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81NCE the notes which accompany the latest Ameri« 
can editions of the Anabasis were written, the following 
excellent editions have appeared in Gennany : 

1. Klihner's Anabasis, published in 1852, with a 
Latin Commentary, and with critical annotations on the 
text. Dr. Kiihner is well known to scholars in this 
country through his excellent Grammars of the Greek 
language, translated by Messrs. Edwards & Taylor, of 
Andover, Mass., and also through his Latin Grammar, 
translated by Professor Champlin, of Waterville College, 
Maine. His edition of the Anabasis exhibits the same 
critical scholarship and sound judgment as his other 

2. An edition by 'K. Matthiae, also published in 
1852, with German notes, and an appendix containing 
a Lexicon and Grammar adapted to the Anabasis. 

3. Several different editions by K. "W". Kriiger. Of 
these, the editor has in his possession the edition of 1845, 
which is an enlargement of the edition of 1830, the first 


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which was published with German notes : also the edi- 
tion of 1849, which contains a ddectua emeridaMonmn 
and a Greek-German Lexicon of the Anabasis ; tod 
lastly the edition of 1850, with numerous and yery val- 
uable grammatical notes in German. 

4. F. K. Hertlein's Anabasis. This belongs to the 
deservedly popular series of Greek and Latin authors 
with German notes, published by "Weidmann, in Leipsic. 
The grammatical notes, though not so numerous and 
full as those of Kriiger, are always to the point : and 
are indeed often so similar to- those of Kriiger, as to 
give some plausibility to the charge of plagiarism in 
this part of the work. Hertlein has also added in his 
2d edition, 1854, extensive geographical notes, taken 
by permission from the works of Kiepert. Thus we 
have in Hertlein's edition unquestionably the most com- 
plete and accurate geographical commentary, which 
has ever been published with a school edition of the 

While therefore in the preparation of this edition, 
the older helps in such a work have not been neglected, 
it has been the chief aim of the editor to embody as 
fully as possible the results of the most recent investi- 
gations bearing on this subject. Free use has conse- 
quently been made of the labors particularly of Kriiger 
and of Hertlein; while, at the same time, the fact has 
not been lost sight of, that the classical schools of this 
country are behind those of Germany, and that simpler 
and more elementary explanations are therefore often 


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necessary in a worK prepared for American schools. 
The geographical notes are almost exclusively transla- 
ted from Kiepert as cited by HeiHein. 

The grammatical references are to Kiihner's Greek 
Grammar, translated by Messrs. Edwards & Taylor, 
and published by Messrs. D. Appleton & Company, of 
New York. It was deemed superfluous in a school 
edition to make references to the grammatical works 
of Jelf, Buttmann, and Matihiae, which are at present 
seldom, if ever, used by the pupils in our schools : nor 
was it thought expedient to add references to Klihner's 
Elementary Greek Grammar, or to the excellent works 
of Champlin, Kendrick, Sophocles, Crosby, and Mc- 
dintock. The careftd learner who uses either of these 
grammars in preference to that of Kuhner will generally 
find by the aid of his index or table of contents the 
principle in "question. 

The text of this edition is intended to be an exact 
reprint of that of Hertlein. It will be perceived that 
pp appears without the usual breathings ; and also, that 
capital letters are used only for proper names or their 
derivatives, and to commence distinct paragraphs (not 
single sentences). This is in conformity with the 
series of "Weidmann and of Teubner. A table, exhib- 
iting the passages in which Hertlein varies from L. 
Dindorf 8 edition, published by Teubner in 1851, has 
been appended to the text. 

The editor cannot refrain from expressing in this 
connection, his high appreciation of the excellent edi- 


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tion of the Anabasis publislied in this country, in 1843, 
by Rev. Dr. J. J. Owen. This work has been constantly 
examined in connection with those above mentioned, 
and for the suggestions thence derived, as well as for 
many personal favors, the editor desires to express his 
grateful acknowledgments. 

UinyEBsrnr of Michigan, Ainx Abbob, June, 1856b 

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§ 1. Among the most distingoished of ancient autbors, 
whose works still present, after the lapse of more than two 
thousand years, an inexhaustible fountain of the noblest enjoy- 
ment and l^e richest instruction, Xsnophon, an Athenian, son 
of Gryllus, has justly acquired a conspicuous position. The 
year of his birth cannot with certainty be given ; and it would 
seem quite proper in a work of this kind to pass over the in- 
yestigation of this point, were there not in the Anabasis itself 
several passages which bear upon it. The third year of the 
82d Olympiad »= 450 B. C, is the date commonly assumed, 
having been inferred from the statement of Stesiclides, cited 
by Diogenes Laertius (II, 56), who places his death in the 
first year of the 105th Olympiad « 360 B. C, added to the 
statement of Lucian (in the MajcpoPioi cL 21), that he lived 
more than ninety years. But the statement of Stesiclides is 
more than doubtful, because in the Historia Graeca YI, 4, 36, 
the death of Alexander tyrant of Pherae is mentioned ; and 
this took place, according to Diodorus Siculus (XVI, 14), in 
the 4th year of the 105th Olympiad ; hence Xenophon must 
have lived several years after 360, B. 0. The passages in the 
Anabasis which bear on this question, are the following : — 1st, 

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in 3, 1, 14, and 25, He alludes to his age as tHoiigli be might 
appear too youthful to take the position of commander ; 2d, in 
3, 2, 37, Xenophon and Timasion are mentioned as the youngest 
generals ; 3d, in 6, 3, 1, all, who were more than forty years 
of age, are represented as taking ship, while Xenophon, with 
those who were younger, continues the march by land, and in 
7, 3, 46, he is spoken of as commander of those who had not 
yet passed the thirtieth year of their age ; 4th, in 7, 6, 34, it 
is implied that he had no children. All of these passages, 
however, fail to justify the assertion that Xenophon was scarcely 
more than 26 or 27 years of age at that time ; since, when 
generals were chosen by the popular vote, it was customary to 
elect only those who were men of experience, and somewhat 
advanced in years ; and, for this reason, the first two piassages 
above referred to, prove nothing decisive. Nor does the fact, 
that Proxenus was only about thirty years of age (Anab. 2, 6, 
20), Agias and Socrates about thirty-five (2, 6, 30), and Menon 
much younger (2, 6, 28), bear at all on this question ; because 
these generals were not chosen by their own soldiers. So also 
the two passages cited under the 3d head, prove nothing with 
certainty ; for the leader might be older than the men whom 
he commanded, inasmuch as he commonly went on horseback, 
and could thus more easily bear the fatigues of the march than 
the common soldier who must go on foot. The last passage 
above cited, presents nothing from which any positive conclu- 
sion can be drawn respecting the age of Xenophon. On the 
contrary, it is implied in 7, 2, 38, that he was of such an age 
that he might be supposed to have a marriageable daughter. 
Furthermore, Diogenes Laertius (II, 22), and Strabo (IX, 2, p. 
251, Tauchn.), relate that Xenophon was engaged in the battle 
of Delium (which occurred Olymp. LXXXIX, 1 = 424, B. C). 
Now as the Athenians did not perform military duty beyond 
the borders of Attica before the twentieth year of their age, 
KrOger * concludes that Xenophon may have been bom about 

*De XenophcntU vita. HaL Sax. 1822. 

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Olymp. LXXXTY, 1 =i 444, B. C, and consequently that he 
may have been about forty-four years of age at the time of the 
expedition into Upper Asia. 

Of Xenophon's youth we know little. It appears from 
Anab. 7, 8, 4, that he belonged to a family of considerable 
wealth ; and it cannot be doubted that he received a carefdl 
education. To the culture of his mind were doubtless added 
those gymnastic exercises which always constituted an impor- 
tant part of an Athenian education : he shows, at least in his 
own writings, a great fondness for horsemanship, and for the 
chase. On his spiritual development, no person exerted so 
great an influence as Socrates, to whom he has consecrated an 
offering of genuine love and admiration in his literary works. 
That he was also a hearer of the celebrated Sophist Prodicus, 
of Ceos, is related by Philostratus in the Lives of the Sophists, 
t, 12 ; from which passage it also appears that he spent some 
time in Bceotia as a prisoner. Here he appears to have con- 
tracted that friendship for Proxenus which exerted on the 
events of his subsequent life so marked an influence. 

Induced by Proxenus (Anab. 3, 1, 4), he repaired in the 
year 401, B. C. to Asia Minor, where he was introduced to 
the younger Cyrus, whom he accompanied in the expedition 
against Artaxerxes II. The principal motives which led him 
to follow Cyrus, were probably the desire of military renown, 
and the hope of increasing his fortune, which most likely had 
been greatly impaired, like that of many other Athenians, in 
the disasters attending and following the Peloponnesian war. 
These motives overcame the scruples which he at first experi- 
enced in view of the hostility of Cyrus towards Athens, and 
the consequent probability that he might incur the jealousy 
of his native city. 

After the battle of Cunaxa, and after most of the Grecian 
generals had been taken and executed by the treachery of the 
Persians, Xenophon was the first to animate the drooping 
spirits of the Greeks and from this time forth he was the soul 


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of every enterprise in the celebrated retreat of the ten thonsand. 
The remnant of these, after their return, were united with the 
troops of the Spartan Thibron (or Thimbron), to defend the 
Greek colonies in Asia Minor against the Persians. In the 
expedition under Thibron and his successor Dercylidas, Xeno- 
phon appears also to have taken part; perhaps as leader of the 
Kvp€LOf. {ct 3, 2, 17). It is at least certain that he accom- 
panied Agedilaus, first in his military operations against the 
Persians in the year 396, B. C, and afterwards in 394, B. C, 
in his march through Thrace and Thessaly to Boeotia ; and 
that in the battle of Coronea he fought on the side of the 
Lacedaemonians against his own fellow-citizens. This pro- 
ceeding, which has been severely censured by some modem 
scholars, especially by Niebuhr, will be viewed in a much 
milder light when all of the circumstances as well as the pre- 
vailing opinions of the timie are taken into consideration. The 
Greeks, notwithstanding their subdivision into many States, 
considered themselves as united into one people by a common 
language and religion, as well as by similar customs and insti- 
tutions. Hence as a general rule those who were banished, 
did not hesitate to join in war with another State against 
their paternal city, under the idea that they were only con- 
tending for their own rights against a party which was hostile 
to themselves. The censure which has on this account fallen 
on Xenophon, belongs, therefore, not so much to him as to the 
age in which he lived. 

Xenophon was banished (probably soon affcer he passed 
over with the army from Europe into Asia, Anab. 7, 7, 67), 
for the reason that he had entered into the service of Cyrus, 
who, through the most active support given to the Lacedae- 
monians in the Peloponnesian war, had been the principal 
cause of that result which was so disastrous to Athens. The 
situation in which Xenophon was placed, fully explains, if it 
does not justify, his conduct. To this must be added the 
general admiration for the Spartan constitution, which culti* 


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iNTSODUonoir* ~ zm 

vated men at Athens then felt, owing to the corruption of 
the democracy, which admiration Xenoj^on participated ; 
and also that Mendship and respect for Agesilans, of which 
his writings a£ford abundant evidence. 

Through the influence of his friend Agesilaus, Xenophon 
received as a reward for his important services in the war, a 
valuable estate at Scillus, in that part of Elis which had been 
taken by Sparta. » Here, with a part of the spoils which were 
saved from the Persian expedition, he built and consecrated 
to Artemis that sanctuary which he so pleasantly describes in 
the Anab. 5, 3. Here in the enjoyment of rural quietude and 
leisure, such as a life of toil had fitted him to appreciate, he 
probably composed the greater part of his works. He was not 
however permitted to continue in the quiet possession of his 
estate. After the power of Sparta had been for ever broken 
in the battle of Leuctra (371, B. C), the Eleans regained 
possession of Scillus, and compelled Xenophon to abandon his 
residence. The last years of his life were spent at Corinth : 
nor did his recall from banishment, effected by the influence 
of Eubulus, induce him to return to Athens. He, however, 
sent thither his two sons Gryllus and Diodorus, to join the 
army which the Athenians furnished, for aid to the Lacedae- 
monians just before the battle of Mantinea. Gryllus fell in 
battle while bravely fighting ; and the Athenians claimed for 
him the honor of having mortally wounded the great Theban 
commander. Xenophon received the tidings of the death of 
Gryllus with the deepest sorrow ; yet he bore the affiction in a 
manner worthy of the greatest men of antiquity. The year 
of his death is no more certain than that of his birth. Still 
we may assume that it did not occur before Olymp. CVI, 
2 = 365, B. C, since it scarcely admits of a doubt that the 
small work wopot ^ Trepl irpoa-oBoyv was written after the Social 
war which lasted from Olymp. CV, 3, to CVI, 1. 
N § 2. Of the character of Xenophon, we are able to obtain a 
very complete view from his writings, especially from the 


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xnr iNTEODUonoN. 

Anabasis. His leading traits were a refined susceptibility for all 
that is noble and good, mildness of dispos#on, fondness for 
pleasantry united with a firmness and decision which were in- 
vincible even in the most trying situations, a heart formed for 
friendship, and a remarkable devotion to persons of distin- 
guished excellence ; which, while it proves his sympathies to 
have been generous, at the same time not unfrequently obscures 
the clearness of his vision as a historian. Notwithstanding his 
fondness for philosophical studies, the pious faith of his ances- 
tors lives in him undisturbed; — a fact which at first view 
appears surprising, but which is understood on the ground that 
Xenophon contemplated philosophy only in its bearings on real 
life, while from those more profound inquiries which Plato 
pursued, Xenophon stood almost entirely aloof 

^ 3. As an author, his practical nature leads him to treat 
principally of the events of his time, of the art of war, of polit- 
ical economy, and of the duties of the citizen in his relation to 
the state, as well as to the family. His writings therefore 
may be divided into historical, military, political, and philo- 
sophical. To his historical works belong the Anabasis, of 
which we shall have occasion to speak more fully below, and 
the Historia G-rsoca CEXXiTviica), consisting of seven books 
which are a continuation of the work of Thucydides, and which 
contain a history of Greece from the twenty-first year of the 
Peloponnesian war down to the battle of Mantinea (from 410 
to 362, B. C.) ; and to the same class of works belongs also the 
Agesilaus. The iTnropxucos is a military treatise on the duties 
of a leader of cavalry ; and to the same subject belongs also, for 
the most part, the tract Trepl ittttik^. So also in close connec- 
tion with these works, stands the Kwrjyeruco^, a treatise on 
hunting, the practice of which Xenophon considers an excellent 
school preparatory for war. His political writings comprise 
several smaller works; one on the Lacedaemonian State, 
another on the Athenian State (this latter, however, is prob- 
ably not the work of Xenophon), a treatise on revenues, and a 


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tract on the tyrant Hiero {AaK€Saifiovuau voXireCoj *k0rjivaifav 
iroKiTtCa, Ilopot § v€pl wpocoStiiv, l^v rj Tvpawoi). To his 
philosophical writings belong the Memoirs of Socrates, 'Atto- 
Hvqfiov€vfiaTa ^Kparov^j the Banquet (Sv/xTrocrtoy), the Oecono- 
micns {OlKavofwcQ9,)y and the Apology of Socrates (2<Dicparovs 
diroXoyia), which is perhaps supposititious. To all these various 
classes belongs the Kvpov iraiScui, a sort of didactic, historical 
romance, in which Xenophon sets forth his own ideal of an 
accomplished ruler in the person of the elder Cyrus. 

Most of Xenophon's writings are not less distinguished for 
their outwatd form, than for their valuable and important con- 
tents. Though his style is simple and unadorned (whence he 
has been called 6 di^eX^ koX icrxyo9 xapaKrrjp)^ yet it glides 
along in an easy and charming manner, for the most part in a 
uniform and quiet stream. Though he seldom rises above this 
simplicity to a more elevated diction, yet he is by no means 
wanting in oratorical impressiveness and convincing clearness. 
He uses metaphors and other rhetorical figures somewhat 
sparingly, but is nice and tasteful in the choice of words, 
without being over-anxious for variety of expression. Nor is 
he very thoughtful to give a periodic roundness to his entire 
sentences or great regularity to the several parts : on the con- 
trary he often passes in the midst of a sentence from one con- 
struction to another, after the manner of lively conversation : 
80 that in few of the better Greek authors does the anacoluthon 
occur so often. With such characteristics of style, so far re- 
moved firom all poetical coloring, it is the more surprising that 
he should so often employ single words, which, by other Attio 
writers, are used only in poetry. It would be injustice to 
Xenophon to suppose that this frequent use of poetic words 
arises from an effort to adorn his style ; since this would be as 
tasteless and inept, as if one should seek to adorn a simple 
garment with here and there a purple patch. It is much rather 
to be explamed on the ground of his protracted residence in 
foreign knds, and his intercourse with Greeks of various tribes 


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and dialects, especially with the Lacedssmonians, among whom 
words, which were merely poetic with the Athenians, may have 
been in common use ; and hence quite naturally adopted by 
Xenophon from his ordinary language into his writings. On 
account of this and some other peculiarities of style, the ancient 
grammarians did not reckon Xenophon among the pure Atti- 
cists. But the general estimate of his character as a writer, 
is clearly shown by the appellation, Attic Muse, or Attic Bee 
(names so often given him), and also by the judgment of Cicero 
and of Quintilian.* 

^ 4. To attempt any thing like a general estimate of the 
value and importance of Xenophon's entire works, would re- 
quire too much space ; we cannot, however, in this introduction 
to a historical work, neglect to present very briefly some of the 
most important points relating to his character as a historian ; 
and in this view not simply the Anabasis requires considera- 
tion, but also especially the Hellenica. This work, although 
of the highest value, and in certain parts admirable, is on the 
whole the least finished of Xenophon's more extended writings, 
being as it would seem not so much a finished work, as a rough 
sketch, in which the author aimed less to present a full historic 
development, than to set forth particular points of interest to 
himself *•**•• 

^ 6. The Anabasis on the contrary, unquestionably the 
most attractive of Xenophon's writings, resembles a landscape 
in full sunlight. Every thing lies bright and open before our 
eyes : nothing stands in the shade, so as to give greater prom- 
inence to other objects : every thing appears in its proper 

* Cic Orat § 82, {Xenophontiti) aermo est ille guidem melie dtdciar ; and 
§ 62. XenophantU voce Musm gttoH loeutMferunt — Quintilian X, 1, 82. 
Quid ego eommemorem Xenophontia iUam jttcunditatem inaffeetatam, %ed 
quam nulla eontegyti affectatio potsit f ut ip$ae aermonemfinxme Oratiae 
videantur, et, qtiod de Peride veteria comaediae testimonitim eatf in hune 
tranrferri juatiuime poaait, in loibria ejtu aediaae quandam perauadendi 


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stature afid coloring : nothing is exaggerated, nothing is pre- 
sented in too brilliant hues. The most remarkable events are 
described with the same ease and freedom as the most conmion- 
place. • • • • • Aside from these excellencies, the 

Anabasis is important also on this acconnt, because it presents 
a new step in the historic art, in which the author writes the 
history of his own deeds. This is at least the case from the 
beginning of the third book, where Xenophon for the first time 
becomes conspicuous. Furthermore, we have in this work the 
most important information respecting the contemporary con- 
dition of Greece, as well as of the Persian empire. The 
knowledge of still other countries and nations was also very 
greatly promoted by the Anabasis, since the author communi- 
cates the most valuable information respecting regions which 
till then were scarcely known by name, and -which even at a 
later period were not accurately described. Finally it is a 
most important work for the study of the Grecian military 
system. In every thing relating to this subject, the author 
diows the highest intelligence. •••••• Much, 

however, especially in the beginning of the work, which the 
reader would fein know, and which is of importance, as well 
as much which is actually communicated, is passed over too 
lightly ; and hence, as a mere historical work, the Anabasis 
cannot be compared with the great artistic productions of Thu- 
eydides, Sallust and Tacitus. 

^ 6. The author of the Anabasis always speaks as though 
he had not himself attended the march, but as though he had 
received his information from another. Thus he says in 1, 8, 
6, XeycTcu; 1, 8, 18, Xeyovcri Scrtvcs; 1, 10, 1, cXeyovro: 6, 4, 
B4, ikeyov 61 arpaTeva'dfjLevoL, Only in the supposititious pas- 
sage 7, 8, 25, do we find the first person iwi^kOofxev. For this 
reason and also from the statement in Hellen. 3, 1, 2, where 
the following passage occurs : 'Os /jl€v ow Kvpos orpaTevfjLd t€ 
(TUFcXe^c Kill TOVT ^(DV avi^Tj hrl rov dSeX^v, koI ws y P-dyiri 
irfiveroy k6X m airidave, koI a)s Ik tovtov aireo'dtOrja'av oi TEXXi/vcs 


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XTin nmtoDUonoK. 

im &aXarrav, ©c/uoroyo/ct t^ Svpcucoo-ug) y^paTrrat, some per* 
sons liaye formerly denied that Xenophon was the author of 
the Anabasis. In opposition to this yiew^ we are to consider 
the exact correspondence of the Anabasis with the other ac- 
knowledged writings of Xenophon, not simply in language, but 
also in their entire spirit, — ^in religions views, in fondness for 
military tactics, for horses and for the chase, as well as a great 
variety of particulars which cannot be enumerated here. In 
a word, the unprejudiced reader cannot entertain a doubt that 
Xenophon only could have written in the way in which the 
Anabasis is actually written.* Furthermore, the testimony 
of antiquity is undivided that Xenophon was the author of the 
Anabasis. How then are we to explain the fact that, in the 
passage of the Hellenica above cited, Xenophon should refer 
not to his own work, but to that of Themistogene& It cannot 
be said in reply that the Hellenica was written before the Ana- 
basis, and on this account he was unable to refer to his own 
work on this subject : for although it cannot with certainty be 
determined in what year the Anabasis actually was written, 
yet it is quite certain that it was completed earlier tlian the 
Hellenica. The latter was not finished before Olymp. CY. 
43B 357, B. C. (cf. §1, above) ; while the Anabasis must have 
been written before the recovery of Soillus by the Eleans, that 
is before Olymp. CII, 2 =3713. C, otherwise some allusion 
would doubtless have been made in 5, 3, to the loss of his es- 
tate, f Doubtless the true key to the difficulty is furnished 
by Plutarch, who says that Xenophon published the Anabasis 
under the name of Themistogenes, to render it more credible. 

* The inyestigation is carried out in a complete and exact manner ia 
the tract hj C. W. ErQger, do anihentia et integritate Anabaseos Xdno- 
phonteac. Halls. Sax. 1824. 

t That the composition of the Anab. is to be dated at least 18 or 20 
years after the return of Xenophon, appears evident, irrespectiTe of other 
indications, firom the fact that la describing his residence at Scillus, 5, 3^ 
10, he speaks of sons that were already grown up, while in 7, 6, 84, ho 
implies that he still had no children. 


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(Mor. p. 345. e.). Perhaps also he wished to aroid giying 
offence to certain Spartans of distinction, whose conduct he 
does not approve of. c£ 7, 1, 2, & 7, 2, 6, where he speaks 
of Anazibios ; also 7, 2, 7 & 12, et seqq., where he spealu of 

^7. If we inquire after the sources whence X^ophon drew 
the materials for the Anabasis, we shall find the first and most 
important to have been his own personal recollections, or 
ratiier his own journal: for it is necessary to assume the ex- 
istence of such a journal as the foundation of the work, rince 
no memory would have been adequate to retain so many par- 
ticulars, the geographical and statistical notices, especially the 
many numerical statements and other things of the kind.* In 
the present form of the work, we may imagine that the discur- 
sire and irregular character of the original journal is still 
perceptible. Whether Xenophon res<»rted to other sources of 
information, can, with a single exception, neither be affirmed 
nor denied. True, another accoont of the expedition by 
Sophaenetus (without doubt the general of this name often 
mentioned by Xenophon), is said to have been written; and 
from this, the historian Ephorus, and from him again Diodo- 
rus seem to have taken their representation. It is remarkable 
that in the narratiye of Sophaenetus, the name of Xenophon 
first appears in connection with the difficulties in Thrace. 
From a companson of Diodorus with Xenophon, there is no 

* This journal miist certiuiilj have contained the distances between the 
places, or at least the nnmber of marches and some indication whether 
they were longer or shorter. (The nomher of parasangs is often too great, 
as in 1, 2, 5, being giren on the assomption that five is an ordinary day's 
maich.) This journal most haye contained also some geographical no- 
tices, the correctness of which has been generally confirmed by modem 
researches. It cannot however have been yery full, since mistakes occur 
even near the beginning of the work (cf. note 1, 2, 23.) The journal' 
leems also to terminate on the arrival of the Greeks near the country of 
the Cazdnehians. The march through Armenia and thence homeward, 
St almost entirely described from memory. (Eiepert.) 


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evidence that the latter had the work of Sophaenetus before 
him. In a single passage (1, 8, 26), Xenophon refers to 
Ctesias. This man, a Greek from Cnidus in Caria, resided a 
long time at the Persian court as royal physician, and after 
his retnm home in 399 B. 0. wrote a work consisting of 
twenty-three books, entitled Hcpo-tKo, of which nwc now have 
only the extracts in Photius and certain fragments. 

^ 8. The scene of the events described in the Anabasis ia 
for the most part the Persian empire. Darius II, the ninth 
king since the founding of the empire by Cyrus, died in the 
year 404 B. C. He was succeeded by his eldest son Arsakes, 
under the name Artaxerxes (i. e. according to Herod, 6, 98, 
/Acyos ap^fcos, great warrior). His younger brother Ojrus 
claimed however to be the rightful heir to the throne, because 
Arsakes was bom while Darius was still in private life, and 
because he himself was the first-bom after Darius became 
king. Cyrus and his mother Parysatis (i. e. child of a Peri, 
Fairy-child), by whom he was supported in his claims, were 
able to appeal to the example of Xerxes, who was preferred to 
hb older brothers because they were bom before their father 
Darius Hystaspis ascended the throne. Well might Cyrus 
with the consciousness of his right and of his own kingly qual- 
ities, cherish the thought of gaining the ascendancy. This 
thought first became a purpose, when Tissaphemes, satrap of 
Caria, although he had been treated in a friewUy manner by 
Cyrus, accused him of plotting against the king, so that Cyrus 
was apprehended, and was rescued from death only by the 
entreaties of his mother. After this occurrence, immediately 
on his return to Asia Minor, he commenced the preparations 
for carrying his purpose into execution. He had been first 
sent to Asia Minor by his father in the year 407 B. C. having 
the rank of Karanos or commander in chief of all the royal 
forces which were stationed between the riveiT Halys and the 
JSgean sea. While occupying this position, he had actively 
supported the Spartans against the Athenians, perhaps with 


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the idea of securing the support of Sparta at some fdtnre day 
in carrying out his own plans. Accordingly on his return to 
Asia Minor, he commenced negotiations with the Lacedae- 
monians (Hellen. 3, 1, 1,). With their customary prudence, 
however, they were unwilling to engage in open hostilities 
with Persia, and confined themselves to such secret assistance 
as they were able to afford to Cyrus, permitting him to enlist 
troops in Greece. He now took into his service various 
Greek adventurers, who enlisted toops under different pre- 
tences. The most important of these persons was Clearchus 
the Spartan, who, on account of open opposition to the govern- 
ment at home, had been condemned to death. It seems, how- 
ever, that this reception of Clearchus was not an offence to 
Sparta, for Cyrus would have been extremely careful on this 
point; and that Clearchus even after his condemnation enjoyed 
in some degree the confidence of the Spartan magistrates. (Cf. 
Isoc. 8, 98, and 12, 104.). The number of Grecian mercenaries, 
when Cyrus commenced his march, amounted to 14,000, a 
small force compared with the myriads of soldiers under the 
Persian king, but in view of their bravery and military skill, 
a formidable enemy. The march commenced from Sardis in 
the spring of 401 B. C. If we assume with Koch (der Zug 
der Zehntausend S. 140) the 9th of March to have been the 
day on which they set out, the battle of Cunaxa would fall on 
the 3d of Sept. 401 B. C, and the arrival of the army in 
Cotyora on the 3d of April, 400 B. C. It is probable that the 
army was in Thrace with Seuthes in December, 400, and Jan- 
uary, 399 B. C, and that the union of the forces with those 
of Thibron at Pergamus took place in February, 399 B. C. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

u.h^' tm'j^i^^ tijx iJ^i^-^. 





'"^f^-v 'tit -2 ^-■■•' - />^TO "/ 


Digiti byGoOglel 



AapeLov teal IIapv(rdriZo^ ^irfvomai TratSe? S^« 1 
'rrpea-^vrepo^; fiev ^ Afyra^ep^rf*;, veanepo^ Sk Kvpo^. 
iirel Sk 7J<r6iv€^ Aapelty; teal xnroynTeve reXevrffV rov 
jSlotf, ifiovXero ro) TrcuSe dfJuf)OTip<& frapeipai. 6 fihf 2 
otv wpea-^vrepof; irapoav h'v^')(ave' Kdpop Bk fieror 
irefj/irerai, dwo t% apX^9, ^5^ avrov aaTpdirriv iTrolija-e, 
KoX OTpwrrfyov he avrov dirihev^e irdintov, ocoi, efc 
KaoT&kov TreSiov dOpol^ovra^. dvafiaivu oZv 6 Kv- 
po^ Xafia)V Tca-a-a^ipvrjv c&9 <f}tXov, koI t&v ^EWi]wav 
Si expDV OTrXlra^ dve^rj TpiaKO<rlov<;, apxovra Sk avr&v 
Sevlav Uappdaiov, iirel he ireT^VTrja-e Aapeio^, xal 3 
Karearrrf el<$ rffv fiaaCKelav *ApTa^ep^<i, Tca'<ra<f)eppr)^ 
Sia/Sd'KKev rov Kvpop irpo<; rov dSe'\xf)6v, c&9 hn^ov- 
Tsjevoi, avT^. 6 Sk irelOeral re xal avWafi^dvec Kvpop 
C09 diroKTev&v f) hk M'^Vp i^aiTfja-afiivi] avrov diro- 
irefiirei irdXiv cttI rijv dpyrjv. 6 S' ©9 dTnjXOe klv- 4 
hwevaa^ Kal drifiaa-Oek, ^ovXeierat, oirco^ fi^irore en 
earai iirl r^ dSeXcfyS, dW\ rjv hivrjrat, ^aaCKeva-ei, 
dvr i/ceivov. IIapvaari<; fiev Srj ^ P'V'^VP ^^PX^ '^V 
Kvp(p, (f)iXov<ra avrip jjloXKov rj rov ^a^aiKevovra *Ap' 
ra^ep^v. o<rrc<: h* d^VKvelro r&v irapd fiaaCKi&s 5 
7rpo9 avrov, Trdvra^ oUro) BiartBeU direirifiTrero, &(rre 


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2 xenophon's anabasis. 

aifT^ fiaXKov <ptkov^ etvai ^ fiaaCKel, teal r&v irap 
iavT^ Bk fiapfidpoDV eirefiekelro w iroKefieiv re Ixavol 

6 eXf^aav kclI evvolxm expiev avr^, rfjv Sk 'EXKrp/CK7)v 
Svpafiiv i^Opov^ev w fiaXioTa iSvvaro iTTiKpirnTOfjuevo^, 
OTTG)^ Src airapaaKevorarov "Kd^ov ficunXia. c&Se oiv 
eiromro ttjv avXKoyi^v. oTToaa^ eZ;^€ <l>vXcuect^ hf raSfi 
iro\£<rtf irapqyryeCKe to69 <]>povpdpxpi<; €/cd<JT0C9 Tuififidr 
vecv avhpa^ neKoTrowrio-iov*; Sri 7r\€[<rrov<$ /cat jSeXTt- 
crrov^, CB9 iinfiovKevovro^: Ti^aa^epvov^ raZ^ TroT^ai. 
Kal yhp fiaav ai ^IodvckoI ttoXc*? Ti<ra-a(j>ipvov^ rb 
apx^uoVf €K PaaCKA(o^ iehopAvai, Tore 8' d(f)€<m]Kea'av 

7 9rpo9 Kvpov iraa-ac ttXtjv Miki^rov. iv MiXi]Tip Sk 
Turaa^pPfj^ irpoaurOofievo^ ret ainh ravra fiovXevo- 
fievov9, aTTOoTrjpat 7rpo<; Kvpov, Toif<: fikv avr&v diri- 
iCT€iP€, T0U9 S' e^efidXev. 6 hk Kvpo<; viroXxifiwv tou9 
f^exTfovra^, avXKk^a^ arpdrevfia eirdkLopKet MlXrirov 
kclI icard yijv ical Kara ^dXarrav, Kal eireiparo Kara- 
yeiv Touy iKTreirrayKora^:. Kal avrrj ab oKKt) irp6j>a^L^ 

8 fjv avr£ rod dOpol^eiv (frpdrevfia, 7rpo9 Bk ^aa-iKea 
TrifiiroDv fi^l^v aZeh^of; iiv avrov SoOrjvai ot ravra<i rct9 
7r6X€*9 fidXKov rj Tva-a-a^ipvrjv apx^iv avr&v, Kal tj 
fi'^rrjp crvven-parrev avr& ravra' &(rre ^aa-CKev^ rrj^ 
fih/ 7r/oo9 iavrov iiri^ovXi]^ ovk ^paOdvero, Ti(T<Ta^ipv€i 
Bk iv6fiv^€ irdXe/iovvra avrov dfi(f>l rh crrparevfidra 
Bawavav • &<rr€ ovBev ^0ero avr&v iroXefiovvrtov. koX 
yhp 6 Kvpo<i dir&irepme rov^ yiyvofiivov<; Baa-fMoif^ ^aai,- 
"Kel CK r&v itoKetov &v Tta-a-a^epvrj^ irvy^avev e^ayv. 

9 aXXo Bk arpdrevfia avr^ a-i/veXiyero iv Xeppovqatp 
ry Karavrtiripa^ ^A/3vBov rovBe rbv rpowov. KXiap)(p<: 
AaKeBaifiovio^ ^V7^9 ^v rovrtp avyyevofievo^ 6 Kvpo^ 
rjyda-Of] re avrov Kal BlBaxriv avnp fivplov<: BapeiKov^. 
6 Bk Tsjafioav ro 'xpvaiov arpdrevfui awiXe^ev aTTo rov- 
rcov r&v xPVH^t^v> '^^ eiroXifiec ck Xeppovqaov op/juih 
fA€V09 T0I9 Opc^l T0J9 inrep ^EXXtitrirovrov olKovan, koX 


by Google 

BOOK I. CHAP. L — ^n. 8 

&^>iK6i Toif^ ^EKKfjiva^* &crr€ xal xP^f^^'''^ ovpefidKr 
"KovTo avT^ ek rrjv rpoKJy^v t&p arparuayr&v ai 'JSXXi;- 
(nrovTUiKal iroKei,^ eKovaai. tovto B* ai ovra> Tp€<l>6- 
fievov iXdvOavev avT& to oTpdrevfia. *Apummro^ Bh 10 
6 OerraKb^ f €z/09 &v irvYXfl^^v airr^, xaX 'jrie^ofievo^ 
irrro r&v oIkoc avrurrao'icrr&v ip^ercu 'jrpb^ rov Kvpov, 
seal alrel avrov eU Bctrx/Xlov^ ^ipov^ xal rpi&v fi/ipf&p 
fiiaBov, C09 oi5tg> Trepi/yepofievof; &v r&v avTurraaum&v. 
6 Bk Kvpo^ BiBaxnv avrcS ek rerpoKurxpUov^ tcaX If 
p/qv&v fiiadov, Kal Beirai avrov fitf wpoaBev KaroCKvaaA 
7rpo9 T0U9 avTurraauiyra<; irplv &v avr^ ovfifiovXewnf- 
rat. ovTto Bh ai ro iv OerraXia iXdvOavev avr^ 
Tpe<l>6p>€Pov crrpdrevfia, IIp6^€Pov Bk rov Bouiniov 11 
fej/ov Svra avr^ eKckevae XajSovra avBpa^ ore irXjelr 
crrov^ 'traparfeviada^i a>9 eU ITwr/8a9 ^ovX6fi€PO^ arpor 
Tevetrdac, ay; Trpdryfjbara irapexpintov r&v HurtZ&v ry 
eavrov X^P^* So^Ktlverov Be rov Srvfi^>d)uov Kal 
So>Kpdrr)v rov ^Ax^^ov, ^kvov^ ovra^ tcaX rovrov^, i/ei' 
Xevcev avBpa^ Xa^ovras ikdelv ore irXeUrrov^, co9 
TToXefjuj^aoyv Ttaaa^pvev aifv to?9 ff>vydac r&v MtXtf- 
<tUov. KciX hrolow ovrto^ oirot. 

'Eirel S' iBoKCC rjBrf iropeveaOaA, avr& avto, rijv fikv 2 
irpSffxunv hroielro c»9 IIurlBa^ /3ov\o/i€i/o9 i/cfiaXelv 
'Travrd'Traa-cv ix t^9 x^P^' '^^ oBpoi^ei, &<; iirl rov- 
rov^ ro T€ ^ap^apiKov Kal rb 'EXKtjvckov ivravda 
arpdrevfia • Kal TraparfyiXKei r^ re KXedpx<p XafiojrrL 
^K€iv oaov fjv avr^ arpdrevfia, Kal r^ ^Apvarhnr(p 
awaXKaryivrv irpo^ tou9 oIkoc aTTOTrifiy^ui irpo^ eavrov 
8 €Z%€ crrpdrevfia, Kal Bevla rtp *ApKd£i, 89 avr^ 
Trpoecm^Kec rov iv TaZ9 TroXeac ^evcKov, rjKecv iraparf- 
^eKKei, Xa^ovra tou9 dvBpa^ irXf^v oiroaov IkovoI fjaav 
T^ aKpoTToKei^ i^vKdrrevv. eKoKeae Bk Kal rov<; 3 
MiKifrov TToXiopKovvra^, Kal roi<; <j)vyd£a<; €Ki\£V<re 
crirv avr^ arpareveadav, {nro<rx6fi€Vo<$ avroh, el koKA^: 


by Google 

xenofhon'b anabasis. 

scarawpd^vev iff> & ioTparevero, /jl)j irpoadev iravaor 
<t6(u, irplv avToif^ Kararfor/oi, oliedBe. oi Sk ^8i(k>9 ^Tre^ 
0OVTO • iirtarevov yctp avr^ • kcu \aj36vT€9 rh oTrKa 

3 irapTJa-ap ek Xdphev^. *8t€vlas fih hi} tov9 eK r&v 
TToXeav 'Kafia>v irapeyhfero ek SapBei^:, oirXlra^ eh 
TerpaKi(r^i\lov9 * IIp6^€vo<; Bk iraprjv Ix©!/ oTrXlra^ 
uh ek wePTaKoa-lov^; teal x^Xibv?, yvjjiv^a<; Se irevror 
Koalov^, So<l>aLV€TO^ 8k 6 Srv/ufxiXco^ oirXlra^ hc^^ 
XCXlov^i ScoKpdrrf^ Bk 6 ^Ax^to^ oirTura^ ^f^v ^ irev- 
TOKoa-iov^, HcufUov Bk 6 Meyapei)^ TpuiKociov^ fiev 
OTfKiraf;, rpuucoa-lot^ Bk TreKTCurrci^ <hO^^ 'irapeyevero* 
TjV Bk Kal 0VT09 Kal 6 So}KpdTrj<i r&v afjuf>l MCXrjTOv 

4 arparevofikvwv. oxfTOi, fieu ek SdpBet,^ curr^ cufyiKovrOm 
TKTiTfufiipvrj^ Bh Karavoria'a^ ravra, seal fiel^opa ffpiad- 
fievof; elvai fj co9 hrl Ilia-iBa^ r^v irapaa-K€Vi]v, iropexh 
erav m ^aaCKka i} iBvvaro Td')(yrra, linria^ ^o^v <»9 

5 iranaKO(rU}v<$* teal ^aaCkevf; fihf Bi], iirel i^KOva-e iraph 
Tura-a^pvov^; rbv Kvpov aroKov, dvrcTrapea-Kevd^ero. 

Kvpo9 Bk i^cav o{^ etprf/ca &pfiaro diro SdpBetov 
Kal i^eXavvei Bi^ rrj^ AvB(a<; <rra0fioif<: Tpek, irapor 
(Tarf^wi eXxoa-c koX Bvo, iirl tov MaiavBpov irora/iov. 
TOVTOV TO 6t^po9 Bvo irKidpa* yi(f)Vpa Bk iirijv i^evyfiivrf 

6 9r\otb^9 eirrd. tovtov Biafih^ i^eKavvei, Bih ^pvyla^ 
araO/JLov Ipa, irapcurdrffw; dfcrai, eh KoKoaad^, 'rrokiv 
olKOVfiivrjv, evBalfiova Kal fi€yd\7)v. evravda efievvev 
flliepa^i eirrd* Km fJKe Mivwv 6 OerraXo^, ofrXlra/: 
e)((u>v x^Xibv? KoX TreXTo^TTct^: ireinaKocrlov^, AoSoira^ 

7 KcH Alviavas kcu *O\up0iov<;. ivrevOev i^eXavvei <rra- 
0/jLoif^ Tpeh, m-apaadrf^a^ eiKoacv, eh KeKatva^, rry; 
^pvyla<; itoKlv olKovfjUvrjv, fjueydKrjv Kal evBalfiova, 
hnavda Kvp<p fiaaCkeia fjv Kal irapdZeiaro^ fieyas, 
dryplayv ^pUov ir\i]pr)^, & eKeu/o<; eOiqpevev diro Xmrov, 
6ir6re yvfivdaa^ fiovKoiTo eavrSv re Kal Toi><; JWov?. 
Bih fUa-ov Bk TOV irapaZeUrov pel 6 MaiavBpov irora^s* 


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BOOK I. CHAP. n. 6 

ai Sk injyal avrov eUriv i/e r&v ficurCKeltov* pel Sk koX 
Si^ Trj<i KeKaw&v 7roX€a>9. €<m, Si koI /leydXav ^aatr 8 
Xici)9 fiaaCXeta ev KeKouvai^ ipvfiva iirl rai^ Tnyyof? 
Tov Mapavov Trorafiov inrh r^ oKpoiroTsjei, • pel hi koX 
oxno^ Sect rr^ TroXeto^ koX ififidKXec ek tov Malavipov* 
TOV hi Mapaiov to €Sp6<; iartv elKoac seal irhrre tto- 
S&v, ivTavOa Xeyerot ^Ajr6'KKja)v iKhelpat MapavaVi 
vvKija-a^ ipl^omd oi wepl a'o<^iwi, koI to hepfui Kpefui- 
aav €v To5 dvTpq>, oOiEi/ ai irrffaL* Std Si tovto 6 ttotot 
/A09 KoXuTai, Mapava^, hnavOa Bip^<;, otc ix r^ 9 
'JEJ\XaSo9 '^TTffOeh t§ P^Xti dTre)(o>pev, Xiyerat oIko- 
hofirja-ai, Taxhd T€ tA fiaa-CXeia koI t^jv KeKcuv&v 
aKpinroluv. hnavOa e/ieive Kvpo<: fipMpa^ TptdxovTa* 
xal fJK€ EXiap^o^ 6 AaK€Scufi6vio<;, <f>vyd^, ^<ov 
OTrXira^ 'XCKlov^ koL ireXTOOTc^ Opaxof; ofCTCueoa-iov^ 
zeal Tof ora? KprjTa<; hiaKoaloij^. afia Si teal Soxrut^ 
irapriv 6 SvpoKoaio^ e^cay oTrXtra? Tput/coa-lov^ koX 
So^alv€TO<; 6 *ApKii,^ hc^^ oifKiTa^ ;^^\/bv9. Kal iv- 
TavOa Kvpo<; i^eToavv kclL dpvdfiov t&v 'EXKi^vcov 
eiroiriaev iv Ttp 7rapa£ei<rip, Kal iyivovTO oi avfiiravTe^ 
oirTuTac fiiv fivpvoi Kal 'x^iXtoi, TreKTaoTal Si dfi<f>l 
T0U9 Sc(r)(jL\lov^. ivT€v0€V i^cXavvci araOfiov^ Svo, 10 
'n-apa^drfya^ SiKa, eh HikTa^, ttoXvv olKOVfiivrjv, ev- 
Tavd^ efiewev ^fiipa^ Tpet^* iv ah Uevlat; 6 ^Apxct^ 
tA AvKata eOvae Kal wy&va eOrjKe' tcl Si d&\ja fjcav 
orKeyyiSe; ypvirai* idedpec Si tov dry&va Kal Kvpo^. 
ivrevOev i^eXavvec aTa0fiov<$ Svo, irapaadr/ya^ StoSeKa, 
eh Kepafi&v wyopdv, iroXiv olKOVfievqv, icrxdvrjv 7rpo9 
Ty Mvala x^P^' ivT€v0€p i^eKavvet aTa0fiov<; Tpeh, 11 
rrrapdadr/ya^ TptdKovTa, eh KaiaTpov ireSlov, irokiv 
olKovpAvriv. ivTavO* efieivev ripuipa^ irhrre* Kal Toh 
(rrpaTUOTac^ axfyetXeTO fiicOo^ irXeov ^ Tpv&v firjv&v, 
Kal iroXKdKL^ l6vTe<; iirl tA? ^vpa^ airyTOW. 6 Si eXr 
wlSa^ \ey6)j/ Strjye Kal Sfj7u)<; fjv dvia>fievo9* ov yhp Ijv 

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12 9rpo9 70V Kvpov rporrov (^xpina firi airo^fZovcu. hnavBct- 
wpucpeiTOd, ^Ewva^a ^ Sv€wi<no9 yi/vtf tov KCKUcfov 
ficunXio)^ Traph Kvpov koI i\iy€To Kvp<p Bovvcu 
')(p^fjLaTa TToXXa. t§ S' oiv crrpaTC^ t6t€ airihcoKe 
Kvpo^ fiKrOov T€TTdp(av fjuipf&v. €l')(e Bk fj KCKKraa xai 
^v\aKa<; irepl aMjv Ki7u/ca^ koI ^AcnreuBlov^* iKir/ero 

13 8k /cal avyyeviirdcu Kvpov t§ KjXunrp, ivrevOep Se 
i^eKavvei aTa0fiov<$ Bvo, irapaa-ofyya^ BiKa, €& 0vfjr 
fipiov, iroXtv olxovfjUvTjv' ivravOa fjv irapb, rrjv oBov 
KpTjinj fi MCBov KaT^vfihnf rov fpirf&v fia4riXici)<;, €^' 
^ "X&yerai, MCBm tov Sdrvpov STjpevacu olv<p Kepdcra^ 

'4 avTrjv. ivrevOev i^eKcbvvei, aroBjiov^ Bvo, irapaaarf- 
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€fi€tvev rifiipa^ rpek. koX Ti^ercu BerjOrjvcu ^ KCkuraa 
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iiriBei^cu i^eTcuri^v ttoicItcu ev t& ireBltp t&v ^EiKKi]v<ov 
-1 teal T&v fiapfidpojv. ixiXevae Bk Toif<$ '^EKKtjvos, a>9 
v6/io9 avToh eh M^X?J^> ovtod TayBrfvai /cal ar^vcu, 
ainrrd^cu Bk Ikootov Toin; iavrov, iTax^V^^ov oiv hrX 
T€TTdp(ov, elx'S Bk to fihf Be^iov Mhaov Kot oi ovv 
airr^, to Bk evcowfiov KXiapxo9 teal oi i/ceivov, to Bk 

U fiiaov oi oKXoi arpaTrjyoL iBeipev oiv o Kvpo^ irpSh- 
TOV fih/ T0U9 fiappdpov^* oi Bi iraprjkawov Terar^pAvoi, 
/caTct tXcu: ical xaT^ Td^ei^* elTa Bk Toif^ ^EKK7iv<k, 
Trap€hxivv(av i<l> dpfJuaTo^ koX tj KiKuraa i<f dpfuxr 
fid^<$. cl^ov Bk 7rdvT€<; Kpdvrj ;^a\«a icaX ;^*TG)i/a9 
<l>oiviKoy9 /cat /cvrjfiiBa^ /cal t^9 aawlBa^ iKK€/cdXvf4r 

l> iUva<;. hreiZi) Bk irdvTa^ iraprpijacre, arqca^ to apfia 
nrpo T^9 <pd7u!ir/yo<;, Trifiyjra^ IltyprjTa tov ip^rjvia 
wapct T0V9 CTTpaTrjyoif^ t&v 'EXK'^vaDV ixiXevae ' irpo' 
QdKkadav tA oirXu /caX iinx^pV^^^ oX/qv Tijv <f>d\arfya. 
oi Bk TavTa irpoehrov T0J9 arparuoTai^: • /cal iirel iadX- 
wuy^6f irpofiaKKofievoc tcL &ir\a hrrieaav. ix Bh TOih 
TOV ^OLTTOV TTpolovToyv avv /cpavy^ diro tov airrofidTov 


by Google 

BOOK I. OHAP. n. 7 

ZpOflO^ ^hf€TO T049 OTpaT*c4TCM9 M, tA? CKflPa/ip 

T&v Bk pappdpmv <f)6fio<; 7roXv9 teal a\Xot9 /cat ff re 18 
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avp f^eKant inrl rh^ aicqvb^ fi'Xdov, ij Bk KCKuraa 
iZovaa T^v Xafnrporrjra /cal rrfv rd^iv rov arpareih 
fiaro^ iOavfJLoae. Kvpo^ Bi rjadrj top ix r&v 'JSXXiyiwv 
eU T0U9 jSapfidpov^ ^fiov lSa>v. iprevdev i^Xaiipei 19 
aradfioxf^ rpeh, nrapaaArf^m Akociv, el^ *Ik6viov, rij^ 
^pvyia<$ iroTuv itrxdrfjv. hnavda ifieive rpeU ifpApa/^. 
ivreOffev i^\avv€i BtA rij^ AvKOovla^ araOfwit^ irhrre, 
7rapa<rarfYa<: rpvaKOvra. Tavrrjv ri)v x^P^^ iwirpe^ 
Butfnrdaai, rol^ ''EXXtjo'iv c&9 irdkefiiav oZaav. hnexh 20 
dev Kvpo<: rf^v KCktaaav ek t^v KOuKiav dmyirip/rrec 
rrfv raxyrrriv 6B6v, teal axwhreji'^^^v axny arparuina/; 
0(^9 Mevmv ei)(€ xal airrov. Kvpo^ Bk fierh r&v clKKoov 
i^eXmfvei, Bid Kainra£oKia<: oraOfLois riTrapa^, irapor 
aa/f^w; elKoa-c Kal irhrre, 7rpo<;jddvav,7r6\tv olicovfieinjv, 
fi€r/d\rjv Kal evBai/iova. hnavda ipsivav TipApa^ Tpet^: 
iv ^ Kvpo^ diriiereivep avBpa Hipariv M&^a^pvrjv, 
<l)OivuaoT7jv ^a^lXeioVf /cat erepov rcva r&v inrdpjaav 
BiJvdaT7)v, alTcaadfiepo^ ejnfiovXeveiv avrS. hnevOev 21 
hreip&vro elafidXKew eh Tr}v KjXiKlav ^ Bh eia^oKri 
Tjv 6S09 d/Jba^tTo<: opOla laxyp&9 teal dp/ri^avo^ elaekffsiv 
oTparevfiaTC, el Tt9 ixdikveu. iXeyero Bk /cal SvivP€<n^ 
elvcu iirl t&v aKpaop <j)v\dTT(»v t^v eiafioKriv' Bl^ h 
€fJL€iv€P ffpApav iv T(p ireBUp. ry S' varepaia fjxev arf- 
yeko^ Xeyct)!/, otv \€\o*7ro)9 elrj Sv€we<rc^ rd a/cpa, 
hrel yadero, on to Mevoovo^ oTpdTevfia ijBrf iv KOu- 
kUl fjv eXaoa t&v 6pea>v, /cal otc Tpti^pec^ ijKove irepir 
TrXeova-w; dir ^Ioi)via<$ ek KCKlkUlv Tafuav e^pvTa TA9 
AoKeBav/Jbovlwv xal avTOV Kvpov. Kvpo^ S' oSv dvifir} 22 
eirl Td SpTf ovBevb^i /ca>\vovTO<:, Kal elBe TA9 (TKvivd^, 
oi ol Ki\iKe$ i^vKaTTov. ivT€v0€v Be /caTifiatvev eh 

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ireilov yik^a koX koKov, iirlppuTov, koX 8ivSpci>v ircano* 
Saw&v <rvfi7r\ea)v koI afnriKcov, . iroKv Be koI arjaafiov 
seal fjbeXivrjv xal Kerfxpov koI irvpaif^ xal KptOb^ <f>€p€i. 
Spo<: S' avTO Treptix^i 6'xypov seal in^Xov iravrrj ck 

23 ^a7uiTT7f<: eh ^oKarrav. Karafia^ hk 8*A tovtov rou 
irehiov f{Ka<Te aTa0fiov<; Terrapa?, irapaaarffa^; irevre 
Kol etKoatv, ek Tapaov^, t^9 KlKlkIo/; iroKiv ^eyd\7}v 
Kal evBalfiova, ivravOa fjaav rk Xveweaio^ ^acrtkeia 
Tov KiXiKcov fiacrvKeax;' Bict fii<rrj<; Bk t^9 7r6X€ft)9 pel 

24 7roTa/A09 KvBvo^ ovofia, cC/oo? Bvo ir7\A0pa>v. ravnfjv 
rrjjV TToXiv e^ikiirov ol evotKovvre^ fiera Sv€Vpi<no<; eh 
ypDpiov oj^pbv eTrl ret opr} ttXtjv ol rh Kairrfkela e^xpv- 
T€9' efieivav Bk Kal ol irapa rrjv ^oKarrav oucovvre; 

25 ev S6\oi<; Kal ev 'lo-crofe. ^Eirva^a Be r) Sveweaio^ 
yvvT} irpoTepa Kvpov irevre fifiepa^ et9 Tapaovs o^l- 
Kero, ev Be tj} virep^oXp r&v op&v r&v eh to ireBlov 
Bvo Xo^oi TOV M€va)vo<$ aTpaTevfJUiTo<$ aTrc&Xoi/TO* ol 

' fiev e(f>a(rav apird^ovTos tl KaTaKOTnjvai vtto t&v KCKlr 
Kcov, 01 Bi vTToXei^OevTa*;, Kal ov BvvafiAvov^ evpeiv 
TO aXKo OTpaTevfia ovBk tA9 oBov^ ecTa TrTuivafievov^ 

26 airoXeaOat,' ^aav S' ovv ovroi eKorbv oTrXtra*. ol S* 
aXKot eirel ^kov, ttjv re iroXiv tou9 Tapaov^ BiijpTrar 
a-av, Bui, TOV okedpov t&v avarpaTicoT&v 6pyi,^6fievov, 
Kal Tct fiaatketa tA iv avTy. Kvpo<$ Be iirel eunf- 
Xaaev eh tt^v ttoXcv fierenrefiTreTo tov Sviweatv 7rpo9 
eavTov 6 S' oiJre irpoTepov ovBevi ttod KpetTTovi eavTOV 
eh xe2/>a9 ehBelv eifyrj ovre t6t€ Kvptp ikvai ^eKe, 

27 irplv {] yvvff airrbv eireiae Kal iriOTeh eXxxfie. fjbera 
Bk Tdvra iirel aweyevovTo dXKi]Xoc<;, Sveweac^ ^ev 
cBayKe Kvptp j(pijfiaTa iroXXk eh T'qv OTpaTidv, Kvpo<; 
Be eKelvfp B&pa, ct vofii^eTai irapa ^aaCKel TlfjLta, Xir- 
'TOV ^u<7o;^a\ti/oi/ Kal aTpewTov )(pvaovv Kal yjreXza 
Kal dKivaKTjv 'xpvaovv Kal otoXtjv UepatKfjqVi Kal t^v 
X^pO'V /JL7fK€Ti apTrd^eadai, tA Bk '^pTraa/iiva dvBpd- 
TToBa, ijv irov ivTvyxdvaxriv, diroXafL^dvecv. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


^Evravda Ifieipe Kvpo^ leaX ^ arpariib fnUpa^ fHKO- 3 
aiv hi yetp airpaTi&r(U ovk e^aaav leiHU roO irpSirci^* 
tnrmrrevov yitp ^Srj iirl fiaaiXia Uihu* fiurOmdTJvai Bk 
OVK iirl TOVTtp e^aaav. irpSnov Bk KXiofyxp^ roif^ 
avTov oTpaTUOTo^ ifiui^ero Upcu* oi Si avrov re ifidKr 
• \ov KoX rh inro^vyui rit iKcivov, iirel ijp^To irpoUiHU* 
Rkeofyxp^ ^^ '^^'^^ f^ H^fcphv i^k^v^e to aif scaror 2 
7r€Tpo>0rjvai* tarepov B*, iirel ^od, Sri ov Bvpijaertu 
fitda-aa-Ocu, avpifyarfev iKKkqaiav r&v avrov aTparuo- 
T&v Kol irp&Tov fJL€V iBcucpvc iroXifv 'XpSvov karm* 
oi Bk 6p&vT€<; iOav/Jui^ov koI iaimrfov' elra SKe^e 
TouiSe. "AvBpe^ arpari&rcu, firj l^avpA^ere, irt xcLKe- 3 
7ra)9 ^p<o T049 Trapova-i Trparyfuiaiv. ifiol yhp Kvpo^ 
f&09 iyhfero, koI fie ^etr/ovra ix T7j<; warpiBo^ rd re 
SXKa irlp/qo'e Kal fivplov^ eBiOKC BapeiKov^' oOv iyo) 
'Kaj3a>v OVK 6^9 to IBiov KaT€0€fj/rjv ifioC aXX ovBk Kadfi- 
BvirdBrja-a, dTOJ ek vfia<; eBairdimv. koX irpSnov fihfA 
hrl T0U9 8paKa<; iiroXep/ria-a ical \nrip rrj^ ^EKK£Bo^ 
iri/uopovfj/rjv fied* vfi&v, iK rrj^ Xeppovrfcrov avrovf; 
i^eKavvtav povXjopAvov<; cUfuupeia-dai roif^ ivovKovvra^ 
^EXkrpfo^ Tr)v yfjv, iireiB^ Bh Kvpo^ eKoKei, \a^a>v 
vfia^ iiropevofj/rjv, tva, el ri, Bioi/ro, axf>€Xoi7}v avrov 
avO^ &v eif eiraJdov \m iKelvov. iirel Be v/jL€t<; ov /Sou- 5 
XeaOe avprn'opevecOai, dvdyKi] Bij fioc fj vfid<; irpoBovra 
T§ Kvpov (f>i\la 'Xpr]o-0a4, ^ wpo^ eKelvov ^^eva-d/ievov 
fi€0^ vfi&v ihav. el fihf Bff BiKcua irotrjara) ovk olBa, 
aipri<Toiuu B^ oiv vfid^, Kal trvv vfiiv o,Tt &v Bkg irel- 
aofiac. Kal ovirore epel ovBek, co9 eyo) '^EW7jva<; aryor 
ya>v efe roif^ fiapfidpov^ irpoBoif^ Toi>^ "EXKrjva^ rijp 
T&v /3ap^dpa>v <f>i\lav etKofirfv, d\X hrel vpei<; i/iol 6 
oif ^eXere welOeaOac ovBe eireaOah iyca avv vjiiv h^o- 
fiai Kal o, Ti &v Berf irelaopxii,. vofil^(o yhp vpA^ ifiol 
elvat Kal irarplBa Kal ^tkov<$ koX trvp^p^d^ovSi koL avv 
vfuv phf &v olp>ai elvat, rifiio^, oirov &v &, vfi&v Bk 


Digitized by LaOOQlC 


epfffAO^ &P ovK &v iKcaio^ elvcu olfuu ovr Ap ff>Ckop 
m^XTJa-iu oxn &v ixdpov oKi^acrOac. C09 ifuw oSv 
lovTO^ OTTOL &v Koi vfieh, oiJrw rriv yva>fji/rjv I;^€T€. 

7 ravra ehrev oi hh o-rpaTmrac, 0% t€ avrov ixelvov 
K(u oi aXKoi, ravra aKovaavre^, on ov ^irj irapii 
^acrCKAa 'jropeveaOat, iTrpvea-av iraph Bk Ueviov koX 
nacrla)vo<: ir7^iov<; fj 8urx^^^^^ \aj36vT€<: rh oifKa Kal 
rh a'K€vo<l>6pa iarpaTOTreSeva-aPTO irapct KKedp^^. 

8 Kvpo^ Sk TOVTov^ airop&v re teal XuTrovfieVo^ /j^ereirifir- 
irero rbv RKeap^pv* 6 S^ Uvat, phf ovk ffdeke, \adpc^ 
hi r&v arparuor&v irijiwcov avr^ arfyeXop iKeye ^ap- 
pelv, C09 KaraoTTjo'OfJLivwv rovrtov eh rb Beov fierar- 
TrejiweaBax S' exeXevev avrov auT09 S' ovk iifyri Uvac. 

9 /lerct Bi ravra avvar/arfa>v tov9 ,J' eavrov- aTparuora*^ 
Kal roif^ irpofreKdovra/; avr& koX r&v vlXKmv rov /3ov- 
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fipArepa irpo^; eKelvov ovre yap ^fiei<; eKelvov en, err pa- 
n&rat, eTrei ye ov ovpeTrofieOa avrfp, ovre eKeTvo^ en 

10 7)iuv fJLca-doBorrj^. ore /livrov oBvKeiaOai vofil^et v<f) ^ 
riii&v oTZa' &(Tre koX iieraTrefiiropAvov avrov ovk eOiKca 
i\0etp, rb fihu fiiyurrov, alaxyvofievo^, 8n avvoiBa 
ifiavr^ irdvra iyfreva/jbevo^ avrov, eireira Kal BeBia>^ 
^ff Xafi(ov /JL€ BlKTfv errtdy &v vofii^ei inr i/iov rjS^KTf- 

11 (rOai. ifwl ohf Boxei ovx &p<^ elvai, fifilv KaOe^Beuf 
ovB* afieXeiv rifi&v avr&v, oKAA ^ovXeiea-dat 5, n j(PV 
irovelv iK rovrcov. Kal €a>9 re fievofiev avrov, iTKerrriov 
jjboi, BoKel etvac, &7ra)<; da<f}aXA<rrara /lepovfiev, et re 
iiSrj BoKel dinevaA,, 57ra)9 aa^xiKkarara airtfiev, koX 
oirtm^ rib iinn]Beui efo/tev apev yctp rovrcjv ovre 

12 OTparrjyov oiire ISuorov S<j)e\o^ ovBev. 6 S* Avrip 
TToKKov fihf a^LO^ <j)tko<; ^ &v <pt\o<; y, xf^XeTrdraros 
S' ix^pb^ 5 &v iroXifiio^ ^. e%€t Be Bvvafitv Kal ire^flf 
KoX imru^v Kal vavrucqv, fjv irdvref; ofiolto^ op&fiev re 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


KoX i7rc<rrdfi€0a* koI ^hp ovSi iroppto So/eovfUp /wi 
avTov Ka07j<r0(u* &<rr€ &pa T^eiv o, t* Tt9 yiyv<i<rKei 
aptcTTOV elpac. ravra ehroiv eiravaaro. i/e 8k tovtov 13 
• avUrravTO oi p,hf ix tov avTOfjLdrov, Xifoi/re? & iyiyvoh 
<TKOV, oi hk zeal \m iKeivov eytdKevoToc, iTnBeiKPvvre^, 
ola eirf r} airopla avev T179 Kvpov ypa)/j/ri<i /cal fiheiv 
KCLl d'jrUpcu. €?9 Bk B^ ehre, Trpoawocovfiepo^ airevheiv 14 
€&9 Ta^xyrra Tropeveo'dac eh rrjv 'EXKdBa, OTpaTTjyois 
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a-Kevd^ea-Oai,' ekdovrw; tk Kvpov alreiv ttKoui, <»9 
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p/rjSk rf^epova BiS^, awrdrreaffai rr)V raxi(rrfjv, iripr 
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<f}0d(ra><rL pijre Kvpo<; pijre oi KIXikc^ KorcCKa^ovres, 
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oirro^ pkv Bfj,roiavra elire' percb Bk rovrov K\eapj(p<i 
ehre roaovrov. */29 pkv arparrfyij<rovra ipk ravrrjv 15 
rrjv orparTfylav prjBeh vp&v T^^yiro) • iroXKeL yctp ivo- 
p&, Bif* & ipol rovro ov iroirjriov* C09 Bk rm dvBpl %v 
av ekrjaffe ireiaopai ^ Bwarov pdXcara, iva elBijre ori 
Kol apxco-Ocu eirUrrapLai, 0)9 t49 Ka\ aX\09 paKiara 
dvffpdlnrdpv. percb rovrov aXXo9 dveorrj, emBeticvxHi pkv 16 
rtfv evr^Oeiav rov rh TrXota alreiv Kekevovro^, Hairep 
TrdXcv rov <rr6\ov Kvpov pfj iroLovphfov, erriZeiKvif^ 
Bk ©9 e{n)6e<i etrj fjyepJiva alreiv irapci rovrov, ^ Xv- 
p^uvopeda riiv nrpa^iv, el Bk Kal r& fiyepAvi, Trcarev- 
aopev ^ &v Kvpo<; BiB^, rl KcoXvec Kal rh aKpa rfplv 
KeKeveiv Kvpov TTpoKardKap^dvetv ; iy^ ycbp okvoItjv 17 
pbkv &v ek rcL irXola ip^aiveiv & riplv Bolrj, pi) fipa^ 
airraid ralf; rpt'^peo'i Karadvarj, ^o/Solp/rjv S' &v r^ 
riyepovi^ & &v Bolri feudal, ptf '^pa^ drydrfri o0ev ovx 


by Google 


otov T€ SoTac i^eXJBelv, fiovXolfirjv S' &v ukovto^ am'ubm 
Kvpov \adelv avrov aTreKdmv h ov hvvarov iariv. 

18 aX>C irfa> (fyrffii ravra fiev (f)\vaplaf$ elvcu * BoKct Si fioi 
dvhpm ehJdovra^ Trpbs Kvpov otrti/e? eTrtriySetot airp 
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KoX ictv fih/ 17 TT/oaf t9 27 trapaTrXfjaia oiairep kcu irpO' 
aOev ixpV^o ^ofe ^€vot^, eirea-Oav koL r}fia<;, fcai /a^ 

19 Ka/ciov<; elvac t&v TrpocOep Tovnp auvava^dvT(ov ihv 
&k /lei^cov fi wpa^i^ 7^9 irpoaOev (fyaivryrai xal inrL" 
wovcoripa Kot iiruciviworepa, d^tovp fj ireUravra fijjMs 
ar/ecv rj ireurOevra irpo^ (f)iXlav d^iivcw ovro^ ydp 
Kal eTTo/ievoc &v (f)lXoc airrS tcaX irpoOvfioc iwoi^da 
Kal dinovTe^; d(r^'K&^ &v airioifiev o, tv S' &v irpo<: 
ravra Xeyrf, dirarfyeTKav Sevpo' riiias S* oKovaavra^ 

20 7r/oo9 ravra /SovXeveaOa^. eSo^e ravra, koX avSpas 
eKofievoi, <tvv KKedpx<p irifiirova-cv, ot ripdncnv Kvpov 
rk Bo^avra ry arparta, 6 S' direKplvaro, on clkovoi 
'AfipoKo/JLav, i'XJ^pbv avhpa, hrl r& Ev^pdrjf irorafi^ 
elvai, dirixovra BwSexa aradfiov^' 7rpb<$ rovrov oiv 
etfyi] ^ovKea-Oa^ ikOeiv k&v fiep y ixet, rrjv hlicqv €(fyjj 
XPV^^cp inridelvai avr&, rjv Sk (fyevyjj, fifuls itcelrrpb^ 

21 ravra /SovTi^vao/ieBa, aKOvaavre^ hk ravra ol alpero) 
dvar/yiXKova-v roh (rrparuorat,^" T0Z9 Zk imo^la fih 
fiVy or I, ayei 7rpo9 ^aaCXAa, ofio)^ Se iSoxet eirea-Oac^ 
irpoa-acrovai Bk fiiaOov 6 Bk Kvpo^ imi^xyclrad^ yfico- 
Xtop Trda-c Bdxretv oZ irporepov e^pov, dvrX Bapei/cod 
rpla Tifii^apeLKii rov fi7]v6^ r& arparuar^^ ort, Bk iirl 
^aaiXAa ar/ov ovBk ivravOa rjKOvaev ovBeh ev ye r^ 

4 *Evr€v0€v i^eXavvei crraOfJLoi^ Bvo, irapa^drfya^ 

Bhca, iirl rbv Wdpov irorafiov, ov. ^j» rb eipo^ rpla 
irkeOpa, ivrevdev i^eTuivvei aradjjibv Sva, irapaadr/ya^ 
wevre, iirl rbv Ilvpafiov 7rorafji6v, ov rb eZpo^ ardJBiov. 
ivrevdev i^eXavvet ara^fiovs Bvo, rrapaffdrfiOfi irevre* 


by Google 

. BOOK I. OHAF. IV. 18 

KOtSeKa, ek ^Ica-oth, rfj^ KOutcia^ itrxdrrjv 'n6\$v, 
iirl T§ J^Xdrrp olKovfihnfv, fieyiSXrpf xal evialfiovcu 
hnavda efieivav ^fiipa<; rpeh* koX Kvpq) iraprjcrcof al2 
i/c HeKoirowriaov vrje^ TpidKOvra Kol irkine koX iir 
avT(u<; vavapxo^ TlvOarfopof; AcueeSaifjL6vto<;, ff^elro S* 
avT&v TafjLoa^ Air/{hmo^ i^ *E<l>i<Tov, exfov vav^ eripa^ 
Kvpov ireirre koX eiKoatv, aU iiroKiopKei, MC\/i]tov, Sri 
Tcaacupipvec f^lXri ^v, koI aweirdXAfiei Kvptp irpb^ 
airrov. iraprjp Sh koI Xeipla-offx)^ AaKeh<ufi6vu»f: errl 3 
T&v V6&V, iierdirefiirro^ vtto Kvpov, eTrrcucoa-lov^ i^v 
ottKItw;, &v iarpaTijyec irapit Kvp^, ai Sk vrje^ Up- 
flow iraph rrjv Kvpov aKrjjVriv. ivravOa xal oi irap 
^A^poKoiui fii<T0o<j)6poc ^EWffve^ wjroardvres fpsJdov 
iraph Kvpov, TcrpaKoa-toc oirXirac, xal awefrrparevovro 
hrl ficuriXea, hnevdeu i^eXuvvei crraOfibv iva, irapor 4 
carf^a^ irime, errl TrvXa? riyi KtKiKia^ Kal t^ Svpla<;, 
ffaav hh Tavra Bvo Tel/yr}' koL to fiev eacodev rb irpo 
T^? KCKakUl^ Svh/v€<n^ eZ^^e xal KCKUodv (f)vXaKi^' to 
8^ e^G) TO irpo T^9 Svpla<$ ^aaCXAo)^ iXiyero <j)v\a/cff 
^\dTT€iv. Sict pAaov hh /5eZ tovtodv iroTafio^ Kdpao^ 
ovofia, €ipo<$ 7r7U0pov. dirav he to fiiaov t&v retp^wj; 
fjaav otoZloi, Tpel^* Kal irapekBelv ovk ffv ^{a* Tfv yap 
fi irdpoSo<; arevrj xal Tct Tel^V €t9 ttjv S^dXaTTav Kadrj- 
Kovra, vTTcpOev S' ^aav ireTpai fjkiPaTOL' iirl Sk Tot<s 
rel')(€at,v dfi<l>OT€poi<; i^ecoT'^Kea-av irvXac, Tavrrj^ 5 
evcKa T1J9 irapoBov Kvpo^ t^9 vav<; fieTei^eii'>^aTo, ottg)? 
OTrXiTa^ d7roficj3d<T€t€V cta-o) Kal e^o) t&v irvX&v, Kal 
fiuurdfievov tou9 iroXefilov^: TrapiXdoiev, el (jyvXaTTOiev 
eirl Ta?9 Svplat^ TrvKat<;, oirep mero iroc^aetv o Kvpo^ 
Tov ^A^poKOfjLav, exovTa TroXif aTpdrevfia. ^AjSpoKOfjLa^ 
Be ov TOVT iirolrja-ev, dXX cTrel ijKovae Kvpov iv KiXl- 
kIcl ovTa, dvacTTpeylra^ ex ^olvIkt)^ irapa jSaacXea dirrf- 
\awev, €'xa>v, 0)9 iXiyeTO, TptdKovTa fivpidBa<; aTpaTM,^. 
hnevdev e^eKavvei, hvh Svpia^ OTod/JLov eva, Trapacrdr/ya^ 6 


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14 xsnophon'b akababis. 

irivre, ek MvpiavBop, itSKiv oucovfUpriv inrb fowl- 
K(ov hrl ry ^cCK&Trri* ifiiripiov B* ^v to %a>/o/bi' teal 
&pfiow avTodi, 6\KdSe^ iroXKaL ivravd* e/ieivap 

7 fffjiApas eirrd' xal Uevuv: 6 ^Ap/cd^, arparrffosy fcaX 
HaaUov o Merfapeifs ififidvre^ ek ttKoiov koI rk irXei- 
arrov a^uL iv0ifi€voi, diriTrXeva'ap, w fihf Tot9 irXeC- 
aToi<; iSo/cow, ^CKori^p/qdevTeSi on, rois oTparuoTOf: 
avT&v Toif^ iraph KXiap^ov direKJdovras;, ec9 diriomwi 
eh Ttjv ^EXKdBa irdXiy seal ov Trpb^ fiaaiXia, eta JStu- 
pos Tov EXiapxov Sj(€iv. cttcI S' fjaav d^vek, SirfXjffe 
'K6yo<;, oti, Sia>/c€i avroiff; Kvpo^ Tpi/rjpea-i,' koX oi fiku 
euxpVTO d)^ BoXiov^ 8vTa<; airroif^ \i]<l}07jva4>, ol S* 

8 ^icreipov, el oKtixToivro. Kvpo^ Sk ovyKoKia-a^ roih^ 
OTparrffovs ehrev' ^AiroTijeKohrcurw fifias UevUv: zeal 
Ilaaltov. aSX cS 76 /levroi hnoTda-daxTftv, on oure 
diroSeSpdicao'iv' olSa yctp oirrj oij(pVTaf ovre diro- 
7r€<f>€vy(i<nv' ^ypa yctp Tpvrjpei^ wore eKelv to i/celvcDV 
irKolov. dXX^ /^ tou9 ^oif^ ovk eyayye avrois Bui>^, 
ovS* ipei ovSek, w iyd, &)9 fih/ &v irap^ ns, %pa)/«u, 
hreiZhv Bk dwUpcu fiovXrjrai, avKKa^wv koX avrov? 
Katcw 'JToui kcCL rk ')(prifjbaTa diroav\&. aXKoL ISvtcdv, 
elBoTe*;, otv Ka/clov^ eurl irepl fifias fj fifieh irepl iKelr 
vov^. tcalroi, S^!^ ye avr&v koI ritcva koX yvvcutcas iv 
TpdXKeav ^povpovfieva' dXV ovhk tovtodv areprjaov- 
Tcu, aSX airoX'/fy^vTcu Trj<; irpoadev ive/ca irepX ifik 

9 aperrjs. koI 6 fih/ ravra ehrev* oi Sk ^^EXXrjve^, et 
Ti9 /cal dffvfjLorepo^ fjv irpos rifv dvd/5aai,v, aKoiotn&i 
Ti)v Kvpov dperifv ^Siov koX TrpoOvfiorepov aweiro' 

Merh. ravra Kvpo^ e^ekavpei ara^/ioif^ rirrapa<;, 
Trapaa-dr/ya^ et/coatv, iirl rov XdXov irorafiSv, 6vra rb 
€dpo<; irXAdpoVi ifkTJpri S* I'xdwov fieydXcov Koi TTpaAcDV, 
0^9 oi Svpov l^oif^ ivofu^ov xal dZiKelv oxfK etcov, ovSi 
T^9 rrepurrepd^, ai Bk K&fuu, h ok iaicrivow, Ilapth 


by Google 


cdriSa^ ^cav, ek ^tivrfv SeSo/jbhHU, iprevdev i^eKavvei 10 
cradfioif^ irivre, irapacrArf^afi; rpuiKovTa, iirl ris Tny- 
7^ Tov Aapabcuco^ TTorafiov, o5 rb eipo^ irXidpov. 
hno&Oa fjaav rh BeKiavo^ fieurtKeia tov Svpia^ 
ap^avTOSf KoX irap6Z€UT0<; irdw fie^fos; icaX KcCKo^y lj(o>v 
wdirra, oca &pai ^vovai,' Kvp09 S' avrov i^i/coy^ 
/ad rh /SturCXeca Kari/eavcev. hnevdev i^eKavvei trrar 11 
djioif^; rpelSi Trapaa6rf>fa^ irevre/caiBe/ca, eirl top Eih 
^paTqv iroTa/Mov, Sma ri eS/909 Terrdpwv irraZUov' 
Kot ttoKl^ avToOc ^/ceiTO fieydXtj xal eifSalfuov Gd'y^n- 
ico9 ovofJUiTi,. imavda efieivav f)iJiip<K irhn-c seal 
Kvpo^ fierairefi'^dfievos toxx; OTpaTryyois t&v *EXXi/- 
vmv eXjeyev, otc f) oios Scoito irpo<; ^aaCKka fieyav 
ek BcL/3v\&va' koX KeKevei, avTO\f$ TJyecv Taxha toIs 
orpaTCooTai^; koX dvawelBuv errea-dai,. oi hk iroiif- 12 
<ravT€9 iKKK/rialav aTrijyyeXKov TavTa* oi Bk <rTpaTi&- 
T(u ixoKhracvov to?? orpaTTjyol*;, koI StfxuTav avrov? 
irdXat ravT e^oTa^; Kpthrreiv, /cal ovk i<f>aaav Upcu, 
icLv fiT] Ti^ avTOi^ 'Xp^fiaTa SiS^, &<nr€p xal toU irpo- 
TipoL^ fierii Kvpov dvaPSuri wapct tov iraripa tov 
Kvpov\ KoX Taxna ovk IttX p^yji]v Iovtcdv, dTsXct /coKjovv- 
T09 TOV iraTpos Kvpov. Taxha oi OTpaTryyol Kvp<p 13 
airfffieKKjov 6 S* xriria^ero dvSpl €/cdaT<p S(oo'€iv 
irkine dpyvplov fiva^, iwctv €t9 Bafiv\&va ^/coxrt, koX 
TOV flurdbv ijrreXi] fii^p^ ^v KaTOOTrja'ri tov? ''EKK7}va^ 
€49 ^loDvlav irdXiv. to /ih Stf iroXb tov 'EXKrjviKOV 
01(70)9 iireurdTj, Mivcov Sk irplv SrjXov elvav, tI Trot^- 
(rovauf fii aXKx)i, oTpaTV&Tav, TTOTcpov h^VTai, Kvp<p 
fj ov, owiXe^e to avTOv oTparevfia %o>/)l9 t&v oKSxov 
KoX eXe^e Tdie. "AvBpeSf idv fiov ireiadriTe, otne klv- 14 
Bw€vaavT€^ ovT€ irovrja'avTe^ t&v SXXcov ttXAov irpoTi- 
p/qaeoBe CTpaTicoT&v imo Kvpov. tl oiv KeX^vto 
voi/fja-av ; vvv helTac Kvpo^ meadai, tov9 ''jEJWiyi/o? 
hrl fiaaCKia^ iyo} oZv (fyrjfii^ vjia<; XP^^^ Sia/3r]vdv tov 


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Ev^pdrrjv irorafjAv irpXv hrjKov elpa^, o, ri ol SXKcn 

15 ^EXKrjve<; airoKpivovvrcu Kvp<p. fjv fihf ykp yp^lr 
a-ayvrav ^eo'dai, vfieZ^: So^ere aXrioi elvcu ap^avre; tov 
hba^alveiv, koI c&9 irpodviiOTdroLS ovaiv vjuv %a/MV 
etfTerai, Kvpo^ /cal airoiaxrei' hrUrrarai, S' el t*9 Koi 
a\Xo9* fjv S' diroy^<f}lo-a)VTai ol &X\x)i, airc/iev jikv 
airavres rovfiiraTuv, vfuv he (09 fi6voi<; ireidofikifoi^ 
irifrrordTOi^ 'XpTjO'ercLi Kol eh ^povpia /cat eh Xo^t*" 
yia^, /cal aXKov oirrcvo^ &v ieriade otZa on (09 <f>tXjov 

16 rev^eade Kvpov. aKova-avres ravra eireldovro -KaX 
Sie/Bfja-av irplv roif^ SXKov^ diroKplvao'dcu, Kvpo^ S' 
iwel "padero But/SefiijKOTa^, ijaOi] re kclL r& {rrpareih 
fuiTC Trifiyp^a^ FXovv elvev. '£70) fiiv, & avBpe^, ^817 
vfjba<; eiratvA' &7ra)^ Sk koL vfieh ifii en-cuvia-ere e/iol 

17 fie'K^a-ei, rj /j/qKirL fie Kvpov vofil^ere. ol fih/ Stf arpa- 
Ti&Tai ev eKiriai fieyd\a4^<; ovre^ euxppro avrov evrv- 
yfja-ai* Mivavv Bk /cat B&pa iKeycTo iri/J^'y^ac fbeya- 
Xoirpev&s. ravra Sk iroirjGas SUficuve* (Tweiirero hi 
Kal rb &XKo arpdrev/ia avr^ dirav /cal r&v Btafiai" 
vovrcov rov irorafibv ovSel^ ifipi'xjSrj dvayrepfo r&v 

18 fUKJT&v vrro rov irorafiov, ol Sk Gay^a/crjvol eKeyov, 
on oinrdmod^ o5to9 o irorafw^ hta^aro^ yivoiro ire^, 
el firj rore, dXXA irXoioi^' h rore 'Afipo/cofuv; irpoioDv 
/cari/cav<rep, Xva fi^ Kvpo^ Suifi^, eBoxei Stf l^iov 
elvai, Kal aa^&^ vTrox^opfja-ai rov irorafiov Kvp^ cd9 

19 fiaaiXeva-ovri. ivrevOev i^ekavvei iih rrjs Svpioi 
irraOiiovs iwia, wapa^arf^a^ irevrTjKovra, /cal aff>^ 
/cvovvrai, irpo<; rov ^Apd^v irorafiov. evravQa Jja-oit 
K&fuu TToXXal fiearal alrov koX oIvov, evravQa efieir 
vav fipApas rpeh /cal hreai^rlaavro, 

5 ^EvrevOev i^e\avvei Bici 7^9 ^Apafiias rov Ev<l>pd^ 
rrp/ irorafiov ev Se^ia e^ayv <TraBfiov<; epifniov^ whrre, 
irapa^rdryya^; rpi^dKovra /cal irivre. iv rovrqit Sk t^ 
rAir^ ^v fikv ij 7^ ireSiov iirav ofuiKov, Sxnrep 


by Google 

BOOK I. CHAP. Y. 17 

BdXcLTTa, a'^vvOlov Si 'rrXrjpe^* el Be tv koX oXXo hnjv 
vXff^ Tf KaXdfiov, airavra ffcav ewiSTj, &<nrep apdfiara* 
hevhpoy S' oxfhkv ivrjv, Sfjpia Si iravrola, irXeioToi fikp 2 
opoi, ar/pioi, iroXKol Si arpovdol oi /leydXoi * ivrjaav Si 
KoX omlZes /cal SoptcaSe<;. ravra Si ret 3rfp(a oi iTrirei^ 
iviore iSicDKov, koX oi fihf ovot, iirei rt9 Suokoi, irpo- 
Spafiopres earcurav* iroKv yap t&v hnroDv erpe^ov 
^TTov Kol irdXiv, hrel irkr}aL6fyi€v oi hnroi, ravrhv 
eiroloWf KaX ovk fjv \afielv, el fii) StaaTavre^ oi imrels 
^p&ev StaZexpfJi^evo^ roi^ Xmroi^, rh Si Kpia r&v 
aXcaKOfievcDV ^p 'irapa/ifKr\(Tia rot9 ikcufyeioi^, airdK/o- 
T€pa Si. arpovdov Si oifSel^ ekafiep* oi Si Suo^avre^; 3 
T&v iinrefiDv ra^v iiravovro' iroXif yctp curreaTrdTo <\>exh 
rfoviTa^ rot? ^h/ iroaL tpojL^^ rat? Si irrepv^iv, aXpovaa, 
&airep iari^ ')(pmpi>iv7i» ra^ he dniSa^ av ri^ Ta^ 
ffi^wrry, loTt Xafi^dveiv* wiroifTCU yctp fipa)(y, &(nrep 
TripBme^t ical ra-^v aTrwyop^vovo'c, ret Si xpea avr&v i 
TjSio^a yv* wopEvofAGvoi Be Biib ravrrj^ t^9 %(»/)a9 
a^txvovvTiu iTrl tof Mdafcav worafiop, to eifpo^ ifKe- 
Bpuiloin ivravda f}if iraKi^ ipr]fi7f, fieyoKrj, ovofia S* 
airT% Kopa-(t3T7}* nepteppeiro S' avTT) xnro tov Mda-Ka 
§evKK^» ivravB^ ifiuvav 't]p,4pa^ TpeU Kal eireci/rlaavTOn 
€urev0a/ i^eKuvvet trra&fMov^ i(ji]/iov<; Tpel^ Kal Se/ca, 5 
*irapa<rdyya^ ivein)KQVTa^ top Eif(f>pdTi]p iroTapiiP ev 
Se^ia ix'^Vf i^al dt^LfCPeirat. iirl IlvXa^. ev tovtol^ 
TO%^ tTTaBprol'q TToXkct Tmv vTro^vymp diraiKeTO viro 
Ki^QV* ov yap »/!/ ^opro? ovBk aWo ovSip SepSpop, 
aXka ^ff'ik7} ?/i/ dwa^a ?; X^P^ ' ^^ ^^ epoiKOVPTe^ 6povs 
dXira^ irapd top irorafiop opvTTOPTe<; Kol iroiovpre^ ei<; 
Ba^vXmvm ^fjov Kal e7roiXoi;i/ fcal dpTarfopdfypTe<; &Itop 
Ifcwv-. TO Zk cTTpaTev/ia o o^vTo^ €7reKi7re, Kal irpiao'dac 6 
0601^410^ €t /t^^ €P Ty AvSia arfopa ep t& Kvpov fiap- 
/Sofiifll^ TTjp Kairidr)P d\evpa>p fj dXtpircop TerTdpcDP 
<^iitkil^ Si airfXjo<; SvpaTai, eTiTcb ofioXoif^ Kal ^p^ca}- 


by Google 

18 xenofhon's asababib. 

/36\iov ^Attlkov^ • 71 Se KWirlBti hvo ypLviKa^ ^ATnKh% 
e)(iipei. Kpea oiv e(TdlovT€<; oi OTpan&Tai SieyiyvovTo* 

7 ^v Se TovTCDv T&v araOfi&v 0&9 irdw fiaKpov<; ijXain/ev, 
oirore fj irpo<; vBayp fiovkocro hunekiaai, fj irpo^ ypJiv. 
KoX hrj 7roT€ aT€voj(a>pla<; xal irrjKov <f>avhno^ ral<: 
dfid^ai^ Sv<nrop€VTOv eTrian] 6 Kvpo^ <tvv roh irepl 
ainov apiaroi'; koI evSaifioveoTdroi^, koX era^e FXavv 
/caX IlirfpTfTa Xafiovra^ tov fiapfiapiKov arparov aW' 

8 €K/3ifid^eiv ra<; dfid^a<;. iirel S' iSoKow avrm o-%o- 
\ata)9 TTOceiv, Hairep opyy eKeKevae tou9 irepX avrov 
UepGa^; tov9 KparloTOvs avveirunreva'ac rct<; dfid^a^, 
€v6a Sff fi€po<; ri 7^9 evra^ia^ ^v Seda-aadai, pi^Jrav- 
T€9 yap roif^ 7rop<f}vpov<; KdvBv<: ottov erv^ev etccurro^ 
€<rnjKoo^, tevTO &(nrep av Spdfiov t^9 irepl vIktj^ koI 
fidXa Kara 7rpavov<; yrjXoifwv, ep^oyre? rovrovf; re tov^ 
7ro\vT€\€49 %4T<5i'a9 Kol T^9 TTOtfciXas difa^vpiSa^j 
evioi Be Kal OTpeTrrov^ irepl rol^ Tpa)(rfkoi^ tctCi -^ikta 
Trepl rafc x^palv evOv^ hk avv ToiJrot? ei'cnr^SiJo-ajrre? 
€49 TOV irrjhJbv Suttov fj &*; rt^ av ^ero ^rrc^Spoy? 

9 i^CKOficaav rd^ dfid^a^, to Be nvfj.wav Bf}Xo^ ^jv KD- 
po^ €09 (nrevBov irdaav Tr}v oBqv Kal oi Biarpi^^v 
oirov firj eiruTvnapbov eveKa fj tivq^ ak\ov dva^icalou 
iKodi^ero, vofil^eov, oa(p fiev av Ba-rrop ikdoii roaovri^ 
dvapa^KevaoTOTip^ fiaxriXec fia-xetaOat, oa(p Se €rj(p- 
\ai6T€pov, ToaovT^ ifKeov anvaydp^ddai /SaaiXet 
arpdTCVfia, /cal awiBetv S' ffv rrS 7rpoo-i')(QVTi top 
vovv 7} fiax7iX€a}<; dp^V TrXi^dei fi€v xd^pa^ tcai avBpm- 
ircDV layypd oZaa, toI<; Bk fii]/c€(n rmv o&S^p /^cil ™ 
B(,e(nrdadai, TA9 Bwdfiei^ dadevri^, eX Tt9 Bid Taykwv 

10 TOV 7r6\e[iov eiroielTO, irkpav Be tov Ev<f>pdT0V iroTa- 
fiov tcard Toif^ ipi]fiov<; oTaOfiov^ ^v 7r6\i<; evBal/Mov 
Kal fierydKrf, ovofia Bk XapfidvBrj. ix Tavrq^ oi crrpor 
Ti&To^ Tjyopa^ov tA eiriTTjIBeia, a")(€Blac^ Buifialvovre^ 
&B€. Bc<f>0€pa^, a9 €lxov GKeirdcfuiTa, iiriiiifKa/Tcaf 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK I. CHAP. V. 19 

XopTov Kov<f>ov, etra awrf^ov teal awiawcov, c&9 fiff 
airreadai, Tri<; Kapi^^ to vSmp' cttI tovtoov SU/Scuvop 
Kal eKdfjSavov ra eiriTriheui, olvov re ite rfj^ fiaXdvov 
7re7ro{,rjfi€vov vfj^ a/iro rov <f>olviKo<i koX oItov fieXun}^* 
Tovro yap ^v ip ry xo>pa irXeiarov, dfuptXe^dprmv Si 1 1 
TL ivravOa r&v re tov Meucavo^; oTparuor&v koI t&v 
Tov K\€dpj(pv 6 KKeapxo^ Kplva<; dii/cevv rov rov Mi- 
voivos 'Jfkryy^^ evefidXev. 6 hk eKJBwv irpo<; ro iatrrov 
oTpdrevfia eXeyev' dKovaavre^ S* ol crpariSyra^ ix^r 
"Khra^vov Kal mpyi^ovro Urxypm r^ KKedpx^. rfj hi 12 
airy fjp^pcL KsAapxpS iSBoav iirl rtfv Suifiaa-cv rod iro- 
rafiov Kal eKel KaraaKcyp^dfievo^; r^v drfopdv a(f>i7nr€V€i 
exi Tfjv iavTov a-/ef}ur}v Bia rov Miva>vos aTparev/iaro^ 
cruv oXiyoi^ roh ^epl avrov Kvpos Be owrto ^k€v, dXX 
It^ wpQG^Xavve* t&p St Mipmpo^ arparKOT&p ^v\a 
crj^tffiiy TW m elSe top Kkiap^oP hi^eKavvopra, Zqai, t§ 
a^ip^" Kal o^TQ^ fiep auTov rjfiapT€p' aKKo<; Bk 7Ud<p 
KoX aXXo9, ^ira "ttoXXo/j Kpavyrj^ yepofiiptf^;, 6 Bk Karor 13 
t()€vyet eh ra mvrov trrpdrevfia, Kal evdif^ irapar/- 
jiXXei ctf Ta 07rX(L' fcal roif^ fiep oifklra^ avrov 
iiceXev^e fmtpat Ta? da-TriSa^; 7rpo9 rd yopara Bipras;, 
avrh^ Bk \a^&)p xou? SpaKa^ Kal tov<; iTnrel^, ot fjaap 
auTtp ip Tffi (TrparevfiaTL irXelov^; fj reTrapaKOPra, 
rovrmv Sk ol TrXeta^oi &paK€<;, fjXaxwep iirl rov^ Mi- 
vcovog, &iTT iK€lpovfi mTr^TrXrJxjScL^ Kal avrop Mipcopa, 
Kal rpix^t'P eVl TO SwXa ^ ol Si Kal earacap diropovp- 
T€? Tfli) wpdyfia\i. Q Be Upo^epoSf ervxs ydp varepo^ 14 
.irpoa-twv Kal rd^i^ avriZ kiropApri t&p ottTut&p, evOif^ 
oSy €1^ TO fi€(rov dft^orSpo^p aycop eOero rd SirXa Kal 
iSeiro rov KXedp^ov fiij iroieip ravra. 6 S' ixoXA- 
iiiiiigln^pn avTov oXiyov S€']ja-aPTo<; KaTaXevcOrjpac 
irp^iKfiJf^oL TO avTOV 7rd0o<;, eKiXevi re avrop eK tov 

TaaOai. ip tovtco Bi iiryei, koX Kvpo<i Kal 15 
Wo irparffia* ev6v^ S' eXa^e Td ircCXTd eh: 


by Google 


tA9 X^V^^ '^^ ^^ '^^^ TTOpOVa-i T&V VUTT&V ^KCV 

16 ikavwav eh to fiAaov, koX TUyec rdSe. EXbify)(e kcIX 
npo^eve teal oi aTCKot oi irapovre^ ^'EhXrive^, ovk tare 
6, Ti iroulre, el r^dp rvva oKKrjXjoi,^ M^X*!^ awdyp^ere, 
vofJLi^ere iv T§Se t^ vMp^ ^M^ '^^ KaTaKeKoyjrea-dcu 
Kal vfias ov TToKif ifiov varepov KaKm y^p r&v 
'^fieripayv ixovrcov irdvre^ oxnot otf^ opare /Sdpfiapoi 
TToXefiuarepoi rjiuv caovrai r&v irapcL fieuriXel ovrtov. 

17 cLKoww; raJura o KKiap)(p^ iv iavrS eyei/ero' koI 
iravadfjievot dfi<f>6T€poL Karh xol>pav edevro ret ottKo. 

6 *EvT€v6€v irpol6vT(ov i<f>alv€To lyyui imrayp kolL 
Kimpo^* elxd^ero S' elvai, 6 arifiix; (09 BurxjiXltop iir- 
TTcov. ovToc irpolovre^ €K(uov Kal ;^t\oi' /ecu et ri, oKKjo 
Xp^f^^p^v fjjv, ^Opovrri'; Be, Hepaj]^ arjjp^ ytv€i tc 
irpoariKCOV fiaa-CKel kcu tA TroKefiia 7k£y6fjL€voq ep roi^ 
dpi<rroL<; IlepG&v i7nfiovKev£L Kvptp, Kal irpiaSm 

2 •7ro\€/Ai7<7a9, KaraXKaryeU Si, qvto^ Kvpfp elxep, el 
avT^ Solrj hnrea^ x^Xlov^, ort tolas' irpoKarOKaiopTa^ 
Imria^ fj KaraKdvoi, &v eveipevcra^ ^ ^mvra^ ?roXXo^ 
ain&v eKoi, koX Koykvaeie rov Kalety eV/oi^ot?-. Ka) 
iroi/rjaeiev Hare p/riiroTe hvvaadai avrov^ Ihovrm to 
Kvpov OTpdrevpxi ficuriXei Siayjetkai. rm Bk Kvp^ 
aKOvaavTi ravra eBoKei 0ixf>€\tjjui el^ai, Kal itciXevaep 
avTov \ap,^dveiv p,ipo<; irap hcdtrrov rm^ ^)j€p^vmv, 

3 6 B^ ^Opovrrj^, vofilca^ erolfiov^ elpai avr^ row (V- 
iria^, ypd<j>€i eTnoToXfjv irapk ^acrikia, on *J|bi ^mv 
iwirel^ &<i &v Buvnjrab TfKeiarov^* aXka ^pwcrai rm^ 
iavTOv Imrajaiv iKeKevev a>? ^tkmp avrop VTraBSx^- 
<70ai, ivTJv Bk iv t§ iinaroX^ teal rij? Trpoa-Oiv ^tXla^ 
tnrofMV^putra Kal Triirreo)?. ravrjjp t^p i'7ri<rTo\r^v hi- 
Bwai TTLOT^ dvBp[, ©9 ^€T0. 6 Be Xa.0u>v Kvp9* ^iEm- 

4 a-iv. dvarfpov^i Bk avrfjv 6 Kvpo^; a-vXXajJL^dpetr 'Opoi*- 
TTjv, Kal o-vyKoKei eh rtiv eavTov aKT^prjP Uepcrmp rom 
dploTov^ T&V irepl axnov ewrdy Kal torn rmv 'BAXjJi 


by Google 


aTparrffoif^ ixiKevev OTrklra^ arfcuyelv, rovrov^ hi Si- 
aOcu tA oirKcL irepl r^v avrov <Tiet\vrj[v. *ol Bi ravra 
eiroirfaav, arfar/opre^ c»9 Tpurxi\lov<$ oirXlriv;, KXeap- 5 
')(pv Sk Koi eiao) TrapeKaKeae avfi/SovKov, 09 ye teal avr^ 
ical Tols SXKjols iSoKci irpOTC/irfdrjpat fioKuTTa r&v '£V 
yJlvfov. en-el S* i^XOev, i^ijyyeiKe rol'; <f)iXoi<; rtjv 
Kplariv Tov 'OpovTOV (09 iyivero • ov yhp a/iropprjrov ffv. 
eifyrj Sk Kvpov apx^tv rod \6yov wSe. UapeicaKeaa 6 
v/xa9> avhpes ^CXjoi, a7ra>9 <tvv vfiiv /3ovXev6fi€POf; o, ri 
hUcuov ioTi teal 9r/}09 l^&v koI irpb^ dpOpammv, rovro 
irpd^to irepl ^Opovrov rovrovL rovrov yctp irpSnov 
fih/ 6 ifib^ irariip eSoD/cev xnrrjKoov elvat ifioi* iirel Sk 
ra'xdek, ©9 ei^ avT09, inrb tov ifiov oSeX^O o5to9 
hroXAp/riaev ifiol exo)v Tr)V iv SapSeccv aKpoiroTuv, xal 
eyii auTQP fTpotrrroXEfL^v ewotqaa &aT€ So^cu Tovrtp 
TOV TTpo^ ifi^ woXifiov iravGcurOav koX Se^i^p eXxifiov 
jcal iSmxay /acto TavTa, etfyr), & ^Opoirra, ecTiv o, ti ae 7 
i7Swci7<ra ; oTretcpivaro oti, oii. irakiv ik 6 Kvpo^ ^pcora, 
Ovsco^v vtrrepov, 1J&9 avrb^; aif ofioXoyet^, ovSkv inr ifiov 
dBifcovfjmm^ aircKTrag ek Mvaoif^ /ca/cm irroUi^ t^p 
€fM7}v ')(mpau 0^ TL iSvifco ; e^ 6 ^Opopn]^. Ovkovp, 
€^ Q Kvpofif owoT av eyi/G)9 Trjp aeavTov Bvpaficp, 
ikffwif eVi TOP T§? 'ApT€/iiBos fiayfiop fierafiiXeip ri 
<TQL etp^aGa Kal weia^af; ifik Tn^CTcb itclKap eSoy/cd^ fiOp 
ical ^ua/3c9 Trap' ifioO ; teal Tavd' a)fjLo7ij6y€i 6 ^Opoprqs* 
Ti ovv^ €^iq Kvpo^, dBi/crjOeh vrr ifiov pvp to Tptrop 8 
hr^^Qv\€vmp fioi ipav€p6<; yiyopa^; ; ehroPTos Bk tov 
"OpAvTov oti ovSev d^ifCTfdeh rjpayrrfO'ep 6 Kvpo^ airrop, 
■^ri'fnXfJYeK otv fr€ pi iubk oBcKO^ yeyeprjo'dai ; 'H ydp 
dparficrj, efjyrf 6 ^OpopTT}^. €/c tovtov irdXtv qpayTqa-ep 
Kvpo^, *'Etc ovp ap yipoio t& ifi(p dSeXxf)^ ^oXifMio^, 
ifiol Se ^a\o9 /cal irioTo^ ; 6 Be direKpCpaTO oti, ovB* el 
yepolfirjp, & Kvpe, col 7* op iroTe en Bo^aifii. irpo^ 9 
ravTa Kvpo^ ehre T0Z9 irapovavp, 'O fihf op^p Toiavra 


by Google 

22 xenophon's anabasis. 

fih/ ireirohfKe, routura Bk X&ye^' vfi&v Bi av irp&ro^j 
& KXiap'xcl airoifyrjvcu ypwfj/rjv o, ri <toi ioKel, KXiap' 
^09 Sk elire rdBe. SvfifiovKevo) eyo) top avSpa tovtop 
itCTToSoov iroveUrBai, (09 rd'Xf'ara, (09 firjiciri Berf tovtov 
^vkdrTeadai, oKSjcl <rxp\'^ ^ '^fuv rb tcarh tovtov elvai 

10 T0U9 i0€\ovTct<; <f>CXx)v<i tovtov<; ei iroietv. Tavrp Bl 
T^ yvtofiy iffyq Kal tov9 aWoi/9 irpoa-Oeo-dai. fierh 
TavTa KeXevovTOf; Kvpov ekafiov ttj^ &l>vr^ top ^Opov- 
Tf)v iirl ^avdT(p airavT€<; avaaTqvT€<;, koL ol trvyyepei^' 
elTa Sk i^rjyov axnov oh Trpo^erdx^V* ^^^ ^^ cIBov 
avTov oXirep irpoaOev irpoa-e/cvvow, Kal totc irpoaeicv 

11 vrjcav, Kahfep elBoTCf;, oti cttI SdvaTov arfovro. enre^ 
Bk eh TffV ^AprairdTOV CKrjvt^v €l<Tif)(0rf tOv wKTrordr 
Tov T&v Kvpov a-KrjTTTOVXoyv, ^era Tavra ovre ^cavra 
^OpovTTjv otJre TcOvr^KOTa ovBeU etSe Trmroret ovSk o7rfi>? 
diridavev ovBeh elBoD^ eXeyep' ^txa^ov 8e dXKoi aXXty?' 
Td(l>o<; Bk ovBeh irdnroTe axnov i<pdp7]* 

7 *EvT€v0€V i^ekavpei, B^cL t?}? Ba0v\ei>via^ €rrad}LOv^ 

Tpeh, irapa^drfya^ BooBexa. iif Sc t^ rpir^ aradfim 
Kvpo^> i^eraaLv iroceiTac t&v ^EXki^vrnv /cat t^v J3ap- 
/3dpa)v €V T^ ireBifp irepX fiiaa^ vvxra^ ' iSo/cet yap 'ek 
T7)v iiriovaav eo) fj^eiv ^aatXia truv r^ oTparev/iaTi 
fia')(pvp,€VOV' Kal ixiKeve K\iap)(pv fi£p rov Se^wu 
Kip(0<; ff^AcQaiy Mevcova Be roi/ Oerrakov rou evmvv- 

2 fwv, avT09 Be tov^ eavTov Bdra^e^ fjuerk Bk rifv i^i- 
Tociv afia T§ iiriova-Tj ^fiepa fj^ovre^ avrS^oXai irapa 
fieydXov ^curiKeco^: aTri^yyeXkov KvpM ire pi tP}^ ^aa-i- 
\ia)9 OTpaTia^, Kvpo^ Bk crvyKaXitra^ roi"? oTparf}- 
ryoif^ Kal Xoxoyoif^ t&v 'EXXijvGyv owe^ovXeveTO re, 
•7rG)9 &v TTjv P'dx^v iroLOLTO, Kal avTO^ iraprfvei, Suppv 

3 v(i)v TOidBe. ^S2 avBpe<; '^EXXT^ves, ovk dvdpwnroDi 
airop&v ^ap^dpwv avfifidj(pv<; vfia^ ayoHy aXX^ vop,i 
tfov dfieivovaf; Kal KpeiTTov^ iroXX&v ^ap/Sdpcjv vfia% 
elvcu, Bi^ TovTo irpoaiXafiov. 07ra)9 oiv eaeaOe &vBpe>% 


by Google 

BOOK I. CHAP. vn. 28 

a^iot 7^9 iKev0€pia<; ^9 K^ierrqaOe icaX inrkp ^9 iffias iyi^ 
euScufiovi^a). ei ykp tare or^ rrjv iKevOepiav ekoi/irp^ 
&p ami &v exo> irdincDV Kal aXKcov iroKKairXcurUov. 
OTTCf)^ Si Kol elBrjre ek olov ip^eade arf&va, eyo) vfia^ 4 
66Sa>9 StSofo). TO fih/ yctp 7r\fj0o^ iroXif xal xpavy^ 
iroWfi eirla/TLV' av Se ravra avdaxv^Oe, rh aXKa /cat 
ai(TXvv€(T0ai pboi, Bo/c&, otov^; fjfuv yvaxreade tov9 iv ry 
ya>pa 6vTas dv0p(a7rov<;. vfi&v Bk avSp&v Svtcdv Kal 
.evToX/JKov yevo/iivcDV, eyo) vfi&v rov fiev otxaJBe fiovKS- 
fieuov diriei/a^, T0t9 otKoc ^TJKanbv 'irovrjO'fo direkdeiv, 
7roXXov9 Bk olfuu Troii^eiv ret Trap* ifwl eKiaOai ami 
T&v oXkoi,, hnavOa TavKlTq<; irapoiv, ^xrfh^ Xdfxio^, 5 
7rujTo<; Bk Kvptp, ehre, KaX fiijv, & Kvpe, 'KSyovo'l rvve^, 
OTi iroXXet inna-')(py vvv StA to iv ToiovT<p elvai rod 
KtpSvpov m-potTLowTQ^ ' ui/ Be eJf yiprjral rt, ov pLepLuri(Tdal 
ai ^^aatv €vtot Bk oiS*, el fiefiv^o re Kal fiovXoio 
Bvy<w0aL &p awoSovvai^ oca \nri(r)(yy. aKOvaa^ ravra 6 
i\€^£v o Kvpo^, 'j4XA' €(m fiev rifuv, & avBpe^, 17 dp^ 
^ warpma xpo? fLkp ^^arjfi^piav fiixP^ ®^ ^*^ Kavfia ov 
Bmavrai alfcetp dpBptoTroc, 77/509 Be apKrop P'^XP'' ^^ ^^ 
"j^eipmpa' ra S' ip p^itrm rovrcop irdpra aarparrevovo-tp 
at rov ifJ^ov dS£\({>ov ^i\oc. fjp S' 17/^*9 PiKi]aa)p,€P, 7 
^/i^9 Set Tov^ "tjfieripov^ ^tXov9 rovreop e^Kparel<; iroiri- 
era*. c5crT€ ov rovro BeBoiKa, p^rf ovk e^o) o, ri BS) 
ijcdcrr^ rmv ^/X&>i^, ^p eZ yiprjraCf dWd fi^ ovk exfo 
iKapoi^ oh Sm. vfi^p Be r&p ^ESXriPcop Kal aTe<f)apop 
i/cacrr^ ')(pvirovp Bmc^oj. oi Be ravra dKOvaapre^ avrol 8 
re i}€rap ttoXv 'TrpoBv/JLorepoi Kal Tot9 a\Xot9 e^ijyyeX- 
\ov. elarieaap Be rrap avrop ol re arparrf^ol Kal r&p 
aXXayp ^EXX'^ptop rtph d^iovpre<; elBepai, ri atpvcip 
earav, edp KpaTqccoaiP, 6 Bk ip^irLTrXd^ dirdmcop rfjp 
yp(Ofi/l]P dirirrep^Tre. irapeKeXevopro Bk avr^ irdpre^y 9 
oaoiirep BLeT^jiyoifro, p/q pA'xeadai, d\X OTnadev eavr&p 
rdrreaOaL. ip Bi r^ Kavp^ rovrtp KXiap^o^ &Be 7ra)9 


by Google 

24 xenophon's anababib. 

fjpero TOP Kvpov Otev r^dp aot, fiaxctcOod,, & Kvpe, 
TOP aZeK^v ; Ni) AC, lifyrj 6 Kvpo^, etirep ye Aapelov 
Koi UapvadriZo^ i<m 7rai<;, ifib<; Se oBeTixfM^;, ovk 

10 dfiax^X ravT iryo) Xijy^fuu, hnavOa Bf/ iv r^ i^o- 
irTuaUf apiOfw^ iyivero r&v fihf ^E7<Xi]va>v dairh fiv- 
pla teal rerpa/coa-la, TreXraaral Sk Sta^OuoL kclL irev- 
Tcucoa-ioi, r&v hk fierh Kvpov fiap^pcov Bi/ca fivpvdB^ 

11 Kal apfutra Speiravrf(f)6pa ap^l rib et/coa-L, r&v hk 
TToXefiiODV iKirfovTO etvcu ixarov Kal et/coa-i fivpcdSe^ 
Kol apfuiTa hpeiravq^pa Buueoa-LO. aXXoi Si ffaav 
€^aKC<rxpuov iwirehy &v ^Aprarfipatis ^pX'^v ovro^ Sk 

12 irpb aifTOv fi€L(TCKeoD<i rerar/fievoi Ijaav, rov Sk fieurir 
Xia)9 OTparevfiaro^ fjaav apxovre^ Kal aTparijyol Kal 
fffepJive^ rirrape^, rpuSucovra fivpidBayv iKaaro^, *A/3po- 
K6fjui^, Ti<7a-a^pvrf<;, TcD^pva^y ^Ap^dKT]^, rovrtov 
hk irapeyivovTo iv ry fJ^XV ^vevrjKOvra fivpuiSef; koI 
dpfjuira Spen-apr)(f>6pa ekarov Kal irevnjKovra' ^Afipo- 
KOfia^ Sk vfrripfja-e t?}9 p^XV^ fjfiepa^ irivre, iK ^oivC- 

13 Kq<; iXavvoDv. raOra Sk ijyyeWov irpb^ Kvpov ol avro- 
jio\ria-avT€s e/c r&v TrdXjep^lcjv irapa fieydKov ^aaCKeG}^ 
TTpo T^9 M^X'i^f Kal fierA rr^v fidy^v ot vcrrepov eXif- 

14 <f}6i](Tav r&v iroKep^icov ravrcu i^eXKov. ivrevOev S4 
Kvpos i^eXavvev aradjiov eva, rrapacar/ya^ rpek, 
awrerar^pAvtp to5 (rrparevfiari rravrl Kal r& 'JSXXi;- 
vi,K& Kal r& fiapfiapiKm* ^ero yap ravrrj ry fip^pa 
fjLax'£io'0(x,^ ^aaCkka' Kark yhp pAaov rov araOfiov 
rovrov rcufypo^ fjv opvKrff ^aOeia, ro fxkv eSpo^; opyvial 

15 irhney, ro Sk ^dOo^;, bpyvial rpeh, Traperiraro 8k tj 
rd<f>po<; avo) Sect roO irehlov irrl S(oSeKa rrapa/rdrfya/^ 
p>kXP^ '^^^ M^8&9 T€/;^ov9. \h>6a hq elaiv ai Sioh- 
pvx^» diro rov Tlyprjro^ irorafiov pkovaav eurl Sk 
rirrapcf;, ro fikv evpos rrXedpuuav, fiaOeiai Sk i&xy^ 
p&^y Kal ttKoui TrXel iv avral^ ai/rarftoyd • eur^aXKovci 
Sk eh rov Ev^pdrriVt SuiKel'irova-v S' eKdanrj rra^por 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

300K I. CHAP. vn. — ^vin. 26 

aarfpiv, ye<f>vpai, S* eire^aiv,^ fjv Sk iraph rov Eih 16 
<f}pdTr)v irdpoBo^ oTepif fiera^if rod Trorafiov koI rfj^ 
rd^pov (09 et/coai ttoB&v to edpo^* raxrrqv hi rr^v 
Td(f>pov ^aa-Ckev^ fiiya^ iroiei dvrl ipyfiaro^, iireiS^ 
7njv0dv€TaL Kvpov irpoaeKavvovTa, ravrrfv Srj r^v 17 
TrdpoSov Kvp6<; re Kal r} oTparih TraprjXOe xal ijiv' 
ovTO eiaay ttj^ rd^pov, Tavry fiev ovv ry VM^P^ ®^/ff 
ifui'xia'aTO fiaaiKev^, dW' vTro^capovvTCDV ifyavepcb fjaav 
KoX hnrmv /cal avOpmirtov lyvri iroKKd, hnavOa Kvpo^ 18 
XCKavov KcCKiaa^ rov ^Afifipa/cKorrjv immtv cSodkcp ^ 
avT^ Sape^Koif^ Tpia'xiXiov^, ore ry epBetcdrrj dir ixel- 
W79 rrj<; fuiApa^ irporepov Sv6fi€vo<; etirev avro), 8ri 
/3acrt\€V9 ou fuix^ircu Sixa '^fiep&v, Kvpo^ S' elTrev, 
OvK apa erv fiayelrai,, el iv ravrai<; ov fiayelrai, raZ^ 
riijAp<u^' ictp S' aXi]0€v<rps, inn<r}(vovfial aot heica 
rakmna, rovro ro 'xpvalov rore diriSoyKev, iTrel 
iraprjXOop ai Se/ca fipApai,. irrel S* iirl ry rd<f>p^ oif/e 19 
i/pdiKve ficuTiXev^; rb Kvpov arpdrevfia BuilSalveiv, 
eSo^e teal Kvpcp Kal rol<; a\\o^9 direrpfCDKkvai rov fid- 
j(€a'0(U' &aT€ ry vorepcUa Kvpo^ irropevero rjfieX/if' 
fiAvw^ fmXKov, ry Bk rplry erri re rov dpfiaro<; KctOif- 20 
fi€P09 rr}v iropeiav irroielro koX oKlrfov<; iv rd^ei, e)(ODV 
irpo avrov, ro Be ttoXu avrtp dvarerapar/fiivov irro- 
pevero koI r&v oirXcov roi<: arparuiiravs ttoXXA eirl 
dfia^&v ijyovro Kal vTTO^vylcov, 

Kal TjBri re fjv dfJL<f>l d/yophv 7r\i^6ovaav Kal irXrj' 8 
aiov fjv 6 <rra^fib<: evOa efieXKe KaraXvecp, rivlxa 
TlarrffvaSi dvr\p nepa'7]<;, r&v afi^l Kvpov ttcot&v, 
Trpo<f>aiv€raA iXavvcov dvct Kpdro^ iSpovvrc rtp L7rrr<p, 
Kal €v0if(; iraatv 0I9 ivervyx'^^^^ i^oa Kal ^ap^apeK&^ 
KoC eXKrivvk&<;, ort fia^riXeif'; ovv arparevfiari 7ro\Xa> 
rrpnaep^erav c5)9 eh f^X'1^ Trapeo-Kevaa-fjuevo^;, evOa 2 
S^ 7ro\v9 rdpayiy; iyivero • avrUa yap eBoKOvv oi ^E\r 
Xijve^ Kal rrdvre^ Bk ardKroi^ (Tf^laiv eirnreaeladav. 


Digitized by LaOOQlC 

26 ' xenophon's akabasib. 

3 Kal Kvp6^ re Karamfiriafv; anro rov &pfJUiros rov Boh 
pa/ea iviBv koX avafict^ iwl rov imrov rcb iraXrc^ eh 
T^9 xupa^ ekafie, tok t€ oKXoi^ iraarc irapifyyeWjev 
iioifkl^eaOai, Kal KaOlxrrciaOav eh ttjv eatrrov rd^ip 

4 iKCUTTov. hfOa Brj avv iroTsXy (nrovh^ KoOUrravrOt 
KXeapxo^ fiep tcL Se^ih rov fciparo^ ^<ov irpo^ r^ 
EvippdTff TTorafi^, Upo^evo^ he eypfieuo^, oi S' SXKjoi, 
fiercb Tovrov, Mivcov hi teal to arpdrevfia ro eimwfjLov 

6 Kipas €<r)(€ Tov ^EWrfViKov. tov Sk fiap^apaeov hr- 

fc ireh fiev na<f>\ary6v€^ eh %i\tbt;9 TrapA EXkapj(pv lony- 

aav €P T& Se^i^ leal rh ^EXKrjviicov ireXracm/cSv, ev Sk 

T^ evoDVVfitp ^Apuu6<; re 6 Kvpov vrrapxo^ /caX to aXKo 

6 fiapfiapiKOV. Kvpo^ Sk /cal ol Imrels Toirrov Saov e^a- 
Koaiov mr\i(Tfi€vo^ l^pa^i fiev avTol xal irapap/i]piSloi<: 
Kal Kpdveac 7rdpT€<; TrXfjv Kvpov Kvpo^ Bk '^ikffv 
exfov T^fv KCKfyaX^v eh t^v fid^Vi^ KadUrraTo* XSyeTOi 
Sk Kal Toif^ aXXov^ niptra^ yp'tXah toZ? K€<f>a\ai^ ev 

7 T<p irdXApbfp BuiKivBweveLV, ol S' Zmro^ irdine^ oi fieT^ 
Kvpov et')(pv KoX TTpofieToyn-CBia Kal irpoGTepvlBM* €ixov 

8 Be Kal fiaj(aipa^ oi iwireh ^EXXrjvtKd^, koX ijSrj re ^v 
fiiaov rifiApa/i Koi ovira> KaTa<f>aveh ijcav ol iroXifiioi* 
TjviKa Bk Betkri iyiyveTo, i<f}dvff KoviopTO^ &(rrrep ve^ekri 
XevKTi, XP^^V ^^ ®^ <^^^^ vaTepov &<nrep fieXavla tl^ 
iv To3 ireSi^ iirl irokv, Sre Bk eyryvrepov iyiypovTo, 
Td^a Bfj Kal xpCKKo^ TL<; T^a-Tpairre Kal al Xoyx'^^ '^^ 

9 al Td^et^ KaTo^fniveh iyiryvovTo. koX ijaav imreh fih^ 
TsjevKodmpaxe^ iirl tov evavvfiov t&v iroXefuoiv* Turaor 
^pv7}^ eXiyeTo tovtcov apx^iv e)(pp>€Voi, Bk tovtodv 
yeppo<l>6poh exofievoc Be oirTuTai aiiv TroBrjpeat ^vXCjhu^ 
davrla-^v, Alr/thmo^ S' o^o^ iXeyovTO elva^' aXXoc S' 
imrehi oKKoi, To^oTai* irdvTe<; S' oZtov KaTh^ eOmj ev 
ifXaKrlx^ irXripei dvOpiyirwv tKOCTOV Th eOvos iiropevero* 

10 irpo Bk avT&v apfuvra BuiXehrovTa crv)(ybv aw* aXKipi^v 
tA Bff Bpeiravr^pa KcCKovfieva* el^ov Be Tct Bphrava 


by Google ^ 

BOOK I. OHAP. vm. * 27 

iK T&v a^ovoov ek irls^iov airoTerafiha teal inrb rok Bl- 
<f>poif; eh yfjv pKhroma, ci9 SuueoTrrelLv Sr^ arnrf)(dvoi€v. 
fi ik fyvd)fj/r] ^v (09 eh rh^ rd^ei^ t&v 'JSW^mwv ik&vra 
Kol Buueoy^vra, h fUvroi, Kvpo<; elirev, ore KoKia-a^l} 
irapeKeKevero rots ^EXKijai r^v KpavytfP t&v fiapfidr 
pwv avix^cdcu, h^vadfi tovto' ov yctp icpavyQ aXX^ 
o-ty^ (09 awoTov icaX fiovy^ iv Xa<p koX fipaiea^ irpoa-' 
rieaav. /cal iv TOVTtp Kvpo^ irapeXavvav avrb^ cri^l2 
Ulrfpryn, T<p ipp/rjvei Kal aXKoK Tpialv fj TirTapai r^ 
KXedpj(ff epoa ar^eiv to <rrpdTevfui xaTcb pAaov to t&v 
TToXefiuov, OTi, €Kel fiaa-iXev^ ettf te&v tovt\ l<fyi], vikSh 
fiev, irdvO^ fjfilv ireirolrfTai^. op&v Si 6 KXAapxo^ rb 13 
fUaov aTifJM^ Koi dKovcov Kvpov Ifft) SvTa tov f JSWiy- 
viKov] eicDvvfiov ^aaChAa* ToaovTov ykp irk'^dev irepirjv 
ficurckeif^ wore pAaov t&v eavTOv e^a)j/ tov Kvpov 
evG}pvfJLov e^03 ^v dX)C ofMos 6 KKeap^o^; ovk ijdeXev 
a7ro<rrrd4Fcu a*7r6 tov 'JTOTafiov to Se^iov Kipa^, i^fiov' 
fim/Q^ fi^ Ku/cXa>0€L^ ifcaTipaydev, t^ Sk Kvpq^ direKpivwro 
ori avTm fiiXot ottoj^? KaX&^ ^01,. Kal iv TOintp to514 
icaipt^ TO fiep ^ap0apiKov OTpdTCVfia 6fia\&^ irpo^eh 
TO Be 'EXkrivLKov eri iv t<^ avT^ fiivov oweTdTTero 
ifc Twii en wpQ(TmvT<i)v. Kal 6 Kvpo^ irapeKavwmf ov 
irdw trph^ ctuT&> t&j orpaTevjuiTi, KaTeOeaTo eKaTipwa-e 
diro^iwmv €h t^ tqv^ iroXefiiov^ Kal tou9 ^4X01/9. 
tS^p £e avTQV dwo roif ^EXKrjviKOV *8ievo^&v ^AOijvaio^, 15 
VTrekdcrm ^^ irvvavTrja-a^ rfpero, el ti iraparfyeXKoi* 
6 8' hnenqam elTre koX "Kiyetv ixiXeve Traaiv, otl Kal 
tA kpk fcaXa Kal ra a-^}dr/ui KoKa. TavTa he Aiycwi'lG 

BopV^QV yfCOUCE Bia T&v Td^eODV loVTO^, Kal TjpCTO, 

Tk o l^pvfio^ elrj, 6 hk KsAap^os elwev, oti to avv- 
Orjfia irapep^erai, hexnepov ySrj, Kal 09 iOavfuure, tl^ 
irapar/yiXXet,, Kal ffpeTo, o, ti elrj to avvOijpui. 6 S' 
onreK^ivaTO oti, Zev^ a-ayrrfp koI viKt). 6 Sk Kvpo^ 17 
iueovara^, 'ilXXA Se^ofial Te, eifyrf, Kal tovto eoTW. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

28 zenophon's anabasis. 

ravra S* ehriav eh rijv eavrov %c»paj/ airi^Kavpe* #cai 
oifK&rv Tpla ^ rirrapa <rraBia Biei'xirrjv to) ipdKarfye 
air aXKr\K(iiVy f)vlKa iirauivi^ov re oi '^EWrjvet; xal 

( 8 irporjp^ovTO avrloi Uvai toIs irciXefiloi^, 0)9 Bk iropev- 
ofiivcDV i^€KVfiaive ri 1^9 <f>dKarfyof;, to einXeiirofiet/ov 
rjp^aro Spofjup l^etv xal afia €(f>0€rf^avTO irdmes, olov- 
irep T^ ^EwdXUp eKeKifyvai, xal iravre^ hk eOeov. 
Xiyovo'C Si nve^, <ia9 xal rat'; dcnruri 77/309 rk Sopara 

ff ehoxnrria'av ^o^ov iroLOvvre^ roh hnroc^, irplv Be 
To^evfia i^i/cvei(70aL ifc/cKLVovciv oi fidp^poc Kal <f>ev- 
yov(n. Kal evravda Bff eBUoKov fiev Karct Kpdro<; ol 
^EWrjve^, e^ofov Be aXX^\o£9 /a^ ^Iv Bp6fJLq>, aXX ev 

M rd^e^ ^irea-Oai, ret S' apfiara €<f>ipovTO ret j^hf Bi,"^ 
avT&v r&v iroXefilav, rci Be Kal StA t&p ^EWijvtov 
K€vct fivLO'Xfov, ol S' €7rel TrpotBoiev, Buaravro' eari 
S' o<m<; Kal KareXtj^Oiri [Syairep ev iir'TroBpo/up] CKTrTuxr 
yek' Kal ovBkv fieuroc ovBk tovtov iraOeiv eifxiaav, 
ovS' &7CKo<; Bk r&v ^EKKtjwov iv Tavry ry fui)(7j hraSev 
ovBel^ ovBeVi ifkiiv hrl to5 evtovpjjbtp ro^evffijval ri^ 

2li>Jy€T0. Kvpo<;.B^ op&v Toi>^'^EXKrp;as; viK&VTa<; to 
KaB* avroifs Kal BtdoKovra^, f)B6fi€vos Kal nrpoaKwou- 
fiepo^ fjBt} CB9 ^a^iXeis inrb r&v dfJL<f}^ avrov, ovB^ &9 
i^X'^V BmKeiv, aXXct awearreipafjLevrjv ex^v r^v r&v 
avv eavT^ e^aKoaioDV imrktov rd^iv hrefLeTsjelro, o, ri 
iroirjo-ei ^aaCkei)^, Kal yiup yBev avrbv ore /Jbiaov ep^ot 

22 Tov nepciKOV trrparevfiaTosi, koI irdvref; B* oi r&v 
fiapffdpoDv apxpvre^ fieaop expvre<; to avrwv fffovmat^ 
vofii^ovTe<; ovto) Kal ev da-ifyaXeardt^ elvai, ^v y rj 
la")(p^ avT&v eKaripwdev, koX el rv irapa/yyeTXai. vpV' 
^oiev, iv '^fiiaei &v XP^^^ aUrddveaOcu to arpdrevfia* 

23 KoX ^aciXeifs Brj TOTe fxeaov e)(fi>v t^9 omtov aTparia^ 
SfMt^ e^(o ejeveTO tov Kvpov einovvfiov KipaT09> eTrel 
Bk ovBelf: airrS i/idxeTo ex tov ovtIov ovBk toI<; avTov 
reToryfjAvo^f efiirpoo^ev, hriKapnrr&f m eh Kv/cKaaiv, 


by Google 

BOOK I. OHAP. vin* — IX. 29 

evOa Sff Kvpo^ Seiaa^ /lij oTrurOev yevofiepo^ KaroKcn^ 24 
TO 'EXKtjvckov eKavvei avrlo^* koX ifi^a\a>v avp ro69 
k^aKoalois viKa tov9 irpo ^curCKAto^ reraryfiipovs koI 
eh <f)vyffv erpey^ roi^ e^aKi,<r)(CKlo\n;, Kol airoicreivcu 
"K&yerac auT09 ry iavrov X€ipl *ApTarf€pai]v rhv ap- 
')(pvTa avT(av. (B9 8' '^ rpoirrf iyivero, Sicunrelpovrai 25 
teal oi Kvpov i^aKoatoc efe to Suokclv 6pfiijaavT€<;, 
irXrjv irdvv o\lr/ot d/i^* avTOV KaTeKel^Ofiaav, <r)(€Sov 
oi ofioTpdire^oi KoXovfievot, <ruv tovtol<; hk iiv Kodqpa 26 
^aaCKea Kol to dfi^^ iKcivov (r^t^09' fcal €v0if<; ovk 
ijvecrxjETO, aXX eLirtov, lov avopa opco, lcto eir avTov 
/cal iraiet xaTa to aTepifov koX TCTpa>a'/c€C Sid tov 
&a>paKO<;, &<; ^<n KTrfcla^ % IcLTpo^, kclL idaOat avT09 
TO rpavfjia <p7]aL. ^iraiQVTa S' avTov dKoyrLt^ei tl^ 7ra\-27 
TM iiro TOV 6<f>0aXfLop ^uLicas • koX hnavOa fui'xpfievoc 
ical ^a<n\€v^ koI Kvpo^; /cal oi dfi<f>^ avToif^ inrkp ixar 
TipoVj oiroctoi p^ep rtj^p dfi(f>l ^curCKea diriOvrjaKOV 
Knyata? Xijet.' Trap itceivfp ydp ^v Kvpo^ Sk avTO^ 
T€ dw€6av€ Koi QKTu^ ol apccTTOi T&v ircpl avTov ^KetVTO 
ifr auTtt). ^ApraTrdrr}^ 8' 6 inaTOTaTO^ ain^ t&v2B 
. aKr}7rTovy(mp S^^pdirmp 'KeyeTai, iweiS^ ireirrtoKOTa etSe 
Kvpop^ xaTaTnjSijo-a^ dtro tov hnrov TrepcTreaecv avT^. 
fcai ol flip (f>aai ^aaikia KeKevaal Ttva iTria-cfyd^ai 29 
avTQP Kvpm, ol B * iatrrov iina'<f>d^aa0ac arraa-dfievov 
TOP amipdfcrjp* el^e yap 'Xpv<yovv, kclv OTpeirTOV hk 
i<f^p€^ fcal -^iXm Kal -^dXSji (aarrep oi dpiOTOv Ilep- 
amp' ir^rlpi'TiTQ yap vtto Kvpov Si* evvotdv re koX 

Kvpo^ fjL€P oZv ovT<o^ iT€\€VTff(r€V, dvtjp i)V Hep- 9 
(T&v T&v fierd Kvpov top dp')(aZov yevop^ivojv ^aaCkir 
KedTaTO^ T€ /cat apj(€iv d^wiTaro^, W9 irapd irdvTcov 
ofwXoyeiTai t&v Kvpov Sokovvtcov iv ireipa yeviaOai. 
irp&Tov fikv ydp en irai^ &v, St iiraiSevero koI avv 2 
T& oSeTi^tp Kal avv to?9 aXKoi^ ^aiai, TfdvTcav irdvTa 


by Google 

80 xenophon's akabasis. 

3 Kp6m(rro^ ivofii^ero. irdine^ yhp oi r&v apurrcov Ilep- 
a&v iraiBe^ eirl Tai<; fiaaCKAG)^ ^vpaL<; TratSevovrai' evOa 
ttoWtjv iikv (Toxfypoa-vvrfV KarafidOoc av t69, ala-'xpov S* 

4 ovSh/ ovT oKovaai, ovr IBeiv iari, l^e&mai S' ol TraZSe? 
Kal T0V9 TC/JL(ofi€voi^ vTTo ^curChAois Kal aKOvovac, kuI 
aXKov^ aTifui^ofjLevovs' owrre evOif^ iraiBe*; ovre^ fiav- 

5 Odvovatv apx^cv re Kal apx^aOat. €V0a Kvpo^ alSrj- 
fjuovioTaro^ fihf irp&rov r&v fjkucumr&v iSoKcc elvai, 
Tot9 T€ irpea^vripoi^ Kal r&v iavrov VTroSeearipav 
fiaXKov irelOeaOai, hreLra Be (f>t\c7r7r6TaTO^ Kal to?9 
EV7rot9 aptara ')(prj<T0cu' CKpivov S' avrbv Kal r&v eU 
Tov TToKe/Jbov €py<DV, TO^LKrj<; re Kal aKovrlaecDS, <f)cK(h 

6 fiaOiararov elvat Kal peKeTqporarov. iirel Sk t§ 
fjKLKl^ iirpenrs, Kal (fyiXodTjporaro^ ^v Kal 7rpo9 rh Si]- 
pla fievTov <f>i\oKtvSvv6TaTO^, Kal apxrov Trork inrtr 
^pofievrfv ovK erpeaev, oKKh avfiiretrayv KareairdaOifi 
airb TOV ^mrov, Kal ret fiku SiraOev, &v koIX tA? wretXA? 
iJHivepct^ el'xie, reTio^ Sk KarcKave' Kal tov irp&Tov fihf- 

7 TOL fioffOija'avTa 7roWol<; fjLaKapKrrov eTroifjaev. hrel 
Sk KaT€7rifi<f>0rj vtto tov irarpb^: aaTpdm]^ ^AvSla<: t€ 
Kal ^pvyla<; ttj^ fieydXrj^; Kal KainrdSoKia<;, arpaTtj^q 
Si Kal irdvTcav direSel'xdTj, oh Ka6rJK€i ek KaartoKov 
irehlov dOpol^ea-dah irp&Tov fihf iweSei^ev ovtov oti, 
irepl ifKeioTov ttocolto, et Ttp (rrreiaaiTo Kal el t^ avv- 

8 OoIto Kal el t^ \mo(r)(piTo TLy firjBev '^jrevBeaOai, koX 
ryhp oiv eirUrrevov fieu avT& ai iroXeis eiriTpeTrSfieva^, 
hrurrevov S' oi avBpes* koX el tl^ irokkfiio^ h/kveTo, avrefr 
aa^ov Kvpov hrioTeve firjSkp &v iraph, t^l^; trrrovSh^ 

9 iraOelv. Toir/apovv iirel Ti(rd'a<l>€pv€t eTroXi/j/rfo-e, iraaai, 
ai iroXeL^ eKovaat Kvpov elXovTo ovtI Tta'(ra<f>ipvov9 
irKrjv MiXfja-LCOV ovtoi Si, otl ovk 7]0€\e tov<; (\>ev- 

10 ryovTa<; TrpoiaOat, i^o^ovvTO avTOV. Kal yap epytp 
hreSeiKWTo koX ekeyev, oti ovk av iroTe irpoolTO, eirei 
Aira^ ^/Xo9 avToh iyeveTO, ovS* et en fiev fielov^ 


by Google 


jiiH>an-o, en Si k6jciov irpA^eiav. ^xwepo^ S' ffv /colli 
. €? t/9 tl arfodov fj kokov irov'^etev avrov, vlkov ireipdh 
fievo^* KoX evx^v Bi rive^ avrov i^€(l}€pov, w d/xptro 
ToaovTov 'xpovov ^v, eare vtK<^ Kal Tois ei koX tov9 
KOKW iroLovvra^ oKe^oiievo^;, Kal yhp oiv 7r\6urroil2 
X^ avT^ evi ye dvBpl t&v iff> fni&v hreOvp/qtrav /eaX 
' XfynH^"^^ f^ 7r<i\€69 icaX rk eavr&v aoDfiara irpoiaOav. 
ov p^ Bfi oifSk TovT av Tt9 eliroiy w tov9 Koxovp^ovs 13 
Kal dSucov^ eta KaTO/feXav, a\X' oAf^eiZitrraTa Trdmwv 
iripaypetTO. iroXX/iKV^ S* ^v iSetv iraph tA? oTei^a- 
pAva^ ihoxf<i Kal iroh&v Kal j(€cp&v Kal o^dXpMV are- 
popAvov<i avOponrov^' wctt' hf t§ Kvpov dpx^ eykvero 
Kal ^HXKrivi KoL ^apfidptp p/rfBh/ oSckovvtc aSew tto- 
peveaOai oiroi tl<; i^OeXep, ^ovtl o, tv irp<yxp>polrj, 
Tov^ rye pAvTOL oTfaOov^ €t9 TToKepov wpdXjoyrjTO Suxr 14 
if>€p6vTa)^ Tipap. Kal irpSnov pep Tjv avr^ irSXepo^ 
7rpo9 Huriha^ koX Mvcov^* (rrparevopepo^ ovp koI 
avT09 €49 Tai5Ta9 rcb^ X^P^ ^^ edpa eOeKovra^ kivSv- 
vevecv, rovrov^ Kal apxpvra^ hrolei, 1J9 KareaTpitpero 
%(»/Mt9> hrevra Sk Kal aWrj SSpot^ irlpa* &aTtt 0a^l5 
veaOac Toif<; pev dr/a£oif^ evhatpoveardrovs, TOV9 hk 
KaKovs Sot;\ov9 Tovrayv d^LOvv elvai^ rot^apovv iroXKtf 
fjv d^Bovia avT& t&v 1^\6vtq)v KipSvpeveiv, oirov t^9 
otocTO Kvpov alarBritretrOai, eh ye pifP BiKauxrvvrjv eilQ 
TA9 avrtp ff>avepo<; yevovro hnZeCKwa0a4, ^ov\6p€Vo^, 
irepl iravTo<i enrotelro tovtov9 irXjovatomepov^; iroLelv 
T&v €K Tov dBlKov tf>CKoKephovvTtov. KoX yhp oiv aXXa 17 
T€ TToXXA hiKaUo^ avr& S^^^e^p/fero koX OTparevparv 
dT^OcvS exprjaaro, koX ydp arparrjiyol Kal Tsjoxo^ol 
ov xPVH'O'Tcov evcKa 7rpb<; eKelvov eifKevo'av, dXX' hrel 
eyvfoaav KephaKeanepov elvai, Kvp<p /caXa)9 ireiOapxelv 
fj TO Kord prjva KepSo^. dXKd prjv eX tI<; ye ti, avT& 18 
irpooTd^avTi KaK&^ vTrqperqtretev, ovBevl TramoTe dxd- 
puTTOv elaae ttjv irpoOvpiav. Tou/apovv KpdTiaroc St) 


by Google 


vTrffpirac 7ravTo<; epyov Kvp<p iKk'xB'qaav yevitrOcu* 
19 el Se Ttva opmj Becvov ovra ohcovofwv ix tov Bixaiov 
Kol KarcuTKevd^ovrd t€ ^<; ap^ov X^P^^ ^^^ irpoaoBov^ 
TTOiovvra, ovBiva av irdirore a(f>€lXerOj aX)C ae\ ifKeico 
irpoaeBiBov &aT€ /cal 9786(09 eirovoxw koX ^appdKkcd^ 
eKT&vTo Kol h iireTraTo av ti^ ^Ktara Kvpov €Kpxrjrrev • 
ov f^hp ^0ov(ov Toh <f>avepm irTiovtova-iv i(l>alv€TO, 
aXXct 7r€ipa>fievo<; ;^p^<r^at Tot^ t&v aTroKpinrrofikvaDV 
20%/37;/«wt. ^l\ov<; ye pJqv oaov^ Trocqaairo koX evvov^ 
ypolrj 8vTa<; xal iKavoi)^ Kplveie awepyov^f elvat o, re 
Ttrfxcivot ^ovk6fi€Vo<; Karepyd^eaOat, ofwKoyeiTac irpo^ 

21 irdvTtov KpdriaTOf; Stf yevecOcu ^epaireveiv, Koi yhp 
avTo TovTO, ovirep avros eifeica <f>lXa}v wero BelaOai,, 
C&9 awepyoif^ hc^^» ^^^ avros iireiparo awepyb<; T0Z9 
^C\oi^ KpdTi<TTO<; elvat tovtov otov etcaarov alaOd- 

22 voLTO eTnOvfjLovvra. B5>pa Bh ir\el(TTa fihf olfuu €%<; 
ye &v dv7)p ikdfi^ave Bih iroXKd' ravra Be m-dvroyv 
Btj fidktOTa T0J9 iptkoi^ BlcBlBov, tt/oo? tou9 rpoTrov^ 
e/cda-Tov aKoir&v xal otov fidMara opanj ^kootov Seo- 

2Zp,evoif: kcu ocra to3 adfuiTi avTov Koafiov irifiiroi tv^ 
fj 0)9 €t9 TToXefjLov fj (09 €t9 /caXKcaTno-fioVi koI irepl 
TOVToav X^eiv avroy i^>aaaVi otl to fikv eavTOv a-a>fia 
OVK &v BvpcuTO TOVTOL^ iratTi, Koa-fjLrj0rjva4,, ^i\ov<: B^ 
/caX&^ Ke/coap/rj/ievou*; fieycaTOV koct/iov dvBpl vojjll^oi. 

2iKal TO fiev Tci fieydXa vlkov tov^ (^lKods ei irowvvra 
ovBkv ^avfiaaTOV, eireiBrj ye koX BwaTO}Tepo<; ^v to Bk 
T^ iircfieXeia irepieivav t&v ^1\q)v koI t& irpoOvfi^ltrdat 
Xapi^ea-Oac, Tavra efidt^e fjidWov Bo/cet or/aaTiL elvcu, 

25 Kvpo^ yobp hrefiTre /SUov^; oXvov fffuBeel^ iroXKdKt^, ottotc 
irdw fiBifv Tiufioc, Xiycov otl ovttg} Bt) ttoXXov ^P^^^^^ 
TOVTOV fjBiovt oXvtp hriTvypi* tovtov ovv aol irrefiyjre 
/cal BeiTai aov Truiepov tovtov eianelv aifv oU fidXiOTa 

26<j>L\e'i^. TToXkd/cc^ Be %^i'a9 fip^L^pdiTOV^ eire/nre koX 
&pTa)v fifilaea ical SXKa jouivTa, hrCKkNe^v KeKevtov 

^ Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

BOOK I. CHAP. DL — ^X. 88 

TOP ^pavra* Tovtoi,<; rja-Orj Kvpo^* ^ovKerai ofo teal 
ak TovTtov r^€vaaar0cu. ottov Be x^Xo? airiifu^ 7rdw27 
ehi, auT09 S' iSvvaro irapaaKevdaacrOat, hih to iroK- 
Xov9 exeiv vTrtipira^ xal Bui, rr)v iirt/iiKeuiv, Bunrifi- 
iroiP €/ceX£V€ tov9 ^i\ovs Tofe rcb iavr&v am/iaTa 
ar/ovaifV hnroc<; ifi^dXKeiv rovrov rov %*Xoi/, &<; /i^ 
TreLV&vre^ tov9 eavrov <f)i\ov^ a^axrip, el Be Sij irore 28 
iropevocTo teal irXecaTo^ fiiXXoiev SyfreaOa^, irpoa-Kdk&v 
T0V9 (f>i\ov<; ioTrovBa^dKoyetro, ci&9 BijKoirj oft? rifi^. 
ware eytayye ef &v clkovko ovBiva teplvo) viro 7r\ec6p<ov 
7r€<f>tXa](r0cu opre 'EWijvayv ovre /Sap^dp^v, TCKfi'^pvov 29 
Bk Toirov Kal roBe. irapct fiev Kvpov BovXov Svro^ 
oifBeU dir^ei irpb^ ^aaiKia, irXrfv ^Op6vTa<i i'rr€')(elpri<re* 
teal o5to9 Bfj hv tSero iriarov ol elva^ ra^u ainov eipe 
Kvp<p <f>L\aLT€pov fj iavT^ ' Traph Bk ^aaCKAai)^ iroXKol 
TTpo^ Kvpov airrjXJBov, iireiBrf iroTsAfuot aSXrjKot^; iyi- 
vovTO, teal ovroi fievroL ol fidKcara xnr ainov ar^airdh 
fieifoh vofii^opre^ wapa Kvptp 8vt€^ dr/aOol d^uaripa^; 
&v Tifiy}^ Tvrf^dvuv fj iraph, fiao-i\ei. fieya Bk reKfirj- 30 
pmv Kill TO iv rfi TeKevTy rov ^iov avr^ yevofievov, 
Sri tcai auTO'i ^v dryaOo^ Kal Kpivetv 6p0&<; iBvvaro 
rom ino-Tovs koI €vvov(; Kal fie^aiov*;, diroOvija'KOVTO^ 31 
yap avTov wdvTE^ ol irap avrbv ^CXoc Kal awrpd- 
ircfot dwiOamv fia')(6fi€voc inrep Kvpov 7r\fjv ^Apialov 
ovrQ9 Sk T£rayfiivo<; irvy^avev iirl t£ €va)vvfi<p rov 
iTTTrt/cov dp-j^mp* W9 8* rjaO^o Kvpov irewrtoKora, 
€(pvy€v e)(mv fcal ro arpdrevfia irav, ov ffyeiTO. 

^EvravOa Brf Kvpov aTrorifiverat '^KCcfyaXffKal'nX^^PlO 
fj Be^Ld. PaaCKev<; Bk Kal ol avv avT& Buokcov ela-- 
iriirreL ek to Kvpeiov oTpaToireBov leaX ol fikv iierh, 
^ApuUov ovKCTV taravTai, aXKct ^evyova^ Bih tov av- 
T&v OTpaToiriBov eh rov OToOfJiov, evOev &pp/qvTO* 
T€TTape<; S' ekiryovTO irapa^drf^a^ elvat t7J<; 6Bov» 
BaacXev^ Bk Kal ol oirv airr^ ra re dXXa iroTCKi 2 



by Google 

84 xenophon's anabasib. 

huifyir&^ovai koX rffP ^(o/ea^a rffv Kvpov iraXKaxlSa 

3 rffv (roij^ffv koI KcCKiiv "Keyofiiprfv elvat Xafi^dvec, fi hk 
MCKviala ij vcamipa Xfi^eica xriro r&v djj^l fiaavKia 
iK(l>€vy€C yvfivif irpb^ r&v ^EKKrjvoiiv ot hvypv hf to?9 
aK€vo^poi<: oTrXa Ij^orre?, /cal avT(,Ta)(jS€PT€^ iroXKois 
/lev r&v apira^ovTCDV aTri/crecvav, oi Sk teal avr&v 
airiOavov* ov /iffv €<f>ir/6v ye, aXKcb koI ravrrjv eaaxrav 
/cal aXKa oiroaa hnos ain&v kcu ')(prifiaTa zeal av0pt&- 

4 iroL ^ivovTO irama Sa-axrav. ivravOa SU<r)(pv dXXif- 
Xwi/ ^aaCKev^ re koI ol ^EXKrives &^ rpiAKoma ardBia, 
oi fjbh/ Si(!>K0VT€<$ Toif^ Kod^ avToif^ c»9 irdvra^ vcK&vre^, 

5 oi S' dpird^ovT€9 c&9 ^Si; wdvTe^ vt/c&vre^, errel S' 
^aOovTO oi fikv ''EXK7fV€<:, on ^oaiKei^ ainf r^ arpor 
revfuiTC ip roc^ aKevo^poi^ etr), ^a<Tc\€V^ S' ai rj/covae 
Tta-a-fKpipvov^, 8tc oi *^EW7jv€<; vck^v to tcaO^ avroif^ 
Kal eh TO irp6<T0€v oXypvrai Bt^Kovre^, ivravOa 8^ 
ffaa-iKeif^ /Jbkv d$poil^ev re tov9 eavrov kcu avprdTreriu, 
6 Bk KXAapxo^ e^ovXevero Upo^evov KCbKiaas irkriaialr 
raro^ ydp fjv, el irifiTroUp Tiva^ fj Trdvre^ ioi^v iirl to 

6 orparoTreBov dpri^ovre^, iv tovt^ koI fiaaCKehs 8^X09 
fpf TrpoaioDp irdTuv, w eBoKei,, oiriadev. kcu oi fihf "EX- 
Xrjve^ (rrp<uj)ivT€<; irapea-Kevd^omo m ravrtf 7rpo<n6vTO<f 
icaX Be^ofiepoi, 6 Bk ^ao-iXeif^ ravrp fih/ ovk ^ep, ^ Bk 
iraprjXBev l^o) rov evcavipMV Keparos, ravrrf Koi d/irffyor 
761/, dvcLXa^iov Kal tou9 iv t§ fid^p /card T0U9 *^EXXr)va^ 
avTopLoXriaavTa^ koX Ttaa'a^ipvriv Kal rov^ ainf avr^* 

7 d ydp Tta-a-a^ipvry; iv t^ irpwrrj awoBtp ovk etpvyev, 
dXXd Bci^Xa^re irapd rov Trora/wv Kard roif; '^EXXfjvai^ 
weXTaoTd^:* BieXauvfov Bk KorkKave fikv ovBiva^ But- 
ardvTe^ S' oi *'EXXrjv€<; hraiov Kal ^kovti^ov avrov^' 
^E'jn(r0ivrf<; Bi ^AfuptTroXirfj^; ^/o%e t&v ireXracrT&v koX 

8 iXiyero ^povi^fio^ yeviadai. 6 S' oSv Turacufyepvrj^ <&9 
fieiov ^(ov dmjXXdrpi, irdXiv fiev ovk dvaaTp€<f>€i, ek 
Bi TO orparoireBov d^iKofievo^ to t&v ^ETOJjvtov ixel 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK I. GHAP. X. 85 

<nnnv^(Sv€L fiaaiKei, teal 6/jlov Sff irdKxp awra^d^ievai 
iiropeuovTo. hrel S' fjirav Karh to eiww/uw t&p 'E!Xr 9 
\riViov xipa^, eSeurap oi "EKK/rive^y /lif TrpoaSyo^ev irph^ 
TO Kepa^ Kol TrepiTTTV^avTe^ a/jufnyripwOev airrov^ Koror 
Ko^iav' zeal iBoKCV dirrot^ ava/rrrvaaeaf to Kipa^ kcu 
irovrjtraadai oirurOev tov iroTafiov. iv ^ Bi raCralO 
i^ovKevovTO koI S^ fiaaCKeif^ TrapafteLyfrdfievo^ el^ to 
avTo o-yrjfJM KaTiarrfo-ev amUiv ttjv (jxiXcuyya, &air€p 
TO TTp&Tov /juixovfi€Po^ aw^€L w Bk elSov oi "BlXr 
\ffV€<: ©77U9 T€ cfinra? xal TrapaTerwyfiipov^, aiOi^ 
TTCuaviaavTe^ errpeaav ttoXu Sti TrpoOvfioTepov fj to 
irpoaOev. oi S' ai fidpfiapoc ovk iheyovTO, aSX iic II 
irXAovo<: fj to irpotrOev e^evyoi^* oi S' inrehUoKov p^kxpi 
tca>fjbrf<: tivo^:* hnavOa S' eoTriaav oi ''EXXiyi/e?- \nrip 12 
yhp T^9 #C(B/LM79 yi]Ko<f)o^ fjv, e<^ ov aveaTpd^aav oi 
afupl fida-vKea, Trefol fih/ ov/ceTc, t&v Sk imricnv o 
\6<f>o<; ip€7r\i]<r0f), wtrre to iroi^vfievov fiff ynypdxrKeiv. 
Kol TO 0a^ik€ioi/ tiTjp^elov opdv i^fxiaav, aerov Ttva 
')(pva'ovv eVi iriXTTf^ [iirX fiJXou] avaTerafikvov, ^TrellS 
Se Kal ivrauB ' i^mpovv oi "EKKr^ve^, Xeiirovtri hi} ical 
TOP \o^QP ol nTTret? * ov fif)v ere aJdp6oi, aSX aXKot 
SXKo9m* i-^CKovTo 5' 6 XoKfH}^ t&v iinrieov tcXo? Bk 
Kal Trdvre^ d'7r€')(<iipT]a-av, 6 ovv KKiapj(p^ ovk dvefii- 14 
^a^€v iwl tov X6<^op, aXX* VTrb airrbv trrqira^ to 
€rrpdT€Vfia wifLiru Avkiov tov SvpaKoaiov koX oKKov 
hrl TOP Xo^ov 4^al KGK6{f€v KaTiZovTa^ tA xrirkp tov 
Xo0oi/ ri ioTip dTrwfyeiXai, koX 6 Avkiov rj/Xaai Tel5 
Kol ISmp dwwyyikXei^ qtv ^vyovatv dvb, KpdTO^. aye- ' 
Sbv S* St€ TavTa fjv koI rj7uo<; iSvcTO. ivTavOa S' 16 
ioTTfcav oi "'EXXiyw? Kal l^ifievov Tct BirXa dvenravovTO* 
Kal afia /ikv iOavfiafyv, Stl oySafwv Kvpo^ (fnilvoiTO 
oifS* aXXo^ dir avTov ovBdi^ irapehi* ov yetp 'pSeaav 
avTov TeOvrjKOTa, dTOC eiKo^ov fj Bui>KOVTa oix^o-Oac fj 
KaTaX/rjy^fievov Tt, irpoeT^XoMevav koI avTol i^ov-VJ 


by Google 


XevovTO, el ainov fieivavre^ Tct <TK€vo<f>6pa ivravOa 
&yoLVTo fj airloLev iirl rb oTparoirehov. eho^ev oiv 
avTol<; airtivai' koI a(f>LfcvovvTai afi<f)l SopTrrjoTov iiri 

18x^9 (TKrivds, ravTTj^ fiev t^9 fifiepwi tovto to T6X09 
iyevcTo. KardXafi^dvovat Be t&v re aWoDV 'XpTj/iaTayv 
Tct ifkelaTa StrjpTrao'/ieva xal et tl avrioV ^ irorov ^v, 
/cal ra<; dfid^a<;, fjueard*; oKevpcav /cat otvov, a^ irape- 
CKevdaaro Kvpo*;, iva, el Trore a<f>oBpd to OTpdrevfia 
Xd^oi evSeia, SiaSoirj toi<; '^EWrjaLV fjaav 8' avrcu 
rerpaKocnat, 0)9 iXAyopTO, a/ia^av koX ravra^ Tore oi 

19 aitv PaaCKel Bn^pTraaav. Hare SZeLirvot ^aav ol TrXet- 
OTOV T&v 'EWijvoDV' ficav Bl Kcu dvdpujTOL' irplv yhp 
Brj KOToKvaai, to arpdrevfia irpb^ apiarov ^aaCKev^ 
i<f)dvf). ravnjv fiev oiv rr^v vv/cra ovto) Bceyepovro. 


1 'if29 /JLev oiv riBpolaOrj Kvpq> rb ^EXKrfV^Kov, Sre 
iirl rbv dBeK^v ^Apra^ep^v iaTparevero, /cal oaa ei/ 
ry dv6Bq> iwpdx^V f^^^ ®^ ^ /*^X^ iyevero xal w^ 
Kvpo^ eTekevTqtre koI C09 iirl rb oTparoireBov ehdovre^ 
oi "JEJW^i;€9 i/coifJLTjdrja-av olofievoi rd irdpra vikclv kcX 

2 Kvpov ^v, ev rS ejiirpofrOev \6y(p BeBi^Xcorat. dfia Bk 
ry VH'epa awehdovre^ oi aTparrjyal iOavfia^ov, or* 
Kvpo<; oi/re aXKov Tri/JLirei a-fffiavovvTa, o, tl 'xptf iro^ 
elv, ovre avrb^ ^Ivolto. eBo^ev ovv avroc^ avaKevor 
aafievoc^ a el'xpv /cal e^oirXca'a/iivoi^ irpolevai el^ to 

3 irpoadev, &)9 Kvp^ avfifii^eiav. rjBr) Bk ev opfiy ovtodv 
afia ^\l<p dviaxovrt ^\&€ IIpo/cKr}^ 6 TevBpavlas; ap- 
%©!/, yeyovQx: dirb Aafiapdrov tov AdK(0VO^, kclL T\ov<i 
6 Tafid). oifTov eXeyov ore Kvpo^ fiev T€0vr}/cev, ^Apuuo^ 
Bk 7r€<f)evya)^ iv rip aradp^ eirf iierd r&v oKXmv ficLp- 


by Google 

BOOK n. CHAP. L 87 

fidptov SOev T§ TTporepal^ &pfi/rfVTo, koI Xijoi 8rc Ta{h 
njv fiiv rrjv fifUpcof wepifielvciev &v avroth, cl fUXKoiev 
ijKecv, T§ Se aKkrj airUvcu (f>al7} iirl *Ia)via^, SOemrep 
ffKJBe, ravra aKovaavre^ oi orpaTTjyol koI oi oKKoi 4 
^E>Xriv€'; 7njv0av6fi€POi ^apicD^ €^pov. KKAap^o^ Bi 
ToZe ehrev. ^AKh^ &<f>€Ke fih/ Kvpo^ ^v iwel Si t€T€- 
7{£VTrjK€v, airarfyiXXere ^ApuiUp, otl fip^l^ viK&fikv re 
BaaCKka, Kal, ed9 opare, ovBeU (hv fipZv ftdxercu, koX el 
firj vfiel^ 7]\0€T€, iwop€v6fi€0a &v iirl ^aaiXea. iwa/f- 
yeXKofieOa Bi *ApuLup, ictv evOaZe eXOy, eh rov Bpovov 
TOP fiaal\ewv Kodtelv airov r&v yctp tidyrf vckwvtcdv 
KoX TO ap^ecv iarL ravr elirwv aTroareKKec tov9 a/fye- 6 
\ov<; Kal avv ainol^i XeLpiao<f>ov rov AoKCDva Kal Mi- 
v(ova Tov OerrcCKov* Kal yctp auT09 Mivav i^ovXero' 
fjv yap ^l\o^ Kal ^€Po^ ^Apuilov, oi fiev Axpino, 6 
£Xia/9%09 Bk irepUfieve, rb Bk arpdrevfia hropi^ero 
alrov oir^s iBvvaro €k t&v vTro^xr/icov, Koirrovre^ rov^ 
Bov^ Kal ovov^' ^vkoi,^ S' e')(p&VTO, fitKpbv irpolovre^ 
airo TTjs ^dXa/yyo^ ov r) /nd^rj iyivero, T0Z9 re ol<TTo'k 
7roXKoL<; oitrtv, ot^ rjva/yKa^ov oi ^'EXkrjve^ ix^aXKeiv 
Toif^ avTOfwkovvTO/!; irapcL fiaaCkkto^, Kal Tot9 yeppoi^ 
KoX ral^ cunrlaL toX^ ^vKlva^^ rai^ Air/vTrrlai^ • iroXKal 
Be Kal irekrai, Kal afia^at fiaav ipepea-Oat iprffioi- oh 
ttcUti, 'xpdfievoc Kpea e^ovre^ r^aOcov iKelvijv trjv fipA- 
pav, Kal rjBij re fjv irepl ifKYjOovaav dr/opctv Kal Ip- 7 
'Xpvrav irapcL ^aaiKea}^ Kal Titraa^ipvov^ KfqpvKe^;, 01 
fiev &X\oc ^dp^apoc'^v S' avr&v ^dKtvo<; eh ''EWrjv, 
09 CTVYXfX'Ve irapa Tia<Taff>epvei i)v Kal ivrffiay; exav' 
Kal yap irpoceiroielTo hnoTrffifov elvai r&v d/Kpl 
Td^ev<; re Kal OTr'Kofia'X^lav, ovrot Bk irpoaeKBovre^ Kal 8 
KoXecavTe^ rob^ r&v *EKKrivtov dp^ovra^i \iyov<Ttv, 
OTi fiaa-iXev*; KeKevec tov9 '^EWrjva^, eirel vck&v rvyyd- 
V€L Kal Kvpov direKTOve, TrapaZovra^ rd oirXa lovra^ 
iirl r^ PaaCKifo^ J^vpa^ evplaKeadat dv rv Bvvayvrac 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


9 ar^a06v. ravra fihf ehrov oi ^curcKio^ Kripvic&;* oi 9k 
"EXK/riv^^ fiapico^ /ikv ffKovaav^ ofuo^ Si KXiapxo^ 
ToaovTOV elirev, an ov r&v vikwvtohv ehi rh oifka 
irapaZiZovoA* dXX', e^, vfiel^ fiiv, & ivSpe^: arpaTi]' 
yol, TovToi^ anroKpivaaOe a, rt KdXKurrSv re koX apir 
(TTOV lj^€T€' eyo) hk aM/ca fj^(o, i/edKea-e jdp t*? 
avTov T&v innfper&v, a7ra>9 iSot tA Uph i^pfffiiva* 

10 ervxc yhp Sv6fi€Po<;. evOa S^ aireKplvaro KXedvoop 
fih/ 6 ^Ap/cct^ irpetT^vraro^ &v, Stv irpoaOev &v airo- 
ddvoiev fj tA oTrXa iraptiSolffa-av Hpo^evo^: Bk 6 Orf- 
fiaio^, ^AXTC iya>, i^, <S iaSZve, ^avfid^cni irorepa 
w^ Kpar&v ficurtXeif^ atrei Tct oirXa fj (09 hii, ^CKloof 
i&pa. el fih/ f^hp &<; Kpar&v, rl hel avrbv alrelv 
KoX oi Xa^elv iXBovra ; el Sk 7relaa<; /SovKerai Xa/Seip, 
X€7€T0), rl iarai T019 oTpari^Tai*:, ihv avr^ ravra 

11 ^ap^coin-ot. irpo^ ravra icCSZvo^ elire, Ba^iXe{>(; viicav 
ff/elra4„ iirel Kvpov diritcrove. rk y^p avr^ €<mv 
ooTC^ T^9 dpj(rj<; dvmroielrav ; vofil^ec Be xal vfia^ low- 
rov ehai, ex<ov ev fi€<rp ry eavrov %<»/?« /cai worafi&p 
ivrb<; d£uifidr<ov Kal ttX^^o? dvdpayirfov i<\> vfid^ Swd- 
fjbevo<; drfotfeivy oa-ov ovS\ el irap^xpi ifiiv, hvvaurOe &p 

12 arrro/creivac, fierd rovrov Qeoiropmo^ ^AOrjvaio^ eiTrev, 
*if2 ^aXive, vvv, dy$ av 6pa<:, fipZv ovBkv iariv dffoSov 
aXKo el fi^ ^TrXa teal dperq. oifka fikv oiv i^ovrei 
olofieOa &v koX ry dperfi 'XprjaOai, irapaZovre^ S' &v 
ravra Ka\ r&v a-tofidrtov <rrepr)0rjvai, firf oil otov rd 
fiova dr>fadd fniiv ovra v/uv imipdBoxreiv, dXXd aifv 
rovrovi ical irepl r&v viieripcuv drfa0&v iLaypipueOa* 

13 oKOvaa^ hk ravra 6 ^aX2vo^ eyiXaae xal ehrev, ^AyXd 
<l)cko(r6<f>^ fikv lo^Ka<;, & veavurKe, xal Ti^ec^ ovk dxd- 
purr a* ta0v fihnoi, dv6r)ro<i &v, el olec rr}v vfieripav 

14 dperijv irepi^evetrOav dv t»79 ^aaiXict)^ Svvdfieay^:. oK- 
Xov9 Si rcva^ e<f>aaav Xiyeiv \mo[idXaK(Xofievov^i co9 
Kal Kvp<p irvaroX iyivovro Kal fiaacXel &v ttoWoO d^ioi 


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ffkvovvTo, el l3o{fKoiTO ^IXo^ yevia-Ocu* xal etre SXKo 
Ti, SiKot 'xp7ja0a4>, etr hr AtyvTrrov arpareveiv, airy" 
KaToarpe^aiVT &v avr^. iv rovrtp RKiapxo^ ^k€, 15 
Kal fipoiyrqaev, el rjSi] airoKCKpifiipoi elev. ^dXivo^ Bi 
{nraXa^oDV eVirev, Ovroi, fiiv, & KKkap^e, aXXo9 aXKa 
\iyef <rif B* rjiiZv ehrk tl \eyet9. 6 S' ehrev, ^Eyw ere, 16 
& ^d\2v€, aa-fievo^ ifopatca, olfjuic Sk xal ol aXKo^ irdv- 
T€9' ov re yhp ^EXKrjv el koI ly/ttet? roaovrot, Svre^, 
aaav^ <ri> opa^. iv rotovrocf; Sk ovre^ TrpSrffiaai, avfi- 
^ovKevofj^eOd cot, rl 'Xph irotelv irepl &v Xiyei^, ait 17 
oiv irpQ^ ^&v avfi^ovXev<Tov rjiuv o, tl coc Boxei icdX- 
Xlotov koX apiOTOV elvav, koX o <rot rifirjv olcet efc rhv 
en-eira 'xpovov dvaX&ySfievov, ore ^aXiv6<; irore irefir 
<l>deh irapd ^aaCKeo)^ KeKevatov to^ ^'EKKt^vo^ tA 
o-ffka irap€LBovvai ^vfM^ovXevofiivoL^ ^we^ovXevaev av- 
roi^ Tif&. olada Bi, ort dvdry/crf XiyeaOac iv ry 'JSX- 
X4S* ^ &v crvfi^ov\eva-rj<;, 6 Bi K\iapj(p^ ravralS 
mnfYero, ffovXifievo^ teal avrov rbv irapk fiaartKia)^ 
irpea^emvra ^vfi^m/Kevcrat p,^ irapaZovvav tA 57r\a, 
OTTQ)? eueXTTiSe? fioXKop elev ol ''EWrjve<;. ^aX2vo<; Bk 
vwoarp^m iraph ttjv Bo^av avrov elirev, ^Eyd>, el /juev 19 
rmv pbuplmv iXir^o^v p^ia rt? vpXv i<m acodijvav iroXe- 
fLovPTa<^ 0aaOutf trvp^^ovXevo) . pJq irapaBiBSvat rib 
ofrXa ' el SI roi p^riBepda arorripla^ iarlv ikirh a/covro^ 
paaCKito^ avp,fiov\evG) a-d^eaOac vfitv oirp Bwardv, 
KXAapyp<i Be irpos ravra elirev, ^AKSA ravra fihf Bif 2C 
aif \i7et9' Trap' ij/iwi/ Bi aTrdrfyeXXe rdBe, ore fjp^el^ 
olofieOa, el fiev Beoi ^aaCKel <^l\ov<i elvai,, ir\elovo<i 
&v a^toc elvat <f)l\oi ej(pVT€<; rd oifka fj wapoBovre^ 
aXK^, el Bk Biot TroXe/ieZi/, ap^eivov hv iro\ep.elv exovre^ 
ret 07f\a fj aWo) irapoBovre^. 6 Bi iaXivo<i eZ7r€,21 
Tavra fikv Bf) airarfyeXovfiev* aXKcb /cal ToSe vficv 
ehrelv eKeKevae fiaacKev^;, on fiivova-c p,kv avrov airov- 
BaX etrjaav, irpolovo'L Bk teal diriovo'i rrokepx)^. elirare 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

40 xenophon's anabasis. 

oiv Kol irepX rovrov, irorepa fievelre koI airovZal eiaiv 

22 tj 0)9 TToKifiov SvTo^ Trap* vfi&v a7r(Vfy€X5>. KXiap^o^ 
S' eT^^ev, ^AirdrfyeKKe rolinjp koI irepX rovrov, ore teal 
fllilv Tavrib Boxei, airep koX ^aariXei, Ti oiv ravrd 
ioTCv ; €<fyyj 6 ^aXTi/o?, aireKplvaro EXkap^o^* *'Bv 
fikv fiivafiep, airovSaC, a/jrcovai Bk koX nrpoiovai, iroyusr 

23 /LM>9. he irdXiv ^pwrrjae, S'n'ovSa<; fj iroXefwv airarp- - 
^€K& ; EXkapyp^ Zh Tavrct irdXiv direKplparo, SttovSoI 
fMkv /levovo'cv, cLTnovai, hk ri irpolowrv 7r6\€fio<$» o, re 
Sk iroLrjaoL ov Bcea-ijfurjve, 

2 $a\Zyo9 fih/ Srf cS^ero Koi ol ai/p avr^. oi Sk 
Trapct ^Apialov JjKov, IIpOKkri^; koI XeLpi<TO<f>o^' Mevtov 
Sk avTOv €fJL€pe irapk *Aptai<p, oirov Bk i\eyov, orv 
7roX\od9 (fnilr) *Apicuo^ elvab Ilipaas; kavTov ^eKrlov^, 
ot>^ ovK &v ava<r')(i<T0<u avrov ^aa-iXevovro^* aXK* el 
/3ovXe<r0€ auvairUvat, tjkciv ijBij /ceKeve^ t^9 wkto^* 

2 el Bk fiTj, avT09 irptol airUvai (jyijaiv, 6 Bk KXiap^o^ 
elirev, *^\X' ovrm 'xprj Troieiv iiuv fiki/ rjtuofjLep, &<nrep 
TJyere' el Bk fitj, irpdrrere oirohv av rt vfiiv OLrjade 
fbdXcaTa avfi^petv, o, t6 Bk iroirjaoi, ovBk tovtol^ . 

3 eZTTC. iierk Bk ravra ijBr) fiXlov Bvvovto<; ovyicaKia-a^ 
Toif<$ arparrf^oif^ koX 7uy)(wyov^ eXefe TOidSe, ^Efiol, 
& avBpe^, Bvofiivtp livai iirl fiaa-CKka ovk ^lyvero rcb 
Upd, Kol elKOTco^ apa ovk iytyvero* a»9 yap iya> vuv 
7n/p0dvofJ4U, iv fiea-^ fjfi&v Kal paaCKAto^i 6 Tlyprj^ 
TTorafio^ ioTi vavahropo^:, ov ovk &v Bwalfieda avev 
ifKxiUov Btafirjvac* TrXoia Bk rj^jbel^; ovk ^ofiev, ov fjbkv 
Bff avTov y€ fiivecv olov t€* tA yap iirLTT^Beui ovk €<jtcp 
iX^iv iivat Bk irapk roif^ Kvpov ^i\ov^ irduv KoKii 

i fj^uv Tct Upk fjv. &B€ oiv 'xpij TToceiv dirLovra/; Beir 
irveiv o, ti, ti<: e^ef iireiZhv Bk <rr)fii]vjf r^ Kepari &<$ 
dpairavea-Oa^, crvtTKevdJ^eade* iireiBhp Bk to BevTepov,^ 
ouaTWeo'de hrl tA vTro^vyui' iirl Bk t^ Tpbrtp iireaOe 
TjJ fiyovfihfjp9 Tct fikp xnro^iyui ^ovt€<; irpio^ toS 


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woTttfjuw, rk Be &jr\a ?f a>. raSha oKOvaame^ ol arpor 5 
TTyyol KoX 7uy)(aryol airrjKJdov Kol erroiovv ovro). /cat rb 
XoiTTOP 6 fiev ^f>X^» 01 Sk iireldovTOy ov^ iXo/Juevoi, 
oKXcb 6p&VT€^, OTV fi6vo<; e^povei^la Sei tov ap^ovra, 
ol S' aWoi aireipoi, fjcav. dpc0fi6<; Sk ttj^ oBov, fjv 6 
fjKdov i^ ^E^eaov rfj*; ^Ia>via^ H'^'XP^ '^^ f^XV^> OTOr 
dfiol Tpefe Koi ivevTjKOVTa, irapOAtarf^ai irkvre icaX rpior 
Kovra Kal irevraKoatoi, ardBioi iremrfKoina koI i^Or 
#c^<r%4\M)6 /cat fivpioc • diro Sk t^9 f^X'i^ iXeyovro elvcu 
6w Bafiv\&va oTaStoi e^Kovra kclI rpuucoaiou hh 7 
T€v0€v, eTrel aKOTO^i ijivero, McKtokvOtj^ fjuh/ 6 Opq>^ 
exG>v Tovs T€ hnriw; tov<; fieO^ eavrov efe rerrapdr 
KOvra Kal t&v iret^&v OpoKOfv w? rpuLKOclov^ t/uto- 
fwKriae irpo^; ficurcXAa, KsAap^os Bk Tot<; aXXoi^ 8 
Tf^eVro Kwrh rd iraprjyyeKfiiva, ol S' eXirovro, Kal 
d(f>CKPovvTac eh tov irpSnov aradpiiv wapd ^Apcaiov 
Kal r^v eKeivov oTpartdv d/jupl pAaa^ vvKra^' Kal iv 
Ta^ei, Ste/Jb€vov rd oirXa ^wrjXJBov ol OTpaTfiyol Kal \o- 
%ar/ol T&v *EWi]vwv irapd ^Apiatov* Kal &fioo-av oZ 
T€ ''EW7jv€<; Kal *Apuuo<; Kal r&v aifv avr^ ol Kpdrir 
OTOb fij]T€ TTpoBaxrecv d7CKi]\ou^ avfifuixoi re eaeaOai,' 
ol Be ^dp^apot irpoadDfiocav Kal fffqa'eo'Oai, dBoSxo^. 
ravra B* cifioa-avs a-^^avre^ ravpov Kal \vkov Kal 9 
Kdirpov Kot KpLov €t9 dovTiSa, ol fiev '^EWrfve^ fidirrov- 
T69 f ^9, ol Bk ^dp^apov \6yxr}v. eirel Bk rd irifrrd 10 
iyevero, elirev o KXeap^o^, ''Aye B^, & ^Apcale, eTrehrep 
6 avTo^ vfuv OToTio^ iarl Kal fipZv, elire, riva yviifirjv 
exec^ irepl t^9 iropelas, irorepov airifji^ev rjvirep fjKOo- 
fiev fj d\X7)v Ttvd ewevorjKevat, BoKeh oBbv KpeiTT<o. 
6 S' eiTrev, ^Hv fih ^XOofiev dinovre^; TravreXm dvU 
VTTo Xcfiov diroXoifieOa' Inrdp^ei, ydp vvv rifiiv ovBhf 
T&v eTTCTrjBeLcov. enrraKalZeKa ydp a-Tadfi&v r&v eyyih 
rdro) ovBk Bevpo 16vt€<; e/c t^9 X^P^^ ovBev etxop'^v 
XafjL^dvecv evOa Bi n ^v, fjp»el<; Btairopevofievoi Kare- 


by Google 

42 xekophon's anabasis. 

Sam-avii<rafi€V. vuv S' hnvoovfiev iropevetrBai /LusMcpo- 

12 ripav fiiv, r&v S* hrvrrjI^Uov ovk airofyqaoiJ^eu. iropw 
riov S' 17/uv Toif^ irpoDToxj^ araOfioif^ &<; &v SvvdfJLedtt 
fjut/cpordTOVf;, Xva &<; ifKeiarov airocnrcurd&fjLev toO 
^aa-tXiKov oTpaTevfJuiTo^; ' fjv yctp &ira^ Svo fj rpi&v 
'^fi€p&v oSbv air6<T')(Ci)fieif, ovKkri, firj hvvriTai fiaatr 
X6V9 i7/ia9 KaroKa^elv. oKlyq> fih/ f^hp orpaTevfiaTi, 
ov roKfirjaef, i<f>eir€a-0ac' iroXin/ S* ex^fv otoKov ov 
hwrjceraL Taykcus iropeveaOcbi^ fcrG)9 hi icaX r&v 
eiri^TTjSeuov (nravcec. ravnjv, e^, riiv yvwp/qv exp 

13 ^Hv Bk avrrj rj orpaTTfyia ovSev aXXo Swafiivr) ^ 
airohpavcu '^ diro^vyeiv* fi Sk rxryTI ioTparrifpia'e koK- 
\toP, iirel ycbp rifAepa iyivero, iiropevovro iv Se^va 
exovre^ tov rjKiov, \oyv^6fi€vot i^^eiv afia rjKl^ Svvovri 
eh Kcofia^ T179 Ba^vKoavla^ X^P^^ ' • '^^^ tovto fihf ov/c 

]4:e\ft€v<T0i]a'av. en Bk dfi^l SeCXijp eSo^av woXefi^hv^ 
opdv hnrka^* xal t&v re 'EXK^Pti>p ot fiij irvx^v iv 
rals Td^eaiv 6vt€^ eh ras rd^etr^ 60mpt teal ^Apimo% 
CTuyx^^^ y^P ^^' dfid^^ TTopeud/ievo?, Siort irirptaTo, 

15 Kora^d^ idtopcucl^ero koX at (tvp airr^* iv ^ hk mwXl- 
^ovTO ^Kov XiyovT€<; ol irpom'ep.j^BhrTt^i axo'Troi, qtl ovx 
hnreh ela-tv aXX vTro^vym vifioipro. nal €v6b^ eyveo- 
aav irdvre^y on, iyyv^ irov ia-TparoTreSemro ^crtkey^ ■ 
zeal ydp Kol Kairvo^ i^ivero iv ictifiai^ ov wpotro^* 

IQKXiapxo^ Bk €7rl fiev rov^ TroXe/Aiou^ ovk ^w §B£i 
ydp Kal direLpriKOTa^ rov^ trrpaTLmra^ «ai d^irov^ 
oi/Ta9* ^Bri Bk Kal oy^k ^v ov fiivroi, ovBe dwiK7up€f 
^vXarrofievo^ firf BoKolrj (jyevyeiv, aXX' evdwopov S/>f(ov 
afia r& fjki^ Bvofiiv^ eh Ta9 iyyvrdTCD te(o/ui<; tou9 
irpdrov^ ^X^^ /careo'/cijvojaev, i^ &v Birfpircurro inro 
TOV ^accKcKov aTparevpbaro^; Kal uvrd rd diro r&v 

n oIkl&v ^v\a. oi fiev ovv irpSnoi, op^^ rpoirtp rtvl 
ioTpaToireBeva-avTo, ol Bk varepov (tkotcuol irpoaidvre^ 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK n. GHAP. n. — in. 48 

&9 MrfXfUfCfV S/caoTot fjiXl^ovro, teal fcpauyifv TroXXifv 
hrolovv KCbKovvrei ciXKrjKotJ^y &<rr€ koI roif^ wdKefilots 
aKov€i,v' &<ne oi /jbh/ irf/vrara r&v iroKefiUov Kal &f>v- 
f/ov ix r&v cicriiHoiidr^v, hrjKov Bk tovto t§ varepalif 18 
iyh/ero* oire ryctp viro^vyiov ir ovShf i(f>dvrf oUre 
orpaToveSov ovt€ Kairvo^ ovSa/iov TrXtfciov, i^eirXdrftf 
Si, <»9 loiKe, Kal ^aaCKeb^ ry i<j>6S<p rod oTparevfiaTo^, 
iSrjXaxj-e B^ rovro oU ry varepaCa hrparre, 7rpoiov<rrj^ 19 
pAvTOL T^9 wicrh^ TavT7i<; Kal rols "EXK/rjo'c ^^o^ 
ip^irhrrei,, Kal Sopvfio^ koX Bovtto^ ^v, olov €iKo<: <f>6fiov 
ep/jreaovTO^ yiyvea-Oai, KxAap^o^ Bk To\p,lBi]v *H\£tov, 20 
hv Mrfxavev eytov irap eavr^ K^pvKa apurrov r&v 
rSre, tovtov cofenrelv eKiKevce atr/rjv KaTo^pv^avra, 
OT6 irpoarfopevovaiv oi ap^ovre^, S? hv rbv cu^hna rov 
6vov et9 tA oTrXa firjvvay, 8ti Xipfrerac p^urOhv T£KMh 
rov dpyvpiov. eTrel Bi ravra iKTjptrxOij, iyvtoaav olZl 
arpaTV&Toi, ore K€vb^ 6 ^^o^ eXirj koI oi ap'xpvre^ 
a&oL, afia Be BpOptp wapi^yyecXev 6 KXiapxp^ ^^ 
rd^vv rk oirXa rlOeaOa^ roif^ ''EWrjva^; ^irep el'xpv ore 

^O B\ Bit) eypayfra, orv ^aaiXei^ i^errT^/irfrj t§ i<f>6B^, 3 
ryBe Bffkov fjv. ry fikv jctp irpoadev 'fijikpa irip^TTCDV rit 
InfKa TrapdBiBovat iKi\€V€, rore hk afia fiXUp avarikr 
XovTi KTipvKw; hrepA^e irepl (tttovB&v. oi S' iirel ffXjBov 2 
irpb^ Toif^ 7rpo<f>vKaKa^, i^i]Tow tov? ap^ovra^, iireiBrf 
Bk aTnffyeXKov oi wpo^vKoMe^, EXiap^b^ TV)(a>v Tore 
tA9 Tc£^€t9 iir^KOTT&v etire T0J9 irpo<^vka^v KeKeveiv 
Toif^ KTjpvKa^ TrepcpAvecv, aypi &v axokdarf. eirel Bi 3 
• KareaTTja-e ro arpdrevp^ aare /caXS? ^x^iv opaaOai 
TrdvTTj <l>d\cvyya irvKvi^v, t&v Be doTrXoDV p/qBeva Kara- 
<l>avrj elvai, eKaXea-e Toif<; dr/yiKov^;, Kal axtro^ re irpO' 
YiKSe TotJ? re evoifKordrov^ exfov Kal €veiBe(rrdrov<; r&v 
avrov arparitor&v Kal T0Z9 aXKoi<: arparrjyok ravrh, 
eif>pq4T€V. iirel Bk fjv wpo^ to?9 0776X069, dvrjpmra, 4 


by Google 

rl Povkoano. oi 8' &\jerfOv, in irepi tnrovS&v If/coi^v, 
avBpe;, oZtiv€<: Uavol iaovrcu rd re irapit fia&i\ia><: 
T049 ''EWi]&iv airarfyeZkai /cal rh Trapes r&v ^EKK^vtov 

5 PacrCKel. 6 Bk direKplvaro, ^AircufyiTCKere roivw avrS, 
Sti fj^x'^<: Bel irpArov apcarov ydp ovk eoTiv ovS* 6 
TokfiTjaoiv irepl awovS&v TsJyetv T0Z9 ^EWrjai fiff iropC- 

6 <ra9 apcoTov. ravra dKovaavre: ol ayyeXoi anrfiKtiv* 
voVi Kal fjKOv rayi' o5 /col S^Xoj/ Tjv, ore iyyv<; irov 
fia(n\€if<; ^v ff aWo9 t*9, ^ hreriraiCTO ravra irpdr- 
T€iv' iKeyov Si, on elxora SoKotev X&yecv ficurcXei, koI 
^KOi€v f^efjbovas e)(pvre% ot avrov^, idv (nrovBal yevtov- 

7 rat, a^ovaiv evOev e^ova-i rd hnrriheuL. 6 hk i^pan-a, 
el avTot9 Tor9 dvhpdav airivBgiTo Tot9 lovai Kal diriav^ 
GiVi ^ Kal T049 aXXo49 €<roiVTO airoyhaL oi Se, ^Airar- 
aiv, e^Hurav, fiixP^ ^^ paxrCKel rd irao vyJav hvarf- 

8 yekOy. iirel hk ravra elirov, fiera^a-TTjo'dfievos avrois 
6 KKiapx<y: ifiovXevero' Kal iBoxec rd^ <nrovSd<; Trotei- 
adai Ta'xp Kal Kad^ fiav^iav eXJdeZv re hrl rd imn^Seia 

9 Kal Xafieiv. 6 Se EXkap^o^ ehre, AoKel fikv KOfiol 
ravra' ov fihrroi rayy ye dirarffeKSi, oKSd, hmrpi^^, 
iar &v OKPTja-Gnaiv oi a/yyeXot, fi^ diroBo^ Vf^iv. rd^ 
(TTTOvBd^: TTon^a-aadai' olfial ye fievroi, e<fyq, koI rol^ 
i^fieripot<; arpanwrai^ rov avrbv <f>6fiov irapia-eadac. 
iirel Sk iSoKec Katpo<: elvai, dinjyyeWev, on (nrhZoiro, 

.10 KoX evdv^ fjyeiaOai ixiXeve irpb^ rdinrrfieia. Kal oi 
uhf Tjiyovvro, KKeapyp^ fievroc iiropevero rd<; fikv ottov- 
8A9 TTovqaop^vo^, ro Sk arpdrevfia e)(fov h rd^i, koI 
avT09 oiy7n<r0o<f>v\dK€i. Kal ivervyxjavov rd(f)poi^ Kal 
av\&<Tiv vBarof; irXripeaiv, 0)9 fii) hvvaaBav Bia^alveiv 
avev y€<f)vp&V' a\X' eiroiovvro htaPdaei^; ck r&v ^ir 
vIkcov, ot fjaav iKireirrfOKore^, tou9 Bi Kal i^eKoirrov, 

U KoX ivravda fjv Kkkap^ov KarajiaJdeZv c&9 eireardreL, 
ip fih/ rfj dpLcrrepq, xeipl ro Bopv exfov, iv Bk t§ Be^^ 
fiaKrrfpiav' Kal el n<: avr£ BoKolrf r&v irpb^ rovro 


by Google 

BOOK n. CHAP. m. 45 

T€Taryfiip(ov fiXaxevecv, eKXeyofievo*: tov hrtrriieiov 
hrcuaev av, koI &/ia avT09 irpoaeKdfi^aveu ek tov 
mjKov ififialvoDV &<tt€ iraatv aUrxjuvriv elvat firj ov 
avairovSd^eiv. Kal h'd')(driaav fihf 7rpo9 avrov ol 12 
TpuiKovTa errj y€ryov6T€<: • iirel Se Kal KXeap^ov icopcDV 
OTTOvSa^ovra, TrpoaeXAfifiavov koI ol irpeafivrepoi. 
iroXif Bk fiaXKov 6 EXeap^o^ eawevSep, vTroTrrevmv /a^ 13 
ael-oSra) irXripeb^ eivai ras; Tcuf>pov<: vSaTo<;' ov yhp ^v 
Spa ota TO ireSiov apheiv aXX' Xva ffirj ttoXX^ irpo- 
i^ivoLTO Tot9 "EKKriaL heivcL ek rijv iropeiav, tovtov 
€P€Ka ficuriXea vTrayirrevev iirl to irehiov ro iBtop d<f>€tr 
Kevat. 7rop€v6fb€voi B^ ouf>lKovro ek Kcofiaf;, oOep airi' 14 
Sec^av oi rjyefiove; 'Kafi^dveiv ra hnrriBeui, ivT]v Bk 
<riT0<; iroXif^ koI olvo^ <f)0Lvuc<DV Kal 0^09 ey^Tov otto 
ro>p avrmv, avral Be al ^dXavoi t&v (f)oiv{Ka)v, ola^ 15 
pikv iv TO£9 ^^EXkT^aiv e<mv IBeiv, T0t9 olKerais diri- 
KUVTO^ al Se Tot? BefnroraL'i airoKi-ifJbevaL fjaav diro- 
X^KTOh Savfidaiai ro KdXXo<: Kal to fiiyedo^;, 17 Bk 0^49 
-qXi^rpov ovSep BUcfyepc rh^ Be tiva<; ^palvovres rpor 
jT^^ra dw€Tiff€aaif* Kal ^v /cal irapk irorov fiBv fiiv, 
tce^aXdh/yh BL ivravda Kal tov irfKetfxiKov tov ^oi- 16 
viKQ^ frpmrov i^myov oi orpaTi&Tai, Kal oi ttoXXoI 
IBavpLaa'ap to re ftSo9 Kal Tt^v IBtOTTfTa t^9 17801^9. 
*}P h^ a^oBpa mi tovto K€<l>aXaXry€<:. 6 Bi <f>olvi^, 
oBev i^mpedeiTj 6 i^Ke^aXo^, 0X09 ava^vero. 

^Epravda t^ieivav rjfiipa^ Tpei^ • Kal irapk fierydXov 17 
^aa-iXim^ IjKe Tia-aaxfiipvi]^ Kal 6 t^9 ^axrCXia)^ ywai- 
*co9 iiSeX*^09 Kal aXXoi Hepaai Tp€i^' BovXov Bk iroXXol 
ehroPTo^ iwel Sc aTnjvTrjtrav avToi^ oi t&v 'EXKi]va)V 
OTpaTTfyol, ?Xeye irp&TO^ Tia-aa^^ipj/rj^ St' epfi'^vio)^ 
ToidBe. *Ey(o, & avBpe^ "EXXrive^, yelToyv oIk& t§ 18 
'EXXdBc, Kal eirel vfjba<: elBov eh iroXX^ KaKh Kal dfUf- 
'yava ip/ireiTTCDKOTa^;, evprjfia iiroiTjo'd/jbrjv, et 7rQ)9 Bvvalr 
furjv irapib PaaCKi(o<; aiTi^aacOat Bovvac ifiol diroa&aat - 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

M xenophon's anabasis. 

vfia<; ek rtjv 'EXXiiBa. olfuu yhp hv ovk a%ap/((rrco9 
fiov exjetv ovre irpo<: vfi&v ovt€ irpo^ ttj^ irdairf^; 'J5\- 

19 \dSo<;. ravra Bk 71/OU9 'provfi/rp/ ficuriXia, 7<4rf<DV airr^, 
OTL hiKala}<; av fiov 'Xfipl^oiTO, ore avr^ Kvpov re cttit 
oTpaTevovra irpSno^ T^yyevKa zeal fio^Oe^v e^f^v cufia 
T§ a/yy€\la ouf>iK6fj/rfV, Kal /i6v<y: t&v /carcb roi^ "EX- 
Xffva^ rerarffiivoyv ovk l<j>vyoVs aXXA Biij\a(ra teal 
(Twific^a PaaCKel hf r^ v/M€Tip<p OTparoTriSq), evda 
ficun\eif<; axfyUero, iirel Kvpov aTre/cre*!^, xal tou9 ^vv 
Kvptp Pappdpov^ iBuo^ aifp ToiaBe toi<: Trapovo-i vvp 

20 fi€T ifjLOVy oXirep avr^ euri ircoToraroc. /cal irepX fiev 
TOVTCisv vTriayero fioi fiov7i€vaa<r0ac' epeaOiu Be fie 
vfjbas exiXevo'ev ikOovra, tivo<; evetcev earpaTevaare eir 
avTOV. Koi (rvfi^ovXeva vfJuv fierpUo^" airoKpivaaO<Uy 
Xva fioL exnrpOKTOTepov 0, idv ri, Bvvayfieu dr/adby vfuv 

21 Trap' avTov Btairpd^aadcu, irpb^ ravra fieraaTavrei 
oi ^'EWrjve^ i^ovXevovro' kol direKplvavro, EXkap^o^ 
8' eXeyep' 'HfjLei<: oiire awrjkOofiev ©9 fiaaCKel iroKer 
fiTjcrovre; ovr iwopevofjueOa iirl ^a^CKea, a\\^ 7roXX^9 
irpo^daei^ Kvpo^ evpia/cev, 6^9 /cal aif ei olarOa, Xva 
vfid<; re dirapa^KevdoTOV^ Xd^oc Kal '^fia*; evOoBe 

2% dvarfdrfoi. iireX fiivrob rjSr) avrbv eayp&fiev ev Bei,v^ 
ovra, 'po'xvvOrjfbev Kal .9eov9 Kal dvdpdyrrov^ irpoBovvcu 
avTOv, ev tc5 irpoaOev %/30z/^ irape'xpvre^ fifia^ airrov^ 

23 eJf TTocelv. eirel Bk Kvpo^ Ti0jn)K€V, ovre ^aaCKel dvrir 
wotovfjueda t^9 dp^^ ovr eartv orov evexa fiovT^xil/ieO* 
&v T7JV )3acrfc\ea>9 Xo>pav KaKW irotelv, ovB* avrov 
diroKrelvai &v iOeXotfiev, iropevoifjLeda S' av otKoBe, et 
Tt9 Vf^^ H'V XvTTOLTj' d^iKovvra fiimoc weipa^rofieOa 
a-ifv T0t9 .^€049 dfivva^aOaf idv jjAvtoi, tv^ fffid^; koX eiJ 
TToi&v fnrdpyjpt koX tovtov €?9 ye Bvvafiiv ovx 'fiTrrfa-o- 

24t/jie0a ei iroi^xhne^. 6 fikv ovto)<: elirevr dKovtra^ Bk 6 
TKTcroA^pvrif; ^^, Tavra eyia d7rayye'K& fiacCKet Koi 
vfiiv TrdXiv rd irap iKeivov fJLe')^v S' av iye> ffKa ou' 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK n. CHAP. in. — IF. 4:7 

&wovSal fievovTtov* arfopkv Sk ^fiek irapi^ofiev, xal 25 
ek fiev T^v varepalav ovx ^fcep' &<t0* ol '^EXKtjve: 
i<l>p6vTc^ov T§ Bk rpiTTf iJKODV i\ey€v, on SuvrreTTpOr 
yfiivo^ ij/coc iraph fiacrCKka}^ Sodrjvai avT& ad^eiv Toif^ 
"EXkn]va<:, /calirep irdvv iroW&v avriT^yovroDV, ©9 ovfc 
d^cov etri ficuriKei d<f>€iva^ tou9 e^' iavrov oTpaTevaor 
fjL€Vov<:. Ti\jo<; Bk ehre, koX vvv e^eariv vfuv 7rttrT^26 
XafieXv Trap ^fi&v fj fiffv <f)c\lav irapi^etv v/uv ttjv 
X^P^v f^oX a£6\€i>9 dird^eiv 6t9 rrjv 'EWdBa arfopkv 
'rrap^ovra^* oirov B^ av fiff '^ wpUurdai, Tutfifidveiv 
vfia<; ix t^9 X^P^^ ida-ofiep rk iiriTi^Beui. vfia<: 8' 27 
ai fjfiiv Beqaev ofjuoaai ^ firjv iropeveaOai &<; Bih (fxXla^ 
da-itfti}'^ trtra /cal ttotu, Xafifidvovra^, oirorav /iff dr/opdv 
TTO^iX^P^^' ^ St' 7rapexo>fiev dr/opdv, a)vovfi€vov^ l^eiv 
ri iwiT^Seta. ravra eBo^e, koI &fio<rav koI B€^ck^28 
eSoaap Tii7tTa^€pp7i<} /cat 6 t^9 ^aaCKita^ ywaiKo^; 
aSeX^o? TOt? rmv 'EKKi^vav aTpa'n]yoi<; xal Xoxoyol^i 
ical IXajSov wapa tq>i/ ' ETCKi^vcov. fierd Be ravra Tier- 29 
aa^epvT]^ ctwe, Nvv fiev B^ aireific m ^axrCKea' ewetr 
Sav £e Stair pd^a>fjLat a Biofuu, ri^co avaKevaa'dfievo^ w 
dird^tov vfm^ ee? r^y ^EKKdZa /cal avr6<; dirvibv ewX 
T^j/ ifiavTOV dpxv^- 

Mer^ ravra i^epUfievov Ti<raa><f>ipvrjv ol re '^EX- 4 
Xtjv^ Kal ^Apiatot; ir/yifq dWi]\(ov earparoweBevpLkvov 
-tj^pa^ TrX^iOVi 7} etfcoa-tv. iv Bk raihai^ d<f>i/cpovvrav 
irpb<; ^Apuuov Kal ol oBeXxfyol xal oi dXKot dvarfKoloi, 
Kal 7rpb<: roif^ avp eKeivtp Hepa&v rive^ wapeddppvvov 
re Kal Be^icL<: evioc rrapd fiaaiXeo)^ e<f>€pov firj fij/rjo'CKa' 
Kqaeiv ^aciXia avroh t^9 a-vv Kvptp hnarparela^ 
firjBe aXXov pntiBevos r&v irapcpx^pAvcDV. rodrayv Bk 2 
yuyvofiivayv evBrjXoc fjaav ol irepl ^Aptalov fjrrov Trpoc- 
i^ovres rol<; ^^EXXtjcv rov vovv, Hare Kal Bik rovro 
T0?9 fiev 7ro\Xot9 r&v 'EXXijveov ovk ijpeaKov, dXXk 
rrpocrt6vre<; r^ RXedpxip eXeyov Kal roi<; aXXjoi<; arpor . 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 


3 rrjyoi<:, Ti /jLh/ofiev ; fj om iTnardfieOa, Src /ScLaiXei^ 
rjfia^ diroXiacu &v irepl iravrbf; irovfjaaiTOf Xva koX toI^ . 
aXXo«9 "EXKriai <j)6fio<; y iirl ^aaCKia {le^av <rTpar- 
T€V€LV ; Kol vvv fih/ fffioM xnrwyeTcu /Jbh/eiv Bih to S^- 
(nrdpdac airr^ to arpdrevfia' hrrjv hk irdXcv aXurO^ 
avTtp 17 oTparid, ovtc iariv oir(o<; ovk einOijaercu ^/ui/. 

4 K0*Q>9 Bi irov fi diroa'Kd'7rT€i t* ^ aTrorctj^/fe*, c&9 airopo^ 
if 17 6S6^, ov ydp TTore €iC(ov ye fiovKi^a-erai rijia^ 
ikOovra^ ek rrjv ^EKKdZa dirarf^eiKcu, ©9 rifiel^ roaolZe 
Ji/re? ivcK&fi€v top ^acrCKea hrX raZ^ ^vpat^ ainov koX 

^ KOTorfeKda'avTei dirrjhJdofieif, EXeapj(p<: Sk dire/cplvaTo 
T0?9 ravra 7<4fyov(nv, ^Eyo) ivOvfioOfiac fih/ ical ravra 
irdvra' €wo& S' on, el vvv airifiev, Bo^ofiev iirl iro- 
Xkfup dirievac koX iraph riis <nrovBh<; irovelv, hretra 
irp&Tov fikv drfophv ovZe\<; irapi^ec ^/ilv ovBk oBev eirir 
a-iTLOvfieda' aidL<; Bk 6 ^yrjcrofievo*; ovBeU (i<na4,* koX 
cifjba ravra wocovvroDV '^fju&v €v0if<; ^Aputio^ dff>e(rn]^€c* 
&(JT€ ^/\o9 '^fiiv ovBeU XeXelyfrerac, aXXh /cal ol irpo- 

6 aOev 6vre<i TToXifiioi rifiiv eaovrat, 7rora/i6<; S' el fiiv 
TA9 /cal a\Xo9 dpa fjfilv iarrv Biafiario<; ovk olBa* rov 
8' oiv Ev<l)pdTr)v oiBafiev on oBvvarov Biafirjva^ kg}- 
Xvovrcov iroXefJblcjv. oif fikv Bi], hv fidyeadal ye Bifj, 
Imrel^ eUriv rjpZv ^vfifiaypv, r&v Bk woXefilfov iTnreZi: 
elaiv ol TrXeiarov xal TrXeiarov a^iov &are vi/e&vre^ 
jxev rlva av aTroKreivaifiev ; r/rroyfiivayv Bk ovBeva otov 

7 re aayOrjvai, iyoD fiev oiv fiacrtXia, ^ ovro) iroXkd 
eoTC rh avfifiaya, etirep TrpoOvfieira^ ff^JM^ diroXetrai, 
OVK olBa o, ri . Bel avrov ofiSaai Kal Be^ul,v Bovvcu 
Kai Seov^ iircopKrja'av Kal ret, eavrov irurrh iirurra 
iroirja-a^ ''EWrjarl re Kal ^ap^dpoi^, roiavra ttoXX^ 

8 *Ev Bk Tovrtp fjKe Tc{r(ra^€pvf}fs expv tt^v eavrov 
Bvvafiiv (09 €49 oIkop &7na)v Kal *0p6vra^ rrjv eavrov 
BvvafLiv fjiye Bk Kal trjv Bvyaripa rijv PaaCKew^ hr\ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK n. cHAPi rv. 49 

r^diup, ivTCvdev Bk ijSff Tiaaa(f)€pvov^ fjyoviitvov koI 9 
arfopav 7rape')(pvT0^ hropevomo' eiropevero Bk xal 
*Apuuo<; TO Kvpov ^ap^aptKov e%Q)i/ arpdrevfia dfia 
TiaaoA^epvei, koI ^Opovra koI ^vvearpaToireBevero auv 
iKeivoi<;, ol Be '^EXXr)ve^ v(f)op&vT€<; Tovrovf: avrol i<}} 10 
iavT&v i')(pi>povv '^ycfiova^ e^^oirrev. iarpaTOTreBevovro 
Sk kKooTOTe a7r€%oin-€9 oKXrikxov Trapaaarffqv koI 
fjuetov e<i>vSATT0VT0 Bk dfitfyorepov &<rrr€p irdX^filov^ 
aKKrjkov*;, xal evOv^ tovto xnro^lav irapelx^v* eviore 11 
Se iccLi ^vlu^QjJLevot Ik rod avrov kclI 'xpprov koX aXKa 
Toiavra ^vXkiyovTe^ TrXriya^ ivereivov aXKrjkois;' &aT€ 
Kal TQVTO €')(dpaif irap€l')(e, BieKBovTe^; Be rpei^ <rrar 12 
Bfxov^ utf>(icoirro TTpa^ to MrjBla*; KoXovfievov Telj(p^> 
Kai wapTJXOou ettrta avrov. ^v Be ^KoBofir)fi€VOV ttXIv' 
ffoi^ oTTTat^ ip da-fpdXrti) /ceifievai^;, edpo^ eXxottv iroB&v, 
m^Q^ Si ixarop' fiiJKOi; S' ikeryero elvav elicoav irapor 
G-WYimv diri^ei Bk Ba^vhj&vo^; ov irdkv, ivrevdep 13 
S' iirop€v67}(Tav trraOp^ov^: Bvo, irapaadrf^a^ okto)' 
Afcti St€07}(Tav Biaypv)(a^ Bvo, rffv fikv iirl fy€<f>vpa(^, 
T^v S* i^€VjfLevf}p 7rXo/ot9 hrrd' airat, S* ^aav dirb 
Tou T{rypf}To^ irorafLov* KarcreTfj/rfVTO Bk i^ avr&v 
xal To^poi iwl T7]v -)((!> pav, at fiev Trp&rai fieydr 
Xat, eweira S' iXdrrov^' t€\o9 Bk kclI fiifcpol o'yerol, 
mairep €p t§ 'EXKdBi iirl rd^ fiekiva^' /cat d<f)LKvovv- 
rai eirl rov T(rfpi}ra TroTafwv tt/jo? c5 ttoX^? ^v jie- 
ydXTf fcal TToXvavSprnTTo^, ^ ovofia JStrrdKi], direypvaa 
Tov wora^ov aTa£iOV^ TrevreKalSe/ca. ol fiev oiv ^'EX- 14 
X7}ve% irap avTTjv itric^vTja'av iyyv<: irapdBelo'ov /jieydXov 
/cat KaXov kclI Baaeo^ iravTolcav BivBpcop,. ol Bk ^dp- 
fiapov Bca^e^TjKore^: top Tlyprjra' ov fjuiprov KaTa(f>ar 
vel^ fjaap, fierd Be to Behrpop erxyxpp ip irepnrdr^ 16 
oi/T€9 irpo T&p oirXcop IIp6^€P0<; xal Sepoify&P' Kal 
irpoaeXBiap apOpeoiro^; ti9 rjpdi)Tqa'e rov^ irpo^vXaKa^, 
irov &p iBoL Upo^epop fj EXeap'Xpp* MepcDpa Bk ovk 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

50 xbnophon's anabasis. 

i^i^ei, KOI ravra irap *Apuuov &v rod Mipcsvo^ ^hov. 

16 hrel S^ IIpi^eiHi^ ehrep, ori a\n6<; elfu hv ^€&, ehrev 
6 avOpayiro^ rdSe. "JBttc/a'^ fie *Apuuo9 koI ^Aprdo- 
(Jb9, tnoTol 6vT€^ Kvp<p koI vpZv dpoh xal KeKevovci 
^vkdrreo'dcu, firj vpZv hrlBei)VTa4, Trj<; wkt6<; ol fidp- 
fiapoi* loTi Sk arpdrevfia iroKb ev r^ irXtjalov irapa- 

XlieUrtp. icaX hrl rffv yi<l)Vpav rov Tlypr/ro^ irorafioO 
irifi'^^iu KeKevovai ^vTsjaicrpf, &^ BiavoetTOi avr^v 'XSo'ac 
Ti^aaAf>ipvri^ rrj^ wkt6<;, Olv Svin^rcu, c&9 fif) huifirfre, 
aSX iv pA(T<p a'jro\/i]<l)0rJT€ rov iroTa/iov /cal t^ Bua- 

IS pvxo^» oKowravre^ ravra ar/ov<nv airov iraph rov 
E^Kiapxov xal ^pdfyvcrtv h Xiyei. 6 ik EXeapyp^ 

lOa^ovcra? irapdxOv o'<l)6Spa leal i^Peh-o. veavla/co^ 
Si r^9 T&v wapovTOiV ewo^tra^ elirev, <09 ovtc cucoKovOa 
eJij TO T€ hridijaeardai teal Xvcrecv Tr^v ye^vpav. hrjKov 
yhp or* hrvTiBephfov^s fj vi/cav B€i]<r€i fj ^rraa-Oeu. 
ihv fih/ oiv viK&ari, ri Bel avroif^ Xveiv t))p yi^vpau ; 
ovBi ydp, &v iroXXal yi^vptu &(nv, ^oifiev &v Sirot 

20 <l>vy6vTe^ "/jfieU cwd&fiev. ihv Bk r/fieU vtK&fiev, XcXu- 
P'ipi]^ T^ ye<l>vpa^ ovx ^^ovarcv ixetvoc ottoi ^vymcriv 
ovBk fLfjv fioff0rj<rai iroXK&v Svto)v iripav ovBel^ airov; 

21 Bvvri<reTa4, XeXvfiivi]^ t^ ye^vpa<;, oKovaa^ Bk 6 
KXiapxos ravra TJpero rov a^eXov, wocfj ri^ eiq 
X^pO' 'h ^v pA<T<p rov Tiypr}ro^ kal rr]<; Bmpvxo^* o Bk 
cIttcp, on woXK^ koL K&fuu Sveuri, koX iroKei^ iroXKal 

22 teal fieydKai. rore B^ teal ^yvaxrOf}, or* oi fidpjSapoi 
rov avOpwrrov vrroirifi'^aiev, ofcvovvre^ fiff oi ''EXKrjve^ 
Bt^Xovre^ rijv yi^vpav pAvoiev iv rg vri<r(p ipvp^ra 
^oin-€9 lv0€v fihf rov Tkipqra^ IvOev Bk rt^v Bid>pvx^ 
ret, 8* eircnjBeui l)(pL€V ix t§9 iv pAcrtp %<3Spa9 iroKKiq^ 
Kal dfyaOrj^ ov(rr)9 fcal r&v ipyaaopAva)V ivovrmv, elra 
Bk /cal a'n'o<rrpo^ yivoiro, el ti9 fioiXoiro fia^a-iXia 

83#ca#c&9 iroi^etv* fiera ravra aveiraiovro* iirl fikvroy 
rffv yi<f>vpav SfKo^ ^vXa/etjv hrep^^v /cat ovre irrWero 


by Google 

BOOK n. OHAF. IV. 51 

ovSek ovSafi60€v aure irp^ rijp yiifwpav oifSeU fjKde 
T&v TToXefLioDV, w ol <f>v7idTT0VT€^ aiTijyyeXXap. iireiSifZi 
S' |fi>9 iyivero, Biifiaivov rrjv yi(f>vpav i^et^yfUinjv irKolr 
ov; TpLcucovra /col einh &^ otov re /juiXurra ire^vTuxr 
7/i€j/G)9' i^ijyyeXXov ydp rive^ r&v iraph Ttaaa^pvov^ 

oXXA ravra fikv ^^evSij Ijv hu^aivovrov fihrroc 6 
r\ov^ avTOC<: ejr€<l>dvrf fier aX\j(ov ckott&v, el hior 
fialvoiev Tov irorafiov hreiZii Zi elSep, ^ero dire- 

^Airo hk TOV Tiypr)TO^ iwopevdrjcav oraO/ioif^ tIt- 25 
Topa^, irapaadrfya^ ecKoa-cv, iirl tov ^va/eov 'jrorafiSv, 
TO eiJ/jo? wKkdpov' hrfjv Bk f^e^vpa. kclL hnavda ^Keiro 
iroKi^; fieydXr], rf Svofia '^Sliri^* tt/do? fjp dm^imjo'e Tot^ 
^EKKfiaw 6 Kvpov teal ^A'pTo^p^ov v66o^ dS€\(f>b<: dirb 
Sovacov teal ^E/efiaToiHov orpaTi^v iroXK^v a/ycf>v C09 
/3orf6ija'(ov fiaaCKei* icaX iTnanjcra^ to iaxnov OTpd- 
T€Vfia 7rap€pxofiipov<; Toir$ '^EXKijva^ ideoapet. 6 8^26 
KXiapxo9 fjyeiTo fihf efe hvo, hropevero Sk aWoTC teal 
aXKoTe i<j>c<rTdfi€vo^. ocrov Bk [&v] 'xpovov to rffov- 
yueifov ToO aTpaTevfiaTO^ iirurrriaeie, Toaovrov fpf 
dvdrficvi 'xpovov Bi* oKov tov OTpaTevfiaro^i ylrfveaBa^, 
Tiiv hrloToaaf* wcrre to OTpdTCV/ia teal avToi<; toU 
"EKKviat B6^a4, irdprnoKv elvod,, Kal tov Uipai^v itare- 
Tr\rjf)(6aL l^ewpovvTO^ hnevOev Bk iiropevOrjaav S^27 
TTJ^ MrfBla^ (TTuBfioif^ ipTjfiov^ If, irapaadrffa^ Tpuir 
teovra, eh ra9 Uapva-dTiBo^ Ka>fia<; ttj^ Kvpov teal 
fia/rCKko)^ fifjTp6<:. toOto^ Tca-a-a^ipvrj^ Kvptp iirey- 
yeX&v Btapirda'a^ T0J9 ''EXKijcriv iiriTpeyfre 7r\7)V dvBpor 
ttSBcov, ivrjv Bk aiTO^ iroXif^ teal irpo^aTa Kal a\Xa28 
XP^p^TO^ evTevOev 8' iiropeidfjcrav araSfioif^ ipi]p^v<; 
TiTTapa,^;, wapaad/yya^: eiKoai, tov TiyprfTa iroTapiiV 
ev dpvoTepq, expvT€<:. iv Bk t^ irpdyr^ araOp,^ iripav 
TOV irorafiov iroki,^ tpxelTO fier/d\f) teal evBalp^v 8vop^ 


by Google 

62 zenophon's anabasis. 

Kcuvai, i^ ^ oi fidpfiapov Bifjyop cttI o^£Suu9 &^de- 
piva4,<: apTov^, rvpov^^ olvov, 
5 M €tA ravra dcfyc/cvovprai eirl rov Zairdrav irorrcu- 
yJiVj TO €S/)09 rendpwv if\A6p(dv. /cal ivravOa efieivav 
rifiApa^ rpel^ • iv hk ravrcu'^ viro^Uu fih ^aav, ^veph 

2 Bk ovSefila iiJMlvero hri^ovkri. eBo^ oiv r^ K>i/edp^<^ 
^vyyepiirOoL t^S T^traa^pvec /cat el ir<o<: Bvvcuto ttoO- 
acu tA? inroy^la<;, irplv ef avr&v iroXe/iov yeviaOai' 
zeal eircfLy^i riva ipovpra, ore ^vyyepiaOcu ainS xpijfe^. 

3 6 8^ irolfjuo^ iKeXevep ^xecv, iireiB^ Be ^vvrj\0ov, X&yet 
6 EXkapxo^ rdBe. 'JBycS, & Turcra^pvrj, olBa fiev ripiv 
opieov^ yery€vrffiivov<: teal Be^t^<: BeBofieva^; firj oBiK'^o'eiv 
aXX^Kov^' ^vKoLTTOfievov Bk ae re 6p& w^ iroXefiiov^ 

4 i7/ia9 fcal fjfiel^; 6p&VTe<; ravra dvrc^vXarrofieOa. CTrel 
Bk (T/coTT&v ov Biva^iiai, ovre ak aXaOeaOa^, ,7reipwfi€iH)v 
fifia<; KaKW iroveiv, eyce) re aa,^>m olBa, on ri^l<; ye 
ovB* emvoovfJLev rocovrov ovBiv, IBo^i fwc eh T^ov^ 
aoi eKJBelv, O7ro>9> el BwaifjLeOa, i^iXaifiev aXX'^Xav rrjv 

5 dinarlav, /cal yhp olBa dvOpdmov^ rjBi] roih; fihf iic 
Buifio\7)^, roif^ Be teal i^ xnro^Uvi 6i <f}ofif)0evre<; oXXif- 
Xov9, ^Ocurai fiovkSfievoc irplv ira^elv, eirobjo'av dvij- 
Keara tcaxci roin: ovre /MeXKovra<; ovr aS fiovkofievov*; 

6 roiourov ovBiv, rh^ oiv roiavra<: arfvtojjboavva^ vofiir 
^CDV avvovaia^^ /j^Xurra &v TraveaBai, rj/ea> atoI BiBdr 
(TKeiv ae fiovKo/KU, (o? aif fipSv ovk opBw dirurre'h. 

7 wp&rov fih/ yhp /cal fieyiarov oi ^&v fifia^ opKOi 
Kccikvovcrc iroKefilov^ elvat aWijXot?* oart^ Bk rovrtav 
(TVVocBev avr& iraprifieXviicw^y rovrov eyo) ovttot &v 
evBaifiovlaaific. rov yhp Se&v iroXjefiov ovk otBa ovr 
wiro wolov &v rdxov<; ^evycov rt? dwo<l>vyoi ovr eh 
irotov &v cKoro*; diroBpair} ovO^ 07ra>9 liv eh iyypov 
^GDplov diroaraifj. irdvTQ ydp irdvra roh •J€o?9 inroj(a 

8 KoX iravray^ irdvrtov Xaov oi ^eol Kparovai, irepl fihf 
Bii r&v Se&v re koL r&v Sp/co>v ovrca yiyvwa/co), rrao 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK n. GHAP. T. 68 

oU rjiieh rifv ^CKlcof avp6i/JL€Voi KareOifieOa* t&p S* 
av0poyirivcf>v ai iya> iv ro) irap6vTt POfil^a> fiSyurrov 
elvac '^filv arfoJOov. aiiv fiku yhp aol wcUra fiev'^So^ 9 
evTTopo^y ira^ Be irora/io^ hutfiaro^, t&v re hrLTqheUov 
ovK oTTopia' avev Sk aov ircUra fiev S*A axorov^ 17 oSo9* 
ovSh yhp auT^9 iTnardfieOa* ira^ Zk irorapM Zvairo- 
p<yi, 7ra9 8k o'xXo<: (fyo^epS^;, (fyofiepdnarov S* iprjfjbla' 
fiecrr^ yhp ttoW?}? diropia^: iarlv. el Bk B^ koI fia- 10 
vivre^ ae KoraKTelvcufieVi aXKo ri hv fi rov evepyirfjv 
icaTaKTeivavre<; irpo<; ficuriKea rov fiSyioTov l^Spov 
drytovi^oifjLeOa ; oaroDV Bk Srj Kal oUav hv iKir&csv ifiav- 
rov arepiiaaifii, el ai tl Ka/cbv iinx^ipijarcufic iroielVi 
ravra Xi^o. eyo) ycLp Kvpov iireOvfirjad fioi ^tXjovll 
yeveo'daif vofil^tov r&v rore l/cavdyraTov elvav eS iroi^lv 
hv fiovXaiTO' ak 8h vvv 6p& Tqv re Kvpov Bvvafuv 
teal' %(o/)ai/ expvra kclL rr^v aeavrov apxv^ <ra>^ovra, 
rrjv Sk fiaa-CKko)^ Svva/iiv, § Kvpo<; irdKefiia i'xprfro, 
aoX ravrrjv ^vfifia^ov oiaav* rovrtov Bk roiovrtov 12 
Svrcov rk oira fialverai o<m^ ov ^ovXeral aoi ^Ir 
X09 elvai ; dXKd fi^v ip& yhp Kal ravra, i^ &v 
e^o) ^7r^9 Kal ak fiovkrjaeaOat, ^[\ov fipZv elvav* 
olSa fikv yhp vfuv Mv(roif<$ \v7n]poif<; Svra<;, ob^ 13 
vofil^to &v aifv rg wapovtrp Bwdfiei raweivoif^ vfuv 
7rapa<rx€iv, olBa Bk Kal HuxlBa^' oKovfo Bk kcCL oKKa 
idvff woWd rouivra elvai, h olfiav &v iravaa4, iv- 
<y)(Kovvra del rfj vfieripa eifBavfiovla. AlyvTrrlov^ Be, 
oh fidXurra vfia^ vvv ytrfvoiaKO) redvfuofiivov^, ovx 
6p& rrola Bwdfiev avfifidjdip ')(p7}a'dfJL€V0L fiaXKov &v 
KoXda-aurOe rrj<; vvv avv i/iol ov<rrj^. dXKd fiffv iv ye 14 
T0Z9 'rrepi^ oIkovo-c aif el fikv fiovXoto r^ ^/Xo9 elvac, 
C&9 fiiyta-rof; &v eirj<;, el Bi rk ce \v7roi7], (»9 Be<nr6rr}<; 
dvaaTpi<j>oio e%G)i/ ^/^9 vwripira^, oX aoi, ovk &v rov 
fiurOov SveKa fiovov vwqperolfiev, oKKd koX t^9 x^^'^^^ 
^ acodivre^ vrro aov col &v exoifiev BiKaio)^. i/iol fihf 15 


by Google 


B^ ravra irdvra ivdv/iovfiivq> ovtq> SokcI l^avfuzarop 
elvcu TO crk fifitv airurreiv, &<rr€ koX t^Butt &v axoih 
aoifit, TO Svofia, tI<: ©{Jto)? iarl Beivo^ X^eiv &aT€ ae 
ireto'cu "Kiymv, (09 ^/^79 coc iTrifiovXevofiev, KKiap- 
%09 fiev oSv Toa-avTa elire* T^raa^pvri^ hi wSe arni- 


16 ^AkX ^Sofuu fih/, & KXAafy)(€s cucovtov aov ^povl- 
fiov^ \070v9* Taxrra f^ap ^vfini>a§co>v el tv i/iol kokov 
fiov\6voi<:, &fia av fwi So/C€2<: koI aavr^ KaK6voij<$ elveu. 
(09 h^ iiv pA8ri<;, oTi ovS^ av vfkeh iiKaUi><; oire ficurir^ 

17\eJ ovT ifiol ann<rroiriT€y amdKovaov. el yhp vfia^ 
ifiovKo/jLeOa dm-oTUa-ai, iroTepd aov BoKovfiev hnri(ov 
ifKr^Oov^ diropelv fj ire^&v ^ OTrXUreoi^, ep ^ vfia^ fikp 
pKdiTTeiv Uavol etijfiep av, avrnrdaxeiv Sk ovSeU kIv- 

18 hwo^ ; oKSh 'xoi>ploi>v hrvTqZeUov vfuv hriTlBeaOav 
airopelv av aov BoKovfiev ; ov Toaavra /ikv ireZia fijiiv 
<f}C}ua ovTa aifv iroXK^ irovKp SvaTropeveaOe, Toaavra Si 
Sprj vfuv op&Te Svra iropevTia, & ripZv l^eari irpoKaTOr- 
Xafiovavv airopa vpZv wapix^tv, Toaovrov 8* elal ttotot 
fwl €^' &v e^eaTiv fifiiv TafueveaOai oiroaoi^ &v vp&v 
fiovKoffjueOa /Jbd^eaOai ; elal 8' avr&v 0&9 ovS* &v 
iravrdiraai StafialrjTe, el fiff riiiel^ vfia<; Suvn-opevoifiev, 

19 el S* iv waai toi6toi^ 7iTTd>iie0a, aXAA t6 yi toc irvp 
KpevTTov Tov Kaprrov iariv* ov fip^l^ Bvpalfied* 6v 
/eaTa/cavaavT€<; \ifi6v v/tZi/ avriTd^av, ^ vfieh ovS*, 

20 el irdw drfoBoX eh^re, pA^eaOav &v SvvaM-0e. 7ra)9 
&v oiv Sxovre^ ToaovTOV9 irSpov^ irpo^ to vfuv TroXe- 
fietv, teal tovtwv p/qhkva rjfuv hruclvSwov, hrevTa e/e 
TovTtov irdvTODV TOVTOV &v TOV TpoTTov i^eXolfjieOa S9 
fi6vo<; fiev irpo^ Se&v dae^ij<i, fi6vo<; Bk irpo^ dvdpcuTrcov 

21 alaj(p6<: ; iravTdiraav hk diropcov earl koI dfirixavtav 
KciX dvdr^KTi e)(pfiivo>v, xal tovtodv irovrip&v, oXTVve^ eOi' 
"Kovac 8i^ iiriopKla^ re 7rpo9 ^oif^ koI dnrvaTlxv; irpo^ 
dvOpayirov^; irpdirevv tu ovx o{5Ta)9 ^/lev^, 5 KsAapx^» 


by Google 

BOOK n. OHAF. V. 56 

ovT€ oKoyioToc ovT€ ffKlBiol iarfiep. oXX^ rl S^ v/ta9 22 
i^ov airoXkaat, ovk iirl tovto i}\0ofvep ; cS tcOc on 6 
€)X09 e/3a>9 TovTOv aXrio^ rov T0Z9 "EXXtjaiv ifik ttuttov 
yepiadcu, Kal ^ Kvpo<s avi^ ^evuc^ hiib fJLurOoSoa-ia^ 
irunevtoVi rovrt^ ifik KaTofirjvai Bi* evefrfearlas lo^X^ 
pop, 6(ra Bi jibi vfiei^: ^xpijac/ioi laearOe r^ fikv leal 23 
<n> ehra^;, to Bk ii^kptov ^o) oKa- rrjip fikv yhp iirl 
tS KCifyaky rulpav PaaCKei fiowp i^OTiv opOfjv e^ew, 
TTjv S' hrl T§ leapBla ?(ra)9 &v vfi&v irap6vT(ov koI 

ft'€/)09 eUTTCTW ^XOt. 

Tavra elircbv ^o^e r^ EXeipxfp ^CKtiOri yJrf€iv*2i 
Kal elirevy Oy/coijy, etfyrj, oinve: tomvtcov fifilv eh <l>tr 
\iav virapxpvroiv Treip&vrcu ButfioKKovre^ 'jroitja-cu 
iro^efilov^; fifia<; a^ioi elcc tA l<rj(aTa TraOeXv ; Euil 25 
eyo) fiiv ye, l(fnj 6 Turcra^pvri<;, el fiovKecrOe [wi 0% re 
OTpaTTjyol Kal oi TsxyxarfoX e\0eiv, ev r^ ifi^vel TsA^to 
Tot'9 7rpo9 ifik 7<4fyovTas cb9 a-v ifiol en-cfiovXevei^ xal 
T§ avp ifiol OTparv^. ^Eyo) Be, l^<fyq 6 KsAapyp^i, a^to 26 
irdvra/i, Kal aol ai Bi]Kooao) oOev iya> irepl aov aKovoD. 
€K TOVTODV Bi) T&v 7i6y<DV 6 Tiaaa^pvri^ ^tKo<f)povoih27 
fievo<; Tore fiev pAvetv re avrov eKiXevae Kot avvBeir 
irvov iTTot'qa'aTo. ry Bk vtrrepaia 6 KXAap^o^ eSJdwip 
hrl TO arparoireBov 8^X09 r' fjv irdw ^c\iK&<; olo- 
fjL€vo<; Buucela-Oav toS Tura-a^pvec Kal & SXeryep iKelvo^ 
airijyyeXKev, e^ re 'XpTjvai levai iraph Tcara'a<f>ipV7jv 
009 eKeXeva-e, Kal ot &v ekerfx^^^^ BtafidXKovre^ r&v 
'EXKijva>v, e&9 TrpoBora^ avrov<: Kal KaKovov^ rol^ "EXr 
Xrjauv ovTO^ TipxopqOrjvau inrdnrreve Bk elvai, rhv Butr 28 
ffaXKovra' Mevayva, elBa)<: avrov Kal avyyeyevrffiipov 
Ttcraa^epvet, /act' ^Apialov Kal (rrcund^ovra avnp koX 
eTTC^ovXevovra, 07rG)9 to arpdrevfia dirav 'irpo<; eavTov 
XafiQ}V <f}l\o<; y Tiaaa^kpvet. i^ovKero Be Kal o29 
KXiapxo^ dirav to arpdrevfia irpo^ eaxnov e)(€cv r^v 
yv(0fi7)v KoX T0V9 irapakuTrovma<i eKiroBiav ehac. t&v 


by Google 

56 xenofhon'b anabasis. 

Sk arpaTUOT&v avriXeyov tiv€9 airr^ firj livcu TrdvToq 
T0U9 \oxo^ov9 KoX aTparriyoiff; fJojBk Tnareveiv Tvcraor 

30 ^ipvei. 6 Bh EXeapxo^ la")(yp&($ Karireivev, ecnje S^- 
irpd^aTO irivre fiev orpaTrf^foif^ iivai, elKoai he T^jcyxor- 
70U9 • <Tyvi]Ko\ovd7)<rav Se ci? eh dr^ophv /cal r&v aXKqav 
arparuiT&v C09 huiKoawit 

31 'JBTrel hk fjaav eirl rai^ ^vpaL<; rak Tiaaa^pvovi, 
oi fiev oTparriyol irapeicKridriaav etao), Upo^evo^ 3ot^ 
Tto^i Mevoi)v 0eTTa\o9, *Ayia^ ^Apxa^, EXkap^p^ Aa- 
Kcov, Xtotcpdrri^ ^Axaio^* ol hi '\xy)(arfol eirl l^vpcu^ 

32 €fJL€vov. ov TToXXcS Sk wTcpov anro rov avrov atffjLelov 
oi t' hfhov ^weXa/M^dvovTO /cal oi e^o) Kare/coirTja'av. ' 
fiera hk ravra t&v fiap^dpav Tive<: imretav hvcL rov 
irehlov i\avvovT€<; <Srtvc ivrvfyx'^^^^^ ^EXXrjvi ij hovK^ 

33 fj ikev0ep<p irdvra^ S/creivov. ol hk "EXXrjvef: njv re 
imraaiav avr&v idavfiafyv iic rov OTpaTOTriSov op&v- 
T€9 Koi o, Tt iiroiow '^fnfyeypoow, irpXv Nlxapxp^ ^Ap- 
Kct^ fixe ^vycov rerp&fiivo^ eh T7)v fyaoTipa koI ret, 
evrepa iv rah xepcxli/ €xo>v, xal ehre irdvra rh yeyevif- 

34 fiiva. eK tovtov Bt) ol '^EXKrjvef; edeov .hrl tA oifh/i 
irdvre^ iKTreirKTjy/iivoi xal vofil^ovre^ avrlica ri^iv 

25 avToif<; iirl to (rrparoTrehov. ol hk irdme^ fiev ov/c 
^\0ov, ^Apuiiof; hk koX ^Aprdo^o*; koX MtOpiSdn]*:, oi 
7i<rav Kvptp Tria-ToraToi • o Bk r&v ^EXKriv(ov ipfj/rfvev^: 
€^ Koi TOP Tiaaof^pvov^ c£eK^ov (rim avroh opav 
Kai yi/yvcoaKetv ^wtjkoXovOovv Bk Koi aXKot Hepa&v 

36 TedcopaKicfievov eh rpuLKoaiov^, otrroL iirel iyyin: 
fiaav, irpoaekOelv i/ceKevov et ta9 ecTj r&v 'EWijvoav fj 
aTpaT7jyb<; ^ \oxarf6<;, iva d7ra/yyeiXoi>ai rh irapa fiaa-ir- 

37 X€a>9. fierh ravra e^rjkOov ^vkarro/ievoL r&v ^EXK-q- 
vtov OTparrjyol /lev EXedpcop ^Opxo/J'ivio<; Kal SoifniC' 
vero^ Srv/Jb<f>d\LO(;, ^ijv avroh Bk Sevo<f>a>v ^A0r)valo<;, 
07ra)9 /idOot, ra irepl Upo^evov Xei>piao<f>o^ S' ervyxf^ 
vev aira>v iv Kcofir^ rtvl ^vv oKKoi^ iiriaiTi^ofievo^;, 


by Google 

BOOK n. CHAP. V. — Yh 61 

hrel Si iarriarav eh hni/coop, ehrev *Apidio9 rdSe^dS 
KKeapXo<; fiev, & avSpe^ ^'EXKrjve^, iird hriopic&v re 
inftdvri zeal tA? (rjrovBiL<; \v€ov, ^ei rifv SUijv koX re- 
0vr)tc€, Ilpo^evo^ Bk /cal Mkvwv, ori icanjyyeLKav avrov 
TTjv hrt^ovXriv, iv fieydXrj r^i^ elctv, vfia^ Sk [6] 
PaaCKeif<; rh SifKa wiravrel* avrov yhp elval ^criv, 
hrehrep Kvpov fja-av rov ixeivov SovXov. irpb^ ravra 39 
aireicplvavTO oi '^EKKtfve^, iKeye Sk EXedifcop 6 ^Op^o- 
lievio^' ^Sl /cdKurre avdpdyirwv *Apuu^ koI oi aXKoi, 
oaot fjre Kvpov <f}C\oc, ovtc aUryyveaOe ovre Seoif^ oiir 
avOpayirov^;, oXnve^ ofioa-avre; fjpZv roif^ axnovs <\)Ckov^ 
KoX exOpoxf^ voficeiv, irpoSovre^ i7/ta9 ow TiAraa^pvei 
r& adecoTdrtp re Kal TravovpyoTdrtp rov^ re avSpa^ 
avToif^ oh &fivm€ (B9 dvoXtoKiKaTe teal roif^ aTO^v^ 
fifjkci^ irpoSeSaoKore; ^ifv roh iroXefilot^ i<f>^ fifia^ ^PX^ 
a0€. 6 Bi ^Apuilo^ elire, KKkapj(p<; yhp irpoaOev iwtr 40 
fiov7{£va>v ^V€pb<; iyevero Ticraa<f>ipv€i re /cat ^OpoPTa, 
Kal TToaiv Tijilv Toh ^ifv TovToi<;. hrl rovroi^ Sex^o-il 
f^Av rdBe ehre, KKiap^o^ fihf rolwv el iraph rob^ 
opKOV^ eXve Tct<: airovBd^, rijv BIktjv exec • Blicau>v yhp 
cmoKKvadat, tou? eiriopKovvTa^' Upo^epo^ Bk Kal Me- 
v(ov hreiirep eialv vfierepoc fikv evepyerai, '^/lirepoi 
Bk OTpaTqyol, irep/^are avrov^ Bevpo* Brj7u)P yhp ore 
^iXoi ye 6vre<; dfitf^oripob^ Trecpda-ovrai Kal vpZv Kal 
flpZv rh fiekrioTa ^vfi^ovXeveiv. irpos ravra oi fidp- 42 
fiapoc TToXifv XP^^^^ BidKexjSevre^ d\\i]Xoi^ dirrjXdov 
ovBev dTTOKpivdfievov. 

Oi fiep Brf arparrjyol oUroD \rj<f}0hfre<i awyx^^craj/ 6 
<»9 fiaa-cXAa Kal aTTorp/rfOhrre^; rh^ ice<^\A9 ireXev- 
TTja-av, eU p^hf avr&v EXeapxo^ opxiKoyovpAvto^ eK 
irdvra)V r&v ip/ireipa)^ avrov e^ovrKOV Bo^a^ yeviaOat 
dvr}p Kal TToXep^iKo^ Kal <j>iXo7r6\€p^<; ia^drco^. Kal 2 
yctp Btf ea)9 {ikv iroKepxi^ fjv roh AaKeBacp>ovloi^ irpo^ 
roif^ ^Adrjvaiovf; rrapip^evev, iirel Be elprjvri iyivero^ 


Digitized by LaOOQlC 

58 zenophon's akabasis. 

ireUrw; r^v avrov ir67uv ©9 oi Qpq,ie€^ aSitcovin Tob9 
^EWfjvai /cal Sia/irpa^dfi€vo<: w eZvvaro iraph, t&v 
i<j>6pei>v i^hfkei c&9 iroKefii^aeDV rot<; inrkp Xeppovi^ov 

3 Kal UeplvOov Opa^lv. iirel Bk fiera/yvovre^; iroD^ oi 
i^poi, ffhrj Ifo) 6vT0<; ainov airotrrpk^w avrbv hrei- 
p&vro ef ^IcrOfioO, ivravOa ovtcin, irelBeraVy aSX ^x^^ 

4 ifSAtov eh ^EXKrj<nrovrov. ix tovtov ical iOavaTondrf 
VTTO r&v €v rg S'rrdpTj} reXcij/ e&9 direcO&v, fjSr) Si 
^vyh^ &v ^px^rac irpo^ Kvpov, icdi oirolot.^ fih Xiyoi^ 
eireure Kvpov aXKp yiypavTad,, SiBaxrc Sk avr^ Kvpo^ 

5 fivpiov^ Bapei/cov^* 6 Sk Xafiayv ovk hrl paOvfklav irpa- 
irero, dXX' airo tovtcov t&v 'XptffidTtov avXKi^a^ OTpor 
T€Vfia i7roXifjL€i T0J9 Spa^i, teal fidxO '^^ evlicriae icaX 
airo TOVTOV 8^ i^pe Kal fyye tovtov^ koX iro'XefjL&p 
Bieyhfero p^XP^ Kvpo^ iB€i]0ij tov aTpaT€vpMTo<;* Tore 

6 8^ amrjKJdev cb9 ^vv iicelvfp av 7rd\€fLija'tov, TavTa oJhf 
<l)iKoTroXifJbov fioi, BoKet dvBpb^ epya elvai, oari^; i^v 
fihf elprjvriv Sx^iv avev alayyvri^ Kal pKd^^ aipeiTO^ 
TToXefieiv, i^bv Bk paOvfietv fiovKeTai iroveiv ware 
TToXe/ieiv, i^ov Bk ')(pripMTa i^^^^ dkivBvvo><; alpeiTcu 
vo'Kefi&v fieiova Tarrra iroielv eKelvo^ Bk &(nr€p ek 
TTOriBiKh ^ eh aWrjv Tivct '^Bov^v ifjdeK^ Bairavav eh 

7 woXejiov. ovTG) fiev ^CKoiroKep^o^ ffv* iroXefivKo^; Bk 
aS TavTy iBoKet, ehai, 5tc <f>cKoKivBw6<; re ^v koL 
flpApas; Kal vvkto^: Srfmv irrl tov^ iroXefiiov^; koX ev 
Toh Becvoh <f>p6vi,fios, c5)9 oi irap6vTe<; iravTO/xpv irdirre^ 

8 wfio\6yovv. Kal dp^iKo^ 8* ikeyero elvai «9 BvvaTov 
iK TOV TotovTov TpoTTov, otov Kcucelvos el^^' iKavo^ 
fihf yhp m TC<: koX aXKos ^pomll^eiv fjv, 07ra)9 ^x^^ ^ 
OTpaTih avTfp Tct eiri/rriBeui, koX wapa^Kevd^ecv TavTa, 
iKavo<; Bk Kal ifiTTOLrja'ai to?9 Trapovacv, a>9 Tretariov 

9 etT] KXedpx^. tovto S* eiroiet, ck tov %a\€7ro9 elinw 
KoX ydp opav arvyvo^ fjv koX ttj (fxovy ^Tpaxv^> iKO- 
'\u^€ Te del laxvpm, koI opy^ ivloTe, dy; Kal avr^ 

Digitized' by V3OOQ IC 


fierafiiKeiv itrO^ ire. §caX yvd^iJi/Q S' iiciyM^ev* iucoKir 
fTTOu yitp <rrpaT€VfiaTa^ ovShf rjyeiTO 2^Xo9 ebnu, 
dXKct, kclL Xiyeuf ainhv IffKurav, as Bioi tov arpaTuih 10 
•nyv ^fieiaOcu fiaXKov tov afyxpvra fj tov9 TroXe/JLiov^, 
el /JLeXKov 'fj ^vKcudi^ ^vKa^€w fj ^tKtov a^^trdai, tj 
d*irpo<l>aalaTa>^ Uvcu irpb^ rov^ TToXe/iiov^, hf fih/V 
oiv rot9 iewovi ffi€K(iv avrov cucoveiv <T<f>&Bpa icaX ovk 
oKKjov 'jpovvTO oi OTpari&Tcu' koX ydp to arvyvbv 
t6t6 if>ai^pov avTOv ei/ toU irpoadyiroi^ i^Maav ffMive- 
cr0(u Kol TO ;^aXe7roi' ippoDfUvov irpo^ Toif^ irdKefiiov^ 
iZoKev ehoi, &<rr€ (Tcmrfpiov xal ovxiTi x^iKeirov i^lr 
vero^ ore S' ?fa) tov heivov yivoiVTo xal i^ehf 7rpo^l2 
aXKots apxofJ^ov^ airvhcu, iroXKol axnov airiKenrov 
TO yhp hrlyapi' ovk elxp^» cOOC ael yoKeiro^ i^v §caX 
m^oq * mar^ StiK€ivro 7rpo9 avTOV oi orpaTUJTcu &<nr€p 
iroiSe^ Trpo^ SiSd<rfcaXov. xal yhp oiv ^CKUi fihf KoXlZ 
evifolf hro^hov^ ovhkrroTe eZ^^ei/* oXTivei Sk fj xnro 
TToXeo)? rerofffi^ivot. fj xnro TOV Seurdat fj aXKrj Ttvl 
d.Parfic-0 fcarexofi^voL irapetqaav airr^, o'<l>6Spa iretdo- 
fjbhoi^ i-XpJiro, iircl he ijp^avTO vcKciv ^vv airr^ TOV9l4 
TToXefilovqf jjStj /i€jaKa ijv tA 'xprjalfiov^ iroiovirra el- 
pat TQv^ ^i/p avTfp arpaTuiiTa^' to tc yctp irpb^ Toif^ 
TTokefiiovs BappaXlm^; e)(€tv iraprjv Kol to rffv Trap 
EKtivov Tifimplav <poff€ia6cu airrov^ eirrdfCTov^ iirolei, 
ToiovTO^ fj,kp B^ S^pX^^ ffv* apx^adai, Sk vtto SXKjodv ov15 
/xctXct idik^ip ikiyero, fjv Sk ot6 ireKevTa dfuf)! Tct 
TrevnJKOVTa errf. 

Ilpo^evo^ Sk 6 BouoTiofi evdv^ fih fieipd^iov &vlQ 
ewedvp^t yeviadai dvrfp Td fieydXa irpdTTeiv Ikovo^* 
Kal Std Tavrqv tt^v iirtOvfilav lSa>K€ Fopyla dpyvpvov 
T^ Aeoinlvtp. iirel Bk avpeyivero eKelvtp, ixavb*: vofil- 17 
cat; TjSij elvat Kal dpx^iv koX <f>i\o^ &v toc<; TrpcoTOC^ 
firj fiTToadai, jevepyer&v, fjKdev ek ravra? tA? oinf 
Kvpep Trpo^t?' Kal wero KTqaeadai, ix tovt<ov ivopA 


by Google 


fikya KoX Bvpafiiv /lerydkrjv xal xpVf^'''^ iroTCKdi 
IS Toa-ovTODV S' iindvfi&v ar<f>6Spa €vSfj\ov ai kcu tovto 
el^ev, ori tovtcov ovSev hv MXov KTourdai, fierh aZt," 
Kia<;, aWd, aifv ToJ SiKaitp xal xaX^ ^ero helv ravrcov 
\^ TV^-XdveiVy av€V Sk rovTfov firi. apx^tP S^ kcCKj&v fjuep 
icaX arfoJd&v hwaro^ ^v ov fievroi, ovt alS& roi^ 
OTpariayraif; eavrov ovre (l>6fiov Ixavo^ ifiirotrjacu, 
a\\^ teal ya-xvvero fioKKov TOv<i arparKora^: fj ol 
apxofi^voi, ixelvov, xal f^o^ovfievo^; fjuaXKov Tjv <l>av€po^ 
TO airexBdveadai, toTs crrpartiOTat,^ fj ol (rrparLSyrai, 

20 TO airifOTelv ixeiv^. ^€to Bk apicelv irpos to ap^tfcov 
elvcu Kol hoKelv tov fihf Kdk&s iroiovma iiratvelv, tov 
Bk oBtKovma jj,if iiraiveZv. Toir/apovv ainoi ol fihf 
KoKol r€ KwyadoX T(f)V (txwovtcdv eivoi ^aav, ol Bk aBir 
Kot, iirefiovXevov c»9 €Vfjb€Tax€iploTq> oim. ore Bk diri^ 

dvijCTKeV ^V eT&V 0)9 TptdKOVTO. 

21 Mevfov Be 6 ©erraXo? 8^\o9 ^v iirtOvfiSyv fihf 
ir'XjovTeiv l(rxypWs iindvfi&v Bk apx^iv, oireo^ TrXelto 
Ti^afifidvoi, iiridvfi&v Bk Tifma-dat, ha irT^lxo KepBalvoi * 
0/Xo9 T€ i^ovXero elvai, Toh fiiytcTa BwapAvoi^, ha 

22 oBtK&v fir) BiBolff BiKTjv, iirl Bk to KaTepyd^eadcu &v 
iTTtdvfioir) owTOfLODTdTrfV wero oBov elvcu Bict tov iirir- 
opKelv T€ KoX y^evBeadcu koX e^airaTav, to 8' a7rXoi)y 

23 KoX TO akridh ivo/u^e to omto t^ rj>a6L(^ elvcu, arep- 
ya)v Bk <l>avepo^ fiev ffv ovBeva, ot^ B^ ifxUrj 0/Xo9 
ehai, TovTfj^ evBr^Xo^ iyir/yero i7rv^ov\eva>v. koX tto- 
"Kefilov fihf ovBevo^ KUTeyiXa, t&v Bk avv6vT<ov irdvTfov 

24 a>9 KaTOTfekSyv del Bie\iryeTo, teal tow fikv t&v TroXe- 
/jbuav KTqfiaa'vv ovk eire^ovkeue' xf^Xeirov ydp Scto 
elvcu Tct T&v if>vKaTTOfjLkv(ov XafilSdvecv' tA Bi t&v ^Ir 
XcDi/ fiovo^ ^€T0 elBivai paarov ov d<f>v\a/CTa Xafifidr 

25 vevv, Kcu Strove fikv aladdvoiTO iirtSp/cov^ /cal dZUoxn 
0)9 ei anrTua-fievov^ €<l>ofi€2TO, to?9 S* oaiot^ teal aXif- 
deuut daicovaifV (09 dvdvBpoisi iireipaTO ')(pfia0€U. 


by Google 

BOOK n. CHAP. TI. 61 

&<nrep Si r^9 arydWerad, iwl Seoae/Sei^ xaX d\rf0€la2Q 
Kot hi^icaUnrjTi,, ovra MhcDV ^^Wero t^ i^airarav 
SvvcurdcUs Tft> irXda-curdai ^^^evSt], rS <l>l\ov^ SuiryeKav' 
Tov Sk fMT) iravovfyyov r&v diraiSevrcDV del ivofic^ev eU 
vat. leal irap oU fihf iirex'^ip^t irpanevetv <l>iKia, 
SuifidXKoDV T0U9 7rpa>T0v^ tovtov^ ^ero Seiv KTrjaou- 
crOai, TO Se ireido/ihov^ tov9 arpaTUora^ irapkyeadcu 27 
iK TOV avpa£vK€lv avrol^ ifjurf^avdro, rifiaadcu Si 
Kal ^epairevecrdcu ril^lov hrtheticvviievo^, oti, irXjelara 
hvvcuTO ical idi\ot dv aSiKelv, evepyecrlcw Se scari' 
\eyev, ottotc ti^ avrov d^UrraTO, otv ypwfievos avr^ 
ovK dTTcoXeaev avrov. xal rd fikv Brj d(f>avrj €^€<m2S 
irepl avTov y^evSeadai, d Sk irdvre^ laaav rdS^ iarL 
Trapd ^Apitrriinr^ f^hf €tl mpaio^ i>v orparijyelv Sie- 
TTpd^aro rtav ^ivmPf ^Apiai^p hk fiapfidpfj^ ovri, on 
fjL€tpaKWi^ KoKotf; fi&ero, oixeiOTaTo^ en d>paio^ i)v 
iyhsTOf ayra? M irmiack eZ%6 Oapihrav drfiveLos &v 
yepumma., dwo6utiamprQ>p Sk r&v avarparrfy&v, on29 
itTTpdrevtrav iirl ^aaiKia J^vv Kvp^, ravrd TTeiroi/if- 
Koy^ om dwiffav^f ^erd SI rov r&v oKKcav ^dvarov 
tTTpaviffmp Tifi^pTjOeU vTTo fiaaiXeo)^ diridavev, ov)^ 
m&ir€p KX^ap')(p^ teal ol dXKov (rrparrffoX dirorp/ridev' 
rev ra? ^e^aXa^i Ofnrep Td')(jL<TTO^ ^dvaro^ hoKel elvai, 
aXkd ^mv alicia-0€L^ iviavrav ci>9 Trovrjpb^ Xiyerai 7^9 

^Aryia? Se 6 ^Apm^ tcaX So>/cpdTrjf; 6 ^A^aio^ Kal30 
TOVTOD diredaveTfjv. tovtwv Sk ovd* C09 iv iroXifjup 
KaK&v ovSel^ tcareyiXa ovr ei^ <f>CKiav avrovs ifiifi- 
ij>€TO. ffOTfjv Sk afJL^a) dfjuf)! rd irivre Koi rptdKovra 
en; dirb yeveds. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 


BOOK ra. 

1 ^Oa-a fjbhf Btj ip T§ ava/Sdaei t§ fierh Kvpov o% 

Kvpo9 ireXevTffaev, iyivero anrvoincDV r&v ^EXXriwov 
aifp Titraa^pvei, iv tcu^ fnrovSaS^, iv to5 Trpocdeif 

2 7^(p SeSij'KooTai. iirel 8k oZ re oTpaTTjyol aweCKripir 
fUi/oi ^(Tav Kol T&v Xo'xa/y&v xal r&v trrpaTUorSiv oi 
aweiro/iepot &Tro\a>\eaav, iv ttoXSj^ Srf diropla fi<Tav 
oi "EXKffve^, iwoovfJLCPot pAp, on iirl raS^ PaaCKkto^ 
Svpai<; fiaaVf kvkX^ Bk axrroh irdirrij iroT^XcL icaX eOvri 
Koi 7r6X6t9 iro\ip,iai ^av, dryopdv Bk ovBeU eri irapi- 
^eifV IfjieWev, am€,')(pv Bk t^9 ^EXKoBo^ ov fieiov fj 
p^vpia OTiiBia, ff^ep^v S' ovBei^ t^9 oBov ^v, irora^Lol 
Bk Bcetpyov aBuifiaroi iv pAatp r^ otKoBe oBov, irpov- 
BeBwKeaav Bk avroif^ xal ol ahv Kvpqt dvafidvre^ fidp- 
/3apoi, pivoi Bk KaroKeKetp^p^QC ija-av ovBk iinria 
ovBiva avp^puxov expvre^, wcrre evBrjKov ^v, orv vik&v- 
T€9 phf ovBeva &v KaroKavoiev, firrridivTCDv Bk avr&v 

3 ovBeU &v Xei^dehi. ravra iwoovpsvoi koX gdvp^^ 
expvre^ okiyoi p.kv avr&v ek rijv iawipav clrov eyeiJ- 
aavTo, oTi^oL Bk irvp dvi/cava-av, iirl Bk rib SirKa ttoX- 
\ol ovK f[K6ov ravTTjv rfiy vvKra, dveiravovro Bk oirov 
irvyxavev &caoT09, ov Bwdp^vot xadevBea/ inrb Xwnjf; 
KoX iroOov irarpiBayv, yovia>v, ywai/e&v, vatBcDV, od? 
ovTTOT iv6p,t^ov h'v S^eadat. ovtod p,€V Brj Bicucel- 
p^evov irdvre^ dveiravovTO, 

4 *Hv Bi Tt9 iv T§ arparia 'Sievo^v ^A0rfvcuo<:, S9 
oire arparriyo^ oiire Xo^o/yo^ otJre aTparuarrf^: Siv 
owrfKoXovdei, dXXcL IlpS^evo^ avrbv ff^ereiripA^aro ol- 
Kodev f €V09 &v dp^alo^ • vTnayyelro Bk avr^, el ekffoi, 
<f)C\ov avTov Kvpq> iroi^'^aetv, hv awT09 eifyt) KpecTTCi^ 


by Google 

BOOK m. CHAP. I. 63 

4avT^ vofii^evv r^ irarpiSo^. 6 fUirroi B€tHHf>&v avor 5 
71^^ T^i^ emoToKijp avcucoivovrai, XfOKpdrei, r^ ^AOr^ 
vaUp irepl rffi iropela^, koI 6 SoD/epdrrj^ inroTrreiHra^ 
firi TL irpo^ T^ iroKem^ hralriov etrj Kvptp ^Ckov yevi- 
adcu, on iSoxei 6 Kvpo^ irpoOvpAo^ rdk AaxeSaifiovlot^ 
cttI T€t<: ^Adijvc^ avfjnroKefji/fjacu, avfjufiovXeveo r^ Uevo- 
if>&im ihJdovra eh ^€X^l^ avaKOiv&aat t& Se^ irepl 
T^9 iropeUK. iKffcDv S' U€vo<l>&v eirijpeTo top *AiroXr 6 
\ft), tIvo av $€&v ^voDV tau €ifj(pii€Vo^ kiSXKutt &v xal 
apurra eKJdoi, rffv 6S6v, tjv iirvvoel, xal kcCKS)^ irpd^a^ 
aoadelq. koI aveXKev avr^ 6 *A7r6XKa>v Seo'k 0I9 eSet 
Sveiv, eirel Si irdKiv ^\0€, Xeyev rfjv fiavrelav tc5 7 


irpSnov fipwraf irirepov \£ov eXrj avr^ iropewadcu fj 
fUvecv, aXX avTO^ xpiva^ ireov elvcu rovr imwdcafero, 
Sttco^: &v KdXKAora iropevdeirf. eirel fUirroi oiTO><$ i^pov, 
ravT, eifyq, ^PV ''roieiv, Baa 6 ^eo9 iKiXevaev. 6 fih 8 
Srj U€uo(l>&v ovTO), ^vadpmfo^ oh avetXev 6 Beo^, i^i- 
irKet KoX KaraT^fJufidvet iv SdpBea-t Ilpo^evov xal Kv- 
pov fiiKKovra^ i^Br) opfmv rffv av(o oSov, xal aweoTddrj 
Kvp<p. TTpoOvfiov/Jbivov Si Tov npo^ivov Kal 6 Kvpo<i 9 
ovfiirpovdufielTO fietvcu avrov elire Sk on, iireiSctv 
rdx^Lora 17 arparela X17I27, €vdif<; aTroirifiy^eiv avrov. 
€\€r/€TO Si 6 aroXxx: elvac eh UtaCSa^;. iarpareveTO 10 
fikv Sf) ovTCO^ i^a/iraTrjdek, ovx vtto Ilpo^ivov ov yap 
'^Sev Tfjv iirl ^axrCKka opfjbfjv ovSk aWo^ oifSeU r&v 
^EXXr^vcav ttX^i/ KXedp^ov iirel pAmot eh JSuKikuiv 
fjKJdov, aoA^h iraaiv ijSrj iSoxec elvai,, on 6 otoXo? etrj 
errl /SacrCKia. ^/Sovfiepot. Se rijv oSbv xal axovre*; 
Ofuo<; oi iroTCKol Sc* alcrywqv ical aXK^Tuov Kal Kupov 
awTiKo\ov6rf<rav\ &v eh koX Sepoil>&v fjv. eirel SkU 
diropia Tfv, eKviretTO /lev ahv roh aXXo^9 icaX ovk eSv- 
varo teadevSetP' fjuLKpov S' vmfov Xayiov elSev ovap. 
^So^ev avT^ fipovTY^ yevofiiprj^ amfirro^ ireaelv eh 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

64 xenofhon's anabasis. 

T^i; irarp^v ouclav, seal i/e tovtov Xdfnretrdai iratrcuf. 

12 *n'epUf)ofio<: S' evdif^ avrjyipOr}, tcaX to ovap 7r§ fihf 
SKpivev aryaOov, on iv *ir6voi<; &V Kal KLvhvvois <!>&<; 
fiiya CK ^eo9 IBeiv eSo^e* irfi Sk koX i^o^elro, ort diro 
^^9 fihf ficuTiKicDf; to ivap iSoxet airr^ eb/cu, KVK>jp 
Sc iSoKci "Kd/iweadac to ttv/o, /li) ov SvpmTO i/e t§9 
X^p^^ i^cKffeiv T^9 /Saa-iKioD^, aTOJ etpyovTO irdvToOev 

IZvTTO TivcDV airopi&v. OTToiov TC fihrrov icrTV to toiov^ 
Tov Svap IBelv If eor^ crKoirelv ix t&v av/i^dirrmv fierib 
TO ovap. yiyv€T(U ydp ToSe, evOif^ eiretBr) dvriyipdff 
irp&TOv fihf ewoia avT& ifj/irlirTei, rt KaTouceLfiav ; 17 
Si vv^ irpo^alvei* afui Sk t§ vMp9 ^*^^ '^^^ ttoXc- 
/Miov<: 7]^€tv. el Sk y€vr)(T6fi€0a iwl ficuriXeZ, tL ifAiro- 
Sa}v fjuri ovxi, irdma fihf tA ^aXcTrcoTaTa eTrtSovro^, 
irdvTa hk tA heufOTora iraOoma^ vfipi^opAvov^ diro- 

lidavelv; oir(o^ S' dfiwovfieda oifBeh irapaa-Kevd^erai 
ovSk imfieketTav, dXKd> KaTcucelfieOa &<nr€p i^ov ^<ru- 
X^o^v S/yeLv. iyoi otn/ tov iic iroUv; 7r6\€a>9 <rrpaT7]yop 
irpocrSoKOf TavTa irpd^eLv ;^7roiav 8' rpUKlav ifuwT^ 
iXdeiv dvafjAyto ; ov yhp eyayy en irpeaPinepq^; eao- 

15 fuu, ictv TTjiiepov irpoSA ifuunov ro&9 irdKefiloi,^. ck 
TOVTOV dvltrraTcu Kal avyKaXel tov9 Jlpo^ivov irpSyrov 
"XjoXP^ov^, hrel Sk awfjXdov, e\€^€v, ^Eya>, & avBpe^ 
T^joxja/yol, ovtc ica^evSecv Svvafiai, &<nr€p, olfuu, ovS* 

16v/x€&9> ovT€ KaTaKeiaOat eri, op&v, iv o2b^9 iafiiv. ol 
fihf ydp iroXifiioi S^Xov otv ov irpoTepov irpo^ riiia^ 
roi^ iroKeiLov i^iif/qvav irplv ivofMurav KoKm tcl iav- 
T&v irap€a'K€vd(rdai, fifi&v S* ovheX^ ovBev dvTeiniie' 

nXeiTO^, a7ra>9 (09 KoKKurra arfCDViov^eda. Kal fi^v el 
{/(fyrfaofieda koI irrl PaxrvKel y€vr}cr6fi€da, tl ol6fi€0a 
ireitreadac ; 89 Koi, tov ofiop/rjTplov Kal tov o/ioTraTpiov 
d£€Xxf)ov Kal T€0vrjK6TO^ ^&7 diroTC^v t^v K€^>aKiiv 
Kal Tijv x^V^ dvearavpcoa-ev fifias Bi, oh KtjBefiiiv 
iJbkv ovSeU TrdpeoTiv, i<rrpaT€v<Tafi€v hk hr atrrov «&9 


by Google 

BOOK m. CHAP. I. 65 

SovKov ami fiaaCKkm^ ttoh^covtc^ koI oTro/crepovvTe^, 
el hwalfieda, ri &v ol6/Jb€0a iradelv ; ip ovk &v iirl 18 
irdv eXJBoLy &^ fjfia^ rh eaxara alKi<rdfJL€Po<: ircunv 
avdpanroi^ <f>6Pov 7rapd<rxpi rov (rrparevacU irore iir 
avTov ; a\X otto)? tov fit) hr ixelptp yevrjaofieda irdvra 
iroLtfTeov. iya> fih/ oiv, eare fihf ai airovial fiaav, 19 
ovTTore iiravofirfv rifia<i tihf ol/ereipayv, fiaaCKea hi koX 
Toif<; avp axn& fiaxapi^ayv, Suidecofievo^ avr&v oarjv 
lihf x^ipav KoX otav e^xpiev, co9 Bk a<f>dova tA hnTrfieia^ 
oaov<^ 8k Bepdirovraf;, oa-a Sk /CTi]vrj, xpucov Si, icrOrjra 
Bi' Tc^ B* ai T&v OTpaTicoT&v oirore ivdvfioip/rjv, on 20 
T&v fA€P arfoB&v TrdvTODV ovBevo^ fifilv fiereiq, el fiii 
irpuilfieda, Stov S' wmjaSfjueda yBet/v ere oXiyov^ ^ypv- 
ra?, aXXo>9 Bi irttx; iropl^eadai rh iinTqBeui fj a>vov- 
fiipov^ SpKOx^ ^&7 KarifXpyra^ r^m^' Tavr oiv \oyir 
^ofievo^ ivlore ra? (nrovBh^ fiaXXov i<l)ofiovfjur]v fj vvp 
Tov iroKefwv, errel fiim-oi eicelvov ekuaav rh^ <rrrov- 21 
Ba^, "KeXva-dac p^v BoxeZ xal 17 ixelvcav tfipi,<i koX ff 
fip^eripa imoyftla. ep p^ia-ep yctp rjBr} Kctrai ravra rcL 
dr/a0ct aOXa OTrSrepoi hv fjp&v dvBpe^ dpbeivov&s wtTiv, 
drfcuvoderai, S' oi deoi elaLv, ot avv fjplv, (09 to cIkos, 
ecrovTOV. oiroi p.€v yctp airrov^; i7rioi)pKi]Ka(Ttv' 17/^*922 
Bk TToXXA o/)wi/T€9 ar^adh areppm avr&v d7r€vj(pp^0(i 
But T0U9 T&v 3^€&v opKOv^, &aT€ i^elval p^i BoKel 
levav hrl tov wy&va iroXv crifv <f>povripxtrc psi^ovL fj 
TovToi^, ire S* exop'CV aatpura Ixavdrepa tovt(ov23 
seal "^vxq KoX ^aXTrq koI 7r6vov<; ^ipecv exppev Bk 
Kal yfruxa^: aifv to2<; .Jeot9 dpeivova^ • oi Bk dvBpe^ Koi 
rpcoTol Koi Bjnjrol puWov fip&v, fjv oi Seol, &<nrep 
TO irpoaOev, vl/crfv rjplv BiB&acv, d\X ?<rG)9 yctp Kal 24 
dXkoc Tavr ivdvpovvTat, 7r/309 t&v l^e&v prj dvapi- 
v(OjjL€v gEXXoi;9 €0' fjpa^ iXOetv TrapaxaXovvTa^ iirl tA 
/cdX\i(rra epya, dXX fjpel<; ap^ayp^ev tov i^opp^rjaai 
Kal Toif^ aX\ot;9 iirl ttjv apenfiv. ^dvrjre t&v Xoxflr 


by Google 

66 zenophon's akababis. 

t^&v apioToi, KoX T&v <rrpaT7fi&v a^KHrrparfffinepou 
25Ka/ya> Si, el fiev vfi€t<; idikere i^pfiav iwl ravra, hre* 

aOai ifiiv fiovXofuu, el S' vfiek Tdrreri fie ff^eUrdais 

ovSh/ 7rpo<l>€uri^ofiai tt)V ^XikIcw, aXXct, tcaX oucfid^eip 

rffovfiat epvKeifV aif ifiavTov ret xa/ed, 
26 'O fjbh/ ravT iX£^€V, oi Sk Xo^^otoI aKOwravT&: 

ravra fffeurOat ixiXevov irdme^y ttX^v ^AiroXKMvH^ 

, poirj 00Tt9 X^ot aX\a>9 7ra)9 <T(OTqpia^ &v rvxetv ^ 
^aaCKka ireUra^y ' el Svvacto, koI afia iipx^TO Tiiyetv 

27r^9 a/iropla%. 6 jihnoi, Uepo<j>&v fiera^if vwoKafiiifv 
eXe^ev &Se. *il Bau/uurcdyrare avOpayire, av ye ovBk 
op&v yiyv(oa-Ket^ ovSk cucovtov fiifivrja-ai,, ev ravr^ ye 
fihrrot fjada tovtoc<;, ore /ScurcKevf;, errel Kvpo^ anrkr 
Save, /liya <l>pov7J(ra<; hrl rovrt^ irifi/irtov exiKeve irapa- 

28 StSoi/at T^ OTrXa. eirel Be fifiels ov irapa&iin&iy aXX' 
i^oDTrTua-fiipoi eKd6vTe<: irapetT/efjv^a'a/iev avrw, rl ovie 
iTTolrja-e irpea-fieif; irifAirtov tcaX crTrovSi? alr&v xai 

29 irapix(ov ret hnrriheuiy lore awovS&v hv^ev ; hreX 
S' ai oi oTparriyol xal Tsjo^arfoly &<nrep hi) av iceKevei^, 
eh 7^ov<; avrok avev oirXxav fj/kdov irLarevaavre^ toZ^ 
(TTTOvSah, ov vvv eKelvot irtuofieuoi,, Kevrovfievoi, vfipi- 
^ofievoL ovBk dirodavetv oi T\i]fiope^ Svvavrcu, xal fiSiTC, 
olfuu, ip&vre^ rovrov ; h av irdvra 6^Sa>9 roif^ fikv 
d/ivveadcu KeKevovra^ (l>\vapeip ^9> ireldeiv Be irdKiv 

30 Ke'Keijei<: I6ina<i ; ifiol Bi, & a^Bpef;, Boxel top avOpey- 
irov TovTov fiijre irpoaUaOaj, eh ravro fifiip OAfTo'k 
dff>eKoiUvov<; re rrfv yjy)(pir^Uiv aKevri dvadevra^ w 
TocovTfj^ 'XjpriaOai. oJno^ yhp #cal Tr^v irarpSBa KO/radr- 
ayyvei kolL iraaav rijv ^EXKdJBa, Stl ''EXX^r &v roi- 

31 ovt6<; eariv. evr&jOev inroT^fiwv ^Ayaala^ Srv/i^uSXio^ 
elirev, '^XXA TOvr<p ye ovre t^ Bouorla^ wpoa^fce^ 
ovBh ovre t^9 ^EXKdBo^ iravrdiraaiv, eirel eyo) avrov 
elBov &awep AvBbv dfJul>6Tepa rib &Ta rerpjrjnffJbipov. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK m. OHAF. I. 67 

kclL elxpf o£rei>9. tovtov /ih oiu dm^Xaaav* ol S^32 
oKKoi, iraph Th<i rd^i^ lovre;, &irov fih arparriyb^ 
<rSo9 €01], TOP oTpaTfjyov irape/edXovp, iiriOev he ot- 
XotTo, TOP inroaTparriyov, &rrov S' ai yjo^o^o^ a&o^ 
etfj, Tov Xo^^o^ov. en-el Sk irdvre^ awfjXOov, ek to 33 
irpocrdev r&p oirkav i/eaOi^ovTO* koI ir/epovro ol aw- 
e\06vr€^ oTpaTfjyol xal 'ko'^ar^ol aii^l roif^ kxarov. 
ore Sk ravra f[P, <rj(eS6v fUacu ^a-av vv/cre^* hnavOa 34 
^lepwwfjbo^ ^HXeUyi Trpea-fivraro^ &v r&v Ilpo^hov 
'K(y)(jary&v ffp^ero Xeyecv &Se. ^Hfitv, & avSp6<: arpor 
TTjyol Kal 'Xox^ot, 6p&<7v ret irapovra ISo^e koL axnok 
oweKJdelv koX vfia^ TrapaKoKia-cu, Sway; PovKewralfieBa 
eX TV Bwalfieda arfoBov* yAfyv S', ?<^, kcH <n;, S 
Uevo^&v, airep xal irpo^ fipA^. Sk tovtov Xiyev TdSe 
U€vo<f>&v. *AXKA Taxha fiev Sff irdme^ iTnardfieOa, 35 
OTV ficuTiKeif^ zeal Tvaaa^pvryi ob^ fikp iSw^ffrfcrav 
aweCKri<f>aaiv ^fi&v, T0I9 S' SXKoc^ SrfKov otv ejrifiov- 
T^jevovaiv, C09, ^v SvpcDinat, diro'Kia'axnv. fipZv Si ye, 
olfjbai, irdma iroiriTia co? /MiproT eirl Tot^ fiap^dpoi^ 
yevdfieda, aXKct fmXKov, fjv Svvdfieda, i/eelvoi i<l>* 
fifuv. eS Toiwv eirlxTTaaOe, OTt ifji^h Toaovrov 8vTe<:,2Q 
Baoo vvv GW€\rf\vdaT€, pAr/vaTOV ^€Te xaipSv, oi yctp 
arpoTiSyrat otrroc wai/re? irpo^ vpA<: p)^ov<Ti, sc&v 
fihf vfia^ op&ccv ddvfiov^, irdin€<: KaKol laajnaL, fjv 
8k vfiel^ avTol re wapaa-Keva^ofiepoi if>avepol ^re eTrl 
TOW iroTie/iiov^ /col Toif^ aXXov^ irapcueaXrJTe, ei care 
QTV h^omai v/uv Kot iretpdaoyTCU fiip^eurOcu. t<ra>^ 37 
Si TOV Kal SUaiov iariv vp>a^ Sca^ipecv tv tovtodv. 
ifiet^ yap e<rre (rrpaTrjiyol, vfiel^ Ta^lap^ov /cal 'Koyor 
yol, Kal 0T€ elprjVf} fjv, vfieU Kal ;^/wwrt Kal TVfuu<: 
TOVTOV €7r\eoi/€AT€jT€' Kttl VVV Tolwv, eTtel TTOKeflO^ 
i<mv, d^covv Set vfia^ airroif^ dfielvoxy; t€ toO irXif- 
dov^ etvav Kal irpofiovkevevv tovt<ov Kal irpoTrovelv, 
ijv TTou Sir^ Kal vvv irp&Tov fiev oto/uu &v vpA<i3S 


by Google 


fUfya cfprja-cu to arpdrevfia, el iinfieKffdelriTe Smo^ 
avri T&v airoKoSKoTGiv c»9 rd/xiLara orpaTrjyol koX 
X(y)(a^ol avTUcaraaTad&o'iv, avev yctp ap^oinrtov ov- 

Sh/ &V OVT€ KOKOV OVT€ OTfodoV jivOlTO, ©9 flh/ OW- 

eXoirn elirecv, ovBafiov, iv Sk St) to2^ iroXefiiKoi^ iravror 
ircuTiv. f) fikv ykp evrafla ad^eip SoKct, fi hk ara^ia 

397ro\Xov9 ^&7 airoKdikcKev. iireiBctv Si KarcujTr^trqade 
roifs apxovTa<; oa-ov^ Sec, fjv Koi rob^ aXXoxf<; arpa- 
Tuora^ ovWeyrfTe xal irapa0appwr}Te, olfuii Stv vfia^ 

iOirdw ev ica4,p^ iroirja-ac. vvv fihf yc^p tcro><; xal vfiet^ 
oUrBdveade, C09 aJdvfKO^ fbkv fjXJdov hr\ rh oifXxi, adv- 
/LM»9 Sk irpo<i tA9 ^vXaxd^ • Sore o£(tg) y ixovrcDV ovk 
olSa o, TC av T49 ;^»7o-atTO axnoZ^ elre wkto^ SioL rt 

41 elre xal fipApm. 'fjv Se Tt9 avr&v rpk^ TA9 yv(Ofia<$, 
(09 f^v TOVTO fwvov ewo&vrav, rl ireUrovrai, aXX^ icaX 

42 t/ iroLTfaovcrit irokb evdvfi&repov eaovrai. hrUrraade 
yhp Srf, oTi oSre 7r\r]06<; iariv oirre ia'xp^ V ^ *^^ 
irdXAfKp tA9 vlKa<; iroiovcra, dXX' oirorepoc &v ahv rol^ 
^ol% Toi^ y^v)(ai^ eppayfiepiarepot t(oatP eirl rovf; iro- 
Xe/ilov^;, TovTov^ •©9 eirl to 7ro\if ol ivairrloc ov Skxpv- 

43 ra^. ivTedvp/qfiav S' eyayye, & avSpe<;, ical tovto, otc^ 
oiroaov fieu pMOTevovcrv ^v e/c 7ravT09 Tp&irov hf to?9 
7ro\efiiKo2<;, oZtov fiep KaKm t€ koI alaxpc^ c59 irri 
TO TToXv diroOvrjCTKovatv, oiroao^ Si tov fikv BdvaTOV 
€yp(i>Kcurc iraac koivov elvac /cal dva/yKatov dvOpanroi^, 
irepl Si TOV KoKtS^ dirodvi^a-Keiv d/yavl^ovTai, tovtov^ 
op& fjL&XKov 9rG)9 ek to yrjpa^ a/^CKVovfiivov^; koX eia)9 

44 Av ^&(Ttv evSaifioviarepov Sidr^oma^. h koI fifia^ Sel 
vvv KaTafjuzBovTO^, iv ToiovTtp yhp xaip^ iafiev, aih 
Tov^ T€ dvSpa^ dryadoif^ elvac xal tov9 aXXov9 irapor 

45 KoKecv. 6 /jckv TavT elircbv iiravaaTO, fieTcc Se tovtov 
ehre Xecpia'o<f)o<;, ^AWd irpoadev pAv, & Uevo^v, to- 
GOVTov pivov ere ey(rfvtoaKov, oaov '^kovov ^Adrfvcuov 
elvac, vvv Sk xal eircuvw ae e^' 0I9 Xiy6t9 re koX 


by Google 

BOOK m. CHAP. I. — ^n. 69 

wpdTT€$^, KOI ^ovT^lfJuriv &v OTt TrXelarov^ ehcu roioih 
TOW KOUfov ykp &v eXfi to arfoBov. koL vvp, S<fyr), /a^46 
fiiXKufiev, & avSpe^t aXX direXdovre^ rjSrj alpeiade oi 
heofi^evoi apxovra^, teal iXofievov i^Kere eU to fiiaov tov 
OT-paToiriSov teal Toi^ alpeOhnwi arfere* hreiT i/cel 
ovyicaKovfiev Tois aXKov^ orpaTtdna^. Trapiarm S' 
"^fiiv, €<fyrjs KoX ToXfiiSrj^ 6 /cijpv^. koX &fia tovt ei-M 
iroDV avioTTf, c&9 /iff fUXXoiTO, aXKci irepalvoiTO tA 
Siojna. ite tovtov ypkOrfaav apxovTe^ ami fihf EXeap- 
*)(pv TtfutaUov AapZavev^, ami Sk StoKpdTov^ Uavdi- 
kKt]^ ^A*xcu&;» dml 8k ^Ayiov EXedvtop *ApKd<;, ami 
Bk Mho)vo<i ^iXi]<Tio<: *A'xcu6^, ami Bk Ilpo^evov Ue- 
vo(f>&v * Adrivcuo^;. 

^Eirel Be ^pf}mo, fipApa re o^eSov {nre^Mive teal 6*9 2 
Tb fiicrov ^Kov oi apxovTC^. ical eSo^ev airro'k irpo- 
^vKoLKWi KaToan^a'ama^ avyKcCKetv tov9 arpaTUOTw;. 
hrel Bk Kal oi aXKoc orpaTiSyrai avprjXffov, dvi<rrq 
irpSnov fihf Xeiplao^^ 6 Aa/e€Ba^fi6vco<: koI eKe^ep 
&B€. ^il avBpei cTTpaTt&TOC, 'xaKerrii fih tA irapoma, 2 
oTTOTe dvBp&v arpaTffy&v tqlovtg)v orepofieda zeal 
'Ko^ary&v icaX aTpaTUOT&v, irpo^ S' en Kal oi dfuf>l 
^Apuiiov, oi irpoadev av/ifia')(pv om-e^, irpoBeBfOKoatv 
ri/uis' ofioDS Bk Bet ite t&v 7rap6m(ov avBpa^ arfaOov^ 3 
T€ eh£elv Kal fiij v<l>Leadai, aXKct TreipaadaL, ottco^, 
fjv fjikv Bwaifieda, Ka\&(; vLK&me^ aoD^cofieda * el Bk p/q, 
dXSud kclKS)^ ye d7ro0VT]<TK<op£V, vTrox^ipioi Bk pajBhroTe 
y€Wop>e6a ^&me^ Tot<; iro\ep.ioi<;. otop^a^ yctp &v tjpa^ 
TOULVTa iraJdelv, ota tov9 i'xdpoif^ oi Seol iroirjaeuLV. 
imi TovTtp EXedvcDp ^Op^opivto^ dvitm] Kal eXe^ev wSe. 4 
*A\X opaTe pAv, & avBp€<; Ttjv fia^tKe(D^ emopKiav 
KoX daifieuiv, op&Te Bk Trjv TLaaa^ipvov^ diriArriav, 
8<m^ XeyoDv 0)9 yelTcov re ecrj t^9 ^EXKdBo<; Kal irepl 
ifKeUrrov &v TroiijcratTo a&crai, fjpA<;, Kal hrl tovtoi^ 
avro9 opxi(Ta<i ripZv, avTO^ Be^ih^ Boih, avT09 i^awo' 


by Google 


T9^(7'a9 trwiXafie roi^ (rrpaTfjyo^, xal ovBk Ala ^h^ioy 
^aOfj, dXKeb EXedp^f^ ical ojiorpdirt^o^i yevo/Jtevo^ 
avToh TOVTOi^ i^airarrjaw; roif^ avSpa^ airoK&KeKev. 

5 ^Apuuo^ Bi, hv ^fJLcU ^0iKofi€P fiaacKia ieadiardvcu, 
Kal iSa)Ka/i€V xal iXd^ofiev irurrib fjuff irpohd^eiv oX- 
\i7\ov9> Kal o5to9 oinre roin; ^eoif^ heUras oire Kvpop 
Tov reOvrjKOTa aiZeadek, ri^pi^fieifo^ iioKufra xnro Kxh 
pov fa)i/T09, vvv irpo^ roif^ ixelvov ix^iorov^: aTroorA? 

6 ^fm^ Toi^ Kvpov 0tXoi;9 sccucw woielv irecparai. dSXct 
TOVTOV^ /ikv oi Scot diroTlaaiVTO* ^fm^ Sk &? ravra 
op&VTWi firnTroTe i^aTrarriO^vcu Irt inrb rovroav, oKKii 
lULypfiivov^ c»9 &v Swdfieffa xpdrurra rovro, 8y rt hv 
Bo/cQ T0A9 Seol^;, irdayeiv. 

7 *Ek tovtov U€vo<f>&v dviararai iaraXfUpo^ eirl tto- 
Xefiov €09 iBvparo KaXKiardy vofil^av, etre vUrjv Si^otev 
oi deoi, TOV KdXKurrov Koa-fiov r^ vc/cav irphreiv, etre 
Te7i£xrrav Sioi, opOm e^etv t&v koKKIotodv eavrbv a^Ko- 
cravra ip tovtoi^ t^9 t6X€vtQ9 rvy^dveiv tov "Koyov 

8 Bk VPX^^ ^^* '^V^ M^ '''^^ ^ap^dpoDv hrmpKiav Te 
Kal aTnarlav "Kiyet /ikv KXedvcop, eirlaraade Bk xal 
vfi€t<:, olfiai. el fih/ olv ^ovKevop^Oa irdTuv axnoh Bi^ 
^i\(a^ ievat, avdryKf) ripLo/; iroXhJqv ddvjjUav e^evv, opSiV- 
Ta9 Kal Tov<; arTpaTrfyov<;, ot Bed, 7rwrreft)9 avToi<; €airrov<$ 
ivc'xelpurav, ola ireir6vdaai,v' el fihnoi Buivoovfieda 
avv T0t9 07r\ot9 &v Te ireirovriicaaL BIktjv eircOeivcu 
airrols Kal to T^virbv Bed, iravTo^ iroTUfiov avToi<: Upcu, 
ainf To?9 5€oJ9 iroXKal fipZv koX KoKal eKir(Ze<; elal 

9 o-coTTjpia^. TOVTO Bk \eyovTo<; ainov irrdpinnal t^9* 
aKovcraine^ S' ol crTpaTi&Tai, irdvT&; fiia opp^ irpotre- 
KvvTfcrav TOV ^eov, Kal Uevo^&v elire, AoKel fiov, & 
avBpe^, eirel irepl acDTqpla^ rip,&v 7<£y6vTa)v, oUovb^ tov 
Acb^ TOV croDTrfpo^ €ff>dvr), ev^axrdai, t^ ^^ TOVT(p 
^vaetv crtoTTipta oirov &v irp&TOV ek <f>ikiav x^P^^ 
d^eMOfieda, axweTrev^aadat Bi Kal Tot9 aXKoc<: 360i9 


by Google 

BOOK m. CHAP. n. 71 

^vaeiv Korib Svpofuv. koI St^ Soxel tovt, i<fyi], apor 
reuifdrfo Trfv xelpa* koX dvireivav iiravre^. iK tovtou 
ev^avTO teal eiramvvacaf. iirel hk ret r&v Se&v tedKw 
elx^f ^PX^o irdXiv &S€. ^Ervyxpafov TUymv, oro iroK- 10 
Xol Kal KCiKaX iX/irlSe^ ^fuif eUv aaynjpia^* irpwrcv 
fih ykp TjiAevi p>iv ifuireSov/Jbev roif^ r&v Se&v opKov^, 
oi he iroXifiioo i7ruop/ci]/eaarl re koI rd^ (rrrovSi^ koI 
rou9 Spteov^ XeKvxcunv. ovtcd S' ixjxintav eU^ rok 
fihf TTokefiloi^ ipavriov^ ehnu roin; $€ov^, fniiv Si avfi- 
/*ax<>v9* otirep ucavol elai icaX roif^ fiey(£Kotj^ Tayp 
fiucpoif^ iroLeiv Kal tov^ fiixpov^, /c&v hf hei,voi<i &(ti^ 
aoD^evv einrerm, Srav fiovktovTOi. hrena Bi, dvafivif- 11 
am ydp vfm^ teal tov9 t&v irpo^ovxov r&v ^fieripcDv 
KivSvvov^, Xva elSrjre, ©9 drya^oi^ re ifiip irpoaifiKev 
etvcu aoifyvTcU re aifv roi^ Beoi^ tcaX ck irdw Setv&v 
oi dffaOol* iXOovrmv fikv ydp Hepa&v kcUL t&v aifp 
OMTol^ irojinrXridei aroX^ (»9 d^viovvrcov aidi^ t^ 
^AOrjva^i xjiroarrivat avrob; *A0r)va2ov roKiJuriaavTe^ 
evlicrfaav avrov^. teal ev^dfievoi t§ ^AprifiiSi 0^6-12 
trov^ &v tearatedvovep r&v irdkefiUov Toaavras; ^e/uii/>a9 
tcaraOvaeiv ry l^tp, iirel ovk el^ov lieavd^ evpelv, eSo- 
^€v avToh Kar ivuivrbv TreirraKoala^ Bvetv, teal (hi, 
tcaX vvv dTTodiovaiv. eireira ore Uip^^ varepov dr/eir 13 
pa9 riiv dvapidfMiTov crrparidv fjXBev iirl rijv 'ETCKdSa, 
teal t6t6 ivUoDv oi fj^iirepoi trpoyovot Toif<: tovtodv 
irpoyovov^ teal teard yrjv xal Kard ddKaTrav. &p cart 
fikv T€Kfiijpui opav rd rpiiraia, ^&yiaTOv hk fiaprvputv 
fj iKevdepla t&v iroXetov, iv ah vfieh irfheade Kal 
irpd^yrfre* ovSeva ydp avdptayirov Seaworriv, dKKd tov9 
•960V9 TrpocrtcuvelT€. ToiovTCOv fiev €0T€ irpoySvoDV. oi 14 
^kv Stf TovTO ye ip&, w Vfieh KaTauryvvere avrov^' 
aXX* ovTTQi iroXKal ^fiipai dif> oi dpTi^Ta^dfjuevot tou- 
Toi^ ToU ixeivtov iteyovoi^ 'jroXKairXaa'ioxt^; vfi&v ai/rcov 
evtx&Te avv toI<; Beoh. teal t6t€ fikv S^ irepl 7% 15 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC ' 

72 xenophon's anabasis. 

Kvpov fiaaCKela^ avSpe^ ^t€ a/yaOoi* vvv S*, oir&re 
irepl 7^9 vueripa^ aayrrjplm 6 ar>fmf iarc, iroXv Siprbv 
vfias irpoa/iKev ical dfieivova^ xal irpodv^Knepov*; elvcu. 

IQaXK^ fi7)v Kol BappdKea)Tipov<; vvv irpeirev elvcu Trpo? 
Toif^ iroXefiiov^. rore /Jbkv yap airetpov ovres avr&v 
TO T€ TrXrjdo^ afierpov op&vres oyxo)? irokfirjcraTe <rvv 
r& irarpUp ^povrjfiaTi Uv(u eh ainov^' vvv Se oirore 
Kol irelpav ijBrj e%€T€ avr&v, oti ^ikovai koX ttoWo- 
ifKa/TLoi, 6vTe^ fitf hkx^adai v/jlS^, tI iri vfiiv irpoarfKei, 

17TOUTOV9 (fyo^eurdai ; firjSe fievroo tovto fieiov So^rjre 
^eiv, ei oi Kvpeioc irpoadev ahv r}filv rarrofievot vvv 
a^arrfKao'Lv, h'V yc^p oJhro^ Kaniovh eUrc r&v v<f> 
fjji&v ^TTfjfiivcav €<f>€ifyov yovv irpbs ixelvov^ icaror 
\Lir6vT€^ rfpAs* T0V9 hk S^iKoma^ <l>vyrj^ cipX^f'V iroKd 
Kpelrrov avv Tol<; iroX^/xlqi^ Tarrofievov^ ^ iv ry rffie- 

18 repa rd^ec opav, el Bi m ai vfi&v dSvfiet, ore fifilv 
/ikv ovK eUrlv imreh, toI^ hk irokefiloi,^ iroKKol irdpei- 
avv, ivdvfiijOrjTe, ore ol /Jbvpioi iTnret^; ovBh aTOu) fj 
fivpiol eiatv avdpayiroL* inro /lev ycip Xmrov iv p^XP 
ovBe\<; ircoirore ovre BijxdeU ovre Xa^cna-deh diridavev, 
ol Bk dvBpef; elalv ol 7rot,ovvT€<; 6, re &v iv rat^ fjbd)(ai^ 

19 yiyvrjTat. ovkovv t&v ye ImrioDv ttoXu 17/^*9 iir daifkxr 
Xecrripov o')(rip^r6<; iap^ev ol fiev yhp iif>^ Xmrwv Kpi- 
puvrav, ^^ovfievoi ov^ 17/^9 fiovov, oKKb, /cal rb 
Karairecrelv* '^fieL<; S' iirl 7^9 fiefiriKOTe^ iroXif fikv 
layvporepov iraiaop^ev, fjv Tt9 irpoalri, iroXif Bk fwXSjov 
Stov av fiovXa)fie0a rev^ofJbeOa. evl fj^vtp irpoi^ovaw 
ol lTnrel<i ^fid^* <f>evye(.v avrol^ da^T^arepov iarcv 

80^ '^fuv. el Be Bt) Td<; fikv fid'xa^ Sappelre, ore Be oih 
' xiri r}pZv Tcaaa^ipvrji; fff/jaeraL ovBi fiaaCKeh^ dryopdv 
irape^ei, rovro dydecrde, arKeyjra^o'de irorepov Kpelrrov 
Tvcrcra<l>ipvr)v rf^ep,6va eyevv, 89 iTrcfiovXewov fjfuv ^xxr 
vepo^ ioTCv, ^ 01)9 &v fiiiel<; avBpas Xafiovre^ fjiyelaOai, 
Ke\eva>fiev, ot etaovra^, ore, ffv ri irepl ^fia^ dfbaprd- 


by Google 

BOOK in. CHAP. n. 73 

PGXTL, irepl Ta9 eavr&v yjnrxa<; koI acofiara afiaprd- 
pov<TL. Tct Se hriTTiheLa Trorepov wvelaOac Kpel'TT0v2\ 
€K T^9 ar/opd<; fj<; ovroi irapei'xpv, fitxph fierpa ttoXXoi) 
upyvpiov, fiTjSe tovto €TL e^ovra^, f] axnov^; "Kafi^dveiv, 
ijvTrep KpuT&fiev, fiirpcp 'XpcDfiivov^, oiroatp av €fcaa'TO<; 
/3ov\rfTai,. el Bk ravra fiev yuyvdxTKere on /cpelrrova, 22 
TOU9 Be TTora/jboift; airopov vofil^ere elvai koX fieyaXxo^ 
rjyeZade i^airaTrjOrjvat, Bia^dvre^, aKG>^aa6e, el apa 
TOVTO Kol fKopOTOTOv TTeTTOvi^Kaa'tv ol ^dp^apoc. 7rdvT€<; 
fjLcv yap ol TTOTafiol, rjv xal irpoaoi) twv irrjy&v airopoi 
AiTi,, irpolovat, irpo^ Ta^ irqyas BuL^arol ylryvovTav ovBk 
TO yovv Ppexovre^, el Be firjO^ ol irorafioX Bt^a-ovcnv, 23 
ryyeiMV re fir)BeU fipZv if>avelTai, ovB^ 0)9 '^fitv ye dOufirj- 
Tiov, iiruTTdfieda yap Mvaov^, 01)9 ovk av rjfi&v ^alrj- 
/*€!/ ^€\T/bv9 elvai, ot ^acriKecof; aKovro^ ev Ty ^axrCke(t)<; 
%o>p<i 7roWa9 T€ KoX evBaifiova^ Kal fieydXa^ iroXei^ ol- 
KovaiVy iTTiardfieOa Bk IlLa-lSas dxravTO)^, Av/cdova<; Bk 
Kol avTol etBofiev St* ev to?9 TreBloc^; tA epvfivh KaTOr 
\a/36vTe^ TTfv tovtcov x<i)pav Kapirovvrac, kgX 97/^924 
S' &v Sijyrjv erf (aye Xfwji'a^ firjiTG) (f>avepov^ elvai, otxaBe 
d}pfJL7jfiivov^, aXKcb KaracrKevd^ea-Oav ©9 avrov irov ol- 
KTja-ovTa^, olSa yap on zeal Mv<tol<; ^aaiKev^ ttoX- 
Xov9 fiev fjyefiova^ &v Bolrj, iroWoif^ B* av 6firipov<; 
Tov dS6X6)9 e/CTrefiy^etv, Kal oBoiroirjaeii 7' av ai/Tol^ 
Kol el (Tifv TedpLTnroc^ ^ovXocvto aTrcevat. Kal rjfilv 
«y' hv oK' on, TpU aafievo^ TavT eiroiet,, el ewpa fjpu^ 
fieveLv Trapaa-Keva^ofi€vov<;. dXKct yhp BeBocxa, fii], 25 
av aira^ fidOoyfiev dpyol ^v Kal ev oApOovot,^ ^corevevv 
Kal Mi]B(ov Bk Kal Ilepa&V KoKah Kal fieydXai^ yv- 
vav^l Kal TrapOevoL^ ofiiKelv, /Mrj, wairep ol XojToc^a^ot, 
hrCKaOoifieda 7^9 otxaSe oBov, BoKei oiv fioi eUo^; Kal2e 
SUaiov elvai irp&Tov ek t'^v *EiXkdSa Kal wpo^ T0U9 
oiKelov^ ireipaaOaL d^iKveladat, Kal einBel^av to?9 
"^EWrfatv, on eKOvre^ irevovTai, i^bv ainoh tov^ vvv 


by Google 

74 xenophon's anabasis. 

SUoi, aicKiipov^ iroKvrevovTw; ipOdBe KOfiKra/iivot^ 'rrXou- 
ciov^ opav. aXKd, yap, & avBpe^, irdvra ravra rar^aOh 

27 BrjXov ore r&v Kparovvrayv iari, tovto Srj Sec Xeyeo'^ 
irm &v 7rop€volfi€0d re w<: da^XearaTa Kal, el fiixe- 
trOat Bioi, ©9 Kpdrurra fuiyplfieda. irp&rov fikp rol- 
vw, etjyrj, Soxei fMOt KaraKava-ai r^9 dfid^a^, &<: expfiev, 
iva fiii rh ^evyrj rifi&v orpaTrffy, oKK^l TropevcofLeOa 
OTrrj hv T§ OTpaTia avp^iprf* eirecra koI tA9 a-tcqvh/f; 
(nrfKaTOKavaaL, axnoM ydp ab &x\x)v fikv irapeypvaiv 
a/yecv, innm^>eKovai 8' ovhhf ovre ek to fid'xeaOcu oir* 

28€t9 TO tA iiriT^Beia e^ew. ere Sk koX t&v oKKxop 
<TK€v&v tA irepi/rrh diraXKd^iafJLev, irX^v otra irdKifuni 
evexev f} alrtov fj iror&v exofiev, %va co9 ifKeurroi fihf 
rijjL&v iv T0J9 07rXo49 Si(Ti,v, c&9 ekd^i^rrot Bk trKCVOifxh 
p&a-i, Kparovfiivayv fiev yctp hrlaraade, on irdvra 
aXKoTpta* fjv hi /cpaT&/i€v, Kal tov9 7ro\€/jLiov<: Set 

29 a/c€vo^6pov9 rjfi€Tipov<: vofil^€tv. "Xjonrov fioc ehrelv 
oirep zeal fjUytarov vofiO^to elvai. opare yctp Kal tou9 
iroXefilov^: ore ov irpoaOev i^€P€yK€ip eriXfj/qaav irpo<; 
rifia<; iroKefiov irplv tov<: (rrpdTrjyov^ ^/jl&v avpikafiov, 
vo/JLl^ovre^ ovnap fiev r&v dpxovrtov koX fjfuav ireiOo- 
fiAvtov iKavov^ elvai f}p£,^ TrepuyeviaOat r^ T-oTUfJup, 
\afi6vT€9 Be T0V9 dpxovTO^ dvap^la &p Kal dra^la 

SOivofii^ov rjiia<; d'jro'KkaOa^,. hel oiv iroKb phf rov^ 
dpxovra^ hrvfieKearipov^i jeviadav roi)^ vvv t&v irpo- 
adev, TToXi) Bi toi)9 dpxopAvov^ €VTa4CTorepov<; koI ttc*- 

31 Oofihov^ fmXKov to& dp^ovaL vvv fj irpocdev. fjv S4 
T49 aTrevdy, fjv '^^Ur'qa'de rov del v/i&v ivrvyxdvovra 
avv To5 apxovTC KoXd^ew, ovT(d<; ol iroT^fitoc ir\eiaTOv 
h^evafikvQL ea-ovrac • ryBe ydp r^ VH'ipa fivplov^ o'^^ov- 
rai dvd* €1/09 KXedp^ov^ tov<: oiS' evl eTn^rpk^vra^ 

32 KaK^ elvaj,, dXKd ydp Kal irepaivetv T^Brf &pa' X<t(o^ 
jdp ol iro'Kifii^i, ainiKa Trapiaovrat. ortp oiv ravra 
BoKel koKS)^ ^€iv, iiriKvpaxTdro} ay; rdj(iaTa, Zva epytp 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK ni. CHAP. IL 75 

wepahniTcu. el Si rt aXXo fiikriop ^ ravrff, To\fuiT<» 
Kol 6 ISuoTff^ SiBdaKeiv irdme^^hp KOtvrfi owTfjplwi 

Merct ravra Xevplaojxy; ehrev, '-4XX' el fUv nvo^ZZ 
aXKov heZ irpo^ tovtoi^ oU \e/€t Uevo^Vy teal ainUa 
i^eoTcu TTOietv h Sk vvv etpffxe Soxei /Aot w rA/x^ara 
'^^^ri^UaaaOiU apurrov ehnu* koI ot^ Soxei raShti, avor 
reivdrta r^v %€i/)a. gverewav Snravre^. avaarh^ Bi3i 
itoKav elire U€Po<l>&v, ^ii avSpe^, oKovaare &v irpoirheiu 
SoKei fAoi, SfjXov ore iropeveaOfu fiiAa<; Set iirov ?|b- 
[lev rh hrmrrfieuL' cucowo Bk toinyMfi elvcu KoKit^ ov 
'trXeiov et/coai, araZmv airexpvtfa^* ovk &v oiv *9au-35 
yM^oip^iy el ol iroXifJUOL, wawep oi heC\jo\ tcvve^ rou9 
fiev irapiovTa^ Suo/coval re seal Sd/ciH)v<np, l^v Bvvodvtcu, 
Toi;9 Se Bicl>K0VTa9 <l>evyov<np, el koI avrol fipZv ammh 
(TLV eiroKoKovOdiev. Xaoas oiv oaffxiKiaTepov fifitv 7ro-36 
peveaOcu ifKjaUnov irof/qaafiAvov^ r&v ottKodv, Xva rh 
a-K€vo<j)6pa ical . 6 ttoX^ &)(\o^ ev aa^T^arip^ fj. el 
oZv vxhf aTrc&ev)(6eln\y rlva ^p^ rf^elaOai rod irTuuclov 
Kid r^ irpoadev Kocfbelv koX riva^ hrl r&v irXevp&v 
ifeariprnv ehcu, rlva^ B* 6irur0(HJ>v7uiKeiv, ovk av, oirore 
ol TTolUfuoc i\0oiev, fiovKeveaOtu fiiia<; Bioi, oKXA XP^ 
ueO^ &v ev0if<: to?? rerarffihoi,^. el fikp oiv aWo9 Tt9 37 
fieKTiov opa, aXXco? c^^w el Bk p/qy 'K.eiplGO^o^ phf 
Tf^eUrOviy cTreiB^ koI AaKeBcu/iovio^ iart' r&v Bk wXcu- 
p&v eKwreptav Bvo r&v irpea-fivrdrtav aTparTjyai eirifie- 
XelaOtaP' owurOo^vKaK&fJbev 8' 17/^^9 cl vedraroi, iyd. 
re Kol TcfiacruDv, to vvv elvcu. to Bk T^iirov irevpcofjievoi 38 
TavT7)<; T^9 Td^ea)<:, fiovT^jevaop^da o, ri, &v ael Kpdriarov 
SoK§ elvai. el Be T19 aXXo opa fieKriov, "Ke^drc^. iirel 
Be ovBeh dvreKe^ev, ehrev, '^Ortp BoKel ravra, dvarei- 
vdrci) rriv xelpa. eBo^e ravra. Nvv rolvvv, e<\yq, 39 
diri6vra^ irotslv Bel ret BeBoyp^va. koI ooti^ re vp£)v 
T0V9 olxelovf; emdvp^el IBeiv, p,eiivria6(d dvrjp drfodo^ 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

76 xenophon's anabasis. 

elvcu* ov ycLp eariv aXX(09 tovtov tvj(€Iv' o<ttc9 t€ 
^v einOvfiei, TreipdaOc^ vikclv t&v fiev yhp viKmn(ov 
TO KaraKalvevv, t&v Bk 'fjTTOifikvayv to airodvri^TiceLv 
iari' /cal el ti^ hi "XprjfidTayv eiridvfiet, KpaTelv irei»- 
pdaOta ' T&v yctp vchxovt&v iarl koX tcl iauT&v ato^etv 
Kol tA t&v T/TT&fiivcDV "Kafi/Sdveiv, 
3 TovTtav 'K6f)(dhn<av aviarqaav Koi aireKJdovre^ KaTe- 
Kavov Tct<: afid^a^ xal t^9 <TK7jvd<;, t&v hk irepLTT&v 
OTOv fikv BioiTO T49 fi€T€B{Soaav dXKi]\oif;, tA Be aXKa 
ek TO TTvp ippliTTox/v. TavTa iroi/qaavTe^; "^pujTowoi- 
ovvTO. dpvaTOTToiovfiivayv Be airr&v ep'XjETcu MiOpir 
BdT7]<: aifv hnrevavv w TpidKovTU, koI KoKea-dfievo^i 

2 T0U9 crTpaTriyoif<: €t9 eirriKoov \eyec &S€. *Eya>, & av- 
S/)€9 '^E)CK7jV€<;, Koi Kvptp ttvoto*: fjv, co9 v/A€t9 hrUrTOr 
a-0€, KoX vvv vjuv evvov^' koI evddZe el/u avv ttoXKA 
<f)6l3^ Bcdrfojv, el oiv optjpTjv vfiA^ a-coT^pvov tl fioih 
7^£vofiivov<;, eXOov/iv hv irpo^ v/ia^ koI to^ ^pdirovTm 
TrdvTa<: i^tov. Xi^are ohf nrpo^ fie, tI ev v^ ^X^re, 
(B9 ^C\ov T€ KoX evvow Kol fiovXofievov KOLv^ crinf v/juv 

3 Tov oToKov iroielaBai. fiovXevofievoi^ Toi<; OTparrffo'i^ 
SBo^ev diroKpivcurOav TdBe' xal eT^e XecpuTO(f>o^' 
^Hfiiv BoKet, el fiiv ti<: id '^fia<: dinivav olxaSe, BUiiro- 
p€ve<T0at TTjv xoapav co9 &v Bwa>fieda davvearaTa' fjv 
Bi T49 i7/Aa9 t59 oBov d7roKa>\vTj, BtairoXe/ieiv TOVTtp 

4 (09 &v Bwa}fie0a KpdTurra. eic tovtov iireipaTo M&dpv- 
BdT7}<; BiBda-Kevv, co9 diropov etr] fiaaCKkaD^ aKOVTO<; (TCih 
Orjvai. €V0a Bff eyiyv(oafceTo, oti viriyirefmrTo^ etr)* 
Kal ydp T&v Tiacra^ipvov^: t49 olxeuov 7rapr}/co\ov0ei ^ 

5 irloTeo)^ SveKa. teal i/c tovtov iBoxei T0Z9 crrpaTryyoh 
jSekTiov elvac Boy/Jba Troc'^acurBai tov iroXefiov dxripv- 
KTOv elvav, ear ev ttj iroXjefila elev' Bcifj>0ecpov ydp 
irpo<Ti6vTe^ Toix; o-TpaTUOTm, Kal eva ye Ti^xo^ov Bti- 
i})0ei,pav NUapxov ^ApxdBa, koI ^€to dirmv vv/ero^ 
aifv dv0poyiroi,<; C09 elicoai. 


by Google 

BOOK m. CJHAP. m. 77 

Merc^ tavra dpum^avre^ icaX Butfidine^ rov Za- 6 
irdrav irorafiop hropevovro rerarffMh/oh rib vTro^vyca 
KoL TOP 6y\jov ei/ iU<7(p expvre^. ov ttoXv Bi irpoeKq- 
\v06t€ov avT&v hrufxilverai iraKiv 6 MiOptBdrrj^ lir-r 
irea^ ex&v co9 SuiKoalov<: /cat ro^ora/i koI a<f)€v8oviiTa<: 
<o9 rerpa/coo'lov^ fidXa €Ka(f>pov<: koX €v^(ovov^, koX 7 
irpocrQ€L fikv C&9 ^/Xo9 &p irpo^i Toiv ''EKKrjiva^, hrel 
S' €7«yu9 iyh/ovTo, i^airivrj^; oi phf avr&v iro^evov koI 
iTnrel^ /cal ire^ol, oi S' i(r^}€vB6va)v koX irlTpa^Kov. oi 
Sk 67n<T0o<j>v\a/c€<: r&v ^EKKrjvtov hracrxpv fikv kokA^, 
dvreiroLoxfV S' ovBh/' otre ydp Kpfjre*; fipax^repa r&v 
Hepa&v iro^evov /cal afia 'sfrvKol Svre^ eXata r&v iifKcov 

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^&VTL iBo/cei, Bixo/creov elv<U' /cal iBuoKov r&v re owXi- 
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oi irefyl Toi? 7refov9 e/c ttoWov ^vyovrct^ eBvvavro 
/cara'Kafifidveiv iv 6Xiy<p 'xjaypltp' iroXd jdp ovx otov 
T€ fjv diro Tov aXKov OTparevfiaTO^ Bui/cevv. oi BklO 
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iKtvBuv€V€ Kal Toz)9 TToXcfilovi ovBiv fmWov iBvvaro 
pXdirreLV. aKovaa^ Bk Bevo^&v €\ey€V on 6p0&^12 
rjn&vro /cal avro to €pyov aifToi<: fLapTVpolrj. d\X 
iyd, etjyrj, i^va^Kda-drjv BmKetv, iireiB^ €d>pa}v fum^ iv 
T^ fih/ew KaK&<! fih/ 'irdcrxovra*;, dvniromv Bi ov 


by Google 


1 Svvafiivov^' iTTciB^ Bk iBmKOfiev^ oXtjOtj, i^, vfieU 
X&yere • KaKm fihf jhp Trotetv ovSev fi&XKov iSvvdfieOa 

14 Tov^ 7ro\€filov^, dv€'xa)povfi€V B^ irdvv ')(a\£7r&<;. toi<: 
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15 S^ o)v BeofJbeOa. vvv yhp ol fikv TroTJ/Mtoi ro^evovai 
/cal <T^€vBovSxriv oaov oijf€ ol Kprjre^ dvriTO^eveiv 
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orav Bk avTOv^ BimKtofiev, ttoXv fikv ov^ olov re 'Xjaypiov 
diro Tov aTparevpxiTo^ BLWKeiv, iv okly^ Be ovB^ el 
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li pVfiaTO^, fjp,€b<; oiv el fiiXKofiev rovrov^ eipyevv &(rre 
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iv Tc5 orparevfiaTV fni&v 'PoBlov<;, &v tou9 iroXKov^ 
(fxunv eTrla-raa'dai' a-^evBovav, /cal to ySeXo? avr&p teal 

] y BcttT^Ao-lov ^ipeadav r&v HepaiK&v (r<pevBov&v, i/ceZ- 
vai ydp Btd rh "xeipoTrX/rjdia-v to2<; \i0ov<: a-<f>evBopav 
ezrl ^paxif e^i/cvovvTai, ol Bk ^PoSioi koI Tal<: fioXv- 

V^fiBUnv eirlcrravTav 'Xprjo'Oav. ^v oiv avT&v einaKe- 
yjrco/jLeOa rive^ irknravrai a(f)evB6va<;, koX Toxrrtp fiev 
B&fiev avr&v dpyvpcov, t« Bk aXXat; ffXAKecv eSekovrc 
aXKo dpyvpoov reX&fjbev, xal t& arf>€vBovciv ivTera- 
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Bk Kul aXKoi^ alxf^uiKa>TOv^ c/cevo^opovvra^. &v oiv 
TOVTOV^ irdvra^ i/cXi^avre^ aKevo^opa fiev dvrcBoifiev, 
f 01)9 Bh ?7r7roi;9 eh linrea^ KaTaa-feevda-CDfiev, f<ra>9 fcal 

20 o5to/ tc Toi)9 <l)evyovTa<i dvidaovaov, eBo^ ravra. 
icai TavTTj^ rrj^ wkto^ a^evBovriTav fikv eh BuiKO<rlov<: 
ir/evovTO, iinroi Bi koI hnreh iBoKifidadTjaav t§ vfrre- 
pala eh irevri^Kovra, koX orwo'KdBe^ /cal Sdl>paKe<: ovtoU 


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BOOK m. CHAP. in. — ^iv. 79 

iTropCa-Orja-av, koX tTnrapxo^ Sk iTreordOff Avki^ 6 
nokvarpdrov *A0rjvato<;. 

Melvavre^ Sk Tavrrjv rtjv ijpApav ry SXkjj hropev- 4 
ovTO Trpcotairepov avaoTdvre^* 'xapdSpav ycLp avroif^ 
eSev Scafirjvcu, i^^ y i^o^ovvro fiff hnOoivro avroi^ 
Sta/Saivovo'cv oi iroKkfiiov, Bui^efirjKoa'i Be avToi<: 2 
iraXiv ^alverai 6 MvOpiBdrrj^, l%o)2/ bmria^ 'X^iXlov^, 
TO^ora^ Bk KoX a<l>€vBovi]Ta^ el<: rerpaKta^iKlov^' to- 
<rovrov<; y^p ^nycre Tv(raa(l>€pvrjv koI iXafiep, vttoo^o- 
fjL€vo<;, av Tovrovs '^/Sff, irapaSaxreiv avr^ Toif<; "EXr 
\i]va<;, KaT(KJ>povi](ra^, on ev ry irpocrOep TrpoajSoXp 
o\(70V9 exfov hraOe fihf ovBiv, ttoXXA 8^ kok^ ivofn^e 
iroirfaaL, hrel Be oi '^EXKrjve^ ButjSe^TjKore^ dTrel')(pv 3 
Try; ^^apdBpa^ oaov okto) OToBlov^y BU/Satve koX 6 
MtdpiBdrri^ expav rfjv Bvpafuv. iraprf^eXro Bk r&v 
re ire\TaaT&v 0O9 eBev BmKevv /cat r&v ottXit&v, koI 
T0?9 iwirevavv eXpriro dappovai Bccoxeiv co? et^e'^ofAevr}^ 
iKav7]<; Bwd/JLea)<;. hrel Bk 6 MiOpiBdrif)^ KaretXijifyei 4 
xal 7]Br) o-(f)€vB6vac /cat ro^evfjuara e^i/afovvro, ea-i^fjuijve 
Tot9 ''EWrjav T§ adXirt^i, Kal evdix: lOeov oftoae oh 
eiprfTO zeal oi iwireh fjkavvov* oi Bk ov/c iBi^avro, dTOJ 
€<f>evyov eni Tr)V ')((OLpdZpav, iv ravrrj ry Buo^ec to?9 5 
fiap^dpoi<: r&v re 7re^&v diriOavov iroXKol /cal r&v iir- 
irecav ev ry x^P^P9 ?®^^ eKi^^Orja-av el^ o/crcJKaiBeKa. 
TOi'9 Bk dirodavovra^; avroKiXevarov oi ''EXKrjve^ rjKl' 
aavro, &<$ on ^o^epdirarov roU iroXefiCoi^ etrj opav, 
/cat oi fiev iro\ifiiov ovrcD irpd^avre^ dirifKBov, oi Bk 6 
^EXKrpfe^ da<l>aK&^ iropevofievoc ro "Xjonrov t^9 riiiApa^ 
a^lKOvro eirX rov Tlrfpr^ra irora/jiov, ivravda iroKi>^ 7 
fjv eprjfiri fieydkrj, ovofia S' avrfj fjv Adpiaaa' ^kow 
S* ainrjv ro iraKaiov MrjBov, rov Bk rel'xpip; Ijv avrij^ 
ro eZpo<: irevre /caX eiKoav iroBe^, vyjro^ S' cKarov rod 
Bk kvkKov 7] TreploBo^ Bvo irapaadrffai,' ^KoBofjuijro Bk 
vXlvdoc^ Kepafilvai^' Kprprh 8' vtttjv \v6cvij rb 5^09 


by Google 

80 xenophon's anabasis. 

8 Akogi ttoS&v, ravrrfv fiaai\6if<; 6 nepa&v, ore iraph, 
Mi]Ba)v rrjv ap^v iKd/Jifiavov Ilipaac, iroXiopK&v oih 
Zevl TpoTTtp iBvvaro eKeiv ifiXi^v hh v€<f)i\i] irpo/ccCKv- 
^jrcura fj^dviae /Mi^pi i^ikiirov ol av0pa>7roi, koX outcw? 

9 koKco. irapbi Tavrqv Tr}v ttoTuv ffv irvpafih "Kidivf), 
TO fiev eipo<; kvo^ ifKedpov, to hk v^ro9 hvo irXkOpcov. 
€irl TavTi]<: iroXKol t&v ^apfidpa>v ^aav iic t&p irXf)^ 

10 o-lov KOifuav diroTre^vyoTe^;. ivTCvdev eTropevdrja-av 
CTadfibv €va, nrapaadrfya^ ef, 7rpo9 T€t;^09 eprjjjiov fieya 
7rpo9 [t^] TToXet K€Lfi€vov' ovofui he rjv T§ TToXet Mi- 
airCKa' MijSoi, S' avTiqv ttotc wkovv, ^v Bk r} fiep 
KprprU \i0ov ^eoTov KoyxvTuaTov, to eipo^ wein^- 

llKovra TToS&v /cal to vyjro<; irevT'qKovTa. iirl hk tuvt^ 
i'7rq>KoB6fir]TO ifklvOivov Tevxp^y to fiev €tipo<: TrevTif- 
Koma TToS&v, to Sk iJ^09 CKaTov tov Se kvkKjov 17 
irepioho^ §f Trapaa&f^OA. hnavOa iXiryero M'^Beui 
yuvT) ^aaCKeoD^ KaTO^irfeiv, OTe diroikea'av Tf)v dp^rjv 

12 VTTO Hepa&v MijSoi, TavTrjv Bk tt^v iroKiv iroKiopK&v 
6 Ilepa&v fiaaCKeif^ ovk eBvvwTo ovt€ XP^^^ iXeiv ovtc 
ffia* Zexyi S' efi^povTTjTov^ irocei tou9 ivoucovvTa<;, Kal 

13 ^Emevdev S' iiropevdriaav aToOfibv eva, irapaadrf- 
7a9 T^TTapa^, eh tovtov Be tov aradfiov Tiao-a^pprj^^ 
iTre^dvrj, o{;9 re auT09 hnria^ ^XOev e%ft)i/ Kol t^v 
^OpovTov Bvvajjbiv TOV TTjv ^aaCKeco^ l^vyaTepa e^ovro^ 
Kal 0U9 Kvpo<; €;^o>j/ dvefii] fiapfidpov<: /cal ots 6 ^aatr 
X€o>9 aS€X^09 exayv ^aaCkel e^oijdei, koI 7r/oo9 toi5to^9 
oa-ov^ fiaaiXeiff: eBoDKev avT&, Hare to aTpdTevfia TrdfSr 

HiroXv i^dvrj, iirel S' €77i'9 eyei/ero, Tct^ /lev t&v To^etov 
el'xev iinadev KaTOOTriaa^, tA9 Bh eU Td ifKar^ui irapor 
7070)1/ i/MfiaKKeiv fiev ovk iToXp/rjaev ouS' ifiovXeTO 
BuiKivBvveveiv, a^pevBovav Be Trapi^yyeike koX To^evecv, 

Xdiirel Bk BuvraydevTe^ oi 'PoBiov ea^evBovqaav Kal oi 
[SKvOai] To^oTat eTo^eva-av Kal ovBeU f)fidpTav€v av" 


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BOOK m. OHAP. IV. 81 

Spo^, ovSi ^hp ei irdw 'n-povOvfieiro pqZiop f^p, seal 6 
TuTacu^pvq^ fiaka rax'^<o^ 6^ ^ fieXoiv aire)((apet koX ai 
aXKcu ra^ei^ dTrexa>pi]a-av. Kal to 7u)i'7r6v Try; fipApm oi 16 
fihf iiropevovTO, oi S' elirovro' koX ovKirv ialvovro oi 
fidpfiapov [t§ t6t€ dfcpo/SoXicec]' fULKporepov yhp oi 
'PoScoL T&v T€ Ilepa&v ia-<l>€vS6va)v seal r&v ifKeUrrfav 
TO^oT&v. fieydXa Sk koI rd ro^a rd Ilepa-ucd iarnv* 17 
&aT€ 'XPl^^H^ ^^ OTToaa oKUticolto t&v ro^evpArtov 
To?9 Kprja-l, K(u SteriXow %/:>co)X€vot Toi<; t&v iro\6p,(tov 
TO^evpMai, /cal ep,ehATWv To^eveiv av<a ihrre^ p^cucpdv. 
evpiaK€TO B^ teal vevpa iroXKd iv rat9 icdp^cu^ koX p^ 
\vj8So9, <3<rr€ '^(prja'Oac €t9 Ta9 a-^evZova^, koI Tavrp 18 
phf TTf ripApcLi irrel KaTearpaTOTrehevovTO oi '^EXKrjve^ 
K(opuv<: iircTVXovTe^, dirrjKOov oi ^dpfiapov p^lov expv- 
T€9 iv T§ t6t€ dxpo/SoXiaet' Tijv 8* eiruivaav T^p^kpav 
ep^ivav oi ''£XX.i;v€9 /cat iirecrcTia-avTo • ^v jdp iroXif^ 
aiTQ<: iv tcu<: K(x>pai^, t§ S' varepaia iiropevovTo Bid 
Tov ireBloVy Kal Turaa^epvr}^ eXirero dxpo^oXi^op^evo^. 
€v0a Bff oi ''EKXrjve^ Syva>aav, otv irXavcriov laoirKevpov 19 
irovripd Td^t<; etr) iroKep^loav eiropAvGDV. dvd/y/cij jdp 
ioTVV, fjv p>ev avy/cwTTr} Td KipaTa tov TrXaurlov fj 
oBov aT€V0Tipa<: ovfrq^ fj opi&v dva^xa^ovToyv fj ye^ih 
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/}(09 ap^ pkv iriefypAvov^ dpxi, Bk Kal TapaTTopAvov*;' 
&<rr€ Bva^prjcrTOV^ elvai dvdryKf) dTdKTOV<: Svto^, otov 20 
S' ai BuKTxy Td KipaTa, dvdr/Kr) BuunraaOai, Toif<; t6t€ 
iKffKi^opAvov^ Kal K€vov rfiyvea'dat to pAaov t&v Kepd- 
T<ov, Kal ddvpelv tov9 TavTa nrda'XpvTas: t&v ir6\ep>l(dv 
iiropAviov, Kal onroTe Bioi» yi<j>vpav Buifialvetv fj aX\ajv 
Tivd Bidpa/TtVy icirevBev eKaoTo^ fiov\6p>€vo<: ^ddaa^, 
irp&To^' Kal eveirLderov ^v ivTavda Tot<; iroXep^loK. 
iirel Bk TavTa eyvaya-av oi OTpaTriyoly iirotriaavTO If 21 
iJyXP^^ ^^^ ifcaTOV avBpa^, Kal Xoxo^ov^ iiriaTrja'av 
fcaX dXKov9 irevTriKOvrfipa/; Kal dXKQV<$ ivap^Tapx^^' 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 


oStoc Sk iropevofj^poi oi Xoxo^ol, ottotc fiep avy/c^Trroi 
rit Kepara, inrifiepov vcrrepoh &ot€ /jl^ iv<y)(Keip rdh 

aZtcipaa-i, rore Bi iraprfyov S^coOep r&v tcepdnov. oiriire 
hk iiOAT'Xpi'^ dl TrXevpal rov m-Xatalov, rh fUaov &t^ 
i^eirlp/TrKourcaft el fihf arev&repov ehi jo Stexpv, fcarib 
XS^pv^, el Bk ir\arvT€pop, Karb, irevTriKoartr;, el Sk 
irdw ifKaTV, icar €va)fioTla<:* Sxrre ae\ iicrrketov elvat 

23 TO fjAaov. el hk kcu iuifiaiveiv rtvh hht Bidfiaa-a/ ij 
yi<f>vpap, oifK eTapdrrovro, aXX iv tc5 fiipev ol 'K(y)(arYol 
SUficuvov /cat el irov Bioc rv 7^9 <l)aKa^o<;, eTniraprj- 
o'ov oStoc, TOVTtp T^ TpoTTtp hropevBricav araOfiov^ 

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^curCkeiov rv ical irepl avro K&>p,as 7ro\X^9, rffv Bk oSbv 
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eWop fikv Toif^ yrjKotpov^ aa-fievot 01 ^EXkffve^, c&9 eUo^, 

25x0)1/ Trokefilwv Svrayp Iwrriav iirel Bk iropevofievov €k 
Tov ireBlov ave^rjaav esrl rov irp&rov yipu)(})OP tcaX 
/carificupop C09 eTrl top erepop dpa/SeUpeip, iprtwda hrir 
ylrfpoprai oi ^dp^apov koX diro rov {nfrrfKov eh to irpa- 

26 1/^9 efioKKop, ia^epB6p(dPf eTo^evep xnro futcrTlr^oiPy koX 
'iro'KKjoii^i KaTeTiTpaya-KOP teal eKpdvqaap t&p ^EXKrfPtap 
yvfiPi^TCDP Kol /caTi/cXeio-ap avTOv^ eta-o) t&p rnXjcov* 
&aTe irapTdTToai, twutt^p ttjp fipApap a')(p7fcrT0t fjaap 
ip Tc5 3^X9 Spt€<; /cal oi a^>€pBopf]T(u koI oi to^Stcl^ 

27 €7r€l Bi 7rie^6fjLepoc oi ^'EWrjpe^ hre)(elpr}aap Buo/ceip, 
a^oXy fikp eirl to dxpop d^vKVovpTai oifKiTai 6pTe^, 

28 oi Bk TToXifi^ot Ta'xp direm^Bcop, wdXtP Bk owoTe dm'lr 
oiep 7rpo9 TO aXKo arrpdTevfia, Tainb, eircurxpp, koI 
€7rl TOV Betrripov yqXo^v Taxnd eyiypeTO, ware diro 
TOV TpLTov yi]\6<f)ov eBo^ep avToi^ firj /cvpelp Toi'9 or par 
TW0Ta9, Trplp diro t^9 Be^id<i ifKevpa^; tov irTuuaiov 

29dpi^a/yop TreXTa^ard^ 7r/)09 to 6po^, eTrel S' oSrot 
eyipopTo inrkp t&p hrop4pa>p iroXefilayp, ovKiri irreTi- 


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BOOK in. CHAP. IV. 88 

Beino oi iroXAfii^i rol^ learapalvovai, BeSoi/cSre^, fiii 
diroT/MTfOelrja-av ical afufxyripc^Oev avr&v jivoivro oi 
TToXA/JLvov. ovTO) TO T^iirbv T^9 fj^pas TTopevofiepoc, ol 30 
fihf iv ry 68ip Karh roif^ yrjKS^ov^, oi Bk Karct, to 6po^ 
eimrapiovTe^;, o^Ikovto €t9 tA9 K(i>iia^ /cat larpoif^ Kari- 
oT7)(rav 6kt(o* ttoXKoI yhp fjaav oi rerptofUvoc. hnav- 31 
0a efieivav fifiepa^ rpelf; /cat r&v Terptofiiv&v ivexa koI 
&fia eirin^Beui iroKKib el'xpp, oKevpa, oivov, /cpc0h<: hr- 
7roi<: avfifie^rj/jUva*; 7roX\a9. ravra Sk cruvevriver/fikva 
Ijv TftJ aaTpairevovTL ttj^ 'xa>pa^. lerdprrj 8' r)pApa 
Kara/Saivova-iv 6t9 to ireBlov. CTrel Be KariXafiev av-32 
T0U9 Tco-aa^€pvrj<: cin/ t§ Bwdfiei, iBlBa^ev avroin; rj 
dvdrfKJ] KaTO^icqvriaaL oi irp&TOV elBov Kcofirjv ical fiif 
TTopeveo'Oat en fia')(p/jL€vov^' ttoXXoI yctp fjaap wko- 
yM')(pii oi T€Tpa)fievov Kal oi eKeivov^ <l>epovTe<; Kal oi 
T&v <f>€p6vT0i)v rh oifXa Be^djJLevoi. iirel Bk KaT€a-/cij'23 
VTfa-av Kal i7r€')(eipr)aav airroi^ aKpopoXlt^eaOat oi jSdp- 
^apoi 7rpo9 TTjv /C(op/r)u 7rpoai6vT€<:, iroXif irepirjaav oi 
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Xea-Oac. rjvlKa S' fjv tjBtj BeCXrf, &pa ^p dinevai, Tot9 34 
TroXefjLLOL^' ov7roT€ yap fietov aTrearpaTOTreBevovTO oi 
^dp^apoL Tov 'EXKrfviKov i^Kovra oto^Blcov, <j)offoih 
fievoi, fiff T^9 jawT09 oi '^EWi]V€<: iircdrnvrat, avTot<^. 
TTOVTjpbv yap vv/ct6<; eoTC OTpdrevfia HepaiKov. oX re 35 
yhp Zmrot axnoh BeBevrav Kal &^ iirl to ttoXv ttctto- 
BuTfievot elcrl rov fifj <f)€vy€vv evexa, el XvOeirja-av, idv 
re T^9 ^opv^o^ ylrpf7)Tat, Bel eTna-d^at rov hnrov Hep- 
a-fj dvBpl Kal x^TuvAa-av Bei Kal ^cDpaKiaOevra dva- 
firjvai €7rl rov vmrov. ravra Bk irdvra ^aXeTrA vvKrtop 
Kal ^opv^ov ovro^. rovrov evcKa 7r6ppa> direo'K'^vovp 
T&v ^EXKrjvoyv, iirel Bk er^lrfUcoaKov avrov<i oi '^EWr)- 36 
^€9 fiovKofiivovi dirievat Kal BvarfyeXKofiivovf;, €Ki]pv^e 
Toi<; ^^HTCKria-L cva-Kevd^eaOav aKovovTtov t&v iroXeubUov. 


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84 xekophon's akabasis. 

KoX xp^^o^ f^v '^f'^^ hria-'xpv 7^9 iropeia^ ol ^dp^apoi, 
eTreiBrj Se o'^jre iylryvero, airriecav • ov yap iBoKCt \vai* 
rekelv avToh vvkto<; iropeveadai /cal KaTwyecrOav im 

37 TO OTpaToirehov, iireiBr) Se cra^w ainoincDf; ijBi] edyptov 
oi ^^EXKrjve^, eiropevovro fcal avTol ava^ei^avre^ koX 
SirjXdov 6(Tov e^riKOvra crraSiovf;, /cai fyiypeTat, tocov- 
Tov fjL€Ta^v T&v (TTpaTevfidrtoVi wore t§ varepaia ov/c 
i(l>dvr)o-av ol TroXifitoc ovBk rfj rpiTTj, ry Be TerdpTj) 
vvKTQ<; irpoeKdovre^ KaraXafi^dvova-t '^capiov inrep- 
Be^vov ol ^dp^apoLy fj efieXKov ol ^^EWrjvef; irapievaiy 
dKpo)vvx^o,v 6pov<;, v(l> rjv rf KaTd^dai^ ^v eh to ire- 

38 Biov. eTrecBrj Bk icopa Xeipiaoipo^ TrpoKareckrjfjLfiivrjv 
rfjv dKpwvvx^cLVi KoXel Sei/o^win-a uTro t^9 oifpd^ teal 
Kekevev Xa^ovra tov^ TreKrao'Ta^ wapar/evea'dav eh to 

SdTrpoaOev. 6 Be Sievocft&v tov9 fiev 7re\Taa-Ta<; ovk ^ev' 
eTn^aivojievov y^p eoopa Tiao'tKpepvrjv xal to CTpd- 
Tevfjua irav • auT09 Be irpoa-ekdaa*; fjpa>Ta, Tl KcCKeh ; 
6 Be Xeryei avrS, ''E^eartv opdv irpoKaTetXTjirrcu yap 
rifilv 6 virep tt}^ KaTa^daeco^; \6^o<;, xal ovk eart 

40 irapeXdelv, el fjurj tovtov^ diroKo^oiiev. aXXA t/ ovk 
^69 TOv<; irekToaTdf; ; Be \eyev, otl ovk eBoKei avTM 
eprj/xa KaTdXnreiv Tct oTricrOev TroXefiicov eTn^atvofie- 
vcov, ^AXKa fir^v &pa 7', €<f)r}, ^ovXeveadac, 7rG>9 Tt9 

41 Toif<; dvBpa^; direka dirb tov \6<f>ov, emavda Sevo(f>&v 
opa TOV opov<: ttjv Kopv<f)fiv inrep avrov tov eavT&v 
OTpaTevfuiTo^ oZcrav, Kal diro TavT7j<; ecfyoBov cttI tov 
\6^ov, evda fjaav ol 7ro\e/jiioi, Kal Xeyet, KpdTvo'TOV, 
& Xeipi(ro<f>€ fip!tv Xecdav (09 Tdxf'GTa iirl to aKpov* 
fjv yhp TovTO Tui^oD/jbev, ov BwrjcovTav pApeiv oi virkp 
•7^9 6B0V. dXKd, el fiovXei, fieve ewl t^ orpaTevfuiTi, 
eyoa S' edeKto iropeveadai' el Bk XPV^^^^» iropevov hrX 

42 TO opo^, iyo) Bi fiev& avTov. ^AXXA BlBa>fil a-ov, l<fyr} 
6 Xeuplao^o^i owoTepov ^ovXjei eXAada^, eliriav 
1Sevo<]>a)Vf oTi veanepo^ ioTLV, aipeiTOJ, 7ropeve<rdiU, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK in. CHAP. IV. — V. 86 

iceXeve^ Si oi avfjim-ifuy^ai dirb rod crrofioTO^ &vhpa^* 
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a-o<f>o^ avp/iri^irev tox)^ dirb rov aT6fiaT0<; ireKraard^* 
eKa^e Sk tou9 Karct /juiaov rov ifKouaLov. awiireaOcu 
S' i/ceKevaev avro) koI tov^; rpuiKocrlov^; 069 avrb^ el^xe 
T&v iTTiXi/CTCOV iirl t£ OTOfiarv rov ifKcuaiov. hn-ev- 44 
dev eiropeiovTO C09 iBvvavro rax^ara. ol S' iirl rov 
Tjo^v TToXe/jLcot, (09 ivoTjaav avr&v rffv TTOpelav iirl to 
axpov, €v6ij<; /cai avrol &pp/qaav dficXXcUrdav iirl to 
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& U€V0<f>&v, iafiiv aif fiev yhp 6^' Ihnrov a)(7J, eyo) 
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iBvvaTO Td')(i(rTa e^o)!/ eiropevero* ervyxave Bk Kal 
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irapikvai fi6)u<; e7rofiivoi'$, ol S' aXKoi, orpaTC&Tai^d 
iraiovcTL koX fiaXKovav /cal XocBopovai, tov S(0T7jpiBrjv, 
eare rjvdryfcaaav Xa^ovTa Tr)v dtririBa nropeveadai. 6 
Be dva^d<i, eoD^ fiev ^daifjia fjv eirl tov vmrov fi^ev, 
eirel Bk a/SaTa fjv, /caTdKv7ra>v tov Xwrrov eairevBe 
ire^y. /cal <j>0dvov<Tiv iirl to) axp^ yevofievoi Toin; 

^EvOa Br) ol fiev ^dp^apoL aTpa<f>ivT€^ e<l)€vyov ^ 5 
eKaoTO^ iBvvaTO, ol S' '^EXKr)ve<; el^pv Tb axpov, ol Bi 
d/upl Tca-a-a^^ipvTjv koI ^Apuuov diroTpairofievoi, aWrjv 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

86 xejtophon's anabasis. 

6S6v ^ovTO. ol Sk a/jb^l Xei,pifro^v Karafiavre^ eh 
TO ireSlov itrrpaToireheva'avTo iv Ktofitf fiear^ ir6KK&9 
arfaj9&v. ^aav Sk koI aXKac /c&fjuu iroTsXal 'irXi^pec^ 
iroW&v ar/aO&v iv rovrtp r^ nrehUp irapii top Tiyprp-a 

2 irorafiov, 'qvi/ca 8* ^p Setkr), i^airivr)<; ol iro\kfiiOL 
eirif^alvovrat iv r& irehUp, /cat r&v ^EXKrjvoav Kore- 
Koy^dv rifVw; r&v icTKeScurfiivayv iv r^ TreSlq) koO* 
afyrrarf^v /cal yctp vofutl iroWal jSoc/cq/JbdroDV hta^ir- 
fia^ofievai eh to nrkpav rov irorafiov KareK'q^Ofjaav. 

3 hnavOa Tca'o-a<f>ipvr]<: /cal ol ainf avr& Kakiv iirexel- 
prjaav rct<: K(S)fia<;. koI r&v ^E^K'/jVOiv p^aka rjdvp/qadv 
rives, iwoovfJLevoc, p,ij rh eTrir^qSeia, el KaCoiev, ov/c 

4 e^otev oiroOev "kap^^dvoiev, koI ol fiev dfKpl Xetptr 
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Karifirj, irapekavv(dv rh<; rd^ecs^, r/vi/ca dirb tiJ? /Sorj- 

5 0ela^ dirqvrrjaav ol ''EXkrjve^, eXeyev, ^Opare, & avSpes 
''EXKrjve^, v^Uvra^ rijv %<opai/ ijBij ^fierepav elvav ; 
h ydp, ore iairh/Bovro, Sierrpdrrovro, firf xaiecv rrjv 
fia^aCKkw^ 'Xa>pav, vvv airrol KcUovaiv (09 dWorplav. 
aXX idv irov KaraSJm^al ye avroh rh €7nri]Seia, 

6 Syfrovrac /cal ij/ifi? ivravOa iropevopAvov^, a\X', & 
Xecpiao^e, e^, hoKel p^oi fforjdetv iirl tov9 Kalovra^ 
C09 inrkp rrjf; f}p,eripa<;. 6 Zk Xeipla-o<l>o<: elwev, Ovkow 
epoi^e SoKet' dWk /cal fipehy 1^, KaUop^v, /cal ovro) 
Sarrov iravaovraL. 

7 ^Eirel Bk iirl ra^ aKrjvhs aTnjXOov, ol pkv aXXoi 
irepl rh iircn^Beui fjaav, arparrjyol Be xal \oxarfol 
avvrjXOov. Kal ivravOa rroWff diropla fjv* evOev p,hf 
yhp 6p7j Ijv inrepvy^Tui, evdev Bk 6 irorapit^ roaovro^ 
ro fidOo^ C09 p/TfBk tA Bopara iirepixcvv 'ireip<op>€vot<; 

8 rov pd6ov<;. drropovpivoi^ 8' avroh irpoaeSJdoiV Tt9 
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vpA^ Karh rerpa/cta')(CKlov<; oirXlra*;, &v ipx)l &v Beo- 
p4U vrrqpenjarjre Kal rdXavrov piaOov iropiarjre. 


by Google 

BOOK m. CHAP. V. 87 

ipcyra^iMevo^ Si orov Siotro, ^Ao'k&v, l<fyr), S^o^tXitoii 9 
Bei^a-oficu' iroXSA S' 6p& ravra TrpSjSara /cal atya^ 
Kot )8o{}9 Kol 0V0V9, & airoSapivTa /caX ^varjOiirra ^ 
Sto)9 &v Trapi'xpv ttiv iid^a/nv. Beijaofuu Si teal r&v 10 
Sea/i&v oh xpfj<T0€ irepX rb, vTro^vyta' rovrot^ ^ev^a^ 
TOU9 oaKov^ 7rpo9 aW?y\ou9, opfilca^; i/caarov oxtkov 
\idov<i dpTi](ra<: kclI a^U Hawep d^Kvpa^ ek rb iScup, 
Sca/yarfoyv xal dfi(f>OT€pa}0€V S^(ra<:, einpaKS) vkrjp Kal 
7^1/ ein<f>opri(T(d* ore fikv ovv ov /caradvo'ea-ffe avri/ea 11 
fjbdKa etcreade' iras ybp aaxo^ Svo avSpc^ i^ec rod fiij 
3caT(iSvp<U' &aT€ Sk p^r) okurOdvetv 17 vKr) kcu fi yrj 
a^crev. d/cova-aai, ravra T0Z9 crrparrjyoh to p,kv iv- 12 
6vpsf\p^ XapCev iSoxev elvai, to 8' ep^ov aSvvarov 
Tjaav jap oi KayXvo-ovres iripav iroXKol iTnreh, ot evdis 
T0A9 irpwToc^ ovSkv &v iiriTpeiTov rovrayv iromv. iv-lZ 
TOvOa T7JV p^hf vtrrepaiav iirave'x&tpovv ek roip/irdXuf 
\fj\ 7rpo<: Ba^vX&va ek 7^9 aKavarov^ /cSpx^, /carar 
Kaiaavre^ evOep i^eaav' &<rre oi 7roXip,iO(, ov irpoaif- 
"Kawov, aXKib iOe&vro /cal op^oioi fjaav BavpA^eiv, oirov 
nrork rpe^vrai, oi '^EWr)V€<: xal rl iv v^ exotev, 
eirravda oi phf aXKxiV aTparc&Tat, dp,<f>X rh iiriTijSeuiH 
^aav* oi Sk aTpaTrjyol /cal oi Xo^a^ol irdXcv awrjkdovy 
Kol (Twar/ar/6vTe<i roiff; ecCKcoKora^ fjkerf)(pv ttjv Kv/ckcp 
iraaav xo^pav rk e/cdarr] etr), oi S* eXeyov, on tcL 15 
p,h/ 9r/}09 p*€(T7jp,fipiav t^9 iirl Bafiv\&va ecT) /cal Mr)- 
Slav, St' Tiairep rfKoiev, 17 Si irpo^ eiw eirl Xovad re Kal 
^E/cfidrava (f>€poc, evda Bepl^ecv /cal iapl^eiv Xir/erat 
fiaaCKev^f f) Si Sva^dvrc rov Trorap^ov irpo^ eairipav 
eTrl AvSlav Kal ^loivlav (f>€pot, 17 Si Sict t&v opicov Kal 
7rpo<; ap/cTov rerpappAvr} otv et9 KapSovxpv<: ar/oi, 
Tovrov<; Si eifniaav oIk€iv dvh rh 6p7f Kal 7ro\epvKov<; IQ 
elvaiy KoX ^aaCXAo)^ ovk aKoveiv, dWb xal ip^aXetv 
iroTe €49 avTOv<: fiaaiXiK^v arpaTihv S(oS€Ka p,vpi^a<;' 
TOVTCDV Si ovSha dirovooTrja-ai Scb ri^v Svayfapvav. 


by Google 

88 xenophon's anabasis. 

OTTore fihrroc 7rpo9 top caTpdirrfv tov ev r^ ireSl^ 
(nreia-avvTo, koI iircfii/yvvva^ cr^&v re 7rpo<: ixelvovs 

17 Kol ixeLVcov 7rpo9 iamov'i. dKov<ravT€<; ravra oi arpar- 

TTiyol iKodLO-aV %fi)pi9 T0U9 €KaO'Ta')(6a€ <f)da'KOVT€l<i 

elBepat, ovSev Bfj\ov irotriaavre^y ottov Tropevea-Ocu 
efieXXov. iSoxec B^ T0Z9 (rrpaTTjyolf; dvar/Kalov eli/cu 
Bed T&v opitov eh KapBouxpv'^ ifi^aXeiv tovtov<; yctp 
BcekOovra^; €<f>aaav ek ^Apfievlav ri^eiVy ^9 ^Op6vTCL<i 
fjpX^ 7roXX^9 Ka\ evBaliiovo^, ivrevOev S' einropov 

18 €(f>aa'av elvat, ottoi Tt9 iOeKot Tropevea-dat, iirl tov- 
T0^9 edvaavTOi oiroj^i, OTrrjviKa koI BokoIt) t§9 &pa^y tt^v 
TTOpelav TTOLolvTO • Tr)v yap VTrep/SoXrjv t&v 6pia)v iSe- 
BovKeaav fifj 7rpoKaTdKr]<f)6€i7) • Kal TrapijyyeiXav, iireiSy 
BuirvrjO'aieVy avv€<TK€vacriJbivov<; 7rdvTa<; dvairaveaOav, 
Kal hreadav, f\viK dv t^9 Traparf^kXK'g. 

BOOK IV. /i/.;^:/? 

1 ^^Oaa fiep Brj ev rfj dva^daet eyevero fii'xpi 7^9 
fid)(7j<;, Kal Sera fierd rfjv fidyriv ev rah (nrovBah S9 
fiaaiXeif^i Kal ol aifv Kvptp dva^dvTe<; ''EX\7}ve<: ecnrei- 
aavTOy Kal oaa TrapajSdvro^ t^9 (nrovBd^; fiaa-i\ia>^ Kal 
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Xovdovmo^ TOV IlepcrvKov (TTpaTevfiaTo^, ev tc3 Trpo- 

2 crOev X07P BeBrjXMTai, eirel Bk df^iKovro Svda 6 /jl€p 
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Kal fieryeOof;, irdpoBo^ Bk ovk fjv, dXKd Ta EupBov^euL 
6pri diroTOfia inrkp avTOV tov iroTa^ov eKpifULTO, iBoKei 
Brf T0*9 (TTpaTTfyoh Bi^ t&v opitov iropevreov eXvai. 

3 fjKovov ydp T&v dXva-KOfievcov, otc, el BieKBoiev Td Kap- 
Boxyyeia 6pi], ev tt} ^Apfievla Td<: irrj^d^ tov TlypTjTO^ 
TTOTafiov, fjv fikv fiovKoovTac, But^rjaovTai,, fjv Bl fiff 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


fiovXavTcu, irepiflaai,. koI rov Evifipdrov Sk tA? tti;- 
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dfii^X rifv TcXevralav if>v\aic^v koX ekeiwero t^9 wkto^ 
oaov (TKoralov^ hveKJdeiv to ireSlov, TrjviKavra avaardv- 
T69 diro wapa/yyiXaeo)^ wopevofievot cuf>t/cvovvTai a/ui 
ry VM'ipa 7r/oo9 to 6po(;. evda Srj X€ipUro<f>o^ fihf rjyeiro 6 
Tov oTpaTevfjLaro^ Xafioyv to dfjuf> avrbv koX tov9 tu- 
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Suj/09 iSoxec elvac, fii] Tt9 dvo) TropevofjAvfov eic rov 
owva-dev iiritnrooTO. koX hrl fihf to axpov avafialvei 7 
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ypi<i T&v opeoDV. evda hrj oi fih KapSovxot i/c7u7r6vT€<; 8 
Ta9 olxia^ e^ovre^ koX yxjvalKas xal iralBa/; €<f>€vyov 
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eirelirep ^aaiKel iroXefiLot Tjaav rd /juiproc iinTriheLa, 9 
OT(^ Tt9 eTrtTvyxdvoi, iKdfJifiavov dvdr/K7) ydp ^v. oi 
Bk KapSovxoi ovT€ KokovvTcov vTn^KOVov ovT€ dXKo 
^iXiKov ovSei/ iiroloiw. iirel 8k oi reXevraloL t&v 'JBX- 10 
Xrjvwv Kare^aovov efc t^9 KODfia^ diro rov dxpov ijBt) 
a-KOTOioc, Sid ydp to arevrjv elvau rfjv oSbv oXrjv Tr}v 
'^fiipav Tj dvd^aai^ airol^ iyivero koI Kard^aai^ €t9 
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XlOoi^i Kal TO^evfiaac KaTerpaxrav, oXir/oi Tivh ovre^* 

Digitized by 


90 xenophon's anabasis. 

ef airpoaZoKrjrov ^hp avroh iirkireae to ^ETCKtivikov. 

11 el fiivTOt t6t€ ifKelov^i aweKir/rja-av, ixivSvyevcrep &v 
hia<f>6aprivav irokif rod OTparevfiaTO^, xal Tavrrp/ fikv 
Tr}v vvKTa ovTa)9 ev Tac<; Kcofiav<; TjiXurOrja'av* oi Sk 
KapSov'Xpi' TTvph TToXXA eKaiov kvk\g) iirl r&v opitov 

12 /cal owefapayv oKKrfKov^, ajMi Sk rfj fiiiepa avveXOova-v 
Totf; aTpaT7ffoi<i Koi \(y)(wyoh r&v 'EW^vcov eBo^e t&v 
T6 vTTO^vylcov Tcb avarfKoia koI SwaTafrara iropeveaOav 
i)(pvTa^y KarcCKiirovTm ToKKa, koX oirotra fjv veoxrrl 
alxjiaSxoTa avSpdiroBa iv rfj ararvq. iravra a^eivcu. 

13 a'xpkaiav yap iiroiow Tfjv iropel(w iroKKtu ovra t^ 
vTTO^vyca koX ret at'x/iaKG}Ta, ttoKKoI Se oi hrl tovtoi^ 
ovT€^ airojia'xpo rjcrav, Si^Trkcund re ra iirLTrjheui eSei, 
iropi^ecrOai koX (fyipea-Oac iroXK&v t&v avOpdyirayv ovtcjv. 
So^av Be Tavra i/ajpv^av ovtcd iroieiv, 

14 ^EireX hi apioTrjaavre'^ hropevovro, eiriaTdirre^ iv 
arevw oi arpaTrjyoi, et tc evpidKOiev r&v elprjiievcav fiif 
a<f>eiiikvov, ajyrjpovvro, oi S' eireldovro, tfkrjv et rk t* 
exTieyfrev, olov fj ttcwSo? eindviMrjaa^ rj ywaiKo<; r&v 
exmpeir&v, koX Tavrr}v fikv rrjv ffjiepav ovt<o<; eiropev' 
Brja-av, rh fiiv tv yMyhp^voi rh h\ koI dvaTravojievoc. 

15 6& 8^ TTjv iarepaiav ylrperat jfecfiwv irdkv^y SLvarfKotov 
S' Tiv TTopevea-Oav* ov yhp f^v ixavci rh hriTrfheca. kclL 
ffjevTO /i€P Xecp{^o<po^, a)7na'0o(f>v7^K€i, Si U€vo<f>&v. 

16 Kal oi 'jroXifiiot, i(T')(yp&^ eireTiOevrOy icaX arev&v Svrtov 
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vcDV* wore rjvarfKa^ovTO oi ^EXXrfve^ eiriZmKOvres koX 
TrdXiv dva'xd^oine^ o^oky TTopeieaOai* Kal BufivvcL 
irapT^rffeXkev 6 UevoKJy&v vtrofikveiv, OTe oi iroXe/uot^ 

17 la-'xypw eiriKeoiVTO. evOa 6 Xecpiao^^ SXXoTe fxev, 
OTe iraperf^v&TO, virefieve, t6t€ he ovx inrifJLevev, dJOC 
fjye Tax^(o^ Kal iraf^ff^va eTrea-Oac, &<tt€ BrjXov ^p, 
OTi TrpSr/fid TV eiTf a-'^pXi) S* ovk fjv tSelv irapekBomk 
TO oXtiov t^9 o-ttouS^J?' &<jt€ 71 TTOpcia ofioia 0vyS 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


iyiyvero roi^ 67na6o(f>v\a^i. koX ivravda iiroOvija-Kei 18 
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iirl (rrafffiov, €v0v<; wairep el')(€v 6 Si€vo<f>&v i\ff&>v Trpb^ 
TOP XeopCa'o<f>ov 'pTiaro avrov, on ov^ virifiecvev, aW' 
yvar/Kd^ovTO ^eirfovre^ afia fidxccOai. Kal vvv Svo 
KoKdy re KorfoBw avBpe ridvarov, koX ovre dveXiaOcu 
ovT€ Sd^jrai iSwdfieda. diroKpiverai 6 X6t,p(a'o<f>o^, 20 
B'X^ov, ecjyr}, irpo^ rh oprj Kal IBi, ©9 a^ara irdvra 
ia-Ti* fjLia S^ avTTj 0S09 ^v opa<i 6p0ia, xal errl ravrij 
ca/OpcoTTcov opav e^earl aot 8)(\ov roaovrov, ot Kareir 
\n]<f)6Te; (j)v\dTTOvat rrp; ^K^aaiv. ravr iycD ?(r7rei;-21 
Sov Kal Scit Tovro ae ov^ virifievop, et tto)? hwaip/qv 
<f>0da'ac irplv KareCKri^Oao t7)v mrep^ciX/^v ol S* ^ye- 
fi6v€^ 01)9 e^ofiev ov (fxtaiv elvav SXKtjv oBov. 6 Sk22 
U€PO<l>&v \eryet, *-4XX' eyo) l^w Bvo avSpa<;, iirel yhp 
rifilv irpdrfpura irapei'xpvy ivrjBpevaafiev, oirep 17/^9 
Kal dvairvevaav iirolrja-e, Kal direKrelvap.h riva^ axh 
T&Vy Kal 0vra^ m'povdvfii^Orfp^ev Xa^eiv airrov tovtov 
ev€K€i/y 07ra)9 rffep^otriv elBocrc rrjv x^pav 'XpTjaaip^eda. 

KxxX €d6v<: dr/ar/6vT€<: rov^ dvOpwirov^ Tp^^yxpv Bui- 23 
Xafiovre;, et rvva elZelev aXKrjv oBov fj rrjv <f>avepdv. 
6 [ikv ohf &r€po<; ovk e<^ Kal pd\a iroXK&v <f)6^(ov 
irpoaaryofiivwv' eirel Bk ovBep a)(l>i\ifiov eXeyev, op&v 
T09 Tov erepov Karea^drff}. o Bl 7<jouirh<i SXe^ev, ota 24 
o5to9 fihf Bt€t Tavra ov <f>ali] elBevai,, 8to avr^ ervyxfive 
SvydrTjp iKet irap dvBpl eKBeBop^ivri* aino^ S' e^ 
fffTjO'eadaL Bwarfjv Kal vTro^vyioi^} TropeveaOav oBov. 
ipcyrQ}pL€VO^ B\ el eirf ti iv avry BvtnrdpcTov ^©/j/bi/, 25 
e^ elvat aKpov, h el fii] t49 wpoKaTaXi^yjrocTO, dBvvarov 
etretrOat irapeKdelv, ivravda iBoKei <TvyKaKAauvTa^2^ 
Xojffvyovf; Kal TreXraarit^ Kal r&v ottXct&v Xiyeiv re 
rh 'TTO^ovra Kal epoyrav, et rt,^ avr&v eariv oaris dvrjp 


by Google 

92 xestophok's akabasis. 

ar^aJdh^ iOiXoi &p yepiadod, koI viroarhs e0iKovri)<; iro' 

27 peveaOac. v^l<rraTat r&v fiev ottKct&v ^Apurroawfio^ 
MeOvhptexf^ *ApKh<; xal ^Aycurla<i SrvfJufxiXic^ ^Ap/cd^, 
avTLoraaui^fav hk avrol^ KdKKlfia')(ps Ilappdaio^ *Ap- 
Kas KoX o\no% Sifyr) iOiXeiv iropeveadav irpoa''kafia>v ide- 
Xovrh^ eK iravrb^ rod oTparevfiaTO^: • iya> ydp, eifnf, 
olBa, on ey^ovrcu iroTiXol r&v vicDV ifjLov riyovfikvov. 

28 eK TOVTOv ipa>T&aiv, et ta9 /cal t&p yvfiT/ifroDV Ta^tdp- 
yfov idiKoc avfiTTOpeveaOcu, v(f>laTaTcu ^Apurreas Xlo^, 
09 woXKa'Xpv TToKKov a^u)<: ry arpana els ret Totavra 

2 Kal ^v fih/ Selkrj tjStj, oi S' ixiKevov avroifs ifufxxn 
yovras iropeveadat. KoiX rov ff^efiova Si^a-avre^ wapa- 
hiZocuTLV avTols, KqX awTlOemcu rrjv fiev vv/era, rjv 
T^A^CDac TO axpov, to %a)/)/ov <}>v\dTT€iv, a/ia hk t^ 
'^fiipa T^ adXin/Yyt arffjuiiveiv' xal tou9 fiev avo) Sp- 
Ta9 Uvac iirl tov9 KaT€j(pvTa<s ttjv <l)av€pctv eK^aattf, 
avTol Sk avfJb/3or)0'q(Teiv i/cfiaivovT€<; ©9 &v Bvvcdvtcu 

2 Tdxf'OTa. TOUTa aw0ifi€vot oi fih/ hropevomro wXijdos 
(09 SuT'x^tkvoi* Kal vScDp iroXv ?iv i^ ovpavd6* H€vo<f>&v 
Se exfDV T0V9 OTrLaOotfivXjaKa^ ff^elTO Trpbs Ttfv <f>avephv 
CK^cunv, OTTCDs TavTp Tff 6S^ ol iroKkfivoi irpoai^ovev 

3 Tov vovv Kal C09 fidXitrra 7^0oi€v ol irepivovTcs, irre) 
Sk ^aav iirl 'xapdSpa ol 67rc(r0o<l>v\aKe<;, fjv IBei Bca- 
fidvTas 7rpo<s to 6p0iov eKfiaiveiv, TfjviKavTa eicvXiv- 
how ol fidpfiapo^ oXoiTp6j(pvs dfia^ialovs koI fjuei^ov^ 
Kal €\mttov<$, ot (f>€p6fi€vo^ irpos tA9 ireTpas TrraiovTes 
Si€a<}>€vSop&VTO* Kal iravTdiraaiv oifSk ireKaaat, olop 

4 t' ijv T^ elcoSt^. €Pioi Bk T&v Xo^arfSiVi el fifj Tavrp 
SvvaiVTO, aWrj eirevp&VTO' Kal Taiha hrolow p^XP^ 
(TKOTOS iyivero* iirel Be ^vto d<f>avels eivaL dirtovTes, 
TOTe dirrjXBov iirl to heZirvov* eTxrf)(<wov B\ koX dvdp^ 
oTov ovTe^f avT&v ol o7n,a'0o^vKaKri(TavTes. ol fiSrroi 
woTufiioi, {jpofiovfievoi SrjT^v oti,'] ovSh/ CTravaavTO St' 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. n. 93 

SXt^ TTJ^ WKTos icvKivSovvre^ roi><; Xldot^* rexfialpe' 
<r0ai S* ^v Tfi5 ^^(fxp. oi S' expvre^ rbv 'fyye/iova kv- 5 
KX/p irepuovre: KaTcCKafi^dvovai Toxf<i ^vKcuca^ afuf>l 
irvp Kodrifikvov^* Kal Toif<; fiev /caraKavovre^ Toif<i Sk 
KaraSuo^avre: avrol ivravd* efievov C09 to axpov Kari- 
XOVTe<i. oi S' ov KaT^lypv^ oKSjcl fjuurro*; Tjv inrkp aih 6 
T&p, irap hv ffv ri <tt€V7] avrq 6S6<;, €^' ^ iKddrjvro ol 
<l>vXa/c€^. 6^oSo9 fiivToi avroOev cttI tou9 TroXefilov^ 
ffv, ot eirl T^ <l>av€pa oS^ iKoOffPTO, teal ttjp fihf pv/cra 7 
hrravOa hirji^arfop* iirel S' ripApa vwi<l>at,P€P, hropexh 
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yitp 6fi0)(k'q iyipero, &(rre ekadop iyyif^; irpoaeXdopr&i. 
hrel 8k elSop aWi^Xov^s, fj re adXiri/y^ ii^dey^aro koI 
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iSi^aPTO, aX\A X^Troi/rev Ttfp oSop (f>€vyoPT€^ oXlrfov 
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dpafidpr€<; <09 iBvpopro dplpxop oKK'qkov^ toa9 86paai. 
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ycdplop. U€Po<}>&p 8k e'Xjap t&p o7na-0o(j)v\dKCi)P tov9 
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pov(TL 7<j6<f><p xnrkp t^9 o8ov KaTeiXrjfifiiptp inrb t&p 
iroXeiiUoPy 0&9 ff diroKoyfrac ^p dpdfy/cr) fj 8c€^€V)(j9ai diro 
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iKfirjpai. epda 8rf irapaKeTsjevadjiepoL dXKrikot^ irpoa- 11 
/SdXKovai 7rp69 top Xo^oi/ opOiov^ Toh "Xxyxpi,^, ov 
KVKKcp, oKKd KaToXcwoPTe^ a^8op T0t9 7ro\€/x/ot9, el 
BovKoiPTo (l)€vy€ip. Kal T€a)9 /*«/ avTov^ dpafialpop- 12 
Ta9 07177 i8vpapT0 eKcurro^ oi ^dpfiapoi ero^evop koX 


by Google 

94 xekofhon's akabasis. 

iPdXSjov, iyyif<i S' ov irpoalevro, aXXh <f>vy§ T^iTrovtn 
TO 'Xfoplov. Kill Tovrov T€ irapeKTfXvOeo'av ol ^EXX^ve^ 
Koi €T€pov op&aiv e/iirpoaOev X6<f>op Kare)(6/Jisp<n/ eirl 
IZtovtov aii0c<: iBoKec TropeveaOai. iwoijaw; S' o H&fo- 
<f>&v, p/qy el ep7ip>ov KaraKehroL rov rjXjoiHCOTa yjo^>oVi 
KoX icoKlv ysjap6vT&; ol iroKkfiioi, iiriOolvro toI^ inro- 
^xr^ioi,^ Trapvovciv, iirl iroKif 8* ^v rh viro^vyui are Su^ 
arevrjf; rfjf; oBov iropevop^eva, KaraXelirev iirl rod Xotfyov 
Xcyxayov^ Krf(f)ia'6Bci)pov Ki](l)iao^VTOf; ^AdrivaZov icaX 

'AfUf>tKpdT7IV *ApAf>lZriflOV 'A07)VCUOP KoX ^Ap^OTfOpOlf 

^Apyelov ^ir/dSa, avTo<: Be ainf roU Xoi'irot<s hropevero 
hrl Tov Bexnepov \6<f)ov, xal t& avr& rpow^ Kal toO- 

14toi/ alpovaiv, en S' ainok rpiro^ p^uno^ \onro<; fpf 
iroki) opdiMTaro^ 6 wrkp rfj^ cttI r^ Trvpl KaraK7i<f>6elr 

15(7179 ^vKoLKTi^ rrfi vvkto^ vtto t&v eOeKovr&v. iirel 8* 
eyryu9 iyipovTo ol '^EXKrjve<;, "Xjelirova-iv ol fidpfiapot 
dpxLyr}TX TOV p^cunov, &aTe ^avpMorov iraav yevea'Biu 
Kal virdyirrevov Belaavrm avTov<;, p^rj /cvKKmOevre^ 
TToXtopKOiPTO, dTToXiTretv. ol S' apa dirb rov aicpov 
KoOop&vre^ Tct oircadev ytrfvop^eva iravre'^ eirl tov9 

16 owicdoKfyvXaKa^ ij(ol>povv* Kal ^S€vo<j>&v p>€v aiw T049 
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^ecav, Kal irpoehSovra^ Koriu rfjv oBbv ev to5 6p,cLK& 

17 ^eaOai rh oifXa elire. Kal iv rovrtp t^ XP^^^ fjkOeif 
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Karct T^9 werpa^ irpo^ rov^ 6'jrt,a'0o(f>v\aKa^ o^Ikovto* 

18 ravra Be hioTrpa^dp^evov ol fidp^apoc ^kov eir cani- 
TTopov "hxii^ov r^ /UKTTft) * Kal jSi€vo(f>&v BuX&yero axrrol^ 
Bt^ epp/qveto^; irepl airovB&v Kal tov^ veKpov^ aTryrc*. 

19 ol Bk l<l>a^av a/jroBJ^eiv €^ ' oS p^t) KaUiv Ta9 Kmfia^. 
awmp^Xoyev ravra 6 Bevo^&v, iv cS Be rop>h S>0^ 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK rv. CHAP. n. 96 

(TTpaTevfia irap^et, oi hk ravra Si€\eyovTo, iriinres oi 
€K TOVTov Tov TOTTOV aweppvffa-av. ivravda Zaravro 
oi 7rd\ifiioi. /cal iirel ijp^avTo Karafiah/eip wiro toO 20 
fiaoTov irpos tov^; aXKov^, evOa rh ottKol l/ceivro, Xeirro 
S^ oi TToXAfJbioi TToXX^ ifkrjdeL koX Sopv/Stp' xal iirel 
iyepovTO eirl rrj^ /copvif)7j^ rov fiaarov, cuf)* oi Uejwfwv 
Kare^aivev, i/cv\lvSow irkrpw; " koX €J/o9 fihf KaTea^cw 
TO a-KiKo<:, Uevoffy&vra Sk 6 vTrcunrurrt)^ €x<ov r^v 
cunrlZa aTriXcirev EvpvXxy)(p^ S^ Aovacev^ ^Ap/ch<: 21 
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fik7f/jL€V0<: am'exmp€L, teal oi aXXoi 7rpo9 tov9 avpre- 
TorfpAvov^ airrjXJBov. etc 8k tovtov itav 6p4)v erf evero 22 
TO ^EWrfViKOP, fcal iaKi^vrfaoj/ avrov iv ttoXXoZ? koI 
KcCKah oIkUlu^ Koir iircTrjSeioi^ Sayjn\i<n • /cal ycip olvo<; 
iroXvs ^Vy hp ip \dK/coi^ KOPiarol^ €l')(pp. U€PO<f>&p Se 23 
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dirodapovcnp i/c t&p Bvpar&v, Zairep pop^l^erai apBpd- 
atp dr/aSoi^. rfj Se varepaia apev '^yep^opo^ iiropevoPTO * 24 
p^'Xppbepoi, S' oi iroTsApLov koX oinj eirj arepop 'Xfoplop 
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p,€P ovp TOXf<i Trpwrov^i KcoiKvocep, Uepocfy&p oinaOep eK^alr 
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wpayroL^ dpcorepto irecpoapepo^ ylrfueadai t&p kodXvop- 
TG)V, oiroTS Sk TOifi OTTtadep iirvOolpTO, X€ipl<TO<f>o<i 26 
i/cfialptop /cal irevpoapepo^ dpcDTepa) yCypeadai t&p /cay- 

XvOVTfOP €\V€ T7JP dir6<f>pa^LP T^9 WapoBoV T049 OTTA- 

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Be Tofa eyyif^ TpiirriyT), Td Bk To^evfuaTa irhAop ^ 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


S^WjCT* etXKOP Sk Tcb<i v€vpd<;, oirore ro^evoiev, wpo^ 
TO Kara) rov ro^ov tw apcarepS ttoSI 7rpoaPaLvovT€<:* 
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oi EiprJT€<i 'XprjacfJidyTaTOi iyivovro. ^PX^ ^^ airr&v 
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2 KapZoiy)(G>v, t6t€ fiev oiv rjifklxTOrjtTav yJuKxi 17866)9 
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inro paaCKi(o<; /cal Tt<raaj>epvov^. «b9 oiv dirrjXKa- 
yfievoc TOVTcov 178^6)9 CKOVfii^Orjaav. 

3 ^AfjLa Bk TTj rifikpa op&aiv iinrel^ irov irepav tov 
TTOTa/JLov i^oyirXcafjiivov^ a)9 KO)\v(T0VTa<: hia^atvevVy 
ire^ov^ S' iirl Tai<; oyOai^ irapaTerarfjikvov^ dv(o t&v 
iinreoDv 0&9 KcoKvaovTa^ eU Tr)v ^Apfievlav eK^aiveiv, 

4 ^aav S' ovTOL ^OpovTov koX ^ApTov^pv, ^Apfiivioi Koi 
MapBovioc Kol XaXSaioi fjLi(r0o<f>6poi. iXAyovTO Bk oi 
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TO T€ vBcDp Virkp T&v fJbOOT&V i<f>a(v€TO, Kol Tpa^p^ ^v 
6 TTOTafJbo^ iierfiXoi^ XlOoi^ kclL oKta'0rjpol<;, koX ovt iv 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. in. 97 

T^ vSarc rh oifKa ffv ^€iv el Sk firj, rjp7ra^€V 6 iro- 
rafiM' iiri re t^9 tc€(f>aXr}<^ rh oirXa el tw (l>ipoi, 
yvfivol iyir/voPTo 7r/oo9 ret To^evfiara teal rSXXa /SiXi;* 
aue'Xfapria'av oiv koX avrov ioTpaTOTreBevaavTo iraph 
TOP irorafiov evOa 8k avrol ttjv irpoaOev vvfcra ffirav, 7 
hrl Tov Spovs €<opa)v tov9 KapSovxot^ iroXKoif^: awetr 
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fiv To?9 ''EKKriaiv, op&crc fikv tov woTafjLov ttiv Svairo- 
plav, op&crt Sk T0V9 hut^alvetv K^SKvGOvra^i opwcc Se 
To?9 BuL^alvovaiv im/ceiaofiivovf: rov9 KapBov^oxp; 
oirurdev. TavTqv jiev oiv ttjv fipApav /cat ttjv vvfcra 8 
efieivav ev ttoXX^ airopia Svre^. Uevo<l>&v Bk 8vap 
elSev* eSo^ev ev wiBais BeSea-dat, aJhcLV Bk airr^ airro- 
fuiTac irepippVTjvai, wore XvOrjvcu ical Butfialvevv otto- 
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/cal dpujT&vTi T^ Uevo^VTi, m-poaerpe^ov Bio veavC- 10 
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vevaofievoc Buifialveiv m-opevofievoi, Bk TrpoaOev Buh 


Digitized by LaOOQlC 

98 xenofhon's akabasib. 

fifjvcu irplv ppl^ai riu alZdia' xal iuu^avre^ koL Xo* 

13 ^6vT€<$ tA IfJbdruL it&Klv ^K€Iv. 6v0v^ oiv 6 Ueifo^v 
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teal €V)(€<T0ac T0Z9 ffy/jVCUTi, .Seo?? tol re oveipara /cat rov 
irbpov /cal ret Xo^ttA ar^adh iircreXio-ai. aireUra^ S' 
evOif^ ^6 T0V9 veavlaKOXf^ iraph rov Xevplaotfyov, ical 

14 SoTjyovvrav ravrd. axovaa^ Sk teal 6 Xeipiaoifyo^ (nrov- 
SA9 iirolei. avreuravre^: 8k to2^ fikv a\\oi<i iraprff- 
yeWov <TV(TKev6X,e<T6ai, avrol hk <ruyKaXia-avT€^ roif^ 
oTparryYoin; iffovXevovro, otto)? &v /eoKKurra BuL/Scuep 
/cal rov^ T€ ifiirpoadev viK&ev KaX xnro r&v &ina-0ev 

15 fj/rfihf ird(r)(piev KaKov. koX eSo^ev avrol^i Xecplaoffyov 
fihf Tjr^eladaL /cal hiaPaivevv ISypvra jo fjiiLtTV rov arpor- 
revfuiTo^, TO S' fjiiiav ^^ mrofjLevecv ainf U€vo<f>&PTi^, 
tA Sk vTTO^vyia koI rov o'^Xov iv fiiatp rovrtov htapai- 

16 vei,v. iirel Sk Ka\&^ ravra elxev eiropevovro • rf^ovvro 
S' oi veavla/coi tv dp^arepa e)(pvre^ rov irorafiov* oho^ 

17 Se ^1/ iirl rijp Sid^aaiv C09 rirrape^; ardZioi, iropevo- 
/jLOHov S' avr&v dvrvnap'geaav ai rd^eis r&v hnritov. 
iireiBrj Bk ija-av Karh rrjv Bcd^aaiv /cal tA? ayjBa^; rov 
irorafiov, eOevro ret oirXa, Kal avro^ irp&ro^ XevpC- 
(ro0o9 ar€<f)ava)a'dfi€vo^ Kal diroBif^ ikdfi/Save rib oTrXa 
Kal T0Z9 aWoc*: ttoo-i irapijyyeXKe, Kal tov9 7ioj(ar/oif9 
eKeKevev wyetv rov^ X6;^oi;9 opOiov^y tov9 fJi^hf ev dpt- 

ISarepa rov<; 8' ev Be^va iavrov. Kal oi fiev fidvrei^ 
ia-tfyar/id^ovro €19 rov irorafiov ol Bk m'oXe/JLtoc iro^evou 

19 re Kal ia<}>€vB6vG>v a\X' ovTro) i^tKVovvro. eirel Be 
KaXcb fjv rh a'<f>d/yia, iiraidvi^ov irdvre<; oi arpari&rac 
Kal dvr)\d\a^ov, owcciKoKv^ov Bk Kal ai ytwcuKe^ aTra- 
aav iroXKal ykp ^aav iraXpai iv r^ arparev/iaru 

20 Kal XeipUroi^o^ fikv evk^avve Kal oi avv eKelvcp* 6 Bk 
U€vo<f)&v r&v oTTKrOo^vkdKCDV 'Ka^a^v tou9 ev^a>vordr 
T0V9 €0ei dvcL Kpdro^ ttoKiv iirl rov iropov rov Karh, 
rrjv exfia^a-iv r^v €& rib r&v ^Apfievicov opij, irpoairoir 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. in. 99 

ovfiofo^ Tourp SialSii^ airoKkeUretv roif^ iraph top wo- 
rafiov hnrek, oi hk woKkfuoi, op&vre^ fuhf tov9 a^l21 
X€ipla'o<f)ov eirrrerw to iStop wep&vra^, op&vre^ hi 
T0V9 api^l Uevo^vra ^iovTWi eh; rovfiiraXiv, Beiaav- 
T€9 /*^ airoicKeurdehiaav ^}€vyova'iv avh /epdro^ «b9 
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Karib Ti}v oBov iyivovro, ereivov avay irpo^ to 6po^. 
Av/eio<; B* 6 rifv rd^iv ^(ov r&v imrimp koI AurxivfJ^^ 
6 Ttfv rd^iv (^o>v r&v ireXrcujT&v r&v a/j^l Xeipitro- 
ipov, eirei edipfov avh KpdT0<$ il)€tfyovra^, etirovro* oi Bi 
OTpaTi&TCU i^ocDV fiff diroy^Oireadav aKKb, <TW€Kpalveiv 
eirl TO 6po<:. X€ipia'o<j>o^ S' ai iirel BUl3ff, tov9 fih 23 
vmrias ovk iBlcoKev, evdv^ Bk tearcb tA? irpoairjKovaw; 
&)(j9a<$ iirl Tov irorafiov i^ifiaivep iwl roif^ avto iroXe- 
filov^* oi Bk avco, 6p&VT€<; fbkp tov9 iavr&v iwjrkas 
^iKfovTaSi 6p&VT€^ S' oTrXlra/i aifUaiv eirtovTw;, ixkel- 
irovac rh xnrkp rov irorafiov aKpa, Uevof^&v B\ €7r6l24 
rh iripav ifi^pa KaX&^ yir/vofiepa, dm-€)((U>p€i rrjv ra^l- 
OTffv irpo^ TO Buipalvov arpdrevfuf zeal yibp oi Kap- 
Boi/xp^ (JMvepol i]Br) ^aav €t9 rb ireBlov KaTo/Salvopre^ 
w eTnOfjcrofievo^ to?9 reXevraloi^;. xal Xapiao^^ 25 
fjbkp rh avpD tcarelx^f Avkio<: Bk ai/v oXiyoi^ iw^X'^ipi]' 
cojf; iiriBi&^ai iXafie r&v ateevoipopcDv riu inroXeLiro- 
/leva KoX fierib rovrwv iadrjrd re KoKrjv koI ifnrcofjuira. 
teal rh fikv a'Kevo<l)6pa r&v ^EKKtjvcdv koI 6 ^Xo926 
oKfiffV BUfiacve, Uevo^&v Bk arph^a^ irpos roif<: Kap- 
Bo{f)(pv$ dvrla riu oifKa Wero, koI Trapi^eoXe rok 
"Xjoxarfoi^ KOT ivcDfJLorla^ rroi^rjo-aadav iicaATrov rov eaxh 
rov 7i6j(pv, map dxnrlZa^ iraparforfovra^ rrjv evoDfioriav 
irrl <f)aKarf^o^* koI tov9 fih^ 7<^ar/ov^ /cal roi><: ivto- 
fiordp^as irpb<i r&v KapBovx<i>v thai, ovpcuyov^ Bk 
Kara^rrriaaadai irpo^ rov worafjLov. oi Be KapBovxo^^^ 
C09 €<!>p(ov T0U9 oTTurOoifivXaKaf; rov oj(\ov '^CKovfihovs 
Koi oKlrfov^ ijBrj ^aivopAvov^, ^arrov Brf iir^eaav coBds 


by Google 

100 xenophon'b akabasis. 

T^ya9 f SovT€9. 6 Sk Xeipia-oKfyos, eTrel rk irap avT& 
aa<f>a\&^ eZ^e, irifJiwec nraph 'Bevo^vra rots ireXra- 
otA? fcal <r<j>epSovijTa^ xal to^oto^ koL /ceXevei iroteuf 

28 S, TL &v TraparfyiXKTf. IBayv Sk avroif^ hia^alvoma^ 6 
^€vo(j)&v irifi'^a^ &yy€\ov /ceXevec avrov fuelvai hrl 
Tov irora/iov fit} Sutfidvras' orav S' ap^wvrai ainoX 
Suifialveiv, ivavrlov^ IhOev icaX ivOev trifrnv ifJbQaivetv 
ci&9 Bui^fjo-ofiivov^, Sirjr//cv\(o/Jbivov<; tov9 aKOimtrrh^ 
Kal iTTifie^rffiivov^ tov9 to^oto^* fii) irpOiTto Bk tov 

29woTafiov irpofialveiv. rol^ Sk irap eavr^ irapijyye^ 
\€v, iireiZhv a<f>€ifB6vrf e^ncvrfTaf, /cat aawU '^^>^> 
iravavlaaintv; Seip efc roi)^ TroXefiiov^* iireiS^u Sk 
avatrrpk^^aifV oi irdXAfiioc koI eK rod irorafiov 6 a'dK- 
iriTfiCTiis crjiATpni to ttoXc/jlikop, avcurrpi^^VTa^ hrX 
Sopv ff^etaOav fihf to^ ovpcuyov^, l^tv Sk irdma^i koX 
Sui^alveiv otv Td^^^ora ^ S/caaro^ Tffv Td^cv elyev, 
<09 /Ji'V efxirohlfyw aKKr(Kov^* oti, oJnos dpKrro^ ecoiTo, 

30 §9 &v wpSyros iv t& wipav yivrjTCU. oi Be KapSovxpi' 
6p&VT€<: o\lrfov<: fihi Toif<i 'Koi^irov^, iroXKol yhp koX 
T&v fihfeiv TercuyfUjHDv ^xpvTO iinfieKrja-ofievoc oi fiev 
inro^vylcDV, oi Sh a-K€v&v, oi S' ercup&v, ivravda S^ 
ejri/ceiVTO l^pcurico^; Kal rjp'XpvTo cr^evhovav Kal To^evei,v. 

Slot Bk ''EKKfives; iraA^avUrames &p/J/r)(Tav Bp6fiq> hr aih 
T0V9' oi Sk ovk iBe^avTo* Kal y^p fjcav inrKuTfikvoi, 
&; fihf iv T0t9 Speavv iKav&s irpo^ to iTriBpa/ieiv Kal 
^€vy€iv, 7rpo9 Bk to ek x^lpa^ S^x^<7^<u ovx iKavw. 

32 iv TOVT(p arjfjLalvei 6 aaKTriyKTi^^: • Kal oi fih woXifiioi 
€<f>€vyov TToXv h-L ^OLTTOV, oi S' ''jEJWi7i/€9 TavavTia 
<TTpe^avT€^ €(l>€vyov SaA tov iroTafiov otl Td'xiaTa. 

2!^ T&v hk woXefiiayv oi fikv Tiv€<i aUrOofievob irdXiv eBpor 
fiov iirl TOV iroTafiov koX TO^eiovre^ oklrfov^ cTpc^- 
aav, oi Bk iroXKol Kal iripav Svtcdv t&v 'EW^vtov (hi 

M<l>av€pol ^aav ^vyovTes^ oi Be VTravT^aavTe^ dvBp^ 
^ofievov Kal irpoawTipcn tov Kaipov irpoiovTe^ itrrep^y 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. m. — TV. 101 

T&p fierh E€P0^£in-09 SUfirja-av irdXiv koX erpfoOri' 
trdv TiV€^ KaX tovtoov, 

'jEttcI Se SUfifja-ap, awra^d/ievo^ dfi^l /jbiaov fifU- 4 
ptv; eiropevdriaav Sicb t^9 ^Apfievlw; irehlov airav koI 
Xelot^ y7J\jo<jxnj^ ov fielov fj irhne irapaadrf^tv;* ov 
yhp ^aav iyyv^ rod irora/iov K&fJLac SU^ roi^ irdKifuw^ 
T0i)9 7r/)09 Toi)9 KapBov)(pv^. ek Sk tjv cu^ucovto iwy- 2 
lM\v iierfaX^q re ^v /col fiao-iX£u>v el')(e r^ aarpdirp 
KoX €7rl T£U9 7rX€«rT<W9 oucicu^ Tvp<T€i^ iirrjaav* hrir 
TTj^eui S' ^iv hw^CKi], hnevOev S' iiropevdriaav (ttot 3 
Ojiois Svo, irapao-d/fYO^ Sixa, p^'XP^ inrepfjXdov rhs 
irrffiis rov TlrfprjTOS irorafiov, ivrevOev S' hropev- 
dfjaav araOiiois rp€i<i, irapaadrf/a/f; TrevrcKalSeKa, hrl 
TOP TffXe^oav irorafiop. odro^ S' fjv tcaXos pAv, pA- 
709 £' ov* K&pLoi Bk 'jToXKal irepl rbv worapov ^aav. 
6 Sk T07ro9 o5to9 ^App£v{a ixaXeiTO 17 irpb<; eairipav. A 
virap^os S' fjv avrrj^ Tipil3a^o<ii 6 koI fiaa-iKel ^/\o9 
ry€v6p>€vo<i, Kol OTTOTe irapclrf, ovSeh aXXo9 PaaCKia 
hrX rbv Xmrov avifiaXKev. o5to9 irpoarj'Kaaev iTnria^ 5 
exjayv, /cal Trpoiripy^a^; ipprjvia elirev, on ^ovKoito Sia- 
7<j&)(driv(u Tok apxoyai. T0Z9 Bk aTpaTrjyot^ ISo^ev 
oKova-cu* Kal irpoa-eXdovre^ €t9 hnj/coov fipiortov, rC 
BeKoi, 6 Bk ehrev, ort, inrelaaaOav ^ovKooro i^' ^ 6 
pr^re axnh^ roif^ ^EKS/qva^ oBtKeiv prjTe iK€LVOV<: Kaleiv 
tA9 oucla^, Xap^dveiv re TaimrilBeui, oaa>v Bioivro. 
eSo^e ravra roi^ oTparriyoi^ koI ia^eiaamo cttI rov- 


^EvT€v0€V S' hropev&qo'av ^rradpoi^^ rpeh Bib, ire- 7 
BI0V9 irapaadrficui irepTexaiBe/ca* Kal Tipl^a^o^ wapif- 
KoKovOeL €X<ii>v TTjv iuvTOv BvvaptVy a7re)((ov «&9 BeKa 
arroBiov^* KoX d^Uovro ek ^aatXeui Kal Ka)p^<i Tripi^ 
iroXKh^ 'jToW&v t&v eircTrjBeiayv petrrd^. aTparoire- 8 
BevopAvttiv S' avr&v yiyverav t^9 wkto^ X"^^ woKKrf 
Kal icuBev iBo^e BuuTKrjvrja-ad, rh<$ rd^ecs Kal tou9 (rrpor 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


Tfjyoi^ Karh t^9 ic(Ofia<:* ov yhp eoapcov 'iroKifuov o& 
Beva Kol a<7^Xi9 iSoKCt elvai SiA to irXrjdos^ Trjs x^ovo^. 

9 hnavda el^pv wdina rh errtri^Seia, oaa iarlv ar/add, 
Upela, aiTov, otvotj^ irdXcuov^ €va>8€i,^, dara^lZa^, 
ooirpia iravTohaird. r&v Se aTroa-KeSappvfiivayv rive^ 
diro Tov OTparoTreBov eXeyov, 6t^ KorlSocev arpdrevfia 

10 Kol VVKTCDp TTOXXA TTVpo, <f>alvOlTO. iBoKCi Bif TOk 

OTpaTTf/ol^ ovK d<r<l>aK€^ elvac BtaaKrfvovv, dXKA avv- 
ar/ar^elv to orpdTevfJLa irdKcv. emevdev avvrjXffov' koI 

11 ycbp iBoxet, BuLvdpid^eiv. w/crepevovTiov B^ axrr&v iv- 
TavOa iTnTrlirTei %mv aifX^ro^, &<tt€ direKpv^ kolL 
TO, oifKa Kol T0V9 dvOpdyjTOV^ KaTcucei/ih/ov^* xal Tct 
{nro^vyuL ovveTToBurev 7} ;^m&i/* koX iroXit^ okvo^ ^p 
dvioTaaOaf KaTaKeipAvtov yhp oKeeLvov ^p 7} X"^^ 

i2 iTnireTTTtofCvta, OT<p firj irapappveiq. iirel Be B€P0<f}&p 
erokfiriae yvfiPo<: dpaaTh<i <7%/f€W f vXa, Tdx^ dpcurrd^ 
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TOV Kal oi SXKot dpcLordpTe^ irvp ckcuop icdl ixpiopTO* 

13 iroXif yap ipravda evpiaxero xp^^H^f ^ ixp&VTO opt 
ekalov, (Tvevop seal aijad/jbi^pop Kal d/JbvyBd\cpop ck t&p 
ircKp&p KoX T€p€^lp0iPOP. e/c Bk t&p avT&p tovtcop 
KOL fjLvpop evpiaKCTO, 

14 Merh TavTa iBoKec irdXiP BuurKi]P7}Teop elpoi, efe 
tA? Kcl>fia<; €t9 arer/a^. €P0a B^ oi OTpaTi&nai avp 
ttoWjQ Kpavyy Kal fjBop^ yea-ap iirl Ths areyas xal Tit 
iwtTi^Beia* oaot Bi, oTe to irpoTepop dirpeaav, t^9 oi- 
kCos ipeirprja-ap, virb 7^9 alOplas Biktjp iBlBoaap KaK&^ 

15 (TKrjpovpTe^, ipTCvdep errefi^lrap pvktos ArjfioKpdTrjp 
TcfieplTfjp dvBpa^ Boptc^ iirl tA oprf, epda ei^aaop oi 
dTToa-KeBappvfievot KoSopap tcl irvpd • 0UT09 yhp iBoKCi 
Kal irpoTcpop TToXX^ fiBt) oKriOevaai TOcavTa, tA opra 

16 T€ e&9 SpTa Kal Th firj 6pTa ©9 ovk oPTa* iropevdel^ 
Bk Tct fiep TTvpct OVK 6^ IBelp, apBpa Bk av)CKa^o>v 
^K€P wya)p expPTa to^op IlepatKop Kal <f>apeTpap Kal 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

. BOOK IV. CHAP. IV. — V. 108 

(T^apiv, otamrep al 'AfAO^Sve^ expvo'^v* ipc/ndfievo^ 17 
Bk TO TToSaTTo? etrf, IIkp<T7is fihf etfyrf elvcu, iropevecdcu 
S' airo Tov TipilSd^ov oT/oarev/uiTO?, o7ro>9 eTTtnySeta 
Xd^ov. oi S' fiporroDV avrov to orpdTev/ia oirocrov t€ 
eifj Kot iirl tIvi aweiXeyfievov. 6 Sk elwev, oti Tipi- IS 
^a^o<; elf} ^(ov Tqv re iavTov hvvajnv kcu fiurdo^pov^ 
XdXv^a^ Kal Taoxot^* irapeaKevdaOfu Zk ainov e^ 
C09 €7rl Ttj mrep^oX^ tov 6pov^ ev Tots arepoi^, ^ep 
pMva'xjo €07) iropela, ivTovda hnOtiaofievov T0Z9 *'E\r 
XTjatv, oKova-aarv Tok orpaTTjyoh TavTa SBo^e Til9 
(TTpaTevfia avparfo^elv. Kal €vdif<: (fivXcucwi KoraKir 
irome^ Kal OTpaTrf^ov eirl tol<: phfovai Soif>aiif€TOV 
STVfA<f)d\cov hropevovTo exprne^ fffefiova tov oKoma 
avOpoyirov. en-.ecBrf Sk inrepiffaKKov tA oprj, ol irekTOr^O 
otoX nrpolovres Kal KaTiZovTC^ to orpaTOTreBov ovk 
efieivav tov^ 6ir\lTa<i, ahX dvaKparfovTe^ lOeop irrl to 
oTpaToireiov, oi Bk fidp^apov aKovaavTe^ tov J^pV'21 
^ov ovx virifi^ivav, dXX ^(f>€tjyov' ofiay^i Bk koX dirkr 
Oavdv Tiv&i T&v I3ap^dpa>v Kal Xwjroi Tpuoaav €& eXK0<T(, 
Kal 71 aKTjvff 71 Tvpvpd^ov idXco Kal iv airry iMvav ap^ 
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')(poL <f>d<rKOVT€<; etvai. eTreiBTf Bk iirvdovTo Taxha oi22 
T&v oirXiT&v oTpaTTjyoL, iSoKcc avTol<; dinivai ttjv tot 
%/irnyi/ iirl to OTpaToireBov, fiTi tl<; hrldeai^ ^kvovro 
Tol'i KaTObKdKetiiijAvoL^, Kal evOv^ dvoKaKeadfievot, t§ 
rdXTTiyyv aTryea-av, Kal d<f>lKOVTO aifdfffiepov cttI to 

Ty S' varepala iBoKCC wopexrriov elvac owij BvvavvTo 5 
rd')(y7Ta irplv fj a-vKKerfrjvav to OTpdTevfia ttoSav koX 
KaTcCKa^elv Th areva. a-va-KevaadfievoL S' evOif^ eiro- 
pevovTo But ^461/09 7roXX^9 '^efiova^ e'XpvTC^ 7roXXoi;9' 
Kal av0i]fi€pov v7r€pl3aX6vT€<; to aKpov, i(f>^ S efieTsXev 
imTldeaOai Tvpl^a^o^, KaTearpaTOTreBeva-avTO, ivTev- 2 
'0€v iTTopevOfidav arad/ioif^ eprifiovs Tpel% wa^paardrf^as 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

104 xenophon's akabasis. 

irevreicaiZeKa, eirl top Ev<l>pdTi]v itotc^mv, ical Sftl- 
^avvov avTov ^pexp^evoi Trpo<i rov ofuf^Xov, ikiyovro 

3 Sk avTov ai mf^aX ov Trpoa-a) elvcu. ivrevdev eiropev- 
ovro Bik %46vo9 7roW^9 koX weSlov oTodfMoik rpeU, 
irapaa-a/yya^ TrevreKaiScKa, 6 Bk rplro^ ijivero %a\e- 
7ro9 teal avefio^ fioppa^ ivavrlo^i hrvet, TravTanraatv 

4 airoKcUwv wdvra Kal Tnjyvv^; tov9 dvOpamov^. evda 
Sff T&v fidvT€a>v T^9 ehre ctfiar/idactaOat to5 dvi/xtp, 
Kal <T^}arfi,d^eT(U' koX irdav Sff irepiifHivS)^ eSofe Xyj^cu 
TO 'xaXeTTov tov irvevfiaTo^. fjv he t^9 xtovo^ to fidOo^ 
opyvid' &arT€ Kal t&v inrb^vylayp Kal t&v dvSpairoSayv 
*7roWd dwdiXjero Kal t&v oTpaTUOT&v ©9 TptdKovTa. 

5 SieyevovTO Be ttjv vvKTa irvp KalovTe^* fu\a B^ fjv ev 
T(p oTad^S TToXXa* oi Be oy^k irpocrvovTe'i fv\a ovk 
el'xpv. ol oJfv TrdXat fJK0VT€($ Kal irvp KaiovTC^ ov 
wpoaleaav 7r/>09 to irvp tou9 oyfri^ovTa^, el fiij fiera- 
Bolev avTol^ irvpov^ ^ SXKo \tC\ ehv exptev ^pcmov. 

6 evOa Bt) fiereBIZoaav oKKriKoi^ &v et^pv eKaaToi. evOa 
Bk TO TTvp ixaleTo BuiTrjKOfievrj^; t^9 %aoi'09 ^odpoi 
eryiyvovTO fieydKov eare eirl to BdireBov* ov Bt) Traprjv 

7 fiCTpeiv TO fiddos T^9 %40V09. ivTevdev Bk Trjv iirtov- 
aav rjiispav oX/qv eiropevovTO Bid yiov^^y ^^^ ttoXXoI 
T&v dvdpwTTCDV e^ovkiiiUurav. Uevo^&v S' ottutOo- 
<l>v'KaK&v Kal KaToKa/x^dvwv tou9 TTLTTTOVTa^ t&v dv- 

8 Opdyjrayv rjyvoev, o, Tt to irdJdo<; etr). iTreiBr) Bk ehre Tt<^ 
avT^ T&v ifiwelpayv, otv a'a<f>m ^ovXifu&a-h kov ti 
(l)dr/a><nv, dvaaTrjcrovraLy irepiUbv m'epl Td vTro^vyui, 
el TTOV TC opwT) ^payTov, BteBlBov koI Bieire^ire BtB6vTa<; 
T0V9 Bwa/Jiivov^ irapaTpexeiv toI<; fiovXvfJH&(nv. eTreiBr^ 

9 Be Tt ifJL<l>d^oiev, dvioTavTO Kal iiropevovTo, iropevo* 
jievoDV Be XeLplaotf>o^ fiev d/j,<f>l Kve<f>a<; irpof; Koofirjv 
dtj>i,KvelTai, Kal iBpocfyopowa^ €K t^9 Ka>fju>}<; 7r/>09 t^ 
KpTjvrj ywaiKa^ Kal Kopa/i KaTcCKafi^dvef, einrpoaOev 

IOtoO ipvfiOTO^,' avTa4, ripdiT(ov avTov<iy tIvc^ elev. 6 S* 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK IV. CHAP. y. 105 

epfiAfpeif^ ehre wepa-iffrl, 8tc irctpii fiiunXita^ wopewnh 
Tiu irpo^ TOP a-arpdmijv. ai ik anreicpiiHivTO, Sri oif/c 
hrraAda e&y, aXX' airix^v oaov itapaaArfftfu. oi 8', 
iirel o^^ ^, wpo^ rbv K<ofuip')(fjv aweurifyxpprai eh ri 
epvfia avv tiu9 vSpo<f>6poi^. Xetplaoifxy; fikv oiv koIXW 
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hnavO^ i/CTpairofiepoi iKddrjvro xal ovk e^aaav 'iropexh 
eadcu, 6 Bk Uevoifmp ix^^ oTnaOo^vkoucoui co9 '^a^ero, 16 
eBelro ain&v irdcQ rexyri /cat p^rfxp^ fi^ diroXehre- 
aOcu, Aiycov, ot(, hrovrcu. iroXKol iroXifUov aweCKer 
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acu, el Ti9 Bvpcuro, fiff iwlotep roh Kdfivovav. kclI fjv 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

106 zenofhon's anabasis. 

19 &v elxpv Buul>€p6fi€V0i. hf6a hri oi fihf oTnaOo^vkouce^ 
ire vyuilvovTe<: i^avcurrdvre^ SBpafiov eh to^ TroXe- 
filov<:* ol Bk Kd^vovre^ dvcucpa^ovre^ Saov rjBvj/avro 
fieycoTov tA? oottiBcl^ 7r/>09 rcb Bopara etepovaav. oi 
Bk TToXi^toc Belaavre^ fJKav eavroif^ xarct t^ x*^i/09 
649 T^v vdirffv, KoX ovBcU en ovBafiov i<l>Oey^aTo. 

'9/cal Uevoify&v fihf teal oi ai/v avr^ ehrovre^ rovi aade- 
vovaiVi ort, t§ varepala rj^oval nve^ eir avrov^, iro- 
p€v6fA€U0i irpXv rirrapa ordBia BccXOeip hmrf)(dvovaf,v 
€v T§ 6B^ dvairavoiihoi,^ hrX t^9 %46ro9 T0Z9 crr/ao- 
Tidyrcu^ iyK€Ka\vfifih/o(>^, koX ovBk <l>vXafc}f ovBcfila 

20 Ka0€urn]Kei* teal dvlarcuTav avrovs. oi 8' ikeyop, 
on oi efiirpoadev ov^ viroxoypotev. 6 Bk irapiMV koX 
Trapairkymonf r&v TrekraoT&v roif^ layvpordrovf; ixi- 
7\£V€ aKk^ourdav, ri etrf to /codTwov, oi Bk dmiiyyeXXov, 

21 8tc oKov o{!t®9 dva/rravocTO to orpdTevfia. hnavda 
KoX oi dfi(l>l U€Vo<l>&VTa f}v7Ua'0r)aav avTOv av€V irvpo^ 
Koi oBeimvoi, ^vXaK^^i oUvi IBvvavTO icaTa<rTrjadfJi,€vou 
hreX Bi irpo^ 'fffUpav fjVy fikv Hei/o^i/ wifi'^pu*: irpo^ 
TO^ aad€vovvT(Vi tov9 veaoTdTov^ avcurrqaavTo^ itci- 

22X61/61/ dvarfKd^eiv irpolkvcu. ev Bk tovt^ X€ipuTwf>o^ 
irkfiirei t&v ix t^9 /cd>/J/ry: aKe^opAvov^y wm expiev oi 
TiKexnaloi,. oi Bk aafiepoL IB6vt€<: rot^ fihf aaOevouv- 
Ta9 TovToi^ irapiBoaav KOfil^civ iwl to orpaTOTreBov, 
avToX Bk eiropeuovTO, /caX irpXv elKoav trrdBui BieXrfT^v- 
0€P(U fiaav TTpb^ t§ KtofMrj, ev0a X€Cpl<ro<f>o^ TjiXl^ero. 

23^61 Bk avveryevovTO dWi]\oc<;, IBo^e Korib tcl^ tedfjua^ 
aiT^HiKk^ elvav r^9 To^ei^ aicqvovv. KaX X€cpia-o<f)o^ 
fihf avTov efiepev, oi Bk aXKoi, BidXa'XpvTe^ &9 idpov 

24 Kcofiofi iiropevovTO eKooTOL tov9 eaxn&v expVTe;, "h/Oa 
Bif IIoXvKpdTif: ^Adrjvaio*: 7^xy)(a/yo<: i/ciKevaev d(f>iipai 
iavTov icaX Xaficbv rov9 ev^dvoif^:, SeoDV iirX Ttjv icoififjv, 
fjv etki^ei U€vo<f>&v, /caTdKafju^dvec irdma^ evBov Toif^ 


by Google 

BOOK IV. OHAP. V. ' 107 

icoiiiffT<K KoX Tov laofidpyrpff kcu, irJiKoits w Baa/niv 
paaChjel Tp€<l>ofiivov^ iirraKaiSeKa, teal rifv Svyaripa 
TOV Kcofidp^ov iwdrfjv ruiipav yerya/jurffjiipfpf 6 S' oi^p 
avT7J<i Xarym ^ero Stfpdat&p icaX ov^ ^fXA> hf ravi im- 
fjuu<:. ai S' oIkUu ^aap Kortiryeioi, to fikv arS/ia 25 
&aw€p <l>p€aTo<:, KdTCD S' €vp€uu* ai hk etaoSoL Tot<: 
fihf inro^vyioif; opv/cral, ol Bk avdpayiroi KorifioMfov 
hrl Kkifuiico^, hf Sk Talk ouclavi ^aav aZy€9> oU^, 
/8o€9> Spvc^e^, KoX tA itcrfova Tovrtov* Tct 8k fcn^vrf 
irdma %^X&) evhov erpki^vro. Jjaav hk zeal irvpoX /col 26 
KpcOal /cal SairpuL teal olvo^ KpiOcvo^ ev KpaTtjpacv. 
hnjaav hk /cal ainaX ai xpiOaX iao^eCKek, xaX KtSXap^i, 
iv4K€i,vT0f ol fihf pLelfyv^ ol Sk iKdTTOv^, yovaTa ovk 
expvre^* tovtov^ 8' eSet, ottotc Tt9 Scy^^, \afi6vTa27 
ek TO oTOfia fivfyiv. /cal irdw aKpaTo^ Tjv, el fii] Tt9 
vStop hriyiov /cal irdw '^Sif ovfipbaBovri, to irofia ^v 
6 Bk 'Sepo<j>&v TOV fiev ap^oma t^9 Ktop/rj^ ravriy? avv- 28 
iei/irvov iiroLija'aTo Kal Sappelv ainov i/cik€V€ Xer/ODV, 


caneinrX'qaavTe^ t&v eiriTqiemv dirUurWi fjv arfoJdov 
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by Google 


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Tq> fiovXotTO irpOTTvelv, etKjcev hrX rov Kparrjpa, evdev 
iiriKinlravTa eSet po<poyvTa irivew &<nrep ^ovv. Kal 
Tw KCJfidpxv iSiBoaav XafjL^dvetv o, re ^ovKovto. 6 Si 
aWo filv ovSkp i8ij(€T0, oirov Bi riva r&v avyyev&p 

SSlBot, 7r/309 kavTov ael eKdfi^avev. eirel S' ^\0ov 7r/>09 
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<f>av<opAvov^ Tov ^pov 'x^iKov aTetfydvoi^, xal Buuco- 
vovvrm ^Apfjueviovs 'jraiBa^: aifv ral^ ^ap^apiKoZ^ oto- 
Xa69* T0J9 Be Traialv eBeifcwaav &<nr€p iveok, o, ri, 

34: Bio V iroLelv* iirel S' aWi^Xov9 i(bi\o(f>pov^(TavTO Xec- 
puTOfjiO^ Kal 'Eevo^&v, kow^ Bi) dvrjpayrwv rov KODfidp' 
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T7)v Be TrKfjaiov x^P^^ ^^ elvcu XoKvfia^, /cal rrjv 

35 oBbv €(l>pa^€v fj etrj, koX axnov Tore fiev ^^cto aytov 
Eevoip&v irpo<i Toif<i eamov olKera^, /cal Xmrov hv el- 
Xrji^ei irdXatrepov BlZcao'i toS Kcofidpxjf dvaOpe^aim, 
Karadvaat,, on, fjKovaev axnov iepov elvav tov 'HXiov, 
BeBM)^ firj diroddvri* eKeKdKcsTO yap vtto t^9 'jropeia^* 
auT09 Be T&v irdiXxov Xafi^dvei, ical t&v aXKav oTpa- 

3^T7f^&v KoX Xoxoy&v eBoD/cev etcdaTtp 7r&\ov. fjaav S' 
ol TavTp LinroL fieiove^ fikv t&v TIep<TiK&v, S-v/MoeiBi- 
(TTepov Bk TToXv. hnavda Bif Kal BiSdaxec 6 Kcofidpx^s 
irepl T0U9 7r6Sa9 t&v Xwitodv /cal t&v imofyyUov aa/cla 
^irepietXetv, otov Bih 7^9 %*6z/09 ar/Gxnv avev ykp t&v 
ca/cifov /caTeBvovTO fiixfi t?)? ya^crrpo^. 

6 'jEttcI S' fifiepa ^v oyBorj, tov fihf ff^eixova irapaBlr 
Bco&t X€ipia'6(f>(p, T0V9 S' olKkra^ KaTcCKelirei, t^ Ktay- 
P'dpxj), 7r\rfv TOV vlov tov apTt rj^daKOVTO^* tovtov S' 
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el /cak&f; rff/jaabTOy 6%a)j/ KoX tovtov dirloi. /cal eh Ti}V 
oIkIov avTov elaeipoprja'av C09 iBvvavTo irTieioTa, zeal 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 


dva^ev^aifre^ hropevovro. Tj^eiro S* avrok o Ktofkdfh 2 
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Tovnp. 6 Sk XeipUro<f>o<i axnov eiraure fiev, eSria-e S* 3 
ov. ix Sk TOVTOV eKcivo^ t^9 w/ct6<: a/iroipa^ ^€ro 
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U€vo<l>&vri^ fjLovov Bujupopov iv t§ iropela eyivero, 17 
Tov Tf^efiovo^ KCLKCixn^ Kal d/jbikeui, ^EinaOevr}^ Bk 
fipdadrj re rod 7ratSo9 Kal oXicaBe KOfilaas iri^arorArtp 
iXPV^^' P'^rh TOVTO iTTopevOrja-av ewrcb a'Tadp4)if<: avh 4 
irhne irapaa6rfya^ T979 ffp^epas 'jraph tov ^OAnv iro- 
rafiov, €5/309 ifKedpuuov, hnevdev eiropevdijaav aror 6 
0fioif<: Bvo, 7rapaa-arfya<s BeKa' iwl Bk t§ e^9 to ireSlov 
inrep^oX^ airqinriaav airrol^ Xdkv^e^ Kal Ta>6j(pL 
KoX ^aauLVoL Xeiplao^o^ S' €7rel KaTelBe tov9 ttoXc- 6 
filov9 €7rl T§ wrep^oXy, iiraiaaTo Tropevop^po^, dire- 
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aXXoi^ irapdr/eiv tou9 Xo^ov*^, 07rft)9 eirl <l>dXar/yo^ 
yevoLTO TO CTpaTevpM. iirel Bk fjXBov oi oTrL<Tdo<f>{h 7 
XoKe^, orweKoK^ae Toif^ crTpaTtfyov^ Kal Xoxo^oif^ Kal 
eXe^ep &Be. Oi p.kv iroXep^uoVt ©9 opaTe, KaTi'Xpvav 
Ta9 inrep^oTid^ tov opov^' &pa Bk ^ovXeveadai, 07ra)9 
Cd9 KaXXtcTTa dr/cSvLovp,e0a, ep,ol p,ev oiv BoKel ira- 8 
par/yelXaL p.€v dpioTOTroteurdav Toh cTpaTi^Tai^, r}p,a<i 
8k povXeveadai,, ecTe Trjpepov efre avpiov BoKei vrrep- 
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povvTCdv irXeiov^ irpoayeveadaL, p,eTh tovtov Eei^o-lO 
i^v elirev, ^Eya> S' oSto) fyi^dxTKOi). el p^kv dvd/yKrj 


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iarl fidx€<r0cu, rovro Sei ircLptuneevdauadcu, iirw^ &9 
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'^hAyurra fihf rpavfuiTa Tuifim/iep, 109 eX^^^ora Bk 

llerco/utra avSp&v dm-ofiakdofiev. to fih/ oiv 8po9 iarl 
TO 6p<i)fi€Vov itXAqv fj i^^ e^rjKovra OTdSuii avSpe^ 8' 
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aavT(K, el Swalfieda, fiaXKov fj wpo^ i<r}(ypit %Q)pia 

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i^op Sk direKJdelv roaovrov ca9 fi^ aXa-drja-tv irapi^ecv. 
BoKovfiev S' av fwi ravTij irpoinroftovfievov TrpoafidX- 
Xetv ipriiJLOTeptp &p r^ oKKtp Spec 'xprjadcu* fiivocev 

Hyit>p avTov fiaWov aJBpoot oi iroKkfiiot* drhp rl iyci> 
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ofioUov, evdi)^ ix TralStov KhMrretv fieXerav, kcu ovk 
ai<r)(pov elvav aXKcL KcChJbv tcKiwruv Baa firi KoiKiei, 

15 vofio^. 07ra)9 8^ <»9 Kpdrurra Kkhrrqre koX m-etpaaOe 
Xav0dv€cv, vofLCfiov apa vfilv ioTVv, ekv \i]<f>0iJT€ kXA- 
7rToi/T€9, fMum^ovadai,. vvv oiv fidXa aoi KOd^po^ iarvv 
hnhel^aadai t^v iraiSelav, /cai ^vKd^aaOat, fiivroi, fiif 
\r}(l}0&fiep /cXifTTTOvre^ rov 6pov^, c»9 fir) 7roXX^9 ttXi;- 

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tA hrifioava Kal fioKxi 8vto^ Beivov rov Kvvhvvov r^ 
kKAwtovtc, koX Toif<!; KparUrrov^ pAinoL fidTuara, etirep 


by Google 


vfkiv oi KpdruTTOi ipx^iv afunhncu* Hare &pa Kot col 
hriSelscpva-dtu rijv waiBelav. '£70) fiev Tohnw, 1^17 
^€i/o<f}&v, irotfJLo^ clfii Toif<: oTnaOo^vKouca^ ^09P, 
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by Google 

112 zenofhok's ai^abasis. 

^EKKrflHOV Bp6fjup Weov irpo^ roif^ iraparera/yfiipou^f 
Xeipiao^K)*; hk fiiiSfjv rayp iifyelirero aifv rok owXirai^* 

26 ol Sk iroXAfiiot, ol hrl t§ o3cS eireiStf to avto edpwv 17T- 
Tiifievov, i^v^ovai* koX airkBavov fiev ov ttoXXoI au* 
rct>v, jippa 8k wdfiirdKKa ikri^dfi • & ol ^EWrjve^ toJ? 

27 fiaxctlpcu^ KOTTTovre^ a'xpela eirolow. w^ S' dvifirf- 
cav, ^vaavre^ icaX rpoiraiov tmiaAfievoi, Karififfo-av eh 
TO TreSlov, KoX eh ied>fia^ iroXK&v /cal drfaQSiv f)/€fjMvaa^ 

7 'jE/c hi Tovrav eiropevdrja-av ek Tao^oi^ <na0fioif^ 
irivre, Trapaa-d/fya^ rpLaKovra' /cal tA eTriT^Seui eirir 
Xiire' %a>p/a 7^p ^kow itrxyph oi TcJy)(piy iv oU icaX 

2 Tck hnrriheui irdvra elxpv avaKeKOjiiafihot. eirel S' 
d(f>iK0VT0 irpo^ 'Xfaplov, h iroXiv fiev ovk eV^ev ovS' olr 
Kui^, aiweXrfKudore^ 8' ^aav axnoae /cal avSpe^ /caX 
ywaZ/cei xal /errjvri TroWa, X€cplao<l>o<; fiev 7r/)09 tovto 
irpoak^dXKev evBv^ fiKcav €7r€tS^ Se 17 Trpwrrf rd^i^ 
airi/cafivev, oKKri Trpoa'pec Kal avdv^ oiKKri' ov ykp ^p 

3 adp6oi<i TreptoTrjvai, aXXct irorapi)^ fjv Kv/cKxp* iireiBrf 
Sk Bevo^v fj>Jde aifv rol^ oiriado<f>vKa^L /ecu ireKror- 
<rrcbk /cal ottXItoa^;, hrravda B^ \Syec X€ipla'o<f>o^, Eh 
/cahJbv fj/cere* to ykp 'XpDpiov aipereov t§ 7^^ (TTpariq, 
OVK earrt ret hnrriheuiy el firi Xrp^fieOa to *)(fopLov. 

4 ivravOa Sff Kovvfj i^ovXevovro • Kal rod Uevo<l>&PTO^ 
ipo9T&vro<s, tI to kodXvov etrj elaeXdeiv, elirev 6 XevpC- 
a'o<l)0^, [^AWii] fila avrvf irdpoSo^ iarvv fjv op^9* otov 
Si Tt9 TavTff TTCipaTO^ irapiAvoL, KvTavhovtn Xldov^ 
inrkp TavTff^ t^9 inrepexpva'r)^: irirpa^* 09 S' Ai/ /caTOr 
\i]<f>dy, ovT(& huvrlBerai,, afia S' eSev^e <rvpT€Tpipr 

5 fiivov^ dvdpdmov^ /cal a-KiKrj Kal irXevpdf;, *'H.v Bi 
rov9 X/dov9 dvdhMacDaiv, l<fyrf 6 Uevoffmv, oKKo ri ^ 
ovSkv KtoXvev irapthai, ; ov jdp Bff ck tov hfoinUn} 
6p&fi€V el fiif 6X^0%/^ TovTOV^ dvOpd/irov^, Kal tovtoop 

6 Svo fl Tpeh mrluafihov^. to Sk xtopioVi &^ koL ai^ 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. vn. 118 

6p^ (TxeSbv Tpla ruihfkedpd itrttv h Set fiaXXofiivov^ 
BiekOeiv. tovtov Sk ocov ifXiOpov Saaif irirvat hior 
y^nrovaat^ fieyaKou,^, av6^ &v iarrfKore^ avSpe^ rl &v 
irdaxoiev fj viro ^S>v <l)€pofi€va)v \lBa>v fj vtto t&p 
KvKufhdVfihfCDV ; to "Xjoi/itov otfv TJSfj yiyvercu C09 '^fil- 
TrXeOpov, o Bet, orav Xaxfy^aayatv oi \i6oL, irapaSpafielv. 
^AXKcb evffvs, e^ o X€i,puTO^<i, hreiZcLV dp^fieOa eh 7 
TO Saaif izpoavkvaL, <f>ipovTac 01 XlBoi, iroKKoL Airro 
av, CKfyrj, to Siov ehf ^clttov jit^p dvaXcoa-ov^ri tov9 
\ldovs, ahXib TTopevoofieffa evffei/ r/fuv fiLicp6v ti irapor 
Spafieiv carcu, ffv Bimofieda, kclI direKdeiv ^oBiov, fjv 
fiovTixofieda. • 

^EvTCvdep eiropevovTO XetpUrot^ios ical Uepo^v icaX 8 
KdKKlfiaxo<; Happdato^ Turxa/^o^^ tovtov yctp 17 1776- 
fiovia fjv tS>v O7ria'0o<f>v\d/coi)v Xo^arf&v ixelvr^ Tp ^fii- 
pa* oi Be aXKoi, 'Xo^arfol efievov ev r^ cur^xiSjei. fierit 
TOVTO ohf amr\KQov xmo tA BhBpa apffp&Trot^ C09 efiBo- 
fiTjKovTa, ovK ddpooL, oKKib KaQ^ hfa, eiccurro<; <f>vXaT' 
To/jLevo^ m iBvvaTo. ^Ajaaiag Bk 6 STVfKJydluo^ koX 9 
^Apurrdnwfiof; Me0vSpcev<;, koI ovtoc t&v 67rur0o<j>v- 
XoKtov \o%a7ol ojrre^, koX oKKol Be, €<f>i(JTao'av e^aa 
T&v BevBpcav • ov yap fiv aa'<l>aXh ev toI<; BivSpoi,^ eoTOr 
vcu iryjetov 'fj tov eva \o%oj/. evOa Bi) KaXKlfia')(p<; 10 
f£/if)(avaTai tc irpoeTpexev awo tov SivSpov, v<f>^ ^ Tjv 
avTO^, Bvo Kol Tpla fii^fjuaTa* hrel Bk ol \Cdoi, <f>€poiVTO, 
avej(a^€TO cvTrerS?' e<f>^ €Kd<m]<; Bk irpoSpofirj^ wkeov 
^ BeKa dfia^av ireTpav clvtiXUtkovto. 6 Bk ^Ayaaia^ll 
d^ opa TOV KaXKlfia'Xpv a iiroiec, koX to orpaTevfia 
irav Secofievov, Beiaa^, fiij ov irp&TO^; irapaBpdfioc eh 
TO ')(G}plov, oijTe TOV ^AptcTdiw/JLov ttXtjo-Iov SvTa irapor 
KaXeaa^ oiJrc EvpvKo^ov tov Aovccia CTaipov^ ovra^ 
ovTe aXKov ovBeva %&)/)€? avTO^y koX irapip')(erav irdv- 
Ta>^. 6 Bk KaKKlfia'Xp^ ci? ed>pa avTov wapvovTa, eirir 12 
TuifjL^dveTm avTov T979 ?tuo9* ev Bk TOVT(p wapidec 


by Google 

114 xenofhon's anabasis. 

avToif^ ^AptoTKowfio^ MeOvSpveik, /cal fiera toutop 
EvpvKoyp^ Aovaieih' iraine^ ^hp oSroi avreiroiovPTO 
dperij^ /cal Si/rjycovl^ovTO *rrpo^ aXKi]\ov^' /cat ovTa>9 
ipl^ovre^ alpovai, to %a)/>/bv. oyi^kp &wa^ eUriipOr 

13 fwVi ovSek irirpo^ avcoOev r)ve)(j9rf. ivravOa Stj Seivbv 
^v l^iafia, ai yap yxwauce^ pLwrovaav rib ira^Zla elra 
/cal latn-^9 iiri/caTepplirrow, /cal oi avipe^ &aravT<t>^. 
€V0a Bf) /cal Aiveia^ SrvfL^Xto^ \(y)(tvyo<; iSd>v riva 
Movra 1&9 pv^vja eavrov aroXifv expvra /caXffv hrtr 

14 XafJL^dverat a>9 KoiKiaoDV. o $k axnov eirunraroA,, /cal 
dfKf>6T€poc w)(pvTO /caret r&v irerp&p i\>ep6fi€voi /caX 
oTrifiavov. evrevdev avdpcoTrot fihf irdw oKlr/oi eKrj- 
<f>0rja'av, /3o€9 Sk /cal ovov iroXKol koX irpo^ara, 

15 ^Evrevdev eiropevdrja-ap Beet XaXvfioDV araSfwi^ 
eirrdy wapaadrfyoM irevrifj/covra. oirov ^aav &p S^j/K- 
00V aXxt^fuoTaroc, /cal eh x^lpa^ yeaav. et^ov Be 
l^wpaKos XtJ'ov? H'^XP'' '^^^ V'^pov, dvrl Bk r&v irrepv- 

1670)1/ Knrdpra irv/cvib iarpafifieva, el^pv Be Kal Kinjfu- 

^ So? /cdi Kpdvfj /cal iraph rrjv ^(ovrfv frnx^iptov wrov 
^vi]\rjv AaKODVL/cqv, S ea-ffyarrov &v Kparelv Bvpo^vro, 
/cal dirorifJivovTe^ &v tA? ^e^\^9 e^ovre^ ejropevovro, 
/cal ^Bov Kal ixppevov, oirore oi iroXifiux^ avTov<: cf^- 
a-ffa^ efieXKov. clxpv Bk /caX Bopv a>9 wevre/calBeKa 

17 iHYxSiv filav Xcrfyriv expv. ovroi evifiepov ev roh iro- 
\l<Tfia<nv hrel Bk wapiXdoiev oi "EW/tfve^, ehrovro 
ael iiaxofJi'€voi.. ^kovv Bk hf rol^ oxypoi^, /cal rit hri- 
TrjBeia iv rovroi*; dvoMe/cofita-fiivov ^aav Hare fju/jBh/ 
Xa^ipdveiv avrodev rovs ^'EKKrivas;^ oKKii Bierpdtfyqdfw 

18to?9 /crrjveaiv, h i/c rSiV Taixfuv tKa^ov. i/c rovrov 
oi "ETCKfjve^ dtfiUoino eiri top "Apiraa-ov irorafiov, eS- 
/309 rerrdpfov irXkdpoiv. evrevdev eiropevd'qa'av Bik 
S/CV0CV&V araOfioihi rerrapa^;, irapaa-d^as ecKoa-i, Bi^ 
ireBlov eh /cd>/ia^' iv ah eficLvav ^fUpa^ rpeh /caX 

\^ iireavrUravro. evrevdev Bi ^XOov OTo^fioi^ T^TTopa?, 


by Google 

BOOK IV. CHAP. vn. 115 

fiova Koi oucoviiAvrpff ^ iKcCKuro Tvfivla^* ix ravrrf<: 
o T^9 X^P^^ o,fyx<ov T0?9 ''EKKriatv rf^efiiva irifiirei, 
a7ra>9 Bl^ 7179 iavr&v iroXefiia^ X^P^^ S/^oi, avT0v^.20 
i\0i)p 8' ixelvo^ Xeyet, otv a^et avroxf*; irivre ^/jL€p&p 
ek %ft>/)ibi', o0€V Sy^VTcu l^dXarrav* el Sk fii], reOvdr 
veu emfyyiXKero. icat '^ovfievo^ eiretZtf ivifiaXep eh 
rffv eatrrol^ irdKefiiav, irapeKeXevero aXOeiv zeal ^elr 
p€iv TTfv x^P^^* ^ 1^^^ SffKov eyipero, Sri rovrov iveica 
ekffot, ov T^9 T&v ^EKKrivtov eivoCa^. xal d<f>itcvouvT(U 21 
eirl TO 6po^ t§ m-ifiwrrf ^/ffiipa' Svofia Sk r^ Spei ^v 
©i7%i79. iireiSr) Sk ol wp&roL iyipovTo iirl rov Spov^ 
KoX KaretSov rrjp SdKarTav, Kpavyf/ ttoXX.^ ir/ivero* 
oKovaw: Bk 6 Sepo<f>&v xal ol 6irur0o<j>vXaKe9 ^Orjaav 22 
efiirpoa-Oev aXXov^ hrvrlBeaOai iroKefilov^ • eiirovro yd^p 
KoX STnadev ol ex T779 KaiopAvr}^ X^P^* ^^^ avr&v ol 
o7ruT0o<l>v\a/ce^ dwi/creivdv ri nva^ koX i^dr/prjaav 
ipeSpav Trocrja-d/ievot, ical yippa eKa^ov hourei&v fio&v 
&fjL0^6eui dp^l rib eXKoaiv. iirecSif Sk (17) fioff irXelwv 22 
re iyiyvero teal iyyvrepov koI ol del eTriovre^: eOeov 
ipofitp eirl Toif^ del fio&vra^ Kal TroXK& fieCfyiv iylyvero 
ri Pot) o(r<p S^ TrKelov^ eylrfvovro, iSo/cev Btf fiei^ov rt 
elvcu T^ Uevo(l>&vTL' koI dvafid<$ e<\> iwirov Kal AvKiov2i 
KoX T0U9 hnrioui dvaXaficbv irape^oriBei,* Kal rdxfi S^ 
oKOvovav fiowvTODP T&v OTpaTiarr&v, OdXaTTO, SdKaT- 
Ta, Kol irapeyyimvTODV. evda Btf lOeov airaine^ koX ol 
oirurdo^vXxiKe^y Kal Td inro^vyia rjKavveTO Kal ol Ttt- 
woi. eirel ih d4f>lK0VT0 irdine^ hrl to aKpov, iirravda 25 
Btf irepUfiaXKov dWiy\ou9 Kal oTpaTrjyoif^ koX Xo^^o- 
yoif^ BaKpvQVTe^. Kal e^airivri^; otov Btf irapeyyvT^a-av- 
T09 ol oTpaTi&Tai, <f>ipova't \ldov^ Kal iroiovci koKcovov 
p^av. hnavQa dverlQeaav BeppATwv irXrido^ a>/to-26 
fioeUov Kal ^OKTfipia^ koL Td alxjJi'OKoDTa jippa, Kal 6 
ff^e^v auT09 re KoriTe^ive Td yippa Kal Tot9 dKKoc^ 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

XakTF9C3~^ .iXlSdL^B. 

rwnA juu ^ 

'mm impfttmis Saca. 
L^uiocu mmt iXmfie woXXtns 


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'£U^e( Sik Mar 


r wapare- 

J " ^i 

Lr^ ^iiipii I """ ' ^j ^ ' ^ 


BOOK IV. CHAP. vm. 117 

SoSev &v TOVTfDP T^ iruTTcL oi S' i^aaav kclL hovvcu 
KoX \afieiv idiXeof. ivrevdep iiZoaatv oi MaxptDve^ 
fiapfiapiKrjv Xoy^v roZ^ "EWrja-iv, oi Sk ''EKKrjfve^ 
ixeivoi^ ^EKKffvi^Kriv' ravra yhp i^xurav wurrct elvcu* 
Seoihi 8k eirefiaprvpavTO dfi(j>6T€poi. 

Merh hk rib irurriL evOif^s oi MdKpcDve^ rh Bh/Bpa 8 
cvpc^iteowrop n^v re oBbv iBoirolow, 109 Butfii^fidaov- 
T69, €P /Jbia-ov^ ai/afJL€fLirffJbivoc to?9 "JEXXiycrt, xal dr/opitv 
otav iBvpavTO irapetxoPi icaX irapiff^arfov h rpurlv ^fU- 
pai^, &>9 eTrl tA Kok^cov Spia Kariarriacc^ roif^ ^'EXr 
Xfjva^. hnavda Jjv Spo<; fiir/a, irpoa^arov Si* koI iwl 9 
rovTOv oi KoX'Xpv iraparerar^iihov ^av. xal to fjbhf 
irp&TOV oi ^^EWrjpe^ avrim-aperd^avro xarck <f>dKa/fya, 
©9 ovTO)9 afoin-€9 7r/>09 TO opo<;' hrevTa Bk eSo^e toZ^ 
OTpaTfjyo'k ^ovXevaaaOac avXKeyeunv, 07ra)9 e&9 fcdX- 
XioTa drfaviovPTau IXefei/ oSv Uevoifmv, oTi Boteec 10 
iravaavras t^j/ ^dXarffa 'Koj(ov^ 6p0iov^ iroLrj(rcu* rj 
fihf ffibp ^>aKarf^ hmaircurd'qa'erav evBv^* t§ fihf yhp 
avoBov T§ Bk evoBov evpi^aofiev to 6po^* koL €vOv<: tovto 
aBvfJLlai^ irod^a-ei, oTav Tera/yfiipoi cfc ifuiXar/ya TavTtfv 
Bieawcur/Jbivrjv 6p&<nv. iweiTa, fjv fiev eirl 7ro\Xov9ll 
Tercuyfjiipoi wpo<r<ir/ci)fi€P, irepLTrevaovaiv r)ii&v oi iro- 
TU/uoi Kal T0?9 irepiTToU xp^ycrovrat o, rt &v fiovKayv- 
Tav* iav Bk eir 6\iyG)v TeTcuyfUvoi toDfiep, ovBev &v 
etrf ^avfJbcuTTov el BtatcoTrehf rj^&v fi (fydXary^ xnro 
aJ0p6(av KoX fieX&v /cat dvOpdmoDV iroXK&v ifiireaovTCDV* 
el Bi TTff TOVTO earai, t^ oXrf {fuiTuxr/yt, kcucov Iotcu, 
dXKd fioi BoKei opdlov^ Toif^ X6;fou9 irovqaaiihoxff; \% 
ToaovTOV XG)/>/oz/ KaToax^cv Bia\i7r6vTa^ T019 X6xo49 
oaov Ifo) Toif^ iaycLTow; "Koxov^ yepiaffai, t&v iroXe- 
fiuov KCpdroDV* Kol ovTO)^ iaofieda T1J9 t€ t&v iroX^- 
liUov ^dXarfyo9 e^to oi etrxfiToi Xoxoh /cal op0lov<i 
arfovre^ oi KpaTvaroi fi^&v irp&Toc irpoaiaavv, § tc &v 
evoBov ^, Tavrp &a<rro9 a^ei 6 Xo^o^* /cal eh t€ t6 13 


by Google 

118 XENOPHON'8 ajtababis. 

BuiKehrov ov pjZiov lareu rol^ irdKefiiot^ elceXffeU 
hfOev /cal evdev X6%a)i/ 6vt<&v, BuucS^^ut re oif pqZiav 
ScTTcu iJyxpv Spdiov irpoatovra, idv re tl^ TrU^ffrcu 
T&v "Kox^v, 6 TrKfjalop ^or)0ii<r€t. ijv re eh 'Jry BwnjO^ 
T&v JJyxi^v iirl rb a/cpov ava^ijvav, ovBeh fi/qiceTL fielvj) 

14 T&v irokefiUav. ravra eBo^e, koI hrovow opdiov^ rov^ 
TJyxpv^* Uevo^v Bk amiMV hri to ^mwyuov amh rod 
Bel^iov eXeye to?9 (TTpaTuinai^, ''AvBpe<:, oStoI elaiv 
0O9 6pdT€ fJLovoi €Ti rifiiv epjiroBonv to fitf ijBff elvai evBa 
TToKcu iawevBo/iev' tovtovs, fjv tto)? Buvdfieda, koI 
a)fioif<; Bet KaTa^xxr/etv, 

15 'jEttcI 8' ev Tat9 X(op<u<i SKoaroi ir/ipovTO teal tov9 
X6;fou9 6p0lov9 hrotriaavTOy iyivovro fikv "Koxov t&p 
oirXiT&v dfujyl tov9 oyBorjKOVTa, 6 Bk XS^o^ Itccurrof; 
ox^Boy et^ Toif^ eteftrov tov9 Bk ireKToaTd^ /cal tov9 
To^ora^ Tptxv ^ot'^aavro, tov9 fihf rod ewovvfjLov ^fo, 
Toi)<$ Bk rod Be^iov, rois Bk /caTct fUaov, ax^Bov e^cuco- 

16 <ribu9 eicdaTov^. e/c tovtov Traprjyyvrjaav oi aTpanjyol 
eHxeaOai* ev^dfievoi, Bk Kal ircuavUravre^ eiropevomo. 
seal Xecpicoipo^ fiev /cal Uevo^v teal ol ai/v avTot<$ 
irekTaoTal t^9 t&v m-oXefjLioDV <f>d7uvffo<; efo yevofievoi 

n hropevovTO* oi Bk iroXAfiioi, 609 etZov axnov^, Avriira- 
paOeovTe^ ol fiev eirl to Be^iov oi Bl iirl to evwiw/iov 
BteawdaOrja-av, xal iroXif t^9 avT&v ^oKarf^o^ ev TfiJ 

18 fUa^ K€vbv hrolriaav. JZovTe^ Bi avTOiK; Bui/)(d^^^^^ 
oi Korib TO ^ApKoBi^Kov irekTOXTTali &v fjpxev Alaxivri^ 
6 'Axapvdv, vo^laavTe^ ^vyeiv dva/cpayovTe^ edeov 
Kal oxnoL irp&Tov iirl to 6po<i dva^alvovcn" awe<f>e(r 
TTCTO Be avToh /cal to *Ap/caBi/cov ottIutlkov, &v fjpx^ 

19 KXedvdDp 6 ^Opxpfievio^. oi Bk iroXifiioi, w fjp^carro 
^elv, ov/ch-c earrja-aVf dXXA (l>vy§ aXXo9 aXK'p erpd- 
Trero, oi Bk ^EWrjve^ dvafidvTe^ eoTpaTOireBevovTO 
iv 7ro\Xai9 /c(!>fiai<: /cal Ta^jnTi^Beui iroXKct ixovacu^. 

20 /cal Tcc fikv dXKa ovSkv fjv, o, rt Kal idavfuura^v rd Bi 


by Google 

BOOK IT. CHAP. ym. 119 

<r^V7i TToKKiu ffv avrSffi,, koI r&v tcfjpltov Stroi, e^xvfoy 
T&v oTparuor&p irdvre^ a^povi^ re iyir/povTO koX 
rjfiovp Kol KCLTfo h^exoypet, airroh teal opOos ovSeh fjBih 
varo lOTCurffai, d\V ol fikv oKlrfov iSffSoKore^ a^)6Spa 
fieOvovaiv i^xeaav, oi hi ttoXm fuuvo/iipoi^, oi Sk /col 
airoBvija/cova'iv, €K€Ivto hi ovtcd ttoXKoI &<nr€p rpoirrj^ 21 
yeyeinjfihn}^, xal TrdXXff Tjv aOvfila. vp S' varepauf 
airiffave^ fihf ovhek, dfjxf>l he ttjv avTqv ttov &pav 
dvei^povow rpirrj hi xal rerdprri dvUrravro Sniirep 
CK ^pfxaKoiroa-ias* 

*EvT€v0€v S' i7rop€v0rj(rav hvo araJBfiov^, irapor 22 
aiff^a^ iirrd, teal ^\0ov iirl ^aKarrav eh Tpaire- 
fyvvra TToTuv 'EXKrjvlSa, olxovfiivrjv iv toJ Ev^eivip 
II6vT(p, StvcDiricDV aTToi/ciav iv t§ Kokx'^^ X^P9' 
hnavOa e/ieivav fipApa^ dfuf)! t^9 rptdKovra iv rai^ 
T&v K6\')((ov Ka>fiai<;' tcavrevOev opfuofbevoi ikffl^ovro 23 
TTjv Kdkxiha, ar^ophv hi irapelx^v tw arpaToirih^ 
Tpaire^ovvrioi,, xal ihi^avro re Toif<$ '^EXKffva^ koI 
^evia ehoaav fiov^ koI a\if>iTa koX olvov. awhieirpdr- 24 
TOVTO hi KoX inrip t&v irkrialov Kok^f^v t&v iv t^ 
'jrehl^ fidXioTa oIkovvtcov, koX ^evva koX irap i/celvoDV 
ffXJ&ov fide^, fierct hi tovto ttjv ^vtrlav, fjv evfavro, 25 
TTCtpea/cevd^ovTO • TjXdov S' avTol^i IkovoX ^6e^ diro- 
dvaai T^ AiX T^ a-oDTTJpi koI tw ^HpaKkel if^eyJiGwa 
Koi Tot9 aXKovi ^eov; h ev^avTo, iiroiria'av hi koX 
dry&va yvfiviKov iv tc5 Spei, evOairep iaKrjVow. eZ- 
XovTO hi ApaKovTioy SfrapTidTr^v, S? e^uye irat<; &v 
oi/coOev, TToiha axcov /eara/CTavwv f ui}X]7 Trarcif a?, hpo- 
fiov T iTnfieXffOijvai xal tov drf&vo^ TrpooTarija-av. 
iireihrf hi fj Svaia iryiveTo, Tcb hepfiaTa irapihoo'av T<p 26 
ApaKOVTl<p, KoX rf^evrOai ixikevov, oirov tov hpofiov 
7r€7roi7)Ka)^ eirj. 6 hi hei^a^ oxnrep earrjKOTe^ iTvyX'^ 
vov, Olrro^ 6 \6<f>o^, e^fyq, koXKktto^ Tpex^tv oiroi av 
T49 fiovX/rjTai. JIw? oiv, i(f)a(rav, hwiqaovTai, irdXaleLV 


by Google 


iv (T/eKrjp^ koX Seurei ovro)^ ; 6 S' etire, MaXKov t* 
27 avuiaercu 6 /caraTrea-wv. i^odvI^qvto Bk iraSBe^ fikp 
OToBiov T&v al)(jjLa7i^TCi)v oi irXeZcrrov, S6\ij(pp Sk 
KprJT€^ irkelov^ fj i^/covra eOeov, 7r£Kriv he koL ttv- 
yfiffv KoX irarfKpdrtov Srepoi,. icaX KaXif Sia iyhero* 
iroXKol yhp Karififfa-av zeal are S€(Ofiiv<ov r&v eraiptov 
287roX\^ <l>L7iov€Mia iyiypero. iOeov Sk koX Xmrov kclL 
ihei avToif^ Karh rod irpavov^ iXAcavra^ iv t§ l^a- 
Xdrrrf ava<rrph^avTa<; irdTuv avto irpo^ rbv ^(Dfiov 
ayeiv. xal /cdTOD fikp ol ttoKKoI i/evKtvSovvro' av<o Se 
7r/)09 TO l(r)(ypw SpBiov p^lu^ fidSrjv iiropevovro ol 
Tmroi * €v0a iroXkrj Kpavytf koX yiKco^ /eal irapcuciKev- 
0-^9 iyiyvero avr&v. 


1 ^Otra /lev Zrj ev r^ dvafida-ec t§ /lerh Kvpov 
hrpa^av ol ^'EX\rjve<;, koX otra iv ry iropeia rf} fiixP* 
iirl SaKarrav rijv iv t& Ev^elvtp Ilovr^, xal &^ efc 
Tpaire^ovvra ttoXlv 'E\\i]viSa cufyl/covro, xal co9 airi- 
Bvaav h ei^avro a-forripia l^vaeiv, evffa irpSnov ek 
^CKUlv yrjv d(f)iKovvTo, iv r^ irpoaOev Tioytp BeSi^Xoyraim 

2 ix hk TovTov ^xweK66vre<; i^ovXjevovTO irepl r^ Xot9r^9 
iropela^' dvicmj Sk Trp&ro^ ^AvrCKecav Oovpto^ /cal 
SXje^ev ftiSe. 'JSyo) /ikv rolviw, €(f)7}, & avSp€<;, direi- 
pv\Ka TjSrf ^va-Keva^ofievo^ teal ^aZlfyav kclL Tpkxfov koX 
Tct OTrXa <l>ep(av xal iv rd^ei loi>v kclI ^v\a/c^9 (l>v\dTTa>v 
teal fjuixofievo^, i7n0v/i& Sk ^&7 iravadfievo^ tovt<ov 
T&v ir6v(av, eireX ^dXarrav expfiev, TrXetv ro "Kovirhv 
KaX ixraOek, &<nrep ^OSvaa-ev^, KajBevZcav d^uciaBfu 

3 €49 riiv ^EKKdZa. ravra aKOvaavre; oi aTpaTi&riU 
avedopvfiija-av, co9 ei Xiyoi* teal qKKo^ ravrh SXjcye, 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. I. 121 

teal irdvre^ oi irapSme^. eiretra hk X€ipUTO^^ dviarrj 
teal elirev c&Se. $tXo9 fiol itrnv, & dvSp€<;, 'Ava^ifiio^, 4 
vavapx^v 2^ \jcaX\ Txrfx^v^L. rjv ovv irifiyp^ri fie, 
otofiac Slv iXdeiv koI Tpii]p€i^ exp^v xal ifKola rd ^fiS^ 
d^ovra' viiel<; ik etirep ifKelv ^ov\e<r0^ irepifiivere, 
ecrr dv iyoo ek6(o • ^^6> he Ta^icof;. dKov<raine<; ravra 
ol OTparianai, rfaOfia'dv t€ koX e^cfylaavro irkeiv axnov 
c»9 Tax/^OTa. 

Merd rovrov Uevof^v dviarrj teal eKe^cv cSSe. 5 
Xeiplao^^ fih Sff eirl irXola OTeXXerai, fiiiel^ Sk dvor 
fi€vov/i€P' oaa fioi, ovv Soxei Kaipo<; elvav iroieiv ev t§ 
[wv^f ravra ip&. irp&TOV fiev rd iiri/rriheub Zei iroplr 6 
^eaOai ex t^9 irdKefiia^;' ovre ydp dr/opd €<m,v ucavti 
ovre OTOV ayvrjcrofjCeOa einropla, el firj 6\lyoc<; rcalv fj ik 
X^pO' iroXcfiia' kIvZwo^ ovv ttoXKov^ diroKKvaOa^, fjv 
dfieKlo^ re koI d(f)v\dKT<o<; iropevriaOe eirl rd iwi^Tif- 
Seca. dXKd fiot So/cei avv irpovofxal^ Xafi^dvecv rd 7 
iTTiTijSeca, aWa>9 Se fiff irXavaaOac, d)? (r(!)^rj<T0€, fifid^i 
hk TOVTCDv iin/ieXela-Oai. eSo^e ravra. "En rolvw 
dKovaare koI rdBe. iirl Xelav ydp vfi&v i/crropeva-ov- 8 
ral Ttz/€9. ohfULL oxfv ^eXrvov ehac fifilv elrrelv rov 
fLeXKoma i^Uvai, (fypd^eiv Sk xal oiroi, Xva zeal ro irXTj- 
00^ etZ&fiev r&v i^covroDV kol r&v fievovrtov koI ^vfjr 
7rapa^K€vd^(0fi€v idv rv Serj, kcLv ^orjOrjaal riai, Kai- 
po% ii elZ&fiev oiroi ieqaei ^orjOetv, xal idv Tt9 r&v 
dweiporipayv iyx^''PV ^^** ^vfifiovXevw^bev Trecpdfievoi 
elZkvai, rtfv Bvvaficv i<f> 0^9 dv tcoa-vv. eSof e xal ravra, 
^Ewoeire Sk xal roSe, effyq, cr;^o\^ T0Z9 iroXefiioi^; Xrjl- 9 
^eaOai, koX BtKO^o)^ fipZv iirvfiovXevova-iv expfiev ydp 
rd CKeivoDV' V7r€p/cd6r)vrai 8' ^qfi&v. <l>vXaKa<; Sij fiov 
ioKeZ Selv irepl to arparorrehov elvav idv oiv xard 
fLipo<$ [/jLepurOivresi] <l>v\drra)fi€v xal (r/eoir&fiev, ^rrov 
dv Svvauno ripA^ J^pav oi iroXifiioi. en rolvw rdSe 
opdre, el fikv ffirifOrdfieOa (ra<f>w, on ij^ec irXoia 10 


Digitized by LaOO^lC 


XevpUroipo^ ofytov ucavd, oifSkv &v eSei &v fiiXK(o Xi- 
yeiv vvv S' hrel tovto SZrjkov, So/cel fioi Treipao'dai 
irkota av/nrapa(rK€vd^€cv xal avroOev. fjv fikv yhp 
ekOy, vTrafy)(pvT(ov ivOdBe iv a^dovdmkpoL^ TfKevarov- 

11 fjL€0a, ihv Sk^fjL^ arfii, to?9 €v66Ze ')(pr)a6iie0a. 6p& S^ 
eyo) TrXoJa iroXKdKis irapairkiovra' el oiv alTr}(rdp£POC 
iraph Tpairefy^vmUov fiaKph ifKoia icaTdr/oifiev koX <^v- 
TiArroifiei/ avrh ret 7njSd\ia irapakvofievov, l(a)9 &v 
Uavct ret a^ovra yivrfrac, fcrco? &v ovk airopiia'cufJLeu 

12 KOfii^^ ol[a^ Seo/ieOa* eSofe xal ravra. ^Ewo^aare 
B*, iffyq, el elxos xal rpi(f)eiv diro koivov 01)9 &v Kara- 
^arf(OfjLev, oaov &v ^xpovov i^/i&v epexep fikvfoari, kclI 
vavKov ^wOeaOav, Sttco? &^eKovvre^ koX on^feK&vrcu, 

IZeho^e koX ravra. AoKeZ rolwv fiot, effyq, fjv apa koL 
ravra r/fiiv firj e/CTrepalvrjTai &aTe apxelv ifKoia, tA? 
oSov9> &9 SvcnrSpov^ atcovofiep elvai, Tai<; irapa ^aXar- 
rav olKovfiivat,^ TroKeciv ivrelTuurffcu oBowoielv Trei- 
aovrav yhp xal Bict to t^o^elaBav koX Bict to ^ovKetrdai, 
fifi&v diraXKct/pivai. 

14 ^EvTavOa Be dvixparfov, ca9 ov Bioi oSoiTropeiv. 
6 Be ca9 eyi/G) t^jv d^poavvrjv axn&v, CTre^jyc^wre fikv 
ovBiv, tA9 Bk 7ro\€^9 CKOvaa^ hret^aev oBorrovelv, TJyan^, 
OT^ ^aTTOv airoKKd^ovTaii fjv einropot, yivoovTac al 6B0L 

15 eKa^ov Bk xal TrevTrf/covTepov iraph t&v Tpaire^ow- 
tUov, ^ €iriarTi](rav Ae^vwirov Adic(ova ireplocKov. o5- 
T09 djieKriaa^ tov ^vkXiyeiv ttXowi diroSpct^ ^X^o e^to 
Tov HovTov exfov Tijv vavv. o5to9 fihf oZv Bi/ccua 
eiraOev varepov iv Qpdtcrj yhp iraph SevOrj ttoXv- 
irparfiiov&v Ti diriBavev vtto Nt/cdvBpov tov AdxcDvo^, 

IGeka^ov Bk teal Tpui/covTopov, § eTrearddrf TloXv/epdrrf^ 
^A07]vato<:, 89 oiroaa Xafi^dvoi irXota KaTrjyev eirl to 
arparoTreBov. teal tA fiev dr/ciyifia, eX tv ff^ov, i^oi- 
povfievoi (f>v\aKa<: KaOicrToaav, oirta^ aSya etff, T0J9 Bi 

17 7r\otbt9 exp^cavTO eh Traparyar/'^v. iv ^ Bk Tavra ^ 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. I. — ^n. 123 

oi hk Kol oH. SXeabfero^ S* i^arfarya>v /cal rbv kavrov 
KoX aXKov Isjiypv irpo^ j((oplov xa\€7roj/ auT09 re wrrkr 
6av€ Kal oKKoL irdKKm t&v a-inf avr^. 

'JSttcI Sk Tct €7riTi]B€UL ovicirv Tjv Xafifidveiv Sore 2 
airavOfffiepl^eiv cttI to OTparoveSov, ix tovtov XafioDV 
U€vo<l>&v ff^efiovaf; t&v Tpaire^oinrriayv i^^ec ek ApC- 
X^9 TO fjfiurv rov arparevfiaTOf;, to Sk tj/iktv Kari\nre 
(l>v\dTT€iv TO oTparoTreBov ol y^p Kl>\)(piy &t€ i/CTre- 
irrcDKore^ t&v oIki&v, ttoXXoI ^a-av aOpooi kclL inrepeKiSr 
ffffVTO iirl T&v aKpoav. ol hk Tpairefyvvrioi oirhOev fiev 2 
tA eirvTrfieui paStov fjv Xa^etv ovk fiyov <l>tXoi yhp 
airrob^ Ijaav eh tou9 ApiKa/i Sk irpoOviMO^ ff^ov, vt^ 
&v KaK&^ hrcurypVi eU %a>/>^ t€ opetvh Kal hva^ara 
teal avffpdyrrov^ iro\€finc(OTdTOV<; t&v iv t^ II6vT(p. 

^Eirel Sk ^<rav iv Tg avo) X^P9 ^^ ^^EWrp/e^, oirola 3 
T&v yoDpkdv T0£9 ApvXuLf; aKdxrvfia elvai iSoxei ifiirir 
TrpdvTe: wTrpea-av zeal oiSkv Tjv \a/ifidv€cv, el /iff {f<: 'fj 
fiov^ fl SXKo Tt, /CTrjvo<; to irvp Sunreipevyo^, hf hk ^v 
X<^piov fJujTpoTrolu^ avT&v eh tovto ttovtc^ ^weppvr^ 
Keaav. irepX Be tovto Ijv 'XfipdZpa l<rxyp&^ fiaBetai 
Kol irpoaohov ;^a\€7ral Trpo? to x^P^^' ^^ ^^ irekrar 4 
oToX 7rpoBpa/i6vT€<: ardSui irhne fj Sf t&v ottIut&v, 
BiafidvTe^ T^v xf^pdBpav 6p&VT€^ irpo^WTa ttoXXA koX 
SKKjcl xpVH^'^^9 TTpoaifiaXKov irpb^ to xf^piov ^wel- 
TTOVTO Bk Kal Bopv<l>6poi 'TToTCKol ol iirl tA hriTriBeui 
i^cDpp/rifiivoi' &<rT€ iyivovTO ol Bui^dvTe^; TrXeiov^ fj 
ek Bur^cXlov^ dvOpdyirov^, iirel Bk fjuvxpfievoi, ovk 5 
eBvvavTo Xafieiv to %a)/>/bj/^ Kal yhp Td(l>po^ Tjv irepl 
avTo evpela dvafiejSXff/Mevi] Kal aKokoir&; iirl t^9 dva- 
fio\ij^ Kal Tvpaet^ trvKvaX ^vXivac ireiroiripAvat,, airU- 
vat, Bff iirexelpovv* ol Bk iiriKeivTO avToh. &^ Bk ovk 6 
iBvvavTO aTTOTpix^tv, ijv yhp icf)^ evo^ 17 KaTdfia/rv^ iK 
Tov x^P^^ ^^^ '^^^ x^P^P^^> irepnrovai, irph^ Sevo- 


by Google 

124 zenophok's anabasis. 

7 ^&VTa, S9 rffelro Tofc oirXirai^. 6 8' i\0a)v TJyei, 
oTi eoTi yfoplov ^piy/u^TG)!' iroXK&v /jl€ct6v tovto ovre 
Xa^eiv SvvdfieOa* l<r)(ypov yap i<mv' ovre aireXBelv 
paSiov fuixovrai yhp eireJ^eKrjKvBore^ xal f} a^So^ 

8 'XftKeTTi]. oKOVO'a^ ravra 6 Uevo^&v 7rpoaayarya)v irpo^ 
rrjjV x^pdZpav roifs i^hf oirXira^ Be<r0aL i/ciXevae rh 
oirXa, auT09 Bk Suifict^ ainf T0Z9 Tuyxfxryoif; iarKOTretTO, 
TTorepov eirj /epelrrov aird/yeiv KaX tov9 Bta^efirjKora^ 
ri /cal toik: oifklra^; Sia^ifid^eiv, ©9 oKSvto^ &p tov 

j(G>plov. iSo/cei yhp to fihf dirdrfevv ovk elvai avev 
TToW&p v€Kp&v, eXeiv S* &v ^ovro koI ol \fy)(arfol to 
'Xfoplov. Kol 6 Uevo^v ^vv€X(i>pv^^ '^^^^ lepoh iri- 

. <rTev(Ta^' oi yhp fidvT€i<; diroSeBeiryfiivoc fjaav, oti 

10 fidxv R'^ earai, to Sk t€\o^ kclSjov t^? i^oBov. /cal 
T0V9 fjf^ev Xo^fvyov^ eirefiTre BuL^ifidcovTa^ tov9 oirklr 
TO/;, avTO^ B* Ifievev dvayo^plaa^ airaina^ tov^ ireKr 

11 Ta^ard^, Kol ovBiva eta aKpo^oXl^eada^, iirel S' ^kov 
oi ottXItoc, i/eiKevae tov Xoxov eKO^rrov iroiriaai t&v 
\oj(a^&v <^9 &v KpaTiara otrjTai drffovielarOav* fjtrav 
yhp oi Xo)(a^ol ifKriaLov ahXrihjcoVy ei irdma tov xP^ 

12vov dWi^Xoi,^ irepl dvBparya£Ui^ avTeiroiovvTO, xal oi 
fikv Tama iirolow 6 Bk to?9 TreXTatrrai^; iract irapffi- 
76W6 BtvfyKvKjoifihovf; livai, 0)9, oiroTav <rripn]vrjf dxov- 
Tl^ecv Berjaov, koI tov<; Tof 6x^9 eTrcfiefikrjarffai errl Tai9 
vevpai^f €&9, oiroTav <T7)fi'qvj^, To^eveiv Berjaov, koI tov9 
yvfivrJTa^ XldcDV e^e*!/ fieoTh^ 7^9 Bu^Bipa^;* KaX tov9 

iZ iirtfTTjIBelov^ iirefi'^ tovtcov iinfiekffOrjvai. iTrel Bk 
irdma irapearKevaaro /cal oi \oj(oryol /cal oi {nroXoyf^ 
yol /cal oi d^ioCvTC^; tovtodv fiff x^lpov^ elvai, irdvTC^ 
'jrapaTeraryfiivoi ^aav, xal dXhj7<x)i;^ fikv B^ ^vvedpcov* 

H fiffvoeiBf)^ yhp Bih to xf^ptov t} Taft9 Tiv hrel S* eTroi- 
dvurav /cal 17 a-dXiriy^ i^Oir/^aTO, afia t€ to5 ^EwaXlqf 
rjXdXa^av /cal Weov Bpofi^ oi oirXiTai, /cal Tct fiikri 
ofAov iipipcTo, yJrfxav, To^evfiaTa, a-(l>€vB6vaA, TrXelcrTOi 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. n. 125 

8' ix T&v xevp&v \l0oi, Tjaav Sk ot koX wvp irpotrk- 
<l>€pov. VTTO Sk rod irki^Oov^ r&v ^ek&v ikiirov oi 15 
TroXifiLoi rd re oTavpdfuiTa xal tA? Tvpar€i<;' &aT€ 
*Ayaaia9 SrvfKf)d\io^ zeal ^tX6^€Vo<; IleXKffveif^ Kara- 
ffifievoc T^ oirXa ev 'xjlt&vl fiovov dvi^ffo-av, teal a\Xo9 
aXKov etXjce, kcu a\Xo9 dva^efi'^/eei, koX rikxaKev to 
')((oplov, (09 iSoKCi. Kot oi fiev irekTcurral koI oi '\^iXjoI 16 
elaSpafiovTe^ fipirafyv o,Tt, lKaaTO<; iBvparo • o Sk Uepo- 
i^&v (rrib^ Karh rd^ irvXa^ 6ir6<T0tJ^ iBvvaro KareKtiiKve 
T&v oirXiT&v 6^0)* irdXAfiioi ydp aXKot iffMivovro hr 
aKpoi^ tutIv IfTxypoi^. ov iroXKov Sk "XpSvov fiera^if 17 
yevofjbivov Kpauyy re iylr/vero evBov xal l^evyov oi fikv 
KCbL exovre^; h cKafiov, Tdx^ Se ti% kc^ T^ptayi^kvo^* tccbi, 
7ro\i)9 Tjv wOia-fib^ dfuf)! Td Svperpa. teal ipayroiyfievov 
oi iKTriirTovre^ iKeyov, ore axpa ri iarvv hfhov KcCi, 
oi irdXAfiLOL iroXKjoli ot iralovaiv iKZehpap/qKOTe^ Toif^ 
€vSov dvOpayjTOVf;. hnavOa dveLirelv iKiXevcre ToXfiC- 18 
Stjv tov Krjpvica Uvat, eXato tov ^ovkofievov ti Xa/jr 
fidveiv, teal lano ttoXXoI eXao), koX vikAci tou9 
i/CTriirTovTa^ oi elac^ffovfjuepoc xal /caTaKKeiovat, Tois 
TToXefilov^; irdKiv el<; ttjv atcpav. teal Td fikv e^oD ttj^ 19 
aKpa^ irdvTa hi/qpirdaOTi koX i^e/cofii<ravTO oi "JSXXi;- 
i/€9» oi Sk OTrKZTOV eOeino Td oTrXa, oi fiev irepl Td 
OTavpojfiaTa, oi Sk xaTd Ttfv oSov t^j/ iirl ttjv axpav 
^povaav. 6 Bk U€vo<l>&v koI oi Xoxprfol ia/coirovv, 20 
el otov T€ eirj ttjv axpav Xafieiv Ijv ydp ovtg)^ a-ayrrj' 
pia aa'<f>a\i^^, a\Xct)9 Bk irdvv ;^aX67roi/ iSoKei elvac 
direKOetv a-Koirovfiivois Be ainol^ iBo^e TravTdirafTW 
dvaKomov etvai to ^aip/bi/. hnavOa irapetTKevd^ovTo 21 
TT^v a<f)oBov, Kol T0V9 fikv (TTavpoxf^ eKOOTOL Toif^ tcad^ 
avToif<; Bcppow, xal tov<; dxpeiov^ zeal (f>opTla ^ovra^ 
i^eire/iTTovTO koI t&v ottXct&v to ttX^^o?, KaTdKiirov- 
T€9 oi Xoxprfol oh eKCurro^ eirioTevev, eirel B^ rjp^avTO 22 
airoxfopetv, eire^eOeov ivBoOev ttoXXoI yeppa kol Xoyxfl^ 


by Google 

126 xknophon's anabasis. 

^oi/T€9 Kal KvrifitZa/f; koI /cpdvrj IIcufiKarfoviKii, teal 
aXKoi iirl tA9 oIkUl^ avifiacvov rct^ evdev koX ev0€V 

23t^9 eh T^i' aKpav (f>€povarrf^ oSov' wore ovSe Suoxeiv 
ao-<^a\^9 ^v Karct ra^i irvKa^ rh^ eU r^v axpav ^pov- 
(Tw;. Kal y^p ^vXa fieydXa hrepplirTOVv av(o6ev, &arr€ 
"XfiKeTrov ^v koI fiivetv Kal dirikvaL, Kal ^ vif^ ^^epb, 

24: ^v iircovaa. fia')(pfiivcov ik avr&v Kal a/iropovpAvdDV 
Se&v Tt9 avToh p/r)')(avrjv aayrripia^ SIBoxtlv. i^airivi]^ 
y^p dviTutp^^ei/ otKla t&v iv Se^ia orov Sff evd'^avro^. 
0)9 S' avrq ^x^viTnirrev, €<l>€uyov ol diro t&v iv Se^ia 

25 oIki&v. €&9 Sk epuOev 6 Sevo^&v tovto irapa t§9 
TVXV^i ivdirreiv iKiKeve Kal Ta9 iv dpiarepa oIkUl^, 
ai ^vXivai Ijaav, cSore Kal ra'xp iKaiovro. e^evyov 

26oZv Kal oi diro tovtodv t&v oIki&v. ol Se KaTa to 
(TTOfia Bff eTV /lovoi iKviroxw Kal Brpi^t Tjorav oti irrir 
Kcla-ovTac iv t§ i^oB^ t6 Kal KaTafidaei, ivTavOa 
iraparfyiXKec <l>ip€iv ^vXa Saoi iTvyj(avov e^o) oi/re? 
T&v ^ek&v el<s TO pAaov eavT&v Kal t&v iroKefiUov* 
eirel Sk iKavd rjSrj Tjv, ivrjy^av ivrjiTTOv Bk Kal tA? 
Trap* avTO to ')(apdKiapLa oiK(a<s, 07ra>9 ol iroXificoL dfi<f}i 

27TavTa e^otei/. ovtg) fi6\i^ dirriKOov diro tov ^^capfoi/, 
irvp iv fUartp eavT&v Kal t&v iroXefilcov iroLi]a'dfi€vo&, 
Kal KareKavOri iraaa ri iroTu^ koX ai oIkUh koX at 
Tvp<r€t,^ Kal tA (TTavpcofiaTa Kal TSXKa irdvTa irKi^v 
T^9 aKpas* 

28 T§ Be ixrrepau} dirrieaav oi ^EXKrive^ expVT&; ri 
iiriTTiBeui. irrel Be ttjv KaTd^aavv i^fiovvTO ttjv el^ 
Tpaire^ovvTa, irpavrjf; ykp ^v Kal orevij, ylrevBeviBpav 

29 i7roii]a-avTO • Kal dvfjp Mvab<; to yevo<; Kal Tovvofia 
TOVTO ex^yv T&v KprjT&v "Kafimv BiKa IfJLevev iv Tuurltp 
X<»>pl(p teal irpoaeiroieiTO tou9 iroXefiiov^ ireipaaOai, 
XavOdveiv ai Be ireXTai avT&v aXXore Kal aWoTe 

30 Bte^lvovTO x^£KKal oS<rat. oi /lev oiv irdKefiLoi, TOVTa 
Btop&VTe(f i^fiovvTo C09 iviBpav oiaav fi Be oTpaTih 


by Google 

BOOK V. OHAP. n. — ^in. 127 

€V TOVT^ Karifia4^V€v, iwel Bk iBoxec ijStj ucavov inre- 
XrjkoOivaL, t& Mva^ iarjii/qve <f)€vyew dvi, Kpdro^* 
zeal h^ i^avaarh^ ^v^ev ical oi aiw avr^, /cal oi fiivB) 
aTCKoi KprJT€<;, aXlaKe<T0ai ydp eifxiaav r^ ipofup, 
i/cirea-ovre*: e/c rrj^ oSov ek vKriv tearcb tA? vdiras tevTuv- 
hovfievov €(T(007j(rap, 6 Mvao^ Sk /card rfjp oSov <f>€vyi0P 
ifioa fiorjdeiv Kal i^oi]0fj<rav air^, scat dviXafiov^ 
rerpayfiipov /cal avrol iwl iroia dv€xa>povp fiaXKo- 
fievoL ol poriOriaavre^ Kal ainvro^evovres rive; r&v 
KprjT&p. 015x6)9 d^UoPTO iirl to OTpareireSop irdpre^ 
a&oi, 6pt€^. 

^Eirel Bk ovt€ Xetplao<f>o^ ^k€p ovt€ TrXoZa Ixapd 3' 
^v QVT€ rd iinri^Beui ^p Xafifidpeip en, iBoxec dirtriop 
ecpai. zeal ek fiep rd irXoca tov9 T€ daOepovpra^ ip€- 
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Kal yi/pdcKa^ Kal r&p aK€v&p oaa fit) dpdr/Krj Ijp i^eof 
Kal ^CKrjaiOP Kal Sq^Ip€top tov? irpea^vrdrov^ t&p 
arpaTfff&p elafiifida-apre^ tovtodp eKeKevop einfieXel' 
crOai* ol Bk aXKoi hropevopTO' fi Bk oBo^ ayBoTTOirffiipfj 
^p. Kal d^KPovPTai iropevofiepoi els Kepaaovpra rpir 2 
raioi, iroKtp ^EXKi]piBa iirl BoKdrrp, Sazonricop airoir 
Kop, ip T§ Ko\')(IZo xoapa* ipravOa Ifjuecpap tifjApa^ 3 
BeKa* Kal i^ira^n^i iv rol^ 07r\ot9 iylrypero koI dpi- 
Ofi6<;, Kal iyipopTo oKraKurxpuov koX i^aKoaioi. oiroi 
iartoOrja'ap iK t&p dp^l tov<: fivpiov^' oi Bk ahXoi 
wirdiXopTO xmo re t&p irdkefiitop Kal x^yo9 Kal et t49 

^EpTavOa koI BuCKafifidpovai to diro t&p alxjia- 4 
yjoin<ap dpyvpiop ycvofievop. Kal TffP BeKdvrjp, fjp t^ 
^AttoXK^pv i^eZXop Kal t§ *E(f>€aria ^ApTifiiSi,, BUXafiop 
ol OTpavrf/ol to fiepo^ iKO^oTOf; (f>v\dTT€i,p T0t9 ^ot9' 
dpTl Bk Xeipca-o^ov Nitop 6 ^Aaipato^ ikafie. Hei/o- 5 
<l>&p oip TO fihf Tov ^ AttoKKjohpos dpdOrjfia iroi^adfjLepo^ 
dpaTlBrjaof eh top ip AeK^U t&p ^AOrfpaltop drja-avphp 


by Google 


Kol iTriypayfte to re avrov ovofia xal to Ilpo^ivov, 

6 09 (Tifv KXedpxip aireOave • f €i/09 7^/> rjv avrov. to Bi 
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iraph Meyafiv^^ tS t^9 ^AprifiiBo^ veayKoptp, ori av- 
T09 KivSwevaoDV iBoKei, iivai, kclI iiriaTeiXev, ^v fihf 
axrro^ acodfj, avTw diroSovvac el Si Tt, irdOoc, dvaOei- 
vai 'jTOvrjo'dfievov t§ ^ApTefitZv o, tl oXolto ')(ap(^la0av 

7 Tfi SeM. iirel S' i<f>€vyev 6 U€V0(l>&v, KaT0LK0vvT0<; tjStj 
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aOevTL irapa Trjv ^OXvfiiriav d(f)iKvelTai Meyd^v^o<; €t9 
^OXvfnrlav ^eoprjatov, teal diroBCBaxri tt^v irapaKaTOr 
0i]Krjv avT&, Uepo(l>&v Bk "Ka^cbv 'Xfoplov (ovelrai, t^ 

8 i&e^ OTTOV dvelXev 6 •&609. €TVJ(€ Bk But fiearov pecDV 
Tov x^pl^^ iroTUfio^; SeXcvov^s. xal iv ^E<f>€(r^ Bk irapct 
Tov T^9 *ApT€fiLSo<; veoDV SeXivov^; 7roTa/x.o9 Trapappet, 
KoX l)(Ove^ Be iv dfJufyoTipot,^ eveuri xal Koyx^i' iv B\ 
T& iv SfciXKovvTi, X^P^^ "^^^ S^jpai irdvTtov oiroaa 

9 itrrXv drypevofieva l^pia, eiroiricre Bk teal jScofiov teal 
vaov diro tov iepov dpyvpiov, koI to Xoittov Be del 
BexaTevcov Tcb iic tov dr/pov wpala ^vaiav iirolei Ty 
Seoj, Kol irdjrre^ ol iroXiTai koX oi irpoarxfopoi avBpe^ 
KoX yvvalKe<; fieTel^pv t^9 eopTrj^. irapelxe Bk f} Se6<: 
T0t9 (T/crjvovaiv SX^iTa, dpTov^, olvov, Tpar/^fuiTa, xai 
T&v SvofjL€va)v diro t^9 lepa^ vofirj<; Xa;^09, Kal t&v iSiy- 

10 pevofiivav Bi, koX yap ^pav eiroiovvro el^ Trpf eopTTjv 
0% T€ UevQ^&vTo^ 7ratSe9 Kal oi t&v aWa>v ttoXct&v, 
oi Bi fiovXofievoi xal avBpe<$ ^vve6i]pa)V teal fjkiaKeTO 
Td fikv e^ avTOv tov iepov %ci)/}ou, rd Bk Kal €K t^9 

U $0X0179, o've9 Kal BopKdBe^; Kal iXa(f>ot. eari Bk 7} x^P^ 
^ eK AaKeBalfiovos eh ^Okvfivrlav iropevovTai 0)9 etKoa-t 
aroBioi diro tov iv ^OXufiirla Al6<; iepov. evi B^ iv t^ 
i€p^ X^PV ^^^ oKo-rj Kal opr) BivBpcov fiea-Td, iKOvd Koi 
crC9 Kal atr^fa^i Kal fiov<: Tpi(f>ei,v Kal Xinrov^t &<TTe Kai 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. m. — TV. 129 

tA r&fp 669 r^v koprrifv livrwv inro^vyui €voy)(M6(u. 
ir€pl Bi avTov TOP vabv aXcro9 ^fiipatv SevSpcop ^^tAl3 
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/jLeyakip r^ iv ^E^a-^ etKoarah koI to ^oavov loixev 
©9 Kviraptmvov XP^^^ ^^^^ '^^ ^ *JS^o-^. koX <rrrjkri 13 
eoTffKe iraph rov vclov ypd/ifjuara iypva'a* lEPOS O 

*Ek KepaaovvTO^ Si xarct SaKarrav fih/ iKOfiC- i 
^ovTO oXirep teal irpoaffev, oi hi oXXot Korh yrjv iiro- 
pevovTo. iirel hk fjaav hrl rol^i MoaawoiKcav opioid, 2 
trefiirovaiv ek avrov^ Tt,fi/q<rl6€ov rov Tpwirefyvvriov 
irpo^evov ovra r&v Mq<towoU(dv, ipcDT&vre^, irorepov 
i»9 hih, (fxXia^ fi 109 ith iroXefiia^ iropeiaovrai, rrj^ yyy- 
pwi. oi Sk eiTTov, ore ov Sci^<toi€V' iTriarevov yhp to?9 
yfopiOL^. ivT€v0€v Xijei, 6 TifirialOeo^, on iroXifiiol 3 
elaiv avrot9 oi €k rov iireKeiva. koI iS6K€i KdKk<rav 
i/ceivov^, el fiovKoivro ^vfifiay(^lav Troi'^a-aaffod,' kcu 
irejjiA^Oet^ 6 Tifirja-lOeo^ TjKev Srfcov rob^ ap^ovra^. 
iirel Sk aifyiKovTO, ovvrj\6ov oX re r&v Moa-awoUoDP 4 
apyovre^ teal oi OTpaTtjyol r&v ^EXXi^vtov /cat ekeye 
fikv Uevo^&v, fipfiTjveve ik Tcfiffalffeo^* ^Sl avipe^ 5 
MotravvoiKOh fifiel^ ^ovXjdfieOa Sui(r<o0r]vai 7rpb<; r^v 
*EXKdBa TTcJg* irXota yhp ovk expfiev Ktokvovari, Sk 
oJnov rifia<;, 0&9 cuKovofiev v/ilv 7ro\€filov<; elvai. el oiv 
fiovXea-ffe, e^eariv vfivv *fifia^ Tuifieip ^vfifidxoi^ koI 
Ti^iuoprja-aaOai,, el tl irdyrrod* vfia<s oiroi rjSl/crjaav, xal 
TO \017rov vfi&v vTrrfKoov^ elvat, tovtov^, el hk fifias 7 
a^aerei orKk'^uaBe, iroBev aZOv^ hv roa-avrrfv Svvafiiv 
Xdfioire ^vfifiaxov. 7r/}09 ravra aireKplvaro 6 apx^v 8 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

130 zenophok's anabasis. 

T&v Moo-owoIkcov, OTi, Koi fiov\oivTo TavTa teal Se- 

9 'XpiVTO rijv ^viifMLxlav, "Ayere &;, eifnj 6 U€vo<l>&p^ 
ri '^fi&p hefjaecde xp^<ra<r^at, hv ^vfMfiaxot v/jl&v 76- 
vd/ieOa, Kol vfiei^ rl oloC re eaeaOe fifilv ^vfiirpa^fu 

10 irepl 1% BioSov ; oi he ehrov, OTt, UavoC ia^ieif eh rrjv 
Xoi>pav euT^dXXeiv ex tov iirl ^arepa r^v t&v vfuv re 
Kal fifuv iroXefiloDV, ical Sevpo vfiiv irifi^Jtcu vav^ re koI 
avBpa<;, oXrwe^ vpZv ^vfifMaxovvral re kcu rrjv oSop 

11 'JEttI TOVTOLfi irurrit Sovre? teal Xa^ovre^ arxovro, 
Kal TiKov T§ varepala arfovre^ rputKoaui TrXoJa fiopo- 
f t/Xa Kal iv eKdartp Tpet<; apSpa^, &p ol fiev Svo eK^dp- 

12t€9 €t9 TaJ^LP iOevTQ Tct OTrXa, 6 Sk eh efiepe. Kal oi 
fihf 'Kafiopre^; rh irXma direirKevaap, ol Se fiepopre^ 
i^erd^apTO c&Se. etrrria'ap dvd cKarop fidXiora olop 
Xopol dpTicTTOi^x^vPTef; oKKtiXoif;, exopre^ yippa irdpre^ 
\evK&p l3o&p Baaia, elKaafiiva klttov irerdXtp, ev Bk 
T§ Be^ca ttoKtop m e^diririyy, e/iirpoa-dep fikp l^yfx^p 

13 exop, iTTvarOep Bh avrov tov ^v\ov <T<l>aipoei,Be^. %^tci>- 
PUTKOvs Be epeBeBvKeaap wrep yovdrcop, Tra^o? C09 Xipov 
OTp(OfiaToBe(rfiov, eirl ry Ke^\§ Be Kpdvrj (TKVTipa ol- 
airep rd na<f>XayopiKd, Kpoa^vkop exopra xard fieaop, 
eyyvrara riapoeiBrj' elxop Be koX aar^dpei^ <ri,Bripa^. 

14 evrevdep e^px^ J^€P avr&p eh, ol Bk aWoi, irdpre^ 
eiropeiopTO aBopTe<: ep pvOfiS, Kal Ste\56i/T€9 Bid t&p 
rd^eaop Kal Bid t&p ottXcdp t&p ^EXKtivcdp eiropevoPTO 
ev0v<; 7r/)09 to^9 TroXefilov^ eirl x<^piop, o iBoKec hn- 

15 pAix&nraTOP eipai, coKecTo Bk tovto irpo t^9 7r6\€G)9 t^ 
fjbTjTpoTTokea)^ KaXovfiepT)^ avToh Kal €xov(T7is to aKpo- 
totop t&p MoaovpoLKoyp, Kal irepl tovtov 6 7r6\efio<; 
^p* ol ydp del tout' exoPTe^ eBoKovp iyKpaTch elpai 
Kal irdpTCDP Mo(T(tvpoLk<op, Kal e^aaap tovtov^; ov 
BiKaio)^ ex^iP tovto, dKKd kolpop op KaTcCKa^opTO^ 

l^iryAopeKrelp. eXiropTo S' axrroh Kal t&p 'EKh/qpcDV 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK V. CHAP. rv. 181 

nvi^, ov raxOevre^ inrh r&v oTparriy&v, aXKit apnror 
fyrj^ ivetcev. oi Sk iroXifuoi irpoai&VTtov r^a>9 iihf ^av- 
^afov eTTcl S' iyyiff; iyevovro rov xci>ploVy i§cBpa§i6vT€^ 
rphrovTcu airrov^, koI cnri/ereivap avj(vov^ t&v fiap- 
PdpG>v Kal r&v ^upavafidvrcDP 'EXX^vcov tw6^, koI 
iSloDKOv fi^xpt oi elBov tov9 "'EXXiyyo? fiorjOovpra^* 
elra he airorpairo^ievoL ^xpvro, koX airoreiiovre; t^17 
K€<l>cCKb,^ r&v v€Kp&v eireieUcwaav rol^ re '^EKXajac 
Kal Toi^ iaxjT&v iroKefiloi^, /eal afia i^ppevov vofup rivl 
qZovres;. oi Se "JSXXi/vc? fiaXa t^^Bovto, on tov9 T€ 18 
iroXefilov^ eirenronqKecav ^paavripov^ Kal on oi i^eXr 
66vre^ ^E\Xijv€<: avv avrov; i7r€(l>€vy€(rav fuSbKa ovre^ 
av)(yol^ h owrco irpoaOev iareiroLriKea'av iv t§ or par • 
Tela. Uevo(f>&v Sk ^xr^KcCKkaa^ rov^ '^EXXffva^ elirev, 19 
"AvSpes OTpaTi&Tcu, p/qZkv advfn^arjre iveKa r&v ye- 
yevTjfiivoDV' tare yhp 5n Kal ar^adov ov fieiov rov 
KaKQv yeyevTfrai,* irp&rov fih/ yhp iirioTaa'Oe, ori oi 20 
fiiXKovref; 7}pZv ^eicffod^ r^ 6vti TrdXi/iioi elaiv otawep 
Kal 7)fia^ dvarfKTi* hreira hk koX r&v ^EXKijvoDV oi 
a^povrunriGravre^ 7979 ^irv r}pZv ra^eta^ Kal ucavol /^yr)- 
crdfievoi elvai Iqvv T0Z9 ^ap^dpoi^ ravrcb irpdrrecv direp 
avv fifuv SIkt^v SeBwKO^iv &are aJiOi^ Tfrrov rrj^ rifie- 
ripa^ T^feca? diro'Kel'^ovrai,. dXX' vfia^ iel irapor 21 
a-K€vd^e<T0ai,, oircos Kal roi^ <^/Xot9 odai r&v fiapfidpcov 
Bo^ere Kpelrrov^ avr&v elvcu Kal ro'h iroXefiiocs BffXdlh 
crere, on ovx ofioioi^ dvhpdav fiaxovvrat vvv re Kal 
Sre roi<; drdKroi^ ifid^ovro. 

TavTffv fikv oJrv r^v fipApav ovrcn^ efieivav* t§ 8*22 
virrepala l^vaavre:, iirel eKaWiepi^a'avTo, dpiorriaav' 
Te9, 6p0lov<$ roif; Xo;^ou9 7roii](rdfievot, Kal roif<s pap- 
fidpov^ eirl ro evcowfiov Karct ravrh ra^dfievoi, eiro- 
pevovro tov9 ro^ora^ fiera^if r&v Xo^cav opOUov 6vr(av 
e)(pvTe<;, inroXecTrofiivov^: Sk fiiKpov rov trroiiaro^ r&v 
OTrKtr&v, fjcrav yhp r&v iroXefimv ot ei^oDVOi Karor 23 


by Google 

182 xenophon'b anabasis. 

rpi^ovre^ toZ? XlBoi^ efiaXKov. tovtox;^ oiv dvi(TT€X» 
\ov ol To^orav koI ol ireKrcurraL oi 8' oKKoi, jSdSrp; 
iiropevovTO irp&rov fihf iirX to xcopiov, a<f ov ry irpo- 
repaia oi ^dpfiapoi iTpi(l>0r]arav xal ol ^ifv avroh' 

2^ivTav9a yap ol iroJsjepnov fjaav avrvTera/yfievoc. tou9 
fjL€V oJfv irekraarrh^ iBi^avro ol ^dp^apoi, Kal ifior 
XovTO, iireiZi] he iyyi/^ ^aav ol OTrXtrai, erpdirovro. 
Kal ol fi€v ireKTaaraX €vdv<; ehrovro Bta>K0VT€<; avco 
'jrpof; Tr)v firjrpoiroXcv, ol Sk OTrXirai iv rd^et elirovro. 

25 eireX he avco ^aav 7rpb<; rak tt)? fJLrjTpo7r6\€(o<; olKiai<f, 
ivravda Bff ol iroXifivoi ofiov Sff irdvTe^ yevofievoL ifjud- 
j(pvTO Kal i^rjKovTC^ov roi^ 7ra\T0i<;, Kal dXKa Sopara 
ej(pvT€<; ira'xia fiaKpd, oaa dvrjp &v ^epoi, fi67u<;, tov- 

26TOt9 iireip&VTO dfivveaOai ck 'Xl^ipo^, iirel hk oir^ 
' vi^levTO ol '^EX\ffV€<;, a\V ofioare ij((!)povv, e^vyov oi 
pdp^apoi Kal ivrevOev airavre^ Xiirovre^ to ')((oplov. 
6 Sk y3ao-t\€V9 avr&v 6 ev t& fwaavvv t& iir aKpov 
^KoSofiijfiiv<p, hv rpi^ovari Travre? KOi^vy avrov fiivovra 
Kal ^vkdrrovaiv, ovk fiOeKev i^ekdeiv, ovSe ol iv tS 
irporepov aipeOant, XG)/>/$), dX)C avrov aifv toI<; fioa- 

27 avvoi^ KareKavdrja-av, ol Sk,''EX\r)V€^ Biapird^ovTe^ 
tA %ci)/}ta evpicKov l^aavpoif^ iv rak olKiai^ aprcov 
vevTjfiivcov irarpiov^, &^ e^aaav ol MoaavvovKoi, tov 
Bk veov (tItov ^iw rfj Ka\dfirj diroKelfievov ^aav Bk 

28 fetal al wKeiarai. Kal Behj^ivoav T€fidj(7) iv dfM^yo- 
peva-LV evplxTKero reraptyev/iiva Kal ariap iv rev^eo'c 
T&v BeX^lvoDv, ^ i'XP&VTO ol MoacrvvoiKoi KaOdirep oi 
''EWr]ve<; Tw eXMLtp' Kdpva Bk cttI t&v dvayyaioDv f[v 
TToKKii rb, ifXaria, ovk €')(pvTa Bui^vfjv ovBcfiiav. 

29 TovTip Kal ifKeloTtp alrtp i'xp&vro iy^ovT€<; Kal aprov^ 
07n&VT€<;. olvo^ Bk evpUrKero, 89 aKparo^ /ih/ ofv9 
ifpaivero elvai inrb rrj<: avaTffpSrrfTOf;, KepaaOeh Bk 
€V(S>Br)<i T€ Kal '^Bv^. 

30 01 fjbkv Btf ^EXKijve^ dpiaTi]0'avr€^ ivraSjOa hro- 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. rv. — Y. 188 

pe^fovTo ek t6 irpoaa), irapaSovre^ ri %o>/}ibi/ Tofe fu/*- 
aayr\aaai r&v MoaawolKtav. iiroaa he kclL SXKa 
iraprjecrav x^P^ ™^ f^ *^^*^ iroXefiloi^ Svrafv, ri 
einrpoaoScoraTa oi fikv eKevrrov, oi Sk eKovre^ irpoaex^ 
poxw, Tct Bk 7r\e2<rra roidBe ^v r&v 'Xf^ploDV. airelxov 31 
al irokei^ air oXXt^Xodv otoBui oySoiJKOVTa, at hi 
irXelov al ik fielov • avafio&)VT(ov Sk aWi^XoDi ^wiJKOvov 
€t9 T7JV €T€pap €K TiJ? iripo^ TToXeca? • 0VTCD9 v^Xrj re 
KoX KotXrj fi xi^pa Ijv. iTrel Bk iropevopbcvoL iv Tot9 <f>l' 32 
Xot9 Ija-av, eireBelicvvaav axnok iratBa^ r&v evBcufiovtov 
acT€VTOV<i, r€6pa/jLfi€vov<: Kapvoi^ €<f>0oi^, aTraXo^ xal 
X6VK0v<; a'(f>6Bpa koX ov iroXKov Biovra^ taov^ to firJKO^ 
Kol TO ttXAtos elvav, ttolkCKov^ Bk Tct v&Ta koI tA efi- 
irpoarOev iravTa icTiyfiivov^ avOifiui, i^rjTovv Bk ^al33 
Tak eTcUpaL^ ah rf^ov ol '^EWrjve^ ifx^avw ^vyyl- 
fyveaOai' vopbo^ y^p ^v oSro? o-cfyicri. "KevKol Bk irdirre^ 
oi avBpe^ xal at yuvaiKe^, tovtov^ eXeyov oi oTpa- 34 
T€V(rdfi€voi ^apfiapG}T(iTov^ BceXOeiv koX ifKeloTOV t&v 

'EWf}VLK&V VOfJLODV Ke)((DpUrpAvOV^, €V T€ yhp 6')(\(p 

SvT€9 iiroiovv airep cLv avBpcoiroi iv ip7)fila iroirjO'euiv, 
aXKxo^ Bk ovK &v ToX/iSev, fiovot t€ ovtc^ ofioia eirpaT- 
TOP airep av fi€T aXKoav 8vt€<;, BieT^AyovTO t€ iavToU 
fcal iyiXjODV e^* eavT&v teal iyp^ovvTo i^iaTdfievoi ottov 
Tv^otev &(Tir€p aXKoi^ iinBet/cvvfievoi. 

Alb, TavTff^ T?)? X^P^^ ®* ''EWrjV€<:, Bvd re rrj^ 5 
iroXefila^ xal rij? (fyiXlas, iiropevOrjcrap oktw oTaJBiwv^, 
KoX d(l>i/cvovvTai 6t9 XdKvfia^. otfToi oklrfot Ijaav teal 
xnrrjKOoi, t&v MoaawoUcov, Kal 6 )8/o9 ^v to?9 TrXet- 
<rT0t9 avT&v dirh art^ptia^* ivTCvdev cul>i/cvovvTai €& 
Ti/Saprjvov^, fi Bk t&v Tifiaprjv&v x^P^ irdkv Ijv 3 
ireBivcoTepa xal %6)/}/a elx^ ^ttI l^aKdTTjj Tjttov ipv- 
fivd, Kal oi OTpaTfiyol expV^^^ 7r/}09 Tct x^P^ Trpoa-- 
fidWeiv Kal Tr)v orTpaTictv 6vi]0r]vai Ti, Kal ri ^ivia, 
& ^Ke iraph Tv^aprjp&v, ovk iBixovTO, dXX' hnjieivai, 


by Google 

134 xsnophon's akabasis. 

3 KeKevacane^i iare fiovXevacuvro, iOvovro, . koI iroXkci 
KaraOvadvTCDV r^Ko^ a/ireSel^avro ol /ndprev^ irdvre^ 
yvd/j/rfv, ore oifiafiy irpoaioano ol l^eol top .iroKefUiv, 
hnevdev Stf ret l^hui iSi^amo, xal <»9 Bicb <l>CKia^ iro- 
pevofievoi, Svo rjiUpa^ d^Uomo eh Korvoypa, iroTuv 
'EWrjviSa, Si^vayirioiv diroUovs, ovra^ 8' & t§ Tc^apif- 
v&v X^P^' 

4 Me'xpi' ivravda eiril^eva-ev y arparvd. ifKr^dos rr^ 
Karafidxreco^ t^9 oBov diro tQ? iv BafivK&vc /w£;^9 
axpf' €69 KoTVCDpa otoO/jloI ktcarov elKoai, Svo, irapor 
adrf^aL e^axoa-ioi Kal etKoa-v, otoSlov fivptoi koI oktot 
KLfrxpuol, KOL i^aKoacoh xpoi/ou ttXtjOo^ d/cro) firjve^. 

5 ivravda €/j£Lvav rnjApa^ rerrapdKovTa irkvre, iv Sk 
ravrat^ irp&rov fiev to?9 .Jeot9 eOvaav, ical Trofiirii/i 
eirolfiaav Karcb edvo^ etca^oToc r&v ^EKKtjvodv kgX d/yA- 

6 va^ yvfiVLKOth* Tct £' iTmi^Seui iXd/xfiavov ret fiev ix 
T§9 IIa<f>7\arfovia9, ret S* ix r&v ypapiGiV r&v Korvapir- 
T&v ov yhp irapeixov d^opitv ovB^ 6*9 to Teix^^ Toi>^ 
dadevovvra*; iSi^pPTo. 

7 ^Ep tovt^ ipxpvrai ifc ^wdyrrri^ irpiajSec^, <l>ofioih 
[levoL irepl r&v KorimptT&P t§9 re 7roX€ft>9, ijv yctp 
ixelvoDV teal <j>6pov ii^elvoi,^ €<l>epov, Kal irepl t^9 xd>pa^, 
OTL 7JK0V0V hrjovfihrjv, Kal ehJOovre^ et9 to oTpaTo- 
irehov eker/ov* irporfySpec Se ^ExaTtowfio^ Secvo^ vofii- 

8 ^6fi€vo<: elvav "KiyeLV ^Eirefi'^^^ev rifia^, & avBp€<i arpa- 
Tt&rac, f) T&v StvoyirioDV 7ro\69 iira4,vi<rovTd<; re v/m^, 
OTL viK&Te ^EXXrjve^ ovt€<; ^ap^dpov^, hrevra he koX 
^vvrjadrja-o/Mivov^, otl Bc^ ttoXK&v re Kal Setv&v, d>^ 
rifiei^i aKovofJLev, irparfixdroiv aeaaDapAvot irdpeare. 

% d^covfiev Bk "EKKrjv€<; ome^ Kal axnol v<f> vfi&v 6vt<ov 
^EKKrivdiv drfaOov fiiv tv irdxrx^iv, KaKov Bk fxr^Bev 
oifBe yctp rifiel<; v/jbag oifBkv irdyrroTe inr^p^apsp xaKo^ 

10 TTOiovvTe^, KoTveopiTav Be oSrot elal fiev fifib-epot 
atroLKOi, Kal rr^v x^P^^ ^fJ^ei^ avToU Taimjv irapaJBeBoH 


by Google 

BOOK y. CHAP. y. 135 

KCLiiev l3apl3dpov9 o^^eKliiievoi,* Bio xal Saa-fiov rnjiiif 
^povaiv oirot rerarffjiAvov xal Kepaaoxnnioi icaX Tpor 
ire^ovPTioi axravTO)^' &<rre 8, rt &v tovtov^ Kcucbv 
iroir^arjre fi ^LVcyrrkoDV iroKi,^ vo/il^ev 7rd<r)(€vv, vuv S^ll 
oKovofiev vim<; eh re rtfv iroTuv j3la TrapeKrjKvOoraf: 
evlov^ a-fcrfvovv iv tcu<: oIkUu^ koI iic r&v 'XfopUov fiCa 
\afi^dv€Lv &v &v hkrjade ov ireiOovra^. ravr oJfV oifK 12 
a^vovfiev' el Be ravra iroLrja-ere, av6r/icq fifuv icdt Ko- 
pvKav KoX IIcuf>Xarf6vaf: xal aXKov ovrtva &v Buvdfieda 
<f>i\ov TTOLetaOaL, 

IT/)09 ravra ava/na<; *Si€Vo<f>&v virkp i&v OTpariah 13 
T&v ehrev, 'HfjLei<: Be, & avBpe^ ^ivcyrrel^, rjKOfiev arfor 
ir&vre^ oti ra fT&yLaTa BceacDadfieOa Kal ret ottXw 
ov f^oLp ^v BvvaTov cifia re ')(pi]fiaTa a/yeiv Kal <f>€peiv 
xal T0t9 irol^Efiioc^ fid'xeada^f. xal vvv eirel ek T^9l4 
'EXk7)vlBa<: irokeL*; fjXJdofiev, iv Tpanre^ovvrv flip, iror 
pel'xpv yctp fipHv arfopdv, d)Vov/Mevoi efxo/iei/ tA eTrtny- 
Beta, Kal dv0* &v irlfirjaav rijia^i Kal ^hia iBeoKav t0 
GTpari^a, dvrerLfi&fiev avT0V9, Kal et tl<; avroh ^/\o9 
ijv T&v fiapfidpav, TOVTfov direirj(piie.Oa • tov9 B\ iroKe- 
lilov<i avT&v, €^' 0^9 avTol fy^olvro, KaKW iirovovfiev 
oaov eBi/vdfieOa, epoDTaTe Be avroi)^ oiroUov tcv&v 15 
rifi&v €TV)(pv* irdpeiai, ydp evddZe 0^9 rjiuv fjyefiova^ 
Bi^ ^CKUlv ri 7r6\t9 ^vveirep/^ev, oiroL S' oLv e\^6in'€9l6 
drfopdv fit) expofiev, dv re eU fidp^apov yijv av re ek 
'EXXrjviBa, ovx vl3pec dXXd dvdr/KTj Xafi/Sdvo/iev rd 
eiriTriBeia. Kal KapBov^ov^ Kal Tacy^pv^ Kal Xa\- 17 
Balov9 Kahrep ^aaLKeco^ ov^ vtttjkoov^; 8vTa<; ofi(o<: Kal 
fidKa if>ofiepoif9 Svra^ irokepdov^ eKnjo'dfMeOa Bed to 
dvdrfKfqv elvat \afifidyetv rd iiriT'^Beca, eirel d/yopdv ov 
irapetxov. MdKp(ova<: Bk Kahrep fiapfidpov<; 8vTa<;, 18 
^Trel dr/opdv otav eBvvavro irapel^ov, ^t\ov<; re evofii- 
^ofiev elvav Kal fila ovBkv iXa/ifidvo/Mev t&v eKecvoDV, 
KoTVtoplTa<: Be, 0D9 vjJ^eTipov^ <f)aTh elvat,, eX tc ain&v 19 


by Google 

136 zenofhon's anabasis. 

etKi]<f)afL€v, avTol aUrtol elcrw ov yhp w^ ^Ckov irpotr* 
e<^povro riiilv, ciKKk KXelo-avre; rcb^ irvKa^ ovre eX<r^ 
iSixovTo ovre €^o) a/yopav eire/Mirov • ^ti&vto Sk top 

20 Trap' vfi&v apfioarijv tovtcdv oXti^ov elvcu. h Be Xeye^? 
j3ia irapekOovra^ aKTjvovv, fip,€l<; rj^iovfiev roi^ Kafivov- 
Ta9 eh tA? aTeya<; Si^aaOaL* iirel Sk ovk avk<^ov rim 
irvKa^y 7} rjim^ iSex^ro avrb to yfoplov, ravrrj eia-eX- 
06vT€<; oKKo fikv oifSev jSuuov i7roci]<ra/i€v, aKrjvova-v S* 
iv rah areyai^^ oi KdfJLVOVT€<; ret, iavT&v SaTrav&vre^, 
Koi Tct^ 7rvKa<; <f>povpovfi€V, 07ra>9 /J^ff iirl tS vpsrepqt 
dp/JLoarfj &aiv oi Kd/ivovre^ r}[xS)V, aSX i<f> ripZv § 

21 KOfiia-aaOat, orav j3ovKd>p^6a. oi 8k aXKoi, ©9 opare, 
aicqvoviiev inralOpvoi iv ry rd^et, irapeaKevaafihoi,, $v 
fiev T49 €3 TTOi^y dvT ei iroielv, av Sk KaK&<;, oKk^Or- 

22 aOaL, ct Bk ^etXrja-a^ ®9, rjv v/uv BoK^Kopvkav Kal 
IIa<f>kay6va<i ^vfifidxov^ Trov^aea-Oe i<f>^ '^fia<;, fifiek 
Be, fjv fih dvdr/K7) y, TToXefii^aofiep kol d/M^T€poc^* 
^Bt) ydp Kal a\Xot9 TToWairXaa-loc^ vfi&v eirdXefiif- 
a-a/j,€V &v Bk Bo/c^ '^/up, xal ^IXop iroLovpsda top 

23 IIa<f>K(vy6pa. oKovoficv Bk avrop xal iTrcdvfietp T979 
vfieripm 7r6\€ci>9 kol yxoplayp t&p eirLdcCKaTricop, irei- 
paaofieda oiv avinrpdrropre^i axn& &p iircOvfiet <l>lXo^ 

24 *Ek tovtov fidXa [ihf BrjKoL ija-ap oi ^vp/irpia-jSec^ 
T^ ^EKaTODVv/JLtp ya\'ejralpopT€<: Tot9 elpripAvoi,^, irapeX- 
0a>p S' avT&p a\Xo9 elirep, on ov irokep^p iroi^riaofiepo^ 
fjKovep, dWd i'TTiBel^opre^, Brt <f>t\oi ela-L koI ^epiot^, 
flP fih/ €\0r)T€ 7r/)09 T^P ScPCDireoDP ttoTup, ixei 8efo- 
fieda, pvp Bk T0U9 hfddZe KeKevtrofiev BtB6pai & Bvpap- 

25 T£U' 6p&fi€P ycbp irdpra dXffdf} opra, & TJyere. i/c 
TOVTOV ^iptd T€ hrepm-op oi KoTva>piTac Kal oi oTpa- 
TTjyol T&p ^EW'qpcop i^epi^op Toif^ t&p Si^poyirioyp wpi- 
a/Bev^, Kal irpb^ d\Xii\ov<: iroXKd re koX iwLTi^Beui 
Si€\^oPTO Ta T€ oKKa koX irepl t^9 \ot7r^9 Tropeia^ 
hrvpOdpopTO KoX &p ixdTepoc iBeopTO. 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. VI. 137 

TavTff fikp T^ VH^p^ TOVTO TO T^Xo9 iryhero. t§ 6 
Sk varepaia ^vvike^av oi oTparrjyol tov9 oTparuiyra^, 
Kol ihoKet avToc<; irepl tQ9 Xo^tt^? iropela^ irapaKoKA- 
aaina^ tou9 Xivtairka^ ^ovKeveadai. etre y^p ttcQ 
Seoc TTOpevea-Oai, j^pi^a-LfioL &v ihoKow elvai, oi Scvoh 
7r€i<; 'qyovfievoi' efiireipot yhp fjtrav t^9 Ila^Xar/ovlax;' 
eJre Kara ^aKanav, irpoahelv iBoxec ^Lvcoiritov* fiovot, 
yap av iBo/cow Uavol etvav irXola irapaayeLV apKovvra 
ry a-Tparta. /ca7UaavT€<: ovv tov9 irpiafieL^ ^wefiov- 2 
"KevovTO, KoX Tj^loijv '^EX\7jva<; oina^ ^EKkqai rovrqf 
irp&Tov ica\&<; Bi'Xiea'Oai r^ eivov^ re elvai koX rh 
fiiXrcoTa ^vfijSovXevecv, 

^AvaoTcu; hk ^ExaTcowfio^ irp&rov fihf aTrekoyrj' 3 
aara irepl ov elirev ©9 rov IIa<l>Xar/6va <f>Ckov ttolt^ 
aoLVTO, OTL ovx ®9 T0i9 "EWfjav TToXefirja-ovTODV a^&v 
eJirot, aW' otl i^ov Tot9 ^ap^dpoi^ ^/Xoi/9 elvai tov9 
''EXKTjva^: alprjo-ovraL. iirel Bk ^vfifiov7<£veiv ixiT^svov, 4 
ejr€v^dfi€vo<; &B€ ehrev. El fiev ^vfi^ovKevoLfiL h j3i\r 
Turrd [lOL BoKei elvai, iroXKa fioL KorfaOk yivovro* el 
Bk ^Tj, rdvavria. avrt) yctp ^ iepcb ^vfijSovXij Xeyofiivi] 
elvac BoKct fiov irapetvat • vvv yap Brj, civ fiev €v ^vfi- 
fiov\€v<ra<; <f>av&, iroWol eaeaOe oi iiraivovvri^ fie, &v 
Be KaKW, TToXKol ea-eaOe oi Karapwfievoi. irpdr/fiaTa D 
fiev oiv olB* OTL TToXv ifKeioa e^ofiev, eav Karct J^dTixtT- 
rav KOfil^rjaOe* '^fia<: yap Beijaec ret TrXola iropl^ecv 
fjv Be Karib yfjv aTeXKrja-Oe, vfm^ Bei^aei tov<; yttap^o- 
li€vov<: elvac, ofixo^ Bk Xexria h yiyvoxrKto' efiTrecpo^ 6 
ydp el/JLt Kal 7^9 xc&pa9 t&v Ila^Xa^ovayv Kal t^9 
Bvvd/jbe(09. e%ei ycip dfi<f>6T€pa, Kal ireBia KaXKiara 
Kal 6pr} ir^XoTara. Kal irp&rov fikv olSa evdiffs jj rrjv 7 
eurfioXrfv dvd^KTj TroieladaL* oi yibp etniv aXXy fj ^ 
TO, Keparot tov 6pov<: t?}9 oBov Kod^ eKorepd earcv v^- 
Xdy h Kparelv Karixovre*; Kal irdvv oXlrfoi Bvvaivr av* 
TovT(ov Bk Karexofievoyv oiS' &v oi irdvre^ avOpoyrroi 


by Google 

138 xenofhon's anabasis. 

SvvatVT &v BtekOetv, ravra Bk koI Sel^ai/Mc av, el fioi 
8 TLva povKoia-de l^vfiiriii'^aL. eirecTa Bk olBa koI ireBUt 
Svra Kal imreiav, fjv avTol oi jSdplSapot vo/il^ova-i 
KpeiTT(o elvai, dirda-rj^ t^9 fiaacXiayf; linrela<;. Kal vw 
QxrroL ov Trapejh/ovro fiaaCKel /caXovvrc, aXXd fiet^op 
? ffypovei 6 apx^v avr&v. el Be /cat Bw7}delTe rd re opy 
Kkh^ai, fj <f)dd<rai \afi6vT€<; koI iv t^ ireBltp Kpaiijacu 
fiaxop^voc T0V9 T€ imreh tovtcdv koX ire^&v fivpidBa^ 
Trkeiov rj BcoBexa, rj^ere eirl tov9 irorafwvf;, irpSnov 
fihf Tov &€pfia)BovTa, eipo<; rpL&v TfXAdpayv, op %aX€- 
TTov otfiat Butfiaiveiv aWa)9 re teal iroKefiUov iroXK&v 
liev e/iTTpoaOev ovrtov, iroKK&v Bh oTrcaOev eirofikvtov* 
Bevrepov S' ^Iptv, TphfKedpov axravrcD^* rplrov S' 
'^AkWy ov fieiov Bvolv o-toBloiv, ov ovk civ Bvvcua-Oe 
avev ifKoltov Butfirjvav' Trkoia Bk rk earat 6 7rapiy(a>v ; 
©9 S' auTa)9 Kol 6 HapdkvLo^ d^aro^' i<f)* ov eXOocre 

10 dv, el TOV ^AKw Biafialrjre. eryo) fihf oiv ov 'XfCKeirriv 
v[uv elvac vo/il^o) rfjv iropeiav, dWd iravrdiraaiv dBv- 
varov. &v Bk irXArjTe, eariv ivOivBe fikv ek ^vwiyirriv 
irapaTfKevaaii eic ScvcoTn)*; Bk eh ^HpdxXecav ef ^Hpa- 
KKela<i Bk ovre ire^ ovre Kard SdXarrav diropla • ttoX- 
\d ydp Kal ifKold iariv iv ^Hpaickeia. 

11 ^Eirel Bk ravra eXe^ev, oi iihf virayirrevov t^CKla^ 
€V€Ka T^9 Kopvka Xiyecv* koI ydp fjv wpo^evo^ avr&* 
oi Bk Kal ©9 B&pa Xrp^oiievov Bed rrjv ^p^fiovXTjv rav- 
rr)V' oi Be inrayirrevov Kal rovrQv evexa Xeyetx/, co9 /jl^ 
ire^ lovre^ r^v Stvayn'ioyv rv x^P^^ KaKov ipyd^otvro, 
oi S' oiv '^EXkrjve^ h^<f>laavro Kard ^dKarrav rijv tto- 

12 pelav iroceio-dac. [lerd ravra Uevo^&v ehrevy ^il Scvay- 
7ret9, oi fiev dvBpe^ ^ptfvrai, iropelav fjv v/i€l<; l^vfi^ov- 
Xevere' ovrto Be e^et* el /juev ifKola Saea-Oai fiiXKei 
ixavd dpi^Ofi^ co9 eva fif) KardXeiireada^, ivddBe, ^/JLeis 
Bk irkeoifiev dv el Be fieXKoifiev oi fiev KaraXeiy^aOa^, 
oi Bk irXevaeaOaL, ovk &v ep,fiair)/i€V eh rd 7rXo!d. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK V. OHAP. VI. 189 

rfirfvwaKoiiev ydp, ori, Bttov fih &v fcpar&fiep, SiwalrlZ 
fieO* Bv KoX o-fo^ea-Om koX rh i^nn^Beui ^ew el Bi 
irov ^TT0V9 T&v iroKefiioDV \rj<l>0rja'6/JL€0a, eSSffKov S^ 
ore ip avSpaTToBoDV X^P9 iao/ieda. oKOvaavre^ ravra 14 
oi irpka^ei^i ixiKevov iri/Mireiv irpio-ficL^. xal iripr 
TTovac KaXKl/JLaxov ^ApxdSa xal ^ApiaroDva ^AOrfvcuov 
Kal SafioKav ^Axaiov. icaX oi phf &xpvto. 

*JEl/ hk TOVTip T^ XP^^^ S€VO<l)&VTt, Op&VTi, flkp 15 

oirXlra^ TroXXoi^ r&v ^EKKtjvwv, op&tm Bk xal ireX- 
reunite iroTCKois teal ro^ra^ Kal a<l)€vBovifra9 koX lir- 
ireU Bk Kol jiaKa ijBrj Bicb rrjv rpL^^v Ixavois, Svras; S* 
iv T^ IIovTip, hfda ovK &v am oKlrfCDV xPVf^'^^^ 
roa-avTTj Bvvafii^ irapea-Kevda-Orj, koKov avrS iBoKCC 
€wcu Kal x^P^^ ^^^ Bvva/Mcv tQ 'EXKdBc irpocKTrjaar 
aOai iroTuv KaTOiKurainas;. Kal yeveadav &v axn^ 16 
iBoKCC fjLeydXrj, KaraXoyL^ofiev^ to t€ avr&v wXrjdo^ 
Kal Toif^ irepcotKovvra^ top Ilotnov, Kal iirl tovtoi^ 
iOvero irpLv tivl ehrelv rmv aTparuar&v XCKavov 
irapaKcCKkaa^, top Kvpov [idimv yevo/ievov, rov *Af4r 
fipaKi^TTjv. 6 B^ Si\avb^ BeBuo^;, /jl}) yhnjrai ravra 17 
Kal KarafielvTf irov fi orpaTcd, iK<f>ip€L ek to arpd- 
revfia \6yov, ore Sevo^&v fiovkerat Karafielvai rifv 
OTparihv Kal itoXlv oiKccai Kal iavr^ ovofia Kal Bvvor 
fiiv TrepiTToii^aa^da^, avT09 S' 6 Sc\avb<i i^ovKero IS 
OT& rdxi'OTa eh tt^v ^ETsXdBa d<f)CKia0av ot>^ yitp irapd, 
Kvpov iKape rpurx^Xiov^ BapeiKOvs, St€ t^ BiKa fipA- 
pa^ rjKriOeuae Sv6fi€V09 Kvp<p, BieaeadKCC. t&v Bil9 
OTparuoT&v, CTrel iJKOvaav, T0t9 fih/ iBoKec fieKTcarov 
elvac Kara/ietvat, Tot9 Bi iroXKoU oii. Tifma-itov Bk 6 
AapBavexfs Kal Qa>pa^ 6 Bouarco^ 7r/>09 ifi7r6pov<: rwii^ 
irapovra^i r&v ^SLpaicKeciT&v Kal ^ivayrretov Xhyovaiv, 
on, el fiff exiropiovai, Ty orpaTca fiiaOov &<rre ^€iv 
Tcb ejnTr^BeuL iKirXioin-a^, otl KLvBwevaei iielvai to- 
travrri Bvpafic^ iv r^ Uovrtp* ^ovXeverac yhp S€vo<f>Sv 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

140 xenophon's anabasis. 

KoX fiim^ irapOKdK&y iweiSctv eXOy rh wXota, rSre el- 

20 TTctv i^ai(l>v7)9 t§ arpart^, ^AvBpe^, vvv /ih/ op&fiev 
riim^ airopov^i Svra^ xal iv T(p airoirlsxp e^iv rcb hn,- 
Ti]Se(M Kol ©9 otxaBe aireXOotna^ ovrjaalri roif^ otieoi,* 
€t hk jSovkeaOe t^9 KVKXxp x^P^ ^^P^ '^^^ Hovrov 
olfcovfiiv7j<; ixXe^d/Jbevoc 07rp &v fiov\f)a0€ Karcurxeiv, 
Koi Tov fihf idiKovra airievat oi/cctSe, rov dk idiKovra 
fjbiveip aifTov, ifKola B^ vfiiv irdpeoTCV, &<rre oirp av 

21 ^ovKffaOe e^al^V7)<i &v eiriirioviTe, axovaavre^ ravra 
01 ifiTTopot, a/irr^eKSjov Tai<i iroKeai,* ^winrefi'^^ S' 
auTot9 TcfuuTioDv 6 AapZavev<; Eipv^axpy re rov Aap- 
Bavia Kov Qwpa/ca rov Bouart^ov tA avrit ravra ipovv- 
Ta9. StvoDTreif; dk fcal ^EipaKKe&raL ravra aKOvaavr&i 
Trifiirova-L 7r/)09 rov TifiaaUova kclI KeKevovav irpoarar 
revaac \a/36vra ^P^H^'^^y oirta^ i/CTrXevarj rj arparccL 

22 i Bi aa-fJL€Vo<; a/eovaa<: iv ^vXKoy^ r&v arparuor&v 
SvroDV \^€t roBe. Ov Bel irpoa-ix^cv P'Ovy, & avBpe;, 
ovBk T^9 *EXKd£o9 oifBkv irepl 7r\eiovo<; irot^ZaOat. 
cLKOvto Be rcva^ ^veadai, iirl rovnp ovB* vfilv Tiiyovra^. 

23 vTri^axyovfj^u Bk vfuv, av eicifKhfre, diro vovfj/rfvia<; 
fiia-0o<f)opdv irapi^eiv Kv^i/crjvbv exdanp rov fjurjvo^* 
Kal a^(o vfia<; eh rijv TpipdBa, evOev Kai ei/jbt <l>tr/d^, 
/cal inrdp^ec vfilv y i/iri 7r6X^9' e/covre^ ydp fie Be^ov- 

2irat. fpyrjaofiaL Bk avro^ iycb evOev iroTCKct xprffiara 
Xr^ea-de. efiireipo^ Be etfii t^9 Alo\lBo<: Kal t^9 fpv- 
yCa,^ Kal rrj<; TpqfdBo<; Kal rrj<; ^apvafid^ov dpxfi^ 'rrdr 
ai]9, rd fiev Bid ro CKeWev elva^,, rd Bk Bid rb ^we- 
arparevcrdai iv avry avv KXedpx^ re Kal AepKvXlBa* 

25 dvaard^ ad0i9 Qa>pa^ 6 Boidnio*;, 09 del irepl arpa* 
rrfyla^ *8i€vo<f>&vri ifidx^ro, etfyrj, el i^i\0oiev €k rov 
nSvrov, iaeaOai ayroU Xeppovrfaov, x^P^^ KaXfjv Koi 
evBalfiova, &<rre r& fiov'Kofiivq} evoiKeiv, r^ Bk fii) fiov- 
Xxifiiv^ diriivac olxoBe. yeXotov Bk elva^ ev ry 'EXkdS^ 
ov<ny9 xc»/>a9 7roXX^9 Kal d^Oovov iv ry ^apfidpc^v 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. VI. 141 

fuurreveiv. eare S' av, ^(fyrf, ixet yiprfo-de, /car/d, /ca-26 
Odirep TtfjLoa-lcov, xnrKrxyovpui vfiiy ttjv fiur0o<f)opdv, 
ravra Sk eXeyev €iSa)<; & Tifuurlavc ol ^HpaickeSyrai icaX 
oi Scvay7r€i<: inrva^ovvro &(rre iicrrkeiv. 6 Bk Sevo-27 
ifmv iv Tovrtp ia-iya. avaarit^ Sk ^ikqaco^ koI Aviaav 
ol ^Aycuol €\eyov &<; Becvov etrj IBia fiev Wievo^&vra 
irelBevv re Kara/Jbivetv koI ^veadai inrkp rfj^ fJMV7J<; firf 
KOLvovfiOfov Tp arparia, €t9 Bk to koivov p/qBku arfo- 
peveLv irepl tovtcjv, ware rivarfic&adr) 6 U€Vo<f>&v dva- 
CTTTJvcu Kal . ehrelv rdBe, ^Eyd, & avBp€<;, Svofuu flip, 28 
€09 opare, oiroaa Bvva/juii Kal inrep vfx&v koI inrkp 
ipuvTov, Sttco*; ravra rvyxdvo) koI TJymv xaX vo&v Kal 
irpdrrcov, oirota fiiXKei vfuv t€ KdXKurra Kal apurra 
eaecrdai Kal ifioL Kal vvv iOvofirjv irepl avrov rovrov, 
el dfieivov eXr} ap'^eadaL Xiyeiv eh v/jLa<; Kal irpdrreiv 
irepl TovTfov fj iravrdira^i, p/rjBk aineadai, rov 7rpdr//juxr 
T09. Sc\avo<i Bi pbov 6 pAvTi<i direKplvaro, to fJLh29 
fjLer/LOTOV, Tct Upa koXA elvat* '^Bei yitp Kal ifik ovk 
direipov ovra Bict to del irapelvai, toZ^ lepot<;' eXe^e Bi, 
OTC iv Tot<; lepoi<; (fniivocTo Tt<; B6\o^ xal eTn^ovKri ifioi, 
(09 dpa yiyvaxTKODV, otl avTb<; inre^ovkeve BuifidWetv 
fie 7r/>09 vfia9' i^veyKe yap top \oyov, ©9 iyo) irpdT- 
reip TavTa Bcavoolfjurjp tjBtj ov ireiaa^; vfia<;, iyoD Sk el 30 
flip e<i>p(OP diropovpra*; vfid<:, tovt &p iaKoirovp, d<f)^ 
oi ap yepobTO &aT€ \afi6pTa9 vfia<; itoKlv top fiep /Bov- 
Xofiepop diroifKelp tjBt], top Bk firj ^ovKofiepop, iirel 
jcn^aatTO iKapd wcrre koI tov9 eauTov olxelov^ ©^X^ 
<rai Ti. iirel Bi 6p& vfilp koX ri ir\o2a irifiTTOPTa^ 3\ 
*HpaK\ea>Ta<; Kal ^vpcyireh &<JTe e/CTrXetx/, Kal fitadbp 
inna'')(yovfiipov<: vfup apBpa<; dirb povfirjvla^, kclKop fwv 
SoKcZ elvat a-(o^ofiipotJ<; evOa fiovkofieOa fiiaOop t?}9 o-ca- 
T7fpia<; \afifidpecp, Kal aino^ re iravo/iac iKeCpri<; tQ9 
8uipo[a<;, Kal oiroaoc irpo^ ifii irpoc'pea-ap "keyopTe^, W 
XPV ravra irpdrreLP, iravea-Oal (fyrffic 'xprjpai. ovt<o yctp 32 


by Google 

142 xenofhon'b a^abasib. 

yvyvaxr/ca) * ofiov iihf 6vt€^ 'irdXXol, &<pir€p vwl, SoKctre 
av fioc Koi hnt,[ioL elvai zeal ex^cv tA iTrnriheui* iv 
ryctp T^ Kparelv i<m xal rb Xa/ifidveiv rh r&v iJtto- 
vcDV B(,a<nraa-divT€<; S' &v xal icarct /iiKpcb yepofjbhnj^ 
•7% SwdfJL€a>^ oUt &v Tpo<l>ijv SvpaurOe Tiu/M^dvecv ovre 

33 yjOLipovre*; &v airaKXa^atTe. So/cei oiv fiov airep vfjuv, 
iKTropeveaOai €& rfjv 'EWdSa, xal idv ri^ fielvjj fl 
diroTuiroiV \7i<f>dy irplv iv aa^xiKei elvoi irav to <rrpar 
revfia, Kplveadai, ainov co9 aBc/eovvra. xai onp Soicei, 
S(fyrf, ToOra, apdrcD rijv x^lpa, dviretvav aTrcarre^. 

34 o Sh SC\4ivo<; ifioa, koL eTre^e/pet Xb^eiv, (09 Buccuov 
eXf} dirUvai, top I3ov\6/jl€vov. oi hk arpari&Tat ovk 
TJvelxovTo, aXX riirelXoxw avrA, Stl, el Xrjf^^vrcu airo' 

35 hiZpda-Kovra, r^v SUrjv hndr^aoifev, ivrevOev cttcI 
eyvaxrav oi 'HpaKKe&rat, Src eicrrXjeiv SeSoyiMo/ov ehf 
KoX U€vo<j>&v avTO<; hre^<f>t,KO)<i etrj, ret /ih/ irXola 
iriixirovaif ret, S^ ;^/LuiTa h v7ri<r)(pvro Tcfiaa-Uovc 

26Kal Scipa/ci h^evapAvoi, fjaav tQ? fiUT6o<l>opa^. iv- 
ravOa Sk iKTrerrXTjyfjbivoc Jjaav Kol iSeSieaav rijv arpar 
Tthv oi TTjv /jLi^Oo^pctv vTreoxTjfiivot, wapaXa/56vT€^ 
oiv oinoi, KoX TOv<: aWov<; arpanf/oif^ oU dv€K€Kolr 
voDVTo h irpotrdev eTrparrov, irdvre^i S' fiaav ifKriv 
Nia)vo<; rod ^Ao-ivalov, 89 Xei^puroifxp vTrearpan^yei, 
XeupUroi^^ hi. outto) iraprjv, Ip^ovrat irpo^ U€vo(f>&VTa, 
Kal Tijiyovcrcv Src fierafiiXoc avToi<;, koX Bo/coirj Kpd- 
TvaTOv etvat, irXecv et9 ^ao'iv, JttcI irKota eari, teai 

37 Koracxciv t^v ^aatav&v j(!^pav. AlrjTOV Be viBov^ 
irvyxctve ^aaCkevcav ain&v. Bepo^v Bk direKplr 
voTOy oTt ovSkv &v TOVTCDV eXiToi cfc ri}V arparidv 
v/t€t9 Bk ^vWi^avT€<;, €<fyrj, el ^ovXeade, X^€T€. ip- 
ravOa diroBeiicvvTai TifiaaloDV 6 AapBavex>s yvoi/jLrjv 
ov/c iKKXTjacd^et^v, aXXA rotr? avrov eKaarov Xoxoyoi^ 
irp&rov ireipaaBai irelOeiv. KciX dm-ekdovre^ ravr 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 

BOOK V. CHAP. vn. 143 

Tavra oiv oi oTparc&Tcu aveirvOavro wparrofiej/a. 7 
Kol 6 NicDV XiyeL, (09 Bevoif^&v dvaireTrei^/cay; roif^ aX- 
\ov9 aTpaT7iyoif<; Buivoetrat a/yetv tov<: aTpari^ra^ 
i^airanfiaa^ ttolKlv ek ^aatv, oKovaavre^ S' oi or par 2 
Tt&rac ;^aX€7ra>9 e^epov, /cal ^vWoyov iytyvomo /cal 
kvkKoi ^vvloTavTO, teal /id\a <fK)pepol ijaav, firi iroi/rj- 
aeuiv, 61a koX TOV<i r&v KoK'xcov KrjpvKa^ hrotqaav 
Kal Toi><; a/yopavofiovg^ oaov yhp /iff ek rffv J^dTiarrav 
KaTi<f>vyov KareKevadTiaav, iirel Zk 'paOdvero Hei/o- 3 
<f>&v, eSo^ev avT& ©9 Ttf^^ora ^wcuycuyecv avr&v d/yo- 
pdp, Kot fir) icUrat ^vKKeyrjvai avrofidrov^' koI i/ei- 
Xevae top KrfpvKa ^Wiyecv d/yopdv, oi 8' eTrel rod 4 
KTipvKOf; ij/covaav, ^vvihpafiov koI fioKa krolfua^* iif- 
ravda Uepotfy&v r&v fiev orpaTrff&v ov KaTTf^opev, ort 
fjKJdov irpo^; avrov, X&yei Sk w&. 

^Akovcd TLvd Sta/SdWet^v, & avipe^, ifxe C09 eyo) dpa 5 
i^airaTTjaa^ vfid^ fiiTCKco a/yeiv eh ^aatv. aKovaare 
oiv fiov 7r/)09 ^e&v, Kal idv fikp iyw ^aivtofiat, dBtx&v, 
ov 'XpTj fie ivOivSe direKJdelv irplv av SS ibcqv &v S' 
vfilv (f)dlvo)VTat dBtKpvvT€<: oi ifik BvajSdXKovre^, ovt<d<: 
avrot^ 'XprfO'Oe &(m'€p o^lov, v/ieh S\ etfyrf, tare Sif- 6 
TTOV, o0€v fjXio*; dvia"X€t' fcal oirov Bverai, Kal on, idv 
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hel iropeveadaL* fjv Si t*9 ^ovKriTai ek Toif<; jSapfidr 
pov^i Tov/i7ra\iv 7r/oo9 eiw. eoTiv oZv o<m<; tovto &v 
BvvatTO vfia<: i^aTraTrja-ai, ©9 rj\io<; evdev fihf dv{a")(€t, 
Sverai Sk itnavda, evOa Sk Bverac, dvia^ei 8' ivrevOev ; 
oKKib pLTjv Kal TOVTO ye iTrlara^Oe, otl l3opia<: fiev e^co 
Tov HovTov 6i9 Ti}V ^EKKoZa <f>ip€t, v6to<; Se eto-co €t9 
^aatv, Kal Xiyere, otov /Boppa^ 'rrvirj, d>q koKoI ttXoZ 
€uri,v et9 T^v ^EWdSa. tovto ovv eariv 07ra>9 ta9 &v 
vjLLa^ e^airaTTjaaL, &<TTe ifi^alveiv, oiroTav voto^ Trviy ; 
dXKd ydp oiroTav ya\i]V7] ^ i/ifiifi&, ovkovv eyo) fikv 8 
iv kvl ifKoUp ifKevtrofiai, vfiel^ Zk T0vkd')(L(TT0V iv 


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€KaT6v> 7rai9 &p oiv irfia rj fiuuraififjv vfia^ ^vp ifjuA 

vfia^ i^a7raTr)0etna<; koI Kararforp-evdivra^ inr ifiov 
ijKei^p 669 ^acLV KoX Brf xal airofialvo/JLep eh rffv ')(&- 
pav* yvdureaOe Sijttov, ore ovk iv t§ ^EKKoZi, eori* 
Kal iyo) fiev eaofuu 6 i^iraTr)/ca><: eh, vfieh Sk ol i^ 
irarriiJLevoi, eyyif*; fivpuav ^ome^ owXa, ttw &v oip 
eU avrip puWov Bolrj Slfcrfv ^ ovtcd irepl avrov re koX 

10 v/jL&v fiov\ev6fi€vo<: ; aW* ovrol elctv ol Xoyoc dvSp&v 
Kal riTudloDV Ka/Jbol ^ovovvtodv, ort^ eya> v<l>* vfjL&v ti,/jl&- 
fuu, kcUtov ov hvicaUo^ 7' av pML ^Oovoiep' rlva yhp 
avT&v eyo) /cayXva) fj Xiyecv el rk tc ar/a6ov Svvarcu 
ev vfiiv, fj pA'xe(^0(ii el tl^ i0i\ec imep v/i&v re koX 
eaxrrov, ^ iypr^yopivac irepl rr^ vfieripa^ aa^xiKjeUt^ 
€7n,fie\6p£Vov ; ri yap ; ap^ovra^ aipovfiipoDv vfi&v 
€yd> Ti/vi, ifi'TToSdv eifit ; iraplrifii, ap)(€Ta) * /jlovov ar/a- 

11 06v TL iromv v/jLa<$ (JHUveado), aXKh yhp i/Mol fikv 
aptcet irepl tovto)v rcb elpf}p.iva* ei Bi rc^ v/i&v fj airbus 
e^airaTqdrjvat civ olercu ravra ^ aXKov i^aTraTrjaa^ 

12 ravra, 7iiyo)v hiZa^Kerco. orav Be rovra>v aki^ €xvt€, 
pjq aireXdrjre, irpXv hv oKOva^re, olov 6p& ev ry arpa- 
n^ dp'Xp/Mevov wpayfia* h ei hre^n Kal earav olov 
viroBel/cwa-iv, &pa rjfilv /SovT^veadat inrkp rjfi&v airr&v 
liri KOKvaroi re Kal ala^XLtrroi, avBpe^ d'7ro<l)aiva>fi€0a 
KoX irpo^ ^e&v Kal irpo^ dvdpmrcDV Kal ^CXjcov Kal 

13 iroXefJiioDV, koI Kara^povTjO&iiev, aKovaavre<; Be ravra 
ol arparL&rat iOavfiaadv re, 0, rv elrj, koX Xeyevv, eKi- 
Xevov. €K rovrov apx^rav irdXcv, ^EirUrraade irov, 
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fiiilv Kal oKKa &v elxpv, BoKovai Be fioc Kal vfi&v rvve^ 
€t9 TO eyyvrdro) x^piov rovrcDV €\66vre^ d/yopda-avri^ 

14 Tt irdXiv direXBelv. rovro KarafuiBojv EXedpero^ 6 
Xo)(arfo<: ori xal fiixpov elrj Kal o^vKoktov Bvh rh 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. vn. 145 

(f>i\iov vofil^ecv elvac, epx^^^ ^'^^ avroi^ t^9 vvkto^ 
©9 iropOrio'ODVy ovBevl rifiSyv ehrwv, ScevevorjTo Be, el 15 
kd^ot ToSe TO 'XP^pLov, eU fiev to arpdrevfia firjKeTi 
iXOeiv, ifi^^<;. Be 6/9 irXoiov, ev a> iTvy')(avov oi ^vo-ktj' 
vol avTov TrapaifSAovTe<;, koX iv6€fi€vo<; el tl \dj3oi, 
aTTOTrXeayv ot'xeo'Oav e^o) rov Ilovrovt koI ravra ^vvay- * 
fio'\joyr)<rav avr& ol ex tov ttXoIov arvaicqvoi,, 0)9 €70) 
vvv alcddvofjuu. irapaicdXea'a^ ovv oiroa-oin eirecOevlCy 
ijyev €7rl ro X'^plov. iropevofievov S' avrov <f>0dvec 
TjlJiApa yevofiipf}, fcal.^voTdirre^ ol dvOpayiroi dirb Icr^xy- 
p&v TOTTiov l3dXKovT€^ Kol TTalovTe^ rov T€ KXedperov 
diroKTeCvoviTi, Kal t&v a\Xa>v av^ov^;, ol Be rtve^ koX 
eh Kepaaovvra avr&v diro^copovaL. ravra B^ ^v ev 17 
Ty VM^P*}> V VH^h Bevpo i^aypfi&fMev we^y* r&v Bk 
ifhjeovTtDV ert rive^ fjcrav ev KepaaovvTL, ovTro) di^rjyfie- 
vol. fierct TOVTO, (»9 ol Kepaaovvriot Xeyovaiv, d(f>V'- 
KVOvvTOi r&v ix rov 'Xfoplov rpeh avBpe<; r&v yepaire- 
p(ov 7rpo9 TO KOivbv ro r^JLerepov Xpi7?oin-€9 eXdeiv. 
iirel B* Tffia^ oi KareKa^ov, irpo^ rov<; Kepaa-owriov^; IS 
eK^ov, ore l^avfid^ocev, rl fnuv Bo^ecev iXdelv eir av- 
T0V9. eirel /levroi cfpeh X&yetv, e<f>a<Tav, on ov/c diro 
Koivov ^evotro rb irpSr/fia, 7]Be<T0ai re airroiff; koX fieXr 
"Keiv ivBoBe ifkelv, ©9 rjiuv Xe^ai ra yevofieva teal tov9 
veKpoxf<i /ceXeveiv avroif<; ^dirreiv \afi6vra<: rov(; rovrov 
Seofievov^, r&v S' diro<f>v^6vro)v rcve<; 'EWi^voov erv- 19 
Xov h-v ovr€<: ev Kepaaovvrv' alaOofievoL Be rov^ ^ap- 
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aTroOvrja-Kovai, rpeh ovre<; ol irpea-^ei^ KaraXevaOevre^;, 
iirel Be rovro er/evero, epypvrav nrpb^ ^7/^9 ol Kepa- 20 
trovvrcoc kol Xhyova-t rb trparipxn* Kal rifieh ol arpa- 
TTffol aKovaavre^ i^Oo/ieOd re T049 yeyevrj/ievoi^ Kal 
ifiovXewfieOa ^vv roh Kepaaowrloi<;, oiro)^ &v To^ewy- 
irav ol r&v ^EXXi]va)v veKpoL ovyKod^fievoc S' €^(o9ev2\ 


by Google 

146 zenofhon's anabasis. 

T&v ottKoov i^at^vrj^ cucovofiev Sopvfiov iroXKov, IlaSet 
iraZe, jSaXKe, fidTsXe, /(ol rd'Xfi Bff op&fiev ttoXXou? 
irpoadeomm TJdov^ J^oma^ iv Tai<; x^P^^> '^^^^ ^^ ^^^ 

22 avcupovfiivov^^ koI oi fikp Kepaa-ovvri^c, co9 &v /caX 
icjpaKore^ to trap iairrot^ irpayfia, BeCcavre^ diroytiy- 
pov<rc TTpb^ rh irXoia. fjcav hk vii Ala /cal f}ix&v 6i 

23 eheurav. iyd ye /ir)v fp^Jdov irpo^ avrov^ /cal TJpdyroyv, 
o,TC iarl to irpS^fia, t&v Bk fjaav fihi ot ovSep 'pSecav, 
ofJM)^ Sk \l6ov<; eixpv iv toZ^ j(€p(Tiv. iirel Be elSoTC ti,vI 
ejriTVXOP, 'KSyet, fioL, otv oi arfopavofioi BeLvoTara iroir- 

24 ovav TO OTpdTev/ia, iv T0VT(p ti^ opa rbv d/yopavofiov 
ZriXapypv 7rpo9 Trjv SdKarTav diro^fopovvTa, Koi dvi- 
Kparfev* oi Bk ©9 ij/cova-av, &<T7rep fj av6<; d/ypiov fj iKor- 

25 ^ov (JMvivTO^, UvTcu iir avTov. oi S' ai KepaaovvTiov 
C09 elZov opfjb&VTO^ KaO* avT0v<;, aa^m vofi0^ovT&; iirt 
a^a^ Xeada4,, ^{rfovav Bp6/jL<p xal ifiiriTrTovaiv eh rffv 
^dKaTTav. ^weLaeireaov Bk ical rui&v axn&v rtre?, 
Kol iirviyeTO S<m<; velv firj iTirf)(avev iiruTTdfievo^. 

26 KoX T0VT0V9 TL BofcevTe ; tjBIkoijv fiev ovBev, eBecaav Bi, 
[li} \vTTa Tt9 &<nrep /evalv fnilv i/jLireTTTfOKOt. el oiv 
TavTa TotavTa earat, l^edaa^aOe, o%a t] KaToxTToai,^ 

21v)iuv earac 7^9 aTpaTta^. vfiel^ fiev oi irdvTe^ ovk 
ea-eade Kvpcot ovTe dvekkada^, mXefiov ^ &v ^ovXrjtrOe 
ovTe KaToKvaaiy IBUf Be 6 ^ovKofievo^ a^ev orpdrev/ia 
e^' o,TC &v MXrj, K&v Ttve^ 7r/oo9 vfia<; tcoac irpicrfiei,^ 
fj elprivri^ Beofievot fj oKKov tcvo^;, KaTa/cavovTe: rov- 
T0V9 oi fiovK6/ievot iroirjaovaiv v/JLa^ t&v Xoycov /lif 

28 d/covaat t&v 7rp6<: vfia^ Iovtcdv. eirevTa Bk 0&9 fih^ hv 
v/ieh diravT€<; eX/qaOe ap^ovTO^, iv ovBefica X^P^ ecrov- 
Tai, ooTt9 S' &v eavTov eXrjra^i orpaTif/bv ical idiXp 
T^eiv, BdXKe, fidXXe, o5to9 earat ixavo^ /cal ap^ovra 
KaTa/cavelv zeal IZLonriv ov civ vfi&v ideky a/cpcTov, ^v 
€o<nv oi 7reta6fi€voi^ avT&, &<nrep Kal vvv iyiveTO. 

29ota Bk vfiLv /cal BcaweTTpdxo^i'V oi avdaiperoi, oJrrot 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. vn. 147 

arpaTTjyol o'Kk^aaOe. Zi]\ap)(p^ iihf yhp 6 arfopavo- 
fio^ el fihf oBi/cet vfid<;, oXx^cll airoifXifov ov Sov9 vfitv 
Sucrjv el Sk 1171 aBvKci, ^vyet ix rod OTparevfjuiTO^ 
Belcra^i, fii) aSiKd)^ a/cpcrof; airoOdinj. ol Sk KaraXeu- 30 
(TavTe<i T0V9 irpitT^ei^i hieirpa^avro vjuv fjbovoi^ phf r&v 
^EWrjvav e& Kepaaovvra fLtf da-ffM'Kk^ elvai, &v fi^ 
avv la-'xyc cupLKVrjaOe' tov9 8^ veKpov^, ot^ irpoaOev 
avToX oi KaTcucav6vT€<i ifciKevov ^irreiVy tovtov^ Bie- 
irpd^avTo p/rfBe f w KTjpvxi^ ert a<r^Ai9 eZwM aveKk- 
aOac. rk y^p iOeX'qaec /crjpv^ Ihcu /ajpvKO^ dnreicro- 
w»9 ; aK)C ripjel^ KepaaowrUov ^d'^av avroif^ iSe^dTf- 31 
fiev. el flip oJrv ravra #ca\a>9 e^eh So^dro) v/uv, Xva 
C09 TOLovTCiV iaofJiAvcDV Kal <j>v\a/c})V lil(f iroi'^arf t^9 
Kol Tct epvfivh virephi^La irecparaL exfov aicqvovv. 
el fihnoL vpZv Botcet 3i]pla)V,dXK^ fiif dvOpamtov elvcu 32 
rh TOLavra epya, aKOTreire iravKav Tiva avr&v el Bi 
fiTj, TTpb^ Alo^ TTca? fj Seoi^: l^vaofiev iJSeo)? Trotovvre^ 
eprfa da-efirj, fj irdKe/iloig irm pw^ovfieda, fjv aKKr[\jov^ 
KaraKqlvoifiep ; iroki,^ Bk ^CKla rk fipA^ Be^erai,, tjti^ 33 
&v opq. TocavTffV dvofilav ev ruilv ; drfophv Bk rk a^ec 
Snpp&v, fjv irepl rd jier^Lora Touivra i^afiapTdvovre^ 
{JHUvdfieda ; od Bk B^ irdvrfov ol6/jL€0a rev^eaOai iiral- 
vov, rk &v fipA^ TovovTov^ Svra^ eiraivia-eiev ; 17/^*9 
fbh/ ydp olB* on Trovqpov^ &v (JMirffiev elvat T01/9 rd 
TOULvra TTOLovvra^, 

^Ek tovtov dvurrdfievoc irdvre^ eXeyov roif*; fih/3i 
TOvrcDV dpl^avrm Bovvcu Bi/crfv, tov Bk 'Kocttov p/qickn 
i^elvcu dvofila^ ap^ai,* edv Bi rt? dp^> d/yea-dai av- 
Toi^ iirl ^vdrtp • TOv<i Be OTparriyov^: eh BUa^ irdina*; 
KaraaTrjaac* elvav Bi Buca^ Kal ei n dWo ri^ ffilKfrfTO 
if o5 Kvpo^ diridave* BtKoard^ Bk roix: \oxo^ov^ 
iiroLTiaavro. irapatvovvro^ Bk Sevo(l>&VTo^ Kal r&v 35 
fidmeeov avfiPovXevovrtov SBo^e Kal KoSrjpa^ to arpdr 
revfia. Kal eyhero KadapfjLo^, 


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8 "EBo^e Sk leaX roif^ crparriyoi^ Hktjv vTroa-xetv roC 
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KaTrf/6pr)<Tdv rive^ <f>d(rKOVT€^ iraUadai, inr axnov koX 

2 a»9 vppCfymo^ rrfv Kanrffopiav iiroLovvro, kcu 6 Sevo- 
^v avaarh.^ iKiXevaev ehrelv rov Trp&rov Xi^ajrra, 
irov Kal iTrXijyrj, 6 Bk airoicplverac, ^Oirov kolv t& 

3 plr^ei, dirojiXXvfjbeOa koX X'^^ ifKeUrrr} fjv. o Bk elirev, 
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inrb Bk irovcDv iroXK&v d*7rcuyop€v6vTa>v, 7ro7i£fi{a)v Be 
eirofiipaov, ei ev tolovt(^ KaLp& vjSpi^ov, 6fjbdkoy& koX 
T&v ovoDV vppUTTOTepo^ ehai, oh <f>aatv viro tQ9 

4 v^pe<o^ Kofov ovK eyyiyvea-Oai. ofjuo^ Bk fcal Xi^ov, 
e^y i/c tIvo^ eirkifp}^, iroTepov yTow ai tl koI iirei 
fi4)i, OVK iBlBov<; hratov ; aSX diryTOw ; dXKd irepl 

5 iraiBiK&v fiW)(6fi'€vo^ ; dXXd fieOvoDV iirap^vrjo-a ; eireX 
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OVK e<l>rj. irdXcv, el weXTd^oc. ovBk tovt efj/rj, aXX 
fiiilovov eKavveiv Tax6e\<i viro t&v ava-KrjVdiv eXev6epo<: 

6 &v, evTavda Brj dvarfirfvaxTKet avTov koI nfjpero, *H av 
el 6 Tov KdfivovTa d/ycuyd)v ; Nal fid AC, €(fyrf crv ydp 
rjvdr^/Ka^e^ • Td Bk t&v ifJL&v ovo-ktivodv <TK€vrj BUppiAJrof:. 

7 ^A\X 71 [lev Bidppv^i<;, effyrj 6 Sievo<f)&v, Toiavvrf tv^ 
iyiveTO, BUBoDKa aXKot<; ar/eiv koI eKeKevaa irpo^ ifik 
dnrarforfelv, Kal diro\aj3a)v diravTa a&a direBoDKa aoiy 
eirel Kal ai) efiol direBev^a^ tov avBpa. olov Bk to 

8 irparffia ijeveTO dKOvaaTe, i(\yq • Kal ydp a^cov. avf/p 
KaTeKehreTo Bvd to fLrjKeTC B-uvaaOai, TropeveaOad,. Kal 
iya> TOV fikv avBpa ToaovTov iylyvaaKov, OTt eU rifi&v 
€&;• rjvd/^Kaaa Bk ak tovtov drfeiVy cd9 /t^ diroXoiTO* 
KoL ydp, e&9 €70) oIjjml, iroXkfiioi, ^/itv e^iirovTO. 


by Google 

BOOK V. OHAF. vm. 149 

avi/i<fyrf touto 6 avOpanro^. Ovtcovv, l<fnf 6 U€VO<l>&v, 9 
CTTcl ippovTrefj/^d ae, tcaTaXafifidvo) aidi^ avv roc^ 
oinaOo^vKa^L irpoaubv fioOpov dpvTTOvra ay; Karopv- 
^ovra TOP dvBponrov, ical i7rurrh<; iirpvotw ere. iirel 10 
Sk TrapeoTrj/coToyv ^fi&v awifca/JA^e to a/ciXo^ i avrjp, 
avi/cparfov oi irapovre^, on Jg ^ avijp, aif 8' ehra^, 
'^Oiroaa ye ^ovKercu* w eyooye avrbv ovk a^oo. iv- 
ravOa hratad ae* aX/qOi] Xeyet?* ISo^a? ydp fiov 
elSoTt ioc/civeu, ore e^rj. Tl oiv ; e^, fjTTOV n diri- 11 
6av€v, i'jrel iya> aoc diriBet^a axnov ; Kal yhp '^fMCc^, 
e<^ 6 U€Po<l>&v, 7r<£i/T69 airoOavovfMeda* tovtov oiv 
eveKa ^&vTa^ riim^ hel KaropvxOrivaL ; tovtov fiev 12 
avhcparfov irdvTe^ C09 oKiya^ iralaeiev* aXKox)^ 8' iKi- 
'Xeve \ey6iv, Sch tl e/ccurro^ iTrXijyrf. iirel 8k ovk 13 
avUrravTO, aino^ e\eyev, ^Eyd, & avSpe^, ofioXoyA 
iraiacu Srj avBpa^ eve/cev aTa^la^ oa-oi^ aJa^eaOai fih/ 
rjpfcev Si* rifJM^, ev Td^ev re iovTdDV Kal iiaxo[ievo)v &irov 
Siot, avTol 8k XiTTovTe^ Tct^ Td^evs TrpoOeome^ dpird- 
fyiv i]de\ov Kal ^fi&v irkeoveKTelv, el Be tovto irdme^ 
iiroiov/Jbev, a7ravTe<$ &v a/nrtSKofieOa. rjSrj 8k xal futKor 14 
Ki^ofievov Tiva koX oifK iOiXoma dvvaTa/rOaL, oKKA 
irpoUfievov avrbv T0J9 iroXefiloif; xal liraca-a Kal i^uxr 
cd/jjijv iropeveaOai. ev yhp toS urxyp^ *)(eLii&vi Kal 
avTo^ TTOTe dvafievfov Tivh^ ovaKeva^ofiivov^ KoOe^o- 
fievo^ <nr)(yov *)(p6vov KaT^fuidov dvaara^ p,6\i<; Kal 
tA a-Kikf) eKTelva^. ev ifiavr^ oiv iretpav Xa^oDV iK 15 
TOVTOV Kal &\Kov, OTTOTe iSocfJbt Ka0i]fievov Kal fiXor 
KevovTa, ffKawov* to yiip KcveZadav Kal avSpl^etrdav 
irapet'xe J^epfuuriav Tivh Kal vypoTtyra, to 8k Kadrjada^ 
Kal rjavy^iav e')(ei/v e(op(av xnrovpyov hv to5 t€ diromf' 
ywaOa^ to alfia Kal t^ diroar^ea-Oai Toif^ t&v ttoS&v 
8aKTvXov9, direp iroXKov^ Kal vfMel^ tare iradovTa^. 
aXKov Be ye taio^ inrdXjeiiro/jLevov ttov Bed, paaTdvTfv 16 
Kol KooXvovTa Kal vfias tov^ irpoa-Oev koI fifia<i Toif^ 


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Siria-dev iropevea-Oat hraiaa irv^, ott©? fiff ^^^y^V ^^ 

17 T&v TToXefjLuov iraioiTo, fcal yctp oiv vvv e^eoTiv av- 
To?9 atoOeiaiv, el ri inr ifiov hradov irapiu to hiiccuov, 
SIktjv "ka^eiv. el 8' iirl rot^ irdKefiloi^ iyivovTO, rl 
^irfa &v ovTO)9 eiraOov otov BI/ctjv &v ri^iovv Tsxifju- 

18 ^dveiv ; air\ov^ fioi, Sifyrf, 6 X6709. eyw yd^p el fieu 
iir arfod^ i/coXcurd riva, d^i& VTrix^iv BUrjv, oUtv koX 
yovel^ vioi^ xal SiSdcKoXoc irtuaL kou yhp oi iarpol 

'idxaiovcn xal rifivova-iv iir arfod^. el Sh v^pet vofii- 
fere {le ravra Trpdrretv, ivOvfi^Orfre, on vvv iyoi> 
^app& aifv T0Z9 ^oh fiaXKov ff Tore seal Bpcurvrepos 
elfiv vvv fi Tore xal olvov irXeio) irivto, aK)C ofua^ ov- 

20 Biva Traloo* iv eviltf yap 6p& vfia^. otov Be ^6i/tet>i/ 
^ Kal ^dXarra fieydXrj iin<l)iprjrah ov^ opare, on koI 
vevfiaro^ fiovov evexa 'xoKeiralvei fihv irptppext^ to%<$ 
iv irptppq, 'XfCKeiralvei Sk KV^epvrjTri^; rot^ iv irpvfwn ; 
iKavh ycLp iv r^ roiovrtp Kal fiiKph afiaprrjdevra irdv- 

21 r a oweTnTpiy^ai. on 8k Siscala)^ eira^ov avrois koI 
vfjiei^ fcareSucdaaTe Tore* e^ovre^ ^l^^t ov '^^ou?, 
Trapearrjre, xal i^v vfiiv iiriKovpelv avroi^, el i^ov- 
\ea0e* oKK^ jih Ala ovre tovtoi^ iireKovpelre oire 

22 aifv ifJLol rbv dratcrovvTa iiralere. roi^apovv e^va-iav 
iiroLrjaare to?? Kaxoh avr&v vfipi^etv i&vre^ avrov^. 
otfiat yap, el ideXere aKOTreiv, Toif^ avrov^ evp^a-ere 

23 /cal Tore /ca/claT0v<; Kal vvv vfiptaroTdrov^;. Boi<rKO<$ 
yovv 6 TrvKTT)^ 6 SerraXo^ Tore fikv Bi€fid')(€TO ci? 
Kafivoyv dcnrCBa fiff ^pew, vvv 8', C09 okovo), Kotwo- 

2ipiT&v TToXXoir? ^&; diToSiSvKev. fjv oiv trco^povfjre, 
rovrov rdvavrla 7roii]aeT€ fj rov^ Kvva<i iroiovai, • to^ 
fi€v yhp Kvva9 tou? ^aXeTrou? tA? fiev fifiApa^ SiSeaa^, 
tA? Be vvKTa^ cujxuai, tovtov Be, fjv (T(o<l>povrJT€, r^v 

25 vvKTa fiev B^aere, rijv Bk fifiApav cujy^aere. oKKh, ydp, 
e^, Savfid^<o, on, el fiev nvt vfi&v aTPrf'xjSofj^v, fikr 
fivqtrOe Kal ov (nfOTraTe, el Be T(p fj xet/Awi/a iTreKovprfaa 


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BOOK YI. OHAF. I. 151 

fj iroXAfiiov airripv^a fj aaOevavPTi fj airopovvrv awe^e- 
iropurd tl^ tovtoov ovBeh fLifivrfrai, ouS* et riva icdK&<; 
TV iroi^vvra eirrivea'a oifB^ eX Tiv^ avBpa Svra ofyaObv 
irlfi/qaa (09 iBwd/Jji]v, ovBk tovtodv fiifi^vrjade. aXKc^ 26 
fifjv Kohjov 76 Koi BUaiov Kal o<ru>v koX fjBiov r&v dffOr 
6&V /jLoXXov fj T&v KaK&v fie/jimjadai. 

^E/e TOVTOV fikv Brj avUnavro icaX dv€fiifivrf<rKOV. 
Kal 'jrepi^evero ware tcoK&s e)(€vv. 


^E/e TOVTOV Bk iv t§ Buirpifi^ oi fihf airo t^9 1 
at/opa^ e^foVy oi Bk koI \rji^6fi€P0V i/e 7^9 IliufiKa/yovta^, 
ixXdyirevov Bk teal oi IIcKfiKafyove^ ei fioKa Toif^ diro- 
a-K€BawvfJL€Vov^, Kal t^9 wkto^ Be Toi^ 7rp6a-(0 (ncq- 
vovvTa^ iireip&vTO Katcovpyetv Kal 7r6\efii,K(OTaTa 
TTpo^ dWifKov<; €t')(pv iK TOVToyv. 6 Bk KopvXa^, 09 2 
eTvyxjave TOTe Ila^Tia/yovla^ ap^(ov, irefimei, iraph tov^ 
^'EKK/riva^ irpia-^ei^ e^ovTas vmrov^ Kal aTo\A9 KcCKd^^ 
Ti^ovTo^f OTi KopvXa^ eroifJLo^ ettf tou9 ^EWrjva^ /Ji^Te 
dSiK€iv fii^T€ oBt^Keiadai. oi Be orpaTrffol direKplvavTO, 3 
OTi irepl fih/ TOVTcov cifv Ty orpaTca fiovXevcoiVTo, 
iwl ^evia Bh eBk'XpvTO avTov<$' 'jrapcKoKecav Bk Kal 
T&v aXKoDV dvBp&v 0^9 iBoKow BiKaMTdTov<$ elva^, 
SvaavTC^ Bk ^ov^ t&v alyjiocKoiyrtov Kal aWa iepela 4 
evto'x^iav fikv dpKOvtrav irapei'xpv, KaTaKelfievoi Bk iv 
oTifidaiv eBeiirvow, Kal emvov ix KepaTivcov iroTTf- 
pUov, oh iveTvyyavov iv Ty X^Pi' ^^^^ ^^ airovBal 5 
T iyivovTO Kal i7raia)vi(rav, dviaTf}<rav irp&TOV fikv 
Op^Ke^ Kal 7r/}09 avXov iip'xfitravTO avv to?9 ottXois 
Kol TjXKovTO in^Xd re Kal kov^gds koX Tals fiax^tipais 
iXP&PTo* T€Xo9 8^ 6 iTepos Tov €T€pov TTaiei, C09 irdaiv 


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152 xenophon's anabasis. 

iBoKei' ireTfkrjyevai rov dvSpa' 6 8' eirea-e T^yyvKm 

6 7r6)9. icaX dveKpar/ov ol IIa(l>Kar/6ve<:, koI 6 fiev atcv- 
\ev(Ta<i ra oifKa tov eripov i^yec aBeav rov SiToK/cav 
aXXoc Se r&v OpaK&v rov erepov i^e<f>epov co? Teffprj- 

7 KOTW fjv Se ovhev Tr€irov6a>^, fierct tovto Aivcdv€<; 
Kot Mwyvr}T€<; dvia-rrja-av, ot wp^ovvro rrjv Kapiralav 

8 KaXovfJbivrjv iv T0t9 07r\ot9. o Se Tpoirog t^9 opx?y<7€G)9 
^v, 6 /JL€V irapaOifievos rci oifKa (nreipet, xal ^exjyTJXarel 
irvKVcu fi€Ta<7Tp€ij>6fi€V0<; ©9 ^o^ovfievo^y Xyarrf^ Se 
7rpoa'ep')(eTaL' 6 S' iireiBcLV irpotSrjTai, dtravra dpTrd- 
(7a9 rd oirXa xal fjid'^CTac irpo tov, ^evyoi/^; • xal ovtoi, 
ravT hroiovv iv pvOfiA irpb^ tov atikov koX t€\o9 o 
\rj(TTr)^ Sijcra9 tov dvSpa koI to ^€vyo<; aTrdr/et • ivloT€ 
he KoX 6 ^evyrjXdTr)^ tov Xriarriy • eWa irapd tou9 ^ov<; 

9 ^ev^a^ oTriaoD to) %€«/>€ BeBefiivov ikdvvei,, fierd tovto 
Mvao^ elaijXdev iv exaTipa t^ X^tpl e^^v irekTqVy 

KoX TOTk fJLeV ft)9 BvO dvTlTaTTOfJL€VQ)V fjLlfJLOV/Jl^VO<i O)/0- 

X^Ito, totI Bk 0)9 7r/oo9 eva i^p^TO Tok TrikTOd,^, totc 
S' iBcvecTO xal i^eicvfila-Ta e^fiyv Ta9 iriXTa^, wore 

10 o-ylrcv KcCKrjv f^lveaOau T€\o9 Bk to irepaiKov wp^j^iTO 
KpovoDv Ta9 7r€XTa9, fcal c!>K\a^€ koI i^avlaraTo* koX 

11 TavTa irdvTa iv pvfffitS iiroUi 7rpo9 tov avXov. iirl 
Be TovTq> iTTiovTC^ ol MavTivel^ kov dXXoi, Tive^ t&v 
^ApKoScdv dva<TTdvTe^ i^o7r\c<rdfievoc m iBvvavfo koX- 
Xcara yeadv re iv pvdfiS, 7rpo9 tov ivoTfkiov pvdfiop 
av\ov/j,€voi, Kol iiraKovt^a-av koI d>p')(fio'cano &<nr€p iv 
Tah 7rpo9 T0U9 .S€0U9 wpoaoBoi^. 6p&vT€<$ Be ol Hor 
<f>Xar/6ve^ Betvd iirocovvTO irdaafi Ta9 opyfjaeLS iv 

12 ottXoi^ elvai. iirl tovtoi(; op&v 6 Mva-09 i/cireirXfj' 
jfjLivov<; avTov^f ireiaa^ t&v ^ApxaSoDV Tivd ireiraiievov 
6pxv<^piBa elad/yec axevda-a^ a>9 iBvvaTo KoKKicrra 
/cat dairlBa Sov9 Kovcfyrjv avT^, fj Bk wpxwaTo irvp- 

l^piXV^ iXa(j>pm. ivTaifOa KpoTO^ fjv 7ro\v<;, koI ol 
TIa^'Ka/)/ove^ ripovTOy el KaX yxwaiK€<i avvefidxovTO aih 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK YI. CHAP. I. 158 

Tok. oi 8' eXeyov, iri ajrrcu koI ai rpey^tifiewu etep 
fitto-OsAa i/c Tov oTparoireBov. ry fih oiv wktX ravrrf 

TOVTO TO T€K0^ iy€P€TO* 

T'ff Bk vcrepalq, irpoarijyov avroif^ eh to OTpdTevfia* 14 
seal eBo^e Toi^ OTpaTidyrai^ fii]T€ aSwetv IIcKflKar/ova^ 
lirfTe oBiKeiardat, fjuerct tovto oi /jl€V Trpia-^ei^ &)(pvTo • 
oi h\ '^JEJX\i7i/€9> iirecSif ifKxna iKavh iSotcev irapelvai, 
dva^dvT€^ hry^ov fifiepav Kal vvtcra mfeviuvn kclK^^ 
iv dptarepa expVTe^ ttjv HcufiKa/yoviav, t§ S' aXKyld 
cuf>iKvovvT(u €49 Stvoyinjv Kal d>pfilaavT0 efc ^Apfirjvrjv 
T7j<: 5'twe)7n;9. Scvayirei^ Bk olKOvtri fih iv t§ IIcKfiKar 
yovi/c^, MCkqtrUov Sk airoiKol euriv. ovto^ Be ^ivia 
irifi'jrovac T0Z9 ^EXKrjaiv dX^^Tfov fihv fMcBlfivov^ Tpca^ 
'XfKlov^i oXvov Bk Kcpdfiia x^bKca xal irevTaKotrui. 
KoX XeiplaoifH)^ emavOa fi>£e Tpii]prf e^coi/. seal oi fihf 16 
orpaTiStTat irpoaeBoioov arfovrd tI a^iaiv rjtcetv 6 8* 
^€ /juev ovBhi aTT^yyeXKe Be, oti eiraivolrj auT0V9 real 
^Ava^lfico^ 6 vavap)(p^ Kal oi oKKot, Kal oti {rrrurxyeiTO 
*Ava^ifiu)<$, el df\>LKVolvTO Ifw tov IIovtov, fita-Oo(f>opdv 
avT0?9 ea-ea-Ocu. Kal iv Tavrp t§ ^Apfirjvri epuecvav oi 17 
OTpaTi&Tai fiiiepa^ iriirre. a>9 Bk t^9 'JEAXc£&>9 iBo- 
Kow €77^9 ylrfueaOai, ijBrf jmKKov fj irpoaOev elayet 
avTOV^, a7ra>9 av Kal ^%oi/t€9 ti otxaBe axf>iK(0VTai. 
rffqaavTO oiv, el eva eXoivTO dp)(pvTa, fiaXKov &v f} 18 
iroXvap^ia^ ovarii Bvvaa-0at tov eva j(prj<r0ai Ta> arpar 
TevfuiTL Kal WKTO<; Kal fipApa^, Kal eX tl Beot TuwOd- 
vecv, fjLaXKov &v KpinrTeadat, Kal eX ti ai BeoL ^ddvetv, 
^TTOv &v vaTepi^^eiv • ov ydp av Xoyayv Belv 7rpo9 aW?/- 
Xoi;9, dWd TO Bo^av to5 evl irepaiveaOai av tov^B* 
efiTTpoaOev ')(p6vov iK Trj<; viKoaa^^ eirpaTTOv irdvTa oi 
oTpaTrjfyoL c&9 J^ raOra BcevoovvTO, iTpdirovTO e7rll9 
TOV *8*evo^SyvTa* Kal oi Xoxo^ol iXeyov irpotrtovTe^ 
avT^, OTL fi oTpaTid ovTto yirpfOi<TKei, koI evvouiv iv- 
BeiKVVfievo^ eKaaro^ hreidev axnov vTrooTfjvai ttjv 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

164 xbnophon's anabasis. 

20 af>x^v. 6 8k U€POif>&v TT^ fih/ i^ovXero ravra, vofit 
^<ov Kal rifv Tififiv fLei^o) out©? y(rfv€<r0<u teal tt/oov 
Toif^ <l>iXotj^ Kal et9 rifp iroTuv rovvofia iielfyv cufyi^e- 
cOai avTOv, rvxov Bk xal ofyaOov rivo^ &p alrios ry 

2\<rTpaTia yeviadat. tA fihf Stf Touivra ivdviirffxara 
iirfipev avTOV eTndvfMelv avroKpdropa yepiadad, ap- 
'Xpvra. OTTOTC 8' ai evdvfiolTO, on aSrjKov fiev Travrl 
av0pdyir<p, oirrf to fiiXKov ?^€i, Bid, tovto Bk xal kIvBv- 
1/09 €&7 Kal rrjiv irpoeipya^rfievrfv Bo^av airo^dKelv, 

22 TfTTOpelro, Buciropovfiivq) Bk avT& Btaxptvat, eBo^e Kpd- 
Tcarov elvat toa9 .S€0?9 ava/cotv&aai' Kal Trapa^arrjo'd' 
fi€vo^ Bvo Upeia iOvero T<p ACl r^ ^a^aCKel, ocnrep 
avT^ fiavTetrro^ fjv €k AeK^&v kcu to ovap Brj dirb 
TOVTOV rov l^ov ivofjLi^ev etopaKkvav, S elBev, ore 
rjpj(€TO €7rl TO aiJP€7ri/x€\eia-0av rrj^ OTparui^ KaOi- 

23aTa,adac. Kal ore i^ ^E(f>iaov Bk wp/uiTO Kvptp 
avaraOrjaofiepo^ Agtov dv€p,ifjbvriaK€TO iatrrtp Be^^bv 
^eyyofievov, Kadrifievov fiivroc, &(nr€p 6 ixdmv; 6 
irpoTrifMirayv avrbv eKeyeu on fikya^ fikp ouovb^ etr) koX 
ovK IBifOTtKb^ Kal evBo^o^, eirLirovo^ fiivroi* rd yctp 
opvea fidXcara iirirideadaL rS der^ KaOrjiikvtp* ov 
fihrrot 'XprjfuiTiaTCKbv elvcu rbv oIodvov • rbv ydp derbv 

2i 7r€T6fi€vov fidXKov "kafi^dveLV tcl iinrriBeia. ovt(o B^ 
^vopAvfp airr^ Buuf)av&<$ 6 i9609 (rrjfialvei, jirp-e irpoa* 
BeiaOat rfj^ ^PXfi^ A^^tc, el alpoivro, d7roBi')(€a0ai, 

25 TOVTO fi,h B)j ovToy; iyevero, f} Bk OTparcd axwrjXJde, 
Kal irdvre^ eXeyov eva aipelaOai, • Kal hrei tovto eSof €, 
irpoe^aKKovTO ainov. hrel Bk iBoKCi, BrjXov elvai, on, 
alpijaovrac avrov, el n^ iin'>fr7j<f)l^oi,, dviarrf Kal eXe^c 

26 ^Eyd), & ai/Sp€9, rj/Bofiac fihf virb vfJL&v n/uofievof:, 
eiirep avOptoiro^ eifii,, Kal xdptv ep^o) Kal ev^ofiai, Bov- 
vai /u)t Toi'9 .^€0^9 aXnov nvo<; vpZv arfoJdov yepiaOcu' 
TO M'hrroi, ifik TrpoKptOrjvai inrb vfi&v ap^ovra Aaxe- 


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Sa^fiovlov avSpo^ irap6vT0<; oire vfuv fioi Soxei avfi' 
<j)€pov elvai, aXX fjrrov &v 8^ rovro rxrfxdvetv et ri 
BiourOe irap avr&v ifiol re ai ov irdw n vofil^to 
aa-<l>a\€^ elvcu tovto. 6p& yap, ori fcal t§ irarpiSi 27 
/lov ov irpoaOev iiravaavro iroXefiovPTe^ irpXv iiroiqaav 
ircUrav rffv iroXip ofidXoyeiv Acucehcufiovlov^ koX airr&v 
rffefjb6va<; elvcu, iirel Bk tovto ^fidKoyrfa-av, eu^u9 28 
hravaavTo iroKepx^vvre^ icaX ov/ciri irepa iTro\i6picr}<Tav 
Tfiv TToTuv. el oJfv ravra op&v iya> Botcolrjv, ottov 8i/- 
valfiTfv, ivravd^ a/cvpov iroielv to exelvtov d^iafui, 
i/ceivo €Pvo&, fitf \lav &v rayy ccD^povKrdeiriv. h S^29 
viiel^ ipvoeire, ort ^ttov &v <rrdai^ etrj €i/09 apxovro^ 
rj TToXX&v, ei tare ori, aXKov fihf eKop^evoi, ovx evpif- 
aere ifik aTCbatdfyvTa* vofil^co ydp, Sari^ ev iroXifjup 
&v oTaaid^et 7r/oo9 apj(pvTa, tovtov wpo? rifv eavrov 
(r(OTr)piav OTCLaid^eiv ihv Bk ifik iXfjcOe, ovk &v 
^avfidacuiiVy eX riva eSpocre koI vfiiv /cal ifiol ayOo- 

^Eirel Bk ravra ehre, ttoXi) if\€lov€<: i^aviaravro 30 
XeyovT^^, 0)9 Seot avrov dp^etv, • ^AyaxrLa^ B\ SrvfJr 
(fxiXt^^ ehrev, ort yeXotov elf), ei outo)9 €j(ph el op- 
ycovvrai Aa/eeBcufiovufi koL ehv (TvpBetirvoi inn^eXdovre^ 
firi AoKeBaifJMVi^v avfiiroalapxpv aip&mai,. hrel ei 
ovTto ye TOVTO e)(€t, €<fnf, ovBe Xojdorfelv fifuv S^eariv, 
(09 eottcep, OTi ^Ap/caBe^ eafiiv. emavOa Btf &^ ei 
ehrovTo^ tov ^AyatrLov avedopvfiriaav. Kal 6 Uevo<l>&v3i 
eirel edpa irkelovo^ evBeov, irapeXdoDV ehrev, '^W', & 
avBpe^, eifyrj, <i&9 irdw elBiJTe, o/jlvvod vfilv i^ou9 irdvTa^ 
Kal irdaa^, ^ firjv eyd, hrel ttjv vfierepav yv(i>fji/riv yaOor 
vofirjv, iOvofATjv, el ^eknov eXrj Vfi2v re i/wl iiriTpiy^aL 
TavTTjv TTjv dpj(rjv Kal ifiol inroatrjvai • Kal fWL ol ^eol 
0(5x0)9 ev T0Z9 (6po29 iarjii/qvav &aTe xal ISidynjv &v 
yv&vat, oTi TavTTi^ t^9 fiovapj(Ui<; wjrix^^^^l' /^^ ^€?. 
ovT(o Brf Xecpl(ro<l>ov aipovvrac, Xeipla'o<f>os B^ i7rel32 


by Google 


ypeOf), irap€\0oi)v ehrevt *^XX', & avSpe^, tovto fihf tara, 
OTi ovS^ av eyayye iaraala^ov, el aWov etkeaOc Sepo- 
<l>(bvTa /jbivTOL, eifyrj, wyriaaTe ou;^ eko/Jbevof 0)9 xal vvv 
Ae^tiTTTO^ ijBrj SU^dXXev avTov irpo^ ^Ava^lfiiov o, ri 
ihvvaro Koi fMoKa i/iov avrov (Tcyd^ovTo<:. 6 S' e^ 
vo/Jbi^€iv avTov TtficuTlmvv fiaXKov avpdpx€iv iOeKrjaai, 
Aapiavel ovtl tov KXedp'Xpv aTparevfiaro^: ^ eavrS 

ddAuKcovi oPTi. €7rel fjbivTOC ifie eiXeaOey e<fyq, KaX ^o) 
ireipdaofiai, o, rt civ hvv(0[iav vfia<; dr/aObv iroielv. koX 
v/jbelt; ovTCj TrapaaKevd^eade (i)<; avpcov, iav TrXoO? ^, 
dva^6/JL€voc' 6 Be ifkov^ earai eh HpuKXeiav aTrav- 
Ta<i ovv Bel cKela-e ireipaaOav Karaa'^vv' ret S' aXKa, 
iireiBav eKelae €\0a)fjLev, ^ovkeva-o/xeOa. 

2 ^EvrevOev rp va-repala dvaryofievoi Trvevfian errXeov 
KdX& 7)ixepa^ Bvo irapb, yrjv. ical irapairXeovref; iOeoh 
pow Tr\v re ^laaoviav dxrijv, evOa rj ^Apya> "Keyerai 
6pfii(ra<T0ac, kov t&v iroTafi&v tcu aTOfiara, irp&TOV 
fiev TOV 6ep/jL(l>BovTo<:, eirevra Be tov ^Ipi^<;, eireiTa Bk 
TOV '^A\vo^, fierh Bk tovtov tov HapOeviov tovtov Bk 
irapaifKevaavTe^ d<l>LK0VT0 ek ^HpdKXjeiav, iroKiv 'EXr 
XrjviBa, Meyapeo)v airocKOV, ovaav S' ev Ty Maputv- 

2 Bvv&v X^P^' ^^^ mpfJLiaavTO irapcu Ty ^ AxepovavaB^ 
Xeppovi]<T(py €v6a \eyeTai 6 'HpaKkrj^i iirl tov Kip- 
fiepov Kvva KUTa^^vac, ^ vvv tA arjfieia Bec/cvvovai 
T7j^ KaTa^daecD^, to fid0o<; ttKAov fj cttI Bvo otoBui* 

3 ivTavOa tol^ '^EXK'qaiv oi ^HpaKXe&Tat ^ivia TrefL" 
irovatv d\<l>lTOi>v fieBl/Jbvov^ Tpcaxi^iov^ Kal otvov /cepdr 
fiia Btax^Xui Kal j8o{)9 ecKoai koI oh exaTov. ivTavda 
Bcci TOV TreBlov pel iroTafio^: Avko^ ovofia, eipo^ a>^ Bvo 

4 01 Be oTpaTC&Tai crvWeyhrre^ i^ovXevovTo Hjv 
XoiTrijv TTOpeiav iroTepov kut^ yrjv fj Kork BdXaTrav 
XpV fropevOrjvat, eic tov Hovtov. dvaaTh<; S^ Avicmv 
^Axacb^ eiTre, 0avfid^<o /liv, & avBpe^, t&v orpaTTiy&v, 


by Google 

BOOK YI. CHAP. n. 157 

Sti ov Treip&vrat, fifilv i/ciropl^etv (n^Trfpiciov' rd, fikv 
yap ^h/ca ov fi^ yevqTai ry OTpari^ rpi&p fifiep&v 
aiTia* oirodev S' hrurcnadjievoi TropevaofieOa ov/c 
eoTiv, €<fnf, ifiol oiv ioxel alrelv rois 'HpaKXedroff 
/jbff eXarrov ^ Tpia^iXiov^ KV^CKffvov<; ' aX\o9 S' ehre 5 
fjLTf eXarrov fj fivplov*;* Ka\ iXofih/ov^ irpia^ei^ avrlKa 
fwXa fiii&v Ka0r}fAivct>v Trifiireiv Trpb^ rifv iroXiv, koI 
elBivat o, ri &v aTrcuyyiXkaxn, koI Trpo^ ravra )8oi/- 
T^veaOat. ivreOOev irpovfiaXKovro irpia^ei^ irp&Tov 6 
liev X.e(,pl(ro<f>ov, on apxav ^prjTO, elal 8' ot kqX Uevo- 
^&VTa. oi Sk liTxypm airefid'XpvTo • dfKJ>olv yap rainh 
iSoKec fiff dvar/Ka^eiv ttoTuv ^EWrjvlSa xal ^CKlav o, ri 
/Jbf) avTol i06\ovT€f; SiSoiev, cttcI 8' ovroi iBoxovv 7 
airpoOvfioi elvac, irefnrova-t AvKcova ^A'Xfuov xal KdX- 
XlfjLaxov Ilappdaiov Kal ^Ayaaiav STVfKJydKcov, ovroi 
eK06vre<; eX&yov rd SeSoypAva • top Sh AvKO)va €(f)a^av 
Kal iiraireCKelv, el fjbfj iroti]<TOC€v ravra. oKovaavre^ 8 
8' oi 'HpaK\e&Tac ^ovXevaeadai, €<f>a^av* Koi evdx)<; 
rd re 'xp'qp^ara i/c t&v drfp&v avinjyov xal rfjv dr/opav 
eXato dvea-Kcvaarajf, Kal ai irvXac iKeKXecvro Kal iirl 
T&v T€t,x&v oirXa i^alvero. 

^Ek tovtov oi rapd^avref; ravra roif<: (rrpaTrfyov<; 9 
yn&vro SuKf>0€lp€iv rijv irpa^iv Kal avviaravro oi 
*ApKdBe<i Kol oi ^A^^aiol* 7rpo€i(rrt]K€i Bk pAXcara ai- 
r&v Ka'KKlpw)(6<: re 6 Ilappdaiov Kal Avkcov 6 ^A')(cu6v. ' 
oi he XxiyoL fjaav avroL<;, oi? ala^bv eXi) dp^eiv evalO 
^AOrjvaiov IleXoTrowrjarLcov Kal AaKeSacp^vioDV, p/qhe- 
liiav Svvap^cv Trape^op^evov €i9 rrfv arparidv, xal rov<$ 
ukv irovovv (rj>av €X€iv, ret Be KepBrj aXkov<;, Kal ravra 
rrjv (TODrrjpiav a<f)&v Karetpyaa-p^evtov elvai yhp roif^ 
Karecpyaap^evovv ^ApKdBav Kal ^A^fK^ovv, ro 8' SXKo 
arpdrevp^ ovBkv elvai. Kal fjv Bk rfj d\r)0eia virep 
ripLLGV rov oXov arparevpbarov ^ApKoZev Kal ^A^cuoL 
el oZv a'a)<f>povoiev oiroi, avardvrev Kal a-rparrjyovv 11 


by Google 


eXofAevot, iavr&v koO* eavroif^: &v r^v iropelav woiotvro 

12 zeal ^eip^vTO arfoBov ri Tsufi^dvetv. ravr eSofe* koX 
airdkiirovre^: X€ipla'o<f>ov et rtve^ fja-av irap avr^ 
^Ap/cdBe^ ^ ^A)(aiol koL U€voif>&VTa awiaTrja-ai/ xal 
oTpaTTjyoif^ alpovprcu iavr&v Bixa* TOvrov<; Se e\^ 
<l>laavTo i/e lij^ vi/cd)(n)<: 8, rt Bo/colrj, rovro Tromv. 
fl fih oiv Tov iravTo^ ^PXh X€ipta6<l>tp evravOa xare- 
\v07j '^fiipa S/CTTf fj k^iofirj ad) J}? VP^^V^ 

13 U€vo<f)&v fihrroi ifiovXero kolv^ /Jber axrrov riiv 
TTopeiav iroceiadat, vofiifyDV ovt(o<; aa^xtKiarepov elvcu 
^ ISia l/ccuTTOv oTeWeardcu • aXX^ Nifov erreiOev airrov 
KoB^ avTov Tropeveadai, a/covca^ rod XecpuroifMv, ori, 
KxAavSpo^ 6 hf BvfyLvrUp ap/ioari}^ ^h) rpt^pet^ e%a>v 

H^^etv ek KaXirrj^ Tufjuiva* otto)? o&/ fJurjSeU fierdtrxpi, 
aXX avTol Kal oi avr&v OTpariSyrai, iinry^vaeuiv errl 
T&v Tpii]p(ov, Bih ravra awe^ovXeve, koI Xetplao- 
<f>o<;, afjLa fihf aOvfi&v toI^ yeyevrjfiivoi^, afia Sk fua&v 
€/e rovTov to arpdrevfia, eiri/rpim'ei, avrS iroielv o, Tt 

15 ^ovXercu. Hei/o^i/ Se ftrt fiev eirexelpriaev airaX- 
\arfe\s t^9 arparui^ i/cnXevaai • ^vofiAvfp hh axn& t& 
fffefiovi ^HpaK\€i teal tcoivovfiivtp, worepa XSov teal 
a/JL€ivov etrj oTpareveo'dac expvTL roif^ irapajieivaina^ 
T&v OTpaTuoT&v fj d7raXkdTT€(r0€u, ia^fj/r)V€V 6 Seb^ 

l6TOt9 Upol^ avoTpaTeveaOau ovtod yiyvertu to arpd- 
Tevfia Tpt^xv* ^Ap/cdSe^ fiev kal ^A'^atol irXeiov*; ^ t€- 
TpaKUT'xtKiov Koi irevTaKoa-ioi, oirhZTav 7rdvT€^, Xeipi- 
a'6<f><p 8* OTrXZrat fih €t9 Terpascoa-lot^ ical 'xCKlov^, 
ireKTO^Tal hi ek errraKoalov^, oi KXedp^ov Op^sce^, 
U€vo<l>&vTi, Sk OTrXtrot fikv ek eirraKoaiov^: koX %»X^v9> 
TreXTaaral Bk eh TpiaKoalov*; • vthtikov Bk p,6vo^ o5to9 
^ToC^v* dp,^\ reTTapdKOVTa hnrka^, 

1\ KaX oi fiev ^ApxdBe^ BuLTrpa^dfMevoi, irXoui Traph 
r&v ^HpaKkean&v irp&rot TrTJovaiv, oiro)^ i^al<pvfj^ 
hnireaovTe^ toi<; Bidwol^; Xdfioi^v otc irXetara* /eaX 


by Google 

BOOK YI. OHAF. m. 159 

airo^aivovo'iv ek EJiXirq^ TufUva xard, fiiaov 7rci)9 t^ 
Qpaicq^, X€ipia'o<l>o<: 8' €v0v^ diro rrj^ iroXeo)^ t&pIS 
'HpaKXearr&v ap^dfiepo^ ^^J^ erropevero Sect t^9 'Xfo- 
pa^' iirel 8k el^ rtjv Qpatcr^v ivi^oKe, irapk rrjv SdKar- 
rav 27€f koX ydp rjSff rja-divet. B€POif>&v Bk 7r\oJal9 
Xafia>v diro^alvev hr\ rd opta rfj^ &paicq^ koI t^9 
*Hpa/c\€d>TiBo^ Kal Bid fieaoyaia^ iiropevero. 

{^Ov fiev oiv TpoTTOV rj re X€ipia6<f>ov dp\ff rod 3 
7ravTb<; KareKvOri koI t&v 'E\Xi]va)v to CTpdrevfia 
ia^urdrj hf to2<$ hrdvo) €tpi]TaiJ] *'E7rpa(av S' axn&v 
exaoToi ToBe, oi fiep ^ApKdBe^ ©9 dTrifirfaav w/crb^ 2 
eh KdXirr)^ Xifiiva, iropevovrai eh t^ irpoyra^ /cdfuv;, 
ordBia diro J^aKdrrrj^: co9 TpidKovra. iirel Bk <l>&^ 
er/evero, ijyev eKOcno^ OTpaTrjyb^ to avTov Xd^o^ iirl 
KODfi/qv OTTola Be fjuel^mv eBoKet elvai, avpBvo \6;^ot;9 
1770V oi arparrfyoL awe^dXovTO Bh teal \6<f>ov, eh hv 3 
BeoL irdvTa^ aKO^eadai • koX one €^al(f>vrj^ eiri^irea-ovTe^ 
dvBpdiroBd re ttoWA eXa^ov koX irpo^ara ttoWA ire- 
piefidXovTo. oi ^l Op^xe^ rjOpoL^ovTO oi Bca<l>€vyovTe^ • 4 
TToWol Be BU<l>evyov TreXToaral oi/re? OTrX/ra? ef av- 
T&v T&v ')(et,p&v. iirel Bk axjveX&pjaav, irp&TOv fiev t^ 
S/JLiKpr)TO^ ^X^ ^^^^ "^^^ ^ApfcdBayv arpaTTjy&v diri" 
ovTL ^Bff eh TO axrfKeifievov koX ttoXXA 'XprjfiaTa drfovTi 
eirvrLOevTai, koX T€ft)9 fihf ifid^ovTo cifia Tropevo/juepoi 5 
oi ^EXXrjve^, cttI Bk Btafidaet *)(apdJBpa^ Tpeiroirrat av- 
T0V9, /cal avTov re tov Sfii/cprjTa d'lroKTivvvaai koX 
Toxf^ aXKov^ irdina^ • aXKov Bk yJtypv t&v Bexa arpar 
TTjy&v TOV ' Hyrja-dvBpov oktoh fi6vov<; KariKiirov /cal 
avTb<: 'Hyya-avBpo^ iawdr). xal oi oKKot fiev \0xa70l 6 
awrjXjffov oi fihf avv irpdrfpxLfjiv oi Bk avev Trpcuy/J^d- 
Twv oi Be Spaxe^ iwel exnirx^aav tovto to exnxh 
Xlfia, awe^6(ov re dXKriKov^ Kal aweXeyovTO ippco- 
fiiva><$ T^ wkt6<:. kqX &fia rifJiApa kvkX^ ir^l tov 
'K6<I>ov, evda oi "EKKr)V€<; iarpaToireBevovTO, irdTTOvTO 


by Google 


Kal linrel<; iroKKoX ical ireXTcurrai, koX oel irKelove^ 

7 awipp€OV • Kal irpoai^aXKov 7rpo9 tou9 OTrXtVa^ daifxir 
\&9' oi fihf yap "EXKrfve^ ovre ro^OTqv elypv ovre 
a/covTiOTrfV ovre iinria • ol Bk TrpoaOiovre^ xai irpoae- 
"Kavvovre^ flKovri^ov oirore hk avroi^ iirio^ev, paSm^ 

8 d7r€(f>€vyov ' aXXot Be aWrj ejrerldevTO. koX t&p fiev 
irciXXol iTirpaxTKOVTO, tS>p Bk ov&49* aJtrre KivrjOrjvac 
ovK iBuvavTO ifc rod x^plov, oKKcL T€X€in"a)i^r€9 tcai 

9 aTTO Tov vBaTO<$ elpyop avroif^ ol Opaxe;. iirel Bk 
airopla ttoW^ fjv, BisK&^ovro irepl <nrovB&v' xal ret 
fjbkv oKKa wfioKoyrjTO avrol^, 6p,'^pov^, Be ovk iBUBoaav 
oi SpaKe^ alrovvTcov r&v ^EX\^va)V, a\V a/ TOVTq> 
l<rx€To. rh fiev Btf r&v ^ApKoBtav ovtg)^ eZ^^e. 

10 X€ipi<ro<f>o^ Bk aa<l>a'K&9 iropevofievo^ irapct l^oKar- 
rav a(f}C/ci/€lTai, eh KdKirr}^ Xifiha. E€vo(f>&im Be BiA 
T^9 jieaoyaia^ iropevojikvtp oi iwjreh TrpOKaraOeovre^ 
ipTVYxavovai, wpea^VTai^; iropevo/jL€voi<: ttoi. koI eirel 
fl^6ri<rav wapb, Uevo<l>&VTa, eptOTq, ainov^, el irov 

11 yaOrjvrai aWov aTpaTevfiaTO<: ovro^ ^EKKrfvcKov, oi 
Bk IXeyov irdvra rh yeyevrjfiiva^ Kal pvv on 7roXto/>- 
Kovvrai iirl 7i6<l>ov, oi Bk Qpq.Ke^ irdvte^ TrepuceKUKXa)' 
fjbivoi eUv airrov^, evravda roif^: fikv dvOpdiirov^ roxh 
rov^ i<l>vKaTTev la")(vp&^, oirco^ 7ffep,6ve^ elev oiroi Beoi* 
(TKOTTOv^ Bk KaToarria-a^ aweKe^e tov<; aTparuora^: Kal 

12 eke^ev, "AvBpe^ arpaTi&Tai, r&v ^ApxiiBtov oi fiev 
TeOvaaiv, oi Bk Xoiirol iirl \6<f>ov rivo^ iroTsAopKovvroA,. 
vofii^o) S' eyayye, el eKelvot, diroXovvTa^, ovB* fifiSv elvai, 
ovBefilav acDTfjplav, ovto) fikv iroW&v 6vt(»>v 'jroXefiUov, 

13 ovT(0 Bk reOapprfKOTo^v. Kpdrurrov oiv fipZv &<; rd'yir 
ara fiorfdelv rots dvBpd<nv, oiriof:, el erv eUrl ai^i, ainf 
eKclvoc^ fia')(a>fMe0a Kal fitf fiovoi lsjeiAf>0kuTe^ fi6vo^ Koi 

14 KivBvvewofjLev. vvv fikv oiv aTpaTO'ir€Beva'a>fMe0a irpoeX" 
dovre^ oaov &v Bok^ Kaipo^ elvat eh to Be^rrvowot^t' 
cdai* &)9 S* hv 7rop€va>/i€da, TtfuurlcDP ^odv roi^ 


by Google 

BOOK VI. CHAP. m. 161 

hnreif; irpoeKawira) i<f>op&v rifw, koX (TKOTreLrfo r^ 
IfiTTpoaOev, d)9 firjBkv fifia^ "kdOy, Trap&ireii'^ hk koX 15 
T&v yvfij/ijTtop avOpdmov^ €v^a>vov<; ek ret irXarfia icaX 
ek tA aKpa, 07ra>9, cl irov ri iroOev KoSop^ev, (rrjfiai' 
voi€P • i/ceKeve Se xaUtv airavr.a orq) hmrfxavoiev kov- 
aCfu^' rifiel^ yctp d'lroSpairjfia/ &v d^vBafiol ivdivSe. 
TToXX^ fjL€v yap, etjyrj, ek ^HpaKKeiav irdXiv dirUvcu, 16 
TToXXr) 8k €t9 XpvaoTToXtv BieXOelv oi Sk iroXifiiov 
ifKrjalov eU; KoKirri^ 8k \i>fieva, evOa Xetpiao^ov el- 
Kci^ofiev elvav, el aia-aoTcu, eXa^^/on; 68(y;. dXKh 8rf 
ixeZ fihf ovre ifKoia earcv, oh dTroTrXeva-ov/xeda, pAvovai 
8k avTOv ov8k p,ia^ ruiepa/i eon rh einTri8€ia, r&v Se 17 
TTokcopKOVfiivoDv a7ro\o/t€J/ft)i/ aifv roh X€cpL<r6<f>ov fio- 
voi<$ KaKiov iari 8iaKiv8wevei>v fj T&v8e (r<o0€VTa)v 
irdma/i eh ravrov iXdovra^ Koivy t§9 atoTtjpla^ exe- 
adai. aXKd ^PV 'irapcuTKevaaafikvov^ rfjv yvd>fir}v 
iropeveaOav, &<; vvv fj €v/c\e&^ reKevrriaaL earip ^ 
/caXKioTOV epyov epydaaaOai ''EWrjva^ roaovrov^ 
a-dxravTOf;, koI 6 ^609 ?a'o>9 076* ovTft)9, S9 tov9 /leya- 18 
XrffoprjaavTW!; C09 7r\eov ^povovvra^ Taireiv&a-ac fiov- 
Xerac, rjiia^ 8k tov^ diro ^e&v dp^oiihov^ hnifioTe' 
pov9 eKeiv(ov Karaarriaau ahX eireadac ^xprf xal 
irpoarexeiv tov vovv, ci9 av to irapcuyyeKKofievov 8vvr)' 
aOe iroi,elv. 

TavT ehrii^v ffyelTO, oi 8' hnreh 8ia(r7recp6fjLevoi 19 
i(f> Scop kuXw el^xjev exatop fj i^oBt^op, xal oi TreXra- 
<rral eTnirapiopre'i xard rh aKpa e/caiop Trdpra oca 
KavcTLfia ia>pG}p, xal 17 (rrparcd 8e, et tipv irapaXeciro' 
pipfp ipTvy^dpoiep' ware ircura t] XO)pa aWeadai iSo- 
K€L Kal TO OTpdTev/xa TToXif elpac. eirel Sk &pa fjp, 20 
KaTeoTpaTOTreBevaapTO €7rl X6<f>op eK^dpTe^, Kal Td T€ 
T&p TToXefJLuop TTVpd ccopoDP, diTei'Xpp Sk C09 TCTTapd- 
KOPTa OT&^lov^, KoX avTol (09 i8vpapT0 TrXeiaTa irvpcu 
eKOAOP. eirel 8k eSeiirprjaap T££%*aTa, TraprjyyeKOrj Td 21 


by Google 

162 xenophon's akabasis. 

TTvpd, Karaafiepvuvcu irdvra. xal t^v fih/ vOicra <^u- 

. luiKcL<; TTOirja-dfMevoi ixdOevSov • afia Se tJ vMp^ irpoa" 

ev^dfievoi toI^ ^ol^ Koi awra^dfievov &<; eU fid'xrjp 

22 iiropevovTO ^ ehuvavro Td')(i(rTa. TifiaaUov hk koX oi 
imrel^ ^oine^ Toif<; rffe^va^ koI irpoeKavvovre; iKdih 
davov avToi^ iiri t& \6^^ yevofiepoi,, evda eiroTuop- 
KovvTO oi "EhXrive^. koX ov^ op&atv ovre ^Cktov 
(TTpdrev/ia ovre irdKi/JLiov, koX ravra aTrarfyiXKovat 
7rpo9 rbv Sei/o^Si/ra koI to arpdrevfia, ypaSia Be koI 
yepovTia Kal irpo^ara oKiya xal ^801)9 KaraKeKeipr 

23 fievov^. Kal to fikv irp&TOV l^avfia ffv, tl elq to yerye- 
vrjpAvov, eirecTa Sk xal t&v KaTaKeKetfiiihcav enwBd- 
povTO, OTi, oi fihf OpaK€^ eifOi^ atj) iawipa<$ (Sj(pvT0 
dirvovTe^;, icoOev Bk xal Toif<; ''EKK/qva^ e^Hurav ol'^e- 
aOai,' OTTOV Bi, ov/c elBivac, 

24 Tavra d/cova-airre^ oi d/JL<f)l Uevo^jna, iirel fipC- 
OTfjaav, (rv(r/c€vaa'dfJL€voc eiropevovTO, fiov\6fi€voc c&9 
Td'X^iara avfifu^at toU akXoi^ ei^ KdXin]^ \iiiha, 
Kal iropev6fJL€vot ecopoyv top otI^ov t&v 'ApKoBoDv §eal 
^A')(fu&v KaTh Ttfv iirl Kd\'7r7}9 oSov, iirel Be d^iKomo 
€t9 TO axnOy atTfievol re eTZov oSXriKov^; koX tiairdfymo 

25 &a7r€p oBeXj^v^. koI eTTwOdvovTO oi *Ap/cdB€<; t&v 
TTcpl Sevo<f)&vTa, tI tA irvph fcaTaa^iaeuiv' fniel^ fih/ 
ydp, e^aav, oiofieda vfm^ t^d iihf irp&TOV, iireiBri t^ 
TTvph ov^ etop&fiev, t§9 vvkto^ rj^etv €7rl Toif<; ttoXc- 
filov^* Kal oi TToTUfuot Bi, &^ ye fj^tv iBo/coin/, tovto 
BeuravTe^ dirrjKdov* <r)(eBhv ycip dp^X tovtov top 

2Q')(p6vov diryeaav. eirel Be ov/e d^Uea-de, 6 Be 'xpovo^i 
i^/cev, w6p^0a vfm^ Trvdofievov^ t^ Trap' ^pXv ^firj- 
0evTa<; oi'^eaOai aTroBpavTO^ hrl SdXaTTav Kal iBoKei 
fipZv fJLtf diroXiireadav vp,&v. ovt(o^ ovv KfiL ripbel^i 
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BOOK VI. CHAP. IV. — ^V. 167 

irpo^vXa^c roih: fih/ /eari/cavov rotf^ Bk iBua^av fU'Xpi, 
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Bk €49 TffV oBbv ?IK0V TflV eK T&v KCDfl&V, €V0a CKeiVTO 

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7 ^HSti Bi iripa iieaovtrri^ t^9 fjiikpa^ Trpoarforfovre^ 
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BOOK VI. CHAP. V. 169 

el Sut/Sariov iarl roiovrov ov to vdiro^. xal 6 Sevo- 14 
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l&fjLev irrl to^ avBpa^. ov Bel It* tovtov^, eireX fifia^ 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

170 XENOPHOn's AlUBAflB. 

wdvTOD^ elSov, '^BioD^ Betmnjacu ovB* Sttov tiv MXaxr^ 

22 *Evr€v0€v oi 7^j[y)(arfo\ if^daQai iic^vov^ Kal ovhei^ 
dvriXeye, Kal S9 fffelTOy iraparf^eCka^ Suifialvevv ^ 
Skooto^ irvyxave rod vdwov^ &v • ^arrov yhp aOpoov 
iB6/c€i &v OVT0 irepav yeviadai to arpdrevfjui fj el 
icarct rriv yi<l>vpav, ^ iirl r^ vdrrev ^v, i^e/j/ripvoirro. 

23i7r€l Sk hiA^rfaav, irapicbv iraph, r^y ^>aKarfya eXeyep, 
^AvSp€<$, dvafjLifivriaKeade o<ra<: S^ p^X^^ ^^ '^^^^ ^oZ^ 
o/Aoa-e tovre^ vepi/dj/care teal ola Trdtrxpvaiv oi voXe- 
filojj*: <l>evyovT€9, Kal tovto eworja-aTe, ore eirl toZs 

24 l^vpav<; Trj<$ ^EX7uiSo<$ ia-pAv. aXX eireaOe rjyep.qvv r^ 
^SipaieKel Kal aSXrp\jov<i irapaKcCKelre ovop/urrL fihv 
Tol dvSpeiov ti xal kcCSjov vyv ehrovra Kal iropi^a-avTa 

25/m]pa]v iv oh iOiXev Trapix^i^v iavTov. ravra TTftpe- 
XavpoDv iXjeye Kal djia vKfyqyeiro iirl <f>d7{£Ufyo<s, Kol 
TO^ ireXra^oTcb^ iKaripcoOep iroi^riiTdp^evoL eiropeuovro 
hrl Toi9 iroXep.lov^;. iraprjyyiXXero 8k rd /jbhf Sopara 
iirl Tov he^Lov &p^v ^€tj/, ecus (rrjp^lvoi, t§ adXTrir/yi* 
hreira hk eU Trpoa-jSoXfiv KaOevras eTreo-Oai fid&rjv kcu 
p/rfiha ipop^tp hmKUV. eK tovtov avvOrjp^ irap^jec 
Zevf; (Toynjp, ^HpaicXri^ fiyep^v. ol he TroXep,LQL xnri- 

2Qp>€V0V, vop,l^ovT€<; KaXbv e^e^j/ to x^P^^* ^'^^^ S' 
inrXrialafyv, aXdXd^avTe^ oi ^'EXXrfV€<: ireXraaral eOeov 
eirl Toi)^ iroXep^Cov^ irplv rcva KeXeveiv oi Be iroXip^o^ 
dvrloL &pp/rjaav, ol .9' iinret^ Kal to otJ^? t&v B^v- 

21V&V* Kal TpiirovTO^ Toij<; ireKTO^rrd^* dX}C eirel inrrju- 
rla^ev rj ^Xa/y^ r&v oirXir&v raxv TropevopAmi koX 
dpba fj (rdX'jrby^ i^Oiy^aro Kal eira^^vt^ov koX p^erct 
ravra ^XdXa^ov Kal ap,a rd Bopara Kadleaav, hnavOa 

28 ovKirt iBi^avTO oi iroTiAp^ioi, dXXd e<f>euyov. Kal T^fia- 
al(ov p>€V ^ODV T0V9 imreh e<f>elirero, Kal aTreKrlvuva-av 
oaovairep iBvvavro m oXiyoi ovres. r&v hk iroXefiUov 
TO p^ evdwp^v eif0if<$ Bueairdpri, Ka0* h oi ^EKXrjjve^ 


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BOOK VI. GHAP. V. — VI. 171 

imret^ fja:av, to Si ie^iov, ar€ ov a:^oBpa Su^KOftevov, 
iirl Xo^v avpiarrf. iirel Si elSov oi "EKkrives; inro- 29 
fiivovra^ axnov^y eSoxev paoTov re xal ouuvSw&rarov 
ehac iha4, tjSt) eir avrov^. Trcuavtaavre^ oiv eitdxf^ 
eiriKeifVTO' oi S' ov^ xnrefLetvav* koX hnavda oi ireKr 
TCunaX iSionKov fiexP^ '^^ Se^iov ai Steairdfyq* cariOa- 
vov Sk oXiyot* to jctp iinri,Kov ^^ov irap€i)(€ to r&v 
iroXefiUov iroXif ov. iwel Si eiSov oi ''EXSajve^ to t€30 
^apvafid^ov iinri,Kov eri avP€<rTrfKO<$ /cal tov9 Bidvpoifs 
imrea^ irpo^ tovto awaOpoifyfievov^ teal airo XoiJHW 
T*i/09 KaraSetofihov^ tA yi^6/jb€va, aweipi^Keaav fiij/, 
o/i6)9 Si iSoKCi Kal €7rl toiJtoi^ /t4oi; elva^ oSrco^ Sire^^ 
SvpcuvTO, ©9 fifj T€0apprjK6T€<$ avairavG-cuvTO. axnnor 31 
^dfi€voi Stj 7rop€vovTa4,. hnevdev oi iroXifiLot imrek 
^vyova-v Karcb rov 7rpavov<$ o/to^9 &(nrep inrb iwiriav 
Su^KOfiepov vdiro^ yhp avrov^ inreSi'xeTo* o ovk jfSe- 
aav oi '^E\\r)ve;, aXKct irpoam'eTpd'rrovTO Smicovrei* 
o^i f^hp ^v, iiraveKJdovre^ Si ivOa fj Trpomi avfifioXrf 32 
iryivero (mjadfievoc rpoirai^p diryeaav eirl ^dXarrav 
irepX fjklov Svafid^* ardSioi S* l^aav c&9 i^KOvra iirl 
TO oTparoTreSov, 

^EvrevOev oi /liv TroXifiioi dl'xpv d/juf)l rcb iaxrr&v 6 
KoX aTTifyovTO /cal Tois" oi/eira^ /cal rcb ^xprjiiaTa oirot, 
iSvpavTO TrpoaardTG) • oi Si ^^EXKfjve^ irpoaefievov fikv 
KkiavSpov /caX rh/i rpiJ^pei^ Kal rcb irXola c&9 fj^ovra, 
i^tovre^ 8' i/cdarri^ rilikpa^' aifv T0J9 vTro^vyiot^ /cal 
T0I9 avSpawoSoif; i<l>epovTO dSe&^i wupov^, KptOds, olvop, 
Stnrpia, fieklva^, avKa* diravra yhp drfodh elx'^ ^ 
X^pO' irkriv iXalov, Kal ottotc fiiv Karafih/ov to 2 
arpdrevfia dvaTravSfMevov, i^v iirl Xeiav livai, /cal 
ekdfifiavov oi i^tovre^' oirore Si i^lov irav to arpd- 
revfia, et ti<; %6)/>l9 direhBoav Xd/Soi, ri, Sr)ii6<nov eSo^ev 
elva^. i]^ Si ^v iroXKff irdmcav dAf>dovla* Kal yhp dryo' 3 
pal irdvToOev d^iKPOvPTO ck t&v ^EKSnfivCSaov irSXetov 


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/eaX ol 'rrapa/rrTUovre^ aafiepoi Karqyopro, oucovovre^ &^ 

4 oixl^oiTO 7r<}\^9 Kol TufJ^v eirf. hre^irov Sk koX oi irdKir 
/Mioi Tj&r), 6i ttXtjcIov ^koup, tt/oo? Hei/o^i/ra, okovop- 
Te9, OTt o5to9 voKLfyi TO x^P^^y ipCi)T&VT€<;, o, TC Bioi 
TTOvovvra^; <l>i'Kov^ ehai. 6 S' inreheUwev avrov^ rol^ 

5 arpaTiMTCUs. xal hf rovrtp KxAavSpo<; a^/cvetrat Svo 
rpvripei,^ exfov, irXjoiov 8' ovBh/. irvyxave Sk to arpd- 
revfjui e^io hv ore d(j>iK€TO /cal eirl \elav rivh olxpiieifoi 
oKKot oKKri eh to 6po^, ical etKrji^aav TrpojSara ttoX- 
"Kd* OKVovvre^ Bi, /irf d^HupeOeUv, r^ Ae^lmrtp Xeyou- 
crttff 89 airiSpa rrjv ircpTfjKovropov 1%^^ ^'^ Tpaire- 
^ovPTO^, Kal KcKevovai Suurdxravra avroU rcb irpo/Sara 

6 rh fikv avTov 7uij3eiv, ra Be €r<l>ia-tv diroBovvai,. €v6xf<s 
8' iK€ivo<$ am'e'Kavpei Toi><: irepiearSyra^ r&v oTparuo- 
T&p Kal Xkyovraf;, Sti^ B^fioaui etr], xal r& KKedvBp^ 
eKJBiav 'Xeyei,, ori apird^etv iTrix^ipova-cv, 6 Bk /eeXevei 

7 rbv apird^ovra a/yeiv 7rpo9 abrov. koX 6 fihf 'Kaj3oi>v 
ffyk Twa* irepirxrxj^v 8' ^Af^aala^ dtfxupelrav' koX ycLp 
ijv avT& 6 dryofiepo^ Xo^^/riy?. ol 8' oKKov ol irapovre^ 
T&v OTpariCDT&v hnx^vpovat ^dXXeiv rov Ak^Linrov, 
ava/cdKovvre; rov wpoBorr^v, eBeurav Bk koI t&p rpi/qpu- 
T&v iroXKol /cal S^>€vyov eh r^v l^dXarrav, Kal KXAav- 

8 8po9 8' e^euye. U€voif}&v Bk Kal ol aXKoi, arparqyoX 
KaTeK(o\v6v re Kal r& KKedvBptp eXeyov, on ovBh etvj 
irparffia, oKX^ to Bijfia oItiov etrj to tov orTpaTCv^ 

9 fULTO^ Tavra yepiadac, * Bk KkiavBpo^ inro rot) 
Ae^lmrov re dvepeOi^ofievos Kal auT09 dxO^adek, ot& 
i<f>o/3fld7j, diroifKevaeladai, €<l>rj Kal Kijpv^etv p/qBefilau 
v6Xlv Bk)(ea0ai axrrov^, (»9 iroXefMlov^. ^PX^^ ^^ Ttne 

10 'irdtnoDV t&v ^EXKi^vav ol AaxeBaifiovcoL, hnavOa 
TTOvrjpov TO wpSrffjba iBoKec elvai T049 ^'EXKfjan, Kal 
iBeovTO fjL^ iroieiv Tatha. 6 8' ovk hv oKKco^ e^ 
yevkaOai, el firj Tfc9 eKBd^aei, tov ap^avTa fidWecv koX 

11 TOV d^Tiifievov. ^v Bk hv i^Tei ^Ayaaia^, Bih TeTiov^ 

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<f)i\o^ T^J 1S€Po<f)&PTi* i^ o5 Kal SUjSoKep avrov 6 
Ai^imro^. Kal ivrevOev, iveiS^ airopui ijv, awi^ya- 
yov TO arrpdrev/ia oi apxovre^' Kal hfU)i /ikv avr&v 
irap oKiyov iiroiovvTO rhv KKiavBpov, tw Sk Sei/o- 
^rnvTi ovK iSoKei <f>avXjov elvat to irparffUL, cOOC avor 
<rra^ eke^ev, ^Sl avBp€^ arrpari&TCU, ifwl Bk ov (fuivKov 12 
BoKei elvai to irpar/fia, el fipZv oUtco^ eyfov Ttfv ypwfjuqv 
KXiavBpa: aweiaiv, &(rrr€p Xeje^, elai fikv yctp ijSfi 
ijyif^ ai ^EXXrfvlBe^ 7r6\€t9* t^9 B^ ^EXKdBo<; AaK€- 
Baifiovcoi TrpoecTriKounv' iKavoX Bi eiac Kal eh Ikooto^ 
AaKeBai/iovlav iv rat? iroKeaiv o, tl /SovKovtcu Bu^ 
irpdTTeadai. el oiv aJrco^ irpSyrov phf fjim<; Bv^v-lZ 
Tiov aTTOKXeiaei, eiretTa Bk Toh aXKot^ apfioar-fik 
iraparfieKet eU tA? 7roX€t9 /^^ BiyeaOav c&9 dirKTrovv- 
Ta9 AaKeBcufwvloi^ Kal avofiov^ 6vTa<;, ert Bk Trpo^ 
*Ava^ll3iov TOP vavapypv otno^ 6 "Koyo^: wepl ^fi&v 
^^€C, %aX€7roz/ eaTOi, koI pAveiv Kal anroifKelv* Kal yd^p 
€1/ T§ 7§ apxovai AaKeBatfioviot Kal iv rp SaKaTTH 
TOP vvp xp^^^' ovKovv Bel ovre evo^ dvBpbf; evcKaH 
ovTe Bvolv Tjfia^ Toif^ -aXKov^; ttj^ ^EKKoBo^ dirifxeaOcUy 
oKKh TreuTTeov o, tu &v KeKcvoaai, • Kal yhp ai 7ro\et9 
^fi&v oOev ia/jbkv weWovTat axnoh, irfit) fiep oZv, KciXlb 
yhp oKOVio Ai^imrov \eyeiv irpo^ KkeaifBpov, a»9 oifK 
hv eirolrjaev ^Ayaala^i Tavra, el fit) eyo) axnov eKekev- 
aa, €ja> jihf oiv diroXva) Kal vfia<$ t^9 ahria^; Kol 
^Ayaalav, &v avT09 ^Ayaala^ <t>V^V ^M '^^ tovtodv aX- 
TLOV elvai, Kal KaTaBcKa^co epuvrov, el iyo) irerpoPo- 
\la^ fj oKKov Tivo^ fiialov e^dpxfOy t^9 ea^dTTj^ BIkt)^ 
a^to9 elvai, koL v<f)i^G> Ttfv BIkijv, (jyrjfil Bk Kal et Tiva 16 
aXKov alTiaTat, XP^^^^ eavTov irapaa^elv KXedvBptp 
KpLvav ovToa yhp &v vfieh diroT^Xv/JLevoi Try; ahrla^ 
eirjTe. ©9 Bk vvv ex^h xaXcTToi/, el, olo/ievoc ev Tp 
^EXXdSi Kal enralvov Kal Tifiij^ Tev^eaOai, dvTl Bk tov- 
T(ov ovS' ofioioi To!9 oKKois icofieOa, dKlC elp^ofieOa 
eK T&v 'EXKfjvlBcDV iroKecDV. 

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17 MercL Tovra aucurrh^ elirep ^Aya<ria^, 'JE^yc&, & &ih 
Sp€^, S/jLWfbi «9€o^ Kal fSe^? ^ /JLtjv fii^re fie ^€PO(l>Snn'a 
KcKevaai a^>eKka0ai rbv avBpa fii^TC SXXov vfi&v /mtj- 
Siva* tSopTt Bi fioi avSpa cuyadov arfofievov t&v ifi&v 
Xo^tTwz/ inrb Ae^imrov, hv vfiei<i iTrloToa-de vfia<i Trpo- 
Bovra, Beivbv SSo^ep elv(U* koH, d^ikop/rfv, 6/MoXoy&. 
SkoI vfish fihf 117] ixSAri fie* iy€i> Sk ifiairrov, &<nr€p 
U€vo<f>&v X&yeh irapour^aGH Kplvaim EXedvhptp 5, t& 
&v /3ovKr)Tai iroirjacw tovtov evetca firfve m'dKefielTe 
AaKehufiovLoi^ aay^ocaOi re a(r^X&9 oirot SiXec eicar- 
0T09. avfi'irifiy^re fUvroi fiov vfi&v avr&v iXofievo^ 
7r/>09 KkiavSpov <hti,v€<:, av re iji) irapoKehro), kcu, 
» TiA^ovaiv xrirkp ifiov koL irpd^ovtriv. i/e tovtov SS(0K€p 
f) OTpaTVct o&rrwa? PovKolto irpoeKofievov Uvac 6 Sk 
wpoeikeTO Toif^ orTparrrjyov^, fierce Tavra enropevovTO 
wph^ KsAavhpov ^AyaaUL^ kclL oi OTpaTTffol koI o 

%i a<l>aip€0€h avTip inro ^Aycurtov. xal IXeyov oi oTpor 
Tfffoi, ''ETrefi^^^ev fifia^ fi orpaTih irpo^ <r€, & KkicofSpe, 
Kal ixiXevai ere, ehe Trdirra^ atTta, Kpivcdhd ae avrov 
yprfaOav o, ti &v fiovXrj, etTe Iva Tivct tf Svo fj kolL 
irXelov^ ahia, tovtov^ d^$ov<n irapaa^elv <roc iairroif^ 
et9 Kpiatv. etTe oiv fifi&v Tiva ahia, m'dpecrfikv <ro* 
iQfiet^' etTe xal aWov Tivd', <f>pd(rop* oi^eh ydp <roi 

2] wrrkcTTai, oaris &v fifiiv idiXtf velJdecrBai,. fieTcL Tarha 
jrape\0i>v 6 ^Ayaa-la^ ehrev, 'JSyco elfii, & KXiavS/ye, 
i d^^eKofievo^ Ae^iwirov arfomo^ tovtov tov avhpa msl 

22TraUiv KeKevaa^ Ai^twirov. tovtov fikv ycLp oTBa av- 
Ipa dr/aOov Svra, Ai^tTnrov Bk olSa aipeOhna xnro r^ 
oTpoTia^ apx^iv t^9 irevTfjKOVTOpov §9 'ffTfjadfieOa 
irapib Tpaire^owTloiv i^* cSre TrXoJa avXKeyeiv, c&9 
ato^olfieOa, Kal airohpdvTa Ae^i/tnrov Kal wpohovTa 

23TOU9 OTpaTulyra^, fieO* &v iadOrj, Kal tov9 t€ Tpor 
ve^owTiov^ dm'eoTepiJKafiev t^v TrevTijKSvTopov koX 
KaKol BoKovfiev elvai, Sih tovtov, avTol re to eirl tovt^ 


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om-oKaiKafJkev. i^Kove ydp, Aairep ^fieU, w iiropov ehj 
irelSg artnovra^ Toi)^ Trorafiov^: re Biafirjva^ koX atodrjivcn 
€19 riiv ^EhXS£a. tovtop oiv roiovrov ovra d^CKo- 
fjurfv. el Bk ah ^€9 ^ aXXo9 tw t&v iraph aov, #cal24 
fii) T&v irap fifi&v diroBpdvroDV, eS taOt ori oi^hf hv 
Tovrav iTTohfa-cu vofii^e S*, iikv ifik vuv ajro/crelvff^, 
&' avSpa B€ik6v re /edl wovrjpbv dvSpa dfyaJOov diror 

^Akowom ravra 6 KXiavSpo^ ehrev, on Ai^iwirov 25 
fbh^ ovK hrcuvohei, el ravra irewoi/rj/ci)^ elri* ov fihroi, 
eifyq vofii^eof ovB* el ^a/iTtovrfpo^ ^v Ai^iTnro^ fiiav 
'Xp^voA, irdaxe^v avrop, dWd KptOevra, wawep Kal 
v/iei^ vvp d^iovre, rij^ Bi/etj^ rxr)(etv. vvp /nh/ oSi/26 
amre KaraXarovre^ rovSe rov dvBpa' Srav S' iyob 
KeXevaroD, irdpecrre irpo^ rifv icploii^. alri&fjuu Bk oire 
rr)v oTparidv oiire dXKov ovBkva h'i>, hrei ye o5to9 av- 
T09 ofioXoyei d^Xiaffa^ rbv avBpa, 6 Bk dxfHiipedeh 27 
elirev, ^Eym, & KkeavBpe, el Kal otei fie oBixovprd rv 
arfe<r0a4,y ovre eircuov ovBeva oiire e/SdXXov, aXX' ehrop, 
ort Btf/ioa-ui etrj rd irpo^ara* fjv ydp r&v arparuor&v 
Boyfia, et ri9, O'jrSre fi arparid e^lot, IBla 7</r)i^ovro, 
B7)fjL6<na elvac rd \rj<f>Oivra. ravra ehrov* €k rovrov2B 
fie Xaficbv o5to9 fjyep, Xva fiif if>0erf^oiro fj/rfiek, aXV 
auT09 Xa^o}v ro fUpo^ Buuraxreie Tot9 XyoTatf; irapd 
ri)v ptfrpav rd 'Xprffiara. Trph^ ravra 6 EXiavBpo^ 
ehrev, ^EttcI roivw roiovrov el, Kardfieve, Xva xal wepl 
<rov jSovXevadfieOa^ 

^Ek rovrov ol fihf dfii\>l KXiavBpov rjplartov* r^v29 
Bk crrpartdv awifya/ye Uevoifmv Kal owefiovXeve irifi- 
y^i dvBpa<i 7rpo<; KkeavBpov 7rapaLr7)<rofiivoxj<; rrepl 
r&v dvBp&v. CK rovrov eBo^ev avrol^ irifi'^^avra^ 30 
arpanjyoit^ Kal 'Koxo^ov<: Kal dpaKovriov rov X'Trap- 
ridrrfv Kal r&v aXXcav ot iBoKOW hnr'qBeioi elva4, BeZ- 
aOat, KXedvBpov Kard rrdvra rp&irov d^ivod, ra> dvBpe. 


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31 iXj0a>v oiv 6 B€vo^&v \eyet, "Ex^^ /^> & KKiavSpCj 
T0V9 avSpa^, /cai tj crrpaTLa aoi v<f)e2T0, o, rt ifiovXov 
7rovrj<rai Kal irepl Tovrtav koX irepl kam&v airdmoav* 
vvv he (T€ alrovvrav koI Biovrai Boupal aifycfrt ro) avSpe 
Kol fiff KaraKaivew iroWib yap iv r^ €/JL7rpo<r0€v 

32 j(p6pq} irepl rffv OTparccbv €fiO')(j9rjadTi]v. ravra Se 
aov T\rxpvTe<i inrurxvovvral <roi dvrl rovroDVtijv /3ov\p 
Tjyetadai, ain&v icdX fpf oi iJeol tXeqy &<riv, iwiSei^iv 
(Toi, Koi C09 Koa/Mcol eUri koX c&9 iKavoX t& dp^ovn irei- 
66/Jb€P0t T0U9 7ro\efiioxj<; airv roh ^eol^ firj if>o^e%a0a4^ 

33 heovTcu, he aov koX tovto, Trapa/yepo/ievov koX dp^avra 
eavr&v irelpav Xa^etv xal Ae^Lmrov koX a^&v r&v 
dXXav olo<: e/ca<rro9 icrrc, icaX rrjv d^lav eKdaroi,^ velfiac* 

34 d/couo-a9 ravra 6 K\€avhpo<:, ^AXKd val to) (tim, etjyrj, 
Tayy rov v/uv diroKf^vovfiai. koX t(o re dvhpe vplof 
h(ha>fit Kol avTo^ irapiaofuu* koX f}v oi ^eol Trapahi- 
h&aiv, i^rjyrjaofun, eU Ttiv ^EXKdZa. koX iroXh oi 
\6yoi ovTOi dvTioc elalv fj oh^ eyo) irepl vfi&v hfi&v 
ijKovov, (09 TO OTpdrevfia d(j>la-TaT€ arrro AoKehai' 

35 'JE/c rovrov oi fiev iiraivovvTe^^ dirrjXdov, expine^ 
Ta> dvhpe* KXeaphpo^ hk iBvero iirl rfj wopeia kqX 
^WTJv Uevo^VTi ffiOuKm teal ^eviav ^we^oKovro. 
hrel he ical ea>pa avroi)^ to TraparfyeXKojievov eirrdKra}^ 
woiovvTOf;, Kal fiSXKov ctl iireOv/JLec ffyep^v yeveaOob 

3QavT&v. iwel /levTOi Svofjuivq) avT& eirl TpeU fipApa/^ 
ov/c eyiyi/eTO rd iepd, ovyKdXeaa^; tov9 <rrpaT7iyoif^ 
eVireVy ^EpLol fiev ovk ereKeaOri Td iepd i^dryeiv vfiei^f 
fievTov fjLTf dOvfieiTe tovtov evexa* vpZv ydp, co9 eo*/ic€, 
hehoTO^ eKKOfxlaai, Toin; dvhpa^ • oKKd iropeveaOe. Tjfie'vi 
hk vfid<;, hret^dv ifcelae ^KrjTe, he^ofieda w &v hvp&h 
fieOa KaKKioTO^ % 

37 'JE/c TOVTOV iho^e T0t9 arpaTidlnaL^ hovvav airr^ rd 
h^fioaub vpofiaTa* 6 hk he^dfievos itoKlv avToli dir^ 

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BOOK Vn. OHAP. I. 1Y7 

&»/«£• Kal o5to^ fihf airhrkeu oi Bk aTpari&T(U ZuMjOi- 
^jLOfOL rov airoVi hv ^a-av ovyKe/cofucfUvoi, /cal rSXXa, 
h etkq<i>€aavy i^eiropevovro SiJt r&v BiOw&v. hrel Bk 38 
ovBevl hfknrxpv iropevoiiepoi rifv opOijv oSop, Scrre ^ou- 
ri? TC €19 Ttfv <f)vKuaf Sie^sXSetv, SSo^ev avro'k rovfir 
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^Oaa phf Bt} ip ry ava/Sda-ei t§ fierk Kvpov 1 
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70V9 T&v aTpaTuan&v eh Bv^dvriov, Kal inrurxyelro, 
el Buifiaiev, fLur6o<f)opitv eaeadeu rot<$ arpaTUOTais* 
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reaOa^. 1^ oiv ravra irotr^aeiv. 


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Digitized b 


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aofievov, iireiSdv S' Ifoi yivrjTai rb arpdrevfia, T&re 
dirdXKdTTeo'Ocu. Taxna toIvw, Sijyrj 6 S€P0(f>&v, eXBov- 

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Tqv Ta')(l(rrr\v aweaKevaa/jUvov^, Kal irpoaavevrreZv, 89 
&v fiff irap^ ek ttjv e^ira/Tiv Kal els rbv dptOfiSv, oti 

12 ainb^; avrbv alTidaerai, imevdev e^rjeaav 61 re OTpor 
TTjyol irp&Tot KoX ol SXKoi,. Kal apSrjv irdirre^ irX^v 
oKlrfCDV i^oD ^<rav, Kal ^EreoviKO^; elaTrjKec irapd rds 
7ri5\a9 (09, OTTOTe i^(o yivoiVTO wdme^;, (nrficKeUTav tA9 

XZirvKofi KoX rbv fiox^bv ififiaX&v. 6 Si ^Ava^ifiio^ 


by Google 

BOOK yn. OHAP. I. 179 

ovyKoKia-a^ roif^ arparriyoi^ teal roi^ X(y)(<v)foi^ SKe^, 
TiL fi€P einnqheut^ itfnf, "Kafifidi/ere ix r&v BpqKioav 
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poinja-ov, €K€t Sk KwUtkos vfuv fiurffoSon^aei. iira-H 
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GTparvffoi hrwQ&ifovTo irepi rod SevOov, worepa iroKe- 
fiios elrj fi if>C\j0Sf kclL jrorepa Bi^ rov lepov 6povs Bioi 
wopevecdcu ^ /cvkXap Bt^ iU(rqs 7179 Qpaicqs* iv ^ Sel5 
ravra SieTJyovTO oi aTparurrcu dvapirdaavTes tA 
OTrXa Movai BpSfi^ irpos rd^ irvXas ©9 'JrdTuv els ri 
rel^os euriSmes^ 6 Sk ^Ereovixos fcal ol ai>p avr^ <&9 
etBov irpoadiovras tovs OTrXiras, avyKXeiova-i rds irxh 
\a9 KaX Tov fuyxXov ififidXKova^v. ol Sk arpaTurrai 16 
eKoirrSv re rds ityKa^ icaX eXeyop Srt aZiKoyrara wd- 
(Txpiev €fcfiaKK6/Jb€Pov els toifS iro'kefilovs * fcat Karcurxl- 
aeiv T^s 'irvKas ecjycurav, el fifj e/covres dvol^ova-iv. 
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TOV reixpvs inrepfialvovaiv els t^jp ttSTuv, aWoo Sk ot 
ervyxavov evSov Svres r&v orparuiyr&V, ws opwav rd 
iirl rals irvXais irpdr/fiara, SuL/coirTovres rats dl^C- 
vavs rd tcXeWpa dvaTrerawvovai, rds 'nvXas, ol S' 

*0 Sk Uevo^&v &s elSe rd yt/yvo/ieva, Selaas, fiff IS 
€<!> dpira^v rpdiroLTO to (rrpdtevfia koI di^/ceara 
Kcucd fyivoiTO t§ iroKeo xal eavT^ xal toIs orpaTuiTCUS, 
eOei /cal aweunrhrrei eta-CD t&v mK&v ainf tS ^X^* 
01 Bh BvXdvTioi cl>s elBov to trrpdrevfia fiia elovrtirTov, 19 
<l>evyovaiv ex ttjs dryopaSf ol fikv els Td irXota, ol Bk 
atxaBe, oaov Bk evBov iTirfXjnLvov oirres Ifcn) eOeov, ol Bk 
KoOeVkKov Tds Tpii^pevs, d)s ev tcus Tpvijpeav ad^oiVTO, 
irdmes Bi wovto diro'koiiXjhai &s eaXoD/cvias 7179 tto- 
\e<os. 6 Bk ^ETeoviKOs els t^v d/cpav dTro^e&yei. 6 Be 20 


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^Ava^lfiixy; KaraBpa/ioDv iirl ^dXarrav iv akcevTiK^ 
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iBoKoxw elvai ol iv ry aKpoiroTy^i, (r)(elv tov^ avBpa<:. 

21 ol Sk oTpari&TCU c&9 elBov top S€vo<f}&VTa, irpooTri- 
TTTova-iv avT^ iroXKol zeal Xeryovai, Nvv aot ef ecrrtv, & 
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e^€t9 'XpTjfiara, e^^et? avBpm roaovrov^. vvv av, el 
8ov\oio, av re rum^i ovqaai^i koI rifieh (re fieyav iroiij' 

22 aaifiev. 6 8* aTrexplvaTO, *A\X ev re Xiyere xal 
iroirjaoi ravra* el Sk tovtcdv iircOvfielTe, l^aOe tA 
oirXa iv rd^ei ©9 Td')(yn'a • fiov\6/jL€vo<; avToif<; Karrfpe" 
fiUrai,' KaX avro? re iraprfy^ia ravra koI roif^ aXKou^ 

23 ixiKeve irapeffyvav teal rldeaOai, riu oirXa. ol Bk avrol 
v<l> iavT&p raTTOfJbevoc 01 re OTrXirai iv oK(rf(p Xpov(^ 
eh o/cTO) eyivovTo koI ol ireXraaToX iirl to Kepa'i ixd- 

2iTepov irapaBeBpafiriKeaav, to Sk 'Xl^piov olov koXXi- 
OTOV iKTo^aaOal iairv to Opaxtov /cakovfievov, eprjfiov 
oIki&v K<d ireBivov. iirei Be e/cetTO tA oirXa xal KaT^f- 
pefiiadriaav, avy/cdkel Uevo<l>&v Tr^v oTpaTicLV koX Xeyet 

25TaSe. "Ot6 /x€i/ opyi^eaOe, & avBpe^ orpaTC&Tai, /col 
vofii^eTe Beivh irda")(ei,v i^aTraTay/juevoi ou Savfid^a}» 
ijv Bk Tw .Sv/^ 'xapi^d>fi€0a ical AaKeBaifiovlov^ re tow; 
irapovTa^ t^9 i^a7rdTi]<i TCfi(oprfaa>fi€0a xal tt^v iroKiv 
TTfv ovBev ahiav SiapTrdacofiev, ivOvfieZaOe & ecrrcu 

26 ivTCvdev, irdkefbioi fiev ia6p,e6a diroBeBei^p.evoi Acuce- 
Baifiovloi^i Kol Toh avfifid'xpt^' oto<: S' 6 iroKe/io^ &v 
yevocTO elxd^ew Br) TrdpeoTiv, ecopaKOTa^: koI dvafivr)- 

27 aOevTa^ tA vvv Brj fyeyevrjfiiva. ripsh yap ol ^AOrjvaloi 
7]K0o/j,€v eh Tov TToXjefiov tov irpo^ AaKeBavjiovlov^i koX 
Toi)^ avfifjbdxov^ expvTe^ Tpirfpei,^ tA? fiev iv SdKdTTff 
tA? S' iv T0t9 vecDploi^ ovK eKdTTOV<: Tptaxoalfov, 
vTrapxovTCDv Bk iroXK&v 'XprilidTfov ev t§ iroKei koX 
wpoaoBov ov<T7f^ KOT ivuiVTov airo re r&v ipSiifbcov koX 


by Google 

BOOK yn. GHAP. I. 181 

iK 7^9 inrepoplas ov fietov x^^^ roKdirrcDV apxopres 
S^ T&v v^atav airaa&v ical ev re ry ^Aala ttoXKM 
expvT&; iroXei^ xal cv r^ Evpayn"p aXKas re iroWM 
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T&v dpxaifov ovfifJLdxci>v inrapxpvTCDV, ^A0fjvaia)v Sk tcaX 
oaoi, iKcivot^i Tore Ijaav avfMfiaxoi irdvTCDv irpotryeyevri- 
fUvcjv, Tvaaa(f}ipvov<i Sk koX r&v iirl SaXjiTTji aKKa>v 
fiapfidptov TrdvTcov iroKefkUov ripiv ovTtav, iroKefiUDTd- 
Tov Se avTOv tov av(D ^aaCKeo)^, ov i]\0ofjb€v dxfnitpij- 
aofievoi tc ttjv dp^^v /cal d7roKT€vovvT€<$, el BvvalfieOa, 
TovTcav hri Trdvrcov ofiov 6vt<ov earv rt? ovtox; a<l>pciv, 
oairi<: oierat &v fifia^ irepiyeviadat ; firj irpo^i Se&v 29 
fjbaiva>fi€0a ^rjB* aia^pw diro'KMiieOa Tro7\Ap,ioL ovt€<: 
teal ToZ? iraTplai /cal to*? ij/^repot? avr&v (j>CXjoi,^ re 
KoX oiKeloc^i. iv yd^p Tal<: TroXealv elai Trai/re? Tok 
€(j> riiia^ aTpaT6vao/Jb€vat<i, Kal Stxaito^, ei fidpfiapov 
fiev irokvv ovBcfiiav rideKqaafiev KaToayuVt koX Tavra 
KpaTovvT€<i, 'ETCKrfvlBa Se eh fjv irptoTrjv irokiv rjkOo- 
fiev, TavT7}v i^aTuLird^ofiev. iyo) fiev toIwv eirxpfuuZO 
TTplv Taxha iiriBetv v^ vfi&v yevofjueva fivpla^ ifii ye 
Karh y^9 6pyvia<: yeveaOai. /cat v/uv Se avfjb^ovkevo} 
"EXkrjva^ ovTWi toI<; t&v 'EW^v(ov irpoearriKoai, irei- 
Sofjbivov^ ireipdaOat t&v Sixaicov Tvyxdveiv. ehv Si 
fitf SvvTjaOe TavTa, rifia^ Sel dSiKovfiivov<i t^? yovv 
^EWdSo^ fifj aripeaOai. /cal vvv ^ov SoKei 7r€fiy^avTa<: 31 
*Ava^i^l<p ehrelVf otl rjp^h ovSev filaiov iroL'qaovTe^ 
irapeXrjKvOafiev eh t^v irokiv, aW* ffv fiev SvvdfJueOa 
Trap* vfi&v drfaffov tl evpiaKeaOat,, el Sk fitj, oKKd Srj- 
XcoaovTe*;, oti, ovk e^airaToop^evot, oKKii 7r€L06fievoi 

TavTa eSo^e, /cal iri/JbTrovacv 'lepdvv/iov t€ ^HXetov 32 
ipovvTa TavTa /cal EvpvKoxov ^ApKoSa /cal iCKriai^v 
*Ax€u6v, oi /Jbh ravra ^ovro ipovvre^. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


33 "Etc Sk KadrnUvcav t&p oTparudr&v 7rpo<ripj(eTai 
KmpardBrjs Orjfiatos, S9 ov ^etJ^ow rifv ^EXKdSa ire- 
ptyeti dXX^ arparrffLSw Kal i7r(vyy€7CK6fi€vo<:, et tl<: fj 
iroKi^ tj i0vo<: oTpaiY/ov Sioiro* koI rire TrpoaeTiScjp 
iXeyeu ore iroLfJLo^ elrf ^eiaOai avroi^ ek to 'Aikra 
KoKovfi^evov TTj^ 0/>a/ci79, hf&a iroKKib Kal atfoOib Xif- 
'^iVTo* €(JT€ 8' &v fioKGixriP, €49 oipdovuiv 7rapi^€cp 

34 1^ Kal atTla xal iroTd. axovovat Tavra toI<: aTpa- 
TM&Tat9 Kal Til, irapiu ^Apa^tfiiov &/JUi aTra^eXXo/jLepa* 
aTTCKplpaTo fyitp otv w€L0ofihoi^ avTot<: ov fierafieXijaei, 
aXKcb Tof? re otKOL Tikeac Taxha dira^eKeX Kal avTO^ 

35 fiovKevaoiTO irepl avT&p o, to SvpacTo drfadop* €k tov- 
Tov oi oTpaTi&Tao t6p t€ KovpaTdBrfp he)(ppTai, oTpor 
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avPTi0€ta4 avToSs eh t^jp vdT€paiap iraplaeadai iirl to 
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6 KoipaToSr^f: iihf ^cdp tcL iepela Kal top fidpTCP ^xe 
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SoDP eh dpTjp oaop iSvpaTo fi&fvaTOP <f>opTU)P xaX aXKo^ 
xpofi/jLvcDP, TavTa Sk xaTaOifiepo^ ©9 eirl Sda-p^vaip 

38 eOvero. Bepo^&p Be /leTa'trefjuy^dfiepo^ EXeapBpop exe- 
Xeve ButTTpa^ai, ottq)? eh to Tevxp^ t€ elaeKdoc xal 

39 aTTOTrXewa^ ex Bv^optLov, i\0o)P S' o KXiapSpo^, 
MdXa fioKt^, €<f>i], Sui7rpa^dfJL€Po<: fixto* Xiyecp yhp 
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Ta^ irkrjalop elpai, tov Tei^xov^^ Uepo^&pra B^ ipBop* 
Toif<; Bv^apTiov<: Be ara^aid^eip xal iroprjpoi^ elpai 7rpb<: 
aXXi/Xoi;?* o/lm»9 Bk el(Tcipai, e^, exiXevep, el pAXKoi^ 

AOaifp avT^ exirXjelp, 6 fihf Brj Uepo^&p dcnraadiJLepo^ 
Toif^ orpaTicoTaf: et(r<o tov Tel^ov^ dir^ec avp KKedpSp^» 


by Google 

Boc^ vn. cscAP. I.— n. 183 

o 8k KotpardSrf^ t§ fih irptirg Vf^P^ ^^^ i/eaXKxipei 
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paTd8ff<: iaT€<l>avG)fjuevo<$ (09 l^vcaw* irpoa-eXjOinf Si 
Tifiaaicov 6 AapiSavexf<i Kal Ni<ov 6 ^Aaivato^ kclL 
KXedvfop 6 ^Op^opAvio^ iXeyov KoipardStf p^ Sveiv, 
<&9 ovx 'fff'iaop^evov r^ arparia, ei p,^ Sdxreo tA iircnf- 
Seut. 6 Si KeKevei, StaperpelaOai. iirel Bi ttoW&vH 
ipiSei avTtp &aT€ fipApci^ alrov eKdcrrtp yeviadcu r&v 
arparcoDT&v, avaKafioov riu lepela diryev koX rijv arpar 
rrffiav direiTrdv. 

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^i\i^<no<; 6 ^A')(aib<: /cal UavOcKkfj^ 6 ^A^aio^ teal TtpLo- 
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rod OTpaTevparo^; ' Tip^taltov Si irpovdvp^lro irepav 
eh Tfiv ^Aaiav irdTuv Sui^rjvai, ol6p,€vo^ &v otKoZe 
Karekdelv, Kal oi oTparv&ra^ ravrcb i/SovXovro, Sia- 3 
rpifiopAvov Si rod /xpovov *jroXKol r&v arpariar&v, oi 
piy ret OTrXa aTroScSop^evoc Kara rov<: ')((i)pov^ direTfkeov 
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i^cupe ravra aKowov, Siaff>6evp6p,evov ro a-rpdrevp^i* 
rovrmv yetp yi/yvopAvav ^ro p^dXurra "xapl^eaOat 

^ArroTrXiovrv Si ^Ava^cfil^ eK Bv^avriov avvavra 5 
*Aplarapxo^ ev Kv^Uq) SidSoxo^ KKedvSp<p Bv^avrlov 
appMOTqs* eK&fero Se, ore Kal vavapxo^ SvdZoxo^ 
HSfkof; oaov ov rrapehfi riSri ek ^EKKrjcrrovrov. koX 6 


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^Ava^lfico^ T^ fihf ^ApurTdpx<p hnariKKei oiroaov^ 
' hv eUpoc iv Bv^avrUp r&v Kvpou arpaTUOT&v inroXe' 
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7i\6e Td')(i(TTai ovk ekaTTOV^ rerpoKoaUov atriSoro. 

7 ^Ava^l^to^ Sk irapaifKjEVda^ eh Ildpiov irkfiirei irnpiL 
fapvdfia^ov Kork rcb avyKelpsva. 6 8' iwel yaOero 
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^Ava^lfiiov ovK€Ti vavapxovvTO, ^Ava^ifilov fihf rifie- 
XTjae, irpo<: ^ApUrrapx^v Bk Bieirpdrrero tA avrit irepL 
Tov Kvpeiov oTparevfiaTo^, airep koIX irpos ^Ava^ifiiop. 

8 *Ek tovtov 6 ^Ava^lfiio^ KoKiaa^ UeiHxfmvra 
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oTpdrevfia c&9 rd^x^icrra, tcaX avvix^tv re avro koX 
awaOpol^ecv t&v Stetnrapfiivtov <09 &v TfXjeUrrov^ Bupij- 
Tcu, Kal iraparfarf6vra ek rtjv IlipivBop Bcafiil3d^€iv 
ek rffv ^Aalav ort rd'^urra* koI BlBaxrip airtp rpior 
K6vTopov Kal iTnoTciKrjv Kal avBpa avprniiiirei K^hjev- 
aovra tov9 HepLvOlov^ ea? Ta;^*<rTa Sepo^fmvra irpO' 

9 irijJA^ai T0J9 imroL^ iirl to (rrpdrevfia. koX 6 fiev 
Uepoifi&v BiairXeva'a^ d^CKveiTai eirl to orpdTevfia^ 
ol Bh arpaTiSrrah iBi^a^mo '^Sia>^ Kal evOv^ ehrovTO 
aapsvoi, m Sutfirjcojjievoi €k ttjs 0/>f /W79 efc rt^v 

10 'O 8^ SevOfj^ oKova-a^: ^Kovra TrdKvv iripA^xi^ irpo^ 
axnov Karh ^oKarTav MrjBoadBrjv iBeiTo t^p arpajiiti^ 
aryecv irpb^ iatnov, inrur'xyovfiepo^; avT^, o, rt ^ero 
Xeycjv ireUreiv. S* aTreKplvaro avr^, oTi oifBkp clop 

11 T€ elfj tovt<ov yeviaOac. koI 6 p,h Tama oKova-a^ 
^€T0. ol Bk ''EX\i7F€9 eTrel d^iiKovTo ek IlipipOop, 
Nia)P fjbkp drn'oairdaa^ eoTpaTOTreBeviraTO x^P^ ^^v 
C09 OKTa4coa'lov<; dp0p<o7rov^* to S* oKKo arpdTevfJua 
TT&p ip T^ avT^ irapiL to t€J%09 to Tlepivdlc^p ^. 


by Google 

BOOK yn. 0HAP« n. 185 

Meri^ ravra Hei/o^aii/ /jbh hrparre irepl irXoU^v, 12 
Siraf^ on rdxi^ora SiafiaSev. iv Bk tovt^ a^ucofieva^ 
^ApiaTafyxp<: 6 ck Bv^avriov apfuxm]^, e)(a>v Bvo rptif- 
p€i<;, TreireurpAvo^ inro iapva^dfyv T049 t€ vavKXijpoi^ 
direlire fi^ Staryew ikda>v re hrl to arpdrevfia rok 
OTparuSyraL^ ehre fiff TrepcuovcOai el^ rijv ^Aalav. 6 Bk 13 
Uevoil>&p eKeyev, ort ^Ava^ifiio^ i/ci7^£vae koI i/Jbk irpb^ 
TovTo eirepA^ev iuddBe, irdXiv S' ^ApUnapx^^ iKe^ev, 
^Ava^C^Lo^i fiev rolvw ovKeri vavap^o^, iya> Bk r^Be 
dpfiooTi]^' el Be riva vfi&v Xrjfy^fiai, iv ry SaKdrrtf, 
KOTaBvaa), Tavr ehriav ^ero ei^ to reixo^* t§ S'l4 
varepaia fieraTrifj/rrerav rov^ arparrffoif^ koX Xo^ct- 
70U9 Tov OTparevfiaTO^. ^&7 Be Bvtcdv irpos r^ reix/si 
i^iVfyeXXei Tt<: rm U€VO<I}&vtc, on, el etaeun, (ryXXr)- 
^ija-erai koX ^ avrov tv ireUrerai, rf koX iapvafid^<p 
irapaZoOtjiTercu. 6 Bk dKovaa<: ravra tov9 /a^ irpo- 
irejj/irerai, auro? Bk elirev ort, Svaal ri fiovXoiro. koX 15 
direSJdibv iOvero, el irapelev avr^ oi ^eol ireipSbada^, 
irpo<s Sevdffv a/yecv to arpdrevfia. . edpa ycip ovre Bia- 
fialvetp a<7^X^9 Bv Tptfjpei^ ej(pvTO<i tov KtoKvaovro^, 
ovT hrl Xeppoinjaop eKJBmf /caTaKKeur0rjva^ efiovKero 
icaX TO aTpdrevfia iv iroWp anrdvei irdrntov yeveaOa^, 
€V0a irelOeaOac fiev avdryicq tS CKet dpfioar^, t&v Bk 
eTTCTfjBeicov ovBkv ejJ^eWev e^eiv to aTpdrevfia. 

EjoX 6 fihf dfKJ)! Tavr el')(ev* oi Bk aTpaTrjyol xall^ 
"Koxor/ol 7JK0VT€<i irapd tov *Apurrdpj(pv aTnjyyeWov, 
oTt vvv /Jb€P aTTtivav o-^a9 Kekevei,, 7179 BelXrj^; Bk rjxeiv 
ivOa xal BrjKri fiaXKov eBoxet 17 iin,fiov\rj, 6 oxnfVt 
Scvoijmv, iirel iBoxec tcL iepiu KoKit, elvat airr^ xal t^ 
crrpaTevfjLaTt, d<r^Xc!)9 irpo^; ScvBrjv livat, irapaXaficbv 
UoXvKpaTTjv TOV *A07fvcuov \oxoyov Kol irapcb t&v 
(TTpaTrjy&v exdarov dvBpa, ir\rjv iraph Nicovo^, ^ 
iKooTo^ iirlarevev, ^^eTo t^9 wkt6<: iirl to S^vOov 
arpdrev/Ma e^icovTa ordBui. iirel S' ^77V9 ^a-av airrov, 18 

, Digitized by VaOO^lC 


iinrtrfxavev irvpots ifyrjiiot^, kclL rh phf 'irp&rov ^ero 
fjberaKexwprj/civav iroi rbv SevOrjv iTrel Sk l^opvfiov t* 
^crffero xal arj/MUVOvroav aKKi]Xot^ t&v irepX Scvfftjp, 
Kari/iaOev, Stc tovtov evexa rb, mvffh Kexavfihfa etrj 
r& ^€v6ri irpo r&v wtCT0^vk6xei>v, oino^ oi jihf ^vKaice^ 
fjbrj op^vTo iv T^ a/coTCt 6vt€^ fjui^re oiroaoi, fi'qre ottov 
eUp, oi hk irpoai6vT€^ fjitf XavOdvotep, aXXcL Sict, to ^ce>9 

19 /caroffHiveX^ etev eirel Se ^adero, irpoiripjirei, rbv epfirj- 
via, ov irv^'XP'Vev ex^ov, /cal ehrelv KcKevev SevOtf, ori, 
Uepoijmv m'dpeaTL fiovKofievo^ avyyeviaOcu ainA. oi 
Sk ijpovTO, el 6 *A0f)paio^ 6 airo rov OTparevfjuiTO^. 

20 eTreiSrf Bk €<fyi] oJiro^ elvav dvairqhriaavre^ iSi<oKov * teat 
oKlr/ov varepov Traprjaav TreXraaral oaov Suifcoato^ 
Kal 7rapa\afi6pT€<; Xevo^vra Kal rov^ airv avroy ^ov 

2l7rp09 Sevdrjv. 6 S* Ijv iv rvpaci fiaXa if>v7i4iTT6fi€V0S» 
Kal hnrov irepl ainifv KvicKtp iyKexoKvvmfievou 8t^ yhp 
rov ^fiov rb,^ fikv vjpApa^ i^t^jov TOXf<i umrov^, rh^ hk 

22 vvfCTa<: iyKexa\iva)fiivo(^ i(j}v\drT€TO. eXiyero ybp 
Kal irpoaOev Trjpri^ 6 tovtov 7rp6yovo<i iv Tavvp t§ 
X^P^ fToXif exG>v orpdTev/Jui xnro tovt<ov t&v dvSp&v 
TToXXo^ diro7Uaa4, kclL r^ a'K€vo<f>6pa cuJHupeOrjvai* 
fl<Tav 8 ' oJnoi 0t/vol, iravToyv 7i£y6fi€voc elvac jiid7u<rra 
WKTo^ iro'KefiLKmTaTOi, 

23 'jEttcI S' irffif^ ^O'av, iKikeva-ev ela-ekOetv Uevo- 
(fy&vra ^xovTa Bvo, 0&9 fiovkocTO. iireiS^ Sh evSov 
^aav, f^airdfyvTo fikv irp&Tov aXXri;Xot/9 kclL Karh top 
QpaKVOv vofiov KepaTa oXvov irpoinrwov iraprjv Bk teal 
Mffioa-aJBr)^ to3 Sevdy, oawep iirpiajSevev airrm irdv- 

24 TO<r€. cTrecTa Sh U€vo<l>&v ^px^o X&yeiv, "JSTrc/t^ro^ 
7rpo9 ifii, & SevOrj, et? KxiKx;qS6va wp&TOV MffSoa-dSrjv 
TOVTOvi, Seofievo^ fiov <rvfi7rpo0vfirj6ijvaL Sui/3r]va4 to 
OTpdTevfJba iK Trj<i *A(ria<$, Kal vTriaryyoviievo^; fioi, ei 
TavTa TTpd^aiffJit,, eZ iroirjaebv, <&9 €^ Mi;&Mrc£&79 o^ 

25 T09i TavTa eliriav iirripero tov MffSoadSfiv, el aSai$ri 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

B003t vn. CHAP. n. 187 

€ya> SU^v 7td\iv iirl to arpdrevfjLa ix Ilaplov, {nrir 
<rxyovfJL€vo^, el wyoifu rb arpdrevfia Trp6^ ak^ riXKA ri 
{T€ ^iX/p fioi *)(pri<recrd(u $eaX aSeX^ koL rh hr\ ^cCKdrrrf 
lioi, Xfoplot &v aif Kparek, SaeaOai iraph aov* hrl26 
TovTois iraXiv hrfipero rov Mffioa-dBrjiVt el iXeye ravra. 
6 Sk owi<l)rf Kal ravra. "IBi vw, €<j)rf, affy^yrfccu toiJ- 
Ttp, tI (Tou aTrcKpivdfJurjv hf SjoiXyrihovi, irpSnov. ^Aire- 27 
Kpivw, oTi TO OTpdTev/JLa Stafi'^aoiTo ek Bv^dvTiop ical 
ovShf TOVTOV €P€Ka Bioi TcKeip oirre aol oUtc oXX^* 
auT09 Se, errel Stafiatfjs, dirihai €(fyrja'0a* koX iyivero 
ovTCDS &(Ar€p <n) eXeye;, Tl yibp iXeyov, S(fnf, St€ KaTiL28 
Sriku^plav cu^Ikov ; Ovk et^niaOa otov re elvac, dXK* 
€& Ilepivdov iK06vTa<; Siafialveiv ek t^p *Aalap. Nvp 29 
Toipvp, €^ Uepo^&p, trdpei^fu koX ir/a> Kal oirros 
ipvpliTKo^ eh T&p OTpaTijy&p teal IIoXv/cpdTf)^ oSto^ 
eh T&p XjoxarfSiP, koX Ifo) eUrlp diro t&p oTpaTrjy&p 
6 iruTTOTaTO^ eicdar^ irKi^p NecDPo^ tov Aa/cwpucov. 
el oiv fiovKei, TnaroTepap elpai t^p irpa^ip, teal ixe^dO 
pov^ K^KeaoA. Tcb Sk SirXa ai) €\Oa>p elire, & HoXxh 
KpaTe^, oTt eyct) teeXewo KaTaXiireip, teal aifT6<s ixei 
KaTCikvirwp TTjp fidx^upctP eiaidi. 

^Ajcovaa^ Taxha 6 Sev0f)<; elirep, otc ovBevl &p dirir 31 
<m]aec€P ^AOrjpalcjp* Kal yctp otl avyyeuei^ elep elSepa^ 
Kal (j}iXovs evpov^ i^ pofil^eip. fierh Tarrra S\ itrel 
elaijTkjdop ofi? eSee, irp&TOP Uepoify&p hrripero SevOtfP, 
o, Tt oioiTo j(p7J<T0ai Ty OTpari^a, 6 hk ^hrep &Se,32 
MaurdSrys f[p iraTtip fioi, CKeipov Sk Ijp dpxv MeXop- 
SItoc Kal Qxnfol koX Tpapl'^at. ck TavTfjs oth/ t% 
X^pa^, eirel tA *Ohpva&p irpdrffiaTa ev6<rri<Tep, eKire- 
<Twp 6 trariip axrro^ fikp aTToOpijaKev piatp, eyoD S* 
i^eTpdnpffp opiJHiPos iraph .MrjSoK^ t^ pvp ^a^CKel. 
hrel Bk peaplaKo^ iyepofi/rjp, ovk iBtwdfJurjp ^rjp eh dWo- 33 
Tpiap Tpdire^op diropXhrt&p* Kal eKade^op/qp ipBi<l>pio^ 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


aifT^ 1x677)^ Sovvai fiot otroa-ov^ Swarbs ctrj avSpci^^ 
07rG)9 Kal T0V9 iKfiahjovra^ Vf^^ €? ri hwalfiAjv Kaicov 
ttomItjv Kal ^cinjp firj eh t^v ixelvov rpdrre^v dirofiXi- 

34 Trcov &<nr6p kvcdv, ck tovtov fiov SlBaoai tov9 avBpa^ 
Kal Toif^ hnrov^, ot<$ vfieis Sy^aOe, iiretS^v fifUpa 
yiinjrac. Kal vvv eyo) (JS rovrov^i e^^ov, Xrjv^ofiepo^ 
rrjv ifiauTov irarp^v 'ya^pav. ei Si fiov vfi€i<; irapa^ 
yivourOe, olfuu &v avv roh ^eoh p(fbUo^ aTroKafieiv 
Tffv apyrjv. ravT iarlv & eyox v/i&p Biofuu. 

35 Ti &v qiv, €<fyi] 6 Uevoify&Vt av 8vvcuo, ei eXjOot/nep, 
T§ re oTpari^ BtSovav Kal rot^ Xoxa^oU Kal toZ? arpor 

367177049; Xefoj/, Xva oJrrot aira^iXKcoatv. 6 8' inre- 
ax^To Tft) fiev OTpOTuinri kv^ikt^vov, to5 Sk Xoxarf^ 
Bifioiplav, T& Bk (rrparrff^ Terpafioipiav, Kal yijv, 
OTToa-rjv &v fiovKtoirra^, Kal ^evyq Kal %6)p/bi/ iwl J^Or 

37 T^TTTf T€T€i;^4<r)Ltii/oi'. ^Edjf Si, €<fnf 6 Uevo<l>&v, ravra 
7reipd}fi€Voc fit) Sunrpd^oD/iev, oKKd ti<; (f>6^o<; airo . 
AaKeSaifiovuop y, Si^ eh r^v aeavrov, eav t69 diriivcu 

dSfiovKrjrat wapcb ai ; 6 S^ elire, Kal oSeX^ow ye woiif- 
wofiai Kal ivSi^plov^ Kal Koivtavoif^ airdinfov &v Av 
Sw(Ofjue0a KT&aOat, aol Si, & Uevo(l>&v, Kal Svyaripa 
SaxTCD Kav, et t49 (toI eoTi ^vydrfjp, oavrjaopuL Opaxifp 
vop^tp, Kal B(,adv0fiv o^Kfjacv Sd>a(o, oirep ifiol koSX^ 

3 ^AKovcavres ravra Kal Se^ih<: Sovre^ Kal Xaj8oPT€9 
dTrrjkawov • Kal irpo ffp^ipa^ erf homo iirl t^ arparo' 

2 iriS^ Kal dtri^yyetXav eKOxjTOV roh irip^y^a^iv. eirel 
Sk Tip^ipa eyivero, 6 p^iv ^Aplarapx^^ wdKiv ixdXei tov9 
aTpaT7)yov<: Kal \o;^a7oi59* roh 8' eSo^e r^v p*kv irpos 
^Aplarapxov oSov iaaac, to Se arpdrevp^i avyKaXiaiu* 
Kal avvrjhJdov 7rdvTe<s ifKiiv oi Uioavo^* oiroi Sh direi- 

3 x^^ tt>9 Sixa ardSta. ejrel Se o'lnnjKOov, dvaarh^ Hcro- 
4>^v elire rdSe. "AvSpes, Sia*trKelv p>ev evda fiovKop^da 
^Apltrrapxo^ Tpvqpei,^ ex(ov K(o\vet, &aTe \h 'irXjoia 


by Google 

BOOK yn. CHAP. m. 189 

oifK otrffHiXi^ ififialveiv o5to9 Bk 6 avrbs /ceXeiki ek 
Xeppovrja-ov fiia Sict tov iepov 6pov<i iropeveadcu* ^p 
Sk KpaTqcravT&i tovtov ixelae eXffcjjj^, ovre iraiKija-ew 
en, vfia^ (fyrjatv &<nr€p iv Bv^avrl^, otJrc i^amavqae- 
aOcu €TC vfia^, aXX^ Xi^eaOav fiUT06v, ovre irepioy^ 
aOcu en &cw€p inwl Seo/Jbivov^ r&v eiriTqieUov. oiro^ 4 
fjL€P ravra \iyei* S€v0i]<: Si ((nfaiv, &v irpo^ iKelvov 
IrjTe, eS Troi,riaeiv vfm^. vvv oiv crKey^ua-de, irorepov 
ivOdSe fupovres tovto fiovXeva-eaOe ^ efc rk imniSeia 
eiraveKdome^. ifiol iikv oiv SokcI, eirel ipddBe oire 5 
dpyvpiop ^ofiev &<rre ar/opd^etv otrre avev dpyvplov 
iSHFi, Xofifidveiv tA imrriheui, erravehBovra^ eh tA? 
KWfia^, o0€V ol rJTToi/s i&a-i, Xafifidveiv, ixel expvrax; 
tA emniSeia okovovtcl^, o, rt t49 vfi&v Seirac, alpeZ- 
aOa^f 0, rt &v vfuv So/c^ KpdriaTov elvcu. xal orip, 6 
€^, ravra Soxei, dpdrto rtfv xelpa. dvireivav airav- 
T€9. ^Amovre^ rolvtw, eifyrj, ovaKevd^eaOe, koI iweiSdv 
iraparfyiWp t*9, eireaOe r^ ^ovfiiv<p. 

Merd ravra Uevo^v fiev ^etro, oi S' ehrovro. 7 
Nioav Sk fcal irap ^Apurrdp^ov aXXoi, eireiOov dirorpi- 
Trecrdai* ol S' ovx inn^Kovov. iwel S' oaov rpidKovra 
araBiov^ irpoeKriKvOeaav, drravrq, ^evOri^, icaX 6 Uevo- 
(j>&v lBa>v avrov irpotreKdaai, iKeXeva-ev, otrc^f; ore irkeir 
artov oKovovrtov eXiroi avr^ & iSoKee avfi^peiv. iirei 8 
hh irpoaijXOcv, elire Eei/o^Si/, ^Hfiet^ iropevop^da ottov 
fUW^L €^€iv rb arpdrevfia rpo(f>i]v i/cet 8' oKovovre^ 
KaX aov KaX r&v rod Aa/ccoviKOv aiprfaofjbeOa a &v Kpd- 
rurra SofcQ elvav, fjv oJfv ripiv ffpitrji oirov wkeurrd 
ioTiv i7rcri]Beui, xnro aov vo/JLiovfi€v e^evUrOai. Kal 6 9 
S^vOfj^ 6^> *AXKd olBa tccofjLa^ 7roXKd<s adpoa^ /cal 
irdvra €')(pvaa^ rd iTrtnjBeta dire')(pvaa<i fipAv oaov 
Sce\06vre<: &v lySe©? dpcar^re. *Hyov rolvw, i<fnf 6 
U€vo<l>wv. eTrel 8' dif>lKovro eh airrdf; rrj<: SetkrjSplO 
awrjlsJBov ol arpari&rat, koX elire S^vOrj^ rouiSe. 


by Google 

190 zenophon's aitabasis. 

*Eya>, & avSp€^, Biofuu v/jl&p aTpareveaOtu ainf ifioL 
Kol uTTW^i/oC/xat vfifv Bdxreiv to?? arparuaTcu^ kv^ 
KTjpov, 'hoxw^ol^ h^ Kal arparifffoh tA vpfit^ofiepa* e^eo 
a TOVTCDP TOP a^cov T^/^^co). atTa Sk koI irorci, &aw€p 
Kal pvv ix T§9 x<6/5a9 . Xa/i-)8££i/oj/T€9 S^ere' oiroaa 8' 
&v aKlaicrfTiu a^taxro) avT09 e^e^i', mi ravra Scartdi" 

11 fi€PO<; vfiiv Tov fiurObp Tropica), fcal rh /Jbhf ipevyovra 
teal aTTohiZpaaKovra fifieifi ucavol io-6jj^0a Bmxeiv kcA 
fjLcurrevew &v 8e Tt<: avOtarfjrcu, aiw vfuv ireipcuro- 

12 fieda 'Xjiifpowdcu,. eirijpcro 6 Uepo^&v, Hoa-ov Sk airo 
^aKdrTri^ a^uaaet,^ awiireadal aoi to arpdrevfia ; 
6 S' wireKpivaro, OvBajj,^ TrXeiov hrrh ^fiep&v, fi&op 
Sk iroXKay^. 

13 Merii ravra iSlSoTO Xeyecp r^ fiovXofievip* koI 
eXeyov iroXKol /caret ravrd, orv irajrro^ a^ia y^eyoi 
S€v0rj<; * jfev/mv yhp €C7) Kal ovre oXKaZe airoirXetv r^ 
rovro l3ov\ofUv^ Svparov eXri, Ziarf€pe<r6a4, re hf <f>CKia 
ovx olov r etfj, el Beov aiVovfihov<; §71/, ev Se t§ TroXe- 
fjbla Suirpi^eiv Kal rpi^eaOav aa^Xkarepov fierit 
SevOov ^ [lovoD^ Svr<ov arfaO&v roaovrcov el Se fiurdov 

liTrpoaXrp^oLvro, evpr}/jui ehoKei elvai. eirl rovroi^ ehre 
Uevo^&v, El T69 avriXeyei, Xeyerto* el Bk firj^ emf^p^ 
^v^erto ravra. irrel Bh ovSels avreKeyev, e7re^^'i^if>uret 
Kal eBo^e ravra. evOif^ Bk SevOjf elire ravra, or& 
avarparevaoivro avr^. 

15 Merh rovro ol fiev aTCKoo Karic rd^et^i iaKfiqvria'av, 
arparriyoif^i Be Kal Xo^a/yov^ ewl Belirvov SevOff^ ixdr 

IQXea-e, TrXTjaiov Kd>fi/rfv e')((ov. eirel S' errl J^vpai^ fiaav 
«&9 eirl Beiirvov Traptopre^, ^v ri<: ^HpaKKel^^i Mapto^ 
velrrj^i • oirro^i, irpoaUbv evl eKdar<p ovariva^ ^ro ^euf 
re Bovvao SevOjj, irp&rov fikp irpo^ Hapuivov^ Tiixa9> 
6i iraprjaav ^Ckiav Btairpa^ofievov *jrpo9 MtjBokov top 
^OBpva&p ^aaCKka Kal B&pa ayovre^ avr^ re kclL t§ 
yvpcuKl, iXeyey, on MriBoKo^ fikp apm etrj BcoSMxa 


by Google 

BOOK Yn» CHAP. m. 191 

^ft€p&v airo SaK(iTTi]<; 6S6p, SevOtf^ 8' iirel to arpd- 
revfJLa tovto €t\fj<l>€P, ap^fav laoiro iirl ^cCKdTrg. 
ff€lT<0V ovv &v iKavdyrara^ Sarav v/io? koX ei koX taiKS^ 17 
iroietp. fjv oiv a'GHl>pov7JT€, tovt^ Baxrere o, n ar/ere* 
icaX afJueLvov vfuv SutKeia-ercu fj ihv MffSo/c^ r^ irpoa-to 
olxovirn S&t€. tovtov9 fih^ ovra^ hrevdep, ai0i<s Bk 18 
TifjuurUavc t{S AapBavel irpoaeKBd^v, hrel f^ovaeif avr^ 
elvai Kol iKir<i>p4ira koX rdiriZa^ fiapfiapticas, ekeyep, 
St& vofil^oiTo, OTTore cttI hehnfov KoKkacu SevOrj^, Sto- 
peiaOcu ain^ tou9 fc\ff0ipTa<:. ouro? S' ^i/ fUrya^ 
ivOdSe jhnjTtu, iKavo^ hnai ae koX ot/coBe Kararforfeiv 
seal ivdoBe irXovaiov Troiijaai. roLavra irpovfwaro 
hcdoTtp irpoatdv. irpoa€K0a}V Bk koX UevoijmvTi, eKeye, 19 
Sv teal TToXecD^ fi€y{<rrj]<: el /cal irapi^ SevOrj to gov 
6pofMa fiifycoTov iari, teal iv T^Be t§ X^P? taa}^ a^toh 
<T€i<; leal tcIxv Tiafifidveiv, &<rjr€p Kal aXKoi, t&v vfieri- 
pcDV eKa^ov, koX 'xji^pav a^cov oiv aoi xal fieydko- 
irpeiriaraTa TifirjcraL SevOrjv. €vvov<: Be aoi wi/20 
irapaLV&' ei olBa yap, OTi oa(p &v fiel^to tovt^ Bay- 
pr^arif ToaovT<p fiei^to inro tovtov ayaOcb Trelxrri. okovwv 
TavTa *Si€vo(j>&v f^opei,' ov ycbp Biafi€/3i]K€L e^cn)!/ 6k 
Ilaplov el firi iratZa koX ocov e<^Biov. 

'Eirel Be etaijTiSov cttI t6 Behrvov t&v re 0p(fK&v 21 
ol KpaTioTov T&v irap6vT(ov Kal oi orpaTriyol kcu ol 
\a)(ayol T&v 'E\\i]V(ov teal ei t*9 irpeafieia iraprjv d*iro 
7r6X€G)9> TO Betirvov fiev ^v fcadrjfiivoi^ KvieKcp' hreiTa 
Sk TpliroBe^ elariveyOfiaav 7ra<nv oJh-oi S' ^aav Kpe&v 
fieoTol vev^jj/rjfiivcDV, teal apToi ^vfUTao fJueyoKot irpoa- 
irerrepovTjfiivoi Tfaav irpo^ Tol<i Kpeaai, fjudTuara S'22 
ai Tpdire^at Kariu Toi>^ ^evov^ del eTlOevTO • v6iio<i yap 
fjv. ledX irp&To^ tovto errolev Sev0rf<: • dveKo^ievo^ tov<: 
iavT^ TrapaxeifjUvovs apTov^; BUkTui KaTCi fii/cpov Kal 
BvepplTTTei ol<i avT^ eBoKet, Kal Tcb Kpia &aavToy;y oaov 
u6vov yexHTaadai, eavT^ KaTcCKiirdv, koX oi oKKot £€23 


by Google 

192 zenophok's akabasis. 

Karh ravrh iTroloxrv, koB^ oft? oX rpdire^av iKeuno. 
^Apxbs Si Tts *Apvara<i ovofjLa, (fxi/yelu Seivo^;, ro fikif 
huippiinelv eXa j(aip€iv, \a)8a>i/ Sk eh rijv xelpa oaop 
rpix^lvucov aprov Kal xpia l^ifi€Vo<: eirl tA yovara 

24 ihetnvei. Kepara Sk oXvov irepU^pov, Kal irdine^ iSi- 
ypvTO' 6 S' *Apvirra^, iirel Trap* avrov ^pcDv to icepa^ 
o olvoj(6o<: ^K€v, ehrev iZ^v rov Uevo^&vra ovKiri Se^ 
irvovvra, ^E/ceiv^, i<fnf, So9' (r)(p\d^€t yitp ijSr}, iyci> 

25 Sk ovShrci). aKov<ra<i SevOrj^ ttjv ^<ojnjv fipdna rov 
oivoxoov, riXiyoi. 6 Sk olvtrxpo^ elirev iXKfjvi^eiv yiip 
ffTrCaTwro. hnavOa p,hf Bff 76X0)9 iyivero. 

26 'JETrel 8^ irpov^wpei, 6 itiro^, elaifXOev avr^p Opa^ 
imrov €X<ov XevKoVi xal XafioDv Kipa^ fi^arov elire, 
npoTrlvot) (Tot, & SevOff, Kal rov hnrov tovtov Saypov- 
fuu, i(j> oi Kal SuoKcov op &v S^iKy^; alpi^aeis koX airo- 

27j((a)p&v ov fiff Se^9 rov iroXifiiov. aXKos traXBa 
eiaarfarfoi>v ot!ro)9 iSayp^a-aro irpoirlvcDV, Kal a\Xo9 
ifjudria ry yvvavKL Kal Tifjuaalcov irpoTrivcjv iSaypf]- 
aaro ^idKrjp re dpyvpav Kal rdiriBa d^iav BiKa fw&v. 

28 Fvi^aiTnro^ Si T69 ^AOfjvdio^ dva>aTct<: elirev, ore dp- 
;^aw)9 €?>; 1/6/L609 KdX)uarTO^ tov9 jJ^hf e'xpina^ SiSovcu 
T^ PaaCKel tviitj^ evcKa, to?9 Sk fi^ exov&L StSovai top 
fiaaCKeaf Xva Kal eyco, eijyrf, e)((o aoi SaypeurOai Kal 

29TVfiav. 6 Se Sevo^&v '^iropeiTO, o, ti woirjaev' Kal ydp 
irirfxavev c&9 Ti/uofJi€vo<i iv ro) irKTiauLinrdrcp Sl^pt^ 
ScvOtj KaOrjiievo^. 6 Sk 'HpaKXelSt)^ eKeKevev avr^ 
TO Kipa^ opi^at top oIpo^oop. Si Uepo^&P, i^Sr) ydp 
inroTreTTtoKW irvy'xaP^Pi dpiarr) J^ppaKiax: Se^dfiepo^ 

ZOrb Kipa^ Kal ehrep, ^Eya> Si aot, & SevOff, SiSiojj^i 
ifiavTOP Kal tov9 €/aov9 toutoi;9 iralpov^ ^IXov^ elpcu 
TTiarov^, Kal ovSipa aKOpra, dXKd Trdpras fL&XKop iri, 

31 e/LtoO oroi, /SovXofiipov^ <l>l\ov<; elpai. Kal pvp wdpeea-ip 
ovSip ae irpoaairrovpre^, dXKd Kal irpolifiepoi koX iro- 
peip xmip aov Kal irpoKCpSvpeveiP iOiXopr^' fieO^ &P9 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK vn. CHAP. m. 193 

&v oi Seol SeX6i>ai, ttoXKtjv X^P^^ '^h^ M^ airoK'qy^ 
irarp^v oiaav, rrjv Se /CT^ay, ttoKXov^ Sk t7nrov<:, 
7roWou9 Bk avipa^ koX yvvaiKa^ Karafcri^aij, 0O9 ov 
Xril^eaOai Sei^aet, a\X avrol i^epome^ irapeaomai irpo^ 
<r€ S&pa. avcurrh^ 6 SevOri^i avve^eiTLe koX Karea-Ke- 32 
Sdaaro fierh tovto to Kcpa^. fierh ravra elaij'KOov 
Kepaal re otoi^ (rrjfialvovaLV aiiKovvre^ xal adKiriy^iv 
wfiofioti/aL^ pvd/ioih T€ Kal otov fxar^abi acCKirlfyvre^. 
Kal avTo^ S€v07}<i dvaariL^ aviicparfk re ttoT^^/jlikov /cat 33 
i^Xaro &(rrr€p ySeXo? ^vXarro/Jbevo^ fiaXa i\a(l>pm» 
eUrrfeaav he xal yeXcrroTToioL 

'if29 S ' ^v ^Xxo9 eirl Bva-fuu^, aviarrfa-av oi ''jEJV 34 
X171/6? Kal ehrov, on &pa w/eTO{f)vXaKa^ KoOurrdvcu koX 
avpOrf/jui irapaJBcSovcu, Kal SevOrfv ixiXevov irapa/y- 
yetXai, otto)? efc tA ^EWrjviKh (TTparoTreSa fjbrjBeh r&v 
OpOK&p etaeurt wkto^* oX t€ yctp TroXifiiot 0paK€9 
flpZv Kal vfieh oi (f>thj)i. ©9 S' i^eaav, avvaveoTrj o35 
X^vOt)^ ovSiv TV fieOvovTC iocKto^;, i^eh£ci>v S' ehrev 
avTOv^ TOV<i oTpaTTjyov^ airoKaXiaa^, ^il avBpe^, 01 
irdXAfMioc fffi&v ovK laaai iro} Tr^v r/fieripav avfifiax^av 
fjv odv €K0(o/JL€v iir avTov^ irplv ifivkd^aaOaL &<rre /iff 
\ff^0rjvai fj irapa^KevdaaaOai &aT6 dfivvaa-ffaL, fid' 
\i<TTa &v \dl3oc/i€v Kal dvOpdyirov^ Kal ^(pijfiaTa, 
oweTT^vowf TavTa oi cTpaTfiyol xal fjyelaOaL eKekevov, 36 
6 S' ehre, Ilapa^Kevaa-d/ievoL dva/ieveLTC iyo) Si, 
OTTOTav Kaipo^ '§, nfi^(o irpo^ vfid<;, Kal tov^ ireKTa^crh^ 
Kal vfid<: dvaXafioDV ^yqao/iai <tvv toI^ ^eol<;. Kal 637 
'Eevo^&v elire, SKey^at toIvvv, elirep vvkto^ iropevao- 
fi€0a, el 6 ^EWrjvtKo^ v6fio<; koXKlov e^ef [led^ rifiepav 
fiev yap ev Tal<; iropeiai^ TyyelTat tov &TpaTevfiaTo<; 
OTTotov &p del 7r/)09 ttjv %c5/)ai/ a-vpxj}€py, edv t€ ottTu- 
TiKov idv T€ ireKTO/TTUKov edv re imriKov vvKT<op Sk 
vofio^ T0?9 '^EWrja-iv fjyelaOal eari, to PpaZvraTov* 
ovTO) 7^ fiKLOTa BuunraTai Tct orpaTevfiaTa koX 3S 


Digitized by LaOO^lC 

194 zehophon's anabasis. 

ij/curra'Kavddpovavv airo&iZpdaKovre^ aXKrjKov^* ot Si 
SuKr7rcur0€VT€<; iroKKdta^ kclI irepiirhrrovaiv aXXijXo^ 
39#cal a/yvoovvTe: Kcucm iroLown /cal irda^ova-vv, ehrep 
oiv ScvOrj^, ^Op0S)9 T€ Xir/ere koI iyoi> to) vofup t£ 
v/i€Tip^ irelaofJLCU. kclL vfilp fih ff^efiova^ Saxro} t&v 
irpetT^vrdToyv roi^ efiTref^pordrov^ t§9 ^^cSpa?, avTo<; 
8' i<f}k^ofiav reXevraw TO\f<i Xmrov^; e^^v* Ta'xp ykp 
irp&rof;, &p Birj, irapia-ofiai. crvpOrjfia 8' ehrov ^AOt)- 
valav Karci r^v avyyiveiav, ravr €l'jr6vT€<; dveiraih 


40 ^RvCxa 8' Tjv dii<f}l fiiaa^i vvktw;^ irapfjv SevOtf^ 
c^coi/ T0U9 iinrea^ TedaDpaKurfikvov^i koL roif^ TreKra- 
ariiM aifp roU oTrXot?. ical ejrel frapiBco/ce tov9 ^776- 
{jLovm, oi fihf irrluTai rpfovmo, ol 8k 'jreKraoTal ehrovro, 

41 ol 8* bmrel^ iaTTLado^vkaKovv. iwel 8' fjfiepa ffv, 6 
S€v0ff<: iraprjKawev eh to irpoaOep koI iTrppeae rbv 
^EWfjvvKov vofiov TTciKKoKi^ yctp eifyrj vvKToyp avT09 
/cal aifP oKiyoif; iropevofjuepo^ anrocnraardrjvai, avv T0Z9 
tTTTTOt? airo T&v 'ire^&v' vvv 8\ &cnr€p 8eti dOpooi 
irdm€<: afia t§ rip^pa ^xuvofieda, aXXk vp^eh fih 
irepifiipeTe avTOv /cal dvarrraveaOe, iyo) 8k axey^dfievo^ 

42 Ti ^^o>, TavT ehrcDv rjjXawe 8^' opov^ 686p Tiva \a- 
fidv. iirel 8' oA^ucero ek ^lova ttoXXi^i/, ia-KeyfraTO, 
el etrj t'xyrj dvdpayirtov fj irpoaa rjyovp^va fj evavria. 

^Si'irel 8k aTpvfirj €(opa Trjv 686v, ^K6 Ta'xp ttoKiv /cal 
ekeyev, ''Av8pe<;, KaK&^ earai, fjv ^€09 ^eKri • roif^ yhp 
dvdpdnrov^ XTjaop^v eirLireaoine^, d\V eyw /ikv ^17- 
a-o/jLai Tol<; XmroL^f ottcd?, av Tcva I8ci>p>€v, fiif 8w*- 
<f>vya)v arip,Tivri roh '2ro\efiioi<;' vpsh 8' hreade^ k&v 
\ei<l>67JTe, To5 <rrip(p t&v iTnrayv eireaOe. vTrep^dvre: 
8k Td 6prj ^^p^v ek /c(op^<; iroXKd<: t€ Kal ev8ai' 

44 ^Hvlxa 8* fiv p^eaov fipApa^^ ^817 re ^1/ hrl T0J9 
&/cpoi<; /cal /caTiSa>v TA9 ied>pM<: ^/cev iKaivtov irpo^ tox)^ 


by Google 

BOOK vn. OHAP. m. — IT. 196 

oirkiTO^ KoX Skeyev, ^Aifyqaoi ^f&; KaraJBelv tou9 /i^ 
iwiriwi €*9 TO ireSiov, tou9 Sk ireXrcurrh^ iwl rh^ icoh 
fia^. a)OC hrea-Oe m &v SvprjaOe Ta%tOTa, otto)^, idv 
TW v<f}taT^ai,, oKe^aOe. cucovaa^ ravra 6 Sevo^viS 
Kori^r) airo rov hnrov. kclL 89 ijpero, Tl tearafiahfei,^, 
enrel awevSevp SeZ ; OZSa^ e^, oTi ovk ifjuw fiovov hkQ* 
ol S' OTrXtTO^ ^aTTov SpafjLovvTa4> koX i^Sufv, iitif Koi 
eyo) 7r6^o9 vfi&fjuu* fierct ravra ^ero, koI TifuurlmviQ 
fjber avTov ^o>v hmrel^; e&9 renapdicovTa t&v ^EXKijptov. 
E€PO(l)&v Bk ira^priyyinja-e roif^ ek rpuiKovra Srrf irapUr 
vcu airo r&v \6%a)i/ €if^<i>vov<;. /cal airro^ fihf iTpoy/afy 
T0VT0V9 exfoVi KKedvcDp 8' iqyetTO r&v SXKonv 'JEXXiJ- 
vaav. inrel 8' ev rat? KWfuu^ ^aav, S€v6f)<; ixtov oaoviJ 
Tpuucovra imria^ irpoaeKdaa*: ehre, T6Ze Si], & Sevo- 
<f}&v, a ait IXeye?' expvra^, oi avffpayn'ov oXX^ yd,p 
eprifioi oi iwirel^ oXypmal fMH aXXo9 SXKri hmtaov 
Kal SiSoi/ca /iff avarrdvre^ ddpoov irov tcaxop n ipyd- 
aayvTcu oi iroXi/iUii,. hel he koX iv raU K(Ofiai<: Kara- 
pAveiv Tiph<; fni&v fiearal yap eiatv dpdpayiraov. '^XX'48 
iyo) fjbiv, €<fyr) 6 U€Vo<f}&v, airv 0X9 ^6> r^ aKpa Karor 
Xiplro/jLac • aii Sk KXedvopa KeKeve 8^ tov ireBlov irapor 
reivac rtjv ^>dXarfya irapci tA9 /cdfuxs;. iirel Bk ravra 
iiroiija-av, avvrjikla-drja-av avSpdiroBa fikv C09 X^'Xto, 
^069 Bk Bia^CXioh 7rp6fiara aXka /Mvpui. rore fikv B^ 
avrov rjvXiaOrjaav. 

Ty 8' varepaia KaraKavaa^ 6 SevOr)*: rh^ fcdfia^ 4 
7ravr€7(M<: /cal oIkUlv ovBeiiCav Xnrcov, 07ra>9 <l>6^ov iv- 
Oeiij ical Tot9 aXXot94 ota ireUrovrai, av /it) ireldtovrai, 
dirpei TToKiv. Kal rr)v fiev Xelav dnreirefi'^e BtariOe- 2 
aOai ^HpaKKeCBriv €t9 Ilipivdov, a7ro)9 &v fiio-66<; yhfoiro 
Tot9 OTparLoyrai^' avro<; Bk xal oi ''EXXi]V€<; iarparo- 
ireBevovro dvh, ro Qvv&v ttcBIov. oi 8' i/c7uir6vr€s 
€<l>€vyov €49 rci Sprj. ^v Bk %£0)i/ ttoXX^ Kal 's^vj(p<: 3 
ovrw, ware ro HBrnp, 8 i^ipovro eirl BelTTPOv, iinfywro 


by Google 

196 zenophon's anabasis. 

teal 6 0I1/09 o ip Toh a/fyeloi*:, koX t&v ^EKKjrjimt 

4 irdKKMV koX piv€<; dfrcKalovro /cal cSro. koI t6t€ Srp^v 
i^kverOf oi hfeica oi &pa/c€<: tA? oKayireKlBcu; cttI to?? 
K€(f}dKai<; ^opovai, KaX T0Z9 owr/, koX xi,t&vw; ov fiovov 
irepl Tois aT€ppov<: aXKk Kal irepl T0J9 ^pol<i, Kal fet- 
pb/$ MXP^ "^^^ TToh&v hrX r&v X7nra>v exovaip, o-XX' ov 

6 'x\apLvBa<;, cufyceh Sk r&v al'X/iaXdyrcov 6 SevOr^ efe 
tA 6p7i eXeyei/, on, el fxij Kara^'qa-ovrai oliei]a-ovr€<: koX 
ireia-ovrah Stc KaraKavtrei, leal rovrav tA? /ca>fia9 icaX 
Tov alrov, /cal airoXovvra^ r^ Xtfju^. ck tovtov /cari' 
/3aivov /cal ywa2K€<: teal iraXSe^: teal 01 irpea^irepov 
oi hh vedyrepoi, ev rcu^ xnro to 6po^ K(o/iai<; r^vXl^ovro. 

C /col o S€v0rf<; /eaTafia0a>v i/ciXevae tov Uevotfy&VTa t&v 
6ir\iT&v T0U9 V€Ci)TdTov<; Xa^ovTa arw€7rur7rio'0ai. zeal 
dva^aravTe^ T7J<: w/cTb<: a/ia Ty Vf^P9 'rraprjo'av €& 
tA9 /c(i>fia<:. Kal oi fikv wXeiaroi i^i<f}vyov' ifKriaiov 
yitp fiv Th 6po<: • oaovs Sk e\a^€ KaTqKovnaev cul)€iS&9 

'/ *ETri,a0hny; 8' Jjv Tt9 ^O\vv0u)<: ira/ZepaoTri^, S9 
iZinf TToXSa kclKjov fifioATKOVTa apTC irikTrjv e^ovTa 
fiiTCKovTa diro0vi]a-K€iv, irpoahpaimv U€vo<f}&vTa eVc6< 

8 revere ^Ofj0ijo-a4, iraiBl Kdktp, /cal 89 irpoaeKjOoDv r^ 
X€v0y Beera^ /i^ diro/crelvai, tov ira2Sa, xal tov ^Eirir 
a0evox/<; SctfyeiTai tov Tpoirov, /cal otl 7i6j(pv iroTk 
oweKe^aro aKoir&v ovBkv aXKo fj et tiv€<: eUv /caXol, 

9 /cal fierct tovtchv ffv dvijp drfoBo^. 6 Bk S€v0i]<: Tjpero, 
*H zeal M\oi,<: av, & ^E7rla0€V€<:, inrkp tovtov diro0ar 
velv ; 6 B^ elirev dvaT€lva<i tov Tpaxn^P, IlaZe, €(fyij, 

10 el KeKev€i iral^i Kal fiiXXev X^P^^ elSevac, iirripeTO 
6 X€v0ri^ TOV iraXBa, el iraurei^ev ainov dvT ckcIvov. 
ovK eta 6 irah, aXV iK^Teve fJurjBk CTepov KoraKaiveiv. 
hnav0a Bi) 6 ^Eiri<T0evri^ 7repi\aj3o)v tov iraiBa ehrev, 
"ilpa aoi, & S€v0f), irepl TovBe /loi Buifidx€O'0a^' ov 

llyhp lAeOrjato tov iraSBa. 6 Bk Sev0r}9 ye\&v TovTa 


by Google 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. IV. 197 

[lep eta- eBo^e Sk avr^ avrov avKurOrjvcu, Xva fjurjh* iic 

TOVTODP T&V Ka)fl&V ol CTtI TOV 6pOV<i Tpi^OlVTO, KoX 

<f>cjv €x<»>v toik: ifn\iKTov<: iv ry vtto to Spo<: avandr^ 
K(i>fJbri, KoX ol SiXKoi, '^EXkffve^ iv toX^ opeloi,^ /caXovfie- 
voi^ Qpa^l irXrialov KareaKrjvriaav. 

^Ek rovTov 7}fiepai t ov ttoKKoX Sierpi^ovro, koI ol 13 
eK TOV opov<: Qpa/C€<; Kara^aivovTe^ irpo^ top SevOrjv 
irepX <nrovhS)v koX ofirjpcDV SieirpaTTOVTO, koX 6 Uevo- 
<f)&v i\0a}v e\ey€ tw SgvOjj, otl iv irovripol^ TOirou^ 
cicrjvolev Kol TrXr^aiov elev ol iroXe/itoc • rjSvov t &v ef a> 
avKl^eadcu e<f>rj iv i'xypol^ '}(<opioi<: fiahXov fj iv toI*: 
aT€yvol<;, HaTe diroXiadai. 6 Sk Sappelv e/ceXeve xal 13 
eSei^ev ofirjpov^ irapovTa^ avT&. iSiovTO Be Kal tov 
S€vo(f>&vTo<; KaTa^aivovTe^ rti/e? t&v ix tov 6pov^ 
av/JLirpa^ai a^iav Ta<i cnrovhd^. 6 S' d)fio7<^€C /cal 
^appelv ixikeve xal rffyvaro firjSev avToif<: /caxov nrelr 
a-eaOav ireiOofievov^ X^vdrj. ol 8' apa Tavr eXeyov 
KaToaKOirrj^ eveKa, 

Tavra fiev tti^ '^fiepa<; iyivero* eh Se ttjv eiriov-li 
a-av vvKTa iirLTlOevrai, ekdovTe^ ix tov 6pov^ ol QwoL 
Kal riyeiJmv fi€V fjv o hearroTT}^ eicdaTri^ t^9 ouclas* 
'X^aXeirbv yhp fjv aXXco? tA? oIkIxi^ aKOTOv^ ovto<; dvev- 
piaK€LV iv Ta?9 K(Ofiai<;' xal yap al oUlav Kvickcp 
TrepieoTavpcovTo fieydXoi^ oTavpoh t&p irpofidTCOv 
^€fca, iTrel S' iyivovTO Karii ra? l^vpa<; e/cooToi/lS 
TOV olKrjiiaTO^i, ol fih/ elarfKovTi^ov, ol Sk to?9 cKvrd- 
Xot9 e^aXKov, h e'XjEiv e(\>a<7av co9 diroKO^VTe^ t&v 
BopdTa>v Ta9 Xoyxa^, ol S' ipeirlfiirpaaav, Kal Uevo- 
(fmvTa ovo/JuaoTl KcCKovvTe^ i^Lovra iKekevov aTToOvif- 
a-K€LP, fj avTOV e(f>aaav KaTaKavOrjaea-dai avTOV, xallQ 
TjBf) T€ 8tA TOV opoKJyov i^iv€TO TTvp, Kal evTeOoDpor 
Kta-fiivot ol irepl U€Vo<f}(ovTa evSov fjo-av d<nrlSa^ Kal 
liaxfilpa^ Kal Kpdvri exovTe^:, Kal StKavbs MoKiario^: 

Digitized by VjOO^IC 

198 xknophon's anabasis. 

€T&v ^&7 a>9 6/cTa>Kal8€Ka &v o'rifiaCvei t§ cdX/iri^c* 
Kol eifdif^i iK7rr)B&<nv iawcurfiivoc tA f/^ /cal oi iic 

17T&V aXKayp a/CTjvay/JLdTCOv, ol he Opaxe^ <l>€vyov(nv, 
&crn'€p Btj TpoTTOf; fjv axnol^, oiriadev TrepijSaXKofJisvo^ 
Ta9 iriXra^ • koX avr&p inrepaWojjAvayv tou9 aravpoif^ 
i\i]<f}0i]a-dv Tti/€9 Kp€/uuT0ivT€<: iv€XOfi€va>v T&v ireXr&v 
To?9 (rravpol^* oi Bk seal diredavov BuL/ucprovre*; t&v 

iSi^oBoDV oi Bk '^EWrjve^ iBicoKOv ^f® 7^9 ica>fi7f<:. t&v 
Be Qw&v inroaTpa<l>ivTei Ttve<; iv tS aKorei tox)^ 
TrapaTpi'Xpvraf: trap oiiclav Kaiofiivrjv riKovTi^ov eh to 
<!>&<; i/c Tov (TKOTOV^i • KoX h-poDtrav 'lepcowfiSv re Evo- 
Bia Xoj(a^ov /cal 0eoyevr}v AoKpbv 7ioj((vy6v' airedave 
Bk ovBek • KaTeKavOf) /levTOC Kal ia-Orj^; Tivayv xal &k€vij. 

19 S€v0rf<; Bk fjKe fiorj0i]a-o}v (tvv eiTTci iTnrevav T0Z9 tt/ocS- 
T0t9 icaX TOV aaXirt/y/CTrfv i'Xj^v tov Opaxiov, Kal iirel- 
irep ya-OeTO, oaovTrep 'xpovov i^orjOei, toctovtov Kal 
ri Kipa<: €<f}0€yy€To avT&. &<TTe Kal tovto (fyojSov 
<rufnrapea")(e Toi<; 7ro7u/iloi<:, eirel 8' ^Xffev, iBe^c- 
ovto re Kal eX^yev, otv oioito Te6ve&Ta^ iroXKov^ eu- 

20 ^Ek tovtov 6 Sevo^&v BelTai Toif^: ofirjpov^ re avT<^ 
irapaBovvai Kal iirl to Spo^, el ^ovKerai, avarpaTeve- 

21 aOaL • el Bk fii], avTov eaaat, Ty odv varepaia irapor 
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KaTa^dvTe<f iKirevov crn'eia'a/70ai, Kal irdvTa wjJ^o'Koyovv 

23'n'on^a-eLv Kal t^ irtoT^ Tutfi^dveiv eKekevov, 6 Bk 
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Digitized by VjOO^IC 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. IV. — ^V. 19ft 

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wain-€9 8rf TTpoa-cDficiXoyow, 

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9 lE^ Tovrov 6 fihf UevoKJy&v i^ovXevero, rl XPV 
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12 Kal eVel Trdme^ iireia-Orfo-av, ovvearpaTevovTO, /cal 
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13 TToXv T^9 •9a\aTTi79. Kal ol QpaKe<; oi KaTa Tavra 
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ivTevdev TavTa KaTaarpey^dfievoL aTrpecav irdXw* 

15 €V0a Brf Sev0ri<; el^^ (TTpaTevfia ^Bt) irXiov tov ^EXXtj* 


by Google 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. V. — ^VI. 201 

vucov' Ik t€ rfhp ^OZpwT&v TToXv en irXeiov<: Karafie- 
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0rf<: ov/cert olieeUo^ SUfceiro, aXX ottotc avyyeviaOat 
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ceveaOcu eirl Tia-aa^ipvijv, Kal Ql^poDV iiareirKevKev 
109 7ro7^/ii]aa}v, xal Beirat ravrri^ ti}? trrpaTtd^ Kal 
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Kol To2^ 'Xxyxftr^ol^ SifjuoLpla, toi<; Sk orpaTrffoh rerpor 
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KXelBrj^: irvdofievo^y oti cttI to OTpaTevfia ijKOvai,, XSyei, 
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ivamuoa-eTai Trj<: dirar^tarfri^ ; '-4W' ffv vfiei<:, e^ 6 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

202 zenophon's akabaais* 

'HpateKe^^, avWi^avTe<: avrob^ V7ro(r)(7f<r0e top /**• 
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8 SiitXjovv, aTpaTrjyb<; Sk to TerpaifKovv. KCbl oi arpa- 
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9 auT09 eXKriPLfrrl Tci 'jrXeurra, epOa Bff T^ec 6 ^Ap/cds, 
'^W i^/i€t9 p^, & AaKeBcup^opcoc, Kal iraKai, &p ^fiep 
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10 l^Ut TreirKovTiKep, 97/^9 Bk aTroar-epel top /jlicOop* &<TTe 
o ye irpSiTo^ Xiytop eyo) p^ip, el tovtop lBoip.L KaTcCKev^ 
adepTa koI BoPTa BUrfP &p ^)Lta9 frepieiXKe, Kal top 
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pApoi^ wxP^frdai. p.eTk tovtop a\\o9 dpeoTT) o/to^9 
Kal a\Xo9- eK Bk tovtov Uepo(j>&p eXe^ev &Be, 

11 ^AXKk nrdpTa /lep apa ap0pa)frop 6pTa irpoaBoKap 
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&ppaip^o(i, oi pbk top AUi outov irvp0a;pop^o^ v/ias 


by Google 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. TL 208 

€& nrpdrreof, oKKh fiaXKov okoxhov iv amSpoi^ elvtu, 
W w^X^yo-©!/, eX re Zwaip/qv, hrel Bk fjXJdov, SevOov 12 
TOVTovl TToXKoif^ offyiXjov^ wpo^ ifjbe Trifi'irovro^: koX 
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Tov €\0€iv, TovTO fihf ovK €Tre)(elp7}aa tto^Iv, <»9 avrol 
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eh TTjv ^Aalap Sui^ijveu, ravra yhp koX fiiKrvara 
ipofit^ov vfilv elvav Kal vfia<i '^Zeiv ^ovXxifihfov^. hrel 13 
S' *Api(rrapxo9 i\>0cop avv rpii^peo-iv i/cdikve hunfXjeiv 
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livcu, irdme^ B* hlrri<f}ia'aa'de ravra, rl oiv eyo) iv- 
ravda '^Slicrja'a arforfODV vfia^ evda iraxrvv vfiiv iBoKei ; 
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aOov, el iihf €7ratv& avrov, BiKalo)^ av jie Kal alri^a&e 
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expcfit irepl &v 7rpo9 rovrov Bta^ipofiai ; aXV etirovre 16 
av, on e^earv Kal rh v/jUrepa e^ovra rrapk SevOov 
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ioKOVP. aXXh TToXKov fioi Bok& Betv rd, vfiirepa ^eiv.* 18 


by Google 

204: xenophon's anabasis. 

ofivvoD yhp vfilv S€oif<; airaina^ koX irdam firfS* & ifioi 
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^ov €i\fj<f}€vac, fifj Toivvv fivjBk oaa t&v "koxar^&v eviot. 

20 Kot tI Btj ravT eiroiovv ; ^^jJ'fjv, & avBpe^, oat^ fmXKov 
{rvfi<f}€poifit TOVTtfi {rrjv Tore irevCav, roaoxntp /laXXov 
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22 Tda-0ai, iirel, et ye irp6<i ^/\ou9 ia-ri <f}v\a/ei], irdaav 
olSa vfid^ <f>v\a^afi€Vov^ «09 fiif irapa<r)(elv tovt^ irpo- 
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rd TOVTOV ovSk fi'qv /caTeBeiXcda'afiev ovBev e(f 6, ti 

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ipexypa Tore Tia^elp, c&9 /^lyS', el i^ovXeTo, eBvparo 
e^airaTap, irpo^ Taxna Bk aKovcwre a iyo) ovte dp 
TTOTe elirop tovtov epaPTiop, el /jlij fioi irayTdirdaof 
dr/pwjJLOpes eBoxeiTe elpai fj Xiap eh i/ie d^dpLOToc. 

24t dpafiPT^aOr^Te ydp, ip iroioi^ tvcI irparffiaq'LP optc^ 
€TvyxdveTe, i^ &p vfid<; eyo) dp'^yar/op irpo^ X^vdrip. 
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Bk X€iP'a)P fjPy drfopa Bk expriade anrdpia fiep op&PTe^ 

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eKcoXvop BunrXelp' el Bk fiepoi ti<:, ip iroXefiia elpcu, 

26 epda ttoXKoI p,ep imreh ^aap ipaPTioi, iroXKol Sk TreXr 
TcuTTal, ripZp Bk OTrkiTiKOP fi€P ^p, ^ dOpooi fLh iovre^ 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. VI. 205 

hrl T^9 Kcifia^ ?<ra>9 &p ehxwdfji^da avrov Xafjbfidi/eiP 
oifSev TV a<\>6ovoVy ortp Bk Bi(OKOVT€<; &v ^ dvSpwiroBa 
fj irpo^aTa KaTeXa/ijSdvofiev ovk fjv fiyAv ovre ydp 
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Xa^ov trap vfiiv. el oiv iv roiavTjf avdry/cy 6vTCi>p27 
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fjbaxov vfuv irpoaiXalSov, exovra xal iTnria^ seal TreX- 
TOOTa^, &v vfiel<i TrpoaeheiaOe, 7} KaK&<; &p ihoKOW 
vfiiv fiefiovkeva-ffat irpo vfi&p ; tovtcup yhp hrprov2B 
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TToBcOP /idWoP yLt6T€<r;^€T€. Kal TTOXiflLOP OVK€TC oif' 29 

Biva efopcjfiev, iireiBrf to imriKOP fjiup TrpoaeyipeTO' 
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TTj^ da<f>a\eia<:, tovto Bf/ to (tx^tXiop irddripu Kal Bed 
TOVTO ovBafiy oXeade ^PV^^^ fwi/ra ifie iap etpac ; pvp 31 
Be Bff 7ro)9 direp^eade ; ov Buix^iP'da'aPTe^ fiep iv 
d(l>d6vov^ Tor9 ifrvTr)BeLot<:, TrepvTTOP 8' e^ovTe^ tovto, 
et TV ekd^Te irapd SevOov ; Td ydp t&v iroXefiicop 
iBairavaTe. Kal Taxna irpaTTOPTe^ oxne dpBpa^ iTcei- 
Berre v/i&v axn&p diroOavovTa^i oihe ^a)PTa<: dire^oKere, 
el Be TC KaXop 7r/}09 tou9 ip Ty ^Aala ^ap^dpov^ iire- 32 
TTpaKTO vfilv, ov Kal ixetpo a&p e^ere Kal 7r/)09 iKelpoi^ 
PVP aXkrjp evKXeiap irpo(TeLKri<f>aTe Kal tov^ iv tj} Eih 
pdoTTTj 0paKa<;, ixj) 0&9 iarpaTeva-aa-ffe, KpaTr/aavTe^ ; 
iyci) fiev vfid<: <jyr)fit BiKalo)^, dv, wv ifiol ^a\€7ra«/€T6, 
TOVTCJV T0?9 ^eol^ xdpiv elBevav c&9 dr/ad&v. Kal Td fiev 33 
Brf vfieTepa ToiavTa. dyere Be 7r/oo9 l^e&v Kal rd ifid 
CKe^aade &^ ex^i. iyoi> yap, ore fjbh/ irpoTepop dir^pa 


by Google 

206 zenofhon's anabasis. 

(Xxcbbe, ix<ov fihf hrcuvov iroKifv irpo^ vfi&v am-erropev6- 
firp;, ifXl^v Zk St* vfiw; koX inro r&v oXXgoi/ ^EKKtivcdv 
djKKeuiv. i^iaT€v6/JLi]v Sk inrb Aa/ceSavfiovUop • ov yhp 

34 av fie hre/MTTOV irdXtv irpo^ vfia^. vvv he aTrify)(pfuu 
TTpo^ fihf AaKeSavfiovlox^ v<f> vfi&v Suij3efiXf)fjLivo<;, 
Sevdff Sk wjnfxOfjM^o^ inrkp v/jl&v, ip ijXiri^ov ei irodf- 
a-a^ fied^ vfi&v wiroirrpo^v koX ifiol icaXifv teal irauriv, 

25 el yivocvTO, KaraOriareadfu, vfieh B^, virkp &v iyii> 
din^0f}/jLal re irXeibTa koI ravra ttoKv KpeLrroaiv 
ifiavrov, irparffiarevofji^vo^ re ovBk vvv tto) irerravfuu 
8, TV Svvafuu d/yadbv vfiiv, roiavrrjv exer^ yvdfirjv irepl 

36 ifjLOv. aXX' ^ere p,kv fie ovre ^>evyovTa \ap6vTe^ aire 
dfroStSpda-KOvra* fjv hh iroirjarfTe a Xeyere, tare, on 
avSpa KaraKavovre^ eaeade irdKKd fiev Brf irpo vfi&v 
drYptrm^a-avra, ttoWA Bi pi/v vfuv irovrjaavra koX Ktth 
hiwevaavra Koi iv r^ fiipev koI iraph to fiepo^, Se&v 
£' T\e<ov 6vT<ov xal Tp&n-ava Pappdptov iroXKd hi} aifv 
vfiZv OTrfa-dfievov, otto)? Si ye fj/rfSevl r&v ^EKKi^vkov 
iro\ifiioi yivot^Oe, irav oaov iya> iSwdfJurjv irpb^ vfia<; 

37 Siarevvdfievov. koI yhp oiv vvv vfuv e^eariv dveinXi^ 
7rT<k)9 iropeveadav oirp &v iXrfaffe koI /card yrjv xal 
/card ^aKoLTTav. vfiei^ Si, ore iroXKif ifilv einropla 
(JMlverai, koX irXiere evOa Sfj erreOvfielre frdTuu, Siov- 
ral re vfi&v oi fi&^ioTOv Swdfievoi, fii^Oo^ SI ^ivereUi 
ffyefiove^ Se rJKovav AaKeScufiovLov oi KpdrujTOL vofiir 
^Ofievoc elvac, vvv Srf Kiupo^ vfiiv SoKei elvcu ay; rdjd^ 

38 oTa ifie KaraKovelv ; ov fiffv ore ye iv roi^ diropoi^ 
fffieVf & irdvTiov fivrjfioviK(i>TaTov, dXKd Koi iraripa 
ifik i/caXeire koX del co9 eiepyirov fiefiv^aOcu inrLo^eZ- 
aOe, ov fiivToi drpfdyfiove^ ovSi oJrrol el<nv ol vvv 
ffKovre^ e<f> vfia<;' Sore, w<; iya> olfuu, ovSi tovtov<: 
SoKeire fieXrlove^; elvat, tocovtoc Svre^ wepl ifii. ravr 
ehrcDv eiravaaTO. 

39 Xapfuvo^ Si 6 AouceScLLfiovLo^ dvcLordi ehrev, 'ilXX* 


by Google 

BOOK Vn. CHAP. VI. 207 

ov TO) aui, ifiol /UpTOi, [& avSpe^,] ov hiKalm^ SoKeire 
T^ apSpl TovT<p yoKeiralveiv • ^o) f^hp koX axnos ain^ 
/jLaprvprja-ai, SevOrf^ yctp ipa>T&VTO<: ifiov xal UoXi;- 
vIkov irepl UevoKJy&vrof;, rk av^p ecrj, aWo phf ovhhf 
el^e iiifi^lra<r0av, arfav Bk ^iXoaTpaTmrrjv i^ axnov 
elvcu' Sib Kal %6!/>oi' avr^ elvcu 7rpo9 '^fi&v re t&v 
AaxeSatfiovleov /cat irpb^ avrov. dvcurra^ iwl rovr^iO 
Evpv\(y)(p9 Aovauirrj^ ^Apich*; ehre, Kal So/cei yi fioi, 
avSp€<: Aa/ceBatfiSviOL, tovto vfia<; irp&rov 7)fi&v arpar 
Trfyrjaai, iraph S^vOov fjfjJiv rov jiLaOov avairpa^ac ^ 
hcovTO^ fj aKOVTO^i Kal firf irpirepov fifia^ awar^cuyeiv, 
HoKvKpdrrj^ hk ^A6rfvaio<; ehrev dvatnh^ irirkp Eei/o-il 
ip&VTOf;, 'Op& 76 fii]v, €<\yr}, & avBp€<;, Kal 'HpaK\elSrjv 
ivravOa irapSvra, S9 irapaXa^v rd %p^/AfltTa, & i7/iet9 
eTTOP^a-afiev, ravra airohofievo^; ovre S^vOjj diriSayKev 
ovT€ fipHv rd yiyvofieva, aXV avrb^ kXey^a^: irhrarai,. 
fjv oJfv aaxppov&fiev, i^ofieOa avrov ' ov ydp Sfj ovros 
r/€, €^, ®P?f ioTiv, d\V ''EXKrjv &v ^ETCKrjva^ 

Tavra dKovca^ 6 . 'HpaK7^iSrj<; fidXa i^en\drfrj • 42 
Kal irpoaehBiov t& Xevdrj Tjyei, 'Hfie2<: ^v aa^pov&fiep, 
airifiev hnevdev ck t^9 tovtodv inriKpareia^, koX dvor 
0dvT€<: iirl tov<: tmrov^ w^ovro dire\avpovT€<; ek rb 
iavT&v orpaTOTreSov, Kal ivrevffep S€v0r]<; vifLTrei^S 
^A^po^iKp/qv rbv kavrov ipp,i]via irpb^ U€vo(l)&VTa koX 
KeKevei axnbv Karap^elvac trap kavT& e'xpvra ;^t\foi;9 
6wX/Ta9, Kal vTTKT'xyelTai, avr^ diroBdxreiP rd re X^P^ 
rd hrl ^cCKarrri Kal rdTCKa h vTria-x^ro. Kal iv dirop- 
prfTtp TTOiffG'dp.evo^ Xiryei, otv dKtjKoe IIoXwIkov, o)?, €* 
v7rox€ipi'0<: eoTac AaK€Batp,ovLOL<:, na^w diroOavoiTO 
tnrb 0lfipoi}vo<;, hreareKKov Bk ravra Koi Si^O^i irdKr 44 
Xol r& U€vo(f}&vri, 0)9 Bia^e^rjfiivo^ elrj Kal f^vXdr- 
re(T0a4, Bioc. * 6 Bk dKowov ravra Bvo kpeia 7uifii>p 
iOvero r& ACL r^ ^a^CKel, irorepd ol X^y koX afiewov 


by Google 

208 xekophok's anabasis. 

€?i7 fiivevp iraph Sevdp iif> oh Xev0ri<i Xiye* fj airikiHU 
avv T^ <rrpaT€VfiaTi. ava4>p€i ain^ airi^cu. 
7 ^EvT€v0ev X^vdri^ fihf airearpaTOTrehevaaro irpO' 
a-ayripm' oi Sk '^EXXrjvet; ic/ci^vrjo-av eh tccofia^ oOep 
efLeXXov 'irXeiara iirunri^dfievoi iirl BaKarrav ij^etv. 
al Sk K&iiai axnai ^cav SeSopAvcu viro SevOov MrjSo- 

2 adBrj. op&v oiu 6 Mrfio<T6&q^ hanrav<i>fieva Th ecurrov 
iv TOA? Ka>/jLai<: xnro r&v 'EWi^vfov ^aXcTrm e^pepe* 
seal \a^a)v avBpa ^OSpvoTjv SwardTarov r&v aimOev 
Kara^e^fiKormv koX Imrew; oaov rptdtcovra epx^rcu 
xal irpoKoKelTat U€Po<f}a)VTa eK rov 'EWijviKov arpor 
revfuiTOf;, Kal 09 \a^<i>v Ttva<; r&v lioxo^&v Kol aXr 

3 Xou? T(bv iiriTfjBeltov irpoaipxercu, evda St) Xe^ei 
MrjBoadBr)^;, ^ASvKelre, & Bevoify&v, tA? '^jierepa^: tcay- 
fias iropdovme^. irpoTiiyofiev oiv vfuv, iyd re inrep 
SevOov Kcu oBe 6 ca^p iraph MrjSoKOV fjicaiv rov avcj 
fi€urv\ia>s, dirUvcu ix t^9 x^opa?' el Bk /iij, ovk ernr 
rph^/iep v/iiv, aXX\ ihp Troirjre /caKm ttjv fnieripav 
j(a>pa'P, W9 iroXefilov<; oKe^ofieOa. 

4 'O Bk UevoKJy&v aKov<ra<; ravra ehrev^ ^AXKd ao\ 
fih Toubvra TJyovTt, teal diroKplvaadai xcCKeirov rovSe 
S' &e/ca Tov veavlxTKOv \i^(0, iv elB^, olol t€ vfieh iore 

6 Koi otot, rip^h* VH^h fiev ydp, e<\yr}, irplv v/iiv ^CXjoi, 
y€pia0ac iiropevo/jLcOa Bid ravn]*: rrj^ ^copa?, otto^ 
i^ovXofieOa, i^v fikv ideKoviiev iropOovpre^, fjv 8' iffi- 

6 \oi/iev KalovTCf;, Kal av oirore 7rpo9 17/^9 ^X^o*9 Trpea-' 
fievtov, TfiiKi^ov t6t€ Trap* rjpZv ovBeva (f^o^ovfievo^ r&v 
iroX^fiUov vjjbeh Bk ovk yre eh TrjvBe rffv 'XjUipav, fj et 
TTore eXdoiTe, (09 iv Kpeirrovcov X^P^ rjiXl^ea-ffe iyKe- 

7 xf^Xivayfiivoi^ Toh t7nrov<:. iirel Bk 7}pZv <f>ikoi iyeveaffe 
Kal Be* rifJ^^ (Tvv S^eoh exere ti]vB€ ttjv x^opav, vvp Si 
i^eXavvere '^fia^ ck rrjaBe 7^9 X^P^^> ^^ ^^' rifi&v 
exovTcav Kard Kpdro^ TrapeXdfiere* e&9 ydp avT09 oladc^ 

8 oi iroTUfuoi ovx Uctufol ffaav 17/^09 i^Tuuivew. tcai oifx 


by Google 

BOOK vn. CHAP. vn. 209 

Sttc^ S&pa Soif^ /cal €i 'iroirjaa^ avO^ &v ed hraJde^ 
a^coh fifJi^^ airoTre^'^aadai, aXX' diro7rop€VOfi€POV^ 
rifia^ ovS ' ivavkurOrjvai oaov Bvvcurai eirLTpeirei,^. koX 9 
Tavra "Keyayv ovt€ 1^€0v<$ ala^vvrf ovre rovSe rbv avBpa, 
09 vvv pAv ae opa ifKovravvra, irplv Sk fipZv (filXov 
yeveadav wiro Xpareias rov jSlov expvra, 0)9 avro^ 
e^a-dq,, drap tI koX irpo^ ifik Ti^yecs ravra ; e<fyi] • 10 
ov yap eyoy/ eri ap)(a}j dTsXci AaxeSatfiovtoi, oh vfiel^ 
irapehoDKare to orpdrevfia dirar/a/yeip ovSev ifik irapor 
KoKeaavre^, & ^avpxurroTarot, ottod^, &<nr€p dm^or 
vop/qv avTol^ ore irpo^ vfia^ ijyov, ovro) xal ')(apia'alp/rpf 
vvv diroiiZov^. 

^Eirel ravra fiKovaev 6 ^OSpvarj^;, elirev, ^Eyo) fikv, 11 
& MrfSoaaSe^, kotcl t^9 7^9 Kara^vopuiv imo •n}9 air 
<rxvvrj^ aKovtov ravra. xal el fiev irpoadev rfTTLardr 
fiTjv, ovB^ dv auv7fKdKov07}ad aov Kal vvv aTrecfiv. 
ovSk ydp dv MrjSoKo^ /te 6 ^a^rcKev^i irraivolr), el efe- 
"Kavvoip^i T0V9 evepyira^. ravr ehroDV dvafids i^rl rov 12 
LTTjrov dirijiXavve /cat avv avnp oi dXKoi imrel^ ifKriv 
rerrdpcov rj irivre, 6 Be MrfSoadSrj^, ekinrei ydp avrov 
ri x^P^ irop0ov/Jb€V7), i/ceXeve rbv Uevo(f)&vra /caXAaai 
TO) AaKeiaip^ovico. xal 09 Xa^a^v rovs i'lnrrjSeiordrov^s 13 
TrpoarjXde rtp Xapp^lvcp /cal IIo\vvi/cq> /cal eXefev, on 
KoKel avrov^ Mrfioaa^^ irpoep&v direp avrS, dinevav 
ix T^9 Xfi>pa^, olfiav dv otv, eifyrj, vfia<s diroXa^elv ry 14 
OTparca rov o^eCKofievov fiiadov, ei eXiroi^re, on BeSerj- 
rac v/i&v 1} or pared owavairpa^ai rbv ficadbv rj irap 
€/c6vro<; fj Trap d/covro^ Sevdov, /cal on rovrtov rv^pv- 
T€9 TrpoOvfiw dv GweTreaOav vfiiv <f>a^i, /cal 5n Bi/caui 
vfuv ho/covai Xiyetv, Kal on vtria'xso'de avrol<; rore 
dTTiivaiy orav rd Bixata e^coo'Ai/ oi arpan&rai. d/cov- 15 
cavre^ oi Adxcove^ ravra e^aaav ipelv Kal dXKa oirola 
dv Bvvtovrav /cpdncra* /cal evOif^ iiropevovro expvre^ 
TTcana^ tov9 iin/ca^plov^. iKdoDV Bk eXe^e Xoffiivo^, 


by Google 

210 xenophon's akabasis. 

El fihf av T* ex€t9, & MrfioaaZ^, 'irpo^ fifjA^ X^eip, 
16 el Sk firj, '^fieis 'Jrpb^ ae 2^o/i€v. o 8^ MrjSoa-dJSTfi fidXa 

tA avrd, on d^tovfiep tov9 ^tXov? '^/uv yeyeprffiivov^ 
fir) KaKW irda-^etv i(f>* vfi&v, o,tc yctp &v tovtoxj^ 
xa/cw TTOirjre iifia<i ijSij TTOtoire' fjfLirepov ^dp elai^v. 
\7^H/Jb€is Tolwv, €^>aaav ol AdK(ov€<:, &jrloifi€v ai^ ottotc 
rov fiiadbv ^ot€V ol ravra vpSp Kara'trpd^avrei* el Zh 
p/q, ip^opsda p^hf xal vvv fioffdija-ovTe^ tovtoi,^ koI 
Tcp^pfiaopsvoc avSpa^, ot rovrov^ iraph rov^ opKOv^ 
rjhlKTjaav. fjv Sk Sff xal vp>ei<: roiovrot ijre, ij/devBe 

18 dp^op^eOa r^ SUaca Xafifidveiv. 6 Bk S€vo(f>&v elTrev, 
^EffeKoire S' &v tovtoc^, & MrjioaaSes, eiri,rph^a4,, 
hreiZi) ^t\ov9 e^re elvat vpXv, ev &v ry X^P9 ^o/tev, 

19 oTTorepa &v '^^urcoj/rat, eW^ vpu<; irpoaijKev ix rrj^ 
X^P^^ diriivav etre ^/tta? / o 8^ ravra p^kv ovk cffyi]* 
eKeXeve Sk p^oKtoTa p^hf avTm ro) Adxayve i\0etv iraph 
Sev07)v irepl rov p^i^Bov, ical oteadat &v SevOrjv Tret- 
aai,* el Sk p,'^, Uevo^vra avv avr^ iripnretv, Koi avpr 
irpd^etv VTTKrxyeiTo. eSeiro Bk rd^ /c(opM<: p>f) icalew, 

20 ^EvrevOev irkpLirovfTL Wtevo^&vra koI avv avr^ ot 
eBo/covp iiri,TqBei&raTOt elvai. 6 hk ekd<bv Xiyec irpb^ 

2i^ev0riv, OvBkv diravT/jaoDV, & SevOrj, irdpecpd,, aXXA 
ScBd^wv, fjv BvvoDpbav, m ov BtKaUo^ p^v Tjy^jBea-Orj^, or* 
inrep r&v crrpaTuor&v aTrprow ae irpodvpm^ h inri- 
(TXpv avToh* aol ydp eya)7€ ov^ ^rrov evopLL^ov avpr 

22 <f>€pov elvai diroBovvav ^ ixelvot,^ dvoXafietv. irp&rov 
p^kv ydp olSa p^erd roiffi .Jeov? €^9 to ^vepov ere ro^ 
Tov^ KaTO^TTja'avTa^, eirel ye ^a/rCKia ae eirobitrav 
woX\^9 X^P^^ '^^ TroXK&v dvOpdnrayv &<rre oir^ olov 
ri (Tov Xavddveiv ovre 7]v rt /caTiov ovre ffv rt aUrxpov 

23 7roti7<ri79. TOiovrcp Bk Svrt dvBpl pbiya pbiv puov eBoxei 
ehHu p,^ Bo/celv dxapi<mo<i diroTrip/^ff^UTOa^ &vBpa^ 
evepyira^;, p^a Bk ei dtcoveiv vtto e^OKKPxfi^U^v av- 


by Google 

BOOK yn. OHAF. vn. 211 

Bpinrfov, rb Sk fiSyurrov firjSafim iirurrov a-avrov 
Karao'Trja'av o,tv X&yoi^. 6p& yctp r&v fiiv w!rlarcoip2^ 
fiaralov^; xal aZwdroxri icaX arifiov^ tov? X&yov^ irXor 
vwfiipov^:' ot S^ &v <l>av€pol &aiv aX^deiav aa/coSvre^, 
TOVTCDP oi \oyov, nfjv ri heoDvrat,, ovZhf fulov Bvvavrcu 
oanfacurdat fj aKKoav fj ^la* ^v ri Tiva<: a'0)(l>povl^€iv 
fiovXayjrrai, yi^da/coo tA? rovT(ov aTreiKc^ ovx ^ttov 
am^povit^ovaaf; fj oKKcov to ffir} /coXd^ei^v • 7]V ri rco ri 
inn<r)(y&vTat oi rovovroi avipe^, ovSh/ fietov Sunrpdr- 
Tovrat fj oKKoL irapa'xprjiia SiSovre;. avafiviiadryn Si 25 
KoX cruy H irporiKiaa/i fjfiiv avfi/Jbdxov^ fjixa<; IXafie^, 
olaO^ ore ovSiv oKKct TTi^arevdeh aKri0ev<re(,v h IXeye^ 
hrripa^ roa-ovrov^ dvdpdyirov^ avarpareueadal re /col 
tcarepydaaadal aov dp^v ov TpiAKOvra fiSvov d^iav 
raXdvTCDV, oaa oXovrai helv ovroi, vvv dirdkapelv, oKKit, 
iroXKaifkaai^iiiV. ovkovv tovto fikv irpSnov to 7r^26 
areveaOal ae rh koI ttjv ^aaCKeiav aoi, learepf^aadr 
fiepop TOVTODV T&v ')(pfjfidTa)v VTTO aov TTCirpda'KeTCU. 
X6l htj dvafivrjaOriTiy irm fierfa fji^ov Tore /carairpd^Or 27 
a6ac a vvv KaTaaTpe>^dfi€vo<: ej^e^?. eyo) fih ei oK* 
ore evfft) av tA vvv ireirpa/y/ieva fxaXKov (rot, koto- 
irpw)(dvivav fj irdXXaifkdaLa To{no>v r&v 'Xprnidroyv 
jevia-dac, ifiol rolvw fiec^ov )8\a)8o9 fcal aXa")(Lov So«et 28 
elvai, TO Tavra vvv firj Karaa^elv fj t6t€ firj Xafieiv, 
Satj^ep 'xa\€7ra)Tepov i/c ttKovo-Iov irkvrtra yeviadav fj 
dp^v fiij ifKovrrjaav, icaX 0(rq> Xvmjporepov i/e /Scurir 
\€a>9 iSuorrjv <f>avr]vac fj dp^ijv firj ^aaCkevaai, ovkovv 29 
en-ioTCurac fbiv, on ol vvv <rov inrrjKOot yevofievov ov 
<f>i\,uf ry <ry iireiaOriaav inrb aov apx^aOav, dW' 
dvafy/crj, /cat ore eiri'^eipolev &v TrdXiv iKevOepot ylrfve- 
aOac, ei firj t49 airrov^ <l>6^o<: Karixot. iroripoyi oiv30 
oXei fjLoKKov &v (fyofieladai re avrov^ koX aoi}(l>pov€iv 
rd 7r/»09 ai, ei op^v aoc tov9 arparidyrcu; out© Suuceir 
fjLivov^ c»9 vvv re pAvovrw; av, ei crb K€\€voi<:, aSfOk r 


by Google 


&v ra'xy iKdovra^, el Siov, aWow re tovtodv irepX 
(Tov oKovovra^ iroKKh arfodb, rayp av <roc, o^rore 
fiovKoio, irapar/evia'dcu, fj el KaraZo^dareuiv iirfr hv 
aXXou9 froL ikOelv iC anrunlav ix t&p vvv 7676^17- 
fikvo)v TovTov<: re avrol^ eifpovaripov^; elvcu 'fj aoL ; 

31d\\^ p^Tiv oifShf irhJiQei ye vip^v Xeul>0€irr€<: virel^av 
aov, aXXA TrpoaTOT&v airopla. ovkovv vvp koX tovto 
kIvSwo^, fif) Xdfiayav irpoaTara^ avr&v riva^ tovtodv, 
ot vofii^ovatv VTTO trov aSc/celaOai, rj ical ToirrcDV KpeiT- 
Tova^ T0U9 Aa/ceScufiovloy^;, ictp oi fiev (TTpaTuyrcu 
xnnayy&vTai irpodvfWTepov axnok a-voTpaTevea-ffiu, &v 
T^ irap^ aov vvv ava/irpd^Gxriv, oi hk AateeSa^^vioi 
Stf^ TO Zeeadat t^9 OTpaTia^ awcuvea-axrvv avToU 

32TavTa. oti ye fi^v oi vvv inro aoi, Opa/ce; yevofievoit 
iroXif &v TTpoOvfJLOTepov Xovev hrl ae fj avv aoi ov/e aSif- 
\ov aov fikv yb,p KpaTovvTO^ Sov7i£ia virdp^eL airrot^, 

S3 /epaTovfJbivov Si aov ikevdepia. el Sk koX t^9 %<uf>a9 
irpovoelaOai ffir) tv Set cov oiJ9 ovarj^, TroTepw^ &v otei 
airadri Kaic&v fiaXXov aMfv elvcu, el ovtoi oi OTpa- 
Ti&Tcu d7ro\a/36vTe^ & eyfcaXovaiv elprjvriv KaTaKnTov- 
T€9 oX')(pvvTO, rj el ovtoI t€ pAvotev C09 iv 7ro\e/iia av 
T€ a\\ou9 Treipt^o TrKelova^ tovtcdv e)(o>v avTurrpaTo- 

34 ireSevea-Oat Seo/jbevov<; t&v eir^TqSeicDV ; apyvpiov Sh 
TTOTepo}^ &v irXeiov dvdKoodeh}, el tovtoc^ to 6(f>ei\6- 
p^vov diroSodeirf, ^ el Tamd Te o^eChJovro oKKov^ re 

35 KpeiTTOvw!; Toxntav Seoc ae piadovadat ; oKKci, yhp 
'HpaKXeiSrj, 0)9 7r/oo9 ep>k iSijKov, irdpirokv Soxei tovto 
TO dpyvpcov elvcu. ^ /Jiijv irdkv yi iariv cXuttov vvv 
aot Kal \afieiv tovto teal diroSovvai, rj irplv 'qpa<i eXJdelv 

36 W/069 ere Sexarov tovtov pipo^. ov ycLp dpiffpo^ earcv 
6 optfyDV TO irdki) Kal to oklyov, aXX fj SvvapL^ tov 
Te diroSvSovTO^ Kal tov "KapfidvovTO^* aol Sk vvv ^ Kar 
ivtavTov irpoaoSo^ ifKeUov ecrrcu rj ep^irpoadev ri wa- 

27 povTa irdvTa, & iKixTtjao. €70) pAv, & SevOr), ToXrra 


by Google 

BOOK vn. CHAP. vn. 218 

«b9 (f>C\ov 6vTO^ <rov TTpoevopvfjurjv, otto)? a-v re a^io^ 
ioKolfi'i elvcLL &v oi Seol aoi eSa)Kav arfctB&v iyco re fi)f 
Sccuf)0ap€lrjv iv ry (rrparia, eS 7^/? tadv, on vvv iyo) 38 
OVT &v ix'^pov fiov\6fi€Vo<: kok&s froi^rjo'ai Swrjdeltjv 
aifv ravrrj ry arparca ovr dv, eX trov irdTuv /SovXolfj/rjp 
fioTjOrja-cu, iKavo^ &v yevol/irjv ovro) yctp irpo^ fie 17 
OTpartib S^cucevra^. Kalroi avrov ae fuiprvpa <tvp 39 
Seoi^ elBoac iroiov/juii, on oire e^ea irapiu aov iirl roX^ 
OTpari^rad,^ ovBev ovre yTrjaa irayirore efe to tBcov ret. 
€/celva)v ovre & V7ri<r)(pv jiot airQTqira* Sfiwfn Si <rot 40 
fi/rjSk am'oSiSovTo^ Be^aaOcu av, el /jltj kol oi OTpan&rcu 
ifjLeXXov rh eavr&v (nwairokafi^dvebv. ai<r)(pov yhp 
fiv TCL fiev ifi^ Bia7r€Trpaj(jSatf, r^ S' i/celvcov irepciBeip 
i/jik Ka/c&s expvra aXXQ>9 re teal Tifia>/jLepov vir exelvcDV. 
tcairov ^Hpa/cKeiSrj ye \rjpo(; irdvTa SoKei elvat 7rp6<:il 
TO dpyvpiop e)(eiv Ik iravro^ Tpoirov eycD Be, & SevOrj, 
ovSh/ vofii^oD dvSpl aXX6>9 re xal ap'xpvrv xdWcov el- 
vcLv KTTjfia ov8^ "Ka/JLirpOTepov dperrj*; koX SiKcuoavvr^^ 
teal yevpod^oTTfTo^, 6 yctp TavTa e^coj/ irXovreL /to/ 42 
SvTODP (f}i\a)v TroXK&Vi ifKovrel Sk /cal aXKoov ySovXo- 
pMvoDV yeveaOcu, koI ei fiev irpdrrtov exet tov^ aw- 
riaOr^aopAvov^i ekv he ti a^KiKy, oi tnravL^et, t&v fiorj- 
dfjaovTcov. dXK^ yhp el iirfre eic t&p epAv epycDV ^3 
KarefiaOe^;, on aoi, i/c ttj^ i|ri;^9 <^t\o9 fjv, firire ex 
T&v ifi&p Xoycov Svva&ai tovto yv&vcu, dXKct, tov^ t&v 
KTTpaTLODT&v X070U9 TTai/Tco? KaTavoTjaov irapTjada 
yap Kol ^/cov69 h eXeyov ol '^erfevv ifih fiovkofLevot. 
KaTfiyopow fiev ydp fiov irpo^ Aa/ceSaifioviov^, c&9 o-k 44 
Trepl TrXeiovo^ iroLOLfirjv fj AaKeBacfiovlov^, avTol S' 
iveKoKow ifioi, 0)9 fiaXKov [lekoL fiot oiro)^ to o*A kot 
Xa)9 e^ot ^ 07rft)9 tcl eavT&v • €(f>aaav Be fie xal B&pa 
e)(€cv irapcL aov. KaLTot Tct B&pa Taxna iroTepovi^ 
olec avTov<i KaKovovdv nva eviBovTa^; fioi 7rp6<; ak aU 
Tuiadai fie e'xeiv iraph, <rov fj 'jrpoOvfilav iroXKifV irepl 


by Google 

214 ZENOPHOn'b AKABAfilS. 

46 (rk fcaravatjccafTa^ ; iym fikv olfuu irdvra^ ctvOpmrov% 
vofil^eiv eupouiv Seiv anroieeiaO(u rointp, irap oi &p 
B&pd Tt9 Xaafidinj, aif Sk irplv fiev vTnfperrja'al rl aot 
ifie iSi^d) ^Beci)^ /caX i/Mfiaat teal ^vy teal ^evloi^ tau 
oca etrovTo inrurxyovfievo^ ovk eveirifi'jrkcuro' iirei Be 
Kariirpa^a^: h ifiovKov xal yeyiprja'cu Saov iyw iSt/pd- 
urjv /Jbiyurro^, vvv ourto fie arufiov Svra ip rok <rrpar 

47 ri&nai^ roXfi^^ irepcopap ; d\XA p^i)p on aot ho^k 
airoSovpcu irurreva) teal rhp XP^^^^ S^d^ei^p ae seal 
auTop yi ae oi)(i avi^eadav to£^ aol irpoe/iipov^ evep- 
yealap op&prd aoc iy/ca\ovpra<;, ieofuu oip aov, &rav 
airoBiBtp^, irpodvfbetaOai ifik iraph rol^ oTparuiTcu^ 
TOiovTOP iroirjaait oXopirep KaX irapkXa^e^. 

48 ^Axovaa^ ravra 6 SevOrjf; KaTtjpdo'aro r^ alri^ 
Tov fiif irdXai dfroSeSoa-Ocu top fiurdop* icaX irdpre: 
* HpaicKelZviP rovrop virdyirreva'ap elpai' iya>ydp, e^, 
ovre Sievoi]0fjp Trdmore dwooTeprjaai diroSdHro} re. 

49 iprevOep irdTup elirep 6 Bepo<f)&p, ^Eirel toIpvp Suipo^ 
diroSiSopai, pvp irfw <rov hiofiat hC ifiov aTToBiSopcu, 
seal fir) irepuhelp fie Sici o'^ dpofioUi)^ e^ppra ip ry 

50 orpaTva pvp re /cat ore irpb^ crk d^LKOfieOa. 6 S' cZ- 
irep, '-4W' ovT ip rot? trrpaTKoratf: eay hC ifik drifio* 
repots ap re fiiptj^ irap ifioX 'Xpuov^ fiopov^ oirKlra^ 
^X^^> ^^ ^^* ''^^ '^^ X^P^^ aTToScoaa} xal rSXKa, h 

61 {r7rea')(pfirfP, 6 Be irdKip elire, Tavra fihf e)(j^iP ovtg>^ 
oifx otop T6* diroTrefiire hk fjfia^. KaX firjp, eifyrf 6 
S€v0rj<;, Kal da^aKearepop ye aoc olSa hp irap ifiol 

52fiip€ip fj dircipav. 6 Sk iraKiP eiirep, ^AWd rr/p fiep 
arjp irpopouLP iiraip&* ifwl B^ fiepeof ovx otop tc Sttov 
S' &p eyo) ipTCfiorepo^ &, pofii^e teal aol tovto arfoBop 

^Sea-ea-Oa^, iprevOep Xeyei SevOrj<:, ^Apyvpcop fikp ovk 
S^J^ dW' ij fit/cpop TV, Kal tovtS aov BiBcofii, ToXaPTOP* 
fiov<; Bk e^aKotriov^ Kal TTpS/SaTa ek rerpajcurxpua xaX 
apBpdiroBa ek elKoai Kal eKarop* raxna Xafioi>p koX 


by Google 

BOOK VII. CHAP. vn. — vra. 215 

Toif^ tSw aS^ierja-dvTCDV ae ofii^pov^ 7rpoa\afia>v wirid^ 
jekdaci^ 6 U€PO<f)&v elirev, *'Hv oiv fi^ i^ixinjrav ravra 54 
€69 Tov juaOov, t/j/09 TiiKavTov ^(ra> e^^vv ; &p ovk, 
iirei&q xal hriKlvhwov fiol iarcv, aiTLovra y€ afiewov 
^vKdTT€<r6(u irerpov^: ; iJKOve^: Sk tA? direiKaf;. rore 
fikv Sri avTOv e^ieive. 

Ty S* varepala airkhcDKe re avroi^ & inrea^ero letubb 
roif<i ravra eKdaovTw; avpiire/JA^ev. oi Bk (rrpar^SncLi 
T€Ci>9 pihf eKer/ov, ci&9 U€PO(l>&v ot^oiTO c»9 S€v07)v oi/cif' 
C(Ov KoX a u7ri(r^€T0 airr^ oTroKrf^oiievo^' iirel hk 
avTov rjKOvra elSov, fja-drja-dv re /cal irpoaWeov. Sevo- 56 
<}}&v S' ewel eZSe Xap/uvov re koI Ildkvvc/cov, Tavra, 
€<f>fj, Kal (ria-cixrrai Be vfia<; ry arpana /cat irapaZl- 
Bcofu avrd iya> vpiv if/JLek Bk Biadifiepov BidBore r^ 
arparca, oi fiev oiv irapaKa^ovre^ /cal \a^vpoir(i>Kja<i 
KaraaTi]G-avr€9 i7ra)\ovp, koI ir6KKr)v el')(pv alrlav, 
U€P0<f)&v Be ov 'rrpoaijev, aXKd (fuivepos ^v oXicaZe iror 57 
paaKeva^ofievo^ • oi) ffdp ttco '^^9 airr<p eirrjfcro ^A0i]- 
vrjai irepX <f>\rfrj<i. irpoaekBovre^ Bk avr^ ol eirLrTjBeioL 
iv r& (Trparo7reB(p eBeovro fitf aire^Jdelv irplv aircuydrfoi, 
ro OTpdrevfia Kal Slfip<ovL irapaZoiri. 

^Evrevdev BthrT^va-av ek Adp/^a/cov, koI diravra 8 
To5 Bevo<f>&vrt EvK\eiBi]<; /idvri<: ^Xidarw^i 6 KXear/S- 
pov v(09 rod rd evvirvta iv Av/ceiq> yeypaff>6ro<;, o5to9 
awi]Bero r& 'Btevo^&vrh on, eaeaayaro, Kal fipdna av- 
rov, iroaov j(pvalov e^xpi* o S' avr^ eiroiwaof; ehrev 2 
^ fL^v eaeo'dai pajBk i(f>6Biov Uavov oiKaBe dircovrc, el 
p,7f dirSBotro rov Xmrov koX a dfi^ avrbv eZ^ei/. o S' 
avr^ ovK eirlarevev. i*irel S* eirefi'y^av Aap/^aKrivol 3 
^kvuL r^ Uevo<l>&vrt Kal edve r^ ^ AiroXKoavi,, Trapeari]' 
aaro rov EvKXelBrjv IBodv Be rd iepd 6 EvKXetBrj^ 
ehrev, ore ireldovro ain^ p,fj elvai j^yq/JLara. *AX/C 
olBa, e^, ore k&v fiiWrj irork ea-eadcu, ^iveral rt 
iftm-SBiov, idv firjBkv dXKo, av cavr^. avviofidkoyei 


by Google 

216 xenophon's anabasis. 

4 ravra 6 Uepo^v. 6 Sk elirev, ^Efi7r6Sio<; ydp col 6 
Zeif^ 6 MeCKtyio^i i(m,, /cal hrripero, el ijSrj irore Sv- 
aeiev, &<nrep oXkoi, iifyq, eUaOeiv eyw vpZv ^veadtu /cal 
oXo/cavretv. 6 8' ovk i^ ef otovl dTreSij/irjae redv- 
kSvcu Toxntp T^ .Jew. am/e^ovkevaev oiv avr^ ^veaOac 

5 /ca0cb emOet, Kal e^ awolaecv iirl to fiekriov. ry Si 
v<jT€pala 6 U€VO(l)&v 7rpo€\0a>p eh ^0(f>pvviov iffvero 
Kal wXoKavrec ^xplpov^; r^ irarpltp vofiqi, xal iKaWU- 

6 pet, Kal ravTfj r^ Vf^p^ d^LKvelra^, Bioop Kal afjui 
EvKXelBf]^ 'XprjiuiTa hdyaome^ t& oTparevfiaTi, koI 
^evovpral re to3 Uevo<f)&vTi Kot (rbv) Xmrov, hv ev 
Aajju^Kip diriSoro irevr/JKovra ZapeiK&v, vTrowrevov- 
T69 avTov Si evSecav ireifpaKevat, on fjKovov axnov 
^SeaOai, rtp Xinrtp, Xvadfievot dnreSoaav Kal ttjv tv/jltiv 
OVK ij0€\op diroXa^elv. 

7 ^Evrevdev eiropevovro Svh t^9 TptpaSo^, Kal irrrep- 
Pdvre^ rrjp "ISqv ek "AvravSpop d^cKPOVPrav Trp&rop, 
elra iraph ^aXarrap wopevofiepoi rrj^ AvSia^ ek Oij- 

8 pri^ ireSlop. hnevdep SC ^Arpafivnlov Kal Keproplov 
Trap* ^Arappia eh KatKov ireSlop iXOopre^ Hep^afipv 
KaToKafifidpovav t^9 Mvala^;, 

^EpravOa S^ ^epovrav Bepo<f)&p irap ^EDCKaZi t§ 
royyvXov rod ^EperpUco^ yvpaiKl Kal Top^Uopo<; Kal 

9 Foyyvkov firjrpL avrr} S' avroS <f>pd^€t, on ^AaiZdrrj^ 
iarlp €p T^ ireSiip dpffp Heparin* tovtop €<fyi] avrop, el 
ihJdoi T?)? PVKTo^ avp TptaKoa-loi^ dpSpdat, \a/3eip &v 
Kal avTOP Kol yvpalKa Kal iralBat: Kal r^ 'XpijfiaTa* 

10 elpac Sk TToWd. ravra Se Kadrffqaofikpov^i eirefjAp^e 
TOP re avTfjf; dpe^Lop Kal Aa<f>pa/y6pap, bp irepl irKelr 
OTov eiroLelro, ex^yv otfp 6 '8i€po(f>&p tovtov<: irap 

11 eavT& idvero. Kal Baaia<; 6 'H\e«)9 fidprt^ irapiav 
elirep, on KdXKKrra etrf rd iepd avT^ Kal 6 dpr^p dKoh- 
(Tifio^ elf}. SecTTPi^aa^ ovp iiropevero tov<; re yjy)(arfoif^ 
ToiF9 iidXuTTa <f>t\ovf: Xa^ayp Kal nriOTOxf^ yeyepfffiipav^ 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK vn. CHAP. vm. 21Y 

Sih TravTo^, 07rci>9 e5 iroi^aat avrov^* awe^ifyxpvrcu 
Sk airrm Koi aXKot, iSuurdfievov eh k^aKoalov^' oi hk 
Ko^cuyol ainikavvov, iva firj fieraZolev to fiipo*;, c&9 
erolfiayv Sff ')(pr}fidTCi)V, 

'jEttcI Be cl^Ikovto 'irepX fieatv; vvKra^, rh fiev irepi,^ 12 
ovra avBpd'jroSa rfj^ rvpaio^ KaX 'xprifiara rh ifKjeUrra 
direZpa avToif^ irapafieKovvra^, c&9 tov ^AacSdnjv av- 
rbv Xd/Soiev koX tA eKelvov. irvp^oiui'XpvvTe^ he iireX 13 
OVK iSvvavTO lui^elv ttjp rvpatv, {nfrrjfKr) yap TjV koL 
fierfSiXTi KCLi irpofjui'xe&va^ /cat avBpa^ irdKKov^ /cal fuxr 
%//w>v9 expvaa, BtopvTreiv eire'xelprjaav tov irvpyop. 
6 Bk Tol'xp^ fpf eir OKTw ifKLvOtav yqlwov to eipo^, 14 
ofia Bk Ty Vf^P^ Suop<opv/CTO * koX e!>9 to nrp&Tov Bie- 
^dvrj, iirdTa^ep evBoOev fiouiroptp tis o/SeXia-fetp Buifi- 
Trepk^ TOV firjpov tov eyyvTdToy to Bi "KotTTOP i/CTO- 
^evovT€<: iiroLow /i/rjBe irapihfac €tc da^aXk<; elvau 
KeKparfOTwv Bk axn&v xal irvpaevovTttyv e/cfioTiOova-iv 15 
*lTafie\ios fikv e)(a>p ttjp eavTOv BvpafiiP, eK Kofuwla^ 
Bh OTrXtrai ^Aacvpiot koX ^Tp/cdpioi iTnreU /cal ovtoi 
fia^ikio)9 fiVG-0o<l>6pot^ e&9 oyBorjKOVTa, /cal aWoi^ ireX" 
Tcurral eh o/cTaxoaioxf^, aTsXoi 8' ex Hapdepiov, oKKov 
S' ef '-47roX\G)i//a9 Kal eK t&v ifKrjaiop ')(<opuov /cal 

*EvTavda Br) &pa fjp a/coirelv, ttw? lorat f} aj>oBo<i • 16 
KcCi, XafioPTe^ oaov fjaap fi6&; Kal irpo^aTa fjkavpop Kal 
dvBpdiroBa hno^ 7r\auriov Troirfad/juepoi, ov Toh ;^- 
fuurip ovT(o TTpoa-i'XpPTe^ top povp, dXK^ fii) ^uy^ etrj 
^ &<l>oSo^, el KaTcCKiTTOPTe^ Th j(p{]iiaTa dirioLep, Kal oL 
T€ 'rroXificov l^paavTepoi, etev Kal oi oTpaTC&Tav adyfio- 
repoi* pvp Bk diryeaap co9 irepl t&p xpi;/u£TCi>i/ /JLa'^pv- 
fiepou eTrel Bk edpa FoyyvKo^ oKiyovs fih/ to^9 '^-BX- 17 
Xrj^a^, woX\ov9 Bk tov9 hriKeifLipov^, e^epyeTat koX 
atnh^ fila TrJ9 p/ryrpo^ €j(fOP Tfjp eavTOv Bvpafiip, /3ov- 
X6/A€i/09 iiera<r)(elp tov epyov awe/So^dei Bk koX 


Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

318 zenophon'b anabasis. 

* IIpo/cKfj^ i^ ^Akia-dpVTj^ /caX TevOpavla^ 6 anro Aor 
IS fiapdrov. oi hi irepl Uevo^vra hrel irdw ijSri eirU- 
^ovTo inrb r&v ro^evfidTfov koX a^>€vSov&p, irop€u6fi€vo& 
tcvK\/p, 07rG>9 TcL &ir\a e^otei/ irpo r&v ro^evfidrfop, 
fioXt^ huifialvovai, rov Kdi/cov irorafiov, T€Tpo>fi,epok 
Idiryyv^ oi fiiMurei^^ hnavda /cal ^Ayaauu: ^n;/i^XM)9 
yjyXfuyo^ TiTpaHTKercu, top irdvra ypopov jiwxpiiepi^ 
irpb^ T0V9 iroKefilov^. /caX Buut(o^opt(u opSpdiroSa co9 
Suucoaia ixppre^ xal Trpofiara otrop SvfjMra. 

20 Ty Bi varepaia Svadfiepo^ 6 Bepo^v i^ttyei pi/CTa>p 
irap TO oTpdrevfLo, Sttg)^ Sti fJbOKpordTrjp eXJBot t§9 
AviCmi eh rh fit) Sih rh eyyv9 elpcu <f>o^€ia-0ai aXX' 

21 cuj>v\(UCTeip. 6 Sk ^AaiSaTt)^ eucoxHTWi, ore irdXip err* 
avTOP T€0vpApo<; eXrj Bepo^p /cal 'irapri r^ arpareih 
fian rj^i, i^avkOjercu eh Ktajuv; vtto to HapOkpiov 

22 iroKuTfia ej(pvacu;. hnavda oi irepl U€PO(f>&PTa aup- 
Tvyxdpovaip avr^ /cal Xafifidpovaip avrop xal yvpaZ/ca 
/cal TraSZa/^ /cal tou9 tinrov^ /cal irdpra rk Spra* icol 

23 oino rh irpSrepa iepk aTrififj, etrekra irdXtp dtfy^/cpovp- 
rat 669 mpyafiop. ipravda top l^eop ovk 'prtdaaro 6 
B€PO<l>&p* ovpiirpaTTOP ykp /cal oi Adxmpe^ /caX oi 
Xo^^oyol /cal oi aXXo^ arparfiyol /cal oi oTparmrcu 
&(rr i^aipera \afifidvecp koX Xmrov^i /cal ^evytf /cdi 
T&Xhxi' &aT€ ucapbp elpai /cal oKKop TjSrj ei woLeip, 

24 ^Ek tovtov SL^poDP irapar^evojAepo^ ira^iKafie to 
oTpdrevfia /cal avfifii^as r& SXKj(p .^E^XriPi/c^ eirohA- 
fiec irpb^ Turaa^ipprip /cal ^apvdfia^op. 

25 [^ApxovT€<: Sk oZSe t^9 ficLo-OUay; %c6/>a9 ootjp 
eirriXJBoiiep. Avhuv; *Aprifia<:, ^pvyias ^Aprajcdfuv:, 
AvKo^oplm /cal KamraZoKlajf; M^OpiSdrrf^, KiKuclofi 
Svipp€<n9, ^oipUcri^ \/cal ^Apafiia^ Aipprj^, Svplaf: /caX 
^Aa-avpla^ BiKeav^, BafivK&po^ ^Panrdpa^, Mrfila^ 
*Apfid4ca^, $a>auip&p /caX ^Eairepvr&p Ti,pl/3a^o^* Kap 
Sovxpi Bk /cal Xd\v/3€<: /cal XcOsZaio/, /cal MdKp<oP€9 


by Google 

BOOK vn. CHAP. vm. 219 

KciX K£Kx^^ ^ Moaavpo^KOi koL KoItol ical Tifiapfipol 
ain-Svofioi' Ila^Xarfovla^; KopvXa^, Bi0w&v ^apv6r 
fia^o^i r&p iv Evpdmrj Opax&v Sevdf)^, dpiO^^ Be 26 
avfiwdoT)^ TTJ^ oSov T^9 avafidaeo}^ /cat Karafiiaem^ 
araOfiol Buuc6<ru}i Be/cofiripTe, irapairiifffcu xCXxoi hear 
Tov iranrfKovTa whrre, ardSui rpicfivpui T€Tpcucur)(lr 
\ui i^cucSaui TrevnJKOvra* ')(p6vov wKijdo^ t§9 avor 
Bdae<os koX /caTafidaeoi)^ ipuivro^ koX rpeh /t^V€9.] 



by Google 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


showing the Tariations of HsBiLBDr's Text from that of L. T^ODcmr^ wk 
pnbliahed by Tenbner in 1851. 

The reading of Dindorf gUmda first in eachpaasage. 

I, 2, 1 T^ iyravOoL\ itrravda 2, 8 Mtyaptht tis} Mtyapcht 2, 9 2d- 
ffts] Z^wrias 2, 10 K^pd/mr'] Ktpa/i&r 2, 14 Tvpuuoy] TvpidMȴ Sjo- 
pert 2, 16 inittitaBupiUvail 4icK€ica\ufAfi4yas 2, 22 f/ivAcMv] o^/ivAcwr 
2y 27 a^aprdCw0ai] a(nrd(€ff$ai (jaawfnrdCt^Bat C. Matthiae as in I, 8, 14) 
B, 1 wp&Tos 8^ irpwTor ik C. MatUiiae 8, 2 cfTa 8^] clra 8, 4 irp^f 
robs Bp.2 M Toift Bp. 8, 6 Uwp] Jiroi 8, 10 Kftira Si] Ircira 
8, 15 f &y] ^y &i^ 8, 17 ; 50/17] f ^ 80/17 3, 19 &yay7c:Xa<] dnny- 
yciXeU 4| 2 2(rc] Zrt 4, 3 ^ AcuccSai/iffi^iof] Aaicc8ai/t((yios 4, 8 'AfipO' 
K6fiq,'] *AfipoK6pM Kriiger 4, 6 MvplavZpov] Mvplaviop 4, 7 h^itot] 
9u&K€t 4, 10 Adp^iyros] AapdStucos 4, 15 tls ro(f/ivaXiy] rot{fiwa\tF 
4, 15 ^/Xoi] ^l\ov 5, 8 iroicii' &<nr€p opy§, iK4\€v<r§'] wou7t^, Bffirtp hp^ 
yp iK4\9v<r€ 5| 9 Z<rip filv] Z<rip fih^ &y 5, 18 /nr^oi] Inrcis 5, 
14 rh ainov wdBos] rh odroO wdBos 6, 1 Ix^] ^X^^'^ ^1 ^ a^^] a^9» 
6, 3 ^«y Iinr/eis] Ix^'' IvirciS 6, 4 W9pl rV a^rov] w(p\ r^y oikov 
6, 5 aiir^] air^ By 10 ^irl daydr^^ ^^ ^dyaroy 7, 5 iwurxyfi!] ^<- 
aX>f 7, 11 «• aJ] 8^ 7, 15 fi^a «^ . . . f»c*<riv] [f>«a «^ . . . |r«- 
criy] ErOger 8, 8 Kvp6s re] Kal KOp^s re 8, 6 [x^erai . . . SioiriK- 
HvyfCuy'] \4y9Tat . . . ^laKivZvyt^tty 8| 8 o&] (ov) 8, 18 *EAAi}micoS] 

['EAXiiyiieov] Hertiein 8, 18 rb lovroS] r£y Utnov 8, 20 l^/pcro] 
^4povro 8| 20 &ffTtp 4y hnroZp6pu^'\ [&(netp iy linroipdfi^'] Herdein 

8, 22 ^/i/(rci] iy ^ifiltrti Bisschop (anott. critt ia'Xen. Anab. Lngdmii- 
Bat. 1851) 9, 15 k^iovaeat] ii^tody 9, 81 irtpl ainhv^ wop' avrhy 
10, 12 ^irl I^Xov] IM I^Aov] 

n, 1, 2 w4fiwoi] w4/iT(i Iy 8 Ari/Mpdrov] Aafutpdrov 1, S &p» 

uuyro] &pniiyTo Sdindder 2, 5 ISci] 9€« 2, 11 li^a 9* clri] Ma U 
Tt Schneider 2, 15 y4pwero] p4iJLoarro 8, 1 r^Sc] t$9c 8^ 8 toik 



to] Ttiirii Zenme 8, 27 irop€i<r€<r$ai] vope^cofcu 4, 1 wapoixon4v»ifJ 
wap^X*!/^^^" 4i 4 [rhv'] jSouriX^a] rbi' fiouriX4a 4, 6 fcr/tcv] otSofitp 
4, 17 iropi T^f 7.] ^l T^v y, 4, 19 o-M^ci/xcv] <rv$&fi€y 4, 26 8<roy 
8i] Z<rovl\ \hi] 5, 2 XP^fC^O XP2^C«< ^> ^3 fty KoA^crcfrdc] &ir KoXdr 
(rai(r0e Hertlein 5, 18 ircS^a & d/ie'O ^i^^^^ 4/**'' ^9 ^^ cXrios r^] 
dfrios ToD 5, 23 cTrcr] clirof 5, 81 M reus ^6paif lifityoy] ^vl ^^ 

pais ^/i. 5, 83 iifi<f>iyy6ovy] i^fuj>tyy6ovv'Buttmaam (Anaf. gr. SpraohL § 86 
Anm. 6) 5, 88 ficun\€hs] [6] fiatriKehs 6, 12 ipxoirrasi hpxoiiivovs 

in, 1, 2 &va>\c6\co'ay3 Aff-oXf^Xco-oy 1, 6^ icfiUXioTa] KdhXiffr* fti^ 

1, 17 6juoirarpfov] rov 6fLoiraTpiov 2, 12 ^Wcrovs] ^Sffovs &y 2 87 &X- 
Xo T<] &XXof Ti$ 8, 7 ^^vfTo] iyivomo 3, 12 alri^Kro] "jriSivro 

4, 10 irpiy if WXei] irpby [-ifj irrfXci KrOger andPoppo 4, 16 Sku^oi] 
pK^ai] Kriigor 4, 16 rp t^c htpofioXltr^i] [t§ t<Jt€ &icpo)3oX((r€t] Mu- 
ret 4, 22 kv^l^ifi'w\afro(»'\ &y i^^iciinrXaffav Kriiger 4, 23 hnva^- 
%aav\ iiriTopria'atv 4, 24 ^ t«$M^] kc^M^ ^f ^^ ivafiaiey] iumfiaireiy 

4, 80 oi fAkr rf 69 f] ol fiy 4v ry 69^ Bisschop ^^ Bl icak Kfii$d»] xplBiLs 
4, 83 dt4<f>€poy} ZU^tptv 4, 88 hpfMvr^s^ Spfwfiewovs Schneider after 
StiidaS 4, 88 woptvifuyoi] ieopwoti4vovt 4, 86 \Ouv\ XucrtreXcvy' 

4, 47 ox«r] hxy 5| 13 Toff/iiroXii'] roHtu-waKiv [^] 6, 14 tuxiui\^ 
rovf] koKuKiras 5, 17 iucf^ffomts 8^] kKo^am^s 

IV, 1, 14 ^ooT((yT€f] htitn&m^s Poppo 1, 19 i^at ahrbt] ^A^ta 
1, 20 ^voNyy/ycroi irpbs ravra\ iwoKpiytreu 1, 20 ^e] 194 1, 24 ov 
^^17 Sick raCra] 8ui raOra oit ^fij 1, 24 Tiryx<ii'€«] ir{ryxav€ 1, 27 
^/(rroyroi] ^^ftrraTflu 8, 4 MctpSoi] Map8({yioi 8, 12 wpdfffiarop'} 
wpofffiarhy ErOger 8, 12 itp6a$w dtafialyuv] irp6<rd€v diafirjvou 8, 
29 and 82 o'aXviirr^s] traXwtyKrijs 4, 17 iroSavbf] r^ wo^arhs 5, 1 irp2y] 
irp^y ^ 5, 5 &XXo ri cf rt] &XXo [r<] el ri Bomemann 5, 10 iro/>€^ 
oiyroj wop^^ovTot 5, 10 dvcxoi] &ir^x'' ^1 ^^ t^'' 6$^^] ^y ry 6S^ 

5, 14 avroif ircrotiy/i^vat] w§iroi7tfi4yat 6, 19 Xc^irety] Xtvcty 6, 22 6s 
fffBovro] iwfl fjffOovro 6, 24 &XX4x»y] &XX^Xo» 7, 10 $^ ^ rpia} 
d{fO Ktd rpU 7, 18 Aiv4as2 Aivtlas 7, 28 fioii irXcM (^) iM 
irX€t«y Kruger 8, 1 r^y rwy] r^y tc r»y 8, 2 thrfpdf(ioy] ^^ 
Sc^iwy 8, 8 Zi'fiyayov] wapiiyayor 8, 17 4avr£y3 a^^'' 8, 18 &ycb 
k/mCtos] avoKpayivTts 8, 23 ^X]^foKTo] ^XijffoKTo 8, 26 tvw tiv] 
iiroi hf Eruger 

V, 1, 4 $i Kol] Zk [koI] Kruger 1, 9 iitpiae4yr^s\ [lAtptaehrrts] 
KrAger has omitted it 1, 10 irXcvo-^/<€0a] irK€v<ro(fyL^9a 1, 12 iccrr- 
^7»^«v] icaraydymfitv 2, 14 ^ju^o'c] ^/aoO 2, 21 Kaer4\iicov Z^l Kara' 
Juv6tn€s 2, }6 ^opcTy] ^cpciy 8, 6 V ^^ rt wdiy] tl Z4 ri wdBoi 
8» 9 tnenv&fftv'] ffiaiPov<riy 8, 18 TON EXONTA] TON AE EXONTA 


by Google 


4, 4 rxe|€] C\f7c 4, 6 eT t( irorc] cT ri inAwoB' 4, 20 Sire/) ri/uy] 

iwfp oW 4m<'' ^f 21 S^(irrc and 8i}Ai^airrc] 8J|crc and hiKAtrert 

4, 32 &ir6^fuoy] a^4fua 4, 84 ^' lovrois] 1^* lovrwy Erdger 

5, 8 kwotKlav] iiroUovs 5, 7 4>^fH>v;] 4>^poy 5, 11 Xofifidytty} fiiif 
Xofifidiffiv 5, 20 air&v] iavr&y 5, 22 iroi^cro/Acy] iroioififBa 

5, 25 Sv] Kal &y 6, 12 ^/ic<9 &v ir\4oifi€r} rifitts 8^ irA^i/icv &y 

6, 15 imr^as] tinrcis 6, 16 r6 rt ednuy] r6 re air&p 6, 24 t^j 
/liy and r^s 8i] t& fih^ and ra 8^ 6, 88 iatoXiir^ riya] &vo\iv^y 
6, 88 iif^olKtffoy] iZiZUffoy 7, 5 &$ucciy and &8iicciy] &8(ic«v and &8i- 
icotWcf 7, 18 &T^\0ov] iiwtxetw lion, Tulg. ^AdcZy 7, 80 flu^ucFci- 
o-^oi] a^i/ci^<r6€ 8, 2 r^y irpSnov irpwrw] T^y irpHrw 8, 4 ^8t8«f] 
^StSovr 8, 6 &ira7a7c6i'] iyar/^v ErOger, vnlg. airciywv 

VI, 1, 1 \ii{6fji€yoi] \fii{6fityoi 1, 16 rpi^pci;] rpt^pi} 1, 22 lopo- 
Kcyoi] kapoKivai 1, 28 Sinrep] &0V€p 2, 4 (rrra] (r<r/a 2, 6 loTi 
8* ot] eto-l Z* o\ 2, 11 lavro^f re] lavToirs 2, 18 a^wvj a^rov KrOger 
8, 1 Dindorf places this on the maigin 8, 8 8ta4>v7<{vTc$] Ziwptifyovr^t 
8, 4 8ie^v7oi'] Zi4<p€vyov 8, 16 &iroirA,cv(r^/ic0a3 airoirAcvcro^/ic^a 

3, 16 fifvovai re] pL^POvtrt 84 8, 26 ^iroAe/veo-ficu] &voAtir^(r0ai 

4, 9 [iroAcb] icoAi 4, 9 fi4ya xai irvpitp fieyd\7ip] fi4ya 4, 10 'Aya- 
clas Tc] 'Ayoffias [re] 4, 10 icai ot &AA01] iceU [0/] &AAot 4, 16 mj- 
/>^|as Ecfo^tfi'] Ktip^ias 4, 22 jSovv] jSovs 5, 4 roD <rrf>aroire8ov] 
arparo7r4Zov 6, 8 Kar^yoy] Kar^yorro Cobet (Mnemosyne Jahig. 1852» 
2. St.) 6, 15 oZv &voA^»] M^*" oly hroXiv 6, 27 A>fCo<To] Xnlioiro 
6, 29 trvi^ye] (rw'fiyary€ 6, 81 ^^eXro] d^cTro 

VII, 1, 1 irA^orrer] iier\4ovT€s 1, 2 r^v o^rov] d^v avroS 
1, 8 a7rov\€v<r6fupos] h.vov\wffo(fiitvos 1, 26 lopcuciPras] kvptuciras 
1, 28 Aaic€8aifioW«y /i^v Ka2 r»v 'Axfluwi'] hoKtZcufioviois fi^y Koi tw 
iLpxalwv Fflngk (jkpxaiuy given by H. Stephens as a yarioos reading) 
1, 88 <r7ra} <nrla 1, 85 a-Tra] ffirla 1, 86 ts fty] 8otis tty 
1, 87 &AAot ctKo<n] &AAot ^KOtriv &v8pe; 1, 87 &i^p] cIs i^p 

1, 89 McAAoi] fi4Wois ErOger 2, 6 e^pp] c0pot 2, 25 irap^ i^oA^r- 
r]?] M haXdrrp 2, 26 f0i yvv] X$i vvv 2, 84 Ajj^dj/iei^of] Aiji^tj^/xevof 

2, 87 8c|€i] 8% 8, 20 irc^crei] ire/op 8, 29 iroi^(ro<] irot^cret 
8, 81 kxoKii^^it rr^crei and icaraicr^(r€i] &«-oA^^, «cr^(n7 and Karaicriiaji 
8, 81 Aj/f€<r6at] AiyfCecreai 8, 81 itphs <ri] »p<Js <re 3, 84 6/i7y koI 
^/uy] ^/lui' KoL ifA€7s 8, 86 &yafi^crc] ayofifyure 3, 45 8€ei] 8€J; 

3, 46 linr^as] lirireTj 4, 2 8ir»j fiiirdhs y4vriTai] thus tiv /iiffdhs y4voiTo 

4, 8 8c<rai] 8^€rfiu 4, 10 /iij8rr€poi'] iiifi\ ertpov 4, 11 Tm fi^] Xpa firfi* 
4, 12 rifji4peu ob"] rifi4p(u r* oft Schneider 4, 12 tricni'fty'] ffiaivoUv 
4, 19 (ToAiriicr^y] (ToAirtYicr^i' 5, 1 iipxtdov riif6s] \i^X^^ ri¥6s] KrOger 

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5, 5 ffavrov] iaurov 5, 8 wmpaZd^troi] xapaZt&ffiiv 5, 13 Ai^ovroiJ Xril* 
(otnai 6, 1 cupiKyovtrrai] ittpucyurcu 6, 2 S^ci] 5^ 6, 21 aia'x</ve<] oiffx^lH 

6, 22 ^juas and ^/uy] ^/uas and i^/iTy 6, 24 xpo<riotT€] xpofffrt Boxne~ 
znann 6, 36 KaTcucfKaySret] KvraKw6vr^i 6, 37 Sre] tn 6, 37 
irXcire] v\4m 6, 41 ^verbs ihrb] hifaffras (ntep 6, 44 iiyaipei SeJ 
^yaipe? 7, 7 I'uv 2^] vvy Se 7, 9 aitrx^y^i] altrxvvif 7, 11 ^T€l 
Sc] ^Tcl 7, 31 Seurdat] b4t<r0au 7, 35 r^ Scjcarof] SeKorov 7, 49 Sia- 
voci] iicuf(yg 7, 60 Icrei] lo-j; 8, 3 icpcm] lepd 8, 6 Biruy\ Blvy 
8, 6 tmrov] (rhy) Xmroy Poppo 8, 8 Yi€pTtoyov\ VLtproviov 8» 16 r^ 
oi'SpiiToSa] ay^pciiroSa 8, 20 Sore fij|r] cis rb /uJ!^ 8, 25 and 26 2fp* 
Xorr€s . . • /ii^yer.] [j&pxorrts . . . u^ycf.] 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 



Digitized by L3OOQ IC 


L CommmMon <m ike Ambatis* 

Krflg. . . KrQger. Hert . . Herttein. 

KQlm. . . Kttlmer. liatt . . liatthlM. 

n. OAer Autkoriiies. 

li. Sb S.— Liddell ds Soott's Oreek-English Lezioon. American edition. 

And. A Bt— Andrews ds Stoddard's Latin Orammar. 

6r. or Gram.— KlUmer's Greek Grammar (larger editionX pablished by D. Ap 

pleton Sb Oon N. Y. 
Die. Antiqq.— Dictionary of Greek and Boman Antiquities. By Dr. WHllanc 

Smith. Little ds Brown, Boston, 1849. 

UL Worts qfXmcpkm, 

Oyr. or Cyrop. . . Oyropaedia. 

Mem. Memorabilia. 

Hellen. Hellenica, or Historla Graeoa. 

AgeSb Agesilan& 

Oyneg. Cynegeticiis, or de Yenatione. 

IV. Other AvOors. 

Plat . . . Plato. Dent . . . Demosthenes. 

Tha<7d. . . Thneydides. Died. Sic. . Diodonu SicoliUi 

Herod. . . Herodotus. Plat . . . Plutarch. 

V. MitceUan&ms. 
Gt (•" oonfor) . . compare, see. 
ee. (— scilicet) . . namely, to wit, understand. 
IC.T.A. .... Kol rh konrd b etc. 

art articlOi 

oomm. commonly. 

Ut Utezally. 

syn. synecdoche. 

meton. metonymy. 

c.(i*cum) . . . with. 

Xen. is often used instead of the Ml name Xenophon. 

The remaining abbreviations, as gen. for genitiye, and the like, are thought to b« 
foilclently obTious without particular explanation. 


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"Oo'a iy ry hyafidff^i rp /icr^ K^pov ol "EXkrirti Ihrpa^atf /i^xpi rijs ydr 
XHh — ^'^ Anabasis proper; that is, the march upward to the yicinity 
of Babjlon, indudiiig an acconnt of the battle of Cunaxa. 

The occafflon and manner of raiong flie army. 

§ 1. Darius IL, called Nothos, was kbg of Perda from 423 to 404, 
B. G. — Atipfiov Kol Ilof). ytyvovrcu : lit. there are horn of Darius etc 
Aapelov is gen. of origin or anthor. Gram. § 273, 1 ; yiyvovrai is the 
historical present, which is more common in Greek than in I^atin. Gram. 

§ 266, Rem. 1. Cf. jnst below fterair/fwrerot, iivafiaiveif ZiafidKKfu 

veuves $^ : instead of two children, Ctesias the Greek physician employed 
by Darins and Artaxerzes mentions thirteen. It appears &om 1, 8, 26, 
and 27, that Xen. had read the works of Ctesias. We mnst assume, 
therefore, that he says in this place veuScy 9^o, not because he supposed 
that Darius and Paiysatis bad only two sons, but because only two are 
particularly considered ; or because all except Artaxerxes and Cyrus died 
young. This latter statement rests on the authority of Ctesias (Persica^ 

c 49, cited by Grote). Artaxerxes II., called Mnemon, reigned from 

404 to 361. TtXtvr^v : often occurs like hpxfi without the article.. 

Cf. 2, 6, 29. Mem. 1, 5, 2. M rcXevrg rod fitov. 

§ 2. fiiy, which cannot properly be translated into English, nerves in 
general to caU attention to the fact that the clause in which it stands is to 
be distinguished from another clause which follows. The following clause 
is commonly as here introduced by 9c. Both of these particles are always 
postpontiTe. xap^y cannot be translated literally; the Eng. idiom 


by Google 

228 NOTES. 

reqtdres an infin., hofpen/ii to he preamt. For the verbs with which the 
particip. is used as a oomplement instead of the infin., see Gram. $ 810, 4^ 

fieraiw4fiTertu : 9end$ for^ suggesting by flie middle Yoice the idea 

to come to himself (Gram. § 250.) ; hence the construction inrh rrjs kp. 
bj which it is followed. icol o'Tparriyhw 94 : a transition to an inde- 
pendent from a relative clause. So in 1, 8, 26, and ofben. The command 
of the forces which assembled in the plain of Castolus (in Ljdia), had 
belonged to Tissaphemes ; bat he had been succeeded in 407, B. G. by 
Cyrus, and hence arose without doubt the secret enmity of Tissaphemes 

to Cyrus. iBpolCorreu : are wont to asaeoMe, to be reviewed annually 

by the governor {ffarpdwns) of the province. &s ^thov ; cu afriaidt en 

the supporiiion of his bemg a friend, its denotes that which appears to be, 
or is represented to be. It is frequently used thus before participles. 

Cfl &5 ktroKTW&p § 8. ityafiaiy€i . . . Mfirj i such changes &om the 

historical present to the past are very frequent. For similar repetitions 
of the same word, cf. 1, 7, 13 ; 1, 10, 3. Allusion is made again to this 

first expedition of Cjrus to Babylon in 1, 8, 18, and 1, 4, 12. Hap- 

pdo'iov : the Parrhasians were an Arcadian people. 

§ 3. KariffTH €15 r^v fiaoiXtiay : became establi^ed in the kingdom. A 
verb of rest is here followed by a construction which denotes motion — an 

elliptical fonn of expression not uncommon. &si saying that, to the 

^ectthati — ^tfiov\e^ii oratio obUqua, Gram. § 345. &s hrokrevSawi 

as if to put him (Cyrus) to death. Of. note on Sos § 2. The fut. partdcip. is 
often used as in Latin to denote a purpose. — ^-^ avr6v belongs to hirowiiir 
TCI as well as to i^avrn<raii4vri, 

^^, its I as, when, vt, Zfwu$ : used here as a relative adv. how, is 

what way, Cf. 4, 6, 7 ; 4, 8, 9. Mr^i inthe power of ixt with th# 

dat. is also used in this sense with ylyvtoBau Ct 8, 1, 13, and 5, 8, 17 
fiir^PX* • favored, Cfl 5, 6, 23. 

§ 5. Zims : although singular is collective, and hence may relate to 
trivras which is pluraL Observe the notion of repeated action ex- 
pressed by the present and import ^lariBsU, kxew4fiTero, iu^uaftiro, 

rȴ icapk fiafftXiasi a condensed fonn of expression very common in 

Greek as well as in English for r&y Topit iScuriXc? xapii fiaot\4»s. 

fiaotXt^s, when spoken of the Persian king, seems to be viewed as a pro- 
per name ; and hence the use of &e ardde with this word as with propw 

names generally is extremely variable. See Gram. § ^244. 7. r&p 

fiapfidpwy ixtfjitXttro its = iT€fie\eiro &5 ol fidpfiapoi : he paid attention to 
the barbarians that th^ etc,; instead of, he paid attention that the barbarians etc 
An instance of what may be caBed aniidpation or prolqms, common ly 
called aOraOion, It is particularly frequent with iTifi€K4ofuu, — ^rol- 
KWf ix^ty : to be JHend^. An adv. with Hx^ty instead of an acyeck wiUi 


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tlyai is a firequent idiom, e. g. 8, 2, 87, HxXms ix^9 *^ ^ odkarvim; 
4, 8j 16, KoXius Hx^tVf io he weB f 3f I, 8, ke6/iots ix^w* ^ ^ diqmited. '— -^ 
cfijo-ay instead of cTcv is not uncommon ; but see note on irapaHhiftna^f 
2, 1, 10. 

§ 6. r^y implies that the Grecian force here mentioned was something 

abready well known; a common use of the article. ii$poi{ty and 

hroi€iTO : observe that the imperC here denotes an action in its continuance, 

not as in § 5, rt^peaied action. See Gram. § 256. Uri qualifies kxapor 

(TKevirarov : &s and Bri like the Latin quam are often used to qoalifj the 
superlative degree. When &s is used the expression is often still further 
strengthened by the proper part of i^ofutu Thus just above, &s yuikuna 

ii^yarOf the wry most he vxu able, as much as poemble, Mo'os . . . ixd-' 

mois : in this sentence the demonstrative to which the relative iir6aas 
refers is omitted. Gram. § 331. Bem. 3. Expressed more fully it would 
be 6ir6ffa5 elxe <l>v?<wchs iv rdis ir6\€<rtf ro^»v (r&v ^vXMH&y) rois ^pov- 
pdpxois €K(£aTOis TafyfiyyaXt i tohatever garrisons he had in the cities, to the 
several commanders {of these) he sent orders etc. See also Gram. § 332, 8. 
■ Ii€\oTcoyvrialovs : the Peloponnesians, especially the Arcadians were 
employed more than any of the other Greeks as mercenaries. — ^ &>$ iiri-' 

fiov\€{fovros : for the force of i)s^ cf. note on § 2. koI yip, etenim, since 

also. ^ffoy : has the force of the pluperf., cf. note on ir^iyxay^y § 8. 

ix fiaari\€us : with the passive, iK instead of Cv6 is unusual in Attic 

prose. It denotes properly the idea of source rather than of cause. Cf. iK 
irJanvv 2, 6, 1. 

§ 7. TpoaiaOSfA^vos : kaoinff lecome auxsre beforehand, L e. before an open 
rupture with Cyrus. • fiov\tvofi4yovs : for the use of the particip. in- 
stead of the infin. (where we should translate by a finite mood), see Gram. 

§ 310, 4, (a). itvoarrivai irphs Kvpov, to revolt to Cyrus, is explanatory 

of rh axnh raxha. In &iro<rT^y«u the single act is considered ; but in rh 

owri ToOra, the various transactions which it involved. rohs ^e^yov 

ras and rohs iicireKruK^Tas : the exiles. Different words, having the same 
general meaning, are here used for variety of expression. infidWew (used 
just above) signifies to banish ; and to this iicviirruy corresponds as a pas- 
sive, meaning to be banished; <l>e^€iy, to Jlee, to he a fugitive, to he in a state 
qfhanishiment ; Kardytiv, to restore (to one's home), spoken of exiles. — - 
Koi. ..aZ: the emphatic idea is placed between these connectives, as 

between ovih ,,,ad and jcol . . . 94. aSTti is the subject and vpS^acis 

the predicate of ^v. rov k$pol(ittv : the infinitive used substantively 

and dependent on Tp6<t>affis. Gram. § 308, 11. 

§ 8. &vi the participle in Greek as in Latin denotes the various ideas 
of time, cause, or condition. The prominent notion here is that of cause, — 
ibStK^hs &y o^rov, because he teas a brctiier qfhie. As iZOi.^65 stands without 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

230 NOTES. 

the artadA, it is indefinite. 6 &9cX^f atnov woold mean hie hroAer. 

of (dat of the sabstantiYe personal pronoun 8d pers.) is distinguished in 
meaning from o^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ ^ refleziye, and from lovr^ in that it is a 
reflexive for a dependent clanse. ot is regularly enclitic in the Attic dia- 
lect, but retains the accent here because it is emphatic. ToXtfiovpra 

which denotes prominentlj the notion of time, wk8e he vxu engaged m tear, 

expresses also the cause or reason of ^airoKoi^. Cf. note on &v. ovrtfy, 

i. e. ILvpov, &0TC is followed here by a finite mood, and means so ihal^ 

toherefore, cofue^ptentlg, denoting a result. With the infin. (as above § 5}, 

it m^ans aoastOf denotmg an end in view. oh^^^f in noting, in no 

retpect ; a more emphatic negative than o&ic. It is accus. synec. Gram. 
§ 279. 7. Cf. rovro l^x^^^ ^» 2» ^0. — ytyyofi4vovs9 anting^ accruing* 

£y is the object of tx^^ which would naturally take the accus. fis. 

The relative is attracted to the case of the antecedent. Gram. § 332, 6. 
— h-iyxBUftr tx^^ is to be translated by the pluperfect^ a tense which 
does not occur so often in Greek as in English. Cf. note on ^o-oy § 6. 

§ 9. r^ points out the phrase jcaravriWpas *AfilZov as qualifying Xcp- 
potHifftp. For an explanation of this position of the article, see Gram. 
§ 245, 3. Instead of the Cherronesus qpposUe to Ahydus, the name '* Thra- 

dan Cherronesus" was afterwards adopted. r6vit rhv Tp6xovy in ihe 

following manner. For the construction of rp6wovy see Gram. § 278, Bem. 3. 
The pronouns 5Se, Toi6ff}ief roff6ff9€, and the adv. £8e commonly denote 
what follows ; oZroSf rowdroSf To<rovros, and ofhws commonly refer to 
what precedes. — — iiydtrOri . . . iiHwriy : such a change in tense is not 
uncommon in Greek. In § 2 {ityvifiaiyei . . . Mfirj) the tense is changed 

from pres. to past. 9ap€ucoh : named from Darius. In a similar way 

flie English, French, and German gold coins are named from the reigning 
sovereign. For a print of one of these Perdan coins, see Die. Antiqq. art. 
Daricus. The 9c^)€ik6s was also called mwrfip ; it was worth about $3,50. 

kx6f toUh, denotmg the means. Not a very common use of this 

prepomtion. iK, , , 6pfi^/i€vo5 : the present denotes something con- 
tinued or repeated; — rqaeatedlg nuking out from Cherronesus; or in the En- 
glish idiom, making He head-quarters at Cherronems. ^^^ depends on 

ivoK^fiti. rovro belongs to rh arpdrevfjtxu — rpe^jievov ixdi^ayew : 

lit. in being supported escaped cbservationy or in an Eng. idiom, was agoported 
secretlg, — ahr^ depends on rpe^iievov, 

§ 10. &v I cf. note on xap^v § 1. koI before icieC6ii€yos connects 

ir^yxare and tpxerai^ another instance of change in tense. Cf. note § 9. 

raw cKkoi &irr. : the adv. is often used adjectively. Gram. § 262, d. 

•*— olT€i takes two accusatives aM^ and iiiaBSv. Gram. § 280, 3. 

eU Surxi^ovs ^^vovs, as well as rpi&y fnjywy, belongs to fua$6v i~-pag tuffi- 
tient/ifr two thousand meroenaries and for three mon^, &j, « if , on the 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

BOOK I. CHAP. n. 231 

ti^)p<fMM thai, C£ note § 2. Ky belongs to vtpiyty6fjLtwos and renders 

it conditionaL THthont it^ it would mean, aa iftkui haxnmg hem tt^eriof 
to etc., or, Of t^^ had ikua hem superior to etc. It now means, as {fhe lomdd 
he m$mar etc. The participle or infinitiye takes $» when on changing the 
clanse into an independent sentence, the optat., or indicatiye of a historic 

tense with &f wonld be required. For the government of qmtqv after 

Octroi, see Gram. § 273, 5, (b). irp6a0€v . . . Tplp, vrUS ; a common 

form of pleonasm, employed for the sake of emphads.-~— icaraA.v(r« *'P<^'> 

to come to an agreement with. ir with the aor. subjnnct. corresponds to 

the Latin fntnre perfect, xpW ic.r.X., lit. until he thaU kcxoe conferred wUk 
km (i. e. Cyrus). 

§ 11. &si asifontke ground (hat. Of note § 2. tU liuriUa : the 

name of the people instead of the name of the country, as frequently in 
Latin. The Pisidians were a warlike people inhabiting a mountainous 
region S. E. from Lydia. They had never been fully subdued by the Per- 
sians. — Tpdyfuxra vap4xfty s to give trouble, Cf. note 4, 1, 17. — » 
Srvfi^dUiov : from Stymphalus in Arcadia. — *- icol ro^ovs : thete aUo^ 

1. e. Sophaenetus and Socrates as well as Proxenus, and Aristippus. 

o^, trAft, m company vjith; ToXefiitv o-^v, to cany on vxxr in company wiSi ; 
iroKtfi€ip rtyt, dft riyo, or Tp6s rivOf to carry on tear against any one. 

CHAP. n. 

The march from Sardis to Tarsus. First, on pretence of making an expe- 
dition against the Pisidians, Cyrus marches to Celaenae their ancient 
capital; thence he returns to Eeramon Agora and commences his 
march eastward. Before arriving at the Cilician pass, he is met by 
Epyaxa wife of Syennesis the King of Cilicia. He meets with no ob- 
stacle at the pass, and soon after £s arrival at Tarsus, Syennesis sur- 
renders to him. 

§ 1. i96icti : it eeemed good, a veiy common signification of this word. 

ijhl { already, at length, i. e. after all necessary preparations had been 

made. 6v» : upward, from the coast into the interior ; here it means, 

into upper Asia, iipa- in composition is often used in the same manner ; 

e. g. itvafiaiv€Wf iydfioffis. The opposite is iccJtw, koto-. t^f fi^ 

itp6^a/rw ixoi€iTo : the antithetical clause implied by fi4y is not expressed. 
It would perhaps be somehow thus, ry 8* 6yTt M fiauriXia iiropeiero, 
ha in reality he was marching agmntt the Ung, U : from, outof,\xi dis- 
tinction from iir<J which means from, oaoay from, — i»t : cf. note 1, 1, 2. 
— rh 'EAXi^yiK^v krraS^a, arpd, : the Grecian army which was there, i. e. in 
the satrapy of Cyrus. 'EKKfiriK6v and irradea are closely connected in 
idea and consequently have only one article. XetfiSyri Zcov ^v odry 

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erpdrw/M : hanuff tahen tdl ike am^ vHM lie haeL The anteoedent heit 
stands in the relatiTe dause. Cf. note on iw6^as . • . iicdtrrois 1, 1, 6. See 

also Gram. § 332, 8. ffvya}<Xay4m xp6s : hctvkiff ieoome reconciled to. 

Ct KoraXvcai vp6s 1, 1, 10. ^— • t c7x< (rrpdrw/M : the ormy wfdch he had; 
another instance of the antecedent in the relative clause. The antecedent 
is separated from the relative hj an intervening word, and stands without 

the article, as usuaL Gr. § 332, 8. rod 4y rdis v6Keari {fv. : for the 

allusion, see 1, 1, 6. where it appears that the Ionian cities are meant. 
The clause iy reus x6K€ffi has the position and force of an adjective, — ^lit. 
ihe in the cities mercenary foroe^ i. e. in an £ng. idiom, the mercenary farce 
which was in the dHes. For the government of ^erucov see Gram. § 275, 1. 
— — XafiSrra. In the preceding sentence we have the dat Xafi6yTi where 
it stands in immediate connection with KX^dpxv the object of waptcyy^Xr 
Aci. Here Xafi6trra being removed from the personal object EcWf is con- 
nected more intimatelj with f^icciir, and is in the accus. because the infin. 
regularly takes its subject in that case. See Gram. § 307, 2. Many 
instances of this kind where an a^jxmct stands in the accus. instead of dat. 
or gen. will be noticed in the Anab. 

§ 2. ^oaX'^M'fvos : having promiaed, Cjrus had taken great pains to 

inspire confidence in his promises as we learn &om 1, 9, 7. cl koK&s 

• . . iarpart^ero : if he ihould succeed well in thoee things fir which he was 
making an e^^ediiion. The antecedent of & (which would be ravra) is not 

expressed. va^aoBai is dependent on tiroax^/'^os. The infin. future 

commonly follows verbs of promising and hoping. For instances of the 
present or aorist with these verbs, see 2, 3, 20 ; 6, 3, 17 ; 7, 6, 38 ; 7, 7, 
81. For the difference in meaning between the present, future, and aorist 
with these verbs, see Gram. § 257, 2, Rem. 2. -^~ vp6<r0€y . . . vpltf : cf. 

note 1, 1, 10. xapriiraif els : a verb of rest followed by an erpxesnoi. 

denoting motion, vapritrayf they were present^ directs the mind more to the 
completion of the march and the arrival at the place of destination. 
Hence we may translate, they arrived ai Sardis, Cf. 7, 2, 5 ; 7, 4f 6. 

§ 3. EcWas /A^y 9^ : Xemas accordin^f i. e. in accordance with the 
orders mentioned above in § 1. — 6ir?dras is in apposition with robs lie 
T&y v6\€»v s= rohs iv reus v6\€ai iK r&v 96k^w, Cf. note on rSaw vofh 

fiaat\4»s 1, 1| 5. &Ss tibout ; very common with numerals. — ijjr is 

predicated of olros and is understood with 6 'XvKpdrns ; see Gram. § 242, 

1, (b). T«v . , . (rTpaT€vo/i4y»tf : partitive gen. depending on ^jr. 

Gram. § 273, 3, (a) : were qf those (or among those) who were engaged in 
military operations etc. 

§ 4. iitiiova agrees with leapaaKeiHip : hating ikmghJL the prepanOiosk 
to he greater than as \f against the Pisidians, L e. having ihcmght the preparo' 
tion tohetoo great to he destined merely against the Pisidians. &f fia^s-> 

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Xdat to ike hing; &f m a prepofition med onlj before the names oi 

§ 6. 5^, cuxordingly, Cf. § 3, above. Topi, fnm ; in thii sense 

only with, the genitive and commonly denoting commnnication from ; &W, 

from (a place) ; ^ic, from, implying out of 2iCp$ea»y. Sardis was the 

ancient capital of Lydia, and the residence of Cyms as governor of Lesser 
Asia. As we learn from Herodotus 5, 52, it was connected with Nineveh, 
Babylon, and Susa by a well-constructed road, on which traveled a regu- 
lar post ; and that too as early as the time of the old Assyrian empire. 
This road passed through the central and more level regions of Asia Minor, 
and reached the Euphrates at Melite. From this road, another equally 
ancient and as much traveled ran from the high plains of Phiygia in a 
S. £. direction, starting at Caystrupedion, passing along the northern side 
of the Taurus range, and crossing the Cilician pass into Syria. This would 
have been the shortest and most convenient route for Cyrus in the prose- 
cution of his actual design ; but having given out as the object of his 
military preparations an expedition against the Pisidians, he chose at first 
a still more southerly route which led lum to Celaenae, the ancient capital 

of Phiygia. aroBfiSs properly means the place where one stops after 

a day's march ; then also as here the day's march itself. xapwriy' 

yris : a Persian measure of length equal to 80 stadia, somewhat more than 
an English league. 

§ 6. oiKov/ieyriy : veU inJiabiiedj popuUms, $icc though imperf. in 

form seems to be used as an aorist. The verbs which in the present have 
a perf. signification (as is the case with Ijicw) often have the imperf. in 

the sense of the aorist (Er&g.). Menon as we leam from 2, 6, 28. 

had received the command of his forces from Aristippus, who was men- 
tioned also in 1, 1, 10. 5ice . , . tx^^ • ^*' *^°'"'^ ha/oing, may more con- 
veniently be rendered came v3Uh, So also Jiywv^ ^4poov, ^afit&y, may often 

in connections like this be translated with, The Dolopians and Aeni- 

anians -were Thessalian tribes. Olynthus was the principal city of the 
Chalcidian peninsula in Thrace. 

§ 7. OTttOiiobs rpM : the direction of the marches, as will be seen by a 
reference to the map, had now changed from S. E. to E. ; arafffxo^s is 
accus. of cognate meaning after i^€^J^6v€l. See Gram. § 278, 1 and 2. 

driplwy depends on xK-fipriS' Gram. § 273, 6, (b). -^— itirh Xmrov s 

so in Latin ex equo; lit.yVvm a horse, because the attention of the hunter 
is directed from the horse towards the game. We say in the English 
idiom on horse-hack. So also ol vjiyal ^loiv iK, the sources areouCof while 

In English we say the sources are in, 9ih, , , xapaXeioov : throuffh the 

midst <f tht jparL For the manner in which the meaning of /idcov is af- 
fected by its position with respect to the article, see Gram. § 245, Rem. 5. 


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234 NOTES. 

— tlfflr iK : prepositions or adrerbs wbich denote motion are not nnfine* 
qnently joioed with tlvai. Cf. 1, 7, 6 ; 2, 4, 13 and 15. 

§ 8. ^(TTi 9h K(d. .. fiwriketa : and there is also a palace of the great Jang , 
i. e. in addition to the palace and park of Cyras, as mentioned just above. 

rov Mapa^ov, Herod. 7, 26. calls this river Karapfr/iKTTis (the dashing 

and roaring stream), translating the name into Greek. It is onlj a smaU 

stream, which after a short conrse empties into the Maeander. ^c? 9^ 

vol oZtos : and this aUsofims etc., i. e. this as well as the Maeander. 

rh iZpos : the full constmction would be rh tdp6s iarw tdpos ^Koai koI 

wivrc iroh&v (Kriig.). iplCoyrd ol : the dat. of being an enclitic is at 

once distinguished from the relative oX which is always an ozjtone, and 
from the article ol which is a proclitic. For its meaning, see note 1, 1, 8. 
vepl a'o<l>las : respecting skUl, sc. in music. S06v = i^ od, 

§ 9. ry fidxtf ' in the battle, i. e. in the well known battle at Salanus. 

For the use of the article here, see Gram. § 244. rrmiOeis : havmg 

been defeated. ifrrdofMu is ordinarily used, as here, instead of the passive 

form of yucdM. Opticas and Kgrjras are used adjectively. Cf. note 3, 

4, 26. The Cretan archers were celebrated ; and hence were often em- 
ployed as mercenaries. "I^oifMiyeros : inasmuch as his arrival was 

mentioned in § 3. above, it leads to the conjecture that a wrong name has 
been introduced either here or in § 8. Probably the name KKtdj^vp or 
'Ayias should stand in one of these places, as Sophaenetus, Cleaner, and 

Agias were the three Arcadian generals. Cfl 2, 5, 31, and 37. ^ '^'"^ 

iyivovro : and (key amounted to etc. — ifitfi roits 9i<rxiAiovi : cibout tAe 
entire number qf two thousand. The article is often thus used with general 
statements of number. See Gram. § 246, 9. 

§ 10. iyrtvOev. To make an attack on the Pisidians, Cyrus would 
need to march towards the S. £. ; but as he really contemplated no such 
attack, and as a direct march to Caystrupedion or l^niaeum would dis- 
close his actual intentions, he turns back in nearly the opposite direction 
till he reaches the Mysian frontier. The reasons for iMs are not men- 
tioned by Xen., as he passes rapidly over this portion of his narrative. 

r& A^Koua HOvae : ceiebrated toith sacrifices the lycaean festival — an Arcadian 
festival in honor of Pan, the Arcadian Zeus, diw here takes an aeons. 

of cognate meaning. ar\€YYl9€5. Boeckh (in the Staatshaush. d- 

Ath. 11. 330.) suggests that these may have been omaments for the head, 
perhaps in ih^ form of a comb ; and this suggestion is now generally 

received among scholars. Kepofi&v iryopd. This is the only mention 

made of this place. It may afterwards among the Greeks and Romans 
have had another name. It is probable that it occupied the site of the 
modem dty Ushak, on the great militaiy road from Smyrna to the east. 
See map. iaxdniy Tp6$^ bordering on. 

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BOOK I. OHAP. n. 235 

§' li. ipTtvB^, From tiiis point he Tentoxes to proceed more directly 

eastward. v^^w is in apposition with Kaifirrpov tMov^ whidi like 

KMfiafiMv ityopd has the force €i one componnd word. — »^(Xrro, wot 
due, x\4or : one would expect here ir\^v which woold also he gram- 
matical ; hot the adverbs xK4ory imuov, and tXaerrov are often joined thns 

to a substantive. Cf. 3, 2, 84; 4, 7, 9, and 10. Mrhs^pasi to his 

doorsy i. a to the doors of Cyras. ianjrow : thejf demanded it as some- 

thing due, Sach is the ordioary meaning of &irairc<y, as distmgmshed from 
otrcTir which means sunply to demand. So in like manner hxo^iJ^Svai, to 
gwe scmtihing which is due. Of. also hroBUiv 3, 2, 12. *-* iX-wlUa \4yoov 
Zirry^ : lit. he continued expressing hqpesy L e, he continued to sdace them toith 

hopes, 9fi\os Ijw : lit. he toas plain being troubled. In English we shonld 

say, he was plainly troubled f or, it toas plain that he was troubled. The per- 
sonal instead of the impersonal constmction with HrjKoSf ipayepSsf and words 
of similar meaning is veiy common. Gram. § 310, Rem. 3. ^-^ xphs 
rod K. Tp6vov : w keeping with the character of Cyrus, — — txoma agrees 
with the implied sabject of huc^Mvox, C£ note on T^aJ^vra § 1 above. 

Notice the clear distinction in this sentence between od and /u^, the 

former as the objective, the latter as the subjective negative. 

§ 12. V oZv introduces a fact as opposed to a mere report or supposi- 
tion. Certain is it however that he then gave etc. Gf. 1, 3, 5. — ^-^ ^Ixaxas 
is from ^Xa|, a guard (spoken of a angle person) ; ^v^mkAs in 1, 1, 6. is 
fircnn ^vkaxltj a guard, a garrison (collective). Eriig. reads ^vAaic^v in 

this place. 'Atnrtv^lovs : from Asp^idus, a city on the Emymedon in 

Famphylia. <nrff€v4<rBai^ qwken here of improper intercourse. 

§ 13. woprf, near, Cf. 3, 4, 9. For the syntax of this preposition, 
see Gr. § 297. KoXoviiivrii «> called. In later writers otrn was ex- 
pressed for this idea with this participle. — >— rhp "Xirvpov^ the Satyr, L e. 
Snenus. The fountain here spoken of is now caBed by the Turkish name 
Olu Bunar, i e. great fountain. It is identified by its situation in a narrow 
pass between the mountains and Lake Akschehr. 

§ 14. rS»y '£A\^y«y and t&v fitipfidpwr limit i^^aaty; they are 
thrown to the end of the sentence to give fliem a more emphatic position. 

§ 15. &s y6fMS (liy) tUtroTs tts fidx"!^ ' ^* 'rirr^ffQai suggested by 

rax^yivau tox^iw and arrival have for their subject rohs "EWriyas 

and depend on ix^Kwo'e, "—' licourrov, sc. (rrparriy6v9 the subject of arw- 
rd^ai and likewise dependent on MXevae, — ix\ Terrdpwy, four deep, 

Cf. note 5, 2, 6. ot iKcivov s= ol aWod with the exception that the 

former is more emphatic, ixtiyos (which in distinction from oZros denotes 
an object more remote) not unfrequently as here refers to an object just 
mentioned. Ct 1, 3, 1 ; 2, 6, 19. 

* 16. irap€Xa6yWf I pass along, is predicated either of a person riding 


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or of one oa foot, as may be seen from thiB lection. — — jcor* tKas^ m 
cpmpantesqf horse i Kori t((|€ii, in compameioffooL^^~-'r9hs "l^XtfifaSf 

sc. iBe<&ptu ipfAOf a vHUMihariot ; ^/t4ftMt(^ ^ covered earrioffe used 

especiallj for women and children ; ifia^oi a heavy wagcn for carrying 
loads. — *- x*'''^''^ * ^' ^ ^^ description of this garment see Die. Antiqq. 

art. Tunica. After iunriZas the best manuscripts hare iiacfKaXvfift^vaSf 

uncoveredjiaatetLdofiKKtKa0apfi4p€iSf burnished, the word which stands in 
many editions. That the shield had commonly a covering (ffdy/ut) seems 
not to admit of a doubt 

§ 17. fi4ffris : cf. note 1, 2, 7. ^-^ irpofioxMtu rit HvXa: to hold oui 
before them their armory i. e. to hold their shields before them as if for de* 

fence, and their spears as if for an attack. tpdXayya is the subject of 

^iX»p^<rai. — ^o-tUirrylf, the trumpet sounded ; 6 (ra\rryicris is comnu 
suggested as being pnderstood ; so in 3, 4, 86, with iie^pv^e the coixe- 
sponding noun Krjpv^ is suggested. — ^» in ro{trov^ upon this, hereupon, — a 
very freqnent expression in the Anab. ' TpoUvrwv : gen. abs., sc. rwi^ 
'EAX^ywy. ■ hirh tov avrofidTov, of their own accord. — — — hrl rits tneft- 
vds, towards the tents, i. e. of the barbarians. So it is usually understood ; 
and the clause ol "EWrivfs ..,M rhs (rKTivks fK$oy in § 18 is interpreted 
as meaning the Greeks went back to their (own) tents etc Ertig. on the other 
hand understands M rits oienvis in both places to mean the tents of the 

§ 18. ^iSos, sc ^w. The omission of ^v is mudi more unusual than 
of iori. — — - Kol . . . Kol . . . r^ . . . Koi, It is not easy to translate all of 
« these connectives. And there was much fear both to others qfthe barbarians 
and particularly (jcoQ both the Cilidan women fled . • . and those who were of 
the market-place etc. "—' t^vy^if Ik t^s apiMfid^TiSf Jledfrom her chariot, 
becanse (says Hert) she forgot in her haste and confusion that she could 
flee faster in her chariot than on foot ; or as Matt, supposes^ because her 
chariot was drawn by oxen or mules and hence she oould actually flee 
faster on foot.. Erug. and others with less propriety interpret the phrase 

differently. ol iK rns iyopasi another instance of brachyology for ol 

iv ry hyop^ iK ttjs iryopSu, Cf. note on twf vapk /SckriX/wi 1, 1, 5, and 
robs iK rwv v6K€»v 1, 2, 3. -— — rhv • • . <^fioy. That which intervenes 
between the article and noun is commonly of the nature of an adjeetiTe. 
lit the from the Greeks into the barbarians fear g i, e. the fear with which 
the Greeks inspired the barbarians. 

§ 19. Iconitun was the chief city of Lycaonia in the Macedonian and 
Roman times. Lycaonia in the time of Xen. was limited to the northern 
slope of Taurus, and the plain at the foot of this mountain range. The 
Inhabitants having possession of certain strongholds refused submissi(m to 
the Persians. This doubtless was the excuse of Gyms for giving the 


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BOOK I. OHAF. n. 237 

ooimtiyiip to indiiciiminate plunder. Xen. alludes to the Lycaonians 
agun in 8, 2, 28. -~— odffouf agrees with x6pw* 

§ 20. 'Ektcv^cf. From Iconinm he had marched through Lycaonia 
thirty parasangs, probahlj continoing in a S. E. direction. This would 
bring him near the city Laranda, from which a steep mountain path leads 
diiectlj (t^p raxl^rriv Mr) to Tarsus. But as this path was not suffi- 
ciently safe for the whole army, it was necessaiy to proceed in a N. E. 
direction, so as to reach the main road from Cappadocia to Gilicia. This 
road led from Hazaca southward through Tyana (here called Dana), whose 

ruins under the name of Eilissa Iffissar are yet consfncuous. atfrSv, 

L e. Menon. ■ ip f , in which time, ^tpucurrfip : this is commonly 

thought to mean purpufxaum, a courtier of such rank that he was entitled 
to wear pmple. But with this meaning, as ErOg. suggests fiwrlKtiov 
would seem out of place. Hence with much plausibility he translates it 
purple^yer. This may have been at the Persian court an important office. 
• ical • • . iwdtmiP : and a certam other penon^ a chief man qf the 

under-cfficen. -— — alrMKT^/uciws, sc. nbTo65, 

§ 21. 4 tlfffieKlif the entrance. This was the so-called KiX^jcioi n^Xcu, 
which Alexander the Great found equally unguarded. (Arrian. Anab. 11. 
4, 4.) It is a narrow way artificially cut from the rock, in a natural 
nmne through which runs the river Sams. -^- koX kf^fixayos elatXBeiy => 
^y itftilXBtyoy eUrtXBetyf which it was impracticdble to enter etc. Ct note on 
9ii?ios ^y 1, 2, 11. — 9i* t tifiety^y : wherefore he remained, Kvpos the 

principal subject of the nairatiye is readily supplied with lifiewty, iy 

rf irc9(y. This plain is directly north of the pass, and even in the Roman 
times still bore the name rh K6pov (rrpar^^hyf Cyri castra, r g dorc- ' 
pai^ sc. ii/i4p^, -^— \tXonrios ^n : a circumlocution for the pluperf. optat 
For the oratio obliqua^ see Gram. § 845. — *> ^y instead of cfi}, — the indie, 
denoting more distinctiy than the optat. a definite fact. For the inter- 
change of the indie and optat. in the oratio obliqua, see Gram. § 845, 
Bern. 5. Cf. also note 2, 2, 15. — *- tri after jjcBero is declarative, after 
icoi it is cauaalf and^s connected logically, not with jfof rro, but with Ac- 

Xonriif cfi}. rpi'fip€is is tiie object of fypyra : hecaute he heard that 

Tamot had gaUiee etc. For the accus. and particip. (Tafii^y ixorra) instead 
of the accus. and infin. see Gram. § 310, 4. ris and the words fol- 
lowing it qualify rpi^ptis, 

§ 22, oi/ievhs KukOoyros : gen. abs. o5, a relative adv., where, 

— i^kcurroy^ had kept guard, C£, note on Myx^ey ^x^^* ^i h ^« 
-— (n^fivXcwy, an a^j. qualifying irf9(ov, being of the Attic 2d dedens. 
— ^ a^6f L 6. T^ ir^ioy, 

§ 28. aroBfiohs rirrapas, Xen. has here by mistake predicated the 
irhola distaaoe ftoia Dana to Tanas of the short space firom the pass to 


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238 NOTES. 

Tarsofl. See Introdno. § 7.— — Topco^ and *l<r<roi are tmoiaal fonm 

in other writers, always TapirSsf and *hr<r6s, i<naf is here used wHi 

the nent. plur. Several other instances of the same khid occur in the 

Anab., e. g. in 1, 4, 4 ; 1, 4, 10 ; 1, 5, 1. et al. Spofuif accos. synec ; 

so also (dpos. -— — TK46p»ff depends on xora/iSs, 

§ 24. ^|^\cirov €19 : an abbreviated e^ipression for iKkat6pTts l^vyor 
tls, abandoned andpd to etc. M rh, 6fyn a^ implies a verb <^ motion. 

§ 25. 6p&y. Xen. uses also the nncontracted form 6p4cty, CL 1, 2, 

21 ; 3, 4, 19 ; 8, 5, 17. r&tf tls rh ircStor. The constmetioo impUea 

the idea of motion, the mountains (extending) into tkeplam.t ol fUr : one 

wonld expect here jcal oi jiiw or ots ol /i4r. Similar instances of asyndeton 

(Gram. § 325.) occur 2, 1, 6 ; 2, 3, 24« ofnrdCorras agreea with the 

sdbject of KaroKowriyatf tdnois understood. — dra tKouw/Upous i,wo\4~ 
ffBatf afitr ihoA (L e. after being imable to find the rest of the armj or the 

roads) jpemfteci m toanderinff. 9' odv : c£ note § 12. — >— After ^icarSw^ 

ErOg. and Koh. introduce licaoros, a hundred heaioy-armed men (to} eoci 
(company). Hert. in a note approves of this reading. 

§ 26. vfi>t kwn6pf (to come) to hmsd/, Kptirroyt^ more powerful. 

^ ohifvl xco • , , €ls xctjpo^ ^Ai^CijK, that he had neveryetgone into thepower 

tfcu^one etc. For another meaning of tls X'^P^ Uyai, ct 4, 7, 15. 

Kipv (sc. els X^^P'^^ Uvau — irUrr^is = irund in 1, 6, 7. — tXafie, 
sc. ^viuytffts, 

§ 27. Kupos 94f sc. ^fl0ic€. In Greek as in Latin, a verb belonging to 
several ideas is often expressed with the first and understood with the 
others. riiv x^P^ • • • c^tiCco^oi depends on iSwjce; so also &*•- 

?iafifid9'€iv with its object r& . . . itvZpdxoZa : lit Cyru9 gave to him that hie 
country should no longer be plundered eto. — »- ^v vov irrvyx^amriyj ifihey 
(i. e. Syennesis and the Cilicians) should any where meet with (them, L e. 
the slaves). The general rule would require the optative^ Gram. § 827. 2. 
For the subjunct here, <£. note 1, 3, 14, ihy /lii Sid^. 

CHAP. m. 

The Greeks refuse to proceed farther, suspecting the real dbjeot of the 
expedition ; but on being assured that Cyrus was leading them against 
Abrocamas, who was somewhere on the Euphrates, and with the pro- 
mise of higher pay, they consent to resume the march. Cleardius is 
the principal agent in bringing about this result. 

§ 1. obK llipwraif Uyaif nsgabani se ituros esse, denied that they would yo, 
or more sunply, refused to go, livax in the indie, infin. and partic^ is 

often future in meaning. Gr. § 181. Rem. 5, rov iep6<rm ia of the 

nature of a partitive gen., (a stqai) <fthe wayforwards^ or simply y&ntwnfci 


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BOOK I. CHAP. nL 239 

«— obK ^ipturay^ translate as above, Hiejf datiecL — ^ M ro^y, for tki$ 

purpoee, i e. to go against the king. wpwrort w tkejbrtipkuie. Some 

editions have wpwrosj and then we should render it was ihejbrd who. Com- 
pare in Latin the use of jfHmus and primum, ifitdCero : the impeif. 

tense often denotes the beginning of an action, and hence the idea of try- 
inff, attempdnff. So here, he tried to comipd, CC ia^Urrcuray 4, 5, 19. &if^ 

ffrtXXov 5, 4, 23. l^fiaXXoy, cast (stones or other missiles) at him, 

ro7s XlOots is expressed with fid\X€Uf in 5, 7, 19. 

§ 2. fAucp6y, a HtUe ; is often as here best rendered bj onr word ioarcelsf, 
-^— rh /A^ KaraverpwOriyai is grammaticallj the object of i^4fvy€ : he 
9oarcdy escaped that he should not he stoned to death, or more simply, he scarcely 
escaped hemg stoned to death. For this nse of /ifi with the infin. after verbs 
of hindering, abstaining etc see Gr. § 318, 8. According to the English 

idiom, the negative would be omitted. •: 9uHi<rcrai. The general mle 

wonld require here Zlyairo ; but the direct form of discourse often takes 
the place of the indirect, even in the midst of a sentence. Gr. § 345, 5. 
-^— i9dKpv€ . • . iar^Sf standing he wq^, or in more idiomatic English, he 
stood and wept, iar^s is perf. in form but present in meaning. Gr. § 193| 

Bem. 3. •• cTra and Ihrcira (without 94) are often used as correlatives 

of wp&Toy fi4y or of some similar expression. CC 3, 2, 27 ; and in § 10 

below rh iu\y luiyiaroy . . . Iirctra. roidZ^^ talia, somewhat as foUows, 

denoting that the language of Clearchus is not reported with the utmost 
accuracj ; r^e, as foUowSj would denote more exactness in the report 
The same distinction prevfuls between rouahu and ravra referring to what 

§ 3. iySp€s before the names of persons was the common mode of 

respectful address. /a^, like ne in Latin, always used in prohibitions, 

as something merely conceived by the mind. ^sityoyra : cf. note 1, 1, 

7, ohK €tj rh Xhioy . . . 4imU I did not lay (them) up for my own pri- 
vate advantage. »-— &AX* ohZlk KoBifivwdBritra^ nor did I even eapend (them) 

§ 4. h-ifjLupo^nfiyf sc. aitrois. fieO' ifiuy : for the difference be- 
tween /lerd with the gen. and a^ with the dat, see Gr. § 294. 0ov 

Xof4,4yovs agrees with aifvois. The participle denotes the notion of time, 
of cause, or of condition ; and may often be conveniently rendered by a 
fiaite verb with one of the particles when, because, or if; so here, while they 

wished, or because they wished, "EWrivas and y^y both depend on iufMt- 

pt7a$ai. Gr. § 280. — cf ri Hioiro, if he should need any thing. Btofiat 
takes for the most part only neuter pronouns, veiy seldom neuter ac^eo- 

tiveS| in the accus. M* &y= &Krl roirvy & i in return for those things 

which I had experienced as favors (c?) etc, or more freely, in return for the 
favors which I had received etc 


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240 KOTBS. 

§ 5. wpoi6m agrees with the implied subject of xpv^^» ^^ ^^ 
vpMvrt agreeing with imi would also be grammatical. C£ note on Aa- 

fi^a 1, 2, 1. 5* olv : cf. note 1, 2, 12. a^y i/uy . . . ic^lcoiuu i 

wUh y<m I will tuffer whatever may he necessary, w^lffoiuu as future of 
ird(rx» takes its object in the accus. ; as fut. mid. of irc/0ti», in the dat. 

■ othroTt . . . od9c(f . For two or more negatiyes in the same clause, 
•ee Gr. § 318, 6. — *'EAXiji'aj and rohs "EXXi^yar. The former is inde- 
fiblte, implying any Greeks ; the latter is definite, denoting the Greeks just 
referred to, i. e. those whom he maj have led among the barbarians. 

§ 6. ^/Aol cx€0^ai, to follow me ; cehv ^fuy c^/mu, / wiU/oUow in com" 
pantf with you* €T&r0ai took the dat. alone, <r^v with the dat., &fM with 
the dat, or fierd with the gen., the specific idea being varied with each 

expression. tty ^lyai ri/itoSf that I should he honorable. For the nom- 

inatiye {rifuos) with the infin., see Gr. § 307, 4. — bfuoy ^pmios &v^ 
being bereft of you. For the government of Ifuov^ see Gr. § 271, 3. — 
&s c/iov ic.r.X. : gen. abs. ; as if I were about to go etc. On the meaning 
of &5, cf. note 1, 1, 2., and on the fut. agnificatlon of i6vro5f c£ note § 1. 
above. — bf^iTsf sc. Tijrc. 

§ 7. ot r€ abrov iKtlyov, both ihose of him himself L e. both his own ; 

Koi ol &AA.ot, and the others, i. e. those of the other generals. Zri with 

Its clause is explanatoiy of ravra : these things, that he refused etc. 

voptiterBeu, the pres. infin. used in lively narration instead of the fat. infin. ; 
in the same way that ob wop§iofMi may be used instead of ob wope^cofiau 

ob ^>ahi : oratio obliqua. Gr. § 346, 4. — hrpyeaayf sc. abrdy, 

vapd in this section is used with the three oblique cases : wapd with the 
gen. (the " whence-case ") means, jfrofn the side of or amply, from; with 
the dat. (the ** where-case "), by the side of or simply, by; with the accus. 
(the " whither^ase **) to the side of or simply, to, 

§ 8. robrois, by reason of these things, Gr. § 286, 1, (1). Cf. 1, 6, 13. 
^— fierat4fiW€To, continued sending for, the notion of continuance or repe- 
tition bel'nging to the imperC tense. r&y (rrpofrutruy depends on 

Xddptf, Gr. § 273, 6, (e). abr^ is dependent rather on IXc7c than on 

7r4fAx»y, which as a verb of motion would take a preposition with the 

accus. Gr. § 284, 3, (1). f^Xeye, he said, not in person, but through 

the messenger ; \iytiy and words of similar meaning are not unfrequentl[y 
used in this way ; ^Xeye with ^appe7y may be rendered, he bade hun be of 

good courage, &s , , • tls rh Hioy, on-the ground that these things would 

he settled seasonably, •'—^fier€ar4fixt€r$atz cf. note on /ier€ir4/jar€T0 above. 
— iK4\w€y : cf. note on IXeye above. - 

§ 9. rohs wpofr€\06yTas abr^ : those who had come to him, i. e. &om 
Xenias and Pa^on. abr^ depends on wpo<rt\06yTas. " Many verbs of 
motion compounded with the prepoiitionf elf, wp6s, M, etc, take their 

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BOOK I. CHAP ni. 241 

object in the dadve." Or. § 284, 2, Bern. 2. rh^ fievXifitwov, the one 

who desiredf i. e. any one who desired, is limited by r&¥ HXXmv as gen. of the 

whole. The rhetorical skill displayed in the following address deserves 

particular attention. rk itJkv 5^ K^pov K,r.\,f it is plain that the rela- 
tions of Cyrus totcards us are just the same as ours towards him, L e. as we 
have ceased to sustain towards him the relation of soldiers in his employ- 
ment» so he has cettsed to sustmn towards ns the relation of paymaster. 

§ 10. fierair€tarofi4yov ovroS : gen. abs. sc. /ic : though he continues to 

send for me. rh fihv fi4yurToy, chiejly. The correlative clause is ^irctra 

instead of Hxtira Z4, Cf. note on elra § 2 above. trdyra i^v<rfi4ros 

axfT6v, having deceived him in all things. In § 5 above, we have another 

construction, xphs iKfivov ^tvffdfifyoiff having heen false to him, 8c8ui>5 

fA'fly fearing that. After verbs of fearing, fiii is translated like the Latin ne. 

&y B ro6r»v &, Gr. § 882, 6. The clause runs thus, fearing that 

having taken me he mag inJUd punishment for those things in which he sup- 
poses etc, 

§ 11. KaMiuv, to sleep, must here of course be understood figurative- 
ly. ryiiwv o&rdy : for the form, see Gr. § 88 ; dependent on kiuXur^ 

Gr. § 274, 1, (b), to neglect ourselves. — — 5, ti (or as some editors write 
2 rt) from Srr<9, is the interrogative for an indirect question, .as rts ri if 
the interrogative for a direct question. — . — 4k roWw, in consequence of 
these things, in the present circumstances ; but 4k roinov in § 13, means here- 
upon, ahrov, here, an adv. <rK€wr4ov §tyat, sc. ^/ujk, that toe must 

consider etc. For the construction of the verbal in r4oSf see Gr. § 284, 8, 

(12). Awifiepy future. Cf. note § 1 above. 6<p€\os ohUv, sc 

4arif there is no profit either m general etc. 

§ 12. 6 hviip, i. e. Cyrus. — »-> iroXKov depends on fk^ios as gen. of price. 

Gr. § 276, 3, worthy of much, valuable. 4x^p4s ^ inimicus : iroX^/uoi = 

hostis, irdyrts Sfutlus, all alike, all without exception. koL ydp, 

since also. airov, gen. of the pers. pron. dependent on w6ppw, Gr. 

§ 273, Rem. 4, (c). &pa, sc. 4<rrly, it is time. 

§ 13. 4k roinov, hereupon / c£ note § 11. After him would be ex- 
pressed by /tcri rovroy ; cf. § 14 below, and 8, 1, 46. Xc|oKrcf , to 

say ; ftit. act. particip. denoting purpose as in Latin. Gr. § 812, 4, (c). 

W 4K€iyoVf by him, i. e. Clearchus. o*ia (from oTos), of what nature f 

how great would be expressed by Sen} (from Sffos). 

§ 14. ctr 9h m. The three clauses ol fi4y, ol 94, and tls 8^ 8^ are cor- 
relative, the last being made emphatic by B4i : render them, some . . . , 
others . . . ,iut one particularly . . . « e\4<rBai depends on cTire, proposed 
to choose. ^-— tl fiii fio6\erai for liveliness of narration instead of cl fjt^ 
fioiKoiro, — 4 9* ikyopd . . . orpaT€6fuirt. This clause is not a part of 
the speech, but is thrown in by the narrator to show how al^snrd the speecij 



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242 KOTBS. 

was. trwrK€vdi€irOai like i\4irOai depends on cTve : so also ihe remain- 
ing infinitiyes in this section. — -* i\06yras agrees with ihe implied snbject 

of alrcijK ; and that they having gone should demand etc. iky fiii 9tS^. 

As the Greeks not nnfreqnentlj pass abruptij from the oraiio obiiqua to the 
oratio recta, so dependent clauses of the oratio dbliqua often take the form 
of the oratio recta. Here the regular form of the oratio obiiqua would be 
el /A^ 8i9oti}. C£ note 1, 4, 12. So also &ird{ci instead of iamydyoi on the 

same principle. t^v raxiffriiy, sc. d^y, in the speediest (manner). For 

the constmction, see Gr. § 279, Rem. 8. irpoKaraKrjp^i»,ivou5, persons 

to preoccupy etc., the object of ir4ix^au Cf. note on xiloyr^s § 18.— 
^iffwri Kafra\afi6yT9s, may have antidpaied us in having occupied (ihem). 
For the constmction of «p$dyctf rvyxiy»9 \ay$dy»f etc., with a participle, 

see Gr. § 310, 4, (1). &y, relating to ol KiXucts, limits both toXKo^s 

and xp4/^a > ^'^ ^® former, it is a partitive gen. (or more properly gen. 

of the whole), with the latter, a gen. of possession. ^X^/act ^/mtcuc^ci : 

a complete transition to the oratio recta, which was already indicated by 
using the sabj. and indie, instead of the optat. jnst before. The particip. 
and verb, as often elsewhere, may here be rendered into English by two 
connected verbs :~-from whom we have taken and now possess many captives 
and much treasure, • To<rovToyf thus much, i. e. only thus much, directing 
attention to the brevity of his speech. 

§ 15. &s . , . ffrpcentyiw^ as if I were about to take this command; either 
the accus. or the gen. abs. may follow &s or &<rwfp, Gr. § 812, 6. ffrpa- 
rnyiay is accus. of kindred meaning after trrparriYfiirbyra, Gr. § 278, 1, 2. 
— Xc7^w takes as object, not ifi4 alone, but the whole clause, »5 . . . 
ffrparriylay* It may be rendered, let no one of you entertain an opinion as 
t^etc. With the meaning of Ksy4r» here, c£ that of xiy^is 2, 1, 15. — 
ifiol . . . trovnrioy. For the construction of the verbal, see Gr. § 284, 3, 
(12). -^^^iis S^, sc. tEKwrros Keyhw suggested by fiiiMs Xeyirv, but lei 
each one entertain the opinion that I etc. — »• r^ kyhpi : cf. note on weitro- 

fiai 1, 8, 5. ty tty cAijofc, wJiom you shall have chosen, 6y with the 

aor. subjunot has the meaning of a fut perf. Gr. § 255, Rem. 9. ' 
^ Zvyarhy ixAkuna, lit in what way it is possible the most, or more simply, 
ihe most possible, ^f^ost implicitly, — ' welffofuu stands by a change of con- 
struction for w€ur6iJL€yoy, which would correspond to the construction of 
ffrparrrfiffoyra, — 5ti Koi &px^^^ ivitrrtifjuu. It was universally ad- 
mitted that he knew how to govern (ipx^iy) ; hence the force of koI before 
&pXftrOM t — that I know how to be governed also, '~^— ftd\iara Mp^my is 
added to the foregoing expression for the sake of emphasis ; lit. as any 
other one also especially of men, i. e. a« well as any other one among men, 

§ 16. rod . • . KfXfi&oyTos, of the person urging etc, ; gen. limiting c^ 
^0f toy. — &ffTep • . . wotovfA4yov t gen. abs. of. note § 15. KrQg. and 


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BOOK I. CHAP. ni. 

Hert. woTild omit the negative (ji'i) in thif clanBe, and render it HxaSf jutt at 
though Cyrus would make the expedition hack again, and so hare no occasion 
to nse the ships. This interpretation is rendered very probable bj a com- 
parison with ly 4, 5. Matthiae expresses the same idea by omitting iri\i^. 
Eohner following Bomemann renders, quasi retro Cyrus navigaturus non 
esset, — an intelligible and possible interpretation, bnt less probable than 
the one above given. Others render wd\ir by posthac, which KCih. pro- 
nounces impossiblev— — xotov/A^f^ov instead of woniffOfi4yov, — ^the lively 
Greek often conceiving of the future as already present. See Gr. § 255, 
Bem. 8. — »-> wapd with the gen. ; cf. note 1, 2, 5. See also the constmc- 
tion of olrciv § 14. — f is attracted by its antecedent ijy^iUvi from the 
aocus. to the dat. See Gr. § 332, 6. For the force of iky with the pres. 

subjunct, see Gr. § 260, 3, (c). Cf. also note im %v tar %\jiaB€ § 15. 

r/ . . . trpoKara^Mfifidyfiy. KrOg. understands tins passage thus, what hinr- 
ders that Cyrus (as he can work against us in other matters, so also) should 
give orders to occupy the heights he/bre us (for the purpose of intercepting 
us) ? Hertiein more suitably to the connection understands it as ironical 
and intended to show the absurdity of asking ships or a guide from Cyrus : 
thus, vfhai hinders our urging Cyrus also to preoccupy the heights for us (L e. 
for our advantage) ? 

§ 17. 'Eyd is not expressed unless there is some emphasis on it — - 

fj^y lest, used after 6Kyoiriy as after a verb of fearing. ain-aTs rats rfii- 

^p€<ri, lit. with the ships themselves, L e. as we sometimes say ships and all. 
For the government of rpiiip^tn, see Gr. § 283, 2. »-— $ : cf. note § 16. 
»-— &y witii ^oifi is omitted in some editions on the ground that the optat. 
with Iky must be the principal clause of a conditional sentence, while here 
it stands in a relative clause. Yet instances of the kind before us seem to 
be well established (cf. 1, 5, 9), and the &y suggests here very pertinentiy 
an implied condition, thus — whom he should give (if indeed he should give 

one). 5dcyr= iKutre BOty, to a place from which, the antecedent of a 

rdative adverb like that of a relative pronoun being often omitted. — 
iydyp and Harai instead of iydyoi and cf)}. Cf. note on ihy fiii 8i5^ § 14 
above. »— - tnoyros Kipov, gen. abs. ; licc^v and &K»y in the gen. abs. 
have the force of participles, Byros or iyrwy being very seldom expressed 
with ihem. A few passages also occur where irolfJMy stands absolutely 
without 6yT»y (cf. 7, 8, 11). With these exceptions the omission o^ &ym 
the gen. abs. is rare and poetic. — — ?^c7y alfrhy itwcXO^y, lit. to elude 
him in having gone away, i. e. to go away without his notice. 

§ 18. ^Xvapias : accus. plur. predicate of cTvcu ; has esse nugas, 

t( . . . xp^o'^W) fo^ ^^ ^ wishes to employ us. For t/ in an indirect 
question instead of S, ri, see Gr. § 344, Rem. 1. For the government of 
rt, see Gr. § 278, 4. J, subjunct. pres. 3d pers. sing. otfwtp M=m 


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Tow^Tp tXatnrtpf the antooedent being omitted and the relatiye being at* 
tracted to its case. The relative oleanrwp wonld depend on xp^*^^ " <^ 
aocna. of oognitte meaning, the Greek being able to say (according to 
KrOger) «y»a|cy xpV^^f ^ ^ wonld say xf*V<''ty xpVtrBeu, We shoi^d 
rmder, similar to that in which he formerly aUo employed the mercenaries. 
For the allnsion, cfl 1, 1, 2. »-— roirr^^ L e. K^py, depends on <r{tp in 

§ 19. r^s wpM^Tf 8C. frpd^^wsj depends on the comparatives which 
follow. wpM^y has here the oonstmetion of an adjective. Adverbs are 

often thus used in Greek. Gr. § 262, d. &(<ovy and below AiraTye?- 

Aoi azid fiou\g^€<rBai with its subject accn& depend on Soieei § 18. — 
1^ • • . ff : either that he having persuaded should lead us or etc., dependent on 
hl^iow* The Greeks woold probably be persuaded not so much by aign- 

ments as by higher pay {9^pois Koi xp^M''^^) Cyrop. 1, 5, 3. Tphs 

^iXiaiff in a friendly mamntr, C£ «/>^s hpyfi^i *» <>«» ongry manner, and wpbs 

i^oy^Vf in afixttering manner. Thncyd. 2, 65. h^Uvai, dismiss, let go. 

— ^thoiy an adject, agreeing witii the subject of 4irolfieOa ; infolloicing, 
we t^wMfdUow friendly to him etc. 

§ 20. ISo|c ravra i notice the asyndeton (omission of the connective). 
Cfl 3, 2, 39 ; 3, 3, 20 ; 4, 2, 19 ; 4, 4, 6. Similar instances, when the 

verb stands first and the demonstrative follows, are numerous. rh 

hi^carra rg arpartf : lit. the things which seemed good for the army, L e. 
what had been resolved onfbr the army, -^^ 5ti iuco6oi k,t.X. Cyrus here 
discloses a part of the truth, that the Greeks might be led to conjecture 
the rest, and thus by degrees become familiar with the project of marching 

against the kmg. Abrocamas is mentioned again in 1, 7, 12. r^y 

9iKfiy, the merited punishmenL Gf. 2, 5, 38, and 41. 

§ 21. ol aiperoif those who were chosen. Of. iyipas k\6fi€yoi k.tA. § 20 

— — Ayttf used for vivacity of expression instead of liyoi. Tpoffoi* 

rovcu The preposition in composition signifies in addition, i. e. in addition 
to the pay which they had before received. — 4ifu6\ioy . . . oS : a half 
more than that which etc. oS = roirov 2, the relative depending on li<p€poy 
and the antecedent on ritu6Xiov which has the force of a comparative. Gr. 
§ 275, 2. Others take oS =s rov luffBov By, instead of regarding it as a 

neuter pronoun used substantively. rod firiy6sf monthly. Gr. § 273, 

^» (b). Ty arparuirpf to the soldier, i. e. to each soldier. For the 

value ci the Daric, see note 1, 1, 9. — ^- ly ^e rf fayep^, adverbial, at 
least openly. Cf. 4y ry i/jut>ayuy 2, 5, 25. 

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BOOK I. CHAP. IV. 245 


The march from Tarsus to the Euphrates. Marnier of passing the Pyhie 
Syriae ; — desertion of Xenias and Pasion ; — conduct of Cyras towards 
them ; — anival at Thapsacus on the Euphrates ; — Cyrus discloses his 
real object; — dissatisfaction of the army; — at length, influenced by 
&esh promises and by the example of Menon, the whole army crosses 
the Euphrates. 

§ 1. ^dpos 13 written "Xdpos in other Greek authors ; it is now called 
Seihun. The river Pyramus is now called Dscheh^. The city Issus 
afterwards became celebrated as the scene of the great battle between 
Alexander and Darius 111. — olKoviiirnv, situated, Cf. uKuro 1, 4, 11 ; 
4, 8, 22. It sometimes means inhabitedLil^ 2, 6.), in opposition to the idea 
iphli-n, deserted. Cf. 1, 6, 4 ; and 3, 4, 7. 

§ 2. ai iK UeXoiroyirfitrov yrjes : the clause ix n€\. has the position and 
force of an adjectiye. Gr. § 245, Rem. 3. The ships from Peloponnesus 
have abready been mentioned 1, 2, 21. — hr* ai/rais, over them, denoting 
conmiand. Cf. in § 3. M rwv yc£y, upon the ships, denoting situation 

only. ityciro abrwy, led them, i. e. as commander in chief, while 

Pythagoras was subordinate in command, and admiral of the Peloponne- 
fiian ships only. After the death of Cyrus, this Tamos fled to Psammeti- 

chus king of Egypt and was there executed by order of the king. i^ 

*E4>4<rov is to be connected with rfyciro, conducted /rom Ephesus.'^-^ 
iiro\i6pK€if and <rvyeiro\4fi€t : cf. note on ^rtJ^xcwey 1, 1, 8. ■ vpbs ah' 
T<^» against him, i. e. against Tissaphemes. 

§ 3. fierd/trefiirros : for the force of the verbal adject, in -ros, see Gr. 
§ 234, 1, (i) ; cf. aiperoi, 1, 3, 21. — *AfipoK6fia : gen. sing. 1st declens., 
see Gr. § 44, Rem. 2. This whole clause is a condensed expression, equiva- 
lent to ol vap* *APpoK6fJUf fAiaOoipSpoi "EhXrjyes xap* *AfipOK6fia &iro(rr(iyr€5, 
the mercenary Greeks vnth Abrocamas having revolted yVom Abrocamas etc. 
Cf. note on rwv vaph jSoo-tX/ws 1, 1, 5. 

§ 4, ivrevOey, thence, i. e. from the city Issi, or as commonly written 

Issus. nl^Aos K.r.X. Three mountain passes led into the Cilician 

plain : one over Mt. Taurus, through which Cyrus had abready gone before 
reaching Tarsus ; the other two, between Cilicia and Syria. Of these, the 
route nearest the sea, which Cyrus now chose (and which contained in 
reality two passes), was called the Syrian, and that farthest from the sea, 
the Amanic pass. iriXas stands here without the article, as is often the 
case with the names of places. — — ^<rav . . . reixVf o,^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^'"^ 
walls. Thus Xen. describes somewhat indefinitely the passes themselves, 
because they were fortified by two rc^x^. Observe in this clause ^(ra» 
with the neat. plur. Gr. § 241, 4, (b). 'wp6^ before^ on the side of. To 


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246 KOTES. 

denote this idea wp6s was more commanlj used. — -* 81^ fiitrovy through 
the midst, fiitroy used snbstaittiyelj often stands withont the article ; c£ 
1, 7, 6 ; 1, 8, 13. — €tpos irXiBpov : the latter word depends on iroro- 

firff , the former is ace. by synec. ^o-oy agrees in number with the 

predicate. Cf. ^y 6, 2, 10 ; and 7, 2, 32. ohK IjVf impers. it was not 

possible, iiXifiaroi i a poetic word. Cf. Introdnction ; latter part of 

§ 3. i<f>€urrfiK€<ray : compounded of M and tffrri/u. Recollect that 

XoTTifju is intrans. in the per£ pluperf. and 2d aor. act, and that the perf. 

and pluperf. act. are pres. and imperf. in meaning. This section may 

be better understood by the following diagram. 

H ^ irirpai iiktfiaroi 

I J"*" 

ir ft -.3'^ 

b ! ! 

§ 5. i»roPtfidff€i€y : from iirofiipdCof, a transitive verb, to be carefully 
distinguished from ixofialyw (intrans.) : that he might land heavy-armed 

men etc. c1f(r«y within, i. e. between the two walls or fortresses ; li^w, 

tmthout, i. e. on the Syrian side ; mfX&v limits both c)f<rtf and ^|». See Gr. 
§ 273, 3, (c). — Koi fiuurdfifuoi ic.t.\., and that they (i. e. Cyrus and his 
army) having /breed the enemy etc. For a similar change of subject in two 
succeeding clauses, from the commander alone to the commander with his 
troops, cf. § 19. -^— ^uXi£rro/€y, sc. ol xoX^/uoi. — 5ircp, v^ich very 
thing, L e. the keeping guard at the Syrian pass. — r- (^X'^vra : the parti- 
ciple denotes the various ideas of lime, cause, and condition. Here the 
notion of cause seems most prominent, because he had a large army, — 
ob instead of its usual position (immediately before the verb) here stands 
before rovro, thus anticipating more distinctly the following antithesis. 
•— — Kvpoy . . . ivra, that Cyrus was etc. For the accus. and particip. 
instead of the accus. and infin. see Gr. § 310, 4. 

§ 6. Mvpiay^ov, Hertlein, apparently following Eiepert, gives this as 
the true form of the word for the time of Xenophon, instead of the later form 

Mvpiav9pov, which is found in most editions. ^y, Xen. might have 

written i<rrl, the place is a commercial factory, for the language was still 
true when he wrote the accoimt ; but the past tense is not unfrequently 
introduced thus instead of the present in a narration. Cf. iy6/ju{oy 1, 4, 9. 
iX(^p€i 1, 6, 6, and ^y 1, 4, 1. 6\KdB€S. For an account of the dif- 
ferent kinds of ships, see Die. Antiqq. art. navis. •— ^ &pfAOvy : fiom dp* 
^iw, to be carefully distinguished firom 6pfjid». 

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BOOK I. CHAP. IV. 247 

§ 7. &s . . . Mkow^ as they seemed to the most; the personal, instead 
of the more nsoal impersonal constroction. <f>iXoTi/iii04rrM%, being Jeo' 

lous. The allusion is explained in 1, 3, 7. rohs <rrpariATas is the 

object of ^x*''' • because Cyrus allowed Clearckus to retain etc. Observe 

the important force of ro6s before xapdi K^4apxoy : their soldiers, those who 
had gone to Clearckus. Without rols it would mean, their soldiers (imply- 
ing all of them) after hatting gone away to Clearchus. — &s : cf. note 1, 

1, 2. cfa : imper£ Sd pers. sing, of idu, with the augment el- . See 

Gr. § 122, 3. ^txovro as distinguished from fioiXofjuu and 404\u de- 
notes an earnest desire. — — &i . . . Svtos : cf# note on its 1, 1, 2. — 
hx&irotrro : observe that all the parts of this verb even those which are 
act. or mid. in form are pass, in meaning. 

§ 8. &AA,' . . • Zrif hut still let them at 'least know well thai etc hfurrd- 

ff$»tray from Marofuu, &iro9t5p^K«, / escape by running away and 

eluding observation; ieirwpe^Wf I flee away so as to get beyond the power of 

any one, oXxofuu, as also fiKOf, is perf. in meaning, though pres. in 

form. Gr. § 265, Rem. 2. o6S' . . . obSels : a double negation which 

we can translate only by a single negative. Gr. § 318. 6. &s iy^y 

notice the emphasis on this last word. abro^St though in the plural, 

refers to rls as collective in meaning. iSyrvy, let them (L e. Xenias 

and Pasion) go» KOKiovs, nominat. plur., qualifying the subject of tM. 

jcairoi . . . 7e . . . , &XX* : (dthough I have indeed . . . ^ yet etc y4 

renders lx» emphatic. TpdWtis : Tralles was a city in Lydia. 

^vpovfieya refers to Wjcya koX yvveuKos, not as persons but as things. 
Gr. § 242. trrepiiffotrrai : observe the anomaly in voice. See L. & Sc 

§ 9. ^9toy and wpoBvfA^tpoif : for the comparison of adverbs, see Gr. 
§ 86. — — . ffvyatop€6ovTOy proceeded in company with (him, L e, Cyrus). 

For the special force of the imperf. tense, see Gr. § 266, 2. Xd\os : 

now called Euweik. Lower in its course it flows through Haleb, the 
Xa\vfi(&y of the ancients. The name XcUoi seems allied to the name 

Xa\vfi<&y, ir\40pov limits voTa/i6y, Cf. wK40pwy I, 2, 23. ^foh. 

According to the Syrian legend, Semiramis was changed into a dove and 
her mother Derceto into a fish. Diodor. 2, 4, and 20. Hence these ani- 
mals were held as sacred by the Syrians. The worship of fishes was 
especially prevalent in the neighboring city, sacred to Detceto, called by 
the Greeks *Updiro\tSf by the Syrians Bambyce (so on the map), or Old- 
Nineveh (from nln i e,flsh), iy6tu(oy and cfwv : cL note on Ijy § 6. 

rfiow : cf. cfa § 7. —^ oblih rhs V€piaT€pdsf sc. iiBucuy ^tay, — -^ els f«J- 
tniy : the tribute from different provinces in the Persian empire was often 
devoted to the supply of the various wants of the Persian queens. In like 
manner (as we learn from Thucyd. 1, 138.) the Persian king gave to 
Themistocles the province of Magnesia to supply him with bread, Lamp- 
sacus, with wine, and Myus with viands. 


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248 NOTES. 

§ 10. Aaf>c($a|. Tliifl river has not yet be^i identified in rnodein 
times. Its situation however can he determined pretty nearly hy the dis- 
tances given in the Anah., and this is farther confirmed hy the site of the 
city afterwards called Barhalissus, hy the Syrians, Bar-Balasch (i. e. field 

of Balasch s= Belesys), now caQed BMis. ait rh tdpos x\4Bpov : the 

fttll construction according to Eriiger is oZ 'th €Zp6s iari edpos irXiOpovy 
whose width is (that of) a hundred feet. ■ tow . . . &p^ajrroSf the one hon- 
ing governed Syriay i. e. the person who had been governor of Syria (up to the 
time when Cyrus arrived). a^r<(y, i. e. TcapdZturav. 

§ 11. M , , » trorajUv : Hert. understands this to mean along the river y 
supposing Cyrus to have reached the Euphrates at the place called on the 
map Daradax, and from thence to have proceeded along in the neighboiv 
hood of the river without following its numerous windings. But the usual 
inteipretation to the river seems to he a more natural expression of hcX 
rhv . . . worafiSy : and it would seem also that Cyrus first reached the 
Euphrates at Thapsacus, hecause the width of the river is first mentioned 

at that place. rerrdpwy trra^ofy is pronounced hy Kiepert to he a 

mistake either of the pen or of the memory for rerrdpwv icKiBpmv, — 

ipK«7ro : cf. note on oiKovfi4prjv Ij 4, 1* Bd^oucos : the name is derived 

from a Syriac word, signifying ford^ or ferrg. The ruins of the ancient 
city are near a ford of the Euphrates, a little ahove the present city Rakka, 

called in the Macedonian period Kicephorium. oyS/Aari: the accus. 

tyofM is a more common construction. Cf. 1, 2, 23. fiaffi\4a : cf. 

note on fiouriKeh 1, 1, 6. hyaxciBety diflTers from irclBety, in implying 

that a previous opinion must first he refuted, or a previous determination 
checked, and then some other opinion or determination made to take it<< 
place. -KtlBtiy means simply to persuade, iyairtlBfiy, to bring over hy per^ 

§ 12. avrobs . . . Kp^vreiy : tAflrf theyy knowing these things long he/ore, 
concealed them. Contrary to the usual construction of the verba declarandi^ 
^fil ahnost always takes the accus. and infin. instead of Zri or &s with a 

finite mood. ovk Htpaaay : cf. note 1, 3, 1. 4h.y . . . SiB^, instead 

of €l . . . 9Mri. Cf. note on this same expression 1, 3, 14. ihy p.'fi, 

unless. rlsf some one. The reference is of course to Cyrus. 

&<nr€p Kot, sc ravra iB6Briy as also was given etc. For tife allusion, see 1, 

1, 2. Koi ravra, and that too, ravra may he explained here hy under- 

standing i^6Bi/i, although the phrase koX ravra often has the force of a 

conjunction. See Gr. § 312, Rem. 8. I6yruy, sc. avray, gen. ahs. 

The dat. lov<riy agreeing with ro7s npor. might have heen expected. Cf. 
wpoUyruy 1, 2, 17. and ixSyrcoy 3, 1, 40. 

§ 13. Z(&<rety. The fut. infin. is the usual oonstraction after verhs of 
hoping and promising ; yet see Ta^ffoa^cu 1, 2, 2. fiov\ei&<rairBu 2, 3, 20. 


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BOOK I. OHAP. IV. 249 

«— ^ fiFtts. For an account of the Grecian monej, see Die. Antiqq. art 
nnmnrna — -* ^icmn and Kwraffrltirjf : cf. note <m ^ . . . liHif 1, 8, 14. 
rh m\h TOW 'EXXiyyiicotf : lit. IA« mucA ^<A« Gredanforce^ i. e. in an 
Eng. idiom, ike greater part qfete, in distinction from Menon and his armj. 
wo\6 without r6 wonld mean mucht a considerable pctrt, but not the greater 

part, irplr S^Xof cTvoi, before it was plain. See Gr. § 887, 9, (c). . 

rl woffiffouerty. The form of a direct question, for liveliness of nairatioD, 
instead of 2, ri voi^cioy : and since it is directly dependent on this clause 
e^oyrcu also has the form of the oratio recta. In translating we should 
more naturally employ the oratio obliquOj — tohat the other soldiers footdd do, 
whether they would follow etc. 

§ 14. irporifA'fia'€(r$€ : mid. in form, but pass, in meaning, — you shall be 
honored before the other etc. irX^ov though pleonastic, imparts additional 
force to irpo- in composition. — » bfMS XP^*^^ Zutfiriyaif that it is expedient 
for you to cross, bfjMs is the subj. of Ztafiriyai, XP^*^ ^ impers. and de- 
pendent on ^fd. —'-^ iiroKpufovmai, For the formation of the fut. in 
liquid Terbs, see Gr. § 149. 

§ 15. V • • • ^M>i<rurrai i lit /or if they shall have voted, iy with the 
suljunct aor. is a dependent fut. perf. Gr. § 255, Bern. 9. We should 

commouly say simply, for if they vote, eitrioi : an a^ct. qualifying 

i/uTs I you will seem to be a causey I e. of their voting to follow. — - ip- 
|ayrc5 : the particip. denotes here most prominently the notion <^ cause, 
while the other ideas of time and of condition are also involved. We may 

render it, because you began etc. C£ note on l^x'^vra § 6 above. X^P^^ 

dli4yai and inroitbAyai : in Latin gnOiam habere and referre : to be grateful 
and to repay a favor, or to return thanks, ctitrcrai is fut. of oJ9a. See Gr. 

§ 195. «f Tis Koi iXXos : c£ 1, 3, 15. it,wo^<l>iirwyrai, sc. mo'Bai. 

&iro-, away J from, has a privative or negative sense. 6fjuy . , . €ls : 

but you as if alone yielding he will employ (as) most faithful both for etc.— 
Kol &AAOV . . . K6pov : and any <aher thing, whatever you shall need, J know 
that you will obtain from Cyrus as a friend. Two methods of explaining the 
construction of &AAov are proposed. It may depend as gen. on rc^^co^e, 
since rvyxd^tty can take two genitives (cf. 5, 7, 83), or it may be instead 
of &AAo by inverted attraction (in which the antecedent is attracted to the 
case of the relative). Gr. § 332, Rem. 11. 

§ 16. 9Mfi€firiK6raSf sc. abroh : that they had crossed over ; accus. and 

particip. after a verbum sentiendu cTircv : c£ note on IX€76 1, 3, 8. 

^5ij . . . iraiyw tfor the present I applaud you,' or, for the present I thank 

you. C£ ^aty& 7, 7, 52. hcaiy4ffvre : the fut. act of i7caw4w is much 

less frequent than the fut mid. ^ . . . yo/dCert : or no longer think me 

(to be) Cyrus. His generosity was well known. 

§ 17. ol arpari&Tai : the soldiers, i. e. those of Menon. — » M4y»yi : 


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250 NOTES. 

to MenoH, or for Meium ; dat commodi, lunitiiig W>uf^ai, but not as a veA 
of motioxL. To denote the person or jdace where the motion ends, after a 
Terb expressing or implying moti<m, a prepositi<m with the aocos. is used. 
In § 16 r^ rrport ^/ictri limits ttircy, not w4fv^. The same principle is 
also familiar in Latin. — Koi r&y • • . oitiels : and no one of those who 
were crossing the river etc. ErQg. and Matt omit r&y and understand av- 
rwv^ — and no one of them while crossing etc Hert retains tmf and also 
understands air&yf which seems inadmissible. The first inteipretation 
presents no refd difficulty. 

§ 18. Ziafiarhs . . . irc0 : passable on foot, fordable. For the meaning 

of the verbals in -T<Jr, see Gr. § 234, 1, (i). el fi'^ : except ; used after 

negations. Cf. 1, 5, 6; 2, 1, 12; 4, 7, 6. &X\d: but onlyj cf. 3, 2^ 

13. In this clauso imderstand 9Mfiar6s : hut (that it was passable only) 
with boats, '•^—9tafij': another instance added to several that we have 
already noticed, in which the suljunot stands instead of the optat. in a 
«lause dependent on a past tense of the indie See Gr. § 327*. 1, and 2. 
"-«- rhv troTOfUv is the subject of ^ox»pn^ai and both together depend 
on &6Kti, — that the river manifestlg receded before Cyrus as if etc The 
statement of the Thapaacenes is considered by Grote as *' a mere pieoe 
of flattery to Cyrus.'' For other similar instances of oriental flattery, see 
Grote ch. 69, and note on this passage. 

§ 19. 2vp/as. This name, as also Aram in the Old Test, was given 
to the land both east and west of the Euphrates. It was not till the 
Boman period that the name was limited to the country between the Eu- 
phrates and the Mediterranean'; for it was not till after the Macedonian 
conquest that the name Meo'OTora/Afa became generally applied to the land 

between the Tigris and Euphrates. *A/n£{i}s. This name, signifying 

M water-flowing," was applied to several rivers in the Aramaean country. 
Here it is applied to the only tributary of the lower Euphrates, which in 
all other ancient writings is called Chab6r (Xafi^pas or *Afi6ppas)> The 
Arabs now call it Ghab^. In the Boman period, the important frontier 
fortress Circesium stood here. 


March on the left bank of the Euphrates to a point oipjpomtd Charmande. 
Sufferitigs of the army in the desert ;— ^dangerous quarrel of Clearchus 
and Menon, in which the Greeks generally become involved ; — settled 
by the expostulation of Cyrus. 

§ 1. *Apafilas, This is an ethnographio name given to the southern 
part of Mesopotamia, because this region, owing in part to the depth of the 
channel of the Euphrates, was nearly destitute of water and of vegetation ; 


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BOOK I. GOAF. T. 251 

and oonseqnentlj was inhabited only hj roving tribes of Arabf, as is also 
the case at the present daj. — ip^fiovs, in a deteii country. — ^> jhrar is 
sometimes explained as qualifying ifw\6v ; but in 4, 4, 1, it is used in the 
same sense as here and is necessarily an actject. So here it is more natural 
to consider it an abject, qualifying wtHtoy. In that region the earth toaa aUo^ 

ffether apiam level ae a ma, Cfl Thucyd. 6, 21. Herod. 1, 52. cT ris 

and cf ri may often be best rendered whoever^ whateoer. So here : — and 

whateioer dae oho there was w (this region) of bnuh or reed etc imarra 

refers to cf rt as collectiye in meaning. Of. aitnoh 1, 4, 8. — ^<ra^ 
agrees with a neuter plur. See Or. § 241. Rem. 5. (b). Cf. 1, 2, 23. 
— 4priV : sc. roin^ rf r6ir^, 

§ 2. dripia irorroto, sc. iyrjif, — ^u&koi and wXritrtdCoiev, The optat. 

is not unfrequently as here used in an iterative sense. Gr. § 827>>, 2. 

frpodpofj^PTfs, from irporp4x»' — ^(rrwray : eyncopated pluper£ 8d pers. 

plur. ; used in the sense of the imperf. Gr. § 193. xo\^ : an adv. 

qualifying ^arroy, much swifter, -raibrbv hcoiow^ thetf did the same 

thing. For the form rain6v instead of r^ abrSt see Gr. § 92, Rem. 2. 

Xafiiur, sc. airo6s, Zm- in composition with ardyrts signifies apart, 

at intervals. •"-^ZuuSex^iJifvoi roTs frrots: relieving (one another) with 
their horses. roTs i\a^€loiSf sc. Kpiaarw, the flesh of stags, venison. 

§ 3. iroKh yhp . . . <f>e^wra : for in fleeing it distanced (the horsemen^ 
hgfar. One would expect ^(rfwv instead of ^^yowra, as in the phrase 
arpov0o\ ol fi^ydxoi just above, arpov06s is masculine ; but the gender of this 
word in other writers also fluctuates as here. -^— ro7s fihy xoal . . . rcui 
9h trripvluf depend on xp^/^^f^f — t"^ the feet in running and the wings (bg 
raising them vp) just Hhe a saU. With aXpova-a understand rits irripvyas. 
kvurry being in the present tense denotes the continuance or repeti- 
tion of the action, — if one start them up quickly and repeatedly. iart, it 

is possible. For this accentuation, see Gr. § 35, 1. — ^ liv : cfl note on ^v 
1, 4, 6. 

§ 4. xKe9puuov. In this entire distance of five days* march only short, 
narrow, and except in the rainy season dry ravines are found ; so that the 
language of Xen. is applicable only to a canal which is filled from the 
Euphrates, and i^ situated at about this distance from Chab6r. Together 
with the river it forms the large island Werdi, and on this Corsote must 

have stood. vepuppeTro k6kK^ must not be taken in too strict a sense. 

In 4, 7, 2. and in 7, 1, 14. k^kK^ cannot mean entirely round : and Iso- 
crates says of the Nile ic6k\^ aMiv (Egypt) wepUxiov. ' For the imperf. 
here, cf. note on ^y 1, 4, 6. Mdaxa : see Gr. § 44, Rem. 2. 

§ 5. nijios. This was not a mountain pass like the HiKai rris KiKi- 
kIos Koi rifs Jivplas (1, 4, 4.), but rather a gentle descent from the high 
desert region whldh they had just traversed to the well watered and fruitful 


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252 NOTES. 

lowlands of Babylonia. Very likely also at ibis point a fortress may haT« 
been established, marking the bonndary between two satrapies. — '• — oM 
i\Xjo oMp B4vZpov : nor any thing dte even a tree, -^— 0/ ipoiKovrreSj sc 
rai^rp ry x<^P?* "~~" ^yovs ikdras. The latter noon, grammatically in 
apposition with the former, is added to give it the specific meaning mtZ^ 
alone. According to the grammarians, Hvos denoted the npper and fi6?<os 
the lower mill-stone. It is also snggested that the npper mill-stone may 
have been called Hvos from the fact that the ass was very commonly em- 
ployed in taming it. — Ijyovy sc. $povs ik^ras, — ical . . . i(aoPy and 
nJmsted hy purchasmg com m return ; sc. r&v Svwv iiXereh' ; ^{»y : impexf. 

of (iiM. 

§ 6. vpieur0M : nsed only in the aor. ; referred to i»v4oiuu as a present. 
'^— iv ry Avilff iiyopf. We learn from Herod. 1, 165, and 167. that the 
elder Cyrus, after the conquest of Lydia forbade the use of arms to the 
inhabitants, and that henceforth they devoted their attention to trade. 
ip r^ , , , fiap$apuc^ : rh fi€ipfiapuc6Pf the barbarian (army), is nsed like 
T^ *Eh\riyuc6y I, 4, 13. — r^r Katrleiiy : in apposition with triroy under- 
stood, the object of wpioffBeu, — rerrdpvy trlyXwy : gen. of price. Gr, 
§ 275, 3. It will be perceiyed that triyXos is the Greek form of the word 

shekel which occurs so often in the Old Testament. hfioXois : object 

of B^yarau Gr. § 279, 6. 'ATTiicoi^y agrees with the principal word 

ofioXo^Sf although the more remote. The 6fio\6s was one-sixth of a 
Bpaxji-flf which was about one-sixth of an American dollar in value. How 
high the price here mentioned was, may be seen by a comparison with the 
prices at Athens. In the time of Socrates, four choenixes of peeled barley 
were worth one obolus. Boeckh, Staatshaush. d. Atb. 1. 102. By com- 
putation it will be seen that the price of com in the army of Gyms at this 

time compared with the price at Athens was as sixty to one. With 

itrBlovrfs Bitylyyovro compare \4yw ^tVHf^ 1> ^» ^^ > Zierikovv xp^f'^f^^ 
8, 4, 17. 

§ 7. liv oSs, some. So also we find tiarty or ^v &v for the gen. ; tffrw 
or ^v oTs for the dat. In all these expressions the verb has merely the 
force of a prefix ; and the two words together equal, in the gen. ^jrW, in 
the dat. iyiots, in the accus. iriovs. See Gr. § 331, Rem. 4 ; j(y oS$ there- 
fore taken together depend on ^\aw€y as accu& of cognate meaning. lit 
eome of these ttages he marched very long ; L e. scmie of these stages which he 
accomplished were very long. —-^ fio^?iotrOf another example of the itera- 
tive optative. Cf. Sm^koi, vkriiridCoi&ff 1, 6, 2. — ^ SiorcAio-oi, sc riiw 

My, In 4, 6, 11. we find the expression ^tarcA^o'ou 4y rfj A8#. nal 

8/|r is often used to introduce that which is specially emphatic And what 

was vx)rthy ofipecUd notice, on a certain ocoatwn tohen etc ffrtrox^P^f 

gen. abs. The case absolute in Greek as in Latin is best translated b/ 


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BOOK I. OHAP. T. 253 

cue of the words, when, beeaute, or if; according as the notion of time^ 
cBttue^ or condition is most prominent. For the gender and number of 
^KUf4rras see Gr. § 242. 1. (b). --^-^rov 0, arparov, depends on XafiSvraSf 
the gen. denoting of, apart of, Gr. § 273, 8. 

§ 8. irvparunrwo'ai (comp. dr^, M, <nr€^«) ; o^y, witky often denotes 
assbtance (cf. ovytKfiifid(tuf ^PO) ^ OMUt in hastening on the woffont, — 
ijr, impers., it was possible, — k^vi, see Die. Antiqq. art. Candjs. — — 
%Tvx^ iffrriKi&Sf happened to be standing. Cf. irapiiv Myxov^^ 1. 1. 2; 
ioTJiK^s, pert in form, always pros, in meaning. — ircpl viietis, for vie- 

torg, in allusion to the Grecian games. koI /uUa, e»«» very, qualifying 

icpayovs. &ya|vp(5a5, see Die. Antiqq. art. Bracae. — %vu>i tk Koi, 

but some also, so. Hx"*^'^^^' '"""' ^^^ roWois, with these, i. e. the costly tunics 
and embroidered trowsers. The Persians had adopted thfi rich and ex- 
pensive dress of the Medes. -^^- Carrey ^ &s, lit. sooner than as; L e. sooner 
than, the Eng. idiom not allowing us to translate &s, unless by an awk 

ward transposition of the words, thus, tin a wag sooner than, etc. rU taf 

^ero, on* would suppose, crederes* --^•'^ iitr^dipovs, raised aloft; qualifies 
'^ks kfidlas. 

§ 9. rh Hfiiray, Ut, as to the whole, L e. in general, &s after ^\6s 

i<rTi (or Ijv) is unusual. Cf. 9riKos Ijv hudiiJitvos 1, 2, 11. and the note on 

that passage. Sirow /*<, lit. where not, i. e. (in an Eng idiom) except 

where he halted etc. 5<ry ii\v . . . rocolntp, quanta , . . tanto, lit. hy how 

much , , . bg so much, i e. (in the Eng. idiom) the more , , , the more. — - 
tuf with Moi, being in a dependent clause is contrary to the general rule, 
Gr. § 260, (4), (a) : it suggests the condition cl lAtfox. — /iax<«r^a«> fut. 

infin., dependent on vofd(ttv, a'xoJ<ai6r€poy, sc. $\0oi, — avyiB€iy is 

explained as synonymous with S^Ai}. And to the person directing his atten- 
tion towards it, the king's government was also (lit.) to discover being strong, 

i. e. tww manifestly strong etc. koL r^ ^tfoxdaeai r, 5., and in the fact 

that the forces were wide apart. ■ kaOeirlis qualifies &px4* """" ^*^ '»'*" 
xioiVj adverbial, quickly, '^-^^^ ixoitiro. The mood, but not the tense 
(votciTou) of direct narration is here retained. This sentence gives a brief 
but striking description of the character of the Persian empire. 

§ 10. x4pay, on the other side of, i. e. on the west bank of the river ; 
the army having crossed over to the eastern dde at Thapsacus. — Jm- 

fiaivoyrts, sc. t^i^ vorafiSy, 6i<f>e4pas, Tanned sheep-skins, inflated 

and sewed together, are still used very commonly by the Kourds and 

Arabs in crossing the Tigris and Euphrates. iwlfxirXaffay from ir/ju- 

wkrifAt. ffvydffxwy (from avffwdu), they sewed them together, ^--■^ rh 

HHwp, subject of &vTtff$ai, so that the water should not touch etc. &s before 
the infin. instead of Start is frequent in Xen. ; e. g. 1, 8, 10 ; 2, 3, 10 ; 
2, 6, 9 ; for the negative /a^ instead of o6, see Gr. § 818. 8. (f ). 


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254 NOTES. 

rrjs before iwh rod ^iwucos connects this phnse m an acyectiTe to fiaxd* 
yov. As the Gieeks were not familiar with the findt of the palm tree (the 
date), they had no one word bj which to express the idea; hence the 
circmnlocntion, ^ fidKoaros 4 &^^ tov ^b^ucosj ihe fruit of iKe palm tree, 
Palin wine and the date are described more particularly 2, 3, 15 and 16. 
— ^ rovTQ refers indefinitely, without regard to gender, to fitxivrii co^- 
sidered simply as a thing. 

§ 11. itfxtpi\€^dyT»y ri (= wtpl rtwos), disputing about something, - 

r»y re . . . iced r&v rov KXtdpxov^ both the soldiers ofMenon and those of 
Clearchus ; gen. abs. with iLfA^iX^^dm-my. — -— rhy rod JAiiwyos^ sc. ot/ns- 
rifl^y. It seems that the quarrel had originated between two single men 
belonging to these generals respectively, and that their other soldiers had 

by degrees been drawn into it irXifyia iydfiaXey^ sc. abr^^ tnfiicted 

blows (on him). ^Acycy, related (the affair). 

§ 12. rots wtpl aifr6yy lit. those around Mm, L e. Aw attendants* 

j^iccv, imperf. in form, bnt aprist or plnpeif. in meaning. Cf. note 1, 2, 6. 

If rendered as an imper£ here it would plainly contradict irpocr^Aauye. 

Xiiai rf i^iyp : Suidas sopposes an ellipsis of rhy K\4€tpxoy after .7i}<ri, and 
this suggestion has been generally followed ; but it is somewhat doubtful. 
An ellipsis of the gen. would seem more natural Ct Soph. Aj. 154. tmv 
^vx»y If is* It is perhaps still better to consider the verb as intrans. C£ 
L. & S. sub voce, rp iiiypt dat. of instroment. Lit he throws with his 
axe; in the Eng. idiom, he throws his axe, oZros the same as r\s 

aboye. avrov, i. e. Clearchus. For the government, see Gfr. § 271, 2. 

I &AAo;, sc. Tijcri. 

§ 13. irapayy4}i\9i eh rh SirAa, sc. Uyau The elliptical espressiqa 
corresponds to the idea of haste here involved. ' rits hnrlHas irpbs rk 
y6yara ^iyras, placing their shields upon their knees ; thus signifj^ng that 
they were ready for an attack. •— ro^uy, L e* the horsemen, ot irAe?- 
iTTOt, sc. ^(Toy. robs M4y»yos, Ct oi iKelyoVf 1, 2, 15. — ^iwe- 

irXrix^ai (from iicwK^rrui), were terrified, -^— ol 9h ica/, others also ; ol 94 
being used here as though ol fUy had gone before. — ^ loTfluroy, see Gr. 

§ 14. rd^ts IC.T.A., a division qfthe heavy-armed men following him, sc 
ln^€ wpoffiovaa. The rcC^ts, according to 6, 5, 11., consisted of 200 men. 
— ^ ody indicates that the sentence, which had been broken off by the 
parenthetical clause irvx^ ydp, ic.t.\., is here resmned. So in Latin 

igitur. C£ 6, 6, 15. it/jul>or4pwy, of both parties, i. e. Clearchus and 

Menon with their respective forces ; dependent on rh fi4<roy used substan- 
tively. t^Bero rk trKu, For the three meanings o£ ^4<rBai rk hrXa^ 

see L. & S. sub ridrnii IX. Here it means, he halted; while his soldiers 
laid their shields down before them and stuck their spears in the ground. 


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BOOK I. OHAP. YI. 255 

— a^ov . . . KOTttXttw^^pa^ whm he (L e. Oleardnu) vxuUed Utile of hetag 

atoned to death. — wp^s \4yoif (sc. M^ywy,) he spoke lightly etc. 

o^oO refers back to the leading subject of the sentecce 6 94^ i. e. 

§ 16» iy roirtf, sc. ry XP^^' '^^ ifdKrd. The article is nscd 

because it is assumed as a fact well known that the wdKri belonged to his 

ordinary armor. <riv ro7s Topovo't r&w inar&y, with those who werepre" 

sent of his most faithful attendants ; implying perhaps that part of them had 
not yet come up, being still on the march. 

§ 16. ol &X\oij in apposition with 6/a€7s understood. Obserre that the 
nom. is here connected by koI to the yoc. Examples of this kind, when 

tri, or ifieis iA understood, are frequent KaTaKtK^«<rBai : fut. per£, 

with pass, meaning. As it expresses the notion of finished action, the 
future event is conceived of as already having taken place ; hence, as cer- 
tain. oZroi , . . fidpfiapoi, A conunon noun with a demonstrative 

pronoun requires also the article before it. See Gr. § 246. 3. In this 
clause ots Spare expresses emphatically the idea of the article, and hence 

stands instead of it. iroA.6/uM^€/>o(, more hostile; perhaps (as Hertlein 

suggests), from envy because Cyrus had shown a preference for the Greeks. 
r&y 7ifier4po»y^ our affairs ; gen. abs. with ixSyrwp • compare with kok&s 
ix6yrc»y {being in a had condition) tiyoiK&s Ixoiey 1, 1, 5. 

§ 17. 4y lavT^ iyiy^ro : lit. hecame in himself which is very similar 
to the English expression by which this is to be rendered, came to himself 
iy with the dat. as distinguished from cts with the accus. after a verb ex- 
pressing or implying motion denotes the idea of remainii]^ in. This is 

inferred from the notion of rest belonging to the dat. narh X'^P^'^t *^ 

their respective places ; Kurd with the accus. often denoting the idea of dis- 
tribution. — iB^yro rh 5irAa, laid aside their arms, encamped. Not used 
in precisely the same sense as above, § 14. Cf. note on that passage. 


Trial and condemnation of Orontes for conspiracy against Cyrus. 

§ 1. 'EktcvOcv, cf. 1, 6, 5 and 10. — «poi<^rrai', whUe they tcere ad- 
vancing ; gen. abs. sc. ain&y. ^^— oUroii i. e. ol Imreis implied in the fore- 
going. rf Ti, cf. 61 94 Tt Koi &AAo, 1, 6, 1. y4ytif by birth. In 

6, 2, 29, the same idea is expressed by rh y4yos, accus. synec. ri 

wo\4fua limits more definitely the meaning of \ey6fLeyos, Gr. § 279, 7. 
— Koi 'irp6aBty iroXefA-haaSy having even before been at war, L e. with Cy- 
nui — — - KoraKKar^As 94, Hertlein and ErOger following Reiake puno- 


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toato liiiu. 'V^th KoraXXoyt^f, c£ ovroXAAy^n 1, 2, 1, and learaXMrm 
1, 1, 10. 

§ 2. ro^f tint4atf the object of imraic^i ; &y is expressed with this 
verb, because it would be required if the sentence were changed into the 
oratio recta. See Gr. § 345, 4 ; it is to be understood with the optatives 
which follow in this sentence ; for, according to the principle laid down 
by Eriig. Spr. 69, 7, 4., when two or more verbs follow each other in the 
same grammatical construction, if &r is expressed with the first, it may be 

omitted with the rest, but must be supplied mentally. icm\ic€i€ . . . 

iwt6yTasy woM re$tram (tiem) in advancing from btaming etc. The object 
of Ko/ccy is to be gathered from the first section, where it is expressed. 
For the government, see Gr. § 271, 2. — ^ irw^cio' Sotc; iroieiy is 
usually followed by the infin. alone. The intended result is expressed 
here more emphatically by using Hare. — iSSrras . . . 5ia77c<Xa<, Ao»- 
ing teen the army qfCyrm to convey the tidings to the king, ha-, in comp. 
with &77€7Aa<, signifying through, has reference to the intervening space. 
Of. in Latin intemuntium este. See also haryy^Kei), 2, 3, 7. 

§ 3. Brtj to the effect that, introduces the substance of the lettw ex- 
pressed in the oratio obUqm» «.-.— £$ &y 5. irXc/<rrov5, m many aa possible. 
S^yvyrflu, subjunct. instead of optat. which the general rule would require. 
Gr. § 327*, 1 and 2. — — hciKtv^v^ sc rh¥ fioffiXia ; <^pd(rai dependant cm 
4K4\tvey and ^oB4xeaBm on <l>p4urau ahr6v, him, L e. Orontes. 

§ 4. kuoayvois, having read; from hyaytyv^Kw, ^^^ htri. belongs to 
rt^s iplarovs* ^-^~ ^oBai, rh hrhja : cf. note on 5, 14. 

§ 5. Zs 7€. Since he especially. The relative here is causal, and 

tiie particle y4 makes it emphatic. rots &\\ois, to the others ; L e. 

both Greeks and Persians ; all the others in distinction from Clearchus. 
— irpoTifiriBrjwat fidKurra ; cf. 1, 4, 14. — twv 'EXX-fivwy limits Bs. 
r^u lepltriy &s 4y4yeTO, lit. the trial how it took place, i e. how the trial was 
conducted ; another instance of prolepsis or anticipation, cf. 1, 1, 5. — 
oh . . , iiir6pfyijToy, not forbidden to be spoken qf,i.e. not to be kept secret ; 
inr6pp7rroy qualifies ^ KptctSf but refers to it indefinitely only as a thing ; 
cf. TovTO, 1, 6, 10. — tipx^of TOW Kiyov, began the conversation, (in this 
case, the trial) ; &px» \^ov, I begin a conversation (in which others are to 
participate) ; fyxofuu xAyov, I begin an address (which I myself am to con- 
tinue). Cf. 3, 2, 7. 

§ 6. &y5pc5 ^Ihjoi ; cf. &y5. orpartSrat, 1, 3, 9 ; HtfBpts was the com- 
mon mode of respectful address. We have no one word so generally used. 
^-^~ 7rp6s c. gen. ; a common form of asseveration, more solemn than H^ 
or fiA with the accus. xplbs d-c»y, in the presence of the gods, in the viem 

of the gods. rovrovt. For the demonstrative ( at the end <rf ro^nov, 

lee Gr. § 95, (t). For the omission of the article, see Gr. § 246^ Bern. 1. 

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BOOK I. CHAP. VI. 257 

(b). •— — abT6sf always intensive in iihe nom. and in the oblique cases 

when in apposition with another pronoun or with a nona hrolriira 

ic.r.\., lit / effected that it seemed good to Mm to cease etc. 9«^tdy, 

right-hand, given in token of a solemn promise ; hence hj meton. promise, 

§ 7. fierh ravra ; Cyros here tnms directly to Orontes. — &Tcicp(- 
varo thi oHf he relied, "no;" 8t« is often nsed as the sign of a direct 
quotation, where we use only quotation marks ; oC sa ohK tcrw. — 
a\n6sy see note § 6 sup. ohtiv, in nothing, accns. ^ynec. ; more em- 
phatic than the simple negative obx. ' ^ToorAy els, an abbreviated, 

but common form of expression for iiroarits Koi i,ire\$i)y th, The 

Mysians like the Pisidians inhabited a mountainous country and main- 
tained their independence against the Persians. Of. 3, 2, 28 and 24. 

By ri i9^yo9y sc. kok&s Toiuy, in whatever you were able (to do injuiy). 

tijni = &fLO\iy€if Orontes said, yes. r^v . . . H^yafjuy, your oicn power 

(L e. as the connection implies), how insufficient it was. ■ riis 'Aprd^ 
fuHos ; probably the Ephesian Artemis (Diana), a divinity quite distinct 
from the Grecian Artemis, and especially worshiped among the Persians, 
(Diodor. 6, 77.) 

§ 8. ipay€p6s, mani/est ; more conveniently translated as an adv. open" 

ly (^plotting against me). Cf. note on 9^A.o5 ^v, 1, 2, 11. Bri before 

odScy, and ov5*, sign of a direct quotation and consequently not to be 

translated. Cf. note on Bri § 7. ovtkv iiJ^iKtiB^is, sc hrifiovK^^vy coi 

ipaycphs ySyora. ''H ydp, yes for; ''H is in sense equivalent here to 

hyLoiKaySi, I acknowledge (it) ; hence the force of ydp. itydyKTi, sc. iarl. 

With ia^yiai, we often find iffrt omitted. yeyotfiriy, sc. ^iXos <roi Koi 

wurr6s. Who has not seen the character of Orontes reproduced, on a 

smaller scale, in what we call " a spoUed child ? ** 

§ 9. &ir^^yai (from &To^yw) yy^firiu, express an opinion; Strris and 
5, ri in an indirect question instead of rts, j/. rdUe, asfoSlows. Ob- 
serve the distinctioQ here made between rciSc and ravro. With ravra, 
compare roixkvra, roca^ra, and ovrus ; with rciSc, compare roidSc, ro^ 

cd6€, and S Je. See Gr. § 303. rovroy ^vkdrretrOat, to be on our 

guard against this man. Whereas ^vAirrccv rtyd signifies to guard any one. 

For the force of the Mid, voice (^wAc(TTe<rdoi), see Gr. § 260. rh . . , 

€tyai, so far as relates to this man; aocus. of limitation. Gr. § 279, 7; 
cTycu has in such formulas, says Hertlein, a limiting sense like y4, ai least, 

§ 10. 1^: sc. K\4apxo5i (as Clearchus afterwards) rc/a««;. t^j 

C<5iHjj, by the girdle, gen. of part. Gr. § 273, 3. (b). This is said to have 

been among the Persians a sign of condemnation to death. jcal ot ffvy., 

even his relatives. ois irpotrerdxBrii Ht they to whom it was appointed 

led etc Er&ger reads of wpwrerdxBri, to the place where it was appointed (to 

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258 KOTBS. 

them to lead him). — otrtp^ the very penom vho r-^<p is intensivB 
the antecedent of oTirep i» the snbject <rf c I5oy. — - M ^Jawroy, after a veit 
of motion, denoting direction towards ; iw\ ^a^dr^ denotes the object or 
end without the idea of motion. 

§ 11. oihe . . . ohieU , . . no one ever beheld Orontes either etc. ; for the 
negatives, see Gr. § 318, 6. — ^ clSiis, hnounng^ in oppositicm to £he idea 
of €heA(i»v, conjecturing. — ^ . . . iXKoi &KXms^ tome conjectured one thing ; 
iome, another^ It is suggested on the strength of a passage in Herod. (7. 
114.), that he maj hare been bnried alive in the tent. 

CHAP. vn. 

Jdarch to the vicinity of Conaxa. Review of the forces at midnight ;— 
Cyras excites the enthusiasm of the Greeks by magnificent promises; — 
after passing a trench dug by the king, not expecting an immediate 
engagement, the army maizes somewhat negligently. 

§ 1. fi4irtt5 v^KTos is used in the plur. says ErOger, because reference 
is had to the several parts QpvXaKc£) into which the night was divided. 
€U r^w hr, CM, on the foiUwing morning; at 2, 3, 26; 4, 1, 16. The 

notion of direction towards is contained in these expressions. abv rf 

crpartviMTi ; cf. 1, 8, 1 ; <r^y is not commonly expressed with this idea. 
Here however perspicuity requires it ; for if the dat stood without <r^, it 
might be connected either with fMxo^fiwoy denoting the army of Cyrus ; 

or with fi^€ty denoting the army of the king. fiaxoifitvoy^ fut parti« 

cip. denoting purpose. — k^/mvs, for the government, eee Gr. § 276. 1. 

rod 5c|. K4pws, and rod €{wy6fjLOv : ihe right and the left wing of the 

Greeks is meant ; cf. 1, 8, 4. The whole Grecian force constituted the 
right wing of the army of Cyrus ; this place having been assigned them 
as tha post of honor. It was also the post of danger in a Grecian army ; 
for in case they were outflanked, the r^ht side, not being covered with 
the shield, was more exposed than the left would be. — ^ abrSsf he Aun- 
ielf, i. e. Cyrus. 

§ 2. rifi4pify governed by &fM used as a preposition. Gr. § 289, Renu 
— ^ ir&s, the direct interrogative, here used in an indirect question in- 
stead of thr»s ; cf. rl instead of 5,ri, 1, 4, 18. a^hs trapiv^i ^app^imr 

roidify he himself, encourctging, advised (them) as fiUows. irap^y^i fiom 
irapaivioa ; roidJ6^^ such things as /oUow ; roirdief so many things as foUcfw ; 
rd9€f the following things, Cf. also note on rdUe^ 1, 6, 9. 

§ 3. ovK hpO. . . . fiap$dpC9¥f not because I am in want qfbarharian mem 

etc For the government of kydpdnewy see Gr. § 273, 6. (b). hjui- 

poyas icoi Kp^ijrovs, better and braver^ a pleonasm employed for emphasia. 

Digitized by LaOO^lC 


.— vpoo'^^ajSoF, 8c d/iof. — — ^ fhrus . . . Mpts, «e« therefore that ffe be 

men etc Gr. § 880, 6. and Rem. 4. f i instead of fjy by attraction. 

Gr. § 882. 6. 6ir^p Ijsj for which, ia thonght to be the only instance 

of ixip and the gen. instead of the gen. alone with MaifMwt(». irr\ 

&u f^ta xJanvvy in preference to all thai I have. The antecedent vdrrmy 
is here drawn into the relative clause, instead of iirrX vdrrwf h Ix^ ^^ 
t €Tx€ OTpdrevfM 1, 2, 1. 

§ 4. The learner wiU distingnish between «idijr€ (from oT8a) and ISirrc 

(from ffl9oy). ydp^ epexegetic ; see L. & S. under ydp, JL rh 

vXrjBoSf sc. iorL ——— iufdaxn^* » ^o^ ^® ^o'c® ^ ^® <^i^« subjunct. with 
&yf see note 1, 4, 15. — — r^ AxXa . . . otovr, in respect to the other things, 
I seem to mystHf to he even ashamed (considering) what sort of etc. It is 
usual to esplain the construction of otovs by supposing an ellipsis of Xayir 
C6fi^¥os or ii^fio^fuifos. Would it not be simpler and more natural to 
supply mentally the antecedent of olovs, namely roio{rrois Mp^ots^ or 
dir^p roto^my Mp^uy (for this construction see Plat. Crito 45. c.)? 
Thus : / seem to myself to he even ashamed on account of (or, in hehaif of) 

such men as you shall know those who are in our country (to be). ii/uy is 

the ethical dat. ; i. e. the dat. of the person who experiences joy or sorrow 

in view of the fact which is stated. Gr. § 284, (10). (d.) iuf^pwy. 

Observe how marked a distinction is made between this word and kyOp^ 
irovs in the last sentence. — .^ rots dtKoi i'nKioer6y, an chject of envy to those 

at home. rh irop* ifui K.r.K, to choose the things with me in preference 

to those at home, rmv oXkoi from the nom. r& oXkoi ; ro7s dtKoi (just above) 
is masc. firom the nom. ol dtKoi. 

§ 5. ical ii4\v. In a similar connection in English, one would say, yes, 

hut ; certainly, hutfeee ical /u^y in L. & S., in the alphabetic order. 

8i& rh iy roto^tf K.r.A., lit. on account of being at such a point of danger 
approaching ; i e. on account of being on the eve of danger so imminent ; 

Kiyi^ov limits routing. Uy . . .ri,but if any thing shall have happened 

fortunatdy. r\ refers indefinitely to the undertaking of Cyrus. /uc/u- 

yrjirOeu, perf. in f6rm but pres. in meaning ; cf. Lat. memini. Here the 
pres. is used instead of the fut. to denote the certainty of the future action. 

C£ 7, 6, 88. dym 94^ sc. \4yovffty. fAt/iy^o, Gr. § 164, 8. 

fio6XotOf sc iiwolhvyM, 

§ 6. h\Xd is often used by Xen. at the beginmng of a speech made in 
reply to something going before. — $im . . . irphs . . . /i^xpt : a verb 
of rest with a construction implying motion : cf. tUrly 1, 2, 7 ; reaches 
southward to the region where etc ■ 5i^ x^'M^'^ ^* ^^ 9^yayrcu olneTy 
Mpssiroi, — ro^»y, these limits ; dependent on /^^cry. Cf. 3, 4, 20.—— 
r^ . . . xdyra seems here to be the direct object of crarpaw^ioviny ; but as 
this verb regularly governs the gen., perhaps wdyra should be considered 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

260 NOTES. 

a remote ol^jeot^ aectu. qflimUaUon, and thft yerb ahotild be understood at 
used absolutely. Gf. rh itiafra 2, 1, 1. 

§ 7. In the idea of ^cTr, Cyras would very naturally Include thorn 
whom he was addressings ae well as himself; but by ^/tos before Sc? he 
must mean himself alone. The plural instead of the singular both of the 
first and second persons is abnost as conmion in Greek as in English ; and 
the changes from one number to the other are remarkably abrupt in Greek. 

Observe here the sudden change from 17/tas to Zi^uta, ix^> '^- ^^'^ 

TO)v, theie domains (above mentioned). For the goyemment of roinmv by 

iyKpareiSf see Gr. § 276, 1. ^atc followed by the indie, denotes a 

consequence or result, as something actual, and if made negative takes 
ou ;' followed by the infin., it denotes a consequence or result merely as a 
thing supposed, and if- made negative, takes /xi^. — ~ H^uca, ^^, like 
the Latin vereor ne, Gr. § 818, Rem. 6. - Kcd ari^wfov xp^'^^^f ^ 
golden crown aUo ; i. e. in addition to all tiiat had been promised before. 
A golden crown even among the r^ublican Greeks was often given as a 
reward for distinguished services. 

§ 8. oi tk ravra iuco^ayruy and those who had hea/rd these things ; not^ 
and they having heard these things, — — ^{^yycAXoy, sc. ravra, — ;— 0% re 
ffrpartiyoL These words seem to be an interpolation, inasmuch as the 
generals are mentioned in § 2, as being present with Cyrus ; and it would 
seem unnatural that they should repair to him again, after promises «o 

flattering. <r^iirw distinguished from kauroTs^ Gr. § 802, B«n..8. 

6 5^... r^v yvdiyiiflff and he, having satisfied the mind of aU, In such a 

connection, the Greek could say either r^y yv^firip, or rhs fv^yuaa. 

iLTiwefiTCf sc. &wayras» 

§ 9. /i^ fjLdx€(r0ah not to fight, L e. not to engage personally in the bat- 
tle. kaxn&v : dependent on Ifmof cy. Gr. § 278, 8. (b). &U iiwi» 

somehow as follows, — ^pcro, referred to ipwrdu^ as a pres. tense cor- 
req)onding in sense. Otet, 2d pers. sing, of ofo/iiu ; always used by tha 
Attic writers instead of 0% ; so also fio^\€i and 6t^ei iiom fio^Koftm and 

t^oiMi, Gr. § 116, 11. ifths 8i &5€A.^<{j, being without tiie article, 

is indefinite : a brother of mine ; & ifihs &56X^5 would mean mg brother: 
94 in this clause stands without fidy in the preceding clause ; so regularly, 
when two kindred qualities or designations are predicated of one person. 

Cf. <l>vyiis 24fu«$, wt^hs 8i K^fxp, 1, 7, 5. ravra, these things, L e. 

this power, this kingdom. 

§ 10. iunrls by meton. for those who carried the iunels ; i. e. ^Arroi, 
heavg-armed men. By comparing the numbers here given with those in 
1, 2, 9 and 1, 4, 8, deducting the nimiber lost 1, 2, 25., it will appear 
that the heavy-armed were considerably diminished and the taigeteera 
increased. Some of the heavy-armed men may in the mean time have 


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BOOK I. CHAP vn. 261 

been equipped as targeteera ; some from siekness, or other caiues, may 
have been withdrawn. — — rh ^Kotriy for the use of the article wi& nume- 
rals, see Gr. § 246, 9. 

§ 11. ^Kwrhy iced ctkocri /wpdHts : probably an exaggeration. Plut 
Artaz. 13. represents Ctesias (who was present with Artaxerxes as his 
physician), as saying that the number present in the battle amounted to 
only forty myriads. — iiKKoi ih ^tray^ and there were others ; or as we 
should say, aad there were besides, Cf. (SXAoi 1, 8, 9. — — irpb avrov ficun- 
A.eo»9, va front qfthe king himself; the article is wanting before fituri\4uSf 
because it has the force of a proper noun. Gr. § 244, 7. 

§ 12. iced erparriyoi iced riy€fUy€s* KrQger following Weiske questions 
whether these words belong to the text ; yet they are retained by other 

editors. fivpidiUcfy tKoaros^ so. jS/)xa»y. rtis fidxnii dependent on 

ior4pfilC€. Gr. § 275, 1. iifUpas; the dat. would be more nsual, 

g£. 1, 2, 26. Why Abrocamas, who is said (1, 4, 18.) to have been 

before Cyrus, was too late for the engagement does not appear from the 
narrative. It is not improbable that he intentionally loitered, till the am- 
test between the two candidates for the throne was decided. 

§ 13. iK c. gen. out of, out from among; wapd c. gen./rom iJie side of, 
from the presence of (in Attic prose with the name of a person) ; &ir^ c 

gen. from (in a general sense ; usually with the name of a thing). 

T&y wo\€fjLlwy (the second) dependent on the antecedent of oT: those of the 

enemy who etc. raind^ the same things ; observe how this word di&rs 

in form from ravra just above. 

§ 14. ry ffTpart^fjMTif dat. of accompaniment. Gr. § 285, Rem. 2. 
Sometimes, though less frequently, ciy is expressed with the dat. in this 
sense. Cf. 1, 7. 1. — hpvKrii, artificial (in opposition to the idea that it 
was produced by any natural canse). The fact of his meeting with this 
ditch indicated to Cyrus that the forces of the king were near and pre- 
pared for battle. Hence the force of yap after /card. opyvud. The 

more nsual construction would be the gen. limiting rdxppos ; cL araBl»y 
1, 4, 11 ; v\4$pov 1, 4, 9 and 1, 4, 4 ; also just below § 16, iroSay limit- 
ing irdpo^os* Here 6pyvial is grammatically in apposition with rdxppos, 
Cf. 3, 4, 7; 4,8,16. 

§ 15. ^t(, denoting extension over, Gr. § 296. 111. (b). One might 

rather expect the accus. withont a prep. here. M^XP' rod fHirfiias 

Tfixovs, as far as to the wall 6f Media, This was built by one of the last 
Babylonian kings (before Babylon fell into the hands of the Persians), as 
a defence to the open conntiy against the Medes ; who after the fall of the 
Assyrian empire had possession of the upper Tigris. It extended entirely 
across from the Euphrates to the Tigris. It is still at the present day in 
some places from fifty to sixty feet wide, and from thirty to forty feet in 


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262 KOTES. 

height It is called by the Arabs, Sidd-Nimr^d, L e. Kimrod*s wall Thu 
part nearest to the Euphrates was probably dilapidated in the time of Xen^ 
and not seen from the line of march ; so that the distance, twelve jxtrct- 
tangs, was something which was merely reported to him ; the use of /u^« 
is at all eyents geographically inaccurate. The sentence included in 
brackets is evidently an inteipolation, as was first shown by KenneL It 
is the gloss of some person who had an Indistinct idea of the four great 
canals which lower down the river, flow from, the Euphrates into the Tigris 
(not, as here stated, in the opposite direction) ; and who confounded these 
canals with the ditch mentioned by Xenophon. Such in substance is the 
note of Kiepert On the other hand Grote in a note on chap. 70, remarkfl^ 
'* subsequent observations, recentiy made known by Colonel Bawlinson to 
the Geographical Society, have contradicted the views of Dr. Ross," (the 
same with those of Kiepert,) " and have shown that the wall of Media, in the 

line here assigned to it, has no evidence to rest upon." <* As our 

knowledge now stands, there is not a single point mentioned by Xen. in 
Babylonia which can be positively verified except Babylon itself, — and 
Pylae, which is known pretty nearly as the spot where Babylonia proper 
commences." For a more full discussion of the subject, see Grote, ch. 70. 

•: 8ia\c(irovo'i . . . xapaurdyYip'y and are a pao'asang apart / liccCon;, in 

apposition with the subject of dtd^cfTovo-i. 

§ 16. iripdios ar^rfi. The completion of the ditch through this re- 
maining space of twenty feet, was doubtiess postponed by the king till the 
last moment, in order that the trade on the N. E. bank of the river might 
not be stopped before necessity required. That it was not already com- 
pleted before the arrival of the army indicates that Cyrus had surprised 

the king by his rapid march. iroict, historic pres. ; the Eng. idiom 

requires here the pluperf. Cf. 3, 4, 12. — TrpoireKadvovra, particip. after 
a verbum setOiendi. Gr. § 810. 4. (a). 

§ 17. irapfjXdt Kol iyiuorro : observe the sudden change in number. 
C£ iy4y€T0 Koi i<nefivri<ray 4, 2, 22 ; ylyyetrBcu with local adverbs or pre- 
positions (iy, is, Kurd, ivl, {fir4p) is often translated to come, /t^y, the 

correlative of ^4 § 20. imox^pohyrtov agrees with XtrKtov koX hfBpdnnty, 

ijo-w, cf. 1,2, 23. 

§ 18. rby 'AfifipoKi^^v, the Amhraciot, Ambracia was a city in Epi- 
rus ; it is now called Arta. — - 0ti . • . Tp6T€poy, because on the eleventh 
day before (reckoning back)/rom that day, tri before fiaffiKeis intro- 
duces the orutio recta. Cf. note on Sri 1, 6, 7. ^4Ka iffiep&y, tntkm 

Un days. See Crr. § 273, 4. (b). Iri, after that^ at all, ol ftaxci- 

rau A conditional clause always requires the neg. /lii ; hence ErOger 
reads cl fi^ k.t,K,, omitting od before fjMxetrtu ; but the reading in the 
text seems to be genuine, — and oi fAaxcTnu, as a repetition of the words 


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of the soothBayer, seems natural and forcible. We must understand ob^ 
not as qualifying the whole conditional clause, but fiax^^rai alone. See 

Gr. § 318, Rem. 1. ihtf 9* iXijM<rpj, conditional fot peif. Cf. note 

1, 4, 15. — ^ ttl 8. 7ifi*f the ten days, i. e. those above mentioned. 

§ 19. iacvypoaKivou rov fidx't had abandoned the idea of fighJdng, Fot 
the gOYcmment of rod fidx^^rOaif see Gr. § 271. 2. 

§ 20. rh wo\^^ cf. note on 1, 4, 13. airrf, Gr. § 284. (10). 

iufar(rapayfi4yoyy without military order ; firam itMarapdrru, — — tm 
arparUhaiSt dependent on liyorro as dat. commodi Gr. § 284, Rem. 4. 

CHAP. vm. 

Battle of Gunaza and death of Cyrus. 

§ 1. Kal ffSii re ... iced .. . And already not only , , , but . . , See 

Gr. § 321, 1. (a). itfupl hyop^w tA^O. : about (the tune of) full mar- 

ket f i. e. from 10 A. M. to 12 M. 6 <rTa0fi6sf here used in the strict 

sense, the station, the place where they were to halt, Kcn-dkUw^ to put an 

end to (the march), to halt, Cf. 1, 10, 19. ray vurrwyy depends, as is 

often the case with the gen., directly on the proper name, without the 

expression of rU: cf. r&y ii/jupii ic.t.\., 1, 2, 3. &yh Kpdros^ at full 

speedy /lerh trdtrns <nrov9ris, Suid. ry t»iry, see Gr. § 286, Rem. 2. 

ip6a, from fiodu, 8ti, here again not to be translated, siuce it is 

followed by the oratio recta, ahy ry ffrpartifiariy ct 1, 7, 1. &s 

cIj, as if for, apparently for, Cf. 1, 8, 23. 

§ 2. aurlKa qualifies iwnrfO'eia'Oau i96Kovy at "EXXriy^s Koi triyTtt 

8^, the Greelcs and also all imoffined ; 94 we translate and ; nai, also, Cf. 

8^ Kaiy 1, 2, 2 and 7, and 8, and 9. iiriireo'turdu, sc. fiaffi\4a, that the 

king would fall upfh them etc. The battle, about to be described, was 

fought in the autumn of 401, B. C, not far from the village of Cunaxa 
(as we learn from Pint Artax. 8.) ; and hence it is called in history the 
battle of Cunaxa. According to 2, 2, 6., this place was three hundred 
and s^ty stadia (about fifty miles) from BabyloiL Plutarch, however, 
in the passage above referred to, says it was five hundred stadia Irom 
Babylon. ^ 

§ 3. Kvp6s re . . . ro7s re. These clauses are connected and made 

correlative by t4, iy4liu (from iy9^<o)put on. ri ira\rd, cf. note 

1, 6, 16. i^owMCetreai, to equip themselves fully. It appears from 1, 

7^ 20. that a portion of the heavy armor which was necessary for a full 
equipment had been laid on tlie wagons and beasts of burden. — — * cjco- 
ffrovf sulject of KoSiffroffBau 


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§ 4. T^ J€|i^ Tov K4paros Ix^^t occupying the right (parts) o/'^Ae t&m^. 
The whole Grecian force constitnted the right wing of the army (see note 
on Ij 7, 1.) ; and of this wing Cleaichns occupied the extreme right. See 

plan of the hattle. ix^fitvos, being next. See L. & S., B* 2. Me- 

ywy 8^ Koi rh ffrpdrcvfia, and Menon and his army. 

§ 6. €ly, to the number of, Gr. § 290, 2. (1.) (b.) iropd, near, Gr. 

§ 297, 111. (c.) iimiffav. For the difference between the 1st and 2d 

aor. of this verb, see Gr. § 173, Rem. 2. 

§ 6. Kvpos 8^ KoL ol imrcis, sc. Hemiffav, which is expressed above § 5. 
It is conjectured also that Karh rh fi4a'oy has been dropped from the text ; 
since we should expect that his position in the army would he mentioned 
here. Cf. § 22 below. ■ avroif they themsehesy i. e^ the men in dis- 
tinction from their horses, which also had defensive armor (§ 7). 

i^iX^y, unarmed ; not ahsolutely bare, hut without helmet. He had on a 
Tidpa, according to Plutarch; who in describing the death of Cyrus 

(Artax. 11.) says &iroir(irr€t 9h rris KfipaXrjs rj ridpa rod Kipov, 

A.^€rai, see Introduction § 6. 

§ 7. In the treatise on horsemanship (De re eq. 12, 8), Xen. says, it is 
necessary to equip the horse also loith frontlet (xpoiirronciBioy), and breastplate 
(vpoartpvlZtoy), and cuisses (irapofiripldM) ; for these at the same time serve 
as cuisses for the rider also. These last words explain the reason why 
the irctpafiriplhay which are mentioned in § 6, are not again mentioned m 
this section. -^— fiaxaipas. , , , *£AXijyMr(£$, Grecian swords. The fxdxoupa 
was slightly curved and used for striking ; the ^i<l>os was straight and 
pointed, and was used like a dagger. 


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BOOK I. CHAP. vin. 265 

§ 8. W . . . KaL See note 1, 8, 1. XP^^V • . • ^m^povy sc. i^imt^ 

and in no considercU^le time afterwards^ ii. ajjpeared etc. — rls after fit\avta 
and also after x^^^^h denotes the indistinctness with which they were 

Been, owing to the distance. — M ToKif reaching afar off. iyyi- 

Tcpoy, like other adverbs of place, is often nsed with tlvai or ylyytoGai as 
an indeclinable adjective. Cf. ir\ri<rloy 1, 8, 1 ; and iyy^epoy 4, 7, 23. 

§ 9. \evKoO<lopaKts> Perhaps these white corselets were of linen. In 
the Cyr. 6, 4, 2., it is said of Abradatas the Assyrian, l/icAA.6 rhv Kivovv 

^^poKo^ ts hrix*i»pios ^Vf iM€ffBai. ix^ficyotf cf. above (§ 4) ix^fit^ 

vos, — y€ppo<l>6poi. The y4ppoy was a rectangular shield, of wicker 

frame and covered with leather. Alyvm-iou As Egypt was not at 

that time nnder the dominion of Persia (2, 1, 14.), it is probable that the 
Egyptians here mentioned were the descendants of those who had received 

a. residence in Asia from the elder Cyms. See Cyr. 7, 1, 45. Karh 

iByriy in separate nations ; this was the Persian custom. Herod. 7, 60 and 

100. 4vop€^€TO agrees with ^Byos^ which iirin apposition with irdyT€S 

oZrot, It cannot well be rendered literally into En^sh. Cf. OZroi &AA01 
ftAAa \4y€iy 2, 1, 15. 

§ 10. apfxarOf sc. hrop^6ero, which had jnst before been expressed. 
8iaAc(iroyra wxy^v^ a considerable space apart, — — — Ik ray . . . &irorcra* 

fi4ya (from ATort/yw), projecting out from etc. elj irXdyioy, in an oblique 

direction. icol . . . fiKSworra, and (others) pointing (lit. looking) towards 

the ground. ^ 9h yy<&fAri ^k, and the plan was. — ^ ws els . . . iXwyrOf 

apparently to drive into etc. iKuyra, fut. act particip. from iXaiyu. The 
fht ixdffw instead of i\& is extremely rare except in later writers. (Grr. 
§ 158, 3.) iK&yra and 9taK6r^oyra are in the accns. absol., with th. ^pe- 
'irarn^pa Hpfiara nnderstood. For the two principal forms of the accns. 
abs. see Gr. § 312, 5 and 6. 

§ 11. cTirfir, 1, 7, 4. To7s "EAXijori belongs in idea both with koA./- 

tras and irapciccA.c^cT(K When two connected verbs take a common object, 
bnt require a different case, the object is expressed but once, and com- 
monly in the case which the nearest verb requires. Exiig. Sprachlehre 
§ 60, 5. —~ atyp &s kywn6yy as silently as possible (not as L. & S. sub 
kywn6y render, cu stillg etc.) ; 0*17$, in silence, opposed to the idea of shout- 
ing and screaming (icpavyy) ; riavxVi qtiietlg, opposed to the idea of noise 
of any kind. 

§ 12. r^ KXtdpxv ^fi^ ^y^^i <^''*^ <'^<^ *<> Clearchus to lead. ip6ay 
as frequently \4ytty and elweiyf contains the idea of ireXc^ciy and hence 

takes the infin., cf. IXeye, 1, 3, 8. nard, against, Gr. § 292. H. (l.)(a.) 

— ^^/lay, for the government, see Gr. § 284. (11.) — r^treTolrrrau The 
perf. expresses the certain^ of the future actioz), by representing it as 
already completed. 



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266 NOTES. 

§ 18. rh fi4ffoy. For the difference between /i4<ros before and /i^os 
after the article, see 6r. § 245, Rem. 5 ; oTiS^s, a body of men m dos6 
array ; 6p&¥ ic.r A., hehdding ike central body in dose array ; L e. r^s 

i^oKLO'Xi^ovs IwTttSy 1, 7, 11 and 1, 8, 24. iucoiwy KipiWf hearinffjrom 

Cyrus ; for the different conBtmctions of iuco6«, see Gr. § 278, Rem. 19. 

1^» 6vTa . . . /SfluriAio, that the king ttxu beyond the left wing ; for the 

accoB. and particip. (instead of the accns. and infin.) after verba aentiendi, 

see Gr. § 810, 4. rdy kaurov^ lit. of (hose ofhimtdf I e, of hi$ cwm 

forces. C£ rohs lavrov, 1, 2, 15. &XX,' and the repetition of 6 KAici^ 

Xos is occasi(med bj the insertion of the explanatory sentence rofrovroif ydp 

ic.r.X. BfjMSf nevertheless ; i. e. althongh Cyms commanded it, nerer- 

iheless Olearchns refused etc — ~ a^^ fi4\oh it would concern him, i. e. he 
would take care, hrwt koK&s tx^h '^ it should be well ; txoi is impers. 

§ 14. SfjM^Sy in an even line, cf. iy tcr^ § 11 above. — ~ h-i iy r^ 

«(n^ fidyoy^ still remaining in ihe same (place). ^k r&y in 'Kpoiri6yrmy^ 

of those still coming up, i. e. from the march. ob vdyv irphSf not very 

close to, — the adv. here qnalii^riiig the preposition ; cfl ws qualifying elf 

§ 1 aboTC. jcorcOcaro . . . iarofi\4rwy, he took a view in each direction 

looking away etc. 

§ 15. Ho^o^y *AOriyaios, Xenqphon an Athenian is here mentioned for 
the first time in the Anabasis ; and, as always hereafter, in the 8d person. 
Cf. Introdnction § 6. ' bx^udiffas (from dxcXcu^iw), having rode up. — ~ 
hrurrfio'at sc. rhy twroy, having halted. It appears from TopeXalnmy just 

above, that he was previously riding along. rh iepd, the omens from 

the entrails of the victims ; rh <r<f>dyia the omens from the motions of the 
victuns. The repetition of jcoXii is emphatic* With Upd and <r<pdyia mi- 
derstand cfij. 

§ 16. Zri is here again followed by the oratio recta, — rh ffiyOryM^ 
the war-cry, as Eruger interprets it ; or, as it is commonly understood, the 
watch-word. From what follows in this connection as well as from Cyr. 3, 
8, 58., it appears that the watchword (jrMtifMt) was first communicated 
along the ranks to the extreme lines and then back again ; and that the 
paean (the battle-song) was then sung. The irMrifia answered a double 
purpose : — ^first, it expressed some sentiment calculated to inspire courage 
before the battle ; and secondly, it was used as a watchw(ad in the engage- 
ment if the different ranks of the same army at any time came in collision 
with one another. — -\Kal Bs, and he, refers only to a pers(m ; and is used 
only in the nom. case ; the corresponding accus. would be ical r6y instead 

of Koi Zy. 6 Uy and he, i. e. Clearchus ; or if instead of d ^ K\4apxos 

clircir just above (the reading which Hertlein adopts from Dindorf ), we 
should read 6 9h Utvo^v ttvey (mih KrCkger and others)^ then of course 
6 B4 before hwticptywro would mean XenophoiL — - Zwbs erwriip koL yUf. 


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BOOK I. OHAP. vm. 267 

Some expression denoting good fortune wonld natoraOy be chosen for a 
wtktckwfyrd. Thus in 6, 5, 25. we have Zcirf trvrfip^ 'HpakK^s irt^iidnr ; in 
PjT. 8, 3, 68. Zfiri trififjMxos iced irr^fi^y ; and in Cyr. 7, 1, 10. Zt^j o-w- 
riip fcol fiyf fuip* 

§ 17. *AAA^ denotes the sndden torn in his thonghts, fi:om the doubt 
which filled his mind when he asked ** what the noise was " in the Grecian 
ranks, to the animation with which he said, ** / both accept it, and letitbe^ 
(thus). With iJJ<d in this place, cf. ixxi 1, 7, 6. Uxofiai is the proper 
expression of one who recognizes a favorable sign and apjHropriates it to 
himself. Cf. Herod. 9. 91 ; cf. also accipio in Latin. Yirg. Aen. 12. 260. 

— toDto, this (i. 1. <rcmjpla Koi vimi). rif ^dkayyfi one might 
expect r& ^d\. as the noun is fem. ; but the fern, form rd occurs onlj a 
few times and that in the poets ; reuy in the gen. and dat is more common 
than rd and found even in prose ; but ro7y for the fem. as well as masc. 

and neut. is much more common than rtuy, i^poiipxot^o, began first 

(l e. irp^ T&y Bapfidpwy^ before the barbarians belonging to the army of 
Cyrus) to go etc. 

§ 18. frop«tfo/i4ywVf gen. abs. sc abr&y, rh hri\€nt6iAmf0Vf the part 

which was left behind, in allusion to i^€K^fuuy€ {projected /orward as a surge 
rises from a great body of water). — — 9p6/A^ d-€<y, to hasten at a running 

pace, oUywtp, in such a manner as, or more simply, as. 'EwdXiOf, 

commojily considered another name of "Apris, — i\€Kl(u and the synon. 
word &\aXd(» are from 4\€\€v and iiXaXd, the actual words which were 

shouted in marching against the enemy, after singing the irady, 

\4yowny cf. § 6 above, and Introduction § 6. — — to7s TwwoiSf the horses 
here spoken of were attached probably to the scythe-bearing chariots 
(§ 10 above), which went in front of the enemy and were intended to break 
the ranks of the Greeks. 

§ 19. i^ucyturBai^ sc. a^&y ; for the mfin. after xply, see Gr. § 337. 9. 

— Karh KpdroSf Ut according to their power, L e. with all their might. CL 
hyh Kpdros 1, 8, 1. 

§ 20. i^ipoyro with the neut. plur. C£ JSo-oy 1, 2, 23. rk fiky » . , 

rik 94, some . . . others, distributive clauses in apposition with r& Apfxara. 

iiyi6x»y dependent on jccyiC Gr. § 271, 3. rrpolZoiey, sc. rh 

ip/jwra. — iari, 9' Zarts, now and then one however (of the Greeks). For 

the analysis of the expression, see Gr. § 331, Bern. 4. iiewXaytls 

(from iierkfimo), having been terrified, and thus losing self-possession.— 
obtk rovToy trafieiy^ not even this one suffered etc. Instead of rovroy, one 
would rather expect ro^ovf. See however ro^ip 8, 3, 18. — oW Itx- 
Xos 54 . . . oNktSf and not even any other etc. ohZl — 8^, in a negative cor^ 
respond to jcol — 94 in an afl&rmative clause. 

§ 21. rh KoB* abro6s, that which vxu cppoted to themseivis, ob9 


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09, nai even Hue; $s in the seoBe of o0r«i is not nncommon after koI, oM^ 
and /iri94 ; observe that it is eaytone in this sense, bnt in eyeiy other sin 

atonic. ^^X^ (from i^dytt), was he mdueed. (rvwetrw^tpoft^rnrt 

(from avffveipdmyf drawn doedy together ; agrees with r^y . . . r&iw. All 
which intervenes between t^v and r&iw is of the nature of an a^ective 

qualifying the nonn ri^w, ^irc/icAc<ro . . . /SoirtXc^}, hA narrowly 

watched what the king would do. By the general role (Gr. § 327*, 1.) we 
shoold expect the optat. This verb is another added to the many exam- 
ples ahready pointed out, of a sudden transitioii fircmi a dependent to the 
form of an independent construction. —^ jf9ci (from o?5a) OAnhv Ztl, Ht. 
he knew him that ; another instance of anticipation. C£ 1, 1, 5 and 1, 6, 5. 
— ^ fUo'oy : one would naturally expect rh /i4cey ; yet fUcoy^ like i€^t6p 
and ^ifAwv/Aoy^ denoting a part of the line of battie, often stands witiu>at 
the article. Cfll, 8, 13 and 1, 8, 23. 

§ 22. r6 shows that a^«y is grammatically connected with fi4^oy ; 
their own centre : ftyovyrau Several editions have iiyovyro ; Hertiein, fol- 
lowing Dindoi^ has the pres. tense. iced . . . kcU, not only . , ,but abo» 

— iy iur^aXeffrdr^t in the eafest (position). — f^y . , , kKor^fwOey, if 
their force may he on hoth sides of them; aSrr&y being dependent on the ady 
<^ place. KrOger reads V ^ ^^' air&y kitwriptoO^ ^, if their own 
strength mag be on both sides. •^— oMdyttrOai rh (rrpdrMVfM dependent on 

§ 23. I{m iyeyerOf lit became without, L e. extended beyond, ix rod 

irriov, from the opposite side. -^^^ avr^ and avrov mean the king; a^ov 
is dependent on $fiwplb<r$€y, and ro7s reTayfi4yots on ifxdxero. 

§ 24. Zetcas fi^i, having feared that ; 8c((ras from Udouca which though 

perl in form, is present in meaning. y€y6fuyo5, sc. fiwrtXe^s. 

icorojc^^, the general rule would require tiie optat here. See note on 
iroi^o-ct § 21 above. — ^ rohs l{aicurxiAiovs, being thrown to the end of 
the sentence, presents the contrast to i^oKOirlots more strikingly. 

§25. els rh 9i^K€ty dpfi-fioayr^Sy having rushed on in the pursuit. —^^ 
(Tx^fi chiefyf oi 6fiorpdv€(oif tdbie companions, called also (1, 9, 81.) 

§ 2Q. Kofiopff he descries, — ovk iiy4axerOf he did not contain himseffi, 
iro/ci, strikes (him), with the spear, according to Ctesias (see Plut Artax. 
11.) ; although the verb iro/tfi does not necessarily imply any thing more 
tiian the use of a missile. See Cyr. 7, 1, 34. Concerning Ctesias, see 
Introduc. § 7. ' Koi . , , ^^i ; an independent added to a relative sen- 
tence ; cC icol . . . 8K . . &T^Sffi|€, added to f s . . . heoln^e, 1, 1, 2. 

§ 27. /xax6/JLeyou One would expect here the gen. abs. The nomin. 
ean however stand, says Hertiein, because the following subject ^dcoi 
oonstitatesaparlQftho8eofwhom/iax<(/Miroii8predi«ated. Cf. ;^<fftevoi 2, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


2, 8. and Kara\tw6in'ts 5, 2, 21. — — Ma-oi ... Knifftas X^i, how many 
etc Ctenof relates, — ^jcc/yy, L e. ry fia^iXu, -^— l/cciyro, like the 
Lat. jacere, toy (dead). 

§ 28. 6 . . . ^tpdwctVy the attendant most devoted to htm 0/(931) his officers. 
• ir^pnrwiivy dependent on xiytrau The preposition (xcpi-) snggests 
that he threw his arms around the body of Cyrus. 

§ 29. K^ptjp dependent on Hi- in composition. — ol 94y sc. ^kutL 

iwurtpd^acBat instead of iwunpd^ai which occurred in the last clause. See 
Gr. § 250. We have here iauT6y as the object of iwur<ftd^aa'0ai. It is 
added both for perspicuity and for emphasis : — he (himself) slew himself; — 
the expression being almost equivalent, says ErOger, to avrhs iaurhy /c.r.A. 

Character of Cyrus. 

§ 1. r&y . . • ytyofi.4y»v, who have lived since the elder Cyrus, — the 
founder <^ the Persian empire; the subject of Xenophon's Cyropaedia. 
What he says here of Cyrus the Younger is the highest possible eulogy. 
*^— Topii, c. gen. in connection with the pass, occurs chiefly with verbs 
of saying or commtinicating. Gr. § 251, Bem. 4. -^~ KOpov 4y witptf 
yeyMcuy to have been in intimate acquaintance with Cyrus. K^pov depends 
on vttptf. Cf. the synonymous expression ifiw^tpws ainov ix^ty, to be inti- 
mately acquainted with him, 2, 6, 1. 

§ 2. iep<lrroy fiiy, a correlative with hr^X 94 § 6. — ^ xdyrwy wdyra, 
of all in aU respects. For a similar paranomasia, see 2, 5, 7. icimy • . . 
viyra . . . irarraxy vdyrwy ; 2, 6, 7. watrraxov wdyrts ; 4, 1, 28. toX- 
Xaxou xoKKov. 

% B. at fioffiXiws ^pai was the common expression for the court of the 
(Persian) kiny. — For the accentuation and meaning of lori, see Gr. 

§ 4. hKo{fovffi connected by koI to ^^Sovrai, behold and hear of; icai 
roht TifA. . . . KflU &WovSf both those who are honored etc., and others etc. 
— ^ €h$bs W€u6€s iyrtSf immediately beiny (yet) boys, i. e. from their boy- 
hood onward, -^~ &PX^^* '^^^ ^^7 l^am through the example of the 

§ 6. ai9riiioy4trr»ros /*iy wp&roy, instead of icpwroy yXy cdBri/A. ; the 
present arrangement gives more prominence to the adjective. -^~ wtiBe- 
a-Ocu with its clause is in the same construction with elycu, to which it is 
connected by W : icai . . . iMKKoy, even more than those who were inferior to 
himself (in rank) ; kaurov governed by the comparative immediately fol- 
lowing. — With ^iXnnr^oTOf supply from the preceding clause Mmi 

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270 NOTES. 

fTycu ; and with xp^trBat, ^Wicci. tlicpiyop is most natoraHy expldned 

by ErOger as impers. ; like \4yov<n and ^a<r(, Gr. § 238, 5. (c.) : men 

judged him to he etc. (In German, man nrtheilte.) r&y . . . Hfrywp 

depends on <l>i\ofia84<rTarow cIvm in the same way as the gen. on verbs 
denoting a state or affection of the mind. Gr. § 274, 1 ; in respect to the 
ixctions etc., to be most fond of learning etc. -^— ro^iicris and ixoyriaeus are 
m apposition with tpyw. 

§ 6. hrt^fpofi4rnyi attaching (him). — ovfitrta^y (from avfiwivrof), 

laving ^ppUd with Q£y, rh fikw throBtv, he suffered some things. The 

strict antithesis to this would be r^ 8* iwoifjctyf bui he achieved other things / 
and such a clause would be followed by a specification of what he did. 
rhe actual construction is briefer ; instead of rk 9^ ic.r.A., we have rdXos 

64f butJineUlg ; and then the statement of what he did. jcor^icaye from 

Karotcaiyw = Koroicredw. — woXXois fJuuca(>urT6y, most happy in the view 
of many. For the construction of this dat, see Gr. § 284, (10). 

§ 7. hrA 5^ Kar€x4/ji^ ; in the year 407, B. C. *pvyta ^ fieydKijf 

so called to distinguish it from *pvyla ^ wop* *£A\^0VOKroy. The chief 

city of the former was Celaenae. See map. iced xdm-uv, of all also ; 

not only of the forces of his own satrapy, but of all also who etc ots 

KoB^Kci, on whom it is incumbent, L e. who are required* els Kaar, jpc- 

Zlov, The plain of Castolus seems to have been the rendezvous of the 
military forces from the greater part of western Asia Minor. Such places 

were appointed throughout the Persian empire. Gf. Oecon. 4. 6. fi^, 

after irp&row, is a correlative of 94 after ^aytpSs, § 11 below. mpH 

wKttffrovt of the greatest importance. Gr. § 296, 3, 1. (d). el . . . <ruK- 

BoirOj if he made peace with any one, and if he made a treaty with any one, 
(nr4yliofuu, says Kriiger, implies previous hostility, avyrtOcfuu suggests no 
such collateral notion. Observe the difference in form between the dat. 

of t\s which we have in this dause, and the dat. of the article. ftrfih^ 

^€^8c(r9ai depends on irounro, 

§ 8. Koi yitp ody, and (there was proof of this) for on this account, etc 
These words are used to connect sentences (jcoQ, which express a fixed 

fact (o3y), as a proof (ydp) of that which goes before. at &t>9p€s, sc 

hnrpeir6/ityoi : not Only the cities, but the (individual) men etc. *«^ 

contrary to. Gr. § 297, 111, (1.) (b.) ftr woBtiy (fut in meaning), 

that he would suffer. See Gr. § 260, Rem. 10. 

§ 9. roiyapovy has the same force as Kcd yiip ody with the exception 
that Toi is intensive and koI connective. -~— vwrai al v6\€ts, all the cities, 

i. e. in Ionia ; cf. 1, 1, 6. iani, instead of, Gr. § 287, 1. (2.) (b.) 

rohs ^tvyorreis xpo4a$ai, to abandon the exiles. Cf. 1, 1, 7 and 1, 2, 2. 
vpo4cr6ai from xpoirifu. The exiles whom Cyrus had received were 
the political enemies of the dominant party in Miletus, and hence the 

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BOOK I. CHAP. IX. 271 

ground of their fear. Probably the exiles belonged to the aristocratio 

§ 10. Kcd before ydp is a correlatiye of Ktd before IXcytr, — not only, but 

fdto. 8rt • . • wpooirOf that he woudd never dtandon (any), sc. rivis, or 

better perhaps tij^ (cC tU . . . v^oln, 1, 4, 8.) — &ro|, onct for all, 

^< fiftovs, sHll fewer, — — Iri . . . irp<i(ciay, ami ehotUd be stUl lees 

/'ortu$uUe ; KOKm wpdrreiy, % be mtforUmate ; eZ or ica\«f wpdrrety, to be 
/brtunate ; icoiewi voitiy, to do harm (to some one) ; c$ or icaXSis wotetv, to 
do good (to some one) ; so also kyaB6v, ex icax6y with woiuy rwa, to do good, 
or, ill to any one; cf. § 11. 

§ 11. ^avefibs V ^p , , . yucay vttp^fieyos, lit. he vxupUan atten^plmg to 
eurpcM (him) ; i. e. tSf vhu pkan that he etc. Cf. note on HtfXos ^r, 1, 2. 11. 

For the two accnsatives with iro<^<rcicy, see Gr. § 280, 2. c^xV 

ainrou, apraiyer of his, indefinite ; r^y ^jch^ abroO would be rendered hit 
prayer ; &s c(fxo*ro, that he preyed etc, — l<rrc yuc<fij . . • h\e^6fieyos, 
wUil, in requiting, he should turpass etc. This was a common sentiment 
among the Greeks, cf. Isocra. 1. 26, How different and how mnch better 
is the Christian principle 1 ^^»>. U*j» C/^ j - . '/ ^^ /) 5^«,j k i A # 

§ 12. TXci<rroi S^. The superlative is often strengthened by bij, C£ 1, 

9, 18 and 20. See Gr. § 815, 2. abrf kyi ye hvbpl, lit. to him one man 

at least. The English idiom requires some change of construction in ren- 
dering ; e. g. Afar greater number desired , , ,to him than to any other one 

man, r&y i^*' ^fUtfv, of those contemporary toith us, limits Iw yt iu^pi ; 

for M c. gen., see Gr. § 296, (2). wpo4ir0at, (to give up, to surrender,") 

is here used in a connection somewhat different firom that in § 9 above. 

§ 13. ob fih bii ob94, lit. not indeed not even, or more simply and in an 
Eng. idiom, nor indeed, fi4y in this clause is considered synonymous with 
fiiiv ; so also in the phrases iiWb. fih b^, kcA fi^y bii, ob it\y, 94, c£ 2, 2, 8 ; 

8, 2, 14. cTa fiom idn, KaxorfihMV ; some supply ahrov, L e. 

Kbpov ; others, r&y y^pMy ; but it seems more natural and forcible to con- 
sider it as absolute. See L. & S. artpofi^yovs, deprived of, with a perf. 

signification, see Gr. § 161, 21. iydyero, it happened, nearly = i^rfy, 

it was permitted, ^x®*^' • • • ^9^X^P^^% having whatever might be con^ 

vement, sc to him to have ; tx^^ "^^ vpoxapotij is suggested by ^x'^yri. 
Schneider's interpretation, which is followed by ErOger, seems too forced 
and is consequentiy not given here. 

§ 14. robs ye iiivroi byaBobs, but those at least who were good f iiiyroi 
is here as usual intensive and slightiy adversative ; that which follows 
being opposed to the idea of severity contained in the preceding section. 

tie w6\€fjLoy, for war, Gr. § 290, 2. (3.) (a.) wpwroy fi4y belongs in 

meaning to fkpxoyras hroUi, as though the intervening clause were in a 
dependent construction, iroX^juoo abrf Hyros, Clauses logically subor- 


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272 NOTES. 

dinate are not imfreqnentlj made oodrdinate. Cf. 8, 1, 26 ; 8, 2, 4. -— - 

jced aMsj ktmself also, not merely Iub SLrmj. Ic6pa (from dpdot), see 

Gr. § 167, 4. Koi before &f>x<"^^ * correlative of Koi before &^\];. 

?y icar. x^P^y ^^''^ '''^^ x^P^ ^Y **''• • cf* ?* ^^X^** X^P^i h ^» 1^ > 

and the note on S<ro¥ ^v eurf trrpdrevfia 1, 2, 1. 

§ 15. &ar€ <l>a(yta$at . . . i^iovy, so that he appeared to think it proper^ 
etc. ^— Kvpov alffO-, more ezpresslYe than aurhv ai<rdii<r€<rdou. 

§ 16. tls, in respect to ; cf. 2, 6, 30. y4, thus united with fi^i^, 

presents with more point and emphasis than 8c a transition to another and 

important thought. Cf. § 20 below. iirili€lKyv<r0at, (mid.) to exhibit 

himself, to he conspicuous, — w€pl vayr6s, all-important ; cf. T6/>1 vXei-' 

arov, § 7 above. roinovs referring to t2s ; cf. 1, 4, 8. avroi^s. 

in rov hZinov, hy unjust means, unjustly ; c£ c/t rov HikoIov, § 19. 

§ 17^ &?i\a re ToAAii . . . koI, not only many other things . . ,but espe^ 
daily ; when r4 . . . koI are correlative, the second member is joined em- 
phatically to the first Cf. Lat. quum — tum, Gr. § 321, 1. (c)— ^ 
iiKolus avr^ Jicx — «?«*« accomplished for him justly ; ain^, for him, not 
as dat. of agent hy him ; Bucaiws is predicated of the just actions, not of 
Cyrus, but of those who served him. — — > itKri$iv^, true, genuine, in opposi- 
tion to the idea of spurious or counterfeit ; it\rjd^s, true, in opposition to 

the idea false or untrue. iw\€v<ray. Xen. evidentiy has in mind the 

Grecian soldiers particularly. etuai ; for the difference between the 

infin. and particip. after yiyv^ffK», see Gr. § 311, 4. jcewi M^ya» 

monthly, payment being made by the month ; cf. 1, 3, 21. 

§ 18. kKXh. fffiy, but further, used to denote a transition to some new 

topic. kxipiffrov^ without thanks, i e. unrequited, qualifies xpodv/day, 

-^— Kpdrurrot J^, see note on irXeTtfTot J^, § 12 above. There were said 
to arise to Cyrus the very best supporters (servants) in every enterprise, 

§ 19. cl $€ riva . . . iiKolov, and if he saw that any one was skilful as a 
manager on the principles of justice ; d€iv6y, able, skilful ; ix rod SucaioVf 
cf. 4k rov iSUov, § 16 above. -^~ jca/ . . . re . . . Koi, and not only . . . 

but also. ?j fyx"**^ X^P^ = T^F x^P^i ?* '^X®*' ^ i^elXero 

denotes repetition or habit. Gr. § 260, (2), (/3.) : hi would never take 
(any thing) away from any one. Herdein supplies in this clause aitrfip, 
i. e. riiv x^P*"' » ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ natural in connection with the next 
clause. — irXe/w, ace. plur. neuter. — 4ir4'waro (irdofuu), a poetic 
word, but used several times by Xen. 

§ 20. 4>l\ovs is not perhaps the object of ^tpawtiety, as it stands with- 
out the article, but is rather to be considered a part of the relative clause 
with ZcrovSf and instead of having its regular position after wotfia-airo, 
stands first for the sake of emphasis. — - y^ fvfiy, cf. note § 16. ^^- S, n 
• . • mrtpyd^wBaif in that which he might perchance desire to accomplish. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 


For rvyxdiw with the pardcip., see Gr. § 310, 4. G*)*"*^'/^' ^^ ^^ 
gen., after pass, verbs, is unnsoal in Attic prose. 

§ 21. Ktd ykp « . . Ixoc* The simplest construction of this clause is as 
follows : — For (it was) this very things on account of which he thought he 
needed friends, that he might have helpers ; others construe thus, ahrh rovro 
&s Ix®* ov¥€pyohs (ro^ov) oZr^p &cica ainhs fero Sciofoi ^iXtov, (It was) 

for this (puipose) that etc. icol. ainhs hr^iparo «c.r.\. ; thus he set an 

example o£ what he thought a friend should be. ro^rov depends on 

avy€py6s, Brov on hnBvyMvvra. For the accus. and particip. instead of 
the accus. and infia, see Gr. § 310, 4. (a.) 

§ 22. etf 7c tiv iarfip limits the superlative irXcMrra, lit. he being one man 
at least received etc., i. e. in an £ng. idiom, he received more gifts than any 
other one man ; cf. ivi 7c iu^Bpl r&v i^* iifmvy limiting TXeTdrrot § 12 above. 
■ wAyrwy 5^ limits the subject of 5i€$($ov, he of all men etc. ; for the 

force of J<, see note on irKeiarroi 8^ § 12 above. SteSfSov, used to give 

apart (8ia-), L e. used to distribute. koH (sc. vkvk&v) &rovj and taking 

into consideration that which etc. To correspond with 'Kpits rohs rpSrovs 
iKdarov, one might expect xp6s r^v M^uw iKdarov, having regard for the 
habits and the waTits of each one. 

§ 23. &s €isf intended for, cf. 1, 8, 23. Ka\Kmrurfi6v, personal 

adorning in distinction from the implements of warfare. \4y€at avrhy 

t^affav, they (the persons fh)m whom Xen. obtained his information ; cf. 

2, 1, 14 ; 2, 6, 10.) affirmed that he used to say. <pl\ovs Ka\&s /ccico- 

a-ftrifieyovs, sc. elveu^ that friends well adorned were etc. ; cf. yofi((ct ifias 
ifuli elvM K.T.\.f 1, 3, 6. 

§ 24. r6 belongs to the whole member of the sentence ending with 

voiovrra, the whole being the subject of itrri understood. ri fLeyd^Uf 

adverbial, greatly. ravra is plural because two ideas precede : — the 

fact that he surpassed his friends in care (for them), and (the fact that he 
surpassed them) in the desire to confer favors, these things etc. 

§ 25. Observe the difference in this section between ^w€fiT€ and 

Irc/tif^e. \4ytcy, saying, not in person, but by means of his servant 

who conveyed the present of wine. Cf. l^\ey€, 1, 3, 8. ro6rov ifiioviy 

more delicious than this (wine). Ivc/Aif'c, observe here the transition 

from the oraUo dbliqua to the oratio recta. iieintiy from iinrlyu. 

chv oXs = (rhv roinoiSi otis. See Gr. § 332, €L and the ex. wphs oTs iicrit* 
arayro, PL Gorg. 619. a. 

§ 26. &pray iifilo'ta, lit. halves of loaves of bread, i. e. half loaves of 

bread. For the government of Uprwy, see Gr. § 264, Rem. 6. b. ^1- 

in comp. with \4y€iy signifies, in addition, besides, i. e. besides carrying the 

present Observe the accentuation of W, Gr. § 35, Bem. 2. (b.) 

roWvy^ for the government, see Gr. § 273, 5. (c.) 



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274 NOTES. 

§ 27. itdyu is here plaoed after ihe a^jeotiye which it qaalifies. Th!f 
imiisaal position increases its force ; cC Urxypmf 1, 2, 21 and 1, 7, 15.-— « 
ainbs • • . hriiiiKtuuf is parenthetical and hence the verb (fi^byaro) is indie 

instead of optat iced 5i^ r^v hrifidXttayt and on account of their care 

(for him as prince). — ^— &s fi^ vciwrrcf , sc ol tmroi. -^^ 6ywriy instead 
of iyotWf another instance of transition to the oratio recta. 

§ 28. *LXkfiy»p and fiapfidp^y, depend on o^/ro. 

§ 29. wapit /i4y ; we should expect here waph ii\y ydp, as introducing 
after r^Kft^ptoy a statement of the proof; other instances however like this 

occur. — MXov 6yros, being a subject f cf 2, 5, 38 ; 3, 1, 17. o5to5, 

i. e. Orontes. Sr, relating to tt:bT6yi i.'e. the faithful servant to whom 

Orontes had entrusted the letter to the king ; cC 1, 6, 8 ; By being placed 
before its antecedent is made far more prominent in the sentence ; cf oUs — 
aXn-oiSf 6, 4, 9. — iced otroi fi4yrotf and these indeed; ol . , . kyvae6yL€yoi 

in apposition with oSroi, and in the same construction with iroAAo/. 

&r rvyx^u^t they would obtain etc., dependent on yofilioyr€s» 

§ 80. rh , . , ainf yfy6fi.€yoyf that which happened to him (fiyni) etc. ; 
li^fa TfKft'fiptoy (^lO trt ic.r.A., wcu a striking proof that etc. 

§ 81. vap* ain6yf near him, on his side. — ica2 rh orp. ; not simply 
alone but having also all the airmy which etc. Cf. iced robs ^pdwoyrca 
wdyras ^X*"'> ^i ^» ^* 


Movements of both armies immediately after the death ci Cyrus, at the 
close of the battle. The Persians, after plundering the camp of Cyras, 
having advanced against the Greeks, retreat precipitately. 

§ 1. Ki^pov . . . x^^p ^ ^^i^ ' Plutarch (Artaz. 13) says this was done 

icctT^ 94 rtya y6fioy nepc&y. Cf. 8, 1, 17. dtt&Kow cunr/xrci agrees with 

the principal subject, as Xaftfidyei in § 2 below. ot /i4y. To this cor- 
responds that which in substance is contained in § 8, ol 9^ "EWrjyts — 
hvriTax94yTes. — §ts rby <rraJdiUy : cf. 2, 1, 3 ; the station where they 
had last encamped. orparowdSov, the place where the attendants of the 
army remained during the battie. 

§ 2. *vKal!6a ; ftom Phocaea in Ionia according to Athenaeus, 18. 576., 
irp^€poy Mt\ri» Ka\ovfi4yriy, *Axnewriay fivroyofuurOriyaL 

§ 8. yv/Ay6s, like nudtts, often means without the outer garment, dad only 

with the x^Tciy; cf. 4, 4, 12. wphs r&y 'EW'fiy^y ol: vpbs governs 

the omitted antecedent oi ot which would be ro^rovs : to those of the Greeks 
who etc. The omission of the antecedent in similar cases is extremely 
'■'*• — "" ol ih Koi ain&y, and some (fthem, i. e. the Greeks who had 


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BOOK I. OHAP. X. 275 


anns in their cunp. -»— rairnr s r^y MiAi|<riaF. — (i\^M iv6fra, the 
more common order would be ^6<ra &AAa. — irrhs oinStv . . . ^yiporro^ 
came within their reach. The repetition of Ko'ofa'ay seems here to be 

emphatic, although similar repetitions occur where no special emphasis 
seems to be intended. Of. ityafiaiyut hy4fifif 1, 1, 2 ; liyytKXoy repeated, 1, 
7, 13 ; k'wrxj&p^h 4»€x«S/>i?<ray, 3, 4, 16 ; Jc? repeated, 3, 4, 86. 

§ 4. ol "EXXijves here denotes the main armj of the Greeks ; not the 

8:;me that were mentioned in the last section. ol fi4v here refers to ol 

"EWrjif^s* In like manner 6 lUv not nnfireqnently refers to the nearer, and 
6 5^ to the more remote object. icaXt a&ro^Sy opposite to themtdves ; c£ 

1, 8, 21. ol 94 instead of 6 94 because Xen. has in mind not merely 

fiaartXt^s, but also ol chv ain^. In a similar way, ainoh § 7, and 6rras 

§ 10 below. &s 1i9ri irdtn-tSf as if already all, L e. all the Persians, 

even those who were opposed to the Greeks and were already routed. 

§ 6. cfi} and yucf^y, oratio Miqua, Observe the force of the imperf. 

optat. (yuc^ty, were conquering), as distinguished firom the aor. optat. 

cIj t^ wp6<r$eyj forwards, — dtxayrw., lit. have gone ; pres. in form, perf. 
in meaning. One might expect the optat. to correspond with yue^w. For 
a similar change, cf. rp4}^oyT€u and ^x^tev, 3, 6, 13 ; W/iirci and ^yoiro, 

2, 1, 2 ; T4$yriK€y and ttri, 2, 1, 3. M tJ^ arp, itfyfi^oyres, to the camp 

to render assistance, 

§ 6. Koi fiaartXtis, the king also ; as the Greeks had purposed to attack 

him, so the king also was now coming to make an attack on them. &s 

i96K€i must be connected in idea simply with liiri<r$€y, — (rrpa/^4yT€s, 
having faced <ibout ; <rwrrpa/p4yr€s (the reading of some editions) would 

signify, having brought their ranks together, &s raWp wpotrUyros, sc. 

fiatn\4us t — koI connects here a particip. in the gen. with a particip. in 
the nominative. Not un&equently koI and 94 and the corresponding nega- 
tive connectives unite a gen. abs» with some other case of a particip. ; 
cf. 6, 6, 32 ; 7, 1, 27. In 2, 4, 22, the case abs. is connected to a governed 

case* 5 9^ «c.r.X., (see 1, 8, 23.) but where he passed along eta -— 

KoX robs , , . abrofioK'fia'apraSf and those who (being) over against the Greeks 
had deserted in the battle ; cfl 2, 1, 6. 

§ 7. 9l^^^xur«, marched through, Tissaphemes being on the left wing 
of the Persians (1, 8, 9.) would be opposed to the right wing of the army 
of Cyrus. Here Clearchus was posted (1, 8, 4.) ; and on his right, the 
Grecian targeteer force (1, 8, 6.), which skilfully gave way so as to allow 
Tissaphemes to pass along between themselves and the river. Cf. 2, 3, 19. 
»— "EAAijyos, here used adjectively; cf. Spfxas and Kprrras, 1,2,9. 

The names of nations with nouns denoting persons are often thus used. 

KaT4Kay9 from Kwraxaiyv sb Koraitreiyu, — ^ alnoh ss Tura'a/p4pyrjy Koi 
Toh$ ehy tdrrf, CL note on ol 94 % 4 above. -^— 'A/i^tiroX/n}s, ftom 

Digitized by LaOO^lC 

276 NotBs. 

Amphipolis, a city in Thrace on the Strymon. — — ^yifios ytyda^eu^ fe 
have been prudent and slcUfvlj inasmuch as he contrived to avoid the over- 
vrhelming force of the enemy, receiving no harm from them, bnt inflicting 
considerable damage. 

§ 8. is . . . hiniKKJkyHi after he withdrew being worsted, fiuoy tx^of^ 
to have less, to suffer disadvantage, to be worsted, &in}AA(iyi} £rom &«-aX- 
A.cCtt». — biiov qualifies iwop€^yro. 

§ 9. rh eifc&yvfMv, the left, according to the first arrangement, but now, 

since the Greeks had faced about (§ 6 above), the right wing. &yairr^- 

T€iv (ikya- back, irrtJTTCU', to fold) rb K^paSf to bend the wing around. By 
this movement the army would fix)nt the enemy, while the rear would rest 
on the river (iroffiaatrBm' oirurBey rhy irorafUv, lit. to make the river m 
the rear), 

§ 10. iy $ , . , ifiov\eioyro, but while (the Greeks) were deliberating on 
these things. The movement spoken of in the preceding section was only 

contemplated {i^6Kti). iccU 5^, even now, nearly = ijirj, xapa- 

fite^dfieyos, having passed along by, = iraptKOd^y, tuniay, sc. rov *EA- 

XiiviKov. — els Tb avrh ffx^/jM, &<nr€p, in the same form, as etc. — 

fjMxo^fieyoSf fut part., see Gr. § 164, 6. Syras^ sc. fiain\4a Kcd robs 

ffhy ahr^ ; cf. oi 5c, § 4 above. 

§ 11. in wK4oyoSf lit. from a greater distance, i, e. they began to flee 
at a point still farther from the Greeks. rh wp6<r9€y, 1, 8, 19. 

§ 12. ky^ffrpd/^eaay (ityd, back, or aboid, and arpi^, I turn), faced 
about, — — ire^ol (in grammatical apposition with ol hfi^X fiaffiXia) fthf 
oMri, ... 8^, footmen no longer, but ; or more clearly, not hovoever footr 
men, but ; ovk4ti, non item, not after the same manner = but not, not however, 
■ iyarX-fiffBi) from ifiiriwXrjfii : for the gen. with this word, see Gr. 
§ 273, 6. (b.) — - rh woio^fieyoy, much less frequent in this sense than 
rh yiyySfityoy, that which was being done, or more simply, what was going 

on, ^irl ircXnjs, on a spear, in which signification the word Wxrq 

seldom occurs. Cf. Cyrop. 7, 1, 4. ^y tk ry Kvptp rh crtfieioy herbs M 
96paros fioKpov ikyar€rafi4yos {vnth expanded wings). 

§ 13. 4yrav0a denotes more commonly rest in a place, but also yeiy 

often motion to a place instead of iyraudol ; so here. &\Koi &AAo9cy 

expresses more briefly than our idiom will admit of the promiscuous dis- 
persion of the horsemen; ct Lat alii alio: some (went) one wag, some 
another ; HhAodey (which means strictly, from another place) is here trans- 
lated like &XA.o<r«, to another place, the writer assuming in mind for his 

stand-point the place towards which the enemy were fleeing. i^tXovro 

(from i|/tX({«) ; observe the force of the imperf., toas becoming bare ; it^tX^^Bri^ 
was made bare, would be inconsistent with the n^ct clause. — jccd wd^ 
T€*, aU also ; cf. 1, 8, 2. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK I* CHAP. z. 277 

§ 14. iwefit^tPf ec. rh irrpdrw/tOf did not conduct (the armj) upon etc. 
m ^h atn6v ; an expression implying motion with a verb of rest. The 
idea is, conducting the army to the foot of it (the hill), and commanding it to 
halt, he sends etc. — iceXc^ci, so. ainoi&s. — KartS6yTas , . . rl ioriVf 
lit. having looked down on the things heyond the hilly what (there) is ; rl in the 
eing. denotes the complete view of the several objects denoted hj rd\ cL 
rt oZv ravrd iorty, 2, 1, 22. 

§ 16. ox^^^ 5* ^^> ^''^^ ^^^^'^ ^ ^"** when, iced fiXtos it^vro, the 

sun also was setting ; fjMQS often stands without the article, when the Eng. 
idiom requires it ; so also other objects and appearances in nature which 
are from their -very character single ; oL obpayov, 4, 2, 2 ; IjAios, 5, 7, 6 ; 
fiop4as and v^os, 6, 7, 7. 

§ 16. &fM fi4v. Instead of a corresponding &/ui U, the construction is 
changed, owing to the introduction of explanatory clauses, and we have in 

the correlative sentence § 17. iced owroi ifiovXt^vro K,r.\. ahrhu t€- 

OrnK6raf Gr. § 310, 4. (a.) KaTa\fit^6fi€y6y ri, to seize upon something, 

perhaps some important military point. — — xpo€?^\aK4>fai, had marched 
forward ; from icpo^XxUtvw, 

§ 17. avToi, they themselves, they on their part in contradistinction from 

Cyrus. avroO, adv. there ; imavBa, cf. § 18 above, with note. 

ain-o7s kirUvai, that they themselves should go away, in opposition to the idea 
of hringing the baggage to them; were there no antithesis implied, 
avTo7s would be unnecessary. Hprniffroy^ chiefly poetic, instead of 

§ 18. raOrnis /iky . . . iy4yero, such was the end of this day. An event- 
ful day ; and destined to exert an important influence on the future history 
of the world. For on that day the Greeks learned their superiority to the 
Persians, even in the heart of the empire. The conquests of Alexander, 
with all of their weighty results, may be traced directly to the lesson 

whieh was learned in the battle of Cunaxa. t^ . . . Kai, not only, hut 

especially, Gr. § 821, 1. (c.) fttirrds : oCo'as is here omitted ; cf. &fierpoy, 

sc. 6y, 8, 2, 16 ; and opdla, sc. oHo'a, 4, 1, 20. — &s i\4yoyro has respect 
to the preceding word. The personal instead of the more conmion imper- 
sonal construction is used here. Of. Mkow, 1, 4, 7. — koI radras 
repeats with emphasis the idea of rks a/jJ^as i even these. 

§ 19. jcctTaA.v<rai, cf. 1, 8, 1. — For the meaning of fyurroy and 
Zeitnfov^ see Die. Antiqq. art coena. 

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278 HOTB0. 


"Ocra #»€ I Kvpos lrc\c^n|o'ffy iyhrro hirUwrw r&v 'EAX^ywF <r^F Tur* 
tra/^ppn hf reus <rwop9ais. — Movements of the Gieeks after the lattie of 
Cnnaxa, until the treaty which thej ratified with the Persians was broken. 


Negotiations of the Greeks with Ariaeas, Persian commander nnder Cjms, 
to whom they offer the throne of Persia ; and of Artaxerxes with the 
Greeks whom he attempts in vain either to overreach or to intimidate. 

§ 1. A recapitnlation of the principal events in the last book. — *Qs 
fihf oZy, How thertfore ; fUvy correlative with 94 § 2. — KiSp^, dat com. 

Gr. § 284, 3, Rem. 4. iy if iy6B(p ^ 4y if iyafidurei, (3, 1, 1.) ; cf. 

note on (bw 1, 2, 1. iKBdrrts, having gone hack ; cC iXBttv^ 5, 7, 15 ; 

also 4(w, 2, 1, 9 ; {/tc, 2, 1, 15 ; ^kop, 2, 3, 6. r^ mErra, see Gr. 

§ 246, 5. (j3.) rucor, does not mean Ikai they toere conquering ; bat 

rather, that they have conquered, that ihey are victorious. In this sense it is 
often used ; cf. 1, 8, 12 ; 1, 10, 4. Gr. § 255, Rem. 1. ErOger takes rh, 
irdpra as snbject-accos. of yucay, bat it seems mach more natural to take it 

as the object. See Gr. § 278, 2. SfS^Xwroi has for its subject the 

several claases introdnced by &s> 

§ 2. &fM ry ii/jiipfft at break qfda/g ; Hjul is often thos osed as a prepo- 
sition. Gr. § 289, Rem. frniufvovvra^ fat. act particip. denoting par- 
pose, from enfjudya. — ainSs, ipse, always intensive in the nominative 

without the article. WfiTce— ^voiro. The same change of mood 

occurs § 8, r4$yriK€y — rfij. cJj t^ irpMty^ c£ 1, 10, 5. ovjit- 

/u/|c<ay, should join with ; fjdyyufu is again used intransitively in 2, 8, 19, 
and in 3, 5, 16. . 

§ 3. iy dpfip, in the act of setting out. — 6yT»yf gen. abs. ; sc ovrwr ; 
cf. vpol6vr»y, 1, 2, 17. — ^ ^Aiy itylaxoyrtf at sun^risingj denoting a 
time later than i/xa if 4ifi4p<f ; for IjKtos withont the article, see note 1, 

10, 15. Teathrania was in Aeolis not far from Halisama (7, 8, 17.), 

opposite the island of Lesbos according to the conjecture of Eiepert. It 
had been given by Darius to the Spartan king Damaratus, after he had 
been driven from Sparta by the intrigaes of king Cleomenes. — yeyoyits 
iar6f descended from ; for another constraction, see 1, 1, 1. —— TXovs 
ooonected by Koi to UpoKKiis. Ta/«^, gen., Att 2d dedlens. 

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BOOK n. OHAP. I. 279 

r4$tnjK€y . . . ffi} ; the indie, is more poaitiye than the^ptat ; the death 
of Gyriu therefore is reported as a fixed fact. — — ip r^ oraBfi^ must be 

connected with cfi}, as w€<l>vy6s would require cli rhy irra8/i6y, r$ 

wpoT€pal(^ sc. ^fi4fHf. — r^ &AA]7, on the ether =s<mthe next (day) ; cf. 3, 

4, 1 ; in this sense r^ t^rcpal^ is more common. A.^i and ^i;, sc 

'Apuubs. M 'Iwylas, towards Ionia, For the difference between M 

with the gen. and M with the accns., see Gr. § 278, Rem. 8. 

§ 4. *AXX*, cf. note 1, 7, 6. ^cXc . . . fir, would that Cyrus were 

aUve, For the precise meaning of this form of wish, see Gr. § 259, Bem. 
6 ; d^^cXe, 2d aor. of o^e(Ao». — ^/tf tr, d/Li€7i» not expressed in the nom. 
except for some particular emphasis or for perspicoity. Gr. § 802, 1. Yet 

cf. note § 12 below. koBuIv, Att fht infin. of KoBiiv, to cause to sU 

down, i e. to set, to place. See Gr. § 117. 

§ 5. rohs kyyixovs ; those mentioned in § 8 above. i^ixeroy sc. 


§ 6. ol fi4y^ an asyndeton for K<d ol fi4y ; cf. 1, 2, 25. For the 

general subject of asyndeton, see Gr. § 825. K^wroyres refers to 

trrpdrw/M as a collective noun. ^^XoiSf for woody in apposition with 

oUrrois ic.t.X. o5, to the place where, iKfidWeiPj to cast away, 

probably from their quivers. The deserters from the king were retaken ; 
cf. 1, 10, 6. — ^cray ^4pfO'$0Ui there were to be brought, i. e. which might 

he brought (for fuel). ^pvt^h ^^P^t because they had been plundered ; 

1, 10, 18. Kp4a belongs as object both to effoyT€s and 1iff$tov, 

§ 7. ot fi^y &\Xoi fidpfiapoif , , , 94, the others barbarians^ . . . but, 

iyrifiMs ^X"" = ^yrifios Ay, — ray &^^2 ic.r.\., in those things pertaining 

to etc ; depends on hrurrfi/iwyj Gr. 273, 5. (e.) rd^tis re koI 6ir\0' 

futxiay. The former denotes the act of drawing up the lines ; the latter, 
the various exercises pertaining to a battle, (strictly as the etymology im- 
ports, a battle with heavy armor.) 

§ 8. yuc&y Tvyx<£vct. For the construction, cf. note on trappy Myxayt^ 
1, 1, 2. — ^ i6yrai M , . , ^pas, going to the doors of the king ; a common 
form of expression to denote the suit of the poor and the weak before the 
rich and the powerful; cf. 1, 2, 11. — €6p((ric€<rOo«, to try to obtain; cf. 

7, 1, 81. — tty Bi^ywyrMf if they am, sc obtain any advantage ; &7a- 
$6y belongs as a complement with €&pl<rK€ir$€u and also with the condi- 
tional clause. 

§ 9. ificts 9^ K\4apxoSj but Clearchus nevertheless, i. e, although he was 
equally indignant with the others. — ob ; the position of the negative, 
not before cfi; but before r&y yiKi&yrwy, should be noticed : to deliver up 
their arms belonged not to the victorious, implying the antithesis &\A^ r&y 
iirroffUyvy, — — 1^, continued he; a common use of the word. Cfl 8, 2, 9 ; 

8, 8, 12 ; 8, 6, 6. — fx*^<> *^ iaroKptyaaOai, li|«, will return ; c£ 

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280 HOTES. 

note on i\B6rr€S^ 2, 1, 1.— ^— r^ l^ ifyipiifidpa (pNmi ^(oip^w), theeih 
tndli which had bem taken wt (bom the victim) ; lince firom the entimilfl^ 
especially from the liver, they supposed fntuxe events might he known.—-— 
^Sfitros, tacrificing, the mid. voice adds the idea,y(>r himself, i e. as the 
word often means, U> take the auspices. Cf. 1, 7, 18. 

§ 10. K\€dyctpf donhtless the same who in 2, 6, 87. is called an Orcho- 

menian and a general. See note 1, 2, 9. xp6ffOfy . . . vapaHoiriiraiff 

they would sootier die than deliver up their arms ; a familiar idiom in many 
languages ; xapoZolnvaaf : with the exception of the common word cfiicray 
(see 1, 1, 5.) this is an extremely rare form of the optat. <^ verhs in -/it, 
instead of iropaSoiey. — i&av^fj», v^cpa, / wonder whether. This verb 
<^n contains in itself not only the notion of wonder, hut also of desure to 

know, and hence may be followed by an indirect question. 8w/>a, sc. 

alr€u '—' cl nhf ydp, sc. oirci. jcoi . . . i?i06yray and not (much 

rather) to come and take (them) ; lit. having come to take. 

§ 11. ain^, sc. r^ fiaart\€if depends on iyriwotwrai, perhaps as dat. in- 
com. ; Gr. § 284, Rem. 4 ; for who is there that lays dcam to tfte government 

against him f iaurov tJycUf belong to himself L e. are his property. — 

^X"*^} *C' ^/*«*» f'^^i c^* /^^<f'0Vf 1, 2, 7. Ktd . . . itrrSsf and (hav- 
ing yon) within etc. oW, cl irap4xot tfuy, not even if he should give 

them up to you, sc. to be slain ; i. e. should they not %ht at all, there would 
be too many even for the Greeks to slaughter. 

§ 12. &s a^ dp§s, the personal pronoun stands here, as elsewhere some- 
times, with a very slight emphasis. Examples of this sort are found chiefly 
in clauses introduced by a relative adverb or pronoun ; ct Hcovs ah dpfs 

§ 16 below ; also &s iytH^ 2, 2, 3. Ay ; the first belongs to xp^^^^f 

the second, to trrepriOfiyau xapaJi^ff^iyy sc. tiijms as subject : thai we 

shall deliver up to you etc abr rovrots =i ravra tx"^^^' (§ 20 below), 

not exactly the same as roinois (dative of instrument). Cf. 8, 2, 8. 

§ 13. ^iXoo-^^^y, used here in contempt, as of one who does not recog- 
nize the actual, but sees only the imaginary. lotxos, you resemble ; 

for the forms of this verb, see Gr. § 195, 2. oIk ikxipurra^ what 

is not unpleoMng, ironical. — XaBi . . . &v, be assured that you are^ 

Gr. § 310, 4. (a.) olfet, the form always used by Attic writers as 

2d pers. sing, of oXoyuu ; cf. /Soi^Xci and i^u &om fioiXo/uu and H^/uu. 
Gr. § 116, 11. 

§ 14. ^^KKToi/, cf. note, 1, 9, 23. &$ Koi . . . iyhovro icol . . . ftr . . . 

yiyoufTO^ that they both were . . . and might become . . . ; see Gr. § 821, 1. 

xoWovy see note on 1, 3, 12. rfrc . . . cfrc, whether . . .or. — 

&AXo rty in something else, as distinguished from an expedition to Egypt. 
'"^^avyKorwrrpr^aiirro (comp. o^, icor^ ffrpi^ ftr ovry, Ihe^ would 
together wUhUm $ubjugate (it> 


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BOOK II. OHAP. I. 281 

§ 15. ^oKufiitp thetv^ hredlang itiy aaid, — OSrot . . . <UXof &AAa 
K^i ; the verb agrees with IkKKos which is in apposition with olrot ; ct 
the coEstmction of iwop^^Of 1, 8, 9 ; we may render, of these, one says 
one iMng, another (says) another, ri \4y€tSf what you propose, 

§ 16. ^fffievos is mnch more common than iurfUyus, where an adverb 

might be expected. Cf. iK^v, iucmy^ i$€\o6<rtoSf hxo^Hnot, o7fuu often 

stands as here without any influence on the construction ; still, the accus. 
robs &X. irivras, would be admissible ; cf Plat Prot 814, b. o7/iac 8c kcX 
Tlp6hiKoy K,T.\, ; with the construction of otfuu here, compare c3 XoBi and 

similar expressions. ol &AA01 itcCktcj, sc. <rc Ha-fA^yoi ifupixwriv, 

^/iet;, t^.^tXK'nv4s ia'ft^y. »cf)l &y=s xtpl ro{n»y &, 

§ 17. xphs ^§wv, in the presence of the gods, a solenm form of assevera- 
tion. Gr. § 298, 1. (2.) (c.) kin»X.ey6iuivov^ expresses no fitting idea, 

says Hertlein ; Eriiger translates it with eh rhv Irctra xp^yoy, when handed 
down to coming time, making iafa\ey6fi€yoif agree with 5 ; but such a mean- 
ing of the word, he says, is not to be found elsewhere, at least in Attic 
writers. Hence various conjectural readings have been proposed ; — e. g. 
fty Xey<^/t€vov, should it be reported; itya'yy€K6fi€voy, being announced ; vAyra 
\€y6fA^oy, in which case \(ey6u.woy would agree with xp^^^^i time, that tells 

all things, |^y, older Attic form of city, ^vfifiov\€vofi4yoi5 |wyc- 

/3ot^X6V(rcv arrets, advised them on consulting with him ; the marked difference 
between the act. and mid. will not escape notice. 

§ 18. TovTO Mrytro, briefly expressed, says Hertlein, for ravra \4yuy 
Mjy^o, in these things he made an artful suggestion to lead (Phalinus) on» 

— {ntoarp^as, having artfully turned. The notion, artful, sly, in both 

of these verbs, is expressed by ^6, irofxi, contrary to. axnov, 

i. e. rov KXcdpxov. It will be perceived that Greek met Greek in this 

§ 19. rQy /ivpl»y. For the article here, cf. 1, 7, 10, and Gr. § 246, 9. 

— (TwO^yoi, depends on iKwlHuy, hopes of being saved. After ihirls i<rriy 
the infin. aor. is not unfrequently used without &y, denoting a future 

event ; less frequently after iKwii^iv. iroXt/Aovyras agrees with the 

implied subject of erwOTJyai, The dat. agreeing with ifuy would also have 

been grammatical ; cf. note on Xafi6yTa, 1, 2, 1. &KoyTOSi cf. note 1, 

8, 17. 8»p 9vyar6y9 lit. in what way it is possible, L e. in the best way 


§ 20. ravra as usual referring to what precedes, rdBe to what follows. 

<l>lKovs tlyat, sc. ri/ius. wKtioyos , , . ^(Xoi, dependent on oi6iu9a, 

we might be more valuable friends, sc. ^fius (which however could not pro- 
perly be expressed) ; for the nominative with the infln., see Gr. § 307, 4. 

wo\«fUiy, also dependent on ol^/ic6a. This reply is worthy of the 

Laconian Qearchus. 

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§ 21. /liyovffi o^oO, 8C. ^/buy, to pau (on condition of jour) remcdmR^ 
here, — c7i7<rai/, eee note on irapa^lriiraif § 10 above. — •rpolown lai 

&Tioi7<ri, sc. ^fuy ; — w6\€fjL0Sy so. rfij. cfvarc : for those parts of the 

Ist aor. of this word which are nsed in preference to the 2d aor., see Or. 

§ 167, 7. wtpl ro^ov, ccnceming thisj i. e. the last point proposed by 

the king. ~— - ir^cpa . . . cl<riv, lit. whether you will remain and there is a 

treaty to you, L e. whether you will remain and have peace. &s wo\4nov 

6vro5, on the tupposition that war exists ; gen. abs. with &5. 

§ 22. iirep Koi. When two ideas, expressed in a demonstrative and 
relative clause, are compared, the Eng. word cdso is regularly placed onfy in 
the demonstrative clause, but the Greek word koI stands also in the relative 
clause, sometimes even when it is not eicpressed in the demonstrative ; cf. 
Kai before ^fieh 1, 3, 6. Consequently in translating, we cannot well render 
Kol in the relative clause : to us also the same things seem expedient as to 

the Ung, ri ravra, cf. note 1, 10, 14. kw^Kpiyaro, notice the 

asyndeton. <nrovhd,i sc. eiinp. 

§ 23. ravTii, do not confound with ravra, With fi4yov(rw and the 

other participles in the dat. plur., understand rifuy. The diplomacy of 
Clearchus appears to be quite a match for that of Artaxerxes. 

CHAP. n. 

The Greeks joining Ariaeus resolve to return with him to Icmia. After a 
day's march, they arrive at some Babylonian villages. In the night, 
they are seized with a groundless panic, which is allayed through an 
ingenious pleasantly of Clearchus. 

§ 1. ot 9^ irapk 'Apiaiov ; see 2, 1, 3 and 5. ain-ov waph 'Aptai^, 

there with Ariaeus / ain-ov is often in this way more exactly defiiied by a 

^preposition with its case, cf. 4, 3, 6; 4, 3, 28; 4, 2, 22. ficXriovs, 

better, i. e. in respect to birth and rank. ots (sc. ^97) . . .' fiaaiXeioy- 

Tos, who would not endure his being king ; we should expect here instead 
of the accus. and infin. ot ovk &r ityaa'xoiyro «c.r.X. ; but in indirect narra- 
tion (oratio obHqua) we sometimes find the infin. after a relative pronoun, 
also after &s, Sre, iirti, ixeiH, Cf 5, 7, 18. See Gr. § 346, 6 ; ainov 

depends on &va(rx^<r0ai, Gr. § 276, 1. KcAe^ci, bc. w/aos. aMs 

belongs to the subject of hinhai, that he himself will go away. Gr. 
§ 307, 4. 

§ 2. oSru regularly refers to what precedes ; but it denotes what fol- 
lows when used as a correlative before fiorc or Boris, and also before an 

epexegetical clause ; as here. Cf. 4, 6, 10'; 6, 6, 12 and 32. wotuy, 

BC fi/ios. Befwe Hortp x^crc, understand, ftom the foregoing, XP* 


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BOOK n. CHAP. n. 

wouof. — oifih robots, not even to these, as he had also concealed his 
intention frpm Phalinns and his fellow ambassadors, 2, 1, 23. 

§ 3. Uvcu depends not on ^vofjjp^j bat on oitK i^yvvro r^ Upd, sc 
icoXdE, cf. 6, 6, 36 ; 7, 2, 17 ; KoKi is omitted with yiyv€<rBai also in 6, 4, 

13, and 16, and 17, and 19, and 25 ; and in 6, 5, 2. &pa, manifestly ; 

it is used similarly in 4, 2, 16. — oit jit^y J^, cf. note 1, 9, 13. oXor 

r€fpomhley sc. i<m; oTos with tc annexed has regularly the meaning, 

able, possible ; and it often stands as here without the verb. rk #»«- 

r^Scm, the requisite means of subsistence, ttrriv, see Gr. § 36, 1. 

i4vai^ dependent on koXA, 

§ 4. ScnryciK, exegetical of ^c iroiuv, and governed in the same way. 
— Z^itrvuv — <rwrK€vdie<rB€f a transition from "xjpii with the infin. to the 

imperative, as in § 2, xp^ woitiv — irpdrrere, trrif^'hyg, sc. 6 ffCLkwuyitriis 

as it is ordinarily explained ; cf. itr^myle 1, 2, 17. &y &i'aira^c<r0ai, 

as if to rest ; &s denotes that the signal was given only as a pretence to 

deceive the enemy. — M r^ rpir^, on the third (signal). ry fiyov- 

ix4ytp is neuter (cf. 2, 4, 26) ; the part (of the army) takinff the lead, ■ 
vphs rod woTOfiov, near or next (wp45^from the (denoted by the gen.), in the 
next place this side of the river, or more freely, on the side towards the river. 
Gr. § 298, 1. (1.) rh IhrKa, by a common meton. for rohs dTXlras, 

§ 6. rh \oiv6v, as to the rest, i. e. frcm thai time forth, ^px^^ ^ 

spoken of the chief command. -^ — ovx i\6fi€yoi, not having chosen him for 
the commander in chief. Bei rhv &pxovra, sc. ippoytiv, 

§ 6. As ErOger remarks, this section is wholly out of place here ; like 
a considerable number of similar passages it is very likely an interpolation 

from some other work. iLpiOfjihs rris bHov, a reckoning of the way ; cf. 

vXviBos T^5 Karafido'ccfs rrjs d^ov, 6, 5, 4. — — fuCxi?, battle-feld, so in 6, 

5, 4. trroBiiol rp€is Koi ivtv4iKoyra : only eighty-four stations from 

Sardis to the battle-field are mentioned in the first book, but it will be 

perceived that the distance from Ephesus purports to be given here. i 

i^'flKopra KcA Tpuuc6a'ioi, cf. note 1, 8, 2. 

§ 7. r&y ir^Cjuy Bp<^K&y, mentioned 1, 2, 9. as being in all 800 peltasts. 

The Thracian horsemen are mentioned in 1, 6, 13. rjinofiSKija't fi^)m 


§ 8. icori T^ 'iraprryy€\/i4ya, according to the directions which had been 

announced, § 4 above. t^v ixelyov crrpartdy = r^v arpariky avrov, 

only that iKclyov is more emphatic than ainov ; ixuyos not imfrequently 
as here refers to an object in Immediate proximity with it, instead of 
denoting an object somewhat remote ; cf. 1, 2, 15 ; 1, 3, 1 ; 1, 8, 26. 
(i4ffas y^KTos, cf. note 1, 7, 1. — iy rd^tt, a construction denoting rest 
with a verb of motion ; instead of which one might expect els rd^iy (cf. 
2, 2, 21 ; 5, 4, 11). But 4y and the dat. with a verb of motion involves 


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284 KOTBB. 

the idea of the rest which raoceeda, an idea not distinctly suggested with di 

and the accns. ; cf. Gr. § 800, 8. (a.) ^4fi§rotj sc. ol "EXXjiv^Sf not 

simplj ol ffrparriyoL C£ note on /jMx^fiewoi, 1, 8, 27. — d-^/icyoi t^ 

SirAa, cf. note 1, 6, 14. /t^€ — t« ; so in Latin sometimes neque — et: 

may be rendered, not only not — hut aUo ; cf. 2, 5, 4 ; 8, 1, 30 ; 4, 8, 6. 
— — wpoff^fioffoyf twore in addition (wpotr-'), 

§ 9. Demosthenes (23, 68) mentions xd'wpos, Kpi6s, and ravpos as being 
osed for a solemn sacrifice ; compare also the iuovetaurUia of the Romans. 
The wolf seems to have been added to the sacrifice as an animal held 

sacred among the Persians to Ahriman, the god of darkness. ds 

hjtnrlZa^ so that the blood ran into the shield (fiertlein) ; cf. us rhv worafx6y, 
4, 8, 18. For the form of the iunrls, iMe Die. Antiqq. art Glipens. 

§ 10. "A^f 8^, come now, age vero, &wifi§r (sc. d^y 6dhv) 1iinr€p 

IjXOofiw, shall tre withdraw by the way that we camk eta For the govern- 
ment oHmrtp, see Gr. § 278, 1, 2. 

§ 11. hiwUrr^s sc. d^y My : also, with fuucporipay below, understand 

My, iir6 with the gen. (when not nsed in a local sense) denotes rega- 

larly the agent or doer; then also the acting canse; cf. 1, 5, 5.— — 
hrroKolZtKa Jc.r.X., for in seventeen of tJie nearest marches ; (rraB/jL&y de- 
notes here the notion of time within which something takes place, and 

hence is put in the gen. Gr. § 273, 4. (b.) oM Ztvpo l^rrcs, not even 

in coming hither etc. ; much less would they be able to obtain proyisions 
from the same country in a second march over the same route. — fyda 
is either a demonstrative or a relative adverb ; here the latter : but where 

there was any thing, we etc. inrof^co/ify, instead of iiiroptiy by a 

change of construction similar to the one in 1, 8, 15., 'wtlaofuu instead of 

§ 12. wopevrioy ; for the eoustmction of the verbal in rios, see Gr. 

§ 284, 8. (12.) &ir<Hnr«urd»/Aey, Gr. § 180. (c), owdw. &va(, ct 

note 1, 9, 10. oiiK^ri /t^ llnrtirau The strengthened negation ov /li 

takes almost always the subjunct. aor. or fut. indie. ; here by the use of 

OyriTtu the fut. event is contemplated as already present. <rwaytu 

Att fut. from <rwayt(w ; cf. jco^icty, 2, 1, 4. raWny is here a predi- 
cate : this as my opinion, 

§ 18. ^y Zmnxfi4yri, signified, meant ; the particip. with ^y is conadered 
= iZ^yaro ; cf. 6, 1, 6, ^y T€iroyO<^s, and 6, 4, 24, fitfiotieijKSrts ia-ay.^^-^ 
fl iaroipaycu 1j kwo^vyuy, than to escape by secret or by open flight, Ct 

1, 4, 8. iy 8c|tf Ix- fhy ^Aioy, i. e. towards the north, since it 

was not far from the autumnal equinox, when the sun rises exactiy in 
the east. 

§ 14. Tovro, in this ; cf. 1, 8, 11. It« 14, furihermore, tBofyuf 

ipay, they imagitted they saw, r&y 'E^Mymy depends on the snlgect 

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BOOK n. CHAP. n. 285 

ci i$€oy, the antecedent of oT, those of thA Greeks who etc h-irptorOf 

Or. § 161, 22. 

§ 15. €My , . . y4fioirro. For a similar change of mood, cf. 2, 1, 2 and 

8 ; 8, 5, 13 ; 4, 5, 10 and 28. y4/ioan'0 with the neat, plnr., cf. icay, 

1, 2, 23. ^(rrparoTcSc^ero, the mood but not the tense of the oratio 

recta is here retained ; cf. ^y, 1, 2, 21 ; i^p6y€i and ^trayj 2, 2, 5 ; ^o-oi^, 

eto. 8, 1, 2 ; eTxcVy 7, 8, 2. jcal T^p ica/, 6<emm e^m, tmusual in 

Attic writers ; and (the king was doubtless encamped somewhere near) ^br 
a smohe also etc. 

§ 16. it!W€ifniK6Tcts. (&ir<{, ^fniKo), fut. Aircfw, aor. &T€7roy ; in 1, 5, 3, 

hinyop€i» is nsed as a corresponding pres., wearied out, exhausted. 

Byras after a verbum sentiendi, Gr. § 810, 4. (a.) ^Bdwpoy^ forthwith, 

an nnnsaal word. Aywy (and above tyey) used absolutely, marchuig. 

■ Toi»j irp^ovSf the first, the foremost, i. e. the van, Ktd a^h rh 

I^Ao, even the very timbers, — rh &t^ r«y olKi&y |^^a, an abbrcYiated 
expression which we can easily render into English ; expressed in full ^ 
rh iy reus oUlais |^Aa i,wh r&y olKt&y it/fipvoffro Jc.r.X. ; cf. robs ix r&y 
wiXMOfy =s robs iy reus ie6\<t<ny iK r&y ir^A. 1, 2, 8 ; rwy wap^ fiatrtXius t= 
rwy irap^ fiwrtXti irapiL fianriXius^ 1, 1, 5. See Gr. § 800, 4. 

§ 17. tyMS, nevertheless, notwithstanding the fact that the villages were 

plundered and laid waste by the king. o-KoraTof -wpocrUyreSy coming up 

in the darkness ; adjectives denoting time veiy often, those denoting place 
less frequently, stand instead of adverbs. Gr. § 264, 8 ; so also in Latin, 

And. & St Gr. § 216, Rem. 15. ios Irirfxww tKwrroi^ as ihey sever- 

ally happened, sc. ahXiC&ii^oi. — Kpauy^y hroiovy ; one would sooner ex- 
pect hrowvyrOf yet the act. is found with Kpavyfiy, Cyr. 8, 1, 4 ; HeL 6, 

4, 16. &(rT€ followed by the indie, denoting an actual consequence or 

result, may be rendered wherefore, Cf. note 1, 7, 7. 

§ 18. i^tvKdyri from 4icirX^TT«. — jcal fiatriX^^s, the king also ; not 

simply ol iyylnofra r&y 'woXtfileoy § 17. oTs ry ^trr^paltf ijcpwrre^ by 

what he did on the next day. See 2, 3, 1. 

§ 19. oToy, sc. ^6pvfioy koI SoSiroy, the subject of yiyy€(r0ai, dependent 
on €lK6sy sc iffri, such eu it is natural should arise etc. 

§ 20. r&y r6r€, sc. Krip6K»y. — ^ rovroy^ in apposition with To\tdh\yj 
is expressed for the sake of perspicuity on account of the intervening clause. 
C£ KtCL rainas, 1, 10, 18 ; ra^ijv, 2, 5, 11. — arir^y Koraicrip^^ayra ; 
heralds always proclaimed silence before they made any announcement. 
Ct HeL 2, 4, 20. — — rhy k^irra . . . SirXa, the one who let loose the ass 
among the heavy armor ; r6y before tyoy implies that the ass had been the 
cause of the uproar, — a joke invented by Glearchus to quell the panic . 
rh SitAa denotes here the place (the front of the camp) where the arms 
were stacked. Cfl 2, 4, 15 ; 8, 1, 88 ; 5, 7, 21. 

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286 NOTES. 

§ 21. fwtpf m vfhat Manner, a$, eTxor, naed abflolntoly, ikifJM 

themidvetf ihey were drawn ly. Cf. 6, 4, 11, cTxc ; Cyr. 6, 8, 21, fx^«* 

CHAP. m. 

Further negotiations between l^e Persians and Greeks, ending in a treaty, 
the terms of which were that the Persians should faithliillj c<mduct 
the Greeks back to Ionia, providing them with a market ; and that the 
Greeks in turn should purchase Iheir supplies or obtain them without 
damage to the countiy. 

§ 1. •'O . . . lypcnj'a, 2, 2, 18. rydf, m the foUowmg nuumer. 

ie4/i,w69Vj without object (jkyy4Kovs) as often ; cf. 1, 1, 8 ; 8, 1, 27. 

il\i<ff see note 1, 10, 16. 

§ 2. &xpi tuf (TxoXiffjf, instead of &XP* irxo^uiff^uVf as the clause de- 
pends on a historic tense of the indie., until he should be at leisure ; a 
haughty reply, but it appears from the context to have been well-timed, 
and judicious. 

§ 8. &irT€ . . . wviariit^. In this clause, Hertlein proposes to govern 
6pwr$ai by mncrhv, but acknowledges that the position is unusuaL ErQger 
supplies Kcd. before bflatriiau Why not ^vem dpwrOai by Ka\&s (Gr. § 806, 
1. (d.) ? and render, ao that it preeerUed a fine appearance (lit. to that it woe 
beauiiftU to he seen) (being) on all sides a dense phalanx. Instead of 6par 
ffOaif the act. 6pay with this construction would be more common. Gr. 
§ 806, Kem. 10. — — /iriB^va rather than ov94ya because &<rre is here fol- 
lowed by the infin. ; cf. note 1, 7, 7. 

§ 4. lepbs roh i,yy4XoiSt near the messengers. Gr. § 298. 11. 

JBofBpts . . . iffovrai, being men who were competent etc. tffowrax^ the 

form of the orotic recta, in the midst of oblique narration. Many instances 
of this sort have already been noticed. 

§ 5. ipurroy . . . Horiyf for there is not a breakfast. odS' 6 roXfi'fi' 

ffuVf nor is he the person that wiU dare etc /lij woploas : the partidp. 

with fjAi denotes a condition. Gr. § 818, 5. 

§ 6. Jicov, came bach ; cf. ij|«, 2, 1, 9 ; i\e6rr€Sf 2, 1, 1. f , by 

which, wherefore, clic^a, things that were reasonable, ZoKoley has 

the same subject as Hxeyov ; fJKOi^v (like $Koy), had come back, ihy . . . 

yhuvrai, fut. pert in meaning. Gr. § 266, Kem. 9. M^w = iiwffe 

Mey, to that place from which; cf. BBty, 1, 8, 17. 

§ 7. 6 8^, i. e. Clearchus. — tncMovro, should conclude a treaty. — 
alnois rots iiyZpda'i, with the men themselves, with the men alone, to the exclu- 
sion of those whom they represented. As this expression is not suffidentity 
defined, an exegetical dause is added, roTs lovffi icai hwiowty, those coming 


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BOOK II. OHAP in. 287 

and going awag, L e. the Persiaii conuniBsionera. — — Sxnriy, so. taouno 
mrov^al. In this whole conference, ClearchnB affects for himself and the 
Greeks a perfect indifference to the treaty ; thus placing the king as far at 
possible in the attitude of a suppliant. 

§ 8. fUTcurrntrdfitt^s, having removed. Notice the force of firrd in 

composition ; L. & S., snb voce, G. in cjomfos. YIIL ^S^jcci, it seemed 

(expedient). Kct0* i^oyx^) quietly ^ L e. nndistnrbed by the enemy. 

M, after, i. e. in order to get and bring ; c£ 5, 1, 5 ; 6, 2, 2 ; 7, 6, 

2 and 3. In the next section, iep6s means simply io, 

§ 9. Itv oKirfiawriy, shall have become uneasy, a/raid, iiirM^rif ii 

may seem inexpedient* -woti^ffofffhu. With verbs containing the notion 

q[ fearing J hindering, denying, ref rising (here hrM^ff), the accompanying 
infin. regularly takes the negative. Gf. 1, 8, 2. See Gr. § 818, 8 ; there 
are however many exceptions to this rule, as here ; after K»}Jtew, ijAi is 
more frequently omitted. 

§ 10. rduppots Ktd ahXSxriv, ditches and canals ; the latter denoting 
something larger than the former. These had been made for the purpose 

of irrigating the land ; cf. § 13 below. &s = &irTt as in 1, 5, 10. 

Ztafidfftis as distinguished firom y4^vpai, regularly constructed bridges, 
denotes a temporary means of crossing ; and may be rendered here tem- 
porary bridges ; cf. 3, 5, 9. roirs Z4, but others, corrects the too general 

statement ot ^oay iiewtm-wKSris ; they used not simply the palm-trees 
which were already fallen, but they also cut some down. Cf. ol hk Ktd, 1, 
5, 13 ; and note on 5, 4, 31. 

§ 11. YiXiapxop • . • ^€<rrirci, lit. to learn Clearchus how he governed, 
by anticipation Qrp6\fi\^ts') for KarafiaBuy &s K\4apxos iweffrdrti, to learn 
how Clearchus governed, Ct 1, 1, 5, note on r&v fiapfidpw iw€fi€\tiTo ic.r.A. 
— fiaicnipiay. Flogging was not uncommon in the Spartan armies, and 
hence the Spartan generals were in the habit of carrying a stick. Cf. irAi}- 
yiis iv4fia\€y, 1, 6, 11. — ^ irphs rwro, i. e. iiafidotis woitioOai. — — rhy 
hnriiUioy, the one who deserved (it, i. e. waleoBai). — ftrawrcv &y, cf. note 
on tuf iuptl\€T0, 1, 9, 19. — /a.^ is here prefixed to ob <nHnrov^d(€iy on 
account of the notion of re/using implied in cdox^'^'^ ehau Gr. § 318, 8. 
The £ng. idiom does not admit of our rendering it. 

§ 12. ol rpidKorra Urn yeyoySrts, those who had become thirty years of 
age, including without doubt all the soldiers who were younger that that. 
Hence Eruget's conjecture ol els or ol oHxu rp, fr, 767. is very probably 
the true reading. 

§ 13 ota rh ir^loy &pliety, such as to, or suited to irrigating the plain. 
It was now near the middle of autumn. The fields were irrigated in the 

summer to prepare them for the sowing in the early autumn. iuptf 

Kiyat (from iul>irifu), in like mannA we say in English to have let etc. 

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288 NOTES. 

§ 14. otyos ^ttdKmyj c£ l, 5, 10. — ^ 6^os icrA., a wwr drink madB 
from the same by hoUing, 

§ 15. iiirmtrrOf were hud up ; c£ iaroKtifji€voyf 5, 4, 27. al 94^ hut 

iome^ &ir^Xcfcroi, of a choice quality. iiXiierpov instead of ii\4ieTpou 

6^€»s, a species of bracliyolog^ very common in Greek and Latin. We 

fthould say the appearance differed m no respect from (that of) amher, 

rhs B4 rtyaSf but some others. With 6 fi4y and 6 94, rls is often united. Cfl 

3, 8, 19 ; 5, 7, 16. rpay^fuvrOf in apposition with t^ 94 rams. 

^y, it was, the subject being indefinite. The reference is to the dried fruits 
jost mentioned. -— » wapk -wirov, at a banquet. For a full account <^ the 
avfiir6o'toy or w6ros, see Die. Antiqq. art. Symposium. 

§ 16. rhp ^Jc^^oXov, the pith, taken from the young shoots. d^y 

iSUrrrra rrjs fi9., its peculiar and delicious favor. With the meaning cirri f 
ri9otnis, c^ 4^96 § 15, Ijtreri, 1, 9, 26. 

§ 17. yvyaiK6sf her name according to Plut. Artax. 5. was Statira. 
-— ^ {jce, used aoristically, cC note 1, 2, 6. 

§ 18. hfi'tixatyOf inextricable, predicated of evils or dangers against 

which no remedy or defence can be found. effprifia heontcdiiriv, I cor^ 

sidered it an unexpected good fortune, Cf. hroiovvro, 6, 1, 11. cdrif 

ertur$ai 9ovy€u iful hrrocwrai ; for a similar accumulation <^ infinitiyes, 
see 7| 6| 30 : to obtain by request that he would grant to me to conduct in safety. 

hv oxiK is uncommon instead of ohK Ay ; by the present order the 

negative is connected immediately with hxapiarvs. With kxapicrus 

^X^iy, to be without gratitude, compare ebyoU&s (^x^Wf hh ^i kok&s 4xn 
1, 6, 16 ; iyrlfiMS iX'i 2, If 7. x/)^s, on the part of 

§ 19. awr^ Kvpoy iwurrpareioyra, that Cyrus was marchirtg against him; 
the accus. and particip. with ikyy4\Xw is much less frequent than the accus. 
with the mfin. - — ^ wp&ros ffyyciXo, see 1, 2, 4. — 9v^^Mra, 1, 10, 7. 
— ahr^, sc. ry 0afft\u. 

§ 20. /SouXd^o-oo^cui see note 1, 2, 2. ip4(rOai, to ask, to enquire off 

a defective verb, the tenses which are wanting being supplied by ipwrdm. 
9uiirpiiaffBai, to bring about, to obtain. 

§ 31* fieraardyres, cf. note on fieraorritrd/ityos, 2, 3, 8 ; recollect also 
that the perf., pluperC, and 2d aor. of ttrrn/u are intrans. in the act. voice. 

— — 4\ey€y, spoke, acted <is speaker. Cf. 2, 5, 39 ; 3, 3, 3. ixi, Eriiger 

conjectures &s M, cf. \, 2, 1. 

§ 22. ^trx^ydrifiev : for the construction of cdax^yofuu with the accus., 
see Gr. § 279, 5 : we felt ashamed both before gods and men etc. ; for the 
difference between the particip. and the infin. with aiax^M^i ^ee Gr. 

§ 311, 14. Cfl 2, 5, 39. rifJMs oJbro^s is simply reflexive, no special 

emphasis resting on abroits* rtap4xoyres \ . . iro«€iy, lit. yielding our- 

selves (to Cyrus) to do well (by us); L e. sufiiering oorselvei to rooehre 
favors from him. 


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BOOK n. CHAP. IV. 289 

§ 23. iScurtXc? iyrnroioifitOa rris ipxvs ; cf. 2, 1, 11, aStr^ rris i^pXVS 
&yriToic7rcu ; fiaciKci, like avr^, dat. incommodi. — -~ oCr* . . . ci^eica, nor 
is there (any thing) for which ; l[<rrty has for its subject the implied ante- 
cedent of Stou. iiSiKOVpra, any person who injures (ns), the object of 

afA^yaoOai, — — virdpxj^, begins^ is firsts as in 6, 6, 9. — ^ toinov ijrrri<r6- 
fitOaf we shall not be inferior to this one, or, behind this one, Gr. § 276, 1. 
— €«V, according to, Gr. § 290, 2. (3.) 

§ 24. IJicw, cf. note on i\e6yrt5, 2, 1, 1. fi€v6yraty, imperat. — 

hyophv wap4x€iu is the regular expression signifying to furnish a market 
where provisions are sold. Cf. §§ 26 and 27 below ; also 3, 1, 2. 

§ 26. cly, cf. note on tls, 1, 7, 1. — iiairerpayfidyos 'wapk fieurOJws 
ioBr^vai aJbr^ <rci^€iy, having cbtainedfrom the king that it should be granted 
to him (Tissaphemes) to rescue etc. With ff(i(tiv robs ""E-KKtiPos, compare 
iaroifwrai ifias €is rijv *£AA<i5a. — -» &|f oy, toorth the while, becoming, s= wp4- 

wov, as in 7, 3, 19. iavrSv^ instead of ain6y, because fiaotKu is the 

subject of &^iyai on which the clause containing the reflexive is imme- 
diately dependent. &^e7yai (comp. i,irh trifu), to dismiss, let go, 

§ 26. t4\os, fifudly, cf. 1, 10, 13. — ^ ^ /aVi surely, certainly, used 
particularly with oaths, asseverations, or solemn promises. Gr. § 316, 1. (a.) 
»— - 9 fA^y wap4^€iy, that we will certainly guarantee. The subject of ira^e- 
|€iy is ifiJMS understood ; iptXlay is an adjective agreeing with x^P^i ^^^^ 

here as a predicate ; Gr. § 246, 3. (b.) kHKus, in good faith, used 

veiy commonly in solemn promises and in treaties. Cf. 2, 2, 8 ; 3, 2, 24. 
tnov . . . ^) and wherever it may not be (possible). 

§27. djuos 6fi6crai (from HfjLWfu), that you should give your oath, 

90pt^€ffOat by a rhetorical figure for woptiotoBai, the fut. being conceived 

of as already present. hih ^iXias, sc. rris x^P^> ^f. 1, 3, 14, 

l|civ, according to ErQger, depends on 5c4<rei, vfuis being understood as its 

§ 29. &s = 'rp65 before the names of persons ; cf. 1, 2, 4. iwtiZhy 

dwrpd^wfiat, fut. perf. in meaning ; Gr. § 266, Rem. 9. — ^ 4 Uofuu, cf. 
note on cf ri Uoiro, 1, 3, 4. 


The Greeks suspecting the sincerity both of Ariaeus and of Tissaphemes 
march and encamp by themselves. Both armies cross over to the left 
bank of the Tigris, and proceed as far as the river Zabatas. 

§ 1. ityayKotoi, kinsmen ; cf. ixirfi^fios, and in Latin, necessarius, 

Tl€p<r&p rip^Sf sc. iu^ucrovyrai. Hyioi is considered as tn apposition with 

riy4s ; cC 6, 6, 11 ; 6, 6, 84. Zt^tits i^^poy, brought assurances. Th^ 



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290 NOTES. 

presented the right hand as the sign of a solemn promise in the name of 
the king ; in Ages. 3, 4, 9c{u^ wifur^af is predicated of the king himself 

IJiim(f^i^oLKfic*iv^ with fiwrtXia as its subject^ depends on 5c|tib t^pow 

as containing the idea of a promise. r^s i-wi- and JSiKKov jjufi-, gen. 

of canse ; Gr. § 274, 1. rQv irap^x''lfi4vwv (from 'wapoixofMu), of the 

things that were past. 

§ 2. ol wtpl 'Apuuoy, Ariaeus and his men ; Gr. § 263, d. We lea|]i 
from HelL 4, 1, 27. that Ariaens afterwards revolted a second time from 

the king. irpoff4xorrts rhv vovv with the dat, giving the mind to, atteih' 

tive to. ' ical Zik rovro, on this acoomU also, aade from other reasons. 

irpofft6rr€s, so. ol iroAXol r&p 'EX-. — roh fih^ »oAAois, a correla- 

tive of K\4apxo5 U, § 6 below. t# KX-, dat. with i\€yov. 

§ 8. ff, instead of 4, used chiefly in indirect questions ; iuid in '' such 
direct questions as follow a general question and suggest the answer 

thereto, like Lat. on." L. & S. Tttpi Travris, cf. note on wtpl wX^Urrov, 

1, 9, 7. arpaT€i€ty instead of rod crpareO^iy, dependent on 4>6fioSf 

of. 3, 1, 18 ; but in 4, 4, 11, iyiaraff0cu without rod dependent on 6icyos. 

— ^dyereu, he through deceit induces, cf. Miyero, 2, 1, 18. owry 

dat. incom. with 9i€incdp6<u. — aktorOy from a\i{<o, a poetic word. — 
olfK i<mv Zirws oIk hriOifferat, lit. there is not any way ihat he mil not attack, 
i. e. Ae wiU certainly at all events attack ; cf. 4, 5, 31. 

§ 4. ob . . , fiovKfio'erai, he wiU never consent, voluntarily at least etc 
rotroiZ^ means either so many or so few, the context alone determin- 
ing which of these specific ideas it denotes ; here, so few. M reus 

^pais ainov, a hyperbole as in 3, 1, 2. -— ^ KarayeKdcatn-ts, cf. Kara- 
yfXJay, 1, 9, 13. 

§ 5. jcal ravra irAvra, till these things also, as well as other things. 

M woX4/i<p, for war, denoting purpose ; Gr. § 296, II. (3.) (c.) BBty 

must also be connected with 7rap4^€i : nor will any one furnish places from 

which etc. — ^ iwicririo^fi€Oa, Att, fut. mid. of ivurtrliw, Gr. § 117. 

6 Tiyri&6fityos . . . Utrrai, lit. the one who will act as guide will he nobody, 

i. e. there will be no one to act as guide / cf. 6 roXfiiiatoy, 2, 3, 5. For 

the meaning of the fut itrr^to, see Gr. § 173, Kem. 2. ol irp6trB& 

6yr€s, sc. ^IXoi, even those being formerly (friends) will be etc. 

§ 6. worafjiSs is placed before el to give it more prominence and em- 
phasis. Cf. M rt rris kc^oA.^ t^ SrXa ^ ris <p4poi, 4, 3, 6. &p€i, 

perchance, denoting that the gpippositipn is not improbable. 9tafiar4os, 

that must be crossed} Gr. § 284, 3. (12.) 5* ody, but at all events, 

presents a fixed fact contrasted with a mere conjecture ; cf. 1, 2, 12. > 

oiBafjiey an unusual form instead of tb>icy. ob fi^y Bii, cf. note on 1, 9, 

13. Ixvtis. They had already gone over to the Persians (2, 2, 7> 

viK&yr€s, in case toe should conquer ; the participle for the sake of 

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BOOK n. CHAP. IV. 291 

conciaeness often takes the place of a conditional danse. So irmifUpmw, 
Aould we he conquered, 

§ 7. pcurtKta is the subject of ifiSacuj and aMy is repeated for the 
sake of perspicuity, on account of the intervening clauses.— -r^ o^/t- 
/MXBh ^ meant of maiking an ctttach, the resources, — — > 8, r<, in vjhai re- 
spect^ why ; t, ri instead of r(, because it is an indirect question. — — 
^€obs hropKriirai, swear falsely by the gods ; cf. 8, 1, 22 ; Gr. § 279, 4. 

§ 8. €ls oIkov ; to his province Caria. HelL 3, 2, 12 : Kapia, ipemrtp 
d Tior(raff>4pvovs oIkos, — ^ M ydfitp^ not for marriage^ but rather in mar^ 
riagcy i. e. as his wife ; since the nuptials luid doubtless been celebrated in 
Babylon ; and in 8, 4, 18, the expression rov riip 0afft\4»s dvywripsk 
fxovros is used of Orontas. This can hardly mean any thing else than 
that he was already married. So ErOger. 

§ 10. i^ptovres (iv6 and 6pdu\ looking with suspicion upon, ^— ainoi 

itp* lavrwy, themselves by themselves. ifytiiSvas^ guides, ■ ^Ms, 


§ 11. ^v\ti6fi€yoi ix rod alirov ; like the Eng. idiom, while gathering 
woodjrom the same place. Expressed logically in full, it would be, |vAi- 
(6fi€yoi 4v rf altrf jcal 4^ avrov KOfu(6fA§yoi ; cf. in rairris iiyipaiov K.r.X., 
1, 5, 10. — wKriyks 4v^€i»ov^ c£ irXir)As IWiSoXcy, 1, 6, 11. 

§ 12. jcoAo^/Acvov, so called; cf. 1, 2, 18. ^cw o^rpi;, within ity 

i, e. on the eastern side, towards Babylon. wTdvOois InrraiSi humt bricks^ 

in distinction &om those which are dried in the sun. — — » 4v ktr^dXri^, 
which was very commonly used as mortar, and served an excellent pur- 
pose ; cf. Herod. 1, 179. iroBwv depends on T€ixo5 the implied subject 

of ^v, This passage, says Eiepert, shows what cannot be inferred 

from the imperfect and somewhat careless account of the preceding 
marches (2, 1, 8), that the Greeks had gone back two or three days' 
march, by the way that they had come, along the bank of the Euphrates 
or near the river, and had already passed the Median wall, so as to be on 
the west side of it, the side towards' Mesopotamia ; cTiirw ahrov conse- 
quently means on the side towards Babylon or the eastern side. *Kic4x^ 
tk Bafiv\wvos ob toXv is a remark so idle and inaccurate that it can 
scarcely be considered any thing else than a gloss. 

§ 18. T^y 5* iCevyfiiyriy, lit the other Joined together^ JjbX, junctam, i, e. 
the other being furnished with a temporary bridge consisting of seven 
boats. The Greeks said either (evyy^at irorofidy (jSi^pvxoi) as here, or 
C^vyv^M y4<t>vpavj as in § 24 below. — ^ ^axiy inr6 : it is not uncommon 
to unite c7vai with prepositions or adverbs expressing motion ; cf. clo-ly iXf 

1, 2, 7. KOfrerh-firiifTo (jcard, r4fivw')f there had been cut. — &(nc^p, sc 

Karar4TfirirrM, — — fi€\lvas here means fields on which fitXlpri is grown. 

§ 14. 94yZp«y is probably dependent on wapaZttaoVf since Maoris else* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


where always takes the dative. The clause would then be read, near a hrgh 
and heautifid and dense park (pondtUng) of etc. ~-~-^ ol 5^ pdpfiapoi, sc. 

§ 15. foAtfi', ct note on rk SirXa, 2, 2, 20. Xioi^ might see^ I e. 

have an interview with. — ^ iccU rawTo, and that too ; cf. 1, 4, 12. 

4^y agrees with the subject of ^C4^ci, 6^fmir6s ris. 

§ 16. 5ri, c£ note 1, 6, 8. ^c/W'^i ^ ^^ ^g*i agrees with the 

nearest subject and is understood with the more remote ; an idiom not 
uncommon. Cf* ^y, 1, 2, 8 ; hrautoifi, 6, 1, 16. 

§ 17. d^y y4^vpaif : the bridge of hoots mentioned again § 24 below. 
In § 13 above, y4fvpa denotes a regularly constructed bridge in distinction 
firam a mere bridge of boats, a pcmtoon. -— ^ &s before 9iayoe7rai is causal, 

ftnoe ; before fiii itafirrr^, it is final, in order that, rris Zt^pvxos, the 

one mentioned § 18, over which the bridge of boats was constructed. 

§ 19. iudXMiOa, consistent. Wherein the two things threatened were 
inconsistent or incompatible with each other, appears from the sequel. 
rh—Koi ; we should expect here from the sense koI only ; instead of the . 
simple Kttlf rh — kuI stands also in 1, 6, 11 ; 1, 10, 4 ; 4, 8, 1. — =— hrt- 
TtBii/Uyovs^ the persons maJdng an attack^ agrees with the impUed subject 
of yucar and iyrTwrOai, a«§6&iiw^ (as in the next § ^lirfwrw^ and 

in 1, 7, 7, 8£,) since ixoi\».iV Hy does not differ greatly in sense from e^o- 
fu¥, — iwoif (a place') to tohich ; the antecedent of the relative adverb 
like that of the relative pronoun being often omitted. 

§ 20. T^ rist about haw large ; ris is often joined in this way to 
adjectives denoting quantity. x^ ^j ^^ ^^' § ^46, 3. (a.) 

§ 22. ivowi/iy^aitif ; bir6 in composition denotes, from the general idea 
vnder^ the notion secretlg. Instead of 'K'4fi^ai€y, the other form t/jlu^cmv 

would be more common ; Gr. § 116, 9. Mev fi^ . . . M€y 5/, on the 

one side , , ,onthe other side ; cf. 3, 5, 7. ' r&y , , . Myruv, there being 
m Q£) persons who wotdd till (the land) ; a clause in the gen. abs. connected 

to a gen. governed by a preposition ; cf. note 1, 10, 6. ipydC^aeai^ 

to worhf is used particularly to denote agricultural labor. •— — ibtroarpotltii 
y4yotro, it might become a place of refuse ; hiro<rrpo^ = icara^vyf\y as in 
7, 6, 34. 

§ 28. 5/M05, nevertheless^ i. e. although they thought there was no occa- 
sion for alarm or solicitude ; ofl 2, 2, 17. 

§ 24. its ^6y re juiXurra, as much as possible ; w^^vXaytiivws, adv. 
being on their guard, — twy irapd, cf. note 1, 1, 5. — diafiMySyrttyf 
gen. abs. ; the dat^ iiafiaiyawrt might have been expected here ; cfl note 

on Uyrtopf 1, 4, 12. ^X^^ imXa^yuy, he departed riding away^ or 

■imply, he rode away ; iareXaOytty added to ix""^ ^ ^^^ ^ mvse tautology 
since it tells how he went away. 


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BOOK n* CHAP. y. 293 

§ 25. ^KwrOf wot situated; cf. note on ^UovfUrnyt h ^f 1* 

§ 26. elf 9^, two abreast ; but in 7, 1, 23, tls hitrA denotes the depth 
of the line. The depth of the line is also denoted bj M with the gen. ; 
e. g. M rrrrdpttyf four deep, 1, 2, 15 ; bnt in 5, 2, 6, iwl with the gen. 
denotes also the width of the line. Hence the connection must detennine 
the precise meaning of both expressions. -^— &\Xot9 koH iXKmt i^urrd- 
ttcvosy halting now and then, — — rh ijyo^fityotf, the van, (ct 2, 2, 4} ; it is 
the object of ivurrhff^^f o^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ made the van of the army to hait* 

' t^p MarwriM^ the haiL 

§ 27. Mrfiias ; the land on the eastern side of the middle Tigris. It was 
originallj called Ath^ (Hebrew and Phoenician Ash^, whence the Greek 
Aaavpla), After the Assyrian empire had been overthrown by the Medea^ 
the coontiy took the name of MniUu Herod, calls it MarniH}, whereas 
the name Assyria is applied by him exclnsiyelj to Babylonia. In the 
time of Alexander the Great and later, this country was again called 

Assyria. Uapvo'dTiXhs k^/ms. From the distance they had marched, 

these must have been somewhere near the month of the Lesser Zab, a con- 
siderable stream, the passage of which one would expect to find mentioned. 
This seems to have been forgotten in speaking of the pillage. ■ K^ 

iwtyytkuy (jhrlj iv, ycXdU), intuiting Cyrus, as an insult to Cyrus » irX V 

ky^paiw6Z»Vt but not to reduce the inhabitants to servitude ; the full expression 
would be, irXV Mpairo9lCi<rOai rois Mp^ovs ohK iir^rpwi^e. 

§ 28. Kaiyal, later in the Roman and Parthian wars, called Kanae, 
Maschane or Marchane, (probably the Assyrian commercial city Oanneh, 
mentioned in Ezekiel 27, 23.) Its ruins are still in existence and some 

remains of Assyrian sculpture have recently been found there. M <rx» 

$1^-, on rafts (made) of tanned skins* Arrian. Anab. 3, 29, 4, describes 
something similar. &pTovs, rvpoits, oXvov, Asyndeton is often em- 
ployed in the enumeration of different objects. C£ 8, 1, 8 ; 3, 4, 31 ; 4, 
4, 9 ; 4, 5, 31 ; 6, 6, 1. 


During a halt of three days at the river Zabatus (the Greater Zab), Clear- 
chus seeks and obtains an interview with TiJBsaphemes. He is so far 
deceived by the wily Persian that he takes with him four other gene- 
rals and twenty captains for a second interview. The Greek generals 
are made prisoners and the captains are put to the sword. Ariaeus 
repairs at once to the Grecian camp and demands an immediate sur- 
render. Cleaner in behalf of the Greeks returns a reproachful answer. 

§ 1. iMwdras (cf. 3, 8, 6.), Syriac Zaba, L €. Wolf; hence called by 
the later Greeks A^jcos ; it is still called the Greater Zab (Syriac Sab). 
— (nro^iai, occasions for distrust. 

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294 NOTES. 

§ 2. vavfftu riis ^ot^ltts connected by Ktd to <nfyy€p4ar0at, and under 
stood with i^yeuro, -— ^ ipovvra Qndic. ip&^ l^e fnt of ^/u), to toy, -»-^ 
a^^, i. e. r^ Tur<raip4pif€u 

§ 8. Turtra^ippri, instead of Tur(ra^4py€S, See Gr. § 71. A. — ^fias 
dependent on ^vXarr6iiwov^ guarding yourself against us etc. 

§ 4. 0^6 has for its correlative t^ after ^6 ; cf. note on pAfr* — t€, 2, 

2, 8. cKffB^ffBai instead of aX(r9i¥w9«u is rare : the aorist infin. would 

be oltrBitrBau rouivrov oMv^ any such ihing^ L e. to do injniy to yon. 

els xAyovs (Toi d\0c7y, to enter into a conference with you, ilihoi" 

fitVy from i^atp4wy I tcJse away from* 

§ 5. Mp^ovs, which denotes the whole is in Ihe same case with robs 
/liy, and rohs 8^, which denote the parts, instead of the gen. iydp^wy. 
This kind of apposition is not imcommon. — of <t>ofiriB4rr€S . . . fiovXS" 
fitvoi , . . iTolfiffay, instead of ^firi04rrcts . . . fiovXofi4vovs . . . wovfio'ay' 
ras. To avoid such an accomtdation of participles, the present constmc- 

tion (nnnsoal with oUd) was chosen. <f>ofinOeyT€Sf having f eared, is 

regularly used as aor. mid. (pOdaai . . • waOciy, wishing to anticipate 

(the others) before they suffered (any thing). For the two accusatives 

KOKdt and rohs jr.r.A., with hrolnaatf^ see Gr. § 280, 2. 

§ 6. iyvwfioa^asy a milder expression for dSiM^/tcara, as iyy^fjtvy is 
used for iZucos^ 7, 6, 28. 

§ 7. irp&Toy . . . fiiyurroy, for (to speak of that which ^ first and most 

important ; cf. 1, 8, 10 ; 5, 6, 29. ii4v is correlative with 5/, § 8.— - 

ol ^e&¥ BpKotf our oatht to the gods ; ct 6, 1, 81, hnviw ^ois, J swear hy 
the gods, — vointtv, L e. rwv i^c»y, depends on waprifi€\ffK6s. — rhy 
^€&y irdXtfiovy war with ihe gods, object of &iro^6i^i. ' Mt irotov 
rdxovs, with what ^peed. In this and similar expressions the means seems 
to be conceived of as the beginning of the action, the starting-point ; c£ 1, 

1, 9 ; 2, 6, 5. For the difference between &To4>€^7«tf and iaroSdSpdo'Kw, 

cf. note on 1, 4, 8. &iro<rra(i}, with this also rhy ^&y 'r6\€fwy may be 

supplied, nor how (fleeing) into a stronghold he might escape from the war 
with the gods. So Eriig. and Hert. Ct k^lfframai rhv ^Aiov ^h rhs 

(TKtds, Cyneg. 8, 8. voioy stands regularly in a direct question, Zwws 

in an indirect. For a similar change (from the indirect to the direct 

interrogative), see 8, 6, 18. wdyrjf irdyra, wayraxj irdvrwy^ cf. note 

1, 9, 2 ; cf. also vurrk ixurraf 2, 4, 7. icoyf adv. alike, equaUy, 

§ 8. ots relates to the more remote noun de&y, icarede/tcOa, have 

deposited it (r^y ^lAiov), as a consecrated offering which neither party has 

any right to remove from its place (^ap^ rois ^cpis). r&y Mpwrlyny, 

in contrast with xepl t«v d^&y, dependent on /i4yiirToy kyaB6y, 

§ 9. vaaa &Z6sy every way / but lewra ^ 6Z6s, ail the way, the entire 
journey, ^ofitp^arov instead of tpofieptrrdrn ; cC Hvopoy^ 8» 2, 22 ; 


BOOK II. CHAP. V. 295 

7myrip6y, 3, 4, 36 ; iXecWy, 4, 4, 11. See Gr. § 241, 2. — Notice the 
paxanomasla ^ojScp^s, ^optp^aroy ; cf. 2, 4, 7, and § 7 above. 

§ 10. fiay4rrtSf aor. of fioivofuUf having become dettUute of reason, — ~- 
&\Xo ri %,¥ 1i, an elliptical expression with which one may snpplj mentally 
(before If) yhfoiroj would any thing else happen than ; or perhaps iroioi/tcy. 

iihotdd ioe do any thing else than. t^^pov means properly the athlete 

who, when the nmnber of combatants was uneven, had no one matched 
against him, and who consequently waited to contend with fresh strength 
against the already exhausted victor ; hence it denotes secondarily a dan- 
gerovs antagonist, 

§ 11. r&v r6T€, cf. 2, 2, 20 ; in this clause imderstand ain6v as the 
sul^ect of tlyai. v4iv t€ • • , Hx'*''^** P^*^^^ ^^* ^ military potoer 

and the country of Cyrus. Cf. HeD. 8, 1, 8. d^y Bh fioffiXim ^^yafuVf 

8C. 6p&,^ rabniVi cf. note on roSroy, 2, 2, 20. 

§ 12. 5<rT«s, thdf'he ; c£ 7, 1, 28. ipto yhp Ktd^ for I wUl tdl also ; 

ydp has reference to the thought implied after ixxk fi^y^ but furthermore 
(we can become useful to j(m)for etc. ; ct 8, 2, 11. 

§ 13. ttp irapwrx^iv has the same subject as yoid^u, whom I think that 

I might render etc. iUXa tBini ; as the Lycaonians 8, 2, 28 ; the Car- 

duchians 8, 5, 16. Concerning the Mysians see note 1, 6, 7 ; and the 

Pisidians, see note 1, 1, 11 ; and the Egyptians, see note 1, 8, 9. hv 

'wavcaif I should make to cease, — ivox^vvra agrees with &, rris 

. . . otiffjjs instead of ^ ry . . . oi^crp, I see not by the use of whcU allied force 
you could better punish (them, L e. the Egyptians) than by using that which is 
now wUhme, 

§ 14. Observe the differ^ce between rtp dat of rls, and ry the dat 

of the article. &5 before fiiyurros is intensive, the very greatest ; before 

9€<nr(^s, it signifies as, cTijj, sc. Ix»'' 4/*«* ^xtipiras. kyaarpi- 

ipoio, sc. Jiy, you might conduct yourself as master etc. ; cfl 1, 6, 2, where &y 
is expressed with the first optative (in the apodosis) and understood with 

the others. rris x^^^^h siipply €VtKa from the preceding clause. — ^ 

i}5, object of llx^tfi€Vf attracted to the case of the antecedent. 

§ 15. T^ 6vofjM, r(Sf an unusual form of expression. We sfiould expect 
either the omission of rh tvofut, (in which case it would read, / should most 
gladly hear who"), or else rh ivofui to^ow, Jiaris (I should most gladly hear 

the name of him who). Ztwhs Kiyuy^ skilful or able to speak, i. e, elo- 

quent. innifift^ =: i.wtKp(varOf in which sense ifielfiofuu (comm. 

with a Ist aor. mid.) is poetic. 

§ 16. *A\\d, see note 1, 7, 6. &y belongs to clyoi ; kokSvovs in 

the nom. agreeing with the subject of ttvai ; Gr. § 807, 4. &5 y tiP 

lid0TDS, but that you may perhaps {&y) learn. When &s or Ihrws denoting a 
purpose, is followed by the subjunctive, if &y is omitted, the notion of 


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296 NOTES. 

simple purpose is denoted, if &y is expressed, lihe notion of C(mtingencj it 
added ; (Hermann as cited by Hertlein). CC 6, 3, 18. 

§ 17. ibToptiy stands here without &v, since a fixed fact is expressed 
(pitK iiropovfifv) ; in § 18 it stands with &y denoting possible cases (odic &y 
iiiropoifjity), — ^ iy denotes here the means, Gr. § 289, 1. (3.) (a.) — - 
kyTiird<rx*iy depends on KlyZwos, cf. 5, 1, 6. 

§ 18. &AAi is best rendered here bj the Eng. word or. See L. d S., 
sub voce n ; cf. 6, 8, 4. — Biawop^^etrO^, cf. note 2, 3, 27. 6yTa in- 
stead of cTycu, Gr. § 310, 4. (a.) ' ' Hrra 'wopevr4a, must be passed; with 

this belongs ijuy as agent or doer ; Gr. § 284, 8. (12.) ra^ueiftrOeu 

. . . fuixf(r6aif to divide o/* (after the manner of a steward) so many oft/ou 
as we may toish tofighi with ; L e. as the Greeks were crossing a river, they 
conld attack either those who had already passed over or those who were 

left behind, as many or as few as they pleased. atnayf of them, i. e. 

the rivers. Ztairop€^oifi€y ; notice the difference between vopeita and 


§ 19. ci iimf/ieSa (optat), if we should be defeated. &\A& r6 yi 

rot irvpf yet at least (yi) the fire is certainly (jot) etc. ; cf. &\A& •••7^1 
8, 2, 8. 

§ 20. ^x^yT€s is conditional and hence takes ivffiiya instead of ohliya^ 

Gr. § 318, 3. iky qualifying i^^XoifieOa is repeated because the first is 

80 far removed from the verb. ^— wphs i^cwv, cf. note on 1, 6, 6. 

§ 21. i,ir6pwy iffrl . . . olriyts iB^Xouat, lit. it belongs to persons without 
resources etc. who wish ; a mingling of two constructions, it.ir6p(»y itrrl . . . 
i64\etyf and &wopot eUriy . . . oUriyes i04\ovin. — K<d ro^nwy woynpSiv, 
and still more (it belongs) to base persons. Cf. note on koI ravrOf 1, 4, 12. 

§ 22. i^6yf accus. absoL ; Gr. § 312, 5 ; cf. 2, 6, 6 ; 3, 2, 26. iwi 

TOVTO ^X0o^cy, we came upon this, i. e. we applied ourselves to this (c£ ^irl 
•ray IX0oi, 8, I, 18). The clause reads, why indeed, when it was permitted to 

destroy you, did we not apply ourselves to this f roirov, of this, (i. e. the 

fact that we did not undertake to destroy you,) depends on cdrios. — ^ 
rod yeviaOai k(Cl Karafiiiyai depends on fyus ; my earnest desire to become 
faithful etc. (lit. desire of this that I become eto.) ; ro^cp is the antecedent 
of ^, and the substantive ^eyiK^ stands in the relative clause ; Gr. § 332, 
8 ; and my earnest desire to return, being strong through benefits (conferred), 
with that mercenary force, with which Cyrus came up etc. My earnest de- 
sire etc. was the cause of this (ro^ov aXrios). fuffBoZovias and evepy^aias 
are antithetical ; they are in the plural, denoting that the actions signified 
were performed at different times. 

§ 23. Zara, in how many ways, connected with xHl^^f^h ^^' § 279, 7. . 

riApa hp04i : the Persian kings alone wore the upright tiara, while the 

nobility wore those which were flexible. — — d^y y iwl rp KopZitfi by 


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BOOK n. CHAP. y. 297 

this figurative laagiiage, Has^hemes is thought to intimate that he him- 
self secretly acfpired to the throne. It is not necessary, however, to pat 
this constnxction on the passage ; since it may naturally signify that while 
the king wore the outward sign of authority, the real power would be in 
the possession of Tissaphemes if he were supported by the Greeks. After 
fxoi supply ipO^y. 

§ 24. cTiro'y so. 6 K\4apxos. The aorist cTircy comprehends the follow- 
ing as one whole ; the imperfl H^ dwells on the presentation of the single 
and special (ErQger). Of. 6, 1, 31 ; 7, 3, 24 ; 7, 6, 41. The Eng. idiom 
scarcely admits of our t ransl a ti n g ^^. — rotoinmy . . . {»eupx6rrwVf 

gen. abs., wkUe such reasons exist etc. iro^eiy, without rod, dependent 

on &((05, d. 1, 9, 1. 

§ 25. ot rt ffrpaniyol jral ol Koxci-yoly in apposition with the subject 
of iSo^Xcofc, sc. (nuts. -^— Before 4X0ciy ErQger supposes els xAyovs may 
have fallen from the text. In that case /toi would limit els xAyovs ihduvj 
to come to an interview with me. Eohner connects iy r^ ifjupavti with the 
foregoing and renders, mihi in conspectum venire, to appear before me. With 
the text of Hertiein, if no eUipsis be supposed, /mi must be considered as 
the dat. in reference to whom the action takes place (Gr. § 284, 3. (10).) ; 
since a Greek would not say ixOcTv /loi, to come to me, but M^iy wphs or 

vaph ifi4, iy r^ ifju^yti, according to ErQg. imd'Hert, openlt/, Ct 

iy ry ^aytp^, 1, 3, 21. 

§ 26. Kcd — o3, see note 1, 1, 7. SOey, not from whom, once this 

word is not sp<^en o£ persons ; but rather, whence, from what source. 

§ 27. ZriKos ^y ol6fi§yos, manifestly supposed, Ct ^\os ^y, 1, 2, 11. 

^iKuc&s ZioKuorBai rtyt ordinarily means, to have a/Hendly disposition 

towards any one ; here however in a wider sense it means, to sustain towards 
any one relations that are mutually friendly, the friendly disposition of Tissa- 
phemes being the prominent idea. ot . • . ZtafidWorrts, who should he 

convicted of calumniating (him, L e. Tissaphemes). For the constraction 
ci tuf iKeyx&wri, cf. note on i^ fiii ZtZf, 1, 3, 14. The omitted ante- 
cedent of ot is subject of rifuofnidriyat, and the clause &s . . . tyros is in 
apposition with it : on t^ ground that they themselves were traitors and evil- 
minded towards the Greeks, Others consider alno^s the antecedent of ot, 
and refer for a dmilar constmction to 1, 9, 29 ; 6, 4, 9. 

§ 28. aifTVi i. e. Clearchus. — ^ instead of cf)} ; cf. note on Ziafig, 
1, 4, 18. 

§ 29. irphs iairrhy Hx^ty riiy yy6firiy, should direct their attention towards 
himself, implying that they shotdd he devoted to him. ■ iyrtKeyoy — alrr^ 
fiil Uycu wdyras, spolce in opposition to him, that all etc. should not go. For 
the use of /t^ before Uyat, cf. note on rh /lii KararerpvOfiyeu, 1, 3, 2. 

§ 30. Korirttytyf exerted himself, contendebat. The whole transaction 

• 13* 

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298 NOTES. 

is difibrenily related bj Ctesias cap. 60, according to whom, Gearchua 
was with difficulty persoaded by Menon to go to Tissaphemes. ^— &s cIj 
isyopd^f €utfto market f consequentljr without their armor. 

§ 31. 'Ay(cLs has not been mentioned before ; cf. note 1, 2, 9. — M 
^pau without the article, as commonly when no qualifying clause is joined 
to it; cC7, 8, 16. 

§ 82. &ir^ rod ainov <rrifittoVf from etc, in the Eng. idiom, at the same 

signal, Cf. &ir^ irapayY4\a'€ws, 4, 1, 6. frtyt . . . teAmas^ cf. note on 

Z<ms . . • ledirras 1, 1, 5. 

§ 88. ^fjL^tyr6ovyt from itfupiypodv ; for the augment see Gr. § 126, 1, 
and 8. 

§ 85. fffoy. Our idiom would hardly admit of the imperf. here, but 
to be exact we should employ the plupeif., had been. Cf. iwo\t6pK€t, and 
ffvy€wo\4fiMt^ had hesieged etc., 1, 4, 2 ; ^viryKaCov, had compelled^ 2, 1, 6. 
Instances ofthis sort are not unfirequent. 

§ 86. cf ris, like Sorii, is used as a compound relative : ordered what" 

ever one there might he , . ,to approach etc. Airay/elXoMn, cfl note on 

diafij, 1, 4, 18. rk irop^ fiaaiKitas, cf. 2, 8, 4. 

§ 87. 'Opxofi4yioSi not from the Boeotian, but from the Arcadian Or- 

chomenus, since he,is also called 'Apxds, 2, 1, 10; 8, 1, 47. Ecyo^y has 

been mentioned but once before, 1, 8, 15. — >— rh, fr€p\ Ilpo^4yoVf the things 
relating to Proxenus, the fate of Proxemu, The common construction for 
this idea would be rit vepl Ilp^levoy, cf. 8, 2, 20 ; 1, 6, 8 ; but the gen. 
stands instead of the accus., owing to Ihe proximity of /uC^oi, by a species 
of attraction, since fioBetp vepi rufos would be the regular construction. 
So Hert., ErOg., and Eoh. explain it. 

§ 88. tffrriffay els MiKoop ; a verb of rest followed by a clause denoting 
motion, (haying gone) to a place within hearing distance theg stood, — 
Hx^i r^v Wiajy, has suffered punishment ; cf. § 41 below ; but in 7, 4, 24, 

lx€tv ^lieriv means, to receive satisfaction, dvairci; he does not say 

simply aire?. Ct, note on An^rovi', 1, 2, 11. tow iKetyou 9oi\oVf his 

slave ; ixeiyov is governed by rod do6\ov, With etvat and ^iray siqyply 

rit J^Xa. 

§ 89. IX€7e, cf. note 2, 8, 21. — oloxi^vcofe ^eoh^ cf. note on ijerxfiv- 

$rifjLty, 2, 8, 22. rifiiy depends on rohs ahro^St Gr. § 284, 8. (4.) 

yofuuy, to consider ; fut. of yofdC^, cf. jco^tciy, 2, 1, 4 ; to consider the same 
persons , . . whom we do, A common form of expression to denote an 
offensive and defensive alliance. —^ dis should not be expressed, but 
owing to his excitement Cleaner forgets that he had just used ofriyci. To 
the same excitement must be attributed wpoSe9»K6TeSf while wpMrr^s 
had just been expressed. By employing the same anacdnthon in En^^ish 
find by repeating the idea of al<rx^ye<r0c, we may translate &si are you not 


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odkamed that you have detlroyed the very men to vham you gave your oath, 

§ 40. ydp has reference to some thought not expressed, perhaps in this 
form, — ^we are not nnjnstyor etc. C£ note on *H ydp^ 1, 6, 8. 

§ 41. ilKoioy is here nsed impersonally ; of. 3, 1, 37. In like manner 
S^Aoy, 8, 1, 16. With hoth these words, the personal constroction is very 

fi^nent; cf. 1, 2, 11; 2, 5, 27; 2, 6,21. np6i€yos Jcal M4iwy: 

grammatically they seem to be connected with the nearest verb, bat logic- 
ally, they seem rather to be the object of W/i^'arc. We may imitate the 
egression thus. But m respect i/o Proxemua and Menon, tince they are etc 
Cf. ifUis, 3, 3, 16. 


Character of the five generals ; particularly of Clearchns, of 'Proxenns, and 
of Menon. 

§ 1. &Sf see note 1, 2, 4. — iaroriutfiivT^s rhs Kt^dKiis. From the 
active, hmr^iuftw rwl r^v icc^oX^'^y comes the passive, hToriiufvrai ris 
r^y K€<^'fiy, the ace. of the thing being retained even in the Pass., Gr. 
§ 281, 3. Bender, having been beheaded, — » cfs is in apposition with 
crparriyoL fi4y, the correlative 94 occnrs § 16 below. — dfiokoyov- 

ft.4vms 4k wdyruy^ by the admission of all ; the constmction of 4k irhrrmv 
seems to be determined by 6iioKoyoviJi4vw5 (which contains the notion 
6fio?ioyo6fi€yo5) rather than by 9<(|as, having seemed, which would take 

wwru For 4k denoting the agent or doer, see note 1, 1, 6. r&y . . . 

4x6yTcoy, those who were familiarly ac^ptainted with hm ; cf. 1, 9, 1 ; axnov 
depends on 4fiir€tpuSf by the same principle that the a^ective ^fiwcipos 
takes the gen., Gr. § 273, 6. (e.) — kcH woXtfuKhs kcH <l>t\oir6\€fios 4oxd'- 
Tus, both shitted in war and extremely fond (f war. Cf. the similar word 
wo\4fuoSf "hostile ; woKtfiiKSs is defined § 7 below, and tfuKorSXefMS § 6. 

§ 2. w6K€fios, the Peloponnesian war, which conunenced 431 B. C, 
and ended in the spring of 404 B. C, three years and a half before the 
death of Clearchns. irap4/jt.€y€y, he remained, L e. among the Lacedae- 
monians. rohs "EXXriyas, the Greeks who occupied the Thracian Cher- 

sonesns ; cf. 1, 3, 4. U§ply0ov : Perinthus was a city in Thrace on the 

Propontis ; it was afterwards called Heraclea and is now called Eregli. 

§ 3. fjitrayy6yT€5 was, having in some way (or for some reasons') changed 
iheir mind, tfya, away, i e. away from Sparta. *I<r6/(ov ; the isth- 
mus of Corinth, since that alone was commonly called ^IcdiUs without any 

qualifying word. 4vrav9a imparts additiomd emphasis to the member 

of the sentence before which it stands ; cf. 1, 10, 5 ; 3, 4, ^5. — o^k^ti, 


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300 VOTES. 

nfi hnffeTf no more as lie liad prerionaly done when ho remained (§ 2 irap4» 
/itrfy) faithfnl to Sparta. 

§ 4. rdy rcXc^y, nom. r^ r4Xafiy the maffUitxUes, meaning particularly 
the Ephors. — ^ Itcio'c so. fivptovs Saptucohs SoSvcu. — iXXp yiypainw^ 
hcu been described eUetckere ; a mistake on the part of Xenophon, since 
neither in 1, 1, 9, nor in 1, 8, 3, nor anj where else is anj thing said on 
this point 

§ 6. awh . . . XflVM^i'^y 5 ^» ^^^ ^^ ^'^ • • • rdxoifs, 2,' 5, 7. — i,xh 

ro^novy ah eo tempore, inde, Kiih. l^cpe kc^ ij-yc ; so in Latin ferr^ 

and agere^ the former heing predicated pn^rlj of movahle effects, the 
latter of cattle ; hence when nsed together thej mean, to rob and plunder 
taterl^. They take as object in the accns. either the conntry or the inha- 
bitants. — xoKcfiuy heytyerOf cC iorBiojrrts 9t€yrpfotrro, 1, 5, 6. 

§ 6. BffTis, see note on otrwts, 2, 5, 21. -^ i^6yy see note 2, 5, 22. 
— — - Hare iro\€fi€tyy under the condition that he may carry on war ; 6r. 

§ 841, 8. (d), Cf. 5, 6, 26. Sxnrtp eJs ircuJocci, just as if upon a 


§ 7. rairp, adverbial, t» this respect -^— wayraxov wdyresy cf. note, 
1, 9, 2. 

§ 8. &s Ztfyarliy . . . cTxci^y <u much as possible with guch a character as 
he possessed; ix is nsed somewhat like ftW, § 5 above ; koI before iKelyos 
as also before &XAx»f in the next sentence cannot easUj be translated into 

English. &s ris Koi &XAx»;, cf 1, 8, 15. — — — ain^ is ethical dat, Gr. 

§ 284, 8. (10.) (d.). — i/jt,iroifi<raij to impress upon. &s . . . KKtdpxVt 

that Clearchus must be obeyed; K\€dpxv ^^^® ^ mnch more ezpresave than 
thongh he had said simplj avr^. 

§ 9. iK rov xctA-eirbs tlyat, from the fact that he was austere, or simply, 
by being etc. j x^^^h ^^ Gr. § 807, 4. — — Spay arvyy6st repulsive in 
appearance ; for the construction of the infin. dpay, see Gr. § 8Q0, Rem. 10. 

air^ /jt.€rafx4\€iyf cf. 1, 6, 7. M* 8t€ more emphatic than 

iyiortf as oM cTs is more emphatic than oiitts. — yy^f»Vi ^*'*^ jvdg* 
ment, considerately, in opposition to opyy, -^— arpar^C/iuTos . . . ^€\os, 
cf. 1, 8, 11. 

§ 10. tipoffay^ cf. note 1,^, 2Z. ^pvXoKhs 4>vX^ciir, Gr. § 278, 1. 

In English we should say, to keep guard; cf. 5, 1, 2. -»— iptk»y k^^wBai^ 
to refrain from (doing injury to) friends. 

§ 11. ainov hKoieiy, to hear to him, to obey him ; Gr. § 278, Rem. 18. 

ff^ZpOf implicitly, c£ <r^tpa w§i$o/i4yots, § 18 below. — - iy rois 

vpoa^ots, in his looks. The plural of Tp6a»iroy, used of a single perscm, 
is chiefly poetical. 

§ 12. Tplbs Awovs, so. ffTparrryois. itpxofUyovs agrees with the 

subject of &Ti^ifai. For the aooos. instead of the dat, cf. note on Ao^^rro, 

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BOOK n. OHAP. YI. 801 

If 2, 1. Bender, mJ it vxu pemUUed (to the addien) go awa§ to »erve 
under other (generals). — 9i4K€trro wphs ai/rSy, were ditpoeed towards 
hitn ; Hitntp . . • HMotkoKov, It ia to be hoped that boys nowadays will 
not understand this comparison. 

§ 13. Kol yhp oZvy of. note 1, 9, 8. Terciyfi4yoif sc. Tctptiyai ainf, 

— iirh rod 8ci(ir0ai, sc Kar^x&iMvoi^ adhering to him from the fact that theg 
were in want, -^— ir€i$ofi4you agrees as predicate with the object of ixp^^ f 
these persons (those described in the former part of the sentence) he made 
use of db^/ing (him) implicitly. Ct woXtfil^ 2, 5, 11. 

§ 14. r^ . . . arparuircuy lit. the things making the soldiers with him to 
he ttfe/VJ. — rb , . . (pofitiffBai abrois^ the fact that they feared etc 

§ 15. oh fid\a = ^Kurra^ a very common litotes. hft^l rk wtrrif 

icoKTO, cf. note on ^^i^ robs 9urx^ovSf 1, 2, 9 ; see also § 80 below. 

§ 16. fvOhs /jL€ipdKiop t&y, cf. tbBhs ircuSc; ivrts, 1| 9, 4. — TopylcUy 

a celebrated sophist and rhetorician from Leontini in Sicily. ISwKf 

. . . hpy^pioy ; in order to obtain instraction from him. *A(>y6ptop 9di6yai 
riyi often means, to receive instruction from any one ; cf. Symp. 8, 6. 

§ 17. ovyeyiyero iKelytpf had associated with him^ i e. had received inn 
stnictionfrom him. So tnryyiyycoBai riri is not unfreqnently nsed ; as also 
in Latin esse cum aiiquo. ^— - rots irp^ois, the frst, i. e. the most distin- 

guished men. evcpytrwy (particip. of tbtpyer4u)y cf. the construction 

of hK€^6fAeyoyy 1, 9, 11. 

§ 18. rocoirwy . . . c^9pa, hut while desiring so many things intensely. 

— a3, on the other hand, &ytv dt toi^wv, but without these^ i. e. with- 
out justice and honor. /i^, supply mentally the idea ro^wy rvyxd- 

y€ty ; the position of fi4i renders it particularly emphatic. 

§ 19. 4avT0v objeciive gen. dependent on cu8», respect for himself. 

iK^ly^ = avT^f except that iKtty^ is more emphatic. Cf. note on iutlyov, 

§ 20. ^ero . . . SoicctV . . . ^iraiycty, and he thought it sufficient for botng 
and seeming (to be) competent to command that he should praise etc. 

§ 21. 8i)Xof ^y iwiOvfA&y, cf. 9fiKo5 ^y ityi^fityoSf 1, 2, 11. HtBoirf 

iUriy, poenam dare^ give satisfaction, i. e. suffer punishment, c£ 4, 4, 14 ; 
5, 4, 20. 

§ 22. &y for ravra &y. rh abrb ry . . . eliw, the same (thing) with 

the being stupid, the same as stupidity. Cf. 4y ravr^ ro^ois, 3, 1, 27. 

§ 28. Voi^y depends on iirifiov\e^o»y. koI . . . Kareyiha implioi 

that he was afraid of the enemy. r&y ovy6yTwy wdyrcoy depends on 

Karayt\&y but must be supplied mentally (in the dat case) with 8i€A.^ 
yero : he always conversed with his associates as if he were making sport of 
them all. 

§24. rh r&y ^IXcty^ (he (possessions) (f his friends. -~^~ fiSyos, an 


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802 NOTES. 

acytinct of the sdbjeet of €tB4pai, cf. Gr. § 807, 4, he supposed thca he alon€ 
(L e. he espeddlly, he letter ihan any body eUe; Hert redden lUvos^ mu$ 

omnium maxime) knew etc tv^ particip. instead of infin. after tlZivai^ 

a verbum sentiendi ; Gr. § 810, 4. • &^^Aaicra belongs as a predicate 

to t4 r&y ^(,, because they were not guarded ; see Gr. § 246, 8. (b.) 

§ 25. The antecedent of Z<rovs, namelj wdtrras nnderstood is the object 
of i^fittrOf and with this object &T\iirfi4vovs agrees. 

§ 26. T9» i^tnraray 96veur6ai ; r^ belongs to HvturQai^ in the ability U^ 

deceive. -^— irXcCcrcHrtfai from irXc((r<rc0, an expressive word. rwv &irai* 

9ci^«y, connected with cTvot, partitive genitive. — — xoi . . . icHiffatrdaL, 
and those persons with whom he attempted to excel (to occupy (he foremost pHace) 
infriendshipf he thought it necessary to acquire by calumniating their best 
friends. ZtafiiKKtov instead of Ztafi&KKovra^ by attraction of the sabject 
o£ f cro jnst as though Zwf were not expressed. Examples of this sort 
are not uncommon. Cyrop. 5, 2, 17, M t^ airtp oXovrai Setv ^p6vifMi 
jcal fjifrpioi ^peffBau With robs wp^ovs supply from the foregoing ^i- 
kl<ff those who are first in friendship, i. e. their best friends ; roWovs, object 
of ierii<raff$au 

§ 27. r^ . . . wap4x€eOi depends on ifitixavaro, he contrived to rea- 
der etc. •— ^- iK rov . . • abroTs denotes the means. • ebepyeoUity icar^Xe- 

yePf he recounted it as a bes^ficent act that he did not (5rt . . . obx • • • ) etc. 
So KariKeyey is commonly understood ; but ErQg. inteiprets it thus, he 
spoke against, he spoke with complaint of his beneficent conduct in that he did 

§ 28. *ApiinCinrv, cf. 1, 1, 10, and 1, 2, 6. — *Apial<p depends on 

oiKeUraTOs, ^9cro, sc. *Apuuos. — -^ abrhs 8^, but he himself L e. 

Menon. yey^wvra (particip. from yeveiAoo), having already arrived 

at manhood; agrees with ^apinrav. The disgusting vice here alluded to 
is described in the Epistle to the Bomans, ch. 1, verse 27. An uglier 
portrait than that of Menon has seldom been drawn on a smaU 

§ 29. ireKOtt\K^s obn inriBaye, sc, M4ywy, iuroTfiriOeyres rhs Ketpor 

\ds, cf. § I above. &s belongs simply to xoyripSs not to Xf/erat. 

§ 80. Koi ro&ru, lit. these also, is most conveniently rendered by the 
Eng. word likewise; c£ Ktd Tolrovs, 1, 1, 11. eis^iXlay, in respect 

to friendship ; i. e. for a vfont of fidelity in their relations to friends. 

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BOOK m. CHAP. I. 803 


''Oo'a vapckfidifros riis ffwotf^ fiaa't\4»s koX Tur<rwp4p¥cvs hroKtii4iBn 
wphs robs ''LWriyas iwtucoXovOovrros rod IIc/KratoD orparr^nofros. — Hostili- 
ties between the PeraianB and Crreeks after the treaty was broken, with an 
account of the march &om the river Zabatas to tho Caidnchian monn- 

♦ - • 

The Greeks are in the greatest dejection. Xenophon, waking from a 
remarkable dream, rouses first the captains of Prozenus and urges 
them to immediate action. The other captains and the surviving 
generals are then called, and after deliberation in which Xenophon 
takes a conspicuous part, they conclude to elect new generals in place 
of those who were taken by the Persians. 

§ 1. "O^a . . . iiixns indicates the subject of the first book ; t<ra . . . 
TKovlMf the sulject of the second book. — iy reus inroyZcus, during the 
treaty f is to be joined with iyiytro, 

' § 2. ol arparriyoi ; not all of the generals, but those only who are men- 
tioned in 2, 5, 31. — M reus ficur, ^ptuSf cf. note 2, 4, 4. — — On iJ<roy 
(and the verbs in the following clauses dependent on iyyoo^/jiwoi)^ see note 

on the construction of iffrparor^c^ero, 2, 2, 15. k^k\<p is not always 

to be taken in the strict sense (cf. 1, 5, 4), hence it is often joined with 
ndyrj^f or irorraxy. ^— ■ aroAAi and iro\4fnai belong both to $Oyri and 
x6\€iSy there were around them on every side many both nations and cities 
(that were) hostile. When connected nouns have a common attributive, it 
is expressed with each only when perspicutity or emphasis requires ; othbr- 
wise it is expressed but once, and agrees in form with the nearest Loun ; 

cf. Gr. § 242, Rem. 4. iiyopdy, cf. note 2, 3, 24. fi{>pia (rrddia : 

i. e. by the most direct route ; by the circuitous way in which they had 

come it was considerably more ; cf. 2, 2, 6. viKwvrtSf in case they 

should be victorious. rirrdofUUj I am vanquished, is regularly used for the 
pass, of yiKdw, 

§ 3. dxiyoi, few, not a few ; it belongs to iyyooifieyoi as an apposition 

of the part to the whole. tls, cf. note 1, 7, 1. tA BirXa, lit. the 

heavy armor, by meton. the place where the heavy armor was stacked, 

hence the encampment ; cf. 2, 2, 20 Myxav^y, sc. &y, happened to be. 

The particip. is often omitted with rv7%f£y€iv, especially in relative clauses. 


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301 K0TE8. 

— » -nrpldmv . • • va<8«r ; notice the aBjiideton. Cf. note on 6(nws ic.r J^ 
2, 4, 28. 

§ 4. abr6s is intennve (as always in the nom.) ; it belongs also to the 
snbj. of yofii(€Uf rather than to that of ipri ; thns, whom he said that he him* 
tdf deemed etc. ■ Kpttrrv, better, of more value, agrees with Sp which 
relates to K6p^, 

§ 5. fi4i, lest, or that, the notion oi fearing being contained in droirre^ 
o'os. fjAi . . . yeyMai, that the becoming a friend to Cyrus might be 

some occasion of accusation on the part of the city, — trt introduces the 

reason ; because. ffvfjiiro\€/iria'ai ; particularly during the last jeara 

of the Peloponnesian war. 4\06tn'a, see Gr. § 807, 2. Cf. XafiStrra^ 

1, 2, 1. 

§ 6. &y is repeated ; cf. 4, 6, 13. r^y My, accns. of cognate 

meaning, Gr. § 278, 2. kaX&s wpd^as, cf. note on irpd^ctay, 1, 9, 10. 

-— ^ ^€01$ instead of ^tous ; an instance of inverse attraction. For the 
response of the oracle, see 6, 1, 22. 

§ 7. ob stands before rovro instead of iip^ra, because the points in the 
antithesis are oi rovro — &AAA . . . rovro . . . ; ct note on ob, 1, 4, 5. 

rovro regularly refers to what precedes; but when an exegetical 

clause (introduced b j trt, &s, or as here, in the form of an indirect ques- 
tion) is added to it, then it has reference to what follows. lr4oy itlvat, 

that he must go ; Gr. § 284, S, (12.) ffpov &om iip6/iriy, aor. of 

ipwrdsf* ' 

§ 8. ois ikyeiXty, sc. ^tffBau —^ — bpfJMy r^y &y» My, to set out on the 
march upward, accus. of kindred ngnification ; cf. t\9oi r^y My § 6 above. 
— evyeardOri (from avylimi/u), was introduced, 

§ 9. ovfjixpobOvfiuro, joined in soliciting, ^— • $ri . . . kirowiii^tiy, A 
clause introduced with %ri or iis is occasionallj by anaeoluthon finished 
with an infinitive instead of a finite mode. Cf. &s , , , xapaiBdio'uy, 7, 5, 8. 
iT€iBiuf rdxurra, as soon as. — eU TlurtSas ; cf. note 1, 1, 11. 

. § 10. ^Sci, sc 6 np6^9yos. 9/m»$, nevertheless, i. e. notwithstanding 

their fear and unwillingness. ot iroAAo(, the most (of them). Some 

according to 1, 4> 7, left the army at that^time. 9i* aUrx^yny tcai &A,- 

A^Xctfv K.r.\., from a feeling ofsJiame both towards one another etc. ; &\X4- 
?^y and K6pov are objective gen. ; ct note on iaurov, 2, -6, 19. 

§ 11. ihryov Jutx^y (from Tioyx^ytt) ; for the government <^ 0iryov, see 

Gr. § 273, 3. (b.) (7.) l5o(€i^: an instance of asyndeton, such as is 

very common ; when a sentence more fully explains what the foregoing 

expresses in general terms ; cf. 4, 8, 8 ; 4, 7, 10. wcuray, sc. d^ 

oiKicw : it seemed that aU the house. To corre^ond with the foregoing 
personal construction, Hio^ey . . . oicnirr6s, a thunderbolt seemed, we should 
have here waoa, all the house seemed. Cf. 1, 4, 18, 496Keu 


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BOOK m. CHAP. I. 305 

§ 12, &nrycp9i) (from ftvcye^pw), was aroutedj awoke, — »§ ixiv . . . »§ 
8c, Ml one respect , . ,hutin another respect. — Ihttv f^o^ty he seemed to 
see, it appeared to him in a dream that he saw, — /4^ oh ^^airsy lest he 
should not he ahle^ is to be connected with i<pofiuTO. 

§ 13. 6voi6v ri K,T.?^ But of what import it is to have (lit to see) such 
a dream^ it is permitted to discover etc. — wp&roy fi^y ; the correlatiyc 
clause is ix roh-ov § 15. — cIkSs ; iarl is regularly omitted with this 

adjective. M fiatriKu, c£ 1, 1, 4. — — rl ifixoHdv, sc. iari^ what is 

in the way^ what hinders ; this question is e<iuivalent to olUkv i/AWo^y ; 
and hence it is followed hy the two negatives /i^ oh, which according to 
the English idiom we render simply that, 6r. § 318, 10 ; of. fiii oh, 2, 8, 
11. imh6trra5f having lived to see ; cf. 7, 1, 30 ; 7, 6, 81. 

§ 14. Btws IC.T.A., hut how we shall defend ourselves etc, ^|rfy, cf. 

note 2, 6, 22. iroiav riXuciay ; see Introduction § 1. 

§ 15. ^K ro<frov, cf. note 1, 3, 11. tvhpts^ cf. note 1, 3, 3. 

ofhe . . . ol?T€, neither . . . nor ; ohZ4, not even. hfietSf sc. ZivoffBt 

KaOtiZeiy. iv otois i<rfi4y, in what (dangerous) circumstances we are, 

§ 16. }ir}\ov Sti although written in two words is often employed as 
an adverb, in the sense manifestly ; and is not unfirequently introduced in 

the midst of the clause ; cf. § 36 below. TpSrcpoy . . . Tpiy, cf. note 

on vp6o'0€y , . . trpiy, 1, 1, 10. oh , , , i^tipifyay (from in^yw), did 

not declare, &7«woi}^€6a (from hywvlCu\ Gr. § 117. 

§ 17. hipitcOai, to he negligent, to yield, M fiatriKci, cf. note on 

M TV, 1, 1, 4. Ss is causal, since he, or, from him who ; it introduces 

the reason for the question, " what do we think we shall suffer f " koL 

rod , . , Koi rov ; the repetition of the article and also of the conjunction 

gives more prominence to each adjective. Kal T€0yriK6Tos Ijdri, even 

when already dead. This in the mind of a Greek would greatly heighten 

the abuse. Cf, Herodot. 7, 238. t^v x«f>o > '^^ ^c^uly, 1, 10, 1. 

Tjfias subject of vaOuv, Regularly when the subject of the iufin. is the 
same as the subject of the governing verb, it is omitted with the infin. ; 
Gr. § 307, 4. Here however it is expressed and also stands first in the 
sentence as being the emphatic word; Erug. and Hert. are inclined to 
consider tho construction an anacoluthon, the sentence commencing as 
though it should have ended with voirjo'cu ahrSy instead of vaBeiy ; — on 

improbable explanation. iarpare^o'afiey 9h k,t.\, ; an independent 

sentence joined to a relative clause. Bender, who made an expedition 
against him etc. — &s , , , voiiicroyrcs, cf. note on &s, 1, 1, 2. 

§ 18. dip* ohK , , , ixQoi, iDovld he not have recourse to every means ; hc\ 
way iXBeTy = irdyra voirjcrai at the end of the §, and in § 35. — alKtod- 
fieyos implies both ignominy and suffering : rh, tEOXo-ra alKiodfityos, having 
insulted and tormented us to the last degree ; rcb iffxora is the object of cukuF' , 

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306 KOTES. 

rod orp€pr€v<rtu ic.r.X. depends on ^fioy, ^ 4k€(p^, ct im 

ficuriKti, § 17. irovnT4ov^ see Gr. § 284, 8. (12.) 

§ 19. Zta9t^ii^vo5 . . . txoi9P^ considering in reqtect to4hem how exten* 
tive a country and what tort qf a country they pasesaed; a^&y depends on 
the following relative clause considered logically as a nngle word. — - 
Xpvchy ?i4f without a repetition of the relative Zo'ov ; as in § 40. ^s &^ 
fjMs fi^y . . . iO^fiMs 94 : not its iMfjMs 94. — — 4a9^a^ like Latin vestis^ 
Eng. apparel, has a collective signification. 

§ 20. tir6r€ iy0vfio(firjy, whenever I considered. The c^tat is here 

iterative ; cf. note 1, 5, 2. Bri . . . ovUeyhs ii/juy fitrttri, that we shared 

in nothing of etc. ; Gr. § 273, 3. (b.) 5tow, the means with which $ gen. 

of price ; Gr. § 273, 2. (c.) ffSciy Uxovrasy Iknew that few 

longer possessed etc. opKovs . . . ripuis, sc. Ildeiy, I knew that our oaths 

restrained us; voplCetreai with its complement depends on kot 4xoyTas, — * 
iylore qualifies iipofiovfinv, 

§ 21. ravra tA ityaOdj these good things (above enumerated). — 20Aa 
is a predicate : as prizes. Supply roirwy before &r6T€poi, (for those) 
whichever party of us etc. The allusion to their national games would be 
very inspiring to the Greeks. 

§ 22. aifTo^s, thenij i. e. the gods ; ixiopKeTy ^toius is analogous to 

oixy^yai ^toh, Gr. § 279, 4. ray ^cQy SpKovs, cf. 2, 6, 7. woXd 

qualifies fielCoyi : cf. 1, 6, 2 ; 3, 2, 15. 

§ 23. iri 94, furthermore ; cf. 3, 2, 28. fx«/*«' • • • ^X^/J^fv 5* icai. 

In anaphora, fx4y is generally wanting when the second member has tk 
Kol ; when the second member has only 94, /i4y is commonly expressed 

with the first. ^^X"! '^^ <^c£a.«^9 cold and heat. The plural is used in 

Greek denoting what had been experienced at different times and in dif- 
ferent degrees. aity roTs ^edis, with the assistance of the gods. The 

frequency and the apparent reverence with which ^en. refers to the gods 
are worthy of notice. ol &y9p€5 is here spoken of the enemy. 

§ 24. &XAi belongs to fi^ ityafx4yco/jL9y, hut since others also are probably 

considering these things, let us not etc. irp<Js, Gr. § 298, 2. (c.) 

•icapaKaKovyT€s, like ovyicoXov/icy, § 46, is future ; Gr. § 117. — tow 

i^opurjoat depends on &p^»fji€y, Gr. § 271, 4. tpdtnrrt : for a similar 

asyndeton, cf. XufAw, 6, 5, 21. 

§ 25, 4yd>, <Ht, fifitTs, and I/acTs are often much less emphatic than ego, 
tu, nos, and vos. Kriig. — «-> oirJiky . , • i|^Mclay, I do not allege my age as any 
excuse ; cf. § 14. ip^Ktiy is chiefly poetic. 

§ 26. ^y fioiwtd(uy rp ifwyy* olros 5* etxty, instead of the simpler 
and more oonmxon form of expression fioMTid(»y rp <p«yj sixty, Cf. note 

1, 9, 14. &\Xm xus . . . ff : cf. § 20 above. irtornplas ^ twx««'» 

thai he could obtain safety, u 96yaiTO, sc rhy fiuriK4a vuffou 


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§ 27. /xcra^h ^woXafi^Vf nUerrujOing (him) in ^ midst (of his xemarks). 
-^— obJih . . . o{t94 (is far more emphatic than ofire . . . oCre), not even . . . 

nor indeed. radr^ robots, in the tame place tnth these, C£ note on 

ilfuy, 2, 5, 89. For an explanation of the allnsion, see 2, 1, 8. — /i^ 
f^oyii<rasj having become proud, -^ iw\ ro&rtp^ on account of t4t#, — ^the 
death of Cjtos. 

§ 28. rl obK htolviatVy what did henotdo^ egresses in the form of a 
question the same idea as iriirr^ hrolri<r9 in a direct form. Cf. § 18 above. 

§ 29. alrots, i. e. rots UipffOLs, implied in ficuriXx^s expressed above. 
Cf. note on ol 94^ 1, 10, 4. — oh vw . . . ZivairrtUy are they not now, the 
wretched men, though beaten . . . , unable even to die ; being prevented, as 
he seems to imply, from putting an end to their existence bj their being 

bound. KoX /xdx^ . . . ipmyrcs roCrov, even though passionately longing 

for it, roWoVf i. e. rov iiroOayny, — ircUiv is comm. understood as 
qualifying irel0€ty . . . t6vTa5 ; Grote however understands it as qualifjring 

§ 80. fx^rt . . . T€, cf, note 2, 2, 8. irpo<rl€<rdaif to be admitted'^— 

tls rabrh iifuy abroTs : for the construction, cf. iy rahr^ robots § 27 above. 
-— ^ hp€\ofi4yovs and &ya$4yras agree with ii/juis understood, the subject 

of xf^0^(u* &s Toioi^y, as such a person ; one on whom they had 

placed baggage (jTK^hi &ya04yra5). 

§ 81. ro&rtp . . . riis Bourrtas wpo<HiK€i ohZ4yf there belongs to thisfeUow 

nothing of Boeotia,^ Gr. § 273, 8. (b.) (7.) i/ji^Srcpa . . . rerpvmt' 

fi4yoy, having both ears bored. For the construction, cf. note on iiror/iif 
04yT€5 rhs kc^oXcCs, 2, 6, 1. The practice of boring the ears was regarded 
with abhorrence by the Greeks ; and as belonging only to the barbarians. 
Koi ctx^y O0TWS, and so it was. The Greeks discovered this on ex- 

§ 82. oix^tfo, wa^one ; otxoH-^ and fJKu though present in form are 
perfect in meaning. 

§ 88. rh wp6<r0€y r&y BrKuy, the front of the encampment ; the place 

where the arms were stacked ; cf. note 2, 2, 20. On iy4yoyro and 

ii/i^l robs k.t.X^, cf. note 1, 2, 9. fi4<rai y6icT€Sf cf. note 1, 7, 1. 

§ 84. KoX abroTs <rvy4K0€ty, both to come together ourselves ; abrois in 

apposition with ^fiiy, iwtp , , , iifiasy so. HKefas, the very things which 

(you said) to us also. 

§ 85. ravra fi4y has nothing properly corresponding to it in what fol- 
lows ; since with fifiiy 94 a different turn is given to the sentence from what 
would have been suggested by ravra fi4y. SiiXov 8t<, cf. note § 16 above 

§ 86. fjL4yurroy . . . Ktup6y, a most trnportami opportunity, ——- Mfiovst 
•c 6yras, 

§ 87. ttrus in courteous language was used by the Greeks even where 


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808 NOTBS 

no actual donbt existed. — Mkcuof, cf. note 2, 6, 41. — ^ 6/uU . . . toA 
ruVf thai we surpass them somewhat. -—^ i/juus . . % ifJMts : the anaphora 
without fi4y and B4 is far more emphatic than with these particles. * 
XfyfiMMTi : the officers received higher paj than the common soldiers ; cL 

7, 2, 86. — — To^uy depends on #vA.coyeicT€?r€, Gr. § 276. 1. &|iovr 

. . . ainohj it is hecoming that you consider yourselves etc 

§ 38. c2 . . . hvTUiaraaToB&ffufi if you would see that instead of those who 
have perished, . . he appointed; tictas after iirifie\4ofAat, fiiXei and verbs 
of similar meaning, is more commonly followed by the fht. indic.; yet 
here we have the subjunct. and in 1, 8, 18 ; 2, 6, 8; 7, 7, 44, the optat. 
— ^ &s ffvv€X6vTi ciTCiV, to speak hriefyj to comprehend all in one word / 
properly to say it when one has brought the whole together into a small compass. 
With ovyf\6yTi we are not to understand X^y, but rather the dat of a 

person. See Gr. § 284, 8. (10.) (a.) iy 9h 8^ . . . wayrAtnurw, but 

above all in military achievements ; supply mentally &y€v yiip . . . yiyovra. 

§ 89. ixeihhy 8i ic.r.A. , , , ^y koX fc.r.A., but when you shall have etc 
• . . if you will also etc. For lev with the aor. subjunct., see Gr. § 255, 
Bem. 9. — — xcCvv iy Koip^, very seasonably. 

§ 40. i$6fi»s h4y cf. note § 19 above. -——Jxit^vy, ct note on Uyruy, 

1, 4, 12. 5, Ti : cf. note on rl, 1, 8, 18. -^ Scot ri : sc. xpn^^^su with 

which rt is connected, as 5, n with xp^o-airo. 

§ 41. ri Teltroyrau Recollect that xeUroiuu from wdax«f takes the 
accns. ; but xetcofuu from irc(0w, the dat « 

§ 42. 7j . . . iroiov<ra, that which achieves etc, is the subject of iarbfj 
and is fem. on account of its proximity to ia-xh. It is easier in rendering 
it to follow the Greek order, that it is neither a multitude etc. . . . which 
achieves etc. — — &s M rh iroKOyfor the most party generally. — — ov tixov' 
rat, do not receive, i. e. the enemy do not sustain the attack of such 

§ 43. fiaoreiovci : a word chiefly poetic, which however Xen. employs 

several times. in wayrhs rp^ov, by every means, at all events, (ijy 

(from Cd»), Gr. § 137, 3. ro^rovs is the antecedent of 6v6crot 94, as 

ofiroi ii4y is the antecedent of bvSffoi fi4y. fiakKSy wvs . • . iufuKyov- 

fx4yovs, in some way rather (i. e. more firequently) arriving etc SidP/oi^ 

ras, living, agrees with ro^ovs, 

§ 44. avro^s, is intensive, should not only be brave men ourselves but etc 
— irapoKoXcty, sc &yhpas iiyaBohs etyat, 

§ 45. ro<rovroy . . . Za-oy, in so far . , . as, ^ABriytuoy cTvoi, sc. o-c, 

that you were an Athenian. 5ri qualifies v\eiarovs ; ct note on 2ri, 

1, 1, 6. 

§ 46. alpeiffBe, imperat., do ye who need choose etc <ruyK9\o{^syf 

c£. note on wetpoKaXouyres § 24 above. 

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BOOK m. CHAP. n. 309 

$ 47. r& 940rra, the snig. both of filXXotro and of wtpaiyoero : (^ 1^ 
necestary husineu might not he patponed Jmt etc. -^— AapSoiv^s : firom 
Dardanus, a citj of Troas, soath of Abjdus. -^— KXccbwp was already 
arpwnry6s according to 2, 5, 37. We are to suppose therefore that the 
soldiers of Agias were united with those of Cleanor. 

CHAP. n. 

The whole axmj being called together, Chirisophus and Cleanor first ad- 
dress the soldiers briefly, and after them Xenophon haranffnes the 
assembly at considerable length and with great slull ; he condndes by 
proposing the order of march which is approved by aU. 

§ 1. Tf . . . ica(. Gr. § 321, 1. (c.) Mipaw€, intrans., cfl 4, 2, 7; 

4, 3, 9 : day tau almost leginmngio dawn, Karaar4i<rciyTcUf cf. note on 

XafiSyra, 1, 2, 1. wp&roy fUy corresponds with M ro{>T<f § 4 ; cf. 

note on vptrrov /i/v, 8, 1, 13. 

§ 2. tiit6r€ is here cansal, mnce, inatmuch at. -^— arepS/AtOa, are <ie- 
prived of^ have lost and are now destitnte o£ For the difference in mean- 
ing between this and the cognate forms (rrcp^o/icu, artpitrKo/uuj see L. & 

5. snb <rr4pofjLat, "^^ wphs 8* ^t, and besides. In Attic prose only the 
preposition vp6f is thns used without a case, L e. as an adverb ; Erug. Gr. ; 
et. Cyrop. 2, 1, 31. ol i^upl *Apuuoy, 2, 4, 2. 

§ 3. iK r&y vapivrwv . . . A0€tv, to go firth from the present (difficul- 
ties). cl 8^ /i^, lut otherwise^ L e. el 8^ /i^ koX&s yuc&tnts trucrSfjteOa. 

&AA^ . . . kwcOyfiirKtf/JiMtf, get at least lei us die noblg. oTa . , , iroi^- 

<rfiay, ^[uae utinamfaciant. 

§ 4. iwi TO^v, afier him ; cf. 6, 1, 11 ; 7, 8, 14. 8<ms, not tho 

same mBs: a man who, such a man that he. ytlrcay . . . r^s 'EXX^os, 

cC 2, 3, 18. w€pl ir\€(<rrov, c£ note 1, 9, 7. &yi the condition, 

to which this particle must be referred, lies particularly in awirai : saying 
that he would make it an object of the highest importance to rescue us (if he 
should be able to rescue us). Cf. note 1, 6, 2. — ^ abr6s (recollect that 
it is always intensive in the nom.) before i^aTaHiireu belongs in idea both 

to the verb and partidp. Notice particularly the anaphora. ifuyrp^ 

ir€{oSf see 2, 5, 27. Thus he became a ^4pos towards Cleorchus, and 

hence his offence was particularly against Z^s ^4ytos. ainoiK robots, 

by these very means. 

§ 5. fiatriKda KoOiffriyai : cf. 2, 1, 4. koX il^KOfiw koX ixdfiofiw : 

the £ng. idiom requires a fuller expression, e. g. (to whom) we gave and 
(from whom) we received etc ; cfl note on iirrpart^afuy, 3, 1, 17. — 
Kol o^ot ; tL note on kcU ro^rof , 1, 10, 18. ^Imovs : an abject 

Digitized by 


310 . NOTBS. 

in the nipeilat degree, used as a snbstantiye ; and as snch governing 
iK^iwu, Ms bitterest enemtef . 

§ 6. dXXh . . . iarorUratrrOf hit may tke gods punish tkem as they deserve $ 
i,ir6 in comp. with rlcairro denotes the idea deserved or due ; c£ itirJTovrf 
1, 2, 11 ; iiroO^ovaw, § 12 below. 

§ 7. 6p$&s ix*^i ^^ ^ *'^^ riyhtf depends on yo/iiCmv, -^— iy ro^oiSy 
in these, i« e. in his most beantifnl annor. 

§ 8. 8i^ ^HXtas Upoi, lit to ffo through friendship, L e. to he friendly ; 
8i^ vatrrhs vo\4fiov Uyai, lit to go through perpetual war, i. e. to be perpe- 
tually at foar; Gr. § 291, 1. (1.) (b.) — to^s erpcenrfohs , . , <ita wewSy- 
Oaffip, seeing the generals what they have suffered (a con^^ction called 
anticipation or prohpsis') ; in an Eng. idiom, seeing what the generals etc 
Cf. note on r&y fitipfidfmy, 1, 1, 5. *-^ erhy roTs &rXoiSt <^* ^^® ^^ ^f^ 
ro^ToiSf 2, 1, 12. — 2r = ro6T»y &, for those things which ; the gen. 
depends on Zlmiv. 

§ 9. o1wf6s, an omen. For an aoconnt of the yaiions kinds of omens^ 
see Die. Antiqq. art. Divinatio, p. 517. The omen sajs Xen. occnned 
while we were speaking vspX ccnriptas, hence it was thought to be firom 

Zens Soter. rod Aihs rod fftnilpos. An appellatiye attached to the 

name of a god is commonlj placed after the name ; and as the appellatiye 
is of the nature of an adjective, the article is either placed before both or 
is omitted with both. Hert ; cC 4, 8, 25 ; 6, 1, 22 ; 7, 6, U ; yet 6, 2, 
15, is an exception. For the constmction of appellatiyes with other proper 

names, see Or. § 244, 7, Rem. 5. etf^aoBtu depends on Hokcu 

Sirov, when or where ; it includes both ideas. Cf. Ma, 5, 1, 1. — — hya" 
rtiydrcf rijy x*H^ ^ ^''^ ^^^^ ^ hand. The Greeks yoted in all of the 
yarious ways which are common among us, by the yoice, by raising the 
hand, by ballot, and by a diyision of the assembly. For the last-named 
method, cf Thucyd. 1, 87. Raising the hand (xsiporoyla, x^H>^*^*'i^» 
hax^iporoyia, 9iax€tporoytfiy), being both the easiest and the most nn- 
equiyocal method, was also the most common. 

§ 10. ixuepicfiKao'i, have been guilty of perjury, in that they took the 
oath with the intention of breaking it : rohs BpKovs XcK^Kotriy, have broken 
their oaths, haye actually carried into effect that which they intended to do 
when thoy took the oaths. ^^— ixiyrcoy gen. abs., things being thus. -— ^ 
With €Ik6s, 9ri\oy, oUy re, used impersonally, i^irr/ is often omitted ; and' 
oftener still with hydyieri, 

§ 11. Iireira 94, That which would naturally follow these words is 

joined by an anacoluthon to the sentence introduced by ydp, &ycyu« 

liytiTKw takes two accusatiyes ifuis and robs KwUyovs. Gr. § 280, 3. 

ff^pyrai re . . , ol hyaOol, and that the brave are delivered etc. 4X0^ 

rety . , . Ilepir&y, for when the Persians came ; fAey is here a oorrelatiye 


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BOOK ra. OHAP n. 311 

of lirctra § 18. Allusion is evidenlily made to the inTadon in 490, B. C, 

when the Persians for the first time landed in Gieece. <rr^A4>, cf. note 

on irhy ry ffrpartCiMri, 1, 7, 1. hu^avioinfrwv fut. of &^ay(^fi». Gr. 

§ 117. &j . . . 'AO^ws, (u if to blot Athens out of existence agcUn / 

a^Ois not implying anj preyious destruction of the city, hut simply that it 
should again become the same as it was before it had any existence. 

§ 12. €h^dfi€yoi belongs logically to l8o|cy, as though perhaps i^niipl' 
cratrro or some similar word were used. The anacoluthon is less notice- 
able, inasmuch as both Karcucdyoity and cTxov intervene. — odic cTxov, 
had not (the ability), toere not able. The number of Persians who fell in 
the battle of Maratiion, according to Herod. 6, 117, was 6400 ; but accord- 
ing to the representation of Xen. it must have been much greater, else the 

Athenians would ah^ady have ceased making the annual offerings. 

hiroQlovffw. The sacrifices had been promised to the goddess and hence 
were considered due (&iro-). Cf. note on ixoTiffcuvrOf § 6 above. 

§ 18. Ti» (before hvaplBfjitrrov') the (well known), that. i^Adey in 

480 B. C. icai rt^re, then also (as well as in the battle of Marathon, 

ten years before). lori, Gr. § 86, 1. hXSA, hut only ; cf. 1, 4, 18 ; 

6, 4, 2. 

§ 14. oil fiky 8^: cf. note 1, 9, 13. ip& fut., comm. referred to 

^fd as a present &A\' . . . &^* o5, but there are not yet many days 

since; supply in this clause ^ifflv, which in adverbial formulas of this 
nature is not commonly expressed. 

§ 16. odrSy depends on tkxupot : Gr. § 273, 5. (e.) Hfierpoy, sc 

6y ! cf. note on fitards, 1, 10, 18. us aino6s properly signifies (says 

Krug.), into the midst of them, stronger than iirl : cf. 4, 8, 29 ; 4, 5, 18. 
— ir€ipay . . . axnuy : cf note on Kdpov Tcelpt^, 1, 9, 1. 

§ 17. fjLi/fik . . . 8<$|i7re, nor imagine. In prohibitions, fjAi is used with 

the present imperat. or aor. subjunct. ; cf. 6, 6, 18. /ietoy Ix^iy, that 

you are inferior, that you suffer disadvantage ; cf. fjieiov ix^^^ 1» ^^» ^' 

€1, that ; see L. & S. €t, II. oi Kvp^ioi, the forces of Cyrus, meaning 

of course the barbarian forces. yovy confirms the foregoing assertion 

hy an^imdeniable fact. Tphs iKtiyovs, i. e. robs ^^* rifiwy rtrrnfxevovs. 

§ 18. iyOvfiiiOrire, do ye consider. We should expect, from the fore- 
going cl $6 rts . . . &0v/ici, the 3d pers. sing. iyOvpLriOiiTw. 

§ 19. rwy lincifay is governed by the comparative degree. iroX'^ 

qualifies hr^dK^trripov ', though removed from it by several words, the 
arrangement is not tmusuaL — — fiefiriKSrcs, standing firm ; cf. Oecon. 8, 

17, where this word is predicated of a house. Stow -depends on tcw^J- 

fi€0a. kvX fi6y^, in one thing alone. irpo4xov<rty fffias : vpoix^^^ 

regularly governs the gen., Gr. § 275, 1 ; yet in Eurip. Hippol. 1366, it 
also takes the accus. ffutppoa^yn irdyras ^fp4xuy. 


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812 NOTES. 

§ 20. rovTo, at this, yix. Sri ic.t.X. ; for the conBtractioc, cf. oifB4y, 1, 

1, 8. — - Kpurrov, 8C. iariv, ats . . . i^y^pas = rohs Mpas (i^e- 

fUras txfof) oSs. For the antecedent in the relative clanse, cf. note 1, 2, 
1. — ^— ^(Tovraij see otia, Gr. § 196. — rij kavr&v i|^^ *"^ ff^futreu 
When the gender of two connected nonns is different, the article is seldom 
omitted with the second noun. 

§ 21. ir&rtpov, sc. <rK4^eur69f consider whether, — ?j, ohject of iropc?- 

Xoy, bat attracted to the case of the antecedent. iroXXov hffyupiov^fiyi 

much money, G£ the construction of Zrw^ 8, 1, 20. ^x<^rr^ agrees 

with the subject of &yttarBai, ^/aos understood. — — abrois is intensive, 
agreeing with the implied subj. of Xufifidy^ty, or that we ourselves should 
take (provbions). 

§ 22. cl . . . KpdTTWa, lit but if you know these things that they are let- 

ter ; cf. note on rQy fiapfidpw ,,.&$, 1| 1, 5. Airopov : cf. note on 

^iSc/M^arov 2, 6, 9. icai . . . iiafidyreSf and if you think that you have 

been greatly deceived in having crossed (them). trK^^aoBt, eJ: after 

verbs of doubting, considering and tlie like, the Greeks used simply c2, not 
only to denote improbabilily, but also probability^ where we should employ 

a negative : so here, whether the barbarians have not etc. ipa, see Gr. 

§ 324, 8. wpoTowrif to (persons) advancing ; Gr. § 284, 8, 10. 

§ 28. fiiire . . . tc : cf. 2, 2, 8. 94<rov<ny from BUrifitf to allow to 

pass ; c£ 4, 1, 8 ; 6, 4, 2. ohV &s : cf. note 1, 8, 21. Mwro^s i 

cf. 1, 6, 7 ; 2, 6, 13. AKoyros : c£l note 1, 8, 17. iy t§ fiaatK4us 

X^P^ instead oi iy ry x^P^ ainov : cf. the repetition of Kipov 1, 4, 12 ; 

rQy fiapfidpmy 4, 4, 21. TlurlBas : cf. note 1, 1, 11. adrol cfJo- 

fjLty, 1, 2, 19. ro^wy, i. e. r&y Tltpffuy, implied in jSeuriXcfis, cf. note 

3, 1, 29. 

§ 24. ^iMSy subj. of cTyoi, stands at the beginning of the sentence to 

give it more prominence. Uy , . . lywyf, I for my part should say. The 

particle &y suggests the condition c2 /ij^ iZeloUeiy : in place of which we 

have below § 26, &AA^ B49oiKa : cf. 4, 2, 10. rod , , , iicir4fir^€iy limits 

dfjL'fjpovSf hostages as a pledge that he would send etc. Ktd . . . y€, and 

even, cf. 7, 2, 88 ; in the next sentence, icoi . . . 76, and at least, cf. 8, 8, 6. 
&y before oTBa qualifies hrotei, 

§ 25, itWh ydpy but (I do not advise that we actually make such pre- 
paration) for, fixol, cf. note 1, 9, 10. koXois Koi fieydXais, beau- 

tiftd and stately. These two words are often united in the Greek writers, 
because the latter idea was considered an important element of perfect 

beauty. Cf. Odys. 16, 418 ; Xen. Mem 2, 1, 22 ; Oecon. 10, 2. /ii}, 

although expressed above, is repeated on account of the intervening clause. 
So el § 86 below ; Jri 6, 6, 19. ol \uro<t>dyoi, the lotus-eaters. Allu- 
sion is made to the companions of Ulysses who ate of the lotus ; Odyi. 9, 
94 eta 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

BOOK III. CHAP. n. 818 

§ 26, i^6p : cf. note 2, 6, 22. robs . . . vo\iT^otrras, those who 

now live at home (i. e. in Greece) without » fortune^ object of bfi» ; ir^v* 
viws is predicated of tovj . . . iroXirt t/oyroj. — iy$di€ KOfjuoemtyovs, 
having migrated hither, is commonly understood as rcferrin;g^ to avroTs, cf. 
note on XafiSvra 1, 2, 1. — &AAck ydp^ but (no more on this point) ,/br. 

§ 27. ^/i»y governed by arparriyj. — ^xctro, cf. note 1, 8, 2. — 

2{X^'' vapdxovo'iPj occasion difficulty. &y€ty depends on Hx^t^t Gr. 

§ 806, Rem. 10. 

§ 28. ii,vaWd^a>fA€y, an exhortation, let ut etc. — Kparovniiwp de- 
pends on h\\6rpia, Gr. § 271, 3. oW things are forfeited on Ike part of 
those who are conquered* — rohs wokefiiovs, sc. cTveu. 

§ 29. 6paT€ ydp. This sentence states the reason for the following 
(introduced by oZy § 30) ; cf 5, 1, 8 ; 6, 8, 11 ; 6, i, 8. When the reason 
denoted by ydp is thus placed first in order, ydp corresponds to the £ng. 
since, — kcU robs iroXc/x/ovf, even the enemy ; koI suggests the notion ; — 
if the enemy entertained such an opinion, how fully ought we also to be 

oonvinced of the importance of order and discipline. robs roXtfitovs 

5ri, another instance of anticipation, instead of 5ri kcU at iroX. ; c£ note 1, 
1, 6. TpMty . . . wplvj cf. note 1, 1, 10. 

§ 30. robs vvv. The position of this phrase is determined by the efifbrt 
to place the words which are antithetical near together. So also vvv ^ 
wpSffOey. T&y Tp6<rB€y, sc. kpx&vrw, 

§ 31. t^y ^<l>l<rria'0€. The first conditional clause belongs to the fol- 
Ibwing : and if you wUl resolve, in case any one shall be disobedient. The 

same airangement occurs 7, 3, 37 ; c£ 3, 1, 39. rhy . . . iyrvyxd- 

poyra : lit. thai the one of you on each occasion (jhtC) falling in (with him, 

L e. rf iLtreieovyri). obZ* M is more emphatic than obBeyi, not even 

one man, 

§ 32. cl . . . fiikrioyy so. Soica t lit. if any thing else seem better than in 
this way. There would be more uniformity in the expression by substitut- 
ing &Wjf for Ti &KKo, or else ravra for raWp, 6 lUtd^s, the common 

soldier ; cL 1, 3, 11. 

§ 38. oXs by attraction instead of &. kc^ ahrlKa, presently also, not 

timply now. itydreiyay : on the asyndeton, see note 1, 3, 20. 

§ 34. TpocZuy, impers., governs &y, what there is need of in addition. 

Ihrou = ^Kcurc Sirow, to that place where ; cf. o5 2, 1, 6. ir\€oy: 

d. note 1, 2, 11. hxtx'^liras, distant, agrees with k^ixos. 

§ 36. €l...eli cf. note on /i^, § 25. 

§ 86. 5irX«y : cf. note on rk SirXa, 2, 2, 4. riya is the subj. of 

^€t<rBai and both depend on the impers. xp4i ^ho ought to lead, whose duty 

it is to lead etc. rlvas, so. xf>4« ' 'f>Joitnov signifies a hollow ree* 

tangle (not neceisazily a square). It was the ordinaiy arrangeinent of 



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814 NOTES. 

forcet in a retreftt lihroiigli a plam cowatrj ; e^cially where thej were 

beset by cavaliy and light-armed troops ; c£ Helien. 4, 8, 4. iwl rmp 

wXfvpmp kKtniptPf iq>OH each of the sides ; one wocdd expect here iKOfrdpas, 
The pltiral seems to be used here, as also in § 87, because each side con- 

nsted of several ranks. to?* rrray/i4poUf those who have been arranffed^ 

those who have been appointed to their piace, 

§ 87. iweiBii . . . iari : he was entitled to -the post ci honor, because 
the Lacedaemonians at that time held<the hegemony among the Greeks : 

cC 6, 1, 26. T^ yvw eJyaif for the.present at least ; cf. note on r^ . . • 

dtm, 1, 6, 9. 

§ 88. &e/, on each occasion ; cfl &e/ § 81. 

§ 89. fufja4<r9» . . . cTmu, let him remember to be etc. ; if it were &p 
instead of clnu, the idea would be let him remember that he is etc. €rr. 

CHAP. m. 

Miihridates comes to the Greeks nnder the goise of friendship proffering his 
advice, while his real object is manifestly to ascertain their plans. The 
Greeks resolve to listen to no more terms from the Persians. After 
crossing ^e river Zabatas, being annoyed by the enemy's cavalry and 
light troops, they concert measures to supply this deficiency in their 

§ 1. h^icrriirav : cfl note 6, 2, 5. trov depends on hioiro (whatever 

anjf one needed) ; it is limited by tup wtptrrupf and its antecedent is the 
object o£ firreii^oerop, tits Mikoop : cf. 2, 5, 38. 

§ 2. Kip^ wurrSs : cfl 2, 5, 85. ttipovsy sc. cl/i/, which is suggested 

by fyc^, • * » ^Pi although as is often the case in ellipses the tense is differ- 
ent. The form to be supplied may also differ in number, person, and mood 

from the form expressed. Krug. r- bpiffiP : for this form of the optat., 

see Gr. § 187, 4. ical . . . Ix^* having also, etc., i. e. not simply alone. 

irp6s fi€ differs from wpbs ift,4 in that the enclitic fie is less prominent 

than the orthotone ifi4, C£ Gr. § 85, 8. &s ^iXop : it is more conom 

to repeat the preposition (in this instance wp6s) when the comparison fol> 
lows as here. ^fXof opposed to the idea iro\4fuos ; etpovSf to ^x^p6s, 

$ 8. Ixryc: cf. note 2, 8, 21. ris, (my one. The allusion is to 


§ 4. rStp TuTffo^ippovs rts oliccW. For the same position of rb, see 
2, 6, 82 ; 5, 7, 19. Oyr. 5, 4, 1 ; 7, 2, 8. Thucyd. 1, 46. But t&p rts 

oUceiup without Tur(ra^4ppovs would be only Ionic Hert. wUrre^s 

ZptKOf for the sake offdelity, to secure fidelity, i. e. the fidelity <^ Mithxi* 

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BOOK m. CHAP. III. 315 

§ 5. Iftrrc followed by eltnu (which denotes contmned existence) we 
render, whtlCf as long at ; followed by ylyyt<r0ai (which denotes the begin- 
ning of an action, the coming into existence), we render it until, ^—i 
ViKopxoy : of. 2, 5, 83. Whether they were the same person, is donbtfoL 
1 ^X^o kiru&vi ct 2, 4, 24; 2, 6, 8. 

§ 7. ^hfovro : M<0|piS<in}f koL ol ahv ahr^, — » ruv ZirXcoy : as in 8, 
2, 86. — — iS^X^cpA ^ ^' i^ucyu<rBeu : lit. a shorter distance than so as to 
reach ; in an Eng. idiom, too short a distance to reach ; Gr. § 841. 

§ 8. aiwKOff has for its subj. the antecedent of ot, 

§ 9. oSre • . . x^ph^y ^^^ ^"^^"'^ ^^ footmen (the Greeks) ahle in a short 
space to overtake the/ootmen (the Persians) in fleeing from a point consider^ 
ably in advance ; with ^jc woXXoVf compare ix xKdoyos 1, 10, 11. 

§ 10. Koi ^^yoKTCS . . • d; Toihrur$€V ro|euoKrci, even while Jleeing . . . 
bg shooting behind. So in later times the Parthians. CL Plat Crass. 24. 
inri^wyov &fia fidXkoyrts ol ndp$oi, Yirg. Georg. 8, 81. 

§ 11. ieiXns here means Sc/Xijs li^taSf (the later afternoon, evening^ as 
the words ' r^i 4ifi4p<is tKris show. For the different uses of 9c(Xi7, see L. 

& S. ; cf. 1, 8, 8. rhs k^/jms : mentioned above 8, 2, 84 ; henoe the 

article. oiihf /mAAov, none the more, i. e. no more than though he had 

remained with the phalanx. 

§ 12. 'JTtSavro : see note on iffrparonr^Mero 2, 2, 15 ; and on Iha 
change of mood (ijtimvto and uafnvpolri), cf. note 2, 2, 15. 

§ 13. iKriOii Acyerc : a brief and lively expression for rg &Xi}0c/f iyi^ 
veto & Aeyerc, in trath those things which yon say took place. 

§ 14. x<^«*» sc. tcrru. Cf. Cyrop. 7, 5, 72 ; 8, 7, 8. So in Eng. the 
verb is often omitted : thaaiks to ihe gods that etc. 

§ 15. iffov, as much as, here predicated of space : such a distance that 

neither etc. ol ix x^H'^s fidXkotrres ; same as ol iueorrurral § 7 above. 

i^ucyuaeaif to reach, often stands thus without any definite object. 

wo\^ belongs to x^P^^'^* ^'^ 6?dytp . . . p^fmros, and in a short space 

not even though a footman were feet would he overtake in pursuit a footmcm 
who had a bow-shot the start, ix... p^/iaros is analogous to ^jc voAXov § 9. 
Cf. ^jc wXelows 1, 10, 11. 

§ 16. iifius : we should expect here ^/u?y depending on 8c7^ but the 
case is determined by the nearest verb /idwo/ity, being a species of attrac- 
tion. Cf. note on npS^tyos 2, 5, 41. tr^vBovrtr&p depends on $€?, 

Gr. § 278, 5. (b.) r^v raxtorriv, cf. note 1, 8, 14. a^vZovm 

depends on tiirXjioiov used substantively. o'^crSi^ here denotes by meton. 
the stone which is flung. So in 8, 4, 4 ; 4, 8, 29 ; 5, 2, 14. The clause 
reads, and their missile is borne even twice the distance of the stones from ths 
Persian slings. 

§ 17. 9i^ T^ . . . (T^ffi^oyay, from the fact that (ihe Persians) sling 
with etc. 


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316 N0TE8. 

§ 18. a^&p depends on rbfts. wiwturrat, cf. note on iwivaro 1, 9, 

19. — — ro^y : as rlyu was just before nsed, we should expect here the 
plnral ; but in using the sing, one person is presented as an example of what 
would be done for alL abr&yf for them, i. e. the slings. For the gov- 
ernment, see Gr. § 275, 8. r^ . . • 49iKom^ to the one who is wiUing 

heing enrolled to act as slinger, ■ &Kknv rtvk MXeuuf, tipmeiking else as 
an immunity. Cf. note on iWo iMpov 1, 5, 5. This immunity might 
perhaps be exemption from the duty of acting as sentinels. 

§ 19. robs itip rivas : c£ note on rhs 94 rums 2, 8, 15. r^ KXidp- 

X¥» h Clearckus, dat of agent ; Gr. § 284, 8, 11. cb Imreoi Kara- 

ffK€vdffa»fiWf prqforefor horsemen, i e. by equipping these h<»n9es with the 
armor suitable for the use of horsemen. 

§ 20. iioKifidtrOiiffaiff were ajfproved; louyuiCsi is the common word for 
this idea. 


Contains an account <^ several days' march from the level counby in the 
neighborhood of Nineveh into the hilly region bordering on the Cardu- 
chian mountains. The Greeks are at first attacked by Mithridates 
whom they easily repulse ; afterwards, by Tissaphemes with a large 
army, from which they experience considerable annoyance. 

§ 1. rp &XX]? t tSXos preceded by the article generally means (espe- 
cially in the sing, numb.) the rest of, but that meaning cannot be assigned 
to it here. C£ 2, 1, 8 ; 6, 1, 15, where ry &XX]? means as here, on the 
next day. ^* J, at which, connect in idea with hriBoirro. 

§ 2. BMfi9fifiK6a'i, after they had crossed over; the notion of time is the 
prominrait idea of the particip. here ; so also Just above SiajSatVovo-ir, whUe 
crossing over. ■ t,p . . . \dPy : of. note on iiiy /lii 9i9^ 1, 8, 14. 

§ 8. w€tffiiYy€\ro K.r.X., and orders had been given who of the targeteers 

should pursue etc r&v ireKroffrSiv limits o^s the subject of Su^Kciy. 

^appovtri, pardcip. agreeing with to7s /inrcS<riy ; more conveniently ren- 
dered as an adv. to pursue boldly, &Sf on the supposition that, feeling 

assured that. Cf. note on &s 1, 1, 2. 

§ 4. KarctA.'t^i, sc. al/ro^s. <r<^ep96yat : cf. note on (r<^cv9ovwv 8^ 

8, 16. ieriifirive, sc. 6 (rakinyKrfis. Cf. note on iffd\wty^e 1, 2, 17. 

^0coy . . . ^fnrro, they to whom orders had been given ran towards the same 
point, i e. towards the enemy. -~ — ol 94 ; i. e. ot wo\4fuou 

§ 5. rois fiap$dpoi5, on the side of the barbarians ; dat. incomm., limit- 
ing iar4$apop and also ^X^^crar. Uri qualifies ^fiepArarov, as 

shocking as possible. — — dpap depends on ^fiep^arop, Gr. § 806| 
Rem. 10. 


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BOOK in. OHAP. nr. 817 

§ 6. qHtw wpd^arrts, hivmff fared ^tUy having experieneed such fortune. 
With oSrw wpdrrttPf compare c3 wpdrrttp etc. C£ note 1, 9, 10. 

§ 7. Aipurtrti, This appaientlj Grecian name need not occasion snr- 
prise, since the nnmeroos cities of this name in Greece are of Pelasgic, 
hence also of oriental origin. The meaning of the word Larissa is not yet 
settled, and in the present instance it is prohahlj not the name hy which 
the place went among the Persians. From its proximity to the Zah, it 
was evidently the city whose nuns are now called Athnr (= Ashnr) or 
Nimroud. Throngh the indefatigahle exertions of Layard many remarkable 
relics of ancient Assyrian sxt have been recently discovcved here, and are 

now among the most interesting objects in the British Mnsemn. M^ 

ioi : cf. note on MrjUas 2, 4, 27. — rh tZpos withont /t^y, as though 
fi^os 8' kitar6v did not follow ; cf. 4, 8, 9. rod . . . irtpiolhsj the entire 

circumference, irJdvBois K^pofdycus : cfl note on irXiyOois drrcus 2, 4, 12. 

§ 8. fioffiKt^Sf i. e. Cyrus the Elder. IjTuov k.tA. ; in this way 

certain Grecian philosophers also explained eclipses of the son. i^4?U' 

woy, sc. r^y ir6?uv. Taking the eclipse as an nnkicky omen, they were led 
to abandon their city. 

§ 9. Topd, cf. note 1, 2, 18. 

§ 10. Tphs [ry] T6\€t. If the article is the true reading, then the 
meaning is near the citify i. e. the one to which the fort belongs. — 
M4a"wi\a, This also, as in the case of Larissa, seems not to be the tme 
name, bnt perhaps a corruption of the name given in the Aramaean rural 
dialect to the region of country or to the ruins. It is very surprising that 
Xen. did not learn what we so well know from the Grecian and Boman 
writers of a later period, and from the Arabic writers of the middle ages, 
as well as £tom the interesting discoveries of recent times, — ^the fact that 
he was among the ruius of Nineveh (^ Nivos), once the capital of the old 
Assyrian empire, a city described in the most glowing terms by the Greeks 
themselves. It was situated on the eastern bank of the Tigris, nearly 
opponte the modem city of Mosul ; and was built almost entirely of 
the shelly mari>le (XiOos Koyxtf^rris) in which the ac^jacent country 

§ 11. lirh Tieptr&v : this construction is employed because ii'w<i\€aay 
riiP kpxiiv (= ^orep^Oijiroi' rris itpxvs) i« pass, in idea : — lo$t the govern-' 
ment, were deprived of the government ; cf. 7, 2, 22. 

§ 12. xP^f^Vi hf ^'"'^ ,*'-the means of subsistence being consumed by 
the length of the siege. ^—> l/ifipor-firous, mad, insane ; or as others imder- 

btand it terrified by a storm. lcU» from kfdoKOiAai : observe that all 

the parts of this verb are pass, in meaning, though some of the forms are 
in the act. voice. % 

§ 18. elf • . . <na0fi6p. The preposition is to be understood as in 1, 


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818 KOTKS. 

7, 1, smoe araOfiSs hero denotes the notion of lime. — • i|x9er* The fact 
that he went np to Babylon with horsemen is mentioned in 1, 2, 4. C£ 
also 2, 4, 8. ^x^" is to be repeated in mind, as though he had written 
Ix^^ o^f j)X(^€y ^X'"') ^ ^PP^ored with (fx<t»v) the horsemen that he himadf 
came (np to Babjlon) with (tx^\ ®^* ^ ^^ hy4fift and ifio^$€if repeat 
Uxon^ hi mind. — hnrias : antecedent in the relative danse ; cfl note 1, 

2, 1. —.. ^xoyroa, in matrimonio habentis. 6 , , , iJi€Kp6s, cf. 2, 4, 

25. — — irpSsf in addition to, 

§ 14. cTxci' • • • Karcatrrliiras is understood as a circnmlocntioii fox 

Koxicrriffw. twurBw^ w the rear^ i e. of the Greeks. els t^ irXdt- 

ytOy in the direction towards the flanks (of the Grecian army). 

§ 15. "XiciAai evidently does not belong here.-— ^-irpovdv/iciro, sc 

afia(yrdif€w iuf9p6s, oM ykp . . . P4^toy fv : because the enemy stood 

so close together. — — j)y stands without ta^, because the consequence was 
necessary and unconditlonaL 

§ 17. jcal . . . Ilepa'ucdj the Persian imjoiements of archery also, as well 
as those of the Cretans. — rois Kpiprl belongs to xp^o'i/io. — t^ to|c^ 
juara means the arrows ; rk T^|a, the implements qf archery including bows 

and arrows. 9i€r4Kovp xp^fiwoi, they continually used / so 9idy€ty 1, 

2, 11 ; 9tayiyy€<r$ai 1, 6, 6 ; 2, 6, 5 ; 4, 5, 6. ifie\4r»y ro^e^ety^ lit. 

they practised to shoot, i e. as we should say in practising they shoU — 
taw Uvres fuuepdaf, far upwards (lit. casting (sc. their arrowB)yar upward). 
This was done that they might the more easily recover them, witiuyot 

being compelled to go far from the main army. iroAAii belongs both to 

P9vpa and fi6\vfi9os. Cf. note on xoAAii 3, 1, 2. 

§ 18. fieiop ix^vT^s : c£ note 1, 10, 8. 

§ 19, vXaliTutp laiwXjsvpov, a square / c£ note 8, 2, 36. — ffvyK&wrfi^ 

bend together, i. e. approach each other, rh K4para, the wings, § 22 at 

w\€vp€d. — — 65ov o^€yoT4pa5 . • • hp4wf . . • yt^pas : these contingencies 
would now occur ; for inunediately north of Mosul the fruitful plain of 
Assyria becomes more hilly and is intersected by numerous brooks which 
flow down from the mountains of Eourdistan. '—^•.iic9\ifi€<rB€u robs ^Xi- 
ras, that the heavy-armed men are throum out of their ranks. The heavy- 
armed men in the van and the rear particularly would be thus disturbed. 
The targeteers also in the van and rear (see 8, 3, 8 ; 8, 4, 40 and 48) 
would in like manner be thrown into confusion, but the heavy-armed alone 
are mentioned because they constituted the principal part of the forces at 
the points in question. 

§ 20. iiaffx^ (from 9t4xu) is the opposite in meaning of avyK^rrw. — 
rh fi4a'ov r&v xtpdrvp, the space between the wings, 9tdfiatrty, ct note 2, 

8, 10. fiovX6itxvo5 ^BdffM TpwTOs, wishing to get over first, — • 

^h^BsTov ^p, it was easy to make an attach. The adjective jdnod to the 

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BOOK ui. CHAP. rv. 819 

impersonal ^p must be midentood as a substantive predicate. Ct vyNxr- 
fiaT6p 4, 3, 12 ; and the plurals fidffi/ia 3, 4, 49 ; fiord 4, 6, 17. 

§ 21. I| kSxovs. Three <^ these were to constltnte the van and three 
the rear of the sqnare (ir\al<rtop) ; cf. § 48 below. Each ?^x^' consisted 
of two wwrriKocyr^s (commanded by w€miKo^rrip€s), and each iremj- 

KOifris of two iyoffjunttu (commanded by iyvfiordpxBu)* iXXous ic.r.A., 

and others as commanders of Pentekosties, and others as commanders of 
Enomoties ; cf. note 1, 5, 5. -— ^ odroi 9h iroffw6fjMyoif and tohile they were 
on the march. We should expect here the gen. abs. ; yet see note on 
/Mx6fiMyoi 1, 8, 27. — * oi \oxayoi : these of course were attended by 

their companies (\6xoi)^ So also § 23. l|«9cir rwp K^pdrw^ apart 

from the roings ; L e. as we learn from Mfiwoy ff<rr9poif behind the wings. 
Hence the definition of wofiiiyoPf they made the men march of sideways^ ^ven 
by L. & S. referring to this passage, is not accurate. Translate thus, hut 
<Ae» they led (their men) dUmg behind the wings. 

§ 22. t» i$€vl/iirXMrain cC note on t» h^lXtro 1, 9, 19. rh 9i4' 

XOPf the vacant space. icotA xSxwSf with companies of a hundred men ; 

so arranged that the lochus constituted but a single file of a hundred men 
deep. Thus there would be six men abreast, narii vcrr., in companies 
offfty ; so arranged that each company constituted but a single file of 
fifty men deep. Thus there would be twelve men abreast icar* ivmyk.^ 
in companies oftwenty-fve men ; so arranged as to form a single file of each 
company. Thus there would be twenty-four men abreast, and they would 
consequently fill a vacant space in the line of the square (rh 9i4xov) four 
times as large as the companies of a hundred. 

§ 23. iv TV A*^f>«, in their turn ; cf, 7, 6, 86. ti, in any respect ; 

it may be rendered perchance, — — rris ^Akaefyos depends on irov, as an 
adv. of place : and if perchance occasion required it (p4oif sc roWovs hri" 

mpfivai), these were at hand (ready for assistance). roirtp rf rpiir^ 

applies unquestionably not alone to the next four marches, but to those 
which followed. This thought was in the mind of the writer : in this 
manner they continued their march without meeting with any thing worthy of 
notice in the next four stages (ErOger). 

§ 24. c79oy fiao'l\€i6v ri i they beheld a certain royal structure. This 
was seen from a distance, being situated on an eminence of the foremost 
range of the Eourdish mountains. This range extends westward to the 
Tigris. It is now called by the Kourds Tscha Spi ; by the Arabs, Dsche- 
bol Abjad. Both signify white mountain. (Cf. §§ 80, 87, where it is called 

6pos.) rov ipovs, the mountain, i. e. the one in sight directly before 

them ; hence the force of the article. — tfffiwoi. Cf. note 2, 1, 16. 

^2B. iis . . . hyafi., as if to etc -, ct note 1, 1, 8. rhv mpop = 

rhv Bt^epotf (cf. § 28). (fiaXXop . . . M^woy. Notice the asyndeton. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

320 NOTES. 

These three verbs denote the different modes of discharging mlarilea.' 

namely with the hand, with slings, and with bows. lirh fuurrlyctp 

(Gr. § 299, 1. (2.) (c).), under the lash ; being constantly sconiged. The 
Persian government ^sorted to this means of making the slavish people 
fight welL Cf. Herod. 7, 21, tapwrtrov Mt iMfriywv^ they dvg under the 
kuh, spoken of the army of Xerxes at Mt. Athos. In other passages also 
Herod, mentions the same practice. 

§ 26. *EXA.^ywy, used adjectively. So regularly names d nations with 
nonns denoting persons. Cf. Adxtcva 5, 1, 15 ; "EXXtivts 6, 5, 26. — 
iy r^ ix^Vt o^ong ihe aUendanls of the army ; within the square of heavy- 
armed men. 

§ 27. 6irX7rai tvr^s. The particip. expresses the notions of time, 
canse, and condition. Here the notion of cause is the prominent idea, and 
it may be rendered, hecaiue they were heavy-armed men, 

§ 28. ravri must not be confounded with ravra,, wph . • . Miyor 

yov instead of hyaydyoity (until they should lead up) ; the construction 
hrlryuyov is as though ohK iKtyfiffotf instead of ft,ij KweTy had preceded. 

§ 29. ol ToKifuoi : the first denotes the Persians, but the second, at 

the end of the §, denotes the Greeks. krorftriOelrja'ay, This form of 

the optat. Sd pers. plural is much less common than the termination -cTck. 

Gr. § 116, 7. It occurs again § 86 below, and 4, 3, 21 ; 6, 7, 20. 

abruVf the Persians. 

§ 80. jcoT<£, along, over, Gr. § 292, H. (1.) (b.) ol B4: the tar- 

geteers § 28. 4xiTapi6yT€s : passing along on the mountain in a 

direction parallel to the main army and at no great distance from it ; cf. 

6, 8, 19. els Tcis K^futs: mentioned § 24, hence the article. 

larpo^s : doubtless the same that Cyrus had previously employed. No 
doubt in Greece itself the necessity of surgeons connected with the army 
had long before been learned. 

§ 81. Koi EfAu adds another reason ; hence = Koi '&fM Uri, and at the 

same time because. ry aarpaTtioyrt, The satraps had to provide for 

the troops in their own satrapy. Cf. Cyrop. 8, 6, 3. Oecon. 4, 6 and 6. 

§ 82. iLir6fiaxoi, away from the ranks. Three classes were not in a con- 
dition for fighting ; ike wounded, those who carried the wounded, and those 
who had taken the armor of the persons who carried tfte v^oimded. 

§ 33. iro\h . . . Bi4(f>(pfy , , , ii : it was far otherwise than ; or In our 
idiom, it was a very different thing to etc., from (what it was) to fight etc. 
^K x<ipas 6pfi', rtuhing out from a fixed position, Cf. iK X^ppotrfiaou 6pfu 
1, 1. 9. 

^ § 84. rov *E?<\riviKov depends on &«■<•, and trra$i»y on fitioy. — ^ hri" 
e&yrai : cL note on learcucJi^ 1, 8, 24. 

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BOOK in. CHAP. IV. 321 

§ 85. ittmip^ : cf. note on ^/Scpttraroy 2, 5, 9. — its M rh iroX^ t 
tL note 8, 1, 42. — »- rov . . . ^c^ir lytica, cl : to t^ md that they mag 
notjiee, i/*etc. The constraction ia eUiptica], and we may supply mentdly 
ZfKtp t» yivotro, which very iking would take place if tic, ; cf. 7, 8, 16. *— — 
^i . . . MpL Instead of the dat the accns. would bo the common con- 
straction with 9ti, ^^^ ^poKurB^trra agrees with the sabject of iumfiiivat. 
For the change from dat to accns., cf. note on Xa06rra 1, 2, 1. With 
this whole passage, cf. Gyrop. 8, 8, 26 and 27. 

§ 86. ZueffOJuoiUvovs^ that ihey were passing along the word^ i. o. to de- 
part. —— ^ iie^pv^i the herald proclaimed, Cf. note on MlKwir^t 1, 2, 17. 

§ 87. jcfld odro/ : et ipsi, cf. § 4^ X^p^^ ^tf^liov , , , $, a place 

on the right hand above (the way) where, iueptiyvxtcVf in apposition 

with x<»P^* """^ ^povf , cf. note § 24. — 6^* Ijv: under which is an 
inadeqnate translation, since it does not express the notion oi direction or 
extension contained in the accns. case ; Gr. § 299, HL (1.) In German, 
it is expressed by unter dem kin, — > vcSW : the small level yalley be- 
tween the first range of mountains (cf. note § 24) and the principal range. 
Through it flows westward a tributary of the Tigris called Chabur. The 
same valley is meant by the expression iy r^ wtditp 8, 5, 2. 

§ 88. ovpd : agmen extremum, the opposite of ar6fixi (§ 42) agmen 

§89. iifi^^ dat incommodL Gr. § 284, 8, Bern. 4. roi^ovs, 

these men, i. e. those by whom the eminence had been preoccupied. 

§ 40. ^pufMy defenceless, — ir«y, cf. note 1, 7, 2. ris : inde£ one, 

some one. As the reference was of course to themselves, the idea would 
be better expressed by the English we, — &TCX9 : for the form, cf. note 
on iX&yra 1, 8, 10. 

§ 41. a^ov is intensive ; lit above their own army itself, i. e. above their 
very army. So ipse in Latin : e. g. Caes. B. G. 5, 48, sub ipso vailo ; B. 
C. 8, 19, ad ripam ipsam fluminis, ■ kaurwv, L e. the Greeks. — — 
fio^\u : for the three verbs which regularly take this form of the 2d pers. 

sing, in the Att dialect, see Gr. § 116, 11. fiivt , , , wopt^vi one 

would expect to find with these words 0^ fi4y as the proper antithesis of 
iydt 94, KrOg. and Hert say in explanation that the words iyif Hi were 
not contemplated when fi4ye and leop^v were uttered. It seems rather 
that Xen. by giving such prominence to iy^ 94 would indicate his own 
entire willingness either to go or to stay ; cf. 7, 8, 86. 

§ 42. tiT^y : an asyndeton like 4, 1, 20, and 4, 8, 6, where an answer 
follows immediately after a question or a proposition containing the sub- 
stance of a question ; and where the verb or partidp. stands first — of, 
dat firom oZ, governed by er^y in composition with W/i^ai ; ol the article 
is a proclitic, of tho plural of Bs (the relative pron.) is always ortfaotone, 



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of tiie dat is an enclitio. -^-> /uucpbr fp, k wtu a Vmg Htkmee ; i. e. to« 
long a distanoe for the time allowed them, since their plan required the 
utmost dispatch. 

§ 48. rohs hieh tow or. ir. ; cC rohs ix r&v ir6\9WF 1, 2, 8. — — robs 
Tpuucoaiovs . . • r&p hciKiKrmv ; these were half of the six companies men- 
tioned in § 21. 

§ 44. l^uAAoo^M M rh AxpoWf to vie (with the Greeks) in the attempt - 
to reach the tummiL 

§ 45. 7iuuuKwoiU9«0P I cf. note on x^vrorrcf 2, 1, 6. 

§ 46. wvw • • . yvy : tL note on ifius 8, 1, 87. — d^y Aoir^y, se. Mv, 

§ 47. o6ic li tiTov . . . 4ffii,49^ toearenotOH eqwdfooting* xakae&s 

qualifies ^pmp^ 

§ 48. KoXUi cf. note 1, 8, 16. tx^Pj wUh (it; i. e. the shield of 

Soteridas). — — • b^tpuKa . • . rhp linruc6p. The hreast-plate of a horseman 

was heayier than that of a footman. €£ Pint Philop. 6. Mir/wf, 

to lead dowlif on. ■ rots . . • hro/i4pois, €ind those behind though foUomng 
(those in front) vith difficulty, topaea along hy (him). 

§ 49. b 94 f kulhe^i. e, Xenophon. — iuwfidst sc. M rhp Tnrop. — 
fidffiiM . . . ifiarOf sc ry Tmry. Cf. note on eitevlOrrop 8, 4, 20. — 
1iy9P is often used ahsolutelj as here the accus. being omitted ; he led (his 

men), or simply he took the lead tpBdyovcty , . . iroKffdovSf they 

fipaie the enemy in arriving etc. ; cf. 5, 7, 16. 


rhe Greeks being still harassed by the Persians amve at a point where 
the Carduchian mountains reach tiie Tigris, and hang precipitous over 
the river. After considerable deliberation and diligent enquiiy from 
the captives, they resolve to attempt the passage of £e mountains. 

§ 1. ^yoBmp here denotes the means of subsistence. Cfl 8, 1, 20 ; 4, 
6,27; 6,6,1. 

§ 2. lecU ydf (cL note 1, 1, 6,) explains the reason why the Greeks 

woe dispersed in the plain for plunder. 9M^fia{6fJi«patf lit while being 

transported over, i. e. while their owners were transporting them over ; it 
is to be connected with KaT€\'^^t07i<rap as a predicate. 

§ 8. ippoo^/xtpoi contains the notion of fear, and hence is followed by fv^ 

instead of Srt as in 8, 1, 2. ira^oitv, sc. at iro\4fuoi, ^X^^^t sc. ol 

"EWriPts* MOePf any place from which. C£ note on ti$€P 2, 4, 6.— — 

rh iwvHi9€ut is the object of ?\afifid»oi€P, 

§ 4. dn^ffo-oy U r^i fioniOeias, returned from rendering assistance, L e. 
to the Greeks scattered through the plain and littacked by the enemy 


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BOOK ni. OHAF. y. 

(see § 2). It seems to be taken as a mstter of course that assistance 
wonld be rendeied to them, and hence the article before fionfOtias ; al- 
though no mention had preyioiuly been made oi soch assistance. (Hert) 

Korififi, detcendedf i e. ttom the monntain ; see end of ch. 4. — 

^Wica , , , ot "EWfiw^Sf when the Greeks (retoming from the atrittanoe, i e.) 
after having rendered the required aeiittance met him (L e. Xenophon) on their 

return. ot "'EAAsfFcx , i e. Chirisophns and his party, who had jnst 

been opposed to the enemy. 

§ 5. i^Umas, sc rohs ToKtfdovs, that (the enemt/) are giving up etc. It 
depends on bpwre ; for the accus. and particip. instead of accns. with the 
infin., see Or. § 810, 4. /ti^ ico/ciy . . . x^P^ ^ epezegetical <^ & : for 

what they stipulated (that we shonld not do, namely) that we should not set 
fire to the country etc. For the stipulation here alluded to, c£ 2, 3, 27. 

vv¥ . . . iJsXinplaif^ now they themselves do, setting fif^ (to the country") as 

though it belonged to another, — »- Kolown is a brief expression for iroiowi 

§ 6. fioij$eTw iwlf to march against* — &s , » , iifier4p€Uy sc. x^h 
€isifin defence o/*etc. 

§ 7. OKTivds : not properly tents, since these, accordin^to 8, 8, 1, had 
been burned ; but rather in general camp, or encampmenJf'wlnch. in this 
instance was a village (§ 1 above). So omiyeiv and oicriyovv are often to 

be understood simply to encamp ; cf. 8, 4, 82. orparriyol koH \0xa70i : 

without the article, as often when several names (particularly of persons 

holding office) are joined together. Cf. 4, 7, 26 ; 6, 6, 12 ; 6, 6, 80. 

Mtr fup . . . Mey 94, cf. note 2, 4, 22. rooovros rh fidOos &s, lit. so 

much in depth that, = so deep that firfih . . . fidBovs, not even the spears 

o/*(the pjersons) trying the depth rose above (the water). For an idea of the 
ordinary length of a Grecian spear, see Diet Antiqq. p. 185. 

§ 8. Hard is distributive, in companies ofeixi, Gr. § 292, 11. (8.) (d.) 

§ 9. iuTKuv : ct note on ht^ipas, 1, 6, 10. toAAA ic.t.\., not / see 

these many sheep etc» This would require rd before vp6fiara. Rather, 
/ see here many sheep etc. toAAA vp60ara is a predicate of ravra and 

hence the article is wanting. & itiro9ap4rra koX ^wni$4rra ; a brief 

expression for &y iar6iap4yTwv t& 94piiaTa ^vori94vra. (Hert) 

§ 10. roWois, i. e. rots 9€a'fjuns. dpfiloas . . . iurK6v, lit having 

anchored each skin, L e. having made fast each shin. idQovs . . . 08«f», 

hy tying stones (to them) and casting (these) as anchors into the water, 

Zwywy^v , . . tiioas, having conveyed (the leathern bottles) over (the river) 
and having hound (them) at both ends, i. e. on each bank of the river. His 
olject was to make, not a mere raft, but a temporary bridge. 

§ 11. /MUa ^0€0$9 (fut of oTSd), you shall know for a certainty, — — 
€|ci, will hold, wUl prevent. In this sense the fut ffxi<r» instead of e^o^ is 


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824 VOTES. 

almoft invaiiablj used. *«*rov /lii KwroBvtmif from tMcmg* For iSbi 
negative, cf. note on rh fiii KaranrerpmOfiim. 1, 8, 2. 

§ 12. rh iySvfirifui, the conception^ ihs plan; rh tpyov^ the execution. "^-^ 
ol Kuk^aorrtSf the persons that would hinder (tlie execution). Gf. the con- 
Btruction of 6 vokii^ffwy 2, 8, 5. — — rots irp^hrotSf the foremost^ i. e. the 
first men who attempted the execution of the proposed plan. 

§ 18. ir^i BafivXAva : here of course denoting only the g^eral direc- 
tion, i. 0. towards the south. KaroKaitras Mev, for they had httmed 

down those from which etc The participle is here causal, and Mew = 
ra^as i^ Stp, — ^^^ tfMtoi ^<raif ^vfudfeiy, seemed to wonder. Such a use 
of i/Mtoi liffop in the sense of i^KeaoM or ii6K0w can scaicely be found 
elsewhere. — ^ rp^ovrai and Ixomi' : for a similar change of mood, cf. 
2, 1, 2 ; 2, 2, 15 ; 4, 5, 10. *-^- Srot and rl : the indirect and the direct 
interrogative in the same constmcticm. CC iroiov and $ira»i 2, 5, 7. 

§ 14. rls kxdffrrh tc x^P^ 

§ 15. r& • . . c7i}, the regions southward belonged to the (oountzy) m the 
direction qf Babylon etc. ^ . . . ^ipoi i here we must supply, instead 

of x^P^ ^^5 : the (way) eastward would lead etc. — — ^pl(tuf and iapi" 
^€iy are to be understood in the inverse order (xuurr&s) of Susa and Ecba- 
tana ; as ^€pttky is predicated of Ecbatana and iapi{tiy of Susa ; cf. Cyrop. 

8, 6, 22. — fj hk Utafidyrif but the wag to one having crossed over etc. 

For the construction of Siogsiyrt, see Gr. § 284, 8. (10.) CC 6, 4, 1. 

2t( : for a similar arrangement, cf. 6, 8, 11. -— » JLapl^oltxovs. The same 
that are now called Kourds ; by the old Syriac writers called Kardu ; and 
by the Armenian, Kordu, in the plural Kordukh (hence perhaps the Greek 
ending -xoi)* By the later Greek writers the countiy itself was called 
KopSovijt^, KopSoin}!^, and also Top^voda, 

§ 16. fiaffOUws QVK iuco^€iy, did not hear to, L e. did not obey the king, 
Gr. § 278, Rem. 18. — ififiaXuy . . . arpartiy : this clause is gram- 
matically coordinate, though logically subordinate, as though it were 
ifi$a\o^ffris . . . ffrpariaSf with the omission of ^4 after ro^wp. It would 
then read, but even on a certain occasion when a royal army of twelve myriads 
had made an incursion among them, no one of these returned etc. CL note 1, 

9, 14. — »- ivifuyyivat, depends on l^off'ay ; it is here used intransitively 
(cf. note on ovyLid^euuf 2, 1, 2), in which sense hrifiiywwrBai would be more 

common. <r^v and iK€lyup, partitive genitives, dependent on iri-^ 

fuyy^yaif and not only that some of themselves transacted business with the 
Carduchians (jiKtivovs), but also that some of the Carduchians QK^lvmv) engaged 
in business with them ; tr^wy and iauro^s being reflexives refer to the per* 
sons speaking, and thus remove the ambiguity which would arise from tlM 
use of so many pronouns in our language. 

§ 17. Ijcojrax^c cIS^mu, thai «% knew the wag w everg dw wti auL 

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BOOK IT. CHAP. I. 826 

T«^ovf, i •• robs Kap9o^ovs, — — l^ao'oi', «c ol iaXmc6m, (7%« cap- 
<u;e<) affirmed that (the Greekd) havutff pasted through these etc. 

§ 18. rijs &pas depends on hm^fUca^ at the very hour vhen it should seem 
expedient. •*— - r^y {ncepfioK^p r&p hpittp here denotea thepHacefor crossing 
the mountains, the pass ; in 1, 2, 25, it denotes the act qfcrossmg. We haTO 
here in the constmctlon another instance of anticipation ; c£ note 1, 1, 5. 


*0(ra 4p tJ vop^f^ tJ /k^xP* ^^ j^rfXarror r^y ip t# £d|c(i^ n^yr^, 
Koi &s M TpaireCovpTOf viKtp 'EXXi}W9a, h/^Uopro, ^pX &s hv^Bvtrap h 
ed^at^o (Tcn^pia d^eip %p9a vpwrop els ^tXlop yrjp iuffUcotpro, — ^From the 
entrance into the Gardnchian conntiy to the sea. 


Karrative of several dajs* march among the Carduchian monntauis. The 
Greeks suffer severely from the ruggedness of the country, from the 
assaults of the Cardnchians and from the severity of the cold. They 
are at last shut np in a deep valley, while the only apparent egress is 
occupied hy the harhanans. 

§ 1. i<ra . . . iwoKefi'iOii vphs robs ''EXXi^yos, what hostile measures were 
adopted against the Greeks etc. 

§ 2. tpBa = ^Kcurc Ma, to thepktce where. We may also in English 
omit the demonstrative hefore the relative adverh : when they arrived where 

the river etc. irdpo^s, passage along hy the side (of the river). i»<^ 

TOjMX . . • iKp4funo (from KpefAdypvui), hung precipitous etc. 

§ 8. T&p oKurKopiivwp = rwp iaKwK6T»p,from those who had been taken, 
from the captives. Several verbs in the present, besides their 'proper signi- 
fication, have also a sort of perfect meaning ; as <^€^ya, ^Jl^t ^^ ^ ^^ ^^^ 
ished ; vucSt and Kparu, I conquer, or / am conqueror ; riTr&fuu, I am being 
conquered, or / am conquered; &9mc», / do injustice, or / have done injustice, 
am HJ^iKos ', so also aKiffKoyMi, I am being taken, or less frequently / am 
taken. KrCig. Spr. 63, 1, 3. irtpdaai, {they might go around}, cor- 
responds in construction to itafi^o'opTcu, since el/xi has a future significa- 

tion. fio^/iuprai: cf. note on i^ fi^ m^ 1, 3, 14. riy miyiti 

iK^yero elvai : a construction not less common than al mjyai i\4yopTO 
etpou Cf. 1, 2, 12 ; 1, 8, 6. o^ wp^ats rod Tiypnros is an inacciirate 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


fonn of ezpresaion instead of 06 irp^« rmp rov Tiyfurros^ as is yeiy com- 
mon in comparisons. See note on liKiierpw 2, 8, 15. xal • . • l^op 

and it is thus. Xen. had jnst spoken of it as being reported (iK£yeroX 
and he adds ii is really thus* oSrvs tx*^i ^ ^^^ (y^f) ^^j ^ ^ *^*^ 

§ 5» r^y rc\€vra/ar <^\auc^. The Greeks diTided the night into three 

watches, the Romans into four. Scop . • • vcS/oy, lit. as mitch as that 

they might pass through the plain in the darkness ; i. e. in an Eng. idiom, so 

much that they might etc. eKoraiovs^ cf. note on trKoraioi 2, 2, 17. 

&W : cf. 2, 5, 32. iarh vapayy^^^ws, at the word of command. The 

signal was not given in this^instance by the herald or by the trompeter, 
lest it attract the attention of the enemy. 

§ 6. rh &/i4>* airSp, that (part of the army) around himself, i, 6^ his own 

men* ixurBo^^Xa^tp belongs as an attributiYe to irjUrau, with the 

heavy-armed men who guarded the rear, /iij, that, lest; kIw^wos in the 

preceding clause implies the notion of fear. vopwoiUimv gen. abs., 

while they were going ; cf. Uvrtaw 1, 4, 12. ^— - Mavoiro from i<f>4wo/MU, 

§ 7. &e/ is to be connected in idea both with ^(irero and with jhr€/>- 
fidxxoy : and that part of ike army constantly crossing over (the snmmit) 
followed on continually (after Chirisophos) etc. 

§ 8. ywaiKas . . . veuBas : without the article ; so commonly, cf. 1, 4, 
8 ; 6, 8, 1 ; 8, 1, 8. — rf ir»j, if in any way, or expressing what is im- 
plied, to see if in any way ; cC § 21 below. iu4yai : cf. Btffioovoty 8, 2^ 

23. <t>i?das it will be observed has the position of a predicate ; Gr. 

§ 245, 8. (b.) The idea is, through the country as if (it were)yrienc%. 

§ 9. Urtp I cf. note on Zorts 1, 1, 5. — olir€ . . . MiKoxmy, neither lis^ 
tened to (them) while calling etc 

§ 10. oKOTfuoi : cf. § 5. Tiyis added to hfdyoi denotes the idea 

of indefiniteness, as we say some few ; 6?dyoi . . . 6rr€s, being some few Qn 
number). Though they were but few, they had inflicted some wounds and 
even slain some of the Greeks. -^— ^| itirpoa^oicfirov^ ex improviso, 

§ 11. iKUf9^v€wr€y ta^ Sm^, would have incurred the danger of being 

destroyed. <rvy§^puy iX\4i\ovs is understood to mean rallied one another 

(by means of fire-signals). Sintenis and Hert. with much reason approve 
of avv€fi6uy (instead of ow^pwi), they called to one another, as in 6, 8, 6. 

§ 12. ri has for its correlative koI before &w6<ra, although the last 
clause (being modified by the intervening words icaraAiWrrat rSxXa) does 

not altogether correspond logically to the first. iup^ipoi, to set at liberty, 

from iufflfifu, 

§ 18. ot M roinois tpres : those who were appointed over these (cap- 
tives), L e. to have charge of them. Cf. hr' oibrcus 1, 4, 2. iarSfjMxot, 

cf. 8| 4, 82. — — 96^aw ravra, when these things were resolved on ; accas. 
•bf. ; cf. i^y 2, 5, 22. The partioip. ^6iay is used with ravra on tho 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. I. 827 

fnmei piindple that tlie neat. ^iir. takes a yeib in the ilDg. Beddes thli 
expression the Greeks nsed 96^arra ravTa, Zo^drrmp ro^mtf, and 96^arros 
ro^mt. Gr. ^ 312, 5. 

§ 14. rf Ti : c£ note 1, 6, 1. — ^ ri , . , i^ifi4rwt whatever ihey 
/aund (that was) not gwen up of ike thtnga mentionedL rShf 9lpfii/i4imyf cf. 

§ 12. — ol 9c, i. e. the soldiers. — — •»^V «!, tmleu, iKXcif^cy, patted 

any iking (rX) ikrougk tecretlg, or bg etealihj which is the same metaphor as 
If/cXc^er. — otoVf at for example. ■ r&v winrpewmy, gen. of the whole 
(often caUed partitive gen.) limiting wat96s and ywauUs ; lit. kaving detired 
a boy or woman oftkote (that were) beautiful = having detireda beautiful bog 
or woman, — rh fi4p ri . » . rh 9h woL, partly . . . partly ; rk iiiv, though 
ploral in form, is not contemplated as sooh in idea, and hence the sing. rX 
is jdned to it ; cf. HelL 7, 1, 46. 

§ 15. %l5 : cf. note 1, 7, 1. 

§ 16. hvaxd(oyres, returning. In 4, 7, 10, &y€xdCfro, It is regularly 
deponent, the active form being (excepting Xen.) poetic. 

§ 17. wapeyyvfroy optat. imperf. of iropcTTwU. — t^€ 94, cut in 

ikit instancey the one to be related. ifpayfJM, trouble, difficulty, jls in 6, 

8, 6, and in the common formulas wpdy/iara ^x*^^* ^P^y* i^^xety ; cf. 
§ 22, and 1, 1, 11. — Tap€\$6m, to (him) in patting along, i e. to Xen. 

§ 18. AoKwyiKhs K\€^yvfios : the common order would be KAcc^y. Awe., 

Cleonymut a Laconian, BiofAwep^s els, sc ro^evOets, being tkot entirely 

through (the helmet) into etc. 

§ 19. AciFtp etxePt Jutt €u he wat, without delay (as the connection shows 
that it means). Cf. Cyrop. 3, 1, 7, eMs trope^erai &(nrep cTxc ir^s rhp 

Kvpov, &ycA^of flu, ^i^ai, sc. a^^ : to take up and bury the dead 

was considered by the Greeks one of the most sacred and important 

§ 20. hvoKplptrat : on the asyndeton, see note 3, 4, 42. — — fila . . . 
6p6ia : not, thit one way which you tee it tteep ; that would be a^ni ii 
ilB6s ic.r.X. As it stands atrn is subject, iila 696$ predicate ; with hpBla 
understand obira ; ikit which you tee it (the) only way (being) gteep, — 
iicfiaffis means a patt with reference to the idea of going out (iK^ivnv ix 
r&v hyK&w ical /jmx&v § 7) ; ^epfioK^i (8, 5, 18) with reference to the 
idea of going over ; elo'fioK'fi (1, 2, 21), with reference to the idea of 
entering in 

§ 21. ravra, for thit reaton ; so also rovro ; as B and &, on which ac^ 

count ; and very often rl, on what account f why f cf was, cf. note § 8 

above. — od ^atrty : cf. § 24, and note 1, 8, 1. 

§ 22. Ihrep, which very thing, \ e. the lying in ambush. abrov 

ro^Tou UvMicev, for thit very purpote * roirw here denotes what follows 
(Jhnts • • . xp^oi^Oa). 

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§ 28. obic l'(^, 80. mIUhu &AA9|r • . . ^ca^^iM* — < ^fitgw, rta$09u/bf 
feoTf fneant of exciting fear, 

§ 24. aln-^ dat. of posseMor, dependent on ir(rfxw^ sc ohrcu For the 
difference between the dat. and the gen. of the possessor, see 6r. § 284, 3, 
(9), Rem. 5. — * irap' &y8f>l ^icSeSo/A^yij, cnifA a Atudoiu^ (for she had been) 
given m marriage (to hun) ; inMiofiivyi is expressed to diow liiat &y8plis 

to be understood in the sense of huAand, ovri^s, he hinudf, belongs to 

the snbject of iiyifftireau 6r. § 807, 4. 696p depends on ijTi^o'cirOai 

(cognate aeons. Gr. § 278, 2) ; that he himtelf tootdd lead them hy awag 
^possible even for etc. 

§ 25. S depends on vpoicaroX^oiro. (Kriig.) It mnst be scqpplied with 
irap€\$€ty, Z, aa iB often the case with a relatiye pronoun, is most con- 
venientlj rendered by a conjunction and demonstrative pronoim : and un- 
less some one should previously occupy this, it would be etc. 

§ 26. wfXraards is to be token as an attributive ci Koxaiyois (cC note 
on hirur9o^{t}M^af § 6 above) ; hence = r&v w^Xratrrw, — thro<rr^ iBe- 
Korrfis, having offered himself €u a volunteer, 

§ 27. ^iffrarat, offers himself (tu a volunteer). Notice the asyndeton. • 
Gf. note 1, 8, 20. Observe also that the verb is sing. Of. note on Iheefi^^ 

2, 4, 16. MtMpt^^s I from Methydrium, a place iK)t far from the 

later Megalopolis. 

§ 28. TUP iihf SwKn-uy (in § 27) would lead us to expect here r&p ^ 
yv/ur^ttv raltdpX^t' *Apurr4as K,r,\.f but the repetition of ipwr&trtw ocea^ 
lions a change in the construction. yv/xyirrwp is an attributive of 

ra^Mpx^fi c£ note on ircArooTcb § 26. ■ iroAAaxov woWov : c£ note 
1, 9, 2. 

CHAP. n. 

The Greeks escape from the valley in which they were enclosed, being 
conducted by a captive over a circuitous route ; and finally reach the 
river Centrites, which divides the Garduchian country from Armenia. 

§ 1. ol U, and they} i e. Xenophon and Ghirisophus. iful>ay6rrus : 

lit. having eaten in, i. e. (as Hert. thinks), having eaten in haste. Cf. 4, 5, 8 ; 

also ifitrmv, Cyrop. 7, 1, 1. <nnnl9crrai, they agree with (them). — 

riiv vim-a belongs to ^Xiirrtiv. ^vXiirr^iv avuuilt^af, and Ihftu 

(spoken of the party with the guide), ovfifioiiOiiatiy (spoken of Xen. and 

Chilis.) all depend on avyrlOeyrau robs fi4y denotes the party with 

the guide. Hyrn tmas, heing above, i. e. after having arrived on the 

summit. wtnol, they themselves, expressed for the sake of the anti- 
thesis. Cf: note on a^6s 4, 1, 24. 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. n. 329 

§ 2. 7r\^9os : withoat the article, as it oflten the case with tipos, 
ti^Si fidBost and similar expressions. tHup i^ obpwov : the whole ex- 
pression means simply r<xin. Sometimes 08«p is nsed alone and sometimes 
with &twO€v meaning rain, — - jcol . . . x€pu6ifTtSf and that those who were 
going around (with the guide) might escape notice as much as possible (&om 
the fact that the enemj were tnining their attention in another direction). 

§ 3. %v , , . iicfialvctVf which they must cross in order to go forth etc The 
act denoted bj 9tafidtrras necessarily preceded that denoted by ixfiaiytty. 

a/ia|ia/ovy, large enough to Jill a wagon ; koX /i€l{ovs icoi ikdrrovs^ and 

larger and smaller (stones) ; i. e. larger and smaller than those described 
by afJM^udovs, 

§ 4. With ZivaivTo and iTcipwvro supply T^Kdffai. — oh9hy iwa6- 
cayro is stronger than ouk iiradff^ : theg in nothing ceased^ they did not for 

a moment cease. r€KfjLalp€ff6ai, to he perceived^ to he known; L e. the 

fact that the enemy continued thus all night long rolling down stones. 

§ 5. i)s . . . KarixovrtSy supposing they had possession of the height ; the 
height mentioned 4, 1, 25. 

§ 6. oi 94 refers here to the foregoing subject, which is common in 
Herod, but rare in the Attic writers. — — — ^ orcvi^ afhri 696s : otros can 
stand between the article and noun only when some other attributive fol- 
lows just after the article. aMOevj from the very place, from the place 

where they now were, 

§ 7. {nri^vf : cf. note 3, 2, 1. — — hr\ robs kydp^ovs, against the 

enemy, Cf. ol AyBpts 3, 1, 23 ; 3, 4, 40. oXiyoi : few / not a few ; 

few perished / for etc. ; the next clause assigning the reason why only a 
few perished. 

§ 8. iiyifMoy (from kviiidxa) khX-, they drew one another up, 

§ 9. rohs iiixiffus : toKOs in the three degrees of comparison, ^/uovs, 
and acyectives in the superlative degree, when used as partitives are most 
frequently assimilated in gender to the genitive of the whole ; Gr. § 264, 
Rem. 6. — — J»cp , . . tx'^^^^h *♦* ^^ ^^tf '^ which the men with the guide 
(had gone). ^o^urdrri, sc. 6965 which is implied in the foregoing 

§ 10. tiy iTopt^07j<ray : instead of the corresponding conditional sen- 
tence (et with a past tense of the indicative), an adversative sentence fol- 
lows (tA 9^ dxof.) ; cf. note on &y . . . ^ywye 3, 2, 24. rk 6vo(^ia is 

the subject of ^jtjS^i^ai, it was not possible that the beasts of burden should go 
out eta 

§ 11. opOlois To7s \6xoi5f vnth their companies (of a hundred men) in 
columns, or in single file. Thus a hundred men would march one behind 
another, and between the files of men there would be vacant spaces ; cf. 
4,3,17; 4,8,10. 


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330 NOTES. 

§ 12. r4ms fih : far a while ; strictly it means vptothe time deaignafeed 

by the correlatiye member iyybs V oh ic.t.X. Ikootot, in apposition 

with the subject of ii^tnrro ; we may render, where ikey HveraUy were 

aNe; cC 1, 7, 15. hy^^ • • • ^po^ritvro, hut they did not euffer (the 

Greeks) to come near themtelvee ; cf. rrpoirlwOcu 8, 1, 80. 

§ 18. iwo^aas fiif. C£ note on ipwoo^fuyoi 8, 5, 8. — icol vd\iw, 

even again, M leoKh ijy, extended over a long space. — — ire iropev^ 

fieyOf because of (i^eir) passing, 

§ 14. 6, . , 4$€}iorr»Vf the one above the guard that had been surprised at 
the fire in the night by the volunteers ; cf» § 5. 

§ 15. bw^^evor aibrohf they (the Greeks) suspected that they (the bar- 
barians) left etc This danse presents a transition to an independent con- 

straction. Gf. Zirrpd/^in<rc» 4, 7, 17. miKiopKoiwro : cf. note 6, 8, 12. 

— oi V &pa, but they as it proved, 

§ 16. ^cEyciy: cf. note 8, 4, 48.— — i^^cr^cu rcb thrXai c£ note <»i 
l#ero rk SrXa 1, 5, 14. ^—^ cTtc, told (thrnn), bade (them), Gf. note on 
I\C7€ 1, 8, 8. 

§ 17. 00-01 . . . h^UowTO : lit as many as not leaping down etc. In an 
Eng. idiom, as many as did not leap down from the rock and arrive at etc 

§ 18. M . , , fuurr^ : \6^os means an eminence, a ridge, a hill of any 
shape (used as a generic word) ; fiaffT6s, spoken primarily of the breast, 
means a round hill. Hence we may render this clause, upon a hiU over 
against the round hill ; fuurr^ has the artide because it has been before 

mentioned §§ 6 and 14. robs yeicpobs &in$rci : c£, note 4, 1, 19. For 

the meaning oOarairtiy, cf. note 1, 2, 11. 

§ 19. iif/ f, on condition that ; followed by the infin. ; c£ 4, 4, 6 ; 6, 
6, 22. Gr. § 841, Rem. 5. iv $ : in what time, I e. while. The cor- 
responding demonstratiye clause is to be understood with rrdifT^s ic.r JL 
While the rest of the army etc, (during this lime) all (the enemy) /rom Ms 
region fitcked together, ol ix ro^ev rov riwov = oi iy ro^^ ry r&ir^ 
Hmrts iK roinov avyeff , ct note on r&y rrapit fiafft\4»s 1, 1, 5. 

§ 20. Ijp^arro, sc ol *'£AXi}yes. — Ma is here a relat ady. where ; 

rh HwXm iKttrro, i. e. iv r^ S/aoX^ § 16. K€t<r0ai is in meaning a pass. 

of ^Mai (Hert) ; cf. 7, 1, 24. — ^ Ix^r t^y iurrtda, with the shield, i. e. 
canying off the shield with him. 

§ 21. Aoverieis : from Lusi (Greek AoveroC), a town in the northern part 

of Arcadia. In 7, 6, 40. Aovcndrrjs is used instead of Aointic^. vpb 

iifi^iy, be/ore both, i. e. himself and Xen. 7rpofi€p\rifi4yoSy sc. rV 

iunrlBa. Cf. 1, 2, 17. 

§ 22. abrov iv: in ihat place in etc. ; cf. note on ahrov rrapit *Af>ia/y 
2, 2, 1. The preposition is understood with iwirriSeiois, in the midst q/ 
abundant provisions, iy xdnxois KOPtaro7s: Sturz deBnes Xixitos, oeUa 


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BOOK IV. OHAP. n. 331 

vinaria, a wine cellar ; and the Scholiast on Aristoph. EccL 164. (cited by 
Stniz) implies the same idea ; tJuckos meaning, not as some have under- 
stood it a cistern which was filled with wine, but a ceUar in which wine 
was stored. For an acconnt of the Grecian mode of preserving wine, sea 
Die Antiqq. art Vinnm, and also art. Amphora, ty . . . eTxor then means 
tohich they kept in jpkutered cellars. Snch cellars, with a circular mouth 
like a large well, increasing in size to the bottom (L e. in shape a trun- 
cated cone), are still seen in great numbers in Piraeus. 

§ 23. 9t€Tpd^arro &4rr€ : negoHated bo that, xpirr^iv and voiuv are 
more commonly followed by the infin. without fiarc. Cf. note 1, 6, 2.— - 
iK Twv Huyar&y : lit according to those things which were possible, L e. ac- 
cording to their means. Utrrtp rofii(erai, sc iroi€<y, as it is customary 

(to do) etc 

§ 24. iKdiXvoy, tried to hinder; cf. note on ifiid{ero 1, 8, 1. ^-^.^^ 
oSos, like 696sy includes two notions ; it denotes either the way along bg, 
or the act of going along by ; here the latter. i6Z65 includes the two ideas 
via and iter). 

§ 25. Tpbs rh 6fnjf towards the mountains^ is explained by the clause 
iufwripw . . • KQo\v6yrQov, attempting to become higher up etc 

§ 26. iTtfi4\oyro, Notice the form ; less Sequent by far in Att than 
the contract iwifAeXovfiou Yet cf. 5, 7, 10. 

§ 27. ^y ^(^re, sometimes. Cf. note on Ijy oSs 1, 5, 7. I<rr(y (or where 
the connection requires it ^y) is prefixed to many words in this manner 
imparting a general and indefinite signification ; c£ Gr. § 331, Rem. 5. 
&OTC . . • iLirofpe^tty, so as to escape when fleeing from a point even near 
at hand. Notice the difierence between ^e^tty and &«'o^^cii'. Cf. note 
1, 4, 8. 

§ 28. rS^a. From what follows it appears that the Corduchians made 
use of cross-bows. On this supposition the clause, they drew the bow^rings, 
when they wotdd shoot, by stepping fonvard with the left foot on the hwer part 
of the bow, becomes perfectly clear. The fact that the Greeks did not use 

tiie cross-bow is no objection to the above supposition. ixoyriois is in 

apposition with oMrols : the Greeks used them (i. e. t;he arrows of the bar- 
barians) as javelins. iyayKvX&yres : by Jitting poises to them. The 

javelin had a leathern strap fastened to it at the centre of gravity, showing 
to the thrower at once the point where the javelin was to be seized, and 
also no doubt aiding in the act of throwing. (Riistow u. Kdchly griech. 
Eriegsw. cited by Hert.) ; c£ Die. Antiqq. art. Hasta. 

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333 NOTES. 

CHAP. m. 

The Greeks experience miicli diflScnlly in crossing the Ccntrites ; owing 
io the depth and force of the cnirent ; the Arminians who were ready 
to oppose them on the opposite hank ; and the Carduchians in the rear, 
who were, ready to attack them while crossing ; hnt hy the accidental 
jdscovery of a ford, and hy a series of skilful manoenvres, they get over 
the river in safety. 

§ 1. Ktyrplrriy. This name (which does not occnr elsewhere) denotes 
the eastern arm of the Tigris, which rises among the highest peaks of the 
snow-clad mountains of Eourdistan. In uzo it is fnlly eqnal to the longer 
western arm which rises near the Euphrates ; and hy some ancient writers 
it was called Tigris. The modem name is Bnhtan Tschai. Xen. gives 
the name Tigris to still another tributary, the northernmost of the three, 

now called Bitlis ; cf. 4, 4, 3. Afffievoi : cf. note 2, 1, 16. iiv€ix^ * 

cf. note on Ijy 1, 4, 6. — rwv KapZo^x^^y limits hp4wv, 

§ 2. fAiiKa ifiiws, very gladly. The reiEison for this is given in the two 

following participial clauses. iroAAcC, many times, often ; it qualifies 

upfiftovfiotrr^s. — tea, sc IhaBov : lit. they suffered so many evUs as they 
did not even (suflfer) all being put together from the king and Tissaphemes. 
In an Eng. idiom, they suffered more evils than ail which ihey experienced etc 
— &s : cf. note 1, 1, 2. 

§ 8. xoh prepay, somewhere bn the other side, implying that their exact 
position was not very distinctly seen. 

5 4. *Op6vTov : the satrap of Armenia 8, 6, 17. MopSt^fiot, Peraan 

Mardhunija, i. e. the manly, apparently an appellative which may have 
been given to different Persian tribes, as was the case with Mdpdoi, i. e. 

Men. ' Xa\8aiOi seems to be originally the same as KapBovxoi, but to 

denote here that northern tribe who were also called XdKvfies and who 
dwelt among the mountains near the S. E. coast of the Euxine. yc/yo, 

rectangular shields of wicker work. 

§ 5. &<nr€p x«<po*'o^t7^<'^} J^^ asifue. apparently artificidl, 

§ 6. ^^/> r&y fuurr&y, above their breasts ; fi«urr6s is here used in the 

primary sense. oUrt corresponds to ri after M, Cf. note on /u^rc 

. . . W, 2, 2, 8. c2 9k fi'fi instead of cl 8^, as often after negative state- 
ments ; cf. 7, 1, 8. The idea is in full, but if any one did hold his armor in 

the water etc. The clause M . , , ZxXa is placed before elf ris to give 

it a more prominent position ; cf. note 2, 4, 6. yvfiyol (spoken with 

reference to the shield), unprotected, exposed ; cf. ^^iA^k 1, 8, 6. It is in 
the plural, together with iyiyyotrro, because of the collectivo meaning of 
f Is. — oZy is introduced here with a slight anaooluthon, as though the 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. m. 888 

preceding member were independent and not introduced bj ^c(.-— ~ 
abrovf on the very tpot^ where they were. T^th a6rov leapi, ct a6rov iw 
4, 2, 22. 

§ 7. |y6a (relat. ady.), where. — iroAXo^y is here a predicate, many 
in number. 

§ 8. I^^cr : cf. note 8, 1, 12, and on the asyndeton 8, 1, 11.— ^r 
WSaiff : we might expect here simply xiZats^ wkhfettera, but ir W^wf is 
more common. — o^oi 5/, sc. l9o|dK. — ^- le^pipmivai^ to fall off-from 
around him, ZuLfiairMUf iv6eoPf to ttep aefar at. 

§ 9. KokSts icevihLL, that it would he well. Adverbs instead of adjeo- 
tives may be joined with clycu and yiyveeBoA when these verbs do not sim- 
ply nnite (as a mere logical copnla) the subject and predicate but when 
they contain within themselves a predication. —^ jca2 &$ rdxtora, and at 
toon as ! cf. 8, 1, 9. — ws twi^atveWf morning began to dawn ; cC 8, 2, 1. 

M row xp6rou, sc. UptioVf at the first, or in full on the sacrifice of the 

first victim ; cf. 6, 5, 2 and 8. 

§ 10. ahr^ limits Tpo0'cX0e7w One might expect the accusat here 
instead of the dat ; yet see Gr. § 284, Rem. 2. — — kc^ ipiffruyriy both 
while breakfasting etc. — hre^lpwra, sc. ^{c/i} ru^ it w<u permitted that 
any one having awaked him etc. Ct note on \afi6rra 1, 2, 1. — — — txot^ 

sc tlTUV. 

§ 11. KoL r6Te, and on that occasion, or as we should express the idea, 
and so also on that occasion, introducing a particular illustration of what 
had been stated in general Cf. 1, 8, 23; 7, 1, 83, and in a similar way 
KoL vvv, 1, 6, 28. — — ~ &s is often prefixed to prepositions, denoting inten- 
tion or purpose, (frequently also a pretended purpose) ; cf. § 21 below. 

— aln6w : cf, note on tanov 3, 4, 41. — Hinrep, just as if apparently. 
§ 12. Z6^ai depends on ll\eyoy above. — ov9^ . . . touto, for it wcu 

not possible for the enemy's horse to approach at this point. Cf. note on edcir/- 
Berov 8, 4, 20. — - i^s vewro6iievoi^ as if about to swim, expecting to swim. 

— ^lafialytiv, they proceeded to cross over; Ziafitivaif they crossed over; Gr. 
§ 257. — - xp6a'0fy . . . xply • . . olSoio, before the water reached their loins. 

§ 18. KsH . . . MXevef and gone orders (to his attendants) to pour out 
(wine, i e. to fill goblets with wine)ybr the youths. hv^ipofra : the plu- 
ral is here spoken of the single dream mentioned in § 8. This usage is 
conmion among the poets. The plural, says ErQg., directs attention to 

the several parts of the dream. koL . . . hrirtX^oai depends on eHx^ 

<r€ai : that they would accomplish the remaining good things also. 

§ 14. erov^ds, libations. So 6, 1, 5. 

$ 16. <rr^ioc. The more common construction would be aroZluyf 
and it was a distance of about four stadia. Cf. note on hpyud, 1, 7, 14. 

§ 17. teevro rh ftrXo, they grounded their arms ; cf. note 1, 5, 14. — - 

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884 NOTES. 

dnrMs, having taken off (the outer garment\ so as to be less encumbered ill 
the stream. Grote for reasons not yerj satisfactorj, understands rhv cri- 
^awor after itrMs, — irop^TTcXXc, so. crrt^atwcofAhfovs Jcol &iro5^ar 
XofifidFtuf rjk IhtXa. This wa« in accordance with the Lacedaemonian 
cast<Hn. Ct Plat. Ljcnig. 22. Xen. de Repub. Lac 13, 8. koI iitfiiva 
AoK^aifiowiw hm^damrov ^tveu. — — hpBlovs : cf. note 4, 2, 11. 

§ 18. elf rhv iKorofUv : cf. note on «!; hnelZa 2, 2, 9. 

§ 19. iufiiXdXa(o¥i cf. nste 1, 8, 18. 6\o\^w is nsed chiefly of 

women, and chiefly also on joyful occasions. (KrQg.) 

§ 20. iiyk Kpdros : cf. 1, 8, 1. rhy . . . ely, the one opposite ihepass 

which led (up) among eta ; cf. § 5 above. 

§ 21. iff ifp6s^ apparently for ; c£ note § 11. — trtivovj contendebanif 
they hattened. 

§22. A^Kios: cf. 8, 8, 20. Aitrxirrisi cf. 4, 8, 18. ifi6w. 

cf. note 1, 8, 12. — — fiii &ToXc/Tc<r0af, not to he left be^nd, t e. behind 
the enemy. 

§ 28. KOfrdj along / cf. 3, 4, 80 ; 4, 2, 8. riis xpo^Kowras 6xOas M 
rhv leoraiUvf the high haiike extending to the river. The more conmion 
arrangement wonld be rhs M rhw xorof/hw Tpo<niKoitras 6x!^as, Yet com- - 

pare the podtion of /uurr^ 4, 2, 18. robs liy» : cf. § 3. — a^lffw, 

see Gr. § 302, Rem. 3. 

§ 26. hcfiiiw 9i4fieu¥e, toere just now crossing over, xap^yyttXc . . . 

^dkeeyyosj he gave orders to the Lochagi that each should form his lochus into 
enomotieSf having led the enomoty towards the left so as to form a phalanx. 
We xnnst understand that the lochi were in colmnns, and that, when 
divided into enomoties, those enomoties in the rear were marched forward 
to the same line with the foremost enomoties, filling np the spaces that 
had existed between the columns, thus forming an unbroken line, i. e. a 
ph^anx. On ciceurrov and 7rapayary6yTas, cf. note on Xe^vra, 1, 2, L 
' xap* iunriSaSf towards the lefty the shields being carried on the left 
arm. — M <pdKayyos, in the form of a phalanx, so as to form a phalanx ; 

cf. 4, 6, 6. ^p^s, on the side towards ; cf. 2, 2, 4. ohpaffo{fs ; the 

article is to be supplied mentally from the foregoing. The first man in 
each enomoty (beginning at the right of the front line) was the enomo- 
tarch, and the last man in each enomoty was the uragus (p{>pay6s). Thia 
place therefore was filled by a person of more competency than an ordinaiy 
soldier ; see Die. Antiqq. p. 484. 

§ 27. rohs 67rurdotp6\aKas . . . ^ufoiUvovs, the rear-guards left without 
the camp-fdlowersy and (on this account) already appearing few (m number'). 
With rod 6x^ov ^i\ofi4vovSf compare h^/tKovro . . . r&y linrinv 1, 10, 13, 
It does not seem natural to make rov 1^%^^ depend on hvurOo^lXoKos as 
some explain. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


§ 28. itaficdpopTos : cf. note on i0td(rro 1, 8, 1. abrov M, cm tk* 

§pol where they were upon etc. Ct note on avrov irapi 2, 2, 1. ^^adro(, 

ihey themselves, i. e. Xen. and his men. itforrtovs . . . ififiaipeof, that 

thejf should enter (the riyer) at the opposite bank, on both sides of Xen. aid his 
men (jtnft&y). For the use of this reflexive (jr^v), see Gr. § 802, Bern. 8. 
— — >8ti77icvX«ju^rov9, having passed the finger through the thongs of their 
Javelins ; cf. note 4, 2, 28. — irtfitfiXrifidyovSf sc. r& ro|c^/Mtra M reus 

pevpais (c£, 6, 2, 12), having placed the arrows on the bowstrings, Tp6a'» 

rod TTOTOfMUyfar in the river. See Gr. § 278, Rem. 4. (c.) 

§ 29. a'^ep96ni ; cf. note 8, 8, 16. Koi iunls ^o^f and a shield 

should ring, being hit by a missile from the enemj. rh voXmiuiUv, the 

signal for attack, — - M 96fw, to the right ; cf. too* iavlias § 26. 

§ 30. ^voCvylonf and the following genitives depend on 4iri/it\iie'6fieyoh 
to attend to. 

§ 31. &$ . . . Uay&s, for a mountainous region sufficienUy etc 

§ 32. rhvayrla^ in the oppMe direction. So in Hell. 8, 4, 12, rkyamii 
dnro<rrp4\^ heopeltero. 

§ 83. ai<r$6fi€Poi, having become aware (that the Greeks instead of par- 
sning had saddenlj tnmed and were crossing the river). 

§ 84. ol bwarrfitrayres, those who had come to oppose (the enemy), i e. 
the targeteers etc., mentioned §§ 27, 28. Troppwr^pw rod icaipov, far- 
ther than was proper. So in HelL 7, 6, 13. 


They march several days without difficulty through Armenia, pass the 
sources of the Tigris (cf. note 4, 3, 1.) and reach the Teleboas. Here 
they make a treaty with the satrap Teribazns, who soon shows himself 
to be faithless. 

§ 1. iwoptiOria'av . . . yri\6<f>ovs, they proceeded through Armenia over a 
plain wholly level and (after that) over smooth hills. TeBioy and y7j?^^<pous 

Sre accus. of space after l-Kopt{>Qr\ffav. Gr. § 279, 6. -k^BIov Sixauy 

altogether a plain, i. e. a plain wholly level ; cf. 1, 5, 1. 

§ 2. Kiitunv : antecedent in the relative clause ; cf. note 1, 2, 1. Ren- 
der, ButthevUlage into which etc. ^ ripfftis: perhaps for the defence 

of the inhabitants, during the marauding expeditions of the Carduchlans. 

§ 3. Tiyprrros : cf. note 4, 3, 1. It is surprising that Xen. says nothing 
in this place of the passage over the Taurus range of mountains, which are 
somewhat lofty and which separate southern from middle Armenia. See 
Introduction § 7. ^— Ti^XciS^ox. This must be the stream now called 
Earasu which flows westward through the high plain ol Musch and 


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336 NOTES. 

emptiet into the Euphrates. The Greek-aonnding nune given it by Xen. 
is probablj a oorraption of the common Annenian word Telmot, which 
denotes a sluggish marshj stream. 

§ 4. iKoXtiro : cf. note on ijr 1, 4, 6. — fhntpxos apparently = car 
TpdvTis, so that, while Orontes was the general satrap of Armenia (8, 5, 17)^ 
Teribazns would be satrap of the eastern part — — WiSoAAcu', assisted 

§ 5. cTrcy, said, i. e. gave orders to say ; a common idiom. C£ l^r)rc 
1, 3, 8; 2, 8, 17.-: MiKoori ct 2, 6, 88. 

§6. ^^' $1 cf. note 4, 2, 19. — *-» a6r^f : nom. with infizL Gr. 
§ 807, 4. 

§ 8. x^'^ rroXX-fi : this may seem surprising, considering that they were 
in the 89th degree of latitude ; but it must be recollected that the eleva- 
tion is about 4000 feet above the level of the sea (Koch, der Zug der Zehn- 
tausend j cited by Hert). — cfl»6cy, in ^e morning ; strictly, /rem the 
(beginning of) the vwnwng ; cf. note 6, 8, %, 

§ 9. /cpern, ammaJls for daughter ; c£ Oyrop. 1, 4, 17. On the asyn- 
deton, ct note 2, 4, 28. — ^ rwy iaro<rK^iannfft4yay rwis, some of those 
who were scattered abroad. 

§ 10. ^9<^jc€c ZtaiBpidCsiy, it seemed likely to he fine weather, to clear up ; 
tuuBpiiiiafy like teiv, and rc/^civ, is used without any definite subject 
The preposition (Sia-), as in the Latin disserenascere, has reiferenoe to the 
breaking up and dispersion of the clouds. 

§ 11. dT\9Tos is chiefly poetic. — — iufioraoBat depends on the noun 

iKVos, Cf. <l>6fios errpartiuv, 2, 4, 3. KwroKtifieyay, gen. abs. — — — 

iL\€€ty6v : cf note on ipofiep^arov 2, 5, 9. — > Sry fiif 'Kopappv^iri, to 
(every one from) whom it did not flow off, 

§ 12. yvfiySs : cC note 1, 10, 3. rls icol &XXos, a certain other one 

also ; not one and another. — iuf>€?i6fi€yos, sc. t^^k i^iyrir which idea is 
readily supplied from the clause trxiinv I^Ao. — ixfilovro, anointed them- 
selves ; to make their stiffened joints limber. The Greeks were also acctia- 
tomed to anoint themselves when vexy weary. 

§ 13. xp^fffM is the generic word for ointment of any kind ; lulpov is 
specific in meaning, afragramt ointment. ^— xiKp&v, sc. hfiarfidKup which 
is suggested by the adject iiyivy^AKivov. 

§ 14. {>wh . . . i^lZotray, were punished by the open air, i. e. by being 
obliged to encamp in the open air ; ^Ixfir 4dl9o<rav, has the force of a pas- 
sive, hence the constructiou with 6x6 and the gen. 

§ 15. Tefieyirnyt from Temenus, a section of the city of Syracuse, 
But as Xen. would have been more likely to say Svpcuc^tnoy, it is not un^ 
likely that we should read here Ttifiwirnw, from Tri fUvtov in Argolis. (Hert) 
— — o/ itTO<rK€9atn^/ieyoi I cf. § 9. — » &Xi}9cv0'ai, to report Imi^. •— • 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. V. 387 

T^ fA^ tvra &s odic Hvra : the first Hvra is hjpothetica], and hence the nega- 
tive At^. Gr. § 318. 

§ 16. iropevdeU . . . ^^ : a condensed expression, And having gone 
(and returned), he said that he did not etc. <rdyapiVy a two-edged battle- 
axe. (Hert.) olcune^p . . . tx'^^^^^i ^^ ^ '^ Amazons have^ i. e. such 

as they were represented to have in the painting and statuary of the 
Greeks. Xen. presupposes that his readers were familiar with this repre> 

§ 17. rh TToBaxhs ^ri, the well-hnovm question^ the common question^ of 

tohat country he was, rh crrpdrevfia is accus. — itrl rlyi, /or what 


§ 18. Xd\vfias : cf. note 4, 3, 4 ; also 4, 7, 15. TaSxovs : c£ note 

4, 7, 1. See also 5, 6, 17. f^ya^S qualifies Jircp considered as a rela- 
tive pronoun, bg which done, where alone. 

§ 20. rh trrpariiee^oVf the encampment, i. e. of the enemy. 

§ 21. ol h,proR6voi . . . €tvaiy those who professed to bepaatUrs and thoie 
who professed to be cup-bearers. 


They suffer severely several days from the attacks of the enemy, from the 
want of food and from the severity of the cold ; hut they at length 
reach some villages ahounding in provisions where they remain seven 

§ 2. EixppdrriP : the eastern arm of the Euphrates, now called Mu- 
radsn. The ancient Annenians called hoth this and the western arm 
JephrcU ; sometimes also hy the special name Aradzani (the Arsanias (^ 
the Grecian and Roman authors). The point of crossing according to 
Xen. was 30 parasangs = 6 days* march from the river Telehoas. Making 
all proper allowance for tho difficulties of the march, the actual distance 
is much less than 6 days' march ; so also the point at which they crossed 
the Euphrates was much farther from the source of the river than the words 
of Xen. imply. He prohahly judged from the size of the stream, which is 
always much smaller in the latter part of the autumn hefore the rains 

§ 3. kvoKoioav is here predicated of the severe cold, as ulso in 7, 4, 3. 
The Latin word urere is employed in the same way. 

§ 4. ,€?«•€, directed, gave orders ; cf. i\eye 1, 3, 8. 

§ 5. Zityivomo Kaiovrts : cf. note on di€T4\ovy xp^h^^^^ 3» ^> ^7. — 
^{fKa iroAA^ At the present day, owing to the devastations of the Turks 
and Kourdfl^ the Armenian tahle-land is extremely destitate' of wood, so 



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838 NOTES. 

that the drifid dmig of cattle is now used for. fuel. — ir/MKr(c<ray : irpoo^ 
IrifUf I suffer to come to, Cf. Ziliifii^ I Buffer to past through, 8, 2, 23 ; 4, 

1, 8. el M^ . . • Tvpois, unless they would share toUh them (and give 

them) wheat etc. With fura^i^wfit, the part which is giyen is pnt in the 
accns. ; hut the whole from which a part is given is put in the gen. (as in 
the next sentence). ^— — &axo cf rt = df rt jUXo, whatever else, Cf. note 
on (UXa M<ra 1, 10, 8. 

§ 6. Ma 94y but where. In the precediog danse, Ma is demonstratiYe. 
— ^ffTf iwif even to, Ct. ?«f M 4, 8, 8 ; Axpi els 5, 5, i; fi^xpi M 5, 
1, 1 ; fi^xpi' els 6, 4, 2$. This idiom is mnch less common in the Attio 
than in the later writers. 

§ 7. ifiov/ufiiaffay : £rom fiouXifuduf they fainted from excessive hunger, 

§ 8. 9ic8(Sov, he distributed (the food) ; not indeed to those who had 
fainted, hut to the persons who shonld convey it, as expressed in the next 

clause. HiiSrras, giving, who gave. The fnt. Z^<rovraSf who should 

give, would he a more common construction. Yet cf. hriieucp^es 1, 8, 
18 ; tTKow&y 2, 4, 24 ; ^pxoAt^Koi/s 2, 6, 12. 

§ 9. iK rris K(&fJLi^Sf sc. oCtfaSf join with ywalKos, — Tphs tJ ic/yfiypf 
at the fountain, which belonged to the village, and was outside of the wall 
(ffiTpo<r$ey rod ip^fxaros'). 

§ 10. ^ri, &T4xei. Ct note 2, 2, 16. 

§ 11. iUvrfiOricay, were able (to continue the march). Cf. § 12. — 
SiarcA^o-at : cf. 1, 5, 7. 

§ 12. For the construction of ro6f 6<p$aXfiois with 9i€ip0apiA4poif ct note 
on rcbs Ke^aXds 2, 6, 1 ; rohs ZaicriXovs r&v ttoB&v (their toes) is connected 
in a similar manner with the intrans. hvotreffrtwires, 

§ 13. rris xi6vosy objective gen. limiting heucoifpniiM, a protection a^akut 
the snow, — — ray 9h xoB&v : the correlative clause rots fthf 6<p6aXfuiis 
was apparently put in the dat. to avoid the construction of two genitives 
limiting the same noun (hrucoiprifM), ^o\6oito, tools off his shoes ; the 
oppodte of ^oZe9efi4voi, 

§ 14. S<roi, supply mentally as antecedent roh-wv which limits iK^bas, 

xepieiHtyvvvTo : cf. note on ^flrov 1, 2, 28. — Kopfidrunu, brogues 

made as Xen. says of raw skins. Those brogues were commonly worn by 
the natives of the country. According to Hesych. they consisted of one 
piece of skin. fio&v by meton. for Pvpaav^ cf. 4, 7, 22 ; 6, 4, 12. 

§ 15. 8t^ rcbs roiaOras hydyKoSy on account of such tmavoiddble difficul- 
ties, mentioned in § 12. Koi rerfiKei, and it had (actually) meUed, 

For a similar repetition, cf. § 4, icai CijiaytdCerai, Observe the omission 
of the fiyUabio augment in rer^Ket, Cf. kvafie^Kei 5, 2, 15. See Or. 

§ 120, Rem. 2. ftr/if^ouira, sending forth warm vapor. This warm 

spring is supposed to have been discovered on the southern side of ML 

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BOOK IV. CHAP. V. 839 

Bingoldagli, by Eoch durizig s botanical tour through Annenia in 18^. 
— ^icr/KMr^/iciwi : ^jc denotes the idea, adde from the waj towards the 
warm spring. 

§ 16. ^x^^ 6Tur0oil>6\aKas : as the article ro^s is not expressed, it 
means, with some of the rear-guairds ; the rest had very likely passed on. 
— — ~ icdaTif r4xt^ icai, /ii^oi^, loith every art and device^ a more emphatic 
expression than Kark xdvra rpSrov, Cf. 7, 2, 8. — Ksti rcXcvrdv, and 

finally. Or. § 312, Rem. 3. iipatrBat depends on some word nnder- 

stood, e. g. M^atrtuf, which is suggested by MXwoy. 

§ 17. ^fifi<rat : observe the difference between the active and middle 

voices of this word. — Moity, sc. ol 7ro\4fiMi, Sw = roinwv i t 

&ful>l very seldom occurs with the gen. in Attic prose. ——> dia^p^/iCMiy 
differing, quarreling. 

§ 18. &r€ ^wivovrts, inasmuch at theg were well, ^— — kmucparyivrts 
(from iiyaKpd(») . . . iiiyurrov, having screamed as loudly as they could. 
This was all done to increase the alarm of the enemy. 

§ 19. in^ aibroisf/or them, so as to convey them to the rost of the army, 
■' hyiffracray : c£ note on ifiid(ero 1, 8, 1. 

§ 20. SAov rh trrpdrevfjuu This however was not true, for Chirisophna 
and the van had passed on to a village ; cf. § 9 et seq. 

§ 21. hyatrrfiirai'ras agrees with the subject of hyayKdC^ty, he ordered 
(them, i e. the youngest men) having made (the sick) stand up, to compel 
(them) to go forward. 

§ 22. T»r . . . (TKvffOfi^vovs, (some) of those from the village to see. — 
ol 8^ = ol TcXcvrcubi. — » robs . . . Tap4Boffay, delivered up the tick to iheiBy 
L e. the men whom Chirisophus had sent. — a6rol ii, ha they themselves, 
i e. ol reKsvreuoi. 

§ 23. itaXax^'^^^ (from StoXoTx^w), having divided by lot robs 

iovr&y, their own (men). 

§ 24. hrroKaiZfKa : from § 85, this number appears to be too smalL 
•^— iydrrir ^M^pay, the ninth day, or as we should say, eight days. 

§ 25. The description of these subterranean dwelHngs shows, says 
Eiepert, how little effect two thousand years have had on the habits of 
these Armenians, since the same description would answer for the present 

day. rh iikv ar6fJM . . . 4>p4afros, the mouth was like (that) of a weU. 

Etdmer supplies ^v with rh ffr6fM; Owen, following Bomemann and 
Matthiae, supplies l^x^wrai. — ^ rit tityova rolruv, the young of these 

§ 2%. ohos KplBtyos, barley wine, L e. beer. a^ro^ . . . l(roxe<Xc7r, 

the barley-corns themselves even with (or on a level with) the brim. Hence in 
drinking it was most convenient to make use of reeds, which of course 
must be without joints (y6yen'a). 


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840 NOTES. 

§ 27. AieparoSf ttnmg^ sc 6 ohos. — irviifuJi6vrt^ to one having heeomt 
accustomed to it. See Gr. § 284. (10.) (a.) 

§ 28. ffrtfyfffroiTO . . . Meurw : for a similar change of mood, c£ note 

on 8, 6, 13. T^K . . . iariacriVf and that they would go away after having 

fitted his house with provisions as a reward (&kt-). ^ore, until (in this 

sense when followed by ylyyo/uu ; but followed by et/d it is rendered 

§ 29. ohov i^poffov Ma : by anticipation for %^paffa» Ma otvos. Cf. 
note 1, 1,6. — Karopo9pvyfi4yosj concealed in the ground. He probably 
means iv kJuckois Kowunois 4, 2, 22. — ^ iy 6<pOa\fio7s, in their sight 

§ 80. Koi , . , iixplctray, and from no place did they (the barbarians) let 
them (the Ghreeks) go etc. 

§ 81. oitK Ijw 8* Swov od, lit. and there was hot a place where they did 
not etc. It is equivalent to and every where they placed etc. Cf. note on 
oiK iffriv Ihrus ohx 2, 4, 8. 

§ 82. clXiccy, he drew him^ denoting a fiiendly compulsion. — — 
fo^vyra &<nrep fiovy^ sucking as an ox f po^wroy as also heiK^r^ayrOj 
agrees with the sabject of lelytty : S^ffxep fiovy, by a sort of attraction 
instead of &<nrMp fiovs, sc. pwp€ij as an ox sucks. After oSmre/y and 1}^ this 
species of attraction is not uncommon. Gr. § 842, Rem. 8. 

§ 88. Kiuc€iyovSf them also^ i. e. Chirisophtis and his men. OKif- 

yovyras = ^mxoviiiyovs § 80, banqueting, feasUng, Cf. 5, 8, 9 ; 7, 8, 15. 

iar€<^ay»fi4yovs. The wearing of garlands at their symposia was a 

common custom among the Greeks. On this occasion, because they could 
find nothing better, and perhaps also because such garlands might afford 

them the more merriment, they had made them of dried forage. 

rod . . . xt^ot^ : the article is used because the forage had been mentioned 
above § 25. — — tauSos is connected by nai to iKeiyovs and depends on 
Kar€\dfifiayoy, — - Stffwtp iy€oTsy as to persons who were deaf and dumb; 
because they did not understand Greek. 

§ 84. 9i Tmrof . The region on the eastern side of the Bi^^l moun- 
tains (where the Greeks probably were at this time) is still celebrated for 
its excellent horses. — -X<i\wi8as : the name of the people by meton. for 
the name of the country ; cf. 7, 2, 82. He probably means here his neigh- 
bors towards the west, inhabiting the country at the sources of the western 
arm of the Euphrates : since the Phasiani and Taochi were his neighbors 
on the north ; cf. 4, 7, 15. — r^y dSby t^paCey J cfij, by anticipation 
for %aCeK ^ ^ b^hs fTi?. Cf. otyoy . . . ijv § 29. 

§ 35. jcol . . . clKiraSy and at that time Xen, went conducting the governor 
of the village to his own domestics, kavrov refers not to the grammatical 
subject of the chiuse but to the object (aMy), Cf. 2, 3, 25. See Gr. 
S 302, 2. (b.) ty cl\^^ei, which hs had taken, probably on that oooasion 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 


when he gave the rest to the horsemen; d, 8, 8, 19. — iraXa/repoy 
Knifewhat old. For the comparative in this sense, see Or. § 323, Rem. 7. — -4 
aMy, i. e. rhv tmrow : Uphv rov 'HAiov, sacred to the sun ; see 6r. § 273, 2. 
— T^XtoVi partitive gen. 

§ 36. Ko\{i is placed after the comparative which it qualifies and at 
the end of the sentence for the sake of emphasis. 


From the villages they are conducted on their way by a guide, who being 
abused by Chirisophus deserts them on the third day. After wander- 
ing without a guide several days, they reach the river Phasis. In two 
days more they reach a pass which had been occupied by the Chalybes, 
Taochi, and Phasiani. Having dislodged the enemy, they pass over 
into a plain and find some villages abounding in provisions. 

1. riiiipa hyHtt* The article is often wanting with ordinal numbers, 
where the English idiom requires it, Cf. i<rr4pa 7ifi4pay 6, 4, 9, -^— rhy 
rjy€fi6ya xapaSi^Mffif he (i. e. Xen.) delivers up the guide etc. The guide, 
as appears from the sequel, was the governor of the village where Xen. 
had encamped (cf. 4, 5, 28 et seq.). — ^y^crairo, sc. b Kcofidpxnf* 

§ 2. ^y : impers. it was etc. ^i' r^ rpir<p crraOfi^ being used to denote 

time; cf. 2, 2, 11. ^xake^Avdri, was angry ^ instead of the more usual 

act form ix'"^^''''!^^* ^^ ^^ Cyrop. 3, 1, 38. 

§ 3. kiroBph.s ^X^^t having escaped vms missing, ran away and escaped, 
Cf. note 2, 4, 24. For the difference between krolilpiaKUi and &iro<^€^w, 
cf. note 1, 4, 8. tiii^pov, an occasion of disagreement. — ^ , . . afii- 

\tia is in apposition with touto. — 'in(rrordT(p ixPV'fOt treated (him as a 
person) most faithful. Cf. the construction ofvoXefii^ 2, 5, 11. 

§ 4. &!/(£ : used here distributively, at the rate of; Gr. § 290, 1. (3.) 

— Topd, along, on the banks of ^aciy. Not as in 5, 6, 36, the well 

known stream of this name which empties into the Black Sea, but the 
upper part of the Araxes, now called Pasinasu. The Greeks seem to have 
been led out of their course by this stream, having proceeded towards the 
N. E. instead of the N. W. 

§ 6. X(i\v$€5f TaSxoif ^atriayoL Cf. note 4, 5, 34. The name Phasiani 
is derived from the name of the river just mentioned. 

§ 6. Kark K^pas, in column. The same expression is used in a very 

different connection and sense 1, 10, 9. M ipdhayyos, in the form of a 

phalanx ; cf. 4, 3, 26. 

§ 9. cijci^s, sc. itrri, takes the aor. infin. (vpoffyty^ffBat) without &y in 
the sense of the future, it is likely that others will come etc. Cf. note on 
vaiira<r0ai 1, 2, 2. 


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342 NOTES. 

§ 10. 94, after iy^, lued like AAXi 1, 7, 6; c£ note. So in 5, 5, 13; 
6, 6, 12 ; 7, 8, 80. — > &f . . . &iroi3<(\«ju«K, oiui Aow toe shall lose (lit. 
^roto atoai/) as few men (lit. 5o(7te« of men) as possible, 

§ 11. TK4oy . . . ffrdfita, lit fiuyre t^oA extending over sixty stadia, i. e. 

more than sixty stadia in extent, Ct M toK6 4, 2, 18. oit^aiutv . . . 

&XX' ff, nowhere else than. Instead of ix\* if, we should expect &XX' ff, yet 
see Gr. § 822, Rem. 10. — icA^eu ti, to take possession secretly of some 
part ete. ; of. § 18. — haB6vTas, having escaped observation, onlj ex- 
presses more folly the idea contained in kK^ou mtCt apwdurai ^Bdffav^ 

Tos, and having anticipated (the enemy) to seize upon (it). 

§ 12. HftOtow Utm fi 6fui\4tf to go up a steep (place) than on level ground, 
fit$* fi/i4pay, in the day time, by day, rpax^Ta, sc. i96s, 

§ 18. &s . , , 7rap4x€tyf so as not to occasion any notice (to be taken of us).^ 
— ^, which belongs to xpV<f^fu, is repeated, as in 8, 1, 6, and with 
fityottv in the next clause, it mnst be supplied mentally. 

§ 14. kXottjs, the nonn corresponding to the verb jcXc^oi used above 

§ 18. avfifidWofiot : the fhll expression avfipax4<r6ai \6yov5 occnra 

Cyrop. 2, 2, 21. Bo'oi , . . dfxoiwy, as many as belong to the peers, Cf. 

Die. Antiqq. p. 618. — ebOhs ix to/Swv, lit. immediately from children^ 
L e. even from childhood, 

§ 15. y6fuixor &ptt byiiv iffriv, it is accordingly enacted in your laws ; 

2(pa is manifestly ironical ; cf. 6, 6, 29. rov 6povs, partitive gen. = 

rod Upovs rt, 

§ 16. 9€iyo6s, skilful, expert ; Znyov in the next clause means terrible. 
For the connection between these different senses, cf. L. & S. -^— KXi- 
irr€iy rit Zr\iUffM is the regular expression for the embezzlement of the pub- 
lic monies. The penalty for this, aside from the loss of property, was 

under certain circumstances nothing less than death. byay is here 

commonly considered as the agent or doer with iJ^iovyrai : see Gr. § 284, 
8, (11.) 

§ 17. ro^»y TvyOdyofiat, I leamfrom these, — y4fi€T€u ai^l, is pas- 
tured with goats ete. al^l and fiowrly are dat of means ; not of course dat. 
of agent — jBoTjt. Cf. note on ^€wlBrroy 8, 4, 20. 

§ 19. Kod stands before a direct question when it contains an objection 
or reply to the foregoing. — hXKii is used because the preceding ques< 
tion is logically equivalent to a denial : It is not necessary that you ete. 

§ 20. 'Apurr<liyvfiot MeO. : cf. 4, 1, 27. OlraTos. The Oeteeans, 

the same as the Aenianians (Alyiayts), dwelt in Phthia between Oeta and 

§ 21. iK, after. 

§ 22. ol rax04yT€s : those mentioned § 20. aifrov, on the spot where 

they were, iyprrySpfffay, 2d pluperf. of iyelpv, 9th yvicrSs, through 

*he night, all night long. 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. vn. 343 

§ 24. T^ iroA^ : cf. note 1, 4, 13. — rohs xoXkois i the mam bodies 
of both armies. 

§ 25. oi im rov TceBtov, cf. note 1, 1, 5 ; the whole, instead of being in 
(he gen., is here put in the same case with the parts (pi fihv T«\reurra/ 

and X€ipi<r<Hpos Si). fid^y is the antithesis of 9p6/jL^f bat does not 

contradict rax^ : vmlhing qmchlyt at a quick pace, 

§ 26. rh AyWf the part (of their army) above ; cf. § 24. 

CHAP. vn. 

They pass throngh the conntiy of the Taochi where tJiey take by force a 
^ stronghold, and obtain an abundance of provisions, on which tibey sub- 
. sist in their march throngh the country of the Ohalybes. Having 
crossed the river Harpasus they march through the conntiy of the 
Scithini and arrive at Gymnias, where they obtain a guide who con- 
ducts them to the summit of Mt. Thechcs. Here they have a view 
of the sea. 

§ 1. ^jc To6rctyf sc. rwv KMfi&y : the villages mentioned just above 4, 

6, 27. Ta6xot : another form of the word was T^i. (The ending -xo< 

is to be explained as in Kapbovxoif see note 3, 5, 15.) The Taochi were 
known to the old Armenian writers under the name Taikh, to the Geor- 
gians (to whom they were allied by descent), under the name Tao ; whence 
we are able to fix their locality, in the valley now called Taoskari, bor- 
dering on the river Akampsis (now called Dschoroch). — iy oTs • , , 
iaweeKOfit<rfi4yoi : a condensed form of expression (cf. Ix^/acv ^pircuc^c; !« 
3, 14) ; in full it would be, irUo tohich they had conveyed all their provisions 
and where they "kept them, 

§ 2. aM<re, to it. See Gr. § 235, 3, Rem. 3. kIkKi^ : cf. note 


§ 3. €is KaX6y, opportunely. So also els kdWurroy Plat Euthyd. 275. b. 
rh. iTirfi^eta : cf. note 2, 2, 3. 

§ 4. fjiia athri : cf. note 4, 1, 20. ofirv SwriBerai, is served thus. 

CKiXri Koi xXevpds : cf. note on Ke<l>a\ds 2, 6, 1. 

§ 5. &AAo Ti a I cf. note 2, 5, 10. roirovs : cf. note 3, 6, 9. 

§ 6. dic\$€Ty has for its subject ^/ttoj understood. ity0* &y, pro- 
perly over against tdkick, opposite which ; in this connection = behind which, 
a meaning of iyrl chiefly poetic. 

§ 7. ToXXoiy used as predicate ; Gr. § 245, 8, (b.) ahrS^ this very 

thing. Mey, like Stfey, 1, 3, 17. to a place from which. fjMcp6y ri^ 

Le.rh \oiThy iifUrKedpoy § 6. 

§ 8. To^ovf this one, i. e. Callimachus. bn^ewpvXdKOfy^ used 


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344 NOTES. 

adjectivelji cf. 4, 1, 6. — — icaO* cwt, one by one, in opposition to the idea 

§ 10. irpoirp^xw. Obserre the asyndeton; c£ note 3, 1, 11. 8^ 

ical rpla fiiifiara : Ktd is very often used in designations of number, where 

we should use or / two or three steps. iuftx^C^^ ' cfl note 4, 1, 16. 

ifia^ai is used here simply as a designation of quantity, vxigon-loads. 

§ 11. rbv K. & ixoUi = h6 Ka\. IwoUl, ct note 1, 1, 5. Aowrida i 

cf. note 4, 2, 21. avr6si Mmself^ i. e. alone, 

§ 12. rris trvos, hy the rim of his shield; depends on iTiXafifidyercu, 

Gt. § 273, Rem. 7. itperrjsy a reputation for valor, depends on hyre- 

wotovrro : Gr. § 273, 3. (b.) 

§ 14. ToXkoi is placed like o/dya 6,' 3, 22. It qualifies •wp6fiaTa as well 
as fi6ts and Hyoi. Cf. note on iroAAcC 3, 1, 2. 

§ 15. XdXvpfs, below 5, 5, 17, called XaX^aToi. It is not possible to 
fix their locality with any degree of certainty, since no trace of their name 
has yet been discovered by modem travelers in this entire region. The 
position given on the map is conjectural and very doubtfuL From this 
point till the Greeks reach the vicinity of the sea, their line of march is 

only conjectural. — 5v hrjXBov = ro^w otrs Zirjxeoy. ct* x^'^P^ • 

cf. 4, 3, 31. For a very different meaning of th^ expression, cf 1, 2, 26. 

m-ep^ycoy: wings of the hreastrpHates, i. e. the extreme parts at the 

top and bottom of the breast-plates, which parts were fiexible so as not to 

obstruct the motion of the body. icvKvik and itrrpofiiya qualify ffwdprOf 

ttoisted ropes (set) close together, 

§ 16. Scrov, as large as. &y iTope^yro : see Gr. § 260, 2. (2.) (i3.) 

iniX^ ' ^^ Attic form is ir^x^^>'* which Erug. substitutes for the 

form contained in all the manuscripts, and which Hert is inclined to adopts 
— fxlay Xi&Yxyi^ ^X^^f having one point. The spear used by the Greeks 
commonly had two points, the one at the hinder end (called aavpwrfip, or 
ffripa^ being used to fasten the spear in the ground. Cf. Die. Antiqq 
p. 687, b. 

§ 17. iy roinois kyax^K- ^aay : iy with the dat instead of ^h with th« 
accus. in connection with verbs of motion occurs particularly with the 
perf. and plaperf. so that the motion may be contemplated as finished and 
the consequent rest may be indicated by the preposition and its case. — — 
Ztrrpd<fnia'ay : a transition from the indirect narration of the preceding 
clause to direct narration. 

§ 18. "ApvMros, This name has hitherto been applied with the great- 
est confidence to the northern tributary of the Araxes, now called in 
Turkish Arpa-su or Arpa-tschai, i. e. Barley-river. By the ancient Arme- 
nians however this stream was called by the totally different name Achu« 
rean ; and it is only the resemblance of the modem name to the word 


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BOOK IV. CHAP. vn. 346 

Haipasns which ha« given rise to the snpposidon of their identity. After 
all the light which we have heen able to obtain respecting the ronte of the 
Greeks, it is clear that the Harpasos most be songht mnch farther west- 
ward. In all probability it flowed through that deep valley which lies 
between the table-land of the Chalybians and the sea ; which is now called 
by the Armenians and Georgians Dschoroch (Turkish Tschoruk-su), but 
was anciently called Akampsis, and near the coast Apsaros, of which Har- 
pasus seems to be only a corruption. — "liKvOiyoL Kiepert conjectures 
that these may be the same as the Hesperitae (*Effirtpireu) who dwelt in 
the valley of Dschoroch. 

§ 19. hurr&y refers to 6 , . . ipx»v including the idea of his suljects. 
It depends on ToXcju/af x^P^ considered as one idea, and may be rendered 
through their own enemies* covntry, Cf. kavrStv 3, 4, 41. 

§ 20. trirr* rifitp&y : cf. note on 94Ka rifi€p&v 1, 7, 18. — rtBydtmt is 
here as often used in the sense of an aorist. — iauroh : cf. iavr&v § 19. 
— — — iv4$a\€v is here intrans. It is singular that the action should be 
predicated of the guide rather than of the army or the commander. — • 

vC[$§ty is chiefly poetic in its use. €vyoias : repeat cycica from the last 


§ 21. rh 6pos : the article is used because the mountain has been 
already alluded to in the word x«P*«'' § 20. fy : ot note 1, 4, 6. 

§ 22. a^&y limits rtyds. fiouy is added to &fwfi6€ia, because in 

actual use, the last part of the compound adjective had nearly lost its 
force : — wicker shields covered with the wUanned hides of shaggy oxeiu — — 
ifupl rd : cf. note on hfi<t>l rois 1, 2, 9. 

§ 23. irAc W Kol ^yylnepoy : ical not nnfrequently connects an acyoo- 

tive with an adverb. (Hert.) Ac/, continually. Zatf : the regular 

correlative roffoirtp is not expressed in the preceding clause, but instead 
of it iroAA^. 

§ 24. AdKioy : cf. 8, 8, 20. Top^fyv^vrtoyy beckoning, giving a sig- 
nal, to those who were behind to hasten, that they might the sooner have 
a view of the sea. 

§ 26. vepUfiaXXoyf embraced. arpanfjiyoisi cf. note 8, 6, 7. — 

Stow is in the gen. abs. with iraptYfviiaayros, when some one (I know noi 
who) had suggested it, 

§ 26. Kardrtfiye : this was done that the shields might not be after- 
wards used ; cf. 4, 6, 26. SicKcXct^cro, sc. Karar^t^yuy. 

§ 27. 9apfiKo6s : cf. note 1, 1, 9. robs ZaicrvXiovs, the rings, i. e. 

those which they wore. ** The free Greek, if not of the very poorest class, 
wore a ring not only as an ornament, but as a signet to attest his signa- 
ture or for makii^; secure his property." Becker, Charicles, p. 198, 
note 6. 



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846 KOTES. 

CHAP. vm. 

Passmg through the cotmtiy of the Macrones and of the Colchians, thej 
reach Trapezus, where thej remam a month, meanwhile makmg pre- 
datory excursions into the conntiy of the Colchians and offering sacri- 
fices to the gods. 

§ 1. &ptCe : cf. note on ijir 1, 4, 6. — r^p, sc x^P^^* MdKpwy€s: 

a people living on the northern slope of that part of the Pontic range of 
mountains which is still called Maknr. 

§ 2. otoy is used like &s to qualify the snperlatiTe degree. The full 

expression would be rotovror oX6v itrrt, d dpi^cty, sc. voraiUs* — 

8t* oS, sc TOW dplCoyros. ^"-^ l^KOWToy^ they proceeded to cut doton. They 
did this not simply to make the way clear, but to use the trees which they 
had felled as temporary bridges. 

§ 3. XiBovs . . . ipplwrovy. This was done that they might approach 
nearer to the Greeks, so as to reach them with their missiles. — oH with 
an accent may stand before a vowel in antithesb (even when as here the 
sentence is not separated from the following) ; cf. 6, 5, 4. 

§ 4. ra^y is subject accus. before thai ; ifA^y irarplSa is predicate. 

§ 5. ipwHiirayTOS, gen. abs. sc avrov, Ct ISyrny 1, 4, 12. — irri- 
rrrdxBifrou = iumrvrarjfiiiyoi eiaiy. See Gr. § 116, 16. 

§ 6. "Oti Koi ^fi€ts, because you alto etc. The idea is, we are your 
enemies because you also are hostUe to us, as appears from your coming 

against our country. X^ty. On the asyndeton, cf. 3, 4, 42. — 

tri before the oraiio recta ; cC note 1, 6, 7. troiiiaoyr^s, sc ipx^fi^kn, 

suggested by ipxf<rB€, 

§ 7. €2 Sotcy &y, wheiher they would ytve ; without &y it would mean, 
whether they had given. — irurrdf ct 1, 6, 7. 

§ 8. ^y itBvKolovy is a pleonasm similar to the one in 4, 7, 22. — — 
9tafiifida'oyr€s, The difierence between $tfidC» and fiaiyw will not be for- 
gotten. K«ri<mi(rayy Ist aor. and trans. Gr. § 173, Rem. 2. 

§ 9. fi4ya without fi4y, Cf. rh tZpos 3, 4, 7. 

§ 10. TaiffarraSf sc 4ifjMs. x6xovs 6p6lovs, Ct note 4, 2, 11. 

ry fi4y , . , ry 5^, partly . . . partly, Cf. note on irg fi4y . , . irp ^4, 

3, 1, 12. 

§ 11. M iroXAo^r, many in depth ; in^ Ixlywyj few deep. One would 
expect the gen. (which is far more common for this idea) in both clauses. 
The accus. has reference to the antecedent motion in forming the line ; the 
gen., to the consequent rest. — vtpvrrtic^ovcty ifJMyf wUl oul^flank us, 
— ^ hBp6ssy . . . iroXXdy, manfff both tD6apons and mefi, m a dense i 


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BOOK IV. CHAP, vm. 847 

§ 12. 9id\i'w6rras agrees with \6xwSf heing separate, ttanding apart. 
Cf. ZuiKtvKoiiraii 4, 7, 6. — — rots K&xois i« connected with Kwraffx*^i 
that having formed our companies into columns standing apart toe should occvpy 

with our columns so miuh space as that etc l^ov, Cf. 4, 1, 6. ol 

iiTxaroi \6xoti in apposition with the subject of i<r6fi^af i cl ifJMis under- 
stood ; the part being in apposition with the whole. 

§ 13. rh SioActToy, the intervening space, the interval, Mtp ical 
Mev ; cf. 4, 3, 28. JipBwv belongs as predicate with 'wpwn6rra, ad- 
vancing in column, ohB^Xs /itik^ti : the double negative ob fi^i is used 

regularly with the subjunct. aor. or fut. indie. Gr. § 318, 7. 

§ 14. T^ ftyai : " Many verbs and verbal expressions which are com- 
monly constructed with an infin. merely, sometimes take also the infin. 
with the article r6, even when they would have their object if a substan- 
tive in the gen." Gr. § 308, Rem. 1. For the negative fi^, cf note 1, 

8, 2. Mfiois Kara^cBy^7v, is a proverb drawn probably from Hom. XL 4, 

85, and denoting complete destruction. 

§ 16. iv rats x^P^h *» their places, — tow $6(101;, sc. %l<a, 

§ 17. hvTiTapaBiovrts, running along opposite to (the Greeks). 

§ 18. ^laxiCorras : cf. note 4, 1, 16. It evidently means separating, 
being dravm asunder, not as L. & S. define drawing bach, recoiling, — 
ol • . , T€\raaral, the targeteers who were along hy the Arcadian division $ 
the same as rohs Kark fi4<roy § 15. 

§ 19. ijp^apTO, sc oi TcKraaral, 

§ 20. T^ &hXa I accus. synec. ri 5^ a/ffitni K,r,\, It has been 

commonly supposed that the honey of which the Greeks ate was made 
poisonous by being gathered &om the flowers of the rhododendron. Koch 
(d. Zug d. Zehntausend s. 110. cited by Hert) imagines that the ii\jurioas 
properties of the honey in this instance were owing to its not being suit- 
ably put up. Kcirca , , , alnois, it passed through them, iroA.i^, sc. 

i^ri^oK^res. kiroByliaKownVi dat plur. particip. depends on i^Kecatf 


§ 21. rpoinis, a d^eat, gen. abs. — ^-> itye<pp6vovv, they graduaUg reco- 
vered their reason. 

§ 22. TpavcCovs : familiarly known at the present day under the namo 
Trebizond (called by the Turks Tarabusun), an important commercial city. 

— olKovfi4priy, cf. note 1, 4, 1. iv ry . . . n6vr<p, on the Euxine 

(Gr. § 289, 1) ; not, says Hert., that iv does not as usual signify in, within, 
but the name of the place with which it stands embraces much more, i e. 
all which is adjacent. 

§ 23. 6pfu&fi€ifoi : cf. note 1, 1, 9. 

§ 24. awBiewpdrrotrro , . . Mp, and iheg joined m a negotiation m he^ 
half of etc, L e. the inhabitants of Trapezus assisted the neighboring 


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848 KOTES. 

Colohiaai in ratifying a treaty with the Greeks. -*— - ^\$w. Observe that 
it is predicated of something else than persons ; cf. § 25. 

§ 26. ^y ci^loyro : cf. 8, 2, 9. hroOvaou : <m the meaning of Ato- , 

cf. note 3, 2, 12. — riytfjt6cuya, tiicmk'offerings for safe conduct, seems to 
belong solely to *HpaK\€t since he had the appelative rtytfi^v (6, 2, 15 ; 
6, 6, 24 and 26). Hence Kri3ig. conjectures that aterfipia has been acci- 
dentally omitted after awriipi, Cfl 3, 2, 9 ; 6, 1, 1. ^— hciiiOaiBviyai and 

irpoffrarriffai depend on eXXovro. &k«v icarcucTayuy, having uniniention' 

ally slain. The penalty for this offence in Attica was exile for one year, 
but according to the Spartan law, the penalty seems to have been heavier. 

§ 26. rk 94pfiara, These were to be used as prizes at the games. 

Stow : cf. note on oZ 2, 1, 6. iy , . . odrats, in a place so hard and 

rough ; ofhcos placed after the word which it qualifies, as in 2, 4, 7. 

§ 27. arditoy^ accus. of cognate signification, Gr. § 278, 2. Accord- 
ing to the Eng. idiom, in the stadium. For a description of the stadium 
and also for the length of the B6Kixos (commonly given at about 20 stadia), 

cf. Die. Antiqq. art Stadium. mpot, sc. iiyoyi(oyro, vd\riy k.t.X. 

Cf. Die. Antiqq. art Lucta. — Kar4firi<r€ty, entered the contest, lit tcent 
down, because the arena was lower than the position occupied by the spec- 
tators. — S.Te, because of, is here followed by the gen. abs. 

§ 28. rhy fiw/iSy. The point in the stadium from which the runners 
set out and to which they must return. -^— Ayety. ErQg. understand* 
rhy l7nr4a as the object of this word. 

From Trapezus to Cotyora. 


While the Greeks are at Trapezus, Chirisophns is sent to obtain ships of the 
Spartan admiral Anazibius that they may proceed by sea. While they 
are awaiting bis return, Xenophon takes measures to obtain other 
ships, and also to improve the roads in case they shall be compelled to 
proceed by land. Dexippus is appointed to seize on coasting vessels, 
but deserts the army ; and Polycrates is appointed to succeed him. 

§ 1. /i4xpi ivL Cf. note on Utrre irl 4, 6, 6. ^dKarray . . . n6y^ 

rtp, lit a sea, the one in; the Euxine, Lt, asea which was a part qfthe Euxm^ 
•— aWewray. CI note 8, 2, 12. ci;|ai^ro: 8, 2, 9, 


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BOOK y. OHAP. I. 849 

§ 2. Boiptos : from Thtirii, a city in Magna Gtaecia on the Taientind 

Gulf. rolyvv, Ihtrefore^ is often nsed at the beginning of a speech, 

having reference to some thought not expressed, here perhaps it may be 

rendered, to ipeak out, to express my opinion. (Hert.) iLvelpriKt^ nsed 

here in the secondary and intransitive sense, / am worn out. ical . . . 

leaf. The repetition of the ooi\junction gives greater prominence to each 
particip. — ^ (ftvXMC^ ^Xdrrtav. Cf. note 2, 6, 10. — — iicroiBtisy . . . 
jca9ci^5«v, stretched out, sleeping. These participles form an antithesiB in 
the idea to those which follow itTeiptiKo. --^-^ &<nr§p 'Oivffo'eis. Hom. 
Odjss. 13, 78 et seq. 

§ 4. iXBetv and ^J|«. Cf. note on i\06yT€s 2, 1, 1. — rpvfipeis, war' 
sMps ; vTsjota, transports, — vXtiv aMv, that he should sail, 

§ 6. ^irl TAoio. Cf. note on iirt 2, 3, 8. Tomv depends on Kaip6s, 

a suited time to do, • iy ry /loyy, during our stay. 

§ 6. Srov ayfi4r6ti«Ba tviropla, a supply of the means with which we shall 
purchase. Cf. note on Brov 8, 1, 20. 

§ 7. oXXi, cf. note 4, 6, 19. Tpovo/Aal, foraging parties in distinc- 
tion from single persons engaged in foraging. &AAo»^, rashly, carelessly, 

temere. — fifuis, i. e. rohs arparnyo^s. 

§ 8. M Xc/ay ydp : cf. note on Spare ydp B, 2, 29. Sirot, sc fitK- 

\€i i^Uyat. iyxeipy iro«, attempt any thing in any direction. In several 

instances iyxeipeiy takes as here the construction of a verb of motion. 

Plat. Menex, 241, d. Thucyd. 8, 27. i<p* oU, understand roinuy^ 

the antecedent of o0s, of those against whom, Cf. note 3, 1, 21. 

§ 9. Kari is here distributive ; Karh, fi4pos, part by part, L e. in turn, 
or by turns. • i^ . . . ffKov&ficy, hvyaun* tv. The protasis i^y with 
the subjunctive is followed by the indie, pres. or future when the conse- 
quence is positive, but by the optat with iky, when it is probable. 

§ 10. S»y = roinwy & : there would be no need of those things which etc. 

— (tvT6$€y, from the place itself, from this very region. ^y , , . ^\Ori, 

for if he come back, i. e. with transports. ^apx&yray, sc. vKolwy. 

§ 11. vapaxKioyra, sailing by, sailing along the coast, — - almjo'dfieyoi, 

having borrowed. vKoTa is sometimes nsed as a generic word, and thus 

may include the specific idea of triremes or war-ships (cf. 1, 3, 17) ; so 

also fuucph vKoTa = rpi-fipeis. Kardy^ty, to bring into port, Lai. dedur- 

cere. rk vnZdKia Taoa\v6fA€yoi, taking off the rudders, so that the 

sailors might not escape if they should desire. KOjutS^s, means of 


§ 12. iyyo-fiffare . . . €i, and consider, said he, whether it is not etc. Cfl 
note 3, 2, 22. yav\oy ^vydiffOai, to agree upon passage^money. 

§ 13. &pa: ct note 2, 4, 6. ^ohs d^oroitiy : ct uoto ^ 

d, a 


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850 NOTES. 

§ 14. iwtn^urt oMvf Ut. hepui notkmg to vote^ L e. nothing pertain^ 
ing to the going bj land. 

§ 16. 5 relates to V€miK6yT€poy^ over which they appointed etc. ■ 

vtptoiKOv, Cf. Die Antiqq. art. PerioecL woXwrparyfMy&v rt, whiU 

engaged m some intrigue, 

§ 16. Xofifidifoi is iterative. ky^tfiOj cargoes, i^aipoi/ieyou 

This is the common word nsed to denote the unlading of a vesseL — ttw 
vapotrpay4iVy for privaieering <dong the coast. 

CHAP. n. 

Being in want of provisions, the Greeks make an excursion into the conn- 
tiy of the Drilae. They storm and take the principal fort belonging 
to these people. 

§ 1. c2s AptKas^ into (the country of) the Drilae, a mountainous region 

farther from the coast than the country of the Colchians. fire : cf. 

note 4, 2, 13. — — toA\o( belongs as an adjective to ol K6\x<>h ^ C<^ 
chians many in number were collected together, 

§ 2. 6w60eyf cf. HOev 1, 3, 17. oftroiy. The inhabitants of the 

re^on implied in the word MBev, 

§ 3. ifimvp^es (from ifivlvprifu)^ sc ol ApiKut, 

§ 4. 9opwl>6potf persons who carried long sticks or poles (popdria 6, 4, 
23.) for the purpose g£ driving away and securing the booty. ' els 9«rx- 
&y0- . The nominative would be the usual construction here ; yet cf. 2, 5, 
86 ; 6, 4, 23. 

§ 6. ol Z4, and they, i, e. the enemy. Cf. note 8, 4, 4. 

§ 6. i^* h6sj in single file ; M with the gen. is used to denote not 
ouly the depth (cf. note 1, 2, 16), but also as here the width. , 

§ 7. 6 , , . \4yet, and the person who went says (to Xen.). Stu d, 

note 1, 6, 7. 

§ 8. ^Mat r& IhrXa, to halt ; cf. note 1, 6, 14. -^^ &s , , , x^P^^i ^ 
if (L e. in the hope th^ the place might be taken, 

§9. obK cTj/cu, not to be possible, •—'^ kwo^eieiy/Uyot ^eratf is middle: 
had expressed the opinion, 

§ 11. voirja'aiy to form, to draw t^ ; as in 4, 8, 10 and 14. In this 
sense the mid. is more common. C£ 4, 8, 12 ; 5, 4, 22 ; 6, 6, 6 and 25. 
— — &s , , , hywyieTffOai, €u he supposed he might contend most bravely. On 
the construction, cf. note on iky fiii S<8^ 1, 3, 14. — — ol Xoxayol, Cf. 4, 
1, 27 ; 4, 7, 9, et seq. 

§ 12. ZnryKuXmfiiyovs : cf. note 4, 3, 28. — •^tniti'hvp : of. note 8, 4, 4. 
— — &s Sc^o'or, as if it would be necessary, in the es^fectation that it would be 


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BOOK y. CHAP. n. 351 

necessary. The partieip. of an impen* yetb in the accns. abs. Gr. $ 812, 5. 
— hrifiefiKfiffOai i cf. note on iTifi€fiKiyjL4v0vs 4, 8, 28. — — to^wi' ^«- 
/i€\ri$7iytUt to see to these things^ L e* all the orders specified after vapiiy^ 

§ 13. 5^, accordingly ; L e. as a consequence of the crescent-form in 
which the forces were drawn np. 

§ 14. 4t^\ ^4 is repeated in consequence of the intervening parenthe- 
tical clauses koI iXK-^Kovs . . . rdl^is ^p. — Bfut re introduces the prin- 
cipal clause. cr^cy^^yoi : cf. note 3, 8, 16. 

§ 15. UeXKriveis : from Pellene, whether from the cifr^ of this name in 
Achaia or in Laconia is uncertain. — ical &X\os i^afie^Ku^ and another 
had gone up (alone, oitK ^\K6fi€yos)» 

§ 17. Kol ^x^vres : cf. note on Kot llx^Y ^y 3> ^* """^^ '»'<^X« '^ "J^*** 
The indefinite force of rls may be expressed thus, and now and then owt 
perhaps (fled) etc. 

§ 18. rhv fiov\6fievoy : cf. note 1, 8, 9. — yiKucrt . . . tleruBoificvotf 
those (Greeks) rushing vnihin surpass those (Greeks) who were coming otU^ 
i. e. they compel them to return. 

§ 19. i^cKOfilo'avTOf sc. aln-d, 

§ 20. ^y is without a definite subject, <romipla Ao-^ being predicate : 
fir thus there teas a secure wag of escape (to them). — — ofhas (instead of 
oSru) may stand before consonants- when it is particularly emphatic (as 
here, being used antithetically with &\X»5). 

§ 21. 9iTJpovy, they took away. This Vas done to make more room and 
thus facilitate their retreat. — K<vraKix6vres, cf. note 1, 8, 27. It takes 
for its olgect the antecedent of off, i. e. ro{nov5 understood. 

§ 24. Kpdrn IlatpKaryoyiKd : according to 6, 4, 18, CK^iya, according 
to Herod. 7, 72, veirKeyfi^ya ; hence it appears that they were woven or 
braided of leathern straps. — iy 5€{£§ Brov 8^ iyd^ayrosj on the right of 
some one or other who had set fire to it. On the use of trov, cf. note 4, 7, 25. 

§ 25. rovro , . . rixnh '^** thing (presented) hy goodfirtune. 

§ 26. ixhrowy occasioned solicitude, Cf. Cyrop. 3, 3, 60. hiupX 

• . . ^x^^^^i might be husy about these things^ i. e. in extinguishing the fires. 

§ 29. Ktd before &i^/> introduces a fuller statement of what was just 
before only intimated. 

§ 80. hop&yres = 9M^y6fAeya dpuyresj seeing these things appearing 

at intervals, &y . . . oZ<ray, as if there were an amibuscade / accus. abs. 

Gr. § 312, 6. UaySy, a sufficient distance, koI 5s : cf. note 1, 8, 16. 

§ 81. at &XXot KpTjres, the others, namely the Cretans, Cf. note on oM 

&KKo 1, 6, 5. — &\iaK€fr$at, that they were overtaken. i^a ; c£ note 

1, 8, 12. 

§ S2, 4wl T^So, hctekwards^ I e. with their faces towards the enemy. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

352 v<ynaB. 

CHAP. m. 

Compelled bj tbe want of provisions to leave Trapezns, the army resnmea 
its march by land, after having placed the invalids and the camp- 
followers on board the transports which they conld command. Having 
reached Cerasus, thej divide the money arising from the sale of the 
captives, and distribute the tenth part among the generals to be con- 
secrated to Apollo and Artemis. Xenophon describes in a charming 
manner the sanctnaiy which he afterwards consecrated to Artemis in 
the vicinity of his residence at Scillos. 

§ 1. fi4y corresponds to Z4 before AxXot, hrop^ioyro, sc. jcori y^r. 

§ 2. Kipoffovs. A place in the lower part of a valley, which is now 
called Eerasnn-Dere ; distinct from the city Eerasonda or Eires^ situated 
farther westward, not mentioned by Xen. but known in ancient times, first 
under the name Eerasus, afterwards by the name Phamacia. Both places 
receive their name from the abundance of cherries (called in Armenian 
Keras ; in modem Persian and Turkish Kires) which grow wild in this 
re^on, and which were taken from this region to Italy by Lucullus. . 
rptreuotf on the third day, Cf. note on CKoreuot 2, 2, 17. 

§ 3. iy roTs SirXois, under arms. This expression, says ErQger, is added 
because without it, the implication would be that they were mustered and 

numbered without their arms, as often happened. iifAtfi . . . fivplovs, 

in round numbers about 10,000. Cf. note 1, 2, 9. ^ rts, now and 

then one, sc hxd>\rro, 

§ 4. ri . . . y€y6fieyoy, the money raised from (the sale of) etc. 

r^y HeKdrriyf sc. fiepiZa, The most common ellipses of the fern, gender 

are 4ifi4paf yri or x^P^f ^^h /*«*iP«> X«*P» ^^^^ fi4pis, rh , . . ^oiSf 

each one to preserve for the gods his part* 'Acriycub^ : from Asine, a city 

in Laconia. — — ^AajSe, sc. rh fi4pos. 

§ 5. With rh rod *Air6\., understand fi4pos, as also § 6 with rh r^s 
*Apr4ti. i having made (of) the part belonging to Apollo a votive offering^ he 
consecrates it etc. rwy *Mi\vai«oy driamtp6y, Athens like the othei 

Grecian cities had its own treasure-chamber at Delphi. 

§ 6. St€ Ainfet ic.t.\. See Introduction § 1. r^y . . . ^6y, accns 

of cognate meaning with &ir^ct. Mry^jSi/^of was not the individual^ 

but the official name of the priests of Artemis at Ephesus. kyoBwnu^ 

sc iir4(rrfi\€y. irotriadn^yoy : cf. note on XafiSyra 1, 2, 1. 

§ 7. t<p€uyiy : cfl note on robs ^(ryoyras 1, 1, 7. For an explanation 

of the allusion, see Introduc. § 1. iy SxiAAovrri : see Litroduc. § 1. 

— Sirov . . . bUs^ where the god in an oracle directed; 6 Ms means 
Apollo, when an oracle is spoken ot 


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BOOK y* CHAP. TV. 353 

§ 8. Si& fA4ffov rod :- ci 1, 2, 7. -— r ^v . . . ^i'. The same preposition 
repeated. Cf. els , . . els 4, 4, 14. i^f>a<> sc. clo-fV. 

§ 9. ffKJivovffiv : c£ note on ffKtivovpras 4, 6, 88. — r- rSav . . . Xcixo't 
a share oftht animals which toere sacrificed from the sacred herd, \dxoSf 
chieflj poetic, occurs also 6, 8, 2. 

§ 10. ^oJsAris. A range of mountains between Elis and Arcadia. 

§ 11. IfoTt 5i ic.r.A.., and the place is where they go etc., i. e. in our 

idiom, and the place is on the road from etc. — tvi = tveari. Ikoi^ 

• . . rp4(l>€tv, sufficient to support etc. -— — €v«x*'^<>" ^ ^^^ predicated of 
animals (r^ v7ro(6yta). 

§ 12. S<ra ; a brief expression for ro{nttv or trdyrcty So'o, the supplied 
gen. depending on ZivZpw : to^e« (of all fruits') which when ripe are eaten 
raw, XP^^V ' pei'hapB means only gilded instead of golden^ since ac- 
cording to Pliny the image of Diana at Ephesus was of ebony, according 
to Vitruvius of cedar. It may be however that the image in the older 
temple (which was burned by Herostratus) was destroyed with the temple, 
and that this older image was actually made of gold. 

§ 18. KaraBvety and iTricKevdCeiv instead of the imperat., an idiom very 

common in the older Ionic, but found in Xen. only in this passage. 

r$ t^c^ fieK-fitret is intended as a warning, it will concern the goddess, or the 
goddess will see to it, 


The march through the country of the Mossynoeci ; a picture of their 
savage and disgusting manners. 

§ 1. olvep Ka\ vpSaBev : cf. 5, 8, 1. 

§ 2. els avro6s, like eh ApiKas 5, 2, 1. &s Btit <l>i\las : cf. note 4, 

1, 8. Biiicrotey : cf. 8, 2, 28 and 4, 1, 8. 

§ 8. ol , . , MKetyOf those who. dwell beyond ; ix rov, cf. Tphs rov, 2, 

2, 4. rohs &pxoyra5y the chief men ^of the Mossynoecians who dwelt 

farther along (pi iK rov Mxetya) than those who refused to let the Greeks 
pass through their country). 

§ 5. ZtaauBriyai , , . *EX\dSa, to pass through in safety to Greece etc. Cf. 
^a-^C^^yro vphs rh arpar6ireZoyy Cyrop. 6, 4, 16 Instead of ir/)<Jy, els would 
be more common. (Hert.) 

§ 6. v^ore stands often in affirmative sentences, especially in those 

which are hypothetical. (KrOg.) koL rh Koivhy . . . roitrovs^ and that 

these men henceforth he your subjects, depends on i^earw ifiiy, 

§ 8. 6 &px»y '• ^0 principal man among the chiefs (§ 8, 4), who acted 
as speaker. 


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854 NOTES. 

§ 9. W. .. x/»^kwr^yo''«t^S^^vtZltoafl<<oaial0ic«eo/'i(f; instead 
of 4i/AAy, we should expect ^/uV as dependent on xpqo^ hnt bj a qtedes 
of anticipation the prononn is put in the case reqniied b j Sc^eirtfe. 

§ 10. JJti. Cf. note 1, 6, 8. tV tw . . . voKifilmw belongs to 

X^patf as an adjective clause. 

§ 11. M roinoit : cf. 3, 2, 4. irAota /toi^vXa, (oat* nuufe o/'one 

ptiectf oftDood^ i. e. canoes. — o2 S^ : the article is nsed bocanse by giv- 
ing the whole sum the part is ocmsequentlj definite. According to onr 
idiom the article would not be translated. 

§ 12. Htmia'Wy they (L e. the barbarians who remained) ttood> 

^liXurra, at most = ahout, since in aj^roximate designations of number the 
highest estimate is given. «-— otifWy as /or example, — >— fiow : cL note 
4, 5, 14. — — {^Xov depends not on Ihturdw but upon <r^»€upo€iS4s and is 
gen. of the material : — and hatfing at the hinder extremity the form of a haU^ 
made of the wood itself, 

§ 13. Mp yovdrwp, above the hnees^ i, e. thej did not reach down to 

the knees. \iyov ffrpt^wrMafUiv limits x'^^'^^^h ^^^ ^X"*^ ^ 

aocus. bj synec. ; cf. ^pos and itK^pw 1, 2, 23 ; lit. ttbout of a linen bed- 
sack in thickness^ L e. of about the thickness'of a linen bed-sack, rutpo- 

€i9rj qualifies Kpdtni. iraydp€is : ct note 4, 4, 16. 

§ 15. ci}K€iro : c£ note 1, 4, 1. &€(, at any time, a conmion mean- 
ing of M when placed between the article and particip. or adject. The 

account of this word in L. & S. is defective. vdmcty depends on 


§ 16. iepo<n6vr«av^ sc aJbrSav, Cf. iepol6vr«ov 1, 2, 17. — ri»s fUp : 
cfl note 4, 2, 12. 

§ 17. v6fjup ruft, in a certain tune. 

§ 20. ry ^m, in reality. — — ical i^/iosi sc. woX^fdovs €tyai, — &wtpf 

so. iirpa^ay. Wjojv 8c9«$ica<r<y : cf. note on Molri 9liniy 2, 6, 21. — • 

aZBis, again, in future. 

§ 21. obx hfioiois . . . wvv re Koi Hre, lit. they will not fight with sinahr 
men both now and when etc., i. e. in our idiom, they wiU not fight wkh the 
same men now as when etc. 

§ 22. jcar^ rabrd, after the same manner as the Greeks, i e. in column. 

§ 23. ijcroy , . . o1, for some of the enemy, Gr. § 331, Rem. 4. — rots 
KlOoiSf with the stones, i. e. with such as they had, or with such as thej 
could pick up. -^ — &W(rrcAAoy, attempted to drive back. Cf. note on ifitd" 

(ero 1, 3, 1. vpSorov fi4y : the antitheas would be Ihr^ira 9h &r» vphs 

riiv firirp^oKty, instead of which another construction § 25 is substituted, 
owing to the intervening dause. 

§ 25. rots vaXrols. The article is used because iraXrd have already 
been mentioned § 12, as weapons used by the MossynoecL -— — tfXAa 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. IV. 855 

ZiparUf having other (weapons) also (namelj) spears etc. C£ note on i?iXo 

Btydpov 1, 6, 6. iK x^^P^h kf casting (these weapons) from the hand ; 

cf. iK x^V^y $d\X.oyT€s 3, 3, 16. 

§ 26. ical iyr€vBeVf from this place also, as firom the place mentioned 

§ 24. Kol ^vXdrrovatv, and (whom) ihey guard, Mossyni reges suffra- 

ffio deligunt vinctdisque et artissima custodia tenent. Pompon. Mela 1, 19. 
(cited by Hert) — iv ry irp6r€pov alp^im x^pW • ^® place men- 
tioned § 15, as being in front of the metropolis. ^-— iio<nr6voi5y a hetero- 
clitic form of fi6(raw, 

§ 27. y€yrifi4y6tVf from y4w, I pile up, or hoard up, — irarplovs ; Hert 
understands this in the sense of varptpovs, handed down from their fathers, 
and supposes that something like ship-bread is described : Kriig. more 
natnraUy takes the word in its ordinary sense, such as they were accustomed 
to hoard up from the times of their forefathers. — — at ir\€7ffrai, the chief 
part ; assimilated to the same form with (eiat ; though we should expect 
6 trKuiTTos as the form suggested by &troy. In like manner in § 29 roW^ 
instead of roT&rots, sc. Kapiots, 

§ 28. Kop^a rh. v\ar4a, chestnuts, which grow in that region in great 
abundance. They were probably little known to the Greeks of that time. 

§ 29. ro6T(p, cf. note § 27. ir\«iar(p belongs to roh-tp as predi- 
cate. These they made use of even in the greatest abundance cufood etc. — 
olyos : still made in ^e valleys of this region from the grapes which grow 

§ 30. Tpoff^x^povy, surrendered, — - al B4, without a preceding al fi4y, 
limits the too general statement which precedes : some more, some less, 

§ 31. kyafiodiVTwy , . . ^wiiKovov, and they mutually heard one another m 
shouting etc. ^— ^U r^y . . . ^k rris . . • : the common order would be iK 
TTjs . . . €ty tV . • • : yet cf. 6, 4, 2. 

§ 32. r&y €v^atiA6ywy, like beatorumf = r&y vKova'ltoy, ov voWov 

94oyra5 . . . ftyai, lit. wanting not much to be, = almost, ia'riyfi4yovs 

iLy64fua, tattooed toith figures ofjhwers. The expresdon in the act. is crl- 
(iiv rtyh, iufB4fua, 

§ 33. aXs by attraction instead of &s, — <r<l>[<n : the reflexive is used 
because the Mossynoeci are thought of as the logical subject. 

§ 34. i\eyoy : see Introd. § 6. ro^ovs ^apPapwrdrovs BttXOcTy, 

lit. that they passed through these the most barbarous, i. e. that these were the 
most barbarous people ihrough whom ihey passed etc, —^roXfji^^y, sc. Toitiy, 

Zfioia . . . 6yr€5, they did such things <w (they would do) in the presence 

of others ; these things he immediately enumerates. — i^p * iavr&y, by 
themselves, L e. when alone ; a conjecture of Erug. instead of i(f»* lavro?;, 
at themselves / cf. 2, 4, 10. r^x^icyf sc. 6yT€S. 



856 NOTES* 


Pafldng through the countiy of the Chalybes they reach Cotyora. Here 
they remain forty-five days, subristing meanwhile by plnndering the 
territoiy of the Paphlagonians and tSao of Cotyora. The Sinopiana 
complam of this, bat are silenced by a decisive reply from Xenophon. 

§ 1. Xd\vP€is : not the same as those mentioned above 4, 7, 15. 

§ 2. /col . . . 6y7i0fival ri, cmd that the army he benefied somewhat ; in- 
stead of the pass. 6yii$tiv€Uy we should expect here the act. 6ini<rai ; for a 
similar change of construction, cf. 7, 8, 3. ^-— f ice, predicated of things, 
cf. 4, 8, 24. 

§ 3. Kara0v<rdmcoyf sc. ain-wy. — yv^firiy : the singular number, 
though predicated of several persons : a common idiom in Greek as also 

in English. — Kor^pa : now called Ordu. itTolxovs : in apposition 

with the collective noun T6\ty, — tyros B4 : without a preceding /i4y ; 
cf. note ot^ifihs ti4 1, 7, 9. 

§ 4. M(€wrty, from irefti^w. vKrieos . . . rrjs d^ov i Herod. 4, 123, 

uses vKrjeos in the same way ; but in 1, 72, and 2, 11, he uses firJKos 

nstead of vKrjBos, C£ note on itpiB/jihs rris 69ov 2, 2, 6. iy BafivXMyi 

may be rendered in the neighborhood of Babylon, Cf. note on ^y . . . lUyrtp 
4, 8, 22. ixp* «^* • cf. note 4, 6, 6. 

§ 7. 4>ofio6fi€yot, though it agrees grammatically witli 7rp44rfitis, in 

idea it is predicated of all the Sinopians. <l>6poy ^<pepoy : cf. ^uAxuccbi 

tpv\d^€iy 2, 6, 10. — — Zetyhs . . . \4yeiy, reputed to be an eloquent man. 

§ 8. r^ ... S^ are here correlative. The* adversative 94 indicates that 
the clause which it introduces contains a much more important statement 
than the preceding clause. |vn)(r0i}<ro/i€Vovf , to congratulate you etc. 

§ 11. 4yiovs is in apposition with liias^ the part in apposition with 

the whole : cf. note on kvOp^-Kovs 2, 6, 6. oh veldoyras after filt;^ is 


§ 12. TOUTO . . . iL^iovfiey, wherefore we do not consider these things pro- 
per. Kop^Kay : ruler of the Paphlagonians, cf. 6, 1, 2. &?iXjOh 

ovTiya : cf. note on tKKa 6ie6<ra 1, 10, 3. 

§ 13. 'H/icZr 5^ : cf. note on Jc 4, 6, 10. iytiy koI «p4pfiy : cC 

note 2, 6y5, * 

§ 14. iy Tpave(ovyTt fi4y. The correlative clause is Korvwpiras $e § 19. 
ity$* &y = iun-l ro^ntay &, since rifiay may take an accus. both of a 
person and of a thing ; cf. 1, 3, 3. iiyri is expressed both in composi- 
tion with the verb and also before the case. ro^^y refers to the- col- 
lective rls : cf. avrois 1, 4, 8. ^yotyroj iterative optative. 


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BOOK V. CHAP. VI. 357 

§ 15. rifuiv is the object of trvxov^ dTotmr rw&v is predicate ; what 
tort of men they found us (to be). 

§ 16. &r Tf . . . iy T€ ^ supply mentallj the clause 4xS6rrts . . . 

§ 17. Kol ftcUa : cf. note 1, 5, 8. — — ToAc/Jovf iKni<rd/4M6a, we ac- 
quired as enemies^ L e. we made (them) our enemies, 

§ 18. Mdxpwas : cf. 4, 8, 8. rwv ineliwy, of those things belonging 

to them ; cf. rod iKtivov 9o6\ov 2, 5, 38. 

§ 19. Korvwpiras J^, But in respect to the inhabitants of Cotyora, We 
should natorallj expect here the nominative as subject of ^hriv. The 
accus. may be explained as an instance of inverted attraction to the case 
of the relative o0s ; or with Kriig. as an anacoluthon, the sentence com- 
mencing as though cf rt iup^piififBa were to follow. 

§ 20. 5 . . . \4y€tSj ha as to what you say etc. We should expect ed 

Mt ^i rifi€7s, instead of rifiets alone; c£ 6, 1, 29. ^. . . x^P^^^i 

where the place itself (JLiom. the nature of its situation) ^ave us admission* 

8^ after tricTiyown, used like it\xd 3, 2, 13. ixl : ct note 1, 1, 4. 

— — — KOfilccurBai, to carry ourselves^ i, e. to go, Cf. 3, 2, 26. 

§ 21. ol &AAoi is in apposition with the subject of cicriyodfifyf but we 

the others etc. Ct ol (rrpaTriyoi 2, 6, 26. iwalOptoi : cf. note on cko* 

Tfluot 2, 2, 17. 

§ 22. rifitis S^. Through the word 8^, the following part of the sentence 
exhibits an anacoluthon with respect to the beginning ; as though it hod 
commenced aif ii\v iixtlXriffas, votoifieBa : the fut. would be the com- 
mon construction. rhy Tla<p\ay6ya = rhy JStpxoyra r&y nafpXjoiy6ywy, 

§ 24. roZr elprifi4yoiSf at those things which had been spoken^ i. e. by their 

own orator Hecatonymus. ^eyloiSy connect with 8€|(j/i66a, we will 

receive you with gifte of hospitality, rohs iy$d^€y i, e. the Cotyorians. 

§ 25. ri after ^4yia is a correlative of koI before vp6s, — imrfiBeia 
= tptkucd, 


Fhe Sinopians advise the Greeks to proceed by sea, and they agree to fol- 
low the advice on condition that the Sinopians furnish a sufficient 
number of ships for the purpose. The design of Xenophon to found a 
new city in Pontus is frustrated by the treachery of the soothsayer 

§ 1. xfi^ff^M'Ot , , . fiyoifieyoi : the Sinopians seemed etc. It is more 
easily translated impersonally, it seemed that the Sinopians by acting as 
guides would be useful; iy belongs to ehai, — — rfre Karh ^dkarrayt $0, 
^4oi wope^tcrBat, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

858 HOTEb. 

I 2. ica2 i|(ovr . . . Ivyi^onXc^iir, md tkejf demamded o/(iie 8i$upia$u) 
Of Grtekt^ that tkey should above aU tUmfft receive (<ia») favorabhf m Hds 
way, m heiing friemdljf to Greeks amd m givm^lke best advice; ^EXXiiot de- 
peods on ci^wt , but is placed next to ^EAAapat Srrasy on account of tiie 
paronomasia. CC note 1, 9, 2 ; roir^ i e. r^ cZrw jcr JL See Gr. § 804, 2. 

§ 8. ^I^y . . . cTmu, t< being perwdtted to befriends to ike barbarians, CL 
note 2, 5, 22. 

§ 4. wkXii . . . yipovro : a wish, voaiji <to etc. a$ny is salject ; 

and as nsoal is assimilated in form to Hie following predicate : X^yo/Uni 
c7wu, said to be, tk commcm method of citing a prorerb. Gr. f 264, Bem« 1. 
The piorerb aUnded to was Uphr ^ cvfifiouK'if advice is a sacred thing. We 
maj render the danse somewhat freely, for this (fact), advice is a sacred 
thing according to the proverb, (this) seems now to be fidfUod, Qit, seems to be 
present wUh Me.)^-^7«(p after ww has reference also to the sentence cl 
uJkv . . • rkimrria ; so also in § 6 the second ydp refers to the same sen- 
tence as the first yip, 

§ 5. r& irXoiOy the hoots ; the ai*ticle here does not imply that thej have 
been mentioned, but means simply the requisite boats, — j^ • . . or^A- 
\flffBt, but if you set out etc 

§ 6. XMKria t ytyp^um, I must tell you what I judge (to be best). For 
the constroction of Xcinr^, see Gr. § 284, 8, (12). 

§ 7. o& yhp lnTiy, sc. r^y eUrfioXiiP wotet&Bau liXXp 1^ ^^ any 

where else than where, — t^» Wov depends on iicar^pa, 8, depends 

on Kordxorres, k«1 ntbv, even very, 

§ 8. Kol yvr, and now ; doubtless on the occasion of the battle of Cnna- 
xa. — fuii(oy ^povtt, is too proud, L o. to obey the summons of the king. 

§ 9. kXi^oi : cf. note 4, 6, 11. M rohs worofio^s, to the rivers ; 

the article is used becanse they are to be mentioned immediately, so that 

we may render iwl robs, to the following, v\4$pvy limits Sepfi^^yra : 

cf. note 1, 2, 23. : AxXus re ical iroA-, especially when at the same time 

enemies etc. Cf. 7, 7, 40. tfiaros, notfordable (Krug.). 

§ 10. oh : not only, 

§ 11. YioplXa : objectiye genitive limiting tpoSas, This Doric fonn 
of the gen. was nsed also by Attic writers in certain appeUatives and in 
foreign proper names, especially Doric and Aeolic proper names. Gr. § 44, 
Rem. 2. b* obvi cf. note 1, 2, 12. 

§ 12. o^» b% lx«» ^^ ^ cfi^e is thus =:but on this condition, — — 
rifius b4: cf. L. & S. nnder S^, 4. In snch a connection we cannot well 
translate 8^. 

§ 13. x<^Pf ' ^ocO' Cf. 5, 7, 28. 

§ 15. Kol Imreis , • . hcaifovs : lit. and horsemen also (being) already 
even very 8ki(/ul through discipline, ■ Ma . . . irap€<ncevdtr$n, where so 


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BOOK V. CHAP. VI. 359 

^ftdt a force condd not he collected with $medl means, L e. iu case any one 

ihonld wish to found a colony in that region. can^ is repeated for the 

sake of perspicuity, becanse Uwo^mvri is so far removed. Ct aMy 2, 4, 7. 

§ 16. air&yf of themselveSf i. e. Xen. and his men. 2iAay<(y : cf. 

1, 7, 18. 

§ 17. iavr^ : cf. note on iavT6y 1, 8, 29. . 

§ 18. ras d4Ka fifi4pas : the article is nsed becanse the dixa iiix" are 
mentioned 1, 7, 18. — ^KiiB^wr* : cf. note on kKrfievtrai 4, 4, 16. — 
KOptf, for Cyrus, limits ^v^fiwos, 

§ 19. Bti is repeated on account of the intervening clause. Cf. 7, 4, 5 ; 
and fiii in 3, 2, 25. 

§ 20. ^x^iy depends on i,w6povs, being at a loss etc. &s €f(icaZ€, as 

if towards home, with the intention of going home. rris . . . olicovfi4irns, 

partitive gen. dependent on iK\€^dfi€yoi. — Karaffx^Xv, kwUvai, and /i^- 
yciy depend on fio6\fa0€ ; but the first is to be connected in idea with 
fioiKri(r$€f the second with rhy fiky iHXovra, the third with rhy h\ 40^ 
Aorro. Z4 after w\o7a is nsed in the same way as Z4 after rijieis in § 12. 

§ 22. &fffi€yo5 : cf. note 2, 1, 16. 'Kpoo'4xeiy fiovy, to direct atten- 
tion towards staying, i, e. towards settling in this region. 

§ 28. Kv(ucfiy6yj so. ffrarripa ; was equal in value to the Dane, cf. 1, 
1, 9. The name is from the island Cyzicus where this stater was coined. 

Die. Antiqq. art. Stater. €Kovt€5, sc. ol woXirai implied in ^ t6a is. 

Cf. iwolxovs 5, 5, 8. 

§ 24. Mey, to a place where, Cf. note on tdcy 1, 8, 17. Koi rris 

, . . wdcrnSf and all the government of Phamdbazus, L e. the satrapy called 
Dascylitis, to which, besides the countries mentioned, Bithynia also be- 
longed. Ivy^fTTparwirOai K,r.K, This took place in 411 B. C. Cf. 

Thucyd. 8, 61 and 80. 

§ 25. T^ fiov\0fi4y^ is connected like ahro7s with iireffBai just as 
though &trr€ had not been expressed. It must be rendered as though it 
were rhv fiov\6fi€yoy. 

§ 26. r^y fiur0o<popdy, the (requisite) ^ay. Cf. r^y before dUriy 1, 3, 
20. &<rrt : cf. note 2, 6, 6. 

§ 27. tls often stands with verbs of speaking, because (says Hert.) the 
speaker is conceived of as entering into the midst of the hearers ; cf. 28, 

87. rh Koiy6y, tJie common authority having charge of the general 

mterests ; cf. 5, 7, 17. 

§ 28. Kol yyy : cf. note on koI t<(t€ 4, 8, 11. 

§ 29. rh fJL^y ix4yurroy, the most important thing, chiefly ; cf. 1, 3, 10. 

tir€ipoy, so. r&v Up&y, iftot depends on 4'wifiov\'fi, Verbal noons 

not un&equently take the construction of the verbs fix)m which they are 
derived. — ^cjSo^Acvc, used here with the infin. : planned, plotted. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

360 NOTES. 

§ 80. iuf>' oZ • , , &<rTt, lit. whence it might taheplace so that, or in an 
Eng. idiom, how it might he brought about thai etc. Sxrr^ is not nn&eqnentlj 
used in this manner after ylyyta-Oai, rhy fi4vj and rhy 94 are in par- 
titive apposition with bfiois. Cf. note 4, 6, 26. rhy Sh fi^ fiov\6fi€yoyf 

but the one not wishing (to sail away at once, might sail) after he had ac- 
quired etc. 

§ 31. Kol . . . HyZpas, and see persons promising etc The allnsion is to 
Timainon and Thorax.— -o-do^w/i^vov^ liyOa, arriving safely at the place 

where etc. fiov\6fi€$a : cf. note 6, 7, 6. fiurBhy ttjs ffwnipias, pay 

for arriving in safety, Cf. luvQhy t^s &o'^a\c/af, 7, 6, 30. 

§ %2. &y belongs to ttyai and lx«y, cf. 6, 6, 1. -^ iy ykp . . . ^6- 

vmy ; Cor the same sentiment, cf. 3, 2, 28. luurKW%ivr^% kcSl yew- 

iL4yi\T : cf. note 1, 10, 6. x^^poyrts, see L. & S. YH, 2. 

§ 83. i/xtrw T^y x«*P« • c^' ^^te 3, 2, 9. 

§ 34. T^f' diicriy : of. note 1, 3, 20. 

$ 35. rh xfyflM^'^^ • • • i^eva'ft4yoi ^crav, deceived in respect to the mon^, 
did fiot keep their word in respect etc. — rris fiurOotpopas limits t^ XP^" 
IMTtu The position of the gen. is no more strange than that of r&y Ka/>- 
do^wy (the second) 4, 8, 1. 

§ 36. hreKCKolyuyro : cf. 8, 1, 5. ^a(riy : the well-known river of 

this name in Colchis ; cf. note 4, 6, 4. 

§ 37. «•» Tfiy : c£ note § 27 above. - — yyt&fiijy : cf. note 1, 6, 9. — 
9»K 4KKKn<ni(fUf : several mannscripts and editions have /tj^ 4k. Kohner 
M>!.ys, ntmmque aptom ; /i^, ne concionem convocarent ; o^jc, se nolle convo- 
fiare concionem, Cf. Thucyd. 1, 39. IfjMS ^tovyres ov ^vfifiax^iy. 

CHAP. vn. 

^uch excitement prevails in the army occasioned by the report that Xeno- 
phon is about to conduct them back to the Phasis. Xenophon calls 
the army together and eloquently defends himself; he then takes occa- 
sion to describe the conduct of a part of the army who had abused 
ambassadors sent from Cerasus. A resolution is passed that the affair 
be investigated. 

§ 1. 7rd\iy €is ^wriy, bach to Phasis, It seems that Neon confounded 
the Phasis in Colchis to which the other generals proposed to sail with the 
Phasis which they had passed in Armenia. Cf. 4, 6, 4. . 

§ 2. I^AXoyot, gatherings of the soldiers ; kIikKoi^ groups collocted 
around one person who acted as speaker. Cf. Lat. circuiu — — - jcal ixdka 
<l>ofi€pol ^o-oF, ju^y and they were causing much fear, lest ; in other words. 
and it was greatly to be feared, that etc. — — rot^s : the article is used as 


by Google 

BOOK V. OHAP. vn. 361 

if the events here alluded to, thongli not related till- afterwards, were al- 
ready known to the reader. 

§ 3. iyopdv is here used in the sense of iKKXTiclay, a use not common 
in the Attic writers. 

§ 4. $rt, ikat, saying that, 

§ 5. aurois xpV^^^y ^^"^^ them, use them, 

§ 6. rofj/xva\iy Tphs ta : repeat from the preceding clause Set itop^ih- 
€(rOcu, — &5 ^\io5 . . . ivT€v9^V'i that the sun rises at that point and sets 
yonder^ while (in fact) it sets there and rises from thence. The meaning of 
this sentence would be rendered perfectly clear by the gestures of the 

§^ 7. fiop4as and ySros : without the article, as the names of winds are 

often used ; cf. 4, 6, 3. See also note on 9i\ios 1, 10, 16. i^avariiffai. 

On this form of the optat. see Gr. § 116, 9. Notice also the difference in 
accent between this word and the infin. in § 6. 

§ 8. &XA.^ ydp : hut (some one may say, I may deceive you) for, 

§ 9. Toi&y I make this supposition, J will sttppose, — ^— Koi S^, and 
grqnt that. — ir«f . , . 0ov\€v6fi*yo5f how therefore could a single man 
suffer a toorse punishment than by forming such plans etc. 

§ 10. iypriyop4ycu (from iyelpci) . . . hrifit\6fi€yoyf to watch, (while) 
caring for etc., i. e. to watch carefully etc. — irop/ij/Ai, sc. Hpx^iVy I give 
it up to him. The asyndeton adds greatly to the vivacity of the descrip- 
tion. — ^ lUvov, adv. ofdy, 

§ 11. kKSh ykp : cf. note 3, 2, 26. &\Xoy is the olgect of ^|airo- 

rrja-at, with which supply Hy from the preceding clause ; or that J might 
deceive any other person etc. 

§ 12. Sray . . . SXis ^Xt^^t when you have enough of, are satisfied in 
respect to etc. — ^ c2 lireio-i iced ^ffrcu : cfl note on T^pilatn 4, 1, 3. > 

otov ivoBtiKwtfiVi such as it appears in the beginning (wiro-). koI ^IKwv 

ical ToXcfiluUf in apposition with hvBpdricwv, 

§ 13. £y = ro(nt»v &, — SokoSo'i . . . rivis, and some of you also seem 
to me ; or thus, and I think that some of you also ; i\06vr€5 . . . hir^XBuv^ 
having gone , • . returned hack again, 

§ 14. rovro Kara/uiB^y 5ri, by anticipation instead of KarafiaOiiy Bri 
Tovro : cf. note 1, 1, 6. — aitrois, i. e. rohs iy ry X^P^V * ^f. htroiKovs 
5, 6, 3. , 

§ 16. 4\Beiy : cf. note 2, 1, 1. teapairXioyres : in 6, 1, 16, 

wapayayfi is used. It will be recollected that a part of the army 

(cf. 6, 3, 1,) was conveyed in boats along the coast. cf rt : cf. note 

1, 6, 1. 

§ 16. ahrhy . . . y€yofi4yri, day unexpectedly breaks upon him ; cf. 3, 4^ 

49. ol U Tires : cf. note 2, 3, 16. 


Digitized by 


362 NOTES. 

§ 17. Scvpo i^mpfm/jM^, toe set out (to oome) hither, — > r&y irXc^yrwr ; 
cf. 5, 4, 1. ^-^ rh Koufhv rh ifiirtpoyj our common authorities^ the officers 
of our army ; cf. 5, 6, 27. 

§ 18. hr^X . . . t^jourca^y but when they declared, acdd they (the Cera- 
snntii) ; the accusatiYe with the infin. or as here the nominat. (o-^e?;} with 
the infin. may stand even after conjunctions (as ^cQ just as after relatiye 
pronouns (e. g. 2, 2, 1.) ; cr^cif , the suhject of the infin. X^ciy, stands 
instead of o-^ot hecanse the infin. and the goyeming verb i^wrcof have* the 
same suhject (Hert) Still the construction of c^7s \4y€iv is veiy un- 
usual and there is some reason to doubt the correctness of the text 

i,wh jcoirov, by public (authority, KcXc^ir, in the same construction with 

\4^€u to which it is connected by koI, robs . . . h€Ofi4yovSf the persona 

asking this, L e. the firiends of the deceased. - This clause is in apposition 
with abrois and is the subject of ;^«rcty, that they themselves should tahe 
and bury the dead, 

§ 19. riy4s : cf. note 3, 8, 4. robs fiapfidpovs Uroif instead of Hvoi 

ol fidpfiapoi : cf. note § 14 above. ro7s ?dOois : cC note 5, 4, 23. 

trap€Kt\€6oyro, sc. jSiXXcty. 

§ 21. rwy SvXMy : cf. note on rh HwXa 2, 2, 20. 

§ 22. &s Ay: BC, iirox^poity, as they would (naturally) withdraw after 
having even witnessed etc 

§ 26. roirovs ri ZoKur§ : what do you think of these persons f Hertlein 

supposes here an ellipsis of some infin. as Spoo'cu. ifilxovy has the force 

of a pluperfl So also &8iicci § 29 is perfl in meaning. C£> note on yucay 2, 1, 1. 

§ 27. ia^€\Meu depends on K^ptoif without rov before the infin. Ct 

note on iu^lcrroffBai 4, 4, 11. ol fiovX6fieyoi : the sing, would be mcnre 

conmion. r&y Uyrcoy lunits X^ywy, 

§ 28. iy obityi x^Ph in no position, i, e. will be without power. 
d/M0y limits Zy, 

§ 29. Koi hMV€irpdxao'iy, have also accomplished; L e. ooniuder not 
merely their guilt but also the unhappy condition into which they haye 
brought us. On the position of oZroi, cf. note 4, 2, 6. 

§ 30. iur<tta\h ttyat, so. &^<icy€2<r0ai suggested by iu^ucyriaOf. 

inipv^, as herald, in apposition with rls, 

§ 81. &XX<£ : cf. note 4, 6, 19. ii/i^1s, i. e. ol (rrparriyoL 

8o|(£r«0 bfiiy, lit. let it seem good to you, i e. ratify it by a formal vote. — 
&s, on the ground that, in the expectation that ; ct 5, 2, 12. 

§ 83. oS, where ; the reference is to Greece. trdyray limits iwalyov, 

§ 84. Sovyeu having robs . . . &p^ayras for its subject depends on lAt- 

yoy, Ct note on Hkeyt 1, 8, 8. rov Xotirov, henceforth ; cf. 6, 4, XI. 

— abrois refers to rls : of. note on abrois 1, 4, 8. iwl : of. QOt» 1, 

6, 10. — i^ ob, since. 


by Google 

BOOK V. CHAP. vin. 363 


Inyestigation is also made into the past conduct of the generals. Sereral 
of mem are fined for delinqnencies. On the preferment of some charges 
against Xenophon, he defends himself with his accustomed ability. 

/^ § 1. Blieritf brocx^'^^i should submit themselves to a trial* — — - ZiZirrwf^ : 

sc ain-w 9licny. Sovvoi ^imtv = irotrx^'iy ilmty. riis ^Kcucris as gen. 

of cause depends on ^Xc (from o^XMrxdyw) ; Gr. § 274, 2. Observe that 
<l>v\aicfi here denotes negligent guarding. Of. the use of iiyofuy ly 6, 7. 
— — rh fuUtfia is also dependent on 2^Xe as accus. of cognate meaning ; 
Gr. § 278, 1 and 2. /lyas is in apposition with fiflmfia : was fined, for 
negligently guarding the cargoes of the ships, twenty minae, the (amount of) 
the loss on the cargoes, r&y . . . xpVf^'^^y limits both <l>vXainis and rh 

fielmfuu For the allusion, cf. 5, 1, 16. ISo^alyeros Z4, sc. 2^Xe. 

^X«y alp€$elf : cf. 5, 3, 1. 

§ 2. \4^apra, sc. Tal€<reai. Koi afber iroO imparts emphasis to the 

interrogatiye. C£ Koi after 8, rt 1, 8, 16, after &innvUa 3, 5, 18. 

kwrnTO^IuBa, were perishing ; cC 4, 6. 

§ 8. oTov : by assimilation instead of roio(nov oXov. > ieap6p : cC 

note on ^l6v 2, 6, 22. voXKuv gen. abs. with hT9yopw6vrw, 

tvwv ifipurr^€pos : a proverbial form of expression, worse tempered than 
asses, which by reason of'^eir bad temper do not, (as) men say, become weary, 

§ 4. ^ic riyos = $i^ r( § 12. After each of the following questions we 
must imagine a pause sufficientlj long for an answer, which is supposed 
to be negative, and hence the force of itXKd, For the difference be- 
tween firovy and inr^ovy, cf. note 1, 2, 11. After /Mxifi9yos, supply 

mentally (hreu6y o-c. iwap4rna'a» from wapoiydw^ commonly takes a 

double augment. 

§ 6. rhy KdfMyovra : of. note on roh 5, 7, 2. 

§ 7. 9t4B»Ka, sc. rh crice^. *— i,w6 in composition with kytnyety and 
the other verbs of this sentence, is to be understood as in ianjrovy § 4. 
Tpbs ifi^ kwayarftty, to return them (L e. t^ ffKtini) to me* 

§ 8. rotrovroy, 8t«, only so far as this, that etc. Cf. note 1, 8, 14. — ^- 
&s 4yi» otiAM X cf. note 2, 1, 12. 

§ 10. &ie6(ra ye fioikercu : an expression of indifference ; as much as he 

pleases may he live, it does not concern me. &Xi}(^ K^yets, stands 

independent of the grammatical construction, as often oT/ioi : c£. note 2, 

1, 16. ^Zo^as K,T.\., for you seemed to me to resemble a person who 

knew etc 

§ 11. Kal ydp, and since ; ct note on ydp 8, 2, 29. 

Digitized by 


364 NOTES. 

§ 12. 6?dyas, too UiOe, ec wKnyds. 

§ 18. Zcott lipKtif 08 many as it iuited, as many at werepUased ; a sar- 
casm. Uyrwj 8C. 4/M0V : ct note 1, 4, 12. 

§ 14. TcpoUn&fQv «^6v I mid. voice with a reflezlTe pronomi as object^ 
ot note 1, 8, 29. ' r^ . . . x«(A^>'< : the article is used because it was 

something well known, in Tiyid remembrance. .Keer^fiaBov iyaarrds, 

tooi atoare*that I rose up etc, ; fi^Xii qualifies both iu^aards and iicrtiy^s. 
For the oonstniction, see Gr. § 810, 4. (a.) 

§ 15. dir^t Vhifu, is iterative ; c£ fio^Xoiro 1, 2, 7. — hroupyhv rf 
&ro-, conducive to the etc 

§17. icaXykp oZf : c£ note 1, 9, 8. M with the dat c£ note 1, 1, 

4. — rl fUya . . . Xi^jSii^ciy, what so grievous thing might they have suf- 
fered as that (Stov, lit. for tohitX) they would think it proper to receive satis- 
faction, /i4ya •9r«i : cf. note 4, 8, 26. 

§ 18. yoimSf and ZMrKaXot, sc {nr^xovffu Koi ydpj and (it often 

happens that for the good of others we give them pain)/or etc 

\l9, wvr i^ rir* : cf. note 8, 2, 80. MUf : nsed figmntivelj for 

safety^ as the antithetical x^^P^'^ means danger. 

§ 20. ^^Uorra firydkri iwt^fnirai ; L. <& S. render nnder iiri^4p», a 
areat sea dashes against (the ship) ; Edhner considers /arydkri as predicate, 
the sea is borne high ; cf. Gr. § 264, 8. With this nse of tieydKii, oC Lat 

§ 21. icartZucdg'aT€ = iZucdffar§ kot* adrwy, decided against Ihem, 

Ixorrcs : on the asyndeton, cf. note on ISo^cf 8, 1, 11. 

§ 22, ain-HPf L e. r&y hraitro^fvroiVi since rhv hroKrovrra is collective. 
— oT/uu has no inflnence on the grammatical stractore of the sentenoe ; 
, cf. note § 10. 

§ 28. yow : c£ note 8, 2, 17. li^yuixero /i^ ^^p€<y, Mt. fought Q£) 

through not to carry ^ L c persisted in not carrying, &iro9^9uiccy, is here 

transitive, though in the pei£ and 2d aor. act it is regularly intrans. Gr. 
§ 168, 2. 

§ 24. rkmivrla % , . , voiovci : we cannot saj, the contrary ^an they do^ 
and must adopt an entirely different fbrm of expression, the reverse of what 

they do etc SiS^oo'i, from the poetic BlBriiJU = B4o9, r^r viiera 

^<rcrc, you will bind him during the night ; most likely because he com- 
mitted his depredations, such as those mentioned § 28, bj night. 

§ 26, iiXXh ydp : cf. note 8, 2, 26. elUr^ . .. 4ir€Koipri<ra, but if 

I protected any one against a storm ; x«<A^>^ i^ oonstmcted with hr^Ko^ptura 

as with kfiltptof or kkil^u^ with which it is here synonymous. Mipv^a : 

cf. note on ipiieety 8, 1, 26. 

§ 26. wepttydyero . . . llx^» lit A resulted so as to be well, i, e, the 
result was in all respects favoroiU, 

Digitized by 


BOOK yi. OHAF. L S65 


From Cotyora to Cbiysopolis. 


Tbe Greeks entertain with a banquet embassadors from Paphlagonia and 
conclude a peace with their nation. On the next day, they set sail 
from Cotyora, and after a prosperous voyage reach Sinope. While here 
they conclude to give the sole command to a single general and offer 
the positicm to Xenophon. He prudently declines, and Chirisophus, 
who had now returned to the army, is appointed. 

§ 1. iK\<&w€voy : caught hy lying in wait ; an unusual word. ^^ cS 

fxd^M, very expertly. ToktfjuK^ara thc^^f^ • cf. ^vyoXxus ^x» h^i ^t 

KOKws iX' 1} ^i ^^ » Mfiws ix* ^> I> ^ > iro\€/tfic(i^aTa is the superlative 
of iro\€/Aiic«y. 4k rohrmv : cf. note 1, 3, 11, 

§ 2. troiixos like ?5o|€ § 14, properly applies only to &8ficciy ; to &5i- 
K^iffBai only by a zeugma, which is the less striking inasmuch as /i^f 
kBiK^lv fi-fire &8tK€i<r0af expresses only the idea eipiitnjy &76ff' ; whence also 
the position of rohs '^EAA.Tjf^as (which would otherwise stand after ifZuc€iy) 
is to be explained. 

§ 3. M |cWf , lit. to hospitality, i. e. they received them as guests. 

hvhpav here refers to the Greeks. ^iKcuorirovSy sc. vapoKoKuffOai, 

We have here the personal construction. Cf. note 2, 5, 41. 

§ 5. airoydat : libations and a paean followed regularly after the meal 

was finished ; cf. Conviv. 2, 1. vr^Kd = &\fiara vr^nfiKd. ri\os : 

adv., cf. 1, 10, 13. «j . . . Mkci : us = Sore, so that ir6ir\ij- 

y4yai is somewhat doubtful, since this perf. seems not to have been used in 
a pass, sense till after the time of Xen., and to translate it as act. seems a 
little awkward. Butt, conjectures ir€ir\i)x0ai ; Eiih. irKriyriyai ; as distin- 
guished in meaning from 'koIw, it denotes here a fatal stroke. 

§ 6. rhy JiirdKicny : a song in honor of Sitalces a Thracian king ; per- 
haps the one mentioned by Thucyd. 2, 29. ^y TeroyB^s: c£ note 

2, 2, 13. 

§ 7. fierh rovro without 94 corresponds to icpSorov fi4y § 6 ; cf. § 9. 

See also note on vpwroy fi4y 8, 1, 13. Aiyuiyes : cf. note 1, 2, 6. — 

Kdyyrrt€s : a people of Thessaly. riiy Kopvalay Ka\ovfi4y7iyf the Car^ 

paea as it is called. 


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866 NOTES. 

§ 8. eittipH ical fcvTiyXarc?: this of course was merely represented in 
pantomime. — — itvicmC : adverbial, frequently. — Xjfariis d4 : for viva- 
city of expression instead of 6 $^ &s Apcrr^j. vp6 expresses here the 

two ideas of before trndfar (KrQg.) rhp HyBpa belongs as object both 

to ^tras and itwdyti. < 6 CtxryriXdrTis, sc. pik§ which is implied in 9ii(ras 

§ 9. S6o : gen. abs. with hrriTarrofi4tmy i fUfM^fxtvos stands without an 
object : actinff in pantomime as if two persons were drawn vp (and fighting) 

against (him'), i^€icvfil<rTa (firom itueufiundw'), he turtied a somerset ; 

iK in comp. seems to denote here the act of throwing himself ot<^ o/* the 
circle in which he had whirled. 

§ 10. &K\ai€ (from iKKd^ui) ; hence this dance was also called accord- 
ing to PoUnx 6K\a<rfia, 

§ 11. vphs . . . oifKo^fitvoi, having the flute played for them to the mea- 
sure of the war-dance, — lepbs robs ^co^x, to the gods = to the temples of 
the gods ; the former expression being used because the gods were con- 
ceived of as dwelling in their temples, -i— Tp6a'odoi, solemn processions, 
•— ^ (civd iveiourro, considered it extraordinary ; leoiuffdai being used in 
this expression as with wtpX troXXov in the same sense as ^TCibfoi. 

§ 12. T§irdfi€voy : ct note on hchearo 1, 9, 19. ''npplxny ' * war- 
dance in which according to Plato (Legg. VII, 815.) the various move- 
ments of combatants were imitated. 

§ 18. atrat , , , ft^y, these were the persons that had driven etc. ; a &ce- 
tions exaggeration of what is related in 1, 10, 3. 

§ 15. 'Apfi-fivfi (or *Apfi4yri) was a harbor in the .territory of Sinope ; 
hence rijs 2<yi6in7s, as just before tts Swc^f, must be understood accord- 
ing to note on iy ry . . . n6vr(y 4, 8, 22. K€pdfua. The principal 

measure of liquids among the Greeks was the Metretcs, to which the com- 
mon cask (jkfA^p^Sf ic<i9of , or K€pd/juov) was made to correspond. The 
Attic Metretes contained nearly nine gallons. Die Antiqq. art. Metretes. 

§ 16. X*ipt<ro<l>os iK0t : see 5, 1, 4. 

§ 17. tlfffti airro^s : (the question) occurred to them ; Ihrws with its 
clause is the logical subject of cJoi^ci, how they might arrive etc. 

§ 18. iK rijs w/M^j, sc. yv^fifis, according to the prevailing cpuUon, 
So in 6, 2, 12. 

§ 19. iwtiBfy : tried to persuade, Cf. note on ifiidCtro 1, 8, 1. 

§ 20. «f fi4y : to this 6ic6t€ d4 § 21 instead of wy S4 corresponds ; cL 
3, 1, 12. Tvx^y * accus. abs. like i^6y etc. ; render it, perchance, 

§ 21. Kot riiy , . . &iro/3aAciy, that he might even lose his previously ac- 
quired reputation, 

§ 22. UtoKptyat depends on Biairopovfi^y^, Zffirtp fiayrwrhs ^y^ 

ihe very one who was pointed out (to him) by the oracle etc. ; the personal 


by Google 

BOOK VI. CHAP. I. 367 

instead of the impers. constmction ^xcp (pi€w) lunvrttnhv ^v : cf. note on 

itfvflXca^os 1, 2, 21. For the allusion, ct 3, 1, 6. t^ 6yap 8, 1, IL 

— &w6 : proceedmffjfvmj sent from. 

§23. crvara0ria'6fi€yos : cf. 3, 1, 8. ii£Thy^€yy6fi€yoy: for the 

accus. and particip. instead of the accus. and infin. see Gr. § 310, 4. 

$€|f <(v : on the right, hence according to Grecian ideas favorable ; although 

according to Roman ideas unfavorable. Of. L. & S. sub $c|«(s. 5r« 

IL^^i fihy olwvhs eftj depends by anacoluthon on the verb of the parenthe- 
tical clause &(nr€p . . . HKeyev, although it would properly depend on 

iLvefAi/xyfiCKero, and stand thus, fi4yav otwvhy 6yTa, oitK tSiurucSsf not 

pertaining to a private fna». — xp'?/***''''*'^'*^''* indicating cm increase of 

§ 25. ^Xryoy i cf. note on IXcye 1, 3, 8. vpotfidAXom-o aMv : 

they proposed him (Xen.)ybr themselves^ i. e. as their commander. 

§ 26. cfr€f> &y0p9nr6s flfu i if lam really a man, i. e. if he were not 
pleased with such an honor, he would not be a man ; he would not have 

human sensibilities. AoiccSai/iov/ov iwdp6s : the reference is to Chin- 

sophus. othe corresponds to t€ after i/ioL rvyx^yfiy, sc. So/ccire 

suggested by Soicc?. • vap* ahruv : from them, i e. from the Lacedae- 
monians. — o6 rrdyv : a litotes. — ; — ri : accus. synec. 

§ 27. Tp6a'0ey . . . irph : cf. note 1, 1, 10. SfioXoyeiy : at the close 

of the Peloponnesian war 404 B. C. avray refers to tV v6?uy as a 

collective noun. 

§ 28. hro\i6picncav : cf. note 6, 8, 12. iyyoSo fjufi : ct note 3, 6, 8. 

The construction of hy <rw<l)poyuT0ehiy is not affected by the interposition 
of iyyoQff fi'i, 

§ 29. 8 : cf. note 5, 6, 20. 

§ 30. cl 6pyiovyrai ic.r.X. : this is presented as an example to show 
how ridiculous it would be for the Lacedaemonians to become angry should 

they not on all occasions obtain the precedence. avfiwoo'lapxoy : cf. 

Die. Antiqq. p. 1082, b. Charicles, Scene VL 

§ 31. TKeioyos iyZ4oy : that there vms need of (something) more ; rem 
pluribtis verbis egere (Hert.) ; iyS4oy, particip. instead of infin. after dpdw, 

ar. § 310, 4. ofiy^Ka with the accus. Gr. § 279, 4. cl : to ascer- 

^n whether. Cf. 4, 1, 8. I5ic6r)}y : a private man, used here in con- 
tradistinction from a fidyris. &y stands with yyuyai because in an 

mdependent sentence it would be tty ^vu, would have hnovm, 

§ 32. a4^ivico5 : cf. 6, 1, 16. aMy aft»r Bi4ficiX\€y and also aSter 

yofilCtiy refers to Xen. Tifjuuricoyi ; c£ 3, 2, 37. AapSayeT iyri : 

m opposition to Adxayi 6yri. The Greeks of Asia Minor had no high 
reputation for bravery. 

§ 33. ihy vKovs j : if there may be a voyage = if the wind is favorable. 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

868 K0TE8. 

CC Thocjd. 1, 137. fx4xpi irkovs ylyrrrat, -^- ^iccilire KOfrturxMfyio land 

CHAP. n. 

The army sails to Heraclea, where a sedition arises among them, and they 
separate themselves into three companies. The laigest, consisting cf 
Arcadians and Achaeans, chooses ten new commanders ; another com- 
pany remains under the command of Chirisophns ; and the third part 
attaches Itself to Xenophon. 

§ 1. The rivers here mentioned, as also the 'Icurotda iierif all except 
the Parthenins lay hetween Cotyora and Sinope and not hetween Sinope 
and Heraclea. This error arises from the fact that Xen. kept no exact 
record of the march after the arrival of the army in Armenia (as appears 
from his narrative), hut wrote the greater part merely from recollection. 

See lutrodnc. § 7. "Ipios : this Ionic form of the gen. is also nsed 

sometimes hy Attic writers in foreign words ; cf. 1, 2, 12. 

§ 2. ixl: cf. note 2, 8, 8. Others speak of the promontory of Taena^ 
ms in Laconia, others of Hermione in Argolis, and others still of Coronea 

in Bocotia as the place where Hercnles descended to the nnder^world. 

irK4oy . . . (TriSta : cf. note 4, 6, 11. 

§ 8. Kcpdfua : cf. note 6, 1, 16. T\4epm i c£, note 1, 2, 28. 

§ 4. ray arpvnrfStv^ depends on ^avfidCw, Gr. § 278, Rem. 20. — 
ov fxii : cf note on oixiri fiii 2, 2, 12. — &ir6$€y . . . ovk (earWf and 
there is no place from trhich we shall be able to obtain provisions on the march. 

The principal idea lies in the particip. as often. Kv(ucifyois : cf, note 

6, 6, 23. 

§ 5. {Uxor . . . fivplovs : a remark introduced parenthetically hy Xen« 

into the speech of Lycon. fid\a is not unfrequently added to avrUa 

as a strengthening particle. KoOrifiiyvy : this is the ordinary word 

spoken of the iiacKTiaiaif in which they were in the hahit of utting ; cf. 8, 
1, 88. Hence ia^laratrBai denoted the hreaking up of the assembly ; cf. 
8, 8, 1. 

§ 6. fiVl y oT: but some. Gr. § 831, Rem. 4. ot S4: I e. Chiriso- 
phns and Xen. — 5, ri = rovro 5, ti, in that which etc. ; rovro accus. 
syn. with kyctyKi^eiy. 

§ 10. €ya 'A0. ; , the allusion is to Xen. (r<l>as and o-^wy are reflex- 
ive and refer to the logical subject of the sentence, — the persons speakmg, 
— ijy : cf. note on ftray 1, 4, 4. 

§ 11. KoB* kavro^s, by themselves, alone. 

§ 12. iK rris yut^CTis : cf. note 6, 1, 18. &^* j[; = Mt raidnis }• 


by Google 

BOOK VI. OHAP. m. 869 

' § 14. ain-ot I Neon and Chiriaoplias. — abrwPf iptorum ; in thii fense 
it maj stand in this nnnsoal position, between the article and noon (KrOg.). 
EUhner however reads a^Sov instead of «brSiw» 6r. § 245, Rem. 4^ 

§ 16. in : for a while, ry ^/t^yi, of. note 4, 8, 26 ; also note 8, 

2, 9. X^ov Kol 4/Kcuw : the common formula in consolting an oracle 

or a god. On the pleonasm, of. note 1, 7, 8. 

§ 16. ol K\€dpxov BpfKcs : see 1, 2, 9. 

§ 17. rris Bp^Kfis : Bithynia is here called Thrace, since the Bithy- 
nians were a Thracian tribe. 

§ 18. ydp introdnces the reason whj he chose the least dangerous 

CHAP. m. 

Tl\e largest company set out first, and having arriyed at the port Calpe, 
march out into the territory of the Bithynians for Hie purpose of ob- 
taining booty. They meet with some success at first, but are at length 
surrounded by superior numbers and exposed to the most imminent 
danger. From this situation they are relieved by Xenophon and his 
party ; after which both repair to Calpe, where they find Chirisophus 
already landed. 

§ 2. Kd\ini : now called Kerpeh. — x6xovs : denotes here and in 
§ 4 and 5, the ten subdivisions of the Arcadian and Achaean forces, con- 
sisting of 4500 men (cf. 6, 2, 16). Hence the generals are called § 6 
XoxoyoL — ^yoy : sc. «s roArjiv. 

§ 3. ffwefidXovTOf ikey agreed upon. fire : cf. note 4, 2, 13. — 

'Kfpi€fid?i\oyro i ihey secured, to themselves, 

§ 4. 9U<l>€vyoy : being in the imperf. it denotes like ^iwptvyovrts what 
was repeated, perhaps at every village.— —ri cuyKtlfi^yoy i the place 
agreed upon, cf. § 3. 

§ 5. r4ws lUv : cf. note 4, 2, 12. — rpfirovTai : sc ol epficci. 

§ 6. wpdyiMTa i cf note 4, 1, 17. i/xa iifi€p<f la much less common 

than i/xa r$ ^A(^/>f * 

§ 7. ol S4: cf. note 3, 4, 4. — iiriouv : sc ol ^EAXijyfi. 

§ 8. rcXcvTtfyrc^ : cf. note on reXcvrwy 4, 5, 16. 

§ 9. r& &X\a : all the other things relating to a treaty except the giv- 
ing of hostages. ~— iv ro^^ tffx^o : at this point the negotiation stopped, 

§ 10. Topwvoiiiv^y tohile he was marching. The dat. of the particip. 
most frequently denotes the relation of time. 

§ 11. tri is here placed after a word of the clause to which it belongs^ 
to make that word (jfvv) more emphatic For the same reason, c^ ^iv, 



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370 NOTES. 

and other BimOar conjmictiozis are flometimes postpositive. —~- roXidp* 
fcovrroi • • . cTcy : of. note on rpi^mai . . . $x^^^ ^t ^i ^3* 

§ 12. vo\iopKovrreu : the idea of the first part of this compound is in 
actual use nearly lost. Cf. 4, 2, 15 ; also note on 4, 7, 22. 

§ 14. Z<reyf as far as ; sc. wpo€\0uy, Kcuphs . . . dfiTyoroiuarOatf 

80 at to he fawrdblt for tnjoying the evening mealj i e. so as to afford 

Bofficient exercise before partaking of food. i^op&y rifiasj heeping tis 

in nghL 

§ 15. Contains some explanatory remarks introdnced parenthetically 

into the speech. €l . . . KtuBop^^Vy if they should descry any thing (com- 

ing')from any quarter. — iirapTa Hr^ : c£l note 1, 1, 5. 

§ 16. o{t9t^un: an nncommon word, to no place, nowhere, iroAX^, 

ac. Ms. XpvcriiroKiv : cf. note 6, 6, 88. fi4yovin: sc. rifiiy, 

94 after jiivown corresponds to the foregoing ofk^ : cf. note 5, 5, 8. 

§ 17. raitn6¥ : cf. ry ofrry 1, 8, 14. On the form TaMr6y instead of 

Tai^6i see Gr. § 92, Rem. 2. tx^aQai with the gen. to cling to, he in 

earnest to secure, &f pvp . . . i<mv, thai it is now permitted (to ns), that 

toe may now, 

§ 18. robs iirfaKifyopftiaamas . . . tppoyovvras, those who have talked 
proudly as if they were wiser (than we) : vk4oy ^povttv means to he wiser, 
to he more cunning ; on the contraiy fji4ya ippoveiv, to he proud. For the 

allnsion, cf. 6, 2, 10. rohs inrh ray ^Qy ikpxofi4yov5, who hegin (eveij 

enterprise) with Qit from) the gods, &5 &y : cf. note 2, 5, 16. 

§ 19. 4^' tffov . . . cTxcf, a^far as it was well, sc. 9uunrc(p€<r0at, ■ 

Hnrapi6yT€5 : cf. note 8, 4, 30. ^ ffrparid, the main army ; sc. ^jceue. 

-— al0€(r0ai, to he on fire, a poetic word. 

§ 21. 4-wA rdxurra, as soon as / cf. 8, 1, 9. 

§ 22. 4\dy$ayoy . . . y€y6fi.eyoi, unconsciously to themselves arrived upon 

the hill; or as we might say, sooner than they were atoare (of it). ^o- 

JsMpKovvro is another of the many instances where the English idiom 

wonld require the pluperf. instead of the import KaroAeXei/i^vovf : 

cf. note 4, 7, 14. 

§ 23. &^* k<nr4pas : after evening set in, itvh denotes the beginning 

of a transaction as ^is denotes the termination (cf. 1, 7, 1). 5irov, sc. 


§ 24. 6is . . . \ifi4ya is used because o'vfjLfit^ai implies the idea to go, 

§ 25. rifieis fi^y ydp : this clause implies something of this sort as going 

before, " but our coiyectures were incorrect,** for etc. 4^6K0vy : ct 

note 1, 4, 7. 

§ 26. i^rjKty, had expired, t^ vap* rifiiy, lit. the things with u#, i. o. 

our situation. 


by Google 


CHAP. rv. 

The soldiers refuse to encamp in Calpe, a place stronglj fortified bj nature, 
lest the generals contrive to detain them there and found a city. They 
prefer to remain in an exposed situation on the sea-shore. AAerwards 
they pass a decree that no one, imder penalty of death, shall again 
propose to divide the army. Widiing to go out on a foraging expedi- 
tion, they find the omens unfavorable. Neon nevertheless goes out 
with 2000 men, but is attacked and defeated by the cavalry of Phama- 
bazus. He is rescued from complete destruction by Xenophon. 

§ 1, airrov . . . iir( : cf. note 2, 2, 1. M> rod arSfwros rov USv- 

rov is to be repeated in idea ; beginning with the mouth of the Euxine, ex- 
tends (iarly) (from it) cufar as etc. The arSfut rod I16vtov is the Thracian 

Bosphorus ; cf. 7, 1, 1. *llpaK\€ias = 'HpaKXcfc^iSos. Cf. note on 

ivr^ . , . U6yT<p 4, 8, 22. tltnrK^ovri : cf. note on vpotovari 3, 2, 22. 

§ 2. rpi'fip€i . . . K^atSf to a galley with oars. Not an unusual mode 
of denoting geographical distances among the Greeks. Cf. Thucyd. 2, 97. 

ilfi4pas . . . t\ov5 : a very long day^s voyage. The distance was 760 

stadia. &AAi : cf. note 3, 2, 13. — iicirlvruv : to suffer shipwreck, 

Cf. 7, 6, 12 and 13. ^nvd i is explained like rk Icxara 3, 1, 18. 

robs "EWijvar : cf. note on iy ry fiacriX^ws x^P^ ^i 2> ^3. 

§ 3. vKf^vTcoy: of (t^yboiib) sailing. No subject is expressed because 

no definite subject is thought of. iy ry ^odKArry TpoKcifitvov : a con- 

structio praegnans for vporeiyoy (extending) €ts r^y ^dKarray &<rr€ Kti- 
(r$ai iy ahry. (Hert) fidKurra : cf. note 6, 4, 12. 

§ 4. avry : cf. note on abrov 3, 4, 41. — rh irphs k<nc4pay : towards 
the west, on the west side. The expression is called adverbial by Kuh. See 

Gr. § 279, Rem. 10. &<l>eoyos is taken as predicate with piovcra^ 

taking the place of an adverb. Cf. Thucyd. 2, 6. 6 yhp 'Aarwrhs ipp<rn 

§ 6. iy r^ \ifi4yi : at the harbor, Cf. npte 4, 8, 22. 

§ 7. rh ir^KuTfia tiy y€y6fityoyf i, e. rh x«p/oy h 7r6\urfjM hy iy4yerOf 

the place (cf. § 14, 21,) which might become a citadel. <rrparoTeS€{tea'dai 

^Isf to go and encamp in etc. 

§ 8. ydp assigns the reason for the sentence at the end of the section, 

rotovrot , . . ir^CcffOat, Cf. note 3, 2, 29. filovj means of subsistence. 

' fiurOoipopdyf eapeditionem (Sturz). iLKoioyrts, became they heard 

of connected by hXKik to oh airdyct filou. koI Ay^pas Ayoyrcs : cf. note 

on Kal T^ ffrp. 1, 9, 31. ToWh Kai : koI unites also adjectives, the 

first of which we are accustomed to join adverbially to the second. This 
occults most frequently with ToXis. KrOg. Spr. 69, 32, 3. Hence we may 


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372 KOTES. 

render iroXX& Kcd iyoBit vpirrtu^, did (or fared) extreindy wtU; L e. ao 
quired a fortune* 

§ 9. T^ J . . . ffw6Zov is governed by the comparative larrdpa : later 
than = after their arrival, — irefiirra^oi : cf. note on (TKotcuoi 2, 2, 17. 

rovs iK, : cf. note on rwy waph fiatriX^ws 1, 1, 6. ^ic twv wa-op- 

X^yrotyi according to their means. Cf. ^ic T«y SwaT&F 4, 2, 23. ots 

. . . avrois : cf. note on %v 1, 9, 29. 

§ 11. Tov KoiTov: cf. note 6, 7, 84. funjaOy: cf. L. & S. fxifurfi- 

CKw— 2. to mention. icot^ X^P'^y •** ^***' rMp«cft»e places, — — Jrcp 

cTxc ; cf. note 2, 2, 21. ri iKtluov^ his place ; cf. 6, 6, 36. 

§ 12. T^y wopeiay, governed by Tcoiifriov, — rf irore icol &AXot€ : lit, 
if at any other time also ; i. e. now if ever. Cf. fif ris K<d &AAos 1, 3, 16. 

§ 18. 6 JiiKavhs 6 *A/i. Inasmuch as Silanus is already known to the 
reader, the article can be prefixed, although an apposition with the article 

immediately follows. dvoSc^fMUci : cfl 6, 2, 16. — lyiyvero : c£ 

note 2, 2, 3. 

§ 14. ohciirai, from ohciCca, Observe the difference between this word 
and ouc^w. 

§ 16. ry a^pioy, sc. rifi4p<f, — rhy fiovXSfieyoy : cf. note 1, 8, 9. 

§ 16. tls Tpis : even to a third time ; cfl § 19 below. 

§ 18. &pa : of. note 2, 2, 8. &s or Bri should properly be omitted. 

(Erug.) The fact that both are introduced is explained on the ground 
that two different constructions are xmited in one sentence. — us yhp iyit 
^Kowra fi4\\ei, and iyit yhp ^Kowra 5ri fi4\K€i, Our idiom requires that 
we should adopt one or the other of these latter constructions in trans- 
lating, for we cannot combine both. The clause iiwh rod . . . iJKowrd 

riyos may be rendered, / heard hy a certain person from the boat that arrived 
accidentally yesterday etc. ; or kwh rod ahroyuirov may be taken adverbially 

= adroju^rctfs, and ^Koyros wXoiov would then be gen. absolute. 6 iK 

BvC &pfi* Cf. note 1, 2, 8. 

§ 19. ovK t^ : c£ note 1, 8, 1. For the force of /*< with the par- 

ticip. see Gr. § 81-8, 5. 

§ 20. a-xt^^y rtj nearly ; ri is often joined thus to o^cS^f and inbv, 

modifying them and rendering them less positive. ^icvicXoSyro, in the 

plural, because the subject is collective. C£ K&irroyrts 2, 1, 6. 

§ 21. 4v r^ epvfjLy^ x* » <^^* § ^ ^^^ ^i &nd 7. &s ttsi ct. note 1, 

8i 1. •— — Tpox^polvi : might he favorable. The word irpox»p^ is not 
uncommon in this sense ; cf. L. & S. 

§ 22. l4oy : accus. ab& ; cf. note 2, 5, 22. iwh a/id^s : lit. from 

ufider a toagon, or as we should say, from under the yoke. For the force 

of Oir6 with the gen., cf. Gr. § 299, 1. irpoOw/ieurdcu, to interest him" 

felfin the vMtUr^ i e. to undertake the managemient of the sacrifioee. cl> 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK VI. OHAP. V. 878 

(to ascertain) whether; ri ip roW^ cfi/, there might he any ihmg in Ikis ; 
L e. to ascertain whether the sacrifices wonld be more favorable if another 
should preside over them instead of Xen. — — - iy4yero : sc. t^ Upd, 

§ 23. rohs hvBpdrirovi &s : cf. note rSy fiapfidpwy . . . &f, 1, 1, 5. — * 
&s iiyffi6yos ia'Ofi4yoVf as if (promising that) ihere would be a gidde ; yiz. 

the Heracleote. Bopariois : c£ note 6, 2, 4. tit ZurX' ^*t ^^• 

note 5, 2, 4. 

§ 24. &s iirl : cf. note 4, 8, 11. ^apyafidCov : the Persian satrap 

of lesser Phiygia. vpwrot : the Greeks were afterwards attacked by 

the Bithynians § 26. fiii iXOeiyj from coming; on this nse of /t^, cf. 

note 1, 3, 2; but also 2, 3, 9. fx§7oy: cf. note on ir\4oy 1, 2, 11. 

After fxfioyf T\4oy, and ^\arroy, il is often omitted before the numeraK 
Cf. 7, 1, 27. (Hert.) t^ lipos : c£ note on rod 6povs 3, 4, 24. 

§ 26. Ktd ijSri ftiy : it is conjectured that re should stand instead offi^y. 
Cf. note 1, 8, 1. fx4xpi tis: cl note 4, 6, 6. 


The Greeks, alarmed by the dangers that surround them, consent to en* 
camp in Calpe. Ab soon as the omens become favorable, Xenophon 
leads forth the army, and the barbarians are vanquished. 

§ 2. iire^6dia is dommonly explained as = leph hr* i^6B(j^ : Hert fol- 
lowing Schneider thinks the true reading may be iw* i^6S<p, 

§ 4. rovroy : this one with his soldiers. hrl ffrparo-wi^ov : an un- 
common construction instead of (rrparo-K4Z<p, at the enoampmenL The Greek 
article is omitted as often happens in designations of place (n6\i5, iarvf 
i,yp6s etc.)) especially when joined with prepositions. 

§ 6. rod Ktparos, of the army marching in column, uroiriciiiiyoi 

Kardf having placed . . . near, dir6(rovs , , » rh KcpaSt as many as the 

army had within its reach, as many as the army extended over, 

§ 7. 7ifi4pas is gen. abs. with fieo-o^a^s, and w4pa is an adv. ; we may 

render the clause, aJUr the middle of the day, 8, ri refers to^iwiriiBeM 

as in 4, 1, 9 ; cf. note 1, 1, 6. — iyr6s : cf. note 1, 10, 8. iK rod 

iyavriou : cf. note on iK rod iiyrioVf 1, 8, 23. 

§ 8. M rod Tp^ov : cf. note 4, 3, 9. 

§ 9. \6xovs ^^Xwcas : reserve companies , ipj&XMcas has the same gram- 
matical construction as 6irur0o<f>6Xa^iy 4, 1, 6. 

§ 10. T^if, sc. 696y, in the way towards etc. ; cf. note 2, 2, 10. 

Ji^« : c£ note 2, 1, 9. rovs reXevraiovs \6xov5, the reserve companies 

mentioned § 9. 


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874 NOTBS. 

§ 11. Ijavxoi : this abject, is seldom so used. Hert dtes Cyrop. 5, 8, 
56. i^vxS ^ f^ more common. -^'— &y(£ has here the distribntiye mean- 
ing; c£ 8, 4, 21. riiy fuiv, so. ri^w, M rh 94^ioy irirpe^ey 

directed towards the right, i^hrtirOcu i,iro\iir6yTasy so as to follow having 

left an interval of etc. ; i,iro\iir6yTaSf cf. note on K^mroprts 2, 1, 6. -H^y 

9^ fiia^f but the remaining one, 

§ 12. rh vixos : on the repetition of this nomi instead of a prononn, 

cf. note 8, 2, 23. mparyrtols x cf. note on ffrparrryot 8, 5, 7.— 

iiyoifAtvov : cf. note 2, 2, 4. 

§ 13. 8r< . . . cfi}, that it was not worth the while to consider ; i. e. it 
was clear without fnrther deliberation that they onght not to do it. 

§ 14. iBtXoiffioy belongs to /ac. CC note 2, 1, 16. tU Mp^Urifra 

is to be connected closely with 5($|i}5, reputation for hravery ; cf. note 
2, 6, 80. 

§ 16. irpofiaX\ofi4vovs i <£ note on vpofidKMtu rk ZirXa 1, 2, 17. The 
opposite in meaning is firrafiaXXofAdyovs, 

§ 17. Toirovs . . • ainro6s : cf. note on ficuriXia • • • oJn6v 2, 4, 7. 

Zilcur9ai : cf. note on <rto^wat 2, 1, 19. iiriSyrwv, sc ^/t«y ; c£ note 

on l<$Kr«y 1, 4, 12. 

§ 18. xc^cirt^^ dt^lK^ to pass ; as in 4, 8, 2, and 5, 1, 17. ip* 

obx^ • • • &(foy, if tif not worth the while even to seize hastily the opportunity 
(instead of avoiding it) ? ^— Air5 rod x»P^ov 9i9^ice<r0ai, fo take occasion 
from the place to become convinced, *AW denotes with pass. Terbs the 
occaaon for an action; iir6 denotes the action as being accomplished. 

§ 19. »«5 94 : sc. ^Mfiwrit Utrrat, — h. ,. 6pri for rit tpn & 

§ 20. Sc^o'ci 5/, j(.r.X., ha if we arrive there the sooner^ it wiU he neces- 
sary the sooner etc. 

§ 21. Upd and tr^yta : ct note 1, 8, 15. tufiev : for a similar 

asyndeton, cf. fdyrirt 8, 1, 24. 

§ 22. Mxwov, sc. Bevo^wyro. — jcol Zs : cf. note 1, 8, 16. -^— tow 

pdirovs depends on J. iy belongs to y€v4ffBai. Cf. 5, 6, 1. — — 1^ «! 

. . . i^tfiJip^mOf than if they deJUed over the bridge etc^ 

§ 23. M rats ^pais : c£ note 2, 4, 4.' 

§ 24. iff^iUvi is a predicate : fferades as leader, ^9^ is predicated 

of the whole sentence, it is pleasant etc. MpetSy n ical Ka\6y: the 

object of eMyra and iroi^o'aKra. /'•yfifi'V^ , • • lovrow, to occasion a 

remernbrance qf himself (among those) amof)^ t&Aom one toishes (to be remem- 
bered). Supply ris with ^0^Xc<. 

§ 26. irapriyy4W€To : impers. orders were given. — M rhy . . . Hx^iy' 
a verb of rest accompanied with a constraction implying motion: that 
Oaving placed) their spears on the right shoMcr they should hold (them 


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^tieie), Gf. note on irapriaay tls 1, 2, 2, -^— tnitudvoi : cf. note on itriK' 

irry^e 1, 2, 17. — — KaB^yras ; sc. rit 96para, having lowered their spears , 

L e. haying taken them from their shonlders where they rested ; cf. § 27. 

ffiy07]fia : without the article becanse it is predicate. — irop?}« ♦ 

passed along (the ranks) ; c£ 1, 8, 16. Ka\hy tx^iv rh xwp^ov = KoShp 

€lyai rh x^P^^^ ^ ^X"*^^^* 

§ 26. ol "EXXrivts ir€\T. : cf. note on 'EXX^wy 8, 4, 26. 

§ 28. &s 6\iyoi 6yr€S : considering that they were few^ i. e. with their 

small number} about forty horsemen; cf. 6, 2, 16. koB* ^: opposite 

which, &re : cf. note 4, 2, 13. 

§ 29. Ijiri : at once ; often used in this sense, cf. 1, 8, 11 ; 8, 1, 46. 

§ 80. itir€ifyfiKt<ray fiiy^ Zfiots 94 : lit. they had become weary, but still etc. 
It would be more natural for us to say, although they had become weary, 
stUl etc. — &5 . . . &yaira^0'cuKTo, thai (the enemy) might not recover con^ 
Jidence by rest. 

§ 81. S does not, says Kriig., refer to ydrosf but to the whole clause, 
which Jact. — ^u&Koyrts : the particip. is used because irpoaireTpdToyTO = 

§82. ry0a: cf. note 4, 1,2. 


The Greeks obtain much booiy from the country of the Bithynians. Mean- 
while Cleander the Spartan governor of Byzantium arrives in company 
with Dexippus, by whom he had been greatly prejudiced against the 
army. This prejudice is removed by Xenophon. The command of 
the army being offered to Cleander, he declines it, as the omens 
are not favorable. The army marches under its former commanders 
through Bithynia, and arrives with much plunder at Chrysopolis. 

§ 1. eJxoy ifiipl : cf. note 6, 2, 26. — -^ mpolfs . . . avxa : on the asyn- 
deton, cf. note 2, 4, 28. 

§ 2. i?idfjL$ayoy : held possession of that which they took } as the connec- 
tion indicates that it means. 

§ 8. iupiKyovyro : predicated of inanimate objects ; cf. 9l\0oy 4, 8, 24. 
— Hfffifyoi : cf. note 2, 1, 16. 

§ 4. To\l(fiy : not used elsewhere by Attic writers ; found in Hom., 

Herod., and later writers. 94oi is as usual impers. and the remainder 

of the clause 5, r< . . . cTvot is the logical subj. of Seoi. We may render 
thus, what they must do to befriends, — iirc^elKyvey, showed, presented; to 
convince the army how unportant the new city might become. 

§ 5. K\4ayipos : cf. 6, 4, 18. koX M \eiay . . . €?s rh 6pos : thus 


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876 K0TE8. 

interpreted by Kiibner, and some (happened) to have gone/or booty Qn the 
plain) ; others in another Erection to the mountain ; ynih olx6fi.tyoi supply 
from the foregoing iriyxai^y ; &&d as it is evident firom the foregoing 
narrative that the Greeks had plundered chiefly the level countiy ; so the 
writer adds &KK01 &KKp fls rh 6pos (sc. M \eiav oix&iiwoi iriryxayov). 

T^ tpos : on the article, cf. note 3, 4, 24. Ac|/vt^ : cC 6, 

1, 16. 

§ 7. ivoKakovvr^s is fireqnentative in meaning. The common word, 
used to denote an opprobrious epithet, is ^iroKoXeiv. — rhv xpd^6rnv : 
not simply a traitor, but emphatically the trakor, 

§ 8. tri oifihy cfi} irpayfut^ thai it was a matter of no importance. 

ravra yw4(r0M depends on ofrioy after the analogy of the expression oi(ri6s 
Ti (cf. § 15) ; the occasion of these things taking place, 

§ 9. &Si on the ground that ihey toere, sc. Syras, 

§ 11. 9ih Tfkovs : aJtoays, constantly, ^| ot : in consequence ofvhich, 

L e. because he was a constant friend of Xen. •• 9i4fia\€v avrSy^ column 

mated him ; reported to Oleander that Agasias was the person who com- 
menced casting stones.— -»irap' h)dyov iroiovvrOf made light of; vap* 
hhiyovj means properly hg the side 0/* L e. like a small affair. 

§ 12. ifioi 94 : cf. note 4, 6, 10. tts tKoaros is in apposition with 

the implied subject of cl<r(, i. e. ol AoKtHatfUyiou Cf. note on eKdonf 
1, 7, 15. 

§ 14. iyhs Mp6sf alluding to Agasias. ikT4x€a^ai, should be Icepl 


§ 15. 4yii> pL^y oZy is repeated on account of the parenthetical clause. 
I- Ti, in any respect^ modifies aXrtoy. 

§ 16. ifwrhy vapatrx^'iy Kpiyai : cf. note on trapcxoyrts 2, 3, 22. ■ 
ianl 9c : we cannot translate $4 here ; it is used because this clause is an 

antithesis to the preceding oUfieyoi . . . re^^caOat. ou5' Zftoioi instead 

of /ci}5* ifjL, because the negative does not belong to the whole clause, but 

to the particular word which it precedes. ctp|<(/ceda has a pass. 


§ 17. 6/Ao\oya is independent in gram, construction : cf. note 5, 8, 10. 

§ 18. /A^ ^kSwtc : for the use of ju^ in prohibitions, see Gr. § 259, 5. 
— ifi&y altr&y depends on otrty^Sf having chosen from yourselves (per- 
sons) who etc. 

§ 20. iic4\€v<r4 <re . . . Kplyavrd ffe aindy: a repetition of the personal 
pronoun after an intervening clause is not uncommon : exhorted you . . . 
that having yourself placed us on trial you should use us as you please etc. 

§ 22. A4^iinroy . . . aIpf$4yTaf and I know that Dexippus was chosen etc ; 
ace. and particip. Gr. § 310, 4. The remaining participles of this sentence 
axe in the same construction and consequently to be rendered as finite 


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Fefbs. irn<rdfitBa : cf. note 5, 1, 11. — ^^* ^e : cC note 4, 


§ 23. rh M ro^(pf cu/ar as depended on this person. &iroXi6Xa^c^ 

expresses the fact more positively than &iroXi6Xci/Acy iy, — &<nrep ri/ius : 
it was not howeyer till after fte flight of Dezippns that they first learned 
this fact ; cf. 5, 6, 9. rovrov . . . 6yra refers to Dezippns, and another 

aeons, (rhy ivdpa) is nnderstood as the immediate object of iupetXSfiriy. 

§ 24. ij-ycj, h(td been conducting (him away). — rwv . . . ittroSpdyTuVf 
sc. ris. ' y6fuCe commonly takes the infin., bnt here Uke cd tffBi it takes 
the particip. : consider that you put to death etc. 

§ 26. &|iovTc : sc. Kpi$4yT€s rrjs ^licris rvxetv. rris ^Iktjs : cC note 

1, 8, 20. 

§ 26. r6y^e rhy KvSfMt, L e. Agasias. 

§ 27. AyeoOoUf in being led away. Supply after this, the idea, 56 

§ 28. T^ H-^poSt his part, rois ?<yarais : c£ § 5 aboye. ^pay : 

a Laconian word for law^ or decree, 

§ 30. v4fvlfayras : cf. note on \afi6yra 1, 2, 1. ApaxSyrioy : men- 
tioned 4, 8, 26. 

§ 81. £^€iTo : submitted (it) to you, ifio^Kov^ instead of /io^Xci, is 

assimilated to the tense of it^uro, airovvrtu koI S^oktcu : the urgency 

of the entreaty is more fnlly denoted by the use of both words. 

§ 33. rrapay€y6fi€yoy koX &p^ayra ictttray^ having come and being com- 
mander o/ themselves etc. 

§ 34. yaX rii> ok^ is Laconian instead of v^ r^ ^€^ : by the twin gods. 

TapaSiiwciyf sanction (it) by favorable omens. 6yrtoi Ij : c£ note 

on rkyayria Ij 6, 8, 24. iylwy is in apposition with ^fimy. 

§ 36. o6k ire\4a-$fi rh Icpd seems to be Laconian for ovk iyiyyero r. L 
' iKfitrc : €lt Bv{<iyTtoy. 

§ 88. ouieyi is neuter ; no booty. roi/fiTa\iy {nroarp^ayr^s : cf. 

note 4, 3, 82. km-aioi : cf. note 6, 3, 2. Xpvir^oMs : now called 

TJskudar (Scutari) ; the Asiatic suburb of Constantinople. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

378 NOTES. 


The remaining moyementa of the annj till they are placed under the 
command of Thimhron. 


The Spartan admiral Anaxibins, influenced by Phamabazos, persuades the 
Greeks by false promises of pay to cross oyer to Byzantium. Again 
by false promises he induces them to eyacuate the city. Exasperated 
by such treatment, they rush back into the city by force and are on 
the point of further yiolence ; but being appeased by Xenophon, Ihey 
leave the city a second time. Coeratades a Theban makes proposals 
to the army to which they accede, but being unable to fulfil his pro- 
mises, he voluntarily relinquishes the command. 

§ 1. Iirpa|ay and hroiovy are used here without any important differ- 
ence of meaning. 1(» rod 0^6/10^0$, sc. rod UStnov : ^|« is used with 

reference to the place where the army had been ; taking Greece as the 
point of observation, it would have been cTo'w. 

§ 2. <l>o$oifi.€yos rh arpdrtvfia /i^ = <f>ofio6fi€vos /a^ rh ffrp., cf. note 1, 
1, 6. — ^-- 9^01, sc. TOiciv ^apvdfia(oy, 

§ 4. avvitafidtrroy sc. ry arpare^fMrt, — Hiretra ovrws : ttftenoards 
thus ; ^ir€trd, as also othwSf is not unfirequently used after a particip. ; but 
both together can scarcely be used thus. (Hert.) 

§ 5. Sff^y : cf. 7, 2, 82. 1^ . . . 8r< : the particle 8r< after 

^>dyai is very rare ; ^dycu comm. takes the accus. with the infin. ; on the 
position of 8ri, cC note 6, 3, 11. 

§ 6. itWd ! ct note 1, 7, 6. reXelru : sc. Sc^Oiji. hrucaiplovs^ 

sp6ken of persons it means influential^ the chief persons^ referring here to 
the generals. 

§ 7. iwunrl(€<rBcu, in order to purchase provisiont, with which to etc. 
Ct KoitiCtw 4, 5, 22. 

§ 8. ^ivos yrytyii/Adpos : c£ 6, 6, 36. — /i^ irot^crpy : cfl note 6, 6, 18. 

— f I 8^ /a4 : cf. note 4, 3, 6. i^^prei in the liaconian dialect = 

i^4px€Tai, (Hert) 

§ 10. irop€v<r6/Awov : cf. note on \afi6yra 1, 2, 1. 

§ 11. 8r< ahrhs a&rhv aindcerou : that he himself might blame himself 
for the consequences of not being present at the militaiy review. 

§ 12. *ET€6yucos : a prominent Lacedaemonian who figured in the 
Peloponnesian war. Thucyd. 8, 23 ; Xen^Hell. 1, 6, 26, and often. 


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BOOK vn. CHAP. I. 379 

§ 18. tSaXa rit hrirffieut : the other thmgt theproviswrUf L e. the other 
means of guhsittence ; ri hrvHjfi^M being in apposition-' wiih rSxXo. — 
KwiffKos'. a Lacedaemonian as appears from 7, 2, 2 and 16. 

§ 14. 9<a77^AX€< agrees in form with the nearest subject^ but belongs 

also in idea to the more remote rwis. Upiiv 6pos : a mountain, which 

as appears &om this passage and firom 7, 8, 8, lay on the way from Byzan- 
timn or Perinthns to the Cherronesos. — • — ledtcXtp : by a drcuUmu route ; 
c£ 4, 2, 5. 

§ 15. 9ic\^yTo : sc. ol arparriyoL &$ tlffiSyreSj as if with the 

intention etc. ; cf. note on I4vai 1, 8, 1. § 17, rV Xt^'hv : the breakwater. 
The stones which were cast up in front of the wall on the side towards the 
sea, to prevent the violence of the waves &om doing injury to the wall, 
were called xv^'h' (Scholiast on Thucyd. 1, 63, cited by Hert) — rats 
iHyms : these and other similar implements were carried with the army 
on wagons or beasts of burden. (Hert) — '• — rh KXeWpay the fastenings, the 
bars, seems here to denote the same thing as rhy fiox^y above. Com- 
monly rh K\€Wpa is thought to denote the vertical bolts at the base of 
doors or gates ; and 6 fioxK^s the horizontal bar extending across them. 
Cf. Die. Antiqq. 

§ 19. MoUf within doors, in their houses* — iv rats rpi4ip€<n : one 
would expect here iv avrais. For similar repetitions, cf. note 8, 2, 28. 

§ 20. T^v &Kpay = -H^y iucp&iroXiy, 

§ 21. iy9pl : used emphatically as we often use the coiresponding £ng. 

word. ^x*** • • • ^X*** • ^^ ^<**® ^^ ^***** • • • ^Z**** ^1 1| ^7* 

§22. fiov\6fjLeyos a(nohs Karrjptfila-at is closely joined with &ir«- 

§ 28. els 6Kr<& : eight men deep. This appears to have been at that 
time the ordinary depth of the line for heavy-armed men. (Rostow n. 
KOchly Gesch. d. gr. Kriegsw. S. 118. cited by Hert.) 

§ 24. oXoy qualifies the following superlative, in the same manner as 
&s and Zri. — KoXoiiuyoy : cfl note on KOLKoviuiyri 1, 2, 18. — ^icctro : 

cf note on Ku<rdai 4, 2, 20. ovyKoiXu: so that they should form a 

ring aroimdhim. 

§ 26. oh'hiy is constructed like ti 6, 6, 16. — t i(rrai iyr€v$€y : 
what win be from thence, i. e. whai will be the consequences, 

§ 26. iro\4fuoi iu4y : one would expect here ydp epexegetic. rk 

yvy 8^ yry€yiifi4ya I the things which have even now taken place ; referring^ 
to the Peloponnesian war, which ended four years previous to this time, 
i. e. in 404 B. C. 

§ 27. ^apx^yrwy 94 : cf. note on jcoi 1, 10, 6. iy rp v6\ti ; 

Thucyd. in speaking of the same thing says iy ry iucpo7r6\€t, the Acro« 
polls being the place where the treasures of the city were preserved.—— 


by Google 

880 - NOTES. 

rii HifhifM denotes ike doihettic producU on idiich duties weie laid. *— • 
jl irtpopta : foreign lands. The tribate firam the Athenian allies aocording 
to Thncyd. 2, 18. amounted at the beginning of the Pelopon. war to 600 

§ 28. iy before olSfuOa belongs to xaBtty, Cf. Ay 5, 6, 1. &yw : cf. 

note 1, 2, 1. ZffTis : cf. note 2, 5, 12. 

§ 29. ToTs 4iii.€T4poi$ avT&v <piX(us ^ ro7s iifA&y abr&y <l>i\ois. — icai 
9iKai«s is predicated most natnrallj of the nearest word arparwtrofi.tptus. 

jcol ravra : ct note 1, 4, 12. ' ohZtidw stands after e^, because 

in its strict hypothetical meaning this particle belongs only to the clause 
'£A\i}W8a S^ j(.r.X. ; while the first clause fidpfiapoy fih^ ir6\iy j(.r.X., 
expresses a fixed fact, in reference to which tl = hrei. (Hert.) — i^aXa- 
xdCu is poetic. 

§ 80. iriieiy : cf. note 8, 1, 13. — — ^/a/, the subj. cfyeyMai denoting 
the same person as the subj. of etixo/Mi, would not by the general rule be 
expressed (Gr. § 810, 8} ; hence a special emphasis is imparted to the 
word by exjHressing it in so unusual a connection (Gr. § 810, Rem. 1). 
— "EWiywu 6yras : cf. note on XapSrra 1, 2, 1. 

§ 31. TdfA^ayras : cf. note 2, 3, 1. Uri : cf. note 1, 6, 7. 

A\A* fjy . , , eipiiTK^ffdau. : supply mentally ebprn<r6iutyoi, — kKki : «ft7/, 
yet / cf. 8, 2, 8. 

§ 83. KaBrifi4y«y : ct note 6, 2, 5. ^^(rfwy : ct note 1, 1, 7 ; r^v 

'£AAc(8a is considered by ErQg. and Eiih. as dependent on leepnjeu — — • jccd 

Tifrc: cf. note 4, 8, 11. AiXrai the triangolar peninsula of Thrace 

in the neighborhood of the Bosporus, and northward £rom Byizantium ; 

ci, 7, 5, 1. fA6\Mrty : a poetic word (from fiK^Kw). — tls iuf^Boytay 

= h^B6v«os» Cf. note 4, 7, 8. 

§ 84. ijcolown . . . roh crpari^cus stands as though § 85 began with 
l8o|c t^x^fFdoUf iiireXBeiy. The anacoluthon is occasioned by the paren- 
thetical clause IflrtKpiywro ict.\. r^XcCi : cf. note 2, 6, 4. kwosy- 

7ffA.c7, /iov\c^o<ro : observe the change of mood and tense ; c£ note 2, 
2, 15. 

§ 86. eU rfiv : cf. note 1, 7, 1. 

§ 86. verpdcofiM : used as simple fut. pass, instead of xpoB^coiuu^ 
which is not Attic. 

§ 87. iXaiSiv Tp€is : in fdU rptis ^ipovres iXai&y tpopriov Stray fiiyurrq^ 
ii^yayro, &s hrl: ct note 4, 8, 11. 

§ 89. \4ytiy : a transition to the oratio obliqua. ^x^evcy : so. 


§ 41. iroW&y (sc. iwirn^tlvy') iyiiti tiJtnf : and when he lacked mutk 

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BOOK vn. CHAP. n. 381 

CHAP. n. 

Many of the soldiers now leave the army, and a considerable number are 
sold as slaves by Aristarchns who had succeeded Oleander as governor 
of Byzantium. The army wishes to return to Asia, but is prevented 
by Ajistarchus, who also attempts to get Xenophon into his power. 
Xenophon is thus induced to repair by night to the Thracian chief 
Seuthes and ascertain on what terms he wiU take the army into his 

§ 1. The persons here mentioned are first spoken of as commanders in 
8, 1, 47. Phiyniscus alone has not been before mentioned. That he was 
a general appears partly from the way in which his name is here intro- 
duced ; partly firom § 29 and fh>m 7, 5, 4 and 10. It is surprising that 
the name of Cleanor is not mentioned with the others. 

§ 2. rainit ifio6\orro : tnshed the same things, L e. to cross over into 
Asia ; cf. 7, 6, 12. 

§ 3. &iro8t9<(/i€yoi, setting, — Kotr^ robs x&povs : in the covntry, in the 

§ 4. 9ta/^d€ip6fifyoy rh trrpdn-wfia is explanatory of ravra, 

§ 5. 8t(£8oxo^ KXtdyHptp : successor of Oleander, — Zffoy oif : almost. 

§ 6. iLyayKd(»y oIkI^ ^ix^trBeu : compelling (the inhabitants) to receive 
them into their houses ; oMff in the singular is predicated of many persons 
by an idiom not uncommon in our language. Cf. yy^firjv 1, 7, 8 ; tOd- 
fuucos 4, 6, 25 ; {<&yny 4, 7, 16 ; vaXr6y 6, 4, 12. 

§ 7. ndptoy : a city in Mysia on the Propontis eastward from Lamp- 
sacus. — Karh rh ovyKtifieya : cf. 7, 1, 2. It is probable that money 
had been promised and that he now demanded it. 

§ 8. "Sityo^wyra : it seems that he had accompanied Anaxibius, as 
proposed 7, 1, 39. — ^ xdurp rix^V **^ M-VX^ • cf. note 4, 6, 16. — 
Uipiydoy : a city in Thrace on the Propontis, afterwards called Heraclea, 
now called Eregli. ■ rotr, with the requisite etc. — — hri rh crpdrtvfia : 
which according to § 28 was at Selymbria. 

§ 10. {nrurxyoifAtyos . . . "Kfitrtty : promising him that in saying which he 
thought he should persuade (him) ; cf. § 25. 

§ 11. ii,iro<nrd(raSj sc. robs iavrov, which is implied in the connection. 

§ 12. &»€?»€ fi'fi : for the use of /t^, cf. note 1, 3, 2. 

§ 18. Sri : cf. note 1, 6, 7. — roiyvy : there/ore, to prove to you that 

I have a right thus to act. Cf. note 5, 1, 2. rf/Se : in this place. He 

was Harmost in Perinthus as well as in Byzantium ; cf. 7, 6, 24. 

§ 14. xpoicifiie^ai : sends them forward away from himself, i. e. to 
Perinthus. aMs belongs to fio^Koiro, 


by Google 

382 NOTES. 

§ 16. rov KmKOiTorros refers to AristarchuB. — twBa : 4v XcfywH^^. 
■ T^ iKu ipfi, : r^ KwitTK^ 7, 1, 18. — itrdyitfi : so. ^p, 

§ 16. liKorrts : oC note 2, 1, 9. 

§ 17. 2lreu : of. note 2, 2, 8. 194mfos : he had withdrawn fh>m the 

amy (§ 11> 

§ 18. iffiifAou : having no tentineU near them, 

§19. cl: so.crir* 

§ 20. &ycMrc94o'aKrf 5 : so. M rohs X-nrovs, i^lwKov : they hastened 

away to tell Senthes. 

§ 21. iyKtxa\uwfi4rou : inifA &n<IZe<7 (horses). Of. note on tu^t^, 6, 17. 

§ 22. T^pfis : perhaps the same whom Thncyd. mentions (2, 29} as the 
father of Sitalces, and as the one who made the kingdom of the Odiysae 
more powerfol than all the rest of Thrace. ' irb ro^wv r&p hf^pStv : 

hy these men^ i. e. by the men dtodling in this region, fAdXMrra yvKr6s : 

especially hy night. 

§ 23. /Uy Tp&TOP instead of the nsual order vp&roy fi.4p ; cf. note 1, 
9, 5. — jcetr^ rhp Bp^tuop p6fiop belongs simply to Kipara, not to xpo^ 
Tipop; since the drinking to one another's health was also a Grecian 

§ 24. Iire/4as : 7, 1, 5. 

§ 25. addu : § 10. r^ . . . x^P^^ • ^^^^ definitely mentioned 


§ 26. 101 pvp : the more poetic form yip (inst&d otpvp) occnrs in prose 
particularly after imperatives. ^^ : sc. Bepotpwp, 

§ 27. Connect aMs with kwi4pai, Cf. 4, 1, 24. 

§ 28. rl ydp : ErQg. suggests that 94 should perhaps stand instead of 
ydpf since this clause stands in no causal relation to the foregoing. Hert. 

approves of the suggestion. ^^ : sc Ecvo^v. liriXvfifipiap ; a 

city on the Propontis between Byzantium and Perinthus, now called 

S)liwri. Hard, in the neighborhood of, ^uLfiedpetp : sc. xp^pol, which 

is suggested by the opposite expression ohn , , . oT6p re tJpou This species 
of brachyology is common in Greek, see Gr. § 846, 2, c. 

§ 80. rh ZxXa is the object of icaraXiTCiv. 

§ 81. avyytpcis : kinsmen ; according to an ancient myth. -^ 8, « is 

to be connected with xpv^^tu* ^f* ^ot^ 1, 8, 18 

§ 82. jfy agrees with the predicate ipxh* pofftip is not un£requentiy 

predicated of the afiGEiirs of a state. iicwtir^p : being driven into exHe ; 

cf. note 1, 1, 7. /Soo'iXc?: r&y 'OUpvc&p, 

§ BS, Ml<t>pios = SfioTpdirtCoSf as in § 88. iovpoi depends on 

iKaB€C6fjLiip iKirnSi I sat down as a suppliant. 

§ 86. TV erpart/Ar^ : c£ note 1, 8, 21. KvCueny6p : sc tow iijip^s ; 

cf. note 6, 6, 28. ZiyMipiop : cf. note 7, 8, 10. 


by Google 

BOOK vn. CHAP. in. 383 

§ 37. ^avra ireipt&fifvot, 8C. ^taarpi.miVf L e. to conduct the army to 
Scathes. — — — r^v 0'cat^^ov, bc. x^P^'^* 

§ 88. jcol . . . 7c : cf. note 8, 2, 24. 0paKi<p vSpuf. Herod. 6, 6, 

says of the Thracians, " they purchase their wives of the parents at a great 

price." BurivO-ny : a city on the European side of the Propontis (cf. 

7, 5, 8), afterwards called Rhaedestus, now called Rodosto. 

CHAP. m. 

The offers of Seuthes are reported to the army and accepted hy all but 
Neon and his men. Seuthes entertains the generals in Thracian style. 
Having deliberated with the Greeks respecting future operations, he 
leads Siem against his enemies and obtains much booty. 

§ 1. Z^lids : cf. note 2, 4, 1. 

§ 2. ^affoi : to neglect^ to disregard. 

§ 8. ilaTwrii<r€<rBat has a pass, signification. Notice also the change 
of subject with the infinitives irwX^a'ciy, ilairar4i<re(rBou, X^^c(r0ou, and 
vtpt6^<r6ai. It is plain that Xen. did not intend to conciliate the 
army towards Aristarchus, as there is a manifest bitterness in his lan- 

§ 4. iK€iyoy : c£ note 1, 2, 16. — rovro : respecting this, L e. the 

question whether to obey Anstarchus, or to go to Seuthes. iwayeK- 

B6yT€5 : to the villages mentioned 7, 2, 1. 

§ 5. i&0i : oi AoKeZoufUyioi, ol ^rrovs denotes the Thracian vil- 
lagers. ris : the reference is to Aristarchus and Seuthea. 

§ 6. &M4r€iyay : cf. note S, 2, 9. 

§ 7. iv^iBoy : tried to persuade / cf. note on ifiidCero 1, 8, 1. Bri : 

qualifies the superlative xXelarwy. 

§ 8. ruy rod Aoucwyucov : rQy is neuter ; if it were masculine, it would 
be r&y vaph rod K.r»\* 

§ 9. ikep6as : cf. note 4, 8, 11. Utroy : cf. note 6, 8, 14. 

§ 10. rh yofuCSfieya : thai which is customary, i. e. twice as much to the 
captains and four times as much to the generals, as he paid to the soldiers. 
Cf. 7, 2, 86. 

§ 13. tyrw hyaJQSov roo'o6rwy : wJien there were so many good things 
(particularly, provisions') (with Seuthes). Kriig. would prefer ix^peou in- 
stead of iyadSy : when there were so many enemies (around them). 

c0pi7/ia : cf. note 2, 3, 18. 

§ 14. &yrt\^6t : Jias any thing to say in opposition. ivt^Tjtpiierv : 

ic. rif , which with such imperatives is sometimes omitted. Cf. vpoaeyey- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

384 NOTES. 

j((£t«, ConTir. 5, 2. — — Notdoe the repetitioii of ravra three tiiftes in sao-> 
cession, uid compare aboye § 18 the repetition of cfi}. 

§ 16. Mapmw^irfis : from Map^vtta, a Ghrecian colony on the Thracian 
coast eastward from Abdera. •— » oSffrivas refers to the coUectiye iy\ IjccC- 

<rry. — Uaptayois : from Parimn. Cfl 7, 2, 7. xp&rov fi.4y : the 

correlatiYe danse is ad$i$ 94 § 18. 

§ 17. UtoK^Urercu = ?|fi rcb Tpdyfiartu 

§ 18. 8»f»ctbfcu: «^tt/(i maike presents. — jcarayoyetv: to restore. 
Timosion was an exile ; cf. 5, 6, 28 ; 7, 2, 2. -^— rowDra Tpohfuwro : the 
accus. is nsed because the notion \4y«y is contained in the verb ; cf. note 
2, 1, 18. 

§ 19. &AXo< : Alcibiades is especially referred to. Hellen. 1, 5, 15 ; 2, 
1, 26. a^ioy : c£ note 2, 8, 25. 

§ 20. ^x»'' «^ M ! ^vinff (anything) except, Harov ^5(oy : enovffh 

(money) Jor travelling expenses. 

§ 21. KaBfifi.4yois : the Greeks, on the contrary, alter the heroic age 
reclined on conches at table. rpiiroits : tables with ihirufett. 

§ 22. ai rpdirtCou : by meton. the dishes of food which were placed on 
the tables. Ztroy ix6vov : only enough. 

§ 28. r6 ^lappvKT^tv cfa x^P^"^ ' ^^ ^ distribution tahe care of itself. 
— rptxolvucoy : the x®*"*! ^^ ^"^ '''^** considered a day's allowance for 
a man ; hence we may render this three days* allouxmce. 

§ 24. x^pU^pov : (^ey) carried around. The subject is indefinite. 

§ 26. oh f4 : cf. note on odjcM /a^, 2, 2, 12. 

§ 28. Xva Kol fyii : that I also, like others. rt/ttay : sc. o-e. 

§ 29. Ijhi . . . Myx<*y^y : ^or Ae happened already to have drank some^ 
what freely. 

§ 80. fy^ ^4 : others present other gifts, but I etc. roirovs : on 

the arrangement, cf. note 4, 2, 6. 

§ 82. <rvyc|^te ical icarc0%c8(i<raro /icrcb rovro t^ K4pas: drank off(% 
cup with Xen.}, and after this cup poured (wine) over (the guests). Cf. Plat. 
lAg, 1, 687, e. Instead of /Aercb roSro, KOh. reads /Aer' a^roD, and Krilg. 
Twy /act' a^rov. — - ir/pcuri . . . a&XovKTCs : (persons) liowing with horns 

such as they use in giving signals ; is the subject of the sentence. koX 

ffaXviy^ty . . . aaXirliom-fs : and sounding with trumpets made of raw ox-hide, 
both in lime and as if with the magadis ; pvdfioh depends on aaXiriCopres as 
accus. of kindred signification ; fiaytUit is an irregular dat. instead of fj^yd- 
SiSi : this instrument seems to have been a lyre with twenty stzings. Ct 
Dic« Antiqq. art* Lyra. 

§ 88. iro\€fUK6v: ct 4, 8, 29. 

§ 84. tri &pa : sc. cfi}. Srws seldom stands after yerbs of com- 
manding and of similar meaning. They comm. take the infin. of re 


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BOOK VII. CHAP. IV. . 386 

yhp • . . <pl\ot seems to be most naturally rendered thus, /or not only ihoat 
%cho are enemies to us, hut you who are our friends are Thracians. Hence 
they could not easily be distinguished by night. 

§ 35. ovZiv ri : not at all, avrovsy alone. 

§ 3G. avafxfvcTre : the fut. is a milder and in this connection a more 
courteous expression than the imperative. 

§ 37. cTircp . . . €^ cf. note 3, 2, 31, and also 3, 2, 22. 

§ 39. ar^vOrifia : cf. note 6, 5, 25. elirov : Seuthes and the Grecian 

generals. *AOrjvcday : an Ionic form, used also by the Attic writers 

instead of *A67iya which gradually took the place of the other, older form. 
— avyfivuav : of the Athenians and Thracians ; cf. note 7, 2, 31. 

§ 40. v^ncras : cf. note 1, 7, 1. 

§ 41. rots 'Imrots = rots tirirevtri, 

§ 43. ro7s 'Imrois : without a^y ; cf. ry t»xy 1, 8, 1 ; and r^ arpa- 
re^Hari 1, 7, 14. 

§ 46. Koi efs : cf. note 1, 8, 16. 

§ 47. T<£5€ 5^ : sc. i<rriy or ylyyerat. The remark of Xen. to which 

Seuthes here alludes is not found in the foregoing narrative. oAAflk 

ydp : hut (lam not without apprehension) for. &Wos itAAp Bi^kccp : 

cf. note 2, 1, 16. 

§ 48. irp6fiara &\Xa fi^pta : other things (such as) sheep in great num- 
bers ; cf. note 1, 5, 6. 


Further operations against the enemies of Seuthes, who are finally reduced 
to submission. 

§ I*. oTa : a brief expression for iy6vfjioufji4yots oTa : cf. note on o'ious 
1, 7, 4. 

§ 2. Zrrcos &v yivoiro : &v denotes that the attainment of the object wan 
conditioned, depending on circumstances ; cf. note 2, 5, 16. 

§ 3. hv^Kaiovro : cf. note 4, 6, 3. 

§5. rav cuxH-aXi&ruy: partitive gen., some of the captives. Brii 

cf. note 6, 6, 19. Koi ro^nav: of these also, as he had done to those 

mentioned § 1. virh rh upos : implies motion, Gr. § 299, 111, went and 

encamped etc. So in § 11. Cf. v<p>* ^v 3, 4, 37. 

§ 8. ZUrai is not contracted, like S4e<r6ai 7, 7, 31. 

§ 10. iyr* iKcivov : i. e. tow irai^Ss, Cf. note 1, 2, 15. juij5^ €r§-' 

90U is stronger than furfimpov. Cf. ov8' ivi 8, 2, 81. 

§ 11. KaKovfiivois : c£ note 1, 2, 18. 


Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

386 NOTES. 

§18. ipai c£ note 4, 2, 15. 

§ 14. €ls : cf. note 1, 7, 1. 

§ 15. flipcurcuff 6C. oi 0vyoL The Thynians affinned this m their 

§ 16. MaK4<mos : from McCiccirror, or MdKurros in Elis. hiervKoi-' 

Sc/ca appears to he too small a nomher. Eoh. conjectures licriif koX irw- 

§ 17. IhnaBtv . . . rks viKras t casting their targets around behind them. 
It is conjectnrod that they may have heen fastened on with straps, and 
hence, in leaping oyer the fences, some were canght on ihe stakes. 

§ 18. robs 'wapaTp4xoyras . . . a'ic6Tovs : two statements condensed into 
one, robs xttparpdxoyroi 1iK6yTiCoy, and tls rh <f>&s 4k rod ckStovs ^k6v' 

§ 19. rots Tp<&Tou : the first that were ready. ftrdero : became 

aware of what was going on. — — > ifi<yfi$€i : was coming /or assistance, 

§ 20. abr^ and abrSy refer to Xen. — — icurcUf sc. irrpa,rw^%(rBm, 

§ 21. rpufXjouriayy three times as large as hefore the arriYal of the 

§ 24. ^iiciiv : satisfaction. On the contrary in 2, 5, 88, it means pwh- 
ishment. ^x^tv has the same snhject as yofitCu, 


Seuthes fails to fulfil his engagements with the army, hut they continue in 
his service. They finally become dissatisfied with Xenophon, on ac- 
count of the conduct of Seuthes. 

§ 1. bxepfidXKovffi : without object as in 6, 5, 7. A^Xra : cf. note 

7, 1, 88. MaiaiiZov : cf. 7, 2, 32. * 

§ 2. 'HpaKXeiiris . . . irapriy '» ^^om Perinthus ; cf. 7, 4, 2. 

§ 3. roiyvy : c£ note 6, 1, 2 ; also § 10 below. ical adOis : even at 

some future time^ not now. ro7s arparriyois is in apposition with 


§ 4. ray (etrywyi ErQg. suggests the reading rwy fiiy ^fiioytK&y C^vy&y* 
irXuoy : i. e. from the booty which he sold. « 

§ 5. iavrov = travrov. The reflexive of the 3d pers. is not unfine- 
quently used by Xen. for that of the 1st or 2d pers. 

§ 8. reus: up to that time, ■ &5 . . . Tapa6<&<ray : cf. note 8, 1, 9. 
Kol TovTO 8tai3ci3^^K€< : had uttered this calumny also, 

§ 9. Iti I£v« is equivalent to kywr^pw^ fairiher upward. — — ff^Ts : this 
unfreqnent word is chiefly confined to indirect narration. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

BOOK vn. CHAP. VI. 387 

§ 10. &y fiiWji, ffrpartwrcdfAiiv fky : cf. note 5, 1, 9. 

§ 12. McXfyo^7«y : doubtless so named from their principal article 

of diet (fit\lyri). ^aXfiv^fiffads : now called Midia. iiariirrovfn : 

cf. note 6, 4, 2. 

§ 13. TcpXv Spio'curdai is explanatory- of tc»;. 

§ 14. fiifiXoi yeypofxfidtfcu : an important testimony to the traffic In 
books among the Hellenic colonies of the Euxine. — — > ravra : these re- 
ffionsj as in § 13, Kark ravret. 

§ 16. itti : conUmally, on each occasion ; cf. note 4, 1, 7. 


Xenophon defends his own conduct by a striking presentation of the facts 
in the case. He declines the invitation of Seuthes to remain longer 
with him, and resolves to accompany the army into Asia, where it had 
been invited by the Lacedaemonians to join with them in a war against 

§ 1. orpaT€it<r0ai : this was to secuze the fireedom of the Ionian 

§ 2. M : cf. note 2, 3, 8. 

§ 3. xapdyciy ; to introduce them, i. e. the Lacedaemonian embassadors. 
-^— re after <l>i^jos is used to connect this clause with the foregoing. 

§ 4. rls hrtip = volos Mip, what sort of a man, — — — x^^pov : toorse than 
if he were not ^iAo<rrf»aTUi;'n;s. &AA,' ij : an ergo, 

§ 5. ipa . . . fiii : this question indicates some solicitude. — rrjs 
kirayoryris : the gen. denoting in what respect. — — • rhy fit(r06v i the article 
is used because the subject was mentioned above § 1. 

§ 7. St* : c£ note 1, 6, 7. 

§ 8. iiniK6v : cf. note 2, 5, 38. 

§ 9. oiUhy ireira6fie6a : cf. note 4, 2, 4. — rohs fi/A€T4povs v6yovs : 
lit. our toils f i. e. the results of our toils. 

§ 10. Z 76 vpuTos \4yo9y fy<5, at least I the first one speaking, the snbj, 
of ^ioKw, Sy == roiiTwy &, — &\Xos icol &\Xos : cf. 1, 6, 12. 

§ 11. iXAck . , . fiivi cf. note 1, 7, 6 ; ii4y apparently = fi.4iy, — 
vdyrai every thing, every sort of fortune, kirerpaT6fi,riy i 7, 1, 4; 

7, 2, 8. 

§ 12. Zd€y : cf. note 1, 8, 17. For the allusion, cf. 7, 2, 8 et seqq. 

§ 13. Zw€p ... ^y is predicated of what follows. 

§ 15. §1 irratyQ : the pres. indie, is used, because Xen. does not wish 
to indicate his own judgment of the truth of the supposition, but to leave 
that entirely to the army. (KrQg.) — — Tcpl &y s ro^uy Ttpl Sy, 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

388 NOTES. 

§ 16. Kx^rra : ac. ^^i^. offuu : cf. note 2, 1, 16. M ro{tT^ 

. . . twns : on this condition, that etc. 

§ 17. Tpdrrtw rird ri : to demand any thing of any one, withont signi- 
f jing whether it is for one's self or for another. If this latter notion is to 

be added, the mid. irpdrrtaOcu is nsed. (Hert) $€0aico = ifivc^w, 

confirm, secure, 

§ 18. iroAAoO Sciy : to lack mmk, to be far from ; cf. 6?dyou 9uy 1, 6, 14. 
— ~ a^yoid4 fioi : Ut. hnows with me, i. e. knows as well as /. 

§ 19. /i^ Toiyvy firfid : a strong denial, no indeed not even etc 

§ 20. Z<r<p . . . ir^ylw I'^ as much more as I should together with this 
man bear the poverty of that time, 

§ 21. i<rxyy6it.fiv : fky is omitted to impart more life to the expression ; 
see Gr. § 260, Bem. 3. — ^iXtf tvn : for any one being a friend, limits 

§ 22. cf 7c . . . ^v\aK4i : if at least there is any protection tojriends, 
irturay, sc ^uAcudiy : aocns. of cognate meaning with il>vXa^afi4yov5, 

§ 23. Tck Mx^pa : the requisite securities. roirov depends on ivat^ 

rloy, in the presence of. 

§ 24. trwv : gea. of price ; cf. Urov 3, 1, 20. 

§ 26. iwt, on the borders of iy xohtfjUtf elyai : sc. iufdyicri ijy. 

§ 26. St<p 8^, connect with o&jc ^y iifuy, but there was notions any force 
with which etc. — <rvyt<miK6s : regular, organized. 

§ 29. /Ai}8a/L(§ : cf. note on rh fiij KoraTerpwOriyai 1, B, 2, 

§ 30. fiur6hy rris &<r^aXc(as : cf. note 5, 6, 31. — — . tovto . . . rrdOtifut^ 
is this the cruel suffering that you speak of, etc. ? Spoken with bitter 

§ 31. oh : sc. Mpx^^^' 

§ 32. irphs ixtlyois : in addition to those things, i e. in addition to the 
reputation which you have acquired in Asia ; iKciyois though plural may 

refer to cf rt as collective. ro^«y : for those things, dependent on 

Xdpty tl^^yai and the antecedent of &y, 

§ 33. iinipa from &iroup», / set out, 

§ 34. vpbs Aouc€9aifiU)yiovs must be connected with Biafiefi\7]fi4yos. — 
kwoffrpo^y : cf. note 2, 4, 22. KaraB4i<r€ffBai : to secure (to one's self). 

§ 35. Kcii ravra xoXh Kptirroffiy ifiavrov: and that too with persons 
far more powerful than myself — ^ vpayfJLarevSfieySs tc ifjuy, instead of 
Kol oTs irpaj' 

§ 36. iy Ty f^^pet : c£ note 3, 4, 23. rp^ircua fiapfidptoy : trophies 

commemorating victories over barbarians. iivydfiriy : a recurrence to 

the 1st pers. although Mpa above is 3d pers. rphs ^fias : in reject 

to you, for you. 

§ 37. jco^ yitp oly : cf. note 1, 9, 8. ifitis stands as thou^ iuup69 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

BOOK vn. OHAP. vn. 

pofi(C^€ followed instead of Kcupihs 9ok€i ifuy ; another anacolathon. ■^— 
Srt : because ; spoken with extreme bitterness. irA^ere : not con- 
tracted ; cf. note 7, 4, 8. 

§ 38. oit fjL-fiy : otheffs id6K€i vyiiv, lurnixoviK^raroi is ironicaL 

olroi : Charminns and Polynicus.^ 

§ 39. oh ria tn6 : cf. note 6, 6, 34. ipwr&yros i/iov : cf. § 4 above. 

§ 40. AoviridrTis : cf. note 4, 2, 21. rovro depends on a'rparriyria'au 

as an accus. of cognate meaning, to lead on this expedition, and of this 
ki^avpa^ai is epexegetical, to exact from Seuthes etc. 

§41. Tck yiyv6fA€ya: the proceeds. v4irarat: c£ note on hrivaro 

1, 9, 19. — ^6fjLf6a avrov : we shall keep hold cf'him, 

§ 43. TO x^P^^ • ^^* ^> ^> ®* ^^ imopfyfirtp iroiria'dfji^yos : under seal 


§ 44. ^ip* oh = iirl roWois &, — iyeupti: this word is often used to 
denote the response of an oracle, or other divine response. On the asyn- 
deton, cf. note 1, 3, 20. 

CHAP. vn. 

The armj plunders certain Thracian villages belonging to Medosades. In 
reply to the expostulations of Medosades, Xenophon defends the con- 
duct of the army. He is then induced by Medosades to repair again 
to Seuthes ; who is finally persuaded to furnish the means for paying 
the army. 

§ 1. ifficfivTiffw €15 : a condensed expression for Hopcidritray €ls . . . jcoZ 
^aictivriffav iv , . . 

§ 3. VLj^Skov : cf. 7, 2, 32 ; 7, 3, 16. iA€{<J/A€0a is occasionally 

used elsewhere as here for the fut. 

§ 4. KoX inroKplvoffOat : only to reply ; Gr. § 321, Kem. 5. 

§ 6. iyK€xa>^yufi^vois : cf. note 7, 2, 21. 

§ 7. vvy ^4 : this ^4 is only an emphatic repetition of the 94 at the 
beginning of the sentence, now indeed. — icarcb Kpdros : by force, by right 
of conquest. 

§ 8. ohx 2irei>s : not only not ; Gr. § 321, 3. (b.) 

§ 10. rl Kai : cf. note 5, 8, 2. ovBky ifi^ . . . iTcoZiSoh : not even 

having called me in (as an adviser), most admirable men I sp thiU, as J in- 
curred their ill will when I led the army to you, so also now by delivering it up 
(to them, i. e. the Lacedaemonians) / might secure their favor ; Bttus must 
be closely connected in idea with ovB^y . . . TOfKucoA.^o'arrcs. 

§ 13. o^^, i. e. Ty U(yo(pQtrri : so. Tpo€ixoy, inri4yai ix T^f x^P^* 

is epexegetical of £irep. 


by Google 

390 NOTES. 

§ 14. &y belongs to dwoTiofieit/, — -— r^ 8/icoua : tohat ihey have a right 
to demand. 

§ 16. el tiXv <hJ Ti ^x«** • • • ^^w'' ' sc. A^7€ 5<. ^X'^fiey : sc. 

§ 16. robs iplXovs rifuy yeyevrifi^yovs : i. e. the inhabitants of the vil- 
lages in which the Greeks were quartered ; of. § 1 and 18. 

§ 17. roWois and roirovs refer to ol ravra ^fuy KorairpJ^wres ; i. o. 

the Greeks. ivB^y^e hp^6fi€$a : tee shall begin from hence, i. e. toe shall 

begin with you etc. 

§ 18. iv &v ry X*^i •** whose country, SvSrepa &y i^ri^liruvrat is 

dependent on imrpe^at, to leave to these men the decision of the question, 
whichever way they shall have decided^ whether it was suitable, etc. 

§ 19. oifK tipri, sc. imrp4^ai Ikv, — oXeaOai : sc. |i^ which is hn- 
plied in the connection : tcifiieeiv on the other hand depends direcUy on 

§ 22. vpwroy fi4y : the second reason is given § 27 et seqq. ■ /tercfc 
Tohs ^eohs . . . icarourr^o'aKras : that these persons next to the gods have 
placed you in an eminent position, 

§ 23. roio^<p . . . &y^p( limits ^1^70 cTj/ou : to be an important thing far 

such a man, eS hcoleiv (nr6, to be well spoken of by ; uW with the gen. 

is used because eZ iiKo^eiv has the force of the pass, voice. — ffavrSv, 
and \4yois : a transition from the 3d pers. with which the sentence com> 
menced to the 2d pers. 5, rt : in respect to what. 

§ 24. v?sxiywfi4yovs : wandering, L e. failing in their object. — — aatppo' 
yi(€iy, to render obedient ; corresponds to trw^poyeiy (§ 30), to be obedient, 

iXKoiy rh . . . KoXdCeiy : the custom of others to vnfiict punishment at 


§ 26. rh jcod . . . nartpyaadiieyoy : that which also secured to you the 
kingdom. «— — roirwy rS>y ')(jprtiiJui,rtoy : for ^is money, the money due from 
Seuthes to the soldiers ; gen. of price. 

§ 27. irci;s fieya iiyov : does not mean, how important an object you 
deemed it (that would be &s instead of vas) ; but how you deemed it an irfi- 
portant object etc. ; that is, v&s qualifies the whole sentence, not simjdy 

§ 28. &/>x^y, as to a beginning, i. e. at all, used with negations. 

§ 29. T§ <r^ is here objective, friendship for you. 

§ 30. ffcoippoyfiy : cf. note § 24. rh vphs ai : in their relations to 

you. — JiAXovs T€ . . . irapayeyeffOat, dppends on yofii^oiey or some word 

of similar meaning suggested by Sp^cy. ro^trtay : from these (Greeks) ; 

depends on h.Ko^oyras, /t^Tc ... re : cf. note 2, 2, 8. 

§ Si. viiJiSiy \ei(p04yres : ifferior to us. Kiv^vyos ii4\ : cf. note 4, 1, 6. 

hya-Kpii^waiv : sc. ol AaK€daifi6yioi. 

Digitized by 


BOOK VII. CHAP. vin. 391 

§ 35. dAAeb yAp : at enim, hut you may forsooth say sometiiin^ in reply 
for, — "KoXh iXarrov^ a much less difficult thing, 

§ 36. 6 6pi((»v : which determines, 

§ 39. iirX Tois ar pander ais : for the sake of the soldiers^ i. e. to conciliaie 
the soldiers towards you. 

§ 40. firi^h &irodiZ6jrro5 : not even liad you offered (it). Koxm lixovra 

agrees with rd, 

§ 41. irpjJs : in comparison with, 

§ 45. Zapa : object of ^x**''* 

§ 46. hvoKuffBai : should he laid up, should he preserved. vTcurxyo^h- 

u€yos ovK iyevifiirXairo : were not satisfied in promising, were not weary in 

§ 47. on <roi B6^€i ivoBovvai depends on Sidd^ew, toill teach you that it 

shall seem good to you to pay what is due. rohs ffol vpo€fi4yovs cvepye- 

day : those who have throvm away a favor on you ; the reference is of course 
to the Greeks. 

§ 49. iLvofiolws . . . 0T6 : not heing in the same standing in the army now 
as when etc. ; cf. 5, 4, 21. 

§ 50. rhxoopia- 7,6, 8. 

§ 53. rohs Twy iLdiKTiardyray <r€ Sfi'fipovs : cf. 7, 4, 14 et seqq., and 7, 4, 
20 et seqq. 

§ 64. i^iKv^rai = i^apK^, riyos rdXayroy, whose talent. dip* ovk 

&/j.€iyoy, so. iarri, isitnothetteretc, Trirpovs : a playful allusion to 7, 6, 10. 

§ 55. avTo'is : Xen. and his companions. iKdffoyras : elsewhere 

Xen. like the other Attic writers uses the fut. iKu. icoXK))v , . . aXriav ' 

they-received much censure, i. e. for fraud in distributing the money. 

§ 57. oif vpoffijet : did not go near, i. e. to Charminus and Pofynicus, 
lest he also should incur censure. — ^ oiKoSc : brief for &s oUaSt inrid^y. 
ov ydp VM : cf. Introduc. § 1. 

CHAP. vm. 

The army crosses over to Lampsacus. Xenophon having taken to himself 
none of the pay for the army, finds himself in want. H« proceeds with 
the army to Pergamus and is hospitably entertained by Hellas the wife 
of Gongylus. By her advice he attacks the neighboring castle of Asi- 
tades a Persian, and having got possession of it, obtains a large amount 
of booty. The army is delivered up to Thimbron and incorporated 
with the forces which were raised to prosecute the war against Tissa- 

§ 1. AdfJL^aKos : a city on the Hellespont N. E. from Abydus ; now called 
Lampsaki. ^MdffLos : from Phlius {^Kiovs), a city between Argolia 

Digitized by LaOOQlC 

392 NOTES. 

and Achaia. <— — rod . . . yeypa^>6ros : these words haye been explained 
in different ways, according as ypd^^w has. been taken in the sense to paint 
or to torite ; thus, the one who painted in the Lycaeum the dreams, or, the one 
who wrote the (work entitled) dreams in the Lycaeum, 

§ 3. irapear-fia'aTO rhv EvKkelBrju : he placed Eudides near (himself). 
— ^— tiuiv rh, lepd : the soothsayer appears to have drawn the inference 
of Xenophon*s destitution from the inferior quality of the victims. — ^— 
H^Wji : sc. xp^>t«Ta ; — t<r^(rQai, sc. aot, — — vh ffavr^ : you appear in the 
way 0/ yourself, L e. through your own want of care for yourself. 

§ 4. 6 Zehs 6 MciX. : under this name Zeus was worshipped especially 
at Athens, at the festival called Aidcia. (Thucyd. 1, 126.) 

§ 6. *0<f>p{fyioy : a city of Troas, not far from Dardanus. t^ va- 

rpi^ v6fi<p seems to be spoken of &>\joKa{)r€u It was not usual to consume 
by fire the whole victim in sacrifices, except in the case of those which 
were offered to Zeus Milichius. 

§ 6. Bion and Euclides were sent by Thimbron. This Euclides is not 

the same as the one mentioned in § 1. vevrfiKoyra Sapeucwp ; this 

price (not far from $200), appears to have been an ordinary price for a 
good horse. (Hert.) 

§ 7. T^f Avilas . . . iTfZlov : sc. ii^ucvovvrai. — Qiifiris irc^lov : called 
also e^firj. 

§ 8. *Arpafi6moy : a city opposite Lesbos, on a gulf of the same 
name. Ktprovlov: perhaps it should be written Kvroyiov] it corre- 
sponds in situation with the modem Grecian city Kviuyuus, ^eyovraif 

is hospitably received and entertained ; on the contrary in § 6 ^eyovyrai r^ 
Ueyotp&yrif they establish friendly relations with Xen. 

§ 9. avrJy, after 1^, means Xenophon. 

§ 11. Tf connects \afi(&y and 8«iiri^(ras. fiuLcd/ieyoi : having 

forced themselves into the company. &5 kroiiiay : sc. ivray, 

§ 12. Tijs r^pffios depends on ir€pt|. This word often governs the 
gen. in Herod. ; seldom in Attic writers. 

§ 14. ivl : cf. note 1, 2, 15 and 5, 2, 6. di€<l>dy7i : impers., an 

opening appeared through. fiouir6p<p o^e\iffK<^'. with an enormous 


§ 16. Konayia : perhaps a castle in the neighborhood. TpKdyiot, 

They dwelt on the eastern coast of the Caspian sea. ireXTocrTaf : in 

apposition with 2(\Xoi. Cf. note on iiAAo hiv^pov 1, 5, 6. UapOeyioy 

and 'AvoWayla : cities in the neighborhood of Pergamus. 

§ 16. \afi6yrfs . . . kydpdvoda : having taken as many oxen and sheep 
and slaves ds there were, they drove them away etc. With the position of 
ffXawoi/, compare that of ^vfipvacrav 1, 2, 26; and dinfet 7, 1, 41.— 
O0TW : Ko h n . reads %ri, el . . . dx/oiey : cf. note 8, 4, 86. 


by Google 

BOOK vn. CHAP. vm. 393 

§ 17. fcod ain-ds : himself (ilso, as well as those mentioned § 15. — 
fil^ : in spite ofj against the vnll of, UpoK\ris ... 6 irh A. : cf. 2, 1, 8. 

§ 18. K^KXtp : in the form of a circle. Thus the arrows of the enemy 
would strike their shields obliquely. KrCig. conjectures that the shields on 

one side of the circle would be carried on the right arm. vpS : beforej 

so as to ward oS. 

§ 19. B<rov : enough for ; cf. 7, 3, 20. The expression implies that 
there were but few. 

§ 20. fjLOKpordTrjy : sc. 6B6y, — t^s AuBloi depends on fuucpordrriv, 

as far as possible into Lydia, els t5 . . . kfpvhMtruv : so that the enemy 

might not fear on account of the fact that the Greeks were near, hut might be 
off their guard, els r6j to the end that, so that. Some editions have £(rrc. 

§ 21. ^ir* avrSy, i. e. irrl r^ Uvai in' avr6v, ixo^cas: extending, 

seldom thus used. (ErQg.) 

§ 22. iLv4fi7i : were fulfilled, rh Upi, the signs discovered in the 

§ 23. rhv ^e6y: rhy Aia rhy VlcOdxioy, § 4 et scqq. § 10. ^fa/- 

p€To : choice portions of the booty. 

§ 24. €« ro{)Tov I in the spring of 399 B. C. 

§ 2Z. This section and the following are supposititious. ^ir^\0o- 

/iey : see Introduc. § 6. Aw5/as . . . ^pvyias. Much rather, Cyrus and 

afterwards Tissaphemes were satraps of these provinces ; cf. 1, 9, 7 and 

2, 6, 11. The same remark is true of Cappadocia. *E<nr€ptrai : cf. 

note 4, 7, 18. XdXvfits koX Xa\Ba7oi : in the Anabasis these are one 

and the same people. Koirai : not elsewhere mentionA. — 2ci$6i7s 

is improperly mentioned as one of the lipxoyres rris fiaa't\4us x^P^» 

§ 26. HpiOfios : cf. note 2, 2, 6. ZcKavdyrt instead of xeyrtKoiSeKa : 

such forms occur only in the later writers. xarafido'ews : only to Coty- 

ora, as appears by a comparison with 2, 2, 6 and 5, 6, 4. 

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Tacitns^s aoconnt of Oennany and life of Agricola are among the most fi&sciiuiting 
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Mllege classes, hy one who knows what they need. In it will be found: 1. A Latin 
text, approred by all the more recent editors. 2. A copious illustration of the gram- 
matical constructions, as well as of the rhetorical and poetical usages peculiar to 
Tacitus. In a writer so concise it has been deemed necessary to pay particular re- 
gard to the connection of thought, and to the particles as the hinges of that connec- 
tion. 8. Constant comparisons of the writer with the authors of the Augustan age, 
for the purpose of indicating the changes which had already been wrought in the 
language of the Boman people. 4. An embodiment in small compass of the most yal- 
uable labors of such recent Gennan critics as Grimm, Gtinther, Gruber, Eiessling^ 
Dronke, Both, Buperti, and Walther. 

From Pnop. Linoout, ofJBrov>n University. 
"I have found the book in dally use with my class of very ereat service, very 
practical, and well suited to the wants of students. I am very much pleased with the 
Life of Tacitus and the Introduction, and indeed with the Uterary character of the 
book throughout. We shall make the book a part of our Latin course.** 

The Hiftories of Tacitus. 

By W. S. TYLER. 

i2nio. 453 pages. Price $1 25. 

The text of Tacitus is here presented in a form as correct as a comparison of th« 
best editions can make it. Notes are appended for the student's use, which contain 
not <nily the grammatical, but likewise all the geographical, archeeological, and his- 
torical illustrations that are necessary to render the author intelligible. It has been 
the constant aim of the editor to carry students beyond the dry. details of grammar 
and lexicography, and introduce them to a familiar acquaintance and lively sympathy 
with the author and his times. Indexes to the notes, and to the names of persons and 
places, render reference easy. 

From PnoF. Haokbtt, oflTewton Theologicdl Swiinary. 
*'The notes appear to me to be even more neat and elegant tiian those on the 
Ctormania and Aericola.* They come as near to such noteis as I would be i^ad t* 
write myself on a ciaaslo. as almost any thiiu; that I have yet seen.** 



Lat in Caassical Wor ks. 
The Works of Horace. 



12]no. ^6 pages. Price $1 25. 
The text of this edition is mainlj that of Orelli, the most important readings flf 
other critics being given in foot-notes. The yolome is introduced with a Uognq>hieal 
Iketoh of Horace and a critlqne on his writings, which enable the student to enter in- 
telligently on his work. Peculiar grammatical constructions, as well as geographical 
and historical allusions, are explained in notes, which are Just full enough to aid the 
pupil, to excite him to gain a thorohgh understanding of the author, and awaken in 
him a taste for philological studies, without taking all labor off his hands. While the 
chief aim has been to impart a dear idea of Latin Syntax as exhibited in the text, it 
has also been a cherished object to take adyantage of the means so yariously and riohly 
Aimished by Horace for promoting the poetical taste and literary culture of the 

From an article 'by Pbof. Bahb, of the Un4/v»r»Uy of HtiAdbtrg^ in the 
HetdOberg ArmdU of Idteraturs. 

** There are already seyeral American editions of Horace, intended for the use of 
schools ; of one of these, which has passed through many editions, and has also been 
widely circulated in England, mention has been formerly made in this journal; but 
that one we may not put upon an equality with the one now before us, inasmuch aa 
this has taken a different stand-point, which may serve as a siffu of process in this 
department of study. The editor has, it is true, also intended his work for the use of 
schools, and has sought to adapt it, in all its parts, to such a use ; but still, without los- 
ing sight of this purpose, he has proceeded throughout with more independence. In the 

{(reparation of the Notes, the editor has faithfully observed the principles (laid dowB 
n his pre&ce) ; the explanations of the poet's words commend themselves by a com- 
pres3ea brevity which limits itself to what is most essential, and by a sharp precision 
of expression; and references to other passages of the poet, and also to grammarii 
dictionaries, Ac., are not wanting. 


Jugurtha and Catiline 



12mo. 897 pages. Price $1. 

The editors have spent a vast amount of time and labor in correcting the text, by 

• comparison of the most improved German and English editions. It is bellayed thgl 

fiiis will be found superior to any edition hitherto published in this country. In ao* 

eordance with their chronological order, the "Jugurtha^ precedes the **GatIline.*' 

The Notes are copious and tersely expressed; they display not only fine soholarshii^ 

bat (what is quite as necessary in such a book) a practical knowledge of the diffieol- 

Hei ^hlch the student encounters In reading this author, and the aids that he re* 

(Bb^a. The Yoeabulary was prepared by the late Wiluam H. G. BufUB. ft 

wfD to fciuid aa able and fUthftil performanot. 

Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

Gre ek Classical Wor ks. 
Selections from Herodotus; 


TO THS Fall of Babylon and thx Dxath of Ctbvs thx Gbsat. 


12mo. 185 pages. Price 75 Cents. 

The present selection embraces snch parts of Herodotus as give a connected his 
iaij of Asiatic nations. These portions are not onlj particularly interesting In 
fhemselves, bat open to the student a new field, inasmuch as the other Greek and 
Botnan authors commonly put into his hands leaye this period of history untouched; 

Herodotus is peculiarly adapted to academical reading. It has charms for the 
student which no other text-book possesses, on account of the simple elegance of the 
style and the liveliness of the narrative. In preparing his notes, the editor has borne 
In mind that they are intended for learners in the earlier part of their classical 
course ; he has therefore made the explanations in the former part of the work quite 
full, with frequent references to such grammars as are in the hands of most students. 

The notes proper are purely explanatory and grammaticaL Other remarks, in 
the way of criticism or investigation, are appended to the several chapters, for the 
sake of awakening reflection and inciting to further inquiry. 

A condensed treatise on the Ionic Dialect and the peculiar forms of declension 
and conjugation used by Herodotus, removes one of the most serious difficulties that 
has heretofore embarrassed the student in reading this author. If this chapter is 
learned in advance, the dialectic forms, otherwise so froublesome, will be recognized 
without the slightest difficulty. 

The text is printed in large, bold type, and accompanied with a Map of the regions 


(Edipus Tyrannus. 




12x110. 138 pages. Price 75 Cents. 

Tho object had In view in this publication is to fhmlsh to college-students tlit 
masterpiece of the greatest of Greek tragic poets in a convenient form. No learned 
criticism on the text was needed or has been attempted. The Tauchnitz edition has 
been chiefly followed, and such aid is rendered, in the way of notes, as may assist, 
not render needless, the efforts of the student Too much help begets indolence, 
tfK) little, despair: the author has striven to present the happy mean. 

Tho inviting appearance of the text and the merit of the commentary have mode 
\hi8 Yolume a favorite wherever it has been nsed. 


by Google 

Gre ek Classical Wo rks« 
Arnold's Greek Course. 

By the rev. J. A. SPENCER, D. D. 


fIBST OB£EK BOOK, ox thb Plait of tbm Fibst Latzx Book. 12moi 291 

pages. Price 75 cents. 

287 pages. Price 75 cents. 
SECOND FAST TO Tma ABOVE. 12mo. 248 pages. Price 75 cents. 
OBEEK BEADOTO BOOK. €k>RTAiinKO thb bitbvtanoe of thb PsAonoAL Lf' 

TBODvonoir to Gbbek Gombtbtjiko, abd a Tbbatisb oir thb Gbbek Pab* 


Price $1 25. 

A complete, thorough, practical, and easy Greek conrse is here presented. The 
beginner commences with the ** First Boolc,^ in which the elementary principles of 
the language are nnfolded, not in abstract language, difficult both to comprehend and 
to remember, bnt as practically applied in sentences. Throughout the whole, the 
pnpll sees Just where ho stands, and is tanght to use and apply what he learns. His 
progress is, therefore, as rapid as it Is intelligent and pleasant There is no nnneces> 
sary verbiage, nor is the pnpll^s attention diTcrted from what is really important by 
a mass of minor details. It is the experience of teachers who use this book, that with 
it a given amount of Greek Grammar can be imparted to a pupil in a shorter time 
and with Du* less trouble than with any other text-book. 

The "First Book" may with advantage be followed by the "Introduction to 
Greek Prose Composition.** The object of this work is to enable the student, as soon 
as he can decline and coi^ugate with tolerable fiicility, to translate simple sentenoee 
after given examples and with given words ; the principles employed being those of 
Imitation and very frequent repetition. It is at once a Syntax, a Vocabulary, and an 
Exercise book. The "Second Part** carries the subject farther, unfolding the most 
complicated constructions, and the nicest points of Latin Syntax. A Key Is provided 
Tor the teacher's use. 

The " Beader,** besides ex