; s. A. L. 15$ ; m15) ipret.) LA3. 
22319 ; aslou) P. L. s. xii. 88 ; (\\x) aslo3e La^. 
24812 ; heo aslo3en [aslowe] 20956 ; aslowe 
ARCH. LI I. 37 ; ada^ (fple.) Horn (L.) 
88 ; asla^e, aslawe FER. 84, 321 ; aslawe 
Rob. 170; Shor. 120; leg. 13; Al. (T.) 
165 ; aslfl^en La). 21892. 

a-aliden, v., 0.E, aslldan ; slide away\ aslide 
Halliw. 93. 

a'-sItL|»pen, v.,— *anslappen, cf,M.H,G. ent* 
slupfen; s6p away, ne miht i him asluppe 
SPEC 38; aalipped {tP^-) ^^ P* >"• ^i^* 

a-smelien, v., smell out: ^ bor hem gan 
ful sone asmcile s. s. (Web.) 891. 

a-anflBsexiy v., OJ?. asnaesan ; strike^ thrust : 

tcne horn bet he aondaeS mide alle \^o \t\, 
a areacheS A. R. 200. 

a-Boftien, v., soften ; asofte Halliw. 94. 

asottiey v., O.Fr. asoter ; become foolish^ HOM. 
1. 17 ; assote Gow. 1. 68 ; aaotid {fple) Fer. 
2007. 

a-spitoien, v., - M.H.G. erspam; spare\ 

aspare Langl. ^xv. 136. 
aspe, sb., 0,E, aespe, aepse,= O.H,G. aspa, 

O.N. asp ; aspen^ voc. 181, 285 ; Ch. C. t. 

A 2921 ; aspe, espe PR. P. 15, 143 ; espe voc. 

228. 

aspect, sb.y aspect^ Ch. C. t. A 1087. 

aspen, adj., >- MJ{,G, espin ; aspen : aspen lef 
Ch.Tro. iii. 1200. 

a-spenden, v., 0.E, aspendan; spend; a- 
■peDen (pres, subj,) hom. I. 123. 

a-speowen, v., spue out; aspSweV (Pres.) 
hom. II. 199. 

aspie, asinen, see spie, spien. 

a-spillen, v., j^'ll, waste, destroy ; aspille O. 

& N. 348 : mi soule to aspille Bek. 1024 ; 

aspiUaS (pres.) hom. 1. 13 ; )>eo ^t forleoseV 

& aspille^ al hore god a. r. 148. 

aspre, adj., O.Fr. aspre ; harsh, cruel, Ch. An. 
23; aspere Ch. Boet. ii. i (32). 

asper-liehe, adv., harshly, Guy 84 ; asperii 
A. P. iii. 373. 

aaprenoMe, sb., harshness, Ch. Boet. iv. 4 
(127). 
asprete, sb., O.Fr. aspret^; asperity, A. R. 354. 

a-springen, v., O.K. aspringan, — O.H.G. 
arspringan ; spring up ; aspringe Shor. 120 ; 
asprang ipret.) hom. I. 227 ; asprungen 
(pple.) Angl. I. 17; asprongun DiGB. 118. 

assai, sb., OJ^'r. essai, Lat. exagium; trialy 
test, P. L. s. XXX. 166 ; Flor. 1500. 

assaien, v., OJ*'r. es-, assaier ; try, test, Langl. 



A iii. 5 ; asaie Will. 3754 ; aaaid (pple.) 
AYENa 117. 

asse, sb., 0.E, assa, cf, O.N. asni/Zo/. asinus ; 
AfjyA. R.32; Shor. 122; MAND.70; anasse 
TREAT. 138; ])ane asse ayenb. 156; aasa 
(^^^•) Langl. B xviii. 1 1 ; asse earen a. r. 
172; was le^ in asse cribbe Orm. 371 i ; an 
asse ban c. M. 7 171 ; assen {ace.) Lk. xiii. 15 ; 
assen (pl.) Alis. 1866 ; assen, asses Ch. C.t. 
Z>285. 

asse, sb., O.E. asse ; she-ass, leg. 7 ; ane asse 

. . . mid hupe colt HOM. 1. 3 ; assen (gen.) Mk. 

xi. 2. 
assemble,Ny., OJ^r. asembler ; assemble, Ch. 

Boet. iii. 7 (80); assemblede (pret.) P. s. 

190 ; asembleden Will. 3815. 

assemble, sb., O.Fr. asemblee; assembly, 
Langl. B prol. 217 ; a. p. i. 759 ; Iw. 19. 

assene, sb., O.JV. asna ; she-ass. Mat. xxi. 2. 

assent, sb., assent, Ch. C. t. AS17 ; asent 

Shor. 57; Will. 1300. 
assenten, v., O.Fr. assentir; assent, Langl. 

C XX. 264 ; assente B iii. 1 13 ; assentede 

(pret.) p. L. s. xxiv. 150. 
assets, sb., O.Fr. assez ; satis/action, Langl. 

B xvii. 237 ; assethe PR. c 3610 ; ase)> WiCL. 

S. w. II. 237. 
assigne, aidgne, v., O.Fr. assegner ; assign, 

Langl. A iv. 109 ; assignede (Pret.) p. l. 

s. xiL 131 ; asegned (pple.) Will. 581. 

assise, sb., O.Fr. assise ; assize, size, s. s. 

(Web.) 2490; Octov. (W.) 81 ; R. r. 1237; 

asise Rob. 53 ; leg. 46 ; Will. 4451. 
assoigne, see essoigne. 
assoilen, v., O.Fr. assoldre, /fom Lat. absol- 

vere ; absolve, pardon; solve, explain ; Langl. 

A PROL. 67 ; asoile MiRC i9iS8 ; asoili ayenb. 

172; absoile Mer. ii ; assoill (pres. subj.) 

Bek. 2027; asoUede (pret.) Roa 476; a- 

soiled (pple.) misc. 32. 

assoinen, v., O.Fr. essoigner ; excuse; asunien, 
asonien, a. r. 64; assoini ayenb. 242; a- 
soinede Rob. 539. 

assompoioiin, sh.,iusumption, Shor. 126. 

assurance, sb., O.Fr. asseurance ; cusurance^ 
Ch. C.T. -^341. 

assure, v., O.Fr. asseurer; assure, Ch. C. 
T. ^ 1231 ; asseChred (pple.) Boet. i. 4 (16). 

a-standen, v., O.E. astandan, «> O.L.G. 
astandan, O.H.G. arstantan ; stand up : );at 
deor up astdd La^. 6495. 

astat, see stat. 

a-stellen, v., O.K. astellan ; constitute, esta^ 
blish \ astalde ipret.) hom. I. 19 ; astalden 
La^ 8960 (misspelt astalleden 8950) ; astald 
(pple^ LA3. 8116 (misspelt astalled 8391). 

a-stenchen, v., = Ger. erstenken ; annoy with 
stench : stute nu . . . to astenchen me wi9 ^ 
stench bet of bi mujS stihe%MARH. 12 ; asteinte 
(/ stinking) noresone Alis. 880. 



34 



a-Bteorven. 



ateL 



a-Bteorven, v., 0J£, asteorfan, •■ 0,H.G, 
arsterban ; dii^ Marh. 12 ; A. R. 326 ; asterve 
Fer. 5058; astonren (ppU.) A. R. 310; 
astorve o. & N. 1200. 

a-steren, v., / O^. astgran ; excite ; astSrde 
(preL) HOM. I. 95 ; )>at he . . . ];e storvene 
astearde {v. r. arearde) Kath. 1043; maHi 
a Sarzin*)yar was astSred Fer. 3899. 

a-sterte, v., start up^ start away^ Langl. 
B-xA, 392; MED. 570; Ch. C. T. ^1595; 
asterte {6ret^ Fer. 1468 ; asturte Misa 42; 

ts eotend up asturte La;. 26045 \ astirte til 
im Hav. 893 ; see ABtsterten. 

a-sterve, v., 0,E. asterfan, astyrfan, >- 
M.H.G, ersterben, tnod^ng. starve; kill^ 
AYENB. 240 ; aaterved {pple^ 24a 

a-sti^en, v., 0,E. astlgan, « O.H.G. erstlgan ; 

ascend^ descend "^ astien MISC 55 ; astie RGB. 

317; astafi^tS ipres,) HGM. II. 107; astAh, 

asteh (pret.) hgm. I. 17, 91 ; asteh II. iii ; 

asteih, astei misc. 53, 55 ; asti^en {pret. pi.) 

La;. 8691 ; a8ti3e \pret. subj,) hgm. I. 227 ; 

a8to;e {ppie.) Fer. 2971. 
astiunge, sb., asceftsiotiy HOM. I. 209. 
astoffbf v., C7.i^r. estottfier; suffocate, jarb. 

XIL 161. 
astonie, v., OJ^r, estoner ; astound^ stun, 

AYENB. 126; astone Ggw. III. 54; astoned 

ippie.) Ch. Trg. i. 274 ; astouned Shgr. 88 ; 

hers and man astuned lai Ar. & Mer. 6297. 

a8t6rexi| see 8t5ren. 

aatrangleny su stranglen. 

a-strecchen, v., O.E. astreccan, >- M.H.G, 
erstrecken; stretch out, extend \ astretchin 
^attingo* PR. p. 16. 

a-strenglny v., strengthen, Roa 180; a- 

streiia)>ed (ppie.) misc 32. 
a8troIabie» sb.,/r.astrolabe,Za/.astrQlabium; 

astroiabe, Ch. astr. prgl. 

astrologiey sb., OJF'r. astrologie; astroiogy, 
Ch. astr. prgl. 

aatrologieny sb., OJ^r. astrologien ; astroioger, 
Ch. astr. prgl. 

astronomer, sb., astronomer, Trev. IV. 209. 

aatronomie, sb., O.Fr. astronomie ; astrono- 
my, PR. P. 16 ; La;. 24298 ; Langl. A x. 
207. 

aetronomien, sb., O.Fr. astronomien ; astro- 
nomer, Ggw. II. 230. 

aatruieny v.,y^r destniien; a8trt!i]> {pres.) 
AYENB. 17; astruid (ppie.) HGM. II. 147. 

astudien, see studien. 

a-«tunten, v., O.E. astyntan {obtundere) ; 
cecue : astunten bore cleppe A. R. 72 ; he nel 
nevereastinterFER. 1842 ; astenteWiLL.1527; 
astunte (pret.) La;. 31891 *; astunte, astinte 
RGB. 128, 546 ; astlnt (ppie.) Map 341. 

a-sttLrien, v., O.E. astyrian ; stir up ; aatl- 
reden (pret.) Mk. xv. ii; astired (ppie.) 
LEECHD. III. 130 ; astured weoren Romweren I 



alle mid sterclichere wrae^e La;. 25329; 
astered Degr. 757 ; cf. astfiren. 

astiry adj., Fr. azur ; azure, Jgs. 195. 

asw&gen, v., O.Fr. assouagier; assuage, 
Langl. A v. 100; aswagi Bek. 1452 ; aswage 
Ch. C. t. B 3834. 

a-Bwebben, v., O.E. aswebban; stupefy: 
astonied and asweved Ch. h. f. 549. 

a-Bwel;en,v., devour; BMwolwe(ppie.) Beves 

786. 
aawelten, v., O.E. asweltan ; faint, die : 

\tX he aswelte {^pres. subj.) wi^nnen a. R. 

216; ]« fuir . . . aswelt (pres.) Aus. 6639 ; 

cnihtes ^r aswalten (Pret.) La^. 27474*. 

a-Bwiken, v., O.E. aswlcan (deceive)', cease, 
fcdi', aswikelSOr^j.) Kath. 2187: asmkeo 

(imper.) La;. 15327 ; aswikie (subj.) Mat. v. 

29 ; aswfio (pret.) LA;. 161 12. 

a-swinden, v., O.E. aswindan, - OJI.G. 
arswintan; vanish, decrease, waste, decay, 
Marh. 13; aswinde Angl. I. 10; g. & N. 
1574; aswint (pres^ La;. 17940; as imet 
sweven aswindetS hire murh^en Jul. 74; 
aswond (Pret.) hgm. I. 133 ; serst aswond 
liat com La;. 31793; aawunden [aswonde] 
(ppie.) La;. I9S991 aswunde G. & N. 1480; 
aswounde L. H. R. 52. 

a-swinken, v., procure by iabour; aswinke 
Bek. 1663. 

a-BWo;en, ppie., O.E. aswogen ; in a swoon ; 
aswo;e Al. (T.) 141 ; he fell aswowe to grounde. 
Launf. 755. 

a-awolkenessey sb., O.E. aswolcenness ; 
sioth, indoience, HGM. I. 83. 

aty conj. & rel. pron., OJV. at; that, s. S. 
(Web.) 3824; M. H. 73; ant. Arth. xiv; 
Tgwnl. 2 ; the beste bodi at thar war Perc. 
150 ; }>at at him fel to knaw(e) PR. C. 171. 

at, see »t. at- (compounds), see sot-. 

ataohe, attache, v., OJ^r. atacher; attach, 
Langl. A ii. 174 ; attached (ppie.) Man. 
(H.) 158. 

ataohementi sb., attachment, £. g. 360. 

aMaken. v., F-oftaken ; take ; atake_BEK. 
1961 ; Ch. C. t. 6^ 556 ; Am. & Amil. 
2070 ; al |)at )>ai atake mi;t(e) Fer. 3128 ; 
shal atake *apprehendet^ WiCL. LEV. xxvi. 
5 ; at5k (pret.) Ar. & Mer. 468. 

a-tastin, v., taste, pr. p. 16 ; ataste (pres. 
subj.) Ch. Boet. ii, i (30). 

fttCy sb., O.E. Slta ; oat ; ote ' avena ' PR. P. 372 ; 

MiRC 1483 ; Map 350 ; oten ((occ.) a. r. 312 ; 

ftten [ote] (//.) La;. 24438; ooten Rich. 

6004 ;, otin VGC. 177 ; oten, otes Langl. A iv. 

45 (5^) ; comp. sfid-ftte. 
atel, adj., O.E. atol, eatol, - O.N. atall ; dread- 
fui, cruet ; atell Orm. 4803 ; atele hurtes hgm. 

I. 275. 
atel-lioh, adj., O.E. ate(l)lTc ; cruet ; atelich 

A. R. 6 ; misc. 183 ; Map 343 ; in ateliche 



a-telleiL 

(ms. atteliche) pole La^ 21748; mid (nne 
ateliche sweore O. & N. 11 25; ateliche 
[eateliche] wihtes Jul. 46, 47; yt alle weren 
eateliche to bihaldene hom. I. 41 ; eate- 
lukeat (super/.) h. m. 41. 

a-tellen, v., O.E. atellan, - M.L.G. ertellen, 
OJf.G. anellan ; narrate^ teU^ hom. II. 113. 

a-temien, v., 0»E. atemian; tamei we ne 
mu^ atemien {afford) to wut^Sen godes bord 
HOM. II. 199; ateznie Langl. Cxx. 240; 
atamed (j^U^ ayenb. 153 ; hors wel atamed 
DEP. R. ill. 37. 

ftten, adj., O.E. 2ten (leechd. III.), 292; 
oaUn : otene grotes l. c. c. 47. 

a-tende, v., O.E. atendan; kindle^ inflame^ 
Ber. 2728 ; a candle he atend6|> (ms, atten- 
de)>) Fer. 2413; atende (Pres. subj.) misc. 
52; ¥ere h^ene monnan heortan . . . 
muhten beon atende hom. L 95 ; so sone 
80 hi weren of \t holi goste atende (i»i. 
attende) Misc. 56. 

a-tdon, v., 0£. ateon ; treat \ ato^en (PPk^ 
HOM. II. 205 ; weoren . • • reooliche ato^ene 
La^ 24846. 

a^-tdGnen, ^v., tfor ^tdonen; irritate \ 
attened (pple,) chr. £. 61 ; atened Fer. 
114; BEVES2601. 

a-teorien« v., 0,E, ateorian; fail\ atiereV 
(pres) HOM. II. 29. 

atilfon, v., OJ^r, atifier ; decorate, a. r. 360. 

atil, sb., OJ^r, atil ; equipment, g^ar, ROB. 51. 

allien, v., O.Fr, atillier ; adorn ; atiled (ppie.) 
Rob. 184. 

atir, sb., attire, La^ 3275*; Will. 4465; 
Rich. 519. 

atiren, v., O.Fr. atirier ; attire, s. s. (Wr.) 
3218 ; atiped (pret.) Rob. 547 ; atiied (pple!) 
Will. 1228. 

atlien, see ahtllen. 

a-tre3en, v., afflict, grieve; atraid (pret,) 

s. s. (Web.) 1867 ; atraiyed (pple,) K. T. 

605. 

a-tni]den« t., f/or'^tt\xkien,\ fail; atroketa 
(pres,) P. R. L. P. 221 ; atrokien. (ms, 
attroluen) (subj,) leb. Tes. ii ; nu beo^ j^ine 
te^ atra(lded) frag. 8. 

attAmin, v., 0,Fr, atamer ; pierce, broach (a 
vessel), begin J * attamino,\ PR. p. 16 ; atame 
l. H. R. 210; attamede (pret,) Langl. Cxx. 
68 ; D. Arth. 2175 ; attamed, atamed (pple,) 
Ch. C. T. i9 4008. 

atteigne, v., 0,Fr, ateindie ; attain, Gow. I. 

131 ; atteine Ch. Boet. iv. i (118) ; ateine 

p. L. S. XXV. 87. 
attemperaunce, sb., temperance, Ch. Boet. 

iv. 6 (138); Lidg. m. p. 209. 

attemprd, w^^,, attempered, ayenb. 153; at- 
tempree Mand. 276. 

attempren, v., OJ^r. atemprer; attemper, 
Gow. 1. 87; attempered (pple,) Lidg. m. p. 3. 

D 



Vf. 



35 



attenoionn, sb., Fr. attention; attention, 
Ch. Boet. ii. j (29). 

attendaaoe, attendaunoe, sb., 0,Fr. at- 
tendance ; attendance, Ch. C. t. D 933. 

attenden* v., OJ*'r, atendre; attend, listen, 
GRL. xxii ; atend C M. 21803 ; atende LUD. 
Cov. 259 ; attende (pres,) Pall. L 511. 

attente, sb.,>= entente* a. r. 252. 

fttter, ftter, sb.,(P.£.ator,2ttor, xtor, - MX,G, 
etter, 0,H.G, eitar, eittar, 0,N. eitr ; poison, 
pus, HOM. I. 23, 51 ; atter Orm. 15383 ; gen. 
ft EX. 372; c L. 1150; Langl. ^xii. 256; 
htx atter L^. 14995 ; |«t atter a. r. 208 ; attir 
^sanies ' PR. P. 16 ; Attere (dat.) Ijc^ 16089. 

&tter-ooppe^ sb., 0,E, Sltorcoppa, cf. Scotch 
dial, ettercap ; spider, O. & N. 600; x:. L. 63 ; 
attircoppe * aranea ' PR. p. 16. 

itter-li8e» sb., O.E. 2ttorl2^ leschd. III. 
34 ; antidote to poison, betony : drinc ^eonne 
atterioVe (atterbn^e) & drif j^ne swel s^an- 
ward A. R. 274 ; atterloj^e ^more(l)le ' rel. I. 
37 (voc 141). 

itter-lioh, adj., 0,E. Sltorllc; venomous; 
atterluch A. R. 212*. 

ftttern, adj., 0,E. £tren, £ttren, M,H.G. 
eiterin; venomous (ms. atteme),. FRAG. 8; 
^urfa atteme drench La^. 16084. 

attemeaae» sb., venomousness, A. r. 196. 

attiae, v., OF'r, atiser ; entice, Haluw. 109. 

ftttrien, v., 0,E, aetterian, •■ MJI.G. eitem, 
OJV, eitra ; venom, poison ; attreS (pres,) 
HOM. L 153 ; A. R. 84 ; attred (pple.) HOM. 
IL 19; Orm. 15376; iattred a. r. 208. 

&ttr^, adj., — 0,H,G, eitrig ; venomous, Orm. 

978^; attri A. R. 82 ; Marh. 14 ; H. M. 15 ; ¥at 

attne %ing rel. I. 21 5. 
atom, sb., O.Fr. atum (atour) ; dress, attire, 

A. R. 426 ; H. M. 23 ; attour R. R. 3718. 

atnmdy sb., 0,Fr. atom^ ; attorney, £. G. 58. 

atnmen, v., OF'r, atumer, atomer (atoumer) ; 
turn; i&ess, attire : he atomde as vaste as 
he mi^te ROB. 419 ; er he . . . habbe hire 
swuch atumed and imaked A. R. 284; ko- 
fliche atumet hom. I. 257. 

a'-tween, prep., between, Lidg. m. p. 263. 

a^-twix, prep., between, w. & i. 32 ; atvix Am. 
& Amil. 865 ; atwixen Ch. Tro. 417 ; atwixe 
Trev. VII. 167 ; atwixin, atwixt, betwixt, 
^ inter* TR,^, 17. 

a'-twinnen, v., separate, divide; atwinne 
Haluw. 109. 

ftj>, sb., 0£. a¥, - Goth. ai)js, 0,L.G., OF'ris. 
eth, cd, 0,N, ei^r, OJI,G, eid ; oath, I w. 2264 ; 
aenne a^ [o^] Laj. 19981 (miswritten ae^ 704) ; 
oa'S (r. w, wTdL^) 653 ; o^ ayekb. 64 ; ^cn ob 
Rob. 446 ; 00^, 00th Ch. C. t. A 120 ; otn 
Hav. 1 1 18; 5}« (dat.) PROCL. 5; wi^ten 
obe Horn (L.) 347 ; t|^ (//.) Orm. 4479; 
<fSts A. R. 198; aoen (dat.pl.) La^ 5165; 
comp. inJUi-aj>. 



36 



hpel. 



a)>el, aj'elingi see aVel, atSeUng. 

a-)>do6tren, v., 0.E, a|>eostrian ; de darkened : 
se mone a)>68tre'S HOM. I. 239 ; a]>9o8trede 
(fret:) La). 2860; a)>do8tred {J^le,) Mk. 
xiii. 24. 

alyinkexi, see of )>&iike]i. 

a-lTftwen, v., throw off\ of his horse he 

aprSu (/r^/.), Laj. 8o7*. 
a-jTOsemeny v., C7.£'. afirvsman; suffocate^ 

A. R. 40 ; a]n'uame8 (^j.) hom. I. 251. 

ft^mm, sb.| (7.j?. a^um, » (9./>:£r. athum, ^thom, 
O.H,G. eidum, eidam ; son-in-law (ms. 
a^mm) Orm. 19832; a¥um, o^m [o^m] 
La^ 36191 33106; o)^m ^gener^ frag. 2; 
o^m REL. 1. 130 (HOM. II. 165) ; o^m Rob. 
182 ; odam Aus. 2081. 

a-tmrsten, v., }^M.H.G. erdursten; cf. of- 
pikntma; suffer thirst ; a)>urst (ppU^ P. L. S. 
xiii. 329; LEG. 7; Trev. III. 471 ; he wer)> 
ahirst wel sore rel. II. 273; ajnirst, ajwust, 
a^st Langl. ^x 59*, Cxii. 43*; athrest 
LUD. Cov. 190, 

aube, see albe. 

aubel, ebely sb., Fr. aubel; abele^ white 
poplar^ PR. p. 17. 

auburn, adj., LJjit, albumus ; auburn^ pr. 
p. 17. 

audience, sb., 0,Fr. audience; audience^ 
Langl. B xiii. 434 ; Ch. C. t. E 104. 

auditour, sb., O.Fr, auditeur ; auditor^ Shor. 
96; Gow. II. 191. 

aufin, see alfLn. augrim, see algrim. 

august, sb., Augustj Ch. astrol. i. 10 (6) ; 
augst Gow. III. 37a 

auh, see ao. ftuhte, see Ahte. 

auk, adj. ("*avek, as hauk -^havek), O.N. 
ofugr, O.H.G, abuh ; awkward, left-handed^ 
perverse, (ms. awke) * sinister, perversus,* 
PR. P. 18 ; auke dedis D. Arth. 13. 

auk-li, adv., awkwardly, ^sirdstre, perverse^ 
PR. p. 18. 

auk-^rard, adv., awkward, awry, D. Arth. 

2247 ; )»e world )nu al aukward sett(e) PR. C. 

1541. 
aul, see awel. 

aumperour, see emperour. 
aun-, see an-. 

austere, adj., O.Fr. austere ; austere, Man. 
(H.) 54 ; austeme Wicl. s. w. I. i. 

austerite, sb., O.Fr. austerity ; austerity^ PR. 

C. 5376. 

auter, see alter, 
autorite, sb.,(9.Fr.autorit^, auctorit^; cuithor- 

ity, AVENB. 147 ; Man. (F.) 14596 ; autorite, 

auctorite Ch. C.T.'^4i65. 
autour, sb., O.Fr. auteur; author, Langl. 

B x. 243 ; auctour CH. C. T. -£" 1 141. 

autumpne, sb., Fr. automne ; autumn, Ch. 
BOET. i. 2 (8). 



avenatmt. 

&u]>er, pron. & coni. {for *2-hwe^r), OJEl. 
ahwa^^er, &w^r,B(?./N(;.]oweder, nuidJEnf^. 
or; either (one 0/ two) \ or; Gaw. 88; au)nr. 
ANT. Arth. xvi ; heore oww)>err Orm. 124 ; 
oo^er, ouper Sax. chr. 32, 38; ou¥er of 
^s two A. R. 286 ; ou)«r of |)am Iw. 3589 ; 
ou^ • . . or Mand. 184 : ou)>er bi daie or bi 
nighte Perc. 87; ou)>er[o^r] elles Langl. 
A i. 151 ; ou|)er [ojir] ... or Ch. C. T. 
AisgSi oi)>er Alis. 4899; Al. (L^) 408; 
ojber ... or Man. (H.) 2 ; o¥er on him sulf 
o^r on his freond A. R. 202 ; o)ier ayenb. 9 ; 
o))er dairim ober daisteorre o. & N. 328 ; ojier 
catel o^r clop PL. CR. 116 ; o)«r ... or Rob. 
17 ; dusung o))er iending frag, i ; &der 
o¥er moder La). 26092 ; twelf winter o)«r 
more Hat. 787; li|>er ober god treat. 
133 ; obbr, or Orm. 480, 6255, 10882 ; 
other [orj . . . other [or] Langl. ^xiii. 369 ; 
a maister or a pope Ch. C. t. ^261. 

availen, v., avail: ne mai mi streng^ not 
availle [availe] Ch. C. t. A 2401 ; H. v. 81 ; 
availle Man. (F.) 5084; avail c. M. 90; awaB^ 
Barb. i. 336; awail c. M. 7992; aveile Ch. 
Tro. i. 20 ; availe)> (pres.) Ch. h. F. 363. 

av&len, v., O.Fr. avaler; lower, cause to 
descend, Ch. C. T. A 3122. 

avanoen, v., OF'r, avancer ; advance ; avance 
MiN. 39 ; avaunce Ch. C. t. A 246 ; Man. 
(F.) 7246 ; avonci ayenb. 82 ; avaunoetS 
(pres.) A. R. 156; avanoed (pple.) P. L. S. 
xvii. 383. 

ayanoettxent, v., OF'r. avancement; advance- 
ment, Shor. 148 ; avauncement Rob. 312. 

avant, sb., from avanten ; vaunt, boast, pro- 
mise, Kath.' 56 ; avaunt A. P. ii. 664 ; Fer. 
355 ; Alex.' (Sk.) 570. 

avant^e, sb., O.Fr. avantage; advantage, 
Ch. C. T. A 1293; avauntage Gow. I. 194; 
avontage ayenb. 209. 

avanten, avaunte, v., O.Fr. avanter ; vaunt, 
boast, Ch. C. T. Z>ioi4; avanti SHOR. 
118. 

avantwarde, * sb., O.Fr. avantgarde ; van- 
guard, D. Arth. 324; avauntwarde Langl. 
Cxxii.95. 

avarice, sb., O.Fr. avarice ; avarice, ayenb. 
16 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (45). 

aveien, v., O.Fr. avier ; te<uh, inform ; aveide 
(pret.) Shor. 19 ; avaid (pple.) 158 ; awaied 
A. p. i. 709. 

aveiment, sb., O.Fr. aveiement ; instruction, 
Shor. 77 ; awaimentia (//.) Wint. (n.E.D.). 

ave-long, Sidj., •= Dan, aflang, Swed. afling, 
from Lat. oblongus ; oblong, * oblongus,* PR. 
p. 17. 
aveien, see aflen. ftven, see Man. 

avenaunt, adj. & sb., Fr. avenant ; suitable, 
graceftily convenience; S. S. (Web.) 1419 ; 
Man. (F.) 7532 ; ilka man after his avenaunt 

4729. 



avenoe. 



a-wari6iL 



37 



avenoe, sb^ O.Fr. avence ; ike plant ovens 
geum^ ^avendai voc. 139 ; PR. P. 17. 

Avene, pr. n., 0£. Afen ; Avon^ LA3. 21267 ; 
Avene striem p. L. s. viiL 126. 

avener, sb., 0,Fr. avenier, Lai, avenSrius 
(an officer of ihf stable^ charged with the 
supffy 0/ provender) ; voc 176 ; PR. P. 18. 

avenge, v^ tfor revenge ; avenge ^ Langl. B 
V. 128*. 

aventaille, sb., OS, av^taille; movable front 
of a helmet^ Fbr. 238 ; aventaile Will. 3608. 

avente, v., OJ*'r, esventer ; refresh with air, 
Flor. 1941 ; awent Barb. vi. 305 ; aventld 
(pret.) D. Troy 7090 ; aventid (pple.) 
escaped^ WiCL. s. w. I. 219. 

aventure, sb., 0,Fr. aventure; adventure^ 
A. R. 340; Misc 29; Will. 254; Aus. 
7837 ; be aventure Mand. 18$ ; to do his iif 
an auntre [in aventure] Rob. 65. 

aventuren, v., OJ*'r, aventurer; adventure^ 
venture \ aventure Man. (H.) 70 ; auntre Ch. 
C. T. ^4209. 

aventoronSy adj., adventurous^ Cow. 1. 93 ; 
Rich. 271. 

aver, sb^ horse ; averee (pL) Haluw. i 17. 

aver, sb., OJ^r. aveir ; property ; avere Man. 

(H.) 124 ; aveer Mand. 292 ; havoir r. r. 

47«>. 
averil, sb., O.Fr. avril ; April, La). 24196 ; 

TREAT. 136 ; SPEC 27. 

averooe, adj., cf Prov. averos (avaricieux) ; 
gruifyf Langl. ^ xv. 132, Cxvii. 279 ; avarous 
Gow. II. 147. 

avetrol, sb., t corrupted from O.Fr. avoltre; 
t bastard, Alis. 2693 ; & S. (Web.) 1107. 

avili, v., OJ^r, avilir ; make vile, P. L. S. xL 10 ; 
aviled ipret.) a. P. iL 1713. 

aviB, sb., OJ^r. avis ; advice, Rob. 89 ; Ch. C 
T. A 1868 ; Mand. 180 ; Man. (F.) 5268. 

aviee, v., OF'r. aviser ; advise, devise, consi- 
der, Gow. I. 132 ; with alle • • - be mir|»e ^at 
men con|»e avise Gaw. 45 ; of pine answere 
avise |»e right wel Ch. l. g. w. 335. 

avieement, sb., O.Fr. avisement \ advisement, 
Gow. 1. 147 ; Ch. C.t. i? 1531 ; E. w. 27. 

avisidni sb., OF'r. avision ; vision,Ko^ 255 ; 
avisioun Mand. 114. 

avoeat, sb., OF'k avocat; advocate, aysnb. 
127; avocat, avoket Trev. VIII. 253. 

avoi, int., OJ^r. avoi {expressing surpriu) ; a. 
P. iL 863 ; Bee. 2066. 

avoidanoe, sb., emptying, ^ evacuation PR. P. 

19- 
avoiden, v., OJ^r. esvuidier, ^uider ; empty; 
make void; avoid; *evacuo,* PR. P. 19; 
avoide WiCL. i Cor. xv. 24. 

avoo, sb., vow, Trev. IV. 49; Will. 532; 
(h)is avoe (wu. aoow) he have^ imad Fer. 
1S18. 



avood, sb., O.Fr, avo^, •■ avocat; cuhocate, 
patron saint; avowe Aus. 3160; avowee 
(//.)Bek. 2118. 

avoueifloim, sb., advowson, Ber. 575. 

avooen, v., OJ^r, avotT,from Lot. advocSre ; 
avow, acknowledge, declare; avowe Man. 
(H.) 320 ; avowin *advoco* PR. P. 19 ; avouh 
(imper.) HOM. I. 197 ; avood (ppie.) ayenb. 
loi. 

avooen, v., O.Fr. 9Lyroer,from Lot. *advdtib« ; 
vow, bind iy a vow, PL. CR. 847 ; avoue WiCL. 

GEN. XXXi. 13. 

avooerie, sb., O.Fr. avouerie, avocrie; 
patronage, protection, P. & 189; avouerie, 
avoerie ayenb. ioi, 146. 

avooter, sb., OFr. avoatre, avoltre ; adulterer, 
PR. p. 19 ; Ch. C. t. D 1372. 

avootrie, sb., O.Fr. avoutrie ; adultery, Langl. 

B ii. 175 ; Ch. C. t. D 1306 ; Mand. 54. 
await, sb., O.Fr. await, agvait ; ambush, Ch. 

C.T. Z> 1657; awaitee'iWf^Vi^'TREV. IV. 

165. 

awaite, v., OF'r. agvaitier ; awcdt, Langl. B 
^* 333 M ^> 222 has aspie) ; out he ^eode 
for te awaite what ^t wonder were Bek. 86 ; 
awattetS (pres.) a. R. 174 ; awaite^ c. L. 767 ; 
aweited (pple.) Wicl. ex. xxi. 13. 

a-wAken, v., OFl. ^awacan {pret. aw5c); 
awake : awake (? «*awakie) P. L. S. xiii. 323 ; 
Ch. l. g. w. 1332; awdo (pret.) La> 
125^ j awok Rob. 15 ; awok, awook Langl. 
^viiL 128, Cx. 293; Ch. C. t. ^3364; 
Olimpias of slepe awok Aus. 355 ; j'e cl^es 
awoke P. L. s. x. 61 ; awAke (PPle.) c L. 
473 ; REL. 1. 144. 

a-w&kien [awAlde], v., O.E. awacian,« 
OM.G. erwachen; awake, La^ 17914; he 
mai awakien leb. Jes. 692 ; ich wolde 
awakien |»e A. R. 238; awakie MiSC 192; 
awtte (imper.) Langl. Bw. 399 ; awttede 
(pret.) A. R. 236; awakede ayenb. 128; 
awakede, awaked Langl. ^xiv. 332; (hi) 
awakede hine lilSC 32; awAked (pple.) 
Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (106) ; after he was awaked. 
Will. 679. 

a-w4keiien, v., O.E. awacnian, awsecnian; 
awaken (intrans), Jul. 11 ; )>et god muwe 
\et of awakenen a. R. 44 ; awikeneiS (pres.) 
H. M. 27; awAkned (Pret.) Langl. ^xix. 
478 ; awAkened (pple.) a. r. 58. 

a-w41den, v., " M.H.G. erwalten ; govern^ 
subdue, \1k\. 4345 ; awealden (? » awekien; 
Jul. 69 ; awoide P. L. s. xvii. 335 ; aweald 
(imper.) Kath. 652. 

awane, see andwane. 

a-wappen, v., t astonish ; awaped (pple.) 
Aus. 899; Ar. & Mer. 3240; awhaped 
Ch. l. g. w. 814. 

awarden, v., OJ^r. awarder; award ; awarde 
(pres.) Ch. C. t. C 202. 

a-warien, v., OS. awergian, awyrgian ; curse. 



38 



a-wamie. 



a-wr6ken. 



ban, A. R. 384 ; awariede {fret.) La^. 13946 { 
awazied (pple.) r. s. IV ; awaned misc. 45 ; 
awirigd HOM. I. 323 ; awariede wihtes Kath. 
1066 ; his beoden beo% aweriede hom. 1. 49 ; 
ge aweregede gostes II. 69 ; ine awariede 
glednesse ayenb. 27 ; see aw&rien. 

a-wamiei v., /y^jewamie; defend^ Fer. 
4027. 

a-wasohen, v., 0,E. awascan, >• 0,H.G, 
arwaskan; wash away\ aweaoen {fpie,) 
HOM. I. 37. 

awe, see e^e and eowe. 

a-weoohen, v., 0.E, aweccan, - O.H.G. 
arwekkan, Goth, uswakjan ; arouse^ awaken 
( trans,) f HOM. I. 267; awecche RBL. II. 
278 ; awechche leb. Jes. 691 ; aweotS ipres,) 
HOM. II. 179 ; aweoohetS (imper,) Mat. x. 
8; awahte (/^//.) Kath. 1044; awei^te 
Alis. 5858 ; hio awehten hine Mk. iv. 38 ; 
awehten, aweihten La^ 81 i, 17805; awaht 
[aweht] ifip/e.) La^. 4520. 

a-waden, v., O.E. awedan ; rave, be mad, La^. 
22020; awede Shor. 163; Will. 45; 
Trist. 3181 ; B. DISC. 957 ; aw€de)> (pres,) 

0. & N. 509; awddde (firet.) Rob. 162; 
awM (fpie.)K, R. 96 ; he was nej awed Bek. 
i486 ; awedde hundes La^. 19538. 

a-wd^en, v., O.E. awegan ; bear up ; awaigeV 
(pres.) HOM. II. 181 ; ]ni awi¥hst HOM. 1. 233. 

awaiy see under wei. 

awel, sb., O.E. awul, awel, 31, §s\,tal,cfiO.H.G 
&la fi, OJV. air m,, awl ; owul *JusanuIa 
FRAG. 4 (voc. 93) ; owel, ewel o. & N. 80 
al *subulant* WiCL. DEUT. xv. 17 ; el A. R 
324 ; eawlea (//.) Kath. 2209 ; eaules misc 
153 ; aules A. R. 212 ; oweles leg. 159 ; oules 
Brd. 22; Map 339; Ch. C. t. Z> 1730 
eles AYENa 66 ; eaule (dat.pl.) misc. 83. 

a-w61den, v., govern, subdue, hom. I. 81 
awdden, awUckn La^ 4083, 27327; awelde 
rel. I. 184 (misc 128) ; Trey. I. qi 
aw^ldetS ipres^ a. r. 144 ; awalde, awaefde 
awelde (pret.) La). 1643, 4663, 6167 
awald (pfrle.) LA3. 4146; awild 12084* 
awealt Kath. 555. 

a*wele3en9 Y., fmake or becomerich, luxurious 
heo wolde dies awil^;en A. R. 176; hwit 
awilegeS (?) \^ eien 282 ; nes \tr nan swa 
wrsecdie Brut ))at he nes awai3ed La^. 
22718. 

a-welten, y., 0,E, 2yrj\\zxi\ roll away, 
awelte (pret.) Mat. xxviii. 2. 

a-wemmexiy v., injure; awaemmen La^. 
21290; awemmed (pple.) HOM. I. 83 ; rel. 

1. 128 ; LA3. 2212. 

ftwen, see ftjen. 

a-wendan, v., 0,E. awendan, -> 0,H,G. 
irwendan, Goth, uswandjan ; turn away, hom. 
I. 109 ; awende (pret^ hom. I. 219; awend 
ipple,) LA3. 1973* ; Thomas ... out of mi 
lond is awend Bek. 1240 ; awent Trey, V. 



229 ; hi alle wor^on awende of )>an fe^re hiwe 
be hi an ^escapen were to lo^ce deoflen hom. 
1.219. 

awene, awne» sb., 0,N. agn, O.H.G. agana, 
Goth, ahana ; awn, earo/com, ' arista,* PR. P. 
18 ; agunea (//.) yoc. 155. 

a-weorpexiy y., 0,E, aweorpan ; cast out, cast 
down; aworpen a. r. 122 ; awarpen Kath. 
590 ; awerpetS (pres.) hom. I. 25 ; aworpe^ 
113; awarpejy rel. II. 210 (P. L. S. xxxii. 
2) ; awurpen (pret.) Mat. xxi. 39 ; aworpen 
iPple.) A. r. 278. 

awer-modysb., t pride, {tns. awwermod) Orm. 
4720. 

a-wdaten, y., 0£. awgstan; lay waste; 
awSateS (pres^ hom. I. 13; awftate (pret,) 
LA3.6452 ; aw^ (pple.) La). 2149. 

A-wihty pron., 0£. awiht, auht, aht, « O.H.G. 
eowiht; aught, anything, hom. I. 103; |iat 
he . . • him awiht hafde ki)»ed Orm. 16979 ; 
)>at miht oht (tns. ohht) angren oj^re 432 ; 
3if heo wes awiht hende LA3. 7027 ; ^€ 
aeYere aht cu^ )«r on 11986 ; \^ heom oht 
lufeden 25346 ; eawiht HOM. I. 3 ; owiht, out 
reawicht] A. R. 88, 124; au3t Langl. 
(Wr.)333i; aught RiCH. 2460; a3t ayenb. 
194 ; * Shor. 95 ; eawt Kath. i 193 ; ouht, 
o3t o. & N. 662 ; 01^ out Will. 952, 
1823; Trey. III. 39; oht spec 71; cttt 
Horn (L.) 976 ; Bek. 1422 ; ogt gen. & 
EX. 1793 ; ^^°^ ^ ogl^t that shreu Townl. i8a 

a-wilden, y., 0.E, awildian ; grow wild, a. r. 
176*. 

[a- wildgen], a-wile3en9 v., « awllden ; grow 
wild; bewilder, dazzle, A. R. 176; hwit 
awilegeV \t. eien 282. 

a-winnen, y., 0.E, awinnan, ■> O.H.G, ar- 
winnan ; win, acquire, LA3. 18761 ; HORN 
(L.) 1071 ; awinne Fl. & Bl. 132; P. L. S. 
xvii. 99 ;' ayenb. 85 ; REL. II. 243 ; s. & (Web.) 
1822 ; awozme (pple.) LA3. 605*. 

a-witen, y.» know; watch over; awiate 

(pret.) LA3. 27264 ; awuste HOM. I. 288? 
a-wldteiii v., disgust ; awlAted (pple.) Rob. 

485. 
a-wlenchen, v., make splendid; awlencS 

(printed awlene¥) hire mid do¥es REL. 

I. 129 (hom. II. 163). 

awnen, w.,=^M.H.G, ougenen; show; (ms, 
awwnenn) Orm. 979 ; & sone an an se ]ns 
was yasr jniiii godes engles awned 3385. 

a-wr&IKeny v., become wroth : ne noht sagad 
)>at hit ne awrd|«)y o. & N. 1278 ; awr&ooed 
(pple.) LA3. 24834. 

a-wrecohen, v., pull out : & habbe)$ al mi 
kinelond awraht (Pres.) ut of mire bond LA3. 
15435 » whan ^ limes bee^ awreijt (' #ftV/9- 
cantur"*) out of here oune places Trey. II. 
181. 

a-wrttexiy y., O.E. awrecan, - O.H.G. 
erredian ; reject; avenge, \9X ilke \9X Howd 



a<wrlten. 

haf(%) ispeken ne seal hit na man awrcken 
L^ 35194; awrekensunneA. R.334; awreke 
AyBKa9; Rich. 1771 ; hemihte .. -fu' 
tune awTcke hisc 44 ; ammo {imptr.) , 
on me R. 5. ii. (misc. i6a); awrAo ipret.) 
A. R. 334 ; awrtken (ppU.) TRIST. 3446 
awreke o. & N. 363 ; awreke ROB. 142 
ALts.3519; he woMebenawrekeFsR,i8ai 
awreken, awroken Ch. C. t. A 3753, ^^784 
awroke LANGL. B vi. 304. 

a-writ«n,v.,(?J£:.awittaii: wriUout; awrlt 
[pnt.) FRAG, a ; awrttt (pret.) HOU. I. ; 
awrlt«n ipple.) FRAG. 7; hit ii awrilen 
bokea hoh. I. 113. 

a-wnndrien, v., O.E. awundnan ; amoMe, sur- 
priu', seint Gregorie awundre* him a. R. 
146 ; awnndr«do [frtt^ KatU. 313 ; awon- 
drede ttisc. 33 ; awundrod (ppU^ La;. 
15973 ; awundred Kath. 1^49 ; awondred 
FER. 3197 ; WiLi. 873 ; of mi tale ne beo^ 
noght awondred Haluw. 133. 

a-wOrien, v., O.E. »wyisan, - O.H.C. er- 
wurgen ; worry, ihokt, Jevoui' ; awirien pi. 
CR. 663 ; ^ vm aw5riftV al enne floe A, R, 
303; awnrifcb {t printed aytant!^) MISC. 149; 
awnrled i^le.) a. R. 353. 

a-viiTSeii, v., O.E. aweorVaii, - O.H.G. 



awnrSa (tubj.) La}. 355S0 [sec. ten has 

a-w1iT8ien, v., O.E. aweot^n ; honour ; a- 

wiirtSada {firtt.) Laj. 9539. 
ax, axe, tee eax. axe, set aaotav. 
axe, axen, -ere, see aaka, etc 
larol, sb., O-A: Oxull ; axl€.\ 
axel-trS, sb., O.N. axultrf ; axle-tree, c M. 

31368 ; axille tre MaND. 181 ; axiltre PR. P. 

30 ; esiltre voc 378. 



b&, see bSjen. 

ba, v., kiss, Ch. C. t. ZJ433. 

baban, sb., in/oMt, a. r. 334. 

bfrbe, sb, e/. Swed. babe (Ihre) ; iaie, Gow. 

I. 344 ; H. V. 1 ; LUD. Cov. 84 ; bab Townl. 

149. 



babelavante, sb., t jester. Chest. II. 34. 

babenri, sb., ?=1>abivIneTia ; grotesque 
absurdity; babcrio. Troy ij63;b»beuwriea 
[f. r. baocurics, rabewiuresj Ch. h. f. 1 189. 

babi, sb., baby, Lancu j9xvii. 95; babias 
(/£) Gow. L 368. 

babir-lippid. adj., large lipped, 'labrosus,' 
■ PR. P. ao ; babedipped Langl. B v. 190. 



baoin. 



39 



babiflcdien, v., O.Fr. bauhiss-, baubir; scoff 
at; babiahed {pret.) Towni. 78. 
bablen, v.,-Ger. babein, Dan. bable; bab- 
ble ; babeliada {ppU.) a. r. 100 ; bafcOeda 
(^el.) LangI- -4 v. 8 (Wr. 3487). 
babuin, babewin, sb., O.Fr. babuin ; baboon, 
PR. P. 30; babftwlnea (pi.) Mand. 310; 
baboines a. p. iL 1409. 

babwinrie, sb., c/. Fr. babouinerie; from 
babooln {baboon) \ grotesque ornamentation, 
WiCL. E. w. 8. 
bao, adv., back, misc. 338. 
bw). 8b., O.E. bxc,-.OJ,.G. bac, O.N. bak 
n., O.Fris. bek m.j back, a. r. 390; Hav. 
5^6; ^deorfeolabac(u^i() La).6493; teh 
nine a bac ward 20086 ; a bac treat. 134; 
bac & side Orm. 4776 ; sant Johan droh. 
him o bach 10656; bak Man. (H.) 133; 
Tor. 3590; have he turned f« bak p. s. 339; 
on bak ant. Artu. xlv ; a bak O. & 
N. 877; Jos. 496; Rich. 4716 ; LUD. Cov. 
311 ; bxch Lk, ix. 6a; a bak (bakdo^?) 
to walken in Ch. C t. (?88i; a bcc HOU. 
I. 339 ; bake {dot.) H. h. 54 ; bakkoa (pi.) 
clothes, Lancl. B -l. 36a ; and allc his bakkes 
rente WILL. 3096. 

bao-blten, v., AnriJrVf ; bacbite MiRCia^j 
bakbite I.AHOL. jS ii. 80 ; baobllw {^.) 
P. S. 157. 

bao-bIter«, sb., Swed, bakbltaie (RiETZ) ; 
backHter, r. s. vii ; WiCL. LEV. xix. 16; 
bacbitare a. r. 8a. 

bao-bitunffa, sb., backbiting, HOU. 1. 905 ; 
A. R. 83 ; bakbitinge LANGL. By. 130. 
bao-bfin, sh-j — Swed. bakbin'; bacibone, 
voc. 146 ; bakbon L. H. R. 190. 
bak-olS)<ea, sb. pi., clothes, Langl. Bx. 
362'. 

bao-dfint, sb., blow on the back, A. R: 
390- 

bao-bali; sb., farther side,WlCL. GSH. xix. 
6 ; bakhalf Ch. ASTR. i. 4 (4). 
bak-tide, sb.,- Swed, bakslda; back, CH. 
astr. 1.15(8). 

bao-wazd, adv., backward, Man. (F.) 5053 ; 
bakward b. disc. 1637 ; Cu. C. T. A 4381. 
bac-warde, sb., rear-guard, La}. 33814. 
bak-watar, sb., backwater, TreV. I. 57. 
baoobe, sb.,=Swed. bak n./ batch, baking; 
bahcbe, batcbe (? bacche) 'pistura ' PR. P. 3 1 . 
baoh, see b«Bob. 

baoheler, sb., O.Fr. bacheler; bachelor, ROB. 
30 ; bacheler, bachefeer Ch. C. T. ^ 80 ; 
whefier hebe knijt or bachiler WILL. 84a 
baobelerie, sb., OJ^r, bachelerie ; the body of 
bachelors, stale of a bachelor, ROB. 76, 19I ; 
CH. C. T. E 370. 

baoin, sb., O.Fr. bacin ; basin, Fl. & Bl. 563 j 
Shor. 51 ; S. S. (Web.) 3343 ; Rich. 3557 ; 
basin 'pelvis' VOC 178; Aus. 3333; JOS. 



40 



baoinet. 



bailL 



697 ; basiiiB {pi.) of bras P. s. 189 ; bascins 

Marh. 9. 
baoinety baalnety sb., 0,Fr. bacinet {bassinet) ; 

helmet^ RICH. 403, 5266. 
baoke, sb., » Dan. (aften)bakke ; hat^ WiCL. 

LEV. xi. 19; bakke ^vespertilio^ PR. P. 2i ; 

LiDG. M. P. 152. 
baoken, v., from bao; clothe \ bakken [bak] 

Langl.^xi^i85. 

baodn. bacoun, sb.. O.Fr. bacon \M.Du.^ 

MX,G. bake, O.H.G. bacho ace. bachun]; 

bacon, Langl. -5 v. 194; Ch. C. T. Z>i753; 

bacun ^petaso ' PR. P. 20 ; baooana {pi.) FSR. 

2696. 
badde, sb., fcat\ baddia [v. r. badde^] Alex. 

1763. 

badde, adj., bad, Will. 5024; Aus. 21 18; 
s. s. (Web.) 643 ; Trev. VII. 343 ; Ch. C. t. 
E 1608 ; our bijete was badde rel. II. 242 ; 

tis badde king Rob. 108 ; two badde prestes 
.ANGL. B X. 281 ; baddere {compar.) Ch. C. 
T. F^2\. 

badde-liohoy adv., badly, Rob. 566. 

> baddeneaaet sb., badness, Langl. B xii. 49. 

bftde, s\>.,^ M.H.G. beit /; Jrom biden; 
dwelling, delay, Trist. 345 ; bode hom. II. 
185 ; bftda (dot.) c M. 7399 ; Perc. 41 ; 
bode Flor. 374 ; Ch. An. i 19 ; boute bod(e) 
Will. 149 ; comp. »>bAd. 

b&dien, w.,^M.L.G. beiden, O.H.G. beiton; 

wait : badien \t king wolde )>at his folc come 

La). 25649. 
beoh, sb., valley, hhy 2596 ; b«ohe, bache 

i^^-) 757> $^; over baches and hulles 
.ANGL. c viii. 159; b«oohen {dat.pl.) La^. 
21776; rtf/;f/.oou-baohe. 
beften, see bi«fteii« 

bnl, bftly %\>.,O.E.h&\,OJ^. bal, mod.Eng.hsdt 
(-fire) ; funeral pile, bonfire, bael Laj. 17130 ; 
bal Wr. DICT. 153 ; bale {dot) M. H. 169 ; in 
a bale of fiir PL. CR. 667. 

belen, v.,-(7JV. b£la; bum: bohie & bele 
A.P. i. 18. 

[bflalieil, v., 0.E, (a)ba&]igan, bylgan, from 
bel^en ; comp. a-balien.] 

bftre, sb., 0£. bxr.^ OX.G., O.H.G. bara, 
OJ^ris. b€re ; from oeren ; bier, *feretrum,^ 
FRAG. 4; Orm. 8167; baere [here] La). 19481 ; 
here voc. 193 ; HI9C. loi ; GEN. & ex. 2481 ; 
Fl. & Bl. 14 ; Bek. 899 ; P. L. S. xvii. 196; 

GOW. III. 263; LiDG. H. P. 34 ; ANT. ARTH. 

xiv; TOWNL. 232; here, beerc Ch. C. t. 
A 29po; beere PR. p. 32 ; b«r«ii [beres] {pi.) 
La^ 27876 ; comp. hora-bfire. 

bAr-diac, sh.,^ O.E. b£rdisc; ^ferculumi 
FRAG. 4. 

Mr-ldp, sb., basHet, Wicx. Mk. viii. in SEL. 

W. 1. 17. 

bfir-man, sb., O.E. bsrman ; porter, Lxy 
3317; Hav. 868. 



bsann, see bearm. 

banm, see beam, baamen, see brennen. 

bewen, v. ? » M.H,G. ban {fovere) ; foment : 

to clensen & to baewen Orm. 15153 ; bAwe)> 

{pres.) Orm. 19719. 
baffen, v., beat, strike : apon )>air brestes fast 

)mu beft M. H. xviii ; beft {^le.) Golag. & 

Gaw. 870. 
baifin, v., - Du. bafTen, Ger. baffen ; bark, 

* latro,* PR. P. 20. 
baiBxiff, sb., barking, p. p. II. 53 ; baffinge 

PR. p. 20. 
baften, see bi-aften. 

bagage, sb., OJ^r. bagage; luggage, P. R. L. P. 

18; baggage dream ioi. 
bagge, sb., cf. OJV. baggi m. {pakke, bylt, 

Fritzn.) ; bc^, ^sacculus^ PR. P. 21 ; trans. 

XVIII. 28 ; TREV. I. 257 ; PL. CR. 223 ; H. s. 

501 ; beren bagge on bac A. R. 168 ; a bagge 

fill of eiren P. L. S. xii. 57 ; a beggeres bagge 

Langl. B xiv. 248 ; baggen {pL) & packes 

A. R. 168; bagges P. s. 150. 
bagge-ful, sb., bagful, P. L. s. xii. 57. 
bagge-pipa, sb., bagpipe, PR. P. 21 ; Ch. C. 

T. A 565. 
bagge, bage, sb., badge, PR. p. 20 ; baggea 

{pi.) Haluw. 132 ; bages Alex. 4180. 
baggen, v., squint, look away : bat baggeth (?) 

foule Ch. d. Bl. 623 ; )iat ^i baggen (?) not 

|ier fro WiCL. s. w. I. 191. 
bagging^li, adv., with a side glance, R. R. 

292. 

baggin, v., become baggy, ' tumeoj PR. P. 21. 
bagged, pple., pregnant : )ie mere was 

bagged wi)> fole Perc. 717. 
bagbeU sb., O.N. bagall, from Lot. baculus ; 

bishofs crosier, P. S. 307. 
bai, adj., OJ^r. bai, Ital. baio, Lot. badius ; 

bay {colour),\QH. C. T. .<4 2157 ; B. DISC. 1044. 
bai, sb., ?«abai ; bay, bark, Gaw. 1582. 
bai, sb. ? <- O.N. bagr ; ' obstaculum^ PR. P. 21. 

baiard, sb., OJFr. baiart ; bayard, bay horse, 

Ch. C. t. ^4115. 
bide, sb.,>Babai, barking; holding at bay. 

bai of bor Alis. 200 ; bestis baie lud. Coy. 

180; baie Will. 35. 
baie, sb., Fr. baie, Ital. baia ; bay {of the sea), 

Trev. I. 57 ; bai {opening in a wall) a. p. ii. 

1392; PALL.ii. 198. 
baie, sb., Fr. baie ; beny^ ; bai ' bacca ' PR. P. 

21 ; baiaa {pi.) Pall. u. 414. 
bai-tr0, sb., bay-tree, voc. 181. 
baiin, v., O.Fr. baier ; bay% bark at, PR. P. 21 ; 

baie Egl. 286 ; baien {pres.) Gaw. 1909. 
baile, baili^ sb., O.Fr. bailie {barrihr, porte 

avancie) ; bailey, c M. 10023 ; bali A. P. i. 

1082 ; wem put . . . in baile {prison) Fer. 

121 1 ; bailee {pi.) c. L. 687. 
baUi, sb., O.Fr. baili ; to7«^ Will. 5387 ; q. 



bam. 

M. ttt9S ; bailif Rob. 499; baillif Ch. C. T. 

A 603 ; iMllllh (//.] ATENB. 131. 

tMOl-wdiape, sb., o^ct of hailiff, 'taUitaut,' 

PR. P. 33; bailtiship WiCL. s.w. I. 33. 
baiUie, sb., O.Fr. baillie \jurisdictitm, admin- 

itIralwH, Bek. «n ; p. l. s. xxiv. 78 ; Alis. 

7533; R. R. 4303; Man. (F.) $343; bailie 

;arb. Xlll. 166 ; baUlM {pi.) ayenb. 36. 
bain, adj., OJf. beinn, prov. Eng. bain; 

direct, prompt, Trist. 708 ; Iw, 766 ; Gaw. 

1093 ; AuAD. fR.) xlvii ; AV. Aktk. Ivtii ; 

TOWNL. 38; LUD. Cov. 173; bein Auad. 

(Web.) 514 ; beane Chest. I. 50 ; beaine II. 

l8t ; CDM^. nn-baln. 
buDAd, adj., burst ; bainid, as benis or pesb, 

'fivsus^ PR. P. 31. 
busk, adj., O.N. beiskr ; harsk, Wr. DICT. 1 53 ; 

b^sc Orm. 6698 ; bask WicL. S.w, III. 43. 
blismeat, sb., - abMhmmt ; fiar, a. P. i. 1 74. 
v.i'ftbaaam; abath, bt trashed; 
■ Iprtt.) WicL. Jos. ii. 11; balat 

ipret.) Gaw. 376; baiate {^U.) D. ARTH. 

3856; basscbede3l3[. 
b«ite,sb.,0JV.bdta;7^Mlntoii! bail./ood, 

C. M. 16931 ; Gow. 1.310 ; beite Halliw. 173; 

belt LiDG. U. P. 318. 
baitau, v., O.N. beita, - O.H.G: beiteo ; bait, 

mak* to bite: if kni^t let his eien baitcn 

(faast) on ani woman CM. TRO. i. 193 ; baite 

WILL. 1733; Tor. 1566; bcilon 'cemmor- 

dee' PR. P. 39; ^ here beite Hav. 1S40; 

wildebueresbeteA. D. 337; )«)duratenbe}ten 

(pum'tk) men for xbelike gUte ORH. 10171 ; 

h^tmfprtf.tub;.) MANI1.343; baitad (Ppie.) 

A. P. ii. 55 ; camp. »-baltaa. 
balttnc, sb., OJV. beiting; btdting, Alis. 

199; beitinge PR. P. 39. 
b>if>eiL,v., O.A^.bei^; t make te obtain; ishal 

ba])>ea Y ^°^ Gaw. 337; 1 bu^ bit )ow 

netKrtoKTantei84o; ^at bai(^)e^niemibone 

SPEC. 37. 
bak.<wbao. 
MilteQ, v., O.E. bacaa,- 0,N. baka, O.H.G. 

pachan, bschao ; bake ; baktn, bake PR. P. 3 1 ; 

bake Ch. C. t. ^ 384; bttMt {pres.) Orm. 

1566; book (/rv/.) WlCL. Is. xllV. 19; p. R. 

u P. 191 ; boke Rsi. I. 83 ; b«ken (ppte.) 
RlCB. 3613; baken Oru. 993; bakin, bake 
PR. P. 31 ; bake mete Ch. C. t. ^ 343 ; ibake 
Langl. a vi. 385 ; LiDG. U. p. 85 ; tiles wel 
ibake Cb. l. c. w. 709. 

bAknok sb., 0£. btecere,- O-A*. bakari: 
baker, voc. 176; E. G. 354; MAcarM {pi.) 
lUSC. 189; bakers Langl. A iii. 70. 

bakMtro, sbl, O.E. bzcestre (Am.) ; baber, 
'pittor^ FRAG. 4; baxtoe Halliw. 153; 
bakMtoTM (/)/.) Lancu Sm. 79. 

iMk-om, sb., O.E. baeceni ; bakelumu, 'pis- 
Mmim^ PRAC. 4 (VOC. 93). 

■b, 0£. btecbOs, - MJi.G. 



bach-, bochQs ; bakekotut, 'pistrina^ PR. P. 

31 ; bachous 'pistnmim ' voc. 304 ; E. w. 73. 

btUdngo, sb., baking, 'pistura,' fr. p. 31. 

bal, sb., OJV. bftllr, - UJ/.G. bal, geii. 

balles; bali, treat. 137; Trev. III. 435; 

s. s. (Wr.) 3066; RICH. 4506; (ballel) Ch. 

C. T. ^3614; )ttne little bal AYENB. 179; 

balls {dot.) TREAT. 134 ; b«UM {pi.) LA^ 

17443; Alis. 6481. 

bal-pletor*, sb., ballplayer, PR. P. 23. 
b«l-ploow«, sb., ball'Pl^, a. r. 318. 
bU.«Mb«l. 

baUde, sb., O.Fr. balade; ba/lad,GOV. 1. 133. 
balan, sb., / O.Fr. balin ; a strong ituff mad^ 

of tow, Alsx. 48$!. 
bslaDOe, sb., O.Fr. balance; balance, ROB. 

300; AYEN& 30; belaunce Will. 948. 
bald, balden, ue baald. beoldon. 
baldenudn, sb., gentian, Gow. 1. 99 ; fr. p. 

33. 
Mle, sb., OJ^r. bale ; bale, ' buJga,' PR. P. 33 ; 

A. p. iii. 157 ; bAlea {pi.) Fer. 4303. 
bile, adj., O.E. bealu, - Goth. *balws ; baUfiil, 

evil,perntdous,KiHCi3%y,^>altAn'a.dhao>i. 

1.383; "^ s« t}alc bere Kath. 3370; bate 

dee^ Langl. A xviii. 35 ; bale stmir A. P.'iU. 

436 ; bale bieniet D. ARTH. 1483. 
b&le, bain, beln, sb., O.E. bealu, beak>,- 

OJ..C. balu, OM.G. balo, OJf. bftl n.j bale, 

destruction, calamity, Laj. 14(5, 3597, 19519; 

fat baleu uisc. 43 ; & tet beali [bali] blencte 
UL. 73, 73 ; bale R. u. 3 ; OEn. & ex. 68, 
1984: Hav. 337; SPEC 36; s. S. (Web.) 703 ; 
Will. 75; Langl. £ xviii. 300; Gaw. 3419; 
Iw. 3063; PR. c 6465; Amad. (R.)iv; hwone 
^ bale is aire hecst ^nne is )w bote aire 
aecst O. Sc n. 687, 699 ; baUwwi {geit.) Hisc. 
97; balawa, balwe, tnluwe {dot.) Li^. 310k 
i6t8, 37065 ; balewe [bale] Kath. 551 ; al bi 
blissc to balewe [bale] scbal iwurben REL. 1. 
183, 185 (MISC. 136, 137); after bale corae^ 
boteFL.ftBi.83i; bat isfalle bale leche AL. 
(T.) 179 ; baluwM {gen. pi.) La> 9M5: 
balnran {dal.pl.) frag. ;. 

ba]»-b«iidP sb., cmel bond: balobondaa ' 
{pi.) (?bale bondes) MaRH. 13. 

bftlo-dnnt f sb., mortal blow ; baUdAnteB 
HOH. I. 3S1. 

balu.(bht, sb., mortal /gkt, La). 5943. 

balu-ftil. adj, OJE. beaJofijll | baU/ul, Laj. 
34938; HOH. 1. 315 ; balub', balefiil a. r. 
114. 



baln-raa [balonnaa], sb., Laj. 35936. 

balob-vS, sb., O.E. bealusffi; evil /ale, 
HOU. I.aoo; balesiV Marh. 33'; tohisbale- 
si¥e Laj. 567 ; balanfiM (pi.) RBI. 1. 179. 

balo-atenr, sb., deatk strvggUi bed me 
UUvc Boi batestoor A. p. iii. 435. 



4% 



bale. 



banerere. 



b»lu*wifly adj., 0,N. bdlviss (ms. baeliwis); 
wicked, balejul, La). 1713a 

baleiy sb., O.Fr. balai; balei« (//.)i rods, 
Shor. 47 ; Langl. a X. 176. 

baleisexiy y^yflog with rods ; baleiaed (pret^ 
Langl. -5 V. 175; 

baldne, sb., OJ^r, baleine, Lot, balaena; 
whaUy voc 222 ; baleines (pL) Trev. 11. 13. 

bales, sb., OJ^r, balais ; balas, ^^h^t CT. love 
78 ; balas QUAIR 46. 

bal), 2Ld].y flat'iopped : balwe * planus* PR. p. 
22 ; a bal3 ber3 Gaw. 2172 ; his bal3e haunchez 
203a. 

ball, f «^ beli. 

balinger, sb., A.Fr. balenger, = OJ^r. ba- 
leinier (wkdle-skip) \ a sea-going vessel \ 
balingers (//.) n. £. d. 

baliflte, sb., Lot. ballista; baliatis {pi.) WiCL. 
I Macc. vi. 20. 

balke, sb., O.E. balca, « OJ^ris. balka, O.L.G. 
balco, 0,H.G. balco, balcho, OJV. bjalki; balk, 
beam J ridge in afield; ^trabSyPorca,* VK.v,, 
21, 22; Ch. C. t. -4 3920; TowNL. 99 ; LUD. 
Cov. 343; balkes (//.) ^trefs* voc 170; 
Langl. A vi. 109. 

baUdziy y.y^Swed, balka ; balk, f lough awry, 
^porcol PR. P. 22 ; but so wel nalt no man 
yt, plogh \dX he ne balke}> o)ier while Gow. 
1.296. 

ballard, sb., baldheaded man, Trev. L 24I ; 
WiCL. 4 KINGS ii. 23. 

balle, sb., « M.H.G. balle ; ^o//, '/f/o,' voc. 
240 ; Octav. (H.) 1272 ; c M. 16788 ; see bal. 

balled, adj., bald, Trev. L 283 ; Langl. B xx. 
183 ; Ch. C, T.Aifjl^', ballid Ualvus ' PR. P. 
32 ; WiCL. LEV. xiii. 41 ; ballid and bar was 
\t reson dep. R. iv. 70. 

balled o5te, sb., bald coot, ^blarie* voc 165. 

ballednessey sb., baldness, Rob. 48s* ; rel. 
II. 56; ballidnesse ^ccUvities'* PR. P. 22. 

ballen» v., 0./r. bailer, baler ; dcuice ; bale c. 

». 13139. 
ballok, sb., 0,E, bealluc, proving, ballock ; 

^ testiculus,* voc. 208; ballokee (//.) Mand. 

162 ; WiCL. LEV. xxii. 24. 

ballok-ood, sb., scrotum, voc 208. 

ballok-knii^sb., knife with two knobs on the 
handle, Langl. ^xv. 151. 

ballok-Btdn, sb., ^genitale,* voc 208. 

bealloc-wirt, sb., orchis, leechd. III. 313. 

balmin, see basmen. balsme, see basme: 

baltren» v., - Dan. baltre ; stumble about ; 
balteres {pres.) a. p. iii. 459 ; baltirde {pret.) 
D. Arth. 782. 

balu, see bale, bame, see baeme, -en. 

ban, sb., O.E. bann, » OJ^. bann, O.L.G., 
O.H.G. ban, O.Fris. ban, bon ; ban, edict : 
(h}is ban aboute he sende ROB. 187 ; er ^ )ie 
bami es igred Shor. 71 ; lat crie ])e ban )K>rgh 



|ie toun £. G. 359 ; baxine {dat.) A. p. ii. 95 ; 
ich fohi )>an ahte manne and fieo bi nihte in 
heore banne o. & N. 390 ; comp. ^e-ban. 

b&n, sb., OJE. ban, » OJL,G., O.Fris. b^, 
O.H.G., OM. bein ; bone, La^. 7559 ; HOM. I. 
253 ; KATH.232 ; TRIST.274 ; bon ROB. 126; 
boon WiCL. GEN. xxix. 14 ; ban, banes [bones] 
(pi.) La^. 1603, 1875 ; bon frag. 6 ; o. & N. 
1 120 ; MISC. 54 ; CHR. £. 417 ; bone REL. I. 
120; banes KatH. 2517; Iw. 2052; bones 
A. R. 350 ; buones avenb. 148 ; bftaen {dot. 
pi.) La^. 29562 ; comp. bao-, ohfiak-, hAfd-, 
lend-, Bohin-ban(-bdn). 

bftn-f!r, sb. {ms. banefyre), bonfire, ^ ignis 
ossium,* CATH. 20. 

bftn-lfia, adj., O.E. bSnleas; boneless, Kath. 

251. 
bdn-8dhawe, sb., sciatica, PR. P. 44. 

bftn-wort, sb., O.E. banwvrt,= Af.-fir.CP.bein- 
wurz {senecio) ; bonewort {name of many dis^ 
Hnct plants) ; 'osmunda' VOC (W. W.) 556; 
bonwort or daisie MS. in PR. P. 52. 

band, sb., - OX.G., O.Fris,, Q.N. band, O.H. 
G. pant, band n.; band {bond), Iw. 2394; 
Degr. 869; TowNL. 219; irene band Orm* 
1 982 1 ; bond ' vinculum, ligamen * PR. P. 43 ; 
CL. M. 72 ; ' instita ' VOC 1 82 ; ' laqueus ' Bek. 
1099; Tor, 518; ^foedus* WiCL. GEN. xiv. 
13; Man. (F.) 2851 ; hwo so brdcis this bond 
AUD. II ; and gat of hem )ie band [bond] 
{obligation) Ch. C. t. ^^1558; )ie bond 
^ hi^te matrimoine A 3094 ; bande {pi.) 
Sax. CHR. 254; bonde ^vincula^ voc 180; 
SPEC 58 ; ¥or (h)ise fon he leide in bonde 
GEN. & EX. 2693 \ bandes PR. c 3209 ; slaepes 
bandes Orm. 2971 ; bondes ^bandecuis* rel. 
II. 83 ; Marh. 13 ; Hav. 538 ; iren bondes 
Mand. 163 ; les me out of bonde spec 29. 

band-dogge, sb., fbanddog, voc 187 : bond- 
dogge ' tnolosus ' PR. P. '43. 

bande, see bounde. 

bandon, sb., O.Fr. bandon ; disposition, dis' 
cretion, R. R. 1163; bandun, baundun A. R. 
338 ; ich am in hire baundoun spec 27 ; see 
abandfUL 

b4ne, sb.,*" O.E. bana, bona, O.Fris. bona, 
O.L.G. bano, O.H^G. pano, M.Du. bane, O.N. 
bani m. {interfector) ; bane, destroyer, destruc' ' 
Hon, ' exitium,' PR. p. 22 ; HOM. 1. 243 ; REL. 
L 219 (misc 15) ; Ch. C. t. A 1097 ; Man. 
(F.) 8330 ; Tor. 1691 ; he slou) his fader 
ban(e) Trist. 901 ; bane, bone Kath. 2397 ; 
Marh. 13 ; he wes moni ennes monnes bone 
[bane] LA^.7554; bone a. R.222; I^erc 1338; 
comp, ben-bane. 

bftnen, 2lA].,'»M.H.G. beinin; made of bone ; 
wi)> bonene wal rel. I. 112. 

banere, sb., O.Fr. banere, baniere; banner, 
A. R. 300 ; baner ROB. 167 ; Ch. C. t. A 966 ; 
Man. (F.) 8445. 

banerere, sb., O.Fr, banerier; standard 



OJV.h 



baneret. 

itarer, C U. IS703; banerrere OCTOr. (W.) 
1604. 

baneret, sb., O.Fr. baneret ; boMturtl, Degr. 
1017 ; bAQwata {pi.) ROB. 551. 

banenr, ab^ OJ'r. baneor; stanJard'btartr, 
Rob. jiSi ; baneur, buiiour C U. 13733 ; 
banier, baneour Langl. B lev. 428 ; baniour 
Trbv. 11.315. 

iHtniMihiii, v., OJ'r. banisv ; hatdtk, PR. p. 
33 J hanlahwrt {ppU.) Ch. C. t. A 1735. 

buJc, lb.,- OJ^ris. bank, bonk m., O.H.G. 
banch, panch m. /., O.N. baktd m.; ianM 
{wuund, shore); bench; 'ripa! voc 339 ; PR. 
P. 33; bank scamnum LUD. COV. 170; bonk 
Gaw. 700; bonk (mound) a. p. i. 103; banks 
{dat^ Lamgl. a prol. 8 ; upon ^ see bonke 
Gaw. 1. 165 ; bonke Will. 3718 ; stod uppcn 
uie boncke (jec. text benche) La). 35185; 
b«iikas(//.) Trev. II. 37; Isuu. 169; Jnub 
bankea & Jnirh gnefes Oru. 931a 

banker, sb., / OJ^r. banquier; tlofh, or carpet, 
for a bench, pr, p. 23 ; bttakan {pi.) ant. 
Arth. ucxv. 

buinen, v., O.E. baonan, bonnon (pret. beon, 
iplt. gebonnen), - O.H.G. bannan, O.Fris. 
inna, bonna (^et, bCn, banle, Mle. bannen), 
'Jf. banna {prei. banna¥a) ; oan, proclaim, 
summon, curtf, bannen, boiinien [banni] La}. 
7953, 6054, 19907 ; txumm, ' maledico, exse- 
ero* PR. p. 33; bonne RKL. I. 177; WiLU 
476 ; Fer. 5434 ; Lancl. ^4 i. 60 ; i banne be 
birde ^t me bar ant. Arth. vii ; >— ««*Aa 
(/r«/.)GEN.&EX.33i3; bKnned PBRC.3133; 
bonnede [bannedej his ferde Li^. 1 763 ; bonnc- 
den belmea 333S8 ; comp. tas; j^bsnnan. 

bsnne-note, ih.,= proving, bannut; wal- 
nut, voc 181. 

bantel. s\>.,T^llar; bantalei {pi.) a. p. i. 
991 ; bantelst. 1016; banteUes ii. 1459. 

t»pte«ne, baptiBme, sb., OJ'r. baptesme ; 
baptism, Lakgu jSx). 119, Cxiii. 58 ; baptim 
WICL. Efh. iv. 5 ; baptem A. P. i. 626. 

baptisen, v., Fr. bapdser; baptise; baptbe 
Rob. 86 ; baptlMd (.pple.) Jos. 686. 
baptiatng, sb., action of baptism, Rob. 86 ; 
CU. 171. 

baptute, sb., Fr. baptiste ; baptist, a. r. i6a 

baptlste, sb., bi^tism, b, disc sis. 
' baptiie, baptifl, sb., baptism, c h. 13754; 
baptbe B. DISC 1360. 

bar, sb., O.Fr. bar ; » baron. ROB. 544. 

bar, adj., adv. & ib.^ 0£. ba^, - M.Du. baer, 
OJI.G. bar, par, O.N. berr ; bare, naked, un- 

' armed, mere, Brd. 34; Iw. 3470; ^t heo 
ini}t(e) of ^ hexte men {lai lond make bar 
Rob. 12s ; bare [bar] Laj. 3420; bare spec 
50; be bare o. & n. 56; bareeotfe & chos to 
bedde ROM. II. 139; beaten bire beare bodi 
Jul. 37 ; for one bare sunne 7. L. S. viii. 105 ; 
midooebare wordeo.&N. 547;beS.. .ba[re 
of encb b:is*e Katb. 847 ; outtaken bare 



bareL 



43 



(iwfo.) two A. P. ii. 15731 oa hire bare fbten 
^3- 4997 i comp. )>rtd-bare. 

bar-Ot, adj., O.E. beeifSt, •- OJ^ris. berfBt, 
M.H.G, barvuoi ; barefoot, Lai. 8843 ; Hat. 
863; Orf. 336; H. 11.90; barfoot LUD. Cov. 
59 ; barvot a. r. 430. 

bar-haved. adj., - Af.H.G. barhoubet ; bars' 
headed, Man. (F.) 3353 ; barbed s. & C II. 
xni \ bareheed WiCL. LEV. jdii. 45. 

bar-lanad, adj., bare-legged. Will. 3767. 

baie-li, adv., barely, plainly, Gaw. 548; 
MiN. tii. 38, 

baraneaae^ sb., bareness, ' nuditasj pr. p. 34. 

bare-Tis, adv., vdfh uncovered face; Mam. 

(H.) 133. 

bar, »b., 0£. bar,=if.Z,.G.bSr, OJ{.G.\^. 

pfr; boM-\ bar, bor La;. 7503 (miswritten 

Dxr 1697} ; bare Iw. 341 ; DeGR. 43 ; AT. 

Arth. lii ; bor a. R. sBo ; Hat. 1867 ; RoB. 

133 ; AYENB. 69 ; Will. 303 ; boor Mand. 

338 ; boor, bore LanGL. fxi. 333 ; bore P. S. 

iji ; barea {gen.) LA5. 30391 ; bSrea {pi.) 

Hat. 3331 ; bores, booies Ch. C. t. A 1658. 
b0i^«par, sb., O.E. Urspere; boafspear, 

' vena{bul)um,' TKAG. 3. ' 
baniiQ,adj., OJ>.baiaigne; Aww«,a.r.is8[ 

baraine Gaw. 1330 ; barein Ch. C. t. A 1977. 
baratonr,sb.,O.J^r.barateor(TK«'ff<iKrr); guaf 

rtlsome person, rioter, PR. P. 115; chaa^on, 

PERC 363. 
barbar, sb., Gr. Sapffapm ; barbarian, Wicl. i 

COR.WV. 11 ; barbre Ch. C. t. J 381; bai^ 
- baria (pi.) Wicl. deeds xxviii. i. 
barbe, sb., O.Fr. barbe ; iarb {of an arrow) ; 

sort of veil used by women ; p. u S. jmi. 350 ; 

Gaw. 1457,3310. 
barberl, sb^ OJ^r. berberis ; barberry, PR. P. 

33 ; barbere AV. Akth. vi. . 
barbet, sb., Fr. barbette; sort of veil, V. S. 

154. 
barbioan, sb^ OJ^r.sjiaibacane; barbican, 

outwork to a fortress, ' aiUemvrale^ vvl. p. 33; 

Ali& 1591 ; Gaw. 793 ; bubccan Fu & Bl. 

344. 
barbour, sb., O.Fr. barbeor; barber, s. S. 

{Web.> 1874 ; Trev. IV. 385 ; CH. C. T. A 

3035. 

barbre, su barbar. 
bare, see bar and barewe. 
bftre, sb., O.N. bara, - O.E. b£re, MJ}u. 

baere, cf. mod.Eng. bore {tidal wave) ; wave, 

u. H. 135 ; Trist. 356 ; cf. bSre. 
barej, wbar;. 
bareinease, Ab.,iarreiiness,WiCL. gen. xxvi. i. 



barel, sb., O.Fr. bareil ; barrel, * cadus,' VOC. 
176; Ch. C. t. 53083; Man. (F.) 3616; 
barail P. L. s. xsii. 33. 



44 barelle-ferrers. baama* 



barelle-ferrers, sb. pi., cf. OJ^r. feifiere barll-water, sb., barUy-water^ s. s. (Web.) 
(travelling-bottle) ; vessel for earring wine 1574. 
on journeys : barelle ferrers thei brochede barm, see bearm. 

D. Arth. 2715; barell-ferreris Barb. XV. 39. barmeken, bameldnoh, sb.,- barbioan: 
baret, sb., 0,Fr. barat ; debate^ trouble^ frauds Balaan in be barmeken sa bitterli fi^tis Alex. 

A. R. 154 ; Hav. 1932 ; GaW- 353 ; baret & 1301 ; at the barnekinch he abad Degr. 375. 
strif P. L. s. xxiii. 137 ; in gret bai^t and bale bam, see beam. 

Will. 5517; barat AYENB. 39. baronige, sb., 0,Fr. baronage, baraage; 

barewe, sb., 0,E, (meox-)berewe, }^MJ>n. baronage, HokN (L.) 1282 ; ayenb. 58; Jos. 
bcrve (cf. MJ)u. gherve - gherwe) ; from 62; baraage Fl. & Bl. 639; Hav. 2947; 
b6ren ; b<irrow, lumdcart^ bier : \e^ ich Will. 4797. 

schbldebeobideriboreinbareweoferinbere baronesae, sb., O.Fr. baronesse; baroness, 
Bek. 899 ; barowe PR. P. 25 ; Flor. 2031 ; pj^ p 25 

bare Greg. 196; me leiden hem in bare & baronet, sb., inferior baron, 'barunculusi 
burden hem ful jare Horn (L.) 891 ; comp. v^n^^ ' »/y^r*c^ vurun, vi*runf,M*^M^, 

hand-, wMl-barowe. J^^ . ,_ ^ r« ,. • x 

ban, sb.,a^.bearg,beanig,bearh,-^.Z)«. ^«W»"®t sb., 0,Fr. hzxomt^ barony, RoB. 

b^h, aVV: b6?J^./^ pare 349, 479; b«oida8 (>>^) ayenb 38. 

panic, parue ; barrow (castrated fng) : bare; *>«"»«> s^-i O.Fr, bame; bar, 'vectisj PR. P. 24 ; 

fbarehj o. & N. 408 ; baenih fragI 3 ; bard voc. 261 ; Hav. 1794 ; a barre^f iron Ch. C. 

koB. 207 ; barowes (//.) d. Arth. 191. ?• ^ ^^5 ; l>arren (//.) hom. 1. 131 ; barrcs 

Ktt»<M>{*«l «K n jr^ K»V^:^^. a^^.,^1 no « Langl. -ffxvui. 319; be barres of his belt 

^f?S^ifn a^;k« ^^^ni^^U^i!: Gaw. 162; >e baiiei ot^ burhe Kath. 2349. 
24 ; bargain ayenb. 9 ; oargem Ogw. 11. 223 ; . _ V ^ r- . » » . 

bargttines (//.) Ch. C. t. A 382. barrere, sb,, OJ^r. bamcre ; tamer, pr. p. 

barganer, sb., W««r: barganers and ^llg*"*^ ^^''^ *' '^^ "' "395 barers Fer. 

okerarsandlu&rs ofsimoneeToWNL. 313. -* ,' ^_ . , , ..i . 

bwganiin, v., O^r. bargaignier; iarvatn, pr. pR, p. ^ . i„,„^ (^^, j ^iix. 2046 ; barrid 

P.24;bargameWiCL.S.w.II.3i3;T)argeine (^&.) Trum. 1188. 

E. w. 473 ;baTgaaae(«/^) BARB, uu 334. B^ooaohire, pr. n, O.E. Bearrucsdre ; 
bwrge, sb., a/r. barge, LXa/. barca ; ^o/g*, Berkshire, P. L. s. xJii. 48. 

K-it^^'^'i- K • ' *«-n*'\ nan »»». "b., OJ?. bears, baBrs,-Jf.Z?«., 0J>. 

Darin, v., a£. banan, - MJ)u.^xv&, O.H.G. ^^ . ^^, /^;|) , -^^^ g ^ ,57 . ^j^^ p^, p_ 

(gi)paron, &.Vv.bera; Mrf,x/nA vfftVTZ/^r, PR. 30. w /i 

P. 34: his fader he it gan unhiUen & baren .,^ '.^..^ . o r v . i _._ «. » -. 

gen! & ex. 1912 ; baryid (ppie.) a. p. ii. 1 149. J^^^^' ' ' ^' 

barkysb., ^.AT. bdrkr,»il/.Z>f/.barke;».; ^ar^ w?l^ v ^'r u u a t,^w 

(^/ a /rJ^), ' cortex^ VOC. 229 ; Mand. 189 ; ^"^ ^^' ^•^''- ^^' ^^- ^'^ ' J^^'^'J^^**' 

IW.741; barkePR:p.24; iIngl. i? xi. 25 1 "' 35; Hav. 31 ; p. l. s. n. 108 ; barOnaa 

barke (dot.) R. R. 7267? " (^^^-^ ^^ 53 19 ; baroune (//.) ayenb. 38. 



^^...^^ y.,'^Dan. barke, Swed. barka; ^«r>& ^^8* a^J-i O.Fr. hsa,from late Lai. bassus; 

(leather), tan; become covered with a bark; ^<w^i ^^^'j Gow. I. 98 ; has (low) voice Mer. 

^funio, t€mHO,* PR. P. 25 ; he barbed over as 57^« 

a turfe c. M. 11824; barkid (pple.) Lidg. baaohen, j^^ baisaen. 

M. P. 53. baao, sb., Fr, base, Lat» basis ; ^/ ; bas Ch. 

barkere, sb,,^ Swed. barkare; tanner, PR. astr. ii. 41 (52); basse a. p. i. 999; baaea 

p. 24; barkare VOC. 194. (//.) ii. 1278. 

barlio, sb., cf, bare (O.N. barlak is probably baaelard, sb., a sort of dagger, ^pugio,' PR. 

from O.E.) ; barley, rel. 1. 215 ; bxrlic Sax. P. 25 ; * sica,' voc 263 ; baslarde Langl. B iii. 

CHR. 252 : barlich, barli WiCL. EX. ix. 31 ; 303 1 MiRC 48. 

bcrlei Mand. 272 ; barliohe (dot.) Trev. I. baser, baser, sb., executioner, N. E. d/ 

4^5* basilisk, sb., Gr. fiaatKUKos ; basilisk, PS. xc. 

barU-brad« sb., barlev-bread, voc. 198; 13 ; basUiook CH. C. T. 7853. 

Langl. A vi. 137 ; barlibreed Ch. C. t. Z> 144. basin; see badn. bftsk, see baisk. 

barU-cake, sb., barley-cake, Gow. III. 216. basken, v., / OJ^. ba^ask ; baski\i^ ba8ka> 

barU-oom, sb., barley-corn, WiCL. 2 KINGS him about fer inne Gow. L 290. 

**^' 3°* basket, sb., basket, ^corbis,* pr. p. 26 ; cm. 

barU3.iaf, sb., barUy-loaf, Orm. 15511. 4489 ; baaoates (pi.) LEB. JeS. 21 ; basketes 

barli-m61e, sb., barley-meal, PR. p. 25. Ch. C. T. C445. 

h9iX]i'wSl9t sh., barley-season/ tempusordea- basme, sb., O.Fr. basme, Lot. balsamum; 

nirz/f,' PR. p. 25 ; ^ m6te-8§le. balm, H. M. 13; balsme Gow. IIL 315; 



basmen* 



baud* 



45 



bame A. r. 164; baume Trky. I. 107; 

Mand. 5a 
basmen* v., embalm; balmin, baomin 'Sai- 

^am0' PR. p. 27; bame p. r. l. p. 216; 

balmbe Chest. 1. 165 ; baumad (Mf.) Aus. 

4670; bawmede (smeared) WiCL. JOHN 

ix.6. 
basBp sb.| Laf. basium ; JUss, cr. love 797. 

bast» sb., O^. baest, « OJVl, MX,G., O.H.G. 
bast M. n, ; bast : take a stalwor^ baste and 
binde mi handes bihind me faste Halliw. 
148 ; bare as a bast D. Troy 4773. 

baste-tre, sb., lime-tree, Uiliai voc. 192. 

bast» sb., 0,Fr. bast (bat) ; bttstardy : an sone 
. . . )iat was a bast ibore Rob. 425 ; he was 
bigeten o bast Ar. & Mer. 7644. 

bastard, sb., O.Fr, bastard ; basiard, CHR. £. 
890; L. H. R. 50*; Trev. I. 251. 

bastile, sb., Fr. bastille ; tower of a castle, PR. 

P. 26. 
baatin, v., 0,N. basta, - O.H.G, htsXtxi,from 

baat; baste, * subsuo,* PR. P. 26; baattn^ 

{pple.) R. R. 104. 
baaton* sb., 0,Fr. baston, bastun; stave, 

stansa, REL. II. 175; bastoun, bastun c, M. 

bat» sb., l^Ger, batze m. (massa)y clod; a 
batofer^ Langl. Cxix. 92. 

bat, sh., /or dabat ; bate, lxtd. Cov. 12 ; bate 
a M. 9684. 

bftt, sb., O.E. bat, c/. O.N. baft ; boat, Jul. 60 
^e bat [bot] La^. 2386; ; bot Trist. 354 
S. S. (Wr.) 3146 ; boot WiCL. Jos. vi. 22 
bate (diU.) Degr. 919; bote Aus. 3497 
bates (//.) Man. (H.) 241 ; bSten {dat. pL) 
La^ 14746. 
bdte-swain, sb., boatswain, ST. R. 21. 

[bftt, sb., comp, grist-bat] 

batidle, sb., 0,Fr» bataille; battle, o. & N. 
X197; AYENB.83; s. S.(Web.)20ii; bataile, 
bataille Ch. C. t. ^879; bataille Horn 
(L.) 574 ; Shor. 109 ; batel C M. 3463. 

tetailed, adj., O.Fr, bataillie ; battlemented, 
C M. 9902 ; baitailed A. P. ii. 1183. 

batailen, v., 0,Fr. batailler ; engage in battle, 
fight, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (18). 

batailons, adj., battaillous, Gow. III. 118. 

[batailonr], bateltir, sb., OJ^r, bataileor; 

warrior, Alis. 1433. 
batails, sb. pi., f battels, apol. 76. 
batelmenty sb., battlement, a. p. il. 1459. 
[b&tien, v., comp, grist-bfttien.] 
batildore, sb., fO,Fr, batadoir, mod.Eng, 

battledore ; mallet, voc. 269 ; batildoure PR. 

P. 27. 

b&tixi,v.,y2?rab4ten; ^^, PR. p. 26; batede 
(Pret.) A. P. ii. 440. 

bAtin, y.,for deb&ten ; PR. p. 26. 

batren, v., batter; batride, batred (pret.) 



Langl. ^iiL 192*; ibatrid {ppU.) Fbr. 
896. 

batte, sb., Fr, batte ; bat, cudgel, ^justis,* voc. 
263; PR. P. 26 ; botta (<^.) A. i^. 366 ; battea 
(//.) Trev. I. 381 ; Alis. 78 ; battis Wicl. 
MAT. xxvL 47; botten [battes] La^. 21593;. 
bottes MISC. 43. 

battin, v., beat with clubs, ^Justigo,' PR. P. 
26 ; batteda {pret,) Langl. A iii. 192. 

batore, sb., batter, ' batura,* cath. 24 ; batere 
L. c c. 38. 

ba8, sb., 0,E. b««,-OJV: ba¥, OJ^G. b^th, 
OJrris. beth, O.H,G. bad, pad ; bath, HOM. 
II. 226 ; R. S. v ; bab)> Orm. 18044 ; be% A. R. 
394 ; \ix softeste be% hom. 1. 35 ; be)> ayenb. 
74 ; batSe idat,) La^ 2852 ; be^ HOM. I. 
23 ; baSea (//.) a. r. 396. 

b&8e, adj. & pm., O.N. hsXir,^ O.JLG. b€thia, 
O.Fris. b€de, O.H.G, beidc; both. Sax. 
CHR. 253 ; Kath. 1622 ; bio . . • ba^ 
{earlier text bu tu) for^ eoden Lk. i. 7; 
bis maiden was ba¥e faderles & moderles 
kath. 'jt; ba)ie IsuM. 400; for to deme 
babe )ie gode ft ]>e uvele hom. I. 143; 
bape waeren aide Orm. 250; Crist is ba^ 
god & man 1360; ba¥e, bo¥e [bo)iel Laj. 
17014, 27305 ; ba^, bo)ie, be)ie Hav. 1680, 
2543, 2816 ; bo]>e c. L. 497 ; bo))e we habbe)> 
steifne brihte o. & N. 1681 ; bo|« heo were 
noble men Rob. 48 ; bat ... is boj« meke 
ft milde \J\\^ o)»ere Do)ie were hmi agein 
Man. jF.) 610; bofe two Map 336; Ch. 
C. T. ^ 1716; bobe two his hondes Jos. 697 ; 
bo^ tvo Fl. ft Bl. 525 ; hi deie^ bo^ tvo 
TREAT. 139 ; bo¥e, beo^ A. R. 10, 162 ; bo]»e, 
be]>e Langl. Cxiii. 73; be]>e Aus. 4847; 
batSre {gen.) Kath. 1790; )>urh be^ halve 
btsne Orm. 2794 ; bober Langl. ^ii. 66 ; iw. 
3556; baSen (dot,) Marh. 21 ; bo|«n Hav. 
471 ; PL. CR. 224 ; ba^ Kath. 1791 ; ba)ie 
Orm. 7636 ; bo^ Shor. 57 ; mid bo^ hon- 
den A. R. 338. 

BaSen [Ba)>e], pr. n., OJSi, Ba^an ; Bath, La^ 
21026 ; Ba))e misc. 145 ; Ch. C. t. A 445. 

bdSie, sb., tone that bathes, a. R. 214. 

b&Sien, v., 0,E. banian, =OJV: ba^ O.H.G. 
badon ; bathe, L^. 6657 ; ba)>ien P. L. s. viii. 
124 ; R. s. V (misc 180) ; ba)»ie LEG. 164 ; 
ba]^ Rob. 146; ba^n Mand. 88; b4]^)> 
{pres.) AYENB. 167 ; (heo) ba¥ie^ Laj. 171 89 ; 
he . . . ofteliine )>er inne b&Sede {pret!) La3. 
17028; babede WILL. 98; and ba)>ede (h)is 
swerd in dure blod(e) Fer. 3100; bathed 
{pple.) Ch. C. t. A 3. 

b&thinge, sb., bathing, PR. p. 26. 

baa, int., cf, Ger, ba ; bah, Langl, ^xi. 135. 

baubelet, sb., O./r. baubelet; bauble; beau- 
belea (//.) a. r. 388*. 

baud, adj., O.Fr. baud (hardi, gai) ; joyous, 
boastful, r. r. 5674; of wordes ne was swi^e 
baud Horn (d.) 96. 



46 



bands. 



bande, sb., iawd, ' Utu^ pr. f. 37 ; Lamgl. 

A iii. 124 ; Ch. C. t. D 1354. 
bandekin, sb., OJ''r. baodekin ; a predous 

silk stttf, PR. P. 7.7 ; Aus. 759- 
banderie, iti.,gaiety, mirth, Ch. C. t. D 1305. 
baaderUi, %\>.,^M.H.G. balderich ; baidrUk, 

Gaw. 34B6; baudrik Ch. C. t. <4ti6; 

baudri Aus. 4698 ; bAUderlkls (^.) LiDG. 

M. P. 8. 
baadi, adj., dirty, Lakgl. ^v. 197; baudi 

and totore CH. C. t. £635. 
bandfltrot. sb., QJ^r. baudetroi ; bawd, VOC. 

317; Langl. ^4 iii. 42*. 
baome, baumeh, su boame, -«a. 
banaon, sb., j(u^frr,PR.p. 37; bausin 'c<u/<:rr' 

voc 177; baUBona (//.j Trev. I. 327; 

baudncs WILL. 2399. 
baztere, tti bakeatre. 
be,»«M. 
bdaiJue, set 'bSfcne. 
bSah, sb^ O.E. be«g, b€ah,-a^.(?. pouc, 

boug, O.N. baugr; from bO^iBn; ring, collar, 

bracelet,' {ar)milla,' FSMi. a; beef'torfuem' 

WiCL. gen. xli. 43 ; cane beh Laj. 34530 ; 

beije Trjst. 265; b^h RKL. I. 160; bei 

HaLUW. 171 ; Fbeey ( printed beetix) SHOR. 

109 ; bfiU, bije (dot.) l. H. R. 38, 39 ; bCjoa, 

bfhjcs [bejea] (pi.) Laj. 743S. 21640; b^s 

and ringes GEN. & ex. 1390 ; beies HOH. I. 

193 ; bercR be^es [beijes, bijea] ful briite 

abouten here nekkes Langl. B PROL. 161 ; 

comp. Bweor-bteb. 
beaiell, sb., 0.fr. beiaid ; great-grand/aHur, 

D. Troy 13474. 
beald. bUd, adj., 0£. beald, baId,*OX.C. 

bald, O.H.G. paid, Goth. «ba1|is, OJf. baUr; 

bold; bald hom. I. 357 ; Orm. 318; ; Trist. 

997 ; Shor. 123 ; Iw. 1402 ; bald [bold] La]. 

^343; bald, bold ayenb. 100, 105, 158; 

bold o. & N. 405 ; AN. UT. 3 ; Tor. i ; be 

thoa bold it shal be bought ». Arth. 3483 ; 

betd &. S. (Web.) 2042 ; b. disc 2123 ; bAlde 

{dot. m.) La;. 9613; b&ldere (g-en. da/, j:) 

Laj. 10387, 16045 ; bildne (ace. m.) 6594 ; 

bealde (pi.) Shor. 100; alle his bigginges 

bolde IsuM. 78 ; belde Horn (L.) 602 ; Alis. 

5004; Jnirh belde worde O. & N. 1715; 

baidere (gen. pi.) Laj. 17356; bilden 

(dot. pi.) 25163; bAldon {compar.) ROB. 

509 ; SPEC. 27 ; baldore, boldere LanGL. 

.^iv.94; baldest (j»^/.]La;.36i78; comp. 

tm-baid. 
bilde, adv., Af./f.G. balde ; ioldly, quickly, 

M. H. 33, 131. 

l>61d-hAda,sb.,A;/iilw»,0.&N. 514; Man. 
(F.) 1346s. 

MUde-Uobe, adv., O.E. bealdllce; boldly, 
Laj. 34673; Kath. 719; a. r. 63; balde-, 
boldeliche 0. ft N. 401, 1707 ; boldliche 
AVENB. 63; baid«llk« {adv.) Ha v. 53; lok 



biard. 

hou it is and tel me boldeli {f quickly) Ch. C. 
T. A 3433 ; baidallkar {eompar.) P. L. S. xi 
69. 

bfldnMa, sb., boldness, impudence, con- 
fidence, p. Troy 336; Langu Bxym. 386; 
Man. (H.) 40. 

baid-slpe, sb., boldness, Laj. 24943*. 
beBldeii,b&ld«n,v,, (?.£-. bealdlan, ^ C}.^.(;. 
balden, Golh. bal)>jan ; embolden : to balden 
[boldi] {encourage) ^ne leode Laj. 4385 ) ^ 
biandei to balde Perc. 792 ; be wenche bigan 
to bolde S. S. (Wr.) 1679 ; bis baite be^an 
to bolde OcTAV. (H.) 075 ; VUdads (pret.) 
HOM. 1.373; Laj. 16337*; boldede hire tacites 
Langi. (Wr.) 1756 ; comp. on-UUdan. 
bealtfi.sb., OJ^r.bealt^.beaui^; Seauiy, spec 
'3 ; beaute Win. 4534 ; beaute, beute CH. 

:. T. A 2385. 
b^m. sb., O.E. beam, - OJ^ris. hiia, OJ..G. 
bom, O.H.G, baum, paum, bourn, poum, 
Golh. bagms, OJV. baVmr; beam, 'trabsi 
FRAG. 4 ; al Siva great swa a beam La]. 
284S; beem ' frais, Uciatorium, radius' PR. 
P.. 30; Langl. Bi. 264; Man. (H.) 103; 
w. ft I. 39 ; hem Jul*. 46; a. p. ii. 603; 
bimu (pi.) Aus. 7664; Mand. 131; Ch. 
D. Bl. 337 ; grete heme* of lijt Trev. L 
^35 ; \t leome ba strehte west riht a seovea 

■' wcs idiht Laj. 17887 ; cemp. gUo-, 



[btemi], b£mi, adj., radiant, Trev. Bartk. 
(K. E. D.). 

btemlen, v., OS:, b^amian; beam, shim', 
heme ' radio ' pr. p. 30 ; beeming Kath. 46. 

bSane, sb., 0.E, ^ait,-OJV. baun, O.H.G. 
bSna; bean; beene vOC. 177 ; beQePR.P.301 
Lamgl. B iii. 141* ; WiCL. £z. iv. 9 ; al naa 
wurji a bene Rob. 497; noujt a bene worf 
Will. 4754; ^is Absolon ne roghte nat a 
bene of al his pleie CH. C. T. A 3771 ; b*iM 
{dot,) Mand. 158 ; yt worb of a bene P. 47 ; 
Mana, bfane, beanen {pi.) LEECUD. Ill, 
86, to8 ; bene RICH. 6004 ; benes Hav. 769 ; 
bene stiau Ch. C. t. E 1423 ; bfinan (dai. 
pi.) PL. CR. 762. 
ben-oodde, sb., bean-pod, voc 333 ; boaii- 
ooddan {dai.pl.) Lk. xv. 16. 

beanen, adj., 0£. bfianen; made of beans; 
bene bred voc 198 ; Wicl. E. w. 61. 

b6ard, sb., O.E. beard, - OJ^ris. berd, MJ)u, 
baerd, a^.(7. bait, part; ^<irt/, HOU. L379; 
bard [beord] Laj. 10753; berd Marh. 9; 
Aus. 1597; Gow. n. 367; Ch. C. t. ^4 333 ; 
DeGR. B19; l>erd, beerd WiCL. 3 KINGS 
xix. 34; beerd 'W&z'PR. P. 31 ; hi ni¥ingei 
beardje) [beorde] Laj. 1673 ; uppe niVinges 
bxrde I0703 ; btodes (pi.) Gow. 1. in. 
b«rd-b»er, sb., beard-hair, Trev. III. 
33S- 

Mrd-lBa, adj., O.E. beardieas; beardUtt, 
Gow. II. 369 ; DEP. R. iii. 335. 



bearded. 

bfortfed, oAi;' bearded ; berdid 'iar6aius* 
PR. P. 33 ; becrdid WiCL. E. w. 308. 

bearm, sb., 0£. bearm, - O.L.G., O.H.C. 
bann, OJV, barmr, C(7/A. banns ; ^0<» beran : 
bosom, lap : in his bxrm (sK, lext Uppe) he 
hit bctde rel. I. 141 ; Laj. 303G1; barm 
'gremiuM ' PR. P. as ; Aus. 4103 ; bume 
{dai.) HORN (L.) 706 ; b. DISC. 577 ; Ch. C. 
T. 2^3156 ; A. P. iii. 510 ; slepeV t te deofies 



bed. 



47 



beime a. k. 3iz ; barmea {pL) Marh. 33. 

lMrm-al$)>, sb., apron, Ch. C. T. A 3336. 

bBrm-fol, sb., apron, rkl. I. 34a 

barm-batras, sb. pi., aprom, REL. II. 176. 

beum-aUn, tb., leather apron, 'meloUs,' 
PR. P. as. 
I^Mni, sb., 0£. beam, - O.Fris. bem, OJ..C., 
O.H.G., OJi., Goih. bam, Scotch bairn ; from 
beran ; child, A. R. 38 ; H. H. 3s ; ^t beam 
FRAG. S \ ytiX beam, baern, bem Laj. 91, 398, 
5034 ; bani, bxm Mat. xxii. 34 ; b^ Will. 
9 ; Lamcl. ^4 ii. 3 ; Misc 1688 ; Man. (H.) 
310; ant. Arth. xviii; bem hoh. II. 33; 
Maru. 10 ; UISC. 138 ; Hav. 571 ; spec. 81 ; 

P.L.'s.xxiii. 33 ; Au. & AUIL. 164- •- 

\G. ' - - 

i/.)'MaT. X 



igen.) frag, s ; bames Orh. 8044 ; bMune 
(2z/.) Mat. xxii. 2S; iMura{pl.)'s<iiole{sveli 
/fieri' frac. 3; Li^. 5104; beam, bem 



Hou. I. 99, aas ; baun, bames 0km. 

8040; beamea A. R. 373; beame igen.pl.) 

Mat. XX. 30 ; frag. 8 ; heme spec. s8 ; 

beamui, beamep, bemen, beame (dot. pi.) 

Mat. vii. u, 17, 35; Mk. iii. 36; Lk. i. 17 ^ 

beanien hou. I. 341 ; bernen Li^. 8061 ; 

eomp. hells-, kine-, mSdar-, ■tfiop-beam 

(■bwn). 

barn-Ice, sb., childhood, A. P. ii. 517. 
bam-hMe, sb., infatuy, C. H. 166 ; PR. c. 

8353. 
bwm-Ua, adj., childUa, Laj. 8990 ; bamles 

c. M. 7086. 
bam-ttam, ab., 0£. beamt&m ; brood ef 

children, H. U. 31 ; bemteajn GEN. & ex. 

3748 ; bamtem C. U. 17793. 
beast, see btot. be-, set bl-. 
beaten, v., O.E. beaton, = (?. A^. bauta {ppit. 

bautinn], M.H.G. bSicn ; beat, strike, correct, 

A. R. 184; Kath. 1183; mid festen hine 

beaten MK.xiv. 65 ; beate and wesse aysnb. 

336 ; belen uiSC. 4s 1 beten and boulcen 

LlutGL. B xiv. i^; bele Bee. 7s8 1 Man. 

(H.) 33B; hire sire and hire dame ^tefi 

hire to bete R. S. vii ; bfiat^ ipres.) h. m. 

31; beateV, bet A. s. 184, 186; ha beat 

and smit ayenb. 30 ; biat 100 ; hit bet Brd. 

36 ; (beo) bete^ MISC. 83 ; bei . . . betcn ^ 

stretis they lounge about Wld- E. W, 152 ; 

Mt [imfier.] A. D. 389 ; bstende (pple.) gek. 

& EX. 3713 ; bSot [pret.) A. R. 364 ; Brd. 

34; beot, bet, bene LANGL.f x. 176 (Cxij. 

134); biet Bou. II. 169; beet, bat Trev. 

Vni. 339; bet CBN. & EX. 3958; Tor. 



136s ; bet a doun barwes Will. 1073 ; beet 
Mano. 83 J Launf. 751 ; beet, bette WiCL. 
NUM. xxii. 33 ; beoten HOH. I. 131 ; Jt}L. 
36; Alis. 7565; beoten, bietoa MK. xiv. 
65 ! Lk. XX. II ; beten Hav. 1876; Mand. 
46 ; ^ wawei beote him Brd. 34 ; biete 
AYENB. is6 ; beete Cu. C. T. A 430S ; bute 
Fer. 3907 ; bai bette H. H. 73 ; bfiote (sutj.) 
A. R. 364 ; Bee. 7S9 ; b*tan (pple.) ORH. 
8168 ; beten Gow. III. 347 ; beten wi^ rede 
golde Bet, 1159; beten wib besantua ANT. 
Arth. xxix ; a grip of golde richeli beton 
on ^ molde Egl. 1031 ; bete SPEC 97 ; beete 
H. V. 76 ! bet Hav. 1916 ; bett Townu 337 ; 
comp. tr^ je-, to-bCat«n ; deriv. bStal. 

[bSatsre, sb., O.E. bEatere ; beater j eomp. 
morket-bStere.] 



beantS, see bealtS. 

beo, sb., OSr. bee; beak, rel. I. 3to; bek 

Mand. 48 ; bake {dot.) A. p. ii. 487 ; bekee 

{pi.) Ch. L.O. Ws 148. 
bfiobe, sb., 0£. bSce, boecae (Epin.), 

M.L.G. bake, O.H.G. buocha, Lot. fSgus, 

Gr, ^ifff&v {fiak) /. ; beech, ^/agus,' VOC. I81 ; 

PR. P. a? J Mohea {pi.) ayenb. 33 : Aus. 

5343 ; LanGL. .^ v. 18 ; see bOo. 
bSOben, adj., O.E. becen ; made 0/ beech, Ch. 

C.T.£rii96; injonebAobanawodeD.ARTH. 

mi- 

bdonien, JM bSknien. 

bed, sb., 0£. bed n.; prayer; bade (//.) 

Mk. ix. 39 {earlier text gebedu) ; c<mp. 

ja-bed. 

bad-hlUi, sb., O.E. bedhus ; Mouse 0/ prayer. 
Mat. xxi. 13. 

bad-rtc, sb., O.E. bedrf p ; reaping on re' 
guest; bedrepea (ms. bederpeaf (pi.) S. w. 
a?- 

bed, sb., O.E. \xAA,=O.L.G., O.Fris. bed, 
(JfM.badi, a./^.£;. beti,peti; bed,'Lii\. 19037; 
Mand. 88 ; ^t bed ayenb. 31 ; bedd Oru. 
441S ; at mi beddla (gen.) side Ch. p. f. 98; 
bedde (.to.) o. & N. 967 ! Ch. Z.i.A 3369; 
bonne men galS to bedde Lai. 711 ; be lift i 
bedde 31591 ; baddea (//.) Brd. 6; comp. 
child-, IbtMr-, graa-bad. 

bad-bare, sb., /Z.t7.bedbiiie; toral, E.W.41. 

bad-ohambre, sb., bedchamber, Trev. II. 
30I ; Langi- B v. aaa. 

bad-oISth, sb., iedcloth, PR. p. 37. 

bad-flre, bed-USre, sb., Jet^rZ/ou', Gow. II. 
229 ; bediver {printed bedyner) SPEC 491. 

bad-lawlr, adj., bedrid, PR. P. 38. 

bad-lawlr, sb., ' clinicus,' PR. p. a8. 

bed-rea^ ab., OM. bcdreaf; bedclothes, 

FRAG. 4. 

bad-reda, adj. & sb., O.E. bedrida, -reda, 
-ryda,^.it/^l7.bedderede; bedrid,^ cUniaisi 



voc. a67 ; P. i- S. xxk. 57 j Ch. C- T. D 1769 ; 
Man. (F.) 8964; bffdndwi (//.) Lancl. 
A vii, 131. 

tMd-M«d«,sb.,-JI/J7t(.bedstede; bedsttad, 
m. P. 18. 

bed-atrftu, ab., iedstraw, frag. 7 ; bedstre 
WlO- PS. ■ 

bAd-«&«ter, sb . ,kuiba»Kts cancubini, RoB. a 7 . 

b«d-Ume, sb., bedtimt, o. & K. 334. 
bedde, ib.,'O.Fris. bedda, ^./f.f;. bette; 
?-;ab«dde; o. & n. 1500*. 
beddien, v., O.E. beddian, -&.//:(;. betton; 
put to bid, La). 6658 ; bedden h. m. 43 ; 
"""' "" " ' "'1-97; 



43; bedded {PpU.) Hav. 3771; bMlde, 
i-bedde (/) o. k n. 968. 
bedding, sb., Q.E. \xM\-a.%,' MM-C^x- 
tun^; ^diSng,' strantentuiK,' FRAG. 4; bed- 
dinge CH. C. T. .^ 1616. 

bdde, i^^~OJ..G. beda, O.Frit. bede, O.H.C. 
beta,bita, Goth.'b\AA/., mod-Eng. bead; frcm 
bidden; >»nsrfr, 'oraA'c,' PR. P. aS; HOM.ll. 
135; Lai. 25514; Oru. 1156; gen. ft ex. 
137s; Hav. 1385; Gow. II. 372; Am. & 
Amil. 2351 ; p(e)os b{e)odc HOM. I. 65 ; 
bAdan {^/.) P. L. S. xvii. 56; nu we & heore 
beden [oedes] aiageV La). 19688; beoden 
biddeKLA). 19733; beoden HOU. I.49; A. k. 
140 ; Marh. 8 ; bede Uisc. 56 ; bedes Orm. 
1748 ; AYENB. 141 ; WiLL. 3024 ; if i bidde 
ani bedes LaNGI.. B v. 407 ; bedis btads 
PL. CR. 333 ; a peire of bedes Langl. B iiv. 
119; Ch. C. t. a 159; b«den {dot. fit.) 
CHR. E. 494. 

Mde-bOs, s\>.,'^OJi.G. belehfls; lumst of 
pr^er, MISC 39. 
btdA-man, sb.| • M.H.C. beteman ; beads- 
mtai, M.. (L.) 658; bedeman, brademon 
A iii. Lancl. 46 ; beodemon A. R. 356. 
bAdc-aang. sb., ORU. 6746. 
bAda-woman, sb., 'oratrix,' PR. p. 38. 

Bedefbrd, pr. n., 0^. Bedanford ; Bt^ord, 
Roa4. 

bedel, set bfldoL 

bdden, v., OJL.G. bcdon, OJJ.G. betfin ; pre^ : 
na man nalde sel bede beoden forbeoresaulc 
Laj. 35514; bede Octav.'(H.) 910; ic . . . 
bidde ^uw & bede Orh. 18337 ; bedes Hav, 
3391 ; he . . . beod & bid O & n. 1437 ; biei 
& bit HOM. I. 167 ; t)6de [nibj.) LaNCL. A 
viii. 102 ; his bedes b«d«nd {^U.) night and 
dei Halliw. 156. 

beden, stt bteden. 

bee, see bfto. beel, see bule. 

been, see bSon. bdf, see boeC beSbn, see 
baiftn. be}, see bSah. 

beft, see baffln. 

[b«}6, 1-M.H.G. (gc)bouge {pliant) comj: 
leoCebeie.] 



beggia. 

bSjen, adj., O.E. bigeo, ef. Goth, bai. 
Lot. ambo, Gr. i/i^; botk; bei;en, beicn, 
beine [beje] Laj. 2531, 2543, 33137 ; be 
kin^ beie tweien (ItaJ. ambcdue) 30038; 
beien Sax. CHr. 365; bege Mat. zv. 14; 
beie Bev. 1213 ; S. b. w. 174 ; ^t . . . ^onge 
were beie (ms. beye) Rob. 47 ; beie ^ kiages 
P. L. S. xi. 44 ; baie Ar. & Mer, 1538 ; of 
hembQen (/or bam) Oru. 15091 ; bA \p£. 
ba, </: La/, ambae /, 0£. !», bu, GeA. ba. 
Lot. ambo n.] ORH. 373 ; ba tunge & tak 
KaTH. 636 ; his blod & his brain ba weoren 
todascte L^. 1469 ; mid childe heo weren ba 
twa {cf. Ital. ambedue) 3399; boa 381 ; ba 
twa Mk. ii. 33 (earlier.lext bu tu) ; ba twa his 
honden Jul. 48 ; ba bi dei & bi niht hom. I. 
347 ; bo Fl. & BL- 547 ; P. S. 157 ; AUS. 
6763 ; s. s. (Web.) 304 ; bo fm(e) cje O. & K. 
090; bat godes hii were bo Rob. 339; his 
tederS:hismoderboAL.(T.)235; bo to Jos. 
300; bo, boa A. R. 60, 313; boo MiRC 3; 
bUre (fint.) HOM. I. 99; KATH.1790*; o.& 
N. 1584; FL.&BL.534; ROB.1^; Bek. 138; 
Langl. f ii. 66; iw heore beire nome Laj. 
5383; bft {dot.) I^). 9804; bo MiRC 1360; 
of fietn bo C. L. 1454 ; m bo two his honden 
A. R. 396. 
bfi^en, b^en, v., O.E. began, bygan, - QJ^Hs, 



beja, aA^beygJa, M.H.G. bflugen ; from btt- 
ysa\iru:Une,bend; beienJUL.37; hemoinede 
beien L^^ 1051 ; whan 1 ne mai his hurte so 



buye Bek. 1539 ; une)ie he mi}te bye his rug 
p. L. s. xvii. 167 ; mine Icneon ich beie HOh. 
I. 191 ; beieV A. R. 266; be beie% a dun to- 
ward )« bis deorewurtSe heaved HOU. !• 303 ; 
ant buKb me to grounde reL. I. 132 ; bU 
[imper) LA^ 5068; Marh. 30; beih ^ to 
me HOH. I. 211 ; bale {subj.) spec. 81 ; )>at 
hit ne breke ne beie h. m. 15 ; Mlds {prel.) 






iUL. 771 and beide {drew) heom to so 
,AJ. 29089 ; be hwil(e) Jiat ha buhde 
Kath. 2400 ; byde P. L, s. xvii. 168 ; & 
cneow beigden Mk. xv. 19 ; beighed Alis. 
4373 ; Scoites & Bnittes beiden (see. Uxf 
dro^en) to gaderes Laj. 517B; bflhed (pple:\ 
HOM. L 277; eomp. a-, je-b^en; deriv, 
bU-mm. 
be^end-Uob. adj., 0£. (ge)bigendllc ; hum- 
bU : mid beienlicbe worden La^ 4930. 
beggen, see bflggen. 

beggin, v., beg, ' meridiea,' pr. p. 38 ; beraen 
A. B. 356; beg^ Langl. Bvi. 195 ; -WlCL. 
E. w. 352; Ch. C. T. ^44535; I SUM. 150; 
begglde (pret.) Wici, John ix. 8. 



bagge on bac A. r. 168 ; beggeree (pi.) 
AYENB. 36 ; Langl. A prol. 4a 

beggerie, sb., beggary, Langl. i^vii. 88; 
WICL. PROV. xxiv. 34. 

beneetere, sb., beggar, Ch. C. T. A 242. 

boege]' [begged], sb., begging, mendicant, 



boggiiL 



belle. 



49 



Langl. C ix. 138 ; goon a begged (v.r. bigged, 
b^ggere, b^ger) Ch. C. t. /*I58o. 

baggildy bogemild, sb., ane given to beg- 
gifig\ beggilde (gen,) A. R. 168* ; begeneldes 
Langl. Cxi. 263. 

beggingOy sb., begging^ ' mendicoHOy PR. P. 
a8 ; gob on begginge Mand. 207 ; begging 
WiCL. E. w. 353 ; bigging 9. w. 128. 

b^BO, see baisk. bdh, see Mali. 

behave, -hayingey see bihabbexL 

bfiiy su bftah. beien, see bft^en. 

beiken» see beken. 

beil, sb., cf, Swed. bdgel, bygel, Qer, biigel ; 
fhandle^ w. & i. 23. 

bein, see bain, beiten, see baiten. 

bdi-aum, adj.(frombd3en,v.), ? « Gef", beugsam ; 
obedient \ buhsume & beisume Kath. 1805. 

bek» sb., t O.E. bee (dot. bsece), O.N, bekkr 
m,i^MJ.,G. beke, 0,H,G, pah, pach, bach 
m./,\ beckf broaky ^HifuluSy VOC. 239; PR. 
P. 29 ; L. H. R. 82. 

beky sb., pBbeldie; beck^ sign, nod, PR. P. 29 ; 
WiCL. Job xxvi. 1 1 ; bekkes (//.) Trev.VIII. 

321. 

beky see bea 

beken^ v., Fr, becquer,>B//a/. beccare ; peck; 
beketJ (pres.) A. R. 84 ; bekede (Pret.) 102 ; 
?biked Alis. 2337. 

bikeiiy v., ffrom bAwen; steep ^ so<sky warm : 
to beike his boones Flor. 99; a softe b6- 
Idnde (pres, pple,) baV HOM. I. 269; and 
ligges bekeana in his bed Iw. 1459 ; bekand 
Barb. xix. 552 ; i btted (pret,) me test. 
Cres. 36. 

bekken, v., psbSlmien; beck^ nod; bekke 
(pres,) Ch. C. t. C396 ; beckes PS. xxxiv. 19 ; 
bekkis (pt.) Townl. 31Q (mir. pl. 193); 
bekked (Pret,) Ch. Tro. li. 126a 

bikne, beekne» sb., O.E. beacen, b€cn,«^. 
Fris. b§ken, beken, 0,L,G, bocan, OJ/.G, 
pauchan n.y beacon, 'pkarus,^ PR. P. 29 ; bekne, 
belune Langl. ^xvii. 262, Cxx. 228; comp, 
ft>re-b6aon6. 

bSkniexiy v., O.E, bSacnian, bScnan, 0,L,G, 
bdcnian, 0,H.G, pauhnen; beckon; ])e unc 
becnien scu(len) ... to drihtenes dome frag. 
7; baecnien La^. 21938; becnen Orm. 223; 
Deknin. bekin 'annuo, nuto' PR. p. 29; 
bttmeo (ms. bekned) (pres,) rel. L 215 ; 
bgaonienda (Pple,) *innuens' Lk. i. 22 ; bft- 
kenlde, bikenede (pret,) WiCL. deeds xxi. 
40; hio becneden {* annuerunt *) heore ge- 
ieren Lk. v. 7. 

beknlngOy sb., 0,E. bSacnung, b€cnung; 
beckoning, * nutus, PR. P. 29 ; bikeningWiCL. 
GEN. xlii. 6 ; becnunge frag. 7. 

bel, ben, adj., O.Fr. bel ; fdir, beautiful; bel 
est Guy 68 ; a beJe babels B. b. 3 ; bean a. 
P. L 197 ; bcaus amis Guy 4. 



bel-ami, sb., Fr, bel ami ; fair/riendf a. r. 
306. 

bel-dame» sb., grandmother, PR. P. 29. . 

bel-fitther, sb., grandfather, PR. P. 30. 

bel-liohe, adv., beautifully, PL. CR. 344. 

beu-i>6re, sb., good father; beau pere, hi 
seide to the pope Bek. 1299 » ^^ bi^te ^t 
beupere Langl. B xviii. 229. 

beauHdre, sb., fair sir, Bek. 768 ; beusber 
D. Troy 1863 ; bcwsher Townl. 66. 
beld, see beald. 

bdlde, sb., OJE, baeldo, byldo,« O.H:G, paldi, 
baldi, Goth, balbei; from beald; fortitude^ 
courage, comfort, P. L. s. xxx. 104; Flor. 762 ; 
Gaw.6;o; m.h. 37 ; Perc 1412; bi a childe of 
litil belde overcomen i am in min elde C. M. 
12237. 

balden, v., 0,E, baeldan, byldan, - OJLC, 
beldian ; comfort, encourage ; to belden & to 
forfren Orm. 662 ; to beolden (invigorate) it 
& strengen 2614 ; bealden Kath. 1622 ; belde 
LAI LE FR. 231 ; as he bigon to belde (grow 
bold) Al. (V.) 49 ; Iw. 1220 ; b^deat (pres,) 
c L. 348 ; (he) beldeV [bealde¥] a. r. 162 ; 
bilde (imper,) Egl. 3 ; b&lde (pret.) Jul. 8 ; 
belden La). 8636 ; balded (pple.) Orm. 2746 ; 
comp. a-, un-bisiden. 

belden, see btUldan. 

bdle, see bSle. 

beleevable, see under bilSven. 

belef, in phr. OF'r, k belif, beslif ; from med, 

Zo/. bis-llquus; obliquely; a belef Gaw. 2486^ 

8518 ; see embelifl 

bdlen, see bAlen. ^ 

belden, v., 0£, belgan,^ OJLG., O.H,G. bel- 
ean, 0,N, belga ; / swell with anger i .b«lh 
(pret,) La^. 15839; )»a balh he hme ('indigo 
natus est *) Lk. xv. 28 ;-bol3hei& (pple,) Orm. 
7145 ; comp, a-, an-, ^e-bel^en. 

beli, sb., O.E. belg, baelg, bylg, bylig,« O.N. 
belgr, OJi.G. pale (follis), Goth, balgs, 
((io-Kdr), mod,En^, belly, bellows ; )ie brest 
wij> fe beli (belly) PR. C. 679; beli 'fou' 
VOC. 171; belou 'follis^ 180; beli, belu 
WlCL. JER. vi. 29 ; beli * venter^ belou 'follis ' 
PR. P. 30; beli [balij Ch. C. t. C534 (belh)^ 
735 1 (bellows) ; ball R. s. v ; M. T. 200; his 
bali for to fillen PL. CR. 763; belies (pl.) 
bellows A. R. 284 ; belies (bellows) ISUM. 412 ; 
belies, balies (bellies) Langl. A prol. 41 ; 
balez (bowels) Gaw. 1330; a peir belwis 
(bellows) w. & L 23 ; bulies Brd. 22. 
beli«>nakfid, adj., stark naked, Ch. C. t. 
£•1326. 

belken, v., tOJ£, bealcian,«/il/.Z.C7. belken 
(mugire) ; belch ; belke caTH. 27 j Townl. 
314; ha]^ beUdd (pple,) out 'eructavit* 
WiCL. PS. xliv. 2. 

belle, sb., 0,E, h€i\t,^M,Du,, MX,G. belle ; 
bell, 'campana* PR. P. 30; La^. 29441 ; Langl. 
B PROL. 165 ; bere the belle CH. Tro. iii. 



50 



belle. 



149; bellan (pt.) FRAO. 7; Lai. 16919; 

Horn (H.) 1994; Rob. 509; Al.(L.*) 586; 

belle Sax. CHR. 359 ; belles. Orh. 901 ; 

Mand. 343. 
balle-drAm, sb., smiiui efa btlt, Orm. 931. 
tMU»*j«tar. <b., Ml-fouttdtr, PR. P. 30. 
baila-liouM, sb., ^camptuUU; voc 373. 
IMIlfrwadar, sb., bell-wether; belwedir PR. 

T. 30 ; belleweder {noi^ fersm) TOWNL. 86 ; 

belweatber (Uodter) LiDG. BoCH. in N. E. D. 
bells, sb., lum'c, Trev. 1. 403 ; ak. lit. 13 ; 

ANT. Arth. xxix (jtrtWA/bcIte; steerrala). 
bellen,v.,f?.£'.beltan,- O./f.^ peUen, bellen 

(latrare); roar^ bellow, bellin 'mugio' pr.t. 

30; )>e bole bigan to belle rel. fl. 19; as 

loude as bclleb wind CH. H. F. 1803 ; balling 

(fple.) as a bole Wili. 1891 ; hoUma (ppU.) 

iftflaied Map 334 ; WiCL. 1 Cor. v. 1 ; bollen 

hertes COKP. BL. KN. loi ; & bleddie ibollen 

ful of winde A. R. 383; eomp. to-b«Uan; 

diriv. balls, bolls r 
bslUngs, tb-.^OJ/.G. pellunga (latratus); 

roaring, lowing, ' mugilus,' PR. P. 30. 
twit, sb., 0£. belt,- OJi. belli, O.H.C. balz, 

Zd/. balteus 1 belt,' MOtia,' \OC. 211; Iw.353; 

bolte {dot.) Ch. C. t. a 3939. 
Iwlte, sb., axe, 'seeuris,' PR. p. 30; 'coing! 

voc. 163; N. P. 13, 
beltane, sb., May-day ; (n. £. D.). 
belten, v., gird with a belt; b«It«d (prtl.) 

CH. 15385. 
belven, v., O.E. bylgean; btlhw; belwe 

Cow. 11. 73 ; L. H. R. 145 ; cou . , . ^t wolde 

belwe after boles Lancl. Bid. 333. 
belwlnge, sb., bellowing; bcllewiDg Gow. 

III. 303. 
bfim,M<rMuii. 
b£me, sb., 0£. bfime, byme ; trumpet, Map 

348 ; PR. a 4677 ; beeme r noise Ar. 106 ; 

bCmui [pi.) Hou. I. 87; bemen frag. 7; 

a. K. 310 ; bemen [bemes, bumes] La]. 4463, 

5107, 5874; heme hom. II. 1 15; MISC. 163; 

beines Will. 1154; k. T. 499; Isuu. 439; 

bBmene (gen. fl.) LA). 19926; HOM. 11. 

113; bfiman (dat.pi.) Mat. xxiv. 31. 
bfimen, v., O^. bymian ; sound the trumpet, 

A. R. 3IO. 



bfimen, see beamlen. bin, tee bion. 
■•O.L.G., O. 
' icamnum,' PR. 
p. 30; P. L. s. XXXV. It, xxxi. 114 (bani); 
Langl. a iv. 33 ; Ar. & Mer. 3335 ; banotae 
{dot.) La). 14963 ; Oru . 14087 ; REL. I. 187 ; 
Horn (L.) 369; on yiae benche frag. 6: 
benke Man. (H.) 58; iwstices alte benche 
Rob. 570; benobe [benches] (pi.) LA). 
34873; beokes ORU. 15331 ; coimp. Uns-, 



bengere. 

benohed, pple., Jurm'tMed with, seated m 
benehes; beoohed {pple.) Ch. Tro. iL 833; 
ibenched PL. CR. 305 ; benked Orm. 15331. 

benahinge, sb., benching, Txev. Barth. 
{in N. £. D.) ; benkinge Orm. i 5332. 

bend, sb., 0.£, bend m./.,- OJ^G. 'bend 
{ace. pi. bendi), O.Fris., MJ}u. bende, OJV. 
benda,C0M.baJ)di^/_/V00tblnden; tie,ribbon, 
band,btmd,'vitta,'voc.t^7;Gov/.lU.\i; Ca. 
C U 810 ; w. & 1, 3J ; his tunge bend MK. vii. 
35 ; nenoe bend AYENB.48 ; mid ante (r.-ane) 
bende of golde Lai. 34747 • hand {stripe) Iw. 
2394 ; bendea [//} P. L. S. viii. 95 ; a. R. 383 ; 
uou. II. 63; uisc 53; Rob. 58; bendes, 
bende O. & N. 1438, 1473 ; be king heom dude 
i(n) bende La}. 11863;' iMnden {dot. pi.) 
Mat. xi. 3; La;. 587 ; bende Bee. 15 ; avenb. 
330; B. DISC. 353; alused ... of bende P. 
L. s. viii.68 ; Iram deatvs harde bende Shor. 
134 ; eomp. blM-bend. 

bendel, sb., 0.fr. beadti,— O.H.C. bendel, 
aAT.bendiU; bendlet (in heraldry), UttU band, 
RiCB. 3964 ; bandelaa Man. (F.) 10043. 

benden,v., 0.£. bendan,— OJV. benda; bend; 
bende Octav. (H.) io30; bende hire browes 
Trev. I. 9 ; bende ' tendo ' PH. P. 30 ; bends 
{pret.) Flor. 859 ; Ck>w. I. 334 ; EcL. 394 ; 
bende (h)is bowe Rob. 16; )« amiral bende 
(hutted) (h)is hro^res Fer. 1954; brente him 
briooli Fer. 545 ; band {pple.) spec. 34; ibent 
CL. 743 ; AYENB. 174 ; eomp. un-bsndsn. 

bfine, sb., O.E. ben.KO.A'. been; prefer, re- 
gtiest, Lx. i. 13; HOM. I. 67; Ohm. 1459; 
GEN. & EX. 3511 ; Shor. 47; ayenb. 99; 
SPEC 58; REL. I. 113; ^reting ne bene R. S. 
i (MISC. 156) ; grante me a bene Horn (L.) 
508; bensn (dat.pl.) Mabh. 14; jMbfins. 

Une, adj., f j'niftMVj' ; A.p.iiL4i8; |iene wei 
bene P. L. S. viii. 170; cob^. un-bfina. 

bdne, adv., pleasantly, ANT. Artu. vi. 

bSne, see btana. 

benedight, pple., from Lot. benedictus; 
blessed, C M. 1S705 ; TOWNL. 91. 

Benedibt, sb., Lat. Benedictus; Benedict, 
Laj. 13159 ; A. R. i6a. 

benefiBt, benfoet, bienfbiti sb., OJ^. bien- 
fait ; benetit, Langi- B v. 436, C viii. 43 ; 
benefet wicu Esth. xvi. 16 ; bieufah Gow. 
1.304; {noble deed) Ul. 167. 

benefloe, sb., OJ^r. benefice ; favour, fret 



msfloas {fit.) avenb. 43; Mirc 317; 



gift, kindness; benefice ; CH. C. T. ^4 391 ; 

bansfloas {fit.) ave"- * " — 

WICL.S.W. 111.300. 
beneisun, sb., O.Fr. beneison ; benison, bless- 
ing, Hav. 1733 ; benison Ch. C. t. E 1365 ; 

benisoim Man. (F.) 6961 ; benissoun PR. c 

3405 ; beniown s. s. (Weh.J 3485. 
Benet, sb., O.Fr. Benoit; Benet, Benedict, 

PR. P. 31; benatU (pi.) Wicl. s. w. IIL 

385. 
bengere, sb., corn-bin, pr. p. 31. 



benigne. 



Moil 



51 



benigii0t adj., Fr. benin ; benign^ Ch. C. t. 
^518; Med. 1 103. 

benignitd, sb., Fr, benignity ; benignity^ Ch. 
C. T. B 1668. 

benke, see benohe. 

benty %\>.fjieidy Gaw. 253 ; over the brode bent 
Dbgr. aoo; bente (dot.) Jos. 450; Ch. C. 
T. ^1981 (hillside) ; opon )ie bente bare 
ANT. Arth. xliv ; i walk on his bent Townl. 
xoi ; bentis (//.) Flor. 1040. 

bent, sb., 0.E, beonet, - 0,H,G, binuz ; beni 
(sort o/grass)^ VOC. 191 ; A. P. iii. 392. 

bte, sb., O.E. b€o, bio, hi,^OJf.G. bia, M.Du, 
bie /, 0.N, by «.; bee^ ^afis^ frag. 3; 
bee VOC 177 ; PR. p. 27 ; bi LiDG. M. p. 88 ; 
been (^/.) misc i^; pl. cr. 727; been, 
[bees] wiCL. deut. i. 44 ; a swarm of been 
Ch. C. t. F 204. 

b6od« sb., 0,E. h^od, ^OX.G. biod, Go/A. 
binds. 0.//,G, biet w., OJV. bio^Sr m., bj6^ 
n.j' ^omh^od&n.; table; beode (dot.) p. L. s. 
viii. 132; biede HOM. II. 228; Angl. I. 23. 

bdode, see bade. 

Moden, bfodan, v., O.E. beodan, blodan, 
» OJ.,G. biodan, OFris, biada, bieda, Goth. 
(ana-, faur)biudan, OJV, bjo^Sa, O.H.G. biutan, 
piotan, bieten ; bid, announcej proclaim^ in- 
vite^ command^ HOM. 1. 13 ; beoden A. R. 114 ; 
and lette beoden alle )mi bocares La). 32124 ; 
)m scalt . . . beode {preach) )»er godes godspel 
29507 ; beoden & bodien Kath. 1480; beode 
SPEC. 42 ; min erande for to beode Bei^. 1408 ; 
beode, bode o. & N. 530 ; beode, bude Fer. 
1793, 1825; bedin ^offero^ PR. P. 28; bede 
Horn (L.) 462; Hav. 1665; Man. (F.) 
11774; Gaw. 374; Min. 10; pr. c 5958; 
and wolde hitn batail bede Triam. 972; 
Mde (pres.) av. Arth. xix; beodeV, beot 
HOM. 1. 47, 55 ; A. R. 194, 208 ; al )iat te 
godspel beode^ Orm. 4917; bedeb 15745; 
to thilke honour ^at ^e me bede Ch. C. t. 
£360; bSad (Pret.) A. R. 230; bead, bed 
gen. & EX. 909, 1069 ; biad ayenb. 41 ; bxd, 
bed [bead, bad] La;. 18821, 23407; baed 
Orm. 1 1799; hed Lk. viii. 29; Sax. chr. 
250; Kath. 441; Rob. 106; chr. £. 122; 
Trist. 2601 ; ant. Arth. i ; he him bed 
risen hom. II. 147 ; and bed alle godne dai 
P. L. S. ix. 200 ; beed an. lit. i i ; ImuI * man- 
davit* PR. c. 6275; buden Mk. x. 48; & 
buden here ferde La;. 5146 ; boden Hickes 
I. 225; Am. & Amil. 896; bai boden hem 
landes brade Trist. 2636; ne boden him 
bringen ut . . . ^ men gen. & EX. 1067; 
bude (subjct.) hom* L 13; boden (ppie.) 
Ch. l. g. w. 366 ; c m. 10683 ; have^ hem 
boden godun dai gen. & ex. 1430 ; we ben 
alle boden {f/or beden) )>ider HOM. II. 159; 
were boden to )ie %ridale Langl. B ii. 54 ; 
bodin LiDG. M. P. 258; bode Gow. I. 12; 
camp. a-»^bi-, for-, ^e-, on-bdoden; deriv. 
bod, bode, bOdeL 

£ 



bidinge, sb., M.H.G, bietonge; oblation^ 
WiCL. E. w. 167. 

beoden, see beden. beof, see boet 

bten, v., 0£. b^n, blon; be^ frag. 7; 
Kath. 502 ; be seal beon )ie bet La^. 701 ; 
)>at ich king oeon maei 13082; beon iseien 
videri A. R. 94 ; beon, bion (ms. byon) Mat. 
XX. 36, 27; beon, bon (—beon, see £ng. 
STUD. IV. 99) ; HOM. I. 5, 77 ; o. & n. 26a, 
1 195 ; y^^ B^ ower fihtlac lete)> beo (cease) 
1699 ; oeon, ben Orm. 21, 10255 > beon, beo 
Ber. 105, 107; been PR. P. 30; ben Man. 
(F.) 24; bien Angl. L9; hom. 1. 219; misc 
26 ; buen SPEC 25 ; H. H. 67 ; buen, ben P. L. s. 
viii. 20^ 87 ; ben, bi GEN. & ex. 15, 1 195 ; beo, 
be Fer. 517 ; bee Egl. 366 ; lat ^ sorwe be 
(cease) Hav. 1265 ; lat ^ somnour be Ch. 
C. T. Z>i289; by Shor. 128; ayenb. 5; 
s. s. (Wr.) 536; bue rel. I. no; boe IL 
244 ; to beonne hom. I. 193 ; to bienne 
AYENB. 131 ; b6on, beo, [O.E. b^m, - O.L.G. 
bium, O.H.G. pim, bim, bin] (pres.) La). 3945, 
9843; bute ich habbe ^ine help ne beo ich 
never bli^ hom. I. 197 ; swa muche ... ich 
beo (v. r. iwur^) him |ie leovere Jul. 17; 
byo Mat. ix. 21 ; be hom. II. 17; spec 
30 ; hu hist FRAG. 7 ; Mlsc 96 ; SPEC 72 ; 
Dist, beost La). 3053, 9837 ; best hom. II. 
29; Orm. 2455; <^£^* & K^* 2884; s. s. 

Seb.) 1663; bes rel. I. 181; >ou bes 
alt be) honged Degr. 839 ; bi% hom. 1. 
13 ; R. s. V ; swa us w(u)rse bi% (will be) 
La^. 972 ; to maer^ waene hit dxi bu% 194^4 ; 
ase softe as he is her ase herd he bi% )ier 
A. R. 304; beo)>, be)» Orm. 167, 2683; be% 
GEN. & EX. 182: beth, bes Hav. 1261, 2007 ; 
(we, )e, ^it, heo) beo% a. r. 8 ; beo)> procl. 
2; Alis. 20; beo¥, beo)>, bo)> o. & N. 75, 
911, 1227; bco^, bo^ bea^ hom. I. 73, 89; 
beo^ bu* [beoH Laj. 5093, 5099 ; ba hwile 
^e bu¥ a lite P. L. S. viii. 12 ; bieb HiCKES I. 
222 (Angl. I. 8) ; ayenb. i ; bieth, biedh 
Misc. 28, 31 ; be^ Rob. 7 ; trans. XIX. 320 ; 
PL. CR. 254 ; bu)> £. G. 354 ; beo^ beon 
Kath. 493, 505 ; ben Langl. A\. 6; beth, 
^iii. 27; beth, been Ch. C. T. A 178; bu|>, 
ben Will. 946, 4447; ben Gow. II. 370; 
Mand. 3; WicL. John viii. 10; al |^t hie 
bi ben HOM. II. 179; b(d)o, be (imper.) 
O. & N. 546 ; hal beo (earlier text wes) )>u 
Mk. XV. 18; beoV La). 19172 ; beth Will. 
3797; bes Hav. 2246; b«o (subj.) o. 
& Nl 1225 ; )>u beo frag. 6 ; li¥e him beo 
drihten LA3. 4; wit beon HOM. L 33; heo 
beon A. r. 8 ; o. & N. 1221 ; beo ^e swi^ 
bisie La). 7915 ; b§on, ben (pple.) Orm. 
231 ii 8399; ben Langl. B xx. 236; bien 
Man. (H.) 34; bin Tor. 359; ibeon (beon) 
LA3. 8325 ; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon 
[iben] P. L. S. viii. 2 ; ibien HiCRES I. 222 ; 
ibeo Brd. 4; ibee Rich. 5138; ibie misc 
34. 
biinge, sb., beings essence^ AYENB. 103. 

a 



5* 



Mor. 



b6fr6ii« 



Mor, sb., O^. b€or, • OJFris, biar, bier, 

0,H.G, pier, bier «.y OJV. biorr m.; beer^ 

FRAG. 4 ; Horn (K.) i io8 ; beor, bor o. & N. 

loii; ber Gaw. 129; bor o. & N. 1009; 

More (dot.) La^. 13542; bere Horn (H.) 

1 148. 
be<^rd, see Mard. 

More, see Mre. Moron, see berexu 
Morj, see ber). 
Mrk, sb., bark, bark {of a dog\ Angl. IV. 

197. 
Morkexiy v., 0,E, beorcan ; bark (as a dog\ 

JARB. XIII. 163; berkin ^lairo' PR. P. 32; 

berke ayenb. 179; Will. 35; Aus. 1935; 

Mrkeet {pres,) a. r. 122 ; beorkeV [borkeb] 

La). 21340 ; berketh LiDG. M. P. 29; berUnde 

(ppie.) REL. I. 266; bark (fret.) Gow. I. 

221 ; burkeiiy Mrken {pret, pL) Ed. 912, 

928 ; comp, be-barken. 

berkere, sb., barker, s. A. L. 70; berkar 
* UUrator* VK. V, ^2. 

berklnge, sb., barking (of a dog), Trev. I. 
83 ; berking Will. 55. 

Morme, see berme. 

Mom, Mam, Mm, sb., 0,E. beom, biom ; 
hero, warrior, man, LA5. 1552, 7645, 8083; 
)m libere bem p. l. s. xx. 57; beum, bem 
Aus*. (Sk.) 9, 219 ; bium AV. Arth. xlv ; 
buim, bum Langl. ^xi. ^53; bum Will. 
332; birn ant. Arth. iii; beomes (pi,) 
MISC. 92; biemes, bemes, bumes Langl. 
A iii. 256 ; bemes M. H. 39 ; bemus Degr. 
' coo ; bemis (printed berins) ISUM. 454 ; 
bumes Gaw. 259; buimes Jos. 29; Mme 
(gen. pi.) SPEC 58 ; beomen (dot. pi.) La). 
23408 ; beme misc. 93. 

Moomen, see brinnen. 

Moty sb., 0*E. beot; menace, La). 16338; 

comp. ^ebdot. 
Motion, v., 0£. beotian ; menace ; bfioteden 

(pret^ La^. 20521. 

boouste, see biwiste. 

Movien, see birlen. 

MqTarrOy sb., O.Fr. bequarre; the note B 
natural, REL. I. 292. 

Mroely sb., archer's butt, ^meta* PR. P. 
32. 
Mrd, see -Mard and brerd. 

MrOy sb., O.E. heT2i,^ O.H.G. pera, bero ; bear 
(animai), ^ursus^ PR. p. 32; hom. II. 211 ; 
Hav. 573; ayenb. 15; Langl. Bxv. 294; 
Ch. C. t. a 1640 ; Mand. 291 ; bere, beore 
Rob. 202; beore La^. 25590; Alis. 1821 ; 
beore, bore A. R. 198, 202; o. & N. 1021; 
beore, beare Jul. 72, 73 ; beore (gen.) l. h. r. 
140 ; )»es laste bore hweoip A. R. 202 ; berse 
La^. 22282 ; b6reB (//.) GEN. & ex. 191 ; 
bueres a. d. 237. 

b^re-fely sb., bearskin^ Will. 2430; bere- 
■kin, Will. 1735 ; Ch. C. t. A 2142. 



bAre-ward, sb., bear-keeper, PR. p. 32 ; P. P. 
364.. 

bK&rOy sb., 0J£. bere,^O.N. barr m^ Goik. 
^baris, whence barizeins (KpiButat), Lot. far; 
bear('Com), bariey, voc 264; ayenb. 141; 
C. M. 13506 ; comp. pol-b6re. 

b6re-m61e, sh.,bariey meat, leechd. III. 98. 
Mro-9 stem of beren« v. 

Mre-bag, sb., bag-bearer, MiN. ii. 20. 

bere-bli88e» sb., bringer ofbiiss, ayenb. 72. 
borOy sb., piiiow-case, Ch. d. Bl. 254 ; con^, 
bed-9 pilwe-bere. 

Mre,sb.,C7.^. (ge)b8ere, - O.Fris. b6re, OJLG. 
(gi)bari, OJi.G. (ge)blre ; gesture, noise, up' 
raar,FL.&BL.468; ROB.208; Aus.550; MiRC 
276; mas. 623; his untohe bere H. M. 31; 
)ie ^onge man . . . spak wit wel faire bere Al. 
(T.) 129 ; bere and noise Trev. IV. 367 ; who 
makis sich a bere Townl. 109 ; bc^re Misa 
231 ; beare La^. 28163*; bfire (dat.) Kath. 
2370 ; Will. 43 ; ant. Arth. x ; and warai 
men mid mine bere o. & N. 925; comp. 9^^ 
)e*bdre. 

Mre, adj., O.E. (leoht-, W2estm-)bsere; bearings 
. fruitful \ childre bere GKN. & EX. 1465 ; comp, 
Arende-» liht-bSre. 

Mre, sb., bearing \ for bere of )>ine childe 

Shor. 133. 
Mre, sb., O.E.hxtt^ « O.N. bira, MJ^.\xasx^\ 

wave ; bdres, beares, bieres (//.) La). 1341''^, 

28077*, 28625 ; cf. bftre. 

boron,, v., OJEl. beran, — O.L.G. beran, O.H.G. 
peran, beran, O.Fris., OJ^. bera, Goth, bairan, 
Ijtt. ferre, Gr. 4>ip%uf ; bear, A. R. 4, 230 ; M. T. 
88 ; yis seal beren eower saule to hevene ricbe 
hom. 1.39; beoren ni% 125 ; beren [bere] wapen 
La^. 499 ; witnesse beren 13231 ; we sculled 
bere j>in aer(n)de 24803; beren child Orm. 
2031 ; beoren Kath. 2491 ; (x^.boren) hom. 
I. 69 ; bueren rel. I. 267 ; bere Hay. 623 ; 
Perc. 190 ; bere fiads witnesse Langl. ^ ii. 80; 
beore AxJS. 771 ; beare La^. 24566* ; buere 
spec. 104; to berene HOM. I. 147; bereS 
(pres.) HOM. I. 109 ; hue berej» )ie pris SPsa 
30 ; |« bitte )>at beoreiS for¥ (projects) as a water- 
bulge H. M. 35 ; (h])bere¥, bere)> O. & N. 1372 ; 
bere¥ me genge (be€u^ me company) Marh. 
21 ; Mre (subj.) gen. & ex. 35 13 ; )>at ti lust ne 
beore |)e to )>at te lef were H. M. 1 5 ; )iat heo ure 
erende beore [berej to )>in hevonkinge R. S. iv 
(misc. 168) ; beoren A. R. 382 ; Mrtnde (pple.) 
AYENB. 96; berande Alis. 5109; bsr, ber, 
bear, bar (pret.) Lav 1 1^ 1^25, 12279, 14771 ; 
ber HOM. I. 131 ; Marh. 22 ; a. r. 368 ; P. s. 
248; spfec. 60; bar Orm. 12615 ; gen. ft ex. 
338; Hav. 557; Brd. 20; leg. 6; Ch. C.T. 
Aio^\ )ie erthe ne bar nan com Sax. chr. 
262 ; ^t bar )>at blisful bam Langl. ^ ii. ^ ; 
bare Trist. 4 ; £gl. 340 ; )>u bere Misc. 38 ; 
bere, beere Langl. A iii. 189 ; (]^3) baeren 
Orm. 7576; baeren, beren Lk. vii. 14, 24; 
beren hom. I. 59 ; Kath. 2496 ; alle )mi him 



bereou 



besaat. 



53 



beren onde La). 31473 ; hue beren huem so 
swi|ie he^ spec. 106; beeren Mand. 172; 
here Rob. 177 ; til )>ei here [beere] leves 
Langl. B v. 139 ; baren 365 ; so boldeli )iei 
^m bere Triam. 1506; boren gen. & ex. 
684 ; bAie (sudjct.) Orm. 2029 ; bere HOM. 
I. 39; Bek. 193; bere [biere] La^. 2513; 
bor«n {pple.) Orm. 161 ; h. h, 196 ; Hav. 
1878; s. s. (Wr.) 73; bom Mand. 274; he 
hadde . . . bora him wel Ch. C. t. ^ 87 ; bore 
AYENB. 22I ;. comp, »-, flBt*>, fbr-, ^-beren; 
deriv. bAre (bfire), beaniiy berme» b&rSey 

berere, sb., hearer^ Mand. 83 ; camp. Ui- 



bertngey sb., bearings bringing forth; sup- 
fartt MISC. 26 ; AYENB. 259 ; Trey. II. 171 ; 
oering GEN. & EX. 2178 ; Aus. 484. 
beren, adj., 0,E, beren, Goth, barizeins ; made 
0/ barley : fif berene hladfes JOHN vi. 9. 

Wren, v., O^. (ge)b£ran,' - OX,G, (gi)b&rian, 
M.Du, baeren ; gesticulate^ shout\ bere Hal- 
uw. 166 ; M. T. 99 ; mi selve so to bere (r. w, 
lere) SPEC 93 ; bftre)> (pres^ L. H. R. 215 ; 
beeringe [pple) l. h. r. 140 ; b§rde {pret!) 
Jul. 53 ; comp. ^bSren. 

berfraiy sb., O.Fr. berfroi; belfry ^ A. P. ii. 
1 187 ; belfrai PR. P. 30 ; berfireis (//.) Man. 
(F.) 1031. 

ber^, sb., O.E. beorg, beorh, - O.JLG,j 0,Fris. 
beig, OJI.G. berg, perg, 0*N, biarg, fnodEng. 
banrow ; from ber^en ; A//^ mountain^ Gaw. 
2172; beonih FRAG. 3; berh^e {dat,) La^. 
12311; beighe, berwe Langl. B w. 589: 
bergee (//.) rel. 1. 222 ; beonen [b(e)oreweJ 
(dat.pl.) La^. 20854 ; bergen LK. xxiii. 3a 

berg, sb., OJE. (b€afod) beorg, « OJ^. bi6rg 
f ; protection^ gen. & ex. 926; comp. hals- 
berj. 

beru-ham, sb., horse-collar^ PR. P. 33 ; ber- 
hom YOC. 278 ; berubames (pi.) 168. 

berg^lds, adj., without protection, GEN. & ex. 
3048. 

[ber^e, sb., f shelters comp. her^ber^e.] 

ber^n, v., O.E. beorgan,— O.L.G. bergan, 
O.n.G. pergan, OJ^. biarga, Goth, bairgan ; 
protect J preserve, HOM. II. 209; bergen rel. 
I. 208; ber3hen Orm. 1559; ber^e ayenb. 
197; berwen Hay. 697, 1426; bergeS (ms. 
berged) (pres.) hom. II. 197 ; birge^ 195 ; 
barh (pret.) Orm. 14572 ; and barg ^ child 
fro ¥e dead gen. & ex. 1330; bargh.REL. I. 
22 ; barw Hay. 2022 ; buregen hom. ll. 187 ; 
bergen (pple.) hom. II. 43; bor^hen Orm. 
3248 ; borgen, borwen GEN. & ex. 886, 1 102 ; 
berthed HlCKESl.233; berthed (ms. beryhed) 
PS.xxxii. 1 7 ; comp. bi-, ^berjen; deriv. ber^, 
borj, boTj. 

beriher, sb., protector, PS. Ixi. 7. 
berhlee^ sb., from ber3en ; salvation, Orm. 
5115- 



berie, sb., O.E. berie, berige,-^.2>t^. here, 
besie/, O.H.G. beri, OM. to:, Goth, basi n. ; 
berry : as broun as is a berie Ch. C. t. A 207 ; 
berien (//.) a. r. 276 ; beries gen. & EX. 
2062 ; comp. blao-, ivi-, mtU-, mfbr-, strau-, 
win-berie. 

berien, y., OJV. berja, « O.H.G. perien. Lot. 
ferire ; beat, A. R. 188* ; (v. r. bunsen) bere 
Tor. 1045 ; as hit on ehe bere)S Kath. 1056 ; 
wi)> a swere bat Arcita me )mrgh be herte tfere 
Ch. C. t. a 2256 ; bi \t, berid weie \^ per 
tritam viam '] WiCL. NUM. zx. 19. 

berien, see bOr^en. 

beril, sb., Gr. /S^pvXXov ; beryl, misc. 98 ; p. l. 
s. xzxY. 92 ; beryl spec 25 ; a. p. i. loia 

Berkeleie, pr. n., Berkeley, Rob. 439. 

berken, see beorken. 

berling. sb.« (from bere) young bear ; ber- 
linglB (//.) DEP. R. iii. 40. 

berm, see bearm. 

bSrman, see under bAr. 

berme, sb., O.E. bebrm'a, htajmz,,^ M.Du., 
A/jLdr.berme,barmem.; barm^yeast,*spumai 
YOC 258 ; PR. P. 32 ; Orm. 997 ; R. S. vii ; 

. Ch. C. t. C78i3 ; l. c c 39 ; beorme Misc 
189. 

bermin, y., work out, ' spumo^ pr. p. 32 ; 
bermi Shor. 15. 
bem, see beam and beom. 

bem, beme, sb., O.E. bere em (Lr. iii. 17) ; 
berem, bem ; bam, * horreum* wiCL. deut. 
xxviii. 17; Langl. ^xix.340; beme Orm. 
10487; Trey. I. 173; beme (dat.) o. A n. 
607; Gow. I. 162; Ch. C. t. ^3258; 
beme (pi.) Lk. xii. 18; hemes Rob. 348; 
ayenb. 30. 

bemake, bemakile, sb., Fr. bamaque, bar- 
nacbe, barnacle, bemacle ; barnacle (bit for a 
horse), ' camus,* PR. P. 33 ; bemacle ' camus * 
WiCL. 4 KINGS xix. 28 ; barnacles (//.) 353. 

bemake, sb., barnacle-goose ; bamakyile, her- 

nak * bamacus ' PR. p. 32. 
bemen, see brennen. 
berslet, sb., Jrom OJ^r. berseret ; hound, d. 

Troy 2196 ; berselette ant. Ar. iii ; barslett 

Alex. (Dubl. MS.) 786 ; bercelettue (pi.) 

AY. Arth. vii. 

bersten, see bresten. 

berten, v., t perspire : i bert(e) in bedde 
REL. II. 211. 

bertJene, see biirSene. beru, see ber^. 

berwe, sb., fO,E. beam (grove) ; * umbracu- 
lum,* PR. p. 33. 

berwen, see bergen. 

besagew, sb., O.Fr. besaigue ; double-edged 
axcy Parton. 1936. 

besant, sb., O.Fr. besant; Byzantine coin, 
Alis. 3115 ; besaunt R. R. 1106; besaunt 
< mi/iaiff '. WiCL. £z. xlv. 12; be38ans (pi.) 
1 Orm. 8102 ; besans Alis. 1572. 



54 



best 



basi, s€e Mai. 

beone, sb., O.E. bnma, beaema, — Q.Frla. 

besma, OJi.G, pesamo, besamo ; btsom, 

'icopai PR. P. 33 ; ayenb. 173 ; WiCL. Is, 

xiv. 33 ; beamon {dot. pi.) MAXH. 5 ^ Jul. 

\^ ; mid besme ' seopis' Lk. zL 35 ; beieme 

HOu. II. 87. 
iMsqnito, sK, Usan'f, Mam. tH.) 171 ; bis- 

qwite PR. p. 48. 
best, sb., O.Fr. beste, Lai. bestJa/; foot/, a. r. 

48; Brd. 31 ; bat like best (r. If. neat) o. & N. 
'99; >&t best WILL. 3113; beest & L. isi ; 

beast Kath. 3067 ; best, beste Hav. 379, 944 ; 

beste GEH. & EX. 194 ; beataa (^en.) A. R. 58. 
b««t-liidi, adj., btmtly: ^ bestliche mon 

A. R. 58 ; beasdiche men u, h. 35 ; becstii 

WiCL. I COR. XV. 44. 

bestial, adj., pertmning to. Hit a beast, 
BOEBNH. 9S ; bestiall Gow. 1. 140; besttdUft 
(pi.) folk Mand. 334. 
boaUal-liolia, adj., belonging to the lower 
toHmaU, beetUlU {adv.) gest. R. (H.) zlvi. 
366. 

bertaile, sb., OJ^r. b«staille {-mod. b«tul) ; 
{tUtU, Gow. II. 138; beslaille Mand. 384 
beostial {single beast) LiDG. in N. E. d. 
bortallM (pi.) KN. T. 103. 

bestUlitft, sb., OJ^r. bestialM; naturt of a 
beast, Ch. Tro. i. 735. 

bfiatinge, sb., 0£. bysling, fivm bftoat, - O. 
H.G. biost ; hitsting {first milk after calving), 
' eoloitntm,' cath. 30. 

bet, ? adv. ; go bet (fgo guiekly) Ch. C. t. 
C 667 ; go bete S. 5. <Wr.) 1005. 

bet, adv., O.E. bet,- O.Fris. bet, OJV. betr, 
O.L.G. bet, bai, O.H.G. pai, bai {compar.) ; 
better, A. R. 416 ; gkn. ft ex. 3366 ; avenb. 
i9Si Ocrov, (W.) 1191; Ch. C. t. .4 343; 
HocCL. i. 178; bett Oru. 4660; me luate bet 
O. & N. 39 ; as wel or bet WILL. 173 ; to love 
>at lond be bet Rob. 107 ; fe bet Langl. 
Cix.43; Set, bxt Laj. 13448,98560. 
beet^ adv., O.E. betst, - O.Fris. best, O.L.G. 
belt, best, OJK bwt, O.H.G. beiest {superl.) ; 
best (adv.), HOM. I. 7 ; A. R. 6 ; god loved he 
best Ch. C. t. A 533 ; godes give is best uou. 
1 1. 107 ; beist [best] Laj. a66o6. 
betera. adj., O.E. betera, beira m., betere, 
betre / n., - O.Fris. betera, OX.G. betaxa, 
0.M betri, GotA. batiza, O.H.G. petiro, bezero'; 
better, A. R.^io; spec 38 ; aelc wende to beon 
betere ^ene oter Laj. 34536 ; betere ii (is pre- 

/eraile) S343 i betere lif leden P. L. S. viii. 137 ; 
betere [beter] is o song o, & N. 713 ; betere 
beiet AVENB. I03 ; betre chr. E. 38a ; betre 
hit is HOM. I. 49 ; ^h him s(e)olf {« betre 
nerc 1 S3 ; bettere, bettre, better LanCL. A iv. 
80; bettre, belter CH. C. T. A 356; beter 
K. T. 330; ge sende beteren Lk. sij. 7; ^ 
weren hire beteren {Aer betters) Laj. 3749. 



l)«T0r. 

batete, adj., O.E. betsta m., betate/*.,- 
O.Frii. besta, Goth, batista, O.H.G. pensto, 
beiesto ; best {adj.) Orh. 3948 ; beste Bex. 
1447 ; ^t beste ^t we habbcC HOH. II. 331 ; 
here beste for to do Rob, tit ; ^ beste mon 
a. r. 333 ; his beute [beste] oubtes Laj. 8844. 



bSte, >b., O.E. bete, Lot. b£u ; Uet, voc 190 ; 
beetea {pi.) lud. Gov. 33. 

b«tel. sb., 0£. betel, bytel,»^.£.a bfitel, 
M.H.G. boiel ; from bfiftten ; beetle, mailet, 
STOR. 39; betil PR. p. 34; bitil voa iSo; je 
schulcn iseon bunsen ham mit tes deoHet 
bMloa (v, r. bettles) (pi.) a. r. 188. 

bated, v., O.E. betan, - Northsmb. boeta, 
OJ-G. betien, OJ^ris. beta, OJf. bata; Jram 
bdta ; mend, remedy, a. R. 93 ; Orm. 4440 ; 
& gunnen here gultes beten p. L. S. viii. 137 ; 
beten alle owre bruchen Kath. 1406; betan 
HOU. I. 113 ; beten, beten Lju. 5941, 18397 i 
bete O. & N. 865 ; uisc 41 ; KGB. 391 ; S. S. 
(Web.) 3133; Ahad. (R,) ivj bete his nede 
Alis. 5065; REL.' II. 378; oure serewes to 
bete SPEC 89 ; to bete ^ signe K. h. 335 ; )our 
bales to bete Will. 3167; bete [beete] htg 
huneer Langl. B vi. 339 ; fires bete Ch. C. 
T. A 3353 ; nettes bete 3937 ; to betene, to 
betende HOM. I. 7, 39; b«ta {pres.) HOH. I. 
31; b«t {imper.) UOH. I. 17; Mtta {pret.) 
HOu. I. 83; Kath. 1210; ah ever' me ^t 
fur bette La). 3863 ; )iat her bales bette & 
DISC 3088 rgreet fir )iei under betten Ch. C. 
T. C 5 18 ; bet {^le.) SPEC 30 ; Will. 3960 j 
bett ISUH. 764 ; a brighte fir wel bett FSRC. 
439 ; comp. je-bUen. 

bCten, see bteten. betere, see bet. 

b«il, 9b., O.E. betel : beetle {insect), voc 355 ; 
bitil PR. p. 37. 

betren, v., O.E. bettian, - OJ^'rii. beteria, 
OJ^. betra, O.H.G. peiiron, beieran ; better, 
improve ; betred {prel.) PS. xli. 5 ; beterld 
{pple.) WiCL. s. w. HI. 349. 
betertnge, sb., att of making better, WiCL. 
S. W. I. 55. 
bettamea, sb., ' benignitatem,' PS. li. 5. 

beC, see baS. bdt>e, see bfttie. 

bfiffen, v., t OJV. bei¥a ; ask, GEN. & ex. 
3498. 

b^lnen, v., steep, fament, gen. & ex. 2447; 
betbe4 tr. f. 8. 

benpere, bewaber, see under bel, 

beate, see bsalt«. 

bdver, sb., O.E. beofcr, - Md..G. bever, 
O.H.G. biber, piber, OJV. bjorr, Lot. fiber; 
beaver, ' castor, VOC 33o ; P. I_ S. viii, 183 ; 
PL, CR, 295. 

bdrai^liat, sb., beaver-kal, CH. C, T. A 373. 
b6ver-b(a)wed,pr, ti.,beaver^cotoured,GKW. 

845. 



b6ver. 

B«<dbr-Ul,pr.ti^ir^<r/9',PltAG.5; Beverlei 

uisc. 146. 
bererige, ab., O.Fr. bevnge ; ievtrage, RoB. 

36; Rich. 4365; Caw. 1113; a. p. 11. 1433,- 

Lamgl. a v. 169. 
MTareii,adj., - M.H.G. biberin, tLat. fibriaus ; 

btavtr coloured \ his beveren berd ant. Arth. 

xxviii ; beverine lokkc* D. Arth. 3630. 
bATsren, v.,—L.G. bevem; tremblt: maaa 

knigbtes Bbokc and bsvarad Mal. i. 15. 
[bi-, prefix, O.E. bi-, be-, motLEng. be-, for 

bf, prep., O.E. br, big, be, - O.L.G. bl, be, 
O.H.G. [rt, bl, pc, be, GotA. bi ; iy : whan a 
man is an ur^ ded and his soule bi (witA) 
god TR£AT. 134; ^Ike fairc womman fat 
■tent bi him p. l. s. x. 10 ; |« qvene ^t by ^ 
■tod SFsa 70; bat ^ bi stod r. s. v; spec 
58 ; itod hero bi Orh. 3340; to stondcn ¥e bi 
GEN. & EX. 3666 ; bi hire see O. & N. 1754 ; 
be wnneV bi iresten Kath. 591 ; ^t wone^ 
birebi SPEC 96; bi mire side La]. 7879; bi 
eche side Brd. 33; bi fn side Jos. 4a ; bi aie 
halve heo riden La;. 9460; an o^ abbei 
U ^ bi P. L. S. XXXV. 147 ; alle |ial ter bi gaft 
Kath. 1483 ; mi3t(e) we . . . com(e) bi tvo 
skinnes Will. 1688 ; bi ^ne toppe he hine 
nom La;. 684 ; he tok his child bi )>e hande 
Isuu. 33; ; hve% . . . bi him one a. r. 11 ; 
ben . . . bi him sdfen (fy himsel/, alone) 
Orh. 8z2 ; yi beo were al bi bem selve ROB. 
104; bi (iff) \kci dagen uoii. IL 47 ; bi olde 
dawe UISC 47 ; bi |«a time Jul. 4 ; bi time 
(btHwui) GEN. & EX. loSa ; HORN (L.) 965 ; 
bi due Laj. 3083 ; o. & n. 341 ; bi iu;te 
Bek. 59 ; ^t ich ne mat iseo bi [be] lihte 
O. & N. 366; jif be sellefi meche bi jere E. C. 
3SS; al swa hit is bi mine sooge O. & N. 
'373 : t=r com a pr{c)ost bi be weie hom. \. 
79; lie fiiheles \t fieon bi ¥e tufte Marh. 9 ; 
bat flih^ bi gninde o. ft n. 506 ; as hi wend e 
Di \k wode P. L. 3. xiii. 153 ; he \»X come^ 
not in bi be dore Wicl. John x. i ; bi waters 
& bi londe Lii^. lojii ; be children ;ede to 
tune U dates (r. dale) & bi dune Horn (L.) 
154; bi (on) beore life hehte heom Laj. 
24317 ; bi {per) god Horn (L.) 16$ ; t>et me 
ne iverie ... by be hevene ayenb. 6 ; hit is 
awTJten bi (of) him hou. L 139 ; al hit wes 
lesinge |iat heo' seiden bi ^an kinge Lj^. 
19079 ; setV uvel bi an o¥eT a. R. 86 ; as m 
Giwes dude bi oure loverd Bek. 3161 ; ne 
de^ wel bi me A. D. 294 ; \k king bavede bi 
his wive twene sonen Laj. 4^88 \ heo schal 
libben bi (oii) elmesse a. R. 414 ; noht ne ma; 
be man bi breed al ane libben Oru. 11344 ; 
hi ¥■ leve {^ thy leave) GEN. & EX. 3865 ; bi 
jouie leve ,Ch. C. t. A 3916 ; ne talde ^j 
nobt te)re'kin . . . bi wimmen ac . . . hi 
wepmen Oru. 3061 ; sunne like% him bi 
(aecordinf to) )>ine tale a. r. 334 ; Ve mone 
- it more bi mannet tale ¥an a1 tis ei¥e gen. 
ft sx. 141 1 and dude al bi his rede Bkk. 



bi-b6de. 55 

169'; it semed bi here specfae Langl. 
fpROL. 53; bi hu muchel be an passed ^ 
o¥re h. u. 33 ; ^ was it bi a (ot to schort 
L. H. R. 30 ; a cue bi nome Naiareth icalled 
Jos. 78 ; i depede be bi bi name WlCL. Is. 
xliii. I ; be wente hous Di hous Ch. C. t, 
271765; ;er bi [be] jere £403; his doghter 
hadde a bed al bi nir selve right in )>e same 
chambre bi and bi 1.4 4143 ; up rosoureswete 
ladi and kist |>e apostles bi & bi ass. £360; 
scndc hit bi his sonde Laj. 315 i ; alle ^ngis 
ben mjiad bi him Wicl. John i. 3 ; as sdie 
■at be >e welle Octav. (H.) 32; ; fe castel be 
be see Tor. 871 ; ^t me offrede wilem be 
bo ialde laghe Misc. 37 ; be dai Fer. 3139 ; 
be middai Aud. 75 ; be fiis time WlU- 1031 ; 
(hi solde) be an o^r weje wende into hire 
londea UISC. 37 ; ivere^ ... be {jod avehb. 
6 ; be the rode Gener. 344s ; sio manigeo 
wundrede be (at) his isere Mk. xi. 18 ; be as 
fouie ^s i telle c. L. 495 ; be ^t he he^ ofgno 
ayenb. 13 ; hi ssolden bi ibo[3e be him I3, 

bi, sb., O.t^. byr; med.Eng. -by in local 
namet; from bQen; town, Haluw. 173; 
C u. 13390; Goib367. 

bi-ntton, -aften, baeftoti, adv. & piep., 
(7.£.bexftan, bseftan ; behind, after. La;. 7570, 
868fcs 26057 ; bieften HOU. 1. 39 ; he let bi- 
aften ^ more del gen. & ex. 3377 ; bsften 
FRAG. I ; baften HOM. II. 199 ; Orm. 14688 ; 
beften Lk. xxii. 6; befte me Mat. xvi. 33; 
baften, baft PS. Ixxvii. 66; on bafte [baftj 
aiafic u. 331^. 

bi-barren, v., bar; blbarrttd (pple.) a. r. 
17a 

bibben, v., drink; btbbM (prei.) A. P. ii. 
1499; this miller ha^ so wisli blbbod {ppie.} 
ale Ch. C. t. A 4163. 

bi-bfoden, v., O.E. bi-, \x:hioAm,- O.H.G. 
pipiutan; enjoin, comtnand; \Ayti^(pret.) 
HOU. L 335. 

bi-beT;en, v., O.E. bebeorgan, - O./Z'.C^. pi- 
pergan; protect: |ieiie scutp bibcrh La;. 
1461. 

bi-berksn, v., bark al : ^ felle do^e ^t 
bit and beb«rk)> (pres.) alle |)o ^ he mai 
A YEN a 66. 

bible, sb., fr. bible ; UbU, Langl. £ ix. 41 ; 
Cow. 1. 15. 

bi-bloden, v., ef Ger. bebluten ; cover vrifA 
blood; biblfid (pple.) A. R. 118*; Bek. 
2210; S.S. (Wr.) 810; Trev. VIM. ijS; ^ 
ground . . . bibled was mid his btode SHOR. 
87 ; bebled MIRC 1934 ; L. H. R. 190. 

bi-blAdegien, v., ffor *;ebl6degien; make 
bloody; blblOdege (imper.) a. R. 392 ; blbl6- 
deget (^le.) Marh. 3. 

bi-blotten, v., blot ; beblotto (imper.) Cn. 
Tro. ii. 1027. 

bi-b6de,ab.,f?.£'.bibo<I; command, command- 
BOM. 1.331, 135; b»-,bibod«(i)!ii/.)p.L.S. 



5fi 



M-blU'exL 



viii. 131* ; bobode (//.) Mat. xix. 17 ; biboda, 

-bode, -bodan, -boden Hoh. 1. 119, 131. 
bi-bOftn* adv., aiow, Oru. 1797a 
bi-bll^n, v., O^. bi-, bebOgao ; eteafit, turn 

atide ; blbOb (prel.) La). 8193 ; heo bine 

bibujen 11153 ; blbojen (PPle.) 10569. 
bi-biirien, v., O.E. bi-, bebyixan ; bury, La^. 

10436; A. R. 316; bebune KoB. 166; to 

beberienne Mat. viii. 31 ; bib&rleda (Prtt.) 

Kath. 3237 ; biburi^ede LA}. 1738 ; heo . . . 

bibui^den 15071; blbfiriad (ppU.) Xj^}. 

10833 ; bebered AVBNB. 363. 
bi-oaohen, v., eaicA, ensnare, hoh. II, 3; ; 

biluiche rel. I. 183; biokhte (prel^ Horn 

(R.) 663; bUubt (Ppu:) Oru. 1 1631; bi- 

caujt s. s. (Web.) 638; beca^ ay&nb. 54; 

bicauhte, -kebte (//.) P. L. 5. viii. 160. 
bi-OsUeo, v., eail, address, accuse; becallt 

Gur(Z.) 7596; bioall* iires.) a. p. i.913; 

becalle ANT. Arth. xxxu; bicalieV OSN. 

& BX. 3314. 
U-oiren, v., fit carejiil aiaut; to ofkc man 

bicareV }ia lif ANGI. I. 37. 
bi-oaeten, v., cas/ aroumi; clothe, invest: 

hi ... hit al bicaite wib bolehudcD BRD. 5 ; 

wi^ deopc diches beo^ bicasle c U 694. 
biciohe, sb., O.E. bicce,-aA';bikkia; Mfeh, 

REL. I. 187 (UISC. 137) ; AN. LIT. 11 ; TREV. 

111. 141; Langl. a v. 197; Chbs. 1. 181; 
bicche, bicke PR. p. 35 ; bichche s. s. (Web.) 
1803 ; blooh«a (pi.) Aus. 5394. 
bloohiBd, adj., f cursed; that bichid body 
LUD. COY. 395 ; 50 breme and bicchid in 
himselfe Alex. 165 ; bicched bones {diee) 
Cu. C. T. C656 ; biched bones Townl. 



,, charm ; beohamw}* (pres,^ 



341. 

bi-ohsrmen, 
AYEMB. 357. 

biHjliaiinten, v.,enckaM/, Ar. & Mer. 731. 

bt-oherren, v., O.E. becenan,-a/^.<7. be- 
chercD ; seduce, deceive. A, R. 368 ; bicharren 
^^- 53SS I bicheorre 969*; bicherre misc. 
46; ^ bicherrest [bich(e)orTest] Laj. 3837 ; 
be bicherreV monie mua to ^ 3to(c)ke HOU. 
I. S3 ; je bichcrreS (bichcarreV) Jul. 43, 43 ; 
bleharde {prel.) hom. II. 59; KaxH. 1188; 
blohMrred {ms. bischsrred] (ppie.) La;. 
7980; bicheid P. L. s. viiL 160; a. r. 334; 
S.A. L. 149. 

bi-obirmen, v., scream around: hi me bi~ 
cbimie^ [bichermet] and bigrede^ O. & N. 
379- 

bi-olappe, v., clap about, Ck. C. t. G 9. 

bi-olarten, v., soil: \m. spald ]>at swa bi- 
clarted ti leor hom. I. 379. 

bi-cleopietn, v., O.E. bedeopian ; appeal, ac- 
cuse, A. r. 344 ; MISC. 61 ; biclepiean, biclu- 
pien p. L. s. viii. 54 ; ^at he scholde fram 
bulke curt biclipic to |ic kinge Bek. 606 ; (kit) 
biolepleS {prts.) hom. II. 173; we beclepe^ 
\k dom C. L. 498 ; bloI(e)oped, biclcped 



bi-omnoiii 

{pple.) o. & N. ^50; a preoBt ... ^t of 
mansl^t waa bicliped Bex. 365. 
U-OlUppen, v., O.E. bi-, bedyppan ; embrace, 
A. R. 90; bedippe Cow. 11. 95; Mahd. 
53; h\c&^^ ' eompleelimim' yiia- PS. xlvii. 
13 i bloieipte (pret.) Laj. *6776; Rob. 309; 
biclipte p. L. s. xti, 59 ; bedepbe ayenb. 340 ; 
bloldppad ipple.) UOM. I. 301 ; biclipped 
Trev. I. 179, 

bi-olSMo, v., 0.E, beclysan; inclose, LA). 
15033; biclosi Rob. 558; blolQsd* {prel.) 
La). 18614; blolSaed ( ji^/«.) frag. 7; A. R. 
378 ; bloI&Mt Katu. 598. 
bi-olutien, v., dress up; Uoiata (imper.) 
A. R. 316. 

bl-cniwen, v., O.E. becnlwan, - a /T. C 
pechnahan; acknowledge, knffoi; biknowen 
Rich. 4476; Lancl.^frol. 304; beknowen 
Gow. 1. 63 ; beknawe ayenb. 133 ; mon hwi 
nuitu he bicnowe R. s. i ; biknowe Ch. C. T. 
A 1558; him one to biknowe Shor. 95; 
blknftwa (pru^ Gaw. 3385 ; ;if i beknowe 
mi name Am. & Ahil. 1379; beknfiu {Pfft-) 
AVENa 315; biknewe Langl. ^ 145 i M- 
kn4wa [Mle.) Ar. & Mbk. 435 ; he waa 
biknowe pat Rimenild wea (h]is owe HORM 
(K-) 993 ; he was beknowe WILL. 3173. 
bl-<mftwli>c», sb., knowledge ; beknawinge, 
AYENB. 136. 

[bi-onftwldoben, v., acknowledge^^ 
Ucniwltehlnga, sb., confession, ayeNB. 
3a- 
bi-oolmen. v., cover with soot; bloolmeds 
(pre/.) Horn. (L.) 1064. 
li-oonuen, v., commence; bikomMd (pret.) 
Will. 3533. 

bi-or&Ten, v., crave, gen. & ex. 1388. 
bioume-lio, adj., M.H.G. bekomenlfch ; be- 
coming, HOU. I. 139; bicumelich II. 137: 
b«auinellob« dajes {'tempus accepiabiWl 
I. II ; biaumoliaha {adv.) rel. I. 131. 
bi-onmen, v., O.E. bi-, becuman, O.L.G. 
becuman, O.H.G. pichoman, -qveman, Goth. 
biqiman ; become, come into hein^, happen, 
befit, A. R. 64 ; ne mei nan man bicuman to 
mine heovenliche federe HOH. L 119; ^at ich 
wulle bicumen [bicome] ^in mon LA3. 8483 ; 
wscr scuUen we bicumen 31913; ^t him 
walde bicomen a freoboren burde JuL. 6; 
alle worldaihte schulle bicumen to nouhte 
REL. I. 183 (misc. 136); bicome Bek. 40; 
blUmeS, bicumef (Prts.) Jul. 54, 55; 
so' hit bicumejjto havekes cunnc O. &N. 371 [ 
it bicumeC him swi¥e wel MISC. 33 ; bloam 
{Pftt.) Langl, B v. 493 ; it so bicam CEN. 4 
EX. 3007 ; becam Mand. 331 ; t«r wiste non 
wherhe becam GOW. II. 120; bicom Kath. 
1563; H. H. 48; fie him bicom swi¥e wel 
Laj. 16169; hit bicom me wurse A. R. 316; 
\o hit bicom |)al he ha^te O. & n. 105 ; bi- 
comen Hav. 3357 ; heo to londe bicomen 



bi-ow6>to. 

La). 105 ; btonman (fipi*-) A. R. 340 ; micbd 
■orgcr ia me bkumen Gek. & ex. 3337 -, bi- 
comen p. L. S. xxx. 33 ; bicome WILL. 333. - 

bi-OWBite, sb., beftutt; bi-qveste Lancl. 
JVL87 J Man. (H.J 86. 

bi-oweaten, v., btgutalh ; biqvest PL. Cr. 69. 

bi-OwdCeii, v., O.E. bi-, becwe¥an ; bequeath ; 
be<iwethin'/«^' PR.P.31 ; liches . . . smnen 
and windcD aad biqve¥en (bewail t) GEN. & 
EX. 3448 ; ic ou wile segKcn . . . hwat ^t 
word biqve^ (metmt) hok. I. 75; blqrsS 
fbicwa^J (firet.) Laj. 9190 ; biqveb Rob. 381 ; 
Diqvab Gau. 99 ; beqT«))an (ppU.) PL. CR. 
409; oiqve^ Trev. I. 5. 

bi-owide, sb., Uga^\ biqvide ROB. 381; 
beqvide AYENB. lis. 

bid, v.,>-bad, miut; Udde Hav. 1733. 

bi-dttlen, v., O.E. bi-, \x.AMaA,- O.L.G. 
bedeiian, O.H.G. pitetlan ; deprive \ UdAled 
(ppU.) FRAG. 6 ; Oru. 4677 ; wilte bidxlcd 
Laj. 10283 ; bideled of )>e horc HOM. 11. 49 ; 
bidelid REL. I. ^65 (uisc. 134). 

bi-da&bn, v., befool; beb nouzht bldaflbd 
Ch. C. T.£'n9i. 

bi-dosgen, v., f-.WiU»w«i;=;1f:£%. bc- 
dauwen ; tplatM^dvitk cU^ ; UcUtcged {ppU:) 
Alis. S485. 

bi-dKjien, v., dawn upon ; bedawv)) {pres.) 
Cow, II. 193; bediigha Isuij.) d. Troy 
7S8. 

bidden, v., O.E. biddan, - O-FHs. bidda, 
OJ..G. biddian, Goth, bidjan, O^. bi^ja, 
OJf.G. bittan, pittan; pray, beg, Hd, torn- 
mand, A. R. 238; GEN. & EX. i8o3 ; Hav. 
539 : & bidden {pray) for heom hom. I. 7 ; 
& h(e)oni to gode bidden 139; bidden hine 
mildce Laj. [3371 ; bidden his milcfrR. s. iv; 
bidden }et bone Katu. 611; bidden for 

tiOttU. 6130; to bidden ua to Criste 8990; 
iddin 'oro, nuuuh' PR. p. 35 ; bidde 
AYENB. J ; of heore sunnen bidde bote O. & 
N. 858 ; mi mete for to bidde Horn (H.) 
1318 (R. 1183); to biddene HOM. L 39; 
bidda (pret.) Will. 4754 ; ich . . . bidde bin 
ore HOM. \. 305 ; ibc bidde ^ bi blessing 
ASS. 158 ; jif i bidde {iu6j.) ani bedes Langl. 
By. Al^ ; biddest Marh. i i ; bist uisc S4 ; 
bidden La^ T 6834; bidde^CH.C. T.y4364i ; 
he bat biddej> borwefi Langl. if vii. St ; J>e 
wikked he bidde^ [for beodcM to gon heore 
wai F. I. S. xxvii. ti ; biddei IsuM. 270; 
biddei S. a. L. 153; beddez Gaw. 1374; bit 
A. R. 156 ; Orm. 5454 ; bit, bid o. & n. 441, 
445, 1353 ; & helpcs me biddaV HOM. I. 13 ; 
hii biddi^ vor ur(e) Ton KoB. 335 \ heo bidde^ 
heom to gode MISC. 85 ; bide (imperat.) rel. 
L 186 ; bide hine hom. L 17 ; bide [bid] La). 
4378 ; bide [bidde] his grace H. M. n ; 
bidden (lud/) hom. 1. ii ; bat )e bidden for 
me Jul. tj ; biddlod« {pple.) ayenb. 319; 
biddinde [biddings] La]. 16754; bnd, bed 
iprtt.) Lk. vii. 3, viii. 37 ; bsed, bad, bead, 



lildan. 



57 



bed \jc^. 3454, 3971. 4767. 4879; bed a. 

R. 156; AYEN& 191; P. S. 348; & bed 

hine witen ^ne forwiindede mon MOU. 1. 
85 . bad Oku. 3385 ; Horn (L.) 79 ; Bee. 

3356 ; FeR. 3137 ; AH. UT. 13 ; Mand. 338 ; 

Tor. 1345; he bad hise bede gen. & SX. 
1375; heo bad for Hom Horn (L.) 79; w 
god it bad (tfor bead) 57 ; }>u bede La). 
31604; 0.& N. 550; Rob. 133; bone |iat ^ou 
bede P. S. 153; ^u me bede singe ShoR. 
118; bacden Lk. iv. 38; Orm. 697; bcden 
FRAG. 6; heo bcden [bede] hine come to 
helpe Laj. 666; bede WiLi. 3103; AL. (T.) 
370; Gow. \. Ill ; non ober hevene hi ne 
bede Fl. & Bl. 553; bAda (subj) ORM. 
95.95 ; bede Li^. 39884 ; A. R. 333 ; O. & N. 
1678 ; and bede ane bone Katu. 3401 ; ^t 
be watur bede leb. Jes. 317; bede, beede 
Langl. B viii, 103 ; bat hi for him bede 
Bee. 3256; badan (ppU.) UOM. IL 63; 
Wicu Lk. 3iv. 7*; bede WILL. 3410; Gow. 
\. 70; were bede to >e bridale Langl. A ii. 
36 ; & dide al als him beden [for boden) 
was Oru. 3138; comP- ja-Uddan; dariv. 
bed, beda, badan. 
blddwa, «b., O.E. biddere ; one who ordtn 
orbegi; bidder PR. c. 3679; Udderaa (/if.) 
and b^ers Langl. fvi. 306. 
bldduiiga,sb.,'=:If./f.(7.bittunge; biddtng. 
Praying, HOM. L 69 ; A. R. 108; biddinge 
AYENa 194. 

Uds,sb.,a£.bld,-^.^.(;.b[t; dtlay,Tov^ 
1463; c. if. 1761; wi^utcu bide L. B. R. 
113. 

bi-dda«6U, v., M.H,G. betouwen; btdtw; 
badtewe)> (prei.) ayenb. 95 ; bldftwad 
(ppU.) PAU-vi. 110. 

bidel, sf bOdaL 

bi-delTsn, v., O.E. bedelfan,=0.f>it. bi- 
deiva, O.L.G. bedelban, O.H.G. bitelban; 
dig round, dig; bidelve rel. L 116; s. s. 
(Web.) 1374; Ar. & Mer. I036; badalf 
ipret.) Mat.«v.i8; baibidolTens.S.(Web.) 
3044 ; bldolven (ppu.) Ch. Boet. v. i (151); 
bedolve Witx. 5353. 

bi-demen, v., condemn, HOM. I. 167. 

Inden, v., O.E.b!dan,'=O.L.G. bidan, GotA. 
beidan (TrijoiBt';(.<rflo.), O.N. bfta, 0.f/.G. 
bitan, mod.Eng. bide ; await, erpect, endure, 
MISC. 1 53 ; AN. LIT. 5 ; bide p. S. 204 ; S. S. 
(Web.) 3864 ; OCTOV. (W.) 874 ; Gaw. 374 ; 
Langl. S xviii. 307 ; Min.v. 52; Tor. 1033; 
bide an dwelle P. L. s. iii. 40 ; i mai no lenger 
bide Ch. C. t. .(4 4237; bjde an answare 
Flor. 364 ; muche chele he bid spec, i 10 (a. 
D. 176) ; bide (imper.) H. M. 11 ; bide (sub/.) 
HOM. H. 149; bta -(firet.) PebC. 569; 
Herodc king bad after J>ejre come Orm, 
6507 ; bod Gow. in. 393; )ie navre wowe 
ne bod hom. II. 33; bod [boodl ['mansil'] 
WiCL. I KINGS xxiii. 18; bood Ch. C. T. 
'4 4399; bldan (prel.pl.) Laj. 13690; reb. 



58 



biden. 



bi-fdren. 



LiNC 17; hi nefre ne bide nane niede hom. 
II. 221; biden (ppU^ Alis. 897; Man. 
(F.) 3403 ; comp, a*, an-, )e-, orer-bidan ; 
deriv, bide, bftde. 

bidingy sb., OJEl. biding; dek^^ Fer. 4026 ; 
PR. C 4708. 

biddne, adv., at once^ at the satne time^ Orm. 
4793; Hav. 730; L. H. R. 63; Man, (H.) 
45 ; MiN. iv. 53 ; (ms, by dene) MiRC 1870; 
342 ; bifore, hure knele ^e alle bi dene (ms, 
bi dene) ass. 347 ; \t orf deiede al bidene 
P. s. 342 ; hit falewe^ al bidene (ms, by dene) 
SPEC. 61 ; bedene (ms. bedene, be dene) Guy 
(Z.) 2408; Egl. 1 128; ANT. Arth. xxiv; 

MIR. PL. 117. 

bi-derken, v., darken^ biderked {pple) 
Gow. I. 81. 

bi-deman, v., 0,E. bi-, bedyman ; conceal^ 

FRAG. 8. 
bi-didren, v., 0,E, bedidrian ; delude^ Orm. 

15391 f \^ ^t:U\ hafde hem al bididred & 

forblended 19 138. 

bi-dihten, v., bedight ; bidight {pple) Degr. 

144. 
bi-ddn, v., a M,L.G. bedon, M.H.G. betuon ; 
defile with ordure^ A. R. 130. 

bi-ddtOy v., make to dote^ make foolish \ bedote 
Ch, L. G. w. 1547. 

bidowe, sb., t kind of weapon^ Langl. A xi. 

211. 
bi-dravelen. y.^^L,G, bedrabeln; drabble \ 

bedrabilid (pple.) PR. P. 28 ; his herd was bi- 

draveled Langl. j9 v. 194. 

bi-drenohen, v., so4ik^ steep \ bedreint 
(pple,) CT. LOVE 577. 

bi-driven, v., O.E. bedrlian; drive about: 
we beo% . . . mid wedere bidrlvwie La^. 
6206. 

bi-droppe, v., - Ger. betropfen ; bedrop ; be- 
droppe Gow. III. 254; bidroppad {pple,) 
Langl. ^xiii. 321. 

bi-diitten, v.» shut up: ¥xr ]m bist feste 
bidytt GR. 27. 

bi-dwelien, v., seduce, confound : heo bid- 
weolieS {pres,) simple men A. R. 128 ; as he 
bidweoled \v, r, bidweolet] (pple,) were 
Kath. 1258. 

bied, see bdod. 

biexiy see bten. bien, see buggen. 

bi-dode, v., 0.E, bi-, beeode ; went round. 
La;. 1 188; bi3ede Shor. 145; bleoden 
Kath. 1614. 

bieren, see beren. biem, see beom. 

bi-falleily v., 0,E, befeallan, *= 0,L,G, (incidere) 
bifallan, 0,H,G, pifallan ; befall, fall, a L. 
293 ; bifaUe Laj. 4508* ; Hav. 2981 ; Will. 
547; in seknesse bifalle hom. I. 157; bi- 
▼alleS (pres,) a. r. 246; bi^ol (Pret,) leg. 
4 ; bifel GEN. & EX. 963 ; Langl. A prol. 6; 
befel HOM. 1. 231 ; hit bifiil La^ 1818* ; Bek. 



219; ^ oreisouns . . . )>at bifiille (pertained) 
ber to p. L. s. xxL 170;' bilUlen (pple,) HOM. 
1. 281 ; bevalle ayenb. 49 ; \o was hit bivalle 
(first text ilumpen) Laj. 7195*. 
bi-fidlingey sb., happening, occurrence, Ch. 
Tro. iv. 990; bifSeOlingea (pL) WiCL. wisd. 
vni. 8. 

bi-foalden, v., 0,E, bi-, befealdan,B,a//:(?. 
pifaldan; envelop ', befiold (pret,) Mk. xv. 
46 ; bi% berealde (pple,) ayenb. 8, 188 ; bi- 
folde CL. M. 27 ; lai le fr. 172. 

bi-felen, v., 0,E, bi-, befeolan, OJ.,G, bi- 
felhan, 0,H,G, pifelhan, -felahan; commit: 
helle \t we weren in bifolen (Pple). hom. I. 
123 ; of t ic habbe bevolen an orer senne v. & 
V.9. 

bi-fellen, v., OJS, befyllan ; fell, cut dawn ; 
blTeollen (/ ms, biveolen) La;. 27069. 

bi-flnden, v., 0,Fris. bifinda, - O./ZIC?; pi- 
ifindan;yf;f</; blTond (pret,) Rob. 267; bi- 
Ainden (pple,) hom. II. 47 ; h. M. 31 ; Orm. 
748. 

bi-flSan, v., 0,E. beflean; flay; beyls^e 
AYENa 73 ; bo ))et beTl6a)> |)e povre volk 218 ; 
beflain (pple,) Goi^, III. 183. 

bi-fledeiiy y,,^Ger, befluten; flow round i 
^ sae hine biflMde LA3. 25738. 

bi-fldon, v,,miO,E. heAeon,'^ OJ/,G, piileo- 
han ; fiee, escape ; biflien hom. 1. 169 ; bifluen 
P. L. S. viii. 77 ; bivli Si}OR. 127 ; be-, bivli 
AYENB. 9, 134; bevll3^ (pres,) ayenb. 73: 
bifl§ (subj,) Shor. 36; beTlo3e (prel,) 
ayenb. yy. 

bi-fliiiig;^ sb., shunning ; bevliinge ayenb. 
121. 

bi-fleten, v., cause lo be surrounded: mid see 
him bifl^tte (pret,) Horn (L.) 1396. 

bi-fldweiif \,,flaw around ; bi-fldwe (PPle.) 
Horn vH.) 612. 

bi-f61e, v., befool, Gow. 1. 10. 

bi-fdn, v., 0.E, bi-, befon, 0,L,G,, O.H,G, bi- 
nihan ; contain, encompass : \^ loverd ))et al )« 
world ne muhte n5ut bivon A. R. 76 ; Brutus 
bifene al )»at him biforen wes La^. 829 ; mid 
aene (r. ane) bende of gold aelc hafde his haefd 
bivonge 24748 ; mid deofle bivon hom. I. 9. 

bi-forcen» v., force, ravish ; beforst (Pret.) 
Barb. 536.' 

bi-f6ren, adv. & prep., 0,E. bi-, beforan, - 
0,L,G. biforan; before, Orm. 117; procl. 

.5 ; SPEC 24 ; Jos. 28 ; Mihhal eode biforen 
hom. I. 41 ; ieour eiber sunega)S biforan 
drihten 15; biforen [bifore] and bihinden 
^3* 439; biforen ^n kinge 8820; biforen 
alle o^re H. M. 19 ; ^r biforen GEN. & EX. 
665 ; biforen, -vorcn frag. 7 ; bivoren A. R. 
190; swo we biforan qve^n misc. 146; 
biforen, -fore [* ante *] Mat. v. 12 ; Lk. i. 8 ; 
bifom Hav. 1022 ; Ch. C, t. y^ 100 ; bifom, 
bifore Mand. i, 225 ; seen befom, [bifore 
sc] [^praevidere '] WiCL. ECCLES. iv. 13 ; bi- 



bi-fdren. 



big. 



59 



fore P. L. s. xviii. 136 ; ^ sterre ^t iede bifore 
hem Misa 27 ; bifore ^at oure king wes ded 
P. & 246. 

lilibre-oaatinffy sh,^ pre-ealculoHon^ malice 
aforeth&ughti of biforecasting [* de indusMa*] 
wiCL. Jer. xxxviii. 4. 

bifbre-on&weiiy v., foreknow^ know before- 
kand: God biforeknSw (Pret.) al^o the 
thingis to cominge of hem WiCL. wiSD. xix. 
I*; Mfbre-kndwiiige know thow ^scito 
praenosans ' WiCL. GEN. xv. 13. ^ 

bUbxe-eumeii, v., cotne before : as he kncrn^ 
him strongli bifbreoiunmen \^ se a viro 
praevenium'\ of the man WiCL. 2 Macc 
xiv. 31. 

blfbre-e&tten, v., cut beforehand \ bifore* 
Utte 3e ^ praecedite*^ the braunchis therof 
WiCL. Dan. iv. II. 

bifore-gft]], v., go before : merci and treuthe 
shul biforgo \^praecediU'\ thi £aice WiCL. 
PS. kxxviiL 15. 

bifore-goete, sb., forerunner \ I schal 
sende thi biforegoere ]^ praecursorem^\ an 
aungel WiCL. ex. xxxiii. 2 ; nise ^ and sue 
the biforgoerifl \^ praecedentes^ Josh. iii. 
3 ; sentist waspis beforgoeres of thin ost 
WISD. xii. 8. 

bifore-greit$en« v., prepare beforehand : I 
shal beforereitbe ['/ni^ra^ '] thi seed 
WlCL. PS. Txxxviii. 5 ; the vois of the Lord 
befoi]g;reithende herttis [*praeparantis cervos*] 
xxviiL 9; he . . upon the flod is befor^ 
greithide it xxiii. 2. 

bifore-greiSingey sb., preparation \ ri^t- 
wisnesse and dom beforgreithing ['/riti^^^ar- 
oHo '] of thi sete WicL. PS. kocxviii. 15 ; so is 
the beforgreithing of it Ixiv. 10. 

bifor-gorden, v.: gird before; God that 
beforgirte \(Pret^ me (* praecinxit me*)'] with 
vertue WiCL. PS. xvii. 33 ; thou beforgirtist 
me with vertue xvii. 40 ; the Lord befoigirte 
himself hcxxxii. i. 

bifore-had, pple., prewously held\ Pharao 
shal restore thee to the biforehad \^ pristi- 
num*] gree WiCL. GEN. xl. 13; after their 
visage befomhadde WiCL. 4 kings xvii. 4a 

bifore-hond, adv., see hand. 

before-ooupien, v., occupy beforehand', it 
befomocupieth that couegteth it WiCL. wiSD. 
vi. 14 ; beiforocupie wee his face in knoulech- 
ing PS. Ixxxxiv. 2 ; if he were befornocupied 
^praeoccupcUus*\ bi deth WiCL. wiSD. iv. 

7. 

bifom-pasaend, ^i^<t,texcelling\ in alle thi 
werkes befompassende be thou [* praeceltens 
esto '] WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxiii. 23. 

bifor-rfidlingeySb., preparation ; the befor- 
rediing [*praeparationem*] of the herte of 
hem herde thm ere Wicl. ps. ix. 17. 

blfore-renner, sb., fore-runner: i shal 



sende an aungel thi beforerenner ['praecur' 
sorem '] WiCL. ex. xxxiii. 2. 

bifore-i^pe, adj., sb., ear/y : the beforeriip 
grapes \^praecoquae uvae'] WiCL. NUM. xiii. 
21. 

bifore-aoSawen, v., foreshow; before- 
•hiwinge (ppie.) WiCU GEN. xxxxi. 11. 

bifore-s5n, y.^ foresee: that cannot beforese 
(*praevidere *) in to tyme to comynge WiCL. 
ECCLUS. iv. 13; alle my weies thou betomrtje 
(Pres.) Wicl. ps. cxxxviii. 4, 

bifore-Mnden, v., send before ; bUbreaenta 
(Pret.) [' praemisit *] WiCL. 2 Macc. xii. 21 ; 
bifonent (pp/e.) Wicl. wisd. xix. 2. 

bifom-aetten, v., set before ; into eche folc 
of kiude he befomsette \^praeposuit*] a gouer- 
nour WiCL. ecclus. xvii. 14 ; bafonattenda 
[*praeponens '] WiCL. £sth. i. 8. 

bifora-«ingan« v., lead the chant ; Chinonye 
. . . was souereyn to biforsynge melodie [' ad 
praecinendam melodiam '] WiCL. i paralip. 
XV. 22 ; with the whiche she beforesonge 
Wicl. ex. xv. 21. 

bifor^p^kere, sb., spokesman; profete, 
that is, interpretour ether bifor-spekere [for- 
spekere] WiCL. ex. vii. i note. 

bifoxa-ap^klngey sb., preface: prefecioun 
or biforespeking WiCL. 2 Macc ii. 33. 

biforeHrtraooheny v., hold out^ extend: 
beforstrecche ]^praetende '] thi merci to men 
knowende thee WiCL. ps. xxxv. ii. 

bifora-tdkan, v., anticipate : soone shul 
befortaken Vanticipent *] us thi mercies WiCL. 
PS. Ixxviii. 8. 

bifora-tallao» v., declare; heuenes shulen 
his ri^twisnes bdbretelle [* annuntiabant *'^ 
WiCL. PS. xxxxix. 6; bafortolde (pret.) thi 
ri3twisnesse xxxix. 10. 

bifor^waUinga, -wal, sb., outwork ; [' cmie- 
wf^f^/f'] Wicl. Is. xxvi. i. 

bifora-waman, v., warn before; bifom- 
wamadan (pret. pi) [*praemonebant*] WiCL. 
WISD. xviii. 19. 

bifore-wSTen, v., spread over ; the cloudis 
. . . that beforewauen (Pres.) [^praetexunt*] 
alle thingus theraboue WiCL. Job xxxvi. 28. 

bifora-wiitan, v., prescribe : as in the law it 
is befom writan 'praes'criptum' WiCL. 2. 

PARALIP. XXX. 5. 

bi-frapen, v., beat about; bifrapad (pple,) 
Fer. 2987. 

bi-firdosen, ^.^^M.H.G. bevriesen; freeze; 
bifroran (pple.) Orm. 13856 ; befrose Gow. 
I. 22a' 

bi-ffilaiif v., O.K. bcfylan, - Z?jy. bevuilen ; 
befoul^ defile, A. R. 128 ; befilin voc 143 ; 
bavdl|> (pres) avenb. 178 ; bilbulat (pple.) 
C L. 1 147. 

big, adj., big, Hav. 1774 ; Will. 173 ; Ch. 
C. T. ^$46; PR. C 1460; bigga (//.) 



6o 



big. 



bi'ginnen. 



Langl. ^vi. 3i6; biggore {compar.) Jos. 
452 ; bigger Gaw. 2101. 
big^li, adv., stron^ljf^ firmly^ loudly, ful 
bigli me haldes A. P. lii. 321 ; bound horn full 
bigii Gaw. 1141, 11 62, 1584; Alex. (Sk.) 
^yj^^ 1x38, 423 ; D- Troy 6035, 
big, sb., 0.N, byggf^O.E, beow, OJLG. bcu 
(cofyi)f prov£n£. big n. ; barley y VOC 233, 

bijy see bteh. 

bi-gabben, y»y^Swed. begabba; mockt de- 
ceive : i nam no^t bigabbed Rob. 458. 

bi-^ete, sb., iuquisition^ goin^ generation^ 
product. Orm. 16835 ; for ))aere muchele 
bi3aete [bijeatel La^ 609 ; bi^te Roa 65 ; 
P. L. S. xiii. 358 ; REL. I. 26^ ; WILL. 2303 ; 
P. S. 200 ; biyete Misc 76 ; bigete GEN. & ex. 
896 ; Ar. & Mer. 1437 ; bigete, bijeate A. R. 
154, 166 ; Kath. 472; bi3eate H. M. 27 ; beiete 
OCTOV. (W.) 848. 

bi-g&len, v., O.E. begalan, « OJt,G, begalon ; 

enchant ; blgtteS (pres,) HOM. II. 197 ; heo 

bigolen (pret.) ^at child mid galdere swi¥e 

stronge LA3. 19256. 
bi-galwen, v., f terrify ; ^t hors was swift as 

ani swalwe no man might )>at hors begalowe 

Ell. ROM. II. 171. 

bigamiOy sb., Fr. bigamie; bigamy^ gen. & 

EX. 448. 

bi-gan, v., O.E. bi-, begangan, -gin,sO.Z..6^. 
bi^angan, OM,G. pigangan, -gan ; go round*. 
mid golde bigon LA3. 7623 ; al )>at |>e sae 
big&o (presT) 11200; wo yt bigd^ REL. II. 
273; |>e mid watere is b^eonge [bi^onge] 
(ppie,) LA3. 23702 ; |>a wes ]ia welle an an al 
mid attre bigon tainted 19773 ; bigan HOM. I. 
149 ; \t feld with oten was al bigon over^run 
LEG. 34; wel begon R. R. 580; wo was \\s 
wrecched womman bo bigon Ch. C. t. B<)i% ; 
be er)>e it is whicne ever mo wi)> mannes 
labour is bego cultivated (jQW, 1. 152. 

bi-g^pen, w.y'^M.Du, begapen; gape at : ))es 
kelser big&pede (pret,) ham Kath. 1262. 

bi-^elpen, v., boast of: hou shulde i thanne 
me beyelpe ... of thi largesse Gow. III. 155 ; 
bijelp Guy 1455. 

bijels, sb., 0,E, bygels ; from b1i3en ; arch^ 
* [arcus) vel fornix^ FRAG. 3. 

bi-gemen, v., 0,E, begyman, 0,H,G, pi- 
goumen ; observe^ take care of Sax. chr. 
258; bigSmeS (pres,) HOM. II. 183. 

bi-g^nge, sb., 0,E, blgeng; service, worship : 
^if wehis bigenge halda% HOM. I. 119. 

bi-^eondeiiy -^eondey -^ende, adv. & prep., 
0,E, begeondan ; beyond, Laj. 1231, 2639, 
4884 ; begenden John iii. 26 ; bi^onden Orm. 
10603 ; beiondin s. & C. I. xxix; bijonde Mand. 
I ; bijonde ))e broke A^. P. i. 141 ; biionde (ms, 
biyonde) Misc 145 ; biihonde PR. c. 4458 ; 
beionde Sax. chr. 266 ; be3onde M. H. 78 ; 
bi3onde, -^ende RoB. 2, 181 ; bi3onde, -3unde 
Trev. Vlll. 8i ; bi3ende an. lit. 5 ; gest. 



R. I ; beiende ^ se ayenb. 165 ; bijunde 
BrD; 3 ; bi^endis WiCL. Mk. iii. 8 ; bi|ODdes 
WiCL. 2 Cor. x. 16. 

bi-^eoten, v., 0£, b^otan, O.H.G. pigiozan ; 
sprinkle \ blgotan (ppU,) Jul. 27; Di30ten 
HOM. I. 261. 

bi-gemen, v., 0.E, bigrinian; ensnare \ bi- 
gemin (pres.pL) apol. 64. 

bi-getel^ adj., f advantageous', he maden 
swi¥e bigetel forward gen. & EX. 1992. 

bi-^ten, v., 0,E, bi-, begitan, -gietan, -g]^an, 
• OJ^,G, bigetan, Goth, bigitan, O.H.G. pi- 
gesan; beget ^ acquire^ HOM. I. 27; bi3eten9 
bi3iten, bi3eoten LA3. 434, 1206, 13496; 
bi3eten, bi3eoten Kath. 1633 ; bi3iten a. r. 
142 ; bi3ete O. & N. 1629 ; bigeten GEN. & 
EX. 1532; bi3eat (pret.) LA3. 3179; bejaet, 
bejfet Sax. chr. 256 ; bi3et a. r. 160 ; ich 
bi3et hit iwriten Marh. 2 ; |>e fader )>at me 
bi3at Brd. 24; bigat Orm. 13986; Will. 
^77 \ ()>u) bigete HOM. II. 29; heo bi3aeten 
LA3. 19366 ; heo bi3eten Rome 7368 ; bi3et«ii 
(pple,) Orm. 1645; s. s. (Web.) 1066; be- 
xeten Sax. chr. 256; bi3eten, bi3iten La). 
424 J, 8865 ; beyete ayenb. 130; bi3ite P. L. s. 
xxiii. 18; bi3ute Bek. 119; J^at ha beo¥ bi- 
3etene Kath. 264. 

begetare, sb., begetter, ^genitor^ PR. P. 28. 

begettngey sb., begetting^ ^genitura^ genera" 
tioi PR. p. 28. 

bl-giften, y.^ entrust \ begifte (pret.) OCTOV. 

(>v.) 675. 

biggen^ see buggen. 

biggen^ v., OJ^. bygeja, byggya ; from bQen ; 
buildj cultivate, inhabit; bitwenen men to 
biggen (^«/^/^) Orm. 161 1; higf^ ^aedifico* 
PR. P. 35 ; bigge WiCL. S. w. II. 50; PL. T. 
475; blgge (Pre^,) APOL. 71; biggeda 
(pret,) GEN. & ex. 1 1 37 ; bigged Man. (F.) 
8725; planted and bigged PR. C 4850; 
bigged (pple,) Gaw. 20; Lidg. m. P. 264; 
biggit ant. Arth. vi. 

bigger, sb., builder ; biger Flor. 8. 

bigginge, sb., 0,N, bygging, ; habitation^ 
building, * cudificium^ * aedifcatio,^ PR. P. |5 ; 
bigging GEN. & EX. 718 ; ISUM. 78 ; bugging 
P. S. 151. 

bi-gilen, v., beguile, Horn (R.) 328 ; bigile 
PR. c 1264; bigileS (pres,) a. R. 330; 
begile)> ayenb. 16; bi3uled Kath. 1054; 
blgiled (pple.) P. L. S. xiii. 323 ; Langl. 
B xviii. 290 ; bigiled, bi3uled A. R. 268, 270. 

bi-gilere, sb., deceiver-, begilere WiCL. JOB 
xii. 16. 

bi-ginnen, v., O.E, beginnan, = 0,L,G. bi- 
ginnan, O.H,G, piginnan ; begin, Kath. 281 ; 
Orm. 7822; biginne Ch. C. t. A\i\ wc 
willen biginne ure larspel HOM. I. 75 ; bi- 
ginne, bigunnen LA3. 20739, 28130; bigun- 
nen H. M. 11; bigunt> (pres^ Shor. 71 ; 
bigan (pret,) Rob. 10; Ch. C. t. .^44; 



bi-giiiii0iL 



bi-hftwen. 



6x 



began hom. I; 219; bxgon [bigan] him to 
speken La^. 25765 ; bigon hom. I. 43 ; o. & 
N. 13 ; yvL bigiinne hom. II. 85 ; begonne 
AYENB. 71; Ch. C. t. G442; bigunnen 
Kath. 294; GEN. & EX. 536; Hav. ioii ; 
and bigunnen . . . raesen to somne La). 27493 ; 
b^^nnen Mand. 41 ; bigonne Bek. 527 ; 
biguimen (^le.) Jul. 28 ; Orm. 782 j ; PR. 
c. 6476; begonnen Mand. 40; bigonne 
Shor. 58. 

biginnaxe, sb., » ^.Z..Cr. beginner; de- 
ginnery biginner A. P. i. 436 ; bqg^nnare PR. 
p. 28. 

biginningey sb., i!/./^.Cr. beginnunge; be- 
ginning^ Kath. 290; biginning Orm. 706; 
biginninge, biginnunge A. R. 54, 206; bi- 
ginnunge Jul. 27. 

bi-ginnenf v.; deceive \ biginne Misa 79; c. 
M. 388a 

tligiit adj. $ adv., O^. byggiligr; inhabitable; 
pleasant ; great, big\ bigli blis Flor. 1681 ; 
bigli landis 220 ; bigli bild A. P. i. 962 ; bigli 
and swi)>e Jos. 571 ; see also under big. 

bi-glidOy v., 0£* beglidan; creep past, spec 

87. 
bi-glued, pple.| caught with birdlime^ Lidg. 

M. P. 115.' 

bi-grAden, v., cry out against; bigrede O. & 
N. 1413; bigraden HOM. II. 173; bigrddeS 
(pres.) HOM. II. 69; begr^dda (pret.) M. 
Arth. 1812; bigradde o. & N. 1144; bi- 
gradden wept Aus. 5175; bigrAd (pple,) 8. S. 
(Web.) 1 5 18. 

bi-grAveiiy v., 0,£. bi-, begrafan, - aZ/lC?. 
bigraban; bury; higtAvea ippU,) Ar. & 
Mer. 98 ; begrave Gow. I. 189 ; (engraved) 
I. 127. 

bi-gripeiiy v., 0,E, begifpan,«B 0./m. bigifpa, 
OJiXj. begrifen ; apprehend, comprehend, 
reprehend, rel. 1. 220 ; begripe Pall. ii. 278 ; 
begripe)) {pres) Gow. III. 102; & ec 
Farisewishe men bigrftp (pret,) he bus wi)> 
worde Orm. 9754 ; sant Johan hafde \e kine 
Mgripen ipple.) of his sinne 19857; mid 
senne begripe hom. I. 237. 

bi-grippeiif v,,^M,H,G. begripfen ; gr^^ 
seise; bigrlpte (pret.) Gaw. 214. 

bi-gr6weii, y,, grow around; begrdwe (pple,) 
tk)W. 1 1. -358 ; was mid ivi al bigrowe o. & N. 
27. 

bi-gmooheiif v., grumble at; bl*grao6he|> 
(pres,) Langl. A viL 62. 

M^ty sb., 0,E. byht; from bC^en; bi^ht, 
binding, rel. I. 190; ))e bi3t of ^e )>i3es 
Gaw. 1349 ; see bo^t. 

bi-gfiTdel« sb., OJS, bi-, biggyrdel,«a/>7>. 
bigerdel, O.H.G, pigurtel ; girdle, a. R. 124 ; 
bigizdlcs (//.) Langl. A viii. 87 ; Mgerdlen 
(i£/.//.) Mat. X. 9. 

M-gfirden, v., O.E. begyrdan, « O.H.G, bigur^ 
tan; begird; big&rt (pres.) A.R. 378; bl- 



geita (pret.) Shor. 51 ; bigirt (pple.) Hal- 
Liw. 174. 

bi-habben, v., behave; behave Flor. 1567. 

behaTingy sb., behaviour, Mer. 49. 

bi-bsSy bihtet, sb., O.E. behss /C ; behest, prO' 
mise, hom. 1 1. 61 ; bihas Alis. 7040* ; bihaeste, 
biheste La^. 1263, 1875 1 ; biheste HOM. 1. 33 ; 
A. R. 208; Bek. 1406; Ch. C. t. B\i; 
beheste ayenb. 225. 

bi-hi&Bteny v., from bihitot ; promise ; bi- 
haatest (pres) hom. 1. 185 ; behaated (pple.) 
Lidg. Boch. in n. £. d. 

bi-hiue, sb., « O.Fris. bihach, M.Du. behaegh, 
MJi.G. behage f. ; t pleasure ; bi his bihaje 
HOM. I. 137. 

bi-ha^n, v.,»O.L*G. bihagon, O.Fris. bx- 
hagia; t please; biha^eS (pres.) hom. 1. 135. 

bi-halfy sb., for half; behalf: on mi behalfb 
(dat.) Ch. TRO. ii. 1458 ; on foddes behalve 
Mand. 225 ; in ^ kinges binalf (v. r. half) 
Trev.VIH. 347. 

bi-halveiiy v., » O.H.G. behalben ; surround; 
bihalve Hav. 1834 ; bihalven (pres.) gen. 

& EX. 3355. 

bi-hangien, v^ hang round-, bihonge Alis. 
758 ; bibonged (ppTe.) hhy. 20125 ; behonged 
Will. 5015. 

bi-h&t» sb., O.E. behSt, - OX.G. bihit, O.H.G. 
piheiz ; promise ; behftte (dat.) hom. I. 225 ; 
bih&tea (//.) hom. I. 89 ; behotes PS. cxv. 
14. 

bi-h&ten, v., O.E. behHtan, » O.H.G. piheizan ; 
promise, HOM. I. 25 ; La^. 18396 ; bihoten 
A. R. 6; behoten WiCL. i. paral. xxix; 9; 
behotin PR. P. 29; behote, bihote (pres.) 
Langl. A v. 235; behote, bihoote, biheete 
Ch. C. t. ^1854; behet(e) mir. pl. 15; 
bihat^ LA3. 20626 ; bihat hom. I. 39 ; A. R. 
6 ; behat, behot ayenb. 64, 97 ; (^e) bihate^ 
La^. 12487; (heo) bihote^ A. R. 430; bihfit 
(pret.) hom. I. 99; Kath. 415 ; a. r. 176; 
Orm. 5574 ; GEN. & EX. 1884 ; Horn (L.) 
470 ; Bek. ioio ; biheihte [behehte] La). 
1263 ; beheighte mir. pl. 20 ; bihi3te IIangl. 
Ay. 47; WiCL. gen. xxxviii. 23; (Jni) bi- 
hete LA3. 18925; H. H. 197 (199); behete 
Fer. 1402; bihet Orm. 7621 ; ie bihigbten 
Ch. C. T. 7^1327 ; (heo) bihasten Laj. 5165 ; 
bihete R. s. v; p. L. s. xvi. 164; bih&tan 
(pple.) Kath. 756 ; Orm. 13823 ; bihoten 
A. R. 182; Hav. J64; bihote o. & N. 1745; 
Gow. II. 28; WiCL. Rom. i. 2; bihik 
SPEC 37. 

bi^h§teret sb., promiser^ WiCL. 2 Mac x. 
28 ; biheter Heb. vii. 22. 

behdtixige, sh.,^ O.H.G. piheizunga; pro- 
mise, AYENB. 207. 

bi-hdtieny y.,^MX.G. behaten; hate; bi- 
bAted (J^le.) Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (75) ; bihatid 
H. V. 89. 

bi-hftwon, v., OJE. behiwian ; looh at, beheld, 



63 



M-hfiafain. 



W folk to bihowe Man. (F.) i i 165 ; baUw» 

(/*f^r.) Mat. vii. s- 
U-hiafdin, v^ 0£. beheafdiao, - JT^.f?. 

behoubeten; te/^ad, ]vi- Af\ bihefden Kath. 

3373 ; bihafdi L\y 36396 ; bebMctada [pnt.) 

Mat. xiv. 10; blfaeavwlsd (^e.) iiisc. 

154 ; bihev«ded P. 1- S. xv. 171 ; bibeveded, 

bihedid Wici. Lk. uc 9. 
blhSfdnngs, sK, O^. biheafdung ; behtad^ 

img, A. R. 184. 
bi-healden, bihildsn, v., 0£. bi-, beheal- 

dan,(?X.(;.biha]dan,a//;(;.pihalun;^A«i^ 

luld, Hou. II. 3S ; bihalden Okh. 15663; 

bibalde Iw. 1436 ; bibatden a. r. 54 ; bihalde, 

bibolde o. St n. 71, 1335 ; bibdde S. S. (Web.) 

744 ; be alle weren eBte(l)liche to bihaldene 

HOU.I.4i;bauUdeS(j»rvj.)LA].3t333;bihalt 

A. K. 314 ; ^ pater noster bihalt (avatli) ax 

noht HOH. I. 65 ; hwet bihali (trgyu/les) . . . 

}et tu ne bubcst to me Marh. 7 ; we muiben 

ten what it bihalt Oku. 13408 ; bebalt WlCi. 

Job xxxix. 39 ; blhAld (at/end) unto mi 

bcde stevenc PS. v. 3 ; UhSold (fire/.) Kath. 

744 ; hit naht oe beheld {availtd) Sax. CHR. 

350; bibeeld Langl. (Wr.) 35; bihuld Bek. 

710; biheolden, bihulden Laj. 5737, 36331; 

bihielden hou. II. 33 ; bibelden Kath. 741 ; 

bohdlden {^U.) Mand. 13 ; e. T. 358 ; i 

am beholde (obliged) Gow. HI. 354. 
balidldan, ib., beholder, 'intfiecior,' Px. P. 

38. 
bUtHdungs, sb., beholding, Marh. 14; 

biholdunge a. r. 53; beholdinge ^itufieetio' 

PR. p. a8. 
bi-htawmi, v., O.E. bi-, ixMa.-waxi,-dJi.G. 

pihauwan ; hew around \ Ubtm (^l*-) 

LEG. 46. 
tii-h$d»n, v., - O.H.G. befauotan ; gvard, ob- 

terve, prevent : hwat can fiat jongling hit 

bibede aif hit misdeb hit mot nede o. & n. 

635; blhftdd* (firel!) rel. II. 335; his Hcst 

iK>3t wel he ne bihedde O. & U. io3 ; ^ king 

hit wd bihedde Laj. 19046 ; ^ou art mis 

blliAd (fipU.) LEG. 17. 
bi-hdlden, v., v>ash by figuring; wit bale- 

wende wattres biheofden ham a:ie Kath. 

1400, 
bi-helien, v., 0£. bi-, bebdian.-O.Z.C. bi- 

helian, O.H.G. pihdlen ; cover ; al ^s world 

is bUiAlad (Pfile.) mid h«)iene bode misc. 91 ; 

bebdid Rich. 5586. 
bi-hemmen, v., hem round; bihemmcn and 

bileggecfi: N. 673. 
bi-lL6ngeii( v., - Ger. behengen ; hang round : 

blhanEod (/r<r/.) al wift belles Oru. 951. 
bihdten, lee bib&t«ii. 
bi-hSTS, a4j., O.E. hchih ; firofit^lt, HOH. I. 

313, II. 7; bUifiTMt (sufierl.) A. R. 398; 

eomfi. iui-blhAT«. 
bi-h«Te, sb., fO.E. behtie; firojS/; moni uvel 

ich iaco ^r innc & none biheve a. R. 96 ; 



bi-hfiden. 

bibeve, biheeve c. L. 1435 ; to ban bibevfe 
(prinud byhove) S. S. (Wr.) 3301. 

bi-hijen. v., make heute ; bULte {imp.) c. H. 
5087 ; bibids (pret.) 5. S. (Wr.) 953. 

bi-binden, adv. & prep., O.E. behindan,-* 
O.L.C. bihindan ; behind, frag. 8 ; HOU. I. 
143; Jul. 49; Orm. 401; Bek. 1374; Ar. 
& Mer. 331 ; bihinden [bihiadc] La]. 439; 
jif he loke bihinden [bihinde] him Ch. Bokt. 
lii. 13 (108); bibinde rel. I. 183; bwo li^ 
bihinde O. & N. 538 ; bihinde )« bure 937 ; 
bebinde AYEN& 130; bihindis WiCL. PHIL. 
iii. 13. 

bl-h6f. 8b., O.E. behSf; - Jw, MJ-G. be- 
h5f, M.H.G. behoof; behoof, firofit, ute; M- 
bOv« [bibofe] (da/.) La;. 1050; bihove Hav. 
1764; tohisowenebihove A.R.70; tourealre 
bihove REL. 1. 173 (uisc. 108); bi-, behove c iL 
7100; Mrve|i to oiir behove TRANS. XIX. 330. 
baliS£-fi>l. adj., profitable, HIST. Edw. 13; 
WiCL. PS. cxiiv. 15. 
beta^-UOb. adj., O.E. behSfllc; profi/abU; 
behovdi ' ofiporlunui ' PR. p. 39 ; Ch. TRO. 
ii. 361 ; Kath.' 90. 

bebSf-Buo, adj., profitable, avemb. 99; bi- 
hovesum Ar. & Mer. 3804. 

bi-bdflen, v., O.E. bi-, bdiofian, - QJ^ris. bi- 
hSvia; behove; bihoven ^oportere'^ Wici_ 
wiSD. XV. 13; bibSfb{) (prei^) Oru. 16706; bi- 
hoveK hou. 1.83; LAJ.945; (»«. biou««) GEN. 
&EX. 11J9; bihove)) l.ANGL.£xvii. 313; hem 
bihoveb mnche mete Rob. 177 ; ^ bihove^ 
godes helpe Shor. 9; ; behove^ AVEMa 58 ; 
behori^ TOR. i63 ; bi-, behoves Will. 739^ 
3349; behoves Iw. 3033; 5. s. (Wr.) 1545] 

6ne be(h)ofiaV nanre dedbote HOii. I. 345; 
hflftdo, bihovede Kprti.) La;. 657, 1081 ; 

bibovede a. r. 394 ; Jul. 50 ; hir bihoved ^ 

to bide Perc 3338. 
bi-bdf^, adj.,- MJ..G. bchSvig, M.H.G. be- 

huofec (/j^fftit); t profitable; bwet is elde bi- 

hovigHOif. 11.109. 
bi-bdrte, sb.,-0.^w.,;tf.Z,.G.beh5fte; utt, 

Hon. I. 19; bihof^ Rob. 36; (ms. biof^) 

I-AJ. 4378* ; bihof^ biheftbe, bihofte Langl. 

Cxiii. 187; bihofte (im, bioAe) GEN. & EX. 

1408. 
bi-hofiai, v., 0£. behoeian ; care for ; ^ 

laverd teal biholqian )«t be habbe godes ful- 

tum hom. I. 113; heore gode wepnen wuilS- 

liche blbo^edoi (prel.pl.) La]. 17369. 
bi-hdn, v., O.E. behoa,- 0./f.C. pibahan ; 

clothe ; mid gode laeve bihon La;. 5630 ; bU 

htacMi Ipret.) HOU. II. 891 bUuuigai, 

-hongen (pfile.) Laj. 3637, 34465. 
bi-borjeiL, v., defile; bttbomnd (/jMlr.) 

AYENB. 337. 
bi-hiinen, v., touc/t, fall upon ; birioe HORN 

(L.) II. 
bi-hCden, v., 0£. bi-, behf dan, O.H.G. be- 

buotan ; conetal ; bUtU (J»vt.) HOH. 1. 109 ; 



U-hlimen. 

tiUtSd {imptr.) REL. I. 177 ; MhSda {tMij.) 
HOH. I. 109 ; beliAdd* (pret.) Mat. xxv. 35 ; 
bUiSdsd {ppU.) FRAG. 7 ; bibud a. R. 100. 

bi-hfimen, v., Mide in a eonur; 'bUtmrnxlp 
{pru.pl.) PL. CR. 643. 

\A-iiipa,y.,maJie sport o/.Gov.Ul.j^; tri- 
J«W»J {pr»-) PL. CR. 46; bUAp^J, bej.ped 
ipPu.) Ch. C. t. a 1585 ; G^od wil noujt be 
bigiled . . . ne bijaped Langl. f xviii. 390. 

Uke, sb., btii neit, c. u. 76 ; GOL. & Gaw. 
406; a bike of <*aspes Haluw. 175; u 
bew dos in the bike Townl. 325. 

bt.kSms'n, v., fgrow faint ; UkSnwC {ppU.) 
Kath. 1393*. 

M-kennen, v., - O.H.G. bechennan \ indieaU, 
eonsign ; bikenne Man. (H.) 374; Ukcmiw 
iPres.) Langl. a ii. 33 ; i bikenne )ou to fcrist 
Wiu. 5434 ; ^t bikenneth ^t croii Hav. 
1368; Uksnd* {pret.) Gaw. 596; bekende 
D. Arth. 3340 ; his modir in keping to )« be 
bekende Halliw. 160. 

bl-kennen, v., far )»-knui«n ; f begtt ; 
UkoiuMd (p^le.) R£L. I. 334. 

bi-keorven, v., O^. beceorfan,- OJ'rit. bi- 
kerva; amputaU,]vi^6T, bLkoiTBn {ppU.'S 
A. R. 363; alie weren . . . hefdes bicorven 
Marh. 19. 

Uker, 8b.,j:d/.bicarium, £>JV.bikatT,-a/,(;. 
biker, OJi.G. becher ; btaJi^r, ' cymhum,' PR. 
P.3S- 

bUtar, sb., ^M Rob. 538; Ch. l. c. w. 
»6S9 ; [v. r. beker, bikre, bikkir] Man. (F.) 
9334 ; bikir 'Pugtia ' PR. P. 35 ; Aus. 1661. 

UkMui, v., tKed.Ertg. bicker ; figtti, 'pugiw,' 
PR. p. 36; bikere Man. (H.J 356; beker 
AHT. Arth. iv; Ukegra (pret.) Langl. 
i^xx, 78 ; b«k«rde (prei.) D. Arth. 3096. 
bOuirtat, ib., bieitring, Rob. 540 ; Alis.' 
(Sk.)390. 

Ul, sb., O.E. bil, biU,-(7.Z.a, M.H.G. bil, 
wuxLEng. bill (on) ; sword, axt, pUkaxe, p. s. 
151 ; w. & L 37 ; -bill Iw. 333J ; bille ' Uge, 
marra' PR. P. 36; biUea {pi.) Alis. 16241 
Am^. twl-bU. 
bU-ibtat, sb., conJUa ef swords, Laj. 1740, 

U-lAoahan, v., ealch ; bilAoote (pret.) Horn 
(H.) 681 ; bllmst (Ppie.) GEN. & ex. 773. 

bi-lwden, v., OM.Msdan, - O.H.C. pileiton ; 
feonduel, Ireai; and wel narewe ^ blUdo}> 
O. & M. 68 ; wei uvele biUd {pple.) misc. 45 ; 
lodlicbe was bilad C L. 1136; bilad (lead 
as/ray) Alkx.' (Sk.) 906. 

t)i-l»fBii, -Inren, v., O.E. bcl£lan, GotA. bi- 
laibjan; relinguisk, remain, La], 1055, 3354, 
19777 ; bileafen frag. ^ ; bileaven fe sunne 
A. R. 340; bilden Orh. 8380; ^i . . . shule 
wi^ Satanas bileven H. H. 333 (336) ; bileve 
Rob. 14 ; S. S. (Wr.) 48 ; Will. 2577 ; MiN. 
loj hi-,beleveCH. C.T.^s83; bileve, -leave 
a & N. 464, 1688 i blevin PR. p. 39 ; ^r he 
uel bleve aykmr 173 ; bUif {imptr.) Bkk. 



bi-Uo3«n. 



63 



Inltefde {pret.) La). 389, 1613 ; 
bi'lefde a. R. 373 ; bileile DsGR. 1885 ; bileaf- 
den Hou. I. 93 ; bileuid Min. iii. 66 ; bleficde 
OcTOV. (W.) 507 ; blefie avknb. i 3 ; belMbd 
{p^U.) FRAG. 6; bilefed Oru. 8914 ; bileved 
HOH. 1.81 { Alis. 5310; bileaved a.r.'i68. 
bl-UUnc, sb., rsmaimng; paJience, ptr-, 
leveraiKt; bileveing AR. jt M&R. 8611; 
blevinge AVENB. 7a. 

bl-lnT6tSb.,/»MM(tM/; blUren (^.) GKM. & 
XX. 3154. 

bi-lBwen, v., O.E. beUewan; belr<^; be- 
lewen HOM. I. 339; beleawan Mat. xzvi. 



16. 



bi-UneikT., clogwfik mud; Ulagged (i^.) 
* esflaioU' VQC 173; belaggid 'madidattu' 
PR. P. 39. 

bi-lailgeii,v.,-ij|f.i7«.belangben; belong; be- 
longeGow. II. 351 ; baloiis«)> (/^.r.) ayenb. 
13 ; wat beloi^eth hit to me Hlsc 39; be- 
longe> Langl. Cii. 43; bUongaodo [pple.) 

GOW, I. 131. 

bi-lappen, v., wnnf aicul ; bUapped {pple.) 

Oru. 14367; S.S. (Web.) 3310; Am.&Amiu 

1014 ; hit is bilepped & bibud A. R. 100. 
U-laatm, v., / 0£. behlaestan ; / ckarge ; 

bolut {pple.) Halliw. 161. 
bi-Ureil, v., wash all over: blUvad {ppie.) 

mid bktde wise. 14a 
bild, see bUd. bile, ut bOIs. 
bile, sb., O.E. bile ; Ml, beak, A. R. 84 ; HOH. 

11.49; °' & ''■79: ^^^ I. 310; p. s. 333; 

Trev. V. 391 ; bile, billc Langl. B xi 349 ; 

Cb. C.T. ^4051; bille Gow. II. 106; S. & 

(Wr.) 3196. 



bi-lfiafe, sb., for jeltab; belief, hou. I. loi ; 
bileave A. R. 3 ; Shor. 143 ; beleave, bcliavc 
uisc 37; bileave, beleave ayenb. 13, 14; 
bileve Bee. 30 ; bileve, bileeve Cu. C. t. A 
34^6; bcleve Mand. 131; «mi/. un-biltavo. 
bllfif-ful, adj., BOM. IL 19. 

bi-ldan, v., O.E. belian^ proMiiit, kinder by 
blamt : for to bUAHida ^t no man werpe fK 
gilt . . . anuppen god hom. II. 107. 

bi-I^men, v., O.E. bilecgan, O.H.G. pilenan; 
lay round, surround, besiege ; bilegge (^oMe) 
o. & N. 673 ; & ^s ^ wordes ire bUeggM 
(explain) HOU. I. 57 ; bllMfl;d« (pret.) La). 
14313 ; |)e baete was bO^ Vpple.) wi^ bteten 
gold Oru. 8167. 

bi-Ienge, adj., tfbr )«lango ; belonging, re- 
latedlo, Oru. 333a 

bi-ie<uen, v., O.E. beKogan,- O.H.G. belia- 
gan; oelie, calumniate; bilteLANGL.fv.414; 
biliveth x. 33 ; witnesses false and fele bt- 



lowea {pret. pi.) hine Shor. 84 ; bUowan 
{Mle.) LANGL. ilii. 
bitowen A. r. 68. 



E MkeleaseoAe 



64 



bi-ltorien. 



bi-Uovien, V.,— G^fr. bclieben; lovt, dtUgkt 

in : & }>ii wel blUoTada (t/m- bilovede) La> 

5204. 
bi-ldsnien, v. tf. ISm {/aUtkood); Aludr, }>ua 

^ deofd wule bilesnien ^ wrechie hou . 1. 33. 
tn-lSreiit v. ^r jaltren; Mieve', beleven 

HISC 56; bdeve AVBNB. ijii MAND. 53; 

belive Fer. 39S ; ich bllSn (firts.) on god 

HOU. 1.317; (we) bUlTaC La;. 13966 ; beleve 

vc MISC. 38 ; bileving THREE KINGS 2 ; M- 

ISfde (^rf.) La). 2856*; bilufde 13415; bi- 

lefden hom. 1. 19; leb. Jes. 397; belevil 

(expeaed) D. TroY 10919. 
beleavsbls, adj., credible, WiCL. PS.scii. 5. 
U-leTinge, sb., cf. td-Uvs ; nuans 0/ living, 

food; be het heom . . . heore ia and heore 

bilevinge grei^i ^t heo schulde misc. 84. 
Irile-wit, adj., 0£. bilewit ; iimpie, innocent : 

bilehwit HOW. I. 95 ; Marh. 33 ; btkwhil 

Orm. 66s4 ; bUowitte (pi.) hom. I. 333. 
bUA-hwiOieaM, sb., timpiicity, hom. I. 95. 
bUibre, sb., Lat. billbra ; weight of two 

pounds, WiCL. APOC vi. 6. 
bi-ligg«ii,v,,0.£'.bdicKan,^(?./f'C-IHliEgBn; 

lie fy, lie aiout, lie with, Laj. $06 ; |ie su 

werkes . . . ^ bilige to nibte rel. 1. 133 : 

bllAl ipret.) Rob. 19 ; bilaei [bilai] )ia burb 

Laj. 9433; ^t biUi (apptrlained) to bis 

kinedom cl. 386 ; bllein (ppie.) SPEC 46 ; 

betein Gow. 1. 338; his doughtir ^t wai 

bilainRlCH. 1 1 19. 
bi-l^,v.,0.£.bihlebhui,-blybhaD; laughai, 

p. L. S. xix. 33s ; bilJSj (pret!) P. L. s. xiii. 358 ; 

Shor. 103; bilowe ROB. 399 ; bibtute Horn 

(L.) 681. 
U-lihten, v., illumine : godes bribtnesse bi- 

lihte hem HOU. 11. 31. 
U-lSken, v., simulat*, feign ; bUik^ {ppk^ 

O. ft N. 843. 
bi-Umien, v., ditmember. La;. 39364; bilime 

Rob. 301 ; biUmoS iprei.) KATH. 3160 ; a. 
. r, 360; bUlmodra {prel.) Ar. & Mer. 5775 ; 

Ullmtfd {ppie.) Bek. 560. 
bi-liiDpen,v.,(?.£.bdimpan; i/Men, pertain 

to, Orm. 1 1085 ; UllmpaS O^M') hom. 1. 51 ; 

to Mercrne lawe bilimpeb viii scbiren misc. 

146; bilimpes rel. 1. 3i6; belunp ipret.) 

UOH. I. 319; bUmnpen {fipie.) ORU.3905, 
W-live, sb, O-C. bteJeofa, - OJf.G. pilibi ; 

livelihood, meant of living, Rob. 496 ; bilive, 

-leve hom. 11.37,99; bilif Langl. f xix. 330 

(Cxxii. 335) ; bileove a. r. 168. 
bi-liT6n,.v., O.E. bellfen, - O.H.G. pi-, be- 

liban, modG. bleiben ; remain ; bilive REL. I. 

374 ; balU; belsf, bdeaf (Prtt.) Sax. cur. 

aJ7, 359 ! Jho bilsf wi^ hire frend Orm. 3391 ; 

bilefGEN. & EX.671. 
bUla, sb., OJ'r. bulle, frcm IM. bulla; 

bill, note, Langl. j4 iv. 34 ; Ch. C. t. Ci T>; 

bUlM [' Ubellot '] Trev. V. 144. 
bill*, v., enter (in a Oil, etc.) ; tiiel, P. P. IL 



338; paTdoanmbookiabmad<j}^rr.)L.H.B. 

138. 
biUen, v., dill, peck with tkt ieak, 'rostr&,' 

PR. P. 36; blUeC (pres.) REL. L 3lo; blUld 

(ppie.) DEP. R. iii. 37. 

biUlng, ah., pecking, rei. I. 3l8 (UISC. I3). 
billet, sb., small note', bilet [v. r. biUe] 

^matrieuia' PR. p. 36. 
billet, ab., piece of wood', bilet 'teAUa' 

PR. P. 36, 
billin, \.,=M.H.G. biUen; hack with aiiU, 

' marro,' PR, P. 36, 
bi-Utken, v., took at, look aiout, Orh. 3917 ; 

beloken hom. II. 77; bilfikeS (pres.) a.r. 

133; biloken rel. I. 330; bdflked (ppie.) 

Ocrov. (W.) 1046. 
bi-long, Adj.,— OX.G. bilang; pertaining; 

^ reching wiu% on God bilong gen, & EX. 

3058. 
bi-loogbe, see under Ub. 
bi-luken, v., O.E. bi-, be\acan,-OX.G. U- 

luCan, O.H.G. pilQchan ; shut in, close around, 

REL. 1. [83 (misc. 139) ; bilouken SHOR. I3l; 

biloke Fer. 3137; bllukeS (pres.) h. m. 37; 

biluc^ FRAG. 1 ; biluken Orh. 13136 ; b«Uw> 

(pret.) HOU. 1. 33j ; bilek O. & N. 1081 ; U- 

I6ken(/^/:r.)A.R. 160; R.s.vii; RBL.I.184; 

bilokenn ORM.11186; biloke c 1^993; be- 

loke AyENB.97. 
bi-ltlrteiii v., deceive; bilirten rel. I. 317 

(misc. 13) ; GEN. & EX. 316; UlOrt (PpU.) 

A. R. 3B0* (v. r. bichard). 

bi-luTien, v. \m^n.,detight,piease; jef ham 
bUuTsR (p-es.) to beren nim hom. 1. 357; jif 
liit cow bilovcK La;. 989 ; ;if . . ;e alle biluvien 
gode mine Ure 931 ; jef me swa biluTMU 
(pret.) Jul. 34; alle bit biluveden La;. 1013 ; 
beloved (ppie.) Gow. 11. 373 ; Langl. ,9 lii. 
311 ; be was bet biloved P. h-S. xxiv. 33 ; so 
wel biloved [beloved] Ch. C. t. A 1439, 

bi-mnnen, v., O.E. bimxnaa,-O.I/.G. pi- 
meinen ; bemoan ; mean, signify : mid ^ine 
mu^ bimxnen \\vk ueode frag. 8 ; bimenen 
REL. 1. 1 74 (uisc. IIS); sunne bimenen (moatt) 
HOM. 1. 13; bimene Rob. 490; m. Arth. 856; 
irat mai Ibis bimene (mean) Hav. 13(9; bl- 
mSneV (pres.) GEN. & EX. 3336 ; wat [ns mon- 
taigne bimeneth [bemenc)>] LanGL. A\. i\ 
ytx fote we ne bimene^ )>e oojt Bex. 983 ; men 
. . . bimene^ goode metejiveres and in minde 
bave^ Langl. B xv. 143 ; bimfinte (pret.) 
Langl. fxviii. 18; bi bimende p. ^ S. xvii. 
436 ; gie is moche bemooaid (ppie.) of all(e) 
Halliw. 163. 

si-mUen, v., from O.E. mU (spot, mole) ; 
soil, sully, bimolen Langl. B xiv. 4. 

bi-mang, sh under mane. 

bi-nuumeDi v., - M.H.G. bemannen ; man, 

furnish with men : )iab an caste! beo wel 
bemoa(n)ed (ppie.) hom. 1. 33. 

U-mimn, v., ea^fiue ; btmieed (ppie.) A. t. 



bl-meldeii. 

370 ; and lefte us liinge , . . al bemased in a 

■oDiie Chest. II. 93. 
bi-melden, v.,—Ger. beroelden; demuince; 

Unulda {pres. subj.) ks. lit. 3. 
l)i-mSii,sb.,,^Mbim>nsiii eompiaitti,GES. 

& EX. 3894. 
bl-moderen* v^—MJHi. bemoderen; covtr 

with dirt ; bimodared {pple.) p. S. 158. 
bi-mows, v., maif a scornful grimact, APOU 

81 ; the lord schal bcmowe tbem WICL. PS. 

ii.4; Mmowidan (pret.pl^ Wicl.3FAIIal. 

XXX. IOl 

.,O.E.h\;\)tmaraaxt\btinoum 



bl-Tftden. 



65 



UmnnutF (trts.) hoh. I. 149; tl. 33; bt- 
mnmodsn (pret.j Hou. I. 15$; bimomedcn 
Wicu Lk. xxiii. 37 ; bemournet D. Troy 

binade, '^.,pinnacle, Rich. 415a 
U-nime, Bb., - M.H.G. biname ; byname, 
■ eognomtn ; bbUboM (//.) Ch. Bost. iti. 9 

binde, sb., O.E. biade,''0.//.G. binta; ariy- 
Ihing that tindtj bine, stem of climbing plant; 
riMon ; PR. P. 36 ; A. P. iiL 444 ; comp. 
wuda-blada. 

Uiid-b«lk(e), %h.,=Ger. bindebalkec ; tif 
beam, 'trapccula,' voc 303. 
bindan, v., 0£. bindan,>»OX.(7., Goth, bin- 
dan, O-Fris., OJV. binda, O.H.G. bintan, 
pintan; bind, Laj. i84S8; Hav. 1961 ; to 
bindene hoh. I. 37 ; binda|) {pret.) SPEC. 
104; bint A. R. 6; avenb. 33; Ch. ojupl, 
M.47; bind {imper.) ]\}\- 37; band {pret.) 
Iw. 1776; band, bond Ch. C. t. .,44083; 
bond Laj, 767; Hav. S37 i treat. 136; 
bond his wunden hoh. 1. 79 ; bond, bounde 
WiCL. Jer. xxxix. 7 ; Mat. xiv. 3 ; bounde 
N. p. 30 ; luve bonde hire GEN. & ex. 3693 ; 
bimden(^'.>/.) Laj. [0006; Orh. 15830; 
summe ftt weren ^t his Qan bnndan 
hoh. I. 131 ; bunden, bounden Hav. 3443, 
3So6; bounden Will. 1319; bonde RoB. 
lati; bundan {pple.) hom. II. 11; Hav. 
1428 ; Iw. 389 ; Man. (H.) 138 ; bunden, 
bonden PR. C 3308, 3310; bounden H. H. 
S3; Ch. C. t. £704; WiCL. John xi. 44; 
bouode Will. 3091 ; bonden Will. 3338 ; 
Perc 1830; comp. tot-, JO-, un-blndeo; 
deriv. binds, band, bend. 

Undora, sb., O.f'.biDdere; binder; bindarea 
ipl.) Hav. 3050; eomp. bAk-bindar. 

Uiiduns*, sb., binding, HOH. .1. 207 ; bind- 
inge 'ligatio' PR. P. |i5; Wicl. S. w. 111. 
481. 
bi-nMen, v. im^en.," Af.If.C, benccten ; 
need; to mine gode ne beniedeS >e ' Jftifmni 
meorum nan indiges' hoh. I. 217. 
bi-neOSeu, adv. & prep., O^. beneoVan. 
•ny^San, • OJ^ris. binetha, binitha ; beneath, 
a. R.'304; Jul. 56; bineo¥en, -nediSe (bi- 
neo^ beni)«J Laj. 1335, 14985 ; bineo>en, 



-ne^ C. L. 1 304 ; bin^n p. l. S. viii. 44 ; 
Oru. 10739; her bineVen Cen. & ex. 10 ; 
bene^ Mand. 158; binefien, -ne|ic WiCL. 
CEN. vi. 16; bine^ treat. 132; benej^ 
AVENB. 108 ; bini^ Fer. 3260. 
bing, sb., OJV. bingi ; keap, 'cumera,' PR. P. 
36 ; M. H. 97. 

^.nimen, -v-'O-E., bi-, beninun;^ 0.£.£7. 
biniman,C0M.biniinan,0.^<Cpi-,beneman; 
/o/boiiMT', A.R. I94;CHR.£. 293; binimen^ 
^ne rihle Laj. 3694 ; binimen, -nime p. l. S. 
viiL24; binime Bex. 1008; Wicl. scclus. 
xxviii. 19; bi-, bcninie c. l. 1054; avenb. 

?9, 59 ; binime, -neme Trev. L 73 ; blneme 
pres.) msc. 33 ; blnlm (imper.) s. s. (Wr.) 
Joi ; binaoma (tubj.) HOH. 1. 24 J ; blnam 
(pret.) Trev, IV. 143; binam, binom Laj. 
15989,36112; binomen Laj. 315; hisc. s6; 
blnomen (pile.) frag. 7; Orh. 7399 ; cen. 
& EX. 198 ; binume o. & N. 1336 ; binomen, 
-nome Langl. .ffiii. 313; benomen R. R> 
1509 ; binomen (benumbed) C H. 32839. 

binnfl, sb., 0.£. binn (manger), O.Fr. benne 
[gasket); bin, manger, (keit,'capsai\OC l8o; 
L. K. R. 145 ; Ch. C. T. a 593 ; fiam ^are 
binne [' a praesepio ') Lk. xiiu 1 5 ; in a bestis 
binneLUD. Cov. 159. 

binneiii adv. & prep., 0£. binnan, beiDnanj 
-M.L.G., M.Du. binnen; for bl-innan; 
within. Sax. chr. 349 ; Orh. 6393 ; gen. & 
KX. 1033; rel. I. 183; binnen heo iwcnden 
Laj. 5930 ; binnen lot jearen 33i ; binne Hav. 
584; SHOR.40; Man. (H.) 7457. 
bin-ward, adv., within, Laj. 30773. 

bi-n6ten, v., use ; ben6taj> (prei.) ayenb. 90. 

U-pa^, sb., bypath, hed. 486 ; bipath LiDC. 
u. p. 1 14. 

bi-pfiohen, v., O.E. bepiecan; deceive. La J. 
530I ; RSI. I. tSo ; bipeche MISC 72 ; p. L. S. 
V (a). 10; blpfihta (pret.) hom. I. 91, II. 
191; blpa^ (pple.) P. L. s. V (b). 32; bc- 
paht Sax. chr. 360; we beo% . . . bipahtc 
R. s. V (misc. 176). 
blpeobtns, sb., deception, hoh. II. 213. 

bi-pennen, v., pen up, shut in ; blpennad 
(ppte.) A. R. 94. 

bi-pilien, v^peel; blpUad (ppu.) a. r. 148. 
blptlunge, &h., peeling, A. R. 148. 

bi-prfionen, v., O.E. beprenan ; pin up ; bl- 
prSona)) (pres.) Misa loi. 

bi-qvasohin, v., be shivered in pieces ; bl- 
qvaabed (pret.) Langl. Jxviii. 246. 

biqTeato, see blowaata. biqvide, see 
bloirlda. 

bir, see bur. 

bi-raden [blreadm}, v., O.E. ber£den,- 
M.H.G, beraten ; advise, deliberate, LA> 
31073; bii]ede U. T. 98 ; hvo^twille wisliche 
him berede ayenb. 172 ; blrMa (fres. suU.) 
HISC. 78; biT&dda (pret.) Shor. 124; U- 



66 



birohe. 



bi-soMne. 



radde, bireadde Kath. 1237 ; biradden 
CHR. £. 40 ; bir&d (pple.) spec 41 (a. d. 

185). 
birohey sb., 0,E, beorc, hyrc,^ Af,Du, berk, 
OM,G. bircha, pircha, OJV, bidrk /, ; dt'rcA, 
PR. P. 36; birche, berche Ch. C. t. A 3921 ; 
burche voc. 181 ; birke Flor. 1518 ; Perc. 
773 ; birches (//.) Alis. 5242. 

birde^ see biirtSe a/r^/burde. 

bi-reavieiiy v., 0.E, berSafian, Go/A, birau- 
bon, " O. //, G. pi-, beroubdn, mod.Eng, 
bereave; deprive^ rod; birsevien [bireave] 
La^- 303 1 1 ; bireaven H. M. 29; bireven Jos. 
350; bireve Langl. ^vi. 248; bir^aveS 
(pres.) A. R. 120 ; bir^vede (pre/.) c L. 1349 ; 
ojn'e bersefedest [birefedestj rihtes istreones 
frag. 7, 8 ; bireveden hom. 1. 79 ; berdaved, 
bersefed (Pp^e.) frag. 5, 6; biraefed Orm. 
2832 ; |)us wes bas kineriche of heora kinge 
biraeved LA3. 2897 ; bireved O. & N. 120 ; 

Horn (L.) 622 ; spec. 101. 

bi-rediexiy v., f make ready ^ prepare^ LA3. 4198. 

bi-reineiiy v., = M.H,G» beregenen ; rain 
upon^ wet ; birine Horn (R.) i i ; bireined 
(pple) A. R. 344; WiCL. £z. xxii. 24; bereinid 
^compiutus* PR. P. 32. 

bi-remeiiy v., cry out at, hom. IL 29. 

bi-rennen, w., = M*H.G, berennen; frun 
around \ biamde (pret.) Laj. 26775. 

bi-reoweiiy -rdweiiy v., - M.//,G, beriuwen ; 
repent, commiserate, Orm. 4506, 7784; bi- 
r(e)ue treat. 139; bird we (pres. subj.) 
Langl. £x\\, 250. 

bireounasse, sb., — MJI.G. beriuwenisse ; 
commiseration (f printed bireaunesse), A. R. 
66. 

bi-reowseiiy v., O.E. behreowsian,=Af./^.^. 
beriuwesen ; repent, Jul. 44; Orm. 8800; 
birewsien, bireusien hom. I. 21, 23 ; bireusie 
Misc 78 ; bireusi (printed birensi) Shor. 43. 

birdouBunge, sb., O.E. behreowsung ; re- 
pentance, frag. 8 ; A. R. 372 ; bireowsinge 

H* M. 21. 

birrideiiy v., O.E. beridan ; ride around, La}. 

10739- 
birie, sb., ? =M.Du. berie ; bier, ayenb. 258. 

biri^en, see burijen. 

bl-rinnen, v., O.E. birinnan,=C7^M.birinnan, 
O.H.G. pirinnan ; flow over; run round; 
surroitnd\ bieom (pret,) LA3. 26064 ; biumen 
26066 ; wib tieres d birunne (pple,) Horn 
(L.) 654 ; Dironne L. H. R. 137 ; bat lond is 
biuman [biume] mid )>2ere sae La^. 1233 ; 
wit eild . . . bcFunnun c. M. 8351. 

bi-ripan, v. ^ pluck the fruit of; birii>e (/////.) 
PS. Ixxix. 13. 

bi-ri£en, v., ffor ^erisen ; beflt, become : wis- 
dom biriseC (Pres.) weran & clenesse birisa^ 
wifan HOM. I, III ; J>e birise^ (sec, text bi- 
come)>) to aelche kinge LA3. 9821. 



birke, see birohe. 

birkin, adj., OM. birkinn,=il/./?«r. berkcn, 

O.H.G. pirchin ; made of birch, GOL. & Gaw. 

31. 
birle» sb., O.E. byrle, byrele, cf OJV. byrli : 

cuP'bearer, *pincema,* FRAG. 2 ; birle [boric] 

LA3. 24164; birlee (pi.) Orm. 14023; 

birlen (dot. pi.) La^. 19942. 

birleiiy v., O.E. byrlian,=OJV^ byrla; cut cu 
cup-bearer, pour out, A.R. 114; Orm. 15418 ; 
bnllin PR. P. 51 ; birlide (pret.) WiCL. Jer. 
XXV. 17; birled M. H. 120; sche birlid ^hit 
win Tor. 292 ; birled (pple.) Orm. 15225. 
birler, sb.,=OJV. byrlari ; one who pours 
out drink, * exelerarius,^ VOC. 212; brillare 
PR. P. 51. 

bi-robbeiiy v., rob ; berobbe)) (pres.) ayenb. 

39. 
bi-roUeiiy v., roll over : al biroUed (ppie.) 
wi)> \t rain A. P. ii. 959. 

bi-rdwen, v., 0,E. berdwan ; row about ; 
birouwen [birowe] La^. 21028. 

birst, see brust bir)>ey see burSe. 

birSel, see biirSel. 

bis, adj., dark grey, neutral blue: he lis 
toumbed in a marble bis Man. (H.) 230 ; bis 
and asure LiDG. BOCH. (in N. £. D.). 

bi-ssB^n, v., let down, lower ; biaeiS (pres.) 
HOM. II. 215 ; biseid (pple.) in )>e gnine 
HOM. II. 211 ; bisaid 213. 

bi-sdlen, v., assail ; beadle (pres. pL) p. R. 
L. P. 103. 

bi-Bamplen, v., ffor examplen (sample) ; 
moralize about; bi-«aumple8 (pres.) A. R. 
88 ; bisaumpled (pret.) 316. 

bi-sawey sh.,proverb, A. R. 88 ; bisawe Trev. 
III. 309. 

bi-sawen, v., ^M.H.G. besiejen; sow; bi- 
saweS (pres.) hom. 1. 107. 

bi-80eadin, v., O.E. besceadian ; overshadow ; 
beeh&deth (pres.) Gow. III. in; beshdded 
(pple.) Gow. II. 109. 

bi-80hadwe, y.,=^AfJ)u. bescbaduwen, AfJI. 
G. beschatewen ; shadow around, LEG. 83 ; bi* 
8ohadewe]> (pres.) s. s. (Web.) 586. 

bi-80heden» v.,—fM.H.G. beschuten; be- 
sprinkle : he bisohedde (pple.) it wi)> watir 
WiCL. 4 KINGS viii. 15. 

bi-sohenden, v., ruin; bischent (Pple.) 

C, M. 14838. 

bi-BOh^reny v., O.E. bisceran ; shear ; bi- 
8ohom» biscorn (pple.) c M. 12231. 

bi-8Childen, v., ffor ^eschilden ; f protect : 
l^ine feond (fr. freond) |>u biBoildest (Pres.) 
HOM. I. 7. 

bi-schine, v., O.E. besclnan, « O.H.G. bi- 
scinan, Goth, biskeinan ; shine on, HORN (H.) 
12; beshine Ber. 1113; bishine)) (pres.) 
Orm. 1885 1 ; half |>e eor))e )>e sonne bi- 
schine)> JARB.XIII. 167; beshine)> Gow. III. 



bi-BOhlten. 

343 ; biaobfin {pret.) Trev. 1. 393 ; betoUne 
ippU.) Trev. I. 325. 

bi-80hit»n, v., O.E. beseatan,-Af.//:c. be- 
schlien ; dtfile vntk excrtmtnl; Whiten 
(PpU.) Aus. 5483 ; bcsshit Townl. 235. 
bieobop, )b., O.E. biscop, biiceo^, biscep, 
from Lot. episcopus ; Uskop, R. s. vi ; biscop 
MISC. 43 ; biapM (pi.) uisc.39 ; blaoliopen 
(^a/.//.)0.&H.i76i ; com^. Rrab»-blaaliop. 

bUahop-libl,sb.,ajE'.bisceaphad; office of 
bishop; biscbophood Wici- prol. i Tin. ; 
bischophade C u. 31148. 

blMhop-riobe.sb., O.f.biscopnce; bishop- 
ric, Bek. 1008 1 biscopriche frag. 2. 

blaoop-atSl, tb., 0£, bisceopstol ; episcopal 
see, uisc 145 ; biaoopatSls (aat.) LAj. 18218. 

bl«oop-wurt,sb.,0.f.bisceopwyr1i biihop'f 
wort, loood btteny, frag. 3. 
bisohoifeiii v., 0£. biscopian ; confirm {as a 
biifiap) ; blMohopat (prei.) Suok. 5 ; bua- 
■boppsde (pre/.) langl. CxviiLifA; bis- 
bede, ibisboie Mirc 158. 

biao«opiuise, sb., bishoping, confirmation, 

HON. 1. lOI. 

hi-wibx&wwx,'<i.,beshrew,cortvpl; bisohreire 
{prei.) Ch. C. t. D 845 ; beshrewij. ['dtpra- 
vat'] WiCL. PROV. X. 9; blMhr§wed {prei.) 
Lancl. S iv. 168 ; bUohrSwad (AWif.) Trev. 
I. 113 ; beshrewed Gow. I. 76 ; ^is world is 
al beshrewed P. 45. 

bi-sohriohen, v., screech about : and ^ bl- 
TCbricbe)) [biscricbc)>J (pres.) and bigrede)^ 
O. & N. 67. 

bi-aohiitton, v., shut up ; biahatta (pret.) 
Aus. 5709; biscbjtten, bisheccea Langu 
Ail. i8gibiaohet(^/«.)Wii.i.30i4; bishet 
OCTOV. (W.) 1380; beshet R. R.4488 ; besset 
AYENB. 94. 

bi-aoom, sb., scorn, Trev. I. 179. 

bi-aoomen, v., cover inith scorn ; blaoorad 
iprei.) c. H. 1661 1 ; bescomed If, r. biscorned] 
CH. C. r./278. 

bi-BOTmien, v., shun, p. L. s. viii. 77 ; bi>chuii« 
(imper.) REL. I. 183. 

biae, see biaaa. 

Wae, sb., O.Fr. bise {f^om O.H.G. bisa) 
north wind: bigan a wind to rise out of pe 
north mao calletb bise Hav. 724. 

bi-sfiohen, v., O.E. besecan,= O.Fris. biseka. 
O.H.G. besuochen, mod. En^. beseecb ; seek^ 
visit; beseech : nu Ich mot bisechen [biseche] 
bat )>ing trat ich atr forhowede La;. 3494 ; ^i 
neo walden bisechen |>ene king & bidden hint- 
mildce 12373; ^u scholdest bisecben mc 
cosses A. R. loa ; biseken gen. & ex. 2492 : 
Hav. 2994; blafioha [pres.) Kath. 3375; 
Langl. .<4 i. 58 ; Alis. 4631 ; beseche Mand. 
316; beseke LUD. Cov. 129 ; bisek^, biseh|) 
o. & N. i439i beiek^ ayenb. 117; biafic 
(imper.) hom. I. 17; biseke wc su godes 



bi-s6on. 



67 



migt GEN. & EX. 4155; biseche% {procure) 
eow wepoen Lai. 12513; blaOhte (pret.) 
Kath. 239; ; ^ bisobte he nutescalen La}. 
29265 ; bisoghte Ferc 2144; bisouhten 

A. R. 330 ; blaOht (p^le.) R. S. v ; SPEC 73 ; 

bisouht A. R. 234 ; bisojt Fl. & Bi. 127. 

blaAobare, sb., one who beseeches ; bi- 
Bfioheria (pi.) WlCi_ ZEPK. iii. 10. 

blaSohlnKa, sb., beseeching, Wici~ 3 FARAl. 
vi. 19; beiechinge ayenb. 98. 

1-lik, adj., propitious, PS. cxmiv. 



bi-s€gen, v., for tMgtm; besiege; bisegi 

ROR 399; bitege Trev. \. 91; blafiged 

(P^et.) Will. 3843 ; bUBged (pple.) Man. 

(F.) 5108. 
bi-Boggen, v., O.E. besecgon, ' Od^G. bi- 

seggean, O.H.G. pisagen ; sigmfy; blMlS 

(pres.) HOM. IL 173. 
M-«fime, v., for jeaemen ; beseem, seem, befit, 

Gow. 1. 110; A. P. i. 310; bla«meS {pres.) 

lUL. 55 ; ^t ivelc hem biseme^ PU CR. 58 ; 

bisemei Gaw. 1612; as )iei besemen Will. 

3529; bisemen ' conveniunt' WiCL. ROM. i. 

28 ; blaAmada (Pret.) A. R. 148 ; )>ine wordes 

beo|i ... 50 biaSmad (pple.) o. & N. 843 ; 

besemid Triam. 730. 
bUsenolien, v., O.E. bisencan, - O.L.G. bi- 

senkian; submerge, a. 11.400; biscnken ORM. 

19690; hiblaenahefl{^j,)u5 0ithetleH0U. 

L 107 ; blaenota {pret.) HOU. L 87 ; biseinte 

[bisencte] A. R. 334 ; ure ifan . . . beo% bl« 

■enote (pple.) in to helle koh. 1. 87. 
bi-senden, y.,=M.L.G., M.H.G. besendea ; 

send to : crl Jon , . . blaande (pret.) him at 

so & bisouite (h)is grace Rob. 491. 
td-aene, adj., O.E. blsSne, early mod.Eng. 

bisson ; blind; bisen c. M. 16595 ; bisne gen. 

& EX. 472 ; ^u art blind o^r bisne o. & n. 

^43- 
bi-BengeniV.iaf.besengan; sinp; bezenge 

AVKNB. 23a 
biBamnge, pple. cf. OJf. b/sna ; ill-boding, 

monstrous, BARS. LEG. IL 139. 
bi-B6on, v., O^. beseon," OXC bisehan, 

O.H.G. pisehan, Goth, bisaihvan ; see,providt, 

A. R. 344 ; biseon to me HOH. I. 197 ; bisen 

GEN. & EX. 1313, 3141 ; s. s. (Web.) 507; 

biseo Bek. 105; to biaftonna Marh. 15; 

bonne bealbt> {pres.) ^ soule sorliche to )>en 

lich(amc) FRAG. 5 ; bialb (imper.) H. M. 33 ; 

bisih, bisi] [biseh] )« La). 16048, 34157 ; 

be bet he bine biseo [beseol O. & N. 1172 ; 
' " (pret.) Laj. 4907; biseh JUL. "" ■ 



bisai Rob. 193 ; Ja eorles . . . bisejen heom 
bihinde LA3. 26506; blafihe (suij.) misc. 
193 ; blaa;e (fipie.) P. L. s. xii. 103 ; besein 



G'ow. I. 341 ; biscie Hoccl. i. 143 ; elde . 
hi} me biseie Langl. ^xx. 201 ; so ricbeli 
biseie Ch. C. T. E. 984. 
biasing, sb., circumspection ; beEiinge 
AYENB. 184. 



6% 

bisSken, JW bMohwi. 

bi-wofweu, v., 0^. besiimn ; sev ; bisows 
WiLUl688i bwewsd (fifile.) Will. 3117; 
Cow. III. 313. 

bi-sarre, v, ifrve diligently ; bejerve c m. 
33053. 

bi'Betten, v., O.E. besettBD, - O.H.G. pi- 
senan, Goth, bisatjan, madMitg. beset ; place, 
arrange, tet ; surround, kel. I. 313; bisette 
Langl. ^ v. 364 ; Cb. C. T. a m ; beselte 
te tour Fer. 3228 ; (h)is catel to bisette leb. 
lES. 116; wel beiette ^uie time aVenB. 314 ; 
M blast bis i)>onc on bis ehte hoh. I. lot ; 
Dlaotto (/rv/.; GEN. & ex. 3687 ; W1LL.1314; 
uid bisette }a scbip al aboute BKD. 3 1 ; Ma«t 
Ipple.) A. R. 58 ; Kath. 1578 ; it was qwhar 
biset wibdeorewur^ stanes Orh. 8169; ]iou 
hast wel beset mi god OCTAV. (H.) 956. 

bid, eee bfkoi. 

U-flibbe, sb., / relative, Shor. 70 ; ' a^m!( ' 
voc. (W. W.) 563. 

tAiSeiMDfV^sigk,sig/i_fi'r;hMtibtX(prit.) 

HOM. II. 301. 

bl-tfde, -dden, •tides, tee ti4s. 

bi-aiht, »b.,~AfM.C. besibt, /y provision; 
besibt c. L.311; besi}te FROCX. 6. 

bi-ainken, v., 0^. besincan, •- O.L.G. bi- 
sincan, MJi.G. bcsinlien; sink: bisinkoC 
(submerges) HOU. 11. 177 ; bwa se liV i leiven 
deope bUiuikeii h. h. 33. 

bi-«ltteit, v., D.£.besittaii,'-0.iC^.(7.bisittJui, 
0./r.6^. piiiuan ; sit upon, beset, oppress; hit 
Bchal bisitten [bisitte] oure lonles sore Langl. 
A ii. t la 

bi-Blaberen, y.,—L.G. beslabem; beslaver; 
blslftbend \pple.) Langl. B\. 393. 

bi-Bloberen, v., bedabble; beolobarod {ppie.) 
Langl. f xiii. 401. 

bi-Blotnered, pple., covered with mud: his 
hosen al beslomertd in fen PL. CR. 427- 

biBmer (Pblsmer), sb., O.E. bi-, bysmer, 
bismor.-OX.C bismer, -smar, O.H.G. pi-, 
bismer, n.; mockery, contumely, insult, HOM. 
I. 107 ; bismar Rob. 13 ; ^ It bismar haveC 
idon Laj. 4403; blsmara {dot.) Kath. J51 ; 
Langl. (Wr.) 3651 [bismer B v, 89] ; h. s. 
7400; bi-, busmere Trev. I. 179; Uuhwen 
him ro bismare A. R. 270 ; bismare, bisemare 
Ch. C. t. a 3965 I bisemare AUS. 648. 
blsDMiv ■ ap Atdia, sb., cf. O.E. byamorspr£c ; 
blasphemy. Mat. xxvi. 65. 

blBmerlen (Pbiamerlen), v., O.f. b|smerian, 
bismrian,'°0.//'.C7.pismer5n,bismaron; mock, 
insult; bUemere)) (fires.) and scorneb )ie 

Eode men ayenb. 33 ; blKneredeD (fret.) 
:. xxiii. 36. 
bistnerweo, v., O.E. besmyrian, « jl/./^.C. 
besmiren; besmear; biamooruwed (pple.) 
A. H. 314. 
bi-BUdten, v., O.E. besmltan, - O.H.G. pi- 



imlsaD ; contaminate, soil ; besmiten HE. vii. 

IS ; ne biandt {printed bi sunt) (iw^er.) )n 

^ mid dnmkenewe HOU. I. 13. 
bi-Knitten, y.,^MJ)u. besmetten, OJt.G, 

bismineii ; contaminate, pollute ; Mandttod 

(pret.) ' coHlaminaverunt' PS. liv. 31 ; U- 

amitted (pfile.) a. r. 314; besmetted, -smet 

AYRNB. 32, 239. 
U-smdken, v., cover with smoke; 

(pple.) CH. BOET. i. I (5). 
bi-smoteren, v., stain, defiU; 1 

(pple.) Ch. C. t. a 76. 
U-Bmndden, v., besmut, soil; blamtiddat 

(j*^A.)A.R. 2I4'. 

bl-smodelen, v., make muddy, soil, defile ; 
UamutMod (pple) a. r, 314*. 

lidBiiB, sb., O.E. bysen, bisen, - O.H. bysn, 
O.L.G. (an)busn, Goth. (ana)bQsn8 // exam- 
ple, Oru. 8987 ; Halliw. 179 ; setle ns Insne 
HOU. I. 5 ; ure laverd . . . teacheV us ^urh a 
bisne 245 ; biaua (dat^ H. M. 45 ; >a he to 
bisne nom La;. 30 ; comp. for-bisna. 

bisne, su l»bana. 

Idsnien, v., O.E. bysnian, - OJV. bysna ; give 
an example ; biaanaa ( pres.) M. H. 1 24. 
UBBunge, sb., 0J£. bysnung; example, 
HOH. I. 93 ; bisening u H. R. 1 18. 

bi-BDiwen, v., O.E. besnlwon, ■■ M.H.G. 
b«sn[en; cover with snow; blanlwe (j^e.) 
Langl. Cvii. 366; bisnewed Langl. Bxv. 
110; besnewed AYENB.81; Gow. I. tit. 

bi-Bdone, sb., petition, request, A. R. 376; 
(spell bisocknc) Laj. 30319* ; bisokne s. A. L. 
155 ; bom bisokne of |w king delaied it was 
Jute Rob. 495 ; biafionen (dot. pi.) HOH. I. 
361. 

bi-Boilen, v., fof(»7; biaullad (Pple.) Shor. 
108 ; bisoiled misc. 235. 

[bi-sorje-Uoh, adj.,= G'^. besorgllch (solici- 
tous) ; comp. im-blaor;aIioh.] 

bisp, see biaohop. 

bi-aparrec, v., O.E. bespaman, -= O.H.G. 
pispairan, -sperran; shut ufi, enclose; M- 
■perrad, bisperede (pret.) Langl. Bx*. 
139; blaparrede [f ms.^ixs^xmA, printed \n- 
5paire«) (ppie.pl.) a. r. 94*. 

bi-spSken, v., cf. O.E. besprecan,<-a//'.C 
pi-sprechan, O.L.G. besprekan; talk of, taJk 
with : Jii soster bispeket> fi def p. L. S. xiii. 
144 ; blapao [bispekj [prel.) L. H. R. 33 ; age 
ne bispac him nevere ckn. Be ex. 1444; 
bispek Rob. 534; beo bispeken heom bitweo- 
nen ^t heo walden ibujen to )>ere apostlan 
fer(r)eden HOM. I. 91 ; bispokcn Ar. & Mer. 
1340; blaptke (^e.) 0. &. n. 1738; Rob. 
^5 ; je habbe^ a mong ju . . . bispeke ^t 
ilome Bek. 919. 

bl-apel, sb^ OM. bigspell, = M.H.G. bispel ; 
parable, example, hoh. 1. 333 ; o. & N. 137 ; 
biap«Uen (dat. pl.).l\Kt. xiii. 3. 



bi-ipsten. 

bi-sp4t«ii, y-itpil ufioH ; biipeteWicL. Mk. x. 
34; bligpWaC (/r«.) a. r. — 



bi-t&oneD, 



69 



ipret.) WiCL. MK. XV. 19; UspM, bispai 
ipfiit.) Wicu Le. xviii. 31 ; bispat misc. 
140. 

bi-spitten, v., sfiil uSoh ; bispitte Wicl. Mk. 
xiv. 65 ; Uaplt (^It.) P. R. L. P. 340. 

bi-spottm, v., ietfioi, Ch. Boer. iii. 4 (73). 

bi-spneden, v., •= M.H.G. beipreiten ; bt- 
3pread\ biaprAdda {fret.) Laj. 16521; 
bMfprfd ifiplt.) K. T. 763. 

bi-Bprengon, v., O.E. besprengwi,— jl/./ZlCJ. 
besprengeii; bti^nkU, HOH. I. 137; M- 
■pnDc (ir'M^.) HOK. 1. 73 ; bUprang" i.^*^]^ 
Rob. 138; blaprenpts (tret.) Bev. 350; 
bisprfeinde Wicu Hebr. ix. 19; blopralnt 
ippie^ ST. R. 50a; bespreint -wCf bloode 
LiDC. K. P. 91. 



bi-ep&Ben, v., for spflMn { espouse ; blapllMd 
(^pie.) Hou. II. 159; bispusede 11. 13. 

bisoe, sb., O.Fr, byise, /roM Cr. ffivrot 
a sari of fine stuff, Gow. Ill, 34; bis SPEC 
26 ; bii» Guv {L.)-i'^i% j WiCL. Lk. xvL 19. 

bi-Btanden. v., O.E. bestandan, » Gotk. bi- 
■tandaii, O.//!^. pistantan ; staiui aiout, stand 
arouMtt; biitonden HOU. II. 173; blstent 
i fires.) O. & H. 1438; wenne hundes hinc 
bistonde% La}. 169S ; blatdd (pret.\ r. s. v 
(misc. 180) ; GEN. & EX. 3857 ; whan hem 
bistodc nede Will. 175 ; stormes hem bistode 
TtusT, 367; bistondan {fifile.) Laj. 30333 ; 
A. R. 364; Jul. 31 ; & is mid storme bsie 
bistondea hom. II. 43. 

bi-st6ren, v., stare at : )« keiser btaUrede 
(fire/.) hire Kath. 309. 

bl-Btdden, v.,=MJ?u. besteden, O.I/.G. pi- 
staten; afipoint^place \ beatod {pptt.) Triam. 
1461 ; bistad Ch. C. t. B 649 ; whar was ))e 
cbild . . . bistad Greg. 455 ; bestad Hoccl. 
i. 139; LUD. Gov. 339; wofulli bestad Gow. 
I. 198 ; bista¥ed A. R. 264 ; Marh. 3. 

\a.-%Uikai:i,'=M.Du. besteken ; shut, a. R. 
blstokan (ppU) Hou. I. 347. 

bi-Bt^len, v., 0£. bi-, besielan ; steal, steal 
ato^, steal on : be wenden wel to bistelene 
iato^areburh}eLA}.9756; andblaUU (/r^/.) 
from ]ian fihle 38423 ; elde me is blatfilen 
(^le.) on P. L. S. viii. 9; hom. I. 161 ; & is 
bisiole a wai Fer. 3876. 

bi'Bt^, lb., by-path : blatljaa {pi.) Shor. ps. 
xxii. 3 {in WiCL. pref, 4), 

bi-Bt6wen, v., beslotu, plate; bistowe Shor. 
95 ; Langl. Jvii. 75 ; Ch. C. T. A 3981. 

bi-steppen, v., ffor jeatappen ; fst^ ; beo 
beo Uatopped (0le.) ^ ute a. r. 174. 

bi-«trdwen, v., O.E. bestreowian, - M.H.G. 
bestrcuwen, -striuwen ; bestrew ; blatri- 
wadMi [pret.) Hickes 1. 167 (hoh. I. 5). 

bi-stridan, v., OM. bcstildaD, ? - MX.G^ 



bestrtden; bestride, La). 28020; bistride 

Hav. 3060; Alis. 706; biatiida]> {pres.) 

Langl. 5xviL 78 ; blatrSd {pret.) leb. Jes. 

803 ; \t stede he bistrood Gau. 189 ; bestrod 

Tor, 504. 
bi-stztipen, v., O.E. beatiypan, -= M.H.G. 

bestroufen ; boati4p)> {fires.) ^ leve tennea 

vram ^ berte ayemb. 123. 
bi-Bttinten, v., check, rtih in ; Uatlnt {prtt^ 

Alis. 1183. 
bi-atfirien, v., Oif.bestyrian; bestir; bistcre 

Aus.5837; bestereOow. 111. 295; baatlr«]> 

{imper.) jou Ar. & Mer. 6035. 
bl*«tfiTl)ig, sb., rrnoAoJi ; besteriinge avexb. 

363. 
bi-sfUien, v., O.E. hcsyW^n,^ M.H.G. besiiln ; 

soil, defile ; bUfiUeS {pres.) hou. II. 37. 
bi-onlpen, v., t pollute ; bUuIpei (fires.) a. p. 

ii. 575^ 
bi'BWKten, w.,-=M.H.G. besweiien; cover 

with sweat; blswAt {ppU.) Laj. 9315. 
bi-swfipen, v., O.E. beswlpan ; tnvelope,en' 

tamgle : bi s(c)a]idlicc senne beaw&pan (f^le.) 

HOM. I. 239. 
bi-Hwenken, v., t-- M.H.G. beswenken {dolo 

capere); toil, labour ; blawankea (pres.) 

D. ARTU. 1128. 

bi'Swikdi;, v., O.E. bi-, beswican,=OZ.C 
beswican, OJl.G. piswTchanj deceive, Laj. 
754 ; Alis. 4609 ; biswiken a. R. 214 ; Orm. 
1 1678; besviken Sax. Chr. 264; biswikc 

0. & N. 158; Horn (L.) 667 (R. 669); 
beswike RiCK. 5918 ; biawlkaC {fires.) HOU. 

1. 25; p. L. s. viii. 7; blawSo (firet^ Laj. 
2126; biswak Orm. 12478; besvak C. M. 
3734; biswoc HOM. 1. 2i3;biswok Man. (F.) 
1 1 398; biawULan {ppie.) frag. 8; a. R, 
54; Orm. 116^; GEN. & EX.3561 ; biswikcn 
SPEC. 45 ; bisviken c. u. 8632 ; biswike Hav. 
1249; bisvtk« Rob. 373; blswiked *de- 
cepius ' P. s. Ixxvi. 3. 

besvikere, sb., deceiver, ayenb. 171. 
besviklBsre, sb., deceit, ayenb. 38. 
bi-Bwingen, v., O.E. beswingan; flog; W- 

Bw(u)iigen {pple-) spec. Si. 
bi-swinken, v., O.E. bes«^ncan ; procure by 

labour: )>at mowen herbred biswiiute LaNGL. 

.^vi. 216; blawlnke)> {fires.) pl. cr. 722; 

blawonlc {pret.) l. h, r. 37 ; biswunken 

LEB. Jes. 361; biswonke Lancl. i/xx. 390; 

baawonke (pple.) Haluw. 169. 
biawino-fUl. adj., toilsoine; biswincfule a. 

R. 188. 
bit, sbn l^.L.G. bit, bet, - M.H.G. bii «.; 

(btidlt-)bit, bitt ' (frenum) lupatum ' PR. p. 

37 ; bltta {dot.) Ch. l. g. w. 1208. 
bi-t&onen, v., - CFris. bitekna, O.H.G. bc- 

leichenen ; betoken, signify, Orm. 919 ; bi- 

toketie Trev. V. 9 ; bitftonaC (pres.) hom. 1. 

79; bitocneS A. R. 170; betocnefi AVENB. 15; 

what bitacnteV [bitocneji] f« drakcn Laj. 



70 



bi-tAchen. 



16008; bltSonede {prtt.) HOU. I. 89; 
bitoknede RoB. 3S8; )at he has lord and 
king of kinges wel bitoknede ^ sterre SHoR. 
133; bltaoned [ppie.) h. u. 5; biiocned 

A. R. 374. 

bitAananse, Utftonlnge. sh., = OM.G. pi- 
zeihinunga; signification, HOM. 1. 47, 51; 
bitocnunge A. R. 370; bitokninge DeK. 102. 
bi-tceoben, v., O.E. betiecan ; assign, commit, 
dttivtr, Orh. 6136 ; bitsechen, bitechea La). 
5^14, 11502; bitecban AnGI- VII. 2201 
bitecben a, r. 300; Hav. 303; biteachen 
Marh. 5; biteche Will. 5184; biteche 
(pra.) Al. (T.) 178 ; Crist i be bitccbe Horn 
(R.) 577 ; bltfto. -tSo {imPer.) Laj. 16847, 
i89Il;bltUita(/ra/.)HOM. 1. 11; KaTH.6d8; 
(ms. bilAbhte) Orm. 147^4 ; bitRbte, bita:htc 

LA]. 247, 37346; bitagte GEN. Sl ex. ai2; 

bitaubte Hav. 3312; betau3t(e) S. s, (\Vr.) 
334 ; betaugbte R. R. 4438 ; fe ring Jiat 1 him 
bitaughte Perc 3i$6; betohte hoh. I. 231 ; 
biteijte BeK. 1837 ; bltitat {ppu:) SPEC. 42 ; 
bitau^t Will. 5*89 ; biteibt a. B. 166. 

bi-t&ken, v., commit, deliver, Lai. 6251; 
Hav. I3i6; bitake S. S.(Wr.) 30; ))ei schulen 
bitake ['//-oifen/'] WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 9; falt&ke 
ipres.) Rob. 475 ; mi soule bitake [betake] 
i 10 Sathanas CH. C. T. ^3750; hi betake^ 
AYENB. 36 ; bitak {imper.) Horn (R.) 785 ; 
biWk Cp'-tl) Laj. 33464* ; Will. 66 ; s. s. 
(Wr.) 413 ; Ch. C. T. G 541 ; he bitoc it in 
warde Rob. 183 ; betoke Tor. 3250 ; b«toke 
{tub}.) avenb. 89. 

U-t&le, fiy>.,paT^le, LEB. JES. 343. 

bi-t8lt«n, v., shakt; bitalt (pple.) a. r. i, 
1160. 

tii-tAYt)\tta,v.,overcomeiHgaming\ ananlcpi 
roeiden, wiS hire anes muS, havett swa bileve- 
let (v. r. bitaulet ow) . . . alle Kath. 1288. 

bite, sb., O.E. bita, - O.N. bit:, OJf.G. biito ; 
JromYAtea; bit,morsel, Rob. 307; Cl. 1343; 

fane bite (earlier lext bilan) [' bucceilttm '] 
OHN xiii. 50 ; vor ^ bite of one cpple a. r. 
334 ; an bite bisdes Orm. 8640 ; ]>e bite ^m 
)iei eten Langl. Axviii. 300. 

bite, sb., O.E. bite,= O.L.G. biti, O.Fris. biii, 
bite, O.H.G. bii ; bite, acl 0/ biting, A. R. : ~" 
S. S. (Web.) 760 ; Mand. 49 ; ^in bite [' 1 
wjAvmj '] HOH.1. 133; ^nebite AVEtfa 61; 
^ bite <M swordes egge Kath. 2437 ; mid 
steles bite Laj. 11327 ; bite, bitte C m. 8500 ; 
bile, bill{e)'wor«(f ' PR. P. 37; bitte 'otoj-ihi' 
VOC.198; bilt Alis. S436 ; bit Iw.94; biic 
cutting edge hvi.Sc MER.4808; bit, bitte Gaw. 
312, 3334 ; bitaa {dat.pl.) Laj. 31364. 

bit«l, adj., biting, keen, OrH. 10074 ; biiele 
duntes La}. 36967. 

tritel, set bstu. 

Mt6l-brouwed,adj.[w.r.biterbrowed],*ff//^- 
browed, LanCL. A v. 109. 

bl-t«Uan, v., O.E. betcUan {defi!nd)''OJ^ris. 



Wter, 

bitella, MJl.G. beielleo {acquire); defend, 
conquer: bitellen wel & weren Oru; 304;; 
¥et tu beo mi luotild ajeioes mine soiile fon 
)et heo hire ne muven bitellen HOM. \. aoi ; 
to bitellen eowere rihtes Laj. 7894; biteue 
LEG. 169; TowNL. 317 ; and lust hu ich c(» 
me biuOle O. & N. 363 ; bitallaC (pres.) A. R. 
336* ! bltdld (pret.) gek. & ex. 930 ; nu ^ 
havest Bnitlond al bltUd (Pple.) (sec. text 
awonne) to )>ire hond Laj. 18099. 
biteUtmse, sb., f defence, excuse; A. R. 393. 
biten, v., O.E. bltan, = O.L.G. bitan, OJ^ris^ 
OJV. bIta, GotA. beitan, O.H.G. pltan, bUan ; 
bite, A. R. 364 ; biten mete La}. i 5340 i on his 
lippe . . . bite Ch. C. t. A 3745 ; )>er was no 
knif ^t wolde him bite Egl. 491 ; bita)> 
(Pret.) Orm, 9954; bit hom. 1. 123; a. R. 
186; MISC. 9; AYENB. 66; heo bite% Laj. 
30173; bite)> AYENB. 70; biUiide {pple.) a.r. 
438 ; AVENB. 143 ; bftt (pref.) ORM. 13433 ; 

IW. 3029; bot HOM. II. 181; GEN. & EX.3936; 
C L. 1343 ; 1. H. R. 135 ; S. S. (Web.) 773 j 
OCTOV. (W.) 329 ; LUD. Gov. 39 ; Charlis bot 
his lippen Fer. 141 ; he bot [boot] his lippes 
Langl. .^ V. 67 ; biten (^/.f»/.) Alis. 54^5; 
f>a scipen biten on ^t sond LA]. 1788; bile 
LEG. 161 ; biten, beten (pple.) Ch. i. g. w. 
3318 ; beten l. h. R. 74 ; ibile Alis. 5438; 
ibete Trev. VII. 399; a>mp. ■-, &nd-, for- 
blten ; deriv. bite, bltel, bltar, bait, 
[bitere, sb., biter ; comp. bac-bitere.] 
biting:, sb., biting, Lidg. m. p. 101 ; bitlnsa 
( fplur.) HOM. I. 33. 

bi-t€on, v., O.E. beteon, = GotA. ' bitiuhan, 
O.H.G. piziuhan ; bestow, draw over, betray, 
La]. 91 17 ; )>i luve . . . hwar meiht tu biteon 
hire betere ben upon me a. r. 398; here 
swine be wel biten gen. Sl ex. 3626 ; bitig 
ipret.) GEN. & EX. 3878; bit63en {pple.) 
HOM. I. 31 1 Laj. 19902 ; ¥or (h)aveth a skie 
hem . . . bitogen [covered) gen. & EX. 3796 ; 
bitogen [bitowe] REL. I. 174; ^ nihtegale al 
hire hoje mid rede hadde wel biloje o. & H. 
702 ; or elles ich bevede uvelc bitowen (em- 
ployed) muchcl of mine hwule A. R. 430. 

bit«r, adj., O.E. biter, = O.N. "bitr, O.H.G. 
biter, pitter, cf. Goth, baitrs; from biten; 

bitter, BOM. II. 33; GEN. & ex. 3300; MISC. 

27; s.S.(Web.) 849; biter wind. HOM. 1. 167; 
biter ine smac ayenb. 82 ; bitter a. R. 303 ; 
^ bittere FRAG.6; nawt bittres Kath. 1704; 
to yan bittre (dot.) <le¥e HOM. I. 37 ; of 
bitere speche 95 ; bittere (//.) hom. I. 43 ; 
bittere [bitere] swipen La;. 21247; wiS bittre 
besraen MaBH. 5; bitera (adv.) [(?.£. bitre], 
bitere Laj. 16381*; bitere, bittere, bittre 
Langl. i^iii. 249; bitterer (coinpar.) pr. c 
7272; bitenire HOM. II. 173; bittrare SPEC 
99 ; bittereet [biteresi] (superl.) Laj. 9685 ; 
bittrest HOM. I, 383. 
biter-browed, bittar-browid, adj. [v. r, 
bitelbrouwed], Langl. A v, 109. 



biter. 



bi-)>arf. 



71 



biter-hede» sb., Httemess, ayenb. 28. 

biter-liche* adv., 0,E. biterUcc; bitterly y 
Laj. 13626* ; Langl. Civ. 144 ; bittcrliehc A.R. 
364 ; bitterli Will. 2083 ; biterloker (comp) 
Misc 92 ; bitterliikeBt [superL) H. M. 35. 

bitemesae, sb., 0,E. bitemess ; bitterness^ 
MISC 28 ; Shor. 91 ; bittemesse a. r. 372. 
bitere, sb. « O.H.G. bitten; bitterness: for 
bitter of mi galle Langl. A v. 99. 
bi-tideiiy v., /2ir ^etiden ; betide, happen, A. R. 
278 ; bitide HORN (L.) 543 ; Will. 730 ; (pts, 
bityde) La^. 2236* ; sbame be mai bitide SPEC. 
90; bitidi)>, bitit (pres.) Langl. j?xi. 393 ; 
3if us eni ufel bitit hom. L 71 ; bitidde (pret,) 
O. & N. 1107 ; GEN. & EX. 3861 ; Bek. 1511 ; 
Gaw. 2522; tel me hou ^at bitidde S. S. (Wr.) 
589 ; betidde ant. Arth. i ; bitld CpP^-) 
GEN.& EX. 1978. 

bitidingy sb., happenings Ch. Doet. v. 3 

(155)- 
bi-tilden, v., 0,E, bi-, beteldan; caver (as 
with a tent), envelop : and lette hine bitiUen 
(?=bitilden) mid goldfa3e pallen LA3. 27852 ; 
bitild (pple,) Jul. 8. 

bi-timen, v.,j^r36timen; happen-, ^ifsunne 
bitimed bi nihte A. R. 324 ; bltimde {Pret,) 
Marh. 2. 

bitor, sb., 0,Fr, butor ; bittern, Ch. C. t. D 
972 ; bittor Chest. L 51 ; botors (//.) AR.& 
Mer. 3130. 

bi-tdvereiiy w., perhaps from MJ^,G,, Af,Du» 
betoveren, ^ M,H,G. bezoubem; fascinate, 
GEN. & EX. 2962. 

bi-traie, bi-traiBse, v,,fortnAe ; betray, LA3. 
8923*; Bek. 316; Shor. 112; Langl. A\. 
37; bitraiede (pret,) misc. 38; betraied, 
betraised Ch. d. Bl. 1120; bitraied (ppU.) 
Ch. L.G. w. 137 ; bitrasshed R. R. 1520. 

bitraing* sb., betrayal; betraying WlCL. 
WISD. xvli. II. 

bitraisingy sb., ^^/r^i/r^; betraisinge [be- 
traiing] Ch. l. G. w. 2460. 
bi-trappOy v., 0,E, betrseppan, -treppan,= 
M Du, betrappcn ; entraps take in a trap, 
Gow. in. 257; bitrappet, bitreppet (pple,) 
A. R. 174* ; betrapped D. Arth. 1630. 

bi-traut, v., betray ; betraut D. Troy 731 ; 
betrautid (pret,) 11767. 

bi-travailen, v., work at, ox for; compose (a 
book) ; torment : for no bred )yat ich bitra* 
yaile (pres,) Langl. Cxvi. 210 ;; thei bitra- 
y^eliden (pret,) mi wiif WiCL. JUDG. xx. 5 ; 
^is stone is bitravailled (ppie.) bi cause of 

Britaine Trey. L 27. 
hi'ixM.en.^w,, tread over*, bitredeth (pres,) 

Trey. Barth. (in n. E. d.). 
bi-trendeiiy v., surround : sorwe him gan be- 

trende Fer. 4006; betrende (Pret,) LEG. 

127; bitrent (pple,) Ch.Tro. ii. 1231. 
bi-treout'eny v., betroth ; bitr8u)>ede (pret,) 

Shor. 66 ; betreu^de Fer. 2105. 



bi-tr$u])infipe, sb., betrothing, Shor. 59. 
bi-tristeiiy v., trust \ betrost (pple,) Gener. 

3615. 

bi-txiiflexiy v., delude ; bitrufle'S (pres,) a. r. 
106. 

bi-trumeny v., 0,E. betrymian; encompass, 
Marh. 20; bitrumede (Pret.) hom. IL 87; 
bitrumet (pple,) Marh. 6; betremed Lk. 
xxi. 20. 

bitte, see bite and biitte^ 

bittedy pple., having a bit\ bited Pall. i. 
1162. 

bitter, see biter. 

bittren, v., 0,E, biterian, « 0,H,G, bitaron ; 
make bitter^ a. r. 308 ; bitteret (pres,) hom. 
L 23. 

bi-tiihten, v., r/<7M^ ; bituht [biti3t] (pple,) 
mid ru^e felle o. & N. 1013 ; wi]y fair pal it 
was betight Al. (L*.) 596 ; bitought Guy 232. 

bi-tunexiy v„ 0£,\A', bctynan,=il/.Z?i/. bc- 
tuinen, M,H,G, beziunen ; hedge in, a. R. 164 ; 

bit^nde (pret^ hom. L 83 ; bitunden LA3. 
4287 ; bituned (pple) a. r. 164 ; bi-, betoned 
FRAG. 6 ; bituined Kath. 1659. 

bi-tumeiiy v., turn about : bitum )>e and^cum 
a^ean a. r. 394; bitumde (pret,) Marh. 12; 
Rob. 210. 

bi-tweoheiiy v., fexorcize^ rid; betweobe 
(pres,) P. R. L. P. 23. 

bi-tweoneiiy adv. & prep.» 0£, betweonum, 
-tweonan, bitweon ; between, Mat. xxv. 32 ; 
bitwconen A. R. 72 ; bitweonen, -tweone 
HOM. L 91, 141 ; bitweonen [bitwine] 
Laj. 2080; bitwenen )yis9en bro^ren 10461 ; 
bitweone twom monnen 22968 ; bitwenc 
24274 ; betwune 4307 ; bitwenen Orm. 384 ; 
bitwinen hom. IL 51 ; bitweone, -twene o. & 
N. 1379 ; bitwene Langl. A iii. 68 ; so mikel 
love was hem bitwene Hay. 2967 ; bitvene 
TREAT. 134; betvene ayenb. 65; bitwen 
GEN. & EX. 76a • 

bi-twihy adv. & prep., 0,E, betwih, -tweoh, 
-twyh, -twuh ; between : bitwise iCngle londe 
& Normandie Laj. 20947 ; bitvei;en, bitwihan 
HOM. L 37 ; bitwihen o. & N. 1747 ; bituhen 
Kath. 1526. 

bi-twiz, adv. & ptep., 0,E, betwix, -tweox, 
-twyx, -twux,=0./>i>. bitwischa, -twiskum, 
mod.Eng. betwixt; between, betwixt. Am. & 
Amil. 142 ; betwix D. Arth. 801 ; bitwix, 
-twixen CH. C. T. Z>88o, Bioy^ ; betwex, 
-tweox, -tweoxe, -twexe, -twuxe Mat. xx. 26, 
Mk. vi. 51, X. 26, xiv. 19; bitwux, -twixe, 
-twixen, -tuxe, -tuxen [bitwixte] Laj. 2329, 
2335, 2553, 5010, 10886 ; bitwex HORN (L.) 
346 ; bitwuxan HOM. L 91 ; betwuxe 225 ; 
bitwuxen FRAG, i ; bituxen O. & N. 1747 ; 
bitvixte SHOR. 77* 

bi|>, see witJ. 

bi-^arfy v. (pret,'Pres,), 0,E, be);earf,= 0,L,G, 
bitbarf, 0,H.G. pidarf ; netd^ want : fset ge 



7% bi-])eooheiu 

. . . befiaWen Mat, vi, 32 ; be|nii& (suij.) 
LEECHD. III. 114. 

bl-t>eoobeii, v., O.E. bi-, bebeccmn, » f?./f.(7. 
bedecchen ; covtr ; mid pa:ile hUvibt [fpU.) 
h\y 1931S ; bljjohte (pl) 32338. 
bi'>^iioheii,v.,£>.£.bi^caii,—0./^.Cpid«n- 
cban, Goth, bi^kjan; think upon, remind, 
bethink, Marh. 5 ; bi^nche Bkk. 43 ; Suok. 
33 ; he mot bine ful w;l bt^enche o. & N. 
471 ; bis word . ..\t de^ de)wnchc ayenb. 
loi ; bi^nken Orm. 3917; bibenke Wiix- 
3057 ;' bifiinken MOM. I. 61 ; beOiinkin ' eogi- 
to, meditor' PR. P. 34; bi)>«udw ipret.) 
HOM. 1. 161 ; he VX & bi¥enche% him bwomie 
he wule arisen a. r. 334; bi^nki^ Wicl. 
Lk.xIv, ji; bi))enc^ O. & N. 1509; bebenf;b 
AYENB. 18 J 1}l)>ana {imper.) LAy 9816 j bi- 
^k be AS. UT. 91 ; bi^encb R. s. i (Misa 
156) ; bibench )« bet p. i_ s. xix. 37; bl|>flhte 
( pret.) LAJ. 670 ; o. & M. 939 ; ^ene mon he 
lufede & wel bi^hte HOh. I. 59 ; biKouhte 
A. R. 300 ; bi^jte Horn (L.) 411 ; MKfiuht 
(ppit.) A. R. 343; bi^ouht c. L. 698; heo 
was . > . wel bi^uht Laj. 3510; ich habben 
(r. habbe) me bi)M)bt wh(a)t ich don wulle 
16745 • t>i>o}t Fl~ & Bl. 469 ; [«t ^ beo bet 
bibajt P. L. s. XX. 54; in his wisdom was a] 
bi%ogt ear ¥anne it was on werlde brogt gen. 
& EX. 37 ; to bidden his milce to late we beat 
bi^te R. S. iv. 

bi|>«iiohIiige„ sb., action of thinking; be- 
^Dchinge ayenb, 333. 
bi-)>Tftweii, v-i torture : bat i wib love a 
bejiraw« (ppJe.) Gow. ni. 5. 
bi-thrSten, v., threaten; bltbrttt {ppie.i 

C U. 10103. 
bi-|>riBgen, v., O.E. bi-, bf;l>ringan,=atf.(7. 

pidriogan ; ^rest : ber icn wes o ^n fihte 

, . bierde blorangen tbi)irongen] (ppU.) Laj. 

8814 ; wi^ wandra^ bijtnmgen Oru. 14835. 
bi-pimohan, v.," 0.//.G. pidunchen; seem: 

}i[ him so blSunahad (pret.) a. r. 346. 
bi-tmrftn, v., r 0£. befiUTfaa {pret. bSborfte), 

-a//;CbeduTfin,(*r//.pidorfti);fe«rft^/, 

need; bi)>ort«ii {earlier text beborfton) (pre/.j 

LC. ix. 1 1. 
bi-uven, buftn, adv., O.E. beufui, bufani-s 

M.Du.,MJ..G.\io\Kn\ aJ0iv,Hou.1. 95,159; 

biifeii,bufenneor)ie Orm. 4773; buvenKATH. 

3^^ ; HOM. II. Ill ; he is buven us P. l. &. 

viii. 44 ; Ecrest wes be white buven & seoWen 

he wes binerfSen Laj. 15978; buven, buve 

A. R. 46, 106; buve o. & N. 308; bove an. 

LIT. 5 ; al )iat is bove and under molde 

Shor. 117 ; comp. a-buAn. 
birien, beoTlen, btivien,v., 0£. bifian, beo- 

fian,- O.L.G. bivon, O.Fris. beva, O.t/. bifa, 

O.H.G. piben, biben; tremble, La), 33530, 

35342, 37718; biveS {pres.) GEN. & Ex. 3380 ; 

beovsden {pret.) Laj. 38357. 
bi-wteren, v., J).E. bew£fan, = Goth, bi- 

vaibjan ; clothe \ btweflle (i*«/.) Lj^. 38474 ; 



bi-wSpen. 

blwBrad {ppU^ Misc. 55, 140 ; Aus. 1085 ; 
biweved hii were botbe mid Welsse mantles 
Rob. 539; biwxived Laj. 33133; midwintre 
he wes biweaved 130. 

tri-wailen, biweilen, v., bevx^l, Ch, C, t. 
B^', biweile WiCL. gem. xxiii. 1 ; blw«aa)> 
(>/■«.) Alis. 4395 ; blwallin»« {>Wfe.) CH. 
Tro. iv. 1333 ; Uwellddeat {pret^ CK. BOET. 
i. 6 (26). 

bi-waine, be-voine, be-wsaje, ib., prop, 
gain. Barb. leg. II. 130, 136. 
bi-wik8ii,v.,,V.^.^.bewachen; watchabout, 
qen. & EX. 3444 ; biwake S. S. (Web.) 3764 ; 
AL. (T.) 565 r blwiikadan (jbrvt.) HOU. II. 35 ; 
hine-biwakeden in ]>ere nihte ^tti hundred 
cnihien (r. cnihte) Laj. 7576; biwoken OrM. 

3339 ; bewAked {pple.) Gow. II. 350. 
bi-WBllen, y.,=M.L.G. bewallen; surround 

with a viaU; blwaUed (j»^j>.) Laj. 18607 ; 

LEG. 177. 
bi-TalwieUt ' v., O.E. bewealwian ; wallow 

about: blwal«da [pret.) hine a blode Laj. 

37744 ; blwalsd [biwalewed] (ppU.) on axen 

35989. 
bi-wappen, v., f astonish; bawap«d (Mlt.) 

BEVES 1689; bewhapped and assoted GOW. 

III. 4; bevapid Fer. 3037. 
bi-w&rien, v., invest (money), lay out, expend : 

if be clerk beware his fai)i in chapmanbode at 

such a faire Gow. I. 263 ; bi wit is wel bl- 

wAred (/)^/«.).Ch. Tfco. i. 636. 
bl-wedden, v., O.E. beweddian, ■■ O.Frts. 

biweddia ; wed ; blwedded (^le.) FRAG. 8 ; 

HOM, I. 149 ; a king of Britaine luvede heo 

biweddcd Laj. 4500; his biweddede wif 

3 '96a 
t»-vei, a\i.,^M.H.G, biwec; iy-way, Man. 

(F.) 1 0145. 
biweilen, see biwailas. 
bi-w61de,v., TyorjewAlden; wield; bewcldc 

Gow, I. 31a; blwalt (pres.) HOM. II. 35; 

blw&lden (pret.) hoh. II. 87. 
bi-welleo, v., well up-; bewel Trev. L III. 
bi-wendan, v., O^. bewendan, •■ O.H.G. 

bewendeo, Goth, biwandjan ; turn away, turn 

round: to hwuche of ^os foure mei he him 

'biwenden A. R. 306; (hit) biw«nt ipres.) him 

ofte 133 ; biwends (pret.) KATH.336a ; Jesus 

hine biwende uisc. 45 ; biwente Horn (L.) 

331 (R. 330) ; Map 334; bewent K. T. 1036; 

heo blwenoen beom sone Laj. 36576. 
bi-weorpen, v., O.E. beweorpan, - OX.G. 

bi-, bewerpan, O.H.G. piwerfan ; overwhelm : 

raid holiwatere beworpen (ppie.) FRAG. 7. 
bi-wepen, v., O.E. bewepan, = OJ^ris. bi- 

wepa ; weep for, mom. 1, 39 ; a. R. 108 ; Orm, 

15136; biwepen Misc 78; biwepe O. St n. 

980 ; biwepe Shor. 102 ; r. r. 513J ; biwepe 

{moisten) PaLL. iv. 61 ; biwfiop (Pret.) A. R. 

378; biweop Alis. 36551 biwiep hom, H. 

14s ; biweopen Marh. 31 ; biwepte Gow. 



bi-w6peou blao. 73 

III. 182; WiCL. GEN. 1; bewdpen {ftple) bi-wlappe, v., ^«wfa/, WiCL. Job xviii. ii. 

Ch. Tro. iv. 916; here visage al biwope bi-word, sb., - iV./T.C?. blwort; byword^^K^. 

(covered with tears) s. s. (Web.) 1186; chr. 259 ; biword Ch. Tro. iv. 769 ; TowNL. 

biweped Will. 661. 96. 

biw§pere» sb., one who beweeps ; biw6- bi-wrappen, v., wrap up ; schulen bewrappe 

peris (//.) WiCL. WISD. xviii. 10. < involvent^ WiCL. Job xviii. 1 1 ; bewrapped 

bi-weriian. v., 0,E. bewerian, O.L.G. bi- (pple.) Will. 1735 ; biwrabbet A. R. 260*. 

wcrien, OJi.G. piwerian ; defendy HOM. 1. 15 ; bi-wre^en, v., = O.Fru. biwrogia, O.H.G. 

biwenen p. L. s. viii. 168 ; bu . . . biwerest beniogen ; bewray^ accuse^ CH. C. T. A 2229 ; 

manne com firom deore O. & N. 1126. bewrie Will. 2435 ; bewrdie {pres. subj.) 

bi-weten* v., wety moisten \ biwdt (ppie.) m. t. 102; biwrdide (pret,) Alis. 4562; 

Pall. vL iio; wi^ teres al bewet Haluw. bewrdied (ppie.) Gow. II. 356. 

^7i« biwrOire, sb., one who revea/s; bewraier 

bi-weven, v., whiri away; biwdft (pret.) ^ rece/ator* tr. p. 34. 

C. M. 24109 ; biwaWe Laj. 30856. blwreiing, sb., action of revealing^ Ch. C. 

bi-wioohen, v., bewitch ; bewicche Mand. t. C7 147. 

159; biwloched (/r^/.) LANGL.^nx.151; bi-wr6k9, avenge\ bewrekc Rich. 6283; 

biwioohed (ppie,) Trev. II. 423 ; biwucched lhx;, Troy ii. 16. 

(sec. text biwicchcd) LA^ 24276. bi-wrenbhen,* v., * 0J£. bewrencan ; deceive ; 

bi-wi^elwn, v., deludey deceive^ U3. 969 ; bi- biwrenohetJ (pres.) a. r. 92. 

wihclen [biwihdin] Jul. 56, 57- bi-wrSon, v., O.E. bewrton; c^er; biwreo, 

bi-wilen,v.,?-biwi5oUen; rel. 1. 182 (misc ^^^ o. & n. 673 ; biwrieth (pres.) Aus. 

133) ; biwOed (ppU.) Shor. 67 ; Gaw. 2425. 5^53 . biwrljon [biwreje] (ppU.) Laj. 5366 ; 

bi-wimplen, v., - MX,G.y M.Du. bewim- biwrien A. R. 262. 

pelen: cover with a wimpU\ bewlmpled bi-wrixlen, v., >r aewrixlen ; change; bi- 

Ipple^ Gow. II. 359. wrixled (ppU.) k. r. 310. 

bi^winden, V , 0,E. bi-, bcwmdan, = Goth, bi-'wiirohen, v., 0,E. bewyrcan ; work ; be- 




bi-wumen, y.y^M.H.G. bewinnen, for ae- ^Iq and blac Map 335 ; be water so bio Em. 

winnen; wi», Laj. 472 ; biwmne Fl. & Bl. -jg; as bio as led Townl. 224; bio [bloo] 

374; chr. E. 465 ; biwinneTS (pres.) h. M. askes Langl. ^iii. 97 ; bloo ' lividus' PR. P. 

29 ; blwan (pret.) Rob. 420 ; biwan, -won .q ; bloo 'fulvus ' REL. I. 8 ; blodi and bloo 

Laj. 29, 4674; biwon hom. 1. 41 ; )>u biwunne lu^. Coy. 335. 

LA5.7878; (heo) biwunnen [biw^^^^^ 3782; blo-erK sb., * ar^7/«,' PR. P. 40. 

biwimnen (ppie.) A. R. 228 ; biwunnen [bi- , _^ J j^Ar v.^- >c mjt ^ »*.«,. 

wonne] Laj. 13 1 1 ; biwonne an. ut. i i. bU-mon. sb., ON. blama¥r ; Moor, Mark. 

- . ,J, J, \ /-» 1- i.r i.r ' . J- 10 ; blac as a bloamon [blamonj A. R. 236 ; 

^l'"^^ r:^eBt, sh.y O.E. hl-y higmst /.; bloman OCTOV.(W.)i405; blft.,bl6men(//.) 

betngy itvtngy hom. II. 161, 169 ; bewiste c. M. 2118 ; Women Trey. I. 4S ; of Ethiope 

M. h. 69 ; CM. 1^832 ; bcwiste, beowust, j^e brohte ba bleomen Laj. 253^. 

beouste A. R. 156, 160 ; hubeo^ bine beouste ... i_ x/ /• -v^-.. ui *^-^ 

bi-witen, v., go away, Aus. 5003. blab^e, sb, blabber, tell-tale, Ch. Troil. iii. 

bi-irtten! v.;a£:.bcwitan ;^rf.l4wiste; take .»5', ' ''^ •"• 37 ; blab {chatter) ^%K.y>22. 

care ofy HOM. 

6659, 13782 




207, 12920, .. ^^ , 

MISC 52 ; biwust (ppie!) a. R.*K)4. J>ei blaberin Lub.tOY. 164; i blaberde Langl. 

bi-witen, v., O.E. bcwitan (pret. bcw5t) ; ttike -^ v. 8. 

care of; biwit (pres,) Marh. 3 ; (ha) biwite^ blabip-lippid, adj., with swollen lipSy Cath. 

H. m. 29; biwftt (pret:) Laj. 13028; bi- 33; Digb. iii. 927 ; ^ babir-Uppld. 

wlten (ppie.) 19535. blao, adj., 0.E, blaec, -= M.Du, black, O.N. 

bi-witie, v., O.E. bewitian, bewitigan ; take blakkr; blacky La^. 3070; a. R. 234; HAV.555; 

care ofy LA5.6659*; biwitejen 25010; to bi- treat. 133; Fer. 2437; blak*«/^^, t^er' 

witiende (^biwitienne) hom. II. 195; bi- PR. P. 38; Ch. C. T. ^ 2130; Mand. 51 ; K. 

wltede (pret.) Laj. 31013*. T. 773 ; blak and bio SPEC 68 ; Townl. 224; 



74 



blac. 



blanoharcL 



he blake deovil HOM. 1. 251 ; blake (//.) HOM. 
I. 51 ; blake monekes RoB. 433 ; ))a blake 
elates La^. 13102 ; blacore {compar.) Marh. 
10; blakkure MISC 149. 

blak-berie, sb., 0,E, blaecberige ; blackberry^ 
Halliw. 180; \ms. blake berie) voc 140; 
Will. 1809. 

blac, adj.,*a£'. blaec, M.Du. black, 0,H.G, 
plach, blach, 0,N. blek «.y ink ; blek ^atra- 
mentum * PR. P. 39 ; blacche, blacchepot 
voc 181. 

bl&Oy adj., 0,E. bl5c, hlxc,^ OJL.G. blec, OJV, 
bleikr, 0,H,G, pleich, mod,Eng, bleak ; pale^ 
LA3. 19888 ; HOM. 1. 249 ; blac ant won spec 
74; blak L. H. R. 150; ANT. Arth. li; bloc 
A. R. 332 ; bleche ayenb. 53 ; Gow. II. 210 ; 
bleik 'pallidus' PR. P. 39; LiDG. Th. 2332; 
bl&ke (//.) La). 1888; weren for hunger grene 
and bleike Hav. 470. 

blad, sb., 0,E. blaed, = O.L.G. blad, 0,N, bla^, 
O.H»G, blat ; biade (of grass^ of a sword ), 
Fer. 4433; {vat blad AUD. 12; blad, blade 
PR. P. 37 ; blade Ch. C. t. A 618 ; bI4de (dtzt.) 
Man. (F.) 10039 ; comp, windal-blad. 

blad-smith, sb., PR. P. 37 ; D. Troy 1592. 

blddiiiy y,j^MJ.,G, bladen, M,H,G. blaten ; 
blade (in two senses) : bladyn herbys ^detirso, 
bladyn haftys ^ sdndulo ' PR. p. 37. 

bladre, sb., 0,E, blaedre, blaeddre,=il/'.Z.(7. 
bladere, bledere, M.Du, blaere, 0,N. bla^ra, 
0,H.G. platra, blatra ; from blftwen ; bladdery 
blader rel. I. 190 ; bladdre Ch. C. t. G 439 ; 
bleddre A. R. 282; Shor. 2 ; bleddere, bledder 
PL. CR. 222 ; bleddir * vesica ' PR. p. 39 ; bloure 
(ms, blowre) Townl. 62 ; blorc York xxvi. 
188; bUMLran, bl&dre (daL) leechd. III. 
82, 84. 

bladren, v., f swell like a bladder', bladdlr]' 
(pres,) N. P. 66. 

bl»d, sb., 0,E, bljed, bla)5, treat. 17, </ (9. 
H,G. plat; from blftwen; blast , breath \ 
bleade (dat,) HOM. I. 97. 

blftS-ltest, adj., O.E. bl^dfaest ; f pros- 
perous, famous Laj. ioioo, 6986. 

bl&s, sb.,= M,Du. blaes, AfM.G. hlsis; blast, 

bles A. R. 82 ; windes bles Misc 93 ; CL. M. 

30; bias Fer. 2648 ; blase (dat.) LA3. 27818. 
bl»8en,v.,= a£'.blaesan, aMblasa, OM.G, 

blasen ; blow : he gan to blasen out a soun 

Ch. h. r. 1802. 

bU^st, sb., O.E, b\xst,== 0.//.G,, M.Du, blast, 
0,N,\A^'s\x\ from\iiAw&rL\ blast \ bemeneblaest 
LA3. 19926; blest AYENB. 203 ; blast ^flatus ' 
PR. P. 38 ; TREAT. 136 ; SPEC io6 ; Ch. Tro. 
ii. 1387 ; homes blast GEN. & ex. 3464; rel. I. 
223 ; windes blast Alis. 235* ; s. & c I. Hi ; 
blaast Trey. IV. 371; bl&ste (dat.) Brd. 19; 
wib strengi»e of his blast(e) fe white brent j^an 
rede Ar. & Mer. i 538 ; comp. ]>ozier>blft8t. 

bUlBten, v., (9.£'.blaestan; blast, breathe heavi- 
ly ; Waste Brd. 27 ; leg. 167 ; and gan to 



puffen and to blaste Ch. H. f. 1866 ; he grunte 
and blaste P. L. s. xv. 99 ; blasten Alis. 5348 
comp. a-blmten. 

bl&ten, v., O.E. bl2etan,= (7./f.t7. plazan; 
bleat\ bletin ^balo' PR. P. 39; blete leg. 
152 ; Langl. Cxviii. 38 ; Ber. 3245 ; Townl. 
106; bl£te|' (pres.) Orm. 131 5; bUtinge 
(pple.) Trey. IV. 153. 

bldtlnge, sh.,= O.H,G. plazunga; bleating, 
* balatus,^ PR. P. 39. 

bl&tSy see blAd, bldt$, and bleats. 

blafl^ldiiy \,,^M.Du. blaffen; stammer; wlaffes 

*balbeie* voc 173; wlaffing (PPle.) LEG. 

119. 
bla£fere» sb., stammerer, 'traulus,* PR. P. 

37 ; wlaffere ayenb. 262. 

blaffordy sb., tM.Du. blaffaert; stammerer, 
Uraulus^ vVi. P. 37. 

blaky see blao. 

blake, sb., blackness : biholden ever his blake 
& nout his hwite A. R. 282. 

blakeberied \y. r. blakberied, blakburied], 
sb., cf. begge]'; hir soules goon a blake- 
beried (f a-blackberrying) Ch. C. T. C''4o6. 

blftkien, v., O.E. bjacian,- O.N, bleikja, O. 
H.G. bleichen ; turn pale, Mark. 9; his neb 
bigon to blakien [blokie] LA3. 19799 ; blaken 
Man. (H.) 183 ; blake ay. Arth. xv ; )^nne 
gan bleiken here ble P. s. 341 ; hwenne |>in 
heou bloke)> (pres.) Misc 101 ; blftkede 
(pret.) Laj. 7524. 

blakin, v., O.E. blacian ; blacken, PR. P. 38 ; 
blaken, blake C M. 14747; blake)> (pres.) 
Shor. 155; blakede (pret.) Jul. 48 ; blaked 
(pple.) Ch. C. t. -53321. 

bliJcnen, v. : he bigan . . . wit hem ful sore to 
blakne (look black, grow angry) Hay. 2165. 

blakneiiy v., ?=bl&kien; of deithe nammorc 
to blokne Shor. 4. 

bl&me, sb., 0,Fr. blasme ; blame, H. M. 33 ; 

Horn (L.) 1265 ; p. l. s. xxii. 4 ; ayenb. 23. 

blftmable, adj., blameable. Trey. VI. 25. 

blftme-fiil, adj., imputing blame, blame^ 

worthy, ^ICL. ESTH. xvi. 6; blamefull Kath.' 

106. 

bl&mefUl-(l)i, adv., apol. 112. 

blftme-les, adj., blameless^ Trey. I. 251 ; 
Gow. III. 220. 

blamen, v., O.Fr. blasmer ; blame, A. R. 64 (v. 
r. lastin) ; blame Marg. 200 ; bl&meS (pres.) 
HOM. II. 73; blamejy ayenb. 17; bl&mede 
(pret.) Rob. 272, 

bl&mer, sb., one who blames; bl&meres 
(pi.) WicL. Is. 1. 6. 

blano, adj., O.Fr. h\ditic,from O.H.G. blanch ; 
mod.Eng. blank ; shining, white ; blonc rel. 
I. 37 ; his blonk sadel Gaw. 2012. 

blanohardy adj., O.Fr. blanchart; whitish, 
Gener. 2458 : stedis . . . baith blanchart and 
bai Gaw. & GOL. II. 19. 



Uanohet. 

Uanohet, sb., Fr. blanchet ; a sort of paint, 

HOH. I. S3. 
bUnohiD, v., Fr. blanchir ; blanch, PR. P. 3S ; 

bUwi)obod«(^/«.)H.ARTH.3046; blanche4 

P. F. It. 50. 
blano-tnangere, sb., O.Fr, bUnc-manger ; 

j/<Mf-n>ianf-«, LANGL.fxiii.911 blankmanger , 

Ch. C.T.J 387. 
bland, sb., O.E., O.N. bland ; mixturt ; in 

bland together Alex. 3786 ; Caw. 1204 ; a. p. 

iL 88;. 
blaoden, v., O.E. bUndan, O.N. blanda.- 

Gotk. blandan, Af.Du. blandcn, O.ff.G. blan- 

taa ; mix : blonds hit with milke l. c. c 24 ; 

blMida ipple.) Gaw. 1931, 
blanden, v., O.Fr. blandir; blandish, flatter ; 

taloDde(> (fires.) SHOK. 73; bUundlaoiii^ 

(Pfile.) Ch. Boet. ii. I (30). 
blaadere,sb.,/a//^^; blonderc AYENB.61. 
bUndlnga, sb., blandishing ; blandinge 

AYENB. 75 ; bland is(s)iDge p. l. s. xix. 165. 
blandisaen, see bianden. 
bUnssse, see under blft. 
blanke, sb., O.E. blanca, blonca; cf. O.H.G. 

blanc ros, also planchai {'u^hite horse) ; {white, 

grey) horse; blonke WILL. 3326; ant.Arth, 

x]iii;blaiLken.bIonken(//.)LAj.5663, 13513. 
blanket, sb., O.Fr. blanquete; coarse ivoolUn 

cloth, blanket, Bek. 1167; hir belle was of 

blonket {f printed blenket) ant. Arth. (R.) 

XXIX (M. plonkct) ; set bl&nobet. 
blfiren, \,,=M.Du. blaeren {vagire, balare); 

weep noisily ; blorin 'Jleo ' PR. P. 40. 
blfia, see blfia. 
blAse, sb., O.E. blxse ; blase, Jlame, torch, uou. 

1.185; A.R.2S4; HAV.i3S4i Lancl. fi xvii. 

313; Ch. Tro. iv. 184; Ber. 3353; enne 

blase of fure Lai, 3859 ; J>ei setten al on blase 

Cow. II. 344J blase, blese PR. P. 39; C M. 

8877 ; UAsan (pi.) a. r. 3S4; blesen ['/aabus'] 

John xviii. 3, 
bUsen, v., ilaie, 'flammo; blasin PR. P. 

38; brennen &. blasen LanGL. 5xvii. 333; 

UAm)> (pres.) Trev. I. J ; Gow, I. 358; vort 

al \tt hus blasie voriS a. r. 296; bUaod (Pret.) 

Alis.* (Sk.) 739. 
bUalncei sb. & adj., flaming, 'flammacio,' 

PR. P. 38 ; biasing starre (cynosure) P. R. 1, P. 

54- 
bUmn, see blSaeo. 

blaafgma, sb. & adj., blasphemer, blas- 
phemous : shulden siche blasfemes be stoned 

to deej) WiCL. s. w. III. 347; heithen and 

blasfeme men Wicl. 3 Macc x, 4. 
blaafgmdii, v., Fr. blaspbemier, Gr. ^\a<r4>r,- 

fifiv; blaspheme; blufdma^ iPres.) avenb. 

30; bUsffimed, blasphemed (pple.) Ch. C. 

T. ZJ3183. 
blaofemie, sb., Fr. blaspheme, Cr.jSXatr^fii'o; 

bla^hemy, a. r. 198; ayenb. S7- 



bleddre. 



75 



blaafbmonr, blasphemour, sb., blasphemer, 
Ch. C.t. Z)3313. 

blasomi, sb., O.Fr. blason; blason, shield, 
Gaw. 8z8 ; Rich. 5737. 

bUflt, see blmt. 

blaimner, sb., kindoffur, GaV- iS5 ; blau- 
ner B. disc, i 17 [blaundemere F\ 

bl&wen, v., O.E. blSwan, = O.H.G. plSen, 
pULben, Lat. flare ; blow {as the wind), Alis. 
(Web.) 5630 ; blawen, blauwen, blowen Laj. 
79O1 794(44^3; blauwen UOM. 1. 81; blawe 
Hav. 587; IsuH.393i blauc ANT. Arth. xxvi; 
bloawen A.R. 310; blowc HAV.913 ; R0R7; 
Ch. C. t. a 565 ; blowe & blaste Marg. 313 ; 
bragge or blowe lud. Coy. 183 ; blau)> (presS 
AYENB. 35; bostusandblawusAV.ARTH.xxiii; 
(hi) blawe^ ayenb. 34 ; ^ englei . . . blowe|i 
heorc beroe Misc. 163 ; bl&wa [blou] (imper.) 
La). 35789; blouHAV.;85; SPEC. 51; srj'eo 
bemen blowen frag. 7 ; bUwende (pple.) 
HOM. I. 87; blowand Will. 3358; bltow 
{pret.) HOM. I. 331 ; bleow Alis. 491 ; bleou, 
bleu La}. 808, 1763 ; alter ^t be aide deovel 
bl(c)ou on Adam Hou. 1. 75 ; blew gen. Sc ex. 
3c>B5 ; bleu HOM. II. 19 ; misc. 55 ; Brd. 34 ; 

LEG. l6S; C. M. I3540; (ms. blew) ROB. I3; 

LANGL.fv.515; blu AV. Arth. XVI bleowen 
Mat. vii. 37 ; bleowen, blewen [bleuwen] Laj, 
5107,33061; blcweCH,C.T.f 4589; bl&wen 
(<s^/<.)PR.c68s;TowNL. 14; blowen Langl. 
J9v. 18; S. s. (Wr.) 3iSi ; comp. HrViAwtia ; 
deriv. bled, bl&dre. 

bUw«re, fib., O.f. blawere ; blower; blower 
Trist. 535 ; eomp. hora-blftware. 
bUwlng, sb., O.E. blawung ; blowing, 
breathing, HOU. I. 75 ; blawing GaW. 1601 ; 
blowinge A. R. 436; blowinge PR. P. 41. 

bl§, see bUo. blead, see blCd. 

bleat, adj., O.E. bleat ; wretched, = O.N. blautr 
(soft), O.Fris. blat, AfJ)u. bloot, M.H.G. bloi 
{naked); naked,wretched: wehabbe^. . .moni 
xnne gode wifraon iworht to bletere widewe 
Laj. 33630 ; treon , . . mid (licke boje no fing 
blete 0. & N. 616. 

bleaC, sb., O.E. blSaS {ignavus, timidus),= 
O.N. blan<r, O.L.G. bloth, O.H.G. blod; 
timid; soft: dre(d)ful and ble% GEN. & EX. 
3590; bkefi (/y&rblict) Laj. 18737. 

bleoohen, v., from blao; blacken; blekkin 
PR. F. 39; Iblaoohed (pple.) Laj. 17700J 
bleckid WiCL. Job xxx, 30. 

bleoen, v., O.Fr. blecicr, blecher ( - modFr. 
blesser) ; hurl, wound; blaohet> (pres.) 
AYENa 40, 338 ; bliaaid (pple.) Rich, 546. 

bleobs, see blAo. 

blSohsn, v., O.E. bisecan (Pfile. blseced) ; fh>m 
blao; bleach, HOM. II. 57; bl«abed (pple.) 
Ch. Dort. app. i. 45 ; wule a weob beon 
. . . mid one watere wel ibleched A. R. 334. 

bleoken, see bleooben. 

bleddre, see bl&dre. 



blfid«, sb^ O.E. bled, - OM.G. bluot/,- from 
bldweix;_^i7m'«r,MtwM,HOU. 11.356; leg.Sj; 
^ never gms ne spiingb ne bled o. Sl n. 1043; 
withoute eni blede (ompring) Al. (T.) 37 ; 
bUde, blxde, blxden (^orAVr ttxt bleda) {pi.) 
John xv. 3,4, 16 ; bleden [bledes] La). 38833. 

blidon, v., 0£. bledan, - O.Fris. blMa, 
0.//.G. bluoten; y^ bl6d; bUtd\ blede 
HAV.103; Gow.1. 188; TRIAM.379; bltdda 
(/rv/.) Laj. 7533; A.R.114; Langl. Jxix. 
103 ; his woandes bledden ALIS. 5845; comp. 
U-biedso. 

blee, tet blAo. 

bleik, bleiksn, iw bUo, blAkim. 

bldme, sb., 0£. blSgen, -> Dan. blagn, ^.Zh<. 
J)!eine/j'Wai'«, 'j#(»^Ai,'PR. P.39; bieincEN. 
& EX. 3037 ; blelne (dal) r. r. 553 ; blfilnea 
ipl.) WiCL. EXOD. ix. 9 ; pokkis and bleines 
Flor. 3034; bUinen (dat.pl.) Mark. 18. 
blBloinge, sb., blistering, PL. CR. 299. 

blek, ue bias. 

blfili, adv., /or blttbeU-bUtJUdhei will- 
inglyy/icu E. w. 417; Parton. 771. 

blemuBen,v., ai^r.blesmir; blemish; blem- 
ishcn, blemschio 'oi/itsco' PR. P. 39; bl»- 
mlsMd ipple.) Ch. Boet. i. 4 (ao) ; al blemi- 
schid is thi ble Townl. 333. 

blenob, sb^ trick, dectif, r. S. i (uisc 156); 
ayknb. 130; A. p. ii. laoa ; blenk Man. (H.) 
301; blink H.S.4185; b1enohea(//.}o.&N. 
378 ; blenkes Hav. 307. 

blenoben, blenken, v., O.E. b1encan,'> OJV. 
blekkja ; blench, jlinck, steal away, deceive, 
HOU. I. 5S : a vleih mei eilen )ie & makien be 
to blencben a. r. 376 ; ich axa var and blinke 
can wel blenche O. & n. 170; ;if ^ou . . . 
fram him nelt blenche LEG. 157; )>anne 
shaltou blenche at a berghe Langl. B\. 589 ; 
his ie gan blenche H. 5. 3576 ; blinche a strok I 
BEK.1173; blenke Man. (H.) 115; d. Troy 
3483 ; D. Arth. 3857 ; blenchl> {pres.) LiDC. 
M.P.3i5;blaiiate,blenchte(/r«/.) Jul. 73,73; 
bleinte Laj. 1460 ; Ch. C. t. A 1078 ; {ms. 
blenyte) Rob. 3^8; bleint Man. (F.) 1(23; 
Tristrem bleint Si side TrIST. 3779; bei lokede 
aboute& bleinte bihinde^buschWiLL.3ni; 
hot dauid sagh and hlcnked (v. r. blenkid, 
blenched) lau c. M. 7668 ; comp. ftt-bI«nohan. 

blenden, v., O.E. blendan, - O.Fris. blenda, 
(3.//.t7. blenden ; make blind; blende Misc 
88; Langl. B i. 139; Ch. Tro, iii. 2071 
blendaf) {pres.) ayend. 33 ; blendef> mannes 
heorte Orm. 4525 ; blent hom. I, 351 ; Ch. p. 
F. 600; blende {pret.) Laj. 29361 ; R. s. iv; 
A. p. ii. 1788 ; comp. a.; for-, ;e-blenden. 

blenden, v., O.E. blendan; fi-om blanden; 
blend, mingle \ blende Townl. 225 ; blonde 
ipret.) Gaw. 1361; blent (pple.) D. TrOv 
3493. 

blenk, see blenoh. 

blenken, see blendhen and bUnken. 



blfttgien. 

bl6o, sb., O.E. bieo, blCoh, bl&>, Af.Du. blie, 
OJ^ris. blie, bll, O.L.G. bll ».y colour, cam- 
piexion, Marh. 9; SPEC 33; feirc on bleo 
.MISC. 95 ; hit . . . change)) his bleo trkat. 
139; bleo, bio 0.&N. 151, 1547; bleeOCTAV. 
(H.)So; bright of blee Egl. 33 ; ble GEN. & 
EX.4J7; WiLi,3o83; A. P. i. 313; TOWNL. 
333 ; blie Shor. 103 ; blSoa {gen^ FRAG. 3 ; 
ones bles GEN. & zx. 1725. 

[bier, sb.,=(;^. blerr; soreness 0/ eyet.\ 
bler-ei}ed, adj., c/. L.G. tdeer-oged ; blear- 
eyed; blereyed ' /i>^/iu ' PR. P. 39 ; vocssj; 
blcreijed WiCL. lev. ui. 20; blereigbed 
Langi, Bvi'\\, 334. 

bl^ren, v., cf. Swed. blira, plihi ; blear {the 
eyes) ; blink, wink ; blere Rich. 370B ; P. 41 ; 
Jit schal i blere here ie Cu. C. T. ^4049; 
I bleri rel. 11. sii ; ^u blerest nojt so min 
eje Fer. 507 ; bUred (pret.) Langl. A 
PROL. 71 ; blerid 5. S. (Wr.) 3953 ; bUied 
(Ppie.)R.R.3gi2; Gaw. 963. 

bl&ren [P blerenj, v., protrude the tongue : 
grin on him and blere PR. C 3336 ; with bi 
tunge on folk ^u bleere H. v. 60 ; bUrlde 
(pret.) D. Arth, 782. 

bldri, adj., bleared: bleri \v.r. blcred] eien 
Langu Cvii. 198. 

blfiB, see bWe. 

bleBObiJi, v.,c/.M.Du. bleschen (? • belescben), 
O.L.C. Icskian, O.H.G. lescan j fvench, 'ex- 
tinguo; PR. P. 39 ; blissen GEN. & EX. 553 ; 
and ¥is tier blesscde 3803. 
Ueeoblnge, sb., quenching, 'exlinctio' PR. 
P- 39- 

blese, set blaae, 

bleeznio, v., from O.N. bl£sma {maris appe- 
tens) ; desire the ram, catu. 34* ; bUamed 
(pple.) PS. btrvii. 70. 

bleaeen, j«f blesohin. bleaaien, M«bletalen. 

blert, see bUtot. blet, see bltat. 

bUten, see blAten. 

bldtcden, v., O.E. bletsian, bledsian, blxdsian; 
from blSd. orig, meaniHg ^sprinkle with 
blood', see Angl. 111. 156 ; bless; {printed 
blecsien) fraG. 7; bletsei^en La;. 32157; 
blescien HOM. 1. 315 ; blessi Misc. 55 ; blecen 
HOM. I. 57 ; blessen, blissen Ch. C. T. A 3448 ; 
bllsse LUD. Cov. 50 ; bleaoeS (pres.) HOM. 1. 
137; blesH (imper.) an. ut. 7; blcsce (« 
. . . mid te eadie rode tocne A. R. 390; 
bletaede (pret.) Mk. viii. 7; blessede Rob. 
338 ; heo blescede hire Marh. 17 ; bliscede 
gen. & EX. 1546; & blessed so wib his brijt 
bront aboute Will. 1192; blesseden Wiu- 
196; bletteedd (pple.) Orm. 4826; bledsed 
HOM. 11.35; blessed SPEC 83 ; blissed Hav. 
3873; and wolde have blissid (stricken) him 
Mt Rich. 546 ; his blissede zone ayenb. 87 ; 
comp. }ft-bl««slen. 
bleawd-ful,adj.,/M//0/j/»ji'«£-; bl(i)ssidfid 
C M. 11334 ; blestful M. E. D. 917. 



bldtsien. 



blissieou 



77 



blMsed-hfid, sb., biessedmss^ s. a. L. 82 ; 
blissedhede ayenb. 97. 

UeMdd-li, adv., blessedly^ WiCL. GEN. xxx. 
10; bloMedloourre (comp.) Ed. 271 i. 

bMUitng, sb., 0,E. bletsung ; blessings Orm. 

10661; blessunge hom. I. 71 ; a. r. 154; 

bkssinge La). 13261; blissinge ayenb. 97; 

blisdng GEN. & EX. 1532. 
bldlSy see bldatS. 
bleu, adj., O.Fr. bleu ; blue^ c L. 712 ; CM. 

9920 (sub^ ; blew PR. p. 41 ; Trist. 2404 ; 

Alis. 5272; Gow. III. 158; Ch. C. t. E 

2219 ; bteu as inde Mand. 48 ; blewe askes 

Langl. Civ. 125. 

bldven, see bi-lAlbn. 

bliand, sb., 0,Fr. bliaut, L.Lat, blialdus ; a 
sort of rich stuffs or garment made of it ; 
bliband Trist. 410 ; bkaunt Gaw. 1928. 

bliohening, sb., mildew^ Palu i. 827. 

blie, see Udo. 

bUken, v., 0,E. bllcan, « 0,N. bllkja, fret, 
bleik, M.H,G, blTcben ; grofiupale : his lippes 
shulle bliken rel. I. 65; comp, a-bliken; 
deriv, blAo. 

bli]den» v., OM. h\\}aL^^ M,H,G, bliqken; 
shinej gieam, La^. 27360: schal blikien 
schenre )>en )^ sunne A. R. 362 ; hire bleo 
blikie^ (for blike|>) so briht SPEC 52 ; bli- 
kinde (ppie.) Marh. 13; blikede (pret,) 
Kath. 2396 ; blikked Gaw. 429. 

bliknen, v., O.N. blikna ; glitter; grow pale : 
bliknande perles A. P. ii. 1467 ; |>enne blikned 
\t, ble ii. 1759. 

blin, sb., 0,E, blinn; for *bi-linne; ces^ 
sationi widuten blin c M. 942; wit-outen 
blin 881, 1897. 

blind, adj., 0,E, blind, = OJL.G. Wind, O.N. 
blindr, Goth, blinds, O.H,G, plint, blint; blindy 
Orm. 1859; Bek. 1695; sum blind mon o. 
& N. 1237; )>e blinde man Gow. II. 210; 
bltndne (ace. m,) hom. I. i i i ; aenne blindne 
Mk. viii. 22 ; ]>es blinden. hand 23 ; blinde 
(//.) Kath, 1062 ; blindere (gen. pi.) Mat. 
XV. 14 ; comp. st&re-blind. 

blind-feUen, v., strike blind, put out the 
eyes; blindfold \ PR. P. 40 : baun |>u bin eien 
blindfellie (subj.) A. R. 106; bliodftUede 
ipret.) A. R. 106 ; MISC. 45 ; blindfisld 
(pple.) struck blindy c. M. 19615; blinfeld, 
blinded, Man (H.) $4- 

blind-foUunge, sb., blindfolding, a. r. 188. 

blin>h§de, sb., blindness, Hamp. ps. xcvi. 2. 

blind-b^arven, v., blind by spinning round: 
his e^en weore blint^harveid (ppie,) c L. 
1146. 

blindlunge, adv., « O.H.G. blintilingo; 
blindly, Marh. 15. 

blindnesse, sb., 0,E. blindness ; blindness, 
PR. P. 40 ; WiCL. 4 RINGS vi. 18 ; blindnisse 
Mk. iiL 5. 



blind-worm, sb.,^ Swed. blindorm ; blind- 
worm, voc. 223. 

blindin, v., cf. OJ\l., O.Fris. blinda, Goth. 
gablindjany O.H.G. plinden, blinden; make 
blind, PR. P. 40 ; s. S. ( Wr.) 2994 ; blindi}> 
(pres.) WiCL. s. w. I. 379 ; n. v. 92 ; comp. 
a-bltnden. 

blink, %h.,^Dan., Swed. blink; glimpse i \t 
leste ^oghte ]iat of godenesse hadde ani 
blinke H. s. 4449 ; blinkoe (pL) test. Cres. 
226. 

blink, see blench. 

blinkenyV.,^/?!^. blinken (pret. blonk), Swed. 

blinka (pret. blinkade), f>€m. blinke (pret. 

blinkede), modEng. blink; shine, look at; 

before bi i^en hit blenkiii (ffor blinkes) 

(pres.) Haluw. 185 ; blenked (pret). Gaw. 

yifg ; qvenne be balefulle birde blenked on 

his blod ANT. Arth. xlii ; deriv. blano. 
blinnen, v., O.E. blinnanj^ *bi-linnan,» 

O.H.G. pilinnan ; cease, Orm. 4505; Misc 195 ; 

blinnen, blinne GEN. & ex. ^89, 1963; blinne 

Rob. 302 ; Will. 55 ; p. s. 212 ; mir. pu 3 ; 

belinne Gam. 557 ; blinneth (pyes.) Hav. 

329; blan (pret.) Fer. 1626; Iw. 178; Degr. 

1 1 17; AV. Arth. Iviii; blann Orm. 14565; 

blunne (ms. blinne, r. w. sunne) Hav. 2670. 

bUnminge, sb., cessation, Kath. 1694. 

blisohen, see bluscben. 

blismen, see blasmes. 

bliflse, sb., O.E. bliss, bll^s; from blitSe; bUss, 
joy [*gaudium'], Lk.xv.io; hom. 1. 7; Kath. 

1723 ; A. R. 192 ; Orm. 719; gen. & ex. ii ; 

Bek. 689; spec 61 ; Gow. II. 145 ; blisse, blis 

0. & n. 420, 1280; blis spec 60; Alis. (Web.) 
2638 ; Trist. 2166 ; Ch. C. t. ^33 ; blisse 
wes on daie LA3. 858 ; mid muchelere blisse 
2100 ; to ^re blisse misc 37 ; blisse (//.) 
R. s. V (misc. 170) ; blissen [blisses] La^. 
9027 ; blissen A. R. 192 ; blissene (gen. pi.) 
an. lit. 96. 

blis-fUl, adj., blissful, HOM. I. 191 ; Kath. 
1879; Will. 1055 ; Ch. C. t. A 17; blisvol 
ayenb. 148; )>eblisfiLlle (pL) tidinge hom. 

1. 77 ; blisfulle songes Laj. 9539. 

blisfid-hdde, sb., blessedness, PR. c 7836; 
CM. 6852; blisfulhed Hamp. ps. i. i. 

blid\i(l)-liobe, adv., blissfully^ a. R. 40 ; 
blisvolliche ayenb. 94; 

blisfulnesse, sb., blissfulness, Ch. Boet. 
iv. 2 (113). 

blissieny v., O.E. blissian, bll|>sian; mcike 
^PPy \ °c i^^i n^n inon . . . blissien him mid 
|)isse wordle ^gaudere cum saeculo *] HOM. I. 
33 ; blissien mire du3e¥e Laj. 19041 ; blissen 
HOM. II. 93 ; Orm. 444 ; bliscen A. r. 360; 
ich wiht . .• . blisseb hit hwanne ich cume o. & 
N. 435 ; blissie (subf) hom. I. 105 ; blisse 
O. & N. 478 ; )>ah 5e blissen ow j?rof Kath. 
848; ]>u havest blissed (pple.) min(e) soule 
hom; IL 71 ; comp. ^e-blissien. 



78 



bUsBien. 



bUssien, see UeMen. 

blister, sh.,=M.Du. bluister; blisler, Ml, 

C. M. 6011 ; bllfltrea [pi.) fl. & leAF 40B. 
bliCe, adj., O.E. bIrtSe, = O.L.C. btfBi, bllthi, 

O.A'. blfi!r, Coih. blci>s, O.^.a blldi ; blithe, 

glad, cheerful, Kath. 1879 ; A. R. 348 ; bli¥e 

and fagen GEN. & ex. 1343 ; bliVe [blibe] La;. 

13791 b1i)ie Orh. 668; o. & N. 416; Rob. 

1 14 ; Hav. 651 ; AVENB. 87 ; Alis. 443 ; bli^ 

bode ihc ^ bringe ass. 104 ; blibe stoaes 

Gaw. 162 ; bli]>e, blithe Ch. C. t. ^ 846 ; mi 

blithe fader d. Trov 3341 ; blive Reu I. 48 ; 

bliSra (compar.) frag. 6 ; La;. 2537 ; ich 

am |>e bli)iure o. & n. 1108 ; bHnst {superl.) 

La). 31U7- 
bliSe-Uoha, adv., 0^. bll¥ellce; bUthefy, 

A. R. 68 ; bli>e)icbe Brd. 5 ; bluVeliche hom. 

1. 3t; La;. 3304; bll^iche, blc]>eli Will. 

819, 1144; ble^liches. s. (Web.) 503; blilw- 

tike Orm. 935; bli)>eli Man. (H.) 163; 

bUCelitker (tompar.) h. m. 3. 
WiS»-m6d,adj., O-f. bll¥em6d ; of cheerful 

mood, La;. 39701. 
bU)>eiieww, sb., 0£. bll^iess, O.H.G. blld- 

nissa; blitkenenyjoy, BOET. ii. 3 (37). 
bUt>e, sb.,=O.A'. bll¥a; joy, a. p. i. 354; 

L. C. C, 36, 
bli)>o-Ai]. adj., joyfiil, PS. ciii. 34* ; c. M. 

17887. 
bUthin, v., O.N. bllTa, = O.L.G. binhon, 

O.H.G. bllden; make blithe, * exhilaro,' PR. 

P. 40 ; blith{e) C H. 17870 ; bUthld {pret.) 

DEP. K. ii). 94. 
\iViT6, see under-at 
bid, see bit. blobnre, see blubber, 
bido, see bUc. 
bifid, sb., O.E. blod, •= OX.G., O.Frts. blod, 

O.N. bias, Golh. bio}., OJ/.C. bluot, pluot ; 

blood, o. & N. 1137; fat blod Laj. 33973; 

Orh. 1770 ; Rob. 173 ; Sarra &t faire blod 

GEN. & EX. 1192; ^t blod avenb. 3i8 ; 

blod, blood Ch. C. t. A 635 ; blood WiCL. 

John vI. 54; blud Iw. 3071; blfid«a swot 

swea/ of blood A. R. 360; blodes flod Orm. 

15516; bl5de (dat.) HOM. I. 87; AYEWB. 

107; heo were of on(e) blode ROB. 15 ; camp. 
beorte-blAd. 

bifid-bend, sb., ligature for stopping bleed- 
ing, A. R. 430 ; T-RIST. 3308. 

blfid-gute, sb., 0£. blfidgyte; bloodshed- 
ding. La;. 630. 

bifid-hoimd, sb., bloodhound. Will. 3183; 
blodhond, d. Arth. 3640. 

blood-irln, sb., O.H.G. pluolisam ; lancet, 
fleam, PR. Y. 40. 

bl6d-16«. adj., O.E. blodleas; bloodless, 
Kath. 251. 

biad-18i. sb., letting of blood, Trev. VI. 115. 

blfid-lfiten, adj., cf O.N. bIo¥latinn ; having 
been bled ; blodletene (men) a. r. 360. 



bldsme. 

bl&d-Utera, sb., bloodletter, voc. 311 
blodelater 195. 

blfid-lMuBce, sb., blood-letting, a. R. 1 14 
blodleting HOM. 1. 383. 

biad-rtod, adj., O.E. blfidrfad; blood-red 
of blodrede scarlet Rob. 313. 

blfid-rfino. sb., O.E. blSdryne, - O.Fris. 
blodrene; issue of blood, hom. I. 307. 

blfid>Hedinse, sb., bloodshedding, Rob. 
548. 

blSd-strtam, 3b.,=(7£r. blutstrom; stream 
of blood; blSdatrtmes (pi.) La;. 28359. 

blood-voabere, sb., bloodsucker, Trev. IV. 
343- 

blfid-awfittmge, sb., blood-sweoHng, HOM. 
I. 307. 

bWSd-irtte. sb., 0£. blSdwlte; fine for 
bloodshedding, ^ quite de sane espandu,* REL. 
I- 33- 

bldd-wr6kei!«, sb., avenger of blood; bkrad- 
wreker Jos. xx. 5. 

blOd-wurt, 3b.,—Af.//.G. bluotwure; blood- 
wort, REL. I. 36; blodwerte leechd. III. 
3M- 

blddede, pple., stained with blood, Laj. 
36811. 
bldde;ien, blddeoben, v., 0.£. (gc)bldde- 

?;ian,=O.A''.b!o¥ga; render bloody; hlS^lia 
subj.) A. R. 418 ; comp. bl-bl9de;lan. 
blodi, adj., O.E. blodig, = 01..G. blodag, 
O.N. bloSugr, O.H.G. pluotag ; bloody, a. R. 
113; SFEC.63; AYENB. 46; PR. 0.5261 ;bi his 
blodie swote hom. I. 307 ; blodie veldes La). 
36S11. 
blddiqc, sb., bla^k pudding; bloodingai 

{pi.) TOWNL. 89. 

blok, sb., O.Fr. Ufx,=Af.t)u. bloc, O.H.G. 

bloch n. (cippus), piloch n. (clausura) ; / block, 

' Iruncus, codex,' pr. f. 4p; L. H. R. 141 ; a 

blok (inclosed space) as brod as a halle A. P. 

iii. 272 ; blookes {pi.) Gow. I. 314; blokkes 

s. & c. 1 1. Ixvi. 
blokien, see bl&klen. 
blome, sb., O.N. bl6mi,= O.L.G. blomo, Gotk. 

bloraa, O.If.G.\Aaomo; from 'b\6'wva% bloom, 
fiower, ^flos; PR. P. 40 ; Orm. 10773 ! Hav. 

63 ; H. V. 50 ; Man. (F.) 4166 ; PS. cii. 15 ; 

Flor. 686; IsuM. 176; Townl. 5a. 
blomin, t.i^M.H.G. blomen, Af.Du. Uoe- 

n\en;bloom,^ower,'fioreo,'rB..T.^; blomen 

Orh. 10769 ; blome lud. Gov. 56 ; blfimede 

(pret.) GEN. & EX. 2061 ; blamed l, h. R. 

135- 
blono, see blMio. blonden, see bluiden. 
blonder, iMblundar. blonkfl, see blanke. 
blore, see bUdre. bidren, see blBren. 
bloae, sb., 1'=Icel. blossi ; ^me, torch, a. P, 

i. 910. 
blteme, sb., O.E. bISsma, blastma,-jl/.i:.(;., 

M.Du. blosem ; blossom, h. m. 1 1 ; spec 36 ; 



bl&Bmi. 

CH.C.T.^3324; PR.F.41; uppe bare blosme 
HOM. II. 317; blosme, bloitme Marh. 10; 
btostme a. R. 193 ; 0. & n. 437 ; rel. II. 8 ; 
{ms. blosstme) Orm. 1926; blosmen (/A) 
A. 5. 31 ; blostmen FRAG. 3 ; a. R. 276 ; blos- 
man, blostme HOU. 1. 5, 109 ; blosme Fl. 
& Bl. 394 ; blosme, blostme O. & N. 16 ; 
blostme, blostmes HOM. II. 89, 161 ; blosmes 
SPEC 45 ; Langl, S xvi. 7 ; mid blostmen 
HOM. II. 89 ; wi)i blosmen SPEC 43. 

bltemi, adj., blouomy, Ch. p. F. 183. 

bltatnm, v„ O.E, blostmianj blossom, 'floreo; 
PR. p. 40 ; blosme WiCL. PS. bcxi. 16 ; blds- 
meth {Pret.) Ch. C. t. E 1463 ; blOamede 
(prel.) Langl. B\. 140 (Wr. 375 1) ; bldsnwd 
iPpU.) R. R. loS. 

bUfltme, set blOsme. 

blot, sb., blot, Ch. C. T. /ioio; a. p.i. 781 ; 
Wott TOWNL. 106 ; ste plot. 

blote, adj., f sojft "with moisture: your blote 
hides P. L. S. xiii. 154. 

blottin, v., blot, • oblittro! pr. p. 41. 

blOUt, adj., O.N. blautr, ?= O.E. bleat ; soft : 
he maden here backes al so bbute as lure 
wombes Hav. 1910. 

blowe, sb., cf. O.H.G. bliuwan, Goth, blieg- 
van (beat) ; blow, act of striking ; bfaw 
ToWNL. 195 ; blowes {pf^ S. & C. II. be. 

bISwen, ¥.,(?.£. bio wan, ^«/.bleow,=O.Z..C 
blojan {pple. gebloid), O.H.G. pluon (Prel. 

ElQhita) ; blow, blossom ; blowe O. & N. 1 1 33 ; 
lowe REL. 1. 362 ; Rob. 352 ; blSwetS (pres.) 

HOM. 1. 193 ; A. R. 30 ; bieou [bloude] Xpret^ 

La;. 2013; blewe Ancl. III. 280; blSwe 

(/^/f.)o. &N. 1636; fo»r^. ^blfiwen ; deriv. 

bUde, bl5ma. 
blAven, see bl&wen. 
blabber, sb., mod.Eng. blubber; bubblt, 

TEST. Ores. 192 ; blobure pr. p. 40. 
blnbren, v^-^L-Cer. blubbern; bubblt up; 

blutoeuide ipfle.) a. p. ii. 1017; bloberond 

D. Trov 9642; )>e borne blubred (pret.) 

Gaw. 2174- 
[bl^n, v., O.E. blygan, = M.H.G. blOgen, 

bliugen ; terrify; cemp. a-blujen.] 
blunder, sb., blunder, Gaw. iS ; blundur 

Flor. 1330 ; blunder, blonder Townl. 30, 

98. 
blandren, v., blunder: we blimdrea [blond- 

ren] Ch. C. t, G 670 ; thou blondirs bi selfcr 

D. Arth. 397S ; blondringo {pp/e.) Trev. 

11.169- 

bltmderer, sb., blunderer, pr. p. 40, 
blunderinga, sb., blundering, PR. P. 4a 
blimt, adj., blunt, ' Aebes,' PR. P. 41 ; a. p. i. 

176 ; blunt & blind Orm. 16954. 
blunten, v., Tstagger; he blunt(e) in a bloc 

a. p. iii. 272. 
Uure, sb., f blister, swelling; grete loppii 

ouere all }>is londc }ti flye, that with byiing 



bdo. 



79 



makis mekiU blare York xi. 394 (Towml. 

blowre) ; so mani thus broght i on blure 

(r. w. cure) Townl, 310. 
blusob, sb., blusM, Jos. 657 ; Gaw. 520. 
blJiBChen, v., O.E. blyscan (rutilart) (MON'E 

'^^^), = M-L.C. bloschen {candere, rubere) 

(Schiller I. 363) ; blush, ikine forth, cast a 

glance ; bliaohia [pres.) Alex. 872 ; blusch- 

ande {ppie.) Gaw. 1819 ; bliwobed (pret.) 

A. P. i. 979 ; blushit the sun D. Trov 466J ; 

the king bliscbit on the berin D. Artu. 116 ; 

blushed red CT. love 1199. 
bliising, sb., from O.E. blysian (to blate).= 

Sv/ed. biysa \to shine, Kietz 42); blating: 

the blising of the cole Ber. 561. 
bliisnen, v., = shine ; blunuuide, blisnande 

ipple.) A. P. i. 163, 1404 ; blluwd (prtt.) i. 

1047. 
Unstren, v., rush wildly about ; blustored 

(prtt:) A. P. ii. 886; blustreden Langl. j?v. 

S3I. 

bo, see bijen. 

boban, -ant, sb., O.Fr. boban ; pomp ; so 
prout he is and of so great boban GUY 2816 ; 
the bobant of the worlde k. L. 38. 

bobance, sb., O.Fr. bobance; pomp, ostenia' 
Hon, p. L. s. xii. 45 ; bobance, bobaunce 
Ch. C. T. Z) 569 ; bobaunce P.S.189; Will. 
107L 

bobbe, sb., bob, bunch, Gaw. 306 ; a bob of 
cheris Townl. 118 ; bobbla (pi.) of grapes 
Halliw. 190. 

bobbe, sb., cf. Dan. bobbe, Swed. bobba 
(buprestis) ; some kind of insect : spiders, 
bobbs, and lice Halliw. 190, 

bobbin, v., cf. Swed. bobba (knock against, 
RiETZ 44)1 bob, L. h. r. 179;. bobbende 
ipple.) 'illudentes' WiO- 3 Esdr, i. 51; 
bobbed (pret:\ s. s. (Web.) 2246 ; bobbiden 
REL. II. 4S ; bobbed (ppie.) H. v. 126,; 
bobbid LiDG. M. P. a6i. 

bobet, sb., slap, box on the ear, 'colaphus,' 
PR. P. 41 ; see buffet. 

bobetin, v., slap, 'colaphizo,' PR. P. 41. 

bdo, sb., O.E. boc, pi. bcc (cognate with hoc, 
a bceck-tree), cf O.N. bok, pi. bcekr, Goth. 
boka (ypi/ifia), */. bokos / {tUSkn), O.Fris. 
bok, pi. boka, bok / «., O.L.G. bok, pi. bok 
n. f, M.L.G. bok «., O.H.G. puoh, buoh, 
buochj^/.puobn.y book, Orm. 599 ; SPEC4I j 
beos boc Laj. 101 10; a. r. 12; Jia boc ' /» - 
brum ' LK. iv. 17 ; one boc A. R. 54 ; )iissere 
boc (earlier text bee) FRAG. 1 ; boc, bok 
O.&N.132S; )ris boc, bokAYENB. 1,42; bok, 
buk PR. C 51, 336; beoh, [O.E. bSc] (dat.), 
Lk. iii. 4 ; on lives bee MISC. 71 ; bfech Mk. 
i. 2 ; on )>ere boc hom. 1. 89 ; leomi bute boc 
learn without book (learn fy heart) MISC 99 ; 
boke Ch. C. T. £ 190 ; ^t tared was o boke 
Orm. 8933; buke Iw. 1947; bSo (nom. ace. 
pi.) FRAG. 8 ; HOM. I. loi ; bsec, boc [bokes] 



So 



b6c. 



beef. 



La)* 53> 7^3 ; MkM Orm. $8ii ; in owre 
bokes {/or boken) Kath. 839 ; b5ken (dot. 
pi.) LA3. 6398 ; on boken frag. 6 ; hom. I. 

1 13 ; lered on . . . boken GEN. & EX. 4 ;* in 
boke O. & N. 350. 

b5k-binder» sb., bookbinder^ D. Troy 

1589. 

b5o-f!9l,»sb., O.E. hocfdl,^ O.H.G. puohfel; 
parchmentf La). 50 ; Marh. 33. 

bdo-hlUy sb.y O.E, bdchus; librofy; bdo- 
house (da/,) ayenb. i. 

boo-ilftred, adj., book-leamed, LA3. 16915; 
bokilered REL. I. 170 ; boklered A. P. ii. 

I5SI. 

boo-leden, sb., O.E, bodaeden ; book Latin, 
HOM. I. 107. 

b5o-leomed, adj., book-leanud: boke-lornut 
birnus ant. Arth. Iv. 

bdo-ldre, sb., O.E b5c-llur ; book-Uiorning, 
HOM. II. 155. 

b5o-rQne, sb., letter^ La^. 4496. 

b5oHBpel, sb., tale in a book, La). 17487. 

b5o-sta( sb., 0,E, bocstaef,*= OJV. bokstafr, 
O.H.G. buohstab ; letter, Orm. 4308 ; bdo- 
■taven (^/.) La^ 7637* 
[bdo, sb., 0,E. b6c, « O.N. bak, O.H.G. 
buohha, mod.G. bucbe, beech.] 

bdo-mast, sh.,^M.L.G. bdkmast; beech 
mast, Halliw. 67. 

bdo-trdoWy sb., O.E. bdctrSow; beech-tree, 
^fagus^ FRAG. 3. 
bdoarOy see bdkere. 

boooheiit v., cf. M.Du. butsen, O.Fr. boucher, 
boucier; botch, patch, mend \ bocchin ['xar- 
cirent*] WiCL. 2 paral. xxxiv. 10. 

boohohare» sb., botcher, cobbler, TR. P. 42 ; 
bochoure Barb. Leg. 1. 117. 
booe, boohe, sb., O.Fr. boce, boche ; boss ; 
hump, swelling'; botch ; boce or boos of a 
booke ' turgiolum ' PR. P. 41 ; C. M. 8087 ; bos 
Ch. C. T. a 3266 ; boche botch, ^gibbus * voc. 
224 ; bohche, botche (Fbocche) * ulcus' PR, P. 
42 ; bocche WiCL. LEV. xiii. 18 ; LiDG. M. P. 
31 ; booes (//.) WiCL. Is. iii. 18 ; bocches 
Langl. ^xx. 83. 

booheTy sb., O.Fr. bochier; butcher, P. S. 192; 
Alis. 1885 ; Ch. C. t. A 2025 ; bOucher 
Langl. Cvii. '379; boohien (//.) Langl. 
^ii. 187 ; bouchers Langl. Ci. 221. 

booheriey sb., O.Fr. boucherie; butchery, 
ayenb. 64 ; OCTOV. (W.) 733. 
boohiy adj., botchy, ^gibbosus,* voa 225. 

bocin, v., swell out, project ; make to project ; 
bocyn owte ^ turgeo^ YR. P. 41; men j>at 
boosen hor breetis WiCL. s. w. III. 124; boat 
{pret.) D. Troy 3022 ; boat {pple.) 1564. 

bocle, sb., O.Fr. bocle; buckle, ^ pluscula^ 
PR. P. 41 ; SPEC. 35 ; ayenb. 236. 

booleiiy v., Fr. boucier ; buckle, bokelin, PR. 
p. 42 ; bokelinge [boding] (ppie.) Ch. C. t. 



A S583 ; buoled {pple.) PL. CR. 399 ; bocult 
ANT. Ar. xxix. 20. 

booler, sb., O.Fr. boder, buder; buckler, 
small shield, Ch. C. t. A 112; bokiar P. 
20; bookder WiCL. S. w. III. 365. 

bod, sb., O.E. hod,^ O.Fris. bod, O.N. boV, 
O.H.G. pot n.; Jrom bdoden ; message, com- 
mand, offering, invitation, La^. 8510, 23407 ; 
a m. 4096 ; ^t ilche bod MISC. 142 ; bode 
^nuncium' PR. p. 41; HOM. II. 213; ORM. 
5355; GEN. & ex. 395; ASS. 104; Will. 
2154; Rich. 3298; Trist. 2082; Am. & 
Amil. 1254; Man. (H.) 22; Ch. p. f. 343; 
Gaw. 1824; (ns bode Sax. chr. 38; sende 
hea8t(e) & bode {message) Kath. 48 ; bode 
{dcU.) P. L. S. viii. 131 ; A. R. 400, 416 ; PL. OR. 
716 ; for no bode {offer) of pans GREG. 438 ; 
bode {pi.) HOM. L 57; II. 209; he wende 
)^t he brohte boden swi^ gode La^ 27999 ! 
comp. bi-, for-» ^, mia-bod. 

bod-word, sb.,«C>JV. bo^rt; word of 
command, message, M. H. 44 ; A. P. ii. 473 ; 
TowNL. 75 ; bodeword Orm. 7 ; gen. & ex. 
361 ; bodeword ^praeceptum ' PS. ii. 6 ; Man. 
(F.) 9810. 

bdd^i^^bftd. 

b^de, sb., O.E. hodsL,^ OJ^ris. boda, O.L.G. 
bodo, O.H.G. poto, boto m.j from bdoden ; 
messenger. Rich. 1350; b6den (//.) ^nuncios* 
Lk. ix. 52; b6den (//.) ]^angeli^ hob*. I. 
219. 

bode, see bod. bodekin, see boidekin. 
bodi, see bodi^. 

bddien, v., O.E. bodian, — OJ^ris. bodia, 
O.N. bo^ ; bode, announce, proclaim, Lk. i. 
19 ; Kath. 1481 ; he lette ... his cume 
bodien La^. 23290 ; bodian ]ia(n) soi^en ikafen 
HOM. I. 97; b6de8t {pres.) o. & N. 11 52; 
bodeji FRAG. 5 ; Gow. I. 153 ; bodie¥ A. R. 
212 ; b6diende {pple) HOM. I. 95 ; b6dede 
(pret) La^. 27123 ; bodeden, bodedan HOM. 
1* 95» 97 \ comp. ^b6dien. 
bddunge, sb.,. O.E. bodung; boding, an- 
nouncement, prediction, hom. I. 89 ; bodinge 
Rob. 428. 

bodi), sb., O.E. bodig n.,^OJ{.G. boteh, 
potah m.; body, Orm. 1555 ; bodi Laj. 4908 ; 
O. & N. 73 ; gen. & ex. 4134 ; treat. 138 ; 
Perc. 1 166; ]>et bodi A. R. 102; ayenb. 
235 ; )>e soule love|> j>e bodi so c. L. 1169 ; 
an due . . . ]>at hardi bodi was Rob. 183 ; 
bodiea {gen.) H. M. 35 ; bodie (^i^s/.) HOM. I. 
209 ; ayenb. 72 ; fat me hire heavet . . . 
totwemde from^fie bodie Marh. 19 ; bodies 
{pL) Kath. 1444. 

bodi^lioh, sb., body, Orm. 16294. 

bod^-lioh^adj., bodily, ayenb. 72; bodiliohe 
(//.) workes 212; bodili c. M.428; bodiliohe 
{cuiv.) PL. CR. 619. 

boef, bef, sb., O.Fr. boef, buef, beuf, mod.Eng. 
beef; ox, beef, Ch. C. t. D 1753 ; bcof s. a, L. 



bd3- 



boket. 



8x 



156; p. S. 334; bcfp. 435 beef Alis. 5248 ; 
bouf Will. 1849; ^^^^ PR* p* ^- 
bd), sb., 0,£. bog, boh (arm, bough)y^O,N. 
b^gr {arm, bow of a ship), MjDu, boech, 
OJ{,G. buog {arm), Gr, irriw, mod^Eng, 
bough, bow (of a shifj ; not tulied to bO^en, 
bnU to Sanskr, bahu-s (arm) ; arm, bough, bow 
of a ship', o. & N. 242; AYENB. ij \ bog 
GEN. & EX. 608; bogh IW. 392; TRIAM. 

410; bou^ Brd. 9 ; bou) or braunche {^ramus*'\ 
WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 32 ; bouh P. s. 341; j>e 
bouh hwon he ad^ideV a. R. 150; bough 
Ch. C. t. a 1980 ; bou s. s. (Wr.) 610 ; boje, 
bdwe (dot,) o. & N. 15, 125 ; he is under wude 
bo^ Horn (L.) 1227; bd^ea (pi.) ayenb. 
17 ; boshes Orm. 10002 ; bowes rbo3es] A. R. 
30; bowes Will. 23 ; bowes of wude bores D. 
Arth. 188; bowis WiCL. Mk. xi. 8; boes 
ANT. Arth. iii ; hughes PR. C. 680 ; bdgen 
(dot. pL) Mat. xiii. 32 ; bo3e, bowe O. & N. 
616. 

b5u-line, sb.,sO.A^. boglfna, M.Du. boech- 
lijne; bowline, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bdu-Bpr§t, sh.,—M,Du, boechspriet; bow- 
sprit, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bd^Oy sb., 0,E, boga-s=d?./>xf. boga, OJ.,G., 
OM.G. bogo, OJw. bogi ; from bli^en ; bow 
{for shooting) ; arch ; ayenb. 45 ; boge GEN. 
& EX. 483; enne bo^e, bowe La^. 1453, 
6471 ; bowe frag. 6; a. r. 250; bowe Rob. 
16; Ch. C. t. Aid', bowe [bouwe] ^for- 
nicem* WiCL. prov. xx. 26; seint ^farie 
cHerche at J>e bowe [*de arcubus*] Trev. VIII. 
153 ; comp, el", z^in-, aadel-bdje ; deriv. 
bow^ere. 

b6we-draught, sb., the distance a bow will 
carry; a bowedraughte Mand. 240; bow- 
draucht Barb. vi. 58. 

b6w(e)-]nan, sb., bowman, Rob. 378. 

bdwe-sohote, sb., bow-shot^ Aus. 3491. 

boge, see bulge. 

b^exiy v^ f 0,E. bdgan (jactare) ; utter, tell 
of', the minde of the abundaunce of thi swet- 
nesse ^i shul bowen out \^ erudabunt^] 
WiCL. PS. cxliv. 7. 

boggiflohy adj., boastful, * tumidus,* PR. P. 42. 
boggische-li, adv., boastfully, *tumide,* PR. 
P. 42 ; bogeisliche WiLL. 1707. 

tK^exiy s,,—MJL,G,, M.Du. bogen; bow, bend, 
turn away ; bo^e (? »bou^e) A. P. i. 196 ; 
bo^e fro [»is benche Gaw. 344 ; bowin ^flecto, 
curve, tnclino ' PR. P. 46 ; bowe S. S. 
(Wr.) 2536; b6^ed i^et.) Gaw. 481 ; David 
bowide fro ]>e face of Saul [' declinavit David 
a fade Saul*] WiCL. I RINGS xix. 10; bo- 
weden here hedes Mand. 235 ; summe 
beouweden speren La^. 22297 ; iboued 
(PPle.) treat. 139 ; comp, a-bo^en. 

hd^etif v., OJ^.bogian, « 0,Fris, bogia ; dwell', 
bugian heou (r. hou) longe wult )»u bo^ie (ms. 
beojie) abttten ^ssere bui^ La). 29233; 



Brennes ber bojede (sec, text abod) 5974; 
heo ^ iso^eden )« wile ]« heo luveden 

7903. 
boglen, v., boggle\ bogelid (pple^ Haluw. 

959. 

bo^-sam, adi,,cf\Mxwaxv\. ondM.Du. boogh« 
saem (fUxiole)', obedient, ayenb. 59 ; bousom 
Iw. 1155 ; PR. c. 85 ; boxom M. H. 54. 

bo^Mun-liohe, obediently, ayenb. 70 ; bux- 
umlier (comp,) Will. 723. 

bo^Bamneaie, sb., obedience^ ayenb. 33 ; 
bdcsomnesse Rob. 234. 

bo^, sh,,^Du, bogt, Dan,, Swed, bugt; from 
bH^en ; bending ; bought ToR. $58 ; of ^se 
bou^t was heore croune Alis. 4712 ; see bi^t. 

boated, adj., vaulted', hit watz . . . bo^ed on 
Ime A. P. iiL 449. 

beetling, %h,, from bAggen; one ransomed', 
boghtllnges (pL) c. m. 17262. 

boidekin, bodekin, sb., bodkin, dagger; 
* subucula,. perforatorium,* PR. P. 42; boide- 
kin Ch. C. t. A 3960. 

hoiefSh,,^ M,Du, boeve, t M,H,G, buobe (see 
Gr. wb. II. 457) ; boy (ms, boie), HORN (L.) 
1075 ; s. s. (Web.) 960 ; Will. 464 ; Langl. 
A PROL. 77; Ch. C. T. Z> 1322 ; bdi^es (gen^) 
Will. 1705 ; bdies (pL) Hay. 1899 ; Bex. 

79. 

boilOt v., 0,Fr, boillir; boil, Gow. II. 265; 
a M. 1 1 886; boile, buile * scatere* WiCL. 
EXOD. xvi. '20 ; boilixide (pifle.) LEG. 164 ; 
boiland s. S. (Web.) 2460; boilinge WiCL. 
Is. Ivii. 21 ; boillede (pret,) Marg. 247 ; 
boilid (pple,) L. C C 43. 
boiling, sb., boiling, WiCL. S. w. II. 202 ; 
builing Jonah i. 15. 

boilomiysb., ^./r.boillon; bubble, boilouns 
(pL) s. s. (Web.) 2488. 

boinardy sb., 0,Fr, buinard; simpleton^ an. 

LIT. 9; DEP. R. ii. 164. 
boiste, sb., 0,Fr, hoists (boite) ; box, * pyxis,* 

PR. P. 42 ; Ch. C. t. C 307 ; boiste [host] 

c M. 14003; hoist Iw. 1835; Mand. 85; 

buist Gow. II. 247; bouste Barb. leg. I. 

124 ; bustes, boistes (pi) A. R. 226. 
boiBtoaBy adj., rough, clumsy, boisterous, 

JARB. XIII. 176; Trev. II. 311; Alis. 

5660; Ch. C. t. ^211 ; Lidg. m. p. 91 ; 

boistois AYENB. 103 ; buistous ^ rudis * WiCL. 

Mat. ix. i6. 
boiatoua-liohe, adv., boisterously, Trev. II. 

147; boistousli Ch. C. T. £"791; Ber. 134, 

163. 
boky see bdo. 
bokeraniy sb., OJ*'r, bouqueran ; buckram, p. 

p. II. 171 ; PR. P. 42 ; bougeren ayenb. 258. 

bdkere, sb., 0,E, hdctn,^Goth, bokareis, 
0,H,Q, buochari ; scribe [* scriba '], Mat. viii. 
19 ; bdoares (pl^ La^. 32125. 

boket, sb.| bucket, 'situla^* pr« p. 42 ; rel. I. 



Sz 



bdkien. 



bone. 



9; Ch. C. t. a 1533; bucket a M. 3306; 
buket QUAiR 70. 

bdkien, v., 0.E, bocian; dooJt; boke Gow. I. 
3; ibdked (ms. ibocked) A. R. 158; Gow. 

III. 3'9- 
h6lf sb., Gr, fimXot; Me; boole armoniak 
{astringent earth), CH. C. T. G 790. 

b6l9 sb., 0,N, boh,^ MJ)u. bol; tree trunk; 
b61e (dat.) Caw. 766; A. P. iL 622; hdHes 
(pL) Halliw. 193. 

b61e-ax, sb.j 0.N, bol6x ; axey rel. II. 176 ; 
bulaxe Orm. 9281 ; boleaziB (>/.) OCTOV. 
(W.) 1039. 

bul-rlBohey sb., bulrush, PR. P. 244. 

bol-werk, sb.,=J/.Z.C7., M,Du. bolwerk; 
bulwarkj LiDG. M . P. 237. 

bolaoe, sb., 0,Fr, beloce; bullace; bolaoes 
(pL) voc 162 ; Will. 1809. 

b61d, sb., 0,E, bold, =(9wFm. bold «. ['^O.E. 
botlj ; house, HOM. 1. 253 ; LA3. 7094 ; Kath. 
1664; Misc 96; Rob. 116; REL. II. 217; 
b61de« (//.) Jul. 72 ; LEB. JES. 830 ; Map 
343; bdlde (gen. pi.) La^. 25882; comp. 
b^-, burSe-Mld. 

bold, bolden* see beald, bealden. 
bole, see bule. bolge, see bulge, 
bol^en, v., f elate ; bol^eC» boluwe%, bolhes 

(Pres.) A. R. 214; ^ebol^en (pple.) Mat. 

xxvi. 8. 

bolgity see buIglK 

bolk, sb., prov.Eng. boak; belching; boULe 
(dat.) Langl. By. 397. 

bolkjn, v., }=AfX.G. bolken (mugire) ; belch, 

* ructo,* PR. P. 43 ; bolked, balked (pret.j 

Trev. II. 195; bolkcdc out [*eructavit*] 

WiCL. WISD. xix. 10. 

boUdnge, sb., belching, *eructatio,* PR. P. 

43- 
bolknen, v.,=bolkin; bolkenaiid (Jple.) 

PS. cxliii. 13. 
boUe, sb., O.E. boUa,= a/>w. bolla, O.N. 

bolli m., M.L.G., MJ)u. bolle, O.H.G. polla 
f., mod.Eng. bowl, boll; globe, boll, bowl, 

cup, voc. 199; PR. P. 43; Horn (L.) 1123 ; 

Langl. A v. 213 ; Ch. C. t. G 1210; a. p. ii. 

1 145 ; LiDG. M. P. 52 ; ]>ene bolle La^. 14994 ; 

a bolle with meede Trev. VII. 528 ; )>e bolle 

of )>e popi Halliw. 193 ; boUen [bolles] (//.) 

La^. 1 978 1 ; TREAT. 138; comp. obdae-, flax-» 

)>rote-bolle. 
bolle, sb., f O.N. bolli ; measure for grain, 

Barb. iii. 211. 
boUen, w.,^Du. bollen ; f strike : whiche man 

. . . boiled (pret.) J>e Halliw. 193. 
bollen, v., f/or bolnin ; bolle)> (pres.) Langl. 

Aw. 99; bollinge (v. r. bolnande) c M. 

601 1 ; iswolle and iboUed Trev. I. 299 ; 

bollid [v. r. bolnid] [' injlati'] WiCL. i COR. 

V. 2. 
bollen, see under bellen. 



bollere, sb., drunkard Vganeo% Trev. IIL 

359 ; boUani (pi.) Townl. 242. 
boiling, sb., //2?r bolning; Langl. A vii. 304. 
bolnin, y.,'^Dan. bolne, OJ^. bolgna; swell, 

' tumeo,* PR. p. 43 ; bolne (pres.) Gaw. 512 ; 

TowNL. 197 ; al mi bodi bolneth Langl. B v. 

119 ; bolnes Hamp. ps. i. 5* : bolnand (Pple.) 

a M. 6011 ; bolnede (pret.) Man. (F.) 8204 ; 

bolned a. p. ii. 363; bolned (pple.) c M. 

4726 ; York xlvi. 45 ; bolnid WiCL. i COR. v. 2. 
bolning, sb., swelling, Langl. ^vi. 218; 

c M. i2oi83; M. H. 130; bolninge ^turner* 

PR. P. 43 ; voc 224. 

bolBter, sb., O.E. bolster, « O.N. bolstr, 
O.H.G. bolstar; bolster, Mk. iv. 38 ; bolstir 
^culcitra^ PR. P. 43; bolstar * cervical* VOC 
178 ; bolatre (dat^ frag. 6; hom. II. 139; 
R. S. v; L. H. R. 210. 

bol-8trau^t, adj., f/or bolt-atrau^t ; pro^ 
sfrate, WILL. 1852. 

bolstren, v., <= Ger. bolstem, polstem ; bolster ; 
bolaterid (pple.) Lidg. m. p. 200. 

bolt, sb., O.E. bolt (cross-bow bolt),^OJf.G. 
bolz m., polz (catapult),^ M.Du. bolt (headed 
arrow) ; bolt (arrow), bolt (of a door), rel. !• 
183 (misc 128); p. L. S. xix. 54; A.D.291 ; LUD. 
Cov. 136; here bolt is sone ischote s. S. (Web.) 
989 ; upright as a bolt Ch. C. t. A 3264. 

bolt, adv., bolt upright, Pall. i. 967. 

bolten, v., bolt: bolted (pple.) with iren 
Langl. ^vi. 138. 
bomblen, see bumblen. 
bommen, see bnmbin. 

bon, adj., O.Fr. bon ; good, ToR. 2143 ; boon 
Rich. 1540. 

bon, see bune. bon, see bftn. 

bonohef, sb., O.Fr. bon (good), chef (head) ; cf, 
meaohief ; good luck, happiness, Gaw. 1764 ; 
boonchief Trev. I. 87^ 

bonchen, see bunohen. bond, see band. 

bond&ge, sb., med.Lat. bondagium ; bondage^ 
Trev. I. 389 ; Man. (H.) 71. 

bonde, sb., O.E. bonda, bunda, » M.L.G. 
bunde, O.N. bondi = buandi ; husbandman,ser' 
vant, * servus,* PR. P. 43 ; MISC 77 ; P. S. 150 ; 
MiRC 1520; Ch. C. t. D 1660; H. y.77; an 
oht bonde La^. i 5291 ; bounde S. S. (Web.) 
582 ; Ar.& Mer. 691 ; bonde (pi.) misc 89 ; 
barouns, burgeis & bonde Will. 2128 ; comp. 
hfUi-bonde. 

bonde-bdde, sb., servitude, c M. 5404. 

bonde-man, sb., bondman, ^(servus) na- 
tivus; VOC 182; O. & N. 1577; Hav. 32; 
Bek. 552; Langl. Bv. 194 (W. 2859); 
bondemen ' servi^ Trev. I. 246. 

bond-Bohepe, sb., condition of a bondman^ 
PR. P. 43. 

bond-womman, sb., bondwoman, Trev. IL 

97. 
bone, see bane, bone, see bftn. 



bone. 



boTjiexL 



83 



bdne, sb., O^. bon ; k»m^ request ^ prayer^ 
HOM. I. 37; A.IU234; KATH.611; Orm. 

7606; HaV. 1659; AN. LIT. 11; BRD. 50; 

Will. 1095; s. s. (Wr.) 54)6; Gaw. 327; 
Tor. 1578 ; AV. Arth. xiii ; bidden Keos bone 

{UL. 30 ; bone, boone Ch. C. T.A 2269 ; boone 
LGL. loi; bdne {d€U.) LA3. 14912; b5ne 
(nam. pi.) AUD. 72 ; b5nen (dot. fl.) A. R. 
142; MISC63. 

bdnen, v., prt^ ; b5ne {fres.) Orm. 5223 ; 
bdned (ppU.) 694. 

bondr, adj., OJ*'r. bonnaire; gentle^ courteous : 
so boner and bewed A. P. iL 733 ; with wordes 
bonere ALIS.0732 ; sche is meke and boneire 

B. DISC 1727; to bonour with hem ]>at )k>u ne 
be B. B. 41 ; be ^u bonaire Trist. 2731. 

bonaire-Hohe, adv., courteously^ ayenb. 
'bonerli 265 ; [debonerii] c. M. 23872. 

bondmeue, sb., gentleness^ WiCL. I CCHL 
iv. 21 ; s. w. II. 357. 

bonertdy sb., gentleness : he calde me to his 
bonerte A. p. i. 761 ; of so moche bonerite 
H. s. 1927. 

bonet, sb., O.Fr. bonet ; bonnet {of a scdt)^ 
* artemoy* PR. P. 43 ; voc 268 ; dep, R. iv. 72. 

boni, sb., O.I*'r. bugne, cf. mod.E. bunion; 
swelling j' * tumor/ PR. p. 43. 

boni, adj., donny : bonie londes Alis. 3903. 

bonk, see bank, bonnieiiy see bannen. 

bor, sb., O.E. bor,= J/X.(7., OJV. bor ; gimlet 
(ms. bore), Townl. 219. 

bor, see blir. bor, see b&r. 

borace, sb., Ital. borace; borax; boras Ch. 

C. T. A 630. 

borage, sb., OJ*r. borrage ; borage, PR. P. 44; 
REL. I. 51 ; burage ' bor ago* REL. I. 37. 

bord, sb., O.E. bord n. {board, border, shield), 
cf. O.L.G., O.Fris. bord m. {board, border, 
shield), Goth, baurd n. {board), O.N. borV n. 
(board, border, shield), O.H.G. bort m. {border) ; 
board, table, shield, border, ship's side : Hav. 
1722; Bek. 691 ; Alis. 1270; Wicl. exod. 
XXV. 27 ; heo letten to somne seeiles gliden, 
bord wi% borden (r. borde) La^. 20935 ; )ns 
wes ^t ilke bord Jiat Bruttes of )elpe% 22953; 
^t hal^he bord Orm. 1096 ; ^t bord ayenb. 
167 ; as stif as eni bord P. L. S. xvii. 334 ; the 
thedf fel ovor bord Ch. C. t. ^922 ; for bord 
ne do)»ing Gioij; "burd Amad. (R.) bcvi; 
bordes {gen.) Bek. 1186 ; borde {d^it!) hom. 
I. 105 ; A. R. 142, 324 ; o. & N. 479; Gaw. 
481 ; heo seten to borde La^. 14950 ; at godes 
borde AYENB. 235 ; breken be schipes bord 
[bordes] (pi.) Jul. 78, 79 ; bordes (sec. text 
sceldes) ^r scaenden La^. 5186 ; borden {dat. 
pi.) La). 22778 ; comp, mete-, sid-, etdr-bord. 

bord-oldS, sb., tablecloth ornamented^ REL. 
1. 129 ; bordcloth E. w. loi. 

bord-knii; sb., table-knife^ VOC. 253 ; boorde- 
knife PR. P. 44. 

G 



bord-fSiawep sb., companion ; bordlbUuis 
(pi.) WiCL. JUDG. xiv. II. 

bord-ltes, adj., without a table : sitte as a 
beggar bordlas on ground Langl. Cxv. 141, 

bord-wdgh, sb., wall made of boards^ 
^ tabellatum,* voc 237. 

borde, sh.^MJ^G. borde, OJV. boi^i {carpet)^ 
OJI.G. borto ; f border; on brode siUdn biorde 
Gaw. 6ia 

bordel, sb., Fr. border ; brothel, prostitution, 
P. L. s. xxi. 92 ; Wicl. lev. xix. 29 ; bordels 
(pi.) Ch. C. t. 7885. 

bordel-ht\s, sb., brothel; boidelhous Wicl. 
£z. xvi. 24, 39. 

bordeler, sb., O.Fr. bordelier ; keeper of a 
brothel, Gow. III. 322. 

bordure, sb., Fr. bordure ; border, PR. P. 44; 
Ch. Boet. i. I (6) ; bordoure D. Arth. 421 i ; 
bowerdure (pL) D. Troy 12861. 

borduren, v., border; bordured (pple.) 
Mand. 217. 

b6re, sb., O.N. bora; bore, perforation, * fora- 
men,* PR. P. 44 ; M. H. 57 ; Trist. 2539. 

borel, see burel. 

b6rin, v., O.E. honaji,^M.Du. boren, O.N. 
bora, OJl.G. bordn; bore, perforate, PR. p. 44; 
b6re (Pres.) frag. 4 ; (heo) borie]> 6; bdrien 
{subj.) Kath. 1949 ; bdriinde (i^le.) ayenb. 
66 ; b6red (pret. ppie.) L. H. R. 203 ; ibored 
Trev. IV. 397 ; otm/. Jnirh-bdrefi. 

borj, sb., O.E. borg, hoT\i,^ M.H.G. bore; 
from ber^en; pledge, cauHon-moftey, money 
borrowed'. ^r3 bon and ^emer ^eld Shor. 
113; buten be eori Adionard . . . walde heore 
borh beon LA). 11 91 3; ^eldeV hire )arew(e) 
borh Jul. 72; borgh, boru^, boru (ms. 
borw) Langl. A iv. 76 ; borgh (ms. borghe) 
Townl. 231 ; borugh Rich. 32^9 ; borwe, 
borowe ' vas ' PR. p. 45 ; borwe (iuit.) Langl. 
^xiv. 190; i dar take god to borwe Gow. 
II. 34 ; ech of hem had leid his fai]> to borwe 
Ch. C. t. ^ 1622 ; boreges (pi.) hom. II. 17 ; 
borwes Langl. Ai. 75; Am. &.Amil. 899; 
borewes Bek. 585 ; borewis ' vades ' WiCL. 
PROV. xxii. 26 ; comp in-bor). 

borghe-gage, sb., pledge, H. S. 9576. 

borghe-gang, sb., suretyship, H. s. 9582. 

boru-hfid, sb., suretyship: pt boruheed of 
Crist WiCL. s. w. III. 10. 

borwe-schepe, sb., suretyship, PR. P. 44*. 

bor), see bur). 

borgeis, borgesie, see burgel% burgeaie. 

borueilt^v., O.E. borgian,« O.Fris. borgia, 
O.H.G. borg€n, OJil. borga, mod.Eng. borrow ; 
receive on pledge, borrow; be surety for, ran- 
som, save, preserve : to bor3e {save) him fram 
(h)arme LA3. 21268* ; borwe Aus. I243 ; Ch. 
C. T. J? 105 ; wolde borwe monei of him Trev. 
VI 1. 41 3 ; toborewen us alle he wes ibore SPEC. 
25 ; us alle from bale to borowe mi R. PL. 149 ; 



84 boTjien. 

bo^)) (pres.) AYENB. 36; bonrs [subj.) 
LamCL. ^iv. 109; ^Ccverich . . . boruwe et 
tisse vralcele worlde so lutcl so heo ever mei 
A. R. 304 ; borwvda (pre/.) Rob. 393 ; boT- 
wede, boTwed Langl. B vi. loi ; borwed 
WiLi. 170S ; borwid (fipU.) Hocci- i. 369 ; 
iborwed c. L. 8i3. 

borwKre,sb., borrower, surety, 'mutuaior, 
sponicr'tTR. p. 44. 

boiling, sb., borrowing : if ye jyuen bor- 

Xge to hem WiCL. LK. vi. 34 ; he that 
th borewing, servant is of the usurer WiCL. 

PROV.xxii.7; borwynge'mi/AM/ti»'PK.P.44; 

borewinge Ansl. IV. 198. 
borlioh, see burlioh. borne, set bnme. 
bom, torw, see bor) fwu^burj. 
borwage, sb., /rom bor; ; suretyship, PR. P. 

44- 
borwien, see borjlan. 
Ma, sb^^L-G. bos (Schutze), OJ/. bSss, 

GaiA. bansts; boose, cow-stall; host'bostar' 

voc 335; boos ' bostar, bualum' PR. P. 41. 
boeord, see biuard. boBah, see buBoh. 
bdsem, sb., O.f. bosm, bosum, =(?./.(;. bosom, 

O.H.G, buosum, buosem ; bosom, Orm. 19391 ; 

H. H. 135; bosum A. R. 146; GEN. & EX. 

3809; A. P.iii. 10;; bosom CH.C.T.^1993; 
bSnne (tiat.) hoh. 1. 53 ; ayenb. 163 ; bosme 
[bosome] Laj. 149S4 ; he ne was boren of 
wifes bosme hom. 11. 133 ; boseme a. R. 146 ; 
in Abnthames boseme sitte LBB. JES. 163; in 
his boseme he bar a thing Lancl. Bxv\. 3J4; 
bOsin«s (pi.) La;. 7849. 

bosiiie, sb., O.Fr. bosine, busine, Lai. bucina ; 
trumpet, ayenb. 137. 

boskage, sb.,0./>.bosci^; 6BScage,\tt.i6j\. 

boekeiii see buskao. bosse, see booe. 

boat,sb.,Aoar/,^/fir>',»M.i«,RoB.309; ayenb. 
71; Will. 1141; Alis. 4069; spec 94; 
bost) boost Langi. B xiv. 34; (Wr. 9397)- 
boM-Ail, adj., boastful, WiCL. s. w. I. 2; 
. Flor. 370. 

boston, v., beast, Langl, B\\. 80 ; bosle Iw. 
70 J boate & blowe trans. XVIIL aj i boo- 
ted (pres.) Ch. C. T. D 1671. 
boBtere, sb., boaster, Trev. IV. 395 ; bostei 
CEP. R. ii. 80. 
boaUnge, sb., boasting, Shor. 113. 

bOflti, adj., boastful, treat. 138. 

bosom, see bOaam. 

bot, see bOten. bot, see bOt. 

bote, su batm. 

bdte. sb., O.E. bat,- O.N. bot, O.Fris. bote, 
OJ..C., Goth, hota (ft*«Ac.t), O.H.G. puoia. 
mod.E. boot, in phrase ' to boot ;* repair, 
remedy, redresi; buozaFRAG.6; La;. 319361 
O. & N. 688; Hav. 1300; Rob. 448; Rich. 
3086 ; ANT. Arth. xvi ; aftir bale comeb bote 
Fl. & Bl. 831 1 )at is bote of alle bate Amad. 
(R.) xvii ; voijiveC ham bore guites bwcn bee 



bOtnen. 

ham iknowcK and bihoteC bote A. R. 430 ; do 

bote Will. 1378 ; bote >ou do me bote s. a. L. 

155; jeovenbale i bote stude H. M. 33;-gaii 

to bote Hou. L 15 ; til UTC sawle bote Oru. 

3693; to ;oure bote Shor. 159; bote, boott 

Ch. C. t. a 424; to bote Iboote], to boat, in 

addition, LAttGL. B xiv. 2(A ; buteMJN.i.4; 

botea ( fV.) A. R. 1 30 ; comp. brlgga-, 6Md.-, 

afln-bSta. 
bfit-d«i. sh.= Ger. busztag} day o_f atOMt- 

ment, HOH. II. 69. 
bfit-Ua. adj., O.E. botleas ; bootless, WiLL. 

134; a botles bale Lancl. Cxxi. 308. 
bdte, sb., O.Fr. bote ; boot, ' ocrea! voc 197 ; 

PR. P. 45 ; bdtea (pi.) Horn (H.) 523; p. S. 

330; Mand. 250; bootea Trev. 1. 353; Ch. 

C. T. A 373. 
bSte-leea, adj., without boots, LamgL. B 

xviii, II. 
botel, sb., O.E. botl n. t=O.L.G. bodal m.; 

house; botle (oW.) MAT.xxvi.3; bottle Orh. 

3788 ; cf. b6ld. 
botel, sb., t O.Fr. bottel ; bottle (0/ hay), 

bundle : a. botel hei Ch. C. t. H 14. 
botel, sb., O.Fr. bouteille ; bottle, pr. p. 45 ; 

botelle LUD. Cov. 138. 
boteler, sb., O.Fr. bouteillier; butler, RoB. 

187; WiCL. GEN. xl. 1; Ch. C. t, £4334; 

buteler gen. & ex. 3093. 
botelerie, sb., OJ^r. bouteillerie ; wine-eellar, 

Rob. 191. 
botem, see bo)>em. 
botemai, sb., bitumen, Aus. 619a ; botamala 

(>W0 4763. 
bdten, see bQtan. 
bdten, v., mod.Eng. boot in phrase ' it boots 

not;' ef. bSten, from bfita; mate better i 

bote Am. & Amii- 2340 ; it bSted (pret.) not 

K. L. 66 ; he was bfiUd (pple.) of mekile 

care EcL. 188. 
boteras, sb., buttress, 'fultura; PR. P. 45 ; 

botaraoea (pi.) WiCL. £z. xli. 15. 
boterase, v., furnish with a buttress ; 

boteraaed (pple.) Langl. B v. 598. 
botere, see butare. 

boterel, sb., O.Fr. boterel; toad, AYENB. 187. 
boterie, sb., ale-cellar, pantry, buttery, 'eel- 

larium,' PR. p. 45 ; botrie ' promptuarium' 

voc. 178; boteri E. G. 98; 
botew, sb., sort of boot, ' columus, botula^ 

PR. P. 4S ; botwea (//.) E. C. 333. 
bot-forke, sb., t/or batto-fiirka ; t forked 

stick, SPEC, iia 
botneil, v., mate or become better, amend, 

repair^ bOtneS (pres.) Kath. 3533 ; b«t- 

neda (pret.) chr. E. 768; botnede ek of 

uvel(e)p. L.S. xii. 151; bOtnwd (^/*.) Will. 

IOS5 ; botened, bootned Lancl. ^vi. 194. 
bStaera, sb., heaUr : heil botenere of cveiia 

bodi blinde Wart. II. {09. 



Botdi£ 



bTft. 



85 



bdtningtty sb.» amendmenty Shor. 96. 

BotoU; pr. n., Botolfx Botolfii to(u)ii, Boston^ 
AN. UT. 4. 

botdn, sb., O.Fr, boton ; button^ voc 338 ; 
botoun AYENB. 86 ; botouns (//.) P. s. 339 ; 
botones Langl. ^xv. lai ; see bothom. 

botonin, v., Fr. boutonner ; button^ PR. p. 46. 

botOTy see bitor. 

botraille, sb. ? paterfamulias . . . shulde sette 
botraille atweine derk and lighte Lidg. m. p. 
170. 

botte, see batte. botom, see bo)>eiii. 

b6]>e,sb., aA^.b6^,bu^=-^.Z)ir.bocde,-^X.^. 
bdde, MM,G, buode ; booihy PR. P. 46 ; Orm. 
15817; AYENB. 315; P. 45 ; GOW. III. 281; 
A. P. iiL 441 ; bd}>eB (pL) Alis. 3457. 

bdSe, see bftlSe. 

bo]>el9 sb., tckrysantKemum\ bo]>uly botbil 
*vacdnia * PR. p. 46. 

bo]>emy sb., O.E.botm, = OX,G. bodom, OJf.G. 
podam, bodem, OJV. botn ; bottom^ voc. 159 ; 
Jos. 15; Gaw. 3145 ; A. P. Hi. 144; bo)>um 
S. S. (Wr.) 809; botum, botim ^fundus^ 
glomus^ PR. P. 45; botme (dot,) ayenb. 
140 ; Gow. 1. 108 ; Ch. C.t. C1321 ; Mand. 
52; Parten. 4480. 

bo)>ein-ldi, sidj.y^ Af.//,G. bodeml5s; ba^- 
iomlessy A. P. ii. 1033. 

bothom, sb. (fform of bot5n); bud: the 
bothom bright of hewe R. r. 2959 ; the bothom 
£aire and swote 3008 ; botheum 17 19. 

bothon, sb., 0,E, bo^en; chrysanthemum^ 

LEECHD. III. 315. 

bdu, see bd3. 

bouohe, sb., Fr. boache ; allowance of victual 
grcmted by king or noble to his household^ 
etCf Degr. 998. 

boode, see bude. 

bonel, sb., OJ^r, bouel, buele ; bowel, a. p. iii. 

393 ; bouelle ^viscus * voc 247 ; bouele Gow. 

II. 265 ; boueles (//.) P. s. 331. 

bonelexiybowailen, v,fdisembowel, 'eviscero,' 
PR. P. 46 ; boweld (pret,) Man. (H.) 339. 

boi^y see bd3. 

bouge, see bialc^ bou^en, see bO^en. 

bongevie, sb., heresy; bugerie Man. (H.) 330. 

bcmgette, sb., budget; bow^ettes (pL) 
Trev. VII. 385. 

boogouiiB, sb. pL, an instrument of music: 
simbales and sonetes sware )>e noise, and 
bougouns busch batered so ]>ikke a. p. ii. 

1416. 

Bougre, pr. n., O.Fr. Bougre (Bulgarian); 
heretiCf ayenb. 19. 

bounty see bo^t, booh, see bd). 

hookf see hOio. 

bookedf pple., having a protuberance, Aus. 
6265. 



bonken, v.,^AfJDu. buiken, Af.ff.G. buchen ; 
buck (i.e. steep in lye), Langl. ^xiv. 19 ; 
boQke (imper) rel. I. 108. 

boale, sb., Fr. boale; bowl: round as a boule 
GuiL." (N. E. D.) ; plei withe bowlis PR. P. 46. 
bonndey see bonde. 

bounde, sb., OJ^r. bodne, bonde, bonne, 
mod.Eng. bound; boundary, Gow. III. 93; 
boundee (//.) ayenb. 206 ; Ch. C. t. £"46 ; 
bandus AV. Arth. iii ; buxinen (dot. pL) 
Laj. 1313. 

boonden. v., O.Fr. bonder, bonner; bound, 
set bounds to ; bounded (pple.) Gow. I. 318. 

bounen, v., from bttn ; prepare, JOS. 414 ; 
boune D. Troy 827 ; boune (pres. subj.) m. 
Arth. 3357. 

bonxuien, see bunoen. 

bountey sb., O.Fr. bontd; bounty, goodness, 
C. L. I3I4; SPEC 38; Ch. C.T.i^i^4; C.M. 
9531 ; bunte Misc. 36. 

bountevotuiy adufrom OJF'r. bontif; boun- 
teous, Ch. Tro. I. 883. 

bour, see bflr. 

bourde, sb., O.Fr. bourde; jest, Ch. C. t. 

H%\ ; Gaw. 1409 ; }« bourdes (//.) and be 

trufles ayenb. 58. 

bourde-ftil, 2A\., full of jesting, WiCL. wiSD. 
i. II (margin) ; bourdfull D. Troy 3953. 
bourdfUl-li, adv., rel. II. 45. 

bourden, v., OJ^r. bourder; jest; boiirde 
(pres.) Ch. C. t. C778 ; bourdinge (pple.) 
Langl. i?xv. 40; boarded (pret.) Gaw. 
I3I7 ; bourdedest ayenb. 3a 
bourdingy sh., jesting, Gaw. 1404. 

boitrdeSy sb., 0,Fr. behordeis; tournament, 
H. s. 4663 ; bourdys or toumamentys Will. 
1477. 

bourdisey v., joust; burdised (pret.) s. s. 
(Web.) 740. 

boiirdoiiry sb., O.Fr. bourdeor ; joker, Man. 
(H.) 304. 

bouB, sb., t drink, f drinking-cup, SPEC ill. 

beaten, see bUten. boawen, see btL^en. 
bove^ see biuven. bowe, see bo3e. 

bowen, see b53en. bowien, see bo^len. 

bow^ere, sh., from boje ; bow maker; archer, 
^arcuarius, architenens,^ PR. P. 46; bowere 
voc 195 ; bowiaree (pi.) ROB. 541. 

box, sb., O.E. box,— O.H.G. h\x\iS2L,from Gr. 
ffvils; box, HOM. II. 145; Rob. 456; Ch. C. 
T. A 4390. 

box, sb., 0,E. box, from Uit. buxus, Gr. 

nv(os ; box('tree), voc 163. 
box-trt, sb., O.E, boxtreow ; box tree, voc 

338 ; Ch. C. t. A 1303. 
box, sb., box (on the ear); ^alapa,* PR. p. 46; 

Ch. l. g. w. 1388 ; d. Arth. iiii. 
brft, sb., 0,N. hr^^ O.E. br€aw; see brfiu; 

brae, river^bank; under ane bra thair galai 



8« 



brao. 



drench Barb. iv. 373 ; bra ^ripa' Cath. 39; 

WlNT. Vlll. itivi. 74 ; bro Man. (H.) 31a. 
brao, sb.,0.£. {ge)brac,-^./-G.,aAr.brak, 

OJi.G. (ge)breh; loud hmm; (ms. brace) 

Orh. 1 1 78. 
br&oe, sb., Fr. bras, from La/. bTac(c)hium ; 

arpt {of the sea), Mand. 15, 31, 136. 
br&oe, sb., O.Fr. brace, brache, brase, fri 



brace upon his bo|»e armes Gaw. 583 ; paire 

brase LiDG. Troy iii. aa ; 'tmnt/' PR. P. 46; 

brase (jkuV) Lidg. Troy i. 6. 
brtoen, v., O.Fr. bracier ; embrtut, brace : in 

annes for to brace Haluw. 303; braoe 

U'mper.) it in irine D. ARTH. 1183; ibntoed 

(pple.) JOS. 365. 
br&oer, sb, O.Fr. brasseure; braeer, Ch. C. 

T. .^ 111 ; brasere voc. 363; bnwera {pi^ 

D. ARTH. 1859. 
braohe, sb^ ef. O.Fr. brachet, M.H.C. braclte ; 

briuk {koutid) ; braohM (/A) GaW. 1143; 

REL. 1. 151. 
brad, sb., ? = O.H.G. prat, piart {era) ; brad, 

Matl,'a£uleus,' voc t^; jMbrerdiWMbrod, 
brfid, adj, O.E. brid,-' O.L.G., O.Frii. bred. 

Curt. braids, OJV.brei¥r, O.H.G.hnW, bread, 

Orh. 3431; s. s. (Web.J 3784; Iw. 163; 

Perc 369 ; AV. Arth. iii ; brad [brod] Laj. 

7635; '"■ad 1320 {miswritten bra:d 14319); 

brod A. R. 103 i HAv. 1647; Tor. 1253; 

brood Ch. C. T. ..4 155 ; t.tiTtA'^ abroad: ^t 

blod stod al a brod ROB. 361 ; her winges 

bobe a brod she spradde Gow. II. 105 ; and 

held bir lappe a brod [brood] Ch. C. t. 

^"441 ; a brood LaMgl. (Wr.^ 9031 ; ManD. 

45 ; )ie brode [brade] stnt(e) p. l. s. viii. 

173; brftda {dot. n.) La}. 4S4I ; brtdna 

{ace. m.) La]. 5087 ; br&de (pi.) Laj. 4313 ; 

brUen {dat. pi.) Laj. 30372 ; brftdder 

(compar.) Rob. 43; bradder, broddere'/o/i'iir' 

WiCL- AMOS vi. 3 J brOde {adv.) Will. 

754 ; Ch. C. t. A 739. 
brSd-arw*, sb., broad arrow, ' ceUapultal 

PR. P. 53- 
brood.a»,sb.,O.£'.brtda!x,-=0.A'.brei¥8x; 

broad-axt, 'doli^ra,' PR. P. 53 ; brodaz voc 

334. 

brSd-Cgad, adj., broad-eytd, Sax. chr. 356. 
bride, see brSda. 
brtdien, v., O.E. hn.d.\aji\ from brfld; cf. 

brAdan ; widen, enlarge ; brddea {pres.) 

AUS.' (Sic.) 133; brSdid (prel.) DEP. R. ii. 

141 ; Hamp. PS. cxviii. 33 ; ibrOdod (f^le.) 

0.& N. 1313. 

brAde, sb., O.E. bTxdu,= O.Frii. brEde, Goti. 

braidei, 0./f.G. breiti ; from brftd j breadth : 

a brjede [in brede] Laj. 31995 \ brede pr. p. 

49; o. & N. 174; Rob. 353; AYENB. 10s; 

GOW.II.388; Mand. 117; Ch.C. 1.^4 1970; 

WlCL. OEN. vL IS; ANT. ARTH. »1v ' *' 



brain. 

abiwte on brede ^i spredde Rich. 4434 ; be 

knight ligges >er on brede Perc. 797 ; in 

breede and leng^ LiDG. u. P. 98; bieade 

A. R. 103 ; H15C. 145. 
brnden, v., O.E. brxdan, — Gelk. braidjan, 

O.L.G. bredean, OJ^. breiVa, OJi.G. breiten; 
froin brSd ; broaden, expand; breden Xj^ 

14383; bredin PR.P.49; brede A. P. i. 813; 

Pall. xi. 101 ; blosmes brtdah {expand) 

{pres.) SPEC 45 ; br&dde {pret.) JOS. 64a ; 

Gaw. 193S ; bordes heo br*dd«a {pi.) 

La}. 18513 ; eomp. a-brAden. 
farsdltng, adv., broadwise : he wile smite 

mid bredlinge swuerde HOM. II. 61. 
brag, sb., brag, P. 1. s. ndx. 93 ; DEGR. 331 ; 

brag and boost Trev. V. 109. 
brag, adj., bracing, boasljul, prtmd, valianl ; 

)Qt makefi us so lirag and Solde spec 34 ; 

wordes bra^e Shor. no; hi schulde noiqt 

beren hem so bragg(e) PL. OR. 706 ; bragceat 

(superl.) WILL. 3048. 
braganoe, sb., boasting: with boste and 

bn^ance Townl. 99. 
braggan, v., mod.Eng. brag; boast, sound 

loudly : be boste)* andbracej^ [pres.) Lancl. 

J xiii. 381.; whanne )« voice of ^ trompc 

... in joure eeris braggi)) WiCU JOSU. vi 5J 

braggode (pret.) D. Arth. 3657. 
broggere, sb., bragger, Lahgl.Bv\. 156. 
bragot, braget, braket, sb., Welsk braMvd, 

"/r. bracat {malt liguor) ; bragget {a liguor 

made of ale and mead fermented togetiur), 

PR. P. 46 ; bragot, braket Ch. C. t. A 336X 

(Wr. bragat) ; bragM Trev. I. 399. 
bral, sb., O.Fr. brait; bray, Alis. 2175. 
braid, sb., O.E. br^gd, bregd.-O.A'. brag« 

H. ; from brelden ; throw, tviist; stratagem ; 

Gow. II. 31; Ch. l. g. w. 1164^ Tor. 1611; 

heabod moni a bitter braid trans. XVIII. 

34 ; scho braid hit a doun at on braid S. S. 

(Wr.) 48^ ; kit was a >evcs braid Man. (H.) 

164 ; breid ROB. 33 ; rel. I. 334-; he went 

to )« uscher in a breide CL. 448 ; babben 

bares heorte and remes brede Laj. 30393 ; 

braides IPOU. 1834; ivele brddes rel. I. 

3i8 {Misc 14) ; comp. up-breld. 
braiin, v., O.Fr. braire ; bray, neigh, resound 

harshly, 'barrio^ PR. P. 47 ; braie Man. (F.) 

3488; braie)> {pres.) Gow. I. 144; braien 

Gaw. 1 163; brallnde {ppie.) avenb. 73. 
braim, v., O.Fr. breier, broier ; bray {in a 

mortar), 'pinio, tero,' PR, P. 47; bralld 

(PPU.) WlCI- I KINGS XXV, 18. 

brail, sb., O.Fr. braiel ; brail; brail** {pi.) 

GUIL.' (in N. E. D.). 
brain, adj.,^nVwf, Gaw. 3S6. 
brain [farajen], sb., O.E. brxgen, bnegn,^ 

j1f.i.CbTegen,bragen,0.iWj,brein»(./ »■(»'», 

La). 1468; brain TREAT. 138; brein Fut. 

1901; Beves 1558; bralnes (pi.) Jos. 

SOI. 



braiiL 



braim. 



87 



brain-168, adj., brainless^ PR. P. 47 ; N. p. 9. 

brain-panne, sb., » Af.Z.(7. bregenpanne; 
h^ainpan^ skuil^ Mand. 334. 

brain-wdd, adj., ' brain'tnadi insane^V^WA^ 
3096 ; Langl. i4 X. 61 ; Gaw. 1461. 

brainid, sb., having a brcdn^ PR. P. 47. 
brainin, v., brainy *excerebrOy PR. p. 47; 
brained (pres.) WiCL. Is. bcvi. 3. 
brake, see braken. 

brike, sb.^ cf. MX,G, brake, M.Du. braeke, 
Swed. br&ka ; flctx-brake^ baker's brake^ ^rupa^ 
vibra^ voc. 217, 276. 

brike, sb., fO,Fr, brae (accus. <?/'bras) ; lever^ 
winch : gunnes & bo^es of brake Fer. 3263. 

braken, sb., cf. Swed. braken ; brake, bracken, 
A. P. ii. 1675 ; brakin ^/elix^ voc. 191 ; brake 
^feugere' voc. 156; *}f//x* [sic] PR. P. 47; 

LBECHD. III. 315 ; LUD. COV. 22. 

br4kin, y.y^M.Du. braeken, MJL.G. .braken ; 

vomit, ' vomOy PR. P. 47 ; as an hounde that 

et gras so gan ich to brake Langl. Cvii. 431 ; 

br^Uces {pres.) A. P. iii. 340. 
brallen, y.,^Ger.y Du. brallen, Dan. bralle, 

tmodEng. brawl; cry out ; bralle Townl. 91; 

br&me, sb., cf. MJhi, braeme, O.H.G.hT^maij 
prama ; bramble, * iribuius, vepresi VOC. 193. 

bran, see bren. 

branohe, sb., O.Fr. branche ; branch, * ramus,' 
PR. P. 48 ; braunche leb. Jes. 596 ; branches 
(//.) Rob. 1 52 ; bronches avenb. 9. 

branched, adj., branched; braunched Will. 

754. 
bnmohen, v., />. brancher ; pui forth 
branches; ramify; branch out; brauncheth 
(pres.) WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxix. 19; braunchis 
D. Troy 8750; braimohing (ppie.) trees 
WiCL. JER. xvii. 3. 

brancher, sb., OJ*'r. *brancher, /r.branchier ; 
young hawk, M. Arth. 190. 

branch!, adj., bearing branches; braunchi 
WiCL. 4 KINGS xvii. 10. 

brand, sb., O.E. brand, brond,= C^./^rrr.brand, 
OJ^. brandr, O.H.G. brant, mod.Eng. brand ; 
fromhTinnffD.; (i) sword; {2) burning wood, 
firebrand; c M. 2873, 3^70; Iw. 1933; AV. 
Arth. xiv; Townl. 71 ; ^ne brand [brond] 
La^. 7544; his brond he up ahsef 7527 ; brond 
HOM. I. 81 ; Kath. 2395 ; misc. 154 ; Will. 
1244 ; nou tak bou )« brond Fer. 2238 ; \t 
Sarsin )>anne aarou (h)is brond 580 ; ||ei . . . 
sette . . . wilde bround an on in king Daries 
lond Aus. 1855 ; brandes (//.) Perc. 774; 
brondes A. R. 368 ; avenb. 205 ; Cu. C. T. A 
3338 ; comp. fur-brand. 

brond-ir(e), sb., O.E. brandlsen ; gridiron, 
* tripus,' yoc. 178. 

brand-ri]>e, sb., OJJ. brandrei^, cf. O.E. 
brandreda, M.L.G. brandrede, O.H.G. brand- 
reita; fbrandreth; gridiron, ^tripus^ voc 
332. 



branden, v.,»^.Z?t^. branden; Brand; bron- 
din ^ cauterizoi PR. P. 53; brondit (PPle.) 
apol. 103. 

brandiahen, v., O.Fr. brandiss-; brandish; 
braundishen WiCL. Job xxxix. 33 ; brandia- 
aende (ppie.) Will. 2322. 

branken, v., }—MM.G. brangen, 'prangen ; 
prance : brankand {pple.) stedez D. Arth. 
1861. 

brant, adj., O.E. brant, = aA^. brattr; steep, 
Alex^3649. 

braa, sb., O.E. braes; brass, *aes,' PR. P. 47; 
gen. & ex. 467 ; treat. 136 ; brass Orm. 
17417; breas, bres Jul. 30, 31 ; bres frag. 
4 ; A. r. 3i6 ; AVENB. 203. 

braa-pot, sb., brass-pot, PR. P. 47; voc 
256. 

brase, sb., cf. O.Swed. brasa, M.Du. brase; 
burning coal: in brasse and in brinstone 
ANT. Arth. xv. 

br^sen, adj., O.E.hrvts/tn; brazen, Alis. 5585 ; 
c M. 12193; o )>at brasene neddre Orm. 17424. 

brasiere, sb., brazier, ' (faber) aerarius^ PR. 
P^ 47 ; braaiers (pi.) D. Trov 1589. 

brasU, sb., Fr. bresil ; brasil, PR. P. 47. 

brdsni, adj., like brass ; braasni WiCL. deut. 
xxviii. 23. 

braasik, sb., from Lat. brassica ; cabbage. 
Pall. ix. 53 ; brasik 137. 

brastlien, v., O.E. brastlian, =M.H.G. bras- 
teln ; rattle, clash, Ija. 26970 ; sceldes brast- 
leden (pret.pi.) 27403. 

brat, sb., O.E. bratt (pallium). Mat. v. 40* ; 
Irish bratt {cloth) ; cloak, Ch. C. t. G^ 881. 

br&}>, adj., O.N. bra¥r; violent, Orm. 7164; 
c M. 4003 ; broJ> Gaw. 2233 ; brd)>e (//.) 
wordez a. p. ii. 1409. 

br&)>-li, adj., O.N. bra¥ligr; violent: a 
bra()»)li braid Angl. II. 240; bro))elich A. P. 
ii. 847 ; br5)>llohe (adv.) Map 343 ; brathli 
c M. 63; bro}«li Man. (H.) 166; Perc 2123; 
A. P. ii. 1256. 

br&)>]>e, sb., from br&]> (cf wraej)^, wra]>^, 
from wra)») ; violence, Orm. 4561 ; brathe D. 
Trov 5075. 

br&}>-fia, adj., violent: brd]>eflille (//.) 
wordes Man. (H.) 55. 

braulin, v., cf Swed. bravla (Rietz 51); brawl, 
^jurgo^ PR. P. 48; he braules (pres.) him 
(boasts) for his brighte wedes D. Arth. 1349. 
braiQere, sb., brawler, PR. p. 48; bra- 
welerea [braleres] (//.) Langl. ^xvi. 43; 
brawlers Trev. IV. 209. 

brauljnge, sb., brawling, 'jurgium,* PR. p. 
48 ; brawelinge, braulinge Langl. B xv. 233, 
Cxvii. 360 ; York xxx. 142. 

braun, sb., O.Fr. braon ; brawn, ' lacertus, 

pulpa,' PR, p. 48 ; )« braun of a bore voc. 267 ; 

nei)»er bacon ne braun Langl. B xiii. 91, Cxvi. 

100 ; fui big he was of braun and ek of bones 



88 braunohe. 

Ch. C. T. a 546 ; brann {iiuamnr ' boar') d. 
Arth. 1095 ; bniuiiM '£w«rft)j W1CL.J0B 
xxii. 9 ; braunes harde and stronge Ch. C. t. 
A ai3S- 
brsmioliet brannohed, tee bruiaiie, 



brd, see brUe and brtu. 

brSad, sb., O.E. briad,-0./>«. brad, OX.G. 

br6d, O.N. brauB, O.H.G. brot; bread, A. B. 

193 ; Shor. 30 ; bre&d, brad bou. I. 341 ; 

bet bread, briad ayenb. iio; bread, bred gen. 

& EX. 364, 3079; brxd, bred La). 19? 17, 

31800; bncd Orm. 996; UOM. 11.37; ~ 



577; breed spec 104; CH. C. T. ..4341 
breadM igen.) a- k. 363 ; bredes Shor. 
brfiad* (i£/.} Shor. 3a 
brSd-oorn, sb., bread-eom, Lakgl. if vi. 64. 
brSd-lMi. adj., breadUu, Lancl. £xiv. 160. 
brMd-Up. sb., bread-baiket, gen. & EX. 2078. 
brfode, m< br«de and brfide. 
brSoh, sb., O.f. //. brec,-O.A^. brSk (>/. 
brcelcr), OJi.G. bnioch, pruoh ; breech 
(breecMes), a. r. 430 ; Bek, a6o ; Lakgl. B v 
175; breech Al. (L.') 731 ; Mand. 350, 
brech, brek 'bracau' PR. F. 48; brek voc. 
338; Iw. 1770; Man. (H.) 161; brtehen 
(dai. pi.) La). 16749 ; breche Fl. & Bl. 258 ; 
breke Lidg. u. p. 114. 
brAk-bfllt. sb., uiaitl'btll, '/umbo,' TOC 238. 
breoli-Kerdel,sb.,fi>^f,AyEt4B.305; brei- 
gurdel uisc 193 ; bregirdil WiCL, JBR. xiii. i . 
brfioh-lSa, adj., brtecMest \ breklesse D, 
Arth. 1048. 

[breohe, brake. ;b., O.E. (xw-, wnSer]breca, 
^ O.H.G. (husjprehho; giu who breaks; 
cemp. t'W; Q>ak-breaha, md-brek*.] 
brtehe, sb., O.Frit. hnkc.'-AfM.G. bi«che ; 
_^iw>i broken ; breath, act of breaking, Alis. 
3168; Gow. II. 138; CM. 8320 ; (?-bTuchc| 
Shor. 133 i cBmp. Bohlp-breahe. 
brdohe. sb., ef. MJ..G. brake, Af.ff.G. briiche ; 
tfiiUow field O. & M. 14. 
bred, sb., Q.E. bnd, = Af.I}M. bred, berd, 
O.H.G. bret ; board, PR. p. 48 ; C U. 16578 ; 
nailid on a bred of tre Rel. 1. 63 ; brocto (dat.) 
O. & K. 965; A. P. iii. 184; a>mp. twel-, 
WKE-bred. 
bred-obSu, sb., some kind of cheese, 'punc- 
tata' \\.K.jun£ata\, PR, p. 48. 
bred, see brard. brdd, see brted and braid. 
brSde, see brAde and brude. 
btSde, sb., O.E. briede/ 1=M.L.G. brade 
/ (Schiller I. 413), O.H.G. priio, brsio 
m. (assaturd) ; from brAden ; roeut meal, 
T. 1~ S. viii. 73 ; O. & N. 1630 ; HaV, 98 ; SPEC. 

37 ; AV. Arth. xxxi ; swines brede . . . al 10 
diere he hi beiV Angl. I. 15; («o bra^e 
LBECHD. 111.98 ; brade HOU. II. 334 ; of )>ere 



brrtdan. 



brede he si La;. 30596 : >a • • ■ brldm (aec.) 
LEECHD. III.98; brede [breade] Lai. 30583 I 
bredM (pi.) Aus. 5349; biedsn (gim.pl.) 
La). 30589. 
breden [breade], v^ O.E. brxdan (pple. ge- 
brSdd), = O.Fris.hri^OJi.G. prfttaii,lnAtui, 
(pret. priatl; roast, Laj. 35986 ; brede R. S. v 
(Misc 180); Jul.' 170; Rich. 1493; bret 
(pres,) HOM. I. 53 ; brMe (tmper.) L. a C 3$ ; 
brfidde (pret.) L«. 30584; bradden 30978: 
bredden Ar. & Mer. 7305 ; br«d« (pple.) 
RICH. 3613; brad Gaw. 891 ; bred GEN. & EX. 
3147; LbredMISC 54. 
breden, v., O.E. hiidAa,- M.Du. broeden, 
O.H.G. pniotan, bnioten ; Jivm brdd ; breed, 
Ancl. III. 61 ; brede spec ioi ; brtdeUi 
(fires.) Langu Sxi. 339 ; brede¥, bret a. R. 
300, 322; (hie) brtdaS hou. II. 55; brede^ 
Rod. 177 ; brAdde (pret.) 0. &. n. ioi ; bred- 
den LanGU .Cxi. 347 ; to«d (pple.) REL. I. 
211 ; ibred O.&N, 1734 ; beoweoren ibredde 
La]. 30071, 

brSdlng, sb., breeding, C. M. 3479. 
breden, see brSdea and breideo. 
bref,sb„ O.i^r.bref, brief; Me/, official doeie- 
ment, Utler, S. S. (Wr.) 3213 ; MAN. (H.) 337 ; 
breve c. U. 19606. 

bref, adj., O.Fr. href, Lai. brevis; brief, 
short, h.v.'\.7£>&; inbreif time Ber.S?! ; wi^ 
wordis bnre (pi.) H. v. 55. 

breflt, adv., shortly; bre[fl]i C M. 130; 
breveli C M. 18199 ; brefcli SQ. I- D. 873. 

biiefiiea, sb., shortness, LUD. Cov. 79. 
bregand, sb^ O.Fr. brigand; irregular foot- 
soldier; bTsga,imda; (pi.) d. Arth. 3096. 
bre^e, see brOu. breKS, see br&nre. 

for abresea ; abridge, Witx. S. 
1, 407; bri^en HaLUW. an ; brlggld 
(ppie.) Man. (H.) 347 ; breiggid WicL. Mk. 

bree:gere,sb., iiM'i/^; perlipominon, that 
is . . . word brcgger WlCL. PREK. EP. I. 73. 

breid, see braid 

breiden, v., O.E. bregdan, brSdaii,^ O.L.G. 
bregdan, O.Fris. breida, brtda, O.N. bregma, 
brigfa, TO.H.G. brettan, f M.H.G. bnten ; 
Iwist', wrench, hurl, draw (a sword, etc.), plait, 
HOM. I. 201, II. 317 ; breiden . . . ane cnuie 
A. R. IZ4 ; breden verliche a dun 333 ; a gret 
ok he wolde breide a doun as it a smal }erde 
were KoB. 23; he schal breide a wei ['evellef] 
WiCL. PS. xxiv. 1 5 ; Jif >ou brfideat {pres.) wod 
s. s. (Web.) 1907; pe ancre . . . trene gull ne up 
breide hire A. R. 426; bredeb wode P. 63: 
bveld I pret.) A. R. 380; breid he...asweord 
La;. 1548; |ie king hine bneid [breid] sscc 
6667 ; he braid . . . efter his alderen 6895 : 
bra-id bine of his stede 36777 ; braid [breid] 
him ajeinward JUL. 73, 73; braid Iw. 3248: 
AV. Arth. xliii ; of his slep an on he braid 
Hav. 1283; |>e)«f bmid out (hjisknif CHR. 



brSie. 



brennen. 



89 



£. 670 ; sche braid htiie wel n^ wod Fer. 
3099 ; |>an braide [/or braid] he up of his bed 
Will. 686 ; braided Aus. 5856 ; and brudden 
up Baldolf La^. 20335; faste hi drowe & breide 
P. L. s. xxi. 108 ; bro3den (fipie.) Map 339; 
broiden O. & N. 645 ; broidin ' laqueaius^ PR. 
P. 53 ; breided, broided Ch. C. t. A 1049 ; 
comp. a-y »t-9 for-» ^e-, to-, wiS-breiden 
deriv, braid, (up-)brixd. 

birdie^ sh,^^M.Du, broeye, M.H.G. briieje; 
^^thy gravy ; bre L. C C 17 ; comf. ale-br6L 

breiiiy see brain. 

brei)>eny v., f O.N, bregma, »=breiden ; rushy 
Jly\ brei)>ed (pret,): wine brei}«d uppc 

into his braine A. P. ii. 1421. 
brek, sb., 0,E, (ge)brec, brece ; acf of break- 

sngr Aus, 2168*; Man. (F.) 14662; c m. 

6344 ; breke PR. P. 49. 

breke, see breohe. 

broken* v., 0,E. brecan, >= 0,L,G, brecan, 
OJ^ris. breka, Goth, 'brikan, O.H,G, prechan, 
brechen, Lat, frangere ; break, A. R. 242 ; 
Kath. 2028; GEN. & EX. 3147; breoken 

JUL. 58; breke o. & N. 1080; ayenb. 52; 
Iand. 228 ; him )>ouhte )»at his herte wolde 
breke Ch. C. t. A 954 ; to brekene hom. I. 
43; br6kest (pres,) Orm. 1548; )if hit itit 

CtX )>u brekest godes heste hom. I. 21 ; 
reke)» treat. 136 ; breo {imperai,) Marh. 
18 ; breke^ on (begin) Kath. 1301 ; brsBC, 
braecy breac {fret,) Laj. 1558,2623, 10978; 
brae P. L. s. viii. 93 ; gen. & ex. 3100; he 
brae here bendes HOM. II. 113; brak Iw. 
3778 ; Ch. C. t. A 1468 ; WiCL. numb. xi. 8 ; 
a water brak out Trev. I. 191 ; brak, brek 
Rob. 22, 126; brec hom. I. 171 ; Marh. 5 ; 
brec on {v, r, bigon) Kath. 2295; brek 
AYENB. 16; (J)u) breke Laj. 5037; Langl. 
C xxi. 383 ; brfiken, breken (pret.pL) JOHN 
xix. 32, 33; breken LA3. 27506; Jul. 59; 
AYENB. 64; Alis. 5891; s. s. (Wr.) I2l8 ; 
breeken, braken Wicl. 2 paral. xxxi. i ; 
brake IsuM. 652 ; brdken (pp/e,) Hay. 1238 ; 
Ch. Tro. v. 1204 ; brokin OCTAV. (H.) 944 ; 
wi¥uten brokene breade A. R. 342 ; brokun 
WiCL. Is. xxxvi. 6 ; brokene mete Mk. viii. 
20; comp, a-y 8Bt-, for-, ^e-, to-br6ken ; iieriv. 
brao, brake, brek, breohe, briahe, briiohe, 
brii<^el. 

br6kerej sh,y=^ Af,//,G, brechaere; breaker y 
HOM. I. 83 ; r^mf/. fiw-br6kere. 

br^kinge, sb., breakingy ayenb. 48. 

brekil, adj., brittUy ^fragilisy PR. p. 177; 
TOWNL. loi. 

brembel, sb., 0,E, brembel (? brembel) bre- 
mel, braemel «., = 0,H,G, bramal(busc) ; 
brambUy C M. 924 ; brembil, brimbil WiCL. 
KCCLUS. xliii. 21 ; Job xxxi. 40 ; brimbil, 
bremmil * tribulusy vepres * PR. p. 49 ; brem- 
bles (//.) hom. I. 223 ; brimbles II. 129. 
brembel-flour, sb., bramble-flowery Ch. 
C^ T. B 1936. \Hari; ms, brember-flour.] 



brdme» adj., 0.E, breme, bryme; valianty 
spiritedy famousy Orm. 7197; Greg. 260; 
Will. 18; Gaw. 1142; a. p. iii. 430; m. 
Arth. 229 ; TowNL. 197 ; J>u art wel modi 
and wel breme O. & N. 500 ; breme and bold 
K. T. 835 ; ^is strif bat is so breme C L. 538 ; 

tilke feste was wei breme Fl. & Bl. 792 ; 
reme as a bare Degr. 1240 ; a breme bare 
Amad. (Web.) 171 ; a bor so brime s. & c. 
II. XX ; brim ^ferusy ferox* PR. P. 51; 
Man. (H.) 28 ; |« se )>at was ful brim Hay. 
2233 \ breme wittes Langl. B xii. 224 ; her 
breme blastis dep. R. iii. 365 ; bremme heed 
DEP. R. ii. 130 ; when briddes singe)> breme 
SPEC 44; foughten breme [breeme] Ch. C. 
t. A 1699. 

br6me-li, Z!di\,yfiercey furious : mani bremli 
blast c. M. 24847 ; brSmeli (adv,)y Will. 23 ; 
Gaw. 1598. 

brSmnen, sh,y fury y D. Troy 4665. 

breme, sb., 0,Fr, bresme; bream (the flsh)y 
voc. 222 ; PR. p. 49 ; Ch. C. t. A 350. 

bren, sb., O.Fr, bren ; bran, ^furfury PR. P. 
49 ; Ch. C. t. A 4053 ; ayenb. 210; bren, 
bran Langl. B vi. 184 ; bran voc. 201. 
bran-brdd, sb., bran-bready voc. 198. 

brende, adj., from brennen; of tawny 
coloury LiDG. M. P. 202. 

brend-fler, see under brune. 

brene, see brune. 

brengen, v., 0,E, brengan, = 0,Fris, brenga, 
branga, 0,L,G, brengean, M H,G, brengen ; 

from bringen; bring ; brenge ayenb. 87 ; S.S. 
(Web.) 2169; Ed. 3; (f ms, bringe, r. w, 
genge) La^. 15094; breng^)' (pres,) Shor. 
6; brShte (? brdhte), [aif. brohte,=a/n>. 
brochte, 0,L,G, brahta, O.H.G, .prahta] 
(Pret,)y brought y H. M. 45 ; P. s. 221 ; (ms, 
brohhte) Orm. 14361 ; brochte HOM. I. 171 ; 
meheom brohte drinken LA3. 13585 ; brouhte 
63 ; broute [brofte] 36 ; brojte, brouhte O. & 
N. 107 ; bro3te ayenb. 118; ^at moni mon 
brofte to de)>e Rob. 17 ; brouhte me a slep 
Langl. A\, Z\ brou3te ^ v. 8 ; broghte, 
brou3te, broughte Ch. C. t. B $22; broute 
REL. II. 277; brohtest Jul. 61; brohton 
HOM. I. loi ; brohten Mat. ii, 11; HORN 
(R.) 44; brouhten A. R. 114; brdht (ppie.) 
brought y HOM. I. 283 ; SPEC 29; bro3t Langl. 
^xii. 136; brouht, brouct, brouth, browt 
Hay. 336, 513, 1979, 2412 ; comp, 3e-brengen. 

brenie, see brunie. 

brenne, sb., 0,N. brenna, cf, 0,H,G, brinna ; 
from brinnen; burnings conflagrcUion : hwan 
he . . . haveden . . . }« fir brouth on brenne 
Hay. 1239. 

bren-st5n, sb., 0,N, brenna-, brenni-, bren- 
nusteinn ; sulphury Hickes I. 228 ; j^^brim- 
Bton, brunstou, under briine. 

brennen, bemen, v., 0,N, brenna, 0,E, 
beman, baeman,>=0jL.(7., OJi,G. brennan, 



90 



brennen. 



M.Du. bcrnea (urtre, eremare), Gotk. fga)- 
brannjan(irni(ir);^nibrliui«Q; (ura, Hav. 
916 ; his tail schal brennen in \t j^lede Cti< 
C. T. ^iii; brenne Mand. 48; brenne his 
londes Wili. 1133; sha.1 brenne ' ardebit' 
WiCL. LEV. vi. 12; bemen A.R.306; bjcrnen 
Orm. 1539; lim heo gunnen bienien La}. 
15466 ; berne Rob. Si ; trrat. 136 ; ayenb. 
173; braane)) (pres.) c L. 1358; brenns 
(subj.) Fl. & Bl. s ; brennlng (pple.) Kath." 
41 ; Langl. Cxx. S3 \ brende (prel.) Orm. 

1086; CEN. & EX. 1 108; P. L. S. xiii. 131 ; 

Fer. 3343; Langi. fxvii. 336; Gow. II. 
164; Wicu 4 KINGS xiv. 4; he brande, 
barnde La;. 3824, 304^9 ; bemde a. r. 143 ; 
as (t^h ha bernde Marh. 19; bamde Rob. 
300,;'l>rendeD Sax. chr. 263; Rich. 60^7; 
bcr breoden cerges inne Hav. 594 ; |>e fires 
Dreode upon ^ auter Ch. C. t. .^2425; 



brend, brent WILL. 2646, 4367 ; brent HOCCL. 
i. 390 ; comp. »-, far-breonen. 

brennar, sb., burner, PR. F. 49; brameiia 
(^/.) WICL.S. w. III. 329. 

brenninga, sb., O.E. beming ; burning, 
GEN. & EX. 3654 ; Ch. C. T. a 9^ ; beminge 

AYENB. 305. 

brSort, sb., O.E. breost,= O.Z~G., O.N. briost, 
O.Fris. briast n.; breast, F. L. s. xvii. 66; 
ALIS. 631 ; yaX brcost Laj. 37556* ; fii breost 
P. L. S. xvii. 66; briest ayenb. 175; brest 

ORH. 4774; GEN. & EX. 370; breest TREV. 

III. 341 ; brist lud. Cov. 14 ; breoste a. r. 
18 ; moni breoste Laj. 4540 ; |ia breste [^ 
breostj 6497 ; brfioates {gen.) hom. I. 183; a 
^an breoste Laj. 37553; ut of ^re breoste 
'S831; ["ire br(e)oste GR. 20; upon be breeste 
of our lord Mand. 92 ; breoat ( pi.) leechd. 
III. I30; ]ia breost )>e bn suke Lk. ». 27; 
bine breoste frag. 6; oreasten hisc. 151; 
brustes Fer. 1073 ; brAootam, breostan, 
breosten [dot. tl.) leechd. III. 130, 133, 
138; breosten Kath. 3130; briesten ayenb. 
947. 

tM^est-bSa.sb., £).£'. breostban; breasl-bom, 
Ch. C. t. a 2710 ; brastbon Fer. 1623. 

brfiat-olUt, sb., voc. 173. 

br£oat-lm,sb., (J.£. breostlln; breast-Ufun, 
Orm. 955. 

brt«t-pUt«, sb., briasi-plate, Ch. C. T. 
A 2120. 

brSost-fiono, sb., O.E. br£ostge|ianc ; mind, 
Laj. 1936. 

biAoite-wimda, sb., breast-wound, A. R 
194. 
brdosted, ^^t-i having a breast, Guv 261. 
breoSen, v., O.E. (a)breo¥an ; perish : }-ei 
fore je scuiie% breoden Laj. 5807; heou 
br&oSeS [bre)ii^] ^ Frensce 5196 ; a brot^n 
(fdegtmraie) (h)eir F. L. S. i. 44; iomp. 
••brtotSen. 



124s ; s. S, (Wr.) 1490; E. G. 3S5 ; bruwin, 
browin PR. P. 54; brfla (ms. brew) {pret.) 
P. S. 69; breu, breuh LanCL. At. 134; 
breuj HOM. II. 356 ; brewed s. s. (Wr.) 1365 ; 
^i browe Rob. 36; browen (^ie.) Map 
337; R1CH.4365; browe LANGL.£xviit. 361; 
ibroweo P. 39 ; ibrowe S. S. (Web.) 1494 ; 
brewid Flor. 687; deriv. brot>, bra)>«n. 
brtwere, sb., - M.H.G. briuwer, MJ~G. 
bruwere ; brewer, Langl. B xix. 394 ; bTio> 
wftTM (^/.) MISC. 189; brueres R. S. vji 
(MISC. 188). 

brfiweatara, sb.,^»(a/r^rmf^ Langl. £v, 
306; E. G. 355 ; browstere lUD. COV. 133; 
browstar or brewere PR. P. 54. 

brer, ab., ? sprout, young shoot \ brer [breer] 
on rise L. 123. 

brerd, sb,, O.E. brerd, breard,=s= O./f.G. prart, 
prat, Sived. bradd ; margin, brink, ORH. 
14040; WlCL. EXOD. xzxvii. II ; berd 'md^o' 
PR.F.33; brerde ((&t/.)TREV. II. 173; upon 
helle brerde A. R. 334 ; breorde Laj. 3333a. 
brard-ful, adj., cf. Sived. braddfull ; Jull to 
the brim, OrM. 14529; bredful, bratful 
Langl. .^prol. 41; bretfol koh. II. 167; 
P. s. 333 (P- 4'); PL. OR. 233; Ch. C. T. 
^687. 

brere, sb., O.E. brer m.; brier, 'tributus, 
vepres,' voc. 181, 339 \ PR- P- 49 ; 'eglanler' 
VOC 163 ; Langl. C iii. 38; Wicl. Job »od. 
40; Townl. 100; s.&cl.xxix; scharp as 
brere CH. C. T. £1835 ; breere LlDG. M.p. 31S; 
brfirs [dat.) MiN. vii. 138; brijt so blosme 
on brere Greg. 18 ; rede brere L. C. C 43; 
br«raa (*/.) a. R. 376; ORM. 9313; Wilu 
1809; Mand. ii; ; Ch. C. T. A 1533 ; a 
burden of brere spec, i 10. 

bres, see brao. 

far6Be,sb.,0.£'.briosa,breosa(rinVuj,i:iida»tfj); 
gadfly, ^oestrum,' VoC. 355; 'asi/ui' PR." P, 
49; 'brvckus' Cath. 43 ; PS. civ. 34. 

bresed, adj., i bristly, a. p. ii. 1694; Gaw. 
305- 

brSsen, see bruaan. ^ 

brest, berst, sb., O.N. brestr, O.E. berst, 
= M.H.G. brest, breste, M.Du. berst, berste ; 
damage, defect, PR. P. 49 ; A. P. it 339 ; c. M. 
16561 ; breste Halliw. 209 ; berst Bev. 
1930; j'nrbriiat. 

brSst, see brSoat. 

bresten, beraton, v., O.N. bresta, O.E. 
berstan,>^O.Z..C brestan, O.H.G. preittut, 
brestan, O.Fris. bersta; burst; bresiin PR. 
P. 50; bresten, berste CH. C. T. A 1980; 
breste, berste, WiCL. Me. ii. 33; bersten 
A. R. So; berste Laj. 27683; Horn (R.) 
663; berrta [pres. tuij.) a & N. 990; 



bretasoe. brige. 91 

brast (/r^/.) Ch. C. T.BGgy; Trist. 191 ; braved (^/e.) Gaw. 3521 ; a. p. ii. 197; 

Tor. 687 ; Degr. 1632 ; brast, barst Langl. ibrevet HOM. I. 249 ; Marh. 16. 

-ffvi. 180; barst Laj. 1467; Aus. 625; ^t brevet, sb., Fr. brevet; drevef, Langl. A 

mean bearst ut Jul. 59; brosten Ocrov. prol. 71 

^:1 'S^L^tJJ; ^f'^ i^.E' .^.'^"l ^''- brevetoi^, sb., carrier of brevets, *bre- 

3449 ; bursten Jul. 59 ; Rich. 2892 ; stanes ^ig.rulus PR. p. 50. 

ber bursten LA5. 27719 ; be bees bursten out - f ^ \_ « 1 s - - 

kiCH. 2893; hire lim48T)urste P. L. s. xv. brSwe, ^^^ brfiu, brtweii, j« breowen. 

193 ; borsten K. T. 1049 ; brosten (pple,) bri, sb., O.E. brfw, «= M.Du., O.H.G. bri, 

Ch. C. t. a 3829 ; Wicl. gen. vii. 1 1 ; M,L,G. brig ; broth, sops, 'puis,* frag. 4. 

iborsten HiCRES I. 228 ; comp, at-, to- bribe, sb., O.Fr, bribe (morsel of bread), 

breeten ; deriv, brest* bruBt. mod.Eng, bribe ; f plunder \ feyning a cause 

faretasoe, sb., 0,Fr, bretesche ; brattice, bar- for he wolde han a bribe [v. r. wolde bribe] 

Hxan, ^ propugnaculum^ PR. P. 50; brutaske Ch. C. t. Z?I378 (Wr. 6960). 

Rob. 536. briberie, ^,,^0,Fr. briberie {mendicancy), 

faretasoe, v., fortify with a brattice-, bre- mod.Eng. hnhtry\ pilfering, Trev. VIII. 

texed (pple.) LiDG. Troy ii. ii. 81 ; briberies (//.) Ch. C. t. D 1367. 

briteiiting,sb.,^n>//fVi>r^,WJCL.S.w.I.i9i. bribej>, sb.: gon a bribej> [bribed] {go n- 

brd«, sb., O.E. brae? m., allied to OJf.G, ^^gg^^g) Langl. Cix, 246. 

pradam ; breath, A. r. 80 ; unl(e)ofne brc^ bribin, v., 0,Fr. briber {to beg), mod.Eng, 

HOM. I. 153; brej> TREAT. 136; Shor. I02 ; bribe; pilfer, ^ mcmticulor,* PR. P. 50; bribe 

P. L. s. v.* 41 ; Trev. II. 185 ; |)e hote bre^ Ch. C. t. A 4417. 

O. & N. 1454 ; bre)>, bree}> Ch. C. t. C 552 ; bribour, sb., O.Fr. bribeur ; pickpocket, thief, 

breu P. R. L. P. 221 ; brStJo {dot,) HOM. II: rascal,hVD. Cov. 183 ; bribouree (^/.) Trev. 

145 ; for ban ufele bre¥e I. 43 ; bre}>e Ch. C. h. 147. 

T. ^ 5 ; LiDG. M. P. 62 ; brethe PR. c 613. briche, adj., O.E. brice, bryce ; from broken ; 

brd)>-man, sb., f blower of a wind instru- frail, poor, H. S. 5821. 

ment ; brfithemen (//.) D. Arth. 4108. briche, see bruohe. 

brStiie,sb.,/aw:br^¥i;>^iffbrft}>; /^ry ^,^(1, sb., O.E. bridd m., modEng bird; 

litl^^'J^V^^^ bre)»>r^r«»»PS.xxxvi.8; young bird; bird in general ; 'pullus* ykao. 

brethe {dat.) Townl. 197. 3 . » ^,j . p^ p ^^ . ^^ ^ 102 ; o. & N. 124 ; 

bre]>el, sb., ffrom brSotJen ; wretch, worth- s. S. (Wr.) 3035 ; Mand. 48 ; Wicl. lev. 

less person; (printed breyel) 'miserculus' xvii. 13; culfre bridd Orm. 7887; Judas was 

PR. P. 50; brifel (f pointed bri^el) rel. II. a liber brid (youth) P. L. s. xxii. i ; mi brid i 

119; bretheUe (//.) lud. Cov. 308. fed l. h. r. 133 ; briddee (gen:) p. l. S. xxv. 

bre)>eling, sb., ?sbre)>el ; Ar. & Mer. 64; 13 ; briddes (pi) a. r. xii. 118, 128 ; Kath. 

bri}«ling R. s. vi (misc. 184, 185). 64 ; Langl. i? xii. 131 ; Will; 179 ; Ch. C. t. 

brethin, v., breathe, smell, exhale perfume, A 3939 ; ant. Arth. xxvii ; birdes D. Arth. 

*spiro; PR. p. 50; brebi treat. 136; 2510; birdus Tor. 2044; bridde (<&/. //.) 

br6)?ib (Jres.) WiCL. John iii. 8 ; br5)>ede O. & N. 644. 

(/r<f/.) TREV. VIII. 195 ; D. Troy 8777. brid-lim, sb., bird-lime, PR. P. 50; birdlim 

breu, sb., O.Fr. breu ; broth ; brewe ^brodium' voa 221. 

voc 241. bride, sb., O.Fr, bnde; bridle, Alis. 2626; 

[breu-, stem ofhr^owen^ brew.] (»tr. bridel, r. w. ride) HORN (L.) 772 (R. 

brdu-arn, sb., O.E. breawem; brewhouse, ^78, H. S^O'^ 

voc. 178. bride, see brude. 

breu-hotis, sh., t^M.H.G. briuhus; brew- bridel, sb., a £". brfde!,=a/^.G^.br!tel, bridel, 

house, voc 204 ; Ch. C. t. A 3334. il/.Z.G^.,il/.Z>i/.breidel ; from breiden ; bridle, 

brSu (P brewe), sb., O.E. breaw, braew m., a. r. 74; o. & n. 1028; Rob. 396; Shor. 6; 

-C>jV. bra /, O.H.G. bra, pra n.f, O.Fris. S«-.,S; "^^ ^ V''^ ' K"^ ^"^'^^K ^^^^®- ^^^ » 

bre n.; modEng. brow; eyelid, eyebrow ; bndil Rich. 5817 ; bndle (^^lA) ayenb. 204; 

bank, river-side (mod. brae) ; bre^e spec 34 ; bridles (//.) WiCL. James ni. 3. 

brie 'cilium* voc 76; bank ne bre Man. bridelin, v., O.E. (ge)brTdlian, = M.H.G. 

(F.) 10333 ; breie (ms. breye) (dot.) R. S. v britelen ; bridle, 'freno; PR. P. 50 ; bridleS 

(Misc 182) ; brdwas (//.) leechd. III. 98 ; (pres.) a. r. 74 ; bridlen Gow. 1. 1 10 ; bridled 

brGwis (//.) Wicl. lev. xiv>. 9; breowen (pple.) Orm. 11664.; brideled Mand. 253; 

Laj. 18374; brees av. Arth. xv; bribes ibridled Ch. L. G. w. in. 

MISC 226 ; comp. d^e-brGu ; see br&. brie, see breu. briest, see brGost. 

breue, see brel brige, sb., O.Fr. brigue ; intrigue, quarrel, 

barren, v., ■= O.N. brefa, M.H.G. brieven ; * briga, dissension PR. p. 50 ; Ch. C. t. B 2872. 

from Inref; commit to writing, p. s. 156; brige*less, adv., tc/Z/A^w/ ^at/i7, Angl. V. 28. 



9% 



brige. 



brink. 



biige, v., / Fr. brigucr ; entrap : Jk) fende 
hafs cast )»is snare for to brige men WiCL. 
s. w. III. 416. 

Brigge, pr. n., 0,E, Brycge, M,Du, Brugghe ; 
Bruges^ Sax. chr. 254. 

brigge, see brugge. 

brigouSy adj., O.Fr. brigeus, ^e^m Lot. brT- 
gosus; disputable^ Trev^ III. 203. 

bii^ty see briht. 

briht» adj., 0,E, bryht, breoht, beorht, berht, 
byrht,=d.Zr.C7. berht, bereht, (?./r.^. beraht, 
OM, bisirtr, Goth, bairhts; bright y HOM. I. 
61; La^. 7239; MISC. 88; SPEC. 25; K.T.240; 
(ms, bnhht) Orm. 3431 ; briht, bri^t O. & N. 
623; bricht HOM. II. 2551 MISC 27; 
bri^ AYENB. 74; Degr. 1483; bri^t and 
schene Shor. 149; bri^t win Gaw. 129; 
brigt GEN. & EX. 132 ; bnjt, bright Ch. C. t. 
A 1062; brith Hav. 589; brict Horn (H). 
14 ; printed britt HiCKES 1. 228 ; brist REL. I. 
48 ; briht, breoht Lr. xi. 34, 36 ; breost Mat. 
vi. 22 ; his brithe bride Hav. 2131 ; ^t 
brihte [br(e)ohte] i-cunde HOM. I. 147, 149 ; 
^at . . . brehte . . . kinde hom. II. 205 ; brihte 
(dat. m.) Marh. 19 ; brihte (//.) H. M. 19; 
Hav. 2610 ; his e^en b(e)o% swa brichte hom. 
I. 165 ; brihtre {compar,) Kath. 1680 ; 
brihtre, brictere hom. I. 39, 139 ; brihtere, 
brihture A. R. 38, 182; brihtore SPEC 57; 
brihtest (super/,) Marh. 21 ; brictest GEN. 
& EX. 1910. 

brirt, sb., beautiful woman : breue me bri^ 
quatkin of priis beres be perle so maskellez, 
A. P. i. 754 ; brigt ; brightness ^ splendour ^ GEN. 
& EX. 143 ; bright TowNL. I. 

brihte, adv., brightly ^ Ci|R. E. 770; (ms, 
brihhte) Orm. 2138; brihte Brd. 2. 

briht -lioe, 0,E, beorhtllce ; brightly ^ Mk. 
viii. 25 ; brihtliche A. R. 1 54 ; bri^tliche 
AYENB. 150; brihtliiker (contpar.) A. R. 
96. 

brihtneBse, sb., O.E. bryhtness, beorhtness; 
brightness, hom. I. 217, II. 31 ; brictnesse I. 
239 ; bri3tnesse ayenb. 27 ; brihtnisse, breht- 
nisse John v. 41, xvii. 22. 

brihten, v., O.E. (ge)brihtan, beorhtan, byrh- 
X3Xiy=0,N, birta ; brighten, A. R. 148; brihte 
(imper,) HOM. I. 200 ; til on morwen ^e dai 
bright S. S. (Wr.) 1997. 

brike, sb., Fr. brique, cf, MX,G,y M,Du, 
bricke ; brick, E. G. 372 ; brik w. & I. 37. 

brike, sb., O.North,Fr. brique ; snare, trap : 
Genilon Oliver .brought this worthy king in 
such a brike Ch. C. t. ^3580. 

briUin, see birlen. 

brim, sb., 0,E,,^O.N. brim; stormy sea, 
waves, L. H. R. 125 ; MiN. vi. 57 ; brimme 
(dot.) Gaw. 2172; and lepith dune into the 
brimme P. L. s. xxxv. 157. 

brun-swin, sb., f O.N. brims vin; f porpoise; 
* delphinuSf' PR. P. 54. 



brim, sb., O.E, brymm (pi, brymmas) ; britfi^ 
brink, margin; brimme (dot.) Jos. 458; 
Gow. II. 293; Trbv. I. 423; Ch. l. g. w. 
2451; Em. 694; A. p. L 232; bi ]yan 
brimme La^ 4472 ; to ]>is londes brimme 
Horn (L.) 190; brimmes (pi.) Trev. viii. 

139. 
brim, brime, see brdme. 

brime, sb., 0,A\ brimi ; f burning heat, fire : 
ant )>urh ^ brime [/ read brune] ablindeV 
Marh. 15. 

brim-fir, see brinfir, under brune. 

brimmen, v., O.E, bremman (rage, roar),^ 
O.H.G, breman, M.H.G. bremen, M,Du, 
bremen ; (of swine) be in heat, copulate; (of 
trees) bear fruit : the sonner wol thei brimme 
a^ein and bringe forth pigges moo Pal. liL 
1070; brimen and beren gen. & EX. 118; 
brime * subdre ' cath. 44. 

brimse, sb., 0,E. hnmst,^ MJ)u, bremse; 
gadfly, Wr. dict. 257. 

brim-stdn, sb. (a=bri]i8tdn, from brimian) ; 
brimstone, sulphur, chr. E. l8i ; brimstoon, 
bremstbn Ch. C. t. A 629 ; brim-, brumston 
WiCL. DEUT. xxix. 23, Job xviii. 15 ; bremston 
Beves 3277; brumston Map 339; misc. 
227; j^^bremrtidn,i//r^^rbremie,i^brun- 
■t&n, under briine. 

brin, sb., O.N. brun (//. brynn), Dan., Swed. 
bryn; brow, * supercuium,* PR. P. 51 ; Man. 
(F.) 12344 ; bryne AV. Arth. xv. 

brine, sb., O.E, bryne (for brine), = M.Du, 
brijne ; brine, ^salsugo^ PR. P. 5 1 ; CM. 6348 ; 
Pall. iii. 39. 

brinfir, see under brune. 

bringe, sb., bringing; wel bi% him ^re bringe 
LA3. 743. 

bringen, v., O.E. bringan (pple. brungen),» 
OJ..G. hnng2Ji, C^./Z.Cr.pHngan, bringan (pret. 

Erang, pple. prungan), Goth, briggan, O.Fris. 
ringa ; bring, A. R. 268 ; GEN. & EX. 3 1 2 ; H. H. 
6; bringen on (induce) Orm. 7717; bringen 
heom to gadere misc. 37; bringen [bringe] 
LA3. 741 ; ne mihten heo . . . nenne a duii 
bringe 26588 ; bringe o. & N. 1029 ; Hav. 72 ; 
to de)»e bringe Rob. 335 ; to ende bringe C L. 
288 ; fruit . . . bringe leb. Jes. 566 ; bringetS 
(pres.) HOM. 1. 103 ; H. M. 33 ; & bringe^ hire 
on to gederen A. R. 222 ; |>eonne bringe^ he 
up sum lu^er word 426 ; bringeb o. & N. 524 ; 
bring (imper.) Marh. 19; brmge (subj.) p. 
L. S. xix. 284; for thepret. see under brengan ; 
comp. ^e-bringen ; deriv, brengen. 

bringere, sb., bringer, Mand. 243 ; bringare 
PR. P. 51 ; Ch. C. t. D 1197. 

brinie, see briinie. 

brink, sb., cf M.L.G., Dan., Swed. brink, IceL 
brekka ; brink, ^margo, ripa,* PR. P. 52 ; brinka 
(dat,) A. R. 242*; LEG. 130; Alis. 3491 ; Man. 
(F.) 4623 ; bi )« se brinke Horn (L.) 141 ; 
on mi pittes brinke Ch. C. t. E 1401 ; in ^ 



brinnen. 



htclp. 



93 



brinkc ['in It fore'] WiCX. JOHN xxi. 4; 

brinke* (^.) Trev. VIII. 349. 
brinneiiy v., 0,E. brinnan, beornan, byrnan, 

«= OX.G.9 OJf.G.t Goth, brinnan, C?jV. brinna ; 

burfiy (intrans.) ; brinne C M. 5749 ; ISUM. 

695 ; brinne, brenne Ch. C. t. Z> 53 ; . beoraen 

FRAG. 7 ; beomen, bernen La^. 2858, 16218 ; 

beomen (r. w, ^eome) hom. 1. 197 ; bimc 239 ; 

Tor. 555 ; beme Ar. & Mer. 2320 ; brinneo 

{fires.) REL. I. 215 ; beamed H. M. 37 ; bir- 

nende, beorninde (ppie,) ^OM. I. 41, 95 ; 

berninde R. S. iv (misc. 166); bom (pret,) 

LA3. 162 1 7 ; buraen 4579 ; borne {subjJ) La^. 

38oi85 ; comp, fbr-brinnen ; deriv. brenne, 

brennen, brune, brand, 
brisel/ see br^il. briaen, see brusen. 
briaeworty see under briise. 
brist, see bruBt. 
Bristdwe, pr. n., O.E, Brycgstowe ; Bristol^ 

Rob. 277; Trev. II. 35; firistouwe [Brus- 

touwe] La). 21027. 

briteisingy see bretasce. 

britely see bruteL britnen, see brutnen. 

britoner, see brutiner. 

bri)>el9 bri)>eling, see bret'el, brej^eling. 

brixle, sb., O.N. bngsli {for ♦brig^sli) ; from 
breiden ; reproachy upbraiding; brixel, bricsl, 
brixil c. M. 103 1 9, 24044, 28196 ; comp. up- 
brlxle. 

brizlen, v., 0.N, brigsla ; reprove ; brCudes 
{pres.) A. P. iii. 345. 

bro, see brft and br$a. 

broc, sb., f menace; ]>is was hire broc {^s/ 
text ibeot) La^. 21029*. 

broOy sb., O.E. broc m. {brook), ^M.Du. broek, 
O.H.G. brooch n. {marsh) ; brook, HOM. 1. 187 ; 
snne broc La^. 10828 ; brok, brook Ch. C. t. 
A 3922 ; broke (dat.) La^. 10831 ; Langl. 
^vi. 137; A. P. 1. 141; brokes {pi,) LA3. 
31228 ; A. R. 258. 

broc-mintey sb., O.E. brocminte; brook- 
mint, voc 140. 

brocdge, sb., brokage, trade or cation of a 

broker; jobbery, Langl. i?xiv. 267, Cxvii. 

109 ; Ch. C. T. a 3375. 
br6che, sb., OJ^r. broche ; broach {spit) ; 

brooch, * vet u* voc 178 ; * monile ' 199 ; A. R. 

420 ; WiCL. Jer. iv. 30 ; {spear) L. L. R. 133 ; 

ha]> set a broche {a broach) )>e tonne Lidg. 

M. P. 164; broches (pi.) ayenb. 229 ; Langl. 

B xvii. 245 ; bruchez D. Arth. 3257. 

br6ohin, v., Fr. brocher; broach {a cask), spur 
{a horse), PR. P. 52; broching Fer. 3657; 
brdohede (/r^/.) D. Arth. 2714. 

brookOy sb.,»il/.Z>tf. brocke, O.H.G. brocco 
m.; from broken ; fragment; broc (broken 
skin) Trans. XXX. 381 ; broooan {dot. pi.) 

. Mat. XV. 37. 

broooiiry brokonTy sb., cf. medJjU. bro- 
carius ; broker^ Langl. B ii. 65, C iii. 66. 



brody sb., O.E. brord, O.N. broddr {spiculum, 
ora), cf. O.H.G. pro^ prort m. (ora) ; spike; 
brad; ear of com, * aculeus,* voc. 202 ; * claims 
acepiudus,' PR. P. 53 ; brodd & blome Orm. 
10773 ; brurdes (//.) a. p. ii. 1474. 

bmrd-fiil, adj., cf brerdfUl; full to the 
brim, A. P. ii. 383. 

brddy sb., O.E. hrod,^ Af.Du. breed, M.H.G. 
broot ; brood, O. & N. 1633 ; netes brod GEN. & 
EX. 3712 ; be lu)>er brod Rob. 70; brdde (dot.) 
o. & N. 518 ; c. M. 1507 ; he sit a brode P. L. 
s. v.* 35. 

brody see brfid. 

brodden, v., from brod ; shoot, sprout, Orm. 

10769. 
brddien, see brftdien. 
brodin, v., brood, 'foveoj PR. P. 53; see 

brdden. 
broiderer, see broudiour. 

broideries see brouderL broidin, see 
breiden. 

broilen, v., O.Fr. broiller; broil, 'fistulo, 
torreo,' VK. P. 53 ; broile Ch. C. t. A 383. 

brok, sb., 0,E. broc, cf Dan. brok, Ir., Gael. 
broc, Welsh broch; badger, ^tcucus,* PR. p. 
53 ; ' teissoun ' voc 166 ; Iw. 98 ; broekes 
(pi.) LA3. 12817 ; brokkes Trev. I. 327. 

brok, sb., O.E. hroc,^ O.N. brokkr; fnag; 

bait brok Ch. C. t. D 1543. 
}at6kB^/or br6ken» pple. of brAen; leep- 

fullis 01 broke meat WiCL. s. w. II. 14. 
br6ke-bakkid, adj., hunch back, 'gibbosus^ 

PR. P. 53 ; Gam. 72a 

brdke-footidy adj., broken footed ]^fracto 
pede% WiCL. LEV. xxi. 19. 

brdke-legged, adj., bandy-legged, Langl. 
iPvi. 138. 

br6ke-ruggety adj., hump-backed, H. M. 25. 

brdke-shankidy -schonket, adj., broken 
legged, Langl. A vii. 131. 

brokel, see brucheL broken, see broken. 

brokken, v., / murmur ; aje the crokkere to 

brokke Shor. 106 ; brokkinge {ppie.), as a 

nyghtyngale Ch. C. t. A 3377. 
brol, sb., offspring, child; broile Langl. B iii. 

204 ; brol PL. CR. 745 ; REL. II. 177 ; brollls 

(//.) WiCL. s. w. 195. 

brom, sb., O.E. brom m.,^M.Du. broem ; 
broom, ^ genista,^ frag. 3 ; voc. 140; a. P. iii. 
392 ; broom Mand. 130 ; brome (dat.) Aus. 
2492 ; brdmes (//.) [* myric(u '] WiCL. Jer. 
xvii. 6; Ch. h. f. 1226. 

Brom-holniy pr. n., Ch. C. t. A 4286. 

brond, see brandL brosen, see briisen. 

brosnien, v., O.E. brosnian*; crumble, break 
(intrans.) : )»u scalt rotien & brostnian (ffor 
brosnian) frag. 7. 

brotel, see bruteL 

bro|>9 sb., O.E. hxd6,^0Ji.G. prod n.; tfrom 



94 hrS^. 

hMowtaa ; irolh, ROB. 526 ; p. s. 334 (p. 43) i 
Mand. 350 ; Al„ (V.) 310. 

brofwl, adj., tfrom brtoSen; mirttchtd, 
LaNGL. /) xi. 61 ; brotiel (j«if/.) Gow. III. 
173 ; LUD. Gov, 317 i brot>elB {//.) pl. cr. 
773 ; see bre)>el. 

broCer [brSpflr], sb., O.E. br5«or, brc*ur,= 
Gofh. brotiar, J,.Cbrathar, bruother.O^w. 
brother, OJ^. brolSir, OJf.G. pruodcr, bnioder, 
LtU. frater, Gr. ^pan7p; brother, Laj. 3)o5 ; 
brober o. & N. n8; (»w. bro|>erT) Orm. 296; 
brofier, brother Ck, C. T. A 539 ; broder Flor. 
718; brtSer, {O.E. br6«or,-0.iV. brtfSur, 
O.//;!?. bnioder, Go/A. ;bro)i-s, IM. fratris] 
(/m.) Laj. 6741 ; bro)>er Rob. 291 ; ^9 was 
na bro))er dede (? broberdede) c. u. 3750; 
bro¥res HOM. II. 147 ; brfiSer, \0M. briber, 
O, A'. brSSur, broe^r] {dat.) rel. 1. 323; broker 
Mat. xxti. 25J brober La}. 4394; brfiSraJO.f. 
brotter, br^Tii, or6¥ra, = O.Frii, brotbera, 
brothere, OM. bri*r, Goth, brobrius, OJI.G. 
bnioder, bruodra, Lat. fratres] [pl^ Mk. x. 30 ; 
bro^ Hisc 5S ; bro1^,bre1!re, breSren HOM. 
1.7,9,111 bn^rcSAX.CHR.32; bre}>reORM. 
8369; bre^ Will. 3641; Man. (H.) 51; 
bre)iir Amad. (R.) Ix ; breder AuD. 35 ; bre- 
¥ere, bri¥ere GEN. & EX. 833, 3371 ; bri|>er 
S. S. (Wr.) 1899 ; brofren avenb. los ; bro- 
bereo Shor. 45 ; broJ^eren, bre%ren, bre%eren 
[brobers] Laj. 3101,3137, 4292; brethren a. R. 
S4 ; Jul. 40 ; brcf«ren Bek. 463 ; Mand. 223 ; 
bre)«reii, bribren Wicl.gen. ucix. 4 ; brfiSero, 
[O.E. bro¥ra,= O.N.bT^n] (gen.fil.) GEN. & 
EX. 2213; brebeme Bhd. 26; brSOreo (dot. 
pl.) Mat. xviii. 35 ; bro|iren misc. S3. 
'bto\'vT'^iA», iti., irotkerhood, AW^nz. no; 
Ch, C, T.5I233; Am, & Amiu 362; Gaw. 
2516; C. M. 1159. 

br0(>eT-rfideae (ms. -reddene), sb,, O.E. brS- 
^meden ; fraternity, hom. 1. 41 ; brojierrede 
AYENB. 110. 

brot>.fal, sb., fef. O-jV. brottfall ; fefilepsy; 
Orm. IJ504. 

brouderi, broiderie, sb., Fr. broderie ; em- 
broidery, WiCL. EXOD. xxviii. 39; browdrie 
XXXV. 33, 

brondin, v., Fr. broder ; embroider, pr. p. 
S3 ; brouded {ppU:) Ch. C, t. A 3138. 
broadiBge, brondlngr, sb., embroidery, Ch. 
C. T. A 3498. 

broudiour, brouderere, sb., Fr. brodeur ; 
broiderer, PR. P. 53; broiderer Wicl. 3 kings 
xii. 19. 

broue, see brOwe. 

brouot, sb., ^r. brouet,=/'ii/.brodetto; broth, 
PR. p. 54 ; DEF. R. ji. 51; L. c. c. 32; broUM, 
\p.Fr. broues, brow, prov.Eng. browis] ; 
^adipeUum' PR. P. S3i brouis VOC 199; 
brues 366; and soupid of \b brouwis a sope 
Rich. 3077 ; brois Hav. 924. 



brttgge. 

broDken, M» brOkon. broon, j« brOn. 
broasoh-, see bnuob-. bronwSt see 

brfkWB. 
[browe, ah.f—Af.Du. brQwe (broth); comp. 

fiao-broire]. 
br(i0ho,»b.,a£.bryce,-=jV.ZJw.breulc,O-ff:G. 

pruh, bruch \Jrom brfinn ; breach; violation; 

crime ; H. u. w ; Rob. 26 ; rel. I. 341 ; at ^ 

funneste bniche bat he fond helepin II, 372; 

formonnes bTuche Kath. 1210; brecbe LK. 

xxtv. 35 ; bructaes (pl.) spec 30 ; |>e bruches 

of hire bodi Kath. 1615 ; bruohen (dat.pl.) 

Marh. 21 ; i bote of ^os bnichen A. R. 28 ; 

comp. A-, burh-, Krif>', mund-, nahlp-, 

■piu-bruche (-briohe). 
briiobe, adj., O.E. hTy<x,-'Goth. bruks, OM. 

G.ptiich; fromhrOkaa; useful; bricheREL. 

I. 225 ; Man. (F.) i 1406. 
briiohel, a dj.,=Af ./)«., M.L.G. brolcel ; from 

brdken ; brittle ; Kath. 3039 ; a. r. 164 ; 

brukel, broke] M.H. 120, 154; brokil ^fragilis' 

PR. P. S3; Langl. Cxi. 47*; h. v. &; of 

brokelekende SHOR.3 ; braofaelure (compar.) 

A. R. 164. 
bruebelnoMe, sb,, fragility, P. l. r, p. 

251 ; brukilnesse QUAIR cxciv. 
[brfid, sb., O.E. bryd, brygd; frwH breldeii; 

co/np. up-brud]. 
brude, sb., O.E. bryd,=0.i.G. brild, OJ/.G. 

prut, brii^ O.iV. bru¥r, Goth, brubs ; bride, 

A. R. 164; H. M. 5; MISC. 91; HORN (L.) 

1058 ; p. s. 239 ; brede Mat, xxv. 1 ; Al. (T.) 
129; brid Orm. 14194; bride pr. p. 50; 
Hav. 3131; Ch, C. T. £1818; brude (//w 
burde) Laj. 294. 

br^d-ale, sb., O.E. br^dealo ; bridal, HORN 
(L.) 1032; R£L, I. 265; bruid-, bridale 
Langl. B'n. 43 ; bridale Oru. 14003; gen. 
& EX, 1674; OcTAV. (H.) 1702 ; bredale MISC. 



29; 



I. 118. 



brud-ffiune, sb., O.E. brydguma,=0.£.C 
brudigumo, O.H.G. brutigomo ; bridegroom, 
Marh. 19; bridgume Orm. 10422; bredgume 
Mat. ix. is; misc. 39 ; bredgome avenb. 
233 ; bred^umen {gen?) Mk. ii. 19. 

briid-l*o, sb., O.E. brydlSc ; nuptiais, Jul. 
7 ; H. M. 3. 

brud-Jrtng, sb. O.E. bryd^ing; nuptials, 
MISC. 99. 
briigge,sb.,0.£'.brycg,=aA'.bryggja,0-Fw'j. 
bregge, O.H.G. brucca; bridge, Lu. 19342; 
Will. 3140J Langl. 5 v, 601 ; bngge Ch. 
C. t. A 3922 ; Man, (H.) 341 ; Mand. 7; 
)« brigge ... a] of marbre imad is sche Fer. 
1680; )>e brigge of ^ nose VOC. 183 ; bregge 
B. DISC. I3J2; bru£ga {gen.) RoB. $39; 
brCigge {dot.) a. r. 342 ; brigge Hoccl. I. 
190; briiLgg«D {pl.) Rob. sS5 I brigges Sax. 
CHR. 354 ; comp. drabt-, tu-briicgo. 



brdgge. 



briiBtlien. 



95 



liirigge*b5te» sb., O.E. brycgbdt ; repairing 
or restoration of a bridge^ rel. I. 33. 
brigge-ward, sb., bridge keeper^ Fer. 1700. 

bruggen, v., 0.E, brycgian, MX.G. bniggen ; 
bridge \ briggaden (pret,) HOM. II. 91; 
ibr^Kged (pple,) LA3. 21376. 

bruk, s»b., Lat, bruchus ; a kind of locust^ 
WiCL. LBV. xi. 2; bruik Hamp. PS. civ. 
32. 

bruken, v., 0.E, brucan {pret. brSac),-* 
OJ^C brucan, brukan, 0,Fris,^ OJ^, brulca, 
^Goth. brukjan, 0,H,G, pruhban, pruchen; 
enjoy i use^ A. R. 202 ; H. M. 33 ; Orm. 2154 ; 

tat bred bruken HOM. 11.9^; bruken fbrouke] 
le heo ]K)hte LA3.4800 ; bruken nanes drenches 
19755 ; broken 15334 ; aelra )MLra )nnge }« on 
paiadis beo^ )»u most bruce HOM. I. 121 ; 
bruke Misc 76; brouke Langl. ^xi. 117; 
Ch. C. t. E 2308 ; so mote ich brouke finger 
or to Hav. 1743 ; broke P. L. s. xiv. 51 ; Fer. 
3484; to brukene HOM. I. 105; brouke 
(fires,) P. S. 332 ; brukest HOM. I. ill ; bxlio 
Itmper,) GEN. & ex. 1831 ; bruc his [brouk 
hit] on wunne La^. 24180; broke Amad. (R.) 

Ixi; ^rrV. bruche. 

brun, adj., 0,E, brun,«=O.A^. brunn, 0,I/,G, 
prun ; broTtm, c m. 18833 » broun Ch. C. t. 
A 207 ; mi brune her Misc 193 ; of broune 
here Rob. 429 ; hire browe broune SPEC. 28 ; 
]« brune (sb.) Hav. 2181 ; this feire broune 
IS sone to the kinge Mer. xxi. (373). 

briiney sb., O.E, bryne, byme, cf O.N, bruni, 
m.j' from brinnen ; bum^ burnings HOM. I. 
203 ; LA3. 8355 ; H. M. 9 ; )>e brune of gohiesse 
A. R. 254 ; buses brune O. & N. 1155 ; bringen 
on brune set on fire Kath. 1364; brene 
AYENB. 264 ; / comp, herte-bren. 

brin-fiTy sb., burning fire ; brimfir GEN. & 
EX. 754; brinfireB {gen^ 1164. 

brendfier-rein, sb., gen. & ex. i i 10. 

briin-Btftn, sb., ' sulphur^ PS. x. 7 ; PR. C. 
4853; brunston Misc. 1^0; brun-, brin-, 
brenston, WiCL. gen. xix. 24, PS. x. 7; 
brinston P. L. s. xxi. 143 ; A. p. ii. 967 ; ant. 
Arth. XV ; bren-, bemston ayenb. 49, 73 ; 
bronston Man. (F.) 14684* ; lud. Cov. 308 ; 
bomston voc 211 ; see bren-stdsu 

brtbien^ v., 3= 0,H,G, brunen ; become brown ; 
bronni}> (pres,) Alis. 3293. 

brfinie, sb., 0,E, byme,= (?.A^. brynja, O.L,G,^ 
Goth, brunjo, O.H,G, pninja ; coat of mail^ 
A. R. 382 ; R. s. iv; Horn (L.) 591 ; brunie, 
bume LA3. 1553, 6718; bruni Alis. 1869; 
Gaw. 2012; brinie Hav. 1775; brenie HOM. 
I. 243 ; breni ant. Arth. xU ; bume hom. I. 
155 ; buman (//.) La^. 1701. 

briixiiedy adj., provided with a coat of meal : 
breniede (//.) knightes D. Arth. 316 ; see 
^brunied. 

Bmxiney pr. n., Boum^ Man. (F.) 135. 

bnixiswixiy see under brim« 



bmnty sb., brunt^ ^impetusj PR. P. 54; A. P. 
i. 176; bront LiDG. M. P. 261 ; bronte S. Q. 
w. 3166. 

brurd, see brod. 

brusoh, sb., Ital, brusco ; brushy brushwood^ 
* bruscus; PR. P. 54 ; Man. (F.) 8338. 

bniBOhalley sb., Fr. broussaile ; brushwood \ 
PR. p. 54. 

bruflohe, sb., Itcd, brusca ; brush : wiped it 
with a brushe Langl. B xiii. 460. 

bruflohe, brouflh, sb., forcible rush^ Alex. 
783 ; at a brush Alex. 2133. 

bniBOheiit v., brush (clothes) ; brusche B. B. 
180. 

bruBOhexiy v., rush with force \ bruaohes 
(pres,) Alex. 963 ; bruschese D. Arth. 168 i ; 
brusshet D. Troy 1192; brusohid (Pret,) 
WiNT. viii, xiii. 93. 

brusohety sb., thicket^ Haluw. 215; Fer. 
800. 

[brfisOy sb., t bruise] 

brise-wort, sb., O.E. brysewyrt (Leechd. I. 
374); bruise-wort y *' anagallis^ LEECHD. II. 
373 ; ^consolida major ^ III. 316. 

bruseiiy v., 0,E, brysan (b. d. d. 49), 0,Fr. 
bruisier, brisier ; bruise^ break \ bruse WiCL. 
DEUT. ix. 3 ; brisen HOM. II. 61 ; Hav. 1835 ; 
brisin ^guasso* PR. P. 52; brese Pall. i. 913 ; 
brusede (pret,) Jos. 501 ; brusden L. H. R. 
40; brisid (pple.) WiCL. Lr. xx. 18 ; bresid 
Flor. 103; Triam. 237; comp, for-, to- 
bruaan. 

brusily ?A),y fragile ; brisill, ^fragilis^ CATH. 
44; H. s. 8571 ; bresil Hamp. ps. ii. 11. 

briisty sb., O.E. byrst (loss\=M.L,G, burst, 
borst (wantf defect), O.H,G, brust (breaking) ; 
from bresten ; damage y defect , injury ; burst 
Laj. 1610 ; SPEC 24 ; brist E. T. 833 ; PR. C 
6205 ; brist, birst c M. 6344 ; biintes (pi.) 
La^. 2461. 

briiste, sb., O.E. byrst, «= O.N. burst, bust, 
O.H.G. purst ; bristle ; J)e brust(e) of a swin 
Ell. ROM. II. 322. 

briisteiiy v., cf Ger. bursten, Dan.h6rsit\ beat\ 
ofte hi him bete and burste (r. w. nuste) Al. 
(T.) 331 ; biirsted, ibirsted (pple.) La^. 18950; 

E3U were betin and brist Map 336 ; see 
usten. 

briiBten, v., O.AT.byrsta (>!^/^.byrstr); f clothe 
with bristles \ bruat ase a bore P. S. 151 ; 
ibrusted (sec. /^jr/\ibrustled) mid golde La^ 

3639. 

brii8tleySb.,">^.Z>f/. borstel; bristle \ brustel 
K. T. 777 \ brustile, bristile, burstil * seta* 
PR. P. 52; bristile Townl. 100; bniatelia 
(pi.) Alis. 6621 ; brustles, bristles, berstles 
Cfn. C. T. ^556; bristles Trev. II. 217; 
brostles Bev. 748. 

bruBtlien^ v., bristle ; bristled (pple.) Alis. 
5722; yt bristlede boor Ch. Boet. iv. 7 



96 



brostUen. 



(148); tbOntled (ibntstled) mid itele La). 

1609s. 
bnutlieiit v., clatter, clash : and bnutla)' 

{fires.) as a monkel froise Gow. 11. 93; 

Igruatladsn sceldes La^ 20143. 
brfiaure, sb., O.Fr. brisure; iruiu, breaefi, 

Will. 2461; WjCL. lev. xxiv. 20; brissure 

• ^v^satio ' PR. p. 53 ; broiure WlCL. 3 £s. 

Briit, pr. n., O.E. Bryt; BriUn, iJC^ 6401 ; 

Brtttt«i( dat.pl.) ;36a 
Brat-Iond, pr. n., Britain, La;. 3194. 
Brut-Uodea, pr. n. {pi.) British natioti, 

Laj. 14626. 
Brfitame, Britaine, pr. n., Fr. Bretagne; 

Britain, Laj. 1395. 
briitel,adj.,>o»i 0.£'.brSotan=O.A'.briott; 

MMe, Trev. IV. 91 ; brutel, britel Gow. L 

33 (Haluw. 315); brutel, britel, brotel 

Langl. B viii. 42 ; bnitel, brotel Ch. C. T. 

£ 1279; britil, brotil Wici. 2 COR. iv. 7; 

brotel Shor. 5 ; ayenb. 139. 
brotsl-hMe, sb.,Jhiilfy, AYENB. 130. 
brUtslitMae, sb., Jn'tf/M^M, Trev. 11. 319 ; 

Ch. C. t. E 1379. 
Brlitene, pr. n., O.E. Bryttn, Breoten; 

Britain; Bnitenne, Bruttene ,Laj. 2509, 

7130; on Breoiene frag. 5. 
Brfitiner, sb., inhabilani 0/ Brittany, Lancl. 

j4 vii. 142; biUoner ^vi. 178; britoneie 

£vi. is6. 
Brfitiao, adj., O.E. Brytisc; British, L-^. 

6318. 
brfitlen, v.j-'brutneii, cf. Sc. brittle; hew 

in pieces : seint Thomas wes biscop, and 

baruaes him qvolde ; heo brutleda (pret.) 

him MISC. 92. 
brdbieii, v., cf. Swed. brytning (Jracture) ; 

/_^briitt«n; break up,dividt,hew in pieces; 

brutteoe Will. 1133; brittene Hav. 3700; 

D. Artu. 963 ; briitiiwl {pret,) Will. 1073 ; 

bretinid Halliw. 3ioi brltnnl ( M/e.) Orm. 

14178; britned, britteoed Gaw. 2, 6S0; cemp. 

tar-, to-brutnen. 
brfittan, v., O.E. (for-, tojbryttan, brittan, 

OJV. brytja ; ireai in pieces : |>e dede bodi 

bci britteu Man. (H.) 344 ; annp. Oa-, to- 

brfittan. 
Brfitliii, pr. n., Fr. Breton ; a Briton ; brutOns 

ipi.) LAJ. 1958. 
[brii)>en, sb., O.E. bry¥en, fivm brBow«n ; 

act 0/ brewing.] 
bratwn-Ud, sb., brewing^lead, R. S. v (uisc. 

tSa). 
brOve, sb.,'^!?.^, brii, briiw (^/.bKia,bruwB), 

VOC. 43,64,383; brow; \irQ{\i)t' superdlium' 

VOC 179, 183; PR. P. S3! B- DISC 883; 

brawan {pi.) Laj. 33383 i bniwes hom. IL 

313; bro(u)wen SPEC 39; brouwes z. T. 

417; UISC 32S; (km. browa) Sfcc 34; 



bA|en. 

' Tor. I4S4; bniei, broues C h.'Bo79; broaes 
KEL. \. 54 ; bro<a)w»Q (dat.pl.) BRD. 19. 

bfio, Sb., 0£. buc,«.OJ:.G. buc, O.N. bukr, 
OJI.G. bub, puch; belly, paunch, body, 
FRAG. 6; Jul, 7 J ; o. & N. 1133; a bouk of 
a motoun Man. (H.) 174; bOkM (gen.) 
REi. I. 3iS; bOke (dat.) hom. 1. 2S ; a. r. 
134 ; bouke Ch. C. t. A 2746 ; boukea (pi.) 
Aus. 3946; bOkea {dat.pl.) Laj. 17319. 

biioota«d(Pbfioohed),adi.,?->bl(Mhad; ait 
■ch was . . . and neb dun fallen, and mine fan 
derve swa bucched and iwa kene hou. L 377. 

buoke, sb., 0£. bucc, bucca, cf. O.N. bukkr, 
O.H.G. poch, boch ; buck, ke-guat, a. R. 100 ; 
bucke, bukke Ch. C. t. B 1946; bukke Trev. 
1. 339; Man. (F.) 15749; bucc Orm. 1140; 
buokw (gen.) buckes [bukkes) bom Ch. C. t. 
■4 3387; buokes (pl^ HOM. II. 37; bukkes 
Orm. [330 ; eomp. goot-, rft-bukka. 

Bn(a)kingluun, pr. n., O.E. Buccinga ham ; 
Buckingham, UISC. 146. 

bndde, sb., bud, 'gemma,' fr. p. 54 ; Fall. 
iii. 1144; buddia (Pi-) Lidg. u. P. 317. 

buddon, v., bud, 'gemmo,' pr. p. 54. 

bode, sb., weevil, 'polumita^ voc 255 ; boude 
'gurguUo ' PR. p. 46 ; a>mp. Mluun-budo. 

blidol, sb., a£'.bydd,=a^.G.butil ;>«»»• 
beoden; beadle, hom. L 117; Kath. 1938; 
o. & N, 1169; SPEC 33; bidel Orm. 97 ; 
budul Langl. A ii. 77; bedel Langu Bii. 
109 ; Lk. xii. 58 ; WiCL. gen. xii. 43 ; bOdales 
(gen.) HOM. I. 99; budelea {pi.) Jul. 17; 
P. s. 151 ; bedeles hou. I. 337 ; avenb. 37, 

buen, see bSon. 

baen, v., OJV. bfia (fifile. buinn), 0X.C. bilaj), 
O.H.G. ptian, buan, buwan, Goth, banas; 
ban {ppie.), cf.prov.Eng. boun ; ready, pre- 
pared, Orm. S23; c M. 14992 ; boun SPEC 
100; Will. 1138; Jos. 461; Man. (F.) 
4766 ; Tor. 2044 ; Egl. 583 ; sche was boun- 
to goon Ch. C. t. ^1503; see buskan; 
comp. ja-bUan ; deriv. btir, bl, blg)[an. 

boeren, see liAren. bufen, see blavsn. 

buiRu^ sb., f/ool, Lidg. m. p. 33. 

btiil^, sb., blow, buffet, Av. Arth. iv. 

buffian, v., ef. L.Ger. bulTen, Du. bof&n ; 
stutter; 'boBsm{ppU^)'Ro^ ^i\; j^puflta. 
buffere, sb., stutterer: of bnftbraa (pi.) 
'balborum' WiCL. Is. xxxiL 4. 

bnilbt, sb., O.Fr. buffet, mod.Eng. buffet; 
blow with the hand; a sort of stool, A. R. 
182; Will. 4700; pr. C s^os; buffat, boRat 
Wiou John xviii. 23 ; buffet, boffet ' alapa, 
tripes' PR. P. 41, 54, 55; bufbtaa boffetes 
(>/.)CL.ii48. 

bufitatin, v., O.Fr. buffeter; buffit, 'alt^ 
PR. P. S4 ; buflbtede, buffeted (fret.) Langl. 
B vi. 178 ; buffeteden A. R. 106. 
buffatunga, sb., buffeting, HOM. I. 207. 

b&jen, V, O.E. bugan, ~ Jf.i7«. buighen, Getk. 



Ungu^ OJt.G. ^n^as, O.N. binga, Lai. 
liigm, Gr. ^vyw, motLEng. bow; bmd, 
/Km, Awra atidt, bow ; to gcMcs bord buKcn 
(^) UOM. II. 93 ; binen [bouiai] ut of (dde 
LJ^. 5386 ; >c him buwen nmuwe] wolden 
3700 ; bujbeD Orh. 6637 ; -igdi ^ niut to ure 
wil buhcn (mbwaf) & beien Juu 37 ; buwen 
A. R. 33; boiue AVKNB. 8; he ul bonghe 
bim ['//u&'muMm'J ps. ix. 31; tobowemto 
tebeDtDKGK.5s; bam (/nu.) hou. 1. 191 ; 
bfihV [0^. byli%] A. K. 366 ; buh> Uisc. 96 ; 
bou««f C L, 1305 ; bouwes jos. 571 ; Will. 
948 ; beo buhee to him Kath. 365 ; bob 
{imfitr.) Marh. so; huh from uvele \_'df 
eHna a maio'\ HOH. I. 117; boiq ayxnb. 
bowetb Langl. B v. 575 ; bUia 



Imle. 



97 



(n^:) Kath. 1484; bOlnds (pfiie.) 

18 ; bAs) [fftt-) AYENB. 339 ; beah Ju ... 

beh, bach Laj. 4745, 15740; ^ beh \benf) ha 



Ui-77; 



' ke swire Marh. 33 ; and beh him 
twrd SPEC S4 ; ich beih to be deotle A. S. 
304 ; bei), beih c l. 338 ; bei) Al. (T.) 433 ; 
bd RBL. II. 376; bxh Orm. 8961 ; bi^an 
{pr*f.pi) L.A3. 346S3 ; bujen to fulehte BOU. 
1.91; bojen AYEMB. 84; Gaw. 3077; bulla 
(atbj.) Kath. 2400* ; comp. »-, ui-, U-, fat-, 
M-bfij«n; deriv. bSi^ Mjen, b^«la, Ujt, 

boiqlnga, ab., htit^ng, avsnb. 153. 

bngge, ri>., / Wtlsk bwg ; iugitM-, ^Ort, PR. 

P.SS- 
bfiggen, v., O.f. b^cgan, bit^fan,- O.Z,(;. 

buggean, (ToM. bugjan; ^7, hoh. I. 163; 

Kath. 1633'; a. R. 308; o. & if. 1368; an. 

LIT. 9; bugge C I. I1I3; beggen Lx. ix. 

13; Angu I. 10; biggcD Orh, 15793; 

buj^n [bigge, b^gin] Lanci. A iv. 76 ; 

bigge Alis. 5494 \^- A^; E- G. 353 ; bigge, 

begge Trey. II. 19; bigge, bie WiCL. GEN. 

slL 41, 57; bene ayknb. 33; bigeo gen. 

& EX. 3166 ; buie p. I. S. xxv, 49 ; bien, bie 

PS. cxxix. 8; bien, beie Ch. C. T. C1346, 

C84S ; bie HoccL. iii. 31 ; beie Hav. 53 ; 

OcTOV. (W.) 388; blliB (jKmj.) hom. II. 157 ; 

bu% A. R. 148 ; bu> HOH. I. 185 ; uisc. 63 ; 

bui^ H. H. 85; beiS Angl. I. 15; bai^ 

AYENB. 33; ()«) bugEe> HOH. I. iSj ; b^e 

John xiil. 39; (hco) bu^C a. r. 190; big- 



gefc PL. CR. 360 ; b&je {imper.) Laj. 3081 

bagge [bigge] {iubj.) Lai. 3556; bohw 

(prtt.) Laj. 4799 ; (ms. bohhle) Orh. 711 ; 

bojte AYENB. 133; boujtc WiCL. GEN. XIV. 

10; bohtestsPEC58; bouhten A. RJ363; p. s. 
339 ; boht (ppU) H. h. 97 ; boght Octav. 
(H.) 589 ; comp. a-, for-, ]e-busgen. 

bfii»era, sb., buyer; biggere, beggere HOH. 
II. 313; biggere E. G. 355 ; bJiggSTM {//.) 
LEB. JBS. 856; biggeres Mand. 86; comp. 
lAnd-b&ssen. 

bflggims«, lb., O.E. bycgung ; buying, k. R. 
363 ; buggingf [v. r. biggingej Lancl. B 



rat. 330 ; begginge AYENB. 38 ; biing (»- 

demption) PS. cxxix. 7. 
bfigil, ab., OJ^r. bugle; tki plant catttd 

bnglt, Lido. h. p. 199; bugle voc (W. W.) 

SS4- 
bijgle, sb., OJ'r. bOgle, ZmI. bucnius, 4nw. 

Eng.\>\xg\K', ymmg bull; buffalo j ' bubalus' 

PR. P. 55; WtCL. DEUT. xiv. 5; bugetla 

(bu^-Mom) Tor. 143; bOglsa (pi.) Ali& 

5113; Mand. 369. 
bagI»4Mrn, ab., Aus. 53S3 ; Ch. C. T. F 

"S3- 
buh-sam, adj., t O.Ei bGhBum,-i7M. buig- 

laam, Gtr. biegiam, mod.Eiw. buxom ; frowt 

Item e/'bt^en ; flexible, obeiSeitt, HOH. 1. 57 ; 

Kath. 1805; a. r. 356; Orh. 6176; uisa 

139 ; buxum gen. & EX. 980 ; buxom WiLL. 

3085; buxome LANGL.^i. no; FLOR.1735; 

H. H. 63 ; a»np. au-bOhmim. 
blUiBnm-Iiaha, adv., obediently, HOH. I. 

315; biuomelich LANGL.^xii. 114 ; buxomli 

Mand. 83 ; buxuiqli Hoccl. vi. 53. 
bohaTimnaaae. sb., hoh. I. 73 ; h, h, 41 ; 

buxumntsse ' obtdientia ' PR. P. 57. 
builden. see bOldea, boile, lee bOla. 
boina, sb., tpurcMate, buying; ^nh dtfi- 

nesse ne beo noui buine [bone] f'ncH 

ematur'1 a. r. 368 ; wiVuten buae {v. r. 

buggtiB£e) 363*; wibuten bune HOH. I. 

185. 
boiat, see bolata. baistooa, see botatooa. 
bnket, see bcdcet. bnl. see boL 
bnl, bule, sb., O.Fr, boul ; t/aluhood, a IL 

3137a 
baloh, see Inilke. 
bnlehin, ib., diminut. ef bula: youiie hilL 

Man. (H.) 174. 
biild, sb., ikwj' ; bild Haluw. 175 ; pl.cr. 

1 57 ; bUda [dal.) A. P. i. 963 ; boldaa (pi.) 

'aedificia' TreV. II. 71. 
bfllden. v., OM. byldan; build, La). 3656; 

Kath. 1657; buildeo Langi. £xii. 338; 

bilden [bulden, builden] Ch. C t. Z>I977; 

bulde Fer. 3377 ; bildcLUD. Cov.30; belden 

PL. CR. 706 ; belde Trist. 3810 ; Man. (H.) 

135 ; to belde [live) and to bide in blisse D. 

Arth. 8; biilde (pret.) Laj. 39318; Roa 

31 ; Trev. II. 75; bUded (pple.) MaMD. 

58 ; Ibuld Fl. St BL. 643 ; ^i bur is sone 

ibuld R. S. V. 

bulldlsga, sb., building, TrEV. 1-19; a 
buildinge heo was leb. JeS. 871; bildinge, 
beldinge ' oediRcatio ' PR. p. 30 ; beldinge PL. 
CR. 501 ; beldmg Gener. 344. 

bnlder-atda,$b.,=^ii';i/.bullerslea; boulder- 
stone, Hav. 1790. 

bnlo. sb.,- MX.G. bulk, M.Du. bulle, bolle, 
OJV, boli; bull, Orm. 990; bulle 'taurus' 
VOC. 187; bole ^taurus' voc. I77; PR. P. 
43; Hat. 3438; Trev. VII. 445; Man. 



98 



bule. 



burble. 



(F.) 478 ; bole (r/».) : sines btsk hade La). 
14187 ; bule (m.) Kath. 61 ; bules, boles 
PS. xlix. 13 ; botes Langl. B xi. 333 ; Ch. C. 
T. Aaisg; bulles WiCL. gen. xxxsi. 15 ; boolis 
Heb. ix. 13. 

bole-h5d6ySb.,^//-^'£^, La^. 141 87*; Brd. 
5 ; bolehide ROB. 116. 

bfile, sb., O.E. byl, = CFn's. bgl, AfX.G. 
bule, AftDu. buile, Kf,H.G, biule, prov.Eng. 
bile; b<nl\ bile *gidbus^ voc 207; ^ ulcus' 
267 ; ^pustula ' PR. P. 36 ; beel WiCL. LEV. 

xiii. 18* ; bula (//.) leechd. III. 84; bules 
[t/. r. biles, belis, boilus] Langl. Cxxiii. 84; 
biles ' ulcera^ WiCL. exod. ix. 9; beles ayenb. 
234. 

bulge, sb., O.Fr, boulge, bouge, cf, mod,Eng, 
bulge, bilge; bag; swelling; bubble^ Iw. 
063 ; bouge * bulga ' PR. p. 46 ; bouge * uter^ 
WiCL. PS. bcxvii. 13 ; *gibbus^ LEV. xxi. 30* ; 
boge Man. (F.) 11197; bulges (pL) Trev. 
VII. 385 ; comp. water-bulge. 

bnlgity adj., f bulged; they com . • . with 
bolgit schipis REL. IL 24. 

biili, see bell. 

bulke, sb., 0.N, bulki, cf. mod.Eng. bulk; 
hei^^ hump ; bolke ' cumulus ' PR. p. 43 ; 
bowk GRAIL xxviii. 189 ; bulohee (pL) humps 
Map 338. 

bulken, v., sMke, beat ; on her brestes gon 
thei bulk (pres.) c M. 18511. 

bttlle, sb., Lat, buUa ; bull {episcopal or papal\ 
Rob. 473 ; ayenb. 62 ; Langl. A prol. 66. 

bulloke, sb., O.E. bulluc; bullock, ^buculusi 
voa 177; bulluc A. s. 4; bullok pr. p. 

55- 

bulten* v,,^Swed, bulta (P-^pulten) ; knock, 
A. R. 366* ; boltld (pret.) WiNT. IX. viii. 
162 ; bult D. TRoy 7476. 

btdten, v., 0,Fr. buleter, //a/, burattare ; bolt 
(sift) meal; bulte PR. P. 55 ; Ch. C. t. ^^4430; 
bulled ipple.) brsed Orm. 992 ; bulted flour 
Lidg. m. p. 98. 

btiltinge, sb., boiling, sifting, PR. p. 55. 
bumbin, bummin, v., » Ger. bummen, 
Du, bommen ; hum, make a booming sound, 

* bombiMo, bombilo,* PR. p. 55 ; bumblth 
{pres.) : as a bitor bumbith {v. r, bumbli)>) 
Ch. C. t. D 972 ; bommeb (drinks) Langl. 
^vii. 139; bummede (pret.) Langl, Ay. 
137 ; bummed B v. 223. 

btunblen, v.,^Swed. bumbla, bumla (Rietz 
65) ; bumble : as a bitor bumbll)' [bumle]>, 
bombleth] (pres.) in be mire Ch. C. T. Z> 972 
(Wr. 6554). 

bSxne, see bfime. 

bunohe^ sb., htimp ; bunches (pi.) Map 344. 

bunohon, v., « Z)u. bonken ; beat, strike, 

* tundo,' PR. P. 55 ; )>ei bonohen (pres.) heire 
brestis Haluw. 194; bonoheda (pret.) 



Langl. A prol. 71 ; bonched [v. r. bunchede] 
jS.prol. 74. 

buxidel, sb., cf. MJDu. bundel ; fivm binden ; 
bundle, ^ fasciculus i PR. P. 55 ; WiCL. s. Sol. 
i. 12 ; JER. ii. 32 ; bundels (//.) Misc 212. 

bune^ sb., O.E. bune; hollow stem; red(e) 
bunne * calamus^ PR. P. 55; he nim]i verst 
his pricke and his bonne (f printed boune) 
AYENB. 150; voiding of bunis (f barrels) (pi.) 
Halliw. 219 ; a deed sparde of bonis (ether 
ofherdis of flex) ['favilla stuppae'\ WiCL. 
Is. i. 31. 

bfine, see buine. 

[bunen, v., comp. to-btbien.] 

bunge» sb., bung, * lura,* PR. p. 55. 

bunne, sb., bun, 'placenta,' PR. p. 55 ; B. B. 
130 ; bonn(e)8 (pi.) N. P. la 

bunne, see bune a/s^ bounds. 

bunsen, v., cf. L.Ger. bunsen, Du. bonzen, 
mod.Eng. bounce; knock, beat, A. R. 188; 
tundere J^at is bete and bounse Trev. I. 281. 

bunt, sb., bunt ; the bunt of the saile Halliw. 
219. 

bunten, v.,?Bbulten; tsift^ bolt; bonte)> 
(pres^ J>et mele ayenb. 93. 

bunting, sb., bunting (a bird), 'praUllusi PR- 
P. 56 ; bounting SPEC. 4a 

blip, sb., O.N. byrr (gen. byrjar), m.; impetus, 
strong wind, speed, Gaw. 290 ; A. P. iii. 148 ; 
bir M. H.page xvii : to him he stirt wi)> bir ful 
grim Iw. 1661 ; bire (dot.) Alex. 711 ; here 
Flor. 65^; wij) bure 'cum impetu* WiCL. 
Judith xiv. 2. 

bur, sb., O.E., O.N. bur n.^O.H.G. pur, bur, 
m.; from btlen ; bower (lady's room), A. R. 
34 ; Marh. 21 ; R. s. v (misc 178) ; ^ bur 
o. & N. 958 ; aenne bur La^. 29218 ; hour 
Hav. 2072 ; h. h. 32 ; bor a. p. i. 963 ; bOrss 
(gen.) o. & N. 652; bures [boures] La). 
J«io62; boures Ch. C. t. W3367; btkps 
(dat.) Orm. 3323 ; HORN (L.) 286 ; boure 
AYENB. 226; Will. 1760; Gaw. 853; in 
boure ant in halle P. s. 193; bouve (pi.) 
Fl. & Bl. (H.) 66o*; bures Laj. 5982; 
bouren (£^.//.) La^. 2025. 
btb^Kmi]lt, sb., bower-servant, La}. 1896a 
bOr-maiden, sb., bower^maiden, PR. p. 56 ; 
bourmatden rel. II. 175. 

btkr-ISeinfSb., O.E. bur^c^ ; bower^servtmt^ 
chamberlain; buiYeine LA3. 1 5357; burb- 
)>eines (//.) 13716. 

btkr-ward, sb., guardian of the chamber^ 
La3. 19176. 

bour-woman, sb., maid, WiCL. S. w. II. 9. 

bur, sb*., O.E. (ge)bur, « OJI.G. bur, mod. 
Eng. boor ; husbandman ; ?beuir REL. 1. 187 ; 
?bouer Lidg. m. p. 192 ; comp, )s-b11r« 

burble, burbulle, sb., bubble, 'bulla,' PR. p. 
56 ; burbels (pi.) s. a. L. i68. 



bubble, PR. p. 56; burbeUt (firet) D. Trov 
3697- 

boroh, set borj. burdt see bord. 

1riird«, 8b. [tO.E. byrdu, jfox. e/byrdc, '0/ 
Migkrank');taify,maiiien,lji\.lg3.7i; Marh. 
17 ; Will. 683 ; Gaw. 753 ; buirde C. l. 
863 ; P. L. S. XXX. 41 ; K. T. 374 ; buirde 
Langl. a iii. 14 ; berde Civ. 15 ; birde Perc. 
1289; berde Degr. 759; beerde H. V, 13; 
bOrds {gen. pi.) Marh. 31. 

[bnrda, adj. ; rom^. (>Uft-bBrde.] 

bfirde, j« bOrSa. 

bnrd&n, sb., Lai. burda ; mule ; bnrdSnM 
{pi.) {tarlier ver. burdowns) Wicl. 4 kings 
V. 17. 

bard^*, sb., OJ'r. bourdon ; book stud, fr. 
P. S6. 

bordOn', sb,, pilgrim's staff; Staff; burdoti 
Horn (L.) 1061 ; bordon Bev. 2063 ; bordon 
[burdoun, bordon] Langl. ^ vi. 8 ; P. s. 150 ; 
Imt. burdowne) WiNT. viii. xxviii. 56. 

bnrddn't sb., OJ^r. bourdon, bordon, MAf. 
Eng. buiilen {o/a simg) ; bourdon,undersong \ 
bordouD [bordoun] CB. C. T. A 673. 

bnreh, see bur;. 

bom, sb., O.Fr. burel ; a coarse woollen stuff, 
p. 5. 331 ; borel derke {lay clerk) GOW. I. 5 ; 
bord man {plain man) Ch. C. T. (W.) I 1038 ; 
borel men {laymen) 13691 ; ^anne shal borrl 
[tnirel] derkcs ben abaschM Langl. Bx. 386. 

bun, bnreh, sb., 0'.E. burg, burh, buruh, 
— O.L.G. burg, O.H.G. burg, purg, OJV. borg, 
Golk. baurgs /. (mJXte), modEng. borough ; 
fart, castle, borough; Imrr&w ; o. & N. 766 ; 
bur% boruj L. H. R. 54; but}, botj Gaw. 
3,359; biirgCEK.& EX. 1837; burh KATH.4ti ; 
Oru. 7262 ; ane h^ burh [borj] Lai. 3iB ; 
bas burh [borh] 6050 ; |ier he {the boar) burh 
hafv^ idiosen 13312; burcb Sax. chr. 
349 ; HOU. L 235 ; burgb Aus. 3056 ; Isuu. 
J47; buruh 'ufAt' frag. 4; hom. I. 93; 
buruh wiVuten wal A. R. 74; of )>ere buruh 
54 ; bor;, boru ROB. 47, 73 ; bourgh Gow. L 
30; Lincolne \^ gode bora Hav. 773 {spelt 
bonr 847); burwj fl. Cr. 118; burwhe 
PR. F. 56; buri HOH. L 353; bfinsh., 
\O.E. byrig] (<*»/.) HOM. II. 31, 33; buiej 
Fuflc BL.a!3; buri frag. 4; ben (mj. bery) 
Mat. xxiii. 34 ; bin GSK. 8c EX. 3357 ; 
tnrie how. I. 325 ; bui3e, burhe, buric 
[borwe, borewe] Laj. 393, 3168, 3553, 4364. 
9888; burie rel. 1. 183; bureh, burcwe 
msc 39, 55; borghe Langl. £vi. 308; 
borwe Wili. 1889 ; bOrh, [0.£. byrig] {pi:\ 
HOM. 1. 13 ; burh, buri^, burbjes [borewes] 
La}. 3657, 9938, 15364; batches Oru. 69S3 ; 
buighea Ch. C. t. Z>87o; bourghes Lidg, 
M. P. 310 ; bnrcui, bunen (dot, pi.) Mat. 
xi. I, xiv. 13; burden [boiewe] IIaj. 6165 ; 
MOT^, UUM-, Uno-, mOdar-burh. 
burl-bold, iti-tPaloft, Kath. 44a 

t Ji 



bflrjen. 99 

bnrob-'lniohe, sb., 0£. burg-, burh-, buruh- 
bryce, -brice ; * quilt dt forfeiture i9S,\^\.yi; 
burghbreche Trev. II. 95. 

burh-onftT«, sb., towtt lad; burhonavan 
[borhcnaves] {pi.) L^ >SS5S- 

burh-folo, sb., borough folk, Laj. 9758 ; 
HOU. 1 1. 89. 

bnrlL-)Bt, sb., O.E. burhgeat ; castle gait, 
Li^. 17670 ; Kath. 1679. 

burb-mon, sb., OE. burhman ; townsman^ 
L^. 13441 > buruhnum a. R. 350. 

bor^-mSt, sb., meeting of burgtttes, E. G. 
350. 

burh-Tftra, sb., O.E. burhgercTa ; town 
reeve, KaTH. 1937. 

buTj-toun, sb., O.E. burhtun ; JerHfitd 
town, Wicl. Josh. vii. 3 ; borwtonjoorwtoun, 
burghtoun, bontown] Lancl. Civ. 113; 
bui3hes tun Oru. 6538. 

burh-wal, sb., O.E. burhweall ; town viaU, 

buTh-iraia,Eb.(collective),0.£.buigwani/v 
town dwellers, ' eivitas,' Mat. xxi. 10 ; burh- 
weren [borhmen] Laj. 28368; burjeweren 
38393. 

bnrgfige, sb., OJ^'r. burgage, bourgage (hM- 
tage roturier dans un bourg) \ burgage ; 
borgflgai {pi.) Langl, A iii. 77. 

bnrgeiB, sb., O.Fr. burgeis ; burgtss, Fl. A 
Bi_ IIS; Will. 1889; bourgeis Rob. 479; 
bot^is AYENB. 162 ; burgela {pi.) Langl. 
A iti. 150; burjas {ms. buriase) MiN. v. 
15; burges [buigeises] {magistrates) C U. 
16060. 

blixjels, sb., O.E. hyrgfAs,—OJi.G. bum'sli; 
tomb, sepulchre; buriels c. L. 1384; TRBV. 
V. 1J3; an buriels al niwe imad ROB. 
304 ; buriles ' sepulcrum ' FRAG. 4 ; buryles 
uisc. 53 ; burides Langl. B xix. 143 [bundi, 
Cxxii. 146]; birids Man. (F.) 9036; beiids 
' sepulcrum' woe iji ; berides AVENB, 338 ; 
bingeles gen, & sx. 3474 ; biriel, beriel 
' sepulcrum, tumulus ' PR. P. 37 ; berid S. s. 
(Wr.) 2561. 

bilneo, sb., O.E. byrgen, byrigen; tomi; 
benen HOU. I. 341 ; beregcn John xix. 41 ; 
bfkriana (dot.) HOU. I. iti ; bariana, bere- 
gene (dot, pi.) Mat. viii. 38, xxiii. 37 ; beri- 
eniie, berigenne John xi. 38^ xx. i. 

bftr^n'i v., O.E. byrgan, byrigian; bury; 
bunen (? burden) La]. 37872 ; benen, berigen 
Lk. ix. S9, 60; binen {ms. birnenn) OrH. 
15254; birien GKH. & EX. 1434 ; biriin, bertin 
'sepelio' Ftt..r.36; hurie [buHje, berie] Rob. 
352;birieP.S. 197; Wicl. John xix. 40; bene 
CH. C. T. C884; Egl. 488 ; tobarie>)«(f-M^ 
und) HOH. 1. 37 ; bOrla {imper.) Alis. 4628 ; 
birie & s. (Wr.J 1357 ; bflrlada (prel.) HOU. 
I. 93; HORN (R,) 906; Roa 50; burede 
Bbk. 3319; buieden La}. 19B22 ; bOriad 



lOO 



btkr^en. 



(pfiU,) Langl. j9xi.66; beried Mand. 15; 
comp, bi-» ^e-box^en. 

bdrier, sb., one who buries \ birien {pi.) 
WiCL. Ez. xxxix. 15. 

btbryinge, boring, sb., burying^ P. L. S. 
XXV. So. 

b&3en', v., ?« t?7nrrj.buigia,^.//lG^.burgen; 
protect', to bunen him seolven L^. 21268; 
burege HOM. II. 191 ; burhen JUL. 26 ; to 
burewen ham wi^ \t, FRAG. 7 ; buniwen from 

Ess deofles botte a. r. 366 ; borwe Hav. 2870 ; 
&rMe (pres. subj!) HOM. I. 25 ; comp, 
le-buz^en* 

burgene, sb., 0,Fr. borgesie; citizenship; 
borgesie ayenb. 161. 

bnrgoiie, sb., OJ^r, borgeise ; wife of a bur^ 
giss, KN. T. 12. 

bnrhy see bur^ bnriy see bur^. 

biirieiit see burden. 

bifirieiit v.. O^. (ge-)byrian, OM. byrja,* 
OX.G.(gi')bvan&nfO.N.G. (gi-)buiTen ; bedue^ 
beseem ; bfbr)> {pres,) an. lit. 4; ^uw birb 
understanden Orm. 89 ; bers M. H. 10 ; (hi) 
buria|» frag, i ; bfbrde (prei,) Gaw. 2278 ; 
A. P. 1. 316 ; burd Man. (H.) 76 ; als it birde 
Orm. 2472 ; ^t birde wel to him ben grim 
Hav. 2761 ; him bird M. H. 17 ; comp. je- 
b&rien. 

[b&i^n, v., 0.E, byrigan, byrgean, byiigan, 
■B OM, bergja, taste ; comp, a-bfiri^en.] 

bibnnesse, sb., O.E. (be-)byrigniss ; act of 
burying, HOM. I. 35 ; burinsesse [burinisse] 
La). 25852 ; berines D. Troy 4336. 

bujomien, v., OJ*'r, buxjoner (bourgeonner) ; 
bourgeon, bud, WiCL. LEV. xix. 23 ; bu]jone)>, 
[burgeounethj {pres.) Langl. ^xv. 73 ; bur- 
gounende (Ppte.) WiCL. wiSD. xix. 7. 

biujoningiSy sb., pL, buds, Hamp. ps. 513. 

bujoiixi, sb., OJ^r, burjon (bourgeon) ; bud, 
(ms, burioun) C M. 10735 ; WiCL. s. w. III. 3a 

bnrle, sb., OJ*r. bourel;yf<9^^ of woo/, ^to- 
mentum,* PR. P. 56. 

bnrleiit v., burl : biirle, ' extuberaref cath. 48. 

bnrlBn', v.,^L.Ger. burreln ; welter', bur- 
land ippie,) E. T. 99 ; Betres lai burling in 
hur blode Flor. 1639 ; see burblen. 

burlloh, adj., mod,Eng. burly, cf OJI.G, 
burlTch ; tall, stately ; Inirli Perc 269 : burli, 
borli c M. 8541 ; borlic rel. I. 222 ; Wlich 
Angl. III. 280 ; Degr. 759 ; ^i burliche bodi 
ANT. Arth. xvi ; burliohe (//.) knightes D. 
Arth. 586. 

burn, see beom. 

bume, sb., O.E, buma m. bume^ (rivus), 
cf 0,Fris, buma, Goth, brunna (wi/y^), 0,L,G. 
brunno, O.H,G, prunno, brunno, 0,N, brunnr, 
m, (fans), prov.Eng, bum ; brook ^ streamlet ^ 
O. & N. 918 ; rel. I. I ; bume, home Man. 
(F.) 8164; CM. 8964; home Gaw. 731; 
bourne (gen,) Langl. A prol. 8 ; bornes 
B PROL. 8 ; bournes (//.) Flor. 609. 



burVene. 

bibme, sb.,/^ b&rtSene.; load, bundle, Bare. 
Lsa II. 82 ; Chest. 1. 65. 

biime, see brunie. 

bumen, v., O.Fr. bumir ; burnish ; bomith 

(pres.) Ch. Tro. i. 327; burned (pple.) 

Gow. II. 231 ; Ch. C. t. A 1983. 

bumesh, v.,prov, £'^^.bamish; grow plump, 
Gener. 780 ; bamish BARTH.(//f N. £. D.). 

bumet, adj. & sb., Fr. branet ; brown, brawn 

cloth, PR. p. 56; HOM. IL 163; REL. II. I08, 

19 ; bumettee (//.) R. R. 226. 

bumisseny v., (?./r. bumir, bumiss-; bumish\ 
bumist (pple.) Barb. viii. 225 ; a. p. ii. 1085 1 
Gaw. 212 ; bomist a. p. ii. ^54 ; bumeisshed 
p. R. L. p. 102 ; bright bomisned gold GuiL.* 
V. 5 ; bomiste A. P. i. 22a 

bomiflhour, sb., burnisher, voc. (W. W.) 
604. 

burrOy sb., « Swed. burre, borre m., Dan.bom ; 
bur, * lappcL^ PR. P. 56 ; Ar. & Mer. 829a 

biinit, bursten^ see brtUit» brOsten. 

[bursten ? v. ; comp. an-^ ^e-bursten.] 

burton, v., fO.Fr. borter; butt (with the 
horns), strike, ' arieto,* PR. P. 56 ; ^ mastes 
faste to gidere burte (pret.) Man. (F.) 4626. 

bnr-trd (P bur-trd), sb., bur-tree, elder, *sam^ 
bucus,' voc. 228 ; CATH. 49 ; Halliw. 221. 

biirSe, sb., O.E. (ge')hyTd,'^O.Fris. berde, 
berthe, O.L.G. (ge-)burd, O.H.G. hurt, Goth* 
(ga-)baur^/y yh7;/r b6ren ; birth, race, nation^ 
nature, HOM. 1. 273 ; buHSe, burde Kath. 84 ; 
burde, bur¥e A. R. 158; athalt hire bum 
(nature) H. M. 13 ; burde, bur)>e HOM. II. 47 ; 

te burbe (fruit) ^at ^u beere L. H. R. 146 ; 
rme oirre GEN. & EX. 1484; Rachel non 
bir^ ne nam 1697 ; bir|>e Gow. II. 76 ; Ch. 
C. T. j9 192 ; WiCL. John ix. i ; |»at was of 
hire kin & al of hire birde Orm. 2052 ; birthea 
[* nationes*] PS. cv. 27. 

btbrVe-, burde-bold, sb., ancestral mansion^ 
Kath. 140. 

bdrV-tid, sb., O.E. gebyrdtfd; nativity, 
HOM. I. 277 ; (bii)rdtid FRAG. 5. 

bflr)>-time9 sb., time of birth, leg. 75 ; 
birdetime rel. I. 211. 

biirCel, adj., t fertile ; ilc bii^el tre GEN. & 
EX. 119. 

biirCeny v., / be bom ; biiYen gen. & ex. 147 i. 

biirSene, sb., O.E. \>yrUsi,^OJL.G. burthin- 
nia,^;;^ O.H.G.^}iT^\Ti,\»jjdRtL,mod.Eng. burden ; 
from b6ren ; burden^ lo€ul, birth, La). 25970 ; 
one bur^ne a. r. 232; bur))ene C. L. 958; 
burj^en SPEC. 1 10 ; Trev. 1. 73 ; bur)>ene, ber- 
|«ne L. H. R. 56, 57; at on burdene (birth) 
GEN. & ex. 1467 ; bir|«ne Hav. 807 ; bir^ 
PS. xxxvii. 5 ; at oon birthen (birth) Trev. 
1. 205 ; birdene MISC. 12; bei^ene Mat. xi. 30; 
berdene John xvi. 33 ; ber)>ene WiCL. ECCLUS. 
xxxiii. 25 ; berdene misc. 34. 



th.tO.E.iiy^6or;bearitig(ofeUUreH): 

i ^ bartSeiae {ffor builSen or butVene) of 
beam h. m. 37. 

bum), borali, fwboij. 

bnnran, JM bm^wn. 

boi, T^ 3 sing., stt baUtfikn ; iV iekavfj, C. 
H. 10630 ; boa 9870; boes [v. r, bihowcft, 
bibove^CH. C. t. A 4017 ; bad (fifvt.) Mim. 
ix-ai; hovitttij.) d. TuOY 5115. 

InuBrd, sb., OJ^r. bniait; tturard, Aus. 
3049 ; bogord pr. p. 45 ; bouide K. R. 4033 ; 
biuherd voc aaa 

bQMh, book, lb., - 0./f.C, biuc, Af.J/.G. 
bufch.boacb.boKhe.^.Z'w.bosch, O.Fr.ho*t:. 
boacbe, wudjjii, boscui; busk, Wilu 819, 
3069 ; bulk ' dtimus' FB. p. $6 ; gkn. &. kx, 
3779; Gaw. 183; boicbeSHOR.131 ibuaoba, 

boalW (diit£)CH.C.T...4 I517; bUMeAYENB. 

38; bo«kM(/)/.)R0B.547; biuku [busches] 

LANCL.£zt336;buaheaMAHD.iis; buskes 

Pm«i.7S8. 
biuoluile, sb., OJ^r. boscbuDe; amhukj 

biiuluileGENER.'9i89; buscaileD.ARTU.895 

buibulc 1634 ; boschftile Octov. (W.) 1607. 
bOMhel, sK, O.Fr. buiiKl, boiiael ; btttkel, 

p. 30 ; biuclMl, busbel Ch. C. T. A 4093 ; bni. 

send, boiichel W1C1. Le. xi. 33. 
baaohen, v., filact in amiushj lit in wait ; 

boake YoRKuii. 8 ; biUMd {^t.) Man. (H.) 

187; bnakat (firtt.) d. Troy 1168. 
haMC>b»a\v.,fmaieititkj'itbvmob»i(^*.) 

wif {lornei Man. (F.) 9194. 
bnaoUnc, ib., training on bushtt ; bosshing 

Paix. XL 33. 
bnMben '. v., l^MM.G. buichen, Af-Dtt, bui< 

•chen; tMltt,btaij butwitkthtktadsrusk; 

guskout; biucbenonfeldcWiLi. 173; basche 

TREv. II. 191 ; bnaOhod (prtt.) a. p.iii. 143 



bftten. 101 

bflelMl, v., O.E. byaigan, b)rsgian, bi^an,~ 
M.Du. bea^hen ; nisy, occupy j be bttiy; 
bisien CR. Boet. L 3 (8J ; beuen Gow. II. 43 ; 
blal«d« ( firtt.) ' satagtbat ' WICI- Ls. x. 40 ; 
bisied Gaw. 89 ; Udod {ppit.) PS. xxxix. 18. 
Iilaliiiiii. sb., busintst, ' assiAtHas, dili- 
getUia, soliciiudo,' PR. P. 37 ; SHOR. 91 ; 
AYENB.J6; PI, CR. 737 ; beiineaie ' dtiigenHa' 
Trbv. \, 5 J Gow, II. 6a 

bulk, wcboBok. 

biuken. v., O.iK.buask {g*t oneself ready), 
mod.Eng.h»^\ prepare J adorn; bnuceWiLL. 
3310; bn«kst> (j^«r.) P. L. S. xxx< 30 ; )>eking 
boskes lettrea Jos. 414; bue boske^ huero 
wi^ botouns p. S. 339 ; boako h'n^er.) .^ 
fork to bre ECL. 348 ; biuke^ [budce] }ou 
to fiat bote Langl. A ix. 133 ; boakod (prel.) 
Gaw. 1411 ; boi busked andmaked hem boun 
Trist. 144 ; hit was btuktd (fifile.) above wi^ 
besauntus Dscr. 1437. 



boaabet d. Troy 1 1 lao. 

boMblDga, sb., striking, dbp. R. i. 99. 
biuobi, adj., bftsky ; butshi WicL. Is. vii. 19. 
h6Mi,iidhO.£.by9\g,~M.L.G.,Jtf.Du.heacb; 
bwsy, anxious, carejul. Will. 588 ; buai, bisi, 
beai Ch. C. T. A 1491 ; bisi [busi] La). 3837 ; 
bist A. R. 14) ; Marii. 16 ; c. l. 787 ; u. a. 
to8; bisi, besi 'assiduus, lolieitus' PR. p. 
37; besi Gow. II. 43; Mand. 3 ; blsin« 
laec.m.) Laj, 10596; blal* [pi,) Laj. 19557; 
AYENB. 58 ; blMgUM (coffiPor.) A. R. 183 ; 
UMgaata [si^erl.) La;. 10476. 

blBi-bSda,sb.,-J/;Z^. beaicheit; industry, 
AYENB. 55 ; bisihed Alis. 3. 

Ual-lioha [bOamoIu], adv.,AMt'/v, La^4473; 
bisiliche A. R. 146; SHOR.55 ; besilicheGow. 
II. 43 ; busili Will. 650 ; bl*Uok«r {compar.) 
WlCL.iPET.i.33;bisUakBM(Mi^frY.)JUL.44. 

btal-Mdiipa, sb., business, K.V.. 384; besiship 
Gow. II. 39. 
UUefSb., 0.£. bysigti,tHsigu,bysgu; labour, 
oca^oHim ; besie D. Arth. 3630. 

bU-ToI, *Ay,fiill ofbmintss, ayknb. 336. 



334s ; boaking TRiST. 93. 
tnuae, ib., OJ^r. busse, ^ O.E. butsa-carlas 
{boamen) Sax. CBR. 301 ; a kind of boat, 
Man. (F.) 187; Man. (H.) 169. 
baste, M» bolBta. 

bGat«n.v.,>^<u',3nMM; beateV >e & bOatoS 
{pres.) ^ H. u. 31 ; bah ^u me bftata {subj.) 
ant bcatc Jul. 34 ; ofte ^ him bete & buste 
(r, w, niste) Al. (L.*) 331 ; comp. to-bQflt«n. 
bnstleiit v., wander tiindfy : btutollng 
(sb.) for^ as bestea over valeies & hnllea 
Langl. A vi. '4. 
but, ab., Er, but, mod.Eng. butt ; target, 
boundary; 'tntta, PK. P. 56; a but of load 
'amsfgu' voc 370; that might the ston to 
his but bring(e) OcTOv. (W.) B99. 
but*, sb., act of 'putting' a stone, Hay. 
1040. 
btttea, bfit, bjit, prep., adv., conj., O.E. 
belltan, butan, biiton, bute,— 0X.(7. biulan, 
butan, modEng. but ; outside, witkaut, ex- 
cept, unless, but: ;if ]>e wisa mon biC butan 
gode wercan HOU. I. 109 ; buton ane treone 
331 ; buieln ende 147 ; bute (unless) he hine 
drive a wei 31 ; naniht for uie ernunge bute 
(but) for his muchele piildlieortnesse 19; 
buten waeatme ['nwyhwe/M'] MAT.xiii.33; 
buto['«M>''] zi.37; bute John xix. J I ; buten 
^ befdest onifouh prao. 7; buten (v, r, 
wiVute) live Kath. 353; nis buten an god 
367 ; nefde ha bute iseid siva )at al ^ eoT%e 
oe bigon to cwakien Marh. 19 ; et te Uste 
vera buten an A. R. 30; ^ia world nis buten a 
wei to heovene 150; buten leave 338 ; he ne 
tnei no ^ng don ua bute bi godes leave 330 J 
beoo buten [boute] La}. 3749 ; buten [bote] 
Noe & Sem 33 ; bute mochelere ferde 3679 ; 
bute (sed) nele he ... ^ Evelin . . . bitxcben 
B363; nefede he botcn (?b5ten/ir bouten) 
snnesuneBS; beute)if(wuS»/) 364331 buten 



102 bntere. 

childre Oru. 304 ; bat (ms. butt) if 45 ; bute 
neite outside the nest O. & N. 1386 ; tat ich 
bute anne craft ne can 794 ; bute (mtietsy ^ 
wiUe bet agiime ne schaltu bute icfaame iwinne 
1389; buteberc 1790; bute Ick wordes tiume 
len*t 756; nowijt bote sorwe 884; non dtei 
wile gt . . . buten {ted) one gov & one sit 
utSC 33 ; bute it were bi hire wille Hav. 85 ; 
fro londe woren he bote a mile 731; but 
if Will. 473 ; as schip boute mast 567 ; but 
Langl. B proi. 194 ; but what ben ^ Inngis 
a mong so mani(e) men Wici- JOHK vi. 9 ; 
but {yet) Ch. C. t. .i4 74 ; ^ ctmne mecfae of 
holi writ but )>ei undintonde it not MAMD. 
136; beouten PL. ex. 6;i ; bouten ende 
TREAT. 133; boute, bote Shor. 18, 40; bote 
bat ^u me Wilckin bringe AH. UT. 13; 
boute die spec. 38 ; boute, bout, bot Gaw. 
361, 1385,1783; boten p. s. 156; ^uncsselt 
habbe god bote me aVenB. 5 ; bot ISUM. 
1 50 ; ^r nas bot o wei Bek. 637 ; and was bot 
seven winter old s.S.(Wr.) 14; ivM^.k-bateii. 
butore, ib., O.E. butcre, Lai. butiram, Jrom 
Gr. ffoynipiw; butter. Sax. CHR. 359 ; HAV. 
643 ; buttere gen. & ex. 1014 ; buttire VOC 
i^ ; butter, botere WiCL. GEN. xviii. 8 ; 
botete E. G. 356. 
bntu^fl^ sb., O.E. buttorflfoge, ef. MJhi, 
botervlieghe ; butterjfy, Fl. & Bl. 473 ; but- 
terflie Pall, tv.946 ; boterilie Ch. C.t. A3980. 

bntle, Sb.,!^ OJ..G. bUtli (FdRSTEU.NAHENB. 

II. 319); house; buttle Hou. II. 185; Jwbot«l. 
bnttfl, sb., cf. L.Ger., Swed. butte, Du. bot ; 

butt [kind offish), PR. P. 56 ; Hav. 759. 
bfltto, sb., O.E. bytt, OJJ. byiia ; butt, tuitu- 

ikim,cask, ' uter,' FRAG. 4; butte, bit te /wj^mwi 

u. u. 35 ; boUen as a bitte (ins. bite, i: tv. 

5ite-pitte) Map 334; bit['«/w'] PS. cxviii. 
3* ; bntta, betta, bitte [nu. bytte), bitton, 

bitten (p/.) Mat. ix. 17, MK. ii. 33, LK. v. 

37 ; bittes £. G. 381. 
button, v., £/. Swed. bntta, botta (RIETZ 48), 

MJhi. botten, t M.H.G. butien, modEng. 

butt; drive, thrust, AR. & Mer. 517;; be 

bigan ... to stiren & to butien Orh. 3810 ; 

button ^pello' pr. p. 56; but (>!^*.) Hav. 

1916 ; see putton. 

buttl]i«», sb., thrusting, lilting, Hav. 3333. 
bntUdc, sb., buttock, 'nates,' voc 183 ; pr. p. 

S6; P. L. s. xvii. 163; Ch. C. t. -43803; 

bottokM {pi.) SAiKTS (Ld.) zIvL 735. 
bnven, see blnven; btiviea, see blvicm. 
bflwen, see bOjen. btLxum, see bfUuum. 
bf. see bi. 



Oft, sb^ ef. Dan. kaa, M.Du. k5, Icae, O.H.G. 

ciba; chough; kaavoc 188; coo,keo'MOw- 

dula ' PR. P. 84 ; see chfija. 
aB-dM.w»,ah^ Jackdaw,' moneduia,' PR.p.57. 
oftbAObe, sb., eaiiage, amc. cookery (1440), 

Caxt. vrr. patr. (m m. £. p.). 



Oftban, sb., O.Fr. caban, cabane ; cabin, 

'ct^iuia,' PR. p. 57; Langl. ^ iiL 184; 

cabane D. ARTH. 757. 
oabil, sb., fLat. caballus ; ^ oapel ; harre, 

nag, (*M. cabylle) voc (W.W.) 697. 
o&ble, sb.,^r. cable, /o/r^o/.capulum; cab/e, 

PR.P.57; Gow.II.143; cabillevoc (W.W.) 

731 ; Ublen [cables] (//.) 1j^. 1338. 
oaboohe, v., cut off the head of (a dter) dose 

behind the horns I ifu. (1435) tn n. £. D. 
oaooheii, oUoen, v^ OJ^'r. cachier, chacier; 

cat£h,chase : jif be memihte cacchen [cache] 

La). 31501; caccbe Will. 3366; cacche, 

cache Ch. C. t. A 4105 ; chacche Lamgl. 

A ii. 167 ; kecchen a. r. 334 ; kecche 

Horn (R.) 1377; cachin [kacchin] a wei 

'aU^o' PR. P. 57, 369; vor to cachie and 

vem )>ane di(ejvel viam bim avenb. 178 ; 

chacen out alle misbeleevinge men Mand. 3 ; 

chacePR,c.43i6; chaceawai LiDG. h. p. 139; 

)>e o^e . . . obioinp [Pres.) for)> Olivere FBR. 

955; alle. . .kacbemeawai u. h. 151 ; oabto 

(/>rrf.)LAj.4S47; cajteRoB-u; kagteis(a} 

wei GEM. & EX. 949 ; caujte, caughte Ch. C. T. 

-4498; keihte A. R. 154; kei]t(e) i-H. R. 134; 

kQte ANT. Arth. xlix ; cbaced Langl. Bi.ni. 

51 ; hacahten Katk. 1990; oaht [ppie.) P.S. 

153; caujt Lancl.£ xvii. 319; hube havede 

bene nome icabt Lai. 10843 ; ikeiht A. R. 88 ; 

na^cachid['£()M^fAm^^'] WiCL. Miciv. 9; 

fus am i cachet from kijie ant. Artu. (R.) 

xii ; comp. bi-oaoohan. 
otiiihma.cibAaen.Ai., catcher, hunter; \iwt 

oaohsTM {pi.) . . coupled hor houndei GaW. 

1139; chaseris Barb, vii, gi. 
bhioince, sb., chasing, hunting, pr. p, 68 ; 

Trev. 11.359. 
oaohe, sb., OJ^r. cache, cace, chace; eatch, 

chase ; chace HISC 199. 
caoheiwl, sb., O.Fr. chacepol ; catchpoll, HOit. 

I. 97 ; kacbepol Langl. Cxxi. 46; CKtoha- 

pollla (//.) ' apparitores ' WiCl- I KINGS six. 

30. 

oadherel, sb., calchpole ; otMber«l«a (//.) p. 

S. 151 ; kachereles ayenb. 363. 
oad, sh., pel lamb,' cenaria' yoc 319. 

kod-lomb, sb., / cade-lamb, ' ricui,' voc 345. 
osdoa, sb., O.Fr. cadas, caddis, floss tilk, 

' bombycinum,' PH. P. 57. 
oid6, sb., Fr. cadC/Jrom Lai. cadus ; barrel, 

PR. P. 57 ; kAdea (//.) Pall, xi. 331, 
OicLe *, sb., tmtmbrum -virile, AR. & Mer. 934. 
ORdeooe, sb., cadence, Gow. II. 83; (nu. 

cadens) lud. Cov. 189. 
oader, sb., f Welsh cadair ; cradU, a. R. 83* ; 

koder 37S. 
oaf, see ohaC 
Oftf, adj., O.E. c3f ; swift, eager; cof XEL. I. 

313 ; cof & qvik a. P. ii. 634 ; koie he waa & 



o&f. 



Oild. 



103 



kof Man. (H^ 66; yt cove a. r. 66; biforen 
kafe & kene Orm. 19962. 

odve^ adv.y swiftly^ 0. & N. 379; oOte 
(compar,) HOM. 1. 231, 

odf-liohe, SLdv.fSwtfify, La). 1705 ; cofii Qaw. 
201 1 ; Alis.' (Sk.) 1009. 

oafy sb., fcf. O.E. cola, mod,Eng. cove ; /^jr: 
of wod in as teindire ^ mad a caf Barb. 
LEG. II. 194. 

Oftfty keft, sb.y f harlotry i A. R. 206. 

Oige^ sb., OJFr, cAgit^from Lot. cavea ; cage, 
A. R. 102; Alis. 3555; P. 19; Ch. C. i.A 
1294. 

oaggen^ draw^ hind^ jfasien ; caggis [caches] 
Alex, (Sk.) 1521 ; |iai . . . keruen & oaggen 
(fres, pl^ & man it clos A. P. i. 512 ; ^i wer 
oagged (fpU,) & kay on capeles al bare 
iL 1254; caget D. Troy 3703. 

oai, adj., c/, Fris., Dan. kei, / M*Du. kei, kai 
(foolish) ; /^ : )>e kai fote Gaw. 422. 

oail, j//k«iL 

oailewei* sb., 0,Fr, (poire de) caiUoel ; a sort 

of peaTy Langl. jffxvi. 69; Qnleweis (//.) 

R. R. 7093. 

oainardy sb., t>.^r.caignard, cagnard ; coward^ 
SPEC, no; A. s. 36; Ch. C.T. Z^235. 
[oair, adj., OJ/. k£rr ; dear.'\ 

kager-le^o. sb., O^. kserleikr; love\ (ms. 
kaggerrle^^c) Orm. 2187. 

eaireHf v., / 0,N. keyra (drive) \ go' in contre 
to cairen [kairen] aboute Langl. A prol. 29 ; 
kaire Gaw. 1048 ; oaired (pret,) a. p. ii. 85 ; 
be kouherde kaired to his house Will. 373 ; 
fe candelstik • . . watz oaired (ppie.) )>idcr 
A. P. ii. 1478 ; icaired SPEC. 37. 

oaiBer, sb., O.H.G, kaisar, keiser, -> O.E, 
casere, Goth, kaisar, O.N> keisari; from Lot. 
Caesar; emperor^ AlAS. 1409; Man. (F.) J 1 20; 
kaiser A. R. 138; kaisere, kseisere, keisere, 
keiser [caiser, kaisere] La). 5220, 5965, 733 1» 
27366; kaisere Langl. Bxix. 134; kaser 
Orm. 8329 ; keiserea (gen.) Kath. 3 ; (ms, 
kej^seress) Orm. 3519; calaere (dot,) Mk. 
xii. 17. 

oaitify sb. Sc adj., 0,Fr, caitif, chaitif, mod, 
Eng, caitiff; captive; wretch^ wretched^ de- 
spicable, ^ capttvus, WiCL. I paral. v. 6; 
Will. 710; caitif, [chaitif] Langl. Cxxiii. 236. 

caitif-ddm, sb., captivity ^ WiCL. £z. xx ,. 3 ; 
TowNL. 156, 

oaitive-hdde» sb., wretchedness \ basenessy 
c M. 22382 ; caitef hede 7353. 
caitif-li, adv., wretchedly^ R. P. 38. 

caitifhe«y sb., captivity^ wretchedness^ 
TowNL. 315. 

oaitifent v., mako active; render wretched, 

WiCL. PROL. JER. ; R. P. 36. 

oaitivitd, sb., O.Fr, caiti vet^ ; captivity , wretch- 
ednessy c M. 7353, 18191, 22382 ; PR. c. 455 ; 
(aitifte Wicl. £ph. iv. 8. 



otta, sb., cf Swed kaka ; cake, ^libum, pla" 
^jfifAi,' PR. p. 58 ; VOC.I98; H.M.37; L.H.R. 
137 ; Ch. C, t. A 668. 

odke-brSadp sb., ccdke (of bread) ; cakebrede 
Langl. ^xvi. 229. 

oakel, adj., cackling, a. r. 66. 

oakelin, v., » Du, kakelen, Swed kakla; 

cackle, ^grcudllo^ PR. P. 58; kakelen a. R. 

66; oaoIe)> (pres^ Gow. II. 264. 

oakellnge» sb., cackling, ^graciUaoQi PR. P. 
58. 

oakkin, v., *eaco^ PR. p. 58. 

oal, sb., 0,N, kail ; call, act of calling, A. P. ii. 
61 ; oalle (dai^ c. M. 3022. 

cfti, see oanl* 

oaladrie, sb., kind of bustard ; [' charadrius '] 
WiCL. DEUX. xiv. 18. 

oalament, sb., Fr, calament, medJjst. cala- 
mentum ; sort of herb, Trev. Barth. (N. £. 
D.) ; ' calamenta balsamita,* PR. P. 58. 

oalamuSy sb., Lat, calamus; reed, an arc-' 
matic plant, TreV. Barth. (n. £. d.) ; WiCL. 
£z. xxvii. 19. 

calami, sb., sort of aromatic herb (earlier text 
chaalami) Wicl. ex. xxx. 24. 

oaloatori, sb., Lat, calcatorium ; wine press^ 
Pall. i. 461, 

oaloh, sb., 0,E, calic, from Lat, calix (ace 
calicem); cf, OF'r, calice, chalice; chalice, 
MISC43 ; calch, calice hom. II. 91, 215 ; caliz 
A. R. 284 ; Hay. 187 ; Brd. 14 ; chalice Shor. 
20; chalis ayenb. 167 ; oalioes (//.) AYENB.41. 

oaloidoine, sb., OF'r. calcedoine ; chalcedony, 
Gow. III. 133. 

oalcininge, sb., calcination ; calceniinge Ch. 

C. T. ^771. 
oaloinatidn^ sb., />. calcination ; ccdcination, 

Ch. C. t. G 804. 
oaloulaoion, sb., Lat, calculationem ; catcula- 

tion, Gow. II. 345. 

oalculatour, sb., Lat, calculator; one who 
calculates, WiCL. s. w. II. 408. 
oaloulen, v., Fr, calculer ; calculate ; kalcule 
Ch. astr. i. 22 (14) ; oalouled (pple,) Langl. 
Bxv, 364. 

kalkuler, sb., calculator, Ch. astr. i. 23 (14). 
oaloulinge, sb., calculation, Trey. I. 39; 
Ch. Tro. i. 71. 
oaloulose, adj., Lat, calculosus ; stony. Pall. 

ii. 274. 
c&ld, adj., 0,E, ceald, cald,a OJ^,G, cald, 

Goth, kalds, 0,N, kaldr, 0,H.G, chalt ; from 

cdlen ; cold, HOM. 1. 97 ; Iw. 360 ; PR. c 767 ; 

cald, cold La^ 4519, 19756; cold A. R. 400 ; 

O. & N. 622 ; cold red REL. 1. 182 ; child [cold] 

Langl. Cxviii. 49; cheald JOHN xviii. 18; 

chald MISC. 30 ; ayenb. 153 ; cheld Shor. 9 ; 

L. N. F. 214 ; Greg. 798. 
o41cU sb., coldi Hay. 856 ; p. %. 330 ; Will. 



X04 



ctUL 



ouneUdn* 



906; HAND. 3C6: ehealdae (j^€H.n.) Mat. 
X. 43; etide (M.) Jul. 31 ; Iw. 3974; colde 
Gow. II. 38;etide(//l) hom. 1. 9$ ; cares ful 
colde P. s. 152; oAldore (campar.) L. H. R. 143. 

Mld-Ud, 8b., ' refrigeriumi PS. Ixv. is. 

oiUde-liehe, adv., a?A/£K, HOM. I. 277. 

Mld-nUlw6b sb., •> mAw; /a ji0f/ of guil^ 
LiDG. M. P. 202 ; oalmifwe M. T. 133. 

oAlda, sb., ?-"]celda ; coid : kalde, PS. odviL 17. 

oWton^ v., O.E, cealdian,— OJI.G. chalten ; 
grow cold\ colde REL. 1. 120; Ch. TRa iv. 
362 ; M. Artu. 3647 ; his blod bigan to colde 
8. s. (Wr.) 1678 ; hire heorte bigan to cheide 
Horn (L.) 1148 (kolde H. 1185) ; keld(e) rel. 
II. 210; oolde)> (fres^ FRAG. 5 ; MISC. loi ; 
kelde^ Angl. 111. 279; comp. »-, Ibr-, of- 

oAle, sb., tcold', in hete & in cale LEG. 148. 

[oAleiit v^ O.E. calan, OJV. kala (/f«/. kdl, 
ppie. kalinn) ; be cold^ grow cold\ comp. »- 
oilan ; deriv, o^Ud, 06L] 

Olende, kalendes, sb., O.E. calend, from 
Lot, calendae ; first of the month; montk\ 
Gow. III. 123; Pall. x. 23; ludehdes of 
chaonge Ch. Tro. v. 1647. 

oalender, sb., Lai. calendarinm; calendar \ 
kalender La^72I9 ; Ch.astr. L i i (7) ; {guide) 
Ch. L. G. w. 542 ; (register) D. Arth. 2641. 

oalenge, see ehalemgo. 
oaldSf %b., name of a fabulous creaiure\ a 
feolle wonn, cales Aus. 7093. 
oaleweifl, see oalleweL 

CaU; %h^ O.E. cealf, caelf, celf;«- OX.G. cal^ 
OJI.G. chalb »., O.N. kalfr m,i calf H. M. 37 ; 
Orm. 11858 ; p. S. 332 ; calf [kali] Langl. A viL 
374 ; kaelf frag. 3 ; keif a. r. 1^6 ; an fet 
chalf Lk. XV. 27 ; kalves (gen,) fleis gen. & 
xx« 1013; oalve (dat,) a.s. 4; oalveron (pL) 
Mand. 105 ; calveren, calves WiCL. NUM. 
xxix.32, 

oalf-flSsh, 8b.,«B dP^r.kalbfleisch ; veal^ voc 
9oa 

oalf-leea, adj., without a calf WiCL. Job 
xxi. lo. 

oalf, sb^ O.N. kilfi » M.Du. kalf (pulpa), 
calf (of the leg), ^surai PR. P. 58 ; Ch. C. T. 

Oftlioe, see oalolu 

oalidiit %h.i pebble f * rudus^ PR. P. 58 ; oalionna 

(//.) Mer. XX. 329. 
oaliphe, sb., caliph, Gow. I. 245; califfe 

BilAND. 36 ; caliphee 230. 

oalii, see oaloh. 

oalke, sb., shoe ; oalken (dcU, pi.) Mk. vi. 9. 
oalke-trappe, sb., O.E. calcatrippe (hera- 
clea), voc. W, O.Fr. chaucetrappe ; caltrop, 
*tribulus,* REL. I. 37 (voc 140); caitrap 
saliunca PR. P. 58; caitrap of inn, fote 
hurtinge *hamus* PR. P. 59; oalketrappen 
(pi.) Aus. 6070; vol of . • • calketreppen 



and c{ grines atenb. 131; kalketrappes 
Langl. Ctoo. 296. 

oalldn, v., />r Mloalfln; calculate, P. P. II. 
61 ; ^calculo* PR. p. 58. 

oalle, sb., OJ^r. calle, cale; caul; net, P. s. 
158; Ch.C.t.Z>ioi8; K.T.365; ^calleof 
be liver [' reticulum jecoris '] WiCL. LEV. liL 4 ; 
kelle ^ reticulum^ -^QCl^*, Em. 303; Miles 

(pi) TOWNL. 313. 

oalliflLy v., OJE:. ceallian,— MJDu. callen, O.N. 
kalla, OJi,G. challdn; call, ^voco,* PR. P. 58; 
callen Marh. 3 ; so shulen men callen it ai 
Hav. 747 ; calle HOM. II. 257 ; Gow. 1. 14S ; 
Pall. i. 1042; oalla (pres.) spec. 59; (^) 
oaUm Will. 339 ; callen Mand. i ; oaUede 
(pret.) PSRC 610; called [kallid] Langl. B 
xviii. 93 ; oald i^le.) hqm. I. 371 ; GEN. & 
EX. 1700 ; icalled JOS. 78 ; PL. CR. 574 ; comp. 
bi-ooileii. 
oallinge^ sb., calling, ' vocaOo,* PR. p. 58. 

oalme,adj.,/r.calme; ^iyf,PiLP.58; Gow. 
III. 230; D. Troy 3011. 

oalmon^ v., Fr. calmer ; calm ; calme dep. R. 
ill 366; D. Troy 4587. 

oalntoik, see under oauL 

oaltrappili, v. : catch with a caltrop, pr. p. 59. 

oalOf adj., 0,E. calu {gen. calwts),^AfJ}u. 

calu, OMXj. chalaw; mod Ef^. callow; bald 

['calvus'] WiCL. LEV. xiii. 40; caltQ Aus. 

5950 ; ^ calewe p. l. s. ix. 89 ; ^ calouwe 

mous (the bal) [Fr. la chauve-souris] ayend. 

27. 
oalTen, v., O.E, cealfian, — JfJDu, kalven, 

M.H.G. kalben ; calve : ^ cou oalvide (Pret.) 

WiCL. Job xxi. 10. 

oalvlnga sb., calving. Pall. viii. 66. 

oalTer, adj., f fresh ; calvur pr. p. 59 ; cal- 
war F. c 19. 

cdmb, sb., O.E. camb, cxyaAi,^OJLG. camb, 
O.N. kamb, ^.//^6^. champ; comb, ORM.6340 ; 
comb P. 16 ; a cokkes comb Mand. 307 ; ^ 
dikes comb gen. & ex. 3564 ; komb Ch. C. t. 
^4049 ; kokis coom PR. P. 281 ; kdmbe (dai) 
AYBNB. 358 ; o6mbe8 (//.) P. L. S. xix. 349 ; 
comp. hor«-, hunl^-oomb. 

oambok, sb., MJLat. cambuca, cf Jr., Gael. 
camog ; fetter, ^ pedum,* voc. 333. 

oamdl, sb., OJ^r. camel, chamel ; camel, P. l. s. 
i. 33 ; c. M. 6001 ; kamel gen. & ex. 1398 ; 
oamflla, ohamfils (pi.) Wicl. judg. viii. 31 ; 
camels [chameiles, camailes] c M. 3304; 
chamoiiis (later vers, camelis) i WiCL. paral. 
xii. 40. 

eamftUhftr, sb., camel-hair, M. H. 41. 
camfil-hide, sb., camel skin, c M. 3349. 
oameline, sb., OJ^r. cameline ; camlet, r. r. 
7566. 

oameline, sb., kind of sauce, l. a c 3a 
camelidiit oamle, sb., Gr. xatuu^i^n^ ; chamo' 
Icon, Gow. I. i33;.oa]nlM (//.) Mand. 389. 



oam^idn. 



_. _, tbq uud for atmeMard, WicU 

DKUT. xiv. 5 ; camdion is a. flekked bed in 
colour Uche to a lupard Tret. 1. 159. 

I, adj., tnub-matd, 'n'mia,' Fk. p. 59; 
'« (fi/.) REU I. 34a 
Jub m, ohaniinldne— », sb., 'ami- 
Ut,' PR. P. S9- 
ouunoc, ah.,~O.E. cammoc; red-Harrow 
tpioMt) i "*""""^— , kftmiaakM (fi.) 
IdUioi. B six. 309. 
*«*'«"'*», oamnioo*, ab.,mOJ^r. camoca; a 
rich tHJuM fabric [cammoka, camaca, ca- 



Ea], LaNGL. Cavil 399. 
flMnmocifc, — ounlKtk. 
OUUmdUfi, gb., Fr. camomille ; camomiU, P. 

L. S. xxxL 1 14. 
oainp, sbk, O.E. ounp, comp, — O.Fris. kamp, 

komp, OJf,G. champh m., cf. O.N. kapp n.\ 

4347; kampa (dot.) d. Artu. 3670; a>mp. 



t,»b. (ffiriMiedkNap ifwe), eom- 
radi im battle, a. R. 374. 
eamp»x, ab., foo^ail player, pr. p. 6a 
oaoipeaOn, ab.,^^gambto6n ; doublet worn 
bemeatk the armour, Rich. 376. 
ouDplu, v., O.E. campian, — OJ^'rit. kampa, 
kempa, O.H.G. cham&n, chemfan, OJi, kep- 
P> : J^e^ amtend; pit^ at football, 'pedipito; 
ra.P.60; kempes.ARTH. 3633. 

_ J ab., football match, 'Pedipilu- 
,' PR. P. 60 ; LiDG. M. P. 30a 
V obAsapUn. 



t, adj., fUUnoied, Gow. 1 1, sia 
jy^O-E-aaxa (Can), conn (con), — OJ^G. 
can, Ctf/i., 0.;K kann, O.H.G. chan, (/n-/., 
prts^', modEng.can ',Jm0w; know kom to; 
eon i CEK. A EX. 309 ; Rob. 10 ; aysnb. 31 ; 
can VKltl Wici- John vii. IJ ; nou can i no 
rad TRiAU. 595 ; can, kan Orh. 1314, 5283 ; 
i can [kan] a noble talc Cu. C. T. A 3136; 
tbe . . . can [kan] hem ber fore as mucbe 
thank as me .^4 18081 Ic^n ['Movi'] Me. xiv. 68; 
can, con 1^3.3391,13333; can, kan, con, kon 
a & M. 197, 363, 680, 757 ; con A. K. 1 8 ; Kath. 
817 ; C L. 30, 555 ; H. u. 36 ; Aud. 16 ; ne 
con exist him nenne ))onc Hqh. 1. 31 ; nis nan 
■amK ^ he ne con 35 ; ^u canst O. & N. 1 183; 
thou canst ... be ricthe gate Ha v. 846 ; const 
[canst, kanst] Ijlncl. A iil. 166 ; hwet so ^ 
const . . . birchen Jul. 66 ; cunnen Orh. 
5514; M1RC337; f« wel cunnen a [conne of] 
apeche Laj. 7301; cunne o. An. 911; Bee. 
1335; connett, connc Mand. 5, 313; conne 
8PBC 103 I Ed. 34S3 ; otume (lubj.) a. r. 64 ; 
Horn (L.) 568 ; cunne, kunne o. & N. 47, 188 ; 
ctmne [conoe] Laj. 38644; conne avenr 
118; ^ konne Langu £idx. 26; jef ^ 
cntne UiRC 1356; je conne [konne, cuone, 



knnne] Ch. C. t. ^3118; deriv. 



oan, V.,— gan ; iegaii, set to : can [gan, crai, 
gun] on him to stare c. H. I3SS7 ; can him 
to confort QtiAiR iv; K^oises on ^ roche 
kan stand c. M. 6300 ; the croune that Ihcsus 
oonth (did) ber Bruce iii 460. 

oanaole, Otmaole, sb., tmutahefitrvtmr^; 
f lid of a cup, A. V.'^. 1461, 1515. 

OMlon, sb., OJ^r. canoe, chancre; taiiiter, 
catteer, A. R. 330 ; canker [kankiT] WiCL. 
3 TiH. ii. 17 ; er the rose, as it come into 
canser D. Trot 3344 ; cai^r, canJier-worm 
' teredo ' PR. P. 60. 
oaii]E«r4U>rt, sb., state of suffering, Ch.Tro. 

a. I7S*. 

oaaara-frata, adj., eaten aw^ wUk canker, 
Rob. 399. 
OiUiorea,v.,^m«ifi£Zji/. canceiflre ; canker, 
kankir Hoccu REG. PRIN. {in N. E. D.) ; 
oanerlnca, [ppie.) WiCL. PREF. bp. 69; 
oanorad (oonored), ulcerated, Tret. Barth. 
(in N. E. D.) ; here is a cankerd (droved) 
company York vii. 97, 
oaodele, sb., O.f.candeli^wrZii/. candOa; 
eandU, HOU. II. 47; avsnb. 103; candle 
Bee. 1969 ; condle CHR. £. 505. 

oandel-Mm, sb^ eandU-slich, ' luctmarium,' 
PR. P. 6a 

oondal-lDit, sb., camile-tight, tA;. 33753. 

kandal-maMe, sb., candlemas, Orh. 7706; 
condelmesse A. R. 413. 

oandel-staC sb., O.B. candelstaef; candle- 
stick, Wici„ EXOD. XXV. 33 ; candelstef Mk. 



oandel'-atlkke, sb., candlestick, pr. p, 60; 
Trev. 111. 187 ; kandelstike H. s. 9374. 

oandeler, ohaondeler, sb., Fr. chandelier, 
Btod.Eng. chandler; candle-maker, 'candt' 
lariui,' PR. p. 60, 71 ; chaundeler WlCl- 
JUDG. iv. 4*. 

sandrede, sb., Welsh cantred, from cant 
[hunted) ; cantred: a candrede is a coun* 
trai )iat conteine]) an hondred townes TREV. 
I-343- 

oane, sb., O.Fr, cane ; cane, 'canna,' voc I91 ; 
can {slender glass tube) LiDG. Troy (in a. 
E. D.). 

oftne, oh&ne, sb., khan, Mand. 188, 331. 

oanel, sb., chanel, OJ^r. canel, chanel ; canal, 
channel, pipe ; 'canaUs,' PR. P. 60, 69; kanel 
(throat) Gaw. 3398 ; chanel Trev. I. 133; 
oaaela (pi.) C v.. 1866; canel [chanel] 
3aS77; canel Wicl. S. w. II. 335; canels or 
pipes Pall. i. 464 ; canel of a bell ' canellus ' 
PR. p. 60. 
oanel-bQn. sb., collar-bone, Ch. D, Bl. 943 ; 
ANT. Arth. xl ; kanelbon RSL. II. 78, 



io6 



oanele. 



oaaele, stx, O.Fr.cajitlt {catttuiU) ; 

La}. 17744 ; canelle Mand. iB; ; canel P. L. S. 

XXXV. 76 ; WiCL. EXOD. XXX. 33. 
OAneU) v., Ger. kanea ; ieeomi ttumldy ; oAn«d 

(pfle.) ' acidus' Cath. $3. 
oaner^, sb., Fr. canevas ; eattvai, Ch. C. t. 

C 939 ; canvas PR. p. 60, 
oang, adj., cf. Swtd. IcAng ; fooUsk, Kath. 

360 A. R. 63 ; (f wanton) 56. 
oang-liolie, adv., t foolishly, a. r. 56. 
kang^oIiliM, sb., fftlfy, a. r. 338. 
oang, sb., //oo/, a. r. 270 ; kangei (//.) 362. 
oangen, v., f become foolish: we an oangade 

{^e.pl.) A, R. 36a' ; wm/. ft-oangec. 
oangan, ?sb.,Koaiig: beo he cangun o¥er 

ciupel H. M. 33 ; (v. r. cang) a. R. 63*. 
oume, sb., O^. canne, ■= O.H.G. channa ; 

COM, drinking vessel; kan LUD. Cov. 359; 
.MuitMS (^.) Wici- John ii. 6. 
osndn, aanoan, sb., Gr. ttmnr ; canon, rule, 

Ch. astr. iii. 33 (4a) j C m. 36390 ; apol. 

73 ; canon WiCL. Apoa PROL. ; c H. 31 190, 
oanon^adj.yVwMsb.; canonical; lawecanoun 

Trev. U. 117. 
OftHonie, sb., O.Fr. canonic, chanoine, .A^w 

£.ai. canonicus, c/. O.N. kanunkr; canon. 

Sax. chr. 350; canonn Bek. 386; chanon 

voc 194; chanoun 309; kaaunkM [gen.) 

Orm. dedic 9; oaaonaa, ca'nuncs (//.) 

Lai- 31861, 39853; canunes o. & N. 739; 

cbanounea Hav. 360. 
OUloniel, adj., Fr. canonial ; canonical, A. R. 8. 
oanonistre, sb., canonist, Wicl. s. w. I. 33 ; 

oanonlatres (//.) Lamgl. A viii. 135. 
oasonisidfpple., f<i/<t0/iV; theseueneepistolis 

that ben clepid canonisid Wicl. James prol. 
oanonisaoioTiii, sb., Iht act of canoniting, 

PR. p. 60 ; Mand. 176. 
oanonlzen, oanonifien, v., medXat. canoni- 

zare; canoniee, Wicl. s. w. II, 387 \ Gow. 

I. 3S4 ; III. 380. 
outonlsliig, sb., canonisation, WlCL. S. w. 

III. 456. 

I, sb., cancfy, PR. p. 60 ; WiCL. JUD. 



oant, adj., cf. MJ}u, kant; t eager, brave 

cant and kene Min. vii. 107 ; c u. 8943 

kant & cof Man. (F.) 1886; mani kso 

knight Halliw. 4BS. 
oant-H, adv., eagerly, MlN. v, 64. 
osntaride, sb., cantkarides. Pall. i. 138. 
OantebrOgge, pr. n., Cambridge, p. l. S. xiii 

66 ; Cantebrfgge Ch. C. t. A 3931. 
oantel, sb., O.Fr. cantel ; bit, piece cut of, 

Ch. C. t. a 3008 ; B. DISC 346 ; ant. Arth. 

xli; a cantel of brede voc. 258; kantel 

Shor. 33 ; Gener. 5934. 
oantal-oiipa, sb., O.E. cantek:ipa; cloak, 

Laj. 39749. 



oajtped. 

oantiolB, sb.. Lot. canticuluui ; canticle, OBH. 

St EX. 4134. 

oantin, v., divide, share, 'pariior,' PR. P. 60; 
[Oantwar©, pr. n. pi., O.E. Cantware {pi.) ; 

inkaiitants of Kent. \ 
Caotware-bOrl, pr. n., O.E. Cantwara 

burg ; Canterbury, Laj. 3821 ; Cantoreburi 

PRAG. 5 ; Canterbuii BEK. 340. 
oanonk, tee eanonlo. 
oapooit^, sb., Fr. capacity, ./Wm ZoC.capad- 

m ; capacity, w. & 1. 66. 
oapoioan, sb., capture, WlCL. 3 Pet. ii. 13. 
mpoiooB, adj., captious, WICU S. W, II. 13; 

Capciows BOKEN. 7. 

rape [P oApe], sb., O.Fr. cape, chape, cf. OJV. 
kapa ; cape, cope : be nom ane cape of his ane 
cnihte La}. 13097 ; and nomen tailes of nehjea 
and hangede on his cape [cope] 39559 i '^P^ 
cope 'capa' PR. P. 91 ; cbapc of a schethe 69 ; 
cope Shor. 110; jif he have* enne widne 
hod & one ilokene cope A. R. 56 ; kope Hav. 
429 ; coope WlCL. zxOD. xxv. 7 ; o6pM (pi) 
Lancl. a PROL. 53 ; comp. eantsI-oApe. 

oapel [oapil, oapul], sb., O.M. kapaJl, ffoam 
Jr. capall, capuU, Gael. capuU, Lot. cabaUus ; 
kor^e, nag, Ch. C. t. A 40B8 ; capul LaNGL. 
A iv. 33 [capel Cv. 34] ; capul PR. P. 6} i 
capel {hen) ToWML. 99. 
lapen [Poftpen], v„ provide with a cape or 
cope\ oApeb {pres.) Langl. .i4iii. 138 ; oh^cd 
(/^Z(.)Ch.C.t.^366. 

oapitain, sb., OJ^r. capitatn ; captain, Gow. I. 
360 ; Ch. C. t. /^ 330 ! captein Wici- s. W. 
111.360; capitane Barb. viii. 53; raptain* 
(/;.) WiCL. s. w. 1. 323 ; see oheTetalo. 

capital, adj., O.Fr.capital; capital: wewrite^ 
capital lettres Trev. I. 129 ; capitale WiNT, 
VI. xix. 37; capitale ennime {deadly foe). 
Barb. iii. 3 ; oapitaleii {pi.) a. r. 358. 

capital, sb., O.Fr. chapitel; capital: pilers 
, . . with ... capitale P. S. L. xxxv. 69; 
oapltala (pi.) n. £. d. 

oapitle, sec ohapitls. 

oapltolie [oapitoile, oapthole], sb., O.Fr. 
capitolie ; capitol, citadel, CH. C. T. B 3893 ; 
capitole Barb. i. 543. 

oapoon, sb., O.f.capQn, O.Fr. capon, chapon; 
capon ; capun REL. I. 317 ; capoun [chapoun] 

p. S. 334 (p. 43) 1 oapSllB {pi.) AYENB. 38 ; 

capones Langl. B xv. 466. 
oappariB, sb,, IjU. capparis ; a^er {the plant) ; 

{ear. vers, caperis] Wicl. ecclks. xii. 5. 
oappe, sb., O.E. c^eppe, O.Fris. cappa, OJf, 

kappa, O.H.G. cbappa ; cap, 'pileus,' PR. P. 

60; 'caiepira' {unkum-pa) VOC 183; P, S. 

330; Mand. 347; ^s manciple sette here 

aller cappe Ch. C. t. A 586; lu^pan {dat.pl.) 

A. R, 430 ; comp. flell-, nilit-oappe. 
capped, pirte., wearing « cap : aak thi cappd 

nuustnt p. p. II. 107. 



oappere. 



oarl. 



107 



oapp^rOy sb., capmaker^ £. G. 12. 
oapret, sb^ cf. Ital, capretto ; gaztlle^ WiCL. 
DEUT. xii. 15. 

oapriooniy sb., O.Fr. capricom ; Capricorn^ 
Ch. astr. i. 17 (9). 

oaprifle, v., Lot. capriftcSu:^ ; ripen by capri- 
ficoHan^ Pall. iv. 593. 

oapriflgy sb., wildfig^ Pall. iv. 589. 

oapstan, sb., capstan^ a. p. ii. 418. 

oaptiTe^ sb., captive, Ch. Tro. iii. 333* 

oaptiTey v., ntake captive, LiDG. M. P. 38. 

oaptivitey sb., 0,Fr. captivity ; captivity (ms. 

captyuide), A. P. ii. 161 2. 
oaptdy see oapeL 
oar, adj., Gaei, cearr ; le/t (hand) : be car honde 

(panted cBx^ond<^) ant. Arth. (R.) xlviii. 

oar, see ker. 

oaraote, sb., O.Fr, caracte ; character, letter ; 
carecte Langl. j9 xii. 90 ; caracter, carecter 
WiCL. APOC. xiii. 16, 17: carecte Gow. I. 57 ; 
eareotUB [v. r. carrectis] (//.) ^t Crist wroot 
Langl. J9 xii. 80. 

oaraine, see caroine. 

oarake, sb., /Hr.caraque ; a sort 0/ ship ; carike 
Ch. C. t. D 1688 ; oaraokea (//.) SQ. l. deg. 
819. 

oaraldes. sb., pi., ?»oar(He8 ; / chains, a. p. 

••• _— 
ui. 157. 

oarawai, sb., - Ger. karvei, /rotn Arab, kara- 
wiySl ; caraway, 9R. P. 62. 

oarbunole. sb., OJ*'r, carbuncle, charboacle ; 
carbuncle (gem), Trev. II. 235 ; charbucle 
H. M. 43 ; cnarbode CH. C. T. B 2061 ; char- 
bugle FL..& Bl. 234; charbokill D. Troy 
3170; charboncle Mand. 239; charboncle of 
armes Lidg. Boch. (in N. £. d.). 

charbunole-atdn, sb., carbuncle, Fer. 1741. 

oaroaia, see oarkeia. 

oarde, sb., Fr, carde ; card (for wool), PR. P. 
62. 

oarde% sb.. 0,Fr. carte ; playing-card: 
oardea (//.) Chest. II. 83. 

oardlnge, sh,, playing at cards, rel. II. 224. 

oarden, v., Fr, carder ; card (wool) ; cardin 
PR. P. 62; karde Langl. Cx. 80; oaarded 
(ppie.) Langl. ^x. 18. 

oardiake, sb., Fr, (passion) cardiaque ; heart 
disease, Halliw. 232^ cardiacle Langl. 
B xiii. 335 ; Ch. C. t. C313. 

oardinaly adj., OSr, cardinal ; chief, cardinal i 
cardenale PR. P. 62; oardinalB (cardinal 
virtues) (pi.) c M. 10008 ; ayenb. 123. 

oardinal% sb., cardinal (ecclesiastic), LA3. 

a9497- 
oardoun, sb., OF'r. cardon; thistle, ^cardo,* 

voa 191. 

oardne, sb., Lat, carduus; thistle, Wicl. 
4 KING3 xiv. 9. 

t 



odre, sb., 0,E, ceani, cztvl,'^ O.L,G. cara, 
Goth, kara, O.H,G. chara ; care, Lk. x. 40 ; 
La^ 23051; H. M. 27; Orm. 4852; Hay. 
2062 ; C L. 217 ; Ch. C. t. A 1569 ; PR. C. 
7263; god sente on him seknesse & care 
GEN. & EX. 775 ; care and sorwe Rob. 301 ; 
kare o. & N. 1590; Will. 726; kare and 
howe S. s. (Web.) 1493 ; on kare & on pine 
HOM. I. 129 ; edrun, caren (dot, pL) Lk. 
viii. 14 ; comp. mdd-care. 

oar-ftd, adj., 0,E, cearful; careful, Bek. 
639 ; Will. 2201 ; chsrful La^. 21572 ; kare- 
fUIle (pL) cnihtes 16760. 

carfti(l)-liche, adv., carefully, C L. 203 ; 
carfulli Will. 4347. 

oarftOneaae, sb., carefulness, HOM..L 115. 
k^ure-lfiaa, adj., 0,E, cearleas ; careless, A. R. 
246; careles La). 12478. 

oarf, sb., ?«kirf ; cut^ wound', oariTea (pL) 
D. Arth. 2713. 

caiiy sb., some rough cloth, PL. CR. 442. 

oaridge, sb., 0,Fr, cariage ; carriage, * vec- 
tura,* PR. p. 62 ; Trey. III. 391 ; Wicl.gen. 
xlv. 19; Ch. C. t. 7677; Barb. viii. 275; 
K. Col. 40. 

oarie, sb., f thing of price, treasure; t cart- 
load : i wol geve )>e gimmes and bighes, ten 
)K)usand caries (//.) Aus. 6695. 

(MJbrieiit v., 0,E, cearian, = Goth, karon, 0,H,G. 
charon ; care, be anxious, A. R. 48 ; he wile 
carien for hire H. M. 5 ; karien HOM. I. 193 ; 
carie Rob. 312 ; care MiN. viii. 1 ; oAre (pres,) 
SPEC. 54 ; carest Will. 3182 ; care)> P. 28 ; 
chared Mat. vi. 34; xxi. 34; (we) carie^ 
P.s. 149; c4rande (>^/^.) Gaw. 674 ; c&rede 
(pret,) Bek. 125 ; s. a. L. 158; heo careden 
LEB. Jes. 25. 

oarien, v., 0,Fr, carier ; carry, Langl. A ii. 
132 ; £. G. 20 ; carie Gow. II. 293 ; Ch. C. t. 
^ 130 ; Mand. 49. 
cariare, sb., carrier, ^ vector i PR. P. 62; 
carier Barth. (jin N. £. D.). 

oarited, sb., 0,Fr. carit^, Lat. c^ritStem; 

charity. Sax. chr. 263 ; karite^ Orm. 2998 ; 

charite ayenb. 79 ; Ch. C. t. A 532 ; cherite 

HOM. I. 39. 
oark, sb., AF'r, care ; grief trouble, Ar. & 

Mer. 3952 ; cark [carkej Gam. 760 ; karke 

(dot) Man. (H.) 135. 
oarkeis, sb., / 0,Fr, oarcois ; carcase, PR. P. 

62 ; HOCCL. (in n. £. D.) ; karkeis WiCL. 

EXOD. xxi. 35 ; carcais PR. C 874. 

oarkeilt v., 0,Fr, carkier, mod.Eng, cark ; be 
anxious \ carke PL. T. 198; carke and care 
SQ. L. DEG. 924; oarke (pres,) spec. 54; 
Jos. 30; oarked (pple^ Ar. & Mer. 
4464. 

oarken, see ohargin. 

oarl, sb., 0,N. karl, « 0,H,G, chari, kari 
(allied to oheorl, q, t/.) ; husbandman; man, 
males ^rusticus,* PR. P. 6a; Hay. 1789; 



io8 oarL 

CH. C. T. a us; C m, 13808 ; ToWML. 313 

karl Iw. 559 ; Oerrv. karUnff, 
oarl-maa. sb., O.JV. Imrl-, kanna¥r; male 

person ; cannan c. u. 3937 ; oarlmBn (j)/.) 

and yrimmcD Sax. cur. 361. 
oarUaoh, adj., manly, moKulint; karlischt 

^ngea HOti. I. 373. 
O&rme, sb., CarmelUe; oannea (pi.) Wicu 

8.W, 111.353. 
osmaoldii, sb., ituamaiiMi, lusa 3l6. 
Oanud, adj., OJ^r, camel) chamel ; carnal, 

LUD. Cov. 84 ; Lido. m. p. 44. 
oamaUtd, sb., carnality^ LUD. Cov. 114; 

CKST. R. (H.') 195. 
osmel, set kamsL 
OBToiiie, sb-, O.Fr. caroigne, charoigne ; 

carrion, carcase, ROB. 216: AYEnb. 86 

Langi. B frol. 193 ; carein apol. 105 , 

cardne Ch. p. r. 177 ; canon PR. c 847 ; 

caraine A. p. ii. 45^ ; karin D. TROV 13035 ; 

caren 1971 ; caraing P. s. 303; oharolnM 

(//.) A. R. 84 ; careini WiCL. gen. iv. 
Oarole, sb., O.Fr. carole ; carol, dona, seta; 

'ckain, Rob. 53 ; s. 5. (Wr.) 3SS5 ; ouobi 

(pt.) Ch. C. t. .^ 1931. 
osndin, v., O.Fr. caroler ; carol, PR. r. 63 , 

carole and singe CH, D. Bl. 849; karoU 

ipret.) C H. 7600 ; karoled (/^Ic.) Man. 

(F.) 1777. 
oarp, sb^ c/. O.N. karp, {boasi), Swtd. karp 

^prat' RIETZ); t fait, A. P. ii. 33, 1337 " 

A. I- 83 ; caipe a. p. i. 883. 
Oarpe, sb., OJ>.carpe, O.H.G. ctwrpbo ; carp 

(ajiii), ' carpus,' PR. P. 63. 
oarpenter, sb., O.Fr. carpentier ; atrpcn/er, 

Rob. 537; Cu. C. T. '43189; oarpoatan 

(pi.) L. H. R, 30 ; caipentours D. Troy 1597. 
OUpflDtiie,sb., O.^r.caipenterie; earptiury, 

Wicu XX. xxxr. 33. 
oarpin, v., OJV. kania, mod.Eng. carp (at) , 

speak, talk, st^, ^ fcAulori PR. p. 63 ; catpe 

WILL. 4581 ; Jos. 440 ; Langl. B xix. 65 

Ch. C. t. a 474 ; Deck. 9 ; Lidg. m. p. 191 

to carpe wif jour qwene ant. Arth. zi ; thi 

king . . . oftTpia {prts^ >es wordes D. Arth. 



(>^.)Gow.'llf. 195; k«rpede'(>irv/.)~Isuu. 

334; carped Gaw. 1088. 
oarpan, sb., talker, PR. P. 62. 
oarplng, sb., talk. Will. 4660 ; karping 

Iw. 137. 
our, tee ker. 
cure, sb., O.Fr. car, cbar ; car, ' carrvsj PR. 

P. 63; chare ' currus' 69 ; carre Mand. 130; 

duwe 175; char, cbare Ch. C. T. A 3138; 

chaar, chare [' cvrrum 1 WiCL. GEN. di 43 ; 

canis ^ plaustra '] NUM. vii. 9. 
oart, sb., rO.E. cfict; cf. O.N. kartr; cart, 

*rhtda,' PR. P. 63; LEG. 169 J Ch. C. T. 

'^)539; £■ 0.353; lean voc. 167; cut, 



carte Langl. .i4 ii. IS4; ortt TOC 181; 
WiCL. 3 KINGS X. 39 ; karte Oku. prkf. 48 ; 
kert ^cumts' FRAG. 4; oarte {dat^ I^ 
11396; oartan (pi.) ayknb. 35; cartes 
Mand. 350 ; cartes and waines GEN. & BX. 
3363 ; comp. dung-fiait. 

oait-«lout, sb., iron plati toprottcttlu axte- 
tree, ' ^usaum,' voc. 378. 

oarte-bodl, sb., voc. 167. 

oarta-bondea, sb., pi., 'icndet d* Us rots' 
voc 167. 

oart-ftill, sb., cart-Jitl, oir, R. ii. ijS. 

oart-hora, sb., cart-horse, voc 187. 

eaita-15d«, sb., cart-load. Ha v. 895. 

oait-mara, sb., cart-mare, Langl. B vL 389. 

oarte-nava, sb., ' timpano^ voc t8a 

oart-aadal, sb., ' dortHollum^ voc aoa; 
REL. I. 81. 

oarte-staC sb., earf-sh^, ROB. 99 ; caitstaf 
Gau. 590, 

oart-wet, sb., cart-w^, Langl. A Si. 137 ; 
Trev. L 63. 

oart-whaal, sb., cart-whetl, Cu. C. T. 
Z>3355. 

kait-wrlsht, sb., cart-btdl4er, 'earptn^- 
rius; voc 1 9+. 
oarte,sb.,<?.J>. carte; /J>wiA'w,'Gow.IlI.l3a 
oartia, v., eart, carry in a cart, PR. P. 63 ; 
cart Langl. Cvi. 63. 

oart«ra, sb., carter, aybnb. 160 ; Ch. C. T. 
i7i543; s. &c L hd; kartere [cartarelo.& 
N. 1 186 ; cartare PR. P. 63. 
saa, sb., Fr. cas ; case, ckatta, ROB. 9 ; CHR. 
E, 663 ; AYBNB. 36 ; Will. 326 ; C M. 1407 ; 
GKST. R. (H.') lii. 330. 

oasbalde, sb., a term of reproach, YORK 
xMiv. 194 ; TowNL. 133, 
saak, adj., O.N. Vaskr, karskr ; swift, lively ; 
kaaka (//.) Hav. 1841 ; su oraak. 
tasse, sb., O.Fr. cassc, cf. mod-Eng. case ; 
box, PR. P. 269 ; cas Ch. C. t. A ao8a 
oasBeo, v., Fr. casser ; qvash ; vhiMkA {ppU.) 
E.G. 311. 
oassidoin, sb., OJ^r. cassidoine ; chaloedoigt ; 
oaaaidolnea (pi.) A. ?. ii. 1471. 
last, sb., O.N. kast ; cast, throw, WILL. 4653 ; 
Hand. 93 ; Ch. C. t. A 3605 ; Flor. 1406 ; 
Wici- NUif. ixxv. 17 ; ANT. Arth. ;dviii. 



oafltel,3b.,0.£.,a^r.cas(eI;c<u//«,BSK.9oS9; 
fixt CAStel Lk. xix. 30 ; ^ne castel Laj. 191 ; 
caslel and bur3 me mai iwinne O. & n. 766 ; 
kastel Oru. 19941 ; oaatalla {dat.) Mat. xxi. 
3; castele AYENB. 131; castele, castle Lk^. 
14138. 30771; oaatlea (pi.) Sax. chr. 351. 

oaatel-bilri, sb., caslle precincts, La). 6714. 

oaatel-jat. sb., caslU-gate, Lk^. 18653. 

oastel-toun, sb., Aus. J131. 



oaitel. 



ir, lb., eastU tower, Tkist. 15S. 
vtmUH'fnl, sb^ castle wall, uou. I. 141 
Mam. (F.) 5078. 
OMtol-warfc, sb., casftllattd -mork, WILL. 



I;, lb., O^r. castelet, chastelet ; smalt 
autU, s. S. (Web.) 3754 ; chastelet Lanrl. 
J 11.84. 

OMtellun, sb., O.Fr. castellain ; master oft 
castit, Gow. 1. 184. 

iMWtoUion, sb., castellan, Gener. 3128. 

mwten, v., OM. kasta ; cast, throw, SPEC. 37 
Ch. Tro. iii. 711; to CBsten him in ircn!_ 
Langl. a iv. 73 ; kasten Kath. 946; caster 
Gow. I. 334; Wicl. John viii. 59; Pzrc 
683; anker . . , kaste Horn (H.) 1053 ; 
keuten Jul. 67 ; kesten a. r. 56; kesten in 
feterei Hav. 1784 ; keste ayenb. 99 ; Man. 
(H.) 54 i OUteS {pres.) UOU. II. 177 ; a . . . 
rote f«t kest vele kveade bo^es AVBNB. 3I ; 
«Mte ( pret.) Hou. I. 47 ; Laj. 1919* ; Rob. 
151; Brd. 8; Mand. 93; kaste Kath. 
1360: it kaste a cri Map 339 ; keste Isuu. 
€oS; hi oaaten(jt/.)heore lot MISC. 50; kesten 
Gaw. 1649; oast i^U.) Flor. 3181; icast 

BOH. I. S! ; BkK. 4S0; C L. 807; TRANS. 

XVIII. 35 ; ikest A. r. 338 ; comp. »-, U-, 
fixT-, avts-, flmbe- M Wtan. 

I, sb., caster, Wicl. prov. xxviii. 7. 
, sb., easting, WiCL. S. w. I. 3J1 ; 
casting (vomit) WiCL. 2 PET. ii. 23 ;. k&stmg 
Will. 943. 
OWtigBtifin, sb., cMastitemtta, Ch. l. S. 26. 



eaatiaUli, adv., casually, Ch. H. f. 679. 

oamalti, sb., Fr. casualit^ ; change, n. f. 33. 

Mt, lb., O-E. catt, cf. O.N. kfittr m., O.Fris. 
kaite, OJi.G. cbaia/., Lat. catus, cattus, Ir., 
Gael, cat m., Welsh cath// cat, A. R. 103 ; 

B. M. 37; AYEKB. I79 ; LANGL. if PROL. 

149 ; Ch. C. t. £1350; Ar. & Mer. 8736; 

cat, kat 0. ft N. 810, 831 ; ofie muse^ \k kat 

after hire moder rel. I. 180; cw>tt«« {^m.) 

Langi. B frol. 179 ; cattes drit p. S. 340 ; 

k«tt«l mlnto catmint, 'nep[e)ta' VJL\^ I. 37 ; 

oattoB (pi.) Mand. 139. 
Oktapuoe, sb., O.Fr. catapuce, from Lat. 

catapotium ; a plant, Ch. C. t. B 4155. 
Okteomneling, sb., eaUekumen, LANCL.6738 

(W.) ; oMtakumAllnsM {pL) B xi. 77. 
Mtel, sb., O.Fr. catel, chatel, i:a/. . capitiJe, 

mod.EHg. cattle and chattel; properly; 

chattel, cattle ; Laj. 30673* ; HAV.335; C.L, 

990; AYENB. 36; Rich. 1546; LANGL.5vii. 

22; S. S. (Wr.) i3io; wib heore catel and 
beoTC gode TRANS. XVIII. 34; catel hadde 
^ inough and rente Ch. C. T. A 373 ; Catell 



oeint. 



109 



c M. 6003 ; chatel HOU. I. 371 ; chetel a. r. 

324 (v. r. feh) ; ohatmu (//.) ROB. 18. 
ofttonote, sb., Fr. catatacte ; cataract, 

TowKi. 39; oatoraotea {pi.) Townl. 33; 

cateractes Lidg. {in n. E. d,). 
OAtorwrSTSd) v., catermauling ; gon a cater- 

wnwed [wawed] Ch. C. t. D 354. 
oaithedral, adj., OJ^r. cathedral ; cathedral, 

Rob. 383. 
oatirpel, sb., caterpillar, PR. p. 63. 
oatoor, see aohatour. 
oanofi, sb., O.Fr. caud^, diaud^ ; causeway, 

paved road,V9..v. 64; kauce Man. -(H.) 183. 

OMLot-irel, sb., causeway, PR. P. 64. 
OBHoifin, sb., Fr. caution ; caution (tail, 

seevriijf, pledge), Rob. 506 ; caudoun WiCL. 

Lc. xvi. 6 ; kancion Alis. 3811. 
Oftudel, sb., O.Fr. caudel, chaudel; caudle, 

Rob. 561 ; cawdel Langl. A v. 30;. 
oaudrdn, sb., OJ^r. cauderon, chauderon ; 

caldron, Bhd, 17 ; LEG. 41 ; Trev. V, 323. 
oailken, v., O.Fr. cauquer {trample) ; tread, 

copulate as a cock, Langl. BtM. 339; oau- 

kede {pret.) xi. 350. 
0»al, sb., O.E. caul, cawl,=O.A'. kSl. O.H.G. 

ciiiii, <A\\ from Lat. CMms: catiage, frag, i; 

kaul voc 141 ; coul UlR. PL. S; kal reu I. 

S2 ; cal [col] C U. 12536 ; col L. C C. 48 ; 

cool Pall. i. 879. 
atkvl; cSl-plaota, sb., cabbage; kfil«- 

plantm (pi.) Lancl. £vi. 388. 
oAl-atok. sb., O.N. kalstokkr ; cabbage-stem, 

voc 190 ; PR. P. 58. 
OUni-TaKaTi,sh.,a sort 0/ coarse j/u^ Langl. 

.^ i. 63 ; see oarL 

Mose, sb., Fr. cause ; cause, a. r. 316 ; ayenb. 

334; Ch. C. t. a 419; In oaoM, Because 

174; because Mand. 15, 46. 
oaiue-lM, adj., causeless, Ch. Tro. iv. 1448 ; 

Gener. 734 ; causelesse Cn. An. 339. 
OftiueDt v., J^r. causer ; cause; aa.vMti> (Prts.) 

Gow. I. 363 ; R. R. 433J. 
oauMT, sb., one who causes, u. GOD 13. 
omtdle, sb., Fr. cautele ; cunning, PR, P. 64 ; 

Gow. IlL 140; oautUla {pi.) VfiCL. s. W. I. 

6 ; cautdis gest. R. (H.') 133. 
Omteloofl, adj., cautious, crafty ; cautelonse 

WICL. JOB V. 13 ; cauteUousWlCL.8. W. 1. 333. 
o&ve, sb., Fr. cave ; cave, gen. & KX. II37 ; 

Will. 35 ; Ch. C. t. B yxi. 
oarel, set kereL 
oarern, sb., O.Fr. caverne; cavern, Ch. 

BOET. iii. 9 (82). 
oavUUoioim, sb., O.Fr. cavilladon ; act of 

cavilling, Ch. C. T. P3136. 
oedre, sb,, Fr. cedte; cedar, ayenb. 131; 

C U. 1377- 
ceint, sb., O.Fr. ceint, Lat. cinctus j girdle, 

Ch. C. T. a 329; saint Iw. 1773. 



no 



oelebrable. 



ohaft. 



oelebrable, adj., O.Fr, celebrable ; celebrated^ 

famous^ Ch. Boet. iii. 9 (84). 
oelestial, adj., 0,Fr, celestial ; celestial^ hea-' 

7/enfyy Gow. III. 301. 
oelidoine, sb., 0,Fr, celidoine; celandine^ 

SPEC. 26. 

oeliiiy v., ceil {a room) ; cover (a wall), ' celoy 
PR. P. 65. 
cdlinge, sb., ceiling, Fer. 1330. 

oelle, sb., 0,Fr, celle ; cell, p. l. s. ix. 60 ; PL. 
CR. 739; celle [selle] Ch. C. t.^ 172; oellei 
(pi.) A. R. 152 ; cellen ayenb. 267. 

celler, sb., 0,Fr, celier, Lot, cellSrium ; 
cellar, Gow. III. 12 ; celer PR. P. 65 ; celere 
A. R. 214; aelers (pi,) WiCL. PS. cxiiii. 13. 

oellerer, sb., Fr, cellerier; cellarer, REL. I. 

273. 
celsitude» sb., 0,Fr, celsitude ; loftiness, cr. 

LOVE 610. 
oelure, sb., canopy, screen ; selure, PL. CR. 

201 ; Gaw. 76 ; a celour or a coverlit, * cela- 

iorium ' voc (W.W.) 571 ; selour E. w. 76 ; 

silour 36 ; silure ' celatura ' PR. P. 456. 
oementixigy sb., binding together, Ch. C. t. 

oempe, see kemi>e. 

oendaly sb., O.Fr, cendal, sendal ; a rick stuff, 

MISC. 43 ; sendal P. l. s. i. 1 1 ; Ch. C. t. 

^440. 

oene, sb., O.Fr, ^aine ; the Lord*s Supper, 

WiCL, APOC. PROL. 

oenefeotorie, adj.. Lot. scenifactdria (ars) ; 

cenefectorie craft (tent-making trade), WiCL. 

DEEDS xviii. 3. 
oenith, senith, sb., O.Fr. cenith ; senith, Ch. 

ASTR. i. 19 (11). 

cense, sb., for enoens ; incense, WiCL. lev. 

ii. I. 
oense ', sb., O.Fr, cense, Lat, census ; tribute ; 

?cence (printed Xence) Alis. 3025. 
oenaeiit aenaen, v., offer incense, PR. p. 66 ; 

•aiudiige (pple.) Ch. C. t. A 3341. 
eeiudnge, sb., the act of offering incense, 

PR. P. 66. 
oenaer, sb., for enoenaer ; 0,Fr, encensier ; 

censer ; censer [sencer, senser, sensure] Ch. 

C. T. A 3340. 
oent, sb., O.Fr, cent, Lat. centum ; hundred, 

OCTOV. (W.) 1463. 
oentre, sb., Fr. centre ; centre, Gow. III. 92 ; 

Ch. ASTR. i. 21 (12). 
oenture, sb., O.Fr. centoire ; centaury (a herb), 

[v.r. centaure, sentaurie] Ch. C. t. ^94153. 

oepter, ceptre, sb., O.Fr. sceptre ; sceptre, 
PR. p. 66; Alis. 6716. 

oeroheiit v., O.Fr. cerchier; search \ cerche 
LiDG. M. P. 159 ; serche d. Troy 1537 ; seer- 
gin PR. P. 453 ; Berohit ( pret^ D. Troy i 533 ; 
oerohad (pple.) Mand. 315. 

oeerohinge, sb., searching, PR. p. 67. 



oercle, sb., Fr. cercle ; circle, l. h. R. 28 ; 
Gaw. 615 ; Trev., V. 171. 

cerclen, serolen, v., O.Fr. cercler, from 
Lat. circulare ; encircle, Ch. Tro. iii. 1717. 

cerge, sb., O.Fr, cerge ; wax candle, £d. i 274 ; 
oergeB (pi.) Hav. 594 ; see serge. 

cerial, adj., Ital. ctre^t, from cerro evergreen 
oak: 00k cerial evergreen oak, Ch. C. t. 
A 2290. 

oerimoin, oeremoin, oerimonie, sb., OJ^r. 
cerimonie ; ceremony, WiCL. DEUT. xi. 32. 

oerty adv., O.Fr. cert ; certainly, Alis. 5802. 

oertein, adj. & adv., Fr. certain; certain, 
Rob. 52 ; Man. (F.) 4875. 
oertain-liche, adv., certainly, LEG. 47. 

oerteintd, 0,Fr. certainet^ ; certainty, Man. 

(H.) 278. 
oertes, adv., Fr, certes; certainly, o. & N. 

1769; Fl. & Bl. 523; p. L. s. xvii. 441 ; 

Will. 732. 

certifie, v., Fr, certifier ; certify, PR. c 6546 ; 
we . . . oertifie (pres.) Gow. I. 192. 

oeruoe [seruoe], sb., Fr. ceruse ; ceruse 
(white lead), Ch. C. t. A 630. 

oessaoidxiy sb., O.Fr. cessation ; cessation, 
LUD. Cov. 107. 

oessexiy oeseiiy v., O.Fr. cesser; cease, Langl. 
A ii. 122 ; cesse Ch. C. t. B 1066 ; cese 
TRANS. XIX. 329; sese Will. 1516; eteed 
(pple) Gaw. i, 

cesflinge [oteinge], sb., discontinuing, 
WiCL. LEV. xxiii. 2. 

cestred, oestered, adj., darkened, PS.cxxxviii. 
12 ; Ixxiii. 20. 

oete^ oethe-grande, sb., Lat. cStus, pi. 
c6te (grandia) ; whale, Misc 16. 

oetewale, oetuale, see sedewaL 

cetton, see o&88e. 

chaalami, see oalanxi. chdoe, see oaohe. 

chaoeable, 2id'},,Jit to be hunted, Gow. II. 169. 

oh&oen, ehdoinge^ see oaoohm. 

chaceour, ehaaur, sb., hunter (horse), P. L. 
s. ii. 109. 

ohaere, sb., O.Fr. chaere, Lat. cathedra, Gr. 
KdBidpa; chair, HORN (L.) 1 261 ; ROB. 3»I : 
chaire P. L. s. xvii. 256 ; chaiere Horn (R.) 
1271 ; C M. 9954. 

ohafy sb., O.E. ceaf, cef, » M,L.G., M.Du. 
leaf; chciff, La). 29256; Orm. 1528 ; GEN. & 
EX.2889; chaf [caf] C.M.4751 ; chefHOM.1. 
85 ; A. R. 270 ; ^t chef AYENB. 62 ; caf PR. C 
3148; APOL. 54; oheve (dat,) HOM. I. 85; 
AYENB. 210 ; fa chefu [^paleas '] Mat. iii. 12. 

chaf-finoh, sb., chinch, PR. P. 68. 
ohiUlan, see ohaufen. 
ohaflnEtre, see oh6api3ure under ohSap. 
Chaft, sb., O.N. kiaptr ; Jaw, * maxilla,^ CATH. 
57 ; ohaftia (//.) ant. Arth. (M.) xi. 

dhalt-ban, sb., c M. 1073. 



ohaine. 



oliappeiL 



III 



ohalney sb., O.Fr. chaene; cAain; chdne 

BIan. (F.) 8661 ; ohaines (pi.) ayenb. 264. 
Ayiyiwn^ v., chain \ Pcheenin PR. P. 72; 

dhaine (pres.) Langl. CxxL 287. 
dudre, ue ohaere. 
Ohftinel, sb.9 0,Fr, chaisel, chainsil; itnen, 

Hmngarment^ Alis. 279; s. s. (Web.) 1814; 

cheUiiLA). 23761 ; misc. 51. 
oliftlAiiiiy see oalftmi* 
ohalandre, sb., Fr. calandre ; sort of iark, 

P. L. S. XXXV. 97. 

obAld, J// o^Ud. 

€ilialeTige» sb., O.Fr. chalonge, calenge; 

ekaUinge, cUdm^ injustice^ ayenb. 34 ; calenge 

Shor. 131. 
ehalengeable, adj., that may be challenged^ 

Langl. Cxiv. 117. 

Otaalengeiit v., 0,Fr, chalengier, caleneier; 
challenge; accuse; claim : chalenge ]^catum' 
nian^y<^ich. 1 paral. xvL 21 ; Ch. C. t. D 
1200 ; chalange M. H. 3 ; PR. c. 2253 ; calangi 
Rob. 45 1 ; kalengest (pres.) A.R. 54 ; calenge^ 
ayenb. 43 ; ohalanged (pple.) Langl. £ v. 

174. 

dhalang«r» sb., challenger^ accuser^ rbl. I. 
8 ; WiCL. PS. kxi. 4 ; ohalengerls (pL) Job 
XXXV. 9. 

ohalimglnge, sb., challenging^ contradic- 
tion^ WiCL. GEN. xliii. 18; Langl. £vt. 
338 ; chalanginge {accusing) B v. 88. 

ohalf^ see oal£ ohalioe^ see oaloh. 

chalk, sb., 0,E, c&aXc,^0,H.G, calc, chalc, 
/romLat.cslx\ chalh^ CH, C. T. G B06 ; calk, 
chalk, calXf < creta ' PR. P. 58. 

dhalk-wlutt adj., white like chalk, Gaw. 798. 

ohalo-atdn, sb., O.E. cealcsUin ; chalkstone, 
FRAG. 4 ; chalkston Ch. C. T. G 1207. 

ohaldn, sb., O.Fr, chalon, c/, mod.Eng, 
shalloon ; a sort of woollen stuff, ' tapetum^ 
VOC 178 ; chalun ^toral^ PR. p. 68 ; chaloun 
£. G. 351 ; ohaldna {pi) Ch. C. t. A 414a 

ohampaine, sb., 0,Fr. chaxnpaigne; plain, 
open country, dream 2064. 

Ohampartiey sb., O.Fr, champart ; partner- 
ship, Ch. C. t. ^1949; LlDG. M. P. 131; 
champertie £. G. 400. 

ohamberling, sb., cf. O.Fr. chamberlan, 
OJi.G. chamarlinc ; chamberlain ; chamber- 
Ung, A. r. 410 ; chamberlein Rob. 390. 

Ohambre, sb., O.Fr. chambre; chamber, BsK. 
452; MAND.24; chaumbre A. R, 92 ; chombre 
AYBNa 215. 

4Aamber-dor«, sb., chamber door^ Iw. 63 ; 
chambirdore ISUM. 652. 

ehaumbcr-wouh, sb., chamber-watt, Jos. 
204. 

ohamtRrtre, sb., Fr. chambriere; chcunber- 
woman^ Mand. 102. 
ifliamfil. jwf <»^w>ai 



ohamlit, sb., some eastern fabric, n. £. d. ; 
chamelot quair clvii. . 

ohampidn, oampion, sb., O.Fr. champion; 

chanson, PR. P. 69 ; champioun CHR. £.. 49 ; 

campion c L. 906; GhampiOna (//.) A. R. 236. 

ohanoe, see oheanoe. 

ohaneel, sb., /^r. chancel; chancel; chauncel 
PR. p. 71. 

ohanceler, sb., Fr. chancelier; chancellor, 
p. L. s. xvii. 240; canceler Sax. chr. 251. 

ohanoelerie, sb., Fr. chancellerie; chancellor- 
ship, Bek. 359 ; chauncelrie Langl. B prol. 

93. 

ohanoerie, ohaunoerie, sb.,^ ohanolerie ; 
chancery, LiDG. M. p. 104. 

chandeler, see oandeler. 

Chanel, see oaaeL 

change, sb., O.Fr. change ; change', chaunge 
REL. 1. 268 ; chonge ayenb. 104. 

changeable, adj., changeable,TKEy. II. 201 ; 
PR. a 1473. 

changen, v., O.Fr. changier ; change ; chaun- 
geixA.R.6; H.M.7; chaongi Horn (L.) 1052; 
change)>(/r^x.) TREAT. 139; ohanged0(/r^/.) 
Marh. 3; LA3. 3791*. 

dhanglnge, sb., change; pen. ps. 38; 
chaunginge A. R. 6 ; Trey. II. 201. 

ohangeonr, sb., Fr. changeur ; changer, REL. 
I. 7 ; chaungerls {pi.) WiCL. Mat. xxi. 12*. 

chanonn, see oanonie. 

ohantable, adj., worthy to be sung, Wicl. ps. 
cxviii. 54. 

chanten, v., Fr. chanter ; chant ; dhaunte|> 
{pres.) Ch. C. t. A 3367. 

ohantement, sb., enchantment, Rob. 243 ; b. 
DISC 1900; Will. 653. 

ohanterie, sb., O.Fr. chanterie; chantry, 
chaunterie Ch. C. t.A 51a 

ohantur, sb., O.Fr. chanteur ; chanter ; chaun- 
tur s. A. l. 60 ; chauntour Trey. II. 349. 

chape, su cape. 

chapelein, sb., O.Fr. chapelain; chaplain, 
Bek. 961 ; Langl. Cxiv. 127. 

ohapelet, sb., OJ^r. chapelet ; chaplet, PR. P. 
69. 

chapelle, sb., O.Fr. chapelle, chapele; chapel, 
Gaw. 2186 ; chapele Marh. 20 ; Rob. 473 ; 

AYENB. 56. 

chapitle, sb., (7.i^r.capitle,chapitre; cheater; 
summary, p. s. 254; ayenb. 220; capitle, 
chapitle PR. P. 61 ; capitle WicL. Heb. viii. 
I ; chapitre P. l. s. xvii. 435 ; CH. astr. ii. 
9 (22) ; dheapitree {pi.) A. R. 14 ; chapitles 
p. s. 332 ; capiteles ayenb. 43. 

ohapltel-, dhapitre-hous; sb., chapter- 
house, Langl. Bv. 174. 

ohappen, v., •■ M.Du. kappen ; split, chap 
(the hands) ; ohappid (P^le.) Rich. 4550; 
TOWNL.98. 



iia char. 

char, chare, see ovra. 
oharbnale, lee oarlnmala. 
ohSP^ole, sb., charcoal, 'earho! pr. ?. 69; 
Gaw. S75. 



Oharge, sb., OJ^r. charge, carchc; thargt, 

A.R.140; RoB,4i6; churge, charche Trev. 

VII. 405; cbarche E. G. 358 ; ohargM (//.) 

Hamd. 303. 
ohRrgeaimt, adj., O.Fr. churgeant ; burdtn- 

iomt, Ch. C. t. /69J. 
Ohorgeaiu, adL bttrdtmomt, CM. C. t. ed. 

Morris, p. 160 (jS3433 has chsTgeant) ; WiCL. 

a Cor. XI. 9; charjoug WiCL. prov. uvii. 3, 
ohargeoor, sb., charger (large ^'^)t H. R. 

136; L. cc 31 ; B. R 143. 
Ohargin, v., O.Fr. chargier, cardiier, carquter; 

charge, PR. p. 69; ohturge)} (firts.) ayenr 

97; olurgede (prel.) Brd. ii; charged 

[Mle.) PR. C 3949; chai^^, karked c. u. 

8I53 ; icbarged a. r. 304; icarlced aybnb. 138. 
oliarien, see carian. 
obarieter, sb., charioteer, WiCL. 3 kings xxii. 

34; 4 KINGS ii. 13. 
Ohir^ adj., O.E. cearig, — O.H.G. charag, 

{/ mod^Eng. cha^) ; from oAre ; sad, sorrow- 

fitl: tunle lede> charij lif Oru. 1374. 
oluriot, sb., Fr. chariot ; chariot, TRBV. Ill, 

391. 
oliaritable, adj., Fr. charitable; charitabU, 

Ch. C. T. a 143. 
oliBritd, set oftrlUd. 

oliuitoaB, adj., fitU of charity, Gow. 1. 173. 
charldn, oherkdn, v., O.E. cearcian (I- 

cradan) ; creak, ' stride,' ph. p. 70, 76 ; 

charke Gow. II. 103 ; Wicl. Amos ii. 13. 
oharme, sb., O.Fr. charme ; charm, Lancl. 

B xiii. 343 1 obarmM {pi.) ayenb. 43. 
OhRrmin, v., O.Fr. charmer ; charm, ' incan- 

to, fascitio' PR. p, 70. 
ehannan, sb., charmer, aybnb. 357. 
otmnnaMMa, sb., enchantress, witch, 

AYENB. 19; otauiiwrMMa (pi.) Ch. h. f. 



1361. 

obanoloE, sb., enchantment, Alis. 404. 
obamel, sb., OJ^r. camel; charnel-house, 

Langl. B\\.6o. 
otkarre, see obaen. 
ohBirei, sb., O.Fr. carrei, charei ; vehicles, 

carriages, Alis. 5096. 
ohartre, sb,, O.Fr. chartre; charter, Hav. 

676 ; Langl. B xi. 12a ; cartre ROR 77. 
obartre, sb., OJ^r. chartre; prison, gen. & 

EX. 3043. 
ohaate, adj., O.Fr. chaste ; chaste, A. R. 368 : 

Hav. a88. 
ohaat-bSd, sb., chastity, CEN. & ex. soaa ; 

chastbede avenb. 33a 



obaTdl. 



-UolLfl, adv., chastely, ATBMB. 239. 
ohttsteiiie, aheat6ln(e), sb., OJ''r. chB>- 

taigDe ; chtsnut, Ch. C. t. A iffii ; cbetteiDe 

PR. P. 73 ; ohMMnM (pL) Mand. 307. 
kasMn-troa, sb., chestnut tree, WicL. Is. 

zliv. 14. 
ohasteU, sb., O.Fr. chaitet^; chastity, k.^ 

6; AVENB. 159; chastite misc. 337, 
ohastienieBt, sb., O.Fr. chastiemcnt ; chap- 

tistwuni, A. R. 79 ; cbastiaement ayenb. 17. 
OhMtlen, v., O.Fr. chastier, from Lot. outi- 

gare ; chasten, chasUst, Rel. I. 131 (uoH. II. 

11); chasten A. R. a t8; chastieLEC. 16; chasd 

Rob. 438 ; AYENB. 8 ; PR. c. 3549 ; chasten, 

chastijea (? chastiien), chastisen Lancl.^ v. 

34; chastiziQ ?R. p. 70; oluMta^ (prtsi) 

AYENB. 17; outMd* (pret^ HOU. II. 137; 

chastised Will. 54. 
ohaatlngft, sb., chastisement, AYENB. 68; 

LAHGL.^iv. 117. 
obMtlainga, sb., chastisiiw, PR. P. 70; GQw, 

II. 44; WlCL. LEV. xxvi. i£ 



ohMor, see ohaoaour. 

ohBt, sb., Fr. chat ; caiii» : ^ ohattaa (pL) ot 

hasele Hand. 168. 
ohatel, see Mtel. 

ohatera, sb., chatter [dai.), O. ft H. 384. 
oliatoTin, v., chatter, 'garria,' PR. P. 70; 

cheatereo a. R. 153 ; chatre LlDG. H. P. 150; 

ohAtarwt (pres.) o. & N. 333 ; cheterc^ Trev. 

1.339; ohftter* (subj.) Langl. CxviL te; 

chatie Langl. B xiv. aa6 ; ohaterlns (ppU.) 

H. s. 359. 

ohatarar, ib., chatterer, Cath. 6a 
ohatwMtra, sb., (fimale) chatttrer, 0. & H. 

655. 
ohatarlnsa [ohataring], sb., chattering, O. 

& N. 576, 744. 
ohaiul, adj., OJ^'r. chaud; hot, Lahgl. BvL 

313- 

oti&nnoelrie, see ohuioeleria. 
Ohannoerie, see ohanoarla. 
obaiifen,v., a/>. chaufer; chafe, make warm, 

become warm, ANT. ArtH. xxxv ; cfaauft 

Parten. 334 ; chaffin ' calefado ' PR. P. 68 ; 

ohaufad (ppU.) WiCL. Is. xLv. 15. 
ohaofUr, sb., chafcr, E. W. loi ; chafur 46 ; 

ehafour ' cale/actorium ' PR. P. 68 ; w. & 1. 33. 
ohanl, ohaulen, see ohaval, ohavalan. 
Ohsvol, sb., O.E. ceafl, \~O.L.G. kafal (dot. 

pi. kaflun), M.L.C. kavel j mod.Eng. iov\,/or 

chowl ; jaw, Trist. 1468 ; chavil Iw. 1991 ; 

chaul Alis.' 1119; Wicl. i KINGS xvii. 35; 

chewil ' mandibulum ' voc 1 87 ; ohoula (dot.) 

AuD. 77 ; chole PL. CR. 334 ; ben chin him of 

swiple mid alle )>an cbeveie Laj. 36056; 

chnflaa [choules] (pi.) Laj. 6507 ; chavelei 

REL. I. 3ao; chavelis [chaulisj C. H. 7510; 

cbaules Map 338. 



oh&TeL 

«a>*Tll-bSn.ohMUMii,Bb.,>i«'A0W; 'ma»- 

tUMa,' PR. P. 70 ; chavilbon LUD. Cov. 37. 
OliATeleii, v., ^ £.|j>r. kavelen, ZTk. kevelen , 

ekatter; chaule P. s. 340; ohsflelt, cheoflcK 

{pm.) A. R. 70, 138. 
ali»T«llnBa, sb., ckatttring, gahblt: mid 

chav]ing{e) and mid chatcre O. &■ H. 384 j 

dxvelunge A. K. 100. 
oheafiBr, sb., OJE. txaica," M.Du. kever> 

0.//il?.chevar,kever; cockchafer; ohMflbim 

{^.j ['scaraiaeil TbBV. II. an. 
ahiwJUi, th.,Jrom ohftveleo ; t chatltr,gabiU, 

A. R. 73. 
Obtake, ib^ O.^. rface, ceoce, = O.^w. 

tnake, nake, ^X.C. keke, kakc, J/.ite. c&ke 

X, Swed. kek »i, (fA«*,/an') ; c/uek, aVENB. 

348; bis overc cbeoke Marc. 159; cbeke 

*mtUa,gtna' PR. P. 73; ' gtna' VOC. 185; 

•/«« ' 145 : ['MAnV/oM'] WiCL. JUDG. XV. is ; 

SPCC 34; Gow. II. 14; cboke I. H. R. 3i8; 

ff^^^f^V^« (//.) A. R. 70 ; chekes LaNGL. A iv. 

37 ; chekes, cbeekes CH. C. T, A 633 ; chekes, 

chokes Man. (F.) 1820 ; oli«k«ii {dot. pi.) 

HOM. n. 73i AN. LIT. II. 

ob&k-bfin, sb., O.E. ceacb^; cheek-bone, 
Fer. 5650; cbeekboon [' maxiUoM'] WiCL. 
JUDG. XV. 15 : chekebon PR. p. 7a. 
oheanoB, sb., OJ^'r. cheance; ekance, Rob. 14; 
ch«aunce Shor. 60 ; chaunce PR. C. 3768 ; 
god jevc ^ good chaunce CH. C. T. G 593. 
ebfep, sb., O.E. c&ip, cfp, c/. dX.G. cSp, 
OJ^rii. kap M., OJV. kaup a., O.H.G. chouf 
m.\ moiLErtg,(iiKa.p; purchase, bargatn: hire 
dieap wes>e w(u)ne Lai. 385 ; no mihtesl )>u 
^h nen(ii)e chep finde neouwer na bred 
31799 ; deote cheap hefdcs tu on me kou. I. 
tSt ; $0 liht cheap A. R, 398 ; beg^ as guod 
cheap ase me mai avenb. 44 ; ^ is )ie wud- 
deilukeste chep [bargain) ^[ eni moa elre 
fiinde HOU. I. 163; cheep 'pretium' PR. p. 
73; god chep of com p. S. 341 ; good chep 
^fi0tt marehi)iiititinCavi.ll,l(xi; light chep 
TOWMI- I03 ; gret chep {gratid mar<hft CH. 
C. T. D 533 ; ManD. 308 ; bien gret chep {far 
godchep)WiCL.E.w. 185; indiepe'wAw* 
Trev. VIII. 319- 

ohftap-fkre, sb., mod.Eng. chAfier ; titer- 
skandiie, trade, avenb. 36 ; chefTare A. R. 
310; HISC 40; Hav. 1657; P. L. s. xxi. 67 ; 
chaffsre c L. tiia; Langu A VViOL. 31; 
^ negotiatio'^ WiCL. Is. xxiii. 3. 

eUp-fkrl, v., ehafftr, trade, AYENB. 163; 
cbadhre Ch. C. t. £139. 

oUtp-num, sb., O.E, ciap-, cCp-, c^pman, 
* O.H.G. chouiinan ; cht^man, merchant, 
A.R.3a8; chep-, chapmonL^. 30681,30690; 
chapmon 0> ft N. IS75 ; cbapman 'm<r£a/0r' 
PR.P. 69; CH. C.T..>4 397; <ih*pmaii(^.) 
L^ 1 1356 ; chepmen r. s. vii ; chep-, chap- 

.39,76; chapme- " ' - 

m) Orm. 15783. 



ohdckin. 



113 



ohipnun-had, sb., ' meraUus,' PR. p. 69 ; 
chapmanbode CH. C. T. S 143. 

olifop-HAmel. sb., O.E. ceapsceamul ; 
counter, ' telotteum,' LK. v. 37. 
ahAapieiit v., O.E. ceapian, — (7.Z.C7. cdpon, 
OJ^rij. kapia, O.N. kaupa, Goik. kaupfin, O. 
H.G. chaufan, cbouf&n ; purchase, buy : wit 
chatel mon mai luve cheape hom. 1. 371 ; 
ch(e)api [cbepin] .. .& sullen Jul. 63 ; chepen 
GAW.1271; chepin'A'flVfl/-'pR.p.7ai chepe 
Ch. C. t. D 268 ; ohSpe (pres.) P. s. 1^9; hwon 
he vor so liht wur)S . . . cbeape% ^ine soule 
A. R. 290 ; heo cheapen (selli) hire soule \t 
chepmon of belle 418; ohsped* {^et.) 
OCTov, (W.) 389; cheped Langl. Bxiii. 
380; cheapeden Mat. xxi. 13; cf. chSpan 
lux/ooupen. 

ohftaplld, iAi.,fond ef bargaining, A. R. 41S. 

ah§piiige,sb.,f}~£.c£ping,cCaping,cfiapung; 
attofbuyingi markets ^farum; HoU. II.311; 
La]. 33413 ; Will. 1833 ; Langl. A'w 



aUpliig-b«t>«, gb., market-booth, Okm. 

'5573- 
ohBpelnK-toiui, sb., market town. Ah. Sl 

AuiL. 1700, 1816. 
ch6aBte, sb., O.E. ciast, cf. O.Fris. kSse, 

OJf.G, kSsa; dispute, contention, strife i ^ 

vormest(e) is cheaste o%er strif A. R. 300; 

cheast hou. II. 163; cheaste, cbiaste ayenb. 

65, 67; cheste hom. I. in; Shor. 113; 

OCTOV, (W,) 754 ; ^eos cbeste o. & n. 177 ; 

cheste and sake 1 1 60; wibouten cheste Rich. 

5143; s.s.(Wr.)i638; ciiee«teLAMCL.£xiii. 

109 ; strif and cheste [cheestej Ch. C. T. / 

556; cbost P. S. 151 ; MIRC338. 
obeo, jMobak. 
oliAf, sb. & adjT O.Fr.chc^ chief; chief, Rob. 

74,313; Man.(F.)94oj chief Bek. 1003. 
ohlsf-olU, sb., chief city, P. L. S. xiii. 43. 
olieof-m«te, sb., / chief meaf, Langl. A vii. 

381. 
ohtf-iQwftrd, sb., chief sieward,'WlLL. 3841 . 
Ohe^ see obafl 

ohdfibn, set eliSkpflSTs, tmJer ohtap. 
oheine, see chttine. oheiflU, see obolMl. 
ohek, sb., O.Fr. escbec ; check, PR. p. 71 ; ohak 

mat Aeck mate s. A. L. 313 ; Ch. TrO. ii. 

754 ; ohekkei (pi.) defeats Trev. HI. 331 ; 

chM \O.Fr. eschecs] chess, Ch. d. Bl. 619 ; 

plaie ate ches ayenb. 53. 

ihike, see ohtake. 
ohdkeftil, -lew, see under ohtoks. 
oheker, v., <7.^r.eschekier; chess-board; ex- 
chequer; AYENB.45; esd]ekerFL.&BL.345; 

esscbeker [v.r. cheket] Langl. A iv. 36. 
oliekered, adj., checkered, pr, p. 73. 

ihwkkin, v., check, pr. p. 73 ; olukc {prts.) 

Lamgl. Cxii. 387. 



IM 



oh^da. 



r« Ulds. bhele, see ohttole. 

ohele, lb., (?.£. cele, dele,cyle,dle»i.y cold, 
cooltuis, Hou. I. 33; La}. 30811; Orh. 
1615; UISC73; Rob. 7; spec no; ayemb. 
75; P.S.3S6; Gow. n, 369; Lancl. ^i. 
33; TREV. I, 135; now?er heate ne chele 
KatH. 1701 ; in )« nor)»Iuilf . . . no man ne 
wone^ Tor cbele treat. 137 ; chele, chule, 
P. L. S. viii. too, 118 ; chile Brd. 3. 

Iflielle, sb., O.E. cille, cyMt,-O.H.G. cbella ; 
censer, hom. I. 193. 

ehemeni, ohimenes, sb., O.Fr. cheminee ; 
chimHey,Jitmact, Ck. C. t. A 3776 ; chimenee 
Lancl. (Wr.) 5803; chimnei WiCL. Mat. 
xiU.43. 

chemise, sb., O.Fr. chemise ; cktmise, vxu 
1. 139 (HOU. II. 163). 

0I161IO, se£ (dtlno. 

[0h6olEe-| ah6ke>, stem ofabAoktai^ 
abika-, cdi6kefiil, adj., cKeke-JvU, d. Arth. 
iSSa. 3604. 

cliAke,-ob6k«-l«w,adj.,a^//i7 Aoi»: stelthe 
is medtd with a chekkw [v. r. chcdcelew, 
chekelew] bane Haluw. 343. 

0li6(dwn^ v., chekg; cbekin 'swffoco' PR. P. 
73 { cheke u. s. 3192 ; ah6ke (pres. suij.) 
ToWNL. 91 ; cdiAkada (/»/.) Trev. IV. 139; 
ami/, a-ehtekan. 

olieole,8b., OS. <xo\t,-MJ>u. kcle, O.H.G. 
chela ; throat : martres cheole p. L. S. viii. tSa ; 
berte him ... on ^ chel(e) Fer. 3194, 

olieorl. sb., O.E. ceorl, — Ger. kerl, mod. 
Eng. churl ; Juubattdttuat, rustic, churl, 
fclMw, FRAG. 3 ; La}. 4360 ; uisc. 108 ; )>ene 
cbeorl A. R. 86 ; dipc ^nne cbeorl (husbemd) 
John iv. 16; cherl ['nuAwf'] WiCL. WlSD. 
xvii. 16; Orm. 14788; gen. & EX. 3715; 
AYKNB. 76 ; Alis. 5598 ; Will. 4 ; Iw. 368 ; 
Ch. C. t. ZJaiSa; ^ ched is def SPEC, iii; 
■ gret cberl Langl. A v. 304 ; cherl, chorl 
PL.CR.33i ; cborl LiDG. H. P. 183; ohaorlM 
[chorles], cherles (gen.) o. & N. 512, 1494; 
obeorlM (//.) John iv. 18 ; |» eorles & te 
sweines & ^ cheorlea Laj. 11904; chorles 
A. P. ii. 1358; chcrlts ['servi'l Trev. III. 
415; bine cherles ^ne bine HA v. 630; 
obaor]«n (dai.pt.) LAj. 31536 ; cf. oarL 
flliarl-lloli, adj., belonging to a husbandman 
or rustic; cherl(l)lche travel Wux. BCCLUS. 



ohSoeen. v., 0£. ceosao,- XC. kiosan, 
kiesan, keosan, O.N. kiosa, O.Fris, kiasa, 
tiiesa, Ceth. kiusan, OM.C, cbiusan, chiosan ; 
choose, distinguish, Laj. 15 147; Kath. 1894; 
A. R. 343: SPEC 63; cheose o. & N. 1343; 
Horn (R.) 666 ; Alis. 1659 ; chiesen hou. 
I. 319; chiese ayenb. 86; cesen Sax. chr. 
350; cheaen Oru. 9318 ; GBN. & BX. 3439 ; 
H. T. 93 i ^t men roouthe ... a peni cbesea 



(tSscem) Hav. 3147 ; dvain PK. P. 73 ; cbese 
Langl. J xv. 38 ; fr. c 79 ; Cbailea bet 
Richard chuse bis knijtes Fer. 4367 ; 
ohfioeeS (^"■) ■>■ **• 3^; chiest ayenb. 
136 ; chest Shor. 109 ; ^) chiese^ AYEM& 
45 ; oliAoa (imperat.) A. R. loa ; ches [chees] 
Ch. C. t. .^ 159c; chus Marg. 103 ; ohSaa 
(pret.) John vi. 70; h. M. 15 ; ayenb. 77 ; 
ctuesLAj. 13175; Oru. 3541 ; ches Mand> 
3; PR. a 3133; Perc 1207; Auad. (R.) 
xlvi ; and his weig ¥t^!en ches {toot) GEN. & 
EX. 3736 ; such strengbe he him y> dies C. L. 
1317; chalkwhit(e) ^imnees ^ ches (dKi- 
£«rMfi^ he inow Gaw. 79B ; chees Wicx. John 
XT. 16; Ch. C. t. £3148; f>u obnre MARH. 
19; (heo) curen [chosen] Laj. 6889; cusen 
SAXCHR.350; chosen GEN. & EX. 543 ; Hav. 
373 ; Langl. A prol. 3 1 ; Mand. 335 ; chose 
BEX. 1986 ; S. A. L. 5 ; o6ran (pplt.) Laj. 
16358 ; koren Bev. 77° ; com Au. & AuiL. 
1431; core Ed. 4317; com, chosen PS. xvii. 
37 ; coscn Sax. chr. 350 ; chosen Orh. 
9633 ; Mand. 325 ; cvw/. jo-ohteaan; dtriv. 
ooat, o&ra, oOata, obSw. 
otateaara, ab^ chooser ; ofaAoaera, chEser< 
(//.) Trbv. V. 309. 
eh l ia r Bwa, ib., (fimale) dutostr, WiCL. 
wiSD. viiL 4. 

ohBannga, ib., choosing, HOU. II. 19; diie* 
linge AYENB. 43. 

olidoweo,v., 0.£',ceowan {pTtt.tti.v),—O.H. 
G. chiuwan {prtt. chou), O.N. ty^gva, tyggja 
(/f«/.ttigg); cluw,eai,dtuour\ chieweAVXMB. 
Ill; chewen {ms. chewwenn) Oru. 1241; 
cbewe HOU. II. 183 ; upon )ie bridel chewe 
Gow. I. 334 ; late hem chewe as )iei chose 
LANGL.fxviii.199; al bat tu ohaowaat (/r«f .) 
H. H. 35 ; cheowe)!, cbeouweS A. R. 8<^ 84 ; 
chit te Sl cbeoweV {printed cheopeC) ^ H. U. 
31; chewe^ Ch. C. T. y4 3690 ; chewi^code 
WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 6 ; bestcs ^t chewen not 
her code Mand. 30 ; ofafiwa {suSj.) MiRC 355 ; 
comp. to-oliteiran ; deriv. ohtn. 
olifiwlnca, sb., chewing, pr. p. 74 ; ayenb. 
lit. 

Ohdp, see oliSap. 

oliSpen, v.| O.E. c^pan, cypan ; sell ; ohfiptaa 
(Pret.) Mk. xi. 15. 

oher, sb, O.E. cerr, cierr, cttt m- cf. O.H.G. 
cher M., cheta/, Ml^G. kcre/, modSmg. 
chare (turn of vorh) ; turn, act of turning; 
occasion, time J piece of work, job; onecherre 
A. R. 314 ; sum cbeaire Jul. 41 ; don a char 
p. s. 341 ; oharra (dot.) Bev. 3461 j at >a(n) 
latere chcrre La;. 8356 ; makedenhme^dda 
chane (for the third time) king 6844 ; et one 
cherre A. R. 334 ; at ane chere h. h. 33 ; ^ 
him de% . . . wiken & cherraa (pi.) HOU. I. 
137 ; chanes GAw, 1674 ; charis Townl. io6| 
comp. }ain-ahar. 

ohdr, adj., OJ^r. cher, chier; dear: a nuMt 
cbeerc hmde WiCL. Prov. v. 19. 



ohdr. 



eharoha, su oMrwha. 

ohAre, ab., OJ^r. chere, cbiere, mod.Eng. 

cheer ; eounUnatut, Marh. 3 ; MISC. 40 ; 

Bu>.6; PR.&1636; cheere '!«//«*' PR. P. 

73 ; nutkien him glede chere A. R. 190 ; wi^ 

tut a merie chere [cheeie] Ch. C. T. A S57 ; 

cbiere ayenb. 155. 
cheri, lb., OJ^r. cerise, tai. ceruum ; ek*tiy, 

PR. F. 7a ; ohlriM {fit.) Langl. v4 vi. 296. 

ohwrl-fUm, sb., chtriyfair, Gow. 1. 19; 

LiDG. M. P. 331. 
obart-atfin, sb., thtrry-stont, PR. P. 71. 
ohart-tinta, ab., eherry-Umt, Langl. B\. 

i6t. 
oliarf-tn,sb.,ir.(«n7-J>»f,voci8i; chiritree 

Pall. iiL 1 147. 
OUriii,v., O.Fr. cherer; chttr, 'kilaro,' pr. 

P. 73 ; ohirld ifipie.) WiCL. Ruth iiL 7. 
fOuriMan, v^ ^r.. cherir ; cMerisk ; chersin 

PR- P. 73 ; ohariMilu [cherine] {imfitr.) Ch. 

C T. £1388; oharlMlwd {ppU.) A. P. ii. 

543- 
oboriasfnc, sb., thtrisking, LAHOL. Cv. 

Its ; cheristhinge pall. x. 34. 
Ohisrl, j« (dMOEl. 
oliatm, se* diuce. 
obwren, v., O.E. cerran, cirran,— (7.Z.^. 

keran, O.Fria. kera, O.H.G, chemn (j)r«/. 

cberta); htm; chearre TUL. 33; chaire MAP 

348 ; wilS wives and chUdre SeSeo charen 

CEN. & KX. 1712; chare H. s. 3o6i; chuin 

A wai turn away PR. P. 70 ; LUD. Cov. 325 ; 

alum ifirts.) Gaw. 1678; hwao tc ^en 

chem HOH. I. 79; churre^ rel. I. 17a; 

char (tff9)«r.)mefrom suaneHOM. I.3IS; ne 

cherre he ongean MK.xiii. 16 ; chearren Kath. 

3361 ; oherd« (pnt:) o. & n. 165B ; cherde, 

chserde, charde L^ 7334, 38744, 31354; 

dterden [charden] . . . s^in Marh. 3 ; 

cbirden {mt. chyrden) Lk. jxiii. 56 ; chaide 

A. r. i. 607 ; comfi. U-, je-ohamn. 
flaiarTeUe,sb., 0.£.ceTiilk;,f/JfX.(;.keTTele, 

O.H.G. diervola; front Lot. caerefalium: 

ditrvil, PR. P. 73 ; ohsrrsles [chervelles] 

(^.) Langl. £vi. 396. 
oltarwin, v., ' torqute} fr. p. 73. 

oharTliiffe, sb., ' torcto^ pr. p. 73. 
Ohw, jwobak. 
oUm, sb., O.E. ceie, ti^ViiJrom Lot. caseus ; 

£*/«<, Hav, 643; MAMD.373; E.G.3S6; he 

hindm uppon ^ swike chese & bret hine 

BOM. L 53; chese [chise] Trev. L 405. 
ohMa-boUe^ sb., pofifiy, 'papavtr^ fr. p. 

73 ; chesbolle voc 190. 

~ t, sb., O.E. c^sefiet ; cMttMt-vat, VOC 



I, sb., chMM-eakt, pr. p. 73. 
allfc-liy, sb., ektat-basktt, voc. 333. 



ohevesa. 115 

dias-llppe, sb., O^E. cyilybb, 1—M.H.G. 

kxseluppe ; rtntut, voc sos. 
dheMl, su ohlML ohfiMO, stt obtoaan. 
ohemble, sb., O.Fr. cbesuble, chasuble; 

ekasMiU, PR. P. 73 ; ohaslblM {fit.) LANGL. 

Bv'l. 13. 

dhes&iit sb-) ./^ ftohMfia; ^^mj/, aceounl, 
S. S. (Wr.) 680 ; chesoun Alis. 3930, 
oheste, M( fihlato. ohfiete, j« oliaMta. 



ohMtre, sb., O.E. ceaster, £«/. castmm ; city, 
forH/iai town, 'civitas,' frag. 4; Mat. v, 

35 ; Oru. 8479 ; CbMtn ChesUr P. U S. xiii. 

37. 
ohete, sb., O.E. cete, cyte; tctU\ hende as 

hake in chete spsc 31. 
ohfite, sb., for eaoUt* \ cwfiscatton, PR. P. 



dhatel, i«» <Mt«L 



ubAtal, sb., O.E. cetel, cyteL aU^—O.Fris. 
ketd, sietel, tsetel, CKN. ketill, O./^'.^ chetiL 
C^ffM. katils ; ktlth, ' cacabtu,' frag. 4 ; ] UL.* 



54; chetil w. & I. 33; ketil, chetit pr. p. 

373; ketel 'lebes' PS. cvii 10; diotalei 

[ketels] (,fil.) WiCL. LKV. xi. 35. 
ketal-hat, sb., helmet, 'fitlUris,' PR. P. 373; 

ketiUe-hatte u. Arth. 3si6; kataUe-hatoa 

(itf.) 3993- 
lUten, v., / O.A^. k£ta ; amtole, ihetr : hi hit 

c^im (A«J>) & blissiC hom. L 333. 
ohfitingei sb., for Mohitliiga; uduating, 

' amfiscado^ PR. P. 73. 
oliStour, sb.,/>r «soh6toiur, O.^r. eschetour ; 

ischtator, ' confiscatory PR. P. 73. 
ohAtSeo, w< obtffia. 
dlidn, sb., from obtewaa ; act of Atwing : 

wunnene cheu HOU. II. tai ; cliest & chew 

{printed cticp) HOU. II. 13 ; cim^. ;tt-dh§u. 
oheraobie, sb., O.Fi: c^evauchie ; txfitdition 

on horitback ; cbenache Ch. COHPL. M. 144 ; 

chivachie CH. C. t. A 8$. 
ohevoler, sb., OJ^r. chevaln; cMtvalitr; 

chivaler Langl. if xviii. 99. 
oheralerie, O.Fr. chevalerie ; duvairy, CHR. 

E. 335 ; chevabie [chivohie] Ch. C. t. A 45. 
oheralroiu, adj., OJ^r. chevakreus ; ckival- 

D. Arth. 3604. 
ohevBUnoe, sb., OJ^r. chevasce ; gain,prefii, 

Gow. ILarS- 
ohevel, stt ohavd. 
Bhdven, v., OJ'r. chevir; attain an tnd, 

succeed; ha^tn; be tubjea \ cheeven I.ANGL. 

A FROL. 31 ; cheve Bek. 856; ebAra {pivs. 

stiij.) Degr. 4^5 ; see ohsrlaa. 
aheveBule, sb., £?./^r.-chcve9aiUe; ntetlaet, 

R. R. 1081. 
chevew, sb., O.E. cefes, cyfes, cyfese, — O.H.G. 

chebisa, chebis ; concuHne^ Marh. 3 ; chevese, 

chivese LA3. 384, 6356. 



1 % 



ii6 



ohevese. 



ohimbe. 



6heve8*bor«ii, adj., bom of a concubine, 

Laj. 4334- 
chevetain, sb., OJ*'r> chevetain; chieftain, 

Shor. 112; Man. (F.) 9779 ; chevetein B&K. 

251 ; Will. 3379; see oapitain. 
oheviaey v., O, Fr, cheviss-, chevir, see ohe- 

ven ; procure, obtain; succeed; help, profit ; 

Ch. compl. M. 289 ; chevisin ^provideo * PR. 

p. 74; ohewise (imper,) D. Artu. 1750; 

oheveaed (pple,) Alex.' (Sk.) 966. 
oheyiasanoe, sb., O.Fr, chevissance ; agree' 

rnent, bargain, Ch. C. T. ^ 1519. 

ohew, chdwen, see ohdu, ohdowen. 
ohibolle* sb., OJ^r. ciboulle; small onion, 
PR. P. 74 ; ohibollea (//.) Langl. ^ vi. 296. 

ohiohe^ sb., O.Fr, chiche, Lat, cicer {fmod. 
Eng. chick-pease) ; vetch. Pall. iv. 57 ; 
ohiohla (//.) WiCL. 2 KINGS xvii. 28. 

ohiohey adj., O.Fr. chiche ; parsimonious, R. R. 
5588; A. P. i. 604. 

Chiohestre,pr. n., 0,E, Ciceaster; Chichester, 
Rob. 2 ; Cicestre misc 145. 
oMde, sb., O.E, (ge)cld ; contention. Map 342. 

ohiden, v., 0.E, cidan ; chicle, contend, La^. 
8149; GEN. & EX. 2722 ; to chiden agen oni 
scold REL. 1. 183; chidan HOM. I. 113; chidin 
*contendo* PR. P. 74; chide O. & N. 287; 
ayenb. 67 ; Langl. ^ iv. 39 ; p. 51 ; ohist 
(Pres.) )>u . . . me chist o. & N. 1331 ; chide% 
A. R. 198; chide¥, chit H. M. 31, 39; chit 
. . . wi)$ gode HOM. I. 103 ; chid o. & N. 
1533; ohidda (pret.) o. & N. 112; ROB. 
390 ; Ch. C. T. ^ 3999 ; ]>is holi man him 
chidde P. L. S. xvii. 414; chidden ^litigabcmt^ 
WiCL. John vi. 53; gen. & ex. 1927; hi 
chidde Bek. 1910; ohidde (pple) Ar. & 
Mer. 7237. 

ohidere, sb., chider; chidar PR. P. 74; 
ohideres (pL) Langl. ^xvi. 43. 

chideresae, sb., chider (/em.), R. R. 1 50, 4265. 
ohideatere, sb,,chider(/em,),CH. Ct.Ei 535. 
ehidinge, sb., O.E, cidung ; chiding, ayenb. 
30; Trey. IL 97. 

ohiere^ see ohSre. ohiofleiiy see ohSosen. 

Ohiken, sb., 0,E, cicen, ciccen Mat. xxiii. 37*, 
cycen yoc 63, cf» M,L,G. kiiken, kuken; 
chicken, *'pullusi frag. 3; chckin PR. p. 
74 ; ohlkene (^/.) Mat. xxiii. 37 ; leb. Jes. 
439 ; chikehes [chiknes] Ch. C. T. ^ 380. 
ohione-ZQete, sb., O.E, cicena mete ; / chick- 
weed^ FRAG. 3 ; chikne mete REL. L 37. 
ohekin-wid, sb., chickweed, pr. p. 74. 
ohikkin» v., f produce chickens; ^pullulo,' 

PR. P. 74. 

ohiloe, see ohildae. 

Ohild, sb., O.E. cM,^O.L.G., O.Fris. kind, 
O.H.G. chind, chint ; child, Mat. ii. 9 ; hom. 
\. 37; LA3. 295; \idX child O. & N. 1463; 
Rob. 10; )>et child ayenb. 84; \?x worbi 
child Will. 541 ; ohildes (jgen.) Orm. 8056 ; 



it is no childes plei Ch. C. t. E 1530 ; cddlda 
(dat.) QEN. & EX. 966; \iex hvile \eX. hi 
is mid childe (pregnant) AYENB. 224; wib 
childe gon SPEC 82; child (pL) Mat. xxl 
15; childre HOM. L 73; La). 5317; Orm. 
8005 ; GEN. & EX. 715 ; Alis. 4638 ; PL. CR. 
7;6; Tor. 2643; childere LUD. Cov. 30; 
childre, chrldren HOM. IL 17, 19; O. & N. 
631; children HOM. L 7; A. R. 334; Bek. 
24; Mand. 249; ohildre (gen, pi.) HOM. 
L 7; childrene Laj. 15563; A. R. 422; 
childrene, children Hay. 449 ; (ms, chyldren) 
Mat. xxi. 16 ; Langl. A iv. 103 ; ehildon, 
childen (dat, pi.) Mat. xiv. 21, xv. 38; 
children LA3. 12992 ; comp, oiUlve»» mddar-i 
st§op-ohild. 

ohild-bed, sb., childbed, HOM. \\, 47; li^ 
... a childbedde ROB. 379. 

ohild-bering, sb., chUd-bearing, WiCL. GEN. 
XXV. 24; 

ohild-gered, adj., childish-mannered, Gaw. 
86. 

dhild-hdde» sb., 0.E, dldhid; childhood^ 
AYENB. 82; ohlldh&de (dat.) Mk. ix. 21; 
Kath. 79 ; childhade Tm^.'-haden) [childhode] 
La^. 20312 ; childhode A. R. 314 ; childhede 
GEN. & EX. 2652 ; Ch. C. t. B 1691. 

childish, adj., O.E. cildisc, cf, 0,H,G, chind- 
isc ; childish, Langl. B xv. 145. 

child-ldOy adj., childless, GEN. & EX. 930; 
childlaes Orm. 2312. 

children-ldSy adj., vdthaut children^ Trey* 
L 183. 

child-li, 9id],,childlike, *pueriUs,*'WiCL. TOB. 
i. 4 ; Gow. IL 228 ; HOCCL. i. 64. 

childin, v., « OJJ.G. chindon ; bring forth 
(children), ^pario,* PR. P. 74; fc s£u . . . 
^n wif an sune childen ORM. 156; child! 
AYENB. 224; childe Aus. 604; ftJinHjH^ 
(pret.) WiCL. GEN., iv. i ; childed Parten. 
1157; childed (pple.) Mand. 133. 
childinge, sb., child-bearing, WiCL. GEN. 
XXV. 24; diilding Alis. 623; Gow. 1. 69; CM. 
1 1059 ; |>urh hire child]>inge [childinge] MISC. 
158, 159. 

ohildsey sb., f puerility, idelnesse and chilce 
p. L. S. viii. 7 (HOM. II. 220 ; 1. 288 ; Misa 58). 

chile, see chele. 

ohilindre, sb., Fr. cylindre ; cylinder, Ch. C. 
T. jff 1396. 

chillin, v., }^Du. killen, M.Du. kUdcn ; chilly 
be cold, PR. P. 75 ; chillande (pple^ D. Arth. 
2965 ; chilled (pret.) a. p. iii. 368. 

chillixigey sb., cf. Du, killing; chilling, 
PR. p. 75 ; Langl. ^vi. 313 (Wr. 4424). 

chimbe, sb., cf. M.L.G., M.Du. kimme ; edge^ 
brink : the streem of lif nou dropped on )»e 
chimbe Ch. C. t. A 3895. 

chimbe, ohimey sb., cymbal, c m. 12193; 
chime PR. P. 75; ohimbee (pL) P^ cL 5; 
Man.(F.) 1 1387. 



Ahlmben. 



., ef. Svml kimba, Dam. Irime; 

Mm* i chimbe Ch. C. t. A 3896 ; chimin PB. 

p. 7S; chime Gow. II. 13. 
nhiwiMTi, v., OJ/. kimbU ; Unti up, btmdU : 

cUmblad (AUr.) over hir blake diio with 

iiiilk([vitt vailes Gaw. 958. 
ohi]iie,M#cibimb«. ohimeneetWtfshMiMiifl. 
ohin, sb., O.E. do, voc. 43, cinn tm. (men- 

htm), ef. MJ..G. kin, kinnc m. n., M.Du. 

kinne, OM. fcinn i^tna), Oeth. kinnus / 

(vttefmuS, O.H.G. chioni «., Lot. gena, (7r. 

yimtf, ; <*«, 'munium,' voa 146, 183, 207 ; 

PR. P. 75 ; MaND. 107 1 t>ane chin La). S14B ; 

6ttianm\diU.)».ou.l.is; 0.&N.96; trkat. 

139; Trkv. 1. 357; swor bi bis chinae La;. 

18704 ; |iet nimf {nne viss bi >e ^rote and bi 

^ ctuiine AVKNB. 50. 
ohiuohe, adj^ / O.Fi'. chinche : ttingy, 'ptr- 

fatxus' PR. p. 75 ; s. s, (Web.) 1244; Hav, 

1763 {the rime requires chiche). 
ohinoharie, sb., 'parcimoma^ pr. p. 75. 
«hinnT>in, v., bt siingx* ' P'Tparceo,' PR. P. 

7S- 
<ailnet lb., O.Fr. eschtne; thine, backbone, 

' spina,' PR. P. 75 ; Aus. 3345 ; d. Artm. 

3390. 
obine,ib., O.E.cm\i,^M.DM.)s.'tDe,inod.Etig. 

chine (»» local nofnei) ;/rom ohinen ■,fitture, 

crack, deft, Parten. 4343 ; chine, chene 

i'jb'd/Kj'] Trev.I. 333^415; Lancl. Cxxi.287; 

chene Pall. i. 450 ; olilnM {pi.) ' la'sntras ' 

WICL. Is. ii. 31 ; chinis BER. 3353 ; chines. 

Vines Man. (F.) 1730, 13976; comp. erS- 



, v., O.E. (to)clnan, = OX.C. kinan, 
60/A.keinan, 0.^.(7. chlnan; split, burst open 
(intrans.) : ^t make^ heorte chinen MISC 73 ; 
chine Fer. 313; Pall. vi. 199; dblneiS [pres.) 
UOU. II. 199; )«t gles ne breke% ne chineC 



ohlw. 



J17 



1. 83 ; Jw com . , . chinethLEB.jES.564 
i/rei.) Alis. 3338 ; de^ hct hert(e) chon ar. 
& Mer. 7764 ; ohined iPple.) L. U. R. 143 ; 



cwnp.to-abinaa; deriv. obin.». 
€ibine,sb.,fO.E.cipp(dtntale); ehip,'assula' 

PR. P. 75 ; ohlppn (pi.) Gow. I. 106; Ch. 

C.T..^3748. 
oblppen. v.,-=^./7». kippen; fchip {with a 

hatchet, fr'c); chippe 'dolare' Cath. 64; 

Haluw. 350. 

(dupploge, sb., chipping, piece, pr. p. 75. 
obireohe, sb., O.E. cirice, cyrice, = OJ..G. 

kirika, kerika, O.N. kirkja, O.H.G. chiiicha, 

fjrom Cr. icupuK^ (tiotXijffKi) ; church ; circc 

Sax. chr. (E.) 363; La). 36140; rel. I. 

139; chirche, churche a. r. z3, 38; o. 8c n. 

608; cbcreche Hisc ^i; cherche ayenb. 7 ; 

Gow. I. 63 ; kirke, chirche LaNCl. B vi. 93, 

A vii. 34; kirke Orm. 3531; Hav. 36; 

eUraohan {pi.) La}. 30971 ; chirchen chr. 

£.933; churcheD Bbk. 1414 ; ow^. bfived- 



ehlrohe-oldtlM, ib., church vestments, a. r. 
420. 

ehlraohB-diura^ sb., ehureh-door, HOM. I. 
73 ; uisc 151 ; klrk«dun, Orm. 1337. 

Urka-flftr, sb., church ^fitwr, Oru. 901 5. 

ohlToh-gAog, sb., churchgcingj churching 
{of women), HOM. II. 47 ; chirchegong GEN. 
& EX. 3465 ; Rob. 380. 

ohlmhe-^sard, sb., churchyard, A. R. 318* ; 
chirchqard LEG. 153; churchjerd BEK.2317; 
kirkegaerd Orm. 15354. 

ohlr«aha-Kri)>, sb., O.f.dric^V; sanctuary 
of the church, LA3. 33333 ; chu-chegiif a. r. 
174- 

ohirohe-hAi, sb., churchyard, 'coemeterium' 
voc 178; Ar.&Mer. 6738; chirchhai MiRC 
330* ; chircbhei e. w. 36 ; ohlrohele {dot.) a. 
r. 318. 

chirofae-hawe, sb., churchyard, s. S. (Web.) 
363s;TREV.V.6s; E-w.Bi ; Ch.C. T./964; 
chircbau E. w, Ba 

ohlrohe-kel, ab., church key, Gow, 1. 10, 13. 

otalrlc=-lond, sb., church-land, La). 14855. 

ahlreb«-rSa^ sb., robbery of churches ; 
chirchereve Ch. C. t. D 1307. 

oblrohe-aonc sb., O.E. cyricsang; ehufch 
song, o. & N. 984. 

ohiroh-aSone, sb., O.E. ciricsScn ; parish, 
HOM. II. 89. 

oheroh-totm. sb., O.E. drictOn; churchyard, 
AYENB. 41. 

ohlrali»-iv«rdein| sb., churchwarden, E. G. 
I4S- 

olilrohe-wooKV sb., church work, hom. 1. 

ohlrotae-wioe, sb., office o/tke church : J« 

landes ^t lien to ^ olroe wioaa (dai.pl.) 

Sax. chr. 363. 
ohirohin, v., church {women), ^purifico^ PR. 

P-75- 
ohiri, see cherL 
ohirkin, v., creak, twitter, ' strideo, sibila,' 

PR. p. 76 ; ohirke|) {pres.] as a sparwe Ch. 

C. T. D 1804 ; see oharkfai. 
ahirUng, sb., screaming, Ch. C. T. A 3004. 
ohirm, sb., O.E. cirm^ cyrni ; noise, shouting ; 

chlrme (dal.) O. & N. 305. 
ohirmeii, v., O.E. cymian, c\rmAa,=' M.Dtt. 

kennen, M.L.G. kermen, kannen ; cry out, 

shout, A. R. 152; ohlrmod (.prel.) PaRTEN. 

878 ; comp. bl-chermen. 
ohipne, sb., = M.Du. kerne ; chum, PR. p. 76 ; 

kime voc. 303. 
chimen, s.,=M.Du. kcmen; chum; chime 

PR. p. 76. 
ohirpen, v., chirp. 

obirpl^S^i ?b., chirping, 'garritus,' PR. P. 

76. 
ohue, tee ohQse. 



ii8 



oliiseL 



oircumstance. 



ohiseU sb., 0,E. dsel, ceos^^Af.Du. kesel^ 
0.//.G. chisili ; peddles, shingle, ^sabulum^ PR. 
p. 76; cheMlis (//.) LUD. Cov. 56; amp. 
sand-ohioeL 

ohiseU sb., OSr. dsel; chisel^ PR. P. 76; 
Shor. 137. 

ohiflte, sb., 0,E. ds^ cyst, cest,-> C?.iVl, OM.G. 
kista, ffrimt Lat dsta ; ch€st, box, ' area stve 
sarcophagus,' Trbv. II. 307; Bkk. 24^8; 
diiste[dieste]CH.C.T.Z?3i7; chtsX^^loculus' 
frag. 3 ; ba cheste Lk. vii. 14 ; ane cheste 
La). 37858; ohiste, kiste (dot,) Hav. 222, 
2018; kisteP£Ra2io9\. 

ohiteren, [ohitrjBii], v., chatter, Ch. C. t. 
G 1397 ; cbitrc Gow. II. 318, 
ohiterince, sb., chittering,1vcBS, II. 159; 
chitering Wicu deut. xviii. 10. 

ohitirling, sb., chitterling, pr. p. 76. 

obitte, sb., cf. JLG. kitte, H.G. kitze ; whelp, 
Uatulus,' voc 177; ohittM (pL) [' catulos'\ 
WiCL. Is.xxxiv. 15. 

ohiyaohdy see oheraohie. 

ohivaleryOhivalrieyX^^ohevalerfOhevalerie. 

obiyelen, v., f shiver, tremble ; his diekes . . . 

^i ohiveled (pret/pi.) for elde Langl. By. 

193 ; iohlveled {ppie.) for dde Cvii. 200. 
ohiverin, v., shiver, quake, pr. p. 76; chiveren 

[chiverin] in ise R. s. v (Misc 177) ; diivere 

& sdiake L. H. R. 144 ; (diivered {pret.) leg. 

165 ; ohererfd (pple.) for diele D. ARTH.3391. 

oho^Oy sb., O.E. ceo ; chough ; choghe Ch. p. 
F. 345; choice ^monedula* voc 177 ; chou^be 
Trev. IV. 307 ; choughe pr. p. 57 ; -ehdjen 
ipi.) P. L. s. xvii. 185; )>e Crowes and the 
cnoughes Mand. 59. 

Ohoia, sb., O.Fr. diois; choice, RoB. 1 11; 
Trev. IV. 385. 

ohoia-liy adv., choicely, Will. 1753^ 
ohdken, see ok^oken. 

oholf sb., t double chin; his chin wi]> a chol 
lollede so greet as a gos ei PL. CR. 444. 

oholdy see oAld. 

chop, sb., blow, knock, dispute ; dhoppes {pi.) 
Langl. Cxi. 275 {A x. 187). 

ohoppen, v., l^M.Du. koppen ; chop, hew, 
strike: ])eiohopp6n (/rif/.)aJie|>ebodimsn:iale 
peces MAND. 201 ; chop (imier.) Langl. A 
lii. 253 ; ohoppid (pple.) D. Arth. 1026. 

ohopplngy sb., striking, fighting, Langu 
B'xiL. 167. 

ohdsty see ohSaste. oho^^e9 see ohdje. 

ohouly see ohavel, 

ehuokeiiy v., chuckle, boast \ he dhukketh 

(Pres.) whan he hath a com ifounde Ch. C. 

T. £ 4372. 

ohuffe, ohoff^, sb., clown, ^rusticus,* pr. p. 77. 
ohuffer, sb., f boaster, Townl. 216. 
ohufOngy sb., f boasting, Orm. 12177. 
Ohullen, v., t drive ; and ohullM (pres^ him 



as men don a balle Haluw. 249; chased to 
daieandohulled(^/f.) ashares D. ARTH.1444. 

ohiirohey^^^ohireohe. ohtirren,x^^oherr«n. 

okfisey adj., / O.E. cys, cIs, from ehgoian ; 
elegant; fond, loving : ^t was chuse [chise] 
of \t childe Alis.' 49 ; gent ich wes ant chis 
REL. I. 123 ; ^ ladi is of lemon chis Aus. 
(Web.) 3294 ; khightis . . • chosin ful dhiae 
(//.) LUD. Cov. 1 8a 
dEda-li, adv., a. p. iL 543. 

ohfisen^ see ehSoaen. 

oioatrioe, sb., Fr. dcatrice; cicatrix^ scar, 
PALL.iii. 51. 

oidatooxiy sb., cf. Span, dclaton ; a sort of gar- 
ment or stuff, HiCKES I. 225 ; Ch. C. t. B 
1924; ischrud mid hwite ddatune HOM. 1. 193. 

oiole, sb., Fr. cycle ; tycle, Trev. V. 377. 

oioonie, sb., stork,^\CL. jER.viii. 7; rikont— 
(pi.) Mand. 4^ 

oider, see aider. 

oimbalOy sb., Lat. cymbalum ; cymhal; sim- 
bale PR. P. 456; crfmbftltB (//.) WiCL. 2 kings 
vi. 5. 

oimenty sb., O.F^. dment ; cement. Pall. i. 

449; siment WiCL. gen. xi. 3. 
oinamomey sb., Fr. dnnamome, Lat. cinna- 

ni5mum ; cinnamon, QvlQ.t. A 3699 ; dna« 

mum PR. P. 7ft. 

oindre, sb., fFr. cendre ; cinder; dndrea (pl.) 
Mand. ioi ; see Binder. 

oink, sb., O.Fr. dnc (five) ; cinque (ports) ; 
sink pors ROB. 515. 
oinoper^ see sinopir. 

oiprea, sb., OF'r. cipres; cypress, ayenr 131 ; 
c M. 1377. 

oipre-tr^sb.,^/r<M'i-/r^^, WiCL. s. Sol. L 13. 

oipres, 1^., fine gauze, Langl. B xv. 224. 

oiroe^ see ohirfwha 

oirouit, sb., circuit, Ch. C. t. A 1887. 

oiroomcndent v., Lai. circumcldere ; drcum- 
cise, WiCL. gen. xvii. 11 ; WiCL. S. W. I. 335. 

oirotundESy pple., Lat. circumclsus ; drcum- 

dsed,Gts. & EX. 999. 

oirotim(^8e, sb., arcumdsion,GES.& ex. 2847. 
oircmmoisey v., circumcise, c. M. 2668; cir- 

oumciaed (ppie.) gen. & ex. 1200. 
oiroumcisingy sb., act of circumcision, C. M. 

2681. 

oirotimoisidn, sb., Lat. drcumcisio, cf Fr. 

drcumcision ; circumcision, HOM. 1. 83 ; GEN.. 

& EX. 901 ; WiCL. Rom. iii. i ; s. w. I. 335 ; 

PR. P. 75,456. 
oiroumferenoe, sb., Lat. drcumferentia, cf. 

Fr. drconfi6rence ; circumference, Gow. III. 

oiroumsoiiyen, v., Lat. circumscribere ; cir- 
cumscribe, Ch. Tro. v. 1877. 

oironxiiBtanoey sb., circumstance; oiroum- 
staunoes (pl,) A. R. 316. 



Ciienoeitre. 

OimuMStre, pr. a^ 0£. Cirin-, Cyren- 
ccaster ; Cinmeuttr, ROB. a. 

oirarglan, sb., OJ^'r. cinirgicQ ; mrj^on, ROB. 
566 ; aurgien Langl. S xx. 30S; ntrgfntM, 
■nigiem (//.) Lakgi- 5 xiv. 88, xx. 177'. 

oiBoors, lb., OJ^'r. cisoires ; to'tiors, 'forftxi 

PR. p. 78. 
cutwnet ab., OJ^r. cisterne ; cisttm, Pft. P. 

67; S. A. L. 136; Mand. 106. 

OlatOVIMMM, ib., pit, GKH. & KX. 1943. 

oitaei6n, sb., Fr. citation; dtation, Rob. 
473- 



3701 J PS. xlv. 5. 
Oiteien, >b., O.Fr. citeien; cititeH', citeiem 

(? dtejcin) Gow. 1. f^ ; oit^an* (pi.) Will. 

3850; dtqenis £. c. 33 ; citeseins Trbv. iV. 

139. 
oitenere, ab., cf/MM ; citteneicvoc.3ii. 
oitir-trd( sb., Lot. citrus ; ditvn, PR. P. 78 ; 

dtur tre PALL. viiL 8, xi. 66. 
oiti^, sb., OJ^r, citole ; » musical iiutrumtnt, 

Ch. C. t. a 1959. 
oitrinMlloiui* ab., med.Lai. citrinAtio', apro- 

tttt im aUiemy, Ch. Ct.G 816. 
Oifln, ab., OJ^r. don ; idon, PR. P. 79 ; >t<nma 

{//.J P. L. S xiw. 74. 
Olve, sb., />-. dve; ofvM (pi,) garUc, PR. P. 

78. 
oiTiliU, sb., 0.^r. dvnit^,y>wNZa/. (Svditas, 

tH4)d.EHg. dvility ; frtedcm (o/a cify), db'Mtm- 

ship, WlCX. DEEDS xxii. 38. 
oUoke,*b.,-J/.Z)«.klacke; elaek{o/amiir)\ 

klakke voc 180 ; pr. p. 79. 
Olaoken, v.,- M.Du. klacken, O.N. kUka; 

clack, gobble ; dake L. C. C 54 ; |iu alftk««(t) 

(pres.) 0.& N. 81. 
olnmentV., O.E. diemAn,— ^.Zta. kleeinen, 

O.H.G. chkimen ; smtar; deime LIDG. H. P. 

53 ; rolSme (prts.) Sacr. 708 ; oUum (imp^.) 

Pall. iii. 871 ; deme hit with clai A.p.ii.^13; 

oUmMla ipret.) ['limvH'] WiCL. sx. 11. 3 ; 

comp. ja-oUtman. 
olBne, adj., O.E. clxoe (cltatt), - OJ^G. dax, 

(small), M.Du. dene (small, thin, eltan), 0. 

H.G.ciiXtim (fine, thin); eltan, pitre, chaste: 

clienc [deane] mon Laj. 6390 ; ciene frag. 7 ; 

O. & N. 584 ; GEN. & Ek. 605 ; Cu. C. T. A 

504; dene lif HOii. 11.8$; dene brxd Orh. 

1590; dene water RoB. 435 ; of urc sunne 

make us clene UOM. I. 63 ; deane inwit A. R. 

3; dene, klene, diene ayenb. 5, 159,334; 

dane H. T. 306 ; ae mai no man dene telJe 

Bek. 128; Vonigerane hit dude for allcclane 

K:ane] La]. 13364 ; bunten hin bondes & 
ken alle dane Jin- j8 ; olAnnar* (eompM:) 
P. L. S. xxi. 98 ; LANCL.^xiii.396; cdfonwto 
ifuptrlta.) H. K. 43 ; clenMsi Lakql. Bky. 43. 



olftmonr. 



119 



dAn-lqa, ah., ptirity, Orh. 4633. 

oUta-Hob.Bdj., 0.£cl£nltc; cleasily: den- 
liche do^nge AYEMB. 316 ; oUnlicdia (adtf.) 
A.R.344; Bee. 130; PL. c 339; denlike 
(>w. dcnnlike) Orh. 1644J clanlidie p. l. s. 
XV. 65. 

niannMwi, sb., 0,E. 4:Iienness; dtasmcss, 
Orh. 4598 ; dennesae A. R. 164 ; O. & N. 491 ; 
AYENB. 301; castitas^t isdenesaeoaEngliac 
HOH. 1. 105 ; cleannesse H. H. 11 ; ■-i.nn>.m 
Rob. 333. 

^ftpmrity, H. m. 31. 
O.E. dtentian; cUanst,pmrify; 
PRAC.7; denaenA.R.314; (MT.cleiu- 
Mim) Orh. 1 136 ; denai Shor. jo ; ayxkb. 
137 ; dense Lanol. £ vi. 106 ; dansi o. & K. 
610; danieMiRC359; oUnittV (/rcr.) HOU. 
1. 83 ; OUaMda (^U.) hou. 1. 337 ; eUuMd 

(Pfi*.) HOH. II. 87; PR. C 3705; CPM^. 



sb., O.E. cUensung; cltansiMg, 

BOM. II. 141 ; (MS. clennNnng) Orh. 15006; 

daminge LBO.99. 
olai. ab., O.E. dieg,- OF-ris. klai, M.L.G. 

klei m.; clt^, rkl. II. 3lo; day SPEC. 8t; 

ALIS.91S ; PR.C.411; dei fra&J; 'argilla' 

PR. p. 80; Trsv.V. 139; Ch. C.T. <78o7; 

deij LEO. 14; s. A. L. 178. 
aiai-dot, ^h.,cledo/el^,ttMi. 5; R. S. V. 

(Hisa 173). 
el«i>dftub«d, pple., dauied with clay, a. p. 

ii.493. 
olal-plt, sb., cUty-^'t, pr. p. 8a 
ol«A adj., clayey, Wici- egclus. xxii. I. 
Ol^en, adj., made of day, Wlci. Job iv. 9. 
olsim, sb., O.Fr. claim; daim, Gow, I. 

350. 
otaimdn, v., O.Fr. damer, claimer ; claim : 

daitnen [cleimen] and asken Lancl. £ziv. 

359; alfllm»)i (pres.) he after dobes WILL. 

4481 ; olaimad (pret.) )>eim quitof ^ servise 

Man. <F.) 4^48 ; dame Townl. 300. 
oUk, sb.,'0.£. claw; (-\K).t),=M.H.G. klac, 

O.N. klakkr ; spot, stain : jif ^t ;e wd juw 

loken fia dake & sake Orh. 9317. 
ol^ke, see alaake. 
Olam, adj., if. Ger., Du., Dan. klam ; sHefy, 

'giutinosus, viicosus,' PR. P. 79. 
olftm, sb., O.E. dam,=^.Z>w. kleem; cl^; 

dom Langl. A xii. 100. 
olaiDBnoe, sb., msd, Lai. damaniia ; claim, 

Man. (H.) 186. 
olunerin, v., clamber, climb with hands and 
feet; cluster, crowd-, ' repto,' PR. P. 79 ; olun- 

berande (pple.) dtiffes Gaw. 1733 ; whanne 

ani olAmbrade (pret.) up leg. 194; <Hom.' 

br«d(j)^/«.)so>ikGAW.8oi. 
□l&mmen, v., smear, Wicl. s. w. II. 93. 
olamoiir, sb., O.Er. damor; clamour, Gow. 1, 

31 ; Ch. C. T. a 995. 



I20 



olandi 



olaustre. 



oland, sb^ O.N.)duid n,; dijiculfy, calamky : 
he makede him selven mucbel dond LA3. 
11704. 

dfiuOy see dlAne. 

olapy ^,y^M>Du, klap, 0,H,G, chlaph; claf^ 

stroke, A. R. 102* ; olappea (//.) Man. (H.) 

175; ^&i»/. ^ain* 9 ]K>nder-clap. 

olaper^ sb., Fr. dapier; rabHt-lmrraw \ 
olapers (//.) R. R. 1405. 

Olappe* sb., fGer, klapfe, klaffe; V/d^, noise, 
*strefiitusy PR. P. 79. 

olappOy sh.f '^Af.Du, klappe, kleppe, M.H,G. 
klsdfe ; clapper, clack (of a mill), Ch. C. T. A 
3144; dappe of a miUe PR. P. 79; hold )>ou 
^i dappe (/^ii^^) Ed. 3357 ; deppe a. r. 70. 

olappin, v., (?.j?. daeppan (leechd. III.88),« 
OJ^ris., OM, klappa, M,L,G. klappen, O.H,G. 
dilaphdn ; cltMp, beat, claiier; bcMle; ^pulso,* 
PR. P. 79; dappen to gidre \^ compiodere*] 
WlCL.JUDG.vii. 19; dappe OCTOV.(W.) 569; 
olapp6)> (pres,) Shor. 135 ; dappe^ at )>e . . . 
gate Ch. C. t. D 1581; and dappeb as a 
mille /406; what so men dappe {babble) 
or die 6^965; olappide (prel) D. Arth. 
956 ; olappid (Pple,) HOCCL. i. 394 ; comf. 
bi«<dappen. 

clapper, sb., c/. L.G. klapper, klepper; 
clapper, rcUtle, Gow. II. 13 ; coppe & daper 
he bare ... as he a mesel ware TRIST. 3173 ; 
\^ deper of ^ melle ayenb. 58. 
olappingOy sb., sounding (of a beil)^ ^Hntilla- 
doi PR. P. 79. 

olaiHWipey sb., carrot, ^daucusi VOC 190. 

olardy sb., O.Fr. dar^, daret ; claret, Hav. 
1728 ; Launf. 344 ; claret PR. P. 79; clarre 
Ch. C. t-4 1471. 

olaretee, sb., 0,Fr. dart^ ; brightness, light, 

Mand. 86 ; darite WiCL. s. w. I. 405 ; see 

olertd. 
OlarifKen, v., Fr. darificr*; clarify, Wicl. 

3 ESDR. viil 82 ; olarijSeth (pres,) lud. Cov. 

103. 

olarine, sb., Fr, darine ; trumpet, PR. p. 80. 
Qlarionere, sb., trumpeter, pr. p. 80. 
olarioningey sb., trumpeting; olariouinges 

(//.)CH. H. F. 1242. 

olarioun,sb.,(9./Nr.darion; clarion, Man. (F.) 
1 1384 ; Ch. C. t. A 2600. 

[clarten, v., soil, dirty; comp. bi-darten.] 

0la8pe,« Z.6P. klaspe; clasp, brooch, ^offendix^ 

CATH. 65 ; Rich. 4084 ; dospe pr. p. 83 ; 

despe VOC 238 ; claspea (//.) p. s. 222 ; d. 

Arth. 1108. 

olaspeiiy v., clasp ; daspe cath. 65 ; clasped 
[dapsed] (pple,) Ch. C. t. A ttji, 

Olaatreiiy v., f clatter \ ant cla8tre)> (pres,) 
wij> heore coUe p. s. 157. 

dater, sb., M.Du, klater; clatter \ that thou 
had holden stille thi clater Townl. 190. 

clatepen,v.,=Ar./?«.kIatcrcn; clatter, rattle, 



KatH. 2026 ; yt arwes . . . olAtren (Pres,) £eist 
and ringe Ch. C. t. A 2359; olatared (pret.) 
Gaw. 731 ; dattered Lidg. m. p. 106 ; comp. 
td-olateren. 

eUterer, sb., clatterer, D. Troy i 1375 ; oIa- 
teren (pi) p. P. 271. 

olatering, sb., rattling, a. P. iL 1515. 

olatte, sb.| f rattle, PR. p. 79. 

olftS^ sb., O.E, d&% m,, cf, 0,Fris, klSth, 0,N. 
klse^i, M,H,G,WKi\. n,; doth, garment, Kath. 
1428 ; bu hefdest da^ to werien hom. 1. 33 ; 
mete & cla% La^. 16853 ; da]> Orm. 3208 ; 
no linene do% a. r. 418 ; do)> o. & N. 1174 ; 
Misc 48 ; Bek. 691 ; AYENB. 45 ; Ch. C. t. 
D 1633; cloth ^pannus*^K. P. 83; Hav. 185 ; 
olftSea (pL) hom. I. 37 ; he rende his elates 
Jul. 70 ; da]>es Iw. 1803 ; da^s [do^] La^ 
2367 ; do^es A. R. 418 ; clo^s frag. 6 ; Rob. 
463 ; oUSen (dot, pi.) La). 3187; dabe misc 
75 ; cof^, barm-, bord-, haiid-, ndved-, 
■eU-ol&9. 

oldth-lda, adj., 0,N. kUe^lauss; without 
clothes, Ch. C. T. 7343. 
cl&S-makinge, sb., cloth-nuMng, Ch. C. t. 

^449. 

ol&|>en9 0ld|>en,v.,a£'.da^ian, aA^.klae¥a,t= 
M,H,G, kleiden; clothe \ da)>en Orm. 2710; 
clathe PR. C. 3553; do^en gen. & ex. 2630 ; 
clo^n Gow. 11.227; Gam. 72; do)>e Hav. 
1138; de)« SPEC. 37; A. P. ii. 1741 ; Iw. 1787; 
heo . . . ol&l'etS (Pres,) heom mid ^eoluwe 
c]a))e HOM. I. 53 ; 616pep (imper,) RoB. 36 ; 
cloSinde (pple,) a. r. 16; ol5|'ede (pret,) 
AYENB. 133; do)»eden Langl. .^ prol. 53; 
dadde Hav. 13Q4; Rich. 3097 ; dedde M. h. 
87; dloSed (pple) rel. 1. 212; do^d, ido^d 
Ch. C. t. a 91 1, 1048 ; ido]>ed Jos. 295 ; comp. 
un-cl&]>eiL 

olA]>ere, sh,,clothier\ oldtherea (pi,) Langl. 
Bx. 18. 

oWpixkg, sb.,B M,H,G, kleidunge ; clothing, 
Orm. 19074; do]>ing LA3. 3187*; do]>inge 
P. L. s. xviL 506; kle|>inge * vestimentum* 
PS. d. 27; de]>ing ant. Arth. ix. 

Olau, sb., 0.E, cUwu, dea, deo, = 0,L,G, 

dawa, M,Du, klauwe, OJ^ris, klewe, 0,H,G, 

chloa, doa (pi, chlawen), 0,N, klo (//. klcer); 

claw, * ungula,* FRAG. 2 ; daw, cle PR. P. 80 ; 

clawe, de WiCL. ex. x. 26 ; ? deo MISC. 95 ; 

deu HiCKES I. 228 ; dee voc 221 ; olawe 

(pi,) o. & N. 153 ; dawes (ms, dawwess) Orm. 

1225 ; dawes Aus. 2186; dauen ayenb. 61 ; 

dees Gow. II. 39; Mand. 198; deen Palu 

J-937. 
clauBey sb., Fr, clause ; clause, trans. XVIII. 

22 ; Gow. III. 87; DEP. R. prol. 92, i. 83. 

clans'Qre, sb.. Lot, clausura ; closure, tr, p. 83. 

claufitrey 8b.,= 0,N, klaustr, L,G. klauster ; 
/rom Lot, claustrum; cloister; olauatres (pi) 
AYENB. 267; see oloistre am/dtiBter. 
olawBtre-man» sb., monk, Orm. 6352, 



olaTer. 

(daTttr, tib^''MJ/.G. klaber; eiaw, fi)wr- 

«u7; alAWVM (C/!>r cLivres) (^.) A. p. li. 1697. 
eUrer, sb^ O.E. difre, clie&«, - M.Dm. kllver, 

L.G. kUver, klever; dovtr, D. Artb. 3241 ; 

wite dovere VOC 140 ; comp. hsorC-oUvre. 
oUvren, v., cf. Du. klavereo, Dan. klavre; 

eUmi : oUvnmnd* (ppt*^ od beghe D. Arth. 

3334 ; bwel'er ^ cat of helle oUvreda (Prtt.) 

ever toward hire a. r. 103. 

oUwiDf v., 0.E, dlwian, - O.H.G. klawen, 
JK.L.G. kbwen, dauwen, klowen, klouwen, 
MJht. klauwen ; clixw, scratch, ' scaipo,' pr. 
F. 80: Ch. C. T. Z>94o; dowe jclawen, 
dawe] Langl. B prol. 154 ; clowe Fer. 463 ; 
oUwef (pres.) pi. cr. 365; Gow. II. 93; 
oUwa {su6j.) a Sc N. 154; oUwBd [prtt.) 
Ch. C. t. a 4336; deu (mj. dew) Fkr. 
5339; S. S. (Web.) 915- 
oUwings^ sb., ciawing, seraleking, ' scaifii- 
latto^ PR. p. 80; be bore likide be clavinge 
wel S. S. (Wr.) 978. 

olS, JMolau. 

oUsfiar, sb, - / M.H.G. klouber ; claw.JSnger- 
Hoil; tiSafrM (fil.) A. R. 102 ; see oUver. 

Oldolie, sb., claw, finger-nail; ol^ohea (//.} 
A. R. 174*. 

elSohen, v., seite {with clav/s, hands) ; deche 
Horn (R.) 963 ; c. l. 734 ; deke Iw. 3478 ; 
benne sir Gauan bi ^ coier ol&ohea {pret.) 
pe knijt ant. Arth. xlviii ; dekes d. Arth. 
1865 { dekis Albx. 642 ; oUhts (pret.) a. R. 
los* ; oUht (fiple.) SPEC 37. 

dlef; see ellC olei, see oUL 

Oleken, v., O.N. kkkja ; f hatch, bring forth ; 
7 nleklt (Pple^ Townl. 311. 

Olikeii, set oUohen. olmDben, jw oUmban. 

jtigTuan^ ifg olAnua, 

see ollmbren. 
. v., 0£. (be)demmaii, - O.L.G. 
iwii-, bi)lcleiiuniaii, M.Du. cletnmen, O.H.G. 
Urijcnlemmen ; from oUm ; compress ; clam- 
(iB)ld [ppie.) Halliw. 354; comf, tat- 

6i»au>hmkty.,—M.H.G.'^}ta\Kin\tnaketoclink: 
(h}» faarpe he gaa dendie Horn (R.) 1498 ^ 
dendiin ajen ' obgarrio' PR. P. 80; denken 
{t printed blenken, v. r. clinken) ... a belle 
Ch. C. T. 5 1186; dinken (Tfor dcnken) 
P. s. 189; fax ajra oIuike)> (pres.\ Shor. 
113. 

Olanohin, v.,- OJi.G. (gi-, iii)denkeii ; clencK 
'rttundot PR. P. 80; ich wot jef smibes 
Khnle uvde dendie O. & n. I3o6; olrint 
ipplt.) L. H. R. 136 ; idenched Ch. C. T. A 
1991 ; eomp. un-olamohsn. 

CJUnOi see ff1#nfti 

ffifmgnn^ y. {firoperfy camtativt from ctUn- 
■•a) ; cUng: ^rfll«ngea (pres.) pt colde Gaw. 
9078; ^Uxtti dlengad (pnt.) 1694. 



oUr. 



(denchfp. oUtuien, ue OUn- 
aten. 

oldo, see clftu. oleo^ see oU£ 

□leopiBn, jMolApiaD. 

oleorBntV^af-deofan, - O.A'. kliufa, OJ/.C. 
cbliuban; cUaoe, split; deove AliS. 770a; 
deven Kath. 3037; Hav. 917; deve Man. 
{H.)i88j defcFR.c6736; ol6r(/r//.) Hav. 
3643 ; P. L. s. xziv. 3S4 ; Alis. 3708 ; Trist. 
3384; Langl. Axviii. 61; dccf Mand. 86; 
dsefLA). 31390; (}iai) clove Fer. 3734; dofe 
Townl. 355; Bl6va (jw^~.) leg. 66; oUltai 
(pple.) Oru. 1334; doven Fkr. 1633; Ch. 
C.T.^ 3934; MAND.95; cloven rdcftjWlCL. 
Mat. xxvii. 51 ; doviu lud. Gov. 45 ; idove 
Rob. 49; Tr£V, VIII. 333; cemp. *-, fbr-, 
to-oUoTsn. 
oUvliige, sb., act of splitting, cleft, Trev. 
11.383; ManD.86. 

oUorien, see oUvleii. 

OlSowe,sb., O.B. diwe, - O.H.G.iXctn^ chliwa; 
cletu; d(e}owe, dewe O.&N. 578; dewevoc. 
iSo ; a dewe of )>rede Trev. II. 385 ; a klewe 
of yam voc. 157; dewe [diwe] Ch. L. G. w. 
3016. 

oltewen, v., O.E. diowen, diewen, diwcn, 
Ger. kleuen ; bcdl, clew, frag. 4. 

oldpien.v.fO.f.deopian, diopian, dypian, di- 
pian; call, Mk. x. 47 ; Kath. 3199 ; {ms. dep- 
yen)Misc.5i;clepieii,clepian,deopien,clupien 
[depie, deopie] Laj. 852, 3498, 5945, 30357;. 
3if ei wolde cleopien him to mete a. r. 360; 
deo|>ieQ, dipien Hom. I. 185, 189 ; depie god 
to wimesse avenb. 64 ; depen Orm. 13335 ; 
depin 'voce' pr. p. 81 ; S. s. (Wr.) 1453; 
depen, depe Ch. C. t. A 643 ; depe WILL. 
1399; cleopie LEG. 33 ; biscbopes he lei dipie 
BEK.473; metodupiekingRoB.333; to^i 
oUpie (pres.) ; ant calle SPEa 59 j deope^ o. 
&N. 1315; deopa^HOM. I. 119; we deopiaV^ 
togode 113 ; jif we depieS }iinc feder 55 ; ;e 
me t«niie depia* (i>rpo**) 13; (hie) depi^ 
II. 21 ; ^rne dia) hi clepieji lif avenb. 73 ; 
dipieji Shor. 107 ; oleopiende {pple.) hom. 
117; oUpede [pret.) Laj. 191 ; Cen. & ex. 
1374; OCTOV. (W.) 759; deopede toward 
heovene Marh. 18 ; dupedc Horn. (L.) 335 ; 
dipede Fer. 143 ; depeden Gru. 12978; WiCL. 

SSH. sxii. 34 ; o]«p«d (pple.) Orm. 14008 ; 
AND. 305; Tor. 341 ; dcpid Langl. Bn. 
21 ; dept HoccL. i. 235 ; camp, bi-, )e-, in-, 
wlS-cUpien. 
oUplngo, sb., O.E. deopung, dypung; 
calling, WiCL. Ephes. iv. i; Ed. 1133; 
dcopmge Laj. 10387. 
olsppe, see oUppe. ol^pen, see olCkpp«Q. 
oleppm,v.,=itf.£.(7., J/.Z>v.kleppen; strille, 
sound, ' tinnio^ pb. F. 81. 
oldr, adj., O.Fr. cKr, dier ; clear, Vu & Bl. 
334 ; deer as water Trev. 1. 133 ; treat. 133 ; 
dier ayenb. 34 ; ^ diere l^;ht Lidg. m. p. 



Ill olfir. 

315 ; be sunne ^t schines oUra (adv.) C u. 
391 ; oUn>r« {eompar.) LEG, 98; clierer ayenb. 
267. 
olir-UolM, adv., cUarfy, BRD. 31 ; dierUchc 

AYENB. 155. 

oltenMM,sb.,f/Azm«M,LEG.i7o; AYSNB.95. 
8Ur*-wort, sb., name of a rtdhtrb, d. Arth. 
3341. 

Otero, sb.,(7.£.cleri<:, DJ^r.derc; cUrk,dergy~ 
MaM,JcA0/<ir,SAX.CHIl.35O; L^.39; P.L.S. 
'1.50; clerk A. R. 318 1 CH.C.T.^4eo; 

" ■ (.pi:) o. & M. 729. 

Qlarke-li, adv., Kkt a cUri, ' eUHcaiiler,' PR. 

p. 81. 
olerematiiu sb., kind of fine bread, LanCU 

^ viL 393 (J vi. 306 ; C ut. 328). 

oteretS, see clsrto. 

olfirin, v., OJ^r. dairer ; mate clear, clear, pr, 

P. 81 ; ca§ret> (pres.) Gow. 111. 313 ; oleerld 

ippU.) WiCL. EX. xix. 16. 
etorgeal [olergial], adj., learned, CR. C. t. 

C7S4- 

aUrcUI-U, adv., learnedly, D. ARTH. 300. 
olergedn, sb., O.Fr. clergeon (petit clere) ; 

cleri in minor orderi, Gov/. 1.2Si; Ch.C.T. 

*I693. 
olergeme, »h.,OJ^r.c\ei^sx;leamedweniaK, 

A. R.6; Kath. 75. 
otergie,. sb., O-Fr. clergie ; clergy, p. l. S. xxv. 

155; p.s. 334; Jos. 171; ol0rgiM(^/.) Kath. 

S3»- 
olerte, sb., j;rUMdb«r, AuD.45; Wici-Tobit 

xiii. 30 ; clerele WiCL. DEEDS xxii. 1 1. 
Oldt, oldt, ah.,~M.L.G. klot m., Af.J/.G. kloi 

m. H.; wedge, ^cuneui,' PR. p. 81. 
Olito,. sb., tO.H.G. chlctta, chtedda; burdock, 

^ lappa; voc 191; of al France jaf noujt a 

dete TRANS. XVIII. 34. 
oUfieii, see oU}>en. 
oUre. sb., O.E. deofa, c;Iy&,-£JJV: klefi m.; 

chamber. Hay. 557 ; Angl. IV. 189 ; kleve 

'cubiWfs.xixy. 5. 
olfiren, j«/ oUoveo. 
0l6vi, adj., 0.£. difig, c/. Dm. klcvig;, Gw. 

klebig; adkenve : divi as elide a. p. it. 1693. 
oMrlen, v., O.E. deofian, cliolian, clifian,= 

OX.G.tihv6D,cltvoa;c/.0.//.G.ch]e;hm;/rvm 

<dlven; cleave, adhere, {ms. duyen, printed 

denyen), spec 37 ; clivin, deve pr. p. 83 ; 

deve[ltlive]ps. idii. 30; cleovien Jarb. XIII. 

174; cIiveiiGEN.&EX.372; cliveFSR. 1901; 

«!*««[> {pres.) TREAT. 137; cliveth Cm. Boet. 

hi. 12 (loi); debvieV La;. 9389; olAve, clive 

(suij.) LANGi.£si. 319; oUvllndB ipple.) 

AYSNB. 107 ; oUftd* {pret.) Lk. X. 1 1 ; clevede 

Bek. 2243 ; WiCL. Job iixix. 10 ; deved Will. 

734; HoccL i. 31; diveden Hav. 1300; 

eWrod [pple.) HOM. II. 73. 
oUrilDdo-Iiobe, adv., adheringfy, ayenb. 

"3- 



oUngen. 

eUvn, see flUvor. oUwe, see (flSowM, 

dib, adj., T/rom olfvat; fobstinate, JARB. 
XIII. 163 1 oUbbe (pi.) uisc. 144 ; jee mot« 
boe wd dibbe (f printed chybbej to floe ham 
REI. II. 343 ; oUbbert (superl.) JARB. XIII. 
163. 

olioobBn, v., I-aluooh«a; ciuteh: tofolden 
and to dicchen (v. n ducche) Langl. Cxx. 
I30 ; olibts (Pret.) L. u. R. 145 ; di^ Ber. 
351 ; ; bit clijt (adhered) to geder A. P. ii. 1693 ; 
cfighteCHEST.I.115; m aonre armour so fast 
loUjt (ppie.) ASS. B 719 ; he fond the . . .finger 
with the ring ictijt into the paume of the 
hood Trev. VII. 537 ; clejt A. P. ii. 1655. 

olide, sb., O.E. di^ ; bur, A. P. ii. 1693. 

olient, sb., Fr. dient ; client, Gow. I. 284. 

Olif, sb., O.E, dif, t:\coU^M.Du., ON, klif 
n.,-cliff: )>atdif[def] L^. 1936; klifGAW. 
713; dif, def Trev. III. 4;$; ollvft (dat.) 
P. L. S. viii. 175 ; B. DISC ) 163 ; dive, deve 
Trev. VII. 461; difc, defe Ecl. 379, 415; 
to ban deove La;. 30861* ; olive* (//.) Lky. 
21B07; kliffes PS. cxiii. 8 ; deves Ch. U 0. w. 
1466; olivan (dot. pi.) Aus. 5429; tamp, 

oUft, set ol&ft. 

Oliket, sb., Fr. diquet; clicket, S9r1 of latA, 
latch-key, ' clavicula,' PR. P. 83 ; LaNGL. A v. 
613; CH.C.T. £3046; dekett 'r/mfu'CATB. 
66. 

oliketed, ppk., fastened with a latch [vj; 
dikated, diketted, i-dicated], Lancu Bv. 
633. 

olimat, sb., Fr. dimat ; climate, Lamcl. C 
"i. 106; Ch. astr. ii. 39 (48). 

olimben, v., O.E. ctimban,=-'0./f.G. chlim- 
ban; climi,A.n. 140; Orm,ii86o; Ch.Ct. 
E 106; climben [clemben] Laj. 851 ; dimbe 
O. & N. 833 ; Will. 707 ; dimme Shor. 3 ; 
dembe p. l. s. xxiii. 73 ; olamb (pret.) Perc 
1333; damRoB.333; s.S.(Wr.)85i; clamb, 
domb leg. 74, 75 ; domb a. r. 354 ; bu 
dumbe Laj. 21439; heo dumben [demae] 
9430; A. R. 244; domben, dumben Ch. C. T. 
A 3636 ; domben Gaw. 2078 ; clomme Roa 
410; him )>a)te he clemde upon ^s treo 
P. I- s. xiii. 123; olomba (pple.) CH. C. T. 
Bit; iduinben L^ 21433; HOif. I. 311; 
A. R. 178. 
olimsre, sb., climber, PR. P. 83. 

olimbren, v.,'-0./f.C. klimmern, klemraern, 
climb: demeri LEG. 166. 

olineiitV., O.^r. diner;=d«oIfiilii; bow down, 
'eieclino; FR. P. 83) i olina (pres.) to ^s 
acorde LUD. Cov. 114. 

oTini&CLfV^O.E.Am^a-tclingiodherej wither 
auiay; dingeo. & N. 743; ALIS.91S; dinge 
& dric Fer. 2524 ; dinge & deve lud. Cov. 
54; iolings (/rff.)asdei}S.A.L. 178; whan 
^. . . dineutfordrie Langl. £xiv. 50; ant 
clinge^ so pe dai spec 8$ ; his beK dingM 



olingen. 

PR. C. 833; 6lMXkg Ofv/.) C M. 4699; his 
limes clonge a wei P. L. s. xxiv. 215; dongen 
[cliingen] (A^//.) C m. 4581 ; clungen was his 
chek M. H. 88 ; dunge L. H. R. 142 ; dongin 
M. Arth. 751; donge Pall. ii. 46; comp. 
lbr-QU2ig«n ; dpriv. olengen. 

cHnlrftTii » AfJ)u, dinken, / O.N, klykkja ; 
clink \ dinkin ^tinmo* PR. P. 82; ^i herde 
a bdle dinke Ch. C. t. C664; deriv. 

olinty sb., O.N. *klintr,=/r^/. kl€ttr, L.Gir., 
Dan,i Swed, klmt; rack\ olintea {pi.) a M. 
17590; klintes Halliw. 497. 

oUpien^ see ol^ideii. olippen, see duppen. 

oUppen^ v., O.N. kiippa ; clip (with shears), 
Orm. 4106; dippin Uanaeo* PR. P. 82; 
dippe Wicl. gen. xxzi. 19 ; dippe and sdiave 
Ch. C. t. a 3326 ; olippid (pple.) Wicl. gen. 
xxix. 16. 

olippare, sb.» O.N. klippari ; clipper^ shearer^ 
^tonsori PR. P. 88 ; dippere WiCL. Is. liii. 7 ; 
clippers (pi.) Man. (H.) 238. 

olipplnge» sb., clippings ' tonsura,* PR. P. 82. 

olippinip-timey sb.» shearing-time^ gen. & 
EX. 1739. 

dips, sh.^ for eolipie; Langl. i9xviii. 135 ; 
dippice PR. P. 82. 

olipsi, adj., eclipsed, R. R. 5351. 

olisterie, sb., O.Fr. distere; clyster, Trev. 
IV. 393. 

[oHve, sb., O.E. dtfe,«il/j[:.c;.klTve, M.Du. 
klijve, O.H.G. diUba ; bur; comp. gftr-oliTe.] 

diTen, v., O.E. difan, = 0,H.G. kllban {adhere), 
M.Du. diven, 0,N. kllfa (climb) \ climb \ 
\^X, wilneb he^e to dive ayenb. 23 ; hi dliven 
(pret.pL) into fe hellc ayenb. 126; hi bi|> 
. . . he^e ioUve (pple.) 26. 

eliTen, v., - dUovan ; split,cleave\ cXvnn^Jindc^. 

PR. P. 82 ; )w hdm he olftf Man. (F.) 10895. 
diTOr, sb., O.E. clifer (gen.pl. difra) ; claw ; 

divres, devres (pi.) o. & N. 155, 270 ; olivre 

(dot. pi.) 78 ; cf. olaver. 

diver, adj., /a^.dibbor; f/romoixym fmod. 
Eng. dever ; tenacious : & te devel (is) diver 
on sinnes rel. I. 213. 

diYi, see d6vL cliyien, see d6vien. 

dobbed, see dubbed. 

doohe, see duoehe. 

Olodier, sb., Er. docher ; belfry, PR. p. 82 ; 
LiDG. M. P. 201. 

dodde, see dotte. doddreB, see doter. 

doftoxige, sb., O.E. duf]>uhg; ranunculus, 

LEECHD. II. 377. 

dogge, sb., clog, lump, obstacle, ^truncus,* 
PR. P. 83 ; doggea (pi.) p. s. 1 54 ; Townl. 313. 

doifltre, sb., O.Fr. doistre; cloister, Bek. 
2077; ayenb. 151 ; Ch. C. t. (743. 

doifltrer, sb., O.Fr. doistrier ; monh ; dols- 
trem (//.) ayenb. 67. | 



cloterin. 



123 



d6ke, sb., claw, Townl. 324 ; ddkee (pi.) 
A. R. 102; PR. c. 6936; klokes D. Arth. 

792. 
cldke, sb., cloah, La). 13097*; Ch. C. T. 

A 157 ; dooke PR. P. 83. 
cloked-li, adv., from ddke ; disguisedly, s. & 

C II. Mi. 
eloken, v., Fr. doker, docher; limp, walk 

lame: ^ere conninge derkes shul dodce 

[dokke] bihinde Langl. ^iii. 34. 
dokke, sb.,^ M.Du. klocke, O.N. klokka, 

klukka ; clock, PR. P. 83 ; a dokke Ch. C. T. 

^4044 ; ten of ^ dokke it was / 5 ; at viL 

of the dokke w. & L 17. 
dokkin, v., O.E. doccian « Swed. klokka, 

klukka, AfJI.G. kludcen, gludcen ; cluck, 

PR. P. 83. 
dom, sb., f silence, ayenb. 264, 266; dum 

[dom] Ch. C. t. A 3639. 
ddm, see dAm. 
[clomeiiy v., Du. kleumen, fbe stiff; comp. a« 

deomen.] 
doniBen, v., fbe numb, stiff; whan )k)u dom- 

seet (pres^ for colde Langl. ^xiv. 50 ; he is 

outher domaed (Pple.) or wod PR. C. 165 1 ; 

dumsid hondis ' manus dissolutas* WiCL. Is. 

XXXV. 3 ; comp. a-dumaeii. 

olcmdy see olaad. 

ddSy adj., Fr. dos; close, shut up, Gow. II. 

94 ; A. P. i. 183 ; doos Trev. II. 75. 
cldSy sb., O.Fr. dos; close, field, enclosed 

place, Rob. 7; doos or ^erde *clausura* 

PR. P. 83. 

dosen, v., /rom ol58 ; close, enclose ; dose 
Rob. 28 ; ol5aede (pret.) Hay. 1310 ; oldaed 
(pple.) CHR. E. 629. 

ddaingiB, sb. pL, gales, Wicl. prov. viii. 

3- 

doeet, sb., / O.Fr. doset ; closet, Gaw. 934 ; 
Trev. V. 313. 

dosurey sb., O.Fr. dosure; closure, 'clausura,' 
PR. P. 83. 

dot, sh.,^ Af.Du. klot (lump, clod), O.H.G. 

doz m. (lump) ; clod, P. L. S. xxxiii. 25 ; H. v. 

13 ; ane dot of hevi eor¥e A. R. 140 ; dotte 

(dat) A. R. 254 ; olottee (pL) Trev. II. 23 ; 

clottis *glebae* WiCL. Job xxviii. 6; comp. 

eld-dot. 
dot, see dSt. 
dote, sb., O.E. date, /; burdock, Uappa^ 

frag. 3 ; PR. P. 83 ; REL. 1. 37 ; dote [doote] 

Wicl. Hos. ix. 6. 

dote-leef^ sb., leaf of the burdock, Ch. C. t. 

^577. 
doter, sb., cf. Swed. klotr, n. (globus), M.Du. 
kJoter(mdk) ; clot\ in doddrea (pi.) of blod 
his her was clunge L. H. R. 142. 

cloterin, v., cf M.Du. doteren ; clot, ^coagulo, 
PR. P. 83; dotred [dotered] (pple.) blood 
Ch. C. t. A 2745. 



124 



dotte. 



cnaL 



Olotte, sb., cf, M.Du, klotte, / Ger, klotze; dody 
CATH. 68 ; REL. II. 192 ; dodde ^gUba^ PR. P. 
83 ; Pall. i. 73. 

0I68, see 0I&8. 

oloUy sb., Fr, clou (de girofle) ; clove^ L. c. C 
17 ; Clowe (? =clou) CATH. 68. 

dowe-gilofire, ^h.^clave-giify-flawery Mand. 
263. 

olouolii]i,sb.,/il/.Z>i/.'^klouwken; from kloawe, 
oloue ; little ball, ^ glomicellus,* PR. P. 83. 

oloude, see difide. 

oloue, sb., M,Du, klouwe; ball\ (ms, clowe) 
* glomus * PR. P. 83. 

olou^, sb., dough, Trist. 1761 ; oloiighis 
(gen,) M. Arth. 893 ; clous c M. 17590. 

olouBe, see olOse. olout, see clut. 

oloute, sb., blow on ike kead^ Triam. 781 ; 
IsuM. 619; LUD. Cov. 98. 

0l6vey sb., 0,E, cluf (ace, pi, dufe leechd. 
II. 36); dove I dove of garlek PR. P. 
84. 

oldTorOy see ol&ver. oldwen, see ol&win. 

Olub, sb., cf, Swed, klubb, m, (lump); (tns, 
glubbe) * globus* WiCL. num. xvi. 11. 

olubbe, O.N. klubba / ; dub, */ustts,* pr. p. 
84; La^. 26062; Hav. 1927; * pedum* voc, 
240; klubbe A. P. i. 1348; dobbe Trist. 
23^8 ; olubbes (pi.) Iw. 3200 ; dubben (^/. 
//.) LA3. 21504; comp, mflBin-<dubbe. 

olubbed, adj., Swed. klubbed ; clubbed, Ch. 
C. T. ^3088; dubbid 'rudis* PR. P. 84; 
clobbed Ch. C. t. B 3088. 

oluoohe, sb., clutch \ cloohea (//.) Langl. 
i9PROL. 154; cloches Map 338. 

oluochen, v. dutch; to duche [clucche] or 
to dawe Langl. ^xvii. 188 ; oluche (pres) 
REL. II. 211 ; cluchches A. P. ii. 1 541 ; upe 
here ton heo seten iclu^t leg. 192; comp, 
for-oluoohen. 

oludey sb., 0,E, dud m., cf, M,L,G, klude /, 
(stone, as a wdght) ; rock : ^a elude (sec, text 
cleve) La^. 191 5; doude spec 44; wormes 
wowe]> under doude spec 44; ditldes (pL) 
Orm. 2656 ; knarres & dudes O. & N. looi ; 
dude La^. 21849; cltiden (dcU, pi,) La^. 
31880. 

elude, sb. (prob, same word as the preceding) ; 
cloud, c M. 18402; cloude ^nubes* PR. p. 
84; Bek. 141 5; Alis. 777; Ch. C. t. B 
3956; olouden (pi.) treat. 136; cloudes 
ayenb. 108; PS. xvii. 12; oloude (dat, pL) 
a. d. 243. 

oludi, adj., cloudy*, cloudi Brd. 23 ; Lidg. m. 
P. 139. 

Cludi^, adj., 0,E, cludig ; rocky, Orm. 2734. 

Cliift, ^h,,^Swed. klyfta, Dan. kldft, M.H,G. 
kluft / (fissure) ; from cleoven ; cleft ; clift 
^sdssura, rima* PR. p. 81 ; ^furchure* voc 
148; dift [difte] c M. 19834; elifte (dot.) 
Ch. C. T. Z^ 2145 ; to hclle cliftc L. H. r. 205 ; 



oluftas, diftes *fissurae^ Trev. IV. 347; 
diftus [^ sdssuras*} Wicx. Is. xxii. 9. 

olum, see olom. olumsen, see clomaen. 

oliipien, see ol6pien. 

oluppen, v., 0,E. dyppan, cf, O.Fris, kleppa ; 
embrace, hom. I. 185; a. r. 424; duppe 
SPEC 38; clippe Horn (R.) 1362; Langl. 
^xvii. 188; Parton. 621 ; deppen Fl. & Bl. 
594 ; deppe OcTOV. (W.) 585 ; olippe)> (pres,) 
Ch. C. t. E2413; oliipte (pret^ Laj^ 501 1 ; 
Bek. 288; dipte Will. 1265; Man. (F.) 
121 18; clipped (pple.) Will. 859; comp, 
bi-oluppen. 

oluppunge, sb., act ofemhradng, A. R. 324 ; 
duppunge, cluppinge H. M. 3 ; duppinge 
HOM. I. 201. 

oluse, sb., 0,E, c]}xs,^0,H,G, cYA^Slssl, from 
medXat. clusa; mill dam i et ter mulne duse 
A. R. 72 ; douse PR. p. 84. 

olfiaen, v., OJS:, (be)dysan ; close; ^ol&aden 
(pret,) La^. 9760; comp, bi-, for-duaen. 

oluBung, sb., 0,E, dysung, dysing ; closing, 

FRAG. I. 

cluster, sb., 0,E, cluster, dyster, -> L.G. 
kluster; cluster, Trev. IV. 151; WiCL. 
DEUT. xxxii. 32; dustir, closter 'botrus 
(fi&rpvt:), racemus ' PR. P. 84 ; closter ^botrus* 
voc 277 ; oluatres (//.) Mand. 168. 

[oluBter, sb., 0,E, dustor ; cloister.] 

oltister-loke, sb., O.E. clustorloca; cloister; 
oiasterlokan (pi.) hom. I. 43. 

olusteren, v., L,Ger, klustem ; cluster : moni 
olustered (Pple,) dowde def alie in clowtei 
A. p. ii. 367. 

olut, sb., 0,E, dut,"s (pJVl klutr ; clout, rag, A. 
R. 256; R. s. V (misc 172); clout ^panniculus, 
pittadum^ PR. p. 84; REL. I. 65 ; Mand. 
293; ^ane clout Shor. 15; a wollen clout 
Alis. 4459 ; ich nabbe clout ne lappe P. R. L. p. 
227 ; dutea (pL) hom. I. 277 ; ORM. 3327 ; 
Hav. 547; doutes pl. cr. 244; sche rente 
it al to doutes Ch. C. t. E 1953 ; comp^ 
pilohe-, 8we|'el-, wlnde-olllt. 

olute, sh,,=^M.L.G, klute ; clod, o,Jk N. 1167. 

olutieii, v., O.E, (ge)dutian; patch, mend; 
cloutin ' sardo * PR. p. 84 ; she wolde doute 
mi cote LUD. Cov. 98; oltitie (pres, subj,) 
A. R. 256; olouted (pple.) PL. CR. 424; i- 
douted Langl. j^vi. 61 ; comp, bi-oltltieiu 
olouter, sh., patcher, * sartor,* PR. P. 84. 

onag, sb., d. Dan. knag, Swed, knagg m, ; 

knot, peg; knagg Flor. 1795. 
onaggen, v., fasten with a knot; knagged 

(pple:) D. Trov 4972 ; knaged Gaw. 576. 
onak, sb., O.N. knakkr; crcuk, noise; knak 

Fer. 459P ; knaokifl (pl.) Wicx. £. w. 156; 

knakkes (v, r, crekes) Ch. C. t. (Wr.) 4049. 

onakken, v., cause to sound; knaokus (pres,) 
WiCL. s. w. III. 482. 

onal, sb., ?=onttl ; knock, Fbr. 463*. 



ondoUen. 



"5 



B vi. 373. 
Cllkp,sb.,»i7w.kiu,p; blow, knock : be knight, 
under knappla (//.)> uppon Icnes fell d.Troy 

onipe, sb., O.E. cnapa, •■ O.Fris, knapo, 
OJ-C. knapo, OJf. knapi ; — oniv» ; ity, 
['>«r']. Mat. viii. 6 ; knapeGSN.&EX.477; 
S.S.(Web.)930; Gow. III.311; L. H. R. 136; 
Gaw. 3136; s. & Cl. Ui; on&pM [gen.) 
Oru. 410(3 ; cni^ea (aa.) Lk. be. 47 ; comp. 



anApA-ohlld, sb., malt child, Orh. 7895 ; 

kiupecluld GEN. St £X. 3585. 
Oiurre, sb.| = L.Gtr. knaire; knot; knarre 

Gaw. 1434 ; Cu. C. T. A 549 ; ktutrrea (>/.) 

tt dudes O. & M. 1001 ; ful of knarres 'v«r- 

tit^us plenum ' Wicl. Wisd. xiii. 13. 
cmarri, adj., knotty, gnarled; knarri CH. C. T. 

-41977- 
oniTe, sb., O.E. ccafa, = O.H.G. chnabe, 

tHod.Eng. knave ; Ay, servant {mt. cnaue), 

iM^ 393; PL. CR. 388 ; knave gen. & EX. 1 i 51 ; 

Ha V. 450; TREAT. 139; Will. 3394; Flor. 

ao9s ; Ch. C, t. a 3434 i Tor. 3008 ; >e kokcs 

knave a. r. 380 ; knigbt, swain and knave 

Aus. 7968 ; IS yonre child a knave Townl. 

113; knafe H. H. 131; cnAvea (pi.) LAj. 

«SSS9. 

kDAve-tem, sb., male child, C M. z668. 
eoAve-ohlld, sb., male child, HOU. If. 47 ; 

Lai. 15526* {first text cnihtbsemj; knave- 

cbild P. L. S. zxiii. 45 ; Wid- exod. i. 16 ; CH. 

C.T.5 7IS- 
CUiTiBOlit adj., knavish ; a knaviscb speche 

Ch. C. t, //305. 
Omftwe, sb., O.E. (ge)cn3we; conscious •• he 

nolde be knowe for no {ring {lat hit wes a maide 

A. D. 358. 
taAwtanmn, sb., knowledge ; cnow(e)neS5e 

HOU. II. 35. 
onftw-lfiolie, sb., from stem of onftwan; 

knowledge; knauleche C. M. 13163; knowe- 

lecheTREV. 111.316; knouleche Mand. 313 ; 

Ch. C.T. £l320; LUD.C0V,93; soujlcn him 
a mong hise coslns and hise knouleche (ac- 
^aintances)Vi'iCL.LK.ii.44; knoulache AUD. 
19; knaulage Perc 1053. 
onftwelSchi, v., y^fR onftwlfiohQ; acknow- 
ledge; cnowlechi LEB. Jes. 198; knoulechin 
*/^eri' PR, P. sBo; knouleche Map 335; 
Hand. 130; knouUche MiRC 1670J onftiv- 
UoheS (p^es.) Kath. 1353; jif ha . . . cnaw- 
Ieche¥ so% h. m. 9; kndulSohlde {prtt^ 
WiCL. Esth. viii. r ; knowleched LanGL. B 
T.481 ; knoulecheden WILL. 4783. 
ontirlftohinge, sb., acknowledging, Kath. 
1388; knaulecbinge avenb. 133; cnou- 
techunge A. R. 93; knouleching Gow. 11. 



on&wen, v., O.E. (ge)cnawan {pret. cn^ow), 
O.H.G. (int-, ir-)chnfthan, knahan (pret. 
chnata), O.N. pres. kn^ (pret. knalta) ; know, 
Orm. 1314 ; knawe Hav. 2785 ; AYENB. 36 ; 
PR. c 439 ; koaue ant. Arth. xix ; cnowen 
HOU. II. 81; knowen Will. 577; knowe 
Langu £xix. 198; cnonen rel. I. 1721 
knoue AuD. 43; onAweC (pres.) HOU. 1. 
249; knfitt (imper.) h. h. 165 (167); onSow 
(pret.) Orm. 13584; cneou La). 17069; 
kneow Alis. 113; cnew hom. II. 137; kneu 
Horn (R.) 1151; Rob. 315; c, u. 11032; 
kneew Alis.* (Sk.) 541 ; fou cnewe rel 1. 48 j 
knewen GEN. Sl ex. 3504; knewen ayenb. 
346;knewe LanCL.^ xii. 154; }ef ba cneowe 
Jul. 33; kidwen (pMe.) Iw. 3666; pk. C 
444 ; knowen GEN. & ex. 3037 ; knowen 
Mand. 3 ; knowe WiLi. 736 ; comp. tui<, U-, 
jA-onftiran. 
BnAwlng, sb., knowing; knawing PR. C 
145 ; cnowunge A. r. 38a 

, adj., tfor ontwe; beo nn ken & 
Kath. 1070 ; comp. soS-onAwea. 

O.E. cnedan, -= MJ^G. kneden, 
O.H.C. chnetan ; knead ; kncdin PR. P. 279 ; 
knede Ch. C. t. A 4094 ; ooMeat (pres.) 
Oru. i486; knMen (ppU.) r. r, 317; 
knodon PR. P. a8o ; comp. }e-cniMan. 
onMare, sb., kneader; knedare PR. P. 279. 
[ooAdlnc, sb., kneading^ 

knMlnK-trogh, sb., kneading-trOHgh,QK.. 
C. T. A 3548. 

koAdlne-tnbbe, sb., kneading~tub, Ch. C. 
T. A 3563, 3S94- 



oodo, sb., O.E. cneo, cneow,^ O.Z.(7. kneo, 
knio, Goth, kniu, O.Fris. kne, kni, O.N. kne, 
OJt.G. chneo, chniu, Lai. genu, Gr. -yiW ; 
knee; cneow frag. 6; knee 'genu' voc. 
186; to ^ ni>e cne {degree) HICKES I. 336; 
kne gen. & ex. 444 ; in (]ft) te)K kne ROB. 
338 ; en(6)owe (pi.) Laj. 53S8* ; cneon hou. 
1. 191; Marh. 9; failed a cneon a. r. 16; 
kneon treat. 139; cnewes (ms. cnewwess) 
Orh. 6467; knewes Ar. & Mer.6;5i; knes 
Horn (L.) 383 ; knees [knowes] Langu A v. 
303 ; ontowen (dot. pi.) Lk. v. 8 ; cneowen 
La). 13665 ' P^ ^''E '^i °i cneouwen 33046 ; 
cneowe 29573; cneon 4996; kneon uisc 
149. 

knSo-bfin, sb., knee-bone, chr. E. 758. 

ond-hol«, sb., O.E. cneowholen (voc 68) ; 
knee-holly (printed ciie-ho\c), REL. I. 37. 

knee-panne, sb., knee-pan, voc 183. 

oneo-rea, sb., O.E. cneoress, -ryss; gene- 
ration, Mat. xvii. 17. 
onSolien, v.,=;>f.^.C7.knelen, iff.£>».knie]en; 
kneel : cneolin Marh. 30 ; cneolen, cnelen 
Oru. 6138,11393; knele Hav. 1320; Mand. 
14; EGL. 1279; onSwiMt (pres.) HOU. II. 



126 ondolien. 

25 ; cneul^ 83 ; ondole (imper,) La^ 24163 ; (Aiobbe, sb., M.L,G. knobbe ; knob : knobbe 

cneoldS A. R. 18 ; kneoli (subj.) R. s. v (misc pr. p. 280 ; be knobbes (//.) sittinge t>n his 

168) ; knfiolinde (ppU.) A. R. 18 ; onfioulede chekes Ch. C. t. A 633. 

(pret) La5. 29654; knculcde Bek. 540; onobbel,sb.,-il/.Z7f#.knobbel; iyf^; knoble 

knelcde spec. 106 ; Trev. V. 455. pr. p. 280. 

knSlare, sb., kneelery PR. P. 279. onobbid, adj., knobbed \ cnobbid fr. p. 280. 

knduling, sb., kneeling, HORN (H.) 810 ; onok, sb., knock, blow ; knok Langl. (Wr.) 

cneling Orm. 1451. 6262 ; knok C vi. 178 ; knokke ^x. 327 ; RICH. 

oneowien, v., oJe. cneowian, cf, 0,H.G. chni- 491. 

wcn» chniuwcn ; kneel \ knfiwed«(/r//.) HOM. onokien, v., O.E. cnucian, O.N. knoka; knock ; 

I. 121 ; knowede misc. 48. knoke)> (pres.) ayenb. 116 ; cnoken A. P. i. 

]mdoawunge,sb., <9.£'.cneowung;i/f^//i>i^, 726; knoke {imper.) Ch. C. t. ^3432; 

HOM. I. 199. cnokie^ MAt. vii. 7 ; knokede (pret.) S. S. 

onioohe^ see oniioohe. (Wr.) 1420 ; knoked (pple.) MiN. iii. 68. 

onif, sb., O.E. ctilS,^Af.Du. knijf »., O.N. omAdlf sb.^^^ Af.Du., Af.L.G. kiiokei, Af. If. G. 

knifr m.j' knife, Kath. 1953; J)at cnif Orm. knuchcl; knuckle, * nodus,' VOC 186; '«w- 

4128 ; enne longne cnif Laj. 3775 ; knif a. r. dylus,' FR. P. 280 ; knokells (pi.) rel. 1. 19a 

282; Hav. 479; SPEC. 102; Alis. 1061; oiiol,sb., a-E. cnoll; >&iw//; knolGEN.&EX. 

MAND.51; onifM (^^/i.) Orm. 4257 ; knive 4129; onolles (pi.) 'colics' Hickes I. 168 

(dal.) HOM. I. 69; cnifcs 2280J; cnives (hom.II. ill); knolles PS. bciv. 13. 

12282 ; onive (fms. cniues, r. w. live) (pi.) cnollin, v.,-cnmieii; knock; knoUin, *pulso,' 

Laj. 18027 ; knifes [knives] Ch. C.t. A 233 ; p^, p, ^Bo ; knoUed (ppie.) E. G. 401. 

i[?w* ""' !L^'^' ^^LU^-^^"^ ^ onop, sb., = OJTris. knop, 0.//.G. chnoph, 

pi.) Laj. 4009 ; comp.hovd'lant. ^^^. j^'^ ^^ ^^^^^, ^^. ^ J^ 

knif-w(e)orpare. sb,, km/e-lkrower, A. R. cov. 245; as hit were a gildcn knop L. c c. 

313* 39 ; be imop of ^ kne voc 208; knoppe 

oniht, sb., O.E. cniht, cnyht, cnieht, cnioht, (dal.) w. & i. 35 ; knoppes (pi.) R. R, 1080, 

cneoht,— a/NTw. knecht, O.H.G. chneht, mod 1683 ; Jmoppis Degr. 1494 ; knoppis of bars 

Eng. knighty boy; servant; soldier; knight, WiCL. exod. xxvi. 1 1. 

HOM. II. 181 ; cniht, knit [aii)»t] Laj. 346, knop-weod. sb., centaurea nigra, LEECHD. 

2800; cniht, knut O. & N. 1087, 1575 ; kniht m -,« ^ * ^ 

Horn (R.) 508; knicht Wart. II. 2; rt^^llLlK ^urn^ nr r r XrrMxrsrxM^ * h^^ 

knijt Degr: 1506 ich am \\ knijt Rob. 115 ; "^fft'^^r^^^^i^ 

Laxar be kni;t leb Jes 678 • knie^ GEN & ^^ » knoppe 'nodus, gemma PR. P. 280. 

EX. 283 ; knight CH. C. T. yi 43 ; knith, knict, cnoppe, v., stud^ovide with knobs, 'buUare! 

knicth, knit Hav. 32, 77, 1650, 2427; knict, fATH. 205; knopped (ppU.) R. R. 7260; 

knit Horn (H.) 524, 1038; cnihtea (gen.) knopped schon PL. CR. 424. 

Laj. 19950 ; onihte (dat^ Laj. 7703 ; knihte onorre, sh.,^M.Du., AfX.G.,AfJf.G.knom; 

A. R. 86 ; cnihtea (//.) Sax. chr. 252 ; (ms. knot, excrescence ; knor Ber. 2514. 

cnihhtess) Orm. 8185; knihtes a. r. 3^8; onotte,sb., C'.£'.cnotta,*Bj/.Z>ir.knutte,^./r. 

cnihtes, cnihte La). 3617, 26780; knijte (?. knotze; ^/i^/, H. M. 33; knotte'iiAt^'PR. 

P. L. S. xix. 263; onihte (gen. pi.) La^. p. 280; cm. 841 1 ; Ch. C. T. /'401 ; ^e 

8172, 18007 ; cnihtene (printed cinhtene) knotte ayenb. 253 ; wi^ute knotte A. R. 2 ; 

3346; cnihtene Kath. 1571; cnthten (dat knotten (//.) Bek. 1479; cnotten, cnottes 

/.) Me. iii. 9 ; La^. 714; mid cnihten HOM. Kath. 11 57; knottes Mand. 190; PL.CR. 161. 

. 231 ; comp. btlr-, in-, leoming-oniht. knot-Ida, adj., without a knot or obstacle, 

oniht-bttm, sb., mcde child (sec. text cnave- Ch. Tro. v. 768. 

child), La^. 15526. cnottel, sh.,^MJ)u. knuttel; little knot; 

kni^t-ohild, sb., male child, L. N. F. 214. knottiles (//.) Halliw. 498. 

kniht-h6d, sb., O.E. cnihthad ; knighthood, cnotti, adj., knotty, HOM. I. 281 ; knotti *iw- 

HORN (R.) 543 ; knijthod ayenb. 83. dosus* PR. P. 280 ; CH. C. T. A 1977. 

kn^t-ll, adj., O.E. cnihtllc ; knightly, WiCL. onottien, v., knot ; onotted (pple.) SAX. CHR. 

2 Maoc viii. 9. 262 ; knotted Mand. 197 ; iknotted A. R. 420; 

onihtHMripe, sb., knighthood, * militia,' HOM. cnottede schurgen Kath. 1 551. 

1. 243 ; Laj. 3801 ; knihtshipe P. s. 335. ondwen, see cnAwen. 

iaaighirwe^dB, sb., attire 0/ a knight, Aus.* onucohe,sb.,«=Ar.£.aknucke,knocke; bun^ 

(Sk.) 544. die ; knitche ['fasciculus '] WiCL. Amos ix. 6 ; 

oniht-weored, sb., troop of knights, Laj. knohchea(//.)ofhai Rich. 2985 ;binde]> hem 

96766. in knucchen (/frVf/^^knucchenus) Misc 225. 

enihten, v., knight, create a knight; knihten oniil, sb., O.E. cnyll ; %nell, rel. II. 277 ; (^) 

Horn (R.) 640 ; kni3ted (pple^^lLL, 1354. laste knel 79. 



{ 



oniUleiL 

entmen, v., 0£. cayW^i,— if. If. G. knlUlen . 
Jhuei, btai; ring btlh \ knille PERC 1348 ; 
HAS.689; letealsobebellesktiil]eMiRC77g; 
kn&Uod {,ppU.) P. S. 193 ; see o&ollln. 

OniiTiied, adj., t gnarled, knotty ; to hia cnur- 
nede cneon KIarh. 10 ; knomed stonei Gaw. 
3166. 

onttttea, v., 0£. cnyttan, - MJ~G. knutten ; 
kitit ; knittin ' ttodo, necto ' pr. p. 379 ; knit- 
ten Langl. ifPROL. 169; knitte bis browes 
Ch. C -i.A I laS ; knQt ( jJrw.) a. r. 396 ; as 
ineknit anetp. L.s.xvii. t;?; kndtt* (^fv/.> 
Aus. 3251 ; knette Gow. II. 30; knitted 
(M&.) PR. c. 7315; icnut Kath. 1535; to 
grair nit ia iknit AUD. 10 ; comp, tut-snuttan. 

oobkrde, ib., / boko's tmgs ; ■ veriedra,' V0& 

MI. 
[oobbet, sb_ ef. Swed. kobbel {houndary- 

stotu, RiETz).] 
oobil-BtOn, >b., toible-sione, 'rudus,' voc 

356 ; 'petrilla ' rs,. F. 84. 
oobben, v., e/. Swed. kubba ; striJie ; oobUt 

(firtt.) D. Troy 838$. 
Oobelere, sb., cobbUr, 'sartor,' PR. F. 84; 

Langi. a v. 170. 
000, sb., O.E. coc, cocc, O.Fr. ax, O.N. kokr ; 

tock, ' gallut!iAK.jiv.()Z(lktearlterttxi has 

faana) ; a. r. 140 ; o. & n. 1679 ; REt. 1. 317 ; 

AYSMB. 35S ; cok Mand. 91 ; oookea (gen.) 

Bbk. 1090; a ookkea oomb Mand. 207; 

ooak«f fSt tcolumUne, lekCUD. III. 319; 

ookksa (pi.) Trev, I. 339; eomp. pA-, 



CK^lfln. 



^%^ 



060, sb., O.E. c6c, cf. OJf.G. coch ; Lot. co- 

qvus, cocus ; fooit ; 1^3.199481 cok,kokHAV. 

967, 3S98 ; kok SPRC loi ; cook Langl. B v. 

15J; CU. C.-T. A 3030; LiDC. H. p. 317; 

k»lcvoc.3ii; kSkM(;M.)A.R.38o; o6kM 

(//.) L^ 3315 ; Trev. V. 173- 
oooard, ib., OJ^. cocait, cocard ; _fi>ol, Gow. 

II. 331. 

oooatrioe, ab., O.Fr. cocatricte ; cockatrice, 

W1c1.PS.xc13; kocatrice'MizVu<wf'FR.P. 

381. 

00000a, M/ mtooti. 
oook, A>., fight, sirifi, FS. cxliii. i. 
[oooke, sb.,=CM-. kodce m.,- eeek, hei^j 

eomp, hal-oooka.] 
oookera, sb., one who makes hay-cocks; 

ODkar<«)i [cokaies] (//.) LaNOI. Cvi. 13. 
oocken, v., t fight; be wole grennen cocken 

& chiden REU I. igg; cocke wij) knif p. 5. 

153; oooken (pret. pi.) ALEX. 3043 ; tnon 

^t si^ briddes oakklnde {pple.) rel. I. 

363. 
cxMker, sb., Tfighttr\ cocker bef& boreling 

RSI. I. 188; ookken (pi.) TowNL. 343; 

fi|ten and cokkers Trev. IV. 173. 
oookungs, sb., f fighting ; wi% strong cock- 



tmge overcume hire flesch u. u. 47 ; cokkinge 

Trev. II. 83. 

OOOle, sb., cockU, ' cochlea! PR- P- 86. 
oooodril. sb.. Lot. crocodilus ; crocodile ; 

cokedril WiCL. lev. li. 39 ; coktidrill ALIS. 

6620; oooodrlllM [//.} Mand. 19S, 
ooonmbor, sb., O.Fr. cocombre; cucumber, 

Pall. L 9B1. 
ood, sb., O.E. codd (bag), cf. Du. kodde ieoleuA 

(Kii- DiCT.), O.A'.koddi«./ bag; £od,husk\ 

MAT. X. 10; CH.C.T. CS34J ( pillow) To-viTXL. 

84; codde husk, scrotum fr. p. 8$ ; mid 

^ine . . . codde (skin) o. & n: 1 134 ; winberian 

ooddM(//.}LEECHD. III. US'; coddis ['sili- 

^j'] Wicl.Lk.xv. 16; coddisof silkeHAL- 

UW. 263 ; comp. bkUok-, ben-, pteniod. 
ood, sb., cod (the fish), b. b. 174. 
oode, see onda. 
codling, sb., eodliMg(fish), ' morus,' pr. p. 85 ; 

' mullus' voc 189. 
oodnle, ab., O.E. cudele; cuttle, 's^'a,' 

PR. p. 85. 
004inpoi&l,sb.,Z4/. co-emptio; co-emption; 

coempdoun, ^ is to icin, comune acbat, or 

biing U^idere Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 
ooeteme, adj.. Lot. co-aeternus ; ohetental, 

CH.BOET.V. 6(173). 
od^ o^iB, o6fllohe, tee tKL 
oofln, sb., O.Fr.c<Aa, mod.Eng. co6Sn ; basket, 

' cophinus,' PR.p.85; WiCL. PS. boot. 7 ; cofine 

(pie-crust) L. c c 34, 39, 41 ; oofflns (pL) 

Pall. iv. 673, 
oofre, sb., O.Fr. cofrej coffer, BSK. 1933 j c u 

993 ; SPEC 37 ; Ck. C. t. E 585. 
oofren, v., Fr. cofTrer ; store in a coffer, PL. 

CR.68. 
oog-boote, see ook-boot under ook*. 

>ogge, ah.,-MX.G. kbgge, M.Du. koggbe, 

OJf. kuggr ; small boat, Cu. L. G. W. 1477 ; 

D. Artu. 476 ; ooggM ipl.) Rich. 4784 ; 

Mam. (F.) 13068. 
oogge',5b.,^5«v(£ikugge m,; cog, tooth 0/ a 

wheel, PR. p. 8; ; frogge \M sit at mulne under 

cof^ o. & N. 86. 
OOgheo. see ooDghea. 
DOgitaoiun, sb., OF'r. cogitaciun ; cogitation, 

A. R.3B$. 
oognadonii, sb, O.Fr. cognation, Lai. cog- 

n&tis ; kim^d, Wicl. cen. x. 31, xxiv. 4. 
OogniEftiuioe, sb., O.Fr. conissance ; know- 
ledge, DREAM 3091. 
ooi, adj., O.Fr. col, qvoi, mod.Eng. coyj 

flwr/, PR. p. 86 ; Cn. C. T. ^ II9. 
ooien, v., make quiet, CH. Tro. ii. S01 ; oolea 

(^f.) Alis.* (Sk.) 1175. 
ooifa, sb., OJ^r. coife ; coif, pr. f. 86 ; Man. 

(F.) 10896 ; helm & coife Fer. 1605. 
Oc^On, sb., OFr. coilon ; tesit'eU ; eoilSni, 

coillons ( pi.) CH. C. T. C9S3. 



128 



coin. 



ooUrie. 



coin, sb., O.Fr, coin,coing ; coin, Ch. f. age20 ; 

coigne Langl. C ii. 46 ; coni, cuni PR. P. 282. 
ooin'y qvoin, sb., Fr. coin ; gutncefWOC. 1 63, 1 92. 
ooinen, v., OJ^r, coigner ; coin : coigne )>e 

monei Gow. II. 83 ; ooined (jfip/e,) Man. 

(H.) 239. 

ooint, adj., OJ^r. coint, /rom Lot, cognitus ; 
mod.Eng. quaint; famous^ well- known \ 
knowings clever^ skil/til; neaty elegant\ WILL. 
653 ; Gaw. IC26; cointe, cwointe A. R. 140; 
of se cointe (i/. r. icudd) kaiser Kath. 580 ; 
qvoint Map 337 ; a. P. i. 888 ; |>e qvointe swike 
Rob. 105 ; qvcinte Ch. C. T. B 1426. 
oointe-liohe, adv., skilfully ^ gracefully y ROB. 
25 ; qveintliche Will. 3233 ; qveinteli R.R. 783. 

Odintexiy v., acquaint \ oointed (pret,) him 

Will. 4644 ; qvainted him Man. (H.) 225. 
oointise, sb., O.Fr, cointise; skill j wisdom; 

ornament \ cjvointise A. P. iii. 39; ROB. 51 ; 

cointice, qvemtiseWiLL. 1665, 4220; qveintise 

R. R. 838 ; qvaintise A. p. ii. 1632. 
ooiaey sb., == Foweise ; / ulcer {term of abuse for 

a woman) : ^is foule great coise Gow. 1. 100. 
ooisiy adj., ? « qvaai, or= *cvft\s\from oweise; 

f queasy \ codling, cungur, and suche coisi 

fishe M. T. 118. 
OOite, sb., quoity PR. p. 86. 
ooiteily wh.yplay at quoitSy ^petriludo^ PR.P.86. 
ooiter, sb., quoit^piayery ^ petriludusi PR. P. 

86. 

ook, see 000. odk, see odo. 
[cok, coke F] 

ook-belle, sb., small belly ' nola^* PR. P. 86 ; 
cokebelle T^EV. I. 219. 

[coke, sb., OJ^r. coque ; cf. oogge.] 

ook-booty sb., cockboat, LiDG. M. P. 152 ; 
cogboote ^scafa* PR. p. 86. 

ookel [cokkel], sb., 0,E, cocel, coccel ; cf/r. 

cogal ; cockle (weed), CH. C. T. ^ 1 183 ; kokil 

[* Misania '] WiCL. Mat. xiii. 25 ; rel. II. 80 ; 

cockel I. 36; cokkil LiDG. M. P. 149. 
Odken, y,yfrom 060 ; cf, M.Du, koken, 0,H,G. 

cochdn, from Lot, coqvere; cook\ odked 

(pple.) Langl. Cxvi. 60. 

ookenei, sb., mod,Eng, cockney; fhenfs egg 
(see Murray in academy 10 May 1890) ; 
spoiled childy milksop, simpleton, PR. P. 86 ; 
cokenai Ch. C. t. A 4208 ; ne no kokenei . . . 
coloppes for to maken Langl. J? vi. 287. 

ooker, sb., 0,E, cocoi,^ O.Fris\o\itx,OM,G, 
chochar; quiver for a$ rows; kindof half boot 
or gaiter ; enne koker Laj. 6470 ; cocur, cokir 
* cothurnus * PR. p. 84 ; ookerea (pi.) Langl. 
B vi. 62. 

ookerelt sb., cockerel; kokerel PR. P. 281. 

odkerie, sb ,=M,Du, kokerie ; cookery, Gow. 

II. 83. 
odkerin, v., keep warm, pr. p. 85. 
ookeringe, sb., warming, ^fotio,* PR. P. 85 ; 

0. & N. 504. 



ookety sb., sort of fine bread, Langl. Cix. 326. 

ookewoldy see eukeweald. 

06I, sb., 0,E, col, cf 0,N, kol «., OHG. 
chol n., cholo m,; coal; col ayenb. 205 ; WILL. 
2520 ; dude ))er inne muchel col La^. 2366 ; col 
groweb under lond Trey. I. 399 ; col [cole] 
Ch. C. t. a 2692 ; cole Horn (L.) 590 ; s. s. 
(Wr.) 2170; PR. C. 6762; a qvic cole Bev. 
1548; as blak as cole P. L. s. ii. 42; o61e 
(dat,) hom. I. 27 ; La^ 17701 ; o61ea (//.) 
Mand. loi; o61en (dat. pL) honl I. 251; 
brennen to colen gen. & EX. 2653 ; comp. 
ohar-oole. 

o61-bUk9 adj., coal-black, o. & N. 75 ; Ch. 
C. T. A 2142. 

o61-f6x, sb.,=(7^. kohlfuchs, Du. koolvos -, 
brant'fox, CH. C. T. B 4405. 

odl-mdse^ sb., 0,E. colmilse,»C7^. kol- 
meise ; titlark, PR. P. 88. 

o6l-put,sb.,a£'.colpytt; coal-pit. Misc. 183. 

o61-rak6» sb., coal-rake, yoc. 276 ; PR. P. 88. 
col, ooUOy ?adj. or pr.n. ; f cunning; f nick- 
name given to rogues : coUe tregetour CH. 
H. F. 1277. 

06I, sb., O.E. c6\,^Af.Z>u.kot\, O.H.G. chuol ; 
from otten ; cool, Mand. 305 ; cool Misc 
149'; his red was to coul Shor. 105 ; ^t 
cole red Rob. 131. 

odl, see oaul. 

ooloase, sb., Z^a/. coIocS>ia; Egyptian bean. 
Pall. iv. 25. 

odld, o61deii, see o&ld, oAlden. 

odlder^ sb., prov.Eng. colder (chaff) ; f rub- 
bish : coolder, coldir, *petrosa, petro,* PR. P. 
86. 

odlOy sb., coolness : in hete or cole s. & C II. 

XXX. 

ooler^ sb., O.Fk coler; collar, Rob. 223; 

Langl. B prol. 169 ; coller PR. p. 87. 
oolerOy sb., O.Fr. colere ; choler, WiCL. 

ECCLUS. xxxi, 23 ; coler Gow. III. 99. 
ooleredy pple., having a collar, Ch. C. t. 

.^2152. 
oolerik, adj., choleric, Ch. C. t. A 587 ; coWk 

AYENB. 157. 
oolfre, see oulfre. 
ooliaundre, see ooriandre. 

oolien, v., O.E. c51ian, « 0*L.G. colon ; cf 
kdlen; cool, become or make cool; colin 
^frigefacio' PR. P. 87; colen GAM. 540; 
colen her carez Gaw. 1254; cdlede (pret.) 
Jul. 70; ooolid (pple^ PR. P. 87; comp. 
a-9 fbr-odlien. 

ooliere, sb., cf. M.H.G. kolaere ; from 06I ; 
collier, coed-dealer; colieres (pi.) OCTOV. 
(W.) 495 ; kolieres Will. 2523. 

oolikey sb., Fr. colique ; colic, PR. P. %T. 
oolirie, sb., OSr. colire. Led. collyrium ; 
eye-salve^ WiCL. apoc. iii. 18. 



coliiL 



commlkiL 



xa9 



•ooUs, sb., O^r. ookis; Sinrt of hr9ih\ kolb 

L.CC2a 

oolity sb^-^aooUt; oiolyU^ WiCL. a Thxss. 
PROL.; PR. P. 88. 

oolke, sb^ con of JruU^ *iniirior panpomdj 
CikTH. 71 ; appel . • . ^t even in middes has 
a coike PR. C 6445 ; odUn (dot.) Townl. 381. 

odlknii^ sb., see oauL 

eollaoioinfi, tb., Lai, colUUio; discoune; amr 
sideraiumj comparison^ WiCL. 2 Maoc. xiL 
43 ; Ch. C. t. (W.) 8199 ; colladon Gow. 
I. 337; colasioun Ch. Bobt. iv. 4 (125); 
ooUaoiAiia (pi) AYEN& 155. 

oolle, sb., / 0£. (nioigen-)*coUa; fntge, P. s. 

157. 
eoileeta, sb., medJJti. collecta; coUecHon; 

colUd {short prefer) ; be coDecte of euericb 

tide A. R. ao; coUect WiCL. a paral. vii. 9; 

cokct 2 ESD. viiL 18; ooUeotia (//.) or ga- 

deringis of moneie i CoR. xvi. i. 
oollen, v., ffof aooUen; embrau\ coUe 

WiCL. ECCLES. iii. c ; kollad (/fv/.) Will. 69; 

colled Langl. B xl 16. 
ooUinge^ sb., embradmg\ oollixicla (//.) 

WiCL. GEN. xlvi. 29. 
o611en% v., cf Swed. knlla (bekead)\ fkill\ 

cole c BC 3135 ; see oOllan. 
odmi, i^ oulml 
ooldk, sb., can^ drinking vessei^ ^canikarusi 

voc 257. 
oolop, sb., cf O.Swed kollops ; collop^ mince- 

meat; coUoppe ^frixatura^ cardonaa'um' PR. 

P. 88; oolopea [coloppes] (pi.) Langl.^vL 

287. 
CKddr, sb., O.Fr. colour; Coiour; colour, 

Shor. 26; Will. 764; som colour of ri^te 

Ro& 313 ; colur Horn (L.) 16. 
ooldrin, v. O.Fr. colorer ; co/our^ PR. P. 88 ; 

ooloureth (Pres.) Gow. III. 139; oolonrld 

(Pple.) WiCL. GEN. XXX. 32 ; colored a. p. ii. 456. 
ocdpdn, sb., Fr. coupon ; shred; culpoun PR. P. 

108 ; oolpOna [culpbns] (//.) Ch. C. t. A 679; 

ciilpoQS Iw. 642. 
ocdt, sb., O.E. colt; coii, 'pultus: PR. P. 88; 

HOM. I. 3; Jul. s$; Ch. C. t. ^43263; 

LiDG. M. p. 255 ; hat colt leb. Jes. 798 ; fct 

colt AYENB. 185 ; i haddeal wei a ooltea (gen,) 

to^ Ch. C. t. /> 602 ; ooltis f5t coifs foot 

tussiiago LEBCHD. III. 319. 

ocdtiBOh, adj., coltish, Ch. C. t. E 1847. 
oolmnbiney sb., Fr, colombUie; columbine 

(plani\ SPEC 26. 
ocdunmeysb., OJ^r. columne; column^ pr. p. 

88. 
oolyer«y oolvre, see oulfre. 
cx>lward9 adj., 0,Fr. culvert; t perverse^ 

A. P. ii. 181 ; cf, oolvert. 
CX>lwen9 v., blacken with coal; oolwid (pple,) 

PR. P. SS; (h)i8 koUede snoute Horn (R.) 

X088. 



oolwie, adj., grim/f Horn (L.) 1094. 

oomaiidement, sb, OFr, 00-, commander 
ment ; commandment^ CR. C. T.D67; com« 
mandement bcisc. 33. 

oomandan^ ▼., OFr, co-, commander ; com^ 
mand; commaunde Gow. I. s; oomaunde 
(pres.) c L. 956. 
oomTnaiindtng, sb., commandment^ Gow. 

1.3. 

oomandour, sb., 0,Fr. comandeor, coman- 
<^pur ; commanderf PR. P. 88. 

comb, see oamb. 

oomtaranoe, sb., trouble, annoyance, D. Troy 

9169 ; combraunce a. p. ii. 3 ; DBP. K, iii. 

113 ; cumbraunce D. Troy 12076. 

oomtoreiiy v., OFr, oomhrer, J^om Lot, cumu- 
lus; encumber, annoy, to combren )« chirche 
PL. CR. 461 ; bit oombroa (pres,) uchone 
A. p. iL 1023 ; oumbred (pple,) entangled 
TRANS. XVIII. 28; cumbered £bc 483; ^t 
cumbered was wib parlesi M. H. 129 ; corn- 
bred Ch. Bobt. in. 10 (94) ; a. p. ii. 901. 

oomburmenty sb., tf. OF'r, encombrement ; 
encmnbrance, perplexity, Aus. 471, 7764. 

oombiiaty adj., Lot, combustus; burnt up 

(said of planets near the sun), Ch. Tro. iiL 

686 ; ASTR. ii. 4 (31). 
come, see oCbne* oomal, see mimaL 
001116II9 see dmnan. 
comende, v.. Lot, commend2re; commend, 

Lanol. Cxv. 35. 
oomdte, sb., Fr, comete ; Lot. comSta ; comet, 

La^ 17871 ; Rob. 416. 

oomin, see oamin. 
oominalt see eomonalta. 
oomlen, see otumlen. 

oommedif sb., OF'r. comedie, Gr. Km/a^fdla ; 
comedy. Trey. I. 315. 

oommencement, sb., 0,Fr. commencement ; 
commencement, m isc 3a 

oommendaoidn, sb., commendation, Gow. 
III. 145. 
oommiBsarie, sb., commissary, Langl. A ii. 

154. 
oommixeiif v., mix together. Pall. ii. 21, 

• •• 

HI. 3. 

oommixtioan, sb., Lot, commixtio, OSr, 
commistion; mixing together. Trey. II. 159. 

oommodiouB, adj., convenient. Pall. ii. 22. 

oommoeTen, v., 0,Fr, commovoir; excite, 

move ; eomm6ve)> (pres,) Ch. Tro. v. 1797 ; 

oommoevede (Pret,) Ch. Bobt. iii. 12 (107) ; 

oomm^ved (pple,) Gow. III. 205. 
oommoerlBge, sb., excitement, Ch. Bobt. 

iv (12). 
oommnn, adj., 0.^r.comun ;' common, ayenb. 

f\T; comun P. L. S. xvii. 404; conmiun 
comoun] c. BC 7176. 

oomtUi-liohe, adv., com$noniy, aybnb. 1454 



13© 



oommoni. 



oonoSlement. 



oommuni, v., O.Fr, communier; commune^ 
AYENB. I02 ; comune [comine] WiCL. PS. 
cxl. 4. 

ooznuner, ^,^ partaker; citiMen^lcL, I Pet. 
V. I ; TowNL. 210; oominersy members of 
town council^ £. G. 38a 

oonmninge, sb., participation ; public meet- 
ing'^ comeninge WiCL. i CoR. x. 16 ; £. G. 380. 

oommuniony sb., 0./>. cohimunion; (holy) 
communion^ PR. P. 89. 

oomonaltdy sb., 0,Fr, communally ; ann- 
monalty^ Mand. (H.) 54; cominalte WiCL. 
PROV. xxix. a*. 

oomp, see oamp. 

oompaoienty adj., comptusionateyiiCL. i Pet. 
111. 8. 

oompaignabley adj., O.Fr, compaignable ; 
sociable ; \y. r, companable, com-, cumpani- 
able] Ch. C. t. ^ i 194 ; Gener. 2260 ; PR. P. 
109. 

oompaigiiio» sb., O.Fr, com-, cumpaignie; 
company y Man. (F.) 3131 ; cumpaignie P. l. s. 
xiii. 185; companie MISC 138; cumpanie 
Will. 1124. 

oompainoan, sb., OF'r, compaignon; com- 
panton, ROB. 252. 

oompanige, sb., OJ*'r. companage; cmy- 
thing eaten with breads p. s. 240 ; WICL. S. W. 
I. 19. 

oomparery sb., t checking-clerk^ ayenb. 243. 

oomparisoiiy sb«, 0,Fr, compareson; com- 
farison^ Ch. C. T. B 846 ; comparisoun Boet. 
"• 7 (58); AYENB. 81. 

oomparisoimeny v., compare^ Wicl. Mk. iv. 
30; oomparisimeB ipres,) a. p. 11. 161 ; 
oompariBoun (imper!) we [* comparemus^ 
Wicl. i Macc. x. 71 ; oompariaound (pret) 
Ch. Boet. ii. 7 (58). 

compaSy sb., 0»Fr, compas ; compass ; cum- 
pas c L. 739 ; compas [cumpas] Ch. C. t. A 
1889; c M. 8797. 

oompassement, sb., contrivance^ stratagem^ 
Man (H.) 255 ; compacement Will. 1981. 

compassen, v., 0,Fr, compasser; compass, 
Langl. Cxxii. 241 ; oumpasaede (pret,) 
LEG. 12. 

oompaaainge, sb., boundary, R, r. 1349; 
contrivance Ch. h; f. 1 188 ; Ch. C. t. A 1996. 

oompaaaiony sb., OJFr. compassion; com^ 
passion, AYENB. I48 ; Ch. C. T. ^ i i 10. 

oompellexiy v., OJF'r, compeller; compel', 
oompellede (preti) Trey. IV. 95. 

oompenaen, v.,Za/. compensSre ; compensate, 
requite; oompenaed {Pfde^ Gow. I. 365. . 

oomper, sb., O.Fr. compair ; compeer, * com^ 
par,' PR. P. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 670 ; oompin 
(//.) Will. 370; cumpers misc. 212. 

cx>mpilatotir, sb., Fr. compilateur ; compiler, 

CH. ASTR. PROL. (2). 



oompilen, v., 0,Fr. compiler; compile ; com- 
piled {pple) Gow. III. 48. 

oompilonr, sb., compiler, Man. (H.) 6. 

oomplaintey sb., OJ^r. complainte; am- 
plaint, PR. P. 89; compleinte Gow. I. iii. 

oompleine, v., O.Fr, complaindre ; complain, 
Ch. C. t.^ 908 ; oompleignenda (ppU) Gow. 
I. 88. 

coznpleiningey sb., act of making a com' 
plaint, Gow. I. 327. 

oompldty adj., Lai, completus; complete, 
Wicl. s. w. I. 323. 

oomplexiounysb., OJ^r. complexion ; consti- 
tution of body,^ temperament, AYENB. 157; 
oompl6zi5na (//.) Gow. III. 97. 

oompU, sb., 0,Fr. complie ; oomplin Bek. 

2078; cumplie a. r. 24, 428; cumpelie 22. 
oompliey y., O.Fr, complir ; accomplish, Shor. 

100; j^/ oompliaaen. 

oompliny sb., last sen/ice of the day in monas- 
tic establishments, Ch. C. t. /380 ; cumpline 
^ compietorium ' PR. P. 109. 

oompliaaeny v., accomplish, Ch. Boet. iv. 
4 (124) ; Mer. I. li. 61 ; see oomplle. 
oompoaition, sb., OF'r. composicioun ; Gow. 

1.31- 
oompoune, v.. Lot, componere ; compose, put 
together, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 (87). 

oomprehendey v., Zo/.comprehendere ; com- 
prehend, Ch. C. t. E 223 ; pr. c 7463. 

oompte, sb., OJ^r, compte ; counting, r. r. 
5028. 

oompten, v., OJ^r. compter; count, Gow. 
111.31,44. 

oompunooidn, sb., O.Fr. compunction ; com- 
punction, Wicl. ps. iv. 5. 

oompunot, adj., LcU, compunctus; hating 

compunction, WiCL. DEEDS li. 37. 
oomaeny v., OF'r. co-, cumencer ; commence ; 

comse Will. 2244; oomaeth [cumse^j (pres.) 

Langl. ^ i. 128 ; cumseV Jul. 2. 

ooniBinge, sb., beginning, Will. 4868. 
oomuney sb., Fr. commune ; community, 
people, Langl. ^prol. 115; * commons,* 
food, Rob. 528. 

oomunetey sb., O.Fr, community; com-' 
munity, dep. R. iv. 41. 

oomfinliohey see under eommftn. 

001I9 see eaa. oonabill, see oovenable. 

oonand, see oonvonant. 

conoeity sb., notion, conception, *conceptuSf 

PR. P. 89 ; )ie word was liche to be conceipte 

Gow. I. 7 ; coiueitea (//.) Ch. Tro. iii. 755. 
oonceitate, sb., conception, Townl. 75. 
eonoeiTO, v., O.Fr. congoivre ; conceive, LEG. 

83 ; oonoeiTe)> (pres.) ayenb. 136. 
oonoeiTioge, oona^winge, sb., conceptum^ 

PR. p. 89; Wicl. gen. iii. 16. 

oonodlementy sb., concealment, Man. (H.) 297. 



oonoOeiL 



oonjeote. 



13* 



eopoglen, v^ O^r. concder; ctmceai; oon- 

oSled (i^/^.) Gow. II. 282. 
ocmoentrik, adj., O.Fr. concentrique ; con- 

€intru\ consentrik Ch. astr. i 17 (9). 

oonoepoiotin, sb., conception^ Shor. i 19. 
<Mmoienoe» see oonaoienoe. 

ocmoiliey sb., O.Fr. cuncilie, concile ; councii. 

Sax. chr. 254. 
cx>nol&ye, sb., Lai,^ O.Fr, cond&ve ; conclave^ 

Gow. I. 254. 

ocmoludeny v., conclude^ Ch. C. t. A 1358. 

cx>noltuddn, sb., O.Fr, conclusion; conclusion^ 
Gow. I. 23. 

ocmcordablay adj., Lot, coocord&bili»; agree- 
ingy Gow. I. 253, 361, III. 204. 

conoordaiinoey sb., O.Fr. concordance; 
agreemerU^ LiDG. M. P. 48. 

oonoordeny v., mak€ to- agree^ Ch. Tro. 
liL 1702. 

oonoabine, sb., OJ^r. concablne ; concubine^ 
Rob. 27 ; Ch. C. t. A 65a 

cx>noapi8oenoe9 sb., O.Fr. concupiscence; 
carnal desire^ Gow. III. 267, 285. 

ccmoarbitey sb., Lot. cucurbita ; flask used in 
distilling; oonourbitM (//.), Ch. C. T. G 794. 

condesoenden, v., O.Fr^ condescendre ; con- 
descend^ Ch. C. t. E 407; condecendre ayenb. 

157. 
oondioidny sb., O.Fr. condicion; condition^ 
AYENB. 173 ; condicioun Ch. C. t. A 38. 

cx>iidite9 v., from oonduit ; conduct^ Merl. 
I. il 50, lii. 577 ; oondlted (fret.) I. ii. 144. 

oonditoury sb., conductor^ Merl. III. 549. 

oondfiexiy v., O.Fr. condmr^from Lai. con- 
ducere; conduct \ coundue Gaw. 1991 ; oon- 
d&e)> (pres.) ayenb. 122; oondie (subj.) Man. 
(HO 182. 

conduit, sb., OJ^r. conduit ; conduit^ conduct^ 
Trev. IV. 365; condut RoB. 212; ayenb. 
202 ; cundut a. & n. 483 ; saf conduit safe- 
conduct Gow. II. 160; oondwis (//.) channels ^ 
ayenb. 91 ; condites Mand. 217 ; coundutes 
(carols) of krist masse Gaw. 1654. 

conestable, sb., O.Fr. conestable ; constable^ 
Hav. 2286 ; cunestable hom. I. 247 ; con- 
stable Rob. 538. 

oonestableBse, sb., constables wife^ Ch. C. t. 

-^539. 

oonfeooioun, sb., O.Fr. confeccion; pre- 
paration^ Trey. I. 221. 

oonlbderaoie, sb., LcU. confoederatio ; con- 

federacyy Ch. Boet. ii. 6 (53). 

ooDfermexiy v., O.Fr. confermer; confirm^ 
L. h. r. 27; confermi Bek. 481; AYENa 
121. 

ocmftmilxige, sb., confirmation^ Ro& 277; 
Shor. 13. 

v., O.Fr. confesser ; confess ; 
(pres.) Gow. I. 107. 

K 



oonllMsiotin, sb., 04Fr* confession ; con-^ 
fession^ Mand. 119. 

0(mf(AMoar, sb., confessor^ p. l. s. xii. i ; 

AYENB. 172; oonftnouni (//.) ayenb. 267; 

oonlbMdroii {dot. pi.) hom. I. 239. 
oonflrmaoidn, sb., OJ*'r. confirmacion ; con- 
firmallony Gqw. I. 258 ; Man. (H.) 209. 

oonflrmement, sb., O.Fr. confirmement ; 
confirmation f SUOR. 15. 

oonflty sb., O.Fr. confit ; preserve : dates in 
confite B. B. 167. 

oonfonde, v., O.Fr. confundre, -fondre ; con- 
foundy Marg. 173; confiindi SHOR. 112. 

oonforme, v., O.Fr, conformer; confornx, 
Gow. II. 106. 

oonfbirty sb., O.Fr. con-, cunfost; comfort^ 
H. M. 27 ; Will. 1408 ; cunfort hom. I. 185 ; 
kunfort [cumfort] A. R. 236 (t^. r. elne). 

oonlbrt-lte, adj., comfortless \ comforteles, 
coumfortles Gener. 987, 3075. 

oonfortable, 2Auhelpfuly comforting,GJLSZR. 
2212; comfortabill Hamp. tr. a. 

oonforteny v., O.Fr. conforter; strengthen^ 
comfort, Langl. Bu 201 ; conforti P. L. s. 
XV. 116; oonforted (pple.) Will. 380. 

oonf&s, adj., O.Fr. confus ; confused, Lanol. 
Bx. 136; confous Greg. 644. 

oonfasidn, sb., O.Fr. confusion; confusion, 
AYENB. 229 ; confusion [confusioun] Ch. C. iv 
c;23. 

oongeien, v., O.Fr. congier {congddier) ; bid 

farewell to, dismiss, Ch. Tro. v. 478 ; congeje 
Langl. A iii. 167 ; oongeide (pret.) Gow. 
II. 238. 

oongelatidn, sb., O.Fr. congelation; conge- 
lation (in alchemy), Gow. Hi 86. 

oong^leiiy v., O.Fr. congeler; congeal^, oon- 
g61ed (pple.) Gow. III. 86. 

oongexiy v.,«=oongelen» Mai^. (II.) 323. 

oongery sb., OJF'r, congre; conger; cunger 
voc 97 ; kunger p. L. s. xxxiv. 2. 

oongiey sb., OJFr. congi^ (cong/) ; farewell ; 
congeie La^gl. ^xiii. 202. 

oongrafflaii, v., cf. O.Fr, grafTe ; write down ; 
congrafiEbt (ppU.) C. L. 1055. 

oongmitd, sb., O.Fr. congruit^; concord, 
Gow. II. 90, III. 136. 

ooning, sb., O.Fr. connin; cony, rabbit, 
^cuniculus,* voc 177 ; Will. 182 ; ne koning 
ne hermine Misc 70; coning [coni] WiCL. 
LEV. xi. 5 ; cuni^ P. L. s. viii. 182 ; conig 
Min. viii. 75 ; cunin hom. II. 231 ; ooninges 
(pi.) Langl. B prol. 193 ; conies Ch. p. f. 

193. 
ooningeret sb., rabbit burrow, wasren ; con- 

ningere ' cunicularium* PR. P. 90; oemlngerUi 

(pi.) Lidg. m. p. 174. 
oonjeote, v., Lat^ conjecture; conjecture, 

guess. WiCL. £z. XXL 19; ooi^Jeete (pres.) 

Ch4 Boet. i. 6 (27). 

% 



13a 



oonjeote. 



oontemplaoidiL 



oonieat&n, sb^ dhnner, WiCL. xxiii. 7. 
ooivleotinge, sb., divinatton : he ahal take 
coajectinge or suspicioun WiCL. Ez. xxi. 19. 

oonjoigneny v., OJFr. conjoindre, mod^Eng. 
conjoin ; join together ; ooi^oigifteiii {ffts. 
subj.) Ch. Bobt. iii. 10 (92). 

oonjointy pplc, joined together^ Gow. III. 
loi, 127. 

ooi^oixiixige [ooDjoigninge], sb^ conjoin- 
ing^ Ch. C. t. ^95. 

ooigdn, oongeoxiy sb., dwarf, pr. p. 90; 
conjoun ayenb. 76; conjoun (printed 
coinoun) Alis. 17 18; congioun dep. K. iii. 45. 

OOtdunooidn, sb^ conjunction (in astronomy)^ 
Ch. astr. ii. 3a (41) ; Gow. III. 67. 

OOidurey sbf conjuration^ fnagic^ Gow. II. 
247. 

ooi^urey v., OJ^r. conjorer; conjure, Ch. 
Ct.B 1834 ; ooi^Jtbrede (pret,) BsK. 2313. 

ooojiureedny sb.» OJ^r. coniureison; con- 
fpiracys enckantment, Fl. & jBl. 312 ; con- 
juradoun CR. BoBT. L 4 (x8). 

oenTifii see ounnwi. 

oomirUffte, ▼., OJ^r. conqverre; conquer. Fer. 
537; Man. (F.) 3137; ounoweari (pres.) 

H. M. 33. 

oonqiierotiry sb., OJFr. conqyereur; con- 
queror, p. s. 250; Ch. C. t. a 862. 

cxmquaBtey sb., OJ^'r. conqveste; conquest, 

Shor. 148 ; Man. (F.) 4599. 
oonquestaiit v., OJ'^r, conquester; c^uer; 

oon<iaest {pfiie.) A. P. ii. 1304. 

oonrai, sb., O.Fr. conroi; pro%tision, c. M. 
11513 ; conrei {troop) Man. (H.) 304. 

OOii80ienoe» sb., OJ^r. consdtnce; con- 
science, A. R. 306 ; concience (consciousness) 
Gaw. 1 194. 

oonseily sb., 0,Fr. con*, cunseil ; counsel^ La^ 
2324*; Misc 26; Rob. 48; HoccL. 1. 70; 

consail Bek. 881 ; cunsail L. N. P. 217 ; coun- 
sail A. R. 70 ; PR. c 5943. 

oonseilere^ sb., O.Fr, conseller; counsellor, 
Man. (H.) 54; l. n. f. 216; kunsiler a. r. 
410; oounsellora (//.) Gow. II. 223; coun- 
sellers Mer. iii. 37. 

oonaeille, v., 0,Fr, conseillier; counsel^ 
Langl. ^ prol. X15; Ch. C. t. />66; 
conseiH Rob. 214. 

oonseoraoioun, sb., OJ^r, consecration ; con- 
secration, APOL. 48. 

oonsence, sb., 0,Fr. con sense, kunsence; 

consent, A. R. 288. 
oonsentementy sb., OJ^r. consentement ? 

consent, ayenb. ii, 19. 

oonsenten^ v., 0»Fr, con-, cunsentir ; consent^ 
kunsenten a. R. 272 ; consent Gow. II. 95 ; 
consentede (Pret,) Bek. 187 1. 

oonsentinge, sbi, consenting, ayenb. 117, 
176. 



oonaequent, sb., consequence^ inference^ Ch. 
BOET. iii. 9 (84). 

oonaerre, sh,, preservation, Gow. III. 22, 86. 

bonflerTen, v., O.Fr. conserver; keep, Ch. 
Tro. v. 309. 

oonaiderstidn, sb.. OJ^'r. consideration; con- 
sideration, Gow. III. 178. f 

oonsistorie, sb., OJ^r. consistorie ; consistory^ 
Langl. B ii. 177 ; constorie A iiL 32. 

oonaonans, sb., consonant, p. l. s. xxxiv. 3. 

oontpiraoiey sb., conspiraty. Trey. III. 33 ; 
Ch. C. t. C 149. 

oontpiraoioiLny sb., O.Fr. conspiradon ; con- 
spiracy, WiCL. 2 PARAL. xsdiL 24; oon- 
8piraoi5ns (pi,) ayenb. 23. 

ooDflpire, v., OJFr. consplrer ; conspire, Gow. 
I. 232. 

ooimpirement, sb., conspiracy, Gow. 1. 216. 

oonstanoe^ sb., OJFr. Constance; constasuy, 

AYENB. 167. 

oonstellaoion, sb., 0,Fr. consteiladon ; con- 
stellation, Ch. C. t. a 1088. 

constituoion, sb., OJ^r. constitution ; consti- 
tution, Gow. II. 75. 

ooDBtotie, see oonsUrtorie. 

ooxwtreiiiin, v., OJ^r. Constraindre ; con- 
strain^ PR. P. 91 ; constreinen Mand. 188 ; 
oonstreined (ppie,) Ch. Boet. iii. 2 (97). 

constreinery sb., overseer of workmen; 
constreinen (//.) WiCL. ex. v. 6. 

oonetreigniDff-liy adv., WiCL. i Pet. v. 2. 

oonBtreintey sb., constraint, Ch. Tro. iv. 741. 

oonstraocion, sb., O.Fr. construction; con- 
struction, PR. p. 91. 

oonstrtiin, v., Fr» construire ; construe, PR. P. 
91 ; construe Langl. A iv. 133. 

ooimuetude, sb.. Lot. consuetudo; custom, 

WiCL. I KINGS XX. 25. 

oonsol, sb., OJFr, consul; consul. Trey. I. 
239. 

ooiuriixnanf v., Fr, consumer; consume; eon- 
sOmed (ppte^ WiCL. gen. xli. 36. 

ooneompt, adj.. Lot. consumptus ; consumed, 
Ch. Boet. (60). 

contao, sb., contest, strife, ayenb. 15 ; contak 

s. s. (Wr.) 1718 ; contek Rob. 90. 
oontaoki, v., debate, strive, ayenb. 57 ; oon- 

teokede (pret.) P. l. s. xiii. 310. 

oontd, sb., O.Fr. cont^, comtat ; county; counte 
Langl. ^ii. 85; oountds (//.) I^an. (H.) 

133- 
conteini, v., Fr. contenir ; contain, Rob. 547 ; 

oonieined (pple.) Mand. i. 
contekotir, sb., debater, £. G. 4 ; conteokours 

(//.) Bek. 196. 

oontemplaoion, sb., OJ*'r. contemp^acion ; 
contemplation, ayenb. 204; contemplaciun 
A. R. 142. 



>33 




IL7, 14. 

p. 91; nwiiimic Laskgl. Bm. 59; 
AVOI. 13; eootlaiiid (/nriL) Trsv. L 73. 

T^ LmU oootBibftre 
(>i^) Gow. 1. 49^ 

adj., O^r. contiaire; %ww m *wmw^y 
MISC. jo; ATESffB. 1 j6; coocnre (jA.) a. p. n. 
3; OQBCnire Gow. L ss. 

adv., APOL. loi. 

eontnrioafl, adj., ^ /fldl cmtnri58o; 

iyw7, pm.P.91; ATSlfB^38; co o tr an os msc 

sa8; PK.a 1414. 
0€ Wtfmit» sis «0«friad; Shor. 6s. 



La).i3S3^; MANIX244; contre [cmitre] Ch. 
C T. ^ 316; contre WILL. 6. 
ecxiti^maii, sbiv «Moiiy7M«t; oontni- 
BMB (jA/L) p. L. s. ziL 56. 

ttbwma ; ceminvmtug^ MAN (H.) 334. 
eontriniant six, O^r. contridiin ; ^MiMtfm, 

Langl. B zL 13a I 

oo n trdTen, t., O.Ar. controrer; «p«lriW; 

contreove, contreve Man. (F.) 7I46> 89^; 

contreve Langl.^x. 19 ; oontadrM Otm.) 

PR. c 1561. 
oontabemialt adj., LmL omtabernilis ; 

having the same dweliingi humble folk ben 

Cristes firendes; thei ben contabemial [mL 

Morris contumiallij with the Lord Cu. C. T. 

/76a 
oontoinelie, sb^ O.Fr. contnmelie; cm- 

iumefyf Cu. C. T. / 556. 
ooiiTeie, v., OJ^r. conveier ; c&mvty; mccom-^ 

patty^ Will. 5111 ; Man. (F.) I3123- 
oottTMiantv oorenant, sb., OJFr. co-, con> 

▼cnaot; cmumtmt^ Ro& I79b i35 ; covenant, 






,w««wteP&xv. 4. 
ab^ OAK 
Wkt. 1 PARAL zin. a ; sens IL 11. 

ab^ O^. CQWienMiiMi ; 
0fi^ ATsn. 9^ 341. 

T.» OAK cMvcner; ^ml «w> 

IL 5S; cM i ^ te TltBT. V. 445. 

BOKT. L 4 (19); Wku 1 Cor. m. 34; co^ 
vkie [ooRviciad] Wlcu Dax. xnL 61. 
O0^sb^, a£:ooppv*t>J^>u.ko|K OUV kop^» 
0^.(7. dnpli ; smmumi^ htmi^ P. & 70; rbu 
L 144: ha tnrea cop La). 77S1 ; fe cop oT 
\t hiOe Maxsl 17 ; ooppa sgUtS Ch« h. p« 
1166; Partsn. 5911; bi \t coppe be bioa 
nam La|. 684^; from yt tores coppe a. r. 
338; oqk«b<>L)Trit. IIL451; yecopps 
of ^ biOis WiCL. GIN. Tm. 5. 

odpia* sb^«*a£.(;. cdpa» OJiJG. cboopba; 
«Mgl; coop *c^^ybtt'(Kv^)TOC. 178;. 



o6p«ii» Tn/itf «« M# o^ Langl. Cxa. aSS ; 
e6i«^ (>rcr.) B'xL 143 ; o8pUb (>rf^ pL\ 
340; eapad («4^) Cir, 38. 



ooper, sbs O.f. copor (LiscHD. IIL i6>,>«M 

£4i<. conrom; €$ fp§r^ Trkv. L 361; Ch. 

Ct. GS39W 
oopOTtei^ oop^rtBf sbi, O^Fr* cooperon; 

^rmmtmaU m ike Hd 0/ m vetsti, ^i^iHhnm: 

PR. p. 91 ; oopaitNiiMa (pL) a. P. ii. 1461 ; 

copioones Gaw. 796w 
00!pag6— » ^ /K cooperoae^ wtmLE^g. cop> 

peras ; tm^mtt efce pp er ^ PR. P. 91. 
copftil» see umi kv copps. 
oqpi(e), sbs /n oopie; €»py^ Man. (H.) 393; 

PR. p. 93; {mh m nd ancf ) Trkv. I. 301. 

oopiin, ▼., /K copier; ay(tr> fr. p. 9s. 
ocypiouR, adi, O^r. (Frtm,) copiOa ; oytotrr , 
PR. p. 93 ; TRXv. 1. 399. 

0(q^ Mr oouptow 

oc^makftr, see 

oopniaii (^ odpnian), v., femetii teHfimgfy\ 

ich copni ^ come Marh. 3I ; oopnio (>rvJ*) 

Kath. 803 ; copne^ 3378. 
ooponara (Fo6p«nara), sb., OJS. copenere ; 

lever^ Trbv. II. 199; copenere [copinere] o. 

& N. 1343; copinere misc. 150; KOB. 335; 

copiner S. & (Web.) 3335. 
ocyppa, sb., «« MJ)m. koppe, £.(7. kobbe ; 

spitUr, MiRC 1937; (fprmted loppe) Cu. 

ASTR. i. 3 (4) ; timp attar-ooppa. 
oop-wabb sb^ iohnh^ Trbv, VII. 343* 



134 



ooppe. 



oorrapoi6iL 



ooppe, see touppe. 

oopped, adjk, frotn oop ; having a crest : 
coppid as a lark Halliw. 269. 

oops, see oosp. 

oorftge, sb., OiFr, corage; courage^ ayenb. 
164; Man. (F.) 5384. 

ooragenSy adj., 0,Fr, corageus; courageous, 
Rob. 359. 

ooral, sb., OJ^r. coral; coral, spec. 25; Ch. 

C. T. ^40G|9. 

dorbel, sb., 0,F, corbel, corbeil ; raven ; cor- 
bial A. P.ii. 456; oorbelea {gen,) Gaw. 1355. 

oorbety sb., 0»Fr, corbet ; some architectural 
ornament, f corbel \ oorbete [corbettes] (//.) 
Gh. h. f. 1304. 

oorbin, sb., O.Fr. corbin {corbeau); raven, 
a. r. 84 ; c m. 3332 ; corbun [corboun] c. M. 
1892. 

oorde, 0./r. corde; cord, p. l. s. xviii. 165 ; 
AYENB. 58 ; Ch. C. T. A 1746 ; bindc him . . . 
wi^ strong oorden (//.) p. l. s. xx. 68. 

oorden, v., accord, agree, Ch. C. t. (W.) 
17142 ; [accorde, acorde //208]. 

oordioustd, sb., courageousness, WiCL. ps. 
liv. 9. 

oorduaner, sb., 0,Fr. cordouanier; cord- 
wainer, shoemaker, PR. P. 92. 

oordwane, sb., OJFr. cordouan ; cordovan 
leather, PR. P. 93. 

c6re, sb., O.Fr. cocr ; core {of fruit) ; ' aruta^ 
PR. P. 93 ; LiDG. M. p. 43 ; SACR. 757 ; korc 
REL. If. 79. 

oorfeu, sb., 0,Fr, covrefeu, cuevrefu ; curfew, 
Ch. C. t. a 3645 ; corfu s. s. (Web.) 1429. 

ooriandre, ooliaundre, sb., 0,Fr. cori- 
andre ; coriander, WiCL. exod. xvi. 31. 

[oorien, v^^O.N,G, cordn, choron, M.Du, 

coren ; taste ; comf, a-oorien.] 
oorionr, [ourionr], sb., OJ^r, conreeur ; cur- 

rier, WiCL. deeds ix. 43 ; coriowre PR. P. 93. 

ooriun, sb., a musiccU instrument, La). 7002. 

cxsrk, s\),,^M.Du, kork; cork, ^ suberies, cor- 
tex^ PR. p. 93. 

cork-bark, sb., ^cortex* PR. p. 93. 

cork-trfi, sb., * suberies,* PR. p. 93. 
oorkes, sb. pi., [f misreading for toskes] ; 
/ tusks ; grassed as a mereswine wi)> corkes 
fuUe huge d. Arth. 1090. 

cxsrleu, sb., Fr. corlteu ; curlew, Langl. B 
xiv. 43 ; curlew WiCL. PS. civ. 4a 

cormorauiit, sb., />. cormoran ; cormorant, 
WiCL. lev. xi. 18. 

oom, sb., O.E. com,^ 0,L,G. com, 0,Fns., 
OJV. kom, 0,H,G, chom, Goth, kaum ; com, 
grain, Orm. 1500 ; O. & n. 1 126 ; Shor. 32 ; 
HAV.699; P.S.342; acorn Jul. 79; )>etcom 
me de¥ in to gemer hom. 1 . 85 ; heo freten ^t 
com and ^t graes Laj. 3905 ; fet com ayenb. 
140; kom, korcn Hay. 1167, 1879; coren 



gen. & ex. 2134, 2237 ; oome (//.) Ch. 
H. F. 698 ; comes PR. c 3420 ; conkp, barli-, 
hw^te-oom. 

corn-dr, sb., eca^ of com ; 00m eres {//.) 
Trey. II. 305. 

oom-lond, sh., corn-land. Trey. 1 1.. 43. 

oom-stak, sb., stack of com ; oomstakkes 
(pL) Man. (F.) 1469a 

com, sb., (9.£'.com (leechd. III. 62), tOJFr. 
com ; corn ion the foot), PR. p. 93. 

oomardie, sb., OJFr, comardie; deception, 
AYENB. 130. 

oomemuse, sb., Fr, comemuse; bagpipe, 
Ch. h. f. 1218; Gow. III. 358 ; r. r. 4350; 
cormuse PR. P. 93. 

oomer, sb., O.Fr, cornier; comer, Mand. 
217; oomieres (//.) ayenb. 124. 

oofneredy adj., cornered, having comers. 
Trey. 1. 179, 305. 

oomet, sb., OiFr, comet ; from 00m ; comet 
(wind instrument), Octoy. (W.) 1069, 1189. 
comi, sb., corny, Ch. C. t. C315. 

oomiculdre, sb., Lat, comicularius (a Roman 
official) ; Ch. C. T. G 369. 

Cromwaile, pr. n., Cornwall, LA3. 2246; 
Hay. 178. 

corolarie, sb., Fr, coroUaire, Ital, corolULrio ; 
corollary, Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (91). 

ooronaoidn, sb., coronation, pr. p. 93. 

ooronal, sb., from Lat. coronalis (adj,)\ 
diadem, WiCL. JUD. xvi. 10; coronall 
Gow. II. 46 ; curonalle ant. Ar. 3dix ; corou- 
i^ point of a lance Rich. 6218; comall B. 
DISC 929, 1603 ; ooronales (//.) Mand. 209. 

corone, see oxiine. 

coroner, sb., coroner ; coronera (//.) £. G. 

350. 

oorofiif, adj. & sb., corrosive, Ch. C. t. G 853 ; 
oorsios (//.) A. p. ii. 1034. 

oorour, sb., O.Fr, coreor ; courier, WiCL. Job 
ix.25. 

oorporal, sb., Fr, corporal ; corporal (altar- 
cloth) ; oorporeals (//.) hom. II. 163. 
corps, see oors, 
correccion, sb., correction, pr. c. 9594. 

correcte, y„from Lat. correctus ipple,) ; cor- 
rect, PR. c. 9595 ; corette dep. R. prol. 59 ; 
oorretted (f^fie.) Ch. C. D66, 

correpcionn, sb.. Lot. correptio; rebuke, 
WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 16. 

corrin, sb., Lat. corona; f tonsure; ^e holi 
monkes wi^ ^ur corrin rel. II. 175. 

comunpe, v., O.Fr, corrumpre (corrompre) ; 
destroy, defile, become corrupt, WiCL. Hos. ii. 
12; Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (96); oorompen (pres,) 
Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (98); oorrumped (pple.) 
PR. c. 2558. 

corrupoidn,8b., 0./>.cormption ; corruption^ 
AYEN& 227 ; comipcioun Trey. V. 155. 



oovrupt. 



oostrelle. 



135 



oarrapty adj^ iMt. cormptos; torrupi^ Gow. 
I. 34 ; conipt aybnb. 82. 
oo(r)raiiteii, v^ corrupt^ WiCL. 2 CoR. iv. 16. 

06ra, sb., OJ^r, oors; body; corpse; AiAS, 2195 ; 
Gaw. 1237; WiCL. GEN. xxiii. 3; fct cors 
Misa 28 ; ded cors Man. (F.) 4492 ; corps 
[cors] Langl. ^xv. 23 ; Ch. C. t. ^519; 
corps Shor. 88 ; oors (//.) Ro& 154* 

ooniy see curs and oours. 

oomainty sb., />. corps saint; a holy body^ 
rtUc of a saint, Langl. Cviii. 177 ; ^ v. 539 ; 

DREAM 941 ; £. G. 97 ; D. ARTH. II64. 

Mner^ sb., horse dealer^ Ocrov. (W.) 818 ; 
coresiir E. T. 977 ; cosir ' mango* VOC 
(W.W.) 684. 

ooneriey sb., {horsedealing), cheating trade, 
WiCL. s. w. III. 283 ; cosen d. Arth. 1582. 

ooilraete, sb., OJ^r. corset; under^garment, 
^ventrale^ voc. 259 ; corsette Trev. II. 361. 

ootrsieSy see ooroidfl 

ooraingy sb., dishonest tradings if. H. 139. 

oorty oorteis, see ourt^ ourtels. 

oartin, sb., 0./>. cortine ; curtain^ Gaw. i i 85 ; 
curtin Ch. Tro. iiL 10 ; curtine Ch. C. t. D 
1249 ; oortinea (//.) Will. 2055. 

ooirtinedf adj., curtained^ Gaw. 1181; Alis. 
1027. 

oonunpable, adj., corruptible^ Cu. C. T. A 
301a 

oofrfme^ see ortLne. 

oomree^ sb., Fr. corvee; forced labour; 

ooTFeea (printed tomees) (//.) AYENa 38. 
oomresera^ oofryisers, sb. pL, OJFr. corvoi- 

sier; shoemakers , £. G. 371, 384. 

OOB9 sb., 0£. coss,«aA^. koss, OJ^ris, kos, 

OX,G, cos, cus, OM.G, chus, cus ; kiss, WiCL. 

GEN. xxvii. 26 ; AUD. 60; ^s cos A. R. 102 ; 

cos of pes Jul. 74 ; cos of pees Trev. V. 

215; cus PR. p. Ill ; H. V. 12 ; kus HOCCL. 

i. 155; ooMO {dot.) Mjsa.42; rel. I. 29; 

ooMea (pL) a. r. 102 ; kosses Will. 101 i ; 

ooaaen {dat,pl.) La). 30452. 
ooeohe, sb., hut, * tugurium,' pr. p. 94. 
oofluiy 0,Fr. cosin ; cousin, Horn (L.) 1444 ; 

Rob. 38 ; Man. (F.) 4753. 
ootinftge^ sb., O.Fr. cosinage; cousinship, 

Ch. C. t. B 1329 ; MiRC 168. 
ooaine, sb., O.Fr. cosine ; female cousin, Rob. 

330 ; Will. 602. 

[008P9 sb., 0>E, cosp, cops ; fetters cofnp. 
15t-, hand% sweor-cops.] • 

OOBt» sb., 0,E, cost (manner)^ O J/, kostr, 
O.^.Cx. chost, Goth, kustus m, (doci/i^) ; from 
ohdoaen; choice, quality, manner, Gaw. 546; 
Langl. (Wr.) 1491 ; ^r naes cost nan o¥er 
LA3. 1 8 166 ; knewen he nogt %is dewes cost 
GEN. & ex. 3327 ; nSdea ooates necessarily 
Angl. III. 61 ; ARCH. LI I. 33; ^ king ^t 
kinde was of coste c M. 8179; ooates (//.) 
HOM. L 29; Shor. 10; ic h. 147; son sum 



ic was waxen man ki flaeh i duldes costes 
Orm. 8056; \$e culver have% costes gode 
rel. 1. 226 ; costus Degr. 364 ;. we ne ma|en 
aire coste halden crist(es) bibode HOM. I. 21 ; 
nawiht heo nusten of beore vare costen [coste J 
La). 31914 ; comp. flur-, c»r-, un-ooat. 
008t| sb., Lat. costus ; a herb, PR. P. 94. 

008t» sb., OJ^r. coust, cf MJ>u^ M.H.G. 
kost ; cost, expanse, Ro& 33 ; P. 40; LiDO. M. P. 
208; hver lite profit lij^ and moche cost 
AYENB. 83 ; upe his coust Marg. 281 ; bi 
lives coste Marh. 7 ; at min oune coste Ch. 
C. T. A 804; ooataa (pi.) HoccL. i. 362 ; 
costis [' impnuas '] WiCL. 2 paral. viii. 16. 
ooat-Ail, adj., expensive, gen. & ex. 3878 ; 
ooat-Tolle.(/^) AYENB. 229. 

oo«t-l0wey adj., costly, * sumptuosus,* PR. P. 
95 ; Trev. IV. 213 ; Ch. C. t. /418. 

OOfltAgOy sb., OJ^r. costage; expense, ROB. 
391 ; Ch. C. t. B 1562. 

oo8tard» sb., costard (apple), * quirianum^* 

PR. P. 94* 
ooste^ sb., O.Fr. coste, Lat. costa ; coast, Gow. 

IlL 2q6 ; Tor. 1419; ^i knew(e) iul wel ^ 

cost(e) (jygion) Fer. 1552; ooataa (//.) 

Langl. B u. 85. 

coetaieiif v., OJ*'r. costeer ; coast, go by the 
side of \ ooBtes (pres,) Gaw. 1695 ; ooctai- 
ing (pple.) R. R. 132 ; costinge Mand. 127. 

oo0ten, v., OF'r, QO}isXtx,from Lat. constftre ; 
cf. M.Du., M.H.G. kosten, O.N. kosta ; cost, 
expend : he schal costen ^ ful deore c. u 
1092 ; oo0ti)> (pres.) LiDG. M. P. 152 ; ooata 
Vimpende^\ WiCL. deeds xxi. 24; coata 
\pret.) Ch. C. t. a 1908; and ^et wolde i 
swere ^at it coste me moche more Langl. 
B xiii. 383 ; if ^u have o^t on hur ooat (PpU.) 
(expended) AV. Arth. xxviii. 

ooater^ sb., medLat. coster ; curtain, tapestry; 
coostre ' subauleum ' pr. p. 94 ; ooaterdea 

(//.) SQ. L. DEG. 833. 

ooBteYOUBy adj., O.Fr. costeous; expensive, 
WicL. 2 paral. XXXV. 24 ; costius D. Troy 
3777 ; costuous ' sumptuosus ' PR. P. 95 ; 

AYENB. 228. 

oostnien, v., O.E. costnian; try, tempt: bute 
he iooataed (ppie.) weoren (r. weore) ^e 
inne compe La). 24669. 

ooataunga, sb., O.E. costnung; temptation, 
Mk. iv. 17 ; ne led us noht in to ooataunga 
(//.) HOM. I. 67. 

oostnienyV.,— oosten; cost, expend; ooatae)> 
(pres.) AYENB. 75 ; ooatnede (pret.) a. r. 
290; AYENB. 145; hii costnede Rob. 390; 

t>u3 it hadde ooatned (Pple.) me catel 
ANGL. (Wr.) 406. 

ooatningey . sb., expense : mid his a^ere 
costninge LA3. 22547; costnigge aybnb. 
151. 

ooatrelle, sb., large bottle, voc 176; PR. P« 
95 ; Ch. l. g. w. 2664. 



OOBtnxiM, ib^ OJ^r. ciuttBDc: auiom', cot- 
tome xbl. 1. 131 (hom. II. ii); P.L.s.xTii. 
304 ; kustume Hisc 47 ; custome 39. 
oot, o6t0, >b., O.E. cot H^ cote, ef. MX.G. kote 
/. M., hut, O.N. kot ft., MJ>u. kot n., kote 
/.; cit,cott^gt,IUit\ cot 'e«//a'niAC.4; mene 
mei nout wit aten iwink a lutel kot ucren A. R. 
363 ; sef>^ i ... cot hade to kepe P. S. 153 
(A. 0.104); cote ' Aua ' vex;. 373 ; HAr.737; 
e6t« (dai.) Co. C. t. A 3457 ; cotcn Mat. 
XXL 13 ; o6tM [pL) Lamol. £ viil 16 ; Wici. 
WI8D. xi. 3 ; to^. a»lt-, aoUp-, >win-fl6ts. 

oot-UA sb., af. cotM (Sax. cbr. 136), a.V. 
kotUG ; tottKgt, dwtUi»g : wo ia him ^at nvel 
frifbriiige>tohucotlifRSi.I. I78(ifisc.ii8). 
OOUgei sb., O^r. cotage ; coUagt, VOC. 333 ; 

CH. C. T. B 401X 
o6t«, ib, O^r. cote, cotte, cf. OJf.G. cow, 
cono; am/, '/MMfio,' VOC.338; Gow. II.47; 
GaW. 153; cote [coote] CH. C. T. A 103; 
WlCL. GKN, xxzvit. 3. 
00:«, OOOU, ab., Du. koet; cwl, 'mtrgus^ 
VOC l&^ 353; ' mtrgut, Juliea' PR. ?. 951 

['iWiM*^] wtCL. LBV. xi. 16; a balled cote 
VOC i6j. 
odto-umnre, sb., cf. O.Fr. cote a aimuro; 

teat of arms ; a cote annure Ch. H. r. 1336; 

Gaw. 586 ; PR. P. 95 ; Ch. C. T. A 1016 ; 

cote armuT Tro. v, 1665. 
ootelar, ib., OJ'r. coutclier; aitlir, Pr. p. 96 ; 

BKR.3396. 
odten, v., MO/, pnvid* vith teats \ o6t«i> 

(yrer.) Langl. A Hi. 138. 
OOtUUan, adj., O.Fr. cotidian, front IM. 

cotldianiu; daily, Gow. II. iia; » fever 

cotidiene PR. 0.3987; ootltU«i(M.) 
fivtr R. R. 3401. 
OOtier, sb^ OJ'r. cotier; tetUtr; ootlen (//.) 

Langl. Cx. 97. 
oototm, Bb., (?./>-. coton ; oulfM, Hand.3I3: 

coton, coton pr. p. 96. 
OBV»i lb., 0£. cf^u; tUteait: coVe oVer 

qvalm Hou. II. 177; cobe Alex. 3815 

cothe ' lyna^ ' pr. p. 96 ; Towhu 31. 
ooa, set oO. 
ocnurd, ab. 4«tf adj., OJ''r. cturd, couard , 

cmtiurtfjH.H. 138(140); coward (v. r.kouatdj 

Rob. 385 ; AliS. 3108 ; cueard A. R. 388*. 
oouftrd-U, adv., cowardfy, WiCL. 3. w. I. 

193 ; Will. 3336 ; a. p. ii. 1629. 
OoiurdCIlt v^ OJ^r. coarder ; tow, ttrrify \ 

oowafdl^ (pns^ Aus. 3344. 
OOOSrdiOt ■b-i O.Fr. couardie; eowarJice, 

Ch. C. t. A r!y>. 
oouaxdiat, sb., <?.Fr. coiurdise ; cowardur, 

Cu. Tro. V. 41s. 
OOaah«,ab.,t?.^r.coDche; amch, bedtkaimitr, 

AYKNB.171; Gow.II.133; entre into ^i couche 

['cv^^cv/mH'JWicu AlAT.vi6; cowdie(d!m 

ef a bear) av. Arth. xii. 



ooopare. 

ocnufliear, sb., jtwtiUr^ a Troy i 597. 
ooaohin, v., OJ^r. colder, colchier, coudute; 

U^, ley dovmj plat* togtthtrj lit d^wn; 

'collwo; PR. P. 96; oontdild l^lt.) lUSC. 

317 ; kouchid Will. 3340^ 
oonftl, jM ouvaL 
Ooogh, sb., ■■ MJ3ti. knch; cough, *ltusu} 

PR. P. 97; Pall. viiL 133; coiq [koujbe] 

Trbv. IV. 387 ; oougbe [cogbe} Ch. C. t. 

E 1957. 
oongben [oogbsa], v., — M-Du. kucben, 

MJi.G. kachen; cough, Cu. C T. £3308; 

coughen, couhin ' tussio ' pr, p. 97 ; oouw* 

(^nu.) RRI- II. 311; coghi^ Flor. 348; 

koslia(/Mf)«r.)MiRc89i;aoulisde[cougbed] 

(trtt.) Langl. A v. aoj ; coughed, kouhed 

Trkv. IL 195. 
OOiU,ab.,rA/://'.akobel ; leatlU-fitM, 'sagist- 

ariutH,' PR. P. 97 ; ttt OUTOL 
ootUte, ut avUto. ooQine, st* oumbe. 
oonnte, sb., O.Fr. conte, cunte: attoufU, 

Man. (H.) 136L 



oonntiii, v„ OJ'r. cunter; awm/, 'eotnpute,' 

PR. p. 98 ; eounto^ iprtt.) Langl. A iii. 137 ; 

countea A. P. a. 16:85 ; oonnted (^It.) a. p. 

ii. 1730- 
oountoor [<Knuiter],ab.,/r.comptoir; mkiU- 

ing-houte, Ch. C. t. B 1403. 
oonntonir', sb., O.Fr. conteor; ealcula/er; 

cowDtere, counter ' comfiufalor ' PR. P. 98, 99 ; 

countour (trtasurtr) Roa 538. 
OOQUtoor*, sb.. counttr ; gold and vlver and 

oountonra {pi.) Ricu. 1939. 
oounti«tiMetSb.,ViMi'/aA«H,fVH«/<n:;At/,MAND. 

318; countirfete ^tonfbrmaU' PR. P. 99. 
oonntrenten, v., ff>MMi!«:;fSrtV; coatrefeten Ca. 

BOKT.v, 6(173). 
oountrepeiR, sb., amnttrpoise; countirpds, 

comiterpois PR. P. 99. 
oountrepeise, v., OJ>.contrepeaer; counttr- 

poist, Ch. Tro. iii. 1357 ; counterpese Gow. 

ill. 135; oountwpeiMd (^U.) Gow. IIL 

190. 
oonntrepUten, v., pUad against ; oountre- 

pUtod ippU.) Ch. I. G. W. 475. 
ooimtrevulen, v., OJ^'r. contrevaloir ; pn- 

vail ogaiHif ; canirevaite Gow, I. 38; ooun- 

trvvaJleth (pres.) 370. 
oountre-, ooaiiterw«iten, 1., bt on onis 

guard against, Ch. C. t. B 3509. 
ootmtrin, v-i^-enoontmi: harmonist; tn- 

counttr: cowntiin in aonge 'occtnto'' PR. P. 

g; i wiUe countur {tntounttr, cemial) wi)i ^e 
ijte ANT. Arth. 36 ; oounbrad (prtt.), wi> 
Serle of Kent bei countred M Medeweie 
AN. (H.) 38. 

OOupftble, adj., OFr. coupable; cuipaiU, 
Langl. B xvii. 30a 
oonpw*, sb., eooptr, • cuparius,' PR. P. 99. 



ooupe. 



cradeL 



137 



ocmpe, sb^ OJFr, cope, coape ; cupy drinking 
vessel, ^eraUrf PR. P. 99; Rob. 118; mid 
gUdcne coupe (first text bolle) La). 24612* ; 
a coupe wi^ win sche hadde in hande BiIan. 
(F-) 7563 ; ooupwi (//.) AYBNB. 35 ; (COupes 
of dene golde Lamgl. A iii. 22. 

ocmpe, sb., 0,Fr. coVpt^ from Lai. culpa; 

fiiulty sin^ guilty Langl. Bw, 305. 

cx>ap6, sb.,?"BOupe; coop for poultry^ rsl. 
1.4. 

ooapen, v., fFr. couper ; siashy siit; coupes 
(j6res.) p. Arth. 798 ; oouped (ppie.) shon 
TOR. 193 ; galocbes icouped Langl. B xviii 
14. 

ooupoiifV., O.A^.kaupa; x// ohAapiem ; dtiy; 
coupe Hay. 1800 ; copen LiDG. M. P. 105. 

couple, sb., OjFr. cou^de, cople; ample^ 
LEG. 70; Langl. ^ix. 140; ooplee (//.) 
Fer. 1328. 

ooaplin, v., O.Fr. cupler, copier; couple^ 
^copulojl PR. P. 99 ; cople Langl. Ciii. 190; 
kupleo (pres,) bo^e ' togederes A. R. 78; 
couple^ [' copylatis *] WiCL. Is. v. 8 ; iouplet 
{ppie.) Kath. 1059. 

cotirbe, adj., OJFr. courbe; curved^ ^ent^ 
Gow. I. 99. 

cotirbe, sb., curve^ bendy Gow. IL 159. 

ooorben, v., />. courber; bend; oourbed 
(pret,) Langl. B\. 79. 

oouren, v., cf, Dan. kure, Swed, kOra, Ger. 
kauern ; cower ; couie P. s. 329 ; FlX>R. 785 ; 
PL. T. 155; kouri)> (pres.) Aus. 2053; 
konzed (P^et.) Will. 47. 

ooura, sb., OJ*'r, curs, cours ; course^ runnings 
TREAT. 132; p. L. s. XXV. 125 ; Aus. 712; 
Gow. L 130; Ch. C. t. a 8, Fy6\ cors 
Fer. 1 108; Gaw. ii6. 

oouraer, sb., O.Fr. corsier, coursier; courser^ 
Ch. C t. a 1704 ; curser PR. P. 11a 

oouxt, see ouxt. 

courtepf, sb., short jacket \ Ch. C. t. .^ 290; 
R. R. 219; voa 196. 

couaohote, see under o(L 

coustoppe, oouflokalle(8), see under oO. 

coutere, zh.yfrom 0,Fr. cute (elbow) ; elbow- 
piece (ofarmour\ D. ARTH. 2566 ; Gaw. 582. 

cou)>en, see c&Sen. cove, see oftt 

o6Te, sb., 0,E, cofa, cf. O.N, kofi, M.L,G, 
kove, Af,H,G. kobe ; covCy small room^ celly 
C M. 11617. 

coye, Fr. couv^ ; covey ^ PR. P. 96. 

ooYCiten, see ouYeiten. coYOle, see ouYela. 

ooYcnable, adj., O, Fr. covenable (con- 
venable); suitable^ WiCL. GEN. xl. 5; cu- 
venable Misc. 27 ; conabiU Barb. v. 266. 
coYonab-li, adv., suitabfy,VllCL. MlLxiv. 1 1. 

coYenanty see oonYonant. 

ooYcnt, sb., Fr. couvent ; convent^ p. L. s. xvL 
160 ; AYENB. 219 ; kuvent a. r. 12. 



ooYorohief [kerohef L «b., OJF'r. cooYre-, 
cuevrechief ; kerchiefs CH. C. T. B 837 ; kover- 
cheef LiDG. M.P.48; keverchief P. L. s. xxxiv. 
126. 

ooYerde, sb., OJ^r. ooverde % Ud of a cupy 
Ch. h. f. 792 ; pr. p. 97 ; yoc. 199. 

COYOren, v., }^tws€r¥9at9tL,gainyattain; Meaty 
recover ; coveie Hay. 2040 ; PR. c 81 1 ; keoveri 
P. L. S. xxiii. 136 ; kevere Rob. 256 ; kuvere, 
kevere Will. 128, 1521 ; kcYered (pret,) 
Gaw. 1755 ; su apoYoren. 

ooYcren, v., O.Fr. covrir, cueuvrir, Lot. Co- 
operire; cover; covere Man. (F.) 14101 ; 
covere, kevere Langl. ^ iiL 60; kevere 
WiCL. Habak« iL 17; kcYezed (^le.) Jos. 
176. 

ooYOrlity sb., Fr. couvre-lit; coverlet^ c if. 
II 239 ; keverlet £. w. 4. 

COYOrty OF'r. covert ; cotMrt, Will. 2217 ; 

PR. c 4489. 
ooYorture, sb.,. OJFlr. coverture; coverit^y 

bedclothes; horse-cloth, HORN (L.) 696 ; 

kuvertur(e) A. R. 214. 

coYine, sb., O.Fr. co-, convine; intrigue 

Will. 3147 ; Ch. C. t. A 604. 
CkyYintr^y pr. n., 0J£. CofisLntreo; Coventry y 

Rob. 6. 
orabbe, sb., O.E. crabba,— Jf.i>f#. krabbe, 

O.N. krabbi ; craby < cancer^ YOC 189 ; PR. P. 

99; HOM. L 51 ; LiDG. M. p. 58; orabben 

(pL) HOM. L 51 1 Alis. 4943. 

orabbe, sb., crcA (apple)y Pall. \. 569. 
orabbe-appule, sb., cf. Swed. krabb&pple ; 
crathappUy ' maciumy PR. P. 99. 

erabbe*tr6, sb., crab-tree, *macianusy ar- 
butus, PR. P. 99 ; ciabtre ' arbutus * YOC 192. 

crabbed, adj«, c/i Swed. krabbed; crabbed, 
Ch. C. t. i? 1203 ; LiDG. M. P. 132 ; crabbede 
wordes Langl. Bx. 104. 

oracche, sb., fitch; crache c. m. 11823. 

craoche, sb., OJ<r. crache, creche ; mangery 
crib, ^praesepe^ PR. P. 99; WILL. 3233; 
WiCL. Job vl 5 ; cratche WiCL. Lk. iL 7 ; 
crecche A. R. 260. 

oraoohin, v., cf. Swed. kratsa, Du. kratsen, 
krassen, L.G. kratsen, krassen, kraschen; 
scratchy PR. P. 99 ; cracchen [cracche] us or 
clawen Langl. B prol. 154; cracche Trey. 
VI I L 37 ; crechen JUL. 35 ; oraoohing (ppie.) 
Parten. 5892; oraohed (^et.) ORF.78; with 
taseles oraoohed (ppie.) Langl. B v. 446. 
oraoobinge, sb., scraicfUng, CH. C. T. 
-^42834. 

cradel, sb., 0.£'..cradol, ^. Ir. craidhal, Gael. 
creathall ; cradle, A. R. 82 ; Alis. 3655 ; Ch. 
C. T. ^ 2019 ; credel, cradel PR. P. loi ; 
credil s. s. (Wr.) 780 ; oradele (dat^ o. & N. 
631 ; credile Man. (H.) 243. 

cradel-bam, sb., cfuld in cradle; kradel- 
bamee (pi.) Hay. 1912. 



138 ondeL 

oradel-bond, sb., sviaddling-doth, L. H. R. 
'34- 
oreeft, sb., O.E. craft ««^ f/ O.L.G. craft, 
tt^w. kreft, a//.G. chiaft/, aA'. kraptr 
m., moiLEH^. craft ; string \ art, Im. 8387 ; 
be craft is ihate astronomic 34397 ; he cn¥e 
)«ne uvele craft 3S40; craft o. & N. 757 ; 
REL. {. 311 ; Will. 635 ; Ch. C. t. .^ 401 ; 
LtDC. U.P. 163; |)K/.crafit)OKH. 18809; creft 
Kath. 87a ; AYENa 35 ; >ene creft FRAG. 
I ; |>ougti be criede wib alle )>e craft ^t he 
coude Mahd. 305 ; atwibem {,gen.) 



OT&vftnt* 



i{d^.) 



n {ef. onftmon) Trev. 1 . 1 13 ; orftfte {dot.) 
O. & K. 787 ; eraftas, craftes, crsefte ^pi.) 
LAJ.3395,10105, 15789; craftes o. & N. 568 ; 
Perc s6o ; merd schal hir craflci ki^ A. P. 
i. 356; Braftm (da/, pi.) La}. 11797 ; ecmfi. 
dri)-, dwaomer-, Ueli»-, Uot^, wlochs-, 



[oraft^iil, adj., ^rajfy], 

oraftftil-lloha, adv., era/tify, REL. 11. 176. 
oreft-UM, adj., O.E. cneftliu ; 'imrt,' 
FRAO. 3. 

m,ah.,craJijmim,CH.C.T.A 1899; 
onen [pi.) La). 28944. 
omften, v., O.E. ax(an,~M.L.G. kreften, 
O.FrU. (ur)krefta; ftKcompiish; crefteSHOR. 
157; crafte Pall. t. 438; oran«> (pret.) 
Shor. 3. 
Orafti, adj., O.E. cTxftig,— OJf.G. chreftig; 
crafy, sUijul, u. H. 3 ; a crafti weorcnun Lai. 
33893 ; crafti and Strang PR. C 9068 ; creni 
Kath. 125 ; misc. 91 ; ontftl«r (eompar.) 
Will. 1680 ; c. u. 8753. 
orafti-Uolw, adv., craftily, Langl. Ax.^; 
craftili Iw. 3104; oreftlluk«r {eompar.) 
Kath. 360. 
Origt ab-i ^^-i iffifi craig, Gael, creag; crag, 
WiLU 38501 ormgKe (oW.) R. R. 4156; REL. 
I. 136 i oncKM (pi.) PR. c 6393. 
OTAbieii, v., ?— orakivn; eracJt, crash; to 
crabien ant to crcDchen roit swire MaRU. 9. 
sb., O.Fr. craier; a smait s/Up\ 

* (Pl.) D. ARTH. 738. 

onk, !iti.,'^M.Dti. crac, M.H.G. krach; crack, 

emit, ALIS.641 ; TrEv. 1. 409; c.H. 18953; 

krak B. DISC 963 ; knOckM (pl.) a. p. ii. 

1403. 
orAke, sb., cf. OJ^. kr3ka (crew) ; crakt (bird) \ 

OtikM (pl.) S. S. (Web.) 3533 ; comp. nlgU^ 

arftk«. 
CTakecelle, sb., Fr. craquelin ; crachult 

PR. p. 100. 
omdeii, v., O.E. cn,c\aa,= Af.L.G. kraken, JIf. 

Dm. craken, M.H.G. kiachen ; crock, break, 

makt a cratking noiie; crake RiCH. 5433; 

FLOR. 93 ; TRIST. 887; L. H. R. 144; REL. 1. 

3; krake Horn (H.) iii8; onkaf> (pres:) 
Shor. 99 ; so cfaaunte^ he and crake^ CH. C. 
T. £ 1850; (bei) craken Gow. IIL 94; and 
orak«d(^/.)bo^lurakggesLAKCL.^xviii. 



73; banes >er OMkaden - (//.) Laj. 1875; 

kpoked i^.) Hav. 1338; icraked Gr^0.6o2. 
oraklnga, ormkkliig*, sb., cracking, boasting, 

' crepor, jactemda! PR, P. loo, 
craHen, v., (7fr. krallen ; f twist, curl; oraU* 

(imper.) L. c c 35; orallsd \ppi*.) IBID.; 

curious hameis qvaintli crallit PL. T. 134. 
cram-oike, sb., f pancake, Wicl. ex. xxix. 3. 
crammel, sb., crumb; aninmelH (pi.) 

AVENB. 353. 
Crammiso, v., O.E. cranunian ; cram ; crem- 

min PR. P. loi ; oroiiuiie|> (pres.) P. s. 338 ; 

oranuold iPpU.) WiCL. Hos. xiii. 6 : beo ur 

inou)) crommed with clai P. L. s. xxv. iia; 

icrammed [icrommed] Ch, C. t. C348; i- 

crammed [icrommet] Lancl. A frol. 41. 
orammlnge, oremminga, sb., stuffing, 

'fardnaeio; PR. P. loi. 
cramp, sb., == O.H.G, chramph, mod.Eng. 

cramp ; Hook, claw ; crorap L. H. R. 139. 
orampe, ih.,—MX.G., MMu. krampe, OJI. 

G. chrampho; cramp (spasm), ' spasmus,' Pit. 

F. 100 ; Ch. Tro. iii. 1071 ; crampe [crcMiipe] 

Langl. JxiiL 335. 
orampislieii. v., cramp, Ch. Am. 174. 
cramBiO) v., fsfrateh, pr. p. loa 
cr4iie, Porftne, sb., O.E. cian, ?ciln, cf. 

O.L.G. krin, krdn, M.Du. craen, kranc 

(Pkrana)/; crane, 'grus,' voc. 188; PR. p. 

100; rBL. II. 79; LiDG. u. p. 154; ciane, 

crao Clf. P. F. 344 ; cron [crane] Laj. 30163 i 

orAne (dot.) avenb. 56; knbiea (pl.) Hav. 

1726; cronM A. P. ii. 58. 
crBni, sb., cranny, ' rtma,' PR. P. loo ; arvoim 

(pl.) SACR. 710. 

cranke, sb., crank, wittck, 'girgillus, kaus- 

m,' PR. P. 100, 

crapautfl, sb., a precious stone ; crepawnde, 
crapawnde, crepaud PR. P. loi ; grapond voc. 
356; OTkpAwtMi (pi.) Eh. 143; crepawdis 

SACR. 17 1 • 

crappot sb., t ckaff; 'acus criiailum,' Pit. P. 

100 ; orftppla (//} ' curalis' VOC. 301. 
orasobin, v., crash, pr. p. too; onwobMU 

(Pple.) brainei D, ArTH. 11 14, 
ori&Bea, v„ cf. Dan. krase, Swed. krasa, mod. 

Eng. cme ; crack, break : be cablia crasen 

M. T. 138; ]« pot was oriMd (pple.) Cu. 

C. T. G 934 ; coveitise ha^ crasid jourc 

crouneDEP. R. I. 8. 
orosk, adj., ?M<MMk; f burly, ' crassus,' pr. r. 



oratohe, see oi 

or&o, sb., O.E. craw ; /rom erftvran ; crw (of 

a co^k} ; oxawa (dot.) Bek. 1090; Cu. C. T. 

A 3675 ; comp. hane nrln 
arauke, see oroks. 
oraolen, v., 0.fl/. krafla, c/. M.H.G. krabelen ; 

crawl', or»aluid« (^U.) C. U. 6613. 

CrRTimt, Ut OTMItt. 



Otiimn, T^ O.E. amfuui,— OJV. krcQa (pre/. 

krafl^) ; cravt, gkn. ft ex. 1310 ; cnve c. L. 

a49 ; an. lit. i i ; s. s. (Web.) 51 ; Iw. 543 ; 

Hotxx. i. 433; ardTt (^j.) 8PKC. 73; 

cnve> Shor. 61 ; ciave Lakci. Aiii. 33i ; 

we craven hoh. I. 59 ; srATada (^f.) GBn. 

&EX.1418; HAV.633; lorATed(/^.)A. R. 

a* ; fpin^. bi-crAvan. 
Orawe, sb., - Dan. knve, O.H.G. chngo ; 

crvw, throat, PR. F. loi ; WicL. 4 KINGS vi. 

as- 
lB*W«,»b.,0.£'.ciawc-a^.ff.crilwa,chtlja, 

chrSa, OX.G. kraja; crom [thi bird), ' cormr,' 

VOC 188; crone o. & N. 1130; crowe ROB. 

490; Cu. C. T. .i4 3693 i orSwsa (//.) P. I. S. 

xvii. 185; crowe O. & N. 304; eomp, nljt- 



oreite. 



139 



t, sb., crow-faot, PR. P. lOJ. 
erSw«-laa, ab., 0.£. crawan i£ac ; nam£ of a 
ploMt, FRAG. 31. 

crftwen,v., af.crawan Cjtr^/. CTiov)/:f.O.//.G. 
chriHian (j>r//. chrata) ; crow{asaeock); crowe 
MISC. 4S ; er )« cok crawe F. S. 338 ; or«ow 
iprtt.) HAT. xxvL 74 ; cieu s. A. L. 163 ; C H. 

y993 ; crew WicL. Mat. xxvi. 74 ; CH. C. t. 
4387 i crcwe s. S. (Web.) 3536; oifiwan 

(fijii*-) TowNL. 183 ; crowe ujD. Cov. 378 ; 

icrowe Ch. C. t. A 3357 ; (drrav. orftu, ortd. 

erSwliic sb., crowing, Trkv. VII. 535. 

OTMOioil, sh., OJ^r. creation ; crtation, Gow. 

11. 1S8. 
cm«DOe,>b., OJ^'r. atsmct,iHtdXat, crtdenda; 

ertdenet, Ch. C. T. B 915. 
nrmiit. adj., O.Fr. creant ; eravtH ; crcaunt 

A. R. 388 ; ciavant Kath. 133. 
OTMrtonr, sb., O.Fr. creatour; trtaior, Langl. 

f ix. 36 ; Ch. C. t. C 901. 
creature, sb., O.Fr. CTcatuie ; creatun, BkK. 

3338; Ch. C. T. a 3769. 



CrekkeUde, pr. n., O.E. Crecca geUd; 

Crickladt {printtd Creskeladc), ROB. \v. r. 

creek-, creoke-, kreke-, kyrke-] 269. 
OrAd, sb., f O.E. crSad ; from orOdBn ; 

f crowd; for . . . mikcl crede Man. (F.) 

11344- 
[ortdt sh.tjfvm aTHweo ; comp. han-otM.] 
OrMei ab., Jram Lat. credo ; trttd, hou. II. 

I7J Shor. 138; rel.1. 311. 
oredal, /« oredeL 
oredenoe, ab., OJ^r. credence ; bttiej, trust, 

fitith, Gow. I. 59, 65, 153 ; S. A. L. 60. 
oredible, adj.. Lot. credibilia ; eredibU, Gow. 

1.33- 
Oreifti tee onift. 
orei, (b., erewing, a & N. 335. 
orftet >b., baskti, crib, pr. p. toi ; u. H.64. 
ar<ke, ab., fcrtak; sittM (pi.) Ch. C. T. A 

4051 tknaldce.(Wr.) 4049]- 



srdkin, v., / - MJ)u. kreken, Gtr. krecben ; 

creak, croak, 'graeillo^ PR. P. loi ; erttea 

(prtt.) REL. II. 79; a crowe . . . oMked 

(^/.)Trev. VII. 535. 
orelle, sb., TCael. crial; ertti, 'tporia,' PR. P. 

101, 
orime, ab., cf. Fr. crSme, mtdJM., Ital. 

crcma; cream, Langu (Wr.) 4365. 
ortme, stt orlame. 
oremeleiit v., cf. L.G. krttroeln ; cmmNe, 

L-cc 36. 



. _ . , - M.Du. krempen, M.H.G. 

krempfen; contract, restrain; crempea. &N. 

1788 ; comp. fbr-arempwi. 
crenolien, v., t cringe \ crencben [ctenge] mit 

awire MaRH. 9. 
orenolen, ue grinklnn. 
ortqpen, v., O.E. creopan,— (?.^. kriupa, O. 

Fris. kria^, M.L.G. kriipen; crttp ; kreopen 

p. L, S. rviL 107 ; deope Alis. ,576 ; crepen 

LaJ. 39313; cr(e)ope [crepe] o. & n: 819; 

crepe Shor. I4i5; ortop^ ipres^ hoh. I. 

33 ; creop^, crop)) o. & N. 836 ; oiepeV hou. 

II. 199 ; orAop {imper.) A. R. 293 ; orto- 

plnda {Mle.) MarH. [I ; ertep (pret.) 

Kath. 908 ; crep GEN. & ex. 3934 ; Aus. 

571 ; S. S. (Wr.) 479; crep [creep] Ch. C. t. 

A 4336 ; krep s. & c I. 1 ; crap (for cnep) 

La). 39383 ; crop {ms. crope)'AV. Arth. Ixv; 

crepte Gow. III. 358; Ch. C. T. A 4193; 

(^u) cieptest Langi. A iii. 184 ; heo 

crupen [crope] Li^ 18471 ; cropen gen. & 

EX. 3974 ; crope BeK. 3341 ; crepten WILL. 

3335 J or6p«n (suij.) Langu B prol. 186 ; 

er6pan (pple.) WiCL. E. w. 396 ; H. v. 84 ; 

crope Gow. I. 198 ; CH. C. T. A 4359 ; LiDC. 

H. P. 240; icrope Trev. III. 397; con^. 

■t-orfiopan. 
Qrtpltica< ab., creeping, 'repeioC Tti. f. 

101. 
orApera, ab., O.E. crtepere ; creeper, PR. P. 

lOI. 

orepel, see nrapeL 

oreBoe, v., Lat. cr€scere ; inereast \ bad bem 
cresce and niultipli GOW. III. 376; cresen 
WiCL. 4 KINGS XX. 10; iiiaailng (^If-) 
WlCL. S. w. I. 338. 

orSaeii, v., / emik ; her seed if that me oreae 
(tubj.) Pall. v. 77. 

0reBaetab.,0.£.crease|Cerae,— O./T.Cchresso, 
cresso, cressa, OJ..G. kersc; i^irrr, 'nastur- 
tium,' PR. P. I03 ; A. P. i. 343 ; kerse Gow. I. 
399 ; is no)t wor^ a kerse Langl. ^ x. 17 ; 
comp. irator-, irol-oraaaa. 

CT fl iw c t, sb., fFr. creiiset, mod.Eng. cressit ; 
crucible; Ictmp; Gow. 111. 317; cressit 
' crudbulum' PR. p. 103. 

oreKte, sb., O.Fr. create; crest, 'crista^ A. P. 
i. 855 ; PR. p. I03 ; L. H. r. 313 ; creette of the 
brocbe Wicx. EX. xxviii. 13. 



140 



orete. 



croisoxL 



orete^ sb., cf. MJ>u. kratte (hask€t\ O.H.G. 
ciexzo (caUUhus) ; / cradle: ^ kinges zone • . . 
^t wep^ ine his crete aysnb. 137. 

oreuleny v., }'=^JDu, krevelen; craw/; orau- 
land (^le.) C M. 6612. 

oreyace, sb., OJ^r. creN'ace ; crevia, Ch. C 

T. / 363 ; crevas s. s. (Wr.) 768 ; crevice PR. 

c. 9186 ; crevisse Gaw. 3183. 
orevil, 3b,,'^M,Du. krevel; t itching^ LiDG. 

M. P. 31. 
orevifly sb., OJ^r, crevice; crayfish; krevis 

LiDG. M. P. 154. 

cri, sb., 0,Fr, cri ; cry^ Laj. 1 1991* ; Map 339 ; 
Bbk. 81 ; kri Will. 2174. 

eribbey sb., 0.£. cribb, crj\i\>y»OJLG. crib- 
bia, OJI.G. crippa, chripia ; crib^ ^praesepe^ 
PR. P. 103 ; HOM. 1. 277; Orm. 3321 ; Mand. 
70; PR. c 5200; ['fiscella*] Trey. IV. 353. 

erien, v., 0,Fr. crfer; cry^ Hay. 2443; 
die Brd. 22: oiie {imper.) A. R. 136; 
oriandA (ppie.) Will. 4347 ; oriede (pret.) 
Langl. By. 451; orieden (//.) HOM. I. 
279. 

oriingy sb., crying^ Fer. 2433. 

orike, sb., O.Fr, crique, rf. MJ)u, kreke; 

cretk^ ^scat€(b)ra^ PR. P. 103 ; Ch. C. T. A 409 ; 
XprsnUd txike) GEN. & EX. 2947 ; krike Hay. 

708. 

orikey sb., O.N. kriki; tthi^hx bis nese 

went unto ^ crice (r. w, swike) Hay. 245a 
oriket, sb., />. criquet ; cricket (am'mal), yoc 

164 ; Langl. B xiv. 42. 
orikke, sb., cncJkf cramp^ * spasmus^ PR. P. 

103; thou might stomble and take the crik 

REL. II. 29. 

orime, sb., />. crime ; crimi^ Ch. C. t. G 455 ; 
WiCL. DEEDS xxiii. 29. 
orimpil, sb., wrinkle^ ' rug(i^ PR* P. 103. 
crimplin, v., crumple^ ' rugo^ PR. P. 103. 

ermkleny v.^ "i^Du, krinkelen; crinkle \ the 
hous is orinkled [crencled] (PpU>) Ch. l. g. 
w. 2012. 

oriotir, sb., OJ^r. crieur; crier^ leg. 220; 
Trey. I. 247. * 

criouBy adj., clamorous^ WiCL. proy. ix. 13. 

crripy %h.,p{mchn scrip^ p. R. l. p. 156. 

oripel, see orupeL 

orippeny v., breaks cut; orippid {ppie,), 
WiCL. LEY. xxii. 24. 

oripSy see orisp. 

orisme, sb., O.Fr. cresme, Gr, xP^f^ % chrism^ 
PR. P. 103 ; gen. & EX. 2458 ; creme MiRC 
634; creime Shor. 13; avenb.41. 

oriame-ohild, sb., child that dies within 
the month ofbirth^ misc. 90. 

orisme-oldSy sb., chrism or chrisom cloth^ 
HOM. II. 95. 

orisolitey sb., O J^r.crisolite ; chrysolite^ Mand. 
276. 



oriaopaQe» sb., OJ^r.crisopace ; ckrysoprase^ 
MISC98. 

orisp^ adj., O.E. crisp, Avm Led, crispus ; crisps 
curfyy Mand. 168 ; his- crispe her Ch. C. t. 
A 2165 ; crips treat. 138. 

ofisp-heed, sb., ^crispitudo^ PR. P. 103. 

oxispeneMe, sb., ^crispttudoj pr. p. 103. 

orispeny v., curl; cxispedde {,pple) Trey. 
I. 53; cresped Gaw. 187. 

orist, sb., OJ^r, crist; Christy Kath. 612^ 
oristes mo — 0, Christmas , ayenb. 213. 

oristal, sb., Fr. crista! ; crystal^ Fl. & Bl. 274; 
CHR. £. 638 ; SPEC 52. 

oristen, adj. & sb., 0J£, cristen ; christian : a 
cristen man Langl. ^xL 120; cristene men 
FRAG. 7; oristene (j^.) Shor. 56; ^s gode 
kix^ ^t bus cristene bicom Rob. 75 ; orii&ine 
[cristenej (//.) Laj. 29773.^ 
oristen-ddni, sb., Christendom^ A. R. 30; 
Bek. 108 ; Jiane cristendom Shor. 5. 

oristen-li, adv., 0£, cristenllce; as a 
christian^ CH. C. T. ^ 1 122. 

orifltianitdy sb., Lai. christiinitfLtem ; chris^ 
tianity, Ch. C. t. B 544. 

erietnien, v., 0.E, cristniafi; christenx cristnie 
Shor. 9; orictnede (pret.) P. l. s. xv. 177; 
^ristned (pple.) Orm. 1782. 

oriirtnlngio. sb., christenings ayenb. 14. 

eritoniiB, sb., pi., O.Fr. cretons; greaves 
{rifiise 0/ tallow), WiCL. PS. d. 4. 

eritSe, sb., crib, manger , m. h. 63. 

oriYOySb., t grave; krive Man. (H.) 91. 

• 

orooey oroohe^ sb., O.Fr. croce, croche; 
crutch, croMier: ^ pedum} PR. p. 103, 104; a 
bischopes crosse [crocej Langl. B viii. 94 ; 
croche * sustentaculum ' YOC. 277. 

oroohet, sb., Fr. crochet ; crotchet (in music), 
* semiminima/ PR. P. 104; Townl. 116. 

orooke^ sb., O.E. crocca; crock, pot'; *olla,* 
FRAG. 4 ; A. R. 214 ; crokke Shor. 106 ; Trey. 
III. 85 ; Langl. ^xix. 275. 

orookere, sb., potter; 'figulus,' WiCL. WISD. 
XV. 7 ; crokkere SHOR. I<SS. 

orooodile, sb., OJ^r. crocodile; crocodile; 
a orooodillea (gen.) hide Pall. i. 960 ; see 
oooodrill. 

orof ty sb., O.E. croft,B Jf.Z^. kroft, crocht ; 
croft, field, Langl. Bv. 582; Townl. 199; 
LUD. Coy. 36 ; orofte (dot.) s. a. L. 160. 

ordh, sb., O.E. cr6g, « MJ)u. krocg, O.H.G. 
cruag m.; pitcher, jug, H. M. 39 ; oroos (//.) 
MISC. 29. 

oroiBy sb., O.Fr. crois, croiz, cruiz ; cross, C L. 
1 183 ; p. L. S. iii. 88 ; JOS. 446 ; Ch. C. T. E 
556; croiz Horn (R.) 1314; Hay. 1263; 
creoiz A. R. 18 ; croiz, croice Bek. 959, 971 ; 
croice Will. 350 ; see oros. 

oroiflen^ v., OJFr. croiser, cruisier ; sign with 
the cross : to croici ^e his foxeheved P. L. & 



or6o]i6iL 



141 



xA.73; orae«u8(A*q*<r.)A.K.64; 
(J^.) I_ H. ». 133- 

flgcoiMrie, ib^ OJ'r. ooberie ; enuadi, ROB. 
486L 

ar6lL ib^—Du. croec, crSc (omT), OJf. krSkr 
M. U^) ; ervat, koek, ' WMW,' voc 337 ; 
'PtAim ' PR. P. 104 ; OD his bake be bar a 
onk Tor. 1018; crok ringUt P. S. 337; 
crook A1.15. 4819 ; Lidg. U. p. 317 ; cpx fraud 
Oru. 1 1635: ortkM (//.) AM>ir lxc. 169; 
Langl. Cm. 396 ; b<q ;iir cmne be ischave 
fiUr be> JUT cn^ea Qoikt) REL. 11. 175 ; cro- 
1m niMng hooks A. p. i. 40; crakes fixmds 
A. R. 368; SPKC. 105; creft] crokes Katu. 

MS- 

ardka, sb., tw {o/fruii), eokt, 'antla,' TOc 
367 ; cniike ' ertmium (quod restat in frix- 
erio) ' PR. P. loi ; mi bancs als krftiduui (//.) 
dried ^ PS. d. 4. 

crOfce, sb.,-.Z7». krfike (atrli; t/or orCk; 
kroke D. Arth. 33S3, 

ordkan, v., Croat ; cniuken,'(ajjr9,'PR, p, 105. 

OrSken, v.,K27K.kroeken,kT0ken: erook\cK)- 
kin ' atrvo ' PR. P. [04 ; S. S. (Wr.) G09 ; croki 
8. A. U 161 ; AYXHB. 177; Croke HlCKXS 1. 
.339; Gow. II. 144; i Brtka/oM btnt RSl. 
II.3ii;crokAKOU.II.6i; ^ itature bowet> 
and croke^ Trev. 11. 185 ; orookedan (pni.) 
Viva- PS. Ivi. 7 ; or&kiad (^U.) Gaw. 653 ; 
Ch. C. t. £ s6o ; croked, icrokcd O. & n. 80, 
1676 ; be ookede bond p. L. s. xvji. 345 ; be 
orttedef ■" 



373- 
Oroket, sb., OJ'r. croquet, - crochet Uck of 

Mair, P. s. 339; Gow, II. 370; Haluw. 

381. 

erokke, ue anxiko. 
end, crollen, ste oml, onUlan. 
orombo, j'/ omiiilvo. 

oroine,jwornin«. aromiiun,j'«ramiunieii, 
oromp, tee cramp. 
orompid, adj., aiip : a crompld cake of the 

leepe of Aert k>ovea WiCL. ex. xxix. 33. 
orSn, see orftaa. 
oroiie, sb., TO.^r. caroigne, ^jl/.^>».kronie; 

ervtie, Ch. C.T.J 433. 
ordnan (f oroneii), v., i ^ Af.Du. kronen, 

krennen (groan, complain), O.H.G. chroncn 

(cAni/er) ; croon, moan ; yt croine (r. 

mone) TowNU 116. 
eronoaaja^s,h;namtofaf/aM/j- 'persicaria, 

tauckeneie' VOC 140; REL. I. 36. 
oronicten, v., ehronicU; ormould (^U.) 

Ecu 1339; cotntcled p. v.. i~ p. 10. 
anaiAxi«n,th., historian; ' historiais' vs.. 

P. 104. 
omilke, Bb., OJ^r. croniquc ; chronicle, Trev. 

111.47; cronicle PR. P. 104; cronique Gow. 

L3i,S9i Trxv. I. 5, II. 77. 



mp, sb., 0£. cropp, — MJ>u. krop, OJf, 
kropm-, OJI.G. chroph ; <7t># {of a bird), 
throat; tofi of a tree; crop of corns 'V'"^' 
voc. 33Q ; p. s. 33B ; LangL. C ux. 75 ; Ch. 
BozT. iii. 3 (69) i P. L. s. ii. 98 ; L. H. R. 69 ; 
hit hadde crop so an lieoit Alis. 688 ; crop 
and more LBG. loj ; a tre . . . of whilk m 
crop es turned do(u)nward PR. C 663; pe 
crop of he lede brete l. c. c 43; crt^^ 
'annona^ PR. P. 104; oroppe (dot.) C H. 
8458; in crop ant rote SPIC 100; oroppea 
(//.) R. R. 1396. 

oropere, sb., O.Fr. cropiere ; cntpptr, PR. P. 
105 ; oropana [cropiers] (jW.) Lakgl. B xv. 
4H. 

oropoiit sb., OJ', cropion, oepon; jlointcA, 
iutfecAi 'dunit,' PR. p. 105; oropliia (//.) 
B. B. 140. 

oroppen, v., OJV^. kroppa; (rop,piuek; croppe 
11. T. 167; ^ wi¥i ^1 sprutt^ ut ^ betere 
^ me bine ofte oroppeC (pres.) a. R. 86; 
■ucbe i^foules) cometh to mi croft and croppelh 
mi whete Lamol. f vi. 33 ; hast ^u . . . orop- 
ped ipple.) jeros (f. ierus) of come MIKC IJOS. 

onM,sb.,OJV.kn>ss; iwu. La;. 31386; Kath. 
737; Lamgl.^ vi. 13 ( J V. 539 liar cTuche) ; 
cros or croucbc Haluw. 383 ; ona oro aa e, 
across, d. Axth. 3667. 
oroa-Una, sb., erotS'Uns, Ch.ji5TR. i. I3 (7). 
oroa-aall, sb., cross-sail, A. P. iii. 103. 

oroa ao , sb., madman, La}. 30335 {indftxtUX^. 

pro— clot, oroalet, sb., OJ''. croiael ; emdMe, 
Ch. C.T. (71147, ti9i. 1198- 

oroaaen, v., O.N. krossa ; ervst ; eroaaid 
ipple.) * eruce tignatus' PR. P. loj. 

ordto, sb., / OJ^'r. crote, cf. Ger. krotie ; clod, 
lump, 'glebula,' PR. P. loj ; croote ]^cremium'\ 
WiCL. PS. d. 4 ; ilk a crote Mam. (F.) 3Io3 ; 
crot (f . r. grot) c u. 3J38. 

oroiiahe,fr«artLoh«. oroiioheii,M«eraohai. 

orondeii, orondinge, see oraOao, orudlnca. 

oroake, sb., O.E. criot, •= O.L.G. aruca; 
t pitcher; Ch. C. t. A 4158. 

Oronkaiif see erBohwi. oroniiat see orilna* 

aronpOt >b., O.Fr. croupe ; hinder parts, 
Alis. 3447 ; Ch. C. t, D 1559 ; Makd. 389. 



and croutbe B. DISC 137 ; he herde a sym- 

phonie and a crowde y chorum 1 Wicl. LK. 

XV. 35 ; oroudla {pi.) {' chart'] JUDG. xi, 34. 
ar6we, see artivn, and orAu. 
oiiioohe, sb., O.E. crycc, - O.H.G. krucka, 

MJht. krucke ; crutch, n. V. 81 ; mid his 

crucche La^ 19483. 
crtiche, sb., * OJ..G. croce; cross, Kath. 

1171; crepe to croche HOii. II. 9S; cracbe 

[crouche] Lancl. S v. 539 ; crouche SHOR. 

15; AYKNB. Ill; E. C. 54. 
oniolieii, v., sign with the cross; avonulbn 



14^ 



ortLohen. 



otL 



(pres.) Ch. C. t. A 3479 ; crouche)» Shor. i 5 ; 
heo . . . or^ohede (Pret,) hire Kath. 628. 

Gruoheilf v., cf. Ger, krauchen ; crouch : i can 
nauther crouke ne knele Townl. 163 ; kni3tes 
orouke)> hem to & er(iohe)> (fres.) full lowe 
PL. CR. 751; )>ei so lowe crouchen 302. 

omotfley v., Fr, crucifier ; crudjy, d M. 18273. 

omoifia:, sb., crucifix^ a. r. 16. 

omokeny v., cf. M,L,G, krucken ; bend^ twist : 
ichfoileawaiethaioruoke (pres.) Pall. ii. 210. 

ortid, sb., crowd, Ar. & Mer. 5510. 

oruddOy oiirde, sb., curd, * coajpitum* PR. p. 
105 ; oruddea (//.) Langl. £ vi. 284 ; curdes 
voc 178. 

oniddin, v., curdle, ' coagulo! PR. p. 105 ; 
emdded {pple^ WiCL. Job x. id. 

orudOy sb., bcurrow, handcart ; crowde, ' ceni- 
vectorium,* PR. P. 105. 

oroude-wain, sb., cf. M.Du. kruiwaghen; 
handcart. Am. & Amil. 1858. 

oruden, v., O.E. crudan (pret, cread), M.Du, 
kruiden, (pret, krood) ; crowd, thrust, push ; 
crude Horn (L.) 1293 ; croudin PR. P. 105 ; 
croude Ch. C. T. i? 801 ; out croude (f printed 
treude) Shor. 33; oroude (imper,) Aus. 609 ; 
orodin (pret,pl.) p. R. L. P. 245. 

omdinge sb., thrusiinj^, pushing \ croudinge 
Ch. C. T. B 299 ; crowdinge ' centvectura^ PR. 
P. 105. 
0rael,adj.,0./^r. cruel; cruel,K,Vi, 100; RoB. 57. 

oniel-liohe» adv., cruelly, Ch. Tro. iv. 1274; 
crewelli Merl. i. 2 (127). 

oruelness, sb., cruelty, Trev. 1. 177; SACR. 
769. 
oruelte^ sb., cruelty, a. r. 268 ; Man. (F.) 5 186. 

onzety sb., cruet, *phiala,^ REL. J. 7 ; crouet 

SHOk. 49 ; cruets (//.) Brd. 14. 
ceralf adj.,» M.H,G. krul, M.Du, krol ; curly ; 

(ms, crolle) Alis. 1999 ; orulle (//.) Ch. C. 

T. A 81. 

oralleiiy v., » M,L, G, krullen, Du. krollen ; curl\ 
oroUid (ppU,) Fer. 1354; curlid PR. P. iii. 

oruinbr adj., O E,, crumb, <= 0,L.G, crumb, 
0,H,G. chrumb, cf, Ir, crum, crom, Gael, 
crom, Bret, kroumm, kromm ; curved, Orm. 
9207 ; oroume (dot, n,) s. S. (Wr.) 2477. 

oruinbey sb., hook, bend; crombe, crome, 
croumbe, ' uncus, bucus,^ PR. P. 104. 

GTumbeny v., cf, 0,H,G, (ge)chrumben, ^.Z>i^. 
krommen ; tncUie curved, bend; cromin PR. p. 
104 ; orumpt (pple,) Halliw. 284. 

omme, sb., 0,E, cnima (fm,), cf, Ger, krume, 
Swed, kruma, krumme m,; crumb, *mica,* 
VOC 258 ; A. R. 342 ; crumme PR. p. 106 ; 
Gow. III. 35 ; crome Trev. IV. 399; MiRC 
3013; ane croume leb. Jes. 155; orumaa 
(//!) Mat. XV. 27 ; crumen a. r. 344 ; crumes 
(ms, crummess) Orm. 1475 ; cromes Ch. C.t. 
(T.) 15528. 

orom-bolley sb., crumb bowl, Vh, CR. 347. 



orfimelen, v., Ger, kriimeln; crumble', kre- 
melid (pple,) L. c C 36. 

omtninin, cf, L,G, kr6men ; crumble, break 
into crumbs, PR. P. 106. 

ommpey sb., cramp, spasm^ Townl. 308. 

ommplen, v., crumple ; oruxnpled ipple,), C 
M. 8oiS7; was crompild and crokid Flor. 
1979. 

onindel, sb., 0,E, crundel (/ mound) ; cave, 
HOM. II. 139. 

orune^ sb., cf, 0,N, kruna, OJ^r, corone, co- 
rune; crown, Orm. 81 58; MISC48; be]K>mene 
krune A. R. 258; crune [croune] LiU. 4251, 
131 10 ; crune, croune, corune Hav. 5^, 1319, 
2734 ; crune, corune GEN. & ex. 26^8, 2642 ; 
his croune was ... of ismite, blodi was his 
heved Bek. 2227 ; corone [croune] Langl. 
^ii. 10; coroune ayenb. 168; orOnen (//.) 
A. R. 238 ; crounen Rob. 242 ; see oorrfii. 

oranen, v., cf 0,N, kruna, 0,Fr, coroner, 
coruner ; crown ; crotmi Bek. 1728 ; to croune 
^ to king(e) Rob. 105 ; krCuiefi (pres,) 
A. R. 392 ; coroune)^ avenb. 72 ; ortUieden 
(pret,) La). 31935; orlined (ppfe) Orm. 
5462 ; icruned hom. I. 121. 

or€biinj^« sb., coronation, PROCL. 8 ; croun- 
ing Rob. 430. 

oriipel, sb., 0,E, (eor¥-) criipel, cryppel.s 
0,H,G, crupel, OM, krypill, kryppill, i1/.^. 
kiepel,kreupel, OJ^ris, kreppel ',from ordopen ; 
cripple, H. m. 33 ; REL. 1. 243 ; cripel CHR. £. 
771 ; cripel [crepel] c. M. 12260 ; cripil, crepil 
^ daudus^ PR. P. 103 ; crepel Gow. III. 147. 

oriipelen, v., f go like a cripple ; oripelande 
(pple) REL. I. 211 (MISC. 5). 

oruB, sh.,= M,H,G, krus, Af,Du, kruis ; curly, 
^^g^ ; Hav. 1966 ; cms [crous] c m. 14740. 

[ortisohel, sb., cf, M,H,G, kroschel, krossel, 
krustel, kruspel.J 

oruaohil-bdn, sb., ' cartilagbi PR. P. 106. 

omsohin, v., 0,Fr, cruisir, croisir; crush, 
* quasso,^ PR. P. 106; cruschen D. Arth. 

1134. 
OFuae^ oroiuey sb., M,Du, kruise, » o,N, 
krus, M,H,G, kruse ; cruse, drinking-vessel, 
bowl; ' cantharus^ PR. P. 105 ; croos MISC 
29; cruce PALL.xi. 51 ; oruse8(//.) ^cyathi* 
Pall. i. 584. 

dUikiJi, sb., a little orQae, PR. p. 106. 

omfltey sb., cf Ger, krusteyi, krust m,, from 
Lot, crusta, crustum ; crust, PR. p. 106 ; crust 
P. s. 204. 

oniflted, adj., having a crust: a crustid 
cake WiCL. exod. xxix. 23. 

cu, sb., 0,E, cu, — 0,Fris, ku, 0,N, kyr (ace. 
ku), 0X,G,,M,Du,}l6, 0,H,G, chuo; cow,K.^ 
4; ku 'vacca* FRAG. 3; A. R. 418; Alis. 5956; 
cou P. L. s. xiii. 221 ; ayenb. 56; Langl. 
B vi. 289 ; ki [0,E, cy] (pi,) Man. (F.) 4732 ; 
C. M. 4564 \ kie PS. hcvii. 31 ; kuin (r. w, slen) 



oft. 



ottme. 



U3 



Aus. 760 ; kyn P. L. s. xiii. 235 ; Ch. C. t. 
^4021; kiln [kien] LANGL.^vi. 142; kien 
WiCL. GEN. xzxii. 15 ; kin, ken Will. 6, 244 ; 
ken AYSNa 191 ; Ocrov. (W.) 672. 

Coa-boohe, pr. n., P. l. s. xiii. 244. 

oou-oall( sb., cow caif^ Langl. ^xv. 462. 

oou^herde. sb., O.E. cuhyrde; cowherd^ 
Will. 4. 

oou-sdhete, sb.> O.E. cusceote, cuscote, 
Prov. Eng. cushat ; wood-MgeoHy *paiumbus^' 
CATH. 79; couscot ^fatumbus^ VOC 221; 
qvisht Pall. i. 758. 

oou-«loppe» sb., O.E. cusloppe, cuslyppe ; 
cowslip, VOC 162. 

oou-sokulle, sb., some plants t cowberry, 
f cowslip; * vaccinium * voc. 176. 
onbbel, sb., staffi a. r. 140. 
onbionlariey sb., Lai. cubicul&rius ; chamber- 
lain, WiCL. JUD. xii. 6. 
onbit, sb., Lai. cubitus; cubits WiCL. JER. 
xxxviii. 12; A. P. ii. 319; Trev. II. 235; 
TowNL. 28 ; WiCL. Mat. vi. 27 ; <hibiU (//.) 
WiCL. GEN. vi. 15 ; cupidez A. P. il 315. 

onoou, sb., O.Fr. cucu, coucou ; cuckoo, A. S. 

iii.; cukkou Trev. I. 229 ; coccou ayenb. 59 ; 

Ch. p. f. 358. 
ofiohene, pdohene], sb., O.E. cfcttut^from 

Lai. coquTna, c/. O.H.G. cuchina, chucnina ; 

kilchen. La;. 3316 ; kuchene A.R.214; kichene, 

kechene Will. 1681, 1707; kechene ayenb. 

171 ; kechine Perc 455. 

[oaokmgy sb., kicking f\ 
ouoking-stdl, sb., cuckingstaol, P. S. 345; 
co(c)kingstdl REL. II. 176. 

OUO-fltool, sb., cucking-stool, ' cadurcaf PR. P. 
107 ; cokstol P. 72. 

onde^ sb.i ?« O.H.G. cuti {gluten) ; t pitch : 
h^t cude t mastic leechd. III. 136 ; code, 
sowters wex PR. P. 85 ; DiGB. M. 35 ; coode 
^pice '] WiCL. EX. ii. 3. 

oudey .sb., O.E. cudu, cwudu, cweodu, cwidu ; 
cud, Orm. 1237; cude [code] c M. 1958: 
chewijr kude |^code, qvide, qvedc] [* ruminat 'J 

WiCL. LEV. XJ. 3, DEUT. xiv. 6. 

ofli; sb., O.E. cyf ; tuby frag. 4 ; kiv« {dot:) 
REL. II. 191; keve \t printed kove) Bev. 
2415. 

OoA, sb.', cuff, sleeve, * c{h)irot(h)eca,^ pr. p. 
106 ; ooflbs (pi.) Langl. B vi. 62. 

Ofigg6l,9b.,a£.kycgel (dart), V\xg'g€i,cf. Welsh 
cogeil (distaff, truncheon) ; f cudgel, A. R. 292. 

ookeweald, sb., cuckold; cuke weld o. & n. 
1544; kukewald D. Arth. 1312 ; coke wold 
IJiNGL. A iv. 140 ; Ch. C. t. A 3152. 

eulf sb., stroke : ^ cul of |ier eax a. R. 128. 

Otil, see ka. otUe^ see ouvele. 

enlfirSy sb., O.E. culfre, culufre, mod. dialects 
culver ; pigeon, dove, ORM. 1258 ; kulvre A. R. 
98; culver WiCL. geK. viii. 8 ; colvre ayenb. 



142 ; colvre, colvere Marg. 293, 299 ; cdvere 

Scolver] Langl. B xv. 396; colfren, culfre 
tren.) HOM. I. 95, 141; culfre brid Orm. 
7087; ^t tu . . . habbe kulvre kunde A. R. 
292 ; oulveren [colvere] (//.) La). 24521 ; 
cotfren Rob. 190 ; colveren Alis. 5405 ; col- 
veren, colveres Mand. 118; culvere briddis 
[^pullos columbarum*] WiCL. lev. x. 7. 

eolver'houM, sb., pigeon-house, ayenb. 142. 

[oulien, v., tbum; comp. forsnilien.] 

oQllen, v., cf. MJ)u. killen, kellen (kill), 
M.H.G. kellen, mod.Eng.]a[\', ?=ow«llen; 
strike, beat J kill : o]>ur to culle o]>ur to bete 
P. L. s. XXX. 146 ; counseilede Cairn to cullen 
[killen] his bro^ Langl. A i. 64; killin 
< occido ' PR. P. 274 ; collefl (pres.) Jos. 545 ; 
kuUe al ut )>et is i ^ krocke A. R. 346 ; ofiUe 
(subj.) A. R. 126; kille Ch. C. T. D 1041; 
eiilde (pret.) s. A. L. 150; K. T. 179; ofte 
me hine culde La). 20319; culde [kilde] 
Langl. A iiL 180; (h)a kulden hem doun 
Fer. 2660 ; keld (pple.) OCTOV. (W.) 1063 ; 
>ei were ikilde [ikeld] Trev. VIII. 5. 

oollin, v., O.Fr, coxXiir ,/rom Lot. colligere ; cull, 
gather, select, PR. P. 107 ; coiie dep. R. iii. 
200; sex hundred of hise he oolede (pret.) 
out Man. (F.) 2731. 

oulm, sb., soot, */uligo' PR. p. 108. 

[OQlmen, v., f cover with soot; comp. bi-ool- 
m.eii.] 

oiilmi [o6Iini],adj., f sooty, Langl. B xiii. 356 ; 
his colmie snute Horn (L.) 1082. 

oiilney sb., O.E. cyln, cf, O.N. kylna; kiln, 
furnace', kulne REL. II. 81 ; kilne PR. P. 274. 

oiilpey sb., m<?//.£'»^.kelp; sea-weed; colpes 
(//.) Trev. II. 81. 

oulrftge, sb., Fr. curage (/ O.Fr. ♦culrage) ; 
arse-smart, water-pe^^er, M. T. 133 ; ^ per si- 
coria ' PR. P. 108. 

onlter^ sb., O.E. culter, Jrom Lot. culter ; 
coulter, Langl. By\. 106; Wicl. prov. 
xxiii. 2 ; Ch. C. t. A 3763 ; colter Map 338. 

culture, sb., Fr. culture ; culture, Pall. i. 21. 

oulTere^ see oulfre, 

OulTert, adj., OJ^r. culvert, Lai. collibertus ; 
villanous, A. R. 96 ; Fl. & Bl. 329 ; cf. ool- 
ward. 

oumb, sb., O.E. cumb m. ; coomb, a measure of 
capacity ; coume ' cumba ' PR. P. 97. 

Cumberland, pr. n., a^.Cumbra land ; Cum- 
berland, MISC. 146. 

oumblen, see oomblen. 

oume, sb., O.E. cuma, « O. H. G. qvemo ; 
stranger. Mat. xxv. 35 ; |ni bist him cume 
deore Laj. 4373 ; oumfloe (gen. pi.) Lk. ii. 7 ; 
comp. wilsmxne* 

Oiimey sb., O.E. cyme, m., cf. OJL.G. cumi, 
O.H.G. chumi, qvemi /., uoth. qums m.\ 
advent, arrival, A. R. 188; O. & N. 436; 

I cume, kume, kime [come] La}. 3962, 6646, 



144 ofkme. 

14837 ; cnme, come Katil 413, 671 ; come 
Ork, 718; GKN. & sx. 3367; Horn (L.) 
530; c L. 103 1 ; Will. 4191; d. Artu. 
1303 ; epmp. jeln-, Um-t hiin-, 00.; t&-, 

[oilinei adj., 0^. cyme ; iteomiHg.} 
aOmA-Iioh, adj., O.E. cymllc ; eonufy, B. it. 

35; komli Iw. 3886: comli Alis. 6055; 

LaNGU Axv. 444; ofimallohe (aAi.) MaKH. 

19 ; oomeliche spec 37 ; oomlokar {ohk- 

fiar.) Gaw. 869 ; oosolokMt {tvptrl.) Gaw. 53. 
oomli-hfids, lb., cowulitust, Gow, 11. 354. 
eomlliMMMi >b., eonuUneis, PK. P. B9. 
OOinel. sb.; tambuik, shtlter under Unh; 

on cumelan, comelan, comlen, comele Laj. 

6630, 11009, 30373, 30400. 
muneling, ab., — O.H.G. chomding; Jtvm 

oiuaMi ; siranger, new comer, gkn. & KX. 

834 ; cumJing I w. 1637 ; cumling [cbmding] 

WlCL. LBV. xxw. 47; comelii^ PR. P. 89; 

komllnsM (fii) Rob. 18. 
munen, v., 0^. camax\,=O.I^G. cuman, 0. 

Fris. kums, koma, O.N. koma, OJi.G. cho- 

man, qveman, Gotk, qiman ; eomM, LK. xviii, 

16; Sax. chr. 350; uou. I. 19; Jul. 53; 

ORU. 3179 ; GEN. & KX. 305 ; REI- 1. 333 i 

cumen [come] LA). 3035 ; kumen A. r. 394 ; 
comxn, cuman frag. 6, 7 ; cume Kath. 694 ; 
cmne, come o. & n. 61 1 ; comen HA v. 413 ; 
come Cb. C. T. D 1684 ; \a. sunde to oumone 
I .ft], 16039; tnakeb 10 comene aYenb. 106; 
to cnmende hou. II. 117 ; bat is to conuDge 
Trev. III. 471 ; ofimost, Idinest \0.E. cy- 
meat, cymst], (/*rf.) JUL. 63, 63 ; kymst LK. 
xxiii. 43; comest O. & m. 585 ; cume^ PRAC. 
■; ; cumi^ kimeS a. R. 350 ; kumeS, kimeV, 
kjm% HOH. I. 33, 81, 153; kem% I.K. be. 
36; cume^, come^ o. & N. 303, 1531 ; comefc 
Kath. 3460; comeb Lanci- A\. 59; scbe 
come> ride Launf. 867 ; (we) cumeC HOU. I. 
51 ; ■yt come^ p. l. s. xii. iii ; hi comdS 
viii. 118; kome (j»^'.} a. R. 434; cume 
Horn. (L.) 14^ ; cumen we let ut come, La}. 
13006; anm{i»i^.) Laj. 13944; cum,kum 
A. R. 98, 393 ; curne^ Wicl. Mat, iv. 19 ; 
oomlnda {ffile.) avenb. 364 ; oam {pret.) 
GEN. & EX. 494 ; LBB. JES. 3^5 ; Ch. C. t. A 
547; S. S. (Wr.) 460; Mand. 13; kam Hav. 
863; cam LanGL. B ix. 151; com (?cfim), 
come A x. i66, B ix, 137 (Wr. S449. coom) ; 
com (? c6m) FRAG. 8 ; Marh. 3 ; Kath. i 54; 
a& H. 133; BEK.4; Will. 39; Tor. 6^; 
(tw.commjORM. 101; (r.w. hom)L. N. F.316; 
a vuhel com fl(e)on from h{e)ovene hok. 1. 
81; fwt comwelfor«(j/Vr<wp-ftf»i33; s(e)ff5- 
¥en he com to monne [he became man) 167 ; 



ya hit com to even AYENB. 191 ; SO sone $0 
she to him come Al. (L.'] 511; (hi) come 
Orm. a8i3 ; O. & N. 1058 ; Horn (R.) 1178 ; 
Jos. 434; comen SAX, CHR. 249; MAT. ii, 
3 ; Oru. 7493 ; GEN. & EX. 1979 ; 8. S. (Wr.) 



oOsid. 

318; comen [coomen] Lahgl. Bjx. 319; 
coomen K. T. 189 ; come O. & N. 1671 ; Ro& 
15; komen, keme Hav. toi3, 1308; ^ 
kemen FSR. 3130; kemin s. & c: 1. xlvi ; 
o6m»(.rw^'.)0.&N.ioi5; KOB.330; onman 
ipple.) Oru. 134 ; GEN. & BX. 365 ; Iw. 3956 ; 
comen UISC. 197; Ch. C. t. .^4671; comp. 
Mr, BO-, bl-, )»v ornHnimsn ; dtriv. oniiw, 
o&ma, awivi*. 
oomloge, sb., coming, Trev. I. 29. 

onmin. sb., OJ'r., cumin, coumin (ef. O.E. 
cymen), Zo/. cumlnum, cytnlnum; eummin. 
Mat. xxiii. 33 ; comin PR. P. 89 ; spec 37 ; 
Aus. 6797 ; WiCL. Is. xxviii. 35. 

oamleiit v., f OJ^. kumla ; / btcome cramped ; 
i oomblo {prei.) REL. II. 3ii; oumbUd 
(,Me>) [comelid] bondis [' tnanui dissoluteu '\ 
WiCL. IS. xxzv. 3; comelid 'eviratus' PR. 
p. 88 ; comp. ft-oiunlen. 

oamaexL, tee oammva. 

ofin, sb., O.E. cynn, - O.JV. kyn, kynni, O^rit. 
ken, O.L.G. cunni, OJ/.G. chunni, Geii. 
kuni H.,- kiH, kind, species, Kath. 445; 
monna con HOU. I. 97 ; cun, kun La;. 319, 
338 ; kmi a. R. 308 ; O. & n.' 714 ; feder mo- 
der ant al mi kun spec 91 ; i have no kinne 
pdn, kun] ^re LanGL. B\. 639 ; kin OrU. 
3053 ; Hav. 393 ; bis Idn and his frendea 
Hand. 309 ; ken ayenb. 43 ; Will. 733 ; 
Gow. III. 333; oOntiM {gen.) Jul. 11; 
alle* cunnes wilde d(e)or hou. I. 79 ; on 
Klches cunnes pcinnes] wise La> 8073; 
beora nexta o&niiM mon {kinsman) 3717 ; 
Davids kinnes man OttU. 13538 ; his cunnea 
men Bek. 1657 ; kunnes C l. 855 ; ones 
kunnes tieou A, R, 150; for nones kunnes 
mede p. S. 193 ; kinnes gen. & ex.. 756 ; ecbes 
kinnes chapman HOU. II. 19^ ; odium 
{dot.) FRAG. 7 ; O, & N. 371 ; be IS of a^ele 
cunne Laj. 1146s; of ^ses wine;eardes 
kynne['^«nt'iKi>K']ME.xiv. 35; o{uuut(/Jl) 
LEECHD. III. 94; cunne a. r. 138; ^reo 
cunne iaa Marb. I ; on feole kunne wisen 
{r, wise) in many ways, L^ 1717; a l>re 
cunne wise uisc 38; kinne hou. II. 63; 
alle kinne sinnes Langl. £ xx. 370 ; twnre 
kunne salve O. & N. 888 ; tweire kinne HOU. 
n. 95 ; of alle kinne cwike der Oru. 14558 ; 

' eomp. dior-, fi^-, man-, wif-o&n. 
knn-rtd, sb., kindrid, Degr. 835 ; kenred 
Shor. 4S; kanrtde {dai^ O. & N. 1677; 
kinrede Mand. 67 ; ennredes (//.) HOU. I. 
a6i. 

aiin-r6den, sb., O.E. cynrxden; race, &n- 
dred, Jul. 60; cunraclen (t printed cum 
raden] HiCKES I. 335 ; kunrede Rob. 384 ; 
kinrede 'prosapia' PR. P. 27s ; CH. C. T. A 
3790; kinrede, -rade Trev. VII. 471 ; kinnde 
Will. 532 ; ^ twelf kunreden HOU. I. 141. 
oOn-r&n, sb,, O.E. cyniyn; generedion, 
'generation FRAG. 3. 

[otind, adj., cott^. god-, giAnfeflitd.] 



otkvo. 



I4S 



[otuid, idjq ?— oaV ; eom^. lUlaM-oond.]' 
ofind^ sb., O.E. cynd, - O.A''. kysdi n^ 
cf. Lai, wean f.\ kind, mah&t, hou. I. 99; 
HAKH. 8; ^e mei ^ towkrd hia cunde 
{ste. ttxt cub^) Uci Li^. 31493; )ttt b«o) 
of ^ne ciindc o. & N. aji ; he hab angles 
amde tkkat. 134^ ^eoa (beastei) do% hare 
cmide ... in a time of ^ ya H. U. ' 35 ; 
\ta kunde a. R. 14 ; none nene kunde ytx 
nas Rob. 169 ; kuinde Jos. 131 ; kinde Oru. 
663 ; Will. 3506 ; Ch, C. t. A 3451 ; Gaw. 
5 ; ifK kinde fkuinde] ^t of him com C. L. 
I 9; as kinde askep Lancl. Bvl 37; Ve 
hettes haven an oVer kinde rel. I. 3i6; to 
forsake his wedded wif and do bis kinde dfKt 
wai MiRC 330; of kinde Vnaiurae^ WiCL. 
DKUT. ndii, 13 ; >e lawe of kinde Gow. III. 
304 ; ajenst kinde MaND. 333 ; kende, kinde, 
'genus, progem'et, pron^a' PR. p. 371 ; 
kende Shor. 9; atenb. 38; ^ it were 
comen of ricbe kende ui LE nt. 138 ; after 
kindes wune GEN, & EX. 1653 ; an^. ffod-, 
)#■, man-oOnda. 
flttxide, adj., O.E. cynde, mod.Eng. kind; 
natural, noHv*; kind, treat. 136; he ^ai 
is so cunde rel. U. 337 ; ^ cmide folk of 
^ kmd K0B.40; kuinde c, l. 10144; kinde 
Ch. C. T. £603 ; (h)is kinde lond GEN. & ex. 
1379; his kinde fader Will. 309; kuinde 
witLAMGi.^i. S3; kende, kmde PR. P. 371 ; 
Icende Shor. 90 ; comp. }a-, ua-ottnils. 
kfliid-[h]Ue [kiiidheda], sb., kindness, 
Rob. 453 ; kuindhede leb. Jes. 133. 
oftnde-Uoh, adj., 0£. cynddlc, medEng. 
kindly; nalural, Kath. 964 ; hit is a kinde- 
lich ^n^ AVOW. Arth. xi, ; kindeli Wicl. 
wise. xii. 10; kendelich AVSNa 47 ; kimds- 
lioha {ado.) a. R. I30 ; kindelike GEN. & EX. 
3500; kuindeli Lakgl. ^iii. 15; kindeli 
PR. C. 1686. 



,sb.,ib>id^»,UG.i85; kind«> 

nes Will. 331. 
Unds-ahlp, ib., benignity, Gow. II. 393. 
Otindel, sb^ offspring: Jwsne kundel a. r. 

900; kOndlMfi)/.) A. R. 100; kindles rel. 

I. 333 ; kindlit ['gmtmina '] WiCL. Lx. iii. 7. 
eOndlen, v., prov£ng. kindle ; Mng forik ; 

kindlin *Jete* PR. p. 375 ; kundtoS (*■«.) 

A. R. 194 ; wanne he U Iklndlsd (/^.f reu 

I. 309. 
ottiw, stt klna. oungBT, st* oongar. 



. . ,, O.E. cunnan,—C70/il. knnnan, 0. 
Frit. (?JV.kunna,a//.(;.chunnan; jMowii 
knows bt able\ hom. I. 73; Orm. 3958; 
alle ^ creftes ^t derke ah to cunnrn Kath. 
534; cunnen . . .)ionc[^G<rw. dank wissen] 
A.R. 134; cunne Laj. 35113; knnne WiCL. 
BOCLSS. vii. 36; knowe and kunne [konne] 
Lanol. Bxv. 45 ; konnen c L. 1071 ; conne 
AYWia 31 ; Gow. I. 300; S. S. (Wr.) 33; 
Pailtsn. pkol. 104 ; Creaeide ahal not conne 



' knowe me Cu. Tro. v. I4(M ; konne Rob. 
A5; omw {imper^) hou. II. 39; onnnaiid. 
(fjUe.)U. H. 93 ; )>at heeld bim self so kun- 
nmge fkonninKJ Lancl. £ xi. 70 ; afi^(pret.) 
[mod.Eng. coidd] La^. 904 ; cuVe, kuVe GEN.& 
EX. 389, 1659 ; ku^ KatB. 1544 ; A. R. 66 ; 
kube O. & M. 714; cou^ Hav. 113; s. S. 
(Wr.) 3319 ; couthe [koube] Langl. A VttOL. 
183 ; coude Shor. 79 ; koude Ch. C. t. A 
713 ; coyest a. r. 380 ; cnVen KatR. 1330 ; 
beo cu^ alle spechen HOU. I. 93 ; ^ . . . 
ya. wei^s cu^Sen Laj. 36915 ; cou^n P. 8. 
348 ; couthe mir. pl. 95 ; «0.])a {sttij.) 0. & 
N. 663 ; coube avenb. 105 ; ? oond {ppi*-) 
Ch, d, Bl. 787. 

ounnen, v., 0-E. cunnian.^O.i-C;. (Ki-)kim- 
ndn,^ 0./f.i;.chunnen; tTy,ttst, ORU.B34; 
kunnen HOH. I. 151 ; ommoS (prts.) HOU. 
II.. 87 ; heom t foUii . . .ytt cunntV to bcon 
deane Marh. 13; smeibte ant owinsda 
(pret.) \t!t (A A. R. 114; eomp. ]«-oiinneii. 
ennalnga, sb., O.E. cunning, mod.Eng. 
cunning; experitnte, skill, knwltdg*, wti- 
dam, ' scientia,' rR. P. 109; kunninge I.AN6L. 
.fix. 446; WlCL.CEN.xliv. 15 ; kunmng LiDa 
u. P. 31 ; conninge ayenb. 115. 

oonte, sb., OJV. kunta, - OJris. kunte ; 
'vuiva,' voc. 186; ANGl. IV. 190; connte 
REL. 11.383, 

ofipe, sb., O.E. cype, c/. M.I>u. cOpe ; tfrvm 
LaL ciipa ; basket, Fl. & Bl. 447 ; cupe, kipe 
' sfiorta ' Trev. IV. 359 ; oap«n {^.) Fl. & 
Bl. 435 ; twelf o5p« ftd C L. 1378. 

oupidei, see oubit. 

(nippe,sb.,a£'. cuppa; ^,Hav.i4; Lanol. 
.<4v.i84; MAHD.53;cuppe['faiEi'iWM']WlCL. 

iOHN xviii. 1 1 ; )tt cuppe Laj. 14996 ; cuppe, 
uppeGEN. &XX. 3047, 210; cuppe [coppe] 
Ch. C. T. ./4 134 ; coppe Rob. 117; Shor. 
30; Man. (F.) 1364; eruppM {pl.) Oku. 
14043; coppiB s. s. (Wr.) 1795. 
oup-boM, sb., cupboard, A. P. ii. 1440. 
oop-fljl, sb., cupjul, REL. I. 53. 
oop-makor, sb., cup maker, 'cipharius^ 
voc. 313. 

ouppa-mUe, -mile, adv., by cups, Langl. A 
V. 139 
ouppa-Bshoton, adj., Atink ['^vvr/'t, Mam, 
(F.) 7S60. 
earat, sb., medJ^i. cilratus; curate, Ch. C. 
T. ./4ai9. 
OiiTatoiir,sb.,i^r.curateur; »rwAv,MlRC86o. 
oOw, sb., O.E. cyTt,—M.H.G. kure m.s from 
ohAoaea ; choict, custom : ^t wes ^ baste 
cure Laj. 8077 ; hefde he ^ne cure 9467 
wind god of cure Horn (R.) 1446 ; drt 
HOU. 1. 331 ; rigt and kire GEN. & EX. 451 
after londes kire 1693. 
oQr«, sb., O.Fr. cure ; cure, ' cura,' PR. P. 
Fer. 1063 ; Langl. £prol. 88; Ch. C. t. 



I4« 



'•Gtr. ktiren; f>wM ofiz*; lAbi^, 
KatB. (E.) (870; Ifl&nd <>!/&.) A. R. 56*. 

Ofirin, v., OJ^r. cQrer, >^v)m Zd/. cutftie, mmI 
£(irf. cure; /iii« car* of, ^ euro} PR. p. no; 
aOrads (/)nr/.) Wid. 3 KINGS zviii. 30. 

onrioaiU, sb- Fr. cuiioiit^ ; euriotUy, Gow. 
III. 383- 

onrionr^ tit oorionv* 

eariotu, adj., OJ^r. carious ; turiotit, Tkst. 
II. 169. 

ctimelt sb., O.E. cyrael ; ktmtl : ^ene cnnie] 
HOU. I. 79 ; kuToel 'gramum ' rRAG. 3 ; kir- 
Dcl 'gramum,' PX. P. 376; ^ntulrut' voc 
367 ; \inie! [kernel] Langl. £xi. 353 ; eflr- 

IMlM (//.} Ia}. 39366 ; L. H. R. 36 ; L. C. 

C35; curolMA.R.360*; kenicles Man. (F.) 

14683. 
3finiei_, ., . 

Rob. 490 ; kurne [kerne] 
onnrftiln, v., O J^r. conreer ; citrry, 'sMgiOo, 

eociodio,' pr. p. 110; curri [cuiTei] PL. CR. 365. 
onrre, sb., cf. Swed. kurre, MJ3u. corre; 

cur, A. R, 140*; CH. L. G. W. 396; LiDG. 

M. p. 39 ; kuTTM {pi.) PL. CR. 644. 
OflPTO, adj., O.N. 1^, \L.viTT,-M.H.G. Hirre, 
^^^.q&imis; rfwiV/,^««//«; knrreA.R.386*. 
mure, sb., O.Fr. cam ; cMarioi ; cure Jul. 9. 
oora, sb., O.E. curs ; curse, rkl. I. 139 ; c l. 
1385 ; Ch. C. t. .J 661 ; LiDG. U. P. 53 ; curs 
[cOT«] P. S. 333 (P. 38) ; core Shor. 106; 
Fer. 303. 

our»-fuI« adj., tuatsai,V/ux. prov. xxviii. 9. 
onrnOD, v., O.E. cursian ; euru; curat BRD. 
86 ; cunea Gkn. & EX. 4005 ; cunen [cune] 
Ch, C. t. D 1634 ; curve Gow. II. 364 1 
ouxMst, kursett (irts.) o.&s.i 178 ; kuraed 
A. R. 198 ; corseb [corae^] Lancl. B xv. 166 ; 
ouraMU (pre/,) Sax. CHR. 364; RRU II. 
377; otmod (pplt.) KOM. II. 11; Oru. 
16059 ; iconed Mirc 1361 ; ccmp.tf^mxalMx. 

eura«d-liM«, sb., curstdntss, Wicu Bar. ii. 
33. 

onraadmea— . sb., atrstdness, CM. C. t. G 
1101. 

onraunca, sb., O.E. curaung ; cursine, HOU. 
1.305 ; cuTsiuge Rel. 1. 131 (hom. II. 11); 
OEN. & EX. 3^ ; coninge avenb. 97. 
onrt, sb., OFr. curt, coit ; court, Sax. CHR. 

366; HAV.t685ikurtAvR.3iO; COnAVENB. 

137 ; curt, court BEK. 165, 747- 
oart«ia,Bdj.,i?./'r. cortois,cotutois;i<M(n!wwj, 

Uisc 155; Hav. 3916; Bbk. 1190; curteis, 

corteis Will. 194, 331. 
kurt^a-liobe, adv., courteously. Will. 873. 
OUTt«isifl, sb., O.Fr. courtoisie ; courtesy, Hav. 

t^ ; p. I. s. xxiv. 339 ; Ch. C. t. .^ 4iS ; kur- 

teisie A. K. 7a 
efiptol, sb.,a£.cyrtel,-D.jV.k)Ttill; kirlU, 

tunic, MISC. 49 ; Bek. 3361 ; SPEC. 40 ; anne 

curtel La}. 4993 ; kuitcl a. R. 10; kortel 



Pdrtel] Tre?. VII. 3SS i kutel Okm. 10137; 

PI-CR.339; CH.C.T..J33it ; kertelATXMB. 
191 ; s. s. (Web.) 1883; oOrtU {dot.) hou. 
II. 139 ; ofirtlM (pi.) Tv.m. VII. 401 ; kirt- 
Ics Orm. 9393 ; kertles ayenb. 367 ; knUaa 

{dat.pl.) MAT.viL 15. 

OnrtooDP, sb., courUtr ; koarteonr Will. 343. 
oortiler, sIl, O.Fr. courtilieT {^irdetur)', 

imoHasttrjr gardaur, rel. II. 377. 
taatiBa, Mt oarOn. 
OUM, set oou. 
otiHen, V, O.E, cyssan, - 0.2V. kyssa, OF'ris. 

kessa, O.H.G. cusaan ; kiss, A. R. 434 ; c. L. 

553 : cusSe SPEC. 38; kissin 'osculor' 9VL.t. 

377 ; kisse u. h. 83 ; Ch. C. T. A 3680 ; kcsse 

WiLl. 5045 ; OCTOV. (W.) 585 i oOa {imptr.) 

A. R. I03 ; e&ate (pret.) La}. i 194 ; MISC 43 ; 

Horn (L.) 405; kisie gen. & ex. 1653; 

Lancl. ff xviii. 430 ; keste ayenb. 340 ; cat* 

ten Bul. 388. 
oOaainga, sb., cf. ^./T.t?. kUssung ; ktsstng, 

SPEC 70; kestinge Fu & Bl. 513. 
OUHiit, ih.t—OJi.G. cussin, O.Fr. cuissin, 

coiasin ; cushion ; cushin PR. p. 1 1 1 ; kuait- 

nla (jW.) Haluw. soa 
otiate, sb., O.E. cy8t,«a^raV. test, OX~G. 

cust, OJi.G. cust, chust, Cotk. (ga')kusts/ ; 

from abSoMQ ; virtus, quality ; nane cusle 

La^ 31498; oQata {pi.) rel. I. 178; La}. 

31019; MISC. 118; OBBta (<M. //.) o. &N.9; 

na noil nuste of Baldulfcs custe La}. 30334. 
oliati, adj., (?.£. cyavig, - O.H.G. chustl|; 

Hbtred, mumficent, frag. 3 ; La}. 6366 : 

kistij Oru. 4698 : amp. mato-oflatL 
oftatlnoaaei sb., O.E. cystigaess ; Uitraiity, 

HOU. I. 105. 
{nutumet stt aoatoma. 
oat, sb., &/, 'jOTf' PR. p. Ill; Ch.C.t.^ 

83s ; kut REL. I. 7. 
oatte,sb., Jf.Z>«.kutie; pudtndummub'tbrt; 

kutle LUD. Cov. 318. 
oattin, v., cut, ' idndo, seco* PR. p. 1 1 1 ; kutte 

\'scindert'\ WiCL. LEV. x. 6 ; cuttc [kitte] CH. 

C. T. (.'954J cotte Mirc 1929 ; kutto {suhj.) 

Mand. 49 ; Dutto {prtt^ Laj. SiSa* ; kutte 

ALIS.3336; kuttea [kitten, ket ten] LanCuA 

vi. 191 ; citte Hav. 943 ; outtad {ppU.) PL. 

CR. 434 ; PR. c. 3715 ; comp. tbr-outtan. 
outtera, sb., cutter, voc 195. 
cuttlnc*, sb., cutting, PR. P. in. 
autte-pora, sb,, cut -purs*, piek'poektt, 

Lancl. ./4vi. 118. 
OuC, adj., O.E. cu¥, - OJ..G. cuth, Goth. 

kun^s, O.H.G. chund, O.N. kunnr; knovm, 

I-A). 747 ; jef ^ cneowe ant were cu% {ac- 

quainitd) wi% |>e king Jul. 33 ; cu^ Orm. 

9240 ; UISC. 96 ; in ever euch londe ich am 

cu^ [cuu^] {known) o. & N. 922; cou^ BBK. 

1198; Gow. II. 310; cou^, koiitb Cu.C.T. 

E 943 ; kouth Lidg. M. p. 35 ; beo bea*S . . . 

al to ki^ A. R. 304 ; t« ouddaatv [eldest, 



otUf* 



OW6M]|0IL 



U7 



eudifest] (supirL) Kath. (E.) 821; €»mp. 

cAS-UMmii, v^ (7.^. cG^Hscan ; make ac^ 
auainUdj famiUar\ cOVUchen HOM. II. 45; 
he hine cinSlaehte La). 17103. 

kAtdMumge, sb., acquazHiancii A. R. 68. 

o&S-lioh, 2A)^amiUar : mid caliche [cou^ 
Hche] worden La^. 19679 ; and cu^iche spe- 
ken 18809; cu^li) Orm. 2204; cuthli c. if. 
17696 ; cou^ Gaw. 937 ; kou^i WiCL. prol. 

I KINGS. 

oaS-rMne» i^i^ familiarity^ A. R. 168*. 

ofitfon, V.9 O.E. cy^an, = O.Fris. k€tha, 
OJ^G. cGthian (pret. cuthda), Goth, (gasvi-) 
knnfjan, 0,H,G, chunden (pret, kundta, 
chtmdita); make known, sktw^Lhy 1157; 
HOM. II. 223 ; kuVen his strencre A. R. 222 ; 
co^ P. L. 8. viii. so ; rbl. I. 183 (lliSC 124); 
cui^ LEG. 38 ; Jos. 484 ; ^t so much love 
him kui|»e wolde a L. 590; kHfen hom. II. 
1 19 ; REL. I. 209 (MISC 3) ; ki)>en Orm. 210 ; 
ki^ Will. 118^; Man. (F.) 6690; Perc 
1234 ; |»e so^ i wille )« ki^ Octav. (H.) 609 ; 
\xieik Shor. 20; cou^ PL. CR. 17; kiSe 
(fres,) Angl. VII. 220; he cu¥e¥ Mark. 
19; ki|»e [cou)«] Langl. By. 181 ; )ni cu^t 

0. & N. 90; Ctt^^ REL. I. 178 (MISC Il8); 

ki)>e^ Orm. i 131 ; his craft he Vus kiYeV rel. 

1. 211 (MISC O; he cub O. & N. 132; kib 

HOBL II. 79; (we) cu¥e« Kath. 1348; eap 
{imper.) Misc 90; cui% HOM. I. 215; ki])e 
Uubj.) Ch. C. t. ^ 636 ; oaSde fcuddej (pret,) 
La). I C194 ; cudde 2462 ; cu)ieae 4494; cudde 
HOM. 1. 123; Kath. 1354 ; Rob. 56; c l. 756 ; 
muchele luve he us cudde P. L. s. viii. 97; 
kidde gen. & ex. 1651; P. s. 342; Lidg. 
M. P. 125 ; kidde ^t he was hende Trist. 
241; ;• kedde Shor. 48 ; cuddest Jul. 62 ; 
kiddcn Orm. 17822 ; kidden [kiddej Langl. 
By. 440; kit)ed {pple.) Orm. 16979; cud 
Kath. 814; kud Fer. 1401 ; kid Gow. II. 

S9 ; Man. (F^ 162 i ; it was ful loude kid 
AV. 1060; ot alle^kudde & ku¥e sunnen 
a. r. 342 ; comp, ^e-o&Ven. 

ofllft, adj., 0,E. cy¥ig,=a//:c;. kundig, O.N. 
kunnigr; knowing, famiHari cu^ie meyes 
Li^.5098. 

efttRte [cu|>)»e], sb., O.E. cfes, cyW5u, O.H.G. 
chundida, M,HjG. kiinde; kith, kindred, 
native country. La). 2435; ^i^ cu^|»eand 
(h)i8 kun LEG. 107 ; ^ king bat ^is kufij^ 
ai^te Jos. 434 ; cu)>^ Pf^^Nl i^ngl. A lii. 
i^ ; .ke)>^ Shor. i^ ; iLxyft Trev. IV. 267 ; 
ki^ ant. Arth. xii; fro ki^ and kinne 
Gow. II. 267 ; cdSen, che¥en (pi.) HOM. I. 
230, 235 ; comp. un-o&88e. 
kil'l'e-ll), hdy., familiarly, Orm. 16532. 

ouyeiteily v., OJ^r. cuvdter ; covet, A. R. 60 
[v. r.^imi] ; coveite Gow. II. 136 ; ooTeite|> 
Xpres^ Rob. 306. 

oaveitiBet sb., OJ^r, coveitise; covetottsness; 
ooveitise spec 49; ayenb. 137. 

L 



ouTeitfkB, adj^ OJ^r. coveitus; covetous; 
coveitus Fl. « Bl. 367 ; covejtoos s. s. 
(Web.) 1591 ; covaitous ayenb. 8b; covetous 
Man. (F.) 4529. 

aarelf sb.» fcf. M.H.G. kiibel; basket \ coul 
^C9^pa,Hna' PR. P. 97; £. g. ^2; in lepes 
& m oouflsB (pi.) so muche viss hii ssolde 
him bringe Rob. 265. 

oaval-ctaC f^.^polefor carrying two-handled 
vessels, GEN. & EX. 371a 

onvele, sb., O.E. cufle, ^. OJV. kufl m., 
M.Du. covele, covle /, kovel m,y cowl ; 
kuvele A. R. 10 ; ane cule [covele] La). 17698 ; 
covele Bek. 2228; imder covele and cope 
Shor. no; cuvel, cove! Hav. 768, 2904; 
coule (ms. cowle) PR. P. 97. 

ow4kieiit v., O.E. cwadan; quake, tremble, 
Marh. 19 ; A. R. 1 16 ; qvakien [cwakie] La^ 
17915 f qvakie MISC 193 ; A. D. 241 ; ?hwa- 
kien hom. I. 143 ; whakin, qvakin PR. P. 
523; qwake, whake PR. C 541 1, 7343 5 
owikeda (pret.) JUL. 21 ; qvakede Hickes 
1. 228 ; Rob. 24 ; OCTOV. (W.) 1713 ; ovakide 
WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvak^ LANGL. 
J?xviii. 246; qvdk Ch. C. t. A 1576; qvoc 
M. H. 9 ; Man. (H.) 292. 

qvttizige» sb., O.E. cwacung; quaking, 
Rob. 336 ; Wicl. Mk. xvi. 8. 

owAle^sb., O.E. cwalu,B OJLG., O.H.G. qvala, 
O.N^ kv6l ; from owtian ; death, slaughter : 
)ef hine to cwale for us alle HOM. I. 121 ; 
qvale com on orve La^ 31809. 

qv&le-htls, sb., torture-chamber, La^ 727. 

qvAle-nSy sb., mortality, LA3. 3190a 

owalm, sb., OJ^. cwealm, cwelm,=O.Z.Cr. 

Svalm, OJI.G. qvalm, chvalm ; from ow61«ii ; 
'eath, slaughter; torture ; (printed cwalm) 
H. M. 29 ; cwahn, cvalm, qvaun o. & N. 1157, 
1199; qvahn ROB. 252; REL. II. 244; p. s. 
342 ; c M. 4721 ; )>e avidm muchele ^ wes 
on moncunne La). 31877 ; qvelm P. L. s. iv. 
9; owalme (dot.) hom. I. 115; qvalme Ch. 
C. T. A 2014; owalmea (pi.) Lk. xxL ii ; 
comp. man-9 orf-owalm. 

owalm-htls, sb., torture^ckamber, Kath. 
600; A. R. 140. 

owalm-ateou, sb., O.E. cwealmstow ; place 
of execution, A. R. 106 ; owalm-stdwe (dat^, 
HOM. I. 283. 

owarteme, sb., O.E. cweartem; prison. 
Mat. v. 25 ; Kath. 670 ; Orm. 6168 ; qvart- 
eme La). 19293; hom. II. 213; qTartema 
(pi.) Sax. chr. 262. 

[ow4tieiit v., cf. M.H.G. qvSxen; satiate', 
con^. oYvr-qvatien.] 

owivieilt v., tremble, Marh. 48* ; . qvavin 
Uremo* PR. P. 419; qT&Tide (pret.) WiCL. i 
KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvaved Langl. jffxviiL 6i. 

owacohen, v., 0£. v9itGcxcL,^M.Du. avicken ; 
twitch, shake; qvecchen mid hafde Laj. 
35844; qvecchen [cwecche] to cuchene 

a 



M« 



(nrooolion. 



3316 ; qTfcbe Aus. 4747; qvicchin ' moi/eo' 
PR. P. 431 ; qmU Iprtt.) Fer. 607 ; ^t ba 
eoiVe Vj^ii qvebte [cwehte] LA}. 30141 ; he 
qveite toward ^ qvene Will. 4344; heo 
qvetaten [cwehten] heore scaftes Laj. 33907 ; 
coM^. anowwMJban. 
OwM, adj., e/. O.E. cwEd {dun^, BLICKL. 
CLOSSE&i'a^m.qv^d, M.Du. qvMd, MJi. 
C. qvit, lat, kat (bads dung) ; bad \ cved 
Laj. 29600; qved o. & N. 1137; R0B.414; 
Aus. 1343; p. s. 356; he dude more qved 
CHR. E. 443; bai {Kwhte to do him qved 
Isuu.611; kved,kveadAyENB.ii,i4; qvead 
Shor. 147 ; qvad gsn. Si ex. 536 ; Gow. II. 
346; ^ qviede Rob. 314 ; M1RC1658; ^ne 
qvede If isc. 44 ; he deS al to cweade a. r. 
73 ; qTAdB {pi.) p. L. S iv. JI ; qvade |ere 
Ch. C. T. B 1638. 

krtad-lifida, sb., •> CLFris. qvaedheed ; bad- 
ness, AYENB. lOI. 

qvid-lio, adj., bmdfy, ps. xvii. 23*; Icvead- 
liche AYIN&S; cmKi:&(spariitfrfy) KOU.1. 369. 

krtednaMa, ab., iniquity, ayenb. 10. 

qTM-«ditp« [^awM«lp«], sb., evil, Lj^. 
5066; cweadschipe a, r. 310. 



.. I Kpret.S Laj. 31836; 

dtriv. owUe, owalm, ewfild. 

[owelle, sb., killer; comp. )iuui-«w«Ila.] 

OWflUen, v., Q.E. cwellan,-=OX.C. qvellian, 
O.H.G. qvellen, chcllen, O.N. Vvt:\\a.\ /nm 
cwale ; mod. Eng. quell ; till, torture ; (mt. 
eortWenn, primed cvKWta) Orm. 1843; qvel- 
len [cwdle] Lai. 644; qvellin 'suffbco' 
PR, P. 419; cwelfe R. s, V. (uisa 168); ne 
mai him no feond cwelle s. a. l. 1^3 ; qvelle 
Rob. 10; Bek. 767; Will. 1346; Lidc. 
M. p. 109; M. H. 96; ECL. 531 ; the dokes 
criden as men wolde hem qvelk CH. C. t. B 
45B0; and with here axes out the braines 
qvells (iniK*) Tro. iv, 46 ; qvalda (prrt.) 
HORN (L.) 988; cwaJden Ork. 15526; 
qvalden [cwelden] Laj. 1753; qvolde Jiisa 
93; owallsd (pple.) HOM. L 379; qveUed 
Gaw, 1334; iqvald [icwelled] La). I0938; 
eomp, K.owaUan. 

avntOon, sb., O.E. cweUere ; iil/er, MK. vi. 
37; Marh. 33; qvellere WiCL. TOB. iiu 9; 
qveller u. h. 40 ; camp. laan-qTellera^ 
q;v«lUiic, sb., kiUing, Roa 396. 

0Wellen,v.,-i1/.Z)».,0.//:C.qvcnen4 spring 
up Its a well : (e welle . . . )iet alnc nai kvel)> 
(/ ms. kve^) ayenb. 348, 

OW«llli, tee owalm, 

OWAlmaii, v., O.E. cwelman, cwylman, — O, 
L.G. qvebnian ; Jh>m tmaXm. ; UU : qT«tiD(a) 
\^ tmeident'] ps. xxxvi. 14 



oweme. 

owbne, adj., O.E. (se)cweme, rf. O.H.G. (bl-) 

avSm; from eumen; eonvement, agreeabU, 
tRiC. 466; qveme Hav. 393; Gaw. 3109; 

TowNL. 3; hit wes him swi¥e qveme Laj. 

3437; qweme C, L. 500; D. Troy 633 ; wheme 

Flor. 145 ; qrfimaM {eompar.) HOM. II. 63 ; 

qTAmflst (superlai.) H. u. 1 1 ; gen. &. EX. 

3764 ; comp. )«-owam«. 
owdnu, sb., fpleantre ; to cweme HOU. 1. 33 ; 

almahti] god to cweme Oru. 1661; \m 

follce to qveme [cweme] La). 347 ; to qveme 

c L. 1018; Will. 3404; Man. (F.) 7390; 

to qveme (qweme] p. S. 335 (p. 9). 
qTfime-fiil, »A\. \'piataiilis'\, Wicl. eeod. 

Kxzii. 13 ; qvemfiill(e) qveeae Alis.* (5k.) 583. 
owSmen, v., O.E. cwiman ; pUast, hoh. I. 

347 ; H. M. J ; R. s. V. (hisc. 184) ; bu >u 

miht dribtin cwemen Orh. 1317; cweme 

La^ 13486*; qveraen HiSC 185; RICH. 

3433; qveme a & N. 309; Greg. 358; 

Gow. I. 166; PS. cxiv. Q; Man. (H.) 286; 

qvemin PR. p, 410 ; Icveme avenB. 36 : 



foverde 'coa£ia seniitia deo / 
piacent' A. R. 338; aw«md« {pret.) FRAG. 
8 ; cwemmde.ORU. 3595 ; comp. }0-aw<man. 
iiwHiim— ■■. sb., O.E. cw^mness ; pitasure, 
KOU. I. 313; qvemnesse II. 55. 
owSn, sb., O.E. cwCn, cwene, cf. OJV. kvaa, 
Icona, O.L.G. qv5n, qvena, OJ/.G. qvenai, 
GoiA. q£n3, qinS (yvt^), mod-Eng. quean wtd 
queen; tuoman; queen, Marh. 19; Orh. 
3159; qvenTRIST, 1193; qveR,qvene[cwene] 
La;. 182, 3739, 35843; qven, qvene MI8C 
195, 196; kven, kvene AYENB. 80, 130; qwen 
[qwean], qwene c L.881, 1193; qwen, qwene 
LUD. Gov. 80, 315; cwene A. R, 170, 396; 
kwene hoh. 1. 193; qvene R, s. i. (hisc. 156); 
Fl,& Bl. 818; Shor. 131; Rob. 26; Cr. 
C. T,';&i6i; qwene PR. c. 4461; qviene S. 
A. L. 154; qvSn* {gen.) ROB. 36; qvene red 

R EL. 183 (UISC. 133); qvAW {dot.) LA). 14a; 

Tor. 766 ; qTBne (pi.) La). 34713. 
owenohen, v., O.E. (ii-)cwencan ; quench; 
qvenchen hoh. 1. 175 ; BEX, 1. 133 ; qvenche 
Shor. 19; ayenb. 304; TREv.I.187; Lidg. 
H, p, 151 ; cwenken OrH. 1191; qTsndre^ 

i^es.) TREAT. I36; OWSnobta (pret.) ]Vh. 

68 ; )iftt fur qveinte an on P. L. 5. xv. 304 ; 
qT«nc)hsd(/}M('.)MANi>.7o; qvenchid WiCL. 
Mk. ix. 44 ; cwenked Orh. 4417 ; qvcint 
Gow. II. 301 ; Lanci. Jxviii. 344; CH. 
C. T. A 3331 ; ikvenct ayenb. 186 ; iqveint 
Mirc 1194; comp. mrowmxibxa. 
qT«iohliig«, sb., quenching, extinction, 
TREAT. 135; qvenching MISC. 7. 
owerkin, y.,~O.Frii. qverka, O.JV. kyrkja; 
ckeke, spangle, ' suffoco'; qverkin PR. P. 420. 
nrante,sh.,(?.£.cweoni, cwyni,>-OJV.kveni, 
OX.G. qvern, O.H.G. qvim, chume, Goth. 
qairous; quern, hand-mill; qverne 'moU* 

PR. F. 430; P. L. S. xix. 333; AYENB. 18I } 



ow0ni6* 



dAde. 



»49 



Ch. h. f. 1798; WiCL. BX. xL 15 ; qyomas 
(pi.) Trxv. 111. 591 ; comp. pepir-qw«nie. 

ew um -rtdn, six, O.K cweomstiUi; miV/- 
stofUf FRAG. 4 ; qwernston VOC. 233. 

owe— oa» su qT—eheii. 

ewMten^v., 0.£. cwe^San,>"(7J1.6^. qvethan, 
ovedan, OJV, kve^ OJ^ris, qvetha, qveda, 
OJI.G, qvedan, chvedan, chedan, Goth, ai^an ; 
speak, say. Mat. iv. 17; cwe^ HOM. 1. 37 ; 

?[ve)Sen IL 29; gbn. & ex. 3525; ow6Se 
pres.) HOM. I. 99 ; Kath. 869 ; i qve)« him 
qvite R. R. 6999 ; & cwe^5e% yt al cwite H. M. 
41; cwebe^ cw€6 hom. I. 31, 113; qve% 
HOM. II. 5; (we) cwe¥aV hom. I. 113; 
qr^Senda (PpU,) rel. I. 129; cwe¥inde 
HOM. I. 99; qwething LUD. Cov. 362; 
ew9Jf {pret.) quoth Orm. 5214 ; qv|i^ Will. 
351 ; Trist. 607 ; PL. CR. 98 ; qva¥, qvad 
GEN. & EX. 755, 2881 ; qva^ Langl. C iv. 490 ; 
cwa%^ cwa^y qua^, qvad, qve)> O. & N. 117, 
187, 1 186 ; qva¥, qve% [cwa^] La). 696, 6203 ; 
qva^ qve^ Misc. 40; 8i6 ; cwe% Kath. 379 ; 
A. R. 122 ; cwe%, qvo% Marh. 4, 22 ; qvaUi, 
qvoth, qvodh, qvod, hwat Hav. 606, 909, 1650, 
180Q, 1888; qvo^ [qvod] Ch. C. T. .^788; 
qvod Gow. I. 47 ; s. s. (Wr.) 668 ; cof ant. 
Arth. xxxvii; hio owCSen \p,E, cwae- 
don] (//.) John i. 22 ; cwe))en hom. I. 5 ; 
cweten Kath. 134; cwe^en, Fcweden Jul. 
96, 27 ; qve¥en La^. 893 ; qve)>en Misc 146 ; 
qv€¥en gen. & ex. 3267; qv^Sen \p,E. 
cweden] (ppU,) gen. & ex. 1496; comp. 
»-i bi-, liar-, ^, miA-ow^Sen ; aUriv, owlde, 
owiate. 

owic, adj., OJS, cwic, cwyc, cue, « OJ^G. qvic, 
(9JV. kvikr, kykr, O.H,G, qvech, chech, 
Goth, qius (accus, qivana), mod.Eng. quick ; 
Bving, Kath. 1890; Orm. 1370; qvic[cwic] 
La). 22; slou to fi^te & qvic to fie Rob. 
455; ^^^c, qvik Hav. 1405, 2210; Will. 
1212, 1564; qvik chron. £. 762 ; Ch. C. t. 
A 1015; qvik o)>er ded Bek. 1822; qvik 
water WiCL. GEN. xxvi. 19; kvic, qvic 
AYENB. 67, 205; qwik PR. c. 6390; qvek 
M. H. 26; qvik, whik PR. P. 421, 524; whik 
M. T. 156; TowNL. 163; (|>at) cwuce bread 
HOM. I. 241 ; nowiht owikes (gen^ nothing 
aUve A. R. 334 ; nawiht qvikes La^ 25758 ; 
elc bing cuces hom. I. 225 ; bi mine qvike 
[cwike] live La^. 14595 ; ^a andswarede j^ 
king qvlokere (dat.yem,) stefne 16874 ; "ud 
qvickere [cwickerej stevene 15873; owike 
(pi.) Jul. 62; cwike briddes Kath. 64; 
cwike & grene bojhes Orm. 10002 ; demen 
. . . cwike & deade HOM. I. 209; of qvike 
and of dede Langl. B xix. 53 ; qvike [cwike] 
(dot. pi.) La^ 27317 ; qvic ei^te ROB. 537 ; 
owiokure (compiar,) A. R. 112; cwikeat 
(supi.) A. R. 112 ; camp, s&m-oweoc. 

owie-lioha, adv., quickiyt a. r. 246 ; qvicliche 
[cwidiche] La). 4697 ; qvic-, qvikliche Will. 
908^ 2127 ; qvikliche Aus. 2607 ; owioluker 
{c^mpar,) a. r. 270. 



qrik-mire; sb., gmcknw^^ pl. cr. 226. 

ow i o newe , sb., quickness^ a. R. 150; qvik- 
nesse PR. P. 421. 

qvik-sUver, sb., O.E. cwicseolfor; gmck- 
sUver, Ch. C. t. A 629 ; Mand. 52. 

owiddeiit v., 0£. cwiddian; cf. O.N. kvi^ja, 
OM.G. qvettan, chvettan ; say, Orm. 19358 ; 
owiddest (pres.) Kath. 2172; ase hire 
nome cwiddeV A. r. 174; qviddi^ La^ 
35325; qvidde)> Misc 85; owiddeden (pret,) 
Orm. 8013 ; qviddeden (sec. text cwiadede) 
La3; 13775; owldded (ppie.) ORM. 282; 
icwiddet hom. I. 261. 

owide^ sb^ O.E. cwide, cwyde, >■ OJL.G., 
OM.G. qvidi, O.N. kvi^r m,; from aw686n ; 
sa^ngj promise; iigacv^ A. R. 208; ^s 
wite^an cwide ... is ifuUed HOM. I. 91 ; idi 
for3ive aelchere widewe hire laverdes qvide 
[cwide] La^. 14857 ; qvide Q. & N. 685 ; qvede 
GEN. & EX. 1463 ; qvethe Gaw. 115P ; qvidea 
[cwides] (//.) La^. 9141 ; on ^den cwiden 
Mat. v. 27 ; comp. bi-owide; 

qyelieoword, ^h.^ promise, ^iegatumf PR. P. 
42a 

owie, sb., O.N. kvlga : iieifer; qwie ^juvencd* 
VOC. 218. 

qwie-oal4 s^m 0,N. kvTgrukHlfr, prov.Eng. 
why calf ; female calf, ' vituiaj VOC 219. 

owilden, v., O.E, cwidan,'^ 0.//.G. qvichan, 
chichan ; enliven, make or be lively ; qwiken 
PR. a 1723 ; qvikin PR. P. 421 ; qvikin [qvike] 
C M. 8622 ; qvikie S. A. L. 159 ; qvlkle [qvike] 
(fres.) Langl. ^xviii. 344; \^ brond ]« is 
al aqvenched . . . ne qvik^ he nevre HOM. I. 
81; qviken HOM. II. 177; owikede {pret,) 
H. M. 43 ; qviked (pple.) Ch. C. T. Fioio ; 
comp. arowiklen. 

owiknen, v., O.N. kvikna ; ^uiclun, give life, 
receive life; qviknin ^vivtfico^ PR. P. 421; 
qvikene WiCL. Lr. xvii. 33 ; qvikne (pres,) 
Langl. B xviii. 344* ; a^en qvikenid (?/. r. 
qvikide) [* revixit*] WiCL. GEN. xlv. 27*. 

owiatOt sb., O.E. (ge)cwiss, = C?b/A. (missa-) 

qiss; from owdSea; bequest; qviste Hav. 

219; comp.hi-qyeste, 
owiver [cover], adj., O.E. cwifcr; brisk, 

lively, A. R. 14a 
ow^d, sb., 0,E. cwyld, cwild m. /. n,, cf. 

O.H.G. qvelida /; from ow61en; death, 

slaughter, ^pestis,^ FRAG. 3. 



dft, sb., O.E. di; doe, Iw. 2027; do ^dama* 
FRAG. 3 ; Man. (F.) 15749; doo PR. P. 124 ; 
WiCL. PROV. vi. 5. 

dabbe, sb., stroke, slap, Alis. 2306. 

dabben, v., cf. M.Du, dabben ;- slap, strike ; 
dabbe)> (pres.) P. s. 192. 

dndf see dSad. 

d»de, sb., O.E. ^Ad,^0X.G. d&d, OJ/. dil¥, 



<5o 



dMe. 



C<itk.i^bd»,O.HjG.iat/.;Jr»MMn; ittd; 
dede La^ 365(6; A. R. 63; OsM^ 3367; 
Rob. 73 ; fr. c 3485 ; or he dide ani o)«i 
dede Hav. 1356; bitvex him & ^ wu mail 
a. prive dcde Mak. (H.) 359; in dede CH. C 
T. ^ti59; dade hom. 11. 187; dMa {,pL\ 
FRAG. 3; Brd. 37; dede, dcden P. L. & 
viii- 5) 45 ; dxdc dede, deden [dcdei} LA). 
4B64, 6564, 14177 ; dede, dade, deden, dedet 
HOM. iL % 15, 131, 333 J dzden Mat. xviiL 
31 ; deden C L. 938 ; his uvele deden A. R. 
86 ; mi gode deden 8PKC 99 ; in . . . mint 
dearne deadet Kath. J7S ; dtdan {^m. pi.) 
Hott. !■ 1 17 ; dMaa, dede {dot. pi.) MOM. I. 
99, 159; deden rsAG. 7; Lk^. 13976; dede 
p. L. s. vUi. 3 ; o. & N. 1376 ; am^. nlmw . 
gOd-, barm-, mis-, crfbr-, &▼»!-, wel-dAd*. 
dAdrbSU, sb., O.E. diedbtt; ataiumtnt, 
rtparaHoH for a erimt, Ouc 6035 ; ^ ded- 
bote HOU. 1. 33; pemtence ^ ia dedbote 
A. R. 348; ntis&c(c}ioun dedbote ayknb. 
33 ; deedboce kku 11. 343. 
dai, ab., 0£. dies, - JL.G. dag, OJ^rtt. dei, 
O.A^ dagr, Goth, dags, 0./r.G. tag ; d<^, SaX. 
CHR.360; dKi,daiLA}.833,ioa^; dejHOU. 

I. 333 ; dei & niht 65 ; del Kath. 747 ; td dal 
/o-d^,786; deiA.R.3o; todai278; dajMOH. 

II. 357 ; >e lalste daj (mi, da^) Oru. 4168; 
^odes gast of beAie u>m ... an dai at underti 
time 19458 ; to daj 541 5 ; daig Mat. vi. 34 ; 
dai rRAO. 7 ; CBN. s. ex. 83 ; (ms. day) PROCL. 
7; » dai ^ dt^ O. & M. 319; hit was ne^ 
dai li)t p. L. s. xvii. 377 ; as hi fiKhedc a dai 
bi>e se P.L.S.XX.3; »1 dai [£?.£. eahie dsg] 
BEK.1458; ]>et babbeb td dai hare e^etohevene 
AVEKB. 75 ; nou a dai Gow. 1. 64 ; dai^M. 
danei \0.E. d^cges] (gen.) Sax. Chr. 349, 351 ; 
daeijei LA}. 30031: d^eies [daijesl and nihtes 
3355 ; ^1 da)es [dates] lihte 3^464 ; deijes 
HOH. 1. 97 ; deies & nibtcs 7 ; deies A. R. 356 : 
daiea Kath. 1078 ; (ww. dayca) Hav. 3353 ; b 
daiei lihte o. & N. 1431 ; have^ daies kare 
1590; be dues (for dxje) Sax chr. 361; 
nou a daies Ch. C.T. (71396; dj^«, dsie, daic 



\0.E. dagel (lArf.) La). 83, 3775, 4933 ; 
'■— " '•^--1619090 ; iefter his dae [daiie 

rdes kingei de)e ANCL. Vll. : 



dxie 



de^, deije, deie, daie hom. I. 99, 191, 339 . 
dai^e Mx. x. 34 ; deie Jul. 10 ; bi deie a. r. 
33; daieFl.& B1.359; bi daie O. &N. 341 ; 
itacM'[(?.f. dagas] (pi.) Mat. xxviii. 30; 
dajes HOH. I. It; dajen 119; dashes Oru. 
1903 ; da^s, d^ejes, dsies, dawes [d^s, 
dal)es, daies, dawes] La^ iii3, 3^95 • 8734, 



dahes Kath.. 1563, 1844; daies misc. 
Will. 3843 ; Wicl. John xi. 6 ; dales, dawes 
Brd. 5; 6; daigesGEN.&EX.3455; dawes a-B. 
70 ; dawes HlSC 38 ; Hav. 3344 ; Aus. 1436 ; 
Gow. II. 113; Laukf. I ; dxges L£SCHD. 111. 
84; deajes FRAG. 5 ; d^to [(?.£. daga] (/oi. 
pi.) Mat. zxiv. 89; fifti ixyt. hom. I. 87; 



d^ene, dawene 1^3615,460$; twenti dahene 
gong Kath. 3V3 ; dJuenSHOR.ia6; dacoD 

Xdat.pi.) Ul it. 35; ^igen HAT.ii 



II. 47; dagben Ktsa 35 ; on >aD dqien 
LUCHD. 111.84; dawea Aus. 5631 ; ofdage 
brogten Cen. & ex. 3545 ; bi olde dawe MISC. 
47 ; P. L. S. xiii. 19 ; ^ be had bngt of dawe 
FER.3143; mani a bold boni was Moe broi^ 
of dawe Wiu. 3817 ; amtp. dte^-, «aatar-, 
■nd«-. ySL; hlU-, Ur-, lov*-. MMaas, nea t a . 
aomar-, w4-d«i (dai. dai}. 

dalaa fi^•, sb., dm^, Aus. 7511 ; daies ie 
Ch. C. t. a 333 ; daies qet spec 43. 

dMl-tawam-lIa^ adj., O.E. dz^warotlc; 
-daily; me daihwamlidie bred HOM. 11. 37; 
heote d^whamlike swine Oru. 6338 ; dai- 
hwamfieha (adv.) HOU. 1. 17. 

dal-U, adj., O.E. daegtlc; daily, a. P. i. 
313- 

dal-Uht, sb., O.E. dsglfioht ; dayligAt, U). 

III. 89; TOWMI. 3. 

dalc-rSd, sb., O.E. daeg-, dzgerEd, -t£d, - 
M.£fii. dagboaed ; dtrwn, JOHM viiL 3 ; r. s. 
iv. (uisc 163). 

dai;-rtwa, sb., dawn, HOU. II. 355 ; daiiewe 
O. & N. 338* ; daieiewe uisa 163; danaw« 
A.P. iL893; Alex. 393. 

dal-itoma, sb., O.E. da:grima ; d^hreak, 
' aurora,' rel. I. 130 (hou. II. 167) ; dairim 
o. & N. 338 ; dsalrfma (dot.) Sax chr. 349. 

daf-aanc, sb., day-singing; wid di^sang & 
wid uhtensang Oru. 6358. 

dai-aprln^ sb., day-xpring; Aus. 439a 

dal-ataonc, sb., O.E. daegstemra ; d^-t/ar, 
a & N. 338 ; daistene Wicl. Job xxxviii. 33. 
dJDl, dU, sb., O.E. dx\ m., dil n., cf. O.L.G., 
O.Frii. del m. »., OJV. deili n., Goth, dails/, 
O.H.G. teil M. ff ., m0d.Eng. deal ; pari,portion : 
^ moare dzi of heom procl. 3 ; iwhilc d«l 
Orh. [73a; del 3715; muchel del of bb cunne 
I-Al. 9436 ; t>at beste del [deal] 3951 ; mesten 
dKl (t ms. dall [del] alle nearly ail 3153; 
muche deal goldes 6079; nennedal (tfor^H) 
John xiii. 8 ; del ShOR. 145 ; LaNGL. Jxv. 
480 ; Auad. (R.) xiv ; ^c del hom. 1. 339 ; 
be meste del A. R. 330; ^eX feirest del 376; 
\%\ beste del hom. II. 143; sum del 0.& N.870; 
mi song were ispild'ech del 1037; sum del 
GEN, & EX. 353 ; Bkk. 688 ; ha was sum del 
oflruhl Kath. 668; mesten del Mark. 17; 
i](c) del Hav. 818 ; bat ober del Brd. 3 ; Jw 
furbe del Will. 1384; dcel Trev. I. 153; 
^he^ grat del ine hiskende ayenb. 17; eche 
' daies dol 1 1 3 ; hi nolden ^r of makie nones 
cunnes dol uiSC 50; he hxfde to dxle ^t 
5u¥land Laj. 3111 ; him bat lond to dale 
com 3117; from be o^ dele of Engelond 
Trev. II. 85; dAlea (^.) frag, i; ddea, 
doles Mat. il 33, xvL 13 ; deles, doles ayimb. 



dftt 

17 ; be a Gf dxk [deUe] dzlde hii ferde La;. 
31135 ; lUla (gtn.pl.) rRAC. I ; ahm/. aftar-, 
ftir-, )•-. or-. U-dM (-dU, -dfil) ; ut also 



sitmrtr, HOM. 1. 47. 

d»l8n,r^ af-dielam-aj-Cdeiiwi, (?J=>t'j. 
daia, aAT. deila, Goth, dailnn, O^.C?. tciUn, 
mwLEng. deal ; db'vt'igb, »lar«, Orh. 6175 \ 
hco wolden al )u lond dKkn [deole] heom bi- 
twenen I^] 4053 ; to daslen aiid to dihtcn ^is 
kioelond 33637 ; ^ heo gunnen ddca (ii^- 
rat*)iZtgj\ nuwttscullenddcn(^^A/aJMi/) 
^e d£« of tnire mxj/ta 36041 ; heo gunnen 
<Wen (^j*/) 30417; >et i(± mote delen 
(/Hi* >iv^J iDe bam a. r. 38 ; dcalcn lif & 
Mok 334; to dealen bis feder chetel to 
DeodfuI(l)e 214; delen hi$c.49 ; to delen ^t 
uvel from be gode c. i- 139; to dden with 
■wicb poraille Ch. C. T. .i4 247 i delcAYBNR 
76 ; S. S. (Wr.) 3443 ; PR. C 3460 ; dele, deaJe 
0. & N. 954 ; hi d*l»B {pr*s.) FRAC 6 ; ^i 
dele^ LaNcl. J X. 38 ; ^womman bat ]c with 
delen (aikaiit) ^ vii. 90 ; on four doles delen 
befegerGEN. & ex. 151; iiSl'(iMptr,)QXs. 
Sc EX. 3339; del«% elmesse 'ita/t tU{e)- 
me^nam' Hou. 1. 111 ; ^t¥u ne dUe U^j.) 
[share) nobt ^ inne 67 ; dMd» (fret.) LA}. 
- 3II36; delde Bbk. 1191 ; delden HOH. I.91 ; 
dUad {fipii.) Oru. 598 ; deled Rob. 33 ; 
CHR. E. 370 ; ^s ^g was deled and dijt so 
hem ^oaji best Ar. & Mek. 5349 ; em^. bl-, 
j»-, tO-dUen. 
dil»r«, sb, O.E. dielere ; divider, 'partUor, 
dUtributor; PR. P. I17 ; PRAG. 3. 

dUanda, sb., O.E. dxlend (Lk. xii. 14) ; 
partner: non to bim ne come ne delende 
nere of bis eadinesse hoh. 1. 317. 
dOlngai sb., — O.H.G- teilunea ; dealing, 
partitioH,divinoH,TviKV.\.i^T, ['J/tlriiutit>'} 
Wio- HUM. xxxvi.4; onw^. U-dUlnga. 

OMIp, ttt dBaV. 

daflb, ia.,fool, idiot, FVP- tit ; defTc ti6 ; 
P.S.328; I.ANCL..^i.i39j Ch. C. T. ./4 4308. 

[dAfEbn* v., render foolish s £m>^. bl-dafhn.] 

dafli, adj., 0£. (ge-)dscft, mod.Eng. deft, daft ; 
miU, gentle.- stupid: donmb and daft Map 
343 ; &fte Oru. 3I7S ; Chest. 1. 134 ; deft 
'(*)«&«;' PR-p. 116; f^t defte meiden RiL. I. 
909 ; comp. ^-daft. 
tbifta-l^c^ ^., gentleness, Orh. 31&8. 
tbifta-lika, adv., meekly, becomingly, Orm. 
1315 ; deftli LAI le fr. 360. 

[d>f^ adj., cf. £-Ger., Du. deftig.] 
daftlj-Hka, sb., decently, ORU. 15931. 

d^, MedaL 

Cikif ab., O.E. d9g, iih,-M.DM. deegh, 0./^. 
deigr, Goth, daigs, O.H.G. tcig ; from root of 
Gwi. deigan (vXiicmia') ; dougk \ dab ' massa ' 
ntAG. 4i dagh voc. 301 ; do) aybhb. 305 ; 
4ogh Mntc 1883 ; dob lkichs. III. 88 ; dou 



dsigenlng. 



15' 



Kn.II. 377; dS^M(<it/.),L.C.C4t; tamp. 
aOx^dft}. 
dfiu-Tlbba^ sb., iaJter's scraper, ' sarpa, eosta 
ftuthaiis; PR. P. 139 ! VOC. (W. W.) 575. 
dBu-troti^i, -tron, sb., kneading trvmgk,. 
PR. p. 139. 
dagen, fiy dt^lan. 

dagge, sb., OSr. dague ; strip ofelelk, 'frae- 
tillus! PR. P. 111; DEP. R. iiL 193; higbe 



jsKBDu, vy O.Fr. daguer; tear into rags: 
leet dagge bis clo^ Langu Bxt. 143 ; daggaa 
ipres.) D. Arth. 3t03 ; dacgad [ppU.) CH. C. 

T. 743 1. 

dagglnB, At., act if sUttitig; dagging of 

sberes Ch. C. T. /418. 

[daggen, v., P—dtawui ; comp. bl-daggen.] 
dagger, sb., digger, Ch. C. T. A 393. 
daggered, adj., wearing « dagger: now 

awerded, now daggered Mamd. 137. 
dK[ieii,v., a£. daeian.-aA'. daga, O.A.G. 

tagen \Jr0m Ami ; dawn, become day ; (ms. dai- 

jen) ftutieje] La}. 36940 ; dagen CRN, & ex. 

16; ^in,dawin PR.F.113; dawen SPEC 96 ; 

S. S. (Web.) 3349 ; dawe Will. 3361 ; Langl. 

£xviii. 179; daget! (pres.) hou. II. 103; 

dawe% A. R. 353 ; )ier dawe^ bim no dai Cu. 

C. T. A 1676 ; dawe [subj.) p. s. 338 ; d^eda^ 

dawede ipret.) Laj. 1694, 8523; dawed 

Degr. 597 ; comp: a-, of-d^on. 
dawunge, sb., O.E. Aa.^i\%,= Jtf'.If.6. tag- 

unge ; dawning, a. R. so ; dawmge jftosf 308 ; 

dairingTREV.Vni.343»; dagheinge HaUP. 

PS. xlv. 5 ; btxiii. 17. 
d^oieo, v., frr d^lan; ^mm; dawnin 

PR. p. 1 14. 
dalgaDlng, dalenlng, ab., — Dan., Swed. 

dagnin^;; dawning, gen. & ex. 77, 3164; 

dawening Aus. 403 ; daweniage Cu. C. T. 

.54372; TRKV.II.9; danninge PR. P. 115. 
dagotin, s.h.,piKe \ofclalh, etc.), Ch. C. T. D 

175'. 
dagswame, sb., blanket; daggisweine PR. P. 

113; dubhide wiK dagawalnnea {pi.) dow- 

blede they seme D. Artu. 361a 
dfthijwdi^ 
dahet, sb., OJ^r. dabait, desbet ; misforttau ; 

dahet [v. r. dehaet] habbe ^t iUce best . . . 

^ fule|> his owe nest O. & N. 99 ; da^t 

it printed dayet) Man. (H.) 143 ; da^it S. S. 

3395 ; da}>et (inlerj.), woe to, evil btfail. All. 

8c Auiu 15691 Trist. 1875; da^it Ha v. 300, 

936 ; dait Jul.* 303 ; dai ^t p. l. s. xix. 357. 
daheS, sb., from di^leti ; t dawn ; eucb 

daheoea (f m.) dei every day at dawn JUL. ^. 
dai, dajg, see Ami. 
daietie, see dflleria. 






15a 



dalo* 



daflohen. 



dale, 8b.9 0£. dalc» dolc,»(7JV. dalkr; fin^ 
brooch^ *• (spi)rUer^ FRAG. 2 ; daike firma^ 
culum^ moniU CATH* 89 ; dole sor and blein 
GEN. & sx. 5027. 

d41a, sb^ O.E.^sid,cf.OX.G^Goih.dal^ OJI.G. 
tal n^ 0.N, dab- M.y daU^ valley^ Orm. 9203 ; 
Rob. 362 ; Langl. A prol. 15 ; pr. c. 1044; 
^ dale La^ 27166 ; dila (dot:) o. & N. i ; 
gen. & ex. 19 ; Alis. 2550 ; dAlea (^.) La^ 
20860; Map 348 ; deales a. R. 282 ; daien 
(dot, pi) Laj. 21775. 

dfttot ^h.^'^MJ^.G, dele, G(4h, daila (jurox'hf 
O.H,G, teila, modEng, dole ; divisian^firi\ 
ane dale HOif. I. 123 ; Kath. 99 ; ne soialtu 
babben . . . dale cf heovene riche Marh. 22 ; 
be feor^ dale Orm. 8273 ; ne scalt ^ naever 
nalden dale of mine lande Li^ 3084; ^ 
feox^ dale 331 1 ; ape daele (/y^v'dale) 17754; 
dole GEN. & EX. 152 ; c. L. 291 ; A. P. i. 136 ; 
^eos laste dole A. r. 412 ; heo eoden to ^re 
dale La). 19666; dfilen (//.) A. R. 10; sa 
dAL 

dali, 8b.9 / OJ^r. daille ; dU, ' tessera^ aUai PR. 
P. 112. 

dalianoe [daliaimoe'L sb., dalliance^ Ch. C. 
T. ^ 211 ; daliaunce Gaw. 1012. 

dalieiit v., dalfy^ play ; dali Gaw. 1253 ; dalle 
Man. (H.) 116; disours dalie Aus. 6991 ; 
dailiaden {pret) Gaw. 1114. 

dalke, sb., tdim. i/dAla ; little dale, * valUsJ 
VR. P. 112; REL. II. 78; dalk PR. c 6447. 

dalke, see dalo. 

dallet sb., modMeU, doll ; hand ; put fiirthe 
Jn dalle TowNL. 118. 

dalmatik, adj., OJ^r. dalmatique, ZoA dal- 
matica ; dalmatic, PR. P. 112 ; VOC. 249. 

dam, sb.) O.N. damr,= O.Fris. dam, dom, 
M,H,G, tam ; dam, * aj^er,^ PR. P. 1 13; * stiMg" 
num ' voa 239 ; PS. cvi. 3^5*. 

dam', sb., OJ^r.dam, dan, dans, Zo/.dominus; 
sir (prefixed to names), Hav. 2468 ; y& boc is. 
dan Michelis ayenb. i ; be ersebisshop of 
Anxus, danz Guard Man. (H.) 147. 

damfige, sb., OJ^r. damage; damage, Alis. 
959 ; Trev. II. 391 ; Man. (F.) 4552. 

damaging, sb., damage, injury: withoute 
damagingue LEG. 45. 

damanin, sb., damson (plum), pr. p. 113; 

voc. 192 ; damisina (//.) widie withe )»er 

taste delite Lidg. m. p. 15. 
ddme, sb., 0,Fr, dame; dame, lady, Kath. 

2111 ; A. R. 230; R. s. vii; Mand. 302; 

Perc 336. 
dameaele, sb., 0*Fr. damisele, dameisele; 

damsel, Horn. (L.) 1169; damisele Will. 

401. 

damnable, adj., Fr, damnable ; condemnable', 
dampnable Shor. 152. 

damnaoioun, sb., Fr, damnation ; damnation, 
Cu. A. B. c 23. 



danmeiif v., Fr. damner; amdenm; damn! 

AYJBNB. 137. 

dampen, v., dronm^ suffocate ; damped (ppie.) 
A. p. ii. 989. 

dan, see dtask\ dAne, see dtee. 

danger, sb., OFr. dangier, daunger, mod,Eng, 
danger; control, power; resistance, A. R. 356 ; 
Shor. 162 ; Ch. C. t. A 663 ; now wolde 
God, i had her all wijioute dannger at my 
wille Gow. II. 4a 

dangeriia, adj., Q,Fr. danjgereos ; dangerous, 
hard to please, A. R. 108 ; Ch. C. t. ^2129. 

dank, sb., dampness : on ]« danke (dot) of 
^ dewe many dede liggis D. Arth. 375a 

dank, adj., damp ; dannke D. Arth. 313. 
danken, v., cf, Swed danka ; bedew, damp ; 
dankit (pret.) D. Troy 7997. 

dans, xf^ dam. 

daper, adj., tM,Dti, dapper (brave),^. O.H,G. 

tapher (heavy, brave) ; deeper \ dapir ^eU" 

gans* PR. F. 113. 

[dappel, ? >" OJVl depill (macula)^ 

dappel-grai, adj., dapple-gray, Ch. C. t. 
J? 2074. 

dar, sb., dace (the fish), ^capitoi voc. 253; 
darce B. B. 156, 174. 

dar % sb., / OJ^. darr (spear) ; dart, ^jaculumi 
voc 253 ; (voc W.W. 558 reads dart, but 
the index has dar). 

dar, see dear and )>arfl 

darial, sb., 0,Fr, dariole; kind of pastry, 
darials (pL) L. c c 38; with darielles 
endordide D. Arth. 199. 

d^rin, v., l^L,Ger,, Du,, Fris, (be-)daren; 
lurk, be concealed, Uateo,* PR. P. 113 ; LiDG. 
M. P. 153; dare SPEC 50; trans. XVIII. 
26; WiCL. Mk. vii. 24; Man. (F.) 5183; 
Gaw. 2258 ; a. p. i. 838; dArie {pres,) Marh. 
16 ; dare E. T. 553 ; i droupe and dare MiN. 
i. 9 ; dare% so ge ded were REL. 1. 217 ; and 
dari^ ^r for drede Trlam. 321 ; we dearie^ 

Ks, 43 ; deovelen ]iat in ham dearie^ [daried] 
th. 553 ; daren ant. Arth. iv ; dare Ch. 
C. T. -&1293; dire (subj.) o. & N. 384; 
dearede ipret,) Kath. 1135; dared Will. 
4055 ; conip, at-dirlen. 

dark, see dearo. 

darnel, sb., Fr, darnel; dcuytel. Trey. VII. 
525 ; M. h. 145 ; demel WiCL. Mat. xiii. 25, 
29; ^sizania, lolium* PR. P. 119; demehi 
(fl,) [v, r, demeiles, darnels] Wicx. Mat. 
xiiL 30. 

dart, sb., 0,Fr. dart [cf 0,E, daro*, O.N. 
darra¥r, O.H,G, tart]; dart, ^telum,' PR. P. 
114; Mand. 117; Ch. C. t. yi 1564. 

darten, v., cf 0,Fr, darder; pierce with a 

dart, H. R. 143. 

daaohen, v., cf Dan, daske, Swed, daska; ?.« 
, dwSsohen ; dash, rush, strike ; dasche Alis. 

2887; dasche a doun P. L. S. xvii. 366; 



(Jrtt. pL) Ar. & Mer. 9135; iMr 
id* {fipU.) A. V. iii. 313 ; daMlits (/r»/.) 

Rob. 51; dasscd AR.JkMSR. 6393 ;dast 9171. 
dsMireii, JM (Ualn. 
[daai, adj., (7^ 5ttw^ duig.] 
dHl-bard, ■!)., ^jf: i.C dfisbftrt; nw^UUm, 

voc 217; dosebeirde, dossiberde CUBTT. 

II. 34, 1. «»■ 
diain, v., O.N. dua (J/ tlumsh\^MJ>u. 

dasen, dwaaciv (mv^, A« foeitsk), O.E. dme- 

■igeaa (^ foolish), inod.Eng. due; ^nrv 

d'm, jvmtr <li**Ji; stupefy, bnviLUr, ' Mieo,' 

PR. F. 114 ; dase M. T. 311 ; be qen scbiDen 

not dascwe [' non caiigadunt'] Wicl. Is. xxxii. 

3 ; i <Um (fires.) and i dedir Townl. aS ; >e 

ei}endasewetiP. R.L.P. 331; dasen [daseweu, 

daawenj Ch. C. t. J/31 ; OiaaA (prtt.) A. P. 

iiL 383 ; diMd (ppU.) Ch. h. f. 658 ; L. U. R. 

3i6 ; PR. C. 6647 ; comp. »-dAaon. 
dlaad-li, adv., coldly, indiffetttttly, when 

a man God dasedli loves pr. c gloss. 389. 
<1<— dnea, sb., colttMtss, iftdifftrtiKt, PR. C 

4904- 
dastard, tb., tjrom OJf. dsestr {■meofy), 

mod.Eng. dastard; ttt^d person; dastuil 

or dullard PR. p. 1 14. 
d«Bwen, «« dAaln. 
lUte, sb., Fr. date ; date {point of tinu), Ch. 

C. T. C1411 ; Man. (F.) 1747. 
dite, sb., O.Fr. date; dattlfinit), 'dactyhu,' 

pa. P. 114; d^taa {pi.) Mand. 57. 
dafwt, dafiet, see dabat 
dan, daw, adj., fmelanchofyi if god heipe 

amang i mai sit downe daw TOWKL. a6. 
dau-li, dawU, adv., f sadly, miserably, t>. 

Troy 738, 870. 

dawll-Ii, adv.,/f>r dawli, d. Troy ;359. 
dftttbin, v., daub, plaster, ' limo \flimo\, 

muro; PR. P. 1 14; daauben {pres.) {^h'niune] 

Wlci. Ez. xiii. 11; doube {imper.) a. P. ii. 

313- 
daubar, sb., dauber, ' argillarius' pr. p. 

114; voc 181. 

dMibtnge, s\>., plaster, Langl. C\x. 198. 
dmnoe, sb., O.Fr. dance, danse ; dtaiee ; ^re 

1ra9nodaunceGow.IlI.391; daunse [daunce] 

Ch, C. t. a 476 ; daimoes {pi.) Aus. 6990. 
daunoen [datmaen], v., OJ^r. dancer, danser ; 

datue, Ch. O. t. A 2203; daunce Gow. II. 

95; daanoen {pres.) Alis. 5313; )Kia ^u 

daunce a. p. i. 345 ; datmald (pret.) Kicu. 

165; daunsed Gow. 1036; ^se damseles 

daun^de LamCI. Cxxi. 471. 
daunoere, sb., dancer, ' tripudiaior, tri- 

Pudiatrixi PR. P. 114. 
daunoMoaiB, sb., {femaie) dancer', daunse- 

resse Wicl. Eca.us. ix. 4. 
daunoing, sb., dancing, s. & C II. xxii ; 

dawncinge, idem est quod dawnce PR. P. 114; 

"■ '--flpipe 'carola\v%. P. 114. 



dtef: 153 

daoiiaelni,v.,.^)««B>, cwTH, fajUr; datmaa* 
led {^U.) Lakgl. A-a.yx 

dannnen, v., fondle, caress (v. r. daunte), 
Wid- Is. bcvi 13. 

daunt, sb., check, stoppage : ^ crouei dnnt 
jaf hini a daunt L. U. It. 145. 

dannten, v., OFr. danter, donter, frm Lot. 
domitije ; subdue, tame, Lancl. A iii. 368 : 
daunte WiCL. MK. v. 4; daunted {pret.} 
Langl. Sxv. 393. 

dannten, v., f fondle ; upon ^ knei men ibal 
daunte )ou [' blandientur vobis'^ WlCL. Is. 
bcvi. la ; daunt LiDG. H. P. 35. 

da we, %h.,= O.H.G. t&ha; daw, 'monedula,* 
CATH. 91 ; eomp. oirdawe. 

dawien, see d^lan. dawunge, see under 
dajien. day, see d«L 

da-, prefix, imitating words from O.Fr. with 
de-yErrdes-^dis-; x w dabieldea, debrtken. 

dS, sb., 0./V. d<; die {for playing) ; dee GOW. 
II. 309; d«a (pi.) AYENB. 45 ; dees Gow. II. 
39 ; dees [dis] Ch. C. t. r467 ; dise TowMU 
340 ; dise {used as sing.) ' alea ' vOC aos ; 
dice FR. P. lao; dieta (pi.) PR. P. 131. 

diad, adj., O.E. dead,-OJ^ris. d£d, dftth, 
OX.G. dod, 0.M dauKr, Goth, daujw, O. 
H.G. tot; dead, HOU. I. 51 ; A. R. 154; R, 
s. V. ; LiDG. u. P. 35 ; dead, dsd La). 196^ 
3540 ; dead [ded] O. & N. 1619 ; GEN. & ex. 
317, 3493 ; diad, diead ayenb. la, 79; after 
>at he was dfed for us Orm. ii J51 ; ded Hav. 
634 ; ded [deed] Ch. C. t. .^ i^ ; ¥« dede se 
GEM. & EX. 750 ; ^ dede slep the sleep of the 
dead Ch. D. Bl. 127 ; [* dide slep Fl. & 
BL. 66; ^ brude deade iweard La). 394; 
^ daedan fraC. 5 ; dSadna {ace. m.) La). 
7993 ; dSade {pi.) Jul. 63 ; ties be(^ dead« 
A. X. 310 ; )ia deden Hou. 1. 37 ; deden, dede 
[deade] LA]. 9179, 33873 \ \^ deade A. R. 390 ; 
wi^ )ie dede Perc. 155; dSadre (^m.)iiianne 
I' mertuorum'l Mat. xxii. 33; comp. eain- 
ded. 

d£ad-Uo, adj., O.E. dead-, deatilc, - O JT. 
G. tod-, totllb; deadly, deathly, mortal, 
HOH. I. 333; deadlich Kath. 1104; A. R. 
306; diadlich uisc 37; a dedlich mon 
Uisc 46; dea%lic HOM. I. 331; deadliche 
senne Shor. 99 ; deadliche ifoan FROCL. 6 ^ 
bine dxdliche ivan Laj. 8550; deadli 
tdeedli] Wicu Esth. xiii. 3; dedli Gow. 
I. 35J; Langl. Bx\v. 78; d5dIIohe ladv.) 
Marh. 33; he leneje^ diadliche ayekb. 86. 
deadlioneaae, sb., (?.£. deadllcness; 
deadliness, A. R. 383. 
dMe->touT«, sb., death-throe, PR. c. 1830. 

deaden, see dAdea. 

leaf, adj. & sb., Q.E. deaf, = O.Fris. dat 
OX.C. dOf, O.N. daufr, Goth, daubs, O.H.G. 
toub; deaf, Marh. 30; diaf ayenb. 1 ; dtef 
Orh. 9887 ; def Map 335 ; def [deef] Ch. 
C. T. A 446; deef PR. a 783 ; Lidg. u. p. 



154 ddal 

189 ; LUD. Cov. 354; dtan (fil.) Marh. 6; 
deveHOH. II. 139; defe [deve] Lancl. £ xix. 
136; (^) deave Kath. 1061. 
dfif-11, adv., deajljr, TOWNU 100. 
de&M, sb., deafnest, ' sunA'tas,' VO& 334. 

dSlQ, sb., 0.£. d^ag, deah ; tfyr, coiaur; dihe 
Ida/.) MISC. ,193. 

dfiaien, v., O.E. deagan (firet. dEog), diagian 
(MONK 356); ifye; deie [die] Ch. C. t. 
Fyas (Wr. 11037); diin 'tttieo' pr. p. 134; 
died [idljed] ObiUr.) Trev. If. 331. 
dftlw, [diera], sb., dyrr, CH, C. T. A 363 
(364) ; dihjerM (fi.) E. c. 359. 
dleoters, sb., dyer, leC. 40. 

dteh, v., O.E. deah, dear, - OJ..G. dSg, 
GdA. daug (irvu^M'fHii, O.H.G. toug {prtt.- 
^es.) ; ispower/ui; isi^fitttng (pportti) ; deab, 
deh Kath. 1446, 1853 ; deh Mark, i ; deib 
HOH. I. 303 ; ^t ou me deib a. R. 420 ; The- 
bald nouht ne deih Man. (H.) 133 ; )>at ^ing 
^t noht ne dxb Oru. 4873 ; hwile ^ine dages 
dugen rel. I. 184; tUriv. dt^flo, dt^Ve, 
dubtl). 

deftkne, le* dUona. ddal, st* dSL 

dealOi interj. [Str^m. rtgards this as imper. 
of dJUon ; others compart OJ-'r. deu le set 
(Godktwwi\^ttxpres$i»gVfon^: lo, deale, 
hwat he sei% a. r. 361 ; 286 ; o, dele, fris is 
K fole Briton Man. (H.) 167. 

dear, v., Q.E. dearr, dear,«f?.Z.£;. (gi-)(lar, 
Gotk. dais, O.H.G. (ge-)tar, (prtL-pns^; dart, 
HOH. I. 187; A»x MarB. 16; ORH. 10659; 

O. &H. IIIO; H. K. 142; P. S.334; AYENB. 

33 ; Will. 564 ; Iancl. £xv. 108; Mand. 
349 ; SACR. 3 16 ; der HOH. I. 37 ; Laj. 6639 ; 
A. R. 306 ; SaOR. 5 ; dar«t, d^rst, dant La;. 
9037s, 24779, 24785 ; derst bom. I. 37 ; Jul. 
47 ; darst Orh. 561 5 ; Q. & N. 853 ; c L. 1081 ; 
Bou ^rslou . . . nemne his name BRD. 37 ; 
durran {pi.) Jul. 43 ; ne durren [dorren] heo 
me&btdenLA^ 15063; durre Alis. 1314; men 
durre {tfor ^rve) selde here orf in hous a 
wintre bringe ROB. 43 ; dorrvn, done ayenb. 
»3,'78 ; doreo p. s. 335 ; Wicl gbn. xliv. 36 ; 
duTMAKD.371; dur[dore] Ch. C.T.(?66i 



3; durren A. R.lsS; dtriv. durrwi, dur- 

deKTC, adj., O.E. deorc ; dark, OR. 36 ; dare, 
dorc Jul. 30,31 ; Aa)t^tem*brosui,obseurus'' 
PR. P. 119; Rob. 560; CL.71; Gow. II. 130; 
Mand. 337 ; lud. Cov. 31 ; deorc Lk. xi. 34 ; 
rRAC.5; deorkBEK.1411; dorcHOU.I.353; 
durk TREAT. 134 ; p. L. S. ii, 43 ; dirk ant, 
Arth. vi ; LiDG. b. p. 144 ; darke nijt P. 57 ; 
dorcke nibt (r. niht) Laj. 7563* ; darker 
(com^or^ LaNCL.£x. 183; AMA»^(superl.) 



dftatL 

dBTk-Uoha, adv^ O.E. deordlce; darkfy, 
Langl. (Wr.) 6363. 

d«rkn«aM, sb., darktuss, Lanol. ^xvi. 85 ; 
Ch. Ct.A 1451. 

deurk, sb., darkntss ; derk, Will. 1385 ; 
Alis.' (Sk.) 714; bi )« derke Horn (L.) 
"431. 

dwk-flil, adj., O.E.. deordiill ; dark [' tent' 
hvsvt'], Wio- Lk. xi. 34. 

dMrkien, v., f O.E. (a-)deorcian ; makt 
dark/ lurk tH tkt dark: derkin 'oitatre' 
PR. P. 119; derken Ch. Boet. i. 4 (30); i 
durk(e] aiid dare c. K. 35433: derk»d« {^t-) 
B. DISC. 1379 ; be child . . . darked in his den 
WILL. 17; dsrked [pplf.) Gow. III. 307; 
derkid Wicl. 3 kings xviii. 45 ; dirkid LiDG. 
u. P. 138; iduHced Bek. 1414. 

daKrkxasii,\.,—O.If.G. Urchnfin {eoneeal); 
darieM, grow dark; durcnin HOU. I. 359* ; 
d«rkiw)> (Prts.) rel. I. 341 ; dirkins ANT. 
Arth. v ; ddroaiiLda (pple.) Katb. 3049*. 

deame, srt dam*. 

d6a8, sb., O.E. AHV,=O.Fris. dlth, dad, 
O.L.C. dfib, dod, Goik. daubus, O.J/.G. t6d, 
cf. OJV. daul'i ; deatk, Kath. i i 37 ; dea)), dia^ 
Sbor. 35, 38 ; dia^ -avenb. 13 ; diath uisc 
37; die« P. L. s. viii. 93; deaV, dei, d(eS 
[dea^, dc^] La). 264, 3587, 30677 ; deb [deeth] 
Ch. C. t. .^ 964 ; ds)i Orh. 17450 ; deth, ded 
PR. P. 115; dead GEN. & ex. 508; ded Hav. 
1687; MiRC 247; I*- "63; PR. c 81s; 
dteSaa (ftM.) Kath. 1143; dea¥es swot A. 
R. no; }iveV deaVes dunt 374; dea^ {tM 
dfO/A) O. & H. 1633 ; dea>es drench deadly 
pa/ion AYENB. 130 ; de^s dom tentence of 
death hom. I. 379; de^ wonde ROB. 49; 
de^ wounde Fer. 851 ; di^s wunde Horn 
(L.}64o; huiede^sBtounde(— (?*r. ««/<m!(j- 
stunde), 953 ; daefies pine Orh. 1381 ; dSaSa 
{dai.) HOH. II. 97 ; Crist aras of dea¥e HOK. 
I. 91 ; y^y^ fader wes on dea^e U<i. 318 ; 
efter his dea¥c a. R. 314 ; deatv [de^l O. & N. 
1617 ; dia^ AYENB. 7 ; di^ HORN (L) 58. 
da)>-d*J^ sb., O.E. dSaCdseg; dtath-d«y, 
Langl. iii. 104. 

dA|>«uldi3. adj., O.E. dEaVscyldig ; worthy 
ojdeaik, Orh. 10436. 

d*thlilldl)nana, ib., wortkiiuu ofdtatk, 
Orh. 10430. 

dtet>-iif> sb., dtatk, La;. 6348*. 
d8)>-)>rOw», sb., dealk-tkroe, p. l. S. xv. 
191; dedthrawe D. Arth. 1150. 
dtaV-fivat, sb., falal sickntts, A. R. 314; 
de^vel BsK.8311 ; deetbevel Trbv. VIII.9. 

dSan, sb.,'af. dfiaw, t—OJ'rit. dau {dot. 
da«e], O.H.G.Ua,\m, OJf.dOgg; dew. deau, 
diau AYENB. 136, 144 ; daw {Tfor deaw) HOU. 
I. 333; diew Orh. 13865; dew gen. & EX. 
3335 ; deu treat. 137 ; Map 347 ; SPEC 73 ; 
H. H. 36; ^ene deu HOH. 1. 159; deuj IL tift; 
dlWM i^M.) san. & UL 3337 ; dewet diope* 



dAsn. 

SPKC. 114 (a. d. 179); dtw»(dbi'.) tkeat. 137; 

dSowM (pi.) SPEC 44 ; eomfi. mll-dln. 
dm-Uppfl, sb., r^ i^ff. d5f[Ucp ; dtv4afi, 

'paUar' PR. P. i3o; VOC. 331 ; d>gl« p p— 

<>/.) Pall. iv. 711. 
den-wM«r, sb., ^ Jf./^.6^. toumner; i£ni> 

B«aJ!rr: rein water oferdeuwBtei'HOH.It.iSI. 
dteTen, v., O.E. {iL-')&i»&xa,=O.Fris. d&va, 

^ OM. &Kpa, \ from dtef ; dta/tn,frov) deaf, 

makt de^\ deve Gaw. ia86; him deavc^ 

>■ Kren frag. 5 ; dSrld {.ppU^^ LUD. Cov. 

348 ; fomp. ft-dMkVtn. 
dtewen, v., O.E, diawian, cf. M.Du. dauwen, 

O.H.C. touwen (touuen), OJ/. dfiggva: tLw, 

btdfw: dewin 'roro' PR. P. l3o; daewen 

Orh. 13848; dewstb {imp.) [' ronUtI Wio- 

Is. xlv. 1. 
debat, sb., OJ^'r. dcbat ; debatt, strift. Will. 

43S0; Lakcl.^ V, 181. 
deb4te, v., O.Fr. debatre ; dCf^r, <£> Jo/ZA', 

Gow.1.40; dabAtal) (prts.) 1. 134; dabatenda 

(M&.) wib hinueke Gaw. 3178; debated 

Xpnt!) 67. 
debonaire, adj., O.Fr. de bon aire; metk, 

gtntU : bet debanere child . . . cussed ^ jerd 

A. R. 186; Rob. 167; fortune was hem de- 

bonaire Gow. I. 33 ; deboneire Ch. Bobt. i. 

5 (33) ; a maiden ... fill debonere A. p. i. 163. 
d«bonalr-li, adv. : up his look debonairii he 

cut Ch.Tro. ii. 1359; BOET. iv. 3 (i33}; 

berc me debonureli Will. 730. 
d^bonaniBaaB, sb.. mildness ; for ttcuthe 

and debonemesse WiCL. PS. xliv. 5. 
debonaireU, sb., meekiuti; debonairiete 

CU.D.BL.984; C. T./540; Ifuruh his debon- 

erteA. r. 390; debonerte a. p. iil 418. 
d^breiden, v., ttar apart ; dabraldlnca 

[v. r. to breidinge] (ppu.) Wicl. Mk. i. 36; 

IX. 35. 
de-brdken, v., e/. brttm, dabriae ; bnak 

taunder; debrAhinca (^ie.) Wid- Mk. i. 36; 

dabrdkem (pple.) Wicl.>Ez. xxxi. 15. 
debriw, v., OJ^r. debrisier, debruiaier; hvoM 

in pieces, Wici. £z. xxxir. 37 ; dsbraaada 

ipret.) L. H. R. 40. 
deOAB, sb., cf. oa>; decay, ruin, Gow. I. 

33. 
dcOBit, sK, deceit, TRBV. II. 391 ; deceite CH. 

C. T. C 1367. 
dMMiTEble, adj., (?./>. decevable; dteepHvt, 

Gow. I. 333 ; the juge was tnade favourable, 

thus was the lawe clecewable I.316; R.R.4836; 

desaivabel and trecherous PR. C 4331. 
daOBJTMioe, sb., O.Fr. decevance ; deception : 

here of a desceivaunce )iei conseild him to 

do Man. (H.) 133; desceivance 195. 
dsoeiTftimt, adj., deceitjvl: ne be nought 

deceivaunt Gow. I, 83, 333. 
dMwlTe, v., O.Fr. decevw; dictivt, Ch. C. 

T. C9t8 ; deceivi ayenb. 83. 



deoelTar, sb., deceiver, 'fraudaior! PR. P. 
115. 

deoembre, sb., OJ^r. decembre; Dtcemitr, 
Rob. 441 ; december GOW. III. 336. 

deoepoiouo, sb., O.Fr. deception ; dtception, 
LiDG. M. p. 761 36a 

deceB, sb., O.Fr, deces, from Lot. decessus ; 
decease, MAN. (F.) S3S>- 

decimaoioiuit sb., Lot. dedmitto; paying 
tithes, LidO. M. P. 135. 

deciple, see dlwriplo. 

declaraciooiit sb., Lai. dCciarUio; deelara' 
tion, Trev. I, 343, 

decl&ren, v., O.Fr. dedfuvr; declare, Ch. C. t. 
A 300a ; d«il»rii»«* (p^le.) Ch. Boet. i. 1 (j). 

deolin, sb., O^r. dedin ; decline, dece^, P. S. 
154. 

deoUne, v., O.Fr. decliner; decHnt, a. p. i. 
333 : 1'^ t^'' canst decline ^ilke tweie names 
and speke Latin TrEV. 1. 337 ; wj^ heed dft- 
clinld {ppU.) lowe LiDC. in HaLUW. 395. 

deoooeioim, sb., Fr. d^octipn ; decoction : 
the coke bi mesour sesonith his potages by 
decoccioune to take their avauntages LiDG. 
M. P. 83. 

decoUacioon, sb., medXai. decoUatio; be- 
heading : of the oecoUacioun of Saint John 
Trev. V. 49. 

deo<ipea, v., O.Fr. decoper ; cut, tlasA ; with 
shoon decopad (Pple.) R. R. 843. 

decotUTOD, v., O.Fr. decoire, deconrre; f de- 
part from : of pride the parcbemia d«oour- 
reth ipres.) Langl. (W.) 930a [decorreth 
fixiv.,93]. 

deord, sb., OJ'r, decr^ ; decru, Ch. C. T. 
.^640. 

decrees, sb., OJ^r. decreis ; deereast, GOV. 
III. 154- 

ded, see d6ad oK^dtatl 

dede, see 6Mdo. 

deden, v., O.E. dedan, dydan {kiir),=OJI.G. 
loden, Gatli. dau^jan (ii//) ; cf. O.H.G. tSdEn 
(dis); bfcomedead-. ticolde trebigan to dede 
E. s. (Wr.) 633 ; dtedid [dedid] (ppU.) WiCL. 
I KINGS xxir. 37 ; comp. n-dSdao. 

dedereu, see dtderwi. 

deduit, O.Fr. deduit; amusement, leg. 6; 
Ch. C. t. Aii77\ dedut BRD, 3; Will. 
499S; Ti-^dQt. 

deef, def, see dftat 

defdoe, v., deface, Ch. C. T. E 510; de- 
faced ipple-) AVENB. 191. 

defiden, v., fade away ; diffade P. L. S. xxx. 
8 ; es my face dallUlda (pple.j D. A»TH. 3305. 

defailed, pple., O.Fi-. de&illir; grown feebU, 
•weak : recteid and defailed ayenb. 33. 

deAute, sb., OJ'r. defaute; default, fruit, 
want, Rob. 3 ; ayenb. 73 ; defaut Man. (F.) 
JI13; i hungered and had defkute of mets 



15^ 



defaute. 



deignons. 



PR. c 6190 ; defattlte Gow. II. 145 ; defkutes 
(pL) A. R. 136 ; defau^tes Trev. I. 9. 

d0fkut-18s» adj., without defect^ faultless : 
^t any man might ordaine de&uUes PR. C 
8699. 
defkaten, v., rf. It di£altare ; want : greetlich 
thei defkuten (pres,) WiCL. judg. viiL 5; 
defkutide (prtt^ WiCL. num. xi. 33. • 

defkutingy sh^ failure^ WiCL. wiSD. xL 5. 
defkuti^ adj., faulty^ defecHvt^ WiCL. sx. 

vi. I2*. 

defende, v., OJ^r, defendre; defend^ Man. 
(F.) 14636; defend! ayenb. 157; we de- 
iinide)> (pres,) Rob. 198 ; defendide (/r//.) 

WiCL. JUDG. XV. I. 

defbndoary sb., 0*Fr. defendeour ; defender^ 
PR. P. 115 ; defender Rob. 198. 

defensable, adj., & sb., O.Fr. defensable; 
defensible', in hillis and moost ddfensable 
placis WiCL. JUDO. vL 2 ; bii hulde hem 
there defensables (//.) to libbe o)ier to 
djfAt Rob. 549. 

defenaef sb., OJ^r, defense; defence^ Rob. 

defenaiily v., Lot. defens^U^ ; defend^ PR. p. 

115. 
defensioun, sb., OJ^r^, defension, Lot. de- 

fensio; prohibition \ domes of defensioun 

WiCL. ECCLUS. xlviii. 7. 

defenBOur, sb., protector', yow be my de- 
fensour sac 854. 

deflky see dafTe. 

defll&ted, pple., enfeebled', ^u langtassed 
and art deftetcd for talent and desiir of ^i 
ra)>er fortune Ch. Boet. ii. i (30) ; defet Tro. 
V. 627. 

defformen, v., fashion^ engrave',, ministra- 
cioun of deeth defformid {pple,) by lettris in 
stones WiCL. 2 Cor. iii. 7. 

deffuse, sb., t prohibition : fore gret dule of 
defiuse of dcdes of armes D. Artu. 255. 

deflawnoe^ sb., OJ^'r, deffiance; defiance, 
Lidg; m. p. 92. 

defie, v., 0,Fr. de-, desfter ; defy, Man. (F.) 
5975 ; defied (pret,) Langl. ^xx. 65. 

defien, v., digest; be digested, decay, Langl. 
Aw, 219; )»e bodi sal deften Angl. III. 61 ; 
defiin ^digero* PR.. P. 115; to defie j^ mete 
Trev. Ivr44i. 

defloren, v., O.Fr, deflourer; deflower', be 
which book Robert bisshop of Hereforae 
defldrede {pret,) [^ defloravit^ Trev. I. 39; 
she hadde be deAoured (pple) Gow. II. 
322. 

defoil, sb., trampling: under hors knightes 
defoiie Ar. & Mer. 7999 ; defoil 9191. 

de-foul, sb., dirt, filth, Trev. 1. 109 ; defoule 
A. p. iii. 289. 

defoulei v., <?./>. defouler ; tread under foot', 



insult^ defoul, Rob. 57 ; WiCL. PS. cxxxviiL 
II ; dafolled {pret,) Will. 4614; dafoidad 

(pple.) AYEN& 167. 

dedEbulingep sb., treeuUng upon : power of 
defoulinge on serpents WiCL. Lk. x. 19. 

de-foillen% v., make foul, ' inguino, deturpoi 

PR. P. 116; A. P. iL 1146; fei sdbuUe^ . . . 

defoule derkes andholi places Trev. 1. 129; 

defoule Gow. III. 2a; ))ere mighte no envie 

. . . defoule )« saule Hamp. tr. 38 ; dafbiUad 

{pple,) Ch. C. t. F 1398. 
defoulinge, sb., pollution, ' deturpdcio, 

maculacio,* PR. P. 116; WiCL. JUD. iv. 10; 

men forsakinge the defoulingefl (//.) or 

undennesses of the world 2 Pet. ii. 20. 
defourme, adj., informed : other seven oxen 

in as miche defourme and leehe WiCL. gen. 

xlL 19. 
def^rai, sb., 0,Fr, defroi ; disorderly living : 

thurch mi sinne and mi defrai id) am cpmen 

to mi last dai Ar. & Mer. 9695. 
defirauden, v., 0,Fr, defrauder; defraud \ 

defiraude)> {pres,) Langl. .^ viL 71 ; Cx. 64. 

deft, see diafL de^, see d»L 

dijeilt v., 0.N, deyja, « OJ^ris, deja, Goth, 

iaLf-)daujan, OJLG, dojan, OJI,G, touwan 
touuan) ; die, Orm. 8090 ; de^en [dei3en] 
La^. 283, 31796; deigen gen. & ex. 3127; 
deien A. R. 134; Kath. 958; deien Will. 
3353 ; deiin PR. P. 1 17 ; de^e H. H. 54 ; Gaw. 
996; dei3e Shor. 124; deie Horn (L.) 
109 ; L. H. R. 22 ; {ms, deye) Hav. 168 ; ROB. 
494 ; s. & c I. Hi ; deie [die] Ch. C. t. A 1797, 
E ^64 ; deghe PR. c 1939 ; di^e [die] Langl. 
A li. 187; dien C L. 218; die Mand. 201 ; 
M. H. 79 ; dftide, de^ede [deide] {pret,) La^. 
4280, 7150: deide Kath. iioi ; Langl. J? xi. 
200; di^ede J OS. 134; deieden A. R. 301 ; 
dieden Mand. 286; idAied {pple,) La). 

3737. 
degise, deg^n, see dieguuie om/disguioen. 

degrdden, v., 0,Fr, degrader. Lot. degradare; 
degrade, TowNL. 20; degraded {pple,) 
Trev. V. 35 ; Agaminon degrated ot his 
degre D. Troy 12574. 

degre, sb., O, Fr, degre, degret ; degree, H. M. 

15 ; Ch. C. t. A 1891 ; degrda (pi,) a. r. 

288.- 
dehy see d§a^. dei, see dni. 

deie, sb., 0,N, deigja ; dairy -maid \ {ms, deye) 
PR. P. 116; A. D. 259; Ch. C. t. ^4036; 
(ms, deie) P. S. 327 (p. 15) ; daie rel. I. 129 ; 
(HOM. II. 163). 

deien, see ddi^en and de^en. 

deierie, sb., dairy, Ch. C. t. A 597 ; deirie 
PR. p. 117. 

deiflcation, sb., 0,Fr, deification ; deifying, 
apotheosis : the boke of his deification Gow. 
II. 166; deificacion 158. 

deignouSy adj. \Jor deadeinoua] ; disdainful^ 
Cu. Tro. i. 289 ; ye have to longe be deignous 



dBignoiu. 

>- *• 3S3 ; l>t* i>»i>« *<*> hoote drinoiu Sime- 

IdnCH. C T. ^3941. 
daliwn, v^ O^r. deiKner, from Lot. dignari ; 

dtigm; dftin«f> (/)rw.) AYBMB. i8; dsliMd 

(^/.) Lanol. Jvi. 31a 
dOinU, sb- <7^r. deint^, deintet [digfu^\ 

mod.Eng. dainty; dignity, importanct, valtu, 

A. R. 413; WiCL. E. w. 330; clo)ies of (prBt 

donte Aus. 7070 ; deintee Langl. £xi. 47; 

dainte Gaw. 1350; daintethe Townl. 345; 

dalnUs (j»/.) artieles ofvaiut, dadntits, BSK. 

I303. 

dalnU-fliU, adj^ pieasatU, Gow. III. 3& 
deia, sb., O.Fr. deis (/^iSe) ; dait, ROB. 349 ; 

Shor. 103; Launf. 899; Ch. C. T. /4370; 

des Wiu. 4313 ; dees Man. (F.) 9383. 
deiU, sb., OJ^r. deit«; dei/y, Ch. C. T. ^ 

1047. 
dBkane, mv dlaoM. dfil, st* dU. 
delfti, sb., OJ^r. delai; delay, Rob. 431 ; 

wi^ute dclaie Laj. 1748o* 
deUlen, v., OJ^r. delaier; delay, Rob, 156. 
delaiem«nt, sb., OJ^'r. deUiement; deiay, 

Gow. II. 9, 397. 
delAten^v., £a/.dnfit3re; strtttk oul,iMtrMse: 

it nedeth nought that i daUts (tw^-) ^ P"* 

Gow. III. 190. 
d«le,JMdAl«. 
daleotaoiOn, sb., OJ^r. ddectation ; dt- 

UtbUioH, s. A. L. 74. 
dSlen, fM dAho. 
delA ab., O.E. delf, d«lf,-JfX.G. ddf m. ; 

ditch, hole dug in the ground, quarry ; deUb 

{dot.) TowNL. 330; delvM Ipi.) I'iapia'- 

tb'nis'] Wia. 3 paral. xuiv. 11. 
daUian, v., O.E. dti£aa,^O.Fris. delva. OX.i;. 

(be-)delban, OJ/.G. (pi-)telpan ; olrA'^, dEr;^^, 

iury, Lk. xvi. 3 ; delven (ms. dcluea) Gkn. & 

EX. 3453 ; Langi. a lix. 359 ; delvea [delve] 

diches La}. 9338 ; delvin pr. p. 118 ; Lidg. 

M. P. 145; delve p. L. S. xii. 144; ayemb. 

loS ; Ch, C, T. a 536 ; delve pittis WiCL. 

GBN. itxvi. 3$; deUla)> (fires.) Orm. 6485; 

delved hom. I. 49; Aaif{pret.) gem. & ex. 

3718; Rob. 131; s. s. (Web.) 3419; Shor. 

16s ; dulfen [dolve] La). 31998 ; dulven a. R. 

393 ; duJve Marg. 319 ; dolven 



dfime. 



157 



3189; Langl. Avi. 178; dolve [delveden] 
WiCL. PS. itxL 17 ; dulT« (ati;.) A. R. 384 ; 
dolve AYENB. 363; dolvan (pjfii*.) Win. 



3630; MaND. 63 ; R. R. '4070';' tomp. bl- 

)>-, Ombe-^elTan. 
dalrars, sb., O.E. delfere; delver, digger, 

LaNgl. a prou 103. 
dslTtoga, sh., digging, */cts$tra! pr. p. 1 18 ; 

Langl. B vL 350L 
dtUIn, eee dolfln. delAiI, see under dooL 
deUberm, v.. Lot. deirberare ; deUberate, re- 

mAw; for which be gan deliberenforthe beste 

CH. THa iv. 141 ; daUlMmd {ppU.) iv. 183. 



delibanaioaii, sb:, O.Fr. delibention; dh- 

liberation : whui i this supplicacion with good 

deliberadoim . . . had after min entente writ« 

Gow. III. 3S3 ; deliberadoun LiDG. H. P. 73. 
deliowde, sb., medJM. deiidcia; dtlitaqr, 

luxury, Gow. 1. [4; 111. 31. . 
dsiiost, adj., Fr. delkat j deUeaU, CH. C. T. 

£937. 
d«]loftt-lI, adv., luxurioitsfy: n« dotb lum 

notqte dine delicatli Lamgl. B-dv. 3jo, 
dfilioe, ab., OJ^r. daice from Lai. dSlida; 

jUnuwrv, WlCU GKN. ii. 8 ; Rob. 19;; P.II.L.F. 

348 ; dalloM (pi.) A. R. 368 ; ayenb. 34. 
deiltdoiu, adj., OFr. delicteos; delicious', 

Gow. Iir. 34; PR. C 9391 ; LEG. 304. 
d«Ilaloiu-Uob«, adv., luxuriously : of a 

licbe man . . . ^ ladde b litf wel delidons- 

liche LEB. Jes. 150. 
d«Ut, sb., O.Fr. deUt; delight, A. R. 103; 

H. t(. 3 ; Aus. 3096 ; Ch. C. t. A 33$. 
delitable. adj., Q^r. AnXwaAM', . dtUdabU, 

Brd. 3 : WiCL. GBN. iii. 6; Ch. Boet. ii. i ; 

PR. C. 5339 ; places dallUUM {pi.) Ch. C. 

T. ^899. 
deliten, v., OJ^r, deliter; deUghi, a. R. 53; 

dftlltMl ipret.) PR. c 8336. 
dalltiiiga, sb., pleasure; delltliicua [later 

ver. delitiagis] {pi.) in thi tijtt bond Wicl. 

PS. KV. 10. 
ddliTeranoe, sb., O.Fr. delivrance ; deliver- 

ana, FX. C. 3SS5 ; deliveiaunce Trbv. II. 391. 
delivre, adj., O.Fr. delivre; Uvely, active, 

p. L. s. xvii. 350 ; delivere Ch. C. t. .<4 84 ; 

deliver Will. 3556; deliver delivered of a 

child A. P. ii. 1084 ; H. u. 168. 
dallver-liohe, ulv., promptly. Will. 1345 ; 

Ch. Tro. ii. 1086 ; deliverii he dressed up 

Gaw. 3009 ; deliverii r. r. 3383. 
dallv«m«a, sb., suppleness : delivemes and 

bewte ol bodi pr. c 5900. 
delivrfln, v., O.Fr. delivrer; deliver, p. s. 

316; delivere Rob. 93; Mand. 3; delivere, 

dilivere C I- 1 1 34; dallTToda {prel.) a. R. 

334. 
delle, sb., - M.Du. delle; dell, valley, REL. 

II. 7 ; dallun {dot. pi.) ant. Arth. iv. 
dellige, sb., O.^r. deluge, ^/^vmZd/.dnuviuin; 

deluge, frood, Lidg. h. p. 351. 
delven, see dalftn. 



demaine, sb., O.Fr, demain ; domain, de- 
mesne, possession, Gow. 111. 349; demeigne 
[demeine] Ch, C. t. B 3855. 

dema&de, sb., O.Fr. demande; demand, Roa 
joo; Bek. 817; Ch. C. T. C430. 

ddme. sb., O.E. iimA,-O.H.G. tuomo; Judge, 
Mat. v. 3$ ; Laj. 363 ; Orm. 650 ; O. & n. 
1783;' dSman, demen {dot.) Mat. v. 21, 
xxvii. 3 ; demm p. L. s. vii. 48 ; dBmvn {pi.) 
Mat. zii. 37 ; dboon {dot. pi.) LK. xxL 13. 



158 



demean. 



demean, sb., At>ua»our: aomewlut ttnnge 

and >ad of her demeane she is cr. l. 734. 

^ sb., OJ^'r. demeiiM, Jrom La/. 
n; dominiim, CH. C. T. ^3855. 
dfimen, v., O.E. deman, — OJ^'ris. dCma, 

OJif. doema, Goth, ddmjan, O.H.G. tuoman ; 

fiwH dSm ; mod.Eng. deem ; judge, condemn ; 

think, suppose, Orm. 653; Mand. 41 ; l^et 

tn Bchalt demen ^i salven wod A. K. i9o ; 

and demen (iondemn) me to At^dt Jul. 34 ; 

Mat. vii. i ; deman hou. 1. 95 \ demc a & 

K. 188 ; Wid- GEN. XV. 14 ; LiDG. H. P. 1 z ; 

mi fader of bcven has me doun »ent to deme 

ioure dedes UiR. fl. 188 ; to demene hou. ). 

4^ ; dimsV (pfet.) hom. I. 105 ; he dema% 

■tiVne dom 95; dAm (imper.) A. R. iz; 

dAndtt (Pret.) Prag. 8; LA). 4936; a. r. 

306; Shor. 85: demden Katu. 330 ; Ha v. 

3830 ; dSmsd (pple.) M. H. 7 1 PR. C 1995 ; 

cemp. tar-, js-dAman. 
di6m«id, sb., O.E. dCmend; judge; da* 

VUiaAmm{gen.) hou. 11. 171. 
dCmara, sb., O.E. d£mere; judge, HOU. 1. 

379; ayenb. 13; demare A. R. 980. 
dCmeatar [dampater], sb., cf. ntod.E»tg. 

deemster {in the lilt of Afan) ; judge, c M. 

7005. 
dfimlncs, sb., judgment, 'judieium,' PR. f. 

118; in valse dta^ngaa (pi.) avEnb. 37; 

Mam. (H.) 86. 
demteen, v. OJ^r. demener ; behave, man- 

ag* : to demene well his shaft Rich. 455 ; 

demene Gow, 1. 196 ; William whises . . . de- 

mteed (prel.) hem doujtili Will. 1333. 
demeoren, v., Cfr. demorer, -murer, 

-meurer, mod.Eng. demur ; tarry, linger : 

damoon [imp.) je ^ lengre a. R. 343 ; tee 



ft dirlmer. demure, see demfire. 
_ , ,, f O.E. (for-)demman,= 0^rtj. 

' demma, Goth, (iaiir-)dainjan (dam, stop 
up)\ fmte/v»thachect,cometoitsboitMdary: 
a mannei dom mi]t drijli demme, er minde 
mojt malte tu hit mesure A. F. L 333 ; 
tiche a dale to depe ^t dammad (f pret.) 
at ^ brinkei ii. 384. 

damoniak, adj. & sb., Lai. dxmooiacus ; 
possessed by a devil : i hold him . . . demoniak 
Ch. C. t. i7334o; be nas no fool ne no de- 
moniak 7874. 

demoufltraoi6n, sb.,Lat. demonstracio \ proof, 
Gow. II. 368 ; demonatntifiaB (//.) 111. 46. 

detaonstratif, adj., Fr. d^monstratif^ from 
Lot. d^moDstratlvos ; irrtfragablt, incontest- 
able, Ch. C. T. i?a373. 

dttnonatraimoe, sb., O.Fr. demonslraunce ; 
show, Lydg. u. p. 6a 

demplen, v., wrangle, dispute: no mpre of 

{is to dcmple, tak lat >at je first ches Man. 



oAoAL 

damtive, ab., OJ'r, demoere, -memc ; demmr, 
delay, Fl. & Bl. 591 ; demere (H.) loii. 

deo, sb.. O.E.iKBa(euiiJt),—M.Z>u.AKa,AxKat 
{area, antrum), MJ..G. denne, daune, O.H.G. 
tenniM. {area); den,atve,'speeus,' rR.P. 118: 
MISC. 153; bet denGR.34; dauK ' speiunca' 
VOC341; WiCL. John >i. 38; iima»(dat.) 
FRAO. 8; La], 33038; Alis. 54001 WiLU 
2o ; AV. Arth. vi. 

den, sb., OJ^r. dean, d«en. Lot. dedUtu; 
dean, P. S. ^33 ; deen E. C. 64 ; dtaaa {p/.} 
Langl. .4 li. i50k 

demuen, stt donlinu 

ddne, sb., O.E. dene m., denu / ; cf. MJ)h. 
dan M. ; valley, ' vallis,' frag. 3 ; ' convailtm ' 
PS. lis. 8» ; A, p, i. 39s ; dane [' vallis '] Lk. 
iii. 5; ^ dene of tieaies AVSNB. 160; dAnaa 
(>/■) 59- 

Dene, sb. pL, O.E. Dene; JJants: Bane 
(gen.pl) lawe UISC. 146. 
dana-g^d, sb., Dant-tribMt, Mah. (H.) 
110. 

Dena-marka ^>anainandLa], pr. ir., O.E, 
Dena mearc; Dtnmark, Laj, 4563; Dene- 
mark, Denemarch Rob. 3. 

dene, deniea, set d&na, dfinlen. 

denerie, sb.,.^vnt dto ; deanery, fr, p. ttS. 

deniio, v., OJ^r. denier; deny, pr. p. 118; 
denie WiCL. Mat. xxvi 34; dent Townl. 
iSz; denaie Gaw. 1497; danfeda (Pret.) 
WiCL.GEN.zviiLi5; D. Troy 8009; daaoled 
ippU.) Ch. BoKt. iiu 10 (88). 

denae, see daaa. 

deonien, v., skelter as in a eavt or den, lodge: 
wu hcdannada (pret.) him in¥atdefte maiden 
REL. 1. 309 (uisc. 3) ; ^u was . . . deanat i^e.) 
in a beastes cribbe hou. I. 377. 

denoumbren, v., Fr. denombter; count outs 
tell ['dinumerare'], WiCL. PS. Ixxxix. II. 

deuounoe, v., O.Fr. denoncer, jVom Lot. dS- 
iciire; command, WiCL. a THess. iii. 6. 

Denso, adj., O.E. Denisc ; Danish ; Denaoa 
(//.) La). 13854; Densbe Hay. 3575. 

dent, see dflnb 

denten, v., Lat. dentire ; indents tf- O.Fr. 
endenter; 'inden/o' pr. p. 118; doit (for 
dented) (^le.) GoL. & GaW. vi. (65). 
dentlnsa, sb., morticing; twei dantlngla 
(pi.) schulen be in the i\&» tk a table Wicl. 
Ex. xxvi. 17*. 

deofel, sb., O.E. dCofol, m. n., Lot. diabolus ; 
lieTil, HOM. I. 31 ; ORU. 671 ; deovel A. R. 
Z08 ; deovel [deavel] Laj. 17669 ; dievel 
AVENB. is; devel Hay. 446; Will. 1976; 
dive! REL. I. 309 (misc. 3) ; dAoflea (gen.) 
p. L. s. viii. 98 ; deovles, deoveles H. u. 17, 
41 ; dSofla (dot.) A. K. 84; dievle UISC. 28; 
deoflaa (pi.) P. l. s. viii. 49 ; dfioile Mat. ijc 
34; HOU. 1.37; UISC 153; deovien JUL.33; 
dievlen AYE«B.86i dcvclen Rob. 5fl6 i dto- 



doput. 



An* (guM. jtU Jul. 3S : dflovtene a ft l 
953; dScdUii.d<e>ovelea(A/.>/.)HOH.L7, 
103. 

dioM^ad. lb. (ms. ^1^), O^. deafalgad^ 
^O^G. diobolgeld; Miiiit to tht dwUy 
HOH. I. 337. 

diaAI-lio,adj^ 0.£.d«ofolUc;dbia'i:MA: \%. 
deoffiche ^Unnge Hou. I. 10$. 

dioAd-MUn. sb., deviltsh «Mtf^; dMdU- 
■Uas (J>/.) Orh. Sua 

nwA-ittAtab^iiatutto/ilu devil: nodevet- 
hade i oe habbe in me lxb. Jks. 499. 

dlralBMM^ sb. dEnKOR : alle godd«s of genge 
dSralnMSM (//.) [' dtrmuma'] ere )« PS. 
xcv. s. 

d«ol.M»doaL 
dficm, adi., O^, dtep, diop,v0^nJ. diap, 
OJ^G. aitm, diap, O.A^. diupr, f!H>^ diupo, 
OJi.G. tiuf; ^^, a. r. 334; Marh. \i\ 
deop [deap] Lj^. 647 ; deep, deep LaNGL. A 
ntOL. 15; diep AYBMB, 264; dep Oru. 
16697 ; Map 335 ; so dep o^ Rob. 333 ; dup 
Ji^R. 1687; bu deope is ^ eoi%e A. R. 333 \ 
K deope diibelnesse Oru . ijoi ; a dupe ^cli 
Bkd. 37 ; dsoppera {dai.j.) frag. B ; dtopA 
(]M1)SPEC.63; dSopeD(.£i/.>t/.)Li^. 31776; 
(tk^xa (cimijiar.) HOU.I.49; seoven voten 
deopere [deoppere] La). 15895 ; deoppere 
[depper] Lamgl. Ax, 182 ; depper Ch, C. t. 
G%y»\ dSppeat {tuperl.) TrEV. I. 4$. 

diope, adv., dteply, h. u. 33 ; deope leaied 
Kath. 388 ; deope in bis flesch hi wode Bek. 
3333 ; depe Uered Orh. 7307 ; ^t je nc ialle 
todepeSHOR. 104. 

dBop-liohe, adv., O.E. deopllce ; deeply, a.r. 
lU; awoT swi%e deopliche JUL. 13; deplike 
Uav. 1417. 

daapnewe, O.E. deopness ; deefitess, hom. 
L49; diepnesseAYENB.211; depnUse Kath. 
^o; depnesse D. Arth. 746; dSpneaae 

(4b[/.)LBECHD. III. 84. 

dBcme, sb., O.E. dyp, dype, ef. Goth, diupei, 
OJi.G. tiufl ; deep, P. L s. xr. 84 ; depe CH. 
Ct,.^455; ondeopan['/>iaMMM'] Lk.v.4; 
ine ^ depe Suor. 146. 

dfiopien, v., cf. Goth. (^-)diupjan ; deepen, 
Ptnetratt deeply: diopw (.^fw.)iDto)KK)u]e 
A. R. 388 i ba M die wes . . . alluoge Idtopad 
(/i)LAj.iS473- 

dter, sb., O.E. dter, dior,-a/>i.r. diar, 
OJ-G. dier, OJ^. diut, Ayt, Goth, diui, 
OJi.G. tior, tier, mod.Eng. deer ; beast; deer: 
^ deor La}. 6495; deor, der ORU. 1177, 
1311; derREL.I.ai5; diiruisc, 199: d«orea 
(gen.) A. R. 196 ; dSore (dot.) HOU. II. 37 ; 
<Uor {pi.) HOM. I. 43i II. 3J ! La). 1135; 
Marh. 10; libbe^ al so wilde deor [dor] 
O. & N. 10I3 ; duer CHR. E. 30 ; der gen. & 
EX. 178; dSoren [deore] {gen.pi.) La). 20853; 
dlonn(dW.i»/.)HOM. 1. ti5; deorenME.i. 
13; deorenLA). 1138; dereGAW. 1333, 



dir-lUd, sb., eneUstav for detr. Sax. cur. 

049. 
^oftt-a^ ab., O.E. dioifriV; detr Jortst, 

L^i436. 
dSor, adj. ft adv., O.E. dSor {heavy, ttvtret 

Grkin); grievous, grievMisly I nou fele we 

it dere PR. c 1469 ; &ra (pi.) Gaw. 564; aor- 

««■ dere GEk. & ex. 3743 \ dirura (»aqter.) 

Kath. 948. 
dacro, «M doani. 
diore, adj., O.E. deore, diore, dpre,— O.Frit. 

Avon, diure, OJ-C. diuri, O.N. ifn, OJI.G. 

tiuri ; deev, precious, nMe, beloved, A. R. 

408; deore, dure La). 143, 3963; deon, 

dcK Oru. 3306, 3356 ; (ms. dyere) Lx. vii. ) ; 

^ane diere time ayemb. 36; decre, dere 

Ck. C. t. a 9453 ; dere Mand. 353 ; p. 78 ; 

of dere pris CRN. & Kx. 3347 ; what him dere 

^u]t Will. 1368 ; ^ cuntre was dere Jos. 

37 ; a dere dai Gaw. 91 ; Arthur be dere 

PxRC jo8 ; of dnjti men and of dere av. 

Arth. 1 ; dure ftend Fer. 183 ; duere rel. 

I. no; dSom (compar.) A. R. 392; dcrre 

Orm. 18331; hia dioreate (superl.) moa 

8975 ; of derrest pris Lanci- £iL 13. 
dSon^ adv., dearly, A. R. 393 ; deore atx^ 

Bex. 112; diere AjfGL. I. 15; dere Hav. 

1637; Rich. 5313; deere Lidg, u. p. 317; 

dere, duere H. H. 59; duere P. s. 214; dion« 

(fompar.) a. r. 190; dener AYENB. 36; heo 

him hadde dtoraat ibMt (superl.) U. U. 13; 

p. L. s. uii. 136; durest Laj. 3081. 
dBor-liohe, adv., O.E, diorllc ; dearlr, Lj^. 

31753 ; Jul. 76; drinke to him deorii SPEC. 

Ill; detii Will. 143 1 ; dBorluker (iompar:\ 

La}. 3006a 
dfironea— , sb., deamess, s. S. (Web.) 3144. 
dAov-'*rikiVa, adj., O.E. deorwyrife ; preciotis, 

FRAG. 6; deorewui¥e JUL. 10; deorewurbe 

Oru. 6689 ; durewuHEe 1.AJ. 16686; derwui^ 

AV. Arth. xxii ; derewer^ FL. & Bl. 389 ; 

derwor^ C. L. 27 ; WILL. 1 538. 

dSorownrV-llahe^ adv., preciously, H. IL 

II ; durewui^che LJt^. 15151. 
ddore, sb., cf. O.H.G. tiuri ; deamess ; dere 

Hav. 824 : Rob. 416 ; Man. (F.) 16419. 
Dg(»ebi, IH-. n., O.E. Diora by ; Derfy, UISC 

146; Derbi Rob. 3. 
deork, see deani. 
ddorling, sb., 0,E. diorlin?, dyriiiig,«> O.A''. 

dyrlingr ; from dtore ; darUng, La). 6316; A. 

R. 56; derling Oru. 9319 ; WILL. 1538 ; PR. 

c S791 ; LUD. Gov. 53 ; durltng REu I. 170 

(uiSC 103) ; BRD. 3. 
decvne, see dexne. 
dSovel, see dtotU. d5p, see Map, 
depart, v., OJ'i: despaitir, Jrom Lot. dis- 

pwtire; med.Eng. depait ; divide, distriduttj 



i6o 



depart. 



dame. 



separate (irons, and intrans.); departy Will. 
2334; departi treat. 140; be Rede sec 
. . . departed (pres.) \t soutnside of Inde 
from Ethiopia Trev. I. 63; departede 
ipret.) Bee. 483; Rob. 424; departed 
(pple.) PR. c 3710. 

departablOy adj., separable^ distinct: the 
Trinite, thre persones in paroelles departable 
fro other Langl. ^xviL 26. 

depeinten, v., depict, paint \ depelnted 

(ppie.) c. L. 704 ; Will. 3217. 
ddpen, v., O.E, depan,=«(?./nrw. dSpa, OX.G. 

d5pean, Goth, daupjan, O.H.G. toofen; bap- 

tige : depe Shor. i i ; ayenb. 107. 
diepiot, pple., Lat.ditpictus ; depicted^ painted : 

a liknesse depict upon a wal LIDG. if. P. 177. 
depdse, v., OJ^r. deposer ; depose^ put danm^ 

Langl. ^ XV. 514. 
depost, sb., OJ^r. depost ; deposit^ WiCL. i 

Tim. vi. 20. 

Deppeford, pr. n., Deptfordj Ch. C. t. A 3906. 
deprdYen, v., OJ^r. depraver^ depreciate^ 

defame-, deprave Langl. J9iii. 178; de- 

pr&Teden (pret.pL) WiCL. prqy. i. 3a 

depreaen, v., cf. Lot. depressus from dS- 
pnmere \ depress^ vanquisn : |k>u con ... fro 
pat manag al o^r depres A. p. i. 'm ; bat 
prince of pris depreaed (Pret.) him so ^ikke 
Gaw. 1770; depreced prouinces 5. 

depreaen, v., tO.Fr, despresser; release. 
wolde ^ . . . despreoe ^ur prisoun Gaw. 1218. 

depreaaionn, sb., 0,Fr. d^pression^y^iTm Lai. 
d€pre8sio; depression^ Ch. astr. ii. 28(34). 

deprive, v., OJ*'r, depilver; deprive^ A. P. ii. 
185. 

ddp^'e, sb.,y^wyf dSop ; cf, OJ/. dypt, M.Du. 
4iepte ; depth : derknessis weren on the face of 
dftpthe (dot.) WicL. gen. i. 2; thei de- 
scendiden into the depthe as a stoon EX. xv. 
5 ; dAptkia (//.) of watris PS. cxlviii. 7. 

deputatidn, sb., Fr. deputation ; deputation : 
he shall . . . ordeigne his deputation of suche 
juges as ben lemed Gow. III. 178. 

depiiten« v.. Lot. deputllre ; ascribe : al what 
evere to be depute (pple.) to the grace of 
God WiCL. Rom. prol. 

der, see dear, ddr, see dSor. 

derai, sb., OF'r. desroi; disorder^ tumult^ 
Alis. 1 177; derai B. DISC 386; ant. Arth. 
3d ; disrai Alis. 4353 ; drai Min. viii. 34. 

deraien* v., O.Fr. deraier ; threw into dis- 
order: he derniod (pret.) him as a devel 
Will. 2061 ;'draied 1210. 

deraine, "^b., OJ*'r. deraine, deresn^ : claim : 
this dereine by the barouns is imad Alis. 7353. 

deraine, v., O.Fr. derainier, -raisnier ; defend 
on^s cause^ vindicate a claim^ Alis.' (Sk.) 
124 ; dereini Rob. 285 ; dreinen c L. 974. 

d6r», sb., 0J£. daru, « M.Du. daiei ^dere. 



MJ..G. dere, O.H.G. tara; injury ^ harm, 
gen. & EX. 3214; Fer. 4613; Iw. 2577; 
Rich. 1696; e. T. 642 ; Egl. 513 ; Townl. 
28 ; )>is hete gret dere me do)> Lsa 5. 

ddre, see ddore. 

derf, adj., O.E. dearf, O.N. diarfr, O.Z:6^.dervi ; 
from dertren ; Jtrm, hard, heavy; valiant ; 
M ARH. 5 ; Orm. 16780 ; Gaw. 1492 ; a. p. ii. 
862 ; for fi derfe dede AV. Arth. liv; derfb (pi.) 
Townl. 317 ; derfe dimes Alex. 2091 ; des- 
tines deif(e) & dere Gaw. 564; derve (ms. 
derue) misc. 9 (printed deme REL. I. 215) ; 
derfire^ dervre (compar.) Jul. 16, 17 ; H. M. 
21 ; derveate (superl.) Kath. 565 ; derf(e) 
(adv.) M. H. 23 ; comp. im-derf 
derf-HOy adj., cf. O.N. diarfligr; hard, brave ; 
bi derfli dede a M. 11 43; derfliohe (euiv.) 
ipined a. R. 114; deorflike Orm. 9752; derf^ 
hke REL. I. 218; derfli ant. Arth. xxiv; a. 
p. iii. 109 ; derfHi D. Troy 1339. 

derfiiea, sbi, cf O.E. gedeorfnyss ; severity, 
gravity, c. M. 3996 ; dervenesse hom. I. 21. 

derf-adhipe, sb., obstinacy, Kath. 978. 

derfy sb., cf O.E. gedeorf ; tribulation, affUc' 
Hon : nas na man . . . )»at durste him derf 
makien Li^. 10943 ; vor te drien derf ine godes 
servise A. R. 80; \t derf of deaV Kath. 
2426. 

dar(f)-ftd, adj., strict, severe, A. R. 348. 

derflid-liolie,adv.,/ar>f/S;^/^,KATH. 109a 

d^rien, v., O.E. derian,>B O.L.G. derian, O. 
Fris. dera, MJhi. deren, daren, O.H.G. terian, 
terran ; from d6re ; injure, hurt, P. L. s. viii. 
168; derian, derien hom. I. 13; derie Horn 
(L.) 786 ; AYENB. 126 ; derie Misc 76 ; Shor. 
28; Alis. 3657; deren hom. II. 73; rel. I. 
212; Langl. J9vii. 50; dere Hay. 488; 
Mand. 13 ; Ch. C. t. A1S22; ps. kcxxviii. 23 ; 
PR.C2290; MiN.i.52; PERC1171; AY. Arth. 
iii ; d6retS (Pres.) Misc 14 ; )»as twa ^ng 
deria)S oft yasi alden HOM. 1. 109; derie)> Marg. 
226 : d6rede (pret.) La). 9657 ; GEN. & EX. 
242; deredest FRAG. 7. 

d6ringe, sb., O.E. derung ; injury, ' nocu- 
mentum,* PR. P. 119. 

derky see dearo. 

deme, adj., O.E. deme, dyme, dieme, — O. 
L.G. derm, O.H.G. tami; dark, secret, hidden, 
retired, Marh. 8; ROB. 289; C. L. 1030; 
Will. 860; Langl. ^ti. 175; Gaw. 1012; 
M. H. 166 ; ¥<^ he be deme hunte misc. 2 ; 
deme love Ch. C. t. A 3278 ; bi a deme sti 
ISUM. 40; godes deme runes A. R. 96 ; deme 
stedes ayenb. 143 ; deme, deome \1k^. 304, 
13604,13624; deame Kath. 574; da&me Orm. 
2004; dume Ber. 23 ; deme (adv^ spec. 23 ; 
A. P. ii. 697; luvie deme o. & N. 13S7; dieme 
HiCKES 1. 222 (Angl. I. ii) ; deme (sb.)o.^ 
N. 608 ; in deme \^in abscondito*] PS. ix. 29; 
AY. Arth. Iii ; let us halde us in deme DsGR. 
607; r^m/. un-dame. 



dame. 



deelrotuu 



161 



dame-liohe, adv^ secmtfy^ a* IL 146 ; o. & 
N. 1423 ; M . T. 103 ; dernelicbe [deomeliche] 
La). 4392 ; dearneliche Kath. 407 ; dume- 
Hche Bkk. 27 ; dernelike Misc. 14 ; demelike 
and stille an. lit. 5 ; dasmelike, -li) Orm. 
6914, 7370; demli Townl. 141 ; dgmeltUker 
(camfiar.) K.VL. 17^ 

daame-aphipe» sb., privity^ A. R. 152*; 
darnscipe (f^ daern-) LA3. 258. 

demel, see dameL 

dernen, v., 0,E, deman, dyman,B ^.Z.^. der- 
nian, dernean,^./^.(r. taman ; conceai: dernen, 
daernen, deorne, La|. 6660, 18549 ; derni 
Shor. 79 ; djnmdAn (pret.) La). 7694 ; c&tf^. 
lii*damaii« 

damer, sb., door^kead ; demer [demere] c. m. 
6075 ; dirner 6103. 

dersten, see dreste. 

Dertemu'Se, pr. n., .Dartmouth^ La). 1786 ; 
Dertemou^ Ch. C. t. A 389. 

dfirj'ey see dier]>e. 

d0rYen,v.,^.E.deorfiEui(/aA£?f/r),«: OX.G.ifsLT-) 
dervan, OJFris, (for-)derva, 0,N. (for-)diarfo ; 
grieve^ afflict^ injure^ A. R. 382; & L. 676; 
to derven mine souJe HiCKES I. 227 ; derve 
jos. 47 ; denreS (pres^ Kath. 1684; dorve 
(j»^.) Marh. 12 ; deride (/r//.) LA3. 8731 ; 
comp. )e-derven ; deriv. derf. 

dwrenoaao, see derfhee under der£ 

dae, j/tf dele. 

desaiyabel, see deoeivable. 

deeali, see under dfkaL 

desaraien, v., OJRr. desarroyer; fiUl into 
disorder \ deearaied (pret.) Trkv. VIL 343. 

desblftmen, v., 0,Fr, desbltmer; free from 
Hame^ exonerate; deblAmeth (imper.) Ch. 
Tro. ii. 17. 

deeoeiYaunoe, see deoelraxioe. 

deaoenden, v., O.Fr. descendre; descend \ 
descend Man. (H.) 134 ; deaoendeb (press's 

. AYENB. 123; Gow. II. 280; deaoendid (Prei.) 

LiDG. M. P. 79. 

deaoenaioiin, sb., OF'r, descension; de- 
scentf Ch. astr. ii. 4 (32) ; discencioon ii. 4 

(33). 
deaoenaoriey sb., apparatus for extracting 

oil ; deaoenaoriea (//.) Ch. C. t. G 792. 
deeoentf sb., O.Fr. descente ; descent^ lineage^ 

Gow. III. 207 ; dissent Lidg. m. p. 2. 

desohargen, diaohargeiit v., O.Fr, deschar- 
ffer; discharge; dischargen Langl. ^xv. 528 ; 
deschargen Cxviii. 231 ; dischargen Mand. 
302 ; discbarge WiCL. J AS. v. 15. 

da-BOlandre, sb., O.Fr. esclandre, from Lot, 
scandalum; disgrcue^ Bex:. 2061 ; disclaundre 
Ch. Tro. iv. 537. 

da-BOlandren, v., for aclandren ; disgrace^ 
slander : thu deaoiandrest (Pres.) thin owe 
loverd Bek. 2050 ; diaolaundrid (pret,) Ch. 



C. t. 7623 ; ibr disobedience diaolaundrid 
(Pple,) is perpetualli mi name LiDG. M. P. 143. 

deooolouren, v., O.Fr. descoulourer; cUs^ 
colour; deeooloiired (pple.) Gow. III. 339. 

desorf en, v., OF'r. deserter ; describe^ ' describoi 
PR. P. 120 ; descrie Egl. i 177 ; discrighe Aus. 
137 ; discri Townl. 203 ; discrieth mas. 
323 ; diaoried [descried] (pple.) Triam. 781. 

deaoripoioiin, sb., O.Fr. description ; descrip- 
tion^ Trev. I. 29 ; WiCL. s. w. I. 316 ; de- 
scription Gow. III. 144. 

deaoriYen, v., OFr. deitnvrt; describe^ drcnu^ 
Ch. Tro. v. 1^14 ; descrive Will. 5005 ; Gow. 
I. 264 ; descnfe PR. c. 2304 ; discrive Ocrov. 
(W.) 629 ; diskrive Ch. d. Bl. 915 ; de8orive|> 
(fbres^ AYENB. 168 ; diaoriven (pL) Langl. 
jvxvi. 5a; deaorived {pret^ will. 3041; 
discriveoe WiCL. num. xxxiii. 2 ; deaordved 
[descrived] (pple.)^ Trev. L 171 ; discrived 
WiCL. Lk. ii. I ; discrived [descrived] WiCL. 
NUM. xi. 26. 

deaoriving, sb., describing, RoB. 60; dis- 
criving WiCL. Lk. ii. 2. 

deaouren, deacuYeren, see diaoovereii. 
deaeriten, see diaheriten. 

deeert, sb., OFr, desert; desert^ wUdemess, 

GEN. & EX. 1227 ; AYENB. 240 ; deseert WiCL. 

NUM. xiiL I ; desart Mand. 42 ; desert ayenb. 

131 ; disert Mand. 42 ; diserd gen. & EX. 973 ; 

daaertea (//.) Mand. 63. 
deaert \ sb., O^r. desert ; cksert, tnerit^ PR. p. 

120; WiCL. J[ob xxi. 4 ; desserte A. P. i. 594 ; 

dissert a. p. liL 12 ; deaerte {dot.) Rob. 253. 

deeerTen,v.,C7./r.deservir; deserve: deservin 
^mereor* PR. P. 120; diserve Gow. 1.66; dea- 
serve Ch. Tro. v. 273 ; disserve Trev. V. 213 ; 
deaerve (pres,) Langl. B xiv. 86 ; diaaenred 
(pret.) A. P. iL 613 ; deaerveden (pL) misc. 
225 ; deaerved (pple.) Gow. 1. 29 ; disserved 
Gaw. 452 ; deservet Misc. 225 ; deservid 
Degr. 1131 ; is disservid (well pleased) WiCL. 
Heb. xiii. 16. 

deaervinflr, sb., deserving^ IPOM. 452. 
deaSaev see diadae. deai, see dflai. 
desirable, adj., OF'r. desirable, from Lot. 
dSsIdertbilis ; desirable, WiCL. PS. xviii. 10. 

desire, sb., O.Fr. desier ; desire, Gow. I. 65 ; 
desir Ch. C. t. 6^671; deairea (//.) Lidg. 
M. P. 187, 221. 
denre-fiil, adj., desirous, WiCL. Dan. x. 3. 

deairen, v., O.Fr. desirer; desire, PR. c 8031 ; 

desiri AYENB. 244 ; deairi (pres.) ROB. 309 ; 

desires A. P. ii. 545 ; deairep (pi) Trev. I. 

137 ; desiren Langl. B ix. 104 ; deaire (imp) 

LiDG. M. P. 187 ; deairede (pret.) Bek. 225 ; 

desirid LiDG. M. P. 109 ; deaired (pple.) ROB. 

253. 

desiringe, sb., desiring, I POM. 204. 
desirouB, adj., Gow. L 244 ; desirus Ch. C. 

T. A 1674. 



M 



i6x 



dft4katereiL 



de-ekatoren, v. ; taitUr about ; dMkctarad 

{pfu.)v.^in. 

dmke, ib^ tDu. disch {tabu); tet dlwb; 

desk,fiulpit, 'piuttum,' PR. r. 13b; ^leetri' 

mtm'799; W.&1.39. 
dealaien,v.; e^ dalalen; Under; dilalgri 

(ppU.)Gow. 11.60, 11$. 
darfblaoioiui, ib., O^/V; deiolatiaa ; lolittidt, 

Wici. Ez. xii. 19* ; Lidc. U. t. 114. 
dOKdat, adj., desolaU, lonely, Ch. Tro. v. 

i40; detoUte Gow. I. 348; dissolate TrBV. 
11. iBi. 



. that me Bchtride 

him anoD desordeiiieii Bbk. 731 ; desordeini 

Rob. 473- 
dMpetr, ob^ - d a— prfr ; detpair, Mand. 93; 

jD despeire GoW. 111. 317 ; dispair L&HCL. B 

XX. 163 ; in dispaire PR. C. 6393. 
defpeirable, adj., hepeUis; ['detperabiUsI 

WiCL. JER. XV. 18. 

detpeifen, v., OJ^'r. desperer; despaii 



dcspdre Gow. 1. 373; d«apali«d (pyt. 

-..w. 111. i3ji Gow. 1.318; Ch.Tro 

: despaired ayxnb. 34 



WICL.S.V 



f. 111. iSji'Gow. 1.318; CH.'l'Ra 
. „ . lespaired ayxnb. 34 ; d' ' ' 

ifipU.) Gow. I. 381 ; LiDG. u. P. 7& 
dosperaoidn, ib., Lot. desperatio ; dtspera- 

/t'i)»,LAifGi-Cxx. 389; disperadon MISC. 315. 
desperiBoheiti jw dlapi— ohm. 
desperuioe, sb., OJ^r. dcaperance; dtspcdr; 

dcsperaunce Cu. C. t. /431 {Ptt, «u.) ; GOW. 

11. 119; A.R.8. 
degpwmte, ut dlaaapo r at. 
despers, f « diap«n. 
de^iaabil, adj., dtsplcabU, Hahp. PS. xlviii. 

>9- 
dflspiMn, T., ^ a^r. despirc^wM Lot. de- 

■picere; i£rn!M«; despisia PR. p. i3o; despise 

HAS. 336 ; despice PR. C 9436 ; desfuse PR. C. 

4353; Udc. If. p. 118; daaplMat (prts.') 

KOB. 31 ; despiieth Langl. £ xv. 54 ; de- 

■idM (/)/.) Gow. I. 87; dispisen Mand. 

395 ; dispise Langl. 10683 (W.) ; daapfa»d 

(f-tt.) Trev. 1. II ; daq>ia»d (ji^.) Rich. 

1837; Trev. I. 13. 

I, sb., dtsptitr, D. Arth. 538. 
[, sb., lUspisiitg, Trev. 111. 387. 
despit, sb., OJ'r. despit.^cm Lai. despectus, 

mod.Eng. despite; contumely, scorn, tMtt, 

Rob. 547. 4^4 ; will. 3335 ; despite Man. 

(H.) 54 ; Rich. 3177 ; dispn a. p. iii. 50 ; Jos. 

580; ditpite u.'H. 70; daapltM {pi.) s. s. 

(Wr.) i8q7 ; dispitis WiCL. HOM. i. 34. 
despitoiu, adj., ipitjful, Ch. C. t. A 516, 

27763; dispitoiue TRO. V. 199; dispitous 

Trev. V. 87. 
dMpltotu-llfdu^adv., scemfitlly, Trev. III. 

389; dcspttousli WlLL.ii36i despitusli i3io; 



deBtanion. 

' dispitonsli D. Troy 7650; diqtetnili ukdl 

61s. 

desplaien, set diaplilMi. 
deapoilen, v., (7J>. de^iUer; despoil, takt 

away; detpoQen [despoiUen] Ch. C.T. ^^374; 

dispoili ayenb. 45 ; 11x0.615; dispuileWlO. 

I KINGS xni. 8; dlqpuHlds (iret,) V/ia. 

I KINGS xviiL 4 ; deapullad (pple.) a. R. 

360 ; despuled AR. & MxR. 1403 ; dispoUed 

Gaw. 86o; dispoilid WiCL. a COR. v. 4; 

despuiled Gow. 1. 1 16. 
daapoUlnc*. sb., spoH, CH. BOET. iv. 7 

(147). 
d —t anoe, tee dlBtenoe. 
damtent-^dumbBo, v.; throw, ne noit hann 

bine do(u)n deste Shos. 53 ; over >e briggs 

be deste Trist. 3393. 
doaMnen, v., O.Fr. destiner ; dtitini ; de*> 

taltwd {ppi*^ D. Troy 3673. 

dseUDlns, sb., destitty, Aus. 6866. 
deatePt sb., OJ''r. destre, j(rom Lot. dextcnt 

(manus); right hand: In stedes ^ ^oiq 

haddest in dester leddes MAP 334. 
dealinal, adj., pertaining to destiny, CB. 

BoKT. iv. 6 (135). 
daatinee, ib.. O^/r. destinee; destiny; det- 

tinee Lang'i- 5 vi 376 ; destine A- p- i. 757 ! 

iii. 49; Gow. 11. 94; destene Will. 31$; 

destc^rne CH. Tro. iv, 9^1 ; destinie Ch. 

BoET. iv. 6 (135); destenie Trev. V. 337; 

desianee Ch. l. c. w. 953; destanie TREV. 

III. 401. 
deatituto, adj.. Lot. denitOrai ; destitmH, 

P. L. 8. xxxi. 97 ; LiDG. u. p. 34. 
doatrer, sb., OJ^r. destrier; var-horst, B. 

DISC 569 ; Ck. C. T. B 3103. 
deatzuotidn, sb., destruction. Mam. (H.) 303 ; 

Gow. II. 37 ; destructioun s. s. (Web.) 3761 ; 

destruccion PR. C. 4049 ; destrucdonc PR. P. 

130 ; destmccioua s. s. fWeb.) 393. 
deatmieilt v., OJ^r. destmire ; destrcy ; de- 

struiie Will. 3939 ; destrui c h. 33348 ; de- 

stnie Rob. 336 ; destroie PR. C. 4453 ; destric 

WiCL. Mat. ii. 13; destrei p. i_ s. iv. 37; 

distnie WiCL. I Mac. ix. 73 ; distroie PR. C 

4473;distrie[destroie]LANGi-^ii.'i4; disstrie 

A. P. ii. 907 ; deatndt {sb.) Rob. 46 ; daatrai)) 

(pres.pl.) ATENB. 35 ] dMtndds (pret,) P. l. 8. 

xxiv. 196; destniied I.ANGL. (W.) 1139; de>- 

tiude Rob. 343 ; destroied Trev. I. 97 ; des- 

tnede ROB. 55; distruide [distniiede] WicL. 

Mat. xxii. 7 ; distriede i Mac ix. 73 ; da- 

■trulMl (pple.) JUDG. vi. 30 ; destniied PR. c 

4073 ; destraed Will. 3646 ; destniit 3847 ; 

destrud avenb. 30 ; destroied Mand. 95 ; 

destroiid Rich. 1358; destried Wicl. Mat. 

xxiv. 3 ; distrained l. h. b. 33 ; distruied Gow. 

111. 15; distroicd LtDG. H. P. Sj ; distried 

ALIS. 130; djsstried A. p. ii. 1 159. 
deatrolwa, sb., destrier, pr. p. I3o; dis- 

triet« WicL. JuD. viii. 35 ; deatriaria (pi.) 

JUOC. iii. 17. 



d0Btnii6iL 



dio. 



163 



dMtroiing, sb., disiroying\ destroienge 
Trbv. III. 449- 
determixutbla, adj., diUrminMs, a. p. L 594. 

d0terminat, pple.» Lot, detennin&tus; de- 
terminate^ Ch. astr. L 21 (11), ii. 18 (29). 

determine, v., OJ^r. determiner; determine, 
Lido. m. p. 66. 

detreooidn, sb., OJ^r. detraccion; ditrac- 
i!^ AYSNB. la 

detaractcmry sb., 0,Fr. detracteor; detrac- 
tor, PR. P. 120. 
dette, sb., O.Fr. dette, dete, debte; debt, PR. P. 

I90; A. R. 126; AYBNB. 3$. 

dette-lia, adj., free from debt\ in honour 
dettles Ch. C. t. A 583. 
detted, adj.,y^iyf dette; owed: to whom oni 
thing is detted, ethir owid WiCL. deut. xv. 2. 

dettOr, sb., OJ^r. detor, deteor, detteor; 

debtor, a. r. 312; dettom- HocCL. vL 7; 

dettoura (pL) aysnb. 113. 
dS8»Jtf/dte9. ddn, J/tf dinnoif^diie. 

deniy sb., OJ^r, deus, deu (dieu) ; God, Hav. 

1312 ; a deu {ms. dew) Townl. 94 ; par de 
•Ch. C. T.-^i3i2. 

deutd» see duets. dSvel, see dfioM. 
dlren, see dteTen o^ duven* 
Derene [BeYenea], ^,n,,^\,,peopleof Devon, 

La). 3088a 

Devene a<Ar6, pr. n., O.E. Defena scire; 

Devonshire, La|. 21015; Devene {printed 

Denene) schire Rob. 5. 
derdr, sb., O.Fr. devoir; duty, Shor. $4; 

Will. 474 ; Langl. ^ xiL 2 ; d. Arth. ismo; 

£. G. 5. 
devin, derinen, devinoar, see div-. 

devia, sb., 0,Fr. devis, vise, cf. Ital, devisa ; 
device. Will. 3222 ; to maken aftur his devis 
LIG. 46 ; at his aun devise c M. 11 576. 

devisement, sb., 0,Fr, devisement ; descrip* 
tion : i knew hit bi his devisement in pe 
apocalippez a. p. i. 1018. 

defiaen, y^from Lot. divfsus (ppie,)i divide : 
^ buk ... in seven partes deviaed (pple.) es 
PR. c. 348, 986. 

devisen 



deYOide, v., OJ^r, d^svuidier (dMder)', put 
away. Will. 2044 ; a. p. ii. 908 ; davoided 
(ppie.) R. R. 2929. 

davcddixige, sb., putting awav : in devoid- 
inge \it vilanie ^t venkqvist his ^wer a. p. 
ii. 543- 

deYora, see divora. 

derdty adj., OF'r. dev(H: ; devout, a. r. 376 ; 
devout Rob. 369. 

d0v5te-liolie, adv., devoutly. Will. 1245 ; 
devouteliche 2974; devoutliche ayenb. 211 ; 
devotli P. L. S.XXX.6; A. P. ii. 814; Ch. C. t. 
A 482 ; devoutli Lydg. m. p. 72. 
derouren, v., OJ^r, devorer; devour, Ch. 
C. T. ^21. 

devowr a r, sb., devourer, ^devorator^ PR. 
P. 12a 

devonreaao, sb., a female devourer : a de- 
vouresse of men WiCL. ex. xxxvi. 13. 

dfiw, ddwen, see dfiau, ddawen. 

dia» sb., medicine: dragge nor dia was none in 
buri towne Liix;. M. P. 49 ; with diaa (pi.) 
and drogges Langl. Czxiii. 174. 

diaone, sb., OF'r, diacne, 0.E, diacon ; fi'om 
Lot, diaconus, Gr, dtdicopos ; deacon, ayenb. 
190; HOif. L 71, 81; deakne Shor. 51; 
dOcenea (pi.) WiCL. i Tim. iiL 18. 

diad, see dted. 

diaddme, sb., Fr. diademe; diademf^'R'B.fL 
2153; CH.C.T. /•43. 

diaddmed, adj., crowned: David shall be 
diademed Langl. A iii. 268. 

dialt sb., died, PR. p. 12a 

dialatik, sb., Fr dialectique ; dialectics, logic, 
WiCL. PREF. EP. vii. 

dialoge, sb., LcU, dialogus. Or, htSKayot', 
prophecy : Daniel in his diidokea (//.) devised 
A. P. ii. 1157. 

dlamaund, sb., Fr diamant ; diamond, spec 
25 ; diamanta (pi.) Ch. C. t. A 2147. 

dispenidion, sb., cf. Fr, p^nide, modEng. 
pennet ; barley sugar, meaiccUed sweetmeat, 
Langl. B\. 123. 

diaper, sb., O.Fr. diaspre, diapre, med.Lat. 
diasprus ; diaper (kind of cloth) : towelle of 



% v., OJ^r, deviser, devisier ; tell;\ diaperi B. B. 129; diaper 268. 

/*/Mt/«<V4fJ^ • ^//*M y/» /i » l " M ifW^ » #I*V1C1 ^X^^m^m^^J^ .J: • ^-J 1*1.. J* 



devise, contrive; plan, determine: devisi 
AYENB. 144, 103; nis no nede heore armes 
to devise Alis. 7377 ; devise Gow. I. 31 ; 
device Will. 1602; Ch. Tro. iii. 407; 
ne devise hi mi^te best out of chambre 
wende Bek. 875 ; Trev. L 293 ; ordain and 
divise a gene S. S.' (Wr.) 2033 ; deriaede 
(pret.) Langl. Cxxii. 331 ; leg. 46; deviaed 
\ppU.) Man. (H.) 24. 

deviainge, sb., describing, Mand. 5. 

deriflidny see divlaiSn. 

devooiuiit sb., O.Fr devocion ; devotion, A. 
R. 286 ; devocion ROB. 330 ; ayenb. 107 ; 
devocioun P. l. s. xii. 139; pr. c 5906. 

M 



diapred, adj., variegated like diaper : cloth of 
^Id diapred wel Ch. C. t. ^2159; dighte 
m diap«rde (pi.) wedis D. Arth. 3251. 

dia|>, see dfiatS. 

die, sb., O.E. die, m.f, cf, O.L.G. die, O.Fris. 
dik, M.H.G. tich m., O.N. dlk, diki n.; dike, 
ditch : enne die, ane dich [one dich] La^. 
646, 6425; ba dich [)»e dich] 12570; dich 
A.R. 246; Rob. 86; BrD. 27; ayenb. 57; 
Alis. 6632 ; )«ovene dich (den of thieves) MlSC 
39; dik GEN. & EX. 281 ; in a dik [dike, dichej 
falle Langl. Bx\. 417; to delven a dich [dichej 
xix. 359 ; diche Mand. 29 ; diohe (dot.) Ch. 
C. T. ^4106; Orf. 347; to )>are diche 



\ 



164 



dio. 



dihtesu 



a & N. 1239; dike Rich. 6021 ; dibhas (//.) 
Lax, 9258; Rob. 409; dikes Hav. 1923; 
dicbe P. L. s. viii. 21 ; HOM. I. 163 ; MI9C. 59. 

dioen, v., from dfti, see dfi ; play with dice; 

cut into cubes: dicin, or pley with dicis 

*aleo* PR. P. 121 ; dicin, as men do biede 

*guadro' PR. P. 121. 
dioer, sb., dicer^ gambler : she makis "diaani 

ipi.) to selle thare come and thare cateUe 

TOWNL. 243 ; disars 242. 
dioing, sb., dice-playing; at the dising he 

dos us no wrang Townl. 24a 
dioh, see dio. 
diotour, sb., t Lot. dictator, ^«>di]it«re; 

steward, viceroy, D. Arth. 709. 
diderin, v., cf, prov.Eng. didder, dither; 

skiver, tremble, *frigutio,* PR. P. 121 ; dintus 

gerut him to dedur AV. Arth. xxv; dedir 

Xpres.) Townl. 28. 

[didren, v., 0.E, dyderian {fheat) \ cf. Dorset 
dial, dather (bewilder) ; comp, bl-didren.] 

dien, see dte^en and dS^eix. 

diep, see dfiop. diere, see dSore. 

dier^, sb., » O.N. dyr^,^ OX.G. diortha, 

diuritha, OM.G. tiurida; from66oTe% dearth; 

dier|« ayenb. 256 ; der^ p. s. 323 ; Trev. 

II. 55 ; Langl. ^ vi. 330; MAND. 38 ; (beauty) 

A. P. i. 99. 

diestere, see under dli^en. 
didte, sb., Fr, di^te ; diet, A. R. 1 12. 
dieten, v., from didte, sb., diet : if thow 
didte (subj,) xhtit thus Langl. ^vi. 27a 

diets, see dAatS. 

diflnMnacnonn, sb., Fr, dii&macion.yV.^iw Lat, 
diflf^mStio; cf, mod.Eng, defamation; dis- 
honour : it were a greet diflfamadoun for a 
man to use more ringes )>an oon Trev. II. 

313. 

diff&me, def&me, v., O.Fr. defamer ; defame, 
Trev. IV. 97, 99. 

diflbren, v., O.Fr, differer; defer: dfffarro 
(pres,) ['dij^erat*] WlCL. DEUT. vii. la 

difforence, sb., O.Fr. difTerance ; difference, 
AYENB. 10; Trev. V. 401. 

difioiiltd, sb., O.Fr, difficult^ ; difficulty, Ck. 
C. T. ^218. 

difPuse-lif adv., cf Lat, diffusus {adi^\ at 

. length, in detail : Luk . . . telli)> more aiflfuseli 

how man stie^ up to God WiCL. S. w. I. 391. 

di^el, adj., 0,E, dygol, dTgol, de^ol, dIegol,s 
0,H,G, tougal; secret, hidden \ m one swibe 
di^ele hale o. & N. 2; on diglan (0,E, 
dlglum) [*inabscondito*] Mat. vi. 4; dl^elen 
[di3elej bi haelves La). 26935. 

di^el-lio, adj., 0.E, dlgollic ; hidden : (his) 
digeliche, dieliche tocume HOM. II. 5, 7 ; 
di^elliohe (cuiv,) frag. 8 ; di^elliche & stille 
I-AJ. 13539. 

di36lne88e, sb., 0,E, dyg<slness; secrecy 
LA3. 2391 ; di3hekiesse Orm. 5501. 



[di^on, adj.,^ O.^.^. tougan ; secret.] 
di^en-Iio, adj., secret: mid dIJenlTche rQnen 

L^ 415-; di^enliche . . . biwide 6659*. 
d]^n, see d^eii and dSi^en. 
digest, sb.,m/i£Za/.dIgestum; the Pandects: 

\t lawes jof digest Trev. III. 255. 
digest, adj.yZo/. dlgestus; digested: when 

Phebus entrith in the Ariete, digest humoures 

upward doon hem dresse Lidg. M. P. 195. 

digestible, adj., OJ^r. digestible; easy of 
digestion, Ch. C. t. A 439. 

digestionn, sb., OJ^r, digestion ; digestion : 
deer eir and walking maki)> good digestioun 
B. B. 54 ; to digestioun repastis be nat goode 
Lidg. m. p. 155. 

digestive, sb., OJ^r, digestif; a help to di- 
gestion: digestives (pi,) CH. C. T. ^^4151. 

digge, sb^ duck ; digges {pi.) Chest. I. 52 
(MIR. PL.' 9) ; L. c a 9. 

diggin, v., ?«rdikin ; dig, ^fodio^ PR. P. 121 ; 
diggen him up Mand. \itj ; digge Trev. IV. 
329 ; Lidg. m. p. 145 ; ston ... to digge Will. 
224^; dig^e (v.r. delve) pittis WiCL. GEN. 
xxvi. 25 ; digg(e) it up S. S. (Wr.) 631 ; digged 
(pret.) up Langl. /?vi. 109 \A vii. 100 
aikeden] ; diggfide Wicl. Is. xxxiv. 1 5 ; deggid 
Lidg. m. p. 113 ; digglden (pi,) Wicl. num. 
xxL i8*. 
diggar, sb., digger, ^fossor^ PR. P. 118. 

digne, adj^ 0,Fr. digne, from Lat, dignus ; 
wort^,atgAified,KQ^\^2\ JOS. 252; WILL. 
583 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (43) ; PR. c. 74; £. G. 
29. 

digne-liohe, adv., with dignity, AYENB. 20 ; 
Will. 520. 

dignite, sb., OJ^r, dignity ; dignity, A. R. 140; 
Bek. 244 ; PR. c. 3872. 

dihten, v., 0,E, dihtan, = OJi,G, dihton, 
dict5n, 0,N, dikta, modlEng, dight; [from 
Lat, dictare] ; prepare, set in order : ^ setten 
heobiscopes ]»anfolken (r.foike) to dihten La). 
10201; Kath. 147 1 ; dihtin, ditin ^ dicto, 
paro* FtL, P. 123; hr leten hem di^te a gret 
schip Brd. k ; him to dethe di^te av. Arth. 
iv; dijt(e) a ba> Egl. 526; dighte Perc 652 ; 
al bat he dihteo (pres,) & deme% HOM. 1. 267 ; 
dinte (pret,) Marh. 2 ; he dihte feole domes 
LA3. 7221 ; he hit (his kineriche) dihte and 
delde 9192 ; |>us he us diste 25907 ; )>e king 
dihte him for to wende K. T. 954; di^te 
Shor. 10; and di3te me dereli Langl. B 
xix. 2 ; di^t (pple,) Will. 151 ; dight BR. C 
448 ; a lettre has he dight Degr. 153 ; idiht 
Kath. 1607 ; o. & n. 641 ; idi3t p. l. s. xxxv. 
106 ; comp, a^^Uhten. 

dihtende, sb., disposer, guider : dihtende of 
alle shafte hom. II. 123. 

di3tere, sb., 0,E, dihtere ; disposer, govern 
nor, AYENB. 100. 

di3tiDge, sb., disposition; detoration^ ayenb. 

1724. 



dlhtnare. 

dihtiun, Bb^ 0£. dihtneic ; s/tmard, 'Jit- 
ptnsator! FRAG. 2. 

lUk, j«vdIo. 

dikia, v^ O.E. dician,— Ji^-At/. dlken, OStis. 
dika, dltsa; dig, make a ditth «r Mu, 
'fossoi PR. P. 131 jl diken, diche Lamgl. B 
vi. 143; xbcssa: dikeGoT. 1. 15; C11.C.T. 
^536; dIk»d(>!;M«.) WILL. 3333; ididied 
C L. 674- 
dlkaze, ab., O.E. dfcere; d^lur; dikan 

(//.) LAMGU a PROL. I03. 

dil, adj^ ?-dnl; didlJoetUh: dill & >law Orh. 

9fi£j; dilleGAW. 1^39; A.P.L679; Towvi. 

136; domb & dille Haluw. 303. 
dllAtaoiOii, sb., Lot. dnat&tto; dilatatiaHs 

tnlargtmeni, £ffiuttutt, Ch. C t. £ 333. 
dUe, sb., O.E. Ai\a,-OM.V. tiUi ; dili, 'aiu- 

t{h)um,' -voc 140; Pall. iv. 167; diUcPR-P. 

131 ; dllM (gen.) leeCHD. III. 93. 
dil^ien, v., O.E.[a.-)di\^xa,Ai\egiaa,^OJ^ris. 

fur-)diJwia, O.L.G. (far-)dilig6ii, OM.G. tili- 

ean ; *^e, txtirpatt, extinguish ; diljhen {tiu, 

Hilljhenn) Otiu. 4083 ; c<tmf. »^ fbrsUljlen. 
diligenoe, sb., O.Fr. diligence, Lai. dllifcntia; 

ittigtnet: ayemb. 338; Gow. II.6i,68; Ch. 

C. T. B 1739 ; oon bath alewtbe anothir dilli- 

gence LiDC. U. P. 161. 
diligent, adj., O.Fr. diligent, from Lot. dlli< 
' gens; £tigtHi, ayenb. 33, 330; Gow. II. 

39; diligent travaile LliXt. U. P. 89. 
dUlcent-Uolie, adv., diUgtntfy, AVENa 70; 

dlUsantUer {camp.) WiCL. 3 kings iii. 3i 

(P.); 3 Mac xi. 36. 
i4iii , fte dlL dille, tee dll«. 
dillen, v., ?>«dnU«ti; rmdtr dull, become 

dull: dille C u. 303; Townl. 136; dlUm 

(pret. tvij.) REL. I. 317. 
dUuTie, sb., Lot. dlluviuro, cf. O.Fr. diluve ; 

cf. deiag«; deluge, fiood: the diluvie or 

greet flood Wici. 3 Pet. ii. 5 ; diluvie WiCL. 

GEN. vL 17 •. 
dim, adj., O.E. dimm,— O-Am. dim, OJV. 

dimror ; dim, obscure, o. & N. 577 ; Cen. & ex. 

386; AYENB. 159; MAND. 60; PR. C. 1166; 

Perc 1994 ; dim and derk c. L. 71 1 )« boddc 
dim bicom Shor. 86 ; his dimme eijen frag. 
J ■ dlmme (adv.) Gow. II. 393; |>aui i loke 
dimme Lancl. B x. 179; dlianu (//.) REL. 
I. 3IO (misc. 3). 

dlxa-liohe, adv., c/. O.E. dindlc {adj.); 
dimly: dimli A. P. iii. 374; A. K. 310. 

dlmnWM, sb., (?.£. dimness; dimnett, 'ob- 

tcuritas; FRAG. 7. 

dime, sb., Fr. dime, O.Fr. disme, Jrom Lai. 

dedma ; tenth, lithe, LtDG. M. P. 137 ; dimw 

[distncs] (pi.) Langl. B xv. 536. 
dimlnuen, v.,^r. diminuer; Zo/. dEminuere ; 

^piimith, disparage; Aimiii'axA(ppie.)['dero- 

gatlis'] or spoken ivel WlCL. Ez. xxxv. 13. 
dirainntada, ib., Fr. diminution, Jrom Lot. 

deminfitio; diminutioH, COW. III. 89. 



diBaTentOre. 



i«5 



. . O.E. dimniian,->0.^. dimma; 
dEfjw, 'ottatro^ PR. P. isi ; dimmen REL. I. 
6j ; dlJiiinl)> (pret.) P. L. s. vi. 7 ; him 
dunmeli (ba) eijen frag. 5 ; dimtiMde ( pret.) 
TRBV.vri.411; dimmede [dimmed] Langl. 
^ V. 3oa 

dlnualnfe, >h., dimming, RicK. 6977; t» 
(^) diniminge at ^ ilai Tor. 514*. 
dindelin, v.,gC Jf>OK. tintden; tiHkle,'limiio' 

PR. P. 131. 

dine, dinen, tee dOno, dQnlm. 

dbien, v., OJ^r. disner; dint', dinen [dine] 

Langl. .^ v. 58 ; dlnads (pret.) Hob. 558. 
diner, sb., O.Fr. drtner ; dinner. Rich. 655 ; 

Langl. £vi. 393. 
dinge, tet dOnge. 
dlngen, v., tf. OJf. den^a,'=M.f/.G. tengen, 

Cv.Eng. ding ; ieai, ttrike, FER. 717; 
NGL. By'i. 143; dtnge Hav. 315; Alis. 

1733; PBRC 19157; daag {pret.) £GL.55o; 

wi^ his tail ^ erWe) he dang Iw. 3167; 

dong Hav. 1 147 ; Rich. 5370 ; dongaa (pi.) 

Map 338 ; dimsen (ppie.) Hav. 337 ; PR. C 

3356; dongen MiN. vii. 74. 
dinglns, (b., blow, ttrvie: dongun wi^ 

mani dinsissa (//.) apol. 37. 
dingle, ib., i^OJI-G. toncuUa (■whirlpool); 

modJing. dingle; t tea-bottom ; deopre ^en 

eni sea dingle hoh. I. 363. 
dint, see diiat. ' 
diooeaan,sb.,0./>.diocesian.ni/</.Z^.dioece- 

slnus ; diocetan, iithep : yow be mi defen- 

sour in our dloe— Mia (gen.) sight sacr. 854. 
dio^se, lb., OJ'r. diocise, diocese : dioeete, 

Ch. C. T. ^ 664- 
dippen, M« djippen, dirk, -jm dearo. 
direote, v., fivtn Lat. directus ; direct, lA'oa, 

u. p. 347 ; dlreota (prts.) 149 ; dirccti^ 344. 
dirige, ak, Lat. dirige {the firtt word of a 

funeral h/mn) ; dirge : a placebo and dirige 

for all the sowles of the bredern and susters 

E. G. 190V 191 ; dirige, office for ded men 

'ereouie' PR. P. 131; dcregi E. & 145 ; say 

his aorge and masse LlDG. IC. P. 1 1 1. 
disaloueii, v., OJ'r. desaloucr; disailovi 

dlaalowod (pple.) Langl. B xiv. 13a 
dlMOowlng, sbL, disapproval, Langl. B xiv. 

139- 
diflarmen, v., O.Fr, desanner; tUtarm, Ch. 

BOET. i. 4 (13). 
dis-aaenten, v., dit^ree, refitte consent ; 

dlsaaant (pple.) D. "ikov 8016; dissaisent 

9368, 
liaavannoen, v., O.Fr. desavanccr ; hinder 

damage: disavaunce Ch. Tro. ii. J II. 
dlaAiTanntftge, ab.,ditadviuitage, mitfertune : 

Trey. II. 161; dlMulTanntftgea (pi.) 111. 



i66 



difC. 



^r* ^v ^ '^tfw^s 

(disk), O.HX}. fisc //oMr ), y>vw Zo/. discos ; 
su dmkm; dish, Jo& 397 ; (V«^^) Wkx. 2 
MiU^ hr. 14; ibroken nep <mr disdi a. r. 
344; disc LiU, 19693; di« *Mscus^ scmUU* 
PR. F. 132; ^usdb« (i^.) Mamd. 52; disse 
HORV i\J) 1144; dlsehM (//I) MI8C 175 : 

dABA^-tal^ih^dUhful'. tlvedisdiliilof blod 
S. s. rWeb). 1906; dissciildl 1918; dissefol 
1900; difsrol AYEJTB. 119; dlMblbllas {JL) 
Sw %. (Wtb.) 1892. 

dl«e-)'isiii» sb^ MU servanif fUAC 4. 

dlicdiera^ sb.y from dlseh ; dtshmaier^ disk- 
MilUr^ Lamgl. ^ ▼. 166 ; CtiL 372. 
diMlMrMi* sb., (femaU) dishseller^ Lamgl. 

dl0Ota#rAl0llf ▼*, ^.Fr. deschereler; dishevel'. 

dIslMFsUd (>yi>.) Ch. p. f. 235. 
dlflOiple, fb., (7./r. disciple ; disciple^ P. S. L. 

xvii« 390; difloiplM (//.) HOif. 1. 141 ; Misc. 

dtooipla M if f^>^femai€ disciple : adisdplesse 
(v. r. stun disci]Misse) WiCL. DBKDS ix. 36. 

diflOipline, sb.y ^^r. dlsdplfiie ; discipline^ 
P. 8« L. xvii. 114; PR. c 5556. 

dlflOipline, ▼., C>.Fr. discipUner; discipline^ 
BSK. 2367. 

dlfloliiidrey Mtf daselaadrm* 

dlflOlAMf adj., dischUf Gow. I. 294; desdos 
Gow. H. 354. 

diioldfeiif v., disclose^ reveal, Gow. I. 294: 
didose LiDG. M. P. 26; dasolgsad (pple.) 
Gow. I. 157. 

diioomiltixigy sb., defeat, Ch. C. t. A 2721. 

diicomfitlkrey sb., discomfiture, CiL C. T. ^ 
1008 ; An. 326. 

diiooiiiforty sb., OJF'r. descomfort; discam^ 
fort; Trev. I. ^63 ; disconforte Ch. Tro. iv. 
283 ; discoumfort WiCL. £z. vii. 19. 

difoomforteny v., O.Fr, desconforter; dis- 
comfort ^ defeat, Ch. C. t. A 2704 ; desconfite 
Man. (F.) 13944 ; descowmforten PR. P. 122 ; 
disoonfortad (prft,) WiCL. NUM. PROL. ; di«- 
aoumfbrtld (pple,) Josh. v. i ; disconfite 
Gow. I. 362; discomnt III. 200. 

dlMonaolaty adj., disconsolate, Ch. Tro. v. 
542 ; LiDG. M. P. 205. 

disooilYeiiieiioei ^b., discord, unstdtableness \ 
LiDG. M. p. 82. 

ditoordable, adj., 0,Fr, descordable, from 
Led* discord&bilis ; not in accord with, in" 
compatible, Gow. 11. 225 ; elements jthat ben 
so aiscordable Ch. Tko. iii. 1704. 

diBOordanoe, sb., 0,Fr. descordance; dis" 
cordance, ay£NB. 259. 



damt^ Gow. IIL 163. 
difleardtf^ siw OJ^r. des-, disoofde; dluemid^ 

PS.P.M3; diMOfdATnfiL43; dcsoord 

196; SsoK. 141. 
d to eog dia , v^ OL^r, dcscofder; iKiard; 

122; di0eocd0^(j»m.) TRkv. L 123 ; 

d0d0 (prei.) TRkv. IIL 97. 



PR. P. 



nas noa cfisooiding Robl 255. 

d toe or e ran, ▼., O^r. dcscD u wer; duceveri 
disotrin PR. P. 122; H. ▼. ^;. dlakowras 
(pres,) Gaw.41$; diacm e u E.G.55; dSaoawet 
(in^.) I. 305 ; d to e u f w r lu ga 0^*) Wkx. 

2 lUlfGS TL 20; di s to f S K Ot ipple.) Jos. 35CX 

diaoarariii^, rix; discoriiigeof cownsdlePR. 
P. 122 ; descoreriiig Will. 1024, 1044. 

difloorert^ adj., OFr, descovert ; tmcevered^ 

DRKAM6. 

dlaooTeftey db^ uncovered parti Afisaimder 
smot him in die discoYeite Alis. 7417. 

diaoreaitay sb^ OSr. discretion ; discreOam^ 
AYRNR. 155 ; discredoon Ch. C. T. A 2537. 

diaoreet, ad^ OJ^r. discret ; discreet, Ch. C. 
t.A 312; LIDG. M. P. 155; discrete Trsv. 
V. 459 ; Gow. IIL 167. 

diaortt-li» adv., discreetly, Wicu s. w. IIL 
17a 

diflorteeiit v., medJLat. discresoere ; decrease, 
. LiDG. M. P. 244; Gow. IL 189. 

diaorieiiy see daaciilau, 

diaooMen, v., from Lot. discassos (pple^ ; 

mod.En£. discuss; examine, search into: 

Crist saldiscusse alle thing PR. a 6247. 
diadainen, v., OF*, desdeigner, desdaigner, 

from Lat. dedi£p:i2rl ; disdain; disdeine LiDG. 

M. P. 37 ; deadaine^ (pf^^-) Gow. III. 227 ; 

disdaineth [disdeintithj r. r. 5688 ; disdeig- 

neth Gow. 1. 84 ; dedeineden (pple.) WiCL. 

MAT.xxi. 15. 

diadaixuma, adj., OF'r. desdeinous ; disdain' 
ful\ desdainoos Ch. TRa ii. 1216. 

[diae, sb., MJLG. dise (fiax prepared for 
spinning).^ 

diae-atai; sb., O.E. distaef; distaff, ^colus' 
FRAG. 4; distaf voc 157; disestaife 269; 
distaf Ch. C. t. A 3774 ; diatavaa (//.) Trev. 
VIIL211. 

diadein, sb., OF'r. dtadBing,=/tal. disdecpo; 
disdain; disdein CM. 11 30 9; desdein [dis- 
dain] Ch. C. t. c; 41 ; dedein Rob. 172 ; Jos. 
244; MiRC 1159. 

dia^ren, v., cf O.Fr. deseriter; disinherit: 
daa§rod1n (pret.pl.) treu airs unri^tfulli Misa 
211. 

diaeritd, sb., OFr. deseritd ; cf disheriten ; 
a disinherited person: so ^t \t deaeritte 
(pi.) into Jns lond come Roa 85 ; he kni^tes 
were diserites in |>e lond aboute wide 563. 

diadae, sb., OFr. desaise; disease^ trouble^ 



diidie. 



diflpeniaoioiiiL 



167 



Gow. 1. 139 ; Ch. C. t. B 3961 ; desese Trsv. 

IV. 303; disease LiDG. IC P. 30; diseese WiCL. 

3 Cor. i. 4*; disSMs (pi.) Trev. 11. 185 ; 

disesis WiCL. s. w. III. la 
difltee-ftil, adj., troubUsome^ WiCL. GEN. 

X3cxix. 10 ; KX. xxiU. 9 ; this widowe is hevi, 

or diseseful, to me WiCL. Lk. xviii. 5. 
difldae, v., OJ^r. desaisier; trouhlt, annoy^ 

Ch. Tro. iv. 1272; diadae|> (pres^ Gow. 

III. 3; diadacMl IppU:^ Gow. I. 89; disesid 

WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 15*. 
diaeapeir, sb., OJ^r. desespeir; despair \ in 

desespeire Gow. II. 125 ; dessespeir Ch. 

Tro. 1. 605. 
diaeapeirey v.,Bdeapeiren; /V. d^sesp^rer; 

despair^ be without hope, LiDG. M. P. 236; 

diaaapeired {ppU^ of our owne offence Lidg. 

M. P. 179. 
diaeaperaty adj., hopeless*, dtsesperat [de- 
sperate] of alle blis Ch. h. f. 2015. 
dJaeaperatmcey sb., hopelessness \ desesper- 

aunce Ch. Tro. iL 1307. 
diaflgfbre, sb., deformity, schulde tellen of 

his disfigure Ch. C. t. Z>96a 
diaflgnren, v., 0,Fr. desfigurer; deform \ 

daflgurd {pple.) PR. & 3338. 
diagmae, adj., O.Fr. desguis^; fashionable i 

thaire degise atire Hamp. PS. ad vL 1 1 ; degise 

Ch. C. t. /417; dei^aa {sb,) PR. C 1518; 

dei^aea {sb.pL) 1524. 
diagmaen, v., 0,Fr, desgulser ; disguise ; des- 

guise Gow. II. 227 ; deaguiaede (pret.) Man. 

(F.) 4744 ; diagiifaed (pple.) Will. 1677. 
diagiaingy sb., covering : the wrecchid swol- 
len membres that thai schewe thuigh des- 

gising [disgising] Ch. C. t. 7425. 

[diagmai, adj.] 
diagiai-li, adv., strangely : desparaged wexe 

i disgisiii ^ i dede in ^s wis Will. 485. 
^Swi^a&n!em^i^,<, strange appearance': precious 

clothing is coupable tor his straungenes, and 

disgisihes.CH. C. T. 7414. 
diaheriteiit v., C^J^r. desheriter ; disinherit \ 

desherite Hav. 2547 ; A. P. ii. 185 ; idaaerited 

(pret,) Rob. 375 ; see diaerlM. 
diahondr, OJ^r. deshonor; dishonour \ des- 

honor Fl. & Bl. 655 ; Man. (F.) 6342. 

diahonourei^ v., dishonour \ daahonoured 
ipple.) of that she hadde be defloured Gow. 
II. 322 ; deshonoured 377. 

diahoneflte, adj., OF'r, deshoneste ; dishonesty 

diahbneaten, v., 0,Fr, deshonester: dis^ 
honour : whan thou hast diahonaatld (ppU.) 
thi frend WiCL. PROV. xxv. la 

din, see d&aL 

di^oiAt, sb., 0,Fr, desjoinct ; dilemma^ awh- 
ward position \ of what wight that stant in 
swich di^iointe (dai,) Ch. Tro. iiL 447; 
i ttonde in this disjoint C. T. B i6oi. 



diaknmitty j»» diaoomfita. 

diamaian, v., cf. Span, desmayar ; tfor aa- 
maian; dismay ; oemaien Jos. 84 ; deamaie 
(imper.) )ou no longer Will. 3040 ; dismaie 
Lidg. m. p. 263 ; demai Gaw. 470 ; damaida 
(pret,) Rob. 156 ; diamatd (pple.) Gaw. 336. 

diame, see dime. 

diamembrin, v., O.Fr. des-, de-membrer; 

dismember^ PR. P. 122 ; damambred (ppie.) 

Rob. 559. 

diamitte, v., for Lot. dimittere; dismiss, 
WiCL. Jer. xxxii. 1 1 ; deamittidan (pret. pi.) 
DEEDS xvii. 10 ; diamltted (ppU.) or relesid 
I Mac X. 43. 

diaobedienoOy sb., disobedience^ Lidg. m. p. 

143. 
diaobeie, v., OF'r, desobeir ; disobey ^ Gow. I. 

86 ; dlaobeide (pret,) 1. 338. 
diaobeiaaunce, sb., OF'r. desobeisance ; dis' 

obedience, Gow. I. £6. 
diaobeiaaunty adj., OF'r. desobeissant ; dis' 

obedient, Ch. P. F. 428 ; Gow. I. 248 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 143. 
diaord^ney adj., from OF'r, ordener ; inoT' 

dinate, excessive, ayenb. 34; desordene Ch. 

BoET. ii. 2 (36) ; AYENB. 46 ; disoidein Ch. C. 

T. /818. 
daaord6ne-liohe» adv., inordinately, ayenb. 

55. 

diaordixiat, adj., immoderate^ excessive, CH. 
C. T. 7422; R. R. 4818; disordinat of lan- 
guage Lidg. m. p. 258. 

diaour, sb., OF'r. disour ; speaker, teller of a 
story, b. disc 139; dlaoura (pL) ALiS. 
6991. 

diaparfige, sb., want of equality, Ch. C. t. 
908. 

diaparagen, v., O.Fr. desparagier; disparage, 
diaparagida (pret,) Trev. VII. 385 ; dea- 
paraged (pple^ Will. 48$. 

diaparplin, v., for eaparplin; scatter', 
disparplen PR. P. 122; disparple WiCL. Ez. 
xii. 14; diqiMurpUth (pres^ John x. 12; de- 
sparpleth Mand. 4; diaparpoillda (pret^) 
GEN. xi. 9 ; diaparplid (pple^ John xvi. 32. 

diapencery sb., O.Fr. despensier; steward-. 
Hue ^ Dispencer Rob. 559. 

diapenden, v., O.Fr. despendre ; spend, dis' 
sipate ; dispendin PR. P. 122 ; dispendi AYENB. 
53; despende PR. c. 125 ; de^pemdath (pres.) 
Gow. 1. 106; diap«nded (pret,) PR. c. 2435 ; 
despended Langl. B xii. 49 ; despent Gow. 
II. 162; dispendede AYENB. 128; diapended 
(pple.) Ch. C. t. E 1403 ; dispended, dispent 
Gow. I. 197, 309. 

diapendoury sb., steward', desspendoure 
AYEN& 190; dispender [/o/^T/^.dispendere] 
WiCL. Lk. xii. 42 ; diapenderia (pi,) WiCL. 
1 Cor. iv. I ; despendours Ch. C. t. B 2843. 

dupenaaoioun, sb., O. Fr. dispensacion ; 



i68 



dlspeoMeUniiL 



UstBWJfBtOTL 



dMetuaium^ Trkv. III. 469; dBspcnsacioon 
wif bis lawe winnes midie oaooey WiCL. & w. 
III. 163. 

dl^enaa, stx, O^r, despense ; expenu^ omt- 
Aff; dispence Aus. 3616; deqiense ayknb. 
21 : d ag p e nw (//.) Cu. C. t. ^3^43. 



dispoDsiiif 

PR. p. 133. 



▼^ O^r. despenter; dispense^ 



digpenahen, v., Zo/. dispeifre; disferu^ 
W1CL.JUD.zL3; wiSD. XVL39; dtq^Moriilit 
(prei.) WiCL. LAM. ▼. i& 

dispen, adj., Z^i/. dispersus; dbpened^ Gow. 

II: 185; IIL 175; diapera (fpU) II. 177- 
dlapletaiy r^ OJrr, desfrieier, -ploier ; displays 

dbgplBlmd (prei.) Ch. C t. ^^966. 

dJ^loaannno, sb., O^r. desplesance ; dis- 
pleasure : Ch. THo. vL 430 ; iiL 1345 ; LiDG. 
M. P. 71 ; displeasaoDce drsam 1461. 

diapl^aen* v., OJ^r. de8plaisir,y^ww Lai, dis- 
pficSre; dispisaUf ^displiuo, PR. p. 133; 
WICL. Ez. XX. 43; dbplease LiDG. if. P. 169; 
dlapl6ae (pres.) Langl. B xiiL 135 ; dia- 
pUaad (prei.) LiDa M. P. 91 ; deaplteed 
(ppU.) Gow. III. 173. 

dilapKatngy sb., displeasure^ Trkv. II. 41 1. 

diapdnen, v., OJ*'r. despondre, Lai, dispdneie; 
dispou; dlapAiia|>(/rtf.)CH.BoET.iv.6(i34); 
Tro. iv. 935 ; diapdne (imper.) v. 30a 

diapofty sb^ 0»Fr. despoit; dispart^ spori\ 
disjporte Gcw. 11. 175 ; desport Ch. C. t. A 
775; sport lud. Cov. 185 ; disportea (pi,) 
DRSAif. 104. 

dlaportey v., O^r. desporter; spori^ diveri^ 
Gow. I. 75, 119; Ch. Tro. ii. 1673. 

diapdaeOy ▼. 0./>. dispdser ; dispase\ LiDa 
If. P. 149; diapdaith (pres,) LIDG. M. P. 
197 ; di^sed (prei.) LiDG. if. P. so, 176 ; 
Trbv. I. 109; diapdaid (ppU.) WiCL. s. 
w. III. 68, 161 ; disposed Lidg. il p. 159. 

diapoaitidii, sb^ OJ^r, disposition; dispo- 
siOon^ Ch. Tro. ii. 526 ; disposicion of Venus 
Gow. I. 50 ; after the disposition of natural 
complexion Gow. 1. 93; dispoddoun Lidg. 
If. P. 174; diapoaioiouiia (//.) Trev. I. 51. 

duq;>reiain, v., OJ^r. desprisier ; blame^ * cuipo^ 
viiupero^ PR. P. 133 ; dispreise LiDG. If. P. 84. 

diapraiainge, sb., blaming^ Ch. C. t. B 
3876. 

diaprdren, v., disprove : schul . . . nou^ hem 
despreve by despitusoun Trev. I. 17; ^s 
diq;>r^eS (pres,) not^t Gaufrede his stone 
Trev. V. 339. 

diapiiten, v., 0,Fr, des-, disputer; dispute^ 
Langl ^ viii. so; dispute [dispuite] CL. io8s; 
dispuite MiRC 673 ; desputi P. L. S. xix. 74 ; 
sputs Kath. 131 5; spute Jos. 148; dea-' 
p^tede (pret^ ayenb. 79. 

diaptiting, sb., dispuioHon^ conienHon : me 
^uncheV jbetere ^ ha beo ear overcomen wi¥ 



deqmtinge Kath. 558 ; wiicdiermidiqwtiBf: 
Is a|eiis man WiCL. Job xxL 4. 
diqnit«ao«iii« sb., O^r.desp a t o ison ; Sspmimr 
Hon, Ch. C T. B442S; dispatadoon iMk, 
139; desputeson Gow. L 9a 

[diB'TewU^ ady^^fivm xafwle; umrufy,] 
dlarafwli-H : lede his hf disiewlilie R.R. 490S. 

diaawaan, v., OJ^r, dessaisir; disseige; 
dia a alaad ipple.) c L. 1088. 

dlamiiaino, sb., disseixitt^ £. g. 361. 

diaamoidii, sb., OJ^r, dissension, IjoI, dis- 
sensio ; dissension^ PR. C 4061 ; dessendomi 
W1CL.S.W. III. 133; discendoim IIL 141; 
disMndun a if. 33331, 33338. 

diaamiton, y,^from Lot, dissentfre ; disagrwei 
if i diaaanta (subj,) Lidg. m. p. 44. 

itinwrranmnon, sb., OJ^r. desseverance ; se- 
paraHan^ Ch. Tro. iiL 1375 ; BoET. iiL 11 

(96). 
diaaeTaren, v., OJ^r, dessevrcr; dsvide^severi 
i wolde him fro the court desever Gow. I; 
333 ; diaaavar (refi,) Gow. IL 97 ; daaavfrd. 
( j^.) MISC. 31 ; diaaevart (prei.) ix Trot 
160S ; A. P. iiL 314. 

diaaiiniilmtidii, sb., Fr, dissimolation ; dis- 
simulaOony preience^ Gow. I. 74. 

di8aiiniil0ii,v.,Zii/'.dissimulare; dissintulatej 
kide^ preiend, Ch. Bobt. v. 6 (178) : som can 
dissunele and blow the bukkis horn by ap- 
parence of feined kindenesse Lidg. m. p. 
160 ; dlaaimalida (pret,) WiCL. 1 kings z. 
37 ; dissimilide i kings xxiii. 13. 

diaaimnUnga, sb., dissembling^ Ch. Tro. t. 
1635 ; dlaalmnHngaa {pi,) Ch. Ct.F 385. 

diaaimaloar, sb.. Lot, dissimulator ; 
sembler: CH. C. T. B 4418. 

diaaoluoionn, sb., Fr, dissolution ; 

R. R. 4900; Lidg. u. p. 347. 
diaaolat, adj., Lai, dissolutus ; dissoheie*, now 

passing besi, now dissolut, now idil LlDG. 

If. P. 345 ; dissolute laughters B. B. 36. 

diaaolYen, v., dissolve-, diaaolvad {pple») 
S. A. L. 80; dissdvid WiCL. s. w. III. 163; 
dissolved 68. 

diataf, see under diaa. 

diataaoe, sb., OJ^r, distance ; distast^ : *dis* 
tantia* PR. P. IS3 ; a distance (disagreemeni) 
there is ispronge Bek. IS85 ; ^r was at 
londone a lute distance (tumuli) Rob. 570; 
without destaunce Rich. r669. 

diateine, v., OJ^r, desteindre ; stain^ Ch. L. G. w. 
369 ; stdne Gow. I. 335 ; deateinad HOCCL. 
L340. 

diatempraunce, sb., 0,Fr, desteraprance ; 
unfayourableness : the destempraunce of the 
hevehe Ch. Boet. iii. 1 1 (97). 

diatemparen, v., 0,Fr, destemprer; disorderi 
diatamparaa (pres,) WiCL. S. w. IIL 157; 
distemperin ^ distempero* PR. P. 133. 
diatampring, sb., want of due pro^ortitms^ 



distemperen. 

dttifrdfr: pt dettempringe of ^*e vour 

qiulite* AYENB. 153. 
dMemperOre, sb^ ef. O.Fr. tempsreure; 

inUmptram*, want of modtraiioi*, WICL. & 

w. III. 156. 
dlstem]^, adj., intemfenai: Ch. Bogt. iv. 

3 ("0. 
dlBtUlstifin, sb^ O.Fr. dutillation, Lot. di»- 

tilUtio; aifofdistiiUng, Gow. II. 86. 
distUlen, v., O^r. distiller, from Lai. di- 

■tilUrc ; dri^,fiow ; diitUleth {.prts.) Gow. 

1. 3 ; dimming (ppit.) Udc h. p. 363. 
[distiiiat, adj.. Lot. distinctus ; Jistinct^ 

dlatlnot-li. adv., SsHnttty, Lidc. If . p. 63. 
distiiioto, v., O.Fr. dUtincter; dUtingmth, 

R. R.6199. 
distinateii, v., from Lai, distinctus; lA- 

shnguish : to distincti betvene )>e guode ^ngu 

and ^ kveade ayenb. 153. 
diatinotifiiifsb., O.Fr. disdaction; distinction, 

A. R. 13; distiaccioun Trey. I. ili; Cu. 

BoET. ii. 5 (46) ; dlattnetlniu (ft.) a. k. 13. 
diatiBgneii, v., Fr. distinguer,_^M Lot. di- 

stinguere ; diifingmth : wilde mendeatliigvC 

(prei.\ noa)t no]^r to sette der feeldes by 

boundes no(ier by merei TkEV. I. 135 ; art 

bou diaUngwsd (M/e.) and embelised bi 

ft springing flourei Ch. Boet. iL 5 (47). 
duttnwt, adj., ib.. Lot. distractus ; distracted 

diitracte were thai sdthli d. Troy 3319: 

distrauhte in thoubte LiDC. H. P. 306. 
distnoten, v., nudLat. distractire ; distract : 

boddi Higis dlctrftotib (pres.) men Wicl. 

S. w. in. 84. 
distraotioim, sb., dttraetion, tlandtr : suf&e 

no distracdoun LiDO. h. p. 67. 
diMreiiien, v., OFr. destraindre ; eonsiraitt, 

compfi; desirigni Bek. 711 ; deatralna 

{imp.) Ch. Tro. v. 596 ; dartndn«de (pret.) 

i. 3S4 ; distreigned Uek. 751. 
dutreMe, sb., OFr. desirece ; distress, Gow. 

11. 368; Rich. 3763; diitres a. p. ii. 1159; 

LiDG. H. F. 76 ; distresce Bek. 755 ; destresse 

Rob, 442 ; Gow. I, 333 ; LiDG. h. p. 337. 
dutrecen, v., distress : (|>ay) dlatMad {prtt.) 

him wonder stiajt a. p. li. G79. 
distiurbanoe, sb., O.Fr. destourbince ; mm- 

motion ; desturbance rel. 1. 365 ; destour- 

bance Rob. 436. 
dlflturben, v., O.Fr. destourber; disturb; 

deslurben a. r. 162; desturbi P. L. s. xvii. 

360 ; destorbe^ (P^'f-) avenb. 179. 

dlaturblng, sb., disturbing; destourbinge 

LKB. JES. 438 ; destorbinge ayenb. 335. 
diBtarblen, v., trouble; disturbelin ^ turbo, 

amlurbo' PR. p. 133; diiturble Wici. ps. 

ii. 5; dMtorbUst (pres.) Halliw. 307; 

dJMonrtden (pi.) Wici.. & w. HI. 133; 

dlaturbllng* (ppU.) Wto- deeds xvii. 13; 

distourbleds {pret.) R. R. 1713 ; dirturbUd 



diTllL 



169 



(j^^-) John ndL 37; diitouifoled s.' w. III. 

13s; distroubled Ch. D.Bi.533; distrobled 

WiCL. Mat. mv. 6. 
^Meiasti^Si^,^., troubling, disturb^tte'. fro 

disturbling of men Wici- PS. xxx. 31 ; dis- 

trobelinge of pece 'disturbrum, tta-bad*' 

PR. p. 133 ; distourbling of witte Wici. S. w. 

III. 135 ; disturbling LK. x]dii..i9, 
disturboor, *b.,0./>'.destourbeur; disturber; 

desturbour Bee. i i to. 
distumen, v., OJ^r. deitoumer, Fr. dAour- 

ner; turn avay: tbi fader prei al tbilke 

banne deartunu Ch. Tro. iii. 669. 
dUtism, v., become unaccustomed, misuse, ' ob- 

soUo, dissuesco, abutor,' PR. P. 133; virtues 

of God may no mon disuse WlCL. & w. III. 

157; a riche mon ^ diafLalds (pret.) bi> 

Tichesse II. 1. 
diE-W«Te, tb.) ef. wen ; dcuit, ' dubium,' PR. 

P. 133 ; witboute diswaire L. C. C 51 ; with- 

outen diswaire 35. 
ditane, sb , Fr. dictame ; dittat^ (a piani), 

PR. P. 133, 
ditd, sb., O.Fr. dit6, dict^ mod.Eng. ditty; 

^oem, verse; singing, PR. P. 133; WiCL. 

DEUT. xzn. 19 ; dlteM (pi.) Trev. IV. 309, 
diten, see dlhton. di)), see iMtX. 
diten, v., OF^r. dieter, Lai. dietire; indite, 

indict: dilin or inditen letters and spectte 

'£cto' PR, p. 133; ditinorinditenfbrtrespace 

^indiclo'' PR. p. 133. 
ditlnc, six, composition, 'dictamcn, in- 

dictatio, PR. P. 133 ; (he) in his diting . . , 

teUus D. Troy 3850; his diting of bis dedit 

739a- 
dltoor, sb., historian, orator, Tbev. Ill, 

163 ; advoketes and dItonr«a (//.) II. 373, 
diven, see d^von. 
diTeTen,v.,— ^/.Zte.daveren; tremble, Kath. 

619; divere HOU. I. 383; speoken i ne dar 

nawt, ah diveri ant daiie Marh. 16. 
divera, adj., OFr. divers; divert, SkoR. 

143; AYENB. 15; CM. 11054. 

dlven-liohe, adv., diversely, TrBV. V. 339 j 

diversli pined PR. c 7473 ; LiDC. M. P. 1 19. 
divernte, sb., OFr. diveraitj; divtrtiiy. 

Trey. III. 467; CH.C.T.533a 
diTerK^e, sb.. Lot. diversGrium ; inn, lio. 

9o». 
diTiden, v., Zo/. dlvidere; divide; dlvidon 

(Pl.) CH. ASTR. i. 7 (S) i divida (imier.) Wicu 

EX. xiv. 16 ; dlTidodm (pret.) WiCL. PS. xxi. 

19; dlvldld (fpU.) Wicu 4 xiNOS li. 8; 

divided s. w. 111. 130; Ck. astr. i. it (81 j 

Gow. 1. 7. 
dirin, sb., O.Fr. di-, devin, Lai. divlnus; 

divine, augur; dl-,d«Ttnea (pi.) Trey. III. 

S19; ]*e devinea and (e wichen avkmb. 

19- 
divin*, lb., cf. diTlnaii, dlviiw ; proplutjn 



17© 



diTln. 



divtnatiom; tktology; Mertin, in his devin, 

of him has said Man. (H.) 383 ; a maisier of 

dlTine (dat^ R. R. 6490. 
diTiiie, adj., Lot. dlvfnus, cf. O^r. divin, 

devin ; divine, Liiw. tl. p. 9S ; devine 333. 
[diTineo], derinen, v., OJ^r. devlncr, Lat. 

nought goode a sfeping hounde to wake, ne 

yeve a wight a cause to devine CH. Tro. iii. 

715; be wole devine sooDC LANOL.ifxiLi.9S; 

Trxv. I. IS9; IV. 385 ; Daniel of hire un- 

doinge davinsd (pret.) and leide Lancl. 

Jiv. S89. 
divinincs, sb., dtvinatitm, TKEV. 111. 57; 

CK.BOBT.V. 3(157). 
[dinners M s], dwinars M s, ak, a fimaU 

Jiviner: thon wenest ben agretedevineresse 

CH. Tro. v. IJ3S. 
dlTiuitS, sb., OJ^r. divinM ; tUvtnity, t. l. s. 

itvii. 337. 
[divbionr], devlnoiir, sb., O.Fr. devineor ; 

tUviner, WiCL. num. xxii. 5. 
diTiwii,/«« derioeii. 
dlTiai6ii( sb., O.Fr. division ; ^tnsitm, Ch, 

C. T. A 3476; Cow. I. 30; dlvlalounfl {pt.) 

LlDC. II. P. 89 ; devisiouns CH. aSTR. i. 8 (6). 
divoTS, sb., OJFr. divorce, Lai. dlvortium ; 

diverce, Trev. I. 351 ; be ech man war )>al 

be procure no &ls devours WiCL. S. w. 111. 

193 ; divoTBM (pi.) Langl. Ba. 75. 
dO, see AL. 

dobbeii, see dubbaa. doble, see dnble. 
doo, dok, sb., O.N. dockr; tail, Gaw. 191. 
OatikB, sb., OJ?. docce; dock iplofti), Ch. 

Txo. iv. 461 ; som'(e) dokke tour dock, 

'sureHl)e,' rede dokke '>»«/(/)«'. voc 163. 
dooksn, v., dock, cut s)u>rt\ dokkin 'dtcurlo' 

FR. P. 136; docke WlCL. E. W. 430 ; his 

top was docked [dokked] Ch. C. T. A 590. 
dootoor, sb., O.Fr. doctur; doctor, Ca. C. t. 

^411- 
dootaine, sb., O.Fr. doctrine; doctrine, 

Mand. 1'67 ; Cu. astr. PROL. (3). 
dodden, v., shave, clip: yt shulen dodde 

!' allondebitis'\ WiCL. lev. xix. 37 ; doddef) 
ires.) F. s. 193 ; doddld (>>^.) PR. P. 125 ; 
idodded a. R. 433. 
doddungs, sb., shaving, a.r. 14. 
doder, %h.,^M.H.G. toter; dodder (a plant), 
RKL. 1. 37 ; ' cuicuta' VOC (W.W.) 577. 
dool, sb., O.Fr. doel, duel, deul, Jrom Lut. 
(cor-)dolium, cf.prav.Eng. attdSc. doo], dule: 
grief, mourning, Aus. Siai ; Mand. 303; 
deol Lanci, Av.tid (doel Jv.jSe); doel, 
dol.duel, dul, del Will. 564, 781, 1510, 1909, 
3757 ; doel [duil, deol, deil] WiCL. a kings 
xiv.a; duel SPEC. 34; deol Horn (L.) 1048 
R08. 166; dool Degr. 1736. 
daol-ful, adj., doleful, La}. 6901*; dul- 
ddful Gaw. 560, 1517. 



dolour. 

doUUl-UohA, adv., dolejulfy, P. U S. tOxv. 

319. 

ddj, Mvdl^. 
dogerel, adj., doggertl : rim dogeiel CH. C. t. 

£3115. 
d(^t>e, see dnjeSa. 

logge, sb., O.E. docg^t-MJ^u. do^he; d<>g, 

'eanis,' VOC lij; PR.P.ia5; A.R.390; Rob. 

69; Will. 46; Mand. 66; Cu. C.T.£'30i4; 

d(^(gen (pi.) P. & 339; (wr/. hand-, hall*- 

doggs. 
doggid, adj., dogged, P. S. 199; so dogget 

(base) a dede D. TROV 10379. 
doggMd-Uoha, adv., doggedly, Fbr. 1389; 

doggedi (meanfy) had done D. Tkoy 13071. 



dohter, sb., 0£. dohtor,->Oj:.G^. dohtar 
dobtor, dohter, O.Fris. dochler, OJK dottir, 
Goth, dauhtar, OJi.G. tohter, Gr. SvyoT^p ; 
daugiUtr,KATa.74; (Mj.dohhtciT)OKH. 13&; 
dohter, dorter, douter Laj. 143, 3ii, 3018; 
dojter AYEN& 36 ; dogter GEN. & Sx. 1646 ; 
dogbterPR.C3i3o; doghtir£GL.|8; douhter 
IHAC. 8 ; a. R. 54 ; douhter, douther, dowter 
Hay. I30, 35S, 3867 ; douhter, doujter c L. 
301, 347 ; doujter BEK. 33 ; dowter GEM. & 
sx. 1847 ; doughter, doutir, doster pr. p. 139; 
dtqter, doster Horn (L.) 349, 697 ; douter 
AN. LIT. 10; doftir (?dostir) B. Disc 689: 
dotgter (^flT.) Will. 3152; doster {dohter] 
La). 3983 ; bis dohtres ned Sax. chr. 354 ; 
dohtar, dochler, docter (dot.) La^ 3368. 
3373, 34^3 ; douter rel. 1. 184 ; dohter (pi.) 
Lx. xxiii. 38; dobtere, dohtren [dohtres] 
La). 3934, 345°9 i douhtren, doujtren C L. 
389; dohtren (Z dehtren) u.Bf. 19; debtren 
HOU. I. 347; CHR. £. 545; dejter a. p. ii. 
370; dohtres ORU. 6383; douhtres Hav, 
350; dohter, dohtrcnne [dobteme) (geH.pl). 
Vk^. 3689, 3701 ; dohtren (dot. pi.) Lk. i. 5 ; 
La). 3085 ; comp, god-, ateop-dohtar. 
doughter-l«fl, adj.. Cow. III. 305. 

dohti, ite diiht^. 

dok, set doo. doke, see dOka. 

dokst, sb., tfivmAMi frag, elout,Ta9m\.i\3. 

doketVsb., O.Fr. ducat; ducai(acoin); do- 
kettla (pi.) sacr. 315. 

doIi/MdnlaiM^doeL ASi,teeiM\, 

dolo, sb., ulcer, ttaaund', dole sor and blaa 
GEN. & EX. 3037 ; wiVute knotte and doike 
A. R. 3. 

ddle, see dUe. 

dolfin, sb., O.Fr, ? doulphin, cf. Frov. dalfin, 
from Lat. delphlnus; dolphin, DeGR. 1038. 

[doUten P comp. fornloUcen.] 

doUen, see dnllen. 

dolour, sb., OJ^r. dolour, dolur; grief, Utsc 
313; s. s. (Web.) 1270 r Fer. 3175; dolur 
L£C. 73- 



ddnu 



dora 



17X 



ddin» sb.y 0£. ^^m,^OX.G., OJ^ris. ddm, 
O.N. domr, Goth, doms, OJIXj. tuom, nukL 
Eng. doom ; judgment , decUian^ decree; au" 
tharity^ Orm. 1472 ; c L. 491 ; Hat. 2487 ; 
Will. 1220; Wicl. gen. xviii. 19; be dom 
. . • ne lest he nawiht longe HOii. I. 169 ; 
bat rihtne dom us ^ve wolde o. & N 1692 ; 
pen dom Rob. 337; ^e laste dom ayenb. 
74 ; ddmes {gen^ o. & N. 1695 ; ddmes d«l 
La^ 24274 ; domes dai R. s. iv ; d5mes man 
doomsman (judge) A. R. 156; Langl. B xix. 
3c^ ; Trev. IV. 49 ; d6me (dot,) o. & N. 179; 
mid unimete dome heo ferden ut of Rome 
Laj. 9228 ; imong bissen dome daed iwai^^ 
gode king 15064; yt dai of dome PR. C. 1859; 
ddmMi (pL) HOM. I. 103; La^. 7221; yih 
\mt domes derae beon Marh. 8; comp, 
alder-, oriaten-, eorl-, frdo-, hfiSoi*, lUUi-» 
kine-9 li^inff-* martir-, pApe-, riohe-« I'dow-, 
wia-ddm ; deriv. dfimezu 

ddm-hQa» sb., judgment-hcdl : dome-howse 
^pretarium' PR. P. 126. 

ddm-kfite, adj., swift ofjudgnunt^ HOlf. II. 

83. 

ddm-plaoe» sb., place 0/ judgment, ^ forum* : 
he disputide in the sinagoge . . . and ... in 
the chepinge or domplace WiCL. deeds xvii. 
17; XVI. 19. 

ddm-aeotel, sb., 0,E, domsetl ; judgment 
seat, Jul. 55. 

d5m-Btdl, sh,, judgment-seat^ A. R. 306. 

domb, see dumb. 

dominaoioun, sb., Fr. domination; domi- 
nation, Ch. C. t. B 3409. 

domlen, v., he dull or cloudy; domland 
ipple,) PR. c 1443. 

dompen, see dumpen. dompingy see dop- 
ping. don, see dim. 

ddxi» v., 0,E, d6n,—0JLG. don, doan, duan, 
duon, OFris. dua, 0.//,G, tuon ; do, Kath. 
784 ; A. R. 16 ; Mand. 3; )>e sculde )»as erode 
don La^. 1421 ; don on don, put on 1701 ; 
hami don HOM. I. 213; don hire schome 
H. M..17 ; don t(o) understandin Orm. 3067 ; 
don (commit) sunne MISC 72; to de^ don 
(put) chr. £. 908; Alis. 730; he scholde 
... in strong warde him do (put) Bek. 379 
do (commit )>eof|>e 396; schame do 1488 
he ssel do a wai be brondes ayenb. 265 , 
do bote Will. 1378; shal do (make) \t, neat 
drede Langl. ^xx. 153; ^ sdiule of ao 
her clo|>es Trev. IV. i ; to donne Katu. 
2201 ; A. R. 6 ; Orm. 2949 ; what him weore 
to donne [donde] La). 4769 ; to done BEK. 
248 ; i have to done Jos. 161 ; what is best 
to done Qvi, C. T. A $$441 to donde MISC 
193; dd (pres.) A. R. 200; ich do \t wel to 
witene La^ 3163; dest La^ '3^54) Kath. 
754; A. R. 124; SPEC. 104; Shor. 96; 
AYENB. 129 ; )at fruit ^t )k>u dest here LEG. 
6 ; dest, dost o. & N. 40, 237, 321 ; dost Orm. 
5258 ; deV A. R. 174 ; de^ HOM. XL 27 ; FRAa 



7; p. L. s. viii. 11; Rob. 321; aybnb. 5; 




dei bene we do% hom. I. 9 ; we do% sunne 55 ; 
je ao% La^. 1434; heo do% A. R. 328; gret 
harm heo me do]^ c L. 896 ; ne do )m )»eof¥e 
HOM. I. 13 ; do sei me Jul. 41 ; do nim ^ 
wreche R. s. ii. (misc. 162) ; do of ¥in son 
GEN. & EX. 2781 ; don («do on) bin helm 
FER.460; dof(Bdoof)WiLL.2343; ao(make) 
me love ^t so spec 71 ; do out all ^^tes 
AYENB. 210 ; do a wei )n mamnetes JOS. 102 ; 
do me sikernesse |>er to 623 '^ qvoth Ubbe 
doth him swij»e fete Hay. 2037 ; )>at idi do 
ham wui^schipe Kath. 506 ; ddende (ppie,) 
Mat. xxiv. 46; doinde ayenb. 194; dade 
(pret,) A. R. 102 ; O. & N. 1637 ; Bek. 1050; 
he dude him on be wei P. L. S. xiL 119; 
he dude to dethe Will. 3427; dude heom 
to understonde Misc 86; dude [dedel La]. 
431; dude rdide] Kath. 1552; aide [dedej 
Ch. C. t. a 2262 ; dede ayenb. 78 ; IsUM. 
67; dede mankinde bote gen. & EX. 24; 
god dede (caused) ¥at he on swevene cam 
224 ; alle be Englis dede he swere Hay. 254 ; 
he . . . dede him on gate Will. 11 19 ; dudest 
A. R. 306 ; deodest [dudest] La^. 2294 ; duden 
A. R. 330; and duden hine 1 benden (r. bende) 
La). 3101 1 ; duden of da¥es 16759 ; heore 
brugge heo duden a dun 19242; diden 
Orm. 429 ; and hi swa diden Sax. chr. 250 ; 
^i diden dedli sinne Langl. ^xiv. yZ\ he 
deden hem binden gen. & ex. 2103 ; we ^in 
heste dude forleten H. H. 169 (171); d6n 
(pple.) Orm. 237 ; K. T. 813 ; he ben don ut 
ciparadis GEN. & ex. 381 ; don [doon] Ch. C. 
T. A 2092 ; comp, bi-, for-, ^e-, td-, iin-dAn ; 
deriv, dAde. 

[d5ere, sb., doer; comp. g5d-« mia-» uvel- 
ddere.] 

d5ixige» sb., doing. Trey. I. 27. 

donat, sb., Lat. Donatus ; a grammar; ele- 
mentary book of instruction : Donat and 
Dindimus Gow. II. 90; PR. P. 126; donet 
s. s. (Web.) 179 ; Langl. B v. 209. 

donge, see dunge. 

dongeon, dox^onn, sb., O.Fr. dongon, don- 
jon ; dungeon, Ch. C. T. A 1057 ; dungun, 
dongeon LANGL. A prol. 15, BvKOl^ 15; 
dongoun Fer. 2301 ; A. P. ii. 1224. 

doxiken, v., moisten \ doxi]Le)> (pres.) spec 
44; donkande (pple,) Gaw S19; donkit 
(pret.) D. Troy 9639. 

donkinge, sb., moisture, D. Arth. 3249. 

doppar, sb. ; ^ doupar; didapper, *mer- 

gufus,* PR. P. 127. 
doppe» sb., tO,E, (dufe-)doppa ; t sea gull, 

Alis. 5776 ; comp, ddve-doppe. 

doppingy sb.. the dabchick ; doppinges (t/. r. 
dompinges) (pL) Langl. Cxiv. 169. 

doro, !»/ dearo. 



17^ 



dord. 



donine. 



dordy sb^ twhy : dordufl (pi.) * serum ' voc 

dore, sb^ O.E. don, l^Du. tor ; dor {beetU) ; 
donen (//.) Ar. & lifKR. 6428. 

dcMre, i*^ dure. 

Dockoestrey sb., 0.E, Dorca ceaster; 2\v^ 
ck€ster^ p. L. s. xiii. 56 ; Dorchestre RoB. 2. 

Boroheet^e^Hem, sb., pL, inhabitants of 
D&nkester^ La). 29615. 

dorloti 8b.y OJ^r. dorelot, dorlot; omametU 
far a woman^s dress ; dorlott ' trica^ caUen- 
drum* PR. P. 127 ; vair doriiot aysnb. 177. 

domianty adj., fixed \ his table donnant in 
his haUe alway stood redi covered al the 
kmg dai Ch. C. t,.A 353 ; table dormotmte 
Haluw. 311. 

doirmoasy sb., dormouse, ^glisi voc. 220; 
PR. P. 127. 

domen, v., deceive \ ytx husbondes ^ei wil 
so dome s. & c II. Ivii. 

Doradte, pr. n., 0.E, Dorsaete; Don&tan, 
Dorsaetum (dat,)\ Dorset ^ LA3. 21014; o. & N. 

1753. 
dortour, sb.y 0,Fr, dortoir; dormitory, PL. 

CR. 211 ; Ch. C. t. D 1855. 

dOflO, see duto. 

doaeper, sb., OJ*'r, douze pairs (//.) ; oneoftfu 
twelve peers; champion : ferst they sent out 
a doseper in blake armes OCTOV. (W.) 949 ; 
RiCHD. 9; inne Franse weren italde twelfe 
Iferan, \t Freinsce heo cleopeden dune pers 
(//.) (sec, text dosseperes) LA3. 1623 ; dosse 
pers of France Rob. 188 ; dotepers Haluw. 
315; duze pers Man. (H.) 81; duseperis 
AMT. Ar. 22; D. Arth. 66; dusseperez 
2029. 

dosily sb., 0,Fr. dosil, dousil, dusil; spigot, 
faucet \ dosiile VOC 108 ; dosele [doseil] & S. 
(Web.) 1 1 50; doails (pi) Rob. 542. 

doflser, sb., Fr, dossier; pannier, basket', 
docer, dorccr PR. p. 125, 127; doser Gaw. 
478; dosaem (pi,) Ch. h. f. 1940. 

dotftge» sb., dotage, Ch. C. T. A 3898 ; A. P. 
ii. 1425. 

dotaid, sb., dotard, Ch. C. t. /? 331 ; do- 
tardea (//.) pl. cr. 825. 

d6tey adj., doting, foolish, REL. 1. 184 ; Trist. 
1912; Bev. 217 ; doote York xxxv. 5. 

dotel, sb.yB dotard: ^nne ^ dotel on dece 
drank )>at he mijt A. P. ii. 1517. 

dotereUt v., ? -= totiren ; totter \ dotur AV. 
Arth. xvi; ^ due dotered (pret) to )>e 
ground Degr. i 109. 

ddtien, w,,^M,Du, doten 0,Fr, (re-)doter; 
dote; dotie La3.«3294; doton *deliro, de- 
sifio' PR. P. 128; doten [dote] Ch. C. t. 
tf 983 ; dote LUD. Cov. 98 ; av. Arth. xvi ; 
ddtaat (pres,) Langl. Au 129; dotes tu 
Kath. 2111 ; he dotes PR. c 785 ; ^i dote)> 
Trsv. IV. 403; d6tie (subj) A. R. 224; he 



dared as d6ted (ppU.) man Will. 4055; 
doted and dased L. H. R. 216; comp. %- 

d6ti61L 

dottip61,sb.,^dedd8naiM/p61; haldheadi 
^, dotdpols, with yoore bodkes TowNU 145. 

6d%ifSee6Jfy 

douAire, sb., OJ^r. doaire; dower, QVL C. T. 

E 848 ; dowarie £. C. 361 ; dowere Trkv. 

IV. 73 ; dower WiCL. EX. xxiL 16. 
doooOy adj., OJ^r. dols, doux, Lat. dukis; 

sweet I he drawes into dowce Fnuxnce D. 

Arth. 1251. 
douoen, v., from douoe ; sweeten ; dowce 

L. & c. 7 ; PR. P. 129. 
doaeet, adj., 0,Fr, doacet; sweet i doooet 

drinkes Haluw. 313; dowcet mete ^dul" 

uum* PR. p. 128. 
doaoette« sb., a sweet pie or custard; dou- 

oettes ipi,) B. B. 60 ; dowceCes 148. 
doucette% sb., a musical instrument : to pipe 

both in doucet and in riede Ch. h. f. 122a 

donde, sb., slut, Man. (F.) 11255 ; if she be 
never so foule a dowde Townl. 312. 

douen, v., O.Fr. doner, doer ; endow ; dowe 
WiCL. EX. xxiL 16; dowe [douwe] Langl 
Civ. 322 ; daed (pret) PL. CR. 1528. 

dowlnge. sb., endowment, WiCL. s. w« III. 
171 ; Trev. III. 37. 

doubter, douhter, see dohter. 

dou^ douhtiy see duhtii. 

douken, see dIULeiL 

doul, see duveL 

doun, see dfkxL 

dounen, v., fOJ^. deyna; smell: swet to 
downen (ms, dowwnenn) Orm. 6745. 

doupar, sb. ; cf doppar and dopping ; the 
dabchick : dowpar, brid {dooper, H.] ^ mergus ' 
PR. P. 129. 

douren* \,,^L,Ger. duren, MJI.G, turen; 
t grieve; doured (pret.) A. P. iii. 372. 

douse, ^h,,*^fM.Du, duise (concubina) ; har- 
lot, SPEC III ; dowse Townl. 104. 

doufiour, sb., 0,Fr. dul9or, dou9or; sweet- 
ness : now for sin^lerti o hir dousour we call 
her fenix of Arrabi A. P. i. 429. 

douflt, see duet, doute, see dtite. 

douvOi see dflve. 

douyre, sb., OJ*'r. douvre (fossi, canal); 
rabbit-warren; douwere *cum'culus* PR. P. 
128. 

Ddvere, pr. n., / 0,E, Dofere (dat, Doferan) ; 

Dover, Hav. 139; Man. (F.) 4335 ; Dovcre, 

Dovre Laj. 7415, 8583. 
dowen* see douen and du^en. 
dowrie, sb.,Bdouaire; dowry \ disherite & 

deprive dowrie of widoes A. P. ii. 185 ; Man. 

(H.) 151 ; doure PR. P. 128. 

doseine, sb., OJ^r. dozaine; douen, Langl. 
B iv. 37 ; Ch. C. t. A 578. 



drabelen. 

drabelon, sit dMvalan. 

drcd, sb., drtad, Inror; dred, dnde a. R. 
6, 364 ; 1 ym castle wei mncbd died [drede] 
Lu. 1683; heo befden mucbele drede 
vM; be badde of water died GKN. & BX. 
660; drede HOH. II. 71; Misc 193; Hay. 

83S; Roa 337; AYBNB. 33; LANGL. Bxv\. 

85; Ch. C. t. £680; Rich. 5515; PR. c. 

$363 ; bwone bit is aire tnest on diede O. & k. 

684; drade Alis. 5740- 
drid-ftil, adj., drtadfid, a. R. 301; C. l. 

454 ; H. ». 300 (303) ; dredvol ayenb. 14. 
drfidflil-U, &dv., drtadfuUy, Lancl. B 

xvii. 63. 
diCd-UB,adj.,ifrAMV>M,GAW.3334; FL-CR. 

534- 
drfid-IIeh, adj., terriblt, A.-R. 58; drUllohe 

{adv.) HOH. I. 14. 
drtdnwM, sb., terror, Hou. I. 335; JUL. 

69. 
drieden, v., O.E. dreden, fan-)dr£dan {prti. 

drtd),-0X.f7. (and-)dradan (pret. AikS\, O. 

H.G. (in-)tiatan ( rfrrt.triat, tiiei) ; dread,ORH. 

1318, 5907; dredeo HOU. L21 ; La). 31164; 

A. R. 136; drede Gow. I. 344; Lasgi^Bxx. 

153; K.T.439;dr6dMit(/rM.)]UL.34;drede^ 

Oru. 6179; P. 47; d»t uisc 95; av&nb. 

36 ; (bi) drede^ ayknb. 74 ; ne dred ^ noujt 

LBC. 81 i ne drede je ow nawiht KatH. 1403; 

dxMda (firtt.) Orm. 19965 ; GEK. & EX. 767; 

Shor. 49 { diadde Bek. 137 ; Gow. I. 341 ; 

eotitp. an-, ftv-, of-drBden. 
drMunfc, sb., drtadit^, Orm. 5603. 
drndl, adj., timid; diedi Cen. & EX. 873 ; 

WiCL. JUDG. vii. 3 ; L. H. R. 14a 
dnefen, v., O.E. dTx&n,-=(7.iV. dreifa, Goth. 

dralbjan, O.H.G. treiben, Dorset dial, drevr ■ 

from driftn; drive; dxivad (fret.) A. P. 

979 ; ccmp. a-, tA-drMlBn. 
drsBin, see drtam. 
draf, sb., c/. M.L.G., M.Dv., Swed. draf, 

m. K. O.H.G. pi. treber; draff, dregs, 'se- 

C'tterium,' YOC. 333; iM. 39356; draffe 
INGL-Jx. 11; drafCH.C.T. /35; fetdraf 
AVENB. 93; drof GEH. & EX. 3S8a; - — ' 
win-dra£ 

dnf-«ak, sb., sad of dregs, CH. C. T. A 
4306. 
dPftf, lb., OiE. A^,-'M.H.G. treip; froi 
driftm; drove, driving: ithileda1¥ls werldes 
drof GEN. & EX. t03 ; wib duntes drof him al 
todraf L. H. R. 141; drSve {dot.) WtCL. 
GEN. xviii. 7 ; drove ^ bestis Will. 181. 
draft, sb.,=drAf ; dregs, WiCL. PS. xxxix. 3. 
dn^, stem of ATKiaa, v. 
dTaw(e)-brfisga, sb., drawbridge, ALIS. 
1305 ; diawebrigge D. Arth. 3474. 
dragd, draggS, sb., O.Fr. dragee; meilin, 
mixed com, 'mixtilio,' PR. P. 130; dragge 
^dragetum' {f comfit, sweetmeat) YOC 178; 



dragonn. 173 

fdraggta {fl.) t medicated sweetmeats, Ch. 
C.T. A 436 \6-iexi has drogges ; see dross*], 
drajen, y., O.E. dragan, » O.L.C., Goth. 
drogan, OJ^. draga, OJ^ris. dmga, drega, 
m1.G. dragen, dregen, OJi.G. tragan ; 
draw, carry, La]. IO530; for to dn^n bine 
ut of ^isse wutte uou. I. 47 ; dragen uou. 
II. 39; GEN. & EX. 3378 ; dr^en AnGL. I. 
9; nile i noht dn^en upon me . . . ^t 
nuht Oru. 18406; drahen, draien, dre- 
ben, dreien Kath. 33, 1193, 3337; dreaien, 
dicien, diahen KOK. I. 3$; ; diaje ayenb. 
13 ; to Khupe we mote draje Horn (L.) 
1430; draie TowML. 106; drabe, diawe 
O. &. N. 1375 ; drawen A. R. 160; drawe P. S. 
153; Ch. C.T. .^ 1416; WiCL. John lY. 7 ; 
drawe bis her p. L. s. xix. 366 ; QYcber i wit 
liht and lawe mai him wit me til oelle drawe 
H. H. 56; ixvjfi ifres.) o. & N. 970; (hi) 
drage)), ^ge^ misc. iJo, 151; swa dreieV 
his erme saule in eche pme hom. 1. 37 ; drah 
(imper.) HOH. II. 149; drSh {pret.) MARK. 
3 ; Orh. 769; ^s due ... to pare aae him 
droh La). 93 ; droh (was obedient) to bis 
ncde 9537 ; puipre and pal he droh REL. 1. 
119; ({n» Fl. & Bi. 683 ; GAW.1188; o^r 
folk {rider dn^ Rob. 41 ; drag, drug GEN. & 
EX. 1746, 3717; drogb PR. c. 3349; 1si;h. 
364; AUAD. (R.) ixvi; drogh [drou), drou] 
LANGL-i^xiv. 106; droj, droi^ drou, dreuj 
WicL. EX. iv. 7, JUDG. V. 31, Is. X. 13 ; dronh 
A. R. I03 ; he droub bine a bak Hisc. 43 ; 
diouj ... his swerd MarC. 309 ; to falshede 



316; hu ^u dea% drohe Kath. 3467 ; \m . 
drowe me to ^ FRAG. 8; dnnen LJ^. S18; 
Gaw. 1463; dnqhen Oru. 8704; drohen 
Kath. 3155; drowen a. r. 110; drowen 
LANCL.^xi.330; }>emiiustris. .. |)at drowen 
J>e water WiCL. John ii. 9 ; dr^an ipple.) 
Oru. 7413; ut of latin ¥^is song is dragen 
GEN. & EX. 13 ; drain Trist. 706 ; drauhen 
Man. (H.) 1S3 ; drawen Hay. 1935 ; Mand. 
40; ^ for ^is bukes on Ingles drawen PR. C 
336 ; comp. a-, je-, tA-, wtQ-drajen. 
drawere, sb., drawer, WiCL. S. W. I. 193. 
drawins*, sb., drawing, ?. l. S. xxi. 133. 

dTafise,M«drag& 

draggin, v., cf. Swed. dragga ; drag, PR. P. 130. 

dragnw, >b., O.Fr. drame, dragme,/rom Lot. 
drachma, Gr. ipaxuri ; dram (weight, measure, 
coin), WiCL. Lk, kv. 8 ; drame PR. P. 
130; three hundrid dragmM (//.) of silYer 
WICL.3 MacIv. 19. 

dragonoe, sb.. Lot. dracontium ; serpentine 
{herb), REL. I. 301; dragaunce PR. P. 130; 
dragauns yoc 356 ; draga^s Halliw. 315. 

dragoDSt, sb., ^om drasotm ; a young dra' 
gen ; that signifieth the dragonet Alis. 603. 

dragotm, sb., O.Fr. dragon; dragon, Marg, 
15S ; dragun CEN. & EX. 3934 



174 



draji'e. 



dn^pOf sb., ?Bdraht» ayenb. 351. 

drahexiy see dra^en. 

drahty sh.y^M.H.G. dracht/, O.N. drUttr m.; 
from dn^n ; drauf^kt, pull; load\ current 
of air \ drinke^adraht HOM. II. 199; to be is 
id mi draucht 256 ; agen he maden here oiagt 
GEN. & EX. 3745 ; draght [dra^t] C. M. 21260 ; 
i wold^ have drawe the same draught (mcrue 
in chess) Ch. d. Bl. 682 ; a draught [drauht, 
drau^t] of win C. T. A 396 ; draut (i»j. drawte 
PR. P. 131 ; a ]>an vprme drahte swi^e 
monie he ilahte La^ 29259; drahte* (pi! 
P. s. 153 ; drau^tes as me drawe|> in poudre 
P. L. S. xvii. 225 ; drawe draghtes and (here) 
berjienes Halliw. 315. 

drauht-brigge» sb., draw-bridge, Man. 
(H.) 183; drautbrigge PR. P. 131; drs^- 
brigge Fer. 1113. 

draut-weUOy sb., draw-well^ PR. P. 131. 
draiy see derai. 

drdke, sb., O.E, draca, from Lot, draco ; 

dragon, Orm. 1843 ; R. s. v ; GEN. & EX. 283 ; 

K. T. 408 ; M. Arth. 2607 ; drtten (gen,) 

La^. 17876; be drake heaved A. R. 246; 

dr&ken (//.) La^ 15935 ; see dragoun. 
drtte*, sh,,^ L.G. drake, MJL,G, antdrake, 

O.H,G. antrache ; drake, Hav. 1241 ; Ch. C. 

T. ^3576; drttiM {pi,) SPEC 44; camp, 

■ehel-drAko. 
drAne, sb., 0,E, dran, draen, r^ OJLG, *dran 

(pL drani), NJ..G. drone yC, O.H.G, treno m.j 

arone, ^frcus^ PR. P. 130; voc 177; LiDG. 

M. P. 154; Im drane Sax. chr. 256; dro(ne) 

FRAG. 3 ; drtoea (//.) PL. CR. 726. 
drtper, sb., OJF'r. drapier; draper^ Langl. 

Cvii. 250. 
draperie, sb., 0,Fr, draperie ; drapery, rel. 

II. 175 ; (p. L. s. xxxiv. 11). 

drappen, v.,«droppen; drop, sink: neigh 
to dcde we gan drappe Ocrov. (W.) 567. 

draste, drasti, see dreate, dreatL 

drati^ty drauhty see draht. 

drauk, sb., « MJ>u, dravick ; weed^ nzanium^ 
voc. 265; PR. P. 130; REU II. 80; drauc 
{prinled dranc) M. H. 152. 

dravelen, v.,^L,G. drabehi; drivel, slaver, 
talk foolishly \ \€i don but dravele \cc on 
Langl. Axi, 11 ; [drevele, drivele ^x. 11] ; 
drinken and' drivelen [dravelen] ^ x. 41 (W. 
5683); drabelin PR. P. 129; draveled (^/.) 
Gaw. 1750; draveled {pple.) p. 55; camp. 
bi-dravelen. 

drawebriigge, see under dra^-. 

drawen, see driven. 

drdam, sb., 0,E, dream {song, delighi),^ 
0,L,G. drom {dream, feasting), OJ^ris. dram, 
0.N, draumr, 0,H,G, traum, troum {dretvn), 
mod,Eng. dream; sound, music; dream, 
Kath. 1498; A. R. 210; bu iherdest )«ne 
dream FRAG. 7 ; enelene aream H. M. 19; 
dream, draem, drera La^ ioio, 14286, 24554 ; 



drfij. 

draem Orm. 923; drem Bev. 1359; ALf^' 
(Sk.) 781 ; Al. (T.) 487 ; )>e bemene drem 
HOM. II. 1 15 ; be drem ... of harpe and pipe 
o. & n. 21 ; belles (? belle) drem rel. 1. 223 ; 
dreem spec 7; drem dream gen. & EX. 
2095 ; Hav. 1284 ; Gow. I. 24 ; PR. c 8076 ; 
mid te dredful dreame of )>e englene bemen 
A. R. 214 ; mid fuUe dreme o. & N. 314 ; 
drftmea \pl^ frag. 7; dr^men {dat, pL) La^ 
22876 ; comp, beIle-» gl5o-» maa-drtem. 

drfim-xMere, sb., interpreter of dreams, 
Trev. III. 143 ; dreemreder WiCU GEN. xl. 

33- 
dreoohe, sb., f delay*, dreche Halliw. 317; 
drechch(e) Gaw. 1972. 

dreoohen, v., 0,E, dreccan, « M,H, G, trecken ; 
{t draw), harass, delay; drechen GEN. & 
EX. 1420; drecche Fer. 1997; Gow. II. 5; 
Ch. Tro. ii. 1264 ; p. r. l. P. 85 ; ac Sathanas 
)ie frecche be saule wule drecche {afflict) MISC 
jy, dreooiie)>[^frj.) SPEC 113; PL.CR.504; 
wiles he drecched {tarries) ^ore REL. I. 211 
fMisc 4) ; (ha) drecche^ HOM. 1. 251 ; dreodhe 
(subj,) R. s. ii (misc 162) ; if it so betide bis 
night bat )>e in slepe dreche ani wight iw. 
a8o ; dreoehaad {fple,) PS. cviii. 10 ; draihte 
(pret,) Alis.* (Sk.) 752 ; comp, ^e-dreoohen. 

dreodhunge, sb., harassing, delay, H. M. 7 ; 
drecchinge Fer. 493; Gow. 218. 

drdd, drdden, drddi, see drM, drMen, 
drftdt 

dPfif, sb. {foraAy.),^O.H,G. truobi ; f trouble', 
for^OJI.G, truobi; painful; idolatrie ut- 
wrogte hem sorges dref gen. & ex. 4144. 

drif-ftd, adj., sorrowful', drefiil and ble% 
GEN. & EX. 259a 

dr§flkil*li9 adv., sorrowfully, Haluw. 317. 

drdfeiiy v., 0.E, dTtbLn,^0./f.G, truoben, 
Goth, drobjan ; from dr6f ; trouble, disturb ; 
dreven hom. II. 195 ; ic and Eve sulen alle 
^h)is blisse dreve GEN. & EX. 318; drdve9 
(pres.) REL. 1. 220 ; drSfed {pple.) Orm. 147 ; 
comp, fbr-, ^e-drfifen. 

dregy sb., 0,N, drtgg f,,^Swed, dragg^M. ; 
dregs, PS. xxxuc. 3 ; dreggoa {pi.) voc 198 ; 
Langl. ^xix. 397 ; dreggis PR. P. 131. 

dr^t adj., OJV. driugr, prov,Eng, dree ; 

from dr§ojen ; long; tedious; patient, Gaw. 
1750; dri^ 724; drei, drei^, drih HOM. II. 
49, 256, 258 ; his moaer leof and dri^ LEG. 
38 ; bi a river brode and dreghe Halliw. 
317; on drSghe, at a distance, D. Arth. 
786 ; drogh him o dreghe ant. Arth. xliv ; 
a drej A. P. ii. 71 ; a dreigh [drei] Man. (F.) 
1042, 6048 ; on drije Gaw. 1031 ; whi draghes 
)k)u on dregh why dost thou delay D. Troy 
1 1647; a drigh Gow. II. 46; derfe dintes 
and drft^ {pL) Alex. 2091 ; ^ sinnez dri^ 
A. p. i. 822 ; ^u lovest Tristrem dreije {adv^ 
Trist. 3035 ; comp, un-dre^. 

dr^-liy adv., -tOJy^ driugliga; at great 



drfi}. 

J^r6L tediMuh, Gat. 1036; di^, drijli 
A. p. 'a. 74, 476; drelt ToWNl. 90; dregbli 
D. Troy as?;!. 

dzfi)», tM drfi^fl. 

dr^, sb^ /m/fA : alle the dreghe of the dale 
D. ^TH. 3915; dre^ of the deHce night 
D. Troy 6?8. 

dr0]en,TM drt^en. 

dreggl, adj.,— ^wn^ irUggigi from dreg; 
dr*ggy, '/aecuUtUut,' PR. P. 131. 

drelisn, j<? dmjm. 

dT«ie,sb.,f—S'tE'A/.drOg{AuA<i);d>^; dreie 
{'r>l«&t'jTREV. III. 14$. 

dr*i«li, tee AxKfKO. drfim, jw drflun. 

dreight, ib.,,A>"* drfl], adj., length : the dai 
of \c dieight {the longeti day) drivin uppo 
long D. Troy 10633. 

drAmels, sb., dream, Lancl. A viii. 1 38. 

drtaksn, v., O.E. drSman, dryaun {be joyful), 
V O.N. (^eyma, O.H.G. troumen (dream), 
mcd.Eng. dream; frvm'dx^K^ ; sound, re- 
sound, stag aloud; dream; heogunnen dremen 
La^ 13580; harpen gunnen dremen 3z£S5 ; 
dremen {dream) CBK. St BX. 3067 ; drdme 
(fres.) Gow. 1, 381 ; murie dreAmeV engles 
ROM. I. 191 ; }>et oi*er beoden . . . dreamen 
wel ine drihtenes earen a. R. 430; a selkuth 
drem drtinda {fret.) me nou Hav. 13S4; 
him drempte gen. & ex. 1941 ; ^nes )>er 
diemden La). 11575- 
dram«xa, ab., O.E. difmerc {mtii{dan),= 
OJI.G. troumSii {dreamer) ; dreamer, WiCL. 
GEM. xxxvii. 19; dremare 'jommator' px.f. 
131 ; dremerC U. 4111. 
drtmlngfl^ sb., dreaming, 'somim'ano,' 
PR. P. 131 ; to hir he tokle of his dremeing 
S. S. (Web.) 3089. 

drenoh, sb, O.E. drenc, rf. OJ~G. dranc, O. 
H.G. tnmch m., Goth, dragk »., mcd.Eng. 
drench \Jrom drlnken ; drink, potion, r. s. i ; 
drench, dncnc Lm. 10334, I1S0S4; drench, 
drencbc ROB. 68, 69; droiioha {dot.) misc. 
83; Horn (H.) 1199; drendhea (^<»i.) Laj. 
197SS ; draaoha {gen.pl.) Laj. 19759. 

drWltthim, v., O.E. drencan {pret. drenctc), 
OSris, drenka, O.N. drekkja, O.H.G. ucn- 
chen, Golh. diagkjan, mod.Eng. drench : 
drown, plunge in -water, Laj. 1507 ; Hav. 
583 ; ich wille me drenchen in ^ wclle s. s. 
(Wd)0 1464; i schal dienchen in t>e depe 
Cm. C. t. .5455; drenche o. & n. 1205; 
ljUfGL. B viii. so ; Gow. HI. 395 ; heo !ei 
. , , drenche bobetwo Rob. 37 ; i schaJ drenche 
min arewis in blood ['ineiriaic sagi/tas mtai 
«a»$w'm '] WlCX. DEVT. xxxii. 43 ; to'drench- 
enc^HOU. II. 39;dniigta(f)^/.)Li^, iziii; 
dreinte P. 3. 317 ; MAN. (F.) 300S ; drelnt 
{pple.) Rob. 53; Gow.III.io; idreint Ck. 
C, T, A 3530 ; comp. a-, for-draiohen. 
dranohlng, sb., drowning, Trev. 111. 395 ; 
WICL.S.W. III. 158. 



drdorfy 



175 

dTMig, sb., O.E. .dreng, ffrom O.N. drenp ; 
warrior, man {maltfirton), Hav. 31 ; drmg 
La}. 1S713; c If . 15414; drinsam (dat.pL) 
Li^. 13933; comp. iMTai-drins. 

drdnieUfV., O.i^.drehnian,— ^.MC-trehenen 
{from trahen t^t^, tear) \ jtratn out : ^ 
drtalaC J/m.) ^anne {r. ^ane) gnct a wcig 
Mat. xxiii. 34. 

drenUen, JM drlnklso. 

drfic^n, v., O.E. drEogan {accomplish, carry 
through, suffer) cf. OJ-G. (bi-)dri(^[an {de- 
ceive), Goth, driagan {atpartinaBm), O.H.G. 
ttiugan {deceive); endure j carry through to 
tht end, accomplish, f. L. S. viii. 145 ; dneaen 
AiirGl.1.34; dregencEN.&EX. 513; dre^nen 
ccbe {une Oru. 1505; dreiien, drizn frag. 
6, 8 ; drehen Kath. 636 ; dea% drehen Jut. 
7 ; pine to bolie ant dre;e SFSa 63 ; )iat ^ou 
nemistbisforeward boldenedre]eio5 ; dreye 
Horn (R.) 1047 (H. 1076); drei h. H. 59; 
dree Isuu. 379; drijen, drien [drejen] Li^. 
370, 633J ; .drighe, dref;he PR. c, 3044, 3335 ; 
dri]e Gaw. 560 ; A. P. li. 373 ; drien a. r. 80 ; 
drie Marc. 34; WiLi- 459; R. k. 7484; K. 
T. 335 ; he smot as faste as he might drie 
Halliw. 318; penance for to drie F. 37; 
drie {pres.) HiCKES I. 33S; DECK. 560; 
drihV A. R. 356 ; )>a sunAiUe monne pe drejcK 
{perform) a heore uvele werkes hom. I. 33 ; 
tat man iiis licamcs lust drige {salisfr) uou. 
U. 31 ; dreg {pret.) gen. & ex. 439 ; die; 
Al. (T.) 337 ; J* sorewe j>at he dre) {Tfrinted 
dre|:h) s. s. (U'eb.) 3660; dreih a. r. 136; 
dreiah, diei Will. 3796, 3864; al ^t ha 
druhen [drehden] Kath.638; dr6gen {pple.) 
GEK. & EX. 3403; comp. A; jo-drS^eo ; 
deriv. drfiita. 

drfiopen, v., O.E. dTeopan,—OX.G. driopan, 
O.Fris. driapa, O.N. inap&, O.H.G. triulan ; 
drip: drepe lud. Cov. 170; dreoplth Orrj.) 
LiDG. H. P. 161 ; deriv, dropo, drlppo. 

dreori), drSrij, adj., O.E, drEorig,— OJt.G. 
trureg ; from drftoaan ; dreary, sad, Orh. 
4753, 48^8; dreori ^moesius' frag. 4; rel. 
I. 178; ich am di«ori Marh. 15; dreori ^tqt 
Bek. 1373 ; dreori fustes A. R. 106 ; of dreori 
mod(e) SPEC. 70; dreri Kath. 3049; Ch. C. 
T.£5i4; PR.C791; ISUH.135; av.Artm. 
Uvi ; dreri, dnin Wid- 3 Esdk. ii. 3 ; heo 
weoren ... an heorte druri fdreri] Laj. 14547 i 
druri Em. 808 ; a. P. i. 333 ; drArler {comp!) 
WiCL. GEN. xL 7. 
drirl-hftd, s\>.,~-O.H.G. trflregheit; dreori' 
ntss, sadness, gen. & Ex. 1133. 
drAori*, drSrl-Uohe. adv., drearily, KaTH. 
1898, 3316 ; dreriliche leg. 173. 
drerij-mfid, adj., O.E. drEorigmSd; sad- 
minded, Orm. 6541 ; drerimod an. lit. 6 ; 
Ancl. IV. 199; drurimod Fer. 1103. 
dzfioilnswe, sb., O.E. drterigness ; dreari- 
ness; drerinesse [' Msti/ia'} WiCL. ecclus. 



n6 



drfioson. 



[drSoeen, v., O.E. dreosan,- O.L.G. driosan, 



drriv. is^foi^^ 
drepen, v^ (7.f. drepan,— aAC dnpa, O.ff. 

G. trefitn; sMke, beat, HOU. I. sSj; Hav. 

1865; drepe D. Troy 9854 ; dnpsS (j)^;/.) 

KEL. I. 331 ; drepei A. 7. ii. 346 ; drap \prtll) 

Map 343; drop Hav. 3239; drapen Sax. 

CHR. 3£3 ; drape PS. xciti, 6 ; drfips {iiUg.) 

Hav. 506 ; drtqmn ipple.) C£N. St. ex. 3648. 
dx9SfiXkf[,9h.,sm£iing, killing: berwasawilk 

dreping of >e folk Hav. 3684. 
drfipen, v., O.E. drypan, — O.N. dreypa, 

M.H.G. troufen, IrOufen; btsprinkU\ heom 

me drfipe^ (j^».) mid )ie picbc MISC. 151 ; 

and dies wheie hem dripe {fmper^ Pall. ii. 

377. 
drfipen, set drtopen. drdri, set drfior^, 
dTfiried,ad|., AvwdrAorlj; saddened,wretck- 

edi alle dai oreried i in went PS. vxxvii. 7. 



prepare, eqtap; aress; direct one's course, 
go ; Ch. C. t. a 3468 ; drsningB (M/c.) 
■J. — . ., (^„^y p 



WICL. NUM. 

Arth. 786 ; droMed (j)^.) A. P. liT 93. 

ilrrwlngn. sb., mod-Eng. dressing ; meJdng 
straight, Erecting, prtparing, ' ^'recite,' PR. 
P. 131 ; dMuiagia (pi.) WiCL. PS. xcviil 4. 

dreflaoTir,sb.,0.^r.drecoir, drechoir; dresser, 
toil* for preparing food; dressure '<*•«- 
sorium' PR. P. 131 ; cu«ssore L. c. c. 3a 

dreste, sb., O.E. drestan, derstao, dxrstan,= 
O.H.G. trestir; dregs, dross, I'/aex'] WiCL. 
PS. Ixxiv. 9; dersten 'amurca' prac. 4; 
drestis PR. p. 131; diastis '/aeces' voc 
178. 

dresti, z&\.,fiiUef dregs, '/atcuUnlus,' VR. P. 
131 ; )>i d^d [danti] speche Ch. C. t. B 
3113. 

drerbleut tee dravden. 

drfiren, see drAfta and dcefto. 

d:ri, sb., O.E. dry ; witard, ' magus,' fRAC. 3. 
d^-OTsft, sb., O.E. dry-, drSocrxft ; magi- 
eat art, Orh. 16053. 
dri^nuui, sb., 0£. dryman; magician, 
Orm. 16051. 

drle, see dru^ 

dzien, see dreojsn aruf drf^en. 

dnfea, v., O.E. iri{in,-=O.N. drifa, O./ViV. 
drfva, Goii. dreiban, O.H.G. triban ; drive, 
Orm. 16983; drive CH.TRO.V. 1179; gomen 
. . . driuen La}. 34706; ich isEch ^ u)>en i 
bere sx driven 38073 ; (^"fe m. U. 31 ; drive 
Bek. 197 ; toward ^ halle be gan drive S. S. 
(Web.) 967 ; drivMt {pres.) a. r. 330 ; swa 
hund }>ene heoit driveS Laj. 36763 ; )iat te 
deovel . . . drivcS ow to donne JUL. 36 ; drifb 
AVEN& 75 ; bi drive)> ibid.; bco t« drivef>[ 105. 



dfUiten. 

heonne O. & N. 66 ; ^a )iei drive for^ {p^s) 
^ dai Gow.I. 16; driva (suly'.) HOU. I. 
31 ; diif (imper.) Laj. 17613; A. X. 374 ; 
none chefiare ne drive ja 418; drivrad* 
(pple.) A. R. 344 ; dr«f (pre/.) Maxh. 8 ; 
Orm. 8360; dra^ drof JuL.76,77; La}309, 
7843 {miswrilten drsef 9367) ; drof Bkk. bj^ ; 
Mand.86; A.p.i. 1153; a wind. . . drof hem 
intil EDge(l)lond Hav. 735 ; (H}avelok it sau 
and >ideT drof 1793 ; drof [droof] Cw.C.t.D 
1 540 ; dref Man. (F.) i 590 ; bou drive HORN 
(R.) 1379 ; heo driven balles La). 34703 ; heo 
driven [drive] in to ^ castle 1675 ; driven 
Alis. 5731 ; drive Rob. 31 ; driven [dreven] 
WicL. 3 KINGS vi. 3 ; dreve Rich. 5093 ; 
drUbn {pple.) ORU. 83^9 ; driven Mand. 
67 : to longe we haven driven ure dmischipes 
Kath. 1816; drive Will. 979; dreven WiCL. 
EX. viii. 9 ; L. H. R. 68 ; camp, bl-, for-, )•-, 
t9-, |mrli-diiftn ; deriv. Aiil, drilta. 
driftr, sb., - MJ-G. driver, OJf.C. tiTpari ; 
driver, voc 313. 

drifte, 9h.,-MJ>u., MJLG. drift, OJ<r. dript, 
MJI.G. trift; from driCsa; iMft, act of 

driving; herd, ^armentum! voC 379 ; PR. P. 
133; drift Aus*. (Sic) 897; )« drift of >e 
snouh s. A. L.33I. 

drl), jtf^ dri aWdxS}. drije, Mvdrf^. 

dr^n, jM drft^oa oAi/drajeiL 

drill, adj., tame, .gentle ; lomb is drih and 

milde hom. 49. 
dribte, sb:, O.E. diyht, driht,— O.i^rir.drecht, 
OX.G. diuht, O.N. drott, Gatk. drauhts / ; 

from drSojen ; retinue, host, LA3. 93. 
drilit-Ilura, sb., retinue, Kath. 1853. 
diiht-folo, sb., O.E. drybtfolc,- (?./.<;. 

dnihtfolc; dependants, LA3. ill. 
drlht-tUl, adj., glorious ; be drihtftile 

[sec. text kinewui^e] godd Apollo mi laueid 

Jul. 13. 
drfht-Uo. adj., O.E. dryhtllc; noble: ^s 

drihtliche lona LA3. 3784; drihtiiche men 

1633. 

drlht^uon, sb., vassal, La}. 14715- 
drlbtneMO, sb., majesty, Hon. 1. 101 ; KatU. 

1346. 
drihtan, sb., O.E. dryhten, drihten,= 0.i.C 

drohtin, 0./^«>.drochten,0.A'.dr6ttin, O.H.G. 

truhtin ; lord, hom. I. 91 ; drihten [driste] 

Laj. 4 ; drihten, dristen rel. I. 171 (SaU & 

Sat. 237) ; drihtin Kath. 1095 ; Orm. 3 ; 

driven rel. I. ift6 ; drijtin Gaw. 996 ; drihte, 

dricte (printed dritte), drichte {printed 

driihte) P. L. s. viii. 40, 55, 6o ; drihte c L. 

37 : M. h. 1 ; dryhte Misc. 83 ; drijte Horn 

(L.) 1310; Shor. 61; Langl. £xiii. 369; 

{f printed dnghte) Alis. 6403; Map 348; 

drUiteiiM {gen.) FRAG. 6 ; A. R. 430 ; drih- 

tenes, drihtnes hom. I. 11, 105; drltatMis 

{dai.) Laj. 3o ; drihtene, dribme hom. J. 33, 



drlUen. 

dzOlni, V, - M.Du. drillaa, Swd. drilh, 
ZTlM. driQe; f ott tUttUfidfy; tbidt: kIcoV 
va thine o ^ piUte wit diiglitin for to drill 
c K. 16390 ; ^ ded ai woi we for to drille 
33715 ; eom^ a-drUlan. 

drino, sb., O.E. drinc (F-drync); iriitt, 
H. H. 34 1 ^ene diioc Li^. 1303 ; drinc, 
drinch Out. 165, 153S8; drinch hoh. I. 
383; drink Uand. 348; P. 43; DBGR. 1739; 
drlnka {dat^ Brd. 1 1 ; drindiea [dringes] 
(^)ljL).3558; drinkesB011.II.179; Hav. 
1738 ; MMj}. lav*-, oviu-drlno. 
telnko-Ua, adj., wUkomt drinJ^ SOU. t. 
HI- 

dring, JM druc. 

dxlak, Mw dziaa. 

<HHinkft1im, wg d WwMiw. 

drinksn, v., O.E. drincan^— (7XC7. drincac, 
Golk, driglmn, OJ^'ris. drinka, OJ^. diekka, 
OM.G. trinct^ trinkan ; drini. Mat. xx. 
33; Li^. 5804; A. R. 44: Hav. Boo; (wj. 
drinnkenn) Oril'i6S; diinke SHOK. 36; 
drinca lkbchd. III. i38; drtakaS ifirts.) 
HOH. II. 19a; drlno (imfer.) La). 14348; 
dnno Iprei.) CSN. & tx. 1660 ; («m. diannc) 
OuL 1374; drank HOH. II. in; Rich. 3090 ; 
Ch. C. t. ^743 ; LiDG. M. p. 91 ; drone a. R. 



310; droDc, dronk [drone] La^ 6938, 19796 ; 

'--' ■IRJBS.3S3; heodrankenLA). 14385 ; 

I Gow. III. 31 ; {ku. druanlienn) 



>u di 



mnken La). 14385 ; 
{ku. dninnkenQ) 
Orh. 4707 ; dronken WILL. 1906 ; Ch. C. T. 
A 831 ; drooken [dttnike] Langl. i? xiv. 64 ; 
^' drimks (tiij-) Ork. 1448s; drunkm 
_iie.) Oru. 14057; Rich. 661; dronken 
L C. T. ^ 135 : oMa^ ar, jo-drlakan : ^Itm'. 
drinOi 5^>i^ n^ , ^ T fl i **! ^^^ii^TTf^ i" 
drlnkara, ib., O.E. dimcKn,— OJ/.G. trio- 
chAre; i^ifiJter, TRKat. 138; aykmb. 53; 
Mam. (F.) 3986; drlnkcTM (//.) HOM. II. 
55 ; druikkres a r. 316. 
drinklngo, sb., drviiiiig, HOM. II. 37; 
drinking ORU. 19063. 
diinUln, v., ibutgt, drotott, ' mtrgo,' PR. p. 
133 ; ¥« %e childre so drinkelen b^ GSH. & 
BZ. 3768; drouUod i^ef.) c. U. 1336; 
drwiUMl (fple.) Han. (F.) 997. 
dif pen, ut drtpsD. 

drippe, ab^^Dan. dryp, MJhi. dmppe, 
OJi.G. tnipha; from di4op«a; dript drof, 
* gHtUi,4mlai P^. P. 133. 
drlppin, y.,~Datt. dryppe, Md^G., MJht. 
dnppen, MJi.G. triipfen; sbip, 'ttiUo,' 
PR. P. 133. 
drlri, M« drSov^. 

drit, sb., OJ^. dritr, cf. MJht, drijt ; ^rt, tx- 
trtmuni, ^sUreut,' PR. P. 133 ; TRRV. IV. 433 ; 
P. L. S. i. 7 ; cattei drit p. s. 340; drit and 
donge Aus. 4718 ; Lamqi. A vii. 178 ; muk 
or drit Wia. £. w. 33. 
drit-Oharl, sb., ef. L.G. diltkerl ; {ttrm of 
t^tUti^), Hav. W3. 



dnqnwa. 177 

ditt*, v., 0£. (ge-)dinan, — MJ}u. drijten, 

0.ft. diita ; ' caeart^ Cath. 109. 
drival, th^-MJ^G., M.Dtt. drevel; bond- 

servant, H. M- 39; drivi] PR. P. 133; 

drimaa (>/.) Kath. 1154. 
driTolen, tee dravabo. drivm, tee dtifln. 
drobli, drobUn, see dmbUf dtUUltu 
drO^ adL 0.£. dtit,^ifJ^G. drfive, JIfJtu. 

droeve, OJi,G, truobi; ttvtHed, sad; drof 

be wes on mode La}. 104a 

drdf-Uo^adj., 0£.A^ac,-MX.G.&a&'Sk; 

Li^ 1036. 
AxatfSeeiMX. 
drogge, sb., OJFr, drogue; dnig; droggas 

[dn^gea] Ch. C. t. .^ 436. 
drognuUf sb, medXat. dmguminus, frvm 

Ami. tarjumin ; intirpreUr, Aus. 3401. 
dromedaiie, sb., OJ'r, dTomadaiie: dromt- 

diuj, Mand. 343 ; dromadarlaa ( ^} Lia ^. 
dromelaa, sb., dromedary, Oru. 6966. 
dromonnd, i)L,^O.N. iaatavadz,from OJ'r. 

dromont, Lai. droinO, Gr, 0pdfuu-; a Undo/ 

war-vestel: dromoun Rich. 1407; droumnnd 

3535 ; ditiumoimd 3458 ; dromoatu {pi.) 

Aus. 90; Ar. 8t Mbr. 113 
drdno, JM dHbu. 
drOnen, v.,^MX.G., ii-Du. dronen; roar, 

Mlow: he dzonnad (prtt.) as a dragon 

Alis*. (Sk.) 985. 
dronkoii, JM dmnkm. 
Ax<aikimi,v.,1—Axtxaaava; submerge, be mi- 

mergtd, drown: be scbip )at was so mte, it 

dronklod {pret.) in the flode MAN. (H.) 170 ; 

dronkeld 389; fonr & twenti ^sand in 

Tcmse . . . wer dronkled {ppu:^ of Dsses 

Mam. (H.) 43- 
dzope, sb., O.E. diof&t—OJif. dropi, OJ-G. 

dtopo, OJi.G. tropbo, tropfo ; from drUpao ; 

drop, 'gitita, stilia,' PKAG. 3 ; HOH. I. sii ; 

Mand. 51 ; Ch. C. T. A 131 ; HocCL. i. 415 ; 

PR. C. 3065; anne drope blod [one blodes 

drope] La^ 7650 ; a lutel deawes drope A. K. 

184; a watres drope CEN. & ex. 1018; ber 

ne fol n<nt a runes drope P. l. S. xvii. 369 ; 

o drope tA blode xix. 394 ; no drope of water 

S. s. (Web.) iij3; >ane drope avsmb. 93; 

dropan 0/.)a.R.33o; TRKAT. 136; AYKsa 

84 ; droppe Lk. xxiL 44 ; tomp. rafn-dropo. 
dropo-IUllnc sb., rain : as drope&Uing 

droppeade upon ertbe WiCL. PS. IxxL 6 ; 

dnP^Ullngna {pi.) Uiv. 11. 
drop»4aU0k adv., O.E. dFopni£lum; by 

t6vps, A. R. 383. 
dTopeato, see Idropaalfc 
droppen, v., O.E. droppanj—J/'.Z.f?., AfJ)ti. 

dropen, M.H.G. tropien; drop\ droppo|> 

(prts.) Mamd. 50; droppo ('»'/.) MiRC 

1938 ; droppJnito (ppie^ saiKTS (Ld.) 317 ; 

dropped (> "' " - - '~ - 



M 



bi.) MiRC 

-. ... . CLd.)3i7; 

(fret:) Ck. C. T. £; 580 ; \t dolws 
droppede Triv. IV. 439 ; as )iei dropped a 
doun LAMCL.^xvL79;-AMM^U-dropp«ii. 



178 



droppdXL 



drepplnc*^ th., dropping, 'stillaeic' PR. P. 

13a; droppinK of rein Ch. C. t. £3376. 

dropiHQge of nesshci or fishe in the rostiage 

*caduia' PR. P. 133. 
drofl, sb., O.E. ^xoi,-MJ-G. Axoa, O.H.G. 

gltros ; tjrom drSoMn ; dratt, A. R. 384 ; 

ra. C.3339; L.H. R. U7. 
drome, M, f O.E. droin {pi. druna), OJI.G. 

troseiH, tnuana, tniotana (pi.) \ dregs, 'fix; 

PRAO. 4 ; droMOM (//■) and<tfegges IJuiGL. 

Cix. 193. 
drotin, v., / O.N. diatta ; draml, Usp, ' trow 

lo; PR. P. 133. 
dnmkinge, sb.i-dronpliigs; i /vMJer, pr. p. 

113: als i lay in a vinteris nit in a dronken- 

ing (?— droupcning) bifore the dai Map 334 ; 

fordolled in a droukning dred L. R. H. 141, 



dnmpin, 

dronpnen, tte drt^nwi, 

drdveUt v.i^j^nMK drfif ; trouble, distmi', drove 

C M. 11974; drtTM (pres.) PR. c. 1319 

dreved ippU.) [' htrbata'] PS. vL 4; st. 

drtran. 
driving, sb.,trouib,qfiieiitm {^tribulatio'], 

PS. xxi. 13; c u. 333S4; drtvtnsea {pL) 



drubli, drobli, adj., middy, 'litrHdusi PR. p. 
133. 

drubUneaw, >b., mitddintu, ' turbuUiuia! 

PR. P. 133- 

dmblin, v., \ —trutdra; 'turbo,' pr. f. 133. 

drfierie, sb., OJV. druetie; love, Jritndship, 
Fl. & Bl. 383 ; dmrie hou. I. 371 ; Langl, 
A\. 85 ; drinrerie A. R. 150; drfirlea {pi.) 
PR. C. 7835 ; Gaw. 1506. 

drfije, adj., 0£. diyge, drtge, drtge-i-G. 
driige, Md..G. druge, drSge, M.Du. droogh; 
dty; mid dnqe fotan HOH. I. 87; diuije 
L. H. R. 143; dniie a. r. 376; dniie Rob, 
531 ; CHR. £. 346; LEG. 13 ; )iole% . . . 
bwile dniie (sb^ & hwile wete hou. 11. 133 ; 
drue F. S. 193; dru}e, Anyt A. P. ii. 385, 
413; («u. dri)]e) OrM. 9S83 ; ^drigestedes 



1. 366 ; dric [dreie] Ch. C. t. .4 430 ; Ch. p. 
F. 380; for dne C.T. £409; drege Mat. lii. 
43; di«^ Shor. 145; dreie uou. I. 337; 
draie AYENB. 340. 

drinewe, sb., diyntst, PR. P. 133; LiDG. 
H. p. 194. 



dr^en; dry; drigen HOU. 11. 87; dnin 
'sicca' PR. P. 133; dreie lud. Cov. 330; 
whanboudrul3at(j^/.) Langl.^ i. 35: drie^ 
CiL C. T. A 1495 ; drtUda {prtt.) TRXV. 



dmnkon. 

V. 1I3; dride hou. II. 155; driede Mamd. 

68 ; dreide Lk. vii. 38 ; di^ud {ppU.) OMf. 

8635 ; dried gkn. & ex. 3681 ; PS. vd. 16; 

eomp. tr, fbrnlrBjen, -drOjlen (drawim). 
dmggeii, v., drag; drugge and diawe CH. 

C. T. A 1416. 
6xViftong»,»b., dragging: bii owune rod^ 

on his >o^ schuldres so herde dniggunge 

uou. I. 307. 
drulit>e, sbT O.E. AragAV,-L,G. driigde^ 

M.ZHi. drooghU; drouehl; dnih^ OrU. 

863£; dni3)ic ayenb. 68 ; druit« [droi^te] 

Trev. VII. 473 ; drou}|ie saints (Ld.) 315 ; 

drouhbe, drouthe, droujte, dro]be A. P. li. 

534; drouthe Lamgl. j^x. 396; dnigte CEH. 

& EX. 3348 ; droughte [droghte] Ch. C. t. ^ 3. 
drfico, driinoh, sb., O.E. dryac,'- OJ/.G. 

trunch, O.N. dTykkr ; fimm drinkan ; A-inJt, 

drinking, A. R. 14, 114; dninch Maru. 8; 

drOnobe {dat^ hou. II. 41 ; nud nnmete 

dninche hou. 1. 103. 
drhno-wil, adj., grteify of drink, A. R. 

ai6*. 
dnmonen, v., O.E. dnmcnian, - OM. druk- 

kna, Swed. dnmkna, dnikbna, modEng. 

drown; be drowned; be, make thiink; \ sbal 

dninkne [' iM^n'o^'] thee with mi teres Wicu 

Is. xvL 9; drunkenea, dronkenes {prts.) 

U. H. 138 ; ha diuncneS ^ in Marh. 15 ; 

dmncnen {ms. dnmncneim) Oru. 15398; 

drunonle [suij.) a. r. 58 ; dmnkneda {fret!) 

WiCL. Is. Ixiii. 6 ; ^ swin umen . . . into ^ 

SK & dnmcDcde hem selveo hou. II. 39; 

dronkened PS. bdv. 10; diouned A. P. ii. 373 ; 

dnmenad (pple.) Oru. 6795; drouned 

Mand. 57 ; LlDG. H. p. 149 ; anmp. of-druiu>> 

drunoning, ab., dnmrm't^, Oru. 14547. 
dmnken, adj., O.E. drunken, -O.A^.dmkkin, 

O.H.G. tmnchan ; ^i}m drlnkan; drunken, 

Oru. 14065 ; GEN. & EX. 871 ; ^ heo weore 

swa drunken LA). 13465; dronken MaMD. 

350; dronke AYENB. 75 ; Ch. C. T. ^43128; 

\& drunkene cnihtes La), 13536 ; eomp. for-, 

win-drunkan. 
dnmken-hsd, sb., druttkenntss. Sax. cHR. 

309; WiCL. Is. V. 11: dronkenhede Gow. 

III. 30 ; dronkehede AYENB. 360. 
drooke-iao, ib., drunkenness, MiRC 31. 
drunka-ahepe, sb., drunkenness, 'ebrietati 

PR. P. 134; dronkeshipe Gow. III. 30. 
drcmkea, v., drown, plunge in voter; 

dmitkada {pret.) WiCL. ecclus. uquk. 38; 

dronked (pple.) Will. 3516; con^. at- 

drunkan. 
dmuUcen, sb., O.E. dmncCB,^Goth. drugk- 

anei, O.N. drykkni, O.H.G. tninchcnl; 

drunkenness, HOU. [. 17s (HOU. II. 3i8; 

UlSC. 67); La). 6070; the millere bat for 

drunken [dronken] w-as al pale CH. C. T. A 

3130 : drunke P. I. 5. viii. taS. 



dnmksiL 



B-Um, ib^ Jmniard, WiCL. Hat. 
..; dnmkeleiRidrmik^ewe Gow, III. 
5 ; dronkdewe Langl. B viiL 83 ; dnmke-, 
dronkenlewe CB. C. T. D 3043 ; dninkelcu 
'ririonu' PR. F. 133 ; diunkleu LlDC K. p. 

dninfentMMi sb., O.E, dnmceness, diun- 
ccnneu : dnmkamtst, HOM. I. 13 ; O. & N. 
1399; dnmkenneiie Orh. 166; dronken- 
oesse [dronkenesse] Ch. C. T. C549- 
draakan-aoin, adj^ givnt to drink, A. IL 
ai6'. 

dr&p, adJ4 Aumile, ^vcpiHg; drt^Mit 
{sufiiri.) Hakh. 16; dnipeat aire monne 
Kath. 905a 

drfipon, v., OJf. driipa, droop; decUtu, tint 
down : droupin 'latito' PR. P. 113 ; drcHip(e) 
& dare trams. XVIII. 26 ; M. Arth. 3575 ; 
dnnv* [pres.) MlN. i. 9; ToWMU 333: 
droupiu ANT, Arth. v ; drvwuul ippi*-] 
[drupand, droupand] ... be sagh ^ir chere C 
H. 4457 ; drouped (fret.) bis arwcs droupfed 
nought wi^ fe^res low« Ch. C. t. ^ 107; 
dropede Ful i 103. 

droaptng*^ ib., drooping, 'latitatio^ PR. P. 
113; dronpiogGAW. 1750; D. Troy 3391. 

driipi, adj., downcast, hom. 1. 305 ; Halliw. 
331 ; makeV diupie cixn a. R. HI. 

drupiiiia,v.,KO.A^.dri]pi)a; droop, bthuntbit, 
HOil. I. 359; i droupne ant dare SPSC 54; 
droDpntwi* (ppl*^ MORM (H.) 1136. 
dn>apnliig«, drooponlng, sb., dejttlion, 
VLKVUp. 

drfiirl, JM drtori). 

drfiS, sb., OJ!-r. dnid, from OM.G. drat; 
daring, BOH. 1. 369. 

drftwien, stt drajlan. 

dabben, v., O.E. dubbian. Sax. CKR. 3i%^ 
O.N. dubba; ibdb, adorn; to cnibte bine 
dubben [dobben] \j^\. 22497; dubbe bim 
knight Isuu. 484; \ta kni^tis heore bodi 
dubbe)! (/TM.) AUS.4311 ; dlibb*da (pret.) 
Hav. 2314; dubbBd (ppu:) Gaw. 7S; L. 
H. R. 137; dabbed and digtat PR. C B790 ; 
dubbed wib precious stones Mand. 341 ; 
idubbed [idobbed] 1^3. 1957S ; idobbed 
AYKNB. 83. 

dabUns, sb., dubbing of a hdgkt, Horn 
(L.) 4^; dobbinge Shox. \%. 

dnbbement, sb., O.Fr. adoberoent; tmbtl' 
UshmmU : the dubbement dere of doun & 
dalei A. P. i. 131. 

dnble, adj., O.Fr. duble, doble ; double, a. R. 
70 ; p. L. s. ii. 176 ; doble BBK. 417 ; double 
Gow. I. 7 ; i will have three sithe doable 
{sb.) of his Rich. 2096; doublechinned 
Trev. I. 299, 
doublwiMM, sb., duplicity, falsmess, CH. 
C. T. G 130a 

dablMl, v., OFr. donbler, dobler ; double : 
dublin, dobelin PR. P. 135 ; dubli Brd. 38; 



dnjeVe. 



'79 



dottblob iprts.) Shor. 34 ; doble^ aybnb. 

32 ; doblAd [doubled] (j^/.) c H. 6954. 
doblar, sb., OJ''r. doublier ; platter, a. P. ii. 

1146; dobalsTM (pi) Langl. i^xiii. 81, 

Cxvi.91. 
dablet, sb., OJ^r. doublet ; doublet; doblette, 

dobbelet PR. p. i3( ; Gaw. 571 ; doublett 

Ljdg. h. p. 54 ; oobelat voc. 183 ; doplit 

338. 
dtto, sb., O.Fr. due ; dukt, iM. 86 ; A. R. 300 ; 

Fi- & Bl_ 697 ; due [duk] Ch. C. t. ^4 893 ; 
' duk [duik] WicL. Mat. ii. 6 ; duik L. H. R. 

149. 
dnohfi, sb., Ft., duch£; ducfy, Lahgl. C'n. 

345 ; Man. (F.) 3150. 
daoliarie, sb., Auky, duktdom : Trev. IV. 

14s ; duchene of Kent 187 ; that daie 

duoheiiM ipi.) he delte d. Arth. 3615. 
dnohoMQ, sb., OJ'r.. ducbesse ; duchess, Ch. 

C. T. A 933. 
dudde, sb., t sort of hood or cloak, ' Urrus,' 

PR. P. 134. 
dae, AdL OFr. ixxA, from Lot. dibitus; dut 

)if me DC diit a destine due to bave a. p. ii: 

49; TREV.IV.189; Gow. 1. 19; indewetim 



diwliobe, adv., dul^, properly, Gowrlll. 
345; Witx. NUU.xx1x.34; Gow, III. 354; 
dewli LiDG. M. P. 353. 

duel, seeAoA. 

doer, sa dAor. 

doetfi, sb., duty, Gow. III. 176 ; deute AUD. 
34 ; dewtee LiDC. M. p. 141 ; dute PR. p. 135. 

di^, adj., from dAaa ; f useful; duwe P. L. S. 
XXV. 133 ; comp. )»^i^. 

diqaiL, v., f 0£. dugan » O.N. duga, / OJi.C. 
tugan ; from d<«) ; avail, be valiant, it 
worth \ Aawtm (pres.) A. P. iii, 50; dujcode 
{pple.) Lai. 4133; diqende ^ewas hom. I. 
109 ; dohftje [O.E. dohte, cf. O.N. dug¥a, 
O.H.G. tohta] (pret.) u. H. 149 ; al he solde 
{lat outh douthe Hav. 703; dought Tristt, 
II25 ; Man. (F.) 7550 ; comfi. js^ujon. 

dfijen, v., O.E. (ge-)d5gan, dygan, }~OX.G. 
dogen; flack; wel mei duhen ancre of oVer 
wiinfp)lunge a. k. 420*. 

dnjeSe, sb., O.E. dugu¥, dugo¥,oi(7./>Tr. 
duged, O.N. dyg¥, O.H.G. tuged, tugend ; 
virtue, virility, nobility, power, riches'. 
unlearn to elcheredu^eHOU. 1. 103; Brutus 
& his dujePe [dojeW La^ 1819; duweVe 
4945 ; \it hi forletef in heore duaebe [duh^] 
o. & N. 634 ; ^ dugefw gin. ^ defen rei. 1, 



d)q«V»-ldiig, At., prince: a dun hem fudQ 
Bedver to his dujtffekioge Laj. 35956. 



i8o dn^eVe. 

di^))»-aiiUtt, ib^ ntatfur, Ijcy 10166. 
dt^aiMlolke, adv., vtrhteisly, tKilr, Lai. 
16844. 

di^aCs-mon, sb., retatHer, La}. 14066. 
dnggen, v., feut\ mai he dug him a, dcdcet 
TowNL. 313. 
dn^ti, see duht^. 
duken, duheSe, see <Uj«ii, di^tJe. 



dobtU, adj., ef. O.E. dybt\g,-mMJf.G. tiihtic ; 
daugiiy, fmi/erM, good, Orh. 113: duhti 
Kath. 78a; )nne domes . . . beo« duhti 



Marh. 8; duhti [dohti] m(Mi La). 14791; 
dohti 761(3; dujtiGAW. 724; av. ARTH.nv; 

douhti TRIST, 1467; TRANS. XVIIf. 3$; 

Ah. & Amil. ao? j dowi a. p. H. iip- 



nLAj.7aS7; 
Uompttr?^ Fer. 531; dou;tiore Langi. A\. 
84; doujtier J v. 103; d<^Mt (supert.) 
A. P. ii. 1306 ; ^ do^tieste Fkr. 1448 ; eomp, 
nn-duhti. 

dughtl-hU«, sb.,- J/^^.£7.tiichtiikeit ; Mr 
very, gBcd$»ess, c. H. 10166. 

duht^-la]a,ab.,^A»AM(j; (mi. duhhtijlejjc) 
Oru. 4904. 

douhU-Uohe, adv., d^ughtify, Jos. 495. 

duhUjoMM, tb., doughttnest, Orm. 17583; 
doatinisse Fer. 3197; douglitineue Man. 
(F^ 3868. 
dOke, sb., 0.£. duce, from dflkan ; lAtci, 
' anas; voc 330 ; duke [doke] Langu B xviL 
63; Ch. C. T. ^3576; doke PR. P. 135; 
dokM (pi.) Mand. 316. 

dokallnga, sb., duitling, PR. p. 135. 

dokB-wtd, sb., duckweed, PR.' P. laj. 
dfiken, v., - MJ..G. duken, M.Du. duken, 
duiken, M.H.G. tQchen ; duet (plunge tmder 
water) ; doukaad (pres. ppie.) *'itx. 4091 ; 
dOkad (prel. fple.) C U. 33303. 

dOkare, sb.,—OM.G. tuchari; diving Nrd ; 
doukere ' piounjoun' rel. II. 83; dokare 
voc 353. 
dnl, adj., 0,E. AiA,~OJ^G. dol, MJ..G., 
MMu. dul, dol, OM.G. tol ; 7 -dwal ; dull, 
' Aeiet, oitutut,' PS. P. 135; CM.C. T. ^"379; 
dul wit Kath. 1368; U brain is dul Lidg. 
IL P. 191; dull* (pi.) Langl. At. 139; 
duUe (v. r. dulte) neiles A. R. 393* ; duller 
[doller] (c<Mn/ar.)TREV. III. 409; see diL 

dulnana^ sb., dullness, PR. P. 135 ; CM. D. 
BL.879. 

dul-, dol-wlttod, adj., dull-wilted, Tkbv. 
III. 467. 
dtUlATd, lb., cf. M.Du. dullard; dullard, 
'duribuccius, agrestis,' PR. P. 135. 
dnllen, v„—M.Dm. duUen, doUen (be insane) \ 
dull, make dull, grow dull; dullin, dolhn 
'hebelo, tepefacio' PR. P. 136, 135; it dulle^ 
me to rime Ch. C. t. G 1093 ; min h«ed 
dullith LUD. Cov. 343 ; dullld (pple^ LiDG. 



dftne. 

H.P.S17; iamnerhandedoIdioloaghaTel 

napiHd ToWMU 98 ; comp. flMr-dollan. 
dnlt, adj., cf. nudEng. dolt; dtitt, bbuit, 

HOW. I. 303; Kath. 1368*; dulte ndks 

A.K.393. 
dnmb, adj., O.E. dumb, - OJ^G^ OJ'rit. 

dumb, O.N. dumbr, Gotk. dumbs, OM.G. 

tumb; duini, hok, II. 135; Okh. 911; 

0. & N. 416 ; Map 33 j ; domb, doumb avxnb. 

1, 51 ; a dombe best P. L. & xiiL 330; domb 
[doumb] Ch. Ct.A 774 ; donmbe Lakgl. B 
X. 137; dum PR. F, 135; dom PR. c. 49; 
L. H. R. 148; doum LUD. Cov. 136; dtUBba 
(pi.) MISC. 39; o)«r Kodei ^ dumbe beoV 
ant deave Maru. 6 ; doumbe Rob. 131 ; 
dumban (dat.pl.) hoh. I. 339. 

donmewa, sb.,—O.Jf.C. tumpncssi ; dMvtf- 

mess, PR. P. 135. 
dnmbien, v., O.E. (a-)dumbiaii, ^ OJr.G. 

tumben; 3eeouie dumi; idoumbed ['oAwm/m'*] 

PS-xxxviiLj; comp.-irAvaabitak. 
dampen, v.,— OJV. dumpa; tea/, tdrive\ 

dumpe A. P. iii. 3G3 ; c H. 33643. 
dumpiiig, ab., diving bird; duuplncafl 

[dompinget] (pi.) Langu Cxiv. 169. 
dun, adj., O.E. dtmn, tir. dunn, Gtul. domi; 

dun, dart-toloured, R. R. 1313 ; dnniM (pL) 

A. P. i. 30 ; LiDG. H. P. 153 ; donne Launt. 

988 ; L. H. R. 144 ; Dun (pr. h.) is in the mire 

Ch. C. t. fry 
dfin, i.h.,^JfX.G. dOn, OJV. dQun m.j dtwK 

(of iirds) J. doun ^phtma ' pr. p. 138 ; Gow. 

II. 103. 
dOik, jwdflne. 
dnuoh, adj.," OJ^ris. diunk ; dark, Haluw. 

danoh, sb., = Dait. dunk ; stroke, Mow, 'fer- 

cussio; PR. P. 135. 
dnnchin, v., — Dan. dunke, Swtd. dnnka: 

beat, ^tundo,' PR. P. 135 ; dunahan (prtt^ 

Hou. I. 383. 
dfine, sb., O.E. dyn^ dyn,-OJK dynr, M. 

L.G.,ifJ?u.dfme; din: ^e dune L;^^ U43 ; 

as a ^nircs dune Kath. 3034 ; dine PR. P. 

131 ; HOH. II. 117; Hav. i860; deneTRXV. 

I. 415 ; dene [din] Man. (F.) 9917; din A. P. 

ii. 863 ; PR. c. 7333 ; dlna (dot) GXH. & BX. 

3467 ; dine [dene, deoee] Langl. Bxvm. 63, 

C xxL 65 ; (omp. erCe-dln*. 
dune, sb., O.E. dun, cf. OJr. dan, mad£ng. 

down ; hill, uou. I. 143 ; o. & M. 919 ; GEK. 

& ex. 5S7 ; dun Orm. 14568 ; uppca- )ct« 

dune La). 37356 ; doune RoB. 363 ; SPtCSC ; 

bi doune and dale Aus. 1767 ; a dttna \0£. 

a, of dune] ; adown, down, ll^. 30397 ; a dim 

551 ; a dun ward 9397 ; a dun a. r. 60; 0.& 

N. 1454 ; duate him a dun ribt (dowmtvari) to 

^ eoi¥e Marh. 13 ; a dune, a doun Hat. 

567, 3735 ; a doun Rob. 30S ; CH. C. T. A 

393 ; t« piler fel a doun S. & (Wr.) M45 ; 

knele a d<nm Auo. 79 ; MDtiadvJiJbr a duM 



dorren. 



iSt 



4AwKLA9.36u61becamdanORH.63t', dime, 
dim, doon Hav. 888, 915, tStj; be fl(e)ah 
dtia rihts 35613 ; bewe bim to tbe nonnde 
doanri|^t8.S.(Web.)63i; Ociov. H^) 1095 ; 
n. cv. tS ; Aus. »99 ; WlU- 1165 ; dbwn- 
rigfates slew then our Ei^lish knightes RiCB. 
1761; don ward, downwardf La). 13106: 
&dTaf^todnnrihtKATU.ao33; don wsrd 
OKH.90561 dmemrdesKATH. 1191 ; dOiiM 
' V.) A. K. 380 ; dfinMD (dat.pi.) Lij. 31775 ; 

tat HOKN (L.) 154. 

DOn-lioIm, pr.n., O.E. DOaboIm ; JJitr/tam : 
on Danfaolme msc 146. 



doiw 



donge, >b., cf. MJ)m. dnnge, Swtd. dynm 
(dWf^), O^. dynna {lu^'uMJt.G. tunge/; 
dm^, A. R. 143 ; dtitige, donge 'jEdhu ' pr. p. 



137 ; donee Aus. 4718 ; donge [donnge] 
Lancl. jfiv, 130; ?dung Marh. 15 ; dao% 
AYXNB. 61; Hand. 49; Ch. C. t. /I807; 
donga {dot:) LK. xiii. 8 {tht tarUtr Uxt kaa 
meoxe) ; Rob. 310 ; duig(e) P. L. S. L 7. 
dnng-, doac-aar^ ab, Aaig-earti Ch. C T. 
f 4336. 

■b., dung-hutp, SPEC 103. 
lb, duHg-fdU, AYRNB. 81 ; s. S. 
(Web.) 3411 ; donghu Ch. p. r. 597. 

MJ>u. dungen, MM.G. tungen ; dui^ ; 

dtu^e [donge] Ch. C. t, iff 4396 ; dongeo pl. 

CR.7«5- 
dflnien, v^ O.E. dynian, OM. dyn^ dona, 

— OJ^G. donian, AfJ)u. donen ; dtn, sound, 

resouHd, LAj. 30410 ; denie Horn (L.) 593 ; 

dOnada (prtl.) Marh. 30 ; )« er^ dunedc 

onder bem Rob. 459 ; dinede an migtful 

bomee blast CRN. & BX. 5464 ; ^ondu'dined(e) 

shilIeAu(t-') 561 ;dencdeWiLl.5oi4; rel. 

11. 7 ; camp, a-dflnian. 
dflnlnga, ab., £/C 0.£.duaang,->J/.i>«.don- 

inge; tinii%d, din, 'bombui^ fr. p. 135. 
dnnnien, v., 0.£. dannian ; becomtdark: ^n 

beu dnnnat [pret.) r. r. l. p. 331 ; dunnid 

ippie.) 'submigtr' PR. p. 135, 
dannir, sb., ffir ^uiur ; thunder : ber nit 

dunnir, slete, no hawle ALT. BL. I. 319 (P. l. S. 

dlint, sb., O.E. dynt, e/. OJf. dyntr, 
Swtd. dunt, mod-Eng. dint; 6low, stroke, 
UOM. I. 15; La}. S4301 Kath. 33; Aus. 
1505 ; Gaw. 452 ; sweordes dunt a. R. 60; 
bene dunt SAINTS (LdOs'S ; dint Oru. 4390; 
Langl. (Wr.) I3I34; dint, dent Will. 1334, 
3750; dent Horn (L.) 153; Launf. 33a; 
dlnte^ dente {dot.) Fer. 617, 1843 ; dOntea 
{pl.) Laj. 33780; A. R. 384; o. & N. 1337 ; 
c L. 1161 ; dintcs Kou. II. 95 ; PR. a 7017 ; 
M. H.;i35 ; dfinte {gen.pl.) a. r. 434 ; dOntan 
{dat.pi^ La). 37051 ; comp. tender- dent. 

dttaten, v.,- O.N. dynta, Swid. dunu; strike, 
give a ilow; (the kinges men) ddnten htm 
Kpret.) Hav. 3448 ; (ha) dintede hou. t. 381 ; 
A9aa»A(^U.) I. H. R. 138 ; dunet HOu. 1. aSl. 



dflp,fMd>(^ 

dnplloiU, >b., OJ^r. dupltdt^ fivm Lot. 
dnplidtaa; dKplidty, Lidc. m, p, 165, 17a 

dappen, v., a£'.dyppan,>-ZAw(.dyppe; dip, 
imm er u ; dippin 'intinga' PR. P. 13; ; dip- 
peat (pres.) Orm. 1551 ; duppe)> TREV. 1. 
117; duppes JOS.534; dape(fM^.) lekchD. 
III. 1 18; dippe['iMAjtfii/'] Wicl. Lk. xvi. 34; 
dipped {^ie.) PR. C 8044 ; idept aysnb. 106. 
dlppere, ib., diver {bird) {' mergulut'], 
WiCL. lev. xL 17. 

dflr, su d«or. 

dnraoioim, sb., Lot. durStio; dutrttian: iaf 
bem eke dimdoun, lonie to weae & waae 
stmte Ch. h. r. 1033. 

dnnmien, see dearknlen. 

dtire, sb., O.E. diira,^OJ''ris. dure, don^K 
MJ..G. dote, GctA. dauro, OJV. pl. dyrr {gm. 
dan), OM.G. turi, tura, Gr, fiipa, Lot. fMis: 
dcor, Lk. xL 7 ; G^. & BX. 1082 ; dine (dore) 
Li^. 35889; dore Hav. 1788; ayknb. 310; 
Ch. C.-T. A 550; be doie . . . tche flej out of 
^ bokes Fer. 31S3 ; dAre \p.E. duiu, dura, 
duran] {dot.) MK. L 33 ; HOIC. 1. 167 ; o. & M. 
778 ; pete dure UISC. 44 ; dure [dure] LA). 
loiSi; wiVuten dore 3383; d^renTAf. dura, 
duTu, dnro, dtinin] Sax. chr. 317 (//.) John 
XZ.19; UOU.I.S7; UtSCi53; duren[Jores] 
La^ 3363 ; doren Rob. 495 ; spec, i 10 ; Shor. 
55 ; d6ien (dai.pl.) Mat. xxiv. 33^ comp. 
ohamber-, ohireohe-diire. 
dAr-bena, sb., daor-ktitge, voc 361. 
d6re-iiall, ab., J/./f.C tiimagel; daor-ncU'. 
ded as a dorenail WiLL. 638; LancL. A i. 
161. 

dtira-pln. sb., gen. & ex. 1078; Horn 
(L.) 973- 

dor-etode, sb., O.E. durostod, O.N. dura- 
sto%; dcor-post, voc 17a 
d6re-tr«, sb., cf. Dan. dfirtrs ; door bar, 
Hav 1806; LANGi-.&i. 185. 
d6re-ward, sb., O.E. duraweard; dear- 
keeper, U^. 17673; UISC. 43; dorewatd 
Shor. 46. 

dfire, su Man. 

dOren, v., O.Fr. dOter ; last, eontinte ; dura 
Rob. 70 ; Ch. C. t. A 3770 ; deore P. L. s. ix. 
63 ; durade {pret.) La;. 36708* ; whi ^ 
tempeste so fonge time durede [dured] 
LANGi_£Kviii. 63. 
dOiinga, pple. & prep., during, Trev. 1. 361. 

daroBse, sb., O.Fr. duresce, cf. mod.Eng. 
duress; hardship, harm, WILL. 1074; S. S. 
(Web.) 3189 ; HOCCL. i. 13 ; LiDG. M. P. itS, 

dnrk, sti deare. dume, see dome. 

dawen, v., f O.E. durran-O./r.ff. (ge-)- 
tunen, f7()/4.(ga-)daursan; /'vmdear; dare; 
dum, dom, dam PR. P. 114 ; dur PR.c.4135 ; 
duxate \O.E. dorste, cf. O.H.G. (ge-)torsta, 
C0/4.(ga-)daursu}(/r//.)iAirj/, KATU.1315; 




1 8a dnrren. dfiven 

A. R. 158; GEN. & EX. 3593; SPEC 104 ; dM, %h^^ didMti ^kostfre, j&f, Shor- 129; 

Isuu. 618 ; durste [donte] L^ 357 ; dorste P. L. s. xxxv. 9 ; Gaw. 102a 

Langl.^ 

A YENS. 143 

dorte Horn 

he saide he hadde thereof do- 
582*; wiUiouten dautanee (da/,) 
out of dootaunce Ch. Tro. iv. 
933* 

"^S^^i; it ^y"**^'"'^'^-^- <P-)*^- dnte, sb., 0./-r.dottte; ^^/,/^ar, a. R. 220; 
i!l^.£'^ c vw . .. Mis<L44;douteMARa 107; CL. 1425. 

.H,^n^. A?J:' ^*'**^^' "^- " » ^- dtite-M., adj., ^«^//^jj : nade he ben di^i 
sttjlike Orm. 16152. _ ^^^S;, fc hade ben ded Gaw. 724. 

^i;doscHOM.I.259;doskLEG.203;deosc dttWB (>«.) a. r. ^; dbutoda (/4/.j 

j; ^^f u ^ A- r* /. n ^ir HaV. 708 ; douted (jj^/f.) C L. 382. 

da^6M6, sb., darhiess ['cahgo^ WiCL. dntou8.adj., (?7^r. doutons ; doubtful; doot- 
JOB xxiii. »/• ous Ch. Boet. i. I (5) ; dotoos JliCH. 4839. 






fon Fer. 3068 ; see daMhen. qrm. 18590 ; dutte [dittc] out Langl. A vii. 

duflohing, sb., tumbling; . . . dinning and 178 ; ditte c M. 19452 ; dittea (pres.) A. P. 
dusching of sinfoUe PR, c. 7350. u. 588 ; we ditte« HOBf. II. 199 ; dftta Umper.) 

diifli, adj., 0£. dysig, » M.Du, densig, O. a. R. 106 ; dfitte (preL) La^ 10812* ; Marg. 
H.G. tuslg, mod,Eng. dizzy ; stupid^ fooUsk^ 208 ; dutten A. R. 106 ; dit {ppU.) Gaw. 1233 ; 
Kath. 782 ; A. R. 2(3 ; dusi luve ne last noht idut rel. 1. 90 ; c L. 31 ; iditte (//.) S. B. w. 
longe o. & N. 1466 ; than waxes ... his heved 242 ; comp, for-, un-dutten. 
febie and disi PR. c 771 ; desi rel. 1. 179; dfL)>e9 see dii^eVe. 

Goth, 

GEN. 

dfisigeat (superl.) a. r. 182. LanglT^xvT 393; H."s!"304'; douife^owNL! 

d&ffi-Uo, sh., folly, Kath. 425. 33; doufe, douve, dofe (?dofc), dove c m. 

dtuM-liohe, zAs,^ foolishly^ HOM. I. 119; 1895, 1 901 ; (mx. dove, dowe) PR.P. 128; dove 

desali Barb. vii. 210. lud. Coy. 48 ; dovene a. p. ii. 481. 

deainiase, sb., O.E, dysigness ; folly ; desy- dflTe-brld, sb., youn^ dove^ hom. II. 47. 

nysse Mk. vii. 22. [d&ve, stem ofA^-srwi.] 
diUd-Bohipe, ^. Jolly, a. r. 182. dive-dap, sb., didapper, ^mergulusi PR. P. 

dtiai, sb., OX, dysig; folly, hom. I. hi. 127; divedap, devedoppe, devedep WiCL. 

diiaien, v., O.E. dysegian, = 0,Fris, dusia; ^^UT. xiv. 7, lev. xi. i, 17. 

bebave foolishly ; dea^S (/f^J.) Mk. ii. 7 ; ddvel, sb., cf M±,G, dovcl, M.H.G, tubel ; 

desiet REL. I. 177. felly of a wheel; dowlia \^modioli*'\ WiCL. 

doaken, v., from duao; darken, make or 3 kings vii. 33. 

grow dark: dusken his herte PL. CR. 563; dttvel-rihtea, adv., A/a^A?«^ : feoUen ba (a) 

bine ehncn schulcn doskin H. M. 35 ; duaked duvelrihtes Kath. 1599. 

\pret,) Ch. C. t. A 2806. dfivelunge, adv., headlong, with a plunge, 
dust, sb., O.E. d\x9t,''M.L,G., M,Du., O.N, ant te meiden duvclunge feol dun to |« eoSfe 

dust; i/«j/, '/»/w,'PR. P. 135; HOM.I.223; Mark. 20; devehng Ar, & Mer. 7762; 

A. R. 122 ; Orm. 1636 ; lud. Coy. 225 ; ]^i Bev. 649. 

dust [doust] La^ 27646; doust REU I. 28 ; duven, v., 0,E, dufan {pret, deaf); dive\ 

]«t doust ayenb. 108 ; duate (dot,) Jul. 41 ; plunge ; )iet ^t sweord in de«f (pret,) La). 

douste P. L. S. xviii. 26. 6505 ; & def . . . dun to )>er eor^ Jul. 76. 

duaten, v., ?« aA^. dusta (</tf J/, ^^ ; strike, dfiven, v., O.E. dyfan (pret, dyfde),=(7.A^. 

beat, throw down, A. R. 212; jif hit duste« deyfa; itive; diven Langl. ^xii. 163; dfivatS 

J14; duste Kath. 1094; Jul. 48; hedust(c) (pres.) a. r. 282; he dive« dun to grunde 

him doun Fer. 854 ; ich habbe a dun . . . rel. I. 221 ; d«f (imperat.) Marh. 17 ; duve 

idust Marh. 11; <ri?w^. a-duaten. ['demergat'] hom. II. 43; ddfde (pret.) 

duati, sb., cf O.E. dystig ; dusty, ^ pulverulen- Marh. 22 ; euch dunt defde in to hire liche 

ius^ PR. p. 135 ; HiCKES I. 224. ' Jul. 28. 



duwe. 

dwal, adl ft sb., O.E. dmoiy'^MX.G. dwal 

dw«l«a ; b^fooUsh : ^ devel dwale okn. 
& IX. ao ; dwale hir§tu Orm. 7454 ; ne chid 
yi yn\ name dwilM (f foots) rxl. I. 183 ; 
seo duL 

dwal-kenned, adj., nUsUading : ^oili dwal- 
kende lare Orm. 7441. 

dwAle^ sb.,— OJV. dvdl (^/^), 5«vi/. dvala, 
Dan. dvale (stupor)^ O.H.G. twala (^Air); 
i<r/0xy stupe/action^ GKN. & BX. isao; dwale 
[dvale] c M. 14197 ; stod as he were in dwale 
Man. (F.) 9059; dwale soporifirous drink 
Gow. III. 14 ; Ch. C t. a 4161 ; RKU I. 334. 

dw^le, sa dwaole. 

dw^len, v., 0,E. *dwelan (pplt. gedwolen)^ 
cf. OJI.G. twelan ; he stupefied: j^ child lai 
dwtfUnir ipple.) s. s. (Web.) 770; comp. »- 
dwi61eiL. 

dwWen, v.^ O.E» dwdian,->i/.Z.tz. dwelen ; 
err^ he deceived: fi ]« lai%eu dw&US (pres.) 
HOM. I. 109; ge dwelled Mat. xxii. 29; 
dwele l^ errant'] PS. xciv. 10 ; dwttied (pret,) 
PS. czviii. 176 ; comp. U-dwWen. 

dwella, sb., delay: withouten dwelle LEG. 

57 ; dvelle Fkr. 648 ; drell(e) c M. 2831. 
dweUen, v., O.E. dwellan, ■> CAT, dvelia 

(pret. dvalda), OJ/.G. twellan (pret, twalta) ; 

Ottfetty delay, Orm. 9938 ; dwellen Hay. 54 ; 

i ntlle nou^t longe dwellen s. & (Wr.) 1625 ; 

dwelle Aus. 225 ; Shor. 19 ; Will. 701 ; 

Ch. Q.t.A 2354; dvelle SPsa 82 ; him reowe^ 

^t he dw«lle)» (pres,) her swa swi)ie lange 

on eor)>e Orm. SJTo; dwelde (pret.) Langl. 

Bjjl, 342 ; mani winter he dwelde )»ere s. s. 

(Wr.) 3204; dwalde Orm. 13218; dwelden 

LEG. 4 ; dwelled (pple.) Orm. 226 ; con^. 

yi'dfyeHen. 

dweIlingy8b.,</«'//Zr>f^,HAy. 1352; dvelling, 
dwelling leg. 43 ; Greg. 395. 

dweole, sb., O.E. gedweola; error: bat is 
dweole R. S. ii. (misc 160^ ; dweole [awele] 

0. & N. 1239 ; wend a wei mine eien vrom 
yt worldes dweole A. R. 62 ; dwele lbb. Jbs. 
149 ; (mx. dwelle, r. w, wele) P. L. s. L 13. 

dweole*, dwtte-eong, sb., o. & N. 926. 

dweoleVy sb., / error ; heo was igon a dweoleV 
(v, r. o dweole) A. R. 224. 

dwecdtte, sb., 7^ Got A. dvali^; error, f de- 
lirium ; bet . . . dweoHSe me ne derie HOM. 

1. 199 ; dweoluh^ 195 ; he spek o dwelthe 
Ed. 3149. 

dweomery see dwimer. 

dwer, sb., cf. diewtee; f doubt; Map 361 ; 

8. & c I. liii; dwere lud. Coy. 17, 117; 

TOWNL. 302. 

dwer^ sb., 0.E, dweorg, dweoih, ■■ CM. 
dvergr, OJI.G. tverg; amarf\ dwergh Iw. 
2390; dweri (/ ms, dwery, printed dwer^) 
WILL. 362 ; dwerou, dweruh * nanus* PR. P. 



ted. 



183 



134; dverw Trist. 2062; dwerf Trey. I. 
231 ; IPOM. 1746 ; dwerghea {pi.) Mamd. 
20$ ; dwerewes [dv(e)rwesj Aus. 6266. 

[dw6eo l ien» v., O^. dwaescan ; fsJkaJke; camp. 
erdwBeohen]. 

dwild, sb., O.E. (ge-)dwild, dwyld; error \ 
dwyld Sax. chr. 258 ; dwilde Orm. 9736 ; 
camp. )e-dweld. 

[dwimer, sb^ O.E. dwimor {phantom) j camp. 
)e-dwlmor.J 

dweomer-or«ft» sb., magic art^ \jc^ 30634. 

dweomer-lAo, sb., magic piety, La^ 270; 
demerlaik Alex. 414 ; a. p. li. 1561. 

dwinen, v., O.E. dwinan {pret. dwan),«> 
MJht. dwlnoi, O.N. dvlna (fret. dvTna^), 
prov.Eng. dwine; [* tahesco '] WICL. PS. czviii. 
139 ; dwmin ^evanesco' PR. P. 134 ; dwine PR* 
C 703 ; as gres in medowe i dne and dwine 
HALUW.326; dwmebGow. II. 117; dwined 
{pryt.) Will. 578 ; dwine {pple.) Orf. 259 ; 
dwinea R. R. 360 ; comp. fixr-dwlnen. 

dwole, sb., O.E. dwolBL,^OJI.G. (ga-)twola ; 
error, o. & N. 82$. 

dwdlunge, sb., O.E. dwolung; delusion: 
yti ]« dwolunge rixaV HOM. 1. 1 17. 



e, see en. e-, see ^. d, see •. 6-, see A*. 

te, int, ^.J?. 6a, iaw ; ak; ea le Mat. xxiii. 17. 

te, sb., O.E:u, O.Fris. a, ^^'O.N. a, OJLG., 
O.H.G. aha^ Goth, ahwa, Zo/. aqua ; water, 
rivery eaa frag. 3; ]ias ae La^. 2506; an ae 
Saba )ehaten ORM. 7091 ; in are swi¥e feire 
ae Li^ 140a 

terfjroak, sb., waterfrag', iafiroekee [v. r. 
eafraskes, eafxeskes] (//.J HOM. I. 251, 326. 

dao, conj., O.E. ^c, Sc, ■> OJFris. ak, OJ^G. 
dc, (7JV., Goth, auk, OJI.G. ouh, later Eng. 
eke ; tdso ; aeac HOM. 1. 221 ; ec, aec, eke [eaijc, 
eke] La|. 3745, 8001, 25682 ; ec HOM. I. 3 ; 
Marh. 14 ; Orm. 159 ; ]« is nemed ec arm- 
herfhesse hom. II. 5 ; ec, eke A. R. co, 168 ; 
ek Hay. 1025 ; Roa 200; Aus. 2164; and 
ek ich frovri fele wihte o. & N. 535 ; ek [eek] 
Ch. C. t. ^ 41 ; see to. 

teoiien« v., O.E. eacnian,*"^?^/^. auknan; 
increase, grow : ekni hor robberie Rob. (W.) 
2092* ; ft beggere teneS {pres.) his bode 
hom. II. 213. 

[dad, sb., 0J£. €ad,«> d.N. auVr; wealth, 
happiness.] 

Sd-gftr, pr. n., O.E. Eadgir; Ed^ar, p. l. s. 
ix. 144. 

Sd-mund, pr. n., O.E. £admund; Edmund, 
p. L. s. xviL I. 

Sdnesee, sb., O.E. Sadness ; beatitude, HOM. 
II. 75 ; {ms. hednesse) Sal. & Sat. 23a 



184 



ted. 



teUL 



Jkd^waxd, pr.iLy O.E. Eadweard ; Edward^ 
Misc 145. 

tadi, adj\, O.E. eadig, cf. OJLG. 5dag» 5d<^, 
Goih, audags (^aonipioff), 0.N an^gr, OJi.G. 
dtag ; richj ktMVy *beatuSy FRAG. I ; Marh. 
3; A. R. 08; Shor. 139; eadiy eaedi, edi 
La). 3361, 6638, 16559; edi HOM. L 17^; 
MISC 100; RKL. II. 338; )edi P. L. 8. viii. 
115* ; aedi^ Orm. 3333 : )«o aedie burde La). 
16371 ; tedina (o^^. m.) HOM. L 115 ; tedi|a, 
aedie (pL) HOM. 1. 47, 113 ; iadinxa (camp.) 
H. M. 13 ; tedieate {suptrlai) H. M. 45. 

Adi)-l6^ sb^ kappimss^ Orm. 5706. 

aadi-lidh«» adv., happily ^ A. R. 338. 

tedinaaaa, sb., OJE, ftidignfitf ; kappimss^ 
HOM. I. 317; A.R.38. 
tadmdda, -mdd, etc, sumuUrkM. 

iaje, sb., OX, €age, -> (77^fir. ftge, OJLG* 
6ga, OJi.G. oaga, O.M auga, C^A. aag6; 
4r^/: anre nedle eage Lk. xviii. 35; eyt 

0. & N. 436; )»et eyt HOM. I. ic; aysnb. 
147 ; eie Langu j? x. 133 ; e)he Orm. 9393 ; 
eghe PR. c 3334 ; Pbrc 691 ; ebe Kath. 
1056; eie A. R. 60; Hav. 3545 : ^ neldis 
ei(e) P. L. s. i. 33 ; ehe fi)e] WiCL. Mat. 
V. 39; i|e Trkv. VIII. 159; Man. (H.) 
^30 ; ie MiRC 63 ; Ch. C. t. A 3680: tegan 
\dat,) Mat. vii. 4; lbschd. III. 96; «)an, 
^n \^0£» Sagan, Gaih. ang5na] (//.) HOM. 

1. 33, 43; e^en P. L. 8. viiL 38; Brd. 36; 
AYRNB. 81 ; egen rel. I. 310 ; e^en, eien 

0. & N. 75 ; ei)en frag. 5 ; ei^e RoR. (W.) 
6716*; Will. 463; eien a. r. 64; eien 
[j^en (>«ie^)] c M. 17837; ighen Fihen, 
eien] Ch. C. t. ^ 153 ; ehne, ehnen KATH. 
497, 3003 ; egfane ISUM. 630 ; tegane^ eagen 
(gen, pL) LSECHD. III. 94, 96; €yBak^ ^n. 
ae^en, e^enen [OJS. fiagum, Goth, augam] 
{dat.pL) La). 1885, 5756, 7247i 17076; egen, 
eien HOM. II. 33, 35 ; eien A. R. 16 ; AN. UT. 
91 ; e^ Brd, 3 ; e^e Orm. ^70 ; ene {ms. 
een) (r. w. kene) ant. Arth. uvii. 

9^*brllu, sb.y^ O.I/.G. ougebrft; ifyedrow; 
i)ebriwe (da/.) P. s. 339. 

§ha-lld, sh,,^M.H.G. ougelit ; eyelid^ HOM. 

1. 365 ; a^eliddea (pi.) Trbv. V. 189. 

^jhe-aalfe, sb., 0,E. &igsealf; eye-salve^ 
Orm. 1853. 

Ah-89one, e»haSne, sh^^^OJI.G. ougsiuni; 
eyssight, Laj. 3093, 9703 ; exsene rel. 1. 103; 
out of his eighesene Trist. 245a 

di^ai^, sb., eyesight^ s. A. L. 164 ; iesiite 
MiRC 335. 

§h-alh8e. sb.^ eyest'e'ilf Marh. 17; eihsih^ 
A. R. 58 ; e3hesih)>e Orm. 1868. 

fiie-B6r« sb., tye-sore^ REL. 1. 1 10. 

Sh-)>iirl, sb., O.E. €ag-, eah^l ; window^ 
HOM. I. 83 ; ei^l A. R. 63 ; (ms. ey^l) 
Marh. 8. 

afthte, ahte, card, num., O.E, tSLhta^*^0,Frts, 
achta, 0X.G,, OJ/.G. ahto, Goih, ahuu, OJV. 



fttta, La/, octo, Gr, ixr^ ; eigh/, TUL. 60, 61 ; 
aehte [eahte, ehte] La|. 3919, 36503 ; c^te 
Orm. 580; eihte a. r. 13 ; eihte misc 145 ; 
taftt AYBNB. 45 ; egte gen. & ex. 1349; e^ 
WICL. John xz. 36; etjte and nienti Rob. 
63 ; fim & e^ 5^3; tAght^ [auht] Man. (F.) 
3714; eighte and twentithe Ch. C. t. ^ 5 ; 
eite LUD. Cov. 139 ; ahte CHR. £. 934 ; aughte 
D. Arth. 378 ; 1^ a. p. iii. ii ; aght Iw. 1438. 

•hta-tinab card, num., 0,E. eahtat^; eigh^ 
/Mff, La|. 18014*; aehtene 14353; ei^ene 
Rob. 407; eijte-, eijtene Trev. UI. 17; ei|- 
tene PR. P. 137. 

«i]to-'tSo|%, ord. nxasLf OJS. eahtatSo^; 
HpUetHih^ p. L. s.ziL 5 ; ^eten^ PROCL. 7 ; 
eitete^ ei)tete]ie, ei^ttene ROB. (W.) 1860% 
6490^ XX. 409*. 

•i|te-tl, card. nuuLt 0J£. eahtatig,-* OJi,G, 
ahtozug; eighty^ RoB. 393; WiCL. I KINGS 
zzii. 18 ; ei^ ' oc/oginta * PR. P. 137. 

eahtatfot ^ti^, ord. num., O.E. eahto^ 
-> OJf,G. ahtodo, Gc/h. ahtuda, OJFris. ach- 
tunda, OJ\l. ftttundi ; eigh/h^ hom. I. 81, 107 ; 
eihtu^eihteo^A.R. 14,336; ehtd^^c^e 
HOM. II. 47, 137 ; ehtende 87 ; eihteo)« Misc 
145 ; ei)tebe Roa 313 ; eightebe Langl. (Wr.) 
9538; egh^ MiRC 498; (MX. ehhtennde) 
Orm. 4196; ehtende ayenb. 10 ; Shor. 99; 
efftende gen. & ex. 1199 ; aghtend PR. C 

Mce, sb., 0.E, eaca,«aAr. auki ; addUion : 
t6 Ckan, in addiHan^ hom. II. 51 ; teken [to 
eke] Marh. 4 ; teken Orm. 747 ; teke [teken, 
to eke] A. R. 78 ; teke H. M. 35 ; f on tte 
SPEC 34 ; comp, fprtst-htHtob. 
Skm-nMonB, sb., - OJVi ankanafh; nicknamg : 
a vile ekename H. s. 1531; ekename, neke- 
name ^agnonun^ PR. p. 353. 

eal, j^/aL 

ealdy adj., O.E. eald, aid,*- O.L.G, aid, old, 
O.H.G. aJt, cf. Goth, aJ)«is ; old^ P. L. S. viii. 
3 ; aid HOM. 1. 1^9 ; Orm. 747 ; avenb. 104 ; 
Iw. 1556; MiN. iii. 19 ; he was fiftene )er aid 
La). 301 ; an aid men 18707 ; aid englisch 
Marh. 33 ; twelf winter aid Shor. 44 ; -old a. 
R. 6; o. & N. 35 ; eld, okl PR. p. 137 ; Ch. C. 
T. Z>i3i3; ki ealde la|e hom. 1. 9; eld OCTOV. 

S/.) 656 ; CD. 1656 ; s. & c I. li.; an eld cloth 
AV. 546; be ealde laweSHOR. 44; ]« ialde 
(ms. yalde) la^e ayenb. 7; iealde ims. yealde) 
97; )ni aide monslahe Marh. I3 ; pe aide king 
La3* ^959 I olde 3001 ; )>e olde man Brd. 3 ; 
ealden (dot. m. n.) Mk. ii. 3i ; aide [olde] O. 
& N. 1183 ; be ^ ialde laghe Misc 37; aide 
(pL) Qrm. 136; ba aide Laj. 38444; elde 
SPEC 95 ; LUD. Cov. 73 ; ealden (dat. pi.) 
Mat. v. 31 ; alden La). 6774 ; to olde [elde] 
men WiCL. Mat. v. si ; eldre (compar.) elder 
Orm. 13315 ; misc 58 ; )>e eldre [uldre] P. L. 
S. viii. 163 ; aeldre, eldere [eldre] La^. 3936, 
4390; uldere Rob. (W.) 750*; ealdre HOM. 
I. 33 ; oldran (pL) elders, parents RoB. 65 ; 



tan. 



I«5 



SH<Ht.97 i elderoi, idden [ddre] I^. 73S4> ' 
ISS16; nldeme KOB. (W.) 1495* ; dderRoB. 
fW.) 907' ; be eatdren B. H. 17 ; eldren 
LANQU Am. 34S: eldn uisc:. 46; or 
eUn HOM. 11. 43 ; udre ftst. 1. in i eldn* 
Ch. C. t. £6sj ddntu {pn. pi.) Kats. 
81 ; Kldcme Ij^. 139)3 ; eloeiBe Itmttitart) 
■Dts. R. L 6s ! «ldMt {mftrLy MK. x. 43 ; 
eldeate CBR. £. 433 ; atemb. 104 ; aldeste 
rddot*} L^ 3930 ; ealdestc h. U. 41 ; uldot 
ROB. (W.) 73a». 

•Id-ftdw, sb., O.E. eaM-, eddefeder.-'a 
/>>>. aid-, aldaftder, OJ^G. Mitda, O.H.G. 
sltfiiter; atutstor,grMtdfat]ur;faUur-iH-tam, 
tUpfatktr; 'mmr ' voc. 305 ; el(d)ladir 'mcw' 
PR. P. 137; ftld£kder li. H. 133 ; ealdefadcx 
Akol. VII, 330; aldevader La}. 31009. 

•aU-Uo, a^j., O.f. caldlTc ; o/oEuA : an oldli 
roan WlCL. Job xlL 33 ; aMallka [fido.) ORH. 
1319; alddi)3553. 

•Id-mMar, sb., O.E. ealdmSdcr; tatetstrtss, 
gnmdmcl/Ur; motlur-tn-lam ; 'avia' voC 
305; C.II.1189; eldmodir'jmrwj'PR.P. 137. 

■Idnaaat, ab., O.E. caldnyu; oltbuss; dd- 
neue Wid- deut. viii. 4. 
MOds, >b^ -^.^(7. oldc, O.A'. Old (fwt. aldar), 
<r0/A.al^(jf)M.aIdai3)/; 0/(/(v«:^sweorldet 
aid ORH. t>63t ; )>at him schiQ on calde (?- 
dde) sore icowe rkl. I. 184 ; for ^ kinges 
aide ('.^ vide) La). 19411 ; in olde S. S. 
(Wr.) 641 ; in to olde SHOR. 3. 



319; 



a (dW. 



M (>/.) ['primdptj'] Mat. ii. 4; 
r./Ml) uou. I. 331. 



aldar^Um, sb., O.E. caldordSm; prind- 
paHty, ORH. 18378. 

aldas^man, sb., O.E. ttXAarto»a,^O.Fris. 
aldirmon, mod,Eng. alderman ; ruler, vicert^, 
ORM. 14061 ; aldennon ^pritfafis' frac. 3 ; 
Laj. 1430. 

aldsr-Mlpe, sb., nmk of a ruUr \^prindpa- 
/■u'], HOU. 1. 319. 
Mldiwi, v., O.E. ealdian, cf. O.H.G. ahen, 
ahfin, Gctk. (us-)al^; grew old; iealdi 
AYXNB. 97 ; elden R. R. 3^ ; aldaS ( /r«f.) 
BOM. I. 3S ; eldeb Orh. 18836 \ aids {tubjS 
HOU. I. 31 ; ^d0da {pril.) Li). 3937 ; [mi 



bones) eldeden WiCL. PS. j 



L 3 i comp. ioit- 



aaWlnga, sb,, O.E. ealdung-; growing otd, 
AYKNB. 95. 
tarn, mm,^.,O.Eiam,'=O.Frit.l'«^M.Du. 
ooxa^ O.H.G. oheim ; uikU, La}. 8831, 8897 ; 
earn, em CRN. & RX. 1758, 3747 ; eom Sax. 
CSK. 361 ; em Hickks 1. 337 ; Hav. 1336 
OCTOV. (W.) 1379; Gow. II. 367; Witx. 1 
Paral. Mvii. 32 ; Man. (F.) 4133 j Gaw, 356 , 
H. ARTH. 1681 ; min em (ms. mi nem) TsiST. 
931 ; earn PR. P. 139 ; B. Disa 397 ; lem {ms. 
y«»)LsicUD. III. S3; Chest. 11.55; tmm 



(rm.) WiU. 3436 ; emis s, S. {Wr.) 1054 ; for 

the manere of thee her «ma (dai.) CH. TRO. 

(Bill) i. 1033 (yTtxi 1015 -iai em) ; laafl 

Ipl.) Pbrc. 10501 
e«n,i#ram. 
tea, adj., O.E. rge-)ean ; JtUtd] ina [eene, 

}ene] (pi.) Wio. PS. cxliii. 13. 
taneiii v., O.E. Canian,— 27w. oonen; yM)*; 

eiin 'Ate' PR. p. 140: Cnada iprtt.) Trsv. 

IV. 451. 
ter. sb., O^. ear, Nortkmmb., tiM,-iiJ^G. 

iz, OJi.G. ehir, ahir, Gotk. ahs, OJi. ax, Lot. 

acus(jiM.acens)«.; *ar\ef£om); ti'jpita' 

VOC 133 ; PS. p. 141 ; Ch.1. g. w. 76J Ian 

(Au.) Me. iv. 38 ; ere Aus. 797 ; iera (mt. 

yere) ayenr 38 ; lar (pi) Mat. lii. 33 ; caret 

A. B. 360; GEN. &KX. 3104; ereaROB.490: 

eoM^. oom-ftr. 

ter, terllahe, ut Br, 

Mtd, erd, sb., O.E. eard,- OX.G.ud, M.H.G. 
art; laMd,e9uiUTy,dwtUiiig\^regi^\, HOH. 1. 13, 
59{ Rrd L^ 39174 {tnitmitUn ard 13473) ; 
Orh. 1416 ; erd gen. & ex. 310 ; ute era is 
on bevene HOH. II. 149; aarda {dot.) A. R. 
358 ; ^ king of ^ssen eaide La). 7417 ; ^ 
com he to ^£a Krde )>er Uei his ftrde 19903 ; 
eide HOH. I. 115 ; Langl. B-n. voy; a. P. i. 
148 ; icb fare bom to min(e) erde a & N. 460 ; 
comp. Una-, mlddal-, Qtim aaid- 
erdofblo, i^,ptopl«, gen. & ex. iS8a 

eardieo, v., O.E. eardiao,— O.Z..£7. ardSn, 0. 
H.G.vnba; dwell, iMkabil: banemuhennawt 
somen earden in hevene H.. u, 43 ; erden 
Will. 5360 ; ardaat iprtt.) PS. ud. 4 ; eardW 
Marh. 9 ; erdedea Ipret.) Hou. I. 89. 
aardlng.sb., O.E. eardtu^; MaHtaJum; erd- 
ingKOU. II. 159. 

aardlns-atfiwa, th., dwM'ttg-piact, Mat. 
xviL 4 ; eardii^towe, erdingstowe a & N. 
38 i erdingstouwe Hou. II. 173. 

tere, sb., O.E. tan,—OJ^ris. in, OJ-G. fira, 
5re, OM.G. ora, O.N. eyia, Gotk. aiiso h., cf. 
Lai. auris/ ; ear, KaTH. 1734 ; bet earc, ieaie 
AYENB. 177, 189; iare HISC 36; acre Ork. 
3800 ; ere P. L. S. XV. 1 18 ; ere ■ Miris, atua ' 
PR. P. 141 ; Aaran (dot.) leechd. III. 90; 
Aaran, eaien (fil.) Mat. xiil 16 ; MK, iv. 9; 
caran, eaien, eren HOU. I. 33, 49, 137 ; earen 
Marh. 30 ; A R. 90 ; o. & K. 338 ; Horn 
(R.) 969 ; earen, xren frag. 5, 7 ; earen, 
ierra AYENB. 304, 357 ; eren Alis. 6448 ; P. & 
i54;eresMAND. 305; PR.a7S3; iresHoRN 
(L~) 959; jeres (— ieres) Halliw. 946; 
Aaran, earen {dat.pl.) MAT.xiii. 15; ix. iv. 
31 ; it com ^ kinge to ere RoB. 493. 
Sra-lappe, sb., O.E. iarlxppa ; earlap, RKL. 
1.54. 

8ar-piAbo, sb., O.E. earprion; earring, 
' inaurit,' FRAG. a. 

:, sb., earring, Wia. Job xlii. 11. 



1 86 



tere. 



fiart. 



^-wigge, sb., O.E, 6arwicga ; earwigs PR. 

P. I43*- 
tered, adj., from tare; eared (Jueving a 

hoftdU) ; crid WiCL. NUM. iv. 7. 
taren, v., from Sar; come into ear: atte 

crestemasse barlich beginne)» eere K. CoL. 

3o>3i. 
earewe, see arwe. 

[earfeSy sb., O.E. earfo^ earfe^ ■* OJV, erfi^, 
eifa¥i, 0,L,G, arbed, arbid, arbedi, arbidi, 
arvithi, O.Fris, arbeid «., cfi Goth, arbai^, 
OM.G^ arbeit/; labour y tribulation^ 

6«rfSBJ>-» earTe)>-n)>9 sb., O.E. earfo^lV; 
caUsmtty^ frag. $. 

earfoS, adj., C7.i?. earfo^ earfe^, « OJVl 
erfi^r ; difficult \ earf(e)¥ [erve^ Kath. 999 ; 
erve% [arve%] for te paien a. r. 108 ; aife]^ 
Orm. 17334 } erveSor (compar.) HOM. II. 63. 

arve8-flnde« adj., difficult to find^ HOBi. II. 

9jrT^tx3st^% adj., difficult to effect^ hom. II. 

131- 

erreV-heldeb adj., difficult to holdy P. L. s. 
viii. 157 ; arefe¥heald(e) HOM. II. 229. 

erreC-liolie^ adv., 0£. eaxfo^ce ; with diffi- 
culty ^ A. R. 328 ; arve^iche hom. II. 123. 

MunreS-y «rli»S»» erfbttnaMe^ sb., 0.E, ear- 
fo^ess ; difficulty y hom. I. 21, 105, 223. 

«rlW8-tell0» adj., difficult to county innumer- 
abUy HOM. I. 231. 

arveS- winner adj., difficult to win^ hom. II. 

49- 
ettmit sb., O.i?. eann,s(7./yTr. enn, OJ^G.^ 
OJI,G. arm, d7.A^. armr, Goth, arms, Ztf/. 
armus ; arm^ HOM. I. 189 ; erm 213 ; aerm 
[arm] La^ 28040 ; arm RoB. 17 ; Mand. 172 ; 
an arm of ^ se Trist. 2246 ; arum Hav. 
1982 ; earme {dat.) a. R. 112 ; earmea (//.} 
Iji^ 1872 ; Shor. 123 ; earmes, ermes A. R. 
394, 402; armes treat. 139; (ms. arrmess) 
Orm. 7616; nrmen, armen (dat, pL) \^\, 
;i233, 21869 ; arme Misc 150. 

erm-Mdre, sb., brachial veiny a. r. 258^ 

arm-holey sb., orm-^/f, armpit \ (xytr..harm-) 
voa 245. 

eann'y amiy sb., OmE, tstTiny^OJL.G. arm, 
OJ^ris. erm, 0.//.G. arm, O.N. armr, Goth. 
arms ; poor^ miserable, H. M. 9 ; aerm on his 
mode La). 6608 ; earme steorve Marh. 12 ; 
)»et acrme folc Sax. chr. 253 ; )»e arme gume 
RSL. I. 186; his erme saule HOM. I. 27; 
earme (dat. n,) hom. I. 35 ; ermne {ace. m.) 
115 ; earme (pi.) p. L. s. viiL 115 ; arme o. 
& N. 537 ; nrmeet (superl.) Laj. 14893 ; 
earmest Jul. 53 ; deriv. ermen. 

arm-heorted, adj., tender-hearted, mercijul, 
ilOM. II. 95. 

armhertneeaet sb., mercy, hom. II. 95. 
erm-lic, adj., O.E. earmllc ; poor, miserable, 



hom. 1. 115 ; aermliche bi^rungen Li^ 9435 ; 
grmlfehe, armliche (dot. pi.) hi^ 593, 1046. 
earmingy.sb., O.E. earming, erming, yrmins^, 
^ MJHi. arminc, ermine; poor, miseraMe 
creature; ^ erming sauten hom. I. 41; 
erming frag. 7 ; maikede him . . . erming (a 

S^per) HOM. II. 61 ; o. & N. mi; aerming 
^ 16690; earmingee (pL) misc 69 (erm- 

inges HOM. II. 230). 
earmtte, sb., O.E. earm^, erm^ yim^,» 

OJI.G, armida ; misery, H. M. 27 ; erm^ 

Mk. xii. 44; HOM. I. 113; aermre La). 

16143 ; arm)>e REL. I. 182. 
earn, sb., O.E. earn,-* MJ^G. am, O.N. dm, 

(gen. amar), cf. OJi.G. aro (gen. aren), Goth. 

ara (gen. arins) ; eagle, a. r. 134 ; aem La). 

2826; Orm. 5880; em Hav. 572; Will. 

3105; OcTOV. (W.) 196; Launf. 268; am 

AYENB. 61 ; emea (gen.) rel. I. 209 ; ROB. 

177; earhea ipl.) a. r. 196; acmes, ames 

[eames (ms. hearaes)] La). 21753, 21755; 

ernes Man. (F.) 10202. 

eamieiiy v., O.E. eamian, cf. MJht. amen, 
emen, O.H.G. amen; eam\ emien HOM. L 7; 
ame N. p. 14; eameS (pres.) H. M. 19; 
eamie )e HOBf. I. 41 : emede (pret^ HOM. 
II. 5 ; earned (ppU^ Kath. 2255 ; comp. 
^t of-eamien. 

eaminge, vbL n., O.E. earning, eamang; 
earning, merit, misc 60 ; eminge P. L. S. viii. 
32 ; emunge hom. I. 19 ; eamingee (pi.) P. 
L. s. viii. i6i-. 



^ see 

east, sb., O.E. Sast, •- OJ^ris. lUt, MJ)u. 
oost, OM. aust(-ina¥r) ; east, H. M. 1 1 ; east 
(/>f the east) and west feor and neor i do 
wel iaire mi mester o. & N. 923 ; ^t ieast 
AYENa 124; bat aest & west & su]> & nor^ 

tis middelaera bilaken ORBi. 12125 ; verden 
eo aest [est] (eastward) La). 10590; est 
^oriens* PR. P. 143 ; GEN. & EX. 829; toward 
^ est Brd. 2 ; est and west P. S. 331 ; i 
shall walk eest MIR. PL. 172. 

.Aat-Mngle, pr. n., O.E. Eastengle ; East- 
Angles, LA3. 12253 ; Estangle Rob. 4. 

Aat-dale, sb., O.E, eastdael ; eastern part, 
Orm. 1640a 

Aat-ende [taateande], sb., O.E. eastende ; 
east-end, La). 28305. 

tat-^t, sb., east gate, HOM. I. 5 ; est^ate 
Trev. IV. 451. 

Aat-halve, sb., O.E. Sasthalf ; eeut ^art, 
La^ 29287. 

taat-lond, sb., O.E. eastland ; the east : alle 
\t. meistres weren in SaUonde (dot.) Kath. 

(E.) 535- 

taat-partie» sb., east, east division, Mand. 
156. 

tat-riohe, sb., the east, HOM. II. 45. 

tat-ade, pr. n., 0,E, eastss ; east sea, p. L. s. 
xiii. 18. 



tost. 



187 



pr.n^ 0.E, Eastseaxe; Essex^ 
Misc 146; i£stsa» [Estsex] La|. 15390; Est- 
8exRoB.3. 

Act*ride, sb., Mst-ndiy L^ 21798 ; estside 
Rob. 3. 

test-ward, adv., O.K. Sastweard ; Msiward^ 
FRAG. 5 ; estward Brd. 3. 

tet-^nrind, sb., Mst-wind^ PR. P. 143. 

teaten* adv., O.E. £astan,«EC>.A^. austaiii 
0,L.G, ostan, dstane, dstana, OJI,G, dstana ; 
eastward \ esten fro ^(n) CBM. & EX. 1264; 
A. R. 232 ; Man. (H.) 45 ; bi este Horn (L.) 
1325 ; p. L. s. xviii. 2 ; Cram be caste Shor. 
122. 

tester, sb., O.E. tester (/'(m.gastres,//.eastro) 
n.y eastre {pL testran, testron),^ OJf.G.dstm 

ipL ostrun)/ ; Easter\ ester Brd. 7; ^aestre 
easter] wes asox^e La^ 24195 ; aster MiRC 
143; itetre (^.) AYENB. 213 ; ananeaestere 
Li^. 2414^ ; astere Aud. 41 ; £d. 3140 ; 
testre \pf^ Mat. xxvi. 2 ; eastren Mk. xiv. 
i; eestem ^pascha^ PR. P. 143; testrsn 
{dat.pL) Sax. chr. 256 ; befor estren E. w. 
40 ; m estem (ms, esteme) gen. & ex. 329a 

tester-dei, sb., 0,E. €asterdaeg, ■> OM.G. 
tetertag; Easterly ^ HOM. 1. 123; esterdei 
A. R. 412. 

teter-§T«ii, sb., O.E, testersfen; Easier- 
eve^ A. R. 70 ; HOM. II. 95 ; estereve Trev. V. 
189. 

teter-fbste, sb., Easier-feasi^ Rob. 441. 

testsr-lic, adj., O.E, easterllc, « OJi.G. 
dstarlTch ; Easter : fram ^ esterllohe (dai^ 
deie HOM. I. 89. 

teter-lomb, sb.,=6>r. osterlamm; faschal 
lamb^ Ed. 88. 

teter-morewe, sb., ■> Ger. ostermorgen; 
Eiuter mornings SPEC. 96. 

teter-ttd, sb., 0,E. testertid (treat. 6) ; 
Easter-tidey HOM. I. 87; estertide Will. 
1417 ; Ar. & Mer. 2849. 

testeme, adj., O.E. easteme; eastern: of 
sesteme (t ms. aestene) weorlde La^ 27393. 

eatel, see atel. eaten, see eten. 

teS, adj., 0,E, ea¥e, e¥e, y^ {'fosy^ desert\ 
■■ O.L.G. 5thi {ea5y)y OJi.G. odi {easy^ desert)^ 
O.N, SLvdfT (empty) f Goth, aubs {tfpfifun) ; easy, 
Kath. 626 ; HOM. 1. 279 ; xp Orm. 13012 ; eS 
him wes on heorten La^ 2234 ; ^ wes his 
hurte ae¥e 8178 ; an his mode him wes ^ ae¥e 
22359 ; is ... e% to overkesten A. R. 274 ; eb 
Rob. 327 ; Gow. 1. 60 ; MiN. v. 47 ; Man. (H.) 
194 ; eth Will. 3571 ; e)>e Gaw. 676; a. p. i. 
1201 ; Ch. Tko. v. 850; bli¥e hi bie)» and 
ea^e Hickes I. 224; teCe {adv.) HOM. II. 
173; ea¥e meiht tu beon prut A. R. 276; 
eafe, ie^ p. l. s. viii. 143; ae^ Orm. 17676; 
ebe Horn (K.) 61 ; c. l. 1281 ; i^ Horn 
(L) 57 ; ef'ere {compar.) Lk. v. 23 ; hwae^er 
is e¥re to scggene Mk. ii. 9; mid e^ran 



ledene FRAG. I ; yt 9^ {easier) )it9caX\y 
La^ 22100 ; comp. un-teSe. 

^bftte, adj., easy to amende HOM. II. 63. 

teS-liiiUe, adj., easily overcome: ho is ea^ 
fidle (v. r.for c^fallen), a. r. 62. 

^t$-lSn6» adj., easily felt^ A. R. 194. 

9^-gete, adj., O.E, te¥gete ; easily goi^ MlSC 

74. 

^t$-healde, adj., O.E. e¥hylde; easily held 
[*contenti% Lk. iii. 14. 

^lftte« adj., lightly esteemed, P. L. S. viii. 
37 ; ]« o^ mannes wif was lei^ his awene 
e%lete 130. 

^6e*lio, adj., O.E. iaXt-, €¥e-, y¥eIIc,»(7JV: 
atr^igr; easy^ Ught, trifUngy HOM. I. 21; 
c^lichJUL. 13 ; on e^elich stiche A. R. 282 ; 
^urh cliche dede Las. 24921 ; for ae^ike 
gilte Orm. 10172 ; e^5efiche & wake HOM. I. 
255; e¥eliche men II. 35; ApelQ (adu^ 
Orm. 12534 ; be S)>eUk6ste (superl.) ston is 
cristal Fl. & BL. 274. 

^ItUce, adj., ecLsily pulled, Jul. 7a 
ted-mdde, sb., O.E. ted-,ea¥m€du,B (7.Z.tz. 
5dm5di, O.H.G, 5t-, ddmuoti ; frace : yoA 
hb aedmeden La). 10013; and ^eomeden 
Ai^Sures gri% & his a¥meden 21866. 

ted-mfidOy adj., O.E. tedmgde,» OJL.G, 5d- 
mddi, O.H.G. otmaoti ; humble: )>e edmeda 
riche HOM. I. 115. 

M-mMt adj., O.E. ted-, teVmdd ; humble^ 
gracious, ^humilis,* PRAG. 3 ; A. R. 158; MISC. 
141 ; ed-, admod hom. II. 89, 187; he was 
aedmod & milde Orm. 2887 ; adm6de {pi.) 
HOM. I. II 5 ; mid aedmode woiden La). 22422 ; 
we ahte to beon be ddm6ddre (comi.) hom. 

I.S. 

Admdd-le^, sb., humility, Orm. 19297. 

tedm6d-liohe, adv., O.E. tedmddllce; 
humbly, graciously, HOBf. II. 141 ; edmod* 
liche A. R. 94; ae^modliche La^ 26288; 
aedmodli) Orm. i io8. 

tedxnOdnesse, sb., O.J^.Sadmodness; te- 
mility, graciousness, HOM. 1. 17 ; edmodnesse 
A. R. 8 ; MISC. 193 ; aedmodnesse Orm. 19218. 

U-mddiy adj., O.E. eadmddig ; humble : 
^ edmddies (gen.) monnes bonen a. r. 246. 

^t$-ste6^ adj., easily seen, plain, Kath. 381 ; 
eVsene, e%cene a. R. 1 16. 

^winne, adj., easy to win, hom. II. 49. 

teSien, v., ease ; sCede {ms, e^S^de) {prei.) 
his sorge GEN. & EX. 1439. 

teS-mddien, v., O.E. eadmodian ; humble ; 
tedxnddieS {imper.) A. R. 278*; (he) Sad* 
mMa(de) {pret.) hine seolfhe hom. I. 17. 

ten, see A. eanl, see aweL 

eaver, see ever, tew, see A. 

[tewen, v., O.E. tewan, eowan, lowan, lewan, 

ywan, ■> O.Fris. auwa, O.H.G. ougen, Goth. 

augjan ; show ; comp. »t-tewen.] 

eaz, sb., O.E. eax, aez, acas (Mat. iii. 10), *» 



O.N. Ox, OJ^G. actu, OM.G. achat, CatJt. 
kqia; axe, a. R. 384; eax, aai La}. 3313, 
6473 ; sx 'iteuru' FRAG. 4 ; axe voc. 196 ; 
Orm. 10063 ; Rob. 17 ; u [axe] WiCL. Mat. 
iii. 10 ; Ch. L. G. w. aooo ; u voc 334 ; 
o. & N. 6s8; Hav. 1894; LKC. 47; s. s. 
(Web.)3B4>MAHD.35i; F-S-au; ex PR. p. 
144; B. DISC iiSo; Ma« {dot.) La). 3310; 
■zan {dot. fil.) La). 7478 ; comf. bol-, brid-, 

hUld-, WiHMX(-«X). 

[«ftx, tb^ a£. eax, - OJi.G. absa, Z^. axis ; 
or/e.] 
ax-trto, sb., axU-lru, JDL. 56; xxttc MlRc 
334; ax-, extre WicL. kcclus. xxxiii. 5 ; extie 
voc 180; PR. p. 14J ; Ch. astr. L 14. 

«UCl«, sh, O.E. caxl, - OJ^ris. axle, O.N. 
dxl, OJ~C ahsU, 0.//^,6^. ahsU, ahaeU, 
abula. Lot, axilla ; ihotUder ; exle, exle LA^ 
3363, 18033 ; aaxl* (/)/.] lkechd. III. i3o; 
Lc XV. 5; exlan Mat. xxiiL 4; axeles 
['j'ir.i^/fr'jps.xc.4; he hit berVan his eaxlun 
HOH. I. 345. 

•bwi| sb.. Lot. ebenni, Gk. I^ooti tiotiy, 

PR. P. 13s. 

•bbe, sb., O.E. ebbo, OJ^'rii. cbba, ebbe ; tU, 

Aus. 6184; Cu. C. T. ^359; Man. (F.) 

"317. 
•bbin, v., O.E. ebbian ; «M, PR. P. 135 ; ebb« 

LUD. Gov. 56; ebbe or flowe H. t. 131; 

«bb«S(^rM.)KEL.1. 138; ebbe^ TREAT. 137. 

abbtncs, vbl. a., e^ng, hobL II. 177. 
flbore, stt Sbois, 
to, jMtao. 

•000, sb.. Lot, £chfi ; itha, pr. p. 135. 
fob, set alghwUo. 6ahet tee ieha. 
iobe, adj., O.E. <ce ; eternal. Mat. xix. 16 ; 

Kath. ya; a. r. 108; rel. I. 130; Orm, 

971; o. Sl n. 1379; eche reste Hickes I. 

334 ; ^t eche fiir FRAC. 7 ; in eche {for ever) 



(dat.f.) AngL. V 
iolw-lio, adj., O.E. iccllc; eternal: ¥eo 

echeliche riche hom. I. 139 ; II. 33 ; Kath. 

3387- 
Aoha-lieliA, adv., elemalfy, FRAG. 7; HOM. 

I- 139. 
SouMaa, sb., O.E. Ccness, ^cnyss ; eternity , 

MaRH. 7 ; Kath. 664 ; echnesse Lk. i. 33 1 

HOH. I. 109, 3$! ; echenesse A. R. 144. 
fiohe, sb., ?— take; tincrease: wi^ute wane 

and eche Shor. 10. 
eohed, sb., O.E. eced, aeced, = O.Z.C 

from Lai. ac£ium ; vinegar ; Kched LK. 

36 ; »ah«de {,dat)'1^K■^. xxvii. 46. 
iotaen, v., O.E. Scan, ycan,'^ O.L.G. okiaii, cf. 

O.H.G. auchon ; from O.E, *fiaaan (ppU. 

4acen), Cort.aukanfjJrrf. aiaQk),ifl/. augere, 

mod.Eng. eke ; imrease, augment, a. r. 124 

to echen ^n ahte R. s. v ; echan Lk. xii, sj , 

Kchen [eche] Lav 13065; eche Rob. 199; 



spic 91 ; Shor. 38 ; Aus. 6os6 ; Wicu 
BCCLU& xviii. 5 ; echen, Aiea HOM. II. 31, 
57 ; eken Orm. dsd. 57 ; eke Man. (H.) 
176; PR. c 3356; «eb0 (Axf-) Cu. TRa <. 
705 ; ecbe% HOH. 1. 103 ; dtes [' adjieiet'\ PS. 
xL 9 ; ikad (fple.) pi. cr. 344. 
•(diliig*, sb., adOUicn ; dctng WINT. VIIL 
viii. 53; Gow. II. 13; i sbal pottc iqioa 
DiboD -*"*■< T" (^.} Wici- Is. XV. 9. 

•chin, sb., Lot. echinus, Or. ('xtm; ediima 
tea-urckin ; «»■<""«« ipL) Ch. Bobt. iii. 
{8a). 

fiobneoM, see aana w B urndtr Mba. 

aolipsBtSbL.^r.ecIipse; eeUpse, LanGI- Cxxi. 

140 ; csclcpis [clipes, clip{Hs] c U. 16814. 
aolipas, v., etHfiu ; Mdlpaon {fres.) Gow. II. 

>S3- 
•eliptik, adj. and sb., uUfitic : the ecliplik 

line Ch. astr. i. 3i (13) ; a Utitude fro the 

ediptik ii. 4 (19). 
Senen, tee aaonem. 
[0d>, pre^, O.E. ed-, Goth, id-, O.N. iV-, O. 

//.C.it-i agmm,bMk.'\ 

td,M»awL 

tddar-wort, tee under addra. 
Bddeat, ediat, adj. superL, t_^ oddist, set 

od; t disUnguUhed in var, D. TROY. 5334, 

S9JO. 
eddre, M« addre. 
Addze, sb., O.E. sedre, zddre,-= O.Fris. eddre, 

a/f.i;.&dn;T'n>i;(flM.heddre)REl.II 373; 

Mdran (fil) a. r. 358 ; camp. •rm-Addrau 
dde, M< Aoda. 
edera, sb.. Lot. hedera; ivy: crownid with 

edera WiCL. 3 Macc vi, 7 ; eder JOK. iv. 6, 
ed-gftn, v. ; icb scbal . . . undervon^n deaVei 

wunde and ich hit wulle heoneliche voito 

ofgan [edgan C] ^ine heoite A. R. 390. 
ed-gr6(w)e, sb., prov.Eng. cdgrow, ed- 

growth; afiermaih, PR. P. 135. 
ed-heald«n, v., rrelain; edhalde (f/or et- 

halde) HOH. I. 149. 
6di,«vS«dL 
edifloation, sb., a building; edifloaolouiu 

(fil.) Trev. I. 405. 
edifien, v., Fr. edilier, from Lai. aedificire, 

mod.Eng. edify ; build, mate, form [■ edifi- 

care'], WiCL. GEN. xi. 8» ; edifie Langi- B 

xviii. 43 ; WlCL. DEEDS XX. 31 ; adlflcdo 

(pre/.) the rib Into a waman GEN. ii. 33; 

ede(iede an auter viii. 13. 
[e<li8Ch, sb., O.E. edisc, edew; /or*,] 

Mlii(h)-heime, sb. [' eotumix'], ps. civ. 40. 
edit, sb., OJ^r. edit, La/, edictumi editt: 

Rob. 568. 
[ed-Ieohen, v., O.E. edlxcan; nptat; eomp. 



ed-Un. 



mtt, UOH. I. 103. 
MidM, JM MdinM MM^ AalL 
MllMM, M» MMErrlad. 
•A^lrit, lb., O.E. edwn,- 0^.(7. edwt^ <;n4l 

Uvdt, OJ/.C. it-, itawli; r^n>aeh,Mam*: >et 
edwit A. R. 108 ; edwit ROBi 379 ; aedwit Li^. 
5837 ; bUc in edwitc O. & K. 1333. 
•dfVlta, v^ O^. edwltian, rf. Golk. idvdtmn, 
CkH.G. Hwlifln; nprvack, Mamt, LanGU B v. 
370; ?. L. s. iv. 8 ; «diritaS (prts.) uoh. I. 
•53 ; edwitHS, edwiten h. u. 37; adwlto {twij.) 
A. R. 436 ; edwtU WiCL. KCCLUS. viik 6 ; «d- 
wltod (prel.) Langu Cvii. 411. 
•A'w\\Am[,th.,rtproatk,UamiHg; edwiting 
{var. r. upbreiding) Wicu wisD. v. 3*; 

BOCLUS. vL 1*. 

••, itt jMjo. eek, ut taa. eect, tti «Mt. 
•am, set Awn. eet«, su M«n. ef; w/ IC 
aftOi adj. lUN/adv,, 0.£. efen, emn, ein,'^ O. 
Frit.Kvtn, ivep, f7JV. \aia, O.H.G. eban, epan, 
GMA. ibns ; even, efua/, OXH. 1840 ; e<ne & 
imeVe A. R. 3 ; ^ ia efoe wi« ^ HOM. 1. 309 ; 
Me wiV cfee heorte ^ dom 305 ; y^r seal be 
bd);e beon Khe [efne] ^ lo]e L^ 33918 ; 
bk Kfiw wiht of golde 3083s ; etc . . . enes o 
dai & evene (Jiat) GOe hou. II. 67 ; evene 
dom C I. 490 ; evene juge Ch. C. T. A 1864 ; 
^t make^ ^e ml emne ayenb. 151; 
•n emne tftiaJfy Shor. 7 5 ; a] an evene 
(fNw/^)ROB.(W.)9s6^; ene ^issen worden 



•TCoUdMS Ifm.) HOM. 1. 113; cdtM^. }a- 



, . , Beduer heo s 



I La^ 15939 i he 



if attoe al *wa heore Ivf 13934 
«fbe foiV rihten (r. rihte) 33773 ■ >cb tinge 
ttat O. & N. 313 ; evene GEN. & EX. 331 ; 
Will. 747; ^t i> evene above ^n beved 
TREAT. 133 ; to here him evene Ch. C. T. A 
1533; vn. tarihiiueorttiiigic) mi tmgbt333i ; 
em forth mi wit CH. TRO. iL 997 ; evene for) 
wi^ |>i lelve Langl. (Wr.) 1 1637 ; evene weren 
}t endct two leg. 48 ; whan be da) and ^ 
nijl be^ evene TREV. I. 335 ; ^t ben evene 
wlpaungeli ['aefuaJet OMgtlu simi'\ WiCL. 
I.t. sx. 36 ; eomp. an-elhn. 

•ftn-ald, adj., O.E. efeneald, - OM.G. epan- 
tiH\oftk* same agt, Orm. 18605; evenald 
{mi. -bald) H. U. 41 ; evcnold, .eld 'c»<uta~ 
tutu' PR. p. 143. 

•rm-orlstsne, th., /elloiu^hristiaH, hom. I. 
55; Langl. (Wr.) 3353 ; evenaisten c. l. 976 ; 
ciAcristene Hicees i. 333 ; emcriiten avemb. 

lO. 

«fai-idh«, adj., 0.E, efenCce; cotUrtial, 
Orh. 18583. 

•T«n-hida, tb., tpdty \^ tuputM^ Wio^ 
rs.x.8. 

•ftn-ta«b, adj., O.E. dKabit»h,~OJI.G. 
ebenbdh ; tqttaily high, Orm. 15730. 

•TWi-kB^ »h.,filiow-sot£er ['ctmum'Hto '], 
Wici. Philip. iL 35. 

, v., O.E. efenlKcan; rtsemilt : 



gnne-la&gtta, sb., O.N. tafnlengV ; / tgtdmox, 

GEM. & IX. 147. 

«T«n-Uo, adj., O.E. denllc, O.N. iafnlipr,— 
<^M. ibnaleiki ; ffwi/, Oru. 1837; evelicfae 

HISC 90; gcvelic RKL.I. 313; GEN. & EX. 

383 ; oTonllebe (adv.) rel. 1. 173 ; E. W. j i 
evenli Wicl. Job ix. 33. 

cflm-niahtl), adj., tguaify tiiighiy, OrM. 
18571. 

atef6itta,adj.,— a/f.Cebenman; 0/ tht 
sams siMs,09M.y>^; evenmete P&idviii. 13. 

iilbimaMii. tb., O.E. efcnnyu, emncu; 
tfuity ; evennette [' atfiatas '] Wicl. dkut. 
ix. 5 ; evennea ps. x. 8. 

etei-ntaU. ib, itsigMatir, uOH. I. 17. 

eftn-rika^ adj., tqtially pewtrM, Orh. 
11868. 

edm-MTTannt, ib., fiUtmr-servaiit, WlCL. 
Apoc xix. 10; •vsoMrranntU {pi.) Mat. 
xviiLa8. 

•ftn-vonkarc, ib., itvihtr, WiCL. 3 Macc. 
ix.39. 

•TOi-wor^. adj., egtiivaltiit, WiCL. JOB 
xxviii. 19. 
Bfbn, JwUbn. 

afonling, eTenUng, ab., 0£. eTenling; 
equal, HOM. I. 57, 67. 
eftosto, see Onrte. 

BSbot,sb.,Za/. elftctui; tffttt, fruit, pitrpose\ 
the swete eAecte of Aprclle flouies P. L. s. 
xxxi. 67 ; mi purchas is th' effect of al mi rent 
CH.C.T.i>i45i ; to tellen bcm theflect of his 
entent E 1398 ; took efiect Cu. BOET. j. 4 (15). 
effl»otiul, adj., efeetual; cfiectued CCL C. 
T. 271870. 

eflbotuftl-U, adv., efftcttiaUy: effectuali 
Wicu E. w. 388. 

Bffbotnda, adj.. Lot. eflectuteus; efftetiuU, 
APOL.55. 

cObetooiu-U, adv., effKhtaUy, LUD. COT. 

380. 

efltoioe, sb, tfficaty, a. r. 346. 
dBonrfln, v., go out of hloom : of 

(prts.) {'dejLrrescil'^ Pall. iii. 8a. 
efltai, sb.,— afltal ; terror. Bard, xi 350. 
effk«leii, v.,-«A«yi «A»Ut {ppie.) Barb. 

vii6io. 

effUBoidii, sb., Mspersitm, Chest. 93, 
•tOe, tb., OJV. dri ; a^lity, nature, A. R. 6, 

3»; on mannei efene UOH. II. 137; after 

bis evene a£Ctrditig to Mis aMi/y HOH. I. 

187 i bi his evene Kath. 57 ; bi bere evene 

p. s. 157. 
tltunty.,0.E.t6iaa,ef.0J/.i»biM,0J/.C.eba.- 

nOn, Go/k. (ga-)ibn]an ; render tvt», equaiiu, 

ORH. 1396 ; evenen U. H. 19; WiCL. I&zxviii. 

35 ; evenin ' aeqtu ' PR. P. 143 > onni avenb. 



190 



efben. 



i6 ; tbktV, even^ {^ta.) A. K. 83, 1 ^9 ; onre 

loverd him sUf him evene|i to so^ue ^en 

BzK. 1639; eAiada (>fYfL) A. R. 136; alusd, 

evened {/:ple.) hoh. II. 103, 311 ; evened PS. 

bucxviii. j; temp. )B-«flMau 
■*^"g, lb., O.N. iafbingi ; efual, KOU. L I91 ; 

A. R. 183 ; e&ing, efenhiK ORU. 10703, 10991 ; 

evening KaTH. 119; o. &N.772; M1XC1339; 

^ nevAJe on eor^ non evening HISC 95. 
6Dn, sumtn. 
eft, adv., O.E. eft, ^-O.L.C, O.Fnt.eft; 

afterwards i again, KatH. 1449; OrK. 181 ; 

RSL. I. 335 i CRN. & RX. 1169; C L. 751 ; 

'WlLi-883; Lanci- Axvii. in; Gow. II. 
964; Ch. C. T. <4 1669; Mand. 14 ; Wia- 
GRN. xvii. 9 ; HoccL. 1. 408 ; xvric mon seal 
eft mowen bi ^n ^ he nu sawe% HOU. 1. 1 37 
dtide hit eft & eft A. K. 366 ; wanne he come ef 
1^ Rob. 330 ; and ever eft be was lame b. 
DISC 477 ; eft, sft Laj. 3364, 644; ; efte ROB. 
(W.) 3638* ; and eft afine {eftsoont) cume ^ 
to o. & M. 831 ; ef sone Rob. (W.) 1896. 

eft, sb., 1^0.E, Kfest, scfst; fmaUft; eft 
and ni^ and felounie u. u. 130; eft and 
nitbe and felonni 135; iowes hauis eft and 
nitbe at me for the ferlikes that i Idthe 35. 

eRer, see mtux. 

eft-adoe. adv., ue under aft. 

eft-white, v., f repay, TOWML. to6. 

§g, see a. 

egsl, >dj., OJ^'r. esgal, egual, igal, Avm Lat. 
(equalis; egva/; under ioure ierde egal to 
nun offence Ck. Tro. iii. 88 ; egftUe (pi.) 
CI. LOVS 1041 ; E. C. 401. 

esal-li. adv., m/A eguamMtly, imfariialfy, 
CT. LOVR 365 ; agrcablcli or ^ali Cu. BOET. 
ii. 4 (43). 

egalitd, sb., O.Fr. e^ut^, egalit^, Lat. ae^uS- 
litas; evenMestofmtnd,eguaiutiiity\ she is as 
these maitires in egalite Ch. C. t. / 949- 
^alite Ch. BoeT. iL 4 (43). 

me,e^6,sb., 0,£.ege,OJV.agi=OJf.G.egi *•-, 
for Goth, aj^s H. ; awe, terror, HOU. 1. 99, 1 13 ; 
lufe ne ft>r^(«u. e;|e) OKH. 4481 ; a}he 7185 ; 
eige Mat. xiv. 36 ; eige, age gen. & ex. 433, 
3550; ei«, aeiie, eie, eaie La). 4733, 9136, 
9139, 33881 ; pene mucbeloe xie [eie {ms. 
eyej] 16143; eie P. i- S. viii. 140; Mark. 
S; A. B.418 ; Fu & Bl. 303; p. S. 196; eie 
BEE. 383; REi. 1. 116; Rich. 3609; u. s. 38; 
^u haddest of him nan eie Man. (F.) 38^ ; 
awe 1850; eie, xit Sax. chr. 361, 366; aghe 
TOWNL. 30; ; ahje LEG. Cath. 86 ; aighe Ar. 
& Mer. 465 ; of wham men stonde^ aie Fbr. 
40S ; aie, awe Alis.' (Sk.) 1343 ; awe 'pavor, 
terror' pr, p. 17 ; Hav. 377 ; CH. C. t. A 
6j4 1 HocCL. i. 3S3 ; for love ne for awe 
Will. 5430 ; aue c M. iBojo. 
ei-Ibld, adj., haughty, Rob. (W.) 7739*. 
fl-flil. adj^ O.E. eg^ ; aw/xl, Kath. 40 ; 
ubeliil Orm. 7173 ; elfUUe (pi.) word HOH. 
11. 81; aheAillc develes 1.371. 



eglptisoh. 



qt-Uta, adj., O.E. egeleai,-OJV. a_ 
awttesi, faatiesi, Orm. 6191 ; ^lei GAW. 
3335 ; KleliM (>/.) L^ 19410. 
■1»-Uate, t\i.,Jearletenesj, LA). 19391. 
fll.Iiah,adj.,-0.//'.^.egilIh; lerrM4,w.(M. 
II. 5 ; ^hlich Gaw. 136 ; ejeliohe (adv.) 
A. R. 56* ; ^i A. P. iL 937. 
fi3e,fM«^& 

^ede, adj. (etymology unttiown, tf. Agede) ; 
/oolitk, sitfy; for nawt ne ^uncne hit hire 
^ede H, H. 39 ; his egede orbel Marh. 11 ; 
hwu egede \m« is orhd a. R. 383 ; (printed 
a gade) S. S. (Web.) 3638. 
Sjern, adj., 1—O.JV. igiam; lajcivmis; 'fia 
oref is swi¥e ^;erne HOH. II. 37. 
[meae, eiae, sb., O.E. <»eM, egsa,-OX.C, 
uJi.G. egiso m.; terror^ 
«^e»«il, adj., O.E. egesfuU ; fearfiil, ter- 
rible, La}. 17^3 ; eisful hoh. 1. ti t ; Marh. 
9; (printed ^^v!^ A. R. 19a 
ela-Bo, adj., O.E. egeslic,=CJJL.G. egidic; 
terrible, frag. 3 ; hom. I. 87 ; eisliche wihte 
P. L. S.riiL 143 ; eiseliche HOU. II. 67. 

egge, sb., O.E. tx.g,=OJ^ris. Kg, OJV. egg, 

OX.G. ^gia, OJ/.G. ekka, Lat. ades ; e^, 

'aeies,' PR. P. 136; Lj^ 5303; Oru. 6639; 

Aus. 1371 ; B. DISC. 1933 ; WiCL. Hebr. xL 

34; L.H.R.136; mid swecffdes^^ A.R.60; 

under a wode egge JOS. 47s ; }c hijett of ^ 

eggei A. P. ii.451. 

•BhaUmse, adv., edgewise, U. Arts. 3S76. 
■BKe-tAI. «b- edge-tool, WILL. 3755 ; GOW. 

11.351. 
eesed,adj., O.E, ecged, •= OJV. eggiaVr ; ^ged, 

Man. (F.) 7863 ; a . . . knif iegged in ei^ 

side Rob. 310^ 

Kgemeot, sb., from esK«n: itieilement: 

thurgh wommanes eggement [egment] CH. 

C, T. B 843. 

^gen, v., O.N. cggia, ef. mod^Eng. egg on ; 

*rovoke,incile,k.v..Mfi; ORH.ii8i9i eggin 

'incito' PR. p. 136; eggetl (pres.) Rel. I. 

131 ; eggwle (fi-el) LKB. Jes. 897 ; Trev, 

IV. 93; ewed Will. 1130; PR. c 5483; 

Adam and Eve he eggede (heggen) Co (don) 

ille Langl.^ i. 63 i ^giden['/r«i«iw«M<(f/'] 

WiCL. DEUT. xxrii. 16. 
%g<g\3:B^,\\A.a.,eggingon,initigation,K.9L.. 

83 ; eggiinge, egginge h. m. s ; egging Orh. 

1167s ; A. P. "■ 341 ; PR. C. 5487. 
eggen, v.,=M.I>u. eggtaen, OJi.G. eckan; 

^•1)« ; harrow : eggen ober hanran Lancl- 

tvi. 19. 
egbelinge, see under «Bga. 
Bgipoi4a, sb., Egyptian, WlO.. DEEDS vii. 34. 
dgipetone, sb., gypsum, voa 94. 
Bgipta, pr. iL, Egypt : of Egipte londe BOH. 

I. II. 
eglptlBah, adj., O.E. egyptisc; Egyptian; 

^am egipdssen folcbe (r. folce) uou. I. 87, 



9^B, sb., OJ^. c^le, aiglc ; t^it, Mahd. 48 : 

Ch. C. t. a 1178 ; egle is era Man. (F.) 

I37S7- 
•gUoha, adj., O.E. seglteca, a^KctfrMd, 

valioM/; knihtes egleche REU I. 170 (iU9C 

103) ; tleije men and ^leche s. a. l. 14B4 ^ 

fcfdi wu egleche ROB. (W.) xx. 135. 
ejlsn, f w «dl«a. 
•^□tier, sb., OJ^'r. eglenter, eoglcDtier; 

tglatUiHt, Mand. 14. 
9^^, Mlj., O.Fr. cEre, aigre ; eagtr, RoB. So: 

RBI. II. 377; WILL. 51536; Ch. C. t, E 

1 199 J Wici- PS. cvi. 1 1. 
egn-Uoli, adv., eagtrly, Langl. B xvi. 64. 
Mpren, v., O./V. ai^er; urvt, txcitt: egren 

him to done felonies Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (141) ; 

he . . . egerd (firef.) him with D. Troy 7339. 
ejte, tee Mhta. fijte, see Ahta. 6he, jm 

amifi. ebto, .te^ MUito. Able, ue Ahto. 
ttiton, v., a£. Shun ; perttattt ; ?egte CBN. 

& EX. 470. 
Chtoro, sb., O.E. Shtere; 'persecutor^ 

FRAG. 1. 
ehteode, see eahtuSs, 
•i, \iA.,'~Af.H.G. t\ ; alas; ei CH. C. T. A 

5768 ; ei god avenb. 105 ; ci what is me 
loccL. i. 393. 

fit, egg, sb., O.E. xg, O.N. tgg,-O.H.G.n; 
egg;e.y, O. &N. 104; Rob. 404; Gow. III. 76; 
Ch. C. T. £ 4035 ; WICL. Lk. XL 13; LiDG. 
M. P. 304 ; S. & C i. xxix ; ci, ei) LBG. 124, 
135 ; non eij (its. no nei}) Will. 83 ; ei, ai 
GAH.610; aig Lk. x. i, 13; ai Aus. 56B; 
Trist. 3167 ; Man. (H.) 175 ; ei, eg PR. P. 
136; «• (i*u. eye) {dal.) treat. 133; ajar* 
[0.£.iegru,»0./^.(7.eigir](//.JLBECHD.III. 
134; eiren A. R. 66; P. I- S. xii. 60 ; eyren 
AYBNB. 178; Mand. 49; Lidg. h. p. 39; 
L.&C7; egges Langl. Jx.i.343; s. & c 
II. Ivi ; lir igen. pi.) mongsr, egg-seller, 
T. L. 8. xii. 69 ; ein (da/, pi.) o. & N. 106 ; 
comp. ftdal-, gSa^L 
•l-sohallo, sb., egg-sMell, Aus. 577. 

tAtSeemoL 

[ftie, sb., O.E. eg, \z,-M.I>¥. d, O.N. ey/; 
islattd\. 
U-lond. sb., O.E. Eg-.Igland,- J/JPw. eiland, 
O.N. eyland; island, rel. L 33o; eland 
Man. (H.) 77 i ilond La), 1133"; Ocrov. 
(W.) 539 ; iland Trist. 1024. 

eie, see vfo. file, see fiaja. eier, see hair. 

ei], see M. 

tAifi, see vyt, dije, see fi^a. 

eijto, eihte, see aahta. eisteoe, see ebtaUue 
uiuitr aafa^ eihte, see Ahte. 

fiihwSr, see alhwfir. iiland, see under file. 

eile,sb., O.E.egl/. (pffin/, Mo/ straw) cg\A 
{earofeom)yoci&,c/d..G.aiiit/.{arista); ear 
of com, bit 0/ straw, 'acus,' Halliw. 343: 
lb eigle I'Jistucam'} Lc vi. 41 ; ellan (pi.) 
A.K.37a 



el-. 191 

elle, adj., O.E. egle^^Gotk. aglus; grievous, 
paiujul: eile and hard c. l. 33^ ; eile Bsv. 
513; )at water wes sturoe and eite (ms. eille, 
r. w. sei)e) heore ^te swi)ie eille [cil] of 
eeVelene hire &edere Lj^. 3381 ; eil H. M. 
as- 

•ile,sb..-c;^A.agl6(ni^); ^tutrd^Iesse 
eile to ^n uen a. r. 5a 

eilen, v., O.E. eglan,— Goth, (us-)aj^jan ; ail, 
autuy, be p<diUul, A. R. 376 ; RICH. 3639 ; 
eilen Orh. 4767 ; cili H. u. 47 ; ella8 (pres!) 
Kath. 1699; what eile|i)«FBR. 1560; Ch. 
C. T. B 1081 ; i wot wel what siknesse )ou 
eile^ Langu £vi. 359; «Uia [suM:) a. r. 
41S i ^ eisfiil wiht bet hit ne eile [eili] me 
nawiht MARH.-9 ; eUede {pret.) Will. 951 ; 
■lied {^e.) Gaw. 438 ; Mm. ix. 38. 

eimerl, eimbre, sb., O.E. emerge, O.N. 
eitnyija; ember, 'pruMoi PR. p. 136. 

eir, set air, aire ont/hslr. 

eire, see Iren. 

eire, sb., O.Fr. em, ef. mod.Eng. 'justiges in 
eyre ; ' svrifiness, journey : alle the 8ote com 
wib gret eue Man. (F.) i486 ; as {« ssipes 
wip gret eir [heir, ire] come toward londe 
Rob. (W.) 1183 ; ^ eire of iustise RoB. (W.) 
10647. 

eiride, JM Crtde. 

siren, v., O.Fr. errer, oiirer ; Journey ; aires 
{pres.) D. ARTH. 1339. 



eifle, see alae and ayemt. elMllah, see elels. 
eiflien, v., O.E. egesian, egiian, ^ OJ/.G. 

c^isdn ; terrify : ^ti. he his men eisian ne der 

hoh. I. III. 
•isil, ab., O.Fr. aissel ; vinegar, a. r, 403 ; 

C. L. 1150; eisel R. R. 317; MiRC 1S84; 

AuD. 64; eiseL aisel WlCi. NUM. vi. 3, Me. 

XV. 36 (v. r. vinegre); C. H. 18019; alallae 

{gfu^ John xix. 39; mid cisile (earlier 

version ecede) Me. xv. 36. 
fiit, sb., rO.E. IgoV; ait (ryot), small island: 

^ Kit Laj. 33873. 
Ut-lond, sb., swtall island, La). 1117. 
eitete)>e,eiteti, eitet>e, see ai)ta-t9o)>a under 

■ahte. 
eiK sb., O.E. cgeV^, }-MMu. egede, Jf.L.G. 

^ede, eide, OJ/.G. egida; Aiarow; el]>ee 

(pi.) Langl. Cxxii. 373. 
difwr, see M8er. 

ek, see fiao. dke, see Sake, dken, see ikaa. 
fiken, tee fiohan. Aking, see fiohlnc. 
eker, sb., some sta-monster : thei woneth in 

water iwis with eker [v.r. ikei] and fisch 

Aus. 6173 ; akezla (pi.) 6303. 
okoi, tee itMnma. 
[el-, O.E. el-, Kl-, ele-, ^ OX.G. eli-, OJ/.G. 

eli-, el-, GotA. alja-, Lot. aU-, Gr. axXi*-.] 
el-hioirad, adj., changed in colour : his leor 

dca^ch ant blac ant dheowit uou. I. 349. 



193 



eK 



•l»■laBd^ lb., O.E. de-, dlende, 6jf.G. 
cli-, ellcnti; {txiled)foragfier; aliande';^- 
t>wm;r'FR.P. 9. 

ale-l*Bdls, •Undls, adj^ O.E. ddendisc ; 
firtigH ; (mm. helendis) uoh. 1. 79, Bi. 

•1-mordl, adj., O.f. elreordig; sitah'ng 
Mather langua^, barhanms : cIfcotw \J ms. 
wdreordi) feond Laj. 25658. 

•l-))ftod, ab., O.E. eVflxtd ; fi>re(gn nation: 
foralModaas (/m.//.) gold La). 3337. 

•1-SBimU. adj., a£. el^CodiK ; .fanign, a. R. 
348* ; ftl^eodi psag. 3. 

•1-)>«ch1Im, adj., O.E. elbtedisc ; >rn^, 
La). 3301 ; MlStodlMM (/i/O MAT.xxvii. 7. 
61, C7.£. £1, - C?./f.f;. U, OJV: Ul ; al, 
' OKguilla,' PR. P. 137 ; filM (/I/.) AUS. £792 ; 
Mamd. 161 ; eliiL.cc. 50L 

U-BW, sb., MJht. aelgbeer; ul-tpear, 
'Juidna,' PR. p. 138. 

0lbow«, «M MHd»r ■liw. 

61oh| M» Blchwilo. eld, see Mid. 

Ud,sb., a£. x\iiA,^OJ-G. eld, O.A^. «ldr; 
^, HOH. H. 358. 

aide, 9b., O.E. eldo, seldo, yldo. c/. O.L.G. eldl, 
O.H.G. eltl, altl, OJi. elli/ ; >wr Mid ; agt, 
HOH. II. 35 ; Oiuf. aoi ; gen. & kx. 705 ; 
Rob. II ; SPEC 48 ; Shor. 168 ; AVBNk. 69 ; 
Will 5337 ; Langl. Jxi, 43 ; Ch, C. t. A 
«447; Hand. 393; Wicl. Le. L 36; a. p. 
ii. 657 ; PR. C 1513 ; clde me ha^ oveicome 
L. H. K. 33 ; fiftcne ^r )ian was bis elde Man. 
(F.) 9744 ; on hire elde Lk. i. 36 ; ich vas of 
swuche elde a. r. 318 ; wimman of elde (of 
op) Hav. 3713; elde, ulde p. 1. s. viii. 9, 
188 ; aelde [ealde] L^ 35913 ; iil)« (for ulde) 



Udeii, v., cf. OJ/. dda; Jrom ild; UgM a 

firt \ P eildcn gsh. & EX. 3893. 
•Idern, adj. T/rom, eompar. o/mi\fi. ; elderly, 

ancUnt: eldeme manoes late Oru. 1313; 

miq eldrin folk of juen lede C M. 18016. 
•Idsra-Uolie, adv., efold time, Exi. 353. 
filding, lb., ff. OJf. elding, Scotch eldin ; fuel, 

C. M. 3164 i eliding ^foeaW PR. p. 136. 
eldUMM, JM aaldnoMe. 
•Idringee, ab. •pX^ parents, ayenb. 35. 
die, ab., O.E. ele m., ele, ct3it,-=0Jf.G. oli, 

olei «, O.L.G. olig, Goth, ale, O.Fr. oile, 

uile; fivm Lot. oleum; oil, frag. 8; Okm. 

13353; SuOR. 41; eli HICKES I. 339; eole 

Kath. 3513 ; eoile h. h. 45 ; eoU Marh. 

A. X. 330; olie GEN. & EX. 1548; oli p: 

8 ; oile, uile AYBNa 93. 
«le-eAw. sb., oil, Orh. 8667. 
•lebre, sb., O.Fr. ellebore; ktlUbort, fr. f. 

138; PALL.i. 1044. 
•laoolovn, ab., OJFr. election, Lai. electi 



d*eHon,eMaof^Hmu,'a^i.\oifjp\ Mahk 



tune* ASTK. iL 4 , 
aleot,5b.,</MM»*; eieaWurr.ixxzvii. 141; 
. electea H. E. d. 
•leot,adi.,«/Ki; eleckteCHSST.1. 313; eleot 

(sb.) bishop elect, Wint. ix. xxvii. isi. 
eleotre, ib., OJ^r. eleutre, Lai. eiectnim ; a 

metai, WlCI. Ez. L 4, 37. 
elegesDOe, see anlecautoa. 

. lb., O.Fr. element; tUwutU\ •!•- 
(jW.) treat. 138. 
[filen, v., O.E. Klan ; bum ; cemp. Mi-OeB.] 
filenge, filengUoh, dlengenM, see Uenge. 
Alet, sb., O.E. «led ; fiul, uoif . II. 1 19 ; Bbv. 

3088. 
eleraolonn, ib, O.Fr. elcvadon, cskvation. 

Lot. eievltio, mod.Eng. elevation; aitiltid* 

above the horUon, Ch. ASTK. ii. 33 (33). 
elent, adj.,'z^. eiev&ttu; tleuaUd, CH. 

ASTR. ii. 33 (33). 
eUie, see alib. 

Sli, pr. n., O.E. Ellg; Efy, ROB. 6. 
dUen, v., M.H.G. alen, olen r ottMni; die 

SuoR. 41; Ueda (pret.) Rob. (W.) 5339; 

Uled (*M. iheled) (pple.) RoB. 457 ; he wca 

icnmcd and ieled La;. 31941. 
tillnge, th.,—MJl.G. Sluage, olunge; oit~ 

ing : ^ laste elinge extreme, unction MiRC 

533 ; eliinge Shor. 41. 
^i&ant, ue oUttnt 
elite, sb., election : ^ pape wild not consent, 

he qoasaed ber ditc Man. (H.) 309 ; alitaa 

[pi.) IBID. 

eliteil, s.,from elite; elect: Cretua . . . HU 

Eaeu afterward elit (pret.) to wed d. TroY 

1490. 
ellsme, sb., O.E. ti\axn,—MJ^G. dhotn, 

alhom ; elder (tree), ' sambuctts,' voc 140, 

i8i;helren(/>rdrni) 163; dleme[helderne, 

illern, eller] Lancl. A16S; ddir PR. P. 137 ; 

seehmme. 
elle, see elne. ellen, see «ln». 
ellee, adv., O.E. dka.-O.Fris. dies, 0.//.G. 

elles, alles, Goth, aljis; else, Oru. 7983; 

Will. 11^3; Mand.s; pr.ci38i; Hoccl. 

it 33; m ienten and dies [dlisj LANCL. 

BvttOL. 91 ; summe qve¥en aelles [dies] 

Lai^. 893; dlii SACR. 311; ellM hwar A.R. 

78 ; ^f beo oubl elles uoderstode O. & N. 

663 ; ellM hwlder lokin UOU. I. stii ; dies. 

whoder P. I- s. xvii. 549 ; hellaa-lnrat hok 

315. 
eUeren, jw andlavan. 
elm, sb., O.E. dm,- 0.//.G. tlm,c/.OJV. almr; 

elm, ' ulmus,' PR. p. 138; trans. XVIIL 34; 

Ch. C. t. a 3933. 
•Imeestt, sb., O.E. xbnesse, _ftvm Gh. Af«- 

pHTvnt; alms, A. R. 333; AVSNB. 17; doa 

dmesse HOH. 1. 37 ; ehnesse to wurdien II. 



elmesse. 



BIL 



T93 



59; almesse LANGL.\^iiL 75; Ch. C. t. 
^168. 

elme»-dMeb sb., almsdeid, HOlff. I. 135; 
almesdede R. s. iv ; P. l. & xvii. 38$ ; c u, 

11350- 

almae-dJseh, sb^ B. B. 139 ; almairtianhiMi 
(pi.) Trev. VIII. 183. 

elmes-ftily adj., charitabU^ HOM. I. 143; 
almesful hom. II. 85 ; Oric. 9931 ; BsK. 
X674 ; Langl. Cvii. 48. 

elmes-^eom, adj^ charitable^ HOlC I. 43. 

Almeii-moii, sb., almsman^ La). 19662. 

almefi-wero» sb., aimsdeed^ Orm. 10118. 

elnOy sb., 0,E, ellen, cf, OJiXj, ellan, ellen, 
ellin, O.L,G, ellen, ellean, ellien, Goth, aljan «., 
OJVl eljan, eljun / ; strength^ comfort^ hom. 
I. ai5 ; Marh. 10 ; a. r. 106 ; u. m. 27. 

ellon-lABy adj., comfortless^ Orm. 10908. 

elne, sb., 0,E. ^^OM.G. elna, elina, O.N. 
5ln, alin, Goth, aleina, Lot. ulna, Gk.\ iXhni ; 
^//, Aus. 2750; an elne'long SPEC. 35; an 
elne (printed a nelne) brod D. Troy 170 ; 
dne, die PR. P. 138; elle Octov. (W.) 934; 
elne (//.) gen. & ex. 563 ; elnen Rob. 429. 

el-bowe, sb., O.E. elnbogsit^ OJ/.G. elin- 
bogo, O.N. aln-, aibogi; eldow, frag. 2; 
dbowe treat. 139. 

eln-^rde, sb., ell yardy Gaw. 210; elne- 
jerdee (//.) Rob. (W.) 8834. 

elle- wand, sb., ell^wcmdy PR. p. 139. 

elnen, v., O.E. elnian,«£).A^. elna, OJI.G. 
ellindn, Goth, aljanon; comfort^ hom, I. 215 ; 
A. R. 10; elnede (pret.) Kath. 672. 

elning, elnung, sb., O.E. elnung ; comfort^ 
HOM. I. 185, 201. 

elongaoioan, sb.. Lot. SlongSitid ; elongation^ 
angular distance^ Ch. astr. ii. 25. 

elp, sb., O.E. dp, elpend, cf. M.H.G. dfant ; 
elephant^ rel. I. 223 ; alpee (gen.) ban 
(ivory) L. N. F. 248 ; see oliiknt. 

dlpi, see ftnldpi). 

elring, sb., f « M.H.G. erling, cf. Ger. elritze ; 
a sort of fishy f minnow : als the quale fors wit 
the elring m. h. 136. 

eleiny see aleene. 

elten, v., OM. elta ; knead, GEN. &EX. 2892. 
elyene, see alfe. em* see am and e&n. 
dm, jr^ dam. - emang^ see en. 
iSmatte, see &mete. 

embassade, sb., O.Fr. embassade ; embassy ; 
business or message of an ambassador \ 
DREAM 1993; now mi imbasset i have seid 
to you LUD. Cov. 77. 

embassadrie, sb., embassy, Ch. C. t. B 233. 

embe, see umbe. 

embelif, adv. & adj., O.Fr. en belif ; oblique- 
fy ; oblique; not at right angles : under 
ttie cerde of cancer, ben ther 12 devisiouns 
cmbdif Ch. astr. i. 20 (u) ; embelif cerde 

O 



iL 26; embelif drisonte • • • embelif angles 
iL 26. 

embe^Hmk, see toibe-)>ana 
embir-daiy see fimbrl-. 
emb-ai^tleny see toibesniSen. 
emel, emell, see meL 

emeraude, sb., Fr. emeraude; emerald, SPEC 

26. 
emerandee, sb. pi., O.Fr. esmeroides, from 

Lot. haemorrhoioes, Gk. alfioppoid€s ; emerodsp 

REL. 1. 190 ; PR. p. 139. 

dmete, see &mete. 
emfatpf for eftn torp : see etaL 
emne, emnen, see efen, efhen. 
[emnetten, v., O.E. enmettan ; Ji^om efhen ; 
make equal; comp. je-emnetten.] 

emi>ar&le, sb., med.Lat. imperiilis ; imperial 
(a coin) : for emperftlee (//.) that were not 
smale 1 bought him thare Ocrov. (W.) 191 1. 

emperioey sb., empress, Sax. chr. 264 ; Will. 
5343 ; Trev. IV. 189 ; emperisse Shor. 117 ; 
emperesse (emperasse) Rob. (W.) 9064. 

emperie, sb., O.Fr. emperie ; empire, Roa 
85 ; Trev. III. 73 ; enpir Man. (F.) 3068. 

enii>eroiir, sb., O.Fr. empereor; emperor, 
Rob. 46; Will. 5251 ; s. s. (Wr.^ i ; aum- 
perour LEB. Jes. 393; saints (Ld.) 344; 
aumperourea saints (Ld.) 248. 

empiri, sb., Fr. empyree, ffrom Gr. Ijfinvpot; 

empyrean: )>is heven is cald empiri PR. C 

7761. 
emplaetre, sb., O.Fr. emplastre, from Gr. 

(ffurXaarpow ; plaster : make an enplaster 

Slater ver. plaster] upon the wounde WiCL. 
S. xxxviiL 21. 
emplaetren, v., Lat emplastr3.re ; plaster 

over, gloss : als fair as ye his name emplaetre 

(v. r. unplastre) (pres.) he was a lecchour ClL 

C. T. E 2297. 
emprise, sb., O.Fr. emprise, emprinse; enters 

prise, Ch. C. t. A 2540 ; c. M. 9802 ; Octov. 

(W.) 1060,769; Gow. I. III. 
6mti,adj., O.E. emtig, fimtig,aBmetig; empty, 

^vacuus,' PR. P. 139; HOM. II. %7', Kath. 

393; ayenb. 143; emti [empti] Ch. C. t. 

A 3894 ; emti, amti Roa I7» 50 ; empti A. R. 

156; M. H. 151. 

6mtien, v., O.E. aemtian, aemtigian; empty \ 

empte Ch. C. t. (7 741 ; )>o fet dmteb (pres.) 

^ herte of hire guode ayenb. 58; emptede 

(pret.) Trev. VHI. 89 ; aemteden Laj. 30408. 

6mtingeySh.,emptying,*evacuatio,* PR.P. 139. 

en, see dan. 

en, prep., cf O.Fris. en,-: in; in, on : en Ed- 
wardes kinges de^e Angl. VII. 220 ; en mang 
among Sax. chr. 261 ; en ende hom. 1. 227 ; 
en Enge(l)londe CHR. E. 336, 480 ; en middes 
Parten. 870 ; ene fe )>ridde dai misc. 199 ; 
e mang Townl. 22 ; CM. 7364 ; e mange 
c M. 14342. 



194 



en% 



[en-, pnef., O.Fr. cn-,«in-.] 

en-amelen, v., for aznelen; enamel \ vxiBr 

mxSi»^{ppl€^'^K!Si>,^\^\ enamildPR.c8902. 
enamuren, v., 0,Fr. enamourer; enamour i 

enamored (^i^.) Man. (F.) 9367. 
enarmen, v., 0,Fr. enarmer; arm ; enarmed 

i^l^.) c. L. 1351. 
enbaiasingyBabaahinffe, Ch. Boet. iv. i 

(109). 
enbanen, v., t fortify \ enbaned (pple^ 

under be abatailment Gaw. 790; enbaned 

under batelment a. p. ii. 1458. 
en-batailen, v., frmn O.Fr. batailler ; make 

battlements J entrench i walled welle with 

highe walles enbatailed (fple.) R. R. 136; 

whan that he was embatailed Gow. I. 221. 
enbaamen9v.,£).^r.en-,embaumer; embalm, 

anoint; enbaumed {fret.) Langl. B xvii. 70. 
enbeluief v., OJ^r, embelir ; embellish^ Gaw. 

1033- 
enb^nen, v., f baste (in cookery) : with ^Dces 
of eiren enbtoe (imfer^ it L. c. c. 27 ; enbene 
hit wele withe ^i ri^t honde 26. 

enlnbing, pple^ imbibing, Ch. C. t. G 814. 

enblannohen, v., OJ^r. enblanchir; render 

white : enblaonohed (ppie.) with bele paroles 

Langl. ^xv. 113. 
enblemiaohen, v., AJFr* emblemiss-i emble- 

mir ; make ill, infect : 00 lepre left unheelid 

mai enblemissche mani folc WiCL. s. w. I. 

281. 
en-bldwen, v., inMre\ enbl5wld {pple.) with 

the spirit of retorik WiCL. PRSF. EP. I. 77. 
enbrAoen, v., £)./>. embrader; embrace^ P.L.S. 

XXV. 113. 

enbr^yen, v., 0,Fr. embrever; record; en- 

bxidved (fple.) a. r. 344. 
enbrdohe^ v., 0,Fr» embrocher ; fut on the 

spit, L. c C 35 ; enbrdohid (pret^ 34. 
enbronden, v., embroider; embrouded 

(ppU,) Fer. 553; Ch. C. t.^ 89; enbrouden 

QUAIR 152. 

enbiiflOhe,v., O./r.enbuscher; lay in ambush, 

Man. (F.) 986; abueohid (pple.) Will. 3633. 

enbii80hement» sb., ambushment, Haluw. 

333. 

enoens, sb., OJ*'r. encens ; incense, Ch. C. t. 
A 2277. 

enoenaen, v., 0,Fr. encenser; incense; en- 

•eneede {pret.) leg. 81. 
enoenaer, sb., 0,Fr, encensier; censor; 

enoenseres (j^L) WiCL. num. iv. 7 ; encen- 

sers EX. xxxvu. 16. 
enoenti, see ensenten. 
enoh&cen, v., 0,Fr. enchacier ; drive away : 

enchase P. R. L. P. 45 ; ench&oede (Pret,) 

Fer. 2906. 

enohantementy sb., O.Fk enchantement ; 
' enchantment, Rob. 10 ; an enchauntement 
SAINTS (Ld.) 248. 



enoorporen. 

enohanten^ v., O.Fr. enchanter; enchant; 

enohannted (pple,) Langl. i9ii. 41. 
enchannterease, sb., female enchanter, Ch. 

Boet. iv. 3 (123). 
enohanterie, sb., enchantment : }o )w derc 

adde iseid his enchaunterie Rob. 10; en- 

chanterie 148. 

endhantour, sb., OJ^r, enchanteor; en- 
chanter; enchanteor Rob. (W.) 668; enohan- 

tonri (//.) P. L. s. xxL 122. 
enohai^n, v., OJ^r. enchaiger; charge, 

enjoin : vertue is enoharged (pple.) • . • to 

you Ch. Boet. v. 6 (178). 
enohanfen, v., cf 0,Fr. eschaufer; become 

warm : enohaide (/r^fi.) Wicl. Job vi 17. 
enoheiadn, sb., OJ^r, enchaisoun; occasion, 

cause. Will. 3697 ; encheson, enchesiin Roa 

III, 452; en-, ancheisoun ayenb. 47, 205; 

ancheisun A. R. 158 ; enchesoun Bf. God 61. 
enolinannt, adj., inclining, prone, Wicl. xx. 

xxxiii. 22 ; Man. (F.) 5320. 
enoline, sb., 0,Fr, enclin ; salutation : made 

his endlinea (//.) D. Arth. 82. 
enoline, v., OJ^'r, encllner ; incline, Ch. C. t. 

^3092; A. P. L 629; enolinede (pret.) 

p. L. s. xvi. 159. 
enoloien, v., O.Fr. endouer; « adoien; 

lame, obstruct; endoie (Pres.) Langl. C 

xxi. 296^; endoied (ms. endoyde) (pple.) 

Halliw. 333 ; see adoien. 

encldse, v., enclose, Mand. 84; encldeed 
(pple.) Will. 2220; adosed Shor. 145. 
enddser, sb., a setter in metal : alle craftese 
men and enddeere (pi.) Wicl. 4 kings 
xxiv. 14, 16. 

encluden, v.. Lot. includere; include; en- 
dadeth (pres.) Pall. iv. 435, 337. 

encombermenty sb., 0,Fr. encombrement ; 
trouble : saved yam aUe fro )wr encmnber* 
ment Man. (H.) 148. 

encombranoe, sb., encumbrance, Mand. 284* 

encombre, sb., O.Fr. encombre; trouble: 
withouten encombre Man. (H.) 189. 

enoombren, v., encumber, tire, PL. CR. 483 ; 
enoombri]? (Pres^ Hoca i. 355 ; enoombred 
(pple.) Langl. Cn. 31 ; Ch. C. t. A $08; 
see also aoombren* 

enomnbeiing, sb., trouble : alias this is a 
grete encumbering Man. (H.) 117. 

encombrous, adj., O.Fr. encombros; cum- 
brous : hard matere is encombrouse for to 
here Ch. h. f. 861 ; ful encomberouse is the 
usinge COMP. M. 339. 

encontre, sb., O.Fr. encontre; encounter, 

ROB: 391 ; acountre Halliw. 17. 
encontre, v., O.Fr. encontrer; encounter, D. 

Arth. 1320; enoountrede (Pret.) Brd. 19; 

acuntred Will. 3602. 
encorporen,v.,Z^.incorpor§.re ; incorporate*, 

enoorpored (pret.) Trev. VI I L 285; 

oorporlni^ (pple.) Ch. C. t. 6= 815. 



enoonife. 



endOren» 



195 



enoorsifey Bdu/rom OJ^r. encorser ixrow 
fat) ; faitened\^ incrassatus% Hamp. PS. 516. 

enoreeSy sb., increase^ Ch. Tro. it 1332; 
encresse iv. 1229; encrese p. R. L. P. 27; 
encres Gow. I. 215 ; encres or incres ^incre- 
mentumi PR. P. 139; enorteis (//.) WiCL. 
PROV. iv. 9. 

encrdseOy v., O.Fr, enrreistre, Lat. incres- 
cere; increase \ encrecin PR. P. 129; to en- 
cresse in Goddis service WiCL. s. w. I. 358 ; 
encresse Ch. C. t. B 1068 ; wel fele i alwai 
mi love encrease Ch. Tro. ii. 549 ; A. P. i. 
958; ever enduire and ever encres Misc 218; 
for to encrecen her richesse B. R. 5739; 
encrese Will. 683 ; mai God encrese our feith 
WiCL. s. w. 1. 94 ; encrcsce Langl. B xi. 389 ; 
emer^Mde {pret) Trev. IV. 191 ; encreest 
P. R. l. p. 211; incresed Ch. Boet. iii. 6 

enordohen, v., 0,Fr. acrocher; approach: )>ai 
schal comfort encroche in ki^s ful moni 
A. P. iii. 18; D. Arth. 3213^ delit )>at his 
come enor6ohed {PreL) A. P. 1. 11 16. 

end, see and. 

endamagen, v., OF'r. damagier ; Ch. Boet. 

i. 4 (15)- 
endaanture, sb., taming x huo )iet tek^ colte 
endaunture ayenb. 220. 
ende, sb., 0,E. ende, cf. OJ.,G, end! m., 0M» 
endi, endir m^ 0»H,G. endi, enti m. »., 
Goth, andeis m, {ibcpovf vipas^ rcXo^ ) ; end^ 
district, territory, Oku, i<)y26; Langl. -5ii. 
100 ; se ende Misc 35 ; hit ne me(i) . . . neoine 
nan ende hom. I. 265 ; ben ende a. r. 208 ; 
bene ende rel. I. 175 ; pane ende Fl. & Bl. 
819 ; ^ ende ^t tu ant neo habbe% in ierdet 
Marh. 16 ; ech man . . . wende hom in his 
ende P. l. s. x. 41 ; have an ende Ch. p. f. 495 ; 
hwonne come ich to ende A. R. 204 ; at fen 
ende leg. 181 ; in eche ende Rob. 34 ; ^ hit 
was ibrou^t to ende P. L. S. z. 64 ; ende, sende 
[eande] La). 243, 27505 ; to ende bringe C. L. 
7&^\ aende Lk. L 33 ; -procl. 3 ; jpnde (for 
iende) H. s. 2347 ; £d. 1846 ; Egl. 961 ; 
endea (^/.) La). 7835 ; enden (dot. pi.) 
Mat. XXIV. 31. 

ende-da^ sb., O.E. endedse^; dayofon^s 
death, Orm. 7665 ; endedaei L^ 3720 ; 
endedai Bek. 1963 (1973). 

ende-land, sb., O.N. endiland ; f adjacent 
land, Orm. 17916. 

emde-ldas, adj., O.E, endeleas; endless, a. 
R. 146; endeles hom. II. 169 ; Gow. II. 231. 
endelemea, sb., 0,E, endeleasnyss ; end- 
lessness, PR. c. 8122. 

end-li, adj., M.H,G, endelTch; final, 
Partxn. 4011. 

ende-ilSy sb., death-journey, GEN. & EX. 

3777. 
ende, see and and enede. 

endeinOy v., Lat, indignari; be angry, in- 
dignantf WiCL. Is. Ivii. 6; ne endein 

O 



iimper,) mi lord ex. xxxii. 22 ; endeineden 
(pret.j^l.) wiSD. xii. 27; endeined (pple,) 
Job xxiL 2. 

enden, v., 0,E. endian, «= OJ^, enda, 0,L,G, 

endon, 0,H,G. endon, enton ; end, a. r. 24 ; 

Orm. 3254 ; endie misc. 192 ; endi ayenb. 

no; ende h. h« 243 (247); Greg. 243; 

A. P. ii. 402 ; endet^ endel^ (pres.) o. & N. 

943 ; endede (pret.) LA). 8187 ; ROB. 32 ; 

comp fill-, ^-enden. 
endunge, sb., O.E. endung, = CH.G. en- 

dunga; ending, Mat. xiii. 39; hom. I. 71 ; 

endinge A. r. 428 ; Kath. 292 ; ayenb. 31 ; 

ending spec 59 ; PR. c. 3772. 

endlng-dai, sb., flast day, S. B. w. 14. 
endenten, v., med,LcU. indent^Uie ; fix in : 

towrres endentid (pple,) with presios stonis 

Tor. (A.) 227; ben ame )^i mto the vine 

anon the dai witn derk endente a. p. i. 627 ; 

endent 1012. 
endentinge, sb., joint, rabbeting; endent- 

ingia (//.) WiCL. I PARAL. xxii. 3. 
endentur, sb., medJLat, indentura ; crevice, 

A. P. ii. 313. 
ender, adj., latter, last past: \\s ender dai 

SPEC 60; AN. UT. II ; p. L. S. xxvi. 2 ; S. s. 

(Web.) 1080 ; Will. 3042 ; Gow. I. 45 ; PL. 

CR. 239 ; \\s ender niht c M. 45j5i ; ender 

ni^t Ar. & Mer. 917. 
endetten, v^O,Fr. endeter; indebt\ endetted 

(pple,) Ch. C. t. (7734 ; andetted A. R. 126. 

en-dirken, v., make obscure : no wickednesse 
shal endirken it Ch. Boet. iv. 3 (120). 

endite, v., OFr, endicter, endlter; indict; 
indite, Trev. IV. 213 ; Ch. Q.T A 2741 ; adite 
Rich. 1174; indite *indicto' PR. P. 261; 
and doggez to dethe endite Gaw. 1600. 

en<Uter, sb., inditer, writer, secretary, en- 

ditera (//.) and writeris WiCL. ESTH. viii. 9*. 

enditinge, sb., style of composition,^diciamenf 

indictacio; PR. P. 139; ALEX.* (Sk.) 243; 

enditing CH. astr. prol. {2).. 

endiye, sb., Fr, endive ; endive, PR. P. 140. 

endleven, card, num., 0,E. endieofan, ellefan 
= O.Fris, andlova, elleva, O.Z..(7.ellevan, OM. 
ellifu, cfi Goth, ainlif, O.H,G. einlif; eleven, 
Rob. 298 ; endluve gen. & ex. 1921 ; en- 
Icvene [ellevene] WiCL. Lk. xxiv. 33 ; onleven 
Rich. 2725; enleven (eollcve) Laj. 23364; 
bi aellevene by elevens 14531 ; eijleve Degr. 
342 ; clleven c M. 18870; elleovene FRAG. I ; 
MISC 55 ; elleve Bek. 489 ; aleven P. R. L. P. 
216. 

endleofta, ord. num., O.E, endleofta, ellefta, 
^O.N. ellifti; eleventh, HOM. I. 117; endleft 
{misprinted -lest) Alis. 57 ; endlefte Ro^. 
270; eoUefta Misc 146; elicit M. H. 26; 
ellevend PR. C 4798. 

endoren, v., 0,Fr, endorer; varnish; en- 
d6re (imper.) hit with ^olkes of egges L. C C 
37 ; endoured (pple,) pigions B. B. vj^ 

% 



196 



endoren. 



enginen. 



enddrexiy v.,=ad5ren; €uiore\ i forloine mi 

dere eiid5rde (fipU.) a. p. i. 368. 
enddsen^ v., 0,Fr, endosser ; protect^ guard : 

ye and i agans the feinde are welle endooat 

(pple.) TowNL. 166. 

en-doMten, v., see dtXten ; daubtf fear : if i 
ne hadde oBdouted (ppie.) me R. R. 1664. 

endowen, v., endow ; the gode vertues that 
the bodi is endowed (pple.) with Mand. 352. 

en-diien^ \.jfrom 0,E. drdo;en; suffer: shuld 
. . . shame in all mi life endri CT. LOV£ 725. 

endnngy see under enden. 
endfirOy v., O.Fr. endurer ; endure^ P. L. S. 
xxix. 74 ; Mand. 256 ; enduire MISC. 218. 

toe, see Ane. 

enede, sb., O.E. ened,«=aA^. 6nd, O.H,G. 

anut, anit, Lat, anas {gen. anatis) ; duck^ rel. 

I. 302 ; ende *anas * PR. P. 139 ; (ms, hende) 

Hav. 1241 ; ende mete duM meat Uenti- 

cula * PR. p. 140. 
enemiy sb., O.Pr. enemis, IM. inimlcus; 

enemy, Ch. C. t. A 1643. 
enemi-ftil, adj., hostile : it shal be desolat 

as in enemiful wastete WiCL. Is. i. 70. 
enemi-liohe,adv., hosttlelyfVfiCL. num. xxv. 

18 ; enmili (later v, enemili) 2 Macc xiv. 11. 
enemiablOy adj., O.Fr, anemiable; hostile: 

a bure he made a;en the enmiable (v, r. ene- 

miable) fole Wicl. eoclus. xlvi. 7. 

enemien, \,^from enemi ; be hostile : overjo^e 

not to me that enemien (pres.) to me wickdi 

WiCL. PS. xxxiv. 19. 
enemitd, sb., OJ^r, enemisti^; enmity^ WiCL. 

GEN. iii. 15. 
dnexiy see danen. 
enentifloht, enentiBt, pple.,y^^m 0,Fr, ane- 

antiss-, aneantir ; exhausted [' exinanita '] 

Hamp ps. bcxiv. 8. 
en-erden, y,, dwell in ; enexdend {pres,pple,) 

D. Troy 12836 ; enerdond (pple!) 41 17. 
en-faminen, v., O./^r. famine ; famishyhunger: 

enfamined (pret.) Ch. L. G. W. 2429 ; &ste 

failed hem ]>e fode, enfaminied monie A. P. ii. 

1 1 94. 
enfarseny v., O.Fr, enfarcir ; stu^ : rost hit 

on broche of ime bigge enfeursed (PPle.) L. 

c. C. 36. 
en-fatten, v., make fat : the herte of this 

peple is enfattid (pple,) WiCL. Mat. xiii. 

15 ; infattid deeds xxviii. 27. 
enidbleny v., O.Fr, enfeblir ; render feeble : 

we bi sinne enfeblen (prcs.) oure fei)> WiCL, 

S. w. 1. 94j )»e strengj>e is enfeblid (pple}) 

I. 117. 
enflblisheny v., 0,Fr enfebliss- ; tnake 

feeble ; enf^blished (later ver. jfebled) (Pple,) 

WiCL. EX. xxii. 14, 
enfeote, adj., 0,Fr. inka, /rom Lat, infectus ; 

tainted^ injured. Pall, i. 294. 

esfeoten, v., O^Fr, infecter; infect j taint 



a chanoon of religioun . • . wold infecte [enfect 
T.] al a toun Ch. C. t. (7 973; en&ote 
(pret,) \ii faire love to )« fairist of Grise 
D. Troy 2979; enfecte [v. r. infect] Ch. 
C. T. A 320 ; he enfecte the firmament with 
his felle noise 936. 

enfeffbment, sb., grant y fief: ful riche was 
|>in enfeifement P. r. L. p. 163. 

enfeffbn, v., enfeoffs endow: a wille ^t 
stant enfeffld (pple,) in fraunchise P.R.L. P. 64. 

enfermen, v., strengthen^ f^^^ify '* to enfermi 
^n toun Rob. 552. 

enfermer, sb., 0,Fr, enfermier ; super- 

intendent of the infirmary in a monastery^ 

M. H. 29 ; see farmerere. 
enfl&men, v., 0,Fr, enfiamer; inflame : pride 

covetise and en vie han so enflaumed (pret.) 

the hertes Mand. 3. 

enforce, v., 0,Fr, enforder; enforce^ Mirc 
1362. 

enlbrsinge, sh,fjuryy GEST. R. 116. 

enformaoion, sb., information^ Gow. I. 

253 ; informaoion I. 272. 
enforme, v., OF'r, enformer ; inform^ D. Troy 

654 ; enformede (pret,) Trev. V. 451. 
enibublen, v., OFr, afiiblir ; wrap up : hir 

frount folden in silk, enfoubled (PPle,) ai 

qvere Gaw. 959. 

enfirai, sb., cf, 0,Fr, esfrei, esfroi, eiTrei, eiTroi ; 
affray : for ferdnes of a foulle enfrai TowNL. 

179. 
eog, sb., 0,N, eng ; cf- prov. Eng. ing ; 

meadoWy CATH. 115. 
engeilen, v., 0,Fr, engieler; congeal, freeze : 

stones engeiled (Pple,) falleth doun arow 

Haluw. 334. 

eogel, sb., 0,E, engel, sengel, from Zo/. 
angelus; angel, hom. I. 27; Kath. 666; 
A. R. 146; Orm. 143; aengel Mat. i. 29; 
ROM. I. 227 ; angel GEN. & ex. 67 ; Shor. 
120; engle (dot,) a. r. 66; englea (//.) 
La^. 29689; angles Brd. 9; engle (gen, pi,) 
Orm. 67 ; engle kinde 666 ; englene A. R. 
92 ; englen (dot, pi,) MISC 83 ; comp, hfih- 
engel. 
engel- wird, sb., angel-host, GEN. & ex. 414a 

engendren, v., 0,Fr. engendrer; engender, 
Ch. C. t. E 1272 : engendrede (pret.) Shor. 
168. 

engendring, sb., begetting, production : thei 
made a fulle good engendnng . . . thei en- 
gendrede the devel of helle R. R. 6117. 

engendriire, sb., 0,Fr. engendrure; gene-- 
ration, Shor. 167. 

eng^n, sb., 0,Fr, engin, from Lat, ingenium ; 
engine ; understanding, skill, Fl. & Bl. 759 ; 
SPEC. 58 ; Alis. 121 3. 

engine-ful, adj., skilful : hi ben . . . gode 
and engineful to 6ghth Alis. 4868. 

enginen, v., OJ^r. engignier; contrive; toT" 



enginen. 

flww, Map 337: tatgbM [prtt.) Langu B 
sviii. 350 ; tbei hem have vagjaaA (f^e.) 
Gow. 1. 79 ; engined Ca. C. T. B^sa. 

•ngiiunir, sb., O.Fr. engigneur; tnginetr, 
coUrivtr, Man. (F.) 4571- 

enginoiu,adj., (?^>. engtgnos; siilfiil,Q09i. 
III. 99. 

Xngle, pr. n., O.E. Engle ; Angles, English- 
mm; IIngle(fm.)londMisci45i Engleland 
Sax. chr, 350; Engle loud {printed Engc- 
lond) A. B. 83 ; Enguelonde SAINTS (Ld.) ati, 
47, 73 ; mang Engle )>eode Orh. 4331 ; on 
Bnsl* apSobe GKN. & ex. S14; .Cngle 
AnoL. VII. 220; Engle, Englene L^. 17, 
1980; Englene rkl. I. 170 («isc 103); 
PROCI. I ; he wolde of Enf^e ^ leVcten tellen 
1^13- 

Bn^iaoh, adj. & sb., O.E. Engtisc ; Bngluh : 
an (on) Englisch MOU. I. 77; a. R. 130; 
Bbk. 73 ; an Englisc 1.AJ. 18331 ; Englich, 
EngUschs, EngUss, Englisse Roa (W.) 4803, 
7543. 1450. 61 ; BnglUoe (i/.) men Laj. 
1973; Englische men saints [Ld,] XX, 81. 

Sn-gleiiiMiiir., maie clammy j besmear; 'vitca, 
invitee' PR. P. 198; the man that muche 
boni eteth his mawe it enclelmetb (j>f».) 
Langl. B XV. 56 ; alle englaimei )« gres»e 
D. Arth. 1130; anglelmed [ppu:) WiCL. 
S. w. 111. tjo; englaimed in glntenie Alex.' 
<Sk.) 676. 

eu-gluting, sb., tsnuaring over: ai be pot 
and glassis engluting (v. r. enluting) that of 
the aier mighce passe no thing Cu. C. T. 
Gyf6; jw eniatliis. 

en-gdlden, v., cover or deck wilk gold; 
«!ig61did ipple.) with ^old WiCL. apoC xvii. 
4; engoldid and cnsilvered WiCL. Bar. 



^.^„__., , O.Fr. engregier, from Lai. 

ingravare ; make heavy : everich of hem en- 

cieselb and engrenitli (pres.) other Ch, C. 

T. 7979 ; his hcrte «ngredglde i.^et.) WiCL, 

■X. viii. 15 ; ensTegld (ppie.) vii. 14. 
angreinen, v., i7.^r. engrainer ; dyeingrain, 

of a fast colour : of red scarlet engrelned 

(>)}»/«.) Langl. J? ti. 15. 
mgr^en, v., O.Fr. engrever; trouble, burden ; 

no thing «ngr^«th [prei.) me R. R. 3443. 
en-grinen, v., from O.E. grinian ; ensnat 

^ facTten angrined (pple.) ine ]>e dievles 

nette AYENB. 154. 

enhabiten, v., O.Fr. enhabiter; inhabit; 
Biiliftblt«d(/l^/f.)MAND.,i5o; inhabited 187. 

anhBnsen, v., A.Fr, enhauncer, OFr. en- 
hancer; enhance, exalt \ enhaunse Cm. C. t. 
^1434; anhansi Rob. 198; enhauncen Ch. 
C.T. /6i4! enhaunce [later ver. enhaunse) 
WiCL. EX. XV. 3 ; she deceivable enhamneth 
(pres:) up the humble chere CH. BOET. 
(33) ; anb&iuiflide (^r^/.) WiCL. Lx. i, 
enluuuuld(/^.)D.TROYi3378; enhaunced 



onolntin. 



197 



Mand. 95 ; enbaused Ch. astb. iL 36 (37) ; en- 

hansed Lancl. Cxii. 58. 
enhfttnuare, sb., exalter, WiCL. ex. xvii. 1 5. 
anTMHinrtng, sb., elevation, exaltation, Ch. 

ASTR. ii. 39 (16) ; WiCL. EX. xvii. 15. 
en-hannten, v., exercise: enhauntan [pres, 

pi.) WiCL. 3 par. xix. 6; bisili enb&unta 

(imper.) thi feeld WiCL. prov. xxiv. 37 ; en- 

lUituitlda ipret.) ix. 36; enhauntedcn Wici- 

TOB. ix. 13. 
eo-hd^en, v., raise, exalt; snMad ippie.) 

GEST. R. (H.) 133. 
eiibeTite,v., OFr. enheriter ; inherit,h. p. ii.340. 
enhorten, v., O.Fr. enorter ; exhort : ful wisli 

to enhorte the peple Ch. C. t. A 3851; 

anhnrte {imper.) hem WiCL. 3 kings xi. 35 ; 

aaoiteth {pre^-) the studie of lessoun WiCL. 

PREF. EPis. iii (1S3). 

dllJ,M« AdL 

enjoian, v., O.Fr. enjoir; eajty, PR. P. 140; 

enjoie WiCL. Lk. i. 14. 
enjoinen, v., Fr. enjoindre ; enjoin; anjoint 

AYENB. 17a ; anjunje, angeonni {pres.) a. r. 

346*; i ajoine bee D. Troy 2197; en- 

Jolneda [pret.) RoB. 334; wjolnt [pple.) 

(printed tuDoynt) A. P. i. 893. 
enke, sb., O.Fr, enque, Or. tymvirrov ; i k, 

HiCKES 1. 339; REL. 11. 337; WlCL. JER. 

xxxvi. iS; inke PR. P. 361. 
ank-hom, sb., ink-horn, Wicl. Ez. ix. il. 
enker, adj., O.Fr. (vert) encr^ ; enker grene, 

dark green, Gaw. 150. 
[enker-, f O.N. einkar- ; f very.] 
enker-U. adv., f O.N. ' einkarliga {specially, 

particularly] ; earnestly, D. ARTH. 507, 3333 ; 

Barb. i. 93 ; encreh i. 301, 435. 
eoUcen, v., OFr. enlacer; bind, entangle, 

perplex : ^t man . . . anUoe^ {pre'-) him in 

be cheine CH. Boet. i. 3 (13); enlAoed 

[^A) Hi. 8 (80); V. 1(149). 
eol&ngoared, adj., O.Fr. enlangour^, fiwn 

langor, Lat. languor ; sickly, R. R. 7399- 
enlargen, v„ OF'r. enlarger; enlarge, Mand. 

45. 
eol^eaooe [elegeanoe], sb., OFr. alege- 

ance; alleviation, Rob. (W.) 1884. 
enleveo, see endle&n. 
enlianoe, sb., (?./^r.allance, alliance; a/lianct 

in marriage, ROB. I3. 
enlnmineti, v., O.Fr. enluminer ; illumint ; 

enltunlned (pret.) Ch. C. t. E 33. 
en-lfltingi sb., t med.Lat. lutire ; daubing 

tvith clay, CH. C. T. (7 766 ; see anglHting. 
en-neweiit v., renew ; ennfiwith ^pres.) 

Wicl. ecclus. xxxviii. 30; enndwe (imper.) 

thou signes xzxvi. 6. 
enoint, pple., OFr. enoint, enuint ; anointed; 

CK.C. T.^ 199; anoint R. R. 1889; TreV. 111. 

3$ ; enoignt p. p. IL 13 ; inoint L. H. R. 334. 
onuf'n/, PR. P. 12, 140 ; 



198 enointin. 

anointe Wicl. CBn. I. 2 ; uiolnted {fipie) 

Will. 139 ; enoinied a. p. ii. 1446. 
anointing, sb., PR. P. 14°; anointing WlCL. 

EX. XXX. 31. 
•noombre, v., O.Fr. enombrer, med.Lat. 

iiluinbr^e ; conceal in sMadow, Mand. 1 ; 

•nnmbiwl {prft.) 136. 
Bn-ourlen, v., J from O.Fr. ourler; tcletke; 

aiourled{/rir/.}inalle))at IscleneA. P. ii. 17. 
enonmen, v., c/. O.Fr. aomer; adorn: en- 

oumen and araien WlCL. £STH. viii. 9 ; with 

vertuez Bnn(o)iirnBd ippit.) GaW. 634, 2027 ; 

anumed a. p. i. 1037. 
enoumlng, sb., adornment : wimmenis en- 

ouming WicL. Esth. ii. la, 9. 
•npeirement, sb., O.Fr. empirenient ; I'm- 

/iK>»(*»(',AL.(L')355;emparementAYENB.i4B. 
enpeiren, v., O.Fr. enpelrer, e/. Sp. empeorar ; 

impmr, CH. Bokt. iv. 3 (120); empeire 

Mand. 316; ampairi ayenb. 10; apeire 

Lancl. B v. 573 ; Rpelrode {pret^) Rob. 279. 
Vnpir, lee emperle. 
enpoisdne, io.,poison, d. Arth. 213. 
anpoiaonen, v., O.Fr. empoisoner \ potion ; 

apolBonsda {prel.) Chr. £. 781 ; enpolaoned 

[apoisounde, apoisonedj {ppU^ LANGL. B iii. 

137, Civ. 164. 

flnpolaoncr, ih., poisoner, Ch. C. t. C884. 

enpoUoningt/injom^, Cu. C. T. CS91. 

enproBsen, v., OJ^r. enprcsser ; f oppresi : 

fwe as povcrt onpr o — o a {pres.) A. P. lii. 43 ; 

enpreces 538. 
enpriaoneiit v., (7.^r.enprisouen ; imprison; 

emprlaoneda (pret.) Rob. 94. 
enpriBtnuoaot, sb., iwiprisonmettt, A. P. ii.46. 
en-prfiden, v., become proud; «npndid (ms. 

enpriuide) {prei.) gest. R. (H.) 174. 
enqTCintanoe, sb.,EiBoolQtan<M; cuqutunt- 

once, Rob. 330. 

6tiQT&W| v., O.Fr. enqyen«; inquire, Bek. 

333; p. S. 335 ; TREv. V. 11. 
enqvirlngo, sb., inquiry, Cu. C. t. £888. 

•nqveato, sb., OJ'r. enqveste ; inquest, BEK. 

333 ; Shor. 94. 

•STMonen, v., convtrse with; anreMmade 
(pret.) his men ROB. 321. 

enrolli, v., O.Fr. emoUer ; enroil, E. G. 359. 
~e,sb.,(7.^r.ensaiT)ple; examp/e,uisc. 



eiuampler, sb., O.Fr. essamplaire, exam- 
plaire ; pattern, cofiy : the whiche oure en- 
■aumplBrlB (pi.) [earlier ver.szumpleen] de 
liten Wicl. Josh. prol. pa^e JJ5. 

ensdgeii, v., besitge ; he . . . castelles anaegges 
(pres.) D. Arth. 623; |>ei ena^gan {//.) " 
SOulis of men Wicu S. W. II. 155 ; 
(pret.) WiCL. DEUT. xxviii. 52. 

•usent, sb., consent ; ensent [v. r, assent' 
Rob, 317. 



entenden. 

eiuenteii,v.,a»»i(; encenti RoB. (W.)3ii8; 
«nMnt«f> (pres.) RoB. (W.) 6204 ; anaenteda 
Ipret.) («rto Robl 446 ; encented 171. 

enserohen, aserolien, v., O.Fr. encerchier ; 

search into, WiCL. PROV. xxviii. 11, 3 KINGS 

XX. 6; enaercIiM (pres.) D. Arth. 4311. 
enaerchonr, sb., searcher, gest. R. SS- 
en-BilTereii, v.iJT/i'erin'fr: engoldid and en- 
ailTsred (/^/>.) ben fals Wicu Bar. vi. 7. 
insoinen, v., (?./>. ensoignier; =aaaolii*n: 
excuse : mi sone from ^ schulde beon an- 
•olnat ipple.) L. H. R. 133. 
en-Bperen, v.. from apnrlen ; inquire ; t/a- 

■pwed (pret!) GEST. R. 317. 
eattpixe, v., O.Fr. inspircr ; inspire, P. L. S. 
" ; enapinid {ppie.) Ch. C. t. (W.) 5. 
enatdre, v., c/. Lot. instaurire ; restore; store 
uP\ enstore, insCore WiCL. Eph. L 10; «n- 
■toorlde {prit.) WiCL. 4 kings xii. 14; In- 
■tSrJd {p^^ in this word WlCL. ROlLxiii.9. 

euatCrlnga, sb., reparation, WiCL. 4 KINGS 
aii. 13. 

AnBtronglen, v., O.Fr. estrangler, from Lot. 
stranguiare; strangle; anBtrangl«d ipple.) 
Mand. 194. 

msae, v., OJ'r. ensulre ; ensue, P. R. L. P. 43. 
ensure, v., for naaOra ; ensure, CH. C. T. B 

1231 ; D. Arth. 2334. 
entaohed, see enteohan. 
entaile, v., O.Fr. entailler : engrave, carve, 

R. R. 608 ; eatallled (ppiel) with mani ricbe 
portraitures PL. CR. 139, 398. 
entaille, sb., O.Fr. entaille ; carving: quality, 
fashion,sori ; FER.730; Man. (F.) 15846; pf 

Koxxi&K persons oj quality 14886. 
entKlentao, v., OJ'r. entalcnter ; excite, Ch. 

BOET. V. 5 {168). 
entime, v., O.Fr. entamer,/<^ 'attamer, Lot. 

attaminiie ; begin, Ch. a. b. c 79 ; enULmedo 

(Pret.) D. Arth. 3303. 
enteolie, sb., symptom (of illness) : ^ an- 

taoobM (pi.) al min evele Will. 557. 
enteohen, v., OJ'r. entechier ; infect; imbue 

with good or bad qualities \ en teched {//)/«.) 

and defouledCH. BoeT.iv.3(i3o); entached 

wel Rob. (W.) G 165 ; on of the best entedwd 

creature Ch. TrO. v. 833, 
entemperate, adj., temperate, Rob. (W.) 

SS48*. 
entemprS, adj., temperate, Rob. 439. 
entempri, v., moderate, treat. 389. 
entenoionn, sb., O.Fr. entencion; intention, 

R. R. 5361 ; intencion lud. Cov. 240, 247. 
entendable, adj., O.Fr. entendable ; mindful, 

Gow. III. IS7. 
entondement, sb., O.Fr. entendemcnt ; dis- 
cernment, instruction, Gow. III. 142, 143; 

a tale of great eatendement I. 179. 
entenden, v., O.Fr. entendre, Lat. intendere 
I intend, be intent, look steadfastly, P. L. S. xvit. 



entendon* 



environnu 



199 



237 • ^^ to his owen nedes gan entende Ch. 
Tro. iii. 375 ; to love min enemies i wolde not 
entende P. R. L. P. 199 ; this love to vertu alle 
intende (fres.) LUD.C0v.361; entendeth r.r. 
5312; Ch. Boet. L 2(8)-; entende (imper.) 
p. L. s. xvii. 234. 
entente, sb., OJ^r. entente ; intent, a. r. 252*; 
Marg. 277 ; in fill good intent Ch. C. t. A 958. 

ententen, v., OJ^r» ententer ; fay attention 
to; intend, attend^ Ch. Boet. v. l (150) ; 
ententid (pret,) Aus. 2833. 

ententif, adj., OJ^r, ententif ; attentive, WiCL. 

2 PARAL. vi. 3. 
ententif-lidhe, adv.. attentively, Bek. 460 ; 

AYENB. 210;. ententiifii WiCL. 2 PARAL. 

xxxiii. 13 ; ententifli P. CR. 624, 2550. 

enter, adj., Fr. entier; entire, L. H. R. 196. 

entdr-li, adj., entire, whole : besechinge you 
ever with min enter!! hert P. R. L. p. 41'. 

enterohaunge, sb.^ interchange, Ch. Boet. 
iii. 2 (65). 

enteren, v., Fr. enterrer; inter; entered 

(pple.) Mand. 94. 
enterlace, sb., ^ entreUoen; alternate 

rhyme, Man. (F.) 86. 
enterlude, sb., OJ^r. entrelude, med.Lat. in- 

terludium ; interlude; enterindea (pL) Gaw. 

471 ; plaiers of enterludes and places Wart. 

III. 173; interlodies REL. II. 47. 
entermedlen, v., O.Fr. entremesler, -meller ; 

intermeddle', entermedled {ppie.) Ch. Boet. 

ii. 6 (54). 
enterment, sb., 0,Fr, enterrement; interment, 

burial : at the entiennent of \t tru prinse D. 

Troy 9105 ; enterment Man. (H.) 327. 
enterp^le, v., Fr, interpeller ; question^ WiCL. 

DEUT. XXV. 7. 

entenne, sb., from 0,Fr, entoner, see en- 
t6nen; melody, music, enteunie (//.) Ch. 
D. Bl. 307. 

enticement, sb., enticement, Alis. (L.*) 264 ; 
entisment s. s. (Wr.) 3418; entisement Ch. 
C. T. 7967. 

entirfidrin, v., OFr. entreferir ; interfere, PR. 
P. 140. 

entisen, v., O.Fr, enticier; catch an infection; 
entice : entise teches of filbe Gaw. 2436 ; (he) 
entfsid {.pret,) man to glotoni Townl. 21 ; 
entisede Rob. 32. 

entitelen, v., ^Ti/iV/^ ; entitelld (pple.) Ch. 
P. F. 30. 

entraile, sb., Fr. entraille ; entrails, Ch. C. t. 
J? 1 188 ; intraile PR. P. 262. 

entreoommnnen, \,,/rom O.Fr. communier; 
mix together: men most entrecommunen ifere 
Ch.Tro.iv. 1325 ; enteroomtininge (^(^mmi/- 
mcation) of merchaundise Ch. Boet. ii. 7 (57). 

entredity sb., interdict, Rob. 495. 

entrediten, v., interdict ; enterdited {pret,) 
Man. (H.) 209; (hi) entreditede (//.) Rob.49$. 



entree, sb., OF'r. entree; entry, Langl. (Wr.) 

6823 ; entre Rob. 158 ; Man. (F.) 14091 ; en- 

treieROB. (W.) 3311. 
entreldoen, v., 0,Fr, entrelacier ; entangle : 

80 entreUoed (jpple,) ]>at it is unable to ben 

unlaced Ch. Boet. iii.' 12 (105). 

entremes, sb., OF'r. entremes ; entremets : 
trufles vor entremes ayenb. 56 ; this entre- 
messe is dressed for iow all Ch. p. f. 665. 

entremeten, v., O.Fr. entremetre; meddle 
with J busy on^s self about; interpose, A. R. 
414 ; to entremete hir of sich vice R. R. 5948 ; 
entremetti ayenb. 152; entermet Man. (F.) 
12615 ; i entremete {pres,) me of brolcages 
6973 ; entremetteth Ch. C. t. B 2732 ; entre- 
meti^ Ch. Boet. iii. 12 (104). 

entreparten, v., from parten, OF'r. partir ; 
share, Ch. Tro. 1. 591. 

entr^ten, v., O.Fr. entreater ; treat, handle; 
entreat, P. R. L. P. 168 ; smitten and vilentli en- 
tr6ted'(///^.) Mand. 91 ; vileinsli entreted 9^. 

entriken, v., O.Fr, entriquer, Lot. intricare ; 
entangle; deceive; engage {in an affair) : 
wherof that he the worde entriketh Jpres,) 
Gow. I. 359 ; entriked (pret.) R. R. 1642. 

entrin, v., O.Fr. entrer ; enter, PR. P. 140 ^ 

entren Mand. 273 ; entre PR. C 5340 ; entri 

Shor. 46 ; intered {pret.) LiDG. m. p. 10. 
entrlng, sb., entering: )>is ehtriinge to ^e 

sepukre is cominge to ^ service of Cnst 

WiCL. s. w. I. 132 ; entenng P. l. s. xxxi. 197. 
entunen, v., OJ*r. entoner; intone, sing; 

entuned {pple,) Ch. C. t. A 123. 
enui, sb., OFy. enoi, ennui, an! ; annoy ; anui 

[ennui] A. R. 94 ; anoi ayenb. 267 ; nui c L. 

442. 
enyelnpen, v., OF'r. envoluper, enveloper; 

envelope: he is most envolui>ed {pple^ in 

sinne Ch. C. t. C942. 
enyenime, v., O.Fr. envenimer ; envenom, Ch. 

C. t. Z>474 ; en-, anvenimel> {pres.) ayenb. 

26, 27 ; envenemed {pple.) will. 4428. 
enveniminge, sb., poisoning, CH. C. T. E 

2060. 
envie, sb., O.Fr. envie ; envy, Horn (L.) 687.; 

p. L. S. ix. 69 ; C. L. 833 ; anvie Misc 33. 
envie, v., Fr. envier ; envy, vie, Ch. C. t. D 

142 ; D. Bl. 406. 

enyinen, v., OFr. enviner ; store with wine : 
a bettre envined {pple.) man was nowher 
noon Ch. C. t. A 342. 

envious, adj., O.Fr. envieus ; envious, ayenb. 
27 ; envius Fl. & Bl. 356. 

environn, adv., OtFr. environ ; round about : 
the erthe is . . . aboute enviroun . . . 20425 miles 
Mand. 185 ; aboute the king stonden environ 
Attendaunce, Diligence and . . . mani one CT. 
LOVE 1031 ; environ Gow. III. 76. 

enviroun, sb., 0,Fr, environ ; environs, cir- 
cuity compels, WiCL. GEN. xxiiL 17 ; alle the 



Egipciens delviden bi enviroun of the floode 



WiCL. 



EX, V 



.34. 



eaTiroane, v., Fr.> 

PS. Iviii. 7. 
envlrounfnge, %h.,circum/erence, Ch. Boet. 

V. 4 (164) ; longe Dnvlroiuiiiigli {//.) of weie 

WicL. Josh. v. 4, 
dode, v., O.E. Sode, = Calk, iddjz {prel.) ; 

tvent, HOM. I. 41 ; A. R. 52 ; SPEC. 43 ; c L. 

330 ; he code a lond La}. 133 ; code, ^ode 

I^OB. 53, 79 ; L. H. R. 26 ; ede HORN (R.) 1 1^ ; 

Map 335 ; geode (? •--O.E. geeode) Mat. ix. 
35 ; jeode, jede Horn (L.) 381, 1025 j jede 
HOM. I. 329 ; Will. 1767 j s. s. (Wr.) 1964 ; 
Man. (F.) 7SS3 ; Ch. C. t. G 1381 ; jede into 
Jte temple Orm. 136; gede GEN. & ex. 618; 



175 ; jode Amad. (R,) Ixvi ; iode F.CL. 53 

M. H. 73; vde Rob. (W.) 8953*; (lu eodest 

MISC. 139 ; eoden hom. I. 3 ; beggeres faslc 

aboute eoden [jeden, jede] Langl. prol. 40 ; 

iedon Sax. ckr. 250, 262 ; ieden {uts. yeden) 

AVENB. 74 ; coiiip. bl