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Full text of "A Middle-English dictionary, containing words used by English writers from the twelfth to the fifteenth century"

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HARVARD 
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A 



MIDDLE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY 



If. BRADLEY 



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Jonbon 

HENRY FROWDE 




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MIDDLE-ENGLISH 

DICTIONARY 



CONTAINING 



WORDS USED BY ENGLISH WRITERS 
FROM THE TWELFTH TO THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 



BV 



FRANCIS HENRY STRATMANN 



A NEW EDITION, RE-ARRANGED, REVISED, AND ENLARGED 

BY 

HENRY BRADLEY 



Ojcfor6 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 



MDCCCXCI 

{All rights reserved '\ 

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HAirVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY 

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PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY HORACB HART. PRI»fTBR TO THB UNIVERSITY 



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PREFACE. 



The Dictionary of Middle-English^ compiled by Dr. F. H. Stratmann, of 
Krefeld, is the only comprehensive dictionary of that stage of the English 
language hitherto published in a completed state; the only other existing 
work of the same kind being that of Matzner, of which the first instalment 
appeared in 1878, and which has as yet been carried only to the letter J. The 
third and latest edition of Dr. Stratmann's dictionary was -published in 1878, 
and an extensive supplement was issued in 188 1. At the time of the author's 
death, which took place in 1884, he had apparently almost completed the 
preparation of a new edition. The copyright of the work was subsequently 
purchased by the Delegates of the Clarendon Press, and the author's materials 
for the new edition (consisting of an annotated copy of the printed book) were 
placed in my hands to be prepared for the press. The unanimous opinion of 
the scholars in this country who were consulted was that simply to reprint the 
work in the form contemplated by the author would be wholly unadvisable, 
and that an extensive revision was needed in order to adapt it to the needs 
of English students. Although the book was marked by great learning and 
ability, as well as by extraordinary industry, it had certain serious practical 
defects, chiefly, it may be remarked, due to those limitations of scope without 
which it would probably have been impossible for the author to bring his work 
to completion in any reasonable number of years. The principal respects in 
which the present edition aims at being an improvement on the original work 
are as follows : — 

1. If the definition of a dictionary be that it is a book which explains 
the meaning of words, Dr. Stratmann's work can scarcely be regarded as 
a dictionary at all. With the meaning of Middle-English words, the author 
concerned himself but little ; his principal care was to identify them etymo- 
logically; that is to say, to connect them with their descendants in Modern- 

' In the published editions the work is entitled 'A Dictionary of the Old English I.,anguage ;' 
but in revising it for a new edition the author substituted ^ Middle-English ' for * Old English * in 
the title-page. He also indicated that in the body of the dictionary the abbre\nation *A.-S/ 
(Anglo-Saxon) should be changed into * O.E.* 



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vi PREFACE. 

English, their antecedents in Old-English, and their cognates in other 
languages. Such explanations of meanings as were given were merely sub- 
sidiary to this object. Not infrequently, indeed, words (and those not merely 
compounds or obvious derivatives) were left without interpretation altogether ; 
in other cases the sense was indicated only by Latin words, which were often 
themselves ambiguous. Where a Middle- English word was glossed by a 
Modem-English one, the latter was commonly the etymological equivalent, 
even though the word might have undergone a complete change of meaning. 
In a very large number of instances the only vernacular gloss is an obsolete 
or dialectal word taken from HalHweirs ' Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 
Words,' or some similar source, and quite unintelligible to ordinary English 
readers. The following examples will illustrate the author's method : — che- 
owen . . . chew {chow, chig), mandere, objurgare ; oubbel, kibble, fustis ; salstron 
. . . galster (gauster), crepare ; galwen, gaUow {gaily), terrere ? ; ^eolpeD, yelp 
iyilp), gloriari, jactari) kitelen . . . kitUe, titiUare\ plaigen . . . plaw^ ludere ; 
schtLte . . . shout, lembus [the word means a flat-bottomed boat]; scorklin, 
scorkle, ustulare] anobben, snob, singultire; slumen, sloum, chrmitare. In the 
present edition, I have endeavoured to provide every word with an intelligible 
explanation in English. When a word has greatly changed in meaning, I 
have cited the modern form for the sake of completing the etymological 
history of the word, but in such a manner as not to mislead the reader as to 
the earlier sense. As the distinctive feature of the book is that the examples 
are arranged according to the grammatical forms, and not according to the 
senses, it is obvious that the shades of meaning could not be explained with 
the same precision and completeness as in larger works like that of Matzner, 
or the New English Dictionary, but it is hoped that the explanations given 
will be found sufficiently full and accurate for ordinary practical needs. The 
indication of the parts of speech, which was wholly omitted in the original 
work, has been supplied. 

2. Another inconvenient feature of the original dictionary was its per- 
plexing etymological arrangement. The compound words, instead of being 
inserted in alphabetical order, were placed under their initial element, even 
though this happened to be an inseparable prefix. Hence, in order to find 
one of these words, it was necessary to know, or to conjecture its etymology — 
or rather. Dr. Stratmann's opinion as to its etymology. Suppose, for example, 
the word amaien is to be sought for in the Dictionary by a student who has no 
notion of its derivation. The first step of course is to look for it in its a pha- 
betical place. It is not there, nor is there a cross-reference. We next turn 
to the words under the prefix a-, but amaien is not among them. The cross- 
reference a-, see ab-, ad-, an-, and-, at-, en-, ea-, je-, and of-, gives us the choice 
of ten other places, in any of which the word we are seeking may possibly be 
found. As a matter of fact, it is placed under es-, so that the reader who takes 



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PREFACE. vii 

the natural and proper course of turning to the several places in their alpha- 
betical order will have looked in ten different pages of the Dictionary before he 
comes to the word he wants. Even this example, however, does not fully 
represent the complexity of Dr. Stratmann's method of arrangement. The 
sub-headings under each of the prefixes are not arranged in the alphabetical 
order of the words themselves, but in that of the original form of their second 
element; though this rule is sometimes departed from, apparently by mere 
oversight. To any one unacquainted with Romanic etymology, the arrange- 
ment of the words grouped under com-, for instance, must appear absolutely 
lawless. The following is an example of the mode of sequence adopted for 
these compounds : oongeien, oogitacidn, ooint, oointiae, conjure, ooUeote, culvert, 
ouUin, oouche, oouchin, oomanden. Romanic philologists will, of course, see at 
once why this order has been followed, though the position of the word 
oogitadtin seems to be due to some mistake. But the majority of those for 
whom a Middle- English dictionary is intended cannot be expected to find 
their way readily through such a labyrinth. It has, indeed, often happened 
that even scholars have erroneously stated a word to be wanting in Stratmann, 
when in fact it had not been overlooked, but had been recorded in some un- 
likely place. In this edition I have in the main adopted alphabetical order. 
Compounds of substantives and adjectives, however, and of words like biforen 
and aD^en, are grouped under their first and most important element; and 
agent-nouns in -ere and nouns of action in -ing follow the verbs from which 
they are derived. These compounds and derivatives are printed in smaller 
type and indented, so as not to disturb the general alphabetical arrangement. 

3. In cases where a foreign word has come into English by two different 
channels, and with consequent diversity of form, Dr. Stratmann's usual practice 
is to treat the word as one. In some instances, where the two forms existed 
merely as dialectal varieties, without any sense-distinction, this procedure has 
its advantages ; but in others it obscures the facts. The words desk and dlah, 
for example, both descend ultimately from the Latin discus, and therefore in 
the former editions of this dictionary they are put together as one word. This 
would be permissible if (as any one would suppose from reading the article) 
the two forms were employed promiscuously in Middle- English. But the fact 
is that in that period of the language the words were quite as clearly dis- 
tinguished as they are now. I have in this and other similar cases separated 
the two words. It now appears to me that this ought to have been done still 
more frequently : the verbs chdcen and cacohen, for example, would be better 
separated. 

4. The words which in primitive Teutonic began with hi-, hn-, hr- are in 
the former editions of the dictionary given under the letter H. As the initial 
h is very generally omitted in Middle- English, this arrangement imposes on 



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viii PREFACE. 

the reader (unless he knows the etymology of the word) the necessity of 
searching in two different places. I have therefore removed these words to the 
letters L, N, and R respectively ; prefixing, ho>yever, an italic h to distinguish 
them from those which have an ynaspirated initial. 

5. One of the most important changes which have been introduced in this 
edition relates to the notation of vowel quantitie5. In the original work the 
quantities marked were not those which the vowels had in Middle- English, but 
those of the earliest Old-English, although it is well known that extensive 
changes in vowel qujantity had taken place before thie end of the twelfth 
century, and probably much earlier. The author's procedure in this respect 
is not, indeed, so wholly irrational as it may at first sight appear. The Old- 
English quantity admits of being ascertained with tolerable precision, while 
Middle- English quantity is in many cases uncertain, and in other cases varies 
according to locality and period. Moreover, the primitive quantity is that 
which is of greatest etymological importance. I have, however, ventured on 
the attempt to ^ve a representation of the actual quantity in Middle- English 
in such a manner as to exhibit its relation to the earlier quantity. Dr. Strat- 
mann employed the circumflex {^) to denote a vowel which was originally 
long and stressed, original length without stress being indicated by the 
macron ("). In my notation the macron is placed over an original long 
vowel which remained long in M iddle- English ; an original long vowel 
which has become short by position is marked (**) ; and a. short vowel which 
has been lengthened by position is marked with tjie acute accent. (It might 
perhaps have been better to use the circumflex for this purpose instead of the 
acute.) Original short vowels which remained unchanged in quantity are 
left unmarked. It is hoped that this notation will serve to render more 
intelligible the manner in which changes of quantity influenced the qualitative 
character of Middle- English vowels. In many points the correctness of my 
quantitative indications will be somewhat disputable. The vowels a, e, i, o 
before Id I have marked as ' new long,' except under special conditions which 
modify the general rules. Similarly X have recognised a lengthening of 1 and 
u before nd. The lengthening of e before nd ancj before n followed by a 
palatal g, certainly prevailed to a considerable extent, but I doubt whether it 
was at all so general as the other lengthening, and I have therefore left it 
unmarked. For similar reasons the lengthening effect of r, followed by a 
voiced consonant, has not been regarded. There is room for much doubt 
whether the later positional lengthenings persisted in spite of loss of stress in 
the second element of a compound. In such cases I have left the vowels 
unmarked, except where special evidence seems to show that the lengthened 
quantity was retained. With reference to words of Romanic or Latin origin 
the question of quantity is very perplexing. Dr. Stratmann correctly re- 
cognised that Latin quantity as distinguished from Latin accent had in 



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PREFACE. ix 

general no influence on Middle- English pronunciation, and has therefore 
treated the unaccented vowels in words derived from Romanic and Latin as 
(proximately) short, with the exception of those that have compensatory length. 
I have followed his example in marking as long the vowels in final syllables 
like -«ge, -on, -te, -lire, &c., which originally were stressed, though owing to a 
shifting of accent which began, at latest, in the fourteenth century, this 
notation cannot be regarded as correct for the whole Middle- English period. 
I should now prefer to mark with, the circumflex all Romanic and Latin 
vowels which were positionally long in early Middle-English, whatever their 
, original quantity, and to leave thje rest unmarked, 

6. In one instance I have ventured* to introduce a diacritic expressive 
of vowel quality. I have employed the character ii to distinguish the cases 
in which a Middle- English u expresses either the sound which descended from 
Old- English y \ or some sound but slightly different from this. It is clear 
that in some early loan-words from French, the u was at first sounded in much 

. the same way as the English ii, u, and I have therefore in these instances 
marked it with the two points. I now regret not having made a more extensive 
use of diacritics. The tailed 9, 9 ought to have been used for Middle-English o 
when representing an Old-English a^ & ; the palatal sound of g also might 
with advantage be distinguished with a special sign. 

7. In the etymologies. I have attempted to diatinguish between direct 
derivation and collateral relationship of words', and have also rectified many 
errors of detail. Dr. Stratmann's w;ork in this department was eminently 
scholarly, but the fresh light thrown on many points of comparative Teutonic 
phonology, by the researches, of the pgist few yeais, often necessitates an 
alteration in the form, and sometimes in the substance, of his statements. 
One error which frequently occurs in the previous editions, is that the Old- 
English verbs in -ian are identified with the continental Teutonic verbs in -jan 
instead of with those in -6n, while the umlaut verbs, really corresponding to 
the continental verbs in -jjm, are treat;pd as if peculiar to English. 

8. Although the present edition has no pretensions to be regarded as an 
exhaustive dictionary of Middle- English, it contains a very large number of 
words not found in the former editions. The author's interest was chiefly in 
the Teutonic portion of the language, and in his work as originally issued the 
words of Romanic and Latin origin were almost wholly absent. In deference 
to the opinion of English scholars, many of these were inserted in later editions, 
but even in the author's last revision the vocabulary was still conspicuously 

' In the case of the combination wur I have left the u unmarked, since even in Old- 
English wyr often became wur. 

' It should be clearly understood that the Middle- English forms are by no means always the 
direct descendants of the particular dialectal form in Old- English that happens to be quotable. 



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X PREFACE. 

defective with regard to the Romanic element. Besides this, many other 
words, sometimes of considerable literary importance, appear to have been 
intentionally omitted, because owing to their doubtful derivation they could 
not be conveniently brought under the etymological arrangement adopted in 
the work. In the selection of new words for insertion I do not profess to 
have followed any systematic method. It is probable that many really im- 
portant words have been overlooked, while some have been inserted that 
might well have been spared. While I have not expunged the proper names 
inserted by the author himself, I have not added any others. By further 
abbreviating the references, which though occupying much space were not full 
enough to be understood without the help of the table of contractions, it has 
been found possible to compress the much augmented work into about the 
same number of pages as were contained in the third edition, together with 
the supplement. 

There are several features of the dictionary which I do not myself regard 
with approval, though for various reasons I have refrained from altering them. 
One of these is the normalized orthography of the quotations. My own view 
is that the quotations, though not the headings of the articles, ought to be 
given in the spelling of the MSS., or at least in that of some standard critical 
edition ; but the gain of textual correctness would not be commensurate with 
the expenditure of time and laboi\r which would be needed to conform every 
quotation to the original. Some special points in Dr. Stratmann's system of 
normalized spelling now appear to m^ objectionable ; for example, he uses the 
letter v not only when the u or v of the MSS. had the sound of v, but also 
where it had a different consonantal power (=w), as in qvcUlen, gverddD, and 
zvo (Ayenbite). In words taken from early texts which use g for 5, the former 
letter is retained, even in the lemmas, although the process of ' normalizing * 
would seem to have more justification here than in most other cases. The 
complaint oflen made that Dr. Stratmann chooses as the * dictionary forms ' of 
Middle- English words not those of the period of Chaucer and Langland, but 
those nearest to the Old- English, does not seem to me to be of great moment ; 
the inconveniences of this course being counterbalanced by the advantage of 
presenting the various forms in something like genealogical sequence. The 
author, however, did not sufficiently recognise the fact that the orthographical 
coincidence of Middle-English with Old-English is often merely accidental, 
especially when the digraphs », ea, eo are concerned; and most of the 
articles on words containing these digraphs would need to be rewritten in 
order to make their arrangement correctly expressive of the facts. A pe- 
culiarity of Dr. Stratmann's method, which may cause some embarrassment to 
the student who is not aware of it, is that he treats ' improper compounds ' not 
as single words but as phrases. Thus the preposition biside does not occur 
in its alphabetical place, but examples of it (written bi aide in two words) are 



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PREFACE. xi 

found in the article side. I have in many cases inserted cross-references to 
obviate the difficulty arising from this cause. 

I am painfully conscious of many serious shortcomings both in the plan 
and the execution of this edition. The numerous errata will probably seem 
to some critics to imply extreme carelessness on my part. To this fault I 
cannot plead guilty; though for many of the oversights I am able to account 
only by the state of ill-health from which I was suffering when the earlier 
sheets were passed for press ; and if I had then possessed the experience I 
have subsequently acquired in lexicographical work, I should have known 
how to take more effectual precautions to ensure accuracy ^ An assiduous 
study of Middle-English during the progress of the work has shown me many 
points in which my knowledge was at the outset materially defective. Perhaps 
I may reasonably hope for some degree of indulgence on account of the 
special difficulties of my task. Dr. Stratmann's references are oflen to books 
or editions which were not easily accessible to me — some of them, indeed, not 
to be found even at the British Museum ; hence it was frequently not until 
the article had gone to press that I discovered that he had mistaken the 
meaning of a word, or had confused together words of different origin and 
meaning; or, in other cases, that I had given a wrong interpretation to his 
Latin gloss. The difficulty of accurate proofreading will be obvious to any 
person, at all experienced in such work, merely from an inspection of the 
pages ; but it was greatly augmented by the fact that the author's large mass 
of MS. corrections and additions were made in such a manner that it con- 
stantly required the closest attention to discover where the additional words 
were intended to be inserted. If my attempt to indicate Middle- English 
vowel-quantity be regarded as in itself justifiable, I may fairly claim that its 
occasional errors and inconsistencies may be judged with the leniency due to 
pioneer work. However, although this edition is very far from being such 
as I should have wished to make it, I venture to hope that in spite of its 
defects the book in its new form will be found far more useful than if it had 
been re-issued with merely such slight revision as was contemplated by the 

original author. 

HENRY BRADLEY. 

* One thing which I especially regret is that a few quotations and references have been 
inserted at second hand, matter which I had caused to be transcribed for me having been sent to 
the printers under the mistaken belief that it had been properly verified. I hope, however, that 
all the important errors arising from this cause have been duly noted in the supplementary pages 
printed at the end of the volume. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



A. D. « Altenglische Dichtungen des MS. Harl. 
3353, heransgegeben von K. Boddeker, 
Berlin, 1878. [? Written in Hereford- 
shire about 1310.] Quoted by page. 

A. p. = Early English Alliterative Poems, edited 
by R. Morris : i. The Pearl ; ii. Clean- 
ness ; iii. Patience. E.E.T.S., No. i, 
1864. [? Lancashire about 1360; by 
the same author as Gaw.] Quoted 
by number of piece and line. 

a. r. —The Ancren Riwle, edited by J. Morton, 
Cam. Soc. No. Ivii. 1853. [? Dorsetshire 
about 1225.] Quoted by page. 

a. s. b Ancient Songs from the time of King 
Henry II to the Revolution, edited by J. 
Ritson, London, . 1 790. Quoted by num- 
ber of piece. 

A.s.(H.) *The same re-edited by W. C. Hazlitt, 
1877. Q'loted by number of piece. 

^LF. HOM.»i£lfric's Metrical Lives of Saints, 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., Nos. 
76, 82, 1881-5. Quoted by page. 

v^LFR. ss JEUMs Grammatik nnd Glossar, heraus- 
gegeben von J. Zupitza, in Sammlung 
Englischer Denkmaler, Berlin, 1880. 
Quoted by page. 

Al. b The Legend or life of St. Alexius, edited 

by F.J. Fumivall. [About 1380.! In 
six versions, viz. L*. (MS. Laud 622}, U. 
(MS. Laud 108) L\ (MS. Laud 463), C. 
(MS. Cotton Titus A xxvi), Y. (MS. 
Vemon), T. (MS. Trinity Coll. Oxford, 
57). E.E.T.S., No. 69, 1878. Quoted 
by line. 

Alex. « The Alliterative Romance of Alejcandei; 
edited by J. Stevenson, from the 
Ashmole MS. Roxburghe Club, 1849. 
[About 1400-50.] Quoted by line. 

Alex. (Sk.)- The same [The Wars of Alexander], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, from the Ash- 
mole and Dublin MSS. E.E.T.S., No. 
xlvii., 1866. Quoted by line. 

Alex.* « * Appendix from the Bodl, MS. [264] ' in 
Alex. Quoted by line. 

Alex.' (Sk.) « The same [Alexander and Dindimus], 
edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., No. 
xxxi., 1878. [? About 1375.] Quoted 
by line. 

Alis. -King Alisaunder, in Weber's Metrical 
Romances (Edinburgh, 1810), vol. i. pp. 
3-327. [About 1300.] Quoted by line. 

Alis.' -J« Gestes of \)e wor)>ie Khig and* Em- 
perour Alisaunder of Macedoine, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, in vol. with Will. 
[About 1375.] Quoted by line. 

ALT. BL.«Altdeutsche Blatter von M. Haupt und 



H. Hoffmann. Quoted by volume and 
page. 

Am.&Amil. = Amis and Amiloun, in Weber's Me- 
trical Romances (1810), vol. ii. pp. 
369-473. [About 1330.] Quoted by line. 
= The same, herausgegeben von E. Kolbing, 
in Kolbing's Altenglische Bibliothek, 
Bd. ii, 1884. Quoted by line. 

AMAD.(R.)«Sir Amadacc, in Robson's Early 
English Metrical Romances (Camd.Soc. 
No. xviii., 1842), pp. 27-56. [About 
1420.] Quoted by stanza. 

AMAD.(W.)=Sir Amadas [a later text of the 
above], in Weber's Metrical Romances 
(1810), vol. iii. pp. 243-275. Quoted 
by line. 

Angl. ■= Alalia, herausgegeben von R. p. Wiilcker. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

AN. LIT. s^Anecdota Literaria, edited by Thos. 
Wright, XA>ndon, 1844. Quoted by 
page. 

ANC. COOKERY « Ancient Cookery from a MS. in 
the Arundel Collection, printed in 
Ordinances, for the Royal Household. 
Soc. of Antiquaries, 1790. [About 
1440.] Quoted from N.E.D. 

ANT. ARTH.(L.j = The Awntyrs of Arthure, in 
Laing's Select Remains of the Ancient 
Poetry of Scotland (1885), pp. 86-113. 
[About 1420.] Quoted by line. 

ANT. ARTH.(M.)«Awntyr8 of Arthure, edited by 
F. Madden, in Sir Gawayne volume, 
Bannatyne Club, 1839. Quoted by 
line. 

ANT. Arth. (R.)=The Antursof Arther in Robson's 
Early English Metrical Romances (Cam. 
Soc. No. xviii. 1842), pp. 1-26. [? Lan- 
cashire about 1420.] Quoted by stranza. 

APOL. ■=The Apology of Lollard Doctrines, 
formerly attributed to Wiclif, edited by 
I J. H. Todd, Cam. Soc. No. xx. 1842. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by page. 

Ar. « Arthur, edited by F. J. Fumivall, 

E.E.T.S., No. 2. 1864. [? About 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

AR.&MER.-sArthour and Merlin, a Metrical Ro- 
mance edited by W. D. TumbuU, from 
the Auchinleck MS., Abbotsford Clnb, 
1838. [About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

ARCH. -iArchiv fur das Studium der neueren 
Sprachen, hemusg^eben von L. Herrig. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

ASS. B Assumpcioun de notre Dame, edited by 

R. Lumby. E.E.T.S., No. 14, 1866. 
[From the Cambridge MS., before 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 



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J 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XIU 



Ass.^ «Assampcio Beate Marie in the same 
volume. [From the British Museum 
MS. about 1330.] Quoted by line. 

AUD. - The Poems of J. Audelay, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, Percy Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. 
{Shropshire 1426.] Quoted by page. 

AV.ARTH.«=The Avowing of King Arther, in Rob- 
son's Eiirly l^glish Metrical Romances, 
Cam. Soc. No. xviii. 184a, pp. 57-93. 
[About 1420.] Quoted by stanza. 

AYEHB. -Dan Michel's Ayenbite of Inwyt, edited 
by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 23, 1866. 
[Kent 1340.] Quoted by page. 

B. B. -The Babees Book, etc, edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 3a, 1868. 
Quoted by page. 

B. OF c. - The Boke of Curtasie, from the Sloane MS. 
1986 in the British Museum, printed in 
B.B. [About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

B. D. D. -Be Domes Ds^e, edited by R. Lumby, 
E.E.T.S., No. 65, 1876. Quoted by 

B. DISC. -Li biaus Disconus, in Ritson's Metrical 
Rpmances (i8oa), vol. ii. pp. 1-90. 
[About 1460.] Quoted by line. 

Barb. -Barbour's Bruce, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
EE.T.S., Nos. xi. xxi. xxix,lv. 1870-89. 
[Scottish about 1375.] Quoted by 
book and line. 

Barb, leg.— Barbour's Legendensammlungen, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, 
Heilbronn, i88i-a. [Scottish about 
1375'] Quoted by vol. and page. 

Barth. — Trevisa's Englishing of Bartholomseus de 
Proprietatibus Rerum. [Written in 
1398.] Printed by W. de Worde in 
1495. Quoted from N.E.D. (which often 
gives the readings of the Hebningham 

BiK- « The Life and Martyrdom of Thos. Beket, 

edited by W. H. Black, fiDm the Hari. 

MS. 2277. Percy Soc., vol xix, 1845. 

J? Gloucestershire about 1300.] Quoted 

by line. 
BENS.VOC. - Vocabularium Anglo-Saxonicnm, opera 

Th. Benson, Oxoniae, 1701. 
BcN.WB.- Mittelhochdeutsches Worterbuch, von 

Benecke, MUller und Zamcke. 
Ber. - The Tale of Beryn, edited by F. J. Furni- 

vail, Chaucer Soc. 1 8 76. [About 1 400. ] 

Quoted by line. 
Bev. -Sir Beves of Hamtune. edited by W. D. 

Tumbull, Maitland Club, 1838. 

[About 1320.] Quoted by line. 
The same re-edited by E. Kolbing, with 

versionsof six other MSS., E.E.T.S.. Nos. 

xlvi. xlviiL 1885-6. Quoted by line. 
BLHOM.-The BlickUnff Homilies, edited by R. 

Morris, E.E.T.S., Nos. 58, 63, 73, 

1874-6-80. Quoted by page. 
BoKEN. »Uvis of Seintis, translated by O. Boke- 

nam, A. D. 1447, Roxburghe Club, 1835. 

(Also forms Band i. of Kolbing*s Alteng- 

lische Bibliothek.) [Abouti447.] Quoted 

by page. 



Brd. 



C. B. 



C. L. 



C. M. 



Bout, ev. — Die vier Evangelien in altnordhum- 
brischer Sprache, herausgegeben von 
K. W. Bouterwek, Guterslo^ 1857. 
St. Brandan, edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc. vol. xiv. 1844. [? Gloucestershire 
about 1300]. Quoted by line. 

Brem. WB. — Versuch eines brcmisch-niedersachsi- 
schen Worterbuches, Bremen, 1767- 
1771. 
SB Two fifteenth-century Cookery Books 
from Harl. MS. 279 [about 1430] and 
Harl. MS. 401 6 [about 1450], edited by 
T. Austin, E.E.T.S., No. 91, 1888. 
Quoted by page. 
-Castel ofif Love, edited by R. F. Wey- 
mouth, Philol. Soc. 1864. [About 
1320.] Quoted byline, 
at Cursor Mundi, edited by R. Morris, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. 57. 59, 62, 66, 68. 
1874-78. [About 1250-1340.] Quoted 
by line. 

•CATH. atCatholicon Anglicum, edited by S. J. 
Hcrrtage, E.E.T.S., No. 75, 1881. 
[About 1483.] Quoted by page. 

Caxt. VIT. PATR.«Caxton's Vitas Patrum, 1495. 
Quoted from N.E.D. 

Ch. —The works of Jeffrey Chaucer, edited by 

Th. Speght, London, 1687. 

Ch. (T.)- Canterbury Tales, edited by Tyrwhitt, 
with other Poems from the Black Letter 
editions, London, 1843. 

Ch. a. b. c. -Chaucer's A. B. C. ) 

Ch. Adam— Chaucer's words to 
his Scrivener Adam. 

Ch. An. — Anelida and Arcite. ) 

Ch.astr. -A treatise on the Astrolabe, by G. 
Chaucer, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
E.E.T.S., No. xvi., 1872. [Middlesex 
about 1400.] Quoted by book, chapter, 
and page. 

Ch. Boet. - Chaucer's translation of Boethius's * De 
Consolatione Philosophiae,' edited by R. 
Morris, E.E.T.S., No. v. 1868. [About 
1374.] Quoted by book, prose (metre), 
and page. 

CH.BuK.-Lenvoy to Bukton : in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. C. t. -Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, edited by F. 
J.Fumivall, Chaucer Soc. [Abouti386.] 
Quoted by group-letter and line; see 
comparative Table, p. xxii. 

Ch. C. t. (W.) - The Canterbury Tales of G.Chaucer, 
edited by T. Wright^ published for the 
Percy Soc. (vols, xxiv-xxvi.) 1847-51, 
and for general circulation, London, 
1853. Quoted by line. 

Ch. COMP. M. « Compleint of Mars. 

Ch. COMP. v.- Compleint of Venus. , 

Ch. d. Bl. - Deth of Blanche. 

Ch. p. age -The Former Age. 

Ch. fortune. 

Ch. gent. - Gemtilesse. 

Ch. h. f. - House of Fame. 

Ch.l.g.w. - L^end of Good Women. 



in Ch. m. p. 



in Ch. m. p. 



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XiV 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



CH.L.G.w.(Sk.)« Chaucer's L^end of Good 
Women, edited by W. W. Skeat, Oxford, 
1889. [About 1385.] 

Cii.L. s. ==Lack of Stedfastnesse ; in Ch. m. p. 

Ch. m. p. » Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by F. J. 
Furnivall, Chaucer Soc. Quoted by 
title of piece and line. 

Ch. m.p. (Sk). « Chaucer's Minor Poems, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford, 1888. Quoted by 
title of piece and line. 

Ch. p. f. = Parlement of Foules. 

Ch. PiTiE«Compleint to Pitie. | 

Ch. prov. -Two Proverbs. I in Ch. m. p. 

C h. pu rse « Compleint to his Purse. 

C h . ScoG. -= Lenvoy to Scogan. 

Ch. Tro.- Parallel Text Print of Chaucer's Troilus 
and Creseyde, from three MSS. put 
forth by F. J. Furnivall, Chaucer Soc. 
1881-2. [About 1374.] 

Ch.Tro.(T.) = Chaucer's Troilus and Creseyde in 
edition 1843; see Ch. (T.). 

Ch. TRUTH = Truth: in Ch. M. P. 

Chest. — The Chester Whitsun plays, edited by T. 
Wright, Shakspeare Soc. Nos. 17 and 
35, 1843-7. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by vol. and page. 

chr. E. B Chronicle of England in Ritson*s Ancient 
English Metrical Romances (1802), 
vol. ii. pp. 270-313. [About 1410.] 
Quoted by line. 

Cl. =Sir Cleges, in Weber's Metrical Ro- 

mances (1810), vol i. pp. 3 '3-353- 
[About 1410.] Quoted by line. 

CL. M. =Clene Maydenhod, edited by F. J. Enmi- 
vall, E.E.T.S., No. 25, 1867. [About 
1376.] Quoted by line. 

COMP. BL. KN.«» Complaint of the Black Knight, by 
Lidgate, formerly attributed to Chaucer, 
printed in Ch. (T.). [About 1430.] 
Quoted by line. 

CR. K. «The Crowned King, edited by W. W. 
Skeat, (in vol. containing the C-Text of 
Langland), E.E.T.S., No. 54, 1873. 
[About 1 41 5.] Quoted by line. 

CT. LOVE. - The Court of L.ove, wrongly attributed to 
Chaucer, printed in Ch. (^T.). [About 
1450-] Quoted by line. 

D. Arth. « Moite Arthure ; or the Death of Arthur, 
edited by Edmd. Brock. E.E.T.S., No. 8, 
1 87 1, previously edited by G. G. Perry, 
1865. [Yorkshire beginning of 15U1 
century.] Quoted by line. 

D AV. DR. «= Adam Davy's Five Dreams about Edward 
II, edited by F. J. Furnivall, E.E.T.S., 
No. 69, 1878. [14th cent] Quoted 
by line. 

Degr. =The Romance of Sir D^^revant, in the 
Thornton Romances, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, pp. 1 77-256. Cam. Soc. No. 
XXX. 1844. [Before 1440.] Quoted 
by line. 

DEP. R. sr Richard the Redeles, an Alliterative 
Poem on [the Deposition of] Richard 
II, edited by W. W. Skeat (in theC-Text 
volume of Langland) E.E.T.S., No. 54, 



1873. [1399] Quoted by passus and 

line. 
DEP. R. (W.). «The same, edited by Thos. Wright. 

Cam. Soc. No. iii. 1838, reprinted in 

P. P. 1 859. 
DiEFENB.WB.«Vergleichendes Worterbuch der 

gothischen Sprache von Lor. Diefen- 

bach, Frankfurt, 1851. 
DiEZ WB. a= Etymologisches Worterbuch der roma- 

nischen Sprachen von F. Diez. Bonn, 

1853. 
DiGB. « Ancient Mysteries from the Digby M.S. 

133, Abbotsford Club, 1835. [About 

1485.] Quoted by page. 
DiGB. (F.)«The same [Digby Mysterie], edited 

and added to, by F. J. Furnivall, New 

Shakspere Soc, 1882. [About 1485.] 

Quoted by piece and line. 
DREAM » The Dreme, formerly attributed to Chan- 
cer, printed in Ch. (T.). [15th cent.] 

Quoted by line. 

D. Troy «The Gest Historiale of the Destruction 

of Troy, edited by G. A. Panton and 
D. Donaldson, E.E.T.S., Nos. 39, 56, 
1869-74. [About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

DuCANGE-eCaroli du Fresne, domini du Cange, 
glossarium ad scriptores mediae et 
mfimae latinitatis, Francofurti, 17 10. 

£. G. -* English Gilds, edited by Miss L. Toulmin 
Smith, E.E.T.S.,No. 40, 1870. Quoted 
by page. 

E. T. "The Erl of Tolous, in Ritson's Metrical 

Romances (1802), vol. iii, pp. 93-144. 

[About 1450.] Quoted byline. 
E,T. (L.)»The Erl of Tolous and the Emperes of 

Almayn, herausgegeben von G. Liidtke, 

in Sammlung Englischer Denkmaler, 

Berlin, 1881. Quoted by line. 
E. w. -The Fifty Earliest English Wills, 1387- 

1439, edited by F.J. Furnivall, E.E.T.S., 

No. 78, 1882. Quoted by page. 
Ed. sSt. Editha, sive Chronicon Vilodnnense, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, Heil- 

bronn, 1883. [About 1420.] Quoted 

byline. 
Egilss. -Lexicon poeticum antiquae linguae sep- 

tentrionalis, conscripsit Sveinbjom 

Egilsson, Hafniae, i8oo. 
Egl. — The Romance of Sir Eglamour of Artois, 

edited by J. O. Halliwell, in the 

Thornton Romances, pp. 1 21-1 75, Cam. 

Soc. No. XXX. 1844. [? Early 15th 

cent] Quoted by line. 
Ell. ROM.— Specimens of Early English Metrical 

Romances, edited by G. Ellis, 2nd 

edition, London, 181 1. Quoted bypage. 
Em. — Emare, in Ritson's Metrical Romances 

(1802), vol. ii. pp. 204-247. [About 

1460.] Quoted by line. 
Eng. ST. — Engltsche Studien, herausg^;eben von £. 

Kolbing. Quoted by volume and page. 
Erc. — The Romance and Prophecies of Thomas 

of Erceldoune, edited by J. A. H. 

Murray, E.E.T.S., No. 61, 1874. [About 

1425.] Quoted by line. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XV 



ERC(B.)»The same, edited by A. Brandl, in 
Sammlung Englischer Denkmaler. 
Quoted by line. 

Ettm. lex. = Lexicon Anglosaxonicum, edited by L. 
Ettmiillenis, Quedlinburgii, 1851. 

p. c =The Forme of Cury, edited by S. Pegge, 
London , 1 780. [? About 1 390.] Quoted 
by page. 

Fer. =Sir Ferambras, edited by S. J. Herrtage, 
E.E.T.S., No. xxxiv, 1879. [About 
1380.] Quoted by line. 

FL.&BL.«Floriz and Blauncheflur, edited by R- 
Lumby, KE.T.S. , No. 1 4, 1 866. [About 
1 275.] Quoted by line. 

Fl. & Bl. (H.) = The same [Floris and Blauncheflur], 
edited by £. Hausknecht in Sammlung 
Englischer Denkmaler, Berlin, 1885. 
Quoted by line. 

FI-& LEAF. « The Flower and the Leaf, formerly 
attributed to Chaucer. Printed in Ch. 
(T.). [15th cent]. 

Flor. =Le bone Florence of Rome, in Ritson's 
Metrical Romances (i8oa), vol. iii. pp. 
1-93. [About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

FRAG. » Fragment of iElfric's Grammar, iElfric's 
Glossary, and poem on the Soul and 
Body in the orthography of the 12th 
cent., edited by T. Phillipps, London, 
1838. Quoted by page. 

FRiTZNER^Ordbog over det gamle Norske Sprog of 
Joh. Fritzner, Kristiania, 1867. 

Gam. «^The Tale of jong Gamelin, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, Oxford 1884. [About 
1400.] Quoted by line. 

Gaw. -Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight, 
edited by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 4, 
1864. (Previously edited by F. Madden, 
Bannatyn Club, 1839.) [? Lancashire 
about 1360.] Quoted by line. 

GEN. & EX. « The Story of Genesis and Exodus, edited 
by R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 7, 1865. 
[? Norfolk or Suffolk about 1250.] 
Quoted by line. 

Genee. >e A Royal Historie of the excellent Knight 
Generides, edited by F. J. Fumivall, 
from the Helmingham Mo. Roxburghe 
Club, 1865. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by line. 

Gener. (W.)-Generydes, edited by W. A. Wright, 
from MS. in Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, E.E.T.S., Nos. 55 & 70, 1873-9. 
[About 1440.] Quoted by line. 

CEST.R. -The Old English Versions of the Gesta 
Romanorum, edited by F. Madden, Rox- 
burghe Club, 1838. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GEST.R.(H.)=The Gesta Romanorum, edited by 
S. J. H. Herrtage from three MS. (H.) 
Harl. 7333, (H.«) Additional 9066; 
(H.*) Cambridge (k. k. i. 6), E.E.T.S., 
No. xxxiii. 1879. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by page. 

GoLAG. «»-The Knightly Tale of Golagros and 
Gawane, printed in Sir Gawajme volume, 
edited by F. Madden, Bannatyne Club. 
1839; re-edited by M. Trautmann in 



Gow. « 

GR. 

Graff « 
Greg 

Grein > 

Gr.gram, 
Grl. 

GR. WB. ■ 

GuiL. 
GuiL.^ 

Guy 

Guy (Z.) 
GuY«,Z.) 

H. H. 



H. M. 



H. S. - 



Angl. IL4ioff. [Scottish about 1440.] 
Quoted by line, 
r Confessio Amantis of John Gower, edited 
by R. Pauli, London, 1857. [Middlesex 
about 1400 ; but edition not from coeval 
MSS.] Quoted by volume and page. 
The Grave, in Thorpe's Analecta Anglo- 
Saxonica, p. 142, re-edited in Angl. 
V. 289. [12th cent.] Quoted by line. 
- Althochdentscher Sprachschatz von £. 

G. Graff, Beriin, 1834-42. 
'Die englische Grcgorlegende, heraus- 
gegeben von F. Schulz, Konigsberg, 
1876. [Auchinleck MS.; 13th cent.] 
Quoted by line. 
E Sprachschatz der angelsachsisohen 
Dichter, bearbeitet von C. W. M. Grein, 
Cassel and Gottingen, 1861-4. 
« Deutsche Grammatik von Jac. Grimm. 
2. Ansg. 

«=Lonelich's History of the Holy Grail, 
edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.T.S., 
Nos. XX, xxiv, XXX, 1874-78. [About 
1450.] Quoted by chapter and line. 

-■Deutsches Worterbuch von Jac. und 
Wilh. Grimm. 

« A prose translation of the first version of 
Guileville*s Le Pelerinage de I'Homme, 
edited bv W. A. Wright from the Camb. 
Univ. tdS.y Ff. 5, 30, Roxburghe Club, 
1869. [About 1430.] Quoted by page. 

«The Booke of the Pylgremage of the 
Sowle, translated from the French of 
de Guileville (?by Lidgate, 1413), 
edited from Caxton's impression by 
Miss Cust, London, 1859. Quoted by 
book, chapter, and page. 

=The Romance of Sir Guy of Warwick 
and Rembrun his son, edited by W. D. 
Tumbull, Abbotsford Club, 1840. 
[About 1314.] Quoted by line. 

« Guy of Warwick, edited by J. Zupitza, 
from the Auchinleck and Caius MSS. 
E.E.T.S., Nos. xlii, xbci, 1883-7. 
[About 1 314.] Quoted by line. 

«Guy of Warwick (2nd version), edited 
by J. Zupitza, E.E.T.S., Nos. xxv, xxvi, 
1875-6. [15th cent.] Quoted by line. 

= The Harrowing of Hell, herausgegeben 
von Ed. Mall, from three MSS., Harl. 
2253, Digby 86, and the Auchinledc. 
Breslau, 1871. [About 13 10.] Quoted 
by line. 

«=The same, edited by J. O. Halliwell from 
Harl. MS. 2253, London, 1840. [? Here- 
fordshire about 1 310.] Quoted by line. 

= Hali Meidenhad, edited by O. Cocka3me, 
E.E.T.S., No. 18, 1866. [About 1230.] 
Quoted by page. 

Robert of Brunne*s Handling Sinne; edited 
by F. J. Fumivall from Harl. MS. 1701, 
Roxburghe Club, 1862. [Lincolnshire 
about 1303.] Quoted byline. 

— Hymns to the Virgin, etc., edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 24, 1867. 
[About 1430.] Quoted by page. 



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XVI 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



H ALDORS. B Lexicon Islandico - Latino - Danicum 

Biomonis Haldorsonii, cura R. K. 

Raskii editum, Havniae, 1814. 
Halliw.«A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial 

Words, by J.O. Halliwell, London, 1850. 

Quoted by page. 
Hamp.ps. raHampole's Psalms and Canticles with a 

Commentary, edited by H. R. Bramley, 

Oxford, 1884. [Before 1340.] Quoted 

by psalm and verse ; or by page. 
H AMP. TR. ■■ Hampole's Prose Treatises, edited by 

G. G. Perry, E.E.T.S., No. 20, 1866. 

[About 1340.] Quoted by page. 
H AV. « The Lay of Havelok the Dane, edited by 

W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S.. No. iv. 1868. 

[? Lincolnshire about laSc] Quoted 

by line. 
Heyne wKleinere altniederdeutsche Denkmaler, 

mit ausfuhrlichem Glossar, heraus- 

gegeben von Moritz Heyne, Paderbom, 

1867. 
HiCKES *BLinguarum veterum septentrionalium 

thesaurus, auctore G. Hickesio,Oxoniae, 

1 705. Quoted by volume and page. 
Hipp. >=Dictionnaire de la langue fran9aise au 

XII« et au XIII* si^le, par C. Hip- 
peau, Paris, 1873. 

HiST.EDWD.aiHistorie of the Arrivall of Edward 
IV in England, a.d. 1471, edited by 
John Bruce, Camd. Soc. No. i. 1838. 
Quoted by page. 

HOCCL. -Poems by Thos. Hoccleve, London, 

1706. [About 1400.] Quoted by 
number of piece and line. 

HoccL. REG. PRIN.-De Regimine Principum, by 
T. Occleve, edited by T. Wright, Rox- 
burghe Club, i860. [i4lh cent.] 
Quoted fix>m N.E.D. 

HoLTZM. - Altdeutsche Grammatik von Ad. Holtz- 

mann. 
HOM. sOld English Homilies and Homiletic 

Treatises of the i ath and 13th centuries, 

edited byRichd. Morris, E.E.T.S., first 

series, Nos. 39 and 3a; and second 

series. No. 53, 1867-8, 18.73. Quoted 

by series and page. 
Horn (H.)- King Horn, heratisges^ben von C. 

Horstmann, in ARt:H. vol. L pp. 41-58. 

[Before 1300.] Quoted by line. 
Horn (L.)= King Horn, edited by R. Lumby, 

E.E.T.S., No. 14, i860. Quoted by 

line. 
Horn (R.)»The gefte of King Horn, in Ritson's 

Metrical Romances (i8oa), vol. ii. pp. 

91-155. Quoted by line. 
Horn (W.) = Das lied von King Horn, heraus- 

gegeben von T. Wissmann, Strassburg, 

1881. Quoted by line. 
Horn CH. — Horn child and maiden Rinmild in 

Ritson*s Metrical Romances (1802), vol. 

iii. pp. a8a-3ao. [Auchinleck MS. 

about i3ao.] Quoted by line. 
HUNT. —The Hunting of the Hare, in Weber's 

Metrical Romances (1810), vol. iii. pp. 



a79-a90. [? About 1375.] Quoted by 
line. 

Ihre sGlossarium Suio-Gothicum, auctore J. 
Ihre, Upsaliae, 1769. 

IPOM. «The Life of Ipomidon, in Weber's 
Metrical Romances (1810), vol. ii. a8i- 
365. [About 1440.J Quoted by line. 

Ipom. (K.)aIpomedon, in drei englischen Bearbei- 
tungen, herausgegeben von E. Kolbing, 
Breslan, 1880. [Version A, ? 14th cent. ; 
B (same as the above) ; C (prose), 1 5th 
cent.] A and B quoted by line, C by 
page. 

IsuM. BtThe Romance of Sir Isumbras, edited by 
J. O. Halliwell, in the Thornton Ro- 
mances,'pp. 88-1 ao, Cam. Soc. No. xxx, 
1844. [Before 1400.] Quoted by line. 

Iw. slwaine and Gawin, in Ritson*s Metrical 

Romances (1803), vol. i. pp. 1-169. 
[About 1400.] Quoted by Une. 

J. T. «St. Jeremie's 15 Tokens before Doomes- 
day, edited by F. J. Fumivall, in 
E.E.T.S., No. 69, 1878. [14th cent] 
Quoted by line. 

JARB. ejahrbuch fur romanische und englische 
Sprache, &c, von Ludw. Lemcke. 
Quoted by volume and page. 

John «■ The Gospel according to St John, edited 
by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 1878 
[Hatton MS. ?Kent about 1150]. 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

Jos. « Joseph of Arimathie, edited by W. W. 
Skeat, E.E.T.S.,No. 44, 1811. [Vernon 
MS. about 1350.] Quoted by line. 

Jul. «The Liflade of St. Juliana, edited by O. 
Cockayne and T. Brock, from two MSS. 
(Royal 17 A xxvii. and Bodl. 34). 
E.E.T.S., No. 51, 187a. [About laoo.] 
Quoted by page. 

Jul^ -The Metrical Life of St. Juliana (Ashm. 
43), in the same vol. [About 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

K. Col. k Three Kings of Cologne, edited from 
Cam. Univ. Ee. 4 and Royal 18 A. x. 
by C. Horstmann, E.E.T.S., No. 85, 
1886. [15th cent] Quoted by page. 

K. T. -The King of Tars and the Soudan of 
Dammas, in Ritson's Metrical Ro- 
mances (i8oa), vol. ii. pp. i56-ao3. 
[About 1330.] Quoted by line. 

Kath. -The Legend of St. Katherine of Alex- 
andria, edited by J. Morton, from MS. 
Cott. Titus D xviii. with v. r. from 
Royal 17 A xxvii. Abbotsford Club, 
1 841. [About 1335.] Quoted by line. 

KATH.(E.)-The same, edited by E. Einenkel, 
E.E.T.S., No. 80, 1884. [About i aoo.] 
Also printed with Kath.* Quoted by 
line. 



Kath* 



KiL. 



- The Life and Martyrdom of St. Katherine 

of Alexandria, edited from a MS. of 15th 
cent by H. H. Gibbs, Roxb. Club, 1884. 
[Prose, about 1430.] Quoted by page. 

— Etymologicum Teutonicae linguae, sive 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XVU 



dictioDariumTeatonico-Latinnm, stadio 

et opera Corn. Kiliani Duffl&ei, editio 

teitia, ADtverpiae, 1599. 
KK. L. -Knight of La Toor Landry, edited by 

Tho«. Wright, EE.T.a, No. 33, 1868. 

[About 1440.] Quoted by page. 
L c c. « Liber Cure Cocoium, edited by R. Morris, 

PhiloL Soc. 1863. [About 1420.] 

Quoted by page. 
L F. M. B. -The Layfolk's Maasbook, edited by T. F. 

Simmons, E.E.T.S., No. 71, 1879. 

[About 1 375-1400.] Quoted by page. 
L. H. ». -L^ends of the Holy Rood, edited by R. 

Morris, E.E.Ti>., No. 46,1871. Quoted 

by page. 
LN. F. -Altcnglische Legcndcn, neue Folge, 

herausgegeben von C. Horstmann, Heil- 

bronn, 1881. Quoted by page. 
La). -La)amon*s Brat, edited by F. Madden, 

Soc. of Antiquaries, London 1847. 

[? Worcestershire, first text about 1205, 

second about 1275.] Quoted by line, 
ui IE FK.- Lai le Freine, in Weber's Metrical 

Romances (1810). vol. i. pp. 357-371' 

[About 1335.] Quoted by line. 

Langl. -The Vision of William (Langland, or 
Langley) concerning Piers the Plow- 
man, three texts, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
E.E.T.S., Nos. 38, 38. 54, 67, 81, 
1867-85; afterwards edited for the 
Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1 886. [w^-text 
about 1363, B 1377, and C 1393.] 
Quoted by passus and line. 

UliCL. (Wr.)-The Vision of Piers Ploughman, 
edited by T. Wright, Ix>ndon, 1856. 
[A i^-text of the above; aboot 1377.] 
Quoted by line. 

UuNP. -Laun£al, in Ritson's Metrical Romances 
(1803), voL i. pp. 170-315. [About 
146a] Quoted by line. 

LIB. Jes. -Leben Jesu, herausgegeben von C. Horst- 
mann, MiiBster, 1873. £Aboot 1300.] 
Quoted by line. 

ulCHD.«Leechdoms, Wortcunaing, and Starcrafi 
of Early England, by O. Cockayne, 
Rolls Series, London, 1864- 1866, 
3 vols. Quoted by volume and page. 

U GON.-Dictionnaiie breton-francais de L. 
Gonidec, enrichi par Hersart de le 
Villemarque, Saint Brieux, 1S50. 

LEO. -Altenglische Legenden, herausgegeben 
von C. Horstmann, Paderbora, 1875. 
[Late 13th cent.] Quoted by page. 

UG. CATH.c-L^[endae Catholicae, a little Boke of 
scintlie Gestes. edited by W. D. Turn- 
bull, Ed inburgh, 1 840. Quoted by page. 

LUEft eMittelhochdeutsches Handworterbuch 
von M. Lexer. 

LlDC.BoCH.a The Tragedies gathered by L Bochas 
of all such princes as fell from their 
estates, etc. transl. b^ John Lydgate, 
edition of 1 558. [? Written about 1450.] 
Quoted chiefly from the N.E.D. 

Udc.m.p.-A Selection from the Minor Poems of 



/, 



dan John Lydgate, edited bv J. O. Halli- 
well, Percy Soic, vol. ii., 1840. [About 
I430'l Quoted by page. 

LiDG.TH.-The Story of Thebes bv Lydgate, 
printed in Ch. Quoted by line. 

Li DG. Troy -The Historic, Sege, and Distruccion 
of Troye, translated by John Lidgate, 
London, 151 3. [About 1430.] Quoted 
by book and chapter, chiefly from N . £. d. 

LiND. xLindisfame Gospels printed in John, 
Lk., Mk., Mt. [About 950.] 

LiTTR^ -Dictionnaire de la Langue fran9aise par 
E. Littr^, Paris. 1873. 

Lk. akThe Gospel according to Saint Luke, 

edited by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 
1874. [Hatton MS. ? Kent about 1 1 50.] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

LUD. Cov. - Ludus Coventriae, edited by J. O. Halli- 
well, Shakespeare Soc., 1841. [War- 
wickshire 15th century.] Quoted by 
page. 

M. Arth. -Le Morte Arthur, edited l^ F. J. Fumi- 
vall, London, 1864. [Harl. MS. 3353, 
about 1460 ; the date of composition is 
much older.] Quoted by line. 

M.God «* Mother of God,' by Hoccleve, printed 
in Ch. m. p. {About 1400.] Quoted 
by line. 

M. H. - English Metrical Homilies from MSS. of 
the 14th century edited by John Small, 
Edinb., 1863. [About 1335.] Quoted 
by page. 

M. T. "-Andent Metrical Tales, edited by C. H. 
Hartshome, London, 1839. Quoted 

Mau "Mallory's King Arthur, edited by 
R. Southey from Caxton's copy, London, 
1817. Sincere-edited by H.O.Sommer, 
London, 1889-90. Quoted by book 
and chapter. 

Man. (F.)- Robert Manning's Histoiy of England, 
edited by F. J. Fumivall, Rolls Series, 
London, 1887. [About 1330.] Quoted 
byline. 

Man. (H.) i- Peter Langtoff s Chronicle, as illustrated 
and improv'-d by Robert of Brunne, 
edited by Th. Hearne, Oxford, 
1735. [Lincolnshire about 1330.] 
Quoted by page. 

Mand. -The Voia^ and Travaile of Sir John 
Maundeville, reprinted from the edition 
of 1735, with an introduction, by 
J. O. Jialliwell, London, 1839, re- 
issued 1866, [About 1400.] Quoted 
by page. 

Map —The Latin Poems oommonly attributed 
to Walter Map, edited by T. Wright, 
Camden Soc., No. xvi. 1841. [Con- 
tains some Middle Eng. Poems : Body 
and Soul, from MS. Laud 108, I3tn 
cent. ; the same from Vernon MS., about 
1 310; Body and Soul (another ver- 
sion), from MS. Harl. 3353, about 
1335; Sir Penny, from MS. Cotton 
Galba E. ix., J4th cent.] Quoted 
by page. 



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XVlll 
Marg. 

Marh. 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Mer. si 



MiN. 



« Semte Margarete (in Marh. vol.), edited 
by O. Cockayne. [Harl. MS. 2377, 
about 1300.] Quoted by line. 
■ Seinte Marherete, )« meiden ant martyr, 
from MSS. Reg. 17, Axxvii, and Bodl. 
3 A [about laooj ; printed to|jether with 
Marg. (pp. 24-33) and Meidan Mare- 
grete (Trm. Coll. Cantab. MS. about 
1 258) pp. 34-43, reprinted from Hickes 
L 224 ff. ; London, 1862, afterwards 
re-issued E.E.T.S., No. 13, 1866. 
Quoted by page. 

MAS. -i A Poem on the Constitutions of Masonry, 
in Halliweirs Early History of Free- 
masonry in England, 1844, pp. 12-40. 
[14th cent.] <^oted by line. 

Mat. -The Gospel according to St. Matthew, 
edited by W. W. Skeat. Cambridge, 
1887. rHattonMS.?Kentaboutii50.] 
Quoted by chapter and verse. 

MED. = Meditations on the Supper of our Lord, 
etc, by Robert of Brunne, edited by 
J. M. Cowper, from Harl. MS. 1701, 
collated with Bodl. 415, E.E.T.S., No. 
60j 1875. [About 132a] Quoted by 
line. 
Merlin, a Prose Romance, edited by H. B. 
Wheatley, E.E.T.S., Nos. 10, ai, 36, 
1865-6-9. [About 1440.] Quoted by 
chapter and page. 
Poems of Laurence Minot, edited by J. 
Hall, Oxford, 1887. [MS. about 1415, 
composed about 1352.] Quoted by 
number of piece and line (in the earlier 
pages, sometimes by page of Ritson's 
edition, London, 1825.) 

MIR. PL. bA Collection of English Miracle-Plays, 
from the Chester, Coventry, Townley, 
and Digby Mysteries, tt^ether with 
God's Promises, edited by W. Marriott, 
Basel, 1838. Quoted by page. 

MiRC M Instructions for Parish Priests by John 
Myrc,editedby Edw. Peacock, E.E.T.S., 
No. 31 , 1868. [Shropshire about 1400.] 
Quoted by line. 

MISC. -An Old English Miscellany, edited by 
R. Morris, E.E.T.S., No. 49, 1872. 
Quoted by page. 

Mk. - The Gospel according to St. Mark, edited 

by W. W. Skeat, Cambridge, 1871 

Satton MS., ?Kent about 1150.] 
oted by chapter and verse. 
MoNE « Quellen und Forschungen znr Geschichte 
der teutschen Literatur und Sprache von 
F. J. Mone, Aachen, 183a 
w. E. D. —A New English Dictionary on Historical 
Principles, edited by J. A. H. Murray 
(A-CUvy), Oxford, 1884-1890. 

N. P. -Nugae Poeticae. Select pieces of Old 
English popular poetry, ^ited by J. O. 
Halliwell, London, 1844. Quoted by 
page. 

o. & N. . » An Old English poem of the Owl and 
the Niffhtmgale, edited by F. H. Strat- 
mann, Krefcld, 1868, previously edited 



by T. Wright, Percy Soc. vol. xi. 1843. 

[? Dorset, Wilts, or Hants ; about 1225.] 

Quoted by line. 
O'Brien = An Irish-English Dictionary by J. O'Brien, 

second edition, Dublin, 1832. 
OcTAV.(H.)»The Romance of the Emperour Oc- 

tavian, edited by J. O. Halliwell, Percy 

Soc vol. xiv. 1844. [Before 1400. J 

Quoted by line. 
OcTAV.(S.)»^The same, edited by G. Sarrazin, in 

Kolbing*s Altenglische Bibliothek, vol. 

iii. pp. 64 fif. [About 1400.] Quoted 

by line. 
0CT0V.(S.) =Octovian Imperator edited 'by G. Sar- 
razin, in Kolbing's Altenglische Biblio- 
thek, vol. iii. p. 1-63. [Before 1400.] 

Quoted by line. 
OcTOV.(W.)«The same in Weber's Metrical 

Romances (1810), vol. iii. p. 157-239. 

Quoted by line. 
O'Reilly— An Irish- English Dictionary by T. 

O'Reilly, Dublin, 1817. 
Orf. "Sir Orfeo, herausgegeben von O. Zielker, 

Breslau, 1880. [About 1300.] Quoted 

by line. 
ORIG. = Originals and Analogues of some of 

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Chancer 

Soc, 1875. Quoted by page. 
Orm. «■ The Ormulum by Ormin, edited by R M. 

White, Oxford. 1852. re-edited by R. 

Holt, 1878. [? Lincolnshire about 1 200. ] 

Quoted by Ime, or title of piece and line. 

Oudem. sBijdrage tot een middel- en oudneder- 

- landsch woordenboek door A.C. Oude- 

mans, Amhem, 1 869-1 878. 
p'. —A Poem on the Times of Edward U, 

edited by C. Hardwick, Percy Soc., vol. 

xxviii. 1849. [About 1320.] Quoted 

by stanza, 
p. L. 8. e Early English Poems and Lives of Saints, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, Philol. 

Soc., 1862. Quoted by number of piece 

and line (or stanza), 
p. p. ^Politi^l Poems and Songs, edited by 

Thos. Wright, Rolls Series, London, 

voL i, 1859. Quoted by page, 
p. P. II. «The same, vol. ii., 1861. Quoted by 

page, 
p. R.L. P. K Political, Religious, and Love Poems, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, E.E.TiJ., 

No. 15, 1866. Quoted by page, 
p. s. -iThe Political Songs of England, from 

the reign of John to that of Edward II, 

edited by T. Wright, Camden Soc., No. 

vi, 1839. Quoted by page. 
Pall. -Palladius on Husbondrie, edited by B. 

Lodge and S. T. Herrtage, E.E.T.S , 

Nos. 52 & 72, 1872. [About 1420.] 

Quoted by book and line. 
Pabten. -iThe Romans of Partenay or Lusignen, 

edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.&, 

No. 22, 1866. [About 1500.] Quoted 

by line. 
Parton. «The Old English version of Partonope 

of Blois, edited by W. E. Buckley, 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XIX 



Roxbnrghe Clnb, 1862. [About 1440.] 
Quoted by line. 

PEN. PS. =A Paraphrase of the Seven Penitential 
Psalms, in English vene, supposed to 
have been written by T. Brampton, in 
1414, edited byW. H. Black, Percy Soc., 
YoL vii. 184a. Quoted by page. 

Pmc «The Romance of Sir Perceval of Galles, 
edited by J. O. Halliwell. in the 
Thornton Romances, pp. 1-87, Camd. 
Soc., No XXX. 1844. [Yorkshire the be- 
ginning of the I5tii cent.] Quoted by 
line. 

PiLCR.s.v.«The Pilgrims* Sea Voyage, edited by 
F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., No. 25, 
1867. Quoted by line. 

PL. CR. = Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, edited by 
W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., No. 30, 1867. 
[About 1394.] Quoted by line. 

PL. T. -The Plowman's Talc, printed in Ch. pp. 
157-168; reprinted in P. P. [* Com- 
plaint of the Ploughman'] pp. 304- 
346. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
stanza. 

PR. c = The Pricke of Conscience by R. Rolle de 
Hampole, edited by R. Morris, Philol. 
Soc, 1863. [Yorkshire about 1340.] 
(^oted by line. 

H- P. -Promptorium Parvulorum, sive Cleri- 
corum, dictionarins Anglo-Latinus 
princeps, auctore fratre Galfrido, gram- 
matico dicto, ex ordine fratrum pre- 
dicatorum, Northfoldensi, circa A.D. 
1440, ad fidem codicam recensuit 
Albeitus Way, Camden Soc, Nos. xxv., 
liv., Ixxxix., 1843-65. Quoted by page. 

PBOC. -The only English Proclamation of 

Henry III, 18 Oct. 1 258, edited by Alex. 

T. Ellis, PhiloL Soc, 1868. Quoted 

by line of original MS. 
PS. ss Anglo^xoD and Early English Psalter, 

edited byT. Stevenson , Surtees Soc. , Nos. 

xvi, xix, 1843-7. [Before 1300.] Quoted 

by psalm and verse. 

QUAIR - The King's Quair, edited by W. W. Skeat, 
Scottish Text Soc, 1884. [About 1423.] 
Quoted by stanza. 

R. P. s Religious Pieces in Prose and Verse, 
edited from R. Thornton's MS. [about 
1440] by G. G. Perry, E.E.T.S., No. 
36, 1867. Quoted by page. 

R. R «> The Romannt of the Rose, formerly attri- 
buted to Chancer, printed in Ch. (T.). 
[? About 1400.] Quoted by line. 

R. 8. B. Religious Songs, edited by Thos. Wright, 
Percy Soc, voL xL, 1843. [About 
1 225.] Quoted by number of piece. 

R-w. = [Royal Wills.] A Collection of Wills 
DOW known to be extant of the Kings 
apd Queens of England from William 
I to Henry VII. Soc. of Antiquaries, 
1 780. Quoted by page. 

*IB. LiNC. ■> Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincoln- 
shire, 1470, edited by J. G. Nichols, 

b 



in Camden Miscellany, vol. L, Camd. 
Soc No. xxxix. Quoted by page. 

RKI» « Reliquiae Antiquae, edited by T. Wright 
and J. O. Halliwell, London, 1841-3. 
Quoted by volume and page 

Ric H. - Richard Coer de Lion, in W.eber's Metrical 
Romances ( 18 io\voLii. 3-2 78. [About 
1325O Quoted by line. 

RiCHEY »Idioticon Hamburgense von M. Richey, 
Hamburg, 1755. 

RiCHTH. = Altfriesisches Worterbuch von Karl von 
Richthofen, Gottingen, 1840. 

RiETZ -Svcnskt Dialckt-lexikon of J. E. Rietz, 
Lund, 1867. 

Rob. —Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle, edited 
from HarL MS. byT. Heame, London, 
18 10. [Gloucestershire about 1300.] 
Quoted by page. 

Rob. (\V.) » Theiame, edited by W. A. Wright, from 
Cotton MS. Caligula A xi., Rolls Series, 
London, 1 887. Quoted by line. 

Rqf. « Glossaire de la langue romane par J. B. 
Roquefort, Paris, 1808. 

s. A. L. »Sammlung altenglischer Legenden, von 
C. Horstmann, Heilbronn, 1878. 
Quoted by page. 

S.& c. I. « Songs and Carols, printed from a MS. in 
the Sloane Collection in the British 
Museum, edited by T. Wright, Warton 
Club, No. jj 1856. [? Warwickshire 
beginning of the 15th cent] Quoted 
by piece 

s. &c. II. » Songs and Carols, from a MS. of the 
15th cent., edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc voL xxiii. 1847. Quoted by 
piece. 

S. B. w. — King Solomon's Book of Wisdom, edited 
by F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., No. 69, 
1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted by 
line 

S. c. D. J. ■= Solomon's Coronation, Deeds, and Judg- 
ment, edited by F. J, Fumivall, in 
E.E.T.S.,No.69, 1878. [? About 1400.] 
Quoted by line 

s. J. «=A Song of Joy for Christ's Coming, 

edited by F. J. Fumivall, in E.E.T.S., 

No. 69, 1878. [? About 1400.] Quoted 

by line 
s. s. (WEB.)«The Proces of the Sevin Sages, in 

Weber's Metrical Romances (1810). vol. 

iii, pp. 3-153. [About 1320.] Quoted 

by line, 
s. s. (Wr.) - The Seven Sages, edited by T. Wright, 

Percy Soc, voL xvi. 1846. [About 

1425.] Quoted by line 

SACR. "The Play of the Sacrament, edited by 
W. Stokes, Philol. Soc, 1862. [About 
1460.] Quoted by line. 

SAIKTS (Ld.) = Early South-English Legendary from 
Laud MS. 108, edited by C. Horstmann, 
E.E.T.S., N0.87, 1887. [About 1290.] 
Quoted by number of piece and line, 
or by page 



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XX 



EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



Sal. & Sat. « The Dialogue of Salomon and 
Satumns, edited with introduction by 
J. M. KemUe, London, 1848. [? About 
1300.] Quoted by line. 

Sax. chr.=»Two of the Saxon Chronicles, edited by 
J. Earle, Oxford, 1865. [MS. Laud 
from 1 1 22-1 164, Peterborough]. Quoted 
by page. 

SCH.& LIJB. = Mittelniederdeutsches Worterbuch von 
K. Schiller und A. Liibben, Bremen, 
1875. 

ScHAMB. — Worterbuch der niederdeutschen Mundart 
der Fiirstenthiimer Gottingen und Gru- 
benhagen von G. Schambach, Hanover, 
1858. 

ScHMELL.»Glossarium Saxonicum e poemate 
Hcliand inscripto et minoribus quibus- 
dam priscae linguae monumentis col- 
lectum a J. A. Schmeller, Monachii, 
Stnttgartiae et Tubingae, 1840. 

SCHMID oBDie Gesetze der Angelsachsen, heraus- 
oe^ben von Reinh. Sdimid, 2. Auflage, 
Leipzig, 1858. 

ScHUL. eGothisches Glossar von Ernst Schulze. ' 

ScHUTZB«Holsteinisches Idiotikon von J. F., 
SchUtze, Hamburg, 1800-6. 

Shor. "The Religious Poems of William de 
Shoreham, edited by T. Wright, Percy 
Soc., vol. xxviii, 1849. [Kent about 
I3"5-] Quoted by page* 

SPEC. B Specimens of. Lyric Poetry composed in 
England in the reign of Edward I, edited 
by T. Wright, Percy Soc., vol. iv. 1842 
[from Harl. MS. 2253 (see A.D.).] 
Quoted by page. 

SQ. L. DEG. =The Squyr of Lowe Degre, in Ritson*s 
Metrical Romances (1802), vol. iii, pp. 
145-192. P About 1475.] Quoted by 
line. 

St. cod. « Codicem manuscriptum Digby 86, in 
bibliotheca Bodleiana asservatum de- 
icripsit, excerpsit, illnstravit E. Stengel, 
Halis, 1 87 1. Quoted by page. 

ST. R. —The Stacions of Rome, edited by F. J. 
Fumivall, E.E.T.S., No. 25, 1867. 
[Vem. MS. about 1375.] Quoted by 
fine. 

STOR. « A Selection of Latin Stories, edited by T. 

Wright, Percy Soc., voL viiL 1842. 

Quoted by page. 
TEST. C RES. - Testament of Creseide n)y Henryson] , 

formerly attributed to Chaucer, printed 

in Stowe's edition, 1561. [About 1430.] 

Quoted by stanza. 
TEST. LOVE = The Testament of Love [?by Hoc- 

deve, about 1400], formerly ascribed 

to Chaucer, printed in Ch. Quoted 

from N. £. D. 



Todd 



Tor. 



— Illustrations of the Lives and Writings of 
Gower and Chaucer, by H. J. Todd, 
London, 1810. Quoted by page. 

-Torrent of Portugal, edited by J. O. 
Halliwell. London, 1842. [About 
1435O Quoted by line. 



Tor. (A.) -The same [* Torrent of Portyngale'] re- 
edited bv E. Adam, E.E.T.S., No. li. 
1887. Quoted by line. 

TowNL. —The Towneley Mysteries, Surtees Soc^ 
No. 3, 1836. [Yorkshire about 1450.] 
Quoted by page. 

TRANS. - Archaeologia : Society of Antiquaries 
of London. Quoted by volume and 
page. 

TREAT. — Popular Treatises on Science, edited by 
T. Wright [containing *'\>e rijt put of 
helle" from Hari. MS. 2277, about 
1300 ; another copy of this text occurs 
in SAINTS (L.) xlvi.], Historical Soc. of 
Science, London, 1841. Quoted by 
page. 

TREAT. F.— Treatyse of Fysshinge with an Angle, 
attributed to dame Juliana Bemes, edited 
by T. Satchell, London, 1883. [15th 
cent.] Quoted by page. 

Trev. — Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden, to- 
gether with the English translation of 
John Trevisa, edit^ by C. Babington 
and R. Lumby, London, Rolls Series. 
1 865-86. [? Warwickshire, about 1390.] 
Quoted by volume and page. 

Trev. Earth. See Earth. 

Triam. —The Romance of Sir Triamoure, edited 
by J. O. Halliwell, Percy Soc, vol. 
xvi. 1846. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
line. 

Trist. —Die Nordische und die Englische Version 
der Tristan-Saga, herausgegeben von 
E. Kolblng, Heilbronn, 1882-3. Also 
edited by G. P. M«Neill, Scottish 
Text Soc., 1885-6. [About 1320.] 
Quoted by line. 

TUND. » Visions of Tundale, edited by W. D. Turn- 
bull, Edinburgh, 1843. [?Eeginning 
of 15th century.] Quoted by line. 

V. Sl v. —Vices and Virtues, a Middle English 
Dialogue, edited by F. Holthansen, 
E.E.T.S., No. 89, 1888. [About 1200.] 
Quoted by page. 

van DER ScH.-Teuthonista, of duytschlender, van 
Gheraid van der Schueren, uitgegeven 
door C. Eoonzajer, Leyden, 1804. 

voc. —A volume of vocabularies, edited by 
Thos. Wright, 1857. Quoted by 
page. 

voc. (W. W.)-The same, edited by R. P. 
Wiilcker, London, 1884. Quoted by 
column. 

w. & I. — Wills and Inventories from the Register of 
the Commissary of Eury St. Edmunds, 
etc., edited by S, Tynmis, Camden 
Soc., No. xlix. 1850. Quoted by 
page. 

Wart. » The History of English Poetry, by Thos. 
Warton, London, 1840. Qucited by 
volume and page. 

WiCL. -The Holy Eible in the earliest English 
versions made from the Latin Vulgate 
by John Wydiffe and his followers. 



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EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES. 



XXI 



edited by Forshall and Madden, Oxford, 
1850. [About laSo.l Quoted by title 
of book, chapter, and verse. 

WicL. E. w. -=The English Works of John Wyclif, 
hitherto unprinted, edited by F. D. 
Matthew, E,E.T.S., No. 74, 1880. 
[AboDt 1380.] Quoted by page. 

WicL. s. w. -Sdect English Works of John Wyclif, 
edited by T. Arnold, Oxford, 1869-71. 
[About 1380.] Quoted by volume and 
page. 

Will. -sThe Romance of William of Paleme, 

edited by W. W. Skeat, E.E.T.S., No. 

L, 1867. [About 1350.] Quoted by 

line. 
WiNT. 'bDc Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland be 

Androw of Wyntown, London, 1795. 



[About 1425.] Quoted by book, 
chapter, and Une. 

Wr, d I ct.« Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial 
English, compiled by T. Wright, 
L.ondon, 1837. Quoted by page. 

York -The Plays Performed by the Crafts or 
Mysteries of York on the day of 
Corpus Christi in the 14-1 6th cent., 
edited by Miss L. T. Smith, Oxford, 
1885. [About 1430.] Quoted by 
piece and line. 

ZEIT. — Zeitschrlfl fiir deutsches Alterthum, 
herausgegeben von Mor. Haupt und 
E. Steinmeier. Quoted by volume and 

P*g«- 
ZuP. iJBUNGSB. — Alt- und mittelenglisches Ubungs- 
buch von J. Zupitza, Oppeln, 1808. 
Quoted by page* 



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xxu 



COMPARATIVE TABLE OF REFERENCES TO 
CHAUCER'S CANTERBURY TALES. 





Six-Text. 


Group. 


LlNB. 


^ \ 


I 


I 




a 


859 




3 


3109 




4 


3187 




5 


3855 




\ 6 


3921 




7 


4325 




8 


4365 


H \ 


I 


1 




2 


99 




3 


1 165 




4 


1191 




\ 5 


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1881 




> 8 


1901 




» 9 


2T09 




\ lo 


2157 




1 u 


3079 
3181 




» 12 


J3565 
3653 




1 13 


3957 




& M 


401 1 


C 


\ n 


4637 ^ 
[none] 




1 1 


I 




S 2 


287 




^ 3 


339 




1 4 


463 


J) 


\ I 


I 




i 2 


857 




i 3 


1265 




\ 4 


1 301 




^ 5 


1665 




^ 6 


1709 


K 


§ I 


I 




§ 2 


l"77 








& 3 


1213 




J 4 


1245 




\ 5 


2419 


F 


§ I 


I 




^ 2 


9 




§ 3 


673 




§ 4 


709 


G 


§ I 


I 




S 2 


554 




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720 




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§ I 


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^ 2 


75 



Heading. 

General Prologue 

Knight's Tale 

Miller's Prologue 

» Tale 

Reeve's Prologue 

„ Tale 

Cook's Prologue 

„ Tale 

Man of Law*s Head Link or Prolog. 
„ „ „ . Prologue and Tale . 
„ „ „ Link or Shipman's Pro 
logue \or Squire's Prologue] 

Shipman's Tale 

„ End Link or Prioress' Prol. . 

Prioress' [Prologue and] Tale . . 

„ End Link or Sir Thopas' Prol. 

SirThopas 

„ End Link or Prol. to Melibeus. 

Tale of Melibeus 

Melibeus' End Link 

Monk's Tale (I) 

„ „ (2)* ;* Modem ' cases 



Tyrwhitt. Wright. 
Link. Link. 



Monk's End Link 

Nun's Priest's Tale 

,, ,, End Link .... 
Doctor's Prologue 

„ Tale 

„ Link or Pardoner Prol. . 
Pardoner's Preamble^r Prol. ^r Tale. 

Tale 

Wife's Preamble or Prologue . . 

„ Tale 

Wife-Friar Link 

Friar's Tale 

Friar-Summoner Link 

Summoner's Tale 

Clerk's Head Link or Prologue . . 

„ Tale . . 

Chaucer's Lenvoy 

Clerk-Merchant Link^Mcht's. Prol. 

Merchant's Tale 

,, End Link or Squire's Prol. 
Squire's Head Link 

» Tale 

Squire-Franklin Link<?r Frkl.'s Prol. 
Franklin's Proem and Tale . . . 

Second Nun's Tale .* 

Link or Prol. Canon's Yeoman's . 

Canon's Yeoman's Pream. or Tale $ 

Tales. . . . 

Manciple's Head Link or Prologue . 

>» Tale 

Blank-Parson Link 

Parson's Tale 



I 
861 
31" 
3187 
3853 
3919 
4323 
4363 
4421 

45^9 

12903 
1 293 1 
13365 
13383 
13621 
13642 

13847 

pp. 106-120 

13895 

13997^ 

14685* 

14338* 

M773 

14827 

15453 
1 1929 

1 1935 

12221 
12263 
13397 
5583 
6440 
6847 
6883 
7247 
7291 
7877 

7933 
9053 
9089 
9121 
10293 

10315 
10323 
10985 
11021 

15469 
16022 
16188 
16440 
16950 

17054 

17312 

pp. 148-172 



I 
861 
3U1 
3187 
3853 
3919 
4323 
4363 

4421 
4519 

14384 
1441a 
14846 
14864 
15102 
15123 
15227 
pp. 150-166 
15375 

15861 

15949 
16253 

16307 

[nonef] 
13410 
13416 
13702 

13744 
13878 

5583 
6440 

6847 
6883 

7247 
7291 

7877 

7933 

9053 

9089 

9121 

10293 

10315 

10323 

10985 

iioai 

11929 
12482 
12648 
12900 
16933 
17037 
17295 
pp. 1 85-2 II 



ii. 



Morris. Bell&Sk. 

VOL. PAGE. vol.. PAGE. 

ii. I 

27 

96 

98 
120 
122 
135 
136 
170 
173 

iii. 106 
107 
121 
122 
130 
131 
138 

139 
198 
aoi 
213 
216 
227 
229 
[nonef] 

75 
"i- 75 

85 

86 

n. ao6 
232 

246 

258 
259 
278 
280 

315 
317 
318 
354 
354 
355 
iii. I 
2 

46 

51 

58 
249 
252 
261 
263 



Tyrwhitt's order following the EUesmere MS., etc.: A; i9§ 1.2; D; E; F; C; ^§3-14; G; H; a 
Wright's, M0RR15', and Bell's order: A;B%i,2\D:E;F; G; C; B $ 3-14; H ; /. 
In Wright's 3 vol. edition B %\o\% in vol. iL 323-386, and / § 2 in vol. iii. 82-189. 

* In Tyrwhitt's edition, Divisions 2 and 3, are transposed {Jollowin^ tJu EUesmere and other MSS.). 
t But inserted as a footnote. $ There is great disagreement in the MSS. and printed editions here. 



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XXIU 



LIST OF GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS 
AND SIGNS. 



A. /r. = Anglo- French. 
aec, »accnsative. 
a^'.» adjective, 
ady., adv. = adverb, 
card. num. — cardinal numeral. 
c/.^canferatur, compare. 
comp. » comparative. 
cffmp, s compounds, 
conj., conj. = conjunction. 
/?a».» Danish. 
/?«. = I>utch. 
<£z/.= dative. 
dem. s demonstrative. 
deriv, « derivatives. 
fern. — feminine, 
/r. = French. 
^.« future. 
^3fii.« genitive. 
Ger. — German. 
GfiA.^ Gothic 
c;r. = Greek. 
Bigd. «« Hebrew, 
rw/^r. —imperative. 
impers. » impersonal. 
indie. c= indicative, 
inteij. » interjection. 
interrog, »■ interrogative. 
Zfl/.- Latin. 
M, Z>».« Middle Dutch. 
M. H. a -Middle High German. 
Af. L. G. — Middle Low German. 
m.. masc, » masculine. 



///jr. » manuscript, mss. manuscripts. 

tned. Zo/. » Medieval Latin. 

mod, ^/it^.-« modem English. 

«., mut.^ntvXtx, 

/i<7/yi. s nominative. 

num. — numeral. 

0, .ff.-Old English (Anglo-Saxon). 

a />.* Old French. 

a />!>.-= Old Frisic. 

0. .»: (7. -Old High German. 

O. L. (7. -Old Ix>w German (Old Saxon). 

a iV.- Old Norse. 

ord. num. — ordinal numeral. 

/^rj.— person. 

//.—plural. 

pple., pple, = participle. 

pr. n. —proper noun. 

prep. , prep, — preposition. 

/fTJ.— present. 

/r^/.— preterite. 

pron., pron, = pronoua. 

prcv, — provincial. 

r.— read. 

r. w, = riming with. 

rtf/. — relative. 

sb., j^.— substantive. 

jf.— scilicet. 

subj. — subjunctive. 

superl. — superlative. 

5'w.- Swedish. 

v.— verb. . 



Hie asterisk (*) after a reference indicates that the passage cited is contamed not in the text but in a 
note. In the case of parallel texts it indicates a quotation from the second of the two versions. 
For the meaning of the marks over the vowels see Preface, pp. viii, ix. 



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A DICTIONARY OF MIDDLE-ENGLISH. 



a. 



a, i^/ P al, an, P and, at, habben, he, of^ 9-6S. 

[a-, prefix, (9^.a-,= O.L.G,, OJF'ris, a-, O.H.G. 
ar-, er-, ir-, ur-, Goth, us-.] 

[a-*, prefix, = an-.] 

[a-^ prefix, = and-.] 

[a-*, prefix, = 56-.] 

[a-*, prefix, = of-.] 

a, adv., O^. a, o,= OJV, a, a, ei, ey, O.L,G.y 
O.H,G, eo, io, Goth, aiw ; ever, always, La^. 
4013 ; (tniswritien ae) 1269; a wurj)e hire wa 
FRAG. 8 ; ser ic hit a wuste P. L. s. viii. 9 ; 
world a buten ende A. R. 396 ; JUL. 22 ; ever 
and a a M. 18010; a [aa] on ecnesse Kath. 
664 ; )>at schal ai [aaj stonden 1490 ; a, a^j 
Orm. 265, 409, 1688; o and o hom. II. 5 ; o 
huten ende MISC. 73 ; 00, ai GEN. & EX. ill, 
451 ; ay and 00 Map 337 ; ai rel. I. 210; 
Hav. 159; Will. 2239; Ch. C. t. ^63; 
LiDG. M. P. 46 ; )>e blisse ]>at ai shal be 
SPEC 75 ; longe is ai ant longe is o 106 ; 
ai wi|iouten ende B. disc 531 ; ai forb Jos. 
126 ; ibr ai Iw. 1510 ; in ai PS. ix. 6 ; ai Horn 
(R.) 159; ei and o rel. I. 275; ft mftre 
\^0,H,G, eomer, mocLG, irtmer], evermore, 
HOM. I. II ; a, ai mare Marh. 3, 5 ; ai 
mare Kath. 1719, 2188. 

aSimcrj.=ilf./^.6^. a; ah, oh, LA5. 5015; A. 
R. 52; Jul. 70; Orm. 12808; Bek. 1177; 
C l. 1077 ; S. s..(Wr.) 1250 ; Langl. B xvii. 
124; Ch. C. t. .^41078; a hwi wepest bu 
HOM. I. 45 ; & b&, aha, ^evax^ PR. P. 8 ; 
Fer. 1 148; Ch. C. t. Z?586; & 50 (f ms. 
aje) p. L. s. xvii. 481 ; & wei, ah woe, Laj. 7223 ; 
awai MISC 192 ; a wi HOM. II. 193; a weile 
Map 336. 

aa, see &. aas, see fts. a-bao, see bab. 

a-bfidy sh^from abiden ; eUfode, delay, Degr. 

129; abod, abood Ch. C. t. .4 965 ; buten 

abade withotU delay Jul. 73. 
a-bflBlienyV., O.E.2Lh2SL\\^n;frovoke to anger; 

ah Bnittes weoren bisie and ofte bine abei- 

laden (pret.pl.) Laj. 10275. 



abassen. 

abai, sb., 0,Fr, abai ; condition of being at bay \ 

))e dogge . . . held it at abaie Will. 46 ; at 

abei Degr. 238 ; to abai H. v. lo, 
abaie, adv., at bay ; so hound abaie as a hound 

at bay Aus. 3882. 
abailen, v., O.Fr, abaillier ; reach, arrive at, 

LiDG. Troy v. 36. 
abaiss, abaist, see abaaaen. 
a-baiten, v., ? = M,H,G, erbeizen ; excite to 

desire) his flesshe on here was so abeltede 

(pple.) K. S. 181. 
abandonen, v., 0,Fr, abandoner, mod.Eng. 

abandon ; subdue; subject to another's control; 

surrender, give up entirely ; abandoune Barb. 

XV. 393 ; abandons (pres. 3 pL) CH. C. T, 

7775; abandonit {pret.) Barb. iv. 655; 

abandouned (pple.) Gow. 1. 213; abandoned 

III. 253. 
abanduHy adv., O./^. a bandun (^^^bandon) ; 

under on^s control; at discretion; unchecked, 
freely, recklessly ; his ribbes and scholder fel 

adoun, men might see the liver abandoun 

Ar. & Mer. 223 ; habben him so abandun 

(abaundune) HOM. I. 189, 203 ; folwed him 

abandoun GUY 181 ; In abandoun, recklessly, 

R. R. 234i2 ; at abandoun Barb. xv. 59. 
abandon-li, adv., recklessly, Barb. viii. 

461 ; xi. 629. 
a-b&nen, v., from b&ne, sb. ; afflict with 

disease; ab&ne (imper,) Langl. Cix. 226. 
abasoh, sb., f^om abassen ; fright, shame ; 

abassche Gow. II. 46. 
abasohance, sb., O.Fr, abaissancey2?resbais- 

sance ; dismay, confusion ; abasshaunce 

Gener. 5515. 
abasohdment, %h,,'dread, ' terror^ PR. P. 5- 
abassen, v., 0,Fr. esbahiss-; abctsh, Ch. 

BOET. iv. 7 (146) ; abaiss BARB. viii. 247 ; 

abaist {pple^ Mand. 295 ; Ch. Boet. iii. 

12 (107); abasched Alis. 224; abaischt 

Man. (F.) 5062 ; Wicl. Mk. v. 42 ; abaiste 

PR. c 1431. 



B 



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abassen. 



a-biten« 



abaiiMnge, sb., abashing, confusion, Ch. 
BOET. iv. I (109) ; abasing Barb. xvii. 573. 

abatailen, v., 0,Fr, enbatailler; embattle \ 
abatailed (pple^) Fer. 4310. 

abatailmenty sb., battlement^ Gaw. 790. 

ab&te, sb., discomfiture, surprise, quair 40. 

abatement, sb., OSr, abatement y&r enbate- 
ment ; wrongful seizure of property, Man. 
(H.) 278. 

abatement^ sb., 0,Fr. abatement; abatement, 
diminution, PR. P. 5. 

ab&ten, v., 0./>. abatre ; abate; cast down; 
humble; soften; abolish*, abatin ^ subtraho* 
PR. P. 5 ; abatie ayenb. 28 ; abati Rob. 
54 ; abate Will, i 141 ; abdtej? {pres,) Trev. 
II. 185 ; abates PR. C 1672 ; abated (pret) 
P. S. 216 ; abated {pple,) c. L. 1334. 

abdve, v., 0,Fr, esbaubir ; astonish; be aston- 
ished ; LiDG. M. P. 144 ; abdved (pple,) Man. 
(H.) 210; abawed Ch. d. Bl. 614; abawede 
{pi.) H. s. 9536. 

abbeie, sb., 0,Fr, dhh^\^,from Jjit, abbatia ; 
abbey, chr. £. 914; abbei Brd. 12; abbei 
Laj. 29717* ; abbai Barb. xx. 599. 

abbesse, see abbodeBse. 

abbod, sb., O.E, dihhod, from Lot, abbatem ; 
abbot, A. r. 314 ; abbed [abbod] LA5. 13131 ; 
abbot Brd. 12; abbede (dat,) La^. 131 17; 
abbates (//.) Sax. chr. 250. 
abbod-riohe, sb., O.E. abbodrlce ; office of 
abbot, MISC 145. 

abbodesse, abbesse, sb., 0,E, abbodisse, 
OJ^r, abbesse ; abbess : abbodesse Langl. C 
vii. 128; abbesse chr. £. 550; abbes M. H. 
164 ; abbese Rob. 370, 

abbodie, sb., abbcuy^ (ms, abboddie) misc. 
145. 

a-be-ce, sb., alphabet, RoB. 266 ; ayenb. i. 

a-be|eii, abu^n, v., O.E. abegan, abygan ; 
bend, bow {trans, and intrans,) : to non herre 
i schal abuie Rob. 102 ; aboide {pret.) Rob. 
106; ni \e\ abei^edon hem no thing to ]>e 
kingus best £d. 3458. 

abeie, see abuggen. abel, see able. 

a-b^lden, \.,grow bold*, abelde Alis. 2442. 

a-bel^en, v., 0,E, abelgan, « OJI.G. arbel- 
gan ; make angry, grow angry ; abalh {pret,) 
LA5. 26359*; abelh hom. I. iii ; abol^en, 
abolwen {pple,) La^. 1565, 6396 ; jiat hi ne be 
aboike {ffor abolje) Shor. 22. 

abeliche, see able-liohe. 

a-beoden, v., 0,E, abeodan,=a/f.(7. ar-, 
irbiotan ; offer, announce ; abeode, abede, 
abude Fer, 1540, 1833, 3853; ab§d {pret,) 
Fer. 1829 ; and his aemde abed La). 4423 ; 
)>ai ab6de {plur,) Fer. 1985. 

a'-bere, sb., cf, 0,H,G, antpara, M,H,G, 
ambaere ; gesture, Shor. 60. 



a-b^ren, v., 0,E, aberan ; bear, carry, endure^ 
^portare,* Lk, xi. 46 ; abeoren hom. I. 35 ; 
abeore bli¥eliche )je derf H. M. 17 ; ab6reS 
{pres:) A. R. 158; abor {pret.) Kath. 1555; 
ure drihten aber ure sunnan HOM. I. 121 ; 
aber up bore up 225. 

abemen, see abrennen. 

abesohe, v., 0,Fr, abechier {feed with the 
beak) ; feed; abeshed {pple,) Gow. III. 25. 

abesse, v., 0,Fr. abessier = abaissier ; abase^ 
Gow. I. III. 

abet, sb., 0,Fr. abet ; fraud, cunning; insti- 
gation ; Ch. Tro. (T.) ii. 357 ; mid gile and 
his abette Shor. 58. 

abette, v., 0,Fr, abeter ; instigate, incite^ Fer. 
5816. 

abetting, sb., abetting [v,r, abet] Ch. Tro. 
H. 357. 

abettementy sb., A,Fr, abettement ; abetment, 
{spelt anbettyment) Fer. 2364. 

a-bidden, v., 0,E, abiddan,=(?.Z,.(7. aq>it- 
tan ; {refl^ offer one^ sprayer : |)e hwile ich go 
to abidde {ffor jebidde) me Misc. 41. 

a-biden, v., 0,E. abldan, = 0,H.G, irbltan, 
Goth, usbeidan ; aMde, remain, await, a. r. 
208 ; Orm. 1 801 ; ne durste him nan abiden 
[abide] La^ 1583; abide Langl. ^viii. 
64 ; A ii. 210 ; C xxL 479 ; Hay. 1797 ; |»u 
ne darst domes abide o. & N. 1695; ^^ 
he most abide ]>e dai Bek. 736; abide)> 
{pres,) H. M. 17; abit A. R. 338; Marh. 
21; rel. I. 115; R. r. 4989; abid {tm- 
per.) La^. 21623; Orm. 14020; no abide 
he naevere ))aere dsegen La^. 21555; abftd 
{pret,) Kath. 719; Orm. 217; Iw. 1180; 
abad [abod] La^ 5681 ; sevene night he ¥er 
abiden {pret. pi,); abide ayenb. 13; 
abiding (pple, jbres.) Langl. ^xix. 289; 
Cxix. 136; xxin. 143; atoideta {pple.) Ch. 
C. T. -£1888; TOWNL. 315; abide C. L. 
1339; so longe ich (h)abbe abide )>er after 
L. h. r. 20. 
abiding, sb., OJE. abldung ; abiding, wait- 
ingf delay, expectation \ noght schende )>ou 
me fra abiding mine PS. cxviii. 116 ; abidinge 
AYENa 173 ; abiding A. P. iii. 419 ; abidinge 
WiCL. GEN. xlix. 10. 

abilite, sb., OJ^r. habilit^ ; abUity, cath. 3 ; 
Ch, astr. prol. ; ablete Wicl. E. w. 331. 

abill, see able. 

abime, sb., 0,Fr, abisme, ablme ; ahyss^ c M. 
22678. 

abit, see habit. 

a-biten, v., 0,E. abltan,= 0,H,G, xrfivaxi ; 
bite; bite in pieces, to death ; Laj. 26995 ; j^u 
starest so ))U wille abiten al )>at ^u miht mid 
clivre smiten o. & N. 77 ; abite Alis. 561 1 ; 
abite]? (pres,) Langl. Cxix. 32; mete ne 
drinke he nabit {for ne abit) Fl. & Bl. (I^) 
40 ; abite {pres, pi,) Langl. B xvi. 26 ; 
abiten {pret. pple.) rel. II. 276. 



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ablaqveacidn. 



a^-biifen. 



ablaqyeaoidn, sb., Lai, ablaqveatio ; 

ahlaqueationy laying bare of roots, Pall. 

il I. 
ablaqyeate, v., Lot. ablaqveSre ; lay bare the 

roots of a tree ; ablaqviate {imper,) Pall. 

iv. 91. 
a'-bl&sten, v., 0.E, onbliestan ; blow upon ; 

venira and fire togider he cast, that he 

Jason so sore abliiste (pret.) Gow. II. 

251. 
a-bl&wen, v., O^, ablawan ; blow up : ]>os he 

gan hire herte able we Shor. 160 ; ablSow, 

ableu (pret,) hom. I. 99 ; \eX was abldwe 

(PpU,) jK)r3 ))e fenim of ^ fende Shor. 

166. 
able, adj., O.Fr, hable ; able, suitable, apt, 

'kabilis, idoneus^ PR. P. 5 ; Ch. C. T. A 167 ; 

abill Ber. 3237 ; see hable. 
able-liche, adv., ably ; abeliche MAS. 243. 
ablenes, sb., ability, TEST. LOVE (n. E. D.) ; 

ablinesse Barth. (n. £. D.). 
ablen« \,Jrom able ; enable, qualify, empower, 

dispose: ablith {pres,) rel. II. 44; abiled 

(iple,) Hamp. tr. 20; abelled E. G. 316. 
a-blenden, v., O.E. ablendan, = 0,H,G. 

irblendan; blind, deprive of sight, LA5. 14657 ; 

this Icme shal Jupiter ablende Langl. B, xviii. 

137; ablendeS, ablent (pres,) A. r. 86, 214 ; 

ablent ayenb. 16; ablende (pret.) hom. I. 

121 ; Rob. 208 ; ablente Langl. B xviii. 323 ; 

ablend {ppU.) Marh. 15 ; ablent p. s. 380. 
a-bliken, v., O.E. abllcan, = M,H,G. erbll- 

z\niai\ grow pale', ablike]' (pres.) St. COD. 53. 
a-blinden, v., 0,E. ablindan, = O.H,G. 

erblinden ; grow blind', ablindeS (pres.) a. R. 

92; ablin&% HOM. I. 109; ha ablinda^ 

Marh. 15. 
abloi, interj., fOJFr. ablo {^courage, allons^) ; 

Gaw. 1173. 
abludonn, sb., Lat. ablatio ; ablution, Ch. C. 

T. (7856. 
a-blu^n, v., = M.H.G. erbliugen ; frighten, 

dismay: ))a iwar% \^X folc swi^ ablfiied 

(^le.) HOM. I. 89. 
abobben^v., O.Fr.2hohex', astonish', abobbed 

(pple) ksi. & Mer. 1969. 
abdd, see abftd. 
abof; abo^, see abufsn. 
a-bojien, v., bow ; abouwie leb. Jes. 849 ; 

abo^ede (pret.) Fer. 2070. 
abominable, adj., C?./^r. abominable; abomin- 
able, ayenb. 49 ; Ch. C. t. Z72oo6. 
abcHninaeioiiii, sb., OJ*r, abomination ; 

abomination, Cu. C. T. Z?2I79. 
abortif^ adj. & sb., Lat. abortivus ; abortive, 

WlcuJOBiii. 16; abortiif PL. CR. 485; ab- 

ortivea (//.) c. M. 22849. 
a-boBten, v., address boastfully, abo0tede, 

"€<i [pret:) Langl. A vii. 142 ; ^vi. 156. 

B 



abound* adj., O.Fr. abonde, ImI, abundus,V/. 

abt^din ; overflowing, Gener. 311; habound 

TUND. 92. 
about, abonten, abontestonding, see 

abfiten. 
abontien, v., f O.Fr. abouter, fmod.Eng. 

abut ; lean forward, stick out', aboutie (imper. 

3 pers.) A. R. 62. 
above, aboon, see abufen. 
a-broden, v., = M.H.G. erbreiten ; dilcUe, 

open wide: J)e ule hire e^en abr&d (fpret., 

for abradde) O. & N. 1044. 

abrege« v., O.Fr, abregier; abridge, PR. c 

4571 ; abregge CH. C. T. A 2999 ; abregge 

(imper.) MiRC 1629 ; abreggid (pple.) Wicl. 

E. w. I. 
a-breiden, v., 0.E, abregdan; draw out, 

spring up, awake; blame, upbraid ; A. R. 214 ; 

abreide * exprobrare* rel. I. 7 ; abreid 

(pret.) A. R. 238; abred Mat. xxvi. 51 ; his 

sweord he ut abraeid LA5. 26553; abraid 

GEN. & EX. 231 ; Ulixes out of slepe abraid 

Gow. III. ^4; abroiden, abroden (pple.) 

HOM. I. 239; ]>e abroidene bureh HOM. II. 

175, 209. 
a-br^ken, v., O.E. abrecan ; break in pieces j 

break forth, away : jif we mai owhar abreke 

Ar. & Mer. 7903 ; abraBo (pret.) Laj. 3532 ; 

abreken (pret. pi.) Map 338; abr6ken 

(pple.) Halliw. II ; ich am . . . abroken ut 

of )>on benden La^ 721 ; nu hafe% he mine 

ban alle abrokene 25928. 
a-brennen, v., = M.H.G. erbrennen ; bum 

up ; abemS (pres.) HOM. I. 239. 
a-brtetJen, v., O.E. abreo^an; degenerate, 

decay : )>at teon¥e werod abrSaS (pret.) HOM. 

I. 219; si al swa swi%(e) abrea% and adile- 

jede 235. 

abr6clie9 adv., see br6ohe. 
abr6che9 v., O.Fr. abrochier ; broach (a cask), 

Ch. C, t. Z> 177 ; A. P. L 1122. 
abBenoe, sb., O.Fr. absence ; absence, pr. p. 5 ; 

Ch. C. t. G 1214. 
absenty adj., O.Fr. absent ; absent, pr. p. 5 ; 

Ch. C. t. //'203. 
absoilOy see assoilen. 
absoluciun, sb., 0./^r. absolution ; absolution, 

HOM. II. 99; A. R. 146; absolucioun Gaw. 

1882. 
absolute adj., Lat. absolutus; absolute, un- 
limited, Ch. Boet. v. 6 (175). 
abst^ne, v., OF'r. abstenir ; abstain, Fer. 

3761 ; absteine WiCL. num. vi. 3. 
abstinence, sb., O.Fr. abstinence ; abstinence, 

ayenb. 236 ; Ch. C. t. 7682. 
abstinent^ adj., Fr, abstinent; abstinent, 

Ch. C. t. 7798. 
abstract, pple., Z^z/. abstractus; derived, 

Trey. I. 21. 
a'-bufen, adv. & prep., O.E, abufan (for on- 



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a^-bufen. 



aooompt. 



bufan) ; above \ (wj.abufenn) Orm. 588; abuven 
A. R. 304 ; HOM. II. 81 ; GEN. & EX. lo; )>at 
is us alle above Misc. 38 ; aboven Hav. 
1700; Mand. 10; Ch. C. t. ^1344; above 
Laj. 10302* ; AYENB. 35 ; upe ))e doune 
above Ba)>e ROB. 174; ase ich sede above 
Shor. 142; oboven PR. C 849; abowen 
(?=abouen) M. H. 105 ; aboje Fer. 2972, 4319, 

a-bu^en, v., 0,E, abugan ; bow^ bend^ submit 
{intrans. and reflex^ \ al him seal abuje 
[abouwe] Laj. 18854; \2X ich to eni mon 
schule abouwe L. H. r. 53 ; abowe Alis. 188 ; 
Em. 981 ; abowe to ))e kinges wille Bek. 867 ; 
abu3t> (pres,) o. & N. 782 ; abeah {pret) 
HOM. I, 227 ; abeh ^indinavit^ II, III ; into 
castle he abeh {went) LA5. 5210. 

abu^en, see abe^en. 

a-biiggen, v., 0,E, abycgan; buy, pay for ^ 
atone for^ HOM. I. 41 ; A. R. 188 ; SPEC. 112 ; 
\\x me smite bi ]?on rugge ah sare )>u hit salt 
abuggen Laj. 8158; abugge HORN (R.) 
1081 ; c. L. 394 ; abugge, abeie Horn 
(L.) no, 1075; abiggen Grm. 6907; 
abigge Alis. 901 ; MiRC 2010 ; abugge, 
abigge Langl. A iii. 236 ; abegge avenb. 73 ; 
abouhte (pret,) misc. 64 ; aboughte Ch. 

C. T. ^2303; aboujte Langl. Bix. 142; 
abouhte (^ret, plur.) Langl. ^x. 281; 
aboht (Pp/e.) H. H. 59 ; j^at we habbe)> deore 
abo^t Bek. 131 2 ; about an. lit. 91 ; abou^t 
Langl. Cxxi. 433 ; abouhte (//.) ^xviii.386. 

abiindanoe, sb., OFr, abundance; abundance, 
AYENB. 261. 
abiindatixit, adj., O.Fr. abundant ; abundant, 

D. Troy 1695 > abundand 5205 ; habundant 
Mand. 179. 

abiindin, v., 0,Fr, abonder ; abound, PR. p. 5 ; 
abounde rel. I. 265. 

abusohidy abussede, see enbusohe. 

abusen, v., Fr, abuser ; abuse, misuse, misre- 
present, Lidg. Boch. [in N. E. d.) ; abused 
(ppte.) guil.' i. 15 (in N. E. D.). 

abusioun, sb., 0,Fr, abusion; abuse,VfiCL. PS. 
xxxi. 18 ; abusion Ch, TrO. iv. 991. 

a'-buten, on-buten, adV. & prep., 0,E, a-, 
on-butan, = O.Fris. abuta ; about, around, 
Mk. iii. 34; Lk. xvii. 12 ; abuten A. R. 234; 
be deofel fe ge^ abutan al swa be gredie 
leo HOM. I. 127 ; his riht erm schal oicluppen 
me abuten 213; abuten [aboute] Eoverwic 
LA3. 16734 ; abuten midnihte 7983 ; abuten 
hise lendes Orm. 321 i ; whan se )»at preste 
floe ... an si)>e )>eowted hafden al abuten 
550 ; ever J)u were abuten to echen j>in ahte 
MISC. 176; he foren abuten bi Adad 
GEN. & ex. 2482 ; o and o abuten (^rbuten). 
ende hom. II. 7 ; abute midniht Kath. 1749 ; 
hwanne o}>re slepe}> hire abute O. & N. 1 593 ; 
abouten c. L. 703 ; abouten nine Hav. ioio ; 
aboute ayenb. 30; Langl. Ci. 193; -<4viii. 
30; Ch. C. t. ./4 2189; Iw. 2055 ; aboute al 



te ur)>e heo go)» treat. 137 ; (hi) beo)» aboute 
ire to schende Bek. 763 ; obout PR. c. 1905. 
aboute-stondinges, sb., pi., circumstances, 

AYENB. 174, 175. 
aboute-wcu^de, adv., on the way, trying (to), 

Triam. 65 ; Egl. 658. 
abuveiiy see abufen. 
ac, conj., 0,E, ac, ah, oc,= O.L,G, ac, GotA, 

ak, OM.G. oh; but, Rob. 2; ayenb. 6; 

Horn (H.) 860; Alis. 236; s. s. (Web.) 1313; 

Fer. 3761 ; Trist. 220; Langl. A I 119; 

Orm. 63 ; ac }>asr bi|) sor idol frag. 5 ; ac 

ajen ri^te hi beob Bek. 1624 ; nis nau^t malice 

ac hit is la^e Shor. 153; ac, ak c. L. 444; 

Will. 106, no; ak p. s. 211 ; ac, ach, ah 

HOM. I. 123, 145; ac, ah o. & N. 177, 1 176; 

Laj. 252, 1 3 132 ; (misprinted at) 6901 ; ah 

Kath. 5 ; spec. 46 ; Horn (R.) 841 ; chr. E. 

675 ; auh, auch A. R. 46 ; au^ hom. II. 258; 

oc Sax. chr. 253 ; gen. & ex. 213 ; oc he 

fle^ fro him REL. I. 212 ; ok HiCKES I. 231 ; 

P. L. S. iii. 7. 
a-cdlden, v., O.E. acealdian,=0.//^(7. ercal- 

ten ; growcotd, make cold; aooaldeS (pres,) 

A. R. 404; aoodlded (pp/e,) GEST. R. 83; 

acold p. 23 ; s. s. (Wr.) 2518. 
a-C&le, pple., Jrom O.E. acalan ; stij^ with 

cotd: he was so sore acale Gow. III. 296 ; 

acale [akale] Langl. B xviii. 392 ; Cxxi. 439; 

akale S. s. (Web.) 15 12. 
a-cangen, v., f become foolish*, aoangea tu 

Kath. 211 2 ; aoanget (ppie,) 2045. 
a-oasten, v., cc^t down ; akeasten Marh. 14 ; 

akaste (pret.) Marh. 2 ; dea% ne acaste nawt 

Crist ah Crist overcom dea^ Kath. 1127; 

aoast (ppie.) p. s. 149 ; Trey. IV. 95 ; nou is 

mi counfort acast PL. CR. 99 ; akast H. M. 5 ; 

akest A. R. 318. 
aooepty pple., Lat. acceptus ; accepted: in time 

accept WiCL. 2 Cor. vi. 2. 
acoeptable, adj., O.Fr. acceptable; acceptable, 

Gow. III. 250; Ch. C. t. Z?I9I3. 
accepteiiy v., O.Fr. accepter ; accept*, acoepte 

(pres. subj,) CT. LOVE 28. 
aooeSy sb., O.Fr. acces ; access, attach of fever, 

Halliw, 13 ; axsesse, accesse Ch. Tro. 

ii. 1578. 
aooidenoe, ^.,O.Fr. accidence ; chance, Gow. 

11.153. 
accident, sb., LcU. accidens; occurrence, attri- 
bute, Ch. Tro. iii. 918; Ch. C. t. £"607; 

WiCL. E. w. 466. 
accidie, sb., med.Lat, acddia, from Gr. 

oKtfdia; indolence, negligence, A. R. 208; 

sleau]7e )>et me clepep me clergie accidie 

AYENB. 16. 
accion, 6b., O.Fr. action ; action, Langl. Cii. 

94 ; acdoun Man. (H.) 196. 
accompt, sb., O.Fr, accompt, cf. aeount; 

account, Gow. II. 11, 286; acompte £. o. 8. 



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accomptable. 



acountre. 



accomptsble, adj., accountable, E. G. 379. 
accompten, v., account, reckon, esteem ; ac- 

comptcth Gow. III. 298. 
accustomaiince, sb., O.Fr. accoustumance ; 

custom: againe our old accustomaunce 

DREAM 256. 

acemen, v., O.Fr. acesmer ; adorn, a. r. 360. 

acMpe, see eso&pen. 

achat, sb., OJFr, achat, acat ; purchase, thing 

bought, Ch. Boet. i. 4(15). 
achate, sb., 0,Fr. acate ; from Gr, dxarrjs ; 

agate, A. R, 134. 
achatour, sb., 0,Fr. achateur, acateur ; buyer \ 

catour Gam. 321 ; achatoura, acatouris (//.) 

Ch. C. t. a 568. 
achanfen, see eschaufen. 
ache, sb., 0,E, aece, ece, frotn &ken ; ache, 

MISC. 65; Trev. IV. 119; WiCL. Mat. iv. 

23; LUD. Gov. 223; ache, ake ^ dolor' 

PR. P. 8 ; eche P. L. S. viii. 100 j a. R. 

282; HOM. II. 165; H. M. 35; hacheWlLL. 

905 ; comp. heaved-^ohe. 
ache% sb., O.Fr. ache, cf, mod.Eng, (small-) 

age; parsley y voc 139; PR. P. 6; SPEC. 26. 
a-cheoken, v., choke, suffocate: achoken 

Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (47); aohSked (pple,) 

HOM. II. 181 ; Ch. l. g. w. 2008 ; achoked 

Haluw. 15. 
a-cheoeen, v., = OH.G. irchiesen, O.L,G, 

akiosan ; choose ; ceoeas (pret,) HOM. I. 229. 
achesotm, sb., O.Fr. acheison (for ochtison) ; 

occasion, motive, Ar. & Mer. 132 ; see 

eneheistin. 
ach^Yen, v., O.Fr. achever ; achieve; bring to 

an end; come to an end; Gaw, 1838 ; 

ach6ved (pple.) R. R. 2049. 
a-deoven, v.,=il/.//.C7. erklieben; be cleft; 

)>in herte aclef (pret.) P. R. L. P. 252. 
acloien, v., O.Fr. encloer, cf mod,Eng. cloy ; 

lame (a horse) with a nail ; lame, hinder, 

obstruct; fill to excess ; acloijen, acloiin * <w- 

claudico, acclavo* PR. P. 6; aoloieth (pres.) 

Ch. p. f. 514; adoied (pple.) P. s. 335 ; acloied 

'acclaudicatus' PR. P. 6. 
a-olomen, v., cf. Du, verkleumen ; become 

torpid; adonunid (pple.) ^ eviratus, ener- 

vatus^ PR. p. 6. 
addsen, v., O.Fr. acl5re for enclore, see 

doten ; enclose ; adosed (pple.) Shor. 145. 
a-dumfleil, v., grow clumsy: oure hondis 

ben aolumaid ( pple.) * dissolutae sunt manus 

nostrae* WiCL. JER. vi. 24. 
acoie, v., O.Fr. aqvoier ; quiet, appease ; acoie 

R. R. 3564 ; aooiod (pret.) Will. 56. 
[aooint], aqyointe, adj. & sb., O.Fr. acoint ; 

acquainted, acquaintance, ROB. 465 ; aqvente 

R- R. 5023 ; acqvointis (pi.) Ch. C. t. (W.) 

7573 [v. r. acqveintances Z> 1991). 
[aoointance], aqyeiiitaiioe,sb., O./r.acoin- 

tance ; acquaintance ; aqveintance Ch. C. t. 



A 245 ; aqveintaunce Alis. 7258 ; aqvain- 

tonce AYENB. 143, 

aoointen, v., O.Fr. acointer, from med.Lat. 

adcognitare ; acquaint ; aqveintin * notifico ' 

PR. P. 13: aqveinte Ch. d. Bl. 532; a- 

oointede (pret.) Rob. 15 ; akointed (pple.) 

A. R. 218 ; aqveinted GUY 57. 
ao61deny see acdlden. 
ao61en9 v., O.Fr. acoler; embrace; aoo61e8 

(pres.) Gaw. 1936; aodlen (pi.) 2472. 
a-cdlen, v., O.E. acolian ; cool (in trans.) a. r. 

118; aodlede (pret.) HOM. I. 237; acdled 

(pple.) o. & N. 205. 
aoolity sb., med.Lat. acolytus ; acolyte, P. s. 

329 ; acolit Shor. 45 ; Onesimus, the acoht 

WicL. Col. prol. 
acombren, v., = enoombren ; encumber ; 

acombre Langl. B ii. 50 ; acumbri Misa 33 ; 

acumbre ( subj.) Guy 138 ; aoombrede (pret. 

pi.) DEP. R. ii. 28 ; acombred (pple:) Alls. 

8025. 
aoombring, sb., encumbering, perplexity ; 

accombringe ayenb. 182 ; acomeringe or 

aoomerment (cf O.Fr. encumbrement) 

* vexatio ' PR. P. 6. 
aoomplisBen, v., O.Fr. acomplir ; accomplish, 

Ch. Boet. iv. 12 (118); acomplise (pres. 

subj.) iii. 10 (92), 
aoord, sb., O.Fr. acord; accord, agreement, 

Bek. 718; Will. 2964; Man. (¥.) 5276; 

)>e3 we ne beon at one acorde o. & N. 181. 
aoordable, adj., proportionate, harmonious, 

Ch. Boet. ii. 8 (62). 
aoordance, sb., O.Fr. acordance ; agreement, 

Langl. Civ. 339; acordaunce Ch. Boet. 

ii. 8 (62) ; accordaunce iv, 6 (143). 
aoordanty accordant, adj., agreeable, Ch. 

C. T.A 37; acordant Shor. 89. 
acordin, v., O.Fr. accorder ; accord, reconcile, 

agree, PR. P. 6; acordi Bek. 731; ayenb. 

151; acorde}> (pres.) Shor. 139; acordi)> 

WiCL. Lk. v. 36; aoordede (pret.) Sax. 

CHR. 261 ; acorded (pple.) P. L. s. xxiv. 
a-o6rieii, v., tc^te, feel the pain of, misc. 75 ; 

j)U schalt acorien )?e rode A. R. 60 ; ))u hit 

schalt acore sore P. L. s. xv. 120; Jjou ne 

aujtest nou^t mi de)> acore M. T. 1 12 ; ac6rede 

(pret.) HOM. II. 45 ; })at acorede al ))is lond 

Rob. 75. 
aoom, see akem. acost, see cost, 
acount, sb., cf O.Fr. conte (sb.), aconter (v.) ; 

account, E. G. 8 ; acounte Shor. 47 ; ^elde 

trewe acounte E. G. 357 ; acooiintes (pi.) 

Bek. 164. 
acounten, v., O.Fr, aconter; account: ac- 
count ie p. L. S. xxiv. 86 ; aoounte)> (pres.) 

AYENB. 137 ; aoounted (pple.) P. s. 337. 
aoounting, sb., accounting, calculation^ 

Ch. Boet. i. 2 (8). 
acountre, see enoontre. 



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aooupen. 



&dle. 



acoupen, v., O.Fr. encoulper; inculpate^ 
accuse ; aooupede {pret^ Rob. 544 ; acouped 
LANGL.^xiii.459 ; acopeae Bek, 773 ; acouped 
{pple,) PR. C 2947. 

aooupen ^9 v., cf. 0,Fr. acoper ; strike^ deliver 
blows \ aooupede (pret.pl.) Fer. 1594. 
aoouping, sb., collision, Will. 3438. 

a-ooveren, v., 0,E, acofTian,=a//:G^. irko- 
boron; recover^n.U.'^^^ akoveren A. R, 364, 
412; aooverd (preL) Ar. & Mer. 315; 
aoovered (pple,) H. M. 11. 
aooveringe, sb., recovery^ H. M. 27 ; acovring 
C. L. 572 ; acoverunge hom. I. 251. 

aor6ohe, v., 0,Fr, acrochier ; encroachy a. p. i. 
1068 ; accroche Gow. I. 314, 

aotify adj., Fr, actif; active, Ch. Boet. i. i (6). 

aotuel, adj., Fr. actuel; actual \ (printed 
accuel) Shor. 107, 108. 

aoumbriy v., see aoombren. 

a-oumen, v., O.E. acuman ; attain, come to : 
ase ^ef hi hi^t mijt wel acome to letten other 
wile Shor. ^y, aoom (pret) Rob. 126. 

a-oumlen, v., become cramped f aoumblid 
(pple.) WiCL. JER. vi. 24 ; acomeled 
Ustomye^ VOC 161; acomelid ^ evircUus, 
enervatus* PR. p. 6. 

acuntren, see encontren. 

aoupementy sb., O.Fr. acoupement ; accusa- 
tion, Fl. & Bl. (H.) 1108. 

a-oursien, v., curse \ acursi o. & n. 1704; 
aour8e]> (pres.) Langl. ^xviii. 107; aour- 
Bede (pret.) HOM. I. 31 ; acorside ayenb. 57 ; 
aoursed (pple.) Brd. 24 ; Will. 901 ; acorsed 
Shor. 161 ; j?e akurside gost A. R. 234. 

aousaoioun, sb., O.Fr, acusation ; accusation ; 
accusaciouns Trev. V. 157; Ch. Boet. i. 4 
(15). 

acusen, v., O.Fr. acuser; accuse; acusi 
Shor. 34 ; aoOsede (pret.) Bek. 369. 

aousour, sb., O.Fr. accuseur ; accuser, Ch. 
Boet. i. 4 (16) ; Ch. l. g. w. 353. 

a-cw&kien, v., gucUlie ; aqvake Halliw. 76. 

a-owecchen, v., C?.£'.acweccan (set in motion) ; 
move, shake (in trans.) : )>e wode aqvei^te 
(pret.) so hi sunge Alis. 5257. 

a-cwellen, v., O.E. acwellen,=a/f.G^. ar- 

f[vellen ; kill, A. R. 334; Kath. 1826 ; aqvellen 
acwelle] LA5. 8773 ; aqvellen s. A. L. 153 ; 
aqvelle Alis. 80 ; s. s. (Web.) 2758 ; aqvelde 
acwelde] (pret.) Laj. 21 ; aqvelde Horn 
R.) 881 ; J)u acwaldest Marh. 12 ; aqveald 
acweld] (pple.) LA5. 974 ; aqvold MISC. 41 ; 
)ar mid beoj) men acwalde o. & N. 1370. 
a-owenoheiiy v., O.E. acwencan; quench, 
FRAG. 6 ; A. R. 224; aqvenche treat. 136 ; 
rel. II. 274; aowencheS (pres.) hom. 
I. 39 ; aqvenche)) Shor. 37 ; aqvenc)> 
AYENB. 207; aoweinte (pret.) A. R. 124; 
aqveinte Trev. IV. 115 ; ^e fur aqveinte sone 
Marg. 239; aqvenohed (pple.) hom. I. 81 ; 



acwenct Jul. 68 ; aqveint S. S. (Web.) 1991 ; 

Gow. III. 10. 
a-ow^'Sen, v., 0.E, acwe¥an; resound i hor- 

nes J)er aqvetSen [acwe|)en] (pret.) Laj. 27444. 
a-owikieiiy v., O. E. acwician ; quicken, 

(intrans.), become alive, A. R. 118; aqvikien 

HOM. I. 81; aqvikie Langl. C xxi. 394; 

aowikeC (pres.) hom. I. 189; aqviked 

(pple.) AYENB. 203. 
ad, sb., O.E. ad,=0./f.G. eit (ignis, rogus)\ 
fire, funeral pile, Kath. 1365* (^. r. fur); 

od ' rogus ' frag. 4. 
ad, see dad. 
a-dd^n, y.,^M.H.G. ertagen; awake up\ 

adawe Alis. 2265* ; ad&wed (pple.) Ch. C. 

T. E 2400. 
adamant, sb., O.Fr. adamant; adamant, 

diamond, loadstone, ' adamas,* PR. P. 6 ; Ch. 

C. T. A 1990. 
adamantine, adj., Z. adamantinus ; made 0/ 

adamant : writen . . in an adamantine nail 

WiCL. jER. xvii. I. 
adanten, v., O.Fr. adanter ; subdue ; adaunte 

L. H. R. 205 ; adauntede (pret.) Rob. 61. 
a-ddsen, v., dasse, dazzle, stupefy : as a witles 

man greteli adtoed (pple.) Todd 297. 
adden, v., Lat. addere ; cutd, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 

(83) ; addide (pret.) WiCL. Lk. xbc 11. 
addioidn, sb., O.Fr. addition; addition, 

PR. P. 6. 
addre, sh.,^ MX.G., M.Du. adre, adere; see 

naddre ; adder, s. S. (Web.) 749 ; Alis.* (Sk.) 

1009 ; Langl. B xviii. 333 ; eddre ayenb. 26 ; 

Shor. 161 ; Wicl. gen. iii. 4 ; addren (pL) 

Alis. 5262 ; eddren ayenb. 61. 
edder-wort, sb., snakeweed, leechd. III. 

323. 
a-deaden, v., cf. O.E. adydan, = O.H.G.irtodm ; 

deaden, put to death, die, decay ; no )>ing 

never nes ))er inne |>et hit muhte adeaden 

A. R. 112; adeadie (pres. subj.) HOM. 1. 

202 ; adeadet (pple) Kath. 2048. 
a-deaven, v., O.E. adeafian,=iT/.//.(7. er- 

tauben ; deafen ; addved (pple) Shor. 103. 
[adele, sb., O.E. SLdeiaL,=^M.L.G. adele, O.Sw. 

adel ; addle, filth.] 
adel-ei, sb., addle-egg, o. & N. 133. 
adese, sb., O.E. adesa ; adze, WiCL. Is. xliv. 

13 ; adis N. P. 14. 
a-deu, see deus. adite, see endite. 
a-dihten, y.,=M.H.G. ertihten ; ordain, dis- 
pose ; and so ich mine song adihte [adi;te] 

(pres.) o. & N. 326; adihteji P. s. 329; 

adiht (pple.) Kath. 1382 ; adijt l. h. r. 151. 
a-dile^ien, v., O.E. adilgian, adilegian ; abolish ; 

adilegade (pret.) Misc 145 ; adili^de HOM. 

I. 235. 
adle, sb., O.E. adl /., = M.L.G. add m. 

(ulcus) ; disease, Orm. 4803 ; adle Uangvorem^ 

Mat. IV. 23; ftdle (pi.) ^ aegrotationes^ viii. 17. 



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adlen. 



sdtre. 



adlen, v., O.N. 6^51ask, prov. Engl, addle ; 

€am\, adlen {ms. addlenn) heomes blisse 

Orm. 4185 ; thank adile Townl. 218 (mir. 

PL 140) ; adled {ppU.) Orm. 6235. 
adling, sb., earnings merits Orm. 17705. 
adli^ adj., O.E. adlig ; diseased^ frag. 3. 
admimstraoiomiy sb., O.Fr. administration ; 

administration, Shor. 57. 

ftHinii»«^ i1 j see <>.'nrHrft.<1, 

admitin, v., Zuit. admittere ; admits PR. P. 6. 
adopcioim, sb., Lot. adoptio; txdoptiony 

AYENB. lOI. 

adamen, aonmeiit v., O.Fr. adorner, aomer, 

LbU, adomare ; cidam ; adome)> (pres,) Ch. 

Tro. iiL I ; aonmed \pple^ L. H. R. 163. 
a-ddtien» v., dote, become silly \ & for dol 

addte}) (pres.) Will. 2054 ; ad6ted (pple,) 

Gow. III. 4;' dnsie men & adotede a. r. 

222. 

adrfDdeiLy see andr Aden, 
a-drofen, v., O.E. adr£fian ; expel; adrdfde 

ipret.) HOM. I. 219, 
a-drd^en, v., draw out; adrawe Roa 207; 

adroh (pret.) Laj. 7486 ; adrouj Jul." 205 ; 

bare swerdes ^an ^ adrowe Halliw. 22 ; 

adr^ (pple.) Fl. & Bl. 631 ; ayenb. 218. 
adrefen, see adrAfbn. 
a-drenohen, v., O.E. adrencan, «= O.H.G. 

ertrenchan ; give to drink, drown, plunge in 

water, A. R. 230; adrenche La). 1507*; 

Horn (R.) 109; Shor. 139; ayenb. 

50; p. s. 217; i schal me adrenche s. s. 

(Web.) 1470; adrenote {pret.) Rob. 489; 

adrengte Laj. 2568; \2X folc he al adrente 

25698 ; & aoreinten ham sulven i ^5er see A. 

R. 230 ; adreint (pple.) HOM. I. 141 ; Rob. 

51; S.S. (Web.) i486; TREV.V.99; adrenct 

HOM. I. 225. 
a-dreo^n, v., 0J£. adreogan ; suffer ; adri^e 

Horn (L.) 1035 ; fat his strok mijt adrie 

Haluw. 22. 
a-drilleiiy v., debase, corrupt f wanne man letej) 

adiille )»at he god ^Ide schel Shor. 114; 

^ he nadrille 90. 
a-dnnken, v., O.E. adrincan, = OJi.G. er- 

trinchan; be drowned; adrinke Misc ^^; 

Horn (L.) 971; adrono (pret.) a. r. 

58; |)er inne he adronc Laj. 2205 ; a^es 

adrunken 7852 ; adrunken [adronke] (pple.) 

La). 2224 ; adronke ROB. 430. 
a-driven, v., O.E. adrifan, «= O.H.G. artrtban ; 

drive away; addrivan HOM. I. IIS ; adriven 

(PPU.)]^JU^ii. 
a-dp^n, a-dru^en, v., 0J£. adrygan, 

adruwian ; dry up; adruwien A. R. 150 ; a- 

drouje Shor. 34; adrOeS, adruwe^ (pres.) 

A. R. 150 ; adr03ede (pret.) hom. I. 133. 
a-dombien, v., O.E. adimibian ; become 

dumb; adumbed (pple.) frag. 8. 
adune, see under dime. 



a-dilnen, v., din: |>u aduneat ))as monnes 

earen o. & n. 337 ; adenid (pple.) AuD. 78. 
a-dusten [Padiisten], v., cast down ; aduate 

(pret.) H. M. 41. 
adventysb., Lat. adventus ; advent, hom. II. 3 ; 

Bek. 1847. 
adversaries sb., O.Fr. adversarie ; adversary, 

AYENB. 238 ; Ch. C. t. B 3868. 
adyerse, adj.y 0./>.adyers; adverse, Gow. II. 

116. 

adversite, sb., O.Fr. adversity ; adversity, 
A. R. 194. 

adyertence, sb., O.F. advertence ; attention, 
Ch. Tro. v. 1257. 

a-dw^len^ v., - O.H.G. artwelan (torpere) ; 
fgrow stupid; swo heore wit hi deme]>adw61e 
(pple) o. & N. 1777. 

ardweaohen, v., O.E. adwsescan ; quench, ex- 
tinguish, Kath. 949; adwdaohde & a dun 
weorp )>e wi^rwine of helle 1 196 ; fir ne beo^ 
adwdaoed (ppie.) [* ignis non extingvitur'] 
Mk. ix. 46. 

», see &, da» and Aew. 

[»-, prefix, O.E. as',= O.Fris., O.N., O.H.G. a.] 

se-bere, adj., O.E. aebere, « O.Fris. aber, 
auber ; manifest, evident ; sebsere Orm. 7189 ; 
ebare La). 2271 ; eber c m. 813. 

cedy 8Bdi^, see dad, dadi. 

sfen, sb., O.E. ^en,^O.L.G. avond, O.H.G. 
aband ; evening : aven, eaven, even LA3. 1 1 16, 
5763, i957o> 26696, 26910; efen (ms. efenn) 
Orm. 1 105 ; even gen. & ex. 1675 ; ayenb. 
113; Gow. IIL 13; Ch. C. T. Z? 750; Man. 
(F.) 2440 ; eve O. & N. 41 ; Horn (L.) 364 ; 
an eve A. D. 289; aven rel. I. 194; ave 
Ar. & Mer. 5391 ; Sfne [eve] (dat.) o. & N. 
323 ; on ]>am efne Mat. xxvi. 20. 
even-li^t, sb., O.E. sefenleoht; evening 
light, Degr. 1601. 

even-Bong, sb., O.E. sefensang ; e%»en-song, 
Langl. .<4 v. 190 ; evesong A. R. 22. 
even-aterre, sb., O.E. aefensteorra ; evening 
star, misc 24 ; WiCL. Job xxxviii. 32 ; eve- 
sterre * (h)esperus^ PR. P. 144 ; Ch. Boet. i. 5 
(22). 

§ven-tid, sb., O.E. afentid ; even-tide, a. r. 
404 ; WiCL. GEN. i. 5. 

Aven-time, sb., O.E. aefentlma; evening- 
time: aeventime [evetime] Laj. 12858. 
even-while, sb., evening-time. Will 1747. 

Sfeningy sb., O.E. aefhung ; evening; evening 
Laj. 30419 ; evening, eveninge WiCL. Mat. 
XX. 8; eveninge ^ vesper^ PR. P. 144; in ))e 
eveninge ROB. 312. 

e&fhey see efen. 

eefre, adv., O.E. aefre ; ever^ Orm. 206 ; aefre, 
efre frag. 6, 7 ; afre, aevere, aefer, efer [efre, 
evere], Laj. 547, 1276, 3321, 6552 ; efre, efere, 
HOM. I. 9, 21 ; efre, evere (ms. euere), A. R. 
4, 62; evre Brd. 3 ; ayenb. 71; |>e faireste 



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Atre. 



&V6er. 



man ))at evre (ms, cure) ^ut on )»i lond cam 
Horn (L.) 788; evre, eavere, ever O. & N. 
238, 333, 1282; evre, evere Hav. 207, 
424 ; evere buten ende R. S. vii ; Svere mo 
R. S. ii; TREAT. 132; HOCCL. i. 199 ; evere 
more Mand. 241 ; evere, ever Ch. C. t. A 832 ; 
ever ant a Marh. i i ; ever and o Map 
342; falshede ever ^ite heo souhten C. L. 
342; ever pe furj)e peni P. S. 149; ever te 
ever yet misc. 31 ; ayenb. 96; avre {for 
eavre, see Eng. stud. IV. 100) honl II. 
37; swottre J)en eaver eni haliwei Kath. 
1707; ever [ere] more Man. (F.) 287; 
p. L. S. viii. 33 ; fiver *lo, ever ulc every 
(gvisqve) La^. 2378, 4599; eyere ilc Hav. 
1330; ever ilc on every one (unus qvisqve) 
GEN. & EX. 185; ever ilk Iw. 2739; Ch. 
C. T. A 1851 ; Tor. 2574; ever ich on A^ R. 
20; K. T. 612; aevric (=aevre ic) HOM. I. 
137; ever uch SPEC 26; eaver euch Kath. 
735 » efrec hom. I. 7 ; ever ihw&r every- 
where A. R. 200 ; eaver ihwer Kath. 681. 

e&ftemesty adj., 0,E, aBftemest,=C7<7M. af- 
tumists ; aftmost^ latest : bi eftemeste erdede 
hom. II. 23. 

SBften, prep., 0,E, aeftan,=C?.iVl aptan, Goth, 
aftana; after \ ?afte S. S. (Wr.) 701; comp, 
bi-aften. 

SBfter, prep. & adv., 0,E, aefber, = 0,L,G. 
aftar, 0,H.G. after, O.Fris. efter, 0,N. eptir, 
Goth, aftra {noKiv) ; after-, aefter [after] ))an 
flode LA5. 19 ; (he) ferde aefter (.alon£) ane 
bacbe 757 ; heo aexede aefter Brenne 5001 ; 
aefter |)ine raede 14178 ; his moder Elene him 
hafde isend aefter 11221 ; \t, heom after com 
1587 ; heo li^n after sae 20945 J after heore 
mihte P. L. S. viii. 89; & biheold- after help 
Kath. 744 ; after (ms, affterr) godes lare Orm. 
120 ; after fare longe tale o. & N. 140 ; word 
after word 468; after ^is dede GEN. & EX. 
355 ; after (along) ulche strete Misc. 66 ; after 
his wille C. L. 1329 ; make faste ]7e dore after 

e\ P. L. s. xvii. 416 ; he let after him sende 
EK. 1384; after )>an |>at seint Brendan furst 
%is ile isej Brd. 1 1 ; have)) jimed after j>e h.h. 
164; do efter J)es preostes rede HOM. I. 31 ; 
efter fan after that 1 1 ; efter fan fet fe mon 
bi^ dead 51 ; efter fet he have^ idon Angl. 
1. 17 ; efter mine heorte * secundum cor meufh* 
A. R. 56; efter his dea^e 314; efter fan 
AYENB. 24 ; efter wrake ... it criis C. M. 
1 1 30; heo biheld after Kath. 1877; and 
after f ohte hu heo mihte answere finde o. & 
N. 469 ; hit tidde after Will. 198 ; Paul com 
efter HOM. I. 41. 

after-olap, sb.,=Z?«. achterklap ; afterclap^ 
Ar. & Mer. 499. 

aftir-oomer, sb., WiCL. gen. xxi. 23. 

after-ddl, sb.,=Z>2/. achterdeel ; disadvan 
tage, Wr. DICT. 34. 

after-ende, sb., latter end, HOM. II 
199. 



efter-lit;, sb., cf 0,E. aeftera li^; fuly, 
Marh. 23. 

after-tale, sh,y=M,Du, achtertale ; defama- 
Hony Bek, 627. 
eftep-tellere, sb., ayenb. 58. 
after-ward, adv., 0,E. aefterweard; after- 
ward, afterwards, H. M. 37; Orm. 14793 ^ 
afterward Bek. 119; fe weren efterward 
mine milce that sought after my mercy 
HOM. I. 45 ; P. s. 333 ; efterward ayenb. 24 ; 
afterwardes Brd. id. 

eBftere, adj., O.E, aeftere, aeftra, = 0,H,G, 
aftero; after, following \ on fam aefteren 
restedaige Lk. vi. i ; on his efter tocome 
HOM. I. 95, 

8Bft«rlingy sb., f descendant*, afterlinges (//.) 
LA3. 19116. 

8Bf te- ward, ad v*, O, E, aeftewesird ; afterward ; 
on aefte-, aftewarde frag. i. 

»gede, sb. {cf, egede, adj.) ; f folly ; in aegede 
(aegaede) & m le^es Orm. 2166, 8046. 

8Bhte, see eahte. 

fiehte, sb., 0,E, seht, = Goth, aihts, 0,H,G. eht, 
from fth ; possession, property, cattle ; aehte, 
ahte, aihte, La^. 845, 373, 1078 ; aeihte frag. 
6 ; chte Alis. 1507 ; sio ehte Lk. xx, 14 ; bc- 
tacte heom his ehte {earlier version^hXB) Mat. 
XXV. 14 ; ehte, echte hom. I. 147 ; for his 
ehte {ms, hehte) lure 103 ; moni mon naHS 
ehta {fpl') 113; ehte, eicte {printed eitte) 
p. L. s. viii. 21, 131 ; eihte a.r. 214; Mxsa 
116; ejte PROCL. 6; eijte P. L. s. xvii. 
472; ei3te [aihte] lure O. Sc N. 1153; eahte 
Sax. chr. 253 ; on fere weor(l)dliche eahte 
HOM, 1. 191 ; ahte Kath. 1725 ; spec. 46 ; (ms, 
ahhte) Orm. 1609 ; hise agte and erve GEN. 
& EX. 742 ; aght TOWNL. 1 1 ; aihte MiSC. 
6q; binimeb hem hwile oref hwile o¥er 
aihte REL. I. 128 (hom. II. 161); auhte, 
auchte, aucte Hav. 531, 1223, 2215 ; aught 
s. S. (Web.) 738 ; P. s. 256 ; comp, qvie-ei3te. 
eiht-gradiy adj.,^r^^^ of property, hom. 1 1. 
29. 

fiihte-leB, adj., destitute of property, HOM. 
II. 29. 

8Bi, see Ani. SBie, 861369 see 030. 

cei'Ser, pron. & adv. (for *&-3ehwef er), 0,E, 
aeghwae&r,2eg¥er, = 0.-^.C7. eogihwedar, mod 
Eng, either ; either {each of two, any one of two) ; 
or ; aei^r [aifer] wende to his hole LA3. 1 5982 ; 
aei^er deade men and qviken (r. qvike) 7990 ; 
eifer 1892; e35ferr heore Orm. 413 ; eijt^er 
HOM. I. 223 ; ei^fer, eifer Will, ioio, 
1240; ei^r Kath. 1983; ei^er gen. & 
EX. 2855 ; HOM. I. 21 ; eour eifer I. 15 ; to 
eifer limped his dole A. R. 10 ; on eiber side 
Rob. 17 ; eifer ... or Ch. C. t. A 1645 J 
in felde eifer in toune H. s. 996 ; eifer, aiber 
O. & N. 7, 796; Langl. jff ix. 85; aifer 
TREAT. 139; ayfer Mat. xiii. 30; Hav. 
2665 ; S. S. (Wr.) 7Z7 ; eider, aider ayenb. 



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toendien. 



53,66; ej^r of 50U Degr. 1177; er E. G. 

31 ; fare he noi^ er fare he su% REL. I. 211 

(Misa 4) ; §iperB (g^.) Will. 1014. 
sic, slch, see aighwilo. 
side, see elde. 8Bldre, see eldre. 
e-lenge, elinge, adj., 0,E, aelenge Alfr. p. 

C^ijprav^ng, (Kent) ellinge ; distant, lonely, 

wretched, Laj. 15 190; elenge P. R. L. P. 85 ; 

eknge, elinge Trev. VI I. 341 ; elenge [eling] 

Langl. ^prol. 190; elinge leg. 183; s. a. 

L. 160 ; elenge [alenge] Ch. C. T. Z> 1199 ; ye 

libbe)> an alenge lif S. s. (Web.) 227. 
Slenge-liohe, dAv., wretchedly, Langl. ^xii. 

45. 

sm, see am. eende, see ende. 
§ne, adv., 0,E, aene ; once ; fene hom. I. 15 ; 

0. & N. II07 ; MISC 83 ; P. L. S. xxi. 29 ; REL. 

1. 113; LEG. 81 ; for ene and for evere Laj. 

20462 ; at ene at once Rob. 47 ; LEG. 37 ; 

MISC. 227; M1RC82. 
nne0, 2.&v.,^0.H.G. eines, O.L.G,, O.Fris. 

cnes, enis; once, Sax. chr. 248; Laj. 

29325 ; Orm. 1078 ; enes HOM. I. 37 ; MISC. 

78; Rob. 197; Jos. 25; enes o¥er twjes 

A- R, 70 ; et enes 420 ; enis P. s. 203 ; enus 

AUD. 43 ; enes {aliqvando) \m sunge o. & N. 

1049; eanes H. m. ii; enes anes HOM. 

11.67, 109; anes Kath. 126; Iw. 29Z ; 

ones GEN. & EX. 3288 ; treat. 132 ; MiRC 

638 ; Will. 195 ; Mand. 221 ; at ones Hav. 

1295 ; Shor. 145 ; Ch. C. t. a 765. 

»ni [P&ni], adj., O.E. senig (ullus, aliqvis),^ 
OSris, enich, enig {ullus), OX,G. enag (uni- 
cus), OJi.G. einig, einago {unicus, ullus, 
aliqvis), Goth, ainaha (untcus); any ; aeni Sax. 
CHR. 253; aeny, ani J)ing ^ aliqvid' Mat. 
V. 23, xxiv. 17 ; anig man Mk. ix. 30; enig, 
eni Angl. VII. 220; aeni, asi, ei L^^. 2392, 
4270,^663 ; eni Kath. 1267; treat. 133; 
Shor. 30; AYENB. 16; Will. 1077; eni 
fring o. & N. 720 ; eni god man 1015 ; eni, 
ei A. R. 8, 64 ; Fl. & Bl. 301, 813 ; eni, eani, 
ei HOM. I. 13, 33, 185 ; eni, ani, oni Ch. C. 

. T. ^ 198 ; ani3 Orm. 1761 ; ani leechd. III. 
96; gen. & EX. 2 181; Hav. 10; Trist. 374; 
ani, oni hom. II. 19, 43; oni procl. 6; 
Mand. 2 ; ei r. s. v ; enies (gen, m, n.) 
HOM. I. 121 ; Shor. 95 ; eis [eanies] weis 
Mark. 13 ; ftnigen {dat,m, n.) leechd. III. 
84;anigen Mat. xvi. 26 ; eie A. R. 202 ; filne 
(ace. m.) LA5. 3692 ; die (ace,/,) Laj. 6616 ; 
5nie (n&m, pL) ayenb. 68 ; anie o¥re H. M. 
7 ; onie procl. 6. 

[«r-, prefix, = or- ; see «r-w§ne, -witte.] 

ir, adv. & prep., 0,E, ^r,^O.L.G,, O.Fris., O. 
H,G, er, Goth, air (irpm), 0,N, ar, mod,Eng, ere ; 
early^ before; rather ; FRAG. 5 ; P. L. s. viii. 7 ; 
ar, er, ar (/y&r aer) LA5. 372, 655, 1581 ; aer 
ten ^t ifel com him to Orm. 8 15 i ; aer )>an he 
boren wjere 814 ; ar & late 6242 ; er treat. 
136 ; H. H. 222 ; swa er swa (c^soon as) hi hit 



habbe^ HOM. 1. 105 ; a Intel er 93 ; er crist wes 
iboren 15 ; er ure drihten come to f isse live 9 ; 
er dei before day 39 ; er timan before the time 
105; er ^n previously 27; er |)isse 11; 
er |>onne 37 ; er jjon fet heo toferden 93 ; 
ear 17 ; alse ich er seide A. R. 10 ; er to sone 
)>en to leate 20 ; to er o¥er to leate 338 ; ear 
we weren vorgulte 388 ; er and late spec 99 ; 
er he were ded chr. E. 462 ; er dai Bek. 
1227 ; er, ere, ear, ar o. & N. 859, 12 16, 1309, 
1560, 1637; er, ar Jos. 122, 243; er, or 
Horn (L.) 535, 553 ; spec. 72, 94 ; Will. 
147, 1612 ; Ch. C. t. -^436; Man. (F.) 
2769, 5094 ; er [ar, or] dai Langl. A v. 
s?32, B V. 459, C viii. 66 ; ear Kath. 368 ; 
ear, or GEN. & EX. 47, 48 ; ar leechd. III. 
94; HOM. II. 43; Degr. 253; av. Arth. 
iii ; aar Alis. 5033 ; ar, or Trev. I. 131 ; Iw. 
66, 1030; or Hav. 1043 ; Egl. 256; or E. w. 
I ; jar, 5pr Guv (Z.) 4570, 10434. 

mr-daweSy sb., pi., 0,E, serdagas = O.L,G. 
erdagos, 0,N, ardagar ; former days : are 
dawes Hav. 27, 

dr-d§dey sb., 0,E, aerdaed ; former deed\ 
erdede hom. II. 153; for ]>ine Arddden 
[erdede] (//.) Laj. 8745. 

Sar-liojiy adj., = 0,N. arligr ; early, A. R. 
258; darliohe, \p,E, ierllcej (adv,) Kath. 
116; erliche Bek. 905; Will. 1296; erli 
Ch. C. T. -^ 33 ; arliche S. S. (Web.) 204 ; 
orli Man. (H.) 32. 

ftr-morwey sb., 0,E, aermorgen ; early morn- 
ing : an armorwe Halliw. 84 ; on ememarjen 
(^^ermarjen) hom. I. 115 ; an ememorewe 
MISC. 45. 

serdy see eajrd. fiere, see dare, ftre. 
serende, ^rende, sb., 0,E, aerende,=(9.Z.(7. 
§,rundi, 0,N, erendi, drindi, eyrindi, 0,H,G, 
arunti ; cf Goth, aims (messenger) ; errand \ 
aemde, emde, erende, aninde ^arende] Laj. 
1 42 1, 10057, 24838, 25266; erende O. &. N. 463 ; 
Horn (L.) 462 ; erinde A. R. 246 ; erande Bek. 
1234; Ch. d. Bl. 134 ; arende rel. 1. 130 (hom. 
II. 167) ; arunde Em. 8 ; ernde R. s. iv ; Rob. 
147 ; P. s. 329 ; Amad. (R.) XX ; (ms, ermde) 
Orm. dedic. 159; emde, erande, arende 
Langl. A iii. 42 (B iii. 41 has message) ; erand 
Trist. 847 ; erond Degr. 904 ; erdne gen. & 
EX. 787; (ms, herdne) HORN (H.) 480; 
drendes (gen^ mon La^. 24862. 

drinde-bere, sb., messenger, A. R. 60 ; erand- 
here (ms, herandbere) REL. I. 146. 

drende-beorere, sh,!' messenger, A. R. 60*. 

drend^rdke, sb., 0,E, aerendraca = 0,N, 
erindreki ; messenger, La^. 660 ; erendrake 
HOM4 II. 35 ; drendrdken (//.) Lk. xiv. 
32. 
^rendieiiy v., 0,E, arendian,=<9.Z.6^. arun- 
dian, 0,H.G, arinton ; intercede for, commend : 
and bad heom amdien him to hash^en J>an 
kingen La^. 23315; drnde (imper,) me 
to fi leve laverd Kath. 2158 ; emde me ^e 



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Arendien. 



sBt-g&n. 



blisse of heovene a. r. 38 ; emde us hevene 
liht SPEC. 62. 
fo(e)ndinge9 sb., intercession^ mediation^ 
MISC. 190, 191 ; emdunge Marh. 23 ; em- 
dinge HOM. I. 207 ; Horn (L.) 581 ; emding 
SPEC 58. 

serer, adv., O.E, xror,= 0./f.G. eror, Gofk, 
airis; earlier^ sooner^ LA3. 25351 ; al swo hit 
was erur bispeke o. & N. 1738 ; erer P. R. L. P. 
221 ; )>e erur HOM. II. 61. 
&rre, adj., 0,E, ^xx^^O.Fris. erra, O.H,G. 
eriro, Goth, airiza ; former, A. R. 10* ; earre 
H. M. 7; hire erure [erore] freond R. S. v; 
Misc 173 ; |)e eror wit Rob. 324. 

merest, adv., O.E, serest, 2erist,= C?.Z(7., O.H,G, 
erist ; Jirsty Laj. 18 ; erest O. & N. 683 ; Misc. 
38 ; Jos. 56 ; aira erest )>u me scalt don riht 
HOM. I. 33 ; ))et ich erest seide A. R. 220 ; 
))eonne on erest biginne^ be deoflan to weden 
264 ; erst, arst Ch. C, t. A 776 ; erst [arst] wil 
i wite more Langl. B iv. 105 ; at erst [arst] 
Ch. C. t. E 985 ; on earst Marh. 14 ; arest 
Lk. ix. 61 ; arst Will. 3046 ; Misc. 198 ; 
(a)tarst Hav. 2688 ; orest GEN. & EX. 2061. 
fireste [ereste], adj., 0,E. aereste,=(9./f.(7. 
eristo ; first, earliest, Laj. 2646 ; ))et ereste 
HOM. I. 75 ; )>e ereste dole A. R. 8 ; ure earste 
ealdren Kath. 885. 

8Brhy see ai^. serm, see earm. 

flsr-wene, adj.,=<9.i?. orwene; hopeless, de- 
sperate, LA3. 27537. 

8Br-witte, adj., witless, LA5. 22069. 

fiesty see dast. 

8Bt, prep., 0,E., xt,=0,L.G., 0,N., Goth, at, 
0,Fris, et, 0,H,G, az, ez, Lat, ad ; a/ : aet j>are 
sae Mk. iv. I ; aet Lundene procl. 7 ; aet |)ire 
dure frag. 6 ; et ))en fontstone 8 ; aet Cristes 
maesse Sax. chr. 255 ; at Wudestoke 251 ; aet 
his sadele LA5. 6473 ; aet ))e oSer haelve 6474 ; 
he nom raed aet (sec, text of) his monnen 1648; 
ic wolde iwiten aet {sec, text of) J)e 9132 ; )>at 
hit at ))e to^n atstod 27631 ; at hire heonomen 
laeve 127 1 ; hwil he bi^ at hame H. M. 31 ; at 
his borde o. & N. 479 ; at ))an ende 826 ; at 
sume sibe herde ich telle 293 ; at undren MiSC 
34 ; at j»on ende 7% ; sat at borde Horn (L.) 
827 ; ))e5 he at di)>e laie 1252 ; leve at (of) hire 
he nam 585 ; at te laste treat. 139; beginne 
at his heved P. L. s. vi. 13; at te cherche 
Will. 1961 ; at cherche ayenb. 56 ; ate (=at 
te) daie of dome 13 ; it was ten at the [te] 
clokke Ch. C. T. ^ 14 ; at o worde (with one 
word) G 1360 ; she dorst(e) at no wight asken 
it Ch. Tro. iv. 672 ; al j^at ))ei han a do R. R. 
5080; J?e word was at (with)^ ^apud* go*WlCL. 
J OHN i. I ; at (ms. att) heore nhte time Orm. 2 16 ; 
Crist woldefulhtned beon at sant Johaneshande 
10655 ; i shal hafen . . . god laen at god Orm. 
DEDic 143 ; ))er Moises fatte be lahe at (from) 
ure laverd Kath. 2500 ; mai ne no leve at hire 
taken GEN. & EX. 2697 ; es noght at (to) laine I w. 
703 ; he rad in et J»an estjete HOM. 1. 5 ; et sume 



time 151 ; up et (to) mine chinne 35 ; )hi most 

bijeten milce et )>ine drihtene 33 ; iwite¥ et 

ower meiden A. R. 64 ; et te dome Marh. i 5 ; 

he schal have a do . . . wi)) hem Mand. 132 ; 

with wimmen have thou nat a do Lidg. m. P. 

66; |)er ben ate seve si^ twenti ^ate Fl. 

& Bl. (H.) 613 ; & lokede out j)er ate P. L. s. 

xiii. 340 ; at after soper Ch. C. t. Fy>2. 
»t, sb., 0,E, aet, = 0,L,G, at, MJDu, aet, O.H,G. 

az (n,),from^t&a;/ood\ dte (dot,) ORM.7852; 

on drunke & on ete P. L. S. viii. 130 ; on ete 

o^r on wete HOM. 1. 103 ; ate II. 228 ; comp, 

ofer-, or-dt (-et). 
8et-Mren, v., 0,E, aetberan,=(7^M. atbairan 

(npoa<t>€p€Uf) ; bear away : a wolf his ojier child 

atbar (pret,) L. N. F. 214. 
8Bt-blenchey v., escape, MISC. 79 ; LEG. 166 ; 

from }ye dreorie dea¥ ne mai no mon atblenche 

R. S. V. 
8Bt-breide]i,v., 0,E, aetbregdan; snatch amc^\ 

ffitbruden (pret,pL) Lk. xi. 52 ; ffitbroiden 

(pple,) Mat. xxi. 43 ; atbroide O. & N. 1380. 
e&t-br^ken, v., break away ; atbrso (pret.) 

LA5. 1346 ; etbrec A. R. 48 ; etbrSken (//.) 

172 ; etbrdken (pple.) Marh. 16 ; er he were 

him atbroke Misc 44. 
e&t-bresten, v., OJE, aetberstan ; burst away; 

atbresteS (pres,) hom. II. 197; (ms. at- 

brested) rel. I. 224 ; atbrast (pret.) Orm. 

14734; atbrosten (pple.) rel. I. 222. 
flBt-oreopen, v., creep away : j)e . . . weoren 

atordpene La^. 5671. 
cet-oomeiiy v., esccipe', atkam (pret.) rel. I. 

234. 
SBt-d&rien, v., lurk, escape notice : nis )>er non 

)»at heom atddre]? misc. 153. 
8et-ealden P v. : ]>e weren bo^ teames ateald 

(fpast the age) HOM. II. 133. 
set-eoweiiy v., O.E. aeteowan, -^wan ; show, 

appear; atSowede (pret.) Mat. ii.7; ateawede 

xvi. I ; atewede ii. 13 ; atewde Mk. ix. 4 ; fa 

ateoden (r. ateode) him ure drihte La^. 29620; 

at(e)awed (pple.) hom. I. 225. 
»t-fallen, v., O.E. aetfeallan ; fall away ; »t-, 

atfiallen (pple.) Laj. 4237, 8995 ; me is . . . 

moni crume etfallen A. R. 342 ; atfalle R. s. viL 
SBt-fdren, v., escape ; atfaren Laj. 27071. 
eBt-fleon, v., O.E. aetfleon ; flee away ; etfleon 

A. R. 172 ; etflihS (pres.) A. R. 48 ; atflihj), 

atflij) o. & N. y]\ atflSh (pret.) Laj. 5209 ; 

atflash Orm. 19639; etfluwen a. r. 172; at- 

flowen LA3. 2480 ; etflowen (pple) A. R. 48 ; 

atflowen Laj. 27071*. 
»t-f5ii, v., O.E. aetfon; receive; atf^ngen 

(pret.) LA5. 15359. 
8et-f6re]i, prep., O.E. aetforan ; before, Lk. x. 8 ; 

FRAG. I ; aetforen ure isworene redesmen proc 

8 ; atforen LA3. 2252 ; etforen hom. 1. 41 ; a.R. 

226 ; atvore alle o))er Rob. 351. 
8Bt-gaii, v., O.E. aetgangan,B^^M. atgaggan; 

go from : J)ar fore ich JJenche hire atgo MiSC 



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fidt-g&n. 



set-iK^ten. 



11 



i6i ; atgej) ipres.) Misc loi ; (heo) atga^ HOM. 

1. 35; atgdth {ms. atgoht) SPEC 48 (A.D. 188) ; 

^och his wele))e him atgo [|>eih his eihte him 

ago] REL. I. 176; when mi lif is me atgd 

(ppU,) SPEC 74- 
c^H^^den, v^ giiiU cnvc^ ; atglide Angl. IV. 

198, 
8Bt-hilden, v., retain^ LA5. 91 76 ; at-, ethalden, 

-holdan HOM. I. 47, 91 ; etholden cwide o¥er 

fimdles o¥er lone A. R. 208 ; atholde o. & N. 

695 ; M. T. 96 ; atheist (pres^ ROB. 193 ; 

etbalt A. R. 246 ; ath§old ( pret^ La^. 768 ; ))e 

nihtegale in hire jjohte atheold al J)is O. & N. 

392; etheoldj atheld Kath. 99 ; athuld Rob. 

62 ; atlUUden (ppU:) H. M. 39. 
St-hinden, adv., behind^ (ms, athenden) rel. 

1. 179 (MISC 123). 
SBt-liiteiiy v., f remit ; edie ben alle )>o Jie here 

giltes ben atldten (pp^e.) hom. II. 69. 
»t-lliSieny v., become odious \ atl&Sed (pple,) 

La^ 2258. 
8Bt-leden, v., 0,E, aetlsdan ; lead away ; atle- 

den La^. 320a 
st-llcheiiy v., dissemble : )>a lette he hine at- 

lichen La^. 6621. 
flBt-liggen, v., 0>E. 2etlicgan,=6^^M. atligan 

{KopoKMurBw) ; lie without i ]>at lond )»at is longe 

tiRSe atleien (pple.) rel. 1. 128 (hom. II. 161). 
8Bt-lutien, v.^ O.E, aetlutian ; kide oneself) 

etlutian A. R. 400. 
St-necheiiy v., reach at; snatch away ; at- 

rv^ht (pple,) LEG. 42 ; who so ever he at- 

raught Ar. & Mer. 4827 ; when al mi ro were 

me atraht spec 37. 
St-rodeiiy v., / surpass in counsel ; atrede 

Ch. C. t. a 2449. 
St-riden, v., ride away ; atrftd» atraed (pret,) 

Laj. 31439. 
flBt*rine,v., 0,E, sethrinan; /^j/^A; attrine misc. 

53; etrineV {pres.) A. R. 50; atr&n (pret.) 

Mat. viiL 15 ; ^if he hine mid sweorde atran 

Laj. 1554 ; strinen {pple.) Mat. xiv, 36. 
flBt-rinnen, v., 0,E, aetiman, = Goth, atrinnan ; 

run away ; atrenne Ch. C. t. A 2449 ; aeteme 

Horn (H.) 907 ; atran (pret.) Orm. 1424 ; 

atam Shor. 1 49 ; atamde Rob. 539 ; after )>an 

Irisce bas U^ ffitumen (//.) La^. 18267 ; 

ataemden 191 19. 
Bt-r&ten, v., f escape \ Jm ne miht nowar atrute 

0. & N. 1768 ; atroute S. A. L. 160; )>er nas 

prince . . . ^at him mi^te atroute RoB. 78. 
et-Baken, v., O.E, setsacan; deny^ renounce: 

ich atsake hine here La^. 28210; atsdk (pret.) 

MISC 45 ; cBtsdken (pi) Lk. viii. 45 ; atsoken 

[asoken] La^. 6101 ; bute hi here la^e asoke 

Horn (L.) 65. 

Vt^flcheaken, v,y escape) atsceken La^. 26516. 
^'(ruihJM/ein^\,yShootawa^ (intrans,); atschet 

ipret.) 0. & N. 44 ; bah mi lif me beo atsoh6te 

1623. 



Sdt-Bdohexiy v., seek ; atsechen La^ 13322. 

st-sittey v., O.E. aetsittan; resist, Hay. 2200 ; 
Rob. 137; asitte Ocrov. (W.) 1665; )>o he 
godes heste atseet (pret.subj) c L. 235. 

89t-8liken9 v., slip away; atslikez (pres.) A. P. 
i. 574. 

89t-8lupen» v., slip away : al min hope were 
etsldpen (pple) a. r. 148. 

8Bt-8prmgenyV., O.E, setspringan; springup; 
at8prong(e) (pple,) c L. 152. 

»t-sptimen» v., 0,E, aetspuman ; dash the foot 
against) stspeme (pres. sub/.) Mat. iv. 6 ; 
Lk. iv. II. 

Sdt-standen, v., 0,E. aetstandan, = Goth, at- 
standan (*Vi-, napa<rrrjvai)y 0,H,G, azstantan ; 
stand by, withstand) etstonden ^ stare* HOM. 
1. 129 ; ^ef ha etstonden wuUe^ mine unwreste 
wrenches Marh. 14; atstonde O. & N. 750; 
MiSC 144; fcer he wolde atstonde [astonde] LA3. 
2661 ; no fing mijte hem atstonde [astonde] 
Rob. 20; he nolde no whar atstonde (j/oy) Bek. 
2358 ; ]ie king made (h)is stede astonde Fer. 
4235 ; etstondest (pres,) A. R. 236 ; atstdd 
( pret,) Horn (R.) 1455 ; Rob. i 5 ; Ar^uratstod 
and biheold LA5. 26073 ; when hem most ned 
atstod Am. & Amil. 1728; astod rel. I. loi ; 
CHR. E. 62 ; atstonden (pple.) Laj. 19853. 

8Bt-6terteny v., start away ; etsterten A. R. 48 ; 
atsterten, atstirten Kath. 699, 2126 ; »t-, at- 
sterte, -sturte [ast(e)orte] (pret,) La^. 2316, 
4264, 12965 ; etstert (pple,) A. R. 48. 

aet-stiinteiiy v., stop, hinder; remain) ne 
etstmiten ne etstonden J)e strenc¥e of mine 
swenges Marh. 15 ; )>ah an etsterte us tene 
schulenetstunten Jul. 50 ; heatstunte [astinte] 
Rob. 168; hu }>at ufel wes atstunt La^. 31903. 

8Bt-8tatten, v., tarry ; atetutte - [etstutte] 
(pret,) Kath. 23 ; atstutten h. m. 21. 

8Bt-wappeny v., f escape) atwappe (pres,) 
A. P. ii. 1205 ; atwaped (pret.) Gaw. 1167. 

set-wenden, v., escape) atwende o. & n. 1427 ; 
Merlin him Atwende (pret.) La^ 18 176. 

8Bt-winden, v., 0.£'.aetwindan ; escape; depart, 
cease) atwinden La^. 10003; atwinden ORM. 
8004 ; atwand, atwond (pret.) Laj. 874243 ; 
^is unweder ¥or atwond gen. & EX. 3058 ; 
atwtixiden [atwonde] (pple,) Laj. 12869. 

8et-witeii,v., 0,E.2eVN\i2iTiymod,Eng.iy/\i) re- 
proach with ) atwite Shor. 98 ; AVENB. 198 ; 
hwi schal he me his sor atwite O. & N. 1234 ; 
awite REL. I. 157 ; atwit (pres,) LA3. 25023 ; 
AVENB. 66 ; etwiteS (imper,) A. R. 70 ; etw&t 
(pret.) Kath. 2364; atwot S. S. (Web.) 1876 ; 
(heo) atwiste Fl. & Bl. 590; M. T. 105; 
atweste [atwitede] Roa 33; atwiten La^. 
26584 ; atwiten (pple,) Laj. 19594 ; atwiten 
o. & N. 935; atwite Ar. & Mer. 9250; 
atwist Haluw. 109. 
atwitinge, sb., reproach, ayenb. 65. 

Sdt-witen, v., depart : and god atwdt (pret.) 
into hise lijt GEN. & EX. 1049. 



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12 



SBt-wrenchen. 



afforce. 



8et-wrenchen, v., escape ; etwrenchen Marh. 

15 ; atwrenche o. & N. 248. 
»^, see ea8. 
8BCel,sb., 0,E. ae^el (//.aeyelu),= a/>^V.ethel, 

O.L.G,, O.N, a^al, 0,H,G, edil, adal («.) ; 

natural disposition^ nobility^ honour', a|)el 

SPEC. 33; mid ae^ele help his broker La^. 

9263; af?ele {pi,) ^ naiura^ Halliw. 105; 

a¥ele, ae^len, aVelen Laj. 3751, 10629, 12915. 
fie'Sel, see el'el. 
8B8eley »Cel, adj., O.^". ae¥ele,=(^.i:.c;. a^al, 

e¥ili, 0,Fris, etheJ, 0,H,G, adal, edel ; m?^/^, 

generous^ LA5. 661, 6528 ; a)>el Gaw. 241 ; 

a. p. ii. 761; sum a)>el man Orm. 611; 

se a¥ele refe Mk. xv. 43; atSel (sb,) prince 

Laj. locgi ; a^ele (nobly) iborene LA5. 

26746 ; ttoeles (gen, n^ La^. 16544 ; atSelere 

(dat,f,) Laj. 30216 ; »t$ele (//.) La^. 4864 ; 

a)?ele o. & N. 632; hire e¥ele vif wittes A, R. 

172 ; aSeles (sb,) noble men La^. 7852 ; a'Selere 

(gen.pL) La^. 26695 J aSelen (dot, pi.) Laj. 

27189; mid e^le worde hom. II. 125 ; sBoelest 

(superL) LA5. 261 1 ; atheliste D. Arth. 1593. 
ffil'el-boren, adj., O.E, ae¥elboren, = 6>.Z.6^. 

a^alboran ; nobly bom^ FRAG. 4 ; aethelboren 

Lk. xix. 12. 

»8el-mddy adj., noble-mindedj La^. 23255. 
89t$elieily v., O.E, (ge-)ae¥elian ; dignify^ 

honour \ aetJelede, a^lede (pret,) LA5. 2815, 

6650 ; comp, ^e-8Boelien. 
8B]7elingy sb., O.E, ae¥eling, = 6).Fw. etheling, 

O.H.G. ediling ; nobleman^ frag. 2 ; a|)eling 

R. s. vi ; REL. I. 172 ; wo so were next kmg bi 

kunde me clupe)> him a)>eling Rob. 354 ; e)>e- 

ling MISC. 106 ; ttSelinge (dat. pi.) La^ 874. 
seven, see dfen. fieyerOy see £fre. 
[»w] », sb., O.E. xyry3£y=0.Fris. ewa, O.H.G. 

ewa, eha, ea ; laWy rights HOM. I. 227 ; Orm. 

145 ; |)eo aide e hom. I. 89 ; ese John vii. 19. 
£w-br6Bohe, sb., O.E. aewbreca, -brica; 

* adulter,* FRAG. 5; eawbrekere [=M.//.G. 

ebrechaere] adulterer HOM. I. 29. 
eu-br(iohe, sb., O.E, aewbryce; adultery, 

HOM. I. 49 ; eawbruche H. M. 43* ; eaubruche 

A. R, 204 ; ewebniche hom. II. 213. 
sex, see eax. af, see ofl 
a-feren, v., 0,E, afaeran ; terrify ; afere ROB. 

22 ; Fer. 387 ; Langl. ^ xx. 165 ; Rich. 

4104; |)u miht mid )>ine songe afere alle ))at 

herej) pine ibere O. & N. 221 ; af§rde (pret.) 

Wart. hist. I. 16; averde [aferde] La^. 

25554 ; afSred, avaered, afeared (ppie.) LA5. 

3076, 12730, 17057 ; afered HOM. I. 53 ; a. R. 

326 ; SPEC. 85 ; Gow. II. 21 ; aferd Ch. C. t. 

A 628 ; Mand. 294 ; Townl. 28. 
a-fallen, v., O.E. afeallan, =(?.//;(;. erfallan ; 

fall down : ower prude schal avalle o. & N. 

1685 ; avaUeS (pres.) A. R. 246 ; afSol (pret.) 

HOM. I. 223; LA5. 31967; afiEtllen (pple.) 

HOM. I. 205; )>i wal is afallen LA3. 1 5949; 

afalle REL. II. 272 ; Trev. V. 199. 



a-fandien, v., O, E. afandian ; try, temp 

afonde P. L. s. xxii. 12 ; afonde[> (pres,) Shor. 

73 ; afknded (pple,) P. L. S. viii. 75*. 
a-fangen, v., receive; afonge o. & N. 11 96; 

Alis. 606 ; ^at seint Michel ous mote afonge 

and tofore him lede treat. 140 ; he avaDge)> 

(pres,) Shor. 50. 
a-f&ren, v., O.E. afaran,= 0.-^.(7. arfaran ; 

depart', ^Xkre (pple.) La^. 13533*; as J)(e) 

emperour fram home was afare P. L. S. xix. 

177. 
a-feden, v., O.E. afedan ',/eed', afSdde (pret.) 

HOM. I. 227. 
afel, sb., O.E. afol, O.N. afl ; power: fob it litel 

be it hafe)> mikel afel Orm. 3717. 
a-fellen, v., O.E. afellan, 2Sy\\2Ln,=^ O.H.G. 

irfellen ; fell, throw down, Kath. 689 ; avel- 

len [afallen] A. R. 122 ; afelle Alis. 5240 ; 

afelde Tafulde] (pret,) La^. 22814 ; afelled 

[availed] (pple.) Laj. 2069 ; afallet Marh. 1 1. 
a-fermien, v., O.E, afeormian ; sweep clean : 

mid besme afermed (pple.) Lk. xi. 25. 
a-ferren, v., O.E. afyrran ; remove ; aferrede 

(pret^ Fer. 5565; aferred (pple) Mat. 

ix. 15. 
affaiteii, v., O.Fr. afaitier ; affect; fashion, 

prepare; Jit up, adorn; tame, subdue ; Langl. 

^v. 49; afaitiRoB. 179; Shor. hi; afeited 

(pple.) A. r. 284 ; afaited ayenb. 212. 
affeooiun, sb., (f printed affectiun), O.Fr. 

affection ; affection, A. R. 288 ; aflfeccioun 

ayenb. 151 ; Ch. C. t. B 586. 
afln^rOyV., O.Fr.Hmx', pertain', afl^rlB (pres.) 

Barb. i. 162 ; affiered (pret.) Mer. 225. 
afrerme, v., 0,Fr, afermer; affirm, Man. 

(H.) 316 ; LiDG. M. P. 132 ; affermed (pple.) 

Ch. C. t. a 2349. 
afflaunoe, sb., affiance, Langl. B xvi. 238 ; 

Gaw. 642. 
afQ.ohe, v., Fr. afficher ; fix, Gow. II. 21 1. 
afile, v., O.Fr, affier ; trust, r. r. 5480 ; afied 

(/r^/.) Alis. 7351. 
affie, sb., trust, Fer. 2167. 
affile, v., Fr, affiler ; whet, Ch. C. t. -^4 712. 
affinite, sb., 0,Fr. affinity ; affinity, Shor. 70. 
affliooion, afSicoiouxiy sb., 0,Fr. affliction ; 

affliction, WlCL. ex. iii. 7. 
affluence, sb., Fr. affluence ; affluence, s. a. l. 

81. 
affluent, adj., copious, flowing in, GuiL.* ( n. 

E. D.). 
afibdille, affadille, sb., med.Lat, affodillus, 

Gk. a(npobt\6s ; daffodil, PR. P. 7. 
affbrce, v., O.Fr. aforcer, esforcGr, from med. • 

Lat. exfortiare ; farce, compel, try, PR. a 4253 ; 

devells \2X afforces (pres. pi) tham (en- 

deavour) to reve fra us the honi of poure life 

Hamp. tr. 8; aforoede (pret) Rob. 121 ; 

afforsit (strengthened) D. Troy 6593. 



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afforoe. 



a-^efen. 



13 



D, adv., fFr. k force ; forcibly^ byforce^ 
DEP. R. iv. 21. 

affirai, sb., O.Fr, esfrei ; attack; alarnty fright, 
Man. (F.) 9054 ; affrai, afrai Ch. C. T. i> 2156; 
afrai LiDG. M. P. 116. 

aflTraieil, v., 0,Fr, esfraer, -freer, med.Lat. 

exfridare (Lat, ex out of, Teutonic fri^u-s 

peace) ; startle, frighten, P. S. 333 ; afraie, 

affraie Ch. C. t. E 455; afraied {ppie) 

Will. 2158 ; m. h. 21 ; affraid Shor. 158. 

afln, adv., Fr.^ fin*, at the end, K. T. 780 ; 

afine Ar. & Mer. 50 ; R. R. 3690. 

a-findeii, v., 0,E. afindan, = C>.//^(7. irfindan ; 

find out, P. L. S. viii. 29; La5. 25775 ; afinde, 

avinde o. & N. 527; avinde rel. I. 183; 

avinde (pres.) Fer. 757; afounde (pret.) 

OcTOv. (W.) 1659; afounde (pple,) Shor. 49- 

a-fie^n, v., O.E, aflTgan, aflygan, = 0./f.G^. 

arflaugen ; put to flight ; avleieo {pres.) A. R. 

136; aflei fram ham al uvel Kath. 2431 ; alle 

\t seoven dea^liche sunnen muwen been 

avlMed {pple.) )>uruh treowe bileave A. R. 248. 

a-flemeiiy v., O.E. aflyman; put to flight', 

avUm (pres. imper.) hom. I. 195 ; aflSmde 

■ {pret.) Laj. 8465 ; aflemden Sax. chr. 252.. 

aflen, v., O.N, afla ; get, earn : avelen )>at men 

hem blescen hom. II. 159 ; his mede shal ben 

)ianne garked al se hit bea^ hereaveled (Pple.) 

IBID. ; cnapechild is afled wel Orm. 7903. 
a-fleon, v., 0,E. afleon,=0.//^(7. arfleohan; 
flee; aflo^en (pple.) Fer. 3132 ; )>e king was 
. aflo3e LA5. 19076* ; aflowe Trev. V. 429. 
aflight, adj., OJ^r. afflict ; afflicted, OCTOV. 

(W.) 191 ; Gow. I. 210. 
a-ftfiht, sb., from afleon ; flight : afluhte 

(dot,) Kath. 2020 : in afflight Torr. 2043. 
afdlen, v., OJ^r. afoler (affoler) ; befool', af61ed 

(pple) o. & N. 206. 
a-fdn, avoiiy v., 0,E. afon ; receive, hom. I. 

131, 135 ; Laj. 8728, 14939 ; alle \o j>at hi 

avof O. & N. 843 ; avouh (imper,) HOM. I. 

197 ; afSng (pret) B. DISC 1401 ; aveng ROB. 

180; heo afengen hine mid sibbe LA3. 6580; 

afbnge (pple) Bek. 355 ; avonge Shor. 132. 
a-f6ren, prep. & adv., 0.E, onforan, afom ; be- 
fore', FuJgenes him wes aforen [afom] on Laj. 

10413 ; afom PR. P. 7 ; bihinde & atom E. G. 

33 ; L.H. R. 150 ; afom (ms. affom) hem Fer. 

1080; afore ))e king Langl. (Wr.) 2495; 

Gow. II. 88; Gam. 656 ; Octav. (H.) 1341 ; 

avore fct he come to ssrifte ayenb. 172; 

afbme 3S11 opposite to La^. 18528* ; "ontrewe 

avore ie his Ihord 18 ; afore iens us Ch. Tro. 

iL 1 1 39; afom ajens WiCL. Mk. xv. 39. 

aiSSre-ward, adv. & prep., in front (of) : 

Judas com avoreward Misc. 42 ; afforeward 

alJe Fer. 3923. 
t*'tcftpein^ v., for ^efor)>6n ; afford \ and jaf 

hem mete as he mi^te afor))e Langl. B vi. 

201 ; aforthc Halliw. 27. 



afoundren, v., O.Fr, aifondrer, esfondrer; 
founder (a horse) ; afoundred (pple) M AND.69. 
a-frainen, v., question : afreine PR. c. 

(Halliw. 26) ; affraine Fer. 2146; afE^ined 

(pret) Langl. B xvi. 274. 
a-freten, v., = Ger. erfreszen ; devour-. |)e devel 

huem a&etie P. s. 237. 
a-f ri^ty see afiirhten. 
a-frounti, v., O.Fr. affronter ; affront, ayenb. 

229; afroiinted, afronted (pret), Langl. 

<5 XX. 5 ; an if a pore man speke a word he 

shal be foule aA:oiinted P. s. 337. 
after, see sfter. 
a-fSlen, v., O.E. afylan ; foul, pollute'. J)u heo 

afSleat frag. 7 ; af iled (pple) Alis. 1064. 
a-fiillen, v., O.E. afyllan, =a/r.6^. arfullan; 
fill', afiilled, afeolled (pple) LA3. 981 1, 19077 ; 

afelled Lk. i. 57. 
arfiirhten, v., O.E. afyrhtan, = O.H.G. erfurh- 

tan; affright', afid3t (pple) Will. 2784; 

Amad. (R.) xxxvii ; afrigct S. S. (Wr.) 2704 ; 

J>ai weren afri3te Fer. 138; afrought M. 

Arth. 73. 
a-fiirsieiiy v., O.E. afeorsian ; remove : nu J>u 

bist afursed from alle fine freonden frag. 7. 
a^, see ft. 
a-gseten, v., f enrich-, ageet (pple) Shor. 

119. 
a-gaiiy v., O.E. agan, agangan ; depart, escape, 

pass', agon o. & N. 1280; AN. LIT. 90; ago 

R. s. i (misc. 156) ; ageS (pres) hom. I. 

33 ; A. R. 184 ; age)> frag. 7 ; o. & N. 1453 ; 

^is worldes wele al ago)> rel. I. 160; ag&n 

(pple) LA5. 337; agon is al mi strein)>e 

rel. I. 125 ; out agon Bek. 2193 ; hit is not 

longe agon K. T. 268 ; agon, agoon Ch. C. t. 

A 1782 ; ago P. s. 197 ; fa aestre wes avonge 

[agon] LA3. 24195 ; a^eonge 24241. 
a-gftsen, v., ? = Goth, usgaisjan ; terrify, be- 
wilder : ^ were so sore agftsed Chest. 1 1. 85. 
a-g&sten, v. (cf. mod.Eng. aghast) ; terrify ; 

agaste Rob. 17; Ch. Tro. ii. 901; hwu 

)« ate(l)liche deovel schal jet agesten ham 

A. R. 212 ; agastiS (pres) H. M. 31 ; agasten 

Mand. 282 ; agaste (subj) Wicl. 2 paral. 

xxxii. 18; agaste (pret) LA5. 6451 ; Kath. 

1256 ; Cristofre him sore agaste P. L. s. xv. 

97 ; agast (pple) an. lit. 91 ; Alis. 250 ; 

Will. 1778 ; Ch. C. t. A 2341 ; agest a. r. 

372 ; hi were agaste Brd. 8. 
age, sb., O.Fr. aage, edage; age, Misa 35; 

HoR^(L.) 1324; Rob. 9; Shor. 63; Alis. 

7653. 

{^e, see eje. 
a-jefen, i^eTeii, v., O.E. agifan,=C?.//;(7. 

ar-, er-, irgeban, Goth, usgiban ; give up, 

give back, render, deliver, HOM. I. 29, 31 ; 

ajeven, a^ven Laj. 4698, 29052; ajeoven, 

ajeven Jul. 58, 59; a^»f (pret) Laj. 

20356 ; J>eos word ajaf ))e nihtegale O. & N. 



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u 



a-gefen. 



a-grftpion* 



139 ; and andswere a^even ipL) Laj. 29740 ; 
tU hi aiaven up here castles Sax. chr. 265. 

a^eiiiy see an^Sn. 

a^eineiiy v. (from ajein), = M.H. G. engegenen ; 
encounter \ a^eineden {pret. pi,) j>ere verde 
LA5. 17854. 

a-^^lden, v., 0.E, agieldan, agildan ; yield up ; 
ajelde Fer. 5026; a^ilde Trev. III. 431; 
f^ild {imper,\ ms. ayild) ^ to )>is knight 
Halliw. 126. 

a3eny v., 0,E, agany^O.L.G, egan, O.H.G. 
eigan, O.N. eiga, GolA, aigan (^xc*")* w£?</. £n^, 
owe ; from ah ; Aave, own, possess; owe; be 
under obligation ; LA3. 4061 ; a^hen Orm. 
6339; owen C. L. 132; awe (r. «/. lowe) 
Hav. 1292 ; such a wif to owe Horn (H.) 
440; fiwe (pres,) C. M. 7149); owe Hav. 
1666 ; ah^ Lk. xi. 21 (earlier text ah) ; ojeb 
Laj. 3058* {first text ah) ; ojj) ayenb. 9 ; owej> 
AN. LIT. 90; Ch. C. t. C361 ; we age^ HOM. H. 
41 ; owe^ LA3. 25320 (first text 2L^en) ; ft wand 
(pple,) Amad. (R.) lii; fthte (pret,) [mod. 
Eng, ought], owned) owedy ought y HOM. I. 
31 ; Kath. 248 ; ahte, aute, ohte Laj. 2228, 
2J25, 14402 ; ajte Gaw. 767 ; Amad. (R.) 
XIV ; agte GEN. & EX. 525 ; auhte, aucte, 
aute Hav. 743, 2717, 2800; fis gold aughte 
sir Isambras IsUM. 659 ; ohte spec 62 ; to 
makien hire cwene of al bet he ouhte A. R. 390 ; 
ou^te Jos. 36 ; Langl. b iii. 68 ; ou^te, oughte 
Ch. C. t. a 1249 ; W aujtest Bek. 352 ; ohtest 
FRAG. 6 ; ))u ^ulde ]}et tu ouhtest A. R. 406 ; 
bet achtenwe to leven HOM. 1. 167 ; faEnglene 
lond aerest ahten Laj. 18 ; men ))at ah ten to 
wite Kath, 263 ; we ahte P. s. 246 ; oujten 
Will. 1080, 

ft^ere, sh.=Dan. eier, (MoLB. I. 209) ; pos- 
sessory ft^eres (pi.) Shor. 99. 

a^en, adj., 0J£, agen, aegen (Alfr. p. c 4),= 
0,L,G, egan, OJ^ris, egen, ein, 0,H,G, eigen, 
(?JV. eiginn, Goth, aigin (n.) \Jrom &h ; own : 
^n ajen heaved HOM. I. 29; ich asm )nn 
a^en [own] mon La^. 28144 ; ^^ ^^ heora 
a^n 1945 ; hire a^e [o^en] lif 3481 ; a^hen 
Orm. 363; )f\n ahen hom. I. 277; ogen 
HOM. II. 27 ; ojen ayenb. 172 ; oje, owe, owe 
O. & N. 100, 259 ; oghe MISC. 30 ; awen Man. 
(H.) 182 ; ISUM. 635 ; AV. Arth. Ivii ; awin 
Iw. 583; awen, auen Gaw, 293, 836; aim 
C M. 6003 ; owen A. R. 158 ; GEN. & ex. 120 ; 
ouen S. s. (Wr.) 2144 ; ])e kmges ojene dojter 
Horn (L.) 249 ; his fth^enes )>onkes HOM. I. 
121 ; ftgenen (dot, m, n,) Mat. vii. 3 ; mid his 
a^ene mu^ HOM. 1. 133 ; a^ene, ajne [owene] 
La^. 335, 14200; ahne Kath. 409; ahene, 
owe o. & n. 1286; oune leg. 98; Ch. C. t. 
A 804 ; a3ere, a^re (dat, fi) LA3. 308, 3941 ; 
owere rel. 1. 172 (misc. loiS) ; &3ene (ace. m.) 
LA5. 314 ; o^ene o. & N. 1341 ; ft^ene (acc.f) 
HOM. I. 43 ; ajene, ahene, o^ene o. & N. 1089, 
1542; )>urh his ahne mihte Kath. 1049; 
&3ene [owene] (//.) Laj. 6877 ; o^ene ayenb. 
33 ; ft^ene (dat.pL) Laj. 1718 ; fram his agene ; 



manne Sax. chr. 255 ; owene A. R. 158 ; oune 
Hav. 2428, 

fi^en-Bol^a, sb., 0,E, agenslaga; suicidey 
self-slay ery HOM. I. 103, 296. 

a-^eoten, v., 0,E, ageotan,= <9.//^(7. argiuzan; 
pour out \ agoten (pple,) hom. 1. 127. 

a-gesse, v. (ffor gesse), guessy expecty Horn 
(L.) 1 181. 

a-^eten, v., 0.E, agetan ; seize y attainyPercetve ; 
to ajVtenne leechd. III. 94; a^ite (ms. a^itte) 
(pres,) misc. 193 ; comp, un-a^eten. 

a^ieily w,y fi'om a^e (see eje) ; awe, terrify ; agh 
C. M. 12096; awe P. S. 156; awes (pres.) H. 
S. 1592. 

a-gilen, v., deceive ; ag^ed (pple) P. l. s. xiv. 
67. 

a-ginnen, v., O.E, aginnan (?=anginnan) ; 
commence \ aginne o. & N. 1289; Horn 
(R.) 1285; ayenb. 32; s. s.(Web.) 1410 ; agun- 
nen [agynne] (riming with awinnen) LA3. 
18760; (we) aginnen [aginne] LA3. 26572; 
aginne}> (pres.) P. s. 189 ; aginne (subj.) 
A. R. 74 ; agin^ beaten Mat. xxiv. 49 ; agan 
(pret,) Shor. 53 ; agon [agan] Laj. 6753 ; 
aguimen (//.) Lk. v. 21 ; agtuinen [agonne] 
(pple.) LA3. 24086 ; agonne ayenb. 166. 
aginninge, sb., commencement, ayenb. 16. 

agleily v., }—Dan. agle ; vaa'llate [or perhaps ' 

for ajlen, see eilen], gen. & ex. 3809. 

aglet, aglot, sb., O.Fr, aglet ; tag of a laccy 
^acusy PR, P. 8 ; aglot lud. Cov. 241. 

a'-glideil, O.E. aglldan, ?=*andglidan, cf. Ml 
Du. ontgliden, M.H.G, entgllten; glide away ; 
aglood (printed agleed, riming with be- 
strood) (pret) LiDG. M. P. 116; )>e dent 
aglod Fer. 3384; agliden (^/^.) misc. 93. 

a-gUften, v., f terrify*, as he stod so sore 

aglifte (pple,) H. 8. 3590; J)enne were 

})e Romains al aglifte [oglift] Man. (F.) 
3402. 

a-glopnen, v., t astonish; aglopned (pple.) 

Alex. 874. 
a^nien, v., a£'.agnian,= C>./f.(7.eigenen, O.N, 

eigna ; from ft^en ; own, appropriatCy claim ; 

ahnien [ohni] ^an kaisere AnSures riche La^ 

25359 ; ahnen Orm. 5649 ; fthnede [ohnede] 

(pret) LA3. 1 1 864 ; comp. ^e-l^nien. 
ft^nere, sb., = Ger. eigner ; owner y possessor ; 

owener w. & i. 22; d3eneres (//.) ayenb. 

37. 
ft^ninge, sb., O.E. §gnung, ahnung; poS' 

session ; ojninge AYENa 37. 

agonie, sb., Fr. agonie, from Gr. dy<opia ; 

agony y Ch. C. t. A 3452. 
a-grdmien, v., cf, 0,H,G, ergremen; irriicUe ; 

agrimed (pple.) Alis. 3310 ; B. Disc 1916 ; 

PL. T. 291 ; agromed O. & N. 933 ; CHR. E. 

863 ; agremed Haluw. 33. 

a-grapien, v.,= 0.//.(J. irgreifon ; apprehendy 



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agr&pieiu 



&-hwSr« 



15 



amprekend : after ))at \€\ couJjc agrope Gow, 

1.254. 
agreable, adj., OJ^r, aggreable ; agreeable^ 

Ch. C.T. ^767. 
agrden, v., OJ^r, agreer ; aj^<», Ch. Tro. 

iii. 131. 
a-grei)?eii, v., equip^ prepare ; agrai^i aybnb. 

148 ; agxei|>ed (ppU) Will. 1598. 
agrei|>ing9 sb., ^<fxx; agrail'inges (//.) 

AYENB.2I6. 

agr^eiiy aggreggin» v., OJFr, agrevier, 
agr^ier ; aggrieve^ * f^gg^ovo^ PR. P. 8 ; a^n^ 
vith (/r«.) LUD. Cov. 41 ; aggregith APOL. 
4; agrdved {pple,) Will. 641. 

a-grillen, v., grieve : ful sore him schal 
agrille Fer. 2195 ; nu ich mai singe hwarich 
wulle ne dar me never eft mon agrulle O. & N. 
ma 

a-grisen, v., 0£, agnsan ; be horrified, A. R. 
306 ; H. M. 31 ; ham schal a^sen Kath. 
2317 ; agrise R. S. v ; Ch. C. t. D 1649 ; i 
agriae {pres^ SACR. 902; me agrise^ Laj. 
13328; agrfts [agrosj {preL) LA3. 1 1976; 
agros Rob. 549 ; Horn (R.) 1326 ; of which 
she nou^t agros Ch. Tro. ii. 930 ; agrisen 
(^/.) Jos. 236 ; ^ wur^n he frigti and 
agrisen gen. & ex. 667; agrisen {pple.) 
MARH.9; ALIS.357; Man. (F.)96ii; agrise 
Rob. 539 ; ich am s^se Will. 1743. 

agroten, agrotnieiiy v., surfeit \ agrotonin, 
-tone ^ingurgito* PR. P. 8 ; agroUed (pple.) 
Ch. l. g. w. 2454; agrotonid PR. P. 8. 

a-gruwen, v., l^Ger. ergrauen (impers,) : 
^t ou agrCiwie (f printed agrapie) that you 
may be in dread A. R. 92. 

igt, agte, see hftht. 

ague, sb., OJ^r. (fievre) aigue ; ague^ PR. p. 8 ; 
LANGL-iffxiii. 336. 

a-gfiltan, v., 0,E. agyltan ; be in faulty hom. 
1. 17; agulte c L. 335 ; Langl. -ff xv. 304; 
agdte AYENa 15 ; hwon me agulteS to ou 
A.R. 186; agQlte (pret) spec. 112; agilte 
'^ ^ 5833 ; agfilt (^pple:) P. l. S. viii. 6 ; R. S. 
ii ; MISC. 58 : Rob. 252 ; agelt Will. 4391 ; 
gif man have% wHS us agilt hom. II. 65. 

ahfX^ac. 

ih, v., 0,E. ah, = OJ^ris. ach,. Goth, aih 
{«X«)> OJV, a (pret, pres) ; have, owe^ 
ought: be mon j>e lutel ah LA3. 3058; 
gcra ah pe Utel mede Orm. 16529 ; ah, ach 
HQM. I. 139; wif ah [auh] lete sottes lore 
0. & N. 147 1 ; ag Mat. xxiv. 47 ; agh C M. 
7149; agh, ogh HOM. II. 17 ; oh HOM. II. 21 ; 
)ie more oh ich to lovie J?e spec 70 ; ase mon 
ouh to donne A. R. 58 ; og GEN. & ex. 1 ; ¥at 
Qs og alle to ben minde rel. 1. 216 ; i au (ms, 
aw, tfor awe) ))e honor Iw. 720 ; aw he )>e 
ani mare Amad. (R.) xxiv; )>u A^est hom. 
1. 1 5 ; La). 16706 ; ahest h. M. 1 1 ; owest a. r. 
136 ; we i^en (pi.) [O^E. agon] hom. I. 21 ; 



we agen, ogen II. 57 ; we, heo a^en LA5.6150, 
25320; ))e treowjje J)aet heo us ojen procl. 
4 ; ogen gen. & ex. 15 ; ^e ohen R. s. v (misc. 
168) ; owen A. R. 82 ; we owen fourti pound 
Ch. C. t. Z> 2106 ; what ^e owen to do (v. r, 
shulen do) WiCL. ex. iv. 15 ; ^e awe Amad. 
(R.) i ; we owe Trist. 1005 ; l^e (subjunct,) 
Laj. 28423 ; be devel him awe (ms. hawe) 
Hav. 1188 ; aeriv. I^en, Ahte. 

a-hebben, v., O.E ahebban, = 0.//.G. ar- 
heffen ; heave up^ Lk. xviii. 13 ; ahef(6) 
(pres,) HOM. I. 113 ; ah^vinde (pple.) A. R. 
16 ; ahof ipret.) LA5. 21417 ; ahaef 7527 ; ahef 
Marh. 5 ; ah6ven (pple.) Kath. 2405. 

a-herden, v., O.E. ahyrdan ; grow hard; 
aherd (pple.) Mat. xiii. 15. 

ahnien, see a^nien. 

a-holken, v., thrust out : aholeke (imper.) 
hit ut Mat. v. 29. 

a-hon, v., O.E. ahon, = O.H.G. ar-, er-, ir- 
hahan, Goth, ushahan ; hang up. Las. 20878 ; 
ahon him seolven J UL. 49 ; ahdngen (pret.pl.) 
Sax. chr. 253 ; Mk. xv. 24 ; (printed 
ahongen) Marh. 3 ; aliangen (pple.) Mk. 
XV. 15 ; ahonge HOM. I. 41 ; ahon Marh. 3. 

aht, adj., O.E. aht (i^LFR. gram. 296) ; brave^ 
valiant^ worthy ^ frag. 2 ; ^ef he is wurj>ful 
and aht man o. & N. 1481 ; aht, oht, ocht 
LA5. 4317, 4863, 18355 (mis-written aeht 
7063) ; ajt [ought] Rob. ioi ; oht Kath. 
1727*; ojt Gaw. 2215; ohtne (ace. tn.) 
LA5. 23387 ; 6hte (nom.pl.) La^. 4743 ; gode 
men & ajte Rob. 459; dhtere (gen.pl.) Laj. 
1 801 3 ; &htere (compar.) La^ 4348. 
ftht-, dht-liohe, adv., O.E. ahdlche ; bravely y 
La3.797,3ii4I. 
dht-8oii>e, sb., valour^ LA). 24671. 

Slity see ftwiht. 

ahte, see eahte. fihte, see fihte. 

[ahtieiiy v., O.E. eahtian, ^ O.Fris, achtia, 
O.L.G.y O.H.G. ahton, O.N. akta ; consider, 
estimate ; comp. ^e-ahtien.] 

ahtlien, v., O.N. aetla, prov.Eng. ettle ; think, 
esteem, purpose J arrange, set out ; atlien La). 
29063 ; atteli Will. 404 ; ahtil (pres.) u. h. 
xvii ; attle to schawe Gaw. 27 ; & )>er to ettle^ 
(aims) HOM. II. 79 ; atlien (we) to ))an kinge 
let us turn to the king La). 25996 ; eghtild 
(pret.) PR. C. 5784 ; Brien him atlede (tended) 
to La). 30846 ; J)at Alixaundre wij) his ost 
atlede bidire Wart. II. 104 ; aghteld (pple.) 
S. S. (Web.) 3053 ; hire te)> aren white ase 
bon of whal evene set ant atled al spec. 35. 
ahtlinge, sb., estimation, LA3.25761 ; etiunge 
H. M. 39 ; wi^uten ei etiunge [eatlunge] HOM> 
I. 263. 

a-hiingreiiy \.,—M.H.G. erhungem \ famish ; 
ahun^red (pple^ Langl. B x. 59*. 

a-hwffir, adv., O.E. ahwaer,= 0.//^(7. eohwar ; 
anywhere ; awher Halliw. 122 ; awer, owar 
L. H. R. 30; owwhaer, owwhar Orm. 833,. 



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l6 



ft-hwdi'* 



a-kennen. 



8472; owher Ch. C. t. A 6$$; owhere 

Gow. II. 349 ; ower Aus. 5629; owhar Ar. 

& Mer. 7903 ; ouhwar A. R. 60 ; ouwhar 

(printed onvfhdLx) Will. 1820. 
a-hwenen, v., 0,E, ahwsenan ; trouble : her 

of )>e lavedies to me mene)> and wel sore me 

ahwene)> (fires.) O. & N. 1564 ; )>ah ich mid 

so)>e heo awene 1258. 
a-hweorfen, v., O.E, ahweorfan ; turn away ; 

awharf (firet.) Gaw. 2220. 
ft-hwider, adv., 0,E, ahwider ; anywhither ; 

oh wider hom. I. 247 ; ouhwuder A. R. 172 ; 

owhidre ^ qvoqvam^ WiCL. 4 KINGS v. 25. 
aiy see ft and ei. 
aiel, sb., 0,Fr, aiel ; ancestor^ Ch. C. t. A 2477 ; 

aieles (//.) Langl. ^xv. 317. 
aighwanen, adv. (for *a-5ehwanen), 0,E, 

aeghwanan ; from all sides^ * undigve,* Mk. 

i.45. 

aighwilo (/?r*a-5ehwilc), celoh (y&r *a-5elic), 
pron., 0,E, seghwylc^aelc, = O.H,G, eogihwelih, 
eogillh, 0,Frts. elk, ek; each^ Mat. v. 22, 
vi. 34; aeic hefde his iwillen LA5. 1996; 
aelc an each one 13145 ; alch [ech] mon 
2512; elc, elch P. L. s. viii. 54, 56; aelch, 
elch HOM. II. 31, 149 ; ewe, euch Kath. 20, 
123 1 ; euch A. R. 14 ; euch, ech o. & N. 
434i 975 ; ecl^ TREAT. 132 ; Ch. C. t. A 
791 ; Tor. 2758 ; hi Iovie)> ech oJ)ren ayenb. 
268 ; filches, elches (gen, m!) LA3. 7644, 
9921 ; elches monnes hom. I. 99 ; eches 
Brd. 3 ; ewUotim, ewilche (dot, m, «.) 
hom. I. 37, 93 ; aelchen Mat. xviii. 19 ; 
elchen, aelche [eche] Laj. 2511, 13826; 
echen ayenb. 13 ; eche O. & N. 800 ; filohere, 
elchere (dat. f) Laj. 621, 1723; elchere 
HOM. I. 103; echere MISC. 116; filene 
[echne] (ace, m,) Laj. 4386 ; felohe, elche 
(acc.f) Mat. iv. 23, ix. 35 ; see je-hwilo, ilo. 

aihte, see fihte. 

[aihwa, pron. (for ♦a-jehwa), O.E, seghwa, 
= OJ/,G. eogahwer] ; eiwat, 0,E, seghwaet ; 
t everyone^ every things any things o. & N. 
1056*. 

aihwSr, adv. (/^r *a-5ehwar), 0,E, seghwar, 
«= O H,G, cogihwar; everywhere \ aewher, 
aeiwaer Laj. 13372, 17827 ; ejjwhaer Orm. 
645 ; eihwer Kath. 1728; aihwer hom. 1. 271 ; 
aiwhere A. P. ii. 228 ; aihwar HiCKES I. 223 ; 
aihware hom. II. 222 ; aiwhare PR. C. 8199 ; 
aiware O. & N. 216 ; aiwhare, -whore Man. 
(F.) 721, 6285. 

aunen, see ftmen. 

aiinonty sb., Fr, aimant ; adanumt^ ayenb. i 87. 

air, sb., O.Fr, air, aer ; a/r, Mand. 312 ; air, 
aer Trev. IV. 139 ; air, eir A. R. t©4 ; eir 
treat. 138. 

aire^ sb., Fr, aire; aerie^^ryi haukes of nobule 
eire Degr. 46. ^ 

airen, see eiren. 

aiziflS, adj., aerial, Ch. H. f. 964. 



aise, sb., 0,Fr, aaise, eise; ease\ eaise, eise 
A. R. 108, 114; eise ayenb. 48; Horn (R.) 
1265 ; ese Bek. 2233 ; ese, eese, ease Ch. C. t. 
^969. 

aise *, adj., Fr, aise ; cU ease : jif je beo^ eise 
[aise] A. r. 20. 

aisely see eisil. 

aisie, adj., 0,Fr, aisi^, aaisi^; easy, hom. II. 
47 ; eise Map 336 ; aise, ese Man. (F.) 6438. 
§8e-liohe, adv., easily, Brd. 18. 

aisiementy sb., 0,Fr, aisement ; easement : 
esement Ch. C. T. ^ 4179 ; aiBiamentts (fil^ 
WiNT. vii. viii. 772 ; eisementes Mand. 214. 

aisien, v., O.Fr, aaisier, from medLat, ada- 
giare ; ec^e ; eisi AYENB. 82 ; esie Fer. 1946 ; 
to esen hem and don hem alle honour Ch. C. 
T. A 2194 ; esed (fifile,) WILL. 1632. 

ai)>ery see fiiSer. 

ajoineiiy v., 0,Fr, ajoindre ; adjoin ; i^oined 
(fifile:) Will. 1753. 

ajoumen, v., 0,Fr, ajumer ; adjourn ; a- 
joumed (i>file,) d. Arth. 340. 

ajugen, v., O.Fr, ajugier ; adjudge ; ringed 
(fifile.) Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 

aky see ao. 

ak, sb., 0,E, ac, = O.Fris, ek, 0,N. eik, 
O.H.G, eih, eich/ ; ocJi, ^qvercus^ VOC. 228 ; 
ake 191 ; oc frag. 3 ; ok Rob. 22 ; 00k, ok 
Fer. 4561 ; Ch. C. t. A 1702 ; ftke (dat.) rel. 
1. 52 ; Perc. 773 ; okes (fil) Langl. A v. 18. 
00-weme, sb.. 0,E. acwem ; squirrel", (mss. 
ocqueme, aqueme) P. L. s. viii. 182. 

a-kdlen, v., O.E, acelan,= J/.//.(7. erkuelen ; 
cool\ akele Gow. II. 91 ; (h)is blod scholde 
sone akele Fer. 4492 ; akel)> (fires,) Misc 30 ; 
ak§lde (firet,) Rob. 442. 

dken, v., O.E. acan [f edited to 0,N. aka, drii/e, 
Lat, agere] ; ache : aken & smerten hom. II. 
207 ; akin * doleo^ PR. p. 8 ; ake hom. I. 149 ; 
misc 95 ; Fer. 1831 ; lud. Coy. 232 ; ftkoJ> 
(fires.) REL. I. Ill; Langl. A vii. 243 ; )>et 
heaved me ak)> ayenb. 51 ; his bones ake)> 
Shor.^ ; bine banes ake% )je H. m. 31 ; aken 
Ch. C. t. JJ 2113 ; oke, eke (fibres, subj.) A. R. 
360, 368 ; 6kinde (Me.) A. R. 360 ; 00 (firet,) 
Laj. 6707 ; HOM. II. 21 ; ok Rob. 68; 00k 
s. A. l. 42 ; oken, oke Langl. ^xvii. 194 ; oke 
(firet, subj,) P. L. S. xx. 66 ; deriv. ftohe. 

aken, adj., 0,E. acen, = 0,H,G. eichfa ; 
oaken : an oken bord Alis. 6415 ; oken wode 
(Pokenwode) D. Arth. 272. 

a-kennednesse, sb., O.E. acennedness, a^en- 
niss ; generation, hom. I. 209 ; aken(n)esse 
H. M. 45. 

a-kennen, v., O.E. acennan ; beget ; akende 
(firet :) Laj. 21240; akenned (fiifile,) Lk. 
i. 35; hom. I. 89; Orm. 7141; he was 
akennet of Marie Kath. 332. 

a-kennen^ v., = O.H.G. archennan; recog- 
nize, reconnoitre ; ak«Qde (^ret.) Laj. 7243* 



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a-kepen. 



al. 



17 



{first text ikende) ; akenninge {fiple.) Alis. 
34681 

a-kepen, v.,=kepeii : )>ar hii wolde akepe (? a 
kepe) Laj, 26937* (earlier text kepen). 

aker, sb., O.E. aecer, = 0,N, akr, Goth, akrs, 
OJf.G, achar, Lat, agar, Or. ayp6i\ acre^ fields 
^agerj FRAG. 3; Mat. xiii. 38; akir WtCL. 
I KINGS xiv. 14 ; okeres, akeres {gen^ Mat. 
vL28,3o; akere (dai^ Mat. xiii. 24; akeres 
(//.) frag. 2; acres rel. 1. 173. 
aker*land, sb., =» G, ackerland ; ploughed 
land, voc. 270 ; akerlond chr, E. 16. 
aker-man, sb., « G. ackermann ; husband- 
many Haluw. 36 ; aoremen (//.) L. le. f. 
176. 

aker, akir, sb., tidal wave^ * impetus maris^ 
PR. p. 8. 

ak6m,sb., 0.E, aecem,= 0,N, akam, Goth, 
akian; acorn \ akemes (ms. hakemes) (^/.) 
Will. 1811; acomes Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (50); 
achams Trev. I. 195. 

aketonn, sb., OSr, aqueton, auqueton ; a sort 
of quilted jacket^ Ch. C.T. ^^2050; acketoun 
B. DISC. 1 1 75. 

a-kimen, v., ? = M.H.G, erkumen ; fgrow 
faint \ aldmed {pple,) LA3. 26354. 

iO, eal, adj., 0,E, call, eal, = O.L,G, al, 0,N. 
allr, OJ{,G. all, Goth, alls; all \ al world 
HOM. I. 35 ; al |>as wrake 15 ; al folc rel. I. 
49; al blisse Langl. -5xvi. 190; al \\ leave 
Kath. 787 ; al )>e lare 939 ; all ure blisse 
Orm. 708 ; al )>at 5er o. & N. 1250 ; al a ^er 
Brd. 3 ; al fis lond Alis. 886 ; & swa hit al 
iweai^ Laj. 290; mid al his hirede Laj. 3378 ; 
al (y&ralne) dai o. & N. 373 ; al \t, winter Rob. 
59; al (for alle) )>e twelf dahes Kath. 1844 ; 
a (tforzX) Denemark and England Hav. 610 ; 
allee (gen, m, n,) hom. I. 121 ; alle volkes 
A r. 431 ; alle kunnes Fl. & Bl. 793 ; alien 
(dot, m, n,) Lk. xxiv. 19 ; alien, alle Laj. 135, 
1686 ; aire (dat,/,) HOM. 1. 123 ; in aire blisse 
La5. 6065 ; mid alle (for aire) mare mihten (r. 
mihte) 699; mid alle mine mihte HOM. 1. 191 ; 
ealne, alne (accm,) Mat. xviii. 32, Lk. ix. 2 i 5 ; 
alne HOBi. I. 225 ; alle dsei heo sungen La). 
20981 ; aUe (ace, /,) HOM. 1. 99 ; o. & N. 433 ; 
heo ferden alle nihte La^. 26922 ; ealle, alle 
(nom,acc,pl. m, f.) hom. I. 23, 97 ; ealle, alle 
P.L. s. viii. 88 ; alle O. & N. 222 ; alle heo weren 
lease La^. 751 ; alle [al] his men 3858 ; alle 

eiie Jn-eates Kath. 2133 ; us alle 548; alle five 
AV. 2128 ; alle })reo C. L. 563 ; we alle habbefr 
enne vader ayenb. 145 ; alle men Mand. 10 ; 
alle and some leg. 45 ; spec. 42 ; c. L. 489 ; 
Fer. 1513 ; Rich. 5846 ; Ch. C. t. A 2187 ; 
alle (for aire) monne A. R. 384 ; al (nom, ace, 
tl n.) Laj. 10556 ; |>urh al (in all things) swa 
wl idihte 25280 ; )nirh alle )>ing 2722 ; aire, 
[0,E, ealra] (gen.pl,), Mat. xiii. 32 ; Kath. 
254 ; c L. 232 ; Fer. 2884 ; aire finge A. R. 
398; alh-e shafte Orm. 346; here aire fet 
Brd. 17 ; Jhb aire worst(e) spec. 104 ; aire 



maest Orm. 2595 ; aire mest o. & N. 684 ; on 
aire erest A. R. 136; aire best REL. I. 116; 
aire, allei? Langl. B xix. 468, Cxxii. 473 ; aire 
erest ^rst of all HOM. I. 33 ; alra 37 ; aelra 
221 ; aller CH. C. T. A 586; S. S. (Wr.) 365 ; 
aldre GEN. & ex. 322 ; alder Will. 3345 ; 
al)>er Hav. 1978 ; ayenb. 27 ; s. s. (Web.) 3560; 
LiDG. M. p. 20 ; eallen (dat, pi.) Mat. ii. 16 ; 
alien HOM. I. 125, 225; ayenb. 145; alien, 
alle LA3. 344, 6756; ealle Sax. chr. 251 ; 
alle Kath. 125 ; mid alle his wrenche O. & N. 
827 ; best of alle Ch. C. t. A 796. 

at al (ffor alle), at all, Ch. C. t. E 1045. 

in alle, in all\ he lived in alle )>re and sixti 
5ereTREV. IIL363. 

mid aUe (0,E, mid ealle,= J/.Z.(7. mit alle), 
wholly, Kath. 656 ; o. & n. 1458 ; p. l. s. xx. 
27 ; mid ^e fordon HOM. 1. 17 ; iwepned mid 
alle LA3. 26339, 

wi]> alle, withal, Orm. 2174. 
al, adv., all, wholly : water ge^ al to gedere 
(altogether) ut A. R. 320 ; and was mid ivi al 
bigrowe O. & N. 27 ; al mid wisdome LA3. 443 ; 
al an o)>ir rule HocCL. iii. 7 ; al stilliche A. r. 
82; al halij Orm. 8871 ; al mijtful (migtful) 
ASS. 219 ; GEN. & EX. 2694 ; all to longe Bek. 
774 ; Ch. l. g. w. 824 ; al to fcwe Shor. 93 ; 
al beo J)u meiden though thou be a virgin 
H. M. 43 ; al be it (albeit) J)at HoccL. I. 209 ; 
al fus LA3. 3669 ; A. R. 238 ; Fl. & Bl. (H.) 
817. 

al ftne alone : noht ne ma^ be man hi braed al 
ane libben Orm. 11344 ; al one Will. 659; 
hue wonede al one Horn (R.) 80. 

al mdst, al mSst, almost, A. R. 222 ; Brd. 7 ; 
al mest dead LA3. 19328* ; H. H. 47 ; CH. C. T. 
^155. 

al Bwa, al se, al so, as (mod,Eng. also, as), 
LA3. 70, 468, 4308, 24579 ; al swa S. S. (Web.) 
3945 ; al so sone so he mighte 569 ; )>at ne an 
o^ir es al swa Perc. 1452 ; als 684 ; al swa al 
se HOM. 1. 153 ; al swa se 159 ; al swa Kath. 
1986 ; al swa as 289 ; ase wod wulf 31 ; as ha 
set in a bur 139 ; )?er as tis blisse is 1723 ; al 
swa se Orm. 3536 ; al se 14801 ; als if it waere 
589 ; al swo al se hit is biforen iseid PROCL. 
5 ; al so ase A. R. 62 ; al se ofte al se 8 ; al se 
ofte ase 322 ; ))ere ase (where) . . . is 80 ; al 
so fer so a boge mai ten gen. & ex. 1238 ; als 
swilc als he is dede ¥or in 3836 ; als he cam 
1785 ; al so ros )>e mone Hav. 1955 ; al so 
fresch as J)e hauk Jqs. 595 ; al se ayenb. 15 ; 
and mi wif al se [als] Langl. Av, 144 ; 
als AV. Arth. Ixv. ; & ))e ladi als Gaw. 933 ; 
als mani as men list to have Mand. 209 ; 
als sir Iwain made his mane Iw. 2303 ; ase 
MISC. 48 ; drau3tes as me drawej) in poudre 
P. L. S. xvii. 225 ; J)er as he ^ut is xx. 106 ; as 
it f oughte me Ch. C. t. A 385 ; as freendli as 
he were his owen bro}>er 1652 ; J)er as feondes 
remej) MISC. 76 ; ))er as bumes were busi bestes 
to hulde Will. 1708 ; no more of ))is as nou 



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i8 



al. 



alfe. 



Ch. C. t. B 1242 ; as )>an Gow. III. 285 ; as 

swife Langl. a iii. 96 ; i schal ou eUe as 

blive K. T. 1040 ; as for ^ time Mand. 122 ; 

OS E. T. 475 ; Egl. 247. 
al )?fth, although, spec. 23; al ))a5 he bi 

AYENB. 19; al JJ03 Fer. 321. 
al-, see el. al, see aweL 
alabastre, sb., 0,Fr, alabastre; alabaster, Ch. 

C.T. ^^1910. 
a-lacchen, v., catch : alle fat bai fan alacche 

mi^t Fer. 3098 ; alehte (Pret,) nine betwux his 

earmes Sax. chr. 249. 
a-leenen, v., 0.E, alaenan ; lend ; aleane Laj. 

31603* ; alene}> {pres,) 24000*. 

a-lseten, v., O.E. alsetan ; let off : let alaeten 

fis waeter LA3. 15932. 
fdaiy sb., Fr. aloi ; alloy, Langl. ^xv. 342. 
alaien, v., Fr, aloyer ; allay, alloy ; alaied 

(pple.) Langl. i5 XV. 346; alaid * temperatus, 

permixtus ' PR. P. 9. 
Alamanie, pr. n., Alamannia, Sax. chr. 264 ; 

Alemaine Laj. 1977. 
alambiOy sb., Fr, alambic ; alembic, Ch. Tro. 

iv. 520. 
a-ldmen, v,,^ M,H,G. erlamen ; grow lame ; 

alamed, alemed (pple,) o. & N. 1604. 
a-langien, v. {cf, Slenge), fmake dreary, 

alange)> {pres^ Ar. & Mer. 4212. 
slant, sb., Fr, alan,=5/. alano ; an Alan 

dog\ alantz (//.) Ch. C.t. A 2148, 
alarge, v., 0,Fr, alargir ; enlarge, WiCL. gen. 

xxxii. 12. 
alaski, v., 0,Fr, alascher, Lat, elaxare ; let 

loose, release, La^. 8838*. 
a-la'Sien,v.,= J/./^.(7.erleiden ; become odious ; 

alobej? {pres) o. & N. 1277 ; mi lif me is 

alftt^ed LA5. 25930. 
albe, sb., Fr, aube, Lai, alba; alb, rel. I. 129 ; 

aube AYENB. 236. 
alcali, alkali, sb., Fr, alcali ; alkali, Ch. C. t. 

GZio, 

aid, J^r^ eald. alder, see ealder, aler. 

aldien, see ealdien. 

Ale, sb., 0,E, ealu, ealo, = 0,L,G, alo(fat), 

0,N, 61 «.y ^/(?, A. R. 114; Hay. 14; Ch. 

C. T. A 832 ; Mand. 251 ; aille Townl. 90 ; 

of fan ale LA5. 24440 ; to then ale R. S. 83 ; 

at fen ale, at fe nale, atte nale, atte ale 

Langl. .r4 42; Ch. C. t. Z> 1349; comp. 

brud-ale ; see also aleS. 
die-bre, sb., bread sopped in ale, L. C. a 

53 ; alberei, alebrei, albri * alebrodium,fictum 

est ' PR. p. 9. 

dle-hCts, sb., alehouse ; Alehuse {dat) hom. 
II. II ; aillehowse Townl. 310. 

dle-stak^, sb., a sign before an aleJiouse, 
Ch. C. t. a 667. 
a-leapen, v., 0,E, ahleapan ; leap up ; aleop 
i^pret.) LA3. 30683. 



a-leggen, v., 0,E, alecgan, = 0,H.G, arleccan ; 

lay aside, put down, refute, Lk. v. 19; 

LA5. 7714 ; J)u miht lihtliche . . . al mi sor 

aleggen hom. I. 197; heo ne mihte noht 

alegge fat f e ule hadde hire ised o. & N. 394 ; 

alegge (pres, subj,) HOM. I. 91 ; uvele lawes 

. . . bote if he hem alegge Bek. 1638 ; aleide 
- (pret,) LA5. 7125*; Will. 5240; aleigd 

(pple,) Mat. xxviii. 6 ; aleid frag. 6 ; Laj. 

31966; SPEC. 105; Trey. IV. 449; alaid is 

Dane J)in honour Alis. 2386. 
aleggen, v., 0,Fr, alleguier ; allege, Langl. 

i5 xi. 88; alegge Ch. C. t. E 1658; aUege 

PR. c. 5584. 
aleggin, v., 0,Fr. alegier; relieve, lighten, 

^allevio,' PR. p. 9; allege PR. a 3894; 

alegget (pple) Will. 1034. 
alei, sb., 0,Fr, alee; alley \ aleis [aleies, 

alaies] (pL) Ch. C. t. E 2324. 
a-leinen, v., = 0,H,G. arlougnan ; conceal ; 

alamed (pret,) Halliw. 38. 
a-leomen, v., illumine, hom. II. 7 ; a-luin(e)8 

-lime^, -leme^ (pres,) 107, 109, 141. 
alep, sb., 0,E, aler, air m, cf, 0,H,G. elira, 

erila, M,L,G, elre/, 0,N, eW n,; alder \ aller 

Pall. ix. 90; alder Ch. C. t. A 2921; aldir 

'alHus^ PR. p. 9; olrr frag. 3. 
alder-ker, sb., alder-carr, grove of alders, 

* alnetum^ PR. p. 9. 
a-lesen, v., 0,E, alesan, alysan,= 0,H,G, er- 

losan; release, deliver, redeem, Laj. 1084; 

A. R. 124; Misc 140; alise fram helle wite 

HOM. I. 229; ales (imperat,) Marh. 20; 

alese (pres, subj.) l. h. r. 180 ; alesde (pret,) 

HOM. I. 19; Jul. 40; he hine alesede mid 

his blode R. S. vii (misc. 186) ; alisden (/or 

alisde) Laj. 11167; alesed (pple,) Kath. 

1 1 50; alused P. L. S. viii. 68; je ne beo^ 

ne alesde of deofles anwalde HOM. I. 127. 
alesednesse, sb., 0,E, alysedness ; release, 

redemption, HOM. 1. 129; alysednesse Lk. 

xxi. 28. 

alSsend, sh,, releaser, redeetner, HOM. 1. 125; 
alesent Jul. 66. 

alesendnesse, sb., /^^r alesednesse ; re- 
lease, HOM. I. 87; H. M. II*; alisendnesse 
HOM. I. 227 ; alisendnisse Mk. x. 45. 
alesnesse, sb., 0,E, alesness, alysness,= 
0,H,G, arlosnessi, Angl. VII. 220; release, 
deliverance, HOM. I. 15 ; (printed alefnesse) 
H.M. II. 

alesunge, sb., 0,E, alysing,= 0,H.G, irlo- 
sunga ; release, deliverance, Kath. i 153 ; ale- 
singe HOM. I. 143. 

aleS, sb., 0,E, ealo^ (gen, and dot. of ealu ; 
see ale); rel. I. 132 (hom. II. 13); ealaf 

LEECHD. III. 118. 

alfe, sb., 0,E, aelf, elf, ylf,^/. ylfe, = M,L.G, alf, 
0,N, alfr, 0,H,G, alp (//., elbe) m,; elf, AUD. 
77 \ alve [alfe] LA3. 19268; elf Ch. C. t. 
Z>S73; elfe ^ lamia' PR. p. 138; alven 



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alfe. 



alsene. 



19 



[alvene] (pL) Laj. 19255 ; elvene (for elven) 

Rob. 130; JARB. XI 11. 162; sBlv^ene {gen, 

//.)La5. 21747. 
elf-qvene, sb., elf-queen, Ch. C. T. B 1978. 
Alf-red, pr. n., O. & N. 235 ; REL. 1. 170. 
Alf-rioh, pr. n., REL. L 170. 
elfin, sb., OJ*'r. aufin, LXat, alphinus {from 

Arab, al-fil) ; bishop at chess, foolish person : 

awfin of tbe chekar ^ alfinus^ PR. P. 18; D. 

Arth. 1343 ; auflnB {pi) GEST. R. 61. 
algorisme, sb., Fr, algorithme ; algorism, 

AYEXB. I ; algrim Halliw. 42 ; augrim A. R. 

214 ; DEP. R. iv. 53 ; awgrim stoones Ch. t. 

^3210. 
alianoe, alliance, sb., OJFr, aliance ; alliance, 

Rob. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 2973. 
a-libban, v., 0,E. alibban; live, hom. 1. 109. 
alie, allie, sb., OJ^r. ali^ ; ally, Wicl.' ex. 

x\'iii. 5; Trev. V. 221 ; CH. C. T. ^297. 
alie^sb., O.Fr. alie ; service-berry ; aleia (//.) 

R. R. 1377. 
alien, allien, v., OJFr. alier ; ally, Ch. C. t. 

£1414 ; alied (pple,) ROB. 65. 
alien, adj., 0,Fr. alien ; cUien, PR. P. 10 ; Aus. 

3918; Trev. III. 447. 
alUnen, v., Fr. alidncr; alienate, WiCL. 

ECCLES. xi. 36 ; aliene Ch. Boet. i. 6 (27). 
a-liggen, v., O^. alicgan,«= 0,H,G, irliccan ; 

subside, Marh. 5 ; aligge La|. 26298 ; a 

muchel wind aliS mid a lutel rein A. R. 246 ; 

)ns lude pine |»t ali% i lute hwile Kath. 

2183; alel {pret.) Marh. 12; )>e loudinge 

alai {ms, alay) LA3. 24873*. 
arlihten, v., 0,E, allhtan; alight, descend', 

make light j alleTnate, Laj. 26618 ; no wonder 

}iq hit smite harde ^r hit do)) ali^te treat. 

136 ; alihte {pret.) HOM. I. 79 ; Laj. 21 121 ; 

MISC. 37 ; god almihti . . . alihte a dun to helle 

a. r. 248; ali3te Bek. J895 ; Shor. 129; 

ali^ted {pple:) * cUleviata ' WiCL. Is. ix. i ; 

alijt Fl. & Bl. 21 ; so sone so he was ali^t 

ALIS.4490. 
a-lihten, v., 0,E. alyhtan,=a/r.6^. irliuhten ; 

enlighten ; aVi^te ayenb. 109; Fer. 1261 ; 

alijte {pret,) Shor. 84; alight Gow. II. 

183 ; bu . . . havest aliht mi J)ester heorte 

HOM. I. 185. 
alijtinge, sb., 0,£. alyhting ; illumination, 

AYENB. 221. 

a-Hmpen, v., 0.E, alimpan ; happen ; alomp 

[pret,) Laj. 18053. 
a-Hsen, v., f 0,E, ahllsian ; mention by report ; 

alised {pple,) P. L. s. 67. 
a-liSen, v., pass away, LA5. 12041 ; aliSen 

{ppie^) ; Ja seove ^er weoren ali^ene 3970. 
alij^ien, v., 0,E, aleo^ian ; dismember : nou 

have)) he • . . mine leomes alifede LA3. 

25929*. 

aUuunie, alkenamie, sb., 0,Fr. alkemie, al- 
qoemie \ alchemy^ La^gL. ^ x. 212. 



02 



alkatran, sb., 0,Fr,, Span, alquitran, Port, 
alcatrao {from Arab, alqatran) ; bitumen, 
Mand. 99 ; alka[t]ran A. P. ii. 1034. 

aller, see aler. 

alles, adv. {gen, of al), wholly, aliogetlur, 
A. R. 64 ; Kath. 796 ; Rob. 17 ; alles to swi^e 
HOM. I. 103 ; ba he alles spac Laj. 488 ; bo 
heo was alles pider icome Bek. 73 ; whon he 
wolde alles bicome mon c. L. 659. 

allunge, adv., 0,E, eallunga, eallinga; wholly, 
altogether, Laj. 8797 ; A. R. 164 ; H. M. 47 ; 
turn me allunge to |je hom. I. 185 ; eallunge 
Mat. iii. 10, allinge P. L. s. xiii. 218; Jos. 
440 ; P. S. 214 ; M. T. 108 ; allinges Mand. 189. 

almande, sb., Fr, amande ; almond, * amyg- 

datum ' ; almaunde PR. P. 10 ; almandes (pi,) 

C. M. 6895 ; ahnondes L. c. c. 9. 
almander, sb., 0,Fr, almandier; almond- tree; 

almaunder WiCL. eccles. xii. 5 ; almanders 

{plur.) WiCL. gen. XXX. ^7 ; almandres R. R. 

1363. 
almarie, sb., 0,Fr. almarie, almaire ; ambry, 

cupboard, clothes-press, bookcase ; almari 

^armarium* PR. P. 10; almaries {pi,) 

Langl. Bxvf, 246 ; the almeries of Neemie 

WiCL. 2 Macc. ii. 13. 
almesse, see elmesse. 
al-mi^t, adj., O.E, aehniht ; omnipotent, Mirc 

461 ; A. p. 1. 497 ; almight Gow. 1. 190; sacr. 

996 ; to god almi3te Fer. 256. 
al-mihtdn, adj., ffor almiht ; omnipotent, 

HOM. I. 15, 97; almigtin gen. & ex. 30; 

almihten Laj. 16783; almicten REL. I. 234; 

almihtinde 282. 
al-mihti^, adj., 0,E, ealmihtig, aElmeahtig,= 

0,H,G, almahtig, 0,N, almatii^ ; almighty, 

HOM. I. 217 ; aelmihti 221 ; almihti A. R. 430 ; 

spec 73; almihti AYENB. i; be almihti god 

FRAG. 8 ; god almihti HOM. I. 5 ; almahtij 

Orm. 95. 

almighti-hede, sb.,' omnipotentia,* PR. P. 10. 
almoner, sb., O.Fr, almosnier, aumosnier; 

almoner', {f printed snQoncr), ayenb. 190; 

aumoner c. M. 15219. 
along, see ^elang, -long, 
alosen, v., 0,Fr, aloser ; praise ; alosi ayenb. 

183; alosed {ppU:) R. R. 2354; Alis. (Sk.) 

139. 
alouaunce, sb., allowance, Langl. 7?xiv. 

109. 
alouin, v., 0,Fr, alloucr; allow, ^ alloc o^ 

PR. P. 10; alowe Shor. 137; J)is stat is 

moche to alowe vor his dignete ayenb. 227 ; 

aloue {pres) Ch. C. t. (Wr.) 10988 ; aloue 

{subj,) Rich. 4662. 
alp, sb., cf Norfolk dial, olp ; ^ sort of finch, 

^ficedulaj PR. P. 10 ; alpes (//.) R. R. 658. 
alpi, see anlepi^. als, see under al. 
alsene, sb., cf, M,Du, alsene, M,H,G, alansa ; 

awl, VOC. 150; elsin ^sibula' PR. P. 138. 



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20 



alter. 



amenusen. 



alter, sb., O.Fr. alter, auter, Lot, altare ; altar ^ 
Orm. io6i ; alter, auter gen. & ex. 758, 
1297 ; auter Hav. 369 ; JOS. 295 ; Man. (F.) 

1375- 

alter-old$, sb., altar clothy rel. I. 129. 
alxim, sb., O.Fr. alum ; alum^ a. p. ii. 1035 ; 

Ch. C. t. 6^813. 
alure, sb., 0,Fr. alure, aleure ; pleue to walk 

in^ passage^ gallery y Alis. 7210 ; GUY p. 85 ; 

PR. P. 10 ; alCip(e)s (//.) ROB. 192 j throu 

the aleris of his soler ^per cancellos coenaculi 

suV WiCL. 4 KINGS i. 2. 
a-luten, v., 0,E. alutan ; incline ; alute MISC. 

48 ; aloute Bek. 2140 ; PL. CR. 750 ; B. DISC. 

1254 ; alouted (preL) Will. 3721. 
alve, see alfe. 
alyisoh, 2id}.,= M.//,G. elbisch ; elfisk, like an 

el ft Gaw. 681 ; on alvisc smi^ LA5. 21 131 ; 

efvisch Ch. C. t. B 1893 ; an elvish knight 

Ell. ROM. II. 90. 
al-wealdende, adj., O.E. ealwealdend ; all- 

rulingy Kath. 615; alwaldinde Laj. 19548; 

ahvaeldend Orm. 153 ; alweldand Iw. 2199. 
am, V. (1 pers, sing, pres.\ 0,E, eom, earn, am, 

^ OJ^. cm, Gotk, im ; am^ Kath. 463 ; A. R. 

430; Orm. 205; o. & N. 170; Rob. 115; 

WiCL, GEN. XV. I ; i am come her Fer. 354 ; 

eam frag. 6 ; earn, sem, em, am Laj. 720, 

8033, 8899, 10524; aem, eom P. L. S. viii. i, 2 ; 

eom MISC. 192 ; ich hit eom it is I Mat. xiv. 

27 ; em Mk. vi. 50; hom. I. 115. 
art (2 pers, sing, pres,\ 0£. eart, = 0,N, 

ert; art^ Kath. 450; Orm. 2206; o. & n. 

38; Rob. 31; WiCL. John viii. 12; eart 

HOM. I. 29 ; eart, aert, ert frag. 6, 7 ; La^. 

1442, 1499, 2237; aert, ert Mat. xiv. 28, Lk. 

i. 4 ; ert A. R. 26 ; HOM. II. 29. 
is (3 pers, sin^, pres.), 0.E, is, = O.L,G, is, 

Goth,y O.H,G, 1st ; w, Orm. 667 ; wa is me 

HOM. 1. 35 ; hwet is us to donne 91 ; lutel me 

is of ower luve Jul. 27 ; me is ))e wurs o. & N. 

34 ; what is fe what is the matter with thee 

ASS. 227 ; what is 50U Brd. 21 ; he ... is 

riden to |)e feldes Ch. C. t. A 1503; is, os 

La^ 745» 5354 ; es c. m. 5880; Iw. 34 ; E.w. 39. 
aren (pl,pres,)y 0,E, earun, « O.N, eru ; are^ 

HOM. II. 73 ; Mark. 8 ; Hav. 619 ; spec 85 ; 

Langl. ^iii. 80; am HOM. I. 269; Orm. 

4555 ; GEN. & EX. 16. 
Bind, Binden (pi, pres)y O.E, sind, sindon, 

= O.L,G, sind, sindun, 0,H,G, sint, sintun, 

Goth, sind; are^ Mat. x. 31, xxii. 8; sinden 

Orm. 389 ; sindon, sindan Misc. 146 ; senden 

HiCKES I. 223 ; REL. 1. 210 ; senden, sunden 

P. L. S. viii. 144 ; sende HOM. II, 173 ; sunden, 

sunde LA3. 4359, 16796. 
Bi (subj, pres,), 0,E, si, sie, seo, « 0,L,G,, 

0,H,G, si, Goth, sijau; HOM. I. 245, II. 91 ; 

Orm. 3378 ; si, seo Laj. 8545, 14893 ; seon 

(//.) (0,E, slen, seon) Laj. 13837 ; sion (»tr. 

syon), sien Mat. vi. 25, John xvii. 22. 



a-mceden {for ^emSden, 0,E, gemsedan], 

f distract y derange \ am&d (pple,) HORN 

(L.) 574; P. S. 156; S. A, L. 154; amad, 

amead H. M. 37; amed A. R. 324; MISC. 48; 

heo weoren amadde Laj. 4438. 
amaien, v., 0,Fr, esmaier, amaier, = Itcd, 

smagare ; dismay : bou mi3t not me amaie 

Fer. 485 ; ne amai fe nou^t s. s. (Wr.) 1536; 

amaied (pple,) Alis. 1749; Ch. Tro. iv. 

641. 
a-maistren, v., = Ger, ermeistem ; master^ 

Langl. ^vi.214 (^vii. 200) ; ameistren a. r. 

140; amaistre^ (pres,) ayenb. 129 ; amai- 

Btrede (pret.) P. L. s. xxiv. 60. 
a-m&nfiieny v., 0,E, amansumian, 0,H,G, 

armeinsamon ; excommunicate ; amansi Bek. 

1744; amonsi p. s. 196; amftnaede (firet,) 

p. L. S. xvii. 512 ; am&nBed (pple,) hom. 

I. 45; Kath. 2101; o. & n. 1307; Rob, 

335. 
amjinirfng, sb., 0,E, amansumtmg; excom- 

mumcation^ ayenb. 189. 
a-m&sen, v., 0,E, amasian ; amase ; am^md 

(pple,) A. r. 270 ; Will. 686 ; Gow. II. 25. 
ambesafiiy sb., Fr. ambesas ; both aces, Rob. 

51 ; H. H. 108 (no). 
ambicidn, sb., Fr, ambition; ambition, 

ayenb. 22. 
amblen, v., Fr, ambler; amble; amblinde 

(pple.) Halliw. 53; amblinge Ch. C. t. 

Es^B. 

ambler, sb., Fr, ambleur ; ambler, cath. 9. 
ambohty sb., 0,E, ombeht, ■= 0,H,G, am- 

paht, ambaht, Goth, andbahts; servant, 

Orm. 2329. 
&me, sb., from Amen ; aim, guess, D. Troy 

7088 ; GENER. 5959 ; A. p. iii. 128. 
amel, sb., 0,Fr, esmal; enamel, Halliw. 

54. 
amelen, v., 0,Fr, esmailler; enamel \ amelid 

(pple.) Halliw. 54. 
4m6D, v., O.Fr. aesmer, esmer, « mod,Eng, 

aim; estimate*, amin ^aestimo* PR. P. 190 ; hou 

manie ))er deide i mai nought ame Man. (F.) 

4449 ; aime Will. 1596 ; eime)> (pres,) WiCL. 

LEV. xxvii. 8. 
amende, sb., 0,Fr, amende, from Lot. 

emendare; reparation, fine, compensation; 

amendes (//.) ayenb. 37 ; PR. c. 1589. 

amenden, v., OJ^r, amender,^.£?/« Lat, emen- 
dare ; correct, reform; give satisfaction for an 
offence, amend, mend, C. L. 1 1 17; amende 
Bek. 1094 ; schon amende J OS. 423 ; amendi 
R. S. ii ; amendeS (imp.) a. r. 420. 

amendment, sb., O.Fr. amendement; cor- 
rection; improvement; reparation, ROB. 32; 
Shor. 51 ; AYENB. 32. 

amenusen, v., 0,Fr, amenuisier; diminish; 
amenusi E. w. 28 ; amenuaed (pple.) Ch. 
I BOET. ii. 4 (40). 



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a-mdoken. 



an. 



21 



a-meoken, v., render meek ; am^kid {pple.) 

GEST. R. 177. 

amerciment, sb., O.Fr, amerciment ; forfeit y 
fine ; amerclments (//.) Ch. C. t. 7752. 
amercin, v., O.Fr, amercier ; amerce^ fine^ 

PR. P. 1 1 ; amerci Langl. B vi. 40. 
a-merien, v., 0£, amerian ; purify \ amered 

{ppu:^ s. s. (Web.) 2266. 
a-merran, v., 0,E. amerran, -myrran ; tnar^ 

destroy y corrupt^ HOM. I. 23; amerre Misc.' 

74; amaerre, -marren [amorre] LA3, 5356, 

19469 ; amerre}> (pres,) ayenb. 203 ; a- 

merde, -maerde [amorde] {pret,) LA5. 3825, 

1 1725 ; jju amerdest frag. 8 ; amerred (pple,) 

Shor. 105. 
amenreillen, v., OJ^r, esmerveiller; amer- 

veilled (ppie.) struck with wonder, surprised, 

L. r. H. 160 ; amervailed Will. 3857. 
amdsen, v., O.Fr, amesir (from Lat, mitire) ; 

appease \ amese you D. Troy. 12842; Townl. 

194. 
amesuren, v., O.Fr, amesurer; moderate \ 

amefltire}> (pres,) ayenb. 252. 
amete, sh,,O.E. aemete, = A/.Z>«.emte,eempte, 

OJl.G. ameiza; ant\ amote ayenb. 141; 

amte, emte WiCL. prov. vi. 6 ; ampte LiDG. 

M. P. 88; ematte 'formica' voc. 177; 

imeten (pL) Rob. 296; emeten Bek. 2241 ; 

emoten Alis. 6566. 
imete-hul, sb., 0.E, aemethyll; ant-hill, 

Rob. 296. 
a-mdten» v., O.K. ametan ; measure ; am^ten 

(pple^) YViKG. 2. 

ametist, sb., Fr. amediyste ; amethyst, P. L. S. 

XX3CV. 93 ; amatiste MISC. 98. 
ami, sb., Fr, ami ; friend, Alis. 1966. 
amiable, sb., Fr. amiable ; friendly, Ch. C. t. 

A 138. 
amice, sb., O.Fr, aumuce ; amice, PR. P. 1 1 ; 

amise WiCL. Is. xxii. 17. 
amidon, sb., Fr, ami don ; starch, L. c. c. 8. 
aministreiiy v., O.Fr. aministrer; administer; 

amiiii8tre}> (pres.) Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (135). 
ftmii» ^i^^ sb., O.Fr. amiral, mod,Eng, admiral ; 

emir, Saracen ruler, ROB. 409 ; admiral Fl. 

& Bl. 201 ; admiral, admirail Laj. 27668, 

27680; admiraud HORN (H.) 96. 
amit^ sb., OJ^r, amit ; garment, amice, hood, 

^amictus,' voc. 231 ; WiCL. EXOD. xxxix. 21. 
amonestezLy v., O.Fr, amonester ; admonish ; 

ainoneBte}> (pres.) ayenb. 8 ; Ch. Boet. v. 

5 (135). 

amoDicioun, sb., O.Fr. amonition ; admoni- 
tion, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (135)- 

amorous, adj., O.Fr. amorous ; amorous, 
Gow. I. 89 ; R. R. 83. 

amortisen, v., O.Fr. amortir ; deaden ; alien- 
ate in mortmain ; amorteise LiDG. M. P. 207; 
amortlseden (pret.) Langl. ^xv. 315 ; a- 
mortiaed (pple.) Ch. C. t. 7247. 



amonnten, amountiy v., 0,Fr. amonter; 

amount, ascend, rise, L. H. R. 38 ; amuntet 

(pres.) MISC. 28 ; amounted (pret.) A. p. ii. 

395. 
am6yen, v., O.Fr. esmovoir ; set in motion ; 

excite ; amdved (ppie.) Gow. 1. 296 ; ame\ed 

[amoved] Ch. Boet. i. i (6). 

ampairi, v., see enpeiren. 

ampre, sb., O.E. ampre, prov.Eng. am per ; 
tumour; ampres (pL) hom. I. 237. 

ampulle, sb., Lat. ampulla ; phial, ampulla, 
LA3. 14986 ; ampuUes, ampoUes (pL) Langl. 
A V. 527. 

amte, see amete. 

a-murSrin, v., O.E. amyr^rian ; mur- 
der, HOM. L 247; amiirtSred (pple) Laj. 
16147. 

an, v., O.E. ann, an, = O.N. ann, O.H.G. an 
(pret. -pres.) ; favour, grant, o. & N. 1739 ; as 
i jie love and an Trist. 839 ; ^\i god hit an 
La^. 1485 1 ; fat he mire dohter wel on 1 1928 ; 
on MISC. 116; ich on wel J)at je witen Kath. 
1761 ; we unnen PROCL. 2 ; \\i je me blisse 
unnen [unne^ Kath. 2376 ; fe \t ufel unnen 
Laj. 281 17 ; fet me |[od unnen Marh. 21 ; 
unne(j«^'.)P.L. S.viii. 158; LA3.25114; god 
almihti unne me . . . Jjet ich mote \t, iseo hom. 
L 199 ; (ms. hunne) gen. & ex. 2249 ; comp. 
^e-an ; deriv. imnen, este. 

an, see and. an-, see en-. 

[an-, on-, prefix, from an prep.] 

[an-% on-\ prefix, = and-.] 

an, on, o, a, prep. & adv., O.E. an, on, = 
O.Fris. an, on, 3i,0.LG., O.H.G. an, 2Ln2,,Goth. 
ana, O.N. a, Gr. avd; on: an are halfe Laj. 
20717 ; an horse and an [a] fote 502 ; riden 
an (sec. text uppe) horse 12979; he bar an [on J 
his hande 25809 ; an J>an ilke time 3890 ; an, 
on [a] live 3537, 10785 ; |)a spaeche him code 
an (sec. text at) wille 13076; Brennes cu'^e 
an (sec. text of) havekes 4896; an (? =and) 
long 138 ; he havede ane honde 3793 ; fe 
king wes ane (in) France 23690; hevede 
. . . kinebeam on wombe 199 ; on [a] slaspe 
1 1 59; on [a] godes nomen 10136; he 
com on lond 116; ))e king nom paX writ 
on bond 484 ; fu hit halst on (sec. text mid) 
unriht 7374; mob he havet on (of) firti 
3313 ; muchele men on mihte 23919 ; ofte he 
hire lokede on 18538; hardliche heo on 
slo5en [an hewen] 1529; he heom on leide 

Eat weoren lawen gode 2077 ; pah he hefde 
runie on 1553; on heo duden heore iweden 
9450 ; one leoden (r. leode) 3718 ; a londe & a 
watere 550 ; a (sec. text bi) daei(e) o^r a nihte 
1965 1 ; to dai a seoven nihten 1 1929 ; and swor 
a (sec. text bi) seint Brd. 17314 ; a (? = and) 
bat her com li^n ma of heore leoden 6040 ; 
ileid an (in) horde P. L. S. viii. 6 ; on belle 
116 ; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon a worde 
& ec a dede 2 ; a watere & a londe 41 ; an 



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aiu 



&nt 



[on] ende A. R. 146; an Englisch 130 ; on 
ever iche halve 50 ; enes a wike 344 ; bringe^ 
a vlihte 248 ; o ¥e rode 262 ; an elle REL. I. 
132 ; ^>are manie rotes one (ms, onne) wacse^ 
128 ; on ende 1487 ; }>at tu havest on heorte 
2142 ; he heold on {continued) to herien 434 ; 
o [on] worlde 527 ; a (v. r. til) ¥et 719 * ; on 
(ms. onn) eor)je Orm. 422; on Abrahames 
time 4089 ; he wolde . . . us . . . bringen on 
to foljhen \>eire bisne 77^7 i fat naht }>at 
Crist was boren one (ms. onne) 3753; f^t 
standej) o J)e godspelboc 315; aenes o be 
;er 1078 ; an erne O. & N. 323 ; nis on fe 
non holinesse 900; and )>ar one suliej) 1240; 
fah no preost a londe nere 13 14; a worlde 
1363 ; a sumere 416 ; a dai 219 ; heo hadde 
gode brote and schille and fale manne song 
a wilJe 1722; an horn hue ber an honde 
Horn (R.) iiii ; he sloh a felde him fat 
(h)is fader aqvelde 997 ; an eve Brd. 31 ; 
ich wondri on mi fojt 15 ; none o)>er clojyes 
nadde he on 29 ; a godes name 7 ; hi wende 
a lond 6 ; an, on ende c. L. 822, 973 ; on 
English 74 ; a live 1422 ; a last a/ /ast 457 ; 
o (? = 0%) bat 152; an haste ayenb. 31 ; 
him on to loki 244 ; ane his left half 156 ; 
a J)e left half 156; he val|> a grund 91 ; 
ones a dai 73; ones a ^er E. G. 359; 
an er}>e Shor. 102 ; a jere 34 ; an eve, 
a morwe K. T. 468 ; he fel a slepe 397 ; 
on )>inen namen *m nomine iuo^ Mat. 
vii. 22 ; seofan si^an ... on daig ^septies in die ' 
Lk. xviir4 ; on (in) |)ine huse frag. 6 ; on to 
lokienne to look on%\ on (v. r. in) %er sae 
HiCKES I. 223 ; on londe HOM. 1. 13 ; on heof- 
ene & on eor¥an 1 1 ; beon on worlde 35 ; on 
J)isse deie 99; to dei on fowertene niht 123 ; 
men cwela% on (of) hungre 1 1 1 ; & him on 
bleow (breathed into) gast 221 ; a londe 17 ; 
a domes deie 239 ; a (? « and) \eX drihten 
com 1 5 ; alle hire luveden )>at hire on lokeden 
Marh. 2 ; don us mare wa on Jul. 43 ; be 
reve het on live ant o leomen 58 ; on eorre 
H. M. 25 ; bat mahten bringe jJe on (induce 
thee) mis for to donne 17 ; on J)e fot of the 
dune HOM. II. 89 ; lustliche on to siene 163 ; 
J)e jn-op )>e preste(s) one wunien 89 ; enes o 
dai, 67 ; a dai 109 ; be fu wis on \\ word & 
war on J)ine speche REL. I. 186 ; ilc fis on 
M'ater GEN. & EX. 162 ; on morgen 1093 ; on 
live 3595 ; so faiger he was on to sen 2659 ; 
king on Englene loande PROCL. i ; on godes 
nome Misc. 39 ; he is feir & briht on heowe 
96 ; Afulf sede on hire ire Horn (L.) 309 ; 
prut on herte 1389 ; wij) swerde ihc fe an 
hitte (Panhitte) 712; on live Hav. 363; on 
horse riden 370 ; J)is clobes fat ich one (ms. 
onne) have 1145; on eifer side ROB. 17 ; o 
live 40 ; j>re sij)e . . a 5er 376 ; fat Peteres pans 
. . to |>e pope nere not on isend Bek. 618 ; fej 
al fe toun were a fure 1049 ; on wicchecraft 
nout i ne con an. lit. 7 ; on fote gon spec. 90 ; 
a naht by night 34 ; when elde him comeJ> on 
A. D. 252 ; on felde Will. 173 ; a daie 610 ; a 



live 129; on haste Alis. 1855; on be dai 
Mand. 288 ; on live Jos. 707 ; Gow. II. 372 ; 
on [a] grounde and on [a, o] lofte Langl. A i. 
88 (90) ; fai felle on slepe S. S. ( Wr.) 2745 ; he 
rod on hunting E. T. 931 ; ronne bournes al 
on blode Flor. 609; so semeli on to see 
2071 ; i ran on [a] blode H. H. 55 ; o jwit 
come domes dai 148 ; & Danmark on (/or 
of) him wan Man. (H.) 57 ; o fote 163 ; six- 
teen hundred bei brought on (for of) live 
Rich. 2059 ; wnat shal worthe on me MIR. 
PL. 151 ; a bedde S. S. (Web.) 1513 ; on f5n 
be£rin Laj. 21194 ; fon on 5630, 17393> 17423 ; 
& feng on fus to speken Kath. 315 ; we vo^ 
on to spekene A. R. 74 ; fo we on o. & N. 179 ; 
taken on begin La^. 25965 ; on take RoB. 1 70. 

an ftn (printed anan), anon, Kath. 31 ; J^ej 
wisten sone an an (ms. anan) Orm. 225 ; 
fowerti^ da3hes aj on an (ms. onnan) 11331. 

an, &n, a, on, 6, card, num., O.E. ^xi, — O.L.G. 
en, O.N. einn, O.H.G. ein, Goth, ains ; cm 
(a), one : }>aet J>i sien an * ut sint unum ' John 
xvii. 22 ; -fa nam man an and an (one by one) 
Sax. chr. 253 ; on an to eastren 256 ; a daeis 
fare 262 ; an child HOM. I. 77 ; ure an 21 ; a 
seep 121 ; an [a] preost LA3. i ; an hore 15579; 
J)e an 22757 ; an efter ane OTie after another 
6969 ; an and twenti 9541 ; fa weoren heo 
al an 29080; a wif 2528; )>e an Kath. 
576; an swa swote smeal 1600; ^ette 
me an hwat 768 ; a meiden 66 ; a crune 1 585 ; 
in a londe 21 ; an hwet wite J)u Marh. 5 ; 
al me is an )>in olhnung ant tin eie 5; 
an an for^ riht 15 ; meiden an eadiest * virgo 
beatissima^ 13; an man Orm. 11213; an 
duhti^ wif 1 13 ; an an 225 ; an (yj?r ane) cribbe 
3321; an (for anes) mannes 5813; a mikel 
here 3370 ; a cribbe 3366 ; an hors O. & N* 
773 ; an an, on 488, 1554, 1658 ; on old stoc 
25 ; on hare 383 ; jif me hit halt evre forJ> 
in on 356 ; a word 502 ; a tonge 156 ; o song 
333 ; an wis man GEN. & EX. 2649 ; and 
iciste (h)is bre¥ere on and on 2266 ; an hare 
Rob. 457 ; an (ffor ane) fourti ^er 230 ; an 
vewe wilde hinen 540 ; heo were al at on 113; 
a dorter 12 ; at o time 306; an hound Will. 
10; an live mile 51 10; a stounde 159; on a 
time 8 ; an hors Mand. 249 ; on ge^ ... in 
one sliddrie weie A. R. 252 ; heo is ever on 6 : 
an on 20 ; in on 6 ; 5if a mon is god 86 ; ))et o 
mon beo vor one J)inge twien idemed 308 ; a 
sih¥e 48 ; o luve 12 ; no qvodh on Hav. 1800; 
but on 962 ; ilk an 1770; an hundred 2126; 
a king 27 ; of a tale 3 ; habbe vela^rede J)e on 
wif ^ ofre ayenb. 43 ; biej> al on 259 ; a 
kni^t 45 ; o fing 46 ; whenne on hath don a 
sinne MiRC 71 ; and bofe on god 465 ; ¥re 
dales slep he al on on REL. I. 226 ; an on to 
fe frote * usqve ad guttur* Trev. III. loi ; 
J)ei wepen evere in on [oon] Ch. C. t. ^ 1771 ; 
a so gret best Brd. 31 ; a fourten night s. S. 
(Web.) 2363 ; an (for ane) o^r speche A. R. 
100; an [on] ofer tale O. & N. 544; fine 



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ftn. 



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^3 



[0,E, ana (masc), Sne (/em,)] alone : )»a he 
ane waes Mk. iv. lo ; he ane HOM. I. 165 ; 
Kath. 224 ; ane he gon riden La). 6466 ; 
we hine Isete^ ane 25702 ; nu )>u sert al ane 
[one] (alone) 17934 ; as ha . . . wes . . . hire 
ane [sola) Jul. 31 ; he cube him ane ben Orm. 
3194 ; he was king one KOB. 315 ; heo wende 
aJone Bek. 59; betere is ]>at ich one deie SPEC. 
81 ; left was he one Will. 211 ; him ane ich 
luvie Marh. 4 ; let J)e gome one Gaw. 2118 ; 
nawt ane ... ah Marh. 14 ; nout one A. R. 
46; nojt one ROB. 193; ftnes {gen, m. n.) 
La^ 15574 ; anes eorSliches monnes HOM. I. 
33 ; anes mannes Orm. 22 ; wi% his anes wit 
Kath. 5^9 ; ane kinges 73 ; ever ich ones 
every one's A. R. 134 ; mid his ones mihte 160; 
one monnes 202 ; to )>an anes {/or ane) LA5. 
17304; for ))en anes^&r fAe nonce Jul. 71 ; 
(ms, ^ naness) Orm. 7160; for fen ones 
Shor. 125 ; Alis. 1624; Will. 2015 • &nre 
(S^'f) 1-K. xviii. 25 ; ftnun {dat. m. n) HOM. 
1. 245 ; anan John xx. i ; anen Mat. vi. 24 ; 
anaLEECHD. III. 88; biforen |>am preoste ane 
HOM. I. yy ; buton ane treowe 221 ; ane, one 
A.R. 78, 124, 150; live^ . . . bi him one 12 ; on 
ane daie La^. 82 ; an one dseie 6443 ; i had 
no bropir hot him ane Perc. 2043 ; alle heo 
weoren bi ane {together^ cf. M,H,G, bi ein) 
La;. 22947 ; na^t o del to onen and ^t o]>er 
del to an o)»ren ayenb. 175 ; alle we bie)> of 
one kende 1 86 ; mid one worde frag. 8 ; he 
sat up one vaire bo^e O. & N. 15 ; mid mine 
one songe 789 ; bute be one HOM. I. 201 ; as 
hit were for )ian one Brd. 18 ; ))ei weoren at 
oneK.T,277; toe (<j5:j/./) John xx. 7 ; hom. 
1. 173 ; La^. 555 ; ore o. & N. 17 ; in ore ni^t 
Fl. & Bl. 83 ; Anne (ace, m.) HOM. I. 221 ; 
anne 93 ; aenne, enne, anne [one, on] La^. 88, 
394i556; aenne, an Orm. 3374, 81 18; enne 
a. R. 56 ; enne gost ayenb. 145 ; enne, anne 
0. & N. 799, 831 ; Shor. 93, 95 ; enne, en 
MISC. 50, 51 ; en P. S. 150 ; anne stroc he jef 
bim Rob. 223 ; ane man ayenb. 58 ; ftne 
[ace,/,) hom. I. 91; ane [one] dohter Laj. 
2400 ; (misTvritten ane) 2247 ; ane hwile 
Kath. 183 ; ane, ana leechd. III. 96 ; one 
0. & N. 199 ; one boc A. R. 54 ; one herte 
AYENB. 145 ; of ane (for are) sunne hom. I. 
33 ; bi one halve o. & N. 109; ftne (//.) Orm. 
19764 ; for hie ane John xvii. 20 ; ane foue 
Laj. 11752* ; ane fewe P. s. 194 ; )>a kinges 
• . . ane |>er wmieden LA3. 23880 ; )>er heo 
weren one bi ham sulven a. R. 154 ; bi ham 
ane Marh. 14. 

an-and, prep., ? *= anefen ; near to ; anant (/ ms, 
an-ante) treat. 137; onond, anont, onont, 
anonde, ononde A. R. 4, 6, 124, 164, 426; 
anont H. M. 9 ; C L. 1076 ; MiRC 1961 ; onont 
te under Kath. 2531 ; anende a. p. i. 1135. 
B^napped, pple., sleepy ; anapped he was p. 
L. s. xvii 278. 

ttn-ar^jen, v., make cowardly ; anarwi]' ( pres.) 
Aus. 3346. 



an-bel^n, v., be angry ; anbalh (pret,) LA3. 
36359 ; onboljen (pple,) Laj. 1696. 

an-biden, v., 0,E, onbldan ; await : an- 
bidende (/ ms, & bi diemde) [abidinge] heore 
wille LA3. 8622. 

an '-biirsten, v., burst out : and he anbursten 
agon swulc (he) weore a wilde bar La). 
25831 ; cnihtes anbiirste [aborst] (pple.) 
weoren 25241. 

ancessonr, sb., O.Fr. ancessour; ancestor; 
auncessour Man. (F.) 945 ; ancestre Bek. 429. 

anoestrie, sb., O.Fr, ancesserie; ancestry; 
auncestrie Man. (H.) 14. 

ancheisoiin, see enoheisdn. 

ancieiiy adj., O.Fr. ancien ; ancient ; auncien 
Mand. 93. 

ancleou, sb., 0,E, ancIgow,«=(9.Fm.onclewe, 
cf. O.H.G, anchal, OJV, 6kla ; ankle ; oncleou 
^ talus ^ FRAG. 2; ancle voc. 148; ancle, 
anclee Ch. C. t. A 1660; anolowe (daf,) 
Ar. & Mer. 5206. 

an'-on&wen, v., 0,E, oncnawan, -= 0,H,G.\nt'y 
incnahan : recognize^ acknowledge : ge . . . 
ononftweS * cognoscttis* Mk. viii. 17; on-, 
oknftiin (pple,) aware C. M. 8627 ; be aknawe 
Am. & Amil. 2099; J)ou art so)>es aknowe 
LEB. Jes. 332 ; ich am aknowe WILL. 4391. 

anore, sb., 0,E, ancra ; anchorite, a. r. 6 ; 
Rob. 380; Langl. Civ. 141; anoren (pi,) 
A. R. 4 ; see anker ^ 
anore-hliBy sb., house of anchorites, A. R. 88. 

anoren, v., anchor ; iancred ( pple,) a. r. 142. 

an-oume, sb., accident; oncume hom. I. 
147 ; oncome c. M. 5927. 

an-cumen, v., come upon : onkumen (pple.) 
GEN. & EX. 841. 

and, prep., O.E. and, ond,«= O.M and-, O.Fris, 
and, anda, end, enda, ond-, Goth, and, anda-, 
OX.G, and, ant, 0,H,G, ant-, ent-, int-, Gr. 
aitri; against, towards, near, with regard 
to; )>e holie pistle )>e me ret to dai and 
(in) ech holie chirche HOM. II. 117; his 
baerd and (f for an) his chinne La^. 20305 ; 
do¥ up and (r an) waritreo 5704 ; J)e brude t»at 
briht is and bleo Misc. 91 ; )>e mon be spare]> 
ieorde and ionge childe rel. I. 104 (misc. 
130); and ende a L. 1177* ; and last 127; 
from heih and (ms, &) to herre HOM. I. 207 ; 
and )>at hit wes daei liht La^. 5667 ; he is end 
Ionge feouwer & sixti munden 21993 ; bi- 
winne^ sone sucurs & help and (from) ure 
loverd A. R. 244; ent domis dai Misc. 216; 
ande long (lengthwise) nouht over J)wert Hay. 
2822 ; ende long Marh. 10 ; comp, an-and. 

and% conj., O.-E.and, ond,= O.Fm. and, ande, 
end, ende, 0,L,G, endi, 0,H,G, anti,enti, inti, 
unti; a«</,ANGL.VII.22o; HOM. 1. 29; Kath. 
289; (ms, annd) Or M. 1849; aefre & aefre 
206 ; aever tweie and tweie tuhte to somne LA3. 
24749; aemc^ aevere vorS & voi^ 16441 ; 



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24 



an<L 



a-nemnen. 



and ^ef |>u miht seine finden 3692 ; ant 104 ; 
& {for & jif) bu hit nult ileven 8313 ; an 
2297, 5780 ; and if an. lit. 12 ; and (^r and 
if) Hav. 2862 ; Jos. 389 ; Perc. 1156 ; ant. 
Arth. xvi ; and i cacche mijte Langl. B ii. 
192 [^if i mihte cacche A ii. 167] ; and, ant 
A. R. 174, 230 ; and, an O. & N. 4, 7 ; a L. 
7 1 Si 789; AYENB. 15; and, ant, an Hav. 
29, 36 ; ant Jul. 2, 3 ; Kath. 1977 ; spec 23 ; 
an S. S. (Web.) 730; ande E. G. 20; aend, 
end Mk. i. 40, iii. 26 ; ent hom. I. 241 ; ? a P. 
L. S. iii. 13 ; wen he is holden a mai apol. 56. 

ande, sb., (9.£*.anda, onda (indignation^ envy)^ 
«= O.L.G, ando, O.H.G, ando, anado, O.N» andi 
{breath, spirit) \ breath, spirit, Iw. 3555 ; PR. 
C 3054; and TowNL. 154; onde ^{h)aleine' 
voc 146 ; PR. P. 364 ; Alis. 3501 ; Fer. 
2242 ; Gow. II. 260 ; ne drage^ ge non onde 
rel. I. 217 ; onde {envy) Laj. 22756 ; A. R. 
274; o. & N. 419 ; Rob. 40; c. l. 211 ; p. s. 
196 ; P. L. S. v.* 51 ; R. R. 148 ; bah men to 
me han onde spec. 29 ; for anden Mat. xxvii. 
18; |>urh ande Mk. xv. 10; )>urh onden 
[onde] Kath. 893. 
ond-Aily adj.,yS^// of envy, a. r. 68*. 

anden, v., 0>N, anda ; breathe ; ande cath. 9 ; 
ondin PR. P. 364 ; andes {pres,) c. M. 21075. 

[ander-y ande-y prefix, slender, =(?.£^. end; 

formerly^ 
ander-sith, andesith, 2As,<, formerly, a M. 
21 10, 24268. 

andetted, see endetted. 

andetten, v., 0,E, an-, ondettan ; confess : 
hio andetten {pret.) hiora sinnan Mat. iii. 6. 

and-^CBten, v., confess: andjsten ure sinnes 
Orm. 15 163. 

and^atinge» sb., confession, Orm* 18027. 
and^fitneMe, sb., confession, Orm. 2762. 

andiy adj., O.E.andjg; envious; ondi Map 336. 

andiren, sb., / a corruption of 0,Fr, andier ; 
andiron ; aundirin PR. P. 19 ; aundire voa 
176. 

and-lffit, sb., « J/jL.(7. antlat, OJ^ris, andlete; 

face; onlaet Orm. 12939; onlete hom. I. 59 ; 
ne tume )>ine anleth me fra PS. xxvi. 9. 

an'-dr&den, v., 0,E, an-, ondraedan,= (9.Z.(7. 
and-, ant-, andradan, O.H.G, intratan; dread, 
Mk. vi. 50 ; ondraeden Mat. i. 20 ; adreden 
hom. I. Ill; Lax 8744 \ ^^ ^^^ him sore 
adreden HiCKES I. 223 ; he mai him adrede 
grame o. & N. 1484 ; ac sore )>u mi3t }>e adrede 
r. S. i ; adrdde {pres) p. L. s. viii. 3 ; 
ondr&dde, ondredde {pret,) Mat. ii. 22, xiv. 
%o\ adredde Horn 1170; adr»d [adred] 
{pple.) Laj. 10952 ; adred Hav. 1258 ; spec. 
no; Townl. 25; adrad Hav. 278; Will. 
1980; Mand. 282; Tor. 289; we weren 
adredde Kath. 1345 ; aren adradde [adrad] 
Langl. ^xix. 21. 

and-scltOy adj. & sb., O.K. andssete, = 6^^M. 



andasets; odious; enemy ; ORM. 1 607 1 ; and- 
sete HOM. II. 115, 183 ; ansete I. 107. 

and-seohe, sb., O.K. andsaec; denial, hom. II. 
147. 

and-springen, v., 0,E* onspringan,=6>.Z.(7. 
ant-, anspringan, O.H,G, intspringan ; spring 
up, rise ; and8prong(e) (pple.) C L. 152*. 

and-sware^ sb., 0.E, andswere, answare 
[answere], andswaru; answer; La^. 4412, 
1 1925, 26355; andsware, -swere Orm. 
2404, 12016; andswere Mat. ii. 12; gen. & 
EX. 3081 ; ondswere Jul. ii ; andsvare, 
ondsware, answare, onsware, answere, 
ansvere, onswere O. & N. 55, 149, 470, 11 76; 
answare ISUM. 674; answere Shor. 123; 
ansvere Rob. 197 : onswere a. r. 8. 

and-swerien, v., 0,E. and-, ondswerian ; an- 
swer, Laj. 22421 ; andsweren Orm. 2036; 
onswerien A. R. 94 ; onswerie hom. I. 73 ; 
ansverie AYENB. 67 ; answere Ch. C. t. 
D 1077 ; onswere JOS. 377 ; ich ansverie 
Bek. 5^1 ; and-9 answerede {pret.) Mat. 
viii. 8, xii. 39 ; answerede GEN. & ex. 2728 ; 
ansverede Brd. 9 ; answereden Mand. 229. 

[and-wane], awane, adj., 0,N, andv^ia, 
andvani ; wanting, lacking : to dei he mei to 
nuu^an hit him is awane hom. I. 21 ; hit is 
onwane of his hele 29. 

and-weoro, sb., O^, andweorc ; material : 
of |>issen andweorke alle )>ing he iwrouhte 
FRAG. 8. 

and-wurden, v., O.E. andwyrdan,= a/f.(7. 
antwurtan, Goth, andwaurdjan ; r^ly ; and* 
wurde {pret.) hom. I. 91. 

anOy see an. 

an-efen, prep., 0»E, on ti&ci,=0,L,G, aneban, 
modEng, anent ; near to, against ; anen 
Mand. 80; onefent (t paragogic, see Gr. 
GRAM. III. 217) A. R. 164*; anent Alex. 735 ; 
anentis, anemptis WiCL. John v. 45 ; rel. II. 
47 ; anemptes H alliw. 61 ; onence PR. c 1355. 

an-e^ed, adj.^ one-eyed \ oneyid PR. P. 365; 
oni^ed a. p. ii. 102. 

a'-nehy adv., near; al )>at heo aneh comen 
Laj. 3827. 

an^Ien, v., O.Fr, 3Lnt\tr,from Lat, anhelare ; 
pant after, puff at : berez and borez and 
etaines . . . |iat him an61ede {pret) of )>e he^ 
felle Gaw. 722 [Morris renders * attacked, wor- 
ried*] ; of linage a gret gentilman anelid to 
J)is bischaprik WiNT. viii. xxxviii. 230. 

an-elen, v., O.E, an-, onselan; set on fire, 
bum ; andlend {ms. anhelend) hom. I. 219 ; 
onealde {pret) hom. I. 97 ; aneled {pple) 
Gow. III. 96 ; anelid WiCL. Is. xvi. 7. 

an-^lie, v., anoint with oil, Shor. 44 ; an^e)> 
{pres,) 43 ; an61id {pple) * inunctus' PR. P. 
II ; anelet MiRC 1812. 
an61inge, sb., anointing with oil, Ununctioi 
PR. P. II. 

a-nemnen, v., 0. E. anemnan, = AT. ^. C?. 



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a-nemnen. 



angri. 



^5 



emennen ; name ; anemnede {^ret) P. l. s. 

XV. 20. 
dnerli, adv., ffrom &n ; cUone^ Barb. vii. 59 ; 

all anerli v. 281 ; Hamp. tr. 4. 
anesy jtftf AnoB. 

a nenste^ see nehweste under ndh. 
anenSy sb., pL, O.Fr, aniaos, pL <?/'anel ; rings ^ 

links, fettersy Man. (H.) 167, 278. 
a-newen, v., = O.H.G. imiuwon ; renew ; 

anewe dep. R. iii. 24; ?ennSwi|> WiCL. 

ECCLUS. xxxviii. 30; Penewes Townl. 314. 
IUi-&]d, adj., 0,E. §nfeald ; simple, HOM. I. 

151; Marh. II ; Orm. 18668; c. M. 6342; 

ofeald HOM. II. 187. 

ftnfUde-liohe, adv., simply, hom. I. 5. 
an-felt, sb., O.E. an-, oii^\t,—O.H,G. anevalz, 

MJ)u, aenbelt, -bilt; emvil; anvelt * incus* 

RKL. I. 6; Trev. III. 207; Ch. d. Bl. 

1165 ; anefeltWiCL.ECCLUS. xxxviii. 29; anvilt 

Fer. 1308. 
an'-16n, v., O.E, an-, onion,— 0,H,G, antfa- 

han ; receive ; onfon LA3. 1069 ; Orm. 17948; 

fxaSSp ( pres.) Orm. 4224 ; heo onfo)> frag. 

7; onfSng (pret.) LA3. 134; onfengen Mat. 

il 12 ; Orm. 14396 ; ani5n (pple,) LA3. 8827. 
an-gardy sb., arrogance, D. Troy 9745; 

ongart M. H. 49 ; angardes (gen,) Gaw. 681. 
ange, sb., OJE, ange, = O.H.G, ango ; anguish, 

distress: him was w£^ & ange Orm. 11904; 

imx)»e & al wit» ange 16289 ; & dide him 

mikel ange 19804. 
angel, sb., 0,E, angel, =(9.^7.(7. angul, 0,N. 

ongull ; angle, fish-hook, ' (h)amus,^ FRAG. 2 ; 

Mat. xviL 27 ; angil PR. P. 12. 
angil-hao* sh,, fish-hook, WiCL. Is. xix. 8. 
ongel-twflBoobe» sb., O, E, angeltwicce ; 

angle-twitch {worm used as a bait) ; * lu(m)- 

briats' FRAG. 3. 

angel, j^ engeL 

an'-^n, prep. & adv., O.E, an-, onge^, -gen, 

-gean, =» OJL,G, angegin, O.H.G. mgagan, 
OJ^, Igegn ; again, against, LEB. Jes. 316 ; 
HOM. 1. 219 ; heo umen on^ein him hom. 1. 3 ; 
dont a^n dunt 15; a^ein ^even give back, 
return 31 ; hwan ic ajen cherre (return) 79 ; 
(^n 7; on^ean frag. 6; ongen, -geanes 
Mat. xii. 30, 32 ; on^ein, -^ean, a^ein, -^aein, 
->cn, -jaen, -3eines, -jenes L^ 1590, 1667, 1900, 
5917, 6178, 8837, 16223, 23157; for )>i was 
mikel wraeche set on^aen j«tt woh Orm. 18; 
oi^xnes Idnde 249 ; a^ein, a^ean, a^eines A. R. 
J4f 50, 216; and eiper ajen [ayein] oJ)er 
swal o. & N. 7; ajemes nht 1371 ; s^eines 
tore hete nere hit al noht R. S. v (MISC. 182) ; 
pat a^en as is so hende Rob. 109 ; a^ein even 
IS9; he was a^en idrive Bek. 678; s^ein 
kuinde Jos. loo ; cominge him a^eines 562 ; 
ajcin [ageines] his wille Langl. A vii. 70 ; 
i shal bringe )>e a^ein [*reducam te*] into 
Hs lond WiCL. gen. xxviii. 15 : ajens his 
bro^ [* adversus fratrem suum 'J iv. 8 ; ajen, 
a)enst Mand. 12, 220 ; a^en, agem Hav. 489, 



493 ; agein TOR. 2709 ; aje cunde Brd. 9 ; 

ayen Misc 27 ; zelle|> ham ayen ayenb. 36 ; 
aye, ayens ))ane holi gost 28, 29; ojain 

Trist. 712; a-, egain c. M. 1537, 1538; 
agen (r. w, ben) GEN. & ex. 405 ; ageon 3912 ; 
agon (r, w, fon) 438 ; on-, ajenes procl. 5, 6 ; 
ajenest Laj. 22476*. 

l^ein-bie, v., redeem, WiCL. Lk. xxiv. 21 ; 
ajenboghte (pret^) Mand. 2; ajeenbo^t 

(pple,) WiCL. ISA. Ixii. 12. 

ajein-biere, sb., redeemer, WiCL. Job xix. 

35. 

ajein-bite, sb., remorse, ayenb. i. 

ageln-ohar, sb., for ^einohar; return, 

Angl. II. 233. 

a^ein-oume, sb., coming again, s. A. L. 155. 

ay§n-yef}?e, sb. (/;r 3en3efJ>e) ; a gift made 

in return, ayenb. 120. 

ajdn-riaing, sb., resurrection, WiCL. John 

xi. 25. 

ajein-sawe, sh.,for ^insawe ; c. M. 8382. 

a^dn-tum, sb.,y2?r5entupn; Will. 4182. 

ajein-ward, adv., 0,E, ongeanward ; back- 
wards; onjeinwaerd, a^eward LA3. 1673; 

s^einward Jul. 72; ajeanward A. R. 274; 

agenward gen. & ex. 1782 ; a^ein-, a^enward 

WiCL. Mk. iv. 35 ; ayeward ayenb. 48. 
ayen-wi^te, sb. (for 35nwi3te),<e(7^r. ge- 

gengewicht ; counterpoise, ayenb. 247. 
anger, sb., 0,N, angr».y anger, grief, Will. 

552; Gow. I. 282; Iw. 1529; E. T. 914; 

anger and tene gen. & ex. 2992 ; anger and 

wa PR. c. 3517 ; in anger and in care £gl. 

150; in anger, pine, and mekile wo mir. pl. 

161 ; angrea ful a. r. 370 ; angre (dat,) Ch. 

Boet. il 4 ; angrea (//.) Langl. ^ xii. 11. 
[anger-lioh,adj., 0,N, angrligr] angerliohe 

(adv.) pcUnfully, angrily, Trev. III. 81; 

Gow. I. 292 ; angerli Man. (F.) 3759. 
an*-g^, sb., 0,E. an-, ongin,=(9.Z.6^.,<9./f.(7. 

anagin ; commencement, HOM. I. 217 ; angun 

II. 107 ; anginne (pl) Mat. xxiv. 8. 
an^-g^inneiiy v., O E. an-, onginnan,=il/.Z?i/. 

ontginnen, O.H.G. inginnan ; commence ; on- 

gan (pret.) Orm. 2801 ; ongon Jul. 13 ; 

ongunnen HOM. I. 89. 
an'-^it, sb., 0.E, and-, ondgit; intellect; 

an^te (dat,) hom. I. 99. 
an'-^ten, v., 0,E, ongitan; perceive, La^. 

26623 ; i^itte (pres,) misc. 193 ; on^eat 

(pret.) HOM. I. 223 ; anjaet LA5. 15726. 
angle, sb., O.Fr. angle, Lat. angulus ; angle, 

comer, Ch. C. T. B 304. 
Angle, pr. n., Anglia, Man. (F.) 4097. 
angren, v., 0,N, angra ; anger, vex, distress, 

Orm. 428 ; angre Trev. V. 355 ; ]>ataQgreth 

me sore Langl. Bv. 117; angred (pple.) 

MED. 744 ; PR. c. 302 ; Jje king was angred 

Fer. 262. 
angri, adj., troublesome; troubled, angry, 



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26 



align* 



an-lIolL 



'molestus^ REL. I. 8; Gow. I. 283 ; Ch. C. 

T.^3157. 
angrom, sb. (cf, agr&mien), affliction^ *an- 

gustia, PS. cxviii. 143. 
ang-sum, adj., O.E, angsum (from *ang, 

adj\=0,H.G, ang, 0,N. ongr, Goth, aggws, 

narrow) ; strait, narrow, * angustus^ Mat. 

vii. 14. 
anxuinne88e,sb., (?.£'. angsumness ; anxiety, 

Orm. 10457. 
anguisse, sb., 0,Fr. anguisse ; anguish, ROB. 

177 ; Ch. Boet. iii. 7 (79) ; Man. (F.) 4835 ; 

anguise A. R. 234 ; angusse treat. 140. 

angaissen, v., O.Fr, anguisser; anguish \ 
anguifise}> (pres:) Ch. Boet. iii. 8 (80) ; an- 
giiisi (f printed SLngrisi) (subj.) ayenb. 146. 

angnussous, adj., 0,Fr. angoissous ; full of 

anguish, RoB. 157 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (41) ; )>e 

anguisuse dea^ A. R. 112. 
an-had, sb., unity, Kath. 932 ; onhod c l. 

10; anhede PR. C. 16; onhede ayenb. 79; 

TRANS. XIX. 333 ; WiCL. i TiM.iii.2 ; apol. 35. 
an-hangen, v., 0.E, onhangian ; hang ufi ; 

anhongen LA5. 13166; anhonge Bek. 724; 

anhongeb {presTj ayenb. 51 ; anhanged, 

anhonged (pple.) Ch. C. t. ^^3945; an- 

honged A. R. 126; ayenb. 241; an-, on- 

honged Will. 1564, 4773. 
an'-healden, v.,= (9./>'/>. onthalda, M,H,G, 

enthalten ; retain ; anhialde (pple,) ayenb. 

152. 
an^-h6bben,v., 0,E, anhebban,= 0.//^(7.ant-, 

intheffan ; heave up, lift, exalt, Laj. 12627 ; 

onhefS (pres,) hom. I. 113 ; anhof (sec, text 

ahof ) (pret,) LA3. 21625 ; anhefden, onheve- 

den hom. II. 177 ; onheven (ms, onhevene) 

(pple.) hom. I. 117. 
an-hd^en, v., f exalt; anhe^i (tfor aheji), 

AYENB. 23. 
ftn-hende, adj., one-handed; onhende ^man- 

cus^ FRAG. 3. 
an-heten, v., 0,E, onhsetan ; heeU; aahSt 

(pres.) Misa 30 ; ayenb. 108. 
an-hitten, v., hit : wi]> swerde ihc |>e anhitte 

(Fan hitte) HORN (L.) 712; anhitte (pret,) 

Rob. 185. 
an-hoD, v„ O.E. onhon ; hang up, La^. 729 ; 

(hi) 8111159 (pres,) o. & N. 1646; anhSng 

(pret.) La^. 29358 ; anhongen (pple.) La;. 

1023; anhonge o. & N. 1195 ; P. L. s. x. 7 ; 

Shor. 86; P. s. 213; anhdn (pple.) LA3. 

30839; A. D. 261. 
an-hungren, v., be hungry; anhungred 

(pple,) Alis. 1230 ; OcTOV. (W.) 467 ; p. 23 ; 

Trev. III. 471 ; Langl. Bx. 59*,Cxii. 43* ; 

anhungrid PR. P. 172. 
an-hiimed, adj., O.E. anhymed; one-homed^ 

* unicornis ; ' ^ anhurnde Marh. 7. 
[ftn-hwerfed, adj., constant.] 



anhwerfed-liky sb., constancy; anwher- 

fedle^c Orm. 11124. 
ftniy see fini. 
aniente, anientice, v., O.Fr. anientir, anien- 

tiss-; annihilate, Langl. ^xvii. 285; aniin- 

tischin PR. P. 12 ; anientised (pple,) £. G. 6 ; 

cf, enentisoht. 
a-nimen» v., O.E. animan ; receive, take up; 

anyme'S (imper.) Mat. xxv. 28 ; anam (pret.) 

hom. I. 229. 
anin, v.,=O.H.G. einon; unite; onin PR. P. 

365 ; 6ne}> (pres.) ayenb. 88 ; dned (pple.) 

Trev, V. 341 ; Ch. C. t. D 1968. 
ftninge, sb., — 0,f{,G. einunga ; union; 

oninge PR. P. 365 ; ayenb. 65 ; Trev. V. 9. 
an-innen, prep., O.E, oninnan ; within : ic inc 

habbe . . . aninne mine benden Laj. 5617 ; he 

lette al )>at wel weorpen )>er aninnen 6428. 
aniouSy see anoious. 
aniSy sb., Fr. anis ; anise, spec. 26. 
a-niSerieny v., O.E. ani¥erian, = (7^. emie- 

dem ; abase ; ani^eri [aneo)>eri] La^ 1 4861 ; 

ane)>ered (pple.) Rob. 217. 
anjoini, see eojoinen. 
an-kenned, adj., O.E, ancenned; otUy-be- 

gotten, Orm. 17003. 
anker, sb., O.E. zxicox,^O.H,G. anchor m., 

from Lot. ancora/y anchor, Hav. 521 ; Will. 

568; Trist. 366; LiDG. m. p. 50; ankir 

OCTAV. (H.)433 ; ankeres (//.) Laj. 25539 ; 

ancres Aus. 1416 ; deriv. anoren. 
anker-mon, sb., anchor-man, ^ proreta^ 

FRAG. 2. 
ankelr% sb., O.E. ancor ; anchorite, ^^tl. i 155 ; 

R, R. 6348 ; anores ( pl^ Langl. prol. A 28 ; 

cf. anore. 
anlace, sb., a sort of dagger, d. Arth. 1148 ; 

anlas Ch. C. t. A 357 ; aunlaz Hav. 2554. 
ftn-ldpi), sb., O.E. anlepig, aenlypig ; single, 

sole, Orm. 1 1 ; anlepi Kath. 74 ; aniaepi Laj. 

13359 ; onlepi Hav. 1094 ; ayenb. 13 ; apol. 

38 ; onlepi, elpi [anlepi] A. R. 116, 366 ; enlepi, 

enlipi, alpi hom. I. 23, 75 ; olupi E. G. 350; 

alpi REL. II. 275 ; aenne &pine (cuc^ bro%er 

Laj. 31451. 

dnldpi-hdde, sb., singleness, ayenb. 21. 
dnldpi-liohe, adv., singly, alone, misc. 28 ; 

AYENB. 55. 
ftn-lioh, adj., O.E. an-, anllc,= J/./?«. eenllc ; 

only : min aniiche sune Lk. ix. 38 ; in on- 

licbe stude A.R. 152; dnliohe, (adv!) AYENB. 

265; Will. 3155; Mirc 656; pl. cr. 534; 

anli Iw. 3744 ; dnlukest (superlat.) A. R. 90. 
an-lioh^adj., O.E.sji-, onlIc,=i^.//;(7.anelrch, 

Goth, analeiks ; alike, like, Mat. xviii. 23 ; \eX 

is him anlich ayenb. 186 ; ^t stat make)» ]>ane 

|)et hit wel loke|> aniike to ^ angles of hevene 

227 ; alike PR. P. 10; aliohe (adv.), cUike Gow. 

I. 268 ; A. P. ii. 1477 ; alle are \€\ aliche longe 

Langl. B xvi. 57 ; olike PR. a 7560 ; al it was 



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an-Uoh. 



apainen. 



27 



him olike lo^ GEN. & ex. 2024 ; Saxons . . . 

hight(e) alle oliche Man. (F.) 41. 
anlicnesse, sb., O.E. anlicness; likeness^ 

image, ayenb. 88; an-, onlicnesse, onlichnesse 

HOM. I. 59, 95, 223 ; onlicnesse A. R. 18 ; Orm. 

5056; onlicnesse [anlichnisse] La^. 1141, 

21 1 54 ; anlicnisse Mat. xxii. 20. 
an-licnen, v., * M.H.G. anellchen ; resemble, 

aniikni AYENB. loi ; anlikne}> (pres,) 16 ; 

anlicned {ppie.) compared, 61. 
an'-nhten, v., O.E. onlyhtan, - a,H.G. int- 

liahten; enlighten', 0X11111169 (fres,) HOM. 

I. 97; onlight {imper,) PS. cxviii. 135; he 

onlihte Davi¥es heorte HOM. I. 97. 
an-mody adj., O.E. anm6d,=0./f.(7. cin- 

muot; unanimous, HOM. I. loi ; onmod II. 

183. 
annesse, sb., 0,E, ^ness,^ O.If.G. einussa, 

einnissa ; um'ly, HOM. 1. 93 ; onnesse A. R. 12. 
axmiyersariey sb., Fr. anniversaire ; anniver- 
sary ; anniversariea (pL) a. r. 22. 
[anoileiiy v., 0,Fr. enuiler ; anoittt with oil]. 
anoiling sb., anointing, H. S. 844 ; anoilinge 

AYENB. 14. 

anoint^ anointing see enoint, enointin. 

anoions, adj., 0,Fr, anoious, anuieus (=en- 
nuieus) ; noxious, Ch. Boet. i. 2 (7) ; anions 
Gaw. 534 ; noious WiCL. i Tim. vi. 9. 

anonr, -onren, see honour, -ouren. 

anonrne, v., for aoumen; see adomen; 
adorn, WiCL. gen. xxiv. 47. 

anotimementy sb., ornament, a. p. ii. 1290. 

in-red, adj., O.E, anraed, O.H.G einrat; 
constant, persevering, HOM. I. 115. 
ftnr&d-liohe, 2L^y,, persistently, HOM. II. 61. 
inrddnease, sb., 0,E, anraedness; con- 
stancy, HOM. 1. 107; an-, onrednesse A. R. 12. 

an-sechen, v., O.E, onsecan ; attack ; on- 
aeken (pres.) gen. & ex. 851; onaohte 
(pret.) LA3. 5657. 

ansel, anaer, sb., a sort of balance ; aunsel, 
auncel, aunser, auncer Langl. A v. 132, 
^v. 218, Cvii. 224. 

an-aene, sb., 0,E, an-, onslon, -slen, -syn, 
=0.Z,.(5.asiun; countenance ; onsene ^facies^ 
niAG. 2 ; HOM. 1. 191 ; o. & N. 1706 ; ansine 
LEECHD. III. 132; ansiene ^ aspectus* Mat. 
xxxviii. 3. 

an-sine, sb., 0,E, an-, onsyn ; ? swoon ; as 

povre wif );at falle)> in ansine an. lit. 10. 
an^-standen, v., 0,E. andstandan; resist', 

ajcn fc Dcneis to anstond(e) Rob. 267. 
ia-atandende, pple., standing alone, hom. 

1. 221. 

ant, j^ and. 
•nte, sb., 0>Fr, antQ, from Lat. amita ; aunt; 

aonte Rob. 37 ; Langl. Bv. 153. 
ftnte^y sb., OJS. aintefn, from medXat. anti- 

phona; anthem, A.R. 34 ; antein p. L. s. ix. 185. 



antiorist, sb., antichrist, PR. C 4065. 
antiphoner, sb., 0,Fr, antiphonier; anti- 

phoner, voc. 230; Ch, C. t. B 1709. 
antre, see aventiira. 
an-iifen, adv., O.E. onu£&n ; above ; anufenc 

La^. 16432 ; onufen Lk. xi. 44 ; onuven A. R. 

236 ; Jul. 53 ; anoven Horn (L.) 624 ; p. s. 

188. 
anuven-an, prep. & adv., on from above, 

(ffor uvenan), Laj. 15493; anovenon Fl. & 

Bl. (H.) 643. 
anufian-ward, adv. & prep., towards the top 

(of), p. L. S. xiii. 341 ; Fer. 622 ; J)a com se 

fir onufenweard J)one stepel Sax. chr. 249. 
anuiy sb., O.Fr, anui, anoi {see ennui) ; an- 
noyance, trouble, A. R. 94 ; anoi ayenb. 267 ; 

nui C. L. 442. 
anuien, v., O.Fr, anoier,=ennoier, ennuier; 

annoy; anuie Hav. i73J ; anoie Shor. 36 ; 

anoie, noie WiCL. ex. xxii. 22 ; anuied {pple.) 

La^. 2259* ; Bek. iooi. 
anunoiaciouiiy sb., annunciation,TREV Mill. 

351. 
an-under, prep., under, hom. 1. 193 ; misc. 

44 ; REL. 1. 48 ; A. p. i. 1080 ; )>at alle anunder 

him were Brd. i ; anunder bis spec. 35 ; 

anonder Horn (L.) 567; anondir OCTOV. 

(W.) 550. 
an-uppen, prep., 0,E, onuppan ; upon, hom. 

II. 107; pe he onuppen fal"S Mat. xxi. 44; 

anuppon, onuppen, anuppe hom. 1. 3, 43, 133 ; 

anuppe )>isse dune Misc 85 ; anoppe LA3. 

1916*. 
anuriy see honouren. 
anyenime, see envenime. 
an-waldy sb., 0,E, an-, onweald, = O.I/.G. 

ana wait ; power, dominion ; anwalde, onwalde 

(dat^ LA3. 8456, 13950 ; whaet heo haefden on 

anwolde 13182 ; under mire onwalde HOM. I. 

13 ; of deofles onwalde 15. 
an-wealdy adj., 0,E, onweald; powerful-, 

anwealda gastes hom. 1. 219. 
an-wende, v., 0,E, onwendan; avert, Laj. 

3143B. 

an-, 6n-wil, adj., obstincUe, a. r. 56, 400. 
&n-wille, adj., 0.E, anwille,= C?.^.6^. einwilli ; 

onwille * obstincUus ' frag. 5. 
an-wiSre» prep., against : \e, wind him com 

onwi¥ere [onwijiere] Laj. 2884 ; have^ jjeos 

wind & );eos weder awi^er [awi))er] him istonde 

12060. 
anxoniy see ttngsuin. 
aouren, v., O.Fr, aourer; adore \ aourede 

{pret,) P. L. S. xix. 32. 
acumen, see adomen. 
apaie, v., O.Fr. apaier; satisfy, appease, 

HiCKES I. 228; apaied {pple') Rob. 117; 

Will. 1883 ; Langl. A vi. no. 
apainen, v., 0,Fr, apainer ; pain : him 

apaine]> {pres.) mani a screwe Shor. 146. 



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a8 



apaisen. 



ar. 



apaifieiiy v., 0,Fr, apaisier ; appease ; apai- 

sede {pret,) Ch. Boet. iv. 7 (148). 
Ape, sb., 0.E, apa, = aiV. api, O.H.G. affo; 

ape^ voc. 188 ; a. r. 248 ; O. & N. 1325. 
dpe-warde, sb., ape keeper^ Langl. B v. 640. 
dpe-ware, sb., counterfeit wares ^ A. R. 248. 
apeche, v., O.Fr, empecher, Lat, imped icare ; 

hinder; impeach^ SACR. 302 ; apeehed (ppie,) 

Shor. 38. 
apeohonr, sb., impeacher, PR. P. 12. 
apeiren, see empeiren. 
apel, sb., O.Fr, apel ; appeal^ pealy * appellation 

classicuntj PR. P. ,12, 13; Rob. 473; rel. 

II. 227 ; Langl. Cxx. 284. 
ap^lin, v., 0,Fr» apeler; appeal \ appelin 

^ appello' PR. P. 13; appele P. R. L. P. 157; 

ap^liden (pret.) WiCL. i Macc x. 64. 
aperoeive, v., O.Fr, apercevoir ; perceive^ Ch. 

ASTR. ii. 35 'y aparceive}> {pres,) ayenb. 57. 
ap^ren, v., 0,Fr, aparoir ; appear ; apeeren 

Langl. A iii. 109 ; apere rel. II. 228 ; appere 

Ch. C. t. a 2346 ; pr. c. 5243 ; ap^irede, 

apierede (pret,) Misc. 26, 27. 
apert, adj., 0,Fr, apert ; apert^ open^ manifest^ 

Rob. 501 ; AYENB. 203 ; Alis. 2450 ; M. t. 70 ; 

PR. c. 4490. 
apert-liche, adv., apertly^ Rob. 375 ; Jos. 

276 ; apertli Will. 4706. 
apointeiiy v., 0,Fr, apointer ; appoint ; apoint 

Gow. II. 151; apointed {pple,) Gow. II. 

265. 

apoisoneiiy see enpoisonen. 
apostate, sb., 0,Fr, apostate ; apostate^ ayenb. 

19. 
apostel, sb., 0,E, apostol, 0,Fr. apostle, Lot, 

apostolus; apostle^ hom. I. 41 ; ayenb. 41 ; 

apostles (//.) hom. I. 75 ; apostle (gen, pi,) 

Mat. X. 2; apostlene Shor. 51. 
apostem, sb., 0,Fr, aposteme, apostume, Gr, 

dxroony/Mi; imposthume, CATH. II ; apostim, 

apostume PR. P. 13 ; apostims (pL) PR. c. 

2995. 
apostolie, sb., 0,Fr, apostolie, apostoile ; 

pope ; |)an holi appostolie (sec. text pope) 

LA3. 29614; apostoill Man. (H.) 130, 
apoteoarie, sb., 0,Fr, apot'ecaire ; apothecary ; 

apoteoaries (pL) Ch. C. t. A 425 ; Mand. 

51. 
appallen, v., ? 0,Fr, apallir, mod,Eng, appal; 

grow or make pale or feeble \ appalle)> 

(pres,) Shor. 91 ; apaUed (pple,) Ch. C. t. 

A 3053- 
appareil, sb., 0,Fr, appareil; preparation, 

apparatus J apparel, WiCL. i Macc. ix. 35 ; 

apparail Man. (F.) 657. 
appareilen, v., 0,Fr, apareiller ; prepare, fit 

out, apparel \ apparaile, apparaille Langl. 

A\\. 148; aparaildo (pret,) Will. 1146; 

aparailed (pple,) misc. 26. 



apparence, sb., 0,Fr, apparence ; appearance, 

Ch. C. t. /^2i8. 
appel, sb., 0,E, aeppel, aepl, m, n,, « OSris. 

appel, 0,H,G, aphol m,, OJ^, epli «., Ir, 

abhal, ubhal, Gael, ubhal, Welsh afal; 

apple, Orm. 81 18 ; o. & N. 135 ; treat. 132; 

J)en appel R. s. vii ; H. H. 10 ; appel of the 

eie voa 145 ; eppel hom. I. 25 ; ayenb. 84 ; 

))es eppel A. R. 52 ; epple (dot,) HOM. I. 123 ; 

of j)en epple A. R. 66 ; apples (pi,) gen. & 

EX. 1 129 ; SPEC 35 ; aepple leechd. III. 1 18 ; 

applen Rob. 283 ; applen (dat, pi,) P. L. s. 

xxiii. 78. 
appul-^erd, sb., apple-yard, PR. P. 13. 
appul-hordy sb., stock of apples, PR. P. 13. 
appul-mds, sb., « M, H, G, apfelmuos ; 

stewed apples, ^ pomacium^ PR. P. 13. 
apptd-seller, sb., pr. p. 13. 
appel-tre, sb., apple-tree, H. H. 93 (95). 
opel-tun, sb., ^pomarium^ frag. 4. 
appenden, v., 0,Fr, apendre ; appertain, be- 

long\ appende]' (pres,) Langl. Au 43; 

appendith Ch. C. t. /1024; apendez Gaw. 

623. 

appertenaunce, sb., 0,Fr, apeitenance ; ap- 
purtenance, Alis. 1829. 
appertenent, adj., appertinent, Ch. C t. 

E loio. 
appertieneiiy v., O.Fr, apertenir ; appertain, 

Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (t^), 
appetit, sb., 0,Fr. appetit, apetit; appetite, 

Ch. C. t. D 1218. 
applien, v., 0,Fr, aplier ; apply, Ch. Boet. 

V. 4 (161) ; applie LUD. Cov. 34. 
aprentiB, sb., 0,Fr, aprentis; apprentice, 

Langl. C iv. 281 ; prentis A iii. 218 ; aprentis 

(pi) WiCL. E. w. I. 382. 
aprdohen, v., 0,Fr, aprocher; approach, 

Ch. Boet. i. i (6) ; aprochi p. l. s. xxi. 118. 
aproprien, v., 0,Fr, aproprier ; appropriate ; 

apropred (pple,) ayenb. 40; appropried 

PR. c. 9346. 
apr6ye, v., 0,Fr, aprover; approve, Am. & 

Amil. 803; aprdved, appreoved (pple.) 

Trev. III. 265 ; appreved Ch. l. g. w. 21. 
apte, adj., Fr, apte ; apt^ Pall. iii. 858 ; apt 

s. A. L. 68. 

aqveintanoe, see aoointance. 
aqy^re, v., 0,Fr. aqverre ; acquire ; acqwere 

s. S. (Wr.) 108 1. 
aqyitance, aoqyitanoe, sb., 0,Fr, acqvit- 

ance; cuquittance, Langl. ^xiv. 189; Ch. 

C. T. .^44411. 
aqyite, v., 0,Fr, aqviter ; acquit, R. R. 6742 ; 

aqvitti AYENB. 137 ; acwiten A. R. 124. 
ar, sb., OJ^, or n,; scar, * cicatrix,* Halliw. 

77 ; arre WiCL. lev. xxii. 22 ; an erre (ms. a 

nerre) VOC. 209 ; erres (pi.) PR. C 5327. 
hXf see fir and dr. 



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Arabisz. 



a-redden. 



29 



ArabisSy sb., 0,Fr, Arabis, Arabit, Arabi ; 
Arab^VLOyi. I. 5. 

ftrioe, v., 0,Fr, esracier, Lxit exradicare ; pull 
up by the roots^ tear away^ Ch. C. T. jE" i 103 ; 
aiiohed {pple,) Shor. 156. 

a-nechen, v., O^, araecan, =» 0,H,G, crrei- 
chcn ; reach ; arechin * attingo ' PR. P. 14 ; 
arechen, areachen A. R. 128, 166; areachen 
to )« heovene Marh. 12 ; areche Horn (L.) 
1220 ; p. L. S. XX. 94 ; Shor. 154 ; Gow. I. 
150 ; WiCL. John xiii. 26 ; al |)at his ax areche 
might Rich. 7039; arnhte [arahte] (prei,) 
LA3. 10539 ; to Daris . . . twenti pund he 
arajte Fl. & Bl. 812; stume strokes that 
arajte Halliw. 77 ; arftjt (pple,) Fl. & Bl. 
687; o best him was araujt {ffor atrau^t) 
S. s. (Web.) 895. 

a-rsDden, v., O^. arsedan,^ (9.-^.(7. irraten ; 
conjecture, interpret^ explain^ aredan HOM. 
1. 121 ; of whiche no man ne cou)>e areden 
\t nombre Alis. 5115 ; arede misc. 45; 
Gow. I. 24 ; hi )>at ar§de]> (pres,) ))ise re- 
deles Shor. 24; arede {imper.) WiCL. 
Mat. xxvi. 68 ; arkd {pret.\ be sweven . . . 
^t Daniel an one arad Gow. I. 25. 

a-r8lreii[arere], v.,0.^.araeran ; rear up, raise 
up, LA3. 2023 ; areran ane buruh hom. I. 93 ; 
fit heo muhten )»e deade arearen vrom dea¥e 
to live a. r. 300 ; arere Bek. 901 ; Trist. 
2834 ; OCTOV. (W.) 21 ; LUD. Gov. 132 ; arere 
fet hcved ayenb. 31 ; arSre}> {pres,) frag. 7 ; 
ardr (imper.) HOM. I. 211; ardrde {pret) 
La}. 14229; arearde Kath. 1043; )>eo fat 
. . . uvele lawe arerde misc. 64 ; ar§red 
{pple^ Rob. 7; he hedde arered and inuid 
manie werren ayenb. 239; Jjc rode is up 
arered SPEC 85. 

arainen, v., 0,Fr^ arainier, araigner; ar- 
raign ; areine P. L. s. xxv. 85 ; arena L. H. R. 
147; areined {pret,) Trev. IV. 303. 

araniOy eianie, sb., O.Fr, araigne ; spider, 
'aranea^ PR. P. 14, 140. 

^r&ten, v., reprove, Langl. B xi. 98 ; re- 
buked and arated xiv. 163. 

arber, sb.,«herber; arbour \ in fe garden 
. . . was an arber fair and grene and in )>e 
arber was a tre SQ. L. deg. 28. 

arbitres, sb., arbitress, ayenb. 154. 

arbitrour, sb., arbitrator ; arbitrouris (//.) 
WiCL. 3 ESDR. viii. 26. 

arblaste, sb., O.Fr, arbaleste, Lat, arcubalista ; 
arbalast, RoB. 377 ; arblaste, arblast ayenb. 
47,71 ; arblast RICH. 1867. 

arblaster, sb., 0,Fr, arbalestier; arbalaster\ 
arblaaters {pl^ R. R. 4196. 

arc, sb., 0,Fr. arc, arche ; arc, arch ; ark Ch. 
C. T. £'1795; arche Trev. I. 215; arches 
(^.)LEa 157. 

urchangel, sb., Lot, archangelus ; archangel, 
HOM. 1. 41. 

arche, see arka 



arohebisohop, sb., 0£. arcebiscop, Lat ar- 

chiepiscopus ; archbishop, Bek. 493 ; aerche- 

biscop LA3. 12636 ; erchebischop Man. (F.) 

6873. 
arohebisohop -riche, sb., archbishopric, 

P. L. S. xiii. 71. 
«Brohebisoop-8tdl, sb., see of an archbishop, 

Laj. 12657. 
arohedekne, erohedekne, sb., 0,E, arce- 

diacon, Lat. archidiaconus ; archdeacon, Ch. 

C. T. D 1302 ; arcedekne Bek. 170. 
archer, sb., O.Fr, archier; archer, leg. 220; 

ayenb. 45 ; archer, archier Ch. C. t. B 1929 j 

archers {pL) Rob. 199. 
archerie, sb., archery, lud. Gov. 44 ; pr. p. 

14. 
architriclin, sb., 0,Fr, architriclin, LaL ar- 

chitricllnus ; ruler 0/ the feast {often mistaken 
for a proper name), misc. 29 ; WiCL. John 

ii.8. 
ardaunt, adj., Fr, ardent ; ardent, Gh. Boet. 

iii. 12 (106). 
are, sb., O.E, lxf,^0,N, ar ; oar, Flor. 1878; 

Trist. 366; ore pr. p. 368; Hay. 187 i ; 

Will. 2754 ; s. s. (Wr.) 3153. 
&re-hole, sb., oar-hole, voc. 239. 
Sre, sb., = O.E, ar, OJ^, aera, OX,G., O.H.G. 

era, 0,Fris, ere; honour, grace, mercy, m.t. 38 ; 

are & milce Orm. 1476 ; J)in are {ms, \\ nare) 

Trist. 2135 ; in menske and are c m. 4245 ; 

swa bide ich godes are [ore] Laj. 2972 ; he 

dude mare to Peteres are 31956 (miswritten 

sere 5336) ; crie him 5eome )>er of merci & ore 

[are] A. R. 136 ; ore frag. 8 ; o. & N. 886 ; 

Hay. 211; Rob. 340; Tor. 916; m. Arth. 

1344 ; bi godes ore Fl. & Bl. 173 ; he 5af alle 

be knijtes ore Horn (L.) 1509; for to habbe 

j)in(e) ore BEK.333 ; in goddes ore Mirc 585 ; 

ore, oofe Ch. G. t. A 3726 ; acre hom. 1. 187. 
dr-fest, adj., O.E. arfaest; dutiful, ^piusj 

frag. 3. 
ftre*ftil, adj., 0,E, arfull; merciful, Orm. 

1460. 
&re-les, adj., 0,E, arleas ; merciless, HOM. I. 

173; arelies, oreles P. L. S. viii. 100; arelaes 

Orm. 9881 ; orleas frag. 6; oreleas hom. II. 

226. 
ftr-wurtJe, adj., 0,E, arwyrf e ; honourable ; 

arwurSore {comp,) Mat. xx. 28. 
ftr-wiirtJen, v., 0,E. arwurJfian, -wyr^ian, 

-weor¥ian ; honour. Sax. chr. 30, 
&r-w(u)r'8lioe, adv., honourably, HOM. 1. 229. 
a-recchen, v., O.E. areccan, = 0,H,G, irrec- 

chan ; explain, expound, enounce, LA5. 28097 ; 

areche us }>is bispel Mat. xv. 15 ; bis sweven 

(heo) arahten 25629 ; araht (pple.) Marh. 

I ; arou^t Halliw. 86. 
a-redden, v., 0,E, ahreddan,= O.H.G. ar- 

rettan ; deliver, save, Laj. 26909 ; A. R. 390 ; 

aredde Fl. & Bl. 689; M. T. 97; arudden 

HOM. I. 253; Kath. 1142; ariide {imper,) 



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30. 



a-r6de. 



armoo* 



Marh. 6; aredde (subj.) o. & N. 1569; 

aredde {pret.) HOM. I. 87 ; II. 33 ; Laj. 831; 

ared {ppie.) a. r. 392 ; misc. 86. 
a-r^de, v., / 0.E, aredian ; reach, hit : wham 

he mai with ^ hache arede Fer. 1706. 
a-rede, v., 0,E, arsedan; read, Laj. 22719; 

Alis.« (Sk.) 573. 
a-reimen, v., rescue, redeem : Jjct is ure raun- 

sun ]!et we schulen areimen us mide A. r. 

126. 
a-reisen, v., raise\ areise Will. 4342 ; 

areisid {J>ple,) WiCL. John iii. 14. 
areiiy v., 0,E, arian, = 0,H.G, eren, 0,N, aera ; 

show mercy, Orm. 1462. 
arende, see Srende. 
a-reosen, v., 0,E. ahreosan; rush upon; 

aruren (JfreL //.) Mat. vii. 27. 
a-reowen, v., .?y&r je-hreowen; commiserate, 

repent ; arewen P. S. 240 ; hit shal him 

never fenne arewe mas. 15; me areoweV 

\\ sar Jul. 35; areowe {subj^ a. R. 66; fe 

deore drihtin areaw us Kath. 1379; areu 

H. H. 29. 
a-repen, v., touch : J>et heo muwen arepen & 

arechen A. R. 128 ; areppen LA3. 26034. 
arerage, sb., 0,Fr, arrerage, arrierage ; 

arrearage, Langl. Cx. 274; arrerage, 

arerage Ch. C. t. A 602. 
arere, adv., O.Fr, arere ; backwards, Gow. 

I. 315 ; Langl. A v. 198 ; arrere Bv. 354. 
a-resien, v., 0,E, ahrysian ; shake, totter : ))e 

tre aresede as hit wold £alle s. s. (Web.) 915. 
aresonen, v., 0,Fr, araisoner ; call to account ; 

aresone)' {pres.) R. R.6220; arestinede(/r^/.) 

Misa 35 ; aresoned (pple.) PR. c. 2460. 
^esty see firest. 
arest, sb., O.Fr. arest; arrest, Ch. C. t. 

E 1282. 
areste, v., O.Fr, arester; arrest, Trev. VIII. 

283 ; Ch. C. t. a 827; D. Arth. 633. 
aretten, v., esteem, account, Ck. Boet. ii. 4 

(40) ; arette WiCL. lev. xi. 4. 
are-thedOy sh,,for Sr-l'Sode ; people of long 

ago, I SUM. vi ; arthede Degr. 7. 
arewe, see arwe. arf^ see erfb. 
arfe}>y see earfe]>. 
an, adj., 0£, earg, earh,= O.Fris, arg, erg, 

0.N, argr, 0,H.G, arg ; cowardly, idle, bad, 

ar^e Gaw. 241 ; arh HOM. I. 277 ; eaer^h LA5. 

4336 ; aeruu 3455 ; are^, areh o. & N. 407 ; 

areu 1498 ; am [arwe] as an hare Rob. 457 ; 

arwe, arwhe * timidus, pavidus * PR, P. 14 ; 

arwe Alis. 3340 ; cruh [arch] A. R. 274 ; )>e 

arege, arewe, erewe REL. I. 176 (misc. 116, 

117); arje, aerwe (pi,) P. L. S. viii. 10; er^e 

HOM. I. 161 ; erewe misc. 58 ; arwe Rich. 

3821 ; arwe men and kene Hav. 2115 ; ar)(e) 

(adv) Shor. 22 ; srhest (super I.) Laj. 21733. 
arh-hede, sb., cowardice, MISC. 74. 
erh-Boipe, sb., cowardice, LA3. 12411. 



ar^nesse, sb., cowardice, sloth, AYENB. 31 ; 

arghnesse HoccL. i. 435. 
ar;ien, v., cf, M,Du., M,H,G. argen ; make or 

grow cowardly or bad', bet eower heorte 

er^ian (pres,) swi¥e HOM. I. 13; me ar3esd: 

mi selfe Alex. 537 ; ar3e (pres. subj,) Gaw. 

2301 ; ar^ed (pret,) A. p. ii. 572 ; ))at arghede 

alle fat \tx ware Perc. 69 ; |jou • . . hast 

arwed meni hardi men Langl. C iv. 237. 
argoile, sb., dregs of wine, Ch. C. t. G 813. 
arjSe, sb., 0,E, yrg^, « O.H,G. argida; 

cowardice, sloth ; aerh¥e [arh))e] Laj. 23546 ; 

are5j)e, areh))e O. & N. 404. 
arguen, argue, v., Fr. arguer ; argue, Langl. 

A xi. 130 ; argu convict apol. 31. 
arguere, sb., arguer-, argueres (pL) Langl. 

^x. 116. 
arg^umenty sb., Fr, argument; argument, 

Shor. 142. 
argumenten, v., Fr, argumenter; argue, 

reason, Gow. I. 16. 
arhy see ar^, 
a-riiiteii, v., = 0,H,G, arrichtan ; raise up : 

such gestening he aright (/rM) TOR. 1365; 

ariht (pple) P. S. 325. 
a-nmen, \,,JD,E, arlman; number-, |>a lette 

ti kaisere anmen (sec, text telle) al )»a^ne here 
A3. 25392 ; arimed (pple.) 28937. 
a'-rinen, v., O.E. onhrlnan, ahrinan, = OJL.G, 

anthrlnan; touch : he seal . . . metes ne arinan 

HOM. I. 1 15 ; ariiietS (pres,) a. r. 408 ; arfin 

Marh. 20. 
a-risen, v., O.E. arlsan, — O.L.G. arisan, 

O.H.G. arrisan, Goth, urreisan ; arise, HOM. 

I. 141 ; La^. 1248; A. R. 324; up arise Bek. 

1395 I til jje Sonne gan arise Ch. C. t. 

^791 ; arist (pres.) o. & N. 1397 ; Aus. 5458 ; 

aris (imper.) hom. I. 45 ; arise)> Misc. 42 ; 

ar&B (pret.) HOM. I. 91 ; Kath. 337 ; aras, 

aros LA3.404, 11476; arosBEK.451; AYENB. 

173; he aros of dea^ hom. II. 23 ; (|)u) arise 

TUL. 63 ; (heo) arisen (pret. pi) Laj. 1983 ; 

hi arise Brd. 10; arise (pret, subj.) Laj. 

25988 ; arisen (pple.) C L. 1430 ; K. T. 442 ; 

arise Will. 1297. 
arizinge, sb., arising, ayenb. 13. 
arisnesse, sb., state of being risen, REL, L 

282. 
a-rist, sb., 0.E, seii3t,cf,Goth, urrists^Cy rising, 

arising; ariste Mat. xxii. 23; hom. I, 87; 

A. R. 258 ; Jul. 62 ; serist Orm. 16236; arist 

Gow. I. 320 ; firistes (gen,) hom. L 229 ; at 

the Sonne firiste Ch. astr. ii. 12 ; on fsja 

aeriste Mk. xii. 23. 
arke, sb., O.E, earc, - Goth, arka, CFris. erka, 

O.N. ork, O.H.G. surcha,, from Lat. area ; ark, 

* arca^ voc. 199 ; Orm. 1690 ; Man. (H.) 136 ; 

in arke or in kiste Hav. 2018; arche La^. 

8965 ; A. R. 334 ; GEN. & EX. 561. 
arm, see earm. 
armee, sb., O.Fr. armee ; army, Ch. C. t. A 60. 



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armeii. 



a-schamien. 



31 



ftrmeiiy v., OJFr, armer ; arnty Man. (F.) i 174 ; 

anni (x«^. xrmi) La^. 153 13; arme Rob. 63; 

anneo (pres.) A. R. 262 ; arme)> ayenb. hi; 

ormede {pret.) Laj. 8655* ; iarmed (pple,) 

Horn (L.) 121 5. 

annes, sb. pi., O.Fr, armeSf/rom Lat, arma ; 
arms^ A. R. 60 ; Hav. 2925 ; ROB. 63 ; AYENB. 

170. 

^TBD^^see earmt$e. 
annure, sb., Fr. srmnref/rom Lat, arniatura ; 

armour y AYENB. 170; Will. 3769; armure, 

armoure PR. P. 14 ; armure, armour Rob. 139, 

402; armour Man. (F.) 5 117. 
armurery sb., Fr, armurier; armorer \ ar- 

mnrers \pL) Ch. C. t. A 2507. 
armurie, sb,, arfnour, Man. (H.) 194; 

annories (pi.) armed forces Triam. 49. 
am, 5^^ earn, 
amement, sb., O.Fr, arrement; inky Alis. 

6418 ; s. S, (Web.) 2776. 
aromat, sb., Fr. aromate ; aroma, L. H. R. 

224; aromas (//.) A. R. 372. 
aromatik, adj., aromatic^ Mand. 174. 
arouteii,v.,/6?./r. arouter; f send away \ ))0u 

sheh her to aroute Haluw. 86; aroutid 

(pple.) DEP. R. iii. 221. 
anrai, sb., O.Fr. arrei, arroi; array \ arai 

CH.CT. Z>927 ; Mand. 252 ; Will. 1597. 
arraie, v., O.Fr. arreier, arreer; array , Ch. 

C, T. B 1202 ; araie Will. 356 i ; araie]> (pres.) 

Shor. 108 ; arraie (imper.) Mand. 214. 
arre, see under Srer. 
arren, see irren. 

armaile, sb., arrival, Gow. II. 4. 
arrive, v., O.Fr. arriver; arrive, Mand. 31 ; 

arive Brd. ii ; arived (pple.) LA3. 16063. 
arrive, sb. \f mistake for armee] : at manie a 

nobil arive \y. r, armee] hadde he be Ch. C. 

T.^6o. 
arrogance, sb., arrogance, ayenb. 21 ; Ch. 

C.T,Z>I1I2. 

arrogant, adj., OJ^r. arrogant; arrogant, 

CH.C.T. 7396. 
ar8,sb., O.E. e&rs,== O.Fris. ers, O.H.G.qxb, 

OJV. ars, rass ; arse, kinder parts, * anus' voc. 

179; PR. P. 14; TowNL. 9; ers, -ars Langl. 

^ V. 175; ers voa 208 ; P. s. 153 ; Trev. V. 

171; Ch. C. T. ^ 3734. 
ars-rop, sb., WiCL. i kings v. 9 ; ars-J'arm 

(ms. harsjjarme), VOC. 186 ; the lower bowel. 
ars-wiap, sb., ^manpirium,^ voc. 179 ; ^ani- 

tergiumi PR. P. 14. 
arsmetike, sb., OJFr. arismetique; arithmetic, 

GEN. & EX. 792 ; arsmetrike P. L. s. xvii. 224. 
arsoon, sb., Fr. axqon', saddle- bow, saddle, 

Alis. 4251 ; b. disc 1172; his arsouns weren 

off iren Rich. 5539, 
arst, j^ Sreet. 
arstable, sb., f astrolabe, Alis. 287. 



art, sb., Fr. art; art, RoB. 145 ; ayenb. 65; 

ars (pi.) Alis. 665. 
arten, v., Lat. artare ; confine, restrain, press, 

Ch. Tro. i. 388 ; artin ^arto^ PR. P. 14; arte 

HOCCL. iv. 8. 
article, sb., Fr, article; article, ayenb. 12; 

articles (pi.) A. R. 262. 
artificial, adj., O.Fr. artificial ; artificial, Ch. 

C. T. B 2. 

am, see ar^. arveV, see earfeV. 
arwe, sb., 0,E. earh, (dat, pi. arewan), = O.N, 

or ( pi,) oTvsiTfj' arrow, gen. & ex. 478 ; arwe 

ayenb. 66 ; Ch. C. t. E 1673 ; s. & c. I. 

xxxv ; on arwe [arewe] Laj. 2476 ; an arewe 

Jul. 72 ; arewe Brd. 15 ; Will. 885 ; earewe 

A. R. 60 ; arewen (pi.) Alis. 5283 ; are wen, 

arwen [arewe] LA3. 5510, 12576; earewen A. 

R. 60; H. M. 15 ; arwes Mand. 190. 
arwe, arwien, see ar^, ar^ien. 
as, see al swa under cd. as, see es. 
fis, aas, sb., Fr,^ Lat, as ; ace, Ch. C. t. -ff 385 i . 
[§s, sb., 0.N, ass, = Goth, ans (do/ccJr) ; plank ; 

comp, bet-, wind-As.] 
a-sadien, v., = M.H.G, ersatten ; satiate ; 

asad (pple^ REL. I. 122; p. s. 212. 
asailen, assailen, v., 0,Fr, assaillir ; assail^ 

A. R. 246, 362 ; asail^e H. M. 47 ; assaille 

Horn (L.) 637 ; asaile]> (pres) ayenb. 17 ; 

asailled (pple,) Shor. 141. 
a^-sdken, v., OJE, an-, onsacan, = O.L,G. 

antsacan, O.N, andsaka ; deny, renounce : 

bute hi here la^e asoke Horn (L.) 65. 
asaumple, sb., 0,Fr, esample ; example, a. r. 

112. 
asaut, sb., O.Fr. assaut, asalt ; assault, Rob, 

175 ; assauz (pL) a. r. 196. 
ascance, adv., as it were, as though, Ch. C. 

T. D 1745 > askauns Lidg. m. p. 35 ; ascaunces 

Ch. Tro. i. 292. 
ascapie, see esoapen. 
ascenden, v., 0,Fr. ascendre; ascend; as* 

cendid (pple,) WiCL. John xx. 17. 
ascensioun, sb., 0,Fr, ascension ; ascension, 

Shor. 126. 
asoh, sb., 0,E, aesc, - O.H.G. asc, asch, OjN. 

askr m., MJ>u, esch, M,H,G, esche/y ash 

(-tree), VOC. 162 ; P. L. s. xiii. 171 ; Ch. C. t. 

A 2922 ; asche voc 181 ; lax le fr. 168 ; 

Man. (F.) 12438; asche, esche PR. P. 15, 143, 
escli-kel(e), sb., ash-key, PR. P. 143. 
esoh-tre, sb., ash-tree, voc. 228. 
a-schdken, v., 0,E, asceacan; shcJze off', 

ascake'S ))aet dust of eowren foten Mat. x. 

14 ; aer ]}e dai weore al asceken [asake] LA3, 

19154. 
a-sch&mien, v., O, E, ascamian ; make 

ashamed,. put to shame \ asch&med (ppie.) 

LEG. 70; Will. 1035; s. s. (Wr.) 2314; 

Alis. 3309; aschomed chr. E. 864. 



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3^ 



a-scheden. 



a-^lakien. 



a-soheden, v., ^0,H.G. erscuttan; shed\ 

asoed (J^fle.) hom. I. 127. 
asohe, sb., 0,E,, asce, aesce, axe,- O.H.G. 

asca, ascha, asche, asga, Goth, azgo, 0,N, 

aska ; ashes ; ashe Gow. III. 345 ; aske, asche 

^ cinis^ PR. P. 15; aische, aske WiCL. GEN. 

xviii. 27 ; esche Shor. 107 ; axe MISC. 78 ; 

asse Halliw. 95 ; esse AYENa 137 ; pale as 

ashe [aische, aschen] colde Ch. C. t. A 1364 ; 

esoan (dat,) Lk. x. 13 ; asken {pi) A. R. 214 ; 

Hav. 2841 ; asshen hom. II. 65 ; askes Langl. 

B iii. 97 ; Orm. iooi ; askes, axes Trev. V. 

167, VII. 5; asches Mand. 107; axen Laj. 

25989 ; P. s. 203 ; (ms, acxen) hom. II. 95. 
aske-baSiOy sb., one who sits in the ashes^ 

a. p. 214. 
aske-fise, sb., = Swed. askefts (Rietz 139) ; 

one who blows the ashes y * cinifloy PR. P. 15. 
ascheler, sb., ashlar^ Aud. 78. 
a-8chenden, v., ffor ^esohenden ; disgrace : 

tat lond he wole aschende Bek. 1354 ; asende 
,A5. 18067* ; assend (^le) ROB. 263. 
a-sohewelen, v., scare away : ]>ar ich asohS- 

wele [aschetde] pie and crowe o. & N. 1613. 
aschi, adj., = Ger, aschig ; ashy^ Ch. C. t. 

A 2883 ; aski * cinereus' CATH. 14. 
aschieiiy see askien. 
a-sohortieny v., O.E, asceortian; shorten: 

()>)i tunge is ascorted frag. 8. 
a-sohrenchen, v., 0,E, ascrencan ; deceive : 

ech o)>ren aschrenchej> Shor. 17 ; ashreint 

(pple,) Aus. 4819 ; ich was aschreint S. S. 

(Web.) 1485. 
a-sohunohen, v., f terrify \ ne mei hit me 

ashunche spec. 38. 
a^-sohunian, v., 0,E, onscunian ; shun ; asch- 

oune (//nVi/^^aschonne) dep. R. ii. 185. 
ascri, sb., O.Fr, escri; cry, shout \ a. p. ii. 

1296 ; askri Gow. II. 386. 
asorien, v., 0,Fr, escrier; cry out. Will. 

3814; asoried (pret,) A. P. iii. 195. 
a-sciiren, v., « ♦askerren ; f scare, drive away] 

asour {imfier,) him so scheomeliche A. R. 

296. 
ase, see alswa under al. 
a-searien, v., 0,E, asearian, = 0,H.G, arso- 

ren ; grow dry ; asired {pret,) S. s. (Web.) 606. 
a-seohen, v., 0,E, asecan; seek out, La^. 

27866. 
as^gen, v., 0,Fr. aseger; besiege', as^ged 

(pret,) Rob. 184; as^ged (pple,) Will. 4224. 
asele, v., 0,Fr, enseeler, med.Lat. insigillare ; 

seal, Langl. A ii. 37 ; asele Alis.* (Sk.) 829 ; 

asSled (pple,) misc. 228; Langl. Ciii. 114. 
a-senohen, v., make to sink ; asenote {pret,) 

Rob. 416 ; azenkte ayenb. 49 ; ure scipen he 

aseingde LA5. 25697 ; asenchtest Jul. 33 ; al 

here atil and tresour was al so aseint Rob. 

51. 
a-sendexif v., 0,E, asendan,«Af./f.G^. ersen- 



den ; send out, hom. L 91 ; asende (pret,) 
hom. I. 225. 

asercheiiy see enserohen. 

aserrey v., f/or deserve : L. H. R. 147. 

a-setten, v., 0,E, asettan; appoint', aset 
(J>res,) ayenb. 140; on asette pple. tidan 
HOM. I. 115. 

Asie, pr. n., Asia, Marh. 2. 

a-a3en, v., 0,E, aslgan ; sink, fall ; asien 
MISC. 90 ; aseh (Jfret,) Sax. chr. 249 ; hom. 
II. 109. 

a-sinken, v., «= M,H, G, ersinken ; sink down : 
a8inke]> (pres,), bat hi nasinke)> SHOR. 136 ; 
asonken (pret,) MAP 345. 

a-sitteiiy v., 0,E, ^sitXzxi,^ M.H,G, ersitzcn; 
sit : aset {sec, text sat) )>e kaisere swulc he 
akimed weore Laj. 26353. 

aske, sb., f O.E, 2^xt, = 0.H,G. egedehsa; 
lizard; askes {pL) arch. LVII. 254; askes 
(/ ms, arskes) and o)>er wormes M. H. 141. 

aske, see asohe. 

&ske, sb., 0,E. aesce, » 0,H,G, eisca; demand', 
axe LA5. 1053. 

aske-baVie, -fise, see under asohe. 

Askien, &zen [P fixen], v., 0,E, ascian, acsian, 
axian, ahsian, = 0,Fris, Sskia, aschia, OJV^. 
seskja, 0,L,G, escon, 0,H,G, eiscon; €isk', 
asken A. R. 242 ; c L. 1023 ; {ms, asskenn) 
Orm. 10278; askin ^peto,posco' PR. P. 15; 
aske AuD. 79 ; aske feve Hav. 2952 ; asche 
Egl. 1090 ; ashe Ed. 2775 ; asche, esse Rob. 
16, 374; eskien HOM. 1. 25; asken, axen Ch. 
C.T. ^loi; axe Ch. d. Bl. 1276; aske, axe 
Langl. -^4 iv. 90; esche misc. 139; axicn 
Mat. xxii. 46; axien [axi] La^. 7193 ; acsi, 
oxi ayenb. 1 10, 114 ; axe Gow. I. 47 ; WiCL. 
John i. 19; asse Townl. 58; aske, axe 
Ipres,) Ch. C. T. A 1347 ; ich acsi \t a 
qvestioun SHOR. 136; eski Marh. 13; ais- 
chest, aishest, aissest, axest O. & N. 473, 707, 
995 ; exist P. s. 200; acseS A. R. 8 ; nou esche 
we TREAT. 136 ; aske {imper,) H. M. 9 ; esca 
hine hwet he habbe bijeten HOM. I. 35; 
askede {pret,) A. R. 66 ; misc. 26 ; gen. & ex. 
3191 ; askede Laj. 29229 ; he axede gavel of 
ban lond 6122 ; heo sexede [axede] aeftcr 
brenne 5001 ; askede, aschede Rob, 16, 33 ; 
acsede rel. I. 30 ; Horn (H.) 43 ; easkedc 
Jul. 15 ; escade hom. I. 43; fu askedest 0. 
& N. 13 10 ; comp, of-askien. 
&sker, sb., asker, WiCL. Is. ix. 4 ; fe axere, 
(plaintiff) and \t defendaunt E. G. 361. 
&8kunge, sb., 0,E, ascung; asking, A. R. 70; 
askinge */^/r*//V? ' PR. P. 15; ascinge REL. I. 
131 (hom. II. 11); escunge Marh. 16; ac- 
singe AYENB. 209. 

a-slseped, pple., overcome with sleep ', heo 
is asleped svij^e Fl. & Bl. 582 ; aslepid 
(^sopitus^) with ful miche drunkenesse WiCL. 
Judith xiii. 4. 

a-slakiexif v., OJEl, asleacian ; slacken ; aslake 



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a-sldan. 



a-stenohen. 



33 



LEG. 137 ; LiDG. M. P. 231 ; Pall, iv.- 769 ; 

asUki (fires, subj,) ayenb. 253; aaUULed 

(fiple,) Trev. III. 143 ; til atte lastc aslaked 

was his mood Ch. C. T. A 1760. 
a-slean, v., OJE. aslean,=0./^.C?. arslahan; 

slay; asJaen,-slan Laj. 22271, 22576; aslen Fl. 

& Bl. 105 ; s. A. L. 155 ; aaloj (fireL) Laj. 

22319 ; asloiQ P. l. S. xii. 88 ; (|>u) aslope Laj. 

24812 ; heo aslo^en [aslowe] 20956 ; aslowe 

ARCH. LI I. 37; aala^e {fifile.) Horn (L.) 

88 ; asl^e, aslawe Fer. 84, 321 ; aslawe 

Rob. 170; Shor. 120; leg. 13; Al. (T.) 

165 ; aslse^en La^. 21892. 
a-sliden, v., 0,E, aslldan ; slide away] aslide 

Halliw. 93. 
a'-8l&pi>eii, v.,—*ansluppen, 4/*. M,H,G. cnt- 

slapfen; slifi away: ne miht i him asluppe 

SPEC. 38 ; aalipped (pfile,) A. P. iii. 218. 
a-smellen, v., smell out: )« bor hem gan 

fill sone asmdle S. S. (Web.) 891. 
a-snsBseiiy v., O J?, asnaesan ; strike^ thrust : 

bene. horn ^t he asnesetS mide alle )>eo J^et 

oa areache^ A. R. 200. 
a-8oftieii9 v., soften ; asofte Halliw. 94. 
asottiey v., 0,Fr. asoter ; become foolish^ hom. 

1. 17 ; assote Gow. 1. 68 ; asotdd {fifile^ Fer. 

2007. 
a-sp&rien, v., ^ M.H,G, erspam; sfi€ire\ 

aspare Langl. ^xv. 136. 
aspe, sb., O.E, sespe, aepse,™ 0,H.G. aspa, 

0,N. 6sp ; asfieuy voc. 181, 285 ; Ch. C. T. 

A 2921 ; aspe, espe PR. P. 15, 143 ; espe voc. 

228. 

aspect, sb., cufiectf Ch. C. t. A 1087. 

aspen, adj., — AfJI.G, espin ; asfien : aspen lef 

Ch.Tro. iii. 1 20a 
a-spenden, v., OJ?. aspendanj sfiend\ a- 

spenen (fires, subj.) HOM. I. 123. 
a-speowen, v., sfiue out; aspdweV (fires,) 

HOM. II. 199. 

BBjfiBf aspien, see apie, apien. 

a-spillen, ▼., sfitllf waste, destroy ; aspille O. 

& N. 348 ; mi soule to aspille Bek. 1024 ; 

aspOlaS {fires?^ hom. I. 13 ; )>eo J)et forleose^ 

& aspille^ al hore god A. R. 148. 
aspre, adj., O.Fr, aspre ; harsh, cruel, Ch. An. 

23; aspere Ch. Boet. ii. 1 (32). 

asper-liche, adv., harshly, GuY 84 ; asperii 
A. P. iii. 373. 

aapreneaae, sb., harshness, Ch. Boet. iv. 4 

(127). 

aaprete, sb., OJ^r. aspret^; asfierity, A. R. 354. 
a-springen, v., 0£, aspringan, = 0,H,G, 

arspringan ; sfiringufi ; aspringe Shor. 120 ; 

asprang (firet,) hom. I. 227 ; aaprungen 

(^le,) Angl. I. 17 ; asprongun Digs. 118. 
assai, sb., 0,Fr, essai, Lot, exagium; trials 

test, p. L. s. XXX. 166 ; Flor. 1500. 
assaien, v., OJFr. es-, assaier ; try, test, Langl. 



A iii. 5 ; asaie Will. 3754 ; asaid (fifile.) 

AYEiJ^B. 117. 
asse, sb., 0,E, assa, cf, O.N, asni, Lai. asinus ; 

ass, A. R. 32 ; Shor. 122 ; Mand. 70 ; an asse 

TREAT. 138; )>ane asse ayenb. 156; aaae 

(gen,) Langl. B xviii. 1 1 ; asse earen a. r. 

172; was le^d in asse cribbe Orm. 371 i ; an 

asse ban c. M. 7171 ; aaaen (ace) Lk. xiii. 15 ; 

aaaen (fil,) Alis. 1866 ; assen, asses Ch. C. t. 

Z?285. 
asse, sb., O.E, asse ; she-ass, leg. 7 ; ane asse 

. . . mid hire colt HOM. 1. 3 ; aasen (gen,) Mk. 

xi. 2. 
assemble, v., O.Fr. asembler ; assemble, Ch. 

Boet. iii. 7 (80) ; assemblede (firet.) p. s. 

190 ; asembleden Will. 3815. 
assemble, sb., 0,Fr. asemblee; assembly, 

Langl. B prol. 217 ; a. p. i. 759 ; Iw. 19. 
assene, sb., O.N. asna ; she-ass, Mat. xxi. 2. 
assent, sb., assent, Ch. C. t. ^ 817 ; asent 

Shor. 57; Will. 1300. 
assenten, v., O.Fr. assentir ; assent, Langl. 

C XX. 264; assente ^ iii. 113; assentede 

(firet.) P. L. S. xxiv. 150. 
assetz, sb., O.Fr. assez ; satisfaction, LANGL. 

^xvii. 237 ; assethe PR. C. 3610; asef WiCL. 

S.W. II. 237. 
assigne, a^gne, v., O.Fr, ass^ner ; assign, 

Langl. ^ iv. 109 ; assignede (firet,) p. L. 

s. xii. 131 ; asegned (fifile,) Will. 581. 
assise, sb., 0,Fr, assise ; assise, sise, s. 3. 

(Web.) 2490; OCTOV. (W.) 81 ; r. r. 1237; 

asise Rob. 53 ; leg. 46 ; Will. 4451. 
assoigne, see essoigne. 
assoilen, v., O.Fr. assoldre, from Lat. absol- 

vere; absolve, fiardon; solve, explain; Langl. 

A prol. 67 ; asoile MiRC 19(68 ; asoili ayenb. 

172; absoile Mer. ii ; assolli (fires, subj'.y 

Bek. 2027 ; asoilede (firet.) Rob. 476 ; a- 

BOiled (fifrle.) Misc. 32. 
assoinen, v., O.Fr. essoigner; excuse; asunien, 

asonien, A. R. 64; assoini ayenb. 242; a* 

soinede ROB. 539. 

assumpoioiui, sb., assumfition, Shor. 126. 
assurance, sb., O.Fr. asseurance ; assurance^ 

Ch. C.T. ^341. 
assure, v., O.Fr. asseurer; assure, Ch. C. 

T. B 1231; asselired (fifile.) Boet. i. 4 (16). 
a-standen, v., O.E. astandan, = O.L.G. 

astandan, O.H.G. arstantan ; stand ufi : );at 

deor up astod La^. 6495. 
astat, see stat. 

a-stellen, v., O.E, astellan ; constitute, esta- 
blish ; astalde (firet.) hom. I. 19 ; astalden 

La^. 8960 (missfielt astalleden 8950) ; astald 

(fifile.) La^. 81 16 (missfielt astalled 8391). 
a-stenohen, Y.,=Ger. erstenken ; anttoy with 

stench : stute nu . . . to astenchen me wi% ]>e 

stench bet of bi mu^ stihe^^lARH. 12 ; asteinte 

(/ stinking) noresone Alis. 880. 



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34 



a-steorven. 



atel. 



a-steorven, v., 0,E, asteorfan, « 0,H,G, 
arsterban ; die, Marh, 12 ; a. r. 326 ; asterve 
Fer. 3058; astorven (pple,) A. R. 310; 
astorve o. & N. 1200. 

a-steren, v., ? 0,E, asteran ; excite ; asterde 
(pret.) HOM. I. 95 ; |>at he . . . jje storvene 
aslearde {v, r. arearde) Kath. 1043; mani 
a Sarzin )>ar was astered Fer. 3899. 

a-sterte, v., start up, start away, Langl. 
^xi. 392; MED. 570; Ch. C. t. u4i595; 
asterte (J>ret.) Fer. 1468; asturte misc. 42; 

tt eotend up asturte La;. 26045 ; astirte til 
im Hav. 893 ; see atsterten. 

a-sterve, v., 0,E, asterfan, astyrfan, » 
M H,G, ersterben, mod,Eng, starve ; kill^ 
AYENB. 240 ; asterved (pple,) 240. 

a-sta^en, v., 0,E, astlgan, = 0,H,G. erstlgan ; 
ascend, descend \ astien MISC. 55 ; astie Rob. 
317; astighS (pres.) HOM. II. 107; ast&h, 
asteh (pret,) hom. I. 17, 91 ; asteh II. in ; 
asteih, astei misc. 53, 55 ; asti^en (pret. pi.) 
LA3. 8691 ; astt^e (pret, subj,) HOM. 1. 227; 
asto3e {pple,) Fer. 2971. 
astiunge, sb., ascension, HOM. I. 209. 

astoffe, v., 0,Fr. estouffer; suffocate, jarb. 
XII. 161. 

astoniey v., 0,Fr. estoner; astound, stun, 
ayenb. 126; astone Gow. III. 54; astoned 
(pple,) Ch. Tro. i. 274 ; astouned Shor. 88 ; 
hors and man astuned lai Ar. & Mer. 6297. 

astdren, see storen. 

astranglen, see stranglen. 

a-streechen, v., 0.E, astreccan, « M,H,G, 
erstrecken; stretch out, extend', astretchin 
^attingo^ PR. P. 16. 

a-streng)ny v., strengthen, Rob. 180 ; a- 
strengped (pple,) misc. 32. 

astrolabie, sb., Fr, astrolabe, Lot. astrolabium ; 
astrolabe, Ch. astr. prol. 

astrologie, sb., 0,Fr, astrologie; astrology, 
Ch. astr. prol. 

astrologieny sb., 0,Fr, astrologien ; astrologer, 
Ch. astr. prol. 

astronomer, sb., astronomer, Trev. IV. 209. 

astronomie, sb., OFr. astronomie ; astrono- 
my, PR. p. 16; LA3. 24298; Langl. Ax, 
207. 

aBtronomien, sb., 0,Fr. astronomien ; astro- 
nomer, Gow. II. 230. 

astmien, v., for destruien ; a8trti)> (pres,) 
AYENB. 17; astruid (pple.) HOM. 11. 147. 

astudien, see studien. 

a-stunten, v., 0,E, astyntan (obtundere)\ 
cease : astunten hore cleppe A. R. 72 ; he nel 
nevere astinte Fer. 1842 ; astente Will. 15 27; 
astunte (pret,) La^. 31891 *; astunte, astinte 
Rob. 128, 546 ; astint (pple.) Map 341. 

a-sttirien, v., 0,Bi astyrian ; stir up ; asti- 
reden (pret^ Mk. xv. ii ; astired (pple,) 
leechd. III. 130 ; astured weoren Romweren 



alle mid sterclichere wrae^e LA5. 25329; 

astered Degr. 757 ; cf, asteren. 
asur, adj., Fr'. azur ; cusure, Jos. 195. 
aswdgen, v., 0,Fr, assouagier; assuage, 

Langl. Av,ioo', aswagi Bek. 1452 ; aswage 

Ch. C. T. ^3834. 
a-8webben, v., 0,E, aswebban; stupefy: 

astonied and asweved Ch. h. f. 549. 
a-swel^eiiyV., devour \ aswolwe(pple,) Beves 

786. 
aswelten, v., 0,E, asweltan; faint, die: 

J)et he aswelte (pres, subj,) wi^innen a. r. 

216; )« fuir . . . as welt (jbres.) Alis. 6639; 

cnihtes j>ar aswalten (Pret,) Laj. 27474*. 
a-BWiken, v., 0.E, aswlcan (deceive); cease, 

fail', aflwikeS(^r^j.) Kath. 2187; aswiketS 

(imper,) LA5. 15327; aswikie (subj.) Mat. v. 

29 ; aswAo (pret,) LA3. 161 12. 
a-swinden, v., 0,E. aswindan, ■= O.H,G, 

arswintan; vanish, decrease, waste, decay, 

Marh. 13; aswinde Angl. I. 10; o. & N. 

1574; aswint (pres^ LA3. 17940; as imet 

sweven aswind^ hire murh^en Jul. 74; 

aswond (pret,) hom. I. 133 ; serst aswond 

))at com La^. 31793 ; aswunden [aswonde] 

(pple.) Laj. 19599; aswunde O. & N. 1480; 

aswounde L. H. R. 52. 
a-swinken, v., procure by labour-, aswinke 

Bek. 1663. 
a-swo^en, pple., 0,E, aswogen ; in a swoon ; 

aswo^e Al. (T.) 141 ; he fell aswowe to grounde 

Launf. 755. 
a-Bwolkenesse, sb., 0,E. aswolcenness ; 

sloth, indolence, HOM. I. 83. 
aty conj. & rel. pron., 0,N. at; that, s. s. 

(Web.) 3824; M. H. 73; ANT. Arth. xiv; 

TowNL. 2 ; the beste bodi at thar war Terc. 

150; j?at at him fel to knaw(e) PR. c. 171. 
at, see at. at- (compounds), see »t-. 
atache, attache, v., 0,Fr. atacher; attack, 

Langl. A ii. 174 ; attached (pple.) Man. 

(H.)i58. 
atachement, sb., attachment, £. G. 360.. 
aMaken, v., F^oftaken; take ; atake Bek. 

1961; Ch. C. t. 6^556; Am. & Amil. 

2070; al \dX )»ai atake mi3t(e) Fer. 3128; 

shal atake ^ apprehendet^ WiCL. LEV. xxvi. 

5 ; at5k (pret,) Ar. & Mer. 468. 
a-tastin, v., tcLste, pr. p. 16 ; ataste (pres. 

subj,) Ch. Boet. ii, i (30). 
ate, sb., O.E, ata; oat; ote * avena ' PR. P. 372 ; 

MiRC 1483 ; Map 350 ; oten (ace.) a. r. 312 ; 

ftten [ote] (pi.) LA3. 24438; ooten Rich. 

6004 ; otin voc. 177 ; oten, otes Langl. A iv. 

45 (58) ; comp. Bl&d-&te. 
ate], adj., 0,E. atol, eatol, « 0,N. atall ; dread- 
ful, cruel ; atell Orm. 4803 ; atele hurtes hom. 

I. 275. 
atel-lioh, adj., O.E, ate(l)llc ; cruel ; atelich 

A. r, 6; misc. 183; Map 343; in ateliche 



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a-tellen. 

(ms. attdiche) pole'LA^. 21748; mid j>ine 

ateliche sweore O. & N. 1 125; ateliche 

[cateliche] wihtes Jul. 46, 47; fe alle weren 

eateliche to bihaldene HOM. I. 41 ; eate- 

Itikest (super/.) H. M. 41. 
a-teUen, v^ O.E. atellan, - M.L.G, ertellen, 

0.ff,G, arzellan ; narrate^ tell, HOM. II. 113. 
a-temien, v., O^, atemian; iame\ we ne 

mu^n atemien {afford) to wur^n godes bord 

HOM. II. 199; atemie Langl. Cxx. 240; 

atamed i^le) ayenb. 153 ; hors wel atamed 

DEP. R. iii. 27. 
aten, adj., O.E. aten (leechd. III.), 292 ; 

oaten : otene grotes L. C. C. 47. 
a-tende, v., O.E. atendan ; kindle^ inflame^ 

Ber. 2728 ; a candle he atende)> {ms. atten- 

de)>) Fer. 2413; atende (pres. subj.) misc. 

52; ¥cre h^ene monnan heortan . . . 

muhten been atende hom. I. 95 ; so sone 

so hi weren of J)e holi goste atende {ms. 

attende) misc. 56. 
a-teon, v., 0£. ateon ; treat \ ato^en {pple.) 

HOM. II. 205 ; weoren . • . reouliche ato3ene 

LA3. 24846. 
a^-teonen, v., f/or )et§onen; irritate; 

ateoned (pple.) chr. £. 61 ; atened Fer. 

114; Beves 2601. 
a-teorien, v., 0.E, ateorian; /ail\ atieretS 

(pres.) HOM. II. 29. 

atiflTen, v., OJ^r. atifier ; decorate, A. r. 360. 
atily sb., OJFr. atil ; equipment^ gear, RoB. 51. 
atilen, v., O.Fr. atiUicr ; adorn ; atiled (pple.) 

Rob. 184. 
atip, sb., attire, Laj. 3275*; Will. 4465; 

Rich. 519. 
atiren, v., O.Fr. atirier; attire, s. s. (Wr.) 

3218; atired (/r^/.) Rob. 547 ; atired (pple.) 

Will. 1228. 
atlien, see ahtlien. 
a-tre^en, v., afflict, grieve ; atraid (pret.) 

S. s. (Web.) 1867 ; atraiyed (pple.) K. T. 

605. 
a-tni]den, v., //^rjetrukien; fail', atroketz 

(pres.) p. R. l. p. 221 ; atrokien (ms. 

attrokien) (subj.) leb. Jes. ii ; nu beo)> fine 

te)y atra(kied) frag. 8. 
att&mm, v., O.Fr. atamer ; pierce, broach (a 

vessel), begin; * attamino^ PR. p. 16 ; atame 

L. H. R, 210; attamede (pret.) Langl. Cxx. 

68 ; D. Arth. 2175 ; attamed, atamed (pple.) 

Ch. C. T. ^4008. 

atteigne, v., O.Fr. ateindre ; attain, Gow. I. 

131; atteine Ch. Boet. iv. i (118); ateine 

P. l. s. XXV. 87. 

attemperatincey sb., temperance, Ch. Boet. 

iv. 6 (138) ; Lido. m. p. 209. 

attempre, adj., attempered, ayenb. 153; at- 

tempree Mand. 276. 

attempreiiy v., O.Fr. atemprer; attemper, 

Gow. 1. 87; attempered (pple.) Lido. m. p. 3. 

D 



&)?. 



ZS 



attencioiuiy sb., Fr. attention; attention, 

Ch. Boet. ii. i (29). 

attendance, attendannce, sb., O.Fr. at- 
tendance ; attendance, Ch. C. t. D 933. 
attenden, v., O.Fr. atendre ; attend, listen, 

grl. xxii ; atend c. M. 21803 ; atende lud. 

Cov. 259 ; attende (pres.) Pall. i. 511. 
attente, sb.,= entente, a. r. 252. 
&tter, ater , sb., O.E. ator, attor, setor, = M.L.G. 

etter, O.H.G. eitar, eittar, O.N. eitr ; poison, 

pus, HOM. I. 23, 51 ; atter Orm. 15383 ; gen. 

& EX. 372; c. L. II 50; Langl. ^xii. 256; 

bat atter Laj. 14995 5 1^^ atter a. R. 208 ; attir 

hames ' PR. P. 16 ; &ttere (dat.) Laj. 16089. 
&tter-ooppe» sb., O.E. atorcoppa, cf. Scotch 

dial, ettercap ; spider, o. & N. 600; K. L. 63 ; 

attircoppe * aranea * PR. P. 16. 
Atter-l&Se, sb., O.E. attorla^e leechd. III. 

34 ; antidote to poison, betony : drinc J)eonne 

atterIo¥e (atterla^e) & drif fene swel ajean- 

ward A. R. 274 ; atterloJ>e ^more(l)le * rel. I. 

37 (voc 141). 
&tter-lioh, adj., O.E. ^torlfc; venomous; 

atterluch A. R. 212*. 
attern, adj., O.E. aetren, settren, Af.H.G. 

eiterin; venomous (ms. atterne), frag. 8; 

furh atterne drench Laj. 16084. 
attemesse, sb., venomousness, A. R. 196. 
attlse, v., O.Fr. atiser ; entice, Halliw. 109. 
drttrien, v., O.E. atterian, *= M.H.G. eitem, 

O.N. eitra ; venom, poison ; attreS (pres.) 

HOM. I. 153; A. R. 84 ; attred (pple.) HOM. 

II. 19; Orm. 15376; iattred A. r. 208. 
&ttri3, adj., « O.H.G. eitrig ; venomous, Orm. 

9785; attri A. R. 82 ; Mark. 14 ; h. m. 15 ; ¥at 

attrie ^ing REL. I. 215. 
atum, sb., O.Fr. aturn (atour) ; dress, attire, 

A. R. 426 ; H. M. 23 ; attour R. R. 3718. 
aturne, sb., O.Fr. atorn^ ; attorney, E. G. 58. 
atumen, v., OJ^r. atumer, atomer (atourner) ; 

turn; dress, attire : he atomde as vaste as 

he mijte ROB. 419 ; er he . . . habbe hire 

swuch atumed and imaked A. R. 284; leo- 

fliche atumet HOM. I. 257. 
a^-tween, prep., between, Lidg. m. p. 263. 
a'-twix, prep., between, w. & i. 32 ; atvix Am. 

& Amil. 865 ; atwixen Ch.Tro. 417 ; atwixe 

Trev. VII. 167 ; atwixin, atwixt, betwixt, 

^ inter' PR. P. 17. 
a'-twinnen, v., separate, divide; atwinne 

Halliw. 109. 
a)?, sb., O.E. a^, - Goth, ai^s, O.L.G., O.Fris. 

eth, ed, O.N. ei¥r, O.H.G. eid ; oath, I w. 2264 ; 

aenne a^ [of] LA3. 19981 (miswritten ae^ 704) ; 

oa'S (r. w. wra^) 653 ; o^ ayenb. 64 ; ))en ob 

Rob. 446 ; oo)>, 00th Ch. C. t. A 120; otn 

Hav. 1 1 18; 6J>e (dat.) procl. 5; wifuten 

obe Horn (L.) 347 ; ftf^ea (pi.) Orm. 4479; 

otes a. r. 198; a?Sen (dat.pl.) LA3. 5165; 

comp. nian-6}>. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



3^ 



apel. 



avenaant. 



a]>el, a}>elingy s^e alSeU etJeling. 
a-J'eoBtren, v., 0,E, a)>eostrian ; d^ darkened : 

se mone a}>e8tret$ hom. I. 239 ; a]>eo8trede 

(preL) Laj. 2860; aJ>eo8tred (pple,) Mk. 

xiii. 24. 

a)>inken9 see of|>unkeii. 
a-^Tawen, v., throw off\ of his horse he 

a}>reu (/r^/.) La^. 807*. 
a-lTusemen, v., 0,E, aJTrysman; suffocate^ 

A. R. 40 ; a)>ru0meS (pres^ hom. I. 251. 
a)>iiiii9 sb., C?.^. a^um, = 6>./^rw.athum, athom, 

OJiXj, eidum, eidam ; son-in-law (ms. 

ajnimm) Orm. 19832; a^um, o¥em [o))om] 

Laj. 3619, 23106; o)wim ^gener' frag. 2; 

o¥em REL. I. 130 (HOM. II. 165) ; oJ)om Rob. 

182 ; odam Alis. 2081. 
a-t^ursten, \.,)^Af.H,G. crdursten; cf. of- 

|>iirBten ; suffer thirst ; aj^iirst (ppie,) P. L. S. 

xiii. 329 ; LEG. 7 ; Trev. III. 471 ; he werj> 

aburst wd sore REL. II. 273; a))urst, a})rust, 

aprist Langl. Byu 59*, Cxii. 43*; athrest 

LUD. Cov. 190. 
aube, see albe. 
aubely ebely sb., Fr. aubel; abele^ white 

poplar i PR. p. 17. 

auburn, adj., L,Lat, albumus ; auburn, PR. 

p. 17. 
audienoe, sb., ' O.Fr, audience ; audience, 

Langl. ^xiii. 434 ; Ch. C. t. E 104. 
auditour, sb., O.Fr, auditeur ; auditor, Shor. 

96; Gow. II. 191. 

aufln, see alfin. augrim, see algrim. 
august, sb., August, Ch. astrol. i. 10 (6) ; 

augst Gow. III. 370. 
auh, see ao« ftuhte, see fihte. 
auk, adj. ( = *avek, as hauk -♦havek), 0,N, 

ofugr, O.H.G* abuh ; awkward, left-handed, 

perverse, (ms. awke) ^sinister, perversus,* 

PR. P. 18 ; auke dedis D. Arth. 13. 
auk-li, adv., awkwardly, ^ sinistre, perverse,^ 

PR. P. 18. 
auk-ward, adv., awkward, awry, D. Arth. 

2247 ; J>e world Jwu al aukward sett(e) PR. c. 

1541. 
aul, see aweL 

aumperour, see emperour. 
aun-, see an*, 
austere, adj., 0,Fr, austere ; austere, Man. 

(H.) 54 ; austeme WiCL. s. w. I. i. 
austerite, sb., 0,Fr. austerity ; austerity, PR. 

c. 5376. 

auter, see alter. 

autorite, sb., 0,Fr,z\xtonX.6, auctoritd; author- 
ity, AYENB. 147 ; Man. (F.) 14596 ; autorite, 

auctorite Ch. C.t. -^4165. 
autour, sb., 0,Fr. auteur; author, Langl. 

B X. 243 ; auctour Ch. C. T. E 1141. 
autumpne, sb., Fr. automne ; autumn, Ch. 

BOET. i. 2 (8). 



&u|>er, pron. & conj. {for ♦a-hwej^r), OE. 

ahwa^Ser, aivr6eT,=^0./I.G. iowcder, mod.En^. 

or ; either (one of two) ; or ; Gaw. 88 ; au)»u- 

ANT. Arth. xvi ; heore owwJ)err Orm. 124 ; 

ou^r, ouI)er Sax. chr. 32, 38; ou^er of 

J)eos two A. R* 286 ; ou)>er of |>am Iw. 3589 ; 

ou|jer ... or Mand. 184 ; oujir bi daie or bi 

nighte Perc. 87; ou})er [o})er] dies Langl. 

A i. 151 ; ou|)er [ojJer] ... or Ch. C. T. 

^1593; oiJ)er Alis. 4899; Al. (L^) 408; 

oiber ... or MAN. (H.) 2 ; o¥cr on him sulf 

o^r on his freond A. R. 202 ; o|>er ayenb. 9 ; 

oJ)er dairim ober daisteorre O. & N. 328 ; o|>cr 

catel ober clof PL. CR. 116 ; o{)er ... or Rob. 

17 ; clusung o)>er tending frag, i ; fader 

o¥er moder LA5. 26092; twelf winter o))er 

more Hav. 787; lijier ober god treat. 

133; obbr, or Orm. 480, 6255, 10882; 

other [or] . . . other [or] Langl. B xiii. 369 ; 

a maister or a pope Ch. C. t. ./^26i. 
availen, v., avail i ne mai mi streng^ not 

availle [availe] Ch. C. T. A 2401 ; H. v. 81 ; 

avaiUe Man. (F.) 5084; avail C. M. 90; awail^e 

Barb. i. 336; awail c. M. 7992; aveile Ch. 

Tro. i. 20 ; availej> (pres.) Ch. h. ri 363. 
avdlen, v., O.Fr. avaler; lower, cause to 

descend, Ch. C. t. A 3122. 
avanoen, v., O.Fr. avancer ; advance *, avance 

MiN. 39 ; avaunce Ch. C. t. A 246 ; Man. 

fF.) 7246; avonci ayenb. 82; avaunoeS 

\pres.) A. R. 156; avanoed (pple.) P. L. s. 

xvii. 383. 

avanoement, v., O.Fr. avancement; advance- 
ment, Shor. 148 ; avauncement Rob. 312. 
avant, sb., from avanten ; vaunt, boast, pro- 

mise, Kath." 56 ; avaunt A. P. ii. 664 ; Fer. 

355 ; Alex.« (Sk.) 570. 
avantdge, sb., O.Fr. avantage; advantage, 

Ch. C. X u4 1293; avauntage Gow. I. 194; 

avontage ayenb. 209. 
avanten, avaunte, v., O.Fr. avanter ; vaunt, 

boast, Ch. C. t. Dioi^\ avanti Shor. 

118. 
avantwarde, sb., O.Fr. avantgarde; vcm- 
guard, D. Arth. 324; avauntwarde Langl. 

Cxxii.95. 
avarice, sb., 0,Fr. avarice ; avarice, ayenb. 

16 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (45). 
aveien, v., O.Fr. avier ; teach, inform ; aveide 

ipret.) Shor. 19 ; avaid {pple.) 158 ; awaied 

A. P. i. 709. 
aveiment, sb., O.Fr. aveiement ; instruction, 

Shor. 77 ; awaimentis {pi.) Wint. (n.E.d.). 

ave-long, adj., »=/?««, aflang, Swed. aflkng, 
from Lat. oblongus ; oblong, * oblongus^ PR. 

P. 17. 

aveien, see aflen. aven, see Sfen. 
avenaunt, adj. & sb., Fr. avenant ; suitable, 

graceful; convenience; S. S. (Web.) 1419 ; 

Man. (F.) 7532 ; ilka man after his avenaunt 

4729. 



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avence. 



a-warien. 



37 



avenoe, sb^ O.Fr. avence ; the plant ovens 

geum^ ^avencia^ voc. 139 ; PR. P. 17. 
Avene, pr. n., 0,E, Afen ; Avon^ Laj. 21267 ; 

Avene striem P. L. s. viii. 126. 
ayener, sb., O.Fr, avcnier, Lat. avenarius 

(an officer of the stable^ charged with the 

supply of provender) ; voc 170 ; PR. P. 18. 
ayengOy v., ffor revenge ; avenge^ Langl. B 

V. 128*. 
ayentaille, sb., OJ^, aventaille; movable Jront 

of a helmety Fer. 238 ; aventaile Will. 3608. 
ayente, v., OJ^r. esventer ; refresh with air^ 

Flor. 1941 ; awent Barb. vi. 305 ; aventid 

(pret,) D. Troy 7090; aventid (pple,) 

escaped^ WiCL. S. W. I. 219. 
ayentiire, sb., 0,Fr. aventure; adventure^ 

A. r. 340; MISC. 29; Will. 254; Alis. 

7837 ; be aventure Mand. 185 ; to do his lif 

an aontre [in aventure] ROB. 65. 
ayenturen, v., 0,Fr, aventurer; adventure^ 

venture; aventure Man. (H.) 70 ; auntre Ch. 

C. T. A 4209. 
ayentnrous, adj., adventurous^ Gow. I. 93 ; 

Rich. 271. 

ayOT, sb!, horse ; averes (pi.) Haluw. 117. 
ayer, sb., 0,Fr. aveir ; property ; avere Man. 

(H.) 124 ; aveer Mand. 292 ; havoir R. R. 

472a 
ayeril, sb., O.Fr, avril ; Aprils LA3. 24196 ; 

TREAT. 136 ; SPEC. 27. 

ayerooB^ adj., cf Prov, averos (avarideux) ; 
grudyy Langl. B xv. 132, Cxvii. 279 ; avarous 
Gow. II. 147. 

ayetrol, sb., f corrupted from 0,Fr, avoltre; 

t bastardy Alis. 2693 ; S. S. (Web.) 1107. 
avili, v., 0,Fr. avilir ; make vile^ P. L. S. xi. 10 ; 

ayiled (pret.) A. P. ii. 171 3. 
ayiB, sb., O.Fr. avis ; advice, Rob. 89 ; Ch. C. 

T.^i868; Mand. 180; Man. (F.) 5268. 
aviae, v., O.Fr. avlser ; advise, devise, consi- 
der, Gow. I. 132 ; with alle ... be mir))e fat 

men coujie avise Gaw. 45 ; of pine answere 

avise }« right wel Ch. l. g. w. 335. 
ayiaementy sb., O.Fr. avisement ; admsement, 

Gow. 1. 147 ; Ch. C. t. £ 1531 ; E. w. 27. 
ayiBioiiy sb., OJ^r. avision ; vision, Rob. 255 ; 

avisioun Mand. 114. 
avocat^ sb., O.Fr. avocat ; advocate, ayenb. 

127; avocat, avoket Trev. VIII. 253. 
ayoi, int., O.Fr. avoi (expressing surprise) ; A. 

P. ii, 863 ; Bek. 2066. 
ayoidance, sb., emptying, ^ evacuation PR. p. 

19. 
ayoiden, v., O.Fr. esvuidier, ^vuider ; empty; 

fnake void; avoid; ^ evacuoi PR. P. 19; 

avoide WicL. i CoR. xv. 24. 
ayou, sb., vow, Trev. IV. 49; Will. 532; 

(h)i5 avou (ms. auow) he haveb inmd Fer. 

I8i8. ^ 



avond, sb., O.Fr. avo^, « avocat; advocate, 

patron saint; avowe Alis. 3160; avowSs 

(pi.) Bek. 21 18. 
avoueisoiin, sb., advowson, Bek. 575. 
avouexiy v., O.Fr. z.\otT,Jrom Lat, advocare \ 

avow, acknowledge, declare, avowe Man. 

fH.) 320 ; avowin ^advoco* PR. P. 19 ; avouh 

(itnper) h6m. 1. 197; 'Bvond (pple.) ayenb. - 

loi. ; 

avouen, v., O.Fr. 2iYotT,from Lat. *adv6tare ; 

vow, bind by a vow, PL. CR. 847 ; avoue WiCL. 

GEN. xxxi. 13. ^ 

avoueriey sb., O.Fr. avouerie, avoerie; 

patronage, protection, P. S. 189; avouerie, 

avoerie ayenb. ioi, 146. 
avontery sb., O.Fr. avoutre, avoltre; adulterer, 

PR. p. 19 ; Ch. C. T. D 1372. 
avoutrie, sb., O.Fr. avoutrie ; adultery, Langl. 

B ii. 175 ; Ch. C. t. D 1306 ; Mand. 54. 
await, sb., O.Fr. await, agvait ; ambush, Ch. 

C. T. D 1657 ; awaitea 'insidiae' Trev. IV. 

165. 
awaite, v., O.Fr. agvaitier ; await, Langl. B 

X. 333 (A xi. 222 kas aspie) ; out he jeode 

for te awaite what fat wonder were Bek. 86 ; 

awaiteS (pres^ A. R. 174 ; awaitej) c. L. 767 ; 

awaited (pple!) WiCL. ex. xxi. 13. 
a-wdken, v., O.E. *awacan (pret. awoc) ; 
. awake : awake (? -awakie) P. L. S. xiii. 323 ; 

Ch. l. g. w. 1332; aw6o (pret.) Laj. 

1253 ; awok Rob. 15 ; awok, awool^ Langl. 

A\\\\. 128, Cx. 293; Ch. C. t. ^43364; 

Olimpias of slepe awok Alis. 355 ; ))e clerkes 

awoke P. l. s. x. 61 ; aw&ke (^ple) c. L. 

473 ; REL. I. 144. 
a-wdkien [awAkie], v., O.K. awacian,^ 

O.H.G. erwachen ; awake, LA3. 17914 ; he 

mai awakien leb. Jes. 692 ; ich wolde 

awakien ))e A. R. 238; awakie MISC. 192; 

aw&ke (imper.) Langl. By. 399 ; aw6kede 

(pret.) A. R. 236; awakede ayenb. 128; 

awakede, awaked Langl. -ffxiv. 332; (hi) 

awakede hine misc. 32 ; aw&ked (pple.) 

Ch. Boet. iii. II (106) ; after he was awaked. 

Will. 679. 
a-w&kenen, v., O.E. awacnian, awaecnian; 

awaken (intrans.), Jul. ii ; ))et god muwe 

}>er of awakenen a. R. 44 ; awAkeneS (pres) 

H. M. 27; aw&kned (pret.) Langl. ^xix. 

478 ; aw&kened (pple.) a. r. 58. 
a-w&lden, v., = M.H.G. erwaken; govern, 

subdue, LA3. 4345 ; awealden (? = awelden; 

Jul. 69 ; awolde p. L. s. xvii. 335 ; aweald 

(imper.) Kath. 652. 
awane, see andwane. 
a-wappen, v., f astonish; awaped (pple) 

Alis; 899; Ar. & Mer. 3240; awhaped 

Ch. l. g. w. 814. 
awarden, v., O.Fr. awarder; award ; awarde 

(pres.) Ch. C. t. C 202. 
a-warien, v., O.K. awergian, awyrgian ; curse, 



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38 



a-warnie. 



a-wr^ken. 



dafty A. R. 284; awariede (Pret) LA5. 13946 ; 

awaried {pple.) R. S. IV ; awaned misc. 45 ; 

awirigd HOM. I. 223 ; awariede wihtes Kath. 

1066 ; his beoden beo^ aweriede hom. I. 49 ; 

ge aweregede gostes II. 69 ; ine awariede 

glednesse /vyenb. 27 ; see awurien. 
a-wamiey v., /*y2?r jewamie ; defend^ Fer. 

4027. 
a-wasoheiiy v., 0,E, awascan, - O.H.G, 

anvaskan; wash away, awesoen (fpie.) 

HOM. I. 37. 

awe, see e^e and eowe. 
a-weoohen, v., 0,E. aweccan, « 0,H,G, 

arwekkan, Goth, uswakjan ; arouse, awaken 

(tram,), hom. I. 267; awecche rel. II. 

278; awechche leb. Jes. 691 ; aweoS (pres,) 

HOM. II. 179; aweooheS {imper.) Mat. x. 

8 ; awahte {fret:) Kath. 1044 ; aweijte 

Alis. 5858 ; hio awehten hine Mk. iv. 38 ; 

awehten, aweihten La^. 811, 17805; awaht 

[aweht] {pple) La^. 4520. 
a-weden, v., O.E. awedan ; rave, bemad, LA3. 

22020; awede Shor. 163; Will. 45; 

Trist. 3181 ; B. DISC. 957; aw§de}> {pres.) 

0. & N. 509; awddde (pret) Rob. 162; 
awdd {pple,) A. R. 96 ; he was ne^ awed Bek. 
i486 ; awedde hundes LA5. 19538. 

a-w^^en, v., 0,E, awegan ; bear up ; aweigeS 
(pres,) HOM. II. 181 ; J)u awi^hst HOM. I. 233. 

awei, see under wei. 

awel, sb., O.E, awul, awel, al, ael, ta\,cf.O.H,G, 
ala yC, 0,N. air m., awl; owul ^Juscinula^ 
FRAG. 4 (VOC. 93) ; owel, cwel o. & N. 80 ; 
al ^ subulam' WiCL. DEUT. xv. 17 ; el A. R. 
324 ; eawles {pL) Kath. 2209 ; eaules misc. 
153; aulesA. R. 212; owcles leg. 159; oules 
Brd. 22; Map 339; Ch. C. t. 2)1730; 
eles AYENB. 66 ; eaiQe (dat.pL) MISC. 83. 

a-w^lden, v., govern, subdue, hom.- I. 81 ; 
awclden, awilden LA3. 4083, 27327; awelde 
REL. I. 184 (MISC 128) ; TREV. I. 91 ; 
awdldeV (pres^ A. R. 144 ; awalde, awaelde, 
awelde \pret,) LA5. 1643, 4663, 6167 ; 
awald (pple.) LA3. 4146; awild 12084*; 
awealt Kath. 555. 

a- wele^en, v., fmake or becomerich, luxurious ; 
heo wolde elles awilegen A. R. 176; hwit 
awilegeS (?) \^ eien 282 ; nes ()er nan swa 
wraecche Brut |>at he nes aw»l3ed La^. 
22718. 

a-welten, v., O.E. awyltan; roll away; 
awelte (prei.) Mat. xxviii, x 

a-wemmen, v., injure; awsemmen LA5. 
21290; awemmed {pple) hom. I. 83 ; rel. 

1. 128 ; LA3. 2212. 
aweiiy see &3en. 

arwendan, v., O.E. awcndan, « O.H.G. 
irwendan, Goth, uswandjan ; turn away, hom. 
I. 109 ; awende {pret.) hom. I. 219; awend 
{pple.) . La^. 1973* ; Thomas ... out of mi 
lond is awend Ber. 1240 ; awent Trev. V. 



329 ; hi alle wui^on awende. of ))an fe^re hiwe 
be hi an ^escapen were to lo^ce deoflen hom. 
I. 219. 

awene, awne, sb., O.N. 6gn, O.H.G. agana, 
Goth, ahana ; awn, ear of com, * arista,^ tr. p. 
18 ; agunes {pi.) voc. 155. 

a-weorpen, v., 0,E. aweorpan ; cast out, cast 
down ; aworpen A. R. 122 ; awarpen Kath. 
590 ; awerpeS {pres.) hom. I. 25 ; aworpe^ 
113; awarpe)> rel. II. 210 (P. L. s. xxxil 
2) ; awurpen {pret.) Mat. xxi. 39 ; aworpen 
(pple.) A. R. 278. 

awer-mdd,sb., f pride, (»w. awwermod) Orm. 
4720. 

a-westen, v., O.E. awestan; lay waste; 
awestetS {pres.) hom. I. 13; aw^ste {pret.) 
LA3.6452 ; awdst {pple.) Laj. 2149. 

a-wiht» pron., O.E. awiht, auht, aht, = O.H.G. 
eowiht; aught, anything, HOM. I. 103; )>at 
he . . . him awiht hafde ki)>ed Orm. 16979 ; 
j?at miht oht {ms. ohht) angren o))re 432; 
5if heo wes awiht hende LA3. 7027 ; }»at 
aevere aht cu^ [>er on 11 986 ; fe heom oht 
lufeden 25346 ; eawiht hom. I. 3 ; owiht, out 
[eawicht] A. R. 88, 124; aujt Langl. 
(Wr.) 3331; aught RiCH. 2460; a^t ayenb. 
194; Shor. 95; eawt Kath. 1193; ouht, 
03t o. & N. 662 ; oujt, out Will. 952, 
1823; Trev. III. 39 ; oht SPEC 71; ojt 
Horn (L.) 976 ; Bek. 1422 ; ogt gen. & 
EX. 1793 ; am ioght that shreu Townl. i8a 

a-wildeiiy v., O.E. awildian ; grow wild, a. r. 
176*. 

[a-wildgen], a-wile^en, v., =awilden ; grow 
wild; bewilder, dazzle, A. R. 176 ; hwit 
awilege^ J)e eien 282. 

a-winnen, v., O.E. awinnan, = O.H.G. ar- 
winnan ; win, acquire, LA3. 18761 ; Horn 
(L.) 1071 ; awinne Fl. & Bl. 132; P. l. s. 
xvii. 99 ; AYENB. 85 ; REL. II. 243 ; s. S. (Web.) 
1822 ; awonne {pple.) Laj. 605*. 

a-witen, v., know; watch over; awiste 
{pret.) Laj. 27264 ; awuste hom. I. 288. 

a-wl&teziy v., disgust ; awl&ted {pple) Rob. 
485. 

a-wlencheiiy v., make splendid; awlencS 
{printed awlene^) hire mid clones REL. 
I. 129 (hom. II. 163). 

awnen, y.,=M.H.G. ougenen; show; {ms. 
awwnenn) Orm. 979 ; & sone an an se fis 
was faer )>urh godes engles awned 3385. 

a-wrfitSien, v., become wroth : ne noht sogjad 
)>at hit ne awr5))e)> o. & N. 1278 ; awr&ooed 
{pple.) Laj. 24834. 

a-wreochen, v., pull out : & habbe^ al mi 
kinelond awr»ht {pres.) ut of mire bond La^. 
15435 » whan J)e limes bee)> awrei^t {^dislo- 
cantur') out of here oune i^ces Trev. II. 
181. 

a-wrdken, v., O.E. awrecan, - O.H.G. 
errechan; reject; avenge: fat ilke )>at Howel 



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a-writdii. 



bacin. 



39 



baJ(^ ispeken ne seal hit nsL man awreken 
Lki. 25194 ; awreken sunne A. R. 334 ; awreke 
AYENB. 9 ; Rich. 1771 ; he mihte . . . ful sone 
bine awreke Misc 44 ; awreo {imper.) ))e nu 
on me R. s. ii. (misc 162); awrdo {pret.) 
A. R. 334 ; awT6ken (pp/e.) Trist. 3446 ; 
awreke O. & N. 263 ; awreke ROB. 142 ; 
AL1S.2519; he wolde ben awreke Fer. 1821 ; 
awreken, awroken Ch. C. t. A 3752, 7^784 ; 
awroke Langl. Bv\. 204. 
a-wiiten, v., OJE. awrTtan ; write out ; awrit 
ipres) FRAG. 2 ; awr&t {pret,) HOM. I. 13; 
awriten (pple.) frag. 7; hit is awriten on 
bokcnHOBd. I. 113. 

a-wimdrien^ v., 0,E, awundrian ; amage^ sur- 
prise: seint Gregorie awundre^ him A. R. 
146; awundrede {pret.) Kath. 312 ; awon- 
drede Misc. 32 ; awundred (ppie.) La^. 
15972 ; awmidred Kath. 1249 ; awondred 
Fer. 3197 ; Will. 872 ; of mi tale ne beoj) 
noght awondred Halliw. 123. 

a-worien, v., O.E. awyrgan, = O.H,G. er- 
wurgen ; worry ^ choke^ devour ; awirien PL. 
CR. 662 ; )ie vox awurie'S al ennc floe A. R. 
202; awurie)) (f printed 2iW2iX\tY) MISC 149; 
awuried (pple.) A. R. 252. 

ft-wnrSen, v., O.E. aweor^an, - O.H.G, 
erwerdan; turn (into); come to nothing \ 
aworSeS (Pres,) A. R. 200; to blisse nit 
awurSe (sudj,) LA3. 25580 (sec, text has 
teome). 

a-wiirSieiiy v., 0.E, aweoi¥ian ; honour ; a- 
worSeda (pret,) LA5. 9529. 

ax, aze, see Bax. axe, see asohe. 

axe, axen, -ere, see aske, ete. 

[axel, sb., OJ^^. 6xull ; axle,] 
azel-tre, sb., O.N, oxultre ; axle-tree^ c M. 
21268 ; axille tre Mand. 181 ; axiltre PR. P. 
20 ; exiltre voc 278. 

axes, see aoces. 

axien, see aakien. 

b. 
b§, see be^en. 

ba, v., kissy Ch. C. t. 2^433. 
baban, sb., infant^ A. R. 234. 

b4be, sb., cf. Swed. babe (Ihre) ; babe, Gow. 
1. 344 ; H. V. I ; LUD. Gov. 84 ; bab Townl. 

babel, sb., baubUy p. s. 335 ; Gow. III. 224; 
babul, babil * librilla ' PR. P. 20. 

babelaTante, sb., fjester^ Chest. II. 34. 

babenriy sb., ?=sbabwinerie; grotesque 
absurdity^ baberi D. TROY 1 563 ; babeuwries 
^. r. babeuries, rabewiures] Ch. h. f. 1189. 

babi, sb., baby^ Langl. ^xvii. 95; babies 
{pi.) Gow. I. 268. 

babir-lippicU adj., large lipped^ ^ labrosusy 
PR. P. 20 ; baberlipped Langl. B v. 190. 



babisohen, v., O.Fr, baubiss-, baubir ; scoff 
at; babished (pret.) Townl. jZ. 
bablen, v.y^Ger. babehi, Dan. bable; bab- 
ble ; babelinde (pple.) a. r. 100 ; bablede 
(pret.) Langl. -4 v. 8 (Wr. 2487). 
babuin, babewin, sb., O.Fr. babuin; baboon, 
PR. p. 20; babewlnes (pi.) Mand. 210; 
baboines A. p. iu 1409. 

babwinrie, sb., cf, Fr. babouinerie; from 
babouin (baboon) ; grotesque ornamentation^ 
WiCL. E. w. 8. 
bao, adv., backy MISC. 228. 
bao, sb., O.E. ba2e,-aZ.(7. bae, O.N. bak 
n.y O.Fris. bek m.; back, a. r. 290; Hav. 
5j6 ; )>e deor feol a bac (aback) LA3. 6493 ; teh 
hine a bae ward 20086 ; a bac Treat. 134; 
bac & side Orm. 4776; sant Johan droh 
him o bach 10656 ; bak Man. (H.) 133 ; 
Tor. 2590 ; have he turned )je bak P. s. 339 ; 
on bak ant. Arth. xlv ; a bak O. & 
N. 877 ; Jos. 496; Rich. 4716 ; lud. Cov. 
211; baech Lk. ix. 62; a bak (bakclo)>?) 
to walken in Ch. C. t. (7 881; a bee hom. 
I. 239 ; bake (dot) H. H. 54 ; bakkes (pi) 
clothesy Langl. B x. 362 ; and alle his bakkes 
rente Will. 2096. 

bao-biten, v., bcukbite ; bacbite MiRC 1267 ; 
bakbite Langl. B ii. 80 ; bacbite (pple.) 
P. S. 157. 

bao-bitere, sb., Swed, bakbltare (Rietz) ; 
backbitery R. S. vii ; WiCL. lev. xix. 16 ; 
bacbitare A. R. 82. 

bao-bitunge, sb., backbitingy hom. 1. 205 ; 
A. R. 82 ; bakbitinge Langl. Bv. 130. 
bac-bdn, sh.y = Swed. bakben; backboncy 
VOC. 146 ; bakbon L. H. R. 190. 
bak-ol5]>e8, sb. pi., clothes, Langl. Bx. 
362*. 

bao-dtbit, sb., blow on the back, A. R. 
290. 

bac-half; sb., farther sidey WiCL. gen. xix. 
6 ; bakhalf Ch. astr. i. 4 (4). 
bak-side, sh.y^ Swed, bakslda; backy Ch. 
astr. i. 15 (8). 

bao-ward, adv., backwardy Man. (F.) 5052 ; 
bakward B. DISC. 1637 ; Ch. C. t. -<4 4281. 
bao-warde, sb., rear-guard, LA3. 23814. 
bak^water, sb., backwater, Trev. I. 57. 
baoohe, sb.y= Swed. bak n.y batchy baking; 
bahche, batche (? bacche) *pistura * PR. p. 21. 
baoh, see bsBoh. 

bachelor, sb., O.Fr. bacheler; bachelory Rob. 
30 ; bacheler, bacheleer Ch. C. t. ^ 80 ; 
whe))er he be knijt or bachiler Will. 840. 

bachelerie, sb., OjFr. bachelerie ; the body of 

bachelors, state of a bachelor, RoB. 76, 191 ; 

Ch. C. t. E 270. 
bacin, sb., O.Fr. bacin ; basin, Fl. & Bl. 563 ; 

Shor. 51; s. s. (Web.) 2242; Rich. 2557; 

basin ^ pelvis^ voa 178; Aus. 2333; JOS. 



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40 



baoinei. 



bailL 



697; basins (//.) of bras P. S. 189; bascins 

Mark. 9. 
baoinet, basinet, sb., 0,Fr. bacinet (bassinet) ; 

helmeti RICH. 403, 5266. 
baoke, sb., « Dan, (aften)bakke ; bat^ WiCL. 

LEV. xi. 19; bakke ^vespertilio^ PR. P. 21 ; 

LiDG. M. P. 152. 
baoken, v., from bao; clothe \ bakken [bak] 

Langl. ^xi. 185. 
bacon, baootm, sb., 0,Fr. bacon [M,Du,y 

MX.G. bake, 0,H.G, bacho ace, bachun] ; 

bacon^ Langl. By, 194; Ch. C. t. Z>i753; 

bacun ^petaso^ PR. P. 20 ; baoouns (//.) Fer. 

2696. 
baddOy sb., fcat\ baddis \y, r, badde^] Alex. 

1763. 
badde, adj., body Will. 5024; Aus. 21 18; 

s. s. (Web.) 643 ; Trev. VII. 343 ; Ch. C. t. 

£1608 ; our bijete was badde REL. II. 242 ; 

bis badde king RoB. 108 ; two badde prestes 

Langl. ^ x. 281 ; baddere {compar,) Ch. C. 

T. -F224. 

badde-liobey adv., badlyy Rob. 566. 
baddenesse, sb., badness^ Langl. B xii. 49. 
b&de, sh,,^ M.H.G. beit /; from biden; 

dwellings delay ^ Trist. 345 ; bode HOM. II. 

185 ; bade (dat,) c. M. 7399 ; Perc. 41 ; 

bode Flor. 374 ; Ch. An. 119 ; boute bod(e) 

Will. 149 ; comp, a-bftd. 
bftdien, w.,^M,L.G. beiden, 0,H,G, beiton; 

wait : badien ]>e king wolde )>at his folc come 

Laj. 25649. 
bsach, sb., valley y La^. 2596 ; bAobOy bache 

(dat^ 757, 5644; over baches and hulles 

Langl. Cviii. 159; baoohen. (//a/. ^/.) LA3. 

21776; r^A^/. oou-baohe. 
bSBften, see biaften. 
b»l, bftl, sb.,aJE'.bal,C7JV; bal, mod,Eng,\^?X^ 

(-fire) ; funeral pile, bonfire \ bael LA5. 17130 ; 

bal Wr.DICT. 153 J b&le (dat,) M. H. 169; in 

a bale of fiir PL. CR. 667. 
b&len, v., = OJV. baela; bum\ bolne & bele 

A. P. i. 18. 
[bsdlien, v., 0,E. (a)baeligan, bylgan, from 

bel^en ; comp, a-balien.] 
bsere, sb., 0,E, \>^x,--0,L,G,,0,H.G, bara, 

OJFris, here ifrom beren ; btery 'feretrum,* 

FRAG. 4; ORi!f:8i67; baere [here] LA5. 19481 ; 

bere VOC. 193 ; Misc. loi ; GEN. & EX. 2481 ; 

Fl. & Bl. 14 ; Bek. 899 ; P. l. s. xvii. 196 ; 

GOW. III. 263; LiDG. M. P. 34 ; ANT. ARTH. 

xiv; TowNL, 232; bere, beere CH. C. T. 
A 2900 ; beere PR. P. 32 ; b§ren [beres] (pi.) 
LA3. 27876 ; comp, hors-b§re. 

bdr-disoy sb.,'^0,£, baerdisc; ^ferculumi 
FRAG. 4. 

ber-lepy sb., basket^ WiCL. Mk. viii. in SEL. 
W. 1. 17. 

bte-man, sb., 0,E, barman; porter, LA3. 
3317; Hav. 868. 



bsdrm, see bearm. 

bsam, see beam. b»men, see brennen. 

b8Bwen» V. ? = M,H,G, been (fovere) ; foment : 

to clensen & to baewen Orm. 15153 ; b»wej> 

(pres,) Orm. 197 19. 
baffen, v., beat, strike : apon )>air brestes fast 

j>ai beft M. H. xviii ; beft (pple,) Golag. & 

Gaw. 870. 
baffln, v., = Du. baflfen, Ger, baffen ; bark, 

* latroy^ PR. P. 20. 
bafELng, sb., barking, P. P. II. 53; baflfinge 

PR. P. 20. 

baften» see bi-adften. 
bagage, sb., 0,Fr, bagage; luggage, p. r. l, P. 

18; baggage dream ioi. 
bagge, sb., cf 0,N, baggi m, (pakke, bylt, 

Fritzn.) ; bag, ^sacculus^ PR. P. 21 ; trans. 

XVIII. 28 ; Trev. I. 257 ; pl. cr. 223 ; h. s. 

501 ; beren bagge on bac A. r. 168 ; a bagge 

ftil of eiren P. L. s. xii. 57 ; a beggeres bagge 

Langl. B xiv. 248 ; baggen (//.) & packes 

A. R. 168 ; bagges P. S. 150. 
bagge-fUl, sb., bagful, P. L. S. xii. 57. 
bagge-pipe, sb., bagpipe, VR, P. 21 ; CH. C. 

T. A 565. 
bagge, bage, sb., badge, pr. p. 20 ; bagges 

(pl,) Halliw. 132; bages Alex. 4180. 
baggen, v., squint, look away : bat baggeth (?) 

foule Ch. d. Bl. 623 ; fat ^i fcaggen (?) not 

J)er fro WiCL. S. w. I. 191. 
bagging-li, adv., with a side glance, R. R. 

292. 

baggin, v., become baggy, * tumeo^ PR. p. 21. 
bagged, pple., pregnant \ J>e mere was 

bagged wif fole Perc. 717. 
bSjgbel, sb., OM, bagall, from Lat, baculus ; 

bishofs crosier, P. s. 307. 
bai, adj., 0,Fr, bai, Ital, baio, Lai, badius; 

bay (colour),\QH, C. T. ^ 2157 ; B. DISC. 1044. 
bai, sb., ?=abai ; bay, bark, Gaw. 1582. 
bai, sb. ? = 0,N, bagr ; * obstaculum^ PR. p. 21. 
baiard, sb., 0,Fr. baiart ; bayard, bay horse, 

Ch. C. t. -44115. 
baie, sb.,=abai, barking; holding at bay: 

bai of bor Alis. 200 ; l^tis baie lud. Cov. 

180; baie Will. 35. 
baie, sb., Fr, baie, Ital, baia ; bay (of the sea), 

Trev. I. 57 ; bai (opening in a wall) A. p. ii. 

1352; Pall. ii. 198. 
baie, sb., Fr, baie ; berry ; bai * bacca * PR. P. 

21 ; baies (pl,) Pall. ii. 414. 

bai-tre, sb., bay- tree, voc 181. 
baiin, v., 0,Fr. baier ; bay, bark at, PR. P. 21 ; 

baie Egl. 286 ; baien (pres,) Gaw. 1909. 
baile, baili, sb., 0,Fr. bailie (barrihre, porte 

avancie) ; bailey, c M. 10023 ; ball A. P. i. 

1082 ; wem put ... in baile (prison) Fer. 

121 1 ; bailee (pl.) c. L. 687. 
baili, sb., 0,Fr. baili ; bailiff, Will. 5387 ; c 



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baiU. 



hUe. 



41 



M. 11195 ; bailif Rob. 499; baillif Ch. C. t. 

A 60s ; ballift (pi,) ayenb. 122. 
baU-Bchepe, sb., office of bailiff, * balliaius^ 

PR. P. 22 ; baiUiship WlCL. S. w. I. 22. 
baillie, sb., 0»Fr. baillie ^jurisdiction^ admin- 

istration^ Bek. 202 ; P. L. S. xxiv. 78 ; Alis. 

7532 ; R. R. 4302 ; Man. (F.) 5243 ; bailie 

JARB. XIII. 166 ; bailies (//.) ayenb. 26. 
bain, adj., 0.N, beinn, prov, Eng, bain; 

direct, prompt, Trist. 708 ; Iw. 766 ; Gaw. 

1092; Amad. (R.) xlvii; AY. Arth. Iviii ; 

TowNL. 28; LUD. Cov. 173; bein Amad. 

OVeb.) 514 ; beane Chest. I. 50 ; beaine II. 

181 ; comp. tm-bain. 
bainedy adj., burst ; bainid, as benis or pesin, 

^Jresus,* PR. p. 21. 
baiak, adj., O.N, beiskr ; Aarsk, Wr. dict. 152; 

bejsc Orm. 6698 ; bask WiCL. s. w. III. 42. 
baiament, sb., = abashment ;/<rar, a. p. i. 1 74. 
baiflsen, v.,*=abassen; abasA, be abashed; 

basahede (pret.) WiCL. Jos. ii. 11; baist 

(pret,) Gaw. 376; baiste (pple.) D. Arth. 

2856; basschede 2121. 
baite, sb., OJ^. beita ; from biten ; bait, food, 

CM. 16931 ; Gow. 1. 310 ; beite Halliw. 172; 

bdt LiDG. M. P. 218. 
baiten, v., O JV. beita, = 0,H,G, beizen ; bait, 

make to bite\ if knight let his eien baiten 

(feast) on ani woman Ch. Tro. i. 192 ; baite 

Will. 1723; Tor. 1566; beiton ^commor- 

deo* PR. p. 29; fe here beite Hay. 1840; 

wilde bueres bete A. D. 237 ; J)e5 dursten beaten 

(punish) men for ae))elike gilte Orm. 101 71 ; 

baite (pres. subj.) M and. 243 ; baited (pp/e,) 

A. p. ii. 55 ; comp, a-baiten. 
baiting, sb., OJV. beiting; baiting, Alis. 

199; beitinge PR. P. 29. 
bailTen, v., O.N. bei^a; f make to obtain ; i shal 

baij>en }n bone Gaw. 327; I baij)e hit 50W 

neuer to grante 1840; fat bai()»)e)» me,mi bone 

SPEC. 27. 
bak, see bao. 
biken, v., 0,E, bacan,= 0,N, baka, 0,H,G, 

pachan, bachan ; bctke ; bakin, bake PR. P. 21 ; 

bake Ch. C. t. A 384; b^Ucest (pres,) Orm. 

1566; book (fret,) WiCL. Is. xliv. 19; P. R. 

L. P. 191 ; boke REL. I. 83 ; bdken (pple,) 

Rich. 3613 ; baken Orm. 993 ; bakin, bake 

PR. P. 21 ; bake mete Ch. C. t. A 343 ; ibake 

Langl. ^ vL 285 ; LiDG. M. p. 85 ; tiles wel 

ibake Ch. l. g. w. 709. 

bttere, sb., 0,E. baecere,=0.7V. bakari; 

baker, voa 176; E. G. 354; b^kares (pi,) 

MISC. 189; bakers Langl. A iii. 70. 

bakestre, sb., 0,E. baecestre (fern,) ; baker, 

*pistor,* frag. 4; baxtere Halliw. 152; 

bakesteres (//.) Langl. B iii. 79. 
bak-em, sb., 0,E, baecem ; bakehouse, ^pis- 

triniim,* frag. 4 (YOC. 93). 

bak-hoQS, sb., OJS, baechus, = M,H,G, \ 



bach-, bachiis ; bakehouse, ^pistrina^ PR. P. 

21 ; bachous ^ pistrinum ' YOC. 204 ; E. w. 73. 

b^lkiiige, sb., becking, ^pistura^ PR. P. 21. 

bal, sb., 0,N, bollr, = M,H,G, bal, gen, 

balles; bcUl, treat. 137; Trey. III. 425; 

s. s. (Wr.) 2066 ; Rich. 4506 ; (balle ?) Ch. 

C. T. -^42614; j>ane little bal ayenb. 179; 

balle (dot) treat. 134 ; balles (pi) La^. 

17443; Ans. 6481. 

bal-pleiere, sb., ball player, PR. P. 22. 
bal-pleowe, sb., bcdl-piay, a. r. 218. 
b&ly see bdL 

bal&de, sb., 0,Fr. balade; ballad, Gow. 1. 133. 
balan, sb., / 0,Fr, balin ; a strong stuff made 

of tow, Alex. 4851. 
balance, sb., 0,Fr, balance; balance, Rob. 

200; ayenb. 30; belaunce Will. 948. 
bald, balden, see beald, bealden. 
baldemoin, sb., gentian, Gow. I. 99 ; PR. P. 

22. 
bdle, sb., 0,Fr, bale ; bale, * bulga,* PR. P. 22 ; 

A. p. iii. 157 ; bdles (pi,) Fer. 4202. 
b41e, adj., 0,E, bealu, - Goth, ♦balws ; baleful, 

evil, pernicious, MiRC 1383; bale drinch hom. 

1.283; wi^ se bale bere Kath. 2370; bale 

deef Langl. A xviii. 35 ; bale stour A. P. iii. 

426 ; bale biemez D. Arth. 1483. 
bdle, balu, bsBlu, sb., 0,E, bealu, bealo, » 

0,L,G, balu, O.H,G, balo, 0,N, bol n,; baU, 

destruction, calamity, Laj. 1455, 2597, 1 95 19 ; 

fat baleu MISC. 42 ; & tet beali [bali] blencte 
UL. 72, 73 ; bale H. M. 3 ; gen. & ex. 68, 
1984 : Hay. 327 ; spec. 26 ; s. s. (Web.) 702 ; 
Will. 75 ; Langl. -ff xviii. 200; Gaw. 2419; 
Iw. 3062 ; PR. c 6465; Amad. (R.) iv ; hwone 
fe bale is aire hecst J)onne is ))e bote aire 
necst o. & N. 687, 699 ; balewes (gen) Misc. 
97; balewe, bad we, baluwe (dat.) Laj. 310, 
1618, 27065; balewe [bale] Kath. 551 ; al \\ 
blisse to balewe [bale] schal iwurben rel. I. 
183, 185 (MISC. 126, 127) ; after bale comej) 
bote Fl. & Bl. 821 ; J>at is falle bale leche Al. 
(T.) 179 ; baluwen (gen, pi) LA3. 9685 ; 
balewen (dat, pi) frag. 5. 

bale-band P sb., cruel bond: balebondes 
(pi) (?bale bondes) Marh. 13. 

bale-dunt f sb., mortal blow^ baliduntes 
hom. I. 281. 

balu-feht, sb., mortal fight, La^. 5943. 

balu-ful, adj., 0,E, bealofull ; baleful, Laj. 
24938; hom. I. 215; baluh-, baleful A. R. 
114. 

bale-Idas, adj., 0,E, beahileas; innocent \ 
balelez A. P. iij. 227. 

balu-rsBs [baloureas], sb., La^. 25936. 

baluh-idS, sb., 0,E, bealusi^; evil fate, 
hom. I. 200 ; balesi^ Marh. 23 ; to his bale- 
si^ LA3. 567 ; balesij?es (//.) REL. I. 179. 

bale-stour, sb., death struggles bed me 
bUive nii balestour A. P. iiL 425. 



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42 



bale. 



banerere. 



bffilu-^as/adj., 0,N, bfilviss {ms, baeliwis) ; 

wicked, balejul^ La^. 17130. 
baleiy sb., 0,Fr. balai; baleis (^pl)y rods, 

Shor. 47 ; Langl. a x. 176. 
baleisen, y>,flog with rods ; baleised {prei,) 

Langl. ^v. 175. 
balene, sb., 0,Fr. baleine, Lat, balaena; 

whale, voc. 222 ; baleines (//.) Trev. II. 13. 
bales, sb., 0,Fr, balais ; balas, ruby, CT. love 

78 ; balas quair 46. 
bal5, adj., flat-topped : balwe ^planus ' PR. P. 

22 ; a bal3 bei3 Gaw. 2172 ; his bal3e haunchez 

2032, 

baliy see bell, 
balinger, sb., A,Fr, balenger, = O.Fr, ba- 

leinier (whale-ship) ; a sea-going vessel ; 

balingera (//.) N. E. D. 
baliste, sb., Lat, ballista; balistis (//.) WiCL. 

I Macc. vi. 20. 
balke, sb., 0.E, balca, = 0,Fris, balka, O.L.G, 

balco, 0,H,G. balco, balcho, 0.N, bjalki ; balk, 

beam; ridge in a field ; ^trabs,porcaJ "^^^v, 

21, 22; Ch. C. t. a 3920; TOWNL. 99 ; LUD. 

Cov. 343; balkea (pi) Urefs' voc. 170; 

Langl. A vi. 109. 
balkin, v., = Swed, balka ; balk, plough awry, 

^ porco^ PR. p. 22 ; but so wel halt no man 

)>e plogh fat he ne balke]> oJ)er while Gow. 

1.296. 
ballardy sb., baldheaded man, TfLEV. I. 241 ; 

WiCL. 4 kings ii. 23. 
baUe, sb., = M.H.G. balle ; ball, ' pila; voc. 

240 ; OCTAV. (H.) 1272 ; c. M. 16788 ; see bal. 
balled, adj., bald, Trev. 1. 283 ; Langl. B xx. 

183 ; Ch. C. t. A 198 ; ballid Ualvus ' PR. p. 

22 ; WiCL. LEV. xiii. 41 ; ballid and bar was 

))e reson dep. R. iv. 70. 
balled cote, sb., bald coot, ' blarie^ voc 165. 
balledneBsey sb., baldness, Rob. 482* ; rel. 

II. 56; ballidnesse ^calvities' PR. P. 22. 
ballen, v., 0,Fr. bailer, baler ; dance ; bale c. 

M. 13139. 
balloky sb., 0,E. bealluc, proving, ballock ; 

^ testiciilus,' voc. 208; baUokes (pL) Mand. 

162 ; WiCL. lev. xxii. 24. 
ballok-ood, sb., scrotum, VOC. 208. 
ballok-knif, sb., knife with two knobs on the 

handle, Langl. -ff xv. 151. 
ballok-stdn, sb., ^genitale,^ voc 208. 
bealloo-wirt, sb., orchis, leechd. III. 313. 
balinixly see baamen. balsme, see basme. 
baltren, v., » Dan, baltre ; stumble about \ 

balteres (pres,) a. P. iii. 459 ; baltirde (pret.) 

D. Arth. 782. 

balu, see bale, bame, see basmey -en. 
ban, sb., 0,E. bann, = 0,N, bann, 0,L,G,, 

0,H,G. ban, O.Fris, ban, bon ; ban, edict : 

(h)is ban aboute he sende Rob. 187 ; er )>e ]>e 

ba^ es igred Shor. 71 ; lat crie }>e ban porgh 



j)e toun E. G. 359 ; banne (dat.) a. p. ii. 95 ; 
ich fohi ))an ahte manne and fleo bi nihte in 
heore banne o. & N. 390 ; comp. ^e-ban. 
ban, sb., 0,E. ban, « O.L,G,, O.Fris. ben, 
OJ/.G., O.N. bein ; bone, LA5. 7559 ; HOM. I. 
253 ; Kath. 232 ; Trist. 274 ; bon ROB. 126; 
boon Wicl. gen. xxbc. 14 ; ban, banes [bones] 
(pi.) Laj. 1603, 1875 ; bon frag. 6 ; O. & N. 
1 120 ; Misc 54 ; CHR. E. 417 ; bone REL. I. 
120; banes Kath. 2517; Iw. 2052; bones 
A. R. 350 ; buones ayenb. 148 ; b&nen (dat. 
pi.) LA3. 29562 ; comp. bac-, ohSak-, bfifil-, 
lend-, 8ohin-bftn(-bdn). 

bftn-Hr, sb. (ms, banefyre), bonfire, * ignis 
ossium,^ CATH. 20. 

bftn-les, adj., O.E. banleas; boneless, Kath. 
251. 

bon-schawe, sb., sciatica, PR. P. 44. 

bftn-wort, sb., O.E. banwyrt, = J/.-^.6^.bein- 
wurz (senecio) ; bonewort (name of many dis- 
tinct plants) ; ^osmunda* voc (W.W.) 556; 
bon wort or daisie MS, in PR. P. 52. 

band, sb.,- az:.6^., O.Fris., O.N, band, O.H. 
G. pant, band n.j band (bond), Iw. 2394; 
Degr. 869; TOWNL.219; irene band Orm. 
1 982 1 ; bond * vinculum, ligamen ' PR. P. 43 ; 
CL. M. 72 ; * instita ' VOC 182 ; Uaqueus * Bek. 
1099; Tor. 318; ^foedus* Wicl. gen. xiv. 
13 ; Man. (F.) 2851 ; hwo so brekis this bond 
AUD. II ; and gat of hem J>e band [bond] 
(obligation) Ch. C. T. ^1558; })e bond 
)>at hijte matrimoine ^3094; bande (pi.) 
Sax. CHR. 254; bonde ^vincula* voc 180; 
SPEC 58 ; ¥or (h)ise fon he leide in bonde 
GEN. & EX. 2693 ; bandes PR. c 3209 ; stepes 
bandes Orm. 2971 ; bondes ^bandeaus* rel. 
11.83; Marh. 13; Hav. 538; iren bondes 
Mand. 163 ; les me out of bonde spec. 29. 
band-dogge, sb., fbanddog, VOC 187 : bond- 
dogge * molosus ' PR. P. 43. 

bande, see bounde. 

bandon, sb., O.Fr. bandon ; disposition, dis- 
cretion, R. R. 1 163; bandim, baundun A. R. 
338 ; ich am in hire baundoun spec 27 ; see 
abandtuL 

bdne, sb.,= O.E. bana, bona, O.Fris, bona, 
0,L,G, bano, O.H,G. pano, M.Du. bane, O.N. 
bani m. (interfector) ; bane, destroyer, destruc- 
tion, ^exitium,* PR. p. 22 ; HOM. 1. 243 ; REL. 
I. 219 (MISC 15) ; Ch. C. t. A 1097; Man. 
(F.) 8330; Tor. 1691 ; he slou? his fader 
ban(e) Trist. 901 ; bane, bone KATH. 2397 ; 
Marh. 13 ; he wes moni ennes monnes bone 
[bane] Laj. 7554; bone A. R. 222; Perc 1338; 
comp, hen-bane. 

bfinen, Sidy,^M.I/.G. beinin; made of bone ; 
wi)> bonene wal rel. I. 112. 

banere, sb., O.Fr. banere, baniere; banner, 
A. R. 300 ; baner RoB. 167 ; Ch. C. t. ^ 966 ; 
Man. (F.) 8445. 

banerere, sb., 0,Fr, banerier; standard 



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baneret. 



bareL 



43 



hearer^ C M. 12703; banerrere OCTOV. (W.) 
1604. 

banerety sb., O.Fr. baneret ; banneret^ Degr. 
1017 ; banerets (//.) Rob. 551. 

banertr, sb., OJFr, baneor ; standard-bearer^ 
Rob. 361 ; baneur, baniour c. M. 12723 ; 
banier, baneour Lamgl. B xv. 428 ; baniour 
Trev. II. 215. 

baniflohin, v., OJ^r. baniss- ; banish^ pr. p. 
23 ; banished (fpU.) Ch. C. t. A 1725. 

bailk, sb.,= O.Fris. bank, bonk m,^ 0,H,G. 
banch, panch m, /., 0,N, bakki m.; bank 
(mound, shore) j bench; ^ripa, voc. 239 ; PR. 
P. 23; bank scamnum lud. Cov. 170; bonk 
Gaw. 700 ; bonk (mound) A. P. i. 102 ; baxike 
(dat^ Langl. a prol. 8 ; upon )>e see bonke 
Gaw. 1. 165 ; bonke Will. 2718 ; stod uppen 
ane boncke {sec, text benche) La^. 251S5 ; 
bankes (pL) Trev. II. 27 ; Isum. 169 ; Jnirh 
bankcs & furh graefes Orm. 9210. 

banker y sb., f 0,Fr. banquier; clothe or carpet , 

for a benchy PR. P. 23 ; bankers (//.) ant. 
Arth. XXXV. 

bannen, v., O^, bannan, bonnan (pret, beon, 
ppie, gebonnen), « 0,H,G, bannan, 0,Fris, 
l^na, bonna (jiret, ben, bante, pple, bannen), 
OJN^. banna (pret, banna^a) ; ban^ proclaim^ 
summon y curse ; bannen, bonnien [banni] LA3. 
7952, 8054, 19907; bannin, ^maledico, exse- 
crol PR. p. 23; banne rel. I. 177; Will. 
476 ; Fer. 5424 ; Langl. -<4 L 60 ; i banne )>e 
birde \dX me bar ant. Arth. vii ; bannede 
(/r.f/.) gen. & EX.3213; banned Perc. 2123; 
M>nnede [bannede] his ferde LA5.1763 ; bonne- 
den helmes 22288 ; comp. for-, ^e-bannen. 

banne-notey sh.y= proving, bannut; ival- 
w/, voc. 181. 

bantel, sb., f pillar \ bantelea (pi.) a. p. i. 
991 : bantels i. 1016 ; bantelles ii. 1459. 

baptesme, baptismey sb., 0,Fr, baptesme ; 
baptism^ Langl. Btsx, II 9, Cxiii. 58 ; baptim 
WiCL. Eph. iv. 5 ; baptem A. P. i. 626. 

baptiaen, v., Fr. baptiser; baptise \ baptize 
Rob. 86 ; J>aptlsed (pple.) Jos. 686. 
baptizing, sb., action of baptism^ Rob. 86 ; 
CM. 171, 

baptiste, sb., Fr, baptiste ; baptist y a. r. 160. 

baptiste, sb., baptismy B. DISC. 212. 

baptize, baptis, sb., baptismy c. M. 12754; 
baptise b. disc 1360. 

bar, sb., 0,Fr. bar ; = baron, Rob. 544. 

bar, adj., adv. & sb., 0,E. baer, = J/.Z>//. baer, 
0,H.G, bar, par, 0,N, berr ; barCy nakedy un- 
armed, mere, Brd. 24; Iw. ?47o; J>at heo 
mi5t(e) of J>e hexte men fat lond make bar 
Rob, 125 ; bare [bar] LA3. 3420; bare spec. 
So; be bare O. & N. 56 ; bare eoi^e & chos to 
bedae hom. II. 139; beaten hire beare bodi 
Jul. 27 ; for one bare sunne P. L. s. viii. 105 ; 
mid one bare worde O. & N. 547 ; be^ . . . bare 
of euch blisse Kath. 847 ; outtaken bare 



(adv^ two A. P. ii. 1573; on hire bare foten 
Laj. 4997 ; comp, )>x%d-bare. 

bar-^t, adj., 0.E, baerfot, « 0,Fris, berfot, 
M,H,G. barvuoz ; barefoot, LA5. 8843 ; Hav. 
862; Orf. 226; M. H.90; barfoot LUD. Cov. 
59 ; barvot A. R. 420. 

bar-heved, adj., »= M,H,G, barhoubet ; bare- 
headedy Man. (F.) 3252 ; barbed s. & C. II. 
xvii ; bareheed WiCL. lev. xiii. 45. 

bar-legged, adj., bare-leggedy Will. 2767. 

bare-li, adv., barely, plainly, Gaw. 548 ; 
MiN. iii. 38. 

barenesse, sb., bareness, ' nuditasj PR. P. 24. 

bare- vis, adv., with uncovered face ; Man. 
(H.) 122. 
bar, sb., O.E. b§r,=J/.Z.a ber, OM.G, ber, 
per; boar', bar, bor LA3. 7503 (miswritten 
baer 1697) ; bare Iw. 241 ; Degr. 43 ; av. 
Arth. lii ; bor a. r. 280 ; Hav. 1867 ; Rob. 
132; AYENB. 69; Will. 203; boor Mand. 
238 ; boor, bore Langl. ^xi. 333 ; bore p. s. 
151 ; bftres (gen) LA3. 30391 ; bores (pi) 
Hav. 2331 ; bores, boores Ch. C. t. A 1658. 

bor-sper, sb., 0,E, barspere; boar-spear, 
' vena{bul)umy frag. 2. 
barain, adj., 0,Fr, baraigne ; barren, a. r. 158 ; 
baraine Gaw. 1320 ; barein Ch. C. t. A 1977. 
baratour , sb., O.Fr, barateor (swindler) ; guar- 
relsome persony rioter, PR. P. 115; champion, 
Perc. 263. 
barbar, sb., Gr, fidpfiapos ; barbarian^ WiCL. i 
Cor. xiv. II ; barbre Ch. C. t. ^281 ; bar- 
baris (pi) WiCL. deeds xxviii. i. 
barbe, sb., O.Fr, barbe ; barb (of an arrow) ; 
sort of veil used by women ; P. L. s. xxxi. 350 ; 
Gaw. 1457,2310. 

barberi, sb., O.Fr, berberis ; barberry, PR. p. 
23 ; barbere AV. Arth. vi. 

barbet, sb., Fr, barbette ; sort of veil, p. s. 

154. 
barbican, sb., 0,Fr, barbacane; barbican, 

outwork to a fortress, * antemurale,^ PR. P. 23 ; 

Alis. 1591 ; Gaw. 793 ; barbecan Fl. & Bl. 

244. 
barbour, sb., O.Fr, barbeor; barber, S. S. 

(Web.) 1874; Trev. IV. 285; Ch. Q.t,A 

2025. 

barbre, see barbar. 
bare, see bar and barewe. 
bare, sb., 0,N, bara, = O.E, baere, M.Du, 

baere, cf, mod,Eng, bore (tidal wave) ; wave, 

M. H. 135 ; Trist. 356 ; cf. bere. 
bare;, see bar;. 

bareinesse, s\i.,barrenness,V^iCL, GEN.xxvi. i. 
bareinte, sb., barrenness,^ sterilitas,* PR. P. 24; 

WiCL. GEN. xxvi. I. 
barel, sb., 0,Fr, bareil ; barrel, * cadus, voc. 

176 ; Ch. C. t. B 3083 ; Man. (F.) 3616 ; 

barail P. L. s. xxiii. 23. 



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44 



bareUe-ferrers. 



barelle-ferrers, sb. pi., cf, 0,Fr. ferriere 
(travelling-bottle) ; vessel for carrying wine 
on journeys : barelle ferrers thei brochede 

D. Arth. 2715 ; barell-ferreris Barb. xv. 39. 
baret, sb., 0,Fr, barat ; debate^ trouble^ frauds 

A. R. 154; Hav. 1932; Gaw. 353; baret & 
strif p. L. s. xxiii. 137 ; in gret baret and bale 
Will. 5517 ; barat ayenb. 39. 

barewOy sb., O.E. (meox-)berewe, }=M,Du. 
berve [cf. M.Du, gherve = gherwe) ; Jrom 
b^ren ; barrow ^ handcart y bier ; ]>e^ ich 
scholde beo bider ibore in barewe ofer in bere 
Bek. 899 ; barowe PR. P. 25 ; Flor. 2031 ; 
bare Greg. 196 ; me leiden hem in bare & 
burden hem ful jare Horn (L.) 891 ; comp, 
band-, wh§l-barowe. 

bar^, sb., 0.E, bearg, bearug, bearh, = M,Du, 
bargh, O.N, b6rgr, O.H.G. parch, parh, pare, 
panic, parug ; barrow (castrated pig) : bare3 
[barehj o. & N. 408 ; baeruh frag. 3 ; baru 
Rob. 207 ; barowes (pi.) d. Arth. 191. 

bargaine, sb., 0,Fr. bargaine ; bargain^ PR. p. 
24 ; bargain ayenb. 9 ; bargein Gow. II. 223 ; 
bargainee (pi.) Ch. C. t. A 282. 

barganer, sb., bargainer: barganers and 
okerars and lufars of simonee Townl. 313. 

barganiin, v., O.Fr, bargaignier; bargain^ PR. 
P. 24 ; bargaine WiCL. s. w. II. 213 ; bargeine 

E. w. 472 ; bargane (contend) Barb. ix. 224. 
barge, sb., O.Fr. barge, L.Lat. barca ; barge. 

Will. 2767 ; Ch. C. t. A 410. 
barin, v., O.E. barian, = M.Du. baren, O.H.G. 

(gi)paron, O.N. bera; bare, strip, uncover, PR. 

P. 24; his fader he it gan unhillen & baren 

GEN. & EX. 1912 ; bared (pple.) a. p. ii. 1149. 
bark, sb., O.N. h6rVx,= M.Du. barker.; bark 

(0/ a tree),' cortex; \oc. 229; Mand. 189; 

Iw. 741 ; barke PR. P. 24 ; LanGL.^-^ xi. 251 ; 

barke (dat.) R. R. 7267. 
\>Bx)sxa,v., = Dan.h?cr\iQ,Swed. barka; bark 

(leather), tan; become covered with a bark; 

'funio, tanno; PR. P. 25 ; he barked over as 

a turfe c. M. 11 824; barkid (pple.) Lidg. 

M. P. 53. 

barkere, sh.,= Swed. barkare; tanner, pr. 
P. 24; barkare VOC. 194. 
barlic, sb., c/. bere (O.N. barlak is probably 
from O.E.) ; barley, rel. 1. 215 ; baerUc Sax. 
CHR. 252 : barlich, barli WiCL. ex. ix. 31 ; 
berlei Mand. 272 ; barUohe (dat.) Trev. I. 
405. 

barli-brdd, sb., barlev-bread, voc. 198; 
Langl. a vi. 137 ; barlibreed Ch. C. t. D 144. 

barli-cake, sb., barley-cake, Gow. III. 216. 

barli-oom, sb., barley-corn, WiCL. 2 KINGS 
xiv. 30. 

barU3-l&^ sb., barley-loaf, Orm. 15511. 
barll-m^e, sb., barley-meal, PR. p. 25. 
barli-sele, sb., barley-season, 'tempus ordea- 
cium; PR. p. 25 ; ^ m6te-8§le. 



basme. 

barli-water, sb., barley-water^ s. S. (Web.) 

1574. 
barm, see bearm. 
barmeken, bamekmob, sb.,= barbioan: 

Balaan in be barmeken sa bitterli fijtis Alex. 

1 301 ; at the bamekinch he abad DegH. 375. 
bam, see beam, 
barondge, sb., O.Fr, baronage, bamage; 

baronage, Horn (L.) 1282; ayenb. 58; Jos. 

62; bamage Fl. & Bl. 639; Hav. 2947; 

Will. 4797. 

baronesse, sb., 0,Fr, baronesse; baroness, 
PR. P. 25. 

baronety sb., inferior baron, ^barunculusi 

voc. 262. 
baronie, sb., O.Fr. baronie; barony, Rob. 

349> 479 ; baronies (ft.) ayenb. 38. 
barre, sb., O.Fr. barre; bar, 'vectis; PR. p. 24 ; 

voa 261 ; Hav. 1794 ; a barre of iron Ch. C. 

T. A 1075 ; barren (pi.) HOM. 1. 131 ; barres 

Langl. ^xviii. 319; J>e barres of his belt 

Gaw. 162; J>e barren of fe burhe Kath. 2349. 
barrere, sb., O.Fr. barriere ; barrier, PR. p. 

24; bareres (pi.) A. p. ii. 1239; barers Fer. 

4668. 

barrin, v., O.Fr. barrer ; bar, close with a bar, 

PR. P. 24 ; barred (pret.) Will. 2046 ; barrid 

(pple.) Trlam. 1 188. 
Barrooschire, pr. n., 0,E. Bcarrucsdre; 

Berkshire, p. l. s. xiii. 48. 
bars, sb., O.E. bears, hxrs, ^M.Du., O.Fr. 

bars ; bass (fish) ; base B. B. 167 ; bace PR. P. 

20. 

bartrin^ v., O.Fr, bareter ; barter, pr. p. 25. 

baru, see barj. 

barun, sb., O.Fr. bar ace. baron ; baron, hom. 

II. 35; Hav. 31 ; p. l. s. ii. 108; barlines 

(gen.) LA3. 5319 ; barouns (//.) ayenb. 38. 
baSy adj., O.Fr. bas, from late Lot. bassus ; 

base, low, Gow. I. 98 ; bas (low) voice Mer. 

572. 

baschen, see baissen. 
base, sb., Fr. base, Lat, basis ; bcCse ; bas Ch. 

astr. ii. 41 (52) ; basse A. p. i. 999 ; bases 

(pi.) ii. 1278. 
baselard, sb., a sort of dagger, *pugio; PR. 

P. 25 ; 'sica; voc. 263 ; baslarde Langl. ^iii. 

303; MIRC48. 

baser, baser, sb., executioner, n. E. d. 
basilisk, sb., Gr. paaiKlaKos ; basilisk, Ps. xc. 

13 ; basiliook Ch. C. t. 7853. 
basin, see baoin. bask, see baisk. 
basken, v., / O.N. ba¥ask ; bask : he baske)? 

him about fer inne Gow. I. 290. 
basket, sb., basket, 'corbis; pr. p. 26 ; c. M. 

4489 ; basoates (pi,) leb. Jes. 21 ; basketes 

Ch. C. t. C445. 
basme, sb., O.Fr. basme, Lat, balsamum; 

balm, h. m. 13; balsme Gow. III. 315; 



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basmen. 



baud. 



45 



bame A. R. 164; banme Trsv. I. 107; 

Mand. 5a 
basmen, v., embalm \ balmiiiy baumin ^bal- 

samo* PR. P. 27; bame P. R. L. P. 216; 

balmbe Chest. 1. 165 ; bauined (ppie.) Aus. 

4670; bawmede (smeared) WiCL. John 

tx.6. 

basBy sb.9 Lot. basium ; hssy CT. love 797. 
bast, sb., OJS:. baest, -= JVl, MX,G., 0,H,G, 

bast m, n. ; bast : take a stsdwor)>e baste and 

binde mi bandes bihind me £aste Halliw. 

148; bare as a bast D. Troy 4773. 

ba8te-tr§, sb., lime-tree^ ^tilia^ VOC. 192. 
bast, sb., OJ^r, bast (bat) ; bastardy : an sone 

. . . )>at was a bast ibore ROB. 425 ; he was 

Ingeten o bast Ar. & Mer. 7644. 
bastard, sb., 0,Fr. bastard ; bastardy CHR. £. 

890; L. H. r. 50*; Trev. I. 251. 
bastile, sb., Fr> bastille ; tower of a castle^ pr. 

p. 26. 
bastin, v., OJ^, basta, - O.H.G, bcsten,/r^»i 

bast; baste, ^ subsuo^ PR. P. 26; basting 

(PpU^ R. R. 104. 

baston, sb., OF'r, baston, bastun; stave^ 
sUmza, REL. II. 175 ; bastoun, bastun c. M. 
14923. 

bat, sb., }»Ger, batze m, (massa); clod\ a 
batofcr))e Langl. Cxix. 92. 

bat, sb.,>r debot ; baU, LUD. Cov. 12 ; bate 
CM. 9684. 

bat, sb., 0£. bat, cf, OJ^, batr ; boat, Jul. 60 
)»ene bat [bot] iJ^. 23865 ; bot Trist. 354 
s. s. (Wr.) 3146 ; boot WiCL. Jos. vL 22 
b&te (dot.) Degr. 919; bote Alis. 3497 
bates (pl,) Man. (H.) 241 ; bftten {dat. pi) 
La). 14746. 
bote-swatn, sb., boatswain, ST. R. 2i. 

[bat, sb., comp. grist-bftt] 

bati^e, sb., 0,Fr. bataille ; battle, O. & N. 
1 197 ; AYENB. 83 ; S. S. (Web.) 2011 ; bataile, 
bataiDe Ch. C. t. ^879; bataille Horn 
(L.) 574; Shor. 109; batel c M. 3463. 

batailed, adj., O.Fr, bataillie ; battlemented, 
C M. 9902 ; baitailed A. P. ii. 1183. 

batailen, v., OJ^r, bataiUer ; engage in battle, 

fy^ht, Ch. Boet. i. 4 (18). 

batailoti8,adj., battaillous, Gow. III. 118. 

[batailoor], batelur, sb., OF'r, bataileor; 
warrior, ALIS. 1433. 

batails, sb. pl., t battels, apol. 76. 

batelment^ sb., battlement, a. p. ii. 1459. 

[batien, v., comp, grist^b&tien.] 

batildore, sb., f 0,Fr, batadoir, mod,Eng, 
battledore ; mallet, voc. 269 ; batildoure PR. 
P. 27. 

b4tin,v.,^abdten ; bate, PR. P. 26 ; batede 
{pret) A. P. ii. 440. 

bitiii, v.,/^ debdten ; PR. P. 26. 

batren, v., batter-, batride, batred (pret) 



Langl. A\\\. 192*; ibatrid {pple) Fer. 
896. 

batte, sb., /r. batte ; bat, cudgel, ^Justisy voc 
263 ; PR. p. 26 ; botte (dat,) a. r. 366 ; battes 
ipL) Trev. I. 381 ; Alis. 78 ; battis Wicl. 
Mat. xxvi. 47; botten [battes] LA5. 21593; 
bottes MISC. 43. 

battin, v., beat with clubs, ^fustigo, pr. p. 
26 ; battede (pret,) Langl. A iii. 192. 

bature, sb., batter, ' batura,* cath. 24 ; batere 
L. c. c. 38. 

ba«,sb., 0,E, has^.^O^N. ba¥, 0,L.G. bath, 
O.Fris, beth, 0,H,G, bad, pad; bcUh, HOM. 
II. 226 ; R. S. V ; babj> Orm. 18044 ; be^ A. R. 
394 ; )>et softeste bcfe HOM. 1. 35 ; bef ayenb. 
74 ; baSe (dat,) Laj. 2852 ; be^e HOM. 1. 
23 ; beSes (pl,) A. R. 396. 

b&Se, adj. & prn., OJ^, ba«ir,=0J:.(7. bethia, 
0,Fris. bede, 0,H,G. beide; both. Sax. 
CHR. 253; Kath. 1622; hio . . . ba^ 
(earlier text bu tu) for^ eoden Lk. i. 7 ; 
bis meiden was ba^ faderles & moderles 
KATH. 7T, baj>e ISUM. 400; for to deme 
babe ))e gode & be uvele hom. I. 143 ; 
bape waeren aide ORM. 250; Crist is ba))e 
god & man 1360; ba^e, bo¥e [bo)>e] Laj. 
17014, 27305 ; bafe, boJ)e, bej)e Hav. 1680, 
2543, 2816 ; boJ)e C. L. 497 ; bofe we habbej) 
steifne brihte O. & N. 1681 ; bo|)e heo were 
noble men Rob. 48 ; bat ... is boj>e meke 
& milde 57; J>e o)>ere DoJ)e were him agein 
Man. (F.) 610; boJ)e two Map 336; Ch. 
C. T. ^ 1716; bobe two his hondes Jos. 697 ; 
boJ>e tvo Fl. & Bl. 525 ; hi deief bo)>e tvo 
TREAT. 139 ; bo¥e, beo^ A. R. 10, 162 ; bojie, 
be)>e Langl. Cxiii. 73; be)>e Aus. 4847; 
b&tSre (gen) Kath. 1790; j>urh bc^ babre 
bisne Orm. 2794 ; bober Langl. ^ ii. 66 ; Iw. 
3556; b&t$en(^a/.) MARH. 21; bo)>en Hav. 
471 ; PL. CR. 224; ba^ Kath. 1791 ; ba))e 
Orm. 7636 ; bo)>e Shor. 57 ; mid bo¥e hon- 
den A. R. 338. 

BaSen [BaJ'e], pr. n., 0£, Ba^an ; Bath, LA3. 
21026 ; Ba)>e misc. 145 ; Ch. C. t. A 445. 

b^Sie, sb., tone that bathes, A. R. 214. 

bdSien, v., 0,E, banian, = C?JV. ba^a, 0,H,G. 

badon ; bcUhe, Laj. 6657 ; ba))ien P. L. s. viii. 

124; R. s. V (Misa 180); baj>ie LEG. 164; 

bafi Rob. 146; baj>en Mand. 88; b6]>e|> 

(pres) ayenb. 167 ; (heo) ba¥ie6 La^. 17189 ; 

he . . . ofte bine ber inne b^Sede (pret) Laj. 

17028 ; babede Will. 98 ; and baj)ede (h)is 

swerd in hure blod(e) Fer. 3100; b&thed 

(pple) Ch. C. t. A 3. 

b&tbinge, sb., bathing, PR. P. 26. 
ban, int., cf, Ger, ba ; bcth, Langl. Bya, 135. 
baubelet, sb., 0,Fr, baubelet; bauble ; beau- 

belez (pl) A. R. 388*. 
baud, adj., 0,Fr, baud (hardi, ga£) ; joyous^ 

boastful, R. R. 5674 ; of wordes he was swife 

baud Horn (H.) 96. 



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46 



baude. 



b6ard« 



bande, sh,ydawdy ^ienoy PR. P. 27; Langl. 
A iii, 124 ; Ch. C. t. D 1354. 

baudekin, sb., 0,Fr, baudekin ; a precious 
silk stuff, PR. P. 27 ; Alis. 759. 

bauderie, sh,ygaieiy, mir/h, CH. C. T. D 1305. 

bauderik, sb.,=Af.//.(7. balderich ; baldrick, 
Gaw. 2486; baudrik Ch. C. t. ^116; 
baudri ALIS. 4698 ; baiiderikia {pi.) LiDG. 
M. P. 8. 

bandi, adj., dirty y Langl. Bv. 197; baudi 
and totore Ch. C. t. (7635. 

baudstrot, sb., O.Fr, baudetrot ; bawd, voc 
217 ; Langl. A iii. 42*. 

baume, bauxnen, see baame, -en. 

bauson, sb., badger^ PR. P. 27 ; bausin ' castor ' 
voc. 177; bausons {pi.) Trev. L 327; 
baucines Will. 2299. 

baxtere, see bakestre. 

be, see bi. 

beaone, see bekne. 

beah, sb., 0,E, beag, beah, = (9.//;(7. pouc, 
boug, 0,N, baugr; Jrom bU^en ; ring, collar, 
bracelet, * {ar)nullaj FRAG. 2 ; beej * torquem * 
WiCL. GEN. xli. 42 ; enne beh Laj. 24520 ; 
beije Trist. 2^; begh rel. L 160; bei 
Haluw. 171 ; ?beey {printed beeth) Shor. 
109 ; beie, bi^e {dot:) L. H. R. 28, 29 ; bS^es, 
behjes' [bejesj {pL) Laj. 7425, 21640; beges 
and ringes GEN. & EX. 1390; beies HOM. L 
193 ; beren bejes [beiges, bijes] ful brhte 
abouten here nekkes Langl. B prol. 101 ; 
comp. sweor-bsah. 

beaiell, sb., 0,Fr, besaiel ; great-grandfather, 
D. Troy 13474. 

beald, b&ld, adj., O.E. beald, bald,«az.a 
bald, a/r.<7. paid, Goth. *hsi\^, aA^.ballr; 
bold', bald HOM. L 257 ; Orm. 2185 ; Trist: 
997 ; Shor. 123 ; Iw. 1402 ; bald [bold] LA5. 
6342; bald, bold ayenb. 100, 105, 158; 
bold O. & N. 405 ; AN. LIT. 3 ; ToR. I ; be 
thou bold it shal be bought M. Arth. 3483 ; 
held s. s. (Web.) 2042 ; B. Disc. 2123 ; bdlde 
{dat. m.) La;. 9613; bdldbre {gen. dot./) 
Laj. 10387, 16045; \}&L6ne {ace. m.) 6594; 
bealde (pL) Shor. too; alle his bigginges 
bolde IsuM. 78 ; belde Horn (L.) 602 ; Aus. 
5004; J>urh belde worde O. & N. 171 5; 
b^dere {gen. pL) Laj. 17256; bAlden 
(dat. pi.) 25163; bAldore {compar.) Rob. 
509 ; spec. 27 ; baldore, boldere Langl. 
-4iv. 94; bdIdeBt(w/<?r/.)LA3. 26178; comp. 
un-bdld. 

b&lde, adv., M.H.G. balde ; boldly^ quickly, 
M. H. 23, 121. 

bdld-hedoy sb., boldness^ O. & N. 514 ; Man. 
(F.) 13465. 

b&lde-liohe, adv., O.E. bealdllce; boldly, 
Laj. 24673; Kath. 719; a. r. 62; balde-, 
boldeliche O. & N. 401, 1707; boldliche 
ayenb. 63 ; bAldelike {adv) Hay. 53 ; lok 



hou it is and tel me boldeli {? quickly) Ch. C. 
T. A 3433 ; bdldeliker {compar^ P. L. S. xL 
69. 

b61dness» sb., boldness, impudence, con- 
fidence, D. Troy 226; Langl. -^xviii. 386; 
Man. (H.) 40. 

b41d-sipe, sb., boldness, LA5. 24943*. 
bealden^b&lden, v., OJE:. bealdian, cf. OJI.G. 
balden, Qoth. balj>jan ; embolden : to balden 

tboldi] {encourage) J)ine leode Laj. 4385 ; Jc 
»randes to balde Perc. 792 ; be wenche bigan 
to bolde s. s. (Wr.) 1679 ; ^is harte began 
to bolde OCTAV. (H.) 975 ; blUdede {fret) 
HOM. L 273; Laj. 16327*; boldede hire heitcs 
Langl. (Wr.) 1756 ; comp. un-b41den. 

bealte, sb., O.Fr. bealtd, beaut^; beauty^ spec 
53 ; beaute Will. 4534 ; beaute, beute Ch. 

C. T. A 2385. 

beam, sb., O.E. beam, « OJ^ris. bam, OX.G, 
bom, O.H.G. baum, paum, boum, poum, 
Goth, bagms, OJ^. ba%mr; becun, UrabsJ 
FRAG. 4; al swa great swa a beam Laj. 
2848 ; beem ' trabs, liciatorium, radius * PR. 
P. 30; Langl. Bx. 264; Man. (H.) 103; 
w. & I. 39 ; bem Jul*. 46 ; a. p. ii. 603 ; 
bemes {pi.) Alis. 7664; Mand. 131; Ch. 

D. Bl. 337 ; grete bemes of lijt Trev. L 
235 ; J>e leome ja strehte west riht a seoven 
bcemen wes idiht La^. 17887 ; comp. gldo-y 
mor-, 8unne-9 web-b§am, 

[beami], bemi, adj., radiant, Trev. Barth. 

(n. E. d.). 
beamien, v., O.E. beamian; beam^ shine; 

beme * radio ' PR. P. 30 ; beeming Kath. 46. 

beane, sb., O.E. bean,«(9.iV. baun, O.H.G. 
bona ; bean ; beene voc. 177 ; bene PR. P. 30 ; 
Langl. -ff iii. 141*; Wicl. Ez. iv. 9; al nas 
wurj> a bene ROB. 497; nou^t a bene wor)> 
Will. 4754; J>is Absolon ne roghte nat a 
bene of al his pleie Ch. C. t. A 3772 ; bdne 
{dot.) Mand. 158 ; J)e worj) of a bene P. 47 ; 
beana, beane, beanen {pi.) leechd. IIL 
86, 108 ; bene Rich. 6004 ; benes Hav. 769 ; 
bene strau Ch. C. t. E 1422 ; bdnen {dat^ 
pi.) PL. CR. 762. 
b§n-oodde, sb., bean-pod, VOC. 233 ; bean- 
ooddan {dat.pl.) Lk. xv. 16. 

beanen, adj., O.E. beanen; mcuie of beans \ 
bene bred voc 198 ; WiCL. E. w. 61. 

b^ard, sb., O.E. beard, - OJ^ris. herd, MJ)u. 
baerd, O.H.G. bart, part; beard, HOM. L 279 ; 
baerd [beord] Laj. 10753; herd Marh. 9; 
Alis. 1597 ; Gow. IL 367 ; Ch. C. t. A 332 ; 
Degr. 819; herd, bcerd WiCL. 2 KINGS 
xix. 24 ; beerd * barba * PR. P. 31 ; bi ni^inges 
beard(e) [beorde] Laj. 1672 ; uppe ni^inges 
baerde 10703 ; b^rdes {pi.) Gow. L iii. 
b^rd-heer, sb., beard-hair , Trev. IIL 

325. 

b6rd-lds, adj., O.E. beardlSas; beardless, 
Gow. 1 1. 369 ; DEP. R. iii. 235. 



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bearded. 



bed. 



47 



bearded* adj., bearded \ berdid ^barbaius' 
PR. P. 32 ; beerdid WiCL. E. w. 308. 
bearm, sb., O.E. bearm, = O.L,G,, 0,H,G. 
barm, O JV. barmr, Goth, barms ; from beren ; 
bosom, lap : in his bserm (sec, text lappe) he 
hit ladde rel. I. 141 ; LA3. 30261 ; barm 
^gremium ' PR. P. 25 ; Alis. 4203 ; barme 
{dot,) Horn (L.) 706 ; b. disc. 577 ; Ch. C. 
T. 53256 ; A, p. iii. 510 ; slepe^ i ¥e deofles 
berroe a. r. 212 ; barmes {pi.) Marh. 22. 

barm-i)ld}>y sb., apron, Ch. C. t. A 3236. 

bann-£aly sb., apron, rel. I. 240. 

barm-hotrea, sb. pL, aprons, rel. II. 176. 

barm-skiny sb., leather apron, * melotes,^ 
PR. P. 25. 

beam, sb., 0£, beam, « OJ^rts, bem, OX.,G,, 
O.H.G,, OJ^,, Goth, bam, Scotch baim ; from 
beren ; child, A. R. 38 ; H. M. 35 ; J)ct beam 
FRAG. 5 ; J>at beam, baem, bem La^. 91, 298, 
5024 ; bam, bsera Mat. xxii. 24 ; bam Will. 
9 ; Langl. -4 ii. 3 ; Mirc 1688 ; Man. (H.) 
310; ANT. Arth. xviii; bem HOM. II. 21; 
Marh. 10 ; misc. 128 ; Hav. 571 ; spec. 81 ; 
P. L.s.xxiii. 22 ; Am. & Amil. 164; beamea 
igen.) frag. 5 ; bames Orm. 8044 ; beame 
{dot,) Mat. xxii. 25 ; beam (pi,) * sobole{s vel) 
liberi' FRAG. 2^; Laj. 5104; beam, bem 
HOM. I. 99, 225 ; baem, bames Orm. 6808, 
8040; b^imes A. R. 272; beame (gen,pl,) 
Mat. XX. 20 ; frag. 8 ; heme spec 58 ; 
beamaiiy beamen, bemen, beame (dat,pl,) 
Mat. vii. 11, 17, 25; Mk. iii. 28; Lk. i. 17; 
beamen HOM. I. 241 ; bemen La). 8061 ; 
comp, helle-, kine-, mdder-, atdop-beam 
(-bem). 

bam-ftge, sb., childhood, a. p. ii. 517. 

bam-hede, sb., infancy, c. M. 166 ; PR. c. 
8252. 

bem-lea, adj., childless, Laj. 8990 ; bamles 
CM. 7086. 

bam-teain« sb., 0,E. beamteam ; brood of 
children, H. M. 31 ; bemteam GEN. & ex. 
3748 ; bamtem c M. 17792. 
beaat, see best. be-, see bi-. 

beaten, v., 0,E. beatan,=(9.A^. bauta (pple, 
bautinn), M,H,G, bozen ; beat, strike, correct, 
a. R. 184; Kath. 1183; mid festen bine 
beaten Mk. xiv. 65 ; beate and wesse ayenb. 
236; beten Misc 45 ; beten and bouken 
Langl. B xiv. 19 ; bete Bek. 758 ; Man. 
(H.) 328; hire sire and hire dame J>reteJ) 
bbe to bete R. S. vii ; bdatetS (pres,) H. M. 
31; beate^, bet A. R. 184, 186; ha beat 
and smit ayenb. 30 ; biat 100 ; hit bet Brd. 
26 ; (heo) bete)> MISC. 83 ; bei . . . beten fe 
stretis they lounge about WICL. E. w. 152 ; 
b«t (imper,) A. D. 289 ; bStende (pple,) GEN. 
& EX. 2713; beot (pret,) A. R. 364; Brd. 
24; beot, bet, bette Langl. ^x. 176 (Cxii. 
124); biet HOM. II. 169; beet, but Trey. 
VIII. 229; bet GEN. & EX. 3958; Tor. 



1365 ; bet a doun burwes Will. 1073 ; beet 
Mand. 83; Launf. 751; beet, bette WiCL. 
NUM. xxii. 23 ; beoten HOM. I. 121 ; Jul. 
26 ; Alis. 7565 ; beoten, bieton Mk. xiv. 
65 ; Lk. XX. II ; beten Hay. 1876; Mand. 
46 ; )>e wawes beote him Brd. 24 ; biete 
AYENB. 156; beete Ch. C. t. A 4308; bute 
Fer. 2907 ; bai bette M. H. 72 ; beote (subj:) 
A. R. 364 ; Bek. 759 ; b&ten (pple,) Orm. 
8168 ; beten Gow. III. 247; beten wij) rede 
golde Bey. 1159; beten wib besantus ant. 
Arth. xxix ; a grip of golde richeli beton 
on J)e molde Egl. 1031 ; bete spec 97 ; beete 
h. y. 76; bet Hay. 1916 ; bett Townl. 227 ; 
comp, a-, ;e-, to-bdaten ; deriv, bSteL 

[bSatere, sb., 0,E. beatere ; beater; comp, 
market>>bdtere.] 

bSatunge, sb., beating, A. R. 326 ; beatinge 
Kath. 1616. 

beaute, see bealtd. 

bee, sb., 0,Fr, bee; beak, rel. I. 210; bek 
Mand. 48 ; beke (dot) a. p. ii. 487 ; bekes 
(pL) Ch. l. g. w. 148. 

beohe, sb., 0,E, bece, boecae (Epin.), 
M,L,G, boke, 0,H,G, buocha, Lat, fagus, 
Gr, <l>rjy6s (oak) f, ; beech, 'fagus,* YOC 181 ; 
PR. P. 27 ; beohea (pi,) ayenb. 23 ; Alis. 
5242 ; Langl. A v, iS; see b6o. 

beohen, adj., 0,E, becen ; made of beech, Ch. 
C,T,Giig6; in 3one beohene wode D. Arth. 
1713. 
beonien, see bdknien. 
bed, sb., 0,E, bed n,; prayer \ bede (//.) 
Mk. ix, 29 (earlier text gebedu) ; comp, 
3e-bed. 

bed-hfia, sb., 0,E, bedhus ; house of prayer, 
Mat. xxi. 13. 

bed-r§p, sb., 0,E, bedrip; reaping on re- 
quest*, bedrepea. (x^. bederpes) (//.) e. w. 
27. 

bed, sb., 0,E, bedd,= 0J:.6^., 0,Fris, bed, 
C7^M.badi, 0,H,G, beti, peti; bed, La^. 19037; 
Mand. 88 ; J)et bed ayenb. 31 ; bedd Orm. 
4418 ; at mi beddia (gen,) side Ch. p. f. 98 ; 
bedde (dcU,) o. & N. 967 ; Ch. C. t. A 3269 ; 
bonne men ga^ to bedde LA5. 711 ; he li^ i 
bedde 31SQI; beddea (//.) Brd. 6; comp, 
child-, feoer-, gras-bed. 

bed-bere, sb., ^Z..C7.bedbure; toral, E.w.41. 

bed-ohambre, sb., bedchamber^ Trey. II. 
201 ; Langl. B v. 222. 

bed-oloth, sb., bedcloth, PR. P. 27. 

bed-f(§re, bed-ifere, sb., bedfellow, Gow. 1 1. 
229; bediver (printed htdyner) SPEC 491. 

bed-lawir, adj., bedrid, PR. p. 28. 

bed-lawir, sb., ' clinicusi PR. p. 28. 

bed-r§a^ sb., 0,E. bedreaf; bedclothes, 
FRAG. 4. * 

bed-rede, adj. & sb., 0,E, bedrida, -reda, 
-ryda, ^.Af.Z. 6. bedderede; bedrid, * clinicus^ 



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48 



becL 



beggin. 



voc 267 ; P. L. S. XXX. 57 ; Ch. C. t. D 1769 ; 

Man. (F.) 8964; bedreden (//.) Langl. 

A vii. 131. 
bed-8tede, sb., = M.Du, bcdstede ; bedstead, 

PR. P. 28. 
bed-0tr&u, sb., hedstraw^ frag. 7 ; bedstre 

WiCL. PS. vi. 7. 

bed-BU0ter,sb., A2/5^a;/^j concubine, Rob. 27. 
bed-time, sb., bedtime, o. & N. 324. 
bedde, sh.,»O.Fris. bcdda, M,H.G, bette; 

?"^ebedde; o. & N. 1500*. 
beddien, v., 0,E, beddian, - O.H,G, betton ; 

put to bed, Laj. 6658 ; bedden H. M. 43 ; 

Orm. 2712 ; Hav. 1235 ; Langl. B ii. 97 ; 

ne muhen ha . . . bedden in a breoste H. M. 

43 ; bedded (pple.) Hav. 2771 ; bedde, 

i-beddc (/) O. & N. 968. 
bedding, sb., O.E. bedding, - J/. /T.C;. bet- 

tunge; bedding,* stramentum,^ FRAG. 4; bed- 

dinge Ch. C. t. A 1616. 
b^de, sb.,= (9.Z.6^. bcda, 0,Fris, bede, O.H.G. 

beta,bita, Goth,h\d?if,, mod,Eng, bead; from 

bidden; prayer, ^oratio,' PR. P. 28; hom. II. 

135; Laj. 25514; Orm. 1156; gen. & ex. 

1375; Hav. 1385; Gow. II. 372; Am. & 

Amil. 2351; f(e)os b(e)ode hom. I. 65; 

b6den (//.) P. L. S. xvii. 56 ; nu we & heore 

beden [bedes] singed La;. 19688; beoden 

bidde^ Laj. 19722 ; beoden HOM. 1. 49 ; A. R. 

140 ; Marh. 8 ; bede Misc. 56 ; bedes Orm. 

1748 ; AYENB. 141 ; Will. 3024 ; if i bidde 

ani bedes Langl. B v. 407 ; bedis beads 

PL. cr. 323 ; a peire of bedes Langl. B xv. 

119; Ch. C. t. a 159; b6den {dat. pi.) 

CHR. £. 494. 
b6de-hfui, sh,,—O.I/»G. betehus; Aouse of 

prayer, MISC 39. 
b6de-nian, sb., « M.H.G. beteman ; beads- 
man, Al. (L.) 658; bedeman, beodemon 

A iii. Langl. 46 ; beodemon a. r. 356. 
bMe-Mng, sb., Orm. 6746. 
b^de-woman, sb., ^orcUrix^ PR. P. 28. 
Bedeford, pr. n., O.E. Bedanford ; Bedford, 

Rob. 4. 

bedel, see biideL 
b6den, v., OX.G, bedon, 0,H,G. beton ; pray: 

na man nalde sel bede beoden for heore saule 

Laj. 25514; bede Octav. (H.) 910; ic . . . 

bidde 5uw& bede Orm. 18337; bedes Hav. 

2392 ; he . . . beod & bid O & N. 1437 ; biet 

& bit HOM. I. 167 ; b6de {subj\) Langl. A 

viii. 102 ; his bedes b^dand {pple,) night and 

dei Halliw. 156. 
beden, see bSoden. 
bee, see b§o. beel, see biile. 
been, see bdon. bef, see boefl beffen, see 

baffen. be;, see beah. 
beft, see baffin. 
[be;e, "i^M.H.G, (ge)bouge {pliant) comp. 

leoSebeie.] 



be;en, adj., O.E. begen, cf Goth, bai; 
Lot. ambo, Gr. ^fi<t>«i ; botA ; bei;en, beien, 
beine [beje] La;. 2531, 2543, 32137; {a 
kinges beie tweien {/tal. ambedue) 30038; 
beien Sax. chr. 265; bege Mat. xv. 14; 
beie Bev. 1212 ; S. b. w. 174 ; pst.,. ;onge 
were beie (ms. beye) Rob. 47 ; beie pe kinges 
P. L. s. xi. 44; baie Ar. & Mer. 1528; of 
hembe5en (forhaim) Orm. 15091 ; bft [O^. 
ba, cf. Lot. ambae f, O.E. ba, bu, Goth, ba, 
Lat. ambo «.] Orm. 373; ba tunge & tale 
Kath. 636 ; his blod & his brain ba weoren 
todascte La;. 1469 ; mid childe heo weren ba 
twa {cf. Ital. ambedue) 2399 ; boa 281 ; ba 
twa Mk. ii. 22 (earlier text hvL tu) ; ba twa his 
honden Jul. 48 ; ba bi dei & bi niht hom. I. 
247; bo Fl. & Bl. 547 ; P. s. 157; Alis. 
6763 ; s. s. (Web.) 304 ; bo J>in(e) e;e O. & N. 
990; J)at godes hii were bo Rob. 229; his 
feder & his moderbo Al. (T.) 235 ; bo to Jos. 
300; bo, boa A. r. 60, 212; boo MiRC 3; 
beire {gen.) hom. I. 99; Kath. 1790* ; o. & 
N. 1584 ; Fl. & Bl. 534 ; Rob. 197 ; Bek. 128 ; 
Langl. ^ ii. 66 ; for heore beire nome Ui;. 
5283; bft {dat.) La;. 9804; bo Mirc 1360; 
of hem bo c. L. 1454 ; in bo two his honden 
A. r. 396. 

be;en, biben, v., O.E. began, bygan, - OJ^ris. 
beja, (9.ACbeygja, M.H.G. b5ugen ; from bfi- 
jen; incline, bend ; beien Jul. 27 ; he mot nede 
beien La;. 105 i ; whan i ne mai his hurte so 
buye Bek. 1529 ; une)»e he mi;te bye his rug 
p. L. s. xvii. 167 ; mine kneon ich beie hom. 
I. 191 ; beie% A. R. 266 ; he beie% a dun to- 
ward )ie his deorewm-^ heaved HOM. I. 203 ; 
ant bu;ej> me to grounde rel. I. 122 ; bei 
{imper.) La;. 5068; Marh. 20; beih )>e to 
me HOM. I. 211 ; beie (subj.) spec. 81 ; )>at 
hit ne breke ne beie H. M. 15 ; beide {pret.) 

1UL. jy, and beide {drew) heom to sonme 
.a;. 29089 ; be hwil(e) J)at ha buhde hire 
Kath. 2400 ; byde p. L. s. xvii. 168 ; & hire 
cneow beigden Mk. xv. 19 ; beighed Aus. 
4373; Scottes & Bruttes beiden {sec. text 
dro;en) to gaderes La;. 5178; bdhed {ppU.) 
HOM. I. 277; comp. a-, ;e-b^en; deriv, 
bei-sum. 

l>§;end-lioli, adj., O.E. (ge)begendlic ; hum- 
ble : mid beienliche worden La;. 4930. 
beggen, see btiggen. 

beggin, v., beg, ^mendico,* PR. p. 28 ; beggen 
A. R. 356; begge Langl. ^vi. 195 ; Wicl. 
E. w. 352; Ch. C. t. -^4525; IsuM. 150; 
beggide (pret.) WiCL. John ix. 8. 

beggere, sb., beggar, Horn (R.) 1133 ; Ch. 
C. T. A 242 ; hit is beggares rihte vor te beren 
bagge on bac A. R. 168 ; beggeres {pi.) 
ayenb. 36 ; Langl. A prol. 40. 

beggerie, sb., beggary, Langl. ^vii. 88; 
Wicl. prov. xxiv. 34. 

beggestere, sb., beggar, Ch. C. t. A 242. 

begge}> [begged], sb., begging, mendicancy, 



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beggin* 



belle. 



49 



Lakcl. Cix. 138; goon a begged {v.r, biggcd, 
bcggere, begger) Ch. C. t. ^^1580, 
beggild, begenild, sb., one given to beg- 
gings beggilde (gen.) A. R. 168* ; begeneldes 
JLangl. Cxi. 263, 

begginge, sb., begging, ' mendicatio* PR. P. 
28 ; gob on begginge M and. 207 ; begging 
WiCL. E. w, 353 ; bigging S. w. 128. 

be^BOy see baiak. beh, see beah. 

behave, -havingOy see bihabben. 

bei, see beah. beien, see be3en. 

beiken, see beken. 

beil, sb., cf. Swed, bSgel, bygel, Ger. bugel ; 
f handle, w. & I. 23. 

bein, see bain, beiten, see baiten. 

bei-STim, adj.(frombe5en,v.), ? = Ger. beugsam ; 
obedient \ bubsume & beisume Kath. 1805. 

bek,sb., ?0.E. bee (^^. baece), O.N, bekkr 
m^—MJ^.G, belce, O.H.G, pah, pach, bach 
«/; beck, brooky ^rivulus, VOC. 239; PR. 
P. 29; L. H. R. 82. 

b^ sb., ?»:bekzie; beck, sign, nod, PR. P. 29 ; 
WiCL. Job xxvL 1 1 ; bekkes (pi.) Trev.VIII. 
221. 

bek^xf^beo. 

beken« v., Fr. hecquer,^ Ital. beccare ; peck ; 

beketJ {pres.) A. R. 84 ; bekede (pret.) 102 ; 

? hiked Alis. 2337. 
beken, v., ffrom bSwen; steep, soak, warm : 

to beike his boones Flor. 99 ; a softe be- 

kinde (pres. fiple.) ba^ HOM. I. 269; and 

ligges bekeand in his bed Iw. 1459 ; bekand 

Barb. xix. 553 ; i beked {pret.) me test. 

Cres. 36. 
bekken, v., ?=bekiiien; beck, nod; bekke 

(pres.) Ch. C. t. (7396 ; beckes PS. xxxiv. 19 ; 

bekkls (//.) TowNL. 319 (mir. PL. 193); 

bekked (pret.) CH. Tro. ii. 1260. 

bekne, beekne^ sb., O.E. beacen, becn,=<9. 
Fris. baken, beken, O.L.G. bocan, O.H.G. 
wuchan n.; beacon, ^pharus,* PR.P.29 ; bekne, 
oekcne Langl. ^xvii. 262, Cxx. 228; comp. 
ibre-bdaone. 

beknieiiy v., O.E. beacnian, becnan, O.L.G. 
bocnian, O.H.G. pauhnen; beckon; ))e unc 
bccnien scu(len) ... to drihtenes dome frag. 
7; baecnien Laj. 21938; becnen Orm. 223 ; 
beknin. bekin * annuo, nuto* PR. P. 29; 
b«kneQ (ms. bekned) {pres.) rel. I. 215; 
^iacnieiide {ppie.) Unnuens^ Lk. i. 22 ; bl- 
kenide, bikenede {pret.) WiCL. deeds xxi. 
40; hio becneden {' annuerunt') heore ge- 
feren Lk. v. 7. 

b§kniBge, sb., O.E. beacnung, becnung; 
heckonin^,' nutus^ PR. P. 29 ; bikeningWiCL. 
GEN. xlii. 6 ; becnunge frag. 7, 
bel, ben, adj., O.Fr. bel ; fair, beautiful; bel 
ost Guy 68 ; a beJe babees B. B. 3 ; beau A. 
y. i. 197 ; beaus amis GUY 4, 



bel-ami, sb., Fr. bel ami ; fair friend, A. R. 
306. 

bel-dame, sb., grandmother, PR. P. 29. 
bel-fietther, sb., grandfather, PR. P. 30. 
bel-liohe, adv., beautifully, PL. CR. 344. 
ben-pere, sb., good father; beau pere, hi 
seide to the pope Bek. 1299 ; boke hijte J)at 
beupere Langl. B xviii. 229. 
beauHBire, sb., fair sir, Bek. 768 ; bcusher 
D. Troy 1863 ; bewsher Townl. 66. 

beld, see beald. 

bdldOy sb., O.E. baeldo, byldo,= O.H.G. paldi, 
baldi, Goth. ba])>ei; from beald; fortitude^ 
courage, comfort, p. L. s. xxx. 104; Flor. 762 ; 
GAW.650; M.H. 37 ; Perc 1412; bi a childe of 
litil belde overcomen i am in min elde c. M. 
12237. 

balden, v., O.E. baeldan, byldan, - O.L.G. 
beldian ; comfort, encourage ; to belden & to 
forfrcn Orm. 662 ; to beolden (invigorate) it 
& strengen 2614 ; bealden Kath. 1622 ; belde 
LAI le fr. 231 ; as he bigon to belde (grow 
bold) Al. (V.) 49 ; Iw. 1220 ; b61deBt (pres.) 
C L. 348 ; (he) belde^ [bealde^ A. R. 162 ; 
bilde (imper.) Egl. 3 ; bdlde (pret.) Jul. 8 ; 
belden LA5. 8636 ; b^ded (Pple.) Orm. 2746 ; 
comp. a-, un-b61den. 

belden, see btilden. 

bele, see bule. 

beleevable, see under bilgven. 

belef, in phr. O.Fr. k belif, beslif ; from med. 
Z^/. bis-lTquus; obliquely; a belef Gaw. 2486, 
2518 ; see embeli£ 

belen, see bslen. 

bel3eii, v., O.E. belgan,= O.L.G., O.H.G. bel- 
gan, O.N. belga ; f swell with an^er ; b»lh 
(pret.) LA5. 15839; J)a balh he hme (^indig- 
natus est') Lk. xv. 28; bol3hen (pple.) Orm, 
7145 ; comp. a-, an-, ^e-bel^en. 

beli, sb., O.E. belg, baelg, bylg, bylig, = O.N. 
belgr, O.H.G. pale (follis), Goth, balgs, 
(ao-ic<ir), mod.Eng. belly, bellows ; ))e brest 
wij) fe beli (belly) PR. c. 679; beli *fou' 
VOC. 171; belou ^ follis^ 180; beli, belu 
WiCL. JER. vi. 29 ; beli * venter' belou ^follis ' 
PR. P. 30 ; beli [bali] Ch. C. T. C 534 (belly), 
735 1 (bellows) ; ball R. s. v ; M. T. 200 ; his 
bali for to fillen PL. CR. 763; belies (pi.) 
bellows A. R. 284 ; belies (bellows) IsuM. 412 ; 
belies, balies (bellies) Langl. A prol. 41 ; 
balez (bowels) Gaw. 1330; a peir bel wis 
(bellows) w. & I. 23 ; bulies Brd. 22. 
beli-naked, adj., stark naked, CH. C. T. 
^1326. 

belken, v., fO.E. hts\dizxi,^fM.L.G. belken 
(mugire) ; belch ; belke CATH. 27 ; TowNL. 
314; ha]^ belkid (pple.) out *• eructavit' 
WiCL. PS. xliv. 2. 

belle, sb., O.E. heWe,^ M.Du., M.L.G. belle; 
bell, Uampana,' PR. P. 30; Laj. 29441 ; Langl. 
£ PROL. 165 ; here the belle Ch. Tro. iii. 



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50 



bdUe. 



bengere. 



.149; bellen (pi.) frag. 7; LA5. 16929; 

Horn (H.) 1294; Rob. 509; Al. (L.') 586; 

belle Sax. chr. 259; belles Orm. 901; 

Mand. 243. 

belle-dr&m, sb., sound of a belly Orm. 922. 

belle-^eter, sb., bell-foundery PR. P. 30. 

belle-house, sb., * campanile^ voc. 273. 

belle-weder, sb., bell-wether \ belwedir PR. 

p. 30; belleweder (noisy person) Townl. 86 ; 

belweather {leader) LiDG. Bocil. in N. E. D. 
belle, sb., tunicy Trev. I. 403 ; an. lit. 12 ; 

ant. Arth. xxix {printed belte ; see errata), 
bellen, v., O.E. bellan, = 0,H,G, pellen, bellen 

(latrare) ; roar^ bellow \ bellin ^mugio^ PR. P. 

30; J)e bole bigan to belle REL. fl. 19; as 

loude as be]le]> wind Ch. H. f. 1803 ; belling 

(pple) as a bole Will. 1891 ; bollen {pple,) 

inflated Map 334 ; Wicl. i Cor. v. 2 ; bollen 

hertes comp. bl. kn. ioi ; a bleddre ibollen 

ful of winde A. R. 282; comp, to-bellen; 

deriv, belle, belle P 
bellinge, sh,,^ O.H.G, pellunga (latr€iius) ; 

roarings lowing^ * mugituSy PR. P. 30. 
belt, sb., 0,E, belt,- OJ^, belti, 0,H,G, balz, 

Lat, balteus ; belty * zonal VOC. 231 ; Iw. 253 ; 

belte {dat,) Ch. C. t. A 3929. 
belte, sb., axey ^securiSy PR. p. 30; ^ coing} 

VOC. 163 ; N. P. 13. 
beltane, sb., May-day ; (n. E. d.). 
t>elten, v., gird with a belt ; belted {pret) 

C M. 15285. 
belwen, v., 0,E, bylgean; bellow \ belwe 

Gow. II. 72 ; L. H. R. 145 ; cou . . . J)at wolde 

belwe after boles Langl. B xi. 333. 
belwlnge, sb., bellowing \ bellewing Gow. 

III. 203. 
bem, see beam, 
beme, sb., 0,E, beme, byme ; trumpet y Map 

348 ; PR. C 4677 ; beeme f noise Ar. 108 ; 

beman (pL) hom. I. 87; bemen frag. 7; 

a. r. 210 ; bemen [bemes, bumes] La^. 4462, 

5107, 5874; beme hom. II. 115; misc. 163; 

bemes Will. 1154; K. T. 499; IsUM. 429; 

bdmene {gen, pL) La^. 19926; HOM. II. 

113; beman {dat,pl,) Mat. xxiy. 31. 
bemen, v., 0,E. bymian ; sound the trumpety 

a. r. 210. 
b§mare, sb., 0,E, bymere; trumpeter y 

^tubiceny frag. 2 ; A. R. 210. 
bemen, see beamien. ben, see b$on. 
benohe, sb., O.E, bene/, 'i=0,L,G.y 0,Fris, 

benk, 0,N, bekkr m, ; benchy * scamnumy PR. 

P. 30; P. L. S. XXXV. II, xxxi. 114 {bank)\ 

Langl. A iv. 32 ; Ar. & Mer. 2325 ; benche 

(dot,) La5. 14963 ; Orm. 14087 ; rel. I. 187 ; 

Horn (L.) 369; on J>ine benche frag. 6; 

benke Man. (H.) 58; iwstices atte benche 

Rob. 570; benche [benches] {pL) LA3. 

24872; benkes Orm. 1 5231 ; comp, kine-, 

<i|de-benelie. 



benched, pple., furnished withy seated on 
benches', benched {pple,) Ch. Tro. ii. 822; 
ibenched PL. CR. 205; benked Orm. 15231. 

benohinge, sb., benching, Trev. Barth. 
{in N. E. D.) ; benkinge Orm. 15232. 

bend, sb., 0,E. bend m. /, - OJ.,G, ♦bend 
{ace. pi, bendi), O.Fris.y MJ)u. bende, OJV. 
benda, Qoth, hsiXid\f,;from binden ; tie, ribboriy 
bandybondy*vittay*\oc,i97]Gow.lll.ii; Ch. 
C. L. 810 ; w. & 1. 35 ; his tunge bend Mk. viL 
35 ; nenne bend ayenb. 48 ; mid sene (r.ane) 
bende of golde Laj. 24747 ; band {stripe) Iw. 
2394 ; bendes (pi.) P. L. s. viii. 95 ; A. R. 382 ; 
^QM. U, 63; misc. 53; Rob. 58; bendes, 
bende O. & N. 1428, 1472 ; be king heom dude 
i(n) bende Laj. 11862; benden {dot, pi.) 
Mat. xi. 2; La^. 587 ; bende Bek. 15 ; ayenb. 
220 ; B. DISC. 252 ; alused ... of bende P. 
L. s. viii. 68 ; fram dea))es harde bende Shor. 
124; comp. IMd'heikd, 

bendel, sb., O.Fr. bendel,=a/r.^. bendel, 
O.N. bendill; bendlet (in heraldry), little band, 
Rich. 2964 ; bendelee Man. (F.) 10043. 

benden, v., O.E. bendan, = 0J\/. benda; bend; 
bende Octav. (H.) 1020; bende hire browes 
Trev. I. 9 ; bende ^tendo * PR. p. 30 ; bende 
{pret.) Flor. 859 ; Gow. I. 234; Egl. 294; 
bende (h)is bowe RoB. 16; }>e amiral bende 
(knitted) (h)is browes Fer. 1954; brentehim 
brimli Fer. 545 ; bend (pple.) spec 34; ibcnt 
c. L. 743 ; AYENB. 174 ; comp. iin-benden. 

bene, sb., 0,E. hln^^O.N. been ; prayer, re- 
quest, Lk. i. 13; HOM. I. 67 ; Orm. 1459; 

GEN. & EX. 251 1 ; StIOR. 47; AYENB. 99; 

SPEC. 58 ; REL. I. 113 ; {>reting ne bene R. s. 

i (MISC. 156) ; grante me a bene Horn (L.) 

508; benen (dat.pl.) Marh. 14; ^^^ bdne. 
bdne, adj., f gracious; A. P. iii. 418 ; ))ene wei 

bene P. L. S. viii. 170; comp. iui-b§ne. 
bdne, adv., pleasantly, ant. Arth. vi. 
bene, see beane. 
benedight, pp]e., from Lat. benedictus; 

blessed, C M. 18705 ; TowNL. 91. 
Benediht, sb.| Lot. Benedictus; Benedict, 

Laj. 13 1 59; A. R. 162. 
benefet, benfeet, bienfait, sb., O.Fr. bien- 

fait; benefity Langl. B\. 436, Cviii. 42; 

benefet Wicl. Esth. xvi. 16; bienlait Gow. 

I. 304; (noble deed) III. 187. 
benefice, sb., O.Fr. benefice ; favour, free 

gift, kindness; benefice ; Ch. C. t. A 291 ; 

benefices (pi.) ayenb. 42; MiRC 317; 

Wicl. s.w. III. 200. 

beneisun, sb., O.Fr. beneison ; benison, bless- 
ing. Hay. 1723; benison Ch. C. t. iS'1365; 

benisoun Man. (F.) 6961 ; benissoun PR. c. 

3405 ; benzown S. S. (Web.) 3485. 
Benet, sb., O.Fr. Benoit; Benet, Benedict, 

PR. p. 31 ; benetis (pi.) WiCL. s. W, III, 

285. 
bengere, sb., corn-bin, pr. p. 31. 



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benigne. 



bdoif. 



51 



benigne, adj., Fr, bcnin ; benign^ Ch. C. t. 

-^4518; Med. 1103. 
benignite, sb., Fr. benignity ; benignity^ Ch. 

C T. B 1668. 
benke, see benohe, 
bent, sh., fields Gaw. 253 ; over the brode bent 

Degr. 200 ; bente {dot.) Jos. 450 ; Ch. C. 

T. A if^i (hillside) ; opon J)e bente bare 

ANT. Arth. xliv ; i walk on his bent TOWNL. 

loi ; bentia (//.) Flor. 1040. 

bent, sb., of:, beonet, - aZ/.C?. binuz ; bent 
(sort ofgrass)y voc. 191 ; A. P. iii. 392. 

beo, sb., O.E. beo, bio, bl, = 0,H.G. bia, MJ)u, 
bie/, O.N. by «.; bee^ ^ apis J FRAG. 3; 
bee voc. 177 ; PR. p. 27 ; bi Lido. m. p. 88 ; 
been (pL) misc. 148; PL. CR. 727; been, 
[bees] WiCL. deut. i. 44 ; a swarm of been 
Ch. C. t. F 204. 

beod, sb., O.K. heod,^ O.L.G. biod, Goth. 
binds, O.H.G. biet w., O.N. bio^r w., bjo^ 
n.y y>77m beoden ; table \ beode (dat^ P. L. S. 
viil 132; biede HOM. II. 228; Angl. I. 23. 

beode, see bede, 

beoden, beodan, v., O.E. beodan, blodan, 
= OJJG. biodan, O.Fris. biada, bieda, Goth. 
(ana-, faur)biudan, OJ^. bjo¥a, O.H.G. biutan, 
piotan, bieten ; bid^ announce^ proclaim^ in- 
vite, command^ HOM. 1. 13 ; beoden A. R. 114 ; 
and lette beoden alle j>a bocares La^. 32124 ; 
Jni scalt . . . beode (preach) fer godes godspel 
29507 ; beoden 5c bodien Kath. 1480; beode 
SPEC 42 ; min erande for to beode Bek. 1408 ; 
beode, bode o. & N. 530 ; beode, bude Fer. 
1793, 1825; bedin ^offero^ PR. P. 28; bede 
Horn (L.) 462; Hav. 1665; Man. (F.) 
11774; Gaw. 374; Min. 19; pr. c 5958; 
and wolde him batail bede Triam. 972; 
bede (pres.) av. Arth. xix; beode^, beot 
HOM. I. 47, 55 ; A. R, 194, 2o8 ; al fat te 
godspel beode)> Orm. 4917; bedef 15745; 
to thilke honour J)at je me bede CH. C. T. 
JE360; b§ad (pret.) A. R. 230; bead, bed 
gen. & ex. 909, 1069 ; biad ayenb. 41 ; baed, 
bed [bead, bad] LA3. 18821, 23407; baed 
Orm. 1 1 799; bed Lk. viii. 29; Sax. chr. 
250; Kath. 441; Rob. 106; chr. E. 122; 
Trist. 2601 ; ant. Arth. i ; he him bed 
risen HOM. II. 147 ; and b ed alle go dne dai 
P.L. s. ix. 200 ; beed AN. Lli'. 1 j ; ViU ' MM- ' 
davit* PR. c. 6275; buden Mk. x. 48 ; & 
buden here ferde Laj. 5146 ; boden Hickes 
I. 225; Am. & Amil. 89)5; bai boden hem 
landes brade Trist. 2636; ne boden him 
bringen ut . . . ^ men GEN. & EX. 1067 ; 
bude (subjct.) hom. I. 13; boden (pple.) 
Ch. l. g. w. 366 ; c m. 10683 ; have% nem 
boden godun dai GEN. & EX. 1430; we ben 
aDc boden (f /or beden) {)ider hom. II. 159; 
were boden to J)e bridale Langl. B ii. 54 ; 
bodin LiDG. M. P. 258; bode Gow. I. 12; 
comp. a-, bl-, for-, 3e-, on-beoden; deriv. 
body bode, budel, 

£ 



bidingre, sb., M.H.G. 'bitiMtig^ ; oblattoH, 
WiCL. E. w. 167. 

beoden, see beden. beof, see boe£ 

beon, v., O.E. beon, blon; be, frag. 7; 
Kath. 502 ; be seal beon )>e bet Laj. 701 ; 
j>at ich king oeon maei 13082; beon iseien 
videri A. R. 94 ; beon, bion (ms. byon) Mat. 
XX. 26, 27; beon, bon (—beon, ^^^ Eng. 
STUD. IV. 99) ; hom. I. 5, 'JT \ o. & N. 262, 
1 195 ; bat ^ ower fihtlac lete]> beo (cease) 
1699; beon, ben Orm. 21, 10255 ; beon, beo 
Bek. 105, 107; been PR. p. 30; ben Man. 
(F.)24; bien Angl. 1. 9 ; hqm. I.219; misc 
26 ; buen spec 25 ; h. h. 67 ; bucn, ben-P. L, s. 
viii. 20, 87 ; bei^ bi GEN. &. EX* 15, 1 195 ; beo, 
be Fer. 517 ; bee Egl. 366 ; lat j>i sorwe be 
(cease) Hav. 1265; lat J)e somnour be Ch. 

C. T. 2^1289; by SHOR. 128; AYENB. 5; 
S. S. (Wr.) 536; bue REL. I. no; boe 11. 
244; to beonne HOM. I. 193; to bienne 
AYENB. 131 ; b§on, beo, [O.E. beom, »= O.L.G. 
bium, O.H.G. pim, bim, bin] (pres.) Laj. 3945, 
9843; bute ich habbe J)ine help ne beo ich 
never bli^ hom. I. 197 ; swa muche ... ich 
beo (v. r. iwur^) him J)e leovere Jul. 17; 
byo Mat. ix. 21 ; be hom. II. 17; SPEa 
30 ; J>u bist FRAG. 7 ; MiSC. 96 ; SPEC. 72 ; 
bist, beost LA5. 3053, 9837; best HOM. II. 
29; Orm. 2455; GEN. & EX. 2884; s. s. 
(Web.) 1663; bes REL. I. 181; ^ou bes 
(shali be) honged Degr. 839; bi^ HOM. I. 
13 ; R. s. V ; swa us w(u)rse, hi? (will be) 
Laj. 972 ; to maer^e waene hit daei bu% 194^4 ; 
ase softe as he is her ase herd he bi% )>er 
A. R. 304; beojj, bej> Orm; 167, 2683; be^ 
GEN. & ex. 182 ; beth, bes Hav. 1264, 2007 ; 
(we, je, 5it, heo) beo* A. R. 8 ; beoj> PROCL. 
2; Alis. 20; beo*, beoJ>, boJ> o. & N. 75, 
911, 1227; beo*2 bo*, bea* hom. I. 73, 89; 
beo*, bu* [beojjj LA3. 5093, 5099; J>a hwile 
je bu* a life P. L. s. viii. 12 ; bieb HiCKES I, 
222 (Angl. I. 8) ; ayenb. i ; bieth, biedh 
misc. 28, 31 ; be^ Rob. 7 ; trans. XIX. 320 ; 
PL. CR. 254 ; buj> E. G. 354 ; bec^, beon 
Kath. 493, 505 ; ben Langl. A\. 6 ; beth, 
^iii. 27; beth, been Ch. C. t. .4.178; bu)>, 
ben Will. 946, 4447; ben Gow* II. 370; 
Mand. 3; WiCL. John viii. io;,al {at hie 
bi ben hom. II. 179; b(S)o, be (imper.) 
O. & N. 546 ; hal beo (earlier text wes) J>u 
Mk. XV. 18; beo* LA5. 19172; beth Will. 
3797; bes Hav. 2246; beo {subj.) o. 
& N. 1225 ; J)u beo FRAG. 6 ; li*e him beo 
drihten LA3. 4; wit beon HOM. 1. 33; heo 
beon A. R. 8; O. & N. 1221 ; beo ^e swi*e 
bisie LA5. 7915 ; b§on, ben (pple.) Orm. 
2311, 8399; ben Langl. Bya. 236; bien 
Man. (H.) 34; bin Tor. 359; ibeon (beon) 
LA3. 8325 ; wel lange ic habbe child ibeon 
[iben] p. L. S. viii. 2 ; ibieu HiCKES I. 222 ; 
ibeo Brd. 4; ibee RICH. 5138; ibie misc. 
34. 
biinge, sb., beings essence ^ ayenb. 103. 



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52 



bdor. 



bmren. 



beor, sb., 0£. b€or, - 0,Fris. biar, bier, 

O.H.G, pier, bier n,; OJV, biorr m,; beer^ 

FRAG. 4 ; Horn (R.) i io8 ; beor, bor o. & n. 

loii; ber Gaw. 129; bor o. & N. 1009; 

beore (dot,) Laj. 13542; bcre Horn (H.) 

1148. 
beord, see beard. 

bec»re, see bere. beoren, see bereiu 
beoi^y see ber^. 
berk, sb., bark^ bark (of a dog\ Angl. IV. 

197. 
beorken, v., 0,E, beorcan ; bark (as a dog)^ 

JARB. XIII. 163; berkin * latro' PR. P. 32; 

berke ayenb. 179 ; Will. 35 ; Alis. 1935 ; 

berkest (fires.) a. r. 122 ; beorke^ [borkeb] 

Laj. 21340 ; berketh LiDG. M. P. 29; berkinde 

(fifile,) REL. I. 266; bark (fireL) Gow. I. 

221 ; burken, borken (firet, fil.) Ed. 912, 

928 ; comfi, be-berken. 
berkere, sb., barker^ S. A. L. 70; berkar 

* latrator' PR. P. 32. 
berkinge, sb., barking (of a dog)y Trev. I. 

83 ; berking Will. 55. 
beorme, see berme. 
beoniy beam, bem, sb., O.E, beom, biom ; 

hero, warrior, man, Laj. 1552, 7645, 8083; 

J)u libere bem P. L. S. xx. 57 ; beum, bem 

Aus*. (Sk.) 9, 219; biurn AV. Arth. xlv; 

buim, bum Langl. B x\, 353; bum Will. 

332 ; bim ant. Arth. iii ; beomes (fil,) 

misc. 92 ; bieraes, bemes, bumes Langl. 

A iii. 256 ; bemes M. H. 39 ; bemus Degr. 

500 ; bemis (printed berins) IsuM. 454 ; 

bumes Gaw. 259 ; buimes Jos. 29 ; beme 

(gen, fil.) SPEC 58; beomen (dot. fil,) LA5. 

23408 ; beme Misc 93. 
becnmen, see brinnen. 
beet, sb., 0,E, beet; menace, Laj. 16338; 

comfi, ^ebeot. 
beoHen, v., 0,E, beotian ; menace ; baoteden 

(firet,) Laj. 20521. 
beouste, see biwiste. 
beovien, see blvien. 
beqvarre, sb., O.Fr, bequarre; the note B 

natural, REL. I. 292. 
beroel, sb., archer's butt, ^meta,' PR. p. 

32- 
berdy see beard and brerd. 
b^e, sb., 0,E. bera,= 0.^.6^. pero, bero ; bear 

(animal), *ursus,^ PR. P. 32; HOM. II. 211 ; 

Hav. 573; AYENB. 15; Langl. ^xv. 294; 

Ch. C. t. a 1640; Mand. 291 ; bere, beore 

Rob. 202; beore LA5. 25590; Alis. 1821 ; 

beore, bore A. R. 198, 202; o. & N. 1021 ; 

beore, beare Jul. 72, 73; beore (gen.) l. h. r. 

140 ; ))es laste bore hweolp a. r. 202 ; berse 

La^. 22282 ; b^rea (fil.) gen. & ex. 191 ; 

bueres A. D. 237. 
b^e-fel, sb., bearskin. Will. 2430; bere- 

skin, Will. 1735 ; Ch. C. t. A 2142. 



b^re-wardy sb., bear-keefier, PR. p. 32 ; P. P. 

364. 

b^e, sb., 0,£, bere, — OJVl barr w., Goth. 

♦baxis, whence barizeins (icplBivos), Lat, far; 

bear(-com), barley, voc. 264; AYENB. 141; 

c. M. 13506; coffifi, pol-b6re. 

b^re-m^ley ^,,barley meal, leechd. III. 96. 

bere-9 stem of beren, v. 
bere-bag, sb., bc^bearer, MiN. ii. 20. 
bere-bliase, sb., bringer of bliss, ayenb. 72. 

bere, sb., fiillow-case, Ch. d. Bl. 254 ; comp, 
bed-, pilwe-bere. 

bere, sb., 0,E, (ge)b2ere, = OJ^ris. bere, OX,G, 
(gi)bari, 0,H.G. (ge)bare ; gesture, noise, up- 
n7tfr,FL.&BL.468; R0B.208; Alis. 550; MiRC 
276; MAS. 623; his untohe bere H. M. 31; 
)>e ^onge man . . . spak wit wel faire bere Al. 
(T.) 129 ; bere and noise Trev. IV. 367 ; who 
makis sich a bere Townl. 109 ; beere misc. 
231 ; beare Laj. 28163*; bere (dot.) Kath. 
2370 ; Will. 43 ; ant. Arth. x ; and wami 
men mid mine bere o. & N. 925 ; comfi, a-, 
^e-bere. 

bere, adj., O.E. (leoht-, waestm-)bsere; bearing, 

fruitful ; childre bere GEN. & EX. 1465 ; comp, 
firende-, liht^bere. 

bere, sb., bearing', for bere of J)ine childe 
Shor. 133. 

bere, sb., O.^'.bsere, = O.N. bara, M,Du,h3£rt; 
7oave ; beres, beares, bieres (fil,) Laj. 1341*, 
28077*, 28625 ; cf. b&re. 

beren, v., 0,E, beran, - O.L,G. beran, 0,II,G. 
peran, beran, O.Fris,, 0,N, bera, Goth, bairan, 
Lat. ferre, Gr, <t>€p^iv ; bear, A. r. 4, 230 ; M. T. 
88 ; j>is seal beren eower saule to hevene riche 
HOM. 1.39; beoren ni^ W5 ; beren [bere] wapen 
La^. 499 ; witnesse beren 13231 ; we sculled 
bere J)in aer(n)de 24803; bieren child Orm. 
2031 ; beoren Kath. 2491 ; (ms, boren) HOM. 
I. 69; bueren rel. I. 267; bere Hav. 623; 
Perc. 190 ; bere fals witnesse Langl. B ii. 80; 
beore Axis. 771 ; beare La^. 24566* ; buere 
spec. 104; to berene HOM. L 147; bei^S 
(fifres,) HOM. I. 109 ; hue berej» ))e pris SPEC 
30 ; J)e bitte J>at beore^ for¥ (firojects) as a water- 
bulge H. M. 35 ; (hi)bere^, berej) O. & N. 1372 ; 
bere^ me genge (bear me company) Mark. 
2 1 ; bere (subj.) gen. & EX. 35 1 3 ; )^t ti lust ne 
beore J)e to j>at te lef were H. M. 1 5 ; |>at heo ure 
erende beore [bere] to J)in hevonkinge R. S. iv 
(misc. 168) ; beoren A. R. 382 ; berinde (fifile.) 
AYENB. 96; berande Alis. 5109; b»r, ber, 
bear, bar (firet.) LA5. 1 180, 1825, 12279, 14771 ; 
ber HOM. I. 131 ; Marh. 22 ; A. R. 368 ; P. S. 
248; SPEC 60; bar Orm. 12615 ; gen. & ex. 
338; Hav. 557; Brd. 20; leg. 6 ; Ch. C.t. 
I4 105 ; J)e erthe ne bar nan com Sax. CHR. 
262 ; bat bar jjat blisful bam Langl. Au.i\ 
bare TRIST. 4 ; Egl. 340 ; jiu bere MISC. 38 ; 
bere, beere Langl. A'lW, 189; (j^j) baeren 
Orm. 7576; baeren, beren Lk. viL 14, 24; 
beren HOM. I. 59 ; Kath. 2496 ; alle j>a him 



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l>0r6tL 



bosant. 



53 



beren ondc La^. 31473 ; buc beren bnem so 

swi|>e hqe SPEa 106; beeren Mand. 172; 

bcre Rob. 177 ; til fei bere [beere] levcs 

Lakgl. Bv, 139 ; baren 365 ; so boldeli |>ei 

ftm bere Tria^I. 1506; boren GEN. & EX. 

684 ; bSre {subjcL) Orm. 3029 ; bere HOM. 

I. 39; Bek. 193; bere [biere] LA5. 2513; 

boren {ppi^.) Qrm. 161; H. H. 196; Hav. 

1878 ; s. S. (Wr.) 73 ; bora Mand. 274 ; he 

hadde . . . bora him wel Ch. C. t. -4 87 ; bore 

ayenb. 221 ; comp. a-, «t-, for-, je-beren; 

deriv. b»re (bere), bearm, berme, burSe, 

borSene. 

berere, sb., bearer^ Mand. 83 ; comf, kAi- 

berere. 

berinsoy sb., bearings bringing forth; sup- 
fort, MISC. 26 ; AYENB. 259; Trev. II. 171 ; 

bering gen. & EX. 2178 ; Alis. 484. 
beren, adj., 6> J?, beren, Goth, barizeins ; made 

0/ barley : fif berene hiafes John vi. 9, 
beren, v., OJE:, (ge)baeran, « OX,G, (gi)barian, 

MJ)u. baeren ; gesticulate^ shout\ bere Hal- 

uw. 166 ; M. T. 99 ; mi selve so to bere (r. w, 

lere) SPEC 93 ; bdre)> (pres.) L. H. R. 215 ; 

beOTinge ipple.) L. H. R. 140 ; bdrde (pret,) 

Jul. 53 ; comp. ^e-beren. 
berfrai, sb., O.Fr, berfroi; belfry, a, p. ii. 

1 187 ; belfrai PR. P. 30 ; berfireis (//.) Man. 

(F.) 1031. 
berj, sb., O.E, beorg, beorh, « OX,G., 0,Fris, 

bcig, OJf.G, berg, perg, O/N. biarg, mod.Eng, 

baiTow ; from barren ; hill, mountain, Gaw. 

2172; bcorah FRAG. 3; berh^e {dot,) LA5. 

12311; berghc, berwe Langl. B s. 589: 

barges (pL) rel. 1. 222 ; beonen [b(e)oreweJ 

(dat.pi.) La^. 20854 ; bergen Lk. xxiii. 30. 
berg, sb., 0,E. (heafod) beorg,- OJV, biorg 

f, protection^ GEN. & EX. 926; comp, hals- 

bw^. 
beni-ham, sb., horse-collary PR. P. 33 ; ber- 

hom YOC 278 ; beruhames (pL) 168. 
berg-lea, adj., without protection, GEN. & EX. 

3048. 

[ber^, sb., f shelter; comp, her-ber^e.} 
ber^n, v., O.E. beorgan,- 0,L,G. bergan, 

0,H,G, pergan, OJ^. biarga, Goth, bairgan ; 

protect, preserve, HOM. II. 209; bergen rel. 

I. 208; bei3hen Orm. 1559; berje ayenb. 

197; berwen Hav. 697, 1426; bergeS {ms, 

berged) (pres,) HOM. II. 197 ; birge^ 195 ; 

barb (pret.) Orm. 14572 ; and barg ¥e child 

fro ^ dead GEN. & ex. 1330; bargh rel, I. 

22 ; barw Hav. 2022 ; buregen HOM. II. 187 ; 

borgen (pple.) HOM. II. 43; bor^hen Orm. 

3248 ; borgen, borwen GEN. & EX. 886, 1 102 ; 

bcr^ed HiCKESl.233; berthed (ms. beryhed) 

PS.xxxiL 17 ; comp. bi-, ^ber^en; deriv. berj, 

bor5,bnr3. 
beriher, sb., protectory PS. IxL 7. 

berhlee, sh.j from bei^en; salvoHony Orm. 
5115. 



berie, sb., O.E. bene, berige, - J/.Z>«. bere, 

besie^, O.H.G. beri, OJt^. ber, Goth, basi n. ; 

berry : as broun as is a berie Ch. C. t. A 207 ; 

berien (pi) A. R. 276 ; beries GEN. & ex. 

2062 ; comp. blae-, ivi-, mtU-, mtir-, strau-, 

win-berie» 
berien, v., O.N. beria, = O.H.G. perien, Lat. 

ferire ; beat, A. R. 188* ; (v. r. bunsen) bere 

Tor. 1045 ; as hit on ehe bere* Kath. 1056 ; 

wij> a swere J>at Arcita me J>urgh be herte bere 

Ch. C. t. a 2256 ; bi )>e bend weie \: per 

tritam viam *] WiCL. NUM. xx. 19. 
berien, see burden, 
beril, sb., Gr. QrjpvWot ; beryl, misc. 98 ; P. L. 

S. XXXV. 92 ; beryl SPEC. 25 ; A. P. i. 10 10. 
Berkeleie, pr. n., Berkeley, Rob. 439. 
berken, see beorken. 
berling, sb., (from bere) young bear \ ber- 

lingis (pL) DEP. R. iii. 40. 
berm, see bearm. 
berman, see under bAr. 
berme. sb., O.E. beorma, bcarma,=J/.Z?«/., 

^.Z.C7.berme,barme m. ; barm^yecLst, ^spuma^ 

VOC. 258 ; PR. P. 32 ; Orm. 997 ; R. S. vii ; 

Ch. C. t. C78i3 ; l. c. c. 39; beormc misc. 

189. 
bermin, v., work out^ ' spumo, pr. p. 32 ; 

bermi Shor. 15. 
bem, see beam and beom. 
bem, berne, sb., O.E. bere em (Lk. iii. 17) ; 

berem, bem ; bam, * horreum^ WiCL. D£UT. 

xxviii. 17; Langl. ^xix.340; beme Orm. 

10487; Trev. I. 173; beme (dot.) o. & n. 

607 ; Gow. I. 162 ; Ch. C. t. A 3258 ; 

beme (pi.) Lk. xii. 18; hemes Rob. 348; 

ayenb. 30. 
b^make, bemakile, sb., Fr. bamaque, bar- 

nache, bamacle, bemacle ; barnacle (bit for a 

horse), * camus,^ PR. P. 33 ; bemacle * camus ' 

WlCL. 4 KINGS xix. 28 ; barnacles (pi.) 353. 
bemake, sb., barnacle-goose ; bamakylle, ber- 

nak * bamacus * PR. P. 32. 
bemen, see brennen. 
berslet, sb., from O.Fr. berseret ; hound, d. 

Troy 2196 ; berselette ant. Ar. iii ; barslett 

Alex. (Dubl. MS.) 786 ; bercelettus (pi.) 

AV. Arth. vii. 
bersten, see bresten. 
berten, v., f perspire : i bert(e) in bedde 

rel. II. 211. 

berSene, see biirt^ene. bem, see ber^. 
berwe, sb., fO.E. beam (grove) \ * umbracu- 

lum,* PR. P. 33. 
berwen, see bergen. 
besagew, sb., O.Fr. besaigug; double-edged 

axe, Parton. 1936. 
besant, sb., O.Fr. besant; Byzantine coin, 

Alis. 311 5 ; beskunt r. r. 1106; besaunt 

< minam * WiCL. Ez. xlv. 12 ; be38an2 (pi.) 
, Orm. 8102 ; besans Alis. 1572. 



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54 



besu 



Wver^ 



besi, see bust. 

besme, sb., 0,E, besma, besema, = O.Fris, 
besma, O.H.G. pesamoi besamo ; besom, 

^SCOpa^ PR. P. 33; AYENB. \^7,\ WiCL. IS. 

xiv. 23 ; boBmen {dat, pL) Marh. 5 ; Jul. 

17 ; mid besme ^ scopis^ Lk. xi. 25 ; beseme 

HOM. II. 87. 
besquite, sb., biscuit, Man. (H.) 171; bis- 

qwite PR. P. 48. 
best, sb., O.Fr, beste, Lat, bestia/; beast, A.R. 

48 ; Brd. 31 ; bat ilke best (r. «/. nest) O. & N. 

99; J>at best WILL. 31 13; beest c. L. 121 ; 

beast Kath. 2067 ; best, beste H av. 279, 944 ; 

beste GEN. & EX. 194 ; beatea {gen,) A. R. 58. 
best-lich, adj., beastly, )>e bestliche mon 

A. R. 58 ; beastliche men H. M. 25 ; beestli 

WicL. I Cor. xv. 44. 

bestial, adj., pertaining to, like a beast, 
BOKENH. 95 ; bestiall Gow. 1. 140; bestaille 
(pL) folk Mand. 224. 

bestdal-liche, adj., belonging to the lower 
animals, bestialli (adv.) gest. R. (H.) xlvi. 
366. 

bestaile, sb., O.Fr. bestaille { = mod, b6tail) ; 
cattle, Gow. II. 138 ; bestaille MaNd. 284; 
beastial {single beast) LiDG. in N. E. D. ; 
beataHes (pi.) kn. T. 103. 

bestialite, sb., O.Fr. bestiality ; nature of a 
beast, Ch. Tro. i. 735. 

bestinge, sb., O.E. bysting, from bSost, = O. 
H.G. biost ; biesting (first milk after calving), 
* colostrum^ CATH. 30. 

bet, ? adv. ; go bet (f go quickly) Ch. C. t. 
C 667 ; go bete S. S. (Wr.) 1005. 

bet, adv., O.E. bet,= O.Fris. bet, O.N. betr, 
O.L.G. bet, bat, O.H.G. paz, baz (compar.) ; 
better, A. R. 416 ; GEN. & ex. 2366 ; ayenb. 
195; OCTOV. (W.) 1 191; Ch. C. t. ^242; 
HocCL. i. 178 ; bett Orm. 4660 ; me luste bet 
O. & N. 39 ; as wel or bet Will. 172 ; to love 
j>at lond be bet Rob. 107 ; J)e bet Langl. 
Cix. 42 ; bet, baet Laj. 13448, 28560. 

best, adv., O.E. betst, = O.Fris. best, OJL.G. 
bezt, best, O.N. bezt, O.H.G. bezest (superl.) ; 
best (adv.), HOM. I. 7 ; A. R. 6 ; god loved he 
best Ch. C. t. A 533 ; godes give is best HOM. 
II. 107 ; bezst [best] Laj. 26606. 

betere, adj., O.E. betera, betra m., betere, 
betre / n., = O.Fris. betera, O.L.G. betara, 
O.N. betri, Goth, batiza, O.H.G. peziro, bezero'; 
better, A. R. 310 ; spec. 28 ; aelc wende to beon 
betere |)ene o¥er LA5. 24536 ; betere is {is pre- 
ferable) 5343 ; betere lif leden p. l. s. viii. 137 ; 
betere [beter] is o song o. & N. 713 ; betere 
bezet AYENB. 102 ; betre CHR. E. 382 ; betre 
hit is HOM. I. 49 ; ))eh him s(e)olf )>e betre 
nere 153 ; bettere, bettre, better Langl. A iv. 
80 ; bettre, better Ch. C. t. A 256 ; beter 
K. T. 320 ; ge sende beteren Lk. xii. 7 ; ))a 
weren hire beteren {her betters) Laj. 3749. 



betste, adj., O.E. betsta m., betste/ ^.,- 
O.Fris. besta, Goth, batista, O.H.G. pezisto, 
bezesto ; best (adj.) Orm. 2948 ; beste Bek. 
1447 ; J>at beste fat we habbe^ hom. II. 221 ; 
here beste for to do Rob. in; J)e beste mon 
A. R. 332 ; his bezste [beste] cnihtes La^. 8844. 

betfts, sb., O.N. beitiass ; sail-yard, Man. (F.) 
12088. 

bete, sb., O.E. bete, Lat. beta ; beet, VOC 190; 
beetes (pi.) lud. Coy. 22. 

betel, sb., O.E. betel, hyXei,= MX.G. bote!, 
M.H.G. bozel ; from beaten ; beetle, mallet, 
STOR. 29 ; betil PR. P. 34 ; bitil Yoa 180 ; ^e 
schulen iseon bunsen ham mit tes deofles 
betles (v. r. bettles) (pi) a. r. 188. 

beten, v., O.E. betan, -« Northumb. boeta, 
O.L.G. betien, O.Fris. beta, O.N. boeta; from 
bote ; mend, remedy, A. R. 92 ; Orm. 4440 ; 
& gunnen here gultes beten p. l. s. viii. 137 ; 
beten alle owre bruchen Kath. 1406; betan 
HOM. I. 113 ; beten, baeten LA5. 5941, 18397; 
bete o. & N. 865 ; Misc. 41 ; Rob. 291 ; s. s. 
(Web.) 2123; Amad. (R.) iv; bete his nede 
Alis. 5065; REL. II. 278; oure serewes to 
bete SPEC. 89 ; to bete fe sinne h. H. 225 ; ^our 
bales to bete Will. 3167 ; bete [beete] hb 
hunger Langl. B vi. 239 ; fires bete Ch. C. 
T. y4 2253 ; nettes bete 3927 ; to betene, to 
betende hom. I. 7, 29; bate (pres.) HOM. I. 
21 ; bSt (imper.) HOM. I. 17; bStte (pret.) 
HOM. I. 83; Kath. 1210; ah ever me )>at 
fur bette La^. 2862 ; |>at her bales bette a 
DISC 2088 ; greet fir ))ei under betten Ch. C. 
T. (7 518 ; bSt (pple^) SPEC 30 ; Will. 3960 ; 
bett IsuM. 764 ; a brighte fir wel bett Perc 
439 ; comp. ^e-beten. 

beten, see biaten. betere, see bet. 

betil, sb,, O.E. betel ; beetle (insect), voc. 255 ; 

bitil PR. p. 37. 
betren, v., O.E. betrian, = O.Fris. beteria, 

O.N. betra, O.H.G. peziron, bezeron ; better, 

improve ; betred (pret.) PS. xii. 5 ; beterid 

(pple.) WiCL. S. w. III. 349. 
beteringe, sb., cut of making better, WiCL. 

S. w. I. 55. 

bettemeSy sb., ' benignitatem,' PS. li. 5. 
he% see baS. bej>e, see bfttfe. 
beSen, v., fOJ^, bei^; ask, gen. & ex. 

2498. 
b^}>ieii, v., steep, foment, GEN. & EX. 2447 ; 

bethed tr. f. 8. 

beupere, bewsher, see under beL 
beute, see bealte. 
b^ver, sb., O.E. beofer, = M.L.G. bever, 

O.H.G. biber, piber, O.N. bjorr, Lat. fiber; 

beaver, * castor,* voc 220 ; p. L. s. viii. 182 ; 

PL. CR. 295. 

b^ver-hat, sb., beaver-hat, Ch. C. t. A 272. 
b6ver-h(e)wed,pr. n., beaver^ coloured,GAyi. 

845. 



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b^ver* 



.bi-b6d6. 



55 



Beofbr-lai, pr. n., Beverley^ FRAG. 5 j Beverlei 
Misc 146. 

bever^^, sb., O.Fr. bevrage ; beverage^ Rob. 
26; Rich. 4365; Gaw. 11 12; a. p. li. 1433; 
Langl. yi v. 189. 

b^vereiiyadj., = il/.//l^.bibcrin,/Z<i/.fibrinus; 
beaver coloured ; his beveren berd ant. Arth. 
xxviii ; beverine lokkes D. Arth. 3630. 

beveroDy \,,^L.G> bevern; tremble: mani 
biightes shoke and bevered Mal. i. 15. 

[bi-, prefix, O.E, bi-, be-, mod,Eng, be-, for 
IfUprep.] 

bi, prep., 0,E, bi, big, hty^O.L,G, bl, be, 
0,H,G, pi, br, pe, be, Goth, bi ; by. whan a 
man is an ur)>e ded and his soole bi {with) 
god treat. 134; J)ulke faire worn man )>at 
stent bi him P. L. S. x. 10 ; fe qvene J)at by fe 
stod SPEC. 70 ; |)at fe bi stod R. s. v ; spec. 
58; stod hem bi Orm. 3340; tostonden ¥e bi 
GEN. & EX. 3666 ; bi bare see O. & N. 1754 ; 

te wune^ bi westen Kath. 591 ; ))at wone^ 
ire bi SPEC 96 ; bi mire side LA5. 7879 ; bi 
eche side Brd. 22; bi )>i side J OS. 42 ; bi are 
halve heo riden LA3. 9460; an o))er abbei 
is j)er bi P. L. s. xxxv. 147 ; alle ))at ter bi ga^ 
Kath. 1482 ; mi5t(e) we . . . com(e) bi tvo 
skinnes Will. 1688 ; bi ))one toppe he bine 
nom Laj. 684 ; he tok his child bi fe hande 
IsUM. 325 ; live^ . . . bi him one A. R. 12; 
ben ... bi him selfen (by himself alone) 
Orm. 822 ; \o heo were al bi hem selve Rob. 
104; bi {in) |»an dagen HOM. II. 47 ; bi olde 
dawe MISC 47 ; bi ^n time Jul. 4 ; bi time 
(betimes) GEN. & EX. 1088; HORN (L.) 965; 
bi daie La^. 2082 ; o. & N. 241 ; bi nijte 
Bek. 59 ; fat ich ne mai iseo bi [be] lihte 
0. & N. 366 ; jif he sellej> meche bi jere E. G. 
355 ; al swa hit is bi mine songe O. & N. 
1373; )>er com a pr(e)ostbi ])e weie HOM. I. 
79; jie fuheles ))e fleon bi ¥e lufte Mark. 9 ; 
bat flih)) bi grunde O. & N. 506 ; as hi wend e 
oi J»e wode P. L. S. xiii. 153; he )>at come)> 
not in bi be dore WiCL. John x. i ; bi watere 
k bi londe LA5. 10511 ; be children ^ede to 
tunc bi dales (r. dale) & bi dune HORN (L.) 
154; bi (on) heore life hehte heom La^. 
24317; bi (per) god Horn (L.) 165 ; ))et nie 
ne zverie ... by be hevene ayenb. 6 ; hit is 
awriten bi (of) him HOM. I. 129 ; al hit wes 
les'inge j>at heo seiden bi j^an kinge La^. 
19079 ; sei% uvel bi an o¥er A. R. 86 ; as be 
Giwcs dude bi oure loverd Bek. 2161 ; ne 
de)> wel bi me A. D. 294 ; )>e king havede bi 
his wive twene sonen LA3. 4288 ; heo schal 
libben bi (on) elmesse A. R. 414 ; noht ne maj 

te man bi braed al ane libben Orm. 11344 ; 
i ^ leve (by thy leave) gen. & ex. 2865 ; bi 
5oure leve Ch. C. t. A 3916 ; ne talde fej 
noht tejre kin . . . bi wimmen ac . . . bi 
wepmen Orm. 2061 ; sunne like^ him bi 
(according to) J)inc tale A. R. 334 ; ¥e mone 
is more bi mannes tale ¥an al ¥is er^e GEN. 
& EX. 141 ; and dude al bi his rede Bek. 



169; it semed bi here speche Langl. 
B prol. 52 ; bi hu muchel j>e an passed )>e 
o¥re H. m. 23 ; J>o was it bi a fot to schort 
L. H. R. 30 ; a cite bi nome Nazareth icalled 
Jos. 78 ; i clepede be bi bi name WiCL. Is. 
xliii. I ; he wente nous oi hous Ch. C. t. 
/? 1765 ; 5er bi [be] jerc E 402 ; his doghter 
hadde a lied al bi nir selve right in J)e same 
chambre bi and bi -<4 4142 ; up ros oure swete 
ladi and kist j»e apostles bi & bi ASS. B 360 ; 
sende hit bi his sonde La^. 3151 ; alle J)ingis 
ben maad bi him WiCL. John i. 3 ; as sche 
sat be J»e welle Octav. (H.) 327 ; ^ castel be 
)e see Tor. 871 ; J)et me offrede wilem be 
K> ialde laghe MiSC. 27 ; be dai Fer. 2129; 
)e middai AuD. 75 ; be ^is time Will. 103 i ; 
(hi solde) be an ofer weje wende into hire 
londes Misc. 27 ; zverej> ... be god ayenb. 
6 ; be the rode Gener. 2445 ; sio manigeo 
wundrede be (at) his laere Mk. xi. 18 ; be us 
foure )>is i telle c. L. 495 ; be fet he he)> ofguo 
AYENB. 13 ; hi ssolden bi ibor^e be him 12. 

bi, sb., 0,N, byr; mod.Eng, -by in local 
names; from bfien; town^ Halliw. 172; 
c. M. 13290; Guy 267. 

bi-8eften, -aften, bseften, adv. & prep., 
O.-E.beaeftan, baeftan; behind, after, LA3. 7570, 
8680, 26057 ; bieften HOM. I. 39 ; he let bi- 
aften ¥e more del gen. & ex. 3377 ; baeften 
FRAG. I ; baften hom. II. 199 ; Orm. 14688 ; 
beften Lk. xxii. 6 ; befte me Mat. xvi. 23 ; 
baften, baft PS. Ixxvii. 66; on bafte [baftj 
abaft c M. 22130. 

bi-barren, v., bar\ bibarred {pple,) a. r. 
170. 

bibben, v., drink \ bibbes (pres.) A. P. ii. 
1499 ; this miller hajj so wisli bibbed (pple.) 
ale Ch. C. t. -4 4162. 

bi-beoden, v., O.E. bi-, bebeodan, = O.H.G. 
pipiutan; enjoin, command*, bibead (/r^/.) 
HOM. I. 225. 

bi-ber^eiiy v., 0,E. bebeorgan, « 6?./^.(7. pi- 
pergan; protect: }>ene scute biberh Laj. 
1461. 

bi-berken, v., bark at: })e felle dogge \tt 
bit and beberkj? (pres,) alle |;o ))et he mai 
AYENB. 66. 

bible, sb., Fr. bible ; bible, Langl. ^ ix. 41 ; • 
Gow. 1. 15. 

bi-bledOD, v., cf Ger. bebluten ; cover with 
blood', bibldd (pple.) A. R. 118*; Bek. 
2210; S. S. (Wr.) 810; Trev. VIII. 155; {>e 
ground . . . bibled was mid his blode Shor» 
87 ; bebled MiRC 1934 ; L. H. R. 190. 

bi-blodegien, v., ?for ♦^eblodegien; make 
bloody, biblodege (imper.) A. R. 292 ; biblo- 
deget (pple.) Marh. 3. 

bi-blotten, v., blot\ beblotte (imper.) Ch. 
Tro. ii. 1027. 

bi-b6de, sb., O.E. h\hod. ; command, command- 
w^/,hom. 1.221,125; be-,bibode(</a/.)P.L.s. 



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56 



bi-bufen. 



bi-oiim6n« 



viii. 131* ; bebode (pi,) Mat.xix. 17 ; biboda, 

-bode, -bodan, -boden HOM. L 119, 131. 
bi-btifBD, adv., a^ove, Orm. 17970. 
bi-bti^en, v., O.E, bi-, bebugan ; escape, turn 

aside] blbdh (preL) LA3. 8193; heo hine 

bibujen 12252 ; bibo^en (pple,) 10569. 
bi-biirieiiy v., 0,E, bi-, bebyrgan ; bury, LA5. 

10436 ; A. R. 216 ; beburie Rob. 166 ; to 

beberienne Mat. viii. 21 ; bibiiriede (pret.) 

Kath. 2227 ; biburijede La;. 1728 ; heo . . . 

biburjeden 1 507 1 ; biburied (pple.) Laj. 

10833 ; bebered ayenb. 263. 
bi-oaohen, v., catch, ensnare, HOM. II. 35 ; 

bikache REL. I. 183 ; bioahte (pret.) Horn 

(R.) 663; bikaht (pple,) Orm. 11621; bi- 

caujt s. s. (Web.) 638; becajt avenb. 54; 

bicauhte, -kehte (pi.) P. L. S. viii. 160. 
bi-oallen, v., call, address, accuse; becalle 

Guy (Z.) 7596; bioalle (pres.) a. p. i. 912 ; 

becalle ant. Arth. xxxii ; bicalle^ GEN. 

& EX. 2314. 
bi-odren, v., fbe careful about; to ofte man 

bicare^ j>is lif Angl. I. 27. 
bi-casten, v., cast around; clothe, invest: 

hi . . . bit al bicaste wib bolehuden Brd. 5 ; 

wijj deope diches beo)> ticaste C L. 694. 
bioohe, sb., O.E. bicce,=O.A^. bikkja; bitch, 

REL. I. 187 (MISC. 137) ; AN. LIT. 11 ; TREV. 

III. 141; Langl. Av, 197; Ches. I. 181; 

bicche, bicke PR. P. 35 ; bichche S. S. (Web.) 

1802 ; bioohen (pL) Alis. 5394. 
bioohed, adj., ? cursed; that bichid body 

LUD. COY. 395 ; so breme and bicchid in 

himselfe Alex. 165 ; bicched bones (dice) 

Ch. C. t. C656 ; biched bones Townl, 

241. 
bi-oharmeiiy v., charm ; becliarme]> (pres.) 

AYENB. 257. 

bi-ohauuteiiy v., enchant, Ar. & Mer. 721. 
bi-oherren, v., O.E. becerran, - O.H.G. be- 

cheren ; seduce, deceive, A. R. 368 ; bicharren 

La;. 5355; bicheorre 969*; bicherre MISC. 

46 ; j)u bicherrest [bich(e)oiTest] La;. 3837 ; 

he bicherre^ monie mus to )>e sto(c)ke HOM. 

L 53 ; ;e bicherre^ (bichearre^) Jul. 42, 43 ; 

bicherde (pret.) hom. IL 59; Kath. 1188; 

bloherred (ms. bischaerred) (pple,) La;. 

7980 ; bicherd P. L. S. viii. 160 ; A. R. 224 ; 

S. A. L. 149. 
bi-ohirmen, v., scream around: hi me bi- 

chirme]> Lbichermet] and bigredej> O. & N. 

279. 
bi-olappe, v., clap about, Ch. C. t. G 9. 
bi-clarten, v., soil: ))at spatel J)at swa bi- 

clarted ti leor hom. I. 279. 
bi-oleopien, v., 0.E, becleopian ; appeal, ac- 
cuse, A. R. 344 ; Misa 61 ; biclepiean, biclu- 

pien P. l. s. viii. 54 ; j>at he scholde fram 

(ulke curt biclipie to fe kinge Bek. 606 ; (hie) 
iolepietS (pres.) hom. II. 173; we beclepe^ 
Je dom c. L. 498 ; bicI(e)opedy bicleped 



(pple.) o. & N. 550; a preost » . . ]iat of 
mansla;t was bidiped Bek. 365. 
bi-cliippen, v., O.E. bi-, bcclyppan ; embrace, 
A. R. go; beclippe Gow. II. 95; Mand. 
52; biclippe Uomplectimini' WiCL- PS. xlviL 
13 ; biolupte (pret.) La;. 26776 ; ROB. 309; 
biclipte P. L. S. xii. 59 ; beclepte ayenb. 240 ; 
bicliipped (pple.) hom. L 201; biclipped 
Trey. 1. 179. 

bi-olusen, v., O.E. beclysan; inclose, La;. 
15023; biclosi Rob. 558; blduade (pret.) 
La;,. 1 86 1 4 ; biclused (pple.) frag. 7; a. R. 
378 ; bioluaet Kath. 598. 

bi-olutien, v., dress up; blclute (imper.) 
A. r. 316. 

bi-cnawen, v., O.E. becnawan, = O. /T. <7. 
pechnahan; acknowledge, know; biknowen 
Rich. 4476 ; Langl. B prol. 204 ; beknowen 
Gow. I. 62 ; beknawe ayenb. 132 ; mon hwi 
nultu fe bicnowe R. S. i ; biknowe Ch. C. t. 
A 1558; him one to biknowe Shor. 95; 
biknowe (pres.) Gaw. 2385 ; ;if i beknowe 
mi name Am. & Amil. 1279 ; bekneu (pret.) 
AYENB. 215; biknewe Langl. j5 145 ; W- 
kn&we (pple.) Ar. & Mer. 425 ; he was 
biknowe J)at Rimenild wes (h)is owe HORN 
(R.) 993 ; he was beknowe Will. 2172. 
bl-cn&winge, sb., knowledge ; beknawinge, 
AYENB. 126. 

[bi-onawleohen, v., acknowledge.'\ 
bicnawleohinge, sb., confession, ayenb. 
32. 

bi-oolmen, v., cover with soot; bioobnede 
(pret.) Horn. (L.) 1064. 

bi-oomsen, v., commence ; bikomsed (pret.) 
Will. 2523. 

bi-cr&ven, v., crave, gen. & ex. 1388. 

biouxne-lio, adj., M.H.G. bekomenllch ; be- 
coming, HOM. I. 129; bicumelich II. 127; 
beoumellche da;es \^tempus acceptabile^\ 
I. II ; bioumeliche (cuiv.) REL. I. 131. 

bi-oumen, v., O.E. bi-, becimian, O.L.G, 
becuman, O.H.G. pichoman, -qveman, Goth. 
biqiman ; become, come into bein^, happen, 
befit, A. R. 64 ; ne mei nan man bicuman to 
mine heovenliche federe hom. I. 119 ; )>at ich 
wulle bicumen [bicome] )>in mon La;. 8482 ; 
waer scullen we bicumen 2 191 3; Jwit him 
walde bicumen a freoboren burde Jul. 6; 
alle worldaihte schulle bicumen to nouhte 
REL. I. 183 (misc. 126); bicome Bek. 40; 
biklmeS, bicume^ (pres.) Jul. 54, 55 ; 
so hit bicumej> to havekes cunne o. & N. 271 ; 
it bicimie^ him swi^ wel Misc. 23 ; bioam 
(pret.) Langl. B v. 493 ; it so bicam gen. & 
EX. 2007; becam Mand. 231 ; j)er wiste non 
wher he becam Gow. II. 120; bicom Kath. 
1 563 ; H. H. 48 ; ))e him bicom swi¥e wel 
La;. 18169 ; hit bicom me wurse A. R. 316; 
}>o hit bicom ]>at he ha;te o. & N. 105 ; bi- 
comen Hay. 2257 ; heo to londe bicomen 



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bi-cw6sto« 



biden* 



57 



Ij^. 105 ; biomnen (pple.) a. r. 340 ; michel 
sorge is me bkumen gen. & ex. 2227 ; bi- 
comen p. L. s. xxx. 22 ; bicome Will. 222. 

bi-oweste, sb., bequest; bi-qveste Langl. 
^vL87; Man. (H.) 86. 

bi-cwesteiiy v., bequeath ; biqvest PL. CR. 69. 

bi-cw^Seiiy v., 0,E, bi-, becweyan ; bequeath ; 
bcqwethin Uego^ PR. p. 31 ; liches . . . smeren 
and winden and biqve?en {bewaitf) GEN. & 
EX. 2448 ; ic ou wile seggen . . . hwat J>at 
word biqvej> (meam) HOM. I. 75 ; biqveS 
[bicwajjj (^pret.) LA5. 9190 ; biqve)> ROB. 381 ; 
biqvaj) Gam. 99 ; beqve}>en {pple.) PL. CR. 
409; biqvejje Trev. I. 5. 

bi-cwide, sb., legacy \ biqvidc RoB. 381 ; 
beqvide AYENB. 112. 

bid, v.,=bud, must\ bidde Hav. 1733. 

bi-d»Ien, v., 0,E, bi-, bedaelan, = aZ.G^. 
bedelian, 0,H.G. piteilan ; deprive ; bldfiled 
(pple,) FRAG. 6 ; Orm. 4677 ; witte bidseled 
LA5. 10283 ; bideled of ]^ here HOM. II. 49 ; 
bidelid rel. I. 185 (MISC. 134). 

bi-daffen, v., befool \ bej) nought bldaffed 
Ch. C. T. £'1191. 

bi-daggen, v., ?=bld5aweii;=J/.Z>«. be- 
dauwen ; splashed with clay ; bidagged {pple) 
Aus. 5485. 

bi-di^ien, v., daum upon ; bedawe)> (pres.) 
Gow. II. 193; bedaghe {subj\) D. Troy 
758. 

bidden, v., 0,E. biddan, = a/Wj. bidda, 
OJLG, biddian, Goth, bidjan, 0,N, bi¥ja, 
OJ{,G, bittan, pittan ; pray^ beg, bid, com- 
mand, A. R. 228; GEN. & EX. 1802; Hav. 
529 ; & bidden (pray) for heom HOM. I. 7 ; 
&h(e)oin to gode bidden 139; bidden bine 
mildceLA5 .12271 ; bidden his milce R. S. iv ; 
bidden ))es bone Kath. 611; bidden for 

ttORM. 6130; to bidden us to Criste 8990; 
iddin * oro, mando^ PR. p. 35; bidde 
AYENB. 5 ; of heore sunnen bidde bote o. & 
N. 858 ; mi mete for to bidde Horn (H.) 
1218 (R. 1 183); to biddene HOM. I. 39; 
Wdde (pres.) Will. 4754 ; ich . . . bidde bin 
ore HOM. I. 205 ; ihc bidde |je M blessmg 
ASS. 158 ; 5if i bidde (subj) ani beaes Langl. 
By, iff] \ biddest Marh. ii ; bist Misc 84; 
bidden Laj. 16834 ; bidde)>CH. C. T. y4364i ; 
he bat biddej> borwe)> Langl. -^viL 81 ; )>e 
wikked he biddejj {Jar beodeb) to gon heore 
wai p. L. s. xxviL 1 1 ; biddes I SUM. 270 ; 
biddci s. A. L. 153; beddez Gaw. 1374; bit 
A. R. 156; Orm. 5454; bit, bid o. & N. 441, 
445» .1352 ; & hclpes me bidda^ HOM. I. 13 ; 
Ki biddi|» vor ur(e) fon ROB. 235 ; heo bidde]> 
heom to gode Misc. 85 ; hide (imperat.) rel. 
1. 186 ; bide hhie HOM. I. 17 ; bide [bid] Laj. 
437S ; bide [bidde] his grace H. M. 11; 
bidden {subj\) hom. I. ii ; J)at je bidden for 
roc Jul. 75 ; biddinde (pple.) ayenb. 219 ; 
biddinde [biddinge] LA3. 16754; baed, bed 
(pret.) Lk. vii. 3, viii. 37 ; baed, bad, bead. 



bed LA5. 2454, 3971, 4767, 4879; bed A. 

R. 156; AYENB. 191; P. S. 248; & bed 

bine witen )>ene forwundede mon HOM. I. 
85 ; bad ORM. 2385 ; HORN (L.) 79 ; Bek. 
2256 ; Fer. 2127 ; AN. UT. 12 ; Mand. 228 ; 
Tor. 1245 ; he bad hise bede gen. & ex. 
1375; heo bad for Hom HORN (L.) 79; so 
god it bad (f/or bead) 57 ; J>u bede Laj. 
31604 ; o. & N. 550; Rob. 133 ; bone J)at j)ou 
bede P. S. 153; Jk)u me bede singe Shor. 
118; baeden Lk. iv. 38; Orm. 697; bcden 
FRAG. 6; heo beden [bede] hine come to 
helpe Laj. 666; bede Will. 2102; Al. (T.) 
370 ; Gow. I. I II ; non ober hevene hi ne 
bede Fl. & Bl. 553; bftde (subj.) Orm. 
9595 ; hede LA3. 29884 ; A. R. 222 ; O. & N. 
1678 ; and bede ane bone Kath. 2401 ; )>at 

te watur bede LEB. Jes. 317; bede, beede 
.ANGL, B viii. 102 ; bat hi for him bede 
Bek. 2256; beden (pple.) hom. II. 63; 
WiCL. Lk. xiv. 7*1 bede Will. 2410; Gow. 
I. 70; were bede to ))e bridale Langl. A ii. 
36 ; & dide al als him beden (Jbr boden) 
was Orm. 3138; comp, ^e-bidden; deriv, 
body bede, beden. 

biddere, sb., O.E. biddere ; one who orders 
or begs ; bidder PR. C 3679 ; bidderes (//.) 
and beggers Langl. B vi. 206. 

biddunge, sh,,^ M.H,G, bittunge ; bidding, 
praying, HOM. I. 69 ; A. R. 108 ; biddinge 
AYENB. 194. 

bide, sb., O.E. hid,= M.N.G, bit ; delay, ToR. 
1463 ; c. M. 1761 ; wi^uten bide L. H. R. 
113. 
bi-deawen, v., M.H.G, betouwen; bedew \ 
bedeawe]' (pres.) ayenb. 95 ; bidewed 
(pple.) Pall. vi. no. 

bidel, j^^biideL 

bi-delven, v., O.E. bedelfan, = (^./>xy. bi- 
delva, O.L.G, bedelban, O.H.G. bitelban; 
dig round, dig', bidelve REL. I. 116; s. s. 
(Web.) 1374; Ar. & Mer. 1026; bedalf 
(pret.) Mat.xxv. 18 ; bai bidolven S. S. (Web.) 
2044 ; bidolven (pple.) Ch. Boet. v. i (151); 
bedolve Will. 5252. 

bi-demen, v., condemn, Hom. 1. 167. 

biden, v., O.E.\A^n,^O.L.G. bidan, Goth. 
beidan (•n^o^hix'^vBai), O.N. bi^ O.H.G. 
bitan, mod.Eng. bide ; await, expect, endure, 
MISC. 152 ; AN. lit. 5 ; bide P. S. 204 ; s. S. 
(Web.) 2864 ; OCTOV. (W.) 874 ; Gaw. 374 ; 
Langl. B xviii. 307 ; MiN. v. 52 ; Tor. 1023 ; 
bide an dwelle P. L. s. iii. 40 ; 1 mai no lenger 
bide Ch. C. t. .^44237; bide an answare 
Flor. 264 ; muche chele he bid SPEC. 1 10 (a. 
D. 176) ; bide (imper.) H. M. 11 ; bide (subJ.) 
HOM. II. 149; b&d (pret.) Perc 569; 
Herode king bad after J)e3re come Orm. 
6507; bod Gow. III. 292; jje navre wowe 
ne bod HOM. II. 33; bod [bood] {' mansit'] 
WiCL. I KINGS xxiii. 18 ; bood Ch. C. t. 
-^4399; biden (pret.pl.) Laj. 12690; reb. 



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58 



biden* 



bi-fdren. 



LiNC 17; hi nefre ne bide nane niede HOM. 

II. 221; biden {pple.) Alis. 897; Man. 

(F.) 3403 ; comp, a-, an-, ^e-, over-biden ; 

deriv, bide, b&de. 
biding, sb., 0,E, biding; delay y Fer. 4026 ; 

PR. C 4708. 
bidene, adv., at once^ at the same time, Orm. 

4793; Hav. 730; L. H. R. 63; Man. (H.) 

45 ; MiN. iv. 53 ; (ms, by dene) MiRC 1870; 

342 ; bifore, hure knele ^e alle bi detie (ms, 

bi dene) ass. 347 ; }>e orf deiede al bidene 

P. s. 342 ; hit falewe)> al bidene (ms. by dene) 

SPEC. 61 ; bedene (ms. bedene, be dene) GUY 

(Z.) 2408; Egl. 1128; ant. Arth. xxiv; 

MIR. PL. 117. 
bi-derken, v., darken \ blderked (pple.) 

Gow. I. 81. 
bi-deman, v., O.E. bi-, bedyraan ; conceal, 

FRAG. 8. 
bi-didren, v., O.E. bedidrian ; delude, Orm. 

15391 » )^ defel hafde hem al bididred & 

forblended 19 138. 
bi-dihten, v., bedight ; bidight (pple^) Degr. 

144. 
bi-ddn,v.,«=A/;Z.(7.bed6n, M,H,G. betuon; 

dejile with ordure, A. R. 130. 
bi-d6te, v., make to dote, make foolish ; bedote 

Ch. l. G. w. 1547. 
bidowe, sb., ? kind of weapon, Langl. A xi. 

211. 
bi-dravelen, v.,^L.G. bedrabeln; drabble*, 

bedrabilid (pple.) PR. P. 28 ; his herd was bi- 

draveled Langl. B v. 194. 
bi-drenchen, v., soak^ steep \ bedreint 

(pple.) CT. LOVE 577. 
bi-driven, v., O.E. bednfan; drive about'. 

we bco^ . . . mid wedere bidrivene LA5. 

6206. 
bi-droppe, v., « Ger. betropfen ; bedrop ; be- 

droppe Gow. III. 254; bidropped (pple.) 

Langl. j5 xiii. 321. 
bi-diitten, v., shut up: ^2^ J)u bist feste 

bidytt GR. 27. 
bi-dwelien, v., seduce, confound ; heo bid- 

weolie'S (pres.) simple men A. R. 128 ; as he 

bldweoled [v. r. bidweolet] (Pple.) were 

Kath. 1258. 
bled, see beod. 

bien, see bSon. bien, see buggen. 
bi-eode, v., O.E. bi-, beeode ; went round, 

LA5. 1 188; bi3ede Shor. 145; bieoden 

Kath. 1614. 

bieren, see beren. biem, see beom. 
bi-fallen, v., O.E. befeallan, = O.L.G. (incidere) 

bifallan, O.H.G. pifallan; befall, fall, c. L. 

293; bifalle LA5. 4508*; Hav. 2981 ; Will. 

547; in seknesse bifalle HOM. I. 157; bi- 

valleS (pres.) A. R. 246 ; bifeol (pret.) LEG. 

4 ; bifel gen. & EX. 963 ; Langl. A prol. 6; 

befel HOM. 1. 231 ; hit biful LA3. 1818* ; Bek. 



219 ; )>e oreisouns . . . j>at bifuUe (pertained) 
})er to P. L. s. xxi. 170; bifallen (pple.) HOM. 
I. 281 ; bevalle ayenb. 49 ; }>o was bit bivalle 
(first text ilumpen) Laj. 7195*. 
bi-fkllinge, sb., happening, occurrence, Ch. 
Tro. iv. 990 ; bifoUinges (pi.) WiCL. wiSD. 
viii. 8. 

bi-fealden, v., O.E. bi-, befealdan,=0.//:<7. 
pifaldan; envelop*, befilold (pret.) Mk. xv. 
46 ; bi», bevealde (pple.) ayenb. 8, 188 ; bi- 

folde CL. M. 27 ; LAI LE FR. I72. 

bl-felen, v., O.E. bi-, befeolan, O.L.G. bi- 
felhan, O.H.G. pifelhan, -felahan; commit: 
helle fe we weren in bifolen (Pple). HOM. I. 
123 ; oft ic habbe bevolen an orer senne v. & 
V. 9. 

bi-fellen, v., O.E. befyllan ; fell, cut dawn ; 
biveollen (/ ms. biveolen) Laj. 27069. 

bi-flnden, v., O.Fris. bifinda, « 0.//:(7. pi- 
findan ; find', blvond (pret.) Rob. 267 ; bi- 
funden (pple.) hom. II. 47 ; H. M. 31 ; Orm. 
748. 

bi-flean, v., O.E. beflean; flay; bevla^e 
AYENB. 73 ; bo bet bevlea)> |)e povre volk 218 ; 
beflain (pple.) Gow. III. 183. 

bi-fleden, \.,=Ger. befluten; flow round: 
)>ae sae hine bifl^dde LA5. 25738. 

bi-fleon, v.,^0.E.he!^^0Ti,^0.H.G. pifleo- 
han ; flee, escape ; biflien hom. 1. 169 ; bifluen 
P. L. s. viii. -jy ; bivli Shor. 127 ; be-, bivli 
AYENB. 9, 134; bevli3^ (pres.) ayenb. 73; 
bifle (subj.) SHOR. 36; bevl03e (pret.) 
ayenb. 77. 

bi-fliing, sb., shunning ; bevliinge ayenb. 
121. 

bi-fleten, v., cause to be surrounded: mid see 
him bifl^tte (pret.) HORN (L.) 1396. 

bi-fldwen, v., flow around; bi-flowe (pple.) 
Horn (H.) 612. 

bi-f61e, v., befool, Gow. I. 10. 

bi-fon, v., O.E. bi-, befon, O.L.G., O.H.G. bi- 
fahan ; contain, encompass : fe loverd fet al fe 
world ne muhte nout bivon A. R. 76 ; Brutus 
bifenff al )>at him biforen wes Lai. 829 ; mid 
aene (r. ane) bende of gold aelc hafde his haefd 
bivonge 24748 ; mid deofle bivon hom. I. 9. 

bi-foroen, v., force^ ravish ; beforst (pret.) 
Barb. 536. 

bi-f6ren, adv. & prep., O.E. bi-, beforan, « 
O.L.G. biforan; before, Orm. 117; procl. 
5 ; spec 24 ; Jos. 28 ; Mihhal eode biforen 
hom. I. 41 ; eour eiber sunega^ biforan 
drihten 15; biforen [bifore] and bihinden 
LA5. 439; biforen j>on kinge 8820; biforen 
alle o¥re h. M. 19 ; ^r biforen gen. & ex. 
665 ; biforen, -voren frag. 7 ; bivoren A. R. 
190; swo we biforan qve|)en Misa 146; 
biforen, -fore [* ante '] Mat. v. 12 ; Lk. i. 8 ; 
bifom Hav. 1022; Ch. C. t. A 100; bifom, 
bifore Mand. i, 225 ; seen befom, [bifore 
se] [^praevidere '] WiCL. ECCLES. iv. 13 ; bi- 



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bi-f6ren. 



big. 



59 



fore P. L. s. xviii. 136 ; )« sterre })et iede biforie 
hem MISC. 27 ; bifore ]>at oure king wes ded 
P. S. 246. 

blfbre-oasting, sb., pre-calculation^ malice 
aforethought; of biforecasting [* de industrial] 
WiCL. Jer. XXXV iii. 4. 

bilbre-cnftwen, v., foreknow^ know before- 
hand-, God biforekn§w (/r<f/.) also the 
tbingis to cominge of hem WiCL. WISD. xix. 
I*; bifore-knowinge know tbow ^scito 
praenoscens^ WiCL. GEN. xv. 13. 

bifore-cumen, v., come before : as he knerw^ 
him strongli biforeoummen \^ se a viro 
praeventum'\ of the man WiCL. 2 Macc. 
xiv. 31. 

bifore-eutten, v., cut beforehand \ bifore- 
kitte je [^ firaecedite*] the braunchis therof 
WicL. Dan. iv. ii. 

bifore-gan, v., go before : merci and treuthe 
shul biforgo ['praecedite*'\ thi face WiCL. 
PS.hcxxviii. 15. 

bifbre-goere, sb., forerunner: I schal 
sende thi biforegoere ['praecursorem'] an 
aungel WiCL. ex. xxxiii. 2 ; nise je and sue 
the biforgoeris [^ praecedentes '] JOSH. iii. 
3; sentist waspis beforgoeres of thin ost 
WISD. xii. 8. 

bifbre-greiSen, v., prepare beforehand : I 
shai beforgreithe \^ praeparcd>o^\ thi seed 
WiCL. PS. Ixxxviii. 5 ; the vois of the Lord 
befoigreithende herttis \^praeparantis cen/os'] 
xxviii. 9; he . . upon the flod is befor- 
greithide it xxiii. 2. 

bifbie-greiSinge, sb., preparation: rijt- 
wisnesse and dom beforgreithing ^^praepar^ 
atio'] of thi scte WiCL. PS. bcxxviii. f 5 ; so is 
the beforgreithing of it Ixiv. 10. 

bifor-gurden, v.: gird before; God that 
befbrgirte \{Pret^ me {* praecinxit me*)] with 
veitue WiCL. PS. bcvii. 33 ; thou beforgirtist 
me with vertue xvii. 40 ; the Lord beforgirte 
himself Ixxxxii. i. 

bifbre-had, pple., previously held\ Pharao 
shal restore thee to the biforehad ^pristi- 
num*] gree WiCL. gen. xl. 13; after their 
visage befomhadde WiCL. 4 KINGS xvii. 40. 

bifbre-hond, adv., see hand. 

befbre-ooupien, v., occupy beforehand: it 
befomocupieth that couegteth it WiCL. wiSD. 
vi 14; beforocupie wee his face in knoulech- 
ing PS. Ixxxxiv. 2 ; if he were befomocupied 
['Praeoccupatus'] bi deth WiCL. wiSD. iv. 
7. 

bifbm-passend, pple.| excelling : in alle thi 
wcrkes befompassende be thou \^ praecellens 
tsto'\ WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxiii. 23. 

bilbr-rediiiige, sb., preparation ; the befor- 
rediiDg YpraepareUionem^] of the herte of 
hem herde thin ere WiCL. PS. ix. 17. 

bUbre-rennert sb.| fore-runner i i shal 



sende an aungel thi beforerenner [*praecur' 
sorem *] WiCL. ex. xxxiii. 2. 

bifore-ripe, adj., sb., early : the beforeriip 
grapes \^praecoquae uvae *] WiCL. num. xiii. 
21. 

bifore-BoSawen, v., foreshow \ 'before- 
■hgwinge {pple,) WiCL. gen. xxxxi. 11. 

bifore^sen, s.^ foresee: that cannot beforese 
{^Praevidere *) in to tyme to comynge WiCL. 
ECCLUS. iv. 13 ; alle my weies thou befom8d3e 
(Pres,) WiCL. PS. cxxxviii. 4. 

bifore^Benden, v., send before ; blforeBente 
(pret.) [* praemisit *] WiCL. 2 Macc. xii. 21 ; 
biforsent (pple,) WiCL. wiSD. xix. 2. 

bifom*>Betten, v., set before ; into eche folc 
of kinde he befomsette ]^praeposuit*\ a gouer- 
nour WiCL. ecclus. xvii. 14 ; beforsettende 
[^praeponens '] WiCL. EsTH. i. 8. 

bifore-Bingen, v., lead the chant \ Chinonye 
. . . was souereyn to biforsynge melodic [* ad 
pfaecinendam melodiam '] WiCL. i PARALIP. 
XV. 22 ; with the whiche she beforesonge 
WiCL. ex. XV. 21. 

bifor-sp^kere, sb., spokesman ; profete, 
that is, interpretour ether bifor-spekere [for- 
spekere] WiCL. ex. vii. i note, 

bifore-sp^kinge, sb., preface: prefacioun 
or biforespeking WiCL. 2 Macc. ii. 33. 

blfore^Btrecchen, v., hold outy extendi 
beforstrecche Y praetende*] thi merci to men 
knowende thee WiCL. PS. xxxv. 11. 

blfore-tdken, v., anticipate : soone shul 
befortaken Vanticipent^\ us thi mercies WiCL. 
PS. Ixxviii. 8. 

bifore-tellen, v., declare \ heuenes shulen 
his rijtwisnes beforetelle \^ annuntiabant] 
WiCL. PS. xxxxbc. 6 ; befortolde {pret,) thi 
rijtwisnesse xxxix. 10. 

bifor-wallinge, -wal, sb., outwork ; [' ante' 
murale ']V^ICU Is. xxvi. i. 

bifore-wamen, v., warn before \ bifom- 
wameden {pret, pL) {^praemonebant'] WlCL« 
WISD. xviii. 19. 

bifore- wSven, v., spread over; the cloudis 
. . . that beforeweuen {pres,) [^praetexunf] 
alle thingus theraboue WiCL. Job xxxvi. 28. 

bifbre-writen, v., prescribe : as in the law it 
is befom wrlten * praescriptum * WiCL. 2. 

PARALIP. XXX. 5. 

bi-ftrapen, v., beat about; bifraped {pple,) 
Fer. 2987. 

bi-freosen, v,,^M.I/,G, bevriesen; freeze; 
bifroren {pple,) Orm. 13856 ; befrose Gow. 
L 220. 

bi-fulen, v., 0,E, befylan, = Z>«/. bevuilen ; 

befoul^ defile, A. R. 128 ; befilin voc. 143 ; 

bevel|> {pres,) ayenb. 178 ; bifoulet {pple.) 

C. L. 1147. 
big, adj., big, Hav. 1774; Will. 173; Ch. 

C T. AS4^', PR. C 1460; bigge (//.) 



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6o 



big. 



bi-ginnen. 



Langl. By\, 216; biggore (compar,) Jos. 
452; bigger Gaw. 2101. 
big-li, adv., strongly ^ firmly^ loudly \ ful 
bigli me haldes A. P. iii. 321 ; bound horn full 
bigli Gaw. 1141, 1162, 1584; Alex. (Sk.) 
1371, 1138, 423 ; D. Troy 6035. 

big, sb., O.N. hyggy=O.E. beow, 0,L,G, beu 
(com), prov.Eng. big n. ; barley^ voc. 233. 

bi^, see beah. 

bi-gabben, v.^—Swed, begabba; mock, de- 
ceive : i nam nojt bigabbed Rob. 458. 

bi-^iete, sb., acquisitiotiy gain, generation, 
product, Orm. 16835 ? for )»2ere muchele 
bi3aete [bi^eate] LA5. 609 ; bijete ROB. 65 ; 
P. L. S. xiii. 358 ; REL. I. 265 ; Will. 2303 ; 
P. S. 200 ; biyete MISC 76 ; bigete GEN. & EX. 
896 ; Ar. 5c Mer. 1437 ; bijete, bijeate A. R. 
154, 166 ; Kath. 472; bi3eate H.M.27; beiete 
OCTOV. (W.) 848. 

bi-gdlen, v., O.E. begalan, = O.H,G, begalon ; 
enchant; big&leS (pres.) HOM. II. 197 ; heo 
bigolen {pret,) )>at child mid galdere swi¥e 
stronge LA5. 19256. 

bi-galwen, v., / terrify ; )>at hors was swift as 
ani swalwe no man might fat hors begalowe 
Ell. ROM. II. 171. 

bigamie, sb., Fr, bigamie; bigamy y GEN. & 
EX. 448. 

bi-gan, v., O.E, bi-, begangan, -gan,=6>.Z.6^. 
bigangan, O.H.G, pigangan, -gan ; go round i 
mid golde bigon LA3. 7623 ; al ))at |)e sae 
bigSo (pres^ 11 200; wo J)e bigo REL. II. 
273; be mid watere is bi^eonge [bijonge] 
(P^le,) Laj. 23702 ; \>a, wes J>a welle an an al 
mid attre bigon tainted 19773 ; bigan hom. I. 
149; fc feld with oten was al bigon over-run 
LEG. 34 ; wel begon R. R. 580 ; wo was j>is 
wrecched womman bo bigon Ch. C. t. ^ 918 ; 

t; erj>e it is whicne ever mo wi)> mannes 
hour is bego cultivated Gow. 1. 1 52. 
bi-gdpen, v.,=M,Du, begapen; gape at : ))es 

kelser big&pede (pret,) ham Kath. 1262. 
bi-^elpen, v., boast of: hou shulde i thanne 

me beyelpe ... of thi largesse Gow. III. 155 ; 

bijelp Guy 1455. 
bi^els, sb., O.E, bygels ; from bu^en ; arch, 

* (arcus) vel fornix^ frag. 3. 
bi-gemen, v., 0,E. begyman, O.H.G, pi- 

goumen ; observe, take care of, Sax. chr. 

258; bigemeS (pres.) hom. II. 183. 
bi-genge, sb., O.E. bigeng; service, worship : 

^if we his bigenge halda% hom. I. 119. 
bi-^eonden, -^eonde, -^ende, adv. & prep., 

O.E, begeondan ; beyond, LA3. 1231, 2639, 

4884 ; begenden John iii. 26 ; bijonden Orm. 

10603 ; beiondin s. & C. I. xxix; bijonde Mand. 

I ; bi3onde J)e broke A. P. i. 141 ; biionde (fns. 

biyonde) misc. 145 ; biihonde PR. c. 4458 ; 

beionde Sax. chr. 266 ; be3onde M. H. 78 ; 

bi3onde, -3ende Rob. 2, 181 ; bi3onde, •'3unde 

Trev. VIII. 81 ; bi3ende an. lit. 5 ; gest. 



R. l; beiende )« ze ayenb. 165; bi^unde 
Brd. 3 ; bi^endis WiCL. Mk. iiL 8 ; bi^ndes 
WiCL. 2 Cor. x. 16. 

bi-3eoteii9 v., O.E. begeotan, O.H,G. pigiuzan; 
sprinkle; bigoten {pple,) JUL. 27; bi30tcn 
HOM. I. 261. 

bi-gemen, v., 0.E, bigrinian; ensnare; bi- 
gemin (pres.pl.) apol. 64. 

bi-getely adj., f advantageous : he maden 
swi¥e bigetel forward GEN. & ex. 1992. 

bi-^eten, v., O.E. bi-, begitan, -gietan, -gytan, 
«= O.L.G. bigetan, Goth, big^tan, O.H.G. pi- 
gezan ; be^et, acquire, HOM. I. 27 ; bi3eten, 
bi3iten, bi3eoten LA3. 434, 1206, 13496; 
bi3eten, bi3eoten Kath. 1633 ; bi3iten A. R. 
142 ; bi3ete O. & N. 1629 ; bigeten GEN. & 
EX. 1532; bi3eat (pret.) Laj. 3179; bcjaet, 
bejet Sax. chr. 256; bijet a. R. 160; ich 
bi3et hit iwriten Marh. 2 ; )>e fader fat me 
bi3at Brd. 24; bigat Orm. 13986; Will. 
177; ({)u) bigete hom. II. 29; heo bijaeten 
LA3. 19366 ; heo bigeten Rome 7368 ; bigeten 
ipple.) Orm. 1645; s. S. (Web.) 1066; be- 
ieten Sax. chr. 256; bi3eten, bi3iten LA3. 

. 4245, 8865 ; beyete ayenb. 130 ; bi3ite P. L. s. 
xxiii. 18; bi3ute Bek. 119; J>at ha beo^ bi- 
5etene Kath. 264. 
begetare, sb., begetter, ^genitor,^ PR. P. 28. 
begetinge, sb., begetting, ^genituray genera- 
tioj PR. P. 28. 

bi-giften, v.,^«/rwx/; begifte {pret.) Ocrov. 
(W.) 675. 

biggen, see buggen. 

biggen, v., OJ^. byggja, byggya ; from btien; 
build, cultivate, inhabit; bitwenen men to 
biggen (dwell) Orm. 1611 ; biggin ^ aedifico^ 
PR. P. 35 ; bigge WiCL. S. W. II. 50; PL. T. 
475 ; bigge (pres.) apol. 71 ; biggede 
(pret^ GEN. & EX. 1 137 ; bigged Man. (F.) 
8725; planted and bigged PR. C 4850; 
bigged (pple.) Gaw. 20; Lidg. m. p. 264; 
biggit ANT. Arth. vi. 
bigger, sb., builder; biger Flor. 8. 
bigginge, sb., O.N. bygging, ; habitation, 
building, * aedificium^ ' cLedificatioJ PR. P. 35 ; 
bigging GEN. & EX. 718 ; ISUM. 78 ; bugging 
P. S. 151. 

bi-gileiiy v., beguile, Horn (R.) 328 ; bigile 
PR. c 1264; bigileS (pres.) A. r. 330; 
begilejj ayenb. 16; bijulcd Kath. 1054; 
bigiled (pple.) P. L. s. xiii. 323 ; Langl. 
B xviii. 290 ; bigiled, bijuled A. R. 268, 270. 
bi-gilere, sb., deceiver; begilere WiCL. Job 
xli. 16. 

bi-ginnen, v., O.E. beginnan, = O.L.G. bi- 
ginnan, O.H.G. piginnan ; begin, Kath. 281 ; 
Orm. 7822 ; biginne Ch. C. t. y| 42 ; we 
willen biginne ure larspd hom. I. 75 ; bi- 
ginne, bigunnen LA3. 20739, 28130; bigun- 
nen H. m. 11; bigan)> (pres,) Shor. 71; 
bigan (pret,) Rob. 10; Ch. C. t. At^; 



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bi-ginnen. 



bi-h&wen* 



6i 



btgaca HOM. I. 219; bigon [bigan] him to 

speken La^ 25765 ; bigon hom. I. 43 ; o. & 

N. 13; )ni bigunne HOM. II. 85; begonne 

AYENB. 71; Ch. C. t. G442; bigunncn 

Katu. 294; GEN. & EX. 536; Hav. loii; 

and bigunnen . . . raesen to somne LA3. 27493 1 

b^oonen Mand. 41 ; bigonne Bek. 527 ; 

iHgunnen (pple,) Jul. 28 ; Orm. 782^ ; PR. 

C 6476; begonnen Mand. 40; bigonne 

Shor. 58. 

bigizinare, sb., «= M,L,G, beginner ; be- 

pnner\ biginner A. P. i. 436 ; bqg^innare PR. 

P. 28. 
biginninge, sb., MJi.G, beginnunge; be- 

mnin^y Kath. 290; biginning Orm. 706; 

biginnjnge, biginnunge A. R. 54, 206; bi- 

ginnonge Jul. 27. 
bi-gmnen, v., deceive \ biginne Misc. 79; c. 

M.388a 
bigliy adj. & adv., OJ^, byggiligr ; inhabitable; 

pleasant; greats big\ bigli blis Flor. 1681 ; 

bigli landis 220 ; bigli bild A. P. i. 962 ; bigli 

and swi]>e Jos. 571 ; see also under big. 
bi-gUdOy v., O^. beglidan ; creep past ^ spec 

87. 
bi-gluedy pple., caught with birdlime^ LiDG. 

BLP. 115. 
bi-grfiden, v^ cry out against \ bigrede o. & 

N. 141 3; bigraden UOM. II. 173; bigrddeS 

{pres.) HOM. II. 69; begrddde (fret,) M. 

Arth. 1812; bigradde o. & N. 1144; bi- 

gradden wept Alis. 5175 ; bigr&d (fiple,) S. s. 

(Web.) 1518. 
M-griyen, v., 0,E. bi-, begrafan,= 0.//;G. 

bigraban ; bury ; bigr&v«n (pple,) Ar. & 

Mer. 98 ; begrave Gow. I. 189 ; (engraved) 

1. 127. 
bi-grfpen, v., 0,E, begrtpan, = O.Fris, bigripa, 

OJ{,G. bcgrifen ; apprehend, comprehend^ 

reprehend, REL. 1. 220 ; begripe Pall. ii. 278 ; 

begripej> (pres.) Gow. III. 102; & ec 

Farisewishe men bigrap (pret,) he J>us wij> 

worde Orm. 9754 ; sant Johan hafde \e king 

Ugripen (pple.) of his sinne 19857; mid 

scnne b^;ripe hom. I. 237. 
bi-grippea, y.y^M.H.G. begripfen ; grip, 

seise; bigripte (pret.) Gaw. 214. 
bi-groweiiy v., grow around; begrowe (pple.) 

Gow. II. 358 ; was mid ivi al bigrowe o. & N. 

27. 
bi-gracchen, v., grumble at; bi-grucche]> 

(pres.) Langl. A vii. 62. 
b^t, sb., 0.£. byht; /rom bfi^en; bi^ht, 

finding, rel. I. 190; J)e bi3t of ))e J>i3es 

Gaw. 1349 ; see bo^t. 
bi-giirdel, sb., 0.£. bi-, biggyrdel,= 0./>7>. 

bigcrdel, O.H.G. pfgurtel ; girdle, A. R. 124 ; 

bigirdlea (pi.) Langl. A viii. 87 ; bigerdlen 

(dat.pL) Mat. x. 9. 
bi-gurden, v., O.E. bcgyrdan, = O.H.G. bigur- 

tan; begird i bigiirt (pres.) A. R.378; bl- 



gerte (pret.) Shor. 51 ; bigirt (pple.) Hal- 

Liw. 174. 
bi-habben, v., behave; behave Flor. 1567. 

behaving, sb., behaviour, Mer. 49. 
bi-h»8, bih&sty sl5., O.E. behzes/ ; behest, pro^ 

mise, hom. 1 1. 61 ; bihas Alis. 7840* ; bihaeste, 

biheste Laj. 1263, 18751 ; biheste hom. 1. 33 ; 

A. R. 208 ; Bek. 1406 ; Ch. C. t. B^i; 

beheste ayenb. 225. 
bi-hsBsten, v., from bih&st; promise; bi- 

hcwteot (/r^j.) HOM. I. 185 ; behested (pple.) 

LiDG. BocH. in N. E. D. 
bi-hiue, sb., - O.Fris. bihach, J/./?j/.behaegh, 

M.H.G. behage / ; f pleasure ; bi his biha|e 

hom. I. 137. 
bi-ha^en, y.,^O.L.G. bihagon, O.Fris. bi- 

hagia; f please; bihi^eS (pres.) HOM. 1. 135. 
bi-half, sh.,for half; behalf: on mi behalfe 

(dat.) Ch. Tro. ii. 1458 ; on goddes behalve 

Mand. 225; in ))e kinges bihalf (v. r. half) 

Trev. VIII. 347. 
bi-halveiiy v., = O.H.G. behalben ; surround; 

bihalve Hav. 1834; bihalven (pres.) gen. 

& EX. 3355. 
bi-hangieiiy v., hang round bihonge Alis. 

758 ; bihonged (ppTe.) Laj. 20125 ; behonged 

Will. 5015. 
bi-hat, sb., O.E. behat, - O.L.G. bihet, O.H.G. 

piheiz ; promise ; behAte (dat.) hom. I. 225 ; 

blh&tes (//.) HOM. I. 89; behotes PS. cxv. 

14. 
bi-haten, v., O.E. behatan, = O.H.G. piheixan ; 

promise, HOM. I. 25 ; LA3. 18396 ; bihoten 

A. R. 6; behoten WiCL. i. paral. xxix. 9; 

behotin PR. p. 29; behote, bihote (pres.) 

Langl. A v. 235 ; behote, bihoote, biheete 

Ch. C. t. -.41854; behet(e) mir. pl. 15; 

bihate^ La^. 20626 ; bihat HOM. I. 39 ; A. R. 

6 ; behat, behot ayenb. 64, 97 ; (je) bihateS 

LA5. 12487; (heo) bihote^ A. R. 430; bihdt 

(pret.) HOM. I. 99; Kath. 415 ; a. r. 176; 

Orm. 5574 ; gen. & ex. 1884 ; Horn (L.) 

470 ; Bek. ioio ; biheihte [behehte] La;. 

1263; beheighte MiR. PL. 20 ; bihijte Langl. 

Av. 47 ; WiCL. gen. xxxviii. 23 ; (J)u) bi- 

hete Laj. 18925 ; H. H. 197 (199) ; behete 

Fer. 1402; bihet Orm. 7621 ; ie bihigbten 

Ch. C. t. F1327 ; (heo) bihaeten LA3. 5165 ; 

bihete R. s. v; p. L. s. xvi. 164; bih&ten 

(pple.) Kath. 756; Orm. 13823; bihoten 

A. R. 182; Hav. 564; bihote o. & N. 1745; 

Gow. II. 28; WiCL. Rom. i. 2; bihiht 

SPEC. 37. ^ 

bi-hetere, sb., promiser, WiCL. 2 Mac. x. 

28 ; biheter Heb. vii. 22. 
behotinge, sh.,^ O.H.G. piheizunga; prO' 

mise, AYENB. 207. 
bi-h4tien, \.,^M.L.G. behaten; hate; bi- 

h&ted (pple.) Ch. Boet. iii. 4 (75) ; bihatid 

H. V. 89. 
bi-h&wen, v., 0£. behawian ; look at, behold, 



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62 



bi-hdafdin. 



bi-hiiden* 



}e folk to bihowe Man. (F.) 11165 ; behftwe 

(imper,) Mat. vii. 5. 
bi-hdafdin^ v., O.E. beheafdian, = J/./T.a 

behoubeten; behead, ]vi.. ^i ; bihefden Kath. 
. 2273 ; bihafdi Laj. 26296 ; behdfdede {pret,) 

Mat. xiv. 10; biheaveded (pple.) misc. 

154 ; biheveded P. L. S. xv. 171 ; biheveded, 

bihedid WiCL. Lk. ix. 9. 
bihSfdunge, sb., 0.E, biheafdung ; behead' 

ingy A. R. 184. 
bi-healden, bih&ldes, v., O.E. bi-, bebeal> 

dan, O L,G, bihaldan, 0./r.6.pihaltan ; behold, 

hold, HOM. II. 35; bihalden Orm. 15663; 

bihalde Iw. 1426 ; biholden A. R. 54 ; bihalde, 

biholde o. & N. 71, 1325 ; bihelde S. S. (Web.) 

744 ; be alle weren eate(l)liche to bihaldene 

HOM. 1. 41 ; bihdldeS ( pres,) Laj. 21322 ; bihalt 

A. R. 214 ; J)e pater noster bihalt (avails) me 

noht HOM. I. 65 ; hwet bihalt (signifies) . . . 

J)et tu ne buhest to me Marh. 7 ; we mu^hen 

sen what it bihalt Orm. 13408 ; behalt WiCL. 

TOB xxxix. 29 ; blh&ld (attend) unto mi 

bede stevene PS. v. 3 ; biheold (pret,) Kath. 

744 ; hit naht ne beheld (availed) Sax. chr. 

250; biheeld Langl. (Wr.) 25; bihuld Bek. 

710; biheolden, bihulden Laj. 5737, 26321; 

bihielden hom. II. 23 ; bihelden Kath. 741 ; 

behdlden (pple,) Mand. 13; E. T. 358; i 

am beholde (obliged) Gow. III. 354. 
beh61dere» sb., beholder, * inspector,^ PR. p. 

28. 
bih^ldunge, sb., beholding, Marh. 14; 

biholdunge A. R. 52; beholdmge ^inspectio^ 

PR. P. 28. 
bi-heawexiy v., O.E, bi-, beheawan,= 0./r.G^. 

pihauwan ; hew around ; bihewe (pple,) 

LEG. 46. 
bi-hedeiiy v., » O.H,G. behuotan ; guard, ob- 
serve, prevent : hwat can J)at jongling hit 

bihede jif hit misde]> hit mot nede o. & N. 

635; bihddde (pret.) rel. II. 225; his nest 

no3t wel he ne bihedde o. & N. 102 ; J)e king 

hit wel bihedde LA3. 19046 ; \q\x art mis 

bihdd {pple,) LEG. 17. 
bi-hdlden, v., wash by pouring \ wi^ hale- 

wende wattres biheolden ham alle Kath. 

1400. 
bi-helien, v., 0,E, bi-, behelian, = 0,L.G, bi- 

helian, 0,H,G. pihellen ; cover ; al J)es world 

is biheled (pple,) mid hej)ene hode MISC. 91 ; 

behelid Rich. 5586. 
bi-hemmexiy v., hem round; bihemmen and 

bilegge O. & N. 672. 
bi-hengeiiy v., = Ger. behengen; hang round: 

bihenged (pret,) al wi]) belles Orm. 951. 
biheten, see bih&ten. 
bi-heve, adj., 0,E, behefe ; profitable, hom. I. 

213, II. 7; bihevest (super L) A. R. 298; 

comp, un-biheve. 
bi-heve, sb., fO,E, behefe; profit-, moni uvel 

ich iseo ]>er inne & none biheve A. R. 96; 



biheve, biheeve c L. 1425 ; to hare bihc?c 
(printed by hove) s. S. (Wr.) 2301. 

bi-hi;eii« v., make haste ; bihi^e (/Vw/.) C M. 
5087 ; bihide (pret.) S. S. (Wr.) 952. 

bi-hinden, adv. & prep., 0,E, behindan,^ 
0,L,G, bihindan ; behind, FRAG. 8 ; HOM. I. 
143 ; Jul. 49 ; Orm. 401 ; Bek. 1374 ; Ar. 
& Mer. 331 ; bihinden [bihinde] Laj. 439; 
jif he loke bihinden [bihinde] him Ch. Boet. 
iii. 12 (108) ; bihinde rel. I. 183 ; hwo li^ 
bihinde o. & N. 528 ; bihinde fe bure 937 ; 
behinde ayenb. 130; bihindis WiCL. Phiu 
iii. 13. 

bi-hof, sb., 0,E, behof, = 0,Fris., MJL,G, be- 
hof, M,H,G, behuof; behoof, profit, use; bi- 
hove [bihofe] (da/.) LA3. 1050 ; bihove Hav. 
1764; tohisowenebihove A. R. 70; tourealre 
bihove REL. 1. 173 (MISC 108) ; bi-, behove CM. 
7100; servej> to our behove trans. XIX. 330. 
behof-fol, adj., profitable, HIST. Edw. 13 ; 
WiCL. PS. cxliv. 15. 

behof-lioh, adj., O.E. behdfllc; profitable; 
behoveli ' opportunus * PR. P. 29 ; Ch. Tro. 
ii. 261 ; Kath.' 90. 

behof-sam, adj., profitable, ayenb. 99 ; bi- 
hovesum Ar. & Mer. 2804. 

bi-hofieiiy v., O.E. bi-, behofian, = O.Fris. bi- 
hovia; behoof e; bihoven [^oportere^^ WiCL. 
wiSD. XV. 12; bih6fi9|> (pres.) Orm. 16706; bi- 
hove^ HOM. 1. 83 ; LA3. 945 ; (ms. biou^) GEN. 
& EX. II 59 ; bihove j> Langl. B xvii. 313; hem 
bihovej> muche mete Rob. 177 ; {)e bihovef 
godes helpe Shor. 95 ; behove^ ayenb. 58 ; 
behovij> ToR. 162 ; bi-, behoves Will. 729, 
2349 ; behoves I w. 3022 ; S. S. ( Wr.) 1 545 ; 

tt ne be(h)ofia^ nanre dedbote HOM. I. 245 ; 
ihofede, bihovede (pret.) La;. 657, 108 1 ; 

bihovede A. R. 394 ; Jul. 50 ; hir bihoved Jwr 

to bide Perc. 2228. 
bi-hofl;, adj.,« M.L.G. behovig, M.H.G. be- 

YiMoi^c (egenus); f profitable; hwet is elde bi- 

hovig HOM. II. 109. 
bi-hofSe, sb., - O.Fris,, M.L,G. behofte; use, 

HOM. I. 19; bihofJ)e Rob. 26; (ms. biof)»e) 

La;. 4378* ; bihof))e, bihefthe, bihofte Langl. 

Cxiii. 187; bihofte (ms. biofte) GEN. & EX. 

1408. 
bi-ho^ieiiy v., O.E. behogian ; care for ; ))C 

laverd seal bihoh^ian ))et he habbe godes ful- 

tum HOM. I. 113; heore gode wepnen wur^ 

liche biho^eden (pret.pl.) LA3. 17369. 
bi-hon, v., O.E. heh6n,=^ O.H.G. pihahan; 

clothe ; mid godc raeve bihon LA3. 5620 ; bi- 

h§ngen (pret.) hom. II. 89; blhangen, 

-hongen (pple.) LA3. 3637, 24465. 
bi-hor^en, v., defile; behorewed (pple.) 

ayenb. 237. 
bi-hrinen, v., touch, fall upon ; birine Horn 

(L.)^ii. 

bi-huden, v., O.E. bi-, behydan, O.H.G. be- 
huotan j conceal; bihut (pres.) hom. I, 109; 



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bi-htimen. 



bi-ldojen. 



63 



UhSd (imperii REL. I. 177 ; bihudo (subj) 
HOM. I. 109 ; behddde i^preL) Mat. xxv. 25 ; 
bihuded {ppU,) FRAG. 7 ; bihud A. R. 100. 
bi-hiimen, v., hide in a comer \ biheme]> 
(pres.pL) PL. CR. 642. 

bi-jdpe, v., make sport of, Gow. III. 167 ; bl- 
Jiqpe^ (pres.) PL. CR. 46; b^&pod, bejaped 
(ppU.) Ch. C. t. ./4 1585 ; god wil noujt be 
bigiled . . . nc bijaped Langl. B xviii. 290. 
lake, sb., be^s nest, c. M. 76 ; Goi<. & Gaw. 
406; a bike of waspes Halliw. 175 ; as 
bees dos in the bike Townl. 325. 
bi-kemen, v., fgrow faint ; bikdmet {ppie,) 
Kath. 1298*. 

bi-kennen, v., = (?.//^G^. bechennan ; indicate^ 
consign \ bikenne Man. (H.) 274; bikexme 
(pres,) Langl. -<4 ii. 32; i bikenne 30U to krist 
Will. 5424 ; J)at bikenneth fat croiz Ha v. 
1268; bikende (prei.) Gaw. 596; bekende 
D. Arth. 2340 ; his modir in keping to ))e he 
bekende Halliw. 160. 

bi-kennen, v., for ^e^kennen; f beget \ 
bikenned (pple.) rel. I. 234. 
bi-keorveny v., 0,E. beceorfan,= O.Fris. bi- 
kerva; ampuiatey Jul. 67 ; bikorven (pple.) 
A. R. 362 ; alle weren . . . hefdes bicorven 
Marh. 19. 

biker, sh., Za/. bicarium, O./V, bikarr,= 6>.Z..G^. 
biker, OJ/,G, becher; beaker, * cymbium,* YR. 
P. 35. 

biker, sb., Jight, RoB. 538 ; Ch. l. g. w. 
2659 ; [v. r. beker, bikre, bikkir] MAN. (F.) 
9234; bikir *pugna' PR. P. 35 ; Alis. 1661. 
bikerin, v., mod.Eng, bicker ; fight ^ ^pugnoy 
PR. p. 36 ; bikere Man. (H.) 256 ; beker 
ANT. Arth. iv; bikere (pres,) Langl. 
^xx. 78 ; bekerde {prei,) D. Arth. 2096. 
bikeringy sb., bickering^ RoB. 540 : Alis.' 
(Sk.) 390. 

bil, sb., O.E, bil, bill,=aZ.G^., M.H.G, bil, 
Mod,Eng, bill (axe) ; swordy axe, pickaxe^ P. s. 
151 ; w. & I. 37 ; bill Iw. 3225 ; bille * ligo^ 
marra' PR. P. 36; billes (pi.) Alis. 1624; 
comp. twi-bU. 

lnl-ib§at, sb., conflict of swords ^ La^. 1740. 
bi-lacchen, v., catch ; bilaucte (pret,) Horn 
<H.) 681 ; bilagt (pple,) GEN. & ex. 773. 
M-lSden, v., 0.^.bel2edan, = 0,H,G. pileitan; 
/ conduct^ treat ; and wel narewe J)e bilede)> 
0. & N. 68 ; wes uvele bilM {pple,) MISC. 45 ; 
kxlliche was bilad C. L. 1136; bilad (lead 
astray) ALEX.* (Sk.) 906. 
bi-lffifen, -Iceven, v., 0,E, belaefan, Goth, bi- 
laibjan; relinquish, remain, LA3. 1055, 2254, 
J 9777 ; bileafen frag. 7 ; bileaven fe sunne 
A. R. 340; bilefen Orm. 8380; J»ei . . . shule 
wi)> Satanas bileven H. H. 232 (236) ; bileve 
Rob. 14; s. s. (Wr.) 48 ; Will. 2577 ; Min. 
10; bi-, belcve Ch. C. t. 7^583 ; bileve, -leave 
0. & N. 464, 1688 ; blevin PR. p. 39 ; J)er he 
ssel bleve ayknb. 172 ; bilef {jmper.) Bek. 



141 ; bilSfde, bikefde (pret.) La^. 389, 1613 ; 

bilefde A. R. 372 ; bilefte Degr. 1885 ; bileaf- 

den HOM. I. 93 ; bileuid Min. iii. 66 ; blefede 

OCTOV. (W.) 507 ; blefte ayenb. 12 ; bel&fed 

(pple.) frag. 6; bilefed Orm. 8914; bileved 

HOM. 1. 81 ; Aus. 5310 ; bileaved A. R. i68. 
bi-ldflng, sb., remaining; patience, per- 
severance; bileveing Ar. & Mer. 8611; 

blevinge ayenb. 72. 
bi-lffive, sb., f remnant \ bilSven (//.) gen. & 

EX.3154. 
bi-l8ewen, v., 0,E, belsewan ; betray ; be- 

lewen HOM. I. 229; beleawan Mat. xxvi. 

16. 
bi-laggen, v., clog with mud-, bilagged {pple.) 

^esclabotd* voc. 173; belaggid ^ madidatus^ 

PR. P. 29. 
bi-laiigeii,v.,=il/.Z?«.belanghen; belong; be- 

longe Gow. 11. 351 ; belonge)> (pres.) ayenb. 

12 ; wat belongeth hit to me misc. 29 ; be- 

longej> Langl. C ii. 43 ; bilongende (pple.) 

Gow. I. 121. 
bi-lappen, v., wrap about ; bilapped {pple) 

Orm. 14267; s.s. (Web.) 2210; Am.&Amil. 

1014 ; hit is bilepped & bihud A. R. 100. 
bi-lasten, v., f O.E. behlaestan ; / charge ; 

belast (pple,) Halliw. 161. 
bi-ldven, v., wcLsh all over : bileved {pple) 

mid blode Misc. 140. 
bild, see buld. bile, see bule. 
bile, sb., O.E. bile ; bill, beak, A. R. 84 ; HOM. 

11.49; O. & N. 79; REL. I. 210; P. S. 333; 

Trey. V. 291 ; bile, bille Langl. B xi. 349 ; 
Ch. C. T. ^4051; bille Gow. IL 106; s. s. 
(Wr.) 2196. 

bil-fdder, sb., f food for young birds, pro* 
vender, Will. 81 ; bilfodur 1849. 

bi-leafe, sb., for ^eleafe; belief, hom. L 101 ; 
bileave A. R. 2 ; Shor. 142 ; beleave, beliave 
misc. 27; bileave, beleave ayenb. 12, 14; 
bileve Bek. 30 ; bileve, bileeve Ch. C. t. A 
3456; beleve Mand. 131; r^/;//. un*bileave. 
bilef-fUl, adj., HOM. 11. 19. 

bi-lean, v., CKE, belean ; prohibit, hinder by 
blame : for to bileande ]>at no man werpe )>e 
gilt . . . anuppen god hom. 11. 107. 

bi-leggen, v., O.E. bilecgan, O.H.G. pileggan; 
lay round, surround, besiege ; bilegge (gloze) 
O. & N. 672 ; & J)us J)a wordes we bileggeo 
(explain) HOM. 1. 57 ; bil8d(i;de (pret) LA3. 
14223 ; f>e baere was bile^d (pple.) wij> baeten 
gold Orm. 8167. 

bi-lenge, adj., tfor ;elenge ; belonging, re- 
lated to, Orm. 2230. 

bi-leo^en, v., O.E. beleogan,« O.H.G. beliu- 
gan; belie, calumniate ; bilie Langl. ^ v. 414; 
biliveth x. 22; witnesses false and fele bi- 
lowen (pret. pi.) bine Shor. 84 ; bilowen 
{pple:) Langl. B ii. 22 ; & te sakelease oftc 
bilowen a. r. 68, 



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64 



bi-ldovien. 



bi-m^en. 



bi-leovien, v.,=G^^. belieben; lave^ delight 

in : & J>is wel bildovede (ffor bilovede) Laj. 

5304. 
bi-lesnien, v. cf, leas {falsehood); delude^ )>us 

|)e deofel wule bilcsnien {)e wrcche HOM. 1. 23. 
bi-leven, v. for ^eleven; believe \ beleven 

Misc 56; belevc ayenb. 151; Mand. 53; 

bclive Fer. 398 ; ich bileve (pres.) on god 

HOM. I. 217; (we) bilivetJLAj. 13966; beleve 

we MISC. 28 ; bileving three kings 2 ; bi- 

lefde (pret,) Laj. 2856*; bilufde 13415; bi- 

lefden hom. I. 19; leb. Jes. 397; belevit 

(expected) D. TROY 10919. 
beleevable, adj., credible^ WiCL. PS. xcii. 5. 
bi-levinge, sb., cf, bi-live ; means of livings 

food] he het heom . . . heore in and heore 

bilevinge greij)! )>at heo schulde misc. 84. 
bile- wit, adj., 0,E. bilewit ; simple^ innocent ; 

bilchwit HOM. I. 95; Mark. 22; bilewhit 

Orm. 6654 ; bllewitte {pL) hom. I. 223. 
bile-hwitnesse, sb., simplicity^ hom. I. 95. 
bilibre, sb., Lat, bilibra ; weight of two 

pounds, WiCL. APOC vi. 6. 
bi-liggen, \,,0,E, belicgan, = 0,H,G, piliggan ; 

lie by, lie about, lie with, LA3. 506 ; ^ six 

werkes . . . J)e bilige to nihte REL. 1. 132; 

bllai (pret,) Rob. 19 ; bilaei [bilai] )>a burh 

Laj. 9433; J)at Ijilai (appertcUned) to his 

kinedom c L. 286 ; bilein (pple.) spec. 46 ; 

belein Gow. I. 338; his doughtir J)at was 

bilain Rich, hi 9. 
bi-l^e, v,,*0,E, bihlehhan, -hlyhhan ; laugh at, 

P. L. S. xix. 235 ; bll63 (pret.) P. L. S. xiii. 358 ; 

Shor. 102 ; bilowc Rob. 299 ; bilaute Horn 

(L.) 681. 
bi-nhten, v., illumine : godes brihtnesse bi- 

lihtehem hom. II. 31. 
bi-liken, v., simulate, feign ; biliked (pple,) 

o. & N. 842. 
bi-limieiiy v., dismember, La^. 29364 ; bilime 

Rob. 301 ; bilimeS (pres,) Kath. 2160 ; a. 

R. 360; bilimeden {pret:) Ar. & Mer. 5775 ; 

blUmed {pple:) Bek. 560. 
bi-limpen, v., 0,E, bclimpan ; happen, pertain 

to, Orm. 1 1085 ; bUimpeS {pres.) hom. 1. 5 i ; 

to Mercene lawe bilimpe|) viii schiren misc. 

146; bilimpes REL. I. 216; belamp {pret,) 

HOM. I. 219; bllumpen {pple,) Orm. 2905. 
bi-live, sb., 0,E, bigleofa, = OJI,G, pllibi ; 

livelihood, means of living, Rob. 496 ; bilive, 

-leve HOM. II. 27, 99 ; bilif Langl. -ff xix. 230 

(Cxxii. 235) ; bileove A. R. 168. 
bi-liven, v., 0,E, bellfan, = 0,H,G, pi-, bc- 

liban, mod.G. bleiben ; remain ; bilive REL. I. 

274 ; bel&f; beljef, beleaf {pret,) Sax. chr. 

257, 259 ; 5ho bilaef wij) hire frend Orm. 2391 ; 

bilefGEN. & EX.671. 
bille, sb., 0,Er, bulle, from Lat, bulla; 

bill, note, Langl. A iv. 34 ; Ch. C. t. C 170 ; 

billea [* libellos'] Trey. V. 144. 
bille, v., enter {in a bill, etc) ; libel, P. P. II. 



228 ; pardoim in book is billed {pple,) L. H. R. 
138. 

billexiy v., bill, peck with the beak, * rostro* 
PR. p. 36; billeS {pres,) REL. I. 210; billid 
{pple,) DEP. R. iii. 37. 
billing:, sh,,pecking, REL. I. 218 (MISC. 13). 

billet, sb., smcUl note; bilet [v, r. billc] 
* matricula * PR. P. 36. 

billet, sb., piece of wood; bilet 'tedula' 
PR. P. 36. 

billin, v,,^M,H.G, biUen; hack with a bill^ 
' marro,* PR. P. 36. 

bi-loken, v., look cU, look about, Orm. 2917 ; 
beloken hom. II. 'J^ ; bilokeS (pres,) A. R. 
132 ; biloken REL. I. 220 ; beloked (pple,) 
OCTOV. (W.) 1046. 

bi-long, adj.,= 6>JL.(7. bilang; pertaining; 
^ reching wurK on God bilong GEN. & EX. 
2058. 

bi-looghe, see under Ifth. 

bi-luken,v., O.E, bi-, belucan, == O.Z.(7. bi- 
lucan, 0,H,G, piluchan ; shut in, close around, 
REL. 1. 183 (misc. 129) ; bilouken Shor. 121; 
biloke Fer. 2127 ; biluke'S (pres) H. M. 37; 
biluc]> FRAG. I ; biluken Orm. 12 126 ; beleao 
(pret) HOM. I. 225 ; bilek o. & N. 1081 ; bi- 
loken (pple,) A. R. 160 ; R. S. vii ; REL. I. 184 ; 
biiokenn Orm. 11186; biloke C L. 992; bc- 
loke AYENB. 97. 

bi-liirten, v., deceive; bilirten rel. I. 217 
(misc 13) ; GEN. & EX. 316; bilurt (pple,) 
A. R. 280* (v, r, bichard). 

bi-lnvien, v. impers., delight, please ; jef ham 
biluveS (pres,) to heren him hom. 1. 257; jif 
hit eow bilove^ Laj. 989 ; jif . . je alle biluvien 
gode mine lare 921 ; 5ef me swa blluvede 
(pret,) Jul. 24; alle hit biluveden Laj. 1013 ; 
beloved (pple,) Gow. II. I73 ; Langl. ^iii. 
211 ; he was bet biloved P. L. S. xxiv. 33 ; so 
wel biloved [beloved] Ch. C. t. A 1429. 

bi-msenen, v., 0.E, bimsenan, « (9.//.C7. pi- 
meinen ; bemoan ; mean, signify : itiid |)ine 
mu})e bimaenen j>ine neode frag. 8 ; bimenen 
REL.1. 174 (misc. 115); sunne bimenen (moan) 
HOM. I. 13 ; bimene ROB. 490; M. Arth. 856; 
wat mai this bimene (mean) Hay. 1259; bi- 
mineS (pres,) gen. & ex. 2226 ; wat J>is mon- 
taigne bimeneth [bemene])] Langl. A\. i; 
{)er fore we ne bimene)> )>e nojt Bek. 983 ; men 
. . . bimene]) goode mete^iveres and in minde 
havej> Langl. B xv. 143 ; bimdnte (pret) 
Langl. ^xviii. 18; hi bimende P. L. s. xvii. 
426 ; gie is moche bemoonid (Pple,) of all(e) 
Halliw. 163. 

bi-malen, v., from 0,E, mal (spot, mole) ; 
soil, sully, bimolen Langl. B xiv. 4. 

bi-mang, see under mang. 

bi-mannen, y,,^M,H,G, bemannen ; man, 

furnish with men : j>ah an castel beo wel 
bemon(n)ed (pple,) hom. I. 23. 

bi-mdsen, y., confuse ; bimiaed (ppU.) a. r. 



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bi-melden. 

270 ; and lefte us liinge . , . al bcmased in a 

sounc Chest. II. 93. 
bi-melden, v., = (^/?r. bemelden; denounce; 

bimelde (pres. sudj\) an. lit. 3. 
bi-men, sh,, /rom bimfinen ; complain/, gen. 

& EX. 2894. 

bi-moderen, v^=Af.Du. bemoderen; cover 

'antk dirt ; bimodered (pple,) p. s. 158. 
bi-mowe, v., make a scornful grimace^ apol. 

81 ; the lord schal bemowe them WiCL. PS. 

ii.4 ; bimowiden {preLpL) WiCL. 2 PARAL. 

XXX. 10. 

bi-mnmen, v., 0,E. bi-, bemurnan ; bemourn ; 
bimnmeS (pres,) hom. I. 149; II. 23; bi- 
mumeden (fireL) hom. I. 155 ; bimoraeden 
WiCL. Lk. xxiii. 27; bemournet D. Troy 
3279- 

binacle, sh.^ pinnacle^ Rich. 4150, 

bi-n4mey sh^ = M.H.G, blname; byname, 
cognomen ; bm&mes (pi.) Ch. Boet. iii. o 
(84). 

binde, sb., a^. binde,=aj/.<7.binta; any- 
thing that binds; bine, stem of climbing plant; 
ribbon ', pr. p. 36; A. P. iii. 444; comp, 
wude-binde. 

Wnd-balk(e), sb.,=(7^. bindebalken; tie- 
beam, ^trapecula,^ VOC 203. 

binden, v., O.E. bindan,=aZ.a, Goth, bin- 
dan, O.Fris,, OJV. binda, O.H.G. bintan, 
pmtan; bind, Laj. 1 8458 ; Hav. 1961 ; to 
bindene HOM. I. 37 ; binde|> {pres,) spec 
104; bint A. R. 6; ayenb. 33; Ch. compl.' 
M. 47; bind (imper.) JUL. ^7 ; band (pret.) 
Iw. 1776 ; band, bond Ch. C. t. A 4082 ; 
bond Laj. 767; Hav. 537; treat. 136; 
bond his wunden HOM. I. 79 ; bond, bounde 
WiCL. JER. xxxix. 7 ; Mat. xiv. 3 ; bounde 
N. p. 20 ; luve bonde hire gen. & EX. 2692 ; 
bttnden (pret, pL), LA5. 10006 ; Orm. 15820 ; 
summe jir weren j^t his e^an bundan 
HOM. I. 121 ; bunden, bounden Hav. 2442, 
2506; bounden Will. 1219; bonde Rob. 
126; bunden (pple,) hom. II. 11; Hav. 
1428; Iw. 289; Man. (H.) 138; bunden, 
bonden PR. a 3208, 3210; bounden H. H. 
53; Ch. C. t. -£"704; WiCL. John xi. 44; 
bounde Will. 2091 ; bonden Will. 2238 ; 
Perc, 1830; comp, for-, 50-, un-binden; 
deriv, binde, band, bend, 
bindere, sb., (7j?.bindere; binder', binderes 
(pi,) Hav. 2050; comp, bok-binder. 
bindunge, sb., binding, HOM. I. 207 ; bind- 
inge Uigatio' PR. p. 36; WiCL. S. w. III. 
48u » 

bi-neden, v, \xa^x%,,^M,H.G, benceten; 
nced\ to mine gode nebeniedeS ))e ^bonorum 
meorum non indiges* HOM. I. 217. 

bi-neoSen, adv. & prep., 0,E. beneo^an, 
-ny^Ssoif^OJ^ris, binetha, binitha; benecUh, 
A. R. 304 ; Jul, 56 ; bineo¥en, -neo^e [bi- 
neo^ benijye] Laj, J32S, 14985 ; bineo^n, 



bi-rfi&den. 



<J5 



-nej>en a L. 1304; bineben p. l. s. viii. 44; 

Orm. 10729 ; her bineten gen. & ex. 10 ; 

bene)>en Mand. 158; binej)en, -nej)e WiCL. 

GEN. vi. 16; bine))e treat. 132; benebe 

AYENB. 108 ; binij>e Fer. 3260. 
bing, sb., 0,N, bingr; heap, ^cumera,' PR. p. 

36 ; M. h. 97. 
bi-mmen, v., 0,E,, bi-, beniman, = az.<7. 

biniman, C7<7M.biniman, 0,H,G, pi-, beneman ; 

take away, A. R. 194 ; CHR.E. 292 ; binimen ^ 

J)ine rihte La^. 3694 ; binimen, -nime P. L. S. 

viii. 24; binime Bek. 1008; WiCL. ecclus. 

xxviii. 19; bi-, bcnime c. L. 1054; ayenb. 

39> 59 ; binime, -neme Trev. I. 73 ; binem^ 

\pres,) MISC. 32 ; binim (imper.) s. S. (Wr.) 

705 ; bineome {subj,) hom. I. 245 ; binam 

{pret,) Trev. IV. 143 ; binam, bmom Laj. 

15989, 26112 ; binomen LA3. 215 ; misc. 56 ; 

binumen (pple,) frag. 7; Orm. 7299 ; gen. 

& EX. 198 ; binume O. & n. 1226 ; binomen, 

-nome Langl. i9iii. 312; benomen R. R. 

1509 ; binomen {benumbed) c. M. 22829. 
binne, sb., 0,E, binn {manger), 0,Fr, benne 

{basket) ; bin, manger, chest, ^capsa,' voc. 180 ; 

L. h. R. 145 ; Ch. C. T. a 593 ; fram |)are 

binne [^ apraesepio'] Lk. xiii. 15 ; in abestis 

binneLUD. Cov. 159, 

binnen, adv. & prep., O.E. binnan, beinnan, 
= MJL,G,, M,Du, binnen; for bi-innen; 
within. Sax. chr. 249 ; Orm. 6292 ; gen. & 
EX. 1032 ; REL. I. 182 ; binnen heo iwenden 
La^. 5920 ; binnen lut ^earen 221 ; binne Hav. 
584; Shor. 40; Man. (H.) 7457. 
bin-ward, adv., within, LA3. 30773. 

bi-n6ten, v., use ; ben6te]> {pres}^ ayenb. 90. 

bi-pa]>, sb., bypath, med. 486 ; bipath LiDG. 
m. p. 114. 

bi-peohen, v., 0,E, bep«can; deceive, Laj. 
5301 ; REL, I. 180 ; bipeche MISC. 72 ; P. L. S. 
V (a). 10; bipehte [pret,) hom. I. 91, II. 
191 ; bipSijt {pple:) p. L. S. v (b). 22 ; be- 
paht Sax. chr. 260; we beo^ . . . bipahte 
R. S. V (MISC. 176). 
bipSohing, sb., deception, HOM. II. 213. 

bi-pennen, v., pen up, shut in ; bipenned 
{pple) A. R. 94. 

bi-pilien, \,,peel; bipiled {pple.) A. R. 148. 
bipilunge, sh,, peeling, A. R. 148. 

bi-preonen, v., 0,E, beprenan ; pin up ; bi- 
preone]> {pres,) Misc loi. 

bi-qvaschin, v., be shivered in pieces ; bi- 
qvashed {pret,) Langl. B xviii. 246. 

biqveste, see bieweste, biqvide, see 
biowide. 

bir, see bur. 

bi-rffiden [bireaden], v., 0,E, ber2eden,= 
M,H,G, beraten ; advise, deliberate, Lav 
31072; birede M. T. 98 ; hvo J»et wille wisliche 
him berede ayenb. 172 ; birede {pres, subj,) 
MISC. 78; birede {pret,) Shor. 124; bi- 



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66 



birche. 



bi-schine. 



radde, bireadde Kath. 1237 ; biradden 
CHR. E. 40; bir&d (pp/e,) spec. 41 (a. d. 
185). 

birche, sb., 0,E. beorc, hyrCy= M,Du. berk, 
OM.G. bircha, pircba, O.N, biork /. ; dirc/t, 
PR. P. 36 ; birche, berche Ch. C. t. A 2921 ; 
burche voc. 181 ; birke Flor. 1518 ; Perc 
773 ; birohes (//.) Alis. 5242. 

birdOy sef burSe and biirde. 

bi-reavien, v., 0ȣ. bereafian, GofA. birau- 
bon, ■* O, H, G. pi-, beroubon, mod.Eng, 
bereave; deprive^ rob\ biraevien [bireave] 
LaJ- 3031 1 ; bireaven H. M. 29 ; bireven JOS. 
356; bireve Langl. ^vi. 248; bireave'S 
(pres) A. R. 120 ; birSvede (pret.) c. L. 1349 ; 
oJ)re beraefedcst [birefedestj ribtes istreones 
FRAG. 7, 8 ; bireveden hom. 1. 79 ; bereaved, 
beraefed (pple^ frag. 5, 6 ; biraefed Orm. 
2832 ; )>us wes )>as kineriche of heora kinge 
biraeved Laj. 2897 ; bireved O. & N. 120 ; 
Horn (L.) 622 ; spec. ioi. 

bi-redien, v., f make ready ^ prepare^ La^. 4198. 

bi-reinen, v., = M.H.G, beregenen ; rain 
upon^ wet\ birine HORN (R.) 11 ; bireined 
{pple.) A. R. 344; WiCL. Ez. xxii. 24; bereinid 
^ complutus^ PR. p. 32. 

bi-remen, v., cry out afy hom. II. 29. 
bi-rennen, v., = M,H.G, berennen; trun 

around \ biamde {pret) La^. 26775. 
bi-reoweUy -rewen, v.,^MM,G, beriuwen ; 

repenty commiserate, Orm. 4506, 7784; bi- 

r(e)ae treat. 139; bir§we (pres. subj,) 

Langl. ^xii. 250. 
biriotmesse, sb., « M.H.G. beriuwenisse ; 

commiseration {f printed bireaunesse), A. R. 

66. 
bi-reowsen, v., O.E. behreowsian,=iV:/^.(7. 

beriuwesen ; repent, Jul. 44 ; Orm. 8800 ; 

birewsien, bireusien hom. I. 21, 23 ; bireusie 

Misc, 78 ; bireusi (printed birensi) Shor. 43. 
bireoiuamge, sb., O.E. behreowsung; re- 

pentancey frag. 8 ; A. R. 372 ; bireowsinge 

H. M. 21. 
bi-rideiiy v., O.E. berldan ; ride around, LA3. 

10739. 
birie, sb., ? —M.Du. berie ; bier, ayenb. 258. 
biri^eiiy see buri^en. 

bi-rinnen, v., 0.E, birinnan, = Goth, birinnan, 
O.H.G. pirinnan ; flow over; run round; 
surround', bieom (pret.) La^. 26064; biumen 
26066 ; wij> tieres al birunne (pple.) Horn 
(L.) 654 ; bironne L. H. R. 137 ; bat lend is 
biurnan [biumc] mid J)aere sae LA3. 1233 ; 
wit eild . , . berunnun c. M. 8351. 

bi-ripan^ \., pluck the fruit of; biripe (imp.) 
PS. bcxix. 13. 

bi-risen, v., f/or Jensen ; befit, become : wis- 
dom biriseS (pres.) weran & clenesse birisa^ 
wifan HOM. I. Ill ; j)e birise^ (sec. text bi- 
come]>) to aelche kinge LA3, 9821, 



birkOy see birche. 

birkm, adj., OJSI. birkinn,=J/.Z>«. barken, 

O.H.G. pirchin ; made ofbirch^ GOL. & Gaw. 

31. 
birle, sb., O.E. byrle, byrele, cf. OJ/. byrii ; 

cup-bearer, *pincema,* frag. 2 ; birle [borle] 

LA3. 24164; birles (pi.) Orm. 14023; 

birlen (dat.pl.) LA3. 19942. 
birlen, v., OJE. byrlian,=OJV. byria; act as 

cup-bearer, pour out, A. R. 1 14 ; Orm. 15418 ; 

bnllin PR. P. 51 ; birlide (pret.) WiCL. Jer. 

XXV. 17; birled M. H. 120; sche birlid whit 

win Tor. 292 ; birled (pple.) Orm. 1 5225. 
birler, sb.,=(9JV. byrlari; one who pours 

out drink, ^ exelerarius^ voc. 212 ; brillare 

PR. P. 51. 
bi-robben, v., rob ; berobbe}> (pres) ayenb. 

39. 
bi-roUen, v., roll over : al biroUed (pple) 

wij) J)e rain a. p. ii. 959. 
bi-rowexiy v., O.E. berowan ; row about \ 

birouwen [biro we] Laj. 21028. 
birst, see brucrt. bir{>e, see burtSe. 
btrSely see burSeL 
bis, adj., dark grey, neutral blue-, he lis 

toumbed in a marble bis Man. (H.) 230 ; bis 

and asure Lidg. Boch. (in N. E. D.). 
bi-see^en, v., let down, lower ; biseiS (pres.) 

HOM. II. 215 ; biaeid (pple.) in pe grune 

HOM. II. 211 ; bisaid 213. 
bi-sdleiiy v., assail; bes£Le (pres. pi.) p. R. 

L. p. 103. 
bi-samplen, v., f/or examplen (sample); 

moralize about', bi-satunpletS (pres.) A. R. 

88 ; biaaumpled (pret.) 316. 
bi-sawOy sh., proverb, a. r. 88 ; bisawe Trev. 

III. 309. 
bi-s&wen, v., ^^M.H.G. besaejen ; sow; bi- 

saweS (pres.) hom. 1. 107. 
bi-sceadiiiy v., O.E. besceadian ; overshadow, 

beBhddeth (pres.) Gow. III. in ; beahiUled 

(pple.) Gow. II. 109. 
bi-sohadwe,v.,=i!/J?«. beschaduwen, J/.//^ 

G. beschatewen ; shculow around, leg. 83; bi- 

80hadewe]> (pres.) s. S. (Web.) 586. 
bi-sohedexiy v.,^? M.H.G. beschuten; be- 
sprinkle : he bischedde (Pple.) it wi]> watir 

WiCL. 4 KINGS viii. 15.' 
bi-sohenden, v., ruin; biaohent (pple.) 

c. M. 14838. 
bi-sohdren, v., O.E. bisceran; shear; bi- 

Bohom» biscom (pple.) C. M. 12231. 
bi-achilden, v., f/or ^eaoMlden; ? protect: 

|)ine feond (fr. freondj J>u biaoUdest (pres.) 

HOM. I. 7. 
bi-achine, v., 0.E, bescinan, - OJi.G. bi- 

sdnan, Goth, biskeinan ; shine on, HORN (H.) 

12; beshine Ber. 1113; bi8hine]> (pres.) 

Orm. 1885 1 ; half |>e eor)>e )>e sonne bi- 

schine]> JARB. XIII. 167; beshinej> Gow. III. 



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bi-schiten. 



bl-seon. 



67 



242; MselidD ipret) Trev. 1. 393 ; beschine 
(ppU.) Trev. I. 325. 

bL-8Chiteii« v., 0,E, hesc^tan,=M,//.G. bc- 
schizen ; defi/e with excrement ; bishiten 
{ppU,) Alis. 5485 ; besshit Townl. 235. 
bischop, sb., 0,E, biscop, bisceop, biscep, 
from Lot, episcopus ; bishop, R. S, vi ; biscop 
MISC. 43 ; biBpes {pi.) Misc. 39 ; bisohopen 
{dot, pi,) o. & N. 1 76 1 ; comp, arohe-bisohop. 

biadhop-hftd, sb., O.E, bisceoph&d ; office of 
bishop \ bischophood WiCL. PROL. i TiM. ; 
bischophade C. M. 21248. 

biaohop-riolie, sb., O.^.biscoprice ; bishop- 
ric^ Bek. 1008 ; biscoprlche FRAG. 2. 

bifloop-Btdl, sb., b.E, bisceopstol ; episcopal 
see, MISC. 145; bisoopstole {dot,) La;. 18218. 

blBOop-w^rty sb., O E. bisceopwyrt ; bishop* s 
wort, wood betony, FRAG. 3. 
biBchopen, v., OJL. biscopian ; confirm (as a 
bishop) ; bissohopel' (pres.) Shor. 5 ; bus- 

ahoppede (pret.) Langl. Cxviii. 268; bis- 
bede, ibisbede MiRC 158. 

bitoeopunge, sb., bishoping, confirmation, 

HOM. I. 101. 
ht-Bchiewen^v^fbeshrew, corrupt; bisohrdwe 

(pres.) Ch. C. t. D 845 ; beshrewij) [* depra- 

vat'] WiCL. PROV. X. 9 ; bisdhrewed (pret.) 

L4NGL. ^iv. 168 ; biBchrgwed (pple.) Trev. 

1. 113 ; beshrewed Gow. I. 76 ; fis world is 

al beshrewed P. 45. 
bi-8Cbricheii« v., screech about: and {)e bi- 

BohTiche|> [biscriche]>] (pres.) and bigrede)) 

0. & N. 67. 
bi-BChiitten, v., shut up; bishette (pret.) 

Alis. 5709; bischitten, bishetten Langl. 

-<4 iL 189; biBohet (pple.) Will. 2014 ; bishet 

OCTOV. (W.) 1280 ; beshet R. R. 4488 ; besset 

ATENB. 94. 

bi-scom, sb., scorn, Trev. L 179. 

bi-soomen, v., cover with scorn ; biBOomd 
(pret) c M. 1661 1 ; bescomed [v. r, biscomed] 
Ch. C. T. 7278. 

bi-BOumeiit v., shun, p. l. s. viii. 77 ; bischune 
(imper.) REL. L 183. 

bifle, see biBBe. 

bise, sb., O.Fr. bise (ffrom O.H.G. blsa) ; 
north wind: bigan a wind to rise out of );e 
north men calleth bise Hav. 724. 

bi-sechexiy v., O.E. besecan,= 0./w. biseka, 
OJI.G. besuochen, mod. En^. beseech ; seek, 
visit; beseech : nu ich mot bisechen [biseche] 
M Jing bat ich aer forhowede Laj. 3494 ; )>aet 
beo walden bisechen ))ene king & bidden hine 
mfldce 12272 ; )ni scholdest bisechen me 
cosses A. R. 102 ; biseken gen. & ex. 2492 ; 
Hav. 2994; blBiohe (pres.) Kath. 2375; 
Langl. -4 i. 58 ; Aus. 4631 ; bcsechc Mand. 
316; beseke LUD. Cov. 129 ; bisek)), biseh|» 
0. & N. 1439; bezek]> ayenb. 117; blBdo 
(imper.) novL L 17 ^ biseke we nu godes 



migt gen, & EX. 4155; biseche^ (procure) 

eow wepnen La^. 125 13; bisahte (pret.) 

Kath. 239^ ; ]ia bisohte he nutescalen La^. 

29265 ; bisoghte Perc. 2144 ; bisouhten 

A. R. 230; biBoht (pple.) R. s. V ; SPEC 72 ; 

bisouht A. R. 234 ; bisojt Fl. & Bl. 127. 
biBdohere, sb., one who beseeches; bi- 

BdoheriB (pi.) Wicl. Zeph. iii. 10. 
biBSohinge, sb., beseeching, WiCL. 2 PARAL. 

vi. 19; bezechinge ayenb. 98. 
b6Bdkand*lik, adj., propitious, vs. cxxxiv. 

14. 
bi-segen, v., for aBdgen ; besiege ; bisegi 

Rob. 399; bisege Trev. L 91; biB§ged 

(pret.) Will. 2843 ; blB5ged (pi>le.) Man. 

(F.) 5108. 
bi-seggen, v., O.E. besecgan, - O.L.G. bi- 

seggean, O.H.G. pisagen ; signify ; biseitS 

(pres) HOM. IL 173. 
bi-8§me, v., for ^eBSinen ; beseem, seem, befit, 

Gow. L no; a. p. i. 310; blBdmeS (pres.) 

tUL. 55 ; j)at ivele hem bisemej) PL. cr. 58 ; 
isemez Gaw. 161 2 ; as )>ei besemen Will. 

2529; bisemen ^ conveniunt^ WiCL. ROM. i. 

28 ; biBSmede (pret.) A. R. 148 ; J)ine wordes 

beo)> ... so blBfimed (pple.) O. & N. 842 ; 

besemid Triam. 720. 
bi-senchen, v., O.E. bisencan, « O.L.G. bi- 

senkian; submerge, a. R. 400; bisenkenORM. 

19690 ; hi biBenche'S (pres.) us on helle hom. 

L 107; blBenote (pret.) hom. L 87 ; biseinte 

[bisencte] A. R. 334 ; ure ifan . . . beo^ bi- 

Benote (pple.) in to helle hom.; 1. 87. 
bi-senden, v.,=M.L.G., M.H.G, besenden ; 

send to : erl Jon . . . blBende (pret) him al 

so & bisou^te (h)is grace ROB. 491. 
bi-sdne^ adj., O.E. bisene, early mod.Eng. 

bisson ; blind; bisen c. m. 16595 ; bisne gen. 

& EX. 472 ; J)u art blind ofer bisne O. & N. 

243- 
bi-sengeiiy v., O.E. besengan ; singe ; bezenge 

AYENB. 23a 
biseninge, pple. cf. OJ^. bf sna ; ill-boding, 

monstrous, Barb. leg. II. 129. 
bi-seon, v., O.E. beseon,= ^X.G^. bisehan, 

O.H.G. pisehan, Goth, bisaihvan; see, provide, 

A. R. 344 ; biseon to me hom. L 197 ; bisen 

GEN. & EX. 1313, 2141; S. s. (Web.) 507; 

biseo Bek. 105; to biB§oime Marh. 15; 

J)onne beBihJJ (pres.) j)eo soule sorliche to J»en 

lich(ame) FRAG. 5 : biflih (imper.) H. M. 33 ; 

bisih, bisij [bisehj J)e LA5. 16048, 24157; 

])e bet he hine biseo [beseo] O. & N. 1272 ; 

biB8Bh (pret.) Laj. 4907; biseh JUL. 2i ; 

bisai Rob. 192 ; fa eorles . . . bisejen heom 

bihinde LA3. 26J06; blBehe (suoj.) Misa 

193 ; blBe^e (pfie.) P. L. S. xii, 103 ; besein 

Gow. L 341 ; biseie HocCL. i. 142 ; elde . . . 

haj) me biseie Langl. B xx. 201 ; so richeli 

biseie Ch. C. t. E. 984. 
biBeing, sb., circumspection ; bezii nge 

AYENB. 184. 



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68 



biseken* 



bi-spel. 



bisekeiiy see biseohen. 

bi-seowexiy v., 0,E, besiwian ; sew ; bisowe 
Will. 1688; besewed (pple^ Will. 3 117; 
Gow. III. 312. 

bi-serve, v., serve diligently \ beserve c. m. 
23053. 

bi-setten, v., 0,E, besettan, = O.H,G, pi- 
sezzan, Goth, bisatjan, mod.Eng. beset ; flace, 
arrange, set s surround^ rel. I. 213; bisette 
Langl. ^ v. 264 ; Ch. C. t. A 279 ; besette 
be tour Fer. 3228 ; (h)is catel to bisette LEB. 
JES. 116; wel bezette J)ane time ayenb. 214; 
\^ biset his ibonc on his ehte hom. I. loi ; 
bisette {pret,) gen. & ex. 2687 ; Will. 1214 ; 
and bisette ]>is schip al aboute Brd. 21 ; biset 
{pple,) A. R. 58 ; Kath. 1578 ; it was ejwhaer 
biset wib deorewurJ)e stanes Orm. 8169; J)ou 
hast wel beset mi god Octav. (H.) 956. 

bisi, see biisi. 

bi-sibbe, sb., f relative, Shor. 70 ; * ajffinis * 
voc, (W. W.) 562. 

bi-6iohen, v., sigh, sigh for ; bisiohe'S (pres,) 
HOM. II. 201. 

bi-sidOy -ffi[deny -sides, see side, 

bi-siht, sh.f=M,II.G, besiht, /y provision; 
besiht C. L. 311 ; besi^te procl. 6. 

bi-sinken, v., O.E. besincan, = O.L,G. bi- 
sincan, M,I/,G. besinken; sin^: bisinkeS 
{submerges) hom. II. 177 ; hwa se li^ i leiven 
deope bisimken H. M. 33. 

bi-sitten, v., 0.E, besittan,= O.Z.G^. bisittian, 
O.I/,G, pisizzan ; sit upon, beset, oppress ; hit 
schal bisitten [bisitte] oure soules sore Langl. 
A ii. 1 10. 

bi-slaberen, y.,^L,G, bcslabem; beslaver; 
bislabered (pple.) Langl. B\, 392. 

bi-8loberen,» v., bedabble ; beslobered (pple,) 
Langl. ^xiii. 401. 

bi-slomeredy pple., covered with mud: his 
hosen al beslomered in fen PL. CR. 427. 

bismer (Pbismer), sb., 0,E, bi-, bysmer, 
bismor, « 0,L.G, bismer, -smar, 0,H,G, pi-, 
bismer, n,; mockery, contumely, insult, HOM. 
I. 107 ; bismar RoB. 12; J)e be bismar havetS 
idon LA3. 4403; bismere (oat,) Kath. 551 ; 
Langl. (Wr.) 2651 [bismer B w, 89]; h. s. 
7400; bi-, busmere Trev. I. 179; lauhwen 
him to bismare A. R. 270 ; bismare, bisemare 
Ch. C. t. a 3965 ; bisemare Alis. 648. 
bismere-spSche, sb., cf, 0,E, bysmorspraec ; 
blasphemy. Mat. xxvi. 65. 

bismerien (Pbismerien), v., 0.^. bismerian, 
bismrian, = 0,H,G, pismeron, bismaron ; mock, 
insult; bi8emere]> (pres,) and scorneb J)e 
guode men ayenb. 22 ; bismereden (pret) 
Lk, xxiii. 36, 

bismerwen, v., 0,E, besmyrian, = ^.//;G^. 
besmiren; besmear; bismeoruwed (pple,) 
A. R. 214. 

bi-smiten, v., 0,E, besmltan, - 0,H,G, pi* 



smizan ; contaminate, soil ; besmiten Mk. vii. 
15 ; ne bismit (printed bi sunt) (imper,) j?a 
))e mid drunkenesse hom. I. 13. 

bi-smitten, \,,^ M,Du, besmetten, 0,H,G, 
bismizzen ; contaminate, pollute ; bismitted 
(pret,) ^ contaminaverunt* PS. liv. 21; bi- 
smitted (pple,) A. R. 214; besmetted, -smet 
AYENB. 32, 229. 

bi-smdken, v., cover with smoke; bismdked 
(pple,) Ch. Boet. i. i (5). 

bi-smoteren, v., stain, defile; bismotered 
(ppie,) Ch. C. t. A 76. 

bi-smudden, v., besmut, soil; bismuddet 
(pple,) A. R. 214*. 

bi-smndelen, v., make muddy, soil, defile; 
bismu'Seled (pple,) a. r. 214*. 

bisne, sb., 0,E, bysen, bisen, = 0,N, bysn, 
0,L,G, (an)busn, Goth, (ana)busns fi; exam- 
ple, Orm. 8987 ; Halliw. 179 ; sette us bisnc 
hom, I. 5 ; ure laverd . . . teache^ us )nirh a 
bisne 245 ; bisne (dot,) H. M. 45 ; |>a he to 
bisne nom LA3. 30 ; comp, for-bisne. 

bisne, see bisene. 

bisnien, v., 0,E, bysnian, = 0,N, bysna ; give 
an example; bisenes (pres,) M. H. 124. 
bisntingey sb., 0,E, bysnung; example, 
HOM. I. 93 ; bisenmg L. H. R. 118. 

bi-sniwen, v., 0,E, besnlwan, = M,H,G, 
besnien ; cover with snow ; bisniwe (pple) 
Langl. C vii. 266 ; bisnewed Langl. B xv, 
no; besnewed ayenb. 81 ; Gow. I. in. 

bi-BOcne, sb., petition, request, a, r. 376; 
(spelt bisockne) LA3. 30219* ; bisokne S. A. l, 
155 ) ^IP"^ bisokne of ]>e king delated it was 
^ute Rob. 495 ; bisoonen (dat, pi) HOM, L 
261. 

bi-soilen, v., besoil; bisuiled (pple) Shor. 
108 ; bisoiled misc. 225. 

[bi-sor3e-Iich, adj., =G^^r. besorglich (solid- 
tous) ; comp, tm-bisor^elioh.] 

bisp, see bischop. 

bi-sparren, v., 0,E, besparrian, = 0,H,G. 
pisparran, -sperran; shut up, enclose; bi- 
sperred, bisperede (pret) Langl. ^xv. 
139 ; bisparrede (/ ms, bisp^iTGd, printed bi- 
sparre^) (pple, pi,) A. R, 94*. 

bi-spdken, v., cf, 0,E, besprecan,=0.//;(7. 
pi-sprechan, O.A,G, besprekan ; talk of, talk 
with : J)i soster bispekeb J)i dej) P. L. S. xiii. 
144 ; bispao [bispek] (pret) L. H. R. 32 ; sge 
ne bispac him nevere GEN. & ex. 1444; 
bispek Rob. 524; heo bispeken heom bitweo- 
nen )7et heo walden ibujen to ]>ere apostlan 
fer(r)eden hom. I. 91 ; bispoken Ar. & Mer. 
1240; bisp^e (pple) o. & N. 1738; Rob. 
^5 ; ^e habbe]> a mong ^u . • , bisp^e ]>at 
ilome Bek. 919. 

bi-spel, sb., 0,E, bigspell, = M,H,G, bispel ; 

parable^ example, HOM. I. 233 ; o. & N. 127 ; 
bispeUen (dat, pi) Mat. xiii. 3. 



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bi-sp5ten. 



bi-t&onen. 



6^ 



bi-speten, v., spit upon ; bispete WiCL. Mk. x. 
34 ; biapdteS {pres.) A. R, 288 ; bisp&tten 
{prtt) WiCL. Mk. xv. 19; bispdt, bispat 
{ppU.) WiCL. Lk. xviii. 32; bispat misc. 
14a 

bi-spitten, v., spit upon ; bispitte WiCL. Mk. 
xiy. 65 ; bispit {ppU,) P. R. L. P. 240. 

bi-spotten, v., bespoty Ch. Boet. iii. 4 {^^. 

bi-spreeden, v., = M,H,G* bespreiten ; be- 
spread', bispr^bdde (pret,) LA3. 16521 ; 
besprdd (pple.) K. T. 762. 

bi-sprengan, v., 0,E, besprengan,=i1/.//lG^. 
bespreneen ; besprinkle, hom. I. 127; bl- 
spieDg (iVrt/^.) HOM. 1. 73 ; bieprenge {subj.) 
Rob. 128; bisprengde (pret,) Bev. 350; 
bisprdnde WiCL. Hebr. ix. 19; biipreint 
{pple,) ST. R. 502; bespreint wi]> bloode 
LiDG. M. P. 91. 

bisprengil, v., sprinkle over; besprengild 
GEST. Rom. 26. 

bi-aptiBen, v,y/or spfLsen ; espouse ; bisptiBed 
ipple,) HOM. II. 159; bispusede II. 13. 

bissOy sb., OJ^r. bysse, from Gr, ^uaa-os ; 
a sort of Jim stuff, Gow. III. 34 ; bis SPEC. 
26; biis Guy (Z.) 2835 ; WiCL. Lk. xvi. 19. 

bi-fltanden, v., O.E. bestandan, = Goth, bi- 
standan, 0»H.G. pistantan ; stand about, stand 
around', bistonden HOM. II. 173; blatant 
(pres.) o. & N. 1438 ; wenne hundes hine 
bistonde^ Laj. 1698 ; bistod (pret,) r. s. v 
(MISC. 180) ; GEN. & EX. 3857 ; whan hem 
bistode ncde Will. 175 ; stormes hem bistode 
Trist. 367 ; bistonden (pple,) Laj. 30323 ; 
A. R. 264 ; Jul. 31 ; & is mid storme Caste 
bistonden HOM. II. 43. 

bi-8t^uren, v., stare at : ))e keiser bistdrede 
(pret.) hire Kath. 309. 

bi-st^en, v.,=3/.Z>«. besteden, OM,G, pi- 
staten; appoint, place ; bested (pple,) Triam. 
1461 ; bistad Ch. C. T. B 649 ; whar was J)e 
child . . . bistad GREG. 455 ; bestad HOCCL. 
i. 129 ; LUD. Gov. 329 ; wofulli bestad Gow. 
1. 198 ; bista^d A. R. 264 ; Mark. 3. 

\nr9X&kBn^=M,Du, besteken ; shut, A. R. 62 ; 
bisteken (pple.) Hom. I. 247. 

bi-st^n, v., 0,E, bi-, bestelan ; steal, steal 
away, steal on : he wenden wel to bistelene 
in to ^re burhje LA3. 9756; and bist&l (pret,) 
from ]>an fihte 28422 ; elde me is bistdlen 
[fple.) on P. L. S. viii. 9 ; HOM. I. i6l ; & is 
bistole a wai Fer. 3876. 

bi-Bt^, sb., by-path : bistres (//.) Shor. ps. 
xxii. 3 (in WiCL. PREF. 4). 

bi-stowen, v., bestow, place ; bistowe Shor. 
95 ; Langl. B\\\, 75 ; Ch. C. t. A 3981. 

bi-steppen, v., ffor ^eeteppen ; ? step ; beo 
heo bistepped (pple,) ])er ute A. R. 174. 

bi-strewen, v., 0,E, bestreowian, = M.H.G. 
bcstreuwen, -striuwen ; bestrew ; bistre- 
woden (pret,) HiCKES I. 167 (hom. I. 5). 

iH-strideiiy v.y 0,E^ bestndan, ? = M,L,G, 



bestriden; bestride, La^. 28020; bistride 

Hav. 2060; Alis. 706; bistride]? (pres:) 

Langl. -5xvii. 78 ; bistrod (pret.) leb. Jes. 

803 ; be stede he bistrood Gam. 189 ; bestrod 

Tor. ^04. 
bi-Btriipen, v., 0.E, bestrypan, = M,H.G, 

bestroufen ; bestr$p)> (pres,) ]>e zeve zennes 

vram j>e herte ayenb. 123. 
bi-stunten, v., check, rein in ; bistint (pret.) 

Alis. 1183. 
bi-stuiieiiy v., 0,E. bestyrian ; bestir ; bistere 

Alis. 5837; bestere Gow. III. 295 ; bestirej? 

(imper,) 30U Ar. & Mer. 6025. 
bi-sturing, sb., emotion ; bcsteriinge ayenb. 

263. 
bi-siUien, v., 0,E, besylian,= J/./^.G^. besiiln ; 

soil, defile \ bisiilieS (pres.) HOM. II. 37. 
bi-siilpeiiy v., f pollute ; bisulpea (pres.) a. p. 

ii. 575^ 
bi-8W8eten, \,,—M,H.G, besweizen; cover 

with sweat', biswM (pple,) LA3. 9315. 
bi-sw&pen, v., 0,E, beswapan ; envelope, en- 
tangle : bi s(c)andlice senne beswftpen (pple.) 

HOM. I. 239. 
bi-swenken, v., ? = M.H.G, beswenken (dolo 

capere)', toil, labour', biswenkez (pres,) 

D. Arth. II 28. 
bi-swiken, v., O.E. bi-, beswlcan,=az.6*. 

beswican, 0,H,G, piswichan; deceive, LA3. 

754 ; Alis. 4609 ; biswiken A. R. 224 ; Orm. 

1 1678; besviken Sax. chr. 264; biswike 

0. & N. 158; Horn (L.) 667 (R. 669); 
beswike Rich. 5918 ; biswikeS (pres.) hom. 

1. 25 ; P. L. s. viii. 7 ; bisw&o (pret,) LA3. 
2126; biswak Orm. 12478; besvak a M. 
3734; biswoc HOM. 1. 213 ; biswok Man. (F.) 
1 1398; biswiken (pple,) frag. 8; A. R. 
54 ; Orm. i 1640 ; gen. & ex. 3561 ; biswiken 
SPEC. 45 ; bisviken a M. 8632 ; biswike Hav. 
1249; bisvike ROB. 272; biswiked ^de* 
ceptus ' P. s. Ixxvi. 3. 

besvikere, sb., deceiver, AYENB. 171. 
bezvikinge, sb., deceit, ayenb. 28. 
bi-8wingen, v., 0,E, beswingan ; flog ; bi- 

sw(u)ngen (pple.) spec. 81. 
bi-swinkeny v., 0,E, beswincan ; procure by 

labour-. J)at mowen her bred biswinke Lanol. 

BV\, 216; bi8winke]> (pres,) PL. CR. 722; 

biswonk (pret^) L. H. R. 27 ; biswunken 

LEB. Jes. 361 ; biswonke Langl. Bx^h, 290 ; 

beswonke (pple,) Halliw. 169. 
biswine-flQ, adj., toilsofne\ biswincfule a. 

R. 188. 
bit, sb., M,L,G, bit, bet, = M,H,G, biz n, ; 

(bfidle-)bit, bitt ^ (frenum) lupatum^ VK, P. 

37 ; bitte (dot,) Ch. l. g. w. 1208. 
bi-tacnen, v.,= 0,Fris, bitekna, 0,H,G, be- 

zeichenen ; betoken, signify, Orm. 019 ; bi- 

tokene Trev. V. 9 ; bitftcneS (pres) hom. I. 

79 ; bitocne^ A. R. 170 ; betocnej) ayenb. 15; 

what bitacnie^ [bitocne]>] )>a draken LA3. 



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JO 



bi-tdchen. 



16008; bitaonede (fret,) hom. I. 89; 
bitoknede ROB. 288; j>at he has lord and 
king of kinges wel bitoknede J)e sterre Shor. 
123 ; bitftoned {pple.) H. M. 5 ; bitocned 
A. R. 374. 

bit&onunge, bit&oninge, sh.f= 0.//.G, pi- 
zeihinunga; signification^ hom. I. 47, 51; 
bitocnunge A. R. 270; bitokninge Bek. 102. 

bi-tcecheny v., 0»E, betsecan ; assign^ commit^ 
deliver^ Orm. 6126 ; bitaechen, bitechen LA3. 
5314* 1 1502; bitechan Angl. VII. 220; 
bitechen A. R. 300 ; Hav. 203 ; biteachen 
Mark. 5; biteche Will. 5184; biteche 
(pres,) Al. (T.) 178 ; Crist i j)c biteche Horn 
(R.) 577; bitfic, -t90 {imper.) La^. 16847, 
18922; bitilhte(/r^/.) HOM. 1. 11; KATH.608; 
(ms. bitahhte) Orm. 14774 ; bitahte, bitaehte 
LA3. 247, 27246; bitagte GEN. & EX. 212; 
bitauhte Hav. 2212; betaujt(e) s. s. (Wr.) 
324 ; betaughte R. R. 4438 ; pe ring ]>at 1 him 
bitaughte Perc. 2156; betohte HOM. I. 221 ; 
bitei^te Bek. 1827 ; bitUit (pple.) SPEC. 42 ; 
bitaujt Will. 5289 ; biteiht a. r. 166. 

bi-t&keiiy v., cominity deliver^ Laj. 6251 ; 
Hav. 1226 ; bitake S. S. (Wr.) 30; fei schulen 
bitake \^tradenf\ WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 9; bitdke 
(pres.) Rob. 475 ; mi soule bitake [betake] 
i to Sathanas Ch. C. t. A 3750; hi betake^ 
ayenb. 36 ; bitak (imper.) Horn (R.) 785 ; 
bitok (pret,) La;. 22464* ; Will. 66 ; s. s. 
(Wr.) 412; Ch. C. t. 6^541 ; he bitoc it in 
warde ROB« 183 ; betoke Tor. 2250 ; betdke 
(subj,) AYENB. 89. 

bi-t&le, sb., parable, LEB. JES. 243. 

bi-t^ten^ v., shake] bitalt (ppie.) A. P. i. 
11^. 

bi-tavelen, v., overcome in gaming ; an anlepi 
meiden, wi^ hire anes mu^, have^ swa biteve- 
let (z/.r.bitaulet ow) , . . alle Kath. 1288. 

bite, sb., 0,E. bita, = 0,N, biti, 0,H,G, bizzo ; 
from biton; bit, morsel, Rob. 207; c. L. 1343 ; 
j>ane bite (earlier text bitan) \^ buccellam'] 
John xiii. 30; vor |>e bite of one epple A. R. 
334 ; an bite braedes Orm. 8640 ; fe bite J>at 
fei eten Langl. ^xviii. 200. 
bite, sb., O.E. bite,^ 0,L,G, biti, 0,Fris. biti, 
bite, O.H.G, biz ; bite, act of biting, A. R. 288 ; 
S. S. (Web.) 760 ; Mand. 49 ; J)in bite [* mor- 
sus tuus '] hom. 1. 123 ; fane bite ayenb. 61 ; 
|>e bite of swordes t%^ Kath. 2437; mid 
steles bite Laj. 11327 ; bite, bitte a m. 8500 ; 
bite, bitt(e) *morsus^ pr.j>. 37; hxiit ^ morsus' 
voc 198 ; bitt Alis. 5436 ; bit Iw. 94 ; bite 
cutting edge Ar. & Mer. 4808; bit, bitte Gaw. 
212, 2224; biten (dat.pL) La;. 21364. 

bitel, adj., biting, keen, Orm. 10074; bitele 
duntes La;. 26967. 

bitely see betlL 

bitel-brouwed, adj. [t/.r.biterbrowed], beetle- 
browed, Langl. A v. 109. 

bi-tellen, v., O.E. betellan (defend) ^OJ^ris, 



biter. 

bitella, M.H.G, bezellen (acquire); defend, 
conquer : bitellen wel & weien Orm. 2045 ; 
¥et tu beo mi motild a;eines mine souk foo 
J)et heo hire ne muwen bitellen hom. L 205 ; 
to bitellen eowere rihtes La;. 7894; bitcUc 
leg. 169; TowNL. 217 ; and lust hu ich con 
me bitelle o. & N. 263 ; bltelleS (pres.) A. R. 
226* ; bitdld (pret,) GEN. & ex. 920 ; nu jra 
havest Brutlond al bit&ld (ppU,) (sec. text 
awonne) to J)ire bond La;. 18099. 
bitellunge, sb., f defence, excuse; A. R. 392. 
biten, v., O.E. bItan, = O.L.G. bItan, O.Fris., 
O.N. blta, Goth, beitan, O.H.G. pizan, blzan ; 
bite, A. R. 364 ; biten mete La;. 15340 ; on bis 
lippe . . . bite Ch. C. t. A 3745 ; J)er was no 
knif ))at wolde him bite Egl. 491 ; bitef 
(pres.) Orm. 99S4; bit hom. L 123; a. r. 
186; misc. 9; ayenb. 66; heo bite% La;. 
20173; bitej) AYENB. 70; bitinde (pple.) K.¥.. 
428; AYENB. 143; bftt (pret.) Orm. 12422; 
Ivv. 2029; hot hom. II. 181 ; GEN. & EX. 2926; 

C L. 1343; L. H. R. 135; S. S. (Web.) 773; 

OCTOV. (W.) 329 ; LUD. Cov. 29 ; Chariis bot 
his lippen Fer. 141 ; he bot [boot] his lippes 
Langl. Ay. 67; biten (pret.pl.) Alis. 5435; 
J)a scipen biten on J>at sond La;. 1788 ; bite 
LEG. 161 ; biten, beten (pple.) Ch. l. g. w. 
2318 ; beten L. H. R. 74 ; ibite Aus. 5438; 
ibete Trey. VII. 299; comp. a-, and-, for- 
biten ; deriv. bite, bitel, biter, bait, 
[bitere, sb., biter ; comp. bac-bitere.] 
biting, sb., biting, LiDG. M. P. loi ; bitioga 
( fplur.) HOM. I. 33. 

bi-teon, v., O.E. beteon, = Goth, bitiuhan, 
O.H.G. piziuhan ; bestow, draw over, betrc^, 
La;. 0117 ; j>i luve . . . hwar meiht tu biteon 
hire betere ben upon me A. R. 398; here 
swine he wel biten gen. & ex. 3626 ; bitag 
(pret) GEN. & EX. 2878; bitdjen (pple.) 
HOM. I. 31 ; La;. 19902 ; ^or (h)aveth a skie 
hem . . . bitogen (covered) gen. & EX. 3796 ; 
bitogen [bitowe] rel. I. 174; |>e nihteg^e al 
hire ho;e mid rede hadde wel bitoje o. & N. 
702 ; or elles ich hevede uvele bitowen (em- 
ployed) muchel of mine hwule a. r. 430. 

biter, adj., O.E. biter, = O.N. bitr, O.H.G. 
biter, pitter, cf. Goth, baitrs; from biten; 
^*//^, HOM. II. 33; GEN. & EX. 3300 ; MISC 
27 ; S. S. (Web.) 849 ; biter wind HOM. 1. 167 ; 
biter ine smac ayenb. 82 ; bitter A. R. 302 ; 
J)et bittere frag. 6; nawt bittres Kath. 1704; 
to )>an bittre (dat) de'JSe HOM. I. 27; of 
bitere speche 95 ; bittere (//.) HOM. I. 43 ; 
bittere [bitere] swipen La;. 21247 ; wi¥ bittre 
besmen Marh. 5; bitere (adv.) [O.-ff. bitre], 
bitere La;. 16381*; bitere, bittere, bittre 
Langl. B iii. 249 ; bitterer (compar.) PR. c 
7272; biterure hom. II. 173; bittrore spec. 
99 ; bitterest [biterest] (superl.) La;. 9685 ; 
bittrest HOM. I. 283. 

biter-browed, bitter-browid, adj. \v. r. 
bitelbrouwed], Langl. Ay. 109. 



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biter. 



bi-]7arf. 



71 



biter-hede, sb., bitterness, ayenb. 28. 
biter-liche, adv., 0,E, biterlicc; bitterly, 

Laj. 13626* ; Langl. Civ. 144 ; bitterliche A. R. 

364; bitterii Will. 2083 ; biterluker (^;»/.) 

Misc 92 ; bitterlukest {superL) H. M. 35. 
bitemesae, sb., 0,E, bitemess; bitterness, 

MISC 28 ; Shor. 91 ; bittemesse A. R. 372. 
bitere, sb. = O.H.G, bitten ; bitterness : for 

bitter of mi galle Langl. A v. 99. 
bi-tideziy v,,/oryBiilden; betide, happen, A. R. 

278; bitide Horn (L.) S43 ; Will. 730; (ms. 

bityde) Laj. 2236* ; shame be mai bitide SPEC 

90; bitidi|>, bitit (pres.) LANGL. J?xi. 393 ; 

jif us cni ufel bitit hom. L 71 ; bitidde {pret.) 

0. & N. 1107 ; GEN. & EX. 3861 ; Bek. 1511 ; 

Gaw. 2522; tcl me hou j>at bitidde S. S. (Wr.) 

589 ; betidde ant. Arth. i ; blttd (ppU) 

GEN. & EX. 1978. 
bitiding, sb., happening, Ch. Boet. v. 3 

{/55). 
bi-tilden, v., O.E, bi-, beteldan; cover (as 

with a tent), envelop : and lette bine bitiUen 

(?=bitilden) mid goldfaje pallen LA3. 27852 ; 

bitOd (ppie.) Jul. 8. 
bi-timen, v.,y27r^6tini6n; happen : ^ifsunne 

bitamed bi nihte A. R. 324 ; bitimde (pret.) 

Marh. 2. 
bitor, sb., O.Fr. butor; bittern, Ch. C. t.Z? 

972; bittor Chest. L 51 ; totors (pi.) Ar.& 

Mer. 3130. 
bi-toveren* v,, perhaps from MX.G,, M.Du. 

htidveren, = M./I,G. bezoubern; fascinate, 

GEN. & ex. 2962. 
M-traie, bi-traiase, v.,y&r trale ; betray. La;. 

8923*; Bek. 316; Shor. 112; Langl. A'\. 

37; bitraiede (pret) misc 38; betraicd, 

betraised Ch. d. Bl. 1120; bitraied (pple,) 

Ch. L.G.W. 137; bitrasshed R. R. 1520. 
bitraing, sb., betrayal', betraying WlCL. 

wiSD. xvli. II. 
bitraisingy sb., betraying', betraisinge [be- 

traiing] Ch. l. g. w. 2460. 
bi-trappe, v., 0.E, betraeppan, -treppan,= 

AfJ)u, betrappen; entrap, take in a trap, 

Gow. in. 257; bitrappet, bitreppet (pple.) 

A. R. 174* ; betrapped D. Arth. 1630. 
bi-traut, v., betray, betraut D. Troy 731; 

betrautid (pret.) 11767. 
bi-trayailen, v., work at, or for j compose (a 

book) ; torment : for no bred )>at ich bitra- 

vaile (pres.) Langl. Cxvi. 210 ; thei bitra- 

veliden (pret.) mi wiif WiCL. JUDG. xx. 5 ; 

|>is storie is bitravailled (pple.) bi cause of 

Britaine Trev. L 27. 
bi-tr^den, v., tread over ; bitredeth (pres.) 

Trev. Barth. (in n. E. d.). 
bi-trenden, v., surround : sorwe him gan be- 

trcnde Fer. 4006; betrende (pret.) LEG. 

127; bitrent (pple.) Ch.Tro. ii. 1231. 
bi-treou)>eii« v., betroth ; bitr§u}>6de (pret.) 

Shor. 66 ; betreujiede Fer. 2105. 



bi-tr5a])inge, sb., betrothing, Shor. 59. 

bi-tristen^ v., trust-, betroat (pple.) Gener. 
3615. 

bi-triifleiiy v., delude ; bitrufletS (pres.) a. r. 
106. 

bi-triLmen, v., O.E. betrymian; encompass, 
Marh. 20; bitnimede (pret.) hom. IL 87; 
bitnimet (pple.) Marh. 6; betremed Lk. 
xxi. 20. 

bitte, see bite and butte. 

bitted, pple., having a bit; bited Pall. i. 
1 162. 

bitter, see biter. ' 

bittren, v., O.E. biterian, = O.H.G. bitaron ; 
make bitter, A. R. 308 ; bitteret (pres.) hom. 
L 23, 

bi-tiihten, v., £rA?M^ ; bitiiht [bitijt] (pple.) 
mid ru^e felle O. & N. 1013 ; wi]> fair pal it 
was betight Al. (L*.) 596 ; bitought Guy 232. 

bi-tunen, v., O.E. bi-, betynan,=il/./?«. be- 
tuinen, M.H.G. beziunen ; hedge in, A. R. 164 ; 
bitOnde [J>ret) hom. L 83 ; bitundcn LA3. 
4287; bituned (pple.) k.'Sl. 164; bi-, betuned 
FRAG. 6 ; bituined Kath. 1659. 

bi-tumen, v., turn about : bitum |)e and cum 
a^can a. r. 394; bitumde (pret.) Marh. 12; 
Rob. 210. 

bi-twechen, v., f exorcize, rid; betweobe 
(pres.) P. R. L. P. 23. 

bi-tweonen, adv. & prep., O.E. betweonum, 
-tweonan, bitweon ; between, Mat. xxv. 32 ; 
bitweonen A. R. 72 ; bitweonen, -tweone 
HOM. L 91, 141 ; bitweonen [bitwine] 
LA3. 2080; bitwenen )>issen bro^eren 10461 ; 
bitweone twom monnen 22968 ; bitwene 
24274 ; betwune 4307 ; bitwenen Orm. 384 ; 
bitwinen hom. IL 51 ; bitweone, -twene o. & 
N. 1379 ; bitwene LanGL. A iii. 68 ; so mikel 
love was hem bitwene Hav. 2967; bitvene 
treat. 134; betvene ayenb. 66; bit wen 
GEN. & EX. 760. 

bi-twih, adv. & prep., O.E. betwih, -tweoh, 
-twyh, -twuh ; between : bitwi3e /Engle londe 
& Normandie Laj. 20947 ; bitvei;en, bitwihan 
hom. L 37 ; bitwihen O. & N. 1747 ; bituhen 
Kath. 1526. 

bi-twix, adv. & prep., O.E. betwix, -tweox, 
-twyx, -twux,=0./^r/>. bitwischa, -twiskum, 
mod.Eng. betwbct ; between, betwixt. Am. & 
Amil. 142 ; betwix D. Arth. 801 ; bitwix, 
-twixen Ch. C. t. Z?88o, ^1075 ; betwex, 
-tweox, -tweoxe, -twexe, -twuxe Mat. xx. 26, 
Mk. vi. 51, X. 26, xiv. 19; bitwux, -twixe, 
-twixen, -tuxe, -tuxen [bitwixte] LA3. 2329, 
2335, 2553, 5010, 10886; bitwcx Horn (L.) 
346 ; bitwuxan HOM. L 91 ; betwuxc 225 ; 
bitwuxen frag. I ; bituxen O. & N. 1747 ; 
bitvixte SHOR. ^^. 

bij>, see witS. 

bi-^arf, v. (pret. -pres.), O.E. be):earf,= O.L.G. 
bitharf, 0.k.G. pidarf; need, want-. j?aet ge 



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1% 



bi-)?6ccheii. 



. . . bejjurfen Mat. vi. 32 ; be)>uxf6 (subj,) 
LEECHD. III. 114. 

bi-)>ecchen, v., 0,E, bi-, be)>eccan,=0./r.G^. 
bedecchen ; cover : mid paelle bi|>fl9ht (pple,) 
LA3. 19215 ; bi]>ehte (pi) 22338. 
bi-)>enoheny v., 0,E. bi)>encan) = O.H.G. piden- 
chan, Goth, bi]>agkjan; think upotty remind, 
bethink, Mark. 5 ; bij)enche Bek. 43 ; Shor. 
33 ; he mot hine ful wel bij)enche O. & N. 
471 ; bis word . . . Je dej> dejjenche ayenb. 
loi ; bifenken Orm. 2917; bibenke Will. 
3057 ; bi]>inken HOM. I. 61 ; beminkin * cogi- 
tOy meditor' PR. P. 34; bi)>enohe (pres,) 
HOM. 1. 161 ; he li^ & bi^nche^ him hwonne 
he wule arisen A. R. 324; bi)>enki]> WiCL. 
Lk. xiv. 31 ; bi)>enc)) o. & N. 1509 ; bebengj) 
AYENB. 18 ; bij^eno {imper,) Laj. 9816 ; bi- 
J)enk J)e AN. LIT. 91 ; bij)ench R. s. i (misc. 
1 56) ; bi bench J)e bet P. L. S. xix. 27 ; bi)?dhte 
( pret.) La;. 670 ; o. & N. 939 ; )>ene mon he 
lufede & wel bijjohte HOM. I. 59 ; bi¥ouhte 
a. R. 200 ; bijwjte HORN (L.) 411 ; biSouht 
(pple,) A. R. 342; biJ»ouht c. L. 698; heo 
was . . . wel bi)K>uht La;. 25 10 ; ich habben 
(r. habbe) me bi)K)ht wh(a)t ich don wulle 
16745 ; bi))03t Fl, & Bl. 469 ; {>at ^u beo bet 
bibojt P. L. s. XX. 54 ; in his wisdom was al 
bi%ogt ear ¥anne it was on werlde brogt gen. 
& EX. 37 ; to bidden his milce to late we beo^ 
bi))ohte R. s. iv. 

bi)>enoliing6, sb., action of thinking \ be- 
|)enchinge ayenb. 233. 

bi-)>raweny v., torture : J)at i wij) love am so 
bo)nr6we {pple.) Gow. IIL 5. 
bi-threten, v., threaten \ bithrdtt {pple.) 

C. M. 10102. 
bi-l'rmgen, v., 0,E, bi-, bebringan,= 0.^.(7. 

pidringan ; oppress : fer ion wes o )K)n fihte 

. . haerde biorungen [bi))rongen] (ppte,) La;. 

8814 ; wi]> wandra)) bij)rungen Orm. 14825. 
bi-J^iinchen, v.,= 0.//.Cz. pidunchen; seem: 

3if him so bitStinohed (pres.) A. R. 346. 
bi-)mrfen, v., f 0,£. bej»urfan (pret. bejwrfte), 

= O.H.G. bedurfin, (pret. pidorfti) ; be needful, 

need\ bi)>orten (earlier text beJ>orfton) (pret!) 

Lk. ix. II. 
bi-uven, bufan, adv., O.K. beufan, bufan,= 

M.Du.y M.L.G. boven ; above, HOM. L 95, 1 59 ; 

bufen, bufenn eor|)e Orm. 4773 ; buven Kath. 

2396 ; HOM. II. Ill ; he is buven us P. L. S. 

viii. 44 ; aerest wes be white buven & seo^^n 

he wes binco^n La;. 15978; buven, buve 

A. R. 46, 106 ; buve O. & N. 208 ; bove AN. 

LIT. 5 ; al J)at is bove and under molde 

Shor. 117 ; comp, a-bufen. 
bivien, beovien, biivien, v., O.E. bifian, beo- 

fian, = O.L.G. bivon, O.Fris, beva, O.N. bifa, 

O.H.G. piben, biben; tremble. La;. 23530, 

25242, 27718 ; biveS (pres) GEN. & ex. 2280; 

beoveden (pret.) La;. 28357. 
bi-weeven, v., O.E. bewaefan, = Goth, bi- 

vaibjan; clothe \ blwdfde (/r^/.) La;. 28474 ; 



bi-wepen. 

biwSved (pple) Misc. 55, 140; Aus. 1085; 
biweved hii were bothe mid Welsse mandes 
Rob. 539 ; biwaeived La;. 22132 ; mid wintre 
he wes biweaved 130. 

bi-wailen, biweilen, v., bewail, Ch. C. t. 
i926 ; biweile WiCL. gen. xxiii. 1 ; biweille}' 
(pres.) Alis. 4395 ; biwaillnge (ii>le.) Ch. 
TRO.iv. 1223; biweilddest (pret^ Ch. Boet. 
i. 6 (26). 

bi-waine, be-waine, be-wat^e^ sb., profit, 
gain, Barb. leg. 1 1. 130, 136. 
bi-wAken, v., ^/.//.Cz.bewachen ; watch about, 
GEN. & EX. 2444 ; biwake s. S. (Web.) 2764 ; 
Al. (T.) 565 ; biw&keden (pret!) hom. II. 35 ; 
hine biwakeden in ))ere nihte )>ritti hundred 
cnihten (r. cnihte) La;. 7576 ; bi woken Orm. 
3339 ; bewAked (pple.) Gow. II. 350. 
bi-waUen, y.,=M.L.G. bewallen; surround 
with a wall) biwalled (pple.) La;. 18607; 
LEG. 177. 
bi-walwieii« v., O.E. bewealwian; wallow 

about', biwalede (pret.) hine a blode La;. 

27744 ; biwaled [biwalewed] (pple.) on axen 

25989. 
bi-wappen, v., f astonish', bewaped (pple!) 

Beves 1689 ; bewhapped and. assoted Gow. 

III. 4; bevapid Fer. 3037. 
bi-wdrien, v., invest (money), lay out, expend : 

if be clerk beware his faij> m chapmanhode at 

such a faire Gow. I. 262 ; bi wit is wel bi- 

wAred (pple.) Ch. Tro. i. 636. 
bi-wedden, v., O.E. beweddian, = O.Fris. 

biweddia ; wed ; biwedded (pple.) frag. 8 ; 

HOM. I. 149 ; a king of Britame havede heo 

biwedded La;. 4500; his biweddede wif 

31960. 
bi-wei, sh.,== M.H.G. biwec; by-way, Man. 

(F.) 10145. 

biweilen^ see biwailen. 
bi-w61de,v., ^^r;ew61den; wield \ bewelde 

Gow. L 312; biwalt (pres.) HOM. II. 25; 

biw&lden (pret.) HOM. II. 87. 
bi-wellen, v., well up ; be wel Trey. I. hi. 
bi-wenden, v., O.E. bewendan, = O.H.G. 

bewenden, Goth, biwandjan ; turn away, turn 

round : to hwuche of ))eos foure mei he him 

biwenden A. R. 306 ; (hit) biwent (pres.) him 

ofte 132 ; biwende (pret.) Kath. 2362 ; Jesus 

hine biwende Misc 45 ; biwente Horn (L.) 

321 (R. 329) ; Map 334; bewent K. T. 1026; 

heo biwenden heom sone La;. 26576. 
bi-weorpen, v., O.E. beweorpan, = OJ^.G. 

bi-, bewerpan, O.H.G. piwerfan ; overwhelm : 

mid holiwatere beworpen (pple) frag. 7. 
bi-wepen, v., O.E. bewepan, = O.Fris. bi- 

wepa ; weep for, hom. 1. 39 ; a. r. 108 ; Orm. 

1 5 136; biwepen Misc jZ', biwepe O. & N. 

980; biwepe Shor. 102; R. R. 5121 ; biwepe 

(moisten) Pall. iv. 61 ; biweop (pret.) A. R. 

278; biweop Alis. 3655; biwiep HOM. II. 

145 ; biweopen Marh. 21 ; biwepte Gow. 



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bi-wdpen. 



blao. 



n 



III. i8a; WiCL. GEN. 1; bew6pen (ppU) 
Ch. Tro. iv. 916 ; here visage al biwope 
(covered with tears) s. S. (Web.) 11 86; 
biweped Will. 661. 

biwepere, sb., one who beweeps\ biwS- 
periB (//.) WiCL. wiSD. xviii. 10. 

bi-werian, v., 0,E, bcwerian, O.L,G, bi- 
werien, 0/H,G. piwerian ; defend, HOM. 1. 15 ; 
biwerien p. L. s. viii. 168 ; bu . . . biwerest 
roannecom from deore O. & N. 11 26. 

bi-weten, v., wet, moisten; biwdt (ppie.) 
Pall.vL 1 10; wi^ teres al bewet Halliw. 
171. 

bi-weyen, v., whirl away; biwdft {pret.) 
C. M. 04109 ; biwafde LA3. 30856. 

bi-wicohen, v., bewitch; bewicche Mand. 
159; biwioohed (pret.) Langl. ^xix. 151; 
biwioohed (^le,) Trev. II. 423 ; biwucched 
(sec, text biwiccbed) LA3. 24276. 

bi-wi^elien, v., delude, deceive, La^. 969 ; bi- 
wihelen [biwihelin] JUL. 56, 57. 

bi-wflen, v., ? -biwijelien; rel. 1. 182 (misc. 
123) ; biwiled (fiple.) Shor. 67 ; Gaw. 2425. 

bi-wimplen, v., - M.L,G,, M.Du. bewim- 
pelen; cover with a wimple; bewimpled 
{pple,) Gow. II. 359. 

bi-winden, v., 0,E. bi-, bewindan,« Goth, 
biwmdan, O.H.G. piwintan; wind around: 
biwinden J)e rapes HOM. I. 47 ; blwindeS 
(pres.) HOM. II. 95; biwond (pret,) leg. 
88 ; biwtinden (pple,) Jul. 76 ; mid seorwe 
biwunden frag. 5 ; wi^ )K)mis al bewonde 
P. l. s- vi. 3 ; bewounde Gow. II. 295. 

bi-winnen, y,,-=M,H,G, bewinnen, for ^e- 
winnen ; win, LA3. 472 ; biwinne Fl. & Bl. 
374; chr. E. 465 ; biwinnetS (pres,) H. M. 
29; biwan (pret,) Rob. 420; biwan, -won 
La). 29, 4674; biwon HOM. I. 41 ; J>u biwunne 
Laj. 7878 ; (heo) biwunnen [biwonne] 3782 ; 
biwimnen (pple.) A. r. 228 ; biwunnen [bi- 
wonne] LA3. 131 1 ; biwonne an. lit. ii. 

bi-wi8t, -westy sb., OjE, bi-, bigwist fy 
being, living, HOM. II. 161, 169; bewiste 
JL H. 69 ; CM. 13832 ; bewiste, beowust, 
bcouste A. R. 156, 160 ; hu beo^ J)ine beouste 
Laj. 17809; whar beo heore beouste {printed 
beonste) 26090. 

bi-witen, v., go away, Alis. 5203. 

bi-witen, v., O.-E.bewitan ; pret. bewiste ; take 
care of, HOM. I. 245 ; biwiten, -witten LA3. 
6659, 13782 ; biwifite, biwuste (pret,) LA3. 
207, 12920; biwistest Jul. 33; biwusten 
Misc 52 ; biwust (pple,) a. r. 104. 

bi-viten, v., 0,E, bcwitan (pret, bewat) ; take 
care of; biwit (pres,) Marh. 3 ; (ha) biwite^ 
H. M. 29; biwftt (pret,) Laj. 13028; bi- 
witen (pple,) 19535. 

bi-witie^ v., O.E, bewitian, bewitigan ; take 
care of, LA3. 6659* ; biwitejen 25010 ; to bi- 
witiende (=biwitienne) hom. IL 195; bi- 
wltede (pret,) Laj. 31013*. 



bi-wlappe, v., bewrap, WiCL. Job xviii. 11. 
bi-word, sh.,^ M.H.G. blwort ; byword, Sax. 

chr. 259 ; biword Ch. Tro. iv. 769 ; Townl. 

96. 
bi-wrappen, v., wrap up ; schulen bewrappe 

^involvent^ WiCL. JOB xviii. 11 ; bewrapped 

(pple.) Will. 1735 ; biwrabbet a. r. 260*. 
bi-wrejen, v., = O.Fris, biwrogia, 0,H,G, 

beruogen ; bewray, accuse, Ch. C. T. A 2229 ; 

bewrie Will. 2435 » bewr§ie (pres, subj.) 

M. T. 102 ; biwreide (pret^ Alis. 4562 ; 

bewrSied (pple.) Gow. II. 356. 
biwriire, sb., one who reveals; bewraier 

^recelator* PR. P. 34. 
biwrSiingy sb., action of revealing, Ch. C. 

T. G 147. 
bi-wr6ke, avenge; bewreke Rich. 6283; 

LiDG. Troy ii. 16. 
bi-wrenoheii) v., 0,E, bewrencan ; deceive ; 

biwrenoheS (pres,) a. r. 92. 
bi-wrdon, v., 0,E, bewreon ; cover ; biwreo, 

-wro o. & N. 673 ; biwrieth (pres.) Alis. 

6453 ; biwri^en [biwreje] (pple,) LA3. 5366 ; 

biwrien A. R. 262. 
bi-wrixlen, v., y^r jewrixlen ; change; bi- 

wrixled (pple,) A. R. 310. 
bi-wiirohen, v., O.E, bewyrcan ; work ; be- 

wroght (pple.) Egl. 1152. 
blft, adj., O.N. blar, = 0,E. blaw, bl«w, O.Fris. 

blau, 0,H,G, blaw, fLat, flavus; blue-black, 

livid, PR. c. 5261 ; blaa ISUM. 31 1 ; bio Hickes 

I. 230 ; SPEC 86 ; Rich. 2644 ; Trist. 2976 ; 

Man. (H.) 173 ; reed and bio gen. & ex. 637; 

bio and blac Map 335 ; )>e water so bio Em. 

318; as bio as led Townl. 224; bio [bloo] 

askes Langl. B\\\, 97 ; bloo * lividus^ pr. p. 

40 ; bloo ^fulvus * REL. I. 8 ; blodi and bloo 

LUD. Cov. 335. 

bld-er)>e» sb., * argilla^ PR. P. 40. 
bl&-mon, sb., 6>JV. blama^r ; Moor, Marh. 

10 ; blac as a bloamon [blamon] A. R. 236 ; 

bloman OCTOV.(W.) 1405; blft-, blomen (pi.) 

C. M. 2118 ; blomen Trev. I. 45 ; of Ethiope 

he brohte ^a bleonien LA3. 25380. 
bl&nesBe, sb., blueness, livicUty; blonesse 

^livor' PR. P. 40; blones WiCL. EX. xxi. 25. 
blabbe, sb., blabber, tell-tale, Ch. Troil. iii. 

251 ; PR. P. 37 ; blab (chcUter) Ber. 3022. 
blaberen, v., cf, Dan, blabbre, Ger, blappem ; 

blabber, WiCL. PROL. 1 ESDR. ; blaberin * bla- 

tero' PR. P. 37; )k)u blaberest Halliw. 180; 

bei blaberin LUD.Cov. 164; i blaberde Langl. 

^v.8. 
blabir-lippid, adj., with swollen lips, cath. 

33 ; DiGB. iii. 927 ; cf, babir-lippid. 

blac, adj., O.E. hlxc,^ M,Du, black, O.N, 
blakkr; black, LA5. 3070; A. R. 234; HAV.555; 
TREAT. 133; Fer. 2437; blak'w;;^^, ater' 
PR. P. 38 ; Ch. C. t. A 2130; Mand. 51 ; k. 
T. 773 ; blak and bio SPEC 68 ; Townl. 224; 



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/4 



blao. 



blanchard. 



be blake deovil HOM. 1. 251 ; blake (//.) HOM. 
I. 51 ; blake monekes Rob. 433 ; j>a blake 
elates LA3. 1 3 102; blacore (compar.) Marh. 
10; blakkure Misc. 149. 
blak-berie, sb., O.E, blaecberige ; blackberry ^ 
Halliw. 180; (ms. blake bene) voc. 140; 
Will. 1809. 

blac, adj., O.E. blaec, M.Du, black, 0,H,G. 
plach, blach, O.N, blek n,; ink ; blek ^ atra- 
mentum * PR. P. 39 ; blacche, blacchepot 
voc 181. 

blao, adj., 0,E, blac, blaec,= OJL,G, blec, 0,N, 
bleiicr, O.H,G, pleicb, mod,Eng. bleak ; pale, 
LA3. 19888 ; HOM. I. 249 ; blac ant won spec 
74; blak L. H. R. 150; ANT. Arth. li; bloc 
A. r. 332 ; blecbe ayenb. 53 ; Gow. II. 210 ; 
bleik 'pallidus' PR. P. 39; LiDG. Th. 2332; 
bl&ke \pL) Laj. 1888; weren for hunger grene 
and bleike Hav. 470. 

blad, sb., 0,E. blaed, = 0,L.G, blad, 0,N, bla¥, 
0,H,G. blat ; blade (of grass ^ of a sword) ^ 
Fer. 4433; J>at blad AUD. 12; blad, blade 
PR. P. 37 ; blade Ch. C. T. ^ 618 ; bl6de (dat:) 
Man. (F.) 10039 ; comp, windel-blad. 
blad-smith, sb., PR. P. 37 ; D. Troy 1592. 

blAdin, v.,« M.L,G, bladen, M.H,G. blaten ; 
blade (in two senses) ; bladyn herbys ^detirso^ 
bladyn haftys * scindulo ' PR. P. yj, 

bladre, sb., 0.E, blsedre, blaeddre,=il/'.Z.G^. 
bladere, bledere, M.Du. blaere, 0,N. bla^ra, 
0,H,G, platra, blatra ; from bl&wen ; bladder\ 
blader rel. I. 190 ; bladdre CH. C. T. G 439 ; 
bleddre A. R. 282; Shor. 2 ; bleddere, bledder 
PL. CR. 222 ; bleddir * vesica ' PR. p. 39 ; bloure 
(ms, blowre) Townl. 62 ; blore York xxvi. 
188; bl^&dran, blidre (dat) leechd. III. 
82, 84. 

bladren, v., ? swell like a bladder \ fcladdlrl> 
(pres) N. P. 66. 

blsedy sb., 0,E, blsed, blae15, treat, ly^cf O, 
H,G, plat; from bl&wen; blasty breath \ 
bleade (dat) HOM. I. 97. 
biaS-flBSt, adj., 0,E, blaedfaest ; / pros- 
perousy famous La^. ioioo, 6986. 

bl&S, sh.y^M.Du. blaes, M.H.G. bias ; blast, 
bles A. R. 82 ; windes bles Misc 93 ; cl. m. 
30; bias Fer. 2648 ; blase (dat.) Laj. 27818. 

blflBsen, v., = a^. blasan, O.N. blasa, O.H.G. 
blasen ; blow : he gan to blasen out a soun 
Ch. h. f. 1802. 

bl*8t, sb., O.E. hlassty^ O.N.G., M.Du. blast, 
O.N. blastr ; from blSsen; blast : bemene blaest 
LA3. 19926 ; blest AYENB. 203 ; blast 'flatus ' 
PR. P. 38 ; TREAT. 136 ; SPEC 106 ; Ch. Tro. 
ii. 1387 ; homes blast GEN. & ex. 3464; REL. I. 
223 ; windes blast Alis. 235* ; s. & c I. lii ; 
blaast Trev. IV. 371; bliste (dat.) Brd. 19; 
wlj) streng1)e of his blast(e) J)e white brent fan 
rede Ar. & Mer. 1538 ; comp. |>oner-bUi8t. 

bla^sten, v., O.^.blastan; blasty breathe heavi- 
ly ; Waste Brd. 27 ; leg. 167 ; and gan to 



puffen and to blaste Ch. h. f. 1866 ; he gninte 
and blaste P. L. S. xv. 99 ; blasten Alis. 5348 
comp. a^blcBsten. 

blseten, v., O.E. bl2etan,=0.//.G^. plaian; 
bleat\ bletin ' balo* PR. P. 39; blete leg. 
152 ; Langl. Cxviii. 38 ; Her. 3245 ; Townl 
106; blfite|> (pres.) Orm. 1315; blettnge 
(^/^.)TREy. IV. 153. 
bletinge, sb., = 0.//.Cr. plazunga.; bleating^ 

* balcUus^ PR. P. 39. 

blseS, see blSd, blet$, and bleats. 

blaffen, \.y^M.Du. blaffen; stammer^ wlaffes 

'balbeie^ VOC 173; wlafBng (pple.) LLC. 

119. 
blaffere, sb., stammerer, 'traulus, PR. P. 

37 ; wlaffere ayenb. 262. 
blafibrdy sb., f M.Du. blaffaert; stamtnerer, 

* traulus, PR. P. 37. 
blaky see blao. 

blake, sb., blackness : biholden ever his blake 
& nout his hwite A. R. 282. 

blakeberied [v. r. bla^beried, blakburied], 
sb., cf. begge)>; hir soules goon a blake- 
beried (f a-blackberrying) Ch. C. t. C406. 

blakieiiy v., O.E. blacian,- 0.N bleikja, 0. 
H.G. bleichen ; turn pale , Marh. 9 ; his neb 
bigon to blakien [blokie] Laj. 19799 ; blaken 
Man. (H.) 183 ; blake av. ArTH. xv ; fanne 
gan bleiken here ble P. S. 341 ; hwenne |>in 
heou bldke]> (pres.) Misc loi ; blAkedo 
(pret.) LA3. 7524. 

blakin, v., O.E. blacian ; blacken, PR. P. 38 ; 
blaken, blake c M. 14747 j blake)> (pres.) 
Shor. 155 ; blakede (pret.) Jul. 48 ; blaked 
(pple.) Ch. C. t. ^3321. 

blaknen, v. : he bigan ... wit hem ful sore to 
blakne (look black, grow angry) Hav. 2165. 

blaknen, v., .^=blfikien; of deithe nammore 
to blokne Shor. 4. 

blame, sb., O.Fr. blasme ; blame, h. m. 33 ; 

Horn (L.) 1265 ; p. l. s. xxii. 4 ; ayenb. 23. 

blftmable, adj., blameable, Trev. VI. 25. 

bl&me-fUl, adj., imputing blame, blame- 

worthy,V^lCL. EsTH. xvi. 6; blamefull Kath.' 

106. 

bl&mefUl-(l)i, adv., apol. 112. 
bl&me-les, adj., blameless, Trev. I. 251 ; 
Gow. III. 220. 

blamen, v., O.Fr, blasmer ; blame, A. R. 64 (v. 
r. lastin); blame Marg. 200 ; \}\Sjn!E/S(pres.) 
HOM. II. 73; blame]> ayenb. 17; blamede 
(pret.) Rob. 272. 

bl&mer, sb., one who blames; bl&meres 
(PL) WiCL. Is. 1. 6. 

blano, adj., O.Fr. hlsinc, from O.H.G. blanch ; 
mod.Eng. blank ; shining, white ; blonc REL. 
I. 37 ; his blonk sadel Gaw. 2012. 

blanchard, adj., O.Fr. blanchart; whitish, 
Gener. 2458 : stedis . . . baith blanchart and 
bai Gaw. & Gol. II. 19. 



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blanchet. 



bleddre. 



75 



blanohety sb., Fr, blanchet ; a sort of painty 
HOM. I. 53. 

blanohin, v., Fr, blanchir ; blanch, PR. P. 38 ; 
blawnehede(^/^.) M.ARTH. 3040; blanched 
P. P. II. 50. 

blano-mangerey sb., O.Fr. blanc-manger ; 
blanc-mangey Langl. B xiii. 91 ; blankmanger 
Ch. C.T.J 387. 

bland, sb., O.^., (9jV. bland ; mixture ; in 
bland together Ai.EX. 2786 ; Gaw. 1204 ; A. p. 
iL885. 

blanden, v., O^. blandan, 0,N, blanda,= 
Goth, blandan, M,Du, blandcn, 0,H.G, blan- 
tan ; mix : blonde hit with milke L. C C. 24 ; 
blande {pple,) Gaw. 1931. 
blanden, v., O.Fr. blandir; blandish, flatter \ 
b]onde)> (pres.) Shor. 73 ; blaundisainge 
(pple) Ch. Boet. ii. 1 (30). 
blandereySb.,,/^/^r^; blondere AYENB.61. 
blandinge, sb., blandishing ; blandinge 
AYENB. 75 ; blandis(s)inge P. L. S. xix. 165. 
blandissen, see blanden. 
blanesse, see under bl&. 
blanke, sb., 0£. blanca, blonca ; cf, 0,H,G, 
Wane ros, also planchaz {white horse) ; (white, 
grey) horse; blonke Will. 3326 ; ant.Arth. 
xliii ; blanken, blonken (//.) LA3. 5862, 135 12. 
blanket, sb., O.Fr, blanquete ; coarse woollen 
doth, blanket, Bek. 1 167; hir belle was of 
blonket {f printed blenket) ant. Arth. (R.) 
xxix (M. plonket) ; see, blanchet. 
blaren, v.,=^Af,Du, blaeren {vagire, balare)\ 
weep noisily ; blorin ^fleo ' PR. P. 40. 
bias, see blss. 

blase, sb., 0£. blsese ; blaze, flame, torch, hom. 
1. 185 ; A. R. 254 ; Hav. 1254 ; Langl. B xvii. 
212; Ch. Tro. iv. 184; Ber. 2352; enne 
blase of fure Laj. 2859 ; fei setten al on blase 
Gow, II. 244; blase, blese PR. P. 39; a m. 
8877; blA8en(//.) A. R. 254; blcsen Yfl^ci^s'] 
John xviii. 3. 

blisen, v., blaae, ^flammoj blasin PR. p. 
38; brennen & blasen Langl. ^xvii. 232; 
bhtae|> {pres.) Trey. I. 5 ; Gow. 1. 258 ; vort 
al J>et hus blasie vor^ A. R. 296; bldsed (pret,) 
Aus.« (Sk.) 729. 

blMnge, sb. & adj., flaming, ^ flammacio^ 
PR. P. 38 ; biasing starre (cynosure) P. R. L. P. 
54. 

blisen, see bll&sen. 

blaafSme, sb. & adj., blasphemer, blas- 
phemous : shulden siche blasfemes be stoned 
to deej) WiCL. s. w. III. 347; heithen and 
blasfeme men WiCL. 2 Macc. x. 4. 
blaafSmen, v., Fr, blasphemier, Gr. i3\a<r<^- 
^»; blaspheme \ bla8£§me|> (pres) ayenb. 
30; blaafemed, blasphemed (ppU:) Ch. C. 

T./?2l83. 

blasfemie, sb., Fr, blaspheme, Gr,p\a<T<l>T)fita; 
blasphemy, A. R. 198 ; AYENB. 57. 



blasfemour, blasphemour, sb., blasphemer, 
Ch. C. t. Z>22I3. 

blasoun, sb., 0,Fr, blason; blazon, shield, 
Gaw. 828 ; Rich. 5727. 

bl&8t, see blest. 

blannner, sb., kind of fur, Gaw. 155 ; blau- 
ner B. Disa 117 [blaundemere F\ 

blawen, v., 0,E, blawan, = 0,H,G, plaen, 
plahen, Lat, flare ; blow (as the wind), Alis. 
(Web.) 5630; blawen, blauwen, bjowen LA5. 
79O) 794, 4462; blauwen HOM. I. 81 ; blawe 
Hav. 587 ; IsuM. 393 ; blaue ant. Arth. xxvi ; 
bloawen A. R. 210 ; blowe Hav. 913 ; Rob. 7 ; 
Ch. C. t. a 565 ; blowe & blaste Marg. 213 ; 
bragge or blowe LUD. Cov. 183; bl&u)> (pres,) 
AYENB. 25 ; bostus and blawus AV. Arth. xxiii ; 
(hi) blawe]> ayenb. 24 ; )>e engles . . . blowej) 
heore heme Misc. 163 ; bl&we [blou] (imper.) 
LA3. 25789; blou Hav. 585; spec 51; ajrj>eo 
bemen bio wen frag. 7 ; bl&wende (Pple.) 
HOM. I. 87; blowand Will. 3358; bl§ow 
(pret,) HOM. I. 221 ; bleow Alis. 491 ; blcou, 
bleu LA3. 808, 1762 ; atter J)et be aide deovel 
bl(e)ou on Adam HOM. 1. 75 ; blew gen. & EX. 
3085 ; bleu HOM. II. 19 ; Misc. 55 ; Brd. 24 ; 
LEG. 165 ; c. M. 12540; (ms, blew) Rob. 13 ; 
Langl. ^v. 515 ; blu a v. Arth. xv ; bleowen 
Mat. vii. 27 ; bleowen, blewen [bleuwen] LA3. 
5 107, 22061 ; blewe Ch. C. t. B 4589 ; bl&wen 
(pple,) PR. c. 685 ; TowNL. 14; blowen Langl. 
Bv, iS; s. s. (Wr.) 2181 ; comp, arbl&wen ; 
deriv, blSd, bl&dre. • 

bl&were, sb., 0,E. blawere ; blower; blower 
Trist. 535 ; comp. hom-bl&were. 
bl&wing, sb., O.E, blawung; blowing, 
breathing, HOM. I. 75 ; blawing Gaw. i6oi ; 
blowinge A. R. 426 ; blowinge PR. P. 41. 

ble, see blSo. blead, see blSd. 

bleat, adj., 0,£. bleat ; wretched, = 0,N, blautr 
(soft), 0,Fris, blat, M.Du, bloot, M,H.G, \A6z 
(naked) ; naked,wretched\ we habbe^ . . . moni 
senne gode wifmon iworht to bletere widewe 
La^. 23620 ; treon . . , mid J)icke boje no fing 
blete O. & N. 616. 

bleaS, sb., 0,E, blea^ (ignavus, timidus),— 
0,N, blautr, 0,L.G, bloth, O.H,G, blod ; 
timid; soft : dre(d)ful and ble^ GEN. & EX. 
2590; blae^ (?>r blaet) Laj. 18737. 

bleocheH, v., from blac; blacken; blekkin 
PR. P. 39; ibl»cohed (pple,) LA3. 17700; 
bleckid WiCL. Job xxx. 30. 

bleoen, v., O.Fr, blecier, blecher ( = mod.Fr, 
blesser); hurt, wound; bleohe)> (pres,) 
AYENB. 40, 238 ; blisaid (pple,) Rich. 546. 

bleohe, see bl&o. 

bleohen, v., 0,£, blacan (pple, blaeced) ; from 
bl&o; bleach, hom. II. 57; bleched (pple.) 
Ch. Boet. app. i. 45; wule a weob beon 
, . . mid one watere wel ibleched A. R. 324. 

bleoken, see blecohen. 

bleddre, see bladre. 



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76 



blede. 



bldtsien* 



blede, sb., 0,E. h\ed,'^0,//.G. bluot/y Jrom 
blowen ; flower ^ bloom^ hom. 1 1. 256 ; LEG. 85 ; 
far never gras ne springj) ne bled o. & N. 1042; 
withoute eni blede {offspring) Al. (T.) 27 ; 
blede, blaede, blseden (earlier text bleda) {pi,) 
John xv. 2, 4, 16 ; bleden [bledes] LA3. 28832. 

bledeiiy v., 0,E, bledan, = 0,Fris, bleda, 
OM,G, bluoten; from blod; bleed \ blede 
Hav. 103; Gow. 1. 188; TRIAM.379; blddde 
(pret,) Laj. 7523; A. R. 114; Langl. -5xix. 
103 ; his woundes bledden Alis. 5845; comp, 
bi-bleden. 

blee, see bleo. 

bleiky bleiken, see blfto, blftkien. 

bleine, sb., 0,E, blegen, = Dan, blegn, M,Du, 
bleine/y blainy ^papula, PR. p. 39; bleinGEN. 
& EX. 3027 ; bleine (dat,) R. R. 553 ; bleines 
ipl,) WiCL. EXOD. be. 9 ; pokkis and bleines 
Flor. 2024; bleinen (dat, pi,) Marh. 18. 
blSininge, sb., blistering, PL. CR. 299. 

bleky see blao. 

bleliy adv., for bletheli=:bli)'liohe; w/V/- 
ingly y^icu E. w. 417 ; Parton. 771. 

blemifiseiiy v., 0,Fr, blesmir ; blemish ; blem- 
ishen, blemschin ^obfusco^ PR. P. 39; ble- 
missed (pple,) Ch. Boet. i. 4 (20) ; al blemi- 
schid is thi ble Townl. 223. 

blenohy sb., trick, deceit, R. s. i (misc. 156) ; 
AYENB. 130; A. p. ii. 1202; blenk Man. (H.) 
201 ; blink H. S. 4185 ; blenches (//.) O. & N. 
378 ; bleflkes Hav. 307. 

blenohen, blenken, v., 0,E. blencan,= aA^. 
blekkja ; blench, flinch, steal away, deceive, 
HOM. I. 55 : a vieih mei eilen })e & makien be 
to blenchen a. r. 276 ; ich am war and blinke 
can wel blenche O. & N. 170; jif )>ou . . . 
fram him nelt blenche leg. 157; ))anne 
shaltou blenche at a berghe Langl. j9 v. 589 ; 
his ie gan blenche H. S. 3576 ; blinche a strok 
BEK.2172; blenke Man. (H.) 115; D. Troy 
2483 ; D. Arth. 2857 ; blenchij? {pres,) LiDG. 
M.P.215 ; blenote, blenchte {pret,)JVL, 72,73; 
bleinte Laj. 1460; Ch. C. t. A 1078; (ms, 
blenyte) Rob. 338; bleint Man. (F.) 1522; 
Tristrem bleint bi side Trist. 2779; j^i lokede 
aboute & bleinte bihinde j)e busch WJLL.31 1 1 ; 
bot dauid sagh and blenked (v.r, blenkid, 
blenched) lau c. M. 7668 ; comp, at-blenohen. 

blenden, v., 0,E, blendan, = 0,Fris. blenda, 
6>.//.G^. blenden ; make blind; blende Misc 
S8; Langl. ^x. 129; Ch. Tro. iii. 207; 
blende)> (pres,) ayenb. 33 ; blende)) mannes 
heorte Orm. 4525 ; blent HOM. 1. 251 ; Ch. p. 
F. 600 ; blende (pret,) Laj. 29361 ; R. S. iv ; 
A. P. ii. 1788 ; comp, a-, for-, ^e-blenden. 

blenden, v., 0,E, blendan ; from blanden ; 
blend, mingle ; blende Townl. 225 ; blende 
(pret,) Gaw. 1 361 ; blent (pple,) D. Troy 
3493. 

blenky see blench. 

blenken, see blenchen and blinken. 



bl6o, sb., 0,E. bleo, blgoh, bleo, M.Du, blie, 
0,Fris, blie, bll, 0,L,G, blT n,; colour, com- 
plexion, Marh. 9 ; spec. 33 ; feire on bleo 
MISC. 95 ; hit . . . change)) his bleo treat. 
139; bleo, bio o. & N. 152, 1547; blee Octav. 
(H.) 50; bright of blee Egl. 33 ; ble gen. & 
EX.457; Will. 3083; a.p. i. 212; Townl. 
223 ; blie Shor. 103 ; bl^os (gen,) frag. 3 ; 
ones bles GEN. & ex. 1725. 

[bier, sb.,=G^^. blerr; soreness o/eyes^ 
bler-ei^ed, adj., cf, L,G, bleer-oged ; blear- 
eyed', blereyed Uippus* PR. P. 39; voc. 225; 
blereijed WiCL. lev. xxi. 20; blereighed 
Langl. j^xvii. 324. 

bl6ren, v., cf, Swed, blira, plira ; blear (the 
eyes) ; blink, wink ; blere Rich. 3708 ; P. 41 ; 
jit schal i blere here ie Ch. C. t. ^4049; 
1 bleri rel. II. 211 ; |>ou blerest no^ so min 
eje Fer. 507; bl6red (pret,) Langl. A 
PROL. 71 ; blerid S. S. (Wr.) 2952 ; bl6red 
(pple) R. R. 3912 ; Gaw. 963. 

bl6ren [P bleren], v., protrude the tongue : 
grin on him and blere PR. C. 2226 ; with bi 
tunge on folk j^ou bleere H. v. 60 ; bleride 
(pret,) D. Arth. 782. 

bl6riy adj., bleared: bleri [v,r. blered] eien 
Langl. Cvii. 198. 

bleSy see bUes. 

blesohin, v,,cf, M,Du,h\eschen (? = beleschen), 
O L,G, leskian, 0,H,G, lescan; quench, 'ex- 
tinguo,* PR. P. 39 ; blissen gen. & ex. 553 ; 
and ¥is fier blessede 3803. 
blesohinge, sb», quenching, ^extinciio,^ PR. 
P. 39. 

blese, see blase. 

blesminy v,,from 0,N, blsesma (maris appe- 
tens) ; desire the ram, cath. 34* ; blismed 
(pple,) PS. bcxvii. 70. 

blessen, see bleschin. blessien, see bletsien. 

blest, see blitet. blet, see bleat. 

bleten, see bl&ten. 

bldtsieny v., 0,E, bletsian, bledsian, blsdsian; 

from blod, orig* meaning * sprinkle with 
blood\ see Angl. III. 156 ; bless; (printed 
blecsien) FRAG. 7; bletseijen Laj. 32157; 
blescien HOM. I. 215 ; blessi Misc. 55 ; blecen 
HOM. I. 57 ; blessen, blissen Ch. C. t. A 3448 ; 
blisse LUD. Cov. 50 ; blesoeS (pres,) HOM. I. 
137 ; blesse (imper,) an. UT. 7 ; blesce ^ 
. . . mid te eadie rode tocne A. R. 290; 
bletsede (pret) Mk. viii. 7 ; blessede Rob. 
338 ; heo blescede hire Marh. 17 ; bliscede 
gen. & EX. 1546; & blessed so wib his brijt 
bront aboute Will. 1192; blesseaen Will. 
196 ; blettsedd (pple,) Orm. 4826 ; bledsed 
HOM. II. 25 ; blessed SPEC 83 ; blissed Hav. 
2873 ; and wolde have blissid (stricken) him 
bet Rich. 546 ; his blissede zone ayenb. 87 ; 
comp, )e-bleissien« 
blessed-fid, 2j^y, full of blessing; bl(i)ssidful 
C M. II234; blestful N. £. D. 917. 



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bldtsien. 



blissien. 



n 



bleeaed-hed, sb., blessedness^ S. A. L. 82 ; 
blissedhede ayenb. 97. 
bleMid-li, adv., blessedly^ WiCL. GEN. xxx. 
10; blessedlooiirre {comp,) £d. 2711. 
bltoing, sb., 0,E. bletsung ; blessings Orm. 
10661; blessunge HOM. I. 71; A. R. 154; 
blessinge Laj. 13261 ; blissinge ayenb. 97; 
bliscing GEN. & ex. 1532. 

bleSy see blSaS. 

bleu, adj., OJ^r, bleu ; blue^ C L. 712 ; C M. 
9920 (sub^) ; blew PR. p. 41 ; Trist. 2404 ; 
Aus. 5272; Gow. III. 158; Ch. C. t. E 
2219 ; bleu as inde Mand. 48 ; blewe askes 
Langl. Civ. 125. 

bleren, see bi-l&fbn. 

bliand, sb., 0,Fr, bliaut, LXai, blialdus ; a 
sort of rich stuffs or garment made of it\ 
blihand Trist. 410 ; bleaunt Gaw. 1928. 

blicheningy sb., mildew^ Pall. i. 827. 

blie, see blSo. 

bmLen, v., O.E, bllcan, = 0,N. bllkja,/r^/. 
blcik, hf,H.G, blicben ; grow pale : his lippes 
shuUe bliken REL. I. 05 ; comp. a-bliken ; 
deriv, blfto. 

WDden, v., O.N. blika, = M.H.G. blicken ; 
shine, gleam, Laj. 27360: schal blikien 
scbenre )>en ^ sunne A. R. 36?; hire bleo 
blikiej) {for blike|>) so briht SPEC 52 ; bU- 
kinde (pple.) Marh. 13; blikede (pret.) 
Kath. 2396 ; blikked Gaw. 429. 

bliknen, v., (?.ACblikna ; glitter; grow pale : 
bliknande perles A. P. ii. 1467; jienne blikned 
\t ble ii. 1759. 

blin, sb., O^. blinn; for ♦bi-linne; ces- 
sation: widuten blin c M. 942; wit-outen 
blin 881, 1897. 

blind, adj., O.E, blind, = OX,G. blind, O.N. 
blindr, Goth, blinds, O.H.G. plint, blint; blind, 
Orm. 1859; £ek. 1695; sum blind mon o. 
& N. 1237; |>e blinde man Gow. II. 210; 
blindne (ace m.) hom. I. i i i ; senne blindne 
Mk. viii. 22 ; |>es blinden hand 23 ; blinde 
(pi.) Kath. 1062 ; blindere (gen. pi.) Mat. 
XV. 14 ; comp. stdre-blind. 
blind-fS^Uen, v., strike blind, put out the 
eyes; blindfold; PR. P. 40 : bauh J)u fin eien 
blindfeUie (subf) A. R. 106; blindfellede 
(pret.\ A. R. 106 ; MISC. 45 ; blindfeld 
(pple!) struck blind, C. M. 19615; blinfejd, 
mnded, Man (H.) 54, 

blind-fiallimge, sb., blindfolding, A. R. 1 88. 

bUn-hdde, sb., blindness, Hamp. ps. xcvi. 2. 

blind-hwarven, v., blind by spinning round: 

his ejcn weore blintwharved (pple.) C L. 

1146. 

bli]idlimsre» adv., «= O.H.G. blintilingo; 
blindly, Marh. 15. 

blindneaae, sb., O.E. blindness ; blindness, 
PR. P. 40 ; WiCL. 4 KINGS vi. 18 ; blindnisse 
Mk. iii. 5. 



blind-worm, sb.,= 5^^^. blindorm; blind- 
worm, voc. 223. 

blindin, v., cf. O.N., O.Fris. blinda, Goth. 
gablindjan, O.H.G. plinden, blinden; make 
blind, PR. p. 40; S. S. (Wr.) 2994; blindi}> 
(pres.) WiCL. s. w. I. 379 ; H. v. 92 ; comp. 
a-blinden. 

blink, sb.,=Z>tf«., Swed. blink ; glimpse : ))e 
leste )H)ghte ))at of godenesse hadde ani 
blinke H. s. 4449 ; blinkes (pL) test. Cres. 
226. 

blink, see blench. 

blinken, v., =:Z>^. blinken (pret. blonk), Swed. 
blinka (pret. blinkade), Dctn. blinke (pret. 
blinkede), mod.Eng. blink; shine, look at; 
before bi i3en hit blenkis (?for blinkes) 
(pres.) HALLiw. 185 ; blenked (pret). Gaw. 
7995 qvenne )« balefulle birde blenked on 
his blod ANT. Arth. xlii ; deriv. blano. 

blinnen, v., O.E. blinnan for *bi-linnan,= 
O.H.G. pilinnan ; cease, Orm. 4505; Misc 195 ; 
blinnen, blinne gen. & ex. 289, 1963 ; blinne 
Rob. 302 ; Will. 55 ; p. s. 212 ; mir. pl. 3 ; 
belinne Gam. 557 ; bllnnetb (pres.) Hay. 
329; blan (pret.) Fer. 1626; Iw. 178; Degr. 
II 17; AV. Arth. Iviii; blann Orm. 14565; 
blunne (ms. blinne, r. w. sunne) Hav. 2670. 
blinnunge, sb., cessation, Kath. 1694, 

blisohen, see bluschen. 

blismen, see blaamen. 

blisse, sb., O.E. bliss, hll^s; from bliSe; bliss, 

joy ]^gaudium'\ Lk.xv.io; hom. 1. 7; Kath. 
1723 ; A. R. 192 ; Orm. 719; gen. & ex. ii ;' 
Bek. 689; SPEC. 61 ; Gow. II. 145 ; blisse, blis 
O.&N. 420, 1280; blis SPEC. 60; ALIS.(Web.) 
2638 ; Trist. 2166 ; Ch. C. t. ^^33 ; blisse 
wes on daie LA5. 858 ; mid muchelere blisse 
2100 ; to ))ere blisse misc. 37 ; blisse (//.) 
R. S. v (misc. 170) ; blissen [blisses] La^. 
9027 ; blissen A. R. 192; blissene (gen.pl.) 
AN. lit. 96. 

blis-ftd, adj., blissful, HOM. I. 191 ; Kath. 
1879; Will. 1055 ; Ch..C. t. A 17; blisvol 
ayenb. 148 ; ))e blisftille (//.) tidinge hom. 
I. ^^ ; bllsfulle songes Laj. 9539. 

. bliefiil-hede, sb., blessedness, PR. C. 7836 ; 
CM. 6852; blisfulhed Hamp. ps. i. i. 

bli8fu(l)-liohe, adv., blissfully^ A. R. 40 ; 
blisvolliche ayenb. 94. 

blisftilnesse, sb., blissfulness, Ch. Boet. 
iv. 2 (113). 

blissien, v., O.E. blissian, blT)>sian; mcUie 
happy ; ne mei nan mon . • . blissien him mid 
})isse wordle S^gaudere cum saeculo ^] hom. I. 
33 ; blissien mire duje^e LA3. 19041 ; blissen 
HOM. II. 93 ; Orm. 444 ; bliscen a. r. 360 ; 
ich wiht . . . blisseb hit hwanne ich cume o. & 
N. 435 ; blissie [subf) hom. I. 105 ; blisse 
O. & N. 478 ; Jiah 5e blissen ow frof Kath. 
848; \\x havest blissed (pple.) min(e) soule 
HOM. II. 71; comp. 3e-blissien. 



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78 



blissien. 



blissieiiy see bletsien. 

blister, sh.,= M.Du, bluister; blister^ boily 

C. M. 6011 ; blistres (//.) FL. & leaf 408. 
blitJe, adj., O.E. bli^e, = O.L.G, bll^i, blithi, 

0,N. bll^r, Goth, blei>s, 0,H.G. blidi ; blithey 
glady cheerful^ Kath. 1879 ; A. R. 348 ; bli^ 

and fagen GEN.& EX. 1343 ; bli^ [blibe] Laj. 

1379 ; bli))e Orm. 668 ; o. & N. 418 ; ROB. 

1 14 ; HAV.651 ; AYENB. 87 ; Alis. 443 ; blij)e 

bode ihc ))e bringe ASS. 104; blij>e stones 

Gaw. 162 ; bli})e, blithe Ch. C. T. A 846 ; mi 

blithe fader D. Troy 2342 ; blive rel. I. 48 ; 

bUSre {compar,) frag. 6; LA5. 2527; ich 

am })e bli})ure O. & N. 1 108 ; blithest {superl.) 

Laj. 31 147. 
bliSe-liche, adv., O.E. bll^lice; blithely, 

A, R. 68 ; bli))eliche Brd. 5 ; blu^liche HOM. 

I. 31 ; Laj. 3304; blij)eliche, ble))eli Will. 

819, 1 144 ; ble))eliche s. S. (Web.) 503 ; blibe- 

like Orm. 035 ; blijjeli Man. (H.) 163 ; 

bliSeliiker (compar,) H. M. 3. 
birSe-m5d» adj., 0,E, bll^mod ; of cheerful 

moody Laj. 29701. 
blil'enesBe, sb., O.E, bll^ess, 0,H,G, blld- 

nissa; blithenessyjoy, Boet. ii. 3 (37). 
bli)?ey sh.,=O.N. bll¥a; joy, A. P. i. 354; 

L. C C. 36. 
bli)>e-Ail, adj., joyful, PS. ciii. 34* ; C. M. 

17887. 
blithin, v., O.N. bifida, = O.L.G. blTthon, 

O.H.G. bllden; make blithe, * exhilaro,* PR. 

P. 40 ; blith(e) c M. 17870 ; bUthid {pret.) 

DEP. R. iii. 94. 
blive, see under li£ 
bid, see blft. blobure, see blubber, 
bloc, see blftc. 
blod, sb., O.E. blod, = O.L.G., O.Fris. blod, 

O.N. bl6«, Goth, bloj), O.H.G. bluot, pluot ; 

blood, o. & N. 1127; (>at blod La5. 23973; 

Orm. 1770 ; Rob. 172 ; Sarra ¥at faire blod 

GEN. & EX. 1 192; ))et blod AYENB. 2i8 ; 

blod, blood Ch. C. t. A 635 ; blood WiCL. 
John vi. 54 ; blud Iw. 2071 ; blades swot 
sweat of blood A. R. 360 ; blodes flod Orm. 
15516; blode (dat.) HOM. I. 87;'AYENB. 
107; heo were of on(e) blode ROB. 15 ; comp. 
heorte-blod. 

blod-bend, sb., ligature for stopping bleed- 
ing, A. R. 420 ; Trist. 2208. 

blod-giite, sb., 0.E, blodgyte; bloodshed- 
ding, Laj. 630. 

bldd-hound, sb., bloodhound, Will. 2183 ; 
blodhond, D. Arth. 3640. 

blood-irin, sb., O.H.G. pluotlsam; lancet, 
fleam, PR. P. 40. 

blod-l$B, adj., O.E. blodleas; bloodless, 
Kath. 251. 

bldd-lgs, sb., letting of blood, Trev. VI. 1 1 5. 

blod-ldten, adj., cf O.N. bl6)Slatinn; having 
been bled-, blodletene (men) A. R. 260. 



bldsme* 

bl5d-16tere, sb., bloodletter, VOC 212; 
blodelater 195. 

bldd-ldtunge, sb., blood-letting, A. R« 114; 
blodleting HOM. I. 283. 

bldd-r§ad, adj., O.E. blodread; blood-red: 
of blodrede scarlet Rob. 313. 

blod-riine, sb., O.E. blodryne, = OJ^n's. 
blodrene ; issue of blood, HOM. I. 207. 

blod-Bsedinge, sb., bloodshedding, Rob. 
548. 

blod-strei^m, sb.,=6^^r. blutstrdm; stream 
of blood \ blodstrSmeB {pi.) LA3. 28359.- 

blood-Boukerey sb., bloodsucker, Trev. IV. 

243- 

blod-swetunge, sb., blood-sweating, hom. 
I. 207. 

blod-wite, sb., O.E. blodwTte; fine for 
bloodshedding, * quite de sane espandu,* rel. 

1.33- 

bldd-wr6kere, sb., avenger of blood; blood- 
wreker JOS. xx. 5. 

blod-wiirty sb.,== M.H.G, bluot wurr; blood- 
wort, REL. I. 36 ; blodwerte leechd. 111. 
314- 

blodede, pple., stained with blood, LAy 
26811. 

blode^en, blodeohen, v., O.E. (ge)bldde- 
gian, = O.N. blo^ga ; render bloody ; blddeke 
(subj.) A. R. 418 ; comp. bi-bldd^en. 

blodi, adj., O.E. blodig, = O.L.G. blodag, 
O.N. blo^ugr, O.H.G. pluotag ; bloody, A. R. 
112; SPEC 62 ; AYENB. 46 ; PR. C 5261 ; bi his 
blodie swote HOM. I. 207 ; blodie veldes La]. 
26811. 

bidding, sb., black pudding \ bloodinges 

(pi) TOWNL. 89. 

blok, sb., O.Fr. h\oc,== M.Du. bloc, O.H.G. 
bloch n. (cippus), piloch n. (clausura) ; f block, 
* truncus, codex^ PR. P. 40 ; L. H. R. 141 ; a 
blok {inclosed sp€u:e) as brod as a halle A. P. 
iii. 272 ; blookes {pi.) Gow. I, 314 ; blokkes 
S. &C. II. bcvi. 

bldkien, see blSMen. 

blome, sb., O.N. bl6mi,= O.L.G. blomo, Goth. 
bloma, O.H.G. bluomo; ^^w bio wen; bloom, 
flower, ^flos* PR. P. 40 ; ORM. 10773 ; Hay. 
63 ; H. V. 50; Man. (F.) 4166; PS. cii. 15 ; 
Flor^686; Isum. 176; Townl. 52. 

bldmin, \.,—M.H.G. Women, M.Du. bloe- 
men ; bloom,flower, ^floreo^'^Yi. P. 40 ; blomen 
Orm. 10769 ; blome lud. CoV. 56 ; bldmede 
{pret.) GEN. & EX. 2061 ; blomed L. H. R. 

135. 
blono, see blano. blonden, see blaxiden. 
blonder, see blunder, blonke, see blanke. 
blore, see bladre. bloren, see blftren. 
blose, sb., l^Icel. blossi ; flame, torch, A. P. 

i. 910. 
bl&sme, sb., O.E. bl5sma, bl6stma,==-^.Z.6^., 

M.Du, blosem ; blossom, H. M. 1 1 ; SPEC. 26 ; 



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bldsmi. 



boo. 



79 



Ch. C. t. a 3324 ; PR. P. 41 ; uppe bare blosme 
HOM. II. 317; blosme, blostme Marh. 10; 
blostme a. R. 192 ; o. & N. 437 ; rel. II. 8 ; 
(ms, blosstme) Orm. 1928 ; blosmen (pL) 
A. s. 31 ; blostmen frag. 2 ; a. R. 276 ; blos- 
roan, blostme HOM. I. 5, 109 ; blosme Fl. 
& Bl. 294; blosme, blostme O. & N. 16; 
blostme, blostmes HOM. II. 89, 161 ; blosmes 
SPEC 45 ; Langl. B xvi. 7 ; mid blostmen 
HOM. II. 89 ; wi)> blosmen SPEC. 43. 
bidsmiy adj., blossomy, Ch. p. f. 183. 
bldsmin, v., O.JE'.blostmian; blossom y ^Jloreo^ 
PR. P. 40 ; blosme WiCL. PS. Ixxi. 16 ; bids- 
math \pres.) Ch. C. t. E 1462 ; bldamede 
{fret) Langl. Bs, 140 (Wr. 2751); bldsmed 
KppU) R. R. 108. 
bldstme, see bldsme. 

blot, sb., hlot^ Ch. C. t. / loio; a. p. i. 781 ; 
blottTowNL. 106; see plot, 
blote, adj., / so/f with moisture : your blote 
hides P. L. S. xiii. 154. 
blottin, v., bloiy * oblitero^ PR. P. 41. 
blout, adj., 0,N. blautr, t^O^E. bleat ; soft : 
he maden here backes al so bloute as here 
wombes Ha v. 1910. 

blowe, sb., cf. OJI.G, bliuwan, Goth, bligg- 
van (beat) ; blow, act of striking ; blaw 
TowNL. 195 ; blowes (//.) S. & C. II. be. 
blowen, v., 0,E, blowan, pret, bleow, = O.L,G, 
blojan \pple, gebloid), 0,H,G, pluon {pret, 
pluhita) ; blow, blossom ; blowe o. & N. 1 133 ; 
btowe RKL. 1. 262 ; Rob. 352 ; blowetJ {pres,\ 
HOM. 1. 193 ; a. R. 30 ; bliou [bloude] (pret^ 
La). 2013; blewe Angl. III. 280; bldwe 
(pple) o. & N. 1636 ; comp, ^e-bldwen ; deriv, 
bllde, blome. 
bldwen, see blftwen. 

blubber, sb., mod,Eng, blubber; bubble, 
TEST. Cres. 192 ; blobure PR. P. 40. 
blnbren, v,,=L.Ger. blubbern; bubble up\ 
blubrande (yi^/f.) A. P. ii. 1017; bloberond 
D. Troy 9642 ; J>e borne blubred {pret) 
Gaw. 2174. 

[blfijen, v., 0,E. blygan, = M,H,G. blugen, 
bliugen ; terrify j comp, a-bl&^en.] 
blunder, sb., blunder^ Gaw. 18 ; blundur 
Flor. 1330 ; blunder, blonder Townl. 30, 
98. 

bhmdren, v., blunder \ we blundren [blond- 
ren] Ch. C. t. G 670 ; thou blondirs pi selfen 
D. Arth. 397S ; blondringe (pple,) Trev. 
II. 169. 

blunderer, sb., blunderer, PR. p. 40. 
blunderinge, sb., blundering, PR. P. 40. 
blunt, adj., blunt, ^ hebes,' PR. P. 41 ; a. p. i. 
176 ; blunt & blind Orm. 16954. 
blunten, v., f stagger', he blunt(e) in a bloc 
a. p. iii 272. 

blure, sb., f blister, swelling; grete loppis 
ouere all ^is lande )^ei flye, that with byting 



makis mekill blure York xi. 294 (Townl. 
blowre) ; so mani thus broght i on blure 
{r, w, cure) Townl. 310. 

blusoh, sb., blush, Jos. 657 ; Gaw. 520. 

bliisohen, v., 0,E, blyscan (rutilare) (Mone 
355)> = M,L.G, bloschen [candere, rubere) 
(Schiller I. 363) ; blush, shine forth, cast a 
glance ; blisohis (pres.) Alex. 872 ; blusch- 
ande (pple,) Gaw. 1819 ; blusohed (pret.) 
A. P. i. 979 ; blushit the sun D. Troy 4665 ; 
the king blischit on the berin D. Arth. 116 ; 
blushed red CT. LOVE 1199. 

bliising, sb., from 0,E, blysian (to blaze), ^ 
Swed, blysa (to shine, RiETZ 42) ; blazing : 
the blising of the cole Ber. 561. 

bliisnen, v., = shine ; blusnande, blisnande 
(pple,) A. P. i. i$3, 1404 ; blianed (pret,) i. 
1047. 

blustren, v., rush wildly about ; blustered 
(pret) A. P. ii. 886 ; blustreden Langl. B v. 
521. 

bo, see b§;en. 

boban, -ant, sb., 0,Fr, boban ; pomp ; so 
prout he is and of so great boban Guy 2816 ; 
the bobant of the worlde K. L. 38. 

bobanoe, sb., 0,Fr, bobance ; pomp, ostenta'- 
Hon, p. u S. xii. 45 ; bobance, bobaunce 
Ch. C. t. Z> 569 ; bobaunce P. s. 189 ; Will. 
1071. 

bobbe, sb., bob, bunch, Gaw. 206 ; a bob of 
cheris Townl. 118; bobbis (//.) of grapes 
Haluw. 190. 

bobbe, sb., cf Dan, bobbe, Swed, bobba 
(buprestis) ; some kind of insect : spiders, 
bobbs, and lice Halliw. 190. 

bobbin, v., cf, Swed, bobba (knock against, 
RiETZ 44) ; bob, L. H. R. 179 ; bobbende 
(pple,) 'illudentes* WiCL. 3 ESDR. i. 51 ; 
bobbed (pret,) S. S. (Web.) 2246 ; bobbiden 
REL. II. 45 ; bobbed (pple,) H. V. 126.; 
bobbid Lidg. m. p. 261. 

bobet, sb., slap, box on the ear, ^ colaphus^ 
PR. P. 41 ; see buffet. 

bobetin, v., slap, ^ colaphizo^ PR. P. 41. 

boo, sb., 0,E, boc, pi, bee (cognate with boc, 
a beech-tree), cf, OJV, bok, pi, bcekr, Goth. 
boka (ypafifia), pi, bokos / (^LQXos), 0,Fris. 
bok, //. boka, hok fn,, 0,L,G, hb\i,pl, b5k 
n, f, M,L,G, bok «., 0,H,G, puoh, buoh, 
buoch, //. puoh n,; book, Orm. 599 ; spec. 41 ; 
j)eos boc Laj. ioiio; a. r. 12 ; )>a boc *//- 
brum * Lk. iv. 17 ; one boc A. R. 54 ; ))issere 
boc (earlier text bee) frag, i ; boc, bok 
O. & N. 1325 ; })is boc, bok ayenb. i, 42 ; bok, 
buk PR. C. 51, 336; b§oh, \0,E, bee] (dat,), 
Lk. iii. 4 ; on lives bee Misa 71 ; baech Mk. 
i. 2 ; on }>ere boc HOM. 1. 89 ; leomi bute boc 
learn without book (learn by heart) Misc. 99 ; 
boke Ch. C. t. ^ 190 ; J)at laered was o boke 
Orm. 8932; buke Iw. 1947; beo (nom, ace. 
pi,) frag. 8 ; HOM. I. loi ; baec, boc [bokes] 



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8o 



bdo« 



b06f« 



La5. 53, 7263 ; bdkes Orm. 581 i ; in owre 

bokes {for boken) Kath. 839 ; boken (dat, 

pi) Laj. 6298 ; on boken frag. 6 ; hom. I. 

113 ; lered on . . . boken gen. & ex. 4 ; in 

boke O. & N. 350. 
bok-binder, sb., bookbinder^ D. Troy 

1589. 
boc-fel, sb., 0,E. b6cfell,=a//.t;. puohfel; 

parchment^ Laj. 50 ; Marh. 23. 
boo-htlSy sb., 0,E, bochiis; library \ boc- 

houEie (dat) ayenb. i. 
bdo-ilSred, adj., book-learned^ LA3. 16915; 

bokilered REL. I. 170 ; boklered A. p. ii. 

1551. 
bdc-leden, sb., 0,E. boclaeden ; book Latin^ 

HOM. I. 107. 

bdo-leomed, adj., book- learned \ boke-loraut 

biraus ANT. Arth. Iv. 

bdo-ldre, sb., O.E boc-lar; book-leamingy 

HOM. II. 155. 

boo-rune, sb., letter^ LA5. 4496. 

boo-Bpel, sb., tale in a book, LA5. 17487. 

boo-Bta^ sb., O.E, bocstaef, = aA^. bokstafr, 

0,H,G, buohstab ; letter, Orm. 4308 ; boc- 
staven (pL) Laj. 7637. 
[boo, sb., 0,E. boc, = 0,N. bok, 0,H,G. 
buohba, mod,G. buche, beech,"] 

bdo-mast, sh,y= M.L.G, bokmast; beecA 
mast, Halliw. 67. 

b6c-treow, sb., O.E. boctreow; beech-tree, 
^fagus,^ FRAG. 3. 
bdoare, see bokere. 

bocohen, v., cf. M.Du. butsen, O.Fr. boucher, 
boucier; botch, patch, mend \ bocchin [*jar- 
cirent *] WiCL. 2 paral. xxxiv. 10. 

bochohare, sb., botcher, cobbler, PR. p. 42 ; 

bochoure Barb. Leg. I. 117. 

boce, boohe, sb., O.Fr. boce, boche ; boss ; 

hump, swelling \ botch ; boce or boos of a 

booke * turgiolum* PR. P. 41 ; CM. 8087 ; bos 

Ch. Z.1.A 3266 ; boche botch, ^gibbus * voc. 

224 ; bohche, botche (? bocche) * ulcus ' pr. p. 

42 ; bocche WiCL. lev. xiii. 18 ; LlDG. M. p. 

31 ; booes (//.) WiCL. Is. iii. 18 ; bocches 

Langl. -ffxx. 83. 

bocher, sb., O.Fr. bochier; butcher, P. S. 192; 

Alis. 1885 ; Ch. C. t. A 2025 ; boucher 

Langl. C vii. 379 ; boohiers (//.) Langl. 

B\\. 187 ; bouchers Langl. Ci. 221. 

bocherie, sb., O.Fr. boucherie; butchery, 

AYENB. 64 ; OCTOV. (W.) 733. 

bochi, adj., botchy, ^ gibbosus^ voc 225. 

bocin, v., swell out, project ; make to project ; 
bocyn owte ^turgeo' PR. P. 41 ; men ^at 
booBen hor brestis WiCL. S. w. III. 124; boat 
(pret.) D. Troy 3022 ; beet {pple) 1564. 

bocle, sb., O.Fr. bocle; buckle, 'pluscula; 

PR. p. 41 ; SPEC. 35 ; AYENB. 236. 

boclen, v., Fr. boucier ; buckle, bokelin, PR. 
P. 42 ; bokalinge [bocling] (pple.) Ch. C. t. 



A 2583 ; bucled {pple.) PL. CR. 299 ; bocult 
ANT. Ar. xxix. 20. 

bocler, sb., O.Fr. bocler, bucler; buckler, 
small shield, Ch. C. t. A 112; bokler p. 
20; bookeler WiCL. s. w. III. 265. 

bod, sb., O.E. hod,= O.Fris. bod, O.N. bo^, 
O.H.G. pot n.; from beoden ; message, com- 
mand, offering, invitation, Laj. 8510, 23407 ; 
C. M. 4096 ; fat ilche bod Misa 142 ; bode 
'nuncium' pr. p. 41; hom. IL 213; Orm, 
5255; GEN. & EX. 395; ASS. 104; Will. 
2154; Rich. 3298; Trist. 2082; Am. & 
Amil. 1254; Man. (H.) 22; Ch. p. f. 343; 
Gaw. 1824; J»is bode Sax. chr. 38; scnde 
heast(e) & bode (message) Kath. 48 ; bode 
{dot.) p. L. S. viii. 131 ; a. r. 400, 416; PL.CR. 
716 ; for no bode (offer) of pans GREG. 438 ; 
bode (pi.) HOM. I. 57; II. 209; he wcnde 
J»at he brohte boden swi& gode La^ 27999 5 
comp. bi-, for-, je-, mis-bod. 
bod-word, sh.,^O.N. bo^i^; word of 
command, message, M. H. 44 ; a. p. iL 473 ; 
TowNL. 75 ; bodeword Orm. 7 ; gen. & ex, 
361 ; bodeword *praeceptum ' PS. ii. 6 : Man. 
(F.) 9810. 

bod, see bftd. 

b6de, sb., O.E. hod&,= O.Fris. boda, 0.2LG. 
bodo, O.H.G. poto, boto m.y from beoden ; 
messenger. Rich. 1359; b6den (pi.) 'nuncios' 
Lk. ix. 52; b6den (pi.) Vangeli"] hom. I. 
219. 

bode, see bod« bodekin, see boidekin. 

bodi, see bodi^. 

b6dien, v., 0.E, bodian, = OJ^ris, bodia, 
O.N. bo^a ; bode, announce, proclaim, Lk. i. 
19 ; Kath. 1481 ; he lette ... his cume 
bodien LA5. 23290 ; bodian ))a(n) so^en ilcafen 
HOM. I. 97; b6de8t (pres.) o. & n. 1152; 
bode)> FRAG. 5 ; Gow. I. 153 ; bodied A. R. 
212 ; bddiende (pple.) hom. I. 95 ; bddede 
(pret.) Laj. 27123 ; bodeden, bodedan HOM. 
1- 95> 97 ; comp. )e-b6dien. 
bddunge, sb., O.E. bodung; boding, an- 
nouncement, prediction, HOM. I. 89 ; bodinee 
Rob. 428. 

bodi3, sb., O.E. bodig n.,= OJI.G. boteh, 
potah m.; body, Orm. 1555 ; bodi LA5. 4908 ; 
O. & N.73; GEN. & ex. 4134 ; TREAT. 1 38; 

Perc. 1 166; ))et bodi A. r. 102; ayenb. 
235 ; ))e soule love)> ))e bodi so C L. 1169 ; 
an due , . . )>at hardi bodi was RoB. 183 ; 
bodies (gen.) H. M. 35 ; bodie (dat.) HOil. I. 
209 ; AYENB. 72 ; J>at me hire heavet . . . 
totwemde from*j)e bodie Marh. 19 ; bodies 
(pi.) Kath. 1444. 

bodi^-lioh, sb., body, Orm. 16294. 

bodi-ncli,adj., bodily, ayenb. 72 ; bodiHehe 
(//.)workes2i2; bodili c.M.428; bodiliohe 
(adv.) PL. CR. 619. 

boef, bef, sb., O.Fr. boef, buef, beuf, modJEng^ 
beef; ox, beef, Ch, C. t.D 1753 ; bcof s. A. L. 



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Mj. 



boket. 



8i 



156 ; P. S. 334 ; bcf P. 43 ; beef Alis. 5248 ; 
bouf Will. 1849; biffe PR, p. 28. 
boj, sb., O.E. bog, boh (arm^ bougK)y^O,N, 
bogr {arm^ bow of a ship)y MMu, boech, 
OM.G. buog (arm), Gr, nrjxys, mod.Eng, 
bough, bow (0/ a shipj ; not allied to btL^en, 
but to Sanskr. bahu-s (arm) ; arm^ bought bow 
of a skip; o. & N. 242; AYENB. 17 ; bog 
GEN. & EX. 608; bogh IW. 392; TRIAM. 

410; bouj Brd. 9; bouj orbraunche [^ramus^] 
WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 32 ; bouh p. s. 341 ; j)e 
bouh hwon he adeade6 A. R. 150; bough 
Ch. C. T. y4 1980 ; bou S. S. (Wr.) 610 ; bdje, 
bowe (dot.) o. & N. 15, 125 ; he is under wude 
boje Horn (L.) 1227; bd^es (pL) ayenb. 
17; bojhes Orm. 10002 ; bowes [bojes] A. R. 
30; bowes Will. 23 ; bowes of wOde bores D. 
Arth. i8a; bowis WiCL. Mk. xi. 8; boes 
ANT. Arth. iii ; hughes PR. c. 680 ; bogen 
(dot, pi.) Mat. xiii. 32 ; bo^e, bowe o. & N. 
616. 

bou-llne, sb.,= 0,N, boglina, M,Du. boech- 
jijne; bowline, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bou-spret, sb.,= M.Du, boechspriet; bow- 
sprit, Man. (F.) 12061. 

bdje, sb., O^. boga»=ai^x. boga, aZ.^., 
OJ{,G, bogo, OJV, Dogi ; Jrom bti^en ; bow 
{fir shooting) ; arch ; AYENB. 45 ; boge GEN. 
& EX. 483 ; enne boje, bowe LA3. 1453, 
6471 ; bowe FRAG. 6 ; A. R. 250 ; bowe Rob. 
16 ; Ch. C. T. ^ 108 ; bowe [bouwe] *>r- 
fdcem' WiCL. PROV. xx. 26; seint Marie 
chercheat J>e bowe \^de arcubus*] Trev. VIII. 
153; cffmp. el', rein-y sadel-bd^e; deriv. 
bow3ere. 

bowe-draushty sb., the distance a bow will 
carry \ a bowedraughte Mand, 240; bow- 
dnuicht Barb. vi. 58. 

bdw(e)-inan, sb., bowman, Rob. 378. 

b6we-8oliote, sb., bow-shot ^ Alis. 3491. 
boge, see bul^e. 

b^en, v., / OJE:, bogan (Jactare) ; utter, tell 
of: the minde of the abundaunce of thi swet- 
nesse )>ei shul bowen out \^€ructabunt^] 
Wicl. PS. cxliv. 7. 
boggiachy adj., boastful, ' tumidus^ PR, p. 42. 

bcggiflche-li, adv., boastfully, Uumide,^ PR. 
P. 42 ; bogeisliche Will. 1707. 
b(^en9 v., = MX,G,, M.Du. bogen ; bow, bend, 
turn awc^\ boje (?=bou3e) A. P. i. 196; 
boje fro bis benche Gaw. 344 ; bowin ^fUcto, 
curvo, tnclino* PR. P. 46; bowe S. S. 
(Wr.) 2536; b63ed (pret.) Gaw. 481 ; David 
bowide fro J>e face of Saul [* declinavit David 
a facie Saul'] WiCL. I KINGS xix. 10; bo- 
wcden here hedes ManD. 235 ; summe 
beoQweden speren LA3. 22297 ; iboued 
(ppie,) TREAT. 139 ; comp. a-bo^ien. 
b<55ien, v., O.jC.bogian, = O.Fris. bogia ; dwell \ 
bugian heou (r. hou) longe wult \\x bojie (ms. 
beojie) abiiten ^sere bu]3e LA3. 29233; 



Brennes ber bojede {sec, text abod) 5974; 

heo ))er bojeden J>e wile J>e heo luveden 

7903. 
boglen, v., boggle \ bogeUd {ppu:) Halliw. 

959. 
bo^-sam, adu ^/TbtiliBiiin andM,Du, boogh- 

saem (flexiole) ; obedient, ayenb. 59 ; bousom 

Iw. 1155 ; PR. c. 85 ; boxom M. H. 54. 
bo^Bam^liohe, obediently, ayenb. 70 ; bux- 

umlier {comp,) Will. 723. 
bo^Bamnesse, sb., obedience, ayenb. 33; 

bocsomnesse Rob. 234. 

bo^ty sh,,=Du, bogt, Dan., Swed, bugt; from 

ba^en; betuiing\ bought ToR. 558; of})eose 

boujt was heore croune Alis. 4712 ; see bi^t. 
boated, adj., vaulted : hit watz . . . boated on 

lofte A. P. iii. 449. 
bc^tlingy sb., from buggen ; one ransomed*, 

boghtlinges (//.) c. M. 17262. 
boidekiii, bodekin, sb., bodkin, dagger; 

^subucula, perforatorium^ PR. P. 42 j boide- 

kin Ch. C. t. A 3960. 
\ib\B,sh.,^M,Du, boeve, t M,H,G, buobe {see 

Gr. WB. II. 457) ; boy {ms. boie), HORN (L.) 

1075 ; s. s. (Web.) 960 ; Will. 464 ; Langl. 

A PROL. 77 ; Ch. C. t. i? 1322 ; bSijes {gen.) 

Will. 1705 ; bdies {pi.) Hav. 1899 ; Bek. 

79. 
boilOy v., O.Fr. boillir; boil, Gow. II. 265; 

C. M. 1 1 886; boile, buile ^ scatere' WiCL. 

EXOD. xvi. 20; boillnde {pple,) leg. 164; 

boiland s. S. (Web.) 2460; boilmge WiCL. 

Is. Ivii. 21; boillede {pret.) Marg, 247; 

boilid {pple.) L. c. C. 43. 
boiling, sb., boiling, WiCL. s. W. II. 202 ; 

builing Jonah i. 15. 
boiloiin,sb., O.Fr.boillon; bubble; boiloims 

(//.) S. s. (Web.) 2488. 
boioard, sb., O.Fr. buinard ; simpleton, an. 

LIT. 9 ; DEP. R. ii. 164. 
boiste, sb., O.Fr. boiste {bolte) ; box, ^ pyxis,' 

PR. P. 42 ; Ch. C. t. C 307 ; boiste [host] 

c. M. 14003 ; hoist Iw. 1835 ; Mand. 85 ; 

buist Gow. II. 247; bouste Barb. leg. I, 

124; bustsB, boistes {pi) A. R. 226. 
boistotts, adj., rough, clumsy, boisterous, 

JARB. XIII. 176; Trev. II. 311; Aus. 

5660; Ch. C. t. H2ii\ LiDG. M. p. 91 ; 

boistois AYENB. 103 ; buistous * rudis * WiCL. 

Mat. ix. 16. 
boiatous-liohe, adv., boisterously, Trev. IL 

147 ; boistousli Ch. C. t. Ey^i ; Ber. 134, 

163. 
bok, see boa 
bokeram, sb., OJ*'r. bouqueran ; buckram, p. 

p. II. 171 ; PR. P. 42 ; bougeren ayenb. 258. 
bokere, sb., O.E. hocere,^ Goth, bokareis, 

0,HXx, buochari ; scribe [* scriba '], Mat. viii. 

19 ; booares {pi) La^. 32125. 
bokety sb., Imcket^ ^situla^ PR. P. 42 ; rel. I. 



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8a 



bSkien. 



bond. 



9; Ch. C. t. a 1533; bucket c M. 3306; 

buket QUAIR 70. 
bokien, v., 0*E. bocian ; book\ boke Gow. I. 

3; iboked (ms. ibockcd) A. R. 158; Gow. 

III. 319. 
b61y sb., Gr, ffSikot; Me; boole armoniak 

(astringent earth\ Ch. C. t. G 790. 
b61, sb., O.N. hohy'^M.Du, bol ; tree trunk ; 

bdle (dot.) Gaw. 766; A, P. ii. 623; bdles 

(//.) Halliw. 193. 
b61e-ax9 sb., OJV. bolox ; axe, rel. II. 176 ; 

bulaxe Orm. 9281 ; boleazis (//.) OCTOV. 

(W.) 1039. . 

bul-risohe, sb., bulrush, PR. p. 244. 
bol-werk, sh.,= MJL.G., M.Du, bolwerk; 

bulwark, LiDG. M. P. 237. 
bolace, sb., 0,Fr, beloce; bullace; bolaoes 

(//.) voc. 162 ; Will, 1809. 
b61d, sb., 0.E, bold, -0.^m. bold «. \^0.E. 

botl] ; house^ HOM. I. 253 ; Laj. 7094 ; Kath. 

1664; MISC. 96; Rob. 1x6; rel. II. 217; 

b61de« (//.) Jul. 72 ; leb. Jes. 830 ; Map 

343; bdlde (gen. pL) Laj. 25^82; comp. 

biiri-, burSe-bold. 
boldy bolden, see bealdy.bealden* 
boley see bule. beige, see bulge. 
\>o\^&[^y,,felaie\ bole^etJ, boluwe^, bolhcs 

(pres.) A. R. 214; ^ebol^en (pple,) Mat. 

xxvi. 8. 

bolgit, see biilgit. 
bolky sb., prov.Eng. boak; belching; boUte 

(dot.) Langl. B\. 397. 
bolkiiiy v., }—MJL,G, bolkcn (mugire) ; belch, 

* ructo,* pr; p. 43 ; bolked, balked (Pret.j 

Trev. II. 195; bolkede out [^eructavit^] 

WiCL. wiSD. xix. 10. 
bolkiiige, sb., belching, ^eructatioi PR. P. 

43. 
boUmeiiy v.,»bolkiji; bolkenand (pple^ 

PS. cxliii. 13. 
bolle, sb., 0,E, bolla,«a/>w. boUa, O.N, 

boUi m., M.L.G., M.Du. boUe, O.H.G. polla 
f., mod.Eng. bowl, boll ; globe, boll, bowl, 

cup, voc. 199 ; PR. P. 43 ; Horn (L.) 1123 ; 

Langl. A v. 213 ; Ch. C. t. G 1210; a. p. ii. 

1 145 ; LiDG. M. p. 52 ; ^ne bolle La^. 14994.; 

a bolle with meede Trev. VII. 528 ; J>e bolle 

of ))e popi Halliw. 193 ; bollen [bolles] (pi.) 

La^. 19781 ; treat. 138 ; comp. ohdse-, flaz-» 

Irote-bolle. 
bolle, sb., / O.N bolli ; measure for grain, 

Barb. iii. 211. 
bollen, v., i=Z>f/. bollen; f strike: whicheman 

. . . boiled (pret.) ^ Halliw. 193. 
bollen, v., />rbolnin; bolle|> (pres.)hKiHGi.. 

A\. 99; boUinge (v. r. bolnande) C. M. 

601 1 ; iswoUe and iboUed Trev. I. 299; 

boUid [v. r. bolnid] ['inflaH'] WiCL. i COR. 

V. 2. 
boUen, see under bellen. 



boUere, sb., drunkard Vganeo% Trev. III. 

359 ; boUars (pi.) Townl. 242. 
boiling, sb., f /or hohiing; Langl. ^ viL 304. 
bolnin, y.,=Dan. bolne, OJV. bolgna; swell, 

*tumeo,* PR. p. 43 ; bolne (pres.) Gaw. 512; 

TowNL. 197 ; al mi bodi bolneth Langl. ^ v. 

1 19 ; bolnes Hamp. ps. i. 5* ; bolnand (pple.) 

C. M. 6011 ; bolnede (pret.) Man. (F.) 8204; 

bolned A. P. ii. 363 ; bolned (Pple.) c. M. 

4726 ; York xlvi. 45 ; bolnid Wicl. i Cor. v. 2. 
bolning, sb., swelling, Langl. j^vi. 218; 

C M. 12083; M. H. 130; bolninge * tumor' 

PR. P. 43 ; voc. 224. 
bolster, sb., O.E. bolster, = O.Ni bolstr, 

O.H.G. bolstar; bolster, Mk. iv. 38 ; boktir 

'cula'tra' PR. p. 43; bolstar ^ cerviccd* voc. 

178 ; bolfitre (dat) FRAG. 6; HOM. II. 139; 

R. S. y ; L. H. R. 210. 
bol-Btrau^t, adj., f/or bolt-strau^t ; pro- 

strate, WiLL. 1852. 
bolstren, v., « Ger. bolstem, polstem ; bolster \ 

bolsterid (pple.) Lidg. m. p. 200, 
bolt, sb., O.E. bolt (cross-bow bolt),^O.H.G. 

bolz m., polz (catapult),^ MJ)u. bolt (headed 

arrow) ; bolt (arrow), bolt (of a door), rel.1. 

183 (misc. 128); p. L.S. xix. 54; A.D.291 ; LUD. 

Cov. 136; here bolt is sone ischote S. s. (Web.) 

989 ; upright as a bolt Ch. C. t. A 3264. 
bolt, adv., bolt upright, Pall. i, 967. 
bolten, v., bolt: bolted (pple) with ifen 

Langl. i?,vi. 138. 
bomblen, see bumblen, 
bommen, see bumbin. 
bon, adj., O.Fr. bon ; good, ToR. 2143 ; boon 

Rich. 1540. 

bon, see biuie. bdn, see bftn. 
bonohef, sb., O.Fr. bon (good), chef (head)/ cf, 

meschief ; good luck, happiness, Gaw. 1764; 

boonchief Trev. I. 87. 
bonohen, see bunohen. bond, see band, 
bond&ge, sb., m^d.LcU. bondagium ; bondage, 

Trev. L 389; Man. (H.) 71. 
bonde, sb., O.E. bonda, bunda, « M.L.G. 

bunde, O.N. bdndi ^ buandi ; husbandman,ser* 

vant, * servusi PR. P. 43 ; Misa TJ ; p. s. 150 ; 

MiRC 1520; Ch. C. t. D 1660; H. y.lT\ an 

oht bonde Laj. 15291 ; bounde s. s. (Web.) 

q82 ; Ar. & Mer. 691 ; bonde {pi) Misc 89 ; 

barouns, burgeis & bonde Will. 2128 ; comp^ 

htiB-bonde. 

bonde-hede, sb., servitude, c. M. 5404. 
bonde-man, sb., bondman, *(servus) na- 

tivus; voc, 182; o. & N. 1577; Hav. 32; 

Bek. 552; Langl. B\. 194 (W. 2859); 

bondemen * servi' Trev. I. 246. 
bond-Bohepe, sb., condition of a bondman, 

PR. p. 43. 
bond-womman, sb., bondwoman^ Trev. IL 

97. 
bone, j^^ bane, bdne, j^bftn, . 



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bone* 



boi^ien. 



83 



bonOf sb^ OJ^. bon ; boon, request^ prayer, 
HOM. I. 37; A. R. 234; Kath. 611 ; Orm. 

7606; HaV. 1659; AN. UT. 11; BRD. 30; 

Will. 1095; s. s. (Wr.) 546; Gaw. 327; 
Tor. 1578 ; av. Arth. xiii ; bidden beos bone 
Jul. 30 ; bone, boone Ch. C. t. A 2209 ; boone 
£gl. ioi; bone {dot,) La). 14912; bone 
[nom, pL) AUD. 72 ; bonen {dot, pi) A. R. 
142 ; Misa 63. 

bonen, v., pray ; b6ne {pres) Orm. 5223 ; 
boned (ppU.) 694. 

boner, adj., O.Fr, bonnaire ; gentle^ courteous : 
so boner and bewed A. P. ii. 733 ; with wordes 
bonere Alis. 6732 ; sche is meke and boneire 
B.DISC 1727; to bonoiir with hem )>at )k>u ne 
be B. B. 41 ; be ]k>u bonaire Trist. 2731. 

bonaire-liohe, adv., courteously, ayenb. 
bonerli 265 ; [debonerli] C. M. 23872, 

bonemesae, sb., gentleness, Wicx. I CoR. 
iv. 21; s. w. 1 1. 357. 

bonertd, sb., gentleness : he calde me to his 
bonerte A. p. i. 761 ; of so moche bonerite 
H. s. 1927. 

bonet, sb., OJFr, bonet ; bonnet {of a sail), 
^artemoi PR. P. 43 ; VOC. 268 ; DEP. R. iv. 72. 

boni, sb., 0,Fr, bugne, cf, mocLE, bunion; 

swelling; * tumor,* PR. P. 43. 
boni, adj., bonny : bonie londes Alis. 3903. 
b(mk, see bajik. bonnien, see bannen. 
bdr, sb., O.E. hor,=M,L.G., O.N. bor ; gimlet 

(ms, bore), TOWNL. 219. 
bor, see bar. bor, see b&r. 
borace, sb., Ital, borace; borax; boras Ch. 

C. T. A 630. 

borage, sb., O^r. borrage ; borage, PR. p. 44; 
REL. I. 51 ; burage * borago* rel. I. 37. 

bord, sb., O.E. bord n, (board, border, shield), 
cf. O.L,G^ O.Fris. bord m, (board, border, 
shield), Gotk. baurd «. (board), OJV, bortS n, 
(board,border,skield), O.H.G, bort m. (border) ; 
board, table, shield, border, ship's side : Hav. 
1723 ; Bek. 691 ; Alis. 1270 ; Wicl. exod. 
XXV. 27 ; heo letten to somne saeiles gliden, 
bord wi^ borden (r. borde) Laj. 20935 ; J)is 
wes jat ilke bord J>at Bruttes of jelpe^ 22953; 
fat hal^he bord Orm. 1096 ; ))et bord ayenb. 
ifyj ; as stif as eni bord P. L. s. xvii. 334 ; the 
tbcef fel over bord Ch. C. t. ^^922 ; for bord 
nc ck)J>ing 6^1017; burd Amad. (R.) bcvi; 
^><*w*«» (g^*) Bek. 1 186 ; borde (dat.) hom. 
1. 105 ; A. R. 142, 324 ; o. & N. 479 ; Gaw. 
4^1 ; heo seten to borde Laj. 14950; at godes 
borde ayenb. 235 ; breken be schipes bord 
[hordes] (pi.) Jul. 78, 79; hordes (sec, text 
sceldes) J>er scaenden LaJ. 5186 ; borden (dat, 
ph) Laj. 22778; comp, mete-, aid-, ater-bord. 

bcHTd-oldS, sb., tablecloth ornamented, rel. 
1. 129 ; bordcloth E. W. loi. 

bord-kni^ sb., table-krUfe^ VOC 253 ; boorde- 
tnife PR. p. 44. 

G 



bord-fdlftwe, sb., companion ; bordHslauia 

(pL) Wicl. judg. xiv. 11. 
bord-15a8» adj., without a table : sitte as a 

b^gar bordlas on ground Langl. Cxv. 141. 
bnrd-w6gh, sb., wall made of boards, 

* tabellatum,^ voc. 237. 
borde, sb.^ M.L,G. borde, OJV. bor^i (carpet), 

O.I/,G, borto ; f border; on brode silkin borde 

Gaw. 610. 
bordel, sb., Fr, bordel ; brothel, prostitution, 

p. L. s. xxi. 92 ; Wicl. lev. xix. 29 ; bordela 

(plj) Ch. C. t. 7885. 
bordel-htia, sb., brothel; bordelhous Wicl. 

£z. xvi. 24, 39. 
bordeler, sb., 0,Fr, bordelier ; keeper of a 

brothel, Gow. III. 322. 
bordure, sb., Fr, bordure ; border, PR. P. 44 ; 

Ch. Boet. i. I (6) ; bordoure D. Arth. 4211 ; 

bowerdura (pL) D. Troy 12861. 
borduren, v., border; bordured (pple) 

Mand. 217. 
b6re, sb., 0,N, bora; bore, perforation, *fora'- 

men^ PR. P. 44 ; M. H. 57 ; Trist. 2539. 
borel, see bureL 
b6rin, v., 0,E. hon3n,^M.Du. boren, 0,M. 

bora, 0,H,G, boron; bore, perforate, PR. P. 44; 

bdre (pres,) frag. 4 ; (heo) boriej> 6 ; bdrien 

(subj,) Kath. 1949 ; bdriinde (pple,) ayenb. 

66 ; bdred (pret pple*) L. H. R. 203 ; ibored 

Trev. IV. 397 ; comp, ]>urh-b6ren. 
bor5, sb., O.E, borg, borh, = M,H,G, bore ; 
from berjen ; pledge, caution-money, money 

borrowed: )k)13 bor^ and ^emer jefd Shor. 

113 ; buten be eorl Adionard . . . walde heore 

borh beon Laj. 11913 ; jelde^ hire 5arew(e) 

borh Jul. 72; borgh, boruj, boru (ms. 

borw) Langl. A iv. 76 ; borgh (ms, borghe) 

TowNL. 231 ; borugh Rich. 3259 ; borwe, 

borowe * vas ' PR. P. 45 ; borwe (dat,) Langu 

Bxiv, 190; i dar take god to borwe Gow. 

II. 34 ; ech of hem had leid his fai]> to borwe 

Ch. C. t. a 1622 ; boregea (pi,) hom. II. 17 ; 

borwes Langl. A I 7$; Am. & Amil. 899 ; 

borewes Bek. 585 ; borewis *vades* WiCL. 

PROV. xxii. 26 ; comp, in-bor3. 
borghe-gage, sb,, pledge, H. S. 9576. 
borghe-gang, sb., suretyship, H. s. 9582. 
boru-hed, sb., suretyship;. J)e boruheed of 

Crist Wicl. s. w. III. 10. 
borwe-aohepe, sb., suretyship, PJi. P^ 44*. 
borj, see bur^. 

borgeis, borgesie, see btirgeia,.burg6aie. 
bor^ien, v., O.E, borgian,= O.Fris, borgia, 

0,H,G. borgen, OJ^, borg2L,mod,Eng. borrow ; 

receive on pledge, borrow j be surety for, ran- 
som, save, preserve : to bor^e (save) him fram 

(h)arme LA3- 21268*; borwe Alis. 1243 ;. Ch. 

C. T. ^ 105 ; wolde borwe monei of him Trev. 

VII. 41 3 ; toborewen us alle he wes ibore spec. 

25 ; us alle from bale to borowe MiR. PL. 149 ; 



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84 



bor^ien. 



botnen. 



bor5e]> {pres) ayenb. 36; borwe {subj,) 
Langl. B iv. 109 ; ))et ever ich . . . boruwe et 
tisse vrakele worlde so lutel so heo ever mei 
A. R. 204 ; borwede (pret,) Rob. 393 ; bor- 
wede, borwed Langl. B vi. loi ; borwed 
Will. 1705 ; borwid (pple.) Hocx:l. i. 369 ; 
iborwed c. L. 822, 

borware, sb., borrower^ surety^ ' mutuator^ 
sponsor^ PR. P. 44. 

boiling, sb., borrowing : if ye 5yuen bor- 
wynge to hem WiCL. LK. vi. 34 ; he that 
taketh borewing, servant is of the usurer WiCL. 
PROV. xxii. 7 ; borwynge * mutuatio * PR. K 44 ; 
borewinge Angl. IV. 198. 

borlioh, see burlioh. bome, see bume* 

bora, borw, see borj and}oi\xt^ 

borwage, sb., from bor^ ; suretyships PR. P. 
44. 

borwien, see bor^ien. 

bOB, sb.,=Z.G^. bos (Schutze), 0.N, bass, 
Goth, bansts; boose^ cow-stall \ bose ^ bostar^ 
voc. 235 ; boos * bostar, bucetum ' PR. P. 41, 

bosardy see busard, boschy see busoh. 

bosem, sb., O.E, bosm, bosum, = 0,L,G. bosom, 
0,H,G, buosum, buosem ; bosom, Orm. 19391 ; 
M. H. 125; bosum A. R. 146; gen. & EX. 
2809 ; A. P. iii. 107 ; bosom Ch. C. t. D 1993 ; 
bosme {dot.) hom. 1. 53 ; ayenb. 163 ; bosme 
[bosome] La^. 14984; he ne was boren of 
wifes bosme hom. II. 133 ; boseme a. r. 146 ; 
in Abrahames boseme sitte leb. JES. 163 ; in 
his boseme he bar a thing Langl. j^xvi. 254; 
bosmes (//.) Laj. 7849. 

bosine, sb., 0,Fr, bosine, busine, JLat, bucina ; 
trumpet, ayenb. 137. 

bOBkagOy sb., OJ^r. boscage ; boscage, I w. 167 1. 

bosken, see busken. bosse, see booe. 

best, sb., boast, glory, noise, ROB. 209 ; AYENB. 
71; Will. 1141; Alis. 4069; spec. 94; 
host, boost Langl. BmW. 247 (Wr. 9397). 
bost-ftil, adj., boastful, WiCL. s. w. I. 2 ; 
Flor. 270. 

beaten, v., boast, Langl. B\\, 80 ; boste Iw. 
70 ; boste & blowe TRANS. XVIII. 25 ; boe- 
tej> {pres,) Ch. C. t. D 1672. 
bostere, sb., boaster, Trey. IV. 295 ; boster 
DEP. R. ii. 80. 
bostingey sh., boasting, Shor. 112. 

bOBti, 2Ldy, boastful, treat. 138. 

bdsum, see bosem. 

bet, see bUten. bet, see b&t. 

bote, see btiten. 

bote, sb., O.E. b6t,= 0,N. bot, 0,Fris, bote, 
0,L,G,, Goth, bota {^€\oi), 0,H,G, puoza, 
mod,E, boot, in phrase ' to boot ; ' repair, 
remedy, redress ; buoza FRAG. 6 ; LA3. 21926 ; 
o.''& N. 688; Hav. 1200; Rob. 448; Rich. 
3086 ; ANT. Arth. xvi ; aftir bale comeb bote 
Fl. & Bl. 821 ; J)at is bote of alle bale Amad. 
(R.) xvii ; vorjfivc^ ham hore gultcs hwon heo 



ham iknowe^ and bihote* bote A. R. 430; do 

bote Will. 1378 ; bote )k)u do me bote s. a. l. 

155 ; 3eoven bale i bote stude h. m. 33; gan 

to bote hom. I. 15 ; til ure sawle bote Orm. 

2692; to joure bote Shor. 159; bote, bootc 

Ch. C. t. a 424 ; to bote [boote], to boot, in 

addition, Langl. Bidv. 268 ; bute MiN. L 4; 

boten (pL). A. R. 120 ; comp, brigge-, dfid-, 

flim-bote. 
bot-dai, sh.= Ger. busztag; day of atone' 

ment, HOM. II. 69. 
bot-les, adj., 0,E, botleas ; bootless, WILL. 

134 ; a botles bale Langl. Cxxi. 208. 
bote, sb., 0,Fr, bote ; boot, * ocrea^ voc 197 ; 

PR. P. 45 ; botes (//.) Horn (H.) 522 ; p. s. 

330; Mand. 250; bootes Trev. I. 353; Ch. 

C. T. A 273. 
bote-leed, adj., without boots, Langl. B 

xyiii.ii* 
botel, sb-, 0,E. botl n, f=OX.G. bodal «.; 

house ; botle {dot*) Mat. xxvi. 3 ; bottle Orm. 

2788 ; cf bdlcL 
botel, sb., f O.Fr. bottel ; bottle {of hay), 

bundle : a hotel hei Ch. C. t. H 14. 
botel, sb., O.Fr. bouteille ; bottle, PR* p. 45 ; 

botelle LUD. Cov. 138. 
boteler, sb., O.Fr. bbuteillier; butler, RoB. 

187; WiCL. GEN. xL i; Ch. C, t. -^4324; 

buteler gen. & ex. 2092. 
botelerie, sb., OJ^r. bouteiUerie ; mne-cellar^ 

Rob. 191. 

botem, see boj'em. 
botemai. sb., bitumen, Alis. 6190 ; botemeis 

(pi.) 4763. 
boten, see btiten. 
bdten, v., mod.Eng. boot in phrase * it boots 

not;* cf. beten, from bote; mcUu better \ 

bote Am. & Amil. 2340 ; it boted {pret.) not 

k: L. 66; he was botid {pple.) of mekile 

care £gl. 188. 
boteras, sb., buttress, ^fultura,' PR. p. 45 ; 

boteraces {pi.) WiCL. Ez. xli. 15. 
boterase, v., furnish with a buttress ; 

boterased {pple.) Langl. B v. 598. 
botere, see butere. 

boterel, sb., O.Fr. boterel; tocui, ayenb. 187. 
boterie, sb., cUe-cellar, pantry, buttery, * at- 

larium^ PR. P. 45 ; botrie ^promptuarfum ' 

VOC. 178 ; boteri E. G. 98. 
botew, sb., sort of boot, ^ cotumus, botuta^ 

PR. p. 45 ; botwez (//.) E. G. 332. 
bot-forke, sb.,. tfor batte-forke; f forked 

stick, SPEC 1 10. 
botnen, v., make or become better, amend, 

repair-, botnetS {pres.) Kath. 2523; bot- 

nede {pret.) chr. E. 768; botnede ek of 

uvel(e) P. L. S. xii. 151 ; bdtned {pple.) WILL. 

1055 ; botened, bootned Langl. ^ vi. 194. 
botnere, sb., healer : heil botenere of everic 

bodi blindc Wart. II. 109, . 



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Botolf. 



br&. 



85 



bdtninge, sb., cmtendmeniy Shor. 96. 
Botolf, pr. n., Boioif: BotoICi to(u)n, Boston, 

AN. UT. 4. 
boton; sb., O.Fr. boton ; button, voc. 238 ; 

botoun AYENB. 86 ; botouns (pi.) P. s. 239 ; 

botones Langl. ^xv. 121 ; see bothom, 
botonin, v., Fr. boutonner ; button, PR. P. 46. 
botor, see bltor. 
botraille, sb. ? paterfamulias . . . shulde sette 

botiaille atH'eine derk and lighte LiDG. M. P. 

170. 

botte, see batte. botum, see bo}>em. 
boKsb., aA?:bo¥,bu«=il/./?«.boede, J/.Z.6^. 

bode, MM,G. buode; booth, PR. P. 46 ; Orm. 

15817; AYENB. 215; P. 45; Gow. III. 281; 

A. p. iii. 441 ; b6J?eB {pi.) Alis, 3457« 
boSe, see b&t$e. 
bo|7el, sb., f chrysanthemum; bo})ul, bothil 

^ vaccinia^ PR. P. 46. 
bo)jem,sb.,a£^.botm,= OJL.(7.bodom, 0,H,G, 

podam, bodem, OJ^. botn ; bottom, voc. 159 ; 

Jo§. IS ; Gaw. 2145 ; A- P. iii. 144 ; bo)>um 

s. s. (Wr.) 809; botum, botim ^fundus, 

glomus' PR. P. 45; botme (dot.) AYENB. 

140; Gow. 1. 108 ; Ch. C.t. C1321 ; Mand. 

52; Parten. 4480. 

bo)>em-lez, sid}.,=M.H.G, bodemlds; bot- 
tomless, A. p. ii. 1022. 

bothom, sb. (fform of boton); bud\ the 

bothom bright of hewe R. R. 2959 ; the bothom 

Caire and swote 3008 ; botheum 1719. 

bothon, sb., O.E. bo^n; chrysanthemum, 

LEECHD. III. 315. 

bou, su b63. 

boQohe, sb., Fr, bouche ; allowance of victual 

granted by king or noble to his household, 

etc., Degr. 998. 

boode, see bude. 

boael, sb., O.Fr. bouel, buele; bowel, A. P. iii. 

293; bouelle *viscus * voc. 247 ; bouele Gow. 

11. 265 ; boueles (pi.) P. s. 221. 

boaelen,bowaileii, v.,disembowel, 'eviscero,' 

PR. P. 46; bowdd (pret.) Man. (H.) 329. 

bouj, see b63, 

bongo, see bulge, boti^en, see bu^en. 

boTigerie, sb., heresy; bugerie Man. (H.) 320. 

bongette, sb., budget; bowjettee (//.) 

Trev. VII. 385. 

bongouiiB, sb. pi., an instrument of music : 
simbales and sonetes sware })e noise, and 
bougouns busch batered so J)ikke A. P. ii. 
1416. 

Bongre, pr. n., O.Fr. Bougre (Bulgarian) ; 
heretic, AYENB. 19. 

boujt, see bojt. bduh, see bd3. 

bonk, see btio. 

bonked, pple., having a protuberance, Aus. 
6265. 



bonkeiiy v,,^MJ)u. buiken, M.H.G. buchen; 

buck (i.e. steep in lye), Langl. ^xiv. 19 ; 

bouke (imper^ rel. I. 108. 
botile, sb., Fr. boule; bowl : round as a boule 

GuiL.' (N. E. D.) ; plei withe bowlis PR. P. 46. 
boundey see bonde. 
boundey sb., O.Fr. bodne, bonde, bonne, 

mod.Eng. bound; boundary, Gow. III. 92; 

boiindes (pi.) ayenb. 206 ; Ch. C. t. £"46; 

bandus AV. Arth. iii ; bunnen (dot. pi.) 

Laj. 1313. 
bounden, v., O.Fr^ bonder, bonner ; bound, 

set bounds to ; bounded (pple.) Gow. I. 218. 
boiineny v., from bun ; prepare, Jos. 414 ; 

boune D. Troy 827 ; boime (pres. subj.) m. 

Arth. 3257. 
boiinsen, see bunsen. 
bounte, sb., O.Fr. bont^ ; bounty, goodness, 

c L. 1214 ; SPEC 28 ; Ch. C. t. B 1664 ; c. m. 

9531 ; bunte Misc. 36. 

boimteyous, ^<^., from O.Fr, bontif; boun- 
teous, Ch. Tro. i. 883. 
bour, see bflr. 
bourde, sb., O.Fr. bourde; jest, Ch. C. T. 

//81 ; Gaw. 1409 ; })e bourdes (pi.) and )« 

trufles AYENB. 58. 
l>ourde-fUI, ^dy, full of jesting, WiCL. WISD. 

i. II (margin) ; bourdfull D. TROY 3952. 

bourdful-li, adv., REL. II. 45. 
bourdon, v., O.Fr. bourder; jest; bourde 

(pres.) Ch. C. T. CyjZ; bourdinge (pple.) 

Langl. J9xv. 40; bourded (pret,) Gaw. 

1217 ; bourdedest ayenb. 20. 
bourding, sh., jesting, Gaw. 1404. 
bourdes, sb., O.Fr. behordeis; tournament, 

H. S. 4662 ; bourdys or tournamentys Will. 

1477. 
bourdisey v., jousi; burdised (pret.) S. s. 

(Web.) 740- 
bourdouTy sb., O.Fr. bourdeor ; joker, Man. 

(H.)204. 
boufl, sb., f drink, f drinking- cup, SPEC. ill. 
bouten, see buten. bouwen, see bu^en. 
bove, see biuven. bowe, see bo^e. 
bdwen, see bd;en. bowien, see bo^ien. 
bow^ere, sh.,from bo^e ; bow maker; archer, 

^arcuarius, architenens,^ PR. P. 46; bowere 

voc 195 ; bowlares (pi.) Rob. 541. 
box, sb., O.E. ho\,= O.H.G. huhs^, from Gr. 

iru^ff; box, HOM. II. 145; Rob- 45^; Ch. C. 

T. A 4390* 
box, sb., O.E. box, from Lat. buxus, Gr. 

ifv^os; box(-tree), voc 163. 
box-tre, sb., O.E. boxtreow ; box tree, voc 

228 ; Ch. C. t. A 1302. 
box, sb., box (on the ear); ^alapa,' PR. P. 46; 

Ch. l. g. w. 1388 ; d. Arth. iiii. 
bra, sb., O.N. bra, = (?.£'. breaw; see br$u; 
I brae, river-bank; under ane bra thair galai 



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86 



brao. 



brain. 



drench Barb. iv. 372 ; bra ^ripa ' Cath. 39 ; 

WiNT. VIII. xxvi. 74; bro Man. (H.) 310. 
brao, sb., 0,E. (ge)braec,=iV.Z..c;., a^V-brak, 

O.H,G, (ge)breh; loud noise; (ms. brace) 

Orm. 1 1 78. 
brdce. sb., Fr. bras, Jrom La/, brac(c)hium ; 

arm {of the sea\ Mand. 15, 21, 126. 
br&oe, sb., O.Fr. brace, brache, brase, Jrom 

Lat, brac(c)hia (pL) ; armour for the arms; 

claspy clamps hook; pair, couple ; wel bomist 
* brace upon his bo|)e armes Gaw. 582 ; paire 

brase LiDG. Troy iii. 22 ; * uncus^ PR. P. 46 ; 

brase {pair) LiDG. Troy i. 6. 
brdoen, v., 0,Fr, bracier ; embrace, brace : in 

armes for to brace Halliw. 203; brace 

(imper,) it in irine D. Arth. 1182; ibraoed 

ipple,) Jos. 265. 
bracer, sb., O.Fr, brasseure ; bracer, Ch. C. 

T. Aiii\ brasere VOC. 263 ; brasers {pi,) 

D. Arth. 1859. 
braohe, sb., cf 0,Fr. brachet, M,H,G, bracke ; 

brach (hound) ; braohes (//.) Gaw. 1142; 

REL. I. 151. 
brad, sb., ? = 0,H,G, prat, prart {ora) ; brcui, 

nail, * aculeus^ VOC 234 ; see brerd o/f^brod. 
brad, adj., 0,E, brad,=az.a, 0,Fris, bred, 

Goth, braids, 0,N, brei^r, 0,H,G, breit ; broad, 

Orm. 3431; s. s. (Web.) 2784; Iw. 163; 

Perc 269 ; AV. Arth. iii ; brad [brod] Laj. 

7635; brad 1320 {miswritten braed 142 19); 

brod A- R. 102; Hav. 1647; Tor. 1252; 

brood Ch. C. T. u4 155 ; ik'tt^A^ abroad-, J)at 

blod stod al a brod ROB. 261 ; her winges 

bobe a brod she spradde Gow. II. 105 ; and 

held hir lappe a brod [brood] Ch. C. t. 

F^\ ; a brood Langl. (Wr.) 9031 ; Mand. 

45; j^e brode [brade] stret(e) P. L. s. viii. 

172; br&de {dat, n,) La^. 4541; brftdne 

{ace, m,) Laj. 5087 ; br&de (//.) LA5. 4212 ; 

br&den {dat, pi.) Laj. 30272 ; brKdder 

(compar,) Rob. 43 ; bradder, broddere ^latior* 

WiCL. Amos vi. 2; brdde {adv,) Will. 

754 ; Ch. C. t. A 739. 
brdd-arwe, sb., brocul arrow, ^ catapulta,^ 

PR. P. 53- 
brood-axe, sb., 0,E. bradaex, = 0,N, brei^ox ; 

brocui-axe, * dolabra^ PR. P. 53 ; brodax voc. 

234. 

brftd-eged, adj., broad-eyed. Sax. chr. 256. 
br&de, see brdde. 
br&dien, v., 0,E, bradian ; /r^w br&d; cf, 

brddan; widen, enlarge-, brddes {pres,) 

Alis.' (Sk.) 122 ; bradid {pret,) dep. R. ii. 

141 ; Hamp. PS. cxviii. 32; ibroded {pple) 

O. & N. 1312. 
brsede, sb., 0,E, brsedu, = 0,Fris, brede, Goth, 

braidei, 0,H,G, breiti ; from brftd ; breadth : 

a braede [in brede] LA3. 21995 J brede PR. P. 

49; o. & N. 174; Rob. 353; ayenb. 105; 

Gow. II. 388 ; Mand. 117 ; Ch. C. t. A 1970 ; 

WiCL. GEN. vi. 15; ANT. Arth. xlv ; al 



aboute on brede ))ei spredde Rich. 4434 ; ^ 

knight ligges )>er on brede Perc 797 ; in 

breede and leng))e Lidg. m. p. 98; breade 

A. R. 102 ; Misa 145. 
brffiden, v., 0,E, braedan, = Goth, braidjan, 

0,L.G. bredean, O.N. brei^a, O.II.G. breiten; 
from br&d; broaden, expand; breden Laj. 

14283 ; bredin PR. P. 49 ; brede A. P. i. 813 ; 

Pall. xi. loi ; blosmes bredeb {expand) 

(pres,) SPEC 45 ; br&dde {pret.) JOS. 642 ; 

Gaw. 1928 ; hordes heo brddden (//.) 

LA3. 18523 ; comp, a-brj&den. 
brsldling, adv., brocuiwise; he wile smite 

mid bredlinge swuerde HOM. II. 61. 
brag, sb., brag, P. L. s. xxix. 92 ; Degr. 231 ; 

brag and boost Trev. V. 109. 
brag, adj., bragging, boastful, proud, valiant : 

\2X make)) us so brag and bolde spec 24; 

wordes bragge Shor. iio; hi schulde nou^t 

beren hem so bragg(e) PL. CR. 706 ; braggest 

{superL) Will. 3048. 
braganoe, sb., boasting-, with boste and 

bragance Townl. 99. 
braggen, v., mod.Eng. brag; boast, sound 

loudly -, he boste)> and brage]^ {pres,) Langl. 

B xiii. 281 ; whanne \t voice of |)e trompc 

... in joure eeris braggij) WiCL. Josh. vi. 5 j 

braggede {pret.) D. Arth. 3657. 
braggere, sb., bragger, Langl. ^vi. 156. 
bragot, braget, braket, sb., Welsh bragawd, 

=/r. bracat {malt liquor) ; bragget {a liquor 

made of ale and fnead fermented together), 

PR. P. 46 ; bragot, braket Ch. C. t. A 3261 

(Wr. bragat) ; braget Trev. I. 399. 
brai, sb., O.Fr, brait; bray, Alis. 2175. 
braid, sb., 0,E. braegd, bregd,=0.iV. brag^ 

n. ; from breiden ; throw, twisfj stratagem ; 

Gow. II. 21 ; Ch. l. g. w. 1164 ; Tor. 1611 ; 

he abod moni a bitter braid trans. XVIII. 

24 ; scho braid hit a doun at on braid S. S. 

(Wr.) 483 ; bat was a J)eves braid Man. (H.) 

164 ; breid ROB. 22 ; rel. I. 224 ; he went 

to j)e uscher in a breide Cl. 448 ; habben 

bares heorte and remes brede Laj. 30392; 

braides Ipom. 1834; ivele breides rel. I. 

218 (misc 14) ; comp. up-breid. 
braiin, v., O Fr. braire ; bray, neigh, resound 

harshly, * barrio^ PR. P. 47 ; braie Man. (F.) 

3488; braie)> {pres^ Gow. I. 144; braien 

Gaw. 1 163; braiinde {pple) ayenb. 73. 
braiin, v., O.Fr. breier, broier; bray {in a 

mortar), ^pinso, tero^ PR. P. 47; braiid 

{pple.) WiCL. I KINGS xxv. 18. 
brail, sb., O.Fr. braiel ; brail; brailes (//.) 

GuiL.* {in N. E. D.). 
brain, z^]., furious, Gaw. 286. 
brain [brazen], sb., 0,E, braegen, braegn,= 

M.L.G.hTQ%cn, bragen, O.Fris.hr^mn,; brain, 

Laj. 1468; brain treat. 138; brein Fer. 

1901 ; Beves 1558; braines {pi.) Jos, 

501, 



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i>raiii. 



braun. 



87 



brain-l^ adj., brainUsSy PR. P. 47 ; N. p. 9. 
brain-panne, sb., » J/.Z.6^. bregenpanne; 

brainpan^ skuUy Mand. 234. 
brain-i^od, adj., * bratn'tnad^ insane, Will. 

2096 ; Langl. ^ X. 61 ; Gaw. 1461. 
brailiid, sb., honfing a brain^ PR. P. 47. 
brainin, v., brain, * excerebro, PR. p. 47; 

braine^ {pres) WiCL. Is, Ixvi. 3. 
brake, see braken. 
br4ke» sb., cf, MJL,G, brake, M,Du. braeke, 

Stved. biAka ; flax-brake, baker's brake, ^rupa, 

vibra,' VOC. 217, 276. 
br^e, sb., fO.Fr. brae (accus. ^bras) ; lever, 

Winch : gunnes & bo^es of brake Fer. 3263. 
braken, sb., cf, Swed, braken ; brake^ bracken^ 

A. p. iL 1675 ; brakin ^felix^ Voc. 191 ; brake 

^feugere* voc. 156; ^fllix^ [sic] PR. P. 47; 

LEECUD. III. 315 ; LUD. COV. 22. 

brakin, v., =il/./>ir. braeken, MJ.,G. braken ; 

vomit, * vomo,* PR. P. 47 ; as an hounde that 

et gras so gan ich to brake Langl. Cvii. 431 ; 

brttes (pres.) A. P. iii. 340. 
braUen, y.,=Ger,, Du. brallen, Dan. bralle, 

tmod.Eng. brawl; cry out ; bralle Townl. 91. 

brime, sb., cf. Mdht, braeme, 0,H.G, brama, 
prama; bramble, *tribulus, vepres} VOC. 192. 

bran, see bren. 

branche, sb., 0,Fr, branche ; branch, * ramus J 
PR. P. 48 ; braunche leb. Jes. 596 ; branches 
(//.) Rob, 152 ; bronches ayenb. 9. 

branched, adj., branched', braunched Will. 
754. 

branchen, v., Fr. brancher; put forth 
branches; ramify; branch out \ brauncheth 
(/r«.) WiCL, ecclus. xxxix. 19; braunchis 
D. Troy 8750; braunching (pple.) trees 
Wicl. Jer. xvii. 2. 

brancher, sb., OJ^r, *brancber, /V.branchier ; 
young hawk, M. ARTH. 190. 

branchi, adj., bearing branches; braunchi 
WiCX. 4 KINGS xviL 10. 

brand, sb., O.E. brand, brond,= O.i^w.brand, 
OJ^, brandr, OJI.G, brant, mod,Eng, brand ; 
/r(?wbrinnen; {i) sword; (2) burning wood, 
firebrand; c. M. 2873, Z^7^\ Iw. 1933; AV. 
Arth. xiv ; Townl. 71 ; ^ne brand [brond] 
Laj. 7544; his brond he up ahaef 7527 ; brond 
HOM. I. 81 ; Kath. 2395 ; Misc. 154 ; Will. 
1244 ; nou tak bou })e brond Fer. 2238 ; |>e 
Sarsin Jeanne aarou (h)is brond 580 ; bei . . . 
sette . . . wilde bround an on in king Danes 
londAus. 1855; brandes (//.) Perc. 774; 
brondes A. R. 368 ; ayenb. 205 ; Ch. C. t. A 
2338; comp, fur-brand. 
brond-ir(e), sb., O.E. brandisen ; gridiron, 
* tripus,' voc. 178. 

brMid-ri|>e, sb., OJ/. brandrei^, c/. O.E. 
brandreda, AfJL.G. brandrede, O.H.G. brand- 
reita; tbrandreth; gricUron, ^tripus^ VOC 
232. 



branden, v.,=^.Z>j/. branden; brand; bron- 

din ^cauteriso,* PR, P. 53; brondit (pple.) 

APOL. 103. 
brandishen, v., O.Fr. brandiss-; brandish; 

braundishen WiCL. Job xxxix. 23 ; brandia- 

Bende {pple.) Will. 2322. 
branken, y.,l—M.H.G. brangen, prangen; 

prance : brankand (pple.) stedez D. Arth. 

1861. 

brant, adj., O.E. brant, « a A^. brattr; steep, 

Alex. 3649. 
bras, sb., O.E. braes; brass, ^aes' pr. p. 47; 

gen. & EX. 467; treat. 136; brass Orm. 

1 741 7 ; breas, bres Jul. 30, 31 ; bres FRAG, 

4 ; A. R. 216 ; AYENB. 203. 

bras-pot, sb., brass-pot, PR. P. 47; voc. 

356. 
brase, sh., c/. O.Swed. hrsisa,, M.Du. brase; 

burning coal: in brasse and in brinstone 

ANT. Arth. xv. 
br&sen, adj., 6>.£'.braescn; ^ro^^, ALis.5585 ; 

C. M. 1 2193; o )>at brasene neddre Orm. 17424. 
brasiere, sb., brazier, * (faber) aerarius^ PR. 

P. 47 ; brualers (//.) D. Troy 1589. 
brafidl, sb., Fr. bresil ; brasil, PR. p. 47. 
brdsni, adj., like brass ; braasni Wicl. deut. 

xxviii. 23. 
brassik, sb., Jrom Lat. brassica; cabbage. 

Pall. ix. 53; brasik 137. 
brastlien, v., O.E. brastlian, ^M.H.G. bras- 

teln ; rcUtle, clash, La5. 26970 ; sceldes brast- 

leden (pret.pl.) 27463. 
brat, sb., O.E. bratt (pallium), Mat. v. 40* ; 

Irish bratt (cloth) ; cloak, Ch. C. t. G 881. 
bra)>, adj., 0.N, bra^r; violent, Orm. 7164; 

C. M. 4003 ; bro}) Gaw. 2233 ; br6)>e (//.) 

wordez a. p. ii. 1409. 
brft)>-li, adj., O.N. bra¥ligr; violent: a 

bra(J))li braid Angl. II. 240; broJ)elich A. P. 

ii. 847 ; brd)>liche (adv.) Map 343 ; brathli 

c. M. 63; bro))eli Man. (H.) 166; Perc, 2123; 

A. p. ii. U56. 

br&l'J'e, sb., from br&]> (cf wr^})j)e, wra))))e, 
from wraj>) ; violence, Orm. 4561 ; brathe D. 

Troy 5075. 
brft)>-ftd, adj., violent: bro]>eftille (pi.) 

wordes Man. (Hj) 55. 
branlm,v., cfSwed.hxdLvX^i (R1ETZ51) ; brawl, 

^j'urgo,' PR. p. 48; he brailles (pres.) him 

(boasts) for his brighte wedes D. Arth. 1349. 
braulere, sb., brawler, PR. p. 48; bra- 

weleres [braleres] (pi.) Langl. ^xvi. 43; 

brawlers Trey. IV. 209. 
braxdJnge, sb., brawling, 'j'urgium,* PR. p. 

48 ; brawelinge, braulinge Langl. B xv. 233, 

Cxvii. 360 ; York xxx, 142. 
brann, sb., O.Fr. braon; brawn, *lacertus, 
pulpa,' PR. P. 48 ; J)e braun of a bore voc. 267 ; 

nei)>er bacon ne braun Langl. j^xiii. 91, Cxvi. 

100 ; ful big he was of braun and ek of bones 



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88 



braunche. 



, T. A 546 ; braun {meaning * boar\ D. 
, 1095 ; braunes Uacertos"'^ 



Ch. C _ 

Arth. 1095 ; braunes * lacertos^ WiCL. Job 
xxii. 9 ; braunes harde and stronge Ch. C. T. 
A 2135. 

braiinohey braunohed, set branohe, 
branohed. 

brOy see brSie and breu. 
bread, sb., 0,E. bread, =0/>w. brad, 0,L,G, 
brod, 0,N. brau^, 0,H.G. brot ; breads A. R. 
192 ; Shor. 30 ; bread, brad HOM. I. 241 ; 
f et bread, briad ayenb. i 10 ; bread, bred gen. 
& EX. 364, 2079; braed, bred LA3. 19717, 
31800 ; braed Orm. 996; HOM. II. 27 ; R. S. 
vii ; Hav. 633 ; Brd. 6 ; )>at bred Misa 
40 ; for evere mi bred had(de) ben bake Fer. 
577 ; breed spec 104 ; Ch. C. t. A 341 ; 
breades (gen.) A. R. 262 ; bredes Shor. 20 ; 
breade ((&t.) Shor. 30. 

bred-oorn, sb., bread-corn^ Langl. B vi. 64. 

bred-lees, adj., breadless, Langl. Bklv. 160. 

bread-I§p» sb., bread-basket^ gen. & EX. 2078. 
breadOy see brdde and brede. 
breoh, sb., 0,E. pU brec, = aA^. brok {pL 
broekr), 0,H.G. bruoch, pruoh ; breech 
{breecnes\ A. r. 420 ; bEK. 260 ; Langl. B v. 
175; breecb Al. (L.*) 731; Mand. 250; 
brecb, brek * braccae ' PR. p. 48 ; brek voc 
238; Iw. 1770; Man. (H.) 161; breohen 

{dat.pL) LA5. 16749 ; breche Fl. & Bl. 258 ; 
breke LiDG. M. P. 114. 

brek-belt, sb., waist-belty * lumboi voc. 238. 

brgoh-gerdel, sh.^ girdle^ ayenb. 205 ; brei- 

gurdel MISC. 193 ; bregirdil WiCL. Jer. xiii. i. 

br§ch-l$B, adj., breechless\ breklesse D. 

Arth. 1048. 
[breohe, breke, sb., O.E, (aew-, wi¥er)breca, 

= O.H.G. (hus)prehho; one who breaks; 

comp, *w-, sptia-breohei wed-breke.] 
br^he, sb., 0,Fris. hxt]s.Qy—M.H.G, breche ; 
from broken ; breach, act of breaking, Alis. 

2168; Gow. IL 138; CM. 8220; (?=bruche) 

Shor. 133 ; comp. sohip-breohe. 
breohe, sb., cf, MX.G. brake, M.H.G. brache ; 

f fallow field Q. & N. 14. 
bred, sb., O.K. hrtdf =^ M.Du. bred, berd, 

OM.G. bret ; board, PR. p. 48 ; c M. 16578 ; 

nailid on a bred of tre REL. 1. 63 ; brede (dot.) 

o. & N. 965; A. P. iii. 184; comp. tavel-, 

wax-bred. 
bred-oh§8e, sb., some kind of cheese^ ^junc- 

tcUa* li.G.juncata], PR. P. 48. 
bred, see brerd. bred, see bread and braid 
brade, see brdde and hr^de. 
brede, sb., 0,E. brjede / f^M.L.G, brade 

/. (Schiller I. 412), O.II.G. prato, brato 

m. (assatura); from br§den; roast meat, 

p. L. S. viii. 73 ; o.&N. 1630; Hav. 98; SPEC 

27 ; AV. Arth. 30x1 ; swines brede . . . al to 

diere he hi bei^ Angl. I. 15; yeo braede 

LEECHD. III. 98 ; brade HOM. II. 224 ; of ])ere 



breiden. 

brede he aet LA5. 30596 ; J^a . . . brftden (aec) 
LEECHD. III. 98 ; brede [breade] Las. 30583 ; 
bredes (pi,) Alis. 5249; breden (gen.pL) 
LA5..30589. 
breden [breade], v., O.E. brasdan (pple. gc- 
braedd), = aFw.breda, 0.//.(7. pratan,brataii, 
(pret. priat) ; roast, Laj. 25986 ; brede R. S. v 
(misc 180); Jul.' 170; Rich. 1493; bret 
(pres,) HOM. I. 53 ; brede (t'mper,) L. C C 25 ; 
hvMde (pret.) Laj. 30584; bradden 20978; 
bredden Ar. & Mer. 7305 ; brSde (J^ie.) 
Rich. 3613 ; brad Gaw. 891 ; bred gen. & ex. 
3147; ibredMisc 54. 

breden, v., O.E, bredan, = -^.ZW. broeden, 
O.H.G. pruotan, bnioten ; from brod ; breed, 
Angl. III. 61 ; brede spec ioi ; brSdetii 
(pres) Langl. Bxi. 339 ; brede^ bret A. R. 
200, 222 ; (hie) brddeo HOM. II. 55 ; brcde|> 
Rob. 177 ; br^de (pret^ O. & N. loi ; bred- 
den Langl. j9xi. 347 ; brSd (pple^ REL. I. 
211 ; ibred o. & N. 1724 ; heo weoren ibreddc 
LA5. 30071. 

breding, sb., breeding, c. M. 3479. 
breden, see brSden and breiden. 
bref, sb., O.Fr. bref, brief; brief, official docu- 
ment, letter, s. s. (Wr.) 3213 ; Man. (H.) 237 ; 
breve C M. 19606. 

bref, adj., O.Fr. bref, LcU. brevis; brief, 
short, A. P. i. 268 ; in breff time Ber. 871 ; wif 
wordis breve (pi.) H. v. 55. 
brefli, adv., shortly \ bre[fl]i C M. 130; 
breveli C M. 18199; brefeli SQ. L. D. 873. 
briefhes, sb., shortness, lud. Cov. 79. 
bregand, sb., O.Fr. brigand; irregular foot- 
soldier*, bregaunde^ (pL) D. Arth. 2096. 
bre^e, see breu. bregge, see brugge. 
bregge, v., for abregen ; abridge, WiCL. s. 
w. II. 407; briggen Halliw. 211 ; briggid 
(pfiU:) Man. (H.) 247 ; breiggid WiCL. Mk. 
xiii. 20. 

breggere, sb., abridger*, perlipominon, that 
is . . . word bregger WiCL. pref. ep. I. 72. 
breid, see braid 

breiden, v., O.E. bregdan, bredan,= OJ..G. 
bregdan, O.Fris. breida, brida, O.N. bregma, 
brig%a, f O.H.G. brettan, f M.H.G, briten; 
twist, wrench, hurl, draw (a sword, etc.), plait, 
HOM. I. 201, II. 217 ; breiden . . . ane crime 
A. R. 124 ; breden verliche a dun 222 ; a gret 
ok he wolde breide a doun as it a smal ^erde 
were ROB. 22 ; he schal breide a wei [* evellet *1 
WiCL. PS. xxiv. 15 ; 5if )k)u bredest (pres.) wod 
S. S. (Web.) 1907 ; ^ ancre . . .bene gult ne up 
breide hire A. R. 426 ; bredep wode P. 63 ; 
breid (pret^ A. R. 280; breid ne . . . a sweord 
Laj. 1548; J>e king hine braeid [breid] saec 
6667 ; he braid . . . efter his alderen 6895 ; 
braeid hine of his stede 26777 ; braid [breid] 
him ajeinward Jul. 72, 73 ; braid Iw. 3248 ; 
AV. Arth. xliii ; of his slep an on he braid 
Hav. 1282 ; J>e J>ef braid out (h)is knif CHR. 



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brdie. 



brenneiii 



89 



E. 670 ; sche braid hure wel ne^ wod Fer. 
2099 ; ban braide [/or braid] he up of his bed 
Will. 686 ; braided Alis. 5856 ; and brudden 
up Baldolf La^. 20335; faste hi drowe & breide 
P. L. s. xxi. 108 ; broaden (pp/e,) Map 339 ; 
broiden o. & N. 645 ; broidin * laqueatus* PR. 
P. 53 ; breided, broided Ch. C. t. A 1049 ; 
comp. »-, »t-, for-, 56-, to-, wiS-breiden 
dtriv. braid, (up-)brud. 

breie, sh.f= M.Du. broeye, Af,//.G, briieje; 
broth, gravy ; bre L. C C. 17 ; comp, ale-brdL 

brein, x^^ brain. 

brei|>en, v., f O.N, breg^,=breiden ; rusk, 

fly ; brei)>ed (pret^ : wine brei^d uppe 
into his braine A. P. ii. 1421. 

brek, sb., 0,E, (ge)brec, brece ; act of break- 
ing, Alis. 2168*; Man. (F.) 14662; c m. 
6344 ; breke PR. P. 49, 

breke, see breohe. 

broken, v., 0,E, brecan, = OX,G, brecan, 
OSris, breka, Goth, brikan, O.H.G. prechan, 
brechen, LcU. frangere ; break, A. R. 242 ; 
Kath. 2028; GEN. & EX. 3147; breoken 
Jul. 58 ; breke o. & n. 1080 ; ayenb. 52 ; 
Mand. 228 ; him Jwuhte fat his herte wolde 
breke Ch. C. t. A 954 ; to brekene HOM. I. 
43; brdkeat {pres.) Orm. 1548 ; jif hit itit 

tet Yx brekest godes heste HOM. I. 21 ; 
rckef treat. 136; breo {imperat.) Marh. 
18 ; breke^ on (begin) Kath. 1301 ; breao, 
brajc, breac (pret.) Laj. 1558,2623, 10978; 
brae P. L. S. viii. 93 ; GEN. & EX. 3100 ; he 
brae here bendes HOM. II. 113; brak Iw. 
3778 ; Ch. C. t. A 1468 ; WiCL. numb. xi. 8 ; 
a water brak out Trev. I. 191 ; brak, brek 
Rob. 22, 126; brec HOM. I. 171 ; Marh. 5 ; 
brec on {v. r. bigon) Kath. 2295; brek 
AYENB. 16 ; (J)u) breke LA3. 5037 ; Langl. 
C xxi. 383 ; brSken, breken (pret. pi.) John 
MX. 32, 33 ; breken LA5. 27506 ; Jul. 59 ; 
AYENB. 64; Alis. 5891; s. s. (Wr.) 1218; 
breeken, braken WiCL. 2 paral. xxxi. i ; 
brake IsuM. 652 ; brdken (pple.) Hay. 1238 ; 
Ch. Tro. v. 1204 ; brokin Octav. (H.) 944 ; 
wi¥aten brokene breade A. R. 342 ; brokun 
WiCL. Is. xxxvi. 6; brokene mete Mk. viii. 
20; comp. a-, »t-, for*, je-, to-br6ken ; deriv. 
brae, brake, brek, breohe, briuhe, bruohe, 
bruoheL 

br^kere, sh.,= Af.//.G. brechaere; breaker, 
HOM. I. 83 ; comp. Aw-br6kere. 

br^kinge, sb., breaking, ayenb. 48. 
brekil, adj., brittle, ^Jragilis,* PR. P. 177; 

TOWNL. lOI. 

brembel, sb., O.E. brembel (? brembel) bre- 
mel, braemel m,, = O.H.G. bramal(busc) ; 
bramble, C. M. 924 ; brembil, brimbil WiCL. 
ECCLUS. xliii. 21 ; Job xxxi. 40 ; brimbil, 
bremmil * tribulus, veffres ' PR. P. 49 ; brem- 
blee (pi.) HOM. I. 223 ; brimbles II. 129. 
brembcd-flonr, sb., bramble-flower, Ch. 
C. t. B 1936. \Harl. ms* brexnber-flourj 



br§me» adj., O.E. breme, bryme; valiant, 
spirited, famous, Orm. 7197; Greg. 260; 
Will. 18; Gaw. 1142; a. p. iii. 430; m. 
Arth. 229 ; TowNL. 197 ; J)u art wel modi 
and wel breme O. & N. 500 ; breme and bold 
K. T. 835 ; fis strif bat is so breme C. L. 538 ; 

tilke feste was wel breme Fl. & Bl. 792 ; 
reme as a bare Degr. 1240 ; a breme bare 
Amad. (Web.) 171 ; a bor so brime s. & C. 
II. XX ; brim ^ferus, ferox* PR. P. 51; 
Man. (H.) 28 ; J>e se fat was ful brim Hay. 
2233 ; breme wittes Langl. B xii. 224 ; her 
breme blastis dep. R. iii. 365 ; bremme heed 
DEP. R. ii. 130; when briddes singe)> breme 
SPEC. 44; foughten breme [breeme] Ch. C. 
t. a 1699. 

brdme-li, zidi)., fierce, furious : mani bremli 
blast C M. 24847 ; brSmeli (adv:), Will. 23 ; 
Gaw. 1598. 
bremnes, sh., fury, D. Troy 4665. 

breme, sb., O.Fr. bresme; bream (the fish), 
voc. 222 ; PR. P. 49 ; Ch.'C. t. A 350. 

bren, sb., O.Fr. bren ; bran, * furfur,' PR. P. 
49; Ch. C. t. a 4053; AYENB. 210; bren, 
bran Langl. B vi. 184 ; bran voc, 201. 
bran-br§d, sb., bran-brecui, voc. 198. 

brende, adj., from brennen; of tawny 
colour, LiDG. M. P. 202. 

brend-fler, see under brune. 

brene, see brtoe. 

brengen, v., O.E. brengan, = O.Fris. brenga, 
branga, O.L.G. brengean, M.H.G. brengen ; 
from bringen ; bring ; brenge ayenb. 87 ; s.S. 
(Web.) 2169 ; Ed. 3 ; (/ ms. bringe, r. w. 
genge) Laj. 15094; brenge|> (pres.) Shor. 
6; br6hte(?br6hte), [ a £". br6hte,= a/^rr>. 
brochte, OJL.G. brahta, O.H.G. prahta] 
(pret.), brought, H. M. 45 ; P. S. 221 ; (ms. 
brohhte) ORM. 14361 ; brochte HOM. I. 171 ; 
me heom brohte drinken Laj. 13585 ; brouhte 
63 ; broute [brofte] 36 ; brojte, brouhte O. & 
N. 107 ; brojte AYENB. Ii8; ^at moni mon 
brojte to de))e Rob. 17; brouhte me a slep 
Langl. Av.Z-, broujte j9v. 8; broghte, 
brou3te, broughte Ch. C. t. B 522 ; broute 
REL. II. 277; brohtest Jul. 61; brohton 
HOM. I. loi ; brohten Mat. ii. 11; Horn 
(R.) 44; brouhten a. R. 114; broht (pple.) 
brought, HOM. 1. 283 ; spec 29; brojt Langl. 
Brlw. 136; brouht, brouct, brouth, browt 
Hay. 336, 513, 1979, 2412 ; comp. ^e-brengen. 

brenie, see brunie. 

brenne, sb., O.N. brenna, cf. O.H.G. brinna ; 
y^^mbrinnen; burning, conflagration: h.'wdiXi 
he . . . haveden . . . ])e fir brouth on brenne 
Hay. 1239. 

bren-stdn, sb., O.N. brenna-, brenni-, bren- 
nusteinn ; sulphur, HiCKES 1. 228 ; see brlm- 
ston, brunstdu, under briine. 

brennen, bemen, v., 0.N brenna, O.E, 
beman, baeman, =C?j:.6^., O.HG. brennan, 



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90 



brennen. 



bresten. 



M,Du. bernen {urere, cremare)^ Goth, fga)- 
brannjan (icatciv) ; from brinnen ; bum^ Ha v. 
916 ; his tail schal brennen in ]>e glede Ch. 
C. T. ^ 1 1 1 ; brenne Mand. 48 ; brenne his 
londes Will. 1133; shal brenne ^ ardebit* 
WiCL. LEV. vi. 12 ; beraen A. R. 306 ; baernen 
Orm.^ 1529; lim heo gunnen baeraen Laj. 
15466 ; heme RoB. 81 ; treat. 136 ; ayenb. 
173; brenne)> (pres,) c. L. 1258; brenne 
(subj,) Fl. & Bl. 5 ; brenning (pple.) Kath." 
41 ; Langl. Cxx. 83 ; brende {preL) Orm. 
1086; GEN. & ex. 1 108; P. l. s. xiii. 121 ; 
Fer. 2243; Langl. j^xvii. 326; Gow. II. 
164; WiCL. 4 KINGS xiv. 4; he brande, 
barnde LA3. 3824, 30459 ; bernde A. R. 242 ; 
as ))ah ha bernde Marh. 19; bamde Rob. 
300 ; brenden Sax. chr. 262 ; Rich. 6057 ; 

ter brenden cerges inne Hav. 594 ; ^ fires 
rende upon ))e auter Ch. C. t, A 2425 ; 
brend {pple.) Orm. iooo; Hav. 2832; 
brend gold Ch. C. t. A 2162; Rich. 3349; 
brend, brent Will. 2646, 4367 ; brent HoccL. 
i. 390 ; comp. a-, for-brennen. 

brennar, sb., burner^ PR. p. 49 ; brenneris 
(//.) WiCL. s. w. III. 329. 

brenninge, sb., O.E. beming; burningy 
GEN. & ex. 3654 ; Ch. C. t. u4 996 ; beminge 
ayenb. 205. 
breost, sb., 0,E, breost,=O.Z.(7., 0,N. briost, 
0,Fris, briast n,j breast, p. L. s. xvii. 66; 
Alis. 621 ; j)at breost Laj. 27556*; J)i breost 
P. L. S. xvii. 66; briest ayenb. 175; brest 
Orm. 4774 ; gen. & ex. 370 ; breest Trev. 
III. 341 ; brist LUD. Cov. 14 ; breoste A. R. 
18 ; moni breoste Laj. 4540 ; })a breste [j)e 
breost] 6497 ; breostes {gen,) HOM. I. 183; a 
^an breoste Laj. 27553 ; ut of j^ire breoste 
1 5831; })ire br{e)oste GR. 20; upon be breeste 
of our lord Mand. 92 ; breost ( pL) leechd. 
III. 120; ))a breost )>e bu suke Lk. xi. 27; 

tine breoste frag. 6; oreosten misc. 151; 
rustes Fer. 1072; brioetam, breostan, 
breosten {dat. pi.) leechd. Ill- 120, 122, 
128; breosten Kath. 2130; briesten ayenb. 
247. 

brSst-bdn, sb., O.E. breostban ; breast- bone, 
Ch. C. t. a 27 10 \ brustbon Fer. 1623. 
breat-clut, sb., voc 173. 
breost-lin, sb., O.E. breostlln; breasi-Unen, 
Orm. 955. 

brest-plate, sb., breast-plate, Ch. C. t. 
a 2120. 
br5o8t-)?ono, sb., O.E, breostge})anc ; mind, 
Laj. 1936. 

br§o8te*wunde, sb., breast-wound, a. R. 
194. 
breostedy pple., having a breast, Guy 261. 
breoSeny v., O.E. (ajbreo^an ; perish : \^x 
fore Je sculleS breo^en Laj. 5807 ; heou 
breooeS [bre})i})] })a Frensce 5 196 ; a bro}'in 
{f degenerate) (h)eir P. L. S. i. 44; comp. 
. a-breoSen. 



brdowen, v., 0,E. hr€owa,n,=^ 3f.//.G. brid- 
wen, M.L.G. bruwen, M.Du. briiwen, brouwen, 
O.N. brugga; brew\ breowe HOM. II. 257; 
brewen GEN. & EX. 4054 ; brewe Man. (F.) 
1245 ; s. S. (Wr.) 1490; E. G. 355 ; bruwin, 
browin PR. P. 54 ; breu {ms. brew) {pret.) 
P. s. 69; breu, breuh Langl. A ^, 134; 
breuj HOM. II. 256 ; brewed s. S. (Wr.) 1285 ; 
J)ei browe ROB. 26 ; browen ( pple^ Map 
337; Rich. 4365 ; browe LAngl. -ff xviii. 361 ; 
ibrowen P. 29; ibrowe S. S. (Web.) 1494; 
brewid Flor. 687 ; deriv. broJ>, bru}>en. 
brewere, sb., = M.H.G. briuwer, MX.G. 
bruwere ; brewer, Langl. B xix. 394 ; breo- 
wares {pi.) misc. 189; brueres R. s. vii 
(misc. 188). 

bF^westere, sh., female brewer, Langl. B v. 
306; E. G. 355; browstere LUD. Cov. 132; 
browstar or brewere PR. P. 54. 

brer, sb., f sprout, young shoot', brer [breer] 
on ris C. L. 123, 

brerd, sb., O.E. brerd, hreasA,— O.H.G. prart, 
prat, Swed. bradd; margin, brink, Orm. 
14040; WiCL. EXOD. xxxvii. II ; herd *margo* 
PR. P. 32 ; brerde {dat.) Trev. II. 173 ; upon 
helle brerde A. R. 324 ; breorde Laj. 23322. 
brerd-ftil, adj., cf Swed. braddfuU ; ^11 to 
the brim, Orm. 14529; bredful, bratful 
Langl. -5prol. 41; bretful hom. II. 167; 
p. s. 333 (p. 41) ; PL. CR. 223 ; Ch. C. t. 
^^687. 

brerOy sb., O.E. brer m.; brier, *tributus, 
vepres,* voc. 181, 229 ; PR. P. 49 ; ^ eglanter' 
voc. 163 ; Langl. C iii. 28; Wicl. Job xxxi. 
40; TowNL. 100; s. & C I. xxix; scharp as 
brere Ch. C. t. £"1825 ; breere Lidg. m. p. 218; 
brere {dat.) MiN. vii. 128 ; brijt so blosme 
on brere Greg. 18; rede brere L. c C42; 
brSree (//.) A. R. 276; Orm. 9212; Will. 
1809; Mand. 115 ; Ch. C. t. A 1532; a 
burden of brere spec 1 10, 

breSy see bras. 

brdse, sb., O.E. briosa, breosa {asilus^ tabanus) ; 
gadfly, ^ oestrumi voc. 255 ; ^asilus' PR. P. 
49 ; * bruchus' Cath. 43 ; PS. civ. 34. 

bresedy adj., f bristly, A. P. ii. 1694; Gaw. 

305- 

bresen, see brSsen. 
bresty bersty sb., O.N. brestr, O.E. berst, 

^ M.H.G. brest, breste, M.Du. berst, berste; 

damage, defect, PR. P. 49 ; A. P. ii. 229 ; C M. 

1656 1 ; breste Halliw. 209; berst Bev. 

1930 ; see briiBt. 
bresty see breost. 
bresten, berstan, v., O.N. bresta, O.E, 

berstan,«= 6^.Z.6^. brestan, O.H.G. prestan, 

brestan, O.Fris. bersta; burst \ brestin PR. 

P. 50; bresten, berste Ch. C. t. A 1980; 

breste, berste, WiCL. Mk. ii. 22; bersten 

a. R. 80; berste Laj. 27683; Horn (R.) 

66^; berste {pres, subj.) o. & N. 990; 



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bretasce. 



brige. 



91 



brast (pre/.) Ch. C. T.B697; Trist. 191 ; 
Tor. 687 ; Degr. 1622 ; brast, barst Langl. 
^vi. 180; barst La^. 1467; Alis. 625; J>et 
mean bearst ut Jul. 59; brosten OCTOV. 
(W.) 1088; Man. (F.) 1833; broston Ed. 
3449 ; burster! Jul. 59 ; Rich. 2892 ; stanes 
ber bursten LA3. 27719; |»e bees bursten out 
Rich. 2892; hire limes burste P. L. S. xv. 
193; borsten K. T. 1049; broaten (ppie,) 
Ch. C. t. ^3829; WiCL. GEN. vii. 11; 
iborsten HiCKES I. 228; comp. »t-, to- 
breeten ; deriv. brest, brust. 
bretasce» sb., O.Fr. bretesche ; brattice^ bar- 
Hzatiy ^ propugnaculum^ PR. P. 50 ; brutaske 
Rob. 536. 

bretasce, v., fortify with a brattice \ bre- 

texed (pple.) LiDG. Troy ii. ii. 

britelBing, sb., brattidngy WiCL. S. w. 1. 191. 

bretS, sb., O.E. brae« iw., allied to 0,H,G, 

pradam ; breath, A. R. 80 ; unl(e)ofne bre^ 

HOM. I. 153; bre)> TREAT. 1 36; SHOR. I02 ; 

p. L. s. v.'^ 41 ; Trev. II. 185 ; |)e bote bre^ 
0. & N. 1454 ; bre)>, bree)> Ch. C. T. C 552 ; 
breti p. R. L. P. 221 ; bretJe {dot.) HOM. II. 
145 ; for )>an ufele bre¥e I. 43 ; bre))e Ch. C. 
T. ^ 5 ; LiDG. M. P. 62 ; brethe PR. c. 613. 

bre]>-maii, sb., f blower of a wind instru- 
ment; brethemen (//.) D. Arth. 4108. 
brethe, sb., / 0.N, brae¥i; foom br&l> ; ffury 
D. Arth. 2213 ; bre)> ^furorem^ PS. xxxvi. 8 ; 
brethe {dot,) Townl. 197. 
brej>el, sb., ffrom breo'Sen ; wretch, worth- 
less person \ (printed breyel) ^miserculus^ 
PR. p. 50; bri^l (fpfinted hni^X) REL. II. 
119; brethelis (pi.) LUD. Cov. 308. 
bre|>Bling, sb., ?=bre)>el; Ar. & Mer. 64; 
brij)eling R. S. vi (MISC. 184, 185). 
brethin, v., breathe, smell, exhale perfume, 
^spiro; PR. P. 50; brejji TREAT. 136; 
bPo}>iJ> (pres,) WiCL. John iii. 8 ; bre)>ede 
(pret.) Trev. VIII. 195 ; d. Troy 8777. 
breu, sb., O.Fr. breu; broth ; brewe ^brodium^ 
VOC241. 
[breu-, stem ^breowen, brew.l 

br§u-arii, sb., O.E, breawem; brewhouse, 
voc. 178. 

breu-housy sb., }=M.H.G, briuhus; brew- 
house, VOC. 204 ; Ch. C. t. A 3334. 
breu (P brewe), sb., O.E. breaw, braew m., 
= OJV. bra /, O.N.G. bra, pra n.f, O.Fn's. 
bre n.j mod.Eng. brow; eyelid, eyebrow; 
hank, river-side (mod. brae) ; breje spec. 34 ; 
brie 'cilium* voc. 76; bank ne bre Man. 
(F.) 10333 ; breie (ms. breye) (dat.) R. s. v 
(Misc 182) ; brSwas (//.) leechd. III. 98 ; 
br§wiB (pi.) WiCL. lev. xiv. 9; breowen 
La^ 18374; brees AV. Arth. xv; bri3es 
MISC. 226 ; comp, e3e-br§u ; see brft. 
breue, see brel 

br^ven, v., = O.N. brefa, M.H.G. brieven ; 
from bref; commit to writing, P. S. 156; 



br6ved (pple) Gaw. 2521 ; A. P. ii. 197 ; 

ibrevet HOM. I. 249 ; Marh. 16. 
brevet, sb., Fr. brevet; brevet, Langl. A 

PROL. 71. 
brevetour, sb., carrier of brevets, *bre- 

vigerulus,* PR. P. 50. 

brewe, see breu. brewen, see breowen. 
bri, sb., O.E. hnw, = M.Du., O.H.G. bri, 

M.L.G. brig ; broth, sops, 'puis,' frag. 4. 
bribe, sb., O.Fr. bribe (morsel of bread), 

mod.Eng. bribe ; f plunder ; feyning a cause 

for he wolde ban a bribe \v. r. wolde bribe] 

Ch. C. t. /?I378 (Wr. 6960). 
briberie, sh., = O.Fr. briberie (mendicancy), 

mod.Eng. bribery; pilfering, Trev. VIII. 

81 ; briberies (pi.) Ch. C. t. D 1367. 
bribe)?, sb.: gon a bribe)) [bribed] (go a- 

begging) Langl. Cix. 246. 
bribin, v., O.Fr. briber (to beg), mod.Eng. 

bribe ; pilfer, * manticulor* PR. P. 50 ; bribe 

Ch^Cj. a 4417. 
bribour, sb., O.Fr. bribeur ; pickpocket, thief, 

rascal, LUD. Cov. 183 ; briboures (pi.) Trev. 

II. 147. 
briche, adj., O.E. brice, bryce ; from broken ; 

frail, poor, H. S. 5821. 

briohe, see bruche. 

brid, sb., O.E. bridd m., mod.Eng. bird; 

young bird; bird in general ; * pullus' FRAG. 

3 ; 'avis* PR. P. 50 ; A. R. 102 ; O. & N. 124 ; 

S. S. (Wr.) 3035 ; Mand. 48 ; WiCL. lev. 

xvii. 13 ; culfre bridd Orm. 7887 ; Judas was 

a li^r brid (youth) P. L. S. xxii. 1 ; mi brid i 

fed L. H. R. 133 ; brlddea (gen.) P. L. S. xxv. 

13 ; briddes (pi.) a. r. xii. 118, 128 ; Kath. 

64; Langl. ^ xii. 131 ; Will. 179; Ch. C.t. 

A 2929 ; ANT. Arth. xxvii ; birdes D. Arth. 

2510; birdus Tor. 2044; bridde (dat. pl.)^ 

O. & N. 644. 
brid-lim, sb., bird-lime, PR. P. 50; birdlTm 

voc. 221. 
bride, sb., O.Fr. bnde; bridle, Alis. 2626; 

(ms. bridel, r. w. ride) Horn (L.) 772 (R. 

778, H. 801).^ 
bride, see bnide. 
bridel, sb., O.E. brTdel,=a//:(7.britel, bridel, 

M.L.G.,M.Du.hTeide\ ; /r<7/« brelden ; bridle, 

A. R. 74 ; O. & N. 1028 ; Rob. 396 ; Shor. 6 ; 

Ch. C. t. a 2506 ; )>ane bridel ayenb. 253 ; 

bridil Rich. 5817 ; bridle (dat.) ayenb. 204 ; 

bridles (pi.) WiCL. James iii. 3. 
bridelin, v., O.E. (ge)bridlian, = M.H.G. 

britelen; bridle, 'freno,* PR. P. 50; bridletS 

(pres.) A. R. 74 ; bridlen Gow. 1. 1 10 ; bridled 

(pple.) Orm. 11664; brideled Mand. 253; 

ibridled Ch. L. G. w. iii. 
brie, see breu. briest, see brSost. 

brige, sb., O.Fr. brigue ; intrigue, quarrel, 

* briga, dissensio,' PR. P. 50 ; Ch. C. T. B 2872. 
brige-lesB, adv., without cavil, Angl. V. 28. 



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92 



brige. 



brink* 



brigOy v., / Fk briguer ; entrap : j)o fende 

hafs cast Jjis snare for to brige men WiCL. 

S. w. III. 416. 
Brigge, pr. n., 0,E, Brycge, M,Du. Brugghe ; 

Brugesy Sax. chr. 254. 
brigge, see brugge. 
brigouSy adj., 0,Fr, brigeus, from LaL bn- 

gosus; disputable^ Trev. III. 203. 
brijt, see briht. 
briht, adj., O.-fi". bryht, breoht, beorht, berht, 

byrht,=aZ.(P. berht, bereht, aZ/.CP. beraht, 

O.N. biartr, Goth, bairhts ; bright j HOM. I. 

61; LAJ.7239; MISC. 88; SPEC 25; K.T.240; 

(ms. bnhht) Orm. 3431 ; briht, brijt O. & N. 

623; bricht HOM. II. 255; MISC. 27; 

brijt AYENB. 74; Degr. 1483; brijt and 

schene Shor. 149; brijt win Gaw. 129; 

brigt GEN. & EX. 132 ; brijt, bright Ch. C. T. 

A 1062; brith Hav. 589; brict Horn (H). 

14 ; printed britt HiCKES 1. 228 ; brist REL. I. 

48 ; briht, breoht Lk. xi. 34, 36 ; breost Mat. 

vi. 22; his brithe bride Hav. 2131 ; ))et 

brihte rbr(e)ohte] i-cunde HOM. I. 147, 149 ; 

))at . . . brehte . . . kinde ROM. II. 205 ; brihte 

(dot. m.) Marh. 19; brihte (p/,) H. M. 19; 

Hav. 2610 ; his e^en b(e)o^ swa brichte HOM. 

I. 165; brihtre (compar.) Kath. 1680; 

brihtre, brictere HOM. I. 39, 139; brihtere, 

brihture A. R. 38, 182 ; brihtore spec 57 ; 

brihtest {super I.) Marh. 21 ; brictest GEN. 

& EX. 1910. 
brijt, sb., beautiful woman : breue me brijt 

quatkin of priis beres be perle so maskellez, 

A. P. i. 754 ; brigt ; brightness^ splendour ^ GEN. 

& EX. 143 ; bright TowNL. i. 
brihte, adv., brightly, chr. E. 770; {tns, 

brihhte) Orm. 2138; bri3te Brd. 2. 
briht -lice, O.E, beorhtllce ; brightly , Mk. 

viii. 25; brihtliche A. R. 154; brijtliche 

AYENB. 150; brihtliiker (compar,) A. R. 

96. 
brihtnesse, sb., (9.-£. bryhtness, beorhtness; 

brightness, HOM. I. 217, II. 31 ; brictnesse I. 

239 ; brictnesse ayenb. 27 ; brihtnisse, breht- 

nisse John v. 41, xvii. 22. 
brihten, v., OJL, (ge)brihtan, beorhtan, byrh- 

tan, = 0.iV;birta; brighten, k.Vi, 148; brihte 

(imper.) HOM. I. 200 ; til on morwen J>e dai 

bright S. S. (Wr.) 1997. 
brike, sb., Fr, brique, cf M,L,G,, M.Du, 

bricke ; brick, E. G. 372 ; brik w. & I. 37. 
brike, sb., O.North.Fr, brique ; snare, trap : 

Genilon Oliver brought this worthy king in 

such a brike Ch. C. t. ^3580. 
brillin, see birlen. 
brim, sb., 0,E,,=^0,N, brim; stormy sea, 

waves, L. H. R. 125 ; MiN. vi. 57 ; brimme 

(dat,) Gaw. 2172; and lepith dune into the 

brimme P. L. S. 3cxxv. 157. 
brun-swin, sb., / 0,N, brimsvin; f porpoise; 

* delphinus,' PR. P. 54. 



brim, sb., 0,E. brymm (pi. brymmas) ; brim, 
brink, margin; brimme {dot,) Jos. 458; 
Cow. II. 293; Trev. I. 423 ; Ch. l. g. w. 
2451; Em. 694; a. p. i. 232; bi Jwm 
brimme Laj. 4472 ; to )>is londes brimme 
Horn (L.) 190; brimmes (//.) Trev. viiL 
139. 

brim, brime, see breme. 

brime, sb., O.N, brimi ; f burning heat, fire : 
ant ^urh ))e brime \f recut brune] ablinde^ 
Marh. 15. 

brim-fir, see brinfir, under briine. 

brimmen, v., O.E. bremman (rage, roar),^ 
O.H.G. breman, M.H.G. bremen, M.Du, 
bremen ; (of swine) be in heat, copulate; (of 
trees) bear fruit : the sonner wol thei brinmie 
j^ein and bringe forth pigges moo Pal. iil 
1070; brimen and beren gen. & EX. 118; 
brime * subare * CATH. 44. 

brimse, sb., O.E. hnmse,^ M.Du. bremse; 
gadfly, Wr. digt. 257. 

brim-ston, sb. (=briii8ton, from brlmian) ; 
brimstone, sulphur, chr. E. 181 ; brimstoon, 
bremston Ch. C. T. A 629 ; brim-, brumston 
WiCL. DEUT. xxix.23, JOBxviii. 1 5 ; bremston 
Beves 3277; brumston Map 339; misc 
227 ; see brenston, «/wfer bremie, o^brun- 
Bt&n, under brune. 

brin, sb., 0,N, brun (pi, brynn), Dan.^ Swed. 
bryn; brow, ^ supercilium,* PR. P. 51 ; Man. 
(F.) 12344; bryne AV. Arth. XV. 

bnne, sb., O.E. bryne (for brine), = M.Du. 
brijne ; brine, ^salsugo,* PR. P. 5 1 ; CM. 6348 ; 
Pall. iii. 39. 

brinfir, see under brune. 

bringe, sb., bringing; wel bi^ him J>ere bringe 
Laj. 743. 

bringen, v., 0,E. bringan (pple. bningen),* 
OJ..G, bringan, 0./^.(^.pringan, bringan (pret. 

Erang, pple. prungan), Goth, briggan, O.Fris. 
ringa ; bring, A. R. 268 ; GEN. & EX. 3 1 2 ; H. H. 
6; bringen on (induce) Orm. 7717; bringen 
heom to gadere misc. 37 ; bringen [bringe] 
Laj. 741 ; ne mihten heo . . . nenne a dun 
bringe 26588 ; bringe o. & N. 1029 ; Hav. 72 ; 
to de{>e bringe Rob. 335 ; to ende bringe c L. 
288 ; fruit . . . bringe leb. Jes. 566 ; bringetS 
(pres.) HOM. 1. 103 ; H. M. 33 ; & bringeS hire 
on to gederen A. R. 222 ; ))eonne bringe^ he 
up sum lu^r word 426 ; bringeb o. & N. 524 ; 
bring (imper.) Marh. 19; bringe (subj.) p. 
L. s. xix. 284 ; for the pret. see under brengan ; 
comp. je-bringen ; deriv, brengen. 
bringere, sb., bringer, Mand. 243 ; bringare 
PR. P. 51 ; Ch. C. t. D 1197. 
brinie, see brunie. 

brink, sb., cf. M.L.G., Dan., Swed brink, Icel. 
brekka ; brink, ^margo, ripa* PR. P. 52 ; brinke 
(dai.) A. R. 242*; leg. 130 ; Alis. 3491 ; Man. 
(F.) 4623 ; bi )« se brinke Horn (L.) 141 ; 
on mi pittes brinke Ch. C. t. E 1401 ; in Jie 



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brinnen. 



bro)>. 



93 



brinke ['in h'/ore*] WiCL. JOHN xxi. 4; 

brinkeB (//.) Trev. VIII. 349- 
teinnen, v., 0,E. brinnan, beoman, byrnan, 

= OX.G., OJ/,G,, Goth, brinnan, OJJ, brinna ; 

bum^ (intrans.) ; brinne C. M. 5749 ; ISUM. 

695 ; brinne, brennc Ch. C. t. Z> 52 ; beomen 

FRAG. 7 ; beoraen, bemen LA3. 2858, 16218 ; 

beornen (r. w. jeomc) HOM. 1. 197 ; bime 239 ; 

Tor. 555 ; berne Ar. & Mer. 2320 ; brinnetS 

(pres,) REL. I. 215 ; beamed H. M. 37 ; bir- 

nende, beomindc (pple,) HOM. I. 41, 95 ; 

beminde R. S. iv (Misa 166); bom (preL) 

Laj. 16217 ; buraen 4579 ; bume (subj.) Laj. 

28085; comfi. for-brinnen ; deriv. brenne, 

brennen, brone, brand, 
bnsel, see brusU. biisen, sie brusen, 
brisewort, see under braae. 
briflty see brust. 
BriBtowe, pr. n., 0,E. Brycgstowe ; Brist4>i^ 

Rob. 277; Trev. II. 35; Bristouwe [Brus- 

touwe] Laj. 31027. 
briteiflingy see bretasce. 
britely see bruteL britnen, see briitnen. 
britoner, see brutiner. 
bri}>el, bri)>eling9 see bre}>6l, bre]>eliiig. 
brixle, sb., 0,N. brigsli (far ♦brig¥sli) ; from 

breiden ; reproachy upbraiding \ brixel, bricsl, 

brixil c. M. 10319, 24044, 28196; comp. up- 

brizle. 
bnzlen, v., O.N, brigsla ; reprove ; bruxlez 

(/«f.) A. p. iii. 345* 
bPO, see brft ow^breu. 
broc, sb., ? menace \ Jjis was hire broc {first 

text ibeot) Laj. 21029*. 
broc, sb., O.E, br6c m. (brook\^M,Du, broek, 

O.H,G, bruoch n, (marsh)-, brook, HOM. 1. 187 ; 

anne broc Laj. 10828 ; brok, brook Ch. C. t. 

^3922; broke {dot.) La^. 10831 ; Langl. 

By\. 137; A. P. i. 141; brokes {pi.) Laj. 
. 31228 ; a. R. 258. 
broo-minte, sb., O.E. brocminte; brook- 

minty voc. 140. 
tarocige, sb., brokage, trade or action of a 

broker; jobbery , Langl. ^xiv. 267, Cxvii. 

109 ; Ch. C. T. a 3375. 
br6che, sb., O.Fr. broche ; broach {spit) ; 

brooch, * vet uj VOC 178 ; * monile' 199 ; A. R. 

420; WiCL- JER. iv. 30; {spear) L. L. R. 133 ; 

faa)y set a broche {a broach) ]>e tonne LiDG. 

M. p. 164; broches (pi.) ayenb. 229; Langl. 

J?xvii. 245 ; bruchez D. Arth. 3257. 

brdohin, v., Fr. brocher; broach (a cask), spur 

(a horse), PR. P. 52 ; brochmg Fer. 3657 ; 

bT6ehede (pret.) D. Arth. 2714. 

brocke, sb.,«il/.Z>«. brocke, O.H.G. brocco 
m.; from broken ; fragment', broc (broken 
skin) Trans. XXX. 381 ; broooan {dot. pi.) 
Mat. XV. 37. 

-brooour, brokoury sb., cf medXat. bro- 
carius ; broker, Langl. B ii. 65, C iii. 66. 



bred, sb., O.E. brord, O.N. broddr {spiculum, 
ora), cf. O.H.G. prot, prort m. (ora) ; spike; 
brad; ear of com, * aculeus,* VOC. 202 ; * claims 
acephalus,* PR. P. 53 ; brodd & blome Orm. 

10773 ; brurdes (pi.) A. P. ii. 1474. 

brurd-fiil» adj., cf. brerdfUl; full to the 

brim, A. P. ii. 383. 
brod, sb., O.E. hr6d,=Af.I>u. broed, M.H.G. 

bruot ; brood, O. & N. 1633 ; netes brod gen. & 

EX. 3712 ; J)e lu)>er brod Rob. 70; brode (dot.) 

o. & N. 518 ; c. M. 1507 ; he sit a brode P. L. 

s.v.''35. 

brody ue br&d. 
brodden, v., from brod ; shoot, sprout, Orm. 

10769. 
brddien, see brftdien. 
brodin, v., brood, ^ foveo} PR. P. 53 ; see 

brSden. 

broiderery see broudiour. 
broiderie^ see brouderi. broidiiii see 

breiden. 
broilen, v., O.Fr. bruiller; broil, ^ustulo, 

torreo,* PR. P. 53 ; broile Ch. C. t. A 383. 
brok, sb., O.E. broc, cf Dan. brok, Jr., Gael. 

broc, Welsh broch; badger, *taxus,* PR. p. 

53 ; * teissoun ' VOC 166 ; I w. 98 ; brookes 

(pL) Laj. 1 281 7 ; brokkes Trev. I. 327. 
brok, sb., O.E. hToc,=O.N. brokkr; fnag; 

hait brok Ch. C. t. D 1543. 
br6ke, for brdken, pple. of br^en ; leep- 

fullis of broke meat WiCL. s. w. II. 14. 
brdke-bakkid, adj., hunch back, \gibbosus,^ 

PR. P. 53 ; Gam. 720. 
brdke-footid, adj., broken footed [^fracto 

pede% WiCL. LEV. xxi. 19. 
brdke-legged, adj., bandy-legged, I^angu 

^vi. 138. 

brdke-rugget, adj., hump-backed, H. M. 25. 
brdke-Bhankid, -sohonket, adj., broken 

legged, Langl. A vii. 131. 
brokel, see briioheL broken, see broken, 
brokken, v., f murmur \ a^e the crokkere to 

brokke Shor. 106 ; brokkinge (pple.), as a 

nyghtyngale Ch. C. t. A 3377. 
brol, sb., offspring, child \ broile Langl. B iii. 

204 ; brol PL. CR. 745 ; REL. II. 177 ; brollls 

(//.) WiCL. s. w. 195. 
brom, sb., O.E. brom m.,—M.Du. broem ; 

broom, ^ genista^ frag. 3 ; VOC. 140 ; A. P. iii. 

392 ; broom Mand. 130 ; brome (dot.) Alis. 

2492; brdmes (//.) ^ myricae^\ WiCL. jER. 

xvii. 6 ; CH. H. F. 1226. 
Brom-holm, pr. n., CH. C. T. A 4286. 
brond, see brand, brdsen, see brfisen. 
brosnien, v., O.E. brosnian ; crumble, break 

(intrans.) : J)u scalt rotien & brostnian {ffor 

brosnian) frag. 7. 
brotel, see bruteL 
bro)>, sb., O.E. \}xo^,^OJI.G. prod n.; tfrom 



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94 



brof. 



biiigge; 



breowen ; brothy Rob. 528 ; p. s. 334 (p. 43) ; 
Mand. 250 ; Al. (V.) 310. 

brd]>y see brft)>. 

brol'el, adj., ffrom br6otSen; wretched^ 
Langl. a xi. 61 ; bro}>el (subst) Gow. III. 
173 ; LUD. Gov. 217 ; bro}>elB (//.) PL. CR. 
772 ; see bre)>el. 

brotSer [bro)>er], sb., 0.E, bro^r, br6¥ur,= 
Goth, brobar, OX.(7.br6thar, bruother, O.Fris, 
brother, (9JV. bro^ir, O.H,G* pruoder, bruoder, 
Lai. frater, Or, (ppanip; brother^ Laj. 2105; 
brober O. & N. 118 ; {ms, bro))err) Orm. 296 ; 
brofer, brother Gh. C. T. A 529 ; broder Flor. 
718; brStSer, \p.E. hrc^Ty=0,N, bro^ur, 
0.//.G, bruoder. Got A. ;br6J)rs, Lot. fratris] 
i^^en.) Laj. 6741 ; bro|>er Rob. 291 ; ))is was 
na broker dede (? bro))erdede) C. M. 3750; 
bro¥res hom. II. 147 ; brother, [O.E. brewer, 
O.N. bro^ur, brcE^rJ (ciaL) REL. 1. 223; bro^Ser 
Mat. xxii. 25 ; brot>er Laj. 4294 ; br65re, [O.E, 
bro^or, bro^ru, oro^ra, = 0,Fris, brothera, 
brothere, 0,N, brge^r, Goth. br6))rjus, 0,H,G, 
bruoder, bruodra, Lat. fratres] (pi.) Mk. x. 30 ; 
brojjre MISC. 55 ; bro¥re, bre^re, bre¥ren HOM. 
1. 7, 9, 1 1 ; bre¥re Sax. chr. 32 ; bre)>re Orm. 
8269; bre{>er Will. 2641; Man. (H.) 51; 
brej^ir Amad. (R.) be ; breder AuD. 35 ; bre- 
^ere, bri^ere GEN. & ex. 823, 2271 ; bri|)er 
S. s. (Wr.) 1899 ; bro)>ren ayenb. 102 ; bro- 
beren Shor. 45 ; bro^eren, bre^ren, bre^^eren 
[bro)>ers] Laj. 2101, 2137,4292 ; bre^ren A. R. 
^4 ; JUL. 40 ; bre))eren Bek. 463 ; Mand. 222 ; 
brejieren, brijjren WiCL. gen. xxix. 4 ; bret$ere, 
\p,E, bro¥ra,= O.N. brde^ral (gen.pl) GEN. & 
EX. 2213; brej)eme Brd. 26; brdSren (dot, 
pi) Mat. xviii. 35 ; bro)>ren misc. 53. 
brol'er-hede, sb., brotherhood^ ayenb. i 10 ; 
Ch. C. t. ^ 1232 ; Am. & Amil. 362 ; Gaw. 
2516; c. M. 1159. 

broi'er-rddene (ms, -reddene), sb., O.E, br5- 
]K)rr2eden ; fraUrrUtyy hom. 1. 41 ; bro))errede 
AYENB. 1 10. 

bro)>-fal, sb., fcf, aiV. brottfall ; f epilepsy, 
Orm. 15504. 

brouderiy broiderie, sb., Fr. broderie ; em- 
broidery, WiCL. EXOD. xxviii. 39; browdrie 
xxxv. 33. 

broudiiiy v., Fr, broder; embroider, PR. p. 
53 ; brouded (pple.) Ch. G. T. A 3238. 
brondinge, browding, sb., embroidery , Gh. 
G. T. A 2498. 

broudioury brouderere, sb., Fr, brodeur ; 
broiderer, PR. P. 53; broiderer WiCL. 2 KINGS 
xxi. 19. 

broue, see br&we. 

brouet, sb., Fr. brouet,=//a/. brodetto; broth, 
PR. P. 54 ; DEP. R. ii. 51 ; L. c. c. 22 ; broues, 
[O.Fr, broues, broez, prov.Eng. browis] ; 
^adipatum* PR. P. 53; brouis voa 199; 
brues 266; and soupid of l^e brouwis a sope 
Rich. 3077 ; brois Hay. 924. 



bronken, see broken, bronn^ see brOn. 
brousoh-, see brusoh-. brouwOt see 

br&we. 
[browe, sb. }^M.Du. bruwe (broth) ; am^, 

fiso-browe]. 
bruohe,sb.,(9.^.bryce,e= J/.Z>«r.breuk, 0,I/.G. 

pruh, bruch; from broken ; breach; violation; 

crime ; H. M. 21 ; ROB. 26 ; REL. 1. 241 ; at \t 

furmeste bruche bat he fond he lep in II. 272 ; 

for monnes brucne Kath. 1210; breche Lk. 

xxiv. 35 ; briichea (//.) SPEC. 30 ; J?e bruches 

of hire bodi Kath. 161 5 ; bruohen (dot. pi.) 

Marh. 21 ; i bote of jieos bruchen A. R. 28; 

comp, ft-, buph-, grij>-, mund-, sehip-y 

spus-bruohe (-briche). 
briiohe, adj., 0,E, hryce,^ Goth, bruks, 0.ff. 

G, pruch; /rom broken; use/u/ ; briche REL. 

1.225; Man. (F.) 1 1406. 
briiohel, adj.,= J/.Z?«., M.L,G. brokel ; from 

broken; brittle \ Kath. 2029; a. r. 164; 

brukel, brokel M. H. 120, 1 54 ; brokil ^Jragilis^ 

PR. P. 53; Langl. Cxi. 47*; h. v. 86; of 

brokeleicende SHOR.3; bruohelure (compar) 

A. R. 164. 
brachelnesBe, sb., fragility, P. l. R. P. 

251 ; brukilnesse QUAIR cxciv. 
[briid, sb., 0,E. bryd, brygd; from breiden; 

comp, up-briid]. 

brude, sb., O.E, hr^d,= O.L.G. brfld, O.H.G. 
prut, brut, O.N, bru^, Goth, brubs; bride, 

A. R. 164; H. M. 5 ; MISC. 91 ; Horn (L.) 
1058 ; p. s. 239; brede Mat. xxv. i ; Al. (T.) 
129; brid Orm. 14194; bride PR. p. 50; 
Hav. 2131 ; Ch. G. t. E 1818 ; brude (f/or 
burde) Laj. 294. 

brOd-ale, sb., 0,E, brydealo ; bridal, HORK 
(L.) 1032 ; REL. I. 265 ; bruid-, bridale 
Langl. ^ii. 43 ; bridale Orm. 14003 ; gen. 
& EX. 1674; OcTAV. (H.) 1702 ; bredale Misc. 

29; AYENB. 118. 

brad-gifte» sb., giving in marriage, * nup* 
tias,* Mat. xxii. 2. 

briid-firume, sb., 0,E, brydguma,=O.Z.(7. 
brudigumo, 0,H.G, brudgomo; bridegroom, 
Marh. 19 ; bridgume Orm. 10422; bredgume 
Mat. ix. 15; misc 29; bredgome ayenb, 
2331 bred^umen (gen,) MK.iL 19. 

br&d-l&Oy sb., 0,E, brydlac ; nuptials, Jul, 
7; H.M.3. 

brOd-)>ing» sb. 0,E. bryd))ing; nuptials^ 
MISC. 99. 

brugge,sb.,a£'.brycg,= aA^.bryggja, OJ^ris, 
bregge, O.H,G, brucca ; bridge, Laj. 19242 ; 
Will. 2140; Langl. ^v. 601; brigge Gh. 
G. T. A 3922 ; Man. (H.) 241 ; Mand. 7; 
))e brigge . . . al of marbre imad is sche Fer. 
1680 ; fe brigge of Jie nose voc. 183 ; bregge 

B. disc 1252; briigge (gen) Rob. 539; 
briigge (dot) A. R. 242; brigge HOCCL. I. 
190; briiggen (pi.) Rob. 555 ; brigges Sax, 
CHR. 254 ; comp, draht-» tu-brOgge, 



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brtigge. 



brtistlien. 



95 



brlne-bdte, sb., O.JE:. brycgbot ; repairing 
or restoration of a bridge^ rel. I. 33. 
brlgge-ward, sb., bridge keeper^ Fer. 1700. 
briiggen, v., 0,E, brycgian, MX,G. bruggen ; 
bri€^e\ biiggeden (pret.) HOM. 11. 91; 
ibr^Sgad (pple,) La^. 21276. 
bruk, sb., Lat, bruchus ; a kind of locust, 
WiCL. LEV. xi. 2; bruik Hamp. PS. civ. 
32. 

bruken, v., 0.E, brucan (pret, br€ac),= 
0,L,G. brucan, brukan, OJ^ris,, 0,N, bruka, 
s^Golh, brukjan, OJI.G. pruhhaii) pruchen; 
enjoYy use^ A. R. 202 ; H. M. 33 ; Orm. 2154 : 
Vat bred bruken HOM. 1 1. 9? ; bruken [brouke] 
De heo )K>hte LA3.4800 ; bruken nanes drenches 
^9755 ; broken 15334 ; aelra J)ara )>inge )« on 
paradis beo% ]m most bruce HOM. I. 121 ; 
broke MISC. 76; brouke Langl. Bxu 117; 
Ch. C. t. E 2308 ; so mote ich brouke finger 
or to Hav. 1743 ; broke P. L. S. xiv. 51 ; Fer. 
3484; to brukene HOM. I. 105; brouke 
{pres.) P. s. 332 ; brukest HOM. I. Ill ; brQc 
{imper,) GEN. & EX. 1831 ; bruc his p^rouk 
hit] on wunnc Laj. 24180; broke Am ad. (R.) 
kd; <£fm/. bruche. 

brfbd^adj., O.E, brun,=O.A^. brunn, O.H.G, 
pnin; brown, a M. 18833 » broun Ch. C. t. 
^207 ; mi brune her MISC 193; of broune 
here Rob. 429 ; hire browe broune SPEC. 28 ; 
j»c brune (sb^) Hav. 21 81 ; this feire broune 
IS sone to the kinge Mer. xxi. (373). 
brfine, sb., O.E, bryne, byme, cf O.N. bruni, 
wl; from brinnen ; bum, burning, HOM. I. 
203 ; Laj. 825 5 ; H. M. 9 ; \!t brune of gohiesse 
A. R. 254 ; buses brune O. & N. 1155 ; bringen 
on brune set on fire Kath. 1364; brene 
AYENB. 264 ; / comp. herte-bien. 
brin-flr, sb., burning fire ; brimfir GEN. & 
KX. 754; brinnres (gen.) 1164. 

brendfier-rein, sb., gen. & EX. mo. 
brun-stftn, sb., * sulphur* PS. x. 7 ; PR. C. 
4853; brunston misc. 150; brun-, brin-, 
brenston, WiCL. GEN. xix. 24, PS. x. 7; 
brinston P. L. S. xxi. 143 ; A. P. ii. 967 ; ANT. 
Arth. XV ; bren-, bemston AYENB. 49, 73 ; 
bronston Man. (F.) 14684* ; lud. Co v. 308 ; 
Umiston voc. 211; see bren-atdn, 
branen» y.y — O.H.G. brunen ; became brown ; 
bromii)> {pres.) Alis. 3293. 
brfinie, sb., O.E. byme,«= (?JV1 brynja, O.L.G., 
Goth, brunjo, O.H.G. prunja ; coat of mail, 
A R. 382 ; R. S. iv; Horn (L.) 591 ; brunie, 
bume Laj. 1553, 6718; bnmi Alis. 1869; 
Gaw. 2012; brinie Hav. 1775; brenie HOM. 
I. 243 ; breni ant. Arth. xli ; bume HOM. I. 
155 ; buman (//.) Laj. 1701. 
brtinied, adj., provided with a coat of mail : 
breniede (pi.) Jcnightes D. Arth. 316 ; see 
^brunied. 

Branne, pr. n., Bourn, Man. (F.) 135. 
jbnmswiny see under brim. 



bnmty sb., brunt, ^impetus,* PR. p. 54; a. p. 

i. 176; bront LiDG. M. P. 261 ; bronte S. B. 

w. 3166. 

brurd, see bred, 
brusohy sb., Ital. brusco ; brush, brushwood, 

^bruscus,* PR. p. 54 ; Man. (F.) 8338. 

brusohalley i^., Fr. broussaile ; brushwood \ 

PR. P. 54. 
bruBOhe, sb., Ital. brusca ; brush : wiped it 

with a brushe Langl. B xiii. 460. 
bruBOhOy brouBhy sb., forcible rush, Alex. 

783 ; at a brush Alex. 2133. 
brusohen, v., brush (clothes) ; brusche B. B. 

180. 
bruBOhen, v., rush with force*, brusohes 

(pres.) Alex. 963 ; bruschese D. Arth. 1681 ; 

brusshet D. Troy 1192; brusohld (pret.) 

WiNT. viii, xiii. 93. 
brusohet, sb., thicket, Halliw. 215; Fer. 

800. 

[bruse, sb., t bruise] 
bruie-wort, sb., O.E. brysewyrt (Leechd. I. 

374); bruise-wort, ^ anagailis,* LEECHD. II. 

373 ; * consolida major ^ III. 316. 
brusen, v., O.E. brysan (b. d. d. 49), O.Fr. 

bruisier, brisier ; bruise, breed: ; bruse WiCL. 

DEUT. ix. 3 ; brisen HOM. II. 61 ; Hav. 1835 ; 

brisin ^guasso* PR. P. 52 ; brese Pall. i. 913 ; 

brusede (pret.) Jos. 501 ; brusden L. H. R. 

40; brisid (pple.) WiCL. Lk. xx. 18 ; bresid 

Flor. 103; Triam. 237; comp. fbr-, to- 

brusen. 

brusil, ^dy, fragile; brisill, ^fragilisi CATH, 

44; H. s. 8571 ; bresil Hamp. ps. ii. 11. 
brtisty sb., O.E. byrst (loss),=M.L.G. burst, 

borst (want, defect), O.H.G. brust (breaking) ; 
from bresten ; damage, defect, injury ; burst 

Laj. 1610 ; SPEC. 24 ; brist E. T. 833 ; PR. c 

6205 ; brist, birst c M. 6344 ; burstes (pi.) 

La^ 2461. 
brtiste, sb., O.E. byrst, = O.N. burst, bust, 

O.H.G. purst ; bristle ; )« brust (e) of a swin 

Ell. ROM. II. 322. 
briisteiiyV., cf. Ger. bursten, Z?rt«.b6rste; beat\ 

ofte hi him bete and burste (r. w. nuste) Al. 

(T.) 331 ; buwted, ibirsted (pple.) La;. 18950; 

t3u were betin and brist Map 336 ; see 
usten. 

briisten, v., aA^.byrsta (^/<?.byrstr) ; f clothe 
with bristles; brust ase a bore P. S. 151 ; 
ibrusted (sec. text ibrustled) mid golde La^ 
3639. 

briistle, sb.,=-^.Z?i^.borstel; bristle; brustel 
K. T. 777; brustile, bristile, burstil ^seta* 
PR. P. 52 ; bristile TowNL. 100 ; brustelis 
(pi.) Alis. 6621 ; brustles, bristles, berstles 
Ch. C. t. ^556; bristles Trev. II. 217; 
brostles Bev. 748. 

brtifltlien, v., bristle ; bristled (pple.) Aus. 
5722; |>e bristlede boor Ch. Boet. iv, 7 



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96 



brustlien. 



bujen. 



(148) ; iburatled (ibrustled) mid stele La), 

16095. 
bnistlieny v., clattery clash : and bruatle}' 

(fires,) as a monkes froise Gow. II. 93 ; 

bruatleden sceldes Laj. 20143. 
brusure, sb., 0,Fr, brisure; bruise^ breach^ 

Will. 2461 ; Wicl. lev. xx\v. 20 ; brissure 

^qvassatio' PR. P. 52 ; brosure WiCX. 2 Es. 

VI. I. 

Briit, pr. n., 0,E, Bryt ; Briton^ Laj. 6401 ; 

Brutten( dat,fil.) 7360. 
Brut-lond, pr. n., Britain^ Laj. 2194. 
Briit-liodeiiy pr. n. (//.) British natioriy 

Laj. 14626. 
Brfitaine, Britame, pr. n., Fr, Bretagne; 

Britainy Laj. 1395. 
briitel) adj.,y^^/« O.E, breotan= OJ^, briota ; 

brittle, Trev. IV. 91 ; bnitel, britel Gow. I. 

33 (Halliw. 215); brutel, britel, brotel 

Langl. B viii. 42 ; brutel, brotel Ch. C. T. 

E 1279; britil, brotil WiCL. 2 COR. iv. 7; 

brotel Shor. 5 ; ayenb. 129. 
brotel-hede, sh,, frailty, ayenb. 130. 
brutelnesse, sb., brittleness, Trev. II. 219 ; 

Ch. C. t. iE'1279. 
Briitene^ pr. n., O.E. Bryten, Breoten; 

Britain ; Brutenne, Bruttene Laj. 2509, 

7130; on Breotene frag. 5. 
Bnitinery sb., inhabitant of Brittany, Langl. 

u4 vii. 142; britoner ^ vi. 178; britonere 

^vi. 156. 
BriitisCy adj., 0,E. Brytisc; British, Laj. 

6318. 
briltlen, v.,=brutnen, cf Sc. brittle; hew 

in pieces : seint Thomas wes biscop', and 

barunes him qvolde \ heo briitlede {firet,) 
. him MISC. 92. 
bnitnen, v., cf Swed, biytning {fracture)-, 

f for brutten ; break ufi, divide, hew in pieces; 

bruttene Will. 1133 ; brittene Hav. 2700; 

D. Arth. 963 ; briitned (firet,) Will. 1073 ; 

bretinid Halliw. 210 ; britned (fifile,) Orm. 

1 41 78 ; britned, brittened Gaw. 2, 680 ; comp, 

for-, to-bnitnen. 
brutten^ v., 0,E. (for-, to)bryttan, brittan, 

0J^> brytja ; breeds in pieces : J)e dede bodi 

{ei britten Man. (H.) 244 ; cotnp. for-, to- 
iriitten. 
Briitim, pr. n., Fr. Breton ; a Briton \ brutdnB 

(pi.) LA3. 1958. 
{bru)>en9 sb., 0,E, bry¥en, from br§owen ; 
act of brewing^ 

bru]>en-led, sb., brewing'lead, r. S. v (misc. 
182). 
"bruwe, sb., fO,E, bru, bruw {pL brua,bruwa), 
voc. 42, 64, 282 ; brow, hto{}ji)Q* sufiercilium* 
voc. 179, 183 ; PR. P. 53 ; B. DISC. 883 ; 
br&wen (fil,) Laj. 22283 ; bruwes HOM. II. 
213; bro(u)wen SPEC 39; brouwes K. T. 
417; MISC. 225; (ms. browes) spec 34;. 



Tor. 1454; brues, broues C M. 8079; brodes 
rel. I. 54 ; bro(u)wen {dat.pL) Brd. 19. 

buo, sb., 0,E, huc,= OX,G. buc, O.M bukr, 
OM,G. buh, puch; belly, paunch, botfy, 
FRAG. 6; Jul. 71 ; O. & N. 1132; a bouk of 
a motoun Man. (H.) 174; bOkea (gen,) 
REL. I. 218 ; bOke (dat,) HOM. I. 25 ; A. R. 
134 ; bouke Ch. C. t. A 2746 ; boukes (pi,) 
Alis. 3946; btiken (dat, pi.) LA3. 17319. 

buoohed (Pbuoohed)^ adj., ?=biocbed ; arfa 
ich was . . . and neh dun fallen, and mine fan 
derve swa bucched and swa kene HOM. 1. 277. 

bucke, sb., 0,E, bucc, bucca, cf, O.N, bukkr, 
0,H,G. poch, boch ; buck, he-goat, A. R. 100; 
bucke, bukke Ch. C. t. B 1946; bukke Trev. 
I- 339; Man. (F.) 15749; bucc Orm. 1140; 
buokes (gen.) buckes [bukkes) horn Ch. C.t. 
-^3387; buckes (pi.) HOM. II. 37; bukkes 
Orm. 1330; comp, goot-, rft-bukke. 

Bu(o)kingham, pr. n., 0,E. Buccinga ham; 
Buckingham, MISC 146. 

budde, sb., bud, ^gemma^ pr. p. 54 ; Pall. 
iii. 1 144; buddis \pl.) LiDG. M. P. 217, 

buddiin, v., bud, ^ gemmo^ PR. p. 54. 

bude, sb., weevil, ^polumita,* VOC 255 ; boude 
^gurgulio ' PR. p. 46 ; comp, soham-bude. 

biidel, sb., a^". bydel,= a/^.a butil;>£?w 
beoden; beadle, HOM. I. 117; Kath. 1928; 
o. & N. 1169; SPEC 22; bidel Orm. 97; 
budul Langl. A ii. ^^ ; bedel Langl. B il 
109 ; Lk. xii. 58 ; WiCL. GEN. xii. 43 ; budelee 
(gen,) HOM. I. 99; budeles (pi.) Jul. 17; 
P. S. 151 ; bedeles hom. I. 237 ; ayenb. 37. 

bueiiy see bdon. 

buen, v., 0,N, bua (pfile, buinn), 0,L,G, buan, 
0,H,G. puan, buan, buwan, Goth, bauan; 
bOn (fifile,), cfprov.Eng, boun ; recuiy, pre- 
pared, Orm. 523; c M. 14992; boun spec 
100; Will. 1138; Jos. 461; Man. (F.) 
4766 ; Tor. 2044 ; Egl. 583 ; sche was boun 
to goon Ch. C. t. -^1503; see buskan; 
contp, ^e-bHen ; deriv. bur, bi, biggen. 

bueren, see b^ren. bufen, see biuven, 

buffarcU sb., f fool, Lidg. m. p. 32. 

buffe, sb., blow, buffet, AV. Arth. iv. 

buffen, v., cf, L,Ger, buffen, Du, bofien; 
stutter', bofflng (pple,) Rob. 414 ; see pufEbn. 
buffere, sb., stutterer: of bufferea (pi,) 
^balborum' WiCU Is. xxxil 4. 

buffet, sb., 0,Fr. buffet, modEng. buffet; 
blow with the hand; a sort of stool, A. R. 
182 ; Will. 4700 ; pr. c 5203 ; buffat, boffat 
WiCL. John xviii. 22 ; buffet, boffet * alapa, 
tripes* PR. P. 41, 54, 55 ; buffetes boffetes 
(pi,) C L. 1 148. 

buffetin, v., 0,Fr. buffetcr; buffet, ^ alapo,^ 
PR. P. 54 ; buffetede, buffeted (pret.) Langl. 
^ vi. 178 ; buffeteden a. r. 106. 
bufTetunge, sb., buffeting, hom. I. 207. 

bu^en, v., 0.E, hugan,^MJ)u. buigben, Goth, 



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btljen. 



bule* 



92 



bhigaAy OJI.G. piugan, O.N. biuga» Zo/. 
fug^re, Gr. <^vyccy, mocLEng. bow ; bend^ 
turriy turn asidey bow ; to godes bord bugen 
(go) HOBf. II. 92 ; bujen [boujen] ut of telde 
La> 5386; )>e him buwen [bouwe] wolden 
3709 ; bu^hen Orm. 6627 ; ^ef ]hi niilt to ure 
wil buhen {submit) & beien JUL. 27 ; buwen 
A. R. 22 ; bouje AYENB. 8 ; he sal boujghe 
him [^inciinadtt se^'\ PS. ix. 31 ; to bo we into 
J>ebent Degr. 55 ; bawe (pres,) HOM. 1. 191 ; 
buliS [0.E, byh^ A. R. 266 ; buh)) MISC. 96 ; 
bouwefc a L. 1305 ; bouwes Jos. 571 ; Will. 
948 ; hco buheS to him Kath. 365 ; btih 
(imper.) Marh. 20; buh from uvele [^de- 
clina a mala'] HOM. L 117; bouj AYENB. 
194; boweth Langl. B v. C75 ; bOhe 
(sybj.) Kath. 1484; bOinde (jbi/e,) a. r. 
18 ; b§<^ (pret.) AYENB. 239 ; beah TUL. 77 ; 
beh, bxh La^ 4745» 15740; ^a beh (bent) ha 
be swire Marh. 22 ; and beh him to me over 
Dord SPEC 54 ; ich beih to J>e deofle A. R. 
304 ; beij, beih c L. 358 ; beij Al. (T.) 433 ; 
bei REL. II. 276 ; bxh Orm. 8961 ; bij^en 
(pret.pL) La^. 24683 ; bu^n to fulehte HOM. 
L 91 ; bojen aVenB. 84 ; GaW. 2077 ; biihe 
(subj.) Kath. 2400* ; comp, a-, an-, bi-, for-, 
^b&3en; deriv, b4a^ bejen, bijels, bijt, 
bo)e,bo^ 

bou^inge, sb., bending^ aYenb. 153, 
b^en, see be^exu 

bngge, sb., / Welsh bwg ; bugbear^ spectrey PR. 
P. 55. 

b^en, v., O.E, bycgan, bicgan,fc=d?X(7. 
buggean, Goth, bugjan; bu^y HOM. I. 163; 
Kath. 1633 ; a. R. 208 ; o. & n. 1368 ; an. 
UT. 9; bugge C. L. II 12; beggen Lk. ix. 
13; Angl. I. 10; btggen Orm. 15793; 
bnggcn [bigge, beggin] Langl. A iv. 76 ; 
bigge Aus. 5494 ; P. 4i ; E. G. 353 ; bigge, 
b^e Trev. II. 19; bigge, bie WICL. gen. 
^ \h 57 ; begge ayenb. 23 ; bigen GEN. 
& EX. 2166 ; buie P. L. S. xxv. 49 ; bien, bie 
PS. cxxix. 8; bien, beie Ch. C. T. C1246, 
C845; bie HOCCL. iii. 31 ; beie Hay. 53; 
OcTov. (W.) 388; bihS (pres,) hom. II. 157 ; 
bu% a. r. 148 ; bu)> hom. I. 185 ; misc 63 ; 
bui|> h. h. 85 ; bei^ Angl. I. 15 ; bai^ 
AYENB. 23 ; (jie) bugge)) HOM. I. 185 ; beje 
John xiii. 29 ; (heo) bugged A. R. 190 ; big- 
ge|> PL. CR. 360 ; buje (imper.) La^. 30810; 
bugge [bigge] (subj,) La?. 3556; bohte 
(pret,) LA3. 4799; (ms. bohhte) Orm. 711 ; 
bojte ayEnb. 133; bou^te WiCL. gen. xxv. 
10; bohtest SPEC 58; bouhten A. R. 362; P. s. 
339; boht (ppie.) H. H. 97; boght Octav. 
(H.) 589 ; comp. a-, fbr-, je-buggen. 
buggere, sb., buyer \ biggere, beggere HOM. 
IL 213; biggere E. G. 355 ; buggarea (pL) 
LEB. JES. 856 ; biggeres Mand. 86 ; comp, 
Umd-^buggere. 

buggunge, sb., O.E. bycgung ; buying^ A. R. 
362; bugginge [r. r. bigginge] Langl. £ 



xix. 230; begginge AYENB. 38; biing (fT« 

demption) PS. cxxix. 7. 
bugily sb., O.Fr. bugle; the plant called 

bugUf Lidg. m. p. 199 ; bugle voa (W. W*) 

554. 
bugle, sb., OJ^r, bugle, Lot. buculus, prov. 

Eng, bugle; young Ml j' buffalo; ^ bubalus* 

PR. P. 55 ; WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 5 ; bugell« 

(bugle-horn) ToR. 142; bOgles (pi.) Aus, 

51 12; Mand. 269. 
bfLgle^hom, sb., Alis. 5282 ; Ch. C. t. F 

1353. 
buh-Biiin* adj., fO.E. buhsum,=sZ>tr. buig« 

laam, Ger. biegsam, modEng. buxom ; Jrotn 

stem ^bf^en ; flexible^ obedtenty HOM. I. 57 ; 

Kath. 1805; a. r. 356; Orm. 6176; misq 

139 ; buxum gen. & EX. 980 ; buxom Will. 

3085 ; buxome Langl. ^ i. i id ; Flor. 1725 ; 

M. H. 62 ; comp, un-btlhsum. 
b1i}isum**liohe, adv., obecUentfyy hom. I. 

215 ; buxomelich LANGL.^xii. 114 ; buxomla 

Mand. 82 ; buxumli Hoccl. vi. 52. 
btihsumnesse, sb., hom. L 73 ; H. M. 41 \ 

buxumnesse * obedientia * PR. P. 57. 
bnilden, see bulden. bnile, see bule. 

btiine, sb., fpurchascy buying; J»auh dcn- 

nesse ne beo nout buine [bune] Vnon 

ematur'] A. R. 368; wi^uten bune (v. t. 

buggunge) 362*; wi]>uten bune hom. I* 

185. 
biiiBt, see boiate. bnistoiis, see boistotui* 
bnket, see boket. bul, see boL 
bill, bule, sb., O.Fr, boul ; f/alsehoody & M. 

21270. 

buloh, see bulke. 
bulohin, sb., diminul. ^bule; young bult^ 

Man. (H.) 174. 
biild, sb., house; bild Halliw. 175 ; PL. CR. 

157; bilde (dot:) A. P. \. 962; biildes (//.) 

^aedificia' TreV. H. 71. 
biilden, v., 0.E, byldan; buildy Laj. 2656; 

Kath. 1657; builden Langl. ^xii. 228; 

bilden [bulden, builden] Ch. C. t. D \f)77 ; 

bulde Fer. 2377 ; bilde lud. Coy. 20 ; belden 

PL. CR. 706; belde TrisT. 2810; Man. (H.) 

135 ; to belde (live) and to bide in blisse D. 

Arth. 8 ; biUde (pret,) LA5. 29218 ; Roa 

21 ; Trey. IL 75 ; bUded (pple,) Mand. 

58 ; ibiild Fl. & Bl. 643 ; fi bur is sone 

ibuld R. S. Y. 
bulldinge, sb., buildings Trev. I. 19; a 

buiidinge heo was leb. Jes. 871; bildinge, 

beldingc * aedificatio * PR. P. 30 ; beldinge PL. 

CR. 501 ; beldmg Gener. 244. 
btilder-ston, sb., = Swed. buUersten ; boulder^ 

stoncy Hay. 1790. 
btde, sb., = MX.G. bulle, M.Du. bulle, boUe, 

OJV, boli; bully Orm. 990; bulle Uaurus^ 

YOC. 187; bole Uaurus' VOC. 177; PR. P. 



43; Hay. 2438; Trey. VIL 445; Man* 



H 



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Google 



98 



bule. 



burble^. 



<F.) 478; bule (gen,) : anes bule bade LA5 
14187 ; bide {pi,) Kath. 61 ; bules, boles 
PS. xlix. 13 ; boles Langl. ^xi. 333 ; Ch. C. 



T. A2iZ9\ bulles WiCL. gen. xxxii. 15 ; boolis 
Heb. ix. 13. 

bole-h5de,sb.,^//-^V^,LA5. 141 87*; Brd. 
5 ; bolehide ROB. 116. 

t)file, sb., O.E. byl, = O.Fris. bel, M.L.G. 

bule, M,Du, buile, M.H.G, biule, prov.Eng. 

bile; boil; bile *gibbus^ VOC 207; * ulcus' 

367 ; ^pustula * PR. P. 36 ; beel WiCL. lev. 

xiii. 18* ; bula (//.) leechd. III. 84; bules 

\v, r, biles, belis, boilus] Langl. C xxiii. 84 ; 
. biles ' ulcera* WiCL. exod. ix. 9 ; beles ayenb. 

224. 
bulge, sb., O.Fr. boulge, bouge, cf, mod,Eng. 

bulge, bilge; bag; swelling j bubble^ Iw. 

263 ; bouge * bulga » PR. p. 46 ; bouge * uler^ 

WiCL. PS. bcxvii. 13 ; ^ gibbus^ LEV. xxi. 20* ; 

boge Man. (F.) 11197; bulges (//.) Trev. 

VII. 385 ; comp, water-bulge, 
bulgit, adj., f bulged", they com . . . with 

bolgit schipis REL. II. 24. 
biili, see bell. 

bulke, sb., OJV. bulki, cf, ntod.Eng, bulk; 
- heap, hump ; bolke * cumulus ' PR. p. 43 ; 

bowk grail xxviii. 189 ; bulohes (^/.) humps 

Map 338. 
bulken, v., strike, beat ; on her brestes gon 

thei bulk (pres.) c M. 18511. 
bnlle, sb., Lat, bulla ; bull (episcopal or papal), 

Rob. 473 ; AYENB. 62 ; Langl. A prol. 66. 
buUoke, sb., 0,E. buUuc; bullock, 'buculus,' 

VOC. 177; bulluc A. s. 4; bullok PR. p. 

55. 
t>ulten, v,,^Swed. bulta (?=pulten); knock, 

A. R. 366* ; boltid (pret,) WiNT. ix. viii. 

162 ; bult D. Troy 7476. 
bulten, v., 0,Fr. buleter, Ital. burattare ; bolt 

(sift) meal\ bulte PR. P. 55 ; Ch. C. T. B 4430 ; 

bulted (ppu:) brsed Orm. 992 ; bulled flour 

LiDG. M. p. 98. 

bultlnge, sb., bolting, sifting, PR. p. 55. 
Ibumbin, bummin, v., = Ger. bummen, 

Du, bommen ; hum, make a booming sound, 

* bombizo, bombilo^ PR. p. 55 ; bumbith 

(pres,) : as a bitor bumbith (v, r. bumblij)) 

Ch. C. t. D 972 ; bomme)> (dritiks) Langl. 

A\\\. 139; bummede (pret.) Langl. Aw. 

137 ; bummed B v. 223. 

bumblen^ y.,^Swed, bumbla, bumla (Rietz 
65) ; bumble : as a bitor bumbll{> [bumlej>, 
bombleth] (pres.) in be mire Ch. C. t. D 972 
(Wr.6554). ^ ^ 

bfime, see beme. 

biinohe, sb., hump ; bunches (pi.) Map 344. 

bunohon, v., = Du. bonken ; beat, strike, 
Uundo,' PR. p. 55 ; fei bonchen (pres.) beire 
bre§tis Haluw. 194; bonobede (pret.) 



LANGL. A PROL. 71 ; bonched [v. r. bunched^] 
B PROL. 74. 

bundel, sb., cf MJOu. bundel ; from binden ; 
bundle, ^fasciculus,* PR. P. 55 ; WiCL. S. SOL 
i. 12 ; JER. ii. 32 ; bundels (pi.) misc. 212. 

bunOy sb., O.E. bune ; hollow stem ; red(c) 
bunne ^ calamus^ PR. p. 55; he nim)> verst 
his pricke and his bonne (f printed boune) 
AYENB. 150; voiding of bunii (f barrels) (pL) 
Halhw. 219 ; a deed sparcle of bonis (ether 
of herdis of flex) ['favilla stuppae'\ WiCL. 
Is. i. 31. 

bune, see buine. 

[buneiiy v., comp. to-bunen.] 

bunge, sb., bung, * lura,' pr. p. 55. 

bunne, sb., bun, 'placenta,* pr. p. 55 ; b. B. 

130; bonn(e)8 (pi.) n. p. id. 
bunne, see bune o^^bounde. 
bxmsen, v., cf. L.Ger. bunsen, Du. bonzen, 

mod.Eng. bounce; knock, beat, a. r. 188; 

tundere ]>at is bete and bounse Trev. I. 281. 

bunt» sb., bunt ; the bunt of the saile Haluw, 
219. 

bunten, v.,?=bulten; fsift, bolt\ bonteb 
(pres.) J)et mele ayenb. 93. 

biinting, sb., bunting (a bird), 'pratellus,* PR, 
P. 56 ; bounting SPEa 40. 

biir, sb., O.N. byrr (gen. byrjar), m.y impetus, 
strong wind, speed, Gaw. 290 ; A. P. iii. 148 ; 
bir M. n.page xvii : to him he stirt wi|) bir ful 
grim Iw. 1661 ; blre (dot.) Alex. 711 ; bcr^ 
Flor. 659; wij) bure 'cum impetu* WiCL. 
Judith xiv. 2. 

bur, sb., O.E., O.N. bur n.^O.H.G. pur, bur, 
m.; from buen ; bower (ladfs room), A. R. 
34 ; Marh. 21 ; R. s. v (misc. 178) ; ^ bur 
O. & N. 958 ; aenne bur LA3. 29218 ; hour 
Hav. 2072 ; H. H. 32 ; bor a. p. i. 963 ; bOres 
(gen) o. & N. 652; bures [boures] La^. 
^1062; boures Ch. C. t. A ^367 ; bfire 
(dat.) Orm. 3323; Horn (L.) 286; boure 
AYENB. 226; Will. 1760; Gaw. 853; in 
boure ant in halle P. s. 193; boure (pi.) 
Fl. & Bl. (H.) 66o*; bures Laj. 5982; 
bouren (dat.pl.) La^. 2025. 

bur-oniht, sb., bower-servant, Laj. 1896a 

btir-maiden, sb., bower-maiden, pr. p. 56 ; 
bourmaiden rel. II. 175. 

bar-t5ein,sb., (^.£'. bur))egn ; bower-servant^ 
chamberlain', bur^eine Laj. X5357; burh- 
}>eme8 (//.) 13716. 

bUr-wardy sb., guardian of the chamber^ 
Laj. 19176. 

bour-womauy sb., maid, WiCL. s. w. II. 9. 

biir, sb., O.E. (ge)bur, = O.H.G. bur, mod. 

Eng. boor ; husbandman ; ? beuir REL. 1. 187 ; 

Pbouer LiDG. M. p. 192 ; comp. ^e-btlr. 

burble, burbuUe, sb., bubbU, 'bulla; PR. p. 

56 \ burbels (pi.) s. a. l. 168, 



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bnrblon. 

bnrblon, burbelin, v., cf. Span, borbollar; 

bubbliy PR. p. 56 ; burbeUt {pret,) D. Troy 

3697. 

buroh, see bui^. biird» see bord. 
borde, sb. (f 0,E. byrdu, fern. <7/"byrdc, ^0/ 

high rank ') ; lady^ maiden, Laj. 1927 i ; MaRH. 

17; Will. 683; Gaw. 752; buirde c. l. 

863 ; P. L. S. XXX. 41 ; K. T. 374 ; buirde 

Langl. a iii. 14 ; bcrde Civ. 15 ; birde Perc. 

1289; berde Degr. 759; beerde H. v. 13; 

buide (gen.pL) Mark. 21. 

[buide^ adj. ; comp. l>61e-bupde.] 
borde, see biirVe. 

burdon, sb., Lot, burdo ; mule ; burddnes 

(pi,) (earlier ver. burdowns) WiCL. 4 KINGS 

V. 17. 

burdon*, sb., OJFr. bourdon ; hok stud, PR. 

P. 56. 

bnrddn% sb., pilgrim's staff; staff-, burdon 

Horn (L.) 1061 ; bordonBEV. 2063 ; bordon 

[burdoun, bordon] Langl. .4 vi. 8 ; p. s. 150 ; 

(»M. burdowne) Wint. viii. xxviii. 56. 

burdon*, sb., OJ^r, bourdon, bordon, mod, 

Eng. burden (of a song) ; bourdon,undersong ; 
burdoun [bordoun] Ch. C. t. A 673. 

boreh, i«f bnr^ 

bnrel, sb., O.Fr. burel ; a coarse woollen stuff, 

P. S. 221 ; borel clerke (lay- clerk) Gow. I. 5 ; 

borel man (plain man) Ch. C. t. (W.) i 1028 ; 

borel men (laymen) 13691 ; )>anne sbal borel 

h [burd] derkes ben abascbed Langl. ^x. 286. 

bu^ bnreh, sb., 0,E, burg, burh, buruh, 
^uX,G, burg, 0,H.G» burg,purg, 0,N. borg, 
Goik, baurgs /. (ir^Xir), mod£ng, borough ; 

fort, castle, borough; burrow ; o. & N. 766 ; 
buq, boruj L. H. R. 54; burj, borj Gaw. 
2, 259 ; burg GEN. & EX. 1 837 ; burh Kath. 46 ; 
ORM.7262; ane he^ burh [bor^] Las. 218; 
j»as burh [borh] 6050 ; Jier he (the boar) burh 
nafve% ichosen 12312; burch Sax. CHR. 
249; HOM. L 225 ; burgh Aus. 2056 ; ISUM. 
U7; buruh ^urbs^ FRAG. 4; HOM. L 93; 
DOTuh wY^ten wal A. R. 74; of j^ere buruh 
54; borj, boru ROB. 47, 72; bourgh Gow. L 
30; Lincolne l^e gode boru Hav. 773 (spelt 
borwr 847); burwj pL. CR. 118; burwhe 
PR* P. 56; buri HOM. L 253; buregh, 
\0£, byrig] (dot) HOM. IL pi, 33; burei 
Fl.& Bl. 213 ; buri frag. 4 ; beri (ms, bery) 
Mat. xxiii. 34 ; bin gen. & ex. 2257 ; 
birie hom. L 225 ; burje, burhe, burie 
[borwc, borewe] LA5. 293, 2168, 3553, 4264, 
9888; burie REL. L 182; bureh, burewe 
*osc. 39, 55; borghe Langl. By\, 308; 
borwe Will. 1889 ; bflrh, \p,E. byrig] (//.) 
HOM. L 13 ; burh, buri^e, burbles [borewes] 
La^ 2657, 9928, 15364; buries Orm. 6982 ; 
burghes Ch. C. T. DZ^o\ bourghes LiDG. 
M. P. 210 ; burgan» burgen (dat, pi.) Mat. 
a. I, xiv. 13; bur^n [borewe] Laj, 6165; 
comp, hAfisd-, kine-, mdder^biirh. 
buri-bold, sh., palace, Kath. 440^ 

t H 



b1ir36n« 



99 



buroh-briche, sb., 0,E, burg-, burh-, buruh- 
bryce, -brice ; * quite deforfesture^ rel. L 33 ; 
burghbreche Trev. IL 95. 

burh-onave, sb., town lcui\ burhonaven 
[borhcnaves] (pL) Laj. 15555. 

biirh-folo, sb., borough folk, LA3. 9758 ; 
HOM. IL 89. 

biirh-^t, sb., 0,E, burhgeat ; castle gate, 
Laj. 17670; Kath. 1679. 

buph-mon, sb., 0,E, burhman ; townsman, 
Laj. 1 2441 ; buruhmon A. R. 350. 

borgh-mdty sb., meeting of burgesses, E. G. 
350. 

burh-rGve, sb., 0,E. burhgerefa; town 
reeve, Kath. 1927. 

btu^-touiiy sb., O.E. burhtun: fortified 
town, WiCL. Josh. vii. 2 ; borwton morwtoun, 
burghtoun, boi3town] Langl. civ. 112; 
bui3hes tun Orm. 6538. 

burh- wal, sb., 0.E, burhweall ; town wall, 
La^ 22091. 

biirh-ware,sb. (collective), O.^.burgwaru/y 
town dwellers, ' civile^,* Mat. xxi. 10 j burh- 
weren [borhmen] La}. 28368; burjeweren 
28392. 

burgSg^, sb., 0,Fr, burgage, bourgage (heri- 
tage roturier dans un bourg) ; burgage ; 
borgitges (pL) Langl. A iii. jy, 

burgeiB, sb., O.Fr, burgeis ; burgess, Fl. ^ 
Bl. 115; Will. 1889; bourgeis Rob. 479; 
bor]|eis ayenb. 162 ; burgeis (//.) Langl. 
A iii. 150; burjas (ms. buriase) MiN. v. 
15; burges [burgeises] (magistrates) C M. 
16060. 

biirjelB, sb., 0,E. hyrgt\s,=^ O.L.G, burgisli; 
tomb, sepulchre', buriels c L. 1284; Trev. 
V. 153; an buriels al niwe imad ROB. 
204; buriles * sepulcrum' FRAG. 4; buryles 
MISC. 53 ; burieles Langl. B xix. 142 [bunels, 
Cxxii. 146]; biriels Man. (F.) 9026; beriels 
^se fulcrum* voc 178 ; berieles AYENB. 228 ; 
bingeles GEN. & EX. 2474 ; biriel, beriel 
^sepukrum, tumulus* PR. P. 37 ; beriel S. s. 
(Wr.) 2561. 

bilr^liy sb., 0,E, byrgen, byrigen; tomb\ 
benen hom. I. 241 ; beregen John xix. 41 ; 
buriene (dot.) HOM. I. iii ; beriene, bere- 
gene (dat. pi,) Mat. viii. 28, xxiii. 27 ; beri- 
enne, berigenne John xi. 38, xx. i. 

biir^en *, v., 0,E, byrgan, byri^an ; bury ; 
burien (? burden) Laj. 27872 ; berien, berigen 
Lk. ix. 59, 60 ; bir^en (ms, birnenn) Orm. 
15254; birien gen. a ex. 2424; biriin, beriin 
* sepelio ' PR. P. 36 ; burie [buri^e, berie] Rob. 
252 ; birie P.s. 197; WiCL. John xix. 40; berie 
Ch. C. t. C884 ; Egl. 488 ; to buriene (ger- 
und) HOM. 1. 37 ; biirie (imper,) Alis. 4628 ; 
birie S. S. (Wr.) 1257 ; buriede (pret.) HOM. 
I. 93; Horn (R.) 906; Rob. 50; burede 
Bek. 9219 ; bureden Laj. 19822 ; buried 

Jigitized by VjOOQIC 



lOO 



btkr^en. 



{pple.) Langl. 5xi. 66; beried Mand. 15; 
comp. bi-, ^e-biirjen. 

burier, sb., one who buries \ birters (//.) 
WiCL. Ez. xxxix. 1 5. 

buryinge, biiri^g, sb., burying^ P. L. S. 
XXV. 80. 

biir^en ', v., ? = O.Fris, burgia, M,H.G. biirgen ; 
protect', to burjen him seolven LA5. 21268; 
burege hom. II. 191 ; burhen Jul. 26 ; to 
burewen ham wi)) j^e frag. 7 ; buruwen from 

tis deofles botte A. R. 366 ; burwe Hav. 2870 ; 
ure^e (pres. subj\) HOM. I. 25 ; comp. 
^e-biir^en. 

burgesiey sb., 0,Fr. borgesie ; citizenship', 
borgesie ayenb. 161. 

burgoize, sb., O.Fr, borgeise ; wife of a bur- 
gess, KN. T. 12. 

burh, see burj. buri, see biir^. 

biirien, see burden. 

biirien, v., 0,E, (ge-)byrian, 0,N. byrja,= 
O.Z.(7.(gi-)burian,d.^.(7. (gi-)burren ; be due, 
beseem \ biirj? {pres,) an. lit. 4; ^uw bir^ 
understanden Orm. 89 ; bers M. H. 10 ; (hi) 
buriab frag, i ; burde (pret,) Gaw. 2278 ; 
A. P. 1. 316 ; burd Man. (H.) 76 ; als it birde 
Orm. 2472 ; fat birde wel to him ben grim 
Hav. 2761 ; him bird M. H. 17 ; comp, je- 
burien. 

[biiri^en, v., 0,E, byrigan, byrgean, byrgan, 
= O.N. bergja, taste ; comp. a-biiri^en.] 

biirinesse, sb., 0,E. (be-)byrigniss ; act of 
burying, HOM. I. 35 ; burinaesse [burinisse] 
Laj. 25852 ; berines D. Troy 4336. 

buijounen, v., 0,Fr. burjoner (bourgeonner) ; 

bourgeon, bud, WiCL. lev. xix. 23 ; buidoneJ>, 

[burgeounethj (/r.fj.) Langl. ^xv. 73 ; bur- 

gounende {pple) WiCL. wiSD. xix. 7. 

biujoningis, sb., pi., buds, Hamp. PS.-5I3. 

btirjoiin, sb., O.Fr, burjon {bourgeon) ; bud, 
(ms, burioun) C M. 10735 ; WiCL. s. W. III. 30. 

burle, sb., 0,Fr, ho\xt€i\ flock ofwool^ Mo- 
mentum,* PR. P. 56. 

burlen, v., burl: burle, * extuberarei cath. 48. 

burlen', \,,=L,Ger, burreln ; welter', bur- 
land (pple,) E. T. 99 ; Betres lai burling in 
hur blode Flor. 1639 ; see burblen. 

burliohy adj., mod,Eng. burly, cf 0,H,G, 
burllch ; tcUl, stately ; burli Perc. 269 ; burli, 
borli c. M. 8541 ; borlic REL. I. 222 ; borlich 
Angl. III. 280; Degr.759; )>i burliche bodi 
ant. Arth. xvi ; burliohe {pL) knightes D. 
Arth. 586. 

bum, see beom. 

burne, sb., 0,E, buma m, bume f (rivus), 
cf O.Fris, buma, Goth, brunna (iri^y^), OJL,G. 
brunno, 0,H,G, prunno, brunno, OJj, brunnr, 
m, (fons), prov.Eng, bum ; brook, streamlet, 
O. & N. 918; REL. I. I ; bume, home Man. 
(F.) 8164; c. M. 8964; home Gaw. 731; 
bourne (gen,) Langl. A prol. 8 ; homes 
B PROL. 8 ; bournes {pi,) Flor. 609. 



. bfirVend. 

biirne, sb.,for burVene ; load, bundle, Barb. 

LEG. II. 82 ; Chest. 1. 65. 
bume, see brunie. 
bumen, v., OJ^r, bumir ; burnish ; bomilh 

{pres,) Ch. Tro. i. 327 ; burned (pple,) 

Gow. II. 231 ; Ch. C. t. A 1983. 
bumesh, y,,prov, Eng,h2cm\sh\ grow plump, 

Gener. 780 ; bamish Earth, {in n. E. d.}. 
bumet, adj. & sb., Fr, brunet ; brown, brown 

cloth, PR. P. 56; HOM. II. 163; REL, II. I08, 

19 ; bumettes (//.) R. R. 226. 

bumissen, v., <9./r. bumir, bumiss-; burnish', 
bumist {pple,) Barb. viii. 225 ; a. p. ii. 1085; 
Gaw. 212 ; bomist a. p. ii. 554 ; bumeisshed 
P. R. L. p. 102 ; bright bornished gold GUIL.* 
v. 5 ; bomiste A. P. i. 220. 
bomlBhour, sb., burnisher, VOC. (W. W.) 
604. 

'bJ}srref^,,^Swed, burre,borre m., Dan,hom\ 
bur, * lappay PR. P. 56 ; Ar. & Mer. 8290. 

burst, bursten, see brust, brusten. 

[bursten ? v. ; comp, an-, ^e-bursten.] 

burton, v., fO.Fr. borter; butt {with the 
horns), strike, * arieto,* PR, P. 56 ; ^ mastes 
fiaste to gidere burte {Pret.) Man. (F.) 4626. 

bur-tre (P biir-tre), sb., bur-tree, elder^ 'sam- 
bucus,' VOC. 228 ; CATH. 49 ; Halliw. 221. 

biirSe, sb., O.E, {ge-)hyTd,= O.Fris, berde, 
berthe, 0,L,G, (ge-)burd, 0,II,G, hurt, Goth, 
(ga-)baur))s/y from b6ren ; birth, race, nation, 
nature, HOM. 1. 273 ; bui^, burde Kath. 84 ; 
burde, bur^e A. R. 158; athalt hire bui^ 
{nature) H. M. 13 ; burde, bur))e HOM. II. 47 ; 
)« burbe {fruit) ^at fou beere L. H. R. i^S ; 
firme bii^e gen. & ex. 1484; Rachel non 
birSenenam 1697; bir|>e Gow. IL ^6\ Ch. 
C. T. ^ 192 ; WiCL. John ix. i ; fat was of 
hire kin & al of hire birde ORM. 2052 ; birthes 
[* nationes '] PS. cv. 27. 
burtSe-, burde-bold, sb., ancestral mansion, 
Kath. 140. 

burS-lad, sb., 0,E. gebyrdtld ; nativity, 
HOM. I. 277 ; (bu)rdtid FRAG. 5. 

bur)>-tiine, sb., time of birth, leg. 75 ; 
birdetime REL. I. 211. 

biirSel, adj., f fertile ; ilc bii^el tre GEN. & 
ex. 119. 

btirSen, v., fbe bom ; bir^en gen. & EX. 1471. 

biirSene, sb., O.E, byr¥en,=0.Z.(7. burthin- 
nia,!^ O.H.G.^UT^ln, h\xrd\n,mod,Eng. burden ; 
^om b^ren ; burden, load, birth, La^. 25970 ; 
one bui^ene A. R. 232; bur))ene c L. 958; 
bur)«n SPEa no ; Trev. 1. 73 ; bur^nc, ber- 
|)ene L. h. r. 56, 57; at on burdene {birth) 
GEN. & EX. 1467 ; birj^ene Hav. 807 ; birjien 
PS. xxxvii. 5 ; at oon birthen. (^/Wift) Trbv. 
1. 205 ; birdene Misc 12; ber^ne Mat. xi. 30; 
berdene John xvi. 33 ; berjjene WiCL. ECCLUS. 
xxxiii. 25 ; berdene MISC 34. 



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burner. 



buten. 



101 



biirSery sb., 0,E, byr^r ; bearing {of children) : 

i !« buriSeme (f for bui^re or bur¥ene) of 

beam H. M. 37. 
bum;, bumh, see bur;, 
biirwen, see biii36n. 
bus, v., 3 sing., see behofian ; // behoves^ c. 

M. 10639; bos 9870; boes \y. r. bihowes, 

bihove)>] Ch. C. t. A 4027 ; bud (pre/.) MiN. 

ix. 38 ; bove (subf) D. Troy 5115. 
bnsard, sb., O.Fr, busart; buzzard, Alis. 

3049 ; bosard PR. P. 45 ; bosarde R. R. 4033 ; 

busherd voc. 220. 
busch, busk, sb., = O.H,G, busc, M.H.G. 

busch,bosch,bosche, J/.Z?«.bosch, O./V.bosc, 

bosche, meddMt, boscus; bush, Will. 819, 

3069; h\xs^s.^dumus* PR. P. 56; GEN. & EX. 

2779; Gaw. 182 ; bosche Shor. 131 ; buache, 

bUBhe (dot,) Ch. C. t. .<4 1517 ; busse ayenb. 

28 ; boskee (//.) Rob. 547 ; buskes [busches] 

Langl. B xi. 336 ; bushes Mand. 115; buskes 

Perc 758. 
boschaile, sb., O.Fr, boschaille; ambush; 

busshaileGENER.'9i89; buscaileD.ARTH.895 ; 

buskaile 1634 ; boschaile OCTOV. (W.) 1607. 
bosohel, sb., O.Fr, buissel, boissel; bushel, 

P. 30 ; buschel, bushel Ch. C. t. A 4093 ; bui- 

schcl, boischel WiCL. Lk. xi. 33. 
buschen, v., place in ambush j lie in watt ; 

busfce YoRKxiii. 8 ; buaaed (pple.) Man. (H.) 

187; buaket (preL) D. Troy 1168. 
bQjBChen', v., / make bushy ; ibusohed {pple,) 

wif jjornes Man. (F.) 9194. 
busohlii^, sb., training on bushes ; bosshing 

Pall. xi. 33. 
busehen', v., }^M.H,G. buschen, M.Du, bui- 

schcn; strike, beat ; but with the head; rush; 

gushout', buschen on felde Will. 173 ; busche 

Triv. II. 191 ; biuehed {pret,) A. P. iii. 143 ; 

bosshet D. Troy 1x120. 

bnsahinge, sb., striking, dep. R. i. 99. 
boschi, adj., bushy, busshi WiCL. Is. vii. 19. 
bB8i,adj., O.E. bys\g,^Af,L,G.,M.Du.hes\ch; 

busy, anxious, careful, WiLL. 588 ; busi, bisi, 

besi Ch. C. t. A 1491 ; bisi [busi] Laj. 2837 ; 

bisi a. r. 142 ; Marh. 16 ; C. l. 787 ; M. H. 

108; bisi, besi ^ assiduus, solicitus* PR. P. 

37 ; besi Gow. II. 42 ; Mand. 3 ; bisine 

(ace. m.) LA3. 10596 ; bisie {pi.) Laj. 19557 ; 

AYENB. 58 ; biac^Ture {compar.) A. R. 182 ; 

bisegaste {superl.) La). 10476. 

bisi-hMe, sh.,=jif.Du. besicheit ; industry, 

AYENB. 55 ; bisihed Alis. 3. 

biBi-liohe [biudliohe], k^y., busily, LA5. 4473; 

bisiliche A. R. 146 ; Shor. 55 ; besiliche Gow. 

11.43 ; busili Will. 650 ; bisiloker {compar.) 

W1CL.1PET. i.22; bi8lluke8t(j*<^^r/.) JUL.44. 

bisi-flohipe, sb., business, A. R. 384; besiship 
Gow. II. 39. 

biiflie, sb., O.E. bysigu, bisigu,bysgu ; labour, 
occupation ; besie D. Arth. 3630. 
Wii-vol, z^}.,full of business, ayenb. 226. 



busien, v., O.E. bysigan, bysgian, bisgian,= 
M.Du. beseghen; busy, occupy; be busy, 
bisien Ch. Boet. i. 2 (8) ; besien Gow. II. 43 ; 
bisiede {pret.) * satagebat^ WiCL. Lk. x. 40 ; 
bisied Gaw. 89 ; bisled {pple.) PS. xxxix. 18. 
bisinesse, sb., business, ^ assiduitas, dili- 
gentia, solicitude^ PR. P. 37; SHOR. 92; 
AYENB. 56 ; PL. OR. 727 ; besinesse * diligentia' 
Trev. I. 5 ; Gow. II. 60. 

busk, see busoh. 

busken, v., O.N. buask {get oneself ready), 
mod.Eng. busk ; prepare; adorn ; buske Will. 
2210 ; buBke)> (pres.) P. L. S. xxx. 20 ; fe king 
boskes lettres Jos. 414 ; hue boske)) huem 
wij> botouns P. S. 239; btudte (imper.) \t 
forb to fare Egl. 348 ; buske)) [buske] 30U 
to fat bote Langl. ^ ix. 133 ; busked {pret.) 
Gaw. 141 1 ; bai busked andmaked hem boun 
Trist. 144 ; hit was bUBkid {pple.) above wi)> 
besauntus Degr. 1427. 
busking, sb., fitting out, setting out ; c. M. 
3245 ; bosking Trist. 92. 

busse, sb., O.Fr. busse, cf. O.E. butsa-carlas 
{boatmen) Sax. chr. 201 ; a kind of boat, 
Man. (F.) 187 ; Man. (H.) 169. 

biiste, see boiste. 

biisten, v., f beat, bruise ; heated )>e & busteS 
{pres.) J>e H. M. 31 ; bah \>w me biiste (subj.) 
ant beate JUL. 24 ; otte |)ei him bete & buste 
(r. w. niste) Al. (L.*) 331 ; comp. to-busten. 

bustlen, v., wander blindly : busteling 
{sb.) for)) as bestes over valeies & hulles 
Langl. A vi. 4. 

but, sb., Fr. but, mod.Eng. butt; target, 
boundary ; * meta,* PR. P. 56 ; a but of lond 
^amseges' voc. 270; that might the ston to 
his but bring(e) OCTOV. (W.) 899. 

but', sb., act of ^ putting^ a stone. Hay. 
1040. 

buten, but, btlt, prep., adv., conj., O.E. 
beutan, butan, buton, bute,=0.Z.6^. biutan, 
bQtan, mod.Eng. but ; outside, without, ex- 
cept, unless, but : )if j^e wisa mon bi% butan 
gode wercan HOM. I. 109 ; buton ane treowe 
221 ; buten ende 147 ; bute {unless) he hine 
drive a wei 21 ; nawiht for ure ernunge bute 
{but) for his muchele mildheortnesse 19; 
buten wsestme [* sine fructu '] Mat. xiii. 22 ; 
buto [^nisi^^ xi. 27 ; bute John xix. 11 ; buten 
^ hefdest unifouh frag. 7; buten {v. r. 
wi'Sute) live Kath. 252; nis buten an god 
367 ; nefde ha bute iseid swa J)at al J>e eor¥e 
ne bigon to cwakien Marh. 19 ; et te laste 
vers buten an A. R. 20 ; \\s world nis buten a 
wei to heovene 150 ; buten leave 238 ; he ne 
mei no Jjing don us bute bi godes leave 230 ; 
beon buten [boute] Laj. 3749 ; buten [bote] 
Noe & Sem 23 ; bute mochelere ferde 3679 ; 
bute {sed) nele he . . . fe Evelin . . . bitaechen 
8263 ; nefede he boten (? bdten for bouten) 
anne sune 88 ', beute jif {unless) 26433 ; buten 



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I02 



butere. 



c&f. 



childre Orm. 304 ; but (ms. butt) if 45 ; bute 
neste outside the nest O. & N. 1386 ; bat ich 
bute anne craft ne can 794 ; bute (unless) fu 
wilie bet aginne ne schaltu bute schame iwinne 
1289 ; bute here 1790 ; bute lese wordes j>u me 
lenst 756 ; nowijt bote sorwe 884 ; non o^er 
wile ge . . v buten (sed) one go% & one sit 
MISC. 22 ; bute it were bi hire wille Hav. 85 ; 
fro londe woren he bote a mile 721 ; but 
if Will. 472 ; as schip boute mast 567 ; but 
Langl. B prol. 194 ; but what ben fles |>ingis 
a mong so mani{e) men WiCL. John vi. 9 ; 
but (j^et) Ch. C. T.A74; }>ei conne meche of 
holi writ but ))ei undirstonde it not Mand. 
136; beouten PL. CR. 651; bouten ende 
TREAT. 132; boute, bote Shor. 18, 40; bote 

^t |>ou me Wilekin bringe AN. lit. 12; 
ute gile SPEC 38 ; boute, bout, bot Gaw. 

361, 1285, 1782 ; boten P. s. 156; J>ou ne sselt 

habbe god bote me ayenb. 5 ; bot ISUM. 

1 50 ; ))er nas bot o wei Bek. 637 ; and was bot 

seven winter old s. S. (Wr.) 14; com/f. a-buten. 
butere, sb., 0,E. butere, Lat. butirum, /ram 

Gr, ^ovTvpov; Gutter, Sax. chr. 259; Hav. 

643 ; buttere GEN. & EX. 1014 ; buttire voc. 

198; butter, botere Wicl. GEN. xviii. 8; 

botere E. G. 356. 
buter-fli^e, sb., 0,E. buttorfleoge, c/. M,Du, 

botervlieghe ; butterfly ^ Fl. & Bl. 473 ; but- 

terflie Pall, iv.946 ; boterflie Ch. C.t. -5 3980. 
butle, sb.,^ OX,G.hyx\X\ (Forstem.namenb. 

II. 319); house\ buttle HOM. II. 185; j^^ betel, 
butte, sb., cf, L,Ger,y Swed, butte, Du, bot ; 

butt {kind offish)^ PR. P. 56 ; Hav. 759. 
biitte, sb., 0,E. bytt, O.N. bytta ; butt, wine- 

skiny cask, * uter, FRAG. 4; butte, bitte f uterus 

H. M. 35 ; bollen as a bitte (ms. bite, r. w, 

pite=pitte) Map 334; bit[*«//^r'] PS. cxviii. 

8j* ; biitta, betta, bitte (ms, bytte), bitton, 

bitten (pi,) Mat. ix. 17, Mk. ii. 22, Lk. v. 

37 ; bittes E. G. 382. 
butteiiy v., cf, Swed, butta, botta (Rietz 48), 

M,Du, botten, t M,H,G, butzen, modEng, 

butt; drive, thrust, Ar. & Mer. 5175; he 

bigan ... to stiren & to butten Orm. 2810 ; 

button ^pello' PR. P. 56; but (pple^) Hav. 

19 16 ; see putten. 

buttinge, sb., thrusting, tilting, Hav. 2322. 
buttok, sb., buttock, ^ nates,* voc. 183 ; PR. p. 

56 ; P. l. s. xvii. 163 ; Ch. C. t. A 3803 ; 

bottokes (//.) saints (Ld.) xlvi. 725. 
buveiiy see biuven. biivien, see bivien. 
buwen, see bi!^en. btbnim, see buhsum. 
by, see bi. 



eft, sb., cf. Dan, kaa, M,Du, ka, kae, 0,H,G, 
caha ; chough ; kaa voc. 188 ; coo, keo * mone- 
dula* PR. P. 84 ; see ch53e. 
oft-d&we, sb., jackdaw, * moneduia,* PR. p. 57. 

eabache, sb., cabbage, anc. cookery (1440), 
Caxt. vit. patr. (tn N. E. d.). 



eaban, sb., 0,Fr. caban, cabane; cabin, 
^ capana^ PR. P. 57; Langl. A\\\. 184; 
cabane D. Arth. 757. 

eabil, sb., f Lat, caballus; cf, oapel; horse, 
nag, (ms, cabylle) voc (W. W.) 697. 

cftble, sb., Fr, cable, late Lat, capulum ; cable, 
PR. P. 57 ; Gow. II. 142 ; cabille voc (W.W.) 
731 ; kftblen [cables] (//.) Laj. 1338. 

caboche, v., cut off the head of (a deer) dose 
behind the horns : ms, (1425) in N. E. D. 

eaeehen, ehdeen, v., 0,Fr, cachier, chader; 
catch, chase : jif he me mihte cacchen [cache] 
LA5. 3 1 501; cacche Will. 2266; caccbe, 
cache Ch. C. t. A 4105 ; chacche Langl 
A ii. 167; kecchen A. R. 324; kecche 
Horn (R.) 1377; cachin [kacchin] a wei 
^abi^o' PR. P. 57, 269 ; vor to cachie and 
vern J)ane di(e)vel vram him ayenb. 178; 
chacen out alle misbeleevinge men Mand. 3 ; 
chace PR. C. 43*6; chace awai Lidg. m. p. 139; 
{>e ojjre . . . ohioie)> (/r^j.) for)> Olivere Fer. 
955 ; alle . . . kache mea wai M. H. 151 ; cahte 
(pret,) Laj. 4547 ; cajte ROB. 14 ; kagte is (a) 
wei GEN. & ex. 949 ; caujte, caughte Ch. C. t. 
A 498 ; keihte A. R. 1 54 ; kei3t(e) L. H. R. 134 ; 
ke^te ANT. Arth. xlix ; chaced Langl. J9 xvii. 
51 ; hacahten Kath. 1990; eaht (pple,) P.s. 
1 52 ; cau^t Langl. B xvii. 219 ; hu he havede 
bene nome icaht Laj. 10843 ; ikeiht A. R. 88; 
ha)> cachid [* comprehendit *] WiCL. Mic. iv. 9; 
)>us am i cachet from kij)e ANT. Arth. (R.) 
xii ; comp, bi-eaoohen. 
eaohere, oh&eere, sb., catcher, hunter ; )>ise 
oacheres (//.) . . coupled hor houndez Gaw. 
1139 ; chaseris Barb. vii. 91. 

oh4olnge, sb., chasing, hunting, PR. P. 68 ; 
Trev. II. 359. 

oaohe, sb., O.Fr, cache, cace, chace; catch, 

chase ; chace MISC 199. 
oaohepol, sb., 0,Fr, chacepol ; catchpoll, HOM. 

I. 97; kachepol Langl. Cxxi. 46; oatohe- 

poUis (pi,) * apparitores * WiCL. i kings xix. 

20. 

oaoherel, sb., catchpole ; oaehereles (//.) p. 
S. 151 ; kachereles ayenb. 263. 
cad, sb,, pet lamb,^cenaria/ voc 219. 
kod-lemb, sb., .? cade-lamb, * ricus,* voc. 245. 

cadas, sb., 0,Fr. cadas, caddis, floss silk, 
* bombycinum,* PR. P. 57. 

eftde, sb., Fr, C2A^,from Lat, cadus ; barrel, 
PR. P. 57 ; k&des (pi,) Pall. xi. 331. 
odde ', sb., fmembrum virile, Ar. & Mer. 934. 

eadenee, sb., cadence, Gow. II. 82; (ms. 

cadens) LUD. Cov. 189. 
oader, sb., / Welsh cadair ; cradle, a. r. 82* ; 

kader 378. 
eaf , see ohafl 
c&f, adj.*, 0,E, caf ; swift, eager \ cof REL. I. 

212 ; cof & qvik A. P. ii. 624 ; kene he was & 



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c&f. 



Cild. 



X03 



kof Man. (H.) 66 ; \fe cove a. r. 66 ; biforen 

kafe & kene Orm. 19962. 
odT6^ adv^ swiftly^ O. & N. 379; o6fw 

(compar.) HOM. I. 231. 
cof-liche. sAy.ySwiJifyy Laj. 1705 ; cofli Gaw. 

201 1 ; Alis.' (Sk.) 1009. 
cafi sb., tcf. 0,E. qofa, motLEng, cove ; fbox : 

of wod dri as teindire )ia mad a caf Barb. 

LEG. II. 194. 

cafty kefty sb., f harlotry^ A. R. 206. 
cage, sb., 0,Fr, cage, yh?/« Z^. cavea ; cage^ 

A. R. 102; Alis. 3555; P. 19; Ch. C. i.A 

1294. 
caggen, draw^ bind, fasten ; caggis [caches] 

Alex. (Sk.) 1521 ; )xai . . . keruen & oaggen 

(pres.pL) & man it clos A. P. i. 512 ; J>ai wer 

cagged {pple,) & ka^ on capeles al bare 

il 1254 ; caget D. Trov 3703. 
eai, adj., c/. Fris.<t Dan. kei, ? M^Du, kei, kai 

{fooHsh) ; left : )>e kai fote Gaw. 422, 
cail^^^keiL 
cailewei, sb., OJ^r. (poire de) caiUoel ; a sort 

of pear, Langl. ^xvi. 69; oaleweis (//.) 

R. r. 7093. 
oainard, sb., 6>./^r.caignard, cagnard ; coward, 

SPEC no; A. s. 36 ; Ch. C. t. D 235. 
[caip, adj., O.N. karr ; de<xr?^ 
kager-le^o, sb., 0.N, kaerleikr; love\ {ms, 

b^gerrle53c) Orm. 2187. 
caiien, v., f OJ^, keyra (drive) \go\ in contre 

to cairen [kairen] aboute Langl. A PROL. 29 ; 

kaire Gaw. 1048 ; oaired (pret^ A. P. ii. 85 ; 

be kouherde kaired to his house Will. 373 ; 

pc candelstik . . . watz oaired (pple,) J)ider 

A. p. ii. 1478 ; icaired SPEC 37. 
caiser, sb., O.H.G. kaisar, keiser, - 0,E, 

cascre, Goth, kaisar, O.N. keisari; from Lot, 

Caesar; m^^r£?r, Alis. 1409; Man.(F.)5I2o; 

kaiser A. R. 138 ; kaisere, kaeisere, keisere, 

keiser [caiser, kaisere] La). 5220, 5965, 7331, 

27366; kaisere Langl. ^xix. 134; kaser 

Orm. 8329 ; keiaerea (gen.) Kath. 3 ; (ms. 

kq;seres8) ORM. 3519; oaisere (dat.) MR. 

xii. 17. 
caitif; sb. & adj., OFr. caitif, chaitif, mod. 

Eng. caitiff; captive; wretch, wretched, de- 
spicable, ^ capttvusj WiCL. I paral. v. 6; 

Will. 710; caid^ [chaitif] Langl. Cxxiii. 236. 
eaitif-d5m» sb., captivity, WiCL. Ez. xx ,. 3 ; 

TowNU 156. 
oaitiYe-hdde, sb., wretchedness*, tenseness, 

C M. 22382 ; cait^ hede 7353. 
oaitiMi, adv., wretchedly, R. P. 38. 
caitilhes, sb., captivity, wretchedness, 

TowNL. 315. 

caitifen, v., make captive; render wretched, 

WiCL. PROL. JER. ; R. P. 36. 

oaitivite, sb^ O.Fr. caitivet^ ; captivity, wretch- 
edness, c M. 7353, 18191, 22382 ; PR. C 455 ; 
paitiftc WiCL. Eph. iv. 8. 



o4k6, sb., cf. Swed, kaka ; cake, * libum, pla- 

cental PR. P. 58 ; voc. 198 ; H. M. 37 ; L. H. R. 

137 ; Ch. C. t. A 668. 
otte-br§ad« sb., cake (ofbrecui)', cakebrede 

Langl. -5 xvi. 229. 
oakely adj., cackling, A. R. 66. 
oakelin, v., « Du. kakelen, Swed. kakla; 

cackle, ^gracillo,^ PR. P. 58; kakelen A. R. 

66; oftclo]> (pres.) Gow. II. 264. 
cakelinge, sb., ccukling, ^ gracillacio,* PR. P. 

58. 

oakkin, v., * caco' pr. p. 58. 
cal, sb., OJV. kail ; call, act of calling, A. P. ii. 

61 ; ealle (dcU.) c M. 3022. 
oal» see oauL 
oaladrie, sb., kind qf bustard ; [* charadrius *] 

WiCL. DEUT. xiv. 18. 
oalament, sb., Fr. calament, med.Lat, cala- 

mentum ; s»rt of herb, Trev. Barth. (n. E. 

D.) ; * calamenta balsamita^ PR. P. 58. 
oalamuB, sb., Lat. calamus; reed, an aro^ 

moHc plant, Trev. Barth. (n. E. d.) ; WiCL. 

£z. xxvii. 19. 
calami, sb., sort of aromatic herb (earlier text 

thaalami) WiCL. ex. xxx. 24. 
oaloatori, sb., Lat. calcatorium ; wine press, 

Pall. i. 461. 
oaloh, sb., O.E. calic, from Lat. calix (ace. 

calicem); cf. O.Fr. calice, chalice; chalice, 

Misc 43 ; calch, calice hom. II. 91, 215 ; caliz 

A. R. 284 ; HaV. 187 ; Brd. 14 ; chalice Shor, 

20; chalis avenb. 167 ; calioes (pi.) ayenb.4^ 
oaloidoine, sb., O.Fr. calcedoine ; chalcedony, 

Gow. III. 133. 
oaloininge, sb., caldnaiion ; calceniinge Ch. 

C. T. G77U 
oaloinatidn, sb., Fr. calcination ; calcination, 

Ch. C. T. CP804. 
oaloulacion, sb., Lat. calculationem ; calcula' 

Hon, Gow. II. 345. 
oaloulatour, sb., ImI. calculator; one who 

calculates, WiCL. s. w. II. 408. 
oalOTilen, v., Fr. calculer ; ccUculafe ; kalcule 

Ch. astr. i. 22 (14) ; oalouled (pple.) Langl. 

J5xv. 364. 

kalkuler» sb., calculator, Ch. astr. i. 23 (14). 
oaleullnge, sb., calculation, Trev. I. 39; 

Ch. Tro. i. 7L 
oaloulose, adj., Lat. calculosus ; stony. Pall. 

ii. 274. 
odld, adj., O.E. ceald, cald,= OX.G. cald, 

Goth, kalds, O.N. kaldr, O.H.G. chalt; from 

o61en ; cold, HOM. 1. 97 ; Iw. 360 ; PR. c 767 ; 

cald, cold La^. 45I9» WS^ ; cold A. R. 400 : 

O. & N. 622 ; cold red REL. 1. 182 ; child [cold] 

Langl. Cxviii. 49; cheald John xviii. 18; 

chald MISC. 30 ; ayenb. 153 ; cheld Shor. 9 ; 

L. N. F. 214 ; Greg. 798. 
o41d, sb., cold, Hav. 856; p. s. 3305 Will. 



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104 



t&Ld. 



oamelion. 



908 ; Mand. 256 ; chealdes (gen. n,) Mat. 
3C. 42 ; o&lde (dot.) Jul. 21 ; Iw. 2974 ; colde 
Gow. II. 38 ; o&lde (pi.) hom. L 95 ; cares ful 
colde P. s. 152; o^dore (compar) L. H. R. 143. 
k61d-hdd, sb., * refrigerium^ PS. Ixv. 12. 
o&Lde-liche, adv., coldly^ hom. I. 277. 
cdld-mftwe, sb., = mAw; fa sort of gull ^ 
LiDG. M. P. 202 ; oaliii3we M. T. 133. 

cdlde, sb., ?=kelde ; cold : kalde, PS. cxlvii. 17. 

c^Iden^ v., 0,E. cealdian,= 0,H,G, chalten ; 
grow cold; colde rel. I. 120; Ch. Tro. iv. 
362 ; M. Arth. 3647 ; his blod bigan to colde 
S. S. (Wr.) 1678 ; hire heorte bigan to chelde 
Horn (L.) 1148 (kolde H. 1185) ; keld(e) REL. 
II. 210; oolde]> (pres.) frag. 5 ; misc. ioi ; 
kelde)> Angl. III. 279; comp.'nr, for-, of- 
o^den. 

C&le, sb., tcold: in hete & in cale LEG. 1 48. 

[odlen, v., 0,E, calan, 0,N, kala (pret, kol, 
ppie. kalinn) ; be cold^ grow cold\ comp, a- 
o^en ; deriv, o^d, o51.] 

<salende» kalendes, sb., 0,E, calend, from 
LcU, calendae ; first of the month; month] 
Gow. III. 123; Pall. x. 23; kalendes of 
chaunge CH. Tro. v. 1647. 

calender^ sb., Lat, calendarium; calendar \ 
kalender LA5.7219 ; Ch. astr. i. 1 1 (7) ; (guide) 
Ch. l. g. w. 542 ; (register) D. Arth. 264I, 

calenge, see ohalenge. 

caleSy sb., name of a fabulous creature ; a 
feoUe worm, cales Alis. 7093. 

CaleweiSy see calleweL 

calf, sb., O.K. cealf, caelf, celf,- 0,L.G. calf, 
0,H.G. chalb «., 0,N. kalfr m, ; calf H. M. 37 ; 
Orm. 5858 ; P. S. 332 ; calf [kali] Langl. -4 vii. 
274; icaelf FRAG. 3; keif A. R. 136; an fet 
chalf Lk. XV. 27 ; kalves (gen,) fleis GEN. & 
EX. 1013 ; oalve (dot,) A. S. 4 ; oalveren (pL) 
Mand. 105 ; calveren, calves Wicl. num. 
xxix. 32. 

oalf-fliah, sb.,» 6^^r. kalbfleisch ; veal, voc. 
200. 

calf-lees, adj., without a calf Wicx. Job 
xxi. 10. 

calf, sb.. O.N. kalfi « M.Du. kalf (puipd), 
calf (of the leg\ 'sura,' PR. P. 58 ; Ch. C. t. 
^592. 

calioe, see oaloh. 

calion, sh., pebble, < rudus^ PR* P. 58 ; caliouns 
(pi) Mer. XX. 329. 

oaliphe, sb., ccUiph, Gow. I. 245; califfe 
Mand. 36 ; caliphee 230. 

caliz, see oaloh. 

calke, sb., shoe ; oalken (dai, pL) MK. vi. 9. 
calke-trappe, sb., O.E, calcatrippe (hera- 
clea), voc. 68, 0,Fr. chaucetrappe ; caltrop, 
Uribulusy rel. I. 37 (voc 140); caltrap 
saliunca PR. P. 58; caltrap of irin, fote 
hurtinge * hamus ' PR. P. 59 ; oalketrappen 
(//.) Alis. 6070; vol of • • . calketreppen 



and of grines ayen^. 131; kalketrappes 

Langl. Cxxi. 296. 
calkin, v., .^yS^r caloulen ; calculate, P. P. II. 

61 ; Ualculo' '9K, P. 58. 
calle, sb., OJ^r, calle, cale; caul; net, p. s. 

158; Ch. C.T.Z>ioi8; K.T.365; )>e calle of 

te liver [* reticulum jecoris '] WiCL. LEV. iii. 4 ; 
elle 'reticulum' voc i^; Em. 303; kellee 

(pi.) T0WNL.313. 
callin, v., O.E, ceallian,= M.Du. callcn, OJ^* 

kalla, O.H.G. challon; call, 'vocoj PR. P. 58; 

callen Marh. 3 ; so shulen men callen it ai 

Hav. 747 ; calle hom. II. 257 ; Gow. 1. 148; 

Pall. i. 1042; oalle (pres.) spec. 59; ()iei) 

oalles Will. 239 ; callen Mand. i ; callede 

(pret) PERC.610; called [kallid] Langl. ^ 

xviii. 93 ; cald (pple) HOM. I. 271 ; GEN. & 

EX. 1700 ; icalled JOS. 78 ; PL. CR. 574 ; comp. 

bi-callen. 

oaUinge, sb., calling, ^vocatio} PR. P. 58. 
oalme, adj., Fr. calme ; calm, PR. p. 58 ; Gow. 

Ill, 230; D. Troy 2011. 
oalmcn, v., Fr. calmer ; calm ; calme dep. R. 

ill 366 ; d. Troy 4587. 
calfitok, see under eauL 
caltrappin, v. : catch with a caltrop, pr. p. 59. 
calu, adj., O.E. calu (gm. czXv/cs), = MJDu. 

calu, O.H.G. chalaw; mod. Eng. callow; bald 

['calvus'] Wicl. lev. xiii. jp; calu^ Aus. 

$950 ; be calewe P. L. s. ix. 89 ; ))e calouwe 

mous (the bat) [Fr. la chauve-souris] ayenb. 

27. 
calven, v., O.E. ceal6an, » M.Du. kalven, 

M.H.G. kalben ; calve : J)e cou calvide (pret.) 

WiCL. Job xxi. 10. 
oalving, sb., calving, Pall. viii. 66* 
calver, adj., f fresh ; calvur PR. p. 59 ; cal- 

war F. c. 19. 
cdmb, sb., O.E. camb, comh,^ OX.G. camb, 

O.iV.kamb, O.I/.G.chsimp; comb, Orm.6s4o; 

comb P. 16 ; a cokkes comb Mand. 207 ; ^ 

dikes comb GEN. & ex. 2564 ; komb Ch. C.t. 

B 4049 ; kokis coom PR. P. 281 ; kdmbe (dot.) 

AYENB. 258 ; c6mbe8 (pi.) P. L. s. xix. 249 ; 

comp. hors-, liunl3-oomb. 
cambok, sb., M.Lat. cambuca, cf. Ir., Gael. 

camog ; fetter, 'pedum,' voc. 232. 
camel, sb., O.Fr. camel, chamel ; ceanel, p. L. S. 

i. 22 ; C M. 6001 ; kamel GEN. & ex. 1398 ; 

oamils, chamgUi (pi.) Wicl. judg. viii. 21 ; 

camels [chameiles, camailes] c. M. 3304; 

chamoilis (later vers, camelis) i WiCL. paral. 

xii. 40. 

oamgl«h&r, sb., camel-hair, M. h. 41. 
oamel-hide, sb., camel skin, c. M. 2249. 
cameline, sb., O.Fk cameline ; camlet, r. r. 

7366. 

cameline, sb., hind of sauce, L. a C 30. 
camelion, camle, sb., Gr. yafuiiXc»ir ; chame- 
leon, Gow, 1. 133 ; oamles (//.) Mand« 289. 



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oalnelioiL 



caneL 



105 



eamelion, sb., used for dameiopard, WiCL. 
DExrr. xiv. 5 ; camelion is a flekked best in 
colour liche to a lupard Trev. 1. 159. 

cammicU adj., snub-nosed^ ^simus^ PR. P. 59 ; 
cammede (//.) rel. I. 240. 
cammednease, ohammidneMe, sb., ^simi- 
tas^ PR. P. 59. 

cammoo, sb.,= 0.-E. cammoc; rest-harrow 
(plant) ; cammokes, kammokes (//.) 
Langl. B xix. 309. 

camoca, cammooa, sh.y—O.Fr, camoca; a 
rick silken fabric [cammoka, camaca, ca- 
maka, cammaka], Langl. Cxvii. 299. 

cammock, = oambok. 

camomille, sb., Fr, camomille ; camomile^ p. 
L.s.xxxi. 114. 

camp, sb., O.E, camp, comp, = 0,Fris. kamp, 
komp, O.H,G, champh /«., cf O^N. kapp «.; 
battle ; fat comp La). 23889 ; comp & ifiht 
4347; kampe (dat.) d. Arth. 3670; comp, 
)e-<»mp. 

komp-ifgre, sb. {f printed kemp ifere), com- 
rade in battle^ A. R. 274. 

campar, sb., football player^ PR. P. 60. 

campeeon, sh,y for gambisdn ; doublet worn 
beneath the armour, RlCH. 376. 

campin, v., O.E, campian, = 0,Fris. kampa, 
kempa, 0/H,G, chamfan, chemfan, 0,N, kep- 
pa J fight, contend; play at football, ^pedipiloi 
PR. P. 60 ; kempe D. Arth. 2633. 
oampinge, sb., football match, ^pedipilu- 
dium,^ PR. p. 60 ; LiDG. M. P. 20a 

campion, see champion. 

camus, oamoifl, adj., Fr. camus; low,flcU 
(nose), Fer. 4437 ; Ch. C. t. A 3934. 

Camnsed, adj., flatnosed, Gow. II. 21a 

can, v., O.E, cann (can), conn (con), = 0,L,G, 
can, Goth,, 0,N, kann, 0,H,G, chan, (pret., 
pres,) ; mod.Eng, can ; know; know ho7tf to; 
can ; GEN. & EX. 309 ; ROB. 10 ; AYENB. 21 ; 
can [^scit^] WiCL. John vii. 15 ; nou can i no 
red Triam. 595 ; can, kan Orm. 1314, 5282; 
i can [kan] a noble tale Ch. C. t. A 3126 ; 
she . . . can [kan] hem ber fore as muche 
thank as me ^ 1808; kan [^novV] Mk. xiv. 68; 
can, con La^. 3291, 13332 ; can, kan, con, kon 
0. & n. 197, 263, 680, 757 ; con A. R. 18 ; Kath. 
817 ; c. L. 30, 555 ; H. H. 26 ; AUD. 16 ; ne 
con crist him nenne |K>nc hqm. 1. 31 ; nis nan 
sunne )>et he ne con 35 ; ]>u canst o. & N. 1 182 ; 
thou canst . . . J)e ricthe gate Hav. 846 ; const 
[canst, kanst] Langl. A iii. 166 ; hwet so )>u 
const . . . bi)>enchen Jul. 66; cunnen Orm. 
5514 ; MiRC 237 ; J?e wel cunnen a [conne of] 
speche Laj. 7301 ; cunne o. & N. 911 ; Bek. 
1325; connen, conne Mand. 5, 213; conne 
SPEC. 103 ; Ed. 3453 ; cunne (subj,) A. R. 64 ; 
Horn (L.) 568 ; cunne, kunne o. & N. 47, 1 88 ; 
cunne [conne] LA3. 28644; conne ayenb. 
118; )k)u konne Langl. ^xix. 26; jef )h>u 
conne MiRC 1356; je conne [konne, cunne, 



kunne] Ch. C. t. .^3118; deriv. cunnen^ 

kennen. 
oan, v.,=gan; began, set to: can [gan, con, 

gon] on him to stare c M. 13557; can him 

to confort QUAIR iv; Moises on ^ roche 

kan stand c. M. 6300 ; the croune that Ihesus 

oouth (did) ber Bruce iii. 460. 
oanacle, oonaole, sb., f mistake for coY&tiA^i jt 

f lid of a cup, A. P. ii. 1461, 15 15. 
canore, sb., O.Fr, cancre, chancre; canker, 

cancer, A. R. 330; canker [kankir] WiCL. 

2 Tim. ii. 17; er the rose, as it come into 

canser D. Troy 2344 ; cankir, canker-worm 

* teredo ' PR. P. 60. 
canker-dort, sb., stcUe of suffering, Ch.Tro. 

ii. 1752. 
oancre-firete, adj., eaten away with canker, 

Rob. 299. 
eaneren, v.,yh?w med,Lat, cancerare ; canker, 

kankir HOCCL. REG. PRIN. (in N. E. D.) ; 

cancringe, (pple,) WiCL. pref. ep. 69; 

cancred (conored), ulcerated^ Trev. Barth. 

(in N. E. D.) ; here is a cankerd (depraved) 

company York vii. 97. 
candele, sb., 0,E. c2Ltidt\,from LcU, candela ; 

candle, HOM. II. 47; AYENB. 102; candle 

Bek. 1969 ; condle chr. E. 505. 
candel-bdm, sb., candle-stick, * lucemarium^ 

PR. P. 60. 

condeMiht, sb., candle-light, Laj. 23752. 
kandel-moBse, sb., candlemas, Orm. 7706 ; 

condelmesse A. R. 412. 
oandel-ata^ sb., 0,E, candelstaef ; candle- 
stick, WiCL. exod. XXV. 33 ; candelstef Mk. 

iv. 21. 
candel-qnenoher, sb., candle-extinguisher, 

WiCL. EX. XXV. 28. 

oandel-stikke, sb., candlestick, PR. P. 60; 

Trev. III. 187 ; kandelstike h. s. 9374. 
eandeler, ohaundeler, sb., Fr, chandelier, 

mod,Eng, chandler; candle-maker, ^ cande- 

larius^ PR. P. 60, 71 ; chaundeler WiCL. 

JUDG. iv. 4*. 
oandrede, sb., Welsh cantred, from cant 

(hundred) ; cantred : a candrede is a coun- 

trai \2X conteine}) an hondred townes Trev. 

I. 343. 
oane, sb., 0,Fr, cane ; cane, ^canna* voc 191 ; 

can (slender glass tube) LiDG. TROY (in N. 

E. D.). 

cane, ehane, sb., khan, Mand. 188, 221. 
eanel, sb., chanel, 0,Fr, canel, chanel ; canal, 

channel, pipe ; ^canalisj PR. P. 60, 69; kanel 

(throat) Gaw. 2298 ; chanel Trev. I. 133 ; 

oanels (//.) c. M. 1866; canel [chanel] 

22577 ; canel WiCL. S. w. II. 335 ; canels or 

pipes Pall. i. 464 ; canel of a bell ' canellus ' 

PR. P. 60. 
oanel-bon, sb., collar-bone, Ch. d, Bl. 943 ; 

ANT. Arth. xl; kanelbon rel. II. 78. 



a\AjL^.(^.]Uk/ 






>t^le 



io6 



canele. 



cCapped. 



oanele, sb., O./V. canele {canmlle)\ cinnamon^ 

Laj. 17744 ; canelle Mand. 187 ; canel P. L. S. 

XXXV. 76 ; WiCL. EXOD. XXX. 23. 
canexiy v., Ger, kanen ; become mouldy ; o&ned 

(pple,) * acidus' CATH. 53. 
canevaSy sb., Fr, canevas ; canvas, Ch. C. t. 

G 939 ; canvas PR. P. 60. 
oangy adj., cf, Swed, king; foolish^ Kath. 

260 A. R. 62 ; (f wanton) 56. 
oang-liohe, adv., f foolishly , A. R. 56. 
kang-Bohipe, sb., f folly, A. R. 338. 
oangy sb., ffool, A. R. 270 ; kanges (//.) 362. 
oangen, v., f become foolish', we am oangede 

{pple/pL) A. R. 362* ; ^^w/. a-oangen. 
oanguiiy ?sb.,=oang: beo he cang^n o¥er 

crupel H. M. 33 ; {v, r, cang) A. R. 62*. 
canney sb., 0,E, canne, = O.H.G. channa ; 

can, drinking vessel; kan LUD. Cov. 259; 

oannes (pi,) WiCL. John ii. 6. 
canon, canoiuiy sb., Gr, «caya>v ; canon, rule, 

Ch. astr. Hi. 32 (42); c. m. 26290; apol. 

73 ; canon WiCL. apoc. prol. ; c. m. 21190. 
canon, zAyfrom sb. ; canonical \ lawe canoun 

Trev. II. 117. 
canonie, sb., OSr, canonie, chanoine, yr^?/^ 

LcU, canonicus, cf 0,N, kanunkr; canon^ 

Sax. chr. 250; canoun Bek. 386; chanon 

voc 194; chanoun 209; kanimkes (gen.) 

Orm. dedic. 9; oanones, canunes (//.) 

Laj. 21861, 29852; canunes o. & N. 729; 

chanounes Ha v. 360. 

canoniel, adj., Fr. canonial ; canonical, a. r. 8. 
canomstre, sb., canonist, Wicl. s. w. I. 32 ; 

canonistres (pi,) Langl. A viii. 135, 
canonisid, pple., catholic*, the seuene epistolis 

that ben clepid canonisid WiCL. James prol. 
canonizaoioun, sb., the act of canonizing, 

PR. P. 60 ; Mand. 176. 
canonizen, canonisen, v., med,Lat, canoni- 

zare ; canonize, WiCL. S. W. II. 387 ; Gow. 

I. 254; III. 280. 
canoniaing, sb., canonisation, Wicl. s. w. 

III. 456. 
canope, sb., canopy, pr. p. 60; Wicl. jud. 

xiii. 10. 
cant, adj., cf M.Du, kant; f eager, brave \ 

cant and kene MiN. vii. 107 ; a M. 8943 ; 

kant & cof Man. (F.) 1886; mani kant 

knight Halliw. 488. 

cant-li, adv., eagerly, MiN. v. 64.* 
oantaride, sb., ccmtharides. Pall. i. 128. 
Cantebriigge, pr. n., Cambridge, p. l. s. xiii. 

66 ; Cantebrigge Ch. C. t. A 3921. 
oantel, sb., 0,Fr. cantel ; bit, piece cut off, 

Ch. C. t. a 3008 ; b. Disa 346 ; ant. Arth. 

xli; a cantel of brede voc. 258; kantel 

Shor. 33 ; Gener. 5934. 
oantel-o&pe, sb., 0,E, cantelcapa; cloak, 

Laj. 29749. 



canticle, sb., Lat. canticulum ; canticle, GEKl 

& EX. 4124. 
cantin, v., divide, share, ^parliorj PR. p. 60. 
[Cantware, pr. n. pL, 0,E, Cantware (pi.) ; 

inhabitants of Kent ^ 
Cantware-buri, pr. n., 0,E, Cantwara 

burg; Canterbury, Laj. 2821; Cantoreburi 

FRAG. 5 ; Canterburi Bek. 240. 
cannnk, see oanonie. 
capacite, sb., Fr, ca.^SLCit6,from Lat, capaci- 

tatem ; capacity, w. & 1. 66. 
oapcioun, sb., capture, Wicl. 2 Pet. iL 12. 
capcious, adj., captious, WiCL. s. w. II. 13; 

capciows Boken. 7. 
cape [? cape], sb., 0,Fr, cape, chape, cf OM 

kapa ; cape; cope : he nom ane cape of his ane 

cnihte Laj. 13097 ; and nomen tailes of reh^en 

and hangede on his cape [cope] 29559 ; cape, 

cope ^ccipa* PR. P. 91 ; chape of a schethe 69 ; 

cope Shor. iio; jif he have)5 enne widne 

hod & one ilokene cope A. R. 56 ; kope Hav. 

429 ; coope Wicl. exod. xxv. 7 ; oopes (//.) 

Langl. A prol. 53 ; comp, oantel-o&pe. 
capel [capil, capul], sb., 0,N. kapall, ffrom 

Ir, capall, capull, Gael, capuU, Lat, caballus ; 

horse, nag, Ch. C. t. A 4088 ; capul Langl. 

A iv. 22 [capel C v. 24] ; capul PR. P. 61 ; 

capel (hen) Townl. 99. 
capen [Pcapen], v,, provide with a cape or 

cope\ c5pe)> (pres.) Langl. -<4 iii. 138; chaped 

(pple,) Ch. C. t. A 366. 
capitain, sb., O.Fr, capitain; captain, Gow. L 

360; Ch. C. t. H2y>; captein WiCL. s. w. 

III. 360; capitane Barb. viii. 52; oapteini 

(pi.) Wicl. s. w. I. 323 ; see chevetain. 
capital, adj., 0,Fr, capital; capital; we write^ 

capital lettres Trev. I. 129 ; capitale Wint. 

VI. xuc 37 ; capitale ennime (deadly foe), 

Barb. iii. 2 ; capitalen (//.) A. R. 258. 
capital, sb., 0,Fr, chapitel; capital: pilcrs 

. . . with . . . capitale P. S. L. xxxv. 69.; 

oapitflkU (pi.) N. £. D. 
capitle, see chapitle. 
capitolie [capitoile, capthole], sb., 0,Fr. 

capitolie ; capitol, citadel, Ch. C. t. B 3893 ; 

capitole Barb. i. 543. 
capoun, sb., ^.^.capun, 0,Fr, capon, chapon; 

capon ; capun REL. 1. 217 ; capoun [chapoun] 

p. s. 334 (P. 43) ; oapCns (pi.) ayenb. 38 ; 

capones Langl. B xv, 466. 
oapparis, sb., Lat, capparis ; caper (the plant) ; 

\ear, vers, caperis] Wicl. eccles. xii. 5. 
cappe, sb., 0,E, caeppe, 0,Fris, cappa, OJV. 

kappa, O.H.G, chappa ; c<^, ^pileus^ PR. P. 

60; Ualeptra^ (Kokvnrpa) VOC 182 ; P. S. 

330; Mand. 247; ))is manciple sette here 

aller cappe Ch. C. t. A 586; keppen (dot, pi.) 

a. R. 420 ; comp, fleil-» niht-oappe. 
capped, pple., wearing a cap : ask thi cappid 

maistres P. P. II. 107. 



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oappere. 



carL 



107 



cappere, sb^ capmaker^ £. g. 12. 

caprety sb^ cf. Ital, capretto ; gazelUy WiCL. 

DEUT. xii. 15. 
Capricorn, sb., 0,Fr, capricom ; Capricorn^ 

Ch. astr. i. 17 (9). 

caprif ie, v., Lot, capriftcare ; ripen by capri- 
ficcUtoHy Pall. iv. 592. 
caprifigy sb., wild Jig, Pall. iv. 589. 
capstan, sb., capstan, A. P. ii. 418. 
captive, sb., captive, Ch. Tro. iii. 333. 
captive, v., make captive, Lidg. m. P. 38. 
captivite, sb., O.Fr. captivity ; captivity (ms, 

a4>tyuide), A. P. ii. 1612. 
capnl, see cai>eL 
car, adj., Ga£L cearr ; left (hand): becarhonde 

(printed carhonde} ANT. Arth. (R.) xlviii. 
car, see ker. 
caracte, sb., 0,Fr. caracte ; character, letter ; 

carecte Langl. B xii. 90 ; caracter, carecter 

Wicx. APOC. xiii. 16, 17 ; carecte Gow. I. 57 ; 

oarectoB [v. r. carrectis] (pi.) fat Crist wroot 

Langl. ^ xii. 80. 
caraine, see caroine. 
carake, sb., /^r.caraque ; asortofship\ carike 

Ch. C. t. D 1688 ; oaraokes (pL) SQ. l. deg. 

819. 

caraldes, sb., pi., ?=carole8 ; f chains, a. p. 

iiL 157. 
carawai, sb., — Ger, karvei, from Arab, kara- 

wiya ; caroTuay, PR. P. 62. 
carbuncle, sb., 0,Fr, carbuncle, charboucle ; 

carbuncle (gem). Trey. II. 235 ; charbucle 

H. M. 43 ; charbode CH. C. T. B 2061 ; char- 

bugk Fl, & Bl. 234; charbokill D. Troy 

3170; charboncle Mand. 239 ; charboncle of 

annes LiDG. BocH. (in n. E. d.). 
eharbnnole-fltdn, sb., carbuncle, Fbr. 1741. 
carcais, see oarkeis. 
carde, sb., Fr. carde ; card (for wool), PR. P. 

62. 
carde', sb., 0,Fr, carte ; playing-card: 

eardea (pL) Chest. II. 83. 
oardinge, sh,, playing at cards, rel. II. 224. 
carden, v., Fr, carder ; card (wool) ; cardin 

PR. P. 62; karde Langl. Cx. 80; oarded 

(/^<?.) Langl. ^x. 18. 
cardiake, sb., Fr, (passion) cardiaque ; heart 

disease, Halliw. 232 ; cardiacle Langl. 

5 xiii. 335; Ch. C. t. C313. 
cardinal, adj., 0,Fr, cardinal ; chief, cardinal: 

cardenale PR. P. 62; cardinals (cardinal 

virtues) (pi.) C M. 10008 ; AYENB. 123. 
cardinal', sb., cardinal (ecclesiastic), LA5. 

29497. 
cardoon, sb., 0,Fr. cardon; thistle, 'cardo; 

VOC 191. 

cardue, sb., Lai, carduus; thistle, WiCL. 

4 kings xiv. 9. 

t 



oire, sb., 0,E, ceani, caru,=6>.Z.6^. cara, 

Goth, kara, 0,H.G, chara ; care, Lk. x. 40 ; 

LAa. 23051; H. M. 27; Orm. 4852; Hay. 

2062; CL. 217; Ch. C. T. -^ 1569 ; PR. c. 

7^^Z > E^od sente on him seknesse & care 

GEN. & EX. 775 ; care and sorwe RoB. 301 ; 

kare o. & N. 1590; Will. 726; kare and 

howe S. S. (Web.) 1493 » ^^ ^^^^e & on pine 

HOM. I. 129; c&run, caren (dat, pL) Lk. 

viii. 14 ; comp, mod-care, 
oar-ful, adj., 0,E, cearful; careful, Bek. 

639 ; Will. 2201 ; chaerful Laj. 21572 ; kare- 

ftille (//.) cnihtes 16760. 

oarfU(l)-liohe, adv., carefully, C L. 203 ; 

carfuDi Will. 4347. 

oarAilnesse, sb., carefulness, HOM. I. 115. 
k^e-l§a8, adj., 0,E, cearleas ; careless, A. R. 

246; careles La^. 12478. 
carf, sb., ?=kirf ; cut, wound \ carfTes (pi,) 

D. Arth. 2713. 
can, sb., some rough cloth, PL. CR. 442. 
caridge, sb., O.Fr, cariage ; carriage, * vec- 

iura,* PR. P. 62 ; Trey. III. 391 ; Wicl.gen. 

xlv. 19; Ch. C. t. 7677; Barb, viii, 275; 

K. Col. 40. 
oarie, sb., f thing of price, treasure; f cart- 

load : I wol geve );e gimmes and bighes, ten 

))ousand caries (pi,) Alis. 6695. 
ctirien, v., 0,E, cearian,= (7^M. karon, 0,H,G, 

charon ; care, be anxious, A. R. 48 ; he wile 

carien for hire H. M. 5 ; karien HOM. I. 193 ; 

cane Rob. 312 ; care MiN. viii. i ; odre (pres,) 

SPEC 54 ; carest Will. 3182 ; carej> P. 28 ; 

chare% Mat. vi. 34 ; xxi. 34 ; (we) carie^ 

p.S. 149; o4rande(;^/^.)GAW.674; c^irede 

(pret,) Bek. 125 ; s. a. l. 158; heo careden 

leb. Jes. 25. 
carien, v., 0,Fr. carier ; carry, Langl. A ii. 

132; E. G.20; carie Gow. 11.293; Ch. C.T. 

Ai^o; Mand. 49. 
oariare, sb., carrier, * vector,^ PR. p. 62; 

carier Barth. (in N. E. D.). 
carited, sb., 0,Fr. carit^ Lat, cSritatcm; 

charity. Sax. chr. 263 ; karite}) Orm. 2998 ; 

charite ayenb. 79 ; Ch. C. t. A 532 ; cherite 

HOM. I. 39. 
oark, sb., A,Fr, care ; grief, trouble, Ar. & 

Mer. 3952 ; cark [carke] Gam. 760 ; karke 

(dat,) Man. (H.) 135. 
oarkeis, sb., / 0,Fr, carcois ; carcase, PR. P. 

62 ; Hoccl. (in N. E. D.) ; karkeis WiCL. 

EXOD. xxi. 35 ; carcais PR. C 874. 
carken, v., 0,Fr, carkier, mod,Eng, cark ; be 

anxious", carke PL. T. 198 ; carke and care 

SQ. L. DEG. 924 ; carke (pres) spec. 54 ; 

Jos. 30; oarked (pple) Ar. & Mer. 

4464. 

oarken, see ohargin. 

carl, sb., 0,N, karl, = 0,H,G, charl, karl 
I (allied to cheorl, q, v) ; husbandman; man, 
I male; ^ rusticus,' PR. P. 62; Hay. 1789; 



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io8 



oarL 



Ca43t6L 



Ch. C. t. a S4S; C. m. 13808 ; Townl. 213 ; 

karl Iw. 559 ; deriv, kerling. 
0£url-man, sb., O.N, karl-, karma^r; ma/e 

person ; carman C. M. 2937 ; oarlmen (//.) 

and wimmen Sax. chr. 261. 
oarlisoh, adj., manly ^ masculine \ karlische 

^inges HOM. I. 273. 
oarme» sb., Carmelite \ oarmes (//.) WiCL. 

s. w. III. 353. 
oamaoioiiy sb., incarnation^ misc. 216. 
oamal, adj., 0,Fr, camel, chamel ; carnal^ 

LUD. Cov. 84 ; LiDG. M. p. 44. 
oamalitOy sb., carnality ^ lud. Cov. 114; 

GEST. R. (H.') 195. 
oamely see kernel, 
oaroine, sb., 0,Fr, caroigne, charoigne; 

carrion^ carcase^ RoB. 216 ; AYENB. 86 ; 

Langl. B prol. 193 ; carein apol. 105 ; 

careine Ch. p. f. 177 ; carion PR. c. 847 ; 

caraine A. P. ii. 459 ; karin D. Troy 13025 ; 

caren 1971 ; caraing P. s. 203; oharoines 

(//.) A. R. 84 ; careins WiCL. gen. xv. i i. 
Carole, sb., 0,Fr, carole ; carol^ dance^ song; 

chain^ ROB. 53 ; s. S. (Wr.) 2885 ; oaroles 

(pL) Ch. C. t. a 1931. 
oaroHiiy v., 0,Fr. caroler ; caroly PR. P. 62 ; 

carole and singe Ch. d. Bl. 849; karold 

( pret,) C. M. 7600 ; karoled (pple.) Man. 

(F.) 1777. 
oarp, sb., cf, O.N. karp, {boast\ Swed. karp 

(^prat* RiETZ); f talk^ A. P. ii. 23, 1327; S. 

A. L. 83 ; carpe A. P. i. 882. 
oarpe, sb., (^./r. carpe, O.H.G. charpho ; carp 

(aJlsA), * carpus,* PR. p. 62. 
oarpentery sb., O.Fr. carpentier ; carpenter, 

ROB. 537 ; Ch. C. t. .4 3189 ; carpenters 

ipl.) L. H. R. 30; carpentours D. Troy 1597. 
carpentrie, sb., O.Fr, carpenterie; carpentry, 

WiCL. EX. XXXV. 33. 
carpin, v., 0.N, karpa, mod.Eng, carp (at) ; 

speak, talk, say, ^fahulor,* PR. P. 62 ; carpe 

Will. 4581; Jos. 440; Langl. ^xix. 65; 

Ch. C. t. a 474 ; Degr. 9 ; Lidg. m. p. 191 ; 

to carpe wij) ^our qwene ant. Arth. xi ; the 

king . . . oarpis (pres.) \es wordes D. Arth. 

639 ; carpe (imper,) hom. I. 287 ; carpende 

{^le.) Gow. III. 195; karpede (pret,) IsuM. 

234 ; carped Gaw. 1088. 

carpare, sb., talker, PR. p. 62. 

carping, sb., talk, Will. 4660; karping 

Iw. 127. 
carr^ see Isbt. 
carre, sb., O.Fr. car, char ; car, * carrus,* PR. 

p. 62 ; chare * currus * 69 ; carre Mand. 130 ; 

chare 175 ; char, chare Ch. C. t. A 2138; 

chaar, chare [^currum *] WiCL. GEN. xli. 43 ; 

earns l*plaustra *] NUM. vii. 9. 
cart, sb., / 0,E. craet ; c/, O.N, kartr ; cart, 

* rkeda,' PR. P. 62 ; LEG. 169 ; CH. C. T. 

^ 1539 ; E« O. 353 ; kart VOC 167 ; cart, 



carte Langl. A lu 154; carte voc 181; 
WiCL. 3 KINGS X. 29 ; karte Orm. pref. 48; 
kert ^currus' frag. 4; carte (dat.) Lk^ 
11396; carten (pi.) ayenb. 35; cartes 
Mand. 250 ; cartes and waines gen. & ex. 
2362 ; comp. dung-cart, 
cart-clout, sb., iron plate to protect the axle- 
tree, * epusdum} voc. 278. 
carte-bodiy sb., voc 167. 
carte-bondesy sb., p)., ^ bendes de les roes^ 
voc 167. 

cart-fully sb., cart-ful, dep. R. ii. 158. 
cart-hors, sb., cart-horse, voc. 187. 
carte-lode, sb., cart-load, Hav. 895. 
cart-mare, sb., cart-mare, Langl. i? vi. 289. 
carte-nave, sb., ^ timpana,* voc 180. 
cart-sadel, sb., ^ dorsilollum^ voc 202; 
REL. I. 81. 

carte-Btai; sb., cart-shaft, Rob. 99 ; cartstaf 
Gam. 590. 

cart-wei, sb., cart-way, Langl. A iii. 127 ; 
Trev. I. 63. 

cart-wheel, sb., cart-wheel, Ch. C. t. 
Z>2255. 

kart-wrlghty sb., cart-builder, ^carpenia- 
rius; voc 194. 

carte, sb.,C>./^r. carte; f treatise, Goyff.lll.iso. 
oartin, v., cart, carry in a cart, PR. P. 62 ; 
cart Langl, Cvi. 62. 

cartere, sb., carter, ayenb. 160; Ch. C. t. 
Z> 1542 ; s. & C I. ixi ; kartere [cartare] 0. & 
N. 1186 ; cartare PR. p. 62. 
cas, sb., Fr. cas ; case, chance, Rob. 9 ; CHR. 
E. 662 ; AYENB. 36 ; Will. 326 ; c m. 1407 ; 
GEST. R. (H.') Iii. 230. 

casbalde, sb., a term of reproach, York 
xxxiv. 194; Townl. 123. 
oaak, adj., O.N. kaskr, karskr ; swift, lively ; 
kaske (^/.) Hav. 1841 ; see craak. 
casse, sb., O.Fr. casse, cf. mod.Eng, case; 
box, PR. p. 269 ; cas Ch. C. t. A 2080. 
oassen, v., Fr, casser ; quash ; casaed {pple) 
E.G. 311. 

cassidoin, sb., 0.^r. cassidoine ; chalcedony; 
casaidoines {pi.) a. p. ii. 1471. 
oast, sb., O.N. kast ; cast, throw. Will. 4652 ; 
Mand. 92 ; Ch. C. t. A 3605 ; Flor. 1406 ; 
WiCL. NUM. xxxv. 17 ; ANT. Arth. xlviii. 
caste, see chastien. 

castel, sb., O.E., O.Fr. castel; castle, Bek. 2089; 
)?aBt castel Lk. xix. 30 ; j>ene castel Laj. 191 ; 
castel and burj me mai iwinne o. & N. 766 ; 
kastel Orm. 19941 ; castelle (dat.) Mat. xxi. 
2; castele ayenb. 121; castele, castle L-ij. 
i4i38> 30771 ; caatlea (>/.) Sax. chr. 251. 
castel-buri, sb., castle precincts, Laj. 6714- 
castel-^at, sb., castle-gcUe, La^. 18652. 
caatel-toun, sb., Alis. 5i3i, 



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castel. 



oeint. 



109 



oastel-touTy sb., castle tower ^ Trist. 158. 
oastel-wal, sb., castle wall^ HOM. I. 141 ; 
Man. (F.) 5078. 
eastel-werk, sb., castellated work^ Will. 

232a 

castelet, sb., OJ*'r, castelet, chastelet ; small 
castle^ s. s. (Web.) 2754; chastelet Langl. 

castellainy sb., O.Fr, castellain ; master of a 
castle^ Gow. I. 184. 

oastellioiiy sb., castellan, Gener. 3128. 

casten, v., O.N, kasta ; cast, throw, spec. 37 ; 
Ch. Tro. Hi. 711; to casten him in irens 
Langl. A iv. 72 ; kasten Kath. 946 ; caste 
Gow. I. 334; WiCL. John viii. 59; Perc 
682; anker . . . kaste Horn (H.) 1053; 
keasten Jul. 67 ; kesten A. R. 56; kesten in 
feteres Hav. 1784 ; keste ayenb. 99 ; Man. 
(H.) 54 ; oastoS (pres,) HOM. II. 177 ; a . . . 
rote fet kest vele kveade bo5es ayenb. 31 ; 
caste (pret.) hom. I. 47 ; Laj. 1919* ; ROB. 
151 ; Brd. 8 ; Mand. 93 ; kaste Kath. 
1360; it kaste a cri Map 339; keste IsuM. 
608; hi oasten [pL) heore lot MISC. 50; kesten 
Gaw. 1649; oast Ipple.) Flor. 2181; icast 
HOM. I. 51 ; Bek. 450 ; C. L. 807 ; TRANS. 
XVIII. 25 ; ikest A. R. 228 ; comp. a-, bi-, 
fbr-, over-, uxnbe-oasten. 
casteroy sb., caster, WiCL. prov. xxviii. 7. 
oastinge, sb., casting, WiCL. S. w. I. 351 ; 
casting (vomit) WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 22 ; kasting 
Will. 942. 

castigation, sb., chastisement, Ch. l. s. 26. 

cafltraoionn, sb., castrcUion; cutting out a 
hive; Pall. vii. 113 ; xi. 267. 

casnel, adj., Fr. casuel, mod.E. casual ; acci- 
dental, Ch. Tro. iv. 391. 
oasnel-liy adv., casually, Ch. h. f. 679. 

oaroelte, sb., Fr. casualit^ ; chance, N. p. 23. 

cat, sb., 0,E. catt, cf, O.N. kottr m., O.Fris. 
kattc, OJI.G. chaza /C, Lot. catus, cattus, Jr., 
Gael, cat m., Welsh cath/y cat, A. R. 102 ; 
H. M. 37 ; AYENB. 1 79 ; Langl. B prol. 
149; Ch. C. t. Z>35o; Ar. & Mer. 8726; 
cat, kat O. & N. 810, 831 ; ofte muse)> |>e kat 
after hire moder REL. I. 180; cattes {gen.) 
Langl. ^prol. 179; cattes drit p. s. 240; 
kattes minte catmint, *nep{e)ta * rel. I. 37 ; 
cattes (pL) Mand. 129. 

oatapnoe, sb., O.Fr. catapuce, from Lot. 
catopotium ; a plant, Ch. C. t. ^4I55- 

catecomeling, sb., catechumen, Langl. 6728 
(W.) ; oatektunelinges (//.) B xi. it. 

catel, sb., O.Fr. catel, chatel, Lat. capitale, 
modlEng. cattle and chattel; property, 
chattel, cattle ; Laj. 30673* ; Hay. 225 ; c. L. 
990; ayenb. 36; Rich. 1546; Langl. -5 vii. 
22; s. s. (Wr.) 1 2 10; wib heore catel and 
heore gode trans. XVI 1 1. 24; catel hadde 
Jci mough and rente Ch. C. T. A 373 ; catell 



c. M. 6002 ; chatel HOM. I. 271 ; chetel A. R. 

224 {v. r. feh) ; ohateus {pi.) Rob. 18. 
oateraote, sb., Fr. cataracte ; cataract, 

TowNL. 29; cateraotes (pi.) Townl. 32; 

cateractes Lidg. (in N. E. D.). 
oaterwrawed, v., caterwauling : gon a cater- 

wrawed [wawed] Ch. C. t. Z? 354. 
cathedral, adj., O.Fr. cathedral ; cathedral, 

Rob. 282. 

oatirpel, sb., caterpillar, PR. p. 63. 
catour, see aohatour. 
caticdy sb., O.Fr. caucid, chauci6 ; cause^vay, 

paved road, PR. P. 64; kauce Man. (H.) 183. 

oauod-wei, sb., causeway, PR. p. 64. 
oauoion, sb., Fr. caution ; caution (bail, 

secufity, pledge), Rob. 506 ; caucioun WiCL. 

Lk. xvi. 6; kaucion Alis. 281 i. 
oaudel, sb., O.Fr. caudel, chaudel; caudle, 

Rob. 561 ; cawdel Langl. A v. 205. 
caudron, sb., O.Fr. cauderon, chauderon; 

caldron, Brd. 17 ; LEG. 41 ; Trey. V. 323. 
oanken, v., OJ^r. cauquer (trample) ; trecul, 

copulate as a cock, Langl. B xii. 229 ; oau- 

kede (pret.) xi. 350. 
catd, sb., O.K. caul, cawl, = aA^. kal, O.H.G. 

chol, col ',from Lat. caul is ; cabbage, FRAG. 3 ; 

kaul Yoc. 141 ; coul mir. pl. 8 ; kal rel. I. 

52 ; cal [col] c M. 12526 ; col L. c C 48 ; 

cool Pall. i. 879. 
oaul-, col-plante, sb., cabbage; k51e- 

plantes (pl.) Langl. B\\. 288. 
oftl-stok, sb., O.N. kalstokkr ; cabbage'Stem, 

Yoa 190 ; PR. p. 58. 
oauri-mauri, sb., a sort of coarse stuff, Langl. 

A 1.62; see oarL 
oauBOy sb., Fr. cause ; cause, a. R. 316 ; ayenb. 

224; Ch. C. T. ^ 419 ; bi oause, because 

174 ; be cause Mand. 15, 46. 
oause-lSs, adj., causeless, Ch. Tro. iv. 1448 ; 

Gener. 724 ; causelesse Ch. An. 229. 
causen, v., />. causer ; cause; oauae}> (/r^^.) 

Gow. I. 262 ; R. R. 4235. 
oauseTy sb., one who causes, M. God 12. 
oauteley sb., Fr, cautele ; cunning, PR. p. 64 ; 

Gow. III. 140; oautelis {pl.) WiCL. S. w. I. 

6 ; cautelis gest. R. (H.*) 123. 
oautelous, adj., cautious, crafty ; cautelouse 

WiCL. Job v. 13 ; cautellousWiCL.s. w. 1. 223. 
cdve, sb., Fr. cave ; cave, gen. & ex. 1137 ; 

Will. 25 ; Ch. C. t. B 500. 
oavely see keveL 
cavern, sb., O.Fr. caverne; cavern, Ch. 

BOET. iii. 9 (82). 
oaviUacioun, sb., O.Fr. cavillacion ; cut of 

cavilling, Ch. C. t. Z>2I36. 
oedre, sb., Fr. cedre; cedcu^, ayenb. 131 ; 

c M. 1377. 
ceint, sb., O.Fr. ceint, Lat. cinctus ; girdle^ 

Ch. C. T. a 329; saint Iw, 1772. 



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no 



oelebrable. 



ohaft. 



oelebrable, adj., 0,Fr, celebrable ; celebrated^ 

famous^ Ch. Boet. iii. 9 (84). 

oelestiikly adj., 0,Fn celestial ; celestial^ hea- 
venly y Gow. III. 301. 

oelidoinOy sb., 0,Fr, celidoine; celandiney 
SPEC. 36. 

celixiy v., ceil (a room) ; cover (a walt)y * celoy 
PR. P. 65. 
oelinge, sb., ceilings Fer. 1330. 

oelle, sb., 0,Fr, celle ; celly p. l. s. ix. 60 ; PL. 
CR. 739; celle [selle] Ch. C. i,A 172; oelleB 
(//.) A. R. 152 ; cellen ayenb. 267. 

oeller^ sb., O.Fr, celier, Lat, cellarium ; 
cellar^ Gow. III. 12 ; celer PR. P. 65 ; celere 
A. R. 214 ; selers {pi.) WiCL. PS. cxliii. 13. 

oellerer, sb., Fr. ceUener ; cellarery rel. I. 

273- 
oelsitude, sb., 0,Fr. celsitude ; loftiness^ cr. 

LOVE 610. 
oelure, sb., canopy ^ screen ; selure, PL. CR. 

201 ; Gaw. 76 ; a celour or a coverlit, * cela- 

torium * VOC. (W.W.) 571 ; selour E. w. 76 ; 

silour 36 ; silure ' celatura ' PR. P. 456. 
oementingy sb., binding together^ Ch. C. t. 

6^817. 

oempe, see kempe. 
oendal, sb., 0,Fr, cendal, sendal ; a rick stuffy 

MISC. 43 ; sendal P. L. s. i. 1 1 ; Ch. C. t. 

^440. 
oene, sb., OSr, qaine; the Lord*s Supper y 

WiCL. APOC PROL. 

oenefeotoriey adj., LcU, scenifactoria (ars) ; 

cenefectone craft {tent-making trade)y WiCL. 

DEEDS xviii. 3. 
oenithy senith, sb., O.Fr, cenith ; zenithy Ch. 

ASTR. i. 19 (11). 
oense, sb., for enoens ; incensey WiCL. lev. 

ii. I. 
oense % sb., OJ^r, cense, Lat, census ; tribute ; 

?cence {printed tenet) Alis. 3025. 
oensen, sensen. v., offer incensey pr. p. 66 ; 

sensinge {pple.) Ch. C. t. A 3341. 
censingey sb., the act of offering incensCy 

PR. P. 66. 
oenser^ sb., for enoenser ; O.Fr. encensier ; 

censer ; censer [sencer, senser, sensure] Ch. 

C. T. A 3340. 
oenty sb., 0,Fr, cent, Lat. centum ; hundredy 

OCTOv: (W.) 1463. 
centre* sb., Fr, centre ; centrcy Gow. III. 92 ; 

Ch. ASTR. i. 21 (12). 
centnre, sb., 0,Fr, centoire ; centaury {a herb)y 

[v.r, centaure, sentaurie] Ch. C. t. ^94153. 
cepter, oeptre, sb., OJ*'r. sceptre ; sceptrcy 

PR. P. 66; Alis. 6716. 
cerchexiy v., 0,Fr, cerchier; search \ cerche 

LiDG. M. P. 159 ; serche D. Troy 1537 ; seer- 
gin PR. p. 453 ; serohit ( pret,) D. Troy 1533 ; 

oerohed (pple) Hand. 315. 
oeerohing^, sb., searchingy PR. P. 67. 



cercle, sb., Fr, cercle ; circUy l, H. R. 28 ; 

Gaw. 615 ; Trev. V. 171. 
cercleiiy serclen, v., OJ^r, cercler, from 

LcU, circulare ; encircUy Ch. Tro. Hi. 1717. 
oerge, sb., O.Fr, cerge ; wc^ candlcy Ed. 1274; 

oergeB {pL) Ha v. 594 ; see serge, 
oerial, adj., Ital, c<txtaXty from cerro evergreen 

oak: 00k cerial evergreen oaky Ch. C. t. 

A 2290. 
cerimoiiiy oeremoin, cerimonie, sb., OFr. 

cerimonie ; ceremony y WiCL. deut. xi. 32. 
oerty adv., 0,Fr, cert ; certcdnlyy Alis. 5802. 
certeiiiy adj. & adv., Fr, certain; certain^ 

Rob. 52 ; Man. (F.) 4875. 
oertain-liolie, adv., certainly y LEG. 47. 
oerteintey O.Fr. certainet^ ; certainty y Man. 

(H.) 278. 
certeSy adv., Fr, certes ; certainly y o. & N. 

1769; Fl. & Bl. 523; p. L. S. xvii. 441; 

Will. 732. 
certifie, v., Fr, certifier ; certifyy PR. c 6546 ; 

we . . . oertifie {pres,) Gow. I. 192. 
ceruce [seruce], sb., Fr. ceruse; ceruse 

{white lead)y Ch. C. t. A 630. 
oessaoidxiy sb., O.Fr. cessation; cessattoH^ 

LUD. Cov. 107. 
oesseiiy ceseiiy v., O.Fr. cesser; cease, Langl. 

.^ii. 122; ccsse Ch. C. t. ^1066; cese 

TRANS. XIX. 329; sese Will. 1516; lesed 

{pple,) Gaw. i. 
eeBsing^ [oesinge], sb., discontinmngy 

WiCL. LEV. xxiii. 2. 
cestred* oestered^ adj., darkenedy PS.cxxxviiL 

12 ; Ixxiii. 20. 
cete^ cethe-grandey sb., Lat. cetus, pi 

cete (grandia) ; whalcy Misa 16. 
oetewale, cetuale, see sedewaL 
oe'Sen, see ouS8e. 

chaalamiy see calami, chdoe, see oaohe. 
ohaceable, adj.^/ to be huntedy Gow. II. 169. 
cMoen, ohdoinge, see caoohen, 
ohaeeouTy ohasur, sb., hunter {horse\ P. L. 

s. ii. 109. 
ohaere, sb., 0,Fr. chaere, Zo/. cathedra, Gr. 

Kd$€ipa; chair y HORN (L.) 1261 ; ROB. 321; 

chaire P. L. s. xvii. 256 ; chaiere Horn (R.) 

1271 ; c M. 9954. 
ohaf, sb., 0,E, ceaf, cef, = M.L.G.y M.Du. 

leaf; chaff La."^. 29256; Orm. 1528; GEN. fit 

EX. 2889; chaf [caf] C.M.4751 ; chef HOM.I. 

85; A. R.270; fet chef AYENB. 62; caf PR. C 

3148; APOL. 54; oheve (dat.) HOM. I. 85; 

AVENB. 210; ^a chefu [^paleas*^ Mat. iii. 12. 
ohaf-finohy sb., chcffinchy PR. P. 68. 
chifen, see ohaiifen. 
ohaffare, see ohSapflare under oh§ap. 
ohaft, sb., 0,N. kiaptr ; jaWy ' mcucillc^ CATH. 

57 ; ohaftis {pi.) ant. Arth. (M.) xi. 
ohaft-bftn, sb., c. M. 1073. 



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Google 



(Cjhaine. 



ohappen. 



jn 



chamOy sb., 0,Fr. chaene; chain \ cheine 

Man. (F.) 8661 ; chaines {pi.) ayenb. 264. 
chainin, v., chain \ Pcheenin PR. P. 72; 

oheine (pres.) Langu CtosL 287. 
phaire, see ohaere. 
chaisel, sb., O.Fr. chaisel, chainsil; linen, 

linen garment, Alis. 279; S. S. (Web.) 1 8 14; 

cheisil La^. 23761 ; misc. 51. 
Chalami, see calami. 
chalandrOy sb., Fr. calandre ; sort of lark, 

p. L, S. XXXV. 97. 
Chdld, see o^d. 
chalenge, sb., O.Fr, chalonge, calenge; 

challenge, claim^ injustice, ayenb. 34 ; calenge 

Shor. 131. 
chalengeable, adj., that may be challenged, 

Langl. Cxiv. 117. 
chalengen, v., O.Fr, chalengier, calengier; 

challenge; accuse; claim : chaJenge [* calum- 

m'ari^] WiCL. I PARAL. xvi. 21 ; Ch. C. T. D 

1200; chalange M. H. 3 ; PR. c 2253 ; calangi 

Rob. 45 1 ; kalengeat ( pres,) a. R. 54 ; calenge)) 

AYEN& 43 ; ohalanged (pple.) Langl. B v. 

174. 
dhalanger, sb., challenger, accuser, rel. I. 

8; WiCL. PS. had. 4 ; ohalengeris (pi.) Job 

XXXV. 9. 
flhalenglnge, sb., challenging, contrcuUc- 

tion,V^lCU GEN. xliii. 18; LANGL. ^xv. 

338 ; chalanginge {accusing) B v. 88. 
chalf, see cal£ ohalioe^ see oaloh. 
chalk, sb., O.E. ceaXc,^ O.H.G. calc, chalc, 

Jrom Lot. calx ; chalk, Ch. C. t. G 806 ; calk, 

chalk, calx, * creta ' PR. P. 58. 
ohalk-whit, adj., white like chalk, Gaw. 798. 
ohale-ston, sb., O.E. cealcstan ; chalkstone, 

PRAG.4; chalkston CH. C. T. G 1207. 
ohaldn, sb., O.Fr. chalon, cf. ntod.Eng. 

shalloon; a sort 0/ woollen stuff, ^tapetum,* 

voc 178; chalun Uoral* PR. P. 68 ; chaloun 

E, G. 351 ; Chalons {pi.) CH. C. T. A 4140. 
champaine, sb., OJ^r, champaigne; plain, 

open country, DREAM 2064. 
ohampartie, sb., O.Fr. champart ; partner- 

ship, Ch. C. t. .r4i949; LiDG. m. p. 131; 

champertie £. G. 400. 
chamberling, sb., cf. O.Fr. chamberlan, 

O.H.G. chamarlinc ; chamberlain ; chamber- 

ling, A. R. 410 ; chamberlein RoB. 390. 
duunbre, sb., OJ^r. chambre; chamber, Bek. 

452; M AND. 24; chaumbre A. R. 92 ; chombre 

AYENB. 215. 

ohamber-dore, sb., chamber door^ Iw. 61 ; 
chambirdore I sum. 652. 

ohattmber^wotiliy sb., chamber-wall^ Jos. 
204. 

obambrdre, sb., />. chambriere; chamber- 
woman, Mand. 102, 
chamely see oamSL 



ohamlit, sb., some eastern fabric, N. E. D. ; 

chamelot QUAIR clvii. 
champion, campion, sb., O.Fr. champion ; 

champion, PR. p. 69 ; champioun CHR. E. 49 ; 

campion c L. 906; ohampiuns {pi.) A. R. 236. 
chance, see cheance. 
chancel, sb., />. chancel; chancel; chauncel 

PR. p. 71. 
chanceler, sb., Fr. chancelier; chancellor, 

p. L. s. xvii. 240; canceler Sax. chr. 251. 
chancelerie, sb., Fr. chancellerie; chancellor- 
ship, Bek. 359 ; chaunceb-ie Langl. B prol, 

93. 
chancerie, ohauncerie, sb.,^ ohanoelerie ; 

chancery, LiDG. M. p. 104. 
chandeler, see oandeler, 
Chanel, see caneL 
change, sb., O.Fr. change ; change ; chaunge 

REL. 1. 268 ; chonge ayenb. 104. 
changeable, adj., changeable,TK^v. II. 201 ; 

PR. c. 1473. 
changen, v., O.Fr. changier ; change ; chaun- 

gen A. R.6; H. m. 7 ; chaungi Horn (L.) 1052; 

change}) {pres.) treat, i 39 ; ohangede {pret.) 

Marh. 3 ; Laj. 3791*. 
changinge, sb., change; pen. ps. 38; 

chaunginge A. R. 6 ; Trev. II. 201. 
changeour, sb., Fr. changeur ; changer, rel, 

I. 7 ; chaungeris {pi.) WiCL. Mat. xxi. 12*. 
chanoun, see oanonie. 
chantable, adj., worthy to be sung, Wicl. ps. 

cxviii. 54. 
chanten, v., Fr. chanter ; chant ; chaunte)' 

{pres.) Ch. C. t. A 3367. 
chantement, sb., enchantment, Rob. 243 ; b. 

DISC 1900; Will. 653. 
chanterie, sb., OJ^r. chanterie; chantry; 

chaunterie Ch. C. t. A 510. 
chantur, sb., O.Fr. chanteur ; chanter ; chaun- 

tur s. a. L. 60 ; chauntour Trev. II. 349. 
chape, see cape, 
chapelein, sb., OJ^r. chapelain; chaplain, 

Bek. 961 ; Langl. Cxiv. 127. 
chapelet, sb., O.Fr. chapelet ; chaplet, PR. P. 

69. 
chapelle, sb., O.Fr. chapelle, chapele; chapel, 

Gaw. 2186 ; chapele Marh. 20 ; Rob. 473 ; 

AYENB. 56. 
chapitle, sb., O.Fr. capitle, chapitre; chapter; 

summary, p. s. 254; ayenb. 220; capitle, 

chapitle PR. P. 61 ; capitle WiCL. Heb. viii. 

I ; chapitre P. L. s. xvii. 435 ; Ch. astr. ii. 

9 (22) ; oheapitres {pi.) A. R. 14 ; chapitles 

p. s. 332 ; capiteles ayenb. 43. 
chapitel-, ohapitre-hous, sb., chapter^ 

house, Langl. By. 174. 
chappen, v., = M.Du. kappen ; split, chap 

{the hands) ; chappid {pple) RICH. 4550; 

TOWNL. 98. 



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112 



char. 



chaveL 



ohar^ chare, see^ earre. 

oharbuole, see oarbimcle. 

ohar-oole, sb., charcoal^ ^ carboi PR. P. 69; 

Gaw. 875. 

ohareiiy see oherren. 
oharge, sb., 0,Fr, charge, carche; charge^ 

A. R. 140; Rob. 416 ; charge, charche Trev. 

VII. 405 ; charche E. G. 358 ; charges (//.) 

Mand. 302. 
ohargeaunty adj.» 0,Fr, chargeant ; burden- 

some^ Ch. C. t. 7692. 
ohargeouSy adj., burdensome^ Ch. C. t. ed, 

MorriSy p. 160 (iff 2433 has chargeant) ; WiCL. 

3 Cor. XI. 9 ; charjous Wicl. prov. xxvii. 3. 
ohargeour, sb., charger {large dish\ H. R. 

136; L. c. c. 21 ; B. B. 142. 
chargm^ v., 0,Fr, chargier, carchier, carquier; 

chargey PR. P. 69; oharge)> {pres,) ayenb. 

97; chargede (Pret») Brd. ii ; charged 

(pfile.) PR. C. 2949; charged, karked c. M. 

8253 ; icharged A. R. 204; icarked ayenb. 138. 
oharien, see oarien. 
charieter, sb., charioteer^ Wicl. 3 kings xxii. 

34 ; 4 KINGS ii. 12. 
Ch^^y adj., 0,E, cearig, = O.H.G. charag, 

(fmod,Eng, chary) ; from o&re ; sady sorrow- 
ful: turtle ledej> charij lif Orm. 1274. 
chariot, sb., Fr. chariot ; chariot y Trev. III. 

391. 
charitable, adj., Fr, charitable; charitabley 

Ch. C. t. a 143. 
charite, see oaritSd. 

oharitouSy adj., full of charity y Gow. 1. 172. 
oharkm, cherkin, v., O.E. cearcian (?= 

cracian); creaky ^ stride y PR. p. 70, 76; 

charke Gow. II. 102 ; Wicl. Amos ii. 13. 
charmey sb., O.Fr, charme; charm, Langl. 

B xiii. 342 ; oharmes (pi.) ayenb. 43. 
charmin, v., 0,Fr. charmer ; charm^ * incan- 

tOy fascinOy PR. P. 70. 
oharmere, sb., charmer y ayenb. 257. 
oharmereBse, sb., enchantress, witchy 

ayenb. 19; oharmeresses (pi.) Ch. h. f. 

1261. 

oharmingy sb., enchantmenty Alis. 404. 
chamely sb., 0,Fr. camel; chamel-house, 

Langl. -5 vi. 60. 
charre, see cherre. 

charreiy sb., 0,Fr, carrei, charei; vehiclesy 
ccariagesy Alis. 5096. 

chartre, sb., O./V. chartre; chartery Hay. 

676; Langl. Bxi, 122 ; cartre Roa 77, 
chartre, sb., 0,Fr, chartre ; prisony gen. & 

ex. 2043. 
chaste, adj., O.Fr. chaste ; chastCy A. R. 368 : 

Hay. 288. 
. ohaat-hed, sb., chastity y gen. & EX. 2022 ; 

chasthede aYenB. 230. 



chaste-liohe, adv., chastely, ayenb. 239. 
ohasteine, cheBtein(e), sb., O.Fr. chas- 

taigne ; chesnuty Ch. C. t. A 2922 ; chesteine 

PR. p. 73 ; ohesteines (pi) Mand. 307. 
kestein-tree, sb., chestnut tree, Wicl. ISk 

xliv. 14. 
chastete, sb., O.Fr. chastet^ ; chastity, A. R. 

6; AYENB. 159; chastite Misa 227, 
chastiement, sb., 0,Fr, chastiement ; chas* 

tisement, A. R. 72 ; chastisement ayenb. 17. 
chastien, v., 0,Fr. chastier, from Lat. casti- 

gare; chasteny chastiscy rel. I. 131 (hom. II. 

11); chasten A. R. 218 ; chastie leg. 16 ; chasti 

Rob. 428 ; ayenb. 8 ; pr. c. 3549 ; chasten, 

chasti^en (? chastizen), chastisen LAKGL.i9v. 

34; chastizin PR. P. 70; oha0te|> (pres,) 

AYENB. 17; castede (pret.) hom. II. 137; 

chastised Will. 54. 
ohastinge, sb., chastisement, ayenb. 68; 

Langl. B'w. 117. 
ehastisinge, sb., chastisingy PR. p. 70; Gow. 

II. 44; Wicl. leV. xxvi. 18. 
chastisen, see ohastiem 
ohasur, see chaoeour. 
chat, sb., Fr, chat ; catkin : ]>e chattes (//.) <tf 

hasele Mand. 168. 
chatel, see catel. 

chatere, sb., chatter (dat,), o. & N. 284. 
chaterin, v., chattery ^garrio,' PR. p. 70; 

cheateren A. R. 152 ; chatre Lidg. m. P. 150; 

dhaterest (pres.) o. & N. 322 ; chetere)> Trev. 

1.239; ohatere (subj.) Langl. Cxvii. 69; 

chatre Langl. B xiv. 226 ; dhetering (ppk) 

h. s. 359. 

ohaterer, sb., chatterer^ cath. 60. 
dhaterestre, sb., (female) chatterer, a & N. 

655. 
chateringe [ohatering], sb., chatteringy 0. 

& N. 576, 744- 
chaud, adj., O.Fr, chaud; hot, Langl. ^vl 

313. 

chatincelrie, see ohanoelerie* 
chauncerie, see ohancerie. 
chaiifen,v., O.Fr. chaufer ; chafe, make wamii 

become warm, ant. Arth. xxxv ; chaufe 

Parten. 224 ; chaffin ' calefacio ' PR. P. 68 ; 

ohaiifed (pple.) Wicl. Is. xliv. 15. 
chaufur, sb., chafery E. w. loi ; chafur 46; 

chafour * calefactorium ' PR. p. 68 ; w. & 1. 23. 
chaul, chaulen, see ohavel, ohavelen. 
chavel, sb., O.E. ceafl, }^OX.G. kafel (dot, 
pi. kaflun), M.L.G. kavel ; mod.Eng. jowl,y&r 

chowl ; jawy Trist. 1468 ; chavil Iw. 1991 ; 

chaul Alis.* 1119; Wicl. i kings xvii. 35; 

chewil * mandibulum ' voa 187 ; choule (dot) 

AUD. 77 ; chole PL. CR. 224 ; ben chin him of 

swipte mid alle J>an chevele La^. 26056; 

chffiflea [choules] (pL) Laj. 6^07 ; chaveles 

REL. I. 220; chavelis [chaulisj c M. 7510; 

chaules Map 338. 



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Google 



ohaveL 



chekkin. 



AX3 



ohavil-bSn, dhanlbdiiy %h, Jawbone ; ^man- 
dibula^ PR. P. 70; chavilbon lud. Cov. 37. 

oliayelen, v., cf, Z.C7^.kavelen, Z>«.kevelen; 
chatter \ chaule P. S. 240; ohefleC, cheofle^ 
(pres) A. R. 70, 128. 

chavelingOy sb^ chattering^ gabble: mid 
chavlmg(e) and mid chatere O. & N. 284; 
chevelunge A. R. 100. 

cheafer, sb., 0,E, citsSor,^M,Du. kever, 
C>^.c;.chevar,kever; cockchafer \ oheaffen 
(//.) [' scarabaet'] Trev. II. 21 1. 

oheafle, sb.,y^<7m ohavelen ; f chatter^ gabble y 
A. R. 72. 

oheake, sb., O.^. ceace, ceoce, = 0,Fris, 
tziake, ziakc, MX.G. keke, kake, J/J?«. cake 
/., Swed. kek ««. (cheek Jaw) ; ^A^^^, AYENB. 
248; his overe cheoke Marg. 159; cheke 
^maloygena* PR. P. 72; ^gena' VOC 185; 
7w<^' 145; [*Wa:i77/a;w'] WiCL.JUDG.xv. 15; 
SPEC 34; Gow. II. 14 ; choke L. H. R. 218 ; 
chdoken (pL) A. R. 70 ; chekes Langl. A iv. 
37 ; chekes, cheekes Ch. C. t. A 633 ; chekes, 
chokes Man. (F.) 1820 ; ohSken (dot. pL) 
HOM. 11.73; ^^- LIT. II. 
dhek-bdn^ sb., 0£. ceacban; cheek-bone^ 
FER.5650; cheekboon [^ maxillam*] WiCL. 
JUDO. XV. 15 : chekebon PR. P. 72. 

cheanoe»sb., 0,F'r. cheance; chance, Rob. 14; 
cheaunce Shor. 60; chaunce PR. a 3768; 
god ^e )« good chaunce Ch. C. t. G 593. 

ohdap, sb., O.E. ceap, cep, c/. 0,L,G. cop, 
OJ^ris. kap m,, OJV. kaup n., 0,H.G. chouf 
«. ; mod£ng. cheap ; purchase, bargain: hire 
cheap wes be w(u)rse Laj. 385 ; no mihtest ))u 
)«irh nen(n)e chep finde neouwer na bred 
31799 ; deoie cheap hefdes tu on me HOM. I. 
281 ; so liht cheap A. R. 398 ; begge as guod 
cheap ase me mai ayenb. 44 ; ))et is ))e wun- 
dcrlukeste chep (bargain) ^t eni mon efre 
fondc ROM. I. 163 ; cheep ^pretium * PR. P. 
72; god chep of com P. S. 341 ; good chep 
(don march/) or dere Gow. II. 169 ; light chep 
TowNL. 102; gret chep (grand mar chi) Ch. 
C T. Z> 523 ; Mand. 208 ; bien gret chep (for 
god chep) WiCL. E. w. 185 ; in chepe * inforo' 
Trev. VIII. 319. 

chdap-fleure, sb., mod.Eng, chaffer; nier- 
ckandise, trade, AYENB. 36 ; cheffare A. R. 
310; Misa 40 ; Hay. 1657 ; P. l. s. xxi. 67 ; 
chafere a L. 11 12; Langl. A PROL. 31; 
[^ negotiation] WiCL. Is. xxiii. 3. 
oh&p-iiBud, v., chaffer, trade, ayenb. 162 ; 
chaffare Ch. C. t. B 139. 
oh&p-moin, sb., 0,E, ceap-, cep-, cypman» 
« O.H,G, choufinan ; chapman, merchant, 
A. R. 208 ; chep-, chapmon L^. 30681, 30690; 
chapmon O. & N. 1575 ; chapman * mercator' 
PR. P. 69 ; Ch. C. t. -4 397 ; ohi»pmen (pL) 
Laj. 11356; chepmen R. s. vii ; chep-, chap- 
men MISC. 39, 76 ; chapmen Hav. 51 ; (ms. 
chappmenn) Orm. 15783. 
t 



oh&pman-hdd, sb., * mercaius,' PR. P. 69 ; 
chapmanhode Ch. C. t. B 143. 

ohdap-Boajnel, sb., 0,E, ceapsceamul; 
counter, * teloneum,* Lk. v. 27. 
cheapien, v., O.E, ceapian, = ^.Z.(x. copon, 
O^Fris, kapia, 0,N, kaupa, Goth, kaupon, O, 
H,G, chaufan, choufon; purchase, buy: wi« 
chatel mon mai luve cheape HOM. I. 271 ; 
ch(e)api [chepin] ... & sullen Jul. 63 ; chepen 
Gaw. 1271 ; chepin * licitor' PR. P. 72 ; chepe 
Ch. C. t. D 268 ; ohdpe (pres.) p. s. 159 ; hwon 
he vor so liht wur^ . . . cheapen j)ine soule 
A. R. 290 ; heo cheapens (sells) hire soule )>e 
chepmon of helle 418; ohfipede (pret^ 
OCTOV. (W.) 389; cheped Langl. ^Pxiii. 
380; cheapeden Mat. xxi. 12; cf, ohepen 
and ooupen. 

ohdapild, adj.,/^«</ of bargaining, A. R. 418. 

chdpinge, sb., (9.£'.ceping, ceaping, ceapung ; 
act of buying; market; ^forum^ HOM. II.2 1 1 ; 
Laj. 23413 ; Will. 1822 ; Langl. A iv. 43 ; 
chepin^ Jul. 52; cheepinge ]^foro'\ WiCL. 
Mat. XL 16. 

ohdping-b5]>e9 sb., market-booth, Orm. 

15573. 
ohdpeing-touny sb., market town. Am. & 

Amil. 1700, 1816. 
chea8te» sb., 0,E. ceast, cf O.Fris, kase, 

O.H.G, kosa ; dispute, contention, strife : )>e 

vormest(e) is cheaste o^Ser strif A. R. 200; 

cheast HOM. IL 163; cheaste, chiaste AYENB. 

65, 67; cheste HOM. I. iii; Shor. 113; 

OCTOV. (W.) 754 ; )>eos cheste o. & n. 177 ; 

cheste and sake 1160 ; wibouten cheste Rich. 

5143 ; s. s. (Wr.) 1638 ; cneeste Langl. iff xiii. 

109 ; strif and cheste [cheestej Ch. C. t. / 

556 ; chost P. s. 151 ; Mirc 338. 
cheOy see ohek. 
oh6f, sb. & adj., O.Fr, chef; chief; chief, ROB. 

74, 212 ; Man. (F.) 940; chief Bek. 1003. 
ohief-oite, sb., chief city, p. L. S. xiiL 42. 
cheef-mete, sb., / chief meat, Langl. A vii. 

281. 

oh6f-8liward, sb., chief steward,^ ill. z^^l, 
chefy see oha£ 

ohdfTare, see ohfiapflBtfe, under ohSap. 
cheine, see chaine. cheisily see chaisel. 
ohek, sb., O.Fr. eschec ; check, pr. p. 71 ; chek 

mat check mate s. A. L. 213 ; Ch. Tro. ii. 

754 ; chekkea (pi) defeats Trev. III. 231 ; 

choB [0./^r. eschecs] chess, Ch. D. Bl. 619; 

plaie ate ches ayenb. 52. 
cheke, see chSake. 
ch^keful, -lew, see under oh6oke. 
cheker, v., 0,Fr, eschekier ; chess-board; ex- 
chequer ; ayenb. 45; escheker Fl. & Bl. 345; 

esscheker \v, r, cheker] Langl. A iv. 26. 
chekered, adj., checkered, pr. p. 72. 
ohekkiny v., check, pr. p. 72 ; cheke (pres) 

Langl. Cxxi. 287. 



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Google 



114 



oh^lde. 



Cher. 



ch61de» see k61de. ohele, see dheole. 
ohele, sb., O.E. cele, ciele, cyle,cile m,; cold, 

coolness^ HOM. I. 33; La^. 3081 i; Orm. 

1615; MISC. 73; Rob. 7; spec no; ayenb. 

75; p. s. 256; Gow. II. 369; Langl. -<4i. 

23 ; Trev. I. 13$ ; now^er heate ne chele 

Kath. 1 701 ; in ))e nor))half . . . no man ne 

wonej) for chele treat. 137 ; chele, chule, 

P. L. s. viil 100, 118 ; chile Brd. 3. 
chelle, sb., O.E. cille, cylle, = a//:<7. chella ; 

censer^ hom. I. 193. 
chemene, chimenee, sb., O.Fr, cheminee ; 

chimney iJUmacey Ch. C. t. A 3776 ; chimenee 

Langl. (Wr.) 5803; chimnei WiCL. Mat. 

xiii. 42. 
chemise, sb., 0,Fr, chemise; chemise^ rel, 

I. 129 (hom. II. 162). 
oh^ne, see ohine. 

[ohdoke-y eh6ke-9 stem </oh6oken.] 
ch6ke-,oh6kefta,adj., choke-fully D. Arth. 

1552, 3604. 
oh6ke,-ch6ke-l6Wyadj.,a///^ choke i sitkht 

is medid with a cheklew \v^r. chokelew, 

chekelew] bane Halliw. 243. 
cli^oken, v., choke \ chekin * suffbco^ PR. P. 

72 ; cheke H. s. 3192 ; ohdke {pres, subj,) 

TowNL. 91 ; chdkede (prel,) Trev. IV. 139 ; 

comfi, a-c^6oken. 
oheole, sb., O.E. ceoley^ M.Du. kele, O.H.G, 

chela ; throcU : martres cheole P. L. s. viii. 182 ; 

herte him . . . on J^e chel(e) Fer. 3194. 
oheorl, sb., 0,E. ceorl, = Ger. kerl, mod. 

Enz. churl; husbandman, rustic, churl, 

fellow, FRAG. 2 ; Laj. 4260 ; MISC. 108 ; jiene 

cheorl a. R. 86 ; clipe )>inne cheorl (husband) 

John iv. 16; cherl [*rusticus*] WiCL. WISD. 

xvii. 16; Orm. 14788; gen. & ex. 2715; 

ayenb. 76 ; Alis. 5598 ; Will. 4 ; Iw. 268 ; 

Ch. C. t. Z>2i82 ; )ie cherl is def sPEa iii ; 

a gret cherl Langl. A v. 204 ; cherl, chorl 

PL. CR. 221 ; chorl LiDG. M. p. 182 ; oheorles 

[chorles], cherles (gen.) o. & N. 512, 1494; 

oheorles (pi.) John iv. 18 ; j)a eorles & 6a 

sweines & ))a cheorles La^ 11904; chorfes 

A. P. ii. 1258; cherles ['send*] Trev. III. 

415; bine cherles fine hine Hav. 620; 

dheorlen (dat.pl.) LA3. 21536 ; cf. oarL 
oherl-lioh, adi., belonging to a husbandman 

or rustic, cherl(l)Iche travel WiCL. ECCLUS. 

xxvii. 7. 

oheorlisoh, adj., O.E. ccorlisc ; churlish, 
rustic*, cherlish WiCL. ECCLUS. vii. 16. 
oheosen, v., O.E. ceos^n,= O.L.G. kiosan, 
kiesan, keosan, O.N. kiosa, O.Fris. kiasa, 
tziesa, Goth, kiusan, O.H.G. chiusan, chiosan ; 
choose, distinguish, Laj. 1 5147 ; Kath. 1894 ; 
A. r. 242: SPEC 62; cheose o. & n. 1343; 
Horn (R.) 666 ; Alis. 1659 ; chiesen hom. 
I. 219; chiese ayenb. 86; cesen Sax. chr. 
250; chesen Orm. 9218 ; gen. & ex. 3429 ; 
M. T. 92 ; ]>at men mouthe ... a peni chesen 



(discern) Hav. 2147 ; chesin PR. P. 73 ; dicsc 
Langl. B xv. 38 ; pr. c. 79 ; Charks het 
Richard chuse his knijtes Fer. 4367; 
ohdoseS (pres.) H. M. 39; chiest ayenb. 
126; chest Shor. 109; (hi) chiesej) ayenb. 
45 ; ohSos (imperat.) A. R. 102 ; ches [chees] 
Ch. C. t. a 1595 ; chus Marg. 103 ; chdas 
(pret.) John vi. 70; h. m. 15 ; ayenb. 77; 
chaes Laj. 12175 ; Orm. 2541 ; ches Mand. 
2; PR. c. 2132; Perc 1207; Amad. (R.) 
xlvi ; and his weig ¥e^n ches (took) GEN. & 
ex. 2736 ; such strengbe he him |k> ches c l. 
1317 ; cha]kwhit(e) chinmees |>er ches (dis- 
cerned) he inoje Gaw. 798 ; chees WiCL. John 
XV. 16 ; Ch. C. t. ^2148; )m chure Maru. 
19; (heo) curen [chosen] LA5. 6889; cusen 
SAX.CHR.250; chosen gen. & ex. 543 ; Hav. 
37i ; Langl. v4 prol,3i ; Mand. 225 ; chose 
Bek. 1986 ; S. A. L. 5 ; o6zen (pple.) La^ 
16358 ; koren Bev. 770 ; com Am. & Amil. 
1431 ; core Ed. 4317 ;. com, chosen PS. xviL 
27 ; cosen Sax. chr. 250 ; chosen Orm. 
9623 ; Mand. 225 ; ^/^i/.^e-oheosen; deriv. 
oosty oure» ouste, ohuse. 
chdosere, 'sb., chooser-, ohdosers, chesers 
(pi.) Trev. V. 309. 

chdseresse, sb., (female) chooser, WiCL. 
WiSD. viii. 4. 

chSsunge, sb., choosing, hom. II. 19 ; chie< 
zinge AYENB. 43. 

cheowen, v., (?.^.ceowan (pret. ceaw), ■= OJI. 
G. chiuwan (pret. chou), O.N. tyggva, tyggja 
(/rtf/.t5gg); chew,eat, devour; chiewe ayenb. 
iii; chewen (ms. chewwenn) Orm. 1241; 
chewe hom. II. 183 ; upon ]>e bridel chewe 
Gow. I. 334 ; late hem chewe as )yei chose 
LANGL.^xviii.199; al bat tu oheowest (pres.) 
H. m. 35 ; cheowe^, cneouwe^ A. r. 80, 84 ; 
chit te & cheowe^ (printed cheeped) )ye H. M. 
31 ; chewe j) Ch. C. t. A 3690 ; chewi^ code 
WiCL. deut. xiv. 6 ; bestes )>at chewen not 
her code Mand. 20 ; ehewe (subj.) MiRC 255 ; 
comp. to-oheowen ; deriv. oheu. 
ohSwinge, sb., chewing, PR. p. 74 ; ayenb. 
III. 

chepy see oheap. 

ohepen, v., O.E. cepan, cypan ; sell; ohgptan 
(pret.) Mk. xi. 15. 

oher^ sb., O.E. cerr, cierr, cyrr m., cf. O.H.G. 
cher m., chera/, MJ..G. kere/, modXng. 
chare (turn of work) ; turn, aU of turning; 
occasion, time; piece of work, job ; one cherrc 
a. R. 314 ; sum chearre Jul. 41 ; don a char 
p. s. 341 ; oherre (dot.) Bev. 3461 ; at )ia(n) 
latere cherre La^. 8356 ; makeden hine ]>ridde 
charre (for the third time) king 6844 ; et one 
cherre A. R. 324 ; at ane chere H. m. 23 ; ^ 
him de% . . . wiken & oherres (pi.) hom. I. 
137 ; charres Gaw. 1674 ; charis Townl. 106 ; 
coM.p. ^ein-ohar. 

oher, adj., O.Fr. cher, chier; dear\ a most 
cheere hmde WiCL. pro v. v. 19. 



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chdr« 



chevese^ 



115 



ehSre-Iiohe, adv., dearly ^ PL. CR. 582; 

cherli Will. 62. 
cherohe, see ohireche. 
chere, sb., OJ^r, chSre, chiere, mod,Eng, 

cheer ; countenance^ Marh. 3 ; Misc 40 ; 

Brd. 6 ; PR. c 1636 ; cheere * vultus ' PR. P. 

72 ; makien him glede chere A. R. 190 ; wij) 

rijt a merie chare [cheere] Ch. C. t. A 857 ; 

chiere AYENB. 155. 
cheri, sb., O.Fr, cerise, Lett, cerasum ; cherry , 

PR. P. 72 ; chiries (pi,) Langl. A vi. 296. 
cheri-fiaire, sb., cfurry-fair^ Gow. I. 19; 

LiDG. M. P. 231. 

oheri-ston^ sb., cherry-stone^ PR. P. 72. 
oheri-time, sb., cherry-time, Langl. Bv, 

i6l 
oheri-tre, sb., cherry-tree, voc 181 ; chiritree 

Pall. iii. 11 47. 
Cherm, v., 6>./>. cherer; cheer, ^hilaro^ PR. 

P. 72; oherid {pple,) WiCL. RUTH iii. 7. 
cherissen, v., Fr, cherir; cherish \ chersin 

PR. P. 73 ; oheiische [cherisse] (imper,) Ch. 

C T. £' 1388 ; oherisohed {pple,) A. P. ii. 

543. 
oherisBiiiKy sb., cherishing, Langl. Cv. 

112; cherisshinge pall. x. 24. 
cherl, see cheorL 
cherrOy see oher. 
cherren, v., 0,E, cerran, cirran,=0.Z.t7. 

keran, 0,Fris, kera, 0,H,G, cherran (pret, 

chcrta); tum\ chearre Jul. 33; charre Map 

348; wi^ wives and childre ^¥en charen 

GEN. & EX. 1712 ; chare H. s. 2062 ; charin 

a wai turn away PR. P. 70 ; LUD. Cov. 325 ; 

chaJTe (pres,) Gaw. 1678; hwan ic a^en 

cherre HOM. I. 79; churrej) REL. I. 172; 

Cher (imper.) me from sunne HOM. 1. 215 ; ne 

chemeheongean MK.xiii. 16; chearren Kath. 

2261 ; cherde (pret^ o. & N. 1658 ; cherde, 

chaerde, charde LA3. 7234, 28744, 31354; 

cherden [charden] . . . a^ein Marh. 3 ; 

chirden (ms, chyrden) Lk. xxiii. 56 ; charde 

A. P. L 607 ; comp. bi-, ^e-oherren. 
chervelle, sb., O.E.ccrm^,cf,MJ^,G, kervele, 

0,H.G. diervola; from Lat, caerefolium; 

ckeruil, PR. P. 73; cherveles [chervelles] 

(pi,) Langl. By\. 296. 
cherwin, v., ' torgueo,' PR. P. 73. 

chArvinge, sb., ' torcio,' PR. P. 73. 
(dieSy see chek. 
chose, sb., O.E. cese, (^se,/rom Lat, caseus ; 

duese, Hav. 643; Mand. 272; E. G. 356; he 

biiule% uppon ]>a swike chese & bret hine 

HOM. L 53; chese [chise] Trev. L 405. 
ehdae-boUe, sb., poppy^ ^papaver* PR. P. 

73; chesboUe voc. 190. 
chg0-fkt,sb., 0,E, cysefaet ; cheese-vat, voc. 

202. 

chese-kake, sb., cheese-cake, PR. P. y^, 
che0-lgpe, sb.y cheese-basket, voc. 222. 



oh§8-lippe, sb., 0,E, cyslybb, "i^M.H.G. 

kaeseluppe ; rennet, voc. 202. 
chesely see chisel, chesen^ see oheosen. 
chesible, sb., O, Fr, chesuble, chasuble ; 

chasuble, PR. P. 73 ; chesibles (pi,) Langl. 

^vi. 12. 
cbeson, sb., for achesdn; cause, account, 

s. s. (Wr.) 680 ; chesoun Alis. 3930. 
oheste, see ohiste. cbeste, see oheaste. 
cbesteine, see ohasteine. 
cbestre, sb., 0,E, ceaster, Lat, castrum ; city, 
fortified town, ^civitcts,* frag. 4; Mat. v. 

35 ; Orm. 8479 ; Chestre Chester p. L. s. xiii. 

27. 
cbete, sb., 0,E, cete, cyte ; fcell', hende as 

hake in chete SPEC 31. 
obete, sb., for esobete ; confiscation, PR. p. 

73- 

obetely see catel. 
cbetel, sb., 0,E, cetd, cytel, citel,=0./>7.f. 

ketel, szetel, tsetel, 0,N. ketill, 0,H,G, chezil, 

Goth, katils ; kettle, Uacabus,' FRAG. 4 ; Jul.' 

54; chetil w. & L 23; ketil, chetil PR. P. 

273; ketel Uebes^ PS. cvii. 10; cheteles 

[ketels] (pi,) WiCL. lev. xi. 35. 
ketel-bat, sb., helmet, ^pelHris,* PR. P. 273 ; 

ketille-hatte M. Arth. 3516; ketelle-bates 

(pi,) 2993. 
cbet6n» v., f 0,N, kaeta ; console, cheer : hi hit 

chitetJ (pres.) & blissi^ HOM. L 233. 
obetinge, sb., for esch§tinge; escheating, 

* conjkcacio,* PR. P. 73. 
cbetour, sb.,y&r esobetour, 0,Fr, eschetour ; 

escheator, * confiscatory PR. P; 73. 
cbdSen, see oiiSSe. 
obeu, sh,, from cbeowen; act of chewing z 

wurmene cheu HOM. IL 121 ; chest & chew 

(printed ch^^) HOM. IL 13; comp, ^e-obeu. 
cbevaobie, sb., 0,Fr, chevauchie ; expedition 

on horseback ; cheuache Ch. compl. M. 144 ; 

chivachie CH. C. T. A 85. 
cbevaler, sb., 0,Fr, chevaler; chevalier \ 

chivaler Langl. ^xviii. 99. 
cbevalerie, 0,Fr. chevalerie ; chivalry, chr. 

E. 225 ; chevalrie [chivalrie] Ch. C. T. A 45. 
obeyaJrous, adj., OJ^'r. chevalereus ; chived- 

rous, D. Arth. 3604. 
obevaunce, sb., O.Fr. chevance ; gain,profit, 

Gow. IL275. 
cbevel, see obaveL 
ob^ven, v., 0,Fr. chevir; attain an end, 

succeed; happen; be subject; cheeven Langl. 

A PROL. 31 ; cheve Bek. 856; ob6ve (pres, 

subj,) Degr. 465 ; see cbevise. 
obevesaile, sb., O.Fr, cheve^aille; necklace, 

R. R. 1081. 
obevese, sb., 0,E, cefes, cyfes, cyfese, = 0,H,G. 

chebisa,chebis; concubine, Marh. 3; chevese, 

chivese Laj. 384, 6356. 



I % 



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Ii6 



chevese. 



chimbe. 



oheveB-boren, adj., bom of a concubine^ 

Laj. 4334. 
oheyetainy sb., OSr, chevetain; chieftain^ 

Shor. 112 ; Man. (F.) 9779; chevetein Bek. 

251 ; Will. 3379; see oapitain. 
ohevisey v., O. Fr, cheviss-, chevir, see che- 

ven ; procure^ obtain; succeed; help^ profit ; 

Ch. compl. M. 289; chevisin ^provideo* PR. 

p. 74; ohewiae (tmper,) D. Arth. 1750; 

ohevesed {pple.) Alex.« (Sk.) 966. 
ohevissanoey sb., 0,Fr, chevissance ; agree- 

menty bargain, Ch. C. T. ^1519. 
chew, ohewen, see ohdii, chdowen. 
ohibolle, sb., 0,Fr, ciboulle; small omon, 

PR. p. 74; ohiboUes (//.) Langl. iff vi. 296. 
Ohiohey sb., 0,Fr, chiche, Lat, cicer {f mod, 

Eng. chick-pease); vetck. Pall. iv. 57; 

ohiohis (//.) WiCL. 2 kings xvii. 28. 
Ohiche, adj., 0,Fr, chiche ; parsimonious, R. R. 

5588; A. P. i. 604. 
Chichestre»pr. n.,0.i^ Ciceaster; Chichester, 

Rob. 2 ; Cicestre misc. 145. 
ohide, sb., 0,E, (ge)cid ; contention. Map 342. 
Chiden, v., O.E. cldan ; chide, contend, La^. 

8149 ; GEN. & EX. 2722 ; to chiden agen oni 

scold REL. 1. 183; chidan HOM. I. 113; chidin 

Uontendo^ PR. P. 74; chide O. & N. 287; 

AYENB. 67; Langl. -r4 iv. 39 ; p. 51; ohist 

(pres,) j)U . . . me chist O. & N. 133 1 ; chide^ 

a. R. 198; chide^, chit H. M. 31, 39; chit 

. . . wi^ gode HOM. I. loj; chid O. & N. 

1533; ohldde ipret,) o. & N. 112; Rob. 

390 ; Ch. C. T. A 3999 ; Jjis holi man him 

chidde P. L. S. xvii. 414; chidden Hitigabant' 

WiCL. John vi. 53; gen. & ex. 1927; hi 

chidde Bek. 1910; ohidde {pple,) Ar. & 

Mer. 7237. 
chidere^ sb., chider; chidar PR. P. 74; 

chlderes (pL) Langl. Bxv'u 43. 
duderesae^ sb., chider {/em,), R. R. 1 50, 4265. 
ohideBtere,sb.,^-^/V/<fr(y^/«.),CH.C.T.^i535. 
ohidinge, sb., 0,E, cldong ; chiding, avenb. 

30; Trev. IL 97. 

ohiere, see ohere. ohiesen, see oheoeen. 
chiken, sb., 0,E, cicen, ciccen Mat. xxiii. 37*, 

cycen voc. 63, cf, M,L,G. kiiken, kuken; 

chicken, ^pullusi frag. 3; chekin PR. p. 

74 ; ohikene (//.) Mat. xxiii. 37 ; leb. Jes. 

439 ; chikenes [chiknes] Ch. C. t. A 380. 
ohione-mete, sb., 0,E, cicena mete ; f chick- 
weed, FRAG. 3 ; chikne mete rel. L 37. 
ohekin-wed, sb., chickweed, PR. p. 74. 
Ohikkin, v., f produce chickens', ^pullulo,' 

PR. p. 74. 

ohilce, see cdiildse. 
child, sb., O.E, cild,= aZ^.a, 0,Fris, kind, 

OJi,G, chind, chint ; child. Mat. ii. 9 ; hom. 

\, 37; Laj. 295; ))at child o. & N. 1463; 

Rob. 10; ))et child avenb. 84; ]?at worbi 

child Will. 541 ; ohildes {gen.) Orm. 8050 ; 



it is no childes plei Ch. C. T. E\llo\ ohilde 
{dat,) GEN. & EX. 966; )wr hvile |)ct hi 
is mid childe {pregnant) ayenb. 224; wi^ 
childe gon SPEC 82 ; child {pi,) Mat. xxl 
15; childre HOM. L 73; Laj. 5317; Orm. 

8005; GEN. & EX. 715; ALIS. 4638; PL.CR. 

756; Tor. 2643; childere LUD. Cov. 30; 
childre, children hom. XL 17, 19; o. & N. 
631; children HOM. I. 7; A. R. 334; BEK. 
24; Mand. 249; childre {gen. pi,) HOM. 
L 7; childrene Laj. 15563; a. R. 422; 
childrene, children Hav. 449 ; {ms. chyldrcn) 
Mat. xxi. 16; Langl. .^iv. 103; dhildon, 
childen {dat, pL) Mat. xiv. 21, xv. 38; 
children Laj. 12992 ; comp, en&ve-, m5der-, 
Bt$op-child. 

child-bed, sb., childbed, HOM. II. 47; li> 
... a childbedde ROB. 379. 

ohild-bering, sb., child-bearing, WiCL. GEN. 
XXV. 24. 

child-gered» adj., childish-mannered, Gaw. 
86. 

child-hSde, sb., O.E, dldhad; childhood, 
AYENB. 82; childhftde {dat,) Mk. ix. 21; 
Kath. 79 ; childhade {ms, -haden) [childhode] 
Laj. 20312; childhode A. R. 314; childhcde 
GEN. & EX. 2652 ; Ch. C. t. B 1691. 

ohildiflh, adj., O.E, cildisc, cf. 0,H.G. chind- 
isc ; childish, Langl. B xv. 145. 

child-Ida, adj., childless, GEN. & EX. 930; 
childlaes Orm. 2312. 

children-Ids, adj., without children^ Trev. 
I. 183. 

ohild-li, 2J^].,childUke, 'pueriUsi^vcL. TOB. 
i. 4 ; Gow. II. 228 ; Hoccl. i. 64. 
childin, v., = 0,H,G, chindon ; bring forth 
{children), ^pario* PR. P. 74 ; )>e shal . . . 
J>in wif an sune childen Orm. 156; childi 
AYENB. 224; childe Alis. 604; childida 
{pret,) WiCL. GEN. iv. i ; childed Parten. 
1157 ; childed {pple.) Mand. 133. 

childing^, sb., child-bearing, WiCL. GEN. 
XXV. 24; childing Alis. 623; Gow. 1. 69; cm. 
1 1059 ; |)urh hire childj>inge [chil^inge] MISC. 
158, 159. 
childsey sb., f puerility*, idelnesse and chilce 
p. L. s. viii. 7 (hom. II. 220; 1. 288 ; MISC. 58). 
chile, see chele. 

ohilindi^i SB.,"?^. cylindre ; cylinder, Ch. C. 
T. B 1396. 

chillin, v., l^Du, killen, M,Du, kilden ; chill, 
be cold, PR. P. 75 ; chillande (pple.) D. Arth. 
2965 ; chilled {pret,) A. P. iii. 368. 

chillinge, sb., cf. Du. killing; chilling, 
PR. P. 75 ; Langl. ^vi. 313 (Wr. 4424). 
chimbe, sb., cf. M.L.G., M.Du. kimme ; edge^ 
brink : the streem of lif nou droppe]> on \t 
chimbe Ch. C. t. A 3895. 
chimbe, chime, sb., cymbal, c. m. 12193; 
chime PR. P. 75 ; chimbes \pl) PS. d. 5i 

Man. (F.J 11387, 



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chimbexu 



chise* 



117 



Chimben, v^ cf, Swed, kimba, Dan, kime; 
chime ; chimbe Ch. C. T. A 3896 ; chimin PR. 
P. 75; chime Gow. II. 13. 

ohimblen, v., OM, kimbla ; bind up, bundle : 
ohimbled (fple.) over hir blake diin with 
milkqvite vailes Gaw. 958. 

chime, j^ohimbe. ohimeneeyj^^ohemenS. 

chin, sb., O.E. cin, voc. 43, cinn tm, (men- 
turn), cf. MJ^,G, kin, kinne m. n,, M,Du, 
kinne, 0,N. kinn (gend), Goth, kinnus / 
(<7iffy«v), O.H.G. chinni «., Lot. gena, ur, 
7<Vw/. ; chin, ^mentumi voa 146, 183, 207 ; 
PR. P. 75 ; Mand. 107 ; ^ane chin Laj. 8148 ; 
chinne {dot,) hom. 1. 35 ; o. & N. 96 ; treat. 
139; Trev. I. 257; swor bi his chinne Laj. 
18764 ; \tX nim^ ^ne viss bi ]>e )>rote and bi 
\t chinne ayenb. 50. 

Chinche, adj., / 0,Fr, chinche ; stingy, ^per- 
parcus,*PR,T.7S; S. S. (Web.) 1244; Hav. 
1763 (the rime requires chiche). 

chincherie, sb., ^ parcimonici,* PR. P. 75. 

chincbin, v., be stingy^ ^perparceo^ PR. P. 
7S. 

chine, sb., O.Fr, eschine; chine, backbone, 
'spina,* PR. P. 75; Alis. 3245; D. Arth. 
3390. 

chine, sb., 0,E. cm\x,^M,Du. kene, mod.Eng, 
chine (in local names); from chinen ', fissure, 
crack, deft, Parten. 4343; chine, chene 
^kiaius'\ Trev. 1.233,41 5; LangL. Cxxi.287; 
chene Pall. i. 450 ; chines (^/.) * scissuras * 
WICL. Is. ii. 21 ; chinis Ber. 2353; chines, 
kines Man. (F.) 1720, 13976; comp, ertJ- 
dhine. 

chinen, v., 0,E, (to)clnan, = OX.G. klnan, 
^^0M.keinan, O.H.G, chlnan ; split, burst open 
(intrans,) : )>at make)) heorte chinen Misc 7^ ; 
chine Fer. 212 ; Pall. vi. 199 ; chineS (pres,) 
HOM. II. 199; )>et gles ne breke^ ne chined 
1. 83 ; be corn . . . chineth leb. Jes. 564 ; chfin 
(preL) Alis. 2228 ; de^ her hert(e) chon Ar, 
& Mer. 7764 ; chined (pple.) L. H. R. 142 ; 
comp. to-ohinen ; deriv, chine. 

chippe, sb., / 0,E, cipp (dentate) ; chip, ^assula' 
PR. P. 75; chippes (pL) Gow. 1. 106; Ch. 
CT.^3748. 

chippen, v.,=J/.Z>«^. kippen; fchip (with a 
hatchet, ^c>i\ chippe ^ dolare^ CATH. 64; 
Halliw. 250. 
chippinge, sb., chipping, piece, PR. P. 75. 

chireche, sb., 0.E, cirice, cyrice, = az.(7. 
kirika, kerika, O.N. kirkja, OM.G, chiricha, 
tfrom Gr, KvpwKt) (iKKKrjaia) ; church; circe 
Sax. CHR. (E.) 262; Laj. 26140; rel. I. 
129; chirchc, churche A. R. 22, 28; O. & N. 
608; chereche Miso 31 ; cherche ayenb. 7 ; 
Gow. I. 63 ; kirke, chirche Langl. B vi. 93, 
^ viL 34; kirke Orm. 3531; Hav. 36; 
ohireohen (pi,) La^. 20971 ; chirchen chr. 
^•923; churchen Bek. 1414 ; comp, heved- 
ehirc^ 



obirohe-cldtSes, sb., church vestments, a. r. 
420. 

ohireche-dure, sb., church-door, hom. I. 
yz ; Misa 151 ; kirkedure, Orm. 1327. 

kirke-flor, sb., church fioor, Orm. 9015. 

ohirch-gang, sb., church-going; churching 
(of women), HOM. II. 47; chirchegong gen. 
& EX. 2465 ; Rob. 380. 

chirobe-^eard, sb., churchyard, A. R. 318* ; 
chirchejard LEG. 153 ; church^erd Bek. 2217; 
kirkegaerd Orm. 15254. 

chireche-gri)>, sb., <9.£'.ciricgri^; sanctuary 
of the church, Laj. 22322 ; chirchegri^ a. r. 
174. 

chirohe-hai, sb., churchyard, Uoemeterium,^ 
voa 178 ; Ar. & Mer. 6738 ; chirchhai Mirc 
330* ; chirchhei E. W. 26 ; ohlrohele (dat,) A. 
R. 318. 

chirohe-liawe, sb., churchyard, s. s. (Web.) 
2625 ; Trev. V. 65 ; e. w. 81 ; Ch. C. t. / 964 ; 
chirchau e. w. 80. 

ohirohe-kei, sb., church key, Gow. 1. 10, 12. 

ohirio-lond, sb., church- land, Laj. 14855. 

chirehe-rda( sb., robbery of churches; 
chirchereve Ch. C. t. D 1307. 

ohlrche-song, sb., 0,E, cyricsang; church 
song, o. & N. 984. 

ohircli-Bdcne, sb., 0,E, ciricsocn ; parish^ 
HOM. II. 89. 

cher^-toun, sb., 0,E, cirictun ; churchyard, 
AYENB. 41. 

chirche- wardein, sb., churchwarden, £. g. 

145. 
chirohe-weorc, sb., church work, hom. I. 

31. 

chirche-wioe, sb., office of the church : )>e 
landes pat lien to pt circe wican (dat, pi,) 
Sax. chr. 263. 
ohirohin, v., church (women), 'punfico,* PR. 

P.7S- 

chiri, see cherL 
ohirkin, v., creak, twitter, ' strideo, sibilo,* 

PR. P. 76 ; chirke}) (pres,) as a sparwe Ch.. 

C. T. D 1804 ; see charkiq. 
chirking, sb., screaming, Cu. C. T. A 2004. 
ohirm, sb., 0,E, cirm, cyrm ; noise, shouting ; 

chirme (dat,) o. & N. 305. 
chirmen, v., 0,E, cyrman, cirman,=J/.Z?i/.. 

kermen, M,L,G, kermen, karmen; cry out^ 

shout, A. R. 152; chirmed (pret,) Parten. 

878 ; comp, bi-chermen, 
chime, €ti,,^M,Du, kerne ; chum, pr. p. 76 ; 

kime voc 202. 
chirnen, y,,^M,Du, kemen; churn; chime 

PR. P. 76. 

ohirpen, v., chirp, 
ohirpinge, sb., chirping, 'garritus,' PR. p. 

ohisei see oh&ee. 



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ii8 



chisel. 



chisel, sb., 0,E, cisel, ceosel,=iJ/./?//. kesel, 

0,H,G. chisili ; pebbles^ shingle^ ^sabulum} PR. 

p. 76 ; chesells (^/.) LUD. Cov. 56 ; r^;«^. 

sand-obisel. 
chisel, sb., 0,Fr. cisel; ^-^W, PR. P. *]6\ 

Shor. 137. 
chiste, sb., 0,E. cist, cyst, cest,= C7.A^., O.H,G, 

kista, ffrom Lat, cista ; ^A^j/, ^<7r, * arra iiW 

sarcophagus^ Trev. II. 307; BEK. 2458; 

chiste [cheste] Ch. C. t. Z?3i 7 ; cheste * loculus^ 

FRAG. 3 ; ba cheste Lk. viL 14 ; ane cheste 

Laj. 27858; ohiste, kiste (dat^ Hav. 222, 

2018 ; kiste Perc 2109. 
chiteren, [chitren], v., chatter^ Ch. C. t. 

G 1397 ; chitre Gow. II. 318. 
chiteringe, sb., chittering^ Tkew . II. 159; 

chilcring WiCL. DEUT. xviii. 10. 
chitirlingy sb., chitterling, PR. p. ^6. 
ohitte, sb., cf. L.G, kitte, H.G, kitze ; whelp, 

UcUulus^ voc 177; ohittes (//.) ]^catulos'\ 

WiCL. Is. xxxiv. 15. 
chivache, see chevachie. 
chivaleryChivalrieyj^^chevalerfChevalerie. 
chivelen, v., f shiver^ tremble ; his chekes . . . 

\€\ chiveled (preLpL) for elde Langl. Bv, 

193 ; ichiveled (pple.) for elde Cvii. 200. 
chiveiin, v., shiver^ quake, pr* p. 76; chiveren 

[chiverin] in ise R. s. v (misc 177) ; chivere 

& schake L. H. R. 144 ; ohivered (pret.) leg. 

165 ; cheverid(^/tf.) for cheleD.ARTH. 3391. 
cho^e, sb., O.E, ceo ; chough ; choghe Ch. p. 

F. 345; chouse ^monedula' voc. 177 ; choujhe 

Trev. IV. 307 ; choughe pr. p. 57 ; ch'63en 

(pL) p. L. s. xvii. 185 ; )>e crowes and the 

choughes Mand. 59. 
chois, sb., 0,Fr, chois; choice, Rob. 111; 

Trev. IV. 385. 

chois-li, adv., choicely y Will. 1753. 
ch6ken9 see dh^oken. 
chol, sb., f double chin\ his chin wij) a chol 

loUede so greet as a gos ei PL. CR. 444. 
chold, see odld. 
chop, sb., blow, knock, dispute ; choppes (//.) 

Langl. Cxi. 275 (A x. 187). 
choppen, v., 'i^M.Du, koppen ; chop, hew, 

strike-, )>eichoppen(/r^/.)aJlef)ebodimsinale 

peces Mand. 201 ; chop (imper,) Langl. A 

lii. 253 ; ohoppid (pple,) D. Arth. 1026. 
chopping, sb., striking, fighting, Langl. 

B\x. 167. 

ohdsty see chSaste. ohou^e^ see cho36. 
ohoul, see chavd. 
ohuckeiiy v., chuckle, boast: he chukketh 

(pres,) whan he hath a com ifounde Ch. C. 

T. ^4372. 

chuffe, choffe, sb., clown, ^rusHcusJ pr. p. 'jt, 
ohuffer, sb., t boaster, Townl. 216. 
chuffing, sb., f boasting, Orm. 12177. 
Chullen, v., f drive ; and ohtilles (pres) him 



circunistaiice. 

as men don a balle Halliw. 249; chased to 
dale and chulled {pple.) as hares D. Arth. 1444. 

chtirche,^^^ohireche. chiirreiiyj^^oherren. 

chuse, adj., / O.E. cys, cTs, from ohSosoi; 
elegant; fond, loving : j)at was chuse [chise] 
of J)e childe Alis.* 49 ; gent ich wes ant chis 
REL. I. 123 ; ]>e ladi is of lemon chis Alis. 
f Web.) 3294 ; knightis . . . chosin ful ohiee 

\pl.) LUD. Cov. 180. 
chisili, adv., A. P. ii. 543, , 

chuseiiy see ohdoaen. 
cicatrice, sb., Fr. cicatrice; cicatrix, scar, 

Pall. iii. 51. 
ciclatouiiy sh.,cf.Span. ciclaton ; a sort of gar- 

ment or stuff, HiCKES I. 225 ; Ch. C. t. B 

1924; ischrud mid hwite ciclatune HOM. 1. 193. 
cicle, sb., Fr. cycle ; <ycle, Trev. V. 377. 
ciconiey sb., stork,V^iCL. Jer. viii. 7 ; sikopies 

(pi.) Mand. 45. 
cider, see aider, 
cimbale, sb., Lat. cymbalum ; cymbal*, sim- 

bak PR. P. 456; dmballB (pi.) WiCL. 2 kings 

yi.5. 
ciment, sb., O.Fr. ciment ; cement. Pall. I 

449; siment WiCL. gen. xL 3. 
cinamome, sb., Fr. cinnamome, Lat. dnna- 

momum ; cinnamon, CK.C.T.A 3699 ; cina^ 

mum PR. p. 78. 
cindrCy sb., fFr. cendre ; cinder; oindres (pi) 

Mand. ioi ; see sinder. 
cink, sb., O.Fr. cine (five) ; cinque (ports) ; 

sink pors ROB. 515. 
cinoper, see sinopir. 
cipresy sb., OJ^r. cipres; cypress, ayenb. 131 ; 

a M. 1377. 

oipre-trejsb.,^'/^^'^'^-^''^^, WiCL. s. SOL. L 13. 
cipreSy ^., fine gauze, Langl. B xv. 224. 
circe, see ohireehe. 
circuity sb., circuit, Ch. C.t. A 1887. 
circTimdEdeny v., LcU. circumcldere ; circum- 
cise, WiCL. gen. xvii. 1 1 ; WiCL. s. w. I. 335. 
circtimciSy pple., Lat. circimiclsus ; drcum- 

cised, GEN. & EX. 999. 

circTunc^sey sb., arcumdsion,GES.& ex.2847' 
circTuncnse, v., circumcise, a m. 2668; cir- 

oumoised (pple.) gen. & ex. 1200. 
oiroumcnBing, sb., act of circumcision, C M. 

2681. 
circumcision, sb., LcU. drcumcisio, cf Fr. 

circumcision ; circumcision, HOM. I. 83 ; GEN. 

5^ EX. 991 ; WiCL. Rom. iii. i ; s. W. I. 335 ; 

PR. P. 78, 456. 
circumference; sb., LcU. circumferentia, cj. 

Fr. circonf^rence ; circumference, Gow. III. 

90. 
circumscnven, v., Lat. circumscribere ; ar- 

cumscribe, Ch. Tro. v. 1877. 

circumstance, sb., circumstance*, oiroum* 
BtaunoeB (pi.) a. r. 316. 



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Cirenoestre. 



clamour. 



119 



Cireneestre, pr. n., 0,E, Cirin-, Cyren- 

ceaster ; Cirencestery ROB. 2. 
oimrgian, sb., 0,Fr, cirurgien ; surgeon, Rob. 

566 ; snrgien Langl. B xx. 308 ; surgienee, 

suTgiens (/>/.) Langl. B xiv. 88, xx. 177*. 
dsaTy see sider. 
oisonrey sb., O.Fr, cisoires ; scissors^ ^forfex^ 

PR. p. 78. 
oistemey sb., 0,Fr, cisterne; cistern, PR. P. 

67; s. A. L. 136; Mand. 106. 

dBtemesae, sb.,/i7, gen. & ex. 1943. 
citaeion, sb., Fr, citation; citation^ Rob. 

473- 
cite, sb., Fr. cit^; city, A. R. 228 ; Misc. 26 ; 

GEN. & EX. 2669 ; Mand. 244 ; Ch. C. t. A 

2701 ; PS. xlv. 5. 
oiteien, sb., 0,Fr, citeien; citizen; citezein 

(Fcitejein) Gow. I. 75 ; oite^ens (//.) Will. 

3850 ; cit^cnis E. G. 23 ; citeseins Trev. IV. 

129. 

citenere, sb., citizen ; cittenere voc. 21 1. 
dtir-tre, sb., ZM, citrus ; citron, PR. P. 78 ; 

dtur tre Pall. viii. 8, xi. 66. 
eitole, sb., O.Fr, dtole ; a musical instrument, 

Ch. C. t. a 1959. 

dtrinaoiotiii, sb., med.LcU, citrinatio ; a pro- 
cess in alchemy, Ch. C. t. G 816. 
cito,sb., 0,Fr. don ; sdon, PR. P. 79; oloiinB 

(>/.) P. L. S. XXXV. 74. 

cive, sb., Fr. civc ; ofves (//.) garlic, PR. p. 
78. 

dTilite, sb., O.Fr, dvilit^,/«ww Lot. civilitas, 
motLEng, dvility ; freedom (of a city), citizen- 
ship, WiCL. deeds xxii. 28. 

ela6ke, %\i,,=M.Du. klacke ; clack {of a mill) ; 
klakkcvoc 180; PR. P. 79. 

eUoken, v., = M.Du. klacken, O.N. klaka ; 
dock, gabble ; clake L. C. C. 54 ; )>u olak6B(t) 
(pres.) o. & N. 81. 

clffimen, v., O.E. c\adm2ak,=Af.Du. kleeraen, 
OJf.G. chkimen ; smear ; deime LiDG. M. P. 
53; Polome {pres.) sacr. 708; dome (imper.) 
Pall. iii. 871 ; cleme hit with clai A. P. ii. 312 ; 
elimede (pret.) [Winivif] WiCL. ex. ii. 3 ; 
amp. ^e-olAmen. 

cl»ne, adj., O.E. dane (clean), - O.L.G. dene, 
(small), M.Du. dene (small, thin, clean), O. 
H.G. chleini (fine, thin) ; clean, pure, chaste : 
dame [deanej mon Laj. 6290; dene frag. 7 ; 
0. & N. 584 ; GEN. & EX. 605 ; Ch. C. t. A 
504; dene lif HOM. II. 85 ; dene braed Orm. 
1590; clcne water Rob. 435 ; of ure sunne 
make us dene hom. I. 63 ; cleane in wit A. R. 
3; dene, klene, diene ayenb. 5, 159, 224; 
dane M. T. 206 ; ne mai no roan dene telle 
Bek. 12^; Vortiger ane hit dude for alle dane 
[cleane] La^ 13264 ; bursten hire bondes & 
breken alle clane Jul. 58 ; ddnnere (compar.) 
P. L. s. xxL 98 ; Langl. B xiii. 296 ; oldnneste 
[superlat.) H. H. 43 ; clennest Langl. ^xiv. 43. 



olfin-l^o, sb., purity, Orm. 4622. 
oUbn-lioh, adj., O.E. clJenlTc ; cleanly : clen- 

liche do]>inge ayenb. 216 ; olenliche (adv.) 

A. R, 344; Bek. 130; PL. c. 229; denlike 

(ms. dennlike) Orm. 1644 ; clanliche P. L. s. 

XV. 65. 
oU&nnesaey sb., O.E. clsenness; cleanness, 

Orm. 4598 ; dennesse a. r. 164 ; o. & n. 491 ; 

AYENB. 201 ; castitas ))et is clenesse on Englisc 

HOM. I. 105 ; deannesse H. M. 11 ; clannesse 

Rob. 332. 

eldan-sohipe, sh., purity, H. M. 21. 
oUbnsien, v., O.E, daensian; cleanse, purify ', 

clensien frag. 7 ; densen a. R. 3 1 4 ; (ms. clenn- 

senn) Orm. 1126; densi Shor. 50; ayenb. 

137 ; dense Langl. B vi. 106 ; dansi o. & n. 

610 ; clanse MiRC 259 ; oldnsetS (pres.) hom. 

1.83; dldiuiede (^/^.) HOM. 1. 237 ; oldnsed 

(pple.) HOM. II. Zj; PR. C. 3705; comp. 

^e-cU^nsen. 
oldnsungey sb., O.E. dsensung; cleansing, 

HOM. II. 141 ; (ms. dennsinng) Orm. 15006 ; 

clansinge leg. 99. 
<daiy sb., O.E. claeg,= O.Fris. klai, M.L.G. 

klei m.', clay, rel. II. 210; clay spec. 85 ; 

Au^. 91 5 ; PR. C. 41 1 ; clei frag. 5 ; * argilla * 

PR. P. 80; Trey. V. 129; Ch. C. t. GS07 ; 

clei^ leg. 14 ; s. a. L. 178. 
olei-dot, sb., clod of clay, frag. 5 ; R. S. v. 

(misc. 172). 
olai-daubedy pple., daubed with clay, A. P. 

ii. 492. 

clei-pit» sb., clay-pit, PR. P. 80. 
de^ adj., clayey, WiCL. ecclus. xxii. i. 
olaien, adj., made of clay, WiCL. Job iv. 9. 
claim, sb., O.Fr. claim; claim, Gow. I. 

250. 
olaimeiiy v., O.Fr. darner, daintier ; claim : 

claimen [cleimen] and asken Langl, ^xiv. 

259 ; vleimep (pres.) he after clobes Will. 

4481 ; cleimed (pret) J>eim quit of per servise 

Man. (F.) 4548 ; clame Townl. 200. 
Clak, sb., O.E. claec (-leas),=Af:/^.G^. klac, 

O.N. klakkr ; spot, stain : jif \?X je wd juw 

loken fra clake & sake Orm. 9317. 
olakke, see daoke. 
clam, adj., cf. Ger., Du., Dan. Idam ; sticky, 

^ glutinosus, viscosus^ PR. p. 79. 
ol&my sb., O.E. dsjn,^ M.Du. kleem; clay; 

dom Langl. A xii. 100. 
clamance, sb., med. Lat. clamantia ; claim, 

Man. (H.) 186. 
olameriiiy v., clamber, climb with hands and 
feet; cluster, crowd; * repto^ PR. P. 79 ; olam- 

berande (pple.) cliffes Gaw. 1722; whanne 

ani clambrede (pret) up leg. 194; clom- 

bred (pple.) so {)ik Gaw. 801. 
olammeiiy v., smear, WiCL. s. w. II. 93. 
olamouTy sb., O.Fr. damor; clamour, Gow. I. 

21 ; Ch. C. t. A 995. 



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lao 



eland. 



claustre. 



Clandy sb., O.N. kland «.; difficulty , calamity : 

he makede him selven muchel clond La). 

1 1704. 
claney see d&ne. 
clap» sh.y=M.Du. klap, O.H.G. chlaph ; clap^ 

stroke^ A. R. 102* ; clappes {pL) Man. (H.) 

175 ; comp, 3ain-, )K>nder-clap. 
claper, sb., Fr. clapier; rabbit-burrow \ 

olapers (^/.) r. r. 1405. 
clappe, sb., .^ Ger. klapfe, klaffe ; clap^ noise j 

^strepitusj PR. P. 79. 
elappe, sb.,= M.Z>u. klappe, kleppe, M.H.G, 

klaffe ; clapper^ clack {of a mill\ Ch. C. T. A 

3144; clappe of a miUe PR. P. 79; hold )?ou 

f i clappe {tongue) Ed. 3357 ; cleppe A. R. 70. 
clappin, v., 0,E. clseppan (leechd. 111.88),= 

O.Fris,, 0.N, klappa, M.L.G. klappen, O.H.G. 

chlaphon ; clap, beat, clatter; babble; ^pulso^ 

PR. P. 79 ; clappen to gidre [* complodere '] 

WiCL.jUDG.vii. 19; clappe OCTOV.(W.) 569; 

olappe)> {pres.) Shor. 135 ; clappe^ at ))e . . . 

gate Ch. C. t. D 1581; and clappeb as a 

mille /406; what so men clappe [babble) 

or crie 6^965; dlappide (pret.) D. Arth. 

956 ; olappid {pple.) HOCCL. i. 394 ; comp. 

bi-dappen. 
olapper, sb., cf. L.G, klapper, klepper ; 

clapper, rattle, Gow. II. 13; coppe & claper 

he bare ... as he a mesel ware Trist. 3173 ; 

))e cleper of ))e melle ayenb. 58. 
oXappinge, sb., sounding {of a bell), ^tintilla- 

do} PR. P. 79. 

clap-wipe, sb., carrot, ^ daucusi voc. 190. 
Clare, sb., O.Fr. clar^, ckret; claret, Hav. 

1728; Launf. 344; claret PR. p. 79; clarre 

Ch. Q.I a 1471. 
elaretee, sb., 0,Fr. clartd ; brightness, light, 

Mand. 86; clarite WiCL. s. w. I. 405; see 

olert§. 
elarifien, v., Fr, clarifier; clarify, WiCL. 

3 ESDR. viii. 82 ; (darilleth {pres.) lud. Cov. 

103. 
elarine, sb., Fr. darine ; trumpet, PR. p. 80. 
olarionere, sb., trumpeter, pr. p. 80. 
clarioninge, sb., trumpeting \ olarioninges 

(^/.)CH. H. F. 1242. 

olarioiui,sb.,6>./>. clarion; clarion^ Man. (F.) 

1 1384 ; Ch. C. t. A 2600. 
[olarten, v., soil, dirty; comp, bl-olarten.] 
Olaspe, = Z.G. klaspe; clasp, brooch, ^offendix^ 

cath. 65 ; Rich. 4084 ; clospe PR. p. 83 ; 

clespe voa 238 ; (daspea {pl^ p. s. 222 ; d. 

Arth. 1108. 
claspen, v., clc^sp ; claspe cath. 65 ; clasped 

[elapsed] {pple.) Ch. C. t. A 273. 
elastren, v., f clatter', ant cla8tre}> {pres.) 

wi)> heore colle P. s. 157. 
elater, sb., M.Du. klater; clatter \ that thou 

had holden stille thi clater Townl. 190. 
clateren,v.,=Ar.Z?«.klateren; clatter^ rattle, 



Kath. 2026 ; }>e arwes . . . elatren {pres^ fiist 

and ringe Ch. C. t. A 2359; olatared {pret.) 

Gaw. 731 ; clattered Lidg. m. p. 106 ; comf. 

to-dateren. 

elaterer, sh., clatterer^ d.Troy 11375 ; cU- 

tezers {pL) p. p. 271. 

datering, sb., rattling, A. p. ii. 15 15. 
clatte, sb., f rattle, pr. p. 79. 
olaS, sb., 0,E, cla« m,, cf, O.Fris. klath, 0,N. 

klae^i, M.H.G.VXtii n.; cloth, garment, Kath. 

1428 ; bu hefdest cla-5 to werien HOM. I. 33 ; 

mete & cla^ La^. 16853; da|> Orm. 3208; 

no linene clo^ a. R. 418 ; cloJ> o. & N. 1174; 

MISC. 48 ; Bek. 691 ; ayenb. 45 ; Ch. C. t. 

D 1633; doth ^pannus' PR. P. 83; Hav. 185; 

oiatSeB {pi.) HOM. I. 37 ; he rende his cla^ 

Jul. 70 ; claj>es Iw. 1803 ; da¥es [do))es] Laj. 

2367 ; do^s A. R. 418 ; do)«s frag. 6 ; Rob. 

463 ; clfttSen {dat,pl.) Laj. 3187; da)>e Misc 

75 ; comp, barm-y bord-, haiid-y hdved-, 

aeil-clftt). 

cl5th«le8, adj., O.N. klae^auss ; without 

clothes, Ch. C. t. 7343. 
oiatS-makinge, sb., cloth-making, Ch. C. t. 

-4449. 
clft)>en, cle}>en,v.,<9.-ff.cla¥ian, O.N klae^= 

M.H.G. kleiden; clothe*, da|>en Orm. 2710; 

clathe PR. a 3553; cloven gen. & ex. 2630; 

do))en Gow. 11. 227; Gam. 72; clo))e Hav. 

1138; cle)>e SPEC. 37 ; A. P.ii. 1741; Iw. 1787; 

heo . . . ol&l'e'S (pres,) heom mid jeoluwe 

cla))e HOM. I. 53; old]>e|> {imper,) ROB. 36; 

ol^inde {pple.) A. R. 16; old|>ede {pret.) 

AYENB. 133; do)>eden Langl. -4 prol. 53; 

cladde Hav, 1354; Rich. 3097 ; dedde M. H. 

87; cldSed {pple.) REL. 1. 212; cloj)ed, idoj)ed 

Ch. C.T.-4 911, 1048 ; iclo}>ed Jos. 295 ; comp, 

iitt-oia)>exi^ 
cdftl^ere, sb., clothier; oldtheres {pi.) Langu 

B X. 18. 
cl&)>ixi^» sb.,= M,H,G, kleidunge ; clothing, 

Orm. 19074; closing Laj. 3187*; dofinge 

P. L. S. xvii. 506; kle)>inge * vestimentum' 

PS. ci. 27; de)>mg ant. Arth. ix. 
clau, sb., 0,E, clawu, clea, cleo, = 0,L.G. 

dawa, M,Du. klauwe, 0,Fris, klewe, O.H.G. 

chloa, doa {//. chlawen), 0,N, klo {pi, kloer); 

claw, * ungula,* FRAG. 2 ; claw, cle PR. P. 80 ; 

clawe, de WiCL. ex. x. 26 ; ? cleo Misc 95 ; 

deu HiCKES I. 228 ; dee voc. 221 ; olawe 

{pi.) o. & N. 153 ; clawes {ms, clawwess) Orm. 

1225 ; clawes Alis. 2186 ; dauen ayenb. 61 ; 

dees Gow. II. 39; Mand. 198; cleen Pall. 

i. 937. 
clause, sb., Fr, clause ; clause, trans. XVIII. 

22 ; Gow. III. 87; DEP. R. PROL. 92, i. 83. 
olausure, sb., Lat, dausura ; cIosui^vvl, p. 83. 
clauBtre, sb.,= 0,N. klaustr, Z„(^klauster ; 

from Lat, claustrum; cloister; olaostree (pi) 

AYENB. 267 ; see ololstre and dltiiter. 
clawBtre-man, sb., monk, Orm. 6352. 



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claver. 



oler. 



121 



naH\ olawree (//&r davres) (pL) A. P. li. 1697. 
clayer, sb^ O.E. clafre, claeftiB, = M,Du, klaver, 

L,G. kliver, klever; clover ^ D. Arth. 3241 ; 

wite dovere voc 140 ; comp, heort-olevre. 
clavren, v., cf, Du, Idaveren, Dan, klavre; 

climb : daverande (pple.) on heghe D. Arth. 

3324 ; hwe¥er )>e cat of helle olavrede (prcl,) 

ever toward hire A. R. 102. 
claw, see olau. 
cl&win, v., 0,E, dawian, = 0.//.G, Ida wen, 

M.L.G. klawen, clauwen, klowen, klouwen, 

MDu. klauwen ; claw^ scratchy * scalfio,* PR. 

P. 80; Ch. C. t. Z>94o; dowe [clawen, 

dawe] Langl. B prol. 154 ; dowe Fer. 463 ; 

dftwe}> (pres.) PL. CR. 365; Gow. II. 93; 

oUwe (sulj.) O. & N. 154; ol&wed (prel^) 

Ch. C. t. a 4326; deu (ms. dew) Fer. 

5339; s. s. (Web.) 925. 
d&winge, sb., clcnvingy scratching^ * scalpi- 

lacioi PR. P. 80; )>e bore likide J>e clavinge 

wd S. S. (Wr.) 978. 

ole, see olaii. 

deafer, sb., = ? M,H,G, klouber ; claw, finger- 

nail\ oleafres {pL) A- R. 102 ; see olaver. 

deehe, sb., claw^ Jinger-ncdl\ oldohee (//.) 
A. R. 174*. 

oleohen, v., sei2e (with claws, hands) ; deche 
Horn (R.) 963; c l. 734; deke Iw. 2478 ; 
benne sir Gauan bi )« coler oleohes (pres,) 
pe knijt ant. Arth. xlviii ; dekes D. Arth. 
1865 ; dekis Alex. 842 ; dfihte (pret,) A. R. 
102* ; cl&ht (Pple,) SPEC. 37. 

def^ see olif. dei, see daL 

deken, v., CM. klekja ; f hatch, bring forth ; 
?olekit {pple.) TowNL. 311. 

deken, see decheiu olemben, see oUmben. 

demen, see oldmen. 

elemeren, see oUmbren. 

demmen, v., O.E. (be)demman, = O.L.G. 
(ant-, bi)1demmian, M,Du. clemmen, O.H.G, 
(pi)chlemmen ; from olam ; compress ; olem- 
(m)id (pple.) Halliw, 254; comp. for- 
clenunen. 

dehohen, v., =i/.//l(;.kIenken ; maketoclinkx 
(h)is harpe he gan denche Horn (R.) 1498 ; 
dendiin ajen ^ obgarrio* PR. P. 80; denken 
(t printed blenken, v. r. clinken) ... a belle 
Ch. C. T. ^ 1186; dinken (ffor denken) 
P. S. 189; )>at a^en dleiike]> (pres.) Shor. 
113. 

denchin, v.,=' O.H.G. (gi-, in)denken ; clench^ 
^retundoy PR. P. 80; ich wot 5ef smibes 
sdide nvele dendie O. & N. 1206; eleint 
(pple.) l. h. R. 138; idenched Ch. C. t. A 
1991 ; fontp. un-olenohen. 

dene, see clfine. 

dengen« v. (properly causative from elln- 
gen) ; ding : ^rolengea {pres.) )>e colde Gaw. 

. 2078; |>e?orst dlenged (pret.) 1694. 



olenken, see olenohen. oldnaien, see dnn* 

sien. 

oleo, see clau. oleof, see olif. 
oleopien, j^if^ol6plen. 
cleoven, v., O.E. deofan, - O.N. kliufa, 0.//.G. 

chliuban; cleave, split; deove Alis. 7702; 

deven Kath. 2027; Hav. 917; dcve Man. 

(H.)i88; defePR.c.6736; ol^ ( pret.) Uav. 

2643 ; P. L. s. xxiv. 254 ; Alis. 3708 ; Trist. 

2384 ; Langl. B xviii. 61 ; deef M and. 86 ; 

daefLA^. 21390; ()>ai) dove Fer. 2724 ; dofe 

TowNL. 255 ; ol6ve (sudj.) leg. 66 ; ol6fan 

(pple.) Orm. 1224; doven Fer. 162J; Ch. 

C.T.^ 2934; M AND. 95; doven [deft] WlCL. 

Mat. xxvii. 51 ; dovin LUD. Cov. 45 ; idove 

Rob. 49; Trev. VIII. 223; comp. a-, for-, 

to-oldoven. 
olivinge, sb., act of splitting, cleft, Trev. 

II. 383; M AND. 86. 
ol^vien, see ol^vien. 
oleowe, sb., O.E. cliwe, « O.H.G. diwa, chli wa ; 

clew ; d(e)owe, dewe O. & N. 578 ; dewe voc. 

180 ; a dewe of )>rede Trev. II. 385 ; a klewe 

of yarn voc. 157 ; dewe [diwe] Ch. l. g. w. 

2016. 
oleowen, v., O.E. deowen, cliewen, diwen, 

Ger. kleuen ; ball, clew, frag. 4. 
oI6pien,v.,0.£'.deopian, diopian, clypian, di- 

pian; call, Mk. x. 47 ; Kath. 2199 ; (ms. dep- 

fen) MISC. 5 1 ; depien,depian,deopien,dupien 
clepie, deopie] Laj. 852, 2498, 5945, 20357 ; 

^if ei wolde cleopien him to mete A. R. 260 ; 
.deopien, dipien hom. I. 185, 189; depie god 

to witnesse ayenb. 64; depen Orm. 15325 ; 

depin ^voco^ PR. P. 81; s. s. (Wr.) 1452; 

clepen, depe Ch. C. t. A 643 ; clepe Will, 

1299 ; deopie leg. 33 ; bischopes he let clipie 

BEK.472; me to dupie king Rob. 322 ; tofei 

ol6ple (pres.) ; ant calle SPEC. 59 ; cleopep o. 

& N. 1315 ; deopa^ HOM. 1. 119 ; we deopia^ 

togode 113 ; jif we depie^ )>ine feder 55 ; je 

me )>enne c\t^\n^ (invoke) 13; (hie) depie^ 

II. 21 ; ))erae dia)> hi depie^ lif ayenb. 72; 

dipiej) Shor. 107 ; oleopiende (pple.) hom. 

117 ; cl^pede (pret.) Laj. 191 ; gen. & ex. 

1274; OCTOV. (W.) 759; deopede toward 

heovene Marh. 18 ; dupede Horn. (L.) 225 ; 

dipede FER.142; clepedenORM. 12978; Wicl. 

Josh. xxii. 34 ; ol6ped (pple.) Orm. 14008 ; 

Mand. 305; Tor. 341; depid Langl. -ffx. 

21; dept HOCCL. i. 225 ; comp. bi-, je-, in-, 

wi6-ol6pien. 
ol6pinge, sb., O.E. deopung, dypung; 

calling, WiCL. Ephes. iv. i; Ed. 11 23; 

deopmge La^. 10287. 

oleppe, see elappe. oleppen, see oliippen. 
oleppin* \.,^M.L.G., M.Du. kleppen ; strike, 

sound, Uinnio^ PR. P. 81. 
cler, adj., O.Fr. cler, dier ; clear, Fl. & Bl. 

224 ; deer as water Trev. 1. 123 ; treat. 133 ; 

clier ayenb. 24 ; ))e cliere light LiDG. M. P. 



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122 



cler. 



olingen. 



215 ; J)e sunne ))at schines olere {adv,) C M. 

291 ; clerore (compar,) LEG. 98; clierer ayenb. 

267. 
olSr-liohe, adv., clearly y Brd. 21 ; clierliche 

AYENB. 155. 

olemesse, sb., clearness, LEG. 1 70 ; A yen b. 95 . 
ol§re-wort, sb., name of a red herb, D. Arth. 

3241. 
olerOy sb., 0,E, cleric, 0,Fr. clerc ; clerk, clergy- 

fnan, scholar. Sax. CHR,2So; LA5. 39; p.l.s. 

xvii. 50; clerk A. R. 318 ; Ch. C. t. A 480; 

olerkes (pi,) O. & N. 729. 
olerke-li, adv., like a clerk, * clericaliter^ PR. 

p. 81. 
olerematin, sb., kind of fine bread, Langl. 

A vii. 292 {B vi. 306 ; C ix. 328). 
olerete, see clerte. 
oleiin, v., 0,Fr, clairer ; make clear, clear, PR. 

P. 81 ; clerej> (pres,) Gow. III. 313 ; oleerid 

(pple.) WiCL. EX. xix. 16. 
olergeal [dergial], adj., learned, Ch. C. t. 

^754. 

dlergial-li, adv., learnedly, D. Arth, 200. 
Olergeon, sb., 0,Fr. clergeon {petit clerc); 

clerk in minor orders, Gow. 1. 255 ; Ch. C. t. 

B 1693. 
olergesse, sb.,(?./r.clergesse; learnedwoman, 

A. R. 6 ; Kath. 75. 
olergie, sb., 0,Fr. clergie ; clergy, p. L. s. xxv. 

155 ; P. s. 324 ; Jos. 171 ; clergies (pi.) Kath. 

538. 
olerte, sb., splendour, AuD.45 ; Wicl.Tobit 

xiii. 20; clerete WiCL. deeds xxii. 11. 
Olet, dot, sh,,^M,L,G. klot m., M,H.G. kloz 

m, n.j wedge, * cuneus,* PR. P. 81. 
Ol^te, sb., ?0,H,G, chletta, chledda; burdock, 

^lapipa^ voc. 191; of al France jaf noujt a 

clete trans. XVIII. 24. 
ole)>en, see cl&]>en. 
ol6ve, sb., 0,E, cleofa, clyfa,=aA': klefi w.; 

chamber, Hav. 557; Angl. IV. 189; kleve 

^cubile^ PS. XXXV. 5. 
eleven, see oleoven. 
Ol^viy adj., 0,E, clifig, cf Du, klevig, Ger. 

klebig ; ^hesive : clivi as elide A. P. ii. 1692. 
el^vieiiy v., O.E, cleofian, cliofian, clifian,= 

O.Z.(7.cliv6n, eleven; cf O.^.C7.chleben \from 

diTen ; cleave, adhere, {ms, cluyen, printed 

clenyen), SPEC. 37 ; clivin, cleve PR. P. 82 ; 

cleve [klive] PS. xciii. 20; cleovien JARB. XIII. 

174 ; cliven gen. & ex. 372 ; dive Fer. 1901 ; 

ol6ve)> (pres,) treat. 137; cliveth Ch. Boet. 

iii. 12(101); cleovie^LA^. 9389; ol6ve, clive 

(subf) Langl. ^xi. 219; ol6vilnde (pple,) 

AYENB. 107 ; ol6fede (pret.) Lk. x. i i ; clevede 

Bek. 2242 ; WicL. Job xxix. 10 ; cleved Will. 

734; HoccL. i. 31; Cliveden Hav. 1300; 

cUTed (pple.) HOM. II. 73. 
cUviinde-liohey adv., cuiheringly, ayenb. 

103. 



olevre, see cl&ver. olewe, see oldowe. 

dib, adj., ? from oliven; f obstinate, jarb. 
XIII. 163 ; olibbe (pi.) Misc. 144 ; ^ee mote 
boe wel clibbe (f printed chybhe) to floe ham 
REL. II. 243 ; oUbbest (superl.) jarb. XIII. 
163. 

cliochen, v., ? == oluoohen ; clutch : to folden 
and to clicchen (v. r. clucche) Langl. Cxx. 
120; clihte (pret.) L. H. R. 145 ; cli^te Ber. 
25 1 5 ; hit cli^t (adhered) to geder A. P. ii. 1692; 
clighte Chest. I. i 15 ; in ^oure armour so fast 
Icli^t (pple.) ASS. i5 719 ; he fond the . . .finger 
with the ring icli^t into the paume of the 
bond Trey. VII. 537 ; cle^t a. p. ii. 1655. 

cUde, sb., O.E. cli^e ; bur, A. P. ii. 1692. 

dient, sb., Fr. client ; client, Gow. I. 284. 

dif, sb., O.E. clif, cXeof, ^ M.Du., ON. klif 
n.; cliff: |)at clif [clef] La^. 1926; klifGAW. 
713; clif, clef Trey. III. 455; dive (dot.)* 
P. L. S. viii. 175; B. Disa 1163; clive, cleve 
Trey. VII. 461; clife, clefe Egl. 379, 415; 
to ban cleove LA5. 20861* ; cUves (pi.) La^. 
21807 ; kliflfes PS. cxiii. 8 ; cleves Ch. L. G. w. 
1466 ; diven (dot. pi.) Alis. 5429 ; comp. 
sd-elif. 

dift, see oluft. 

diket, sb., Fr. cliquet ; clicket, sort of latch, 
latch-key, UlavicuU; PR. P. 82 ; Langl. A v. 
613 ; Ch. C. t. E 2046 ; clekett * clavis' gate. 
66. 

diketed, pple., fastened with a latch {vjr. 
clikated, chketted, i-clicated], Langl. B\. 
623. 

elimaty sb., Fr. climat; climate, Langl. C 
xviii. 106 ; Ch. astr. ii. 39 (48). 

climbeiiy v., O.E. climban,=0.J7.(P. chlim- 
ban ; climb, A. R. 140 ; Orm. 11860 ; Ch. C. T. 
E 106; climben [clemben] La^. 851 ; climbe 
o. & N. 833 ; Will. 707 ; climme Shor. 3 ; 
clembe P. L. S. xxiii. 72 ; dajnb (pret.) Perc 
1223; clam Rob. 333 ; S. S. (Wr.)85i; clamb, 
clomb LEG. 74, 75 ; clomb A. R. 354 ; bu 
clumbe La^. 21439; heo clumben [demae] 
9420 ; A. R. 244 ; clomben, clumben Ch. C. t. 
A 3636 ; clomben Gaw. 2078 ; clomme ROB. 
410; him )>a5te he clemde upon )>is treo 
p. L. S. xiii. 123 ; elombe (pple.) Ch. C. t. 
^12; iclumben La^. 21432; HOM. I. 211; 
A. R. 178. 
olimare, sb., climber, PR. P. 82. 

dimbren, \.,^O.H,G. klimmem, klemmcm, 
climb: clemeri LEG. 166. 

clinen, v., O.Fr. cliner ; = declinin ; bow down, 
'declino,* PR. P. 82; i dine (pres.) to J>is 
acorde LUD. Coy. i 14. 

dingen, v., O.E. clingan ; cling, adhere; wither 
away, clinge O. & N. 743 ; Alis. 915 ; clingc 
& drie Fer. 2524 ; clinge & cleve LUD. Cov. 
J4 ; i clinge (pres.) as cleij S. A. L. 178 ; whan 
pou . . . clingest for drie Langl. B xiv. 50 ; ant 
clinge]> so ^ clai SPEC 85 ; his beli clinges 



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clingen. 



doterin. 



1^3 



?R. C. 823 ; olang (/r^/.) C. M. 4699 ; his 

limes clonge a wei P. L. s. xxiv. 215 ; clongen 

[clungen] \pple.) c. M. 4581 ; clungen was his 

chek M. H. 88 ; clunge L. H. R. 142 ; clongin 

M. Arth. 751; clonge Pall. ii. 46; comp, 

fbr-oiingen ; deriv, clengen. 
olinken^ = MJ>u, clinken, f O.N. klykkja ; 

dink; clinkin *ttnmo* PR. P. 82; ))ei herde 

a belle clinke Ch. C. t. C664; dertv. 

olenehen. 
Clint, sb., O.JV: *kliotr,=/<r^/. klettr, L.Ger.y 

Dan.y Swed. klint ; rock ; olintes (pi.) C M. 

17590; klintes Halliw. 497. 
oHpieii, see cl^pien. olippen, see diippen. 
olippen^ v., O.N. klippa ; clip (with shears), 

Orm. 4106; clippin Uondeo' PR. P. 82; 

dippe Wicl. gen. xxxi. 19 ; clippe and schave 

Ch. C. t. a 3326 ; olippid {pple.) Wicl. gen. 

xxiz. 16. 
eUppare, sb., O.N. klippari; clipper y shearer y 

Uonsor* PR. p. 82 ; clippere WiCL. Is. liii. 7 ; 

dippers (pi.) Man. (H.) 238. 
dippinge, sb., clippings ' tonsuruy PR. P. 82. 
dipping-time, sb., shearing-iime, gen. & 

EX. 1739. 
dips, sb.,^ eclipse; Langl. ^xviii. 135 ; 

dippice PR. P. 82. 
dipsi, adj., eclipsed^ R. R. 5351. 
disterie, sb., O.Fr. dist€re; cfysUry Trev. 

IV. 393. 

[dive, sb., O.E. clIfe,=il/X.(P.klfve, M.Du. 

klijve, O.H.G. chliba ; bur; comp. gftr-dive.] 
Cfiven, v., O.E. difan, = ^//.(^.kllban (adhere), 

MJ)u. diven, O.N. klTfa (climb) \ climb \ 

fet wilneb he^e to dive AyenB. 23 ; hi diven 

Xpret.pL) into }>e helle aYenb. 126; hi bi^ 

. . . he^e idive (pple.) 26. 
Cfiven, v., = deoven ; splitycleceve] cWwm^ findo' 

PR. P. 82 ; J)e helm he olftf Man. (F.) 10895. 
diver, sb., O.E. clifer (gen.pl. difra) ; claw ; 

divree, devres (pi.) o. & N. 1 55, 270 ; olivre 

(dat.pL)y%; ^ olaver. 

diver,adj.,/a£'.dibbor; f/romoliven fmod. 

Eng. dever ; tenacious : & te devel (is) diver 

on sinnes reu I. 213. 

divi, see cl6vL olivien, see d6vien. 

clobbed, see dubbed, 
doche, see olucchC' 
docher, sb., Fr. dodier; belfry y PR. P. 82; 

LiDG. M. p. 201. 

dodde, see dotte. oloddres, see doter. 
doftnnge, sb., O.E. duf))ung; ranunculus, 

leechd. II. ^77. 
dogge, sb., clogy lumPy obsiaclCy ^truncusy 

PR. P. 83; dogges (pi.) P. s. 1 54; TowNL. 313. 
doistre, sb., OJ^r. cloistre; cloistery Bek. 

2077; AYENB. 151 ; Ch. C. t. 6^43. 
doistrer, sb., O.Fr. cloistrier ; monk ; olols- 

trers (pi.) ayenb. 67. 



ol6ke, sb., clawy Townl. 324 ; clokes (pi.) 

A. R. 102; PR. a 6936; klokes D. Arth. 

792. 
doke, sb., cloak, La^. 13097*; Ch. C. t. 

AiS7; dooke PR. P. 83. 
eloked-li, adv., y>v;« doke; disguisedfyy s. & 

c II. Ivii. 
oloken, v., Fr. doker, dodier; limp, walk 

lame : ))ere conninge derkes shd docke 

[dokke] bihinde Langl. B iii. 34. 
dokke, sb.y-= Af.Du. klocke, O.N. klokka, 

klukka ; clocky PR. P. 83 ; a dokke Ch. C. t. 

^4044; ten of )>e dokke it was /5; at vii. 

of the dokke w. & i. 17. 
clokkin, v., O.E. cloccian = Swed. klokka, 

klukka, M.H.G, kludcen, gludcen ; ducky 

PR. P. 83. 
olom, sb., f silence, ayenb. 264, 266; dum 

[dom] Ch. C. t. A 3639. 
olom, see dftm. 
[elomen, v., Du. kleumen, f be stiff; comp, a- 

deomen.] 
domsen, v., fbe numb, stiff-, whan J>ou dom- 

sest (pres.) for colde Langl. ^xiv. 50 ; he is 

outher domsed (pple.) or wod PR. c 165 1 ; 

dumsid hondis * manus dissolutas* WiCL. Is. 

XXXV. 3 ; comp. aHdimisen. 
olond, see eland. 
doB, adj., Fr. dos; close, shut upy Gow. II. 

94; A. P. i. 183 ; doos Trev. II. 75- 
clofl, sb., O.Fr. dos; close, field, enclosed 

place, Rob. 7; doos or jerde ^ dausura' 

PR. P. 83. 
olosen, v., from clos ; close, enclose ; dose 

Rob. 28 ; closede (pret.) Hay. 1310 ; dosed 

(pple.) chr. E. 629. 
dosingis, sb. pi., gates, WiCL. PROV. viii. 

3. 
Closet, sb., f O.Fr. doset ; closet, Gaw. 934 ; 

Trev. V. 313. 
closure, sb., O.Fr. dosure ; closure, * dausurai 

PR. p. 83. 
clot, s\i.,^M.Du. klot (lump, clod), O.H.G. 

cloz m. (lump) ; clod, P. L. S. xxxiii. 25 ; H. V. 

13 ; ane dot of hevi eor^e A. R. 140 ; dotte 

(dat.) A. R. 254; clottes (pi.) Trev. II. 23 ; 

dottis ^glebae ' WiCL. JOB xxviii. 6 ; comp. 

del-dot. 
dot, see clet. 
dote, sb., O.E. date, /; burdock, * lappa,' 

FRAG. 3 ; PR. P. 83 ; REL. 1. 37 ; dote [doote] 

Wicl. Hos. ix. 6. 
olote-lee^ sb., leaf of the burdock, Ch. C. t. 

^577. 
doter, sb., cf. Swed. klotr, n. (globus), M.Du. 

Idoter(melk) ; dot', in oloddres (pi) of blod 

his her was clunge L. H. R. 142. 
cloterin, v., cf M.Du. doteren ; clot, ^coagulo, 

PR. P. 83; dotred [dotered] (pple) blood 

Ch. C. t. a 2745. 

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clotte. 



onal. 



clotte, sb., cf, M,Du, klotte, f Ger, klotze; clod, 

CATH. 68 ; REL. II. 192 ; clodde ^gleba^VK. P. 

83 ; Pall. i. 73. 
oloS, see ol&S. 
oloUy sb., Fr, clou (de girofle) ; clove^ L. C C 

17 ; clawe (? =clou) cath. 68. 
olowe-gilofire, sb., clove-gilly -flower, M and. 

263. 
Clouchin,sb.,/i^.Z>».*klouwken; from klouwe, 

cloue ; little ball, ^ glomicellus^ PR. P. 83. 
oloude, see elude. 
oloue» sh,, M,Du. klouwe; ball\ {ms, clowe) 

'glomus * PR. P. 83. 
Olou^, sb., dough, Trist. 1761 ; cloughis 

{gen.) M. Arth. 893 ; clous C. M. 17590. 
Olousey see oltise. clout, see dtit. 
oloute, sb., blow on the head, Triam. 781 ; 

ISUM. 619; LUD. Cov. 98. 
Ol6ve, sb., O.E, cluf [ace, pL clufe leechd. 

II. 36); clove \ clove of garlek PR. P. 

84. 
olovere, see olftver. oloweiiy see clawin. 
Olub, sb., cf, Swed, klubb, m, (lump)*, (ms. 

glubbe) ^ globus^ WiCL. num. xvi. 11. 
olubbe, O.N. klubba / ; club, 'fustis^ PR. P. 

84 ; LA5. 26062 ; Hav. 1927 ; ^ pedum' voc. 

240; klubbe A. P. i. 1348; clobbe Trist. 

2338 ; clubbes (pi.) Iw. 3200 ; dubben (dot. 

pi!) La^. 21504; comp. msBin-clubbe. 
clubbed, adj., Swed. klubbed ; clubbed, Ch. 

C. T. ^3088; clubbid 'rudis' PR. P. 84; 

clobbed Ch. C. t. B 3088. 
Clucche, sb., clutch; oloches (pi.) Langl. 

^PROL. 154; cloches Map 338. 
clucchen, v. clutch : to cluche [clucche] or 

to clawe Langl. ^ xvii. 188; cluohe (pres.) 

REL. II. 211 ; cluchches A. P. ii. 1541 ; upe 

here ton heo seten iclujt leg. 192; comp, 

for-oluoohen. 
elude, sb., O.E. clud m., cf. M.L.G. klude /, 

(stone, as a weight) ; rock : ))a elude (sec, text 

cleve) La^. 1 91 5; cloude spec 44; wormes 

wowe)> under cloude spec. 44; eludes (pi.) 

Orm. 2656 ; knarres & eludes o. & N. looi ; 

dude LA3. 21849; oluden (dat. pi,) La^. 

31880. 
elude, sb. (prob. same word as the preceding) ; 

cloud, c M. 18402; cloude 'nubes* PR. p. 

84; Bek. 141 5; Alis. Tjy; Ch. C. t. B 

3956; olouden (pi.) treat. 136; cloudes 

ayenb. 108; PS. xvii. 12; oloude (dat, pL) 

a. d. 243. 
oludi, adj., cloudy, cloudi Brd. 23 ; LiDG. M. 

p. 139. 

eludi^, adj., O.E, cludig ; rocky, Orm. 2734. 
Cliift, sh.,^ Swed. klyfta, Dan, kloft, M.H,G. 

kluft / (fissure) ; Jrom oleoven ; cleft ; clift 

' sdssura, rima* PR. P. 81 ; 'furckure* voc. 

148; clift [clifte] C M. 19834; olifte (dat.) 

Ch. C. t. Z?2I45 ; to helle clifte l. h. r. 205; 



clufted, cliftes ^fissurae^ Trev. IV. 347; 

cliftus \^ sdssurcLS^\ WiCL. Is. xxii. 9. 
eluxn, see olom. elumsen, see domsen. 
eliipien, see ol^pien. 
cliippen, v., O.E, clyppan, cf, 0,Fris, Weppa ; 

embrace, HOM. I. 185; A. R. 424; cluppe 

spec 38; clippe Horn (R.) 1362; Langl. 

^xvii. 188; Parton. 621 ; cleppen Fl. & Bl. 

594 ; cleppe Ocrov. (W.) 585 ; olippeJ> (pres.) 

Ch. C. t. £^2413 ; cliipte (pret.) La^. 501 i ; 

Bek. 288; clipte Will. 1265; Man. (F.) 

121 18; clipped (pple,) Will. 859; comp. 

bi-oluppen. 
duppunge, sb., act ofembradng, A. R. 324 ; 

cluppunge, cluppinge H. M. 3 ; cluppinge 

HOM. I. 201. 
duse, sb., 0,E. dus,^ 0,//.G, chlusai, from 

med.Lat, clusa; mill dam : et ter mulne cluse 

A. R. 72 ; clouse PR. P. 84. 
clusen, v., O.E. (be)clysan ; close; oiiadm 

(pret.) La^. 9760; comp, bi-, for-olusen. 
clusung, sb., 0,E, clysung, clysing ; closing, 

FRAG. I. 

cluster, sb., 0,E, cluster, clyster, = L.G. 
kluster; cluster, Trev. IV. 151; WiCL. 
deut. xxxii. 32; clustir, closter *boirus 
(Pdrpvs), racemus ' PR. P. 84 ; closter *botrus' 
VOC. 277 ; cluBtrea (pi.) Mand. 168. 

[cluster, sb., O.E, cluster ; cloister.] 
eluster-loke, sb., O.E, clustorloca; doister; 
eluBterlokan (pi.) hom. I. 43. 

elusteren, v., L,Ger, klustem ; cluster : moni 
clustered (pple,) clowde clef alle in clowtez 
A. p. ii. 367. 

dut, sb., O.E. dut,=0,N, klutr ; clout, rag. A, 
R. 256; R. S. V (misc. 172); clout 'panniculus, 
pittadum * PR. p. 84 ; REL. I. 65 ; Mand. 
293; )>ane clout Shor. 15; a wollen clout 
Alis. 4459 ; ich nabbe clout ne lappe P. R. L. P. 
227; elutes (pi,) HOM. I. 277; Orm. 3327; 
Hav. 547; cloutes PL. CR. 244; sche rente 
it al to cloutes Ch. C. t. £ 1953 ; comp, 
pllohe-» swej>d-, wlnde-dfit. 

clute, sh,,=^M.L,G, klute ; clod, o, & N. 1167. 

elutien, v., 0,E, (ge)clutian; patch, mend; 
cloutin * sardo * PR. p. 84 ; she wolde cloute 
mi cote lud. Cov. 98 ; eiatie (pres, subj\) 
a. r. 256; clouted (pple.) PL. CR. 424; i- 
clouted Langl. ^vi. 61 ; comp, bi-dtXtien. 
olouter, sh,,patcher, 'sartor^ PR. p. 84. 

enag, sb., cf, Dan, knag, Swed, knagg m,; 
knot, peg; knagg Flor. 1795. 

enaggen, w,, fasten with a knot; knagged 
(pple,) D. Troy 4972 ; knaged Gaw. 576. 

enak, sb., 0,N, knakkr; crack, noise; knak 
Fer. 4599; knaokis (pL) WiCL. E. w. 156; 
knakkes (v, r, crekes) CH. C. T. (Wr.) 4049. 

cnakken, v., cause to sound; knaokus (pns.) 
WiCL. s. w. III. 482. 

cnal, sb., pssonul ; knock^ Fer. 463*. 



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onap. 



ondolien. 



1^5 



enftp, sb^ O.E, cnaepp {vertex)y^O.N, knappr 
(kmb) ; knob ; knappes (pL) of golde Langl. 
B vi. 272. 

ciiap,sb.,=i>«.knap; blow ^ knock : ))e knight, 
under knappia (//.)> upponknes fell D. Troy 
6437. 

cndpe, sb., O.E. cnapa, =■ a-Tw. knapa, 
OX,G. knapo, aiV. knapi ; = on&ve ; ^<?y, 
[«/iA?r'], Mat. viii. 6 ; knape gen. & ex. 477 ; 
S.S. (Web.) 930 ; Gow. III. 321 ; L. H. R. 136 ; 
Gaw. 2136; S. & al. Ixi; ozUipes (gen,) 
Orm. 4106 ; ondpen (ace.) Lk. ix. 47 ; comp, 
herde-onape. 

cndpe-dhUd, sb., male child, Orm. 7895 ; 
knapechild GEN. & EX. 2585. 

enarre, sh., ^L.Ger, knarre; knot\ knarre 
Gaw. 1434 ; Ch. C. t. A 549 ; knarres (pL) 
& eludes o. & N. looi ; ful of knarres ^ver- 
Hdbus plenum ' WiCL. wiSD. xiii. 13. 

cnarri, adj., knotty, gnarled\ knarri Ch. C. t. 
^1977. 

cndye, sb., O.E. cnafa, = O.H.G. chnabe, 
mod.Eng. knave; boy, servant (ms. cnaue), 
LA3. 292*; PL. CR. 288 ; knave GEN. & EX. 1 1 5 1 ; 
Hav. 450; TREAT. 139; Will. 2394; Flor. 
2095 ; Ch. C. t. A 3434 ; Tor. 2008 ; )« kokes 
knave A. R. 380; knight, swain and knave 
Aus. 79(S8 ; is youre child a knave TowNL. 
113; knafe M. H. 131; cnAven (pL) Laj. 

15559. 

kndve-bcuni, sb., male child, C M. 2668. 
on&ve-ohild, sb., m€de child, HOM. II. 47 ; 
Laj. 15526* (Jirst text cnihtbaem); knave- 
child P. L. S. xxiiL 45 ; WiCL. EXOD. i. 16 ; Ch. 
C.T.^715. 

on&yiflch, adj., knavish ; a knavisch speche 
Ch. C. t. /^205. 

cn&we, sb., O.E. (ge)cnawe ; conscious : he 
nolde be knowe for no )>ing )>at hit wes a maide 
a. d. 258. 

cn&weneBse, sb., knowledge ; cnow(e)nesse 
HOM. II. 25. 

onaw-leche, sb., from stem of on&wen; 
knowledge; knauleche CM. 12 162; knowe- 
leche Trev. III. 216 ; knouleche Mand. 313 ; 
Ch. C.T.-5i22o; lud. Cov.93; sou^tenhim 
a mong hise cosins and hise knouleche («^- 
quaintances)V^iCL,l.K.M^', knoulache AUD. 
19; knaulage Perc 1052. 

on&welechiy v., from on&wl§ohe ; acknow- 
ledge-, cnowlechi LEB. Jes. 198 ; knoulechin 
^fateri' PR. P. 280; knouleche Map 335; 
Mand. 120; knoulache MiRC 1670; cnfiw- 
lecheS (pres.) Kath. 1352; ^if ha . . . cnaw- 
Icch^ so^ H. m. 9; knduleohide (pret,) 
WiCL. ESTH. viii. I ; knowleched Langl. B 
v,48i ; knoulecheden Will. 4782. 
co&wleohingey sb., acknowledging, Kath. 
1388; knaulechinge ayenb. 132; cnou- 
Icchimge a. R. 92; knoukching Gow. II. 
23- 



on&weiii v., O.E, (ge)cn5wan (pret, cneow), 
0,H,G, (int-, ir-)chnahan, knahan (pret, 
chnata), 0,N. pres, kna (pret, knatta) ; know, 
Orm. 1314; knawe Hav. 2785; ayenb. 26; 
PR. c. 429 ; knaue ant. Arth. xix ; cnowen 
HOM. II. 81 ; knowen Will. 577 ; knowe 
Langl. ^xix. 198; cnouen rel. I. 172; 
knoue AuD. 43; cn&wetS (pres,) HOM. I. 
249 ; kndu (imper,) H. H. 165 (167) ; cneow 
(pret,) Orm. 12584; cneou LA3. 17069; 
kneow Alis. 113; cnew HOM. II. 127; kneu 
Horn (R.) 1151; Rob. 315; c m. 11032; 
kneew Alis.' (Sk.) 541 ; J)ou cnewe rel. 1. 48 ; 
knewen gen. & ex. 2904; knewen ayenb. 
246 ; knewe Langl. -ffxii. 154 ; ^ef bu cneowc 
Jul. 22 ; kn&wen (pple,) Iw. 2666 ; PR. c 
444 ; knowen GEN. & ex. 3037 ; knowen 
Mand. 2 ; knowe Will. 726 ; comp, an-, bi-, 
^e-on&wen. 
on&wing, sb., knowing; knawing PR. C. 
145 ; cnowunge A. R. 280. 
onftweSy adj., ffor on&we; beo nu ken & 
cnawes Kath. 2070 ; comp, adS-onAwes. 
end, see oneo. 

on^den, v., O.E. cnedan, = M,L.G, kneden, 
0,H,G, chnetan ; knead \ knedin PR. p. 279 ; 
knede Ch. C. t. A 409^1 ; on^dest (pres,) 
Orm. i486; kn6den (pple.) r. r. 217; 
knodon PR. P. 280 ; comp, )e-on6den. 
on6dare, sb., kneader ; knedare PR. P. 279. 
[on^ding, sb., kneading,"] 

kn6ding-trogh, sb., kneading-trough, Ch. 
C. T. A 3548. 

kn6ding-tubbe, sb., kneading-' tub, Ch. C. 
T. A 3563, 3594. 
oneUen, see ondolien. 

oneOy sb., O.E, cneo, cneow,=O.J^.(7. kneo, 
knio, Goth, kniu, 0,Fris, kne, knl, 0,N, kn6, 
OM,G, chneo, chniu, Lat, genu, Gr. ydw; 
knee; cneow frag. 6; knee ^ genu^ voc. 
186; to J>e ni)>e cne (degree) Hickes I. 226; 
kne GEN. & EX. 444 ; in (fe) te|)e kne RoB. 
228 ; on(e)owe (pi) La^. 5388* ; cneon HOM. 
I. 191 ; Marh. 9 ; failed a cneon A. R. 16 ; 
kneon treat. 139; cnewes (ms, cnewwess) 
Orm. 6467 ; knewes Ar. & MER.6551 ; knes 
Horn (L.) 383 ; knees [knowes] Langl. A v. 
203 ; oneowen (dat, pL) Lk. v. 8 ; cneowen 
La^. 12685 ; J>e king lasi on cneouwen 32046 ; 
cneowe 29573; cneon 4996; kneon misc. 
149. 

kneo-bon, sb., knee-bone, chr. E. 758. 
one-hole, sb., 0,E, cneowholen (voc. 68) ; 
knee-holly (printed cue-hole), rel. I. 37. 
knee-panne, sb., knee-pan, voc 183. 
oneo-res, sb., 0,E, cneoress, -ryss; gene- 
ration. Mat. xvii. 17. 

oneolien, \,,^M,L,G, knelen, M,Du, knielen ; 
kneel : cneolin Marh. 20 ; cneolen, cnelen 
Orm. 6138, 1 1392 ; knele Hav. 1320 ; Mand. < 
14; Egl, 1279; cnewlest (pres,) HOM. IL 



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126 



cndolien. 



oniiL 



25 ; cneuleS 83 ; oneole (imper,) La^. 24163 ; 
cneole^ A. R. 18 ; kneoli (subj,) R. s. v (misc. 
168) ; kneolinde {fiple.) A. R. 18 ; oneoulede 
ipret) LA5. 29654; kneulede Bek. 540; 
knelede spec 106 ; Trev. V. 455. 

knelare, sb., kneeler, PR. p. 279. 

kneuling, sb., kneeling^ Horn (H.) 810; 
cneling Orm. 1451. 

cneowien, v., 0,E, cneowian, cf, O.H,G. chni- 
wen, chniuwen ; kneel \ knewede(/r-?/.) HOM. 
I. 121 ; knowede misc. 48. 

kneouwunge, sb., 0.£'.cneowung; kneeling^ 
HOM. I. 199. 
cnioohOy see onuoohe. 

cnif, sb., 0,E, cnl£,=M.Du. knijf «., O.N. 
knifr m,j' kni/ey Kath. 1953 ; j)at cnif Orm. 
4128 ; enne longne cnif La^. 3775 ; knif A. R. 
282; Hav. 479; SPEC 102; Alis. 1061 ; 
Mand. 51 ; onifes (gen.) Orm. 4257 ; knive 
(dal.) HOM. I. 69 ; cnifes 22805 ; cnives 
12282; onive (fms. cniues, r. w. live) (//.) 
LA5. 18027 ; knifes [knives] Ch. C. t. A 233 ; 
knives A. R. 212; Hav. 1769; cDiven (dot. 
pL) La^. 4009 ; comp. bord-knif 

knif-w(e)orpare» sb., km/e-thrower^ A. R. 
212. 
cnihty sb., O.E. cniht, cnyht, cnieht, cnioht, 
cneoht,= O./Vtj. knecht, 0,H.G, chneht, mod. 
^w^.knighty boy; servants soldier; knight, 
HOM. II. 181; cniht, knit [cni))t] LA3. 346, 
2800; cniht, knijt o. & N. 1087, 1575 ; kniht 
Horn (R.) 508; knicht Wart. II. 2; 
kni^t Degr. 1506 ; ich am )>i kni^t Rob. 115 ; 
Lazar J»e kni^t leb.- Jes. 678 ; knigt GEN. & 
EX. 283 ; knight Ch. C. T. -<4 43 ; knith, knict, 
knicth, knit Hav. 32, 77^ 1650, 2427 ; knict, 
knit Horn (H.) 524, 1038; onihtea (gen.) 
La^. 19950 ; onihte (dat^ La^. 7703 ; knihte 
A. R. 86 ; onihtea (pi.) Sax. chr. 252 ; (ms. 
cnihhtess) Orm. 8185; knihtes a. r. 358; 
cnihtes, cnihte LA5. 3617, 26780; kni^te 
P. L. s. xix. 263 ; onihte (gen. pi.) Laj. 
8172, 18007; cnihtene (printed cinhtene) 
3346; cnihtene Kath. 1571 ; onihten (dat 
pi.) Mk. iii. 9 ; La^. 714; mid cnihten HOM. 
I. 231 ; comp. bur-y in-, leoming-oniht. 

oniht-bflBm, sb., male child (sec. text cnave- 
child), LA5. 15526. 

kni^t-ohild» sb., male child, L. N. F. 214. 

kniht-hod, sb., O.E. cnihthad ; knighthood, 
Horn (R.) 543 ; knijthod ayenb. 83. 

kni^li, adj., O.E. cnihtllc ; knightly, WiCL. 
2 Macc viii. 9. 

oniht-Boipe, sb., knighthood, * militia,* HOM. 
1. 243 ; Laj. 3801 ; knihtshipe P. s. 335. 

knight-weede, sb., attire of a knight, Aus.' 
(Sk.) 544. 

cniht-weored, sb., troop of knights, La^. 
26766. 
onihten, v., knight, create a knight ; knihten 
Horn (R.) 640 ; kni3ted (pple^V^iLL. 1354. 



onobbey sb., M.L.G. knobbe ; knob : knobbe 
PR. P. 280 ; be knobbes (//.) sittinge on his 
chekes Ch. C. t. A 633. 

onobbel, sb.,=^M.Du. knobbel ; knob; knoblc 

PR. p. 280. 

onobbid, adj., knobbed; cnobbid PR. p. 280. 
onok, sb., knock, blow ; knok Langl. fVVr.) 

6262 ; knok C vi. 178 ; knokke ^x. 327 ; Rich. 

491. 
onokien, v., O.E. cnucian, O.N. knoka; knock; 

knoke)> (pres.) ayenb. 116 ; cnoken a. p. i. 

726 ; knoke (imper.) Ch. C. t. A 3432 ; 

cnokie^ Mat. vii. 7 ; knokede (pret.) s. s. 

(Wr.) 1420 ; knoked (pple.) MiN. iii. 68. 
cnokil, sb.,= M.Du., M.L.G. knokel, M.H.G. 

knuchel; knuckle, * nodus,* voc. 186; ^ con" 

dylus* PR. p. 280 ; knokelis (pi.) rel. 1. 19a 
onol, sb., O.E. cnoU ; knoll; knol gen. & ex. 

4129; onolles (pi.) holies* Hickes I. 168 

(HOM. II. Ill); knolles PS. bciv. 13. 
onollin, v.,=cnullen; knock; knollin, ^pulso,* 

PR. P. 280^ knelled (pple.) E. G. 401. 
onop, sb., = O.Fris. knop, O.H.G. chnoph, 

cnopf ; knop, knob, button; bud; knop lud. 

Cov. 245 ; as hit were a gilden knop L. c c 

39 ; )>e Imop of )>e kne voc 208 ; knoppe 

(dot.) w. & I. 35; knoppes (pi.) R. R. 1080, 

1683 ; knoppis Degr. 1494 ; knoppis of bars 

WiCL. EXOD. xxvi. II. 
knop-weed, sb., centaurea nigra, LEECHD. 

III. 319. 
onoppe, sb., = M.Du.,MX.G.knoppem.; knobf 

bud ; knoppe * nodus, gemma * PR. p. 280. 
onoppe, v., stud, provide with knobs ^ ^buUareJ 

CATH. 205; knopped (pple.) R. R. 7260; 

knopped schon PL. CR. 424. 
cnorre, sh.,^M.Du., M.L.G., M.ff.G.knom; 

knot, excrescence; knor Ber. 2514. 
cnotte, sb., O.E. cnoitSL,=M.Du. knutte, M.If. 

G, knotze ; knot, H. M. 33 ; knotte * no^is ' PR. 

p. 280; CM. 8411; Ch. C. T. -^401 ; )>anc 

knotte ayenb. 253 ; wi^ute knotte A. R. 2 ; 

knotten (pi.) Bek. 1479; cnotten, cnottes 

Kath. 1 1 57 ; knottes Mand. 190; pl. cr. 161. 
knot-lea, adj., without a knot or obstacle, 

Ch. Tro. v. 768. 
cnottel, sh.,^ M.Du. knuttel; little knot; 

knottiles (pl.) Halliw. 498. 
onottiy adj., knotty, hom. I. 281 ; knotti ^no* 

dosus* PR. p. 280 ; Ch. C. t. A 1977, 
onottien, v., knot ; onotted (pple.) Sax. chr. 

262 ; knotted Mand. 197 ; iknotted a. r. 420; 

cnottede schurgen Kath. 155 i. 
cnowen, see on&wen. 
oniioohe, sh.,^ M.L.G. knucke, knocke ; bun- 

die ; knitche [^fasciculus '] WiCL. Amos ix. 6 ; 

knohohes (pl.) of hai Rich. 2985 ; binde^ hem 

in knucchen (/n>»/^^knucchenus) Misc. 225. 
cniil, sb., O.E. cnyll ; knell, rel. II. 277 ; ()»e) 
. laste knel 79. 



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oniillen. 



ooilon. 



127 



cnullen, v., 0£. cnyUan,=if/J/.(7. kniillen ; 

knacky beat J ring bells ; knille Perc. 1348 ; 

MAS. 689 ; lete al so )>e belles knille MiRC 779 ; 

knulled (pfile.) P. S. 193 ; see onoUin. 
onumedy adj., ? gnarled, knotty ; to his cnur- 

nede cneon Marh. 10 ; knomed stonez Gaw. 

2166. 
cniitten, v., O.E. cnyttan, = il/X.CP. knutten ; 

knit ; knittin ' nodoy necto ' PR. P. 279 ; knit- 
ten Langl. ^prol. 169; knitte his browes 

Ch. Q.i,A 1 128 ; knut (pres,) A. R. 396 ; as 

me knit a net P. L. s. xvii. 1 57 ; knutte \pret.) 

Alis. 2251 ; knette Gow. II. 30; knitted 

(pple.) PR. c. 7215; icnut Kath. 1525; to 

g^dir hit is iknit AUD. 10 ; comp, mx-onutten. 
cOy see 0&. 
cobarde, sb., / baker^s tongs \ * vertebra^* voc 

201. 
[cobbely sb., cf, Swed, kobbel (boundary- 

stone, RiETZ).] 
oobil-stdn, sb., cobble-stone, ^rudus,* voc. 

256 ; ^petrilla ' PR. P. 84. 
cobben, v., c/, Swed. kubba ; strike ; oobblt 

ipret.) D. Troy 8285. 
oobelere, sb., cobbler, * sartor,' pr. p. 84; 

Langl. A v. 170. 
oocsb., OJS. coc, cocc, OJ^r. coc, 0,N, kokr ; 

^5^» ^ gallusy Mk. xiv. 68 (the earlier text has 

hana) ; a. r. 140 ; o. & N. 1679 ; rel. I. 217 ; 

AYENa 258 ; cok Mand. 91 ; oookes (gen.) 

Bek. 1090; a ookkes comb Mand. 207 ; 

oockes f5t ? columbine, leechd. III. 319; 

ookkes ipL) Trev. I. 339; comp, pft-, 

weder-y wude-coo. 
ode, sb., O.E, coc, cf, O.H.G. coch ; Lat, co- 

qvus, cocus ; cook ; LA3. 19948 ; cok,kok Hav. 

967, 2898 ; kok SPEC. loi ; cook Langl. B v. 

155; Ch. C. t. a 2020; Lidg. m. p. 217; 

kukV0C2ii; kokee (^^.) A. R. 380 ; cokes 

(id,) LA5. 3315 ; Trev. V. 173. 
cocard, sb., 0,F. cocart, cocard ; fool, Gow. 

II. 221. 
oocatrice, sb., 0,Fr, cocatrice; cockatrice, 

WiCL. PS, xc 13 ; kocatrice * basiliscus ' PR. P. 

38l 

coooop, see euccu. 
oock, ^., fight, strife, PS. cxliii. i. 
[oocke, sb.,=(7^r. kocke w.y cock, heap; 

comp, hal-cooke.] 
oookere, sb., one who makes hay-cocks \ 

ooker(e)s [cokares] (pi.) Langu Cvi. 13. 
ooeken, v., f fight', he wole grennen cocken 

& chiden rel. I. 188 ; cocke wi{> knif p. s. 

153; cocken (pres, pL) Alex. 2042 ; mon 

)iat si> briddes ookklnde (,pple.) REL. I. 

262. 
oooker, sb., f fighter ; cocker bef& horeling 

REL. I. 188 ; cokkers (//.) TOWNL. 242 ; 

filters and cokkers Trev. IV. 173. 
oookimgey sb., f fighting; wi% strong cock- { 



unge overcume hire flesch H. M. 47 ; cokkinge 
Trev. II. 83. 

ooole, sb., cockle, * cochlea,' PR. p. Z6. 

oocodril, sb., Lat, crocodllus ; crocodile ; 
cokedril WiCL. lev. xi. 29 ; cokadrill Alis. 
6620; oocodrilles (pL) Mand. 198. 

oooumber, sb., O.Fr, cocombre; cucumber, 
Pall. i. 981. 

cod, sb., 0,E, codd (bag), cfDu. kodde (coleus) 
(KiL. DICT.), 0,N. koddi w.y bag; cod, husk ; 
Mat. X. 10; Ch. C. t. C534 ; (pillow) Townl. 
84 ; codde husk, scrotum PR. P. 85 ; mid 
))ine . . . codde (skin) O. & N. 1 124 ; winberian 
coddes(//.) LEECHD. III. 112'; coddis [^ sili- 
qvis *] WiCL. Lk. XV. 16 ; coddis of silke Hal- 
Liw. 262 ; comp, ballok-, bSn-, p6s-cod. 

cod, sb., cod (the fish), B. B. 174. 

code, see cude. 

codling, sb., codling (fish), * morus* PR. P. 85 ; 

* mullus' voa 189. 

codtQe, sb., 0,E, cudele; cuttle, ^ sepia,* 

PR. p. 85. 
oo-empoion, sb., Lat, co-emptio ; co-emption ; 

coempcioun, )>at is to sein, comune achat, or 

biing togidere Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 
coeteme, adj., Lat, co-aetemus ; co-eternal, 

Ch. Boet. v. 6 (172). 
cof, oofe, cofliche, see ofi£ 
cofln, sb.,6>./^r.cofin, mod,Eng. coffin ; basket, 

* cophinus^ PR. P. 85 ; WiCL. PS. Ixxx. 7 ; cofine 
(pie-crust) L. c C 34, 39, 41 ; cofELos (//.) 
Pall. iv. 672. 

cofre, sb., OJ^r, cofre; coffer, Bek. 1923 ; c. L. 

992 ; SPEC. 27 ; Ch. C. t. E 585. 
cofren, v., Fr, cofFrer ; store in a coffer, PL. 

CR. 68. 

cog-boote, see cok-boot under coke, 
cogge, sh,,= MX,G, kogge, M,Du, kogghe, 

OJ^, kuggr ; small boat, Ch. L. G. W. 1477 ; 

D. Arth. 476 ; oogges (pi.) Rich. 4784 ; 

Man. (F.) 12068. 
cogge ', sb., cf, Swed, kugge m,; cog, tooth of a 

wheel, PR. P. 85 ; frogge |)at sit at mulne under 

cogge O. & N. 8i6. 
coghen, see coughen. 
cogitaciun, sb., O.Fr. cogitaciun ; cogitation, 

A. R. 288. 
oognadoiin, sb., O.Fr, cognation, Lat, cog- 

natio ; kindred, WiCL. gen. x. 31, xxiv. 4. 
cognisannce, sb., O.Fr. conissance ; know- 
ledge, DREAM 3091. 
ooi, adj., O.Fr. coh, qvoi, mod.Eng, coy ; 

quiet, PR. P. 86 ; Ch. C. t. ^ i 19. 
coien, v., make quiet, Ch. Tro. ii. 801 ; coies 

(/r^j.) Alis.2 (Sk.) 1 175. 
ooife, sb., 0,Fr, coife ; coif, PR. p. 86 ; Man. 

(F.) 10896 ; helm & coife Fer. 1605. 
coilon, sb., OJ^r. coilon; testicle-, coildns, 

coillons (pL) Ch. C. t. C952. 



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com. 



oolirie. 



ooiziy sb., 0,Fr. coin, coing ; cot'n, Ch. f. age 20 ; 

coigne Langl. Cii. 46 ; coni, cuni PR. p. 282. 
coin', qvoin,sb.,/>-. coin; ^utnce,yoCA6s, 192. 
ooinen, v., O.Fr. coigner ; coin : coigne be 

monei Gow. II. 83 ; coined (/^/f,) Man. 

(H.) 239. 
oointy adj., O.Fr. coint, Jrom La/, cognitus ; 

mod.Eng. quaint; famous^ well - known \ 

knowings clever, skilful; neat, elegant\ Will. 

653 ; Gaw. 1526; cointe, cwointe A. R. 140; 

of se cointe {v. r. icudd) keiser Kath. 580 ; 

qvoint Map 337 ; a. P. i. 888; be qvointe swike 

Rob. 105 ; qveinte CH. C. T. B 1426. 
oointe-liohe, adv., skilfully , gracefully, RoB. 

25; qveintIicheWiLL.3233; qveinteliR.R.783. 
oointen, v., acquaint; oointed (/r^/.) him 

Will. 4644 ; qvainted him Man. (H.) 225. 
oointise, sb., O.Fr. cointise ; skill; wisdom; 

ornament \ qvointise A. p. iii. 39; RoB. 51; 

cointice, qvemtiseWiLL. 1665, 4220; qveintise 

R. R. 838 ; qvaintise A. p. ii. 1632. 
ooise, sb., = Powelae ; / ulcer (term of abuse for 

a woman) : )»is foule great coise Gow. I. loo. 
ooisi, adj.,?=qva8i, or^*zyi€\s\from oweise; 

f queasy \ codling, cungur, and suche coisi 

fishe M. T. 118. ' 

ooitey sb., quoit, pr. p. 86. 
ooiten, yh.,play at quoits, 'petriludo* pr.p.86. 
ooiter, sb., quoit-player, \petHludusi PR. p. 

86. 

00k, see 000. cok, see 060. 
[ookf coke P] 
ook-beUe, sb., small bell, 'nola,* PR. p. 86 ; 

cokebelle Trev. I. 219. 
[ooke, sb., OJ^r. coque ; cf, oogge.] 
cok-boot, sb., cockboat, Lidg. M. p. 152; 

cogboote ^scafa* PR. p. 86. 
cokel [cokkel], sb., O.E. cocel, coccel ; cf. Jr. 

cogal ; cockle (weed), Ch. C. t. ^ 1183 ; kokil 

[* zizania '] WiCL. Mat. xiii. 25 ; rel. II. 80 ; 

cockel I. 36 ; cokkil Lidg. m. p. 149. 
ooken, v., from 060 ; cf M.Du, koken, O.H.G. 

cochon, from LcU. coqvere; cook; coked 

(pple.) Langl. Cxvi. 60. 
ookeneiy sb., modEng. cockney; f ken^s egg 

(see Murray in academy 10 May 1890) ; 

spoiled child, milksop, simpleton, PR. p. 86 ; 

cokenai Ch. C. t. A 4208 ; ne no kokenei . . . 

coloppes for to maken Langl. ^vi. 287. 
ooker, sb., O.E. cocor,=a/^w.koker, O.H.G. 

chochar; quiver for af rows ; kind of half boot 

or gaiter; enne koker LA5. 6470 ; cocur,cokir 
cothurnus * PR. p. 84 ; ookeres (pi.) Langl. 

B vi. 62. 

Ookerel» sb., cockerel; kokerel PR. P. 281. 

ookerie, sb ,=M.Du. kokerie ; cookery, Gow. 

II. 83. 
ookenn, v., keep warm, pr. p. 85. 
cokeringe, sb., warming, 'fotio,* PR. p. 85 ; 

O. & N. 504. 



coket, sb., sort of fine bread, Langl. Cix. 326. 

ookewold, see cukeweald. 

c61, sb., O.E. col, cf O.N. kol n., O.H.G. / 
chol n., cholo m.; coal; col AYENB. 205 ; Will / 
2520 ; dude J)er inne muchel col La^. 2366; col I 
groweJ> under lond Trev. I. 399 ; col [cole] ( 
Ch. cf. T. A 2692 ; cole Horn (L.) 590 ; s. s. I 
(Wr.) 2170; PR. c. 6762; a qvic cole Bev.j 
1548; as blak as cole p. L. S. ii. 42; c^j 
(dat.) HOM. I. 27 ; La5. 17701 ; coles (pL)\ 
Mand. ioi; c61en (dot. pi.) hom. L 251 J 
brennen to colen gen. & ex. 2653 ; comp. 
ohar-eole. 
o61-bl«ky adj., coal-black, o. & N. 75 ; Ch. 

C T. A 21^2. 

o61-fox, sb.,=(7tfr. kohlfuchs, Du. koolvos; 
brant'fox, Ch. C. t. B 4405. 
o61-mdse9 sb., O.E. colmase,=6^^. kol- 
meise ; titlark, PR. p. 88. 
o6l-put,sb., O.E. colpytt; coal-pit, misc. 183. 
c6l-rake, sb., coal-rake, voc. 276 ; PR. P. 88. 
ool, oolley ?adj. or pr.n. ; f cunning; f nick- 
name given to rogues : colle tregetour Ch. 
H. F. 1277. 
col, sb., O.E. Qb\,=M.Du.\io^, O.H.G. chuol ; 
from c&len ; cool, Mand. 305 ; cool Misc 
149 ; his red was to coul Shor. 105 ; jat 
cole red Rob. 131. 
00I9 see QB.V1. 

ooloase, sb., Lat, colocasia ; Egyptian bean, 
Pall. iv. 25. 

o61d, odlden, see eiXd^ o^den. 

Qdlder^ sh., prov.Eng. colder (chaff); ? rub- 
bish ; coolder, coldir, ^petroscL, petro,* PR. P. 
86. 

colBy sb., coolness : in hete or cole S. & C II. 

XXX. 

ooler, sb., O.Fr. coler; collar, Rob. 223; 

Langl. ^prol. 169; coller pr. p. 87. 
oolere, sb., O.Fr. colere; choler, WiCL. 

ecclus. xxxi. 23 ; coler Gow. III. 99. 
colored, pple., having a collar, Ch. C. t. 

A 2152. 
coleriky adj., choleric, Ch. C. t. A 587 ; colrik 

AYENB. 157. 
colfre, see ctdfre. 
coUaundre, see ooriandre. 
colieny v., O.E. colian, = O.L.G. colon ; cf. 

k§len; cool, become or make cool; colm 

^frig^f<^io' PR. p. 87; colen Gam. 540; 

colen her carez Gaw. 1254; cdlede (pret.) 

Jul. 70; ooolid (pple.) pr. p. 2^t; comp. 

a-y for-odlien. 
coUere, sb., cf M.H.G. kolaere; from 06I; 

collier, cocU-dealer; oolieres (pl^ OCTOV. 

(W.) 495 ; kolieres Will. 2523. 
colike, sb., Fr. colique ; colic, PR. p. %j. 
colirie, sb., O.Fr. colire, Lat, collyrium; 

eye-salve, WiCL. apoc. iii. 18. 



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colis. 



commnn.^ 



12^ 



colifl, sb., 0,Fr, coleis ; sort of broth ; kolis 

L.CC20. 

colit, sb.,=aoolit; acolyte^ WiCL. 2 Thess. 
PROL. ; PR. P. ZZ, 

colke, sb., core of Jruity ^interior pars pomi^ 
CATH. ^\ ; appel . . . )>at even in middes has 
acolkePR. c. 6445 ; oolke (dat,) TOWNL. 281. 
ooUmify sb., see oaiQ. 

eoUacionn, sb., Lot, collatio ; discourse; con- 
sideration; comparison^ WiCL. 2 Macc xii. 
43; Ch. C. t. (W.) 8199; collacion Gow. 
1.237; colasioun Ch. Boet. iv. 4 (125); 
eoUaoionB (//.) ayenb. 155. 
coUe, sb., f O.E. (morgen-) colla ; f rage, p. s. 
157. 

CoUecte, sb., med,Lat. collecta; collection; 
colled (short prayer) ; be coUecte of euerich 
tide A. R. 20 ; collect WiCL. 2 paral. vii. 9 ; 
cokct 2 ESD. viii. 18; ooUeotis (pL) or ga- 
dcringis of moneie 1 COR. xvL i. 
ooUen, v., ffor aooUen; embrace \ colle 
Wia. ECCLES. iii. 5 ; koUed (pret,) Will. 69; 
colled Langl. B m. 16. 
ooUinge, sb., embracing \ ooUingis (pL) 
WiCL. GEN. xlvi. 29. 

collen', v., (/: Swed, kuUa (behead)'^ fkill\ 
cole CM. 3135; ^^^oullen. 
oolmi, see oulmi. 

colok, sb., can, drinking vessel, ^ cantharus^ 
voc 257. 

Colq[), sb.. cf CSwed, kollops ; coUop, mince- 
meat', colloppe ^frixatura, carbonacium^ PR. 
P. 88; oolopes [coloppes] (pL) Langl. A vi. 
287. 

color, sb., 0,Fr. colour; colour \ colour, 
Shor. 26 ; Will. 764 ; som colour of rijte 
Rob, 313 ; colur Horn (L.) 16. 
oolorin, v. O.Fr, colorer ; colour^ PR. P. 88 ; 
coloureth (pres.) Gow. III. 139; colourid 
(pple) WiCL. gen. XXX. 32; colored A, P. ii. 456. 
colpon, sb., Fr. coupon; shred\ culpoun PR. P. 
108; oolpona [culpons] (pL) CM. C. T.^ 679; 
culpoDs Iw. 642. 

colt, sb., 0,E, colt ; colt, 'pullus: PR. P. 88 ; 
HOM. I. 3; Jul. 55; Ch. C. t. --43263; 
Lido. m. p. 255 ; ^at colt leb. Jes. 798 ; fet 
colt AYENB. 185 ; i haddeal wei a ooltes (gen.) 
to)> Ch. C. t. Z> 602 ; coltis £6t coifs foot 
tussilago LEECHD. 111. 3 1 9. 

coltiBch, adj., coltish, Ch. C. t. E 1847. 
columbiney sb., Fr, colombine; columbine 

(plant), SPEC 26. 
coliunne,sb., O.Fr, columne ; column, PR. P. 

88. 

colvere, oolvre, see oiiIQre. 
colward, adj., O.Fr, culvert; f perverse, 

A. P. ii. 181 ; cf. culvert, 
colwen, v., blacken with coal\ oolwid (pple:) 

PR. P. 88; (h)i8 kellede snoute Horn (R.) 

1088. 



oolwie, ad},, grimy, Horn (L.) 1094. 
oomandementy sB., O.Fr, co*, commande- 

ment ; commandment, Cff. C. T. D6y ; com- 

mandement Misa 33. 

oomandeiiy v., 0,Fr, ce-, commander; com- 
mand -, commaunde Gow. 1. 2; oomatmde 

(pres:) C L. 956. 
oomxnaunding, sb., commandment, Gow. 

1.3. 
oomandotir, sb., O.Fr, comandeor, comaa^ 

dour ; commander^ PR. P. SS. 
oomb, see oamb. 
oombranoe, sb., trouble, annoyance, d. Troy 

9169 ; combraunce A, P. ii. 3 ; dep. R. iiit 

113 ; cumbraunce D. Troy 12076. 
oombren, ▼., 0,Fr, combrer,y>^w Lat. cumu*- 

lus; encumber, annoy \ to combren J)e chirche; 

PL. CR. 461 ; hit oombrer (pres.) uchone 

A. p. ii. 1023 ; ciunbred (pple^ entangled 

TRANS. XVllI. 28; cumBerecl Em. 483; )>at 

cumbered was wij) parlesi M. H. 129; com- 

bred Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (94) ; a. p. ii. 901. 
comburment, sb., cf, O.Fr, encombrement;: 

encumbrance, perplexity, Alis. 471, 7764, 
oombUBty adj., Lat, combustus ; burnt f/^ 

(said of planets near the sunij, Ca. Tro. iu. 

686 ; ASTR. ii, 4(31). 
oomOy see cume. oomdl* see cumel. 
oomen, see cumen. 
oomende, v., Lat, commendam; c0mmend, 

Langl, Cxv. 3^. 
oometey sb., Fr, coraetc ; Led, cometa ; cofnet, 

LA9. 1 7871; Rob. 416. 
comin, see oumin. 
oominalt see oomonalte; 
oomloiiy see omnlen. 
oommediy sb., 0,Fr, comedie, Gr, K^y^hla ; 

comedy, Trev; I. 315. 
oommencement, sb., 0,Fr, commencement y 

commencement. Misc. 30. 
oommendaoion, sb., commendation, Gow. 

III. 145. 
oommissariey sb., commissary, Langl. A ii. 

154. 
commixen, v., mix together. Pall. ii. 21, 

iii. 3- 
oommixtiotin, sb., Lat, commixtio, O.Fr: 

commistion; mixing together, Trev. II. 159. 
commodiouSy adj., convenient. Pall. ii. 22. 
commoeveiiy v., 0,Fr, commovoir; excite^ 

move ; comm6ve)> (pres.) Ch. Tro. v. 1797 ; 

oommoevede (pret.) Ch. Boet. iii 12 (107) ; 

comm6ved (pple.) Gow. III. 203. 
commoe^ingey sb., excitement, Ch. Boet. 

iv (12). 
commun, adj., <9./r.comun; c&mmon, ayenb* 

37; comun P. L. S» xvii. 404; commum 

[comoun] a M. 7176. 
|. oomfUi-iiobe, adv., cemm&nly, avenb. 14^ 



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130 



communi. 



oonoSlement. 



communi, v., O.Fr, communier; commune^ 
AYENB. 102; comune [comine] WiCL. PS. 
cxl. 4. 

comuner, ^.^ partaker; dtizeny^lCL. i Pet. 
V. i; TowiJl. 210; cominers, members of 
town councily E. G. 380. 
comuninge, sb., participation ; public meet- 
ing'^ comeninge WiCL. i CoR. x. 16 ; E. G. 380. 

oommunion, sb., 0,Fr, communion; (holy) 
communion^ PR. P. 89. 

comonalte, sb., O.Fr, communalt^; com- 
monalty, Mand. (H.) 54; cominake WiCL. 
PROV. xxix. 2*. 

oomp, see camp. 

compaoient, adj., compassionate^io^., \ Pet. 
iii. 8. 

compaignable, adj., 0,Fr, • compaignable ; 
sociable ; \v, r. companable, com-, cumpani- 
able] Ch. C. T. ^ 1 194 ; Gener. 2260 ; PR. P. 
109. 

oompaignie, sb., O.Fr, com-, cumpaignie; 
company, Man. (F.) 3131 ; cumpaignie P. L. S. 
xiii. 185; companie MISC 138; cumpanie 
Will. 1124. 

oompainoun, sb., 0,Fr, compaignon; com- 
panion, Rob. 252. 

companage, sb., O.Fr, companage; any- 
thing eaten with bread, P. s. 240 ; WiCL. S. w. 
I. 19. 

comparer, sb., f checking-clerk, ayenb. 243. 

comparison, sb., 0,Fr, compareson; com- 
parison, Ch. C. t. B 846 ; comparisoun Boet. 
ii. 7 (58) ; ayenb. 81. 

oomparisoiinen, v., compare, WiCL. Mk. iv. 
30; comparisunes ipres,) A. P. ii. 161 ; 
oomparisoun (imper.) we ]^ comparemusA 
WiCL. I Macc. X. 71 ; oomparisound (pret^ 
Ch. Boet. ii. 7 (58). 

compas, sb., 0,Fr. compas ; compass ; cum- 
pas c. L. 739 ; compas [cumpas] Ch. C. t. A 
1889; c. M. 8797. 

compassement, sb., contrivance, stratagem, 
Man (H.) 255 ; compacement Will. 1981. 

compassen, v., O.Fr. compasser; compass, 
Langl. Cxxii. 241 ; cumpassede {pret,) 
leg. 12. 

oompassinge, sb., boundary, R. R. 1349; 
contrivance Ch. H. F. 1 188 ; Ch. C. t. A 199(5. 

compassion, sb., 0,Fr. compassion; com- 
passion, AYENB. 148 ; Ch. C. t. yi iiio. 

oompellen, v., O.Fr, compeller; compel', 
compellede (pret,) Trev. IV. 95. 

oompensen, \,,Lat, compensare ; compensate, 
requite', oompensed (pple,) Gow. I. 365. 

comper, sb., O.Fr, compair; compeer, *com- 
par,* PR. P. 89 ; Ch. C. t. A 670 ; eompgrs 
(pi.) Will. 370; cumpers Misc. 212. 

oompilatonr, sb., Fr. compilateur ; compiler, 
Ch. astr. prol. (2). 



oompilen, v., 0,Fr, compiler; compile-, com- 
piled (pple.) Gow. III. 48. 

compilonr, sb., compiler, Man. (H.) 6. 

oomplainte, sb., O.Fr, complainte; com- 
plaint, PR. P. 89 ; compleinte Gow. I. in. 

compleine, v., O.Fr, complaindre ; complain, 
Ch. C. 1.A 908 ; oompleig^ende (pple,) Gow. 
1.88. 

compleininge, sb., act of weeing a com- 
plaint, Gow. I. 327. 

eomplet, adj.. Lot, completus; complete, 
WiCL. s. w. I. 323. 

complexionn, sb., O.Fr, complexion ; consti- 
tution of body, temperament, AYENB. 157; 
complexions (pL) Gow. III. 97. 

oompli, sb., 0,Fr, complie ; complin Bek. 
2078; cumplie A. R. 24, 428; cumpelie 22. 

OompHe, v., 0,Fr, complir; accomplish, Shor. 
100 ; see compUssen. 

compUn, sb., last service of the day in monas- 
tic establishments, Ch. C. T. 7386 ; cumpline 
* completorium * PR. P. 109. 

complissen, v., accomplish, Ch. Boet. iv. 
4 (124) ; Mer. I. ii. 61 ; see compile. 

composition, sb., O.Fr, composicioun ; Gow. 

I. 31. 

compoune, v., Lat, componere ; compose, put 
together, Ch. Boet. iii. 9 (87). 

oomprehende, v., Z<i/.comprehendere ; com- 
prehend, Ch. C. t. E 223 ; PR. a 7463. 

oompte, sb., 0,Fr, compte ; counting, R. R. 
5028. 

compten, v., 0,Fr, compter; count, Gow. 
111.31,44. 

eomptmccion, sb., 0,Fr, compunction ; com- 
punction, WiCL. PS. iv. 5. 

compnnct, adj., Lat, compunctus; having 
compunction, WiCL. deeds ii. 37. 

comsen, v., 0,Fr, co-, cumencer ; commence ; 
comse Will. 2244; comseth [cumse])] (Pres) 
Langl. A\, 128 ; cumse^ Jul. 2. 
oomsinge, sb., beginning, Will. 4868. 

oomune, sb., Fr, commune ; community, 
people, Langl. ^ prol. 115; ^commons', 
food, Rob. 528. 

oomunete, sb., 0,Fr, communite; com- 
munity, dep. R. iv. 41. 

oomunliohe, see under commun. 

con, see can. conabill, see covenable. 

conand, see convenant. 

conceit, sb., notion, conception, ^ conceptus^ 
PR. P. 89 ; J>e word was liche to be conceipte 
Gow. I. 7 ; conseites (pL) Ch. Tro. iii. 755. 

conceitate, sb., conception, Townl. 75. 

conceive, v., 0,Fr, congoivre ; conceive, LEG. 
83 ; conceive]? (pres,) ayenb. 136. 
conceivinge, consdwinge, sb., conception, 
PR. P. 89 ; WiCL. gen. iii. 16. 

ooncelement, sb., concealment,^ Aif.(ll.)2g7, 



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concelen» 



ooDjecte. 



i3» 



oonoelen, v., O.Fr. conceler; conceal \ oon- 
oeled (iifU,) Gow. II. 282. 

concentriky adj., O.Fr, concentrique ; con- 
centric] consentrik Ch. astr. i. 17 (9). 

concepcioun, sb., conception, Shor. i 19. 

conoience, see consoienoe. 

concilie, sb., O.Fr. cuncilie, concile ; council, 
Sax. chr. 254. 

conclave, sb., LcU., O.Fr. conclave ; conclave, 
Gow. I. 254. 

conduden, v., conclude, Ch. C. t. A 1358. 

conclusion, sb., O.Fr. conclusion; conclusion, 
Gow. I. 23. 

concordabley adj., Lat. concordabilis; agree- 
ing, Gow. I. 253, 361, III. 204. 

concordaunce, sb., O.Fr. concordance; 
agreement, LiDG. M. P. 48. 

concorden, v., make to agree, Ch. Tro. 
Hi. 1702. 

concubine, sb., O.Fr. concubine ; concubine, 
Rob. 27 ; Ch. C. t. A 650. 

concnpiscence, sb., O.Fr. concupiscence; 
carnal desire, Gow. III. 267, 285. 

concurbite, sb., Lat. cucurbita ; /task used in 
distilling; concurbites (pL), Ch. C. t. G 794. 

oondesoenden, v., O.Fr. condescendre; con- 
descend, Ch. C. T. E 407; condecendre ayenb. 
157. 

condicion, sb., O.Fr. condicion; condition, 
AYENB. 173 ; condicioun Ch. C. t. A 38. 

condite, v., from conduit ; conduct, Merl. 
1. ii. 50, fii. 577 ; condited (pret.) I. ii. 144. 

conditour, sb., conductor, Merl. III. 549. 

(^nduen, v., OJ^r. con^yxxie,, from Lat. con- 
duccre; conduct-, coundue Gaw. 1991 ; con- 
due)) (/r^x.) AYENB. 122; condie (subj.) Man. 
(H.)i82. ^ 

conduit, sb., O.Fr. conduit ; conduit, conduct, 
Trev. IV. 365; condut Rob. 212; ayenb. 
202; cundut O. & N. 483 ; saf conduit safe- 
cmiuctQovf, II. 160; condwlB ipl.) channels, 
AVENB. 91 ; condites Mand. 217 ; coundutes 
(carols) of krist masse Gaw. 1654. 

conestable, sb., O.Fr. conestable ; constable, 
Hav. 2286 ; cunestablc HOM. I. 247 ; con- 
stable Rob. 538. 

conestablesse, sb., constable's wife, Ch. G. t. 
^539. 

confeccioun, sb., OFr. confeccion; pre- 
paration, Trev. I. 221. 

confederacie, sb., Lot. confoederatio ; con- 
federacy, Ch. Boet. ii. 6 (53). 

confonnen, v., O.Fr. confermer; confirm, 
L- H. r. 27 ; confermi Bek. 481 ; ayenb. 
121. 

ooi^rminge, sb., confirmation, RoB. 277; 
Shor. 13. 

confessen, v., O.Fr. confesssr ; confess-, 
oonfewe {pres.) Gow. I. 107. 

K 



confessioun, sb., O.Fr. confession ; con- 
fession, Mand. 119. 
confessour, sb., confessor, p. l. s. xii. i ; 

AYENB. 172; oonfessours (pi.) ayenb. 267^, 

confessdren (dat.pl.) hom. I. 239. 
oonfirmaoion, sb., O.Fr. confirmacion ; con- 
firmation, Gow. I. 258 ; Man. (H.) 209. 
eonflrmement, sb., O.Fr. confirmement; 

confirmation, SHOR. 15. 
conflt, sb., O.Fr. confit ; preserve : dates in 

confite a B. 167. 
oonfonde, v., O.Fr. confundre, -fbndre ; con- 
found, Marg. 173; confundi Shor. 112. 
conforme, v., O.Fr. conformer; conform^ 

Gow. II. 106. 
confort, sb., O.Fr. con-, cunfort; comfort^ . 

H. M. 27 ; Will. 1408 ; cunfort hom. I. 185 ; 

kunfort [cumfort] A. R. 236 (v. r. eine). 
oopfort-ldB, adj., comfortless; comforteles, 

coumfortles Gener. 987, 307,5. 
confortableiy adj., helpful, comforting, Gener. 

2212 ; comfortabill Hamp. tr. 2. 
confopten, v., O.Fr. conforter; strengthen, 

comfort, Langl. B\. 201; conforti P. L. S, 

XV. 116; oonforted (pple.) Will. 380. 
oonfus, adj., O.Fr. confus ; confused, Langl. 

^x. 136; confous Greg. 644. 
confusion, sb., O.Fr. confusion; confusion, 

AYENB. 229 ; confusign [confusiouq] Ch. C. t. 

6^23. 
oongeien, v., O.Fr. congiejr (copgddier) ; bid 
farewell to, dismiss, Ch. TjlQ. v. 478 ; congeie 

Langl. A iii. 167 ; congeide (pret.) Gow. 

II. 23a 
congelatidn, sb., O.Fr. congelation; conge- 
lation (in alchemy), Gow. II. 86. 
cong^len, v., O.Fr. congeler; congeal-, con- 

g61ed (pple.) Gow. III. 86. 
congen, v.,=congeien, Man. (H.) 323. 
conger, sb., O.Fr. congre; conger; cunger 

voc 97 ; kunger p. l. s. xxxiv. 2. 
eongie, sb., O.Fr. congid (congd) ; farewell ;. 

congeie Langl. ^xiiL 202. 
congraffen, v., cf O.Fr. graffe ; write down ; 

congraflFet (pple.) c. L. 1055. 
oongruite, sb., O.Fr. congruit^; concord t. 

Gow, U. 90, IIJ. 136. 
coning, sb., O.Fr. connin; cony, rabbit, 

'cuniculus,* voc, 177 ; Will. 182 ; ne koning 

ne hermine misc. 70; coning [coni] WiCL. 

LEV. xi. 5; cunig p. L. s. viii. 182; conig. 

MlN. viii. 75; cunin HOM. IL 231 ; ooninges 

(pi.) Langl. B prol. 193 ; conies Ch. p. f. 

193. 
coningere, sb., rabbit burrow, warren ; con- 

ningere * cunicularium^ PR. p. 90; coningeris 

(pi.) LiDG. M. P. 174. 
eonjecte, v., Lat. conjectare ; conjecture, 

guess, WiCL. Ez. xxi. 19; eonjecte (pres) 

Ch. Boet. i. 6 (27). 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



13^ 



coDjeote. 



contemplacidn. 



oox^eotere, sb., divinery WiCL. xxiii. 7. 
oonjectinge, sb., diinnation : he shal take 

conjectinge or suspicioun WiCL. Ez. xxi. 19. 
conjoignen, v., 0,Fr, conjoindre, mod.Eng, 

conjoin ; join together ; ooi^oignen (pres. 

subj,) Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (92). 
ooDJointy pple., joined together, Gow. III. 

loi, 127. 
oopjolninge [ooDJolgninge], sb., conjoin- 

ingy Ch. C. t. ^^95. 
conjoiiy congeoiiy sb., dwarfs pr. p. 90; 

conjoun ayenb; 76; conjoun {printed 

coinoun) Alis. 17 18; congioun dep. R. iii. 45. 
conjimooion, sb., conjunction (in astronomy), 

Ch. astr. ii. 32 (41) ; Gow. III. 67. 
oonjurey sb., conjuration, magic, Gow. II. 

247. 
coDJure, v., 0,Fr, conjurer; conjure, Ch. 

C. T. ^ 1834 ; obnjarede (pret,) Bek. 2313. 
OODJuresdily sb., O.P'r, conjureison ; con- 

spiracy ; enchantment, Fl. & Bl. 312; con- 

juracioun Ch. Boet. i. 4 (18). 
connen, see ounnen. 
oonqu^re, v., 0,Fr, conqverre; conquer, Fer. 

537; Man. (F.) 3127; cunoweori {pres.) 

h. m. 33. 
conquerotir, sb., 0,Fr, conqvereur; con- 
queror, p. s. 250; Ch. C. t. a 862. 
oonquestey sb., 0,Fr, conqveste ; conquest, 

Shor. 148 ; Man. (F.) 4599. 
oonquesten, v., OFr. conquester; conquer; 

conquest (Ppie.) A. P. ii. 1304. 
conraiy sb., O.Fr, conroi; provision, c. M. 

11513 ; conrei {troop) Man. (H.) 304. 
consoienoey sb., O.Fr. conscience; con- 
science, A» r. 306 ; concience {consciousness) 

Gaw. 1 1 94. 
oonseily sb., 0,Fr, con-, cunseil ; counsel, La^. 

2324*; MISC. 26; Rob. 48; HoccL. i. 76; 

consail Bek. 881 ; cunsail L. N. F. 217 ; coun- 

sail A» R. 70 ; PR. c. 5943. 
oonseilere, sb., 0,Fr. conseller; counsellor, 

Man. (H.) 54; l. n. f. 216; kunsiler a. r. 

410; oounseilorB (//.) Gow. II. 223; coun- 

sellers Mer. iii. 37. 
oonBeille, v., O.Fr. conseillier; counsel^ 

Langl. /? ^rol. 115; Ch. C. t. Z>66; 

conseili Rob. 214. 

oonseoracioun, sb., O.Fr, consecration ; con- 
secration, APOL. 48. 
consenoe, sb., 0,Fr, consense, kunsence; 

consent, A. R. 288. 
consentementy sli., O./r. consentement ; 

consent, ayenb. ii, 19. 
Obnaenteziy v., 0,Fr. con-, cunsentir ; consent, 

kunsenten A. R. 272 ; consent Gow. II. 95 ; 

oonsentede {pret.) Bek. 1S71. 
oonsentinge, sh,y consenting, ayesb, 117, 
176. 



consequent, sb., consequence, inference, Ch. 
Boet. iii. 9 (84). 

conserve, sh., preservation, Gow. III. 22, £6. 

oonserven, v., 0,Fr, conserver; keep, Ch. 
Tro. v. 309. 

consideration, sb.. 0,Fr, consideration; con- 
sideration, Gow. III. 178. 

consistorie, sb., 0,Fr, consistorie ; consistory, 
Langl. ^ii. 177 ; constorie A iii. 32. 

consonans, sb., consonant, p. l. s. xxxiv. 3. 

oonspiraoie, sb., conspiracy, Trev. III. 33; 
Ch. C. t. C 149. 

oonspiraciotm, sb., 0,Fr, cons|)iracion ; con- 
spiracy, WiCL. 2 PARAL, xxxiii. 24^ oon- 
spiraoions (//.) ayenb. 23. 

conspire, v., OJFr, conspirer ; conspire, Gow. 
I. 232. 

conspirement, sb., conspiracy, Gow. I. 216. 

Constance, sb., 0,Fr. Constance; constancy y 
AYENB. 167. 

constellacion, sb., 0,Fr, constelladon ; con- 
stellation, Ch. C. t. a 1088. 

constitucion, sb., 0,Fr, constitution ; consti- 
tution, Gow. II. 75. 

constorie, see conaiistorie. 

constreinin, v., O.Fr, constraindre ; con- 
strain, PR. P. 91 ; constreinen Mand. 188; 
constrelned {pple,) Ch. Boet. iii. 2 (97). 
constreiner, sb., overseer of workmen \ 
constreiners {pL) WiCL. ex. v. 6. 
oonstreigning-Ii, adv., WiCL. i Pet. v. 2. 

constreinte, sb., constraint, Ch. Tro. iv. 741. 

construccion, sb., 0,Fr, construction; con- 
struction, PR. P. 91. 

constrain, v., Fr, construire ; construe, PR. P. 
91 ; construe Langl. A iv. 133. 

consuetude, sb., LcU, consuetudo; custom, 
WiCL. I kings XX. 25. 

consul, sb., 0,Fr, consul; consul, Trev. I. 

239- 
consumen, v., Fr, consumer; consume', oon- 

sumed {pple^ WiCL. gen. xli. 36. 
consumpt, adj.. Lot, consumptus ; consumed, 

Ch. Boet. (60). 
contac, sb., contest, strife, ayenb. 15 ; contak 

S. s. (Wr.) 1718 ; contek Rob. 90. 
contacki, v., debate, strive, ayenb. 57 ; oon- 

teokede {pret.) P. L. s. xiii. 310. 
conte, sb., 0,Fr, cont^, com tat ; county \ counte 

Langl. B ii. 85 ; countas (pL) Man. (H.) 

133. 
conteini, v., Fr, contenir ; contain, Rob. 547 ; 

contained {pple.) Mand. i. 
oontekour, sb., debater, E. G. 4 ; oontackours 

{pi) Bek. 196. 
contemplacidn, sb., O.Fr, contemp!acion ; 

contemplation, ayenb. 204; contemplaciun 
j A. R. 142. 



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contiamplatif. 



coppe; 



m 



contemplatif, adj., Fr, contemplatif; con- 
templaiive^ AYENB. 247. 

contempt, sb., O.Fr, contempt ; contempt : 
in contempte of regalie Gow. I. 217. 

contenance, sb., 0,Fr, contenance ; counten- 
ance, Rob. 333; Ch. C. t. -5 320; cun- 
tenaunce Will. 1397. 

content, adj.,/>-. content ; content, GENER.368. 

contesse, sb., O.Fr. cuntesse, contesse, 
cuntesse; countess. Sax. chr. 264; contas 
Rob. 159. 

continueley adj., 0»Fr. continuel ; continued, 
PR. c 8947. 

eontinue(l)-lielie, adv., continucUly, P. L. s. 
xvii. 220. 

continence^ sb., 0*Fr, continence; conti' 
nenu, Gow. I. 19. 
continnanoe, sb., continuance, patience, Gow. 

II. 7, 14. 
continuin, v., 0,Fr, continuer ; continue, PR. 

p. 91 ; continue Langl. B xii. 39 ; contune 

APOL. 12; continued {prei,) Trev. I. 73. 
eontourben, v., Lot, conturbare; agitate; 

oontourbed (pple.) Gow. I. 49. 
contrariei adj., 0,Fr. contraire; contrary, 

MISC 30; AYENB. 1 36; contrare (sb,) A. P. ii. 

3; contraire Gow. I. 22. 

oontrari-li, adv., apol. ioi. 
eontrarien, v., 0,Fr, contrarier; contradict, 

Cb. C.T. /'705. 

ContrariouSy adj., cf, Ital, contrarioso ; con- 
trary, PR. p. 91 ; AYENB. 28 ; contrarius MiSC 

228; PR. c 1414. 

oontrait, sb., contract, Shor. 62. 
contre-, see coiintre-. 
oontre, sb., 0,Fr. contree, cuntree ; country, 

Laj. 1282* ; Mand. 244 ; contre [cuntre] Ch. 

C. T. -4 216 ; cuntre Will. 6. 

oontre-man, sb., countryman', oontrai- 

men (pi.) p. l. S. xii. 56. 
oontrevore, sb., c/., 0,Fr, troveure, and oon- 

troven ; contrivance, Man (H.) 334. 
contricidny sb., O.Fr, contriciun ; contrition, 

Langl. B xi. 130. 
contrdyen, v., O.Fr, controver; contrive, 

contreove, contreve Man. (F.) 7146, 8986; 

contreve Langl. Bx, 19 ; oontrdves (pres.) 

PR. c. 1561. 
contnbemial, adj., Lat. contubemalis ; 

halving the same dwelling : humble folk ben 

Cristes frendes; thei ben contubemial \ed, 

Morris contumialli] with the Lord Ch. C. t. 

/760. 

contumeliey sb., O.Fr. contumelie; con- 
tumely, Ch. C. t. 7556. 
conyeiOy v., O.Fr, conveier ; convey; accom- 

pany,\S\u^ 5111; MAN. (F.) 13123. 
convenant, oovenanty sb., 0,Fr, co-, con- 

venant; covenant, ROB. 179, 185 ; covenant, 



covenaunt Shor. 64 ; covenaunt Alts. 2036 ; 

conand Barb. i. 561 ; cunnand iii. 759. 
convenient, adj., Lat. conveniens; con^ 

venient, suitable, Ch. Boet. iii. 1 1 (97). 
conventicid, sb., O.Fr. conventicule ; as* 

sembly,WlCL. PS. xv. 4. 
oonverSy sb., O.Fr. convers; proselyte, con* 

vert, WiCL. I PA^iAL. xxii. 2 ; deeds ii. 11. 
conversaoidny sb., O.Fr, conversation ; con- 
versation, manner of life, ayenb. 96, 241. 
oonversen, v., O.Fr, converser; spend one^s. 

tifne\ conversand (pple.) PR. c. 4197. 
converteny v., O.Fr. convertir; convert, Gow. 

II. 58 ; converte Trev. V. 445. 
convieteny v., convict \ convict (pple,) Ch. 

Boet. i. 4 (19) ; Wicl. i Cor. xiv. 24 ; con- 

victe [convicted] Wicl. Dan. xiii. 61. 
cop, sb., O.E. copp, = O.Fris, kop, O.N. koppr, 

O.H.G. choph ; summit, head, P. s. 70 ; rel* 

I. 144; )>a turres cop LA3. 7781 ; })e cop of 

))e hiile Mand. 17 ; coppe (dat.) Ch. h. f. 

1 166; Parten. 5911; bi ))e coppe he him 

nam Laj. 684*; from })e tures coppe A. F. 

228 ; cojppes (pi) Trev. III. 451 ; )>e coppis 

of J)e hillis Wicl. gen. viii. 5. 
copOy sb.,= 0.Z.(7. copa, O.H.G. chuopha; 

coop\ coop ^ ciphus^ (Kvfpos) voc. 178. 
cdpe, see c&pe. coi>en, see coupen. 
oopen, v., put on the cope, Langl. Cvii. 288 ; 

cppe}> (pres.) B iii. 142 ; oopide (pret. pi.) 

C\\\. 240; coped (adj.) Civ. 38. 
copeneve, see under copnien. 
coper, sb., O.E. copor (leechd. III. id), from 

Lat. cuprum; copper, Trev. I. 261; Ch. 

C. T. G 829. 
coperon, coperun, sb., O.Fr. couperon; 

ornament on the lid of a vessel, * capitellum^ 

PR. P. 91 ; coperounes (pL) A. p. ii. 1461 ; 

coprounes Gaw. 796. 

coperose, sb., Fr, couperose, mod.Eng. cop- 
peras ; sulphate of copper, PR. p. 91. 
copfol, see under cuppe. 
oopi(e), sb., Fr. copie ; copy, Man. (H.) 293 ; 

PR. P. 92 ; (abundance) Trev. I. 301. 
copiin, v., Fr. copier ; copy, PR. P. 92. 
copious, adj., O.Fr, (Prov,) copies ; copious, 

PR. p. 92 ; Trev. I. 399. 
oople, see couple, 
oopmaker, see under cuppe. 
oopnien (? oopnien), v., f await longingly ; 

ich copni ))i cume Marh. 21 ; copniS (pres,) 

Kath. 802 ; copne^ 2378. 
copenere (? copenere), sb., O.E, copenere ; 

lover, Trev. II. 199; copenere [copinere] o. 

& N. 1342; copinere misc. 150; Rob. 335; 

copiner S. S. (Web.) 2225. 
coppCy sb., = M,Du. koppe, L,G, kobbe ; 

spider, MiRC 1937; (f printed loppe) CH. 

ASTR. i. 3 (4) ; comp, atter-coppe. 
cop-web, sb., cobweb, Trev. VII. 343. 



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134 



coppe. 



corrupcion. 



ooppe, see ouppe. 

ooppedy adjv, from oop ; having a crest : 

coppid as a lark Halliw. 269. 
oops, see oosp. 
oorage, sb., O.Fr, corage ; courage^ ayenb. 

164; Man. (F.) 5384. 
oorageus, adj., O.Fr, corageus; coun^geous^ 

Rob. 359. 
coral, sb., <9.Fr. coral; corcU^ spec. 25; Ch. 

C. T. ^4049. 
eorbel, sb., 0,F, corbel, corbeil ; raven ; cor- 

bial A. p.ii. 456; eorbeles {gen) Gaw. 1355. 
corbet, sT)., 0,Fr, corbet ; some architectural 

ornament, f corbel \ oorbetz [corbeltes] (//.) 

Ch. h. f. 1304. 
corbin, sb., Q,Fr, corbin (corbeau) ; raven, 

A. R. 84 ; c. M. 3332 ; corbun [corboun] c. M. 

1892. 

corde, O.Fr corde ; cord^ p. L. S. xviii. 165 ; 

AYENB. 58 ; Ch. C. t. A 1746 ; binde him . . . 

wij) strong t)orden (//.) p. l. s. xx. 68. 
cordon, v., accord, agree, Ch. C. T. (W.) 

17142; [accorde, acorde i¥2o8]. 
oordiouste, sb., courageousness, WiCL. PS. 

liv. 9. 

oorduaner, sb., O.Fr, cordouanier; cord- 

wainer, shoemaker, PR. p. 92. 
cordwane, sb., OJ^r cordouan ; cordovan 

leather, PR. p. 92. 
c6r©, sb., 0,Fr coer ; core {of fruit) ; * arula^ 

PR. p. 93 ; LiDG. M. p. 43 ; SACR. 757 ; kore 

. REL. II. 79. 

oorf^u, sb., O.Fr. covrefeu, cuevrefu ; curfew, 
Ch. C. t. a 3645 ; corfu s. s. (Web.) 1429. 

ooriandre, ooUaimdre, sb., O.Fr. cori- 
andre ; coriander, WiCL. exod. xvi. 31. 

[oorien, \., = O.M.G. coron, choron, M.Du. 
coren ; taste ; comp. a-corien.] 

coriour, [curiour], sb., O.Fr. conreeur ; cur- 
rier, WiCL. DEEDS ix- 43 ; coriowre PR. P. 93. 

coriun, sb., a musical instrument, LA5. 7002. 

cork, sh.,= M.Du. kork; cork, ^ suberies, cor- 
tex,* PR. p. 93. 

cork-bark, sb., * cortex,' pr. p. 93. 
cork-tr§, sb., ' suberies^ pr. p. 93. 
M CorkoB, sb. pi., \? misreading for toskes]; 
^ f tusks', grassed as a mereswine ^nj> corkes 
. ' fulle huge D. Arth. 1090. 

corleu, sb., Fr. corlieu; curlew, Langl. B 

xiv. 43 ; curlew WiCL. PS. civ. 40. 
cormoraunt, sb., Fr. cormoran ; cormorant, 

WiCL. LEV. xi. 18. 
oom, sb., O.E. cam, = O.L.G. com, O.Fris., 
O.N. kom, O.H.G. chom, Goth, kaum ; com, 
grain, Orm. 1500 ; O. & N. 1 126 ; Shor. 32 ; 
Hav. 699 ; p. s. 342 ; a com Jul. 79 ; {>et com 
me det^ in to gemer hom. 1. 85 ; heo freten J>et 
com and ))at graes LA5. 3905 ; J)et com ayenb. 
140; kora, koren Hay. 1167, 1879; coren 



gen. & EX. 2134, 2237 ; come (//.) Ch. 

H. F. 698 ; comes PR. c. 3420 ; comp. barli-, 

hwete-oom. 
com-er, sb., ear of com ; com ores (pi) 

Trey. II. 305. 

oorn-lond, ^h., corn-land, Trey. II. 43. 
com-stak, sb., stack of com ; oomBtakkes 

{pi.) Man. (F.) 14690. 
corn, %h.,p.E. com (leechd. III. 62), fOFr. 

com ; corn {on the foot), PR. p. 93. 
oomardie, sb., O.Fr. comardie; deception, 

AYENB. 130. 
comemuse, sb., Fr. comemuse; bagpipe, 

Ch. h. f. 1218; Gow. III. 358 ; r. r. 4350; 

cormuse PR. p. 93. 
comer, sb., O.Fr. cornier; comer, Mand. 

217; comieres {pi.) ayenb. 124. 
cornered, adj., cornered, having comers, 

Trey. 1. 179, 305. 
oomet, sb., O.Fr. comet ; from oom ; comet 

{wind instrument), OCTOY. (W.) 1069, 1189. 
comi, sb., comy, Ch. C. t. C315. 
comiculere, sb., Lat. comicularius {a Roman 

official) ; Ch. C. T. 6^369. 
Comwaile, pr. n., €or?twall. Las. 2246; 

Hay. 178. 
oorolarie, sb., Fr, corollaire, Ifal. corollario ; 

corollary, Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (91). 
coronaoion, sb., coronation, pr. p. 93. 
coronal, sb., Jrom Lat. coronalis {adj.)\ 

diadem, WiCL. JUD. xvi. 10; coronall 

Gow. 11.46; curonalle ANT. Ar. xlix ; corou- 

nal point of a lance Rich. 6218 ; comall B. 

DISC 929, 1603; ooronalea {pL) Mand. 209. 
corone, see orune. 
coroner, sb., coroner ; coroners {pi) E. G» 

350. 
coroBif, adj. & sb., corrosive, Ch. C. t. G 853 ; 

oorsies {pi.) a. p. ii. 1034. 
corour, sb., C7J^r. coreor ; courier, WiCL. Job 

ix. 25. 

corporal, sb., Fr, corporal ; corporal {altar- 
cloth) ; corporeals {pi.) hom. II. 163. 

corps, see cors. 

correocion, sb., correction, pr. c. 9594. 

correcte, y.^from Lat. correctus (pple.) ; cor- 
rect, PR. c. 9595 ; corette dep. R. prol. 59; 
oorretted {pple.) Ch. C. /?66. 

correpcioun, sb., Lat. correptio; rebuke, 
Wicl. 2 Pet. ii. 16. 

corrin, sb., Lat. corona; f tonsure; je holi 
monkes wij) jur corrin rel. II. 175. 

corrumpe, v., O.Fr. corrumpre (corrompre) ; 
destroy, defile, become corrupt, WiCL. Hos. ii. 
12; Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (96); oorompen {pres.) 
Ch. Boet. iii. 11 (98) ; corrumped {pple.) 
PR. c. 2558. 

corrupci6n,sb.,0./^r.cormption; corruption, 
ayenb. 227 ; corrupcioun Trey. V. 155. 



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corrupts 

oormpty adj., Lot. corruptus ; corrupt, Gow. 

I. 34 ; corupt ayenb. 82. 
' co(r)rupten, v., corrupt, WiCL. 2 CoR. iv. 16. 
I corSy sb., OJ*'r, cors; body; corpse \ Alis. 2195 ; 

Gaw. 1237 ; WiCL. GEN. xxiii. 3 ; ))et cors 

MISC. 28 ; ded cors Man. (F.) 4492 ; corps 

[cors] Langl. ^xv. 23 ; Ch. C. t. -^519; 

corps Shor. Z^ ; cors (pi.) Rob. 154. 
oorSy see ours and oours. 
corsainty sb., Fr. corps saint; a holy body, 

relic of a scanty Langl. Cviii. 177 ; B\, 539 ; 

DREAM 941 ; E. G. 97 ; D. Arth. 1 164. 
corser, sb., horse dealer^ OCTOV. (W.) 818; 

coresur E. T. 977 ; cosir * mango^ voc. 

(W.^W.) 684. 
oorseriey sb., (horsedealing), cheating trade, 

WiCL. s. w. III. 283 ; coseri D. Arth. 1582. 
oarsete, sb., O.Fr. corset; under-garment, 

^ventrcUe, VOC. 259 ; corsette Trev. II. 361. 
oorsieBy see corosifl 

corsing, sb., dishonest tradings M. H. 139. 
oort, oorteiSy see ourty ourteis. 
oortiii, sb., O.Fr, cortine; curtain, Gaw. i 185 ; 

curtin Ch. Tro. iii. 10 ; curtine Ch. C. t. D 

1249 ; oortines (//.) Will. 2055. 
cortinedU adj., curtained^ Gaw. 1181; Alis. 

1027. 

commpable, adj., corruptible, Ch. C. t. A 
3010. 

corune, see orQne. 

corvee, sb., Fr, corv^ ; forced labour \ 

oorvees {printed tomees) (//.) ayenb. 38. 
corvesers, oorviserB, sb. pi., OJF'r. corvoi- 

sier; shoemakers, E. G. 371, 384. 
COB, sb., 0,E. coss,=(9.AC koss, O.Fris, kos, 

0,L,G. cos, cus, OM,G, chus, cus ; kiss, WiCL. 

GEN. xxviL 26 ; AUD. 60 ; |)es cos A. R. 102 ; 

cos of pes Jul. 74 ; cos of pees Trev. V. 

215; cus PR. p. in ; h. v. 12 ; kus HoccL. 

i. 155 ; cosse (dot,) Misc 42 ; rel. I. 29 ; 

00M68 (pL) A. R. 102 ; kosses Will, ioi i ; 

oosieii (dot, pi.) hxy 30452. 
cosehe, sb., hut, * tugurium,* PR. p. 94. 
C0tt[n, OJ^r. cosTn ; cousin, Horn (L.) 1444 ; 

Rob. 38 ; Man. (F.) 4753- 
ooflinagey sb., O.Fr. cosinage ; cousinship, 

Ch. C. t. B 1329 ; Mirc 168. 
coone, sb., O.Fr. cosine; female cousin, Rob. 

330; Will. 602. 
[cosp, sb., O.K. cosp, cops ; fetter; comp. 

f5t-, hand-, Bweor-cops.] 
cost, sb., O.E. cost (manner) ^OJ^. kostr, 

O.H.G. chost, Goth, kustus m. (doKififj) ; from 

ehdoaen; choice, quality, manner, Gaw. 546; 

Langl. (Wr.) 1491 ; fer naes cost nan o¥er 

La^. 18166 ; knewen he nogt ¥is dewes cost 

GEN. & EX. 3327 ; nedes oostes necessarily 

Angl. III. 61 ; ARCH. LII. 33 ; }>e king )>at 

kinde was of coste c M. 8179 ; oostes (pi.) 

HOM. I. 29; Shor. 10; M. H. 147; son sum 



costrelle. 



^35 



ic was waxen man ba flash i childes costes 
Orm. 8056; ¥e culver haveS costes gode 
REL. I. 226 ; costus Degr. 364 ; we ne majen 
aire coste halden crist(es) bibode HOM. I. 21 ; 
nawiht heo nusten of heore vare costen [coste] 
LA3. 31914 ; comp. ftup-, or-, un-cost. 

cost, sb., Lat. costus ; a herb, PR. P. 94. 

coflt, sb., O.Fr. coust, cf. M.Du., M.H.G. 
kost ; cost, expense, Rob. 33 ; p. 40; Lidg. m. p. 
208 ; hver lite profit lif and moche cost 
AYENB. 83 ; upe his coust Marg. 281 ; bi 
lives coste Marh. 7 ; at min oune coste Ch. 
C. T. .<4 804 ; ooates (pi.) HoccL. i. 362 ; 
costis [* impensas '] WiCL. 2 PARAL. viii. 16. 
ooBt-fUl, adj., expensive, GEN. & EX. 3878 ; 

OOSt-VOUe (pi.) AYENB. 229. 

oost-lewe, adj., costly, * sumptuosus* PR. P. 
95 ; Trev. IV. 213 ; Ch. C. t. /418. 

costage, sb., O.Fr. costage; expense, Rob. 
391; Ch. C. t. ^^1562. 

costard, sb., costard (apple), ^quirianum,^ 
PR. P. 94. 

coste, sb., O.Fr. coste, Lat. costa ; coc^t, Gow. 
III. 296; Tor. 1419; fei knew(e) ful wel )>e 
cost(e) (re^on) Fer. 1552; costes (pi.) 
Langl. B ii. 85. 

costeien, v., O.Fr. costeer ; coast, go by the 
side of', costes (pres.) Gaw. 1695 ; costei- 
i^ff (ppl^-) R. R. 132 ; costinge Mand. 127. 

costen, v., O.Fr. cousier, from Lat. constare ; 
cf. M.Du., M.H.G. kosten, O.N. kosta ; cost, 
expend: he schal costen J>e ful deore C. L. 
1092 ; oostij> (pres.) LiDG. M. P. 152; coste 
Vimpende^\ WiCL. deeds xxi. 24; coste 
(pret.) Ch. C. t. A 1908 ; and jet wolde i 
swere ^at it coste me moche more Langl. 
B xiii. 383 ; if )k)u have ojt on hur cost (pple.) 
(expended) AV. Arth. xxviii. 

coster, sb., med.Lat. coster ; curtain, tapestry; 
coostre ' subauleum ' PR. P. 94 ; costerdes 
(pi.) SQ. L. DEG. 833. 

costevous, adj., O.Fr. costeous; expensive, 
WiCL. 2 PARAL. XXXV. 24 ; costius D. Troy 
3777 ; costuous * sumptuosus ' PR. P. 95 ; 

AYENB. 228. 

costnien, v., O.E. costnian ; try, tempt : bute 

he icostned (Pple.) weoren (r. weore) )>ric 

inne compe Laj. 24669. 
oostniuige, sb., O.E. costnung; temptation, • 

Mk. iv. 17 ; ne led us noht in to costnimgaw 

(pi.) HOM. I. 67. 
costnien, v., = costen; cost, expend; costne)> 

(pres.) AYENB. 75 ; costnede (pret.) A. R. 

290 ; AYENB. 145 ; hii costnede ROB. 390 ; 

t>u^ it hadde costned (pple) me catel 
ANGL. (Wr.) 406. 

costninge, sb., expense : mid his a^ere 
■ costninge Laj. 22547 ; costnigge ayenb. 

151. 
oostrelle, sb., large bottle, voc 176 ; PR. P. 
95 ; Ch. l. g. w. 2664. 



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t36 



costume. 



coupare. 



x^ostumey sb., OjFr. custume; custom^ cus- 
tome REL. I. 131 (hom. II. 11) ; P. L. s. xvii. 

204 ; kustume Misc. 47 ; custome 29. 
cot, o6te, sb., 0,E, cot «., cote, cf, M,L.G, kote 
/. m,^ hutf OJ^. kot «., M.Du, kot «., kote 
y.y r<?/, cottage^ hut ; cot *<^//tf * FRAG. 4 ; mene 

mei nout wi^ uten swink a lutel kot areren A. R. 

362; se])})e j ... cot hade to kepe P. S. 152 

(A. D. 104) ; cote * casa * voc. 273 ; H AV. 737 ; 

c6te (daL) Ch. C. t. A 2457 ; coten Mat. 

xxi. 13; c6teB(^/.) LANGL.^viii. 16; WiCL. 

wiSD. xi. 2 ; comp, salt-, sohep-, Bwin-c6teu 

cot-lif, sb., 0,E, cotllf (Sax. chr. 136), 0,N. 

kotllfi ; cottage^ dwelling : wo is him ))at uvel 

wif bringe|>to his cotlif rel. 1. 178 (misc. 118). 
cot age, sb., 0,Fr. cotage ; cottage^ voc. 232 ; 

Ch. C. t. ^4012. 
c6te, sb., O Fr. cote, cotte, cf, O.H,G, cozo, 

£Ozzo ; coaty * tunica^ voc 238 ; Gow. 1 1. 47 ; 

(;aw. 152; cote [coote] Ch. C. t. A 103; 

WiCL. GEN. xxxvii. 3. 
oote, coote, sb., Du, koet; coot^ ^mergus, 

voc. 188, 253; ^ mergusy fulica' PR. p. 95; 

\^larum'\ WiCL. lev. xi. 16; a balled cote 

voc. 165. 
odte-armure, sb., cf, O.Fr, cote a armure; 

coat of arms ; a cote armure Ch. h. f. 1326; 

Gaw. 586 ; PR. P. 95 ; Ch. C. t. A 1016 ; 

cote armur Tro. v. 1665. 
coteler, sb., 0,Fr, coutelier ; cutler , PR. P. 96 ; 

Ber. 3296. 
c6ten, v., coat, provide with coats ; o6te]> 

(pres,) Langl. A iii. 138. 
cotidian, adj., 0,Fr, cotidian, from Lat, 

•cotidianus; dcUly, Gow. II. 142; a fever 

cotidiene PR. c 2987 ; cotidien (sb.) quotidian 

fever R. R. 2401. 

cotier, sb., 0,Fr, cotier; cottier', cotierB (//.) 

Langl. Cx. 97. 
cotoiin, sb., O.Fr, coton ; cotton, Mand. 212 ; 

coton, cotun PR. P. 96. 
cot^e, sb., 0,E, co¥u; disease-. co¥e o^'er 

qvalm JHOM. II. 177; co|>e Alex. 2815; 

cothe * syncope * PR. p. 96 ; Townl. 31. 
cou, see otl. 
couard, sb. and adj., OJF^r, cuard, couard ; 

coward, H. H. 138 (140) ; coward (z/.r. kouardj 

Rob. 285 ; Alis. 2108; cueard a. R. 288*. 
couard-li, adv., cowardly, WiCL. S. w. I. 

192 ; Will. 3336 ; a. p. ii. 1629. 
couarden, v., O.Fr, coarder; cow, terrify-, 

cowardi}> {pres,) Alis. 3344. 

couardie, sb., O.Fr, couard ie; cowardice, 

Ch. C. t. a 2730. 
couardiee, sb., 0,Fr. couardise; cowardice, 

Ch. Tro. v. 412. 
COUOhe, sb., O.Fr. couche; couch, bedchamber, 

AYENB.171; Gow. II. 132; entre into fi couche 

[' cubiculum^] WiCL. Mat. vi. 6 ; cowche {den 

of a boar) AV. Arth. xii. 



oouoheor, sb,, jeweller, d. Troy 1597. 

couohin, v., 0,Fr, colder, colchier, couchier; 
lay, lay down; place together; lie doom; 
^collocoi PR. P. 96; couchid {pple) Misc 
217 ; kouchid Will. 2240. 

coufel, see cuvel. 

oough, sb., ^ M,Du, kuch; cough, ^tussis] 
PR. P. 97; Pall. viii. 123; couj [kcujhe] 
Trev. IV. 287 ; coughe [coghe] Ch. C. t. 
E 1957. 

coughen [coghen], v., = M.Du, kuchen, 
M.H,G, kuchen; cough, Ch. C. t. £2208; 
coughen, couhin * tussio ' PR. P. 97 ; oouwe 
{pres,) REL. II. 211; coghi^ Flor. 248; 
koghe {imper,) M IRC 891 ; couhede [coughed] 
{pret.) Langl. A v. 205 ; coughed, kouhed 
Trev. II. 195. 

coul, sh.,fM.H.G, kobel ; fccUtle-pen, ^sagin- 
arium,' PR. P. 97 ; see cuveL 

coulte, see qvilte. coume, see cumle. 

counte, sb., 0,Fr, conte, cunte; account, 
Man. (H.) 136. 

oountesse, see oontesse. 

countm, v., 0,Fr, cunter ; count, * compute^ 
PR. P. 98 ; ooimte}> {pres.) Langl. A iii. 137 ; 
countes A. P. ii. 1685 ; counted {pple.) a. p. 
ii. 1730. 

countour [counter], sb.,/V.comptoir; count- 
ing-house, Ch. C. t. B 1403. 

countour % sb., 0,Fr, conteor; calculator-^ 
cowntere, counter * computator* PR. P. 98, 99 ; 
countour {treasurer) Rob. 538. 

countour % sb., counter', gold and silver and 
oountours (//.) Kich. 1939. 

countref6te,sb.,//y(/7a//V7n, counterfeit, Manp. 
218; countirfete Uonformale' PR. p. 99. 

countref(6ten, v., counterfeit', contrefeten Ch. 
BoET. V. 6 (173). 

oountrepeis, sb., counterpoise', coundrpeis, 
counterpois PR. p. 99. 

countrepeise, v., 0,Fr, contrepeser; counter- 
poise, Ch. Tro. iii. 1357 ; counterpese Gow. 
ill. 135; oounterpeiaed {pple.) Gow. III. 
190. 

countrepl^ten, v,, plead against', countre- 
pUted {pple.) Ch. l. g. w. 475. 

countrevailen, v., 0,Fr, contrevaloir ; pre- 
vail against -, contrevaile Gow. I. 28; coun- 
treva^eth {pres,) 270. 

oountre-, counterwaiten, v., be on onis 
guard against, Ch. C. t. B 2509. 

countrin, v.,=:enoontren: harmonise; en- 
counter-, cowntrin in songe ^occento* PR. P. 
99 ; i viille countur {encounter, combat) wij> Je 
kni3te ant. Arth. 36 ; oountred {pret), wij> 
be erle of Kent bei countred at Medeweie 
Man. (H.) 38. 

coupable, adj., O.Fr, coupable; culpable, 
Langl. B xvii. 300. 

coupare, sb , cooper, * cuparius^ PR. p. 99. 



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coupe* 



oradeL 



137 



ooape, sb., OJ^r, cupe, coupe ; cup^ drinking 
vessel^ ^crater^ PR. P. 99; ROB. 118; mid 
gildene coupe (first text bolle) La^. 24613* ; 
a coupe wi)> win sche hadde in hande Man. 
(F.) 7563 ; coupes (pi) ayenb. 35 ; coupes 
of dene golde Langl. A iii. 22. 
coupe, sb., 0,Fr, colpe, from Lot. culpa; 
faulty siHf guilty Langl. B v. 305. 
coui>ey sb.,?=oupe; coop for poultry^ rel. 
1.4. 
Ooui>eil, v., fFr, couper ; slasky slit ; coupes 
(pres,) D. Arth. 798 ; couped (pple.) shon 
Tor. 193 ; galoches icouped Langl. B xviii. 
14. 
0oui>eil, v., 0,N, kaupa ; see cheapien ; buy ; 
coupe Hav. 1800 ; copen Lidg. m. p. 105. 
couple, sb., 0,Fr, couple, cople; couple^ 
LEG. 70; Langl. -5ix. 140; copies (//.) 
Fer. 1328. 
couplin, v., O.Fr, cupler, copier; couple^ 

^copuloJ PR. p. 99; cople Langl. Ciii. 190; 
kupleo ipres,) bo^^e togederes A. R. 78; 

couple)) [* copulatis *] WiCL. Is. v. 8 ; icuplet 

(pple,) Kath. 1059. 
courbe, adj., OJ^r, courbe; curved^ bent, 

Gow. L 99. 

courbe, sb., curve, bend, Gow. IL 159. 
courben, v., Fr, courber; bend\ courbed 

(pret) Langl. B i. 79. 
couren, v., cf Dan, kure, Swed, kura, Ger, 

kauern ; cower ; coure P. s. 329 ; Flor. 785 ; 

PL. T. 155; kouri]? (pres,) Alis. 2053; 

koured (pret,) Will. 47. 
oours, sb., O.Fr, curs, cours ; course, running, 

treat. 132; p. L. s. XXV. 125; Alis. 712; 

Gow. L 130; Ch. C. t. a 8, -F76; cors 

Fer. i!o8; Gaw. 116. 
courser, sb., 0,Fr, corsier, coursier; courser, 

Ch. C. t. a 1704 ; curser PR. p. no. 
court, see curt, 
courtepi, sb., short jacket', Ch. C. t. yi 290; 

R.R. 219; voc 196. 
couschote, see under cu. 
ocuflloppe, cou8okulle(8), see under ctL. 
coutere, sh., from O.Fr, cute (elbow) ; elbow- 
piece (of armour), D. Arth. 2566 ; Gaw. 582. 
cou)>en, see oEtfen. cove, see o&fl 
c6ve, sb., 0,E, cofa, cf 0,N, kofi, M.L.G, 

kove, M.H.G, kobe ; cove, small room, cell, 

CM. 1 161 7. 

cove, Fr, couv^e ; covey, PR. p. 96. 
coveiten, see ouveiten. covele, see cuvele. 
covenable, adj., O, Fr, covenable (con- 

venable) ; suitable, WiCL. GEN. xl. 5 ; cu- 

venable misc. 27 ; conabill Barb. v. 266. 
coveuab-li, adv., suitably, WiCL. MK.xiv. 1 1. 
covenant, see convenant. 
oovent, sb., Fr, couvent ; convent, p. L. s. xvi. 

160; AYENB. 219; kuvent a. r. 12. 



ooverchjef [kerohef ], sb., 0,Fr, couvre-, 

cuevrechief; kerchief, Ch. C. t. B 837 ; kover- 

cheef Lidg. m. p. 48 ; keverchief P. L. s. xxxiv. 

126. 
covercle, sb., O.Fr, coverde ; lid of a cup, 

Ch. h. f. 792 ; pr. p. 97 ; voc. 198. 
coveren, v., ?=^reooYeTenfgain,attain; heal, 

recover ; covere Hav. 2040 ; PR. c. 811 ; keoveri 

P. L. s. xxiii. 136 ; kevere Rob. 256 ; kuvere, 

kevere Will. 128, 1521; kevered (pret.) 

Gaw. 1755 ; see acoveren. 
coveren, v., O.Fr, covrir, cueuvrir, Lat, co- 

operlre; cover; covere Man. (F.) 14101 ; 

covere, kevere Langl. B iii. 60 ; kevere 

WiCL. Habak. ii. 17; kevered (pple.) Jos. 

176. 
coverlit, sb., Fr, couvre-lit; coverlet, c m. 

1 1 239 ; keverlet E. w. 4. 
covert, O.Fr, covert; covert, Will. 2217; 

PR. c 4489. 
coverture, sb., 0,Fr, coverture; covering, 

bedclothes; horse-cloth^ HORN (L.) 696 ; 

kuvertur(e) A. R. 214. 
covine, sb., 0,Fr, co-, convine; intrigue 

Will. 3147 ; Ch. C. t. A 604. 
Covintre, pr. n., 0.E, Cofantreo ; Coventry, 

Rob. 6. 
crabbe, sb., 0,E, crabba,=J/.Z?«. krabbe, 

O.N, krabbi ; crab, * cancer^ VOC. 189 ; PR. P. 

99; hom. L 51 ; Lidg. m. p. 58; crabben 

(pi.) hom. L 51 ; Alis. 4943. 
crabbe, sb., crab (apple). Pall. i. 569. 
crabbe-appule, sb., cf Swed. krabbapple ; 

crcUhappie, * macium,^ PR. P. 99. 
orabbe-tre, sb., crab-tree, ^ mcuianus, ar- 
butus,' PR. P. 99 ; crabtre * arbutus ' voc 192. 
crabbed, adj., cf, Swed, krabbed; crabbed, 

Ch. C. t. E 1203 ; Lidg. m. p. 132 ; crabbede 

wordes Langl. B x. 104. 
cracohe, sb., fitch', crache c. m. 11823. 
craoohe, sb., 0,Fr, crache, creche ; manger, 

crib, ^praesepe,' PR. P. 99; Will. 3233; 

WiCL. Job vi. 5 ; cratche Wicl. Lk. ii. 7 ; 

crecche A. R. 260. 
oracohin, v., cf, Swed, kratsa, Du, kratsen, 

krassen, L.G, kratsen, krassen, kraschen ; 

scratch, PR. P. 99 ; cracchen [cracche] us or 

clawen Langl. B prol. 154; cracche Trev, 

VI I L 37 ; crechen Jul. 35 ; oracching (pple.) 

Parten. 5892; oraohed (pret.) Orf. 78; with 

taseles oracched (pple.) Langl. B v. 446. 
cracchinge, sb., scratching, Ch. C. t. 

A 2834. 
oradel, sb., 0,E. cradol, cf, Ir, craidhal, Gael, 

creathall; cradle, A. R. 82; ALIS. 3655 ; Ch. 

C. T. ^ 2019 ; credel, cradel PR. P. 10 1 ; 

credil S. S. (Wr.) 789 ; cradele (dat,) O, &. N. 

631 ; credile Man. (H.) 243. 
cradel-bam, sb., child in cradle ; kradel- 

bames (//.) Hav. 1912. 



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138 



cradeL 



oravant. 



oradel-bondy sb., swaddling- doth^ L. H. R. 
134. 
crcBft, sb., 0,E, craeft w., cf, 0,L,G. craft, 
O.Fris, kreft, 0,H,G, chraft/., O.N, kraptr 
»!., tnod,Eng, craft ; strength ; ^i^/, LA3. 8287 ; 
be craft is ihate astronomic 24297 ; he cu¥e 
fene uvele craft 2840 ; craft O. & N. 757 ; 
REL. I. 211 ; Will. 635 ; Ch. C. t. A 401 ; 
LiDG. M. p. 162 ; {ms. crafft) Orm. 18809; creft 
Kath. 872 ; AYENB. 35 ; J^ene creft frag. 
1 ; J>ough he criede wi]^ aJle |)e craft J)at he 
coude Mand. 305 ; oraftes {gen) men crafts- 
men (cf. crafbmon) Trev. I. i 13 ^orafte (dai.) 

0. & N. 787 ; orsftes, craftes, craefte (pi!) 
L\y 2395, 10105, 15789 ; craftes o. & N. 568 ; 
Perc. 560 ; merci schal hir craftez ki))e A. P. 
i. 356; orsften (dat, pL) LA3. 11797 ; comp, 
drij-, dweomer-y leche-, leoS-, wlcche-, 
•wxmder-oraft. 

[oraft-ftil, adj., crafty\ 

orafitfiil-liche, adv., craftily^ rel. II. 176. 
oreft-leasy adj., 0,E, craeftleas; [iners^ 
frag. 2. 

craft-mon, sb., craftsman^ Ch. C. t. A 1899; 
oraft-monnen (//.) La^. 28944. 
orsDften, v., 0,E, craeftan,=J/.Z.a kreften, 
O.Fris. (ur)krefta; f accomplish; crefteSHOR. 
157; crafte Pall. i. 428; crefte)> (pres.) 
Shor. 2. 
crafti, adj., O.E. crxftigj = 0,I/.G. chreftig; 
cra/ty, skilful^ M. H. 2 ; a crafti weorcman Laj. 
22892 ; crafti and Strang PR. c. 9088 ; crefti 
Kath. 125 ; misc. 91 ; craftier (compar.) 
Will. 1680 ; a m. 8753. 
orafti-liohey adv., craftily^ Langl. .<4 x. 5 ; 
craftili Iw. 3104; oreftiluker (compar,) 
Kath. 260. 
crag, sb., /r., Welsh craig, Gael, creag ; crag, 
Will. 2850; orange (dcU,) r. r. 4156 ; rbl. 

1. 126 ; oragges (pi) PR. C. 6393. 
crahien, v., ?=orakien; crack, crash \ to 

crahien ant to crenchen mit swire Marh. 9. 

eraiery sb., 0,Fr, craier; a small ship\ 
oraiers (//.) D. Arth. 738. 

eraky sh.,= M,Du, crac, M,H,G, krach; crctck^ 
crash, Alis. 641 ; Trev. 1. 409 ; c. M. 18953 ; 
krak B. DISC 962; krakkes (//.) a. p. ii. 
1402. 

erdke, sb., cf, 0,N. kraka (crow) ; crake (bird) ; 
crakes (pi,) s. s. (Web.) 3532 ; comp, night- 
crake. 

orakenelley sb., Fr, craquelin ; cracknel, 
PR. P. 100. 

orakien, v., 0,E, cracian, = M,L,G, kraken, M, 
Du, craken, M,H,G, krachen; crack, break, 
make a creaking noise ; crake Rich. 5423 ; 
Flor. 92 ; Trist. 887; l. h. r. 144 ; rel. I. 
2; krake Horn (H.) 1118; orake}> (pres) 
Shor. 99 ; so chauntej) he and crake)> Ch. C. 
T. E 1850; (bei) craken Gow. III. 94; and 
craked(^Ar/.) boj^e hire legges Langl. ^xviii. 



73; banes ber orakeden (pL) Laj. 1875; 

kraked (pple,) Hav. 1238; icraked Greg. 602. 
orakinge, crakkinge, sb., cracking, boasting, 

^ crepor, jactancia,* PR. P. 100. 
crallen, v., Ger, kralien ; f twist, curl; oralle 

(imper,) L. c. C. 35; oralled (pple.) ibid.; 

curious hameis qvaintli craliit PL. T. 134. 
cram-cake, sb., f pancake, Wicl. ex. xxix. 2. 
crammel, sb., crumb; oranuneles (pi.) 

AYENB. 253. 

t^rammieii, v., 0,E, crammian ; cram ; crem- 

min PR. p. 1 01 ; oromine|> (pres,) p. s. 238 ; 

orammid {pple.) WiCL. Hos. xiii. 6 : beo ur 

mou)> crommed with clai p. L. s. xxv. 112; 

icrammed [icrommed] Ch. C. t. C348; i- 

crammed [icrommet] Langl. A prol. 41. 
oramminge, oremminge, sb., stuffing, 

^farcinacio,^ PR. P. loi. 
cramp, sb., = 0,H,G, chramph, modEng. 

cramp ; hook^ claw ; cromp L. H. R. 139. 
crampe, %h.,=^M.L.G., M.Du, krampe, 0.H, 

G, chrampho ; cramp (spasm), * spasmus^ PR. 

P. 100 ; Ch. Tro. iii. 1071 ; crampe [aompe] 

Langl. B xiii. 335. ' 
orampishen, v., cramp, Ch. An. 174. 
cramsin, v., f scratch, pr. p. 100. 
crdne, P crane, sb., 0,E, cran, Pcran, cf, 

O.L.G, kran, kron, M.Du, craen, krane 

(.?krane) /; crane, ^grus,* voc. 188; PR. P. 

100; REL. II. 79; LiDG. M. p. 154; crane, 

cran Ch. p. f. 344 ; cron [crane] LA5. 20163 ; 

cr^ne (dat,) ayenb. 56 ; kr&nea (//.) Hav. 

1726 ; cronez A. P. ii. 58. 
crani, sb., cranny, ' rima,^ PR. P. 100 ; oranis 

(pi,) SACR. 710. 

cranke, sb., crank, winch, ^ girgillus, haus- 

trum,* PR. p. 100. 
crapaute, sb., a precious stone ; crepawnde, 

crapawnde, crepaud PR. P. loi ; grapond voc 

256; orapawtes (//.) Em. 142; crepawdis 

SACR. 171. 
crappe, sb., f chaff; ^cums criballum,' vvi,v, 

100; orappiB (pL) * curalis* voc. 201. 
crasohin, v., crash, PR. p. 100; craschede 

(pple,) brainez D. Arth. 21 14. 
crdsen, v., cf Dan, krase, Swed, krasa, mod, 

Eng, craze; crack, break-. |)e cablis crasen 

M. T. 128; ))e pot was crdaed (pple.) CH. 

C. T. 6^934; coveitise haj> crasid joure 

croune dep. R. i. 8. 
crask, adj., P^oask; f burly, ^crassus,* PR. P. 

100. 
cratche, see craoche. 
cran, sb., 0,E. craw ; from crftwen ; crow (of 

a cock) ; orowe (dot.) Bek. 1090 ; Ch. C. t. 

A 3675 ; comp, hane-cr&u. 
craiike, see oroke. 
craulen, v., 0,N, krafla, cf, M,H,G, krabelen ; 

crawl; oraulande (pple,) C. M. 6612. 
cravanty see creant. 



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crdven. 



creste. 



139 



or&ven, v^ 0,E. crafian,= aiV. krefja {pret 

kraf^) ; crave y GEN. & EX. 1320; crave C. L. 

249 ; AN. UT. II ; s. S. (Web.) 52 ; Iw. 543 ; 

HoccL. i. 432; ordve {pres,) spec 72; 

crave)* Shor. 61 ; crave Langl. Bvix, 221 ; 

we craven HOM. I. 59 ; crAvede (pret) gen. 

& ex. 1418 ; Hav. 633 ; ior&ved Ipple,) A. R. 

2* ; comp, bi-cr&ven. 
crawe, sb., = Dan. krave, O.H.G. chrago ; 

craw^ throat, PR. P. loi ; WiCL. 4 KINGS vi. 

25. 
crawe, sb., 0,E, era we, = 0,H.G, crawa, chraja, 

chraa, O.L.G, krija; craw (the bird), * comiXy 

voa 188; crowe o. & N. 1130; crowe Rob. 

490; Ch. C. t. a 2692 ; orowen (pL) P. L. s. 

xvii. 185; crowe O. & N. 304; comp, nljt- 

crowe. 

ordwe-fot, sb., crow-foot, PR. p. 105. 
crowe-leo, sb., O.E, crawan leac ; name of a 

plant, FRAG. 31. 
crawen, v., (^.-E.crawan (pret. cT€oyf),cf 0,1/. G. 

chrahan(/r^/.chrata); crow (as a cock) \ crowe 

Misc 45 ; er })e cok crawe P. S. 238 ; orSow 

(pret.) Mat. xxvi. 74 ; creu S. A. L. 162 ; c, M. 

15992 ; crew WicL. Mat. xxvi. 74 ; Ch. C. t. 

^4387; crewe s. S. (Web.) 2536; orSwen 

(pple.) TOWNL. 182 ; crowe LUD. Cov. 278 ; 

iCTowc Ch. C. t. a 3357 ; deriv. cr&n, or5d. 
crowing, sb., crowing, Trev. VII. 535. 
creaoion, sb., O.Fr. creation ; creation, Gow. 

II. 158. 
creance, sb., O.Fr. creance, med.Lat. credentia ; 

credence, Ch. C. t. B 915. 
creant, adj., O.Fr. creant; craven; creaunt 

A. R. 288 ; cravant Kath. 133. 
creatour, sb., O.Fr. creatour; creator, Langl. 

-ffix. 26; Ch. C. t. C901. 
creature, sb., O.Fr. creature ; creature, Bek. 

2238; Ch. C. t. a 2769. 
crecche, see oraoohe. 
Crekkelade, pr. n., O.E. Crecca gelad; 

Crickiade (printed Creskelade), Rob. [v, r. 

creek-, creoke-, kreke-, kyrke-] 269. 
cred, sb., f O.E. cread; from cruden; 

f crowd', for . . . mikel crede Man. (F.) 

11244. 
[cred, sh., from or&wen; comp. han-or5d.] 
crede, sb., from Lat. credo ; creed, hom. II. 

17; Shor. 138; rel. I. 211. 
credel, see oradeL 
credence, sb., O.Fr. credence; beliej, trust, 

faith, Gow. I. 59, 65, 152 ; s. A. L. 60. 

credible, adj., LcU. credibilis ; credible, Gow. 

1.23. 

creft, see craft, 
crei, sb., crowing, o. & n. 335. 
or^ke, sb., basket, crib, pr. p. ioi ; M. H. 64. 
cr6ke, sb., f creak; or6kes (//.) Ch. C. t. A 

4051 [knakkes (Wr.) 4049]. 



ordkin, v., f = M.Du. kreken, Ger. krechen ; 

creak, croak, ^ gracillo,* PR. P. loi ; crakes 

ipres.) REL. II. 79; a crowe . . . cr6ked 

(pret.) Trev. VII. 535. 
crelle, sb., f Gael, criol ; creel, * sporta^ PR. P. 

loi. 
creme, sb., cf. Fr. creme, med.Lat., ItaL 

crema ; cream, Langl. (Wr.) 4365. 
creme, see orisme. 
oremelen, v., cf L.G. krSmeln; crumble, 

L. a c. 36. 

cremmin, see crammien. 
crempen, v., = M.Du. krempen, M.H.G. 

krempfen ; contract, restrain ; crempe O. & N. 

1788 ; comp. for-orempen. 
crenchen, v., f cringe; crenchen [crenge] mit 

swire Marh. 9. 
crenolen, see orinklen. 
creopen, v., O.E. creopan,= O.A^. kriupa, O. 

Fris. kriapa, M.L.G. krupen; creep ; kreopen 

P. L. S. xvii. 107 ; creope Alis. 576 ; crepen 

La^. 29313; cr(e)ope [crepe] o. & N. 819; 

crepe Shor. 146; oreopeo (pres.) hom. I. 

23 ; creopJ>, crop)) o. & N. 826 ; criepe^ hom. 

II. 199; orSop (imper.) A. R. 292; creo- 

pinde (pple.) Marh. ii ; orSap (pret.) 

Kath. 908 ; crep gen. & ex. 2924 ; Alis. 

571 ; S. S. (Wr.) 479; crep [creep] CH. C. T. 

A 4226 ; krep s. & C. 1. 1 ; crap (for craep) 

La^. 29282 ; crop (ms. crope) AV. Arth. Ixv; 

crepte Gow. III. 258; Ch. C. t. A 4193; 

({)ou) creptest Langl. A iii. 184 ; heo 

crupen [crope] LA3. 18472 ; cropen GEN. & 

EX. 2974 ; crope Bek. 2241 ; crepten Will. 

2235 ; crdpen (subj.) Langl. B prol. 186 ; 

cr6pen (pple.) WiCL. E. w. 296 ; H. v. 84 ; 

crope Gow. I. 198 ; Ch. C. t. A 4259 ; Lidg. 

M. P. 240; icrope Trev. III. 397; comp. 

8Bt-ordopen. 
orepinge, sb., creeping, ^repcio,* PR. P. 

ioi. 
orepere, sb., O.E. creopere ; creeper, pr. p. 

IOI. 

orepel, see crupel. 

cresce, v., Lat. crescere ; increase : bad hem 

cresce and multipli Gow. III. 276; cresen 

WiCL. 4 KiN(;s XX. 10; creasing (pple.) 

WiCL. s. w. I. 338. 
oresen, v., f crush ; her seed if that me oreee 

(subj.) Pall. v. 77. 
crease, sb., (?. E. cresse, cerse, = O.H, G. chresso, 

cresso, cressa, O.L.G. kerse; cress, ^nastur^ 

tium,* PR. P. 102 ; A. P. i. 343 ; kerse Gow. I. 

299 ; is no^t worj) a kerse Langl. ^ x. 17 ; 

comp. water-, wel-cresse. 
cresset, sb., f Fr. creuset, mod.Eng. cressit; 

crucible; lamp ; Gow. III. 217 ; cressit 

^ crucibulum^ PR. P. 102. 
create, sb., O.Fr. creste ; crest, * crista,^ A. P. 

i. 855 ; PR. P. 102 ; L, H. R. 212 ; creeste of the 

bro<::he WiCL. ex. xxviii. 23. 



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I40 



J 



Crete. 



Crete, sb., cf, M,Du, kratte (basket), O.H,G, 

crezzo (calathus) ; / cradle, ))e kinges zone . . . 

}>et wepj) ine his crete ayenb. 137. 
creulen, v., }—Du. krevelen; crawl; oreu- 

land (pple,) c. M. 6612. 
crevace, sb., 0,Fr, crevace ; crevice, Ch. C. 

T. 7363 ; crevas S. s. (Wr.) 768; crevice PR. 

C. 9186 ; crevisse Gaw. 2183. 
crevil, sh.,=M.Du, krevel; filching, Lidg. 

M. P. 31. 
crevis, sb., 0,Fr, crevice; crayfish] krevis 

Lidg. m. p. 154. 
cri, sb., O.Fr. cri ; cry, LA5. 1 1991* ; Map 339 ; 

Bek. 81 ; kri Will. 2174. 
cribbe, sb« O.E, cribb, crybb,=aZ.6^. crib- 

bia, 0,H.G, crippa, chripia ; crib, ^praesepe^ 

PR. P. 103 ; HOM. I. 277; Orm. 3321 ; Mand. 

70; PR. c 5200; \^fiscella'\ Trev. IV. 353. 
crieiiy v., 0,Fr, crier; cry. Ha v. 2443; 

crie Brd. 22 ; crie (imper.) a. r. 136 ; 

oriande ipple,) Will. 4347 ; oriede (prel.) 

Langl. ^v. 451; orieden (//.) hom. I. 

279. 

oriing, sb., crying, Fer. 2433. 
crike» sb., O.Fr, crique, cf, M,Du, kreke; 

creek, ^ scale(b)ra,' PR. P. 103 ; Ch. C. t. A 409 ; 

(printed trike) GEN. & ex. 2947 ; krike Hav. 

708. 
orike, sb., 0,N. kriki ; f thigh : his nese 

went unto )>e crice (r, w, swike) Hav. 2450. 
oriket, sb., Fr. criquet ; cricket (animal), VOC. 

164; Langl. B xiv. 42. 
orikke, sb., crick, cramp, ^ spasmus^ PR. P. 

103; thou might stomb.e and take the crik 

REL. H. 29. 
crime, sb., Fr. crime ; crime, Ch. C. T. G 455 ; 

WiCL. DEEDS xxiii. 29. 
crimpil, sb., wrinkle, ^ruga,* PR. p. 103. 
crimplin, v., crumple, * rugo,^ PR. P. 103. 
onnklen, v., .?=Z^//. krinkelen; crinkle: the 

hous is orinkled [crencled] (pple,) Ch. l. g. 

w. 2012. 
criour, sb., 0,Fr, crieur ; crier, leg. 220 ; 

Trev. L 247. 
crions, adj., clamorous, WiCL. PROV. ix. 13. 
crip, sh,, pouch, scrip, p. R. L. P. 156. 
oripel, see orupeL 
cripi>en, v., break, cut; crippid (pple,), 

WiCL. LEV. xxii. 24. 
crips, see orisp. 
crisme, sb., O.Fr, cresme, Or, xP^^y^ > chrism, 

PR. P. 103 ; GEN. & EX. 2458 ; creme MiRC 

634; creime Shor. 13; ayenb. 41. 
oiiame-ohild, sb., child that dies within 

the month of birth, misc. 90. 
orisme-cldS, sb., chrism or chrisom cloth, 

HOM. IL 95. 
crisolite, sb., O./r.crisolite ; chrysolite, Mand. 

276. 



croisen. 

crisopace, sb., 0,Fr. crisopace *, ckrysopriue, 

MISC. 98. 

crisp, adj., O, E. crisp, f^om Lot. crispus ; crisp, 

curly, Mand. 168; his crispe her Ch. C. T. 

A216S; crips TREAT. 138. 
crisp-heed, sb., * crispitudo,* PR. P. 103. 
crispenesse, sb., * crispitudo,' PR. P. 103. 
crispen, v., curl; crispedde (pple.) Trev. 

I. 53; cresped Gaw. 187. 
crist, sb., O.Fr, crist ; Christ, Kath. 612; 

oristes messe, Christmas, ayenb. 213. 
cristal, sb., Fr. cristal ; crystal, Fl. & Bl. 274; 

CHR. E.638; SPEC. 52. 
cristen, adj. & sb., O.E. cristen ; christian : a 

cristen man Langl. ^xi. 120; crist ene men 

FRAG. 7; oristene (sb.) Shor. 56; {)is gode 

king |)at bus cristene bicom Rob. 75 ; cristine 

[cristenej (pi,) La^. 29773. 
oristen-ddm, sb., Christendom, A. R. 30; 

Bek. 108 ; J)ane cristendom Shor. 5. 
orlsten-li, adv., O.E. cristenlice; as a 

christian, Ck.C.T.B 1 122. 
cristianite, sb., Lot. christianitatem ; Chris- 
tianity, Ch. C. t. B 544. 
cristnien, v., O.E. cristnian; christen: cristnie 

Shor. 9 ; oristnede (pret.) p. l. s. xv. 177; 

cristned (pple.) Orm. 1782. 
oristninge, sb., christening, ayenb. 14. 
critouns, sb., pi., O.Fr. cretons ; greaves \ 

(re/use 0/ tallow), WiCL. PS. ci. 4. J^^ „ '.^ 
criSe, sb., crib, manger, M. H. 63. "' ' ' - ••^^' . 
crive, sb., ? grave; krive Man. (H.) 91. 
croce, croche, sb., O.Fr. croce, croche; 

crutch, crozier: ^pedum,^ PR. P. 103, 104; a 

bischopes crosse [croce] Langl. B viii. 94 ; 

croche ^sustentaculum ' voc. 277. 
crochet, sb., Fr. crochet ; crotchet (in music), 

*• semiminima^ PR. P. 104; TOWNL. 116. 
crocke, sb., O.E. crocca ; crock, pot ; * olla^ 

FRAG. 4 ; A. R. 214 ; crokke SHOR. 106 ; Trev. 

111. 85 ; Langl. ^xix. 275. 
crockere, sb., potter; ^figulus,* WiCL. WISD. 

XV. 7 ; crokkere Shor. i<X. 
crocodile, sb., O.Fr. crocodile; crocodile; 

a crooodilles (gen.) hide Pall. i. 960; see 

cooodrill. 
crcft, sb., O.E. cxoit,=M.Du. kroft, crocht; 

croft, field, Langl. ^v. 582; Townl. 199; 

lud. Cov. 36 ; crofte (dat.) s. a. l. 160. 
croh, sb., O.E, crog, = M.Du. kroeg, O.H.G. 

cruag m.; pitcher, jug, H. M. 39 ; croos (pL) 

MISC. 29. 
crois, sb., O.Fr. crois, croiz, cruiz ; cross, C L. 

1 183 ; P. L. s. iii. 88 ; Jos. 446 ; Ch. C. t. E 

556; croiz Horn (R.) 1314; Hav. 1263; 
.creoiz a. r. 18; croiz, croice Bek. 959, 971 ; 

croice Will. 350 ; see oros. 
croisen, v., O.Fr. croiser, cruisier ; sign with 

the cross : to croici frie his forcheved P. L. S. 



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croisen. 



cruchen. 



141 



xvii. 73 ; creoflietS (imper.) A. R. 64 ; oroised 
(pple.) L. H. R. 133. 

oroiBeriey sb^ 0,Fr, croiserie ; crusade^ Rob. 
436. 

oroky sh.,—Du. croec, croc (curl), 0,N, krokr 
w. (A^^>^) ; crooJ^j hook, * uncus,* voc 237 ; 
^ pedum * PR. P. 104 ; on his bake he bar a 
crok Tor. 1018; crok ringlet P. s. 327; 
crook Alis. 48 19 ; LiDG. M. P. 2 1 7 ; croc fraud 
Orm. 11635 ; crokes (//.) hooks leg. 169; 
Langl. Cxxi. 296; bo5 jur crune be ischave 
fair be)> ^ur crokes (/i?<r^j) REL. II. 175 ; cro- 
kez reaping hooks A. P. i. 40 ; crokes frauds 
A. R. 268 ; SPEC, 105 ; crefti crokes Kath. 
125. 

Gr6ke, sb., core (of fruit), coke, ' arula^ voc 
267 ; crauke * cremium (quod restat in frix- 
orio) ' PR. P. loi ; mi banes als kraukan (//.) 
dried {)a PS. ci. 4. 

croke, ^,,—Du, kroke (curf); ffor orok; 
kroke D. Arth. 3352. 

crokeiiy v., croak ; crouken, * coaxo^ PR. P. 105. 

crokeiiy y.,=Z>u, kroeken, krokeh ; crook ; cro- 
kin * curvo ' PR. P. 104 ; s. S. (Wr.) 609 ; croki 
S. A. L. 161 ; AYENB. 1 77 ; croke Hickes I. 
229; Gow. II. 144; i croke /am bent REL. 

II. 211 ; croke^ hom. II. 61 ; )>e stature bowe)> 
and crokeJ> Trev. II. 185 ; orookeden (pret.) 
WicL. PS. Ivi. 7 ; oroked (pple,) Gaw. 653 ; 
Ch. C. t. B 560 ; croked, icroked O. & N. 80, 
1676 ; )>e crokede bond P. L. S. xvii. 345 ; j)e 
crokede (pi.) ayenb. 224; comp, for-oroken. 

orokidnesse, sb., crookedness, WiCL. s. w. I. 

273. 
croket, sb., 0,Fr, croquet, = crochet lock of 

hair, P. S. 329; GgW. II. 370; Halliw. 

281. 

crokke, see crooke. 
crol, orollen, see onil, orullen. 
crombe, see orumbe. 

crome, j^^crume. crommeiiy see orammien. 
cromp, see oramp. 
crompid, adj., crisp : a crompld cake of the 

leepe of therf looves WiCL. ex. xxix. 23. 
cron, see cr&ne. 
crone, sb., fO.Fr. caroigne, cf M,Du, kronie; 

crone, Ch. C. t. B 432. 
cronen (Pcronen), v., ? = M.Du. kronen, 

kreunen (groan, complain), 0,H.G. chronen 

(chatter) ; croon, moan ; je croine (r. w. 

mone) Townl. 116. 
cronesank, sb., name of a plant; ^persicaria, 

saucheneie^ VOC. 140; REL. I. 36. 
croniclen, v., chronicle \ oronould (pple) 

Egl. 1339; comicled p. R. L. P. 10. 
oroniolere, sb., historian', * historicus^ PR. 

P. 104. 
cronike, sb., 0,Fr, cronique ; chronicle, Trev. 

III. 47 ; cronicle PR. P. 104 ; cronique Gow. 
1.31,89; Trev. I. 5, II. 77- 



crop, sb., 0.E, cropp, = M,Du, krop, O.N, 
kroppr, 0,H,G, chroph ; crop (of a bird), 
throat; top of a tree; crop of corn; * cyma,* 
VOC. 229 ; P. s. 238; Langl. C xix. 75 ; Ch. 
BOET. iii. 2 (69) ; P. L. s. ii. 98 ; L. H. R. 69 ; 
hit hadde crop so an heort Alis. 688 ; crop 
and more leg. 105 ; a t re ... of whilk be 
crop es turned do(u)nward PR. c. 663 ; pe 
crop of be rede brere L. c. c. 42 ; croppe 
^annona^ PR. P. 104; oroppe (dat,) C M. 
8458; in crop ant rote spec 100; oroppes 
(//.) R. R. 1396. 

oropere, sb., O.Fr. cropiere ; crupper, pr. p. 
105 ; oroperes [cropiers] (//.) Langl. B xv. 
453. 

cropony sb., 0,F, cropion, crepon; haunch, 
buttock; ^clunis^ PR. P. 105; oropins (//.) 
B. B. 140. 

oroppen, \.,0,N. kroppa; crop, pluck*, croppe 
M. T. 167 ; ))e wi^i ))et sprutte^ ut J>e betere 
)>et me hine ofte oroppeS (pres,) A. R. 86; 
suche (foules) cometh to mi croft and croppeth 
mi whete Langl. B vi. 33 ; hast J)ou . . . crop- 
ped (pple) jerus (r. ierus) of come MiRC 1502. 

cros,sb.,C?.A^.kross; ^^jj, LA5. 31386; Kath. 

727 ; Langl. Am, 13 (B v. 529 has cruche) ; 

cros or crouche Halliw. 282 ; one crosse, 

across, D. Arth. 3667. 

oroB-line, sb., cross-line, Ch. ASTR.i. 12 (7). 

oroB-sail, sb., cross-sail, a. p. iii. 102. 

crosse, sh., madman, LA5. 20325 (2nd text fol). 

crosselet, croslet, sb., 0,F, croisel ; crucible, 
Ch. C.t. 6^1147, 1 191, 1198. 

orossen, v., ON, krossa; cross \ orossid 
(PPle,) *' cruce signatus* PR. P. 105. 

cr6tey sb., f 0,Fr, crote, cf, Ger, krotze ; clod, 
lump, ^glebula,* PR. P. 105 ; croote \^ cremium'] 
WiCL. PS. ci. 4 ; ilk a crote Man. (F.) 2102 ; 
crot (v, r, grot) C. M. 2528. 

crouche, see oruche. crouchen, j^^r oruohen. 

crouden, croudinge, see cruden, orudinge. 

crouke, sb., 0,E, cruce, = 0,L,G, cruca ; 
f pitcher \ Ch. C. t. A 4158. 

crouken, see oruchen. croune, see orline. 

croupe, sb., 0,Fr, croupe ; hinder parts, 
Alis. 2447 ; Ch. C. t. D 1559 ; Mand. 289. 

crouJ>, sb., Welsh crwth, prov,Eng. crowd ; 
fddle : fi^l^ ne crouth SPEC 53 ; harpe fidele 
arid crouthe B. DISC 137 ; he herde a sym- 
phonie and a crowde y chorum '] WiCL. Lk. 
XV. 25 ; oroudis (//.) [*chori*] JUDG. xi. 34. 

crowe, see orftwe, and or&u. 

criicche, sb., O.E, crycc,= 0,H,G, krucka, 
M,Du, krucke ; crutch, H. v. 81 ; mid his 
crucche La^. 19482. 

cniche, sb., = 0,L,G, cruce; cross, Kath. 
1171 ; crepe to cruche hom. II. 95 ; cruche 
[crouche] Langl. B v. 529 ; crouche Shor. 
15; ayenb. hi; E. g. 54. 

fcniohen, v., sign with the cross', orouohe 



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14^ 



ortichen. 



cfU 



{pres.) Ch. C. t. A 3479 ; crouchej> Shor. 15 ; 

heo . . . oruohede (fireL) hire Kath. 628. 
• oruchen, v., cf. Ger. krauchen ; crouch : i can 

nauther crouke ne knele Townl. 163 ; knijtes 

orouke}> hem to & cruche}> (fires.) full lowe 

PL. CR. 751 ; ))ei so lowe crouchen 302. 
cruoifie, v., Fr, crucifier ; cruci/y, c. M. 18273. 
crucifix, sb., crucifix^ a. r. 16. 
crucken, v., cf. MX,G. krucken ; bend^ twist : 

ichfoileawaiethaioruoke ( fires,) Pall. ii. 210. 
crud, sb., crowdy Ar. & Mer. 5510. 
crudde, curde, sb., curd, * coa^ulum^ PR. P. 

105 ; oruddes (//.} Langl. B vi. 284 ; curdes 

voc 178. 
cruddJJiy v., curdle, * coagulo' PR. P. 105 ; 

orudded {fifile^ WiCL. Job x. 10. 
crude, sb., barrow, handcart ; crowde, ' ceni- 

vectoriumy PR. P. 105. 
oroude-wain, sb., cf. M.Du, kruiwaghen ; 

handcarty Am. & Amil. 1858. 
cruden, v., 0,E, crudan {firet. cread), M.Du, 

kruiden, (firet, krood) ; crowd, thrust, push ; 

crude Horn (L.) 1293 ; croudin PR. P. 105 ; 

croude Ch. C. t. B 801 ; out croude (? firinted 

treude) Shor. 33; oroude (imfier,) Alis. 609 ; 

orodin (firet.fil.) p. R. L. P. 245. 
cruding^e sh,, thrusting, fiushing\ croudinge 

Ch. C. T. B 299 ; crowdinge * cenivectura ' PR. 

P. 105. 

cruel, adj., (?./>. cruel; cruel,K,Vi, 100; Rob. 57. 
cruel-liohe, adv., cruelly, Ch. Tro. iv. 1274; 

crewelli Merl. i. 2 (127). 
oruelness, sb., cruelty ^ Trev. 1. 177; sacr. 

769. 

cruelte, sb., cruelty, a. r. 268 ; Man. (F.) 5 1 86. 
cruet, sb., cruet, ^ fihiala^ rel. I. 7 ; crouet 

Shor. 49; cruetz (fiL) Brd. 14. 
crul, adj.,= M.H.G. krul, M,Du, krol ; curly ; 

(ms, crolle) Alis. 1999 ; crulle (//.) Ch. C. 

T. A 81. 
crullen,v., = M.L, G, krullen, Du, krollen; curl\ 

orollid (fifile.) Fer. 1354; curiid PR. P. iii. 
crumb, adj., O E,, crumb, = O.L,G. crumb, 

0,H,G. chrumb, cf. Ir. crum, crom, Gael. 

crom, Bret, kroumm, kromm ; curved, Orm. 

9207 ; croume (dot. n.) s. S. (Wr.) 2477. • 
crumbe, sb., hook, bend; crombe, crome, 

croumbe, * uncus, bucus,^ PR. p. 104. 
crumben, v., cf. O.H.G. (ge)chrumben,i^.Z?w. 

krommen; make curved, bend \ cromin PR. P. 

104 ; orumpt (fifile.) Halliw. 284. 
crume, sb., O.K. cnima (fm.), cf Ger. krume, 

Swed. kruma, krumme m.', crumb, ^mica* 

VOC. 258 ; A. R. 342 ; crumme PR. p. 106 ; 

Gow. III. 35 ; crome Trev. IV. 399; Mirc 

2013; ane croume leb. Jes. 155; oruman 

(fit.) Mat. XV. 27 ; crumen A. R. 344 ; crumes 

(ms. crummess) Orm. i 475 ; cromes Ch. C. t. 

(T.) 15528. 
orom-bolle, sb., crumb bowl, PL. CR. 347. 



orUmelen, v., Ger. kriimeln ; crumble ; kre- 
melid (pple.) L. C. C. 36. 

crummin, cf. L.G. krSmen ; crumble^ break 
into crumbs, PR. P. 106. 

crumpe, sb., cramp, spasm^ Townl. 308. 

orumplen, v., crumple ; crumpled (pple.), C 
M. 8oi87; was crompild and crokid Flor. 
1979. 

crundel, sb., O.K. crundel (f mound) \ cave, 
hom. II. 139. 

crime, sb., cf. O.N. kruna, O.Fr. corona, co- 
rune; crown, Orm. 8158; misc. 48; be))omene 
krune A. R. 258 ; crune [croune] La^. 4251, 
131 10 ; crune, croune, corune Hav. 568, 1319, 
2734 ; crune, corune gen. & ex. 2638, 2642 ; 
his croune was ... of ismite, blodi was his 
heved Bek. 2227 ; corone [croune] Langl. 
^ ii. 10 ; coroune ayenb. 168 ; crunen (fit.) 
A. R. 238 ; crounen Rob. 242 ; see corrin. 

crunen, v., cf O.N. kruna, O.Fr. coroner, 
coruner ; crown ; crouni Bek. 1728 ; to croune 
j>e to king(e) Rob. 105 ; kruneS (pres.) 
A. R. 392 ; coroune)) ayenb. 72 ; cruneden 
(pret.) LA5. 31935; cruned (pple) Orm. 
5462; icruned hom. I. 121. 
crQnlng^e, sh:;TOronaiion, procl. 8 ; croun- 
ing Rob. 430. 

criipel, sb., O.E. (eoi^-) criipel, cryppel»= 
O.H.G. crupel, O.N. krypill, kryppill, M.Du. 
krepeljkreupel, O./Wj.kreppel ;^<7i»crSopen; 
cripple, H. M. 33 ; REL. I. 243 ; cripel CHR. E. 
771 ; cripel [crepel] c. m. 12260 ; cripil, crepil 
^claudus^ PR. p. 103 ; crepel Gow. III. 147. 

criipelen, v., f go like a cripple ; cripelande 

(fi>file) REL. I. 211 (MISC 5). 

crus, sh.,=M.H.G. krus, M.Du. kruis ; curly, 

^«^^ ; Hav. 1966 ; crus [crous] C. M. 14740. 
[cruschel, sb., cf. M,H.G. kroschel, krossel, 

krustel, kruspel.J 
oruBcliil-bdn, sb., ^cartilago,' PR. P. 106. 
cruschin, v., O.Fr. cruisir, croisir; crush, 

^ qucLsso^ PR. P. 106; cruschen D. Arth. 

1 134. 
cruse, crouse, sb., M.Du. kruise, = O.N. 

krus, M.H.G. kruse ; cruse, drinking-vessel, 

bowl; * cantharus,^ PR. p. 105 ; croos Misc. 

29; cruce PALL.xi. 51 ; oruses (//.) ^cyathi* 

Pall. i. 584. 

oruskin, sb., a little cruse, PR. p. 106. 
cruste, sb., cf Ger. kruste/, krust w., from 

Lat. crusta, crustum ; crust, PR. p. 106 ; crust 

p. s. 204. 
crusted, adj., having a crust : a cnistid 

cake WiCL. EXOD. xxix. 23. 
CU, sb., O.E. cu, = O.Fris. ku, O.N. kyr {ace, 

ku), O.L.G.,M.Du.\ib, O.H.G. chxxo-, cow, A.S. 

4; Vw^vacca' frag. 3; a. r. 418; Alis. 5956; 

cou P. L. s. xiii. 221 ; AYENB. 56 ; Langl. 

B vi. 289 ; ki [O.E. cy] (//.) Man. (F.) 4732 ; 

C. M. 4564 ; kie PS. bcvii. 31 ; kuin (r. w. sien) 



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ctl. 

AUS. 760 ; kyn P. L. s. xiii. 235 ; Ch. C. T. 
-^4021; kiin [kien] Langl. ^ vi. 142 ; kien 
WiCL. GEN. xxxii. 15 ; kin, ken Will. 6, 244 ; 
ken AYENB. 191 ; OCTOV. (W.) 672. 
Ck>u-baohe, pr. n., P. L. s. xiii. 244. 
oou-oal^ sb., cow calf, Langl. ^xv. 462. 
cou-herde, sb., O.E. cuhyrde; cowherd, 
Will. 4. 

oou-sohote, sb., 0,E, cusceote, cuscote, 
prov, Eng, cushat ; wood-pigeon, ^palumbus^ 
Cath. 79; couscot ^palumbus^ VOC. 221; 
qvisht Pall. i. 758. 

oou-sloppe» sb., 0J£. cusloppe, cuslyppe; 
cowslip, VOC 162. 

cou-Bokulle, sb., some plant, f cowberry, 
f cowslip; * vacciniMtn ' VOC. 1 76. 
cnbbel, sb., staff, a. r. 140. 
cubicnlarie, sb., Lat. cubicularius ; chamber- 
lain, WiCL. JUD. xii. 6. 

cubit, sb., Lat, cubitus; cubit, WiCL. Jer. 
xxxviii. 12; A. P. ii. 319; Trev. II. 235; 
TowNL. 28 ; WiCL. Mat. vi. 27 ; cubits (//.) 
WiCL. gen. vi. 15 ; cupidez A. P. ii. 315. 
cuccu, sb., 0,Fr, cucu, coucou ; cuckoo, a. S. 
iii.; cukkou Trev. 1. 229 ; coccou ayenb. 59 ; 
Ch. P. F. 358. 

ciichene, [kLchene], sb., 0,E. cycene, from 
Lat, coqulna, cf O.H.G, cuchina, chuchina ; 
kitchen, La^. 3316 ; kuchene A.R.214; kichene, 
kechene Will. 1681, 1707 ; kechene ayenb. 
171 ; kechine Perc 455. 
[cucking, sb., kicking f] 
cuckmg-Btol, sb., cuckingstool, P. S. 345 ; 
co(c)kingst5l REL, II. 176. 

cuo-stool, sb., cucking-stool^ * cadurca^ PR. p. 

107 ; cokstol P. 72. 
cude, sb., 1=0,H,G. cuti (gluten); f pitch: 

hwit cude f mastic LEECHD. III. 136 ; code, 

sowters wex PR. p. 85 ; Digb. m. 35 ; coode 

[pice '] WiCL. EX. ii. 3. 
cude, sb., 0,E, cudu, cwudu, cweodu, cwidu ; 

cud, Orm. 1237; cude [code] c. M. 1958; 

chewi)» kude [code, qvide, qvede] [* ruminat *j 

WiCL. LEV. XJ. 3, DEUT. xiv. 6. 
CUf; sb., 0,E, cyf ; tub, frag. 4 ; kive {dat,) 

REL. II. 191 ; keve \? printed kove) Bev. 

2415. 
CUffe, sb., cuff, sleeve, * c{h)irot(h)eca,* PR. p. 

106 ; coffes (pi.) Langl. B vi. 62. 

cuggel,sb.,aiE:.kycgeI(</^zr/),kuggel,r/W^^M 
cogeil (distaff, truncheon) ; f cudgel, A. R. 292. 

ciikeweald, sb., cuckold', cuke weld o. & n. 
1544; kukewald D. Arth. 1312 ; cokewold 
Ungl. a iv. 140 ; Ch. C. t. A 3152. 

cul, sb., stroke : ))e cul of ))er eax A. R. 128. 

cul, see kSl. cule, see ouvele. 

culfre, sb., O.E, culfre, culufre, mod, dialects 
culver; pigeon, dove, Orm. 1258 ; kulvre A. R. 
98; culver WiCL. GEN. viii. 8 ; colvre ayenb. 



oume. 



143 



I 142 ; colvre, colvere Marg. 293, 299 ; colvere 
[colver] Langl. B xv. 396 ; oulfren, culfre 
(gen.) HOM. I. 95, 141 ; culfre brid Orm. 
7887 ; ))et tu . . . habbe kulvre kunde A. R. 
292 ; oulveren [colvere] (pi.) Laj. 24521 ; 
colfren Rob. 190 ; colveren Alis. 5405 ; col- 
veren, colveres Mand. 118; culvere briddis 
[^pullos columbarum *] WiCL. LEV. x. 7. 
oolver-lioua, sh., pigeon-house, ayenb. 142. 

[ouHen, v., .? burny comp. for-culien.] 

oiiUen, v., cf M.Du. killen, kellen (kill), 
M.H.G. kellen, mod.Eng.VWX; .^=cwellen; 
strike, beat; kill : oJ)ur to culle oj>ur to bete 
P. L. s. XXX. 146 ; counseilede Cairn to cullen 
[killen] his bro))er Langl. A i. 64 ; killin 
* ocddo * PR. p. 274 ; ouUeB (pres.) Jos. 545 ; 
kulle al ut ))et is i )ie krocke A. R. 346 ; oiille 
(subj.) A. R. 126; kille Ch. C. t. D 1041; 
oiilde (pret.) s. A. L. 150; k. T. 179; ofte 
me hine culde La^. 20319; culde [kilde] 
Langl. A iii. 180; (h)a kulden hem doun 
Fer. 2660; keld (ppie.) OCTOV. (W.) 1063 ; 
\>ei were ikilde [ikeld] Trev. VIII. 5. 

oullin, v., O.Fr. coiWir, from Lai. colligere ; cull^ 
gather, select, PR. p. 107 ; coile DEP. R. iii. 
200 ; sex hundred of hise he colede (pret.) 
out Man. (F.) 2731. 

culm, sb., soot, 'fuligo* pr. p. 108. 

[culmen, v., f cover with soot; comp. bi-col- 
men.] 

culmi [colini],adj., f sooty, Langl. B xiii. 356 ; 
his colmie snute Horn (L.) 1082. 

ciilne, sb., O.E. cyln, cf O.N. kylna; kiln, 

furnace-, kulne REL. II. 81 ; kilne PR. p. 274. 

ciilpe, sb., mod.Eng.kdp; sea-weed \ culpes 
(//.) Trev. IL 81. 

culrkge, sb., Fr. curage (/ O.Fr. *cuh-age) ; 
arse-smart, water-pepper, M. T. 133 ; ^persi- 
coria* PR. p. 108. 

culter, sb., O.E. culter, from Lat. culter ; 
coulter, Langl. ^vi. 106; Wicl. prov. 
xxiii. 2 ; Ch. C. t. A 3763 ; colter Map 338. 

culture, sb., Fr. culture ; culture, Pall. i. 21. 

culvere, see culfjre. 

culvert, adj., O.Fr. culvert, Lat. collibertus ; 
villanous, A. R. 96 ; Fl. «& Bl. 329 ; cf. col- 
ward. 

cumb, sb., O.E. cumb m. ; coomb, a measure of 
capacity ; coume * cumba * pr. p. 97. 

Cumberland, pr.n.,a£'.Cumbra land; Cum- 
berland, misc. 146. 

cumblen, see oomblen. 

cume, sb., O.E. cuma, = O. H. G. qvemo ; 
stranger. Mat. xxv. 35 ; j)u bist him cume 
deore La^. 4373 ; oumene (gen. pi.) Lk. ii. 7; 
comp. wil-oume. 

oiime, sb., O.E. cyme, m., cf O.L.G. cumi, 
O.H.G. chumi, qvemi f, Goth, qums m. ; 
advent, arrival, a. R. 188; O. & N. 436; 
cume, kume, kime [come] Laj. 3962, 6646, 



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144 



x^ume. 



cund. 



14827; cume, come Kath. 413, 671; come 
Orm. 718; GEN. & EX. 2267; Horn (L.) 
530; c. L. 103 1 ; Will. 4192; d. Arth. 
1203 ; comp, 3ein-9 h&m-, hider-, on-, to-, 
fit-oume. 

[ciimey adj., 0,E, cyme ; becoming^ 
cume-lioh, adj., 0,E, cymlic ; comely^ H. M. 
25; kumli Iw. 2886; comli Alis. 6055; 
Langl. -ffxv. 444; cumeliohe (adv,) Mark. 
19 ; comeliche SPEC. 37 ; oomloker {corn- 
par,) Gaw. 869 ; oomlokest {superl.) Gaw. 53. 
comli-hede, sb., comeliness^ Gow. II. 354. 
comlinesse, sb., comeliness^ PR. P. 89. 

cumel, sb. ; f ambush^ shelter under tents \ 
on cumelan, comelan, comlen, comele LA3. 
6630, 1 1009, 20273, 30400- 

oumeling, sb., = O.H.G, chomeling; from 
cumen ; stranger, new comer, GEN. & ex. 
834 ; cumling Iw. 1627 ; cumling [comeling] 
WiCL. LEV. XXV. 47; comeling PR. P. 89; 
komlinges {pi.) Rob. 18. 

cumen, v., 0,E, cuman,=0./..G^. cuman, O, 
Fris, kuma, koma, 0,N, koma, O.H.G, cho- 
man, qveman, Goth, qiman ; comey Lk. xviii. 
16; Sax. chr. 250; hom. I. 19; Jul. 53; 
Orm. 2179 ; GEN. & EX. 305 ; rel. I. 223 ; 
cumen [come] LA3. 3025 ; kumen A. R. 394 ; 
cumaen, cuman frag. 6, 7 ; cume Kath. 694 ; 
cume, come o. & N. 611 ; comen Hav. 413 ; 
come Ch. C. T. Z> 1684 ; ^ sunde to cumene 
Laj. 16029; make)) to comene ayenb. 106; 
to cumende hom. II. 117 ; bat is to cominge 
Trev. III. 471 ; oiunest, kimest [0,E, cy- 
mest, cymst], (pres,) Jul. 62, 63 ; kymst Lk. 
xxiii. 42 ; comest o. & N. 585 ; cumej> frag. 
5 ; cume^, kime^ A. R. 350 ; kume^, kimeV, 
kim^ HOM. I. 33, 81, 153; kem^ Lk. ix. 
26: cumej), comef o. & N. 302, 1531 ; come^ 
Kath. 2460; comeb Langl. A'\. 59; sche 
come)> ride Launf. 867 ; (we) cume^ hom. I. 
51 ; je comeJ> P. L. s. xii. ill ; hi come^ 
viii. 118; kiune (subj,) A. R. 424; cume 
Horn. (L.) 143 ; cumen we let us come, LA5. 
13006; oiim {imper.) La^. 12944; cum, kum 
A. r. 98, 292; cume)) WiCL. Mat. iv. 19; 
cominde (Pple.) ayenb. 264 ; cajn (pret.) 
gen. & EX. 494 ; LEB. JES. 285 ; Ch. C. t. a 
547; s. s. (Wr.) 460; Mand. 12; kam Hav. 
863; cam Langl. B ix. 151; com (?com), 
come Ax, 166, B ix. 137 (Wr. 5449, coom) ; 
com (.?c6m) frag. 8 ; Marh. 2 ; Kath. 154; 
o. & N. 133 ; Bek. 4; Will. 39 ; Tor. 662 ; 
(wj.comm) Orm. 101 ; {r,w. hom) L. N.F.216; 
a vuhel com fl(e)on from h(e)ovene hom. I. 
81 ; )>et com wel for^S (sprang up) 133 ; s(e)o^- 
¥en he com to monne (he became man) 167 ; 
ba com ))er a mon imen LA5. 5748 ; seinte 
Katerine of noble cunne com p. L. S. xix. 1 ; 




Jos. 434; comen Sax. chr. 249; Mat. ii. 
2 ; Orm. 7492 ; gen. & ex. 1979; s. s. (Wr.) 



318; comen [coomen] Langl. ^ xx. 219; 
coomen K. T. 189 ; come o. & N. 1671 ; Rob. 
15; komen, keme Hav. 1012, 1208; J)ai 
kemen Fer. 3130; kemin S. & C I. xlvi; 
come isubj,) o. & N. 1015 ; RoB. 220 ; oumen 
(pple.) Orm. 134 ; gen. & ex. 365 ; Iw. 2956 ; 
comen misc. 197; Ch. C. t. .^671; comp, 
a-, an-, bi-, ^e-, over-ciunen ; deriv. oume, 
cume, owgme. 
cominge, sb., coming, Trev. I. 29. 

CTunin. sb., 0,Fr., cumin, coumin (cf, 0,E, 
cymen), Lot. cuminum, cymlnum ; cummin, 
Mat. xxiii. 23 ; comin PR. P. 89 ; spec 27 ; 
Alis. 6797 ; Wicl. Is. xxviii. 25. 

cumlen, v., f O.N. kumla ; f become cramped-, 
i comble (pres,) rel. 1 1. 211 ; cumblid 
(pple.) [comelid] hondis [* manus dissoluias '] 
Wicl. Is. xxxv. 3; comelid ^eviratus* PR. 
p. 88 ; comp, a-ownlen. 

ciimsen, see oomsen. 

Clin, sb., O.E, cynn,= O.A'l kyn, kynni, O.Fris. 
ken, O L,G, cunni, OJf,G, chunni, Goth. 
kuni n.; kin, kind, species, Kath. 445; 
monna cun HOM. I. 97 ; cun, kun La^. 319, 
328 ; kun A. r. 308 ; o. & N. 714 ; fader mo- 
der ant al mi kun spec 91 ; i have no kinne 
[kin, kun] )>ere Langl. B\, 639 ; kin Orm. 
2053; Hav. 393; his kin and his frendes 
Mand. 309; ken ayenb. 42; Will, 722; 
Gow. III. 332; ciinnes (gen.) Jul. ii; 
alles cunnes wilde d(e)or HOM. I. 79; on 
aelches cunnes [kinnes] wise Laj. 8072; 
heora nexta cunnes mon (kinsman) 2727 ; 
Davi))es kinnes man Orm. 12528 ; his cunnes 
men Bek. 1657 ; kunnes c. L. 855 ; ones 
kunnes treou A. R. 150; for nones kunnes 
mede P. S. 193 ; kinnes gen. & ex. 756 ; eches 
kinnes chapman HOM. II. 193 ; cunne 
(dot.) frag. 7 ; O. & N. 271 ; he is of a^ele 
cunne La^. i 1465 ; of j>ises wine^eardes 
kynne [*genimine*] Mk. xiv. 25 ; oiinna (//.) 
LEECHD. III. 94; cunne A. R. 128; freo 
cunne fan Marh. i ; on feole kunne wisen 
(r, wise) in many ways, LA5. 1 7 17; a bre 
cunne wise Misc 38; kinne hom. II. 03; 
alle kinne sinnes Langl. B xx. 370 ; tweire 
kunne salve o. & N. 888 ; tweire kinne HOM. 
II. 95 ; of alle kinne cwike der Orm. 14558; 
comp, deor-, fti^el-, man-, wif-oun. 
kiin-red, sb., kindred, Degr. 835 ; kenred 
Shor. 45 ; kunrede (dot,) o, & N. 1677; 
kinrede Mand. 67 ; ounredes (//.) hom. I. 
261. 

ciin-reden, sb., 0,E. cynraeden ; race, kin- 
dred, Jul. 60; cunraden (f printed cum 
raden) Hickes I. 225 ; kunrede Rob. 284; 
kinrede ^prosapia ' PR. P. 275 ; Ch. C. T. A 
2790; kinrede, -rade Trev. Vi 1. 471 ; kinrade 
Will. 522 ; J)a twelf kunreden hom. I. 141. 
cun-riin, sb., 0,E, cynr^^n; generation, 
^ generation frag. 2. 

[ciind, adj., comp. god-, gram^und^X 



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oxukL 



oure. 



145 



fcund, adj., ?=ou'S ; comp, n^me-oiind.]' 

ounde, sb., O.E. cynd, = O.N. kyndi n., 
cf. Lot. gens /. ; kind^ nature ^ HOM. I. 99 ; 
Marh. 8; ))ene waei ))e toward his cunde 
(sec. text cubj>e) laei La^. 21492 ; ))at beo)) 
of )>ine cunde O. & N. 251 ; he hab angles 
cunde treat. 134; J)eos (beastes) ao^ hare 
cunde ... in a time of )>e ^er H. M. 25 ; 
fee kunde A. R. 14 ; none nerre kunde |)er 
nas Rob. 169; kuinde Jos. 131 ; kinde Orm. 
663; Will. 2506; Ch. C. t. A 2451 ; Gaw. 
5 ; )ie kinde [kuinde] J)at of him com c. L. 
1 9 ; as kinde askef Langl. B ii. 27 ; ^ 
I hertes haven an o^r kinde rel. I. 216 ; to 
forsake his wedded wif and do his kinde o]>er 
wai Mirc 230 ; of kinde [* naturae *] WiCL. 
DExrr. xxiii. 12; |)e la we of kinde Gow. III. 
204 ; a^enst kinde Mand. 223 ; kende, kinde, 
*genuSf progenies, prosapia^ PR. P. 271; 
kende Shor. 9; ayenb. 28; J>at it were 
comen of riche kende LAI LE Fr. 138 ; after 
kindes wune GEN. & EX. 1652 ; comp. god-, 
^, man-ciinde. 

Ciinde, adj., O.E. cynde, mod.Eng. kind; 
natural, native; kind, TREAT. 136 ; he J)at 
is so cunde rel. II. 227; ))e cunde folk of 
)« lond Rob. 40 ; kuinde c. L. 1044 ; kinde 
Ch. C. t. ^602 ; (h)is kinde lond gen. & ex. 
1279; his kmde fader Will. 309; kuinde 
wit Langl. ^i. 53 ; kende, kinde PR. P. 271 ; 
kende Shor. 90 ; comp. ^e-, un-oiinde. 
kand-[h]ede [kindhede], sb., kindness, 
Rob. 452 ; kuindhede leb. Jes. 122. 
oonde^lich, adj., Ou£. cyndelTc, mod.Eng. 
kindly; natural, Kath. 964 ; hit is a kinde- 
Hch )niig AVOW. Arth. xi.; kindeli WiCL. 
wiSD. xii. 10 ; kendelich ayenb. 47 ; kiinde- 
liohe {adv,) a. R. 120 ; kindelike GEN. & EX. 
2500; kuindeli JLangl. ^ iii. 15; kindeli 
PR. a 1686. 

kondanesse, sb., kindness, leg, 185 ; kinde- 
nes Will. 321. 
ktnde-Bhip, sb., benignity, Gow. II. 292. 

Cimdel, sb., offspring \ jiesne kundel a. r. 
200; kundles {pL) a. r. 200; kindles rel. 
1.222; kindlis [^genimina*] WiCL. Lk. iii. 7. 

oundlen, v., prov.Eng. kindle ; bring forth ; 
kindlin ^feto' PR. P. 275; kundlef {pres}) 
A. R. 194 ; wanne he is ikindled (pple.) rel. 
1.209. 

otine, see kine. oiingery see conger* 

Ciudii, see ooning. 

cnimeny v., O.E. cunnan,= Gotk. kunnan, O. 
Fris. O.N. kunna, O.H.G. chunnan ; see can ; 
know; be able ; HOM. I. 73 ; Orm. 2958 ; 
alle \t, crcftes }>at derke ah to cunnen Kath. 
524 ; cunnen . . . ))onc \cf. Germ, dank wissen] 
A.R.124; cunne LA3. 25 113; kunne WiCL. 
ECCLES. vii. 26; knowe and kunne [konne] 
Langl. ^xv. 45 ; konnen c. l. 1071 ; conne 

AYENB. 21; Gow. I. 200; S. S. (Wr.) 33; 

Parten. prol. 104 ; Creseide shal not conne 



knowe me Ch. Tro. v. 1404 ; konne ROB. 

45; ciine (imper.) HOM. II. 29; cimnand 

(pple.) M. H. 93 ; j>at heeld him self so kun- 

ninge [konning] Langl. B xi. 70 ; c1i¥e (pret.) 

[mod.Eng. could] Laj. 904; cu^e, ku^ GEN.& 

EX. 289, 1659; ku=6e Kath. 1544; a. r. 66.; 

ku|)e O. & N. 714; cou))e Hav. 112; s. $. 

(Wr.) 2319 ; couthe [koube] Langl. A prol. 

182 ; coude Shor. 79 ; koude Ch. C. t. A 

713; cu^st A. R. 280; cu¥en Kath. 1330; 

heo cu))en alle spechen HOM. I. 93 ; ]>a . . . 

)>a weijes cu¥en La^. 26915 ; couJ)en P. S. 

248 ; couthe MiR. PL. 95 ; aixpe (subj.) O. & 

N. 663 ; cou])e AYENB. 105 ; ? coud (pple.) 

Ch. d. Bl. 787. 
cimneiiy v., O.E. cunnian, = d7.Z.6^. (gi-)kun- 

non, cf. O.H.G. chunnen; try, test, Orm. 834; 

kunnen hom. I. 151 ; ounneS (pres.) HOM. 

II. 87 ; heom i fofiii . . . j>et cunni^ to beon 

cleane Marh. 13; smeihte ant ounnede 

(pret.) ))er of A. R. 114; comp. ^e-ounnen. 
eunninge, sb., O.E. cunning, mod.Eng-, 

cunning; experience, skill, knowledge, wiS" 

dam, * scientiaj PR. p. 109 ; kunninge Langl. 

B X. 446 ; WiCL. GEN. xliv. 15 ; kunning LiDG. 

m. P. 31 ; conninge ayenb. 115. 
oiinte» sb., O.N. kunta, = OJ^ris. kuntc ; 

* vulva,' voc. 186; Angl. IV. 190; counte 

REL. 11.282. 
oupe, sb., O.E. cype, cf. M.Du. cupe ; tfrom 

Lat. cupa ; basket, Fl. & Bl. 447 ; cupe, kipe 

'sporta' Trey. IV. 359 ; ofipen (//.) Fl. & 

Bl. 435 ; twelf oiipe fUl c. L. 1278. 
oupideZy see oubit. 
ouppe, sb., O.E. cuppa; cup, Hav. 14; Langl. 

A V. 184; Mand. 52 ; cuppe [* calicem *] WiCL. 

John xviii. 11 ; {>a cuppe Laj. 14996; cuppe, 

kuppe gen. & EX. 2047, 210; cuppe [coppe] 

Ch. C. t. a 134 ; coppe Rob. 117 ; Shor. 

20; Man. (F.) 1364; cuppes (//.) Orm. 

14043; coppis s. s. (Wr.) 1795. 
cup-bord, sb., cupboard, A. P. ii. 1440, 
oop-fiil, sb., cupful, REL. I. 52. 
cop-maker, sb., cup maker, ^ dpharius^ 

voc. 213. 
ouppe-mele, -mftley adv., by cups, Langl. A 

V. 139 
ouppe-sclioten, adj., drunk ['enivrd*], Man. 

(F.) 7560. 
curat, sb., med.Lat. curatus; curate, Ch. C. 

T. A 219. 

curatour, sb., Fr. curateur ; curator, M IRC 860. 
ciire, sb., O.E. cyrt,= M.H.G. kiire m.j from 

oheosen; choice, custom : }ptX wes )>e bezste 

cure Laj. 8077 ; hefde he ))ene cure 9467 ; 

wind god of cure Horn (R.) 1446 ; cire 

HOM. I. 221 ; rigt and kire GEN. & EX. 451 ; 

after londes kire 1693. 
ourOy sb., O.Fr. cure ; cure,*cura,' PR. P. no-, 

Fer. 1062 ; Langl. B prol. 88 ; Ch. C. t. 

BiZZ. 



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146 



eiiren. 



ctLV. 



ettreiiy y,y^ Ger. Idiren; from etbre; select^ 
Kath. (E.) 1870; ioiired (pple.) a. r. 56*. 

oiirin, v., OJ^r. curer, from Lot. curare, mod, 
Eng, cure; take care of ^ curoj PR. P. no; 
oOrede (pret) WiCL. 3 KINGS xviii. 30. 

otirioaitey sb., Fr. curiosity ; curiosity^ Gow. 
III. 383. 

curioiiry see ooriour. 

ouriotui, adj., O.Fr, curious ; curious^ Trev. 
II. 169. 

ofimelt sb., 0,E, cymel ; kernel : ^ne cumel 
HOM. I. 79 ; kumel ^ granum * FRAG. 3 ; kir- 
nel ^granum^ PR. P. 376; * nucleus' voc 
267; kimel [kernel] Langl. J? xi. 353 ; cftr- 
nelM {pi.) La^ 29266 ; l. H. R. 26 ; l. c 
C 25 ; curnles a. r. 260* ; kemeles Man. (F.) 
14682. 

ofirnen, v., ■: Ger, kdmen ; form grain : cume 

Rob. 490; kume [kerne] Langl. Cxiii. 180. 
oturaiiny v., OJ^r. conreer; curty^ ^strigillo^ 

cociodiOy PR. P. 1 10 ; curri [curreij PL. CR. 365. 
ourrOy sb., cf. Swed, kurre, MJ)u. corre; 

cury A. R. 140*; Ch. l. g. w. 396; Lidg. 

M. P. 29 ; kurres (pi:) PL. CR. 644. 
Otbrre, adj., 0.N, kyrr, V\\TTy^M.H.G, kiirre, 

Goth, qairrus ; f quiet, gentle \ kurre A. R. 288*. 
OurrOy sb., O.Fr, curre ; chariot ; cure Jul. 9. 
OurSy sb., O.E. curs ; curse^ rel. I. 129 ; c L. 

1385 ; Ch. C. t. A 661 ; Lidg. m. p. 53 ; curs 

[cors] P. S. 333 (p. 38) ; cors Shor. 106 ; 

Fer. 303. 

oun-ftily adj., accused,VllCL, PROV. xxviii. 9. 
ouTflieily v., O.E, cursian ; curse ; cursi Brd. 

26 ; cursen gen. & ex. 4005 ; cursen [curse] 

Ch. C. t. Z>i624; curse Gow. II. 364; 

ouraeat, kursest (pres) o. & N. 1178 ; kursed 

A. R. 198 ; curseb [corse|>] Langl. ^xv. 166 ; 

oursede {pret,) Sax. chr. 264; rel. II. 

277; ouned (pple.) hom. IL 11; Orm. 

16059 ; icorsed MiRC 1 261 ; comp. aroursieii. 
ourMd-hdde« sb., cursednessy WiCL. Bar. ii. 

33. 
oursedne«M» sb., cursednessy Ch. C. t. G 

IIOI. 

ounnmge, sb., 0,E. cursung ; cursingy HOM. 

I. 205 ; cursinge REL. I. 131 (hom. IL 11) ; 

gen. & EX. 3926 ; corsinge ayenb. 97. 
ourt, sb., O.Fr. curt, cort ; courty Sax. chr. 

266; Hay. 1685; kurtA.R.2io; cort ayenb. 

137 ; curt, court Bek. 165, 747. 
OurteiSy adj.,O.J^r. cortois, courtois ; courteous y 

MISC. i|5; Hay. 2916; Bek. 1190; curteis, 

corteis Will. 194, 231. 
kurteis-liohe, adv., courteously. Will. 873. 
onrteisie, sb., O.Fr. courtoisie ; courtesy. Hay. 

194 ; p. L. s. xxiv. 229 ; Ch. C. t. .^ 46 ; kur- 

teisie A. R. 70. 
oiirtel, sb., O.E.cyntXy'^OM. kyrtill; kirtle, 

tunicy Misa 49 ; Bek. 2361 ; spec. 40 ; anne 

curtel La^ 4993 ; kurtel a. R. 10; kurtel 



Pdrtel] Trey, VII. 355 ; kirtcl Orm, 10137; 
PL. CR. 229 ; Ch. C. t. All^\\ kertd ayenb. 
191 ; s. s. (Web.) 1883; oarUe (dat.) HOM. 
IL 139 ; curtlM (//.) Trey. VII. 401 ; kirt- 
les Orm. 9292 ; kertles ayenb. 267 ; kertkn 
(dat.pl) Mat. vji. 15. 

ourteour, sb., courtier ; kourteour Will. 342. 
ourtilery sb., O.Fr. courtilier (gardenir\\ 
monastery gardener^ rel. IL 277. 
curtiney see oortin, 
OUB, see ooa. 

oiissen, v,, O.E, cyssan,- aJVl kyssa, OJ^ris. 
kessa, O.H,G, cussan ; kiss, A. R. 424 ; c u 
552 ; cusse spec. 38 ; kissin *osculor^ PR. P. 
277 ; kisse M. H. 83 ; Ch. C. t. A 3680 ; kcssc 
Will. 5045 ; Octoy. (W.) 585 ; oub (imper.) 
A.R. 102 ; oiM/b(pret.) La^ 1194; MISC42; 
Horn (L.) 405; kiste gen. & ex. 165a; 
Langl. J7xviiL 420; kesteAYENa 240; cus- 
ten Bek. 288. 

ouMfnge, sb., cf M.H.G. kfissung ; kissingy 
SPEC 70 ; kessinge Fl. & Bl. 513. 
oussuif 3b.y'B OJ/,G, cussin, OJ*'r» cuissin, 
coissin ; cushion; cushin PR. P. iii ; kiiMi- 
nis (pi.) Haluw. 50a 
custe, sb., 0,E. cysty'^ O.Fris. kest, OX.G, 
cust, 0,H.G. cust, chust, Goth, (ga-)kusts/ ; 
from oheoaen ; virtuey quality ; nane coste 
La^ 21498 ; oOste (pi.) rel. I. 178 ; Li^ 
31019; MIS&118; oaste(i^.//.)o.&N.9; 
na non nuste of Baldulfes custe La|. 20324. 
oiistiy adj., O.E, cystig, - 0,H.G. chustig; 
liberaly mumficenty ilLAG. 3; Laj. 6366: 
kisti) Orm. 4698: coinp, mete-oustL 
c&fltineMe, sb., 0,E, cystigness ; liberality f 
HOM. 1. 105. 
oustume, see ooetume* 
cut, sb., loty *sors^ pr. p. hi; Ch. Ct.A 
835 ; kut REL. I. 7. 

outte, sb., M,Du, kutte; pudendum msiliehn\ 
kutte LUD. Coy. 218. 

oattin, v., cuty ^sdndoyseco* PR. P. iii ; kutte 

[* sandere'] WiCL. ley. x. 6 ; cutte [kittc] Ch. 

C. T. C954 ; cotte MiRC 1929 ; kutte (suif.) 

Mand. 49; outte (j^et,) Laj. 8182* ; kutte 

Alis. 2336; kutten (kitten, ketten] Langl. ^ 

vi. 191 ; citte Hay. 942 ; outted (pple,) PL. 

CR. 434 ; PR. c 3715 ; comp, fbr-eotten. 

outteroy sb., cutlery woe 195. 

outtUige, sb., cutting, PR. P. iii. 

outte-pora, sb., cut-purse, pick - pocket, 

Langl. ^vi. 118. 

cutJ, adj., O.E, cu«, - OX.G. cuth, Go^ 

kun|>s, O.H.G. chund, O.N, kunnr; known, 

Laj. 747 ; 5ef \m cneowe ant were cu^ (ac-^ 

quainted) wi^ ^ king Jul. 22 ; cuj> OrM. 

9240 ; MISC. 96 ; in ever euch londe icfa am 

cuj> [cuuH (known) o. & N. 922 ; cou^ BEK. 

1 198; Gow. II. 310; cou)>, kouth Ch. CT. 

J? 942; kouth Lidg. m. p. 25 ; heo beo%... 

al to ku¥e A. R. 204; ])e ouddeBte [cu^tft, 



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o&V* 



ewecohen. 



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caddest] (suferL) Kath. (£.) 831; cmtp. 
tat-, nAme-y un-o&S. 

o&S-lftohen, v^ 0,E. cu^Hscan ; make ac- 
ouazntedyfoumUar; cu^lgchen HOM. II. 45; 
be hine on^kehte La). 17103. 

UCUohunge, sb., acquamtmncei A. R. 68. 

oOS-lieh, 9L6}^fam£l$ar : mid cu^iche [cou|v 
lichc] worden Laj. 19679 ; and cu^iche spc- 
ken 18809; cubli) Orm. 2204; cuthli C M. 
17696 ; cou)>li GAW. 937 ; koufli WiCL. prol. 

I KINGS. 

otitS-Tddne, sh.y /amiliarityt A. R. 168*. 
o&Sen, v., O.E. cy¥an, » O.Fris, ketha, 
OJ^G. cuthian (pret cuthda), Goth, (gasid-) 
kim|>jan, 0,H.u. diunden (pret, kandta, 
chondita); make Mnown, skoWy LA3. 11 57; 
HOM. II. 223 ; ku¥en his stren<^e A. R. 222 ; 
cu^ p. L. s. Yiii. 50 ; rel. I. 183 (MISC. 124); 
cui^ LEG. 38 ; Jos. 484 ; ^t so maoh love 
bim kui^ w(^e c L. 590; ki^en HOM. II. 
139; REL. L 209 (misc. 3) ; ki)»en Orm. 210; 
nfe Will. 1184; Man. (F.) 6690; Perc 
1234 ; ]>e so)> i wille ^ ki|>e Octav. (H.) (kjo ; 
keben Shor. 20; eou})e PU CR. 17; Icdoe 
(pres.) Angl. VII. 220; he cii¥e¥ Marh. 
19; ki|>e [coa)>e] Langl. ^y. 181 ; )m cu)«st 
0. & N. 90; ca))e]> REL. I. 178 (Misa 118); 
ki^^ Orm. 1131 ; his craft he ¥u8 ki¥e^ rel. 
L 211 (misc ^; he cub O. & N. 133; kib 
HOM. IL79; (we) cu¥e« Kaxh. 1348; oUp 
{imper,) MISC 90; cui% HOM. I. 215; kij'e 
{subj.) Ch. C. T. B 636 ? ouSde [cuddfej {pret) 
^-^ 1 5 194 ; cudde 2462 ; cujpeae 4494; cudde 
HOM. 1. 123 ; Kath. 13.54 ; Rob. 56; c l. 756 ; 
muchele luve he us cudde P. L. s. viii. 97; 
kidde GEN. & EX. 1651 ; p. s. 342 ; Lidg. 
M. p. 125 : kidde )»at he was hende Trist. 
2415; kcdde Shor. 48; cuddest Jul. 62; 
kiddcsi Orm. 17822 ; kidden [kidde] Langl. 
^T. 440; ki|>ed ifple.) Orm. 16979; cud 
Kath. 814; kud Fer. 1401 ; kid Gow. II. 
299 ; Man. (F^ 1621 ; it was ful l«ude kid 
Hav. 1060; of alle^kudde & ku^ sunnen 
a. R. 342 ; comp. ^e-oSSen. 
eta, adj., O.E. cfS'igy^ O.H.G. kundig, 0,N. 
knnnigr; knowings fanUUarx cu^ie meyes 
Xai. 5098. 

cfiWte [cu>>e], sb., O.K. cy^, cy^u, O.H.G. 
chondida, M.H.G, kiinde; kitk^ kindred^ 
native country ^ La). 2435 ; his cu)>)>e and 




... -ii'jH 

\x\t ANT. Arth. xii; fro ki)»e and kinne 

Gow. II. 267.; o6Sen, che^n (//.) HOM. I. 

230, 235 ; conip. un-caSSe. 
kij>)>e*l^ wAy., familiarly, Orm. 16532. 
euTeiten, v., O.Fr, cuveiter ; covet, a. r. 60 

[v. r.jimi] ; coveite Gow. II. 136 ; ooTeite}> 

\pres,) Rob, 306. 
ouTeitisey sb., OJFr, coveitise; covetousness\ 

coveidse spec 49; avenb. 137. 

L 



cuyeit^ adj., OJ^r, coveitiis; covetous \ 

coveitm Fl. & Bl. 367; c^reitous s. s. 

(Web*> 1591 ; covaitous ayenb. 80 ; covetous 

Man. (F.) 4529. 
ouyel, sb., fcf, M.H,G. kiibel; basket; coul 

^cupa, tina* PR. P. 97; E. G. 382; in lepes 

& m ooufles (pL) so muche viss hii ssolde 

him bringe ROB. 265^ 
ouvel-0taf, sh., pole J9r carrying two-handled 

vessels, GEN. & EX. 3710. 
cuvele, sb., 0,E. cnfle, cf, OJ^. kufl m., 

M.Du. covele, oovk /, kovel m,j cowl; 

kuvele a. r. 10 ; ane cole [covele] La^ 17698 ; 

covele Bek. 2228; under covele and cope 

Shor. iio; cuvel, covel Hav. 768, 2904; 

coule (ms. cowle) »R. P. 97. 
ow4kien, v., O.E, cwacian; guake, tremble, 

Marh. 19 ; a. r. 116 ;: qvakien [cwakie] La). 

17915 ; qvakie Misc 193 ; A. D. 241 ; ? hwa- 

kien HOM. I. 143.; whakin, qvakin PR. P. 

S23; qwake, whake PR. C 5411, 7343; 

cfwOKBdm ipret) Jul. 21 ; qvakede Hickes 

1. 228 ; Rob. 24 ; Octov. (W.) 1713 ; qvakide 

WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvaked LANGL. 

J9xviii. 246; qvdk Ch. C. T. w4 1576; qvoc 

M. H. 9 ; Man. (H.) 292. 
qv^Udnge, sb., 0,E. cwacung; quaking, 

Roa 336 ; WiCL. Mk. xvi. 8. 
ow&le,sb., O.E, cw2X\x,^O.L.G., O.H.G. qvala, 

O.N. kv5l ; from ow61en ; decUh, slaughter : 

)ef hine to cwale for us alle hom. I. 121 ; 

qvale com on orve La). 31809. 
qv^e-hUs* sb., torture-chamber, La^ 727. 
qvtte-nS, sb., mortality, La). 3190a 
owalm, sb., O.N. cwealm, cv/eXm,^ O.L.G. 

Svalm, O.H.G. qvalm,,chvalm ;from ow6I«n ; 
eath, slaughter J torture ; (printed cwalm) 

H. M^ 29 ; cwalm, cvalm, qvafm o. & N. 11 57, 

1 199; qvalm Rob. 252; rel. II. 244; p. s. 

342 ; c M. 4721 ; yt qvakn muchele ^ wes 

on moncunne Laj. 31877 ; qvelm P. L. s. iv. 

9; owalme (dot.) hom. 1. 115 ; qvalme Ch. 

C. T. A 201^; cwalmes. (pi.) Lk, xxi. 11 ; 

comp. man-, orf-owalm. 
owabof^tbi, sb., torture-chamber, Kath. 

600; A. R. 140. 
owalm-eteou, sb., O.E. cwealmstow ; place 

of execution, A. R. 106 ; owaXm-stdwe (dot.), 

HOM. I. 283. 
owarteme, sb., O.E. cweartern; prison. 

Mat. ▼.25; Kath. 670; Orm. 6168; qvart- 

eme La^. 19293; hom. II. 213; qvarteme 

(pi.) Sax. chr. 262. 
[ow&tien, v., cf. M.H.G. qvazen; satiate; 

comp. over-qvatien.] 
owdvien, v., tremble, Marh. 48*; qvavin 

Uremo* PR. P. 419; qvdvide (pret.) WiCL. i 

KINGS xxviii. 5 ; qvaved Langl. J? xviii. 61. 
owecohen, v., O.E. cweccan, = M.Du. qvicken ; 

twitch, shake; qvecchen mid hafde La|. 

25844; qvecdien [cwecche] to cuchene 

Jigitized by VjOOQIC 



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jowecohen. 



owome. 



3316; qveche Alis. 4747; qyicchin ^ moveo^ 
PR. P, 421 ; qva^te (pre/.) Fer. 607 ; {)at ba 
eor¥e ^^aen qvehte [cwehte] Laj. 201 41 ; he 
qveite toward \>e qvene WILL. 4344; heo 
qvehten [cwehten] heore scafte$ La). 23907 ; 
comp. a-eweoehen. 
^wed, adj., c/, 0,E, cwed (dung\ Blickl. 
GLOSSES, = 6^./>w. a vad, M.Du, qvaed, M,H. 
G, qvat, kat, kot \badj dung)] ^ad\ cved 
La^. 29600; qved o. & N. 1137; ROB. 414; 
Alis. 1243; p« s. 256; he dude more qved 
CHR. II. 443 ; bai ^ghte to do him qved 
IsuM.6xi; kved, kvead AYENB. 11, 14; qvead 
Shor, 147 ; qvad gen. & ex. 536 ; Gow. II. 
346 ; J>e qvedfi Rob. 314 ; Mirc 1658 ; J)ene 
qvede MisC. 44 ; he de% al to cweade A. R. 
73 ; qvecle (//.) P. L. S. iv. 31 j qvade jere 
Ch. C. t. B 1628. 
kvead-hede, sb., = 0,Fris. qvaedheed ; ^ad- 

' ftesSi AYENB. lOl. 

qved-lio, adj., dadfy, PS. xvii. 22*; kvead- 
Jiche AYgENB.8; cwcdl\(sparingty) HOM.I.269. 
kveadnesse, sb., iniquity^ ayenb. 10. 
qved-sohipe [owedsipe], sb., evil^ La^. 
5066; cweadschipe A. R. 310. 

oweise, sb., 0,N. kveisa, cf, M,L.G, qvese ; 
ulcer^ A. ^, 328. 

ow^len, v., 0,E. cwelan,« O.Z.(7. qvelan, 

OM»G, chelan ; diej be tormented; cw^latS 

(^res.) HOM. I. I II ; qv61e (subj,) REL. I. 174 ; 

(MISC. 112); qvelen (pret.) Laj. 31826; 

deriv, cw&le, owalni, owuld. 

[cwelle, sb., killer; comp, man«cweUe.] 

cwellen, v., 0,E, cwellan,= az.6^. qvellian, 
O.H.G, qvellen, chellen, 0,N, kveija ; from 
cwale ; mad, Eng, quell ; kill^ torture ; (ms, 
cwellenn, /rxW/^^/ cwellen) Orm. 1843; qvel- 
len [cwelle] LA5. 644; qvellin ^suffoco' 
PR. P. 419; cwelle r. s. v. (misc. 168); ne 
mai him no feond cwelle S. A. L. 153; qvelle 
JROB. 10; Bek. 767; Will. 1246; Lidg. 
M. p. 109; M. H. 96; Egl. 521; the dokes 
criden as men wolde hem qvelle Ch. C. t. B 
4580; and with here axes out the braines 
qvelle (knock) Tro. iv. 46; qvelde (pret.) 
Horn (L.) 988; cwalden Orm. 15526; 

. qvalden [cwelden] La^. 1752 ; qvolde misc. 
92; cwelled (pple.) hom. I. 279; qvelled 
Gaw. 1324; iqvald [icwelled] Laj. 10928; 
comp, a^owellen. 

ewellere, sb., O.^". cwellere ; killer, MK.vi. 
27 ; Marh. 22 ; qvellere WiCL. ToB. iii. 9 ; 
qveller M. H. 40 ; comp, man-qvellere. 
qveUing, sb., killing, Rob. 296. 

owellen, \,y=M,Du,y 0,H,G, qvellen ; spring 
Up as a well : fe welle . , , J»et ahie wai kvel)> 
(/ ms, kvel3) ayenb. 248. 

cwelm, see owalm. 

owelmen, v., 0,E, cwelman, <:wylroan, = O. 
L,G, qvelmian; from cwalm; kill-, qvelm(e) 
I* Irucident*] ps. xxxvi. 14 



owemOy adj., O.E, (ge)cweme, ^ 0,H,G, (bi-) 
qvam ; from cumen ; convenient^ agreeable, 
Orm. 466 ; qveme Hay. 393 ; Gaw. 2109 ; 
TowNL. 2 ; hit wes him swi¥e qveme LA3. 
2427 ; qweme c. L. 500; D. Troy 633 ; wheme 
Flor, 145 ; qvemere (compar,) hom. II. 63 ; 
qvemest (superlat,) H. M. 11; GEN. & EX. 
3764 ; comp, ^e-oweme. 

cweme, sb., f pleasure ; to cweme hom. 1. 23 ; 
almahti^ god to cweme Orm. 1661 ; j«n 
folke to qveme [cweme] La^. 347 ; to qveme 
c. L. 1018; Will. 3404; Man. (F.) 7390; 
to qveme [qweme] P. S. 325 (P. 9). 
qveme-fUl, adj. [^placabilis% WiCL. EXOD. 
xxxii. 12 ; qvemfull(e) qveene ALlS.'(Sk.) 582. 

cwemen, v., O.E, cweman ; please, hom. I. 
247 ; H. M. 5 ; R. s. V. (misc. 184) ; hu )»u 
miht drihtin cwemen Orm. 1217 ; cweme 
La5. 13486*; qvemen Misa 185; Rich. 
3432; qveme o. & N. 209; Greg. 258; 
Gow. I, 166; PS. cxiv. 9; Man. (H.) 286; 
qvemin PR. P. 420; kveme ayenb. 26: 
oweme'S (pres,) ; servises inedde ne cweme^ 
nout ure loverde ^ coacta servitia deo non 
placent^ A. R. 338; owdmde (pret,) FRAG. 
8 ; cwenmide Orm. 2595 ; comp, ^e-owemen. 
ewemnesse, sb., O.E. cwemness ; pleasure, 
HOM. I. 213 ; qvemnesse II. 55. 

cwen, sb., 0,E. cwen, cwene, cf OJ^. kvan, 
kona, O.L.G. qvan, qvena, O.H.G. qvena, 
Goth, qens, qino (yvi^^), mod,Eng. quean and 
queen; woman; queen, Marh. 19; Orm. 
2159; qven Trist. 1193; qven, qvene [cwene] 
La^. 182, 3729, 25843; qven, qvene Misc 
195, 196 ; kven, kvene ayenb. 80, 130 ; qwen 
[qwean], qwene C L. 881, 1192 ; qwen, qwene 
LUD. Gov, 80, 215; cwene a. r. 170, 296; 
kwene HOM. 1. 193; qvene R. S i. (misc. 156); 
Fl. & Bl. 818; Shor. 131; Rob. 26; Ch. 
C. T. B 161 ; qwene PR. a 4461 ; qviene S, 
A. L. 154 ; qv§ne (gen^ ROB. 26; qvene red 
REL. 182 (misc. 122); qvene (dot.) LA5. 140; 
Tor. 766 ; qvSne (pi.) La^. 24713. 

cwenchen, v., O.E. (a-)cwencan; quench; 
qvenchen HOM. 1. 175 ; rel. I. 132 ; qvenche 
Shor. 19 ; ayenb. 204 ; Trev. 1. 187 ; Lidg. 
M. p. 151 ; cwenken Orm. 1191; qvenoheJ> 
(pres.) TREAT. 136; cwendhtQ (pret.) JUL, 
68 ; ])at fur qveinte an on P. L. s. xv. 204 ; 
qvenehed (pple.) MAND.70; qvenchid WiCL. 
Mk. ix. 44; cwenked Orm. 4417; qveint 
Gow. II. 20i; Langl. ^xviii. 344; CH. 
C. T. A 2321 ; ikvenct ayenb. 186 ; iqveint 
Mirc 1194; comp, a-owenchen. 
qvenohinge, sb., quenching, extinction, 
TREAT. 135 ; qvenching MISC. 7. 

cwerkin, v.,= 0,Fris. qverka, 0,N. kyrkja; 
choke, strangle, * suffoco^ ; qverkin PR. P. 430^ 

oweme, sb., O.E. cweom, cwym, = 0.iVlkvem, 
O.L.G. qvern, O.H.G. qvirn, churhe, Goth. 
qaimus; quern, hand-mill; qveme ^mola\ 
PR. P. 420; P. L. 3, xix. 233; AYENB. xSl,; 



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oweme. 



d&dOr 



149 



Ch. h. p. 1798 ; WiCL. EX. xi. 15 ; qvemea 
(//.) Trev. III. 391 ; comp, pepir-qweme. 
cweom-Bton, sb., 0,F, cweomstan; mill' 
stone, FRAG. 4 ; qwemston VOC. 233. 
cwesseD, see qvasohen. 
cw68en,v., 0,E, cw^a.TL,= O.L.G, qvethan, 
qvedan, O.N, kve^ 0,Fris. qvetha, qveda, 
OJI.G, qvedan, ch vedan, chedan, Goth. qij>an ; 
speak, say. Mat. iv. 17; cwe))en HOM. I. 37; 
qve^n II. 29; GEN. & EX. 3525; ow6oe 
(pres,) HOM. I. 99 ; Kath. 869 ; i qve|)e him 
qvite R. R. 6999 ; & cwe¥e^ )>e al cwite H. M. 
41; cwebe^, cweS HOM. I. 31, 113; qve^ 
HOM. II. 5; (we) cwe¥a^ HOM. I. 113; 
qv6Sende {Pple.) REL. I. 129; cwe^inde 
HOM. I. 99; qwething LUD. Cov. 362; 
cwa)> (firet.) quoth Orm. 5214 ; qva)) Will. 
251; Trist. 607; PL. GR. 98; qva^, qvad 
GEN. & EX. 755, 2881 ; qva)) Langl. C iv. 490 ; 
cwa^, cwaj», qua]>, qvad, qve)> O. & N. 117, 
187, 1186 ; qva¥, qvdS [cwa))] LA5. 696, 6203 ; 
qva)>, qve)) Misc 40, 86 ; cwe^ Kath. 379 ; 
A. R. 122; cwe^, qvo^ Marh. 4,22; qvath, 
qvoth, qvodh, qvod, hwat H AV. 6oi5, 909, 1650, 
1800, 1888; qvo)) [qvod] Ch. C. T. ^788; 
qvod Gow. I. 47 ; s. s. (Wr.) 668 ; co{) ant. 
Arth. xxxvii ; hio cwSSen [O, E, cwae- 
don] (//.) John i. 22; cwejjen hom. I. 5; 
cwe¥en Kath. 134; cwe^en, Pcweden Jul. 
26, 27 ; qve¥en Laj. 893 ; qve|)en misc. 146 ; 
qvo^n GEN. & EX. 3267; qv^Sen \p.E, 
cweden] {pple) gen. & EX. 1496; comp, 
a-, bi-, for-, 50-, mifl-cw6Sen ; deriv, owlde, 
owiste. 

cwic, adj., 0,E, cwic, cwyc, cxlc,=0,L.G, qvic, 
OM. kvikr, kykr, 0.n,G. qvech, chech, 
Goth, qius (accus. qivana), mod,Eng, quick ; 
Aw«^, Kath. 1890; Orm. 1370; qvic [cwic] 
Laj. 22; slou to fi^te & qvic to fle ROB. 
455; qvic, qvik Hav. 1405, 2210; WILL. 
1212, 1564; qvik CHRON. E. 762 ; CH. C. T. 
i4ioi5; qvik o{)er ded Bek. 1822; qvik 
water WiCL. GEN. xxvi. 19; kvic, qvic 
AVKNB. 67, 205; cjwik PR. C. 6390; qvek 
M. H. 26; qvik, whik PR. P. 421, 524; whik 
M. T. 156; TOWNL. 163; ())at) cwuce bread 
HOM. I. 241 ; nowiht owikeB {gen.) nothing 
alive A. R. 334; nawiht qvikes Laj. 25758; 
elc bing cuces HOM. I. 225 ; bi mine qvike 
[cwike] live La^. 14595; f^ andswarede ^e 
Jong qviokore (dot. fern.) stefne 16874 ; inid 
qvickere [cwickere] stevene 15873; cwike 
(pi) Jul. 62; cwike briddes Kath. 64; 
cwike & grene boshes Orm. 10002 ; demen 
. . . cwike & deade HOM. I. 209 ; of qvike 
andof dede Langl. -5xix. 53 ; qvike [cwike] 
(dot. pi.) LA5. 27317 ; qvic eijte Rob. 537 ; 
cwickure (compar.) A. R. 112; cwikest 
(ntpl.) A. R. 112; comp. sftm-oweoo. 
cwic-Uche, adv., quickly^ k.'Sl. 246 ; qvicliche 
[cwicliche] LA5. 4697 ; qvic-, qvikliche Will. 
908, 2127 ; qvikliche ALIS. 2607 ; owioluker 
(compar.) A. R. 270. 



qvik-mire, sb., quickmire, PL. CR. 226. 
owicnesse, sb., quifkness, a. R. 150; qvik- 
nesse PR. P. 421. 
qvlk-Bilver, sb., O.E. cwicseolfor; quick- 
silver, Ch. C. t. A 629 ; Mand. 52. 

cwidden, v., O.E. cwiddian, cf. O.N. kvi^ja, 
O.H.G. qvettan, chvettan ; say, Orm. 19358 ; 
cwiddest (pres.) Kath. 2172; ase hire 
nome cwidde^ A. R. 174; qviddie^ LA5. 
25325 ; qviddejj MISC. 85 ; owiddeden (pret.) 
Orm. 8013; qviddeden (sec. text cwiddede) 
LA3. 13775; cwidded (pple.) Orm. 282; 
icwiddet hom. I. 261. 

owide, sb., O.E. cwide, cwyde, = O.L.G., 
O.H.G. qvidi, O.N. kvi^r m.j from ew^Sen ; 
saying; promise; legacy, A. R. 208; jies 
wite^an cwide ... is ifulJed HOM. I. 91 ; ich 
for3ive aelchere widewe hire laverdes qvide 
[cwide] LA3. 14857 ; qvide O. & N. 685 ; qvede 
GEN. & EX. 1463 ; qvethe Gaw. 1150; qvides 
[cwides] (//.) Laj. 9141 ; on ealden cwiden 
Mat. v. 27 ; comp. bi-owide. 
qve)>e-word, sh., promise, ^ legatum,^ PR. P. 
420. 

cwie, sb., O.N. kvlg?i : heifer; qwie ^juvenca^ 
VOC. 218. 
qwie-oalf^ sb., O.N. kvlgpkalfr, prov.Eng, 
why calf ; female calf, ^vitula^ VOC. 219. 

owikieiiy v., O.E. cwidsin, = O.H.G. qvichan, 
chichan ; enliven, make or be lively ; qwiken 
PR. C. 1723 ; qvikin PR. P. 421 ; qvikin [qvikel 
C M. 8622 ; qvikie S. A. L. 1 59 ; qvikie [qvike] 
(pres.) Langl. ^xviii. 344; J)e brond J>e is 
al aqvenched . . . ne qvikel he nevre HOM. I. 
81; qviken HOM. II. 177; owikede (pret.) 
H. M. 43 ; qviked (pple.) Ch. C. t. F 1050 ; 
comp. a-cwikien. 

cwiknen, v., O.N. kvikna ; quicken, give life, 
receive life\ qviknin ^vivifico^ PR. P. 421; 
qvikene WiCL. Lk. xvii. 33.; qvikne (pires.) 
Langl. B xviii. 344* ; a^en qvikenid (7/. r. 
qvikide) [* revixit'] WiCL. gen. xlv. 27*. 

CwistOy sb., O.E. (ge)cwiss, = Goth, (missa-) 
qiss; from ew68enj bequest; qviste Hav. 
219; ^^/«/. bi-qveste. 

cwiver [cover], adj., O.E. cwifer; brisk, 
lively, A. R. 140. 

owuld, sb., O.E. c^yld, cwild m. f. n., cf. 
O.H.G^ qvelida /; from ew61en; death, 
slaughter, ^pestis^ FRAG. 3. 



da, sb., O.E. da ; doe, Iw. 2027 ; do ' dama * 
FRAG. 3 ; Man. (F.) 15749; doo PR. p. 124; 
WiCL. PROV. vi. 5. 

dabbe, sb., stroke, slap, Alis. 2306. 

dabben, v., cf. MJDu. dabben ; slap, strike ; 
dabbe}> (pres.) P. s. 192. 

died, see dead. 

d»de, sb., O.E. dxd^^OX.G. dad, O.N. da^, 



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I50 



6&de. 



[d&h 



Goth, deds, O.H.G. tat/ ; from d5a; deed; 
.dede Laj. 26556; a. r. 62; Orm. 2267; 
Rob. 73 ; pr. c. 2485 ; or he dide ani oJ>er 
dede Hav. 1356; bitvex ham & J>e was mad 
a prive dede Man. (H.) 259; in dede Ch. C. 
T. A6S9; dade hom. II. 187; ddde (//.) 
frag. 2; Brd. 27; dede, deden P. L. s. 
viii. 5, 45 ; dsede, dede, deden [dedes] La^. 
4864, 6564, 141 77 ; dede, dade, deden, dedes 
HOM. II. 9, 15, 131, 222 J daeden Mat. xviii. 
31 ; deden c. L. 938; his uvele deden A. R. 
86 ; mi gode deden SPEC. 99 ; in . . . mine 
deame deades Kath. 575 ; dddan {^en, pi.) 
HOM. I. 117 ; dddan, dede {dot. pi.) hom. I. 
99, 159; deden frag. 7; Laj. 13976; dede 
p. L. s. viii. 2 ; o. & N. 1376 ; comp. elmes-, 
g5d-, harm-y mis-, ofer-, iivel-, irel-dAde. 

dAd-b6te, sb., O.E. dsedbot; atonement, 
reparation for a crime, ORM. 6025 ; )» ded- 
bote HOM. I. 23; penitence )>et is dedbote 
A. R. 348; satisfac(c)ioun dedbote ayenb. 
32 ; deedbote REL. 1 1. 243. 

dflBi, sb., O.E. dxg,^O.L.G. dag, OJ^ris. dei, 
O.N. dagr, Goth, dags, O.H.G. tag ; day. Sax. 
CHR. 260 ; daei, dai La^. 833, 10246 ; de) hom. 
1. 223 ; dei & niht 65 ; dei Kath. 747 ; t5 dai 
to-day, 788; dei A. R. 20; to dai 278; da^ HOM. 
II. 257 ; |)e latste daj (ms. d^j) Orm. 4168; 
godes gast of hefhe com ... an da^ at undern 
time 19458; to daj 5415; daig Mat. vi. 34; 
dai FRAG. 7 ; gen. & ex. 83 ; {ms. day) procl. 
7 ; a dai by day o. & N. 219 ; hit was ne^ 
dai li^t P. L. S. xvii. 277 ; as hi fischede a dai 
bi )>e se P. L. s. XX. 3 ; al dai [O.E. ealne daeg] 
Bek. 1458 ; )>et habbe]> al dai hare e^e to hevene 
AYENB. 75 ; nou a dai Gow. I. 64 ; dttiges, 
daeies [O.E. daegcs] (z^>) Sax. chr. 249, 251 ; 
daei^es La|. 30032 ; dseies [dai3es] and nihtes 
3255 > ^s da^es [daies] hhte 26464 ; delves 
HOM. 1. 97 ; deies & nihtes 7 ; deies A. R. 256 ; 
daies Kath. 1078 ; (ms. dayes) Hav. 2353 ; bi 
daies lihte o. & N. 1431 ; have)> daies kare 
1590; be daeies (for daeie) Sax. chr. 261 ; 
nou a daies Ch. C. t. 6^ 1396 ; da^e, dade, daie 
[O.E. daegel (d€a.) hky 82^ 2775, 4923 ; on his 
daeie [dai^ej 9090 ; aefter his deie [dai^e] 2942 ; 
en Edwardes kinges deje Angl. VII. 220; 
de^e, dei^e, deie, daie hom. I. 99, 191, 229 ; 
dai^e Mk. x. 34 ; deie Jul. 10 ; bi deie A. R. 
32 ; daie Fl. & Bl. 259 ; bi daie O. & N. 241 ; 
dages [O.E. dagas] {pL) Mat. xxviii. 20; 
da^es HOM. I. 11; da^en 119; dashes Orm. 
1902; dajes, daeies, daeies, dawes [da^es, 
daises, daies, dawes] LA5. 11 13, 3895,8724, 
19216; da^en 3615 ; da^es, daies ayenb. 198, 
214; dages, daies rel. I. 225, 226; daies, 
dahes Kath. 1562, 1844; daies misc. 28; 
Will. 3843 ; Wicl. John xi. 6 ; daies, dawes 
Brd. 5,6; daiges gen.& EX.2455; dawes a.r. 
70 ; dawes MISC. 38 ; Hav. 2344 ; Alis. 1436 ; 
Gow. II. 113 ; Launf. i ; daeges leechd. III. 
84 ; deades frag. 5 ; daije [O.E. daga] (gen. 
pi.) Mat. xxiv. 29; fifti da^a HOM. 1. ^y\ 



da^ene, dawene LA^.361 5,4605 ; twenti dahefle 
gong Kath. 2502 ; da^en Shor. 126; dagon 
Xdat.pl.) Lk. iv. 25 ; dagen Mat. ii. i ; da^en 
HOM. I. II ; an his da^en La^. 10932 ; after his 
da3en 19848 ; o |K>n dawen 1284 ; dagen HOM. 

II. 47; daghen MISC 35; on |>an daegen 
leechd. III. 84 ; dawen Aus. 5631 ; of dage 
brogten GEN. & EX. 3545 ; bi olde dawe Misc 
47 ; P. L. S. xiil 19 ; J>at he had brojt of dawe 
Fer. 2143 ; mani a bold bum was sone broujt 
of dawe Will. 3817; comp. dga)'-, Saster-, 
ende-, 36!-, hfili-, lif-, love-, mease-, reate-, 
Bomer-, wft-d»i (dei, dai). 

daies Si3e, sb., daisy, Alis. 7511 ; daies ie 
Ch. C, T. a 332 ; daies cjes SPEC 43. 

dflBi-hwam-lio, adj., O.E. daeghwamlic ; 
daily; ore daihwamliche bred HOM. II. 27; 
heore da^whamlike swine Orm. 6238; del* 
hwamliohe (adv.) hom. I. 17. 

dai-li, adj., O.E. daegllc; daily, A. P. i. 
313. 

dai-liht, sb., O.E. daegleoht ; daylight, La^. 

III. 89; T0WNL.2. 

daig-r§d, sb., O.E. daeg-, daegerSd, -ned,- 
M.Du. dagheraed; dawn, John viii. 3; R.S. 
iv.i(Misc. 162). 

dai^-rewe, sb., dawn, HOM. II. 255 ; daiiewe 
O. & N. 328* ; daierewe Misc. 163 ; dairawe 
A. P. ii. 893 ; Alex. 392. 

dai-rieme, sb., O.E. daegrima; daybreak, 
^aurora,' REL. I. 130 (HOM. II. 167) ; dairim 
O. & N. 328 ; dflsirime (dat.) Sax. chr. 249. 

da^-sang, sb., day-singing \ wid da^sangft 
wid uhtensang Orm. 6358. 

dai-spring, sb., day-spring, Alis. 4290. 

dai-steorre, sb., O.E. daegsteorra ; day-star, 
o. & N. 328 ; daisterre Wicl. Job xxxviii. 32. 

d»l, d&l, sb., O.E. dael m., dai n., cf. O.L.G., 
O.Fris. del m. n., 0,N. deili n., Goth, dails/, 
O.H.G. teil m. n., mod.Eng. deal ; p<irt,portion\ 
J)e moare dael of heom procl. 2 ; iwhilc dael 
Orm. 1722 ; del 27 1 5 ; muchel dael of his ctinne 
La^. 9436 ; )>at beste del [deal] 2951 ; mesten 
dael (f ms. dai) [del] alle nearly all 2153; 
muche deal golaes 6079 ; nenne dai (f for dael) 
John xiii. 8; del Shor. 145 ; Langl. Bjs. 
480; Amad. (R.) xiv ; |>ane del hom. I. 229; 
be meste del A. R. 330 ; ))ct feirest del 276 ; 
)>at beste del hom. II. 143 ; sum del 0.& N.870; 
mi song were ispild ech del 1027 ; sum del 
GEN. & EX. 353 ; Bek. 688 ; ha was sum del 
offruht Kath. 668; mesten del Marh. 17; 
il(c) del Hav. 818; bat ober del Brd. 3; )« 
furbe del Will. 1284; deel Trev. I. 153; 
))e ne)> grat del ine his kende ayenb. 17 ; ecbe 
daies dol 112; hi nolden )>er of makie nones 
cunnes dol misc. 50; he haefde to daeie ^t 
su^nd La^ 2111; him bat lond to dale 
com 21 17; from })e o))er dele of Engelond 
Trev. II. 85; d&les (pi) frag, i; daeies, 
daies Mat. ii. 22, xvi. 13 ; deles, doles ayenb. 



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6M. 



oaigening. 



i5r 



'17; he a fif daele [deale] daelde his ferde La^ 
21125 ; dAle (gen,pL) frag, i ; comp, after-, 
fi>r-9 ^-» CNT-, td-dAl (-dAl, -ddl) ; see also 
diUe. 

d&l-neomindey sb., O.E. dskieomende ; 
sharer^ HOM. 1. 47. 

ddlen, v., 0.E, daelan,« OJL.^;. delian, a/m. 
dela, O.N. deila, (;<;M. dailjan, a^^.a teilan, 
motUEng. deal; dividiy skare, Orm. 6175; 
heo wolden al ^is lond daelen [deale] heom bi- 
twenen LA3 4053 ; to daelen and to dihten ]»is 
kinelond 23627 ; ^r heo gunnen dselen isepa- 
rate) 18897 ; nu wit scullen delen {fight cUfout) 
)»ene das¥ of mire majen 26041 ; heo gunnen 
delen (fight) 30417; J)et idh mote delen 
(take part) ine ham A. R. 28 ; dealen lif & 
soak 224; to dealen his feder chetel to 
neodful(l)e 224 ; delen Misc. 49 ; to delen j^t 
uvel from j« gode c L. 139; to delen with 
swich poraiile Ch. C. T. -<4 247 ; dele AYENR 
76 ; s. s. ( Wr.) 3442 ; PR. c 3460 ; dele, deale 
a & N. 954 ; hi dfiletS (pres.) FRAG. 6 ; J>ei 
dde)» Langl. i? x. 28 ; )« womman bat ^e with 
delen {cohabit) B vii. 90 ; on four doles delen 
bc^ ger gen. & ex. 151 ; ddl {imper.) GEN. 
& EX. 3239; dele^ elmesse ^date ele{ey 
mosynam' HOM. 1. 1 1 1 ; Jiet ¥u ne ddle {subj.) 
(share) noht per inne 67 ; dfilde {pret.) Laj. 
21 126; delde Bek. 1191 ; delden hom. I.91 ; 
dfiled {pple.) Orm. 598 ; deled Rob. 33 ; 
bHR. £. 370 ; )»is ^ing was deled and dijt so 
hem ^u^ best Ar. & Mer. 5349 ; comp. bi-, 
)e-» td-dfilen. 

dSlftre, sb., O.E. dxlere ; divider, *partitor, 
distributor,* PR. P. 117 ; FRAG. 2. 
dilende, sb.^ O.E. d^lend (Lk. xii. 14) ; 
partneri non to him ne come ne delende 
nere of his eadinesse hom. 1. 217. 
dSIinge, sb., = O.H.G. teilunga ; dealings 
partiUon,division,yViJSSA.2i^T\ [^distribution] 
WiCL. num. xxxvi. 4 ; comp, td-ddling€u 

dA|>, see ddaS. 

daffe, sb., fool, idiot, PR. P. iii ; deffe 116 ; 
P. s. 328 ; Langl. A'uiig; Ch. C. t. A 4208. 

[daffen, v., render fiwUsh j comp. bi-da£fen.] 

daft, adj., O.E. (ge-)daBft, mod.Eng. deft, daft ; 
mid, gentle; stupid \ doumb and daft Map 
343; dafte Orm. 2175; Chest. 1. 134; deft 
* (h)ebes' PR. P. 1 16 ; &t defte meiden rel. I. 
209 ; comp, )e-daft 
dafte-l^o, sh,, gentleness, Orm. 2188. 
dafte-like, adv., meekly, becomingly, Orm. 
1215 ; deftli LAI LE FR. 360. 

[daftij, adj., cf. L,Ger,, Du, deftig.] 
daftt3-like, sb., decently, Orm. 1 592 1. 

dl^,J^<fd«L 

di), sb., O.E, dag, 62ih,=M,Du, deegh, 0,N. 
dcigr, Goth, daigs, 0,H,G, teie ; from root of 
Goth, deigan (irXao-o-ciir) ; dou^ ; dah * massa ' 
FRAG. 4; dagh voc. aoi ; doj ayenb. 205 ; 
dogh MiRC 1882 ; doh leechd. III. 88 ; dou 



REL. II. rj7 ; ddirhe {dot,) L. c. C 41 ; comp. 

8tir-d&3. 
ddu-ribbe, sb., baker's scraper, * sarpa, costa 

pasthalis; PR. P. 129 ; VOC (W. W.) 575. 
ddu-trough, -trou, sb., kneading trough; 

PR. P. 129. 
dagen, see di^en. 
dagge, sb., OJ^r. dague ; strip 0/ cloth, ^frac- 

tillus,* PR. P. Ill; DEP. R. iii. 193; highe 

shoos knopped with dagges {pL) R. R. 

7260. 
daggen, v., O.Fr, daguer; tear into rags: 

leet dagge his clo]>es Langl. ^xx. 142; dagges 

{pres,) D. Arth. 2102 ; dagged {ppie.) Ch. C. 

T. 742 1, 
dagging, sb., cu:t of slitting', dagging of 

sheres Ch. C. t, 74 18. 

[daggen, v., P»ddawen ; comp, bi-daggen.] 
dagger, sb., dagger, Ch. C. t. A 392. 
daggered, adj., wearing a dagger: now 

fiwerded, now daggered Mand. 137. 
di^ien, v., 0,E. dagian, = aA': daga, 0,H.G. 

tagen ; fram d»i ; dawn, become day ; (ms, dai- 

)en) [da^e^e] La^. 26940 ; d^en gen. & ex. 

16 ; daiin, dawin PR. P. 1 12 ; dawen spec 96 ; 

S. S. (Web.) 2249 ; dawe WILL. 3261 ; Langl. 

^xviii. 179; dageS {pres,) hom. II. 103; 

dawe% A. R. 352 ; ]>er dawe^ him no dai Ch. 

C. T. A 1676 ; dawe {subj,) p. s. 238 ; da^ede, 

dawede {pret.) Laj. 1694, 8523; dawed 

Degr. 597 ; comp. a-, of-di^en. 
dawunge, sb., 0,E, dsLgnngy^M.H.G. tag- 

unge ; dawning, A. R. 20 ; dawinge ROB. 208 ; 

dawing Trev. VIII. 343* ; dagheinge Hamp. 

PS. xlv. 5 ; Ixxiii. 17. 
di^nien, v., fifr da^en; daztm; dawnin 

PR. p. 114. 
daigening, daiening, sb., = Dan., Swed. 

dagning; dawning, GEN. & EX. 77, 3264; 

dawening Alis. 403 ; daweninge Ch. C. t. 

-54372; Trev. II. 9; dauninge PR. P. 115. 
dagoun, sb., piece {of cloth, etc), Ch. C. t. D 

1751. 
dagswaine, sb., blanket ; daggisweine PR. P. 

112; dubblde wi% dagswainnea {pi.) dow- 

blede they seme D. Arth. 3610. 
dah, see d&^ 
dahet, sb., 0,Fr. dahait, deshet ; misfortune ; 

dahet [v, r. dehaet] habbe ^at ilke best . . . 

^t fule)> his owe nest O, 8c N. 99; da))et 

(f printed dayet) Man. (H.) 143 ; dafeit S. S. 

2395 ; da)>et (inter;,), woe to, evil befall. Am. 

& Amil. 1569 ; Trist. 1875 ; daj)eit Hav. 300, 

926 ; dait JUL.' 202 ; dai )>at P. L. s. xix. 357. 
daheS, sb., from da^en ; t dawn ; euch 

daheoes {gen.) dei every day at dawn Jul. 7. 
dai, daig, see d»i. 
daierie, see ddierie. 
daigening, see under da^en* dainen, see 

deinen. 



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dalCt 



daschen. 



dale, sb., O.E, dale, dolc,=(9.A^. dallrf; pin^ 
brooch^ * (spi)nter,* FRAG. 2 ; dalke jfirmor- 
culum, monile cath. 89 ; dole sor and blein 
GEN. & EX. 3027. 

4ale,sb., O.EA^,cf.O,L,G,,Goth.^\ OJI.G. 
tal «., 0,N. dalr m,; dale^ valley^ Orm. 9203 ; 
Rob. 362 ; Langl. A prol. 15 ; pr. c. 1044; 
fat dale LA5. 27166; d41e (dot.) o. & N. i ; 
GEN. & EX. 19 ; Alis. 2550 ; diUes (//.) Laj. 
20860 ; Map 348 ; deales a. R. 282 ; d41en 
(dat.pL) La^. 21775. 

dale, sh,f= M.L.G, dele, GofA, daila (/mcTo^^), 
0,H,G, teila, mod,Eng, dole ; division^ part \ 
ane dale HOM. I. 123; KATH.99; ne schaltu 
habben . . . dale of heovene riche Marh. 22 ; 

te feorj>e dale Orm. 8273 ; ne scalt j>u naever 
alden dale of mine lande La^. 3084; ]>a 

feor¥e dale 331 1 ; ane daele (/yi^r dale) 17754; 

dole GEN. & EX. 152; c. L. 291 ; A. p. i. 136; 

}>eos laste dole A. R. 412 ; heo eoden to )>aere 

dale I-A3. 19666; dolen (//.) A. R. 10; see 

d£L 
dali, sb., ? OJFr. daille ; die, ' tessera, alea, PR. 

p. 112. 
daliance [daliaunce], sb., dalliance, Ch. C. 

T. ^ 211 ; daliaunce Gaw. 1012. 
&eMea,v,j dally, pla^ \ dali Gaw. 1253; daile 

Man. (H.) 116; disours dalie Aus. 6991; 

dailieden (pret,) Gaw. 1114. 
dalke, sb., fdim, o/d6lQ ; little dale, ' vallis,* 

PR. P. 112; REL. II. 78; dalk PR. C 6447. 
dalke, see dale, 
dalle, sb., modMal. doll; hand', put furthe 

fi dalle TowNL. 118. 
dalmatik, adj., 0,Fr, dalmatique. Lot, dal- 

matica ; dalmatic, PR. P. 112 ; voc. 249. 
dam, sb., 0,N, damr,= O.Fris. dam, dom, 

M,H,G, tarn ; dam, * ag^er' PR. P. 1 1 3 ; * stag- 

num * voc 239 ; PS. cvi. 35*. 
dam% sb., 0,Fr, dam, dan, dans. Lot, dominus; 

sir {prefixed to names), Hav. 2468 ; J)is boc is 

dan Michelis ayenb. i ; be ersebisshop of 

Anxus, danz Guard Man. (H.) 147. 
damage, sb., 0,Fr, damage; damage, Alis. 

959 ; Trev. II. 391 ; Man. (F.) 4552. 
damaging, sb., damage, injury : withoute 

damagingue LEG. 45. 
damasin, sb., damson {plum), pr. p. 113; 

voc 192 ; damisina {pi,) wiche withe )ier 

taste delite Lidg. m. p. 15. 
ddme, sb., O.Fr, dame ; dame, lady, Kath. 

211 1; A. R. 230; R. s. vii; Mand. 302; 

Perc 336. 
damesele, sb., 0,Fr, damisele, dameisele; 

damsel, Horn. (L.) 1169; damisele Will. 

401. 
damnable, adj., Fr, damnable; condemnable; 

dampnable Shor. 152. 
damnacioun, sb., Fr. damnation ; damnation, 

Ch. a. b. c 23. 



damnen, v., Fr, danmer; condemn*, damfli 

AYENB. 137. 
dampen, v., drown, suffocate ; damped {pple) 

A. P. ii. 989. 

dan, see dam^ ddne, see d6ne. 
danger, sb., 0,Fr. dangier, daunger, modEng, 

danger; control, power; resistance, A. R. 356 ; 

Shor. 162 ; Ch. C. t. A 663 ; now wolde 

God, i had her all wi])oute daunger at my 

wille Gow. II. 40. 
dangerus, adj., 0,Fr. dangereus ; dangerous, 

hard to please, A. R. 108 ; Ch. C. T. B 2129. 
dank, sb., dampness : on J)e danke {dot) of 

{)e dewe many dede liggis D. Arth. 3750. 
dank, adj., damp ; dannke D. Arth. 313. 
danken, v., cf, Swed, danka ; bedew, damp\ 

dankit {pret,) D. Troy 7997. 
danz, see dam. 
daper, adj., f M,Du, dapper {brave), =0, KG, 

tapher {heavy, brave) ; dapper ; dapir * eU* 

gans* PR. P. 113. 
[dappel, ? = 0,N. depill {macula)."] 

dappel-grai, adj., dapple-gray, Ch. C. T. 

B 2074, 
dap, sh,, dace {the fish), Uapitoi voc. 253; 

darce B. B. 156, 174. 
dar ', sb., / O.N. darr {spear) ; dart, ^jaculuml 

VOC 253 ; (voc W.W. 558 reads dart, but 

the index has dar). 
dar, see dear and )>arfl 
darial, sb., 0,Fr, dariole; kind of pastry, 

darials (pL) L. c c 38; with darielles 

endordide D. Arth. 199. 
ddrin, v., "i^L^Ger., Du,, Fris. (be-)darcn; 

lurk, be concealed, *lateo,^ PR. P. 113 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 153; dare SPEC 50; trans. XVIII. 

26; WiCL. Mk. vii, 24; Man. (F.) 5183; 

Gaw. 2258 ; a. p. i. 838; d&cie (pres.) Marh. 

16 ; dare E. T, 553 ; i droupe and dare MiN. 

i. 9 ; dare^ so ge ded were REL. 1. 217 ; and 

dari)> )»er for drede Triam. 321 ; we dearie^ 

Jul. 43 ; deovelen ^at in ham dearie^ [daried] 

Kath. 553; daren ant. Arth. iv ; dare Ch. 

C. T. B129S; dAre {subj\) O. & N. 384; 

dearede (pret.) Kath. 1135; dared Will. 

4055 ; comp. at-d&rien. 
dark, see dearc. 
darnel, sb., Fr. darnel; darnel, Trev. VII. 

525 ; M. H. 145 ; demel WiCL. Mat. xiii. 25, 

29 ; * zizania, lolium ' PR. P. 119; darnels 

(^/.) [z/. r. demeiles, darnels] WiOL. Mat. 

xiii. 30. 
dart, sb., 0,Fr, dart \cfi 0,E, daro¥, 0,N, 

darra^r, O.H.G, tart]; dart, Uelum; PR. P. 

114; Mand. 117; Ch. C. t. A 1564. 
darten, v., cf, 0,Fr, darder ; pierce with a 

dart, H. R. 143. 
daschen, v., cf, Dan. daske, Swed. daska; ?- 

dw§8chen ; dash, rush, strike ; dasche Alis. 

2887; dasche a doun P, L. S. xvii. 366; 



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daschen. 



deaf. 



153 



dagse i^es. pi) Ar. & Mer. 9135 ; da- 
aohande (pple,) A. P. iii. 312 ; dasohte {Pret.) 
Rob. 51 ; dassed Ar. & Mer. 6293 ; dast 9271. 

dasewen, see ddsiii. 

[dasiy adj., ^ Swed. dasig.] 
daai-berd, sb., cf, L,G, dosbart ; simpleton, 
voc 217; dosebeirde, dossiberde Chest. 
11.34, 1. 201. 

dasiiiy v., O.N. dasa {be slug^sh\^M,Du. 
dasen, dwasen (rave, be foolish), 0,E. dwae- 
sigean (be foolish), mod.Eng, dase; grow 
dim, grow dizzy; stupefy, bewilder, * caligo^ 
PR. P. 114 ; dase M. T. 311 ; be ijen schmen 
not dasewe [* non caligabunt*^ WiCL. Is. xxxii. 
3 ; i d&se (pres.) and i dedir Townl. 28 ; )>e 
eijen dasewetz P. R. L. P. 221 ; dasen [dasewen, 
daswen] Ch. C. T. //31 ; (Used (pret.) A. P. 
iii. 383 ; d^sed (pple.) Ch. h. f. 658 ; L. H. R. 
216 ; PR. c. 6647 ; comp. a-d&sen. 
diised-li^ adv., coldly, indifferently: when 
a man God dasedli loves PR. c GLOSS. 289. 
d&sedneSy sb., coldness, indifference, pr« C. 
4904. 

dastard, sb., ffrom O.N. dsestr (weary), 
modEng. dastard ; stupid person ; dastard 
or dullard PR. P. 1 14* 

daswen, see d^sin. 

dite, sb., Fr. date ; date (point of time), Ch. 
C T. c; 1411 ; Man. (F.) 1747. 

d4te, sb., O.Fr. date; date (fruit), ^ dactylus^ 
PR. P. 114 ; ddtes (pi.) Mand. 57. 

di^t, da)>et9 see dahet. 

dau, daw, adj., f melancholy: if god heipe 
amang i mai sit downe daw Townl. 26. 
dan-li, da'^li, adv., f sadly, miserably, D. 
Troy 728, 870. 

dawli-li, 2iAw.,for dawli, D. Troy 5359. 

daubin, v., daub, plaster, ^ limo [flinio], 
muro,' PR. P. 1 14; daauben (pres.) [* liniunv\ 
WiCL. Ez. xiii. 1 1 ; daube (imper.) A. P. ii. 

dauber, sb., dauber, ^ argillarius^ PR. p. 
114; voc 181. 

daubinge, sh., plaster, Langl. Cix. 198. 
daunoe, sb., O.Fr. dance, danse ; dance ; )»ere 
was no dauace Gow. II 1. 291 ; daunse [daunce] 
Ch. C. t. a 476 ; daunoes (pi.) Alis. 6990. 
dauncen [daunsen], v., 0./>-.dancer, danser ; 
dance, Ch. C. t. A 2202; daunce Gow. II. 
95; daunoen (pres.) Alis. 5213; )>o3 j>ou 
daunce A. P. i. 345 ; daunsid (pret.) Rich. 
185; daunsed Gow. 1026; )>ise damseles 
daunsede Langl. Cxxi. 471. 

daimoere, sb., dancer, ^ tripudiator, tri- 
pudiatrix,' PR. P. 114. 

daunoeresse, sb., (female) dancer; daunse- 
resse WiCL. ecclus. ix. 4. 

daandiig, sb., dancing, s. & C. II. xxii ; 
dawncinge, idem est quod dawnce PR. P. 1 14; 
dawnoinge pipe ' carola^ PR. p. 114. 



datmselen, v., fondle, caress, cajole ; daunse- 

led (pple.) Langl. A xi. 30. 
datmseiiy v., fondle, caress (v. r, daunte), 

WiCL. Is. Levi. 12. 
daunty sb., check, stoppage : yt crosses dunt 

^f him a daunt L. H. R. 145. 
daunteiiy v., O.Fr. danter, donter, from Lat. 

domitare ; subdue, tame, Langl. A iii. 268 ; 

daunte WiCL. Mk. v. 4; daunted (pret.) 

Langl. B xv. 393. 
daunten, v., f fondle ; upon )>e knes men shal 

daunte 30U \^ blandientur vohY] WiCL. Is. 

Ixvi. 12 ; daunt LiDG. M. P. 35. 
dawe, sh.,= O.H.G. taha; daw, 'monedula,* 

CATH. 91 ; comp. oft-d&we. 
dawien, see da^ien. dawungOy see under 

dajien. day, see doi. 
de-, prefix, imitating words from O.Fr. with 

de-7^r des-, dis- ; see debreiden, debr6ken. 
de, sb., O.Fr. d6; die (for playing) ; dee Gow. 

II. 209; dee (pi.) AYENB. 45 ; dees Gow. II. 

39; dees [dis] Ch. C. t. C467 ; dise Townl. 

240 ; dise (used as sing.) * alea * VOC. 202 ; 

dice PR. P. 120; dioie (pi.) PR. P. 121. 
dead, adj., O.E. deaid,= O.Fris. dad, dath, 

O.L.G. dod, O.N. dau=Sr, Goth. dauj)s, O. 

H.G. tot; dead, hom. I. 51; A. R. 134; R. 

s. v.; LiDG. M. P. 35 ; dead, dsed LA3. 196, 

2540 ; dead [ded] o. & N. 1619 ; GEN. & EX. 

217, 2493; diad, diead ayenb. 12, 79; after 

)>at he was daed for us Orm. i 1551 ; ded Hav. 

634 ; ded [deed] Ch. C. t. ^ 148 ; ¥e dede se 

GEN. & EX. 750 ; J)e dede slep the sleep of the 

dead Ch. d. Bl. 127 ; J)e dide slep Fl. & 

Bl. 66; )>a brude deade iweard LA5. 294; 

]>as dsedan frag. '5 ; diadne (ace. m.) La^. 

7993 ; d§ade (pi.) Jul. 62 ; hes beo¥ deade 

A. R. 310 ; j>a deden hom. I. 37 ; deden, dede 

[deade] La^. 9279, 22873 1 J^ deade A. R. 390 ; 

wi)> )>e dede Perc. 155 ; deadre (gen.) manne 

[* mortuorum*] Mat. xxii. 32; comp. sftm- 

ded. 
dead-lio, adj., O.E. dead-, dea^lrc,=0./f. 

G. tod-, totlih; deadly, deathly, mortal, 

HOM. I. 223; deadlich Kath. 1104; a. r. 

206 ; diadlich Misc 27 ; a dedlich mon 

MISC. 46; dea^lic HOM. I. 221; deadliche 

senne Shor. 99 ; deadliche ifoan procl. 6 ; 

tine daedliche ivan Laj. 8550; deadli 
deedli] WiCL. ESTH. xiii. 2; dedli Gow. 
I. 355; Langl. ^xiv. 78; dddliohe (adv.) 
Marh. 22 ; he zene^ejj diadliche ayenb. 86. 
deadlicnesse, sb., O.E. deadllcness; 
deadliness, A. R. 382. 

dede-stoure, sb., death- throe, PR. a 1820. 
deaden, see deden. 

deaf, adj. & sb., O.E. deaf, = O.Fris. daf, 
O.L.G. dof, O.N. daufr, Goth, daubs, O.H.G. 
toub ; deaf, Marh. 20 ; diaf AYENB. i ; daef 
Orm. 9887 ; def Map 335 ; def [deef J Ch. 
C. T. -4 446 ; deef PR. c 782 ; Lidg. m. p. 



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ddaf. 



ddaxL 



189 ; LUD. Cov. 254; dSave (//.) Marh. 6; 
deve HOM. II. 129 ; defe [deve] Langl. B xix. 
126; (J)c) deave Kath. 1061. 

def-li, adv., dea/fy^ TOWNL. 100. 

dSfitieSy sb., deafness^ ' surditas* VOC. 224. 
dea^, sb., 0,E, deag, deah ; dye^ colour \ d$he 

(dat,) Misa 193. 
dea^n, v., 0,E, deagan (pret, d€og), deagian 
(MONE 356); dye\ deie [die] Ch. C. T. 
^'725 (Wr. 1 1037); diin Uingo' PR. P. 124; 
dipd [idljed] {fpU.) Trev. II. 331. 

ddier, [diere], sb., dyer, Ch. C. t. A 362 
(364) ; dihjeres (//.) E. G. 359. 

diestere, sb., dyer^ LEG. 40. 
deahy v., 0,E, deah. deag, = OJL,G, dog, 
Goth, daug (o-vfi^epct), O.H,G, toug {pret- 
pres,) ; is powerful j isbefittingipportet) ; deah, 
deh Kath. 1446, 1853 ; deh Marh. i ; deih 
HOM. I. 302 ; ^t ou me deih A. R. 420 ; Thc- 
baid nouht ne deih Man. (H.) 133 ; ^at ^ing 
^t noht ne daeh Orm. 4872 ; hwile }>ine dages 
dugen REL. I. 184; deriv, diQen, du^eoe, 
duhti^. 

deaknOy see diaone. deal, see dAL 
deale, interj. \Stratm, regards this as imper, 

of dfilen ; others compare 0,Fr. deu le set 

{God knows)], t expressing wonder : lo, deaie, 

hwat he sei% a. r. 362 ; 286 ; o, dele, \\s is 

a fole Briton Man. (H.) 167. 
dear, v., O.E, dearr, dear, = <7.Z.Cr. (gi-)dar, 

Goth, dars, O.H,G, (ge-)tar, (pret.-pres^; dare, 

HOM. I. 187 ; dar Marh. 16 ; Orm. 10659 ; 

o. & N. mo; h. h. 142; p. s. 324 ; ayenb. 

32; Will. 564; Langl. ^xv. 108; Mand. 

249 ; SACR. 3 16 ; der HOM. I. 27 ; Laj. 6639 ; 

A. R. 206 ; Shor. 5 ; derst, daerst, darst La^. 

20375, 24779, 24785 ; derst HOM. I. 27 ; Jul. 

47 ; darst Orm. 561 5 ; o. & N. 853 ; a L. io8i ; 

hou ]>erstou . . . nemne his name Brd. 27 ; 

durren (pi,) Jul. 42 ; ne durren [dorren] heo 

me abiden La^. 15063; durre Alis. 13 14; men 

durre (f/or )>urve) selde here orf in hous a 

wintre bringe Rob. 43 ; dorren, dorre ayenb. 

22, 78 ; doren P. S. 325 ; WiCL. gen. xliv. 26 ; 

dur Mand. 271 ; dur [dore] Ch. C. t. G 661 ; 

we ne bore abide nojt Bek. 1375 ; durre 

(sul^j.) Laj. 24783 ; o. & N. 1706; dorre Rob. 

112 ; durren A. R. 128 ; deriv. durren, dur- 

8ti3. 
dearo, adj., 0,E, deorc ; dark, gr. 26 ; dare, 

dorc Jul. 30, 31 ; derk Uenebrosus, obscurus * 

PR. P. 1 19 ; Rob. 560 ; c l. 71 ; Gow. II. 120 ; 

Mand. 237 ; lud. Cov. 21 ; deorc Lk. xi. 34 ; 

FRAG. 5 ; deork BEK. 141 1 ; dorc HOM. 1. 253 ; 

durk TREAT. 134 ; p. L. S. ii. 43 ; dirk ant. 

Arth. vi ; Lidg. m. p. 144 ; darke nijt P. 57 ; 

dorcke nibt (r. niht) LA3. 7563*; derker 

(compar,) LANGL. ^ x. 182 ; darkest (superl.) 

Marh. 8. 
deork-hgde, sb., obscurity, Halliw. 298; 

derkhede LEG. 86 ; durchede Brd. 2. 



derk-liohe, adv., O.E, deorcltce; darklf, 
Langl. (Wr.) 6363. 

derkneeae, sb., darkness, Langl. B xvi. 85 ; 
Ch. C.t.A 145 1. 

dearky sb., darkness; derk, Will. 1285; 
Alis;^ (Sk.) 714; bi }« derke Horn (L.) 
1431. 

derk-ftil, adj., O.E. deorcfuU; dark ['tene- 
brosus '], WiCL, Lk. xi. 34. 

dearkieiiy v., f O.E. (a-)deorcian ; make 
dark; lurk in the dark: derkin *obscuro* 
PR. P. 119; derken Ch. Boet. i. 4 (20); i 
durk(e) and dare C. m. 25432; derkede (pret.) 
b. disc 1379 ; ]»e child . . . darked in his den 
Will. 17; derked (pple.) Gow. III. 307; 
derkid WiCL. 3 KINGS xviii. 45 ; dirkid LiDG. 
M. P. 138 ; idurked Bek. 1414. 

dearkiiieii,'v.,=a^.6^. tarchnen {conceal); 
darken, grow dark ; durcnin HOM. I. 259* ; 
darkne)? {pres.) rel. I. 241 ; dirkins ant. 
Arth. v ; diironinde {pple.) Kath. 2049*. 

deamOy see derne. 

deaSy sb., O.E, dea!i^,^ O.Fris. dath, dad, 
OJL.G. d6)>, dod, Goth. dau)>us, OJ/.G. tod, 
c/. 0.N, dau^i; death, Kath. 1127; deaf, diaf 
Shor. 25, 28; dia]» avenb. 12; diath misc. 
27; die^ P. L. s. viii. 93; dea¥, dc^ dae* 
[deaf, de)>] Laj. 284, 2587, 20677 ; deb [deeth] 
Ch. C. t. a 964 ; daejj Orm. 17450 ; dcth, dcd 
PR. p. J15 ; dead gen. & ex. 508 ; ded Hav^ 
1687; MiRC 247; Iw. 1262; PR. c. 815; 
ddaSes {gen) Kath. 1 143; dea^s swot A. 
R« no; jive^ dea¥es dunt 274; dea^ {in 
death) o. & N. 1632 ; dea))es drench deadly 
potion AYENB. 130; de¥es dom sentence of 
death HOM. I. 279 ; de]>es wonde ROB. 49 ; 
de]>es wounde Fer. 851 ; dijws wundc Horn 
(L.)64o; hure de]>es stounde (= Ger. ire todes- 
stunde), 953 ; dae))es pine Orm. 1381 ; ddatSe 
{dot.) HOM. II. 97 ; Crist aras of dea¥e HOM. 
I. 91 ; )>a ]>e fader wes on dea¥e La^ 318 ; 
efter his dea^ A. R. 314 ; deabe [de]>e] O. & N. 
1617 ; diafe ayenb. 7 ; di{)e Horn (L.) 58. 
d§)>-dai» sb., O.E. dea^aeg; decUh-day, 
Langl. iii. 104. 

dfi)>-8hildi;, adj., O.E. dea^scyldig ; worthy 
of death, Orm. 10436. 

d£'S8hildi3nease, sb., worthiness of death, 
Orm. 10430. 

dda}>-8i|>, sb., death, La). 6348*. 
de)>-)>rdwe, sb., death-throe, P. L. S. xv. 
192; dedthrawc D. Arth. 1150. 
deaS-iivel, sb., fatal sickness, a. R. 314; 
de)»uvei Bek. 2211 ; deethevel Trev. VIII. 9. 

deaUy sb., O.E, deaw, }^O.Fris. dau {dot. 
dawe), O.H.G. i^M,tOM, C^JV.dSgg; dew-, deau, 
diau AYENB. 136, 144 ; daw {ffor deaw) HOM. 
I. 233; daew Orm. 13865; dew GEN. & EX. 
3325 ; deu TREAT. 137 ; Map 347 ; spec 72 ; 
m. h. 26; ]>ene deu hom. 1. 159; deu) II. 256; 
diwes (gen.) gen. & ex. 3327 ; dewes dropes 



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dfiau. 



defaute. 



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SPBC 114 (a. D. 179); d«W6 (da^,) TREAT. I37; 

ddow66 (//.) SPEC. 44 ; comp. mil-ddu. 
dea-lAppe» sb., c/. Dan, d5glaep ; dew-lap^ 

^palear* PR. P. 120; voc. 221; dftulappes 

(pi.) Paluiv. 711. 
dSu-water, sb., cf, M.H,G, touwazzer ; dew 

water', rein water o^r deu water hom. 11. 151. 
deayen, v., 0,E, (a-)deafian,=aFw. dava, 

cf. OJV. deyfa ; from d$af ; deafeity^row deaf, 

make deaf \ deve Gaw. 1286; him deave^ 

)tt aeren frag. 5 ; ddvid (pple.) lud. Cov. 

348 ; comf. a-ddaven. 
deawen, v., O.E, deawian, cf, M,Du, danwen, 

0,H,G, touwen (touuen), OM, ddggva ; dew^ 

bedew, dewin ^roro* PR. P. 120; daewen 

Orm. 13848; deweth {imp,) [' roraU*] WiCL. 

Is. xlv. 8. 
debat» sb., OJ^r, dcbat ; debate^ strife^ Will. 

4380; Langl. a v. 181. 
debdte, v., 0,Fr, debatre ; debate, do battle, 

GOW.I.40; debate|> (pres,) 1. 124; debetande 

(pple,) wib himselfe Gaw. 2178; debated 

(pret,) 67. 
debonaire, adj., 0,Fr. de bon aire; meek, 

gentle : bet debonere child . . . cussed ]>e ^erd 

AR. 186; Roa 167; fortune was hem de- 

bonaire Gow. I. 22 ; deboneire Ch. Boet. i. 

5 (22) ; a maiden . . . ful debonere A. P. i. 162. 
debonair-li, adv. : up his look debonairli he 

cast Ch. Tro. ii. 1259; Boet. iv. 3 (122); 

here me debonureli Will. 730. 
debonemesse, sb., mildness: for treuthe 

and debonemesse WiCL. ps. xliv. 5. 
debonairete, sb., meekness \ debonairiete 

Ch. d. bl. 984 ; C. t. / 540 ; «uruh his debon- 

crte A R. 390 ; debonerte A. P. iii. 418. 
de-breiden, v., tear apart ; debreidlnge 

[v, r, to breidinge] (ppfe,) WiCL. Mk. i. 26 ; 

IX.25. 

de-far^ken, v., cf broken, debrlse; break 

asunder; debr^kinge (pple.) WiCL. Mk. i. 26; 

debrdken (pple.) WiCL.?Ez. xxxi. 15. 
debrisey v., OJ*'r. debrisier, debruisier; break 

in pieces, WiCL. £z. xxxiv. 27 ; debruaede 

(pret,) L. H. R. 4a 
deoasy sb., cf oas; decay^ ruim, Gow. I. 

32. 
deceit, sb., deceit,TREV. II. 391 ; deceite Ch. 

C. t. G 1367. 
deoeiyable, adj., 0,Fk decevable ; deceptive, 

Gow. I. 233 ; the juge was made favourable, 

thus was the lawe deceivable I.216; R. R.4836; 

desaivabel and trecherous PR. C 4231. 
deoeivanoey sb., 0,Fr, decevance ; deception : 

here of a desceivaunce ]>ei conseild him to 

do Man. (H.) 133 ; desceivance 195. 
deoeiyaimty adj., deceitful \ ne be nought 

deceivaunt Gow. I. 82, 222. 
deceive, v., O.Fr. decevoir ; deceive, Ch. C. 

T.C918 ; deceivi ayenb. 82. 



deoeiTar, sb., deceiver^ ^fraudator* PR. p. 

115. 
deoembre, sb., O.Fr. decembre; December^ 

Rob. 441 ; december Gow. III. 236. 
deoepoioun, sb., 0,Fr. deception ; deception^ 

LiDG. M. P. 76, 260. 
deoea, sb., 0,Fr. deces, from Lot. decessos ; 

decease, Man. (F.) 5352. 
deoimaoioun, sb., LcU, decimatio; paying 

tithes, LiDG. M. P. 135. 
deoiple, see disciple, 
deolaraoioun, sb.. Lot. declaratio ; declctra- 

Hon, Trev. I. 243. 
deolftren, v., O.Fr, declarer; declare, Ch. C. t. 

.43002; dedftrlnge (pple.) Ch. Boet. i. i (5). 
deolin, sb., O.Fr. decUn ; decline, decc^, P. s. 

154. 
deoline, v., OFr, decliner; decline, A. P. i. 

333 ; jif )>ou canst decline ))ilke tweie names 

and speke Latin Trev. I. ^27 ; wi)) heed de- 

dlinid (pple,) lowe LiDG. m Haluw. 295. 
deooooioun, sb., Fr, decoction ; decoction : 

the coke bi mesour sesonith his potages by 

decoccioune to take their avauntages LiDG. 

M. P. 82. 
deooUaoioun, sb., med,Lat, decollatio; be- 
heading: of the decollacioun of Saint John 

Trev. V. 49. 
deodpen, v., 0,Fr, decoper ; cut, slash ; with 

shoon deooped (pple,) R. R. 842. 
deoourren, v., 0,Fr, decoire, decourre ; f de^ 

pari from ; of pride the parchemin deoour- 

reth (pres,) Langl. (W.) 9302 [decorreth 

^xiv. 19^3]. 
deore, sb., 0,Fr. decrd; decree, Ch. C. t. 

^640. 
decrees, sb., 0,Fr. decreis ; decrease, Gow. 

IIL 154. 
ded, see ddad and ddaV, 
dede, see dAde. 
deden, v., 0,E. dedan, dydan (kill),^O.H,G. 

toden, Goth, dau^jan (kill) ; cf 0,H.G. toden 

(die); become dead: Jjkb olde tre bigan to dede 

S. S. (Wr.) 623 ; deadid [dedid] (pple.) Wicu 

I KINGS XXV. 37 ; comp. a-ddden. 
dederen, see dideren. 
deduit, 0,Fr, deduit; amusement, leg. 6; 

Ch. C. t. -4 2177; dedut Brd. 2; Will. 

4998; seedSiX. 
deef, def, see dea£ 
def&ce, v., deface, Ch. C. t. ^ 510; de- 

fl^U^ed (pple.) ayenb. 191. 
def&den, v., fade away ; difTade P. L. s. xxx. 

8 ; es my face defi&dide (pple.) D. Arth. 3305. 
defidled, pple., O.Fr. dcfaillir ; grown feeble, 

weak : recreid and defailed ayenb. 33. 
deflaute, sb., 0,Fr. defaute; default, fault, 

want, Rob. 2 ; ayenb. 73 ; defaut Man. (F.) 

51 13; i hungered and had defaute of mete 



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defaute. 



deignoiis. 



1>R. C. 6190 ; defaulte Gow. II. 145 ; defiBiutes 

(//.) A. R. 136 ; defau^tes Trev. I. 9. 
defkut-l§8, adj., without defect^ faultless : 

^t any man might ordaine defautles PR. C 

8699. 
defauten, v., cf. It, difaltare ; want : greetlich 

thei defjGtuten (pres,) WiCL. JUDG. viii. 5; 

de&utide (pret.) WiCL. num. xi. 33, 
defiauting, sb,, /at'lure, WiCL. WISD. xi. 5. 
defautdfy adj., faultyy defective^ WiCL. ex. 

vi. 12*. 
defende, v., 0,Fr, defendre; defend^ Man. 

(F.) 14636; defendi ayenb. 157; we de- 

fende|> {pres.) Rob. 198; defendide (pret,) 

WiCL. JUDG. XV. I. 

defendour, sb.,*0./r. defendeour; defendery 

PR. p. 115 ; defender Rob. 198. 
defensable, adj., & sb., 0,Fr, defensable; 

defensible : in hillis and moost defensable 

piacis WiCL. JUDG. vi. 2 ; hii hulde hem 

there defensables (//.) to libbe oJ>er to 

deie Rob. 549. 
defense, sb., 0,Fr, defense; defence^ Rob. 

253. 
defensiiiy v., Lat, defensare ; defend^ PR. P. 

115. 
defensioun, sb., 0,Fr» defension, Lat, de- 

fensio ; prohibition : domes of defensioun 

WiCL. ECCLUS. xlviii. 7. 
defensour, sb., protector \ yow be my de- 

fensour sac 854. 
deffe, see da£fe. 
defi)§ted, pple., enfeebled; J)ou languissed 

and art deffeted for talent and desiir of fi 

raj)er fortune Ch. Boet. ii. i (30) ; defet Tro. 

V. 627. 
defibrmeiiy v., fashiony engrave i ministra- 

cioun of deeth defformid \Pple,) by lettris in 

stones WiCL. 2 CoR. iiL 7. 
defTiise, sb., f prohibition : fore gret dule of 

deffuse of dedes of armes D. Arth. 255. 

deflaimcey sb., O.Fr, deffiance; defiance^ 

LiDG. M. p. 92. 
defie, v., 0,Fr, de-, desfter; defy^ Man. (F.) 

5975 ; defied {pret,) Langl. ^xx. 65. 
defleiiy v., digest; be digested^ decay ^ Langl. 

A V. 219 ; J>e bodi sal defien Angl. III. 61 ; 

defiin ^ digero^ PR. P. 115; to defie ^ mete 

Trev. IV. 441. 
defloren, v., O.Fr, deflourer; deflower \ \^ 

which book Robert bisshop of Hereforde 

deflorede {pret,) [* defloravit'] Trev. I. 39 ; 

she hadde be defloured {pple) Gow. II. 

322. 
defoil, sb., trampling \ under hors knightes 

defoile Ar. & Mer. 7999 ; defoii 91 91. 
de-foul, sb., dirty filthy Trev. 1. 109 ; defoule 

a. p. iii. 289. 
defoule, v., C>.-Fr. defouler ; tread under foot 'y 



insulty defouly Rob. 57 ; WiCL. PS. cxxxviil 

II ; defoiled(/r^/.) Will. 4614; defouled 

{pple.) ayenb. 167. 
defoiQing^e, sb., treading upon : power of 

defoulinge on serpents WiCL. Lk. x. 19. 
de-foulen^y v., makefouly * inquinoy deturpol 

PR. P. 116; A. p. ii. 1 146; fei schulle)»... 

defoule clerkes and holi places Trev. 1. 129; 

defoule Gow. III. 20; jwre mighte no en\ne 

. . . defoule J>e saule Hamp. tr. 38 ; defouled 

{pple) CH.C.T. 7^1398. 
defoulinge, sb., pollutiony ^ deturpadOy 

maculaciOy PR. P. Ii6; WiCL. JUD. iv. 10; 

men forsakinge the defoulinges {pL) or 

unclennesses of the world 2 Pet. ii. 20. 
defourme, adj., ill formed : other seven oxen 

in as miche defourme and leene WiCL. GEN. 

xlL 19. 
defiraiy sb., O.Fr, defroi; disorderly living: 

thurch mi sinne and mi defrai ich am comen 

to mi last dai Ar. & Mer. 9695. 
defraudeiiy v., 0,Fr. defrauder; defraud; 

defrauds)' (pres,) Langl. ^ viL 71 ; Cx. 64. 
defty see daft, de^, see dot 
de^eUy v., 0,N, deyja,= O.Fris, deja, Goth, 

(af-)^ujan, 0,L.G, dojan, 0,//.G. touwan 

(touuan) ; die, Orm. 8090 ; de^en [dei^en] 

La^. 283, 31796; deigen gen. & ex. 3127; 

deien A- R. 134; Kath, 958; deien Will. 

3353 ; deiin PR. P. 117 ; deje H. H. 54 ; Gaw. 

996; deije Shor. 124; deie Horn (L) 

109 ; L. H. R. 22 ; {ms, deye) Hay. 168 ; Rob. 

494 ; s. & c I. Hi ; deie [die] Ch. C. t. A 1797, 

E 364 ; deghe PR. C 1939 ; di^e [die] Langl. 

A ii. 187 ; dien C L. 218 ; die Mand. 201 ; 

M^. H. 79 ; dffiide, dejede [deide] (pret,) La|. 

4280, 7150; deide Kath. iioi ; Langl. ^xi. 

200; dijede J06. 134; deieden A. R. 301; 

dieden Mand. 286; idSied {pple.) La?. 

3737. 

deg^se, deg^seiiy see disguise ^t^dlsgtiisen. 
degrddeiiy v., 0,Fr. degrader, LcU, degradare; 

degrade, TowNL. 20; degr&ded {pple) 

Trev. V. 35 ; Agaminon degrated of his 

degre D. Troy 12574. 
degre, sb., O, Fr, degre, degret ; dep^eey H. M. 

15 ; Ch. C. t. A 1891 ; degrez (//.) a. r. 

288. 
deh, see dSa^. dei, see doL 
dele, sb., 0,N, deigja ; dairy -maid', {ms. deye) 

PR. P. 116; A- D. 259; Ch. C. t. -^4036; 

{ms. deie) P. s. 327 (p. 15) ; daie rel. I. 129; 

(hom. II. 163). 
deien, see d§a^en and dS^en. 
deierie, sb., dairy y Ch. C. t. A 597 ; deine 

PR. P. 117. 
deification, sb., O.Fr. deification ; deifying, 

apotheosis : the boke of his deification Gow. 

II. 166; deificacion 158. 
deignouSy adj. \^for desdeinous] ; disdainfuly 

Ch. Tro. i. 289 ; ye have to longe be deignous 



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deignous. 



ddme. 



157 



R. R. 353 ; his name was hoote deinous Sirae- 

kin Ch. C, T. a 3941. 
deinen, v., 0,Fr. deigner, from Lot, dignari ; 

deign \ daine|> (pres.) ayenb. i&; deined 

(pret) Langl. ^vi. 310. 
deinte» sb., O.Fr. deint^, deintet (dignity), 

modEng, dainty; dignity, importance, value, 

A.R.412; WiCL. E. w. 220; clo)jes of gret 

deinte Alis. 7070 ; deintee Langl. B xi. 47 ; 

daintc Gaw. 1250; daintethe Townl. 245; 

deinte {pi,) articles of value, dainties, B£|C. 

1202. 

deintd-ftill, 2idj., pleasant, Gow. III. 28, 
dels, sb., OJ^r. deis (tadle) ; dais, Rob. 349 ; 

Shor. 102 ; Launf. 899 ; Ch. C. t. A 370 ; 

des Will. 4312; dees Man. (F.) 9282. 
deite, sb., 0,Fr. deit^; deity, Ch. C. t. F 

1047. 

ddkenOy see diaone. del, see dfiL 
delai, sb., 0,Fr. delai ; delay ^ Rob. 421; 

wiJK)ute deiaie Laj. 17480*. 
deliuen, v., O.Fr, delaier; delay, Rob. 156. 
delaiementy sb., O.Fr, delaiement; delay, 

Gow. II. 9, 297. 
delateiiy v., Zti/.dllatare; stretch out, increase', 

it nedeth nought that i delate (subj) the pris 

Gow. III. 190. 
d^lOy see d&le* 

deleotaciiuiy sb., 0,Fr, delectation; de- 
lectation, s. A. L. 74, 
delen, see ddlen. 
delf; sb., 0,E, delf, dflelf,=J/.Z.(7. delf mr, 

ditch, hole dug in the ground, quarry ; delfe 

(dot.) TowNL. 230; delves \pL) {^ lapici- 

dinis*] WiCL. 2 paral. xxxiv. 11. 
delfen, v., 0,E. delfan,= 0,Fris, delva, OX,G, 
. (be-)delban, O.N,G, (pi-)telpan ; delve, dig, 

hury, Lk. xvi. 3 ; delven (ms. deluen) GEN. & 

EX. 2452 ; Langl. B xix. 359 ; delven [delve] 

diches La^. 9238; delvin PR. p. 118 ; Lidg. 

M. P. 145; delve P. L. S. xii. 144; ayenb. 

108 ; Ch. C. t. a 536 ; delve pittis WiCL. 

GEN. xxvi. 25 ; delfe)> [pres,) Orm. 6485 ; 

delved hom. I. 49; dalfipret,) gen. & EX. 

2718 ; Rob. 131 ; s. s. (Web.) 2419; Shor. 

165 ; dulfen [dolve] Laj. 21998 ; dulven A. R. 

292; dulve Marg. 219; dolven gen. & ex. 

3189; Langl. -^vi. 178; dolve [delveden] 

WiCL. PS. xxi, 17 ; diQve (sudf) A. R. 384 ; 

dolve ayenb. 263; dolven (pple.) Will. 

2630; Mand. 62; R. R. 4070; comp, bi-, 

^, umbe-delven. 
delvere, sb., 0,E, delfere; delver, digger, 

I-angl. a prol. 102. 
delvinge, sb., digging, ^fossurai PR. P. 1 18 ; 

Langl. ^vi. 250. 

dolfln» see dol&i. delful, see under doel. 
deliberen, v., LcU, dellberare ; deliberate, re- 
solve ; for which he gan deliberen for the beste 

CiL TRa iv. 141 ; <Lelibered {pple,) iv. 183. 



deliberacioun, sb., O.Fr, deliberation; der 

liberation : whan i this supplicacion with good 

deliberacioun . . . had after min entente writp 

Gow. III. 352 ; deliberacioun Lidg. m. p. 72. 

delioaoie, sb., med,Lat, delicacia; delicacy, 

luxury, Gow, I. 14; III. 21. 

delicaty adj., Fr, delicat ; delicate, Ch. C, t. 

-5:927. 
delicat-li, adv., luxuriously : ne doth him 

nou^te dine delicatli Langl. -5xiv. 250. 
delice, sb., O.Fr, d^lice from Lat, delicia ; 

pleasure, WiCL. GEN. ii. 8; ROB. 195 ; P. R.L.P. 

248 ; delioes (pi,) A. R. 368; ayenb. 24. 
delioious, adj., O.Fr, delicieus; delicious; 

Gow. III. 24 ; PR. c. 9291 ; LEG. 204. 
delioious-liche, adv., luxuriously : of a 

riche man . . . j>at ladde is liif wel delicious- 

liche LEB. JES. 150. 
dent, sb., O.Fr, dellt; delight, A. R, 102; 

H. M. 3 ; Alis. 2096 ; Ch. C. t. A 335. 
delitable, adj., OJ^r, delitable; delectable, 

Brd. 2 ; WiCL. GEN. iii. 6 ; Ch. Boet. ii. i ; 

PR. c. 5239- places delitables (pi.) Ch. C. 

T. 7^899. 
deliten, v., 0,Fr, deliter; delight, A. R. 52; 

delited (pret.) PR. C. 8336. 
delitinge, sb., pleasure ; delitingiis [later 

ver, deJitingis] (pi.) in thi rijtt bond WiCL. 

PS. XV. 10. 
deliverance, sb., 0,Fr, delivrance; deliver- 
ance, PR. c 3585 ; dellveraunce Trey. II. 291*. 
delivre, adj., 0,Fr, delivre; lively, active, 

P. L. s. xvii. 250 ; delivere Ch. C. t. ^ 84 ; 

deliver Will. 3556; deliver delivered of a 

child X, P. ii. 1084 ; M. H. 168. ' 

deliver-liche, 2Av., promptly. Will. 1245 » 

Ch. Tro. ii. 1086 ; deliverli he dressed up 

Gaw. 2009 ; deliverli r. r. 2283. 
delivemes, sb., suppleness : delivemes and 

bewte of bodi PR. C. 5900. 
delivren, v., O.Fr, delivrer; deliver, p. s. 

216 ; delivere ROB. 93 ; Mand. 2 ; delivere, 

dilivere C L. 11 24; delivrede (pret.) A. R. 

234. 
delle, sb., = M.Du, delle ; dell, valley, rel. 

II. 7 ; dellun (dat.pl.) ant. Arth. iv. 
deluge, sb., O.Fr. deluge, ^^w LcU. diluvium j 

deluge, flood, LiDG. M. P. 251. 
delven, see delfen. 
demaien, see desmaien. 
demaine, sb., O.Fr. demain; domain, de- 
mesne, possession, Gow. III. 349; demeig^e 

[demeine] Ch. C. t. B 3855. 
demande, sb., O.Fr. demande; demand, Rob. 

500; Bek. 817; Ch. C. t. 6^430. 
dome, sb., O.E. dem2i,= O.H.G. tuomo; judge. 

Mat. v. 25 ; Laj. 363 ; Orm. 650 ; o. & n. 

1783; deman, demen (dcU.) Mat. v. 25, 

xxvii. 2 ; demen P. L. s. vii. 48 ; d§men (pi,) 

Mat. xii. 27 ; demen (dat,pl,) Lk. xxL 12. 



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158 



demean* 



ddofeL 



demean, sb., demean&ur: somewhat strange 

and sad of her demeane she is cr. l. 734. 
demeine, six, OJ^r, demeine, from Lot. 

dominium; dominion^ Cu. C. T. ^3855. 
demeiiy v., 0,E, deman, » 0,Fris. dema, 

0,N, doema, Goth, domjan, 0,H,G. tuoman ; 

from d5m; mod,Eng, deem ; judge ^ condemn; 

thinks suppose^ Orm. 652; Mand. 41; )>et 

tu schalt demen \f\ sulven wod A. R. 120; 

and demen {condemn) me to dea^e Jul. 24 ; 

Mat. vii. I ; deman hom. I. 95 ; deme o. & 

N. 188; WiCL. GEN. XV. 14 ; LiDG. M. P. 12 ; 

mi fader of beven has me doun sent to deme 
ioure dedes MIR. PL. i88 ; to demene UOM. I. 
45 ; dSmeS (pres^ Hon. I. 105 ; he dema% 
sti^e dom 95; ddm (imper,) A. R. 12; 
d§mde (pret.) frag. 8; La^. 4936; A. R. 
306 ; Shor. 85 ; demden Katu. 330 ; Hav. 
2820 ; ddmed (pple,) M. H. 7 ; PR. c. 1995 ; 
comp, for-y ^e-ddmen. 

demend, sb., 0,E. demend; judge \ dd- 
inendes(^M.) Hon. II. 171. 

dSmere, sb., O.E. demere; judge^ HOM. I. 
279 ; AYENB. 12 ; demare A. R. 286. 

dSmester [dempster], sb., cf, mod.Eng, 
deemster (in the Isle of Man) ; judge^ c M. 
7005. 

ddminge, sb., judgment^ * judicium,^ PR. p. 
118; in valse d§ndnges (pL) ayenb. 27; 
Man. (H.) 86. 
demdnen, v. OJFr. demener ; behceve^ man- 
age : to demene well his shaft Rich. 455 ; 
demene Gow. I. 196 ; William whiles . . . de- 
m^ned (pret.) hem dou^tih Will. 1222. 
demeoren, v.', OJ^r. demorer, -murer, 
-meurer, mod.Eng, demur; tarry, linger: 
demeore (imp,) ^ \t lengre A. R. 242 ; see 
demiird. 

demer, see dwimer. demure, see demtbre. 
demmen, v., fO,E, (for-)denmian,=0./^rw. 
demma, Goth, (faur-)damjan {dam, stop 
up) ; / meet with a cheeky come to its boundary : 
a mannez dom mi^t dri^li demme, er minde 
mo^t malte in hit mesure A. P. i. 223; 
uche a dale so depe ^at demmed {f pret,) 
at \t brinkez ii. 384. 

demoniak, adj. & sb., Lat, daemoniacus ; 
possessed by a devil : i hold him . , . demoniak 
Ch. C. t. Z>224o; he nas no fool ne no de- 
moniak 7874. 

demoii8traoidn,sb.,Za/. demonstracio ; proof, 
Gow. II. 368 ; demonstratidna {pL) 111. 46. 

demonstratify adj., Fr, d^monstrati^ from 
Lat, demonstratlvus ; irrefragable, incontest- 
able, Ch. C. t. /?2272. 

demonstraunoey sb., OJFr, demonstraunce ; 
show, Lydg. m. p. 60. 

demplen, v., wrangle, dispute: no more of 
)>is to demple, tak )«it ^at je first ches Man. 
(H.) 196. 



demiirey sb., OJ^r, demoere, -meure; demmr^ 

delay, Fl. & Bl. 591 ; demere (H.) ton. 
den, sb., (?.£'.denn {cubile),^Af,Du,den,deaat 

(area, antrum), MJL,G, denne, danne, OJi.G. 

tenni n, (area) ; den, cave, * specus,* PR. P. 1 18 ; 

MISC. 152 ; bet den GR. 24 ; denne ^spelunca* 

voc 241 ; WICL. John xi. 38 ; denne (dot) 

FRAG. 8; La^. 22028; Aus. 5400; Will. 

20 ; AY. Arth. vi. 
ddn, sb., O.Fr. dean, deien, Lat. dedUius; 

dean, P. s. 332 ; deen £. G. 64 ; dines (pi.) 

Langl. ^ii. 150. 
denaien, see H<m«ii. 
d^ne, sb., 0,E. dene m,, denu f ; cf. MJhu 

dan««.; valley,^ vallis,'TVULG.y, ^convallem* 

PS. lix. 8*; A. p. i. 295 ; dane ['vallis'] Lk. 

iii. 5 ; be dene of tieares ayenb. 160: dinaa 

(//.) 59. 
Dene, sb. pL, 0,E. Dene; Danesi Dane 

(gen, pi,) lawe misc. 146. 
dane-geld, sb., Dane-tribute, Man. (H.) 

no. 

Dene-marke [Denemarehe], pr. n., O.E. 

Dena mearc; Denmark, Laj. 4563; Dene- 

maric, Denemarch ROB. 3. 
dene, denien, see dune, dunien. 
denerie, sh,,from den; deanery, pr. p. 118. 
deniin, v., O.Fr, denier; deny, pr. p. 118; 

denie WiCL. Mat. xxvi 34; deni Townl. 

182; denaie Gaw. 1497; deniede (pret,) 

WiCL. GEN. xviii. 15 ; D. Troy 8009; danoiad 

(pple.) Ch. Boet. iii. 10 (ZS). 
denne, see dene, 
dennien, v., shelter cu in a cave or den, lodgei 

wu he dennede (pret.) him in¥atdefte maidni 

REL. 1. 209 (misc. 2) ; |m was . . . dennet 0^) 

in a beastes cribbe HOM. I. 277. 
denoumbren, v., Fr, denombrer; count out; 

tell [*dinumerare*], WiCL. PS. haadx. 11. 
denounce, v., 0,Fr, denoncer, from Lat. dc- 

nunciare ; command, WiCL. 2 Thess. iiL 6. 
Dense, adj., O.E, Denisc; Danish ; Denaoa 

(pi.) Laj. 12854; Denshe Hay. 2575. 
dent, see dunt. 
denten, v., LcU, dentare; indent; cf. O.Fr. 

endenter; ^indento^ PR. p. 118; dent {far 

dented) (pple,) GoL. & Gaw. vi. (65). 
dentinge, sb., morticing: twei dentingis 

(//.) schulen be in the si<tes of a table WiCL. 

EX. xxvi. 17*. 

deofel, sb., O.E. deofol, m. n., Lat. diabolus; 
devil, HOM. I. 21 ; Orm. 671 ; deovel A. R. 
208; deovel [deavel] Laj. 17669; dievel 
AYENB. 15; devel Hay. 446; Will. 1976; 
divel rel. I. 209 (MISC. 2) ; deoflea (gen.) 
P. L. S. viii. 98 ; deovles, deoveles H. M. 17, 
41 ; ddofle (dat,) A. R. 84; dievle Misc. 28; 
ddoflea (pL) P. l. s. viil 49 ; ddofle Mat. ix. 
34; HOM. I. 27; Misc 152; deovlen Jul. 22; 
dievkn ayenb. 86 ; develen Rob. 506 ; ~ 



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ddofel. 



depart. 



159 



{gen, pL) Jul. 38 ; dcovlenc o. & N. 
932; dSoflan»d(e)ovelen (dat.pL) hom. 1. 73, 
103. 

dSofbl-dld, sb. (ms, -jyld), O.E. deofdgild, 
= OX.G. diobolgeld ; tribute to the devily 
HOM. I. 227. 

ddofU-lio, adj., 0,E, deofollic ; devilish : ]« 
deofllche ^tsunge HOM. I. 105. 

dfiolU-Bohin, sb., devilish magic \ deofol- 
■hine (dot,) Orm. 81 10. 

ddTel-hSd, sb., nature of the de^tHl : no dcvd- 
hede i xie habbe in me leb. Jes. 499. 

dSvelneBse. sb. demon : alle goddes of genge 
divelnesaes (pi.) [^damonia^ ere )^ PS. 
xcv. 5. 

deol, see doeL 

deop, adi., 0.E, deop, dIop,= (9.-Fw, diap, 
OX,G. diop, diap, O.N. diupr, Goth, diups, 
O.H.G. tiut; ^i^, A. R. 224; Marh. 15; 
deop [deap] LA^. 647 ; deop, deep Langl. A 
PROU 15; diep AYENB. 264; dep Orm. 
16697 ; Map 335 ; so dep o)) Rob. 233 ; dup 
Fer. 1687; hu deope is ]>e eor^ A. R. 232 ; 

6! deope di^elnesse Orm. 5501 ; a dupe dich 
RB. 27 ; ddoppere (dot./) frag. 8 ; dftope 

(pi.) SPEC 62 ; deopen ( dot. pi.) Laj. 2 i 776 ; 

dd(^»pre (compar.) HOM. 1. 49 ; seoven voten 

deopcre [deoppere) La^. 1^895; deopmre 

[depper] Langl. ^ x. 182 ; clepper Ch. C. t. 

(7250; dappevt (superl.) Trev. I. 45. 

ddope, adv., deeply, H. M. 33 ; deope leared 

Kath. 388 ; deope ib his flesch hi wode Bek. 

2232 ; depe Isered Orm. 7207 ; J^at ^e ne falle 

to depe Shor. 104. 

deop-liohe, adv., O.K. deoplice; deeply, A.R. 

154; swor swi^ deopliche Jul. 13 ; deplike 

Hav. 1417. 

ddopneaae, O.E. deopness ; deepness, hom. 

1.49; diepnesse AYENB. 211; depnisse Kath. 

980; depnesse D. Arth. 746; dSpnesse 

\dat^ LEECHD. III. 84. 
deope, sb., O.E. dyp, dype, cf. Goth, diupet, 

OJi.G. tiufi ; deep, P. L. S. xv. 84 ; depe Ch. 

C.T. A 455 ; on deopan [' in altum^]LK. v. 4 ; 

ine |>e depe Shor. 146. 
deopien, v., c/. Goth, (ga-)diupjan ; deepen, 

penetrate deeply \ ddopeS (pres.) into yi soule 

A. R.288 ; ^ ^ die wes . • . allonge iddoped 

(pL) Laj. 15473. 
deor, sb., O.E. deor, d\or, ^O.Fris. diar, 

OJ^G, dier, OJi. diur, dyr, Goth, dius, 

OJI.G. tior, tier, mod.Eng. deer ; beast; deer: 

)iat deor La). 6495; deor, der Orm. 1177, 

1312; der REL. 1.215; diirMisai99; deorea 

(gen.) A. R. 196; ddore (dot.) HOM. 11. 37; 

d8<» (//.) HOM. 1. 43; 11. 55 ; Laj. 1125; 

Marh. 10; ]ibbe)> al so wilde deor [dor] 

0. & N. 1012 ; duer CHR. E. 30 ; der gen. & 

KX. 178; dSoren [deore] (gen.pl.) La^. 20852; 
. dSoran (dai.pl.) hom. 1. 115 ; deoren Mk. i. 

13; deoren La^ 112&; dere Gaw. 1322. 



dSor-oen, sb., O.E. diorcynn ; race of beasts^ 

HOM. 1. 221. 
ddr-fiJd, sb.| enclosure for deer, Sax. chr, 

249. 

dSor-fHtS» sb., O.E. deorfri*; deer forest^ 

La). I436- 
ddcuTy adj. & adv., O.E. d6or (heavy, severer 

Grein) ; grievous, grievously, nou felc we 

it dere PR. c 1469 ; dfire (pi.) Gaw. 564 ; sor- 

wea^re gen. & ex. 3742 ; dfiirure (C9mpar^ 

Kath. 948. 
deorOy see deare. 
deore, adj., O.E. deore, diore, dyre,««d7./>7>. 

diore, diure, O.L.G. diuri, O.N. dyrr, O.H.G. 

tiuri; dear, precious, noble, beloved, L, R. 

408; deore, dure La^. 143, 3963; deore, 

dere Orm. 2206, 2356 ; (ms. dyere) Lk. vii. 2 ; 

)>ane diere time ayenb^ 36; deere, dere 

Ch. C. t. a 2453 ; dere Mand, 252 ; P. 78 ; 

of dere pris GEN. & ex. 2247 ; what him dere 

^u^t WILL. 1268; )»e cuntre was dere Jos. 

37 ; a dere dai Gaw. 92 ; Arthur be dere 

Perc. 508; of du^ti men and <^ dere AV. 

Arth. 1 ; dure frend Fer. 282 ; duere rel. 

1. no; ddorre (compar^ A. R. 392; derre 

Orm. 1 822 1 ; his ddoreste (superl^ mon 

8975 ; of derrest pris LANGL. ^ii. 13. 
dSore, adv., dearly, A. R. 392 ; deore abo^t 

Bek. 112; diere Angl. 1. 15; dere Hav. 

1637; Rich. 5312; deere Lidg. m. p. 217; 

dere, duere H. H. 59 ; duere P. s. 214 ; ddorre 

(compar.) A. R. 190 ; derrer ayenb. 36 ; heo 

him hadde dSoreat ibo^t (superl.) H. M. 13 ; 

P. L. S. xiii. 136; durest Laj. 3081. 
dSor-liohey adv., O.E. deorllc ; dearty, La^ 

31752; Jul. 76; drinke to him deorh SPEa 

III ; derli WILL. 1421 ; ddorluker (compar.) 

Laj. 30060. 

dSrenesee, sb., deamess, S. S. (Web.) 3144. 
ddor-wurSe, adj., O.E. deorwyr^ ; precious, 

FRAG. 6; deorewur^e Jul. 10; deorewurbe 

Orm. 6689; durewur^ Laj. 16686; derwurfe 

AV. Arth. xxii; derewerjw Fl. & Bl. 289; 

derwor)>e c. L. 27 ; Will. 1538. 

ddorewurS-liohe, adv., preciously, H. M. 

II ; durewur^liche Laj. 15 151. 
deore, sb., cf O.H.G. tiuit ; deamess ; dere 

Hav. 824 : Roa 416; Man. (F.) 16419. 
Deorebi, pr. n., O.E. Deora by ; Derby ^ Misa 

146 ; Derbi RoB. 3. 
deorky see dearc. 
d^rlingy sb., O.E. deorling, dyrling,=:6>.7Vl 

dyrlingr ; from deore ; darling, Laj. 6316; a. 

R. 56; deriing Orm. 9219 ; Wilu 1538 ; PR. 

c. 8791 ; LUD. Gov. 53 ; durling rel. 1. 170 

(misc. 102) ; Brd. 3. 
deome, see dome, 
deovely see ddofeL ddp, see dgop. 
depart, v., O.Fr. despartir, from Lat. dis- 

partire; modEng. depart ; divide^ distribute; 



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%6o 



depart. 



odemo* 



separate {trans, and intrans,) ; depart , WiLt. 
2334; depart! TREAT. 140 ; be Rede see 
. . . departe)> (pres.) )>e soutnside of Inde 
from Ethiopia Trev. I. 63 ; depaxtede 
(pret.^ Bek. 483} Rob. 424; departed 
' CpP^^*) PR- c. 3710. 

departable, adj., separable, distinct: the 
Trinite, thre persones in parcelles departable 
fro other Langl. ^xvii. 26. 

depeinten, v., depict, paint \ depeinted 
(pple,) c. L. 704 ; Will. 3217. 

depen, v., 0,E, depan, = (?.-FrrV. depa, 0,L.G. 
dopean, Goth, daupjan, 0,H,G, toufen; bap- 
tize: depe Shor. ii ; ayenb. 107. 

depict, pple., Z^/.depictus ; depicted, painted : 
a liknesse depict upon a wal Lidg. m. p. 177. 

depdse, v., 0,Fr, deposer ; depose, put down, 
Langl. ^xv. 514. 

depost, sb., 0,Fr, depost ; deposit, WiCL. i 
Tim. vi. 20. 

Deppeford, pr. n., Deptford, Ch. C. t. A 3906. 

depr&ven, v., 0,Fr, depraver; depreciate, 
defame : deprave Langl. B iii. 178 ; de- 
pr&veden {pret.pl.) WiCL. prov. i. 30. 

depresen, v., cf, Lat. depressus y^^w de- 
primere ; depress, vanquish : J>ou con ... fro 
^at mariag al ofer depres A. p. i. yjy ; fat 
prince of pris depresed (pret,) him so ^ikke 
Gaw, 1770; depreced prouinces 5. 

liepreseiiy v., / 0,Fr, despresser ; release : 

. wolde je . . . desprece jour prisoun Gaw. 1218. 

depressioun, sb., O.Fr, depression, y^-^w Lat, 
depressio; depression, Ch. astr. ii. 28(34). 

deprive, v., 0,Fr, depriver ; deprive, A. p. ii. 
185. 

ddp|>e, sh,, from dSop ; cf, 0,N, dypt, M,Du, 
diepte ; depth : derknessis weren on the face of 
ddpthe (dot:) WiCL. gen. i. 2; thei de- 
scendiden into the depthe as a stoon EX, xv. 
5 ; ddpthis (//.) of watris PS. cxlviii. 7. 

deputation, sb., Fr, deputation ; deputation : 
he shall . . . ordeigne his deputation of suche 
juges as ben lemed Gow. III. 178. 

depiiten, v., Lat, deputare ; ascribe : al what 
evere to be deptite (pple,) to the grace of 
God WiCL. Rom. prol. 

der, see dear, der, see d§or. 

derai, sb., OJ^r, desroi ; disorder, tumult, 
Alis. 1 177; derai B. Disc. 386; ant. Arth. 
xl ; disrai Alis. 4353 ; drai MiN. viii. 34. 

deraien, v., 0,Fr, deraier; throw into dis- 
order: he deraied (pret,) him as a devel 
Will. 2061 ; draied 12 10. 

deraine, sb., 0,Fr, deraine, deresn^ : claim : 
this dereine by the barouns is imad Alis. 7353. 

deraine, v., 0,Fr, derainier, -raisnier ; defend 
on^s cause, vindicate a claim, Alis.* (Sk.) 
124 ; deremi Rob. 285 ; dreinen c L. 974, 

46re, sb., 0,E. daru, = M,Du. dare, 4ere, 



M,L,G, dere, 0,H,G, tara; injury, harm, 

GEN. & EX. 3214; FER. 4613; IW. 2577; 

Rich. 1696 ; e. T. 642 ; Egl. 513 ; Townl. 
28 ; fis hete gret dere me doj» LEG. 5, 

dere, see deore. 

derf, adj., 0,E, dearf, 0,N, diarfr, aZ.adervi ; ' 
from derven ; firm, hard, heavy; valiant ; 
Marh. 5 ; Orm. 16780; Gaw. 1492; a. p. ii. 
862 ; for f i derfe dede AV. Arth. liv; derfe (pi) 
Townl. 317 ; derfe dintes Alex. 2091 ; des- 
tines derf(e) 5c dere Gaw. 564; dcrvc (ms, 
derue) misc. 9 (printed deme REL. I. 215); 
derCre, dervre (compar,) Jul. 16, 17; H. M. 
21 *, derveste (superl,) Kath. 565 ; derf(e) 
(adv) m. h. 23 ; comp, un-dert 
derf-lio, adj., cf 0,N, diarfligr ; hard, brave ; 
j)i derfli dede c. M. 1 143 ; derfliohe (adv^ 
ipined A. R. 114; deorflike Orm. 9752; derf- 
like REL. I. 218; derfli ant. Arth. xxiv; A. 
p. iii. 109 ; derffli D. Troy 1339. 
derfhes, sb., cf 0,E, gedeorfnyss ; severity, 
gravity, c M. 3996 ; dervenesse hom. I. 21. 
derf-sohipe, sb., obstinacy, Kath. 978. 

derf, sb., cf, 0,E, gedeorf ; tribulation, afflic- 
tion : nas na man . . . )>at durste him derf 
makien Laj. 10943; vor te drien derf ine godes 
servise A. R. 80; }»e derf of dea^ Kath. 
2426. 

der(f)-ftd, adj., strict, severe. A, R. 348. 
derflPul-liche,adv.,^<w>i/i///K, Kath. 109a 

d^rien, v., 0,E, derian,= 0,L,G, derian, 0, 
Fris. dera, M.Du, deren, daren, 0,H,G, terian, 
terran ; from d6re ; injure, hurt, P. L. s. viii. 
168 ; derian, derien hom. I. 13 ; derie Horn 
(L.) 786 ; AYENB. 126 ; derie Misa 76 ; Shor. 
28 ; Alis. 3657 ; deren hom. II. 73 ; rel. I. 
212; Langl. ^ vii. 50; dere Hay. 488; 
Mand. 13; Ch. C.T.^1822; ps.bcxxviii.23; 
PR.C2290; MiN.i.52; PERC1171; av.Arth. 
iii; d^retS (pres,) misc. 14; j>as twa {»ing 
deria)S oft fan alden hom. 1. 109; derie}» Marg. 
226 : d^rede (pret) Laj. 9657 ; GEN. & EX. 
242; deredest FRAG. 7. 

d^ringe, sb., 0,E, derung; injury, ^ nocu^ 
mentum,' PR. P. 119. 

derk, see dearc. 

deme, adj., 0,E, deme, dyme, dieme, = 0, 
L.G, derm, 0,H,G, tami; dark, secret, hidden, 
retired, Marh. 8; Rob. 289; c u 1030; 
WILL. 860; Langl. ^ii. 175; Gaw. 1012; 
M. H. 166 ; ¥03 he be deme hunte Misa 2 ; 
deme love Ch. C. t. A yrjZ ; bi a deme sti 
I SUM. 40; godes deme runes A. R. 96 ; deme 
stedes ayenb. 143 ; deme, deome LA5. 304, 
13604,13624; deameKATH. 574; daemeORM. 
2004; dume Bek. 23 ; deme (adv,) spec 23 ; 
A. p. ii. 697; luvie deme O. & N. 1357; dieme 
HiCKES 1. 222 (Angl. I. II) ; deme (sb) 0.& 
N. 608 ; in deme [*//i abscondito^] PS. ix. 29; 
AY. Arth. Iii ; let us halde us in deme Degr. 
607; comp,yxDr^ifixn.<^ 



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deme. 



desirous. 



j6i 



deme-liohAy adv^ secretly^ A. R. 146 ; o. & 
N. 1423 ; M. T. 103 ; derneliche [deomeliche] 
Laj. 4392 ; dearndiche Kath. 407 ; dume- 
liche Bek. 27 ; demelike Misa 14 ; demeiike 
and stille an. lit. 5 ; daernelike, -lij Orm. 
^14) 7370; dernli Townl. 141 ; demeluker 
(compar,) A. R. 128. 

deame-sohipe, sb., privity^ A. R. 152*; 
darnsdpe (ffor daem-) Laj. 258. 

demel, see dameL 

demen, v., 0,E, deman, dyrnan, = O.L,G, dei> 
nian, dernean,(9.//.(?. taman ; conceal: dernen, 
daemen, deome, La^. 6660, 18549 ; derni 
Shor. 79 ; dArnden (pret.) Laj. 7694 ; comp. 
bi-dernan. 

demeTy sb., door-head \ deraer [demere] c m. 
6075 ; dimer 6103. 

dersten, see dreste. 

DertemuSey pr. n., Dartmouth^ La). 17B6; 
Dcrtemoufe Ch. C. T. A 389. 

der))e9 see dier)>e. 

derTeii,v.,(9.i^.deorfan(/a^<wr),= d.Z.(7.(fiar-) 
dervan, 0,Fris, (for-)derva, O.N. (for-)diarfa ; 
grieve, cijS^ct, injure^ A. R. 382; C. L. 676; 
to derven mine soule HiCKES I. 227 ; derve 
Jos. 47 ; darveS (pres.) Kath. 1684 ; derve 
(subj.) Marh. 12 ; deride (pret.) Laj. 8731 ; 
camp, ^e-derven ; deriv. dart 

derrenessey s^e derfhes under der£ 

deSy^^^dais, 

desaivabel, see deoeivable^ 

detail, see under diiai. 

desaraien, v., O.Fr, desarroyer; fall into 
disorder-, deaaraied (pret.) Trev. VII. 243. 

deeblamen, v., OJ^r, desblamer; free from 
blame, exonerate \ debl&meth (imper.) Ch. 
TRO.iL 17. 

desoeivaiiiioey see deoeivaaoe. 

deeeenden, v., OF'r, descendre; descend: 
descend Man. (H.) 134 ; de8oende|> (pres.\ 
AYENB. 123 ; Gow. II. 280 ; deaoendid (pret^ 
LiDG. M. P. 79. 

desoenaioun, sb., O.Fr. descension; de- 
scent, Ch. astr, ii. 4 (32) ; discendoun ii. 4 
(33). 

deeoensoriey sb., apparatus for extracting 
oU\ deeoenaoriea (//.) Ch. C. t. (^792. 

deeoenty sb., O.Fr. descente ; descent, lineage, 
Gow. III. 207 ; dissent Lidg. m. p. 2. 

deschargen, disohargen, v., O.Fr. deschar- 
ger; discharge', dischargen Langl. ^xv. 528 ; 
deschargen Cxviii. 231; dischargen Mand. 
302 ; discharge WiCL. J AS. v. 15. 

de-aclandrey sb., OJ^r. esclandre, from Lot. 
scandalum; disgracey BEK. 2061 \ disclaundre 
Ch. Tro. iv. 537. 

de-solandren, v., for sclandren ; disgrace, 
slander : thu deaoUuidreat (pres^ thin owe 
k)verd Bek. 2050 ; diaolaundrid (pret.) Ch. 



C. T. 7623 ; for disobedience diaolaundrid 

(pple.) is perpetualli mi name LiDG. M. P. 143. 
desoolouren, v., O.Fr. descoulourer ; dis^ 

colour; deaeoloured (pple.) Gow. III. 339. 
desoiien, v.,O.Fr, descrier ; describe, ^describo! 

PR. P. 120 ; descrie Egl. 1 177 ; discrighe Alis, 

137; discri Townl. 203; discrieth mas. 

323 ; diaoried [descried] (pple.) Triam. 78 i« 
desoripoioun, sb., O.Fr. description ; descriph 

Hon, Trev. I, 29 ; WiCL. s. w. I. 316 ; de- 
scription Gow. III. 144. 
desonven, v., OJFr. descrivre; describe, drawy 

Ch. Tro. v. 1314 ; descrive Will. 5005 ; Gow» 

I. 264 ; descnfe PR. c. 2304 ; discrive Ocrov. 

(W.) 629 ; diskrive Ch. d. Bl. 915 ; deaorive|> 

(jbres.) AYENB. 168 ; diacriven (f>l.) Langl. 

B xvi. 53 ; deaorived (pret.) Will. 3041 ; 

discrivede WiCL. num. xxxiii. 2 ; deaordved 

[descrived] (pple) Trev. I. 171 ; discrived 

WiCL. Lk. il 1 ; discrived [descrived] WiCL, 

NUM. xi. 26. 
deaoriving, sb., describing, Rob. 60; dis- 

criving WiCL. Lk. ii. 2. 
deaouren, desouvereiiy see diacoveren, 
deseriten, see diaheriten. 
deaerty sb., OJ^r. desert; desert, wilderness^ 

gen. & EX. 1227 ; AYENB. 240 ; deseert WiCL. 

NUM. xiii. I ; desart Mand. 42 ; dezert ayenb. 

131 ; disert Mand. 42 ; diserd gen. & ex, 973 ; 

deaertea (pi.) Mand. 63. 
deaert % sb., OJ^r. desert ; desert, merit, PR. p» 

120 ; WiCL. Job xxi. 4 ; desserte A. P. i. 594 ; 

dissert A. P. lii. 12 ; deaerte (dot) Rob. 253. 
deserveil,v.,(?J^r.deservir; deserve: deservin 

^mereor^ PR. P. 120; diserve Gow. 1.66; des* 

serve Ch. Tro. v. 273 ; disserve Trev. V. 213 ; 

deaerve (pres.) Langl. B xiv. 86 ; diaaerved 

(pret.) A. P. ii. 613 ; deaerveden (pi.) misc. 

225 ; deaerved (pple.) Gow. 1. 29 ; disserved 

Gaw. 452 ; deservet Misc. 225 ; deservid 

Degr. 1131 ; is disservid (well pleased) WiCL. 

Heb. xiii. 16. 

deaervlng, sb., deserving, Ipom. 452. 
deseae, see diaeae. desi, see diiai. 
desirable, adj., O.Fr. desirable, from Lot. 

deslderabilis ; desirable, WiCL. PS. xviii. 10. 
desire, sb., O.Fr. desier ; desire, Gow. I. 65 ; 

desir Ch. C. t. Gtyi', deairea (pi.) Lidg. 

M. p. 187, 221. 

denre-fUl, adj., desirous, WiCL. Dan. x. 3. 
desireny v., O.Fr. desirer; desire, PR. c 8031 ; 

desiri ayenb. 244 ; deairi (pres.) Rob. 309 ; 

desires A. P. ii. 545 ; deairep (pi.) Trev. I. 

137 ; desiren Langl. B ix. 104 ; desire (imp.) 

LiDG. M. P. 187 ; deairede (pret.) Bek. 225 ; 

desuid Lidg. m. p. X09 ; deaired (pple.) Rob. 

253. 

deairinge, sb., desiring, Ipom. 204. 
de^rous, adj., Gow. L 244 ; desirus Ch. C. 

T. A 1674. 



M 



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1 6a 



de-skateren. 



deatmien. 



de-8kateren, v. ; scatter about ; deskatered 

(///-?.) P. s. 337* 
deske, sb., f Du, disch {table) \ see disoh; 

desky pulpit, *pluteum,* PR. P. 120; Uectri" 

num * 299 ; w. & I. 39. 
deslaieiiy v. ; cf, delaien ; hinder ; deslaied 

(pple.) Gow. II. 60, 115. 
desolaoioun, sb., 0,Fr, desolation ; solitude, 

WiCL. Ez. xii. 19* ; LiDG. M. P. 114. 
desolat, adj., desolate, lonely, Ch. Tro. v. 

540 ; desolate Gow. I. 248 ; dissolate Trev. 

III. 181. 
desolaten, v., make desolate ; desolatid {ppie,) 

WiCL. Ez. xii. 19. 
des-ordeinen^ v., deprive of clerical orders : 

if a clerk hadde misdo . . . that me scholde 

him anon desordeinen Bek. 721 ; desordeini 

Rob. 473. 
despeir, sb., = desespeir ; despair, M and. 93; 

in despeire Gow. III. 217 ; dispair Langl. B 

XX. 163 ; in dispaire PR. C. 6293. 
despeirable, adj., hopeless*, [^desperabilis^^ 

WiCL. JER. XV. 18. 
des^iren, v., O.Fr, desperer; despair; 

despeire Gow. I. 272; despeired {pret,) 

WiCL. s. w. III. 135 ; Gow. 1. 318 ; Ch. Tro. 

V. 713; despaired ayenb. 34; dispelred 

ipple,) Gow. I. 281 ; LiDG. M. p. 76. 
desperaoioiiy sb., Zjtt, desperatio; despera- 
tion, Langl. Cxx. 289 ; disperacion misc. 215. 
desperiflohen, see dispereaohen. 
deiperance, sb., 0,Fr, desperance ; despair ; 

desperaunce Ch. C. t. /421 (Pet, ms,) ; Gow. 

II. 119; A. R. 8. 
desperate, see disesperat. 
despers, see dispers. 
despisabil, adj., despicable, Hamp. ps. xlviii. 

19. 
despiseily v., cf, 0,Fr, ^ts^\rt,from LcU, dS- 

spicere ; despise ; despisin PR. P. 120; despise 

MAS. 326 ; despice PR. C. 9426 ; despise PR. C. 

4252; LiDG. M. P. 118; despiseBt (pres.) 

Rob. 31 ; despiseth Langl. B xv. 54 ; de- 
spise (pL) Gow. I. 87 ; dispisen Mand. 

295 ; dispise Langl. 10682 (W.) ; despised 

Cpret.) Trev. I. ii ; despised (pple.) Rich. 

1837; Trev. I. 13. 

despeisere, sb., despiser, D. Arth. 538. 
despising, sb., despising, Trev. III. 287. 
despity sb., O.Fr. 6GS^\X,from Led, despectus, 

mod,Eng, despite; contumely, scorn, spite, 

Rob. 547, 464 ; Will. 3335 ; despite Man. 

(H.) 54 ; Rich. 2177 ; dispit a. p. iii. 50 ; Jos. 

580 ; dispite M. H. 70 ; despites {pi,) S. S. 

(Wr.) 1807 ; dispitis WiCL. Rom. i. 24. 
despitous, adj., spiteful, Ch. C. t. ^ 516, 

D^(i^\ dispitouse Tro. v. 199; dispitous 

Trev. V. 87. 
despitous-liche, adv., scornfully, Trev. III. 

389; despitousli Will. 1136; despitusli 1210; 



dispitousli D. TROY 7650; dispetusli M£D. 

615. 

desplaiexiy see displeien. 
despoilen, v., 0,Fr, despoiller; despoil, take 

away, despoilen [despoiUen] Ch. C.t. ^374; 

dispoili AYENB. 45 ; MED. 61 5; dispuile WlCL. 

I KINGS xxxi. 8; dispuilide {pret,) WiCL. 

I KINGS xviii. 4 ; despuiled {pple) A. R. 

260 ; despuled Ar. & Mer. 1403 ; dispoiled 

Gaw. £6o; dispoilid WiCL. 2 COR. v. 4; 

despuiled Gow. I. 116. 
despoilinge, sb., spoil, Ch. Boet. iv. 7 

(147). 
destancey see distance, 
desten P^'dusten, v.; throw-, ne non harm 

hine do(u)n deste Shor. 52 ; over )>e brigge 

he deste Trist. 2393. 
destdnen, v., 0,Fr, destiner ; destine ; des- 

teined {pple,) D. Troy 2673. 
destining, sb., destiny, Alis. 6866. 
dester, sb., 0,Fr.Atstx%, from Lot, dextera 

(manus) ; right hand : bi stedes )>at )K)a) 

haddest in dester leddes Map 334. 
destinal, adj., pertaining to destiny, CH. 

Boet. iv. 6 (135). 
destinee, sb.. 0,Fr, destinee; destiny; des- 

tinee Langl. B vi. 276 ; destine a. p. i. 757 ; 

iii. 49; Gow. II. 94; destene Will. 315; 

destegne Ch. Tro. iv. 931 ; destinie CH. 

Boet. iv. 6 (135); destenie Trev. V. 237; 

destanee Ch. l. g. w. 952; destanie Trev. 

in. 401. 
destitiitey adj., Lat, destitutus; destitute, 

p. L. s. xxxi. 97 ; LiDG. M. p. 34. 
destrer, sb., O.Fr, destrier; war-horse, B. 

DISC. 569 ; Ch. C. t. B 2103. 
destrucUdn, sb., destruction, Man. (H.) 202 ; 

Gow. II. Z7 ; destructioun s. S. (Web.) 2761 ; 

destruccion PR. C. 4049 ; destruccione PR. P. 

120; destruccioun s.S. (Web.) 393. 
destruien, v., 0,Fr, destruire ; destroy ; de- 

struiie Will. 2929 ; destrui c. M. 22348 ; de- 

strue Rob. 236 ; destroie PR. C 4453 ; destric 

WiCL. Mat. ii. 13; destrei p. L. s. iv. y^; 

distruie WiCL. i Mac ix. 73 ; distroie PR. C 

4472; distrie [destroie] LANGL.^ii. 14; disstrie 

A. P.ii. 907; destruie (5^.) Rob. 46 ; destrait> 

{pres,pl,) AYENB. 35 ; destruide {pret) P. L. S. 

xxiv. 196; destruied Langl. (W.) 1139; des- 

trude Rob. 242 ; destroied Trev. I. 97 ; des- 

triede Rob. 55 ; distruide [distruiede] WiCL. 

Mat. xxii. 7 ; distriede i Mac. ix, 73 ; de- 
struied {pple.) JUDG. vi. 30 ; destruied PR. C 

4073 ; destrued Will. 2646 ; destruit 2847 ; 

destrud ayenb, 30 ; destroied Mand. 95 ; 

destroiid Rich. 1358; destried WiCL. Mat. 

xxiv. 2 ; distrained L. H. R. 33 ; distraied Gow. 

in. 15; distroied LiDG. M. P. 85; distried 

Alis. 130; djsstried a. p. ii. 1159. 
destroiere, sb., destroyer, PR. P. 120; dis- 

triere WiCL. JUD. viii. 25 ; destrieris (pL) 

JUDG. iii. 17. 



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destmien* 

destroiinfiT* sb., desiroyinzx destroienge 
Trkv. III.449. 

determinabley adj., determinable^ A. p. i. 594. 

daterminaty pple., Lat. determmatus ; de- 
terminate^ Ch. ASTR. i. 21 (11), ii. 18 (29). 

determine, v., OJ^r. detenniner; determine, 
LiDG. M. p. 66. 

detracoion, sb., O.Fr. detraccion; detrac- 
tion^ AYENB. 10. 

detractour, sb., O.Fr. detracteor; detrac- 
tor ^ PR. p. 120. 
dette, sb., O.Fr. dette, dete, debte; debty PR, p. 

120; A. R. 126; AYENB. 35. 

dette-leSy adj., free from debt : in honour 

dettles Ch. C. t. A 583. 
dotted, 2i^i.yfrom dette; owed: to whom oni 

thing is detted, ethir owid WiCL. DEUT. xv. 2. 
dettiiry sb., O.Fr. detor, deteur, detteur; 

debtor^ A. R. 312; dettour HOCXX. vi. 7; 

dettours (//.) ayenb. 113. 
deS, see deaV. deu, see ddau and due. 
dens, sb., OJ^r. deus, deu {dieu) ; God, Hav. 

1312; a deu {ms. dew) Townu 94 ; par de 

Ch. C. t. a 1312. 

dente, see duetd. d§vel, see dSofeL 

deyen, see deaven and duven. 

Devene [Devenes], ^x.xi.,^\.,peopleof Devon. 
Laj. 30880. 

Bevene scire, pr. n., O.K. Defena scire; 
Devonshire, LA5. 21015; Devene (printed 
Denene) schire Rob. 5. 

dever, sb., O.Fr. devoir ; duty, Shor. 54 ; 
Will. 474 \ Langl. ^ xii. 2 ; d. Arth. 1940 ; 
E. G. 5. 

devin, devinen, devinoar, see div-*. 

devis, sb., O.Fr. devis, vise, cf. Ital. devisa ; 
device, WiLL. 3222 ; to maken aftur his devis 
LEG. 46 ; at his aun devise C M. 11576. 

deviBemeiity sb., OJ^r. devisement ; descrip- 
tion-, i knew hit bi his devbement in be 
apocalippez a. p. i. 1018. 

deYisen^ v., from Lat. divfsus (ppie.) ; divide : 
fisbuk ... in seven partes devised (^^te.) es 
PR. C 348, 986. 

derisen', v., O.Fr. deviser, devisier; tel/y 
devise, contrive; plan, determine \ devisi 
ayenb. 144, 103 ; nis no nede heore armes 
to devise Alis. 7377 ; devise Gow. I. 31 ; 
device Will. 1602 ; Ch. Tro. iii. 407 ; 
ne devise hi mijte best out of chambre 
wende Bek. 875 ; Trey. I. 293; ordain and 
divise a gene s. s. (Wr.) 2033 ; devisede 
ypret.) Langl. Cxxii.331 ; leg. 46; devised 
\ppu:\ Man. (H.) 24. 
devudnge, sb., describing, Mand. 5. 

devision, see divisian. 

devociun, sb., O.Fr. devocion ; devotion, A. 
R- 286 ; devocion Rob. 330 ; ayenb. 107 ; 
oevocioun p. l. s. xii. 139; pr. c 5906. 

M 



dio. 



163 



devoide, v., O.Fr. desvuidier (d^idery, put 

away, Will. 2044 ; a. p. ii. 908 ; devoided 

(pple.) R. R. 2929. 
devoidinge, sb., putting away : in devoid- 

inge J)e vilanie ))at venkqvist his bewez A. P. 

". 543. 
devors, see divors. 
devdt, adj., O.Fr. devot; devout, a. r, 376: 

devout Rob. 369. 
devote-Hohe, adv., devoutly, Will. 1245 ; 

devouteh'che 2974; devoutliche ayenb. 211; 

devotii P. L. S.XXX.6; A. p. ii. 814; Ch. C. t. 

A 482 ; devoutli Lydg. m. p. 72. 
devouren, v., O.Fr. devorer; devour, Ch. 

C. T. G 21. ' 

devowrar, sb., devourer, ^devorator* pr, 
P. 120. 

devouresse, sh., a frmale devourer: a de- 

vouresse of men WiCL. ex. xxxvi. 13. 
dew, dewen, see ddau, deawen. 
dia, sb., medicine: dragge nor dia was none in 

buri towne LiDG. M. p. 4^ ; with dias ipl.) 

and drogges Langl. Cxxiii. 174. 
diacne, sb., O.Fr. diacne, O.E. diacon ; from 

Lat. diaconus, Gr. diaKovos ; deacon, ayenb. 

190; hom. I. 71, 81; deakne Shor. 51; 

dekenes (//.) WiCL. i Tim. iii. 18. 
diady see dSad. 

diademe, sb., Fr. diademe; diadem, Bek. 

2153; Ch. C.T.i^43. 
diademed, adj., crowned: David shall be 

diademed Langl. A iii. 268. 
dial, sb., dial, PR. p. 120. 

dialatik , sb., Fr. dialectique ; dialectics, lozic, 

WiCL. PREF. EP. vii. 
dialoge, sb., iMt. dialogus, Gr. dtaXoyor; 

prophecy : Daniel in his dialokez (pi.) devised 

A. P. ii. 1157. 

diamaund, sb., Fr. diamant ; diamond, SPEC 

25 ; diamanta (pi,) Ch. C. t. A 2147. 
diapenidion, sb., cf. Fr. p^nide, modEng. 

pennet ; barley sugar, medicated sweetmeat, 

Langl. ^v. 123. 
diaper, sb., O.Fr. diaspre, diapre, medLat, 

diasprus ; diaper (kind of cloth) : towelle of 

diaperi B. b. 129; diaper 268. 
diapred, adj., variegated like diaper : cloth of 

gold diapred wel Ch. C. t. ^2159; dighte 

m diaperde (//.) wedis b. Arth. 3251. 
dia)?, see d§aS. 

^^' ^b ?;^- ^^"^^ "^'f'^ ^ ^-^•^- ^»c» O.Fris. 
ei^,M.H.G. tich m., O.N. dik, diki n.j dike, 
ditch : enne die, ane dich [one dich] hhx. 
646, 6425; ba dich [))e dich] 12570; dich 
A. R. 246; Rob. 86; Brd. 27; ayenb. 57; 
Alis. 6632 ; J)eovene dich {den of thieves) Misa 
39; dik gen. & EX. 281 ; in a dik [dike, diche] 
falle Langl. i?xi. 417; to delven a dich [dichej 
XIX. 359 ; diche Mand. 29 ; diche (dat.) Ch. 
C. T. A 41061 Orf. 347; to >are diche 

Jigitized by VjOOQIC 



i64 



die. 



dihten. 



o. & N. 1239; dike Rich. 6021 ; diohes {pi,) 

Laj. 9238; Rob. 409; dikes Hav. 1923: 

diche P. L. S. viii. 21 ; HOM. I. 163 ; Misa 59. 
cUoen, v., from des, see de ; play with dice; 

cut into cubes \ dicin, or pley with dicis 

^ aleo^ PR. P. 121 ; dicin, as men do brede 

^ quadra^ PR. P. 121. 
dicer, sb., dicer, gambler : she makis disera 

(//.) to selle thare corne and thare catelle 

TOWNL. 243 ; disars 242. 
dicing, sb., dice-playing', at the dising he 

dos us no wrang Townl. 240. 
dioh, see die. 
diotour, sb., f Lat, dictator, ^r«adihtere; 

steward, viceroy, D. Arth. 709. 
dideriziy v., cf. prov,Eng. didder, dither; 

shiver, tremble, ^/rigutio^VK. P. 121 ; dintus 

?:erat him to dedur AV. Arth. xxv ; dedir 
pres.) Townl. 28. 

[didreiiy v., 0,E, dyderian {cheat) ; cf, Dorset 
dial, dather {bewilder) ; camp, bi-didren.] 

dien, see dSa^en and de3en. 

diepy see deep, diere, see d§ore. 

cUer^e, sb., = O.iV. Ayr^,=^0,L,G. diurtha, 
diuritha, 0.//.(^.tiurida; from&%oTe\ dearth', 
dierj>e ayenb. 256 ; derj>e P. s. 323 ; Trev. 
II. 55 ; Langl. -5 vi. 330; Mand. ^Z ; {beauty) 
A. P. i. 99. 

diestere, see under deajen. 

diete, sb., Fr, di^te ; diet, a. R. 112. 

dieten, v., from diete, sb., diet : if thow 
di§te {subj,) thee thus Langl, B vi. 270, 

die9, see deaS. 

diffamacioun, sb., Fr, diframacion,yh?;« Lot, 
diffamatio; cf, mod.Eng. defamation; dis- 
honour : it were a greet diffamacioun for a 
man to use more ringes ))an oon Trev. II. 
313. 

difitoie, def&me, v., O.Fr, defamer ; defame, 
Trev. IV. 97, 99. 

differen, v., 0,Fr, diiferer; defer: differre 
(pres,) [^dtferaf] WiCL. DEUT. vii. 10. 

difference, sb., 0,Fr. differance ; difference, 
AYENB. 10; Trev. V. 401. 

difflculte, sb., 0,Fr. difficult^ ; difficulty, Ch. 
C. T.^2l8. 

diffuse-liy adv., cf Lat, difTusus {adj)', at 
length, in detail : Luk . . . telli^ more diffuseli 
how man stiej> up to God WiCL. S. w. I. 391. 

di^el, adj., 0,E, dygol, dijgol, de^ol, dIegol,= 
0,H,G, tougal ; secret, hidden : m one swife 
di^ele hale o. & N. 2; on diglen {0,E, 
di^luni) \^ in abscondito^l Mat. vi. 4; di^elen 
[dijelej bi haelves Laj. 26935. 
di^el-^liCy adj., 0,E, digoUic ; hidden : (his) 
digeliche, dieliche tocume HOM. II. 5, 7 ; 
di^elliche {cuiv.) FRAG. 8 ; di^elliche & stille 
Laj. 13539. 

di^elnessey sb., 0,E, dygelness; secrecy 
I-A3. 2391 ] dijhelnesse Orm. 5501. 



[di^en, ?A],,^O.H.G, tougan ; secret.^ 
di^en-Iic, adj., secret : mid di^enliche runen 
Laj. 415 ; dijenliche . . . biwitie 6659*, 

di^eiiy see dd^en and deaden. 

digest, sb., med, Lat, digestum ; the Pandects : 
]>e lawes of digest Trev. III. 255. 

digest, adj., Lat, digestus; digested: when 
Phebus entrith in the Ariete, digest humoures 
upward doon hem dresse LiDG. M. P. 195. 

digestible, adj., OJFr. digestible; easy of 
digestion, Ch. C. t. A 439. 

digestioun, sb., OJFr, digestion ; digestion ; 
deer eir and walking maki)> good digestioun 
B. B. 54 ; to digestioun repastis be nat goodc 
LiDG. M. P. 155. 

digestive, sb., 0,Fr, digestif; a help to di- 
gestion: digestives (pi,) Ch. C. t. ^4151. 

digge, sb., duck ; digges (//.) Chest. I. 53 
(MIR. PL. 9) ; L. c. c 9. 

diggin, v., ?=dikin ; dig, ^fodio,^ PR. P. 121 ; 
diggen him up Mand. 107 ; digge Trev. IV, 
329 ; Lido. m. p. 145 ; ston ... to digge Will. 
2243; digge {v.r. delve) pittis WiCL. GEN. 
xxvi. 25 ; digg(e) it up S. S. (Wr.) 651 ; digged 
{pret,) up Langl. ^vi. 109 \A viL 100 
dikeden] ; diggide WiCL. Is. xxxiv. 15 ; deggid 
Lidg. m. p. 113 ; diggiden {pi.) WiCL. NUiL 
xxi. 18*. 
diggar, sb., digger, ^fossorj PR. P. 118. 

digne, adj., 0,Fr, digne, from Lat, dignus; 
worthy, dignified, RoB. 132; Jos. 252; Will. 
583 ; Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (43) ; PR. a 74 1 E- G. 
29. 

digne-liohe, adv., with dignity, ayenb. 20 ; 
Will. 520. 

dignite, sb., 0,Fr, dignity ; dignity, a. R. 140; 
Bek. 244 ; PR. c. 3872. 

dihten, v., O.E, dihtan, = 0,H,G. dihton, 
dicton, 0,N, dikta, mod,Eng, di^t; {from 
Lat, dictare] ; prepare, set in order : ba, settcn 
heo biscopes ^an folken (r.folke) to dihten LA3. 
1 0201 ; Kath. 1 471; dihtin, ditin *dicto, 
paro* PR. P. 123; hi leten hem di^te a gret 
schip Brd. 5 ; him to dethe di^te AV. Arth, 
iv; di5t(e) a ba> Egl. 526; dighte PERa652; 
al bat he dlhteo {pres,) & deme^ HOM. 1. 267; 
dinte (pret,) Marh. 2 ; he dihte feole domes 
Laj. 7221 ; he hit (his kineriche) dihte and 
delde 9192 ; )>us he us diste 25907 ; |»e king 
dihte him for to wende K. T. 954; di3te 
Shor. 10; and dijte me dereli Langl. B 
xix. 2 ; dijt {pple,) Will. 151 ; dight PR. c 
448 ; a lettre has he dight Degr. 153 ; idiht 
Kath. 1607 ; o. & n. 641 ; idijt p. l. s. xxxv, 
106 ; comp. a-dihten. 

dihtende, sb., disposer, guider \ dihtende of 
alle shafte hom. II. 123. 
di3tere, sb., 0*E, dihtere ; disposer, gover^ 
nor, AYENB. 100. 
di^tinge, sb., disposition; decoration, AYENR 
1724. 



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dihtnare. 



disaventtire. 



r6S 



dihtnare, sb^ (9.^. dihtnere ; steward^ ^dis- 

pensaior^ FRAG. 2. 
dik, see dia 
dTTrin, v., O.E, dlcian, =Af.Z^A diken, 0,Fri5, 

dika, ditsa; dig^ make a ditch or dike, 

*/osso^' PR. P. 131 ;l diken, diche Langl. £ 

vi. 143 ; 5c«- 232 ; dike Gow. L 15 ; Ch. C. T. 

.-4536; diked i^ie,) Will. 2233; idiched 

CL.674. 
dikere, sb., O.E. dfcere; ditcher \ cUkers 

(>)/.) Langl. -^ prol. 102. 
dii,adj., ?=diil; dullJoolish\ dill&slaw Orm. 

9885; dille Gaw. 1529; a. p. 1.679; Townl. 

136; domb & dille Halliw. 303. 
dilatadoiiy sb., LcU. dilatatio; dilataHon; 

enlargement^ dijffuseness, Ch. CT, B 232. 
dile, sb., O.E. 61\e,^0.I/.G. tilli ; dill, 'one- 

t(h)um^ voc. 140; Pall. iv. 167 ; dille PR. P. 

121 ; diles (gen:) leechd. III. 92. 
di^en, v., (9.j?.(a-)dilgian, dilegianj^C^./Wx. 

(ur-)diligia, 0,L.G, (far-)diligon, O.H.G. tili- 

gon ; effctce^ extirpate, extinguish ; diljhen (»w. 

dilljhenn) Orm. 4083 ; comp. a-, for-diljlen. 
diligenoOy sb., O.Fr, diligence, iMt, dlligentia; 

diligence : AYENB. 238 ; Gow. II. 61, 88 ; Ch. 

C. T. B 1729 ; oon hath slewthe anothir dilli- 

gence LiDG. M. P. 161. 
diligent, adj., OJ^'r, diligent, from Lat. dlli- 

gens; diligent, ayenb. 32, 220; Gow. II. 

39 ; diligent travaile LiDG. M. P. 89. 

diligent-liohe, adv., diligently, AYENB. 70 ; 

diligentlier (comp.) WiCX. 3 KINGS iii. 21 

(P.) ; 3 Mac. xi. 36. 
riill, see dXL dille, see dile. 
dillen, v., ?=diilleii; render dull, become 

dull I dille CM. 202; Townl. 136; dillen 

(pres. subj.) REL. I. 217. 
diluTie, sb., LcU, diluvium, cf. 0,Fr, diluve ; 

cf. delugre; deluge, flood \ the diluvie or 

greet flood WiCL. 2 Pet. ii. 5 ; diluvie WiCL. 

GEN.vi. 17*. 
ilim, adj., 0»E. dimm,=0./^'/j. dim, (7JV. 

dimmr ; dim, obscure, O. & N. 577 ; GEN. & EX. 

286; AYENB. 159; MAND. 60; PR. C. II66; 

Perc. 1994 ; dim and derk a L. 71 ; ]>e sonne 

dim bicom Shor. 86 ; his dimme eijen frag. 

5 ; dimme (adv,) Gow. l\. 292 ; ^u) i loke 

dimme Langl. ^ x. 179; dimme (pL) rel. 

I. 210 (MISC. 3). 

dim-liche, adv., cf. 0,E^ dimlTc (adj\)\ 

dimly: dimli A. P. iii. 374; A. R. 210. 

dimnesse, sb., 0.E, dimness ; dimness, ' ob- 

scuritas,* FRAG. 7. 
dime, sb., Er. dime, 0,Er, disme, from Lai. 

dedma ; tenth, tithe, LiDG. M. P. 137 ; dimes 

[dismes] (//.) Langl. B xv. 526. 
diminneii, v., Fr, diminuer ; Lat. deminuere ; 

diminish, disparage ; diminued (pple,) [* dero- 

gastis*] or spoken ivel WiCL. Ez. xxxv. 13. 
diminutidn, sb., Fr. diminution, from Lot. 

dteiinutio; diminution, Gow. III. 89. 



dimmin, v., O.E, dimmian, — (?.A^. dinmia; 

dim, 'obscuro,' PR. P. 121 ; dimmen rel. L 

65; dimml)> (pres.) p. L. s. vi. 7; him 

dimmeb (ba) ei^en frag. 5 ; dimmede (pret.) 

Trev. ViI. 411 ; dimmede [dimmed] Langl. 

Av, 200. 
dimminge, sb., dimming. Rich. 6977; bi 

(fe) dimminge of fe dai Tor. 514*. 
dindelin,v.,^i!/./>2^. tintelen; tinkje, ^tinnio,* 

PR. P. 121. 

dine, dinen, see dune, dunien. 
dinen, v., O.Fr. disner; dine; dinen [dine] 

Langl. .<4 v. 58; dinede (pret.) Rob. 558. 
diner, sb., 0,Fr. disner; dinner, Rich. 655; 

Langl. ^vi. 293. 
dinge, see diinge. 
dingen, v., cf. O.N. d^n^^^M.H.G. tcngen, 

prov.Eng. ding; becU, strike, Fer. 717; 

Langl. jffvi. 143; dinge Hay. 215; Alis. 

1732; Perc 1967; dang (pret^) Egl. 550; 

wij^ his tail J)e erb(e) he dang Iw. 3167 ; 

dong Hay. 1147; Rich. 5270; dongen (pi) 

Map 338 ; dungen (fple.) Hay. 227 ; pr. c. 

3256 ; dongen MiN. vii. 74. 
dinging, sb., blow, stroke: dongun wi)> 

mani dingings (//.) apol. n. 
dingle, sb., l^O.H.G. tunculla (whirlpool)*, 

mod.Eng, dingle ; t sea-bottom : deopre J>en 

eni sea dingle hom. I. 263. 
dint, see dunt. 
diocesan, sb., O.Fr. diocesian, med.LcU. dioece- 

sanus ; diocesan, bishop : yow be mi defen- 

sour in our diocesans (gen.) sight Sacr. 854. 
diocnse, sb., O.Fr. diocise, diocese; diocese, 

Ch. C. t. a 664. 

dippen, see duppen. dirk, see dearc. 
directe, v., from Lat. directus ; direct, LiDG. 

M. P. 247 ; directe (pres.) 149 ; directif 244. 
dirige, sb., LcU. dirige (the first word of a 

funeral hymn) ; dirge : a placebo and dirige 

for all the sowles of the bredern and susters 

E. G. 190, 191 ; dirige, office for ded men 

^exequie* PR. P. 121 ; deregi E. G. 145 ; say 

his dorge and masse Lidg. m. p. hi. 
disalouen, v., O.Fr. desaloucr; disallow: 

disalowed (pple.) Langl. B xiv. 130. 
disalowing, sb., disapproval, Langl. ^xiv. 

139. 
disarmen, v., O.Fr. desarmer ; disarm, Ch. 

BOET. i. 4 (13). 
dis-asenten, v., disagree, refuse consent) 

disasent (Pple,) D. Troy 8016; dissaisent 

9368. 
disavatmcen, v., O.Fr. desavancer; hinder 

damage: disavaunce Ch. Tro. ii. 511. 
disavaiintage, sh.,disadvantage, misfortune : 

Trey. II. 161 ; disadvauntlges (pi.) III. 

287. 
disaventure, sb., misadventure, mischance, 

Ch. Tro. iv. 269, 725. 



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i66 



disc. 



disdse. 



disc, see disoh. 

disceme, v., O.Fr, discerner; dtscem, Ch. 

C. T. A 3003. 
disoh, sb., 0.E, disc (doard, tad/e\— O.N.diskr 

{dish), 0,H.G. tisc (table), from Lot, discus ; 

see deske; dish, J OS. 297; {quoit) WiCL. 2 

Mac. iv. 14; ibroken nep o¥er disch A. R. 

344; disc La^. 19692; dish * discus, scutela* 

PR. p. 122; dlBche (dat,) Mand. 52; disse 

Horn (L.) 1144; disches (//.) misc. 175 : 

comp, bdr-diBO. 
disch-fUl, sb., dishful : thre dischful of blod 

S. S. (Web). 1906; disschfol 191 8; disseful 

1900; dissvol ayenb. 119; disohfolles (//.) 

S. S. (Web.) 1892. 

dl8C-)>ein, sb., table servant, FRAG. 4. 
disohargen, see desohargen. 
disohere, sb., from disoh ; dishmaker^ dish- 
seller, Langl. -4 v. 166 ; C vii. 372. 
dissheres, sb., {female) dishseller^ Langl. 

B V. 323. 

disohevelen, v., 0»Fr, descheveler; dishevel: 

disheveled {pple,) Ch. P. F. 235. 

disoiple, sb., 0,Fr, disciple ; disciple, P. S. L. 

xvii. 390; disciples (//.) HOM. I. 141 ; Misa 
40. 

disoiplesse, sh,, female disciple : a disciplesse 
{v, r, sum disciplisse) WiCL. DEEDS ix. 36. 

disoipline, sb., O.Fr, discipline ; discipline, 
p. s. L. xvii. 114; PR. C. 5556. 

disoipline, v., 0,Fr. discipllner; discipline^ 
Bek. 2367. 

disolandrOy see desolandren. 

disoldsOy adj., disclose, Gow. I. 294 ; desclos 
Gow. II. 354. 

disoloseiiy v., disclose, reveal, Gow. I. 294; 
diclose LiDG. M. P. 26; desolosed {pple,) 
Gow. I. 157. 

disoomfLtingy sb., defeat, Ch. C. t. y^ 2721. 

disoomfLture, sb., discomfiture^ Ch. C. t. A 
1008 ; An. 326. 

disoomfort, sb., 0,Fr, descomfort; discom- 
fort, Trev. I. 363 ; disconforte Ch. Tro. iv. 
283 ; discoumfort WiCL. Ez. vii. 19. 

disoomforten, v., O.Fr, desconforter; dis- 
comfort, defeat, CH. C. T. A 2704 ; desconfite 
Man. (F.) 13944; descowmforten pr. p. 122; 
disoonforted (pret.) WiCL. num. prol.; dis- 
ooumfortid {pple,) JosH. v. 1 ; disconfite 
Gow. I. 362; discomfit III. 200. 

disoonsolaty adj., disconsolate, Ch. Tro. v. 
542 ; LiDG. M. p. 205. 

disoonvenienoey sb., discord^ unsuitcdfleness : 
LiDG. M. p. 82. 

disoordable, adj., 0,Fr. descordable, from 
Lot, discordabilis ; not in accord with, in- 
compatible, Gow. II. 225 ; elements that ben 
so discordable Ch. Tro. iii. 1704. 

disoordanoe, sb., 0,Fr, descordance; dis- 
cordance, ayenb. 259. 



disoordant, adj., O.Fr, discordant; discor- 
dant, Gow. III. 163. 

disoorde, sb., 0,Fr, des-, discorde ; discord, 
PR. P. 122 ; discord ayenb. 43 ; descord Rob. 
196; Shor. 141. 
disoordiiiy v., 0,Fr, descorder; discord, PR. P. 
122; disoorde)> {pres,) Trev. 1. 123 ; discor- 
dede {pret,) Trev. III. 97. 
disoording, sb., disagreement ; bitaene hem 
nas non discording Rob. 255. 
diBOOveren, v., O.Fr, descouvrer; discover: 
discurin PR. P. 122; H. v. 63; diskoverez 
{pres,) GAW.418; discuretz E. G. 55 ; disoover 
{imp,) I. 305 ; disooveringe {pple,) WiCL. 
2 Kings vi. 20 ; diskeveret {pple,) Jos. 350. 
discovering, sb. ; discuringe of cownselle PR. 
P. 122; descuvering Will. 1024, 1044. 
disoovert, adj., 0,Fr, descovert ; uncovered, 

DREAM 6. 
disooverte, sb., uncovered part: Alisatinder 
smot him in the discoverte Alis. 7417. 
disoreoioiiy sb., 0,Fr, discretion ; discretion, 
AYENa 155 ; discrecioun Ch. C. t. A 2537. 
disoreet, adj., 0,Fr, discret ; discreef, Ch. C. 
T,A 312; LiDG. M. p. 155; discrete Trev. 
V. 459; Gow. III. 167. 
disoret-li» adv., discreetly, WiCL. s. w. III. 
170. 
disoreseiiy v., med,LcU, discrescere ; decrease, 
LiDG. M. V, 244; Gow. II. 189. 
disorieiiy see desorien. 
disoussen, v., from Lot, discussus {ppU^\ 
mod,Eng, discuss; examine, search into\ 
Crist sal discusse alle thing PR. c. 6247. 
disdaineiiy v., 0,F, desdeigner, desdaigner, 
from LcU. dedignarl ; disdain; disdeine LiDG. 
M. P. 37 ; desdaine^ {fres,) Gow. III. 227; 
disdaineth [disdeintithj R. R. 5688 ; disdeig- 
neth Gow. I. 84 ; dedeineden {pple,) WiCL. 
Mat. xxi. 15. 
disdainous, adj., 0,Fr. desdeinous ; disdcdn- 



ful\ desdainous Ch. Tro. ii. 12 16. 

[disc, sb., M,L,G, dise {flax prepared for 
spinning),] 
dise-staf; sb., 0,E. distasf; distaff, ^coins' 
FRAG. 4; distaf voc. 157; disestafe 269; 
distaf Ch. C. t. A 3774 ; distaves {pi) Trev. 
VIII. 211. 

disdeiiiy sb., OJ*'r, desdsAng,^ Ital, disdegno; 
disdain; disdein a M. 11 30 9; desdein [dis- 
dain] Ch. C. t. (^ 41 ; dedein RoB. 172 ; Jos. 
244; MiRC 1159. 

dis^reiiy v., cf, 0,Fr, deseriter; disinherit'. 
dea^redin {pret, pi) treu airs unri^tfulli Misc 
211. 

diseritOy sb., 0,Fr, deserit^ ; cf disheriten ; 
a disinherited person: so ]>at )»e desarites 
(//.) into |ns lond come ROB. 85 ; be kni^tes 
were disentes in ))e lond aboute wiae 563. 

disdse, sb.| 0*Fr. desaise; disease^ trouble. 



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disdse. 



dispensaoioiuL 



i6y 



Gow. 1. 139 ; Ch. C. t. B 3961 ; desese Trev. 

IV. 203; disease LiDG. M. P. 30; diseese WiCL. 

2 Cor. i. 4*; disdaes (pi.) Trev. II. 185 ; 

disesis WiCL. S. W. III. 10. 
disese-ftil, adj., /roud/esome, WiCL. GEN. 

xxxix. 10 ; EX. xxiii. 9 ; this widowe is hevi, 

or diseseful, to me WiCL. Lk. xviii. 5. 
disese, v., O.Fr. desaisier; trouble y annoy ^ 

Ch. Tro. iv. 1272; diB§8e)> (pres.) Gow. 

III. 3; disesed (pple.) Gow. I. 89; disesid 

WiCL. I KINGS xxviii. 15*. 
disespeiTy sb., 0,Fr, desespeir; despair \ in 

desespeire Gow. II. 125 ; dessespeir Ch. 

Tro. i. 605. 
disespeirey v.,=d68peiren; /r. d^sespdrer ; 

despair^ be without hope^ LiDG. M. P. 236; 

diseflpeired (PPie,) of our owne offence Lidg. 

M. p. 179. 
disesperat, adj., hopeless : disesperat [de- 
sperate] of alle blis Ch. h. f. 2015. 
diBesperannce, sb., hopelessness \ desesper- 

aunce Ch. Tro. ii. 1307. 
disfigure^ sb., deformity: schulde tellen of 

his disfigure Ch. C. t. Z>96o. 
disflguren, v., O.Fr, desfigurer; deform \ 

deflgurd (pple,) PR. a 2338, 
diflgaisey adj., O.Fr, desguis^; fashionable: 

thaire degise atire Hamp. ps. cxlvi. 1 1 ; degise 

Ch. C. t. /417; degise (sb,) PR. c. 1518; 

dei^aee (sb,pL) 1524. 
diBguiseii, v., 0,Fr, desguiser; disguise \ des- 

guise Gow. II. 227 ; desgiusede (pret,) Man. 

(F.) 4744 ; diBguised (pple,) Will. 1677. 
disgising, sb., covering : the wrecchid swol- 
len membres that thai schewe thurgh des- 

gising [disg^sing] CH. C. T. 7425. 
[diflguisi, adj.] 
disgisi-li, adv., strangely : desparaged were 

i disgisili jif i dede in )>is wis Will. 485. 
disgisineBy sb., strange appearance : precious 

clothing is coupable for his straungenes, and 

disgisines CH. C. T. /414. 
disheriten, v., OJ*'r, desheriter ; disinherit ; 

desherite Hav. 2547 ; A. P. ii. 185 ; ideaerited 

(pret.) Rob. 375 ; see dlflerlt§. 
dishonor, 0,Fr. deshonor; dishonour; des- 

honor Fl. & Bl. 655 ; Man. (F.) 6242. 
dishonoureJiy v., dishonour; deshonoured 

(pple,) of that she hadde be defioured Gow. 

II. 322 ; deshonoured 377. 
dishoneste, adj., O.Fr. deshoneste ; dishonest, 

Ch. C. T. //214. 
dishonestexiy v., 0,Fr, deshonester : dis' 

honour : whan thou hast dishonestid (pple.) 

thi frend WiCL. PROV. xxv. 10. 
disiy see dusL 

difljointy sb., O.Fr, desjoinct ; dilemma, awk- 
ward position : of what wight that stant in 

swicb dicdointe (dat.) CH. Tro. iii. 447; 

i stonde in this disjoint C,T, Bidou 



diskumflty see disoomfite. 

dismaieiiy v., cf Span, desmayar ; ffor es« 
maien; dismay ; demaien J OS. 84 ; desinaie 
(imper,) 50U no longer Will. 3040 ; dismaie 
Lidg. m. p. 263 ; demai Gaw. 470 ; demaide 
(pret.) Rob. 156 ; dlsmaid (pple.) Gaw. 336. 

disme, see dime. 

dismembrin, v., O.Fr. des-, de-membrer; 
dismember, PR. p. 122; demembred (pple,) 
Rob. 559. 

dismitte, v., for Lat, dimittere; dismiss, 
WiCL. JER. xxxii. 1 1 ; desmittiden (pret. pi.) 
DEEDS xvii. 10 ; dismitted (pple.) or relesid 
I Mac X. 43. 

disobedienoe, sb., disobedience, LiDG. M. P. 
143. 

disobeie, v., O.Fr. desobeir ; disobey, Gow. I. 
86 ; dlsobeide (pret,) I. 338. 

disobeisamioe, sb., O.Fr, desobeisance ; dis- 
obedience, Gow. I. 86. 

disobeisaunt, adj., O.Fr, desobeissant ; dis- 
obedient, Ch. p. f. 428 ; Gow. I. 248 ; Lidg. 
M. p. 143. 

disorddne, adj., from O.Fr. cn-dener ; inor- 
dinate, excessive, ayenb. 34; desordene Ch. 
BOET. ii. 2 (36) ; ayenb. 46 ; disordein Ch. C. 
T. /818. 
desord^ne-liohe, adv., inordinately, ayenb. 

55- 

disordinaty adj., immoderate^ excessive, Ch. 
C. T. 7422; R. R. 4818; disordinat of lan« 
guage Lidg. m. p. 258. 

disoury sb., O.Fr. disour ; speaker, teller of a 
story, B. DISC. 139; disours (pi.) Alis. 
6991. 

disparage, sb., want of equality, Ch. C. t. 
908. 

disparagen, v., O.Fr. desparagier; disparage, 
dlsparagide (pret.) Trev. VII. 385 ; des- 
paraged (pple?) Will. 485. 

disparpliiiy v., for esparplin; scatter; 
disparplen PR. P. 122; disparple WiCL. Ez. 
xii. 14; di8i>arplith (pres.) John x. 12; de- 
sparpleth Mand. 4; disparpoilide (pret.) 
GEN. xi. 9 ; disparplid (pple^ JOHN xvi. 32. 

dispencer, sb., O.Fr, despensier; steward: 
Hue {»e Dispencer Rob. 559. 

dispenden, v., O.Fr, despendre ; spend, dis- 
sipate ; dispendin PR. P. 122 ; dispendi ayenb. 
53; despende PR. c. 125 ; despendeth (pres.) 
Gow. 1. 106 ; dispended (pret.) PR. C. 2435 5 
despended Langl. B xii. 49 ; despent Gow. 
II. 162; dispendede ayenb. 128; dispended 
(pple.) Ch. C. t. E 1403 ; dispended, dispent 
Gow. I. 197, 309. 

dispendoury sb., steward: desspendoure 
ayenb. 190; dispender [later ver. dispendere] 
WiCL. Lk. xii. 42 ; dispenderis (pi.) WiCL. 
I Cor. iv. i ; despendours Ch. C. t. B2S43. 

difipensaoioiui. sb., O. Fr. dispensacion ; 



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168 



dispensaciotui. 



distemperen. 



dispensation^ Trev. III. 469; dispensacioun 

wib bis lawe winnes miche money WiCL. s. w. 

III. 162. 
dispense^ sb., 0,Fr, despense ; expense, out- 

lay\ dispence Alis. 2616; despense ayenb. 

21 ; despenses (//.) Ch. C. t. ^2842. 
dispensing v., 0,Fr, despenser; dispense^ 

PR. P. 122. 

disperaoion, see desperaoion. 
disperishen, v., Lot, disperire; disperse, 

WiCL. JUD. xi. 3 ; wiSD. xvi. 29 ; disperisht 

{.pret,) WiCL. LAM. V. 18. 
disperSy adj., Lot, dispersus ; dispersed^ Gow. 

II. 185; 111. 175; dlspers ^pple.) II. 177. 
displeien, v., 0./>. despleier, -ploier; display; 

displeied (preL) Ch. C. t. A 966. 
displesaunoey sb., 0,Fr, desplesance; dis- 
pleasure \ Ch. Tro. iii. 430; iii. 1245 ; LiDG. 

M. P. 71 ; displeasaunce dream 1461. 
displ^sen, v., 0,Fr, desplBisir, from Lot, dis- 

plicere; displease, ^displiceo, PR. P. 123; 

WiCL. Ez. XX. 43 ; displease LiDG. M. P. 169; 

displ^se (pres,) Langl. B xiii. 135 ; dis- 

pI68ed {pret,) LiDG. M. P. 91 ; despl^sed 

(pple,) Gow. III. 173. 
displ^sing, sb., displeasure, Trev. II. 411. 
disponen, v., O.Fk despondre, Lot, disponere; 

dispose ; di8pone)> (pres.) Ch. Boet. i v. 6 (i 34) ; 

Tro. iv. 935 ; dispone (imper,) v. 300. 
disport, sb., 0,Fr, desport; disport, sport; 

disporte Gow. II. 175 ; desport Ch. C. t. A 

775; sport LUD. Cov. 185 ; disportes (/>/.) 

DREAM. 104. 

disi>ortey v., 0,Fr, desporter; sport, divert, 

Gow. I. 75, 119; Ch. Tro. ii. 1673. 
disposen^ v. O.Fr, dispdser ; dispose : LiDG. 

M. P. 149; dispdsith (pres) Lidg. M. p. 

197; dispdsed {preL) Lidg. m. p. 20, 176; 

Trev. I. 109; disposid {pple,) WiCL. s. 

w. III. 68, 161 ; disposed Lidg. m. p. 159. 
dispositidn, sb., 0./>. disposition ; dispo- 
sition, Ch. Tro. ii. 526 ; disposition of Venus 

Gow. I. 50 ; after the disposition of natural 

complexion Gow. I. 92; dispocicioun Lidg. 

m. p. 174; disposiciouns (//.) Trev. I. 51. 
dispreisin, v., O.Fr, desprisier ; blame, * cuipo, 

vituperoj PR. P. 123 ; dispreise LiDG. M. P. 84. 
dispreislnge, sb., blaming, Ch. C. T. B 

2876. 
dispr^ven, y., disprove : schul . . . nou^t hem 

despreve by despitusoun Trev. I. 17; J)is 

disproves (pres,) noujt Gaufrede his storie 

Trev. V. 339. 
dispiiten, v., O.Fr, des-, disputer; dispute, 

Langl. -5 viii. 20; dispute [dispuite] CL. 1082; 

dispuite MiRC 673 ; desputi P. L. S. xix. 74 ; 

sputs Kath. 1315; spute Jos. 148; des- 

putede (pret) ayenb. 79. 
disputing, sb., disputation, contention : me 

Jjunche^ betere ])a ha beo ear overcomen wi^. 



desputinge Kath. 558 ; whether mi disputing 
is a^ens man WiCL. Job xxi. 4. 

disputesoiin, sb., 0./>.desputoison; disputa- 
tion, Ch. C. t. ^4428; disputadoun leg. 
139 ; desputeson Gow. I. 90. 

[dis-rewU, Sidj.,/rom rewle; unrufy.] 
disrewli-li : lede his lif disrewlilie R.R. 4902. 

disseisen, v., OJ^r. dessaisir; disseise; 
disseised (pple,) a L. 1088. 

disseisine, sb., disseisin, £. g. 361. 

dissenoidny sb., 0,Fr. dissension. Lot. 6\s- 
sensio ; dissension, PR. C. 4061 ; dessencioun 
"WICL.S. w. III. 133; discencioun III. 141; 
dissenciun c. M. 22221, 22238. 

dissenten, v.,from Lot, dissentire ; disagree : 
if i dissente (subj\) LiDG. M. P. 44. 

disseveraunoe, sb., 0,Fr. desseverance ; se- 
paration, Ch. Tro. iii. 1375; Boet. iiL 11 
(96). 

dissevereny v., 0,Fr, dessevrer ; divide, sever : 
i wolde him fro the court desever Gow. I. 
332 ; dissever (re/L) Gow. II. 97 ; deseverd 
(pple) MISC. 31 ; dissevert (pret,) D. Troy 
1602; a. p. iii. 314. 

dissimtilatidny sb., Fr, dissimulation; dis- 
simulation, pretence, Gow. I. 74. 

dlflsimtden, v., LcU, dissimulare ; dissimulate, 
hide, pretend, Ch. Boet. v. 6 (178) : som can 
dissimele and blow the bukkis horn by ap- 
parence of feined kindenesse LiDG. M. P. 
160 ; dissimelide (pret,) ^yICL. i KINGS x. 
27 ; dissimilide i kings xxiii. 13. 
dissimulinge, sb., dissembling, Ch. Tro. v. 
1625 ; dissimuUnges (pL) Ch. C. t. 7^285. 

dissimtiloury sb., Lat, dissimulator; dis- 
sembler \ Ch. C. t. B 4418. 

dissolucioun, sb., Fr, dissolution ; dissipation, 
R. R. 4900; Lidg. m. p. 247. 

dissoluty adj., Lat, dissolutus ; dissolute; now 
passing besi, now dissolut, now idil Lidg. 
m. p. 245 ; dissolute laughters B. B. 26. 

dissolveny v., dissolve; dissolved (pple,) 
S. A. L. 80; dissolvid WiCL. s. w. III. 163; 
dissolved 68. 

distafy see under dise. 

distance, sb., 0,Fr, distance ; distance : ^dis- 
tantia* PR. P. 123 ; a distance (disagreement) 
there is ispronge Bek. 1285 ; ]>er was at 
londone a lute distance (tumult) ROB. 570; 
without destaunce Rich. 1669. 

disteinOy v., 0,Fr, desteindre ; stain, Ch. l. g. w. 
269 ; steine Gow. I. 225 ; desteined HocCL. 
i. 340. 

distemprannoe, sb., 0,Fr. destemprance ; 
unfavourableness : the destempraunce of the 
hevene Ch. Boet. iii. 1 1 (97). 

distemperen, v., 0./>-.destemprer; disorder; 
distemperes (pres.) WiCL. s. w. IIL 157 ; 
distemperin * distempero* PR. P. 123. 
distempring, sb., want of due pro^rtionSy 



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distemperen* 



divin. 



i6g 



disorder \ J>e destempringe of )>ise vour 

qualites AYENB. 153. 
distemperlirey sb., cf. 0,Fr, tempereure; 

intemperance^ want of moderation^ WiCL. S. 

w. III. 156. 
distempre, adj., intemperate : Ch. Boet. iv. 

3 (131). 
distillation^ sb., 0,Fr, distillation, Lat, dis- 

tillatio; act 0/ distilling, Gow. II. 86. 
distilleiu v., O.Fr. distiUer, Jrom Lat. di- 

stillare ; dropyftow ; distilleth {pres.) Gow. 

I. 3 ; dlwtilling (pple,) Lidg. m. p. 262. 
[distinot, adj., LcU, distinctus ; distinct,] 

diBtinot-li, adv., distinctly , LiDG. M. P. 63. 

distinote, v., OJ^r, distincter; distinguish^ 
R. R. 6199. 

diBtmoten, v., from Lat. distinctus; di- 
stinguish : to distincti betvene ))e guode )>inges 
and J>e kveade ayenb. 152. 

difitmctaun, sb., O.Fr, distinction ; distinctiony 
A. R. 12; distinccioun Trev. I. ui; Ch. 
Boet. ii. 5 (46) ; distinotiunB (pi.) A. R. 12. 

diBtingaeny v., Fr, d\%im^ei, Jrom Lat, di- 
stinguere ; distinguish : wilde men destinge'S 
ipres,) nou^ no)>er to sette der feeldes by 
boundes no|>er by meres Trev. I. 135 ; art 
boa disttngwed (pple,) and embelised bi 
j« springing floures Ch. Boet. ii. 5 (47). 

distract, adj., sb., Lat, distractus ; distracted : 
distracte were thai stithli D. TroY 3219; 
distrauhte in thouhte LiDG. M. P. 206. 

distraoteiiy v., med,Lai, distractare ; distract', 
bodeli Jnngis diBtraoti)> (pres,) men WiCL. 
S. w. III. 84, 

distraotioun, sb., detraction, slander : sufTre 
no distractioun Lidg. m. p. 67. 

distreinen, v., OJ^r, destraindre ; constrain, 
compel", destrigni Bek. 711; destreine 
{imp,) Ch. Tro. v. 596 ; destrainede {pret:) 
i. 354; distreigned Bek. 751* 

distresse, sb., 0,Fr, destrece ; distress, Gow. 

II. 268; Rich. 2763; distres a. p. ii. 11 59; 
Lidg. m. p. 76 ; distresce Bek. 755 ; destresse 
Rob. 442 ; Gow. I. 333; Lidg. m. p. 227. 

distresen, v., distress : (|)ay) distresed {pret,) 
him wonder strait A. P. li. 879. 

disturbance, sb., 0,Fr, destourbance ; com- 
motion ; desturbance rel. I. 265 ; destour- 
bance Rob. 436. 

disturben, v., O.Fr, destourber; disturb; 
desturben A. R. 162; desturbi P. L. S. xvii. 
360; destorbe]' (pres,) ayenb. 179. 
disturbing, sb., disturbing; destourbinge 
LEB. Jes. 428 ; destorbinge ayenb. 225. 

distnrblen, v., trouble; disturbelin ^ turbo, 
conturbo' PR. P. 123; disturble WiCL. PS. 
ii. 5; destorblist (pres.) Halliw. 307; 
distourblen (pi,) WiCL. S. w. III. 122; 
distnrblinge (pple,) WiCL. deeds xvii. 13 ; 
distourblede (pret,) R. R. 1713 ; disturblid 



(pple.) John xxii. 27; distourbled S. w. III. 

135; distroubled Ch. D. Bl. 522; distrobled 

WiCL. Mat. xxiv. 6. 
disturbling, sb., troubling, disturbance : fro 

disturbing of men WiCL. PS. xxx. 21 ; dis- 

trobelinge of pece * disturbrum, turbacio' 

PR. P. 123 ; distourbling of witte WiCL. S. w. 

III. 135 ; disturbling Lk. xxiii. 19. 
disturbonr, sb.,0./r.destourbeur; disturber; 

desturbour Bek. i i 10. 
disttimen, v., 0,Fr, destoumer, Fr, d^tour- 

ner; turn away: thi fader prei al thilke 

harme destume Ch. Tro. iii. 669. 
distisen, v., become unaccustomed, misuse, * ob^ 

soleo, dissuesco, abutor^ PR. P. 123; virtues 

of God may no mon disuse WiCL. s. w. III. 

157; a riche mon J)at disOside (pret,) his 

richesse II. i. 
dis-were, sb., cf, were ; doubt, * dubium^ pr, 

p. 123; withoute diswaire L. C. C. 51 ; with- 

outen diswaire 25. 
ditane, sb., Fr, dictame; dittany (a plant\ 

PR. P. 123. 
dite, sb., 0,Fr, dit^, dict^ mod,Eng, ditty; 

poem, verse; singing, PR. P. 123; WiCL. 

DEUT. xxxi. 19 ; ditees (pi,) Trev. IV. 309. 
diten, see dihten. di)>, see dSaS. 
diten, v., O.Fr. dieter, Lat, dictare; indite^ 

indict \ ditin or inditen letters arid speche 

^dicto^ PR. P. 123 ; ditin or inditen for trespace 

*indicto* PR. P. 123. 
^ting, sb., composition, ^ dictamen, in- 

dictation PR. P. 123; (he) in his diting . . . 

tellus D. Troy 3850 ; his diting of his dedis 

7392- 
ditonr, sb., historian, orator, Trev. III. 

163 ; advoketes and ditoiires (pL) II. 373. 
diven, see duven. 
diveren, y,,^M,Du, daveren ; tremble, Kath. 

619; divere HOM. I. 283; speoken i ne dar 

nawt, ah diveri ant darie Marh. 16. 
divers, adj., 0,Fr, divers; divers, Shor. 

142 ; AYENB. 15 ; CM. 1 1054. 

divers-Hohe, adv., diversely, Trev. V. 339 ; 

diversli pined PR. C TATh \ LiDG. M. P. 119. 
diversite, sb., 0,Fr, diversity; diversity, 

Trev. III. 467 ; Ch. C. t. ^220. 
diversorie, sb., Lat, diversorium ; inn, LEG. 
90* 
dividen, v., Lat, dlvidere ; divide ; dividen 

(pi.) Ch. astr. i. 7 (5) ; divide (imper.) WiCL. 

EX. xiv. 16 ; divldeden (pret,) WiCL. PS. xxi. 



19; divldid (pple.) WiCL. 4 KINGS ii. 8; 
divided s. w. III. 
Gow. I. 7. 



130; Ch. astr. i. 15 (8); 



divin, sb., 0,Fr, di-, devTn, Lat, dlvinus; 

divine, augur; di-,devine8 (pi.) Trev. III. 

219; ))e devines and fe wichen ayenb. 

19. 
diving sb., cf, divinen, divine ; prophecy j 



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170 



divln. 



dolour. 



divination; theology. Merlin, in his devin, 

of him has said Man. (H.) 282 ; a maister of 

divine (dat,) R. R. 6490. 
diviney adj., LcU, dlvinus, cf. 0,Fr, divln, 

devin ; divine^ LiDG. M. P. 95 ; devine 233. 
[divineii], deyinen, v., 0./>. devlner, Lat, 

divlnare; divine^ prophecy j interpret-, it is 

nought goode a sleping hounde to wake, ne 

yeve a wight a cause to devine Ch. Tro. iii. 

715; he wole devine soone Langl. Byi\\\, 98 ; 

Trev. I. 159; IV. 385 ; Daniel of hire un- 

doinge devined (pret) and seide Langl. 

^xv. 589. 
divininge, sb., divination, Trev. III. 57; 

Ch. Boet. v. 3 {157). 
[divineresse], devineresse, sb., a female 

diviner : thou wenest ben a grete devineresse 

Ch. Tro. v. 1535. 
divinite, sb., 0,Fr, divinity ; divinity, P. L. S. 

xvii. 237. 
[divinour], devinotiry sb., 0,Fr. devineor; 

diviner, WiCL. NUM. xxii. 5. ' 
divisen, see devisen. 
division, sb., 0,Fr, division; division, Ch. 

C. T. A 2476; Gow. I. 30; divisiouns (//.) 

LiDG. M. P. 89 ; devisiouns Ch. astr. i. 8 (6). 
divorSy sb., 0,Fr, divorce, Lat, divortium ; 

divorce, Trev. I. 251 ; be ech man war bat 

he procure no fals devours WiCL. S. W, III. 

192 ; divorees (//.) Langl. ^ii. 75. 
dOy see dft. 

dobben, see dubben. doble, see duble. 
doc, dok, sb., 0,N, dockr ; tail, Gaw. 191. 
docke, sb., 0,E, docce; dock (plant), Ch. 

Tro. iv. 461 ; sour(e) dokke sour dock, 

^ surel(l)ei rede dokke ^parel{l)e* voc 162. 
docken, v., dock, cut short ; dokkin * decurto * 

PR. p. 126; docke WiCL. E. w. 430; his 

top was docked [dokked] Ch. C. t, A 590. 
doctour, sb., 0,Fr, doctur j doctor, Ch. C. t. 

.^4411. 
doctrine, sb., 0,Fr, doctrine; doctrine, 

Mand. 167; Ch. astr. prol. (2). 
dodden, v., shave, clip : je shulen dodde 

V attondebitis'] WiCL. LEV. xix. 27 ; dodde^ 

\pres.) P. s. 192 ; doddid {pple,) PR. P. 125 ; 

idodded A. R. 422. 
doddunge, sb., shavings A.R. 14. 
doder, sb,,=M,H,G, toter ; dodder (a plant), 

REL. I. 37 ; * cuscuta^ voc. (W.W.) 577. 
doel, sb., 0,Fr, doel, duel, deul, from Lat, 

(cor-)dolium, cfprov,Eng, andSc, dool, dule; 

grief, mourning, Alis. 5121 ; Mand. 202; 

deol Langl. Aw, 216 (doel ^v. 386); doel, 

dol, duel, dul, del Will. 564- 781, 15 10, 1909, 

2757 ; doel [duil, deol, deilj WiCL. 2 KINGS 

xiv. 2 ; duel SPEC 34 ; deol Horn (L.) 1048 ; 

Rob. 166; dool Degr. 1736. 
deol-fbl, adj., doleful, LA3. 6901*; dul-, 

delful Gaw. 560, 1 5 17, 



dulftil-liche, adv., dolefully, P. L. S. xxiv. 

219. 
do^, see dft^. 
dogerel, adj., doggerel : rim dogerel Ch. C.t. 

^2115. 

d03e)>e, see dt^eVe. ' 

dogge, sb., O.K. docga, = M,Du, doggBe; dog, 

Uanis,^ voc, 1Z7 \ PR. P. 125; A.R. 290; ROB. 

69; Will. 46; Mand. 66; Ch. C.t. £2014; 

doggen {pi,) p. s. 239; comp, band-,helle- 

dogge. 
doggid, adj., dogged, P. s. 199; so dogget 

(base) a dede D. Troy 10379. 
dogged-liohe, adv., doggedly, Fer. 1289; 

doggetli (meanly) had done D. Troy 13071. 
doggisch, adj., doggish ; doggisohe (dat, m.) 

WiCL. ECCLUS. xil. 22*. 

dohter, sb., O.E. dohtor, = az.6^. dohtar 
dohtor, dohter, 0,Fris, dochter, 0,N. dottir, 
Goth, dauhtar, 0,H.G, tohter, Gr, Bvyartip; 
daughter, Kath. 74; (^wj.dohhterr) Orm. 128; 
dohter, dorter, douter Laj. 142, 211, 3018; 
do3ter ayenb. 26; dogter GEN. & ex. 1646; 
doghter PR. a 2130; doghtirEGL. 58; doubter 
FRAG. 8 ; A. R. 54 ; doubter, douther, dowter 
Hav. 120, 258, 2867; doubter, doubter c L. 
301, 347; dou3ter Bek. 22; dowter GEN. & 
EX. 1847 ; doughter, doutir, doster PR. p. 129; 
do3ter, doster Horn (L.) 249, 697 ; douter 
AN. lit. 10; doftir (Pdostir) B. DISC. 689; 
dou3ter (gen,) Will. 3152 ; doster [dohter] 
LA3. 2982 ; his dohtres raed Sax. chr. 254 ; 
dohter, dochter, docter (dat.) LA3. 3368, 
3373i 3433 ; douter rel. L 184 ; dohter (pi.) 
Lk. xxiii. 28; dohtere, dohtren [dohtres] 
LA3. 2924, 24509 ; douhtren, dou3tren C L. 
289 ; dohtren (? dehtren) H. M. 19 ; dehtren 
HOM. L 247 ; CHR. E. 545 ; de3ter A. P. ii. 
270; dohtres Orm. 6383; douhtres Hav. 
350 ; dohter, dohtrenne [dohteme] (gen, pi)* 
LA3. 2689, 2701 ; dohtren (dat. pL) Lk. i. 5 ; 
LA3. 3085 ; comp. god-, Bteop-dohter. 
doughter-ldB, adj., Gow. IIL 305. 

dohti, see dtihti3. 

dok, see doc. doke, see dfike. 

doket, sb., ffrom doo ; frag, clout, Towmu^iZ^ 

doket'', sb., O.Fr. ducat ; ducat (a coin) ; do- 
kettis (pL) SACR. 315. 

dol, see dul and doeL dol, see d£L 

dole, sb., ulcer, f wound; dole sor and blein 
gen. & EX. 3027 ; wi^ute knotte and dolke 
A. R. 2. 

dole, see d&le. 

dolfin, sb., O.Fr. ?doulphin, cf Prov. dalfin, 
from Lat. delphlnus ; dolphin, Degr. 1038. 

[dolken P comp. for-dolken.J 

doUen, see dullen. 

dolour, sb., O.Fr. dolour, dolur; grief, Misc 
212; s. s. (Web.) 1270; Fer. 2175; ^^^^ 
LEG. 72, 



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d5m.' 



doro. 



171 



ddm, sb., OJE. dom^^OJL,G.y O.Fri^, dohi, 
O.N, domr, Goth, doms, O.H.G. tuom, mod. 
Eng. doom ; judgment^ decision^ decree; au- 
thority^ Orm. 1472 ; a L. 491 ; Hav. 2487 ; 
Will. 1220; Wicl. gen. xviii. 19; ))e dom 
. . . ne lest he nawiht longe HOM. I. 169; 

St rUitne dom us ^ive wolde O. & N 1692 ; 
n dom Rob. 337 ; fane laste dom ayenb. 
74 ; ddmes i^gen.) o. & N. 1695 ; domes d»i 
La^. 24274 ; domes dai R. S. iv ; domes man 
dooTnsntan {judge) A. R. 156 ; Langl. B xix. 
302 ; Trey. IV. 49 ; ddme {dat.) o. & N. 179; 
mid unimete dome heo ferden ut of Rome 
La^. 9228 ; imong )»issen dome daed iwar% )>e 
gode king 15064; )>e dai of dome PR. C 1859; 
domes {pi.) HOM. I. 103; La^. 7221; )>ah 
fine domes deme beon Marh. 8; comp. 
alder-, eristen-, eorl-, freo-, h»"Sen-, h&li-, 
kine-, king-, martir-, p&pe-, riohe-, ]?dow-, 
'wis-dom ; deriv. demen. 

dom-huB, sb., judgment-hall : dome-howse 
^pretorium' PR. P. 126. 

dom-kete, adj., swift of judgment y HOM. II. 
83. 

dom-plaoe, sb., place ofju^ment^ * forum* : 
he disputide in the sinagoge . . . and ... in 
the chepinge or domplace WiCL. deeds xvii. 
17 ; xvi. 19. 

dom-seotel, sb., 0,E. domsetl ; judgment 
seaty Jul. 55. 

dom-stol, ^.y judgment-seat y A. R. 306, 
domb, see dumb. 

dominacioun, sb., Fr. domination; domi- 
nation, Ch. C. t. B 3409. 
domlen, v., be dull or cloudy \ domland 

(pple.) PR. C. 1443. 

dompen, see dumpen. domping, see do'p- 
ping. don, see dim. 
don, v., O.K. ddnf= O.L.G. don, doan, duan, 

duon, O.Fris. dua, O.H.G. tuon ; do^ Kath. 

784 ; A. R. 16 ; Mand. 3; )>e sculde fas emde 

don LA3. 1421 ; don on don^ put on 1701 ; 

harm don HOM. I. 213; don hire schome 

H. M. 17 ; don t(o) understandin Orm. 3067 ; 

don (commit) sunne Misc 72; to de)>e don 

\put) CHR. E. 908 ; Alis. 730 ; he scholde 

... in strong warde him do (Put) Bek. 379 ; 

do (commit) feoff e 396; schame do 1488; 

he ssel do a wai be brondes ayenb. 205 ; 

do bote WiLU 1378 ; shal do (make) fe non 

drede Langl. ^xx. 153; fei schule of do 

her clofes Trey. IV. i ; to donne Kath. 

2201 ; A. R. 6 ; Orm. 2949 ; what him weore 

to donne [donde] LA3. 4769 ; to done Bek. 

248 ; i have to done Jos. 161 ; what is best 

to done Ch. C. t. ^^3544; to donde misc. 

193; dd (pres.) A. R. 200; ich do fe wel to 

witene LA5. 3163; dest La^. 13154; Kath. 

754; a. r. 124; SPEC 104; Shor. 96; 

AYENa 129; fat fruit fat fou dest here leg. 

6; dest, dost o. & N. 49, 237, 321 ; dost Orm. 

5258 ; de55 A. R. 174; def hom. II. 27; frag. 



7; P. l. s. viii. 11; Roa 321; ayenb. 5; 
de« [dofl La;. 674; def, dof o. & N. 156, 
564 ; he aef [dof] me gret wo a L. 899 ; dof 
Orm. 1042 ; bet heo heolden heore wui^ing 
dei bene we do^ hom. I. 9 ; we do^ sunne 55 ; 
je ao^ Laj. 1434; ^^o ^o^ a. r. 328; gret 
harm heo me dof a L. 896 ; ne do f u feof55e 
hom. I. 13 ; do sei me Jul. 41 ; do nim fe 
wreche R. S. ii. (misc. 162) ; do of ¥in son 
GEN. & EX. 2781 ; don (=do on) fin hehn 
FER.460; dof(=doof)WiLL. 2343; ao (make) 
me love fe so spec 71 ; do out all fortes 
AYENB. 210 ; do a wei fi maumetes Jos. 102 ; 
do me sikemesse f er to 623 ; qvoth Ubbe 
doth him swife fete Hav. 2037 ; fat ich do 
ham wur^schipe Kath. 506 ; doende (pple.) 
Mat. xxiv. 40; doinde ayenb. 194; diide 
(pret.) A. R. 102 ; o, & N. 1637 ; Bek. 1050; 
he dude him on fe wei P. L. S. xiL 119; 
he dude to dethe Will. 3427; dude heom 
to understonde Misc. 86; dude [dede] La^. 
431; dude [dide] Kath. 1552; dide [dede] 
Ch. C. t. a 2262 ; dede ayenb. 7^ ; Isum. 
67 ; dede mankinde bote GEN. & EX. 24 ; 
god dede (caused) ^at he on swevene cam 
224 ; alle be Englis dede he swere Hav. 254 ; 
he . . . dede him on gate Will. 11 19 ; dudest 
A. R. 306 ; deodest [dudest] La^. 2294 ; duden 
A. R. 330; and duden hine i benden (r. bende) 
LA3. 31011; duden of da¥es 16759; heore 
brugge heo duden a dun 19242; diden 
Orm. 429 ; and hi swa diden Sax. chr. 250 ; 
fei diden dedli sinne Langl. Bx\v. 78; he 
deden hem binden GEN. & ex. 2193 ; we fin 
heste dude forleten H. H. 169 (171); don 
(pple.) Orm. 237 ; K. T. 813 ; he ben don ut 
of paradis GEN. & EX. 381 ; don [doon] Ch. C. 
T. A 2092 ; comp. bi-, for-, ^e-, t6-, im-d6n ; 
deriv. difide. 

[doere, sb., doerj comp. god-, mis-, uvel- 
doere.] 
d&inge, sb., doing, Trev. I. 27. 

donat, sb., Lat, Donatus ; a grammar; ele- 
mentary book of instruction : Donat and 
Dindimus Gow. II. 90; PR. p. 126; donet 
s. s. (Web.) 179 ; Langl. B v. 209. 

donge, see diinge. 

dongeon, doDJoun, sb., O.Fr. dongon, don- 
jon ; dungeon, Ch. C. t. A 1057 ; dungun, 
dongeon Langl. A prol. 15, J9 prol. 15; 
dongbun Fer. 2301 ; A. P. ii. 1224. 

donken, v., moisten', donkef (pres.) SPEa 
44; donkande (pple.) Gaw 519; donkit 
(pret.) D. Troy 9639. 
donkinge, sb., moisture, D. Arth. 3249. 

doppar, sb. ; rf. doupar; didapper, ^mer- 
gulus,' PR. P. 127. 

doppe, sb., fO.E. (dufe-)doppa ; f sea gull, 
Aus. 5776 ; comp. deve-doppe. 

dopping, sb., the dabchick *, doppingea (v, r. 
dompinges) (pi.) Langl. Cxi v. 169. 

dorO| see dearo. 



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17% 



dorcL 



dozeine. 



dord, sb., fwh^j^ : dordus (//.) ' serum * voc. 

178. 
dore, sb., 0,E. dora, }^Du, tor ; dor {beetle) ; 

dorren (//.) Ar. & Mer. 6428. 
dore^ see dtire. 
Dorkoestre, sb., 0,E, Dorca ceaster; Z^t^-- 

chester^ P. L. S. xiii. 36 ; Dorchestre ROB. 2. 

Dorohe8tre«8§te]i, sb., pL, inhabitants of 

Dorchester^ La^. 29615. 
dorloty sb., O.Fr, dorelot, dorlot; ornament 
for a womarCs dress \ dorlott Urica, calien- 

drum ' PR. P. 127 ; vair dorilot avenb. 177. 
dormant^ adj., fixed: his table dormant in 

his halle alway stood redi covered al the 

long dai Ch. C. T. A 353 ; table dormounte 

Halliw. 311. 
dormoiifl, sb., dormouse, ^glis^ voa 220; 

PR. P. 127. 
domen, v., deceive : J[>er husbondes fei wil 

so dome S. & C II. Ivii. 
Dorsete, pr. n., 0,E, Dorssete; DorsStan, 

Dorsaetum (dat,)\ Dorset^ LA3. 21014; o. & N. 

1753. 
dortouTy sb., 0,Fr, dortoir; dormitory, PL. 

CR. 211 ; Ch. C. t. D 1855. 
doBOy see duso. 
dosepery'Sb., 0,Fr, douze pairs (//.) ; one of the 

twelve peers; champion : ferst they sent out 

a doseper in blake armes OCTOV. (W.) 949 ; 

RiCHD. 9; inne Franse weren italde twefre 

iferan, )>e Freinsce heo cleopeden diisze pers 

{pi,) {sec. text dosseperes) LA3. 1623; dosse 

pers oif France RoB. 188 ; dozepers Halliw. 

315; duze pers Man. (H.) 81; dusepcris 

ant. Ar. 22; D. Arth. 66; dusseperez 

2029. 
dosily sb., 0,Fr. dosil, dousil, dusil; spigot, 

faucet \ dosille voc. 198 ; dosele [doseilj S. S. 

(Web.) 1 1 50; dosils (//.) Rob. 542. 
dosser^ sb., Fr, dossier; pannier, basket \ 

docer, dorcer PR. P. 125, 127; doser Gaw. 

478 ; dossers (//.) Ch. h. f. 1940. 
dot&ge» sb., dotage, Ch. C. T. A 3898 ; A. P. 

ii. 1425. 
dotard^ sb., dotard, Ch. C. t. 2>33i; do- 

tardes (//.) PL. CR. 825. 
ddtOy adj., doting, foolish, REL. 1. 184 ; Trist. 

1912; Bev. 217 ; doote York xxxv. 5. 
dotely sb.,= dotard: J)enne ))e dotel on dece 

drank J)at he mi3t A. P. ii. 15 17. 
doteren, v., ? = totlren ; totter; dotur AV. 

Arth. xvi; )>e due dotered (pret,) to )>e 

ground Degr. 1109. 
d6tie]i9 v,,^M,Du. doten O.Fr, (re-)doter; 

dote\ dotie LA5. 3294; doton *deliro, de- 

sipio' PR. p. 128; doten [dote] Ch. C. t. 

G 983 ; dote lud. Cov. 98 ; AV. Arth. xvi ; 

ddtest {pres.) Langl. A\, 129; dotes tu 

Kath. 211 1 ; he dotes PR. a 785 ;' J)ei dote)) 

Trev. IV. 403 ; d6tie {subj^^ a. R. 224 ; he 



dared as d6ted {pple,) man Will. 4055; 

doted and dased l. h. r. 216; comp, »- 

d6tien. 
dottipol, sb., cf dodden and pel ; baldhead: 

fi, dottipols, with youre bookes Townl. 145. 
dou, see da^. 
douaire, sb., O.Fr. doaire ; dower, Ch. C. t. 

E 848 ; dowarie E. G. 361 ; dowere Trev. 

IV. 73 ; dower WlCL. ex. xxii. 16. 
douoe, adj., 0,Fr, dols, doux, Lot, dulcis; 

sweet X he drawes into dowce Fraunce D. 

Arth. 1251. 
douoeiiy v., from douce ; sweeten ; dowce 

L. c c. 7 ; PR. p. 129. 
doucety adj», OJ^r, doucct; sweet-, doucct 

drinkes Halliw. 313; dowcet mete ^ dul- 

ceum* PR. P. 128. 
doucette, sb., a sweet pie or custard; dou- 

oettes {pL) B. B. 60 ; dowcetes 148. 
douoette^y sb., a musical instrument : to pipe 

both in doueet and in riede Ch. h. f. 122a 
doude, sb., slut, Man. (F.) 11255 ; if she be 

never so foule a dowde Townl. 312. 
doneiiy v., 0,Fr, douer, doer ; endow ; dowc 

WiCL. EX. xxii. 16; dowe [douwe] LangL 

Civ. 322 ; daed {pret,) PL. OR. 1528. 
dowingey sb., endowment, WiCL. s. w. III. 

171 ; Trev. III. 37. 
doubter, doiihtery see dohter. 
doujtiy doiihti, see duliti3. 
doukeiiy see duken. 
doul, see duveL 
domiy see dthL 
domieiiy v., ?0J^, deyna; smell: swet to 

downen {?ns, dowwnenn) Orm. 6745. 
donpar, sb. ; cf doppar and dopping ; the 

dabchick: dowpar, brid [dooper, H.] ^mergus* 

PR. P. 129. 
doureiiy Y,,^L,Ger, duren, M,H,G, turen; 

f grieve; doured {pret,) A. P. iii. 372. 
dousOy s\},,=^fM,Du, duise {concubina); har- 
lot, SPEC III ; dowse Townl. 104. 
dousoiir, sb., 0,Fr, dul9or, dou^or; sweet- 
ness : now for singlerti o hir dousour we call 

her fenix of Arrabi A. P. i. 429. 
doiist, see dust, doute, see dtite. 
douvOy see dave. 
douvre, sb., O.Fr, douvre {foss/, canal); 

rabbit-warren; douwere ^cuniculus* PR. P. 

128. 
D6vere, pr. n., f O.E, Dofere {dat. Doferan) ; 

Dover, Hav. 139; Man. (F.) 4335 ; Dovere, 

Dovre Laj. 7415, 8583. 
doweiiy see douen anddM^en. 
dowrie, sb.,=doiiaire; dowry: disherite & 

deprive dowrie of widoes A. P. ii. 185 ; Man. 

(H.) 151 ; doure PR. P. 128. 
dozeine, sb., 0,Fr. dozaine; dozen, Langl. 

B\y.n\ Ch. C. T.^578. 



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drfkbelen. 



dragoun. 



^73 



drabelen^ see dravelen* 
drsd, sb., dread, terror; dred, drede A. R. 
6, 364 ; i )>on castle wes muchel dred [drede] 
La^ 16^; heo hefden muchele drede 
2088; he hadde of water dred GEN. & EX. 
660; drede hom, II. 71; Misc. 193; Hav. 
828; Rob. 337; AYENB. 32; Langl. j^xvi. 
85; Ch. C. t. ^680; Rich. 5515; pr. c 
5263 ; hwone hit is aire mest on drede O. & N. 
684 ; drade Alis. 5740. 

drgd-ftil, adj., dreadful, A. R. 302; a L. 
454; H. H. 200 (202) ; dredvol AYENa 14. 

drddAil-li, adv., dreadfully ^ Langl. B 
xviL 62. 

dr§d-158, adj., dreadless, Gaw. 2334; PL. CR. 
524. 

diM-Iioh, adj., terrible^ A. R, 58; drddliche 

(adv,) HOM. I. 14. 

drednesse, sb., terror, HOM. I. 235 ; Jul. 

69. 
dreden, v., O.E, dreden, (on-)draedan (firet, 

dred),=(9.Z:.C7. (and-)dradan (pret, dred), O, 

H,G, (in-)tratan (pret, triat, triet) ; dread,OKU, 

1218, 5907 ; dreden HOM. I. 21 ; La^. 31164; 

A. R. 136 ; drede Gow. I. 344 ; Langu B xx. 

153; K.T.429; dredeat (/r^rJ.) JUL.24; drede)> 

Orm. 6179; P. 47; dret MlSC 95; AYENB. 

26; (hi) drede)> AYENB. 74 ; ne dred ))e nou3t 

LEG. 81 ; ne drede ^e ow nawiht Kath. 1403; 

dr&dde (pret.) Orm. 19965 ; GEN. & ex. 767; 

Shor. 49 ; dradde Bek. 127 ; Gow. I. 341 ; 

amp, an-, for-, of-drdden. 
drMung, sb., dreading, Orm. 5602. 
dradi, adj., timid*, dredi GEN. & EX. 872 ; 

WiCL. JUDO. vii. 3 ; L. H. R. 140. 
drefen, v., O.E, draefan,«=0.7Vl dreifa, Goth. 

draibjan, O.H.G. treiben, Dorset dial, dreve ; 

from di^n ; drive ; dz^ved {pret.) a. P. i. 

979; comp. &•, td-drS&n. 
drcBxn, see dream, 
drai; sb., cf M.L.G., M.Du., Swed. draf, 

«. «. OJi.G. pL treber; draff, dregs, ^ se- 

gisterium^ voc. 233^ Laj. 29256; draffe 

Langl. i9x. i I ; draf Ch. C. t. 735 ; \t\ draf 

AYENB. 93; drof GEN. & EX. 3582; COmp. 

win-drafl 

draf-Mk, sb., sack of dregs, Ch. C. T. A 
4206. 

drSf, sb., O.E. ^j^,^M.H.G. treip ; from 
dn£an; drove, driving: it hiled al ¥is werldes 
drof GEN. & EX. 102 ; wib duntes drof him al 
todraf l. h. R. 141 ; drove (dot.) WiCL. 
GEN. xviii. 7 ; drove of bestis Will. 181. 

draft, sb.,=draf ; dregs, WiCL. PS. xxxix. 3. 

dn^-y stem ofdrtk^exif v. 
draw(e)-brugge, sb., drawbridge, Alis. 
1205 ; drawebrigge D. Arth. 2474. 

drage, dragge, sb., O.Fr. dragee; meslin, 
mixed com, *mixtilio,* PR. P. 130; dragge 
^dragetum' {t comfit, sweetmeat) voa 178; 



PdraggSs (//.) f medicated sweetmeats, Ch. 
C. T. A 426 [6'text has drogges ; see drogge]. 

dragon, v., O.E. dragan, *= O.L.G., Goth^ 
dragan, O.N. draga, O.Fris. draga, drega, 
M.L.G. dragen, dregen, O.H.G. tragan; 
draw, carry, Laj. 105 30; for to dragen hine 
ut of )>isse wutte HOM. I. 47 ; dragen hom. 
II. 29; GEN. & EX. 2378; 4r^hen Angl. I. 
9; nile i noht dragen upon me . , . )>at 
maht Orm. 18406; drahen, draien, dre- 
hen, dreien Kath. 33, 1193, 2237; dreaien, 
dreien, drahen HOM. I. 257; dra;e ayenb. 
12; to schupe we mote dra^e Horn (L.) 
1420; draie Townl. 106; drahe, drawe 
O. & n. 1375 ; drawen A. R. 160; drawe P. S. 
153 ; Ch. C. t. A 1416 ; WiCL. John iv. 7 ; 
drawe his her P. L. S. xix. 266 ; qve))er i wit 
riht and la we mai him wit me til heUe drawe 
M. H. 56; dra^e {pres) O. & N. 970; (hi) 
drage)), drege)> Misc. 1^0, 151; swa dreie^ 
his erme saule in eche pme hom. 1. 27 ; drah 
(imper.) HOM. II. 149; dr6h (pre/.) Marh. 
2 ; Orm. 769 ; )>es due ... to fare sae him 
droh L^ 93 ; droh (was obedient) to his 
raede 9527 ; purpre and pal he droh rel. I. 
119; droj Fl. & Bl. 683 ; Gaw. 11 88; o))er 
folk J>ider droj ROB. 41 ; drog, drug GEN. & 
EX. 1746, 2717; drogh PR. c. 2249; ISUM. 
364; Amad. (R.) xxvi; drogh [drouj, drou] 
Langl. jffxiv. 106; droj, drou^, drou, dreuj 
WiCL. EX. iv. 7, JUDG. V. 21, Is. x. 13 ; drouh 
A. R. 102 ; he drouh hine a bak misc. 43 ; 
drou) . . . his swerd Marg. 309 ; to falshede 
evere he drou) leb. Jes. 772; drou), drou 
Will. 1068, 2208; drou Hay. 719; Egl. 
316; hu )>u dea^ drohe Kath. 2467 ; J)u . . , 
drowe me to )>e frag. 8; dro)en L^. 818; 
Gaw. 1463; dro)hen Orm. 8704; drohen 
Kath. 2155; drowen a. R. 110; drowen 
Langl. ^xi. 330; |»e ministris . . . )>at drowen 
)>e water WiCL. JOHN ii. 9 ; dra)hen ipple.) 
Orm. 7413 ; ut of latin ^is song is dragen 
GEN. & EX. 13; drain Trist. 706; drauhen 
Man. (H.) 183; drawen Hav. 1925; Mand. 
40; )iar for )>is buk es on Ingles drawen PR. C. 
336 ; comp. a^, )e-, to-, witf-dri^en. 
drawere, sb., drawer, WiCL. S. w. I. 193. 
drawiage, sb., drawing, p. L. S. xxi. 133* 

dragge, see dragd. 

draggiiiy v., cf. Swed. dragga ; drag, PR. P. 1 30. 

dragmOy sb., O.Fr. drame, drsLgme,fromLat, 
drachma, Gr. dpaxfi^ ; dram {weight, measure, 
coin), WiCL. Lk. XV. 8 ; drame PR. P. 
130; three hundrid dragmea {pi.) of silver 
WiCL. 2 Mac. iv. 19. 

dragonoey sb., Lot. dracontium; serpentine 
{herb), REL. I. 301; dragaunce PR. P. 130; 
dragauns voc. 256 ; dragans Halliw. 315. 

dragonety sb., from dragoiin ; a young dra- 
gon : that signifieth the dragonet Alis. 602. 

dragoun, sb., O.Fr. dragon ; dragon, Marg. 
158; dragun GEN. ^ ex. 2924 



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174 



dra^l'e/ 



drg}. 



dra^t'e, sb., ?=draht, ayenb. 251. 

drahen, see dra^en. 

draht, sh,,^M.H.G, dracht/, 0,N, drattr f9uj 

from dra^en ; draughty pull; load\ current 
of air \ drinke^adraht HOM. II. 199; to be is 
sd mi draucht 256 ; agen he maden here aragt 
GEN. & EX. 3745 ; draght [dra^t] C. M. 21266 ; 
i wolde have drawe the same draught (move 
in chess) Ch. d. Bl. 682 ; a draught [drauht, 
drau^t] of win C. T. ^ 396 ; draut (wj. drawte) 
PR. P. 131 ; a fan vorme drahte swi^(e) 
monie he ilahte La^ 29259; drahtes {pi) 
P. S. 153 ; drau^tes as me drawej) in poudre 
P. L. s. xvii. 225 ; drawe draghtes and (here) 
ber))enes Halliw. 315. 
drauht-brigge, sb., draw-bridge^ Man. 
(H.) 183 ; drautbrigge PR. P. 131 ; dra^t- 
brigge Fer. 1 1 13. 
draut-welle, sb., draw-well, PR. P. 131, 

draiy see derai. 

drdke, sb., 0,E, draca, from Lai, draco ; 
dragon, Orm. 1843 ; R. s. v ; gen. & ex. 283 ; 
K. T. 408 ; M. Arth. 2607 ; drdken (gen,) 
La^. 17876; be drake heaved A. R. 246; 
dr&ken (pL) La;. 15935 ; see dragoim. 

dr4ke% sb.,=Z:.a drake, M.L.G, antdrake, 
0,H,G, antrache ; drake, Hav. 1241 ; Ch. C. 
T. -^43576; drakes (pL) spec. 44; comp, 
Bohel-dr&ke. 

drdne, sb., 0,E, dran, draen, cf O.L,G. *dran 
{pi, drani), N,L,G, drone/, 0,H,G, treno m,; 
drone, ^fucus,' PR. P. 130; voc 177; LiDG. 
M. P. 154; )>a drane Sax. chr. 256; dro(ne) 
FRAG. 3 ; drones {pi,) PL. CR. 726. 

drdper, sb., 0,Fr. drapier; draper, Langl. 
Cvii. 250. 

drapeiie^ sb., 0,Fr, draperie ; drapery, rel. 
II. 175; (p. L. s. xxxiv. 11). 

drappeiiy v.,=droppen; drop, sink\ neigh 
to dede we gan drappe OCTOV. (W.) 567. 

draste, drasti, see dreste, drestL 

drau^ty dranhty see draht. 

drank, sb., = M,Du, dravick ; weedfsizanium^ 
voc. 265; PR. p. 130; REL. II. 80; drauc 
{printed drsinc) M. H. 152. 

dravelen, y,,=L,G, drabehi ; drivel, slaver, 
talk foolishly, \t\ don but dravele ))er on 
Langl. AuCx, 11; [drevele, drivele J9x. 11] ; 
drinken and drivelen [dravelen] -5 x. 41 (W. 
5683); drabelin PR. P. 129; draveled(/r^/.) 
Gaw. 1750; draveled {pple,) P. 55; comp, 
bi-dravelen. 

drawebriiggey see under dra;-. 

drawen, see driven. 

dream, sb., 0,E, dream {song, delight),^ 
OJL,G, drom {dream, feasting), OJ*'ris. dram, 
0,N. draumr, 0,H,G, traum, troum {dream), 
mod,Eng, dream; sound, music; dream, 
Kath. 1498; A. R. 210; bu iherdest ))ene 

.dream FRAG. 7; englene aream H. M. 19; 
dream, draem, drem La;, ioio, 14286) 24554 ; 



draem Orm. 923; drem Bev. 1339; Alis.' 
(Sk.) 781 ; Al. (T.) 487 ; J)e bemene drem 
HOM. II. 115 ; )ie drem . . . of harpe and pipe 
O. & N. 21 ; belles (? belle) drem rel. 1. 223 ; 
dreem spec. 7; drem dream gen. & ex. 
2095 ; Hav. 1284 ; Gow. I. 24 ; PR. c. 8076 ; 
mid te dredful dreame of )>e englene bemen 
A. R. 214; mid fulle dreme O. & N. 314; 
drfimes (pi) frag. 7; dremen {dot, pi) La). 
22876 ; comp, belle-, glee-, man-drdam. 
drem^redere, sb., interpreter cf dreams^ 
Trev. III. 143 ; dreemreder WiCL. gen. xL 
23. 

dreoohe, sb., f delay, dreche Halliw. 317; 
drechch(e) Gaw. 1972. 

dreccheii,v.,a£'. dreccan,= A/.//:6^. trecken; 
{f draw), harass, delay, drechen GEN. & 
ex. 1420; drecche Fer. 1997; Gow. IL 5 ; 
Ch. Tro. ii. 1264 ; p. r. l. p. 85 ; ac Sathanas 
j)e frecche be saule wule drecche {afflict) MISC 
75 ; dreoolie|> {pres,) SPEC 113; PL. CR. 504 ; 
Wiles he drecched {tarries) ¥ore REL. I. 21 1 
fMisc 4) ; (ha) drecche^ HOM. 1. 251 ; dreoohe 
{subj,) R. s. ii (misc. 162) ; if it so betide bis 
night bat ))e in slepe dreche ani wight Iw. 
480 ; dreochand {pple,) PS. cviii. 10 ; draihte 
{pret,) Alis.* (Sk.) 752 ; comp, ^e^dreoohen. 
dreochunge, sb., harassing, delay, H. M. 7 ; 
drecchinge Fer. 493 ; Gow. 218. 

dred, dreden, dredi, see dr&d, dr&den, 
drAdL 

dref, sb. {f or adj.), = O.H,G, truobi ; / trouble:^ 

for=0,H,G, truobi; painful', idolatrie ut- 

wrogte hem sorges dref gen. & ex. 4144. 

dref-fiil, adj., sorrowful i dreful and ble^ 

GEN. & EX. 2590. 

drefCid-li, adv., sorrowfully, Halliw. 317. 

drdfen, v., 0,E. drefen, = a//:^. truoben, 
Goth, drobjan ; from drof ; trouble, disturb', 
dreven hom. II. 195 ; ic and Eve sulen alle 
rh)is blisse dreve gen. & ex. 318; dreve^ 
ipres,) REL. 1. 220 ; drdfed {pple,) Orm. 147 ; 
comp, for-, ^e-drefen. 

dreg, sb., 0,N, Axt%% f,,^ Swed, dragg m.\ 
dregs, PS. xxxuc. 3 ; dreggee {pL) voc 198 ; 
Langl. -ffxix. 397 ; dreggis PR. P. 131. 

dre^, adj., 0,N, driugr, prov,Eng. dree ; 

from dr§o;en ; long; tedious; patient, Gaw. 
1750; drije 724; drej, drei3, drib HOM. II. 
49, 256, 258 ; his moder leof and dri^ leg. 
38 ; bi a river brode and dreghe Halliw. 
317; on drdghe, at a distance, D. Arth. 
786 ; drogh him o dreghe ANT. Arth. xliv ; 
a drej a. p. ii. 71 ; a dreigh [drei] Man. (F.) 
1042, 6048 ; on drije Gaw. 1031 ; whi draghes 
J)ou on dregh why dost thou delc^ D. Troy 
11647; a drigh Gow. II. 46; derfe dintes 
and drS^e {pi) Alex. 2091 ; |»e sinnez dri)e 
A. P. i. 822 ; ]>ou lovest Tristrem dreije {adv) 
Trist. 3035 ; comp, nn-dre). 
ds63-li, adv., «= O.N, driugliga ; at grMi 



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drej. 

lengthy tediously^ Gaw. 1026; dre^li, dri^i 
A. P. ii. 74, 476; dreli Townl. 90; dreghli 
D. Troy 2379. 
dre^, see drii^. 

dre^, sb., length : alle the dreghe of the dale 
D. Arth. 2915; dregh of the derke night 
D. Troy 678. 
dre^eiiy see drdo^en. 

dreggi, adj.,«=5'«/<?^. draggig; from dreg; 
dreggy^ ^faeculentuSy PR. P. 131. 
drehen, see dre^eiik 
dreie, sb., ?= Swed, drfig {traha) ; dray ; dreie 

['rheda']TKE.wAlh 145. 
dreieiiy see dn^en. dreniy see dream, 
dreighty ^.,from dr^^, adj., length : the dai 
of }« dreight {the longest day) drivin uppo 
long D. Troy 10633. 

dremels, sb., dreamy Langl. A viii. 138. 
dremeiiy v., O.E, dreman, dry man (be joyful)^ 
= 0,N, dreyma, 0,H,G, troumen (dreani)^ 
mod.Eng. dream ; from dream ; sounds re- 
sound, sirtg aloud; dream \ heogunnen dremen 
hfc^ 13586 ; harpen gunnen dremen 22885 » 
dremen {dream) GEN. & EX. 2067 ; dr§me 
(pres,) Gow. I. 281 ; murie dreamed engles 
HOM. I. 191 ; )>et ower beoden . . . dreamen 
wel ine drihtenes earen A. R. 430 ; a selkuth 
drem drdmde (Pret.) me nou Ha v. 1284; 
him drempte gen. & ex. 1941 ; J)eines ))er 
diemden LA3. 11575. 

dreznere, sb., 0,E, dremere (musidan),^ 
O.H,G, troumari {dreamer) ; dreamer ^ WiCL, 
GEN. xxxvii. 19; dremare ^somniator* PR. P. 
131 ; dremer CM. 41 11. 

drexninge, sb., dreaming^ ^ somfmiacioy 
PR. P. 131 ; to hir he tolde of bis dremeing 
S. s. (Web.) 3089. 

drenoh, sb., O.E, drenc, cf 0,L,G. dranc, O, 
HXx. tranch »f., Goth, dragk «., mod,En^, 
drench ; from drinken ; drink, potion, R. s. 1 ; 
drench, draenc LA3. 10234, 16084; drench, 
drenche ROB. 68, 69; drenohe {dot,) MISC. 
82 ; HORN (H.) 1 199; drenches {gen,) Laj. 
19755 ; drenohe {gen, pi,) Laj. 19759. 
drencheiiy v., 0,E, drencan {pret, drencte), 
0,Fris. drenka, 0,N, drekkja, 0,H,G, tren- 
chen, Goth, dragkjan, mod,Eng, drench ; 
drown, plunge in water, LA5. 1507; Hay. 
583 ; ich wille me drenchen in \t welle S. s. 
(Web.) 1464 ; i schal drenchen in ))e depe 
Ch. C. T. -5 455; drenche O. & N. 1205; 
Langl. -5 viii. 50; Gow. III. 295; heo let 
. . . drenche bobe two Rob. 27 ; i schaJ drenche 
min arewis in olood ^inebriabo sagittas meas 
sanguine '] WiCL. DEUT. xxxii. 42 ; to'drench- 
cnde HOM. II. 39; drengte {pret,) LA5. 121 11 ; 
drcinte P. S.217; Man. (F.) 2008; dreint 
(pple,) Rob. 52 ; Gow. III. 10; idreint Ch. 
C. T. A 3520 ; comp, a-, for-drenchen. 

drenchins^ sb., drowning, Trev. III. 395 ; 
WICL.S.W. III. 153. 



drdorij. 



'75 



dreng, sb., 0,E, dreng, ffrom 0,N, drengr ; 
warrior, man {male person), Hav. 31 ; drmg 
La^. 1 27 13; CM. 1 541 4; dringen {dat.pl.) 
La^. 12933 ; comp, here-dring. 

drenien^v., O.E,dTehn\?in,=M,H,G, trehenen 
{from trahen drop, tear) ; strain out : ^e 
cbrenie'S (^pres,) |>anne {r, ^ne) gnet a weig 
Mat. xxiii. 24. 

drenkleiiy see drinklen. 

dreo^en, v., 0,E, dreogan {accomplish, carry 
through, suffer) cf, 0,L,G, (bi-)driogan {de- 
ceive), Goth, driugan (orpaTCuecr^at), 0,H,G, 
triugan {deceive); endure; carry through to 
the end, accomplish, P. L. S. viii. 145 ; drie^en 
Angl. 1. 24 ; dregen GEN. & ex. 512 ; drejhen 
eche )>ine Orm. 1505; drei^en, driaen FRAG. 
6, 8 ; drehen Kath. 626; dea^ drehen Jul. 
7 ; pine to bolie ant dreje SPEC. 62 ; fat |)ou 
ne mist )>is fore ward holde ne dre^e 105 ; dreye 
Horn (R.) 1047 (H. 1078) ; drei M. H. 59 ; 
dree ISUM. 379 ; dri3en, drien [drehen] Laj. 
370, 6228 ; drighe, dreghe PR. C. 2044, 2235 ; 
dri^e Gaw. 560 ; A. P. li. 372 ; drien A. R. 80; 
drie Marg. 34 ; Will. 459 ; R. R. 7484 ; k. 
T. 235 ; he smot as faste as he might drie 
Halliw. 318 ; penance for to drie P. 27 ; 
drie {pres,) HiCKES I. 228; Degr. 560; 
drih^ A. R. 356 ; )>a sunfulle monne J>e drej^ 
{perform) a heore uvele werkes HOM. I. 23 ; 

fat man his licames lust drige {satisfy) HOM. 
I. 31 ; dreg {pret,) gen. & EX. 429; drej 
Al, (T.) 337 ; be sorewe |)at he dre^ {f printed 
dregh) S. S. (Web.) 2660; dreih A. R. 136; 
drei^h, drei Will. 2796, 2864; al J)at ha 
druhen [drehden] Kath. 628; dr6gen {pple^) 
GEN. & EX. 2402; comp, a-, ^e-dreo^en; 
deriv, drihte. 

dreopeiLy v., 0,E, dreopan,=O.Z.(7. driopan, 
O.Fris, driapa, 0,N, driupa, 0,H,G, triiuan ; 
drip; drepe lud. Cov. 170; dreepith {pres!) 
LiDG. M. P. 161 ; deriv, drope, drippe. 
drdori^, drerij, adj., 0,E, dreorig,= 0,H,G, 
trureg; from dreosen; dreary, sad, Orm. 
4752,4838; dreori ^moestus* frag. 4; rel. 
I. 178 ; ich am dreori Marh. 15 ; dreori ))05t 
Bek. 1273 ; dreori fustes a. r. 106 ; of dreori 
mod(e) SPEC. 70; dreri Kath. 2049; Ch. C. 
T. E 514 ; PR. c 791 ; Isum. 125 ; av. Arth. 
Ixvi ; dreri, druri WiCL. 2 Esdr. ii. 2 ; heo 
weoren ... an heorte druri [dreri] Laj. 14547 ; 
druri Em. 808 ; A. P. i. 323 ; drerier {comp,) 
WiCL. GEN. xl. 7. 

driri-hed, sb.,=0./f.6^. truregheit; dreari- 
ness, sculness, GEN. & EX. 11 22. 

drSori-, dreri-liohe, adv., drearily, Kath. 
1898, 2316 ; dreriliche leg. 173. 

dreri^-mod, adj., 0,E. dreorigmod; sad- 
minded, Orm. 6541 ; drerimod an. lit. 6 ; 
Angl. IV. 199; drurimod Fer. 1103. 

dreorinesse, sb., 0,E, dreorigness ; dreari- 
ness ; drerinesse [* tristitia '] WiCL. ecclus. 
iv. 8. 



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176 



dreoseiu 



drthten. 



[dreoeen, v., O.E, dreosan,=: 0,L,G, driosan, 
Gotk. driusan, fall\ comp, ^e-, td-drSosen; 
deriv, drdori^.] 

drepen, v., 0,E, drepan,=0.iV. drepa, O.H. 
G, trefan; strike^ beat, HOM. I. 28i; Hav. 
1865; drepe D. Troy 9854 ; 6x&p^{pres,) 
REL. I. 221 ; drepez A. p. ii. 246 ; drap (firet!) 
Map 343; drop Hav. 2229; drapen Sax. 
CHR. 262 ; drape PS. xciii. 6 ; drSpe (subj\) 
Hav. 506 ; dropen (ppie,) gen. & ex. 2648. 
dreping, sb., smiting, killing', J>er was swilk 
dreping of ))e folk Hav. 2684. 

drepen, v., 0,E, dry pan, = 0,N. dreypa, 
M,H.G. troufen, troufen ; besprinkle ; heom 
me dr6pe)> (pres.) mid |>e piche MISC. 151 ; 
and elles where hem dripe (imper.) Pall. ii. 
277. 

drepecLy see dr§open. dreiiy see drSori^. 

dreiied, adj., A^^dreorl^; saddened^wretch- 
ed\ alle dai dreried i in went PS. xxxvii. 7. 

dresseiiy v., 0,Fr, dresser, from medXat, dl- 
rectiare, from directus (straight) ; mod,E, 
dress ; make straight, direct, set in order, 
prepare, equip; dress; direct one's course, 
go : Ch. C. t. a 3468 ; dressinge (pple,) 
WiCL. NUM. xxiv. I ; dreBsede (pret.) D. 
Arth. y^ ; dressed (pple,) a. p. ii. 92. 
dressinge, sb., mod,Eng, dressing ; making 
straight, directing, preparing, * direction PR. 
P. 131 ; dressing (pL) WiCL. PS. xcviii. 4. 

dressoury sb.,<9./>.drecoir, drechoir; dresser, 
table for preparing food; dressure ^dres- 
sorium * PR. p. 131 ; dressore L. C, c. 20. 

dreste, sb., 0,E. drestan, derstan, dasrstan,= 
O.H.G, trestir; dregs, dross, [*faex*] WiCL. 
PS. Ixxiv. 9; dersten *amurca* frag. 4; 
drestis PR. P. 131; drastis 'faeces' VOC 
178. 

drestiy adj., full of dregs, 'faeculentus,' PR. P. 
131 ; ))i drasti [darstij speche Ch. C. t, B 
2113- 

dreveleiLy see dravelen. 

dreveiLy see drfifen anddxet^xu 

dri, sb., O.E. dry ; wizard, * magus} FRAG. 2. 
dri^-orafty sb., 0,E, dry-, dreocraeft ; magi- 
eal art, Orm. 16053. 

dri^-man, sb., 0£. diyman; magician, 
Orm. 1 605 1. 

drie, see dru^e. 

drieiiy see drdo^en and drti^en, 

dnfeiiy v., O.E. dnfan,=aA^. dnfa, 0,Fris, 
driva, Goth, dreiban, 0,H,G, tnban; drive, 
Orm. 16982 ; drive Ch. Tro. v. 1179; gomen 
. . . driuen La^ 24706 ; ich isaeh |>ae u)>en i 
bere sae driven 28073 ; drife M. H. 31 ; drive 
i^EK. 197 ; toward \^ halle he gan drive s. s. 
(Web.) 967 ; drivest (pres,) A. R. 230 ; swa 
hund j>ene heort drivel LA5. 26762 ; j^at te 
deovel . . . drivel ow to donne Jul. 26 ; drifb 
AYENB. 75 ; hi drivej> ibid. ; heo J>e drivef 



heonne o. & N. 66; ))us )>ei drive forJ> (pass) 
|)e dai Gow. I. 16; dnve (subj,) hom. I. 
21 ; diif (imper,) Laj. 17613 ; A. R. 274 ; 
none cheffare ne drive ^e 418; drivende 
(pple,) A. R. 244; drftf (pret,) Marh. 8; 
Orm. 8260 ; draf, drof Jul. 76, yy ; Laj. 309, 
7843 (miswritten draef 9367) ; drof Bek. 675 ; 
Mand. 86 ; a. p. i. 1152 ; a wind . , . drof hem 
intil Enge(l)lond Hav. 725 ; (Hjavelok it sau 
and J)ider drof 1793 ; drof [drool ] Ch. C. t. D 
1540 ; dref Man. (F.) 1590 ; bou drive Horn 
(R.) 1279 ; heo driven balles LAj. 24703 ; heo 
driven [drive] in to )>an castle 1675 ? driven 
Alis. 5731 ; drive ROR 21 ; driven [drevcn] 
WiCL. 2 KINGS vi. 3; dreve Rich. 5092; 
drifbn (pple) Orm. 8239; driven Mand. 
67 ; to longe we haven driven ure dusischipes 
Kath. 1 816 ; drive Will. 979 ; dreven WiCL. 
ex. viii. 9 ; L. H. R. 68 ; comp, bi-, for-, je-, 
to-, )mrh-drifen ; deriv, dr&f^ drifte. 

dnfer, sh., »M.L.G. driver, O.I/,G. tripari ; 
driver, VOC 213. 

drifte, sh,,= M.Du., M,L,G, drift, OJ^, dript, 
M,H,G. trift; from drifen; drift, cut of 
driving; herd, 'armentum, VOC 279 ; PR. P. 

132 ; drift Alis*. (Sk.) 897 ; Jjc drift of J>e 
snouh s. A. L. 221. 
dn^, see dri and dre^ dri^, see dru^ 
dn^en, see dreo^en and drfi^en. 
drih, adj., iamey gentle \ lomb is drih and 
milde HOM. 49. 
drihte, sb., 0,E. dryht, driht,= ai^w. drecht, 
OJ^G. druht, OM, drott, Goth, drauhts f.\ 
from dr§o^en ; retinue, host, Laj. 92. 

driht-fiEtre, sb., retinue, Kath. 1852. 

driht-folo, sb., 0,E. dryhtfolc,=O.Z.a 
druhtfolc; dependants, La). hi. 

driht-fid, adj., glorious*, be drihtfiile 
\sec, text kinewui^ej godd Apollo mi lauerd 
Jul. 13. 

driht-lio, adi., 0,E. dryhtlic; noble i }ns 
drihtliche lond LA3. 3784; drihtliche men 
1623. 

driht-mon, sb., vassal, La^ 14715- 

drihtnesse, sb., majesty, HOM. I. loi ; Kath. 
1346. 
drihten, sb., 0,E, dryhtcn, drihten,= ^.Z.^. 
drohtin, 0./^fw.drochten, O.^Vldrdttin, 0,H.G, 
truhtin; lord, HOM. I. 91; drihten [driste] 
La^. 4; drihten, dristen REL. I. 171 (Sal. & 
Sat. 227); drihtin Kath. 1095; Orm. 2; 
driven REL. 1. 186 ; drihtin Gaw. 996 ; drihte, 
dricte (printed dritte), drichte (printed 
drithte) P. L. S. viii. 40, 55, 60; drihte C L. 
27 ; M. H. I ; dryhte misc 83 ; drihte Horn 
(L.) 1310; Shor. 61; Langl. Byaxx. 269; 
(f printed drighte) Alis. 6402 ; Map 348 ; 
drihtenes (gen) frag. 6 ; a. r. 430 ; drih- 
tenes, drihtnes hom. I. 11, 105; diihtene 
(dcU,) LA3. 20 ; drihtene, drihtne HOM. I. 33, 
105. 



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drillen. 



droppen. 



177 



drillen, v., =s M,Du. drillen, Swed. drilla, 
ZP<7«. diille; f act deceitfully ; elude*, selcu^ 
vs thine o |>c, pilate wit drightin for to drill 
C Bl. 16390 ; )>e ded ai wen we for to drille 
33715 ; comp, aKbrillen. 

drino, sb., 0,E, drinc (? =drync) ; drink^ 
M. H. 24; ]>ene drinc La^. 1303; drinc, 
drinch Orm. 165, 15388; drinch HOM. I. 
283 ; drink Mand. 248 ; P. 42 ; Degr. 1739 ; 
drinke (dot,) Brd. ii ; drinches [dringesj 
(//.) LA5. 3558 ; drinkes HOM. II. 179; Hav. 
1738 ; comp, love-, over-drinc. 
drinke-lSfl, adj., without drinky HOM. I. 
141. 

dringy see dreng. 

drinky see drtno. 

drinkeleiiy see drjnklin. 

drinken, v., O.E. drincan,«0.Z.(7. drincan, 
Goth, drigkan, 0,Fris, drinka, 0.N, drekka, 
OJi.G. trinchan, trinkan; drink^ Mat. xx. 
33; La^. 5804; A. R. 44; Hav. 800; {ms, 
drinnkenn) Orm. 165; drinke Shor. 26; 
drinca leechd. III. 128; drinkeS (pres,) 
HOM. II. 199 ; drino (imper,) Laj. 14348 ; 
dranc (pret^ GEN. & EX. 1660 ; (ms, drannc) 
Orm. 1374 ; drank mom. II. i i i ; Rich. 3090 ; 
Ch. C. t. B 743 ; LiDG. M. p. 91 ; drone A. R. 
310 ; drone, dronk [drong] Laj. 6928, 19796 ; 
drank leb. Jes. 323 ; heo drunken La^. 14285 ; 
drunken Gow. III. 21 ; (ms, drunnkenn) 
Orm. 4797 ; dronken Will. 1906 ; Ch. C. t. 
A 823 ; dronken [dronke] Langl. B xiv. 64 ; 
^ dronke (subj,) Orm. 14482; drunken 
(pple.) Orm. 14057 ; Rich. 661 ; dronken 
Ch. C. t. -r4 135 : comp. a^, ^e-drinken ; deriv, 
drinc, drencdi, drano» drunken, 
drinkere, sb., 0,E. drincere, ^ 0,I/,G, trin- 
chare; drinkery treat. 138; ayenb. 52; 
Man. (F.) 3986; drinkerea (pi) HOM. II. 
55 ; drinkares a. R. 216. 
drinkinge, sb., drinking^ HOM. II. 37; 
drinking Orm. 1 9063. 

drinklin, v., plunge^ drown, * mergOy pr. p. 
133 ; ^ ^ childre so drinkelen bead GEN. & 
EX. 2768; drenkled (pret,) c M. 1236; 
drenkled (pple.) Man. (F.) 997. 

dripen, see dr§pen. 

drippe, sh.y^ Dan. dryp, M,Du. druppe, 
OJf.G. trupha ; from diSSk>pen ; drip, drop, 
^gutta, stilla* PR. P. 132. 

drippin, v.,^Dan, dryppe, MX.G.y M.Du. 
dnippcn, M.H,G. trupfen ; drip^ ^stilio,' 
PR. P. 132. 
driri, see dreori). 

drit, sb., OJSl. dritr, cf. M.Du, drijt ; dirt, ex- 
crement, ^stercus* PR. P. 132 ; Trev. IV. 423 ; 
P. L. s. i. 7 ; eattes drit P. S. 240 ; drit and 
donge Alis. 4718 ; Langl. A vii. 178 ; muk 
or drit WiCL. E. w. 22. 
dpit-cherl, sb., cf. L,G, dritkerl ; (term of 
contempt), Hav. 682. 



drite^ v., 0,E, (ge-)dntan, - M.Du. drijten, 
O.N, drita ; * cacare^ CATH. 109. 

driTel, sh.,^ M.L.G., M.Du, drevel; bond- 
servant, H. M. 29; drivil PR. p. 132; 
driveles (//.) Kath. 2154. 

driveleny see drarelen. dnven, see drifen. 

drobli, drobliny see drubli, drublin. 

drof, adj., O.E. dTbi,^M.L.G. drove, M.Du, 
droeve, 0,H,G, truobi; troubled, sad: drof 
he wes on mode La^ 1040. 
dr6f-lio,adj., O.E. drdfilc,= M,L.G, droflik; 
La^ 1026. 

drdfy see drftfl 

droggSy sb., 0,Fr, drogue; drug; droggea 
[drugges] Ch. C. t. A 426. 

drogman« sb., med,Lat. dragumanus, ^om 
Arab, tarjuman; interpreter, Alis. 3401. 

dromedariOy sb., O.Fr. dromadaire ; drome- 
dary, Mand. 243 ; dromedaries (pi.) leg. 97, 

dromelusy sb., dromedary, Orm. 6966. 

dromound, sb.,= O.N. dxQmMndt,from 0,Fr. 
dromont, LcU. dromo, Gr. dp6fi<op ; a kind of 
war-vessel \ dromoun Rich. 1407; droumund 
2525; droumound 2458; dromouns (//.) 
Alis. 90; Ar. & Mer. 113 

drdnOy see drtoe. 

drdnen, \.,^MJ..G., M.Du, dronen; roar, 
bellow-, he droimed (pret,) as a drs^on 
Alis«. (Sk.) 985. 

dronken^ see drunken. 

dronklen, v., ?=druncnen; submerge, be sub^ 
merged, drown: j)e schip )>at was so grete, it 
dronkled (pret,) in the flode Man. (H.) 170 ; 
dronkeld 289; four & twenti )K>usand in 
Temse . . . wer dronkled (pple,) of Danes 
Man. (H.) 43. 

drope, sb., 0,E, dropa,=0.iV. dropi, 0,L.G. 
dropo, O.H.G. tropho, tropfo ; from drSopen ; 
drop, ^gutta, stilla,' FRAG. 3 ; HOM. I. 211 ; 
Mand. 51 ; Ch. C. t. A 131 ; Hoccl. i. 415 ; 
PR. c. 3065 ; senne drope blod [one blodes 
drope] La^. 7650 ; a lutel deawes drope A. R. 
184; a watres drope GEN. & ex. 1018; ber 
ne ful nojt a reines drope P. L. s. xvii. 369 ; 
o drope of blode xix. 294 ; no drope of water 
s. s. (Web.) 1 1 53; ))ane drope ayenb. 92; 
dropen (pL) A. R. 220 ; treat. 136; ayenb. 
84 ; droppe Lk. xxii. 44 ; comp, rein-drope. 
drope-fiEkllinff« sb., rain: as dropefeUing 
droppende upon erthe WiCL. PS. Ixxi. 6 ; 
dropefSetllingrua (//.) Ixiv. 11. 
drope-mdle, adv., 0,E. dropmselum ; by 
drops, A. R. 282. 

dropesie, see idropesie. 

droppen, v., O.E. droppan,=^.Z,.(7., M.Du. 
dropen, M.H.G. tropfen; dro^\ droppe]' 
(pres.) Mand. 50; droppe (subj.) Mirc 
1938 ; droppinde (pple.) saints (Ld.) 317 ; 
dropped (pret,) Ch. C. t. CP 580; ))e clobes 
droppede Trev. IV. 429 ; as ))ei dropped a 
doun Langl. B xvi. 79 ; comp, bi-droppen. 



N 



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178 



droppen. 



drunken* 



droppinge, sb., dropfdng^ ^stillacio* PR. P. 

132; dropping of rem Ch. C. t. -^2276; 

droppinge of Hesshe, or fishe in the rostinge 

*cadula* PR. P. 133. 
dros, sb., 0,E. dros,=AfX.G. dros, 0,I/.G. 

gitros ; f from dreosen ; dross^ A. R. 284 ; 

PR. C. 3339; L. H. R. 147. 
drosne, sb., fO.E. drosn (//.drosna), O.H,G. 

trosena, trusana, truosana {pL) ; dregs ^ *fi^i 

FRAG. 4 ; drosenes {pi.) and dregges Langl. 

Cix. 193. 
drotin, v., f 0,N, dratta; drawly lisp^ Urau- 

lo^ PR. p. 133. 
droukinge, sb.,=droupinge; slumber, vk.'p, 

113: als i lay in a winteris nit in a drouken- 

ing (?=droupening) bifore the dai Map 334; 

fordolled in a droukning dred L. R. H. 141. 
droiineiiy see drunonen. 
droupiiiy see drapen. 
droupneziy see drtipnen. 
droveiiy y,yfrom drof ; trouble, disturb', drove 

C. M. 11974; droves (pres,) PR. c. 1319; 

droved {pple,) [* turbata *] PS. vi. 4 ; see 

dreven. 
droving, sb., trouble, affliction \^ tribuIatio*\ 

PS. xxi. 12; CM. 22384; drovinges {pL) 

xxxiii. 20. 
drovi, 2id}.,=M'JL,G, drovich; turbid, rel. 

I. 220; Ch. C. t. /816 ; a. p. ii. 1016. 
drubli, drobliy adj., muddy, *turbidusy* pr. p. 

132. 
drublinesse^ sb., muddiness, Uurbulencia,* 

PR. P. 133. 

drublin, v., ? =trublen; * turbo,* PR. P. 133. 

drJierie, sb., OJ^r, druerie ; love, friendship, 
Fl. & Bl. 382 ; dnirie HOM. I. 27J ; Langl. 
A\, 85 ; driwerie A. R. 250 ; druries (//.) 
PR. c. 7825 ; Gaw. 1506. 

dru^e, adj., 0,E. dryge, drige, drege=Z.(7. 
driige, MJ^»G, druge, droge, M,Du, droogh ; 
dry ; mid druje fotan HOM. I. 87 ; drui^e 
L. H. R. 142; druie A. R. 276; druie Rob. 
531 ; CHR. E. 346; LEG. 12 ; )>oIe^ . . . 
hwile druie {sb,) Sc hwile wete HOM. II. 123 ; 
drue P. S. 193; druje, drije A. P. ii. 385, 
412 ; {ms. dri35c) Orm, 9883 ; |>e drige stedes 
HOM. II. 85 ; dri^e wude frag. 3 ; driije 
TRANS. XVIII. 23 ; drige, drie GEN. & EX. 616, 
3910; drie REL. I. 226;. TREAT. 1 35 ; Gow. 

II. 266 ; drie [dreie] Ch. C. t. A 420 ; Ch. p. 
F. 380 ; for drie C. T. E 409 ; drege Mat. xii. 
43; dreje Shor. 145; dreie HOM. I. 227; 
draie ayenb. 240. 

drinessey sb., dryness, PR. P. 132; LiDG. 
M^p. 194. 
drU^eiiy drujien, v., O.E. drygan, drugian, 
druwian, = L,G. driigen, MJL,G, drugen, 
drogen; dry\ drigen hom. II. 87; driin 
^sicco^ PR. P. 132; dreie LUD. Cov. 230; 
whanboudnil38t(>>r^j.) Langl. ^ i. 25; drie^ 
Ch. C. t. a 1495 ; drfiide {pret,) Trev. 



V. 113; dride HOM. II. 155; driede Mand. 

68 ; dreide Lk. vii. 38 ; dri^^ed {ppU:) Orm. 
' 8625 ; dried GEN. & ex. 3681 ; PS. xxi. 16 ; 

comp, a^, for-dru3en, -drti^ien (drfiwien). 
druggeiiy v., drag\ drugge and drawe Ch. 

C. T. A 1416. 
druggusge, sb., dragging: his owune rode 

on his softe schuldres so herde druggunge 

HOM. I. 207. 
druhf'ey sb., 0,E, druga^, =Z.6^. driigde, 

M,Du, drooghte; drought*, druh]>e Orm. 

8626; dru3j>e ayenb. 68 ; drui))e [droujte] 

Trev. VII. 473 ; drou^jje saints (Ld.) 315 ; 

drouhJ)e, drouthe, drou^te, drojbe A. P. il 

524 ; drouthe Langl. j? x. 296 ; drugte GEN. 

& EX. 2348 ; droughte [droghte] Ch. C. T. -4 2. 
driinc, drtinohy sb., 0»E, 6xync,=^ OJI,G, 

trunch, 0,N. drykkr ; from drinken ; drink, 

drinking, A. R. 14, 114; drunch Marh. 8; 

drunche {dat,) HOM. II. 41 ; mid unmete 

drunche HOM. I. 103. 
drimo-wil, adj., greedy of drink, A. R. 

2l6*. 

drunoneiiy v., 0,E, druncnian, = O.N. druk- 
kna, Swed, drunkna, drukkna, modEng, 
drown; be drowned; be, make drunk: i shal 
drunkne \^ inebriabo*] thee with mi teres WiCL. 
Is. xvi. 9; drunkenes, dronkenes (pres.) 
M. H. 138; ha druncne^ )>er in Marh. 15; 
druncnen {ms. drunncnenn) Orm. 15398; 
drunonie {subj,) A. R. 58 ; drunknede Cprei) 
WiCL. Is. bdii. 6 ; )>e swin umen . . . into \t 
sse & druncnede hem selven hom. II. 39; 
dronkened PS. bdv. lo; drouned A. P. ii. 372; 
druncned {pple,) Orm. 6795; drouned 
Mand. 57 ; Lidg. m. p. 149 ; comp. of-druno- 
nen. 
dmnoning, sb., drowning, Orm. 14547. 

driiiikeii,adj., 0,E, drunken, = (9. A'l drukkin, 
0,H,G. trunchan ; from drinken; drunken, 
Orm. 14065 ; GEN. & EX. 871 ; )>a heo weore 
swa drunken LA3. 13465 ; dronken Mand. 
250 ; dronke ayenb. 75 ; Ch. C. T. A 3128; 
)>a drunkene cnihtes Laj. 1 3526; comp, for-, 
win-drunken. 

drunken-hdd, sb., drunkenness. Sax. CHR. 
209; WiCL. Is. V. 11; dronkenhede Gow. 
III. 20; dronkehede AYENB. 260. 
dronke-l§o, sb., drunkenness, MiRC 31. 
drunke-Bhepe, sb., drunkenness, * ebrietas,* 
PR, P. 134; dronkeshipe Gow. III. 20. 

drunken^ v., drown, plunge in water; 
drunkede {pret.) WiCL. ECCLUS. xxxix. 28; 
dronked (pple.) Will. 3516; comp. of- 
drunken. 

drunken, sb., O.E. dmncen,^ Goth, drugk- 
anei, O.N. drykkni, OJi.G. trunchenf; 
drunkenness, HOM. I. 175 (hom. II. 2s8; 
MISC. 67) ; Laj. 6070 ; the millere bat for 
drunken [dronken] was al pale Ch. C. T. A 
3120 ; drunke P. L. s. viii. 128. 



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dmnken. 



dU36^. 



179 



dronken-lSwe, sb., drunkard^ WiCL. Mat. 
xxiv. 49; drunkelewe, dronkelewe Gow. III. 
5 ; dronkelewe Langl. B viii. 83 ; drunke-, 
dronkenlewe Ch. C. T. D 2043; drunkeleu 
^ebriosus^ PR. P. 133 ; drunkleu LiDG. M. P. 

dnmkenease, sb., 0,E, drunceness, drun- 

cenness ; drunkennessy HOM. I. 13 ; O. & N. 

1399; drunkennesse Orm. 166; dronken- 

nesse [dronkenesse] Ch. C. T. C549. 
dmnken-aom, adj., given to drinky A. R. 

216*. 
drup, adj., kumbUy drooping \ drfipeBt 

{suferL) Mark. 16; drupest aire monne 

Kath. 2050. 
drupen, v., OJV, drupa, droop ; decUney sink 

down : droupin ^IcUito^ PR. P. 113 ; droup(e) 

& dare trans. XVIII. 26 ; m. Arth. 2575 ; 

dronpe {pres) MiN. i. 9; Townl, 223; 

droupus ant. Arth. v; drupand (ppie,) 

[drupand, droupand] ... he sagh }>eir chere a 

M. 4457 ; drouped (prei,) his arwes drouped 

nought wij) fe))eres lowe Ch. C. t. A 107; 

dropede Fer. 1103. 
droupinge, sb., droopingy ' latitatiOy PR. P. 

113; drouping Gaw. 1750 ; D. Troy 3291. 
drupi, adj., downcasty HOM. 1. 205 ; Halliw. 

321 ; make% drupie chere A. R* ZZ, 
drupnm, v., = 0,N, drupna ; droopy be humbUy 

HOM. I. 259; i droupne ant dare SPEC 54; 

dronpnlnde (pple,) Horn (H.) 1126. 
droupnixige» droupening» sb., dejectiony 

Map 340. 
drBriy see dr§orl^ 
druS, sb., 0,Fr, driid, from O.H.G. drut ; 

darlingy HOM. I. 269. 
druwiexLy see dra3ien. 
dubbeiiy v., 0,E. dubbian. Sax. chr. 219,= 

0.iV. dubba; duby adorn \ to cnihte hine 

dubben [dobben] Laj. 22497; dubbe him 

knight ISUM. 484; )>eo kni^tis heore bodi 

dnbbe]' (/r^x.) ALis.4311 ; dubbede {preL) 

Hav. 2314; dubbed (ppie,) Gaw. 75; L. 

H. r. 127 ; dubbed and dight PR. C. 8790 ; 

dubbed wib precious stones Mand. 241 ; 

idubbed [idobbed] Laj. 19578; idobbed 

AYENB. 83. 
dubbing, sb., dubbing of a knighty HORN 

(L.) 438; dobbinge Shor. 15. 
dubbement, sb., 0,Fr, adobement; embel- 

lishmentx the dubbement dere of doun & 

dalez A. P. i. 121. 
dable, adj., O.Fr, duble, doble ; doubiey A. R. 

70 ; p. L. S. ii. 176 ; doble Bek. 417 ; double 

Gow. I. 7; i will have three sithe double 

isb.) of his Rich. 2096; doublechinned 

Trev. I. 299. 
doublenesae, sb., dupUcityy falsenessy Ch. 

C. t. G 1300. 
dnblen^ v., 0»Fr, doubler, dobler; double \ 

doblin, dobelin PR. P. 125 ; dubli Brd. 28 ; 

N 



double)> {pres^) Shor. 34 ; doble)> ayenb. 

22 ; dubled [doubled] (pret) a M. 6954. 
dobler^ sb., 0,Fr. doublier ; plaitery a. p. ii. 

1 146; dobeleres (//.) Langl. j9xiii. 81, 

Cxvi. 91. 
dublet, sb., 0.i^r. doublet ; doublet \ doblette, 

dobbelet PR. P. 125 ; Gaw. 571 ; doublett 

LiDG. M. P. 54 ; dobelat voc. 182 ; doplit 

238. 
diio, sb., OJFr. due ; dukey Laj. 86 ; a. r. 300 ; 

Fl. & Bl. 697 ; due [duk] Ch. C. t. A 893 ; 

duk [duik] WiCL. Mat. ii. 6 ; duik l.h. R. 

149. 
duohe, sb., />., duch^; duchy y Langl. Civ. 

245; Man. (F.) 3150. 
duoberie» sb., duchy y dukedom : Trev. IV. 

145 ; ducherie of Kent 187 ; that dale 

duoheries (//.) he delte D. Arth. 3615. 
duobesse, sb., O.Fr, duchesse ; duchessy Ch. 

C. T. A 923. 
duddCy sb., / sort of hood Br cloaky * birruSy 

PR. P. 134. 
due, adj., O.Fr. ^tut, from Lat, debitus; due 

jif me be diu a destine due to have A. P. iii. 

49 ; Trev. 1 v. 189 ; Gow. 1. 19 ; in dewe time 

Trev. V. 407 ; Lidg. m. p. 207 ; fe most holi 

werke, and most duwe to i>relatis WiCL. 

S. w. III. 179 ; due (sb,) : to singe againe as 

was hir due LiDG. M. P. 182. 
due-liohe, adv., dufyy properly y Gow. III. 

245 ; WiCL. NUM. xxix. 24 ; Gow. 111. 354; 

dewli Lidg. m. p. 253. 
dnely see doeL 
duer, see deor. 
duete, sb., dutyy Gow. III. 176; deute AUD. 

24; dewtee LiDG. m. p. 141 ; dute PR. p. 135. 
du^e, adj., from d§eQ ; f useful 'y duwe P. L. S. 

^Cxv. 123 ; comp, ^e-di^e. 
dujen, v., f O.E. dugan = 0,N. duga, f 0,H,G, 

tugan ; from dec^ ; availy be valianty be 

worth ; dowes (pres^^K, p. iii. 50 ; du^ende 

(pple,) Laj. 4123 ; du^ende ))ewas hom. I. 

109 ; doh(t)e \p.E. dohte, cf O.N. dug^a, 

0,H,G, tohta] (pret.) M. H. 149 ; al he solde 

fat outh douthe Hav. 703 ; dought Trist. 

1125 ; Man. (F.) 7550 ; comp, ^e-du^en. 
dfi^en, v., 0,E, (ge-)degan, dygan, 'i=0,L.G. 

dogen; flacky wel mei duheH ancre of o¥er 

wim(p)lunge A. R. 420*. 
diijet$e, sb., 0,E. dugu¥, d\i%o% = 0,Fris, 

duged, O.N, dyg¥, 0,H,G, tuged, tugend; 

virtue, virility y nobility y power, riches : 

unlearn to elchere duje^e HOM. 1. 103; Brutus 

& his duje^e [dojebe] Laj. 181 9 ; duwe^e 

4945 ; fat hi forletep in heore du5ej)e [duhj>e] 

O. & n. 634; J>i dugefe gin fu delen rel. I. 

184 (MISC. 133) ; duhe^e Jul. 4; dufe Misc, 

91 ; douthe Gaw. 1365 ; dowe)>e8 (pL) Misc. 

112. 
dt^eSe-king, ^..prince : a dun hem ferde. 

Bedver to his dujetekinge Laj. 25956. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i8o 



du36%e. 



dtine. 



du^el'e-oniht, sb^ retainer^ LA5. 10166. 
du^S-liolie, adv., virtuously^ nobly^ Laj. 

16844. 

du;et^-mon, sb., retainer^ LA5. 14066. 
duggen, v., fcut\ mai he dug him a doket 

TowNL. 313. 
du^ti, see duhti^. 

duheiiy duhe'Sey see d&^en, du;et$e. 
duhti^, adj., cf. 0,E. dyhilg,^ M,II,G, tiihtic ; 

doughty^ powerful^ good, Orm. 113; duhti 

Kath. 782 ; J)ine domes . . . beo^ duhti 

Marh. 8; duhti [dohti] mon LA5. 14791; 

dohti 7652 ; dujti Gaw. 724 ; AV. Arth. xiv ; 

douhti Trist. 1467; trans. XVIII. 25; 

Am. & Amil. 207; dojti a. p. ii. 11 82; 

doghti ISUM. 273 ; doujti WiLL. iioi ; WiCL. 

EX. xvii. 25 ; duhtie men Laj. 7257 ; do^ere 

(compar.) Fer. 531 ; doujtiore Langl. A v. 

84 ; doujtier By, 102 ; dottiest {super!,) 

A. p. ii. 1306; {« dojticste Fer. 1448; comp, 

un-duhti. 
dughti-h§de, sb.,=J/./f.atuchtikeit ; ^a- 

very, goodnesSy c. M. 10166. 

&oibti^-lbyi^sh,t goodness \ {ms, duhhtijlej^c) 
Orm. 4904. 

douhti-liohe, adv., doughtily, Jos. 495. 

duhti^esse, sb., doughtiness, Orm. 17582 ; 
do^tinissc Fer. 3197; doughtinesse Man. 
(F.) 2868. 
duke, sb., 0,E, duce, from dtlken; duck, 

* anas,^ VOC. 220 ; duke [doke] Langl. B xvii. 
62; Ch. C. t. a 3576; doke PR. P. 125; 
dokes (//.) M AND. 216. 

dokelinge, sb., duckling, PR. P, 125. 

doke-wdd, sb., duckweed, PR.'^P. 125. 
duken, v., « M,L,G, duken, M,Du. duken, 
duiken, M,H,G, tuchen ; duck {plunge under 
water) ; doukand (pres,pple,) Alex. 4091 ; 
dtiked (pret,ppU,) C. M. 23203. 

d1\kere» s\y,,^0,H,Q, tuchari; diving bird \ 
doukere ^plounjoun* rel. II. 83; dokare 
VOC. 253. 

dul, adj., 0,E, dol,= 0,L,G, dol, M,L,G,, 
M,Du, dul, dol, 0,H,G, tol ; ? =dwal ; dull, 

* hebes, obtusus,^ PR. P. 135 ; Ch. C. T. -^279 ; 
dul wit Kath. 1268; bi brain is dul LiDG. 
M. P. 191; dulle (pi,) Langl. A'\, 129; 
dulle (v. r. dulte) neiles A. R. 292* ; duller 
[doller] {compar,) Trev. III. 409; see dil. 

dulnesse, sb., dullness, PR. P. 135 ; Ch. D. 
Bl. 879. 

did-, dol-witted, adj., dull-witted, Trev. 
III. 467. 

dullard, sb., cf, M,Du, dullard; dullard, 
*• duribuccius, agrestis,^ PR. P. 135. 

dullen, w,,^M,Du, dullen, doUen {be insane) ; 
dull, make dull, grow dull", dullin, dollin 
^hebeto, tepefado^ PR. P. 126, 135; it dullef 
me to rime Ch. C. t. G 1093 ; min heed 
dullith LUD. Cov. 343; dullld {pple,) LiDG. 



M. P. 217 ; i am ner hande dold so long have i 
nappid TowNL. 98 ; comp, for-dullen. 

dult, adj., cf, mod,Eng, dolt; dull, blunt, 
HOM. I. 203; Kath. 1268*; dulte neiles 
A. R. 293. 

dumb, adj., 0,E, dumb, = OX,G,y 0,Fris, 
dumb, 0,N, dumbr, Goth, dumbs, 0,H,G, 
tumb; dumb, hom. II. 125; Orm. 211; 

0. & N. 416 ; Map 335 ; domb, doumb ayenb. 

1, 51 ; a dombe best p. L. s. xiii. 220; domb 
[doumbj Ch. C. t. A 774 ; doumbe Langl. B 
X. 137; dum PR. p. 135; dom PR. a 49; 
L. H. R. 148 ; doum LUD. Cov. 126 ; dumbe 
(//.) MISC. 39 ; o))er godes )>et dumbe beo^ 
ant deave Marh. 6 ; doumbe Rob. 131 ; 
dumben {dat,pl,) HOM. I. 229. 

dunmeese, sh,,^ 0,H,G, tumimessi ; dumb- 
ness, PR. P. 135. 

dumbien, v., O.E, (a-)dumbian, cf. 0,H.G, 
tumben; become dumb', i doumbed [* ^^»f«/i;r/*] 
PS. xxxviiL 3 ; comp. a-dumbien. 

dumpen, v., = 0,N. dumpa; beat^ f drive; 
dumpe A. p. iii. 362 ; C M. 22643. 

dumping, sb., diving bird-, dumpixigeB 
[dompinges] (pi,) Langl. Cxiv. 169. 

dun, adj., O.E, dunn, fir, dunn, Ga^l. donn; 
dun, dark-coloured, R. R. 121 3 ; dunne (pi.) 
A. P. i. 30 ; LiDG. M. p. 152; donne Launf. 
988 ; L. H. R. 144 ; Dun {pr. n.) is m the mire 
QH.C.T.HS. 

dun, sh.,—M.L.G. dun, O.J\/. dunn m.y down 
(of birds) ; doun ^pluma ' PR. P. 128 ; Gow. 
II. 103. 

dun, see dtlne. 

dunoh, z.<^].,^0,Fris, diunk; dark, Halliw. 
24. 

dunob, sb., = Dan. dunk ; stroke, bloWy ^per- 
cussion PR. p. 135. 

dunohin, v., = Dan. dunke, Swed. dunka ; 
becU, ^tundo^ PR. P. 135 ; dunohen {pres}) 
HOM. I. 283. 

diine, sb., 0,E, dyne, dyn,—0,N. dynr, M, 
L.G., MJDu. done ; din : )>ene dune LA3. 8642 ; 
as a )>unres dune Kath. 2024 ; dine PR. P. 
121 ; HOM. II. 117; Hav. i860; dene Trev. 
I. 415 ; dene [din] Man. (F.) 9917 ; din a. P. 
ii. 862 ; PR. a 7332 ; dine (dot) GEN. & ex. 
3467 ; dine [dene, deone] Langl. -ffxviii. 62, 
Cxxi. 65 ; comp, erSe-dine. 

dune, sb., O.E, dun, cf. O.Ir, dun, mod.Eng. 
down ; hill, HOM. I. 143 ; O. & N. 919 ; gen. 
& EX. 587 ; dun Orm. 14568 ; uppen jwre 
dune Laj. 27256 ; doune Rob. 362 ; spec. 85 ; 
bi doune and dale Alis. 1767 ; a dtine \O.E, 
a, of dune] ; adown, down, Laj. 30297 ; a dun 
551 ; a dun ward 9297 ; a dun A. R. 60 ; o. & 
N. 1454 ; duste him a dun riht (downward) to 
))er eor^e Marh. 12 ; a dune, a doun Hav. 
567* 2735 ; a doun RoB. 208 ; CH. C. T. A 
393; fe piler fel a doun s.S. (Wr.) 2045; 
knele a doun AUD. 79 ; diine (atlv.)for a dune 



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dune. 



durren. 



i8i 



d(mmLA:^26s46 ; he com dun ORM.631 ; dune, 
dun, doun Hav. 888, 925, 1815; he fl(e)ah 
dOn lihte 25613 ; hewe him to the grounde 
dounright S. S. (Web.) 621 ; OCTOV. (W.) 1095 ; 
PS. cv. 18 ; Aus. 2299 ; WILL. 1165 ; down- 
rightes slew there our English knightes RICH. 
1761; dfin ward, downward, Laj. 13106: 
& draf ))ir to dun riht Kath. 2023 ; dun ward 
ORM.2056 ; dunewardes Kath. 1191 ; dOnes 
(pi,) A. R. 380 ; dOnen {dat.pL) Laj. 21775 > 
dune Horn (L.) 154. 

Dthi-holm, pr.n., 0,E. Dunholm ; Durham : 
on Dunholme MISC 146. 

dungOy sb., cf. M,Du. dunge, Swed, dynga 
(dung), 6>JV. dyngja (heap), M.H.G, tunge/ ; 
dung, A. R. 142 ; dunge, donge ^fimus * PR. P. 
127 ; donge Alis. 4718 ; donge [dounge] 
Langl. Aiv. 130; ?dung Marh. 15 ; dong 
AYENB. 61 ; Mand. 49 ; Ch. C. t. ^ 807 ; 
donge (da/.) Lk. xiii. 8 (the earlier text has 
meoxe) ; Rob. 310 ; ding(e) P. L. S. i. 7. 
dung^, dcmgHMurty sb., dung-cart, Ch. C. t. 
^4226. 

dung-heepy sb., dung-heap, SPEC 103. 
dong^hel, sb., dun^-hill, ayenb. 81 ; S. S. 
(Mr'eb.) 2411 ; donghil Ch. p. f. 597. 

dimgeiiy v., cf. 0,E, dyngan, = Swed, dynga, 
MJhi, dungen, M,HXj, tungen ; dung; 
dunge [donge] Ch. C. t. B 4226 ; dongen PL. 
CR. 785. 

dmueiiy v., 0,E, dynian, O.N. dynja, duna, 
= OJ^G. dcmian, M.Du. donen ; din, sound, 
resound, Laj. 30410 ; denie HORN (L.) 592 ; 
donede (pre/.) Marh. 20 ; ye erj)e dunede 
under hem ROB. 459 ; dinede an migtful 
bornes blast GEN. & EX. 3464 ; ))ondir dined(e) 
shiUe Al. (L.*) 561 ; denede WILL. 5014 ; rel. 
II. 7 ; comp. aAlunien. 
dnninge, sb., cf. O.K. dunung, »il/./>». don- 
inge; sound, din, ^bombus,* PR. P. 135. 

dnimien, v., O.E. dunnian ; become dark : )>]n 
heu dunnet (pres.) P. R. L. P. 221 ; dunnid 
(ppU) 'subniger* PR. P. 135. 

dnnnir, sb., f/or Ininer ; thunder : J>er nis 
dunnir, slete, no hawle alt. bl. I. 319 (P. L. S. 
xxxv). 

diint, sb., O.E. dynt, cf. OJV. dyntr, 
Swed. dunt, mod.Eng. dint; blow, stroke, 
HOM. I. 15 ; Laj. 8420; Kath. 22 ; Alis. 
1505 ; Gaw. 452 ; sweordes dunt A. R. 60; 

£ne dunt saints (Ld.) 315 ; dint Orm. 4290 ; 
kNGL. (Wr.) 1 2 124; dint, dent Will. 1234, 
3750; dent Horn (L.) 152; Launf. 332; 
dhite, dente (dcU) Fer. 617, 1843; duntes 
(//.) Laj. 22780; A. R. 284; O. & N. 1227 ; 
C L. 1161 ; dimes HOM. II. 95 ; PR. C 7017 ; 
^* H.!i35 ; dunte (gen. pi) A. R. 424 ; dunten 
(dat.pl.) Laj. 27051 ; comp. )>onder-dent. 
d&iten, w.,=O.N. dynta, Swed. dunta; strike, 
give a blow ; (the kinges men) danten him 
Ki^et.) Hav. 2448 ; (ha) dintede HOM. 1. 281 ; 
dontedO^^.) L. H. R. 138 ; dunet hom. 1. 281. 



dupy see dSop. 

duplioitOy sb., O.Fr. duplicity, from Lai. 

duplicitas; duplicity, LiDG. M. P. 165, 170. 
diippen, v., O.E. dyppan,=Z>a«. dyppe ; dip, 

immerse; dippin ^intingo* PR. p. 121; dip- 

I>est (pres.) Orm. 155 i ; duppe)) Trev. I. 

117; duppes Jos. 534 ; diipe (imper.) leechd. 

III. 1 18; dippe [^intingaf] Wicu Lk. xvi. 24; 

dipped (pple.) PR. C 8044 ; idept ayenb. 106. 
dipi)ere9 sb., diver (bird) [* mergulus *], 

WiCL. lev. xi. 17. 
dSxf see ddor. 
duracioiiny sb., Lot. duratio; duration: iaf 

hem eke duracioun, some to wexe & wane 

some Ch. h. f. 1022. 
duronieiiy see dearknien. 
diirOy sb., O.E. d\im,= O.Fris. dure, dore,= 

M.L.G. dore, Goth, daurd, OM. pi. dyrr (gen. 

dura), O.H.G. turi, tura, Gr. 6vpa, Lat. foris ; 

door, Lk. xi. 7 ; gen. & ex. 1082 ; dure [dore] 

LA3. 25889; dore Hav. 1788; ayenb. 210; 

Ch. C. t. ^ 550 ; be dore . . . sche flej out of 

)>e hokes Fer. 2182 ; dtre [O.E. duru, dura, 

duran] (dcU.) Mk. i. 33 ; HOM. 1. 167 ; O. & N. 

778 ; )»ere dure Misc 44 ; dure [dord Laj. 

10181; wi¥uten dore 2382; dtiren[6^.£:dura, 

duru, duro, duran] Sax. chr. 217 (pi.) John 

XX. 19 ; HOM. 1. 87 ; Misa 153 ; duren [dores] 

LA3. 2363 ; doren Rob. 495 ; spec i 10 ; Shor. 

55 ; d^ren (dat.pl.) Mat. xxiv. 33; comp. 

oham.ber-, chireche-dure. 
dtxr-herre, sb., door-hinge, voc. 261. 
ddre-nail, sb., M.H.G. tlimagel; door^nail : 

ded as a dorenail Will. 628 ; Langl. A i. 

161. 
dure-pin, sb., gen. & EX. 1078; Horn 

(L.) 973. 
dor-stode, sb., O.E. durustod, O.N. dura- 

sto^; door-post, voc. 170. 
d6re-tr@, sb., cf. Dan. dftrtrae ; door bar, 

Hav. 1806; Langl. B i. 185. 
dure- ward, sb., O.E. duruweard; door- 
keeper, Laj. 17672; MISC 43; doreward 

Shor. 46. 
dfire, see deore. 
dureiiy v., O.Fr. durer ; last, continue ; dure 

Rob. 70 ; Ch. C. t. A 2770 ; deore P. L. S. ix. 

63 ; d&rede (pret) Laj. 26708* ; whi ]>at 

tempeste so longe time durede [dured] 

Langl. ^xviii. 63. 

d&ringe, pple. & prep., during, Trev. I. 261. 
duresse, sb., O.Fr. duresce, cf mod.Eng. 

duress; hardship, harm. Will. 1074; s. S. 

(Web.) 2189 ; HOCCL. i. 12 ; Lidg. m. p. 118. 
durk, see dearc. dume, see deme. 
durren, v., f O.E. durran = 6>.//. C?. (ge-)- 

turren, ^^?M.(ga-)daursan ; from dear ; dare ; 

dum, dom, dam PR. P. 114 ; dur PR. c. 4135 ; 

durste {O.E. dorste, cf. O.H.G. (ge-)torsta, 

Goth, (ga-)daursta] (pret.) durst, Kath. 1315 ; 



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durren. 



dliven 



A. R. 158; GEN. & EX. 2593; SPEC I04 ; 

ISUM. 618; durste [dorste] Laj. 357; dorste 

Langl. a viii. 118 ; Ch. C. t. A 227 ; dorste 

AYENB. 143; Tos. 664; Perc. 1966; dorste, 

dorte Horn (L.) '388, 928 ; i ne jierste ... do 

such a fol dede Marg. 304 ; dorstest ayenb. 

73 ; dorsten Lk. ix. 45 ; dursten hom. I. 93 ; 

Hay. 1866 ; Mand. 282 ; durst ipple,) Man. 

(F.) 6362. 
diirsti, adj., O.E, dyTstig, = O.H.G. (gi-)tur- 

stlg ; darings bold, 
dursti-liche, adv., ^audacter^ FRAG, i ; dir- 

sti^like Orm. 161 52. 
dusc, adj., O.E, dose (Academy No. 849) ; 

dusk ; dose hom. I. 259 ; dosk LEG.203 ; deosc 

A. R. 94. 
dusknesse, sb., darkness ^ caligo^\ WiCL. 

Job xxiii. 17. 
duscheiiyv., ? = J/.Z.(7.duschen ; = dwesohen ; 

strike^ beat\ dusohed (firet.) Ar. & Mer. 

5624 ; A. P. ii. 1538 ; dusched a doun • . . hure 

ion Fer. 3668 ; see dasohen, 

duBohing, sb., tumbling \ . . . dinning and 

dusching of sinfuUe PR. a 7350. 
diisi, adj., 0,E. dyslg, =' Af,Z>u. deusig, O. 

H,G, tusig, mod,Eng. dizzy; stupid^ foolishy 

Kath. 782 ; A. R. 208 ; dusi luve ne last noht 

longe o. & n. 1466 ; than waxes ... his heved 

feble and disi PR. c. 771 ; desi rel. I. 179; 

be dusie mon HOM. I. 117 ; desien (^o/. m!) 

Mat. vii. 26 ; dusie (//.) a. r. 222 ; pa dusian 

HOM. I. in; diisien (dat, pL) La^. 281 i ; 

dusigest (super L) A. R. 182. 
diisi-leo, ^h,^ folly, Kath. 425. 
diise-liohe, adv., foolishly^ HOM. I. 119; 

desali Barb. vii. 210. 

.desinisse, sb., 0,E, dysigness ; Jolly ; desy- 

nysse Mk. vii. 22. 
dusi-Bohipe, sh.y/olfyy A. R. 182. 
diisi, sb., O.E. dysig ; folly, HOM. I. in. 
diisien^ v., 0,E, dysegian, = O.Fris. dusia; 

behave foolishly \ desige'S (pres.) Mk. ii. 7 ; 

desiet REL. I. 177. 
dusken, v., from duso; darken, make or 

grow dark : dusken his herte PL. CR. 563 ; 

)>ine ehnen schulen doskin H. M. 35 ; duidLod 

(pret.) Ch. C. t. A 2806. 
duBt, sb., O.E, 6ust,=M,L.G,, M.Du,, O.N. 

dust ; dust, ^pulvis,* PR. P. 135 ; HOM. 1. 223 ; 

A. R. 122; Orm. 1636; LUD. Cov. 225 ; ))at 

dust [doust] Laj. 27646 ; doust REL. I. 28 ; 

)>et doust AYENB. 108 ; duste {dat.) Jul. 41 ; 

douste P. L. s. xviii. 26. 
dusten, v., .?== O.N, dusta {dust, beat) ; strike, 

beat, throw down, A. R. 212; ^if hit dusted 

314; duste Kath. 1094; Jul. 48; he dust(e) 

him doun Fer. 854 ; ich habbe a dun . . . 

idust Marh. 1 1 ; comp, a-dusten. 
dusti, sb., cf 0,E, dystig ; dusty, ^pulverulen' 

tus,* PR. P. 135 ; HiCKES I. 224. 



dut, sb.,= dedut ; pleasure, joy, Sho^ 129 ; 

p. L. S. xxxv. 9 ; Gaw, 1020. 
dutable, adj., doubtful: doutable R. R. 5416. 
d^tance,sb.,0.jpr.dutance; doubt, fear: have 

you no doutance of all these English cowards 

Rich. 1862; he saide he hadde thereof do- 

taunce Alis. 582 ; withouten doutance (dat.) 

Rich. 5872 ; out of doutaunce Ch. Tro. iv. 

933. 
dutOy sb., O.Fr. doute ; doubt, fear, A. R. 220; 

Misc 44; doute Marg. 107 ; c l. 1425. 
dute-l§s, adi., doubtless : nade he ben du^i 

. . . douteles he hade ben ded Gaw. 724. 
duteny v., O.Fr. douter ; doubt, fear, misc. 148 ; 

date's (pres.) A. R. 244; doutede (pret.) 

Hay. 708 ; douted (pple.) c L. 382. 
dutou8,adj., OJ^r. doutous; doubtful; dout- 

ous Ch. Boet. i. i (5) ; dotous Rich. 4839. 
diitten, v., O.E. dyttan, } = M.H.G. tiitxen; 

shut, spec. 1 10 ; me schulde dutten [ditten] 

his mu% A. R. 82 ; dettan Lk. xi. 53 ; ditten 

Orm. 18590; dutte[ditte] out Langl. -<4 vii. 

178; ditte C M. 19452 ; dittos (pres.) a. p. 

ii. 588; weditte^HOM. IL 199; &ixX» (imper.) 

A. R. 106 ; dutte (pret.) Laj. 19812* ; Marg. 

208 ; dutten a. r. 106 ; dlt (pple.) Gaw. 1233 ; 

idut REL. L 90 ; C L. 31 ; iditte (pi.) S. B. w. 

242 ; comp. for-, un-diitten. 
du)>e, see du^e'Se. 
duve, sb., O.N. dufa, = O.Z.G^. duva, Goth. 

dubo, O.H.G. tuba; dove, hom. IL 49; gen. 

& EX. 605 ; douve Mand. Z'j ; Rich. 5671 ; 

Langl. ^xv. 393 ; u. s. 304 ; doufe Townl. 

33; doufe, douve, dofe (Fdofe), dove c M. 

1895, 1 901 ; (ms. dove, dowe) PR.P. 128; dove 

LUD. Coy. 48 ; dovene a. p. ii. 481. 
dave-brld, sb., youns^ dove, HOM. II. 47. 
[duve, stem (j/'d&ven.] 
dive-dapy sb., didapper, * mergulus,^ PR. p. 

127; divedap, devedoppe, devedep WiCL. 

deut. xiv. 7, LEV. xi. I, 17. 
diivel, sb., cf. M.L.G. dovel, M.H.G. tubel ; 

felly of awheel; dowlis \^modioW\ WiCL. 

3^ KINGS vii. 33. 
duvel-rihtesy adv., headlong: feollen ba (a) 

duvelrihtes Kath. 1599. 
dfivelunge, adv., headlong, with a plunge, 

ant te meiden duvelunge feol dun to )« eon^ 

Marh. 20; develing Ar. & Mer. 7762; 

Bey. 649. 
duveiiy v., O.E. dufan {pret. deaf); dive, 

plunge ; )!ct )»ct sweord in desof (pret.) Laj. 

6505 ; & def . . . dun to }>er eor^ Jul. 76. 
d&yen» v., O.E. dyfan (pret. dyfde),^ O.N. 

deyfa ; dive ; diven Langl. B xii. 163 ; d&veS 

(pres.) A. R. 282; he dive^ dun to gninde 

REL. I. 221 ; d§f (imperat.) Marh. 17 ; dove 

[*demergat'] HOM. IL 43; ddfde (pret.) 

Marh. 22 ; euch dunt defde in to hire liche 

Jul. 28. 



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dnwOy dnwetJey set du^e, du^eVe. 
dwal, adj. & sb., 0,E. Awo\,^M.L.G, dwal 
(fatuous), Dan. d val, Goth, dwals {tiMp6i) ; Jrom 
dw61en; bad, foolish : )>at devel dwale GEN. 
& EX. 20 ; dwale heretic Orm. 7454 ; ne chid 
fu wij> nenne dw41eB if fools) REL. I. 183 ; 
j^duL 

dwal-kenned, adj., misleading : )>urh dwal- 
kende lare Orm. 7441. 

dwdle, sb.,=O.A^. dv6i {delay), Swed. dvala, 
Dan. dvale (stupor), 0,H,G, twala (delay) \ 
delay J stupefaction, GEN. & EX. 1220 ; dwale 
[dvale] c. M. 14197 ; stod as he were in dwale 
Man, (F.) 9059; dwale soporiferous drink 
Gow. III. 14; Ch. C.T.^4161; REL. I. 324. 

dw^le, see dweole. 

dw61en, v., O.E, ♦dwelan (pple, gedwolen), 
cf 0,H,G. twelan ; be stupefied: fe child lai 
dw^linfiT (pple.) S. S. (Web.) 770; comp, a- 
dw^len. 

dw^lien, v., O.E. dwelian, -^.Z.G^. dwelen ; 
err, be deceived: jif J>e lar%eu dw61at5 (Pres,) 
HOM. I. 109; ge dwelie^ Mat. xxii. 29; 
dwele [* errant'^ PS. xciv. 10; dw61ed (pret.) 
PS. cxviii. 176; comp. bi-dw61ien. 

dwelle, sb., delay: withouten dwelle LEG. 
57 ; dvelle Fer. 648 ; dvell(e) C. M. 2831. 

dwellen» v., O.E. dwellan, = O.N. dvelia 
(pret. dvalda), O.H.G. twellan (pret. twalta) ; 
ifwell, delay, Orm. 9938 ; dwellen Hav. 54 ; 
i nille nou^t longe dwellen s. S. (Wr.) 1625 ; 
dwelle Aus. 225; Shor. 19; Will. 701; 
Ch. C.r.A 2354; dvelle spec. 82 ; him reowe^ 
^t he dwelle)> (pres.) her swa swi|>e lange 
on eor)>e Orm. 5576 ; dwelde (pret.) Langl. 
B XX. 342 ; mam winter he dwelde J>ere S. S. 
(Wr.) 3204; dwalde Orm. 13218; dwelden 
leg. 4 ; dwelled (pple.) Orm. 226 ; comp. 
je-dweUen. 
dwellin€r,sb.,//w^///«^,HAV. 1352; dvelling, 
dwelling LEG. 43 ; Greg. 395. 

dweole, sb., O.E. gedweola; error: bat is 
dweole R. S. ii. (MISC. i6oj ; dweole [dwele] 

0. & n. 1239 ; wend a wei mine eien vrom 
^ worldes dweole A. R. 62 ; dwele leb. Jes. 
149 ; (ms. dwelle, r. w. wele) P. L. S. i. 13. 

d^weole-y dwdle-song, sb., o. & N. 926. 

dweoletSy sb., terror*, heo was igon a dweole^ 
(v. r. o dweole) A. R. 224. 

dweolSe, sb., l^Goth. dvali)>a; error, f de- 
lirium ; bet . . . dweoRSe me ne derie HOM. 

1. 199 ; dweoluh^ 195 ; he spek o dwelthe 
Ed. 3149- 

dweomeTy see dwimer. 

dwer, sb., cf. disw^re; t doubt \ Map 361 ; 

S. & C. L liii; dwere lud. Cov. 17, 117; 

TOWNL. 302. 
dwer^ sb., O.E. dweorg, dweorh, = O.N. 

dvergr, OJf.G. tverg; dwarf*, dwergh Iw. 

2390; dweri (/ ms. dwery, printed dwer))) 

Will. 362 ; dwcrou, dweruh ^ nanus* PR. p. 



134; dverw Trist. 2062; dwerf Trev. I. 

231 ; IPOM. 1746; dwerghes (pi.) Mand. 

205 ; dwerewes [dv(e)rwes] Aus. 6266. 
[dwesohen, v., 0,E. dwaescan; f shake ; comp. 

a-dw§sohen]. 
dwildy sb., OE. (ge-)dwild, dwyld; error; 

dwyld Sax. chr. 258 ; dwilde Orm. 9736 ; 

comp. ^e-dweld. 
[dwimer^ sb« O.E. dwimor (phantom); comp. 

^e-dwimor.J 

dweomer-orflBft, sb., magic art, Laj. 30634. 
dweomer-lfto, sb., magic play, LA3. 270 ; 

demerlaik Alex. 414 ; A. P. li. 1561. 
dwineiiy v., O.E. dwTnan (pret. dwan),c= 

M.Du. dwTnen, O.N. dvina (pret. dvrna^a)> 

prov.En^. dwine; [* tabesco *] WiCL. PS. cxviii. 

139 ; dwinin ^evanesco^ PR. P. 134; dwine PR. 

c 703 ; as gres in medowe i drie and dwine 

HALLIW.326; dwine))Gow. II. 117; dwined 

(pret.) Will. 578 ; dwine (pple.) Orf. 259 ; 

dwined R. R. 360 ; comp. for-dwinen. 
dwole, sb., O.E. dwola,=a/f.(7. (ga-)twola ; 

error, O. & N. 825. 
dwdlungey sb., O.E. dwolung ; delusion : 

))er )>e dwolunge rixa% HOM. I. 117. 



e, see en. e-, see 5e-. §, see &. e-, see *•. 
eSy int., O.E. Sa, eaw ; ah; ea le Mat. xxiii. 17. 
ea, sb., O.EJesL, O.Fris. a, e, = O.N. a, O.L.G., 

O.H.G. aha, Goth, ahwa. Lot. aqua ; water ^ 

river ; eaa frag. 3 ; ))as s La^. 2506 ; an ae 

Saba ^haten Orm. 7091 ; in are swi¥e feire 

ae La^. 1400. 
ea-frosk, sb., waierfrog; Safroskes [v. r. 

eafraskes, eafreskes] (//.J HOM. I. 251, 326* 
eac, conj., O.E. eac, ec, =» OJ^ris. ak, OJ^G. 

5c, O.N., Goth, auk, O.H.G. ouh, later Eng. 

eke; cdso ; aeac HOM. 1. 221 ; ec, aec, eke [eak, 

eke] Laj. 3745, 8001, 25682 ; ec HOM. I. 3 ; 

Marh. 14 ; Orm. 159 ; )»c is nemed ec arm- 

herfnesse HOM. II. 5 ; ec, eke a. r. 50, 168 ; 

ek Hav. 1025 ; Rob. 200; Alis. 2164; and 

ek ich frovri fele wihte o. & N. 535 ; ek [eek] 

Ch. C. T.A^i; see 60. 
eacneiiy v., O.E. laLcn\zxi,^Goth. auknan; 

increase, grow : ekni hor robberie RoB. (W.) 

2092* ; ^ beggere doneS (pres.) his bode 

HOM. II. 213. 
[ead, sb., 0.E, q2A,^0.N. au^r; wealth, 

happiness."] 
Ed-gftr, pr. n., O.E. Eadgar; Edgar, P. L. S. 

1x^144. 
Ed-mundy pr. n., O.E. Eadmund; Edmund, 

P. L. s. xvii. I. 
ddnesse, sb., O.E. eadness ; beatitude, HOM. 

II. 75 ; (ms. hednesse) Sal. & Sat. 230. 



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Sad. 



eal(L 



Ead-wardy pr.n., 0,E, Eadweard; Edward, 

MISC. 145. 
eadi, adj., 0,E, eadig, cf, O.L,G, odag, odog, 

Goth, audags (iiaicdpioi), O.N au^igr, O.H.G. 

otag ; richy happy, * beatus, FRAG, i ; Marh. 

2; A. R. 28; Shor. 129; eadi, eaedi, edi 

Laj. 2361, 6638, 16559; edi HOM. I. 173; 

MISC. icx); rel. II. 228; jedi P. L. s. viii. 

115* ; aedij Orm. 2333 ; j)eo aedie burde Laj. 

16271 ; eadine (ace, m,) HOM. 1. 115 ; eadl^e, 

aedie {pi.) hom. I. 47, 113; Sadiure (comp.) 

H. m. 13 ; dadieste (superlat.) H. M. 45. 
Adi^-le^Oy sb., happiness, Orm. 5706. 
dadi-Iiohe» adv., happily, A. R. 328. 
dadinesse, sb., O.E. esidigness; happiness, 

HOM. I. 217; A. R. 28. 
eadmedOy -m5d, etc., see under eatS. 
da^Oy sb., O.E. cage, = O.Fris. age, O.L.G> 

oga, O.H.G. ouga, O.N. auga, Goth, augo ; 

<?y^ : anre nedle eage Lk. xviii. 25 ; eje 

0. & N. 426; ))et eje hom. I. 15; ayenb. 
147 ; eie Langl. ^x. 123 ; ejhe Orm. 9393 ; 
eghe PR. C 2234 ; Perc. 691 ; ehe Kath. 
1056 ; eie A. R. 60 ; Hav. 2545 ; J)e neldis 
eife) P. L. S. i. 22; eije [ije] WiCL. Mat. 
V. 29; ije Trev. VIII. 159; Man. (H.) 
330 ; ie MiRC 62 ; Ch. C. t. A 2680 ; Sagen 
\dat.) Mat. vii. 4; leechd. III. 96; Sjan, 
e3en[=6^.^. eagan, Goth, augona] (//.) HOM. 

1. 23, 43; ejen p. L. S. viii. 38; Brd. 26; 
AYENB. 81; qgen REL. I. 2io; ejen, eien 

0. & N. 75 ; eijen FRAG. 5 ; eije ROB. (W.) 
6716*; Will. 463; eien a. r. 64; eien 
[jejen (=ie5en)] C. M. 17837; ighen [ihen, 
eien] Ch. C. t. ^ 152; ehne, ehnen Kath. 
497, 2002 ; eghne ISUM. 620 ; Sagene, eagen 
(gen.pl.) LEECHD. III. 94, 96; Sian, ejen, 
aeaen, e^enen [O.E. 6agum, Goth, angam] 
(dat.pi.) Laj. 1885, 5736, 7247, 17076; egen, 
eien HOM. II. 23, 25 ; eien A. r. 16 ; an. lit. 
91 ; eje Brd. 3 ; ejhne Orm. 370; ene (ms. 
een) (r. w. kene) ant. Arth. xlvii. 

S^e-breu, sh.y^ O.H.G. ougebra; eyebrow*, 
d^ebrewe (dat.) p. s. 239. 
6he-lid, sh.,^ M.H,G. ougelit; eyelid, HOM. 

1. 265 ; eljeUddee (pi.) Trev. V. 189. 
d^he-salfe, sb., O.E. eagsealf; eye-salve, 

Orm. 1852. 

Sb-8§one, eadhsSne, sh.,^ O.H.G. ougsiuni; 
eyesight, Laj. 3092, 9703 ; exsene rel. 1. 103; 
out of his eighesene Trist. 2450. 

Si^e-si^t, sb., eyesight, S. A. L. 164 ; iesijte 
MiRC 325. 

eh-slhCe. sh.. eyesight, Marh. 17 ; eihsih^ 
A. r. 58 ; e^esih]>e Orm. 1868. 

eie-Bdr, sb., eye-sore, rel. I. no. 

eh-)>url, sb., O.E. eag-, eah))yrl ; window, 

HOM. I. 83; ei)>url A. R. 62; (ms. ey)>url) 

Marh. 8. 

eahte, ahte, card, num., O.E. eahta,=(?./>7,r. 

achta, OX.G., O.H.G. ahto, Goth, ahtau, O.N. 



atta, Lat, octo, Gr. oieroi ; eight, Jul. 60, 61 ; 
aehte [eahte, ehte] La^. 3919, 26502 ; ehhte 
Orm. 580; eihte A. R. 12; eihte Misc 145; 
e^te AYENB. 45 ; egte gen. & ex. 1349; eijte 
WiCL. John xx. 26; eijte and nienti RoB. 
62 ; fifti & eijte 533 ; eighte [auht] Man. (F.) 
3714; eighte and twentithe Ch. C. T. As; 
eite LUD. Cov. 129 ; ahte CHR. E. 324 ; aughte 
D. Arth. 278 ; a^t a. p. iii. ii ; aght Iw. 1438. 
ehte-tene, card, num., O.E. eahtatyne; eigh- 
teen, Laj. 18014*; aehtene 14252; ei^tcne 
Rob. 407; ei3te-, ei3tene Trev, HI. 17; cij- 
tene PR. P. 137. 

ei^-tdo)>e, ord. num., O.E. eahtateo^; 
eighteenth, P. L. s. xii. 5 ; ^teten)>e PROCL. 7 ; 
eitete}>e, eijtetejje, ei3ttene ROB. (W.) i860*, 
6490, XX. 409*. 

ei^te-ti, card, num., O.E. eahtatig,=0./r.^. 
ahtozug ; eighty, RoB. 292 ; WiCL. I KINGS 
xxii. 18; eijti ' octoginta^ PR. P. 137. 

eahtuSe, ehtuj^ey ord. num., O.E. eahto^ 
= O.H.G. ahtodo, Goth, ahtuda, O.Fris. ach- 
tunda, OJV. attundi ; eighth, HOM. I. 81, 107 ; 
eihtu^, eihteo^ A. R. 14, 236 ; eht^e, egt^ 
HOM. II. 47, 137 ; ehtende 87 ; eihteo)>e Misc. 
145 ; ei^tebe RoB. 213 ; eightebe Langl. (Wr.) 
9538; eghfe MiRC 498; (ms. ehhtennde) 
Orm. 4196; ejtende ayenb. 10 ; Shor. 99; 
egtende GEN. & ex. 1199; aghtend PR. C 
6895. 

eake, sb., O.E. eaca, «= O.N. auld ; addition : 
to eken, in addition, HOM. II. 51 ; teken [to 
eke] Marh. 4 ; teken Orm. 747 ; teke [teken, 
to eke] A. R. 78 ; teke H. M. 25 ; P on eke 
SPEC 34 ; comp. over-Sake, 
eke-name, sb., = O.N. aukanafh; nickname : 
a vile ekename H. s. 1531; ekename, neke- 
name * agnomen * PR. P. 352. 

eal, see al. 

eald, adj., O.E. eald, ald,= O.L.G. aid, old, 
O.H.G. alt, cf. Goth, alfeis ; old, P. L. S. viii. 
2 ; aid HOM. 1. 159 ; Orm. 747 ; ayenb. 104 ; 
Iw. 1556; MiN. iii. 19 ; he was fiftene ^ aid 
La^. 301 ; an aid mon 18707 ; aid englisch 
Marh. 23 ; twelf winter aid SHOR. 44 ; old A. 
R. 6 ; o. & N. 25 ; eld, old PR. P. 137 ; Ch. C. 
T.Z>I2I3; baealdela5eHOM.I.9; eldOcrov. 
(W.) 656 ; Ed. 1656 ; s. & C I. li.; an eld cloth 
Hav. 546 ; be ealde lawe Shor. 44 ; )>e ialde 
(ms. yalde) laje ayenb. 7; iealde (ms. yealde) 
97; )>u aide monslahe Marh. 12 ; )>e aide king 
La^. 2959 ; olde 3001 ; ]>e olde man Brd. 2 ; 
ealden (dat. m. n.) Mr. ii. 21 ; aide [olde] o. 
& N. 1183 ; be )>o ialde laghe Misc. 27; aide 
(pi.) Orm. 126; ba aide Laj. 28444; elde 
SPEC 95 ; LUD. cov. 73 ; ealden (da/. pL) 
Mat. v. 21 ; alden Laj. 6774 ; to olde [efdej 
men WiCL. Mat. v. 21 ; eldre (compar.) elder 
Orm. 13215 ; MISC 58 ; J)e eldre [uldre] P. L. 
S. viii. 162 ; aeldre, eldere [eldre] LA3. 3926, 
4290; uldere ROB. (W.) 750*; ealdre HOM. 
I. 23 ; eldren (pi.) elders^ parents RoB. 65 ; 



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SHOR.97 ; aelderen, aeldcrc [eldre] Laj. 7354, 
12516; ulderne Rob. (W.) 1495* ; elder Rob. 
(W.) 907* ; j)e ealdren H. M. 27 ; eldren 
Langl. Aiii, 248; eldre Misa 46; ure 
eldre hom. II. 43; ildre REL. I. 175 ; eldres 
Ch. C. t. ^65 ; eldrene {^en, pL) Kath. 
81 ; asldeme Laj. 13922 ; eldeme (ancestors) 
DEP. R. i. 65 ; eldest (super L)' Mk. x. 43 ; 
eldeste chr. E. 423 ; ayenb. 104 ; aeldeste 
[eMeste] La^ 2930 ; ealdeste H. M. 41 ; uldest 
Rob. (W.) 732*. 

eld-ftder, sb., 0,E. eald-, ealdefaeder,= 0. 
Fris, aid-, aldafeder, 0,L.G. aldfader, 0,H,G, 
altfater ; ancestor^grandfaiherj father-in' law^ 
stepfather; ^avus'yoc. 205 ; el(d)fadir ^socer^ 
PR. p. 137; aldfader M. H. 122; ealdefader 
Angl. VII. 220 ; aldevader Laj. 31009. 

eald-Iic, adj., O.E, ealdlTc ; oldish : an oldli 
man WiCL. Job xli. 23 ; aldelike (adv.) Orm. 
1329; aldeli; 2553. 

eld-modePy sb., O.E, ealdmoder; ancestress^ 
grandmother \ mother-in-law; * avia* VOC. 
205 ; c M. 1 1 89 ; eldmodir * socrus ' PR. P. 1 37. 

eldnesae, sb., O.E. ealdnyss ; oldness\ eld- 
nesse WiCL. deut. viii. 4. 
ealde, 5h^=M.L,G, olde, aiV.dld (^<?«.aldar), 
(?tfM.alJ>s(jfif«.aldais)yC; old age: J)isweorldes 
aid Orm. 8831 ; )>at him schal on ealde (? = 
elde) sore reowe REL. I. 184 ; for ))as kinges 
aide (ffor aelde) Laj. 19411 ; in olde S. S. 
(Wr.) ^i ; in to olde Shor. 2. 
ealder, sb., OJ£, ealdor, aldor ; prince^ chief \ 
aelder, alder Laj. 1365, 16562 ; alder HOM. I. 
219; ealdres (//.) ]^principes'\ Mat. ii. 4; 
aldren (dat,pL) hom. I. 231. 

alder-doniy sb., 0,E. ealdorddm; princi- 
polity, Orm. 18278. 

alder-man, sb., 0,E, ealdorman,=«0./>Ty. 
aldirmon, mod.Eng. alderman ; ruler, viceroy, 
Orm. 14061 ; aldermon ^princeps * FRAG. 2 ; 
La). I420. 

alder-soipey sb., ranh of a ruler l^principa- 
/w*], hom. I. 219. 

ealdien, v., O.E. ealdian, cf 0,H.G. alten, 
aken, Goth. (us-)al))an; grow old \ iealdi 
AYENB. 97 ; elden R. R. 3^ ; aldetS (pres.) 
HOM. I. 35 ; eldeb Orm. 18826 ; elde (subj.) 
HOM. I. 21 J flBldede (pret.) Laj. 2937; (mi 
bones) eldeden WiCL. PS. xxxi. 3 ; comp, for- 
ealdlen. 

ealdinge, sb., 0,E. ealdung ; growing old, 
ayenb. 95. 

eam, ©m, sb., O.E. eam,= CFris. em, M,Du, 
00m, O.H.G. oheim ; uncle, Laj. 8831, 8897 ; 
eam, em gen. & ex. 1758, 3747 ; eom Sax. 
CHR. 261 ; em HiCKES I. 227 ; Hav. 1326; 
OCTOV. (W.) 1379; Gow. II. 267; WiCL. I 
PARAUxxvii. 32 ; Man. (F.) 4123 ; Gaw. 356 ; 
M. Arth. 1681 ; min em (ms. mi nem^ Trist. 
921 ; eem PR. p. 139 ; B. Disa 397 ; lem (ms, 
yem) leechd. III. 82 ; Chest. II. 55 ; ernes 



(gen.) Will. 3426 ; emis s. s. (Wr.) 1054 ; for 
the manere of thee her eme (dat.) Ch. Tro. 
(Bell) i. 1022 (3- Text 1015 has em) ; ernes 
(pi.) Perc. 1050. 

eam, see am. 

ean, adj., O.E. (ge-)ean ; ^lled ; dne [eene, 
jene] (pi.) WiCL. PS. cxliii. 13. 

eaneiiy v., O.E. eanian,=Z>w. oonen;>'^a«; 
enin 'feto* PR. P. 140; enede (pret.) Trev. 
IV.4SI. 

ear, sb., O.E. ear, Nor thumb., ^\itr,^M.L.G. 
ar, O.H,G. ehir, ahir, Goth, ahs, 0,N. ax, LcU. 
acus (gen. aceris) «.; ear (of corn); er ^ spied* 
VOC. 233 ; PR. P. 141 ; Ch. l. g. w. 76 ; eare 
(dat.) Mk. iv. 28 ; ere Alis. 797 ; iere (ms, 
yere) ayenb. 28 ; Sar (pi.) Mat. xii. 23 ; eares 
A. R. 260 ; gen. & ex. 2104 ; eres Rob. 490 : 
comp. com-er. 

ear, earliche, see Sr. 

eard, erd, sb., O.E. eard, = O.L. G. ard, M.H.G, 
art; land,country, dwelling^ regic^\, HOM. 1. 13, 
59; aerd Laj. 29174 (miswritten ard 13473) ; 
Orm. 1416 ; erd gen. & ex. 210 ; ure erd is 
on hevene HOM. II. 149; earde (dat.) A. R. 
358 ; J)e king of ]>issen earde LA5. 7417 ; ))a 
com he to ]>an aerde ]>er Isei his ferde 19202 ; 
erde hom. I. 115 ; Langl. ^ vi. 203 ; a. p. i. 
248 ; ich fare hom to min(e) erde o. & N. 460 ; 
comp. kine-, middel-, uten-eard. 

erd-folo, sh,, people, gen. & ex. 1880. 

eardieiiy v., O.E. eardian,=O.Z.(P. ardon, O, 
//.G.BXton; dwell, inhabit: ha ne muhen nawt 
somen earden in hevene H. M. 43 ; erden 
Will. 5260 ; erdeat (pres.) ps. xxi. 4 ; eardi^ 
Marh. 9 ; erdeden (pret.) HOM. I. 89. 

earding, sb., O.E, eardung; habitation; erd«* 
ing HOM. II. 159. 

earding'Stdwey ^., dwelling-place, Mat, 
xvii. 4 ; eardingstowe, erdingstowe O. & N. 
28 ; erdmgstouwe HOM. II. 173. 
eare, sb., O.E. ^2x^, — 0.Fris, are, 0,L.G. ora, 
ore, O.H.G. ora, O.N. eyra, Goth, auso n., cf. 
Led. auris/; ear, Kath. 1734 ; bet eare, ieare 
AYENB. 177, 189; iare Misc 36; aere Orm. 
2800 ; ere P. L. S. xv. 1 18 ; ere * auris, ansa ' 
PR. P. 141 ; earen (dat.) leechd. III. 90; 
§aran, earen (pi.) Mat. xiii. 16 ; Mk. iv. 9 ; 
earan, earen, eren hom. I. 23, 49, 127 ; earen 
Marh. 20 ; a. r. 90 ; o. & n. 338 ; Horn 
(R.) 969 ; earen, aeren frag. 5, 7 ; earen, 
ieren ayenb. 204, 257 ; eren Alis. 6448 ; P. s. 
154 ; eres Mand. 205 ; PR. c 782 ; ires Horn 
(L.) 959; jeres (= ieres) Halliw. 946; 
earan, earen (dat. pi.) Mat. xiii. 15 ; Lk. iv. 
21 ; it com J)e kinge to ere Rob. 492. 

gre-lappe, sb., 0,E. earlaeppa ; earlap, REL. 
1.54. 

Sar-preon, sb., O.E, earpreon; earring, 
* inauris,' FRAG. 2. 

gre-ring, sb., earrin^^ WiCL. Job xiii. 11. 



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1 86 



eare. 



dast. 



^§r-wigge, sb., 0,E. Sarwicga ; earwigs PR. 
p. 143*. 
eared, adj., from §are; eared {having a 
handle) ; end WiCL. NUM. iv. 7. 
earen, v., from ear; cofne into ear: atte 
crestemasse barlich beginne)> eere K. CoL. 
30, 31. 

earewe, see arwe. 

[earfeS, sb., O.E. earfo¥, earfe^, = 0,N. erfi^i, 
erfa^i, 0,LG, arbed, arbid, arbedi, arbidi, 
arvithi, O.Fris, arbeid «., cf. Goth, arbai|}s, 
0»H,G. arbeit^; labour^ tribulation.'] 

earfe)>-, earve)>-sij>, sb., 0,E, earfo^si^; 
calamity y FRAG. 5. 
earfeS, adj., 0,E. earfo^, earfe^, = O.AC 
erfi¥r ; difficult ; earf(e)^ [erve^] Kath. 999 ; 
erve^ [arve^] for te paien A. R. 108 ; arfe^ 
Orm. 17334 ; erveSer (compar,) hom. II. 63. 

arve'S-flnde, adj., difficult to findy hom. II. 
27. 

arve8-for)>e, adj., difficult to effect ^ hom. II. 
131. 

erve9-helde, adj., difficult to hold^ p. L. s. 
viii. 157 ; arefe¥heald(e) HOM. II. 229. 

erveS-liohe, adv., 0,E, earfo^ice ; with diffi- 
culty ^ A. R. 328 ; arve^liche HOM. II. 123. 

earveS-, flBrfeS-, erfeSnesse, sb., O.E, ear- 
fo^ness ; difficulty ^ HOM. I. 21, 105, 223. 

flBrfeS-telle, adj., difficult to county innumer- 
abUy HOM. I. 231. 

arveS-winne, adj., difficult to win, HOM. II. 
49. 
earniy sb., O.E. t2Lrmy=0,Fris, erm, O.L.G,, 
0.//.G, arm, O.N, armr, Gvth, arms, Lat, 
armus ; arm, HOM. I. 189 ; erm 213 ; aerm 
[arm] LA5. 28040 ; arm RoB. 17 ; Mand. 172 ; 
an arm of }>e se Trist. 2246 ; arum Hav. 
1982 ; earme (dat,) A. R. 112 ; earmes (//.) 
Laj. 1872 ; Shor. 123 ; earmes, ermes A. R. 
394, 402; armes treat. 139; (ms. arrmess) 
Orm. 7616; 89rmen, armen {dat, pi.) La^. 
2233, 21869 » arme misc. 150. 

erm-dddre, sb., brachial vein, A. R. 258. 

arm-hole, sb^arm-hole, armpit \ (ms. harm-) 
voc. 245. 

earm% arm, sb., O.E. earm,=0.Z.6^. arm, 
O.Fris. erm, O.H.G. arm, O.N, armr, Goth. 
arms ; poor, miserable, H. M. 9 ; aerm on his 
mode La^. 6608 ; earme steorve Marh. 12 ; 
]>et a;rme folc Sax. chr. 253 ; )>e arme gume 
REL. I. 186 ; his erme saule hom. I. 27 ; 
earme {dot. n,) hom. I. 35 ; ermne {ace. m.) 
115 ; earme {pi.) P. L. s. viii. 115 ; arme O. 
& N. 537 ; 89rmeBt {superl.) LA3. 14893 ; 
earmest Jul. 53 ; deriv. ermen. 

arm-heorted, adj., tender-hearted, merciful, 
hom. II. 95. 

armhertnesse, sb., mercy, HOM. II. 95. 

erm-lio, adj., 0»E. earmlic ; poor^ miserable, 



HOM. I. 115 ; aermliche bi)>rungen L/^. 9435 ; 
flBrmliohe, armliche (dat.pl.) La^. 593, 1046. 

earming, sb., O.E. earming, erming, yrming, 
= M.Du. arminc, ermine ; poor, miserable 
creature-, )>a erming sauten HOM. I. 41; 
erming frag. 7 ; makede him . . . erming {a 
pauper) HOM. II. 61 ; o. & N. iiii; aerming 
La^ 16690; earminges {pi.) Misa 69 (erm- 
inges HOM. II. 230). 

earmSe, sb., O.E. earm^u, erm^u, yrm^,= 
O.H.G. armida; misery, H. M. 27; crm^ 
Mk. xii. 44; HOM. 1. 113; asrm^ Laj. 
16 143 ; arm)>e rel. I. 182. 

earn, sb., O.E. eam,= MX.G. am, O.N. 6m, 
{gen. amar), cf OJI.G. aro {gen. aren), Goth, 
ara {gen. arins) ; eagle, A. R. 134; aem Laj. 
2826; Orm. 5880; em Hav. 572; Will. 
3105; OCTOV. (W.) 196; Launf. 268; am 
AYENB. 61 ; ernes {gen.) rel. I. 209 ; Roa 
177; eames {pi.) a. r. 196; aemes, ames 
[eames {ms. hearaes)] Laj. 21753, 21755; 
emes Man. (F.) 10202. 

eamien, v., O.E. eamian, cf. MJ^u. amen, 
emen, O.H.G. amen; eam\ emien HOM. 1. 7; 
ame N. P. 14; eameS {pres.) H. M. 19; 
eamie je hom. I. 41 ; emede {pret.) HOM. 
II. 5; earned {ppU.) Kath. 2255; comp. 
)e-, of-eamien. 
eaminge, vbL n., O.E. eaming, eamung; 
earning, merit, misc. 60 ; eminge P. L. S. viii 
32 ; emunge hom. I. 19 ; eaminges {pi.) P. 
L. S. viii. 161. 

ease, see edse. 

east, sb., O.E. east, = O.Fris. ast, MJ)u. 
oost, O.N. aust(-ma¥r) ; east, H. M. 11 ; east 
{in the east) and west feor and neor i do 
wel faire mi mester o. & N. 923 ; J>et ieast 
AYENa 124; bat aest & west & su)> & nox^ 

tis middelaerd biluken Orm. 12 125; verden 
eo aest [est] {eastward) La^. 10590; est 
'oriens' PR. p. 143 ; GEN. & EX. 829 ; toward 
))an est Brd. 2 ; est and west P. s. 331 ; i 
shall walk eest mir. pl. 172. 

-*st-«Bngle, pr. n., O.E. Eastengle ; East- 
Angles, Laj. 12253 ; Estangle Rob. 4. 

fist-dale, sb., O.E. eastdael ; eastern part, 
Orm. 16400. 

&st-ende [easteande], sb., OJS. eastende ; 
east-end, Laj. 28305. 

$st-)et, sb., east gate, HOM. I. 5 ; est^e 
Trev. IV. 451. 

&st-halve, sb., O.E. easthalf ; east part, 
Laj. 29287. 

§aBt-lond, sb., O.E. eastland ; the east : alle 
be meistres weren in estlonde {dcU.) Kath. 
[e.) 535- 

daat-partie, sb., east, east division, Mand. 
156. 

38t-riche, sb., the east, HOM. II. 45. 

dat-sde, pr. n., O.E. easts« ; east sea, P. L. s. 
xiii. 18. 



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187 



East-sexe, pr. n., O.E. Eastseaxe; Essex^ 
Misa 146; iEstsaex [Estsex] Laj. 15390; Est- 
sex Rob. 3. 

fiflt-sidey sb., ecist-side^ La^ 21798 ; estside 
Rob. 2. 

dast-WBrd, adv., 0.£. eastweard ; eastward^ 
FRAG. 5 ; estward Brd. 2. 
est- windy sb., east-wind^ PR. P. 143. 

easten, adv., 0,E, eastan,=6>.yv. austan, 
O.L.G. ostan, ostane, 5stana, O.H.G. ostana ; 
eastward \ esten fro ¥a(n) GEN. & EX. 1264; 
A. R. 232 ; Man. (H.) 45 ; bi este Horn (L.) 
1325 ; P. L. s. xviii. 2 ; fram be easte Shor. 
122. 

easter, sb., O.E. easter(^.wi.eastres,//.eastro) 
if.,eastre (//. eastran, eastron),^;^ OM.G.dstra, 
(pL 6stnin)y; ; Easter \ ester Brd. 7; )>aaestre 
[easter] wes a^onge La^. 24195 ; aster MiRC 
143; id«tre(^^/.) AYENB.213; ananeaestere 
Laj. 24143; astere AUD. 41; Ed. 3140; 
dastre (pL) Mat. xxvi. 2; eastren Mk. xiv. 
i; eestem ^pascha^ PR. P. 143; dastren 
(dat.pL) Sax. CHR. 256 ; befor estren E. w. 
40 ; in estem {ms, esteme) gen. & ex. 3290. 

daater-dei, sb., O.E. easterdaeg, = OJI,G. 
ostertag ; Easter-day^ HOM. I. 123 ; esterdei 
A. r. 412. 

dater-dvexiy sb., 0,E, eastersefen ; Easter- 
eve, A. R. 70 ; HOM. II. 95 ; estereve Trey. V. 
189. 

d8ter-£B8te, sb., Easter-feast, Rob. 441. 

daster-lie, adj., O.E. easterlic, = O.H.G. 
ostarlich ; Easter : fram )>an esterliohe {dat^ 
deie hom. I. 89. 

ftster-lomby sh.,=Ger. osterlamm; paschal 
lamb, Ed. 88. 

dtter-morewe, sb., = Ger. ostermorgen; 
Easter momingy spec. 96. 

$8ter-tid, sb., O.E. easterUd (treat. 6) ; 
Easter-tide, HOM. I. 87 ; estertide Will. 
1417 ; Ar. & Mer. 2849. 
eastemOy adj., O.E. easteme; eastern i of 
a^teme (/ ms. aestene) weorlde Laj. 27393. 
eately see atel. eaten^ sei eten. 

ea8, adj., O.E. ea¥e, e¥e, y¥e {easy, desert), 
= O.L.G. othi (easy), OJf.G. odi (easy, desert), 
O.N. au^ (^ply)'i Goth, aubs (fpijfios) ; easy, 
KATri. 626 ; HOM. 1. 279 ; aef Orm. 13012 ; eS 
him wes on heorten Laj. 2234 ; ya, wes his 
hurte ae¥e 81 78 ; an his mode him wes )>a ae^e 
22359 ; is ... e% to overkesten A. R. 274 ; eb 
Rob. 327 ; Gow. 1. 60 ; MiN. v. 47 ; Man. (H.) 
194 ; eth Will. 3571 ; c^ Gaw. 676 ; a. p. i. 
1201 ; Ch. Tro. v. 850; bli^e hi bie)) and 
ca^e Hickes I. 224; eaXe (adv.) hom. II. 
173; ea¥e meiht tu beon prut A. R. 276; 
ea^e, iej>e P. L. s. viii. 143; aej>e Orm. 17676; 
ebe Horn (R.) 61 ; c. l. 1281 ; ipe Horn 
(L) 57 ; §|'ere (compar.) Lk. v. 23 ; hwas^er 
is e^ to seggene Mr. ii. 9; mid e)>ran 



ledene frag, i ; )»c ae^ (easier) )»c seal iwui^Sen 
Laj. 22100; comp. un-da9e. 

d'S-bdte, adj., easy to amend, HOM. II. 63. 

SaS-falle, adj., easily overcome : ho is ea^- 
falle (v, r.for e^fallen), A. R. 62. 

dC-fSle, adj., easily felt, A. R. 194. 

d)>-gete, adj., O.E. ea^ete ; easily got, Misc 
74. 

sS-healde, adj., O.E. e^hylde; easily held 
\^contenti% Lk. iii. 14. 

dt^-lete, adj., lightly esteemed, P. L. s. viii. 
37 ; ]>e o)>re mannes wif was lef, his awene 
e%lete 130. 

§9e-lic, adj., O.E. ea¥e-, e^e-, y^elTc,=OJV. 
au^igr; easy, light, trifling, HOM. I. 21; 
e^elich Jul. 13 ; on e^elich stiche A. R. 282 ; 
))urh e^liche dede Lai. 24921 ; for a£])elike 
gilte Orm. 10172 ; e^eliche & wake hom. I. 
255; e55eliche men II. 35 ; ©felij (adv.) 
Orm. 12534; be e)>elikeBte (superl.) ston is 
cristal Fl. & Bl. 274. 

3t^-ltlke, adj., easily pulled, Jul. 70. 

gad-medOy sb., O.E. ead-,ea¥medu,» (9JL.G^. 
odm5di, O.H.G. 6t-, ddmuoti ; ^cue : ))urh 
his a&dmeden LA3. 10013; and ^eomeden 
Ar6ures gri^ & his a¥meden 21866. 

dad-mdde, adj., O.E. eadmede,>s O.L.G. 6d- 
modi, OH.G. otmuoti ; humble'. )jc edmeda 
riche HOM. I. 115. 

ed-mdd, adj., O.E. ead-, ea^mod ; humble, 
gracious, ^humilis,' FRAG. 3 ; A. R. 158; misc. 
141; ed-, admod hom. II. 89, 187; he was 
aedmod & milde Orm. ^ZZj ; &dmdde (pi.) 
HC^. 1. 1 15 ; mid aedmode worden La^. 22422 ; 
we ahte to beon ]>e ddmdddre (comp.) hom. 
1.5. 

£dmod-le^o, sb., humility, Orm. 19297. 
eadmod-liohe, adv., O.E. eadmodlice ; 
humbly, graciously, hom. II. 141 ; edmod- 
liche A. R. 94; ae¥modliche LA5. 26288; 
aedmodHj Orm. 1108. 

eadmodnessey sb., O.^.eadmodness; hu- 
mility, graciousness, HOM. 1. 17 ; edmodnesse 
A.R. 8 ; MISC. 193 ; aedmodnesse Orm. 19218. 

dd-modly adj., O.E. eadmddig ; humble : 
)>a edmodleB (gen) monnes bonen a. r. 246. 

dS-8dne, adj., ecLsily seen, plain, Kath. 381 ; 
e^ene, eocene A. R. 116. 

etS-winney adj., easy to win, hom. II. 49. 
eaSieiiy v., ease ; sSede (ms. e^ede) (pret.) 
his sorge GEN. & EX. 1439. 
eatS-inddien, v., O.E. eadmodian ; humble ; 
dadmodie'S (imper.) A. R. 278*; (he) §ad- 
mdde(de) (pret.) hine seolfne hom. I. 17. 
eaUy see A. eauly see aweL 
eayer, see ever. §aw, see &. 
[eaweiiy v., O.E. eawan, eowan, lowan, lewan, 
ywan, = O.Fris. auwa, O.H.G. ougen, Goth. 
augjan ; show ; comp, flBt-3owen.] 
eax, sb., O.E. eax, aex, acas (Mat. iii. 10), » 



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1 88 



eax. 



ed-l&chen. 



0,N. 6x, O.L.G. acus, OM.G, achus, Goth. 
aqizi ; axcy A. R. 384 ; eax, aex LA5. 2312, 
6473 » 2ex ^securis* frag. 4 ; axe voc. 196 ; 
Orm. icx)63 ; Rob. 17 ; ax [axe] Wicl. Mat. 
iii. 10; Ch. l. g. w. 2000; ax voa 234; 

0. & N. 658; Hav. 1894; LEG. 47; s. s. 
(Web.) 384 ; Majnd. 251 ; P. s. 222 ; ex PR. P. 
144; B. DISC. 1 1 80; eaxe (dat) Laj. 2310; 
axon (dat, pi) La^. 7478 ; comp, bol-, brftd-, 
hand-, wi-eax(-ax). 

[eaXy sb., 0,E, t2Ji^=0,H,G, ahsa, Lot. axis ; 

axle.] 
ax-treo, sb., axle-tree, Jul. 56; axtre MiRC 

334; ax-, extre Wicl. ecclus. xxxiii. 5 ; extre 

voc. 180; PR. p. 145 ; Ch. astr. i. 14. 
eaxle, sb., 0,E. eaxl, = O.Frts, axle, 0,N. 

6x1, 0,L,G, ahsla, 0,H,G. ahsla, ahsela, 

ahsala, Lat, axilla ; shoulder ; aexle, exle La), 

2263, 18032 ; eaxle (//.) leechd. III. 120; 

Lk. XV. 5 ; exlan Mat. xxiii. 4 ; axeles 

[* scapulis 'J PS. xc. 4 ; he hit ber6 an his eaxlun 

HOM. I. 245. 
ebaiiy sb., Lat, ebenus, Gk, ti^voi\ ebony y 

PR. P. 135. 
ebbe, sb., O.E, ebba, 0,Fris. ebba, ebbe ; ebb, 

Alis. 6184; Ch. C. t. -F259; Man. (F.) 

12317. 
ebbin, v., O.E, ebbian ; ebb, PR. p. 135 ; ebbe 

lud. Cov. 56; ebbe or flowe M. T. 131; 

ebbeS (pres,) rel. 1. 128 ; ebbe)) treat. 137. 

ebbinge, vbl. n., ebbingy HOM. II. 177. 
ebiire, see dbere. 
eCy see 5ac. 

eooo, sb., Lat, €ch6 ; echo, PR. P. 135. 
dchy see aighwilo. ^he, see &ohe. 
eche, adj., 0,E. ece ; eternal, Mat. xix. 16 ; 

Kath. 302; A.R. 108; REL. I. 130; Orm. 

971; o. & N. 1279; eche reste Hickes I. 

224 ; }>et eche fur frag. 7 ; in eche {forever) 

Jul. 35 ; dehes {gen, m.) Mk. iii. 29 ; echere 

{dat,/,) Angl. VII. 220 ; comp. ejfen-eohe. 
eohe-lio, adj., O.E, ecellc; eternal: ¥eo 

echeliche riche HOM. I. 139 ; II. 23 ; Kath. 

2387. 
eohe-liohe, adv., eternally, frag. 7 ; hom. 

1. 139. 

donesse, sb., O.E, ecness, ecnyss ; eternity, 

Marh. 7 ; Kath. 664 ; echnesse Lk. i. 33 ; 

HOM. I. 109, 251 ; echenesse A. R. 144. 
dohe, sb., P'^eake; f increase*, wi]>oute wane 

and eche Shor. 10. 
eched, sb., 0,E, cced, aeced,=0.Z.6^. ecid, 

from Lat, acetum ; vinegar ; aeched Lk. xxiii. 

36 ; echede {dot,) Mat. xxvii. 48. 
eohen, v., 0,E. ecan, yean, =(7./,. (7. okian,^ 

0,H,G, auchon ; from 0,E. ♦eaoan {plple. 

^cen), Goth, aukan {pret. aiauk), Lat, augere, 

mod.Eng, eke ; increase, augment, A. r. 124 ; 

to echen \m ahte R. s. v ; echan Lk. xiL 25 ; 

schen [eche] La^. 13065; eche Rob. 199; 



spec. 92; Shor. 38; Alis. 6026; Wicl. 
ecclus. xviii. 5 ; echen, eken hom. 11. 31, 
57 ; eken Orm. ded. 57 ; eke Man. (H.) 
176; PR. c. 3256; dohe {pres,) Ch. Tro. '. 
705 ; eche^ hom. 1. 103 ; ekes [* adjiciet'] PS. 
xl. 9 ; dked {pple.) PL. CR. 244. 
echinge, sb., addition ; eking WiNT. viiL 
viii. 53; Gow. 11. 22; i shal putte upon 
Dibon eoohinguB {pi.) WiCL. Is. xv. 9. 
eohin, sb., Lat. echinus, Gr. ixwoi ; echinus 
sea-urchin ; eohinnis (pi.) Ch. Boet. iii. 9 
(82). 

echnesse, see ^nesse under Sohe. 

echte, see Shte. 

eclipse, sb., Fr. eclipse; eclipse, Langl. Cxxi. 

140 ; esclepis [clipes, clippis] C. M. 16814. 
eclipse, v., ecUpse ; edUpsen (pres,) Gow. II. 

153. 
ecliptik, adj. and sb., ecliptic : the ecliptik 

line Ch. astr. i. 21 (12) ; a latitude fro the 

ecliptik ii. 4 (19). 
ecnen, see eaonen. 
[ed-, pre/ix, O.E. ed-, Goth, id-, O.M i^, 0. 

H.G. it- ; again, back,] 
ed, see dad. 

edder-wort, see under addre. 
eddest, edist, adj. superl., ffhr oddist, ses 

od; f distinguished in war, D. Troy. 5324, 

5950. 

eddre, see addre. 
dddre, sb., O.E. aedre, «ddre,«= O.Fris, eddre, 

O.H.G. adra; vein\ (ms. heddre) rel, II 273 j 

dddren (pi) A. R. 258 ; comp. erm-Mdre. 
ede, see Sode. 
edera, sb., LcU. hedera; ivy\ crownid with 

edera Wicl. 2 Macc. vi. 7 ; eder Jon. iv. 6. 
ed-gan, v. ; ich schal . . . undervongen dea^ej 

wunde and ich hit wulle heorteliche vonc 

ofgan [edgan C] ))ine heorte A. R. 390. 
ed-grd(w)e, sb., proving, edgrow, ed- 

growth; aftermath, PR. P. 135. 
ed-healden, v., fretcdn; edhalde (ffbrtx- 

halde) HOM. I. 149. 
ddi, see dadL 
edificatdon, sb., a building; ediflcaoiouns 

(pi.) Trev. I. 405. 
edifien, v., Fr. tdxfiex, from Lat. sedificare, 

mod.Eng, edify; build, make, form \^ edifi- 

care*], Wicl. gen. xi. 8* ; edifie Langl. B 

xviii. 43 ; WiCL. DEEDS XX. 32 ; ediflede 

(pret.) the rib into a woman GEN. ii. 22; 

edefiede an auter viii. 12. 
[edisch, sb., 0,E. edisc, edesc ; park^ 

edi8(h)-heniie, sb. [' cotumix% PS. civ. 4a 
edit, sb., OJ^r, edit, Lat, edictum; edict: 

Rob. 568. 
[ed-lechen, v., O.E. edlaecan; repeat; comp. 

^e-edlAohen.] 



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J 



ed-len. 



efaen. 



189 



ed-len, sb., O.E, edlean,«a/r.a itlon; re- 
compense^ HOM. I. 103. 

edmody see eadmod under SaS. 

ednease, see under dad. 

ed-^t, sb., 0,E. eAwlt,^ 0,L,G. edwTt, Goth, 
idveit, OJi.G, it-, itawlz; reproach^ blame-, fet 
edwit A. R. 108 ; edwit ROB. 379 ; adwit LA5. 
5827 ; falle in edwite O. & N. 1233. 

ed-wite, v^ O.E. edwitian, cf. Goth, idveitjan, 
O.H,G. itwTzon; reproach^ blarney Langl. B v. 
370; p. L. s. iv. 8 ; edwiteS (pres.) HOM. I. 
253 ; edwite^, edwiten H. M. 37; edwite {subj,) 
A- R. 426 ; edwite WlCL. ecclus. viii. 6 ; ed- 
wited (prei.) Langl. Cvii. 421. 
ed-witiDg, sb., reproachy blaming \ edwiting 
(var, r, upbreiding) WiCL. WISD. v. 3*; 
ECCLUS. vi. I*. 

ee, see Sa^e. eek, see §ao. eOEt, see Sast. 

eem, see earn, eete, see 6ten. ef, see ML 

efen, adj. andzAv,y 0,E. efen, emn, em,= O. 
Fm.even, iven, O.N, iafn, 0,H,G. eban,epan, 
Goth, ibns ; eveny equaly Orm. 1840 ; efhe & 
sme¥e A. r. 2 ; J>et is efne wi^ |ie HOM. 1. 209 ; 

tole wi^ efhe heorte J>e dom 265 ; ^r seal be 
eh^ beon aefhe [efne] )»an lo^ La^. 22928 ; 
his aefne wiht of golde 30835 ; ete . . . enes o 
dai & evene (just) fille hom. II. 67 ; evene 
dom c. L. 490 ; evene juge Ch. C. t. A 1864 ; 
^t make^ )Kine wal emne ayenb. 151 ; 
an emne equally Shor. 75 ; al an evene 
(quieify) RoB. (W.) 9567 ; eme]>issen worden 
. . . Beduer heo gon hirten LA3. 25939 ; he 
heom wes leof a^e al swa heore llf 13924 ; 
afne for^ rihten (r. rihte) 22773 > >ch singe 
efae 0. & N. 313 ; evene gen. & ex. 331 ; 
Will. 747 ; J>at is evene above ))in heved 
TREAT. 132 ; to bere him evene Ch. C. t. A 
1523 ; em forth (according to) mi might 2235 ; 
cm forth mi wit Ch. Tro. ii. 997 ; evene for^ 
wi|> jri seJve Langl. (Wr.) 1 1637 ; evene weren 
)t cndes two leg. 48 ; whan J>e dai and \e. 
nijt be)) evene Trev. I. 325 ; J)ei ben evene 
wi^ aungels [* aequedes angelis sunt '] WiCL. 
Lk. XX. 36 ; comp, an-efen. 
efen-ald,adj., O.E. efeneald,= O./^.CP. epan- 
2^\ of the same agCy Orm. 18605 ; evenald 
(ms, -hald) H. M. 41 ; evenold, -eld Uoaeta- 
neus^ PR. p. 143. 

even-cristene, sh,yfelloW'Christiany hom. I. 
53; Langl. (Wr.) 3353 ; evencristen c. L. 976 ; 
emcristene Hickes L 223 ; emcristen ayenb. 
10. 

eCan-eohe, adj., O.E. efenece; coetemaly 
Orm. 18582. 

even-hdde, sb., equity ['aequitas^ WiCL. 
PS.X. 8. 

efen-hSh, adj., O.E. efenheah, = a/f.C?. 
ebenhoh; equally high, Orm. 15720. 

even-knijt, ^,y fellow-soldier [Uommilito '], 
WiCL. Philip, ii. 25. 

even-lSohen, v., 6^.-£. efenlsecan; resemble \ 



ev-enl§ohet$ (pres.) hom. 1. 113 ; comp. je- 
efenlAohen. 

geve-leng9e, sb., C?.^.iafhleng^; f equinox, 
gen. & EX. 147. 
even-lio, adj., O.E. cfenlTc, 0,N. iafnligT,= 
Goth, ibnaleiks; equal, Orm. 1837; eveliche 
MISC. 90 ; gevelic rel. I. 213 ; gen. & ex. 
282 ; evenliehe (adv.) rel. I. 172 ; E. w. 5 ; 
evenli WiCL. Job ix. 32. 
efen-inahti3, adj., equally mighty, Orm. 
18571. 

efen-mete, adj.,=» a//;G^. ebenmSzi ; of the 
same size, Orm. 3099 ; evenmete PS. xlviii. 13. 
efonnessey sb., O.E. efennyss, emness; 
equity ; evennesse [* aequitas '] WiCL. deut. 
ix. 5 ; evennes PS. x. 8. 
efen-ndxta, sb., neighbour, hom. I. 17. 
efen-rike, adj., equally powerfitly Orm. 
u868. 

efen-servaiint, sb., fellow'servant, WiCL. 
APOC. xix. 10; eveneenranntis (//.) Mat. 
xviii. 28. 

adfon-soulEere, sb., brother, WiCL. 2 MAca 
ix. 29. 

even-worJ>, adj., equivalent, WiCL. Job 
xxviii. 19. 
efen, see dfen. 

efenling, evenling, sb., O.E. efenling; 
equcdy HOM. I. 57, 67. 
efeste, see dveste. 

effect, sb., Lat. effectus ; effect, fruit, purpose ; 
the swete effecte of Aprelle floures P. L. s. 
xxxi. 67 ; mi purchas is th' effect of al mi rent 
Ch. C. t. Z> 1451 ; to tellen hem theffect of his 
entent E 1398 ; took effect Ch. Boet. i. 4 (15). 
effectual, adj., effectual; effectueel Ch. C. 
T. D 1870. 
effectual-li, adv., effectually: effectual] 
WiCL. E. w. 388. 

effeetuoB, adj., LcU. effectuosus; effectual, 
APOL. 55. 
effectuous-li, adv., effectually, lud. Cov. 
380. 

efficace, sb., efficacy, a. r. 246. 
efflouren, v., go out of bloom : effloureth 
(pres.) [^ de/loresat *] Pall. iii. 82. 
effirai, sb.,=affrai; terror. Barb. xi. 250. 
effiraien, v.,=affiray; efi^ailt (pple.) Barb. 
vii. 610. 

effuscion, sb., dispersion. Chest. 92. 
efhe, sb., O.N. efhi ; ability, naturcy A. R. 6, 
372 ; on. mannes efene HOM. II. 137 ; after 
his evene according to his ability hom. I. 
187 ; bi his evene Kath. 57 ; bi here evene 
P. s. 157. 
eftien, v., O.E, efnan, cf O.N. iafha, 0.//.G. eba- 
non, Goth, (ga-)ibnjan ; render even, equcUise, 
Orm. 1396 ; evenen H. M. 19 ; WiCL. Is. xxviii. 
25 ; evenin * aequo * PR. p. 143 ; emni ayenb. 



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190 



efnen. 



egiptisch. 



16 ; efheV, evene'S (pres,) A. R. 82, 132 ; oure 
loverd him silf him evenej) to sojmisse J)ere 
Bek. 1629 ; efhede {pret.) A. R. 126 ; efhed, 
evened (pfiie,) HOM. II. 103, 211 ; evened PS. 
Ixxxviii. 7 ; comp, ^e-efhen. 

efning, sb., 0,N, iafhingi ; equal, HOM. 1. 191 ; 
A. R. 182 ; efning, efening Orm. 10702, 10991 ; 
evening Kath. i 19 ; o. & n. 772 ; MiRC 1229 ; 
}>et nevede on eor^ non evening misc. 95. 

efre, see Sfire. 

eft, adv., O.E. eft, xft,= O.L.Cy O.Frts, eft; 
afterwards; agaitiy Kath. 1449; Orm. 181 ; 

REL. 1. 225 ; GEN. & EX. II69; C L. 751 ; 

Will. 882; Langl. ^xvii. iii ; Gk)w. II. 
264 ; Ch. C. t. a 1669 ; Mand. 14 ; WiCL. 
GEN. xvii. 9 ; HOCCL. i. 408 ; aevric mon seal 
eft mowen bi ))on J>e he nu sawe^ HOM. 1. 137 ; 
dude hit eft & eft A. R. 266 ; wanne he come eft 
a^e Rob. 220 ; and ever eft he was lame B. 
DISC 477 ; eft, aeft LA5. 3264, 6445 ; efte Rob. 
(W.) 3628* ; and eft Bone (iftsoons) cume )«r 
to o. & N. 821 ; ef sone Rob. (W.) 1896. 

eft, sb., t—O.E, aefest, aefst; f malice; eft 
and ni)>e and felounie M. H. 130; eft and 
nithe and felonni 125 ; iowes hauis eft and 
nithe at me for the ferlikes that i kithe 35. 

efter, see flBfter. 

eft-sone, adv., see under eft. 

eft-white, v., / repay y Townl. 106. 

eg, see §1. 

egal, adj., 0,Fr, esgal, egual, igal, from Lat, 
aequalis; equal; under ioure ierde egal to 
min offence Ch. Tro. iii. 88 ; egalle (pL) 
CT. LOVE 1041 ; E. G. 401. 
egal-li, adv., with equanimity, impartially, 
CT. LOVE 365 ; agreableli or egali Ch. Boet. 
ii. 4 (43). 

egalite, sb., O.Fr, egaut^, egalit^, Lat, aequa- 
litas; evenness of mind, equanimity; she is as 
these martires m egalite Ch. C. T. / 949; 
egalite Ch. Boet. ii. 4 (42). 

eje,ei^e,sb., O.^.ege, (9JV^.agi= (^.//IG^.egi m,, 
for Goth, agis n, ; awe, terror, HOM. 1. 99, 1 13 ; 
lufe ne foreje {ms, ejje) Orm. 4481 ; ajhe 7185 ; 
eige Mat. xiv. 26 ; eige, age gen. & ex. 432, 
2550; eije, aeije, eie, eaie La^. 4733, 9126, 
9129. 22881 ; ^ne muchelne aeie [eie {ms, 
eye)] 16142; eie P. L. s. viii. 140; Marh. 

5 ; A. R. 418 ; Fl. & Bl. 302 ; P. s. 196 ; eie 
Bek. 282 ; REL. 1. 1 16; Rich. 3609 ; h. s. 38; 
)>ou haddest of him non eie Man. (F.) 2894 ; 
awe 1850; eie, seie Sax. chr. 261, 266; aghe 
Townl. 305 ; ahje leg. cath. 88 ; aighe Ar. 

6 Mer. 465 ; of wham men stonde)) aie Fer. 
408 ; aie, awe Alis.' (Sk.) 1243 ; awe ^pavor, 
terror' PR. P. 17 ; Hav. 277 ; Ch. C. t. A 
654 ; HoccL. i. 383 ; for love ne for awe 
Will. 5430 ; aue c. m. 18050. 

ei-fold, adj., haughty, Rob. (W.) 7729*. 

ei-ftd, adj., O.E, egefuU ; awful, Kath. 40 ; 
ajheful Orm. t^'J2 ; elfUlle (pL) word HOM. 
II. 81; ahefulle develes 1. 271. 



e^e-lSs, adj., 0,E, egeleas,=(9JSr. agalauss; 

aweless, frarless, Orm. 61 91 ; ajlei Gaiv. 

2335 ; »ielese (//.) Laj. 19410. 
flBie-leste, sh,, fearlessness, LA5. 19291. 
ei-lioh, adj.,= a/T.G^. egilih ; terrible, HOM. 

II. 5 ; aghhch Gaw. 136 ; a^eliche (odT/S) 

A. R. 56* ; ajli A. P. ii. 937. 
e^e, see ei^e. 
egede, adj. {etymology unknown, cf Agede) ; 

foolish, silly; for nawt ne )>unche hit hire 

egede H. M. 39 ; his egede orhel Marh. i i ; 

hwu egede )>ing is orhel A. R. 282 ; {printed 

a gade) s. S. (Web.) 2638. 
e3em, adj., t^O.N, §giam; lascivious; ¥is 

oref is swi^e egeme HOM. II. 37. 
[e^ese, else, sb., 0,E, ^gesa, egsa,=6>.Z.(7-, 

O.HXj, egiso m,; terror^ 
flBijes-fUl, adj., 0,E, ^;esfull; fearful, ter- 
rible, Laj. 17972 ; eisful HOM. I. iii ; Marh. 

9 ; {printed eifful) A. R. 190. 
eis-lio, adj., O.E, egesllc, = C>.Z.^. ^slic; 

terrible, frag. 3 ; HOM. I. 87 ; eisliche wihte 

P. L. S. viii. 142 J eiseliche HOM. 1 1. 67. 
egg, see 6i 
egge, sb., O.E. ecg,= O.Fris. eg, O.N. egg, 

OJL,G. eggia, 0,H.G, ekka, Lat. acies ; edge^ 

^acies,' PR. P. 136; Laj. 5202; Orm. 6639 ; 

ALIS. I271 ; B. DISC 1923 ; WiCL. HEBR. xi. 

34 ; L. H. R. 136 ; mid sweordes egge A. R. 60 ; 

under a wode egge Jos. 475 ; fe bluest of Jie 

eggez A. P. ii. 451. 

eghelinge, adv., edgewise, M. ArtH. 3676. 
egge-tdl, sb., edge-tool, Will. 3755 ; Gow. 

II. 251. 
egged, adj., O.E, ecged,= O.N. eggia¥r ; ed^ed, 

Man. (F.) 7862 ; a . . . knif iegged in ei)>er 

side Rob. 310. 
eggement, sb., from eggen; incitement i 

thurgh wommanes eggement [egment] Ch. 

C. T. B 842. 
eggen, v., 0,N, eggia, cf modEng, egg on ; 

provoke, incite, A.'R, 146 ; Orm. 11819; eggin 

^incito* PR. P. 136; eggeS (pres.) rel. I. 

131 ; eggede {pret,) leb. Jes. 897 ; Trey. 

IV. 93; egged Will. 1130; pr. c. 5483; 

Adam and Eve he eggede (heggen) to (don) 

ille Langl. ^ i. 63 ; eggiden['provocaverunt^] 

WiCL. DEUT. xxxii. 16. 
eggunge, vbl. n., egging on, instigation, a. R. 

82 ; eggunge, egginge H. M. 5 ; eggmg Orm. 

1 1675 ; A. P. ii. 241 'y PR. C 5487. 
eggen, v.,-=^M.Du. egghen, OM.G. eckan; 

cf eipe ; harrow : eggen o|)er harwen Langl. 

Cvi. 19. 
eghelinge, see under egge. 
Egipoian, sb., Egyptian, WiCL, deeds vii. 24. 
egipstone, sb., gypsum, voc 94. 
Egipte, pr. n., Egypt : of Egipte londe hom. 

I. II. 
egiptisch, adj., 0,E, egyptisc; Egyptiani 
)>am egiptissen folche (r. folce) hom. I. 87. 



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egle. 

egle, sb., <9./r. egle, aigle ; eagie, Mand. 48 ; 

Ch. C. t. ^3178; egle is era Man. (F.) 

13757. 
egleche, adj., 0,E. aeglaeca, aglseca; fboid^ 

valiant ; knihtes egleche REL. I. 170 (MISC 

102) ; slei^e men and egleche S. A. L. 148 ; |)e 

lefdi was egleche ROB. (W.) xx. 125, 
^eiiy see eUen. 
eglentder, sb., OJ^r. eglenter, eoglentier; 

eglantine^ Mand. 14. 
egre, adj., O.Fr. egre, aigre ; eager^ RoB. 80 ; 

REL. II. 277; Will. 3636; Ch. C. t. E 

1 199 ; WiCL. PS. cvi. II. 

egre-liehy adv., eagerly^ Langl. B xvi. 64. 
e^ren, v., O.Fr, aigrier ; urge^ excite : egren 

him to done felonies Ch. Boet. iv. 6 (141) ; 

he . . . egerd (pret,) him with D. Troy 7329. 
e^, see eah^. e^te, see dhte. ehe, see 

ea;e. eht^, see eahte. ehte, see fihte. 
ehten, v., 0»E, ehtan ; persecute ; ? egte gen. 

& EX. 470. 
ehtere, sb., 0,E. ehtere; ^ persecutor,^ 

FRAG. 2. 

ehtendOy see eahtuSe. 

ei, \DX.j==M.H.G. ei; alas; ei Ch. C. t. A 

3768 ; ei god ayenb. 105 ; ei what is me 

HoccL. i. 393. 
ei, egg, sb., O.E. aeg, O.N. ^gg,= O.H.G. ei ; 

^gg\ ey, o. & N. 104; Rob. 404; Gow. III. 76 ; 

Ch. C. t. B 4035 ; Wicl. Lk. xi. 12 ; Lidg. 

M. P. 204; s. & C. I. xxix; ei, ei^ leg. 124, 

125 ; non eij {ms, no neij) Will. 83 ; ei, ai 

Gam. 610; aig Lk. x. i, 12; ai Alis. 568; 

Trist. 3167 ; Man. (H.) 175 ; ei, eg pr. p. 

136; eie (ms, eye) (dat.) treat. 132; d^ere 

\0.E. 3bgru,=0,N.G. eigir] (pi.) leechd. III. 

134; eiren a. R. 66; P. L. S. xii. 60; eyren 

ayenb. 178; Mand. 49; Lidg. m. p. 29; 

u c c 7 ; egges Langl. B x. i. 343 ; s. & c 

II. Ivi ; eir {gen. pi.) mohger, egg-seller^ 

P. L. s. xii. 69 ; eire {dcU. pi.) o. & N. 106 ; 

amp. adel-, gos-ei. 
ai-8dhelle» sb., egg-shelly Alis. 577. 
ei, see fini. 
[eie, sb., O.E. eg, igy^Af.Du. ei, O.N. ey /; 

island], 
ei-lond, sb., 0,E. eg-,Tgland, = MJ)u. eiland, 

O.N. eyl^id; island^ REL. I. 220; eland 

Man. (H.) 77; ilond Laj. 1133*; OcTOV. 

(W.) 539 ; iland Trist. 1024. 
eie, see 836. eie, see ea^e. eier, see heir. 
613, su eL 

ei^, see e^e. ei^e, see ea^e. 
ei^te, eihte, see eahte. ei^tene, see ehtetSne 

under eahte. eihte, see dhte. 
dihwer, see aihwer. eiland, see under gie. 
eile, sb., O.E, egl^ (pointy bit of straw) egla 

(ear of com) voc. 38, cf.L.G. aile/ (arista) ; ear 

of com, bit of straWy * acus^ Halliw. ^43 ; 

fa eigle ['festucam '] LK. vi. 41 ; eilen (pL) 

A. R. 270. 



el.. 



191 



eile, adj., O.E. egle^^ Got A. aglus; grievous^ 

painful', eiJe and hard a L. 223 ; eile Bev. 

513 ; ))at water wes stume and eile (ms. eille, 

r. w, seile) heore )>uhte swij)e eille [eil] of 

ae^elene hire faedere Laj. 3281 ; eil H. M. 

25. 
eile, sh.y^Goth. agio (BXl^n); pain: de^ lesse 

eile to J>en eien a. r. 50. 
eilen, v., O.E. tglaHj^Gotk, (us-)agljan; oily 

annoyy be painfuly A. R. 276 ; Rich. 3629 ; 

ejlen Orm. 4767 ; eili H. M. 47 ; eileS (pres,) 

Kath. 1699; what eile)) \^ Fer. 1560 ; Ch. 

C. T. B 108 1 ; i wot wel what siknesse 30U 

eile)) Langl. ^vi. 259; eille (subj,) a. r. 

418 ; ))is eisful wiht )>et hit ne eile [eili] me 

nawiht Marh. 9; eilede (pret.) Will. 951 ; 

ailed (pple.) Gaw. 438 ; MiN. ix. 28. 
eimeri, eimbre, sb., O.E. aemerge, 0,N. 

eimyrja; ember, ^pruna^ PR. p. 136. 
eir, see air, eire and heir, 
eire, see iren. 
eire, sb., O.Fr. erre, cf. mod.Eng. 'justices in 

eyre ; ' swiftnesSy journey : alle the flote com 

wib gret eire Man. (F.) i486; as ))e ssipes 

wip gret eir [heir, ire] come toward londe 

Rob. (W.) 1183 ; fe eire of iustize Rob. (W.) 

10647. 
eirede, see SrSde. 
eiren, v., O.Fr, errer, oirrer ; journey ; aires 

(pres.) D. Arth. 1329. 
eischste, see askien. 

else, see aise and e^ese. eis^lich, see aisie. 
eisieny v., O.E. egesian, egsian, = O.H.G. 

egison ; terrify : ))et he his men eisian ne der 

HOM. I. III. 
eisil, sb., O.Fr. aissel ; vinegar, A. R. 402 ; 

a L. 1150; eisel R. R. 217; Mirc 1884; 

AUD. 64 ; eisel, aisel WiCL. num. vi. 3, Mk. 

XV. 36 (v. r. vinegre); CM. 18019; aisiles 

(gen.) John xix. 29; mid eisile (earlier 

version ecede) Mk. xv. 36. 
eit, sb., fO.E. igo^; ait (eyot)y small island; 

))an aeit LA5. 23873. 
§it-lond, sb., small islandy La^ ill 7. 
eltete)'e,eiteti, eite)>e, see ei3te-teo)>e under 

eahte. 
ei)>e, sb., O.E. ege^, t^M.Du. egede, M.L.G. 

egede, eide, O.H.G. egida; /u^ow; el)>efl 

(pi.) Langl. Cxxii. 273. 
ei)>er, see dither. 

ek, see Sao. eke, see eake. ^ken, see dken. 
eken, see echen. eking, see eching. 
eker, sb., some sea-monster : thei woneth in 

water iwis with eker [v.r. iker] and fisch 

Alis. 6172 ; ekeris (//.) 6202. 
ekni, see §aonen. 
[el-, O.E. el-, ael-, eie-, cf OX.G. eli-, V.H.G. 

eli-, el-, GotA, alja-. Lot. ali-, Gr. aXXo-.] 
el-heowed, adj., changed in colour : his leor 

dea^ich ant blac ant eiheowit HOM. I. 249. 



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19^ 



el-. 



elmesse. 



ele-lende» sb., 0,E. ele-, ellende, 0,H,G, 

eli-, ellenti; {exiled) foreigner \ aliande *^4r- 

traneus* PR. P. 9. 

ele-lendis, elendia, adj., 0,E, elelendisc; 
foreign ; (ms, helendis) HOM. I. 79, 81. 
el-reordiy adj., 0,E, elreordig; sneaking 

another language^ barbarous : efireordi (/ ms. 

welreordi) ^ond Laj. 25658. 
el-|>Sod, sb., 0,E, el)>eod ; foreign nation : 

for al]>eodeiie {gen, pi.) gold Laj. 2327. 
el-S§odi» adj., O.E, ^X^odXg] foreign^ A. R. 

348* ; aljjeodi krag. 2. 
al-)>eodiso, adj., O.E, elbeodisc ; foreign, 

La^ 2301 ; ealt$§odi8ce {pi.) Mat. xxvii. 7. 
el, O.E. ael, = 0,H,G, al, OJ/, all ; eel, 

^anguilla^ PR. P. 137 ; dies {pi.) Alis. 5792; 

Mand. 161 ; elis l. c. c. 50. 
Sl-ger, sb., M.Du, aelgheer; eel-spear, 

^fuscina; PR. P. 138. 
el, see aweL 
elbowe, see under elne. 
elch, see alghwUo. eld, see eald. 
eld, sb., 0,E. ab\td,= O.L,G. eld, O.N. eldr; 
^re, HOM. II. 258. 
elde, sb., O.E. eldo, aeldo, yldo, cf. O.L.G, eldl, 

O.H.G. eltT, altl, OJJ, elli/ ; from eald ; age, 

HOM. II. 35 ; Orm. 201 ; GEN. & EX. 705 ; 

Rob. II ; spec 48 ; Shor. 168 ; ayenb. 69 ; 

Will. 5227 ; Langl. B xi. 43 ; Ch. C. t. A 

2447 ; Mand. 293 ; Wicl. Lk. i. 36 ; a. p. 

ii. 657 ; PR. c. 1 5 13; elde me ha)) overcome 
. l. H. R. 22 ; fiftene ^er ]>an was his elde Man. 

(F.) 9744 ; on hire elde Lk. i. 36 ; ich was of 

swuche elde A. R. 318 ; wimman of elde {of 

aee) Hav. 2713 ; elde, ulde P. L. s. viii. 9, 

188 ; aelde [ealde] LA5. 25913 ; ul)»c (/vulde) 

P. L. s. xix. 6. 
elden, see ealdien. 
dlden, v., cf, 0,N, elda ; from 61d ; light a 

fire\ Peilden gen. & ex. 2892. 

eldem, adj., ffrom, compar, ofBBXdi ; elderly, 

ancient', eldeme mannes late Orm. 1213 ; 

min eldrin folk of juen lede C. M. 180 16. 
eldem-liohe, adv., of old time, E.G. 352. 
elding, sb., cf, O.N. elding, Scotch eldin ; fuel, 

C. M. 3164 ; eilding ^focale* PR. p. 136. 
eldnesse, see ealdnesae. 
eldringes, sb. ^\., parents, ayenb. 35. 
61e, sb., O.E. ele m., ele, oele,^ O.H.G, oli, 

olei n., O.L.G. olig, Goth, ale, O.Fr. oile, 

uile ; from Lot. oleum ; oil, frag. 8 ; Orm. 

13252; Shor. 41; eli Hickes I. 229; eole 

Kath. 2512 ; eoile H. M. 45 ; eoli Marh. i i ; 

A. R. 320; olie GEN. & EX. 1548 ; oli PS. iv. 

8 ; oile, uile ayenb. 93. 
61e-B&w, sb., oil, Orm. 8667. 
elebre, sb., O.Fr. ellebore; hellebore, PR. P. 

138; Pall. i. 1044. 
elecciomi, sb., O.Fr. dection, Lat, electio; 



election, choice of fit times, H. S. 10990; Mand. 
155; Ch. C. t. B 312 ; eleociouna (//.) of 
times ASTR. ii. 4 (18) ; election Gow. I. i8, 

elect, sb., election ; elect Wint. ix. xxvii. 141 ; 
electes N. E. D. 

elect, adj., elect ; eleckte Chest. I. 212 ; elect 
{sb) bishop elect, WiNT. ix. xxvii. 121. 

electre, sb., O.Fr. eleutre, Lat, electrum; a 
metal, WiCL. Ez. i. 4, 27. 

elegeance, see enlegeanoe. 

element, sb., O.Fr. element; element \ ele- 
ments {pi.) treat. 138. 

[elen, v., O.E. aelan ; bum ; comp, an-dlen.] 

elenge, elenglich, elengenes, see Alenge. 

elet, sb., O.E, aeled ; fuel, hom. II. 119 ; Bev. 
3088. 

elevaciomi, sb., O.Fr. elevacion, eslevation, 
Lat. elevatio, mod.Eng. elevation; altitude 
above the horizon, Ch. astr. ii. 23 (32). 

elevat, adj., Lat. elevatus; elevated^ Ch. 
astr. ii. 23 (32). 

elfe, see alfe. 

Eli, pr. n., O.E, Ellg; Ely, Rob. 6. 

^en, v., M,H,G, olen, olen ; anoint \ die 
Shor. 41; 6Iede {pret,) Rob. (W.) 5329; 
i61ed {ms. iheled) {pple) RoB. 457 ; he wes 
icruned and ieled Laj. 31 941. 
61ixige, sh.,^M,H.G. 61unge, olunge; oil- 
ing: ))e laste elinge extreme unction MiRC 
533 ; eliinge Shor. 41. 

elif aunt, see olif&nt 

elite, sb., election : )>e pape wild not consent, 
he quassed \tx elite Man. (H.) 209 ; elites 

{pi.) IBID. 

eliten, v., from elite ; elect: Creusa . . . )wa 

Eneas afterward elit {pret.) to wed D. Troy 

1490. 
ellame, sb., O.E, eilam,=M,LG, elhom, 

alhom; elder {tree), 'sambucus,* voa 140, 

181 ; helren (^relren) 163; elleme [heldeme, 

illem, eUer] Langl. A 1.66; eldir PR. P. 137 ; 

see hiUer. 

elle, see elne. ellen, see elne. 
elles, adv., O.E. tilts, =O.Fris. elles, O.I/.G. 

elles, alles, Goth, aljis; else, Orm. 7983; 

Will. 1 132; Mand. 5; pr.c. 1281; Hoccl. 

ii. 23; in lenten and elles [ellis] Langl. 

B PROL, 91 ; summe qve¥en aelles [elles] 

La^. 893; ellis SACR. 211 ; elles hwar a. r. 

yS ; ^if heo ouht elles understode O. & N. 

662 ; elles hwider lokin HOM. I. 261 ; elles 

whoder P. L. s. xvii. 549 ; hellee<^wat HOM. 

215. 

elleven, see endleven. 
elm, sb., O.E. elm, = O.H.G. elm, cf. 0,N. almr; 

elm, * ulmus,' PR. p. 138 ; trans. XVIII. 24 ; 

Ch. C. t. a 2922. 
elmesse, sb., 0,E, s^lmesst, from Gk, Iktit 

fAotrvvij; alms, A. R. 222; AYENB. 17; don 

elmesse hom. I. 37 ; elmesse to wurchen II. 



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elmesse. 



en. 



T93 



59; almesse Langl. Bui, 75; Ch. C. t. 

^168. 
elmeB-dede, sb., almsdeedy HOM. I. 135 ; 

almesdede R. S. iv; p. L. S. xvii, 385 ; C. M. 

"350. 
almeB-diBch^ sb., B. B. 139 ; almesdisohes 

(//.)Trev. VIII. 183. 
elmee-ftil, adj., charitable^ HOM. I. 143; 

almesfiil hom. II. 85 ; Orm. 9931 ; Bek. 

1674 ; Langl. Cvii. 48. 
ehnes-^eom, adj., charitable^ HOM. I. 43. 
aBlmes-mon, sb., almsman^ La^ 19662. 
almee-wero, sb., almsdeedy Orm. 10118. 
elne, sb., 0,E. ellen, cf, O.H.G. ellan, ellen, 

ellin, O.L.G. ellen, ellean, ellien, Goth, aJjan «., 

OJ^, eljan, eljun f, ; strength^ comfort^ HOM. 

I. 215 ; Marh. 10; A. r. 106 ; H. M. 27. 
eUen-lds, adj., comfortless^ Orm. 10908. 
elne, sb., O.E, e\n,^O.N.G. elna, elina, O.N. 

din, alin, Goth, aleiha, Lot. ulna, Gh. oAtyrj ; 

ell, Aus. 2750 ; an elne long SPEC. 35 ; an 

ebe (printed a nelne) brod D. Troy 170 ; 

elne, elle PR. P. 138; elle OCTOV. (W.) 934; 

elne (pL) gen. & ex. 563 ; elnen Rob. 429. 
el-bowe, sb., O.E. elnboga,=6^.//.(7. elin- 

bogo, O.N. 5ln-, 61bogi ; elbow, frag. 2 ; 

clbowe treat. 139. 
eln-^erde, sb., ell yard, Gaw. 210; elne- 

jerdes (//.) Rob. (W.) 8834. 
elle- wand, sb., ell-wandy PR. P. 139. 
elnen, v., O.E. elnian,=0.yv: elna, OJI.G. 

ellinon, Goth, aljanon; comfort, HOM. I. 215 ; 

A. R. 10; elnede (pret.) Kath. 672. 
elning, elnung, sb., O.E, elnung ; comfort, 

HOM.I. 185, 201. 
elongaciomi, sb., Lat, elongatio ; elongation, 

angular distance, Ch. astr. ii. 25. 
elp, sb., O.E. elp, elpend, cf M.H.G, elfant ; 

iUphant, rel. I. 223 ; alpes {gen) ban 

[ivory) L. N. F. 248 ; see olifSBUt. 
elpi, see &nlSpi^. 
elring, sb., ? = M.H.G, erling, cf Ger, elritze ; 

a sort offish, ? minnow : als the quale fars wit 

the elring M. H. 136. 
elsin, see alsene. 

elten, v., O.N. elta ; knectd, gen. &ex. 2892. 
elvene, see alfe. em, see am and efen. 
em, see earn, emang, see en. 
ematte, see &niete. 
embassade, sb., O.Fr, embassade ; embassy ; 

business or message of an ambassador \ 

DREAM 1993 ; now mi imbasset i have seid 

to you LUD. Cov. Tj, 

embassadrie, sb., embassy, Ch. C. t. B 233. 
embe, see umbe. 
embelif,adv. & adj., 0,Fr, en belif ; oblique- 

ly ; oblique; not at right angles : under 

the cercle of cancer, ben ther 12 devisiouns 

cmbehf Ch. astr. i. 20 (11) ; embelif cercle 



ii. 26 ; embelif orisonte . . . embelif angles 

ii. 26. 
enibe|>onk, see umbe-j'ano. 
embir-dai, see iimbri-. 
emb-smtSen, see umbesniSen. 
emel, emell, see mel. 
emeraude, sb., Fr. emeraude ; emerald, spec. 

26. 
emeraudes, sb. pi, O.Fr. esmeroides, /rtf;w 

Lat. haemorrhoides, Gk. aifxoppoides ; emerods, 

REL. I. 190 ; PR. p. 139. 
dmete, see &mete. 
emforp^for efen for}> : see efen. 
emne, emnen, see efen, efhen. 
[emnetten, v., O.E. emnettan ; from efhen ; 

make equal; comp, ^e-emnetten.] 
emparale, sb., med.Lat, imperialis ; imperial 

(a coin) : for emperfilee (//.) that were not 

smale 1 bought him thare Octov. (W.) 1911. 
emperice, sb., empress. Sax. chr. 264 ; Will. 

5343 ; Trev. IV. 189 ; emperisse Shor. 117 ; 

emperesse (emperasse) Rob. (VV.) 9064. 
emperie, sb., O.Fr, emperie ; empire, Rob. 

85 ; Trev. III. 73 ; enpir Man. (F.) 3068. 
emperour, sb., O.Fr, empereor; emperor, 

Rob. 46 ; Will. 525 1 ; s. s. (Wr.) i ; aum- 

perour leb. Jes. 393; saints (Ld.) 344; 

aumperonres saints (Ld.) 248. 
empiri, sb., Fr, empyree, f from Gr. ffiirvpos; 

empyrean: ))is heven is cald empiri PR. C 

7761. 
emplastre, sb., 0,Fr, emplastre, from Gr, 

flinkavrpov ; plaster : make an enplaster 

[later ver. plaster] upon the wounde WiCL. 

Is. xxxviii. 21. 
emplastren, v., Lat, emplastrare; plaster 

over, ^loss : als fair as ye his name emplastre 

{v. r. implastre) (pres,) he was a lecchour Ch. 

C. T. E 2297. 
empnse, sb., O.Fr, emprise, emprinse; enter- 
prise, Ch. C. t. A2S40; c. M. 9802 ; Octov. 

(W.) 1060,769; Gow. I. III. 
dmti,adj., O.E. emtig, 2emtig,aemetig; empty, 

^vacuus,' PR. P. 139; HOM. II. S7 ; Kath. 

393 ; ayenb. 143 ; emti [empti] Ch. C. t. 

A 3894 ; emti, amti ROB. 17, 50 ; empti A. R. 

156; M. H. 151. 
dmtien, v., O.E. jemtian, semtigian; empty; 

empte Ch. C. t. CP 741 ; \>o \>et 6mte)? (pres,) 

J>e herte of hire guode AYENB. 58 ; dmptede 

(pret.) Trev. VI 11. 89 ; aemteden Laj. 30408. 
6mtiiige,sh,,emptying,^evacuatio,* PR.P. 139. 
en, see ean. 
en, prep., cf. O.Fris. en,=ln ; in, on : en Ed- 

wardes kinges deje Angl. VII. 220 ; en mang 

among Sax. chr. 261 ; en ende HOM. I. 227 ; 

en Enge(l)londe CHR. E. 336, 480 ; en middes 

Parten. 870 ; ene }>e ))ridde dai MISC 199 ; 

e mang TowNL. 22 ; CM. 7364 ; e mange 

a M. 14342. 



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194 



en- 



[en-, pref., O.Fr. en-,=in-.] 
en-ameleiiy v., for amelen; enamel \ ena- 
meled (ffile) Mand. 219; enamildPR. C 8902. 
enamuren, v., O.Fr, enamourer; enamour \ 

enamtired {fple,) Man. (F.) 9367. 
enarmeiiy v., 0,Fr, enarmer; arm ; enarmed 

{pple,) C L. 1351. 
enbaissingy^abashinge, Ch. Boet. iv. i 

(109). . ^ ^ 

enbanen, v., f fortify \ enbaned (pple.) 

under ))e abatailment Gaw. 790; enbaned 

under batelment A. P. ii. 1458. 
en-bataileii, v., from O.Fr. batailler ; make 

battlements; entrench: walled welle with 

highe walles enbatailed (ffile,) R. R. 136; 

whan that he was embatailed Gow. I. 221. 
enbaumen, v., (?./>. en-, embaumer; embalm^ 

anoint \ enbaumed (pret,) Langl. BxvW, 70. 
enbelise, v., O.Fr, embelir ; embellish, Gaw. 

1033. 
enbtoen, v., f baste {in cookery) : with jolkes 

of eiren enb6ne {imfier,) it L. c C 27 ; enbene 

hit wele withe )>i rijt honde 26. 
enbibing, pple., imbibing, Ch. C. t. (7 814. 
enblamicheiiy v., O.Fr, enblanchir; render 

white : enblatinohed {pple) with bele paroles 

Langl. -ff XV. 113. 
enblemischeiiy v., A.Fr, emblemiss-, emble- 

mir ; make ill, infect : 00 lepre left unheelid 

mai enblemissche mani folc WiCL. s. w. I. 

281. 
en-blowen, v., inspire*, enbldwid (^/f.) with 

the spirit of retorik WiCL. pref. ep. I. TJ, 
enbrdcen^ v., O.-Fr.embracier; embrace, P.L.S. 

XXV. 113. 
enbrdven, v., O.Fr, embrever; record*, en- 

br6ved {pple) A. R. 344. 
enbrdchOy v., 0,Fr, embrocher ; put on the 

spit, L. c C. 35 ; enbr6ohid {pret^ 34. 
enbrouden, v., embroider*, embrouded 

(pple.) Fer. 553; Ch. C. T..4 89; enbrouden 

QUAIR 152. 
enbU8Che,v., O.-Fr.enbuscher; lay in ambush, 

Man. (F.) 986; abUBohid (pple,) Will. 3633. 
enbnsohementy sb., ambushment, Halliw. 

333. 
enoensy sb., 0,Fr, encens ; incense, Ch. C, t. 

A 2277. 
encensen, v., O.Fr, encenser; incense*, en- 

sexuiede (prei.) LEG. 81. 
^noensery sb., O.Fr, encensier; censor*, 

enoenserea (fl,) WiCL. num. iv. 7 ; encen- 

sers EX. xxxvii. 16. 
enoentiy see ensenten. 
enohdcen, v., O.Fr, enchacier ; drive away : 

enchase P. R. L. P. 45 ; enoh^oede (pret,) 

Fer. ^9