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Formerly Principal of the Coraelius Institute, and now Professor of the Latin and 0:etX 
Lanj^nages and Literatuie in the Free Academy in New- York City 



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Kn I BREfc accord nc to Aui Oi" Con^eM c trie r«ar 1843, by Jobn J 
U\«KN, in the Cierk i Offi-v) o* «hj t>u,tn3^ ».urt of the Southorii Diiifiei 















The Map which accompanies this edition ol the Anabasis, is copied 
substantially from that prefixed to "Travels in the Track of the Ten 
Thousand Greeks," by William V. Ainsworth, Surgeon to the late Eu- 
phrates Expedition, London, 1844. How well grounded are his claims 
for accuracy and fidelity, will appear from the following quotation trom 
his preface to the above-mentioned work : ** The present illustrator of 
the Anabasis has by accident enjoyed advantages possessed by no Dther 
person, of following at intervals the whole line of this celebrated Expedi* 
tion, from the plain of Caystrus, and the Cilician Gates, through byria 
own the Euphrates, to the field of Cunaxa, and of again travelling in the 
line of the still more memorable retreat across the plains of Babylonia and 
Media by Larissa and Mes-Pylae, and thence through the well-defended 
passes of the Tigris and Kurdistan, to the cold elevated uplands of Arme- 
nia, which were the scene of so many disasters and so much suffering to 
the Greeks Then again from Trebizond westward he has visited on va- 
rious parts of the coast of Asia Minor, localities to which an interest is 
given by the notices of the Athenian historian, independent of their own 
importance as ancient sites and colonies ; and where he Lais not been per- 
sonally on that part of the route, as well as in the localities of the first 
assembling of the troops under Cyrus, the researches of W. J . Hamilton, 
Pococke, Arundel, and others, fully fill up the slight deficiencies vvl.ich 
might otherwise occur. Indeed, out of a journey evalued by the meiorian 
at three thousand four hundred and sixty-five miles altogether, there ia 
not above six hundred miles that the illustrator has not personally ex- 

The Lditor regrets that this valuable work of Ainsworth did notma&& 
Its appearance until afler the Notes of this edition of the Anabasis were 
stereotyped, and thus placed, for a time at least, beyond the reach of many 
interesting remarks and explanations respecting the route of the Greeks, 
with which it might otherwise have been enriched. It is to oe hoped, 
however, that the map will furnish all the information essential to a cor- 
rect understanding of this remarkable military expedition. The only 
point which seems to require a passing remark, is the deviation of the 
Greeks from their direct course to the sea, at Khanus.' Mr Ainsworth sup- 
poses that they were put upon this course by the treacherous bailiff 
(IV. 6, § 1), in order to distress or destroy them, since otherwise it is un- 
likely that he would have run away and lefl his son behind him. At 
Tzalka, which is supposed to be the strong place ci ptured by the Greeks, 
(IV. 7. § 1-14), they changed their course backward, being probably again 
misled by false information in regard to the direct road to the sea. At 
Gymnias (IV. 7. § 19) they were extricated from their perplexed and 
strange wanderings by the hoetility of the native chieflains to \he neigh 
•** ring tribes 


This edition of Xenophon's Anab&sis, is chielly based upon 
the text of L. Dindorf's larger edition, 1825. WheneT?er it differg 
from that, the variation is usually found in the notes at the latter 
end of the volume. The following are the editions, to which 
the editor has had access in the correction of the text and in the 
preparation of the notes. 1. Hutchinson's, Glasgow, 1825, a 
work so well known to students as to need no passing remark. 
2. Schneider's. 8. Bornemann's, Leipzig, 1825, an excel- 
lent edition, especially, as throwing light upon obscure and 
doubtful readings. 4. Dindorf s, Leipzig, 1825, in which the 
text has been made perhaps as perfect as in any edition extant. 
5. Poppo's, Leipzig, valuable among other things for the In- 
dex of Greek words based on Zeune's, but enlarged and im- 
proved. 6. Kriiger's, Halle, containing brief but very valu- 
able notes. 7. Bel four's, London, 1830. 8. Long's, London, 
1837, a beautiful edition, following the text of Dindorf, with 
the more important variations noted at the foot of the page. 

References to the Grammar of E. A. Sophocles will be found 
at the bottom of each page of the text, as far as the end of the first 
book. To have continued them through the whole^ work, would 
have swelled the volume to an expensive size, and besides, they 
were principally designed .to assist the student in acquiring 
habits of accuracy and research, by frequently introducing him 
to his grammar in the opening pages (>/ his author, and not 
falsely to impress him with the idea, that he is to make no 
references, solve no grammatical or lexical difficulties, save 
such as are presented to his notice by the editor. 


The Notes have been prepared with special reference tc 
students in the earlier stages of their education, who cannot 
be expected to have at their command, rare and expensive 
helps to elucidate the meaning of the author they are study 
ing. Hence will be found explanations of idioms, unusual 
constructions, the use of moods, &c., which to a ripe scholai 
might seem superfluous, or which apparently might have been 
dismissed by a simple reference to some grammar or commen 
tary, where the point is fully discussed and explained. Bu 
it may be asserted that, even when they have the means s i 
their command, students seldom turn aside from the immedi- 
ate duty of preparing themselves for recitation, to search out 
references and investigate idiomatic constructions. It will be 
seen, however, that after a given explanation has once been 
made, a similar word or construction, usually, is either pass- 
ed by without comment, or simply referred to the note where 
the explanation has been previously given. In the prepara- 
tion of the notes, much help has been derived from the labors 
of others, which I have aimed to acknowledge, although in 
some instances, through inadvertence or a desire of brevity, 
may have omitted to do this 

The references to Buttmann's and Matthias's Grammars are 
quite copious, inasmuch as the editor believes that these work? 
have now quite an extensive circulation, and are in the hands 
of almost every teacher of the language. Equally copious 
references \yere originally made to Thiersch's and Rost's 
Grammars, but were mostly suppressed from the belief, that 
very few copies of those excellent works are in the private 
libraries of teachers and student?. 

The punctuation is essentially that of Dindorf, carefully 
revised, however, by a comparison of the punctuation of Bor. 
Bemaiin, KrOger, and Poppo It iiiay appear to some, thai 


faoo many of the usual points ha^e been omitted. If the ed- 
itor has erred in this, it has been done with the approbation 
c^ some of the best classical scholars in this country, whom 
he consulted in reference to the principles of punctuation, 
and with the example of eminent scholars abroad, whose re- 
cently published works have fewer points of punctuation than 
appeared in older editions. 

As it regards the geography of the places spoken of in 
the Anabasis, the editor has taken pains to avail himself of 
the best helps within his reach, yet he is far from claiming 
to have done more than partial justice to this most important 
task of the commentator. The geography of Western Asia, 
especially of those countries through which the Retreat was 
in part conducted, is so imperfect, that there is great difficulty 
in locating many places with accuracy. The facilities of ac- 
cess to those regions however are now so great, that they 
will doubtless soon be explored and their geographical statis- 
tics more accurately defined, ivhen, if it shall please the public 
to receive this my first offering to the cause of classical lit- 
erature with kindness and favor, so as to call for a second 
edition, I shall endeavor to prefix a map, to assist the student 
ji tracing both the avd^aatg and xard^aatg of the Greeks, 
and in locating the places referred to by the historian, 

I should do injustice to my feelings, were I to forbear 
acknowledging my obligations to Professors Felton of Harvard 
University, Woolsey of Yale College, and Lewis and Johnson 
of the New-York University, for many valuable suggestions in 
he plan of the work. Especially to Prof. Woolsey and Dr, 
Robinson am I indebted, for the freely proffered use of their 
choice and extensive libraries, which placed within my reach 
many books, that were of great use in preparing this edition. 

Cornelius Institute, May 2, 1843. 




t04P. Ctrus the Younger is accused to his brother Artaxcrxes oi plci- 

I. ting against him, upon which he is apprehended, and obtains his lib- 
erty only at his mother's intercession. He returns to his satrapy, and 
secretly raises an army, part of which are Greeks, in order to make 
war against his brother. 

II. He sets out from Sardis, and marches. through Lydia, Phrygia, 
and Lycaonia into Cappadocia, whence he enters Cilicia and finds 
it deserted by Syennefvis, who is however at last induced by his wife 
to have an interview with Cyrus. 

III. The Greeks suspecting the real object of the enterprise, refuse 
to go any further ; but by the prudence of Clearchus they sonsent 
to follow Cyrus, who says that the expedition is intended against 

IV. The army passes the Pylse Syriae. Two of the Greek generals, 
Xenias and Pasion, having taken offence at Cyrus, desert the ex- 
pedition. The magnanimity of Cyrus in not pursuing them, causes 
the army to follow him wrch great enthusiasm. They reach Thap- 
sacus on the Euphrates, where Cyrus discloses the real design 
of the expedition ; but the army, by fresh promises and the craf\ of 
Menon, are induced to cross the river. 

V They pass through a desert country, having the Euphratdi on 

their right. Many of the beasts of burden perish for want of fodder 
While provisions are brought over from Carmande, a town on the 
opposite bank of the Euphrates, a quarrel arises between Clear- 
chus and Menon, which is settled by a serious appeal from Cyrus 

VI- Orontes, a relative of Cyrus, is apprehended when on the point 
of deserting to the king. He is tried and condemned to death. 

VII. Cyrus, supposing that the king would join battle the next day, 
reviews his army at midnight, and makes an encouraging speech to 
the Greeks. The next day, with his army in order of battle, he 
passes a trench dug by the king, after which, iVimVaiv^xVv^X >DiYi 


brother bad given up all intention of fighting, he proceeds less caa 
VIII. Suddenly and unexpectedly it is announced, that the king*i 
army is approaching in fine order, whereupon Cyrus and the Greek 
commanders hastily marshal their fi3rce8 and prepare for battle. 
The Greeks, whose position is on the right wing', charge the ene 
my, and easily rout that part of the royal forces oppposed to them. 
Cyrus, seeing the king in the centre, rashly attacks him and is slain 

IX. The eulogy of Cyrus. 

X. The king takes and plunders the camp of Cyrus, but is repulsed 
from the Grecian camp. Joined by Tissaphemes he proceeds 
against the main body of the Greeks, who again put his army to 
flight The Greeks return to their camp. 


f HAP. The Greeks hear with surprise and grief of the death of Cy 

I. nis. They ofier the throne of Persia to Ariseus, who declines it, 
and expresses his intention of returning forthwith to Ionia. The 
king summons the Greeks to deliver up their arms. Finding.them 
resolute and undismayed, the eilvoy in the name of tfa# king, ofi*er8 
them peace if they remain where they are, but threatens them 
with war, in case they advance or retreat. They dismiss the mes- 
senger with a bold answer. 

II. The Greeks join Ariaeus, with whom they form a treaty, 
and take counsel in reference to their return. During the night 

' following the first day's march, the army is seized with a panic, 

which Clearchus pleasantly allays. 

III. The next morning the king proposes a truce, and sends guides 
lo conduct the Greeks, where they can obtain provisions. A treaty 
is here concluded between the two parties, the terms of which are, 
that the Persians shall faithfully conduct the Greeks to their own 
country, furnishing them with provisions, which the Greeks are tc 
buy, or procure from the, country through which they pass, with- 
out doing injury to it. 

IV. Mutual suspicion which ripens into enmity, arises between the 
Greeks and Persians. The armies pass the Median wall and crosi 
the Tigris. 

V Having halted at the river Zabatus, Clearchus, m order co pj\ 

an end to the suspicions, seeks an interview with Tissaphernes, 
at whose invitation he repairs the next day to the Persian camp, 
with four other generals and twenty captains. At a given signal^ 
the generals are made prisoners, and the captains put to death; 
Ariseus then comes to the Greek camp, and in the king's name de 
mands the surrender of their arms. The Greeks return a reproach 
ful aoBwer. 


VI The character of the five generaii. 


CRAP. The Greeks are in great dejection. Xenophon, awakened from 

I. his slumbers by a remarkable dream, arouses first the captains ol 
Proxenus, and then the generals and captains of the other divisions. 
At his suggestion, they elect new commanders, in place of those, 
who had been seized by Tissaphernes. 

II. A new council is held, at which, after speeches made by Chiri 
Bophus, Cleanor, and Xenophon, the order of march is resolved up 
on, and his post assigned to each commander. 

m. As the Greeks are about to commence their march, Mithridates, 
under the guise of friendship, comes to them, but soon shows that be 
is an enemy, and they resolve for the future, to enter into no negotia- 
tions with the Persian king. Afler the passage of the Zabatus, they 
are harassed by Mithridates, and sufier for the want of slingerj 
and horsemen. . By Xenophon*s advice, men are enrolled for these 

lY. Mithridates again pursues the Greeks, but is easily repulsed. 
They reach the Tigris, afler which they are attacked by Tis- 
saphernes with a large army. The Greeks repulse him and then 
change their order of march. Passing over a mountainous country^ 
they are harassed by the enemy, but getting possession of an emi- 
nence, commanding the one occupied by the Persians, they descend 
mto the plain. 

V. Having arrived at a point, where the Carduchian mountains 

press close upon the river, and being still harassed by the enemy, 
the generals hold a consultation, and resolve to march over tho 


e«AP. They enter the Carduchian territory, but sufier much from the 

I. wind and cold, and also from the assaults of the barbarians, by 
whom they are shut up in a valley. 

II. A prisoner is compelled to serve as a guide, who conducts a 
part of the army to an eminence, whence they disperse the barba- 
rians, and thus enable the Greeks to leave the valley. 

III. They arrive at the river Centrites, which, by a series of skilfui 
manoDUvres, they cross in safety, and disperse the Persians, who 
are drawn up on the opposite bank to oppose their passage. 

IV. The Greeks enter Armenia, pass the sources of the Tigris, and 
reach the Teleboas. Here they make a treaiy with Teribazus, the 
satrap of the province, whom they soon find to be insincere. 

¥ In their march through the country, they sufier intensely &oisi 

the cold, and deep anow, ai well aa from iVie ni ^ul of foo^. K\ 


length they reach some villages well-stored with provisions, wlieic 
tjjey remain seven days. 
VI. They set out from these villages with a guide, who being struck 
by Chirisophus, deserts them. After wandering about for several 
days, they reach the river Phasis. Thence having marched tw« 
days, they arrive at a mountain occupied by the Phasiani, whom 
with much address and gallantry the Greeks dislodge. 

VII. Entering the country of the Taochi, the Greeks storm a fort, in 
which they find a great number of cattle, upon which they subsist, 
while passing through the country of the Chalybes. They cross 
the Harpasus, and march through the country of the Scythini, to 
Gynmias, from which town a guide conducts them to Mount Te« 
ches, where they obtain a view of the sea. 

VIII. The Greeks having descended the mountain, and made a treaty 
with the Macrones, ascend the Colchian mountains, and rout the en- 
emy who are drawn up to oppose them. Thence they descend into 
well-furnished villages in the plain, and in two day reach Trapezus, 
a Grecian city on the Euxine Sea. 


CHAP. Chirisophus is sent to obtain ships from Anaxibius, the Spartan 

I. admiral. Xenophon, in the mean while, takes other measures to 
procure ships, in case the mission of Chirisophus should prove un- 
successful, and sees that the roads are well prepared for the army, 
should it be obliged to proceed by land. Dexippus betrays the 
irust reposed in him and deserts the army. 

II. The Greeks being in want of provisions, Xenophon leads a for- 
aging expedition against the Drilse. Destroying all their property 
in the fields, these people shut themselves up in their principal fort, 
which the Greeks, after meeting with a fierce resistance, take and 
burn. The next day they return to Trapezus. 

Ill Embarking the camp-followers, invalids and baggage, in the 

ships, the army commences its march towards Greece by land. At Co 
rasus, they divide the money raised from the sale of captives. The 
tenth part is given to the generals to be kept for Apollo and Arte 
mis of Ephesus. A short description of Scillus, the residence ol 

fV The MossyncBcians prohibit the Greeks from passing through 

their territory. An alliance is formed with a part of the Mossy- 
ncecians hostile to those opposing the Greeks. With these alli*ig 
the Greeks force their way into the chief city, which is destroyed 
The barbarous manners of the Mossynoecians described. 

V. The army passes through the country of the Chalybes, and ar 

rive at Cotyora. Not being hospitably received, the Greeks sub 


lilt by plundering the Paphlagonians and the territory cf Cotyora. 
Of this the people of Sinope, through their anibaHsadors, comnlain, 
but are satisfied by the reply of Xenophon. 
VI. The Greeks are advised by these ambassadors to proceed by 
■ea. The design of Xenophon to build a city in Pontus, rs frustrated 
by the treachery of Silanus, to whom he had communicated it. 

VII. Xenophon defends himself from the charge of intending to sail 
to the Phasis, and accuses certain of the soldiers, who some timo 
previous had insulted the ambassadors from Cerasus. 

VIII The conduct and accounts of the generals being investigated, 
some are fined for delinquencies. Xenophon being accused of using 
severity towards the soldiers, admits the fact,' but shows in an elo- 
quent speech, that he was justified in the circumstances 


iBiAP The ambassadors of the Paphlagonians, coming to negotiate a 

I. peace, are treated with a sumptuous banquet. Peace is concluded 
with them, afler which the Greeks sail to Sinope. Here the army 
determines to choose a commander-in-chief, and elect Xenophon^ 
but he declines the appointment, the omens he offered being un 
propitious. Chirisophus is then chosen. 

II. The Greeks sail to Heraclea.- At this place, a dissension arises^ 
which results in the division of the army into three parts, one com- 
posed of the Arcadians under their own leaders, the other two res 
pectively under Chirisophus and Xenophon. 

111. At the port of Calpe, the Arcadians disembark, and making a 
predatory incursion against the Bithynians, are in imminent dan 
ger of destruction, but are rescued by the timely arrival of Xeno 
phon. They all return to Calpe and join Chirisophus. 

VI The army pass a decree, that it shall be a capital offence to pro- 

• pose another separation. Neon, contrary to the auguries, leads ou\ 

two thousand men to forage, but is attacked by Pharnabazus, and re* 

treats with the loss of five hundred men. He is brought back to 

the camp by Xenophon. 

V. The next day, Xenophon under favorable auspices leads out the 

troops, buries those who had been slain the day before, and puts to 
flight the enemy, who suddenly had shown themselves on a hill. 

VI The array now finds plenty of booty, which they take in per- 

fect security. Cleander, the Spartan harmostes of Byzantium, ar- 
rives, and by the intrigues of Dexippus is at first prejudiced agains< 
thi Greeks, but is reconciled through the wise endeavors of Xeno- 
pnon. The command of the army is offered to him, which he de- 
clines, th V omens being unfavorable The army reach Chrysopolis. 



«HAP. At the ii stance of Pharnabazus, who wishes to get the Gr<>tfiL« 
]. oat of his territoriee, Anaxibius, the Spartan admiral, invites the 
army by a false promise of pay, to crossover to Byzantium. Hiring 
been treacherously excluded from the city by Anaxibius, the Greeks 
force their way in, but are appeased by Xenophon. Cceratades, a 
Theban, proposes himself to the army as their general, promising to 
conduct them into the Delta of Thrace, but soons resigns the office 
conferred upon him. 
II Many of the soldiers now leave the army, while those who re 

mam in Byzantium are sold as slaves by Aristarchus, the successor 
of Cleander. The Greeics wish to cross back into Asia, but are 
hindered by Aristarchus. Xenophon repairs to Seuthes a Thracian 
chief, who had invited the army to enter his service, to learn upon 
what terms he wishes to engage their services. 

III. The Greeks accept the offers of Seuthes, and proceed to hia 
quarters, where they are hospitably entertained. 

IV. They march against his enemies, whose villages they burn, but 
are attacked in their quarters by some fugitives, who had pretended 
submission, and thus spied out the situation of the camo 

The barbarians are repulsed, and submit to Seuthes. 

V. Seuthes neglects to pay the army as he had promised, where 
upon the Greeks cast the blame of the affair upon Xenophon. 

VI. Xenophon defends himself from certain charges and suspicions 
in respect to the pay withheld by Seuthes. He refuses to remain 
with Seuthes, preferring to accompany the army into Asia, whither 
it is about to proceed to engage in the war with Tissaphernes 

VTl The absurdity of the charge of Medosades, a Thracian, against 

Xenophon is shown by him, upon which the Lacedaemonian depu- 
ties refuse to conduct the Greeks into Asia, until Seuthes bas paid 
them. Xenophon at last prevails on Seuthes to pay the wages 
due to the army. 

VIU. Xenophon himself receives no pay, and is so straitened as to be 
obliged to sell his horse to raise funds. He proceeds with the army 
to Pergamus, where he is hospitably received by Hellas the wifo of 
Gongylus. By her advice he attacks the castle of Asidates. At 
first he is unsuccessful, but on the following day, he takes Asidates 
prisoner, with his wife, children, and all his riches. He receives 
a large share of the booty and delivers the army to Thimbron, to be 
incorporater with the forces levied against Tissaphernes. 


S. stands for Sophocles' Greek Grammar. 



« Matthice's « « 



«* Buttmann's « « 



" Viger's Greek Idioms (SeageHs ed.). 



" note. 



" compare, consult. 

C. V. 


" connecting vowel. 

X. T. A. 


** xal Tot IniTtd =z &C. 



•' theme. 



** literally. 



" penult 



" scilicet 

synt. " " syntax. 

Tbe references to Buttmanni are made ^o his larger grammfti 
jfsnslated by Dr. Robinson. ' 



r\ \ 


1. jdAPEIOT^ xaJ UaQvadridog yiyvovrcu noudig 5t;o/ 
ngea^vteQBg fiiv ^u^gtal^tQ^ijg, vefaraQog^ ds KvQcg. 'Ef^u dt 
ilc&ivEi /iuQEiog xal vnooTTievs teXevti^v zov ^iov, i^ovXszo * tw . - ,. ; 
ncude cificpoTBQm naqtlvai. 2. '0 niv ovv nQBa^vregog^ nuQ^v^ ^^^ 
irvy/^ave.' Kvqov 88 fieTanefijiBrai ano TTJg aQxljg ^ ^g avthv aatqi' 
jtijp inoiijae, xal atQarrjyov ds avjov ansdei^e ' nifjmv oaoi elg 
KaarwXov nadiov a&Qoi^ovrai, ^uiva^alvti ovv o KvQog Xa^^ 
TiGa(tcfi(>vqv cjg (fikqv ' xa2 rcoy 'fHXi^vmv de sjj^v bnXliag avi^if^ 
tQiaTioaiovg, OQ^ovta ^ dl avt&v Ssviav UaQ^ddiov. 

3. 'Ensl ds itaXevtijae Jaquog xaJ xajsajij Big lijv ^ocaiXsiav 
\/4Qta^fQ^r^g, Ttaaaq}SQVfjg dia^dXXei lov Kvqov TTQog top ddtXcpov 
sag tm^ovXevo^^^ ain^. *0 de Trei&eTairexou cvXXafji^dvBi Kvqov 
ig tf;i'0KT«»'(J5y • " i] di fJttjtTjQ i^airt^auivrj ^* avrov anomimBi 
rziXiv im tijv aQX^'i^* ., 4. '0 ^ cog dnrjXOe xivdvvEVffag xai dzifjtd! 
aOiig, fiovXevezai ontag '^ fir^Tiota an hatai im tqJ a^f Aqpql, dXX r^v 
bivrirai ^aatXavasi dvt ixaivov. UaQvaatig fjiiv drj ly f^'l'^VQ ^^^Q 
IE rtjJ KvQ<p,*^ q)iXov<Ja avrov fioiXXov rj tov ^aaiXsvovza ^u^qtu^eq- 
l^tjr. 5. Ogtig ^' aqiixvEtzo Tcof TioQa ^aaiXimg TTQog at tov ndv 

• { 175. N. 2. — 2§ 137.N. 8.— «§ 57. 1. — < Root? — « § 57. 2.— 
' 1 i >5. 3. — ^ § 222. 4 ; Butt. § 144. — ® account for the circumflex ace. 
f»31.iN. 2.) — »§96. 9. — »°§§118. B: 117.12. --»»5 184. 1.— 
•» i 2W. !. — »*§ 222. 1. — »< What is this mid. voice»t(§ 207. 2.) 1 
.-'• $} 328 9: 213. N /. — »• Whv in the Dat? 



1'- 1 

CAP. I. 

1. jdAPEIOT^ xaJ UaQvadjidog yiyvortcu noudeg 5vo^ 
ngeiT^vteQBg fjiev ^u^Qra^tQ^rjgy vedtegog^ de KvQcg. ^Ej^u dt 
ilc^ivEi /fugelog xal vnooTTievs teXevzrjv tov ^iov, i^oiXsio * tw -. ,.- : 
nou^i afMpoT£Q(o naqtlvoLi. 2. '0 niv ovv ngea^uregog * rtoQ^v * i'^^- 
irv'/'/^are,' Kvqov 88 fiSTanefATiejai ano jr^g OQxJjg ® tjg avtov aatqi' 
nqp iTioiijae, xal GtQarrjyov de avtov UTiidet^^e^ natzfov oaoi elg ^^ 

KaatwXov neSiov a^QOi^onai. ^Ava^aivn ovv o Kvgog Xa^wf ' 
Tusaacfigvriv dg q}iXqv ' xal rcoy 'JPXXi^vmv de ejmv onXviag ave^if^ 
tQiaxoaiovg, OQ^ovta ^ de avt&v Seviav UaQQciaiov, 

3. 'Enel de iteXevrrjire Jageiog xaJ Hatictri sig ttjv ^uatXeiav 
'AQTu^sQ^tjg, Tia<jaq}£QV7]g dia^dXXei lov Kvqov nQog tov adeXcpov 
sag eni^ovXevoj^ " avrq). ' de nsi&eTaire^ iiou avXXafi^dvei Kvqov 
dg UTTOjcievmv • *^ fj de fi^trjQ i^airt^auipTj " avTOv anomimsi 
ndXiv im tr^v a^jf'/y. ., 4. '0 ^ dog dTzr^Xde xivdwevaag xaj atiftd* 
aiydg, ^ovXevezai ontag '^ fif^note in eatai em tqI ddeXqi€[}, aXX r^v 
divrirai ^aaiXevaei avt ixeivov. JJaQvaatig fiev dtj rj fjn^trjQ vttijq 
le rqi KvQ<p,^^ q)i),ov<Ja avtov fjiaXXov tj tov ^aaiXsvovia 'Agta^sQ- 
^t^r. 5. Ogtig d* aqiixveito t^v noQa ^aciXioag nQog aitov ndv 

• { 175. N. 2. — 2§ 137. N. 8.— '§ 57. 1. — < Root? — « § 57. 2.— 
' 1 i "is. 3. — ^ § 222. 4 ; Butt. § 144. — * account for the circumflex ace 
f»Jl.N.2.) — »§96. 9.— »»§§118. B: 117.12. --»»5 184. 1.— 
• » k 2W. !. — »»§ 222. 1. — »< What is this mid. voice^t (§ 207. 2.) 1 
.-*• §i 228 9: 213. N /. — »• Why in the Dat? 



T • , . 

tag ovim Hiazi&eig aneTThnntro wgif ' eavT^'^ jia),Xop cfDiOVS «?»« 
Tj ^aat)M» Kal rcoy ttuq savril) ds j^aQ'^aQcov ^ i7Tt^u).tiT0 «<; tio' 
XsnEiv re ixaroi ti'r^aav mu evyo'r/.cj^' tyoitv ' uvrm, 6. Tr-v di 
ED.Xrinx^lv di'vafup i^OQOiLti' cog'* fiuhaza edvraTo iTiixQVTiTOfiErogt 
onoag on unuQaG'A.tv6ra70v Xd^oi ^uaOJa, ^de ovv inonizo 
Tfjv <sv),lo//iv» ' Onoaag tlj^s qvluxag ^ / r raTg noleai miQriyyeiXt 
toXg cpQOVQiQioig^ tAaaroig Xim^uvtiv^ uvdQag UtloTroryr^aiovg 
on TiXsiffzovg ^t).Tiarovg, mg Int^ovXtvovrog Tiaoacp^Qvovg ' 
talg TToXtai. Kut yuQ J^dav al 'fmriAul noXtig TiaaaopiQvovg '° ro 
UQiaiov ix ^a(n).ta)g ^f^o/itVa/, tote 5' dq^ear/ixsmiv nQog Kvqo9 
mtaai nX^v MiXt]tov, 7. lu' 3//P./^to) ^i TicaacpE^rr^g TTQoai- 
frO^ofiSvog zaaita^^ ntvta ^ovXevojitvovg, anoorHivai nQog Kvqov^ 
tovg fiiv avrmv aniictetve 'f rovg 5' ih'^aXer. '0 ds KvQog vTroXa^mr 
roifg qiEvyovrag avXXt^ag '^ aTQarev^ia hnoXioQ'ABi MiXrjTor ku) 
Tiata j'5*'" 3<«J nata ■&dXattav 'aoi IntiQuto xardyeiv tobg s-attB' 
TTtoDxoTag. Kal avti] av aXXrj TZQocpaaig tiv avTcp tov (IOqoiXeiv^' 
GjqirBVfxa, 8. IlQog di ^aaiXta Tztfin&iv r^^tov iidtXcpog oiv avrov 
dod-ljvai^^ 01 ravrag rag noXttg fiaXXov ^ Tiaaaq:tQvriy oq-^hv av- 
rwr, xaJ ^ M^^Q cvvbTzqatrev avrfp xmra • tyjgrs ^amXevg zT^g fjiit 
^{)og iavTOV iTii^ovXr^g" ova r^ad^avEto,^^ Ticffacpt-Qvei de ivofiil^i 
noXmovpta aitov u^qii. ra otQaTevtiara ^anarrti" (Sgzs ovdh> 
ijj^d^tTO ** avtmv no7,Efiovvz(ov ' ycii yun o KvQog antTiefiTrs rovg yt- 
yfOfJLBvovg dacfiovg ^aotXti ix tojp ttoXecdv^^ cor o TwffUipeQVJig 
itvyyavev^ Eytav, 9. *'^XXo ds aT^dzsvfAa aifrci) (TVpr.Xeysro if 
XbQQOvriaQ^ ry'^ xatavxintQug ^^i^vdov xovde tov rgoTtov. KXhiq^ 
)^og u^a'Aeiifiifioviog cpvyag Ijr ' zowtq) avyyevofASvog 6 KvQog iy^'d' . 
a&i] Tfi avzov not, diSmffiv avzcp fivQiovg duQeucovg.^ *0 de "ka^oii 
to yovaiov argdrevfia ^vvtXsiev dno rovzoov zap )[Qt^fidzwp xa\ 

» §§ 25: 14. 2 — « § 196. I. — ^ 182. — -' § 216. 1. — ' § 22S. 
Z, «?. ■— ^ § 151. 2, 3. — ^ Component parte? — ' JJ 96. 6 : 12. 1. 

— •What does this oren. abs. denote (9 192.)? — '^SjtiL? 

— '^§ 144.3.— '«§§ lis. K: 104.2.— "§5 '104.1: 9.2: 12. :{.— 
** Account for the circumflex. — '* § 221. — '^ Why does thr ult. here 
take the acute accent (22. 2.)? — ''^ § 179. 1. — ^'Account for Mia-i 
Bubs. — *• Th.? Used herein a lit. or trop. sense? — ** § 43. 'i — 
'' §§ 96. 7: 12. 2: 222. 4. — " § 140. 2. — " Val oi the daric ? fe.v- N 


Bnoktfui ix XeQQOvt^aov oguafierog roig Qga^l toi^ * vttsq 'Ekkr^s, 
novtov olxovat xal cog)tlti rov^ "EX/^r^rag ' mgts koi xqw^^^ gvvb" 
ddXkovzo avT(i)ttg T^jv rQoqt^ytmv aiQatKoroJv al ' E/J^r^snovTiaxai 
fiolttg ixovoai. Tovzo d' uv ovxto TQtqjoiiSVor'^ fXav&avtr avr^ 
to aTQUJtvftu, 10. '^QiaztTZTtog ds 6 Qtrxalhg l^ivog toy ixvyf^uL- 
fff avzq), xul TTit^of^epog imo rcwy oiixoi^ avTiaraaimtm' €Q)^£zai 
ttQog Tov KvQOV xai aiiei* ahtov elg dtg)(jiXiovg ^svovg xai romp 
fir^rojy ' fiia&oy, (og ovroo TTtQiyevofievog ^ av t^p apiuTTaaicnTapJ 
*0 d^ KuQog dIZmaiv avrtp eig tetQuntg^^iXiovg xal tf ^voop 
jua{yov, xal dettai avzov^ '^irj ^ Ttgoa&ev xajuXvaai Tzqbg rovg am- 
ctaatoiTctg ttqiv av avrqy GVfijiovXtvatjtai' Ovj(a de av ro iv 08t- 
Tu?Ja iXavx^avev avzcp zQE^ofJievov GTQdtevfta, 11. TlQO^avov di 
top BoKfitiov ^bvop opfa avzfp ^ ixelevae Xa^ovta avdQag on nXei' 
arovg 7iaQay8vt6&at,^° mg tig FleiGidag §ovX6f^£Pog azQaTavsG&cUj^^ 
mg TZQayfiaia TragexoPToap z^v llaiaidoap ry iavzov Xfoqa. £oq)oU' 
perov de top 2lzv[iq)uhov xai ZojxQatijp tov ^Aiouhvy l^i»ovg optag 
xcu rqvzovg, ixeXevdep avdQag la^ovzag *' ild'eiv ozi nXsiatovg, Ag 
nol€[A^a<ap '^ Tiaaacpigvei avv totg cpvydai " rmv MtXtj^ioDv. Kat 

inoiow *^ ovz(ag ovzol 


1. 'Etzei 5' idoxei ifiij Tzogevea&ai avz^ ava), zijy fiev ^r^ogio- 
tnv inouTzo dog Tleiaidag ^ovXofiBVog ix^aXsip napranaaip ix tijg 
Xoigag ' xal a&Qoi^ei dag mi rovzovg to ts ^ag^aoixop xal to 'EXXtj* 
pixop TO ivzav&a azgdiz£V[iii, xal nagayyiXXBi Tfji zb KXaagic^ Xa 
86m ^xeip 060V rjv avzct) azgdzsvfia, xal zcp 'j^giGziTZTrqt GwaXXct' 
yivri ngog zovg oixoi dnoni^xpai '° ngog iavzov o eixs GzgdzEVfjia^ 
ucu Sspia TQi *u4gxddi, og avzoy ** ngoeGz^xei rov ip zalg noXiGi^^ 

* § 140. 2. — ' § 222. 4. — 3 Why not prapenspx-m. (§ 20. N. 1.) ? 
— * Accus. of thinor followinjr this verb? — ® What does this gen. 
denote ( § 173. K. !)?—«§ 222. 1. — '' § 184. 1. — M 181. 1. — »§ 

197. ^* ' '"'"• -^^ ^ 




mote ( § 173. K. !)?—«§ 222. 1. — '' § 184. 1. — M 181. 1. — »§ 
yj, N. 4. — *' Why parcrytone (§93. 3.) ? — ** Why proparoj-t'- 
ne (§ JK). 1, N. 1.) f — *' §§ 118. ^: 96. 7 : 12. !. — '»§ 95. — '* \k 
K 1 : 10. 2. — '« Why the impeif. ? — '• Synt ? — •'' Dat. plcv. Vw 


l^snxov, ti^eiv noQuyyiX'ku Xa^ovta rohi; av^qag nXi^v bnoxsoi * ixa 
VQi r^aav rag ungoTZoXeig cpvXdtruv. 2. 'EytuXsae'^ di x«i tovq 
l\Iiki]TOV TiohoQuovvtag, xal rohg q)vyddag^ iiitksvce avv avn^ 
aTQUTevead^aiy v7ioa)^6fi8vog ' avtoig, d xal^g naTanQu^eiev ^ iq) ^ a 
^t7TQaj£veto, ft// nQoai^iiv navaaad'ai tiqiv avtovg xard^oi otzade? 
Ot ds ?^dt(og inei&DVTO ' iniatevov yuQ avi^ ' xul Xa^ovieg 7a onla 
jiaQJjaav tig Saqbug, : 3. Seviag fisv drj jovg in rav noXemv Xa^oji^ 
fiUQeytvero ^ eig ^OQdeig bnXitag sig rsTQaxigxiXiovg, ngo^ejog di 
/laQr^v s)^a)v onXliag ^ fjisv elg nevtaxoaiovg xal iiXiovg, YVfivijrag de 
nevraxoaiovg ' J^ocpalvetog ds 6 2^rv[JiqidXiog bnXlzag eycov 'j^iXiovg • 
Zco'AQdtrjg di 6 ^uiiaiog bnXiTag tytov (bg TzevTaxoaiovg • Uaamr di 
o MeyoQevg elg iQiunoaiovg fiev bnXiTag^ TQiaTioaiovg 8e TieXzaaTug 
B^^tov noQeyiteto ' tjp ds xa* ovTog nal b ^(oxQdrrjg tmv ttjwqpi Mi' 
Xrjrov aTQatevo(uv(X)v.^^ 4. Ovzot iisv elg ^dgdeig avt^ dq)ixoyto 
TicaaqieQvijg ds xaiavoi^ffag xavta xal ^eiCova Tjyr^adfievog " elvai 
ij (bg im Ileiaidag rijv TiaQaaaevtjv noQevetai (bg ^aatXea rj idvvaio 
rdxujta Inniag cj^cay (ag nevraTioaiovg,/ 5. Ka\ ^aadevg niv dri 
inel ijxovae naqa TiaaacpeQPOvg tov Kvqov aroXov, avtiTZOQeaxsv- 

KvQog ds ex(OP ovg *' eJigijxa &)Qiiato " dno 2!dQde(av ' xal i^s- 
Xavpsi ^ dia tr^g jdv8iag (jiad^fiovg iQeig naQaaa^ag eiaoiji xou 
Hvo im thp McdavdQov notafiovK Tovtov ro evQog dvo TiXed^Qa ' 
yirpvQU 8i intjv i^evyiisvi] '* 7i7,omg entd^ 6. Tovrov dia^ag ^' i^e- 
Xaifvsi dia 0Qvyiag (jrad'iiov eva TzaQaadyyag oxtw elg KoXoaaag, 
noXtp oixovusvtjv, evdaifiova hoi fieydXrjv, *Evtav&a sfAHvev fifii" 
gag STiTa ' xal rjae Miv(ov b QetraXog bnXitag ^ow ^^Xlovg xaJ 
neXtaatag nevtaxoaiovgj /loXonag *^ xai Alviavag xaJ * OXwi>lovg. 
7. *Efr&v&ev i^eXavvei ara&fiovg iQelg naqaadyyag eixoaiv elg Kp- 

Pron. adj. of what kind ? — ' ? 95. N. 1. — ^ j^q^^ j^ow formed ? 
— * § 118. Y. — s § 87. N. 3. — ^ How does ini become V (^5 25: 
U. 2.) ? — '^ § 121. N. a — « Tenae-root? c. v.? Term.?— » ? 127. 
5; Butt § 119. N. 11. 1). — '" Synt. ?— ^' § 208. Root? — »' §? 133. 3: 
226. 1. — *' § 151. R. 1. — *Mn what tensee are pure verbs .on- 
»:acted?— »' § 15. 3; Butt. §. 26. 6.— '• § 76. 2. — "^ Part Hw 
ormed ? — " §§ 36. 2. 


latPog r^g 0Qvyiag noXit oiaovfievi^Vy fisydktjv xai eiSaifJiOfa 
'EpTar&a KvQcp ^aaiXeta f;p * xaJ TzaQcideiaog fieyag ayqicav d'tigi" 
0)1' '^ 7r?./jQr^g, a i'Aeivog ix^i^gsvev ano Innov, onotE yvfivdaai ^ ^ov- 
koiTO iavtov * ze xai Toi'g Innovg. /dta fiicov ds rov Tzaqocdeiaot 
oti * 6 Maia-vdQog Ttorafiog ' at ds TTrjyai avtov elaiv ® ix tmr ^a- 
aileioav QH de xai dia t^jg Ktkaiv^v noXeoag^'^.S, ^jE<m dl xal 
utydXov ^aaikiiag ^aaiXeta iv KtXaivuTg igv/iva im raig nt^yaig * 
rov MaQ(Tvov nozapiov " vno ry dHQOTzokai ' qbX de xai ovrog dia 
tr.g noXeotg xal sfA^dXXei elg rov MalavdQOv ' rov di Maqavov ro 
evQog iaxiv thoai x«i nivte nodmv,^ ,\ ^Eyrav&a Xiy€rai,^An6XX(av 
ixduQai^^ MaQ(5V(tv, vixriaag EQ[Covrd]\ oi neQi aocfiag xai to dag- 
ua xQSuagai ' av ro;t avrgqi olrav at nriyai' oia oa rovro o 
noia/iog naXaTrai MoQcvag, 9. 'Evrav&a SaQ^tjg^ ore ax tijg 
EXXddog rirrrid^aig '^ rr^ f*d)[ri dne^dQei^ Xiyarai oUo8oiJUJaai ^ zav- 
td re ra ^aaiXtta xal rt]v KeXaivoiv dxQOTioXiv.^'^^ 'Evrav'&a Ifieifa 
KvQog f^fiegag^ rQidxovra' xal ^xe KXaaQ)[og 6 Aaxedai(i6nog 
qjvyag ax(ov onXirag ^tXiovg xa) naXracrag Qqaxag oxraxociovg 
xat ro^orag Kg/jrag diaxotjiovg. Afia da xal JItaaiag na^ o 
2^vQaxov<jtog aytov bnXirag rQiaxoaiovg, xou Soq^aivazog 6 'Aqxoq 
a^tov OTtXtrag x^Xiovg. Kai avtnv&a Kvgog a^araaiv xai aqid'fjiop 
tojv 'E).Xi^vGiv anoitjaav ay tq) TtaQadaiaqo, xai ayavovro oi avfinavteg 
i'fiXirai fiav fivQioi xai x^Xioi, naXraata) da ifiqii rovg digxtXiovg* , • 
10. ^Evravd-av i^aXavvai ara&fiohg dvo Tzagaffdyyag dexa sig 
niXrag, noXiv oixovfuvtjv. 'Evrav&^ aiiairav tj/iagag rg£ic ' ip cdg 
Seviag 6 ^Agxag ra Avxaia eOvas xai dy^va e&ijxe '' * ra de ci'&Xa 
Ztrav orXayyidsg iQvaal' *^ a&scoQai da rov dyoopa xal Kvgog, 'Ep- 
tev&sp a^a7,avpei cra&fiovg dvo nagaadyyag doidaxa eig KegofA^ 
dyogav, noXiv oixovfiavijp, iaxdrtjy ngog r^ Mvaia x^QQ^* v H- *Ep- 

» § Why the sing ? — * Synt ?— ' What has become of C in the 
pres. ? — * Why the acute accent (§ 22. 3.) ? — » § 4. 2. — « Why 
anaccented ? — M 31. N. 2. (2.) — » § 33. N. 3. (2.) — » §§ 175 : 36. 
8. (5.) Copula and gram. pred. of this clause? — *" §§ 104. 2 : 20l 
N. 1 : 21. 2. — *^ Why two accents 1 — ^* § 95. N. 2. — ^s §§ 121. 2 . 
123. — ^1 Dif. betw. aepoii, pass, and depon, mid. ? — *' § 135. 1. — 
• Comp. parts 7 — * ' § 104. N. 2. — ^« Why perispom, ^ 



revO-Ef i^eXavfii aiad^iiovg TQeTg naQuaayya^ TQtditovta eig Kav- 
GTQov TZkdioVy nok.v ol'AovuBvrjr, ^EnxvO"' tfieivtv f^fifqag nevti' 
nai roXg aTQurtcoraig (aq}eiXeto ftiodog nXiov tj rgioiv utjfoip,^ xoi 
TToXXamg iovieg im ta^.&vpa^ dnj^rovv.'^ O de iXnidag^ Af;'(o^* 
otr^ye y>at dJjXog ijv avuofjievog' ov yuQ i]v jzQog zov Kvqov tqo^ov ' 

12. 'EpTUvd'a ucprnvHtai 'Enva^a q ^vervsotog yvpr^ ^ rov 
KMaoav ^ctaiXi(ag nuQa Kvqov ' xai iXeysTO Kvq(^ dovvai iQ^fKira 
7to7.Xd> TJi d* ovv atqcnm tote anbdm'AE Kvgog fiiaOov Tcrra- 
(icov fir^v^v. Elyy ds rj KiXiaaa cpvXaxag tieq) uvttjv KiXixag 
xa« ^AanEfUlovg • iXtyETO ds nai avyyevic^ai ^ Kvqov ry KiXiatra. 
13. ^EvtEv&EV d' i^EXavvEt azai^fiovg dvo Ttaqacdyyag dttm tig 
0v^^QioVy noXiv orAOVfiEvr^v. ^EvravOa f^v naqa tijv odov HQj^rt^ rj 
Midov KCiXovfiEvt^ rov 0Qvymv ^aaiXE(og, icp jj XEysrai Midag tov 
SuTVQOv '&riQEVGai oivcp ^EQaaag ^ uvTi]r. 14. ^Evtev&ev i^EXavfEt 
arad'fjiovg dvo nuQaadyyag dt-xa Etg Tvqialov, noXiv oUovfjiEVfiv ' 
h'Tuvd^a EfiEivEv *° fjfiEQag TQug- Kat XtyEtai dETid^tivai " 37 KlXtaaa 
Kvqov '^ EmdEi^ai ' ^ rb atQdtEVfia avt\i. BovXoftEvog ovv inidEt^ou 
iihaaiv nomtai h tq) 7iEbio[t t^v 'EXXj^vcov xai rSv ^aQ^dQoat. 
15. 'E7ieXev<7E ds tovg '^EX.Xrjvag <ag vofxog^^ avtotg '* Eig fidxriv ovria 
TaxOljvat *^ 'Aat arrival, avvtd^ai Ss Exnarov rovg savrov " 'Ezd- 
l&ijaKv ovv Em TEtrdQCDV'^^ eJ^e dero iCev dE^iovMtvnv xai oi gvp 
avT^, TO ds Evdvviiov KXeuQxog x«J ot ekeivov, to ds fiEoop oi 
aXXoi GTQarriyoi. 16. 'E{^E(aQEi ovv 6 KvQog nQmzw fuv rovg ^oq- 
^dQOvg' ol ds TiaQ/jXavvov rszayiiEvoi -Aai tXag yca\ xara rd^eig* 
eJra ds rovg "EXXrjvagy nuQEXavvrnv icf aQfiarog xal tj Kihoca /qp' 
OQnandl^r^g. Eljof ds ndtrsg xQavrj yctX-AO. ** xft! yixvivag ^ qiOtPi^ 

» § 35. N. 2. (2.) Synt. ?— '^ Account for the » subs. — » Nom. 
how formed? —* § 222. 4. — ^ 5 317^ j^ j^t^ 18^ ^3^ _ g j 46. 1. — 

M80. N. 1.— 8§ 12.2. — «» § 118. X.— 1° Account for » in the pen. 1 
— ^4 96. 10. — '^ § 181. 1.— *3 §§ 96. 9 : 117. 2. — '*§ 157. N. 10. — 
*« § 196. 3. — '«§ 96. 3: Why is not the subject of tlic infin, 
here expressed (§ 158. 3.)? — -'' What does this gen. denote / — 
•' Dia.ect(§ 6. N. (2.) ? — '» § 34. N. 2. (3.) — «» Norn, how forrr.ed (rm 

LIB. I. CAP. II. 7 

Hovg Ttou xptjfiida^' xai rag donidag VA'ABna&uQutvug,^ 17. 'EntvUq 
di ncLvxag naQtikaae, 0ti]aag to UQ^a ttqo Tfjg qaXayyo^f 7tt[i\pag 
niyqrita rov igfjirjvsa naga rohg at^azijyohg ro5y ' Ellrjtoov ext)jiva6 
riQo^akead^ai ^ ra onXa imifaQtiaai ^ oXrjv ri]v qjdXayya, 01 de 
ravra nQotinov* toTg atQazimtatg*^ x«J mti faaXniy^Sy^ TtQo^aX* 
kofitroi ra on7,a inrjeaavJ *. ^Ex ds rovrov (yuxtov ttqoYovtodv avv 
x(tavy^ dno rov avxondtov ^QOfiog eytnto tolg atQarixoKag im 
Tag Gx/jvdg. y: 18. Tcov ds ^aQ^uQOiv^ cpn^og noXvg xal uX'/.oig xa] 
jy Tt Kikiaca scpvyev^ ix Tr^g dgfiufidir^g xai ol ix zljg dyoqug '® 
xazaXmovTEg ra ana tqievyov ' oi ds "ED.r^rtg ahv yihozi im Tag 
axr^ag r^XOop, 'H ds KiXiaaa idovau ti^v XufiTZQOzrjTa ' ' xai Tqv 
rd^iv Tov azqazevfiazog i^avfiaat. Kt'Qog ds ^6&ij \ rov ix rwy 
'Elli^vcov fig Tovg ^uQ^dgovg qo^ov idc6i\ 

19. ^EvzEv&ev i^sXavtti azaO^iiovg rqsTg nuQacdyyag sixoaiv 
tig 'Ixonov, rrjg <liQvyiag noXiv laydzr^v. 'Evzav&a sfxeive TQsh 
^fitgag. 'Erzsvi^tv i^tXavvti. dia T7^g ^vxaoriag aza&fiovg nivrt 
noQaadyyag tgiaxovza. Tavztjv t\v x^Qav inszqexpB diaqnaaai 
zoig '^EXXTjmv tag noXsfitav ovaav- 20. ^EvzEvi^Bv KvQog ztjv Kl* 
Xiaaav tigrijv KiXixiav aTTOTTSfiTzei zt^v TayicyTTjv '^ odoV '^ xai avV' 
tTzefi^tv avzy azqazKOTag ovg Msvmv 81^8 xai avrov Mivtava* 
KvQog de fiera z^v aXXmv i^eXavvti did Kannadoxiag ara^fiovg 
TtrzaQag naqaadyyag sixoai xa) ntvzs nQog /Idvav, noXiv oixovfii' 
pTjv, fi£yd7,tjv xai evdalfiova. 'Evzavd^a tfietvav tjfiSQag rgsig ' if 
(o KvQog dnixTsivBv '^ dvdQa /7f^(i//r MeyacpsQvr^v, (foivixi6rr]V ^a- 
aiXetor, xai szeqov '^ riva '^ tmv vnaQi^v dvvdaztjv, aiziaffafievog^' 
ini^ovXev^tv '* «mp. 1^21. ^Evzsvd^ev ineigavTO eig^dXXsiv sig tijf 
KiXixiav tj di eig^oXrj ^v odbg dfia^izog 6Q{>ia iaxvQoog xai dfti^- 
}[avog Bign^j^^r " azQazevfAaTi, t'! Tig ixciXvev, ^EXsysro ^^ de xai 

* § 1^7. (1 "^ ' Why has this verb one ). here and two in the pres. ? 
— » Why vroperispom. ? — M '18. -E. — M 196. 4. — « Account 
for i". — ^ Account for t Pub?. — 'Is this tren. siibjcvtfre or objective 
a 17r N. 2.)? — » § 96. 18.— '°§3l. N. 2. (2).— '» § 128. N\ 2.— 
^•Account for ry. — »M 59. 3. — ^* Synt. ? — '* § 118. K. — '• What 
kind of nfl|. ? — '^ Why no accent ? — 'M 183. 1. - ^> § 158. 8. — 
•• Suhj. ? 


£i,evveafg flrat im twv axgoav (pvXdrtGyp tt]v sig^oXt^v ' di o^ efii$p^ 
Yifi^Qav h TCfJ TTtdicp. Tij 5' vareQafcc yabv ciyyt/.og Xiymv on XsXot^ 
n(6g irof 2Lvtrvboig tIl uhqu, STial ^ax^e^o^ to te Mtvtovog ffTQfi' 
zevfiu^ on lifdrj fV Kihmn r^v uaco tcoj' oQtwVf^ xai on TQi^QSig 
//Koi'6 nfrQinXtovaug an ^Itovlag tig KtXimav Ta/imv e)^ovTa^ rag}iovi(ov xra avtov Kvqov. 22. KvQog ^ ovv avt^r^ im za 
oQij otdtvog /KakvovTogJ xa) tide rag (rxrjrag ov ol KtXfxtg iq^vXat- 
rov,^ ^EvTBvOtv ds xaxt^aivtv tig Tttdiov fisya xal xaXov^ BTiio- 
QVTOVy^ Tioi dtvdQoav^ TtavTodanm'^^ tfxnXtoDv xa) afXTiiXfov' ttoXv 
de xai a^aafiov xa). (ntXivr^v xu) xiyyQOV xaJ nvQOvg xai xqii^ag 
q;t()tL "Ogog 3* avtb ntQitjti o)^vqov xa) vxprjXov ndvir^ ix x^aXat- 
Tt-g Big {tdXartav, I 

V 23. Kara^vtg ds dia rovrov rov Tztdiov ffXatJB araO^fiovg tir- 
zaQUQ Tiaqaaayyag nivTB xai Bixoaiv Big Tagrrovg, rijg KiXixlag 
noXiv fJiBydXTjv xui Bvdaifiova. 'Evtavd^a rjaav tcc ^VBvviaiog ^aai^ 
Xeia tov KiXixoav ^aaiXimg' dia f^sai^g ds rtjg TioXBosg qbi ttotu- 
uog Kvdvog oro/ia, tvQog^^ dvo tzXb&qodv, 24. ^Tavrrjv r)jv tzoXip 
il^bXmov oi ivoixovrtBg fiBta JivBvviatog Big jftuQiov oivqov im ra 
OQtj n7,riv oi ra xaTrtjXBTa B^ovtBg ' BfiBivav ds xai. oi TzuQa xqv 
{ydXatiav oixovvtsg iv 26Xoig xai iv ^laaoTg. 25. ^Ejiva^a ds 
rj 2^F.vvB6iog yvvtj Tzgorsga Kv^ov tzbvte ijfieQag t!g Tagaovg dqi- 
XBTO. ^Ev ds Tg vTiBQ^oXy toov OQoiv jw*''* Big TO ntdlov dvo Xo'/nt 
Tov'^ Msvmvog atQarsvfiarog anmX^vio*^^ oV^ fitv tqiaaav^^ unnu' . ; 
^ovrdg n xaraxonrjf'ai^^ vno t^p KiXixofv, oi ds v7r6Xti(iOH7ffg 
xai oi dv^afis'vovg bvqbiv to aXXo argdTSVfia ovds Tag odorg tha 
nXavtofiivovg ajzoXsa&ai' r^aav d ovv ovroi sxazov onXlua.. 
26. Oi If ciXXoi inBidij t]xov, trjv re noXiv Tovg Tagaovg dti'^n/ru' 
tfav, dioL i(oy o)^&QOP t^v GvatQanmrmv ogyi^ofitpoi, xa] tu j^ura- 
Xbhk. ta iv avTXi, Kvgog ds insl etgi^Xaaev eig t^v TioXtr, /le/t- 

' Wliat would this be unaccented? — ' §§ 216. 3: 87. N I. — 
■ What kind of dep. verb (§ 208)? —< § 179. N. 1. — * Synt. ? — 
• § 222. 2. — "^ What does this gen. abs. denote ? — " Why the im- 
perf ? — ^ ^•'' 13: 132. 1. — *" If the ult. is to be accented, why/i^r/V 
£om. ? — " § 167 ; Mt. § 425. 1. b. — »» § 140. 2. — '» § 140. !. -- 
< 5 115. 2. — " § 142. 1. — '• Root? — '^ Why prtyperispom: "> 

LIB. 1. CAP. HI. 9 

atftntro^ rov 2^vin€ctv Tigog iavrov 6 di ovn ^tqchqov oiden^ 
nco xgeirTOvi^ iaizov* elg j^tiQug iX'&eiv eq:r]y ovretote KvQ(p Uvai 
f^&eXe, TtQiv rj yvvli avzov tTisiae y,ai . niareig i),u^e. V 27. Meta di 
tavta ine] awr/tvoPTO aXhjXoigJ" 2vivveaig filv tdcoat^ Kvqo^ j^Qtj* 
uaza no).Xa eig Trjv czQaziaVf KvQog d' ix£ir(p dooQU a vofitXttai^ naqa 
(iuaiXaT rifiia, innov yQvao)[cihrov nai azQmiov yQvaovv^ xaJ xpilXid 
xai axivUKKiV '/^Qvaovv ital azoXr^v IlEQOixijVy ttjv j^oigav fiijxbz* 
acfaQTtdl^eai^ai^' to, ds tiQnaapLtva^^ av^Qanodcty i^v nov iytvyy^i 
roaatt'y anoXafi^dvetVm 


1. 'Evravx^a efitive KiQog ycut i) atQaria i^fjiigag^^ eixoaiP'Or 
yag arQuzioirai ovjt tq}aaciv ihai tov ngoato ' vndnztvov yag ijdi^ 
im ^aaiXia lerai' fJiia{^(oOfjt'ai dt ov-a im jovtcp eq)aGav. IlgmTog 
de KXeagyog rovgavrov azQarioizag f^id^ezo^^ ievui' oi ds aino^ 
te e^a7,Xov^^ xal ra vno^vyia ra ixetvov, iTtel HjQ^aTO ngoiivau 
2. KXsuQXog de rote fttv fw/.oov eh'cpvye^* lov fiij TtaTaTzeTgm&r^voUf 
vazsgov ^ inel tyvto on ov drvf^ffezai ^laaaa&ai, ovvr/yayev^^ fV 
xXijaiav rav avjov azQatiooT^v yiai ngmtov fjiev idiagvB noXvf 
y^QOvov sazdg *'* o/ bi oQmtztg id^avnal^ov x«) iai(07i(ov ' elta de liaja 
Toidde ,^^ 

Z.'^jdvdneg fTTrart(azai,'^ uij {^avfidC^te on yakzn^g cpegoD rolg 
notgovci TtgayfJiaaip, ^EfAo\^ yag Kvgog ^evog iyeveto Kai fjie cpev* 
yovza e'A Tfjg natgldog rd zt uXXa irifirjae i(ut fivgtovg eSmxe daget* 
xovg' ovg iyoj )(c^-iftM' ory. hig ?o i'5/or ® Haze^ef^r^v ifioi dXX ovda 
Ka&tjdvfzd:^t]aa, dXX -tig vfiag fdandvtav, 4. Kai Tzgatov fjiev ngog 
tovg Qgctaug iTioXefxijaa, xa) vnlg t/jg 'EXXddog irtfiODgovfirjv fji8'&* 

• Wlmt does this imperf. denote ? — « § 195. J. — ^ § 58. 2. N.2. 
^ « § 186. 1.— 5 Synt? — « § 104. N. 2. — ^ § 157. 2. — « Why 
periapofn.. contrary to gen. rule § 23. N. o. (2)?--» $ 162. 3.—*° Ac- 
count for a in the antepen. — '^ § 168. 1. — ^' § 210. N. 1. — 
•» Why the impeif. ?— '* I 225, 3. — »« §§ 81. 1. : 96. N. 1.— ^« § 91. 
f^. 7. _ -.7 { 73 1. — •» ^ 136. N. 3. R. — • Ellip. of what word 
with Idwv ? 


VfJimy, fx t7j^ Xenoopfjaov avTOv*; iiOMvveav ^ovXo^ivovg atfctiQi^' 
aO^ia rovj; ii'oiKovvTa<^ E/.lfjva^'^ 7)jvytjv,^ 'Enetdff lie KvQog BadXet^ 
hi^oyy vimg fTtoQEvofivVfiva ti Ti dtoizo (oq)eXoir]v avthv av&^ mp* 
sv ijia^ov vji ixeivov. 5. 'E.-itl ds vfieig ov ^oiXea&B avunoQev- 
C(yi>«/, avay^ri d/j [loi. y vfiag nQoSovxa tij Kvnov q)i).tct* x^/IoO^flf' 
?/ TTQog ineit'ov \pev(7UfJLtvoi' iied vfimv Uvul li El fjiev drj dixatu noh 
iJcTOj ov}i olda, diQ/^aofJicu 5' ovv viiug xai aw vfAiv o zi av dtrj 
Ttfiaoiiai.^ Kal ovnott iqei ovdeig ag iyay *'E}Jkrivag ayayoiv ei^ 
tovg ^aQJ^iiQOvg^ noobovg rovg ''EDjp'ug rr;v t(5v ^oLQ^aQoor q^iXlav 
kiXo^iriv. 6. ^yiXlu inei vfxeig ffio) ovx i&eleTe neid'Bad'iu ovdi 
f7ZE(j&ai, iyo) (jvv vfitv tipo/xai x«« o ri av dsrj nuaoiJiaCyiNoiiil^m 
yoLQ vuag ffio] elvai xci^ natQida -au) cpilovg nai av[Jif4d)^ovg, aa). ovv 
Iffuv fjiiv av olfAai elvai ilfiiog onov av c3, vfimv^ S* SQTjfjiog <Sp ovx 
ir laavbg fCirui olfxai ovr av q^fXov <acpeXi]aai^ ovz av i)[O^QOv aki* 
l^'xai^at. 'S2g ifjiov ovv iovtog onri av xal vfiBig ^ovko rr^ yvoi/4r^ 
e;f8Zfi.y7. Tavra tlnev oi di' arQaTimzai ot re aizov iaeivov xou 
01 aiioi ravra dxovaavreg on ov cpaiif Tzaga §aatXea noQEvsc&ai 
htrivfiaavK^ naoa de Sevfov y.a) Uaaimvog nXeiovg ^ Higji^Hioi 
la$6vt£g{ra onla y,a) ta (jnEvocpoQa iazQaronBdevisavto naqa 
KXeifQ^qirf^, KvQog df tovtoig^ ' anoqmv re xa/ XvTiovfievog fjietensft* 
nsTO^^ rov K)JaQxov' 6 8s ihai f/sv ovk i^f^eXey IdO^Qa de rmf 
CTQarKOTav^^ nffJiTKav avrq) ayyeXor sleys ^aoQeiv cog aaTaattjiJO* 
fitv<av TovTG)v^* tig to dtov fiErafzefjiTteadai ^ ixtkevev avx&v' 
avtog d* ovx tqirj uvai. 9. Met a Ss tavra awayayiiv tovg ^' iavroi 
arQatioirag xa) rovg r QogeXd^ovtag alzm xm tmv oXImv^^ tow 
^ovXofievor, sXeiiS rotdde* 

''j4v8()sg (TTQanmrat, ta fih' drj Kvq r 8riXov on ovrco<: lj[gt 
ftqog Tifiag Sgnso ra IfuersQa TTQog ixeivor' ovre yufj ^fJiBig ixsivov 

' § 165. 1. — * Moods which follow i.t^mT^ (§§ 213. 3 : 216. 1 : 214 
Nf. 5) ? — 3 Dqqq ^^,.^f have here its prim, or sec. signif. ? — * Antece- 
fleii^ of ojr ? Why the jren. (See N.) ? — M 198. N. 1. — « Root (1 18 
//.) 7—7 J ,gi -^ _ 8-^ 219. 1. — » J 21€..4. —'° Account for * aaU 
- • Synt.? -• •» Whv the -mperf.? — *> $ 188. 2. — »• 4 Iffl 
N. 2 

LIB. I. CAP. III. 11 

fri 6T(^aricoTaif inu ye oh 6vv£7i6fji€&a arrcp, ovte ixelpog in 
^fup fiicOodoTijg. 10. "Ori (ntyroi adtxeia&ai fOfii^et v(f tfftcov olda* 
^gra xal fiezaTzefiTio^krov uvzov^ ov'a i&bXoa iX&eiy, zo fih fikytazop 
al<Jxvv6fi£tog ozi avvoidu iuavzq} Tzdyza iipevafitvog^ avzov ' eneiza 
^5 'AOi dedtag^ fi/j ),a^m' /if dtAt^v ini&ii av voiiiCti vn ifjiov ijdixT^- 
G&ui, 11. 'E;ao] oZv doxti ov)[ rSga upcu ^fiip* xaOevdetv ovS' aut- 
liEU' ijfiojy^ avrtar, dlh\ f^ovkevsa^^ai, o ti j[q}j ttoihv in zovztdv. 
tiai tag ra ^tevoftev avzov (JABTireoy fioi dontl^ slvai OTzmg aacfa' 
Uazciza fierovficf • tne i^dt, doati dmkvai, OTtrng cog aacpaXtazara' 
amfiev, xai onrng za fnizrfieia eioftev dnv ydq zovzosv ovzs^ 
uzQazrjyov ouzs Jdiwzov o(jpt).og oifdt'v. 12. 'O de avi^g ttoXaov^ fisf 
ahog (ft).og'^''oip q:ilog J, j^aXeTzmzazog ^'^ f ix&Qog'$^ap n(h 
Xtfiiog Tj. ''En 5f divufur ^xti xai 7ZSLt,v ^tti iTZTZixrjr^ ' xai vavzixriv 
^r nivzeg ofiofmg ogmfukv zt y.ul imazdfjit Ja ' xai yoQ ov8s noggm 
doy.oofitv fwi avzov xaO^r^a&ai ' (agia taga Xeyeiv^^ o r«'^ zig 
ytyyoiaxH dgwzov^* tJrai. Tavza itndiv inavaato, 

13. 'Ex dk tovzov dt'iazavzo oi fisv ix zov avzofidzoVf 3lf?or- 
Wtf a lyiyvoaaxov, ol 9f xa) vtt ixelvov iyxsXavazoi, iTiideixpvvreg^^ 
oia eiij fi dnogia drkv z7^g Kvqov yroiuTjg^^ xal (AkVBiv xou dmkvat* 
j 14. Eig ds d^i dns^TigognoiovfUvog (jTieideiv trn zdxusza Tiogsvead'ai 
e«V z);v' EU.dbayaigazriyovg fth' eXead'ai^^ aXXovg dg zdxiGza, ec 
^}j ^oiXsztti KXfagxog dTZtiyctv' za 5* imrtfieia dyogd^ea&ar^'* (ij 
i dyoQatfV iv zcij^ag^agr/.o) azgazeifxazf) xai avaxevd^ead'ai'^' 
iX&opzag ?s Kvgov alzur nXoTay^^ cog dnonXioiBv'^^ idvSi fii^ did^ 
Tavza, Tjyefiova alztiv Kigov ogzig dtd (ptXiag zijg xtigag dnd^ 
l^H. *Edv ds fjirjds ^ysftoru did^y avvzdzrea&ai lijv zayiczriVy ni^JL" 
^(u de x*-' ngoxaraXtjxjjonkvovg^^ rd axga, onmg fjiij (p&damGi^^ 
Hr^re Kvgog iti'izB ol KDuxeg xazaXa^ovreg,^* mv TroXXovg xai 

"' Docs this gen. abs. denote time or cause 7 — * } 76. 2. — 
• M13. //. — * Synt. ? — « § 1^2. — « § 159. N. 1. — ' Compare 
(5' 57 4). — « §224. N. 1. — '§ 190. 2. — *" Why aJraroc and 
r*ot r..*rn<;?— ^' U:U. 1. — »«§:a21. N. 4.— »»§ 71. 2.— ** Com- 
pare — '' S 117.10. — •« 221). 2.— .'^Root? — »»§134. 1.— •»Th.1 
-■s' ■ l(i5 1. — «» 216. 1. a. — ^« Composition? Synt (222. 5).? — 
•'^ Why R'lHjiinrt. (214. 3). ? — '* 222. 4. 


noXXa xi^i^f^ata exoiup avjjQTta'Aotfg, ^ Ovrog^ fih di} roiavza tJna 
\j iiB7a de Tovrov KXiaQ'^og eItzs tocovtov '/ 15. ' Sig fiiv atqatrjy^aovja 

' ''- ifie Tavrijv ttjv CTQaif^yiav fitjdetg v/x^v XsytTO) ' TroV.a yuQ ivoQm 
di a ifiol Tovto ov TTOitjmov ' ^ mg de t^ avdgl^ ov av sXr^oO'8 nei- 
oofxai* y dwajov fidXiOTa, ua eidr^te on aoyea&ai imarafiut 
tog Tig xaJ (OJkog udhata dv&QcoTtojv. ftii, i\h7(: to7 lor lu.log 
dvtaTrj, imdeixvvg fih rt^v evi^&eiav rov to. nXoTa ttiiaiv^ ^eXtvoV' 
togy SgTteQ^ naliv rov ctoXov Kvqov fxtj 770tot\utrov, ijndaixfvg 
9e (og Bvrid^Bgeiq^ rjyeixova ahsh naQU rovrov (•) Xvi4,air6fied^a rt]9 
fiQoi^iv. Ei di 11 'Aai Tqt ^yefiovt^ ntateiffoitEv q>^ ilv Kvgog didi^f 
t/'° amXvet aal ta anQU yfiiv y.eXeveiv A ?(»?;• TZQoaataXafi^dvstv ; 
17. 'Ey&t yuQ 6nvoit]v^^ filv av elg rd nXolu eh^uIveiv a i]iuv doirj, 
fiij ifioig avzaig TuTg tQi/jgeai xuTctdia'dy^^ (po^oifiriv^^ S av r^I 
iffSfiovi.i^ doiti tTiBO&a!, fiij iniag dydyq oO^ev ovx oiov^* ra 
iajou' H^eld'eiv' ^ovXotfir^v ^ av dxovTog dmmv Kvqov Xa&etv 
avjov dneX'd'dv' o ov dvvarov iaiiv. , 18. V/aa tycoys^^ <JPVf** 
tavra fjiev (pXvaqiag thai' doy.ti dt jwot urdgag iX^ovrag ngog 
Kvqov oiriveg^^ iniTi\dtioi gvv KXeaQ^o) iQattav^^ ixeivovy zt'^ ^ov- 
Xstai rifjuv XQfiGd^at ' iav fjiiv Ij TiQcc^ig ij naQanXiiala olanfQ^* 
xa) TiQoa&Ev f'xC^^o roig l^Evoigy^^ tneaO^ai >:a5 jy/uopy xal ^^ 
x«x«ovff** eJvai rmv tzqog'&ev tovzo) avrava§dv70DV'*\19. iar di 

^ fA8i^(ov^^ 7] TTQoihg T^tf TZQoa&iv q^aivtjrai y.a] EnmovdozEQa xm 
imxivoK^'VorfQa, a^ioyv // nEiaavta* fjf^ag ayEiv r/ nEiGVEvta nQog 
(piXiav iupiivai • ovzco yctQ xaJ sTZOfAsroi^^ av (pD.oi avt^ y^ou tzqo- 
^vfioi ETzoifiE&a y,al dmovzEg daqiaXojg av dTzioifiEV o ti f av 
nQog ravra Xiyu^* aTzayyEiXai^^ dtvQO • Tj/xdg 5' axovaavtccg fZQog 
tavza ^ovXsvEa&ai. ' "^0. "^Edo^t ravia, %a\ dv^Qag iXofievoi Gl>f 

» § 149. 1. — ' §§ 162. N. 1 : 200. 2. — ^ 40. 2. Synt ? — < § 118, Jh 

— * § 158. 3. — « § 192. N. 2. — 7 Subj. ?— « Synt. 1— » Why the daL ? 

— *" What does the accent show this to he ?—**§§ 87. N. 2 : 217. 2. 

— »« Why siibjunct. ? — *3 Why optat ? — ** § ICQ, N. 1.— '« « 64 
N. 1. — »^ Decline. — '^ Accus. of thing ? — '» j 357, r, _ i» ^'151 . 
!.— *•§ 198. N. 1. — «* How formed (§ 58. N. 3.)?— " Roor? 
Tense how formed? — *' §209. 1. — *^ Upcn wha't verb dt)ea 
Uiie eubjunct. depend ? — ** § 104. 2. 

> ft> 

LIB. I. CAP. III. 1 : 

KXed^q> ntf€7tovaiv, dt ^goizmv Kvqov ra doiavra z^ aznanx O 
f ccTtSKQivato on a-AOvoi '^^Qoxof^av ^x&QOv uvdoa im 7.j»" 
EvcpQatrj nozaii^ shat, anfxovza doidsxa ara^fiovg' TTQOi; tovzlt 
ovv icp}} ^ovXea&ai il^tiv ' xuv^ fitv, f ixti, rrjv dUr^v tqi] /^/Ju'^ 
im&aipai avzcp, f^v de qp£i7ff, Tjfxeig i-At-T ttqos zavra ^ovXevGOfitd^a 
2 It [/dxomavzeg ds ravza ol aiQetoi^ uvayytklovai totg czQazKo- 
Toug'^ toTg ds vTZOxpta* fxev ^v oti ayei Tzgog BaaiXta, ofxmg dt 
idoxsi^ iTteo&ai, IlQogaiTovai di fiia&ov ' 6 Kvqog vnioxveizai 
flfuoXiov Tzaai doiaeiv ov Tzgozegov icpEQoVy avtl dccQeixov rgia tjfjiida' 
Qeina rov fit^vog^ r^ atQazioirri' ozi de inl ^aaikia ayoi ov8 
ipravd'' ijxovnev ovdsig ev ys tq) q)apeQ^' 


1. 'EvzEvOsp i^elavvEi atad'fiovg dvo noQaao^ag dexa im top 
£aQOP Tzorafiov, ov jjv to evQog tqiu TzXi&Qa, 'Evrevd-ep i^eXavpei 
Gza^/Jiov epa naqaaot^yag ntpre ijzi top IIvQafiop Tzoiafiop, ov to ' 
svQog czddiop. ^EpTtv^cv i^sXavpti ozaO^fiovg dvo nuQaadyyag 
ntpzexaidexa etg 'laaohg, rr^g KiXtxiag iaxdzfjp noXip inl z^ 
^aXdzTTj ol'AOVfjitPiiv/ f^tydXr^p^ 'acu evduifjiova. 2. 'Epzccvd'a, 
ifuivap /jfitQug TQilg ' y.a) Kvno) 7zao7^(jav^ at i'A UeXoTzopp/jaov pTjes 
jQid'AOVTu '/at ntyzt y,at in avzaig ravuQyog^° FIvi^ayoQag ^axe- 
daifAOPiog Hytizo S ccircar" 7\c^iG)g Atyvnziog i^'Ecptaov, l^fcay 
pavg^^ szfQixg Kvqov Tzti'ze xal trAoaiP, aig inoXiOQXEi MiXrjzoPf 
Ota Tiaaucpb^Qptj gc/A// ^ r^y, y.ui (JvvaTToXtfAei^ KvQqi Tzgog avtor* 
3. Jlaoiy* di yua XtiQiGocfog 6 ylaxtdaifionog m\ toot yecop, 
usjaTZtfiTzzog vno Kvqov, intwAoaiovg t^Gyp bnXltag, (op iazQatTJyei, 
naQU KvQc^. Ai de vTjeg^^ ^Qfwvp tzuqu tr^p Kvqov Gxrjptjv, 
EtravOa aoi ol tzuq ^u4^Qoy*6^cc fiiaO^ocpOQOi ^EXXr^veg dnoatdpreg 

' { 139. 3.— « §24. — 3 5 132. i. — ^ ? 129. 3. Th. ? — » Subj 
($ 159. N. 1.) 1 — * Synt. ? — ^ Th. ? — ^ § 55. — » Significations 
xi naodvfYi^n followed by the gen. dat. and accus. ? — '" § 135. N. 1. 
— »* 4 184. 1. — '•* Decline. — '» Why fern. gend. ? — **FoUowcd 
by what case? — " Dialect? 





tjX&ov fiaqa Kvqov leiQa^oaioi onkhai xaj avveaiQaTtvovrt^ iui 

4. 'EvTtvxytv i^tlavrti ffTaOfior t'yu naqaaayyag myre iizl 
nvXug 1?!^' Kihy.ia<s y,ai r^^- ^i^fu;, fJaav ds tavzu dvo TC/jf/;',* 
aai TO fiH' tomO^bv noh rJj^'^ ^vtrreatg el^s vm] Kth'y.ojp 
^ ,ay,f], TC tz(i} TO' 7100 Ti^g 2.v{>ia<; puaf/,b(og n^eyezo qv/.UAt^ 
^v).iirreip, /Ini fitaov ^i' qh rovtcov nozafiog Kt()6og vtcfia%^ 
tvQog nXix^Qov, u4nav de to fitoop tav zeixojy tjaav czcidioi TQSig * TiaQeXOHv ovx l^v^ ^icy i^v yag // TzaQodog aztri] xat t« Tftjfjy 
Eig rijp {ydXaztav na\fi\y.ovza, vnsQ&ev^ d' f^aav nizqai ijXi^aroi' 
bttI ds roig reixsaiv ufjKfoztQOig iqieiaz/jTietjav^ niXaCj^b, TavTtjg 
tn^a Ttig TtaQodov Kvgog rag vavg fiezfTTF/ixpazo,'^ OTZcag OTzXitug 
a7zo^(§daeitp^ eiam aal tjo) zmv nvXmv, x«J ^(aadfievoi zovg tzoXs- 
uiovg TzagtXd^oiEv, ti cpvXdzrotev mi zalg Jlivgiuig TzvXaig, otzeq ^sto 
noifi<5Hv KvQog rov '^^Qoaofiav, t)^ovza tzoXv azgdrevfia. ^A^qo- 
KOfiag di ov rovro moitjaEv, dXX inei ij-AOv^e Kvqov iv KiXixiqi 
nvza,^ di^affZQSxpag in ^omxT^g naga ^aciXta dnriXavvav, e)^<aVf tog 
4Xeyaro, tQidytovza fiVQiddag^^ azgaziag. 

6. 'EvTEvd^ev i^EXawEi dia 2^vQiag ntad^fiov Era naqaadyyoLg 
y:EVTB elg MvgiavdQOv, noXiv oIhov/ie'vtjv vtzo 0omnoiyif inl r^ 
^«?.aTT?y EfinoQWv S t/v to yi^cogiov k«) (oq^ovv avzod^i^^ oXxddeg 
rroXXai, '.'^7, 'Evtavif Efitivav iifiEgag antd ' kol AEviag 6 ^Agxag 
(fTgaTtyyog aai Ilaaiiav 6 MeyagEvg EfA^avrsg^^ Eig nXoiov kcu ta 
nXeiarov aiia iv&e'fiEvoi d7ZEn7.Evaav^^ mg fisv jotg TzXaiatotg idoxovp 
qitiiorifJir^^EvtEg oti zovg atgatimtag avtmv tovg naga KXeoq^op 
aneX&on xg tog dniovrag Etg rrjy 'EXXdda nd7uv xa?. ov ngog ^aciXia 
wa'* Kvgog rov KXiag^ov fj^siv. 'EtzeI ^ ovv T^aav aqpam^/* 
ttJjXd^e Xoyog on Suokoi avrovg Kvgog rgi/jgeai'^^ >cai at flip 

When are nouns of the third declen. contracted ? — ' § 140. ?. 

— » 5 167. — * Subj. ?— 5 § 121. 2. — • §77. N. 2. — ^ Why mid, 
voice? - « Why optat.? — « § 222. 2. - ^^ § 62. 1.— *» § 121. 1 

— ** Root ? — ' ' Why nhv here and jilt in the pres. ? — '* Aug. 'I — • 
' Why ferispon. ? -- •« Rynt. 7 

v.- tS 

. L I B. I. C A p. I V . 15 

ivxofTO ois doXiovg ovzug av7ov<^ Xtjcf&r^ai^ oi f <§xt8iQ0P^ el 
HXdaoivzo,^ \\ 

8. KvQog de avyxaXsoag* rolg aTQaitjyovg ehep' 'AnoXikoi- 
naaiv^ yixag S^eviag xal Ilaamv ' aX)J £v ye fitvioi inujT da^^ma af 
on ovTs d7Tode8()d'/a6tv ' ^ oida ^ag oni] oJiovrai' ovre djionBCfEv- 
yaaiv ' ex(o yuq tqi^qeiq togie iXeiv^ to ixeivoov nXolovX 'AlXa 
ud^ TOvg {TEOvg ovx eymys aviovg dt(6i(Xi' ovSe (qeT ovde)g cog 
iyui tosg fisv av ttuq^^ rig ymuai, ineiduv ds dniivav ^ovXtjtaif 
ovXXa^coi^ xut avTOvg xaxmg noiKi iioi ru ^Qijiiara aTToauXoi^ ; 
Akka iovToav, etoozeg on xwAtovg eiai tteqi ijfjiag rj rjiuig neqi 
fxeivovg. Kairoi t/w ysavtapxal rexva xat yvvcuHag^^ hp TgciX- 
Ksai q)Q0VQdvfieva * dXX' oide tovtcop^^ aTeQt'iGOvzaiy dXX anoXTJipov- 
tai T/jg nQotjd-ev^* tvexa tzeq) hue dQeztig. 9. Kai 6 fut zavza 
elTZEV ' ol 8e EXXrjvEg, et zig x«J dOvuoztQog up nqogtriv avd^aoiv^^ 
ixovovzeg rrjp Kvqov aQEztjp i^diop xal TTQO&vfiozEQOv gvpetioqev* 

Msza ravza KvQog i^eXavvsi (fzaO-fJiovg ziztaqag Tragaadyyaf 
eixoGiP ^nl TOP XdXof nozaftov, opza to Evqog nXi&QOVy nXf^Qij 
S ix&voov fisydXmp x«) TtQatrnv^^ ovg oi Svqoi d^Eovg ivofxi^ov xai 
abixEiv^^ ovx eioov, ovde tag nEQiazEQd^, u4l de xafiai ev cug iaxti* 
• povv^^ riaQVffdtidog^^ i^aav elg^oiprjv dedofievai, /\10, ' Erzev&ev i^s* 
lavifEi (JtaOfiovg nevze nuQaadyyag zQidxopza em rag nriyag rov 
JaQoSaxog nozafiov,^^ ov to evQog itXix^qov* ^Evtav&u ijaav ret 
BeXeavog ^aaiXeia tov2!vQiag^^ do^avzog, xal naqd^Eiaog ni»v fii^ 
yag xal xaXog^ e^mp ndvza oaa^^ otQai q)vov(St, Kvqog d' ahrof 
i^exoxps xal ta ^affiXeia \azexavaEp^ 

11. 'Epzev&ev i^eXavvei aza&fxovg tQEig naqaadyyag neptexai^ 
dexa im tor Evcpodtfjv notafiov, opra ro Evgog reztaQoav atadlmrk • 

' 5 lis. -ri — * Account for * subs. — ' Root ? — * Account for 

Y — « § 99. — • § 118. //. How does $od(a become Modijxw ? — ^§ 220. 
I Rjot ? — ' § 171. N. 1. — 9 5 214. 4. — • ^ 88. 1. — * ' Dif. between 
tial and tlrti ? — ^« § 46. 1. — '^§ 181. 2 :' 206. 3. — «^§ 141. 1. — 

V { 129. 3. — •« 5 56. Decline. — »* 6 158.3. — »» Th. ? — »• § 175.— 
*• Why periitpnm. ? — " Syn^.. ? — '* A pronom. adj. of what kind ' 



xaj TZoXig avtod^i qfxeiro f*eydXrj xai evdaifiojv Oaxpaxog ifofiatl. 

'Eyrav&a efisivar ijiieQai^ TfivTB ' x«J KvQog fiEraTZSfixpdiievog rov^ 

ctqarriyovg rwv 'EXh}v(ov tXsyev on t] odog e(^oiro TiQog ^aatXia 

fityav tig Ba^vXwva ' nal neXevei avrovg Xtyetv lavra toig argati* 
ojTuig y,al avanUOtiv tTiEC&aL il 12. Ot de Tioirjoavreg ixTiXTjdiap 

anIiyytkXov tavra ' ol Se aTqazmrai ixctXenaivov roTg (SiQariiyoXg, 

'ACil eq)acav avrcvg^ naXai ravta eldorag^ KQVTiretv,^ x«* ovx 

tqiaaav levai,^ iuv fjtrj tig avroTg yQi'iixara 8id^,^ (ogntQ xaj toig 

TTQOTtQoig fieta Kvqov dva^uai tiuqcc rov TtazeQU tov KvQoVy xal 

tavia ovx em f*d)^i]v Iovkov^ dXXa 'AaXovvrog tov natQog"^ Kvqov. 

13. Tavra ol arQatrjyol KvQqi dn!iyyM,ov ' 6 S vnidfetf^ dvdQt 

ixadTQ)® doiasiv TZhvre dgyvQiov livag,^ erMv^^ etg Ba^vXoSva 

^xosai, 'Aal r\p uia&ov ivrsX?! f^itxQtg av xaTaan^arj rovg "EXXTjvag 

eig ^Itonav rut**-*. To fisv drj noXviov 'EXXrjvixov ovrmg mEiG'&ri. 

Mivtov 88 TiQiv dljXoy ehai rt Tzoirjaovaiv ol alXoi atQartmiai, 

notEQOV txpovzai KvQcp § or, avrtXt^s to avrov argdrevfta ymgig 

tm aXXiav^^ kou iXE^e. jade.^^ 

14. ''AvdQBgy iav ifiol Tzsiad^rjEf ovzs xivdvvevaavrEg ovje no* 

pi^aavTEg r*-'}^ iVXcop nXtov TTQonfi/jCEa&e arQanoatav vno Kvqov* 

Ti ovv xEXtvoi TtoirjGai ; Nvv dEizai KvQog ETiEci^ai rovg ''EXXtjvag 

im ^aaiXea' iym ovv qjrjfii vfidg XQTi]rai dia^ijvai rov Evq)Qdzij9 

notafiov nQiv d^Xov Ejrai}* o ti ol dXXoi ^EXXr^vEg dnoxQivovvtai 

KvQ(p. >15. ^^Hv fiEv yccQ xprjcpiamviai^ ETtEcd^ai, vfieig doners aU 

tioi Ehai aQ^avtEgrov bia^alvEiv^^ xai mg TiQO&vfiozdtoig ovaiv vfuf 

XdQiv EiaBtat KvQog xai dnoddaEi' (Jnlarazai S strtg xa) dXXog') 

§y ^ anoifjr^q^tacovTai ol dXXoi, dm/iEv fih anavzEg Eig TovfjiTtaXiv 

vfHV S dg fiovotg 7ZEi{^0fiEfqig moiozdzotg yoij^Erai xai Eig q^QovQia 

xal etg Xo^ayiag' xa] dXXov ovrnog av 8t)^i*t oida ozi cog qiikot 

tEVi^ead'e Kvqov ^"^ 16. ^^xovaavzEgravra inEi&ovto xal diE^ijffa^ 

' § 197. 2. — '^ § 144. 1. — ' § 118. E. — * §§ 96. 2. Accus. of 
pers. following this verb '?■—«§ 158. 2.— « Why subjunct. 1 — ^ What 
does this gen. abs. denot6?-^ « § 118. y. ^ » § 140. N. 7. — *»Why 
circumflexed (§ 32) ? — ** Composition ? — *» Synt. ? — - '• 5 7P 
- '* $ 220. 2.— "^§ 134. Th. ? — '• « 221. — 'M 178 8. 

^IB. I. CAP. T. 17 

1 •'. ' 

WQtv tovg uXXovg aTtoxQivaad'ai. KvQog S inBi^a&Bto^ dut^e^r^" 
Korag,^ ^a&rj^ re nal T<p aigatevfjiari Tzefixpag Flovv dniv • 'fiyw ^Jy, 
& avSgeg, ffiri vfiag Inaivm ' onaog da xai vfjieig ifie inaiviaBte ifiol 
lUkr^cBij* ri firjxiri fie Kvqov vouI^ztb, 17. 01 fiiP drj atQatimrai if 
iXmc^ fieydlaig ovzeg ev^ovto avtov eiftvxl(Jcci ' Mtvmvi ds xai 
dmga iksysTO ntfixpai fieyaXoTTQETzmg. Taxna di noir^cag du^aive ' 
ovfeiTieTO di xal to alXo CTQaievfia avj^ anav ' xai t^v dia^ai* 
vorttov^ toy notaiiov ovdsig f^Qsx^rj avmrfQco^ todv fjiaad'^if^ vno tov 
Tiorafiov.'. 18. Oi ds Oaxpaxt^voi tkeyov on oi ndnoxl^^ ovtog^^ 6 
norafiog dta^arog^ * ytv6iro Tte^^ tlfir^ tots, alka nXoioig a rots *A' 
^Qoxofjiag nQoi'mv^^ aatsxavaev, iva firi KvQog dta^'^, 'Edoxei* dr^ &eiof 
eJvai xal aaq:mg vnoxoDQJjffai rov Tiorafiov KvQqfi wg ^aaiXsvaovn, 
tV 19. 'EvTBvd^ev il^tXavvsi dice Tfjg JLvQiag cra&fjiovg iwia na^ 
Qaadyyccg Trevrr^xovta, xai aqjixvovvtai TZQog tov ^Aqal^riv norafAOv, 
'EpTav&a riGOLv x^ijioli nolXcti iiBaicti airov xa\ oivov. ^Evruv&a 
inBivav rjfABQag rgeig xal inBijmffapto.^^ 

CAP. V. 

1. ^EvTfv&sp i^Blavrti diu tlqg ^udqa^iag tov EvqiQoitfjv notafiov 
iv dB%ia Bifov Gta&fiovg SQi^fiovg nivte naQacayyag tQidxovta xai 
fiirre. *Ev tovt^ de r^ tOTrqt r/v fjuv ^ yJj TZBdiov dnav ofJiaXof 
mgnBQ d'dXatta, dxpip&lop ds nXrjgeg'^* ei de ti xou uXXo iprjvvXtjg tj^ 
xoiXd^Vf dnapTa ^<7av evrndfj mgneQ OQoiftata ' Stvdgov tf oidsv iviji^, ' 
2. QriQia ds navtoTa,^^ nXsT^toi fiiv ovoi dwiot, ovx oXiyai^^ de 
irtQOvd'ol at lABydXai ' ivrj^av $k 5<«J (atiSsg xa doQxdSeg ' zavta 
9i ta i^yQid ol inneig iviote fdiooxov.^^ Kal ol fiev ovoi, inei tig 
duixoh ngodgufjiovtBg^^ av ?GTaaav'^^ noXv yag toiviTZTzmv {^dttof 
itQBXov' xal TtdXiv btzbi nXTjaid^oi^^ 6 innog tavtov inoiow,'*^ 
xai aim ^ Xa^eTv, bI firj diaatdvtBg ol InnBlg {^tjg^Bv^^ dictdBxofievot 

' Account for » subs. — * § 222. 2. .— » Root ? — * Subj. ? — 
» How formed ? — « §§ 140. 3 : 177. 1. — M 125. N. 2.— » § 186. 1. — 
» §5 25 : 14. 2. Composition? — '" §140.5.— »• § 132. 1. — 
'« 82. — ^» Th. ? — '* Decline. — '« Why propen'spom. (§§ 130 
21 j ? — »• § 58. N. 3. — ^^ What does this imperf. denote ? — " 5 118 
T, — »• 66209.N 4: 213. N. 3. — «" Th. ? — «M 210. N. 2.-* 
»«}37. N 2. 



Toh* tnnoi^.^ Ta de xQta tojv dhaxofisvMv^ ^y naQanXrima t€i% 
D.acfsiot^, a7iaX(6t€()u de \\ 3. ^7qovOov de ovdtig tXct^ev ' ol di 
dtoi^avteg t^v Inntoov^ ta^v iTzavovro ' noXv yuQ untGTtaTO qtev* 
yovaa, toTg fiev tzooI 5^o/ifji, raTg de TirtQv^ip* UQaaUf^ agTzeg iariq 
XQCoiJiepi], Tug de dridug av rtg layy aviar^, eari Xafi8df>up 
neiovtai^ yocQ ^QU^v, KtgntQ ntQdtneg, xal rayv anayoqevovaL Ta 
6e KQea ccvrmv ijdiara l^r, 

4. IIoQEvofievoi de diu raitr^g Tf^g yi(OQag acfmvovvtai em roj' 
Maay.av TzozafioVf to evQog nXe{^QtaTovJ 'Evravd'a 7^v noXig 
^QhMy f^^yf^Xrjy ovofia^ de aviti KoQaourt] ' neQteQoeiTO^ de avrri vno 
tov Mad'AU hv'aXo^, ^Evraviya tfiurav fjfieQag TQeig xal ineoiriaaf- 
To.^" b/Eviev&tv iieXavrei GTaOfiOtg eg/^fiovg tQsTg xal dexanuQa- 
cuyyug erev^xovia tov Eiq^nuTr^v notafiov h deha e^oyv, xai aqpi- 
TtvEitui em niXagt 'Ev rovroig rolg ataOfioTg ttoXXu rcoy imotvylfot 
andXeto^^ vno Xifiov' ov yuQ J^v y^oQtog aide aXXo oidev derdQOV, 
aXXa xpiXtj ijv anaca^^ tj x^Q^' o« ^* ivotaovvteg ovovg aXitoi 
naqa tov nozafiov OQvttovttg x«! noiovvttg elg Ba^vXmva t/yof 
Hal endXovv xat avrayoQal^ovzeg oltov t^oov.?- 6. To de ctQaievfta 
6 alrog eneXme^ y,a) nQiuxjiyai avx Ijv el firj iv ty jivdin ayoQo}^ h 
T(j> KvQOv ^UQ§a(fix(i)y tt]v xuTTi^r^v^ dXev()(ov ^ aXq^itmv tettuQosif 
myXmv'^* 6 de aiyXog dn utcu^'' mtd o^oXovg xou rmip^oXiov ^At- 
nxovg' 1} de xanid^rj dvo y^olvmag^ Attixdg eyimQei, Kqea ov$ 
ia&iovteg ol ctQatimtai dieyiyvovto. 7. IIv de toitcov tojv eta- 
^fimv^ ovg Tidvv fiaxQovg f^Xuvrtv, onotB 7] ngog vdmQ^^ ^ovXotto 
didteXtuai i] TiQog /fP.or. /\u( d/j Trots atevo^mQiag^^ xa\ nriXov 
^avivtog tatg ctfidl^atg dvgTzoQeitov^^ imatt] 6 KvQogavv toig fteQi 
avibv dQiGtoig xai evdatfioveatdtoig xdi tza^e^^ D.ovv xai Hi 

' Synt. ? — « Signif. of perf. act (§ 205. N. 2.) ? — * § 177. N. 
1. — * Norn, how formed ? — ® § 104. N. 5. — ' Dep. pass, or dep. 
mid.? — ^ § 131. 1. — M§ 157. N. 10: 160. 2. — • §§82. R : 13. 
— '• Why Mid. voice? — '» Root ? Log. Subj. ?—»»§§ 53. N. 
2 : 10. 2 : 12. 5.--'8 Why perispom. ? — ^^ 190. 1.— ^^ ^ 2O8. N. 1. 
— »* Th. ? — ^M 46. 1. — '* Compopidon ? — '» § 132. 1.— "'^ Tense- 
root ? 

LIB. I. CAP. V. 19 

^^i^ta ).a^6vTag tov ^aQ^ccQixov aTQUTOv' avve^A^i^d^eiv^ tag oftd^ttg 

8. Ent) ds idoxovv avzo) aioXai(og nottiiv c^gnfQ oQyfi fxtlEvoB 

zohg TisQi aviov Ut-Qaag rovg xQazi^zovg cvfBnianEVGai rag a- 

ua4ag.. / "Evd-a dtj fUQog rt^ j^Jt; jEvxa^iag l^v {^sdaaa&ai. ^ Pixpav- 

ttg* yoLQ rovg TiOQqivgovg xdrivg'^ onov ervj^ev tauarog eazr^xmg* 

ttrro ^gTZiQ dv dQUfjioi rig tteqI tix/jg, xaj fjidXa yiatd TtQavovg 

y{\oCf.0Vf horzeg rovtovg re rovg TioXvreleig j^ir^vag xaJ rag 

"^litmiiuiag av'aivQidag, tvioi bl x«J aiQenrovg tieqI roTg rQupjXoig 

Mfil xfftXXia TTegl ruTg x^Qciv ' tv^vg bl avv rovrotg elgnr^d/iaavreg 

elg rov ntiXov {^urrov^ 5 ^^ ^'^* "*' fp^^o fiereoigovg s^t'AOfiiaav rug 

dfid^agTt 9. To ds av^nav dialog t^v Kvgog anevdmv ndaav rr^v odov^ 

xai oh diarot^ap onov iii] imairiafiov tvena fj rivog dXXov dvay-* 

xaiov ixai^t^ero, vofiiXcor, o<S(g fxiv av &drrov sX^ot, roaovrcp 

anaQdaiiivaarorsQcp^ ^aatXeX fiaxec&at, oacp de (y;fo^aeoT€^oy, ro* 

ifovTcp TiXtov avvayeiQeaf^ai ^amXei arQarevfia. /f Kal mvideTv S ?ip 

tcp Trgogt^ovTi^^ rov vovv t] ^aciXt'tog uQ^fj 7iXi^&ei^^ nlv x^Q^^ ^"* 

avd'Qfaniov laxvgd ova a, roTg di {ii^xsiji rmv od^v xal r^ dieanda^^ai^* 

rag dwdueig da&i-vtig, si rtg dia raxtcov rov noXefiov TTomro 

10. IleQav de rov Evcfqdrov norafiov^^ aard rovg tgi^fjiovg 

jrad'fiovg 7jv noXtg tvbaifiav xal fieydXr], ovofia Si XuQfidvdfj, 

'Ex ravzrjg ol aiQaricJzai fjyoQal^ov^* rd iTtirrfieia, GxMaig 

bia^aivovreg mSe. JicpO^tQug ag eIxov axBTtdaiiara^^ f.TzifiTiXaaap^^ 
XOQTOV^^ xovcpovy tlra (jvviiyov aai cvvtaTZoav, mg fifj anrea&ai z^g 

%dQq)f]g^^ rb vdrng,^^ ^En\ rovrmv die^aivov xal iXdfJt^avov rd int* 

r.jdsimc, ohov re fx rlig ^aXdvov mnoiiniivov^^ r7ig dno zov cpoi' 

nxog^^ xal alzov fjiaXtvrjg '^^ rovzo yuQ r/v h z^ x^Q^ TzXtlazov, 

1 1. ^/4uQpiXel^dvztov dt ri ivzavx^a rojv re rov Mivfovog atQa 

iicozojf xai Tcwy rov KXtuQX^v, 6 KXtuQxog xqivag ddixeiv rbv^^ rov 

» § 178. ].— =§96. 1. Force oC avv and ^x in this word? — 
* 5 22 3. — * * 4. 2. — ^ Why not perispom. in accus. plur. like 
h'&w; (43. I.) ? — 8 § 222. 4. — ^ §§ 6. N. (2) : 124. 2. Compare. — 
'^ J 167. — » Th. ? — •« § 140. 3. — " § 197. 2.—'= § 221.— »» f§ 188. 2 : 
121. (3.) — '* Th. ? § 134. 1. — >« § 129. 4. — '^ § 118. i7. — ^^ j ^^^ 
2. — *' § 179. 1. — *' Why does v take the rough breathing? — 
*" Account for ij in the ante pen. " — =* Norn, how formed ? — ^' Whai 
'elation iloe» this gen. denotf* *? — '^ i 140. 4. 

20 E X P E D 1 r 1 O C Y R I . 

A7fVoo»'tv nXrja^' fvs^aXfV 6* ^ e)Mojv nQog zolavrov arQUTEVfia 
fXsyer ' axovaca reg S oi CTQatmrai i']ii^a7.bnatrov vau woyli^ovter 
lajiyQWii Tfo KXmQyqp, 12. Tf S ainlij f)f^tQn KXtagyog f A^cwy em 
rijv dui^nati'^ ro?' Tzoiufiov y.n) ixH xaraoy.exf^'dfitrog Tr^v ayogap 
aqiTXTievH* in) ti^v avrov axr^vffV diu tov Mtrmrog ar^aTevfiarog 
<jvv ohyotg roTg neqi avtov ' {^KvQog ^ ovTzm r^K€v, aV! sti TtQog" 
i/A,jct'*€*) z^v 8f Mtt'(otog aTQaTKaToJv ^v).a (J/ZCwy ti^ tog tide rop 
KXiuQyov dib).avvovra, h'^6i r^ diivij. Kai ovrog fiiv avrdv^ ^• 
/jtaQTEv,^ a).kog di Xi'&ct} xai uU.ogy aha noXXo), iiQavyr^g yevofdtvijgj 
13. '0 de yiatacpevysi tig to iavrov crQatevfiaj xai ev'&vg na- 
Qayytllei sig tu onXa ' hoi tovg fisv 67z).iTag avrov iaeXevat 
fxsivai^ tag dcmdag TZQog rd yovata^ -Oivtag ' avrog de Xa^mf 
Tovg 0Qaxag tovg inn tag oi fjaav avt^ iv tq5 GTgarev/iart 
n),siovg^° i] TetTaQaxorza, tovroov ^ ol nXsTazoi Ogaxeg, t^),awef 
fm tovg Mtvoovog,^^ oogte ixelvovg exnen).?jx^<^f'^^ ^^^ ait op Me- 
fODva, 7(a\ tQtjeiv in) td on).a, Ot ds xaJ tataaav^^ inoQOvvtig 
T(p ngdyfiatL 14. 'O Se ITQo^erog, ttvy^e. ydq vatBQog ngogtmv^* 
aa) tdhg avt^ inofiivt] tmv onXnm'y ev-&vg ovv sig to fitaov dfi- 
qiOtigoov dymv t&eto td onXa, koi ideito tov KXeoqj^ov fii^ noielv 
tcwta, '0 ds iya7Jnan'sv oti avtov 6),lyov dsi^aavtog xaraXcv- 
(sd^ljyai^^ nQfimg Xiyoi to avtov nd'&og ' ixeXsvs te avtov ix tow 
fisaov i^i(Ttaad^au^^ 15. 'Ev tovtcp k*s inijsi xaJ KvQog xaJ inv- 
4yeto^^ to TiQciyfjia, svd^vgl^ sXa^s tdnaltd sig rdg ysTgag xat cvr 
rotg naqovGi^^ tmv niatav^^ fjusv iXavvtav sig to fisaov, xai Xiysi 
rdde,'^, 16. KXsaqys xa) IlQo^srs na) oid7.Xoi ol naqovtsg EUit^vsg^ 
ovH tazs^^ o ti noislrs. El ydg ttva^^ dXXrikoig [idxr^v awonpstf. 
vofJii^ete iv tfids tij r^f^'SQa i^s ts ycatansHoxpsa&ai^^ xaJ vfdos ov 

* § 142. 1. -^ ' Th. ? — 3 ^vhat do verbal nouns ending in (tk 
denote ? — «i 209. N. 1. — « § 180. 1. — « Root ? — ^ What does this 
gen. abs. denote ? — * Why properispom, ? — • § 46. 1. — *" Com- 
pare and decliiie. — '* Relation denoted ? — *" How is n).tia0 
formed from nXay (§118. 77)? Account for / in the penult. — 
-" Whytheimperf. ? — " §222.4. — '^ gy^t^ ^ _ *" Rooll — 
•^ What is this part.=to ?— '^ § 177. N. 1. — *» § 118. E. N. 1. — 
*• Why not accented ? — «» § 211. N. 3. 


mokir ifuov varegop* aaxmg yuQ tmv TjfieieQmp ijpvtoiv narreg 
(ntoi ovg OQcitE ^dg^ugoi noXefiioitEQQi Tjfiiv iaovzai tmv^ naqa ^a» 
ai}^i ovTODv, 17. *u4xovaag ravra 6 KliaQ^og iv iavt^ iytvero • 
Hcu navaaiiEvoi^ aficpotegoi xara xoigav e&evto ra onXa, 


1. *£vtevd^ev ngolovtaiv^ iq)aiveto* I'juvia Inncav xai xohqo^ 
nxd^ero is elvai 6 cri^og mg Hig^ikitov^ ititkov,^ Ovtoi Tzgoiorte^ 
Ihouov xaJ yiXav aal et ii aXXo /^^(T/ftoy ^y. 'OQOprrjg ds IlsQaifg 
ivflQi yivei^ re ngogr^xoov ^aciXu xat ta jioXsfuy.aJ Xeyofievog if 
Toit agiazoig Tlegooip^ im^ovX^vH KvQ(p aal nQoax^Bv noXsfAijaocg, 
2. KataV.ayeig de ovtog KvQcp tinsv, it avr^ doiif inniag yjXi' 
ovg, ou roug TtgoxazanaiovTug inniag ^ xaraKairoi av indgevaag 
§ ^^vrag noXXovg avrmv tXoi aai xcaPaW/t^^ rov yiaietv^^ iniovtag, 
Kcu noiiqaeiev mgje fiJ^nore dvvao&ai air ovg idovzag^' to Kvqov 
atQcijevfia ^aaiku diayyeV^au T({i de -KvQop axovaavn tavta iSO' 
x€t (ocpeXifjia^^ eivai' xal ixsXevaev avzov Xafi^dveiv iiiqtg rrctQ 

aHUtstov t^v rjye^6v(ov. 

3. * de ' OQovzijg vofiiaag hoifiovg avxqy elvai rovg inniag 
YQacpei imaroXijv naga ^aotXia on ij^oi sxoav inniag mg av Ww- 
tatnXeiffTOvg' dXXa cpQatjat^* toTg iavtov innevciv^^ ixiXevsv <oi 
qfiXiov avjov vnodi)^ea&ai, 'Evrjv d* iv r^ intaroXI^ xa) r^g ngo^ 
cr^ff" qtiXiag vnofJivr^fAara xal maTeoag. Tavrtjv t/jv imazoXijp 
didcjai ntaz^ drdQt tog (pezo* 6 ds Xa^wv KvQq^ deixvvaiv. 4, 
*Avayvovg^'' de avzr^v 6 KvQog avXXufi^drsi^^ 'OoovTr^Vy nal avyxa- 
XeV Big riiv eavzov <tx/;»7/i' lleQouv rovg aqiazovg rav neg] airop 
hzxd ' xa« Tovg zo5y 'EXXrivoar (SZQaTrjyovg ixiXeviv onXizag ayayelvj^ 
lovzovg da S^ia&ai ra on7.a nsQt riiv avzov cxijvr^v, Oi de ravza 

» SynL ? — « Why mid. voice ? — ' § 27. N. 1. — * Wliy 
» ng. ? — 'M 60. N. 4. — « § 197. 2. — ^ Deriv. ? Synt. ?— » ? 177 
i.— *«216.3. — *''587.N.3. — "§§ 221 : 180.2. — >«§ 118 
f. — " § 131. 4. — " Root ? — *» Why propeiispom. ?— »• } 141 
l. — -^ ^ 118. r . 36. i :Q. 5. — '-• § 12. 3. — '» § 12. 2.— 


inoirjaav, ayuYovTS^* «!,• TQi^'x'^.iovg onXiTu^^ 5. KleaQ^ov di hoi 
eiaco TzaQexdXeae gvia^ovIov, og yt x«J avrc^ xa/ toTg aXXoig iddxsi 
TTQOtifitiO^r^vai fidhata rojv ^EXkt\vcor. 'Enti S l^ir^)Mtv^ i^tjyysiks 
TOig q)iXoig triv xgiaiv rov ^Oqoptov^ cag iytrsTO ' ov yuQ anoQ^r^TOV* 
7;v. *'Eq)Ti df KvQOv aQyeiP rov ).6yov^ ads ' ' 

6. UaQexdXt-aa vfiug, dvdQeg q:iloi, ontag 6vv vfuv lioi/ero- 
fispog, ti drxaiov ion xat irgog 'Omr xa) TTQog dp&Q(6noot', T0vt9 
ngd^Q}^ TieQi 'Oqovtov tovtovL* Tovtov yuQ 7iq^to%\ fxev 6 ifiog 
. natiiQ sd(aiiev vni['AOOV ifjiol elrai.° ^Enti de taidtig, cog icpij avrog^ 
V7Z0 rov sf^ov ddeXqtqv o^rog iTToXtfir^fftv ifio\ k/^cov rr^v iv 2^dQd&- 
aiv uxQOTtoXiv, aai iym avrov nqognoXeum' fnodiaa <Sgrt do^di 
7o{r(p 70V TTQog ifie noXtfiov^ navaaoO^ai^ de^iav iXa^ov xat 
idoixa, 7. Meta ravja, sq}ij, c3 'OQOvza/ eanv o z/^ ae ridixr^aa ;® 
'0 de oiTiSHQii'aTO, ort*° ov. Hdhv ds 6 KvQog riQtata' Olfxovv^^ 
vazEQOv, (og avzog ov ofioXoyETg, ovdsv in euov ddixovfierog dnoGrag 
eig Mvaovg awAmg inotsig^^ tijv ifirjv ycoQav o ri idvrm ;^^ '^Ecprj o 
^OQOvzrjg' Ovy.ovr, Irprj 6 KvQogf hnoz av tyrcog^* ttjv aeavrov .-J 
dirafnv, i}.\)(xjv tnl tor rijg ^^Qztfitdog ^oafiov fitrcqitXEiv ri aot i 
«qp/;(T^«^^ xiii Tzdadg fjif, mar a ndXiv sdcandg fioi itai iXat^Bg naq 
ifjiov; Kal ravd^^^ tofxoXoyEi 6 'OQovrr^g.V 8. Ti ovv, fcpij 6 Kvgog', 
adMrj&Etg vn ifiov vvv to TQirov em^ovXevcov^^ fioi cpapsgog yeyo- 
pag ; Elmrrog 8s tov'Oqovtov on ovdsv ddixr^{^Eigy^^ i)Qoitr^<stw^* '• 
KvQog avtov '' OfioXoysig ovv tibqi sfis ddixog^° yEyevtjtJ&ai ;''HyaQ 
avdyxtj, iqtri 6 'OgovTr^g. 'Ex tovtov ndhv TjQ^zrjaev 6 Kvqo^' 
"Eti ovv av yivoto rco ffi^ dd€7,q(p 7to)J^togt efioi ds xa) cpiXog xai 
marog ; '0 8e dnexQivaro on ovd' el yeroifit^v, o5 Kvqe, aoi y m 
iTi noTf d6iai[(i. / 

9. TTQog Tavia 6 Kvqo; eItib Toig naqovaiv * *0 fiev dvriQ TOh 
avra fiiv Trenoii^xe, TOiavra 8l )Jy£f lumv ds air TTQmm^, m 

' ? 132. 1. — M 184. 1. — » § 214. 1. — * § 70. N. 2. — 
§ 219. 2. — « § Svnt;? — *^ 5 31. (4.) — « Why o r. and not or* t 
Synt. (§ 167) ? — » Th. ?— ^° ? 228. 2. — ^' § 15. 4. — '» J 165. N. 
2. — »8 § 1 17. N. 3. — '* § 117.1. What c. v. 5s dropped (§ 85 \ ? 
— " § 84. N. 6. — '« Account for &. — *^ 222. 2. — •» « 222. 1 * 
»» Accua of thing following this verb ?—»<»§ 161. 1. 

LIB. I. CAP. VII. 23 

rtbs Xv^i^ovltv(xi iym Joy uiSqu rolrov^ i-Ajzof^wv^ ttoieToO'M 

iii; id'/^KTTU, cos* fitjxtTi^dtr; tovtov cfv/MrrtcsOca, lillu (^'/oVtm Ijfut 
ro Kara tovtov ehoS^ rohg sOt/.ovru^' (y/P.oiv roi'rotv ^2 noisTr, 
lU- TuvTTi 8f tJi yrdfiri tqr^ -au) rovg uV-i^eg nQogOtax^ca. Merit 
wavta 'AeXeiovrog Kvqov thc^oino r\^ Lcavr^g* rov '0()6vrr^r im 
^ardrfiyj aTtarrst; draarurre^ x«/ oi avyYeru^ '^ tlra de fS^yof 
avror oi^* nQO<israyOr^. ^Knt) de tldov uvro> dneQ nQoaO^ev 
9rQO»;exvvovr, xui rozE TTQO^'f.xvrr^aav,^ xainsQ tldoreg on inl ^a- 
faz'ji ayoiro.^ 1 1. ^Enti dt elg zJ/y '^Qrandrov axrjvriv ehr^vtx^^tj 
rov TiKJzordzov rar Kvqov aar^ntoixo))',^ ^ina ravra ovre ^avra 
'Ogovrt^r ovze reOi'rjxota^ ovSug tldt Ttoinozf:, ovS onayg UTZt&avEf 
ovdeig eidag tXeyev* etxa^or ^ d).loi alXoDg' rdqtog S ovde\ 
ntinore avzov iqidvri. 


1. 'Evrtv^Bv i^eXavvet diu rrjg Ba^vXoaviag tnad-fiovg tqeps 

maQOffdyyaq d'^idsxa, 'Ev de tt^) rQirc^ cra&fi^ KvQog i^iraaif 

U-^ouStof. Tw 'E)Ji.f^iav x«J r^v ^uQ^aQosp ir tq) Tzediqp negt /licag 

['> HfccTflcff •*** idoxei yao tig rtfV imovaav fou Trjiuv ^aadsa avp j^ 

artvfiari (laj^ovfievor ' ' ' -aui ixt).sve KXioQyov iilv rov Seiioi 


Ki'Qrp Titol tlig ^uaOJiog arQurtug, KvQog de ovynaXtaag^* rovg 

aTQUTijyovg xal Xo)iayovg rosv ' E),),f'jvo)v cvpe^ovXevero^^ re n&g 

ip TifV fui//]r notolzOy aai avzog naQijvei^^ d'ao/wvoDV roidds. 3. 

i2 upSQig^EkXiiVeg, oix avxygoinoav^^ dnoQwv ^UQ^dgmv avfifidj^ovg 

' 5 140. 5. — 2 5 124. \. — » 5 221. N. 3. — < § 179. 2. — « Account 
»0T y III the antepen. — * Th. ? — ^ § 216. 3. — ® Why paroaytonel 
• f lis. a — '• Noni. how Ibrmed ? — " § 222.5. — '« §42. N. 3. — 
*■ Syni. ? — ** Why t in tlie pen. contrary to gen. rule (§ 95.^ 1 
— *' Why two accents ? — '• Account for the * subi. 


■• . 'I • . 

*fia^ aym, aXXa rofii^mv afjtelvorai; 'AoiTiQtiTtovg no}jMv ^aqHaQmf 

ifiug thaiy diu tovro nqogiXa^oy. '*'On(xig olv totcOt^ Slv^qz; 

a^ioi. 7^4,' flevd-eQiag'^ t^g ^ y.tArrjaOt y,ai inlq yg vfioig iym svdcU' 

liovi^G).^ El yuQ tart on tt/v iltvd^tQiav^ sXoiiaiiv av avrl odf 

eXf^ ndvzcov xaJ aHccif noXkanXaoioiv, 4. ''On cog ds xal eld^tt 

tig olov^ eg^aa^e aymva, iyoj vfiug eldmg didd^(o. To fxiv yaq 

nX7^&og noXv xai xgavyy^ TioXX'fi imaaiv • av da tavza avdo^rjad^e, ra 

aXXa^ zai aiaxvreoOai fAOi doxa oiovg i^fiiv yvdoeo'&e lovg iv zj 

X^Qfj^ ovzag av&Qoinovg. ' Tfimv 8s dvdQmv^ ovicov xal evtoXfitov 

yevofiBvmVy iyod vfitav^ tov fiev oi'xade ^ovXofiavov dniivai Toig 

01X01 ** ^i]X(ot6v noifiGta aTieX^eiv' noXXovg 5* olfiai noi^cBiv ra** 

nuQ ffiot iXead^ai dvti z^v oixoi, 

5. 'Evtatf&a FavXiziig nagav qivyag 2!dfiiog, TTiarog di KvQ(p, 

tin a • Kal fiijv, c5 KvQSf Xsyovai tiveg on TioXXa vmoxv^ vvv Sm 

to iv roiovtcp ehai tov mvdvvov nqogiovzog ' dv ^ tv yeyfjiai ti, • 

ov fi€fitfija{yai^^ gs^^ qamv ' ivioi dspi^ ai (laiivi^o^^ ta xou ^ovXoio 

dvvaad'ai av dnodovvai oaa^^ vniaxv'^*^ 6. ^Axoiaag ravra iXt i 

Jcf 6 KvQog • !/^AA' san fisv rjfuv, « avdgag, rj dQXfJ h ^OLZQC^a '■; 

ngog fiav iiaarni^Qiav f^axQi^g ov^^ 8ia aavfia ov divavrai oIkhp 

ivd-QCDTioi * ngog ds agxtov fiaxgig ov did ;f€i/i(iSya ' xd f i» i 

usatp TovroDV anavta cargansvovaiv ol tov ifiov ddeX(pov q)iXou 

7, "^Hv If ijfiaig nxi^aaifiav, rjfidg dat Tovg rifiarsgovg qjiXovg tovrmp 

fykgdiatg' Tioirjaai, ''^grs ov tovto dsdoixa^^ fit] *^ ovx fjcm o ti 

dm ixdorcp toov q)iXojv, dv av ysvrirai,^^ dXXd firj ovx «;jf« hcavovg 

oig da, 'Tfiojv ds rav 'EXXr^pcov xal atscpavov sxdazcp xqvcov* 

ddaoi. 8. 01 ds Tama axovcavzag avToi ts 7^aav ttoXv nQoOvfJuO" 

tagoi ^ai ToTg dXXotg i^tlyyaXXov. Elgyaaav ds nag aJroy oits 

azgaTTiyoi xal Tmv aXXoov *EXXi^vg)v Tivsg^^^ a^iovvrag eiSivai ri 

» ii ii ^ 1 < ■ ' f 

•§213.N. 5.— H190. 2. ^^Synl.? — < Th.1 — » § 12a — 
Pronom. adj. of wfiat kind 1 — M 167. — » § 40. N. 3. (2). — 
• § 177. N. 1. — 1° § 121. N. 1. -~ ^' 140. N. 5. — »« Would this 
word have received two accents had it been paroxytoru ? — 
*• § 2?. N. 2. — " Account for the * subs. — >« § 150. 5. — »• § 194. 
— '^ J 98. N. 3. — »« § 224. 5.— »» J 157. N. 8. (!). — •• Why doat 
UUB BRrlitic retain its accent ? 

MB. I. CAP. V,IL / 

■ -'/ ■■ ■■ .■ '■■..;'■'■ 

^iftniv licrrai, iay xQiert'jaciaiv. ' O da eimiirXag andfrtav tiiv yvoifiijp 
anfnt^TtE. 9. IlaQSHeXevopro 5' ai'Tq) navteg oaoineQ dieXsyovro 

jovKii K),t(i(t'/og (adh Tzcag f^QBTo Ki'Qov • Out yaQaoi lAaieiai^aij m 
Ki'Q€, rov ddt).qop ; Ntj^ ziC, ccptj 6 K7(}ogy iineo ye /JuQsiov x«J 
riaQvadridog iatt ncug^ ifiog de dds).q:hgy oix d^axei ravza iym 

10. 'EvzavOa drj ir ly H^onXiala UQi&fAog^ iytvsro rear fiit 
Ellijrmy uiTTitg iivQiU hu\ reTQnxomu * TreXraaTai de dtg)[ihoi 
xal nevia'Aonioi ' rmv di (leru Kvqov ^uq^uq^v deaa fiv- 
Qiddfg xal uQfjiara dQenavijcfOQa uficfi ra £^xo(T^ 11. Tmv da 
noXefU(av i)Jyovro dvai ixuTov srAoai juvQiddeg xai agfiata 
dQeTiavr^cpoQa dtaxoata, "AlXoi ds ijfTav iSaxigj^iXwi inneig^ cop 
/^QTaytntjr^g t^QX^f^ ' ovzoi ds ttqo avzov ^aaih'oag terayfievoi rjaav. 
12. Tov ds [iaaiXtiag azQazeiffiurog T^aav UQyovztg xai atgatt^yoi 
xai ^ysfAovsg thtfCQsg, rQidxovza fivQiddrnv txaarog, '^^Qoxofiog, 
TujffaqitQrr^gj Fm^Qvag, ^^Q^dar^g, Tovroov ds TtUQsyivovzo sv rj 
^idyri iyvsvfjxovza fivgiddsg xa\ uQfiuta dQi7iarqq:6Q(c ixarov xai 
ntvzti'AOvza' 'y4^QOx6{jiag ydg vozsqijgs TJjg fldxr^g^ ijfJLSQag mrze^ 
in ^^oirixT^g ilavvan'* 13. Tavta ds JiyytXXov ngog Kvqov oi 
avtofjtokr^aapzeg sk j^v noksfiitav naqu. fji€yd),ov ^uaiXtcog ttqo Tijg 
ud^tje ' xai fista ri^v [id/j^, oi vazegov iXijqiOr^oav rav noXefiimv^ 
tavza tjyysD.ov. 14. 'EvzsvOsy ds Kvgog s^slavvsi cza&nov ifa 
nagaudyyag Tgsig cvvzsrayfitvcp zci) argoLTsifiazi^ Tzavrl xal rf 
E),krjvix^ xai t^ ^ag^aoix^' (^ezo^ yagravzri rrj 7ifAega fiaj^siad'cu 
SaaiXta* xuzayag fiiaov tov CTaOfAov tovtov idcpgog Ijv ogvxzij* 
^a{^Ha^ zq fiiP , svgog ogyvtal nsvzs, to ds ^dxhog ogyvial rgsig, 
15. Ildgitszazo'^ ds ij idcpgog dvia dux. zov nsdiov in\ doidaxa Tzaga* 
(sayyag fJisj[Qi tov M/^di'ug reixovg, ''Evd^a dr^ siaiv at dirngv^egf 
ano tov Tiygijiog Tzotafiov gsovaai '^ sial^ ds tsttagsg, to fisp «v- 

/ » Synt. ? — « § 171. N. 1. — - Subj. or pred.? — <§ 199. 
— "• Why the imperf. ? — • § 132. 1. i^h. ?— ^ Root ?— » When doet 
V tako the rough oreathUig? — ® V hat does the accent shaw thia 



tniaycoyd *' eig^dXlovai de elg tov Evq^Quzrjv, biaktinovai^ de ixdari^ 
fzaQaadyyr^v, ylq-vQai de tnsiaiv. 16. Hv de nuQ avzov tov Ei- 
q^QutriV TruQodog arevT^ fiera^v tov TZorafiQv* xai tijg zdcpQov cSc 
ei'xoffi TTodoov TO evQog. TavTtjv dr^ Tr]v Tdqqov ^aaiXevg fiiya^ 
noitl dvri fQv^azog, Ineidrj nvv^dpezai Kvqov nqogeXavvovTa,^ 
17. TavTrjv dij tt-v nnQodov KvQog te xaJ t] crgaTia 7iaQi]X&s xeu 
iyirovTO eiam Ttjg Tdq)Qov. TavT^ fikv ovv rj r^f^fQff^ ovx i/iaxe- 
aaTo ^aatXevg, uXX VTioyrnQovvrmv q)af£Qa Tjoav xai ititkov xcu 
av^qdnrnv Jivq noXXd, 18, 'Evrav&a KvQog 2^iXavov xaXecag 
TOV 'u^fj^Qa^ttmTTjv fidvTiv idooaev ctvrqJ dageixovg TQig)^iXiovg, oti 
Tg evdeTidt'd dii iaeivtjg Ttjg r-fAtgac nQOTSQOv {^vofievog tlnev aifT<^ 
OTi ^aotXevg ov fiaj^eitai dtna r^fi£Qwv '^ Kvgog ^ einev, Ovk aga 
Sri fia^^ehai, el ev TuvTuig ov fiaxeirai TOig rifjiegaig • eav S dXri" 
^evGYi^g^ vmayvovfAai coi dfaa TdXavTu. • Tovto to ygvaiov rote 
anidoa^ev, inel tiuqTjX'&ov ai dtxu r^fieQai, 19. 'Eiztl ^ im z§ 
tdcpQqp ovu iy.oiXve ^atjiXevg to Kvqov azQdTevfia dia^aivewy* edoii 
xai Kvgm xa« Toig aXXoig dneyv<o}ierai tov fidy^eci^ai* ^gze T|f vGTe- 
gala Kvgog inogeveto Tjfit7.7jf4.epog fiaXXov, 20. Ty de TgiT'd im 
re TOV agfiC'iog xaOr^fievog^^ zijv nogeiav moiUTO %ai bXiyovg if 
tdiei e)^03v ngo avTov to de tioXv avT^ dtaTeragayfitpop ino- 
geveTo xai Tmv onXmv ToTg OTgaTtooTatg noXXa im a^o^dof i^om 
nai imo^vyimv, 


1. Kai i\bii Tfc ?;y dfx(f\ dyogav TiXri'&ovaav ya\ nXiiaiov^^rfl 
cra&fiog ev&a tfieXXe^^ xaToXvoeiv, tiViaa TlaTayvag dvijg Ilegciji^* 
t&v dfKpi Kvgov mcTav ngo(paiveTai iXavvmv dvd nguTog idgovih- 
u T(p iTtTZtp ' xal ev&vg ndqtv olg ivezvyy^avtv i^oa nal ^ag^agv- 

1 What kind of adj. ? — ^ Composition ? -^ ' $ 157. 4. — * Synt. ? 
— « §222. 2.— « § 201. — '^ § 191. 3. — ^'Yli.l iiow formedl 
(134. !.)? — » §§ 221 : 180. 2. — ^^ How is xd^n^ot formed from *• 
ca and 4/««» ? — 11 121. (3) ? — i« § 219. N. 1. — ^M 1^- I'^- 


icwtf* xa} * EXkrjnao^g, ozt ^aaiXthg avv cTQaTevfAxri no}.),^ nQo^tQ- / Q 
lezai mg eig fid'/r^v TraQSG'Aevaafitvog.^ 2. "Ev^^a drj 7io}.vg td(9Uxog 
BysvETO ' avTixa yag idoxovv oi EXXr^veg >iai ndvTsg df- ajamoig 
iqilaiv imTzeaeia&ai. 3. Kal KvQog re xaruTirfd/^oag uno tov UQfiurog 
xov {^coQccAU ividv, xai dva^iig im tov Innov ra nakra slg rag x^iQag t^^ ^ ^ ^ 
iXa^e, Toig re aXXdii naat naQt'iyyeXXtv^ eioTzXiCea&ai* nal nu'&iara' 
^&ai tig Ti^v iavTOv rd^iv (xaatov, 4. "^Evx^a dq avv noXkiji anovdQ xa- 
OiaiavTO, KXtuQ^og fifv ra de^iu tov xeguTog^ Jly^tov TtQog tq) EvcfQU- 
ri/ Tzozafi^, IlQo^tf'og de fxofievog ' oi ^ dXloi fieju tovrov. Mfvoop 
de 7(ui to aigdrevfia to evcovviaov xtQug 86^^ tov 'EXkt^nxovJi 5. Tov 
ds ^aQ^aQixov inntig {liv naq)}My6reg slg ii7.iovg naqk KXtagxov 
lazTjaav iv r^ de^t^, aai to 'EXlr^naov TreXraaTiicov ' iv ds t(JJ 
BvoDtvfjKy '^Qiaiog TB 6 KvQOv vnaqyoi' xaJ to d).),o ^aQ^agixov. 
6. KvQog de xal mnug fiez avTOv ooov i^axompi ^nXiafiivoi 
^caoa^i HEv avzoi xai TiaQUfJiffiqioiotg aai ifQUVBai navTBg nkr^v 
KvQOv. KvQog ds \f)i).ijv 'i)(mv Tt]v xscpaXijv slg ztjv f^dx^v xa&iaza' 
TO, [AiysTai de aai Tovg dXXovg IlsQcag xpiXaig Toig iiscf.aXaXg* 
iv T<p noXs^Kir dia-Aivdwevsw^ 7. Oi d' Innoi anavTsg oi fJiSTa Kvqov 
eiyov x«J TiQOfiBZfanibia ytai nqoazsQvibia bIxov de xal fiaxatQag 
oi iTiTZBig 'EXXr^vixdg, 

8. Kai rfiri tb t^v fiiaov rjfitQag^ * xa) ovnoa xaTacpavsig^^ rjGap 
oi noXsfiioi' TjfTAfc ds dsiXri sylyvsTo, iq^dv?] xoviOQTog* (ogneg 
vsqseXtj XevxTj, xQOvcp^de[ov]ffvxv^ vgtsqov agnsQ fisXavia rig ip z^ 
nsditr) im noXv, "Oze ds syyvzsQOv iylyrovzo, rdxa dij xai yi^aXxog 
zig ijaTQaTTTSf ' ^ xai ai Xoyxat^ x«J ai Taietg xaTaq)avBig syiyvop» 
ro.f/9, Kai ^aav iTinsTg^* fisv XsvxodoiQaxsg^^ smTov evtovvfiov 
•rwy TioXefiitfif Ti^^acpsQvrjg sXiysro tovtodv oLQXBir ' sx^jisvoi de 
rovTiOP yBQQoq)OQOt ' sxofisvoi ds bnXirai avv Tiod/jgeai ^vXivaig^^ 
iamatp*^^ Alyinrioi de ovroi iXsyovTo shai* aXXoi If innslg aXXoi 

* 5 119. 1.—* Account for a in the antepen. (§ 10. 1. )— » Why ths 
•mperf. ?— * Th. ? — « §§ 42. N. 3 : 177. 2.— « § 131. 1. — '' Norn, how 
formed ?— » § 39. 1.— » Synt. ?~i° § 127. N. 3. — >» § 177.2.— "Root 1 
— '• What does this imperf. denc'e ? — '* § 44. — " Composition ? — 
-'• « 131. 2.~->^ How formed 1 

. Wi«*V 

28 EXPEDITIOCtK^/ /,^^,;, 

roJorac fluviEg de ovroi naTO. y^ 7T)MiGt(p nXr^ei avd{itonm9) 
hy.uaxof to t-Otog fTiOQntTo. 10. IJqo ^ filroov aQuata dta- 
If 171017 a cvyrov an u).)ji/.(ov ra dQtTTavr^q^oQU 'Aa/.oifjteva''^ eiyot 
d} ta ^QhTTara hy. tojv d^orojv e!g n).ayiov UTToreTafitra xai ino 
Toig ^i^Qfiig ttgyJji' [iXtTzovTa, (hg dtaxonTfiP otoj trivyxcirohv. » '// 
^'f p'cofitj trv wg tig rag rditig rwv ^E7,lr^^v(ov ilcovToav* xut diUKO- 
xjwvTOOv. 11. ""0 fjitvioi KvQog tlntvy oze aaXt^ag TTaQsaeXevtro 
toTg EV.rjffi Ti^v 'AQav/lv t^v ^aq^aQcov artjea&ai,^ ^xptvG'&ri rov- 
TO •'' oh yaQ yQavyij d)J.a, ciyri dog dvvGJOv xat t]ovy7/ iv Tdco xa« 
iiQudiag 7TQog{t6av,y)J 12. Kal iv TOVTCp KvQog TiaQeXaifaf ainog 
oiv niyQfjrt t^** SQfitjrti y,ai dlXotg iqkuv /) ihtraQGi r^ KXeuq^^ 
f^oii dysiT TO atQaTei'iia y,aru fttoov tq rmv noXefJiaVy^ or^ ixei 
(iaoiXevg enj ''" Kav^^ lovro, tcprj, rixcoftev^Tidrd^^^ Tjfjiiv ntTToitjTaL^^ff 
13. ' Oimv ds 6 Kkiaqyog rb fitaov aucpog x«J d^iovaov Kvqov^^ ^ 
f^o) ovrcc^^ Tov 'EXXrjvMov evosrvfiov ^uoiXia ' roaovzov^ yaQ n7.r\d£i . 
m()tyv ^aatXevg ojgrs fiiaov to iavzov tyjav^^ tov Kvqov evtovv- 
fiov ii(x) r^v ' dX)! ofAog 6 KXsagyog oin ^{^eXev dnooTzdaai. dnb tov 
fiorafiov TO dtho'f xtQag, cpo^oifierog fiti^^ }ivxX(x)&ei\ r/.artQ(a&iv *'' 
TQ) de KvQqi dnexQivaro on avt^ fiiXoi ontag :iaXmg r/oi.^^. 

14. Kai iv TOVTcp T(p KaiQ(^ to fxfv ^ag^aoixhv CTQnrevfJta 
ofiaXmg TiQorfH '^° rb ^ *EXXr]nxbv hi ivrqj avrcpfiirov ovrtruTZcTO 
fx rav izi nQogiovrtov, Kai o KvQog TzaQeXairmv ov Trdrv Tiobg 
avz^ rep crQazsvfiaji aatE&Eoizo ixartgo^ae dno^Xt7To^A> tfg re 
rovg 7ioXe[jiiovg xai rovg q)iXovgl/J 15, 'Idmv de avrov dnb tov 
EXXrjrty.ov Sevocf^v '/4d^rjvaTog, vTzeXiaag dog mrurrT^aai i^gtro 
El ri TtaqayyiXXoi' 6 5' imxsrriaag Elnt x«J 7,kytiv iy.tXtvt ndcii'j 
on xou ra ItQU xai to. acfdyia naXd,^^// 16. Tavra di Xi'y(or, do- 
Qv^ov^ i'iXOVGE dia TMv Tftjfcoy lovtog, xa\ f^QEto rig^^ o {togvi^vg 

* Th. ? — ' What is the gram, and log. subj. of this propoNJiion ? 

— ' § 220. 1. — ^ § 222. 1. Why paroxytone and not prop'^rispom. » 
— « Subj. ?— ^ § 167. — 7 § 124. 1.— 8 § 139. 3.--» Synt. 7— »• Upoi. 
lehat verb does this optat. depend (§ 216. 3.) ? — " Wh;it ip Xum 
iind of CDntraction called ? — *' Account for &. — *'^ § 2(j0. N. li. 

- »* § 179. 1 — »' ^ *?22. 2.— »« 6 222. 1.— ^^ § 224. 5. — ^=* § iJil. 2. 
^ »J 157. N. 8.(1).— '^"5 )18.f?/<» N. Mend).--«»§ 157. N. 10.— *«§ 147. 

LIB. I. CAP. VII r. 29 

«iij/. de Ahvoqioov tinsv on to GvvO^rjfia TraQtQverai devreQOf 
t^di]. Kat og^ i&avfjiuae tig TiUQuyyskXi-i xal fiQeto o ri ai/j ro 
ffvvOr^fia. '0 de aTiexQiraTO on ZET2: l^THP KAl MKH. 
Yl.^Oda KiQog dxovaagf 'AXludt)[Ofiai re, icpTi, xal rovro tazm^ 
Tavta ds tmiyv tig tqv iavrov "^(oqolv a7tr]XavvE ' xal ovx tit rqia 
ij zixzaQa atudia^ dieiyhtjv i(a cpaXayye an akh'^lmv, i^viy.a inai' 
uvi^ov te ot "EkX^reg Koi, fjoj^ovjo avzioi iivai^ roig noXefiioig, 18." 
S^g 8e TTOQEvofitvay* i^eyivfiuirs ri jT^g q;alayyogy jo imXeinofJisvof 
ijQ^aTo dQOficp^ {ytlv • x«J auu Iq'&ty^avTO^ Tzdvteg oiov ntq T(p 
*Eyva}.iqt' iXtU^ovGi, xal mivitg ds tOtov, Atyovai dt xiveg (og 
xai raig aamoi TiQog t« doQcna idovTirjaav cpo^ov Ttoiovvteg lolg 
Innotg,// 19. IJ^v de TO^evfia i^mvEio^aC ixuXivovoiv oi ^aq^aQoi 
KCii qjevyovGL Kat, ivtav&a 5// idioDitov fiev xatu 'AQatog 
ot "EkXrjvsg, i^oojv ds aXXrjXoig (Jtrj '&hv dgofjiq), dl)! iv rd^si 
fTieaOcu, If 20. Td ds aQfiata scpsQSTO rd [jisv^ dl avroov rmv no- 
Xsfiioiv, T«. ds '^at did Twy 'E)Jktiv(ov, aerd t^vio/^odv,^ 01 ds, 
inei n^otdoisvy duatavzo' sazi S ogtig^^ xai xareXi^gj&ri agfzsQ if 
InTiodQOficp ixTiXaysigi ' xal ovdsv fisvzoi oids tovzov nty^siv scfa- 
aavy^^ ovds dXXog ds t^v'EXhivcov iv zavr'Q r^ (Jidxri snad^sv ovdsig 
cvdev^^f 7iX\v ini z^ svtovviK^ zol^ev&tjvai Tig iXtyszo.^ ^ \ 

21. KvQog ds OQciv zovg^EXXrjvag finmtag'^ to yiad^ avjovg 
xai dt(6}(0vzag, r^dofievog not Tigogavvov^evog Tjdrj mg ^aaiXsvg vno 
TcSy dfi(p avzov, oid' ag i^i^x^^ dioiasiv \ dXXd Gvvs(Snki(mfiivriv 
ijjfov triv T«y Gvv savr^ i^a'AOomv iTZTitoav rd^iv insusXsizo^ o rt 
noujasi ^aaiXsvg, Kai yuQ ^dti avzov on fisaov sxoi tov Usgaixov 
GTQOtrevfJtazog. 22. Kul ndvzsg ds ot rmv ^ag^dgcov agyovtsg 
uiaov syovtsg to a^wi:? fjvovvTo, vo/jiil^ovzeg ovrm xal iv dacpa^ 
Xeardzwy elvai, ijvxirj lo^jmSyrav STiazsQoa&sv, xaJ sin nagayyslXai 
XQvCohv, ijfJiiasi^'^ dv XQOf(^^ctiad-dvsa&ai to ctgdrevfia. 23. Kai 

1 § 152. (Form. xoU oq). — * Synt. ? — » § 219. 1. — < What does 
this gen. abs. denote ? — ^ § 198. — • Root ? Tense how formed ? 
^ § 220. 2. — « § 142. (AtL DiaL)—^ § 181. 1.—*" § 150. 5.— ^^ Why 
jrlay ia this tense, and nXtiaa in the pres. 1 — ^' Why subj. not ex- 
pressed ?-—**§ 225. 1. What is this part = o ?— ."^^ § 57. 4 

— *• Decline. 




^aaO.tvg d/] rore, fiiaov bxcov tig iavTov atQanag ofioogi^{a iyiveT$ 
fov JsvQov ev(on'iAOv xtQUTog, 'Etth ds oidug avt^ i/jidxeto ix 
tov iravTiov ovde toig avrov retayfxtvoig tfinQocd^BVy inexaf^nzir 
(og alg }iv'A).ioaiii0^24i/ Evx^a d>, KvQog deiaag^ {iq oTZtaO^ev yevofie" 
vog Tiaia'AOiprj to 'ElXrivinhp iXaivu avriog' xaJ ffi^aXar avv 
toig i^axoGioig rixa zolg tiqo ^aatkmg tEjayfitvovg xai eig qiv^tjp 
€T()ti/»f zovg i^ai<ig)[i).iovg' xul anoy.itivai Xtystaiavrog rj eavtov 

26. Sig ds 7/ TQontj lytvHzo diaaneiQOvrai xat oi Kvqov 
i^a'Aoatoi tig ro di(6xeiv OQfjir^aavzfg * TzXijv navv oXiyoi uii(p av- 
tbv nartXticpxyr^aaVf^ o^Bdov oi ofAOZQaTzs^oi xaXovf^evoi^ 26. 2ivf 
Tovtoig 8e av xaO^OQU ^aatXta xal to aficp ixEivov atiq}og ' xai 
£v{^vg ovx tjvsaxsto,* aXX ftWwr, Tov av^QU oqoj, iBto^ in aitov 
xal Ttaiti^ aatu to attQvov xal tttgoioitei 8ia tov d^oiQaxogt (og 
q)rjGV KtVfOiag 6 latQog x«! tuoOai avtbg to tQavfid q)r^ai> 
27. Uaiovta 5* aitov axovtiXti tig naXt^ vno tov ocp'&aX' 
fAOv ^luicog ' aal ivtavx^a fiayofietoi xai ^aaiXsvg aal Kigog nai ol 
af^cp avtovgvTzeQeTtatBQOVfOTzoaoifisvtavafiq;} ^aai)Ja ane&vrjaitof 
Ktr^jiag Xiyu ' naq iasivcp yag r^v Kvgog de avtog ts ani^avB 

Vtai OXIG) oi CLQlGtOl tbiV TlBQl UVtOV tXtlttO 671 UVt^. 28. 'u^Qttt- 

nattjg 8e 6 niGtotatog avtc^ tav <jxf]7itovx(»^ d^eQunoav Xsyetai, 
ineid^ij TzeTztojxota^ side Kaqov, xatanr^dr^aag ano tov mnov ne- 
Qineaeiv^ avzrp, 29. Kal oi fitv q>noi ^aaiXta xeXavaai tiva^^ 
BTziGqxi^ai av ov KvQqi • oi de, iavtov iniGCfa^ai, GnaaajiBvov tov 
dxivdxTjv ' bJ^b yoLQ yQVGOvv, xal GZQBTZtov 8b iqiOQBi nai xpiXXia 
xai td dXXa cagnsQ oi dgiGtoi tmv TIbqgcov * izttifujto ydg ino 
KvQOv 8i tvvoidv ts y,al 7iiGi6tt]ta.^^ 

^ Tense how formed ? — * Root ? Account for 9 i» the antepen. 
— » § 140. 3. — -» § 82. N. 3. — 5 Why mid. voice ?— « § 209. N. 1 
— ^ Why is (ffiai here accented ? — ' Account for Tttm in the root of the 
perf. and niTi in ihat of *he pi3jent. — • § 96. 16. — *** § 14S. 2^ 
-~'» Jil28. \.2: 35.N. S.(l) 

.IB. I. CAP. IX. 31 

■^ ■ ,. i. •■ ' ' 


^, KvQog }tif ovv ovrmg itE).EVTr]aep, dvrjQ mp JleQa^ imp 
futtK KvQOP TOP ic^j^arof yepofjiipdip ^aatlixoitatog re xal olq^bip 
«S/oiivJt3ro^, ^g nuQa Tzaproup ofioXoyehai rmp Kvgov doxovpT<op 
ip Ttei^rt yepia&ai. 2. TIq^top fiip yuQ in noug oSy ots inaidev' 
6T0* xaJ avp T<p aZtXq)(i'i x«J aw roXg aXkotg natm^ naptKup nap- 
xa xQUTiffTog^ Ipofii^sro. 3. Ildvrsg yaq ol toop aqicrtop IJegGmp 
naideg ZTfi ratg ^aaiXt^g '&vQaig mxideioprai ' sp&a tioIXtjp fup 
ccticpQoavvtiP xatafia&ot ap rtg, aiaxQov o ovoep ovte axovaai ovt 
idtip iati, 4. Gemprai 8' oi naideg ytal Tovg rifKai^tpovg vno j3a- 
atXscog xal a'AOvovai, xal SlXovg atifial^fffispovg '^ ^gie ev&vg 
naideg optsg fiapd^dpovcjip aQX^tP re xal oQXBa&ai. 5. "Ep&a 
KvQog aldrffiopsffratog^ fiep tzq^top rcop tjXixiojtoop idoTcet bIpui^ rote 
re TTQsa^vTSQOig^ xai rap iavrov vnodeeorsQap^ fidXXop ndd^ea&oi^ 
ineira di (piXiTiTtorarog^ xaJ roig mnotg uQiara )[QiJG&ai, "^h^ipop 
V avrov 'Aoi rap sig rop noXefiop aQyoup, ro^mtjg re koi dKOPriaeoog,^^ 
q'lXofxa'&toTarvp ejyai xa« fieXerriqorarop,^^ 6. ^Enei de rj 
^Xixitt^ engkne, xat'^f^iXod^iiQorarog^^ Jjp xalnqog rd &t\'a yiiproi 
qfiXoMP^vporarog. Ka\ agxrop nori imcpeQOfitprjp ovx StQeaep, 
dXXa avfiTieawp Tiareandc&fj dno rov Innov xaird fisp ena&ep^^^ 
091^ xai rag dreiXdg cpape^g el^e, reXog^* ds Karixape^^ kou top 
ngoDTOP fiivToi ^oij&i^aapra noXXoig fiaxagiGrop' moiriaep. 

7. ^Enei ds xare7zsfiq)&rj vno rov narqhg cargdTitjg Avbiag re 
KOI 0Qvyiag r'^g lAtydXrig xaJ Kaitnadoniag^ azQartjyog^^ de xul 
ndvrmv d/zedeixO^rj olg xaO^r^'Asi elg KaGKoXov nediop d^Qoi" 
^S(s{^ai, nQOdtop [Jiev insdei^ep avrop, on negi nXeiarov 
notoirOy et rtp OTTSiGairo^^ xai ei rqy cvpd^olro xai ei np 
vnoajp^ro rt, ^i^Sh xpevdea&uh 8. Kai ydq oip imarevop ^h 

» Tn. ? How formed ? — » Compare.—* { 179. N. i. — 

* § 135. 4. — M 132. ^— 7 J 57 2.-8 Synt. ? — • Composition 7 
"* § 129. 3. — »*» § 131. 3. — *» Composition. — ^« Root ?-^ '« { 124. 
; -. i« J 105. — 16 § 166. N. 1. 



avTQ)' al noXtig iniTQenoiAevai, imarevov S oi civdQtg' x«/ si ris 
noXefJiiog iytrsTO, OTiEioafitvov Kvqov iniaievt fxrfilv uv tiuq'c 704 
cnovdug nad^slv. 9. ToiyaQovv mu TiaoacftQiti ino)J.iiiiae, na- 
cat al Tzokiig SKOvaai^ Kvqov tiXovro^ drn TioaacptQvovg tzXI^v 
MiXt^oiiov ' ovTOi ds on oix f^d'tXe rovg cftvyorzag nqotad^aty icpo- 
^ovPTO^ avTor, . 10. Kai yuQ 'tQyq> intbtl'AVvzo D.tyev on om 
uv 71076 TtQOoho, tTiH UTia^ cfilog av70tg tybva70y ov^ tl hi. jU4» 
^tiOvg^ yivoivTOf hi ds xal y.uAiov TTQO&tiav.^ 11. (paveQog 5* i,v xai ei 
tig 71 dyudov rj aaaov Ttoii'iaeitv^ avxov^ vixav ntiQcofievog ' xcii tvx^tjy 
dt 7iv£g av70v i^tcfeQov \x>g ei^ono 7oaov7qv iqovov .^yv tg7E vrAc^rf 
x«« 70vg tv yiai 701 g aaxoog noiovvTag dls^Ofitvog. 12, Kat yag 
ovv 7tXti67oi drj avTcp hi ye dv8()i 76jv i(p rjfimv iTze&vfir^aav ncu 
IQilliaza 'Aoi noXeig Tiou t« aav7mv (xca^ara TZQOta&ai. 

13. Ov fisv dt] aids zovi av 7ig ecnoi dg tovg nanovQyovg^^ 
xai adinovg eia na7aytXav, akX a(fEid£a7a7a navtmv hii4(OQeT70. 
TloXXaxig^^ ^ tjv ideiv TtaQa tag ati^ofiivag odovg xal Tiod^v^ xaJ 
j^eiQOJV y*al ocpOaXfxcov a7e()OVfJiivovg dvx^Qmnovg ' (OG7e ev 7^ 
Kvqov aQXXi sysve70^^ nal'^ElXfjvi^^ xal ^aQ^aQq) ^t]8ev a8Movv7i, 
adeojg noQEvea^ai otzoi 7ig ij&tXeVy t)[0V7t 71 nQoyijuiQOiri. 14. 
Tovg ys nh70i dya&ovg elg TtoXefiov^' (0(Jio),6yTj70 biacfjBQOvtaog" 
n^nv, Kai 7tQ^70v fiiv r^v av7^ noXenog TZQog TleKridag yuu Mvcovg, 
£7Qa7£v6fji€vog ovv nal av7og elg 7av7ag 7ag x^Q^S ^^'ff ioiga^^ 
i&eXov7ag mvdvveveiv, rovtovg xai aQ^viag moin rig 7ia7ea7Qsq)t- 
70 x^Q^^f^^ s7ZEt7a ds nal aXXoig doiQoig hl^a' 15. coyrg qiaivB 
a&ai 70vg [xsv dyax^ovg Evdat{AOVEa7a7ovg^ 7ovg de,;iaxovg dovXov$ 
T0V7C0V a^iovv EJvai. ToiyaQOvv noXlrj yv acp{^ovia av7^) rcoy i&B- 
X6v7<av aivdvvEvtiVf OTtov 7ig 010170 Kvqov ala&riosad^at. 

16. Eig ye fir^v dtaaioavvrjv at 7ig av7^ q;avEQog ytvot70 sm- 
hi'AVva&ai ^ovXofiEvog, tzeqI 7iav7og moiEX70 70V70vg TrXovGiaotaQOv^ 

- ^_- 

» Synt. ? — = § 53. N. 2. — 8 Root? — ■• What does this imperf. 
denote ? — « Compare and decline (§§ 59 : 58. 2). — « § 87. N. 3 
- 7 Dialect ? — ^ § 165. 1. — • § 87. N. 2,— »» Composition ? — 
11 } 120. — »« Sub;. '? -- »8 § 196. 3.-^^ § 167 . N. 3.— *^ § 80. N. 3.- 

1*5 §151.1. a 

LIB. I. CAP. IX. 33 

ftoi^f tmp^ ix rov adixov q)tXox8Qdovvz(av,^ 17. Kal yag olw SX» 
ta IS TtokXa. duaiag avtcp diayeiQiXnTO arQaievfiaTt^ aXrj&iv^ 
ij^Qi^auTo. Kal yuf) azQazt^yol aul Xoyuyoi oh XQmAazoiv tpeaa 
jZQog syttivov inltvaav, aXX inti tyvwouv y.tQduXecoztQOp* tlvai 
KvQcp K6c^cj^^ nudaQ^up ?} to xara /i^i« xtQdog,^ 18. '^XXa 
fi/jv ti tig yi ri avzcp TZQogzd^uizi xaX(ag vTzr^QtztjautVy^ ovSeil' 
ndnozE a)^dQi6zov ttaae^ rt^v TiQobvfiiuv. ToiyuQOvv y.QdzioJOi 
d/j jfT ztiQizai nav^io^ytQyov Kvqco iXtjOr^auv ytrtodui. 19. El 8a 
tiva OQCptj otipov opza oi-AOvofiov tx zov or/.aiov aai xazajxevui^op 
rd re fjg d())^oi )^c6Qug^^ xui TZQogooovg Tioiovvza, ov8tpa uv najiota 
aqiBiXtrOy dXXk dti TiXtlxo^^ nQo^tdidov' ^gze xul fjdtcog etzovow 
Hcu {yaoQaXtag ixzmvzo, xai ci'^ Inhnaro^^ uv tig, i]xiaza Kvqov 
ixovTZzev ov yoLQ qiOopo^p zolg qjUPtQOjg nXovzovaip^* icpaivejo^ 
dXXa nEiQ(o^BPog "iQiiiadai Tolg z&iv urioxQV7zzoiitv(op']ii^Q)]uciai. 20. / ^ 
0iXovg ys fitjv oaovg Tzoi/^aaizo xai tvpovg ypoirj opzag^^ xai Ixa- 
vovg xQiptie avvtQyohg eipui o ri^^ tvy/^dpoi ^ovXofJisfog xazegyd^^ 
G&ai, QfioXoyblzai. TTQog 7zdpzo!)vx(jdzi(jtog df/yepsaO^ai&EQaTzsveiv,^^ 
21. Kal yag avto tovzo ovneg avtog evexa qiiXcop^ (ptro dtiod^aif 
tog Gvt'EQyovg Ixot, xai avzbg STzeiQuzo avvtQyog roig cpiXoig xgJiTi- 
arog elvai tovzov ozov^^ txaazop aiaOdpoizo inid'v^ovi'ia. 

22. /Jmga de nXuara nlv, ol^ai, tig ye dpr^gav iXdfi^ave dia - •/ » 
nqXXd • zavta de Tidpzaw 5// ptdXiaza TOig qilXoig SiididoVy TtQog 
Tovg TQOTZovg ixdazoo axoTzmp xai ozov fidXiaza ogcpi] exaatov deo^ 
UEVov, 23. Kal oaa rep acofiari avzov xoofiov TZffxnoi rig rj tog 
ug noXefjiov ^ cog tig xaXXioniGfiov, xai tzeqI tovttov Xiyeiv avzov 
icpacav'^ ozi zo fAev aavzov acofia ovx av ovvaizo zovzoig naai- 
Koafiij&Tjvaij cpiXovg di xaXcog xexoafir^^svovg fiiyiazov xocfiov 

Synt. ? — « Th. ? — ' § 198. N. 1. — * With what does this 
idj. agree ? Th. ? — M jgG. N. 5. — « Dialect ? — M l^J- ^' 4- — 
What verbs form their augrment by lengthening « into ** ? — 
» § 124. N.— ''^ Why the gen. (§151. 3. 2.) ?— ^^ Compare and decline. 
^ *« ^ 165. 1 : 150. 5. — *3 5 118. 77. — '* §§ 140. 3 : 196. 2. — 
•» § 222. 2.— ^« Antecedent? — ^'^ Ob ect of this verb ?— ^^ § 182. — 
*• Why is the eubj. not expressed 7 — *° Dat. plur. how formed ( { 
39.1.)? f 


ird(n vofJii^oL 24. Kat to iih tu [xeydXa vixav rovg cpiXovg ei 
^oiovvTU joidir Oavfiaotbv,* intidi^ ye xai dwaToaTsgog r^v rb.di 
7 2 inifiilcta ntQitlvai r^vcfiiXcov x«( ti^ nQO^Viitlox^ai^ xaqil^ead^iu^ 
ravta efiotye fidXlov^ doy>ti ayaata thai, 25. Kvgog yaq infum 
SUovg otvov iifiideeig TTolXdaig, onote ndvv rfivv Xd^oi,^ Xeycov on 


aot ensfiypE xai dtitai aov ri^fieQOv rovtov ixmeiv gvv olg fidXiaza 
qtiXug. 26. IlolXdxtg 8e yjivag rifJu^Qdjovg ineiine xa} dgtoaf 
t^fiiasa xai dXla toiavru, inilsyeiv ntXtvcov tov cpSQOvra * Totnoii 
r^(7&tj KvQog ' ^ovXezai ovv v.a\ ae Tovrmv^ yevaac&ai, 27. 
Onov ds x^^^-og andviog ndvv tiq, avrhg f idvvuto naQaoxevdaa 
a&ai did TO TioXXovg i^eiv^ vnriqitag xa/ did rr^v imfjisXeiav, dia" 
nsfiTzoDv extXtvB jovg qCkovg loTg rd iavrSv adfiata dyovan^ 
iTtnoig if4^dXXtt.v rovtov tov ;ft^oy, wff ft^ Tisivrnvzeg jovg iavzov 

•yi (pD.ovg dyaatv. 28. El de 8^ notB noQeioiro xa< nXuazoi fisXXoief* 
oipeo'&ai, 7i(jogxaX^v rovg q)lXovg ianovdaioXoyelto,^ wg driXoiij^^ 
ovg tifid * agrs eycoySf i^ oov dxovoi), ovdifu xQivm vno nXtiovw^ 

(^ ne(piX^a&ai^ ' ovre -EXXi^rmv ovre ^aQ^dqtav. 29. T^xfu^Qtotf dt 
tovrov Tioi rods ' naqd fifv Kvqov dovXov ovtog ovdeig dn'QSi TTQog 
^aaiXia ' TzXrjv 'Ogoriag intxeiQtjae'^^ xal ovrog drj ov ^ero nujzop 
oi thai, 'tayy avrop^^ evQe Kvgcp qiiXairegov rj iavz^' Ttagd di 
^aatXmg ttoXXoI ngog Kvqov aTz/^X^ov, insid^ noXifiioi dXXriXoig 
iytvovTOf xal ovroe (Jitvtoi ol fidXiGia V7t \tvrov dyandfievoi, vofii" 
^ovTeg fzagd KvQcp ovieg dyai)o\ d^imtsQag dv ttftfjg^^ rvyxdveiv if 
nagd ^aaiXtl. 30. Mfya de texfi/jQiov xal to iv r^ zeXevty tov 
6iov avT^ yevofievoVf on xaJ avTog tjv dyad'og, 'Aai }<Qiveiv OQ&mg 
idivaTo Tovg niatovg nal evvovg y^ai ^e^alovg, 31. ^jino^VTiGnof* 
tog ydq^avrov^^ ndvzeg oi nag avtov q)iXoi xai avvTgdne^ot 
mnix^avov fiaxofjievi t vTieg Kvqov uXr^r ^Agiaiov ' ovTog de tbtc^ 

» § 160. N. 1. — M§ 221 : 198. — » § 125. N. 3. — < § 216. 1 
— ■§ 191.2.— «§ 179. 1. — ^ Synt. ? — * § 219. N. 1. — 
• Th. ?— '° Subj. 1— »» Account for iy in the pen. — '* § 144. N. 1.— 
'■ i rS, 2. — '* What d>e« this ger ?ib'«. denote 7 

LIB. I. CAP. X. 35 

^vQOv nintaav.Qta^ ecpvyev, sxoav icai to aTqdtBvaa nav ov t^^sho 

CAP. X. 

1. ^Evtav9a i^iy Kvqov aTznrsijivsTat fj xegpa/l^ xal x^iQ V ^*b'« 
BciaiXevg di xa\ ot avv avt^ dtoimav elgmnjet eig to KvQeiot 
ffjQaTOTTedop • xaJ oi fiiv fxera '^Qiaiov ovxeu laravtai, akXa 
(ptvyovGi dia rov avvoSv atQatofrsSov €ig tbv cra^fiov ivd^ev mQ 
piTjVTO ' rsTtaQsg ds iXiyovto TtnQaadyyai elvat zrjg odov. 2. Baat- 
Isvg ds xai oi avv avT^ to. te dXXa noXXd dioQTzd^ovaij xai tijif 
fhosHatdit^ rriv KvQOvnaXXaxida Trjv (joq)t]v xai xaXijv Xeyoixevriv ejvai 
Xafx^dvet. 3. 'H ds MtXrjaia ^ veaTsga Xrjq)d^et6a* vno tmv ofxcfi 
0aaiXta, ixq)ev^'Ei yvfivrj nqog rav 'EXXr^roov ol itv^ov iv toig axevo 
qiOQOi^ onXa ix^vtegj xai dvTirai&iviBg noXXovg fuv rmv agTza^ov- 
tcov dnixzEivav, oi da xai avroiv^ ani^avov ' ov fiijv ecpvyov y«, 
dXXu xai zavTrjv eacoaav xai aXXa dnoaa ivtog avzmv xai j^grji^ata 
xai up&QOOTioi iyevovzo navta iaoaaav. A.^Eviavd^a diia^ov dXXriXaiv^ 
^aatXevg te xai ol EXXi^veg (og rqiaxovTa arddia, oi fiev dioixovrsg 
Tovg xaif avtovg, cog ndvtag vixmreg • oi ds aqTid^onsg cog i^dij 
tzdvreg vix^pzeg, 5. 'Ensl ds ^ax^ovto oi (lev ^EXXfjvsg on ^amXevgf^ 
avv TC{) (STQajEviiazi ev roTg cxsvoqjoQOig eirj, ^aaiXsvg If av i]xov68 
Tiff(jaq)€Qyovg on ol ^E^XrivBg vix^ev to xa& avrovg xai eig to 
TtQoad^ev oixovrai dtoixovreg,"^ ipzavOa l^/j §aaiXevg fAiv dd-goi^et 
ZE tovg iavtov, xai ovvtdztetai ' 6 be KXeag^og i^ovXevsto Ugo^svop ' 
xaXtaag, nXriaiaixazog^ ydg iyy, ei mttnoiiv tivag iy Tidvteg loiep 
^Tzl to (jtgatOTiedov dg^^ovzsg.^ 

6. ^Ev tovtcp xai ^aaiXevg driXog rpf ngogidov ndXiv mg id^ei om- 
ff O-fv. Kal oi fjiEP ^EXXr^veg avatgaq^ivteg nag e cxwa^ovto dig tavtri 
ngogiovtog xou de^ojiEfoi ' 6 ds ^aaiXAg tavfq (Up ovx riyev, y ^* 

» How is rvrxoivQ) used with the part ? — « § 222. 2.— » §127. a 
- « § 118. ^. — « Synt ' - • § 180. 1. — M 222. N. 2. — "^ § 12J 
I (3.)— • § 222. 5. 


nagl^Mev e^a) jov EvoDvvfiov asQUTog, ravrri nal am'j'yajsf, xpaXii' 
Biav xai Tovg iv ry f^<^XV 3<«^^ ''^ovg EXXt^vag avTOfioXi'jaoLVTag xai 
Tiaaaq)tQvriv xaJ zovg ovv avz(^). 7. *0 yag TtaoaqsQrrjg iv tiji 
ngcotri avvodcp ovk ecpvyev, aXXa di/^Xaos tiuqcc tov notaixov xara 
tovg *'ElXrivag TzeXtaardg ' diBXavvav ds xuts>iavE fiev oidtva, diU' 
crdvteg de ol "EkXrivEg inaiov xai 7]>i6pttLOv^ ainovg * 'E?nad^trrjg 
ds 'u4fJiq)i7ioXirTig^ 7^Q)^e rwy TteXtaarmv xal IXiyeto cpQOvifiog ye- 
piff&ai. 8/0 5* ovv TiaoacfjQvrjg cog fielor tx^ov dTzr^XXdyrfy naXiv fih 
om dvuGTQSCpei, tig ds to aiQazonEdov dcpixofievog to tav 'EkXi]v(av 
ixei avvTvyxdfsi ^aaiXu^ xcx.} biiov di] nakiv avvta^dfievoi inoQEvov' 
TO. 9. ^EnBi S ijaav xdta to evdvvfiov t^v'EXXt^vcov xiqag, edEiaav^ 
oi ^EXXrjvBg fiij nqogdyoiBv ngog to atgag xai TieQiTiTt^avzeg djAgjO- 
tsg(o{)^ev avTOvg aaTanoxpsiav ' nal idoxei^ avtoTg dvuTZTvaoEif to 
nsgag, xal Ttoirjaaa&ai oma'&tv tov noTUfiov, 10. ^Ev (^ de ravta 
S^ovXevovto xal d/] ^aaiXslg nagaiihixpdiAtvog Eig to avtb GX^^f^ci 
KaTEaTTjGEv ivavTiav tijv q;dXayya agTztg to Ttgojzov fia)^ovfjiEvog 
ovvQEi, 'S^g de Eidov ol EXXr^veg iyyig zt ovTag xai nagaTEtayfii" 
vovgy av^ig naiaviaavTtg i7i\^boav ttoXv hi ngod^viiOTEgov ^ to 
ngoa&Ev? 11. Oi d' av ^dg^ugoi om td&xorTOf dXX sx nXeovog 
§ TO ngoa^Ev eq)Evyov • oi 5' intditoxov f^itxgi xoifjirjg^ Tivog, 12. 
*Evtav&a de tattjaav oi '^EXXrjvtg ' vneg yag Tjjg xdfirig yt^Xoq)og r^v 
i(p ov dvECtgdcpr^aav oi dficpl ^aoiXia, ntt,o\ fiev ovx hi, joov di 
innmv q X6q}og ivE7iXt]cd^i], (ogTE to notovfievov fii] yiyvoiaxsiv 
Kal TO ^aaiXEiov 6ijfiEiov bgav €q)aaav, dtTov tiva XQvaovv im 
I U 9nikTfig avuTETafJiEvor, 

13. 'EtzeI de xa, ivTdv&a ixoigovv^ oi^^EXXfjveg, Xeiaovaidij xat 
tov Xoqjov oi inneTg' ov fisvzoi iti d'O^gooi, dXX dXXoi dXXo&ev' 
ixpiXovto 5' 6 Xocpog t^v innicov ' ttXog de xal ndvteg dnexc^griGav, 
14. ' O ovv KXsagxog ovx dve^t^a^ev etzI tov X6q)0v, dXX vno avtof 
atriaag to ctgdtEVfia ninnei udvxiov tov 2^vgaxov6iov xal aXXop 
im tov X6q)0Vf xai xeXsvei xattdovtag ta vmg tov Xocpov ti iattf 

» Th. ? — « § 127. 3. — « Tense how formed ? — * § 150. N. I.— 
•f 141. N. 1. — M*^6. 2. 

LIB. I. CAP. X. '^"i 

iaayysiXcuf 15. Kal 6 Avmog i^Xaaers yal idojv a.iixyytX/.ti on 
q}€vyov6iv avcc xQaiog, 2Jxe8ov d' ote tavra l^v xa) t]hO'^ tdtizo. 
16. 'EpTuv&a d' iart^oav orEk7.i]VEg nai {^tfieroi la ott/m uitnuv' 
nvzo' aai afix fisp i&uvfia^ov on ovdufiov KvQog q}aiPoizOy oif 
ukXog an avjov ovdtlg TtctQeii] • ov yaq ^deoap uvtop tsO^pr^^OTa^'^ 
dl)J eiHu^op ri dicfixovra oi)[e6&ai ^ xaTaXtjyjOfjiepov'^ ti TZQotXTjXa' 
}ispui ' 17. Tiol avTOi f^ov}.svopTO El avTov fieipaptsg la axevoqioQa 
iPTuv&a ayoipto /} anioisp irii to GrgaTOTzedop. ''Edo^ep ovp av- 
roig amivai' *acu acpinvovpTai dfiq)l doQTTTjarov im rag axTjpdg* 
18- TavTTjg luv ovp ir^g iifitQug tovto to tiXog iyepeto. Kata» 
Xafi^dvovGi ds imp re dXXav j^QrjfidroDP rd nXtlara dirjgnaafjispa^ 
Hoi ei TI aitiov ^ norov tip ' xaJ rag dfxd^ag fisardg dXevQOJP* xai 
oivov, ag naQEGnevdaaro KvQog, ha ei Tiors acpodgd Xd^oi spSeia 
to GTQdtsvfiaf diadidoitj rolg EXXrjaip' r^aavlf avrai, (og iXi' 
yopro, rstqaxoaiai dfia^ai, nal ravrag roze ol avp ^aaiXsl 
diriQnaaav. 19. ^Sigrs ddeinvoi t^aap ol nXEiGtoi rojp 'EXXr^poip ' 
^aav de xal dpdQicjroi ' ttqIp ydq drj TiaraXvaai^ ro crgdrevfjia 
fiQog OQKJTOP, ^uaiXevg icpdprj, Tavnjv fiev ovv rTjp rvTcra ovrm 

* What is this part. == to ? — * What does this part, expreei 
(J 222. 5) ? - ^ What has become of C in the root ?— * Synt ?-« 



-f I 



KTPOT j4NABA2:E^1 ff. 

CAP. I. 

'512, fJiip ovv ii&QoiaOri KvQ(p ro 'EXXtjrixov, onore im top ad A 
jihv ^AgraifQ^Tjv iaTQarevnOy xal oaa iv ty avodcp iTigdx&t] xa« Ag 
jy fta^^ ^y^'^^'^o nai 6y' KvQog ireXtvirjae xai <x>g inl ro CTQatonedot 
ikOovteg ol "ElXijveg ixoifir^x^rjaav, oiofisvoi ra nuvta vrAuv xaJ Kv' 
gov ^v, iv T^J ifjinQoad^Ev Xoycp dtd/^Xootai. 2, 'y^fiu de tJ W^Q^ <^^' 
V BlO^ovfsg ol aTQUTTjyol i&avfAa^ov on Kvgog ovte iXkov nfimoi 
arjfiavovvza o n )[Qrj noiHv, ovt avtog cpairoiTO. ''Edo^tp ovv 
avToTg avaHSvaaafisvotg a e7)[ov xa< i^onXiaafjiivotg ngoiivat elg 
to TTQOO&fv, ecog Kvgqi avfjifill^Eiap, 3. "^116/] de iv ogfil^ ovtcavy oifi 
f^Xitp aviaxovti JjX'&e TlgoxXt-gy 6 Ttvd^gaviag ag^tav, yeyopoig ano 
/fafiagaTOv rov udaxoivogy xal FXovg 6 Tufioi. Ovtoi sXsyov ou 
Kvgog iilv teO^vtjxsVf 'Agicuog ds necf.svyag iv rtp aia&n^ eifj fuja 
rmv aXX(QV ^ag^dgonv o&ev ty ngotsgain dogfi^vjo ' yal Xiyoi o?« 
tavi^v fjiev T/jv rjfisgav ntgifjisiveuv iiv avTOvg, el fjifXXoisv rjxetp ' 
t^ de aXXi^ amivai qpa/;/ inl ^I<aviag, o&evneg tJX&s. 4. Tavra 

,ixomavtsg ol atgarriyol xai ol aXXoi EXXf]VEg Ragtag Scpegop. 
Klia^Xog de rdde elnep ' ^AXX mqieXa niv Kvgog ^v ' inei de t^ 
reXevrrjxev, anayyeXXere 'Agiaicp on tjfieT^ ye vixtafisp ^aaiXsa xa/, 
fag 6gaT€, ovd6)g en tjfup fidxerai ' xai el fir^ vfieig f/Xd^eTe^ ino* 
gevofie&a av in) ^aatXea. ^ EnayyeXXofJie&a de *y4giat(Pf iap ipd'ddi 
iX\hi, elg top 'Ogovov top ^aatXeiov xad^teip avjop ' rap yug riiP 
udxijp vixoivtoav xai to ugx^fP i<5ti 5. Tavt elnrnp anoareXXH 

'rovg dyyiXovg xou cvv avtoTg Xeigiaoifop top ^dxoapa xai 
Mivtava tov OertaXov ' xal yag avtog 6 Mivcav i^ovXsvo 
^p yog q}i2og xa\ JA«v ^Agiaiov 6 01 fiip ^yippto^ KXia^fj[iH 


LIB. I r. CAP. I. 39 

de TteQiefitvs, To de aTQUT£Vf.ia InoQi^ero altov otko^ idovaro 
BK Tap vTZO^vYicoVf KOTizovxEi; Toij,* ^ovg x«J ovovg ' ^iXoig 
5' ixQf^'J^o, f^MQOv nQo'iovxEg ano rrjg q^akayyog ov rj (jid)^Pf iytvetOf 
TOig ti oi'oToig TtoXXotg ovoiv, {ovg Tjvdyxa^ov ol EXXr^veg ix^dX- 
Xeiv jovg aitofjioXovvtag Traga ^aaiXtoDg,) xal Tolg ysQQOig . , 
uai talg ^vXivaig daniai raig Alyvnziaig ' TXoXXal de xal mXicu j 
xal dfia^ai ^aav cptQea&ai sgrjfioi ' olg naai igmfiavoi xgea expovrss 
tja&ior ixeivTjv i/jv rjfUQav, 

7. Kal ^dtj Tfi jjv negi nXr^O^ovcav dyoqav xal eQ^oviat TzoQa 
fia(7iXt<xig xai TiaaacphQvovg x^Qvxeg, oi fJisv aXXoi ^dq^oLQOi ' rjif di 
avTmv 0aXivog eig EXXr^v, og hvyxocvs naga Tiaaacpegvet, cS^ xal 
(vrifiiog fi/wf • xal yag TtgogEnoiuro iniGT^fiiov shai rcay d/icpl ^ 
td^uig re xal onXoj&txtav. 8. Ovroi de ngogeX&ovteg xou xaXiaav- ^ ^ 
teg rohg zcoy 'EXXi^voav ao'^ovrag Xtyovatv on ^aaiXevg xeXevei 
tovg "EXXrivag, enel vix^v tvyxdvei xal Kvgov dnixzove, nagadov- 
tag tfA onXa iovzag enl tag ^aaiXmg {^vgag evgiaxea&ai dv ti 
Hvviovzai dya&ov. 9. Tavza fisr elnov ol ^aaiXtosg xTJgvxeg ' ot 
di "EXXfjveg ^ageosg fiev f^xovaav, Sfzoag de KXeag^og toaovzov eJnev 
oti ov zmv vixdvzcov eiij td onXa nagadidovai ' ^AXXy ecprj, v/jielg 
piipf c5 dvdgeg atgazTjyoly tovtoig aTZOxgivaa&e o ti xdXXiatov ts 
xal dgiazov e^eze ' iym de avzixa ^|<». 'ExdXeae ydg tig avtof 
tmv vTtTjgetmVy ofzcog idoi td • iegd i^dgrjfieva ' etv^e ydg ^vo^evog* 
10. "EvOa'drj dnexgivato KXedpoog fiev 6 ^Agxdg^ ngeg^vtatog wr, 
ozi ngoad'ev dv dno&dvoiAf § td onXa nagddbtev ' Tlgo^evog de 
6 &qj^aXogy *AXX fym, equj^ <» 0aXive, &avijid^(o notega dg 
xgazoiv ^a6iXevg alzei td onXa rj mg did apiXiav dooga, Ei fiev 
ydg.dg xgazmVf ti del avzov aitHv, xai ,ov Xa^eiv iX'&ovza; 
ei de Tteiffag ^ovXetai Xa^eip, XeyJtoD ti eat at toTg azgaticozaigy edv 
avzcfi utvia xagiaoHiat. 1 1. Tlgog tavta ^aXivog elne ' Baai- 
Xevgj^it^M^ fjyeitai, inel Kvgov dnixzove. Tig ydg avz^ iazip 
ogzig trig dgxrig dvziTioiHtai ; N^ofii^et de xal vfidg eavzov elvaiy e^oiMf 
tp fiearj t^ eavtov X(^a xal notafio^p ivzog ddia^dzoDPy xal 7zXrj», ■ 
&og upd^gainoaf icp ifidg dvviuepog dyayelp oaop ovS ei Ttagejioi 
vcMjT. dvvouad^ dp dnoxtelvai • '• 

12 Iditd tovti^ QeonofAnog ^A^ip^cuog elne' ''Q <2>(|c>lMrc. 


vvv cog ah OQng 7]fiiv oidlr iaiiv ayui^ov ukXo el fiij onXa xai aQETTj, 
"OnXa fi£v ovv t^ovteg owfiex^u ay ,xui tij uqEtri y^Qriaiyai' na- 
()txd6yTtg-S' uv zavia y.ui icov aaizujiav azeQrid^Jjvai. Mrj ovv oiov 
tit jLioia ayaiya inxiv ovtu vfiTv naQaddaetV dXXa 6vv xovtoig xai 
ntQi. Twy vfiezfQOJv dyad^oov fiaxovfisO^a. 13, ^udxovaag ds ravta 
6 (I^aXivog iyeXaae hoi tlntv ' '^X)m (fiXoa6(j}(p filv iomag, « yea- 
t'/(7>(£, xal Xtyttg ova a^aQiaTa ' laOi fiivtoi df6i]tog cay, el oiei 
dv Tt]v vfieztgav dqex^v ntQiytvtax^ai zT^g ^aaiXtmg dwdfjiemg. '" 14. 
*'AyXovg de mag t(faaav Xtytiv vnojialdxi^biAtvoi^g (ag xai Kvgcp 
marol eyivovto x«J ^aaiXti y dv tioXXov d^ioi ytpoivroy el ^ovXcuo 
q)ikog yevia^^ai ' xal eite dlXo ri d^tXoi '^Qiia'&ai, en in Aiyvmov 
sj , j GTQateveiVy Gvyxazaatgtxpatvz* dv avz^), 15. 'Ev rovtcp KXi- 
uQiog f^xe xal r^oirr^aev el i^drj dnoxexQifjiivoi elev. ^aXivog 3* 
VTZoXa^ojv elnev ' Ovzoi fiev, oS KXiaQ^e, dXXog dXXa Xeyei • av 5* ^fuv 
elnl zi Xiyeig, 16. *0 S elnev* 'Eyoi ae, on ^aXTve, acfievo^ 
icogaicaf olfiai ds xal ol dXXoi ndvxeg [ovzoi\ ' av ze ydq *^EXXr]v el 
}ial ^f^eig, zoaovzoi ovzeg oaovg av oqag ' ev zoiovzoig de ovzsg 
nqdyiiaai avfjt^ovXev6fie{^d aoi ri iq)] noieiv neqi tav Xeyetg, 17. 
2v ovV, TiQog d^eav, avfA^ovXevaov iniiv o zi aoi doxei aaXXiazov xal 
aQiazov eJvai, xai b aoi zifirjv oiaei elg zbv eneiza j^qovov dvaleyo- 
(levoVf ozi 0aXiv6g noze Tiefiqj&eig naqd ^aaiXmg xeXevatiov zovg 
EXXrjvag za onXa nagadovvai avfi^ovXevoiievoig avve^ovXevaef 
avzoig zdde. Ola&a de ozi dvayarj Xe'yea&ai. ev zy 'EXXddi d df 
avu^ovXevaxig, 18. 'O de KXtaQXog zavza vmiyezo^ ^ovXofievoi 
xai avzov zov nagd ^aaiXtaog TiQeg^evovza av^^ovXevaai iiri noQa' 
dovvai zd OTzXay omag evtXTfideg fidXXov elev oi "EXXipeg, ^aXi^ 
vog ^ vTToazQtxpag natm z^v doiav avzov elnev code. 

19. 'Eyoj, el fitv zav f^vQioov iXnidcov fAia zig vfiiv eazi acnOtjvai 
noXtfiovvzag ^aoiXti, avfA^ovXeim fi/j nagadidovai zd onXa ' el di 
zoi ftijdeixia aoztiQiag eaz)v iXmg dnovzog ^aatXmg, avfifovXsvm 
aco^ta&ai vfiiv oni] dvratov. 20. KXeaq^og de nQog zavza elnev' 
*AXXd zavza fier dr] av Xeyeig ' naq ijfzmv de dnayyeXXs zdde, on 
xjfieig olofAbda, elfiiv dtdi ^aaiXel cpiXovg elvai, nXeiovog dv SJ^io^ ehm 
tpCXoi e^ovzeg za onXa ^ naqadovzeg dXXco' el ds deoi noXefietv, Ofuifm 
dv nol ^.[ieiv exovzeg td onXa ^ dXXqp naqadovzeg. 2\,' O dl 0aWo( 


LiB. II. CAP. II. 41 

line ' TavTU [uv drj anayyeXovfjisv ' aXXu huI tdde vfup BinBif 
ixiXsvaev ^aaiX€vg,ori fASfovai fjisv v(mv avTov OTiovdai ett^aaVf TtQoi" 
0V61 de aa] amovai noXBiiog, Einate ovv Ticu Tzegl zovrov tiotequ 
fuEvtiTs Hal GTZovdai Eiatv § ^S noXiiiov oviog ttuq vfiav UTiayyeXoo. 
22. KXsaQX9$ S" iXe^Ev ' 'AnayyeXXB loivvv xaJ ntQi toitov on 
ycul iinlv J air a donel Sltibq hcu ^aaiXei. Ti ovv tavz iativ ; ecptj 
6 0aXivog, 'AneKQivuto KXioLQiog ' ^^Hv fiev /ufVo/zcy, anovdai • 
aniovai ds xaJ Tz^oiovai TioXefiog. 23. '0 ds naXiv fiQcirtjaB* 
2^7Zovdag /} TioXefiov aTzaYyeXa ; KXiag^og 8e ravta naXiv am- 
xQirazo ' 2nQvjfai fisv fiivovaiv, aniovai ds ^ nQol'ovai noXefiog, 
TI da noiiqaoi oh dtsG^fiave. 

C A P. II. 

1. 0aXtvog (jiev d)] ^x^^^ ^^^^ ^'^ ^^^ avr^ 0» dt naga 
\AQiotiov Tj'AOv, IlQOHXijg Tiot XitQi^ocpog ' Mtvcav ^s avxov e/isfe 
naga 'AQiacq> * ovtoi ^ sXsyov on TzoXXovg cpatrj 'AgiaTog shcu 
IleQaag iavTOv ^eXriovg, ovg ovx av avaax^a&ai avrov ^aaiXevov- 
Tog ' aXX el ^ovJ.ea&e awamepai, tJksiv fjdrj HeXevei rijg vvxtog • ei 
de fAi]y aifzog nqm aniivai cpTjaiVf 2/0 de KXiuQ^og dnsv * ^AX"^ 
ovTO xoh ^oisiv^ iav fisv rlxoofiev, (Sgnsg Xsyete * el ds fi/j, nQatzerB 
onolov av ii vfiiv oirjaxys fidXiaza aviiq^EQeiv, 3. ti ds Tzoiijaoi 
ovde zovToig sins, Mara ds tavra, rjdri rjXiov dvvovrog, avynaXs' 
cog 70vg ctQairiyovg aa] Xo^ayovg sXe^e toidds ' 'Efio], ca dvdQegj 
'(^vofisvcp UvUi ini ^aaiXsa ova iyiyvero ia tsQa. Kal elxoroDg 
aga ovh syiyvsto. ^ §lg yyq iyos vvv nvv&dvoixait iv fitaqi jjfiwv 
xo! ^atJiXmg 6 TiyQrjg noiauog ian vavainoQogy ov ovx av dvvai- 
fie^a avEv ttXoiojv diu^qvai' nXota S ijiisTg ova s^ofiBv. Ov fisf 
dfj avjov ys fxevsiv oiov re ' ra yvcQ enmideia ovx eariv exeiv ' iivai 
di TiaQcc Tovg Kvqov cpiXovg ndvv xaXa Tjfiiv ra itUt-^i^' ^* ^^dB 
ow XQh ^oisTv ' dmovTug demvelv o re rig tj^a ' ineidav ds (^fj^^vi 
T(p xfQari (ag avanavead^aiy avaxevd^ea&e ' ineidav ds ro devtB" 
Qor, apatt'&sad'e em ra v7iot,vyia ' em ds rqy rqlrq^ mea&e ry '*• 
fl^WfiBVfPf tit fisv vTio^vyia e^ovreg nQog' r^v nora/jiov, ra di onXa 
t^m. 6 Tavra aKOvaavrac ol arQarr^jo] yai Xo^ayol ouiir(k 


dc9 xaJ inoiovv ovico' xai to Xoinhv o fifp r^QX^^t oi f inei^omo, 
ovx ekofiEvoi, akX bq^vreg oti fjiopog iqiQovei ola del top aQyopta^ 
oi di SXkoi oLTiEiQOi Ijaap. 6. *u4Qi^iiog ds tr^g odov ?jv tjX'&op *J 
*E(ptGOv JTJg ^laviag fisxQitijg f<«/^ff (jra^/xot rgelg xai ivvBvriTiop-' 
Tu, nuQaaayyai nivte aou TQidnopTa aai neptaxocioi, crabioi 
nepti'ixovra koi i^ani^lXioi xaJ fivgioi ' ano de trig f^uxV^ iXiyopto 
eJpai elg Ba^vXmra arddioi i^r^xopza Tioi toiaaoauu 

7. 'Eptevd^EP df^, inu cxotog sytveTO, MiXiOHv&fjg fisp 6 0^a|, 
i^oDp rovg re inniag tovg fJLt^ iavrov elg TettaQaxopra, xal zcw 
ne^ap 0QaHmp (og jQiaxoaiovg, rjitofiolt^qs ttqo^ BaaiXm, 8. Kli- 
aQXog ds roTg alXoig ^yeiio xata ta naQTiyyiXfispa, ol S* etnopto ' 
aal aqiixpovPTai elg top ttqcotop atad^fiop ttuqu \4Qiaiov xcu ttjp 
iaeipov CTQariap afiqil fisaag pvxrag • xai ip rd^si &efiepoi xa o- 
nXa avpijld^op ot OTQatriyo] xal Xox^yo] tosp ^E)Jkiqp(QV naqk 
*u4Qtaiop ' xai Afiocap ol t6 ''E).Xt]peg xaJ 6 ^AqiaXog xai imp 6vf 
avrqi ol xQaxictoi ix/jze TZQcddaeip dXXf^Xovg avfAfiaxoi xs loead^cu' 
ol de ^cLQ^aQoi 7ZQog(6fioaap xal riyi]cea{^ai a86X(ag, 9. Tavta S 
wfioaapf acpdiapreg ravQOP xai Xvxop aai xdnqop xal ngihp elg 
daTzida, ^dniopteg ol f^ep '^EXXr^peg l^iqiogy ol ds ^dq^oLQoi Xoyx^f* 
10. ^E7ie\ de ramaia iyspero, eiTtsp 6 KXiaqxog' "Ay^ dij, i 
Aqiaie, meiTreQ b avrog r-fJip atoXog iarl xal ifup, elni ripa 
ypoifi7]p ixeig tibqI trig noQeiag ' tiojbqop amiiep tjpTzeg i]X^o[At9 
rj aXXjjp ripa eppepoTjxtpai doxeig bdop xQeirtio ; 11. '0 5* elnep' 
^Hp fi€P iiXd^ouBP aniopreg ndpteg a.p vno Xifiov anoXotfjie'd'a • indgx^i 
yoiQ pvp Tifup ov8ep t^r Initrfiblmr, * Eniaxaidexu yaq cta-O^fiosp r&p 
iyyvidroo ol8e devgo lovrtg ex trig x^Qf^S ovdtp eixofisp Xaf/^apBtp ' 
h'^aS eiii t^p, yfjieig diuTiOQevofiepoi xatedanapi^tjetfAeP' Nvpf impo- 
ovfitp nogeiead^ai naxgotegap fiep, zap ^ imttjdeimp ovx anogi^oO' 
fiBP, 12. UoQevTeop S i/fjiip rovg ngdtovg ara&fiovg (og av dvpti- 
fiE^a fjiaxQOtdtovg, ha cog TzXeTaTOP anoGnaa&^iJiep rev ^aaiXoiw 
arQutevfiaiog ' ?}p yuQ ana^ dvo r/ tqiojp {jfiegmp bdop anocxfiuep^ 
ovx en uij bxptitai ^aoiXevg ijfAcig xaraXa^eiP. ^OXiytp fiip '^M 
■ GtQazevfian ov toXfii^aei eqjeneo'dai ' noXvp S extap ctoXom «4 
dvpfjaetai raxeojg TiOQevea&at ' lomg de xai tSp imtf^deimp mtiKmi 
TairtjVn iq>rj^ rijp ypawffp fjrw Ijwy*. .• ...•,.;i: 


W B. I T. C A p. 1 1. . 43 . 

13. ^Hv S avTTj rj Grqarriyia ovdsv aXlo dvvafitvT] i} anodgcivat 
5 anocpvytlv ri ds rvx/j icTQctti^yqaB xuXXtov, 'Enel yag rjfifoa 
iytvsrOy STZOQevovio iv de^ta iyovreg top ^]hov, Xoyi^OfiiEvoi ^^Ht. 
oifin f^licp dvvovti eig xoifiag t/Js* Bn^vXtoriag ydqag, Kou jovjo . . 
ulv ovTi ixpeva&rjaav. 14. '^Ezi de a/tiqpJ btlXriv tdo^av noXsjAi- J ^^ 
oiv ogap inmag ' tojv ts 'EXXrjrcov ol nrj irvxov iv raig td^eaiv v- 
optsg tig rag rd^eig id^eov, not, 'y^Qiaiog, (fVi7;fai'e yag i(jp dfid^rig 
jzogsvofievog dion ize'TgcoTO,) xara^ag id^tagaxiXsTO nat oi avt 
ttvrqi, 15. ^Ev ^ da ojttXi^ovto ?/xoy Xilyovreg oi ngonsfACfd^vtEg 
G'Aonoi oti ov]^ InnBig Eictr, uXXa vnol^vytu ttfiotto. Kai sv&ig 
Eyrooaav ndvitg oti iyyvg nov eargaroTTtdtveTO ^aatXevg ' nai yag . > 
xai annvoQ iq)aiveT0 iv ndfjiaig oh Trgoooi). 16. KXtug^Qg ds im 
ulv rovg TioXsfAiovg ovx ijysv (J5« yocg vji] aTTeigr^aoTag rovg \\, 
(jTgaTKorag not dairovg ovrag • 7/^7 di y.a] oxlJS tiv ') oi (dtrroi 
ov^ dntyiXive, q)vXaTt6fievog nrj doxoit] cpsvye^' alX ev&voogop ,,. ;,-l 
aycov ufia rrp ijXic^ dvofxtvcp elg tag fyyvTutco xoifiag Tovg Tigoitovg 
f^ojy xaTE6xi^v(06£Vf «5 coy bir'iQTiaaTO imo rov ^aatXiHOiT argaTEV" 
uccTog Tca] avzu ra ano r^v orAiwv ^vXa.^ll. Oi fiiv ovv ngoorot 
ofjiiog 7j^6mp tin iaTgaroTZEdevaavTOf ol 5' vartgoi anoraioi ngog^ 
tovreg ^g tTvyiavov Bxaatoi rjvXiXovTOy xal xgavym noXXrjv inoiovr 
KaXovvrsg aXXi^Xovg, rngjE xal Tovg noXEiiiovg dxdvEiv ' SgtE oi (jlep 
iyyi'caia rav noXEfiifov y,a] Icpvyov ex rojv GXTjVGjfidTmv. 18. z/^- 
Xov di Tovto T^ vGzegaia iytvEto • ovte yag vno^vyiov art ov88V 
irpdvrj OVTE GTgataTTfdov ovte xanvog oidafiov nXrjaiov. '£|fi- ^ '-•* • ' 
TiXdy/j di, cog toixE, not ^aGiXEvg rrj icpodqt rov atgarEvfiarog * idr^' 
Xoiae ds TOVTO olg x^ vcTEgala ETtgarTE, 19. Flgoi'ovafjg fiivtot ^ 
rljg vvxTog tavzijg xai roTg ''E),XTjai Cfo^og ifjimnTEi, xaJ {^ogv^og 
-aiii dovTTog riv olov Etahg qo^ov ifinEcovrog yiyvEoOai* 20. KXiag^ 
•^og de ToX(jiidr]v 'HXtTov, ov hvyiavEv E)^(av nag iavr^ xi^gvxa 
ngiffTOp T(5y tot^^-tovtov dvEinfTv (Ht),Evae aiyrjv xaTayitjgv^apra 
on ngottyogEyovaiv oi dgyovTEg, og dv rov dq^ivta tov orov Eig rir 
inXa fuyyvcTj, ozi XfjxpEtai (itiad^ov jdXavtov dgyvgiov. 21. 'ETist 
9) rapra ixtjgvx&f], ayvmauv oi argaTioirai on xEvbg n q)6^og elttj 
<mt4i^tfyovTEg aaoL "L^jua ds og&go) TTugrjyyEiXEv 6 KXEag^og elg 
flMpir^M Snla r/d^eaO^ai tovj "EXXrirag ^nsg elxot ire vv tj fidx^» J I 




1. OSe Sij ejfiaxl>a oil ^aaiXiivt t^mi-dyij iy iq)6Sci}, 7^S% S^Xc* 
r/f ' i{j iKV jofi n(ioaOiii y[itQ^ ntftniof ra OTika naqaOiSoiiiu 
ixtXtvs, joti S%uftn t;iiV araiilXQvti xijgvitai enefope tieQt aaot- 
bmv. 2. Oi'S inti JjJ.INu' nfioi lots aQO^vXanag, i^ijTovt toiis 
uQ^oi'tas. 'Emt d' aji^yytiXav ol it(ioq!iXaxBi, KXtuQxog n^^* 
t6t£ jag ra|eis imaxOTi^r dne toiV ugoqivXcil^i mX^in tbvs 
xi^pt'KKs fifQifefeit «/(?(;.■ tcy iTj;oiaaH. 3. 'Enil Si xatiutrfii to 
arQiittv/tu agtt; ej^uj' oQuaOai nurrtj tpuXayya avitfti*, rwt 
Ss .iofiXfop nrfihu xataifavri ihat, indXiae jovg ayyiXovg nai ai- 
cd^' IS TigoijX&e TOVi te tlo}i}.oj<i.'zovs t^^v nai tvEidsaTiirovg twr 
itfTov arftaiiioTwr, xtu roTe aXXotg ctqwuiyoig luviL itpQaaet. 
4. 'EjTii Ss ^ a^ae ^oTg ayytloig, aniQuia zt §oi).otvjo. 01 if 
sXtj'ov oil ne^ «RW3t3f "^xonv utdQeg oiriffff t'xcM'Ot eaofiai »« 
TE lOQa §aaiXsiat toTg EV.tiatr anayyiiXai xai tk thiqu Tur 'EX- 
XjiKur ^uatXit. 5. '0 Se uTttxQivato ' 'AnetyytkXtje vohvt avi^ 
ow ftayi}? Sit npwroc ■ aeKStov yaq ovu iattv ovSi 6 voXit^am 
mgt snopSav Xsyetv roTg EXXtjai ft>i ftoqlaag aqtatov. 6. Tuvtn 
uxovaavTsg ol uyysXoi dji>jXavi>ov, xat tjKOP zajv ' tg x«t S^Xof ^ 
oti iyjvg nov ^uaiXevg ip >j tcXXog tig c^ msihaxro tttvta ngdr- 
teiv ■ ihyov 8$ ori tixoxa Soxolai Xtyuv §aciXu, xat i^xouv ^e/td- 
vag ex'"'''^S ■>< avtOvSj ^"■i' «* anofSal ytvmvTcu, a^ovttw if&a 
t^ovai id inm'iSua, 7. '0 S ^qioicc ti tcvtoig 7oig dfSfdai 
anevSaito iolai kki dtiiovair, y xal roig d}J.otg laoirzo anOfSoL 
Oi Si, ndan, itpaaav, ftej^Qig av ^aaiXei ta aof! vftuv Sia^i^d^. 
8. 'Bnu de lavia iiaor, ftsraar^adiiEvog avzovs i KXia^ijOi 
rpovlevero' xai iSoxei tag anotddg noietaBai t«/u ?tal xatf 
ijavxiav fX&tlv is ml r« cmti/8sia xal XttPtif. 0. '0 Be KX4aa<K 
ehs ' j^oxsi fth xai iito'i ravTct ' oi fiEvroi taj^i ve ctn^nww, 
dXXci Starqnl'oj igt '«*> oxvi'iatoaiv oi uyyEXoi ii\ «!7oflo^ mS *W 
anorSui; noii'iaad&ai ■ oljial ye (tivtoi, efftj, ,, xn! i 
jtQaTtiaTaig tor uvxov (po^ov nageasa&at. 'Ene'i Ss 
tltcu, dn^yyEXXer oti nntvltnirn. xa\ tv^iic yyetaOai 


LIB. II. CAP. III. 46 

10. Kcu 01 fiiv Tjyovvro, KXtaQ'/og fiivroi inoqeveto rag fUP 
aftopdag ftoirjaoiJiErog, to ds G7Qdrsv[Aa fyoav iv idis' xai avtog-\ 
J« dnKjd^ocpvXdxei. Kal ivtzvyxavov rdcfQoig k«J avXoooiv vdarog 
TiXi^Qsaiv (ag fiij dviiita&ai dta^aifsiv avev ye^aQcjv ' dXX inoi* 
ovrto dia^daetg ix zav cpotvixcov, o1 Jjaav i^niif^xoTegf tovg da 
xat i^SKontov. 11. Kal ivtftv&a tjv KXeaQxov\atafJiad^tTv mg 
ine<srdtEi, iv fisv ttJ agiorsQ^ ji^eiQi to dj^ fXJ^v, fV d« zj/ de^ia 
^axTt^giav xal bi rig avr^ doxoirj r^if^fiQog tovto lejayn^vtov 
^XaxEvaiVj ixXeyofievog tov eTnti^deiov ettcucsv av, xai af^a avtog 
rtQogeXdfA^aviv ng top TifjXov ifA^aivcov Sgrs naaiv ai<5%vvriv 
tilvai fjtij ov av67tovdd^eiv, 12. Kai itdj^dr^aav fjtev nqog aviov oi ^ .- 
ZQtdxovra hrj ysyovQreg' insl de xal KXeag^ov ecoQOJv C7TOvSd^ovT€tf 
TiQogsXdfz^avov xal ol Ttgso^vreQOi. 13. TIoXv ds iiaXXov 6 KXia^- 
jpg scTTSvdeVy vnontavcuv firj del ovtoo TzXrjQSig shai rag tdcpgovs 
vdarog' (ov yag ijv Sgu oia to TTsdiov dg^Eiv]) dXX ivoi ifiq noX- 
Xa ra anoga ngocpaivoito ToTg "EXXrjaiv eivat, eig ttjv nogeiap, 
rovrov tvsxa ^aciXta vndnTevev in) to Trediov to v8(og aqf^miv(/Li. 

14. Uogevofievoi de dcpfxovTO elg xci^ag, od^tv dmdei^av ot 
T^afAOveg Xafi^dvetv to, mitrfieic^, 'EvTjv 88 aiTog noXvg xal oJvog 
qiOivixtav xat oiog ixpi^rhv aTZO rcoy avrcoy. 15. Avtou de at 
^dXavoi Tmv cpomxcov, oiag ^iv iv roTg ^EXXijmv Fartv i8eiv, toTg 
olxiraig dmxBivro ' al ds roTg dsanoTaig dnoxslnsvai tjaav dno 
Xextoiy 'd'aviidmui to xdXXog xal to fisysO^og ' rj ds oxpig riXixTgov 
Qvdsv disqiegs ' Tag ds rivag ^i]gaivovTeg rgayi^fiaza dnsTi&saap, 
Km i]v xai naga norov rfiv fisv, xscpaXaXysg ds> 16. 'EvTav&a 
xai tov syxsfpaXop tov cpoinxog Tigmrov scpayov ol atgaTimTaiy xd 
01 TToXXoi id^avfiaaav to te eldog xal rrjv IdtorrjTa Trjg rjdovTjg. ^Hv ■ ■ ' 
ds cqjodga xal tovto xscpaXaXysg, 'O ds q)om^ od^sv sJ^aigsmiri o 
iyxfcpaXog oXog avaivsro. 

17. ^Evravd^a Ifisivav, ^fisgag Tgeig' xal naga f^sfatH^ 
SaatXmg tjxs Ttdltfacps'gvrjg xai 6 Tr^g ^aaiXitag yvvaixog ddiXqiog 
xoi SlXoi UsgtjjBLi rgsTg* dovXoi ds noXXoljj^mo, '^tteI ds dnnv* 
Tt^ar avToig oi rmv 'EXXrivoiv CTgaTtji^^^mys ng^Tog Twaa* 
tpifj^fig di iQfjtiretog roidde ' ^^^ 

18. • 'E'fmf & avdgsg "EXXrivsg, ysizmf oixoi Ty *EXXddi * xai 
mu vfiSg^fJISof eignoVia xaxa xaldfi^ava ff<7r€9it<ox6tfic,E\)qY)yi«i 


v.^'fl ■•* 


iTioirjGoifiriv ei nmg dvpaiixrjv nuQa ^aaiXicog aiTTjaaad^M dovpcu 
1*01 aTEoamaai vyLag tig 7t]v 'EkXd^a, Ofyai yaq av ovk aiaqi' 
arcag noi e^etv ovre ngog vfjiav ovre nQog tijg *E)J.ddog andarfg* 

19. Tavra di yj^g xi^oviiriv ^aai).ta, Xfyosp avroi on dixaimg if 
fioi yaqil^oiro, oti avr^ Kvqov te inia.Qutevovra TTQOJZog tjyyeika 
xa! ^ori&butv Ijfoav a[Aa ry dyyeXin dipixofjit^v • not uovog imp xara 
Tovg "EXXtjvag Tezayfitvmi^ovn eqvyovy dkla di/jXatJu xal awtfii^a 
^aoiXti ip 7(1) vfABTtQm fnguTOntdcpf tvd^a ^aadtvg dcpUeto inei 
KvQOP antjiTeipe. Kal tovg ^vv KvQcp ^uQ^aqovg fSim^a gvp 
roigde tolg 7taQov6i pvv fjisr ifiov, oinnQ avt^ eiii niatotaxot. 

20, Kai TTSQi (ih tovkov vniay^Bto fioi ^ovlevaaa&ai ' sgeaOai 
ds ^8 vfiag exelevGBP i}M6vru tlvog tpexsp icFTgarsvaaTS in' avzov, 
Kal avfi^ovXevm vfiTv fiBTQicog dnoxQivaoOai, tva fjioi tvTiQaxtors- 
QOP XI idv 71 diroDfiai dyaOhv vfuv naQ avrov diafTQdiua&at, 

21. TlQog 7av7a fASzaaravTeg ol '^EXXtjpsg i^ovXe,voP70' xai 
aTzexQipapro, K)JaQy^og d ' eltytr ' 'Iffing ovze (tvpi^X{^o/ji,£p dtg 
^amXel 7ioXt[Ai^60PZ£g ovz BTzoQevofiEOa irti ^aGiltw dXXa nol- 
Xag 7TQoq)dae(g KvQog eiQiaxev, cog xal av sv ola&a, ha vfidg t« 
djiaQaaxEvdatovg 7,u^oi xa) Ijfidg hO^dde dvaydyoL 22. 'Enti 
(ASP701 fjdi] avzop io)Qa>iitv iv damj^ ovza, tjaxvp&rjfiep xal Osovs 
nat dp&Qoinovg ngodovpai avzor, h tqj nqoadep ygovcp Tzagey^of' 
reg ^fj-ag aizovg ev nntth. 23. 'Enti ds Kdfgog ttdvi^xep, ovtt 
^aaiXei dpzmowvfXhOa zl^g dgyjig ovi eazip 070v trtxa ^ovXotfie& 
UP 7i]p ^aaiXitog y^mgap xax^g noitiv' ov8' aizop dnoxzeTpai a$ 
i&sXotf*ep, fzogsvoifie&a d* av oixadt, ei teg Tjf^cig fiq Xvnoiq' adh 
xovfza fjieP70i Tzeigaaofif&a avv loig deoTg afivpaa&ai ' iitp fjieptoi 
Tig riiidg xai ev ttoiojp vtzuq^^) xal zovtov tig ye dvvafitp ovj^ V^^^ 
GOfAS&a £v Tzoiovpteg, '0 fjih ovz(og eJjztp, 

l24. '^xovaag de 6 Tiaaacpfgpfjg tcptj' Tavza iym anayytH 
^QtXei xai vfup rzdXtv ta nag fxeirov ' f^^XQ^ ^' ^^ ^^ V^^ ^ 
anovdal fiepopjojp' dyogap ds IjfieTg rzagtiofisp, 25. Kal ng fU9 
Trjp v67Egaiup oix *?jjj{^ wtf^' oi "EXXt^veg icpgopzi^op * t^ ds rgit^ 
i^xoip sXeyep 07i l^^mayiitvogr^xoi nagk ^a6iXi<og dodiypia 
av7^ G(6^siv Tovg jB^pp;, xaineg ndvv 7ZoXX(ap dpziXeyovrmf ii 
oix a^iop eirj ^aaiXsT Aqieipat tovg icp iavtop QtgatBvaafunwg' 
26. Tikog i* elne ' Kal pvp e^B^jip vfuv maza XafieTp tHtq ^fim | 

LIB. II. CAP. IV. 4/ 

WJ9 qtikiaf naQt^Eiv vfup rr^p x^Q^^ ^^^^ ddoXcog^Bip sig riff 
EkXadUy dyoQav naqt^^vtag* onov S dv (jiq ^ TiQiaa&ai, lufi* 
Sdveiv vfidg in irjg xtoQag id(JOfitv rd iTiizrjdbia, 27. 'Tfidg 
S av rjfiir Ssqaei ofioaai t] ia.}jv noQBvasa&ai cog did cpiliag daivmg, 
aizu 'Aoi 7107 d Xafi^dvovtagf bnotav firj dyogdv naQtx(»fiev * //» 
di 7ra(trx(>3fi8v dyogdv, mpovfieyovg e^stp rd imz/jdtuc. 28. Tavra 
tdoie ' KftJ miioaav xaJ Seiidg sdoaap Tiooxqtiqpqg xaJ 6 trig ^aaiXmg 
ywavAog ddelcpog roig t^v' E),Xi]P(ap aTQattjyoig xal XoxnyoTg aal sXa- 
%v ncLQd rmp 'E).Xi]v(ap. 29. Mszd ds ravia TusGacpigprig eiTre ' 
Nvv fji^p dfj dneiiii (og ^uaiXsa * ijrsiddp de diaTZQa^oDfiai a deofJMi, 
ijjflo cvaxEva6dfispog cog dTid^cop vfidg elg Tr^v 'Elldda xal avtoQ 
imdiP im rrjv ifAuvrov dgx^v. 

C A P. I V. 

1. Merd ravza TTSQisfievop TinaacpigpriP ol re ^EkXtjvBg xou 
*j4QiaXog, eyyvg dXX^Xmv iffzQaTOTTsdevfisvoi, ijfjisQag TtXsiovg ^ ' 
%!}iO<5iv. 'Ep di tavtaig dcpMVovptai TTQog ^Aqiuiop xaJ oi dl^eXypot 
}iou 01 dXXoi dpayaaioi, hoI Twog^rovg gvp ixeipcp Tlsqamp tivsg^ 
TtaQa&aoQvtopttg re xa) ^fe|«aj spioi Tiagd ^amXsmg dDSQOPieg fjitj 
fivi^amaxriaeip ^aaiXea avroig tTjg (Jvp Kvqc^ imazgdzeiag, fttidi 
aXXov (ji/]8€vog rmv TiaQOixofispojp. 2. Tovzmp da yiyvofiip^v 
BpdtjXot Jjaap ol TreQi. top '^qiuTop ^ttop TtQogsxopteg joig EXXti<n 
top vovp' (ogzs xaJ tovzo ro}g jiep noXXoig t^p ^EXXi^pcdp ovx 
7JQe(jx84f, dXXd TTQogiovTsg t^ KXedgxoy iXfyov xai roTg dXXoig azQU' 
ttjyo^y 3. Ti fisvofiEP ; ij ovh imazdfied^a ozi ^aai)^vg Tjfidg 
aTtoXiffai av neqi naptog Tzoitjcjaizo, im xaJ zoTg dXXoig ''EXXfj<ji 
(po^pgvi^^t ^(^(ytXta fityap azQazsvsip ; ^Kal pvp fitprjfidg vndyezai 
lAbPEiP 9id to dieanaQj^ai avzc^ to atgdtevfia ' ineiddv de ndXiP y 
dh<s(y7i avz^ ij azqazidy ovx sazip oncag oix im&r^ffetai rjfuv, 4. - / 
*lhmg bi nov ri dnoGxdnzei ti rj UTZOzetx^^siy wg aTzoQog ^rj odog. 
Ov yd(} nozB ixoip ye BovXi^aetai rjfidg iX^ovtag slg tr^p 'EXXdda 
OTfayypVMi. log ijimgy toaoi^e optsg, fpix^fiev r^v ^aaiXbtog dvvufup 
ill Tcug OvQaig avtov xa). xazecysXdoapzsg am^X&ofier* ^ 

5. KXiftQjog si dnEXQivazo toig ravza Xiyov6iv* ^Eyco iv^v 
fmiftm Kfif xai ravra ndrza ' ippo^ 9e on el rvp antfut^ ^o^o^ 


int rzoXtfAcrt anitvai 7(ai nuQU rug GTiordag noieTv, "^Eneira ttqA- 
tov fiiv ttjOQuv ovdeig ;Tanf^£i Ijuh'y old' otto &6V BTTioitiovfit&a' 
^v{^ig di 7jyt]a6fi£iog aid tig tarui ' xai una tavta Tioiovrrmp 
fffA^v evOhg ^-iQiatog aqpi(Tr)J|£t • wgze epilog t^fth' ov8e}g Xelsixps- 
tatf aHri xa) oi nQoalftv ovtsg no)Jfitoi l^fAiv taovrai. 6. TIoTa- 
fiog ds tt fin' ztg xal uXlog uqci t) far Fan 8iu^arhog, ova o28a' top 
d* ovv EvcfQat^r loutv on advrarov bia^livai iioaXvovntip ttoIb- 
fiicov. Oh nh 5//, UP fiuxeaOui ye 5f{/, ifiTieTg elaiv TjfAiv GVfifiaxoi* 
toav de TtoXtfAiGJv iTiTieTg tlaiv ol TiXeifjToi nut nXelajjpv uhot ' mgn 
viHmTeg fiiv riru uv UTTOxreiyuifitv ; tjTtoofitvmv de fitjv ovdewa 
olop re GO)(}i^rai. 7. 'Eyo) fth ovv ^aaOJa, qt noXXa ovToag icji 
ru avftuuxuy eineQ nQoOviieirui ijiug uTzoleaaty ovh olda o ri da 
avrbi' ofiuGui aui dt^iuv dovvai x«i {^tovg BTztogxTJaui xui ra iav- 
tov TTiaru uTxictu notJ^aui ElXr^ai re xu] ^uQ^uQOig. Toiavza 
fzoXht tXeyev. 

8. 'Ev ds rovrcp /,x€ Ti(y(Tuq}tQrr;g f)^(op rr]v eavzov dvvafitp, 
(Oi elg oIaov ilnimv, xui 'OQovrug rijv iuvrov dvvafjtiv' tjye di 
Hal rrjp ^vyurfgcc rijp ^aatXtojg In). yufACih 9. 'Eprtv&ev de l^dii 
TiaaacfbQvovg iiyovfitrov 'auI uyoQuv nuQ^iovrog enoQevovto' ino- 
gevezo de xul *u4Qiuiog, ro Kvqov ^uq^uqixov ej^oup crQcirsvfia, 
cifia TiaaacpiQvti xai 'Oqipza xai ^vreaTnaronedevezo avv eW- ,./ 
roig. 10. Oi de '^EXXr^teg vefogmpzeg rovrovg avrol i(p iavrwt 
sj^oigovp ijyefiopug e^opreg. ' EozQuronedevovro de ixafrzOTS ini' 
Ifovteg aXXiJ.fap TzuQuadyytjp Tiut fieTot' iq^vXdzzopTO de aficporeqiH 
mgTieQ fzoXefiiovg uXXriXovg, xul evOvg rovro vnoxplav naQBiiiK 
11. ^Epiore de xat ^vXi^dfiepoi fx rov avrov xai loorov xac Sl^Xo, 
roiuvru avXXeyovreg nXrjug evhmov uXXit]Xotg* rngze xal rovto 
iyi^&Qav nuQeXyie. 

12. /lieXdovreg de rQeig araOfWvg uqiHorto nqog ro Mf^dittg 
KuXovfASVov reliog, xui TtUQtiXd^ov elota avrov. Hp de (^xodoiirnutw 
nXiv^oi^ OTtjcug ip a(7q)uXrfp xeifitvatg, evQog eixoat Ttodmr, vxpog di 
ixat6p ' (jtl^xog ds eXtyezo ehui eiixoat nuQaaayy^p ' antTxs dts Ba^v^ 
X^pog oi noXv. 13. ^Evrevdev d' inoQevi^tjaav GtaOiiovg dvo na- 
^aadyyag oxroi ' xai du^r^GUP dirnQv^ag dvo, ri]p fisp en\ y^qtvf^, 
rijv d' i^evyfisptip nXoioig snrd' {avrai de ijaap ano rov Tiyip^^ 
trora/Jioi* xatitnfirivjo'di i^ avrmv xou rdqiQOi im ripf ^rfflNifM 

• ■ •■> 

LIB. II. CAP. I r. 49 

fti9 giQmrcu fteYoXai, meita 8' iXdztovg * ziXog ^e xai ^MtQoi oj^f- 
rot, mgneQ iv zj 'EkXddi im rag [lEXivug *) xai acptxvovpiai inl 
zov TiyQtita Tiorafiov * nqog <p nohg ^v lisydXi^ xal noXvivjygvmog 
jl opoua 2^irdxrjy amxovaa tov norufiov aradiovg nsptexaidsxa, 

14. Oi fcff ovv ElXrjpeg ticlq avr^v iaxi^voaaav iyyvg TtagadeiGOv 
tuydXov xal HctXnv aai daaeag navjoitov dsvdQmv' ol de ^dg- 
^aQQi dta{ie^/]x6reg tov TiyQtjra ov (liyioi aaraqiavug rjaaf. 

15. Met a de to detnvop itvjjov iv nEQtndjq^ ovreg tiqo tmr onXmp X- 
TlQo^evog xai Ssvocpoiv • xal 7iQogek&mv av&QODTtog rig riQuirijae rovg 
ngoqfvXaxag tzov av idoi Ugo^evov ^ KXeagj^ov, Msvoava de ovx 
i^^rei, xai tavza naga '^giaiov cSy tov Mivmvog ^evov. 16. 
'Enei de Ugo^evog eJTzev on Aviog eifii ov tjireig, elnev 6 dvd^gmTiog 
fciSs ' "Enefirpi fie ^AgiaXog xa\ ^Agrdo^og, TTiatoi ovreg Kvg<p, xai 
iffup ewotf xai xe}.evov<ji (jpvXdrrea&at fifj vfiTv STZtd'oivrai rijg vv- 
xrog 01 ^dg^agoi ' eari de atgdtevfia noXv iv rtp nXrjalov nagadeiao^ 
17. Kai naga rrjv yeq)vgav rov TiygrjTog norafiov Ttifixpai xeXevovai 
q)vXaxr^v, (ag diavoehai avriiv Xv6ai Tiaaaqjigvrjg rtjc vvxrog, fjv^ 
neg dvvrjrai, (og firj dia^ijre, dX)! iv iiiao^t dnoXrjq^iliqre rov rtorafjiov 
xai rtjg dicigv^og. 18. 'Axomavieg ravta ayovGiv avrov naga ^" 
tov KXeagxov xai cpgd^ovaiv a Xeyet. 'O de KXeagxog dxovGccg 
itagdx^V. (^(fodga xai iq}o§etto. 19. jVefitvicxog de rig^ rmv na- 
govtmv ivvofiaag elnev cog ovx axoXovd-a eirj to inid^iqaea&ai xoi 
Xvaetv tijv yecpvgar. JijXov yog oti iTiisti&efievovg ij vixav dei^ast 

5 fjtraa{yat» *Eav fiev ovv nxdotfti ri dei avtovg Xveiv rrfv 
riq)vgav ; ovdi ^yag av noXXai yecpvgai oaaiv exoifiev av onoi cpvyov- 
''eg rifieig acn'&mfjiev, 20. 'Eav If av ^fietg vixm/jievy XeXvfuvijg 
rtjg yefpvgag ovx e^ovmv ixeivot Snot qivymatv ' ovde firjv j3ojy^5" 
nai noXXmv ovtcov mgav ovdelg avtotg dwqGetai XeXvfievijg rijg 

21. 'Axovaag de o KXeagxog ravta iqgeto tov dyyeXov noatf 
rfe Bit] X^Q^ V **' wwQ> ^0*' Tiygtjtog xai tijg dioigvxog, ' O di 
tJntp ott noXXii xai xojfiai eveusi xai noXeig noXXai xai fieydXai. 
22. Tots dfj xai iyvda^ij oti oi ^dg^agoi tov av&gosnov vnonefi- 
tpauv, oxvovvreg firj ol '^EXXrjveg dieXovteg ti]v yeqivgav favoiBp 
iv ff rfjcfp, igv^ata ix^vteg ev^ev fiev tov Tiygijra, evdtp 

fc t^ A»{^v{a' ta 9* imti^deta exoiev ex r^g iv (iiap^ x^Q^ 




noXXtji' xai aya&tjg ovqti^ xai rmv BQyaaouiv&iv ivortof ' elta 8i 
xaJ aTtoatQOqjr^ yhoito, ei tig ^ovXoiid ^actXea xanmg noiaXv, 
23. Met (I tavra dveitavovTO' inl fiivroi tijv yicpVQav ofitog 
(pvXa'AT^v Inefixpav* Km ovre STzsO'ero ovdeig ovdafio&ev ovre ngog 
zrjv yi(pvQav ovdeig rjlO^s rmv TioXefiitav, tog ot qivXartovtBg anr^- 
yeXkov. 24. ^ETieidij de smg iysvero, dis^aivov tijv yicpvQav, afev- 
yfitvtjv TzXoioig iQiaaovra nou mra, mg olov re iiiXusta nsqivXa' 
vfjikvoog ' s^i]yyeXXov ydg tivsg tmv naga TiGGa(piqvovg 'EXXrivam 
fhg dm^aivovttov fisXXoiev midricJBC^ai, *AXXa ravta fxer xpevdij 
qv dia^aivovTtav fievTOi 6 FXovg avroig insqidvi] fjiet aXXfOf 
aaoTzmv el dta^aivoiev rov TiorafAOv ' inu di eJdsv, ^'^eto amXav' 


25. '^710 ds tov TtyQTjtog STzoQevd'rjaai' arad^fiovg rtrraQOi 
naQaaayyag e^^^ogiv im tov ^vaxov rfot^jAov, ro evgog nXid^gov 
BTZijv di yeq)VQa. Kal ivtavd'a qtxsTro TioXig fieydXtj, ^ ovofia 
^^nig ' TiQog tjv dni^vTtjas roTg "EXXt^aiv 6 Kvqov xai 'Agza^sQ^ov 
ro&og ddeXq)ogf dno Hommv xaJ 'Ex^atdvoitv atQatiav nolXfff 
ay tov (ag ^orjd^riaoav §aaiXeT' ycal iTtKjti^aag to iavtov GTQarevfM 
naQBQXofisvovg tovg "EXXTjvag i^emQEt. 26. '0 ds KXiaq^oi 
rjyEiTO usv Etg dvo, moQEVEto ds aXXote xaJ aXXore iq)iatdfuvog. 
^Oaov S [ay] iQorov to rjyovfiEvov tov aTQarevfiatog inuntjcBUf 
toaovTOv Tjv dvayxrj )[q6vov dl oXov tov atQatevfxatog yiyvsa&ai 
trjv imty7 i'Mv ' (^gtE to atgdtevfia hoi avtoig toTg ^'EXXtjai dol^ou 
TtdfiTZoXv eJvui xaJ tov niqariv EKnsnXri^&ai ^Efaqovvta. 27. *&• 
' tev&Ev ds ETiOQEv&t^aav dia ttjg Mr^diag cra^fAOvg SQ^fAovg IS 
Ttagaadyyag tgidxovta eig tag UaQvadtidog xoifiag rijg Kvqw 
xa] ^aaiXicog firjtQog, Tavtag Tiacyacpsgvtjg Kiqcp meyyeX&f ^i- 
aQnd<5ai toTg "EXXrjciv sniiqs^pE nXt^v dvdQanodtav. ^Evijv de eites 
aoXvg xai ngo^ata xa aXXa igrnAara, 28. 'Evtsv&ev f ifiOQW' 
{f-Tjaav (Sta^iAOvg sgrmovg ttttaQag nagaadyyag efxoci tov Tiyg^a 
notafiov Ev aQiatsga exovtsg. 'Ev ds t$ ngaorip ata^fu^ mgar tw 
notafiov TioXig (pxBito fJieydXn xa\ evdaifim ovofta Kmrai^ «5 9* 
91 pagpago' dilfyov im cxsdlaig dup^Bglvdigagtovg^ ^t^^^s ^Ihm 

1 ■ 

'^IB. II. CikP. V 61 

CAP. V. 

Mera tavra aqiixvovptai im rov Zd^atov fgoTafic^, tc evgog 
t§t TOQiOf TtXi&Qtav. Kai ivTavO-a e/Jieivav tjfjiBQni; i^ety. ^Ev dl 
tavttug vTioxpiai fiev tjcav, cphpSQU d* ovdsfita icpaivero ifn^ovXi^. 
2. Edo^sv ovv t^ KXedg^cp isvyyEvia^ai t^ TiaaacpsQvei xcu, ei nm^ 
dvPCUTOy Ttavaai tag vnoipiag, nqh «! avrviv noXefiov ysvbo&ai • 
Hdu tn^nxpi ripa igovvta oti <Tvyysvsa&ai avt^ ZCSS?** *^ ^* *^o«- 
fioag fxsXevaev tjnEiy. 3. 'Eneidtj ds avvJjX&ov, Xtyei 6 Kh'uQxog 
r(ide • '^/cl, CO Tiaaaqiigvii, olSa fiiv rifiiv OQxovg ysysvrjfiEvovg xai 
ds^' ag dedofisvag fit] adixijceiv aXXi^Xovg ' cpvXaTTOfjtEvov dsat re ogoi 
tog TioXefJiiovg rifiag' xcu rjfJieTg OQavreg Tavra avTi(pvXatt6fiB&a. 
4. ^Etibi di axoftmv ovdsv dvvafiai ovre as aiad^ta&ai netQoifjtsvof 
^fiag xojCfiic Tioutv, iyd te aaqi^g oJda on ruiEigys ovS* mivoovnev 
TOiovTOP oifdev, sdo^s fioi eig Xoyovg coi iXxftiv, oncog si dvvaifisO'a 
i^sXoi^v aXhjXo3v rrjv amatiav. 5. Ka) yaq olda ijdrj av^qmnovg^ 
tovg /Jisv ix dix^oXijg, tovg ds xal i^ vno\piag, oi cpo^tjd^svTsg dX- 
li^Xovg, cp^daai ^orXofisroi ngiv na&sXv, inoirjaav avj^xsara xaxa 
Tohg ovts fjtsXXovTag Qvt cfv ^ovXofisvovg ToiovTov oidsv. 6. Tag ovp 
TOiavrag dyviafioavvag vofil^oop awovaiaig fuiXiaTa av navsa^aiy 
5x00 xai didd(jxsiv as ^ovXofiai cog av ruiiv ovx og&^g dniatsig, 
7. JlgoaTOv fisv yag xal fisytatov, ol {^smv ogxoi Tjfidg xooXvovt^i, 
noXsfilovg shdi dXXriXoig • ogrig ds tovrmp avvoidsv avt^ TragTjfjiB' 
Xrixoig, rovTOv iym ovttot av svdai^oviaaifAi, Tov yag&smv tzoXs- 
iwv ovx olda ovT dno 'Ttoiov av rdxotfg q^Fvyoav rig dnocpvyoi^ ovx 
Bii noXov av axozog dnadgair/, ov& onmg av slg Jyiygov x^glot 
xifhtAw^ ndvrrj yag ndvza toTg {^solg vno^a xa) Travraxtj ndv* 
ttov laov 01 '&so) xgarovai. 8. Usq). fisv drj roov ^smv rs xal rm 
ogxccfv ovrm yiyvoiaxoD, nag oig tjfisTg t^v qnXlav avv&sfisvoi xats* 
^tiu&a '. Twy 8s dv&gmmvtov as by toys fv rc^ nagovn vofii^ia 
pd^unov tJvai fjfuv dyad^ov, 9. 2^vv fth ydg ao] ndaa fisp tjfuf 
odog stTtogog, nag ds nor af tog dia^azhg, rmv 3* intttjdsimv ovx 
itnogia' avsv 5s aov ndaa fisv did axorovg fj bdog' ovdsv yag 
wt^q inurrdfied-a nag ds norafiog dvgnogog, nag f oxXog (po^sgog • 
fofitftifatop If igiifiia * fiearij ydg noXXl^g dnogiag iariv. 10. El 

.,. / 

62 EXPEDITIO CThi. .' 

di dij /iut fiavtpitg cs KazaHteif'aifjiev, akXo ii af ^ %ov Bisi^yittft 

xarwxraWiTfcv 7i{)og ^aaikia tok {liyictov iq)edQOv ^yxovJCoifu&a ; 

Oacov ds bq y.u} oiodp uv iXmbmv ifjiavzov aregi^aUifiiy ei ad ti xa» 

xov fntitiQi'i^ajiii ftoiEiv, tavra }J^(o. 11. 'Ey^ yag Kvqop i/re&v* 

fiqad fioi q>i),ov ytrea&ui, vofAJ^cov rav tois txavoitatov elvou ii 

noikiv OP ^ovloiTo. 2^1 ds vvv oqm zjyy re Kvqov divafuv nou 

X(>J(jup t)^ovTa xai r^f oeuvtov aQX^J^ aoi^ovta, ri^v Se ^ttfftXmg 

divafAiv, y KvQog Tiolefuct fXQ^'^o, aoi tavztjv avfifiaxov ovaav, 

12. TovTtav df TOiovTODv ovtcov, . tig ovxm naiverai ogrig oi 

^ovXtTui aol epilog elvai ; ^AXXa fi^ijVj (f^w yag ycal ravza i^ m 

t'/co ilTiidag xai oe ^ovX/^aea&ai (piXov Tjfuv ehar) 13. olda fuf 

yag vjuv Mvaovg hjTttjgovg ovtag^ ovg vofii^oa av ahv rj Tiagova^ 

bvydfAei laneivovg v/uv nagaa^uv ' olda ds xal Uemdih^^ axova 

da .xal aXXa i&vrj TZoXXa roiavta aJvai, a oJfiai av Ttavcai ip<h 

XXdvvxa at] ry vfiarega Evbaijiovia, Atyvnriovg de, otg fidXunet 

'j/xug vvv yiyvoiaaoi} tB&vfzmixsvovg, ovx 0()c5, Tioia dvvdfisi avfifAOXip 

igt]G.ii4,evoi, fA, aXXo v av yioXj^aec&s z^g vvv 6vv ifiol otfcvg. ] 14. 

/4XXa ur^v ev ye toigTzigi^ oUovai av, ei fih §ovXoi6 icpqpiXojs €?f,rt*» 

dog niyiazog av ei/jg, el ds rig ae XvTtolt], dg deaTzozfjg avaffig'scpoio 

^ I;f03y fjimg vTrrjgszag, ol <JOt ovx av tov fiiad^ov evexa fiovov vntige- 

^ toTuevy aXXa xal Tjjg ^dgirog rjv aoo^evteg vno cov ao\ av exoifiBt 

dixalmg. 15. '£JmoJ fiev di] zavta ndvza iv^vfiovfisvip ovrm dom 

{^aviiarszov ehai to ae rjfuv anicrelv eagre xai Tjdiar av dxovaaim 
Tovvofxa tig iariv ovrm deivog Xs'yeiv (ogte ae neXaai Xtyoav cog lifietg 

coi ini^ovXevo/iev. KXiag^og fiev ow roaavra eJne ' Ttaaaq^egrqg 

8e cade dnrjfielq,d'i]' 

16. ^AXX ijdofjiat fitty (o KXeag^s, axovmv ffov cpgovluovg Xoyovg 

ravta yag ytyvoiaxoav ei n efiol xaxov ^ovXevoigy afia Ir )wi doxng 

xal (T«vTQ) xaxovovg eJvai, 'Sig ^ av fiad'xig ozi ov^ av v^eT^ 

dtxalmg ovre (iaailel ovr efAol dmarolfjre, dvrdxovanv. 17. El 

yag v/iag f^ovXi^e^a dnoXiaaiy noregd aoi doxovfiev i7^7z/(ov nh]- 

^ovg dnogeiv ^ nel^mv i] onXlcecogy ev y vfiag pisv ^Xdrtreii' \xavo\ 

etJj(jiev av, dvriTzdaxsiv de ovdetg xlvdwog ; 18. 'AXXa y/agiffov fm- 

^rjdeloov vfiiv initl&ea&ai aTZogeiv av aoi doxovfiev ; Ov roaavra 

uiv Ttedla rjfjuv q^iXia ovra avv tioXX^ Tzovcp diaftogevec'&s, roaeSta 

la Sgi] Vfuv ogare ovra nogevrea, a rjfuv e^ecri ngonatptl gj^fifji 

LIB. II. CAP. V. (y 

S$90Qa vfuv^TroQsx^iv ; toaovroi de e iVi TiorafAolf i(p £9 e^etmp rjfuf 
Totfukveihai OTioc^oig av vfimv ^ovXoifie&a /idxead-ou ; Elai f av- 
rooj^ ovg ovf av nartanoiai dia^airjTs, el fi^ tjfjiaig vfiag bianoQBV' 
oifier, 19. El ds iv naxsi rovtoig ^rrcj^fAs^a, aXka to yi toi nvQ 
rov xitgnov xQEitrov icnv ' ov rumg dwaifAS^' Siv xutaxavaavre^ 
hfjiov vfup avtiTo^cu, q) iffmg ovf si navv ayw&ot eit]te fid)(^e(S^ou, 
ap dvvaia&e, 20. Ilmg av ovv e^ovteg toaoirovg noqovg nqog 
70 v[uv TToXefisiv, icai rovrtov fjirjdtva tjfjiiv iTiixivdvvov, ineita ix 
tovrcov Tidvrcov rovrov av rov XQonov i^sXolfied'a og fiovog (*ev 
nQog 'd'eoav dcys^rjgy fiovog de ngog avd^QoiTiatv al<j)[Q6g ; 21. Tlav- 
tana(5i di dnoQtov iarl xal diiri'^dvcov xcti. avdyxy i)^ofievmv, xa] 
rovToa^ 4/rov>jQ6jv, ohiveg iS'iXovci dl mib^iai te nQog '&£ovg xal 
afrtatag': TTQog avd^QpiTfOvg frgdrr^iv ri, }^Ovx ovToag Tjfieig, m 
KXioQXBy ovte ^Xi9ioi6vj8 aXoyiatoi iafiiv, 22. !/^AAa ti d^ 
vficig i^ov dnokiaai ovx €^i tovto iqk'&OfiBv ; Ev i<j&i on 6 ifiog 
Igmg rovzov aitiog rov tolg "EkXriaiv ifis Tiiarov ysvta^ai xai <p 
KvQog avt^ri l^evix^ dia fjna&odoaiag matsvosv, tovtcp ifis xara^fj- 
vai dl ev€Qye(jiag layiygov, 23. 0<5a ds fAOi vfisTg 'iQ'^ainoi e<je<j&e, 
za fJiiv xai cv eJneg, to ds fisyiarov iyat ^Jda ' ti^v fuv yag im rj 
X8q)a}f^ ^KJLoav ^aaikei fiovcp el^e<suv OQ&rjv lyeiv, ri^v f im ry xoq- 
cia lacag av vfiav nagovtmv xai stSQog evqetoag sxoi. 

24. Tavza einrnv l8o^e rep KXedgycp dXTj&Tj Itysiv^ xai ehsv ' 
Oifxovv, eq)Tjy otnveg loiovrmv Tjfuv elg q^ikiav vnaqyipvttav fiBigmv- 
tai dia^dXJ^ovtsg Tioiijaai noXefjiiovg r^fiag^ a^ioi elai ra ia^aza 
na&eiv ; 25. Kal iym niv ye scprj 6 Tia<jacpsQvrjg, el ^ovkea^i /lot ol 
re GTQatriyo) xcti ol Xoxayol ek&eTv ev r^ ifitpavelj Xel^co xovg ngog 
ifie Xeyovtag mg av em^ovXeveig ey,oi re xal ry aiv if^ol azQatia. 
26. 'Eym d\ eq)rj 6 KXeag^og, a|a) ndvzag ' xou aol av dt]Xoia&) 
o&ev eyo) neol (sov axovto^ 27. *Ex zovjcav dij zoov Xoymv 6 Tiaaa' 
(pegvijg cpiXoxpQdvtfvsfievog jtoze /Jtev (levetv re avzov exiXevae xal 
avvdeiTivov inoirjaazo' zy If vczegaia KXiaqyog, iXO^av em zo 
azgaroTzedov, drjXog ze 7]v ndvv (piXix&ig olofjievog dtaxeia&ai. tq) 
Turaaqiegvei, xal a eXeyev exeivog aTi^yyeXXev ' eq)rj ze XQrivai tivai 
naga T^aaq^egvrjv ovg ixeXevae, xal oe av i^eXeyx&mai dia^dXXov- 
tsg tmv *Ek}jqvmv, mg ngodozag avzovg xou xaxovovg zoXg "EXXriaiv 

tnms ^^^mfufii^ai. 28. ^TniinzBv% H elvai zof d(a^a}.l.ovxa 



Msviara, eldmg <)iifrov }tai avyysyEvrjfiif^y Ttffaacpt'ifpsi fisza *A^ 
uiov not (iiddid^ovra AIt^ y,al im^ovXtvovtay OTttag to (jTQdtevfia 
anav ngog savTov Xa^osv q^iXog J Tioaaq)tQV£i. 29. *E^ovXsro di 
Kai 6 KXmQ)[og anav,i:o .arQat^vfia ngog iavtov s^bip ti^v yvoifjitiv 
xai tovg 'TzfiQatJvTThvytag ixnooiov dvai, Tmv ^i GrQauaozm 
aytfXeyov jiveg avt^ ju^ iiv u nivtag tovg Xoxotyovg Tioi (Tr^ar^- 
yovg^ firibl matevHv TiacaqjSQvst. 30. *0 de KXeag^og laxvQoig 
Kaisretvkv, egts duTtQaSaro Ttsvie fiev atQUTf^yovg levai, el^xoaiH 
Xoiayovg ' avvrjHoXovd^rjcap de tog eig ayoQctv xai rmv aXXoav arga- 
JitoTwv (ag diaxoGioi. 

31. 'ETTti ^ ij(Tav im talg ^vgaig taig Tiaau^psQrovgf ol fiit 
aTQazr^oi TtagexXi^d'riaav eiam, Ugo^Evog Boidriog, Mivcav 0et- 
raXog, ^j4yiag *u4gxag, KXsagxog jiaxtov, ^coxgatrig ^jd-^aiog ' ol 
di Xo^ayol im raig ^vgaig efuvov. 32. Ov ttoXX^ d* vcregov Atio tov 
avrov GTjfisiov oil re evdov avveXafji^dvovTo xai ot s^oo xatsxonfjaav. 
Metu ds ravra rmv ^ag^agmv rivlg iTimcovy dia zov nediov iXai- 
vovteg, c^twi IvTvyiavoitv ''EXXrjn t] doi^Xat^i] iXev&egcp, nirtaq 
exreivov, 33. 01 de ''EXXijveg trjv re inTtaaiaiir^avt^f^ ip-ayua^oVf 
ex tov argaTonedov ogavteg, xa\ o ti moiovv TjfKpifvoovVf ngiv 
Nlxagiog ^j4gxag rjxe (pevyfiov, retgmfievog slg rrjv yaatega xai ta Ir- 
rega h raig x^Q^^i^ ^X^^f '^^^ *^^^ Ttdyta ra yeyev/jfisra. 34. 'Ex zoi- 
rov di] orEXXrjveg lOsov im za onXa navreg ixnenXriyiiivoi xou TOfii- 
' ^ • / ^ovteg avrixa ^ieiv avrovg im to argaTOTzedov, 35. Ol de ndvzeg fiif 
ovx r]X&ov, 'u4gialog de xai 'y4grdol^og xa) Mtd^giddtfjg, o2 tjaav Kvg(^ 
moTOzatoi ' o de i^v 'EXXr^vmv egfii]vtvg eq^rj xai tov Tiocaqidgvovg 
ddeXq)ov avv avrolg bgav xa) yiyvoiaxeiv ' avrrjxoXoi&ovv de xai aXXoi 
Tlega^v te&agaxtafie'voi eig zgiaxoaiovg, 36. Ovzoi ine\ iyyvg ^aaf, 
ngogeX&elf ixsXevov et Tig evq rwr ^EXXrjvoov ij argazrjyog § Xoxayog^ 
iva dnayyeiX(OGi za naga ^aaiXitag. 37. Mbtcl TavTa iirjX&ov (pvXat- 
zofievoi zmv 'EXXqvoiv (yzgaTrjyol nev KXedvmg 'Ogxo/ieviog xm 
Uocpaivezog 2JTVfi(fdXiog^ (jvv avToTg de Sevocpoov ^/4&t]vaiog, vnmg 
udOoi TO, negl Ugo^ivov ' Xetgiaocpog d' iTvyxavev anwy ip xtffif 
uvi avv uXXotg imairi^ofievog. 38. 'Enel d' eazrjaav tig m^x999t 
elnev'u4giaiog zdde • KXeagxog fih^ & dvdgeg "EXXrjveg, inei intogum 
re i(fdv>j xai Tag CTiovtag Xvmvj eyei t}jv dixrjv xai Te^vrjxf. 11(g^m9li 
Jtr uai Mertov, on xdi^siX^dr avrov rrjp ini^ovi^^ bf^ f^tfi^ 


LIB. II. CAP. VL 56 

rff«5 siaw ' viiag Si Saadsvg ra onXa anairei ' iavtov yoQ zhou 
q)rjalp, mdnsQ Kvqov ^aav tov sheivov 8ovXov. 

39. JlQog ravta dnexQivai'TO ol ^ElXr^veg, (^skeys de KXedvtoQ 
6 'Ogxofifnog) ' ^^ xaxiats ap{^Q^jfa)Vf '^QiaTs, xai ol uXXot oaoi 
^TB Kvqov q)iXoi, ovx alayvvsa&s ovte -^eovg ovis avd^Qoinovg, 
oiTtvsg ouoaavtBg huXv Tovg avjovg cpHovg xal ixO^QOvg vofdrnv, 
TtQodovreg rj/Jidg avv TiaaacpfQvei t^ dd'eoDrarop re nat navovqyo- 
rdrtp rovg re avdgag avrovg oig mfivvre mg aTioXeaXsxare xat zovg 
aXXovg ijfidg nQo8ed<ax6T6g avv rotg noXefAioig icp rjiidg eQxso&e ; 
40. 'O ds *AQiaTog bIttb' KXioQ^og ydq nqoa^ev im^ovXsvoov 
^avsQog iytvsto TiaaaqisQvei is xal ^Ogovra -Aoi ndciv fjiuv toXg 
<jvv TOVTOig, 41. 'Em tovroig ds Sevoqt^v tdde c7rT8' KXiaqyipg 
fi€v Toivvv, ei TioQa tovg OQxovg IXvs tag anovbdg, rtjv dixrjv e^Bi ' 
9ixcuov yoQ anoXXva^ai rovg iTrioQxovvtag ' Ugo^evog ds xal 
MiftQv insinsQ eiaiv vfisTBQOi filv svegyitat, rjfiSTegoi ds (jtQarijyoi, 
TrifAXpate avtovg devqo ' SijXop yag on. (fiXoi ye ovtsg dficporegoig 
TrfjgaffovTai xaj vfiiv xat ^fiiv rd ^sXttara avfi^ovf.svetv. IJQog 
ravta ol ^dg^agoi noXvv xgovw duiXex'O^Bvteg dXXi^Xoig dnrjX'&op 
avdiv dftoxgivdfisvou 


1. 01 fisv dri (jtgattiyoi ovzm Xrjcp^ivteg dvfixd"ri(5av mg ^aat 
Xia, xcu aTtoTfiTj&errsg tag xsqiaXdg itsXevtrjaav ' sig fisv avtSf 
KXeagyog oiioXoyovfisvtog ix ndvteav tm* IfATtBiQcog avtov ixovtoof 
doiag ysviad^ai dv\g xcu TtoXsfiixog xat cpiXoTtoXsfjiog iaxdttog, 
2. Kai yag drj emg (asv nnXs^og tjv toig Aaxsdainovioig ngog tovg 
*A^riraiovg TtagefAeivsv ' insi S* slgi^prj lyivsto, nsiaag. trjv avtov 
noXiv mg ol Bgnxeg ddixovai tovg ^EXXrjvag xal Sumga^dfievog (og 
idvpato naga tap 'Ecpogmv i^snXei dag TtoXsjji^aoav toTg VTzsg 
Xe^^ov^gov xat Ilet^ip&ov Oga^iv. 3. ^EtzeI Ss fistayvSvtsg ncag 
ol^qio^oi tidrj 1^00 ovtog avtov dnoatgiqisiv avtov STteigrnvto i^ 
*/<y^fcot;, ivtav&a ovxtzi ntid'staiy dXX (pjfero nXitov sig 'EXXi^g* 
irpyfptx 4. Ex tovtov xal i&avutoi&Tj if no tmv sv tri SndgtTd 
^''^JtcJfijf nog inei^^v, "^Hdrj ds cfvydg cSy sg^stai ngog Kajqov, xcei 
iffo^Mr ui» Xoyo ? iitBus^ KvQOf SXX'q yiygamai ' d«!^ei(r( iT 

»■. ^ 


air^ Kv()og fjivnovg ^ageixovg * 6, 6 di Xa^m*^ ovx im ^a&vfiimf 
iTQunezo, aXX ano rovtoov Tc3y xgrnidtoiv avXXsl^ag CTgdt&iffm 
inoXifJiei zoig Qqa^i* xaJ j^ajft? te ivixr^as xaJ anf* jovtovdrj IcpSQi 
xai Tjyev avrov^-' xal noXaiAmf ^leyevero, fii^Q^ Kvqog idsi]&ti 
70V azQarevfjiaTog ' rots f UTiijXd'Sf mg avv ixeivqi av TroXefjir^aoif. 
6. Tavta ovv q^iXonoXiiiov fioi doxsi avdgpg iqya bIvui, ogzig, i^of 
HBv eiQi^vTjv ayeiv avev ala/^vftjg x«J ^Xap^^atQeltat noXefjieif' 
i^ov di Qa&vfieiVf ^ovXerai novslv mgte noXefisTv • fijoy di ;^^i/jteara 
ixf^n axivdvvag, aiq^Bita^ ^ro^e/i/Sf fjieiova ravra TzoteTv. 'ExMog 
He iSgnsQ elg nai9ii(Q[Tjtli^aXXrjv 'ttva jjdoviiv y&EXe dartavav elg 
T^oXefiov, OvtoD fi€v q)iXo7i6XEf4og 7]v. 7. UoXefiixog de av 
tavtid sdoxei ehat, oti (piXoxMvvog te lyr, xat fjfifQag xai vvxxog 
iymv im rovg noXefiiovg, xai iv lolg deivoTg qigonfiog, tog ol na- 
Qovtsg navraxov ndvrsg mnoXoyow^ 8. Kai aQ^ixog di iXiysTO 
%hai (og dwarov ix rov roiovrov tqojA>v oiov xai ixeivog elxBf* 
*Ixavog fi€v yag tag tig xai aXXog q)gorzi^eiv rjv oh^k s^ei ^ crga- 
JM avrov ta imri^dsia xai Ttagacxevd^eiif tavra ' ixavog di xat 
ifiTroi^cai toTg nagovaiv tag neiGziov eirj KXedg^q^*^ 9. Tovro f 
inoki ix rov i^Xsnog shai^ Kal yag bgav crrtJ^Si r^v xai tj 
qitavlli tgayrvg ' ixoXa^i r« del lox^g^s, >««* ogyy iviore, £grB, pcoi 
avt^ fistaiieXeiy bg& ore, ICal yvm/jiTi de ixoXa^ev ' ako),d(Trov 
yag otgajsvfjiarog ovdsv ^yeiro oq)eXog tlvai, 10. 'u4XXa xai Xeys» 
■'' avTOv scpacav mg dioi rbv Grgartoitr^v qiO^sTa&ai fidXXoT rov dgxofta 
§ Tovg TtoXtfiiovg, ei fiiXXoi ^ q)vXaxag qfvXdl^eiv rj cpiXmv dq)8^€a^ai 
^ angoq)aaiat&^ livai ngog lovg TioXsfiiovg. 11. 'Ev iafv ovf 
toTg deivoTg ij&eXov avtov dxovew aq)6dga xai ovx, dXXqv rigovrto 
ol (frgariootai, Kai yag to atvyvov tots giaiifgop avrov ir rotg 
ngogconoig icpaaav giaiveo'&ai xai to xci^XsTtov iQ^(x>]uevof7i^J^^io»g 
TtoXsfu&vg idoxsi eJvai' oxtts aeari^giov xai ovxsri xoiXeTrov i(paiv8tO' 
12. Ore ^ l|w rov detvov yivoivro xai i^ein Trghg.aXXovg dofo- 
fiBvovg amevaij noXXoi avtov ansXemov ' to yag^ fmxagi ovx fip^f 
dXXa del x^^^^^S ^^ xaJ (Ofiog ' tSgre dieicei'm ngog dvrop ol 
ergari^rai cogTzeg naideg Tzgog diddaxaXov. 13. Kal yag ovt 
(fiXia uh xai evvoin enoiiivovg ovdmQj\ elxev ' mrivB^ de § wff 
noXetog rerayfiivoi ^ vno rov deia^ai t] uXXy rm dvdyx^ HUinj[i' 
Mspot ptiif(^iijaav avrq^, ccpSdga nu'&ofiipotg ixQ^^' ^^ 'fivii^ ^9 

L 1 B. 1 1, c V p. V r . S7 

ndH ^Q^arto vm^v gvv avrcp tovg noXeiAiovg, ijdij fiByaka ^v ra 
XQ^if^ovg noiovvta dvai rovg avv avz^ aTQarioitag to re yag 
nQog rovg noXefiiovg d^aQgaXeoDg i^^iv nagr^v xal to zijv noQ fytei- 
vov TifKOQiaf qjO^Ha&ai avtohg eirdHJOvg inoUi. 15. Totovtog 
^iv dq aQ)^(av ^v ' oQxea&ai S vno aXXoav ov {luXu ii^tXetr iXtysto. 
V/y de, ots iteXevtay afjiqil ta Tzevr^iib'pta hi], I 

16. Ugo^avog de 6 Boidziog si&vg fifv fAei^dxiov cSr iTte&vfiei 
fsriad'ai dprjQ rd fieydXa nQdttuv tnuvog ' not did tavTfjv rijf 
iniO'Vfiiav edmxe Fogyia dgyvQi-ov r^ ABovtivc^. 17. ^ Enei, ds 
cvveyevero ixHV(p, iKavog vofiiaag r^drj thai xaj dgieiv >ca2 q^iXog 
€op ToTg nqdjoig iiq rjttdo&ai Bvtgyex^v^ tjXd^sv eig tuvtag rdg ovv 
KvQCp ngd^eig' Ttal (peto xrr^aea&ai ix tovkov ovofia fisya xal 
duvafiiv fieydXriv xai ^Qi^fiata noXXd. 18. Toaovtoov 3* im&vfjiojf 
cq^odga tvdqXov av xal rovro (Jyev on tovtodv ovdiv dv &tXot 
xtda^ai ftntd ddixiagy dXXd avp zq) dtxaicp xal xaXcp ^eto deip 
zovtmv zvy)^dveiv, avev de. zovzoov fjitj. 19. "Aq^hv de xaXmv fief 
xal dya&oov dvvazog r^v ' ov fjievzoi ovz aidm zoTg azqazidzaig eav- 
rov ouTB cpo^ov ixavog ifAnoirjaai, dXXd xal fjaxvPEzo fidXXov zovg 
azgazioizag ij oi-rdg^ofjievoi exeivov xal cpo^ovfievog fjidXXov ijv 
q)aveQbg zo dmji^d^aveaO'ai zolg azgaztoizai^ § oi azgazmzai to J/ V 
aTiiffiztiv r ixeivcp. 20. "^lero de dgxetf nQpg zo dqjiixov ehai xcu 
f*jxdv zov jiev xaXmg noiovvza maivelv, zov de ddixovrra firi 
inaiveiv. Toiyagovv avz^ ol fiev xuXoi ze xdya&ol zmv avvovzcav 
evvot ^<yav, ol f ddixoi ene^ovXevov dig evfiezaxeiQiaz(p opzl "Ozb 
de dnid^vrjaxepf rjy ezmp cog zQidxovza. 

21. MtpoDP de 6 OezzaXog dr^Xog rjp mi&vfA&p fiev nXovzeip 
hj^vgmg, im&vfimp de aQieip, onmg nXem Xafi^dvoi ' ini^vfimv da 
rtftaa&aif ipa nXelto xegdalvoi ' (piXog z i^ovXszo ehai zoig fii' 
ftaza dwafitpoigf h x ddixmp ixtj didoit] dixi]v, 22. *Em de zo XU" 
tegya^ta&ai oav em&viJioii] (Jvfzofjtoi>zdrrjv v^ezo odov elvai did rot 
iniOQxeXv ze xat xpevdea^ai xal p^anazap • zo de dnXoyp xai zh 
dXtjOeg ipofu^e zb avzo z^ ij ii&i^ eJvat. 23. ^zegyaop dd apapz- 
ghg fiep ^p ovdtpa, ozcp de cpairj cplXog elvai, zoizqt fpdtjXog iyiypezc 
ww/SftlAfivwy. Kal TtoXefjiiov filp ovdevog xazeyeXa, zmp de avp6% 
twf fidrtmp cog xazayeX&v del dieXeyezo, 24. Kal zoig fiep t&f 
mAifiUMf Ht^iuMw ovx ine^ovXeve ' ;faXc;rof yoQ q^tro «&ai ta 


Tcoy cfvXatToiAbvmf Xafi^dretv ' ra ds Tc5r gpiloor fiofog ^eT$ 
Btdtfcu qaarov ov aifiXaxTa },afi^dveiv. 25. Kal oaovg fup 
uladdfi)(7o inioQxovg xal ddixovgf dig, bv .iinX^fiivovg iq,o 
^etio ' zolg S oaioig aai dXtj&siav d^dvaiv ^ ..cS^* dvdvoqoi^ 
inaiQaxo XQ^^^^^' ^^* ''^^tzbq 8i rig dfaXXetai^'^im -^ao- 
cestui nai dk^&tia xai dixaiojrrjji^j ovtm Mivmv tjfydXJLero T(jJ 
i^a^rarav dvvaa&ui, r^ kXdaaa&ai lipevdij, tq) qiiXovg dia^s^p * 
tov di jU^ navovQJov rmv dnatdevTO)v del ivofu^ev eJvai, Kal tzoq* 
oig fiiv imx^LQH TiQtaxtveiv cpiXioc, dia^dXXtov tovg nqdrovg, tov- 
Tovg (^sto dtiv arr^aaa&cci. 27. To de nei^ofiivovg rovg aiQau- 
oitag TtaQs^ea^ai ex tov avvadiKeiv avroig ifjit^avato. Tifidad^ai 
ds xaJ ^eqanBVBa^ai ri^iov imdeixvvfASvog on nXeiara dvvairo xou 
i'&sXot dv ddixeiv. EiegysGiav de xaTsXeyeVf onore rig at'rov 
d(pi<5TaizOi^ ozi /(K»/i€yo^ avrcp ovx dnoiXeaev avtov. 28. Kal za 
fifv dt] aqidpij 8^£Gzi neQi avzov xpevHead'ai * a de ndvzeg laaai^ 
zdS iffzL IJaQa ^u4QiGzinn<^ niv izi d>Qaiog &v dzQazriyktv itf- 
Ttgd^azo z^v \iviav \ ^Aj^jm^ d\ ^oQ^dgcp ovzs, ozi fiEigaxioig xa- 
Xoig rjoezo, oineiOTazog szi oi}Q(;tiog tov eysvszo avzog os Tiatotxa 
BixB 0aqv7TaVt dyivawg coy yiveiavial 29. Anod'vtjcxovzmv di 
zmv Gvazqazriym', on iatgdzevaav ml ^aaiXia avv KvQqt, rav- 
rd Ttenoirjxdig ovx dni&avB' fABzd ds zov z&v aXXmv -^dvazof 
azQuzrjymv, ztfJKOQij&Big vno ^aciXmg dni^avBv, ovx (SgnBg KXiaq- 
Xog xaJ oi dXXoi azgazriyol dnozfji/jd^BvzBg zdgiieq;aXagf ogneg 
zdxiGTog d-dvarog donBi^ ^h'CLif dXXd ^(Sv ama&Big iviavzov mg 
novrighg XsyBzai zjjg zBXBVZijg zvyBir. 

30. ^jiyiag b\ b 'Agadg xal 2(0}igdzrig 6 ^A^aihg xm tovzm 
a7ZBd-avszf]v. Tovzcov Ss ov^Big ov^ dg iv TroXs/ACp aaxmr iiaz$- 
yiXa ovz ig cpiXiap avzovg iuifi(fki6' ^fftjif ze aficcm dficpl rertM* 
QOhovza BZfj dno yevedg' 




CAP. I. 

1. ^OZAiuv dij iv rg ava^aaei r§ fjiezit Kvqov ot ^jBX^i^ratf 
hiQa^av iiixqi '^^$ ftd'/fj^, xaJ oaa insi KvQog hiXevriicBv «y«V«TO, 
UTtiovToav Twy ^EXJ^i^vtov avv TiaaaqfgQvsiy iv taTg aTtovdcug, iv r^ 
uQOG&ev Xoycp ^E^riktozai. 2. ^Emi Si oira ffrQarrjyol avvsiXtj/ifU' 
901 riaap %ou t^v Xo)^ay^p xai rav atqatiait^v oi cvneTiofiBvoi 
afioXoiXecraVf iv TroXXy drj anogia t]ffav ol EXXrjveg, iv&vfiovfievoi 
fiiv OTi im taig ^amXitog O^iqaig ijaav, xvxXcp If avroig ndvrtj TtoXXa 
H(ti f^vTj xou noXsig noXffjiiai rjaav, ayoqav ds oidalg hi TtctQs^siv 
lueXXev, antXiov de zijg 'EXXddog TtXiov $ fjivqia aTodta, r^mmv 8 
oifdeig jijg odov 7]v, norafjiol di dieigyov adid^aToi iv fiiacp jfjg 
orxade odov, nQOvdedoixeaav di avtovg xal ol <jvv Kvqqp dva^dvtsg 
Bd{)^aqoij fiovoi de aazaXeXeififAsvot ^aav ovds l/tma oifdeva ffvfi- 
pta^ov e)[orteg ' (»» r evdrjXov yv on vtxmvTeg fiiv old* civ iva 
KataxaiPoieVf ^Tttj&evTOJv di avzmv ovdelg av Xetcp&siij. 3. 
Tavta iwoovfxEvoi xaj d&vfimg sx^vteg oXiyoi fuv avt^v elg 
rrjv iamgav citov iysmavto,* oXiyot di tzvq dvixavaav, im ds ra 
o;rXa fioXXot ovtc i]X&ov ravrrjv rrjv vvktu, dvenaiovzo di onov 
itvyxotvev ixaatog, oi dwdfisvot xad'svdeiv vtto Xvnrig kou no&ov 
natqidtavy yoveoav, yvvaixmv, Tiaidoov, ovg ovnoie ivofii^ov hi 
oipec'd'cu, OvToo fiiv di] dtaxBiusvoi ndvteg avBnavovto. 

4. Hv di Tig iv rj aiQatia Ssvoqfmv u4&fjvaTog, og ovti 
(StQajrjyogy ovtb Xo^ayog ovts (jjQaTioitTjg cov awT^xoXov^ei, aXXa 
riooievog avrov /MTenifAxpaTO oiao&sv, ^evog coy agxcuog* vni- 
tfpMO di air CO, bi iX&oi^ (piXov Kvgcp non^aeiv • ov avrog eqpij 
K(>eiVrco iavr^ vofii^etv rtjg nuTQidog. 5. *0 fiivtoi Sevoq^mv^ 
ivDcypyvg ttfv imaToXiiVf avaxoivovrai HcoxQarei r^ *j4&r^ai<M 


fr£^{ rtji noQBias Kcti 6 HooxQcirrigf vnontBvaa^ fii^ ri ni^cg rtfi 
noXetog oi vnaitiov ei?] KvQqt cpiXov ytvia&at, (oZi idonei 6 KtQO^ 
ftQO&vfi(og ToXg ^anedaifiovioig im rag ^A&iqvoQ avfiTroXeftr^Gcu,) 
ffVfi^ovXevei T(p Sevo(j)mvti iX'&ovra etg JeXqjovg avaxoivmacu 
TQ) d^eq) TZBQL trjg TTOQsiag, 6. 'EX&mv di b S£voq)mv in^Qero rof 
^AnoXXfa Tin av d^swv d^voov not svxofisvog xdXXtara xai aQixjta 
eX&oi rriv bbov riv inivoei xal ycaXag TiQci^ag aco'&eirj. Kal avetXef 
uvT^ 6 'AnoXXmv d^eoig oig sdei '&veiv. 7. 'Em} Si naXtv t]X^e, 
Xeyei r^v fjiavteiav t^ ^^ooHQcitei. 'O ^ axovaag r^tiaro avrov oti 
ov rovro nq^tov y/^wra, nojBQOv 7.^ov eitj avr^ TtOQeveod'ai ij 
fiiveiVf aXX airtog TtQirag Ittov elvai tovto invt&dvero, omog itf 
xdXXujta noQevd^eiTj. 'Enei fisvtoi ovrfag ^(>ov, tavr, Iqifj, x^ 
TTomv oaa 6 d^eog ixeXevoev. 8. '0 fiiv dij Ssvoqjcov ovrm ^vca- 
(lEfog olg aveiXev 6 deog fisnXet, xaJ xaraXafA^dvei h ^dgSsffi 
IIq6^€vov nal KvQOv fitXXovTug 'fjdri ogfiav Ttjv arm odov ' xai aw- 
BtJTdd^rj Kvqqt. 9. UgoOvfiovfJisvov Si lov TlQo^evov Ttai 6 KvQog 
cvfinQOv^vfiBiTO fiBivat. avrov bItib di on inBtdav rdxiffra ^ 
ctqatBia AiyJ?/, Bv&vg anonBfixpBi avrov, ^EXiyBro di 6 croXog, 
thai Big TlBustdag, 

10. 'EatQaTBVBto fiiv Htj ovtwg i^anarti'&Big ov)[ tmb to5 
IIqo^bvov • ov yoLQ xfiBi rijv im ^aaiXia bQfiriv, ovif dXXog ovdsig 
tmv 'EXXi^vmv nXijv KXtdg^ov • iTtBi iitvroi Big KiXmav tjfX'&Of^ 
aacpig naaiv i]9f] idoHBi Blvai on b aroXog Bit] im ^aatXsa. 0o^oi' 
uBvoi di rijv bdbv xal axovtBg ofimg oi noXXol 91 aiaxvyr^v xaJ aTiX'^ 
X(av xal KvQov cvvrjxoXov'&tjaap ' <ov Big xaJ SBvoq)mv tjv, 1 1. ^Etih S 
dnoQia r^v, iXvnBixo uiv <5vv roTg aXXotg xal ovxidvfaro xa'&svdBif* 
fiinQOv di vnvov Xayimv BldBv ovaq, '^EdotBv avxcg ^Qovrtjg yBvofU' 
vrjg axTjnrbg 71B<jbiv Big rriv narqc^av oUiav, xal ix rovrov XufjinB* 
cd^ai naaav, 12. TlBQiqiO^og f Bv^vg dvriyiQ'd'rij xai to Hvctq m^ 
fiiv BXQtvBV dya^hv, on iv novoi^ mv xai xitdvvoig q)mg fisya i» 
Jibg IdBip sdo^s • fii^ di xai icpo^Biro, on dnb Jiog fjiiv ^aatXim 
TO ovaQ idoxBi avr^ Blfat, xvxXqft S* idoxBi XdfinBad^ai to mJ^, /lii 
ov dvvairo ix rijg x^Q^? H^bX-^bTv r^g ^aaiXs<ag, dXX B*(}yoito nir- 
ro&Bv in 6 nvmp unoQimv. 

13. 'Otioiov ti fihroi iari to roiovrov ovoq OUbu^ Sgtmk 
neofrelp ix t£v avfjifidvrmv \utk to ovoq. rifwctt.! ^jt^ fjtff 

LIB. III. CAP. L 61 

Ev-dig ineidri avrjyig&ijy ngmrov filv etroia air^ ffjimTTzti ' Ti 
TiUtdxEiuai ; ^ ds vv^ nqo^aivei ' oifia ds ry Tjfiega d'Aog toi'<; no- 
Xeiiiovg ri^uv. El ds yevtjaofiB&a im ^aGikii, ti ifino^^v ^tj ovx*i 
nuvra fiep t« ;faA€;r(orara imSovtag, navta ds ra dsivoiaia na- 
&6vrag v^qi^ofispovg ano^aveXv ; 14. ''Ontog ds afivvovfis^a 
oideig TtagaGnsva^erat ovlf imfisXeirai, alXa xaraaeifisd^a (Sgnsg 
il^oy iiaviiav aysii% 'Eym ovv tov in noiag noXscag atQatTjyop 
ftQogdoTim ravra TtQci^siv ; noiav if ^Xiniav ifiavt^ il&etv avufievfo ; 
ov yaq syfoy iti fZQsa^vtSQog saofiai, iav ri^fiSQOV TZQod^ hfiavTOP 
toig TioXsfjiioig. 15. 'En tovtov ttpiGTatai xaJ avyxaXti tovg 
IJqo^svov fZQ^TOv Xo^dyovg. 'Ens\ ds avvrjX&or, iXe^iP ' 'Eym, m 
avdqsg Xo^Kyoif ovre xa^evdsiv Svvafjiai, cognsQ olfiai ovf vfistg, 
ovrs TiaraxeTa^ou in, ogmv iv oioig lafiiv. 16. 01 fisv yaq dt] 
noXsfjiioi dijXov on ov ngoisqov nqog rjfjicig rov TtoXsfiOv i^sq)Tjvap 
nqiv ivofuaav aaXoig ra savro^v TzaQsaxsvda&ai ' rui&v S ovds)g 
ovds^ avTsmfieXsTrat 07i(og dog xuXXiffta ayoanovfis^a 17. Kal 
ur^v El vq^r^GOfAsO^a nou im^aaiXeiytvijGOfABi^ai jiolofisd^a miaea&ou ; 
og Hoi rov 6fJiofJii]TQiov xal ofAOTzargiov ddeXcpov xal rs&VTjxotog 
f^dq aTioiifmv jtjv xscpaXrjv not ri^v isiga dveffTavgooasv * fjfioig ds^ 
olg aijdefjimv fisv ovde]g ndgsanv, sargatsiaajAfv S in avtov (og 
dovXov dvz] ^aaiXmg noirjaovTBg x«J dnoyirsvovvrsg^ si dvvaijisd'a, 
ri !tv olofjisx^a naOtlv ; 18. ^^g ov'a liv fm nav sXdoiy (og rifidg 
iu iayata alniadfASvog nuaiv dv&gcjTzoig cpo^ov Tiagdaxoi rov fftgd- 
Tsvaai nozs m avtov ; 'u4XX 07i(og roi fir^ in ixsivqi ysvrjaofxs^a, 
ndvta Ttoiritiov, 19. ^Eym fisv ovv, sg^s ftiv ai anovdal ijaav, 
ovnozs inav6f*rjv iifJidg fisv ohzslgrov, ^aaiXia ds xai jovg avp 
avTqy fXaxaQi^cov, diaOsoifievog uvToiv oarjv fAsv ^oigav xai oiaf 
iioitv, cog ds acp&ova rd inni^dtia, oaovg ds d^sgdnovtag, oaa ds 
Hz/jpfj^ Xgvaov ds, ia^Tjra ds' 20. zd ^ av zmv ozgatKozav onozs 
fp{^vfioffirjv, ozt rmv fisv dyaO^v ndvToov ovdsrog rjfuv fiszsirj, si fit] 
ngtaifisd-a, orov ds (avrjcjofAsd^a rjdsiv szi oXiyovg syovrag, aXXmg 
ds noag nogi^sa&ai td inm^dsia ?/ (avovfisvovg ogaovg rjdt] xazsypv- 
zag ^(idg ' ravr' ovv Xoyi^ofisvog, irinrs zag anovdag fiaXXov scpO' 
Boviir^ ^ ifff Tov noXsnov, 21. ^Enslfisvzoi insTvoi sXvaav rag anov^ 
9a^, lAic^su ftoi doxsTxas tj sxeivtav v^gig xai i[ T}(A£t£Qa Wo\^va.^l^ 


usaqp yuQ rfi* xehai tavta ra uya&a a&Xa, onotBQnSiv i]fU9f 
at>d(fBg ufAfivoreg matp ' aymvo&izat 8' oi '&eoi eiatf^ oJ avr ^fup, 
oji; ri £1X0 g, taovzui. 22. Outoi fisv yaq aitovg intt^QXfjxaotv . 
tjfittg dff no}Xa oQMVTfg ayaOu, areQQoog aitmv ansixofisd^a dii 
Tovg T^p d^tojp oQxovg ' oogzs e^eivai fiot doxet Uvai ml top dymva 
TioVv (7VV qiQov/ifiuzt fjiti^on tj jovzotg. 23. '^Ezi ds 8)[0fiev coifiaza 
IxavcozsQa tovzcav xa\ xpvxfj xal d^ukTzrj xai novovg (fSQUv ' l)^o(jiep 
ds xai ipvxoLg avv roTg O^eoig af4£ivorag • oi de ardgeg xai tqcozo] 
Hal &vTjzo} fia)Jkov TjfAoiv, f^v ol O^eoi agTZEQ zo tzqoG'&bv Pixrjv Tj/uf 
didamv. 24. ^^kX icrcog ya^xai akXoi tavta iv^VfAOvvtai, nqog 
tmr ^mv nil opofimofjisv al^Xovg i(p Tjfiag iX&etv nagaxaXovvtag 
ifztta HciXMata SQya, akX inielg ag^mfiev tov i^OQiiijcai xa) tovg 
akXovg Im trjp aQBtr]p, fpdpTjte t^p Xoxctyoav agiatoi xai tmf 
atQatty^'ap d^ioatQutrjyoteQOi. 25. Kayta de, ei [iip vfiaTg i'&AstB 
i^OQfiap inl tavza, eneo^ai vfilv ^ovXofiai ' eI de vfAH^ tdtteti 
fi£ ijytta&ah oidep Tzqocpaai^ofjiat tr^p ^Xixiap, aXXr. xai axfid^w 
rfyovuai igvxeiv an ifiavtov ta xomA. 

26. *0 fiav tavta iXel^sp, ol di Xo^ayol^ axovaarrsg tavta 
Tjyeia^at ixiXevop anapteg. Hkiip ^AnoXXmpibrig tig tjp ^ouatid^cnf 
ty qxop^ ' ovtog d* sItzep oti qiXvaQoiri ogtig Xtyot aXXoog ntag Gmrij- 
Qiag ap tvy^slp 7] ^aaiXia neiaug, el dvpaizo ' xai ccfjia ijQX^to Xiyeif 
tag dnoQiag' 27. 'O fitpzoi Stpoqjmp fASta^v vTZoXa^mv iXel^ef 
Sda * 'i2 d'avfiaatoizare av&QmnEy av ye ovS* ogmv yiyv<acxeig oif 
axov<op fiEfiPTjaaL 'Ep tavz^ ys nfptoi rjad^a tovtoig ots ^aatXAgt 
etzeI KvQog aTzs&aPE, fieya cfQOpriaag inl tovtcp fzsfiTztop ixiTLivt 
Ttagadidopai ta onXa. 28. ^ EtzeI ds Ijfmg ov 7zaQa86ptsg, aXX 
i^ooTzXifffiepot iX'&optt^ tagE^xrjpi^cyaftEP avt$, ti ovx ETZoiTjffs nqi- 
ff^Eig TZSfiTzcop xa: ^rnopdag alzap xai n(x.Qi%(ap ta imti^dEiay igtt 
TTZopdmp etv^EP ; 29. ^EtzeI S av atqatrjjoi xou Xoiayoi, atgnEQ ^jj 
tfv xeXevEtg, eig Xoyovg avtoig Slpev onXtof iiX'&w matsvaapteg tak 
cnopdaiQj ov pvp exeTpoi naiofiEPOiy xEPtoviumit, i^gt^ofjiEvoi, ovo 
itno&apETp ol tXi^fxoPEg dvpaptai ; xai fiaH ofyuu EqSvteg tovrov' 
i av Tzapta EiSmg tovg fiip dfivpead^ai xEXsvopiag cpXvoQBlt (jp^g^ 
tzei^Eip ds TzdXip xEXevEtg lopzag. 30. ^Efiol di, (» Ad^eg^ doxfli 
top ot'&QMTZop tovtop fii^te TZQogisa&ai sig rxito ijful^ilj 

LIB. IIL CAP. r. -^ 63 

OvTog yoQ t^cu rriv ftatQida xataiaxvvsi xvu notxsav tr^ *EXhida, 

31. 'Evrev&sv vnoXa^dv ^Ayaciag 2!tvfiq)dhog dnhV 'y^XXa 
tavrcp ye ovrs rijg Boitatiag Ttgogi^xei ovdsv nvrs ttjg 'EXXdHog 
rtarraTiaaiv • stisi iym ainov eJdov ^gneg Avbov afjupoieQa xa cor a 
rsTQV7ii]/jievov. 32. Kal ely^Ev ovrmg. • Tovtov fisv ovv aniiXaaav ' 
01 S" aXXoi naqa tag td^Big iotteg oftov fiev arQarrjyog amog eug 
tor (STQUtTjyof naqexaXow ' otio^ev di of^oito tov vnoatQatrjyov 
OTtov ^ av Xo^ctyog ts^og sirj tov Xoyayov, 33. ^Enu ds fidvteg aw 
IjX&op, Eig to TiQoa&ev ttav onXtav ixa^s^ovzo • xal iyivovto Oi 
tjweX&ovteg atgatijyol xa] Xoxccyot dfKpl tovg ixatov, Ott ds 
tavta rjv cy^edov fxtaax fjaav vvxteg. 34. 'Evtav^a ^IsQcivvfAog 
HXEiog nQBG^tatog &v tmv IIqo^svov Xo^aymv i^Q^Eto XsyEip (o^e ' 
HfHv, (o dvdQBg atQatrjyol xal Xoxayo), ogmai ta naqovta sdol^B xa. 
avtolg (sweX^eTv xa\ vfidg naqaxaXEaai^ onaag ^ovXEvcaifiBi^a ei 
zi dvraifiEd'a dyad^ov, Ai^ov d\ sq)Ti, xal av, m SEvoq)mv, anEQ 
xa/ TiQog TjfAoig, 

35. 'Ex tovtov XiyEi tddE SEvocpmv ' 'AXXa tavta iiev dr^ ndv* 
TEg ETzuTtdfJieOa ott ^aatXEvg xal Tiaaacpiqvrig ovg fisv idvv^&Tjaaf 
(rwBtX^q)aGiv rifimv ' toig S' aXXoig drjXov on im^ovlEvovGiv^g ijf 
Hvoavtai dnoXfaooatv, 'Hfiip dt y oJuai ndvta TioiTjtsa c5^ fi^Tio/ 
in) tolg ^uQ^dgotg ytvojfAB&a, dXXa fidXXov rjv dvvoifiE^a ixEivou 
i(p fffjiiv, 36. £S toivvv miataad^B oti vfiEig toaovtoi ovtsg oaoi 
pvv <jvPEXi]Xv&atE (leyiatov i%EtE xa^qov. 01 yoQ atQati^tai ov- 
toi ndvtEg nqog vfidg aTto^Xinovci ' xav piiv vfidg ogmaiv a^v- 
uovvtag, ndvtEg xaxol scovtai ' rjv ds vfiEig avtoi tE naqaaxEva- 
^6f4Evoi q)avEQol ijtE im tovg noXEfiiovg xal tovg aXXovg naQoxaX^ti^ . i 
Bv tats on ixpovtai vfjtTv xal nsigdaovtai fiifiEia^aL 37. ^<y|B|N|i' »^ 
toi xoL 9ixaiov iativ vfidg HiacpBQBtp ti tovtoov, * TfiEig ydoTarn • 
otQattjyoly vfiEtg ta^iagx^i' xaJ Xo^ayoi' xal ots EiQtjvri i]v vfmg 
x€u ;fpjjf«a<Ti xai tifjiatg tovtaov mXEovExtEitB ' xou vvv toivvv, inBt 
noXtfiog iatw, d^tovv ^sT vfidg avtovg ufiEivovg ts tov nXi^&ovg 
tlvcu xal nqo^ovXEVEiv tovttov xou ngonovsTv, i^v nov dBy. 38 
Kcu wp nQ&tOf fAEV OiOfiai av v/idg niya ovriaai to atQatEVfia, ai 
imfal!^ii^9 inmg drn rofr dftoXmXotmi' (og tdxujta ati^att^^fi 




xal Xoxayoi avtiH^raffTa^^c'v, Z^vsv yaq aqjipviitov ovdfv av ovr* 
yiaXov ovre ayaO^op yivoito, (og fjiev avveXovri BineXv, ovdafiov ' if 
di d)^ roTg TToXefxixoig navtanaaiv. ^H fxiv yctq svra^ia ad^eu 
doxelf Tj de ataxia noXXovg i^drj aftoXoiXexev, 39. ^Entidav M 
yaTaatr^atjaV^e rovg oQxovtag oaovg del, ijv xou rovg AXXovg ctqa' 
Ttoitag avXXsyijrs xal naQa^a^QvvijtB, oJfiai av vfiag navv iv urn" 
Q(^ Tioiijaai' 40. Nvv iilv yuq lacog xal vfmg ata^avea^s aotf 
adviitog flip riX&ov im ra onXa^ ad^vjiaog di Tigog tag qjvXaxdg * 
mgrs ovtod ye ixovrmv ovx olda o ti uv tig yu^ricavro avtoXg ene fv^ 
xtog dtoi ti HtB xou ruiigag, 41. ^Hv de rig aifrmv rQexfjij rag 
yvdfiagf cog fitj rovro fiovov ewomvrai ri tieiaovrai aXXa xal ri 
nQU]CovGij noXv ev^vfioreQoi eaovrai, 42. 'Emaraad'e yaq di^not 
on ovre TtXrj&og eariv ovre h^vg ij ip rqy 7ioXeu(p tag vixag noi^ 
ovaa ' aXX onoreqoi av gvv rolg &boig taig ypv^aXg i^ODfjieveateQa 
t(oatv inl tovg TroXefiiovg, tovtovg cog im to noXv oi ipavtioi o\ 
dtjovtai, 43. 'Evte&vfifjfiai S* syooye, ca ardgegy xal tovto ot. 
OTToaoi fih fiaatevovai l^^v ix navrog rgonov iv roTg TtoXefuxoig, ovtfh 
[lev xaxag re xal alaxQoJgcog im ro noXh anO'&yTJcxovatp ' OTtocoidh 
toy fier d^dfarov iyvcoxaai naai xo^ov ehai xcti dvayxaXov avS'Qconoiif 
neQi de rov xaXmg dnod^vi^axeiv dycoyl^ovrai, rovrovg ogm fiaXXcf 
7icog Kg ro y^qag acpixvovfievovg, xal, ecog av ^maiv, evdaif^oviati' 
j)Ov didyovrag. 44. *!/^ xal Tjfiag 8ei vvv xarafjia&ovrag, iv roi 
ovTQ) yaQ xaiq^ iafxev, avrovg re avdqccg ayad^ovg eJvai xcu row 
aXXovg nagaxaXeiv. 'O fjisv ravt elnmv inavaaro. 

45. Mera de. rovtov elne Xeigiaocpog ' 'AXXa ngoffd^ev fjiev, i 
Sevoq)f»Vf roaovrov fiorov ae iyiyvcoGxov oaov iqxovov 'A-dTjvfuot 
elviu • vHv 8e x«! fTTatva ae, icp n'l^' Xhyeig re xa) ngdrreig xnd 
^ovXolfiTjv av on nXeiarovg ehai roiovrovg ' xoivov yag «f cm; to 
af'a^ov. 46. Kal vvv, tqpjy, fi^ fieXXoofxev, « dvbgeg, dXH antt 
^ovreg fjdrj algeiffd^e ol deofievoi ag^ovrag, xal eXofievoi tjxets elg w 
(4,s6ov rov (Trgatonedov xal rovg aiged^evrag ayere' eneira ixti 
ffvyxaXovfiev rovg d).)ovg argartwTag' nagearco if ^fuv, Icpijy xcu 
ToXfiidrjg 6 xi]gvi. 47. Kat afjia ravra elnmv dveczij, cog (», 
ueXXoiTO aXXa negaivoiro ra (5/oi/«. 'Ex rovrovfiged'tjaap &Qfjfp9' 
teg dvrl fiev KXedg^ov TifiaaicoV Jagdavsvg, dvtl da JSmi^- 
tovg Savd'txXrig 'Axaiog, apti di *Ayiiw KXi&pmQ *A^&^- 


iu^l da Vtivdovog 0iXiqaiog 'Axouog, arrl de nQO^ifov Sevoip&f 


1. 'Enel di ^QijvtOj ^fisga re axi^ov insqiouvs hou eig ro fucof 
{xor 0( oLoxovtEgj xaf edo^ev avzoig ngoqivXaHag aaraazi^carrag avy* 
xaXuv zovg azQaruAiag, 'EttsI da xal ot aXkoi arQarimrai awrih' 
&0V, avaartj ng^tov niv XaiQiaoqiog 6 AaKadaifionog xat aka'^af 
ida' 2. ^Si avdqeg arQarimrai, j^a^e^a fiiav ta TiaQOPta, bnita 
ivdQav cTQOLtriy^v toiovttov araQOfiad'a xal koxo^y^v xou crQatKO' 
t^v ' nqog S an xai oi ifKpi ^AqiaXov ol nqoG'&av avfifiaxoi Snag 
VQodadoixamv rifiag, 3. ''Oficag Sa dat ax tmv naqovifiov avdqag 
iyad'ovg ra iX'&alv not firj vqiiaad'aif aXXa naigaad'ai- OTioog ijv fiav 
Bwcifiad^a xaXmg nxmvzag om^cofia&a ' ai da firj, akla xaXmg ya 
inod'n^axtafiav, vnoxaiQioi da firiTtoTa yavoifia^a ^mvrag loig noXa-^ 
liioig. Oiof^ai yoQ av rjfiag toiavra na&alv olct tovg a^^QOvg ol 
{yaoi Tioi^oaiav, 

4. 'Em rovTcp KXaavmQ ' Og^ofisnog avsatrj xai ala^av ooda ' 
^AlX OQcita (jiaVf oS avdqagy i7]y ^aaiXaoog imoQxiav xal aai^aiav * 
bqata da rrjv TicaacptQvovg aniczkiv, ogrig Xaycov dog yairtov ra 
aiij tijg 'EkXadog xal TTtgi nXalazoif^ av Tzoii^aaizo aoioai, xal 
inl zovtoig avzog 6ii6aa<: ^(uv, avzog de^iag dovg, avzog i^aTiazij' 
cog avvaXa^a zovg azgazriyovg, ajcJ ovde /Jia Siviov ydiad^tj, alia, 
KXaaQX^P >««« o/iozQana^og yavofiavog avzoTg zovzoig a^anazi^aa{ 
zovg avdqag aTTolcilaxav, 5. 'AgtaTog de, ov ^fiaig rj&elofiav §aai 
Xia xa&uyzdvalf xal addxafiav xal aXd^ofitv niaza (jirj nqoddaau 
iXXriXovg, xal ovzog ovza zovg '&aovg dalaag ovza Kvqov zov zad'Vfj 
xoza aidaad^alg, zifidfiavog (idXiaza vno Kvqov fcayro? vvv 71qo% 
rovg axaivov ax^i(5zovg dnoazag rjfjLag zovg Kvqov (piXovg xax^^ 
noiaXv naiqazai, 6. ^uiXXa zovzovg fiav ol -d^aol dnoziaaivzo ' 
^fuig da dal zavza ogmvzag fi^noza i^anazrjd-Jjvai azi vno zovzmVf 
iXXa fiaxofiavovg tog av dvvoifiad^a xgdziaza zovzo o zi av dox^ 
wcltg d'aoTg ndaxaiv. 

7. *Eh toizov Sapoqidov dvlczazai itszaXfiavog an\ noXafiM 4i/^ 



idvrato xdXXiara ' vofii^ooy, f.Ite ^iH^r didouv ol ^eok tov ac«lli 
1ST0V xoafiov T(j> nx^v nqinEiv ' bite relevtav deoi, og&Sg bxbw tm 
xalliotoDP iavtov al^tooGavta iv toitoig trjg teXevttjg rvyxavuf • 
rov Xoyov de riQieto (»de ' 8. T^y /lev xtav ^aq^aQoav iniOQxiaf tt 
xaJ aniatlav Xsyei KXeavmQf imaraa^e de xal vfisTg oJfiat, Ei 
fisv ovv ^ovXevofie&a naXiv avroTg Sia qjiXiag Itvat, avdyxi] ^fiog 
Ttf^XXiiv a&vfAiav ii^iv, OQoiviag xai roig azgatijyovgf oJ dia maretoi 
ttvtoig iavTohg ivexsigiaav, ola nenov&aatv * el fiirtoi diavoovfie&a 
avv toTg OTiXoig oJf te nenoi^xaai. dixTjv ini^tivai avroig xal to 
XoiTibv dia Ttavtog noXifiov avtoTg livai, avv toTg d^eoTg noXkcu 
fjiuv xal xaXal iXnideg elal acozrjQiag, 9. Tovro de Xeyovtog 
avtov ntaqvvtai tig' axovaavteg 8e o* TtQarioijat ndvrtg fuS. 
OQfiy TfQogexvvTjaav rov 4^£ov, Kai Stvoy^wv elns ' ^doxei fioi, to 
av8()sgf ene\ neqi aojtr^Qiag iifi^v Xeyomov olmvbg rov jdtog rov 
2fotriQog fcpavr^y ev^aa&ai t^ ^£q5 tovrqi -^iaeiv o(or^Qta otiov at 
ng^Tov eig cpiXiav %coQctv acptxoifie&a ' <jvve7tev^aa& ai de xal rolg 
aXXoig d^eoig {^vaeiv xata dvvafiiv. Kal orcp doxel ravr^ Hqp^, 
dvatetvaTca ttjv leiQa. Kcti dvireivav dnavrsg. 'Ex rovrov 
ev^avTO xal imucoviGav* ^Enel de ra r^v ^fcof xaXmg t^sv^ 
^^;f€TO ndXiv mde ' 

10. 'Etvyiavov XeytoVf oti noXXal xal xaXal iXmdeg ^fuv ehp 
atatTjQiag. IlQootov fiev yaq rjfiETg fiev efAnedovfiev rovg rmr ^eSf 
OQxovgy ol de noXefiioi BTTKagxi^xaai re xal rag anovdag xai rovg 
OQxovg XeXvxaaiP, Ovto) d^ ixorrcov tlxog roTg fiev noXefiioig ivav- 
riovg ehai rovg d^eohg, Tjfiiv de avfifjidxovg, olneq ixavoi eiai xou 
rovg fieydXovg rajy fiixgovg noielv xal rovg fiixQovg xav ev deivolg 
(oaif (sco^eiv evnex^gy orav ^ovXoDviai. 11. '^Eneira de, (drafivf^ato 
yag vfAoig xat rovg rav ngoyovcav rmv ^(lerigmp xivdivovg^ ha 
Bidtjte fog dyaOoTg re v^uv ngogrjxei thai aoi^ovtai re aifv roig 
&8oTg xatfx ndvv deivmvol dya&oi') eX&ovraov {lev yag Uegarnvxai 
rmv avv avroig nafAnXrid^tl aroXo^ mg dqiaviovvTcov av^ig rag '/^t^jj- 
vag, vTtoarrjvai avroTg 'A&rjvaToi roXfJtriaavreg, ivixtjaav avroig. 
12. Kai sv^dfievoi r'^ '^gtefiidi onoaovg av xaraxdvoiev rm 
noXefiiosv roaavrag ymialgag xara&vaeiv rjj ^£Q), inel ovx eJxw 
ixavag evgeiVy edo^ev avroig xar iviavrov nevraxoaiag d^vHv ' xai 
Sri xai vvv anod^vavaiv. 13 ''Enura ore Seg^tjg varegov ayuQ^i 

LIB. III. CAP. II. 67 


tfip dvagid'fiJjrov atoariav ijXd'ev Im tijv ^ElXdda, nai rots tvixmp 
oi ^fi8T€Q0i nqoyovot^ roiv jovtmv nqoyovovg xaJ x«Ta yqv nai xa» 
tot ^akaxtav. ^Siv sazi fiev z£xi4,i]Qia OQav ra TQonaiu, fAbyiaiot 
a fioQzvQiov tj iXevO^SQta i^v noXtaiv iv alg vfiui^ iysvead^e xai 
itQaq^t^za ' oifdtva yag dv'&QooTZOv HeanoTijv dXXa tovg S'sovg ngog* 
xvrtize. Toiovztav fiev iaze nqoyovrnv, 14. Ov fAsv 8rj tovto ya 
iga (og vfABig xataiax^vveze avzoig ' dXX ovnta noXXai tjfjisgat aap 
ov dt^nza^fxuevoi zovroig joig ixeivoup ixyovoig noXXanXaaiovg 
vfimp avt&v ivindre avv joig 4^BoTg. 15. Kal lore fi€v 5^ nsg] 
Ttjg Kvgov ^aaiXeiag dvdgeg r^ie dyaOoi' vvv S* otzots Tiegl tfjg 
vfursgag amrt^Qiag 6 dyiov iazi noXv dinov vfjiag ngogi^xei xa] 
a^ivovag xcu ngo&v/jiottgovg ehai. 16. ^AXXii fiijiP xai d^aggaXe' 
cjtegovg vvv nginei thai ngog jovg fioXefiiovg. Tote fih ydg 
dmigoi ovtsg avtmv to te TzXrj&og dfistgov og^vteg, o/icag itoXfifj' 
aate avv t^ jiatgio} cpgovtjfiati Itvai eig avtovg * vvv d\ onoze xaj 
fiElgav rfiri s)^£t8 avtoiv ozi ^sXovai xal noXXaTzXdaioi ovteg fjiij 
8ex£o{^ai vfidg, ti hi vfiiv Tzgogt^xei tcvzovg cpo^tiG'&ai ; 17. Mijdi 
uivzoi tovzo fisiov do^Tjte iytiv ei ol Kvgeioi Tzgoa&ev avv ^fiTv 
zattofiivoi vvv dcpBazti'Aaciv ' hi yag ovtoi xaxlovig eiai tmv vcp 
ijficjv f^tti]fJLtv(ov ' ecpsvyov yovv ngog sxeivovg xaraXmovzeg r^fidg, 
Tovg ds i&iXovtag cpvyr^g dgxstv noXv xgsTttov avv toTg noXefiiotg 
Tatto/uvovg ij iv ty tjfietega td^et ogav. 18. El dt tig av Vfjimf 
d&v/iti oti Tjiiiv fifv ovx eiaiv InntTg, toig ds noXejiioig noXXol nd- 
getaiv, iv&vfn]&ritE oti oi /ivgioi innfig ovdlv uXXo ^ fjivgioi eiaif 
dvOgtanoi ' vnh (iiv ydg mnov iv fidyrri ovdeig nmTzots ovze drjj^d^sig 
Gvie Xa'Atia'&tig dne^avev' oi 5' dvdgeg eiaiv oi noiovvteg o ti av 
iv talg (Auxaig yiyvr^rai. 19. Ovxovv tmv ye innetov noXv Tifieig 
in dacpaXeazegov oxrjficttog iafxiv ' oi {ih ydg icp innmv xgifiavtat 
(f,n(iovfitvoi oi'X Tjfidg fiovov dXXd xai to xataneaeiv, rifAeig S im 
tlig y7^g ^e^r^xdteg noXv [itv la^vgotegov naiaofjiev yv tig ngogiri, 
noXv S hi f4,d)Xov otov dp ^ovXdfie^a tev'^Ofied^a. 'En fiovq^ 
ngob^ovaiv oi inntig r^fjidg " qievyeiv avzoig daqjuXe'ategov iativ 5 
iilHv* 20. Ei Se d/j tag fxlv fJidiag {^aggeirey on 5* ovxeti rjiih 
Tiaaacptgvr^g r^yf^aerai ovde ^aaiXevg dyogdv nags^eiy tovto a;f{^«- 
a&e, axixpaa^B nozegov xgeiztov Tiaoaq)igvtjv ijyefiopa e^eiv, og 
iirt^ovXevcov ^fiiv qtavegog iatiVj ^ ovg dv ^fieig dvdgag Xa^ovta^ 


iiyBla&ai xsXevoDfiev ' ol etffovtai on i]v ri neo) jy/wa^ a/ioQrdfuaait 
n€()l tag iavzoiv rpv^ag xai ra aoifiara aixagidvovaL 21. Ta 
^ imtr^deia noteiQOV ^veiad^ai TiQutzov ix zijg ayoQag ^g c^oi 
naQH^ov fiiy.{)a fitTQa nokXov aqyvqiov^ fit^ds tovto sti Bji^ovrag, § 
avTovg Xofi^dfSiVf fjVTiEQ xQaimfieVf fiizQ^i iQUDfiivovg onoaa^ ar 
sxaatog ^ovXtjtai ; 22. El Ss ravza luv YiyvoiaxeTS on xQeitrofo, 
tovg ds notufiovg anoQOv voiii^ers ehai xa\ usydXmg riyua^% 
H^aTzajTj'&iivai dia^dvzsg^ axixpaa&e el aga rovro xcu fACoqotatov 
TiSTTOii^xaaif ol ^dg^aQOi, Ildvreg filv yaq ol Tiorafiol, tjv xai 
nqoam rcor nriymv anoQOi mat, tiqoiovci nqhg rag Titjyag dia^aroi 
yiyvovzai ovde to yovv pQSxovteg, 23. El di fi^'&* ot Tiozafjiol 
dioiaovaiv {jye/Jioiv ts fifjde)g r^fuv (paveizai, ovS cog rifuv y% d&vixijreop. 
^ Enifftd/iE'&a yaq Mvaovg, ovg ovx avrjfji^v q)aiTjfjisv ^sXriovg shaiy 
0? ^aaiXitag axovtog iv ty ^aaiXimg Xf&qa noXXdg re xal fiaydXag 
xcti Ev^aifAOvag noXeig olxovaiv • miardfAB^a ds Usioidag dagavTcos ' 
Avxdovng dn xal avtol eidofiEv oti, iv toTg nebloig ta sqvfjiva xa 
taXa^ovtsg ti^v tovtov x^Q^^ xaQ7iovvtai> 24. Kai rifiag if ap 
qiaiijy iytaye xqrivai fitjnei} (paveqovg eJvai oixade toqfjtrjfievovgf 
aXXa xataaxevd^ead-ai mg avtov nov olxi^aovtag, 07da yaq oti 
xal MvaoTg ^uaiXavg noXXovg fih rjyefiovag av doiT^, TioXXovg f 
uv oiiriqovg tov aboXtog ixTzifxxpHv, xal bdonoiiqaeii y iav at^oig 
xal el <jvv te^qinnoig ^ovXoivto dmivai, Kou rifuv y av oW oti 
tqigdafievog tavta inoieiy si icoqa tifiag fisveiv naqacxevd^OfAivovg 
25. 'AXXa yaq dsdoixa firi dv ana^ (idd^mfABv dqyol fj*' *««* ^ 
dq)d^6voig ^lotevsiv, xal Mrfiaov de xal Ueqamv xaXaig xal fzsydXaii 
yvvai^l xal Tzaq&evoig OfKiXeiVf fit] mgneq ol XoDtoqidyoi BTZiXa'&oifU' 
d'a tTJg oixads odov* 26. /doxeX ovv fioi tlxog xal dixaioy elvat 
nq^tov elg tr^EXXdda xal nqog tovg olxeiovg neiqdad'ai dcpixvelad'ai 
xal imdeii^ai toTg EXXr]aiv oti ixovteg nivovtai, i^ov avtoTg tovg vvf 
01X01 dxXriqovg TzoXitevovtag iv&dde xo^ioafiivovg nXovaiovg oqav. 
*AXXa yaq, oa dvdqeg, ndvta tavta tdyad^a drjXov oti tooy xqatovv- 
tmv iati, 27. Tovto dr^ dsT Xsyeiv Ttag av TioqEvoifie&d ts <og 
aaq)aX86tata xal, el fidxsad^aidsoi, cog xqdttota fjiaxoifis&a, Uq^* 
tov fisv toivvv, sqiri, boxsifioi xataxavaai tag dfjid^ag, dg sxofisv' 
Iva /Jir^ ta t^vyri ijfi^v atqattjyy, dXXd TtoqEvoofAS^a onij av rf 
fft^arm av/MpiqiQ * snsita xai tag cxijvag avyxataxavacu. Altu 

LIB. III. CAP tl 69 

ycLQ av oiXov luv noLQiiovaiv ayeir, avvooqieXovoi de ovdev ovza Big 
TO fid^sa^at ovx elg to la iniTi^deia cjff ty. 28. *Eri de xou loiv oK- 
Xfov cuBv&v za TTEQlTJa aszalXd^atfiep 7i),tiv oca noXiiiov bvehbv ij 
aitfov rj noz^v ey^ofiev ' Iva (xtg nlsiazoi fiev ^fioiv iv zoig onXoig 
£aiVy mg Ikd'^iGzoi de cxevoq)OQ^ai. Kqazovfievtav fiiv yccQ ini' 
araa'&e ozi ndvza akXozqia, ' rjv de xqazafiev, xa\ zovg TzoXefiiovg 
del anevog^OQOvg Tjf^ezsQovg vofii^eiv. 29. Aomov [ioi einelv otibq 
Koi fieyiazov vofil^oo elvai. 'OQcize yaq xa\ zovg noXefiiovg ozt ov 
fiQoa&ev e^eveyxeiv izoX/iijaay TiQog rjfiag nolefiov nqiv zovg czqa- 
Tfyyovg iiiimv avveXa^ov, vofii^ovzeg ovzmv iiev zwv aqyovzcav xa« 
riumv Tieid^ofievcav ixavovg ehai rjfiag neQiyevia^cti r<p noXeiAO^' 
Xa^ovzeg de zovg oQ^ovzag avaqy^ia av xou aza^la ifOfii^ov fjfiag 
anoXia&ai. 30. /lei ovv noXv iiev zovg aqyovzag intfieleozeQOvg 
yevta&ai zovg vvv zmv nqoad^ev, noXv de zovg aQyofitvovg svza- 
xzoT€QOvg xal nei{ybiievovg fialXov zoig aqyovai vvv ^ ngoc'dev, 
31. ^Hv de zig aneid^^, rjv ^rjcpiorjad^e zov de\ v/icov ivivyydvovza 
avv z^ dqypvzi xoXd^eiv, avzoog ol noXeiAioi nXelazov fApevfffJievoi 
Saovzai ' z^de yaq zri ^fiega f^vgiov^ oxfjovzai dvS^ evog Kledgyovg 
zovg ovS evl imzgexpovzag xax^ sJvai, 32. ^AXXa yaq xcti neQai' 
veiv Tidri coQa ' laoog yag ol noXifiioi avtixa naQeaovzai. Oz(p 
ovv zavza doxei xaloog eyeiv, imxvQonGdzro d>g rdyiaza, lya eQytj^ 
fiegaivT^zaL El de zi dXXo ^eXziov § zavz'dy zoXfidzm xal 6 Ididztjg 
diddaxeit • ndvzeg yoQ xoivtjg atazrjQiag deof^e'&a. * 

33. Meza zavza Xeiqiaocpog elnev ' *AXX ei fiiv zivog aXXov 
del TtQog zovzoig oig elne Sevoq}^v, xal avzlxa i^eazai noteiv ' a 
de vvv etQTjxe doxei (aoi cog zdyiGza \priq)laaa&ai dqiazov elvai ' xcu 
OTQ) doxei zavzay dvazeivdzco zijv y^^Q^' '^veteivav dnavzeg. 
34. *u4va<5zag de ndXiv elne Sevocp^v ^fi avdqeg axovaaze ojv 
nqogdeXv doxei iioi, Jr^Xov on noqevead^ai fifiag dei onov e^ofjiev 
ta inizrideia. ^Axovco de, xoifjiag elvai xaXag ov nXeiov eixoai 
tszadicov ifieyovisag, 35. Ovx av ovv d^avfid^oiui el ol noXifiioi^ 
&gneq oi detXol xvveg zovg fiev naQiovzag dtoixovai ze xai ddxvov- 
*jip i]v dvvtovzaij zovg de diwxovzag cpevyovaiv, el xal ovzoi ^fur 
iniovaiv enaxoXov&oiev, 36. "Ictog ovv dacpaXeazegov fjfuv noQeV" 
%a^M nXaiaiov noirjaafievovg zcov onXoav, tva za axevocpoga xcu 
i noXhg SiXog iv cujq^aXeiStBQqf ^. El ovv vvv anolktfj^Bii[ xCvui 


XQh hy^^^^ ^^^ TiXauJiov Kol TO, TiQoadep xocfieh xcu nV«^ cm 
rmp nXevQMV ixatiQiav bJvcu rivag d* OTiuj&ocpvXaxeiry oint if 
onoTS oi 7toXe/4ioi tX&oiEv ^ovXeveaOai iifiag dsoi, alXa XQ^^f^^ 
av ev&vg roig rttayfitvotg, 37. El fiiv ovv ullog rig ^eXtiov oqo, 
aXXoag f/eroo • el de fjitj^ XBi^iaocpog fiiv rjyolro ineidti aou Aay^M- 
daifionog iaii' tmv de nXevgrnv exategmv dvo r^v nQea^vtazfOf 
(StQat7iy&i im/^eloia'&Tiv ' onicd^oqivXaxoifiev de tjfieTg ol veoizajoi 
iyci re xul TifAaffioDP to vvv eivau 38. To de Xomov 7iei(}<6fievot 
tavtf]g t?jg rdiemg^ ^ovXsvffOfie&a o ti av aei xgdiiaiov doxoifi 
sivai. El de rig aXXo oga ^eXriov, Xe^drm, 'ETitl de ovdeig av- 
reXeyev, elnev ' Orfp doxei ravra, avareirdrto rijT j^eiga. 39. ''£• 
doie ravra* A^vv roivvfy eq)7], dniovrag noieiv deirot dedoyfieva ' xm 
ogjig re vfimv rovg olyeiovg eni&vfieT Idelv, fieiiVfja{^<o dvtjg dya&og 
elvai • ov ydg iariv dXXtog rovrov rvx^iv ' oarig rs ^v ini'&vfjietf 
neigdaOco fixav ' r^v fiev ydg nxoivrKav ro xaraxaiveiVy rmv di 
rjrrmfievcov ro dno&vtjaaeiv sarL Kal ei rig de xgwdrviv ini^v- 
fieX, xgarelv Treigdo&co ' rcoy ydg naoivrmv icri xal rd iavrAf 
aoi(^eiv xal rd r^v ^rrmfievoay Xufi^dveir, 


1. Tovrcov Xex^evrfXiv drtartjaav xai dneX^opreg yarexaiof 
rdg df4.diag xai rdg axTjvdg * rmv de negirr^v orov (lev deoiro rig 
fieredidoaav dXXriXoigy rd de dXXa eig ro m>g egglnrovv, Tavra 
noiriaaveg ijgia^oftoiovvro, \4giaronoiov{jiet'oov de avroSv eg^Brcu 
MiO^giddr rjg avr Innevaiv mg rgidxovra, xal xaXeadfievog rovg 
crgarrjyovg elg en^xoov Xeyei cade * 2. ^Eym, ca dvdgeg EXXt^veg, xcu 
Kvgcp marog i]v, mg vfielg im6ra6&ey xal vvv vfiTv evvovg* xal 
h&dde eijii avv noXXii^ cp6^<p didymv. El ovv 6g<^t]v vfidg amr^- 
giov ri ^ovXevofievovg, eX&oifii dv ngog vfidg xai rovg d^egccfrovrag 
ndvrag %ow. jie^are ovv ngog fie ri iv vcp e^^re cog ngog 
q)iXov re xai evvovv xal povXofjievov xoivy aw vfiTv rov aroXof 
TtoieTo'O'ai, 3. BovXevofievoig rolg argatTjyoTg tdo^ev dnoxgiva 
a&ai rdde ' {xai eXeye Xeiglaocpog ') 'Hfuv doxei, el fiev rig id ^fiag 
iniivai otxadey dianogevead-ai ri]v x^Q^^ ^^ ^^ drndjue^a dawi- 
grata * ^ hi ttg tifidg trig bdov dnoxfaXvQy dianoXeiuw r-^vrc^ mi 


ir Swoifie^jL xQaiiaja, 4. 'Ex rovTOv inBiqazo Mid^QiSdriji 
diSaaxeiv tag anoQov eiq ^aaiksmg axovrog ata&^tai. "Ev&a dij 
iyiyvdaxBto on vnonEfAmog etii ' xai yaq imr Tiaaacpegyovg rig 
oixBioiv TrttQrjxoXovd^ei mareong evexa, 5. Kal ix rovzov idoxei 
toiig aTQatrjyoig ^iXtiov eJvat doyfia Tron^aaa-O^ai top noXeiiof 
axr^Qvxtop eJvai egre iv t^ Tzokefjiia elev ' diecp&eiQOP yag nqocioviEg 
7ohg aiQanoiiagf xa\ sva ye Xoxecyov dttq)&eiQav Nixaq^ov 'Aqxa- 
ha ' xat cp/£TO amojv pvxrbg avp av&Qtonoig (ag eixoai, 

6. Meta tavta OQiarijaavtsg xal dia^avxsg top Zd^azop 
TtorafAOP inoQEvoPTO tetayfiipqi ra vno^vyia xal to/ o;jAoy tp fisatfi 
exoptsg, Ov noXv ds nQOsXtjlvd^ozoitp avzmp imcpaipetai naXip b 
Mid^Qiddzt^gf inniag ijfop ^g diaxoaiovg xai to^ozag xal acpepSo* 
vrjtag dg rszQaxoaiovg fidXa iXaq)Qovg xal ev^oipovg, 7. Kai 
trgogi^ei fisp ag q)iXog cop TZQog zovg "EXXijvag ' ine] de iyyhg iyepeTO, 
i^ajziprjg ol flip avzoip bto^svop xal iTzneig xal Txs^olf oi f iacpepdo* 
pdop xat iiiTQtaaxop. 01 d* oniai^oqivXaxEg rmp 'EXXr^poDP tna^xop 
flip xaxmgy dpteTZoiovp ds ovdtp ' ol ze yag Kgljzeg dga^VTega rwy 
Usgffmp izol^svop xal afia xpiXol opzeg stGoa rcoy onXoop xazexBxXsipzo ' 
ol ZE dxopziGzal ^ga^vzEga Tjxopti^ovt ? d)^ i^ixpEiad'ai tmp aq)eP' 
doprizfap. 8. 'Ex rovzov AEPOCf^pri idoxEi dirnxzEOP shai ' xal 
fdioaxop r^p re OTiXirmp xal rmp neXraarmp oi Izv^op cvp avz^ 
bnM^ocpvXaxovvreg ' dioixopzsg ds ovdspa xazeXdfi^apop rmp TZoXe- 
fiitop, 9. Ovze yag iTZTXEig riaap rolg "EXXriaip ovre oi net^ol rovg 
Tis^ovg EX TzoXXov (pEvyovzag idvpapzo xazaXafi^dpEip ip oXiytp 
%fogio^ ' TzoXv yog job^ olop re tip dno zov dXXov argarevfiarog 
dioixetp. 10. Ol de ^dg^agot iTiTXEig xal cpevyopzsg afia izizgoaaxop 
elg rovnia^EP ro^Evoprsg dno r^p Inncap ' bnocop ds ngodioi^siap 
oi EXXj]VEg, roaovrop ndXip inapayicagEXp fia^OfiEPovg sdEi. 11 
Sigre rrjg ^fisgag oXtjg diijX^op ov tzXsop nspze xal eiixoai (jzadicop^ 
dXXa dEiXijg dcpixopzo Eig rag xdfiag. "^Ep&a drj ndXip d^vfiia tip, 
Kal Xtigf(To(pog xal oi ngEa^vzazoi rosv azgazrjymp Sspoq)mpra §- 
riMPZo OTi sditaxEP dno rijg cpdXayyog xal avzog re ixipdvPBve xal 
zovg TToXefilovg ovdsp fidXXop idvpazo ^Xdnrsip, 

12. '^xovaag ds b Sspocpoip sXsyEP on bgd'mg '^rtoipro xal 
airo rb Igyop avzoTg fiagrvgoiij. 'AXX iym, Bqftj, ijpayxdc^fjp 
^eixeiPf ineidii mgoup rifidg ip 7(p fiipeip xaxng flip ndffj^opiagy avxie 


nouip d* ovdep bwafiivovg, 13. ^EnsiSrj da iduixoftev, aXti^t 
iqiij, vfjisig Xeyezs ' Haxmg fih yog no^Blv ovdiv (ioXkov idwdfis^a 
zovg noXeuiovg, avEitoQOviiBv 8i navv j^aXen^g' 14. Tolg ow &e<M4 
X^^ti" OTi oh avv TtoXXlji goifin aXXa (jhp bXiyoig fiX^ov ' (5gre ^kdxffcu 
f4€v firi iiB^akdy dt^X^aai de, oav de6fu{^a» 15. Nvv yog ot fUf 
aoke'fiioi rol^Evovai aai aq}ev5ormaiv o<5ov ovte oi Kqlqteg ay rtToJav- 
tiv di'vavrai ovre ol ix ;f6«^6? ^dXXovteg i^ixveiad'ou ' otav A 
avTOvg dioixoifiev, noXv fjiiv ov^ oiov TByifoqiov ano tov atQateviia' 
tog 8i(iy.eLv, iv 6Xiy(p de ov^ el raxvg eiij ne^bg ns^ov of 
dfooxeoy xataXddoi ix to^ov qifiatog, 16. ^Hfjietg ovv el fol- 
XofiEv jovtovg HQyeiv (ogze firi dvvaad'ou ^Xdnietv ^fidg noqevoiU' 
vovg, (jqjevdovrjTow te ti]v taxiotrjv del xou Innioav* Wxovoo i 
eivai iv t^J) cTQatevfiati tjiioov 'Podiovg, oaf tovg noXXovg cpaaw 
iniaTaad^ai aq}efdovav, xal to ^eXog avtwv xou dinXdaiov cpeQec^m 
imv IlEQaiHmv <jq)evdovmv. 17. 'ExeTvm yuQ, dta to j^ee^o^rXi^i^eVi 
ToTg Xi&oig 6cpev8orav in) ^Qayy i'^ixvovvrai * ol di ye 'Podioi xou 
taig fjioXv^diaiv imazavtai xQ^(y^c^i- 18. ^•^*' ovv avrmv inufxe- 
\p(6fieda riveg mnaprai cqtevdovag, xou to-vroov t^ fjisv i&fUf 
avToav dgyvQioVf i(p de dXXag TiXixeiv i&eXovti aXXo aQyvQiop 
teXmfJieVf xal tq) 6q>evdovav ivtetayiievqi e&iXovji aXXr^v Ttfi 
ariXeiav evgiaxoofjievy laosg tiveg cpavovvtai Ixavol tjficig (aqteXeif, 

19. ' Ogm 8e xaJ iTZTiovg ovtag iv T(p argateviAati, xovg uiv rivag 
nag ifzol, jovg 8e tq5 KXedg^cp xataXeXeififiivovg ' noXXovg de xou 
dXXovg aixi^aXoiTovg axevocpogovviag. ^Av ovv rovtovg ndviag 
ixXi^avteg 6xevo(f6ga fiev dvridmfieVf rohg de mnovg elg Inniajg 
xaracsxevdffODfJiev, ictag xal ovroi ri rohg cpevyovrag dvidaovaiv, 

20. ''Edo^e ravTU ' xal ravtrjg rtjg vvxtbg acpevdovijtai fiev elg 
diaxoaiovg iyevovto, Innoi de xal Inneig idoxifidad'tjoav zy vazegou^ 
elg nevti^xovra, xal azoXddeg xal d'oigaxeg avtoig enogla&ijaaiif ' 
xai tnnagxog de eneazdd"ri Avxiog b UoXvctgdtov *Ad-i]vcuog, 


1. Meivavzeg de zavrrjv ti^v rjfiigav z'j^ aXX'd inogevopzo ngm 
Xaizegov dvaatdvteg ' x^Q^^Q^^ 7^Q f^^'^ovg evei dia^tjvou iff f 
iqiofiovrzo fiij im^otrto avzotg dia^aivovaw ol noXe/uoi, 2 Jmh 


eptixoci di arnoig nahv (pamrm 6 Mi&QiSdtijg, ixcof innia^ 
iXiovg, to^oiag di xat aq)epdofi^Tag sig zeTQax^gxiXiovg ' 
oaovTovg yoQ iQrriGB Tiaaaq)SQvrjv xai Dm^bp^ vnoaxof^vog av 
ovTovg Xd^n no^adoiaeiif avt^ tovg '^EHrjvag^ xataqiQovt^aagf 
u iv t5 TTQOG'&ev TiQog^okri oXiyovg l/oof Sna&s fiev ovdsv, noJla 
B xaxa ivifAiiCe noiTJaai, 3. 'Ettsi de oi ''EkXriveg dia^e^Jinoteg 
[jieTxop 'trig lOQadQag oaov oxtm ojadiovg, dis^aive xai o Mid^Qi^ 
'dtr^g sx(ov rr^v dvrafxip, IlaQriyytkto ds rcSy rs TtEkxaaj&v ovg 
del dioixeiv aai rmv OTihtmv, xal zotg innevaiv eiQTjro &a^QOV6i 
idxeiv, cog icpexponivrig Ixavrig dwdfjietog. 4. 'Etzsi de o Mi&Qi^ 
dttjg xarciAjJqpc/, xaJ l^dij <Tq}evd6vai xal to^evf^ata i^mvovpto, 
ariii^pe roXg "EkXriai tr^ (sdXniyyi, xai evd^vg e&eop Ofioae oig 
iQijTO xai 01 mneTg rjlavvop' ol de ovx idi^aPTo, aXX eqtevyov 
m Tt^p x^Qddqap, 5. 'Ep ravTrj ty dioi^ei roTg ^UQ^dqoig zmp 
:b Tie^mp dm&apop tioXXoI aal tmp Innitap ip ty x^gddga foooi 
*XT^cpd'j^Gap elg 6x70}Kaidexa ' tovg 5* aTtoOapoptag avToxelevatoi 
n "EXXripeg yxiaapto, cog ou q)0^eQoiratop toig TZoXefiioig eirj bgap, 

6. Ka\ ol flip noXifAioi ovtco ngd^apreg aTtrjX&op ' ol If ^EXX^- 
*eg dacpaXmg nogevofiepoi to Xoitzop rrjg ^fiegag, dcpUovro em rov 
Tiygrita noTUfiop. 7. *Eptav&a noXig i]p egrifiri, peydXtj, opofia 
f aifjy. ^p yidgiaaa ' f^xovp If avrrip 1:0 naXaiop Mrjdoi • rov de 
mxovg TIP avtrjg to evgog nevte xaJ eixoai nodegy vxpog f exatop' 
rov de xvxXov r^ negiodog dvo Tiagaadyyai * (^xodofirjro de nXip&oig 
<egafiiaig ' xgrjmg de vtitjp Xi&ipt], to vxpog eiixoai nodmp, 8. Tav' 
tijp ^aaiXevg 6 Uega^p, ote.Tiaga Mridcop tijp dgxrjp eXdfi^apop 
Tlegaai, noXiogx^p ovdepi rgoTrcp idvpato eXeip' ijXiop de pe^eXij 
ngoxaXvxpaaa ijcpdpioe, fieXQ^^ e^eXinop oi apd-gmnoi, xal ovtmg 
idXm, 9. Tlagk tavtriv tijp noXip ^p nvgafiig Xi^iptj, to fiep evgog 
ipog nXei^gov, to de vxpog dvo TiXe&gcop, 'Em tavtrjg noXXol t&f 
htQ^dgmp f]Gap, ex tap nXtjaiop xcofjimp anonecpevyoteg, 

10. *Eptev&ep iTiogev&tjaap ata^iiop epa nagacdyyag IJ 
r^ff reixog egijfJioPy fieya, ngbg ty TioXei xeifiepop ' opofia f tjp rjj 
toXei MsijmXa' M'tjdoi f avti^p note ^xovp, ^Hp de fi fiep x^jy- 
ti^ Xi^ov $€<T70? xoyxvXidtoVy to evgog nept^xopta nod&v xai 
4 mitog nspt^xopta, 11. 'Em de tavty encpxodofAtjto nXirdwof 


Tetx^Cf rh fiip evgog Ttevn^xovta Ttolfmv, to di wpog Sxarop ' f ol 
di xvxXov Tj nsQiodog ?5 Tiaqaadyyai, *Evrav^a ikiyero MtiHia 
jvrrj ^aaiXtmg xaracpvyeiv, ozs anmXeaav ri^v ^^h^ ^^o IleQamf 
Mifdoi. 12. Tavtrjv de rrjp nohv nohoQTimi' 6 Tleqaw ^aciXAq 
oifK iSvvaro ovts XQ^^^ ^^^^^ ovte ^tigc • Zevg f ifx^Qorr^ovg noiu 
tovg ho Hovvragf aal ovrcog idloa, 

13. ^Ertev^ev f iTroQev-^rjaav ara^fiof ha nagaaayyag rittotr 
Qug. Eig Tovtov de rov oraOfiov Tiaaaq)SQyi^g ineqiivriy ovg u 
avrog inniag liX&ev sxodv xal ttjv ' Ogovtov dvvafiiv zov trjv ^aci- 
Xmg &vyazfQa ex^vtog xai ovg KvQog ixoav avi^ri poQ^aQovg, xaJ 
ovg 6 ^aaiXimg ddeXcpog sxcov ^aaiXei f^or^d'stf xal ngog rovtoig 
oaovg ^aaiXevg edoaxsv avt^ * &gre to atQatevfia nafinoXv iqidvti, 
14. 'Etzh de eyyvg fysvero^ rag fiev rcof Tajccof elxev onuj^ev 
xaiaati^aag, rag de elg ta nXdyia naQayaymv ifA^dXXeiv [liv oim i 
iroXfAt^asv ovS' i^ovXero diaxirdvveveiV aqievdovav de TtaQi^eili 
xal TO^evBfv. 15. 'Etzb) de diatax^evteg oi 'Podioi iatpepdovt^cof 
xal oi 2!xv{}ai to^otai ito^evaav xal ovdeig {jfidgzapsv dfdQog, 
ovde yccQ ei ndvv nQO-^vfioho qadiov ^, xal 6 Tiaaacpiqvr^ 
fidXa laxicog l^oo ^eXmv dnextoqei xal al dXXai jd^eig anexciQtjdap, 
16. Kai 70 XoiTTOV trig rjfiSQag oi fiiv enoqevovto, oi d* eitiovzo* 
xal ovxhi BGivovTO ol ^dq^aqoi ty rote dxQO^oXiasi ' [jiaxQ6rsQ09 
ydg 01 re "Podioi rav UeQamv eacpe'i'dovfav xai rav nXeiatcov ro^o 
Tcoy. 17. MtydXa de xal rd ro^a rd Uegaixd iariv ' £gtB XQ^I 
oifia \v OTioaa dXiGxoiro r^v ro^evfAdrtov roTg Kgrjai' xcu dure 
Xovv xQ^i^^voi rolg rmv noXeixitov To^evfiaffij xal ifjieXtztx^v zo^siett 
dvco Itvreg fiaxgdv. Evqlaxero de xai vevQa noXXd ev rtug xot 
uatg ncu fioXv^dog, mgre ;f^5(T^af eig rag acpevdovag, 

18. Kai ravrri H'^'^ ^5 Vt*jQ!f> y?-** xareorQaroTiedevovro oi 
^EXXrjreg xdfiaig enirvyovreg, dnrj^ov oi ^dq^aqoi^ ueXov exom^ 
1 fV ry rqre dxqopo/.i(fei * rrj^ de entovaav rjfisqav e/ieipuy at ^EU.i^ 
xal eneairffu^TO' ^^v ydq noXvg clrog h ralg xrofiaig. Tjj i{^ 
mreqaia inoqevovro did , rov neolov, xal Tij^aamoyisg elntiar 
axqo^oXi^ofievoQ. . 19. 'fev^a d/j ol "EXXr^reg syrmffatrort njdimif 
iiSonXevqpv novrjQa rd^ig eitj noXefiltov enofievrnv. ^yfvdyx^ yif 
icup, ^i' (Aev (Tvyxvnz'Q rd xeqara rov nXaiaiov ^ bdov aT^pmriQtfi 

LIB. III. CAP.XYj..-*^'^ ^ . 76 

toQ xaJ noQEveaWai novriQcog, aud uiy nitCdtiivovg, Sjia . Si naf^ ; o 

>^*YaQafTouppgpg'^acr^ ovgxQ^(yfovg eirai ava/piri ara^xoyg opiag. 

-4</20. "Oxouv S* du^-ff(igxu J^ xsQaza, avdyxi] d^a^^^a^uLaojIjg Tore 
ix^hSouevovg xal xifhv^ yiyvead^ai to fitoov Tcay neQdt<ay xai 
aiTVfieiv tovg tavra Traaxovrag rav jiolsfiicDV snofitvoDV, Kcu 
6^6H Siot^ymvoav diaBaivetv, .n aXlrv tiva duiBaatVi eanevdev ..,^,c 
lAaGTOg pov/,Ofievog cpiraaai ngoaroc; • xat eveniiTBzov tjv svTavira 

^ Totg noXsfiiotg. 21. 'EttsI ds tavTU iyvcoaav qI atQatijyo), inoi' 
f^aavro f| f^ojovg ava exatop avogag aai Koiayovg ETtsarrjaav aai 
oiXXovg 7Tevri]}iOV7tJQag nai aXXovg ipooiiOTdiQxag. Ovroi ds tioqbvo^ 
uBvoi ol XoxctyoL onoiB iiiv 6vyxv7itoi ta xtQuta, vntfuvov vnte- 
QOif Sgre firj ivo^eTp roig xegaai ' tors ds Tragr^yov f^m&ev rmp 

K Ksgdroov. 22. ^OnoxB de did^xoiBv al TzXEvgai rov nXaioiov, to 
uiaov dvB^Bmiin}M6av, bI fisv ffrevoirBgov Biri to disxov, xaza ' ' " 
Xo^ovg' Bids nXiizvTBgov, aatd TtBVTTjyoGtvg • bi di Ttdvv nXatv, xar / 
ipoofiOTiag ' (SgtB ubI BxnXBmv Birai to fjisaov. 23. El de xaJ dta- ^ 
QalvBiv tiva Ssoi 8id^aaiv // y^qivgav, ovk itagdttopto, dXX ip t$ 
fiegBi 01 Xo^ayol diB^aivov ' xdi bi nov 8eoi ti tTjg qjdXayyog^ Bnina- 
Qqaav ovTOL ^ Tovtqt t^ tgomp STiogBv&riaav <5tad^iiovg thtagag, 

24. Hnkd de tov muntov enogevovto bISov ^aaiXstov ' 
ti xaJ negl avto Hm/jiag TioXXdg ' t/^v tB 68ov Ttgog to xotgiop 
tovjo dice yTjX6q)(ov vxprjXmv yiypofjiBVijv, ol, xa&rjaov dno tov ogovg, 
v(p qf fiv xcof^rj. Kal eldov fABV tovg yrjXoqiOvg dafievoi ol EXXrjvBg, 
mg Bixogy t^v TtoXBfitoDP ovtwp i717tb(ov, 25. ^Enu de TrogBvofievoi jf 
ex TOV Tied tov dpe^riaav em tov ngmiov yrfXoqiov xaJ xate^aivoVy 
cog em tov stBgov ava^aiBv, eptav&a Bmylyvovtai ol ^dg^ctgoi hou 
ino tov vxpTjXov eig to ngavtg e^aXXov, sawBvdopmv, eto^evOv vno 

yi fAa(TTiyoiyv 2o. nai noXXovg 'AaTBt^oaaxov yiOi exgatTjtTar tcof 
'EXXi^voiv yvfJivi^Tcav xai xatexXBiaav avtovg Biao) tmv oTrXoav' mgte 
nanaTzaai tavtriv tr]p tjuegav dynriatoi Jjaav h t^ oyXcp ovtBg xai u* 
cqterdovJjtai xaJ ol to^ozai., 27. 'EttbI de tzibI^o^bvoI ol EXXijvBi 
ifnx^fgtjcav dioixBiVf (^xolrj fCfv em to uagov dqiixvovvtai onXirai OV' 
teg ' ol de noXe'fiioi tayv dvBmjdoov. 28. TldXip de onotB amoiep ngog, 
ri SXXo fftgatevfAUy tavta enaaiov ' xai em tov dBvtigov yr^Xocpov 
tvAta i^iy^ifo ' £gts UTto tov tgitov yriXoqiov idofyv ovtoi^ vvy 


Y,(Vki% Tot»' 6TQatioo7ag nXriv ano TTjg oe^iag nkevQug zov nkn^ 
liov uit'yayov TieXzaatag TiQog to OQog. 29. 'Enel S" ovtoi iyivof^ 
TO into Tcoy B7tofiiv(ov TToXefiioDv, ovKtri insti^evto ot ttoXsiuoi 
' ToTg aata^alvovGi^ dtdoixottg fiij aTrojfAj&eRjisav aal afjiq)OTSQm&EP 
avrodp ytvoivTO oi TioXtfitoi* 30. Ovtta to Xoittov r^g ^[UQag 
fiOQtvofiivof, oi fifv tJ 65q5 nata rovg ytjX6(povgf ol ^« xara to /. 
0^0^' iniTTaQiovztg, aq^Uovzo dg tag xoifJiagy xal latqovg xarsatij 
aav oxTG) Tzolloi yuQ i^aav o/ TEtQcofievoi.^ ^^ * v^^ <, ,*^j«.v « 
31. 'EvtavV^a sfieivav rjfisQag tgeig xal tcov tstgrnfAevmr Ivexa 
xai dfia imti^dsia noXXa elyov, aXev^l olvov, xgW^g tjiTtoig avfji- 
^e^Xrjfisvag jioXXdg. Tavra di ovvriyiAtva tjv t^ aatQansvovti tijg 
XcoQug, Tejagtri f fjfisQa xata^aivovaiv eig to nedlov. 32. 'Ensi 
3e xateXa^ev avtovg Ti6Gaq)SQprjg avv ty dwdfisi, idida^sv ainovg 
// avdyxfj xataaxtjvrjaai ov ngmtov eldov xoi/irjv xal (xij noqevead^cu 
eti fiaxofjLSvovg ' tzoIXoi yaq r^dav anofiaxot oi tSTQCHfJiivoi, xal oc 
^xEivovg q>e()ovt£g xai oi toiv qitQovtdDv ta onXa ds^dfuwoiT^^ 33. 
Emi di xateaxtjvtjaav xal inexsiQrjaav avtotg axgopoli^ed^ai oi 
^dq^aqoi TZQog trjv xoifiTjv TtQogiovieg, ttoXv TifQujaav oi ''EkXipeg * 
noXv yag 8(tq)eQ0v sx x^Q^^ o^jiiiSi'Tl^ dXe^oi!a&ai ^ TroQevo- 
fievoi 87nov6i toTg nokefiioig fidxsO'&aiA^ 34. ^Hvixa f r^v fjdq 

/^ ^eiXrj, ^ga tjv dmsvai toTg noXefimg ' ovnors yag fiuov anBatga- 
t07Te88vovro oi ^dg^agoi tov 'EXXrjmxov iSjxovta ataditav, (po^ov 
(Atvoi fit] trig vvxtog oi "ElXrjveg imi^mvtai avtotg. 35. Hov^^oi^ 
yag vvxtog iffn atgdtevfAa Ilegaixov, Ol ts yag ititzoi avroTv 
dtdevtai xai mg imto noXv nenodiefiivoi elal tovii)] (ptvyftv uexa 
el XvOelfjaav Idv ti tig d^ogv^og yiyvrjtai, det iniGa^i tov iTZTTOt 
risgari dv^gt, xal ^f^Xivmaai dti xal d^fagaxiai^ivta dru^T^tni im 
TOV iTiTTOv. Tavta de ndvta x^x-Xena noieiv rvxt(og xal Oogv^nv 
ivtog. TovTOv svexa noggta aTzeaxtjvovv tmv 'EXXi^vocv, 

36. 'Etth di lyiyvcoaxov avtovg oi ^EXXriveg ^ovXofJievovg dnu- 
pat xai dtayyeXXofitvovgy ixrjgvis toig EXXtjal GV6xsvd^sa{hat uxov' 
ortoov tmv noXsfiimv. Kal xgovov fav tiva Iniaxov tqg nogfitti 

, , oi ^dg^o^goi, instdr] de 6\pe iyiyveto, anxisaav' ov yag iSoxti 

'"' Xv^v'^avToYg vvxtog nogeveapai xal xatdyead'ai im to aiga^ 

xone^ov, 37. 'ETiBidtj Si Sdcpeffg dniortag tjdrj ioigmv oi'^EXX^H^t 

iaoQBvovto xa/ avtol ava^Bv^avtBg^ xai di^A^of ocov i^^wftt 


L^ B. III. CAP. IV. 7 

iftadiovg • xoT yiyvtrai roaovrov fista^v tmi- ctQatiVfidttov mgn 
ry iiJTSocua ovx iq)avtjaav oi TToXefiioi ovds rjj r^trg * rj ds TBroQ* 
TTj wxrbg nQOsX&opteg xataXa/i^dvovci itoqlov VTiegde^iov ot 
Bdo^oQot, ^ eiieXVof' oi ^'EU.ijves nctqiivai, aw^^Svif^Cdv OQOvg^ v(p 
tjv ri xard^aaig ^ eig to rndiov, 38. ^Eneidrj de ioiga XsiQiao » --p 
cpog TiQoxa^ilrjfifMvrjv it^v axqmvvxiav, xaXei Ssvooiavta ann ryg 

^ ov^ag xai xeXavei Xa^oma rovg nsXtaaiag Trag^'evtaS^ai etg to 
nooad'Bv. 39. '0 dk Ssvocp^p rovg fisv neXtaatag ovx ijyev ' In^ 
^(^fdu^fHi^ yuQ ioiga Ti(!<5aq}iQVfiv xcu ro atQatevfjia nav ' avroi 
de TZQogeXdaag iiQdta ' Ti xaXsTg ; 'O de Xiyei ahr^ ' "'E^eartt' 
OQav ' TiQOxaTeiXrjTZTcu yag f^fuv 6 vneq jrig xara^daeoog XSqiog, xai 
ovx eat I TiageXd^eipy el.firi tovtovg dnoxo-ipofiev. 'AXXa ti ovx rjyeg 
tovg neXtaatdg ; 40. * be Xiyei oti ovx idoxet avt(^ egrj/ta xa- 
taXiTTEiv ta onca^ev noXeiAimv i7iiq)aivof4,6V(ap. 'AXXa fzrjp 
mqa y , tqpjy, ^ovXevead^ai n^g tig tovg drdgag dneXa ano tov Xo- 
q)0v. 41. 'Evtav'&a Sevocpojv oga tov ogovg ttjv xog^cprjv vneg 
avtov tov iavt^v atgatevfiatog ovaavy xal dno tavtrjg £q)oSor im 
tov Xoqiov W^a ^aav ol noXifiioi, xai Xsysi ' Kgdtiarop, c3 XaigiGogje^ 
rjfup lea&ai tag tdxujta im to dxgov * r^v yag tovro Xd^tafjier, ov 
dvp^aopttti fjiivetp ol vneg trig odov, ^AXXy el ^ovXei, {live im tcp 
atgatevfiati ' iym de i'&sXoa Tzogevea&ai ' el dl XQV^^^^' nogevov 
9tti to ogog, syco de fiepo} avzov, 4^. AXXa oiocDfii ooi, ecpt] o 
Xetgiao(pogf onotegov ^ovXet, eXia&ai, Elnmp 6 Sepocpmp oti pern 
rsgog iatip, aigehcu nogeiea&ai' xeXevei de ol avfimii\\)ai dno 
tov atoftatog dpdgag * fiaxgav yag ijp dno trjg ovgdg Xa^tiv, 43. ^ 
Kat o Xetgiaocpog avfine/jinei tovg dno tov at 6 fiat og neXtaatdg * 
iXa^s de rovg xatd fiiaop tov nXaiaiov. Hvpinea&ai S' IxiXevaep 
ttift^ x€u tovg tgiaxoaiovg ovg avt'og elie tcop eniXsxtcap inl 
t^ atofuxji tov nXaiaiov, 

44. *Eptevd'ep inogevopto cog idvpapto td^iata, 01 S" in) 
tov Xowov noXeaioi-f Ag evoriaap aytcop trip nogeiap inl to dxoop^ 

"^^^ttt&vg xai avtoi cogiiriaap afjujjia^d^ai em to axgop, 45. Kar. 
iptavd'a noXXrj fjiep xgavyrj rjp tov'EXXrjpixov atgatevfiatog diaxe- 
Xavofiiptop totg eavtmv • noXXij de xgavyrj t^p dfjicpi Tiaaaipsgptjp ' 
tcig iavtcop diaxeXevofiepcop* 46. Sepotfi^p de nageXavpoop inl 
* tmav ffagexBXsveTO ' ^jivdgeg^ vvv in) tiiv ^EXXdda po^il^tzi 


ufuXkaadaij tvv ngo^ rovg nalbag x«/. rag yvpatxag, 9vp oXlyof 
rrop/i<savrtg afiaxtl 't\v Xoin\v noQtvanut&a. I^tatriQidag de i 
2irAV(6nog Bintv 47. Ovh i^ laov, <a Stvoqimv, iofiev av 
fitv yuQ icp Innov 0)(Ji, iyo) de ^faAejrw^ xdixra rr^p aanida q^tQODp, ' 
48. Kiii og axov6ag tavta naianrid^aag aTio tov iTinov, d^iizcu ' 
avrov ex rtjg ta^scog xm rt^v aamoa aq)t/i.o/jiEvog (ag EOvvaro ro^^ 
XiGta^ inoQEveTO, 'Eivyxave de xce! d'dgaKa sj^iav rov Innixof' 
oigjs imtgho. Ka\ toTg fi€v tfingot^d^ev vnayuv nctQexeXevsto, 
zoig de OTZta&sv, naQiivai, jwjjg^no^evot^. 49. 01 f aXXui 
' aigatiojtai nuiovai xa/ ^akXovai xaJ XoiSogovqi tov 2J(OTtjQidav, igrs 
''"**' if'dyxaddv la^ovta rr^v aamda fiOQSvea&ai, 'O ds ava^ag, ?mg 
uev ^daj^d t]v, im tov Innov r^sv ' bttsI Se a^ata t]v, xataXuimf 
top mnov IffTzevds Tie^'j^. Kai (p&dvovaiv im t^ axQ(p ysvofisfoi 
tohg noXefiiovg. 


CAP. V. 

1. ''Evda dtj oi fxev ^dg^aQOi atgacpsyteg tqisvyov ^ ixacto^ 
Idvvato ' oi S E}lt]V£g eixov to uhqov, 01 8e afi(pl TiGaaqitQvrjp 
xaJ ^u4QiaXov anorqanoiiBvoi dXXt]v odov ^y;pvto ' oi de dfif^l Xsi- 
Qiaocpov, xata^dvteg sig to TiedioVf ifftQatojiedemavro iv xd/iri f**' 
aty TToXXmv aya&(av, Haav ds xai. dX),ai xoj^ae noXXal tzX^qeis 
TioXXoiv dya{y6jv iv tovt(p tw nedicp naqd tov Tlyq^ta notafAOV, 
2, 'Hvixa 5* yv deiXi], i^amvr^g oi TzoXefiioi imq)alvovrai iv f<p 
nediciJf xaJ tmv ^EXX/jvodv xarixoxpdv tivag tmv ianadaafitvosy iv ta 
7Zf8lq)y xad^ aQTiay/jv • yea) ydq vofiai noXXai ^oaxtjfidtoiy diot^i^a' 
^ofiEvui eig to nsQUv tov nozafiov xateXr^cp&r^oav, 3. 'Evtav&a 
TiaaacptQvrjg xai oi avv avt^ xamv insj^etgrjaav tag xdnag- Km 
t^v ^EXX^voiv fidXa r^x^vfirjodv tiveg, ivvoovfJiEvoi iirj tct iTziti^deiOf 
El xaioiEv, ovx t)(^oiEv onodEv XafA^dvoiEv, 4. Kal oi ^ev afi(pi 
XEtQiaoq)Ov dnr^Eaav ix ttjg ^orjiiyEiag ' 6 di SEvocpoov inEi xaTfpijf, 
naQeXavvmv tug td^tig ijvixa dno trig ^orjd^^Eiag dnr^vttiaa/9 « 
EXXtjvEg iXfyhv * 5. ' OQUte, cp dvdgEg "EXXi^vEf, vcpiEvtc^ fp 
Xoigav rfiri rjiisttgav Ehai ; % yag ote ianiviovto di€7zgdtt<ipt0, 
Mtj xaiup tfjv ^aatXmg ^oof^ai', tvv avtol nalovaip mg aUiQtQimf 

LIB. III. CAP. V 79 

*j4XXa iav nov y^ataXintaai ys avtoTg la mmfi^ia, Sxpovtou xcei 
Tjfiai; ivrav&a nogevofitvovg, 6. ^AXX, c3 XeiQicocps, ligp?/, doxd 
[jLOi ^orfiuv ml rovg xaiovrag cog vmq rJjg rnjiersQag. *0 ds Xeigi- 
coq^og tJnBv ' Ovxovv iiioiya doxei' aXXa xal rji^sTg, Iqujy xaioauePf 
ual ovroD &aTZOv nav6ovrai, 

7. ^EnEi S im rag axt^vag aTtlqkd^ov, ol fisp aXXoi tisqI ta ini' 
tr^dsia ^aav, GTQatTjyol de xal Xoxc^yol cvvrjX'&oy, Kal ivraxf&a 
TtoXXtjafibQiix, j]v. "^Ev&ev fiev yag OQtj t]v vTregmp^Xa, iv&Bv de 6 
TtOTUfiog TOGovTog TO ^d&og dg ixrjde ra dogara VTregt^^eiv TTEt^OD- 
fieroig tov ^d&ovg. 8. ^Anogpvfiiioig Ss avroig ngogsX&cov rig 
apfjg 'Podiog elnev * 'Eyw {^Acd, ca dv8geg, dia^i^daai vfidg xata 
rezgaxigxtXiovg oqXiTug, civ ifiol (av deofjiat VTTTjgeti^aTjte xal rdXav- 
tov fiiab^ov TtoglarirB, 9. ' EgatToifAevog de otov dtoiTO, 'j4gx6sv, ^ 
sqiT^, digxiXicov derjcofiai' noXXa de ogm ravra rzoo^ara xai alyag 
}ca( Dovg xai ovovg, a aTtoo^gevzct xai q)vdyvevta gaoimg av na- 
ge^oi ZTjv did^aaiv, 10. jdei^aojiai de xa} rav deafJimv olg xQtl(5^^ 
tisgi ta vnw^vyia' tovioig ^evcag tovg aaxovg ngog aXkij- 
Xovg, 6gfjii(ittg ?xaarov doxov Xid^ovg dgri^qag xal aoielg cogneg dy- 
icvgag, eig to vdoog de ayay^v xal diACpoxegta^ev dmag, im^aXS 

0^ '•■•■ tt /^ ' \ T > fc/o;- 

r • I t 

t ,'/«>' 

vXtjv xal yijv i7ticpog?JG<o. 11. "'On [iev ovv oh xatadvmG&B 
avrixa fidXa eiGEGxTs ' nag yog aGxog dvo dvdgag s^ei tov fit] xaro- 
Qwtu tagxB oe (jirj oKiGv^aveiv rj vXtj xai ij yrj GiriGU, 

12. 'AxovGaGi ravra roig GTgaTTjyoig to fiev iv&vfjirjua )^a£ief^^ ' " 
iooxei Bivaiy to oe egyov aoyvazov r^Gav yag oi xoaXv^qvT^g negaf 
ttoXXo) inneigj oi ev&hg JoTg nociroig ovdev av enetgmov rovtmf 
noieiv. lo. Evzavira ti^v fiev vGtegaiav BTravsxcogovv^ eig rovii- 1 
naXiv [/}] ngog Ba^vX^va sig tag dxavGTOvg xcafxag, xaraxavGavzeg 
Iv&ev i^T^SGav ' mgts ol TtoXefjiioi oi ngogi^Xavvov, dXXd ed^^vto ^^ ^ ^ 
xal ofAOiOi riGav ^avfid^eiv onoi note tgs^S'vtai ol "EXXt^veg xal ri 
iv vc^ exoiev. 14. 'Evtav&a ol futv dXXoi Grgari^tai dfiq)l ra 
iniz^deta ^cav ' o* de azgatriyol xai ol Xo^ayol ndXiv GvvTJXxyoi\ ll^\X 
xal avrayayovzeg tovg aixf^aXdzppg JiXeyypv trjv xvxXcp naGav 
jfogav tig exaGtri eui* 15. 01 S iXeyov ozi ta fifv Tzghg {iBGrifA- 
Ifgiav ti^g im Ba^vXma Bit] xa) Mrjdiav, dl iigneg ijxoibv 7? di ^l!^ 
^ MQog Boa em £ovGa tB xai Lxpatava cpigoi, Bvira usgi^eiv xat C 
ia^^i^r Ajtyezai fktaiXsvg * fj de dia^dvti tov notayhv ngog sGni* 


Qav im Av^iav xoci 'Imvlap qiigoi ' 17 di dia tSp oqioA k'u nqhi 
&QHTOV TET QaiifjLtvri Oil Eis Kagdovxovg ayou 16. Tovzov^ f sqiO' 

, cav oixeip ava za ogrj xal rtoXeiuxovg elvai xoi ^aatJJiog ovx 
ai(oveiv ' u}la xai ifi^aXeiv note tig avtovg ^aatXinhv GiQazioLv, 
otooEKU [AVQiaoag jovKav oe ovoeva anovoat^ai oia t^ ovgxtO' 
Qiav ' iinotdfiBiftoinQog tov GaiQanriv tov aV t$ neditp cnelaaivto^ 
xai tm^iyvvyai (5(pmv re nqog sxsivovg xou Bxeir&yv jiQog aavzovg* 

17. 'AnovaavTeg de tavta oi atQatriyo] ixad-taav x^9'^ ^ovj 
axaataxoae (pdcAonag eldivai, ovdsv drjXov nou^aavieg onoi tioqev' 
ead'ai IfieXXov, *Ed6K?i di tolg atQatriyoXg avayxalov eJvai dii, 
tav OQBOjy elg Kagdovxovg ifi^dlleiv' zqvzpvg yoQ disXd^onag 
icpaaav eig '^Qfisviav ijl^eiv, ^g '0()6vtag ^QX^/^^^Xrjg xal eidaiuo- ^. 
vog. *Evtsvd^Ev ds tmogov 8q)0ujav ehai ofioi^ig id'sXEinoQsvB- 
J( cd^ai, lo. Em ravtoig am^avro, oneog, onipfiiia xai ooxoiri ^ve ^ 
fio^oc, xriv fiOQ^eiav noioivzo ztjv yaq vnsQpmjjv ^mv oqecov aoeooh 

^ Uiaav fii] TtgoxazaXTjcpd^Eitj * aal naqr^yyeiXav, ineidij detmjaBioft 
(fvpsaxevacfjievovg ndvzag aveuzavsc'^ai, xal In^'&ai ^nd 
i» zig TioQayysiX'Q. 

LIB. IV. CAP. I. 8- 



-.. 02 A fi£v d/j iv tJ ava^daei iysvero ii^XQi t^- f^f^XV^* ^** 
oca fiSTOL TTjv iidpi^ ip roug anoiooug ag ^aaikevg xaJ vJ gvv Kv^ 
ava^avvEg ^'EkXrjvsg IcneiaavrOj xaJ oaa nuQa^avrog ^dg oftovda^ 
fiaaiXmg xai TiaGaq:fQvovg iTioXsfA^&tj ngog rovg EXXtjvag 
inaxoXoy&ovvtog tov Flegrnxov crgaTjyfJiaTog, iv tq) nQoad^Bf 
Xiyc^ "dtp^jSa^ai. 2. ''Etisi 81 acpUovTO Iv&u * 6 fjih Tiygtjg 
norafiog navrdnaaiv anoQog r^v did to ^dO^og xal nkyt&og^ , .^, 
giaQodo^ 5^ ovx .yVj dXXd rd Kagdovj^ia oqj] dnotdfJid vniq avrov 
^ rov norafiov sxosfjiaro, eooxei orj toig (jtQaTrjyoig oia T(av ogsmt 
7ZOQSVT80V bIvui. 3. "^HxovovyaQ Toiv dliGHOfJisvmv oil eldieX&oiep 
td KtxQdovxin OQrj, iv jy 'Agfiena tag Tirjydg tov TiyQrjtog nota' _ , 
liov, riv iiiv ^ovX^vtUi, dia^j^aoviai' r)r ds firj ^ovXmvtai, neQiiaai.^^ 
Koii tov Evqiqdtov te tdg Ttrjydg iXsysro oi ttqooco tov Tiyqrjtog 
eJvai' xaJ B6tiv ovtoo atsvov. 4. Trjv d' elg tovg Kagdov^ovg 
ifji^olSji mSe noiovvtaiy dfia fjiev Xa^eTv Trsigoifievoi, d/jia di cpO^d-^^^^ 
ecu TtQiv tovg TToXsfiiovg aaraXa^siv td dxqa, 5. 'EtieiS/j ^v -p 
afjupl ttjv teXBvtaiav q)vXaxrjv xai iXeiTieto trjg vvxtog oaov aaota^ 
ovg dieX&t^v to Tiediov, tTjviHavTa dvaatdvtag dno nagayyeXaEcog 
nogsvofiEvoi dq)ixvovvTai afia t\i fjf^sga ngog to ogog. 6. '^Ev^a 
Sij XEtgiaocpog fjisv Tiyano tov argatavfiatog Xa^^v to dficp avtof 
KoJ tovg yvfivritag ndvtag • Ssvocprnv de (jvv toTg dnidd^oqivXa^ip 
OTiXitaig eitzeto ovdt'va ej^odv yvfivJjza ' ovdBig ydg mfdyvog idoxEi 
elveu fifj tig uvea nogEvofifvcav in tov onia^Ev imqftoito, 7. Kcu 
im lily to dxgov dva^alvEi XEigiaoqiog ifgCv tiva ah&ecv^di tmf 
noXsuimv ' Instta ds vqtrfyElto ' EcpEiTiEto ds aeJ '^o vfiEg^dXXov tov 
tfoateviiatog ag tcf^ xco/Aag 7«ef ip toig ayxem is xat ftvxoig root 

82 rxv KDrno cyri 

8. "Ei'iya dfj ol fiir KaQdov^oi sxhTzoptss tag olxiag %orrc( 
ma yvTur/.ai; nut nuidui^ >cfivyov im tu OQti ' za S' imti^dBia ttoX' 
},u tfV Xufi^dvtir, t^aav di x«l ;faP.x(ia^a(r* TiafiTioXXptg xaTccrxfva- 
Gfitvai at oiaiai, guv oy^ty tqnQOP oi E).XrjvBg ' ovde rovg aif&Qdnovg 
iditoxovy im6^!Bl^ifABvoi,* Ei n&g'lif^t^ KaQdovyrpi diupou 

avTovg cog dtu cfiXlag rJ^g /o)^«tf> i^'BiTng ^d5u.ET noXifjiioi ^aat. 
I 9. Tu ^ihVTOi imtffitta orfp^rig initvYiavoi iXafjifiavov • avdyxti 
■ yuQ ffV 01 dt Kagdovxoi ovre xaXovvtav vm'jxovov ovre aXlo ti 
qitXtaof ovdh inoiovv, 10. ^Enst di oi teXevzaToi rmv 'EXXi^vtov 
xartj^airov tig rug xvi/iag anb tov axQOv rfirj axoralot, (^dia yaq 
TO axBvriv eivai^rtiv odop oXrjp riiv tjfisQav tj ava^aaig •tvroTg iyipe- 
TO xai xard^aGig dg tag xoifjiag,"^ tote di] avXXeyivteg tivig tm 
Kaodovymv toTg teXevtaiotg intd^evto, xa\ anixtaipav tivag acu 
Xi\)^otg xa\ to^tifiaat xatitQtoaav, oXiyoi tiveg ovteg ' i^ angog- 
dox^tov yuQ avTOig imnBCB to ' EXXtjvixov.^ 11. El fji^oi tots 
nXeiovg avreXtymav, exivSivevaev av diaw^donvai noXv tov atoiXr' 
TBviJiatog. Kai tavtrjv fisv tj^p wxta ovtfog iv tatg aoofuug tjth 
Xia&riGav ol Ss KuQdovxoi nvqa noXXa exaiw xvxXcp im tS 
OQsmv xal Gvvmqtav aX7,riXovg, 

12. A^ia ds ty ^'ifitQa avvtXd^ovfft totg fftQattjyoTg xai Ao^ic- 
yoTg tav 'EXXfjvojv tdoie tav tB vnotvyitov ta avayxaia xai 
dvvatoatata TroQeveaO^ai iyi^ovtag, xataXinovtag ta aXXa^ xoi 
bnoaa Jjv vsooan ar/fidXaTa avdQUTToda iv ty atgatia ndvta atpei 
vai, 13. ^xoXalav yuQ inoiovv tijv noqeiav noXXa ovta tie, vnotfi- 
yia xa\ ta ai/jidXata ' xai noXXoi Us oi im tovtoig ovteg anoiutjiw 
ijaav dtnXdmd te ta initrfieia tdsi TtOQi^ead'ai xcu (peQecd'ai 
noXXmv tojv avd^goinoov ovrmv. /lo^av de tavta ixi^gv^av ovtm 

"f 14. ^Enei 8e aQianiaavteg inoqevovtOy vnoatdvteg iv (Tteppf 
oi CTQatTjyoi et ti evQiaxoiev tav elQTjfiivmv fit] dcpiifievov dcpfigolvf- 
TO ' ol ^ iTTei&ovTO, 7iXt]v et tig ti sxXexpev, olov $ naidbg ini^fi^ 
aag /} yvraixog tojv ehnqenrnvV Kai. tavttjv usvtijv ^fAegav ovtmg 
moQevOijaar, ta fiiv ti iiaxofAevoi ta 81 xai dvanavofievoi. 15. 
Elg de ttjv vGxeQalav yiyvetai ;fcm«y noXvgy dv^yxaZpvS r(p noQwi* 
iC'&ai' oh yaq ijr Ixava ta initribeia. Ka\ iiysito f*fv XeiQ(aoifo§B 
inia^oqtvXdxet df Sevoq^mv. 16. Ka oi fioXifuoi ia^vgrng 

LIB. IV. CAP. I. 83 

&evtOf xal aiif&v ovttav roiv ymoicav iyyvg nQogiovzeg azol^svop xai 
iawBr&ovoay S^re nvavHoi^pio oi^EkXtiveg imdioixofzeg xai nakit 

qpcSf vnoixivsiv, ore ol noXifiioi iaxvomg imxs^vro, 17. "Ev&a i j 
XeiQiffOcpog aXXote fisv ozs TtaQeyfv^To vntiABVBy zore da ohi vni" 
UEVBV, akX Tjys za^soig not TiaQtjyyva mea'&ai ' oSffW brikov r^t on 
nQayfid ti Biri ' axoXrj 8s ovTt r^v idelv tzoqeXO^ovu lo aiiiov iTJg 
C7iovd/jg • mgts ij TiOQSia ofioia cpvytjg iyiyvBro toig 6ma-&oq)vXa^u 
18. Kal ivzavd^a ano&vr^axsi dvj^Q dya&og jiaxoivtKog KXeoifv- 
uog jo^ev&etg dia t/jg aamdog xal Tijg (jToXddog eig tag TrXevQag^ 
Hal Baaiag 'u^Qxdg diafineQlg' elg rr^v xecpaXi^v* 19. 'Enel de dcpi- 
.. Hovro. im aza^ov, svd^vg digneQ eixep 6 Savo(pmv iX&a)v nQog 

^^^ov \EiQtao(pov 'QZjjMTq avTOv on ov^ VTisfieiveVy aXX rivaynaQovzc 
rpevyovzeg. aua uaysa&ai. Kal vvv dvo icaX(6 ze xdyad^a) dpdge 

^^*te&vazov nai ovze avsXaa&ai ovze -d^axpai avToa sovpa/Jie&a. 2U,^^ 
^AnoxQivBzai nqog zavza 6 Xeigiffocpog * BXixpop, eqjrj, nqog zd oQtj 
xcu ids <ag a^aza ndvza sazL Mia ds avzrj odog rjv ogag OQ&ia* 
xai im zavtri dvd^gaontov oquv ^^e(7Ti am o-^Xov zoaovzov, ol nazsi* 
Xrjqjozsg q}vXdzzov6i zi^v sx^aatv, 21. Tavza iyta sansvdop xai 
did zovzo as ovx vnifispop, si nojg dvpaifArjp ap&daai tiqip narsi- 
X^q)&ai ZTjp vnsQ^oXi^p • ol ds fjysfiopsg ovg s^ofisp ov q)aaip slpoi 
aXXtjp o86p. 22. '0 ds Sspocp^p Xtyei * ^/4XX sym sxon dvo apdQag. 
*Ensl yoQ rif*Tp nqdyfiaza 7ia(}sTxop, ip/]dQsv6Ufisp, onsQ rifidg xai 
avanv^ai^ STfoitjaSy xai ansxzsipafup zipag avzap, xat ^mpzaf 
ezQoi&vt^d'tifASP Xa^ip avzov zovzov spsxep OTiosg fiysixoaip sidoai 
zrjv XoigUp XQV^<^^(^^^^' 

23. Kai ffvdvg dyayopzsg zovg dp&goiTiovg i^Xsyxop diaXa^op- 
xsg st ztpa sldsTsp aXXrjv odop § z^p cpapSQav. ' O fisp ovp szsqog 
ovx sqiTj xai fJidXa jroXXmv q}6^(op nQogayouippp •- aWfiJ^ ds ovdsp. . . 
w^ t)ufiop D^sysp, OQcipt^g zov szsqov xazsaqiayt], 24.'' * ds lot- 
nog sXs^sp on ovzog fJisr tro (fiairi did zavza sidspai ozi avz(\^ zvy- 
xdpst ^vyizriQ ixsi nag dpdq] ixdsdofisprj • avzog 5* Igpiy fiyriasa&ai 
dvf at t^p xai vnotvyioig noQSvsa&ai odop^ 25. 'Eoaizoifispog S* si 
siq rt sp avfq ovgnoQifov X'^Q}^? ^^V £<^^^ axQOP o si fi/j zig 
fZQOHOTcei^^MktJO ddvpazop sas(5&et,i, naQsX&siP, 2Q. 'Epzavd-a -4- 
idouti fv^visifapzag Xoxayoyg xai nsXzaazdg xai zmp onXizm 


liyeif rs ra naQorta xat iqarav bI riQ avrav eatti> ogrt^ af^dfa 
d'og id^iXoi ay ^eri^fiai, ap xai VTtoarag i^^ovtiig nogevea&ai, 27, 
■ ) ff^ T(piatavTai rmv fjiev onXitmv ^j^Qicrdwiiog Me&vdQisvg ^Aqko^ 
xcu ^Ayaalag 2^TViA(pakiog ^Aq^dg^ avTiaraaid^mp de avtoig KaX- 
Xifiaxog JJaQ^aaiog ^Aqyiag xaJ ovrog eqitj i^Aeif noQ&utc&ai 
ngogXa^av i&eXovtag in navrog rov ctQatevfJiatog, *Eym yoQ, ? qpi;, 
oJ8a on txpovtai noXXol rwy vt^ fjiov ijyoviiivov, 28. '£x zotf- 
jov fQcormatv et tig xaJ rwf yvfiv^rtov raleo^^cui' £^e7.oi GVfiTra* 
Qwead'ai, * Tq)i<sraTai 'AQiartag Xiog, og 71oX}mx(I^ TtoXXov a^Mg 
T^ azgatia eig la rciavra iysvero. 


1. Kal Tiv fih deiXtj f^dtj, ol f ixsXevov avrovg . fiicpayopzug nth 
Qsvsa&ai ' xal top TjyEfiovq dijaavrsg staQotdidoamv abtoTg • Ttou ovrSre- 
-d^evrai rijv fisv pvxja, r^p^d^ooai. to axgov, to j^mgiov cpvXdrreiv ' dfia 
08 txi fififQK T1J caXmyyi arjfiaiveiv xai rovg fiev area ovrag levai Bm 
rovg xariiovtag rijv cfaveqav t-A^aaiv ' avtol de avu^ofj-Gtr^^iiv bk^oU' 
vovteg (og av divcavrai rdxiota, 2. Tavra avv&sfiSoi ol fjiiv inoQSv^ 
ono 7iXrj&og dig digxiXiot ' xaJ vScoq noXv r^v f | ovgavov ' ABvocpmv H 
e^ooy tovg oTiia&oqivXaTcag ijytho Tigog Ttjy cpaveQuv ix^amvj ojzmg 
ravrri t'q 6d$ oi noXsfiioi TTQogtj^oiEv tov voyv xai d}g fmXiara Xdd'oup 
TiBQuovreg, 3. 'Enel de ijaav ini ;fa^aJ^« oi onia'd^oqfvXaxeg iff 
f" idei dia^dvrag TTQog to oq&iov ix^aiveiv, tijvixavra ixvXivdow oi 
^dg^aQoi oXoitQoxovg dfia^iaiovg xat fiei^ovg xal iXdttovg [Xid'ovg^, 
0? qiegofASvoi TTQog tdgnitoag ntaiovteg diiaqiBvdov^vto 'cjial nooh 
r-M-L tdnaaiv ovde neXdqai oloy t r^v tr^ daod(^. 4. "Evioloe rcoy Jlo^a- 
ycof , ei nij tavty dvvaivto, aXXri iTieigeovto • xal tavta inoiow 
u^ii^gi (jxotog sysveto, Lttu ot <^ofto aqiaveig eivai anunfxegy tote 
dnriX&ov em to deinvov' itiyicLvov de xai dvdgustoi ovteg avtw 
ol omadoqivXax^cavteg, Oifisytoi7ZoXefMOiyq)o§ovfiBvoi dl^XoTOti 
ov^ in^Lvcavto di oXrjg tr^g vvxtog xvXipdovvteg rovtf Xi^ovs' 

' iexfidigea^ai S r^v t^ ipogiq). 5. 01 de e^ovteg tov ijysfAOfit, | 
xvxXcp Tieguovteg xataXafA^dvovci tovg (fvXaxag afiq>i nvg xa^ 

fif'ihwg ' xai tovg fiev xataxavovteg tovg de xatadioi^atfteg avtpi 
H^av'd^a IfiBvov tag to axQov Y.wii%^jmfi* ^« 0\ < Vw %xtLtHi^» 


aAAa (JUMTOg ^ vntQ avrcap no^ ov ^ ij ftevrj clvtt] ooog t(p xf 
ixdd'tjvio 01 cpvXaxsg. '^Eq)odog fustroi iSSichev im jovg TioXtfiiov^' 
riv oi im ry q}aveQa 63^ ixd'&ijvTO. 

7. Kul trjv fiiv t'vxra inav^a dii^yayov, 'Entir di i^iiiga 
vmcpaifev inoQBvovto afj^ avrzerayfisvoi im tovg nokefiiovg ' x«i 
yoQ ofiix^t] iyivBTOy &gte iXa'&ov iyyvg nQogeX&ovreg. 'Erzsl ds 
eldov a)2i^Xovgy iq rs aakmy^ insqi&iy'^aro na\ akakal^avxeg oi 
"EkXriveg itvio im tovg av^Qtinovg • oi S om ide^avro, dXXa 
Xmcvteg rrjv odov (pEvyovTeg oXiyoi dni^vticty^ov ' evJeoJoi yaq 
riaav. 8. Oi S dfiq)l Xeigiaocpov daomavteg trjg adXmyyog evd^vg 4- 
levTO dvto xatd tijv (paveqav odov ' aXXoi, de tmv arQatrjymv xara 
aTQt^Eig odovg inoQEvovro rj hvxov ixaazoi ovreg, xcu ava^dvreg 
tog idvvavro dvin^^v dXXriXovg toig dogaai. 9. Kal ovroi nqmroi 
Gwtfu^av zoTg TTQOxaTaXa^owji th ^^qIov. Sevocpmr ds, 6j[(ov tmr 
oma\/ rovg ijfiiatig, BTZoqevezo rineq oi rov rjyEf^ova ex^^' 
teg ' Evod&iatri ykq iiv toig vno^vyioig ' rovg ^ rjf^iffeig omo&Ev 
tojv vno^vyicov Izaja. 10. Uoqevoiaevoi if ivtvyxdvovai X6q)(p 
vnsQ trig bdov xat€iXrjfifiev(p vno tav noXEfxiaov, ovg ^ dnoaoxpai 
r^v dvdyxrj // die^tvx(^cii dno tmv dXX(ov 'EXXi^poav. Kai aitoi 
uiv uv ijroQEif&r^aav yntg oi uXXoi ' ta ^ vno^vyia ovx l^v aXX'q rj 
tavTv in^JjvuL 11. "^Evd^u d/j TiaQaxeXevadfiEvoi dXXi^Xoig nqog^ 
pcSXovGi TZQog tov Xocpov ooOiotg toig Xoxotg^ ov >ivxX(^ dX).a xa- 
tahnovikg ug}odov roTg TioXt^ioig^ u ^ovXoivzo (pEvytiv, 12. Kou 
" tJ(ag fiiv aizovg urujiahovrag omjiovvupto tTiaarog oi ^dg^agot 
itol^svov aal s^aXXor, iyyvg d' ov Tzgogievzo, dXXd cpvy^ XtiTiovaz 
to ;fc»^toy. Kal tovtov ta 7zagEX7jXv&touv oi EXXrjftg xal hsgov 
ogoiaiv EfiTigoaO'EV Xocpov xatexoiitvov, im tovtov dv&ig edoasi 
jTogtisa&at. 13. ^Evvoi\Gag S 6 Stvocpmv fi)] el egr]fiov xataXtinoi . 
tov ijXtaxoTu Xocpov^ xai ndXiv Xa^ovisg oi TioXifiioi im&oTvto 
jolg vTio^vyioig Tzagiovatv, {im noXv de tjv ta vTio^vyia ate Sia 
(St£v7ig tJjg odov nogEvofieva,) xataXtiTiEi ini tov Xocpov Xoxciyovg 
KrjcpiGodcagov Kijcpiaocpoivzog 'u4d^7]vaiov xal 'u^ficpixgdzr^v '^figjidi^- 
finv 'u4{yi]ralov xai ^Agx^ydgav 'u^gysTov cpvydda ' avtog da 6vv 
Tolg Xoinoig inogaveto inl tov devtsgov Xocpov, xai tcp avtc^ tgonqp 
xcu tovtov aigovaiv. 14. "Er* d' avtoig tgltog (AaGtoQ "kowib*; t^^ "^ 
moXv og&mrarof 6 me(^ tijg im t(p avgi xaTaXf^Kp^eiGtiQ c^XavS^Q xiv^ ' 




wxTog vnb rmv iO^eXovTOiv. 15. ^Enti S* fyyvg iyhovro oi EkXriv^^ 
Xbitiovgiv ol ^uQ^aQoi ufiuyrjT} rov fiuarov ' cav^c '(^avfiaatbv naat 
'^evtax^ai xai vnoJTiTivov deiGutrag ahtpvg firj nvyXoidivteg nohoQ- 
xotvzo anoXmtlv, 01 d* uqu una rov oixgov aa'&OQ^vTeg ra OTriO'&ef 
yiyvo^Evu. ndritg In) lovg 6/iia'doq)v).axag f^mQOvr. 

16. Kai S^tvocfwv ^tv cvv rotg rsoordtoig ave^aivev im th 
uxQoVf rovg If aXXovg ixtXtvGsv vTiuyeiVf OTiag oi tsXevraio'^ Xo^ot 
nQogfii^eiav ' nu) nQ0tX{y6vrag y.ata T//y bbov iv T(p ofiaXqi ^sa&a 
tic onXa tlnev. 17. Kat iv rovtcn t^ XQor<i^ riXd^ev ^y^gyayoQOQ 
6 'u^QyeTog necfsvyoog xal Xtyti mg anETionffisavano rov ttqcojov 
Adqpov xa/ mi re&vaai KfjqiaodoDQog xai AfjiquxQattig xcu aXXoi 
0(701 firj dXXofievoi xard t7^g niiQag nqog rovg 6mG'&oq)vXaiiag 
d(fiyi0VT0' 18. TavTU ds btanQaiifievoi oi ^dg^aQOi rjxov in 
dvtinoQOv X6q}ov TtJJ fiaazc^' xai Zevocpmv dieXeyaro avroTg di 
i()f4t]Vb(og TreQi anovdrnv xai rovg rexgovg dnrijei, 19. Oi If Iqja- 
aav aTzodcoativ icp q) firj xamv tag xoifiag. JJwmfioXoyei tavta 
6 SevocpoJv. ^Ev (p bi to fiiv aXXo (rrgdrevfia TTogyei, qe ds zavta 
disXsyovTOf Tidptsg o7 ix rovrov rov ronov GvvB^Qvmaav Jvzavd^a 
laravTO oi TioXtfiiot. zu, Kai fTzti r^gtavro Tiafapaivew^ano tov 
uaarov noog rovg aXXovg ev&a rd onXa ti^eivro, tevro dh at noU- 
mot noXX^ TrXri&ei xai -(^o'l^^co ' xai btth iyivovro inl rrjg noQvq)tjg 

rov fiaarov dcp ov JSevp^^Vt^xart^aivEv, ixvXivdovr nirQag' xai 
svog^fiH' xar^agav ro axslog^ ^£vocpo)VTa os o vnacniarrig tjw 
ri]v danida dmXinEV' 21. EvgiXo^og ds ^ovaitvg ^Agxag nQogi* 
dgafiev avr^ OTzXlrrjg, xai ttqo dfigjoTv nqo^t^Xruiivog afiexoiQeij xuu 
oi aXXoi TZQog rovg ovvrsrayfAtvovg anriXi^ov, 

22. 'iix ^l rovrov ndv bptov ^iysrero ro 'EXXrjnxov, xai icxfini- 
aav avrol> Iv noXXaXg xai xaXalg olxiatg xai inirrjdeioig daxptXfct • 
xai yd( ohog noXvg ijv, ov h Xdxxoig xonaroig bI^ov. 23. S&nh 
qpwy bi xai XeiQtoocpog disnQaiarro iSgre Xa^ovreg rovg vexQovi 
dmdoaav rov i^ytfiora ' xai ndvra InoiriGav roig dnov^dt'Ovciv «c 
rc5» ^vvaz^v mgneg vofii^etat drdgdaiv dyaviig. 24. 7^ S 
Iffrsgaia avev fjyefiovog inogevovro ' uax6[Aevoi 5' ol noXffuo 
xai OTTtj Biri artvov icogiov TzgoxazaXafi^dvovreg ixoiXvov rkg 
nagodovg, 25. ' OnorE fiiv ovv rovg ngdrovg xtoXvoiEv^ Seroqm 
oma^Bf Bxpaivmv ngog ra og^ elve rtjp anoqigaii^ tt^g ntt^foom 


LIB. IV. CAP. III. ^87 

tots ftQtitoig ttvtaxfQto neiQdfievog yiyvs(j&ai t^v xafivorrcav ' 26, 
onors de ToTg otikjOsp imd^oivro, Xeigiaoqiog in^uivoiv xaJ Tzei^oifierog 
apearsQio yiyvBairai toav xodavovt^v tkve trjv aTiocpqa^ip t^g Tiago- 
dov roig oniad^^v. Ka] atl ovToyg i^or^Oow dlXi^Xoit xal laxvgmg ^^ 
aXXi^Xmr STT^fiilpvio, 27. ^Hv ds Tiai bnore avroTg zoig ava^aai i 
fioXXii nqa'mata TiaQsTj^op ol ^dq^aQOi nakiv xata^aivovaiv ' iXa" 
giQOi yag riqj&v tagte yiai fyyvuev (psvyovteg anoqiBvyBiv ovosv yog 
elxov akXo ^ to Ja xaj acfevdovag* 28. ''AQtaroi de to^otui ^aav ' ^ 
iirov d^ To^a iyyvg tQinrixri, ra ds ro^evfiaza nXiov rj diTnJxfJ ' 

f^'^iixov fie tag vevQog onote ro^evoiev nqog to xaTco tov toJov t^ 
aQiareq^ nod\ ngog^aivovTeg. Ta de ro^evfiara i/w^€« dia rmv 
acnidfov xat dia rmv ^(ogdyKav ' iygrnvro de aviolg ol EXXriveg 

^*'^enBi Xapoup axovtioig evayxvX^reg. Ev tovtoig zoig x^Q^o^ ^^ 
Kg^ieg xQ^(Jif^(^'^o^''^oi iyevovzo ' ^()X8 8e avt^v 2zQato}f,Xrig K^g, 


I. 7 avTYiv av zt]v tjfisQav rjvAKj&Tjoav sv raig x(0(iaig tatg 
vnfQ 10V nediov tov naqa rov KevrQizrjv TiorafioVj svgog tog dinXe' 
^oPy og OQit^ii ZTjv 'y^Qfieviav xai zijv zojv Kngdovxcav ;fca^ay ' xa< 
oi "EXXrjveg ivzav&a avsnavaavzo aafievoi Idopreg nediov ' anelx^ 
de T(»y oQtmv 6 norafiog dog ff jy iriTa aradia t^v KaQdovxoDV* 2. 
Tote fJiiv ovp fivXia^iiaav f^dXa ridetag xaJ rd iniri^dsia sx^vteg jcaJ 
TtoX'/u Kor 7iu(jeXTjXvd-6<G)r tiovodv ^itifAOvevSifreg. ^Enta yag 
rjfifQag oaagneQ enoQev^rjaav 'dut rav Kagdovxojv ndaag fiaxo- 
(iBvoi dietsXeaav, xal enad^ov xaxa oaa ovde rd cv/ji7iavza vno 
^cujiXeatg xal Titsaacpegvovg. '^g ovv aTirjXXdyfiivoi jovtoov fjdemg 
ixoifjii^^trai^. \ 

3. -^I^OL de tJ illJ^Qff OQmaiv Inmag nov neqav tov Ttotafiov 
i^faTtXi&fM^vovg <ag xoaXtfoovtag dia^aiveiv' ne^ovg 5* im zalg 
ix^^^Q TtUQateraytiivovg avto tKiv Innifav dig xmXvaovTag elg rt^p 
*AQiuviav ix^aivetv. 4. ^Haav de ovioi ' O^oyTov xal 'Agtovxov 
*AQfAevioi xai Magdovtoi xal Xaldfitloi (jita&ocpOQoi. 'EXeyqifto da 
oi XaXdaioi iXev&BQoi 78 xal al^xifioi ehai' onXa S elxov yiqqa fia' 
HQO, xcu Xoyxt^S- 5. At de o/^ai avtai icp odv na^atetayfjievoi 
•vf Oi i^«M^ tQia $ TtttttQa ttXi'&Qa dno tov 7iota(iov a^er^o* 


idog ii fjiia rj OQtofisvt] ijv ay ova a avto mgnsQ 'jUBUQonoitirog * tait^ 
ineiQcovro Hia^alvtiv ol '^EXXtjveg. 6. 'ETtel ds nBiqoifiivoig to t% 
vdoDQ vnlq Twy fiaatoiv iCfalvBtOy xaJ tQa^vg fjv 6 norafiog fisyaXotg 
U&oig xai oXic&rjQoTg, not ovis iv rtp vdan la onXa ijv sxsip ' a 
ds fit], i]Qna^Ep 6 norufiog ' ml t6 trig ^^(J^fxXrig ra onXa ei rug 
mQoi, yvfivol iylyvovxo TTQog ra to^evfiara xal ra aXXa fiiXri' 
avsyfaQTiaav ovv xaJ avtov iffTQaroTisdevtjavro na^a top norafiof 
7. "Ev&a 88 aifTol rrjv fiQoa&sv ifvxra ijaav im tov OQOvg 
8oSq(X)v Tovg Kagdovxovg noXXovg avveiXeyfiivovg 6vv toig onXoig 
*Evtav&a drj noXXrj a-&vfiia i]v zolg '^EXXtjatr, OQmai (isv rov nota- 
fjiov Ttjv dvgnoQiav, ogmai Se tovg dia^aiveir xmXvaovtagy OQ^ai di 
tolg dia^aivovoiv imxeiaofievovg tovg Kagdovxovg onuj^Bv. 8. 
» Tavt7]v fiiv ovv trjv rmtqav xal r^r vvxta efuivav iv noXXri anoqia 
opteg. Sevoq}oov de ovaq eldev ' Ido^ep h nibSig 'dedio&aiy avtcu 
08 avtcp avtofiatoi TzeQiQQvr^pai, rngts Xv^r^vai xai oiapaivsiv ono- 
60V f^ovXsTo. 'EtisI Sf oQ&Qog ^v iQyBtai TiQog tov Xei^iaoqiOf 
xaJ Xeyei oti iXmdag t^si xaXmg icBG^ai ' xai diiiyeitai avt^ to 
ovuQ. 9. 'O ds 71^870 7B x«/ wff td)[i6ta 1(0? vnicpaivev idvovto 
navt8g naqovTBg ol (TtQarrjyoi ' xai ta isga xaXa r^v ev&vg im tov 
7iq(6tov. Kal aniovreg ano tmv hgrnv ol ctQatrfyol xal Xoxayol 
nagi^yysXXov zg (ytQaiin aQiatonoieTa&ai, 10. 'u4QUJtmm 8e t^ 
Asvoqi^vti TtQogttQs^ov dvo VBaviaxta ' T^deoav yag navtag oti iieitj 
avzcp 'Acu agiatrnvri xal Semvovvti ngogeX'&BTv xa). ei xad'evdoi 
iTTeyetgavta slneiv ei' Tig ti r/oi t^v nqog tov noXefiov, 11, Km 
toTB sXeyov on tvyxdvoiev cpQvyava (jvXXiyovtsg <ag im avQ, 
KaTzeita xaridoitv iv r^ mgav iv nitgaig xa'&fixov<Taig in 
uifTov tov TTontuiv yfQOvta ts xai yvvarAU xal fzaiditTHag mgn^ 
uagaiTTOvg ifiaticov xatatiOBfiivovg iv nitga avtgoidti, 12. 'Idwot 
di aq^iai do^ai clacpaXfg tlvai dia^rjvai ovde yag tolg TioXsfuois 
InntvGi Ttgog^atov eivai ^ata tovto, 'Exdvvteg de iq^aaav ixovns 
tec iyy^Eigidia yvfivol (og ve^aovfievoi dia^aivsiv nogevofievot lA 
ngoGdav dtu^airsiv ngiv ^gi^ai ta aldoia • waJ dia^dvteg xcu Im- 
^ovteg ta ifiatia nuliv i]y.Eiv. 
.^ / 13. Kv\)l^^^j)ir 6 Sevoqicov avr6>^ te 8J7iev8e xat to& I'wew* 
(fxoig iyx^tv ixiXevae xal Bvxead^ai tolg cpr^raai ^solg za te ofetQatd^ 
»ai thv nogov xoHi ta Xoma aya^a imtsXeaat. Smiaag i% Mk 

LIB. IV. CAP. III. 89 

^8 rovg veanaxovg naga tov XeiQurocpov ' ytou ^iriyovncu taitoL 
14. '^xovaag da xai 6 X€iQiaoq)og anovdag inoiei, ^neioapteg 
de TOig fiev aXkoig TraQi^yytXkov avaxsvdZead^at, aizol Ss avvstaXs' 
(fafTsg Tovg atqatriyovg i§ovXevov70 OTZoog av TcdkXiaia, Sia^aiM ^ . 
aal tovg re efJLTtqoa&ev nK^nv xaJ if no rmv omc&ei^ fjirjdev ndaioief '^'ly^* 
xaxov. 15. Kal ido^ev avroig Xeiqiaocpov (liv i^Eicd'ai xou 
dia^aiveiv s^opta to i]fii6v tov (jTQazevf^aTog, jo de rifiiov VTiofU* 
teiv avv ABVoqi^vti * tk de vno^vyia xai tov o'jkXov iv fieacp tovtoor 
dia^alveiv, 16. ^Enti de xaXmg tavta elx^v moQevovto ' rjyovvto 
di ol vaavicjaoi iv aQusteqa exovteg tov notafiov ' odog 8i vv isrt 
trjv dtd^aaiv dg tittaQsg atddioi. 

17. TIoQEvoiAivcav ^ avtmv dvtiTiaQ'^eaav at td^etg t^v inni' 
mv. 'EtisiS) de ij(sav m^ta tijv did^aaiv }<ai tag o^d'ag tov Tiotafiov, 
t&evto ta OTzXa, xal avtbg 7i()6jTog XeiQi6oq)og otecpavmadfiEvog 
xal altoSvg ikdfi^ave ta onla xou tolg liXkoig ndai naQriyyeXXs 
xae tovg Xo^ayovg eKeXevev dyeiv tovg X6)[0vg oqd^iovg, tovg fisv iv 
OQKJteqa tovg de iv del^iii iaviov, 18. Kal ol fiev fidrteig' iaqja- 
jid^ovto dg tov nota^ov ' , ot de noXiiiioi ito^svov ts xai iacpsv^ 
dovmv alX ovTKa il^MVovvto, 19. ^Enei de xaXa rjv ta 6cpdyia^ 
incuaviCov ndvteg oi ctQatimtai aou dvt^XdXa^ov ' avvoaXoXv^ov 
da xal al yvvaixeg aTiaaai. IloXXal yocQ yaav itaXqai iv tc^ . 

20. Kai XeiQiaoqiog fiev ivt^ant nut oi avv iaeivcp 6 de Sevo- 
^f&v t&v 6ma{^oqivXdx(ov Xa^mv tovg ev^cxtvotdtovg e&ei ava xgd- 
tog ndXiv im tov tioqov jov n&m trjv ex^aaiv tr^v eig ta t&v 
l/^Qfjievlcov OQTj' TiQog'ffoiovfievog tavty dia^ug aTioxXeigeiv tovg 
troQcc tcv notafiov inneig. 21. Ol de^noyiiiioibQmvteg fiev tovg 
afA(pi XeiQiGoq)Ov evmt&g to vdtoq Tteqcovtag, OQmvteg de tovg a/iqpl ~ 
Ssvocp^vta d^eovtag elg tovfjinaXiv^ deiaavteg firj dnoxXeia&eiriaav 
(pevyovaiv dva xgdtog cog nqog tijv dno tov notafiov ex^aaiv av<a 
*E7iel de yata tijv odov iyevovro, sieivov avon TtQog to oqog, 22. 
j^vxiog de 6 trjv r3|5V e^av tmv Innioov xai udlaxivtjg 6 tt^v tS^i'v 
tx^ov tmv neXtaatmv t^v ifiqil Xeigiaocpov im\ ernqtov dva nqdiog 
qievyorrag, elnovto ' ol de azQatimtai i^otov fjiri dnoXeineadai 
iiiXa awen^aivetv im to OQog. 23. XeiQiaoq)og f av inei die^rj^ 
foW f^ Inniag ovx idrnxev, sv&vg de xatd tag fiQOQT^ViOxxsctj^ 




oiifiag im jov norafAOV i^t^aivsv im rovg avoD noXefuovQ, 01 dl 
aroo, OQmvreg /lev loug iavtmv inniag q)evyovTag, ogojvTEg dl 
onXirag t5(piGiv iniovjag^ ixXeinovai ra V7is{) rov notafiov uxqa. 

24. SBvoq)^v di inei ta mgav eoiga AuX^g yiyvoiisva, anEjti' 
QSi TTjv raxicttjv ngog to dia^aivov atgateviia ' xai yog cl Kag- 
dovxot (pavegot i^dt] riaav eig ro nediov xara^aivovteg dg B7n&fj<j6 
fiepoi roTg teXevzaioig. 25. Kai Xeigl(Joq)og /liv ra avto xcerefj^c, 
jivmog de avr oXiyoig inixsig^cag inidi^^ai sXa^e rmv axevocpogwf 
ta imoXtmofuva xaJ iieta rovtmv ia&rJTci te >ca}i]v xal ixTiduaTa, 
26. Kai ta fjiev aK8voq)6ga t^v 'EXXi^vcov xai 6 o^Xog oa/fi^ dis- 
Batvs ' Sevocpmv ds atgixpag ngog tovg Kagdov^ovg art la ta onXa 
iOeto ' xal nagi^yyeiXe toXg Xoxayoi^jiat ivmfjiotiag notion aa&ai 
Snaatov tov iavtov Xoxov, Ttai^ aamoag nagayayovtag tijv ivmiJiO' 
tiav m\ qxiXayyog ' xal tovg fjiev Xoxayovg xai tovg ivcanotagxag 
ngog taov Kagoovx^xiv uvai, ovgayovg os xatafftrjoaau^at ngog tov 

f' 27. Oi^B Kagdovxoiojg ioigoiv tovg oma&ocpvXaitag tov oxXov 
xpiXovfisrovg ^KjtJ oXijov^ ijdt] q)aivo[Asvovg, &attov 8tj im^eaap 
^ddg tivag adovteg. '0 da Xeigiaoqiogy insi ta nag avt^ aaqfa- 
Xag tJxe, ntfinei naga Stvocpmvta tovg neXtaatag xaJ Gq}Eydov^tas 
xal to^otag xal HsXsvei nouTv o ti av nagayytXXri. 28. ^Idav di 
avtovg dia^aivoptag 6 Sevocpnv mfixpag ayyeXov xsXevei aiftov 
ueivat inl tov notafiov lui dia§dvtag ' otav S agl^mvifai avtoi 
diaBaiveiv, ivavilovg sv^sv xaJ ev&ev acpmv iuBaiveiv o5c diaBmih ,^ 
fievovg, OQTiyiivXtqii^voyg tovg anovnatag enipspXrifiBvovg tovg^ 
to^otag ' firj ;7{fo(Tco Se tov notafiov ngo^aivsiv, 29. Toig dl 
nag £//irfy Trag/jytiX^Vf ineidav aq^evdovtj ihxpTjtai, xui aani; 
ipocpy, muaviaavtag &tTv del eig tovg noXefiiovg • inei^ar de dva 
atgs\p(ooiv oi noXsfnoi xai in tov notafiov 6 (jaXniyxtrjg ffijfiJtVi] to 
noXefiixov, dvaatgt'xfjavtag inl oogv tjyaia&ai (isv tovg ovgayovg^ 
d^aiv 8s ndvtag xa\ dia^aivsiv oti tdxiGta rj sxaatog ri^v td^n 
tlx^v, d>g fitj ifJinodtXBtv dXXi^Xovg ' oti ovtog agtatog eaoito og tff 
ni)cor()i,' iv 7(1) tzi-'quv ytvrjtai. 

30. Olds Kagdovxoi og^vtsg oXfyovg f^drj tovg Xomovg^nol' 
loi ydg xal tojv fjitveiv tstayfitvcov (pxovto inifieXr^GOf^svoi oi fA 
pjio[vyimp, 01 di (Sxsv^Vf ot ds itaig^v, htav^u dij intxa^o 

LIB. IV. CAP. IT. 91 

^Qaatoag xcu iy^;f ot^o cc^evbovav x«J tol^evBiv- 3 1. 01 di "EU^rjvsg 
naiavtaavteg ojQfitjaav dgofjic^ in avtovg ' ol S' oix idf^avto ' xai 
yuQ t^aav ooTzhafitioif ag fisv iv roTg ogaaiVf tTiavoig nQog to im 
dgafitip Hal qevytiv, TtQog de to tig ^tiQag dixsax^ai ov)^ Ixarmg. 
32. *Ev rovt^ arjfxaivEi 6 aaXmyxri^g ' xal oi fih noXifiioi Iqjevyop 
noXv hi ^arrov ' oi 5* ^^EXXijveg ra ivavtia otQSxpavTeg Bcpev^of 
dia 70V TTOTafiov oil rd)^iaja, 33. Toiv ds noXefjiioDV ol fjiiv iiveg 
aiaOofiBVOi ndliv Idgafiov im zov notafiov xai ro^Bvovttg oXiyovg 
hgtaaav ' ol de tioXXoI xai niqav ovjmv jmv ^EXXfivtov hi (pavBQO* 
Tiaav cpevyovteg, 34. 01 8e vnoS^iiivreg avdgil^ofASvoi xal nQog^ 
oitiQG) rov xaiQov nqoXovreg vateQOv rmv (ista ABvo^prnvrog die^ij^ 
cap naXiv ' xai hgoi^fjadv zipsg xai rovttov. ^ 

C A P. I V. 

^Enei de 8it^7]6av, ijvyra^df^evoi d/jicpi fjitcov ijfieQag enoqev^ri 

aav dia trjg ^Aqiieviag Tiediov dnav xaJ Xeiovg yrjXoqjOvg oi fuiof 

tj nevte naoacdyyag ' oi yag r^cuv iyyvg tov noiaiAov ytmfiai dta 

tovg TioXeiiovg tovg nqog tovg Kaqdov)[i)vg, 2. Eig de r]v dtpixovro 

xoifirfV fjieydXtj te ^v xa) ^aaiXeiov eJ)^e t^ oarqdnrj, xai im 

raig nXeicraig oixiaig rvqceig inliaavy iTiiTrjdEia ^ ^v dax^iXrj. 3. 

*Eyt£v-&€v 5* iftoqEv&rjaav arad^fiovg dvo naqacdyyag dixa l^iexqig 

VTteqijXd^ov rag TiTjyag tov Tiyqrjtog Trozafiov. 'EvTSv&ev ^ ino^ 

Q€v&rjaav ara&fiovg rqeig naqaadyyag nevrexaidexa im tov 

TqXe^oav notafAOv, Ovtog S tjv fieyag fiev oh, x^Xog de' x^fxai 

de TToXXui Tieqi tov nota^ov riaav. 4. '0 de tonog ovtog ^Aqjie- 

via ixnXeiTO tj nqog eaniqav. Tnaqyog f tjv avt^g Ti]qt^a^og, 

6 xal ^aatXei qiiXog yevof^erog' xai onote naqeirj, ovdelg dXXog 

^iCGiXea im tov innov ave^aXXti^. 5. Ovtog nqogi^Xacsv inneag 

^aif, xal nqoniiiypag eqfirjvsd etnev oti ^ovXoito diaXex'&r^vai toTg 

iqxovai. Toig de atqatrjyoTg edo^ev dxovaai ' xal nqogeXd'ovteg 

Big infjxoov tiqcirmv tl &eXoi. 6, * de eJnev oti aneiaats^ca 

SovXoito icp <j) ju//r£ aitog tovg "EXXrjvag ddixeiv fi^te ixelvovg xaU 

eiy tug oixiag, Xafj^dveiv ts td initffieia oaoov dioivto. ^jfil^oja 

tavta tolg atqati]yoig ^al icnsiaavto im tovtoig^ 

7. 'Eiftwd'sp f iaoQSvd'r^cav ataOfsovg tqelg ^la neiUov no^o^ 


cAyyag fisptexatdexa ' xaJ TtjQi^a^og naQrjxoXoidEi Ijfoof ti^ acr 
rov dvvafiiv ans^^cav tag dtxa aradiovg ' xai acpixovro slg ^aaOMa 
x«t }((afiag mQj^ noXXag fioXXmv rmv ifziTtjdtimv fiecToig. 8. ^r^o- 
TOTiedevofAtPOiv if avi^v yiyvBtai trig wxrog ^ftcof noXXri ' xai 
kfa&tv tdo^e dtaaxtjvtjaai rag rd^eig xal tovg atQartjyovg xaza zag 
xbjfiug * oi yctQ icoQGtv noXifiiov oidiva xat aaq)aXeg idoxei dva 
•^8ia to TtXJjd^og rrjg X^Qfl^f' ^' 'Evtavd'a bIjov navra ta iqiri^Seio^jifi 
oaa s(jTtv aya^a. lEoeia, aitovj oivovg naKaiovg svoaoEtg, a<5ia^^ 
oag^ ocTTQia navtooanOi. Toof oe anoaxBOOL»wfi^Qav riveg ano rov 
arQuionidov eXeyov on xatldoiev atQciiBVfAa xcu vvxttoQ nolla 
fivga cfalvoiTO. 10. ^Edoxsi dtj loTg ozQatriyoTg ovx a<jq)aXsg sJfou 
diaffxrjvovPf aXXa avvayaysiv zo azgdzevf^ nahv, 'Evrau&sp aw- 
tjld^ov xai yao iSoxsi diaid-gid^eiv.^ 11. Nvxteoevovztov S 
avjoDv Bvzavira emninzei xitov anlezogj togzs UTiexQvips xai za 
OTzla xai zovg dv^Qtonovg xazaxmiivovg ' xai za VTio^vyia avfs- 
Ttodiasv ri xioav ' xai nolvg oxvog tjv dviazaad^ai ' xaraxEtfUiiof 
yctQ akesivov ^v fi x^v ^mnBTtzcaxvia otq) jm^ TtagaQQvei^, 12. 
Enei 08 Asvocpmv ezoA.fif]ae yvfivog mv avaazag cxiQeir ^vJia, rax ^ 
avaazdg rig xai aXXog ixeivov dq}£X6fievog iGXicev* 13. 'Ex di 
rovzov xa) oi aXkoi avaardvreg ttvq sxaiov xai ixQiovro ' noU 
yoLQ ivzav'&a bvqIqxbzo x^iofAay <j) ixQ^vro art iXaiovj avewv xai 
Cfjadfiivov xai dfivyddXivov ix r^v mxQ^v xai rEQe^ip^tpOf, 'En 
de rSiv avzmv rovrmv xai pLvffiv svQiaxero. \^\, 

14. Msra ravra iSoxei ndXiv biaax^Pfftiov eJvai eig tag 

xdfiag elg aztydg. ''Ev&a d/j ol azgarimrai avv TioXXy xgavy^ xai 

fj^ov^ ^eaav inl rag orsyag xai za imzi^deia^'^ oaoi de ore ro nqi- 

regov dm^saav rag oixiag iveTTotjadr^vnb zr-g aid^giag dixw idido 

aav xaxmg axTjvovvzeg. 10. hvzsvirey sTzefixpar rrjg rvxrog 

tVOsS JriiAOxgdzriv Tefitriztjv Mgag dovreg inl ra ogrj, Iv&a iqjaaof 

01 dnoGXEdavvvfJievoi xa^ogav ra nvgd' ovrog yag idoxBi x«I 

ngozEQOv noXXa i^dij dXrjd^evaai zotavra, ra ovza re (og ovra x« 

, za fiij ovza wg ovx ovza. 16. nogev&etg de ra fiep Ttvga oh 

iqit] Ideiv, avdga ds avXXa^ojv tjxev dycov exorra rol^ov IleQanthf 

xai qiaqizQav xai ady^giv oiavneg xai al ^AfitJ^oveg Ixovotv. 17. 

'EQnzdfitvog beno^aiiog eiiri, IUqctis jaev ^t^ tl-vai, iCQQeve<rdiii ti 

LIB. IV. CAP. V. 93 

^QtoTcov avrov to ctQcirevfia onojsov re eitj xai im rin cvfsiXB' 
y^iivov, 18. 'O da slnev on Tf]Qi^a^og eil] e^oiiv tj^v re iavrov 
dvpafuv xal fii6&oq)6Qovs Xdhv^ag xal Taoxovg ' TtaQsaxevdo&cu 
di avtov Iqirj (ag im rj vtieq^oX'q tov OQOvg iv roig arsvoig ^iteg'' 
^^itih/axif Eiri fioQHa^^mav&a ini^ijaofiepov zoig^EXXTjaw. 

19. ^Anovaaai tolg GTQarrfyoeg zavia s8o^e to ctQatevfia 
awayayeiv * xai ev^vg, q}vXaxag xaraXiTiovzeg xal ctQatriyov im 
zoig fiapovai ^oq)aivszov 2rvfji(pdXioVf inogevovro, sxovrsg ^yefiova 
TOP aXona av&Q€onov. 20. 'Eneid)] di VTiegi^aXXov ra ogrj^ oi 
nsXrotaral Ttgoiovzeg nal xatidovzeg. to axQarontdov om efieivar 
fovg onXizitgy a}X dvanQayovteg f&Bov im to atQuionedov. 21. 
01 de ^doBoLooi axoitsafzeg tov d^ogv^ov ovx vnifieivav^ dXX tq}8v- 
yov * oimg de icai a7zi-&av6v jiveg tmv ^ag^ugtov ' xal innoi 
riXtoaav eig etHO<si, xai ij aaijvr] rj Tqgi^dZov edXco xal iv avTJ yt-Xl- 
vat agyvgonodsg kcu ixTZoifiaTa aal ol dgtOKOTZoi xai ol olvoj[6oi 
qidaKOvtsg eJvaL 22. 'ETzeid/j de inv&iivto ravza oi rojv onXiz^f 
(FtgarriyoXf idoxei ainoig amivat r^y raxiffztjv im to ctgaronedov^ 
ft^ tig ifzid'eaig yevmro rolg xaraXeXeififiivoig. Kal ev&vg dvaxoL- 
XBcdfUPOi T§ adXmyyi aTZi^eaar nal aqjUovzo av&ijfiegov ini to 
OTQatofiedop, , 


CAP. V. 

1. Ty f vdzegaia idoxei Ttc^fSjeov ehai ontj dvvairzo rdxiata^ 
ftgiv $ avXXeyJivou to atgdrevfjia ndXiv xai TcataXa^eiv ra atepd, 
£vaxeva<jdf4evoi S ev&vg inogevovro dia y^iovog noXXrig ^yefiovag 
ixopzeg noXXovg' xai av&rj[iegbv vneg^aXovreg ro axgov icp qp 
ifieXkep imri&ead^ai T/^gi^a^og nareargaronedeiaavro, 2. 'JSyrcv- 
(^ev iTzogev&Tjcap ara&fiovg igrifiovg rgeig nctgaadyyag Tzevrexai' 
dexa im rhv Einpgdrrjv Tzotafibvy xal dit^aivov avtov ^gexofJievot 
ftQog tov 6(Jiq)aX6v, 'EXiyovzo de avrov ai nriyou oh ngoam elvai, 
3. 'Ertev&ev inogeiovto dia x^ovog TtoXXijg xai nedlov ata&fAOvg 
tQtiSg Ttagaadyyag nevtexaidexa* '0 de tgitog iysveto ;^aA£;ro( 
xoi dvBfAog ^og^ag ivavtiog invei, navtdnaaiv a?roxai<nir itdvxa 
wu nmrn ^ rov^' uv^Qd^ovg. 4. "^Evd^a Sri t&v (AavxtcAV xis iln% 


ifoog Idoie i.^^1 TO ;f a^f ;rof tov Trvevfiarog. ^Hv di rtjg j^ioi^og tJ 

pd&og OQyvid' Sgrs xal t^y vno^vyicav xai rSv avdqanodmf 

TtoXXa a7T(o}jErOy xai tmv atQarimt^v mg jQiaxovra, 5. ^uysporro 

de t^v vv'Ata 7TVQ xaiovteg • ^vXa f i^v iv tq) arad^fi^ noXXd ' oi 

di 6\pe TTQogiovtsg ^vXa ovx elxor. 01 ovv naXai ijxovtsg xai nvQ 

xaiovre^. ov nqoguaav TtQog to nvQ rovg oxpi^ovrag^ fI f^ij fitra' 

SoTev avToTg nvQOvg § aXXo n tav s^ouv ^qcarov. 6. Ev&a Hi 

fiettdldofffitv ,aXXi^Xoig cov el^ov txaatoL "Evd^a di to nvQ ixaUto, 

diatTjxh^svrjg trig x^ovog Bo^goi iylyvovto fieydXoi Igte sm to ddnt- 

Sov ' ov drj naQTjv ihetqsiv to ^d&og trig j^iovog, 

7. 'Evtev^Ev de tijv fmovaav rjfifgav oXtjv inogsvovto dm 

Xiovog, xa) noXXo\ tmv dvO^QCoTTCxtv f^ovXifilaaav. SevoKprnv ds ontr 
ad^ocpvXaHOJv xal xataXafj^dvoDv tovg mntoftag tav dr&Qoi7i(o^ 

riyvoEi ti to nd&og sttj. 8. ^Ensidf] di eJni tig avtc^ zmv ifSuC^ 

Q(ov oti aacpag ^ovXifAiojat^xat fdv ti (pdyoaaip dvaati^aorreUf 

TTEQiicov TiEQi ta VTio^vyicc, El 7T0V ti ogqiTj ^Qootov, diedidov xal dienen' 

Tie didovtag tovg dwafihovg TzagatQEXEiv toig ^ovXi/Jiimif* 

I *E7i£i8}j di ti fficpdyoiev, dviazavto xal inoQEvovto, 9. TIoQSvofievM 

de XEiQiGotpog fi€v ificpl xviq^ag^Ttfyog xoifitjv dq)ixp£itcu, xtu 

vdQ0(f0Q0V6ag eh tijg x(6fiTjg nQog ty x^jjyj yvvaixag xal xoqws 

xataXAfji^dvEi EfiTzgoad^ev tov EQVfiatog. 10. Avtai rjQoircaif Oih 

tovg tlveg sisv, ' ds EQfiipevg elne UeQaiati on Tiaga ^oufiXeng 

TtOQEvoifto TiQog tov aaTQdjiTjv. At de dnexQivavto oti owe 

fvtav&a Eiri, dXX dmyoi oaov naQctadyyr^v. 01 d*, btzeI oipe tiff 

TTQog tov xo}fidQ)^t]v avvEigEQ^ovtai slg to egvfjia avp roug vdQO<^ 

Qoig. 1 1. XEiQiaoq}og fxiv ovv xai oaoi idvvrjd'Tjaav tov atQatevfiato^ 

ivtav^a iatQatOTzedevaavzo ' tmr 6' aXXmv otQatimrop ol im 

dwd^iEvoi diatEXiaaitfiv odov EvyxtEQev^ctf^oiairoi xal avBv nvQog' 

xal Evtav&d ttyeg andXqvto toov atgatuot^v. 12. ^Eqseinonn 

de tmv noXsfiiodv'iivvEdEyfiE'voi ttveg xal ta firj dvvdfieva rmf wifh 

^vyioov riQTzat^ov xal dXXriXoig E^id^ovto neqi avtmv, ^EXeinovto dt 

xal tojv atQatmtm' olte diEqi^agiAEvoi vno t^g xiovog rovg oqt&al^,^^ 

uovg ol te vno tov ipv^ovg tovg daxtvXovg tojv nodmv anoif^ 

noteg, 13. ''Hv de toTg fiev ocpO^aXfioTg emxovQt^fia trjg xfovag « 

tig fAekav ti E^viv nqo tmv ocpd^aXfjimv nogevono ' t&v di nodAtfl 

ttff xiPOito Hoi firfiinoxt iflvxiav i^o^ ^^ ^^ ^^ rvxrtt imoXimn 

Q)T! r Jtr V" rK 

;.. „ '^^'* LIB. IV. CAP. V. 96 

14. *0(3o« di VTiodEdsfisvoi ixoifioovrOf eigedvorrn ««V tohg nodag oi 
Ifjuivjsg xal ra vnodfifiatct mQien/iyvvvto' xaJ y!tQ l^aav, inetd^ 
imXiTre ra aQ^oua vnodfifAata, xaQ^azivai avtoig TienoiJjfuvai ix 
rmv veodaQzoav ^ooiv. ^ 15. /Jia rag roiavtag ovv avdynag vneXeinov 
TO tiveg imv aTQatioDToov ' nai idovteg fi^Xav ti )[€OQiov dia Jo^ixXeXoir- 
fitvai avto&i rrjv ;ffOi'«, eifxa^Qv f^ijjxtvai • xal tBtrixli oia xQi^vtiP 
ziva 5 nXriaiov r^v aTfii^pvaa iv vdn^. 'Evrav^a txTganofiiioi ' 
ixdO'fjvTO xal ovx ecpaaav nogevead^cu, 16. 'O $8 Sevoq)6ov, c^wi' 
OTiiaOocpiXaacag dg (la&eio, ideiro avtmv ndaij Tf^yjy xal fJifJXf^^U 
ut] dnoXtlnBa&ai, )Jy(ov ou inovtai noXXol TtoXefiioi aweiXeyfibvoi * 
xal reXevrmv Bji^aXinaivav, Oi ds aq)dtreiv ixeXevov • ov yag av ^ 
dvvaad^at Tmgsv&lirai. ^ 17 , 'EvzavO-a ido^s xgdtujiov elvat tovg 
b/iofjievovg noXefiiovg (po^ri^ai, u tig dvvaiTO, firj smoi8v loXg 
ndfivovGi. Kal i]v fisv axotog f^drj, oi ds Tigogi^eaav noXX(^ &ogv§cp, 
aficpl (OV thop diaweoQfievoi, 18. *' Ev(fa drj oi [iiv onic&oi^vXaxBg 
are vyialvQvteg i^avaardifzeg Idgafiov eig rovg noXefJiiovg ' oi di 
xdfivovteg, dpaxgayovteg oaov tfiivavto fjisytator, rag damdag 
ngog ta dogara hxgov^af. Oi di TioXtfAioi deiaavteg f^xav iavzovg 
xarct trig X^-ovog Big t]jv vdn^v xal ovdelg in ovdafiov IqiO^iyl^azo, 
19. Kai Sevocprnv fiiv xal oi 6vy aifj^, einovzeg rolg iad^svov- 
auf on tJ vategala /j^ovai Jiveg in avtovg, nogevofievoiy ngiv 
J it toga crddia dieX&etv, ivrvyxdvovaiv iv ry od^ dvanavofiivoig 
in) Trig ^lovog toTg azgandraig iyxexaXvfifiivoig, xai ovds cpvXaxf] 
ovdsfdia xaO^eian^xei ' xal dviaraaav avtovg. 20. Oi 3* eXeyof 
on oi ifingoa&ev ovx vj^oxtogoiev. 'O ds Tzagimv xal nagamfi' 
noMf rav TzsXraatmv rovg laxvgozd'zovg ixsXevs axi\paa&ai n siij 
TO xtaXvov. Oi de dTtrjyyEXXov ozi oXov ovnag dvaTravoito to 
(fTQatevfia. 21. 'Evtav&a xal oi negl S^vocprnvta ijiXiad^fiaar av* 
tov iivBv nvgog xaX aJUBinvoi, q^vXaxdg oiag idivavto xatacttiad- 
tut'ui. ^EttA ds Tzgog rifitgav ^v, 6 fiBv ABvocpav, Tiifiipag ngog tovg 
aaOkvovvzag tovg vemzdtovg, dvaffti^travtag ixiXsvasv dvayxd^etp 
nQOitvai, 22. 'Ev di tovzq^ XBigtaoq)og mfiTtBi tmv ix ttjg xmf^ijg 
axBxpofj^fvovg TT^g Ixoiev oi ttXevtaiot. Oi ds aafiBvoi idovtsg 
tohg fiiv daO-Bvovvrag tovioig TzagtSoaav xofii^tiv ini to atgaro 
ndioVf ainol di inogsvovto * xal ngtv bixogi atddia dtsXtiXv^ivat 
fcror ftifog t^ Kmutjf iv&a XBtgiaoqtog i^v^i^cro* 2^* ^ Enei )^ 


ovt'tynopjo aXXi^Xoig, edo^e aata tag xmfiag affq)ak€g elvtu ro^ 
ta^ti^ (jxiyyovy. Kai Xeigiaoqiog /uv avzov ifiBv^v, ol ds aXXoh 
dialaxovzfg ug imQOiv Tioifiug inogpvovtOy txaaroi rovg iavrwf 

( 24. "^Ev^a dt^ rioXvyQccrtig '^&t]vaiog Xox^yog ixekevaev acpii 

fa( ahtov ' xaJ la^mv rovg ev^oivovgy OfW im ttjv xoifjir^v ?i 
^iX/^x^t !^tvo(p6}v xaiaXafi^dvei Tzdvzag ifdov rovg xmfi/^rag xai 
jov TifOfiuQXfl^ ' >*«' 7T(6Xovg tig 6aafJio^ ^aatXei rgecpofitvovg mta' 
aaidt'Aa ' aal rr^v Ovyartga tov TiOjfiaQXOV, ivpatTiv fifAtQav y£ya- 
utjfiivr^v ' 6 8e oivifQ avtijg Xayoog ^x^'^^ ^rjQcioiaVy hcu ovx V^ ^^ 
ralg xcofjiaig. 25. ^l d' olxiui ifiav Tiaraytioi, to ftev arona 
agnsQ qqtatog, ndtG) d' svQeiui ' al ^ 8igodoi tolg fi£v vnot^vyiois 
ogv^ta), ol de ar{^Q037zoi xutt^aivov im aXifiaxog. 'Ev ds tcug 
ohiaig ^aav alyeg, ohg, ^oeg, oQffO^eg, xa) ta sxyova tovtcav tk 
y ■• • '-' de xti[vri nuvta ;r/P.f«> hdov itgtqiovto, 26. ^Haav ds xaJ tivqoi 
xai xQiO^ai xai oanqia xai olvog xQid^ivog iv ^xgatfJQpiv ' ivljaav di 
xal aitai al xQi{}al iaoxtiXtlg ' xai xaXafxoi ivexeivto, ol fiiv [HeI- 
^ovg ol d( iXdtzovg, yovata ovx ^x^vteg, 21, Tovtovg S eSft, 
bnott tig di\p(^ij, Xa^ovta tlgjo .cjrq^a fiv^eiv ' xa] ndvv Axqatog y< 
t^v, H firj tig voojQ tmxtpi xai navv rjov avfifiav'om to nofm rpf. ^oi'r 

28. ' ds Sevoqi^v tov piev aQx^^"^^ ^^^ xoifjirjg ravtijg df 
d€i7tvov inou]aa7o xai &aQQUv avtov ixtXevs, Xiyaov oti ovre tw 
texvoav ateQhaoiio t^v te oixlav avtov avteixTiXriaaffteg Tp}y emr^- , 
ddoav dfzidCiv, 7]v dya&orti t^ otgatevfiati i^ijyTjadfjCEvog q)aiif0€U j^ 

"^ igt dv iy dXXcp a&vei ytvcovtai. 29. 'O ds tavtaiTiiaxptito, xai 
qnXoqQOvovfievog olvov tcpgaasv sv&a riv xatOQ&iQi^lMvog, Tavtf(f 
fiiv ovv trjv vvxta 8iaax7iyi^6avtsg ovtmg ixoifii^&f^cap iv nacw 
dqjd^ovoig ndvteg ot otgatimtai, iv (pvXaxi^ ex^vteg tov x<o(iaQpl'^ 
xai ta tixva avtov ofiov ev oqd^aXfioig. 30. 2^ ^ iniovfrq ijid' 
qa S^vocp^v Xa^cov tov xcofidgxTiv ngog Xsigiaoipov inoQevEto. 
97tov de fiagioi xoifJiTjVf stQtneto nqog tovg iv taig xoifiaig xai x«- 
teXd(ji§ars nartaxov eviaxovfjitvovg xai fv^^vfiovfievovg^ xai ovdtt- 
fLodev dqieaav ttqiv naga^mai avtoTg agiatov 31. owe ^ t 
ifzov ov Tiagezi'&Eaav im tijv avtr^v tgdne^av xgea agvsiay eQitpmu, 
XOigeia, fioayeia^ ogvi&tia, cvv TioXXoig dgioigy toTg fjiiy TnfQtfOlS 
€Oiff ds xgi^ifoig* 32. ' Onote di wg q)iXoq)govovfAev6g zty ^ovlouf 

LIB. IV. CAP. VL 97 

tQOnmVf sJXxev ini thv 'AQutiJQa ' tv&Ev imy^vxpavta idet ^qioHrta 
liveiy (SgnsQ ^ovv. Kat r^ xafidgj^d ididoaav Xan^aveiv o it 
hvXotzo. 'O 8i uXXo f4€v oidsv idtjezo' onov ds riva rcoy <Tvy- 
'svoov tdoi, TiQog iavTOv aei iXafi^avEv. .j 

33. ^Enti de f^XO^ov nqog X€tQi6oq)Ov, xareXoifji^ayov xaxu 
ovg Gxjjt'ovrzagf i67€Cfav(ofievovg lov ^i^qov //P»ov ateq)dvoig, xcu 
ha^orovvrag ^^Qfitriovg naldag avv raig ^(iQ^aqiTiCug atoXaXg ' toig 
^6 naiaiv idtiy.vvaav togneg ireoTg o zt dsoi Tzoieir. 34. ^Enel di 
:XXilXovg i(f,iXo(fQov)iaapTo Xeigiaocpog xai Sevo(p^v, xot^Jj dtj avt]- 
(6z(ov 10V xcofidg'/r^v dia rov nsQai^tog SQiirjvecog rig euj y jfoo^a. 
!> 5' eXtytv on '^gfievia. Kai fidXiv ^igdroiv rivi ol innoi tqe- 
)OivTO. *0^' D.eyev ozi faciei daojiog ' ti^v de TzXtjaiov ^fca^ay 
yjy eiyou XdXifag, xai t^v odbv eq)Qa^ev ri Eiq. 35. Ka\ oLVzhf v 
ore fxlv cy^eto aycav 6 Atvocpc^v TZQog rovg eavzov olxerag, xal itt* 
:ov ov tiljl^i Tza Xaireg ov didoDcri t^ Tcmfidg'/t' dvad gixpa vri xara- 
yvaai^ ozi f^kovs^Vf avzov legov elvui tov 'HXiov, dedtmg f^ij d7zo{^dvi] • 
Kexdamzo yag vno trig noguag ' avrog de rwy moXmv'Xafi^dvst, 
a< TOJv dXX(ov Gtjgarr^y^v 3<ai Xoj^ayojv idcoicev iy.dar(^ nmXov 
6. ^H<5(tv 5' 01 TrtuzJS ^TiTzoi fieiQpeg fiev imv IJE gfftx mv, ^vfioeide- 
regot Si noXi. ^Evzav&a dr^ xai diddoKei 6 xoofidgxrjg rtsgi 
yvg Tzodag t&tv innaav ^a\ rav VTZO^vyimv aaxCa Tze gietX eiPf otav 
^ 7^'tf X^ovog dyooaiv ' avtv yag zmv aaxi&v aatedvovzo [lixgi 
)g yaatgog- 


1. *Enei de rjfifga r^v dy86tj, rov iisv rjyefiova Ttagadidcoai Xbm^ 
(Toq.cpj rovg S* oiattag KaraXeiTisi tq) Ticufidgxn, nXijv tov viov 
7Ti T^pdaaovtog, Tovzov d' 'Eniad^ivei '^fiq)i7zoXit'(i rtagadidmai 
vXarreiVf onoag el xaXmg {jy/jooizo sx^^ ^^^ zovrov dnioi. Kcu 
g rijv oiMiiv avrov dgeq^ogrjaav cog idvvavto nXeTara, xal ava^ev^ 
vntg inogBvovzo. 2. 'Hyeizo d' aizoTg 6 xcofidgx^ig XaXv/isrog 
a xfovog. Kai rfiq z rjv iv z(p zgizqi cza&fi^ aai Xeigiao(pog 
Jrqi ixaXendviyri ozi ovx sig xoifxag tjyev. ' ^ iXsyev oti ovx 
er '^V TQ) zoncfi zovzcp, ' di Xeigiaoq)og avzov ETiataB fiev, idijai 
^ 3. 'Bk di rovTov ixiivog ziqg vvvizog anodqaig ^V^^ matop 


ki7Ti}v tov viop. FovTo ye 5// XeiQiaogx^ >iai Aevoqtmni fwpot 
didg}OQov iv tiji noftua iyifeto, ij rov fjyefiovog xdxmtjig xcu aiiikita. 
* E7Zia{^svi]g de T^Qoiad^rj je tov Ttatdog xai oixcide xouiaag nustoxah 

J 4. Mbto, 10V10 moQEV'&iiaav inra ota&iJiovg ava nirte noQa* 
(sdyyoLg tJjg ^fjisQag Tiaga lov ^daiv :zorafioVy evQog TtXeO^Qiouov, 
6. 'EvTtvd^ev inoQtv&riGav ara&fAovg dvo naqaadyyag dixa ' im 
di TJJ eig to Tzediov vTieQ^oky dTnqvi^aav avjoig XdXv^eg xal Td- 
0^01 xal fpaaiavoL 6. XeiQiaoqjog de inei xureide tovg noXefiiovg 
em 71J vneQ^oXiJi, enavaato noQevonevog, dmy(^(ov mg TQidxovta 
azadiovg, iva iiii year a xeqag dyav nXriGidari tolg noXenioig' na- 
{)r^yyetXe de xal Toig dXloig Traqdyeiv rovg X6)i^ovg,'07i(ag im qidXayyog 
ytvoiro to atQdrevfxa. .7. ^Etih de t^Xd'ov ol oTziad'ocpvXaxeg, aw- 
eytdXtoe zovg azQatr^yovg Tcai Xo'j^ayovg, aal eXel^ev wde ' 

01 fjiev TToXtfxioi, (og oqdre, xate)[0V6i rag vTZSQ^oXag zov oQOvg. 
aga de ^ovXevead^ai OTToog cog xdXXiata dymnovfieda. 8. 'JEJtio/ fisf 
ovv doxel TiagayyelXui fiev dgiatOTtoieiGO^at roTg GTQazidtcugf 
i^fAug de ^ovXevead^ai the trjiiegov eae avqiov doxel vnegBdXXsiv to 
OQog, 9. 'Efiol dtye, tq^ri 6 KXedvooQ, doxei, mav^tdy(tisra OQiati^GOh 
fitr, i'^OTiXicafievovg (og tdy^iata iivai em tovg dydqag, Eiyaq diatqi- 
xpo^iev tijv t^fiegov yfxegav, oi te vvv ogrnvteg rjfidg rtoXe'fuoi d'o^ 
gaXecotegoi eaovtai xal aXXovg eixog tovtmv &a^govvtmv nXsiovg 

10. Meta tovtof Sevocp^v eJnev ' ^Eyco 5' oirco yiyvoiaHoo * 8. 
fiev dvdyxf] earl fidy^eod^ai, tovro del Tzagaaxevdaaad^ai OTtmf (agxgi 
tiata fiaxovfJitOa ' ei de ^orXofied^a cag gdata VTieg^dXXeiv, tovtp 
/wot doxeZ (tkehteov etvai omog dtg iXd^iata fiev tgavftata XaSaCfiei^ 
tog eXd^iata de aoifxata df^dgmv dno^dX^iiev. 11. To (lev ovf 
ogog iazl to bgcofxevov nXeov tj icp e^r^xovta atddia, dvdgeg S ov- 
dafiov cpvXdttovteg Tjfxdg cpavegoi elaiv dXt rj xata tavrr^p tijf 
odov TioXv ovv xgnttov tov igi^fiov ogovg xai xXtxpai ri neiga* 
c&ai Xad^ovtag xai dgndaai qi&dGdvtag f^v dvrcofjie&a fidXXov ij 
ngog layiyga x(»igia xai uvdgag nageaxevaafitvovg f^dx^aO-ai, 12. 
IIoXv ydg gaov ogOiov dfAuyei iivai 7j of-iaXeg Ud^ev evOev no- 
leuimv ovtfov • xou vvxtoog dfia^ei fjidXXov dv ta ngo nod^v OQtp^ 
rtg ^ fiB^ fjfiiQaif fiaxofisvog ' xai tj tgaxeia toTg Tzoaiv auaiti 



LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 99 

iovaip evfi£vs<frt-Qa tj oftaXr^ rag xeqiulag paV,ofiefoii 13* 
Kal aXsjpai ovk advvatov fioi doxti elrai, i^ov fxh rvxrog 
Uvai, (ag firj OQciad^ai' i^ov ds aneX&eiv roaovtov mg fitj 
aic^vaiv naqiiBiV' jdoxovfisv if dv fjioi ravrri nQognoiov^" 
vol TTQog^dXXBiv eQtjfiortQcp kv tq) liXXo^ oQei /^^(Tt>«/* (xtvoief 
yocQ avtov fiakXov aO^QOoi ol TToXffUoi' 14. ^Atuq ri (ya 
TZtQt xXoTiJJg (jvfA^dXXofjiai ; * T^ag yaq tyooye, co XbiQlaocfe, u>iov<o 
Tovg ^anEdaifiopiovg oaoi iars rmv ofioicov svd^vg ix naidaf 
xXtnreiv fxeXBtav' xai ovx ala^Qov thai aXXa xaXov xXsTzteiv 
oaa fifj 'AmXvH vofiog. 15. "OTimg ds cog y.Q(itiaia aXsjirr^rt xal 
neiqaay^e Xav&dveiv, vofjitfjiot' uqu vfiTv iaxiv iav Xtiq}d^tJ7e xXintov- 
reg fiaariyovad^aL Nvv ovv fidXa aoi y.atQog fativ imdei^aaO-at 
rrjv 7iai8iiav, xai q)vXd^aaO'ai fitvioi f^rj XT]q)\)'63fiEv xXsfitorreg toi 
OQOvg, oag fjifj noXXdg nXriyag Xd^^uer^ 

16. '^XXa fitvroi, etiprj 6 Xstgiaocpog, -Aaydo vfxdg rovg ^A&q 
raiovg axov(o dsivovg elvai xXenTstv ra di^fioata, xal fidXa ovtog 
Sen'ov tov xivdvvov T(p xXemovTi, nut tovg xQarictovg fisvzoi ud- 
Xi^Jtoc, ei7Z€Q vfiTv 01 xQdziaTOi do'^Biv d^iovvrai' ^gre mqcc xal aol 
inideiyivya^at rrjv naideiav. 17. ^Eyo) fxev rdivvv, t^rj 6 Sevoq)^v^ 
etmfiog etfu lovg omc&oqjvXayMg tycov eTiudav demv/iaoofjiev Uvcu 
xaTaXf]\p6fievog to OQog, ''Eyi^co ds x«! rjyenovag ' ol yag yvfiv'rjzeg 
rwv (cpeTiOfisvoov rjiiTv TcXoanmv sXa^ov ritag ivedgsmavTsg ' xat 
Tovzmv Tivviydvofiai ozi ovk d^azov iazi to ogog, dXXa vBfiBzot 
ai\i xar povmv • (agts Bavneq (mat Xapcofiev zi tov ogovg, pata nat 
roTg vno^vyloig sazai. 18. ^EXniXco ds ovds jovg noXBfilovg fu 
vBiv Bzi ifTBidav idoaitv fjiidg iv rrp o^oicp im zmv dxgmv ' olds yag 
vvv iiyiXovifi xaza^aivBiv fjfAiv Big to laov. 19. 'O 5« XBigiaocpog 
bItts * Kal ti 8bT gb Itvai xa) XbIttbiv trjv onia^ocpvXaxiav ; dXX 
aXXovg mfixpov, av fit] tivBg iOtXovmot q^aivwvtai, 20. 'Ex toV' 
70V '^giaravvfiog MBO^vdgiBvg tgxBzat onXitag ejfoay xal ^Agiaziag 
Xiog yvfivrjtag xai Nixoiia^og Oitaiog ')Tfiv7irag ' xal avv&t^fia Ol'-cl 
iTTon^aavto ottotb bxqibv ta dxga nvga xaiBiv noXXd, Tavza avV' 
OsfiBvoi rigtazmv. 21. 'Ex dftov dgiazov ngoriyayBv 6 XBigiaoqiog 
to (ftgdzBVfitt nav (^ 8sxa atadiovg ngog tovg TZoXsfiiovg, ontog (o$ 
uakusta doxjgitj taizTj Trgogd^siv. s^ 

22. *EnBidt\ df idsinvr^ffav xal vv^ iyivBto^ at ftcir xwipimm^ 


t^xot'to, nut HurakafA^dpovai to ogog ' oi if aXXoi ahtov avtniLvw 
to. 01 dt TtoXh^ioi ojg icx^ovTO ixofitvov to oQogy iyqr^yoQeaav xai 
txaiov 7TVQU TioXlu dtavvHtog. 23. 'Enndq da i^fiSQa iyivBto X«- 
Qiaoqog nbr OvadfAtvog J^ye Ttaia jfjp odov, oi 8e to ogog xaTuXa- 
fiovTtg y.uza ra uxqu in\itaav, 

24. 2 wj' ^ uv noltfjiiaw lo fitv noXv ifiBvev isii tJ vneQ^oX\i 
Tov oQovg, ^ngog 6* avtoJv ani^vxa toXg xata ia aytga. UqIv di 
Ofiov uvai Tovg TtolXovg uXX/^Xoig <jifji/uypvovaiv ol aaza ia axQa^ 
x«l viTimaiv oi EXXf/veg x«l dtojxovaip, 25. 'Ev rovtap de nal oi ix 
lov TTtdiov oi fitv 7ie)aaGTul twv 'EXX/^vodv dQOfic^ i&eov TZQog 70ig 
naQatttayntvovg, XttQcaocpog di [iddrjv taxv IcpEineto avv tovg 
bnXliaig. '2Q. Oi de TioXififoi oi im ry 6d^ ineidtj jo av(a ioigoif 
^TTcoiitvov, qjEvyovGi ' xal aneO^avov fiev ov aoXXoi avrmvl yBQQ^ 
5fi nifJinoXXa iXi'icp&'q* a oi "EXlrivig raig piaxctiQaig xoTtrovreg 
dxQeict' inoiovv* 27. 'S^g 5* dve^TjoaVf ^vaavrag xou rgoncuof 
77 r^adfiavoi xatf^rjaav elgro Tiediov, xal eig xoifiag noXlav xm 
iyad^oov yefiovcag ^X'&ov. 


1. ^Ex di Tovtmv inoQev&r^aav £ig Taoyipvg Gta&fiovg mvu 
nagaadyyag TQtdxorta' xai rd mitrfiua inikme' x^Qia yuQ 
^xovv layvQa oi Tdoy^oi, iv olg xal xd imtrjdeta ndvta tl/ov 
dvaxtxo[jiiafjitvoi. 2. 'Enst, di dcpixovto eig y(^cogior o 7i67jv fuv oia 
cl/ev ov^ oixiag, avveXi^Xv&oreg ^ tjaav avToas xat utdQeg xia 
yvvaixeg xal xttjvri noXXd, Xetgiaocpog iifv TZQog tovro TiQogb^uh 
Xbv Ei'd^vg 7Jxo)v ' fTietdrj di ^ TiQoitti rd^tg dnsxafipeVf dXXr^ 7T()o^'!jH 
xal avd^ig dXXrj ' ov ydq riv ddgooig TiBQiatrivat, dXXd noxafiog /,» 
xvxXo^, 3. 'Ensidij di Ssvocpoov T^Xd^e avv rotg oma&ocpvXah xia 
ftsXruaTaTg xal onXiraig, ivtav&a dij Xeyei XtiQicocpog ' Eig xaXot 
rixETB ' TO ydq ^^qiov aiQSzeov txi ydq ctQaria ovx eon td iih 
tt}d£iay El fiq Xr^xpofiE&a io x<aQiov, 

4. ^EvTav&a drj xoivr^ e^ovXevovjo ' xai 7ov SEvoq;oinO'i 
iQoorSvrog ri to xoaXvov eit] EigEX&EiVy aJnev 6 Xetqi(yoq)og • 'y4XXk 
ula avtTj ndQodog iatip tjv ogdg' 9rav di tig tavrj] neiqdtai 


noQisvaiy xvXiv^ovfi U&ovg vtisq zav^rrjg rtjg vnsgexovarjg mtgag' 
og 5* av y.ataXt^cp&'Q, ovtio diazijStizai, Afia f idEi^e avvTBZQifji- 
fiivovg iyOgdnovg xaJ aaiXri xaJ nXsvQag. 5. Hv ds zovg Xi&ovg 
dvaX^^^dufy eq)fj 6 Sevocp^v, aXXo ti ^ ovbiv xoiAv^l naqUvai ; o% 
yuQ 01] ex tov Ivavtiov ogoifiEv el fii] oXiyovg lovtovg dv&Qconovg' 
xai TovTODv dvo 1] tgeig thnXianivovg, 6. To be yagiov, mg xai (Si 
OQug, (jxsdov TQiec TjfiiTtXe&Qoi huv o del ^aXXofjievovg duX&eiv. 
TovTOv de oaop nXid^QOv daah mtvai diaXemovaaig fiaydXaig, dv^ 
^ov iatr^xoteg avdgeg ti civ naaioitv ? vno rcw' cpsgofJievGiv Xl&oov ^ 
:/>•♦-- rmv niXivdovfitvmv ; to Xomov ovv i]d7] yiyverai dg rjfiinXe' 
^QOVyobelozavXtocpriGfaaivoiXld^oinctQabQaiiBlv. 7. *AXX ev&vg, 
iqit] 6 XeiQiaocpog, insiddv aQ^oifie&a elg ro daav TiQogiivai, cpegop- 
Tai oi Xid^oi fioXXoL Avto dv, eq)tj, to deov eirj ' d^dzzov ydq 
dvaXdaovai tovg Xi&ovg, ^AXXd TtOQevoifis&a Iv&ev tj/uv hixqov 
ri TtoQadoafieTv snrra J/y dwoifU'&a, hoi dneX&elv qabiov rjv^ovXoi' 

8. 'Evzev&ev moqevovzo Xeigiffocpog xaJ Sevoq)6ov xal KaXXi- 
(da^og Tlaogdaiog Xoxayog ' (tovtov ydg // rjyefiopia r^v zmr omad^o- 
(pvXdxoDV Xo^ayav exeivid T'q fjfiiQn ') ol de dXXoi Xoxc^yol efievov ev tqj 
dacpaXeX. Mezd zovzo ovr dTzljXd^ov vno zd derdga dv&qtanoi (og 
e^dofAqxovza, ova d&gooi dXXd xaif tva, eaaazog cpvXazzofievog 
mg idvvato. 9. 'Ayaaiag de 6 ^zvfAqjdXiog nai ^Agiazcovvfiog Me- 
^vdgievg xai ovzoi zav oniad'ocpvXdxoDv Xoxc^yol ovzeg, xai dXXoi 8et 
icfeazaaav e^&} zav devdgmv ' ov ydg ijv dacpaXeg ev zoTg devdgoig 
eardvai nXelov ri zov ha Xoyov* 10. ''Evd^a dr^ xai KaXXifia^og " 
urixavdzai r/ * ngoirgexev dno zov devdgov vcp qp r^v avzog dvo tj 
tgia ^rifiaza ' ^^nei de oi Xi^oi (pe'goivzo, dveyd^ezo evnezmg ' icp 
iadazTig de Trgoogofiijg nXeov ^ dexa dfial^at Trergoov dvfjXiGxovzo^ 
il. '0 de 'Ayaaiag (og bga zov KaXXifiaxov d enoiei, xai zo azgd- 
tevfia nd ^emfievov, deiaag firj oi Ttg^zog Tiagadgdfiot elg zb 
yogiov, ovze zov 'Agtazoivvfiov TiXtjaiov ovza nagaxaXeaag ovze 
EvgvXoxov zov AovGiea ezaigovg ovzag ovz dXXov oidtva /(ogei 
avzogy xal nagegxezai ndvzag, l5. ' de KaXXifiaxog (ag ea^ga 
avzov nagiovza, emXafi^dvezai avzov zlqg izvog' ev de zovicp 
fsage&ei avzovg 'Agiazoivvfiog Med^ydgievg^ xal fiezd zovzov Evgv- 

Xoxcg Aovaitvg * ndvreg ydg ovtoi avr^n^^-ovvto dqezrig xai dity; 



Ycuvi^opTO ftQog dXXjXovs ' kcu ovtmg eQiXovreg aiQOvai to %<n^iQ9 
S^g ya(j ana^ tlgidgaiJiov, ovdug nizqog ufw{hv i^vf^'^t^' 13 
*EpTav\)^a dt] dtipov l^v d^iaiia ' ui yuQ yvvai^itg Qiniovaai ra nai* 
dia tlzd xaJ iavzug inixaTHQQiTitovv ' nul oi avdqeg (agavrmc, 
"Ev&a dtj 'Aou udlvtag 2^zvficpdhog koiayhg idoov tita &iovza <ag 
Qixpovzu iavzov gto)Jjv iyjavza }(a)jjv iTZilafji^dretai (og 
KoXvaoov. 14. * 5* avjov inianmai, xaJ dftcpozegoi (o^ovzo xa- 
td todv TittQav q)e^6fiE'yoi xat dnt&aror, 'EvTsv&iv S,v-d'Q(07ioi fiir 
ndvv oXiyoi eX/^q'O^r^aav, ^otg de aai ovoi nolloi xai nQo^ata* 

15. 'Evzsvx^ev STioQev^tjaav did XaXv^cnv ata^fiovg mzd naqa- 
adyyag ntvTtjKOVTa* Ovroi 7jaav av du^X-O^ov dXxifioitaroi, xal 
elg x^f^Qf^S ytGuv, tlyov de ddqaxag Xi^ovg [tixQi zov tjtqov, dvzl 
de z^v TiJtQvycov anuQra nvxrd idTQ^ftfxtva. 16. Elt^ov de xai 
xtTjf^dag xai xQavrj xal tzuqu rr^v ^cofTjv (laxaigtov o<jov ^vijltjv x 
jiaxmnxr^v, ^ ioqiazzov av xgaztiv dvraivio ' xai dnorinvprseg 
dv rdg xecpaXdg t^ovzeg btioqsvovzo ' xai i^dov xai ixogevov onote 
oi noXifiioi avzov^ oxpea&ai ifitkXov ' eixov ds xai dogv cog Ttevre- 
xaidexa n^y^l fjiiav Xoyx^v t^ov, Ovzoi ivtfiBvov iv roTg^TzoXiaua^ 
CIV 17. fTiel ds 7ia()t).&ouv at '^EXXrjveg, sinovzo dti pta^ofjitvot- 
^xovv ds iv JoTg 6xv(J0ig ' xai zd Im'zijdF.ta iv zovzoig dvaxexofU' 
tsiiivoi r^oav ' ^gzs fxtjdev Xa^ l^dvk iv avzo'&ev rovg ^E)J,r^vag, dXXd 
diezQaqiTioav zolg xz/]reatv a ix zuv Taoi^ov tla^ov. 18. 'Ex tov- 
Tov 01 EXXrjvBg dcpixovzo ini zov ^Qnaaor nozafjiov, tvQog jstrd 
QODv nXiOgSr.^ Evjtv{^ev inoQtviy^Gav did 2Lxvdiv(av <STa'& fiovg 
tizzaqag naqacdyyag tixoai did ntdiov tig xojftag ' iv aig ffisivaf 
ijfjifQag rgeig xai ineaizlaavro, 

19. 'Evzet"0^£v ds 7^X\)ov aza'Ofiovg thtagag Tzagaadyyag stxoai 
fiQog TToXiv fjisydXi]v xa] svdaifiovu xai oixovfiivrjv ' ^ ixaXsizo Fv- 
uviag. 'Ex zavzr^g 6 rrig xtoga^' aQ^av zoig '^EXXrjGiv r/ysfiova mfi* 
71 SI, on<og did rr^g savrmv noXtiiiag x^Q^^ "^O' aviovg, 20. '£?.- 
&a)v S ixhivog Xsysi on dl^si avzovg mvrs ijixsgrnv eig x^Qiov o{^€t 
oxpovzai {)dXar7av ' si ds firj, rsd^vdvxi int^yyiXXszo. Kal Ijov- 
lisvog intidrj iti^aXsv sig ri^v savroTg TZoXsfiiaVy naQSxsXsvszo «u- 
Oiiv xai (f&sigsiv r};v x^Q^^' V ^«' dJ^Xov iyivszo ozi tovjov 
^"sxa fXd^oi, ov rljg roiv 'EXXr^voov svvoiag, 21. Kai dq;txvovniU 
im <ft igog t^ nifiTZt^ Vf^^Q^' ovo/xa de r^ OQet ^ ^Wi^' 

LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 103 

*EnBtb/i ds ot ngmroi iyivovro im rov oqovg xae Tcareidov itjv Oa* 
XatTaVy nQdvyr] TioXXij iysvsro. 22. ^A'/.ovaag ds 6 Seroqpoov xal ot 
omaOocpiXaii^g, oji^dr^oav ipiTiQoad^ev aXlovg iniri&Eadai noXs' 
fiiovg ' Eirtovto yag xal oma&kv ol in tijg Tcawfjitvrjg x^qag ' ncu 
avtav 01 onia'&oqivXaKeg amxreivdv tb rivag xal i^ooygr^aav ivedgar 
noiriaafiBvoi ' xai yegga f,ka§ov daaemv ^omv dfio^oBia aficpl la 
ei'AOOiv. T 

23. ^ETzeidij ds ^OTj Tikemv rs iytyvero xaJ iyyvtegov xal ol aei 
iniovTBg sOeov dgofK^j im Tohg aei ^oavtag xai noXX^ fiei^oov iyi' 
yvEZO Tj ^oq ocTQ) brj nXaiovg iyiyvovio, idoxei dr] fiei^or rt elvai rep 
^€voq)mvTL 24. Kul ava^ag icp innov xa\ Av^jov xaJ xovg 
iTZTieag apaXa^mv TtaQa^oqOei • xal Ta^a 8rj UTiovovai ^omvrmv toiv 
otQUZKormv QaXaxta ^dXatta y,a\ naQByyvdvtoov, ^'Ev&a dfj 
ii^eov anavzag xaJ oi 6mad^oq)vXaKeg, xal ra vno^vyia rjXavveJo 
xal oi Innoi. 25. 'Enei de aqjixovro Tzdvtsg mi to uhqop, ivtav- 
^a d/j rreQit^aXXov aXX/iXovg xai crgazTjyovg xal Xo^ayovg daxQv* 
ovTBg. Kal il^amvrjg ozov dij TzaQsyyvrjaavrog ol (StQazimtat 
CpSQOvai Xi&ovg xal noiovai xoXcovov fityav, 26. 'Evravd^a avert- 
'&B(5av deQfidzxav nXri&og oofio^oaimp xal ^axtriqiag xal ra 
aixf^dXoDta ytnoa, xal 6 TjyeiJimv avrog re xatttsfivs ta yaqqa xai 
toig dXXotg dtsxeXsvazo. 27. Mata ravra rov ijysfiova ol '^EXXtjvag 
aTZOmiiTZOvai, d^Qa dovzag dno xoivov 'innov xal quaXtjv aqyvQav 
3caJ (siiavriv TlaQatxijv xal Sagaixovg dtxa ' {rai da fidXiata rovg 
daxzvXfovg, xal aXa^a noXXovg naqa rmv arQatKotav. KdfiTjv da 
daiiag avtoTg ov ffxr^vi^tsovGi xal ^y odov i]v noQavaovzai aig Md* 
HQCHpag^ anal aanaqa iyavazo, ^^ato trig vvxrog dmoiv. 


1. 'EvravO-av d' inogav'&r^aav oi "EXXtjvag dia Maxgoivoov ata- 
^f4.ovg rgaig nagaadyyag dtxa. T^ ngdzy da rjfiaga dcpixovzo ant 
rov nozafiov og oio/ff t}]v rav Maxgoivav )[(6gav xai ti]V r&if 
SxvOtpo^v. 2. fSyov S vnagda^iov j^oDgiov olov laXancotarop 
xal €i OQiaragag dXXov norafiov aig ov iva^aXXav 6 ogi^cov di ov 
Idm dtu^rpfai, ^Hv di ovzog daffvg divdgaat naiiat (Uv ov« 


HVoTg ds, Tavza int] TTQogrjXO^ov ol ^E)Jkyi'eg tutonrov^ cmvdovui 
in tov )[(aQtov c)^ id)(^tata i^E),&uv. 3. 0/ ds Mdy.Q(attg s)^ort(g yeoQV 
xal Xoyx^ig nal iQixivovg yiKovag natavTiTTtQag zT^g dta^dascog Tiuga* 
TSTuyfitfoi Ijaav xaJ akX/ikotg dt£y,iX£vofro xal ki'&ovg eig tov Tiora' 
tiov ioQiTTTOvr ' f^iTivovfTO ds ov ovf fp.aTitoif ovdtv, 
jf- 4. "Kv^a df] nQoghQX^tai r^J Sevocfrnfti zmv neXraffJcop ng 
artjn '^{^/jPTjcji cfdaxtav dtdovXevxtvai, Xtyaov on yiyvdaaoi i//f 
qiOiv\y rojv avO^Qtantov. Kai olfiai, tcprj, ififjv zavtr^v natQida 
ilvai' xui, ti fiij Tt y.oi)Xvei i^iXoo aizoTg diaXB^d^J^vai, 5. WH 
ovdtv xmXvet, tq^fj ' uXXa dmXfyov not nad^B ngmtov avtmv tiVFg 
eiffiv. Ol ^ tlnov ^^anr^aavTog on MtinQwveg, ^EQciza roivvvt 
ecprj, avtovg ri avnzBiayiataiy >cal x^^Co^erVy '^fiiv TtoXeftioi ehai' 
6. 01 f aTrEy.Qivavro' Ozi xaJ viiBig ini zriv ruieziqavxfiQav eQXB- 
<y{^c. Atyuv tatXevov oi azQazrjyol ozi ov xuKoog ye aoir^aovzeg, 
aXXa ^aaiXei TioXafiTJcavzeg uTzeQxofie&a elg zijv 'EXXddUy xal im 
^aXazzav ^ovXofie-d^a dq)(ysad^ai, 7. 'Hgoizeov ixeivoi ei dcTev af 
zovzoDv za TiKJzd. Ol 5^ scpaaar xai dovvai xaJ Xa^sTp i&iXBi9. 
*EvtBv{yav didoaatr ol MdnQayveg ^aQ^agixljv Xoyxfjv zoTg ''EXXrjatf, 
ol ds EXXt]r€g t-Aenoig 'EXXt^nxr^v ' zavza yag icfaaav nvaza eipou ' 
&€ovg ^ BTzefiagzvgavTO dfiqiOzegoL 

8. Meza ds za maza ev&lg ol Maxgcaveg zadtvdga avrB^ixO' 
nzov z/jv z£ odov mbonoiovv dog dia^t^doovzsg iv fisaoig dvafisfU' 
yiiivoi zolg ''EXXtjoiv ' xal dyogav otav idvvavzo nageliov * xtu 
diriyayov iv zgiaiv Ijfxsgaig emg em za KoXxoav ogta 
xaziaitjaav zovg "EXXrjvag. 9. 'Evzav&a ijv ogog (leya, ngog- 
Sazov ds' xai inl zovzov ol KoXyoi Tiagazszayfjievoi Jjaav, 
Kaizo fz€v ngmzov ol'^EXXr^veg dvziTtagszdl^avzo xaza (pdXayya mg 
ovzoog a^ovzsg Tzgog zo ogog' inBiza Be sdo^e zoTg azga- 
Ttjyoig ^ovXevaaa&ai avXXayBiaiv oncog dtg xdXXtaza dyoDPtovV' 
zuL 10. EXs^Bv ovv ABvoq^mv ozi doxBi navaavzag zqv (fdXayya 
Xoxovg ogd^iovg Tzoiijaai ' tj fiiv yag cpdXay'^ diaoTzaa&i^dBzat ev&vg 
j5 M'^f' yc^Q dvodov zy ds avodov avg/jao^v to ogog ' xai aix^vg 
zovzo d\}vfiiav Ttoirjaei ozav zBzayfiivoi Big q)dXayya zairrfV 8^ 
67iaafisvtjv og^aiv, 11. *'EnBiza r^v fAtv im noXXovg zezuyfiiroi 
ut^ogdytofiBv^ negizzsvaovaiv r^fi^v ol TtoXBfiwi xat zoig TtBgizroIg 
^^covzai 7i av ^ovXvtvza, ' iav f im bXiytnv ZBzayfiBvoi fco/icr. 



xai ^eXoiv aul av^QoiiKov avfiTisaovraiv' el ds ^rj rovro i<TTai, 
ty oXrj (jfidXajyl xa^iov sat at. 12. ^A)Jd )ioi oonei OQd^iovg rovg 
Xoxovi Ttoirjafifitvovg zc ovtov '^(aqiov itaraffj^eiv biaXmovrag tolg 
Xo^oig oaov e^p tovg ia^dTOvg Xo^ovg yevea&ai toov TioXejiioop 
HeQUTcop ' HOI ovzmg iaofjie&a jrjg ts tmv noXefiimv cpdXayyog e^(o 
oi eaxccTOt Xoyoi, nai oQ^iovg dyovxeg 01 itQatiGioi ijf^mil ^ttqojtoi 
fiQogictGtv, y Tt (Iv evodov 7} TavTYj SHaffzog a^ei 6 Xo^og, 13. Kai 
eig re to diaXetTTov ov Q(idiov earajL '^oTg noXifiioi^ elgeX^eiv sv&ev 
K€U ev&ev Xo'imv Srrcnv, Siaxo^ai td ov qdbiov eatai Xo^ov OQ&iot 
nqogiovia, ^Edv ti rig 7zieXt]tai rmv Xoymv, 6 nXriaiov ^oijd^i^aei • 
ijv Tfi elg fit} dvvijd^'Q 7mp Xofjoiv em to uiiQOV dvu^tjvai, ovde}g fifj- 
KfiVe fjietvi] ro5y noXe^iav. 14. Tavra edo^s, xai inoiovv ogd'iovg 
Tovg Xoyovg. Sevocpmv ds dni&iv em to evoipvfjiov dno tov 8e^iov 
eXeys totg ctqatKo caig ' ''^rdQeg, ovtoi elaiv ovg OQoite fxovoi iti 
ijfup ifiTzodoov to pit] fi^rfelvjiLi'ev&a ndXai iajievdofiep ' tovtovg y^ 
nuag Svvafjie&a nai dtfiovg del xai aq)ayeiv, 

15. 'ETzei d* ev taig j^ooQaig ey.aatoi eyivovto not tovg Xoyovg 
og&iovg inoii^aavtOf eyevovto fiev Xoyoi tojv OTtXttoov dfiqil tovg 
oydor^xovtay 6 de Xoyog ey,aatog ayedov elg tovg sxatov ' tovg ds 
neXroujrag not tovg to^otag tQiyy iTroir^aavto, tovg fiev tov fivoo- 
vvfxov fi^oj, tovg $8 tov de^iovj tovg de xata fieaov, ayedbv i^axoai- 
ovg ixdatovg. 16. 'Ex tovrov naQrjyyiriaav 01 atQaztjyoi evxeod^m ' 
Ev^dfievoi de xai naiaviaavteg inoqevovTO, Kai X&Qiao(pog fitv y.ou 
SevocpKiv xou 01 (5VV avtoTg TteXtaffzai t^g tmv noXefAimv cpdXayyog 
l^<o yevoftevoi enoqevovto • 17. 01 de noXefiioi mg eldov avtovg, 
ivtina^ad^iovteg ol fiev im to de^iov ol de em to evcovvfiov die- 
jTidad'tjaav, xai noXv trig iavzmv q^dXayyog ev t^ fieacp xefov enoi' 
t^trav. 18. 'Idovteg de avzovg dtayd^ovtag ol xaza to 'u4Qxudix(^ 
7reXrci(TTat, (ov ^Qyev Ala^ivrig 6 Axaqvav, vofiiaavteg cpevyeiv at a 
TtQiczog t&eov xai ovtoi TZQmzoi em to OQog dva^aipovai' avvecpei- 
fieto ds avToTg xai to 'Aqxadixov OTiXirixoVy cov r^gye KXedvoog 
^Ooynfieviog. 19. 01 ds /loXefiioi (og i^giavto ^eiv, ovxeti eatriaav^ 
iXXu Cfvyxi dXXog dXXri itqaneto, Ol de^EXXTjvsg ava^dtteg eatga 
T07redevf}*'rn ev no^ah xoifiaig nai tdmti^deia TioXXa ixovaaie 


20. Kai ra nlv aXXa ovdh i^v o t» xai i'&avfMUjav ' ra ds <Tju^fi} 
rzoXXu 7/y avto&i, xai zoay xrjQioav oaoi iqtayov zwy atQatiGum 
niivng acpQOvii re lyiyvovro 'aou i^jAOvv xaJ yidt<o die^oiqei airolg 
Tioii OQ&bg ovdttg ydvvaro ioraad^ai ' aXX ol (lev oXlyov iHr^doxotsg 
cq)odQa iAt&vov<nv ic^^eaav ' ol di noXv fiairofisvoig * ol Si xaJ 
dno&vrjaxovffiv, 21. '^Exeirto ds ovtoo tioXXoI rngTreg rgoTTTJg yeye- 
ftllihvr^gy noXXij l^v U'&vfiia, TJ f vaiegata ani'&avB [isp 
oifdeig^ aficpi de trjv avtriv tzov aoqav avecpQOVOvv' tqittj da xo* 
TBTaQiri anatavro (ogTieg ix cpagfjiaxoTioafag. 

22. ^EvTsv^Ev S f7T0Qev{hjaav dvo atad'fiovg nagaaayyag into, 
xai ^X&ov in\ d^aXartav eig TQanB^ovvta noXiv 'EXXr^vida oIhov 
fiivriv, iv TQ) Ev^eiv(^ IIorTcp ^lytanicov dnoima^ iv rj KoXytaf 
X(OQa, 'Evtavd^a sfieivav TjfjifQag aficpl tag TQiaHovia iv ralg rmf 
KoXxosv Kcofiaig. 23. Kavitvd^ev oQfjioifievoi D.rjt^ofzo zr^v KoX- 
^ida. ^AyoQuv de naQtliov t^ atQazomdcp Tgans^ovvzioif xai 
idi^arro re rovg EXXt^vag xal iena idoaav ^ovg xai aXq)iTa xcu 
ohov. 24b. 2vtdiE7TQdiT0VT0 da xal vneQ jmv TiXtjaiov KoXxtof 
tmv iv r ' ntdic^ fiuXixjia o!7(ovPTOi)v' xal ^evia xai ttuq ixeirenf 
t]Xd'ov ^OEg, 25. Mtzd di tovjo rijv d^vciav ijv ev^avro fzageaxev- 
d^ovro, ^HX'&ov di avzoTg lnuroi ^otg dno&mai tq^ /lu iq) Zta- 
zriQi xou T(j> *Hga'AXei fjysfiofrvva nut roTg aXXoig di '&eoTg d ev^avto, 
'Enoir](rav da xai dyojva yvfivixov iv t4> ogei av^anag iaxi^vovP' 
aiXovio df /IgamvTiov 2^7zagiidrt^v, (^og acpvya naig ati cSy oixo&aVf 
trcuda dxcav xaraxtavd)v ^vi^Xjj Tiatd^agy) dgofiov re irztfieXTj'&rfVai 

xal rov dyoovog ngoararriGai, 

7 26. ^Enaidf] da rj &vaia iyivaro, rd dagfiara Tzagadoaav rf 
jdgaxovrtqf, xai rjyaiad^ai ixaXevov onov rov dgofiov TtanoiTjxoog airj, 
O da dai^ag ovnag aaTi]x6rag iivyxdvoVf Ovrog 6 Xoqiog, tq)rj, xdX- 
Xiarog rgaxaiv onov dv rig ^ovXrjrai. Ilag ovv, ecpaaav, dvvi^aov- 
rai TiaXaiaiv iv axXrjg^ xai daaaX ovrtu ; *0 da alna ' MdXXov ii 
dvtdaerai 6 xaruTiaadv, 27. 'Hyoovi^ovro da naldag jjiav arddio* 
rmv alxfiaXdrcor ol nXaiazoi, doXv/ov da Kgtjreg 7t)Movg § e^rixov- 
ta a&eov ' ndXrjv da xai nvyfirjv xal nayxgdriov aragoi, Kai xa}j\ 
{yia iyivaro ' noXXo) ydg xara^rjaav xai are d^em^avcov rwp ami 
gnv TzoXXij apiXovetxia iyivaro. 28. *'E^aov da xw. irrnoi • xai ida 

LIE 1\. CAP. VIIL iir7 

tiiftovg nara tov nQavov^* ikdoavzag iv tij &akittT(t ccpaatQexpaV' 
tag ndXiv avco TiQog tov (icofibv ayeiv. Kal xdi(o filv oi nolXoi 
ixvXivdovrto ' dvco di TtQog to ia^vQ^g oq&iov fiohg ^ddtiv iizoq^BV* 
ovto oi innou ''Ev&a noXXti Jigavytj xal yiktag ^cu naQCLniUwng 




CAP. I. 

^02 A fih drj iv tJ ava^daei tJ fisza Kvqov inqal^av oi ^EUifj- 
pe\ xai oaa iv ty noQSia rj ^e^^ttf btti •&aXaTtav t^ iv r^ Ei^si- 
yep [lovjq*, xai mg eig TgaTie^ovifta nokiv ^EXXtjPida dcpiHovro, xcu 
cog Jins&vGav a eviavto amir^Qia d^vaBiv iv&a nq^jov eig (piXiav 
yijv acpiaoivto, iv tq) ngoaO^ev X6y(p dedrjXmTai, 2. 'Ex de jovrov 
avvsXd^ovTfg ISovXevovzo ttsqI ttjg Xomrig noQeiag. 'Avsattj di 
TiQooTo^j ^AvziXtcav QovQiog^ aou sXa^av code ' 'Eyoo fiiv roivvv, iqiti^ 
w dvdQBs, aTieiQrjxa 7j8t] (jvaasva^ofjievog xa?. ^a^il^tov xal tqiitov 
xai ta ocrXa cpigtov xaJ Iv rdiet mv xcti cpvXaxag cpvXdzTOiv xal lectio. 
Iievog ' i'jTid^vfim ds ffiq navadfxevog tovrcov rmv novrnpy inet -d^dXarrap 
t^oftsv, nXuv 10 Xomov xa\ ixTu^e)g Sgneg 'Odvaaevg xa'&evdcop 
dquxioi^ai tig rr^v *EXXdda, 3. Tavta axovaavtsg oi fftQaTi^rai 
dve\yoQv^^l<5(tv cog ev Xiyoi ' xai dXXog tavta eXeyE, xai ndvteg oi 
nagovttg. "Entita de Xttglaocpog dveatt] xal eJnev code* 4. 0i- 
Xog fioi ianVy to dv^Qsg, '/4vah'^tog, ruvagx^v 8e xal tvyxdveu 
^Hv ovv m\i\priti fia, o^ofjiat civ iX^tlv xat tQitjQSig Ij^coy xal TtXoia 
ra r^fxag d^ovta. ' Tfieig ^ tmeQ nXtlv ^ovXta&ey TiEQifievets fgi 
av iyo) fl^oo ' ij^to de ta^e'cog, 'Axovaavteg tavta oi atgati^tai 
^a{)^tiadv ts n^l ixpijcpiaavto TzXetv avtov mg td^ixsta, 

5. Meta t<dvtov Sevocpmv dveatij >;aJ iXeiev mde ' XeiQiaocpog 
IJiev d)j em nXoia cteXXetai, rmeXg de dfafjievovfiev, Oaa ^oi ovf 
^oxeT xaiQog ehut noieiv iv z^ jwoyj, tavta egoa* 6. IJQcStov fiev 
ta imtrideia del rtOQi^eadai, ex trig noXefAiag ' ovts yaQ dyoqd «• 
ctiv ixavti ovte otov fkwrjaofieda evnoqia el (lij oXiyoig tiaiv ' rj 8i 
ftopa noXefiia ' xivdwog ovv noXXovg aTtoXXvts^oUy t^v dfuXeig ft 

LIB. V. CAP. I 109 

Koi aq)vXdxt{ag noQSvrjcfd^a im to, inizifieia, 7. *AXXa fjioi doxet 
ahv TiQOvofJiaZg Xaf^^dveiv ia iniziq^fia, akXmg di fit] nXavda^ai, 
tag Gc6^7j(y&€' TjfJiae de rovrmv emfieXeia&ai. 8. "^Edol^e ravra. 
"Eti Toivvv axovaars xal tabs. 'Em Xeiav yaq vfimv ixnoQevaovzai 
riveg Oiiofiai ovv ^sXiiov eJvai ^fiiv eiTieTv top iiiXXovta i^iivaiy 
q;Qd^eiv ds ycal onoi, iva aai to TrXtj^og eldaifjiev tmv H^iovtoav xai 
rwy fiev6vT(ay xal avfXTiaQaaxevd^mfiev idv ti 8srj ' xav ^otj&rjaai 
1U51 xaiQog xi, sldafiev onoi derjoet ^OTjd^eTv xmI idv rig rmp 
dTTeiQOtfQcov iyx^'Q^ '^* tzoieip, avfA^ovXevcofiev netQcifisvoi eldevai 
TTiv dvvafiiv icp ovg av looaiv, "Edo^s xai ravra, 9. 'Evpoeits de 
aai Tode, Icpjy. ^X^^^ ^^'^ noXefiiotg Xrjt^'ai ' xa) 8ixaimg 
^fjuv em^ovXsvovaiv ' sxofisv yaq ta ixeivoov ' vnsgxdd'rjvTai f tj- 
fi^v, fl^vXaxag d^ fioi SoxeT 8eTv ttsqI to arqatonebov thai* 'Eap 
ovv xata fifQog fiSQiad^svTsg cpvXdzrodfiev xal axoTzmfiev, rjttov av 
dvvatvro tj(Jiag ^rjQav ol noXi'fUOu "Ezi toivvv tdde OQare. 10 
El fisv TimatdfjiBO^a aacpag oti rj^si nXoia Xetotaocpog dytav Ixava, 
ovdsv av idsi (ov fitXXta Xiyeiv ' vvv S* STtel tovt adrjXov, doxet fioi 
neiQaa^ai nXoia GVfinaQaaxsvd^eiv xal avTO&sv. ^Hv fiiv ydg iX- 
{fri, VTiaQXOvtmv iv&dds iv dcp&ovcotfQOig nXsvaovfisd'a ' iav 8e fjifj 
dyi], toig ivd^dde /(Jiy^rojUfi^a. 11 'Ogm S' iyoi nXoia noXXdxig 
nctQaTzXsovta ' ei ovv alxriadfisvoi naqa TQane^ovvtioDv fiaxga 
nXoia xatdyoifiev xal cpvXdttoifiev avta ta 7it]8dXia naqaXvoubvoi 
foog av ixava ta alEovta yevrjiaty lamg av ovx aTTOQfjaaiiiev xofiidljg 
oiag dBOfiE^a* "Edo^E xai ravta. 12. 'Evvoi^aats S, iq^rf, el si- 
xog xal tqicpBiv dno xoivov ovg dv xataydyafAev oaov dv XQOvof 
rjfjimp tvsxev fievtaaiy xai vavXov ovvd^ea&ai, OTzmg (oq)eXovvt8g xal 
^cpeXoivrai, "Edo^s xal tavta. 13. Joxsi toivvv fioi, sept], ^p 
dga xai tavta {jjiTv fi)j ixnsqaivijtai mgts dgxHv nXoTa, tag odovg 
ag dvgTTOoovg axovofiev elvai taig nagd d^dXartav oixovfitvaig 
noXaaiv ivtsiXaa&ai odoTioisTv • neiaovTai ydg xal did to (po^eia&ai 
x(ti did to ^ovXea&ai Tjfiav aTzaXXayTJvai. 

14. 'EvTavd^a 8)] dvfxgayov mg ov 8foi oSoinogsTv. '0 81 Ag 
iyvco Tfjv dqiQoavvijv avt^v, inB\priq)iaB fisv ov8€v, tag 86 TtoXeig 
ixovaag bnt«sf:v 68o7TOieTv Xsyoov oti d^dttov dnaXXa^ovtai ^v «v- 
nogoi ysvoivtai at 68oL 15. "EXa^ov 88 xai Tievtrjxoptogop naqd 
t£p TgafiBCovptitoPt xi imati^aap jdS^innop Adxfopa neQioMo^ 



wj^ottOf xat HUTttXafi^dvovGi ro OQog ' oi S aXXoi aotov avtnavov 
to. 01 di TtoXffiioi mg ^o{^ovTO i^oiitvov to oQOSy iyq^yoQeaav xai 
txuiov 7TVQU noXXa diuwTitog. 23. 'Enudtj de 7]fji8()a iyiveto Xm- 
Qicoqag i^H- (yvadfAtvoi; J^ye xara 7//I' odov, oi di to ogog xarccXa- 
tiivjhg y.uia ra U'aqu indtaav, 

24. Tm' ^ uv 7io).tfjiiCLiv to fih noXv sfxeyey im rj vneQ^oX\i 
fov oyovi;, i^i^Qog d^ (Avtcjv dn/^vra roig xaia ta axga, TIqiv di 
bfiov Hvai tovg noXXovg uXki]Xoig avfifuyyvovrnv ol xatd rd ohqu^ 
}ia\ vfAOJoiv oi EXhiveg xui dtaxovaiv. 25. ^Ev rovjtp di xal oi ix 

TOV TTtdioV ol flbV TttXtaGTlU lOJV 'EXX/fPOiV dQOfKp B&tOV TtQOQ JOXQ 

naQaztiuyiikvovgy XuQiaocpog 8i ^ddqv tayy iq^dnexo avv rovg 
onXizaig. 2^, Oi ds noXsfiioi ol im ry 6d^ ineidij to avca icigmf .^. 
^it(6fAtvoVy (fiBvyovai ' xai dneOavov fiiv oi aoXXol avtmv, y^QQ§^ 
5« ndfjiTioXXa iXr^qj^tj' d oi "EXXriveg toug fjiaxaigaig xontovteg 
dxQtia inoiovv* 27. 'S^g 5* dvs^t^aaVf •^vaavteg xai tqonaiof 
jzr^adfievoi xatf^tjffav eigto nediov, xai eig xoifji{tg nolXap xai 
iya&^v yefjiovaocg ^X&ov, 



1. 'Ex di tovtmv inoQev&tjaav slg Tao^ovg atw&fiovg nivxi 
nagaadyyag zQidxovja' xai id inmjdsia iniXine' jfou^/a yuQ 
^xovv layvQu oi Tdoxoh iv oig xai td imti^deta ndvra tl/op 
dvaxtxofiiafitvot. 2. 'Enst, di dcpixovto slg x^iQtor noXiv fiip oia 
clyev ovf^ oixiag, avyeXtjXv&OTeg f ^oav avroGE xa) ufd(j8g xia 
yvrai'xeg xai xt/iptj noXXd, Xetgiaoqiog fiiv TZQog tolto TZQogt^uX- 
Xsv tif{^vg yxoiv ' ineidij di ^ ngcitti td^ig drnxa/jtrtv, dXXr^ 7T()ny:',H 
xa] av&ig aXXtj ' oi ydq jjv d&qooig negiffti'ivatf dXXd nozanog l^$ 
xvxXc^, 3. 'Eneidtj di Sevocpmv i^XS^s avv roTg omado^fvXa'^i xu\ 
n^Xtaatatg xa] onXizaig, ivzav&a dij Xiyei XeiQi6oq)og ' Eig xuXot 
Jjxere ' to ydg y^tuQiov aiQSieov tJ ydq atqatia ovx tisti td frrh 
Tr^dtia^ d firi Xrjxpofisd^a to xaogiov. 

4. 'Evzav&a drj xotv^ f^ovXevovto' xai tov SevocpdjfTog 
iQvttmvtog ti to xcoXvov eitj slgeXd^eiy, elnev 6 Xeiqi<Joq)og ' 'Alia 
uia avty noQodog iarw r^v ogag' irav di t$g tavfQ ftBiQara: 


uoQiivaij rivXiv^ovt'i "ki^ovg vneQ yiv^rig rrjg vTtsgexovatjg mtgag' 
og 5* av y.araXtjcp&'Q, ovtoj 8iaz'(jStiidi. "^fjia S" sSstl^e avvtBtQifA- 
nsvovg >iy{^Q(67iovg ytai axeXi] xaJ TTXsvgdg. 5. '^Hv de rovg Xi&ovg 
dvaX^fi^aiVy iq^j] 6 SBvoq)oSv, aXko ri ^ oidsv xcoXv^l naqUvai ; o% 
yuQ it] ex rov Ivavtlov ogmfjisv el (Jitj oXiyovg rovrovg dv&QoiTZOvg' 
xai rovTODv bio § tQBig toirXiafji/irovg. 6. To di yjcoQiov, (og xai ax 
bqag, axsdov jQia tjfJiifiXs&Qoi sattv o dsi ^alXonivovg dieX&eiv* 
TovTOv ds 060V nXi&Qov daav mtvai dtaXeiTtovaaig iieydXatg, avff 
^v iaTr^Koreg avdQsg ri dv ndaj^ottv -^ vtzo r6»v cpeqofitvmv Xid^mv tj 
j^i^f* tKiv xvXiv8ovfikV(»v ; to Xomov ow i^drj yiyverai mg rjfiiTzXe^ 
^QOVyO dei otav X(oq)i^(j(o<jiv oiXlx^ot TtotQadQUfJielv. 7. *AXX evO^vg, 
iqjrj 6 XeiQiaocpogy ineiddv dg^oifis&a elg ro da<jv Ttgogitvai, qitQOP^ 
lai oi Xi&oi no^XoL Avxo dv, ecprj, to dsov eifj ' •ddrtov ydq 
dvaXdaovai rovg Xi&ovg» ^AXXd nogevoifis&a iv&ev ^fuv iiixQOv 
T« TraQudoafisTv iarni //y 8vv(i(iB&ayXai dneX^eiv gddiov i^v^ovXoi* 

8. 'Evzev^ev inoQBvovro Xsiglaocpog xal Sevocpcov xal KaXXi- 
(4a)^og Ilaogdaiog ^o/ayo^' (^tovzov ydq ?/ tjyefiovia r^vrmv omad^O' 
cpvXdxoDV Xo^CLyo^v ixeivn rj rjf^iQct ') ol de dXXoi Xoxo^yoi If^ievov iv rqj 
dacpnXei, Metd rovro ovv aTzJjX&ov vtio rd devSga dv&QcuTioi (hg 
e^dofir^xovta, ovx d&gooi dXXd xad^ tva, txaarog qivXatrofievog 
tog idvvato. 9. ^Ayaaiag de 6 ^jvfiqidXiog xai '^QiaToivvfiog Me- 
'&vdQievg xai ovtoi t^v oma&ocpvXdxtov XoyoLyol ovteg^ xai dXXoi de, 
iq)totaaav e^oi rwy devdQcov ' ov ydg i]v dacpaXeg iv roTg devSgoig 
iatdvai nXeiov tj tov tva Xo^ov* 10. '*Ev^a dr^ xai KaXXifiaxog " 
utjxavdtai ri ' nQoirqexev dno tov divdqov vcp 9 r^v aviog dvo ij 
TQia ^i^fiata ' iTiti de oi Xi^oi cptgoivro, dvsxd^ero evner^g * icp 
i-jtdatTjg de TrQodgoiJiijg nXiov t] dixa dfjia^ai tibtq^v dvtjXiaxovto^ 
1 1. '0 de 'Ayaaiag tog oga tov KaXXiiia^ov d moiei, xcu to atgd- 
ttviia nd ^eoifiBvov, duaag fit] ov ng^tog nagadgdfioi elg to 
yogiovy ovte tor 'Agiatoivvfiov nXtjaiov ovta nagaxaXicag ovte 
ElgiXoyov tov Aovaiia itatgovg ovtag ovt dXXov ovdiva ;^0Dg£r 
avTogy xai Tzageg^Btai ndvtag, l5. 'O de KaXXifJiaxog <ag edga 
avtov nagiovta, iTziXafi^dveiai avtov ttjg itvqg' iv de tovrc^ 
fsags&ei ahtovg 'Agiatoivvfiog Me&vdgisvgy xai fietd tovtov Evgv- 
Xi^og jiovisuig ' ndvteg ydg ovtoi drren^iovvto dgetiiq xai (^ii\ 



yttivi^ovTO fTQOS aXl^iXovs ' yai ovtoag fQi^ovreg aiqovai to ;|^o^/of 

S^g yicQ anal^ tl^tdgafiov, ovdi^y ntJQog avmihv r^^fj^^^. 13 

*EvTav&a 5// deivov 7^v d^tufxa ' ui yuQ ywuineg Qimovaai tu ttoi- 

dia tija xai iavzug im'AajfQQiniovv ' x«J oi avdqeg dogavrooc. 

"Ev&a dtj aal uiiviag 2iTVfJicpdhog Xo^ayog Ibtov riva &iovta dg 

QixpovTU iavTov aToVtjv i'^ovza xa^z/y STidafM^dvEtai a>g 

HoaXvaoDv, 14. ' 5' avtov hnicnarai, xat afAq^oiegoi (i)xorro aa- 

ta tav TitzQOJp q)e()6fi£voi xaJ ant&avot'. ^Evttvi^tv dv^Qtonoi fiif 

flaw oXlyoi iX/iq^r^aav, ^6tg ds xal ovot tioXXoi xai nqo^ara' 

15. 'Evzevx^ev moQsv{yriaavdiaXakv^€ov ataOfjiovg enza noLQa- 

aayyag fztvT/(XOVTa, Ovtoi J^aav oov du^X-O^ov dX}iifi(6tatoi, xal 

€ig ;fir|oatf ytouv. tliov df do^Qaaag Xtjiovg (i^XQ^ '^^^ fjTQov, dvtl 

^ ds Twr TiteQvyoDv anaQta nvxra iarggififjitra. 16. Et^ov de xai 

Ttvr^f^dag xai Tiqdvri xal naqu. ri^v fw»7/y fxaxaigiov 06ov ^vi]).tif, x<i 

JlaxcDviTiijy, cp t6q:aT7ov (ov 'AQazeiv dvranro * xai dno^^fjivorfeg 

av zdg xexpalug tx^vreg stioqsvovto ' aai r^dov Tioi ixoQevov onote 

ol TXoXsfxioi avtovj; oxpead^ai efitXXov elxov ds aai dogv (hg Trevte- 

naidsxa nrlxkv fiiav Xoyx^v ^X^v, Ovtoi tvifievov h roig^noXiaud- 

civ 17. fTtEi be nuQhX&ouv ol '^EXXrjreg, slnovio dt). fiuxofitvoi' 

&'AOvv ds iv roTg oxvQoTg ' xa} td JmTrjdata iv tovzoig dvaxEKOfJU- 

tsiiivoi t^Gav ' mgre iiifitv Xafji^dfeiv avrod^ev rovg "EXXrivag, dXlM 

biexQacfriaav roig xTtjvtoiv a in zwy Tu6x(ov tXa^ov, 18. '£x tov- 

rov ol ''EXXmsg dq^Uovzo im tov ^^qnaaor notafiov, tvQog reird 

gmv nXtdQmf.' Evttv{^tv moQev^tjaav did 2^xvdiv^v ata&fiovg 

rsTiaqag naqaadyyag axoai did ntdiov tig xtaftag ' iv alg ifuivaf 

ijfjiSQag TQeig xal meaitiaavro, 

19. ^EvzBvd^ev ds i^Xdov aza{^[iOvg zhtagag nagaadyyag sixoai 

ngog noXiv fisydXi^v xa) eidaifiova aui oixovfjitvrjv ' rj ixaXatjo Fv' 

uviag. 'Eh zavz'qg 6 TTjg x^Q^^ aQx^ov JoTg '^EXXr^aiP r^ysfiova fif ft- 

nsi^ ofioog did tr^g savToJv noXtfiiag /a)^«c dyoi avtovg. 20. '£?.- 

^(Of If svLtivog Xsyei on d^ei avzovg mvzs fj/jiegmy slg x^Q^ov o&st 

oxpovzai {faXarzav ' si ds fxtj, zs{^vdvxi snr^yysXXero, Kai r^yov- 

lisvog STittd)! hs^aXtv elg rtjv savroTg noXsfJilav, TragsxeXevszo ttl- 

dtiv x«) q,&t{()eiv t\v x^Q^'^ ' ^ ^'^^ dliXov iytvszo oti rovjov 

"••fixa fXd^oi, ov zljg rwv ^EXXr^viov svvoiag, 21. Kai dqiixvovvrai 

iai r} i(fog rj nifim'q Vl^BQijt' ovo^a di tq^ oqu ^ 6^ff* 

LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 103 

'ETTBid/j 6s oi TiQ^zoi iyivovio im zov OQOvg nai Hazeldov jtjp lOa- 
XazTUP, TiQuvyr^ TzoXXi] iyivEJO, 22. ^A-Aovaag ds 6 Styocp^v not ol 
67TiaOo(fv}.a}isg, qn'id-tjoav sfinQoa&ev uD.ovg ifiitiO^eadai fzoXs* 
fiiovg ' Eiaovto yaq 'aoi oma&tv ol in 7ijg Haiofievt^g x^Q^^ ' ^^ 
avzmv 01 oniad^ amxTEtvdv ri tivag xai H^ciyq^aav ivi^Qav 
noirjadfievoi * xal yeQQa fla§ov daaemv ^oo5y cofio^oeia uficpi ta 
eiaoatv. T 

23. ^Eneidq 8e ^otj tzXeiohv te iyiyvBto xaJ iyyvregov ycal ol aet 
iTTiavzeg l&eov d^ofjicp im tovg aei ^omvtag xai tzoXX^ fxei^oov iyi- 
yvsto rj ^oq oacp drj nXdovg iyiyvovro, idoxei drj fiei^ov zi ehai tq> 
Aevoq)mytL 24. Kal ava^ag i(p mnov xa] Avajov xal zovg 
iTiTtiag avaXa^G}v Tzags^o/j&ei • xal Ta^a drj axovovai ^ooavroDv tc^. 
atQazKozmv Qakazza d^dlazza xal TzaQsyyvrnvzcov, ^Evd^a dtj 
i&eov anavzeg xai ol oniad'ocpiXaxEgy xal za vno^vyia TjXavvszo 
xal oi LTiftoi, 25. 'Enel ds acpixovzo navzeg im zo axqov, ivzav- 
^a dt] TTeQii^uD.ov aXXtjXovg xal ozQaiTjyovg xal Xo^ayovg daxgv' 
ovzeg, Kal i^amvrjg ozov dtj TzaQeyyvi^oavzog ol azQazio^zoi 
q>SQ0V6i Xii^ovg xal noiovai xoXoavov fiiyav, 26. ^Evzav&a avert- 
'&taav dsQ^aroDv nXr^d'og cofJio^oEimv xal §axztjQiag xal za 
aiXf^dXoDza yiooa, xai 6 ^yefxmv avzog zs xazize/xve za ysQQa xal 
toig dXXoig diexaXevezo. 27. Meza zavza zov {jyEfiova oi ^EXXrjveg 
aTZOJzifiTZOvai, dmQa dovzsg cltio xoivov innov xal cpiaXTjv aQyvQav 
x(ti ciievriv IlEQarArjr xal dageixovg dixa' ^zsi ds iidXiaza zovg 
daxzvXiovg, xal iXa^e jtoXXovg naqa z^v azqaziioz^v, KiOfiTjv da 
deiiag avzoTg ov axtjvj^aovoi xal ^jfijv 68ov rjv noQEvaovzat elg Ma- 
HQOsvag^ BTzel iffnega iysvszo, f^XBzo zrjg vvxzog dmoiv. 


1. 'EvTEv&ev d' inoQBV&ricav oi "EXXijvsg dia Maxgcivcov aza^ 
^f^ovg ZQug naqaadyyag dixa. Tiji nQoizu de rjfisQa acpixovzo im 
TOP TTOzafibv og ojqi^e zrjv rav MaxQavcav x^Qav xai zrjv ToSf 
2^xv0tpQ)v. 2. luyov ^ vTiEodi^wv ^oDQiov olov xaXE7i(6zazop 
xal is dpiazEQag dXXov Tzozafjtov Eig ov ivi^aXXsv 6 ogi^cov di oi 
Ida dmfiipfau ^Hv di ovzog daavg divd^eci na^iffi (Up ov^ iW" 


KVoTg Hi. Tavta inti TiQogijK^ov ol '^EkXijveg txoTzrop, anevSovTff 
ix tov x^Q^ov (hg (diiaja i^aX&tTv. 3. 0/ ds Md'AQtateg exorrsg yeoQa 
xal Xoyxf^ii ^ou tQiiivovg •j^iTrnvag xaravriTiiQag it^g dia^aGeoog naQa* 
rsTayfiifoi 7^aav xal aXXrjXotg dieneXevof^o yal Xi^ovg etg tov noror 
uov ioQiTtJOvv ' i^Mvovfro di ov ov^ fp,a7itov ovdiv. 
4^ 4. "Ev&a di] TTQogtQXsrai rfp Sevocpmvzi Tcoy neXraaroop ug 
arrjn '^O/jvtjgi qjdaxoDV HsdovXevxevai, Xiyoav on yiyydaxoi ?^f 
(po}v\v roov av&QoiTZfav, Kai olfiait tcprj, ifjirjv tavzr^v najQida 
iJvai' x«J, £1 fii] Ti xfoXvEi iS^sXcD aizoTg ^i«A£;fi>5»'«'' 5. l^XX 
ovdiv xG)Xvei, kept] ' ^XXa diaXeyov xal fxa&a nq^tov avx^v tivfg 
elffiv. Ol 5* tiTiop tQan/jaavTog on MiKQcuvsg. ^Egoiza roivvvi 
eqiTjj uvtovg ti dvzizetdxazai, xal x^i/fqWty '^(uv noXifiioi slvar 
6. Ol S' dnaxQivavzo' ^'On xou vfieTg im tijv ruABtiqavif^qav eqxs- 
c&e, Akyeiv ixsXevov oi 6ZQazrjyo\ on ov xaamg ye ^lonqaovzag, 
aXXa ^aaiXel noXefn^aavreg UTzeQXOfie^a elg tijv 'EXXdSa, aai em 
d^dXattav ^ovXofiS&a dq)ixs6d^ai. 7. 'Hgoittov ixeivoi el dolev ar 
zovroDV ta Titard, Ol ^ ecpaaar koi dovvcu xai Xa^eTp e&iXsif. 
*Evzev&ev diboaatv ol MdxQoapeg ^aQ^agix/jv Xoyji]v roTg ^^EXXrjaiff 
ol de^EXXriveg tueiioig 'EXXijpixr^v tavta yaq eq/oaav nuna elvai* 
&eovg ^ BTiefiaQtvQavzo ificpoteQOL 

8. Meza ds ta niaza ev&vg ol MdxQoaveg za dirdga avre^ex^h 
nrov Ttjv ze odov ddoTzoiovv cog dia^t^daovzeg iv fxiaotg avafUiU' 
yfiivoi toig EXXijaiv ' xal dyoqav oiav idvvavzo TzaqeTxop ' xou 
dirjyayov iv zqig^p ijfisQaig ioog im ta KoXxcov OQia 
xaiioztjaav rohg "EXXijpag. 9. 'Eptavd^a liv ogog f^sya, ngog- 
Sarov da' xal im zovtov ol KoXyoi naqazezayiiipoi qaap, 
Kaizofjtep ngojzop ol^^EXXr^veg dpzinaQBzdl^ayzo xaza q)dXayya mg 
ovzcog d^ovzsg nqog zo OQog' eneiza ds sdo^e zoTg azqa- 
Tijyoig ^ovXemaa&ai ovXXeyeiaip oncog dg xdXXtoza dympiovP' 
zai, 10. '^EXe^BP ovp Sevocprnv ozi doxeT navaavzag ztjp (pdXayya 
Xoxovg ogd^iovg noiriaai ' ij fiiv yaq qidXayl^ dicLanaa^'qaezai evdig 
t5 Z^*' 7^Q oivodop zy 8e evodop evQi^aofisp to oQog * xai. avOvg 
zovzo d&vfjiiap Tfot^aet ozav zazayiitpoi aig cpdXayya zavzr^p 5i« 
cnaaixapTjp ogmaiv, 11. *'Enaiza riv im noXXovg zezayiAavoi 
9^ogdy(afJiep, naQizzsvaovaip rui&if ol TioXafnoi xOi zoTg naQitzolg 
X^covtfu o 7i ap fiovXmpza. ' iap f im oXlytop zezayfievot Toofifir. 



9vdiv av Bill '&avf4aazop el diaxomirj ^fimv rj q)dXay^ vno a^qowr 
Koi ^eXmv xul avd^QoincDv avfiTieoovTODV ei ds ^rj tovto iaraiy 
rr^oXri cf.dXajjl 'Aayiov sazai. 12. ^Alld lioi doyiel OQ&iovg rovg 
Xo^ovs nottjaafxtvovg re ovtov j^mgiov Y.aTa(5)iuv diaXiTtovTug rolg 
Xo^oig oaov i^ tovg iaxdrovg Xo^ovg yevsa&ai tmv TioXejjiloip 
TiEQdtdiv ' Hu\ o'vtcog SGoiAB&a irig re roSv noXefumv cpdXayyog €^(o 
ol eaxccTot Xo/oty kui oQ&iovg dyovreg oi nQdziaroi inxmiii 'nQtoroi 
fiQogiaatv, ij re av avodov y ravrrj exaazog d^ei 6 Xo^og, 13. Kai 
€ig ze TO diaXeiTTov ov Qndiov sazai 7;otg noXkjiloi^ slgeXd^eiv sv&ev 
it€u iv&ev Xoyi^oiv ovziav, dia}i6t[}ai zs ov qddiov sozat Xo^ov oq^wp 
nqogiovza. ^Edv zi zig mel^r]zai zoov Xoyoav, 6 nXfjaiov ^oi]{^i^aet ' 
^r Tfi elg ni] dwrjO^y rear Xoj^cov im rb u^qop dvu^tjvai, ovde]g in^- 
wzi (iBivri rojy TioXefucov. 14. Tavza ido^e, xal enoiovv og^iovg 
zovg Xoxovg- Sfvocpoav ds dmmv ini zb evoipvfiov dnb zov de^iov 
eXtya zoig azQazioiraig '/^^rdQeg, ovzoi elaiv ovg ogdze fiovoi Izi 
Tifuv ifjLTTodav zb iirj fi^rfelvai svx^a ndXai icjTiEvdofiep • rovzovg r^ 
mag dvvoified'a aai (aftovg del xazacpayHv, 

15. ^Enti 5' iv zaig idqaig exaazoi tytvovzo xai zovg Xo^ovg 
ofi&iovg inoiriaavzOy iyivovzo fuv Xoyoi zoov ottXiz^v dfjiqii zovg 
oydor-HOvza^ 6 ds Xo/og exaazog aysdov etg zovg exazov ' zovg ds 
neXraazag xal zovg zo^ozag zgiyy inoir^aavzo, zovg fASv zov svtO' 
vvfiov fi^fi), zovg ds zov de^iov, zovg ds xaza fiiaov, aysdov s^ay,oai' 
Dvg iadazovg, 16. 'Ex zovzov TiaQfjyyvrjaav ot azQazrjyoi sv^sc^ai ' 
evl^dfisvoi ds xou naiaviaavzsg inoQsvovzo, Kou X&Qiooqjog fisv 
Ssvocp^v xai o! 6vv avzoTg nsXzaazai ztjg zoiv noXefxioov q^dXayyog 
t^fo ysvofisvoi inoQSvovto • 17. ol ds 7ioXs/4ioi mg eldov avzovg^ 
ivzina^a&iovzsg ol fisv im zb ds^ibv ol ds im zb svcovvfiov dtS' 
j7id<jd't]6av, xal noXv ztjg savzmv (pdXayyog iv z^ (xsocp xevbv inoi" 
fiaav. 18. ^Idovzsg ds avtovg diayd^ovzag ol xaza zb *^Qxadfx(^ 
TtflTctiTTai, OOP tiQysp Alayivrig 6 AxaQvav, vofiiaavzeg cpevysip at a 
uQiizog l&sov' xni ovzoi ttq^zoi im zb OQog dva^aipovai' avpscpel* 
TTBzo ds avzoTg xal zb '^Qxadixbv OTzXiztxoPf oov riQys KXedvoog o 
^Ooyn/isvtog. 19. 01 ds /ioXsfiioi mg ijQiavzo &sip,ovxszi sffzijoap, 
'<P-X« qvy^ aXXog dXXri izgdnszo, 01 dVEXXriPsg dva^dvreg iazga, 
roTTsdevo^'zo ip nolXdi^ xoiftaig xal zdmz^daia noXXa ixovaaic 


20. Kal 7 a uh' aXXa ov6ep 7^v o it xai id'avfMUjap * ra de afn^ffi 
noXXa ?]y avtod^i, aai zmv xijqiodv oaoi lopayov rooy frr^arioorcof 
nut Jig ucpQOvtg re iyiyvovro 'auI ijfiovv xal xdrto diexo^Q^i avroig 
icai OQ^yhg ovdtig ifiivaro tcraa&at ' iXX ol fisv hXlyov iHr^doxoisg 
ccpodQu fif&vovcnv icpHsaav ' ol 6i noXv f4aifo[iivoig ' oi de not 
dno&vrjaxav(Jif, 21. "Exeivto di ovroa noXXol agTzeg tQOTiTJg yeys- 
ftiiiivr^g^ Y,cu noXXij J^v ad'Vfiia, TJ ^ vazBQaia ant'&aye fisp 
oifdeig^ ifjicpi de rt]v avzr^v nov oogav avBtfqovovv* tqittj ds nou 
reTaQty aviaravto Sgneg ix q)aQfiaxo7TO(jiag, 

22. 'Eyrsvdsv S fTroQev&rjaav dvo ata&fiovg na^jaaayyag into, 
xal riX&ov im ^dXarrav eig TgaTie^ovvta noXiv 'EXXr^vida oixov 
fuvriv, iv 7^ Ei^eivcp IIofTcp 2!ivconici>v dnoixla^ iv ry KoXxonf 
jraJ^a. 'Evravd^a efjisivav fifxtQag aftcpl rag rqiaxovra iv ralg rmf 
K6Xx(ov xoifiatg. 23. Kavitv&ev oQfifOftsvoi i).r]t^ovTO rtjv KoX- 
li8a. ^Ayoqav 8e Tzageixov r^ arQazontdc^ Tqaml^oivrioi, xai 
ide^avro ra rovg ''EXXtjrag xal iefia edoaav ^ovg xal aXcpira xcu 
oTvov. 24. IvvHiBTTQarrovro ds xal vttsq rav TzXtjaiov K6Xx(0f 
Twy iv r y Tiidiqi naXiaia oixoivroov * xai i^ivia xal Tzaq ixsirenf 
^X&ov ^Gtg, 25. Mera ds rovro rrjv '&voiav r^v ev^avro fzagsaxsv- 
d^ovro. ^HXd-ov di avrbig IxuvqI ^otg anod^vaai rm /Ju r^ Sta- 
rtJQi xal tq5 'IlQaxXei rjyefiofTvva xal roTg aXXoig ds 'O'eoTg a ev^avto. 
'Ejioitjaav da xal dy^va yvfivixov iv tq") oqbi Bv^aneg iaxi^vovP' 
ulXovTo df /Igaxovriov ^^naqridiTiv, {og ecpvye naig in mv oiixo^eVf 
ftaida dxmv xa7axrava)v ^vp.jj mird^ag^) dgofiov re irzifieXij'&r^vat 
xal rov dy^vog Tigoararijaau 
7 26. ^EnBidri de rj &v6ia iyivero, 7 a deQfjia7a Ttaqidoaav r^ 
/^gaxovricp, xal rjyeiad^ai ixsXevov onov rov dqofiov nenotijxoig ettj. 
de dsi^ag ovneg eazrixoreg irvy^avoVf Ovrog 6 X6q)og, eqitj, xdX- 
XiGtog rgexstv onov av rig ^ovXrjrai. U^g ovr, ecpaaav, dwi^aof- 
rat TzaXaisiv iv axXrjg^ xai daael ovrtia ; *0 de eJne ' MdXXov ti 
avtdaerai 6 xaraneacov, 27. 'Hymvt^qvrq de naldeg fiev arddi09 
rwv alxf^aXoirmr oi nXeiaroif doXixpv de KgTjreg nXeiovg § e^iixov- 
ta e&eov TidXf^vde xal Ttvyfirjv xal nayxQariov eregoi. Kai xaXii 
^ia iyivero ' noXXol yccQ xari^rjaav xal are d^ecofiivoov rap erai 
Qnv TioXXij <s>iXov8Mia iyivero, 28. *'E^eov de xa: itttioi ' xcu idu 

Lit 1\. CAP. VIIL iU? 

0vrovg xara rov TiQavovg iXdaavrag iv t^ ^akirfq avaajqixpav' 
tag nakiv dvoD Tigog tov (icufibv uyaiv, Kai kuzo) filv ol noXXol 
ixvhkdovvto ' avoi de Tzgog ro ia)^VQag OQ&tov iiohg ^abtiv iTTO^eV" 
ovjo oi iTiTzoi. "Ev&u TioXlr^ Ttgavyrj xul ytXfog kou noQaaiUvcig 




CAP. I. 
^02 A fih drj iv rj ava^daei rj fjiera Kvqov eTZQa^av ol *£!Ui^ 

yep Uovtcp, xai cos f 'V r()a;r6fovi'Ta nohv 'EXXt]nda aq)ixov7o, xoi 
«ff Aned^vffav a tviavTo acoTr^Qia {yiativ ev&a tiqojtov €ig cpiXiav 
yriv aqjixotvro, iv T(p nqoad^tv Xoyq^ didi^Xmtat. 2. 'JEx ds rovrov 
cvreX{)^6pT€g iSovXevorto TieQl rljg Xomijs Tiogsiag. ^AvsaTtj ds 
7ZQWT0.J ^AvnXtmv QovQiog^ aoI sXel^ev mde ' 'Eyo) {liv roivvv, squj^ 
m urdQeg, anefQt^xa ffiri (jvaaeva^ofjLevog xaJ. ^adi^tav xai tQexcuf 
xai za onXa q)t()(av xal iv rd^ei io)v xaJ q^vXa^ag q^vXattaav xaJ fta^^- 
libvog ' f ^u9^t'jM(o bi fidt] TTuvadfjiEvog rovtmv tmv novnovy inei ^dXatrap 
ij^ofisv, nXtlv TO XoiTzov xaJ ixTa&eig (ognsQ ^Odvoaevg xa'&evdwf 
«g)tx£(y^fc« tig tr]v *E).Xdda, 3. Tavra daovaavTsg ol atQajiatai 
dvs\>OQv^>;aap cog €v Xtyoi ' xoi dXXog ravTU eXeys, xai ndvteg oi 
Tiagovreg. ^Entna df Xtigiaocpog dveorrj xal dnev tods. 4. fpi- 
Xog fioi itsuv, co uvSQegy '/4vaii^iog, ruvagxo^v de xal ivfldvu* 
^Hv ovv m{i\priti /ne, oiofiai av lX{^Hv xai TQiiJQeig ixcav xal TiXola 
7 a r]fiag d^ovta. ' T/xeig ^ tiineQ nXelv ^ovXta&By neQifuvete egz* 
av iyoi DMou * //Jw de ra^soDg, 'Axovaavreg tavra ol atQarmrai 
^a'&tiadv re una i\prjq)iffavto nXnv avrov cog tdjiCTa, 

5. Mfra z^vtov Sevocpojv dviarij y:al eXe^sv mde * X£iQtoo(^og 
niv dtj im fiXoia ctsXXerai, rjiAeig ds dvafjisvovfiev. Oaa fxoi ovv 
IfoxsT xaiQog ahui noitlv iv t^ f^ovy, tavra igm. 6. Uq^tov fuv 
za inirrfieia del froQiXeoOai ix rTjg TToXsfjilag ' ovrs yaQ dyogd «• 
criv Ixavtj ovre orov wvr^aofjieda evTiOQia si fii] oXlyoig riaiv ' ^ di 
ffoga ftoXsfiia ' xivdwog ovv noXXovQ aTtoXXvct^w,^ ipf afisXmg ft 

LIB. V, CAP. I 109 

KOI aqivXaxrcag noQSvrjffd^a im ra imtrfisia, 7. ^AlXa fioi doxet 
cvp nqovofiaig XafA^dveiv ia inizrfifia, 5Xk(og ^i /juj TiXavaa&at, 
tog aco^TjaO^s* tjfiag di zovrmv ifitfJisXsT6&at. 8. '^Edo^e ravra. 
'^Eri roivvv axomars xal zdbe, 'Enl Xeiav yaq vfxciv i}i7iOQev<sovzai 
7iv£g Otofiai olv ^iX'ziov eJvai fifuv dneiv tov fieXXovra i^isvat, 
cpgd^eiv ds aal onoi, ha xaJ to nXri&og eidmiJisv rmv i^iovroov xai 
rmv fievovimv aai cvfiTiaQaaxevd^taiJiev idv ri dsi] ' aav ^ori&TJaai 
'tiai aaiQog y, eld^ixev onoi derj<Tei ^otj&eTv* xai idv rig rap 

a7l€lQOt8Q(OV «Y/*'^5 "^^ TIOIEIV, aVfl^OvXevmfJLBV TZeiQmflBVOl Eidtvai 

rrjv dvva/jiiv iq) ovg av loooiv. "Edo^s xal ravra. 9. 'Ewoelrs de 

xai rode, ?()p^. ^XoXtj roig noXefiloig Xt^t^aad'ai ' not dixaioog 

rifuv ini^ovXevovaiv ' exofiev yaq ra ixelvmv ' vTzsQxd&rjvTai If ^- 

fjioiv, 0vXaxag drj fioi doxsl deiv negl to ctQaroneHov thai. 'Eap 

ovv xara fxsQog (xsQia&svng cpvXdrrcopLEv xou cxoTrmfxsv, rirrov av 

dmairro rjfiag d-TjQav ol noXt^iou "En roivvv rdSe OQcirs, 10 

El fiev Tjmardfjie'O^a aacpmg on lyjse TzXoTa Xeiniaoqiog dycav ixava, 

ovSsv av Idsi (ov fJiiXXca Xsysiv ' vvv 5' btzei rovr ddrjXoVj doxei (xot 

neiQoiad^ai nXoTa avfJinaQaaxEvd^Eiv xai avzo&Ev. ^Hv iilv yag sX- 

4^X1, inaQiovrmv sv&ddE iv dcfd^ovaotfQoig nXEvaovfiE&a ' iav Se fitj 

ayH, roig iv&dde ^QriaofXEd^a, 11 'O^oa S lym nXoia noXXdxig 

naQanXiovra ' ei ovv aiirjadfJiEvoi Tiaga TganE^ovprioav fjiaxga 

TzXoTu xardyoifiEv xal q)vXdrroifiEv avra ra nrjddXia nagaXvoiiEvoi 

foog av Ixava ra diovra ytvrizai, looag av ovx aizogtiaaifAEv xofxidljg 

oiag ^EoiiE&a* "Edois xai ravra. 12. 'Ewoi^aars i*, liqpjy, ei ei- 

xog xa) rgecpEiv dno xoivov ovg av xaraydymfiEV oaov av XQOvov 

f^fjimv (VEXEv fjievmai, xat vavXov ovvd^sod^ai, oTKag (aqjEXovvreg xai 

^(pEXoivrai, "Edo^E xat ravra. 13. Aoxei roivvv fjioi, ecpt], f^p 

dga xai ravra rifuv fit] ixnEgaivrjrai iSgrs agxeTv nXoTa, rag odovg 

ag 8vgn6oovg dxovofiEv Elvai raig naga {^dXarrav oixovfiEvaig 

noXEaiv EvrEiXaa&ai odonoieTv • nEiaovzai yag xa\ dia ro cpo^Eia&ai 

xai dia ro ^ovXEad'ai ^fimv dnaXXaytjvai. 

14. ^Evzav&a dtj dvtxgayov cog ov dhoi odoiTtogEiv. 'O ds <og 

Eyvm rtjv dcpQoavvijv avrcov, InExpriqjiaE fiev ovdev, rag Ss noXsig 

ixovaag tnEKSEv odonoisTv Xiytov on d^arrov dnaXXal^ovrai rjv ev- 

nogot yivoavrai al odoi. 15. '^EXa^ov ds xai Ttsvrrjxovrogov naga 

rmv TganECowrinvt Xi iniarriaav jde'^mnov Adxmva negiotnop 



OvTog afi£}.i^aag tov ^vXXiyeiv nXoXa aTiodgag {^x^ro IJto m 
Uovjov, e^tav tijv vavv, Oii:og fiiv oiv dixaia madEv voregov* 
iv 0Q(i^Q yvLQ TTUQU JSev&yi TioXvnQayfiovoiv ti ani&avBv vno Nt- 
advdQOv tov Ammvog, 16. ^'Eka^ov de xal rgiaHOVZOQOv, ^ «W 
ijToi&rj no}.vxQuri]g '/i&T^vaiog ' og bnoaa Xaji^avoi nXoia xatriyep 
im to aiQatoTiedov, Kal ra (asv aydyifia el ti r^yov e^atQOVfjisvoi 
qivXanag Tia&iazacav OTzcog awa tit] ' toTg ds nXoioig iiq^aavto 
dg 7TaQay(ayr^v, 17. 'Ev ^ de zavra 7;v iTit Xeiav i^eoay oi 
EXXrjveg ' nai oi (lev ivezvyxavov oi ds xal ov. KXeaivezog ^ i^a- 
yaymv xai tov eavrov xaJ SsXXov Xoiov nqog x<oQiov ^aXenov avtog 
re anid^ave xaJ aXXoi noXXo] t^v avv avtm 


*E7iei de ta imti^deict ovxeri tjv Xafi^dvsiv ojgre anavdijiieQi* 
^eiv im TO czQatOTtedoVy ix tovrov Xa^mr Sstfoq)my fjyefiovotg tm 
TQaTie^ovvjimv i^dysi elg dglXag to tjficav tov aTQatsvfiatog, to 
ds ^fiiav natiXiTiB (pvXdtteiv to atgatOTtedov ' ol yaq KoXj^oi, att 
iHTzeTitoDxotsg tmv oIhicov, noXXol ^aav d&QOOi xai vTieQexd'&tiPto 
im twv axQoav. 2. Oi ds TQajis^ovvnoi otio&sv jjfiv to. imri]d8ia 
Qadiov ijv Xa^sTv ovtt riyov ' cpiXoi yag avtoTg ij<7av ' elg tovg Jgi' 
Xag ds TTgo&vfjKog riyov, vcp <av xaaoog eTzaa^ov, elg jfoo^/la re ogsiva 
xai dvg^ara x«! av&gconovg noXeiimaotdtovg t^v iv tq> Ilovtcg. 

3. ^ Enei ds ^aav iv rri avco x^Q^ ^^ EXXtjvsg, bnoia tmv x^' 
glmv toig /IgiXaig aXoimf^a elvai iSoaei ifimngdvteg dnjieaav * xa! 
ovbh JfV XufA^dreiv el firi vg ?} ^ovg § dXXo ti Htrjvog to nvg dta* 
necpevyog. ^Ev S* r/v ;fa)(>toy firjtgoTZoXig aitoiv. Elg tovto 
ndvteg avvsQQv^xeaav ' negi ds tovto i]v x^^gddga laxvgmg ^ad^eut, 
xou Tzgogodoi x^Xenm ngog to x^glov. 4. Oi de jzeXtaatai ngo- 
dgafiovteg criddia ntvte // i| tKtv bnXit^v dia^dvteg tqv x^^gddgaf 
bgmvttg ngo^ata noXXa xui uXXa XQW^'^^ ngogi^aXXov ngog to 
Xongiov. ^vveinovto ds ytat dogvcpogoi 7ioXXo\ ol im ta imt/jdeia 
i'^cogfiTifiivoi ' cogte iyivovto oi dta^dvreg TiXelutrg r] elg dtgxtXiovg 
avd^goiTiovg. 5. 'Etih 8s fiaxofievoi ova idvvavto Xa^eTv to x<^gl^f 
(xal yag tdq^gog rp- 7ieg\ avib evgela dva^e^Xijuevrj xaJ axoXonH 
im r^i arafioXfig xai tvgaeig nvuvai ^vXtvai nenottyuvaif) immm 


drj inBiUQOvV ol ds ini^Bimo abioTg, 6. 'S2g ^ ov}i idvtitvio 

aTtOTQeysiv, (^y yaq ecp ivog ^ itard^aatg in rov ymQiov tig ir^v yu 

QudgaVf) m^Tiovai nqog !Sevoq:^vra, og TjyEito tolg onXizaig. 7 

*0 ^ iXd^atv Xtyei on sari yoDQiov yQTifidT(ov 7ro}.Xmv fisatov ' tov 

CO ovtB Xa^HV 8vvdfie&a ' iayyqov yiq iorif ' ovrs dntXiytlv Q<k- 

^lov • fidyovtai yog ine^eXrjXv^ozeg xal fj dqiodog yaXtnri, 

8. ^j4v.ov6ag zavra 6 Ssvoq)03v nqotsayaytov nqog r\v xotQa 

dguv rovg fisv onXizag d^eoO^at, iitsXevas za OTzXa ' avrog ds dia- 

fiug 6VV toTg Xo^ayoTg iaxonsito tiotsqov etfi xquirov dndyeiv xai 

rovg dm^s^r^'AOiag i} nai zovg onXitag dia^i^d^eiv cog aXovtog av 

tov yoDQiov, 9. 'Edoxei yccQ zb fiev dndysiv ovx ehai avsv TZoXXar 

ifexQmv, iXsTv ^ av (§ovto xal ol Xoyayol to y^tOQiov ' xai 6 Ssvo- 

(pmv ovvsycogrjas roig leQoTg Tiiaremag ' ol yuQ /xdvjetg aTtode^ei.' 

yfuvoi riaav oti f^dytj fiep sazai to ds riXog xaXov zrjg i^odov. 10. 

Kai Tovg ^sv Xoyayovg msfiTis dia^t^daovzag rovg OTiXizag, avzog 

f ffisvev dvayooQiffag anavrag tovg TzeXraarag, xa) oidfva eia 

axQo^oXiCea&ai. 11. ^Ensi S* r]xov ol OTtXhai, ixsXevae tov Xoypv 

sxaarov noiriaai tmv Xoyaycov cog av xgdziaza oujrai dycovieTa&ai, ' 

^aav yaq ol Xoyayol 7iXr]6iov dXXr^Xcov ol, ndvra tov ygovov dXXrjXcig 

nsQi dv^QuyaO^iag dvzsTzoiovvto. 12. Kal ol f^h tavta inoiovv * 6 ds 

toTg ntXzaazaTg Tjdai TzaoyyytXXB dirjyxvXoDfisvovg levai, (og bnotav 

(TT]u/ivrj dy.ovziXBtv dttjaor* xal zoigtoiozag iTZi^epSjO^ai etzi taig 

vEVQaig, cog bncizav (jrjinijvrj ro^aveiv dttjaov* xai tovg yvfivijtag 

Xt&cov tystv fieozag rag diofxftQag ' xal tovg emzijdeiovg msfjixpe tov» 

toov eTHfisXri^ljvai, 13. 'EtteI de Tidvta TzaQsaxevaazo xal ol >lo- 

yayol xal ol vnoXoyayol xal ol diiovvzsg tovtcov [ajj yetQOvg slvai 

rrdvihg TraQatstay^tvoi. ?/<t«i', xai aXXr^Xovg fisv dl] avveoigcov 

fjTjroetdrjg yaQ dta to ycoQiov rj rdhg tjv ' 14. mti S ^Tiaidviaaf 

xal 7/ (TaXmyi iq)d^rygato, afia te tcp ^EvvaXiciJ rjXdXa^av xal E&eov 

^Qfiftcn 01 bnXitai, xcii ta ^eXtj bfiov icpsQSzo, Xoyyai, to^evfiata^ 
(T'.f.trdoyat xal nXtiatoi if ix tcov yeiQ^v Xix^oi ' rjcrav de ol xal 

nvQ TTnogtcpEQOv. 15. ^Ttio ds tov 7zX7]&ovg tmv ^eXoov iXmov ol 

TtoXkLnoi td tt ctavQcofAata xal tag tvgcsstg ' agts '^yaaiag 

2!tvficpdXiog xal (I^iXo^evog IleXXrjvevg xataO^tfievoi ta onXa iv 

Ittmvi fiovov dvt^tjaaVf xal aXXog dXXov alXxs, xal aXXog ava^e^i^xeit 

%tti fiXoixBi to x<oQtov, tog idoxsi. 16. Kat ol ^tv neXtaaxiu, 


Ot %piko} tiadQftfiO} re^ r^Qnu^ov o t exa(7tog idvvaro ' 6 di Sew 
q)mr (sza<i xata rag nvXag ojroaovg idivato ndXBTidXve rmv bnh'^ 
Toay tjw • no).tfiioi yuQ dXXoi tcpaivovto in ay.QOig Tiotv IcyvQolg* 
17. Ot' 7ioX).o7> dl )^()6rov iiisra^v ytvofitvov xqavyi^ % iylyteto if' 
dov nai tq^nyov ol lilv nul ij^ovng a iXa^oVf liia ds Tig xal te- 
7QOi)fnrog ' xat TioVvg J^v (oOiOfiog a/JKpl ra •&vQBrQa, Kai eQwrd' 
utvoi oi rATZiTTrovieg tXtyov on uhqu tt ianv ivdov xal oi noldifAOi 
tioXXo), oi nalovGiv iy.8tdQUfit]x6reg tovg iv^ov afd^Qoifiovg. 

18. 'Evtav&a avEinEiv ixtXevae ToXfiidijv rov xi^QVTia lipou 
9i6(o 10V ^ovlofievov 11 Xufi^avEtv. Kcu Uvto noXXo\ etoto, xou 
nxmai Tovg iymntovtag ol eioG) (o&ovfievoi aai xaraxXeiovai lovg 
TToXefiiovg TidXip elg tifV aagav. 19. Kal ra (abv eim rtjg axQog 
Tzdvta birignaa^ri xaJ i^SHOfjitaavto oi EXXr^veg • ol S* onlXtai 
i&evro ta on7,a, ol fih TTtQt ra (jravQcifAara, ol ds xara ttjv odovtiif 
im ijiv dyqav (psQOvaav. 20. *0 de Ssvoqimv ical ol Xoxc^yoi 
ianoTTOvv el oiov r siirj z)iv axQuv Xa^eTv ' r^v yag ovtg) cfoztj- 
Qia dacpaXtjg' dXXmg de ndvv yi^aXenov idoaei eha* dneX'&eif' 
. GnonovfJievoig S avtoig idoie navrdnuGiv dvdX(OTov ehai to x^^iof 
21. 'Evzav^a Tzageaxevd^opTo Ttjv aq:odov, xai Tovg (lev CTavgovg 
exaazoi Tovg aad^ avToig diiiQOVv, xai TOvg dyqelovg xaJ cpogria 
e^ovTag el^emiinotto you rcov bnXn^v to nXtj'&og ' xaTeXmov de 
ol Xoxccyol otg tTiaarog imatevev. 

22. ^Ene) ds TjQ^avTo dTzoxosgeTvy ene^i^eov hbo^ev noXXol yigga 
xaJ Xoyiof-g e^ovTeg x«J y,vi]fiTdag xaJ xgdvt] IlaqsXayonxd ' xai aJiXoi 
em Tag olxiug dve^atvov zdg ev&ev aai ev&ev Tjjg elg tt^v dxgav q)egov- 
CTjg odov ' 23. agT oide dteixeiv aaq)aXfg rjp autoi Tag nvXag 
tag elg ttjv dagav cpegovaag ' nal yag ^vXa fxeydXa enegglfiTovf 
dafta&ev, (ogte yaXeTzop r^v Tcal fiiveiv xai dmevai ' xai ly vv^ cpo^ega 
fiv BTZiovaa. 24. Maxofievcov 5' avtmv nai dnogovfieroDv ^emv ug 
avzoTg firjxc^vrjv omTtjgiag didcoaiv, 'E^anivrjg yag dveXauxpev oi 
Hia Tmv ev de^ta otov dij evdxpavTog, 'S^g d* avrrj GvveTZirzTef^ 
ecfiivyov oi dno Tmv ev beha ohimv, 25. ^ ^g S efjia&er 6 Sevo- 
qiav Tovzo naga Tijg Tvpig, evdnteiT exiXeve x«J Tag ev dgiaTeg^ 
vmag ' al de ^vXivai ^aav ' mgTe xai Tayy enaiovTO. ''Ecpevyot 
9w iia\ ol drry tovtodv rmv om&v» 26. Ol de xaza to CTOfia d\ 

L I B. V. C A P 1 1 L 113 

in (Aorot IXvTtovv xaJ drikoi riaav on imxeiaovrai iv rg i^odcp n 
nal xara^msi, ^Eviavd^a naqayyiXkEi qjOQeiv ^vXa oaoi in>y)[avof 
fijca opjeg tmv ^eXdip eig jo fiiaov eavt^v 'aoI toiv noXefiicop, 
^Etis. 8e ixava ridtj /yy, ivtjxpav ' ivtJTZzop ds 'aui rag Tzag avro to 
)[UQdxmfJia oimag, OTzboi ol noXsfjiioi afjicpi ravra t^oiev, 27. Ovtta 
uoXtg anrjX&ov ano tov ^(oqioVy nvq iv fiiacp iavrmv nai rmv TioXe- 
uicov 7ioii]odfievoi* Kal xaTexavd^t] ndaa rj TzoXig xai ui olmai 
71 at al TVQOEig xai ra azavQfOfiara xai taXXa nana tiXijv rijg axQag. 
28. T^ S* mzegaia dm^eoav ol EXXr^peg sxoptsg rd initrfiHa. 
*EnH da rijp xard^aaip sq)0^ovvto rrjP tig TgaTte^ovpta, ngavrjg 
ydq l^v xccJ CTEpij, xpevdepsdQUv inoi^aaPTO, 29. Kai'dvtiQ Mvaog 
TO yivog xat tovpofia tovto f/oiv rmp Kqtjt^v Xa^ap dtxa sfupev h 
Xaai(p X(aQi(i^ xaJ ngogsTTOieiro jovg TioXsfiiovg netgdaO^ai Xap&dpsip ' 
al de TiiXtai avtcop dXXors xal dXXoze dtaqjatpopto )[aXxai ovaai, 
30. Oi IA8P ovp noXifjiioi tavza diOQWPrsg ecfo^ovpro tog ivedgap 
ovaap ' tj ds GTQatid ip jovto^ xare^aipsp. 'Enei 8e idoaei tfiri 
Ixapop VTzeXijXv&tpai tq) Mvgc^ ia/jfitipe cpevysip dpd ygdtog ' xa] 
og i^apaardg cpevyst xal ol avv avt^. 31. Kal ol iisp dXXot 
KQrjregf dXiaxead^ai ydg scpaaav tq) dgofjKp, ixneffopzeg sx rijg 
68ov Big vXtjp xard Tag vdnag xvXipdovfiEPOi eaoi&rjaap ' 32. 6 
Mvaog ds xatd tr^p 68op q)evy(ap i^oa ^ot]&£ip ' xai f^oi^&Tjoav air^y 
aal apt).a^op ZBTgoDfievop, Ka\ airol im 7i68a dpe)^<agovy ^ah 
XofJtevoi ol ^Ofi'^/jaapreg xai avtiTO^svoPTsg ripsg TWf Kgijrmp. Ov- 
rmg dcfUovTO im to aTgaT6nB8op ndpteg amot oPTsg. 


1. *E7iSi 88 ovre Xsigiaocpog rjxep ovts nXola Ixapd tip ovts Ta 
intrri8eia ijp Xafi^dpsip in, i86xsi dmriop sJpai. Ka\ elg fisp rd 
TtXoia Tovg tb da&epovprag ipe^l^aaap xou Tovg vnig TerTagd' 
KOPTa itri xai 7Tai8ag xai yvraixag xai rtap axevmp oaa firi dpayxtj r^p 
f^vp ' xa) (PiXrjaiop xai ^Jorfufri-Tor rovg Trgsa^vrdrovg rmp nrga^ 
triymp eig^i^uaapzeg tovtojp ixiXevov inifitXH6^ai ' ol 8s aXXoi 
inogevovro ' tj 88 68og ol)8onoiovfjiepr] rjp, 2. Kai dcpixpovPTai 
no^9v6fupoi tig Ksgatrnvpra rgizaioi noXtv 'EXXripi8a ifn ^a« 



Idztri ^ivtontGiv anoiaov ev Ty KoX^idi x^Q^f- 3. ^Eftav^a 
ifutray {iiiqoLg dexa ' aal i^haaig iv joig OTiXoig iylyvero xai uqi* 
'&fiog, aal iyivovro oxTaxigxihoi yai s^axoaioi, Ovroi iad^tjffaf 
ix Twy afig)i rohg fjivgiovg ' oi ds aXXoi anaoXovto vno re rmv no- 
Xefiiwv Hoi rtjg ^lovog xal e! rig f otjep. 

4. ^EvTavO'a nal diaXafA^avovai to ano rmv aixfJicLXdtwP 
agyvQiov ysvofXEvov aal ttjv dexdrijv ^v r^ ^AnoXXoivi H^eXXov xm 
ry ^Ecpsaia 'Agrffiidi diiXa^ov ol GtQarrjyoi to fAegog exatjiog qiv- 
XdzTEiv roTg d^EoTg ' dvtl ds XEiQiaocpov A^mv 6 ^Aaivalog iXa^tr 
5. Ssvoq^av ovr to fiiv tov 'AnoXXoovog, dpd&tjfjia TZOtijadixEvog 
dvaTi&rjcriv Eig thv iv /lEXcpoig tcov !/^^?/ya/W &rj(javQOv xal ini- 
YQaxpE to TE avrov ovofjia xdi to Ugo^ivov og avv KXEdq^tp dni^a- 
VE ' ^fvog ydg i]v avrov. 6. To ds rrjg 'AgrBfjudog rtjg ^Ecpsalag 
OTE dnriEi <5vv '/^yrjmXdcp ex rjjg ^u4alag rijv Eig Boioorohg odovt 
xaraXsiTiEi TtaQct Meya^v^qi tq) ri^g *u4Qre^i8og pEoaxoQqi, on avrog 
xivdvvEvaoDV idoxEi Itvai, xal STTsarEiXEy, rjv fisv avrog G(o&^, iav- 
fQ) aTTodovvat ' tl ds ri nd^oi^ dva&Eirat noitjadfiEvov ry *u4QrsiJudi 
o ri oioiro xaQiEiaOai r^ {^Ecp. 7. 'EtteI S* EspvyEV 6 SEvocpm^ 
xaroixovvrog ijdf] avrov iv 2^xiXXovvri vno rcjv AaxE^aifiovim 
olxiad^Evri Tiagd rr^v ' OXvfimav dcpixvEirai Msyd^v^og Eig ^OXvfi 
niav d^Emgi^acov xal dnodidoiai rijv naqaxara&iqxriv avr^, Sevo- 
qpwy ds Xa^mv j^oqIov (ovEirat ry &e^ otiov dvEiXsv 6 {^Eog . 8. 
Erv^E ds dia fieaov QSiav rov xiogiov Tzorafiog ^sXivovg. Kcti if 
*Ecpt6cp ds TTaQCc rov rrjg ^u4Qrifiidog veojv 2^EXivovg noraiiog na- 
QaQQEi\ xal Ix^vsg ds iv diicporsQOig svsiai xa] xoyxai ' iv ds r^ if 
2!xiXXovvrt )((OQicf> xal d^ijgai ndvrcov bnoaa iarlv dygsvofiEvd &riQia, 
9. 'ETTOirjaE ds xal ^mfjiov xal vaov dno rov Ieqov dgyvgiov ' xcu 
TO XoiTzov ds dsi dsxarEvrnv ra ix rov dygov dogaia ^vaiav inoiEi tJ 
{^E^ • xai ndvjsg oi noXlrai xai ol 7rg6gxG)goi avdgsg xal yvvalxsg 
fiErEV/ov irjg iogzijg, UagsixE ds rj d^sog roTg axrivovmv aXqura^ 
dgrovg, olvov, rgayfjuara, xai r^v '&vof*sv{ov dno rtjg Isgdg vofvjg 
Xdxog, xal rmv 'O^rjgEvofiircov ds. 10. Kal ydg d^^gav inoiovvro 
Big rijVEOQrtjv ol rs Ssvoqiwvrog naTdsg xal oi rmv aXXoDv noXirm' 
oi ds ^ovXofiEvoi xal dvdgsg ffwEd^rjgoav xal riXi(7XEro ra fjisv fj 
avTOv Tov isgov /ca^ov, ra ds xal ix rijg 0oX6ijg, avsg xal dogxo^ss 
xcu iXaqioi. 1 1. "^Etrri di tj x^Q^ V ^^ ^axsdaifiovog eh * OXviMnU» 

LIB. V. CAP. IT. llf 

noQZvovTat mg eiycoai (Ttddioi ano rov iv^Olvfinia /liog Isqov 
'Et'i 5' f r T(p Uqm /a}(>0) xai uXarj aai oqtj biv^Qfov fiearu, Uava xat 
jvtf not, atyag thu ^ovg TQiq)£iv xal lirnovg, mgzs nat la tq)» eig iij9 
ioQrr^v lovtfov vTZo^vyia evoox^iad^ai. 12. FltQi S* avrov top vaot 
SXao^ t^fifQcor dtrSgoDv iqivrsv&rj oaa ian iQcoxra (aqaia, '0 da 
voLog dg fii^Qog fieydXq) tm iv 'Eqjeaoi tSixaaiai ' nat to ^oavov 
ioixEv cog xvTzaQiJttvov XQ'^<^^ opn toi iv 'Eq}sa(p. 13. Ka) (jtrjXfj 
lijtfjxe nuQu TOP vaov ygafifiaiu i^ovaa ' IEP02! Xf^POZ 

C A P. I V. 

1. 'E'A Ksgaaovvtog de xata d^akattav fiiv ixofiiXovJo oifieg 
jcttt •TtQoad'er, ot ^ aXXoi Kara yijv moQHvovro, 2. ^Enei S ijaav 
im TOig MoffGVPoi}C(ap oQioig, 7ti(i7iov<5tv eig avtovg Ttftrjal'&sov 
tor TQane^ovPTiov TZQo^evov opta rap MoaavPorAcov, SQtoTmvTsg 
noTSQOv (og dia cptXiag t] cog dia TZoXsfiiag noQBvaovjai trig xtoqag, 
01 5' tlTzov oti ov difiaoiEv • imatsvov yaq toTg X(OQioig. 3. 'jEV- 
ttvO^ev Xtyei 6 Ti^rjai^eog oti 7io7Jfnoi Biaiv avtoTg ot ix tov 
STisxstpa' xui idoxei xaXsoat ixeirovg, si ^ovXoiPtc avfifiaxtc^P 
froiriaaaO^ai ' xai 7rsfjiq)'&etg 6 Tifirjai&sog t]X£P aymp rovg Sq^op^ 
tug. 4. 'Enal di acpixovtOy ovvijX&ov o? ts tap MocavroUoiv 
OQxopreg not ol ctQatrjyoi t^p *EXX/jvoop * xaJ eXs^s fjisp Ssvocp^p, 
riQttt]p8VE df TtfitjffiO^Eog. 

5. ^S2 updQsg Moaavpoixoi, ^fisig ^ovXofjiEd^a dtaaoa^/jvai TiQog 
ttjp *E),Xdda TTsl^f ' TtXoia yag ovh ixofiev ' xcoXvovai ds ovtoi ^fiag 
org dxovofitp vfiip noXefxiovg eJpai. 6. Et ovr ^ovXea&E, tisativ 
vfth tjung Xa^eTr avftfidyovg xat tifi(OQi^(Taa&ai ei ti ndno^ vfiag 
ovTOt i^drAr^traPy xai to Xotnov vfiwp vTir^xoovg bIvcu tovtovg 7, 
E! df i]uug aqiriaete, axixpaad-e tto&ep av\yig ap toaavzrjv dvpafiif 
Uidone (sbiAuaxor. 8. Ugog tavta dnexQivato 6 a^nv tmp 



MouavvoUtav o-t aai ^ovXoivro tavra aal dexottto tyv avfi/iaxM 

jfo« vfiav yev<afit{ya ; xal vfitli^ ti oloits saea'&e fjfup avfjinQo^ai m()\ 

tJjg duidov ; 10. 01 S bItzov on, Uavol iogisv eig T/;y ^^gav elg- 

puX)Mv ex Tov em {^UTega rr^v j^v vfiiv js aai r^fuv TZoXsfiioaVi not 

devQo v/jiTv TTtfixpai vavg te xal ardqag ohiveg v/uv Gvi4,[iaxovnm 

tt Kol tr^v odbv riyfiaovtau 

11. ^Em Tovroig niaza dovieg kcu Xa^ovtsg ^ono' xai i^ 

nov TiQ vatsgaia uyovzeg TQiaxoaia nXoTa fiovo^vXa xai iv Ixacrrq* 

tgeTg ardgag' tbv ol fdv dvo in^avreg elg ti^iv i^evto ra onXa' 

6 dl £tg I'ln-n, 12. Kai ol fih Xa^ovteg ra nXola anfTiXevaaf' 

01 ds fitvovreg i^erd^avTO (ods, '^Earrjaap am ixarov fidhata 

mgneg ol x^Q^^^ dviiaroixovvreg aXXtjXoig^ exovreg ye^ga Ttdyrsg 

Xevxcov pooov duasa, elxaafisva aizTov netdXo^ ' iv di rj de^ta naX- 

tov (hg i^drzTjXVy tfingoa'&ev nlv Xoyx^iv ex^v, oma&ev ds avtov 

zov ^vXov acpottgosidtg. 13. XiKoviGxovg ds ivEdedvKeaar vne^ 

yovdroov, ndxog cog Xtvov argoafiatodeaiJiov ' am rj usqjaXy de xgdfti 

exit Iff a, oianeg ia Flaqikayovixa, xgoi^vXov exovra xara (liaoft 

tyyvtdra Jiagoeidij ' eJxov di xai aaydgeig atdtjgag. 14. *Evt^ 

S^ev i^^jgX^ f^^v avzoov eigy ol S* dXXoi ndvteg iTzogsvovzo adonsg 

iv gvd^ii^, xou dieX^ovzeg dia rmv rdl^eav xai dia Tmv otzXodv rmn 

EXXrjvmv inogtvovzo tv&vg nghg rovg noXefiiovg im x^Q^ov o idO' 

XBi iTTifiaxcojatov elvai. 15. 'SiixsTzo de rovjo ngo rijg noXet^ 

Tijg fif^rgoTioXecog xaXovfiSf>i]g avroXg xcti ixovarjg to dxQoraiOf 

rcjor Moaavvolx&iv ' xai Tzsgl lovtov 6 TtoXsfjiog ijv ' ot yog a& 

Tovz sxovieg idoxovv iyxgaretg shai xai ndrtmv Moaawoixtof. 

Kai ecpaaav rovzovg ov dixaloag exsiv rovro, dXXa xoivov ov xara- 

Xa^ovtag nXeovextfTv* 

1 6. Einovzo S avtoTg xai zmv 'EXXi^twp rifeg, ov rax^if^H 

vno rmv azgarijymv dXX! dgnaylqg tvexBv. 01 de TioXefitoi nQogior- 

zoav Tiwg fAfv rjavxa^ov ' ensl S* iyyvg iyevovto zov x^^Qtov, ixdga' 

uovzeg rnmovzai avzovg ' xat dmxzeivav fft/rorff ro^v ^ag^dgmvxai 

tcoi^ avvava^dvzcov 'EXXt'jvcay rivag, xai idlcoxov fiexgig ov eldov tov^ 

^KhXrivag ^orjd^ovvzag, elra ds dnozganofisvoi c^x^^'^^ ' 1*7^ xcu dnozt^ 

(lovzeg, rag xscpaXag tmv vsxgo^v insdslxvvaav toTg re^^EkXiiat, xou raft 

icvt^v TzoXefiior ' xai aua exogevov vofiqi rm adovreg. 18. 01 t 

LIB. V. CAP. IV. 117 

EUtp^Bg fidXa TJ^d-ovro on rovg ts noXefiiovg eTteTioii^xscrap ^'ga- 
ovTSQOvg xai on oi i^sX&ovreg ''EXXriveg avv avrolg ineqievyeaap 
fidX ovteg avp^oi* o ovnta TZQoa&ev inerzou^nsaav iv t^ OTQareia. 
19. Asvocpav ds (jvyxaXeaag rovg '^EXXr^vag elnev ' '^Avdqeg atQarir 
At at, fiijdsp d&vfii^(jf]r6 evexa rcay yeyevf^fisvoov ' tare yaq on }iai 
aya&ov oh iahov tov xaxov yeyivritaL 20. Uq^tov fjiev yog em- 
<na(5&B on oi fieXXovzeg tjfih Tjyal&ai r^ ovn noXi^ioi eiaiv oigneg 
ual i]fJiag drdyxi] ' inuta ds xat rmr 'EXX^vmv ol dcpgovnari^aavTeg 
tijg <Jvv fifilv tdietxig xaJ l>iavo\ ^yrjodfievoi shai avv roTg ^ag^d- 
QOig tavtd Ttgditsiv dnsg avv 7j^uv dixrjv dedoixaaiv ' mgrs avd^ig 
i^TTov T?jg Tjfjiejfgag Ta^tag dnoXsixpovzcu. 21. ^AXX vfjidg dsi 
nagaaxevd^e(7&ai oTtcag xal roTg cpiXoig ovai tmv ^ag^dgcov doners 
XQehrovg avroiv elvai roTg TioXegiioig dtjXoiasTs on ovi ofioiotg 
ivdgdat fiayovvna vvv re aal ots roTg dtdxroig ifidyovro. 

22. TavTTiv fi€v ovr rr^v Tj/Asgav ovrmg sfieivav ' zi] If vategaia 
^vcavreg inu i'AaXXiegijaavto dgian^aavtsg, ogd^iovg tovg Xo^ovg 
noiTiadfiBvoiy xaJ lovg ^ag^dgovg im to Evoivvfiov aarcc ravrd tu- 
^d/ievoi inogevOvTO zovg ro^otag fieraiv zmv Xoyoiv ogd^iciv ovttap 
exovreg, vnoXsiTiOfisvovg de fiixgov tov azof/tarog rmv oTzXirmp, 
23. ^Haav yag rcoy noXenifav oi av^avot xarargexovteg roig 
Xi'&oig i^aXXov, Tovrovg ovv avsaraXXov ol to^orai xat ol mX" 
ratjzai' ol 3' dXXoi ^ddrjv inogevovTo Tig^rov (isv ini to ytagiop 
dcp oi) TJ ngoregaia ol ^dg^agoi irgdnrjaav xai ol avv avtoZg. 
'Evravd'a ydg ol noXiiAioi Jjaav dvntetayfAtvoi. 24. Tovg fuv ow 
nsXraardg ide^avto ol ^dg^agoi xai ifidyovTO ' inei ^ iyyvg iqaap 
ol onXlrai, hgdnovro. Kcu ol filv neXtaotai ev^vg unovto dioi' 
xopreg dvco ngog rijv fArirgonoXiv ' ol di hnXiiai h td^ei sitiovto. 
25. 'Enti d* avoa ^aav ngog taXg trig fjtrjTgonoXsoag omlatg, ivzav' 
9a dt] ol TioXefjiioi ofiov drj ndvieg ysvofieroi Ifidyovzo 'aou il^ijHOfti* 
foy toig naXrolg ' xaJ dXXa dogara exovtsg naym /Aaxgd, oaa drtjQ 
ay q)tgoi fjinXig, rovioi^ in&igmvTo dfivvea^ai ex ;f««^o?. 

26. 'Enu bs ovx vcplevro ol "EXXijvsg, dXX ofioae fxdgow, iqiv- 
yop ol ^dg^agoi xal ivtevd^ev anavteg Xmovrsg to ytogiov, da 
BuaiXevg avtoov 6 iv i^ fioaawi T(p in dxgov (^xodofiTjfiivcp op 
TQBqfOWJt ndptsg xo/f^ avrov fisvopra xal q^vXdtzovaiv ovx ri^iXap 
f^cl^err, ov^B oi ip rep ngongov aigB&ivn X(ogi(^y dXX ainov <iw 


toig uoaavvoig xarexav&rjffav, 27. 01 If ''EXXr^veg dtOQad^orm 
ra yjOQia evoitrHOP ^ytjaavgovg iv tatg oinlaig Slqi^v PEprjfisvm 
natQiovg, (og scpaaav ol MoacvrotKOi ' rov ds viov cTrot avv TJ 
xaXdfAy cinoHeifibtov ' l^aav de ^eiai al nXHatai, 28. Km deXqil* 
pmv rEfiixf] iv dfJicpOQemiv evQiaxeto 7etaQi)^6viJi8pa y.a) ormq if 
revj^eai tmv delqiivcov, (j) i^QoivTO ol Moaovvoinot yta^dneQ oi "EX- 
Xi^vtg Tw iXaiop. 29. Kdqva d* im tmv dvmyaioop tjv tioUm 
Ta nXazta ovx fj^ovra diacpvtjv oidefiiav, TovT(p xai ttXeigtc^ 
(TtTQ) i)[Q6iv70 txpovTsg xal aQTovg ont^rreg, OJvog S EVQiaHSTO 
og uxQUTog fjiiv o^vg icpatvETO eJvai vnb Ttjg avattjQOTijtog ' xe^a- 
ad^Elg de Evoodrjg te k«} ijdvg. 

30. 01 fisv dfj "EXXrivEg dgiaTr^aavtEg ivtav&a inoQEvovto eli 
6 TTQOGa), TiaQadovTEg ro '^toQiov roTg avfifia^i^aaai roov 'Moaov- 
voi>i(ov. 'Onoaa ds k«« dXXa TzagriEaav x^Qiu t^v <jvv jotg ttoXs- 
uioig ovrcoVy ra EVTTQogo^draru ol fxlv eXeitiov, ol ds exoptss 
TZQogEidQovp 31. Ta ds 7t7.Eiata roidS' ^v rmp j^odqIodp ' dnEtxaf 
al noXEigdn aXXriXoop azadia oydo^xopta, (d dE ttXeTop al ds iiEioV 
dva^ooipTcov ds dXXrjXoop avp/jxovop slg tijp stEQav ix rrjg itsQag 
TioXEmg. OvToog vxpriXi] ze xa) xoiXtj ^ x^Q^ '^*'* ^^ 'Ettei ds 
/TOQEvofiEPOi EP loig (ptXotg yaaPy inEdEixpvaav avzoTg Ttaidag rwf 
Evdaifiormp (yitEVTOvgy rEd^gafifJEPOvg xagvoig icpd-oTg, aTtaXovg xat 
XEvxovg aq)6dQa xal ov tioXXov dtorrag laovg to nXdrog xai to 
^i]xog Eipai ' notxiXovg 8s la para xal ta sfinQOG&Ev ndvta ion' 
yUEPOvg dpd^s^iop. 33. ^Ett'itovp ds xal raTg sraiQaig aig r^op Oi 
'EXXrjPEg ificpapojg cvyyiPEcOai ' pofiog yaq i]P ovzog acpiat' jisv^ 
xol de TidpTEg ol apdQsg xal al yvpaixsg, 34. Tovrovg eXejop o* 
(jtQaTEvadfjiEPOi ^aQ^aQoardrovg dtEXxytiv xal ttXeTgzop zoip ^EXXti- 
pix^p pofioop xExooQKTfiEPOvg. ''Ep re yag o^Xo;) oPTsg inolovv anEQ a» 
dp&Qmnot EP EQ7]fiia noiri<SE(ap, aXXtog ds ovx ap toXfi^sv " fiopoiu 
oPTEg ofioia sTiQatTOP octieq ap fiEt dXXcap optsg ' diEXsyovto u 
iavroTg xal Eys),<op icp savToTg xai coq^ovpto EqucrdfiEPOi on09 
fv^oiEv mgnsQ aXXoig imdEixPvuepoi* 

LIB. V. CAP. T tJ|» 

CAP. V. 

1. Jm ravtfjg r^g yciqag ot "Elkt^veg, did tt trjg noXefiictg nai trii 
ffiXiag^ moQBv&riaav ot^toj ara^fiovg, xai aqjixvovvrai 8ig X(LXv^ag> 
OvTOi oXiyoi rjactv xal vni^xooi t&v MotJvvoixoDv ' yea] 6 ^log ijf 
TOig nXeiatoig avzojy dno aibriQEia*:. 'Evrev&sv dcpixvovvTui tig 
Ti^aqrivovg. 2, 'H ds tap TipaQtjvmv x^oQa noXv f^v TtedivcoTtga 
HOI x^Q^^ fJJf^y in] d'aXdttri rfizov fQifjivd. Kcu oi arQatrjydi 
t)[QrXov TTQog Tct xoiQioL TtQog^dXXeiv -aai ttjv argatiav ovrj&rjvai n • 
xai tk l^Bna a r^xs nuQct Ti^agi]vmv ovx idb)[ovro, ' dXX mifieT- 
pai xeXemavteg igre ^ovXevaaivto i^vovto, 3. Kat TioXXa xa- 
ra&vadvTODv tiXog dntdsi^avTO ol fjidvtsig Tzdvtsg YvoifATjv ozi ov- 
dafil] TTQogioivTO ol Otdt rov TioXefior- ^Evrsv^ev drj ta ^ma 
ide^avTO, xal cog dice qnXlag TiOQevofisvoi dvo rjfiegag dcfixovto eig 
Konvoaoa, noXiv' EXXTjvidUf SivtoTtioav dnoixovgy ovtag If iv ii^ Ti^a^ 

4. MtxQig ivrav&a ini^evaBv // atgazid, UXri&og r?^^- xaza- 
SacsEcag Ttjg odov dno tJ/g h Ba^vX^vi fidxtjg ol^qi dg Korvtoqct, 
ata&jjioi ixaiov aixoai dvo, ncwaadyyai e^axocsioi xou eixoai, atd- 
dioi lAVQioi xai oxzaxigxiXioi xai i^axoatoi * ;f^oyoi; TtXijd'og oxTci firj' 
veg. d/EvTavd^ai/JiEipayr^fisQagtstraQdxovTa ntvts. 'Evditaivaig 
TZQoJTOv fiev toTg &80ig i&vcsav, xai nofinag inoirjaav xata sd^vog 
kxaatoi zmv 'EXXr^vcav, xai dymvag yvfAvixovg. 6. Ta If sniti^deia 
iXdfJL^avov ta fiev ix rrjg UaqiXayoviag, rd 8* ix twv x(xtQi(ov To5f 
KoTvcoQitrnv ov yuQ fzcegeixov uyogdvy ovlf elg jo leixog rohg 
da&evovvtag idfxovza 

7. 'Ep zovzcp sQxovzai «x Zivdnr^g nQSG^stg, cpo^ovfAtvoi TieQi 
iwv KoTV(X)Qiz6^v Ttjg zs noXecogy (rjv ydg sxsivcovy xa) cpoQOvg ixsi- 
voig tcpEQoPy) xai negi zrjg ^roo'^aff, ozi tjxovov dTdovfiivriv ' xcci iX^OP^ 
Tsg eig 70 azgazonedov iXvyov TTQOTjyoQei de ^Exazdvvfjiog deipog 
poixttofievog elvat Xfysii', 8. "Ensfixpev rjfidgy & dvdqzg azQazi^zat^ 
fj zcov 2^irco7Tmv noXig enamaovzdg ze vfidg ozi ivixdze ''EXXrjvBg 
opzeg paQ(fdQ0vg, eneiza de xai (JvvTjtsd'ijaofjiivovg ozi did TioXXmp t% 
noi dsir^Vf (og r]img axoiofiBVy ^r^a^/iarooy (T€<S(0(T|aevoi not4^«Q%%. 


9. 'u4^io^fitv diy ^EXlr^veg oftsg xa) avzot, vcp v^imv ovrmv ^EXX^rwf 
aya&ov fitv ti nac^etv, xaxor df nrfiU' ol8f yug ^fAeig vfxug ov- 
div ndno^ inr^QiufJiev Ttaxoag Ttoiovvteg. 10. Korv(OQitai di 
ovtoi tlai fiSf rjfiezEQOi anoixot ' 'aoi zfiv yoigav ruieXg avtoig tav- 
ztjp naQadtdciicafiev ^ag^dgovg acfekofjievoi ' dib hoi daafiov rjfuf 
(ftQOvoiv OVTOI tttayfjitvov nai KeQaffovpziot xal TQaTZt^ovrztoi 
agavzaag * mg^ o ti av tovzovg xaxop ^ro/jjrjjyre ij ^ivoonitav no- 
li g voiJkiZvi naay^Eiv, 11. Nvv ds axovofiev vfjiag sfg re ti^v tioXip 
Bia naQtXrikv^otag iviovg axr^povv iv ralg oixiaig xaj ex zmf 
ymQioDv XufA^dven' cov av derjad-e ov nei^ovtag. 12. Tavz ov9 
olx a^iovfiev ' el de zavza Tioii^aete, avdyxt] tkaiv xai KoQvXav xat 
nuifXayorug iiXXov ovziva av dvvoified^a cpiXor TtoieTcD'ai, 

13. IJQog ravra dvaazag Sevoqj^v vniq imp argaTimzMf 
elnep' 'Hfieig dsy co apdgeg 2^iv(!oneig, rjxofiep dyan&vzeg on za 
cojfiaza ^leaooGafie&a -au) ru oTzXa ' ov yaq r^v dwatov afta 
ffi XQW^'^^ dyeip xal q^eqeip xcu zoTg noXefAioig imy^ec^ai* 
14. Kai pvp met elg tag 'EXXrjridag TZoXeig ijX'&ofiep, ip Tgane^ovpzi 
upv, naQEiy^ov yccQ yjfAiv dyoQur, dvovfiepoi et^ofiev za enizribeio^ 
xai av{f ojv ezi^riaav i]fiag xal ih'ia edoDxap rj/ (jzgazin, dpzerifim' 
(lep avtoig ' xa) etzig avzoig cpiXog tjp rcor ^ag^dgooPy rovrmv aTzei^o- 
fAsd^a ' 70vg de noXefiiovg avzwv icp ovg avrol ijyoipzo xax^g enowv* 
(Aep 060P edvvdfjie^a. 15. ^Sgoazaze de avzovg onoifop rtvmp rnim 
izvyov ' Tidgeiai yag ip&dde ovg ljfui> fjyefiopag dta (piXiap tj nohg (svp- 
enefixpev. 16. ''Onoi S ap iX&opzeg dyogap fjirj ey^toiiev, dp re elg 
j^dg^agov yl^v ap re elg ' EXXrjPida, ov^ v^gei dXX dpdyxi] Xafx^dvo- 
ftep za iTTiz^deia 17. Kal Kagdovy^ovg xa\ Tao^ovg xai XarX- 
dalovg^ xalneg ^acftXsoag ov^ vnrixoovg opzag, ofitag, xal fAoXa 
cpopegovg ovzag, noXefilovg ixzr^adfied^a 8ia to apdyxrjv ehai XajJi- 
^dpeiP td emtrfieta, tnel dyogap ov nageixov. 18. DfdxQcapag de 
xaineg ^ag^dgovg optag, inel dyogap oiap edvpavto nageXyof^ 
cptXovg te ipofii^ofiep eJpai xal ^ia ovdep eXafi^dpofiep rooy exeiptap. 
19. Kotvcogltag de, ovg v/ietegovg (ipate'flpdiy ei ti avtmp eiXi^q)a' 
[lePy avzol aizioi elaip ' ov yag cog (piXoi ngogeq^egopzo Tjfuv, dXXa 
xXeiaapzeg tag nvXag ovz eiam idi^opzo ovr e^(o dyogap enefinop* 
i^zimpzo de top nag vfi^p dgfjioatr^p tovtmp aitiop ehai 20. *0 di 
JU/si^ fiicc fra^eXd'OPzag cxtipow^ rifjieTg i^^iovuep zovg xdfivoptag 

LIB. V. CAP. VL li* 

tig TOtf ctiycLg de^ccad'ai ' inei ds ovx avic^yov tag TzvXagy y ^ficig 
(dtx^TO avTo to j^oDQiov ravty eigek&ovTsg alXo fuv ovdsv ^iaiop 
inoirjaafjiEv ' (S>it]yovai tf iv roug (Sttyaig ol xafjivovTeg ra iavtwt 
^anav^vTBg ' xa2 Tag nvXag cpQOVQOVfiBv, onojg fiij im r^ vfietBQtp 
dgfioaiy (aaiv oi xdfirovTeg ^ftmv, aXX icp ^fur y xofjiiaao&ai otap 
fiovXoifieda. 21. 01 ^ aXXoi, cog oqate, a)(i]vov[iep vnaiOgioi ir 
zy td^ei, naQEaxavaai^svoi, up fiev tig ev 7101^, avtevnoiBiv ' av di 
xaxag, dls^acr&aL 22. ^ ds r^naiXtjaag cog rjp vfup doxj Koqv- 
kav xal UaqiXayopag avpiiidy^ovg noii^oea^s icp rifidg, rifing di 
t}p filv avdyyiti ^ noXefi^GOfUP xai dficfoteQoig ' fjdtj yog not aXXoig 
noXXanXaaioig v^imp iTtoXefiJ^fjafiep ' av di doxy tj/aTp, xal cpiXop 
Tioi^aofiep top IlacpXayova. 23. ^^aovoiisp ds avtov xaJ im&vfieip 
ztjg vfutigag noXeoag xal i^qicav t^v imd'aXatzicap, UsiQacrofAe' 
&a ovp avfJiTTQattopteg aiz^ (av ini&vfjiu cpiXoi yiyvea&at. 

24. 'Eh tovTOv fidXa fisp d^Xoi t^aav oi avfingig^eig rep 'Exa- 
tcovvficii laXenaivovteg toig sigt^fievotg. UaQeX&mv ^ ait^p aX' 
Xog elnev on oh TioXefiov noitjcsofJiepoi t^xoibp, dXX' inidei^opteg on 
qtiXoi eiai. Kal ^epioig, i]v fA8v iX&rjte nqog trjv Hipcanieop noXtp^ 
iicei ds^Ofie&a ' pvv di tovg ip&dds HeXevaofJisp didovai a dinaptai' 
OQ^fiEv yaq ndpza dXi]&lj opta a Xsyete. 25. 'En tovtov ^ipia 
r« inaiinov oi KotvcoQizat xaJ oi atQatt^yoi tmv 'EXXi^vmp i^epi^op 
zovg tmv Hivcanicav ngicj^sig * xal ngbg dXXi^Xovg noXXd re xcu 
inirydeia dieXayopto zd re aXXa xal neQi ryg Xomfjg ftOQsiag invP' 
^dpovzo H€u (OP ixdzeQOi idiovto. 

3 A P. VL 

1. Taizy flip ry W^Qct zovro to zeXog iyipsro. T^ If v<jt«- 

pcM'a (TVPeXs^ap oi azgazyyol zohg azQatidrag, xai id6xB% 

avtotg TZEQi zijg Xomijg nogaiag noQaxaXiaapzag zovg 2,ip(0' 

niag §ovXevead^ai, Eize yog Tze^y dsoi nogevaa&ai, xgriaifioi ap 

fdoxovp ehai oi HiponnBig ^yovfievoi ' ffineigoi yag rjaap zijg Ha- 

(fXayopiag ' eize xata d^dXatzap, ngogdeip idoxsi 2iP(ani(XiP ' [lopoi 

yog ap iSoxovp ixavol eJvou nXola nagaaxBiP agxovpza zy azgaztS,. 

2. KaJJdctPzeg ovp zovg ngstT^Big (SVPe^ovXEvopzo, not i^^iovp %Ui|» 



wao ovtag *'EXXfj<Ti tovTtp nq^rov xaXco^ ds^Bad^ai rq^ evvovg f 
eJvai xal ta ^iXitata (fVfi^ovXevsiv. 

3. ^Avaatag di *E}tazoivvfiog rq^tov fiev aneXofiftjato n6^\ 
ov Einav tog top UacpXayova cpiXov noi^coivro, ?•« oiri mg tolg 
^EXXrjai ftoXefiT^aoptODV acpav htno*, aXX on i^br roTg ^aq^aqoig 
qiiXovg elvai rovg '^ElXtjvag aiQ^aovtai. 'Enei di avfi^ovXevsiw 
in4Xevoy, S7i6v^oi[xevog (ods elnev * 4. El fif'v avfi^ovXevoifii a ^A- 
TKJTa ^01 doaei thai, noXXa fjioi aaya^a ysvoiTO ' si de fii^, tavav 
lia' avt)j ycLQ tj iequ (Svfi^ovXrj Xsycisvrj ehai doxei fjioi TZOQetveu* 
vvv yccQ dr^ av [isv ev avfi^ovXevoag qjavm, tioXXoI eaea'&e ol inai 
vovvTtg (XE ' ay ds aax^g, noXXol laea^e ol xaraQoifUvoi. 5. Tlgd 
Yfiaza fisv ovv oW on noXv 7TXei<o e^ofiev, iav xata S^dXazTap 
noixil^i]6&8 • ^fiag yaQ dei^GSi ra nXoia noQiCeiv ' jjv ds xara yijg 
(StiXXriG&B, vfiag Sei^aei rovg piaxofjievovg elvai. Ofjimg de Xsntm 
a ytyvcoaxfx) ' 6. efXTietgog yaQ elfii xai zijg X(^Qf>^f> '^^'^ UaqiXayoptop 
xal Ttjg dvrdfAsmg ' sx^i yag [rj x^Q^^ dfjiq)6zeQa, xai Tiedia xdXXi^ 
aza xaJ oqri vxptjXozaza, 7 Kal nq^rov fjisp oJda ev^vg 'Q r^y slg- 
^oXijv dvdyxTj notelG&at ' ov yaq sanv dXXt] rj y za xegara rov 
oQOvg T?jg odov 7ia& exdregd ianv v\pi]Xd • a iCQazeiP aaztxorzig 
xal ndvv oXiyoi dvvaipz dp ' zovttov ds aazexofisprnp ovf av oi 
ndvzeg dpiygmnoi dvvaipz av dieX&eu, Tavta ds xai deC^aiiu av, 
Bi fioi Tiva ^ovXoiad^s avuTtifiypau 8. '^Enena bi olda aai TzeSia 
opza xai iTiTZEiav ^p avzoi ol ^dg^agoi POfil^ovai HQEizzm eIpoi 
dndaiig zrjg ^aaiXmg InnEiag. Kal pvp ovzoi ov naQsyivofzo 
^aaiXsT TiaXovvzi ' uXXa fiEil^ov q)QOP£T 6 dgx^iv avz^, 9. El 9$ 
Kal dvvTj^Eize rd ze oqtj nXsipai /) cp&d<jai Xa^optsg aai iv T«p 
Tthdlxj^ ugazfjaai fiaxofiEPOi rovg rs mTZsTg rovzcov xai TiB^mr (xvgid- 
dag tiXeTop ^ dddEnay t^'^ezb ml rovg nozaiiovg, ngmzov fiev roy 0eg» 
fiddopza, Evgog rgi^v nXi&gcay, ov xttXeTiov olfiai. dia^aivEip dXXmg ri 
xal TZoXefAioiP TtoXXap jitv Efingoa^sv opzcop noXXmp 8s OTHC^tf 
STTOfis'voDP ' dEvzsnor d* ^ fgip, TQlnXs&gov mgavroog ' rgizov d' ''AXvh 
oh fiEiov dvoiv aradioiVyOv ovx avdvvaiG&E dvsv tzXoiodv dia^Tjvai' 
nXoia ds zlg sarai 6 nagix'^v ; (og d aviiag xai 6 rFag&sptog 
a^azog' «(p ov eX'&oizs av, si rov^AXvv dta^airjze* 10. 'jEyco fih 
ovv ov x^^^^^V^ ^f***' eJvai vofii^m rijp nogsiav aXXa navrdnami 
idvpator, ^Av di nXirirs^ sanv iv^evds filv sig Sivom^ip naganXhP 

LIB V. CAP. VI. 123 

scu^ «c 2!tPoijTfjg ds elg 'HqanXBiav ' i^ 'HQaKhiag di ovte ne^y ov- 
re xccra ^dXarrav anoQia noXXa * yaq aal nXola iativ iv 'HQaxXeitt, 

1 1. *E7f€i ds ravta sks^ev, ol [isv vntin^tvov cftXlag svexa rJjg 
KoQvXa Xiysiv ' xal yag qv ngo^evog avt(p ' oi de ycai cog dojga 
Xr^ofisrov dia tj^v avf*^ovXriv TavTTjv ' ol d^ vnconttvov k«J tcv- 
tov tveaa Xhyuv <hg firj ne^ri lovisg Tt]v 2ltv(07iioov zi xtaqav xaxof 
igyd^oivto, 01 If ow '^EXXtjpeg i\^t](pi(javjo xata &aXatrav rtjf 
TiOQEiav noma&ai. 12. Mexa ravta Sevocpmv eJfzev '^ 2(V(o* 
TiEig, ol filv avdgeg ^Qtjvrai nogeiav r^v vfieig tyvfi^ovXeveze * ovtoa 
5' s)[ei' elfisv TzXoia eaea&ai ftsXXei Ixara agi&fi^ dog sva (li^ yata" 
XeiTxea&at ir&dds, rj/AsTg av nXioipiBv ' ei ds fisXXoifjiev ol fiiv y^ataXsi- 
xpso&ai ot ds nXsvasa&aiy ovx av ifi^airjfiev elg la nXoXa, 13, 
riyvdaytofjisv yaq on onov fisv dv xQatosfieVy dwalfiS'S^ av xaJ 
cco^^ea'&ai xaJ td smt^deia syuv ' el da nov yttovg t^v noXsfiicop 
Xtiq)&/]<76fis^a, svdr^Xov drj on sv dvdQanodoiv x^Q^ iaofied^a. 
14. 'u4xovaapjeg ravza oi Ttgsa^etg ixtXavov ns^nsiv TtQia^sig* 
Ka\ TzefATtovai KaXXlfia^ov ^Agndda xat ^AQiaKova 'A&rivalov xaJ 
^afioXav ^Ayaiov. Ka\ ol fAsv c[)xovro. 

15. ^Ev dl rovTCp T(^ XQ^^^ SsvoqpoSvn, ogrnvri fisv bnXitag 
noXXovg t6ov'EXXT}v<m>y ogrnvti ds xal nsXtaistdg noXXovg kou Tol^orag 
xal ccpsdovqrag }ia\ inTtiag ds xaJ fidXa f^drj did ri^v jgifirjv Ittavohg^ 
Snag 5' ir t^ Ilovio^f, (sv&a ovx dv an oXiyoav xQ^f^dtoDv TOffavrtf 
dvvafiig TtaQBGxsvda^tjf) aaXov avrw idoaei sJvai Kai x^Q^^ ^^^ 
dvyafiiv tJj ' E/.Xddi TiQogatr^tjaa&ai noXiv xatoixiaavtag, 16 Kal 
yevsa-dai dv avrq) sdoxsi fieydXrif xataXoyi^ofisvqt to re avrmv nXrjd'og 
Hal rovg nsQioixovvrag rov IJovtov, Kal Inl rovroi^ i&vero ngiv rivi 
tiTzeiv r^v ffTQanwrSv 2!iXavov TtaQaxaXetjag rov Kvqov ndvriv ye* 
viiiievov Tov *^fA^Qaxioiri]v. 17. ' ds JEiXavog dedimg^tj ysvrjtai ravta 
xa) xaTafisivri nov ri aiQatid, exopsgei elg to atgdrevfia Xoyov oti Se- 
voq)6iv ^ovXstai xatafisTvai rtjv arQatidv xai noXiv olxlaai xal 
iavTfii ovofia xal dm^a^uv TreQtTTOiijaaO'O'at* 18. Avrog If 6 2t- 
Xarog i^ovXero on tdxi(5ta elg rrjv'EXXdda dquxia^ai ' ovg ydg nagd 
Kvqov sXa§e rgigxiXiovg dageixovgy ote rag dtxa rjftsQag *iXrf&ev<js dv- 
o/Mvog KvQop, dieaeaoixei. 19. T^v ds aTQazKOTav, ene) l^xovaav, toTg 
uiv idoxei ^sXnarov ehai xara/ielvai, roTg ds noXXolg ov, Tifiaaif9fd% 
i Joifiavtvg xai Qtoqal^ 6 Boioitiog nqbg ifinoQovg tivdg naqirra^ 

a24 expeditio cyri. 

rwy * HQuxleosToif xal Sivconitov Xiyovaiv on ni (Ji ixnogiovffi rj 
(jTQarin fiiaOov mgte ?)^eiv ra initrfieia innXsortag, on xipdvvevaa 
fjitinu ToaavTtj dviufxig Iv tcp Iloprq}' ^ovXevetai yag Sevoqi^ 
\at i,fiug TTUQaxaltT, STZfidav sX^ji ta nloia, iota eiTTeiP e^aig)f7^g 
2\( aTQuzm' 20. Av^qei^, vvv itlr oq^iaev tjfAug anoqovg ovrag xai 
h Tcp uTTOTiX'j} t/Hv Tit iTiiitfitia x«i &ig otxade ana'k^ovTa^ ovr-- 
aui n Tovg oixoi. El de ^ovXea&e jTj^' xvxX(p /ca^«tf r^^Qi tof 
IlovTov olxovfjitpi]g ixls^dfitvoi ont] av ^ovXija&e xaraajf^ry, xal 
TOP fifv lOiXovta anitvai oixade, tbrde i&sXovza fispeiv avtov^nXoXa 
5i v^lv naQBCTiv, (Sgte onii av ^ovXtja^E i^aicpvtjg av inimaoiTB. 

21. *u4xov6avreg tavta oi ifjiTioQOi ani^yyeXXov talg noXeav 
f7vrt7T6fi\pe ^ avToTg Tifiaaimv 6 /laQdavtvg 'Egvfiaj^ov za top 
daQdavta xal Ocoqaxa tov Botxortov ta ait a tavta fgovrrag, 
2iv(07Ttig 8s xai ^HgaxXeajai ravza axovtyavteg nsfiTtovai ngog top 
Tifiuamva xai xeXevovai nQOOxaievaai Xa^ovza y^qriiAata onong 
exTzXsvari tj atQaiid. 22. ' bi daiiBvog dxovaug iv avXXoycp rm 
at{iaii(070dv ovtcov Xeysi tdde ' Ov dei nqogi^eiv fiovy, ca av8Qeg, 
oide t7jg 'EXXddog ovdev tisqI nXsiovog noiua^ai, ^Axovfa de tivag 
d^vsa&ai in) lovzcp ovS vfiTv Xiyovtag. 23. ^ Tniayivoviiai de vfuf 
dv ixTtXitjTBf dno vovfirjviag fiia^ocpogav naqi^tiv Kv^ixtjvot 
ixdarcp tov fjiijvog' xai a^oo vfidg alg Tf^v Tgoadda^ Iv&ev xai el fit 
qivydg ' xa\ vndg^H vfuv fj ijji/j noXig ' ixovteg ydg ^fc dt^ovtai, 
24. 'Hyt^dofiai ds avrog iyto Iv&ev ttoXXo, iQi'iiiaja XtjxptaO^e, "^Efi- 
Tiei-Qog di elfii rrjg u4loXi8og xai tijg 0Qvyiag xal iT^g Tgaudoii ?<«< 
Tijg 0aQva§dl^ov aQXfjg ndorig ' ta fiev 8ia to ixeiO^av sJvai, tu di 
dia to avvEaTQazaya&ai, iv avty ahv KXadQX(^ ta xai, /dtgxvXXida. 

25. ^Avaarag S av&ig OooQa^ o Boioitiog og dai nfrg) orgaiti 
yiag Savocp^vii ifidy^ato, aq)ti, al i^eX'&oiav ix tov IJovtov, eatai^ut 
avtolg XeQQOvr^aov x^Q^^ xaXifV xal avdalfiova, (ogta frjji />or/.o- 
uevq^ ivoixtiv, r(p 8s f^rj ^ovXofiivt^ dmivai oixa8a ' yaXoiav 8' tlua, 
iv t^' EXld8i ovarig xdqag noXXrig xal dq)&6vov, iv t\i l^uQ^dgm 
uaaravaiv. 26. "Egta 8' avj acpfj, ixal ysvrja&a, xdyo) y,a{^dmQ 
Tifiaaioav vTiiaxvovfiai vfuv tijv fiiad'oqjOQdv, Tavta 8' tXtyt^ 
El8G)g a Tifiaaimvi ol 'HQaxXa^zat xai oi Hivmnaig inayyaXoiizo 
ngte ixnXatv. 27. * 8a Aavocp^v iv tovtqp iaiya, 'Avaatag 8l 
4^iXiciog xal Aixtav oi 'Ax^iol aXayov mg deifov eii^ idiq: tm 

LIB. V. CAP. VI. 12ft 

£Wogp(orTfX rtBi^m te natafMPeiv xou "dvsa&ai vniq t\g iiovrig ju^ 
Koipovfievov tlji atqaria' €tV ^^ '^o noivov fjirjdev ayogeveiv nsqi 
TovTOov ' (Sgre ^rnyxda{^Tj 6 S£voq)mv araarijvai xa) dnuv tddB' 

28. 'Eyoj, o3 avdgegf ^vofiai fiiv mg OQure bnoaa dvvafiai xou 
vnfQ vfiojv xai img ifiavtov, onoog ravra tvy^avta xaJ Xiycav xaJ 
po^v Ku) TiQctTTtav oTtoia fjielXu vfuv tb nakXixsra. hoi aQiata 
eoeod^ai huI ifiol, Kai vvv iO'vofifj^ TteQt avTov tovtov si aueivop 
urj oQxsad'ai Xiysiv etg vfidg nal nQatxBiv tzsqi zovt(op rj navtdna^ 
ci iiridi dntead^ai tov nqayiAatog, 29. 2iXavog de fjioi 6 fioivtig 
anexQivato to fisp piiyKstov, t« Uqo. yioka eh'ai * ^dsi yag xai ifu 
ovu ajiBiQov ovta dia to del naQslvai roig isQoiii ' eXets 8e on bp 
roTg iBQOig (pairotro rig dolog xai btzi^ovX^ ifzol, (og dqa yiyvatyxoDf 
Oft avTog stis^ovXbvb dia^dXXBiv fiB Tzgog vfidg, ^E^rivey-AB yaq top 
Xoyop <ag iy&t Tzgdrtetp zavTU diapootfiTjp fjdt] ov TZBiaag vfidg* 
30. 'Eydi) ds 61 [XBV ioigmv dnogovvtag vfidg, tovz av iamnovp dcp 
ov av ysvoiTO (Sgzs Xa^ovzag vfidg ttoXip zov fisv ^ovXofisvov duo- 
nXsTv ^8rj, zov di firj ^ovXoiiBVOv, iftel xz'^aaizo Ixavd Sgzs xai 
zovg iuvzov oixeiovg a^cpEXrjisal zi. 31. 'Enel f 6g^ vfuv aai zd 
nXola nifinovzag 'HgaxXsoizoig aai ZivfonBig &gzB SHTtXetP, xou 
lua^op vniaxvovnivovg vfuv avdgag dno vovfAtiviagt xaXov iioi do- 
xeT Blvai ooD^Ofitvovg iv^a ^ovXofis&a fjiia&ov zijg <y(ozTjgiag Xafi^d- 
veip . xai avzog ts dvanavofiui ixsivijg zrjg havoiag, xai bnoaoi 
TQog BfiB ngogr^B<sap, XiyovzBg (ag xgh '^ccvta ngdzzeiv, dvanavaa* 
a&ai (ptjfn ig^POLi, 32. Ovzfn ydg yiyvtoaxta ' ofiovfjiBv ovzBg ttoXXo] 
mgTiBQ pvvi SoxbTzb av fjioi xal ivrijioi bIvui xou iy^Biv zd STZiz^dBia * 
iv ydg z^ xgazBiv iati xal zo Xafi^dvBiv zd z&v r^zzovmv ' dia- 
GTtaa&BvzBg S dv xaJ xctzd uixgd yBvofitvtig ztjg dvvdfjiBoog ovz ap 
zQoq)i]v dvvai6&B XafJi^dvBip ovzb x^ugovzeg dv dnaXXd^aizB. 33. 
/IoxbI ovv [loi dnsg vfuv, ixTzogBVBaO-ai Big zijv 'EXXd8a • xal lav 
ztg fjuivri ri dnoXindv ziva Ajyqp^j ^Q'^ **' d(sq)aXBT Blvai ndv zo 
(TTgdrBVfia, xgivtaOai avtbv mg ddixovvza, Kai oz(p doxH, Igpjy, 
lavza, dgdzao zr^ ^^''Q^^ ^AvizBivav anavzBg, 

34. 'O ds ^iXavog i^oa, xal BTtB^BlgBi XiyBiv cog dixaiov stTj 
imtvai zov ^ovXojibvov, 01 ds azgazmzai oix ^veixovzo, dXX 
^tibIXovp avz^ ozi tl Xfj\l)OPzai aTtodidgdaxovza, zijv dixrjv im{)^iq' 
tfOMT. 36. *EprBvd'Bp im. iypmaap ol 7f(^xil€mai oti i'Mi^t 



iiedoyfiEvov Bit] yd Sevoq)mv avrog BTzexpijipixoig sitj, ta fjuv nl.Bla 
niiinovai, to, be /(>///««t«, a vniaxovto Tifiaaioovi xal 0oa^axi 
ixpEvafiH'oi riaav trig fitxr&ocpoQdg. 36. ^ EvtavOu di ixTzeTiXt^yfAtPOi 
r^aap xal idtdoixtaav r^v ajqatiav ol trjv {iiai^oqiOQOiV vntaxTiiiivoi, 
IlaQaka^ovTEg ovv uvzoi nai tovg u).).ovg <5tQarrjyovg oig uvi-xeHoi- 
vmvjo a nQOiSx^tv t^guTrov, {^noivteg S l^auv TzXrjv NioDvog rov 
*Aaivalov, og XstQiaoqjCp vneaTQati^yBi, XeiQtaocpog de ovnco naqriv^ 
€QXorrai ngog Sevocp^rta, yai XiyovGiv oit fietafiiXot avjolg, xai 
SoxotTj xQoizKjTor thai nXuv Big ^amv, inei nXoTa lazty xou 
TtaraaxBiv rr^v 0aGiavmv j^dgav, 37. u^ujtov d* vhdovg itvYiavt 
BaaiXevoav avtav. Stvoq^^v S anexQirato on oldlv ar tovtcw 
siTTOi sig ti^y aiQatidv' vfitig ds avXXsS^avreg, sept], ei ^ovXsa^e 
7Jyete. 'Evrav&a dnolieUvvTai Tifiaaicov 6 /tagdavEvg yifoifitjv 
ovu ixaXtjmd^eiv, dXXd rovg avtov txaatov Xoxccyovg tiqwiop 
fretQd(j&ai nei^eiv. Kai dnfX&ovreg ravta ETtoiovv. 


1. Tavta nir ol ctQUtmrai dvEnv^ovto TTQatrofAeva. Kcu i 
NecDV XtyEi dag S'^vocpojv utaTreTiEixmg tovg dXXovg OTQazijyovSf 
diaroeiTai. ayEiv TOvg atqaricotag E^anatijoag naXiv eig ^daw. 

2. ^A'AOVisavtEg 8f ol czQanmtai ia7.t7T^g ecpEQOV xal avXXoyoi 
eyiyrovTO y,a) xvxXoi avnaiavto ' xal fidXa cpo^sgoi rjoav firj noi. 
fiaeiav oia xa) tovg imv KoX^fov xriQvxag inoitjGav xa) tovg dyO' 
gavofiovg • ocjot ruQfuj slg t7;v &dXatrav xateqivyov xateXsva&rjaaf. 

3. 'Enst de 'Qa&aveto SEvocp^v ido^Ev avtt^ (og td^iata cwaya- 
ysTv avtav dyoQctv, xat fit] idaai GvXXEyrivai avtofidtovg* xoa 
exeXevge top xriQvxa avXXhyEiv ayogdv, 4. Oi 5' inei tov xi^Qvxog 
f^xovaav avvidQatiov xa) fidXa eroffitag, 'Evtav,d'a Sevoq^mv twi 
liev GtQatriy^v ov xattjyoQEi, oti tjXd^ov TiQog avtov, Xeysi de mde' 

5. */4xovco tiva dia^dXXstv, ca dvdgeg, EfXE cog iym aga e^ana^ 
r^trag v^dg fi8'XX<a dyEir sig ^daip. ^^xovaate ovp fjtov nqoi 
dEOiv ' xuf fdv fih fyd) (faivtofiai ddtxojv, oi XQ^ f^^ Evd^tvds dneX- 
&Eiv TZQfv dv 5w dixriv ' IV S vuTv cpaivavtai ddixovpzeg oi ffti 
Hia^aXXovteg, ovttog avtolg xoh^^^ mgnEQ a^iop, 6. 'T/weft i 
Apt;, tcte diJTTOv od^Bv ^Xiog avitsxEi xai onov dvsrai ' xoi oti ia$ 

LIB. V. CAP. VII. 127 

aiv Tig Hg triv EXXdda fieXXri lepm, nqog ianiqav dei TiOQSvsad'ou ' 
r^v d8 Tig ^ov).r^Tai slg Tovg ^UQ^aQOvg, roviATtakiv nqog sea. '^Egtiv 
ovv ogtig tov€9 civ dvvaiTO vnu^ H^anaT^aai ojg f/Xiog hi^tv fxip 
u%!(5iu, dvezai 8e ivTUv&a, ivd'ev ds dvsTat, apiax^i ^ ivtsvd^tv ; 
7. ^AlXa ft)]v KOI Tovzo ye iniaTUts^B oti ^oQsag fisv i^m tov Uop' 
^ov elg TTjp 'EXXdda q)tQei, vorog ds Etata sig ^aaiv ' ttal XtyeTS^ 
OTav ^OQQoig TTpdi] tog aaXol nXot bigiv slg z^y 'EXXdda. Tovio 
ovp B(7nr onmg Tig ap vftag i^anuTriaai mgT i/i^aiP8iv bnotap 
voTog TrpFtj ; 8. ^AXXa yaq onozav yaXi^pij J i/A^i^m. Ovxovv iym 
flip ip ipi nXolm nXevaofiai, vfjieig de TovXdxKJTOv iv bhutov, Tlojg 
ap OVP f7<» § ^laaaiiiTpf viiag gvp ifioi nXeip fit] ^ovXofispovg ^ 
i^anaTYiaag dyoifif ; 9. /loica 5* Vfiag i^aTrazrj&tPTag aou xaTuyo- 
fjTev&evTag vn ffiov i^ksip elg <l^aaip ' xal dij xat dno^aivofier eig 
Tfiv y((OQap* yvoioead-e di^nov oti ovk ip rj ^EXXddt ioTe' xal iym 
piev effOfJiai 6 i^tjnaTijiimg elg, vfieTg da oi H^rjnarTjfjiepoi iyyvg fiv- 
Qiaov e^opzeg onXa. /Tcu;,' ap ovp elg dvln fidXXop doirj diaijp rj ov- 

T<0 7T€q) aVTOV TB HOl Vfl^P ^OvXBVOflBPOg ; 10. 'u^X OVTOl Blfflf 

oi Xoyoi dpdQoop xal rjXid'ioDP xai ifio) (p&opovpzmpy oti iyo) vcp vfimp 
TifAKifiat, Kaitoi ov diTtaitag y ap fioi cp&opoiBP. Tiva yaq av 
tmv iyw ^iOjXvco rj Xiyeiv ei Tig ti dya&op dvvazai ip vjup, ^ f^d^B- 
G&ai Bi Tig i&eXei vtibq vfimp tb nai iavrov, 7} iyQrjyoqipai- nBQi Trig 
vfiBTBQag dacpaXBiag enifiBXofiBPOP ; Ti ydq ; aQ^oPTag aiQOVfiBPoop 
hfi^v iyoi tipi ifinoddp Bifii ; IlaQirjfii, aqy^^Tm ' fiopov dya&op ti 
nomp vfjidg q)amG&(o. 11. ^u4XXa yag ifiol fiep dgxei tibqi tov- 
Tcav TO. siQTjfjiBva ' Bi ds Tig vfi^p tj avTog il^anaTTj^ijpai av oiezai 
tavra, ^ dXXop iSafiaTtjaai TavTa, Xiyoup didaaxBTw. 12. '^Otup 
ds TOVT(ov dXig sxfjTS, fitj drreXd'rjTB ttqIv ap dnovatjtB oiop oqoo ip 
TYi (jTQatia dg^ofiBPOP nQayfia ' el eneiGi xaJ ecTai olov vnodei- 
yivvGVPy aga ^fiiv ^ovXevsG&ai vneg r^fimp avTmp fjitj xdxiGToi tb xai 
aiaxi<5toi dpdgeg aTtocpaivoifiB&a xai ngog &bcov aal ngog dpd^goo- 
noDV aal q)iX<op nai TzoXafiioap yta) xaTaq^govq&^fiBv. 13. 'A'aov- 
GavTBg ds TavTa oi OTguTioiTai i/^avficcadv tb rt tnj nal Xiysiv 
iuf'Xsvoy. ^Ex tovtov uQ/eraf TidXiP' 'EmaTaad's nov oti ^(O()tof 
ijf iv ToTi &^<5i ^ciQ^agixcCy qjiXia ToTg KegaaovvTioig^ o&bp xaTiov' 
reg Tiveg xai Ugeia iTciXovv fj^uv xal &XXa odp el)^ov. ,^oxovai di 
uai ifimp Tt$^Bg Big to iyyvTaTOD yoagiov TOVTmv iX\ >6vtsq ato 


Qaffavzig ri ndXiv ansX^m. 14. Tovto xaTafiaOmr KXeaQert^ c 
loxcLybg oti xai iaixqov etrj xai ucpvXaxtw dia to cpiXiov vofjii^fif 
thai, egxetai e/t airohg ttjg vvxtbg tag noQ&iiaviv, ovdsn iifimw 
Hndv. 15. jdievsvcTjJO ds, si Xd^oi rods to xaaqiov, slg filv to 
^TQOLtsvua iJiTjatTi iXd^sh', in^ag S slg nXoXov iv cp itvyxapoip oi 
iTvaxtjfoi aitov TioQanXsovteg, xai iv^sfuvog si ti Xd^oi, anonXitof 
oiX^G&at €^01 tov UovTov. Kai ravta awcufAoXoyr^tjap avt^ ol ex 
tov TtXolov Gvaxrjvoi, mg iyta vvv ala&dvofiai- 16. IlaQaxaXtaag 
ovv onoaovg snsii^sv riysv sm to i^qiov* UoQevofjisvov de aitof 
(p{^dv6i ^fifQU yevofievTif xal avtjtdvtsg oi dy&QCDTioi aTto la^VQ^f 
tOTTOov ^dXXovteg xal natovtsg tov ts KXedgstov dnoxrslvovm xoH 
toSv aXXmv av^vovg ' oi dd tivsg xou slg Ksqaaovvta avt^v dno- 
X0)Q0V6i. 17. Tavta S^ ^v iv r^ Vf^Q^ ll 'tf^^^^ dsvQO i^toQfjimfiSf 
ns^' Tav ds nXsovtmv stt tivsg rjaav iv KsQaaovvti^ ovnan 
urrjyfjievoi. Msta tovto, tog ol Ksgaaovvtioi Xiyovmv, a^xvovv- 
tai tmv ix tov x^qIov tQslg avdQsg t^v ysQattegfov TiQog to xoi- 
vov to rjfiBTSQOv XQV^^^'^^S iXd'dv. 18. ^Etzsi 8s TjfjCag ov xatsXa^ov, 
fiQog tovg KsQaaovvtiovg fXsyov oti &avfid^otsv ti rjfuv do^sisv 
iX&siv im avtoig' ^Ens\ fisvtoi aq)sig Xiysw, sqiaaavy on ovx dno 
xoivov yivoito to ngdyiJia, rjdsad^ai ts avtovg xal fisXXsiv iv&dds 
tiXsiVf dg r^fiiv Xe^ai ta ysvogisva xal tot g vsxQOvg xsXsvsiv avtovg 
^dntsiv Xa^ovtag tovg tovtov dsofisvovg^ 19. Tojv ^ dnoqivyiv- 
tcDV tivsg 'EXX^vtav stvypv sri ovtsg iv Ksqacovvti ' alo'&ofisvoi di 
tov9 ^aq^dgovg onoi loisv avtoi ts itoXftr^aav ^dXXsiv toig Xi&oig» 
xal tovg aXXoig naQSxsXsvovto, Kai oi dvdQsg aTio^vi^axovGi 
tQSig ovtsg oi Tigia^eig xataXsva&svtsg. 20. 'Ensl ds tovto iyevsto, 
tQXOvtai TXQog ^fidg oi Ksgaaovvtioi xal Xsyovai to TtQayfia ' xai ij- 
fisig oi atqatriyo) dxovoavtsg ijx&ofisd^d tstoig ysysvrniivotg xal i^oth 
XsvofAS&a avv toTg KsQatjovvtioig onmg dv taqisitjaav oi tav ^EXXtj- 
v(oy vsxQoi. 21. ^vyxa&^/isvoi If s^m&sv t^v onXfov i^aicpvr^g dxovO' 
(iiv ^OQv(iov noXXov flais naitf ^ii/./.c ^dXXs, Kai td^a d/j ogmfiSf 
noXXohg jiQog&iovtag Xi^ovg s^^vtag iv taig X^^ffJ, tovg da xai 
dvatQOvuivovg. 22. Kai oi fisv KsQaaoivnoi dg dv xal ioDQaxorsg ti 
TzaQ iavtoig TiQayfJia, deiaavzsg dnoxcoQOvai TiQog ta TiXoia, ^Haaf 
di vrj Jta xal rjfJiAv o* idsiaav, 23. "Eyoiys fjiijv JjX&ov ngog aitovi; 
u€U iiQcittov ti tail to 7iQdyfia» Tm f tiaavfuv o*i ovdsr ^eaot. 

LIB. V. CAP. VII. 129 

OfM^ 5« Xi&ovg elxov iv raig ;f€^(r(i'. ^ETiel ds aj9ore tm aVari^oj', 
Xsysi fiot 071 oi ayoQCivofioi deivorara Tioiovai to atQarevfia, 
24. *Er zovTOfi Tig bqa tov ayoQavofiov Zrikaqy^ov nqbg rtjv d^d- 
Xattav anc^rnQOvvra^ }{ai avexQayev ' ot 8^ dg Tqxovaav, tognsQ tj 
avog uygiov rj Aaqpov ijpuvtvTog uvtai in aizov. 25. 01 If uv 
KeQaaovvTioi tog eldov OQfimvrag -aa^ avzovgy aaq)mg vofii^ovteg 
im aq}ag lea&ai, q}Svyovai dQOfKp aal ifimnrovaiv Eig t}jv d^dXatrav, 
2^vveigeneffov de xal TjfioJv avrmv rivsg, ytal inviyeto ogrig vdv fjiij 
fzvy^avBv imazdfjievog, 26. Kui rovtovg ti doyalte ; rfiUovv iiiv 
ovdiv, s8ti6(iv de fiTi Xvzza tig agnsQ xvon tjfiiv ifji7ZE7tt(6xot. Ei 
ovv tavza toiavra eazai, d-fdaaad^s oia tj xatdataaig rjfiiv iatM 
tJjg azQazidg, 27. 'T/ieig fiiv ol ndvTeg ovx saead^s kvqioi ovt 
dveXso&ai noXefiov (j) dv (iovXtja&e ovze xataXvaai' idia ds 6 ^ov- 
XofiBvog d^ti atgdtevfxa eqp* o ti dv ^sXy, Kdv tiveg nqog vfidg 
itaai TZQsa^ug tj eiQi^vTjg deofisvoi tj dXXov tivog, aataxavovteg tov- 
tovg 01 ^ovXoi^svoi noiriaovaiv vfidg tmv Xoyoav firj dxomai tmv 
fiQog vfidg iovtcov. 28. "EnEita ds ovg filv dv vfieig dnavteg bXtj- 
a&e agxovzag, iv ovdefiid x^Q^ eaovzai ' ogtig f dv iavtov eXTjtai 
atQaiTjyov xai i&eXri Xtytiv BdXXe ^dXXe, ovtog satai ixavog xat 
SiQXOvta xazaxavEiv xai idioizTjv ov dv vfxmv i&eXy axQitov, tjv aaiv 
oi Tteiaofievoi aiz^y mg7iE(} xal vvv iysveto. 29. Ola ^ vfiTv xai 
dianenQaxotoiv ol aid^aiQsroi ovzoi otQcttTiyoi (rxeipaa&e, Zi^Xag- 
ypg fiiv yoQ 6 dyoQavofiog ei fxiv ddixei vfidg^ oixetai dnonXsoav oi 
dovg vfuv 8ixTjv ' el de fiTj ddixsi, (psvyet ex tov azQatevfjiatog dei- 
*sag fiTj adixag dxQitog dnoOdvd. 30. 01 de xataXevaavteg tovg 
ngsc^eig dieTzgd^avto vfiTv fiovoig fisv tmv'EXXTjvonv elg KegacFovvTa 
l*rj dffq^aXsg ehai av fiij avv loxvi dcpixveits&ai ' tovg de vexgovg 
ovg fZQoa&sv avtoi ol xataxavovteg exeXevov ^dnteiv, tovtovg 
dierrgd^avto firide avv xTjQvxi(p hi dacjjaXeg elvai dveXia&au Tig 
yd() eO'eXfjaei xj^qv^ itvai xi^gvxag aTzextovoag ; 31. *u4X}l iiiieXg 
KeQuaovvzicov d^dxpai avtovg idej^d'rjfjiev, Ei fiev ovv tavra xaX^g 
ixei, do^dtoa vfiiv' ha cog totovtoav eaofiivcov xa\ (pvXaxTiv idia 
nou^ffrj tig xa\ td egvfivd vneqdi^ia neiQatai fi^oiy gxtjvovv, 
32. Ei uivtoi Vfuv doxei ^tiqioov dXXd fiTj dv&Qmnmv ehai td toi- 
avta egya, axoneite navXdv tiva avroiv ' ei de ju^, TZQog /ieotf 
tgmg ti d'eotg &v60fiBp tideatg noiovvteg Igya dae^r^M ^ moX^im^^ 


ncoi: f/uj^ovfisOa, t/v a/llz/Aoiv xazaxaifrnfief ; 33. HSXig d« f^ikia 
T/V i7i«!>* dt^ETiu, fjTii; uv OQft ToaavTT^p avofiiav iv fjfjiTv ; ^Ayoqa* 
bl ti\; wjte VuQQm', i]v ne(H la fieytata roiavta i^afiaQtdvovisg 
^cav(ofAt\>a ; Ov di dtj naftmv olofit&a tev^ed&ai inalvov, rig 
U.V iifAitg ToiovTOvg ovrag inaiviafiev ; ^fisTg fiev yoQ olb^ on novri 
qovg av qjalr^ftev elf at rovg ta roiavra Ttoiovifiag. 

34. 'Ex Tovtov anaidfiFvoi ndvTeg iXeyov rohg fuv jovtosv 
ifi^avrag dovvai dixrjVf rov ds Xoinov fAtjxtzt i^stvai avofuag aQ^ai ' 
iav dt Jtg UQi^rif ayea&ai avtovg ml ^avdrop' rovg ds azQatt^ovg 
tig dixag ndvrag xataattiaai ' thai be bUag xaJ et ti dXXo rig 
fjdixtjto e| ov KvQog dnf&ave * dixaarag ds rovg Xoj^ayovg inoifi- 
aavio. 35. TlaQaivovvrog ds Ssfoq)mvrog xou r&v /xdyrsoav GVfi- 
^ovXsvovjcav sSo^s xal Ka&rJQai rb crqdrsviia. Kou iysvsro xa- 


1. *^Edo^s ds xai rovg atgarriyovg dixr^v vnoaxtip rov notQsXrj- 
Xv^OTog )^q6vov. Kai didovrmv 0iXi^(jiog fAsv mqiXs xai Sav&ixXrjg 
riqg cpvXaxtjg rmv yavXixmv '^Qtiudrmv to fjitimfia etxoai [ivng. 2o 
cpairsrog ds, on Sqx^^ ulgeO^sig xaTJjfitXety dixa fivag. Ssvocpm' 
Tog de xarrjyoQrjadp Tivtg q)Ciaxovteg Tzaiea&ai vn avrov xai oSf 
v^QiXovrog r/jv xarriyoQiav InOiovvto. 2. Kai 6 Ssvoq)6iv apaarai 
ixsXevasv slnsTv rov ngmrov X^lSavra nov xai inXi^r]. *0 
ds dnoxQivsrai' "Om.v xcu rep Qiyti aTraXXvfjis&a xal j^ecoy tiXsi- 
art] ^v. 3, ' O d' slntv * 'AXXa ii\v xai Y^stji^vog ys ovrog olov 
\.sysigt alzov ds sniXsXomotogj oivov ds urj^ oacpgaivsa&ai Tragof, 
vno ds 7i6v(ov noXXojv dnayoQtvovt&iVf 7roXe/Jii<ov ds snofisvaavy si if 
roiovz(p xaiQ^ v^qi^ov, oftoXoym xai rmv ovmv v^qiaroregog ehcu ' 
oig cpaffiv vno t^g v^Qsoag xonov ovx iyyiyvsa&ai, 4. Ofimg ds xa\ 
Xs^ov, tqiTji sx rivog inX/jyfjg. UotSQOv r^rovv qs ti xai insi fiot owe 
ididoag snaiov ; dXX aTiiQtovp ; dXXa ttsqi naidixoiv fiaxofjisfog^ 
aXXa fjis&voov fTragepvrjaa ; 5. *Emi ds rovrmv ovdsv sq)t](T£y infi 
Qsro avtov si onXirsvoi. Ovx sq)tj. UdXiv si nsXrd^oi, Ovdi 
wovr scpii ' aXX tjiiiovov iXavvnv, ra^dstg vno rmv avcxi^ptot iXsi- 
^9Q€g &v. 6. *Evrav&a dij 4^ayiyv(aax9' aifrop aal ^Qsto ' ^H 

LIB. T. CAP. TlIK 134 

9v eJ 6 tbv xdfjipovia andyoiv ; Nai (la /1i\ iqtrj ' av yaq f^vdyxa' 

didoQixptg, icf.ri o Se$ocfj6Jv, loiavrtj tig iysvsjo. /Jisdooaa aXXoig 
uveiv aal ixslsvGu TiQog if^e dnayayuv ' xal dnoXa^&iv dnavza 
aoja antdaxu aoi, inei xaJ at; ifAoi ansdsi^ag zov avdqa. Olov 
di TO TtQuyfta iyevsto dxovaat€y ecpr^ • aal yaq a^iov. 

8. ^AvriQt xatsXeinsio 8ia to fjirjxeTi dvvaa&ai noQevEC^au 
Kal iya top ftiv dvdqa ToaovTov iyiyvoaaxov oti slg i^ftrnv tuj ' 
^t^dynaaa de qe tovtov aysiVy dog fiij dnoXoiTo ' nai yog, (og iym 
elftai, 7ioXf}iLOi ijfiiv iq^dnovTO, 9. 2!vvtq)rj tovto 6 av&Qfanog. 
OvKoi'v, icpr] 6 Atvoqi^v, inBi TiQovTzefixfjd ae, HaTaXafi^dvoi avdig 
avv Tolg oniadoqivXa^i nqogiiiv ^6&qov OQVTTOVTa (og aaTogv^ovra 
TOP dv&qmnov ' nal imcTug inr^ovv ae. 10. 'Enel 8e ^ra^fcmyxo- 
T<av tjfiojp avvtyiUfjixpe to cxskog 6 dvijQ, dvexQuyov oi naqovTBg oti 
f ^ 6 uvriQ • ai) S sineg * ' OnoGu yi ^ovXeTai dog iyooys avTOv ovx 
a|(o. 'Evrav&a inaiad 68 ' dXti&tj Xiyeig • sdo^ag ydg (ioi eidoTi 
ioixivai on el^tj. 11. Ti ovv ; scprj, t^TTOv ti anid^avBVy iTiel iyoi 
aoi dntSei^a avTOv ; Kal yaq tjf^sig, eq)rj 6 Sevoqtoov, ndvzeg dno- 
^avovfi£&a' TOVTOV ovv svsxa ^oovTag tjfjtdg del xaTOQVj^d^ijvai ; 
12. TovTov fiiv dvsxQayov ndvTeg <og oXiyag naioeiev • aXkovg ds 
intXeve Xsyeiv 8ia ti sxaaTog inXriyri, 'Ensl ^ ov% dvioTavrOy 
avTog sXeyEv. 

13. ^Eym, co avdQEgy OfioXoydo ndtaai d/j dvdoag Bveney aTa- 
^lag oaoig ad^ea&ui fisv rJQxei di ijfidg, iv Td^ei tb Iovtoov xal 
putiOfABVcov onov dioi, avTol ds XmovTBg Tag Td^Big nqod^iovTBg 
agnd^Bip ij&bXov xal rj}i^v tiXbovextbTv. El de tovto ndvTBg moi- 
ovfiBv, dnavTBg av dnooXoiiB&a, 14. "^Hdtj ds xal fxaXaxi^Ofitvov 
Ttva xal ovy Bd'iXovia dvioTaa^ai dXXa tiqoXbiibvov avTOV Tolg 
TioXB/tiotg xal inaiaa xai i^iaadfjir^v noQBVBa&ai. 'Ev yaq t^ 
io^vQ^ Xsifidovi xal avTog ttotb dvafAsvoov Tivag GvaxBvaCofiivovg 
xa^B^ofJLBvog avyivov XQOVot xaTSfta&ov dvacTag fioXig xal to. axiXri 
fuTSivag, 15. 'Ev i(iavT^ ovv nBiQav Xa^ow ix tovtov xal aXXot 
OTTOTB iidoifii xa&fiiABvov xal ^XaxBvovTa, ^Xavvov to yag xivt-t- 
aO-ai xal dvdQi^Ba&ai 7iaQBty(B ^eQ/xaaiav Tiva xal vyQOTtfra * to 5b 
xa&qa-&ai xcti riav^iav iyi^Biv imgoov vnovQyov ov t^ tb dnonrjyvv* 
a^ai TO alf^a xal rep anoai^TTBa^ai Tovg toov Tiodmv daxTvXovg • 
fr«riir noXXovc xal vimg tara nad'ovTog, 16. "A^Xx^ ^» 7^ *Atft& 


inoXiifiofUvov nov dia Qa<jtoipi]f xal xtaXvorra xai vfjiag rovi 
nQoa&Bv xaJ rifjiag tovg oma&ev noQevea^ai tTtaiaa nvij ontag ^rj 
XoyxV ^^^ ^^^ noXufJimv naioiro. 17. Ka) yaq ovv fvv B^eariv avrolg 
(sm^Biaiv ei ti vn iftov ma(^ov naga ro dinaiov dinrjv Xa^eTv, El 
S im toXg noXenioig iysvopro, li fisya av ovtmg bttu^op otov ducijr 
av fj^iavv Xufi^dvBiv ; ^AnXovg fiot, Iqit], 6 Xoyog. 18. 'Eya ya(f 
Bi fiev B7T aya&^^ ixoXaad riva, al^im vtzbj^biv dixrjp olav xaJ yovsTg 
viotg yial didaaxaXoi naial. Ka) ykq oi latqoi xaiovci xal rifAVOv- 
(Jiv in aya^^. 19. Ei ds v§qbi fOfuXsTB fis tavra TiqariBiv, if- 
^vfATf'&TjTB oil, vvv iy<xi '&aQnm avv roTg x)fofe fiaXXov i] totb, xat 
d^gaavTBgog Bifii rvv y totb, xai ohov nXBiao nhco ' aXX ofAmg ov- 
dsva naico ' iv Bvdin yag ogm vfiag. 20. "Otav ds XBi^&if f ytai 
'&dXaTTa fjiBydXr] imcpBgijTaty oix ogazB on xal vBVfiarog f>i6vov bvb- 
xa xaXBTtaivBi fisp Tzgoagsvg toTg iv ngdgay yi^aXBnaivBi ds xv^Bgfri- 
Trig roTg iv ngvfivy ; * I'Miva yag iv t^ rotovtcp xai fxixga afAagrij- 
'&BVTa ndvta avvemtgixpai, 21. ''Oil 8b dixaitog btzuiov avrovg 
xal vftBig xazBdixdaats toib' Bj^ovtsg ^icptj ov jptjcpovg nagiatritB^ 
xai B^riv vfuv ijiixovgBTv avtoig, el i^ovXsa^B. 'AXXa fiu /Jia ovtb 
rovrotg irtBxovgBltB ovtb ovv ifiol lov dxaxTovvTa inaiBTB. 22. 
Toiyagovv i^ovaiav iTTouiGatt toig xaxoig avToJv v^gi^Bip imvTBg 
avTOvg. Olfiai yag, tiix^iXsTB axontiVf tovg avTOvg Bvgi^aBZBxal tois 
xaxiGTOvg xal vvv v^giaTOzdiovg. 23. Botaxog yovv 6 TivxTfjg 6 Qbt- 
TaXog TOTB fiBv diBiid^Bto, (og xdfivmv, damda firj qjigBiv ' vvv d' (og 
dxov<a KoTvmgiTmv noXXovg dnodidvxBv, 24. ^^Hv ow Gtoapgo- 
viJTSf TovTov rdvavTia noiriaBiB 7/ Tovg xvvag notovai ' TOvg fuv 
yag xvvag Tovg x^^^^^^vg Tag fisv iniigag ddiiaat, Tag ds ytJxra^ 
aqiiaai ' tovtcv Ssy tjv aoocpgovTjtBf Ttjv vvxza (liv di^asTe, riiv di 
ilfjiBQav dcpi^asTB* 25. AXXa yagj tgjiy, -^avfid^m oti bi fiiv Tin 
vfAmv dnrii^oiiriv fjiBfivi]a^B xal ov aitonazB ' bi ds rep ^ yiBifima 
i7r*>xovgi]aa ^ TioXifiiov aTtijgv^a rj dad'Bvovvn ij dnogovvTi crvfeje- 
nogiod Tt, TovToav ovdslg uifivr^Tai * ov^ BiTiva xaXmg ri noiovna 
inr^vBoa ovd* bi tiv dvdga ovTa dya&ov iTifirjoa ag idvvdfirjVy ot- 
fi« tovTcov fiiftvijad^B. 26. 'udXXa urjv xaXov yB xal dixatov xat 
aiov xal ^diov Tmv dya&oav f^aXXov ^ Tmv xaxmv fABfivria^ai, 
'Ex TOVTOV ftiv ^w avi<STavT0 xai avBiiifivriaxov ' xcu naq^ey^^f 

LIB TI. CAP. I. 133 

KTPOT u4Nu4Bu42:ESm ^. 

CAP. I. 

1. *Ex Tovtov de iv ry diatQi^'Q oi (isv anh Trig ^yoqag s^oav^ 
oi de krjlXofisvoi in tTjg Ilacplayonag, 'ExlKonevop de xal ol Ha- 
q)),ay6vsg ev [xdXa rovg aTioaxedavvvfJitvovgy xal rr/g vvTitog lov^ 
HQoaoa ay.Tjvovvtag iTtsigrnvto xayiovgyaiv ' xai noXefiixoitara nqog 
aXkriXovg bIiov in rovioav. 2. 'O ds KoQvXag, og itvyjK^ave tot« 
flacpXayoviag aQimv, mfinei nuQa rovg EXXr^vag TTQsa^sig i%oviag 
innovg xai atoXag TiaXag, Xsyovrag on KoQvXag irotfiog Birj rovg 
"EXXrivag fii^r adixeiv fii]j ddiaeiad'ai, 3. Oi ds atQatTjyol ans- 
xQivavTO on neq). fiev rovnov avv ry argana ^ovXtiaoivto, im ^ena 
df idB^ovto avrovg ' TiaQexdXsaav de nat tmv dXXmv dvdQmv ovg 
idoKOVv drAaiozdtovg shai, 4. 0v6avtsg ds ^ovg tmv alxfiaXoi- 
7(ov 'ACii dXXa hgeTa €i*a);f/«»' usv dgaovaay TzaQsTj^ov, xataxeifjiepoi 
de iv ati^doiv Iddnrovv, nal amvov ex x8Qariv(ov notriQioiVy oig 
BPBTvyj^avov iv rj Xcoqu. 

5. Etzh ds OTiovdai r iyivovro xal inaicoviaaVy dviatrfaav 
TTQmiov fifv QQKxsg xal ngog avXov (aQ'^/jaavzo ovv toXg onXoig xcti 
r^XXovTO vxprjXd re xai xovcpcog xal taig fta-jrcugaig ij^Qoovto ' tiXog df 
6 tTSQog tov bJEQov TTCiistj cog TzuGiv ido'/.u nenX^iyivai tov avdga ' 6 ^ 
fTiecfs 7t'j(yix^g ncag, 6. A'«J drixQuyov ol Flaq^Xayovsg. Kai 6 fuv 
(jxu7,tvaag id onXa roviriqov fSj'ft udcav 2itdXxav' dXXoi ds to5> 
&QtcA(av tov STtQov iSscpEQOv cog rtd'viixoza ' tjv ds ovdlv Tzsnoviyag, 
7. Mszd Tovzo Ahidvsg xai Mdyvrjtsg dveati]aav, ot cogj^ovvzo 
Zfjv xuQTzafap xaXovfiivtjv iy toig inXoig. 8. *0 ds tQonog t^^ 
6()Xf](yfi(og tjv ' 6 fisv TtuQa&tfjitvog td onXa ansiQti xui ^tvytjXatsi 
Tzixpd fAtTaazQecpoixsrog (og cpo^oi^svag' Xr^az^gds nQogsQi^rai' b8 
insiddv TZQotd/jrait dnavrd dgndaag td onXa xa) fidget ai 7i0o zov ^ev- 
yovg ' xal ovzoi tavt inoiovv iv qvi^/xco TTQog tov avXov ' xai tsXog 6 
XfiGTrjg dqaag tov civdQa xal to C^vyog dndysi ' iviots de xal 6 l^evyrj' 
Xdtijg tov Xriat^v • eh ; naQa tovg ^ovg ^ev^ag imam rw x^^'Q^ 
HedefiBvov iXavvu. ^ 



9 M^ia J0V7C MvGo*; n\'l),Otv ivexattijat^ j^eiQt lytot niktij^' 
K«/ Tore nlv ws* ^t fi uvmattofiivtav fiif^ovfASvog (oq/€ito, tots ds ov,' 
Fr()Ob' M'« fxofjto zaii ntXnag^ toii df idivsizoxai i^txv^iara e/(or tu^ 
nt),Titg ' cosTi oxpiv xaX^v q,alvb(5^ai. 10. TiXog ds to UtQarAov (oq^h- 
TO 'Aoovmv rug ntkta^', xui cJxP.aff hoi i^aviarato* 'aoi zavia ndvta 
if QvOfKp innti TZQag tov avXov. 11. 'Em de rovrq* imopteg ol Mav 
Tfjfc V xai alloi rnlg rar '^gnddrnv ai^affTcivTsg i^onXiadfitvoi tag 
fdvruvTO xakXiatct, Jtcjai^ it iv (w&fjicp ngog tov ivonXwv qvOjiop 
avlovfitvoi xa/ inuidiwav xai (OQ][/>Gapzo mgnEQ iv raig ngog lovg 
O'tovg TTQO^odoig. * OgrnvTBg de oi IlaqjXayovBg deiva inoiovvto nda»g 
tag 6QXf](yEfg iv onXoig slvai. 12. 'Em tovioig igmv 6 Mvabg 
i'ATienXriyfiivovg aviovg, ntiaag tmv '^Qxddoup tiva nenafiivof 
OQXtjGTQida elgdyEi axevdaag cog idivazo xdXXiaza xal danida dohg 
xovcpriv avzri. *H ds cJ^/^aazo Flv^gix^v iXaq)Q6og. 13. ^Evtav- 
\hc xQOTog Jjv noXvg' xai ol TlacfXayoveg fjQOvro si xal yvvalxsg 
ovvEfAuxovto avtoig, 01 d* eXeyov on avrai xal al tQBXpd^BVM 
tltv ^aaiXiu Ix tov GZQatonidov. T^ nsv ovv wxr\ zavry rovto 
to tiXog iyivezo, 

14 Ty d^ iatEQaia ngog^yov avzovg Big to atQatevfia ' xai 
tdo^s toig atQatioitaig i^rjte ddtxEiv IlacpXayovag (ii^te ddixeia&cUn 
Metd tovto ol fjiev nQta^Eig c^x^^'^^ ' ^' ^ "EXXt^veg, ineidij tzXoui 
ixavd idoxei naQtlvai, dva^dvteg inXtov ruiiqav xai vvxta TtvsvfJM' 
ti xaXc^ iv dqiazsQa exovteg zrjv UaqiXayoviav, 15. 7^ 8 aXk"^ 
dqiixvovvrai eig J^ivoinrjv xal diQfiiaavto eig */4Qfir^vtjv t^g ^ivoifz^s* 
Ziv(ontTg ds olxovai (lev iv tri UacpXayovix^, MiXricioiv 8 anoiHOi 
staiv. Ovtoi. ds ^ivt«. TzsfiTiovai toig ^EXXrjaiv aXcpiTcov fxiv fisdi 
lAVOvg tQigxiXiovg,oivov ds xEQafitaxi^icc xalfzevtaxoaia. 16. Kai 
XsiQiGoqiog ivzav&a r/X^s tQi^gsig sxoov, Kai oi fxsv ctqa* 
tmtai TZQogedoxoav dyovzd ti aq^iaiv ijxsiv ' 6 ds tjysfjisv oidsv, dnf(ji- 
ysXXs ds 07 1 inaivoiri avtovg xai 'Ava^i^iog 6 vavuQxog xal oi 
iXXoif xal oti vniGXvslto 'Aval^i^iog, tl dcpixvoivto i^ta tov Uovtw* 
liia\yoq)OQdv avtoig sGsad^au 

17. Kai iv tavtrj tJ ^AQiif^vr^ sfisivav oi atgatioitai TjfAfQttS 
nsvts. ' S^g ds tr/g 'EXXddog idoxovv iyyvg yiyvsad^aiy ijdij (jiaXXot 
fj TTQoaOev elgiQBi avtovg ontag av xal sxovtsg ti oixads dqiixmrrai 
18. ^Hfqcavto oiv, si Iva tXoivto dq^ovta^ fiaXXov ap ^ rtoXvo^ 

LIB. VI. CAP. I. 136 

jtattf owf^g dvpacdui tbv tva XQ^iaOon, r^ aTftazevfiaii xai vvxtog 
xal f^fJisQug ' aat ei ti Seoi Xav&dveiVy fiaXXov av 'AQVTitBa&ai ' xoi 
Bi ti 8foi (p&dvBiVf fiJtov dv vGTtQl^tiv ' oi yuQ dv loytov dtif 
HQog dkX/jkovg, dXXd to do^av zq) ivl neqaivta&ai dv * tov da in" 
TTQoa&ev ;f^dyoj' in jijg nxoiat^g inQattov ndvta oi aTQatrjyoi. 
19. 'S^g de tavra dievoovvro, ttqanovto im top Ssvocprnvra • xai 
31 Xo)[ayol eXsyov ngogiovteg avt^ on ^ aiQatid ovr(o yiyvdaxei 
Koi evvoiav irdeixfvfjievog fxaaiog inBi&tv avtov vnoatTivai li^p 
OQji^riP. 20. '0 da Savoq)^v ntj filv a^ovXaro lavra, vofjii^cov xai 
rijv rifiriv fiait^ea ovteag iavt^ ylyvaa&ai ngog tovg q)iXovg xal 
slg irjv noXiv zovvofia fiatt,ov d(pi^aa&ai avTov * tvxop da xcu 
aya&ov rivog av amog TJ atQatia ysvea-d'ai. 

21. Td fiav dij toiavra ivOvfjii^fiaTa inyQav avtov im&vfietp 
avTOHQaroqa yavaa&cu aQjovta. 'Onota (f av ip&vfiolto oti ddt]- 
Xop fjiap navti dp^Q<6n(p otztj to iiaXXov a^ai, did tovto da xai 
mvdwog airi xai rriv nqoaigyaafiavriv do^at ino^aXalv^ ^noQaito, 
22. /Iianoqovfjtapc^ da avt^ diaxgivai ado^a xQatiatov aJvai tolg 
^aoig dvanoivmaat* nai naQaatricdfxavog dvo lagaia i&vato t^ 
Jti T^ BaaiXai, ognag avT^ fiavtavtog riv ex JaXq^^v ' Tiui to ovoq 
dt] dno TOVTOV Tov -^aov avofxiCav aojQaxavai o tldav ota ijox^TO im 
TO cvpsmfiaXaia^ai ttjg atQatidg xad^iaiaff'&ai. 23. Kal ote «J 
'Ecpiaov da (OQfAdto KvQqj Gvata^tjoofiavog daTov dvafitfipi^tTxeTo 
iavT^ da^iop ap^ayyofiavopy xa&i^fiapov ftivtoi, <S<T7TaQ 6 fidptig 
nQonifintap avtov iXayap oti fiayag fiav oltavog aitj Tcal ovx tdioorc- 
xbg xal apdo^og^ ininovog fit v rot ' td yuQ OQvaa fidXiata imti^S" 
G&ait^ afcTQ) xa&tjfiapq^' ov fiavTOi xgrifAaTiGtixov eJpai Tot 
olnopov ' TOP ydg datop natofiapop fidXXov XafA^dvaiv td anitridaia. 
24. OvT(o dri '&vo[iap(p aift^ diacpavoig 6 ^eog aijfiaivai fJtiqTa ngog- 
dala(^ai T^g dgxijg f^tjt al aigoivto dnodaxaG&ai, Tovto fiav dii 
ovT(og iytpato. 25. 'H da atqatid avptjXi^e, xal ndvtag aXayov ipa 
aiQtTax^ai ' xai inai tovto ado^a, ngoa^dXXopto avtov. ^Enu di 
idoKSi drjXop ahai on aigi^aoptai avtov at Tig i7Ti\pTjq)i^oiy dpaaTrf 
Ha' aXa^a tdda ' 

26. ^Eym, cJ dpdgag, ^dofiai fiav vno vumv TtuoaiJievog, aiftBq 
ivd'Qionog alfii, xal x^Q^^ H^ ^^^ avxofiai dovvai fMt tovg d'sovg 
tActov TIV06 ifiuv dya^ov ysvaad'cu * ro ^uvtoi ifni nQOxqi&^ojL «qf* 


vfi^y oLQXOvra udaxtdaifiopiov ardgog nacfjovtog ov£f vfup fiot dax^ 
6Vficft()07' thai, dV! i^riov av dia rovto rvy^avBiv el ti dsota&t 
nuQ avroiv ' ifwl r av oh navv ti vofAi^m d6q)aXeg thai rovto 
27. '0(^0) ycLQ on xal rj najQibi fiov ov ngoadsv inavaavro nole 
uovvTeg ttqip inoirjaav naaav ttjv noXtv biioXoyBiv jiaxedatfAoviovg 
xai avrav rjyFftoyag slvai. 28. 'EtisI de tovto dfioXoyt^aav, tv&ig 
iTzavaavto noXeiiovvteg xotj ovxhi mga moXioQxrjffav r^v TtoXtv. 
El ovv ravra ogav iym doxotJ]v onov dvvaifir^v ivtav^ axvQOf 
TtoiBiv TO 8xsiv(ov aiicofia, ineho ivvow firi Xiav xp ta'^y (jooqigon- 
ai^sirjv. 29/0 ^ vfing ivvotizB on r^trov av ardaig Biri ivog 3l^0V' 
tog ri noXl^v^ ev tars on aXXov fisv iXofASVoi ov^ BVQ^attB ifii 
(iraam^ovta ' vofiH^oo yaq ogrig iv TtoXffJK^ €ov cradid^si ngog 
divfpma xovxov nqog ttjv iavrov (jcortjQiav (jraaid^eip ' iav S ifu 
sXrjad^s, ova av ^avfjidaaifit si ttva evgoue xal vfuv not ffjiol dj^^o 


.30. 'Etzbi ravr Elm, noXv nXsioveg e^anczavro Xsyovreg ac 
8eoi avTOv agxetv. ^^yaatag di ^^rv/xcpdXiog elnev on yeXotov strj^ 
El ovimg Exot, el OQyiovvtai udaxEdaifionoi na). idv avvdEinvoi avf- 
sX&ovTEg fjiij AayiE^aijioviov avfxnoaiaijy^ov aiQ&vrai * iTrel ei ovt(a 
ye rovT l^€/, ecptj, ovds Xoxc^yeiv rifilv e^e^nv, cog eowep, on ^A^ 
xddEg iafiEv. 'Evzav^a drj tag ev Einovtog rov 'Ayaalov ave&OQV' 

31. Kai 6 A£voq)6iv etiei eoiga nXEiovog ivdeov, TtOQeX'&m 
eIttev ' ^AXXl CO dvbQEg, Ecpri, cog ndvv eiS/jte, Ofivvco vfilv ^eov{ 
ndvxag xaJ ndaag rj ii\v eym inel tijv vfAEiEQav yvcofAtiv ria^avofiijf. 
iO^vofJirjv El ^tXnov etrj vfilv re ifiot iniTQExpai tavrrfV rijw dgxk^ 
xal Efiol vnoazlirai ' aai fioi ot {^EOi ovjoag iv toig hgoig iarmrjva'i 
mars x«j IdiojTJjv av yv^vai on itjg fiovagxiag dmx^a&al (ii 
9eT. 32. OvT(o drj XsiQiaoqiov aigovvrai. XEigicoqiog ^ inn 
ffQb\>r]y fzagsXda)v sinsv ' AXX, c5 dvdgsg, roizo fASv latt 
oTf ov^ av tyooys iaraalal^ov, si dXXov EiXea^s, Sepoqi^vra 
^mtoi, tcpfjy (*)vi[aatE ovx iXofisvoi ' (ag xal vvp /Isl^mTTog ffi^^ 
dn'^aXXsv avzov ngog 'Ava^i^iov o ti idvvaro xai fidXa ifiov avTOf 
Giyd^oPTog. *0 de iqit] vofiiXtiv avrov Tifxaaicovi fidXXov avpdg 
XEiP id^eXijcxi /lag8avEi orn tov KXedg^ov argaTevfiaro^ ^ iavr^ 
Adxmn ovn, 33. ^Enu fiivioi t/u. elXea^e^ iq)ijf xai iym nBigAf 

LIB. VI. CAP. IL 137 

ucu o 7f ai' divtoiAai vfiag ayad^bv noiBiv. Kai vfisig ovrto fiaQ<t» 
ffHfvd^ea&B cog aiqiov iav nXovg y ava^ofjievot ' o ds nXovg satai sig 
ffQcixXeiav ' anaviag ovv del ixelae jieiQoiad'ai Haraa^elv * to, H 
iXXa iTieidav ixeias iXd'cofiev ^wXevaofiB&a. 


1. *EvTevOEv T^ v<5tSQai(f avayofievoi TTveiftart tnXsov xaXq^ 
rifUQag dvo Tzaga yijv. Kai naqanXiovteg i&e<aQOVP triv z ^laao' 
viav antriVyiit&ari^AQyta Xiyerai OQfiiaaad'ai, xai roiv Ttorafi^p ra 
GJOfxata' TiQmTOv fiev zov OegfiddovTog, sTteira ds rov'^lQiog, iTZSi- 
Ttt ds 70V ''AXvogy fiera ds toviov rov JJaqd^eviov ' jovtov di 
naQafiXevaavxeg acpiKOVto elg ' IlQditXsiav noXiv 'EXXrjnda Meya- 
QBtov aTzoixov, ovGOLv S' sv fj MaQtavdvvav X^Q^' ^* -^^' cogfii' 
cavro naqa iy 'AxsQovaiddi Xeggovi^aop * ivd'a Xsyezai 6 'Hga- 
xXijg im rov KsQ^egov xvva xata^Tjvai y vvv ra a7jfi€Ta deiTtfvovm 
trig xara^d(jeajg ro ^d&og nXiov t] im dvo ar'adm^i,,, 3. 'Evrav&a 
roig "EXXrjaiv ol 'HQa^iXmrai ^svia TtsfiTiovaiv dXqtiroov iitbiiivovg 
iQig^iXlovg Ttai oivov TiSQdfAta dtg^iXia xal ^ovg bi/.nai xaJ oig iya- 
rov. 'Evrav&a dia rov nediov qsT norajiog AiMog ovofia, evpog 
tig dvo nXs&Qmv. 

4. 01 de argarmrai avXXeysvrsg i^ovXevovro rijv Xomyv nO' 
Qsiav TZorsQOv yiara yrjv ^ xara (ydXarrav ^QV TTOQSvd^l^vai ix rov 
Uovrov. ^Avaarag ds jimaav Axaiog elne ' Oavfid^oD fiiv, « ay- 
dgeg, r^v argaryyoav on ov fietgoSvrat yfiiv ixnoQil^siv GirTjQsaiov ' 
ra (lev yaq ^ivia ov firj ysvrjt at ry argaria rgioiv rjfjiegmv air a, 
ono&Bv S iTTiairiadfJisvoi TZogevaofisOa ovx iativ, scpi]. 'EfioVovp 
doael alreiv rohg ' IlgaxXeoirag fir^ iXarrov y rgig^iXiovg Kv^txr^vovg, 

5. ^AXXog 5* sine, jiti eXarzov tj fivgiovg ' xaJ iXofisvovg ngia^Big 
airiy.a (idXa yficiv 'AaOi]fitv(ov miinttv ngog rijv noXiv, ucu 
uldivou ti av aTiayytXXmai, nai Tzgog ravra ^ovXavsad^ai, 

6. ^Evrav^Bv ngov^dXXovro ngia^eig ngoitov filv Xeigiaoq}Ov, on 
agxoay XlQI'^o lazi ^ o? xa} Sevocprnvra. 01 5* i<sxvgmg diztfjidxov' 
ro ' dfiq)Oiv yog rahza fdoasi firi drayTtd^siv noXiv 'EXXrjvida xal 
fiXiay n ^^ avzol iOtXovzeg dtdoTev, 7. 'Ensl 5* ovv ovzoi ido 

Kovp angod'Vfiot eirai, nfiinovGi Avxoava *Axaiov xa/ KaXU^w.'^^ 



Ua^Qaciop nai *Ayaaiav 2!rvfiq)dhov. Ovtoi ik^ovteg Sieyop ti 
dedoyfjieva ' jov de udvxmva sq}aaav xaj manBilBlv, el firj noii^aoiep 
tavta. 8. lt4xovaapTeg f ol 'HgaxXe^Tai ^ovXevasa'&ai ecpaaav 
Koi ev^vg id re^Qj^fAara Ix rmv ayQciy <Jvvtjyov xal tr^v ayoqitv Biem 
avsaitfvaaap aai ai tivXcu ixiaXeivto xou im zcSv reix^v onia 

9. 'Ex tovTov 01 JccQa^avieg tavta tovg GTQarr^yovg ^rtcofrf 
diacp^eigetv tr^v nga^iv xa\ avviatavro oVAqxadegxai oVAyai.oi' 
nQOBiatrixH de fjidXicra avtmv KaXXifiaj^og re 6 UaQ^dmog xcu 
Avxcav 6 'Afaiog. 10. Oi ds Xoyoi riaav avtoig dig aia^QOv eirj 
aQ)[eif sva ^A&tjvaiov neXonovvrjaioDv xal AaxedatfiovimVj fjujdefuaf 
dvvafiiv 7iaQS)[6fisvov elg tr]v atQaridv ' xal tohg fisv Tzovovg acpag 
S/eiVf TO, 8s xf()drj aXXovg, xai ravta r^v amTtjQiav aq^^v xaiet^a- 
CfJiivaiv ' aivat yag tovg xarsigyaiTfAsrovg 'Agxddag xai 'Axaiovg ' to 
& aXXo GTQdtEVfia older ehai ' xoti 7]v ds t7j aXfj^eia vtieq Sj/xiav 
rov oXov (jtQazevfiaTog Agxddeg xal 'Axocior 11. el ovv <to)- 
qQOvoltv ovrviy avGtdvreg xou azQazt^yovg eXofisvoi tavj^v xa(f 
iavtovg av r^v Tzogeiav noiolvro xal tzsiq^pto aya&ov zi Xafi^dnif' 
12. Tavza tdoie ' xal dnoXiTzovzeg Xeigioocpov ei ziveg ^<jav nctf 
avz^ 'Agxddeg tj A^aiol xal Stvo(f6ovza avvenzTjcav xal azQU" 
ZTiyovg ttiQOVfzai iavzojv dsxa ' zovzovg ^ ixprjcpiaavzo ix z^g 
nx(6ai]g o 'i drxoitj^ zovzo tzolhv, *H jasv ovv zov navzog dqiri 
XeiQia6q)q:t ivzav&a xazeXvd^Tj W^Q^ ^^^V ? i^^ofirj dcp ^g igB&tj, 

13. Sevocpoov iiivzoi f^ovXszo xoivy (Jiez avz&tv ztjv noQsiaf 
noieiad^aiy voplttav ovroog ufycpaXsazeQav ehai y id la fxaazov azik- 
Xsa&ai • dXXa Nmv meid^ev avzov xa& avzov TiOQevea&at, axov- 
cag zov Xetqiaoqiov ozi KXtavdgog 6 iv Bvl^arzicp agfiocFzi^g qjoii; 
ZQirJQStg f'x^n i]isip slg KdXnrig Xijisva ' 14. onmg olv fiTjdelg fi«- 
zdaxoty dXX avzol xal ol avz^v azqazmzai ixTtXevaeiav im zmf 
ZQiriQooPy dia zavza avve^ovXeve. Kal XeiQicrocpog, afia fUf 
a&vfiojv zoTg yeyeprjfitvoigj a^ia de fiiaap ix zovzov zo czgdz^na, 
imTQ87T6i avz(p Ttoieiv zi ^ov^ezai 15. Sevocf^v da szi nff 
inexefgrjaev dnaXXayslg zijg azgaziag ixnXevaai * d^vofAivcp di ui- 
Z(^ T(p ' Hysfiovi 'IlgaxXei xal xoifovfiivcp nozsqa X^ov xal afAEivof 
Bttj azgazevEG'&ai, s^ovzi zovg nagaiieivapzag zmp czQazuat^w, tj 
tuzaXXdzzeaitai, ia^iiiivep 6 d-Bog tolg UQolg avazQatvutodoi, 

LIB. VI. CAP. HI. 139 

16. Ovria yiypstai to GiQaTevfAa tQt)^rj ' ^^Qaddeg fjiip nai ^ji^atoi 
nXsiovg /} TetgaKigyiXiot hoi Ttsviaxooioi, bnXltai ndvteg ' Xeigi 
c6q}(p di onXltai fiiv eig tetQaxotjiovg nal '^iXiovg^ neXraaral di 
Big iniaHoaiovgy oi KXedg^ov Qqaxeg ' Sevocpmvzi de bnXlxai fMP 
tig mzaaoaiovg xal iikiovg, neXiacjtai di eig tQiaHoaiovg ' Innwof 
^s fiovoc ovzog bIibv, cificpl rovg tetTaQoixovta mniag 

17. Kou oi fiiv '^Qxddeg dianqa^dfjiEvoi nXoTa noQU, rmp 
^ HQanXBOitmv TZQoJzoi nXiovaiVy ontag i^aicpvi^g imneaovzBg tolg 
Bi&vvolg Xd^otev ozi nXnata ' xal dno^aivovaiv eig KdXnrig h.- 
uira xaza f4t<jov ntag 'zrig Qgdarig. 18. XeiQiaocpog S" 8v&vg dno 
rT^g TtoXsmg toiv 'HQUnXtoDzoiv oLQ^diitvog 7tBC,ri inoQEveto dice zfjg 
j[(6()ag' £7X61 d" tig zi]v QodTtrjv ive^aXe, naqa jijv ^dXarrav 
^ei ' aai ykq 7J8rj ria&evei. 19. Sevoq>wv ds nXoia Xa^mv anO' 
Baivei im ra OQia, rtjg 0Qd}(Tig xcu rijg 'HQanXeoizidog xou dw 
ueaoyaiag inogtvero, 


[' Ov fA8P ovv TQOTtov ^ Tfi XEiqi(y6q)0v agxTj tov navjog xaie- 
Xv{kjj xai z^v ^EXXijvmv zo azgdzEv^ia iaxia&ri iv zoTg indvco 
eigi]zai.^ 2. *'Enga'^av if avz^v sxaaroi zdde. 01 fiiv '^gxddeg 
(ag dni^riaav vvntbg eig KdXnrjg Xifisva, nogevovzai eig tag Ttgoi- 
zag Tifafiag, azddia ano ^aXdzz'qg dg rgidtiovza, 'Ertei be q)mg 
iyivtto ijyEv sxacjzog (jtgazfjybg to avzov Xdxog im xoifirjv * OTZoia 
ds fjisil^iov idoxei eJvat avvdvo Xoy^ovg riyov oi azgattjyoi. 3. 2!vv' 
s^dXovro ds xal Xocpov eig ov 8ioi ndvzag aXi^ead^aL Kal ' 
aze iiaiqivr^g inineaovteg dvdgdnodd ze noXXa eXa^op xai ngo^ata 
noXXa negif^dXopzo* 

4. Oi de Ogaxeg f^^goi^ovzo ol diaq)vy6pzeg * noXXo] de die- 
q)vyov neXzaazal ovzeg onXizag Ǥ airmp zmp x^f^oiv. ^Ene). di 
avveXeyr^fTaVf ng^zov fiep rtp 2fil.xgritog Xoyci^ ipog joop ^Agxddon*' 
(TzgazTjyav dniovzi f^drj eig zo cvyxeifievop xai noXXa xgrmaza 
ayovzi sfzizi^tVTai. 5. Kal zecog fiep efid^ovzo afia nogevo^epoi 
Ol EXXr^peg * ini de dia^dcei yagddgag zgenovzai avzovg • xai av- 
TOV zs TOP ^fiixgijza dnoxiivpvaai xai 70vg dXXovg ndvzag • 
aX7.ov de Xo^ov zmp dexa (jzgazjyj'mp tov * Hytjadvdgov oxrci (lopovg 
KarOuTtot ' vaJ avtog * Ify^aapdgog sW^i^. 6. Kcu ol oX'kov u» 


loxuyol awrjXd^ov ol /abv gvv TTQuyfjiamv ol f avev Tiqaffjioitwv 
ol di GQnxeg stth evtvxfioav rovro to evtvxfif^cc, GvnSocDV re aXlri 
lovg xal avvtXtyovTO iQQonfievmg ttjg rvHTog. Kai a^a ry tif^tQa 
xvx^Q) TiEQi 70V Xocpov tv&tt oVEXkrjvBg iaJQaronedevovJo izdtiorto 
}iai InneTg noXXol xai neXraaTcUy nal asl nXtioveg cwiqQBov, 7. Kcii 
fTQogt^aXXop TtQog rovg onXitag aaq^aX^g' ol (abv yoQ^'EXXm'sg ov- 
re ro^oztjv elxov ovre axoniatijv ovts innia ' oi de nqog&iovthg 
K«J TZQogeXavvovzeg riHovn^of onoti d' avrotg ifzioiev^ Qadiag 
anicpEvyov' aXXoi ds ciXXy STzeri&epto, 8. Kal tmv fisv noXXoi 
iriTQcoaxovtOy tmv ds ovdsig ' wgrB mvTj&rjvai ova idvfavro in rov 
XcuQiov, aXXa tsXEvtrnvteg nai ano rov v8atog tlqyov avtovg o\ 
QgaHeg, 9. 'Enei f anoQia noXXri r^p, dieXiyopzc vbqI aTtovdm' 
Tioi TO, iilv aXXa dj/JtoXoyrjTO avtolg, ofii^QOvg f cvx i8ido<7av ol 
QQansg alrovvroov toov 'EXXi^vohv • aXX h Tovtcp fo^ffiro. Ta tdf 
drj Tcoy '^Qxddoov ovioog eJ^s 

10. XstQiaocpog ds a^cpaXojg noQEvofievog naQu '&dXattaf 
acpixveiTcu elg KaXfir^g Xtjiha. ABvocprnvti ds dia rrig fieaoyaiai 
TiOQEvofiivo;} ol iTUiEig nQoy^aja^iovTBg ivivy^dpovtSi nQ&j^vtaig 
noQEvoiiivoig not, Kai mti tj^d'tjaav jtoLQa Ssvog)oovray iQ(OTa 
avTovg SI nov ^ad^fjvjai aXXov arQatsifiarog ovrog 'EXXrjnaov. 
11. 01 ^ sXsyov navra ta ysyevtjfisva, xal vvv on noXiOQxovftcu 
em Xocpov, ol ds Ogaxeg ndvreg TZSQiTteKvuXoDusvoi elev avrovg. 
'Evrav&a rovg fjisv dv&Q(a7zovg lovtovg icpvXatrev laxvgmgy onmg 
f^ysfiovsg shy otiov dsoi' CHonovg ds aaraaTi^aag avreXe^e rovg 
aT(jaTic6tag xal sXs^sv ' 

12. "^vdQsg afQartarat, rmv^^Quddmr ol fJisv red^voiffiv, olds 
XofTiol im Xocpnv jivog noXioQaovvtai. No(il^(io f sycoye^ el sxsivoi 
inoXovviaiy ovS rjfiTv shai ovdefiiav aoarrjQiav, ovzco fisv TioXXaf 
ovTGJV Twy TZoXsfiicav, ovzm ds ted^a^QtjxoTtov, 13. Kgaziffrof ovf 
ijiuv (og rdxtffza ^OTjd^sTv roTg drdgdaiv, ontag ei en eiai aSjo^, avf 
sxsivoig fiaxoiueiya xaJ fiij fiovoi Xsicpdhrsg fiovoi nai rnvdwevrnfisf, 
14. Nvp fifv ovv aTQazoTzedevoifJis^a TTQosXd^ovtsg oaov dv do%\ 
%aiQog shai slg to dtinvonoisla&ai' kmg S dv TtoQsvwfie&a^ 
Tifjtaaioav ex<ov Tovg InnsXg nQOsXavvsTco icpogmv tjfidg, xal (rxo- 
fztizoi) rd sfjinQO(T-&ev, mg fitjdsv tjftdg Xd&r;. 15. JJaQensiixpe d\ 
km tm jvfiv^Tcov dv^(i(inovg sv^covovg slg ta TzXdyut xai sig f« 

LIB. VI. CAP. IIL 141 

ixga, onvog u nov ti Tio^ev xa&OQ^sVy (Ttifiaivoter ' ixeJieve 9s xcU* 
eiv (iTHifTa 010^ ivrvy^avoiBv xavaifup, 16. 'HfiHg yaq ano- 
dQairjfiSv iSiv ovdafiov iv&fv3e * noXXr^ fisv yog, eqjtj, elg * HgaxXsiaf 
ndXip a,Jiivai, noXXri ds elg XgytJOTioXiv dieXd'etv' ol Hi noXffjiioi 
igXijffiov • slg KdXTTTjg de Xifieva, evda XBigiaocpov eixd^ofiev shcu 
ei ceaooGTcu, iXa'/^iairj oSog, '^XXa dtj ixei fuv ovts nXoXa iffjip 
oig aTionXsvaovfie&a ' fxivovGi ds aviov ovde fiiag T^fisgag eati ra 
mnrfiiia 17. Tmv da TioXtOQxovfjiiroDf anoXoiiivtov cvv roig Xei- 
„na6q)0v fiovoig xdxiov iati. diaxivdvrsveiv rj rmvde Gto&Bvttav ndvxag 
Big rairov iX&ovtag xomji trig amrrjQiag 8xs<j&aL ^AXXa xQ^i Traga- 
cxevaaafiivovg ti;v yvmfiijv nogevsad^ai^ w^ vvv ^ svxXemg reXeV' 
r^aai saup rj xdXXiatop sgyop igydaaa&ai ''EXXtjpag toaoirovg 
Gticanag. 18. Kai 6 &Bog latog dysi ovrmg, og rohg fiayaXtjyogi]' 
cavrag (og fiXsop g^gopovrrag taTietpmaai ^ovXerai ' rjfiag ds tovg 
ano d^e&p ag^ofAipovg ipzifiorigovg ixsipcov xataarTiaai, ^AXTl 
ineadai ^Qt] ^«* ngogiiEiP top povp, tag ap to TtagayyeXXcfiepop 
dvrrjff^e noiup. 

19. Tavt eiTtoap tjyeTto. Ol ^ innug HiaanBigofiapoi i(p oaop 
xaX^g el)[Ep txaiop rj i^ddi^op. Kcu ot neXtaGtcd fmnagiopteg 
xata ta dxga sxcuop ndpta oqa xavctfJia ioigcop ' xai rj argatia di, 
61 Ttpi nagaXeiTTOfjiipcp ipivy^dpoiep * oogrs naaa. rj x^Q^ at^ead'cu 
idoxsi xal to istgdtBVfia noXv ahai, 20. ^Ene) S tSga rj^ xats- 
atgatOTtsdevaapto ml X6q)0P ix^dpteg, xou td te tap noXsfump 
nvga icogap, dnurupp de tog tettagdxopza atadiovg, xai avtoi 
tog idvpupzo nXel<5toL nvga sxaiop. 21. ^EtzeI f idsiTiPTjtyap tdyi' 
(Stay TiagrjyyeX^i] ta nvga xataa^Bppvvai ndpta. Ka) trjp fifp w- 
xta rpvXaxag Troirjcrdfiepoi ixd&evdop ' Ufxcc di rj fjl^agn ngogsv^d- 
uevoi toTg d'eoTg xai avpta^dfispoi <ag elg fid^i]P inogsvopto |/ «5t5- 
papTO tdxKJta. 22. Tifiaaimp ds xai oi inneXg Ixopteg tovg 
fiysfAOpag xai ngosXavpopteg iXdp&apop avtovg im tq> Xofpq* ysvo- 
fiBpoi ep&a moXiogxovPTO ol EXXtjpsg. Kcu ovx ogmaip ovtm 
ifiTUop azgdtBVfjia ovte noXefi^iOP ' xa\ tavta dnyyiXXovai ngog top 
SfPoq)03PTa xa) to atgdtsvfAa * ygatdia ds xa) ysgoptia xat n^ ipata 
oXiya xat ^ovg xataXsXeififiepovg. 23. Ka) to fxip ngmtop ^avfia 
r^p ti eitj to yeyeprjfiipop * ineita de xou tmp xataXeXsiftfiipmp 
ifivr^dporto oti ol uiv 0gqixeg evdvg dap iffnig^ (^otro in\ii% 


reg ' fm&av di xai rovg 'EkXrirag iq}a<jair of^c^^ai ' onwf di o\m 

24 Tavra anovaapTeg ol ufjiqii SBvoqi^vta, inn ^^(Jtrjcaf, 
svaMvaaaiABvoi sttoqsvovto, ^ovlofAtvoi (og rdj^iata av/jifii^ai tolg 
SlXoig Big KdXnrjg Xifitva. Kai noQevofiSvoi emgfop rov (stl^ov 
roiv 'j^QxddoDV . xal !/^;f aicoy xaza tijv mi KdXntjg odov. 'Ettbi d 
ucpixovto tig 70 avto, dafievoi re eldov dXXi^Xovg xal rianal^avto 
<og7t€Q ddsXqiOvg. 25. Kai mwOdvofto oi ^u^QTcddeg rmv negl 
SevocpMfia 71 ta TZVQa :<ata6^s6Eiav ' 'ffixsTg fjiiv yaq^ e(paaav, 
^ofisO^a vfjidg to fih TTQOJtovy ineidrj ra nvqa ovj^ iooQm/iep, rtjg 
pvxTog TJieiv fm rovg TzoXefiiovg ' nai oi noXifjiiot de, ^g y rjfuf 
idoxovv, Tovro delffavreg dm^X-^ov ' a^sdov yag dfiqu rovtop top 
yjgovop unr^Baav. 26. ^Enei S om dqiixea^s, 6 ds XQOvog i^l^xsp, 
(oofJiBd^ vfidg Tzv^ofiBvovg rd naq ^fiip qio^tjd^sprag 0(^€(Tt^«c4 dno* 
SgdpTag in) {^dXartap ' xai idoxsi ijfup firi dnoXiTiBGd^ai vftm, 
OvT<og ovp xal rj/jiBTg Sbvqo BnoQBv^riuBP. 

C A P. I V. 

1. TaviTjp fABP OVP rt]p TjfMBQap avjov i^vXiXopto im rov aiyu^ 
Xov TtQog T(J) Xifit'vL To ds x^Q^op rovro o xaXelrai KdXnTjg Xififif 
Ban ^6P BP ry Qgdyiri ry bp r^ ^Aaia ' dQ^afit'prj ds // QQayiri avrii 
iatlp dno rov crofAarog rov Ilovrov fJ^B^Qig 'HgaxXeiag im dsha 
big rop JJoprop BignXBOPti, 2. Kai rQi/jQBifABp iarip elg ^UgdxXBiap 
sx Bv^avriov xoonaig tj^SQag fidXa fiaxgdg nXovg ' ip de tq) fjiictp 
dXXri fiBP noXig ovdB/tta ovrs cpiXta ovre 'E}.Xtjp}g dXXd OgaxBg 
Bid^vpoi • xai ovg clp Xd^mai rojp 'EXX^Ptop ^ ixmnroprag ^ dXXfoq 
ncog dsipd v^qi^bip Xiyopiai \rovg '^ EXXripagl, 3 ' O ^e KdXnrii 
Xiftfjp i' uiaq) fiBP xBirai iaarBQcsOBP TiXBOproop i^ 'UQaxXeiag xat 
Bv^apriov ' Ban S' ip tJ 'f^aXdrrri TzgoxBifjiepop xoagiop, ro (ibp Big 
rrjp d^dXarrap xad-rjxop avrov mzga azroooco^, vxpog ontf iXdri' 
5T0P ov fx^Top Btxoatp ogyvioop ' 6 ds avyijp 6 elg rrjp yrjp dprjxmp rov 
^mgiov fidXiara rsrrdgoDP nXi^gmp ro evgog ' ro f iprog rov 
avxBPog xiogiop Ixapop fjtvgtoig dp&gdnoig oixrjaai. 4. Aifirjp l( 
in avrj rri nirga ro ngog sanigap alyiaXop iy^tov. Kq^ij di 
ffiiog vdarog xai iip^opog geovaa in avr^ tJ ^aXdrrn vnh rj 

LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 143 

tnuiQaieia rov loiQiov. SvXa hi noXka i*iv tou aXXa, navv di 
TZoXXa aal yiaXa vavTiTjyi^atfui in aviy tiq d^aXazr'Q, 5. To 8i 
OQog TO iv i(^ XifAtvt Big fieooyatav fisv avi^xei oaov isti eixoai 
ctabiovg, xal tovio ysmdeg xai aXt&ov to ds naqa d^dXaTTap 
nXiov rj im euoai CTadiovg daav TtoXXoTg xai navTobanoXg liou 
liEyaXoig '^iXoig. 6. 'H 5' aXXri x^qu aaXri ^ou noXXy ' xiu xoajuai 
w avTy eiai TioXXai nai oUovfievai ' q^egei yag tj yrj aal TiQiOag xa} 
nvQOvg xa! oanQia navra xa2 finXivag xa! ciqaaiia xai (Tvxtt 
oQnovvTa xaJ ifiniXovg noXXag xaJ r^dvoipovg xat TaXXa TtavTa 
fiXtjv iXamv. *H fiev x^QCt. tjv ToiavTTj. 

7. ^Eax^vovv di iv t^ aiyiaX^ nqog Ty ^aXaTTid ' etg be to 
noXiaiAct av ytvofievov ovx i^ovXovTO GTQaTonsdevea'&ai ' aXXa 
idoxei ical to iX&eiv ivzavd^aj^ ini^ovXrjg elvai, ^ovXofiitfdov Tivmf 
ycaTOiyiiaai TtoXiv, 8. Tcjv yag crQaTimToir oi nXeiaTOi ^aav ov 
cs^dvsi ^lov iyineTiXevKOTsg in] Tuvtrjv ttjv fiia^ocpoQctv, aXXa rijr 
KvQOv UQEtrjv axovovTsg, oi ^iv aai dpdgag dyovTeg, oi de xcu 
yrQogavrjXmxoTsg XQW^^^y ^^' rovzooy tTSQOi ctnodedQaxozeg narsgag 
yai firjTtgag ol Ss xal Ttxru aataXinovTeg <ig xgw^'^^ avToTg xTt^cii- 
ueroi TiiovTsg ndXtv, UKOvovTeg nai rovg dXXovg Tovg naga Kvgcp 
fToXXa xaJ dyad^a ngdtteiv. ToiovToi ovv opt eg ino^ovv elg r^y 

9. ^Eneidt] ds mTega yfitga iyivezo Trig slg tuvtov (jvvodov, in 
f^o^cp i&vETO Sbvo^p^v ' drdyxrj ydg rjv ini t« intTi^deia i^dystv ' 
inBvoei di xal TOvg vexgohg O^dnzeiv. ^Enei de zd hgd iysvsTo, 
Binovto xai oi ^Agxabig, xal TOvg fiev pexgovg Tovg nXeicTovg Ivd'o^ 
rien tnscTov ixdffzovg s&axpav ' i^dr^ ydg rjaav nsf^imatoi xal ovj^ 
oJov re dvai^eiP tri tjv * iriovg Ss TOvg ix t^v odmv avveveyxovTsg 
^{faxpav ix tcov v.TaQx6vro}v lig idvvavTO xdXXiffTW ovg ds fjiii 
Bvgt(7A^'V xivotdcpwv avTOig inoirjaav fAsyaxal nvgdy fieydXriv, xou 
(TTFCfdv.wg inhy^Bcav, 10. Tavta ds noii^aavTeg ivBxdgrjaav inl 
to GToazonB^ov. Kal tozb fiFv deinvi^aavTsg ixoifiri^riaav * tJ if 
iHjzBQuifc avvJjXOov oi ffzgazimzai ndvzsg, avvijys ds fidXiGza 
'j4ya(siag zb ^zvfJiq,dXiog Xo^aybg xal 'hgoivvfiog 'HXBiog Xoxayog 
xai uXXoi 01 ngBa^vzazoi zmr '^gxddoov ' 11. xai doyfta inoii^' 
i^avzOi idv zig zov Xoinov fAvrjcd^^ df^a to azgdzsvfjia noiBiVy ^«k- 
razcp avzov ^T^fuova&ai ' xal xazd x^Q(^^ dniJvcu jjnBQ ^^<r<^c» 


tlxt ro atQoittvfjM, aal olqxbiv rovg nqoa^ev orqarfiyovg,^ Kai 
XBiQiGoqjog fiiv fjdrj lettXevTi^HEi qiigfjicuiiov nmw Ttvf^iitviv ' %a o 
ixtivov Ntoiv 'Affivcdog TiaQtXa^e, 

12. Msza de tavia i^avacrag eJne SspOfjpav ' Q ardgig 
CTQUimtat, lijv /lev noQBiai'y (ag eoixe, d^Xov on ne^ nci'qriov ' 
oh yuQ tan nXola ' avdyxTj di aoQevsa^M ijdr] ' ov yag iffti fierovoi 
ta imzt^dtia. *H^Hg fjih ovv, egjiy, '&va6fjis&a' vfiag ds del 
naQaGX€V(il^e6&ai (og fiaxovfupovg ei note xai aXXore ' ot yog no- 
Xmioi avatt^aqgri^iaaiv. 13. '£x jovtov i&vovto ot aTQartjyol^ 
fidvTig de TiuQijv ^Aq^'^icov ^Aqyidg ' 6 ds ,2liXavog 6 'Afi^QaxmiTtig 
i,df] dnodtdQaxet nXolov fnad^oaaafitvog «5 ' IlQaxXeiag, 0vofisvoii 
ds inl ly aq)6d(p ovh iyiyveto ta hqd, 14. Tavtriv fi«y ovv rsjir {jiii- 
gav iTza^avto. KalnvBg iroXfitov Xsyeiv dag 6 Sevotpw HovXofievog 
to lOiQiov olxiaai Tzmeixe top fjidvnv Xiyeiv dog ta ieqcc ov yiypSTai em 
aqjodfp. 15. 'EvtsvOev iif]Qvl^ag r^ avgiov nagEivai im ti^v ^atav 
rov ^ovXofiepov aai fidvng h ng etrj, nagayyeiXag naQBivai dg 
avv^eaaofiEvov ta Itgay s&vs ' xai ipravi^a naqriaav noXXoi 
16. 6vofisp(ov ds ndXiv lig igig ml ttj dqi68o^ ovh iyiyvero ta legd. 
*E>i rovtov xaXeTi^g eJ^ov ol argatimrai' xa) yag ta iniTi^dsia 
FTZtXinev a exovteg tjXd^ov, xal ayoga ovdtfiia Tiagtjv, 

17. ^Ek tovTov avveX&ovTmv eItib ndXtP SEPoq)dovt ^Si ardgeg^ 
em fiEP t'Q nogEiiz, dg ogdtEy ra hga ovnoo yiyvEtai • tmv f imtti- 
dEioiv ogm vudg dsofiEvovg ' avdyxr^ ovv fioi doxei slvai d^vEO^ou 
neg) avtov tovtov. 18. ^Afaatag 8s tig eItze * Kai Eixotoag aga 
TjfiTv ov ylyvEtai ta hgd ' dog yag fyw dno tov avtoudtov x^h 
tiHOvtog TzXoiov fjxovad tivog oti KXsavdgog 6 ix Bv^avtiov agfiO' 
atfjg fJi8}.XEi rjiEtv nXola xa) tgifjgEtg sxfov. 19. 'Ex tovtov de dva 
fievEiv ^tv ndaiv idoxei * em de ta initi^dsia avdyxi] r^v e^isvai 
xa] em tovrcp ndXiv ed^vEto Eig tgig, xai ovx iyiypEto ta legd. Km 
5^^ xai en) (jxtjprjp lovtEg ti^p Sepocpdopzog sXEyop oti ovx e^oief 
rrt imt^dEia ' i f ovx ap ecpij i^ayayeir fitj yiypofievcop t^p legm. 

20. Ka) TzdXip trj vategaia e^vetOy xai axedop ti naan ^ 
ftgatia dia to fieXetP anaaiv exvxl ovvto Tzegl ta legd ' ta di 
^vfiata emXeXoiTzet. 01 de azgatriyoi i^ijyop fiiP ov, avpexaXeoav 
d«. 21. EiTzep ow Sepocprnv' laag ol noXt^fuoi cvvEiXeyfiewoi 
U(tt KOi apdyxij MtxEC'&ai ti ovp xazaXmorzsg ta (jxevtj ip tif 

LIB. VI. CAP. IT> 146 

%Qvuvm xv^Qio^ tog eig l*i%iiv naQfaxsvaafieifoi loifjieif, itstag av tit 
itQu nQO}[Oi}Qoitj ^fuv, 22. 'A}tovaarre(; de ol (jtpaiimTcu avixQa' 
^ov (ag ovdev dsov elg zb 'j(<OQiov ayeiv, aXka &ve6&ou dg tijujustCL 
Ka\ TTQo^ara fitvovxeTi Jjv^^ovvde vcp afid^ijg TiQidfJieifoi i&vorro* 
'Aoi Stvoqimp KXedvoQog idsijd-tj tov ^AQuadog Ttgo&vfAsia&ou d n 
sv lovzcfi €iq, *AXX ovS (og iyevSTO. 

23. A^toDP de riv fisp aTQCctr^yog xaia to XeiQi<j6q)0v fieQog' 
inti 8e ioiga rovg dvd'QoiTtovg mg dxov dsivmg r^ ivdsia, ^ovXofie' 
pog avToTg jiaqiH^Bad^aiy evQciv tiva av&QonTtop ' HQaxXeoiiriv og Igpiy 
xoifJiag iyyvg sidsvcu o&ev eiij Xa^elv tot, inirrfitiay ixi^Qv^e tot' 
^ovXofievov isvai»im ra initi^dsia (6g r^afinvog iaojisvov. 'E^eQ- 
fovtai drj 6VV doQazioig xal aaxolg xai d'vXdxoig xal dXXoig dyyeiotg 
tig digxMovg dv^qdnovg, 24. ^Enubri de tjaav iv toug xoificug 
nal 8isa7isiQOvto (og ini to Xafji^dveir, ininintovaiv avtolg ol ^04^ 
va^d^ov inn tig ttqoSzoi, ^s^orjd'tjxoTeg yaq ^(sav rolg Bid'woig 
^vXofABvoi Gvv Toig Bi&vvolg el dvvaivto aTioxtakvaai rovg "EXXtJ" 
rag fiij iX&eiv eig rrjv <pQvyiap. Ovzoi oi InneXg dnoxteiy%fv6i rcSy 
dv^Q^v ov fAeXov nevtaxoaiovg ' ol de} em to ogog dvecpvyof, 

25. *Ex Tovtov dnayyilXei tig tavta tmv dnocpevyoptmp elg 
to ctQatonedov. Kal Sepocpmp, eireibq ovx iyeyepfito ta lega 
tavtrj 7^ W^Q^* Xa^oip ^ovp vno dfid^rjg, ov yag i]p aXXa leQeia^ 
trqiayiaadfispog i^oi^d'ei, xai ol cilXoi ol {i^XQ^ tgidxopta izap anar" 
teg. 26. Ka) dvaXa^ovteg tovg Xoinovg apdgag el^ to azgatone- 
Sop dcpixpovvtai. Kal fjdtj fuv dfJicpl ^Xiov dvcjidg tjvxai ol 
EXXrjveg f^dXa d&vfimg ixovteg edemponoiovptOy xai i^ammjg 
dia tmp Xaaitov tmp Bi&wmv tipeg imyevofievoi toig ngoqfvXai^i 
tovg fiev xatexapop tovg de idiml^ap iiejugig eig to atgatOTtedop. 
27. Kai xgavyrjg yepofievr^g elg ta onXa ndrteg awedgaiiov ol 
E).Xtjpeg xal didxeip (idP xai xipbip to azgatonedop pvxtbg ovx 
iaq}aXig idoxei eJpai ' datjea yag rjp ta x<ogia ' ev 8i toXg onXoig 
wvxtiqtvov q)vXatt6fUP0i ixaroig qtvXa^i. 


146 £XP£DIT10 CTKl 

CAP. V. 

1. Ttjv flip mixta ovzm diriyayop * afxa 8i ry Vf^Q^ ^* (ftgatf' 
yol ug to iQVfivov ifoqiov r^yovvto ' oi di etnarro avaXa^ovttg f« 
onXa xat ta oxevij. Uqiv de oQiatov &Qav eJfai anstc^pgevaap { fj 
eigodog Jjp tig to XfaQiov, xai anBatavQtu^av anav, xataXmovtig 
ZQtig nvXag. Kai nXoiov «5 'HQaxXeiag t^xsp aXqiita ay op xou 
isQBia xal ohov, 2. IlQm S avaatag Sepoq)mv i&vBto ine^odiay 
xal yiypetai ta iega im tov Tigoitov legeiov. Kat ^dij tiXog iypp- 
t&}V tojv legmr oga attov aiaiop 6 fidpttg 'u4grj^ie(tp Ilaggdaiogf 
xal Tjyelad'ai xeXevei top Sepoqimpta, 3. Kal dia^dpteg ti^ roc- 
(pgop ta onXa ti&eptaij xal ixi^gviap dgiati^aaptag il^iipai tohg 
atgatmtag avp toTg onXoig, tov de oyXop xal ta apbganoda aitw 
xataXiTzeiv. 4. 01 flip d>] aXXoi napteg i^i^eaap, Nimp di ov' 
idoxBi yag xdXXiatov eivai tovtop q)vXaxa xataXmsiP toip im tov 
atgatonedov 'Etzbi if oi Xo^ayol xal ot atgatimtai dniXmop ait- 
fovg, aiayvpofiBvoi fiij iqiinBa^ai tmp aXXwp i^ioptrnp, xatiXinop 
avtov Tovg vnig nipte xat tBttagdxopta Btij. Kal ovtoi flip 
BfiBPOv ' oi S dXXoi BTZogsvopto. 5. Ilgip di TiBvtBxaidBxa <ytddia 
disXijXvd^Bpai BPBtvyop ij8tj psxgoig' xal tijp ovgdp tov xBgatog 
iTOirjadfisvoi xatd tovg ngoirovg q^avivtag PBxgovg B&antop ndptag 
bnoaovg STitXafipapB to xsgag, 6. 'ETttl di tovg sigtotovg B&axpaPf 
Tigoayayoptsg xal t)iv ovgap av^ig notrjadfiBPOi xat a tovg Trgto- 
tovg tmp dtdqjcov id ant op top avtov tgonov bnoaovg insXdfi^aPBP 
fl atgatid. 'EnBl 8i Big tijp K>dop rjxop tr^p ix tmp xtofi^p, BP^a 
dr^ BXBiPto dOgooij avpspsyxoptsg avtovg i&axpap, 

7. *^Hdri 8i nega fiBaovorjg tijg rjfisgag ngoayayoptBg to atgd' 
tBVfia s^m t^p xoofimp iXdfi^apop ta Bnitffiaa o ti tig ogqprj ipiog 
trjg qidXayyog. Kal i^aicpprjg ogmai tovg noXefiiovg vnBg^dXXoptag 
xatd X6q}0vg tipdg ix tov ivaptiov, tBtayfiipovg inl qsdXayyog 
inniag tB noXXovg xal nB^ovg' xal ydg 2im&QiddtTjg xal 'Pa&iftjg 
f^xov nagd <l>agpa^dl^ov iy^ortBg tijP divafiiv. 8. ^Ensl di xutBiduf 
tovg^EXXfjpag oi noXifiioi, satrjaav dniypptig avrmp oaor nBPte* 
xaidsxa oradiovg. *Ex toviov Bvd^vg 'u4gTj^i<ap 6 fidvtig tm 
EkX^rofp Ofaytd^Btai, xai iyiptto inl tov ngdzov xalic td <j(fd 

LIB VI. CAP. V. 147 

imrd^aad'ai t^ qiokayyi Xo^ovg cpvXaxagy ha av nov dtrj maip ol 
iTii^oti^qaoyTeg rri cpiXayy^, xal ol nokiiiioi rstaQajfievoi ifmiTrTto* 
Giv Big zetayfisvovg xal axegaiovg. 10. 2^vved6xei ravta naaiv. 
*Tfxsig fifv toivvVy sqitj, TiQOfjysIa&a zijp nqog xovg ivavtlovg, tog fiij 
iaTiqxonfiev insl tScp^Tjfjiev xal etdofisv jovg 7ioXe/4iovg ' iyto da ij^m 
70vg ztXevTctiovg koxovg xazaxonQiaag ^neg vfiiv doxti. 

1 1. *Eh rovtov oi filv ri<5vioi nQorjyov • 6 di tQtig acptXrni^ tag 
reXevzaiag rd^tig, ava diaxoaiovg avSgag, tijv niv im to ds^iof 
insiQexptv icpmea^ai, anoXmovtag (og nXi&qov ' 2a(i6Xag ^Aiaiog 
tavtrjg jjqxb ztjg td^emg ' trjp 5* im z^ niacg iyaoQiatv mua'&cu * 
TIvQQiag 'Aqxag zavzt^g ^qx^ * ztjv di fiiav im rep evrnvvfjicp • <2>^a- 
aiag 'A&rjyaiog laviri icpeaztjxeu 12. flgoiovzeg di, inti iyivovzo 
oi rjyovuBvoi im vanEi lAsyakf^ xai dvgnoQtp, eazrjaar ayvoovvzeg ti 
dia^aziov eltj zo vanog * xa\ TtaQeyyvAai azQazrjyovg xai Xoxayovg 
nagiiyai im zo ijyovfjievov. 13. Kal 6 Stvocprnv^ ^avfidaag o fi 
TO laxov eiTj zqv noQBtav xa\ zaxv dxovoDv zt^v nageyyvriv, iXavtBi 
H idvvaro zaxiaza. ^Emi ds ijvprjX&oVy Xsyei 2oq)aivBzog ngB^ 
a^vzazog mv zoov azQazijymv ozi ^ovX/jg ovx a^iov b!ij bI dia^azdof 

iazi zoiovTOp 6v zo vdnog, , 

14. Kou 6 ABvocp^v cnovb^ vnoXa^&iv iXt^Bv • ^u4X}! lazB flip 
fis, 00 avdgBg, ovdivanm xivdvvov ngo^BVfjaavza vfiiv i^aXovaiof 
oi yag do^tjg o^w dsofiBPOvg ifiag sig dpdgaiozijza, dXXa atozrjgiag, 
15. Nvv di ovziog bxbi' diAaxtl fih ivx^ivda ovx iazip anaX^Bip* 
ijp yag ft] jJiBig itofisp im zovg ftoXafiiovg, ovzoi tjfup bnozap 
dnitafiBv expoviai xal imnBOOvpzau 16. ' OgaiB drj nozsgov xgaiZ' 
zop iipai im zovg apdgag ngo^aXXofjiivovg za onXa, ^ fABza^aXXo* 
uivovg omad-BP i]fidp imopzag zovg noXBfAiovg -^Bo^aa^ai, 
17. laiB fiBpzoi ozi 2 fjiBp amepai ano noXBfjitiOP ovdapl 
xaX^ ioixB ' zo da icpinaa^ai xal zoig xaxioisi &a^gog ifijiom, 
"Eytay ovp rfiiop ap gvp {jfuaamp moiixtjp rj avp dmXaaioig anoxm- 
goii^v. Kui zovzovg oJS ozi imopzmv filv rui^p ovS vfiaig iXni^eza av- 
zovg diiaa&ai tjiidg • dmoptcov dindpzag imazdfJiB&a ozi zoXfju^aov^ 
ffip iqiinaa&ai. 18. To da dia^dpzag oma^ap pdnog xaXanhp noi^ 
aatj&ai lAiXXopzag fidxaadai oq ovxl xal dgnd<sai a^iop ; ToTg ftip 
ykg fioXefAiotg eymya ^ovXoifAtjp ap aSnoga ndpza qpaife^sdoi &^% 


a7io)[(OQ€iP ' rjfjiag di xou ano tov itoQiov dei di^daxBo&cu on oi% 
tan fi)j vixmoi amtrjgia. 19. Oavfia^at ^ iydnye hou to vd:s% 
TorTo if r/i,* lioiXXov q)o^eQOP vofu^ei eJvai jmv aXXmr tov bianeno- 
QbiiAtOa lioQicav, Ilmi fiiv yaqbia^atov to nt^iov, el fjirj vuci^aO' 
ftiv Toi'tf tnniag ; nmg^i a duXrjXvd'afifr OQt^y rjv nektaarcu toaoidk 
iqyTKovzai ; 20. ^Hv de 5// xia aoi&mfuv ini ^dXatrav^ nocov u 
vunoi^ Tloftog ; iv&x ovte nloXd fan ra dndl^ovra ovre aitog 
(*) {^Qexpofjit&a fisvovzeg ' dtf^oei de, r^v ^attov fxel yevoiiJie^a, ^aT- 
zov TidXiv i^ievai im ta Imtrfista 21. Omovv vvv xgeittov tjqi' 
atTj'Aotag lAd^ea^ai ^ av(fiov avagiGTovg. "u^fdQeg, td te iBQa ^fup 
xaXa ot te oicovoi aiaioi td te ocpdyia xdXXiata. "Imnev ifii tov 2 
avdgag. Oh del iti tovtovg, inei t^fjiag 7tdvt<og eJdov, ^detog deh 
nvijaai nidi* onov av ^eXmai axi^v7]6ai. 

22. 'Evtevd'ep ol Xo^ayol tjytiod^at ixiXevov, xai ovde)s dpteXe 
ye, Kai og TjyeTto, naqayyeiXag bia^aiveiv r^ exaatog itvyxuve tov 
vdnovg (Sv • &dttov yag ap d^goov idoxei ovtco nsgav yeviis&ou to 
(Stgdtevfia rj el xata tr^p yecpvgav rj im t^ vdnei ^p H^efjir^gvovto, 
23. 'ETiel 8e dit^rjaav, nagmv naga trjv cpdXuyya eXeyev ' 'L^vdgeg 
dpafiifAvi^6xea&e oaag di] fid'^ag avv tolg &eolg bfioae lovteg pepi- 
xtjxaTE xai oia nday^ovaiv ol TioXefiiovg c^vyovteg ' xal tovt epporj- 
aate oti im taig i^vgaig trig EXXddog iafisp, 24. ^^XX enea^e 
ijyefiovitcp * HgaxXel, xai aXXriXovg Tta^axaXeXtt opoftaazi, ' Hdv 
tot drdgeiov ti xcti xaXop pvp elnopta xai noi^capta iipiqfjir^p iv oh 
i&tXet nagtyeip iavzov, 

25. Tavta nageXavPiOP eXeye xcti afia vq}r]ytit%. in) q^dXayyo^'^ 
xal tovg neXtaatag exatigm&ev Ttoirjadfjiepoi inogevopzo im roev 
noltfilovg' TlagriyyiXXezo ds ta fiep dogaza in\ tov dthor co/ior 
8xeiP, ^osg arj/xaipoi rj adXmyyi' eneita de elg TTgo^oXtjv xaOtrju^ 
miG^on ^d8t]p xai fjit]dspa dgofjuo diwxeip. 'Ex tovtov aipOi^^m 
nagiei ZET2. S^THP, 'HPAKAHi: 'HrEMQN. 26. 01 ^i 
noXifiioi vnifievop vofxi^opzeg xaXop ey^eiv to itagiop. ^Etth (^'t- 
inXrjaia^op, aXaXd^apteg ol EXXtjpeg neXzactcu e^eop in) tnv^ 
TioXefAiovg nglv tiva xeXeveiP * ol de TzoXefiioi dptioi ojgixtjaar, 
01 - tnnelg xai to aticpog toop Bi&vpmp ' xai tgenoptai tovg neh 
raatdg. 27. 'AXX inel vnriPtia^ep rj (fdXayl^ t^p onXiz&iP tayt 
ffo^o/iini H(u CLfia ij isdXmyl^ iqi^ey^ato xai inaHipi^op xm 

LIB. TI. CAP. VI. 149 

i-«ra ravia ^XaXa^ov kou aiia ta dogata xa^Uaaif ivrav^a 
ov'ASJi idi^avTO oi noXintoi, akX aqtevyov, 28. Kai TifAuaiouv yif 
ijUjoav toivg Innsig icf^uneto, xae anBHrivvvaav oaovg tisq idvvapifi 
•Off oXiyoi ovTsg. Tmv dl noXsiilmv to filv svoivvfiov ev&ifg dieana* 
Qtj, xa& ol EXl'^yeg innug ^aav ' to de de^iov are ov acpodga 
ditoxofievop im Xocpov avvict^. 29. ^Enel di eJdop ol "EXXijveg 
vnofiivovtag avtovg, idonai qactov re xae anivdwoiatov elvoti 
Uvea in avtovg, IJaiaviaavxeg ovv ev&vg insxeiPTO ' oi di oifx v;r/fi«»- 
var. Kai Bvtav^a oi naXiaaTOuidioixovfJiexQi to del^iov av die- 
cnaQj] ' ani&avov S oXiyoi ' ro yaq Innixov (po^ov naQUji^ to rm 
fioXe/xioov TioXv ov, 30. ^Etis] ds eldov oi ^EXXijvsg to te ^€tqva- 
^d^ov iTimxop St I awsoTrjxog xal Tovg Bid-wovg inniag nqog tov- 
10 ffvpa&Qoi.^Ofiivovg xal ano Xoqtov tivog xazad^etafievovg ta yiyvo^ 
fiepa, aneiQi^xeaap fiev^ Ofitog S idoxei xal im rovzovg itiov elvou 
ovToag OTToag dvvaivto, cog fiij red^a^QTjxoTeg avanavaaivzo. 
2!vvTa^dfievoi dr/ TtOQevovrai, 31. ^EvievOev oi noXifiioi inneig 
qtsvyovai xata tov nqavovg biioiang mgTzeQ ifno innimv dixoxofievoi' 
vdnog yog avtovg vTiedexetOf o oix ^deaav oi "EXXriveg, aXXa nQoa- 
netQanovio Sioixovzeg ' oxpi yog »/y. 32. *E7iaveX&6vttg di tv&a 
47 TiQoitij GvjA^oXii iysvsTo atriadfiepoi, rgonaiov aTtQeaap im ^a- 
Xaitap TieQi ^Xiov dvafidg* atddioi d* tjaap mg i^i^xopta im to 


1. 'EpTcvd'SP oi fjiip TToXe/uoi eJxop a/«gp< ra iavtmp xal aTn^op* 
TO xal jovg oixitag xou ta xQTJfAara onoi idvpapto nQoatardin ' 
oi di^EXXrjvsg nqogifiepov fiiv KXtapdgop xal tag tqi^qeig xai ta 
nXola &)g ^^ovza * il^iopteg 9i ixdaztjg rmiqag <5vp tolg vnol^vyioig 
xal tolg dpdQanodoig icpsgovto adeoag nvgovg, xgi&ag, oJpop.^ 
oangta, fieXivag, avxa ' anapta yog aya&a elx^v tj ^toga nXrjp sXalov. 

2. Kal 071018 flip xatafJiipoi to atgdtevfia dpanavofievoPj fS^** 
inl Xelav Uvai • xal iXdfi^apop ol i^iovteg ' bnote S i^ioi. nav to 
fftgdrevfin, ei tig x^^Q'^ aneX'^oop Xd^oi Tt, drjfioaiop ido^sp slpai 

3. "Hdrj di fip noXXri ndvtmp aqt^opia • xai yag dyogal ndvto^Bf 
iupixpovpzo ix tmp 'EXXtiPidtop noXsmp, xou oi TzaqdnXidftxi 

V 13* 


ifffMPOt xat^yov, axovorrBg me olxiloito noXi^f xoi liftrjf 
Biri, 4. "Entunov da xal oi noXifuoi ffiri ot tiXtjaiop <pH0V9 
fiQoe Sevoqjmvza, axovotteg oti ovtog nohXH to j^mQiov, SQtatmf- 
reg ti dtoi noiovviag q^iXovg Bhai, '0 ^ inedeixvvsp avtohg 
W9ig ffTQarioiiaig, 5. Kal iv rovtcg KkiavdQog aqiiKPetrai dvo 
iQifiQEig i^oiv, TiXoiov ^ ovbiv, ^Etvyiavn di to atQarevfjia e^m ov 
ore acpiasTO xal inl Xeiav tivig oixofievoi^ aXXoi aXkij eig to ogog, 
Hal elXi^cpaaap nqo^ata noXXd ' oxvovvtsg de fii^ aq)aiQed'H£P t^ 
/fe^iTiTitp XeyovaiVy og antdga tijv TTevTtjKOPtoQoy ^wf in TganB- 
^ovvtog, Moi xeXevovai diaaoiaavta avtotg tit ngo^ata ta jjiiv av- 
top Xa^eiv, toe ds Gcpiaiv dnodovpai. 

6. Eif&hg d* ixeivog aneXavvei tovg neQiBatmrag tmp GtQatuo- 
wp xa\ Xeyoptag oti drjfioaia eit] ' xal rep KXsdpdgcp iX&ofP Xtyu 
oti agnd^eip imxsigov(Tip» ' de xeXevei top agnd^opta &yeip ngbg 
avzop. 7. Kai 6 fiep Xa^ojpjjyetipa' negitvx^p S^uiyaaiag ag)ai- 
gettai ' xou yag tjp avt^ 6 ayofiepog Xoxitrig, 01 de ciXXoi ol 
fiagoptsg tap (ftgattrntrnp mij^eigovai ^dXXeip top /tt^iTZTiop, dpa- 
xaXovvteg tov ngodoirjr, 8. "Edeiaap de xai toop tgirjgitmp fioXXol 
xal ecfiEvyop eig tijp {^dXattap ' xai KXiapdgog 5' eq)avye. Sepoqicof 
de xal 01 dXXoi argatrjyol xatexoiXvop te xai T(p KXedpdgcp eXeyop 
oti ovdep eiTj ngayfia, aXXa to doyfia aitiop eirj to tov (jtgatev- 
fiatog tavta yepiad^ai. 9. 'O de KXeapdgog vno tov Jeiinnov te 
dpege&i^oixepog xal avtog dx&ead^elg on iq)0^^d^Tj, afzoTiXevaeia&ai 
eq)Tj xal xt^gv^eip uTjdtfiiap noXiP deyea^ai avtovg, (og noXefilovg. 
Hg^op de tote ndpttop tmp ^EXX^pmv ol AaxedaifAOPioi- 

10. 'Eptav&a Tzoprjgop to ngayfia idoxei ehai totg EXXrjci, 
xal ideopto firi noieip tavta. '0 d* ovx ap aXXnog eq)rj yapea&aif ei 
fir^ tig exdmaei top ag^apta ^dXXeip xal top aqjeXofiepop, 1 1 . ^Hp 
de OP e^i^tei 'Ayaoiag dia tsXovg q)D,og tq) Sepoq}m'ti * ei ov xai 
die^aXep ait op 6 /l^innog, Kal htevd^ep eTreidrj dnogia ^p, ffvp- 
tjyayop to atgdtevfxa ol dgiopteg ' xal epioi fiep avtcop nag oXiyof 
enoiovpto top KXeapdgop ' T(p de Stpocpmpti ovx edoxei q)avX(/f 
shai to ngayfia^ dXX dpaatag eXeiep ' 

12. ^i^ dpdgeg atgatimtai, ifjiol If ov q}avXop doxei ehai to 
ngdyfia, el tjiup ovttog ex^^ ^^^ ypoif^rip KXiapdgog aneioip maneg 
Ifyu. Eial flip yhf iyyvg aVEXXi^ideg noXeig' riqg If 'ElXai^ 

LIB. VI. CAP. VL 151 

^aKiSaifiopio Tiooiatijxaaiv ' ixavol Si bigi %ai Big exatncg AaM- 
Satfiovifav ip tjug TtokBatv o tt ^oiXovtat l^iaTiQaztsa^at. 13. Ei 
ovv ovTog TiQWTov fJLBv TjfAoig Bv^avtiov aTionXBioBi, BTisita de tolg 
vlXoig aQiAOGTcug naqayyBXBl Big rag TieXBig fjit^ dex^ad^ai mg 
UTfifftovptag ^axBdatfiopiotg xai apofiovg ovtag ' iti de nqog 
^j4pa^l^iop top pavoQiop ovrog 6 Xoyog tibqi tjfAap ^^si ' ;fa^e;roi' 
latcu fiipBip nai anonXBtP ' xa2 yag ip t-fi yy agj^ovai yiaxBda^ 
fiopioi xaj ip ry ^aXaiTy top pvp ^qopop. 14. Ovhovp Sbi ovtb 
Bpog apdgog BPBxa ovtB dvoip rjficig rovg aXXovg rrjg *EXXddoi kni" 
j^6(T&ai, aXXa TZBiarBOP o ri ap xBXBvtoai ' xai yaq al noXBvg ^fimp 
od'Bp i<Tf€BP nBi&opTCLi avtotg. 15. 'Eyoj fAtp ovp, yai yag dytovon 
^i^mnop XiyBip nqhg KXeapSgop tog ova dr inolriaBV ^Ayaalag 
ravta, Bi /xrj iy^ avTOP ixeXBvaa, iym fih ovp dnoXvoa xal vfidg tijg 
uhiag xai '^yaciap, op avtog 'u4yaaiag qn^ai] ifii re Tovroup ahiov 
bIpoli, xa/ xataSmdl^ia iftavtov, bi iym TiBrgo^oXiag it] aXXov tipog 
Biaiov i^dgx(», Trig ioy^dTtig SUrig dl^iog dpai, xal vcpsl^eii Ttjp dUrip, 
16. <l>mju de xai bi Tipa dXXop alTioLTai, iglipai iavtop nagaaxBiP 
KXe-dpSgcp xgTvai' ovzca ydg dp vfieig dnoXBXvfiipoi Tljg ahiag 
etrjTB, 'Qg de pvv b/bi, ^uXbttop bi olofiBPOi ip t§ 'EXXddi xaJ inoU- 
pov xal Tifjujg TBtf^B6&at dpTi ds TovToar ov8^ ofjioioi Toig dXXoig 
iaofiB^a, dXX' Bigiofie&a ix Ttav 'EXXrividcov tzoXbcop. 

17. MBTa Tuvza dpaaTag bitibp '^yaaiag' 'Eym, co apdgBg^ 
ofjtpvfii -^Bovg xal OBag ^ fitjp fi^TB jib Sbpocp^ptu xBXBvaai dcpBXi* 
ff&at TOP dvdga iiy^tb dXXop vfjioip lArfiipa ' idopTt 9e (loi apdga aya- 
&0V dyofiipop Twp ifjimp Xo^iTrnp vno /iB^lnnov, op v^Big imaTa^ 
<5^B vfidg ngoSoPTa, SeiPOP bSo^bp sIpui ' xai dq)BtX6iitjp, ofioXoyoi, 
18. Kai vfiBig fxsv f4r] exdari piB ' iy&i 3' ifJiavTov, &anBg Stvocjiap 
Xiytif nagaaxriGin xgipapTi KXBapSgc^ o t« up ^ovXrjTai froiijaai ' 
TOVTOv tvexa iiiqTB noXBfiBlzB AaKB^aifAOpioig (fd^Bad^i tb d6q)aX6ig 
oTtoi &i).Bt BxaoTog* ZvfiTrifjixpaTB (abptoi fjioi vfi^p avrap iXofjiBPOt 
ngog KXiavSgov oizivBg, dp ti iym nagaXBinm, xai Xi^ovcrip vftig 
ifiol) xa) ngd^ovaiv. 19. 'Ex tovtov idoaxBP rj aTgazid ovgTipag 
fiovXoiTo TzgoeXofievop lipat. '0 81 ngoBiXBTO Tovg GTgetTTjyovg* 
Merd ravra inogBvovTO ngog KXiavdgop 'yfyaaiag xm ol GTgaTti" 
fo) xai dcpatgBd^E^g dpf/g vno 'Jyaaiov xcCi tXByop ol azgaTtjyoi 

20. ''Ene/ixf^BP ijiidg ^ (TTpar/ii npogak m KXiapSpe^xcu ixilmf^ 


tfi as^ Site navtag ahittf xQivavra aeaiftor iQ^^^f^^ o ri n% ^ovX^ 
me era iiva ^ dvo i^ xai nXslovg- alria, tovtovg u^iovai naqa' 
a^etv aoi iavrovg fig nQiaiv. Eire ovp f^fimv Jiva altw, TutQeaiiif 
aoi TjfieTg ' Bire xal aXXov ripa, qtQdaop ' ovdelg yaQ aniatai oazig aw 
^fuv hd'iXrji 7isi^e<y&ai. 21. Meta ravra TroQeX&mv 6 *u4yaaioLg 
dnep ' 'Eyci eifii, w KXiavdQe, o aqteXofAEvog /leiinnov ayovtog 
wovtof TOP apdga xai naieip xeXsvaag /iil^innmf, 22. Toujop fiit 
y»Q oidu apdga dyad^op opza' Jt^mnop de olSa aiQe&ipi'^ imo 
trig atqatiag aQ)^eip tJjg TrePTtjxoptOQOv tjg ^rtiodfxe&a nuga Tga- 
fie^ovpTi&)P ecp Q) re TzXola avXXsyeip tag ffta^oifjie&a ' xaJ aTTodgap- 
ta /i^mnop xa) 7TQo8apta rovg ctQatioizag fiE{f odp iaoidrj. 
23. Ka\ rovg ts TgaTte^ovptiovg aTiearsgr^xafjiep ttjp fispttjuopTogor 
xa\ xaxoi doxovfjiep eJpai 8ia jovrop ' avrol re to im rovrtp anO" 
XoiXa/up. *^Hxove yog, mgneg tifiBig, tog anogop eirj ne^ anioptag 
tovg Ttorafiovg re dia^rjpoi xai aoo&i^pai eig rrjp 'EXXdda. Tovrop 
OVP roiovrop opra a(p€iX6firiP, 24. El de <tv Ijyeg 5 aXXog rig rm 
naga aov, xa\ firj rmp nag tjfimp aTTodgaproup, ev la^i on ovdh 
ap rovrcop inoiriaa* Noixi^e d\ iap ifii pvp anoxreiprig, bi apdga 
deiXop re xa\ Tioprjgop avbga aya&op dnoxreipvip, 

25. 'u4xov(jag ravra 6 KXeapdgog tlnev on /!lil^innov fup oix 
inaipoitj, el ravra nenoiifix^g tiij • ov fjieproi ecpri pofii^eip ovil el 
nafinovrigog r^p /Is^mnog ^iap %gripai naax^ip airop, aXXa xgtO^ep- 
fa, ^gTieg xa\ vfieTg pvp a^iovre, rtjg dixi]g rv)ieXp. 26. Nvp fjih 
OVP amre xaraXmopreg rorde rop apdga * orap ^ iym xtXevoa, 
ndgeare rrgog rrjp xgiaip. Aln^^ai de ovre rijp argariap ovre 
aXXop ovdtva hi ' ine\ ovrog avrog bjioXoyel acpeXea&ai rop apdga. 
27/0 If dq)aige&eig eJnep ' ^Eym, cJ KXsapdge, elxot oiei fie ddixovp- 
rd n ayead^aiy ovr enaiop ovdepa ovr s^aXXop aXX e7fccp on dfjfioma 
eit] ra ngo^ara • jyy yag rmp argaricaroop doyfjia^ ei ng hnore rj orga- 
tia iiioi Idict Xtjt^oiro, drjf^oaia ehai ra X7](p&epra. 28. Tavr elnop ' 
ac rovrov fie Xa^mp ovrog rjyep, ha fir] cp'&eyyoiro firjde)g, alX 
avrog Xa^mp ro fisgog diaacoaeie roig XtjaraTg naga ttjp giqrgap rk 
\grifiara, Ugog ravra 6 KXeardgog elnep ' 'Enei rotrtt roiovroi 
tlf xardfiepBy ipa xal Tiegl gov ^ovXevaoifie&a. 

29. 'Ex rovrov oi fisp aficp) KXeardgop figiardop ' Ti;p de arga* 
tiiiP GVPriya'^B Ee^^^qimp xa) avpepovXeve^ nefix^^ai ardgag ngog K*7.ia» 

HB. VI. CAP. ^L 153 

dgop ffctQcutijaofiiifOvg neQi imv ardgcap. 30. 'Eh tovtov ido^sp 
avToig nifixpavtag arQatr^yovg xai Xoxctyovg xal //Qaxomov top 
JSTTaQtidtTjv, xal r^v alXtov ol idoxovp imfqdaioi dvaiy deia'&cu 
KXedvdgov x«ra szavta rgoTtov dcpHvai rci ardge. 31. ^EXd^Ap 
ovv Sspocpmv Xiyei ' "Ey^iig fih, oo KkiavdQE, tovg avbgag ' xou 
h cTQarid aoi iqjeiio 5 ti i^oiXov noi^aai xai ttsqI tovt<op 
ycal negi iavroiy anavtfop, Nvv da 68 aitovvrat xat diop^ 
tai dovvai acpiai too avSge xa/ firj xataxaivsip * TroXXa yaq iv T<p 
IfjiTiQoadev xq6v(^ nsQi tt^v atgatiav ifiox&JionTTjv, 32. Tavra 
db aov tvxovTeg vnmivovvrai aoi dvti iovtcov, tjv ^ovXy rjyeia&cu 
airmv xa) rjv oi &eot iXsq^ matp, f7ii9eiieiv aoi xaJ ©5^* nocfuoi dai 
xai 09^ rAavol rep aQ^ovti Ttei&ofieroi tovg noXeiiiovg avv zoig d^sotg 
firj (fo^kla^ai. 33. Jiovzai 8e aov xa] tovto, naqayevofuvov xa2 
aq^avta iavt^v TteiQav Xa^etv xai JeiiTtnov xai aqi^v t&v aXXmv 
olog exaatog iati, xai trjv a^iar ixdatoig reifiai. 34. ^Axovcag 
Tavra 6 KXsavSgog 'AXXa vol rco -2tco, icpri, tayy toi vfuv dno- 
xgivovfiai. Kou toi te dvSgs v/xTv didoofii xai avtog Tiagsaofiai ' 
xal rjv 01 d^sol Tiagadidmai, i^rjyr^aofiai eig tijp 'EXXdda. Kou 
noXv 01* Xoyoi ovroi avtioi uaiv ^ ovg iy&i mgi via^v ivioop fjxovop 
€og to atgdtavfjia atpiatate dno Aaxedaifiopicov, 

35. 'Ex tovtov 01 flip inaivovptag dnriX^op, s^opteg toi apdgs ' 
KXtav9gog Se i&veto im ty nogaia xa). avpijv Sepogjmptt q)tXixmg 
xai ^BPiav ^vve^dXopto, ^Enei de xai ioiga avtovg to TzagayyeX- 
XofJispov evtdxicog Tzoiovvtag, xai fidXXov m ms^viiei ^y€fia}p yepi' 
ffd'ai avtoip. 36. 'ETzel fiavroi ■O'voiabpo^ avt^ ifzi tgsTg iifiigag 
ovx iyiypeio ta Isga, avyxaXiaag tovg atgazrjyovg sJtzep ' 'Efiol fjitp 
ovx id'sXei yspsa&ai ta lega i^dysip * viiaig fjiaptoi /irj d&vfJieTts 
tovtov svexa ' vfup yag, dog eoixe, 8tdotai ixxofiiaai tovg apdgag ' 
dXXa TzogBveadB, ^Hfiug 9e v/^ag, inei^ap ixeiae Tjxrjte, Se^o/u&a 
tog dv 9vpoifJie&a xdXXiata. 

.37. 'Ex tovtov sSo^e toTg atgatmzaig ^ovpai avt^ ta dtjfjioaia 
-rgo^aza, ' ^i l^e^dfievog ndXiv avtoig aTzidmxe ' xai ovtog [m* 
afzmXsi. 01 de atganmtai ^la&ifiBPOi top aitop op tjaap avyxt 
KOfAiafiipoi xai taXXa a etX^cpsaav i^sTZogevopto dta tmp Bi&vpmp. 
38. 'Enei di ovdep) ipitv^op tzogsvofiepoi tvp og&t^p odop^ mgt 


f/oi'n\* n tfV ^t' (piXtar iX&elv, iSo^BP avtotg tovfjinaXiv vTtotngi' 
\fuu'Tu^' i).&tiv filav rjfiigap xal pvxta, Tovto di noi^aafjes sXa- 
8op TToV.a xul avbganoba xo! TtQO^aza ' xou aqiiHorro ixrcuoi sl^ 
XQvaonoXw zijg Xahiifdopicte^ xal ixtii iiuivaw ^fUQCLg hnti 

LIB. YIl. C AP. L 


C A P. I. 

peg f^fXQf' trig jua;^^^, xai oca imt Kvgog izeXevTrjaev iv r§ noQU^ 
l*iXQi Big tov Uovtov aqjixovro, xal oaa sx tov Hovrov ;re(j 
il^iovTeg aai TiXtoptsg inoifjoav fis^gt ajco tov atoiiatog iyifovro iP 
XovaonoXei tlj^Aaiag, iv t^ nQoa&ev X6y(^ dedi^XoataL 2. 'Ex 
rovzov de fpagvoi^a^og apo^ovfiBvog to aTgdrevfjia firj im r^f 
avTov iQyJ]v OTQaTsvijiat, TiifJixpag ngog 'Ava^i^iov tov vavagxov, 6 
ds STVXBV iv Bv^avticp mv, ideizo dia^i^aacu to atgoitevfia ix t^g 
'Aciai;, x«J vtiigx^bIio navzft Tioir^dsiv avt^ oaa deou 3. Kai 
'Avah'^iog fxttsTrsfixpato tovg atQatt^yovg TiaC Xo^ayovg tmv azga* 
ti'QTav elg Bv^dvriov, xai vnioxveito, h dia^aiev, fjtia&ocpOQav 
l(jea&ai toTg atQcctixataig, 4. Oi (lev df] aXXoi icpaaav ^ovXevad- 
fievoi dnayyaXeiv ' Ssvocpav ds elnev avt^ oti dnaXXd^oito i^dtj 
ano trjg azqatidg xat. ^ovXoito aTiOTiXeTv, '0 da *Ava^i^iog «x«- 
Xsvaev avrov avrSia^dvta sneita ovtoog anaXXdtxBa&ai. Equi 
ovv tavra noiiqGBiv. 

5. 2Jev&t]g 8b 6 Oga^ tibiattbi Mrjdoaddrjv xal xbXbvbi Savoq^m 
ta avfiTigoO^vfiBia&ai orzcag dia^^ to azgdtsvfia, xal scptj avt^ 
tavza (jvfi7Tgo{>vfJii]d^evii on ov fiBtaiiBXi^aBiv. 6. '0 6* bJtibp, 
A)lu to lisv azgdtsvfjia 8ia^riaBtai ' tovtov bvbxu /jiijdBv tsXaitn 
[jtji hio! fAtjzE ulXqi firjdivi' inBiddv 8s 8ia^^, iym fuv aTtaXXd^o- 
fiai ' rrno^'8F zoug 8iafitpovtag xal inixaigiovg optag TigogcpBgia^m 
fog av avtq} 8oxy aaq)aXig. 

'^ 'Ey, rovzov 8tu^uipnvai ndvzsg eig Bv^dvtiov ol otgatmtou. 
Kai fAiG&ov fiBv om ^i8ov 6 Ava^i^iog ' ixi^gv^e 8b Xa^ovtag ta 
onXa xa/ zd axBVTj tovg azgatmtag ihsvat, (og dnomfiyjtop tB afta 
Hiu dgi^/Aot Ttoi^atar. 'Evzav^a ol atgatmrui tiX^ovxOy on ovu 


tlxof a^vQtop imaiti^ta^at tig triv noQBiav^ %cX ixmjQcag (Tvpb 
6xevd^ovto, 8. Kal 6 Sevocprnv KXedtdQcp rqi aQfAoary ievoi 
yeyevrjfjitvog 7iQogeX\^&)v r^GTid^eto avrov (og anonX^vcovfitvog ffit^ 

d* avT(p Xiyei' Mijnoirjayg Tovra' bI 8i fiTjySq)Tjj aiiiav fjfi^ 
inii xaJ vvv rireg ffit] ae aizimpzai on ov xwfv i%iqnB% to OTgdrevfAA 
9. ' ^ eJiisv ' ^AlX an log fifv eymye oix Bifu rorror, ol di atQa- 
tiKitai avto\ fnimt^ofiov dsofiefOi dia rovro d^vfAOvai ngog T^t 
l^odor, 10. '/i)X ofitag, eq)ij, iyoi coi avfA^ovXevot il^eX'&eif 
flip (ag TtoqevaofiBPOP ' ineidap d^ l^w yipritai to ctgatEVfia, 
tote dnaXXdtt8(j\^aL Tavta toiPWy 8q)rj 6 Stpaqs^v^ iX&opteg 
ngog ^Apal^l^iop diarrga^ofAed'a. Ovtmg iX&optsg eXsyop tavta. 
11. 'O i* ixeXevasp ovtoD noieip xal i^iipai tijp taxiazriv avrs- 
6X€vaa(Ji8P0vg, xal ngogapsineTp, og ap fitj fiuQ^ elg tijp i^itaatv xat 
tig top aQi&fjibpy oti avtog avtop aitidaetai, 12. 'Eptev&ep i^e^ 
cap ot tB atQatrjyol ttqcstoi xal ol dXXoi. Kal agdr^p ndpteg nXrjP 
hXlyfav e^oo ^aav, xal ' Eteonxog eiattjxBi noQa tag TivXag (og 
onotB fi(a yivoipto Tidpreg (jvyxXeiaoiv tag nvXag xou top fio^Xop 
ifipaXcop. 13. ' ds ^Apo^l^Log avyxaXeaag tovg atQatrjyovg xal 
tovg Xoxayovg sXt^e • Ta ftiv init/jdeia, icprj, Xafi^dpBtB ix toop Oga- 
xi(op xoafAap ' ei<sl de avtoO^i noXXal xgii^al xal tivqoI xal taXXa ta 
initridBia ' Xa^opteg di noQBVB6&e fig XB^QOPijaop, bxbi ds Kvpiaxog 
ifup fxia&odotTJaH. 14. ^EnaxovoaptBg ds tiPBg t^p atQaticatrnp 
tavta, ^ xal tmv Xo^ayiap tig diayytXXei dg to (stqdtBVfAa. Kai 

01 fiip atQatTjyol Invp&dpopto tibqI tov 2bv&ov notsga noXifAiog 
BiTj 1] epilog^ xal 7i6ts(ju dia tov IfQov ogovg dtot noQBVBcd'ai § 
}tvxX(p dta fiSGTjg tijg Qqdxr^g, 

15. *Ep q) 8s tavta SieXsyopto ol (TtQatimtai dpaQTzdaartsg 
ta onXa ^iovai Sgofiq} TiQog tag nvXag dag ndXip eig to tBi^og 
elgiopteg. ' O ds ^Eteonxog xal ol avp avt^i dtg sldop ngog&BOP- 
tag tovg onXitagy avyxXeiovai tag niXag xai top fio^Xop if*- 
pdXXovaiP* 16. 01 8s arqatimtai sxontop is tag nvXag xal 
sXeyov on ddixoitata nda^oiBP sx^aXXofispoi elg tovg noXBfilovg ' 
xal xataoiiGBHf tag nvXag scpaaap, tl fjirj sxopteg dpol^ovatp. 
17. ''u^XXoi f sdeop snl ^dXartap xal naqa t?]P x^^h^ ^®^ 
tBixovg vTtBQ^aivovaiP elg tijp noXip * aXXot d oi itvyyarop bpSop 
oPtBg tmv (STQatimtmp tog OQmm ta inl taig nvlaig rrQayftata^ 

LIB. Til. CAP. L 157 

diaxotnovTsg ta^ a^ivais tit xXsl&qa avamtafviovai tci niXa^ 
ol d' eiaTriTitovGtv. 

18. * O ds Sevocpmv (og side ta yiyvofisva, dei<jag fiq tcp u(j7tU' 
jiiv iQanoito to azQcirsvfia xal anjxeata xaxa yivoizo ry noXti 
xai iavT^ xal roTg GTQatioiTaig, e&Ei hoi avvBigniniH eiaon %^v 
TTvXmv avp rqJ oj^^oo. 19. Oi de Bv^avnoi (og eJdov jo atQatevfiu 
^i(t eigntfiTOv, q^svyovaiv ex trig dyogag, oi iiiv eig ra nXoTa, oi di 
oixade ' oaoi ds Svdov irvyj^avov ovteg e|(o b^bov ' oi de xa'&elXxov 
rag r^/J/^£/tf, fag iv raig jQn^Qeai aoi^oii'ro ' navtsg Se ^ovto 
inoXioXivai, dog iaXtoxviag rijg noXsoog, 20, '0 de 'Ereovixoi 
eig rijp axgav anoqievyei, '0 de 'Aval^i^iog xatadqan&iv em 
'O'dXartav iv aheviix^ nXoiq^ neqiinXeir eig rr^v dxQonoXiv, xal 
sif&vg fietamfineiai ix XaXxtjdopog (pQovgovg' ov yaq ixavol 
idoxovv eJvai oi iv tj axQonoXei a%eiv tovg avdgag. 

21. Oi 9e ajQazioi'i ai cog eldov tov Sefoq)6ivtaf nQogmnrovaif 
avT^ TToXXol xai Xtyovai ' Nvv <Joi e^eoTiv, c5 Sevocpmvy ardgi 
yevsG&ai. *^Exeig noXiVy ej^etg zQir^Qsig, sxeig XQW^'^^9 hj^^ avdQog 
roGoviovg. Nvv dv, ei j^ovXoio, cv re ijfidg orrioaig, xai fifieig ci 
liiyav noirjaaifxev, 22. *0 de anexqivaro ' ^AXX ev te Xeyete xal 
noiriata ravta ' ei Se xoirmv BTn^vfieTte, 'O'eGd^e rd onXa iv rd'^ei 
tag tdji^iGta, BovXofievog avrovg xarrjQefiiGai, xal avtog re na" 
grjyyva ravza xai rovg aXXovg fxiXeve naqeyyvav xat ri'&eG&ai rd 
OTiXa. 23. Oi de avrol vcp tarrojv rairofievoi oi re bnXlrai iv 
o7.iyof} XQOvq) eig oxtw iyivovro xal oi ntXraGtal im ro xegag 
ixdreQOv TiagadedQafA/fXtGav. 24. To de j^mQiov oiov xdXXiGrov 
ixraiaG^ai iGri ro Qqkxiov xaXovfieror, eqrifiov oiximv xat nedivov. 
'Enel de exeiro rd onXa xai xarr^QefiiG^mav, GvyxaXeT Sevoqi^v rijv 
Grgaridv xal Xiyei rdds * 

25. ''On fifv ogyl^BGd^e, c5 dvdgeg Grgarimrat, xal vofii^ere 
deivd naG^eiv ihinardfievoi ov ^avfjiu^m. "Hv de T(p ^vjmqJ yagi* 
^(6f4e&a xal Aaxedatfioviovg re rovg nagovrag rrjg i^andri^g r^ita- 
gr^GM^ed^a xai rtjv ttoXiv njv ovdev airiav diagTiaGODfieVf ivd^vfjieiGd'e 
a eGzai ivrevO^ev. 26. TloXifiioi fiev iGOfieda dnodedeiyiievoi 
y^axedaifiopioig xal roig Gv/ifid^oig ' olog S 6 noXefiog dv y/yoezo 
elxd^eiv 5^ nageGrir, emgaxorag xal dvafivr^G^evrag rd vvv dtj 
)9yevri(ieva. 27. 'HfieTg ydg oi 'A&Tjvaioi fjXd^ofiev eig tbv noXh- 



ftor rot TTQo^ ./iaxedatfAOviovg aal rotv avfifjiaxovg* l^wtsg tQirjf^mi 
zag (ilv it d^aldtr^ rag 5' iv zoig ptoogiotg ovx iXdtrovg rgiaxo' 
amv vnaQ)(pvT(xiv de 7zo).Xmp /Qtifidrcov iv rjf noXeif xal ngogc^ot 
ovar^g nar iviuvihv dno ts tmv ivdtjfxtav xai ex ttjg imeQOQiag oi 
fitinv x'Ximp raXavxtov ' dg^^ovrtg de toiv tramv dnaa^v xai ii Ji 
rg 'y^aia noX) ag f^opTeg noXeig aal ip t^ Evgdnri iXXag te noXXicgf 
Hoi aifzb tovTO to Bv^dpttovojiov pvp iafup exopteg, hurefroXsui^d^ri- 
fup ovTcog(Oi» ndrttg vfielg im(Ttaa&e. 28,Nvvde djy ti ip oiofAE^a. 
fiaOeiv ydaxtdaifiopiODP f4ep aai tmp *Aj^amp avfjifjidxtop vTraQ^oprmPt 
*A{friPamp di aal oaoi ixsipoig rote Ijaap avfifiaxoi Tidprmv ngog^ 
yeyevtjfiipODP, TiaaaqiSQPOvg de xal tmp im ^aXdztri dXXmp ^aq^d' 
qmp Tidptmv 7ZoX€fu(ov iifiip optmp, noXfuimtdtov S ainov tov apm 
^aatXtmg, op ^X&ofJiep dq^aiQ'ofsoiiBPoi r« r^ dQ%iiP JcaJ dnoxrs* 
povPTcg el dvpai[ji8&a. Tovtmf d/^ ndpttop ofiov optiop eari tig 
ovzmg aapQfop ogtig ofezai cip ri^dg TTeQiyepea-^ou ; 29. Mri ngog 
^e^p fxaipoified^a firjde uMXQ^g dnoXao^e^a noXefiioi ovjsg Kai tcug 
natQiai xcti roXg fjfieieQoig avioip q)iXoig ts aai olxeioig. *Ep yaq 
tau noXeaiP eiai ndpteg talg icp ruAag OTgatevaofiepaig xcu 
di%ai<og, el ^dg^agop fiep noXip ovdefiiap ^OeXi^aafjiep xaraainuPt 
*aJ tavta xQatovpieg, 'EXXtjpida de eig ^p 7ZQ(6trjp noXip ijX'&OfUVt 
tavtrjp i^aXand^Ofiep. 30. 'Eyo) fup toipvp ev^ofjiai nqiv tavta 
imbeip vcp vfi^p yepofupa fivgiag ifiiys xata ytjg ogyviag yepsad-au 
Kal vfup di 6Vfi^ovXev<a '^EXXfjpag ovtag toig toop 'EXXi^vodp nqoe* 
ctrjxom Tzei&ofiepovg Tzeigda^ai t£p dixaitop tvy^dpsip. 'Eap di fu^ 
dvpTja^^e tavta, tjiiag dei ddixovfiipovg trig yovp 'EXXddog fiij ati' 
gea&ai. 31. Kal pvp [loi doxei mfixpaptag '/4pa^t^i<p eineTp oti 
tlHetg ovdep ^laiop noii^aopteg nageXTjXv&afiep eig tijp noXtp, aXX 
rjp fjiep dvpcoixed-a nag vfimp dya^op ti evgiaxe<5&ai' ei de fAij^ 
aXXd drjXoiaopteg oti ovx H^anatoifiepoi alXd nei'&ofiepoi i^eg^ofie^tt, 

32. Tavta sdo^e ' xal nifinovaip ^legcopvfiop ts 'HXeTov igovp* 
ta tavta xal EvgvXo^op '/4gxd8a xal Q^iX^aiop 'u^^aiop, 01 ^w 
wavta ^xopto igovpteg. 

33. "^Eti de xa^rifiipcdp tmp atgatiatmp Tzgogeg^etai Koigatd 
drjg Qri^aTog, og ov cpevymp tijp 'EXXdda negi^ei dXXa atgattjyt^ 
Hal mayyeXXofiepog ei tig rj TioXtg rj e&pog atgattjyov deoito. Kai 
t6t9 TtqogelMvip eXeyep on ezotfuog ett] fiyela^ai avtoig eig to JiXtm 

LIB. VII. CAP. I. 159 

naXoviJiBPOv rrjg 0Q(ixt]g, ivda noXka xaJ ayada Xi^xpoirro' egre d* 
av fioXouaiVy sig aq: dor lav 7iaQ8%6iv ecprj xal air a k«J not a. 

34. ^A>iOvovai ravta ot atQan^rai xai to. naqa ^Avah^iov 
cifia anayyikXoiieva' anEHQivaio yag on Tzeidofisvoig avioTg cl 
jucTajtt€>liJ(T«, aXXa roig re oiTiOi'tiXsat ravta UTtayyekei aal avrog 
^ovXevgoito TieQi avroov o ri dvvairo dyad'op, 35. 'Ex roitov oi 
arqarmrai rov re Koigarddijv dsxovrai argarijybv xai s^m tow 
tsixovg dnrjXd^ov. ' ds KoiQarddtig ovvrldstai avroTg eig rijv 
iategalav naqiaza^ai im rb argdrevfia ej^tov xai tsgeta xai fAdvrw 
xa\ aita xa\ nord r^ arQarid, 36. 'EtisI f i^ijl'&op, 6 *Aval^i^iog 
IxXeiaa rdg niXag xaJ ixriQvl^eif og dv dX^ ivbov cSy rmv arQarim- 
rmv nenQoaBrai, 37. Tj S varegaia 6 Kotgarddrjg fjiep ejfflof rd 
isgela xai rov fidvriv ^xe, xai dXqjira (pegovreg Hnovro avr^ sixo- 
aiv dpdgsg xai oJvop dXXoi eixoai xai iXai^v rgeig xai axogolftop 
[elg^ dpijg 060p idvvaro fieyi<jTov cpogtlop xai aXXog xgof^f^vcov, 
Tavra de xara&efisvog atg ml ddafievaip e&vsro. 

38. Sevocpmv ds fteraTte/jirpdfievog KXiav^gov ixaXsve diangd- 
Jat 07i(og eig to reix^g re elgtX&oi xai dnonXevaai ix Bv^apriov, 
39. 'EXda)v (f 6 KXeapdgog, MdXa (loXig, ecpij, Stanga^dfiepog i^xm ' 
Xiyeiv ydg 'Ava'^l^iav on ovx mir'q^Biop eifj rovg fih arganoirag 
nXriaiov eJvai rov reixovg, Ssvocp^vza de svdov ' rovg Bv^aptiovg 
8f araaid^eip xai novrigovg ehai ngog dX7r,riXovg • ontag da elgiipai^ 
eg}jy, ixiXsvev, el fiiXXot avv avr^ ixnXeiv, 40. ' O fiiv dij Sepo- 
q)mv danaadfiBPog rovg argandrag eiata rov reixovg dnx^ei avp 
KXedvdgop, * O da Koigarddrjg ry fiep Tigoirf^ W^Q^ ^^^ ixaXXisgei 
aide diBfiirgrj^ep ovdav roTg argarioiraig' rj ^ varegaia rd fjiap 
legaTa eiGtrjxei nagd rov ^oifiov xai Koigarddtjg i(jrsg)av(Ofiepog 09( 
'&v<5(ov ' ngogaXd^mv da Ttfiaamv 6 Jagdavevg xai Nitov 6 'AaivaT' 
og xa\ KXadvoDg 6 ' Ogxofiiviog aXayov KoigardSy iiij d'vaiv, mg ovx 
tiyrjcofJiEPOv Tg crgana, el fAtj dmaei rd mirrideia. 41. 'O Ha xe- 
Xavei diafiergeTa&ai. 'Enel da noXXmv ivsdei avrq^ &gra rjfisgag 
^iiov axaarif yepaod'ai r^v organmrmVy dpaXa^mp ra iegeia anjiH 
KOI rijv argarrjjiav dnamtip. 



1. Nitav ds 6 ^Aawaiog hoi 0Qvnffxog 6 ^Ajaiog xai ^ikric^^q o 
*Aimo*; vLOLi Savd-ixXijs 6 ^Aiaiog xa< TifAoaioM' 6 Jaqdavevg inifisvof 
inl ly aiQatia, xai eig yimfAug tmp OQaxmv TiQoeX'&ovTeg rag xaia 
Bv^dvtiov iatgatOTiedevovTo, 2. Kai oi ctgatvyol iffraaia^of 
KXtdvmQ fjiiv xai 0Qvvi(TKog nQog 2Jevd'r^r ^ovXoiabvoi, ayaiv ' inei^e 
yoQ aitovg, edmxe t^ fuv ititiov, r^ de ywcuxa ' Ndoav ds eU 
XsQQOvt^aop olofievog el vno AaxedaifAonoig yivoivto, navTog if 
figoeardvai tov ctgaTevfJiatog * TifiaaioDv de nQOv&vfisiro nigav tig 
ti]p ^Aalav nahv dia^ijvai, oioiisvog av oixade HateX&elv. 3. Kal 
01 atQatmjai Tuira i^ovXovto. /diaiQi^ofiivov de tov ^Qorov 
TioXXoi 7mv arQazKotrnv, ol fisp ra onXa anodidofievot xara tovg 
^oigovg aninXBov cog idvvavro ' oi de Tioi [didovzeg to, onXa xata 
rovg yjcoQovg^ elg tag TZoXetg KatSfiiyvvovto. 4. 'Apa^i^iog d' i)^aiQi 
ravza axovmv diaqid^eiQoiiBvov to atQatEVfia ' tovToav yaq yiyfo- 
liivmv (^eto fidXtata x(^Q(C^(^^<^f fPaQva^a^qi, 

5. 'AnoTtXeovti ds 'Ava^i^iq^ ix Bv^avtipv avvavta ^Aqiata^- 
j^og Iv Kvl^txqi diddo^og KXedvdgcp Bv^avtiov dgfioati^g • iXeyeto 
df oTi xal vavaQxog diddo^og TImXog oaov ov nagsiri {jdrj elg 'EX- 
Xfignoviov 6. Kal 'Aval^i^iog t^ iih ^Agtatdg^qp imatelXet 
bTT6<yovg av avgoi iv Bv^avtiq^ tmv Kvqov atQatioazmp vnoTieXetH' 
fibinvg dnodoffx^ai ' 6 8s KXsavdgog ovdiva mengaxH' iXXa xa) 
tovg xdfivovtag ed'egdnevev olxieigoav xai dvayxd^ojv oixia dex^- 
ni>ai ' 'AgiaTag^og 6' stzsi r^X&e td^iata, ovx iXdttovg tetgaxoaifxiv 
(iTztdoTo. 7. \4vaiij^iog ds naganXeiaag elg Udgiov nsfiTiei naga 
fl^agvd^a^ov xata ta avyxstfisva, ' O 5' iTiei ^a&sto *Agiatagx6f 
zt r/xovra elg Bv^dvriov dgfiocjtijv xal 'Ava^i^iov ovxeti vnvoQ' 
ypvvxa^ 'Avahplov fjisv rj/jisXtjaSj Tzgog 'Agiatag^ov de diengdtteto 
ta avta Tzsgt tov Kvgsiov otgatevfiatog ansg xai ngog ^Ara^i^iof 

8. 'Ex tovTOv 6 'Ava^i^iog xaXiaag Sevocp^vta xeXevei naai 
tsypYi xcti iirixavxi nXsvaai em to atgdtevfia mg ta^wta^ xai 
cvtiyi^siv te avtb xai avvad^goi^eiv tmv diecTtagfieptap dg cer 
wXtlatovg dvpt^tai, xai ttagayayopta elg tijv iUqip^op dia^i^il^w 


Jg t^v ^Aciav on rdiustcL * xaJ didmaip avt(p tQumdttOQOv xa» 
imatoXr^v itai avdga (^vfinifinu xslevaopta rovg JJb^iv&iovs ©«; 
rd'^iaza Ssvocp^vra nqonifiypai roTg tnnoig im to atQateviia. 
9. Kai 6 fJLsv Sevoq)mv dianXevaag dq)ixv£itai im 16 arQarevfia ' 
ol ds CTQaiimTai idi^avio rjdtmg nal ev'&vg emovto acfiEvoi ooft 
dia^ijaofisvoi ix tijg Ggaxijg elg r^y ^Aaiav, 

10. ' be 2^ev&7]g dxovaag ^xovia ndXiv m^xpag nqog avtof 
[xara d-dXatiav] Mtjdoaddfjv ideito ttjp atQutidf ayeiv nqog eav 
ror, vniaxpov/ievog avt^ ti ^sto Xiymv Tzeiceip, 'O 5* dnexgi 
paro avr^ on ovdsp olop je eirj rovtaop ytPsaOai. 11. Kai 6 fiet 
tavra dxovoag ^ibio. 01 f ^EXXtjpsg imi dqiixopjo elg TUqip^ov^ 
Nidop fiev dnoandaag iaTgatonsdevaato x^Q'S '^X^p dig oxtaxoai' 
ovg dp&QoiTzovg ' to f aXXo atgdievfia ndp ip t^ avt^ naga to 
Tsixog TO UeQipd^laop t]p. 

12. Mera tavta Sepoq)mp iisp inqajte nsQi nXoicap^ OTtmg ou 
rdxicra dia^aiep. 'Ep ds Tovrqi dcptxofievog ^AQicraQXog 6 ex 
JBv^aviiov dQfioatijgy Ixtor 8vo TQt^osig, neneiaiiipog vno 0aQpa^ 
Bd^ov TOtg Tfi pavxXriQoig dnelne firj didyeip, eX&dp re em to azgd- 
revfia roig CTQarioitaig elne fit] TTegaiovad-ai eig i^p 'Aaiap. 
13. ' O ds Sepocfmp sXsysp on Avaii^iog ixeXevae, xai f/jie ttqo^ 
Tovto eTTBfjixpEP sp&dde. ndXip S* AQiaragxog eXe^ep ' 'Apal^i^iog 
uep TOiPVP ovxtn puvaqxog, eydi de t^de aQfioat^g' el de iipa 
vfimp Xr^xpofiai ev ty d^aXdrrri xaradvao). Tavta etn(X)P Q>/fTO elg 
TO T€r;fo^. 14. T^ ^ vateqala fxeTanefinetai rovg argartjyovg 
xai Xoxctyovg rov arQarevfJiarog, "^Hdrj de oprmp ngog tq) reixei 
e^ayye%Xet rig tqH Sepocpmvn on el eigsiaif <svXXi]cpd'i]aerai xal Jj 
avrov ri neiaerai r^ xai ^agra^d^qi naqabo&riaerai. 'O 5f, 
dxovaag ravra rovg fitp nQoniimeraiy avrog d' eJnep on &vaai ri 
BovXoiro. 15. Kai dneX&dir ed'veto el ngoeiep avr^) ol ^eol nei- 
Qua^ai TTQog Ztvdriv dysip ro argdievfia ' imga ydg ovre dia^ai- 
peip d(7cpaXlg ov rQUjQeig exoprog rov xtaXmoprog * ovr im XbqqO' 
friaov eXx^a)v xaraxXei^&Tjvai f^ovXeto xcti ro arqarevfia sp noXX'j 
(TTidpe^ ndvtcap yeveaO^ai ' tv&a neid^ea&ai ftep dpdyxrj t^J ix6i 
igfioar^f rojv 8e emtT^deicop ovdh FfitXXep tSetP ro (Trgdrevfia. 

16. Kai 6 flip dficp} ravra elxep ' 01 Ss aTQatr]yol xai Xo/a/oi 
^norreg nctQa rov \4Qi(jrdQxov dni^yyeXXor on pvv fiev dmerm 


aqiag neXivet, ftjg dtikrjg He Ijhbiv ' Iv&a xcu dijlf^ fucXlav Sdoxa ^ 
ini^ovXiq* 17. ' O ovv Sepoq}mv, mel idoxei ta lega xaXa ahta 
«vtq5 xal 7^ (TTQatevfjian, daq)aXmg ngog ^iev&rii' Uvea naQaXct^m 
TIoXvaQdrriv tov 'ud&rjfouov Xox(ty6v xal naqa Tmv axqarriym 
ixaatov avSga, nXt^r nofo. Neoavog, cp ixaaiog imarsvev ^x^^ 
jrjg vvxiog int to 2ev&ov aiQaiBviAa i^tjxorra azddia. 18. ^Enu 
If iyyvg ^aav aiftov, imrvj^dvei nvQOig igi^fioig, Kai to fup 
ngooTov (^BTO fuzaxexonQrixevai not tov 2^ev&tjv. 'Eftei ds &oqv§ov 
tB ^ad^ETO xal at^fuuvoptoDv dXX^Xoig tcov negl £ev&rjv, xaisfia&ev 
OTi rovtov et^exa ta nvga xexavfieva eit] rtp ^evO^ ngo tmv vvxto- 
(pvXdxmv OTioag ot iilv cpvXaxeg firj oq^vio h tq) cxoxei ovTsg fjii^re ono' 
cot (iritB onov ehv, oi de nQogiovteg fjiij Xav&dvoi^v dXXa diato (pwg 
naracpavElg ehv ' 19. BTrel de ria&ero, ngofrefiTtei tov igfirjvea ov itvy- 
^avev Bxoavy xal eiTisiv xeXevei 2^evd^ri oti Sevoq^^v ndqeati ^ovXo- 
uevog Gvyyevia&ai avtqi. 01 d' f/govto el 6 '^&7^vawg 6 dno tov 
ctQutevfxaTog. 20. 'ETietdrj ^ sq:t^ ovtog elvai,dva7irjdi^aavTFS 
idi<axov ' xai oXlyov vategov nagijaav neXtaatal o<jov diaxoatoi^ 
xai TtotgaXa^ovteg Sevoq^oivTa xai tovg avv avt^ r^yov ngrg 2!ev- 
^T]v, 21. *0 5* Tjv ivtvgast fidXa q^vXattofjievog, xal innoi mgl 
avtTjv xvxXo^f iyxexaXivoofjLsvoi ' did ydg tov (po^ov tag fuv r^fitgag 
i^iXov tovg innovgy tag Ss vvxtag iyxexaXivoDfisvotg iqjvXdttsto. 
22. 'EXsyato ydg xal Trgoa&EV Ti^gtjg 6 tovtov ngoyovog iv tait\i 
tJ X^Q^f TzoXh s^mv tjtgdtevfjia vno tovtcov tmv dvdgoiv noXXovg 
dnoXiGai xal td axBvocpoga dcpaigs'&rjvat. ^Haav f ovtoi &wol, 
ndvttov Xeyo/ievoi sJvai fidXiata vvxtog TToXsfiixoitatoL 

23. 'Enel S' lyyvg ricav, ixtXevaev elgsXd^eTv Sevoqicovta s^ofm 
dvo ovg ^ovXoito. ^Erreidl] 8f €v8ov r^aavy TJtJTrd^ovto fiev ngmTor 
dXX^Xovg xai xatd tov Ggdxiov vofjiov xigata oivov ngovmvov' 
nagrjv ds xai Mrjdoaadtjg tq5 2Jev&ri ognag ingea^evev avt^ nif- 
toas, 24. Eneita de Sevocpojv figxeto Xiyeiv ' '^EnefAxpag ngog ifii, 
<3 2ev^ri, Big XaXxr^dova ng^tov Mrjdoffddrjv tovtov), dBOfievog 
fiov GVfiTTgo&vfirji^ijvai dta^rjvai to atgatavfia ix ttjg *Aatag, xai 
vniGX^'OvuBvog fxoi, el ravra ngdiaifiiy bv noti^aEiv, mg Igjiy Mrjdood- 
dt^g ovtocL 25. Tavta elnmv enrigeto tov Mt^doaddfjv at dXtj^ri 
tavt Birj, *0 d' eq}rj. Av&ig TjXd^B MTjdo(Tddrjg ovtog Ittb) eyw 
4tB3yv ndXiv ml to atgdtevfjia ix ITagiov, vmax^ovfJiBvog, si ayoifu 

LIB. VII. CAP. II. 163 

fi fftgdrevfia ngog ai, raXXa rsae cptloj ^f^ifcrccy^ai xal a^tXcp^ ncii 
tit Tzaga ^alaTzi] fjioi xtagia mv av ugazeii; iaea^ai naga aov. 
26. 'Em Tovtotg Tzdhv inr^gezo lov Mrjdoaddrjv €i sXeys tavta. 
O ds avvsq)i] xal tavza. "^I&i vvv, sq)i]^ dqjriyriaai rovtcpriaoi dnexgi- 
vdiAt^v iv XaXxfjdovi ngwrov. 27. 'Antnglvio ore to atgdtBVfia dia^rj' 
coizo eig BvZdvtiov, xaJ ov8sv tovzov ivexa dsoi teXsif ovte aoi ovte 
alXqy ' avtog di mti dta^alijgy dnifvai iq)fj6'd^a * xa) iyiveto ovtmg cStf- 
neg av €X€yeg- 28. Ti ydg sXeyov, Icptjy ots xata £rikv^glav aqiUov ; 
Oifx ECfmx^a oiov z etvai^ dXl elg Tligiv&ov ik&ovtag dia^aivBiv elg 
rriv 'Aaiav. 29. Nvv toivvv, ti-prj 6 Sevoq^mv, ndgeifii ndi iym xa« 
ovzog fl^gvviiTitog eJg tmv (jtgaTrjyav nai FloXvugatr^g ovzog sig tmv 
Xoxf^y^y ' 5*«« ^|oj EiGiv oLTrb tmv atgatTjywv 6 niatotatog ixdatcp 
nXr]v Ni(ovog tov u^axmvixov. 30. El ovv ^ovXei mfftotsgap 
elvai zTjv Tigdhv, xaJ ixeivovg xdXeoai. Ta ds onXa av iX'&cav 
eiTTS cS JJoXvxgazsgy oti iyoi) xsXevta xataXineiV xal aiftog ixsi 
KataXmmr tijv fidxccigav eiigi&i. 

31. 'yixovaag tavta 6 Zevdrig elnev oti ovdevi av dmari^asiev 
*j4&rival(xiv * xal yag oti avyysvsTg dev eldsvai xal cpiXovg evvovg 
ecptj vofxi^etv, Meza tavta ^ inei elgijXO^ov ovg edei, ngmtov Sevo- 
(pav inriQBto 2!sv&r]v o ti 8soito XQ^^^f^^ ^fi atgatia. 32. *0 S 
elnsv oj8s ' Maiaddrjg ^v natrig fioi * ixeivov 5* ^v dgxi] MeXavdl" 
rai xa) Ovvol xal Tgaviipai, 'Ex tavtrjg ovv trjg xdgag, btibi ta 
^Odgvamv ngdyfiata ivoorjaev, ixTzeamv 6 natrig «vto^ fiiv dno- 
x^vtiaxei v6(T(p ' iyoi) d' i^stgdq}7]v ogqjavog naga Mrfioxcp t^ vvv 
^aaiXei. 33. 'Ensi df veaviaxog iyevofitjp, ovx idvvd/jiTjv ^v elg 
dXXotgiav tgdnel^av dno^Xinfov ' xal ixa&e^o/irjv ivdicpgiog avtc^ 
Ixtrrig dovvai fiot onoaovg dvvatog eirj avSgag, onoag xou tovg 
ix^aXovtag rjftdg ei ti dvvaififjv xaxoy noioiTjv xal ^o^tjv firj elg trjv 
ixtlvov tgdnttav dno^XfTzmv fSgnsg xvoov, 34. 'Ex tovtov [ioi 
9td(oai tovg avdgag xai tovg innovg ovg vfihTg oxpead^e insidav 
v^AhQct yipr^tai, Ka) vvv hym fca tovtovg exoiv, XTjiXofJievog tTjv 
ifxuvtov mttgqmv jfaj^jav. El 8s fxoi vfjieig nagayivoia&e, olfiai av 
ifvv toTg x^toTg gaSmg dnoXa^Biv trjv dgx^v, Tavt iaziv a iyto 
v^mv 880 fiat. 

35. Ti av ovv, Icpr^ 6 SevocpmVy av 8vvaio, bI iXd'otfiev, tJ n 
tugatia Movat xa) tolg Xox(f'yoig xou toig fStgatrr^fsXfi \ ^£^<imi. 


If a ovToi anayyiXXcaaiv, 36. * O 5« vniaittc toy fiiv GiQaTicii 5 
KV^iy^rivoVy T^ bi Xo'jiiay^ bijioiqiav, rep di (JZQarrjy^ jtrQafioi()iaff 
ycai yllv OTioaijv av ^ovXcavtai xaJ l^tvyri %a\ yuaqiov em {^aXdrj^ 
tezeiXK^fisvov. 37. 'Eap d\ sg)t] 6 Ssvocp^Vy ravTa neiQOOfisvoi fiii 
bianQol^aoiiBVy akXd itg qiO^og- ano ^axedatjiovimv ^, ds^id elg rr^f 
aeavTOv av rig amsvai ^ovX/jTai tzclqu ae ; 38. '0^ etne' Kti 
adtXq.ovg ye noiriaofiai }{ou ivdicfqlovg xai Tioivtovovg andviav fat 
av dvvoifie&a Htd6'&ai. 2o\ 5*, c5 Sevoqtmv, xal ^vyatiqa dc>(roi 
xa! Bi tig 6o\ iiJti &vydrijQ, <ivt]<jOfiai QqaMty v6fi(^ ' xal Bicdv- 
^riv oixrjair doiam oneq ifiol xdiliarov yitaqiov iatl tmv ini 


1. ^AxovaavTsg ravta xai de^idg dovteg xal Xa^ovrsg anr^Xav- 
vov ' nal ngb ruiiqag fyivovro m\ ic^ azQaroTtsdqp xal aTti^yyeiXav 
ixaatoi zolg Trtfixpaatr. 2. ^Errel Si ^fieqa iyevszo, 6 fisv '^QiGjaq- 
log ndXiv ixdXei rovg GTQarriyovg xai Xo^ayovg ' roig f Ido^s 1^9 
fisv TiQog ^AqiaraQiov odbv idaai, to de orgdrevfia avyxaXsaai. 
Kal awrjX&ov Tidvztg nXtjv oi A^smvog ' ovtoi de dnuyipv (og dsxa 
arddia. 3. 'EttsI ds avvfjX'&oVf dvaardg Stvoc^v aJne zdbe' 
^AvbqBgj dianXetv fisv iv&a ^ovXofied^a AgiaTaQXog rgifJQeig iyw 
xcoXvBi* mgt eig nXoTa ovx d^qiaXlg ifi^aiveiv ovtog ds avthg 
nsXsvBi eig Xe^QOvrjaov ^la dia zov Isqov oQOvg Tiogevea^ai ' J]v dt 
xQaz^aavjsg zovzov ixeias eXd^oof^eVy ovzs nrnXriaBiv ezi vfidg cprjaiv 
mgneQ iv Bv^avzicp, ovts s^anazi^aBff&ai izi tfidg, dXXd Xi^xpe- 
(Sx^ai uiaO^ovy oitf nBQioxpBad^ai tti (ogneg vwl dBOfiivovg zm 
f.mzrjdBicav. 4. Ovzog fiiv zavza Xsysi' ^Bv-d^rjg de q^ijaiv, ar 
ngog bhbivov ffjze, bv noii^aBtv vfidg, Nvp ovv axixpac^a noztqw 
iv&dds fiBvovzBg rovi o^ovXbvgbc^b ^ Big za imzi^dBia inavBX^of- 
7Bg. 5. 'Efjiol fisv ovv doxBi, mel iv&dds ovtb aqyvQiov sxofisv 
tfere dyogd^Biv ovzs dvsv dgyvgiov imtri Xafi^dveiv zd inizrfiBia^ 
fTTut'sX'd'ovzag Big zdg xoifiag o&bv 01 Tjzrovg fcocr* XaiA^dvtiVy cx« 
B^oviag zd iniz^dBia dxovovzag zi zig vfiav dBizai aigeiad^ai o ti 
Slv vf4iv doxy xgdriffTOv tlrui* 6. Kai ot(J), Bcprj^ zavza 9ox«, 
i^droo rff Z^^^* *AvBZ8ivav dnavzBg, ^AniovzEC roipw^ Sg^ 


avaxBvd^ead^e, xai ineUiav ncLQayyeiXxi tig, entad^e rep ^ov 

7. Meta ravra Sevoqi^v fdv tjysito, ol ^ nnono. Nmv Hi 
xai 7ia{ta ^AQiaidg'jKpv aXXoi inei^ov dnotqima^ai ' ol de oij^ 
vn^xovov, 'Ensl de oaov tQidxovta cradiovg TiQoeXrjXvd'eGaVf 
anavia ^ev&rjg. Kal 6 S^vocp^v idmv airov nqogsXacai ixeXev- 
G8P, OTioag St I nXeiotoav axovovroDv sinoi avr^ a idoxsi avfiq)SQeiv, 
8. 'Ensi di ngog^X&sVy sine SsvocpAv ' 'Hfxeig noQevofjLt&a onov 
uiXXei. i^eiv to ctQatevfia iQocpriv ' eKSi de aKOvovreg xat Joi> xa< 
TWf rov ^axmvixov aiQtjcjOfie'&a a av xQauara doxy eJvai. ^^Hv 
ovv ^fuv riyriaxi onov nXelcrd iativ imti^deia, vno aov voinovfiBv 
i^eviffd'ai' 9. Kal 6 2ev&7jg eq^rj^'^XXa oJda xcAfiag TioXXag 
dO^Qoag xcu ndvra i^ovcag ta mit'^deia anexomag ijfimv oaof 
dieX'&ovTsg av {jStoag aQiGJ^rjTS* ^Hyov roivvt, fcprj 6 Sevocpoov, 
10. 'Enel ds a(fixovro slg avzag rijg deiXtig, ovvtjX'&ov oi atgazio^' 
rat, xal elna ^ev'&^g Toidde' 'Eyojj ca dvdgsg, deofiai vi^imf 
aiQatevEO&ai avv i/ioi* xal vnitrivovfiai vfiiv doiasiv toig atgu" 
tioitaig xv^ixrjvov, Xoxayoig di xa) oTQartjyoTg ra vofii^ofisva' 
e^o) de rovTcav tov dl^iov tiiirjoG), Jara de xal nora mgneg xat 
vvv ex trig xcigag Xafi^dvovteg e^ete, 'Onoaa de av dXiaxrjTM 
d^imam avtog exeiv, iva ravta diati&efievog hfuv tov fuad'bi^ 
TZOQi^oa. 11. Kat ra fxev cpevyovra xai dnodidgdaxovra TjfieTg 
cxavol iaofiB&a dioixetv xal fiaareveiv * av de rig dv&iarijtai, ovr 
vfuv neigaaofie&a x^fQOva&ai, 12. 'Enfigero 6 Sevocpmv * Tloaov 
de dno {^aXdttrig d^idaeig avvenea^ai aoi rb (srgdtevfia ; *0 f 
dnexgivaro ' Ovdafirj nXelov enra Tjfjiegmv, fieiov de noXXaxri, 

13. Meta ravra ididoto Xeyeiv r^ ^ovXofievqi. Kal eXeyop 
timXXoi xard ravra on navrog d^ia Xeyoi2ev&rig * x^^f^^^ 7^ **^» 
xai ovre oixade aTtonXeiv r(p rovro ^ovXofievco dwarbr eitj, diaye- 
vea&ai re ev qnXia ovx olov r etrj, ei deoi mvovfievovg J^v ' iv de tJ 
fioXefila diargi^eiv xal rgeqtead^ai dacfaXeategov fieza Uevd-ov J 
fiovovg ovrmv dya&^v roffovreov ' el de fiia&ov ngogXi^xpoivro, ev- 
Qfjfta idoxei eJvai. 14. 'Enl rovrotg elne Sevocpmv ' Eirig dvriXiytij 
Xeyirta • ei de fit] imtpricpi^erm ravra. 'Enel de ovdelg avteXeyev^ 
ins\f)i^q}iae^ xai Ido^e ravra* Ev&vg de Sav&Q elna ravrn, m 
av^rgartmoyno avr^» 


15 Mira tovto oi fxir aXkoi xara td^sig iffH^vyaav ' tnQatri' 
fovg de HCii Ao/wyoyt; im deinvor ^tv&rig iyidXeaSy nXriaiov xwfitjp 
lx(ov, 16. 'Entl d* im -^vgaig ^aav <ag im deiTtvov naQiort^^ ^ 
tig*HQaxXe(8rjg MaQODveitTjg' oviog TTQogimv evi 8xdat(p ovgtivaq 
(}sTO f)[eiv ti dovvai 2ti&r^, nQmzov fxiv ngog Uaqiavovg tivag, oi 
nagijiJav qiXiav dtaTigal^oiJievoi Tigog Mi^doaov rov Odgvaoov Baai- 
Xta xai 3aQa uyovifg avt^^ re xal tJ yvtaini, sXeyev oti Mrjdoxoq 
uiv dvca tiirj doidtxa i^fisgrnv ano &aXdTrfjg odov ' £€vOi]g ds insidii 
TO atQaziVfAO, tovto til?/g)fy, ciQX(ov iaoito im d'aXdttri ' 17- yei- 
tnv ovv &v havdotatog larai ifiag xal ev xai xaxoog noihlv. ^Hf 
ovv amcpQOVijte, Tovtcp dcaaete o zi dyste • xai dfietvov vfuv diaxei- 
6etai ^ iav Mr^86xq> t(J) ngoaoi} olxovvti Smre. Tovtovg fjiev ovrtag 
STietOev. 18. Av^ig be Ttfiaaicovi t^ /daQdavei ngogeXd^mv, iTisi 
fixovGtv avT^ elvai xal ixTKOfiaza xal tdmbag ^ag^agixag, eXsysv 
oTi vofii^oizo onore im dtrnvor xaXiaairo 2!ev'&rjg dtagaia^^ai 
avT^rovg xXridivrag' ovrog'S J[i' fAsyag iv&dde ysprjtaty Ixavhg 
iatai ae xai orAadt xatayayelv xal iv&dSs nXovmov Ttoir^ffOL 
Toiavia frgovfitdto ixdatqt ngogitav, 19. ngogBX-drnv de xai 
Zevocpavn iXsya ' 2iv xal noXtwg fieyiaTijg eJ, xal nagd 2av^\^ to 
aov ovofia iiiywrov iati ' xal iy rj^e Ty jfm^« tatag a^ioiaetg xal 
tsixt] XafJi^dvetVy fagtreg xal dXXot t^v vfAerigoDv iXa^ov^ xal ^dgav • 
a^iovovvaoi xal fityaXongBniaiaia tifitjoai JJev&ijv. 20. Evvovg 
de 601 cov nagaiv^ ' tv oi8a yag on oaqy dp iJLei^09 rovr^ 8(ogr^<r(i, 
loaovrq^ fieiX(x> vno toviov dya&d TrMarj. L^xovcor ravja Serocp^w 
rinogu * oi yag dta^t^i^xsi iyifav ix Tlagiov si fiij noudff 9*(f 060f 

21. 'Entl da algtjXOov im to dainpov rcor r« QgnxKip oi xgdtir 
atoi tmv nagovtmv xai oi (jtgatt^yol xal oi Xoxayol tcav 'EXXi^tmf 
xal SI tig ngaa^tla Ttagrjv d;io noXatog, zo dsinvop ftav ijv xa'&r^fu 
voigxvxXcp' anaiza de tginodag tUi]va'xd'tjcav Tzdatv' ovroi f tjoap 
xgamv fiaatol vavefjLtjfiivcov, xal agzoi ^vfihai uaydXoi ngognansgo^ 
vriiiivoi ^aav Tzgog totg xgaam. 22. MdXiata da ai tgdTZS^at xaza 
tohg ^ivovg del irid^avzo * vofiog yag ^v. Kai ng^tog tovt6 
inoiai 2iSv&r]g • dvaXofiavog tovg savt^ nagaxaifAivovg dgrovg diixXa 
xata (iixgbv xal dis^gintai olg avt^ idoxai ' xai td xgia (ogavrmg, 
iaop fiOPOf^ yevaaad'ai iavrc^ xataXmdv. 23. Kai oi ctlXoi ^ 


aara ravta inoiovv xa& ovg ai tgaTis^ai exstvto. ^Aqxag de rt4 
*A{}iarag ovofia, cpayeiv dsivog, to filv ^la^qmtilv fifa j^oUqbiv^ Aa- 
i^mv be £ig tr^v j^eiga oaov TQixomxov olqjov tuu xQta -^e/Asvog inl 
zu yovarct idsinvei. 24. KeQata d* oipov 7ieQiiq)eQ0v, xai Tidnsg 
fd^'^ovzo. *0 i* ^AgvaTag, tTztl naq avtov qjSQoop ro xfQag 6 oivO' 
'j(6og ij'Aev, elnsv Idmv tov Sevocpmvia ovxen det/irovvra ' 'Exuv<pf 
?cpJ], dog ' Gj^old^si yuQ fibril iy^ S ovdeTtm. 25. ^Axoicag ^ev- 
^qg Tj]v q)Oi)vi]v TjQoita tov oivoioov li Xsyoi, ' O Ki olvo^oog elnei' * 
eXXt^nXsiP yotQ rjmazato. 'Eviav&a fiiv drj yeXoog iysfezo. 

26. ^Enel ds TTQOvxoigei 6 notogy aigJjX'&ev dvtjQ Qga^ inno9 
s^fov Xevxop • xai la^cov xegag ftsarov, tine ' IlQomvto aoi, o) 2!svm 
&qy xou TOV iTTTzov tovtov d(OQovfjiai, i(p ov xai dioixoDV ov av 
^eXug, aiQ^aeigy xai dno)[0!)Qmv ov [iri deiayg rov noXifiiov, 27. "AX- 
7.og Tzaida slgayaymv ovtoag idonQ^aato ngomvoDv, xai dXXog 
Ifidtia zy yvvaixi Kal Tifiaalmv nQonivcov idoDgi^aaro g)tdXfiv ti 
'dgyvgdv xai zdnida d^iav dtxa fjivoiv. 28. Fvfiainnog ds rig 
Ax^rivaiog dvaarag bIttev on dg-^aiog eir^ vofxog xdXXifftog rovg 
fiev ej^ovrag didovai rqj ^aaiXei tiurig fvexa, roTg de (jLtj i)^ov<n 

bidovat TOV ^aoiXta ' Iva xa\ iya>f iq^ri, exoa <JOi doagsio&ai xai Tifidv. 
29. O ds Sevocpmv fjTiogeiTOf o ti noi^aoi ' xai ydg hvyxavev tog Tifnto- 
utvog, iv TQ) nXtiaiaitaTcp diq)gcp 2^sv&ri xa^j^fievog. 'Odi 'HgaxXei' 
dr^g ixtXtvev avT^ to xtgag ogi^ai tov oivoxoov, '0 8s Sevocpojv, rjd/j 
ydg vTToneTtayxojg itvyxavev, dvsaTt] &aggaXt(og de^dfievog to xe- 
gag xai elnsv ' 30. ^Eyo) de aotf c5 ^ev&rjj didoafii ifiavTov xai Tovg 
ifjiovg TOVTOvg eTaigovg cpiXovg thai niaTOvgy xai oidsva dxovTOf 
dXXd ndvTag ^aXXov hi ifiov aoi ^ovXofxevovg cpiXovg elvau 
31. Kal vvv ndgeiGiv ovSfv g6 ngogaiTOvvTegy dXXd xai ngol'sfievot 
yut Tiovelv vnig aov xai 7igoxiv8vvevtiv i&iXovtsg' fAeO' mv, dp 
ifi Otol \^tX(oai, TioXXr^v xoigo^v ^^*' f^^ dnoXi^xpT] naTgc^av ovaav, 
rz/y de xTt^art, noXXovg de Innovg, TtoXXovg de dvdgag xai yvvaixag xa- 
Xdg xt/^ar^yOvg ov Xr^t^eai^aidEijaei, dXX avTol (fegovrtg nagiaovroi 
ngog ae d^ga, 32. 'AvaoTag 6 2iev{^tjg ovve^eme xai avyxaTsaxBddaa' 
TO ftezd TovTO TO xigag. Metd Tavza eigtjXd^op xegaci ts ototg (Jtjfial- 
povciv avXovvzeg xae GdXmy^iP dfio^otvaig gv^^fiovg re xai olop fJiaydJii 
aaXn^^opteg, 33. Kai avTog 2ievd^rjg dpacTag dvixgayi ti no* 


XefitKOv xal ih]XaTo SaneQ ^sXog qivXarrofierog fidXa iXcupQAg, 
ElaiQeaap ds xai yEXtotonoioL 

34. * ^g 8' T^v r^hog im bvaiiaigy dviorrjaav ofEXXTjveg xal eh 
nov on ^ga vvKTOcpvXaxag xa-^iotdvat yaJ avv&tjfjia nagadidofcu. 
Kai ZEvl^r^v iatXevov naQayyeiXai OTicog eig ra 'EXXr^mta argatO' 
neda fir^dsig rmv Ognao^v s^gttat vvxrog * of re yaq noXffjitoi &Qn- 
aeg v^lv x«? riyuv oi cpiXoi. 35. 'Qg 5* i^'QSGav, awavearij 6 2!sv- 
^tjg ovdfv 11 fie&vorti iootdg, ^E^sX^mv S elnev avtovg rove 
atqaTTiyovg dnoxaXsaag ' ^^ rndqeg, oi noXiiiioi Tjfjimv ova lacujl 
71(0 t^v rjfieregar avfifiaj^iav ' ^v ovv sXd'oafiev in avrovg ngiv qtvXd- 
^a6&ai <agte fiij XriqiO^tjvai. ^ naQaGnsvdaaa&ai mgre dfivraa&aiy 
fidXiara dv Xd^oifiev yut dvd^Qmnovg xaJ ;f^j/^ara. 36. 2vvBni- 
vow tavza oi atQaTTjyo) nal rjyeia&at i}(sXevov. * O f bItie ' Ha 
gaaxevaadfiepoi dvafjisvste ' iyw f onorav xaigbg ^ ^Jw nghg 
vfAoig ' xal rovg ntXraardg xaJ vndg dvaXa^mv ^y^aofjiat avv toig 
&eoTg. 37. Kal 6 Ssfoqjojv elm' 2}ii\pai loivWy eineg wHtog 
nogevffofjie&a, si 6 ^EXXtjnxog rofxog xdXXiov sx^i ' ^le^ r/fisgav fiff 
ydg iv taig nogeiatg r^yehai lov atgarevfiarog onoiov dv de] ngog 
tr]v ^dogav cvfAq}egriy idv tb onXirixov idv te neXTaaTixov idv is 
innixov ' vvxrcog de vofiog roTg "EXXriaiv r^yeXad^ai iaji to ^gadv- 
tarov 38. ovtto ydg i^mara biaandrai rd (jrgarevfjiaTa xal 
^maza Xav&dvov6iv dnobi^gdaxovreg dXXriXovg' oi de duxana- 
a&ivieg TioXXdxig xal neginintovaiv dXXrfkoig xaJ dyvoovvteg xaxmg 
noiovm xaJ ndaxovaiv. 39. Elnev ovv ^^ev&tjg ' ' Og&mg re Xsyeis 
Kot fym Tcp vofiop i^ vfieTegop neiaofAai, Kai vfuv fiev Tjyefiovag 
doiffm rav frgea^vrdioav lohg ifineigordtovg trig )[(6gag, avrog If 
icpBipofiai reXevtalog rovg innovg eyjav ' tayy ydg ngojTog av d«/ 
nagiaoiim. HvvOtjfjta S* elnov ^AQBNAIAN xard jrj^ avyyi- 
veiav. TavT elnovxeg dvenavovto. 

40. 'HvUa d^ Tjv dficpt fxsoag vmtag, nagt^v J^ev&rjg f^wr tovg lit- 
fteag Te&mgaMafievovg xa) rovg neXtaatdg avv toig onXoig, Kcu inu 
nagedtaxe rovg fjyefiovag, oi filv onXltai fjyovPtOf oi de neXtaaTou einof* 
TO, oi de inneig mma&ocpvXdxovv. Al.'Enet. 8e ^fiiga tjv, 6 2evdifig na- 
g^Xavvev elg to ngoGd^ev xai enrjveae 70v*EXXrjvixop voiaov ' froXkdiof 
yap sqjtj fvxrmg avtog xa\ avv oXiyoig nogevofievos dtioanac^ijvm 

LIB. Vll. Cap. IIL 169 

gvp roi^ iTtnoig af:o tmv nel^civ ' vvv de maneg dsiad^qSot ndfteg afia 
r^ tjfjifQa q)aip6fjie&a, ^AXt vimg (i£P neQiftersTB avtov xou avanait- 
a^e • iy^ de ansxpoifievog ti r^^m, 42. Tavt elnaiv I^Xavve di oQOvg 
e^ov tiva Xa^oiv. 'Enel ^ aq)ixeTO eig iiqvol nokViriVy icHexparo el 
tliij rpjy avd'Qcinmv $ Tigoffoa ijyovfispa § ivaptia. 'Ertet ^« ar^ 
(iJj BcoQoc tTjp 68ov, jjx« ra)[y ndXiv xaJ ikeyBv • 43. ^AvdQeg, ytaXmg 
aarai, r/p d^eog '&sXri ' rovg yag dpd'Qmnovg Xi^ao/isp imneaoptsg* 
*AXX iyo) flip tjyi^aofjiai toig innoig, onoog dp ripa iStofiePf fiij dia- 
q)vyoi}p (Jr-fjir^PTd ^o*5? noXsfiioig ' vimg f mead'B ' hup ^SKp^^re, rep 
ur/jtfw imp Inntip inea^e' vTieg^dptsg da td oqi] ^^ofjiep sig xmfAag 
aoXXdg re xai evdaifiopag. 

44. 'Hpixa de tip fieaop fifisgag, ^drj re qp im rotg dnQOig xa< 
xatidmp tag xoifiag ^xbp iXavptop nqog tovg bnXitag xa< iXeyev ' 
AcpriGfa fidri xara&elp rovg fisp mniag slg rb jiediop, tovg de neX» 
taatdg im rag Hoifiag. *u4XX mea^s dg up dvprjad^e td^urta, 
OTimg sdp zig vq)t(7Trjt(»i., dXe^rjad'e, 45. ^Axovactg ravta 6 Septh 
cpmv xats^t] dno rov innov. Kou og fiqeto ' Ti xata^aipetg inei 
oftsvSeiP del ; Olba, sq)7], on ovx ifiov fiopov day ' oi f onXitM 
^dtrop dQUfiovpjai xai rjdiop, idp xai iym Tie^og ijymfiai, 

46. Merd ravta ^xero xou Tifiaaioop fiet avtov i^mp innia^ 

tog teiTogdxopta tmp' EXXr/piop, Sepoipoip de naQtjyyvijae tovg elg 

TQidxopta etT] naqupai dnh tmp Xoifop ev^oipovg. Kai atftog (m^ 

itQoxaCe tovtovg ex€op ' KXedprng de r^yeito imp dXXcup ^EXXipfo^f 

4!7, 'EtzeI ^ ip talg xoifiaig r^aup, ^ev&rjg ^eof oaop tQidxopta 

inniag nqoceXdaag sine ' Tdde drj, m Sepoqtmp, a <rv iXeyeg ' e%0V' 

tai oi dp'&QmTioi • dXXd ydg tQt^fiot ol iTiTieig oixoptai (loi aXXog 

ilXXn dioixiap xai dedotxa iii} atatdpteg d&Qooi nov xaxop r% 

foydfffoptai ol noXijuoi. Au de xai ip toig xoifioig xatafieveip 

tifdg ^f4(op ' [Aeatal ydg elaip dpd^QoiTfaiP. 48. ^AXX eyw fup, iqmi 

b Sepocpmp, avp oig Ix^ ^^ dxga xataXi^xpOfiai* ah de KXedpoga 

xeXeve did tov nediov nagateTpai tf^p q^dXayya naga tag xmfiag. 

'^Ene) ds tavta inoiijaaPf avprjXiad'iiaap dpdgdnoda hbp mg ;^i!liay 

doeg de di^iXioi^ xa\ dXXa ngo^ara fivgia. Tote (mp dti avtiA 





1. Ty f vGreqaiec xataxavaag 6 2svi^riQ rag xa^fzu^' nai^tlmg 
xul omaf ovdeiAiav XiTzav, oncag (po^ov ivd'eiij xai rotg JlXkoig ola 
nttaovtaiy otv fiij nei'&mvroUf dn^ei nakiv. 2. Kou Ttjv fiiv Xeiap 
unmefixps diati'&ead'ai 'HqayXBibriv eig TUqiv^ov, ontag [lUT&bg ye- 
vtjrai toTg atganoitaig ' avzog ds nal ol "EXXr^peg iatQarone^evovzo 
ava 10 Qwmv Tiadioy. 01 S* ixXiTtovTsg icpevyop eig ra oqtj. 

3. ^Hv bl iimv TioXXri xa« ypv^og ovrcag mgte rb vdaiQ o iq)8Qoyro 
m\ deinrof mriyvvto x«/ 6 ohog 6 ivroTg ayyeiotgy ytal rmv 'EXXi^- 
rmvnoXXmv xai QivBg ansTiaiopTO xai cora. 4. Kou tore dfjXop 
iyspeto ov ivexa ol 0Qaxeg rag aXonnsxidag im raZg xscpaXaig 
(fOQOvoi xal roig cocrJ, xa« iirmvag ov fiopov ;rfi^« roig criqvoig 
aX7.a Hoi tibqi roig fitjgoTg ' xaJ ^figag fie^gi rmp nod^p im roip 
Inniov i%ovaiv, aXX ov ^Xafivdag, 5. '^cpmg ds rmv aixf^aXoinov 
6 J^ev&Tjg slg ra ogrj eXeyep on el fir^ nara^i^aoprai olni^aopreg xm 
Tzsiaovraij on xaraxavaei xa] rovreop rag xoiftag xal rop alrop, xai 
aTToXovprai r^ Xift^. 'Ex rovrov xare^aipop xa# yvpatxeg xal nal- 
dsg xai ol TiQsa^vreQoi ' ol ds peoireQoi ip raig vno ro oqog xtifiaig 
tjvXiXoPTO' 6. Ka) 6 Zev^yrig xarafiud^mp exAevas rop Sepocp^pra 
rmp onXiroop rovg peoardrovg Xa^opra avpeTTtansad'ai. Kai apa- 
ardpzeg rljg pvxrog afia ry yf^fgn Ttagijaap eig rag xdfiag • xal oi 
flip TtXeiaroi i^ecpvyop * nXriaiop yog ijp rb ogog * oaovg di sXa^ 
xarrjxopnaep dcpeidmg 2Jevd'rjg. >. 

7. 'Eniad^eprjg ds i]p rig ^OXii^fti^g nf^idtgaarrjgf og idmp naida 
xaXop ri^daxopra dgri mXrr^p t^opra fifXXopra dno&priaxeiPi ngog- 
dgafimp Sepocpmpra ixsrevtfe ^orj&tjaai Tiaidl xaXqy. 8. Kal og 
TtgogeX'&^p r^ 2ev&r^ dsTrai fiij dnoxrttpai top naida • xaJ ror 
*Ema&epovg dirjyeirai rbp rgonop, xcu on Xoyop Tzore tjvpeXeiaro 
sxoTtmp ovdep dXXo ij ei ripsg bIbp xaXol' xal fiera rovrmp t]P dpf}Q ' 
dya&og. 9. '0 ds JJevd-r^g i^gero, ^H xai ^tXoig ai\ co 'EniG^fvig, 
xmig rovrov dno^apeip ;'0 5' elTzep dpareipng rbp rgdxr}7.or, TlaJlf, 
ecpij, el xeXevei 6 naXg xoHi fxeXXei xdgip eidetai. 10. 'ETtrjgero fl 
Ssv&9/ff rbp naXda ei naUseiep avrbp dpr) fxefpnv. Ot»x f^7a b nokt 

LIB. VII. CAP. IV. 171 

iXt Ixheve iirfiirBQOV xataHaiveir. ^Evrav&a d/j 6 ^Err%a0ivijg 
neQtXa^oav rbv natda tlnev • "flqa <Joi, oJ ^ev^t], Ttegi tovdi fiot 
dtafid)^E(T&ai' ov yag fu&i^am rbv nalda, 11. *0 5f Zsv^rig yt- 
X^v Tuvta fjisv ell a ' ?do^e ^ avTi^ avTOv avXta&rjvai, tva fAi] iA 
tovtmv tap nmfi^v oi im rov ogovg Tgecpoivto. Kai avTog fiif 
Iv TQ) Tisdicp vTtoaara^ag iaxi^vov * 6 8s Savocf^v symv rovg imXi- 
xiovg iv ty V7T0 10 ogog avcotdTm Koi/irj ' x«J ol aXXoi ''EXXtiveg «f 
ToTg ogetotg xaXoviuroig 0ga^i nXriaiov xars(j}ii^vrj(Tav. 

12. 'i?x JOVTOV ijfiegai ov ttoXXoi bisrgl^ovTO, xa! oi r/, to5 
ogovg 0gaxeg xara^aivovreg ngog toy 2^ev^r^v negt anovd^v x«i 
Ofirigtov dieTrgdtrovto. Kal 6 Sepoq^ojv fXd^mv ^hp to) ^av^^ij ou 
iv TtovrjgoTg lonoig (Txtjv^sv xni nXrialov sler ol TioXsfjitoi ' TJdiiv t cif 
e^oD avXtXac&at eqjri iv iyygoTg ytogioig fiaXXov ?/ iv ToTg areyvoTst 
(Sgrs aTzoXiffd'ai. 13. '0 di '&agmiv ixiXevs at fdei^tv IfArigovg 
nagovrag avrci). ^Edsovto ds xai rov B£ro(f}cov7og xara^aivovtig 
Tiveg Tcoi' ix tov ogovg avfAngaial aquai rag (inov^dg. *0 f co/mo- 
Xoysi xal d^a^geiv ixiXeve xa] rjyyvaTo fitjdev avrovg xaxov ^re/ire- 
(T&ai nsid^Ofiivovg JJev^rj, 01 5' OLga ravt aXeyov xatacxonrig 

14. TavTa fuv tijg ijnigag iyiveto ' eig di tijv imovaav vvxta 
imtid^evrai iXd^ovreg ix rov ogovg oi BvvoL Kai TjyefJiaiy fdv ijv 6 
dsanotTjg 8xd<jtrjg trjg olxiag ' x^Xenov yag rjv aXXoog tag olxiag 
(7X07 ovg ovtog dvsvgiaxeiv iv raTg xwfjiaig ' xal yag at oixiat xvxXcp 
7iegis(TTavg(avT0 fisydXoig (jtavgoTg rmv ngo^drmv evexa. 15. *E7iBi 
f iyevovto xara rag {higag 8xd(7TOV tov olxrifiatogj oi fifv slgij' 
xovji^ov, ol ds ToTg axvrdXoig l^aXXov, a ay^aiv icpaaav €og anoxo* 
\povTsg tmv ^ogdrcov rag Xoyj^ag ' ot 8f> ivETZifiTrgacyav ' xai Sevo- 
q^mvra ovoftaar) xaXnvvreg iiwrra ixiXevov artod'vi^axeiv, ^ avroi 
fq)aaav xaraxav-fyj^fTefrd^ai avtov. 

16. Ka] i^drj re dia rov o^iogpor iqtairero nvg, xou ivre^mgaxh 
(Tfiiroi 01 Treg) Sfvoqavra fv8ov mav dani^ag xai nay^algag xat 
ygdvrj a^^ovreg, xai ^iXavhg Maxecrriog itmv fjdrj cog oxtmxaiSexa 
Af GrinalvH tri adXniyyi * xa) ev{fvg ixTTTjSmmv iffnaaf^svoi ra |/g)j| 
xal 01 ix rmp dXXoav (jxtjvojfidroar. 17. 01 ds 0gaxeg cpevyovaip, 
togrrtg ^}j rgoTtog f^v avroig, om(5&Bv negt^aXXofieroi rag niXtag ' 
xrt/ avtmv vnagaXXofiivcov rovg atavgovg eXiJqp^ncav xv$\% v.^%\Mft 


ff^eyzty h'txofiii lov tmv ntXr^v tot^ jravgoTg ' oi de xai dftt'&afOP 
Iiiaf4(i()z6vtsg r(av {^68g)v' oi d* EkXfjveg idioaxop l^oa 7>jg xoo/i^j: 
18. 7'cor di Ovvojv vnoatQaqivTBg Tipeg iv rqX axotei rovg naqa-' 
iQhyoviag rzuQ olxtav xaioiJisvrjv TjTiOvri^ov eig to q)6ig ix tov 
(Txorois* ' xai tiQcoaav * ItQoivvfjLOv ze Evodea Xoxotyov xai Oeoyt- 
njp yloyiQov Xo^a'i'oy * aTzt&avB da ovdeig * xatsxav'&ij fievroi xai 
iaO/jg rirojy xai axevt^. 19. ^^tv&r/g 8e tjxe ^ot^'&i^afav avv inta 
Inntvai rolg nqdrous xai lov (saXniyxtriv iy^cav lov Qgaxior. Kai 
inBintQ ^a{^ejo, oaovntq xQOvov i^o^&u, roaovtov xai to xsQag 
icpdtyyeio avt^ ' (ogte xai tovto cpo^ov cvuna^ia'^B 70ig noXtfiioig, 
*E7Zci 8' tiX{^£Vf i8t^iovT6 re xat iXtytv on oioito jS'&vBmiag noX" 

Xovg k\{)^GhlV, 

20. 'JSx TovTOV 6 Asvoqjmv 8Htai rovg ofiriQovg re avr^ 
naqa8ovvai xai im to OQog tl ^ovXetai avatQazevea'&ai ' el de 
/M^, avTov eaaai, 21. 7^ ovv voiegaia naQa8i8iOGiv 6 £ev&t]g 
tovg ofiT^Qovg, Tigeg^vtegovg av8Qag ij8r], tovg xqatiatovg, dg ecpa- 
GUV, Twy ogeivoiv ' xai avtog eg'^erai cvv tj 8vvdfxei, *^H8ri 5* elyrB 
xai TgiTtXaffiav 8vvaf4,iv 6 ^ev&Tjg ' ex yog Twy ' 08gv<7mv axovov- 
teg a ngdtjoi 6 2ev^rig noXXo). xate^aivov avar gat evaofxeif oi, 
22. Oi 8s 0vvot me\ ei8ov ano tov ogovg noXXovg iiev OTiXitag, 
noXXovg 8e neXtaatag, TioXXovg 8e Inneig^ xata^dvteg IxitHvof 
a'aei(5aG(^ai * xai ndvta (ofioXoyovv noii^aeiv xa) ta niGia XafA^d- 
•€»«' extXevov. 23. '0 8e 2!ev\^tjg xaXeaag tov SevocpoDvra i7T*:8ei' 
xvvEv a Xtyoiev' xai ovx ecprj aneiaea^ai, el ^evoq^cav ^oiXoiro 
TifxojgrjaaaO^ai avtovg tJjc em&eaeoag, 24. 'O 8^ elnev ^u4XX 
iyatye ixavijv vofiiXoa xaJ vvv 8ixrjv e)[etv, el ovtoi 8ovXoi eoovrai dvi 
tXevOtgtaV avft^ovXeveiv fiivtoi ecprj avt^ to Xoittov ofji(govg Xau- 
^dveiv tovg 8vvaz(iotdtovg xaxov ti noieiv, tovg 8e ytgottug oixoi 
i^f. 01 f*iv ovv jaifq ndvteg 8ri TrgoatofioXoyow. 

C A P. V. 

1. * TTzeg^dXXovGi 88 ngog tovg vneg Bv^avtiov Oganag Jgto 

/f^i.u xaXoviievov • avtri f rjv ovxeti dgxij Maiad8ov, dXXa Tr^govg 

tov *08gv<Jov, dgxaiov ttvog. 2. Kai 6 * IIgaxXei8rjg ivtaif&a e)[Wf 

wi^p ^tfi^r t^g Xetag noQtiv, Kai lietJ'O'ti^ i^ayay^f tievytj f^fAtonxa 

LIB. VII. CAP. V. 17.-* 

fQia^ (ov yotQ tjv nXBim,^ ra ^ akXa ^oeixa, xaXeaag Ssvoqtmrta 
ixiXeve Xa^Hv, ta S aXXa diaveifjiai tolg ciQatriyoig xaJ Xoxayoig. 
3. Sevoqjmv Ss elnev ' *Efio\ fisv toivvv aQTcei xal av&ig Xa^tiv ' 
rovroig ds roTg aiQatriyoig drngov o* avv ifioi TjxoXov&Tjaav acu 
XoxccyoTg. 4. Kal tmv ^evymv XafiBdvei sv fiev Tijiaaimv 6 Ja^ 
^avBvg, h di KXeavtoQ 6 ' OgxofJisviogy h de 0Qvyi<jxog 6 'u^xcLiog * 
ra ds ^oetxa l^svyrj toTg Xoy^ayolg xazefisQia&Tj. Thv ^l fita'&or 
aTiodidcoafy f^eXrjXv^otog iqbri lov fitjvbg eixoffi fiovov rj/jiSQmv ' 6 
yag ^ HQaxXefdrig sXsyev on ov nXeiov ifiTZoXi^acu, 5. *0 ovv Sevo* 
(pmv ax&ea&sig elnev inofioaag' /Joxaig fioiy o) * HgaxXaidriy ovx (og 
8ei xi^dead'ai 2bv^ov ' el yag ixtjdov, fjxeg av q)Bgo(Mf nX^grj top fit- 
c&ov xai Ttgoadafeiadfjifvogy el fitj aXXmg idvvoa, xal anodofievog ra 
aavrov tfioitia* 

6. 'Evtev'&BP 6 ' HgaxXeidrjg rjx^e<fd^i] ra xai Sdeiae fiij ex trig 
£ev&ov cpiXiag ex^Xrj&eit] ' xal o ti idvuaro aTio lavitjg ttjg r^fie- 
gag SeroijpmvTa Sif^aXXe ngog ^ev&rjv, 7. 01 fiev drj argaiimtat 
Serocp^vTi ivexdXovv oti ovx el^ov tbv fitad'ov ' ^ev'&rjg de ^;f^£TO 
avT^) or I hrovcog toXg argaTioiraig aTf^rei tor fiirT'&ov, 8. Kal 
tmg fifv del ifiefjivTjto mg inei^dv em '&dXattap dneX^riy nagadci- 
aoi avT^ Bi<jdv&r^v xal Fdvov xal Neof tei^og ' dno be tovtov 
tov xgovov oidevog eti tovtmv ifjiefAVTiTO, ' ydg 'IlgaxXeidrig xal 
tovto dte^e^Xi^xei (og ovx daqidXeg eirj Tti^t] nagabibovai dvdgi 
dvvafiiv exovri, 

9. 'Ex tovtov 6 fiev Sevocpror e^ovXevexo ti xgh ffoieiv Tiegl tov 
eti avm atgatvea^ai' 6 f 'HgaxXeidi]g elgayaymv tovg dXXovg 
otgatrjyovg ngog 2ev&rjv Xeyeiv te exeXevev avtovg on ovdh av 
fjTtov cq)eTg dydyoiev ttjv atgatidv i] SevocpmVy tov te iiia&ov 
vmaxvelto avzoTg irtog oXlycov rjfiegmv exTzXecov nagetrecT'&ai dvoiv 
fjirjvoTv • xal avaxgatema&ai exeXeve. 10. Kal 6 Tifiaaitov eJnev ' 
Eyco fifp toivvv ov^ av nivte fitjvcov fitff^og neXXy elvai atgatev- 
mtlut]v dv dvev Sevocpmvtog, Kal 6 fJ^gvviaxog xal KXedvmg 
avvfofjioXoyovv t^ Tifiaaioivu 

1 1. 'Evt£v&er 6 J^evd-rjg eXoidoget rov ^HgaxXeidTjv oti ov na^ 
gaxaXel xai Sevocpmvta. 'Ex de tovtov nagaxaXovGiv avtov fiovov, 
'O de yvovg tov ^HgaxXeidov tr^v navovgylav oti, ^ovXoito avtop 
9ux^dXXeiv ngog tovg aXXovg atgatt^yovg^ ;ra({€(^&ia\ Va^«iii xfs^ 



Tt (jTQatrjyov^ nayrag xal rovg Xoiayovg. 12. Kai Inei ndvTeg 
inuaO^riaavy ovpeargaTSvovro xal aquxvovvtai iv de^ia exovzeg top 
JJovrov dia toiv MtXivocpdycav xaXovfitvtav Ogaxmp tig rov ^^akfiv 
dt^aaov. "^Ev&a tmv eig rbt IJovtov nXeovamv ve^v TioXXal oxsklova* 
Kui ixmnrovai' tivayog ydq iativ mi nafinoXv rlqg d^aXdrrtig. 
13. Kai ol Qgaxeg ol xatd ravra oixovvtag att'jXag OQiadfisvoi ta 
xa&' avrovg ixntnzovta exaazoi XTjt^ovtai' rimg 5* iXtyov nQif 
OQiaaa&ai aqna^avrag noXXovg vn dXXriXcov dno^vi^axEiv. 14. '^f- 
Tav{^a tvQiGxovto noXXai fiev xXivatf TioXXa ds xi^oiria, noXXai ds ^i- 
^Xoi ysygafjifievai, xal raXXaTtoXXd oaa iv ^vXivoig Tevx^ai^avxXr^Qoi 
ayovaiv. 'Evtav&sv tavra xataaTQexpafievoi dni^eaar ndXiv. 15. '^Ev- 
&a dtj 2!ev&T]g elxt Gt^drivfAa Tqbri nXiov lov 'EXXrjvixov ' ex re yoQ 
* OdQvcmv noXv in nXtlovg xara^e^r^xeaav xal oi dsl 7Z6i&6/4,spoi 
avvEffjgatevovtO' KaTi]vXiad'riaav 8e iv z^ Tzediqa vneq 2irjXv' 
^Qiag oaov tQidxovra aiadiovg dniyovteg Ttjg '&aXdt7tjg. 16. Kai 
fuai^og lABV ovdeig nto icpaivero ' ngog ds zbv Sevocpmvia ol zs 
azgazimzai nayxaXintag el%ov o zs Z^ev&r^g ovxizi oixetcog dtixeizo, 
aXV onoze avyyevsa^ai avz^ ^ovXofisvog sX&ot, noXXal {jdrj acj^fo- 
Xiai icpaivovzo. 


1. 'iSy TOVTQ) r(J> XQOvc^ aysdov ribq bio fjirjvmv ovzmv aqpixyoty- 
tai XaQfiivog ze 6 Adxtov xal UoXvvixog naqa Oi^gmvog ' xal 
Xiyovaiv ozi jiaxibaifxovioig doxei azQaztvEG^ai ini Tiaaaq)eQvtjv$ 
xal 0i§Q(ar ixninXevxsv dog noXefti^Gmv * xal deizai zavzr^g zijg 
GZQatidg xai Xiyei ozi dageixog ixdaz(p scrai fiia&og zov fitpvbg, 
xal zoTg Xo^ayotg difioigia, zoTg ds azQazrjyoTg zezgafioiQia. 
2. 'Ens} ^ i]X{^ov ol Aaxsbaiiiovioi, sv'&vg 6 ^HgaxXeidrjg TTvd^ofiS- 
vog ozi inl zv azgdzevua i^xovai Xsyei z^ 2svd^T(i on xdXXiatof 
yeysvrjzat ' ot fiiv ydg jiaxsdaifiovioi dtovzai zov azgazevftazogy trv 
ds oixsTi dsy ' dnodidohg ds zo azgdzsvfia ;f«^ffir avzoTg, as ds oi- 
inizi dnaizi^a&vai zov fiia&ov, dXX dnaXXdl^ovzai ix zrjg x^Qf^S' 

3. ^Axovaag zavza 6 ^sv&Tjg xeXevst nagdysiv ' xal inhi tlno% 

OZI sm zo azgdzBVfia ijxovmvj sXeyev ozi zo czgdzevfta dnodidooai 

fv2^ rs Hji e^fif^ajog elvai ^ovXszai, xaXsi re avzovg im ^evig, 


Kat e^ept^s fisyaXoTiQSTKag. S^vocp^vra ds ovx ixdXei, oidi rmp 
i).X(av GTQaTTjymv ovdiva. 4. 'EQ03ioivz<ov ds toov ulaxedatfJionoiMf 
tig dph^Q HI] Sevoq)^y dntxQivato ozi rd fxev dXXa sit] ov xaxb^f 
(filoffTQUTKazrjgde' xai did rovro x^t^ov iazi4f avt^. Kat otElnov* 
'A7X ^ dtifiayoayH 6 dvtjg rovg avdqag ; Kcu 6 ^HgaTtXsidrjg ' Ildvv 
fih oiv, fqifj. 5. Z/4q ovv, s^paaav^ firj xa\ r^fuv ivavnoiaetai ne^ 
tljg dnff^toylig ; ^AXX rjv vfiEig, scprj 6 'HgaxXeidt^g, avXXs^ayreg av- 
^ohg vnoGjrria&i thv fita&bvy oXlyov ixsipcp nQoaxovreg dnodQa/Jiovvrcu 
(Tuv vfiiv. 6. JfJcac ovv dv, 8q)aaap, r^fuv avXXeyeisp ; Avqiop vfAag^ 
ecpTj 6 ' HgaxXEidrjg, Tzgoai d^ofiep nqog avtovg • xai olda^ eq)rj, on 
sTistddp vfidg idoDGip aafxepoi awdQafiovpzat, Avrri iisp ^ tjfJieQa 
ovToag eXf^^s, 

I, Tri If vatsQum ayovaip im to atdrevfxa tovg Adxtovag 
^evd^rjg re xai 'HgaxXsidr^gy xal avXXeysrai rj azQaud ' rw de 
Adx(ove iXsyhrjv oti Aaxedatuopiotg doxEi noXefxeip Tiatsaqjegvu 
tqi vfxdg ddixi^aapTi ' fjp ovp it^re avv rjfup, tor re i^^QOP rifimg^- 
aea&e xai dageixov ?xaarog oi<sei rov fttjpog vfi^v ' Xo^ayog de ro 
diTtXovv' arQaxriyhg de ro rerqanXovv, 8. Kou ot atQarmrai 
dfffievoi re Tjxovaay xai ev&vg dviararal rig rmp 'Agxddmp toy 
Sivocfi^vrog xarriyoQ^acof. TlaQtiv 8e xai 2Jev&i]g ^ovXofUPog 
eidsrat rl nqax^fiaerai ' xai ip inrjxdfp elari^xei excop egfjiTjpea ' 
^vpiei de xai avrog eXXrjpiari rd nXeXara. 9. "Ep^a drj Xeyei 6 
Aqxdg * ^AXX ^fieig fup, w AaxedaifiOPioi^ xai ndXai dp rifitv Ttaq 
ifjuPy el fjirj Sevocpap rj^dg devgo neiaag dnriyayep' ep&a di] rjiieXg 
(lep top deipov ;ff /.ucofflc arqarevofiepot xai pvxra xai tj/Aegap ovdev 
nenavfjie&a ' 6 de rovg ^fiertgovg nopovg e^si ' xai 2ev&rig exeipov 
fjih Idin nenXoitixep, Tjfidg de aTtoaregei rop fiia&op' 10. &gr% 
o ye ngmTog Xtycov fyo) fiep el rovtop tdoifii xaraXeva&erra xai 
dopra dixrjp cop rjfxdg TtegtsiXxe, xai rop fiia&op ap fioi doxm Ix^ip xai 
ovdev em rolq nenopri^iipoig dxO^ea&ai. Merd rovrop aXXog 
dpeatri bfiomg xai aXXog. *Ex de rov rov Sepocpap eXe^ep mde ' 

II. 'AXXd ndvra (nev aga dp&gconop opza ngogdoxap del^ 
onote ye xcti. iya pvv vcp vfimp air lag fj^co h qp 7zXei(jrtjp tzqo&v^ 
fiiar ifiavrcp ye doxm avpeidipai negi vfidg TtageGXTifAepog. ^An% 
rganofjirjp fjiev ye tjdrj oixade mginTjfjispog, ov fid rov Jla ovrw 
avp^aivonerog if/xdg ev ngdrreip. dXXd udXXop axovosv & au4^>» 


Jfou mg mqjeXrjiJOiiv st ri dwaifAijp. 12. *Emi If ^X&of^ 2bv^w^ 

tovrovt fioXXovg ayyikovg nqog ifii m/iTiovtog xaJ TtoXXa vniaxvov- 

^ivov 14,01, el neiaaiiAi vfiag nqog avthv iX'&eiv, rovto iiiv ovx inf 

lUQTiaa noiBiVy dg avtoi vfteig imaraa&e' riyov If o&ev qwfjirif 

Tajffcyj a* vfiag elg triv ^Aaiav dia^ljvai. Tavra yag xaJ ^eXtiara 

ifOfii^op vfuv ehat xal vfioig ^dsiv ^ovXofJiivovg. 13. 'Etiei df 

[^QiaiaQXog iX&mv 6vv rgiiJQsaiv ixmXve dianXsiv ^fioig, ix rovrov, 

insQ eiHog di^nov ^, awiXe^a vfioig, oncag ^ovXsv<jaifJiE&a o ri XQ^ 

tioietv. 14 Ov'AOvv vfteig axovovteg iilv *y4Qi6tdQxov Bnirdttovtog 

Vfuv elg Xe^^orrjaov TtOQSvsa&ai, axovoftsg ds ^ev^ov neid'ortog 

iavj^ GvatQuievead'ai, ndvtsg (liv iXiyete avv 2Jsv&y Isvat, ndvreg 

f s\pt]q)t0aa&e ravtd, Tl ovv iym hrav^a rjdixrjaa ayaymv vfidg 

iv^a naaiv vfuv idoxei ; 15. 'Enei ye fiijv xpsvdsad'ai ijQ^ato ^sv- 

^tjg TteQi rov {Aia^ov, el fisv inaivm avtov, dtxaloig av fie xai am- 

^a&e xal fAiaoXte * fl de TtQoad'ef avr^ ndfzmv iidXiata cplXog mw 

livv ndvtmv diacpogciratog eifju, noig av eti dixaiag vfiag aiQOVfie- 

9og avj) Hev'&ov vcp vfioov alriav sxoifii TteQi wf nqog tovrov diaqjs- 

qofiai ; 16. '^XX einoite af on e^ean xal ta vfiitega exovra 

fiaga 2ei&ov te^pd^eiv, Oifxovv dtjXov tovro ye on eineg ifioi 

iteXei Tl 2evd'rjg, ovj[ ovroig itiXsi d^nov wg ,mv te ifiol doiii 

CTBQOito xal aXXa vfiiv dnotlceiev ; 'AXX olfiai el ididov, em jovtcp 

av i8idov OTiwg ifiol dovg fieiov fjiij anodoiri vfuv to nXetov. 17. El 

roivvv ovToog exeir otead'e, e^eaiiv vfuv avzixa fidXa fiaraiav rav- 

7r]v rijv nQci^iv dfjicpotegoig ijfup noitjaai, eav nQdttrjre avjov ra 

XQ^fjiara. JriXov yog on 2ev&rig, el ejim n nag avrov, aTtairrj^ei 

lie, xal anairriaei fAevtoi dixaitog, eav fiij ^e^aiw triv ngdl^iv avr^ 

i(p 1/ idmgodoxovv. 18. 'AXXa noXXov fioi doxoa deiv xa vfierega 

exeiv ' oiAVvta yag vfuv ^eovg anavrag xou ndaag fifjde a ifiol Idia 

insaxero JJev&tjg ex^tv ' ndgean de xal avtog xai axovtav avvoih 

fAoi el emogxa, 19. Iva de fiaXXov d^avfidcyrjief avvenofivvfn 

fiTjOe a ol aXXoi atgatt^ol eXa^ov elXrjqiivaiy firj xoivvv firjlf oaa 

roov Xo^ayav evioi, 20. Kal tl dij tavta inolovv ; '^Slifiriy, a 

avdgegf oaqp fiaXXov avfiqiegotfii rovtq^ tijv tore neviav^ toaovt(p 

(laXXov avthv (fiXov noii^aea&ai bnote dwaad'eirj. *Eym de afia u 

avthv ogm ev ngdttovta, xou yiyvoiaxw dfj avrov trjv yvoififjv. 21 £?- 

moi S^ Tiff av * Ovxovv alaxv^Q ovtm fimgm^ iianatmfisvog ; Na^ 

LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 177 

ua Jia ^axvpoiJirjv fuvroi, el vtio noXefiiov ys Svrog i^t^narij&iip ' 
q)iX(p y ovzi i^UTiarav aiaj^iov fioi doasl ehai jy i^aTzatdad'ai, 
22. 'EtisI ei ye nQog q)iXovg iatl cpvXaxTi, naaav oJda vfiag (pvXal^a- 
fjJvovg ag fii] naq^ax^^^ tovtqf ngocpaaiv dwaiav fjitj dfrodidovM 
vfiiv a vTTsaxeto ' ovrs yaq fjdiHi^aafAev tovtov ovdep ovts xate^Xa- 
nevaafiev ra tovrov ovzs fi^v xatedeiXtdaafxev ovdiv icp o ri rjfidg 
ovTog TTaQSHaXeasv, 23. '^XXa, qiuiijie ay, idei ta ivi^VQa jotb 
)m^hv, (og uTjds £1 i^ovXero idvvato i^anatav. Ilgog lavta di 
dyittvaare a fym ovx av notB eJnov rovtov iravziov, el firi fioi navid' 
nctaiv dyfoif^ort^' idoxeite elvai tj Xlav eig ifie d^dqiaiou 24. ^Ava- 
fjif'i^ad^Tite yd() ev Ttoioig rial ngdyfiaaip ovzeg hvyxdvert, i^ mv 
vfidg eym dvriyayov ngog 2Jev&f]v. Ovk elg fiev IleQiv&op, el ngog- 
'■one zy TzoXeif 'u^giazagxog vfjag o Aaxedaifjiofiog om eia elgievai 
dnoytXeiaag zag TivXag, vnaiOQioi de tf co iazgazonedeveze, fieaog 
de ;f€/|Mwi' rjv, dyogri de (xg^i<5^e andna iaIv ogmvzeg za mviOy 
OTzdna de t^ovzeg ozmv cov/^aea&e ; 25. 'Avdynr] de rjv neveiv em 
Ogdxrjg ' zgri^geig ydg iifogfiovaat inoiXvov dianXelv ' el 8e fievoi 
zig, ev TioXefiia eJvai, ev^fa noXXo) fiev Innelg ^auv evavtioi, noXXoi 
de TteXzaazaL 2Q. 'Hfuv de onXtziKOv fiev ^v(^ dd^gooi f^ev lovzeg 
em zag Hcofiag iamg av idvvdfie^a alzov Xafi^dvetv ovdiv zi acp&O' 
vov ' oz(p de dtxaxovzeg av t] dvdgdnoda ^ ngo^aza aazeXaix^dvofJief 
om riv Tjfiiv' ovze yug tnmxbv ovre neXzaazMOv ezi eym avveazij- 
Kog yiazeXa^ov nag vfup, 27. El ovv fV zotavzri dvdyxi^ ovztop 
vfioop fJirjd^ opzipaovp fiiad^op ngoaaiz^aag JSev^riP 6Vfifiaxop vfAtp 
ngoGfXa^ov, e^opza aal inneag xai neXzaazag ODpifietg ngoaedeiG'&ej 
rjxaxag ap edoxovv vfiip l^t^ovXeva&at ngovfjimp ; 28. Tovzcop yog 
drjnov xoiPtap^Gavzeg xal aXzop dcpd^opoizegov ep zaZg xoifiaig evgl- 
Gxeze dta zo dvayxa^ea&ai zovg Qgaxag xaza CTiovdr^p (idXXop 
qievyeiv, xat ngo^dzaav xa) dpdganodcop fjidXXop fiezeaxeze. 29. Ka] 
TioXefiior ovxeziovdeva imgcjfiep eneidri zo inrnxop fi(iiP ngoaeyepezo ' 
tifog de {^agaaXmg iifiip ecpeinovzo oi noXefiioi xcu Inmxc^ xcu 
fteXzaazixt^ xaoXvopteg uridafitj 'xat bXiyovg dnoGxedappvfAepovg 
za emrtideia dq)J^op(azsga fjfjidg nogi^ead'aL 30. El de d/] c 
avfinagexoup vfup zavzrjp zrjp dacpdXeiap fitj ndpv' noXvp juia^of 
ngoaezeXBi tiqg dacpaXelag. tovzo drj zb cx^thop nd&rni^a^ xo? 


iiu zovzo ohf)oiAq OitaOt /^5*'^* l^oovia ifxe iap eJvou ; 31. Nvp 5« 

d^ no3<; untQitiSi^E ; Oh dtaxeifidaavzeg fiev iv acp^ovot^* roig im. 

trfidoig, ntQiztov S sxovrtg tovio tt ti iXd^trs naQa I^Bvd^ov • 

Tit ya(j rmv TioXtfxiiov idanavazB, Koii lavta nQattovTeg ovts av- 

d(jug intidtze vfioiv avt^v ano&avovtag ovts ^mvtctg anB^dXete 

32. Ei ds ti xaXov Tigog tovg iv ry ^Aaia ^(tQ^dqovg minQauro 

ifuif, ov 'Aoi. SHBivo aav bxbtb hui ngog SHEivoig vvv aXX/]v EvyiXeiav 

nQOQeiXriqicctB xaj jovg zv tri EhQoiny Ogaxag icp ovg BatQarBvaaad^B 

XQUTTJaavzBg ; 'Eya fiiv v/jiag cpTjiM dtxaioag civ ojv ifxoi laXBTzahBzt 

7ovz(op toig {^BoTg ;f«^/i' Bidevai, mg ayad^mv. 33, KoHi ta [liv dij 

vfiBTBQa joiavja. "AyBXB ds ngog &Bmv ^cu to, ifia CHBxpaa&s tog 

fijff f. ^Eyo) yag otb fisv tzqotbqov dnriQa oiiKodBf bx^ov fisp btzolwov 

noXvv TTQog vfi^v aTZBTZOQBvofirjv, B^^r de di vfidg xai vtzo lav dXXmp 

EXXi^vcov BmXBtav ' BTZtatBvofirjv de vtzo AaxBdat/jiovimv * ov yag dv fm 

inBiinov TzdXiv Tzgog vfiug, 34. A^vv ^ uTZBg^ofiai ngog fuv AaxBdat- 

uoviovg vcp vfimv dia^f^Xr^fjisvog, ^bv'&h ds dnrjx^^f^Bvog vTzsg vfimv, 

ov fiXm^ov Bv TZOii^aag (XBd^ vfimv uTzooTgocpijv aal ifioi naXijv nai nai- 

jjy, ti ytvoivTOf xaTa&TJaBGd^ai. 5. ' Tfitig S vnsg (qv eyo) dTZTjx&Tjfiai 

TB TiXBiara nai ravta tzoXv agBitroaiv ffiavzov, ngayfiarBvofiBvog rt 

oifds vvv Tzm TiETzavfiai o ti dvvufiai dya&ov vfuv, roiav77]v b^btb 

yv(6fit]v TZBg] Bfiov. 36. 'AXX b^btb fjisv fiB ovts q)Bvyovta Xa^ovtBg 

ovTB dnodidgdaxovta' ijv dt noujarjtB a XfyBZB, latB ozi dvdga 

xaraxBxavotBg bobg^b noXXd [lev Sij ngo vfx^v dygvTZvi^aavray noX- 

Xa di ovv vfjuv Tzovi^aavra nai aivdvvBvaavzu aai iv t^ fABgBi. xat 

fzagd 70 ftegog' d^B^v ds iXBouv ovziapxai jgoTzaia ^ag^dgcov tioXXol 

bri avv vfAip aTtjad^BPOv ' orroug dt yB (jii]dEvi Toof 'EXX/jvosv noXiiiioi 

yivoKS^B, Tzdv oaov Bym idvvd/tr^v ngog Vfjidg diatBtvdfjiBvov. 

\g 37. Kai ydg ovv vvv vfiTv i^taziv dvsmXi^rztODg TzogBvsa&ai ont] df 

'^ bXiigx^b hcu Hazd yrjv xal Kuzd d^dXazrav. 'TfiBig ds, ozb TZoXX'r^ 

vfiiv BVTZogicc (paivBtai., aai nXtlrs bv&cc di] iTZB^vfiBiTB TzdXai, dsov' 

tai TB vfimv ol fisyiatov dvvdfiBvoi, fjuad^og da q)aivBtaiy fiysfiovsg ds 

l^ytovai Aa^Bdxifiovioi ol Kgdtiatoi vofii^oixsvoi shai, vvv di] xatgoc 

hlilv doxBi Bivat tig jd)[iata ifiB xatanavsTv ; 3& Ov fiijv otb ys h 

Toig inogoig rifiiv, co ndvjcov fjivt]fioviKoizaTOif dXXa xal Tzatsga 

ifu ixdXaiTS xal ael mg Evsgyhov /jiBfiv^ad'ai wzujxt'Mia'&9. Oi 

LIB. Vll. CAP. VL 179 

juBVToi ayvoifAOveg ovf ovzoi tlaA*' oi vvv i]xovreg i(p v/icig ' mgrt^ 
tog iyo) oJfiaiy oids rovtoig Soxeize ^uktioveg eJvai toiovtoi opteg 
vt()l efjit. Tovta hinm* inavaato, 

39. XaQfilvog 8l 6 jia^ftdaifAoviog avaatag elnev ovtmai ' 'AlX 
mo) fiivzoi, (o avdQsgf ov dixatwg doxelte rm avdQi rovT(p x^Xenai^ 
P€iv ' tyco yoLQ xai avrog uvzq) {lUQzvQrjaai. 2itv&rig yuQ igmzoovzog 
ifiov xal UoXvvUov th-qi Sevocprnvtog rig avijQ elrj aXXo fiev ovdh 
fl)^s fjiff4,\pua{}ai, dyav Ss qnXofjZQazioizrjv tijprj avzov Rvai ' dio xai 
X^iQOv avi^ elvai nqog rjfjiav re zmv udaxedaifiovicov xal TiQog ai'- 
Tov. 40. ^Avaazag im zoizqi EvqiXoiog Aovaiitrig 'Agxag sine ' 
Kai doxei yt fiot, avdQeg AaxE^aijionoi, zovzo vfiag ng^zov tjfimp 
jzQaz7]ytjaaif TzaQU 2isv&ov rjfiip top fitad^op avanga^ai t] ixoptog 
7] axovzog, xai (iij TTootetjov rjuag aTtayayeip, 41. noXvxQarrjg di 
*A&rivaiog tlntp dvaazag vtibq Stpocpmvzog * ' O^ca ys [iriPy i(pri, m 
cipdQegj xal ^HgaxXeidr^p ipzavOa naqovza ' og noQaka^diP ra 
^{jrjfiaza d tj^etg mopj^aufiev, zavza anodofiepog ovzs 2^evd"(i ani" 
8oi)xtp ovie 7jfuv zd ytypofievay dXX avzog xXixpag mnazai, ^^Hp 
ivv atacpQovmiitp, i^ofied^a avzov ' ov ydg drj ovzog ye, liqpjy, 0Qtt^ 
iaziPj dkkd "EkXiiP o3y "EkXrivag ddixH. 

42. Tavza dxovaag 6 ' HQUxXEidrjg fidXa i^enXdyt] * xai TiQogeX' 
d^G)p z^ 2l£v&ri Xtyu ' 'Hfxeig tjv aoDqjQOpmfjiep, dnifjiev ipzev&ep i% 
zr^g zovroav imxQazeiag, Kal dva^dpzeg im zovg mnovg ^^^oi't 
aTteXavpovzeg sig to iavzoip azgazoTiedop, 43. Kal iptevd'ev 2bv^ 
&rjg ntfinti 'A^go^eXfitjp zov iuvzov igfjirjpea n^g Sspoq)6Jpza xal 
xeXevEi avzop xazafieipat. nag' iavz^ Eyppza xikiovg onXizag ' xal 
vniap'Biiai. avz^ dnodmasip zd ze ymgia ra im ^aXdzry xal rdXka 
d vnicxezo. Kal ip dTzoggrjzcp noirjadfAepog Xiyei on, dx'qxoB JJo' 
Xvvixov (o^ H vnoyjEigiog earai AaxedaifAOPioig, aacpmg dno^a- 
poiTo vnh Gi^gwpog. 44 'EmareXXop de zavza xal dXXoi noXXoi 
rw ^tPoq;mpzi cog dia^e^Xtjfispog eiij xal qivXdrrea^ai deoi. 'O f 
dxovoDP zavza dvo tegeia Xa^mp sd^ve r^ Au tq) ^aaiXet nozegd 
01 Xqwp xal dfuipop eirj fxtpeip nagd 2!ev&^ i(p olg 2!ev^rjg 3Ley« ij 
imipai nit rep azgawuazi. 'ApaigsT Si avr$ amivou. 

■ \\ 




1. 'EpTSv&ef 2!evd'tjg fuv aneatQatonsdevaaro nQoatotiQm 
01 d« "EXXipfBg ia^'^rqaav eig xm/iag od^tf ifieXXov nXeiara iTtiam- 
adfiSfOi im ^dXatiav ril^eiv, Ai da xeofiai avtai rjaav dedofJiBvoi 
inb Zev&ov Mrjdoaddn, 2. * Ogmv ow 6 Mrjdo(yddijg daTiavoifxeva ra 
iavrov iv taig Koifxcug vno z^v 'EXXtjvfov xf^Xenmg eqifQe ' nal Xa^mp 
avdQa ' Odgvarjv dvpazdtarop t^v av&i&Bv xaza^E^rixortov hoi In- 
niag oaov ZQiaxovm sQ^ezai xal TtgoaaXeltai Sevocp^vra ix zov 
'E)JitinHOv azQazevfiazog. Kou og Xa^dv tivag rmv Xoxotymv Ttai 
iXXovg Twy imzTjdeiojv TtQogsQyeraL 3. "Ev^a drj Xsyei Mr^doaddtjg ' 
*jidixeiref o3 Sevoqidv, rag {jfieziqag Hoifiag noQd^ovvzeg. TlQoXiyO' 
fjiev ovv vfitv, iyoi te vtzsq 2^f.v&ov xai ode 6 dv7]Q ^uQa Mijdoxov 
^x(ov zov ayco ^aatXeoDg, dnUvai in ztjg x^Qag ' d ds fiij, ovx mizqi- 
yjoiisv vfiiv, illT. iav tioi^zs aaTidg zijv fjfieteQav yoiQaf, cog noXe- 
fiiovg dXe^fjaofis&a. 

4. 'O 5f ^ETocpdv axovaag zavza eJnev ' ^AXXa aoi iiiv zoiav- 
ta Xiyovzi xcu dnoxQivaa^ai yaXenov ' rovds di iveaa rov vsavi- 
ijxov Xs^m, iv eldy, oloi re vfieTg ^art xaJ o]oi Ijfitig. 5. 'HfAeTg fiif 
yoQy ecpriy nqiv VfAiv cpiXoi yevea&ai inoQevofie&oL dia zavztjg ri]g 
j^dqag onoi if^ovXofie&a, i]v filv ideXotfiev noQ&ovvzeg, fjv 5^ f.{ytXoh 
luv xaiovreg, 6. Kai ov bnoze nqog Iji^ag eX-&oig nQec^evtiv, tjvXi- 
fov rore nuQ ijfxiv oidsva (fo^ovfjievog rmv noXefiimv, ' Tfittg de ovx 
yrs elg ri^pde r^v X^Q^^* V ** ^^^^ eX&oire mg iv xQeizrovoav y^Q^ 
tivXi^ea'&s iyxexaXtvoofievotg rolg mnoig, 7. ^Ene\ ds r^giTv q:iXoh 
iyiveoOe xaJ. dt ijiidg cvv d^eoig eyere rtjvde ri^v ymgav, vvv dtj i^e- 
Xavvere fjficig ix rJ/ode zTjgxoiQag j^v tzuq TjfJiwv iyovzcav xara xgdzog 
fTogeXd^fre' dg yag avrog ola^a^ ol noXsfJiioi ovy Ixavol tjaav 
ijficig i^eXavveiv. 8. A'«J ovy ontog dooga dovg xai ev notr^ijag av^ 
mv Bv enud'eg d^toTg rifiag unomiixpaa^aiy a7X dnonogevofjLevovg 
ijfiag oif ivavXiG'&tjvai oaov dvvaaai imrgt'Tieig, 9. Kai tavra 
Xsymv ovre &eovg ahyvvy ovre rovde rov utdga, og vvv fiiv <je oga. 
nXovtcvvra, ng)v de inuv cpiXov yevsa&ai aTio Xinattlag rov ^iov 
iyovra^ dg avrog etpnt^d^a . 10. 'A rag ri xa\ ngog ifii Xeyeig ra%^ 

LIB. VTI. CAP. VII. 18i 

r« ; Icpi] * ov yag iycoy in uqj^g), aXXa y^axel^atfjionoi, oU vf^ei^ tki- 
gedoiyare to OTQcitevfjia anayayeiv ovdsv ifii naQuyiaXsaaPte^f on 
'&{A.v(iaat6tatoiy onwg ^gneq anrii^avoiiiiv avtoig ore ngog vfiag 
riyovy ovtto xal )(^aQiaaifAijy vvv UTrodidovg, 

11. 'Enel de Tavra iJxowTfiy 6 'Odgvarjgj elnev ' 'Ziyci fisv, w 
Mtjdoaadeg, xata tijg yi]g }iaradvofjiai VTto rrjg alaj^vvijg axovoDr 
tavia, Kal ei fxav nqoad^ev ^m(JTdfitjVy ovS av avfrjxoXov^riad GOi ' 
KOI vvv anEifjii ' ovde yag av Mi^doaog fie 6 ^aailsvg iTtaivoirjf el 
*^s}.avvotfJii jovg evegyszag, 12. Tavr einrnv ava^ag inl tov In- 
nov anriXawe xaJ cvv avt^ oi aXXoi IfiTrelg TiXrjv rerzdgmv ^ tzsvts. 
*0 di Mrjdoaddrjg, iXinai yag avtov rj x^Q^ Tiog&ovfisvtj iatXevs tov 
SevocpoivTa xaXsaai t&> ulayedatfjimnm. 13. Kal og Xa^mv tovg 
imtijdeiOTdTovg Trgogi^X^s icq Xagfiivcp aal JJoXvvUo^ x«J sXb- 
l^Bv on ycaXtl avtovg Mijdoaddrig Tigosgav dnsg avzfp, dniivai in 
rijg x^Qf^S' 14. OJfiai av ovvj scprj, vfiag dnoXa^Eiv r^ argaria 
10V ocpeiXofxevov fjiia&ov, si emoite on dedsr^tai vfiojv ij atgajia 
Gvvavanga^ai tov fiia&ov i] naga snovtog rj naga dxovtog ^evd'ov ' 
xal oti tovtrnv tvxovteg ngod'VfJimg av avvenea&ai vfuv q)aai ' no* 
oti dixaia vfxiv doKOvat Xsyeiv ' aal oti vmaxsn^e avtoTg tote am' 
ivai orav ta dUata f^coff/y oi atgatimtai. 15. 'JinovcavtBg oi 
AdyiQoveg tavra scpaaav igelv xal aXXa onola av dvv(oviai xgdti' 
eta ' xa) evd^vg mogevovro ixovtsg ndvtag tovg inixaigiovg. 'EX- 
'&mv 3' eXt^e Xagfjiivog ' El fitv ov ti ix^tg, m MTjdoaadeg, Trgbg rjiiag 
Xiyeiv ti f'S firjy IjfAtig ngog at txofitv. 16. *0 dt Mrjdoaddrjg fid- 
Xa dfj vqitifitvcog ' *ytX}! iyd) (itv Xtyca, tq)i]f xal 2ltv&tjg ta aita, ott 
aiiovfjitv tovg qiiXovg ijfuv ytytv/jfisvovg fjirj xaxmg ndaxtiv vcp vfimv ' 
o ti yag ap tovtovg xaxojg nofljte TjfJidg i^di] nottits ' Tjfisiegoi ydg 
tiaiv. 17. ' Hutig toivvvy icpaaav oi uddxwvegy dniotfiev av onotB 
tov fnaOov txoftv oi tavta vfiiv xaraTzgd^avteg ' el de fiij, tgxofAe- 
Oa fitv xal vvv ^orj^i^aovreg tovtotg xal ttftrngrjaofxevoi avdgag ol 
Tovrovg naga tovg ogxovg ribixr^aav ' ffv de di] xal vfieXg toiovtoi 
»'7f, fi'Otvdt dg^ofjie^a ta dixata Xafi^dvetv, 18. *0 de Sevoqimr 
eintv ^EdiXoite S av tovtotg, co Mrjdoaadeg, enitghpaiy ineidri 
(fiXovg tcfute elvai v/aTv, iv oov tri X^Q^ eauevy onotega av xprjcpiatiaV' 
tat tiyf vudg ngogrjxev ex tijg X^Q^^ dmevai eilf ijfiag ; 19. * O di 
ravta »J ovx eqtfj ixeXsve di fAdXttrra vuv avroo tn j4dxn¥9 



iX'&tir nuQa £ev&r^v neql rov (lusdov, xaJ otsa&cu civ £ev&t^ n^ 
GUI ' ti 8f> fir^f Stvocf^vta avv amc^ nefjinetVf xal avixngd^etv vtm- 
axPtizo . idtiio di T<is* }((afiug iir^ xaittv, 20. *Errtv&6P ntfinovai 
StvocpoJitu xai avv uvz(p ol idoxovv imTT^dtiotazoi elvai. '0& 

21. Oidh dnair/iaoiVy (5 Zei&q, niqEiiii akXd didd^oi}v ijt 
dvvoi/iai d^' oi dixai<a^' fioi t^x^ta&rj^ on vntQ z^p otquikot^ 
dnt^tow <5B a 7TQ»Ovfi(ogv7Teaxov avtoig* aoi yaq eyoiye ov^ fi^tof 
ivofii^ov ovfKpBQOv that dnodovvai j} ixeivoig dnoXa^eiv, 22. TT^w- 
Toy fisv yuQ oi8a fiEta rovt; fUoi^' tiV to q^avsgovae rovzovg xaza- 
(fTtjaavtag^ inti ya (iuatXta ce fnoirjaap TioXXljg x^Q^^ ^^* nokXm 
drx^QoinoDv • oogze ov^ oiov zi aoi Xav&dvsiv ovre r^ ti v-oXov ovze 
TIP zi alaxQOp Tioii^a^^g, 23. . Toiovzqt d' opzi dpdgl ftsya fitp fioi 
ido'AH thai urj Soxeiv dxaQiozoDg dnoTZSfAxpaa&ou ap^gag evsgyizag, 
fuya d' ev daovtip vno i^amgxih'mp dp&QoiTiODP ' to ds fzeyiazop 
fitjdafi^g umazop oavzov xazaazljaai o ti Xtyoig. 24. 'O^aj yoQ 
zcov (Jih dni(7T<av fiazalovg xa) idvpdzovg yal dzifiovg zovg Xoyovg 
nXavoDfJitvovg ' ol ^ dv cpavego] (oaiv dXri&eiap daxovvzsg, rovzaop 
oi Xoyoiy ffP zi dtoavzai, ovdev fieXov bvvapzai dpvaa<s&ai § aXXtop 
ij ^ia ' iqp zi zivag aoaqtQOpiCsiP ^ovXmpzai, yiyvoiaxoa zdg toizviP 
dnEiXdg oi'x ^zzop a(oq)QOPi^ovaag § dXX<op to i^drj xoXd^eip ' t^p ti 
TQ) zi vmaxvoiriai ol zotovzot ardgsg, ov8fP /leTop btanqdzzopzciA 
5 dXXoi naqaxQrma 8id6pzeg. 25. '^pafiPi^a&Tjzi de not cv ri nqo 
TiXsaag rjiiTv avfxfidxovg ^nidg sXa^tg. OJg&* ozi ovdip ' dXka 
nuszev^Etg dXrjd^evaeip a iXeyeg imi{)ag zoaovzovg dp^Qaonovg 
avazQcrzevaaa&ai Z8 xai 6vyitazeQydaaa&ai coi aQxiiP oi zQidxopza 
uopov d^iav zaXdpzodPf ooa oiovzai 8hp ovzoi pvp dnoXa^eiP, dXXa 
noXXanXaaioDP. 26. Ovxovp zovzo iasp tzq^zop zo mczevead^ai 6s 
TO x«( zr]v ^aaiXeiap aoi xazefjyaadfiEPOv rovzmp zcop xQ^f^dzmf 
vnb aov mnQdaxsTai, 27/Id^i dt] dvafxpi^ad'tizi nmg fisya 37701/ To- 
re aazanQd^aa&ai a pvp xazaargeipduepog ix^tg. 'Eyd) fiip av oW 
In ev^oD av zd pvp TteTigayfUpa fidXXov GOi HazaTtgax^ijpai rj noX- 
XanXdaia zovzcdp zmp xQu^'^^^^ yeptad'ai. 28. 'Ejaoi zoipvp fiei- 
^op ^Xd^og xa? aiaxiop donel ehai zo zavza pvp (aij aazaaxBiP tj 
tore firj Xa^elp^ oacpTteg x^i'XenoizsQOP ix nXovaiov mpfjra yspia&tu 
^ zr^p dgxh^ H-h nXf\t^ca^' xai 0(T(p XvnriQOZUQOP ix ^(MiXictg Idm- 

LIB. VII. CAP. V 11. 183 

r;// ^uv7-vai rj aQXn^ iiq ^acsiXemat. 29- Ovhovv init^raaai f4ep 

on 01 vvv Goi VTzr^KOOL ytvofjitvoi oh cpiXia ry ay ineia^r^aav vno 

GOV ao'ieadai ak)! avdyxrj • aat on imxttgoiev av ndhv iXei'd'eQOi 

yiyvea&uif si jujJ zig avtovg q;6^og xatt)^oi. 30. TlortQcitg ovv oiei 

fialXov av cpo^etad^ai re avrovg xaJ (pQOVtiv ra fZQog ae, el oq^sp 

aoi Tovg atQatidrag ovtm diaxetfisvovg dog vvv re fjisvovtag av ei ai 

yaXevotgy av^lg t av rayiy il&ovTag el dsoh alXovg re Tovrouv fzegi 

GOV ditovoptag TioXXa dyad^d tayrv dv goi onoje ^ovXoio naqayeve- 

Gx^ai ' J] el xaiado^aGeiav firixe dv dXXovg goi iX&eiv di' aniGiiav 

ix rcof vvv yeyevr](ji8V(av tovtovg re avrotg evvovGtfQOvg eJvai. J/ Goi i 

31. ^u4XXd fjtTjv ovdev nXri'&ei ye Tjfjimv XeKf^ivteg vnel^dv Goi^ dX- 

Xd TTQOGtaroiv dnoQta. Ovhovv vvv xai zovto xivdvvog fitj Xd^coGt 

TTQOGtdrag avToov rivag rovToav o2 vofii^ovGiv vno gov ddixeiGd^ai^ 

^ xai TOvtCDV xQeiriovag tovg yiaxebaifiovtovg^ lav ot fisv GrQarim» 

tai vrnG^vdovtai nQO&vfzoreQOv avtoXg GVGTQareveG&ai, dv rd 

naqd gov vvv dvaTigd^onGiVy oi de Aaxe^aifiovioi did to deiGd'cu 

Ttjg Gtqatidg GwaivsGODGiv avtoig ravta. 32. On ye fUTjv ol vtzo 

Gol Ogdxeg yevofievoi noXv dv Ttqo&vfxojeQOv loiev im gb tj gvv 

GOI ovx ddr^Xov GOV fiev ydg xgatovvrog dovXeia vnaQiei «v- 

roig ' xoarovfiivov dt gov iXevO^egia. 33. El de xai trjg xmgag 

TtQovoeiG^ai fidri ti dei cog Grjg ovGtjgy noreQfog dv oiei dnad^rj xaxmv 

fidXXov avTTjv elvai el ovroi oi GrgaTiwrat dnoXa^ovreg a iyxaXov- 

Giv elgyvfjr xataXmovreg oi^oivto, ^ el ovroi re fievoiev dg iv no- 

Xffila Gv re dXXovg 7ret{)^o nXelovag rovzMv f/cor nvriGrgaronedev- 

BG&ai dtofxevovg rmv imrrjdeimv ; 34. ^Agyvgiov de noregaog dp 

nXtiov dvaXoD&eirjj el rovroig ro ocpeiXofJievov dnodo&eirj, ij el ravra 

re ocpefAotro dXXovg re xgeirrovag rovrcav deoi gb fUG&ovG&ai ; 

35. 'u4XXd ydg ' HgaxXeid^, mg nghg ifxe idi^Xov, ndiinoXv doxet rov- 

10 70 dgyvgiov elvau H firjv noXv ye eGriv eXarrov vvv goi xa) 

Xa^eTv jovTO xai dnodovvaiy rj 7ig)v rjfidg iXO^eiv Trgog Ge, ro dexa- 

rov rouTov fjiegog. 36. Ov ydg dgi&fiog sGriv 6 ogi^av ro ttoXv 

xai to oXtyov, aXX rj dvvafiig rov re dnodibovtog xai rov Xafi^dvov' 

tog. 2o\ ds vvv ij xai iv olvtov 7tg6go8og nXeifov iGrai tj ifingoGd'ep 

tk nagovta a ixexrrjGO. 37. 'Eym {xev, od Jlevdrj, ravra mg cpiXov 

ivrog gov nQotvoovfAtjp, o/ioag gv rs a^tog doxoirig bJpcu tap oi ^fOf 


aoi tdmxav aya&Sv tym re iitj diaqf&aQsif^p iv t% otQatia, 38. £f 
yaQ ladi on vvv iy& oir av ix'O^QOv ^ovko^vog xaxca^ TTOtijoat 
dvvrj^eitjp <jhf zavty rj crqatia ov% uv si aoi ndXiv ^ovXoiiitif 
Borj'&TJaai, Ixavog av ysvoifitjv, Ovzm yaq nqog fjie rj azQatia did' 
xsncu. 39. Kahoi avtov ge fxaQrvQa avv 'd'eoig eidoai noiovfiU» 
on oot9 £/o) TiaQa gov im toig GrgaTmraig ovdev ovte ^xr^tf^ 
nfanotB elg to idiov ta ixeivcov ovte a vniGjipt fioi anitriGa, 
40. "Oiivviii di GOi iiriS anodidovtog de^oufd'ai «y, €4 firj xat o* 
GiQUTimtai sfisXXov ta iavtmv GvvanoXafi^dvHP. AIgj^qov yuQ 
riv ta [lev ifia dianenqax&aiy ta 8e ineivoav negudeh ifxa xaxmg 
e^ovta a'kXmg te xai tiix(6fuvov vn ixtivoDV, 41. Kaitoi' HQaxXei- 
dn ye }.iiQog ndvta doxei elvai- ngbg to dqyvQiov e^etv ex navtoi, 
tQonov ' iym de, (o 2ievd^tjf ovdev vofii^m dvdQl aXXcog te xai 
agxovti xdXhov elva^ xtr^fia oide XafinQOtegov dqet^g xal dtxai- 
OGvvTjg xal yevvatotijtog, 42. *0 yag tavta ii^v nXovttl fih 
ovtoDv cpiXoav noXk^v, nXovtelde xai uXXtov ^ovXofie'vmv yevea&ai ' xou 
ev fiev nqatttav e^ti tovg GvvrjG^ijGOfxevovg, eav de ti Gq}aX^, oi 
GTiavi^ei tmv ^or^d^rjaovroDv, 43. '^XXa yaq el fii^te ix tmv ifim 
egyoDV xaze'iia&eg oti goi ix ttjg "ipvxtjg (fiXog tiv, (iiqte ex tmv efioif 
Xoyoov dvvaGai tovto yvmvai, dXXa tovg t^v Gtqatiaot^v Xoyovg 
fidvtmg xatavorjGov ' TtaQtJG&a yaq xa\ ijxoveg, a eXsyov oi xpeyeiv 
ifte ^ovXofjievoi, 44. KatijyoQovv yaq fiov Trgog AaxedaifAovi- 
ovg tog Ge Tregl nXeiovog noioiiiriv § uiaxedaifAOvtovg ' avtoi <5 
evexdXovv ffiol ag fidXXov fjieXoi fioi OTtcag ta go, xaXoog e^oi ^ o- 
ntog ta eavtav ' IcpaGav de fie xai dmga e^eiv nagd gov, 45. Kaltoi 
ta dmga tavta notegov oiei avzovg xaxovoidv tiva ividovtag fioi 
figbg Ge alnaG^ai fie e^ef*^ nauu gov ^ ngo&vfilav TioXXfjv negt Ge 
xatavoqGavtag ; 40. ^Eyo) fiev olfiai ndvtag dvO'goinovg vofii^eiv 
evvoiav 8tiv dnoxeiG-d^ai tot'tcp nag ov av dmgd tig Xafi^dv^. 2^v 
df, 7ig)v filv vnrigetfJGai ti Got ifie idtioa fjdmg xal ofifiaGi xai 
qxaj^j xal ^evi'oig xai OGa bgoito vniG^vovfievog ovx evenifinXaGO ' 
ine) de xatenga^ag a f^ovXov xal yeye'vrjGai ogov iyo) idvvdfirir 
fieyiGtog, vvv ovtm fie dtifiov ovta iv toig ctgatitotaig toXfiag ne- 
gtogav ; 47. \^XXd firv on Goi do^ei dnodovvai niGtevm xal tof 
Xqovof dtddiaiv as xai tvtov yi Ge ovxl aveisG'&ai tovg go] TiQQeui- 

LIB. VII. CAP. VII. 185 

wovg BvfQyBcioLV ogavtoi aoi iynaXovvrag. Jeofiai ovv aov^ oraf 
anodidmg, TtQO&vfJieTad^ai ifjis naqa toig aiQanwraig toiovtov noi- 
i^aai olovTzeQ xal naqiXa^Eg. 

48. 'u^y.ovaag ravra 6 ^Evd^tjg iiat^Qdaato r^ airap tov fiif 
ndXai aTiodedicd^ai tov fxia^cv ' xal ndvreg 'HQaxXeidtjv rovrof 
vnointsvaav eJvai ' ^Eym yag, scprj, ovie dievoj^d'ijv ndnoTe dnoars' 
grjaai dno^dam t«. 49. ^Evtev&tv ndXw eJnsv 6 Sevoqimv, 'Enei 
Toivvp diafo^ dnodidovai vvv sym gov diofiai di' Ifiov anodMvaiy 
xal fiij nsQudeiv fxs 8ta as dvofioitog ej^ovta iv rj arQarta vvv re 
Kol ore nqhg (si aqjtxo/xed^a. 50. '0 ^ elnsv ' *AXXa ovie toig 
atQarioiraig say 8i^ ifis drifiotSQog ' dv re fisvQg nag ifioi x^Xiovg 
lAOVovg bnXitag s^odv, iyoi ooi rd re xaoqia dfiodoiaoa xaJ rdXXa d 
vnsaioiAriv. dl, 'O 8s ndXiv slnt' Tavra f^sv ixsiv ovrmg ov^ olov 
re ' dnonsiATie 8s ^fidg, Kai fiijv, scpij 6 ^evd^fig, xai daqiaXsare- 
gov ys aoi ol8a ov nag ifiol fASveiv ^ dniivai. 52. '0 81 sidXif 
^Inev ' ^A).hi rr^v fisv ai^v nqovoiav inatvco • ifiol 8s fxiveiv oil 
Hov re ' OTiov 5* dv iym ivtiiiorsgog w, rofxi^e xal aol rovro dya- 
&ovsaeaOaL 53. ^Evrsv&ev Xsysi ^evd-tjg' ^AgyvQiov fisv ovx s^oo 
iXX i] liixQOv riy xal rovro aoi 818(0111, rdXavrov ' ^ovg t^ s^axoai' 
9vg xai TiQo^ara elg rerQaxigxiXia xal dv8Qdno8a stg eixoai xou 
ixarov. Tavra Xa^mv xal rovg rwy d8txrjadvr(av ae OfAi^QOvs 
ngogXa^mv dni&i. 54. FeXdaag 6 Sevoq)mv slnsv ' '^Hv ovp fi^ 
i^ixvrjrai ravra sig rov fxta^ov, rivog rdXavrov cpijam s^siv ; ^Aq 
ovx, mei8ri xal sttixMvvov fioiiariVf dmovia ye d/uivov qivXdrrea&at 
nirqovg ; ^Hxoveg 8s rag dntiXdg, Tote fjisv 8f] avrov sfieive. 

55. Ty ^ varsgaia d7is8coxe re avroig a vnsaiero xai rovg 
ravra iXdaovrag avvmsfupev, 01 8s arganmrai rsoug nsv eXeyop 
tog Ssvocpmv oi^oiro cog 2Jev&i]v oixi^amv xal a vnia'^ero avr^ dno- 
X/]\p6fJievog ' inel 8s avrov fjxovra eJ8ov, ^a'&rjadv re xal ngogi^eov, 

56. Stvoq)0)v 8^ sjitl ei8e Xagfuvov re xal IIoXvvixov, Tavra, eqitj, 
'<al at6(oorai 81' vfidg ry argaria xal 7TaQa8i8(Ofjit avrd iya vfuv 
iffiug 8s 8ia^sfievoi 8id8oTe ry argaria. Ol fJisv ovv nagaXa^ovreg 
xal Xa(fvgon(6Xag xaraari^aavreg etkoXovv, xal TioXXijv eJ^ov airiav, 

57. Sevoqi^v 8s ov ngogrjsi, dXXd qiavegog ^v oixa8e nagaaxeva^o* 
luvog ' ov ydg noo xptjqjOi avrtp enrixro 'A&i^vtj6i negl cpvyrjg, TIgog- 

16* • 


tXd'OPte^ de avT(p ol invtrfieioi iv rtp atQaroTitdtp ideovzo fi^ a;rel> 
d-elv TiQiy OP anayayoi to azQarevfAa acu Qi^gmvi fiagadoitj. 


1. 'Evtsvd'ev diinXsvaav dg Aafixpaxov ' aai anavta t^ £ef o- 
qi^vti EifxXeidrjg udvtig ^PXiaaiog KXsayoQOv viog tov ra ivvnvuA 
iv Avxticp yeygacpozog, Ovtoq avvrfitjo zqi Sevocp^vzi oti iaeam- 
ato ' not TjQoita avzov noaov )^fjvaiov i^^oi, 2, * O S avr^ moiio- 
aag elnev ri fiijv iaead'ai fjir^S* iqjodiov ixapop 0Ma8e aniovTi, el fxh 
dnodoijo TOV innov xal a afxcpi avrov el)[ev. 3. *0 5' atir^ ovx 
iniaiBVEv. 'Ensi ^ enafixpav udaiixpaxr^voi l^svia t4> SsvocpoSvri xai 
e&ve TqJ 'Ano^Xtavif naQeari^aato top EvxXeidrjv ' idmv de rd ieQeia 6 
EvHXeidfjg elnev on nei^ono avr^ firj elvai )[Qriiiaja, '^XX olda 
eqiTjf OTI nav iitXXij noie eaea^ai, (patverai ti ifinodiov, idv fii^def 
aXXoy 6v aavt^. 2^vvoi)fjLoX6yei ravta 6 Sevoqioov. 4. 'O d' el/zef 
*Efjin6diog ydg aoi 6 Zevg 6 MeiXi^tog iati ' xaJ enr^Qezo el ^djy tto- 
te '&vaeiev, agntg otnoi, ecptj, eloid^eiv iyat vfiiv 'dvec^ai xaJ oXoKav- 
telv. * de ovx ecprj i^ otov dnedr^fitjae red^vaevai Tovt(p tq) '&e^, 
^vve^ovXevaev ovv avt^ ^vea&ai [xai] a eld^ei, xw? fSgpjy avvoiaeif 
im to ^eXriov, d. T^ If varegaia 6 Sevocp^v nqoeXd^oiv elg 'OqjQv- 
nov id'ieto hoi (oXoxavtei xoiQOvg T(p natQi(^ voficp' xai inaX' 
Xiegei, 6. Kal tavri^ ly W^Q^ dq)iHveTtat Bit tov xaJ dfia EvxXei- 
drjg j^grj/iaza dm^ovzeg rep azgarevfiazi' xa) ^evovvzai re r^ 
Sevoqi^vzi xaJ mnov ov ev AafixpdTiort dnedoro Tzevztjxopra dagem^, 
VTZOfitevoPTeg avrop 8i' evdeiap neaga^epai, on tjnovop avzop ^8ea&ai 
T(p iTiTiqjy Xvadfjiepoi dntdoaap x«} r^y nfirip ova rj^eXop dnoXa^tip. 

7, 'Epzev'&ev enogeiopto did rijg Tgq^ddog, xaJ vneg^dpteg r^r 
Ibtjp elg'^Apzupbgop acpixpovvzai ngmzop' eha nagd 'OdXazrap 
TTogevoiiBPOi jTjg Avdiag elg Orj^r^g nediop. 8. ^Epjsv&ep 8i' ^Azga- 
uvzziov xa). Kegztopov nag 'Azagpea elg Katxov nediov iX^ovzeg 
JJegyafiov nataXaf4^dpovai tijg Mvaiag, 

^Epjav&a drj iepoZzai Aepocfmp nag 'EXXddi ry FoyyvXov tov 

Egezgtemg ywam. xa] Fogympog x«J FoyyvXov fAtjzgi, 9. Avzt\ 

f avT(p cpgd^H ozi ^Aatddttjg ianp ev r^ nedio^t dptjg Ilegafjg ' tov- 

rof' Iqiil avTOP, el iX&oi trig pvurog avv tgiuHoaiotg dpdgdaiy Xa^f 

LIB. Vir. CAP. VIII. 187 

ar xai avtov ^m yvvaixa xal naXbag nai ta iQtiiiata " elvai de 
TzoXXa. Tuvia 8s Aad^riyriaoiitvovg kTiEfixpe jov te avt^g avtxpiov xai 
JacpvayoQav, ov iieQi nXdaiov inoitlzo, 10. *'E)(^(av ovv 6 Sevo- 
(p&v tovTovg 71 uQ savTc^ s&vtTo. Kuu Baaiag b 'HXeiog fidvtig 
TTUQcov HTzev Szi xd)Mata tit] rk lega uvi^ xal 6 avJiQ akaoaiiiOQ 
huj. 1 1. /ItiTtviiaag ovv inoQBvtzo tovg rt Xoiayovi; rovg fjidXiata 
.plovg Xa^a)v xai niaiovg yeyvrifxivovg dia nuvtog, ontog sv noti^aou 
avTOvg- ^vvtibQ^ovtai de avi^ aai aXXoi ^laadfievoi eig i^axo- 
aiovg ' ol de ).o)^uyol dntikavvov, Iva fiij iJietaSohv to f*SQog, dog 
iroiiKxiv dt] yjjtjfidTav. 

12. 'E;iti ds uqiTiovTO nsQl fitaug vvxrag, td fiev TiSQil^ ovta 
ipdQunodcc, 7 rig riQaiog xal ^[Qf'juaja rd Ttleiaia dnidqa avtovg 
TiaQUfieXovvTuc, cog top ^u4aiddTr^v avtov Xd^oiev xai rd ixBivov* 
13. UvQyofiaji^ovvTeg S' mu ov/. idvvatro Xa^eiv zijp ivqoiv, vxprjXfj 
yd(j iiV x(u fitydXt] xal nQO/xu)^edJvag xal dvbqag noXXovg xai fia- 
pfiovg t^ovGa^ dioQvzreiv imyHQtjaav rov nvQyov, 14. 'O Ss roijfo^ 
i^v im oxtca ttXiv&ojp yr[ivoi)v to evgog. udfia 8e t^ W^Q^ diogoi- 
Qvxro ' xal mg to TZQazov di6q)dvi], indzaiev evSod^ev ^ov7i6Qo;i jig 
o^tXiaxq} diafiTieosg zbv fitjQOv tov iyyvzdzco ' zo ds XoiTibv ixro* 
^tvovzeg etzoiovv fJLr]8e naQitvai hi dacfaXsg dvai, 15. Kexqayo- 
rmv d' avzcjv xai nvQCsvovztov ix^orj&ovaiv ^Ira^iXtog fxev e)^(ov r^y 
iavzov dvvafjirjVy ex Kofiaviag 8s bnXXzai 'AaavQioi xou * Tqxdvioi 
InntTg xou ovzoi ^aaiXicog fita&ocpogoi cog oySoi^xovTUy xal dXXoi 
ntXzaazal Eig oxzaxoaiovg ' dXXoi S ix IlaQ&enoVf dXXoi S «5 
'j^TToXXojviag xal ix tojv nXriaiov x^Qimv xai Innalg, 

16. 'Evzavda 8ri mga i^v axontiv noSg iatai ^ acpo8og ' xai hn- 
^ovztg oaoi Tjaav ^osg xal ngo^aza f^Xavvov xal zd avSgaTioda iv- 
rog nXaiaiov noir^adfievoi ' ov roTg iQ^fiaaiv ovtod Tzgogs^ovteg rov 
vovr, dXXu fii] qivytj titj ij dfpo8og, ei xazaXmovzBg zd XQtuiaza 
uTzinitv, xai oi zt noXsfiioi &QaavzeQOi eJtv xal oi azQaziazai d&v- 
(40 z toot' tvp 8s dntjtGav cog nsql z^v yQijudzcov /laxovfievoi, 
17. 'EttsI 8s scoqa FoyyvXog oXlyovg (isv zoig'^EXXrjvag,7toXXovg 8s 
Tolg sjTixsifitrovgf FlEsQ)^sTat xal avzog ^la zr^g firjzQog sicov ri^f 
tavTOi' 8vrau(v, ^ovXofisvog fiszaax^Tv zov sgyov avve^oi^d'ei 88 xciu 
IJQOxXTjg f£ 'AXiauQviig xal Tsv&Quviag 6 dno JafAaqdzov, 18. Oi 
8i 7rs(jf Stvocpwiza ins! ndvv i^8ij ims^opzo vtio twit to^«vijLat^iy« 


Hoi acpevdovmv, noQevo/jievoi, Hvx}.(p, oncoe ra onXa i^of^^ ^Qo -em 
to^ev/JidtoDV, fiohg dia^aivovai toy Kainov notafiovy TStQoofisvoi 
iyyvg ol Ijixiaeig. 19. 'Evrav&a xal ^Ayaaiag I^Tviicpakwg Xo^ayog 
riTQciaxsTai, top navra iqovov i^ayofievog TiQog zovg TioXsfitovg 
Kal diaad^ovtai a^^Qunoda &ig diaxoaia i)^ovr8g xal nqo^ata 
oaov &vfiara, 

20. Tij di varsQai^ d^vad/iepog 6 Sepocpmv i^dysi vvxTrng nav 
to atgatevfia, onaog on (jtaxQordrfiP eXd^oi rijg uivdiag, mgre firj 
dta to iyyvg ehou (po^ei<sd^ai, dX}! dcpvXaxtsip, 21. *0 ^ 'u^aidd- 
trig dxovaag ott ndXiP in avtop tsd^vfJiivog eittj Sepoq;my xal navu 
t^ atQatevfiati ^^o#, H^avXi^erai eig ycoifiag vno to Tlaq^iviof 
noXiGfia i^ovaag. 22. 'Evtav&a ol nBQi Sspocpmpta avptvyxdvov- 
Gip avtqi xai Xafi^dpovaiP avtop xal yvpaixa hcu naXdag xal tovg 
innovg xai ndpta td wta' xal ovtco td nqoteqa isgd dns^tj. 
23. '^Eneita ndXip dqtixpovptai etg TJFQyafiop. 'Evtavd'a top 
'&top ovx '^tidaato 6 Sevoqimp ' Gvpmqattop ydg xal ot uddxmpsg 
xal 01 Xoxayol xal ol dXXoi Gtgatrjyol xal ol atQatimtai mgts 
i^afgeta Xafx^dpeip xal iTznovg xal ^eiyij xal taXXa' mgte txapof 
ilpai xai aXXop rjdTj sv noiBiP. 24. 'Ex tovtov 0i^Qmp nagayepofu- 
pog naQfXa^e to atgdtev/jia xal avfifil^ag t^ SXXc^ ^EXXr^pix^ 
inoXifiBi nqog TiaaacpsQprjp xal 0aQpd§a^op. 

25. "^Qj^oPteg di oids trig ^aGiXmg x^Q^9 ^^V^ ini^X&ofisp, 
uivdlng ^Agtiiiag • ^Qvylag 'Agtaxdfiag ' Avxaopiag xal Kanna 
doxiag MiOgiddtrig' KiXixiag JSvippeat^' 0omxrig xal ^Aga^iai 
/IfQpYig ' HvQiag xai 'AaavQiag BsXeavg ' Ba^vXmpog ^Ptondqag' 
Mrfiiag 'Aq^dxag' 0a<rMPmp xal 'EjTrsQttmp Tfjgi^atog* Kag- 
^ov^oi ds xal XdXv^eg xal XaXdaToi xal Mdxgmpeg xal KoX^oi xou 
Moaavvoixoi xal KoXtai xcu Ti^agripol avtopofioi' TIaqiXayoviag 
KogvXag • B(&vpmp <Dagpd^a^og * tmp sp EvgoiTty Qgax^p Sevd^rig. 

26. 'Agi&fiog 88 avfindarig trig o8ov trig dpa^daeoag xal xa- 
ta^dasojg ata&fxol diaxoaioi dexampre, nagaadyyai j^iXioi ixathf 
neptrjxopta nspts, atddia tgtgfiigia tstgaxigxiXia i^axoaia nsptfi- 
xopto, Xgopov MXrj&og ttjg dpa^dasmg xal xata^dtfemc, htavrog 



1. Jai/itov, Dariua Ochuf or Nbtkta (*o#a;>, bo called because he 
was an illegitimale Bon or Artaxerxes. He wsb the second king ot 
Persia bearing that name. The following is a tabulnr list of the 
Persian monarchs, with the length of their respective reigns, from the 
Medo-Persian naion to the termination of the empire. 























1 6 



8 IVaihus 







DariiiB HyataapiB 







XeriBB 1. 






to 3 




After the disaBtrouB expedition ofXerxea I. into Greece, the kio^ 
dom >;radualiy declined until it was subverted by Alexander the 

Great. Many of the kings, were weak, cruel, and licenlious. /To^v- 

adriiof, Paryaatis, both sister and wife of Darius. jl^atigliji;, ArtOr 

.verxes, surnamed Mnemon from his retentive memory. He died in 
the ninety-fourth year of his age, being assassinated, as some say, 
by his sor Ochus, while others affirm, that he died of a broken heart 
in consequence of the unnatural treatment which he received from his 

ions. KvQOi, Cyme, generally styled " the Vounger" to distinguish 

him from the elder Cyrus, whose history is given in the CyropEedia. 

utr Si. " These particles," says Butt. ({149. p. 426,) "serve to form a 
connexion, like our indeed but; yetare far more frequently employ- 
ed than these English particles, which usually Tet^utia & <>xQni «Br 

190 NOTES. [Boob. L 

tithesis, while [Up and d^ only place two propositiong c: rlauscs in a 
connexion, which with us is either not expressed at all, or at most by 
hut alone." Cf. Mt. §622; Rob. Lex. art ^<^; Vig. p. 200. In this 
place 6i is continuative, so that the force of/t^V cannot well be given 

in Eng. 'Etzh dK Here dt is also continuative. Of. Butt. §149. p. 

425. ^povUroj he willed, i. e. directed. tw Tialdf. For the con- 

Htruction, Cf. S. § 158. 1. 

2. nvt' serves in this place to cxpreps fhe external connexion be- 

iween the sentences. naoon' friy/avf^ happened to he present. Cf. 

Butt. § 144. N. 8 ; Mt § 263. 3. d. a/ror^? aox^qyfroTn the satrapy. 

(io/^, beginning', is here used in a tropical sense to designate the country 
cf which Cynis was satrap. " Siepissime dicitur de natione vel regione 

imperio eatrapae subjecta." Sturz. ^nnhix, a7TH)^i^f. The aor. used 

fortlie pluperf Cf Mt.§497. 06«.; Butt. § 137. N.l; S.§212.N.l. The 
title aaxiidnr\q seems to have been bestowed upon a governor in his civil, 
and axQar rjyoq in his military capacity. — Kaaxw h v. In the Persian prov- 
inces certain plains were designated for military reviews, or the transac- 
tion of any business, which required the assemblage of large bodies o* 
men. The plam of Castolus was in Lydia. — *j4vafiaO'(i,i& used of a jour- 
ney to a celebrated city, or, as in the present instance, from tlie sea coag* 
into the interior. TiaaarpA^yrrjVy Tissaphernes, the same who an- 
nounced to Artaxerxes the revolt of his brother. He commanded the leil 
wing of the royal forces at Cunaxa, and for his good conduct on that oc 
casion, was rewarded with the hand of one o^ the king's daughters. 
He was mean, perfidious, and cruel, and at last came to an end wor- 
thy of his Climes, being beheaded by the king for his ill success in 

opposing Agesilaus. wq q)0.ov. " qicem (inductus hominis versuti 

simulatipne) amicum sihiputabat.^'^ Krug. Cf ftfol^nvvto wq ivfdgaf 

ovaav, V. 2. §30, where wq has the same force. yal ^>, and also. 

oTtXhaq. Cf N. I. 2. § 2. FlaiJQciator. The Parrhasii were a people 

of Arcadia. 

3. yarfartj dq rtjv ^aadffav, wo^ established in the kingdmn. " rex 
tactus est." Kriig. "regno potitus est." Sturz. xarfarr} signifies rest 
in a place, yet has here the idea of motion from its construction with 
tlq. Cf. Mt. § 578. a. — dtapdlXft rhv Kvqov TTQoq rov ddf).<for Mq iTtifSoit- 
Ifi'iot avTo), accuses Cyrus to his brother of plotting against him. 
^ulUv, traduces ; a trop. signification from the primitive meaning ol 
the word, to transport, carry over, etc. Hence to deliver aver to any one 
in words, to inform against one ; from which is derived the specific 
signification to accuse falsely, probably from the well known fact, tha* 

ail informer often calumniates those whom he accuses. 'O d>, i. e. the 

king. The article here= to the demons, pron. Cf. Butt § 126. 4; S. 

^ 242, -— — re xfltl« and aUo. ^^'WV\%tv xi ^sA %9,i ?it« ipined in the samt 

Chap. I.J NOTES. 191 

niembor of sentence, r/is copulative and xal rngmentative,'* Vig. pi 
195. Cr B'Ut. §149. p. 424. The king not only lent an ear to the 
false accusation made against his brother, bui even went so far as to 

apprehend him. cw? oTroxraiwi', in order to put him to death. The 

^ut. part, with wq marks intention or purpose. Cf. Mt. § 568. For the 
facility with which the Greeks could avail themselves of participles, 
where we should be obliged to employ verbs, cf. Butt. J 144. 1. 2 ; S. 

§ 222. *. i^aitrjaafifVTi avrov, having by her entreaties obtained hit 

pardon: lit. having begged him off for her own sakp For this re- 
flexive signification of the middle voice, cl. Mt § 492. 6 ; S. § 207. 2. 
Parysatis had an almost unbounded influence over Artaxerxes. 

4. wq aTtrj). .*>f, as he went away, wq is here used as a particle of past 
time. Cf. Mt. § 628. 4. It also serves to introduce the cause of the 

sulirsequent conduct of Cyrus. oTiwq ftrJTTnrf tn, how never after 

that never for the future. ^nl tw aMtpwy in the power of his brother. 

For this use of ^Trf, cf Mt. § 585. b ; Vig. p. 237. IX. avr fxitvov, in- 
stead of him, — fi>v Sij, moreover. Cf Vig. p. 202 ; Hoog. p. 107.11. 

vTtrJQXf T«w Kvno), favored Cyrus, i. e. espoused his cause and fav( red 
his desinrns. 

5. ncfTiq — n-drraq. A plural antecedent may be followed by the el- 
ative siniTular, when any one of the preceding number is referred to, 

without being specifically designated. Cf Mt. § 475. a. roiv naga 

pamX/oiq. lit. of those from, the king, i. e. the king's courtiers, or mes* 
senigers. CS. Vig. p. 249. 1. Kriig. says, that by a kind of attraction, 

Twv TiaQa ^amlfojq = tmv naoa paniXfl Ttaoa ^amlfojq. Cf. Mt. § 596. 

fiVTw StarcO^fh;, thus disposed (by his favors). yal roivnao favrw 

S> ^ciofJaofov ^TTfufXflto wq, is put by attraction for, ^Tt^^iAfixo foq ot 

pdo^anoi y. r. X. Cf Butt. § 154. 6 ; Mt. § 296. fvmtxMq f/oifvaftrw^ 

mifrht be favorably disposed towards him. f/^"^ wiih adverbs lit. sig- 
nifies, to have 07*'*\<i self 1o be circumstanced =t7vai,to be; e. g. xaXSq 
f/f I, it is well ; dSvvciro)q l^yjiv, to be unable, Cf Butt p. 442-; Vig. p. 
S5. He wiselv beoran his warlike preparations, by making his subjects 
;roofl f^oldiers and zec.lous friends. 

6. The course which Cyrus adopted to strengthen his army by 
invitinix the Greeks to join his standard, was well planned, and in th« 
•ppuo would have crowned his arms with success, had he not fallen at 
^^nnaxa in the moment of victory. The manner in which he eluded 
the sagacity of his enemies, while raising these forces, shows him to 

\\t\vo been a consummate politician as well as an able commander. 

Svra ft ir, force, abstract for concrete. The article is here employed, 
fitlier because ihe achievments of the Greek forces are the principal 
/heme of the subsequent books, or from the notoriety of their cotitveTx^Ti 
wnth the expedition of Cyme. 3f S. ? 139. N. 1. »^ (ioXtnfa IVI»iK^?t^ 

192 NOTES. [Booi 1 

^7riy.ov7trnfifvoq, OS secctly as possible, w? with the superlative, ii 
often joined with words signifying ability, possibility, etc. Cf. Mt 
} 461 ; S. § 228. The reason for this secrecy is given in the next clause 

cTft like w? strengthens the superlative. Cf. Butt § 149 p. 423 

S. § 228. oTtoaaq . . . Jxdatotq* The order is TtaQ^^yyti'la toXq <pQ0V' 

(>a«/ot? hdatoiq toil' q>vXax(ap hnoaaq il/i x, t. X. Cf. V. 4. § 30, for an ex- 
ample of the same construction. (pvXaxa^, guards^ abstract for 

concrete, a figure of such frequent occurrence els to require no farther 

notice except in special cases. avdoaq fleXoTropvrjatovq, Peloponne' 

ffians, i. e. Lacedemonians, who mhabited a part of the Peloponnesus, 

and were at that time the most powerful state in Greece. ^q irn' 

^ovXevovToq Ti(jaaff()povq, umler pretence that IHssaphemes was plot- 
ting^ or because (as he pretended) Tissaphemes was plotting. Krflg. 
B'.iys, that wq is used here, de re quce prcetextitur, and makes wq irti^ 
SovXfiiovrnq = TiQotpaai^ofifvoq or* iTtipovXtvoi. For the construction 
of wq with the part. cf. Mt § 5^8 •, Butt. § 145. N. 5 ; S. § 192. N. 2. 
The student should carefully mark the uses and significations of thia 
particle. y^n in the next clause introduces the reason why Tissa- 
phemes might be supposed to have designs upon those cities, viz., 
because they anciently belonged to him but had then revolted to Cyrus 
ydo, for^ " never stands at the beginning of a proposition, but instead 
of it xoiX ydg is employed like etenim in Latin. The proposition ol 
which that with ydn assigns the cause is oflen omitted, it being so 
easily understood that it is passed over by the speaker in the vivacity 

of his discourse." Mt. § 615. i^aav. The imperf. is frequently used 

lor the pluperf. when it signifies the long contmuance or frequen 
repetition of an action. Cf. II. 1. § 6 ; VI. 3. § 22. — to dgxcuoVf/ofm^ly 
long before. The neut art is put adverbially with adjectives and 

substantives. Cf.Mt§283; Butt. § 125. N. 5 ; Vig.p.l2. MtXiftov, 

For an interesting sketch of this Ionian city, cf. Anth. Clas. Diet 

7. nQo€eia9-6fifvoq ia aina ravra povXevo^ifvovq, perceiving before- 
hand thai (certain of the citizens) were farming the same design. For 
the construction of fiovXtvo^trovq, cf. S. § 222. 2. By supplying tivaq 
and joining it with povXtvofifvovq to fv 3f tAi/rw, the statement will har- 
monize with the one made, I. 9. § 9. dTtocrrfjvai Tighq Rvgop defines 

ra avra ravra in the preceding clause. Cf. Mt § 532. d, A word or 

"lause thus added by way of explanation is called epexegetical, 

vTTolapwvj receiving.) i. e. taking under his protection. rovq ffttvyov- 

TOKj, the exiles. q>tvy<a among other significations has this, / am an 
invite. Hence the pres. part. (pfvyo)Vy=one wno lives in eanle, an eanle.-^ 
ttatdyHv, to restore, xard in composition often signifies return ones' 

iitutiofu C^* Vig. p. 246. rovq UTttTtrtax^aqf those who Jiad Ot»» 

aamthed »» the exiles. &XXt| tcqo<^qiqv^> aiu]tfwer ^etext* 

CH4F. L] NOTES. 193 

8. dSgX<p9q (af avtov do^vaC ol^ for do^tjvai ol aStXtp^ ovti m^ov, 

aSfXqiot; is in the nominative by attraction with altoq the omitted btio- 

ject of 7{Uov. So&rjvaC of, should be given to him^ i. e. placed unde? 

his CO ramand, fiaXXov ij, rather than, im^ovXri^ snare, plot, al' 

a &dvcfiai, is more usually constructed with the accusative. Cf Mt § 349. 
Ohs. 2. TtoXffiovvxay by carrying on war. The participle frequent- 
ly expresses the means by which the principal action is performed. Cfl 
Mt. §558; Vig. p. 114. afKfl za atQarfv^iara daTiav^v, would ex- 
pend, his treasures upon his troops. So Sturz, Bornemann, and Poppo. 

ovSh' ijxO^tTOj was not displeased = wa^s highly pleased. 

The affirmation of a thing by a denial of the contrary, is a rhetorical 
figure of frequent occurrence called litotes. It could not be otherwise 
than grateful to the king to learn, that his ambitious brother w£is ex- 
pending his strength and treasures in petty strifes with the satraps of 
his realm. For the construction of ^/«9-*to aiVrwis cf Mt. § 348; Butt. 

§132.5.3. xal yag, for also, introduces another reason for the 

unconcern of the king. yiyvofifvovq Saajnovq, the established tribute, 

• toiv TtoXfojv wv stands for twv noXtoDv aq. The relative, which in 

respect to its own verb should be put ki the accusative, is put by at- 
traction in the gen. or dat according to the case of the noun or pronoun 
to which it refers. Cf. Butt. § 143.3; Mt§473; S.§151.1. Thesecities 
were the ones taken from Tissaphernes. In the next clause they are 
spoken of as still being held by him, inasmuch as they had been given, 
him by the king, and were only temporarily in the possession of CyruB, 

9. Xt(iQovi^ao}, i. e. the Thracian Chersonesus. tfj naraimni^ 

Qoq. When the noun is followed by the adjunct, the article is repeated, 
and if the adjunct be an adverb, it thus becomes an adjective. Cfl 

Butt § 125. 3. 6 ; Mt. § 272. a. "A^vSov. Adverbs of place are 

followed by the gen. Cf. Mt. § 324. Abydos was a city of Mysia lying 

5. E. of tlie Hellespont. It was the scene of the fable of Hero and 

Leander. tovS^ is formed from the article by appending the enclitic 

6t, ffvydq, an exile. The reason of his banishment is given, II. 

6. § § 1-4. tiyda 0- rj expresses the idea of admiration a little more strongly 

than its equivalent iO-av/naae. t« — not, both — and>, dagetxotq. 

The daric v^as a Persian gold coin, " stamped on one side with the figure 
of a crowned archer kneeling upon one knee, and on the other with a 
sort of qiiadrita incusa or deep cleft." It is supposed by some to have 
received its name from Darius Hystaspis. It appears from 1. 7. § 18, that 
3000 darics = ten talents. A talent contained 60 mince or 6000 drach 
mje (cf. N. 1. 4. § 13), which would make a daric = twenty drachmse, or 
$S. 5186, computing from the vajue of the old attic drachma (cf. N. I. 4* 
§ 13), and $3. 3044, taking the later value of the drachma as the staod- 
ard Hussey (Ancient Weights. &c VJI. ?) estimates tivt ^is^rvb %% 


194 NOTES. [Book t 

containing on an average about 123. 7 grains of pure go d, and there* 
fore ==-{-^i^:-,V of a sovereign, or about IL Is. lOd, 1.76 farthings «= 
S4. 871, tihus making the coin worth considerably more, reckoned by 
(•.omparison with gold money of modern times, than if ccanputed from 

the drachma. Cf. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p 314. aTih 

TovTo}v iMv /^>»/^aTwi'. MatthioB (§ 572) says, that ano generally ex- 
presses that from which something proceeds as being its effect It 
marks also, the mediate origin or instrumental source of an action. The 
gold which Clearchus received, was a mediate instrument in raising the 

troops, while Cyius who furnished it was the primary cause. rol? 

SouVi, dat. after ^noXtfin. Cf Butt. § 133. 2. 1 ; S. § 195. 1. So 

Virg. Ec. V. " solus tibi certet Amyntas." hn^Q'EXXrianovxov^ onthe 

Hellespont, vTtf'n in the same sense is followed by the gen. II. 6. § 2. 

VII. 5. § 1. Cf. Mt. § 582. dKpAn rovq"EXXjiva<;. Cf Butt § 131. N. 

1 ; Mt § 411. 4. The Greeks here spoken of inhabited the country 

bordering on the Hellespont Cf. 'EXX-nanovrixal TioXstq, infra. Ixow- 

orat, of their own accord, ^ av oilrw, and thus also, av in its dis- 
junctive use signifies a repetition of the same thing. Cf Butt p. 430 > 
Hoog. p. 24. TQfcpofifvov iXdvd-aviv avtw, was secretly (i. e. un- 
known to the king) maintained for him. For the use of the part 
with ildv&avfv, cf N. on I. 1 j 2. 

10. f f i'o$, lit a stranger, but here taken in the sense of one who 
has formed a league of hospitality with another ; a thing which in 
ancient times was frequently done by persons living ja different cities 

and countries. Cf Smith's Diet Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 490. «^ 

Sia/dtovqy to the number of 2000. yvoq^ foreign troops, mercena- 
ries. The practice of hiring foreign troops, was quite common in the 
times of our historian, especially with the Persian kings and satraps. 

wq ovroj TiBQtytrofCfVoq av, = or* ninvq av TttQiyfvoiro (Butt § 139 

14 ; S. { 222. 6), that thus (i. e. with the assistance of these mercena- 
ries) he might subdue, w? followed by a part introducen a reason foi 
what precedes, and may be rendered, in the e.vpectation that. Cf Mt 
J 568. 1. mqC gives to yfyvofiai the idea of sicperiorityy conquest. Cf 

Vig. p. 255. nQoaS-tv — nQlvy priusquam, before — tfuit. xara- 

}.vaai>j sc. rov nohfiov, to terminate (the war), i. e. to make peace. 

11, ^nl UfiaCdaq. Dindorf edits ^iq TliatSaq. but the weight ol 
authority appears to be in favor of the reading which I have Ld opted 

mq finvXoftfvnq, (pretending) th^ he wished. Cf N. § 6. Pisidia 

was a mountainous country, having Phrygia on the west ana north, 
Isauria on the east, and Pamphylia on the south. Its inhabitants sel- 
dom paid tribute or homage to the Persian kings. »q Trnd/ftara 

noQtxoptwf xAv ntiaidSf, because (as he said) ike Pisidians were in. 

fesHng, Ttgdyuatm naq^x^iv ttvi -■ negntia facessere nlicnin to gvH 

Chap. H.] NOTE& 196 

trouble to one. •**— wq noXgft,^awv, Cf. N $ b. «$ is heie jsei, de r€ 


1. ^End ^ idoxfi tidrj aiTw, when now tt ffpemed good to him = 

whenhehcul now ietermined, = yaior Mxfu Cf. II. 1. § 2. 

ar(o. upward, i. e. into the upper countries ot Asia, or those removed from 
the seaboard. Cf. N. I. 1. \ 2. — ^^ t/ji' fi^v 7tu6(paaiv fnoinro wq — /^oi'- 
X6f4froq, he pretended tlicU he wished, or mat his design was. Kriiger 
says, that /f*V here responds to something understood, viz. rfj J'aAij- 

9-ffa iTtt rov paaOJa o mroloq ^i'. w^ m ojq ^7tl rnvTovq is used de 

re prcete^rta. — hnnv&a. Zeune interprets : illuc, in ilbim locum libi 
sunt PisidcB. Weiske: illic, insitadilione. Krttger thinks that Sardis 

is meant, and refers to § 4. Traoayyflht is here followed by the 

dat. with the infin. awaXXayev^riy having become reconciled, either 

by asking pardon, or, as here, by granting it. o f?/* argdrBVfia' 

The antecedent is often, in case of attraction, placed afte^the relative 

and in the same case. Cf Mt § 474. a ; Butt. § 143. 2 ; S. § 151. 3. 

anoTttfixpai. ^Aristippus sent Menon as his substitute. See I. 2. § 6. 

0; avTO) TtQofarrixfi, who commanded for him. avto) is here used 

in a sense, which grammarians call Dalivus Commodi. Cf Butt p* 
368. 7r^o*nrTiix«t,has the signification of the imperf Cf. Butt § 107. II. 
2 ; S. § 209. N. 4. — ^ Iv taiq noUai, i. e. the cities spoken of, 1. 1. 

§ 6. ^(viyiovy sc. argarfVjLtarnq, Xapovta. In the preceding 

clause it is lafiowi. If the leading verb by itself governs another CEise 
than the accusative, either that case or the accusative may accompa- 
ny it, when the infinitive follows. Cf Mt. § 537 ; S. § 158. N. 4. See 
also N. II. 1. § 2. 

2. d^ xat, and also. — — TtoXioQxovvraq. Cf. I. 1. § 7. ix^Xtvae, 

Cyrus summoned (fxaXsaf) his troops from Miletus ; but the exiles 
ovtjr whom he had no authority, he incited (ixfXfvaf) by promises to join 

him in his expedition. il xaXoiq xatoL7tQoi^ irp* a iatQatiwro, if he 

was successful in the object of his expedition. xaxaiis^d^mv. 1 aor. 

opt act. -^ol. for xouranQd^ai, a form often found in this author, and 

therefore requiring no further notice. i<p a, i. e. ravra iij^* a. Cf S. 

§ 150. 5. TravaaaO-at. The aor. is here used for the fut to denote 

the certainty of the action. Cf Mt p. 845. ; S. § 212. 2. See alsa 

il. 3. § 20 ; VI. 5. § 17. oXxaSt. The enclitic S^ is appended to an 

unchanged form of the accus. In o?>ja, the a comes from an implied 

nom. oil. Cf Butt § 116. N. 2 ; S. § 121. N. 3. TroQfiamv, camA 

Of N. on xar/inrTij, I. 1. 6 3. 

196 NOTES. [Book 1 

3. £iv(€u; fikv *if, 80 then Xenias, fiip S^, is lised in entering upon 
A Bubjcct af\er Romething premised or prefatory. Cf. Vig. p. 202. IX ; 

IIoou:. \). 107. III. TtaQfy^ptto, sc. ai'Tw, i. e. to Cyrus. By its con- 

prrurt ion with *?s, motion is implied in 7ra§fy*»'f TO. Cf. N. I. 1. §3. — 
o/T'Yrrt?. Tlie Grecian infantry was composed of, 1. oTrXitai, heavy 
armed, who in addition to tlieir full armor were distinguished for a 
liUL'^e .-liield (o--i/.ni') which they bore: 2. mlraaxaf^targeteers^ bear- 
ing: lii^htcr arms and small round bucklers {n4Xrai)\ 3. i;;»ao(, light 
anned^ who used missile weapons and were employed chiefly as 
skirmishers. Cf. Fisk's Man. Clas. Lit p. 521 ; Smith's Diet Gr. and 
lloiii. Antiq. p. 90. ^/oii-, in this and similar places, may be trans- 
lated by the preposition with, eiq rttiJaxKfxt'^Covq, about four thour 

sand. " Witli numerals elq generally means about J^ Si § 172. 

yv^ivritaq, light armed, from yvuin^^-pip. naked or poorly clad. Hence 
it w;it> applied to the light armed soldiers, who were naked in respect 

to the shield and thorax, which protected the oTtklraC. wq Trevra- 

xoaCovq, about Jive hundred, vjq joined with numerals signifies nearly 

about. Cf. Hoog. p. 189. XIV. o M(ya()(vq. Megaris was a small 

district situated between Athens and Corinth, of which Megara was 
the capital. — dq T{}vay.oaCovq . . . noQtytVfto. I have followed tlie read- 
mg which from four of the best Mss. has been adopted by Dind. and 
Poppo. The more usual reading is iiq fTztaxoa/ovq Yxtav avditaq net- 
^fyfvtro, and is followed by Bom. Kriig. and Long. It must be con- 
fessed that this would make the sum total agree with that of Xeno- 
phon given in § 9, but the Ms. authority upon wliich it rests is too 

doubtful to warrant its adoption. ^v 6^ xat olccq x. t. a. 6e is here 

a general connective, while — xaJ, both — and, connect oltoq and o 
Sfaxiidrriq. roiv oTgatfvoftft'wv follows ^r, because the sense of tJie 
verb is limited to a part Cf. Mt § 322. 7 ; S. § 175. 

4. OvToi fi.>v (iq X. T. A. Some auxiUary forces joined him on the 
march. Cf. infra, §§ 6, 7. — ^dgdnqt^ Sardis, the capital of Lydia, situa- 
ted at the foot of Mt Tmolus, on the river Pactolus. Cyrus made it liie 
capital of his satrapy. It is celebrated also as being the seat of one 
of the seven churches in Asia. 6t in the next sentence is adver- 
sative, i. e. it introduces something opposed to what has gone belure. 
Diodorus attributes to Alcibiades the betrayal of the design of Cyrus, 
and both Plut and Com. Nep. repeat the same in their histories ol 

his hfe. fif(^ova. The Attics not unfrequently nee the uncont re*.. 

ed form of the comparative. rriv naqaaxfvrivy tUe armament 

uq fiaodf'a, to the king, wq = iiq. " It is always placed before nouna 
de** L^ mtelligent objects." S. §172. § iSvraro Ta/mTa=wf 

6 Kai pa<ii.U\q fi^p dn, and then indeed the king. wQitaro 

Chap. IL] NOTEa 197 

This word signifies to incite, impels and intrans. to rush (m, Ii happily 
expresses the haste with which Cyrus commenced his long and perilous 

expedition. orra^^oi'?, datfs marches: lit gtcUiom, halting places, 

where travellers or soldiers rest for the night The Schol. defines 

ara&fioq' atQarionixr} xardXvatq, 7ia()aadyycK:, parasangs. The 

precise length of the Persian parasang is difficult to be ascertained. 
Dr. Jahn CBib. Arch. § 113. X.) makes it about four Eng. miles. 
Rennell estimates .t2.78 British miles. According to Strabo, some 
re( koned it at 60, others at 40, and others at 30 stadia. Xenophon 
reckons it at 30 stadia, since he says (II. 2. § 6), that 16050 stadia— 
535 parasangs, and 16050 -*- 535 = 30. So Herodotus, II. 6. (Ji/raTcu 
6h b Traoaadyyrjq tQirjxorta atdSia. As it respects the xaC before dvo, 
the general rule is that, if the smaller of two numbers stands first the 
two are joined by xat; but if the greater precedes, the conjunction is 
omitted. So w-e say two and twenty^ or twenty-tuo. Here there is a 

deviation from this rule. Cf Mt § 140. rov MafavSgov notafiop- 

The Maeander has its sources near Celaenae (cf § 7 below), and forming 
a common boundary between Lydia and Caria, falls into the ^gean 
sea, below the promontory of Mycale. Its windings are so numerous, 
that it has become a common epithet for whatever is winding or mazy. 

Its modern name is Mendere. nXf&Qa. The tzU^qov = 100 ft. 

•^— inriv il^fvy/ufvfj. A part, with fifiC or its compounds is sometimes 
used instead of the verb of the part Cf Vig. p. 117. IX. 

6. (Iq KoXoaaaq, Colossae was a city of Phrygia Major, on the 
river Lycus near iis junction with the Maeander. To the church 

planted there, Paul addressed one of his epistles. noliv olxovfjtf'rrjv, 

an inhabited city. This epithet is added, because on the route of 

Cyrus were many deserted towns. xdi ^xt, . For xat we have h 

at;, I. 2. § 10, and iv S^ ravraiqf II. 5, § 1. — ^ J6).o7zaq xcd j4ividva^ 
nal'O.vr&fnvq. The Dolopians and -^nianes wereThessahan tribes 
Feparaled by Mt Othrys. The Olynthians were a people of Macedo- 
nia. It was probably to await the arrival of these forces, that Cyrus 
tarried so long at Colosse. 

7. KtXan'aqy CelcBncB, a city lying in the south-west part of Phrygia, 

and formerly its capital. paatXfia, an adj. from ^aatUioq^ ov, here 

used as a snbst phir. for sing. TtaQdSnaoq. Dr. Robinson m his 

excellent Lex. N. T. remarks, that "this word seems to have had its 
origin in the languages of Eastern Asia, and has the general signifi- 
cation, a garden planted with grass, herbs, trees, for ornament and 
for use, and is applied to the pleasure gardens and parks with wild 
animals around the residences of the Persian monarchs and princes." 
That these paradises were frequently of great extent is evident fnim 
the fact that Cyrus reviewed his army in this oue (jcC. ^V^^vsA *^» g 

196 NOTES. [Boos U 

another (II. 4. § 16) tlie Greeks heard that a large army was assem 

bled. ano tnnnvy on horseback. Cf. Mt § 572. So ex equo puff- 

nare. Liv. I. 12. yvftvdaat, to exercise lit. to exercise naked, as 

was done hy those who practised in the pub Jc or private gymnasia, un- 
less cis in some instances was the case, they were merely covered by the 
short '/itiov. With lavxov this verb may be rendered, to expr- 
cbie ; \v\\\\ tov;; i7T7tnv(;,to train. ojion — pnvloixo. When refer- 
ence it8 had to a past action not limited to a precise pomt of time, but 
i«peatO(l by ditFerent persons, or in different places, the optative is put 
with hiiinf and other particles of time. Cf. Butt § 139. N. 6 ; Mt § o21. 

/x Twy ^aadeCiat'y in the palace, i. e. in the enclosure of the palace. 

^x is used by accommodation or attraction, because the source {ntjyal) 
is not only a spring but a running stream, 

8. fifydXov ^aad(o)qj of the great king, a title given xar i^o/^v by 
the Greeks to the Persian kings. Xerxes, on his return from Greece, 

is supposed to have built the palace here spoken of. ^nl raXq nrfyaiq, 

near the sources, ^ni here denotes close proximity. Cf ^nX O-aldaari, 

V. 3. § 2. vfto tf] dxooTzoUi, under the citadel. Xerxes also built 

a citadel, which, as it appears from this passage, overlooked the pal- 
ace and served for its defence. iftpdXlst. is an act. trans, used as 

a neut. ; tavtov may in such cases be supplied. Cf. Mt. § 496. Tttqi 

aoq>(aqj concerning music, i, e. in a trial of musical skill. Pindar and 
other ancient poets, called every art aocpta, and poets, musicians, 
painters, etc. aocpiaraC. For an explanation of this fable of Marsyaa 
and Apollo, cf. Anth. Clas. Diet 

9. fiTTfj&'Blq, having been vanquished. 1 aor. part dep. pass, of 
iirtdo/iat. Reference is had especially to the defeat he sustained at 
Salamis, which caused him to hasten precipitately across the Helles 

pont. TjfifQaq tQidKovra, Cf. N. § 6 (end). KiiTiraq. The 

Cretans were celebrated for their skill in archery, and in later times, 
for their gi'oss immorality and odious vices. Cf Polyb. 4. 17, and 
also Paul's quotation (Tit 1 : 12.) from Epimenides, one of tlieir own 

poets. "Afta 8> xal ^wmlaq naofji', and also at the same time So- 

sias came. ol (rt'^itTrrti'tc?, joined to numerals, signifies all together ^ 

or, in all. Celaenae appears to have been the rendezvous 

for the army. Having now been joined by most of his forces, Cyrus 
proceeds with increased despatch, and by forced marches, endeavors 
to reach the king before he would have time to assemble a large 

10. UfXraq. PeltcB, The site of this place was N. of the Maean- 
der, m the valley and plain formed by the W. branch of tliat river. 
■ rot Avxaia, " Sacrificiis factis Lycsea celebravit" Kriig. '^ l4U- 
p^rcalia institutis ssLcnficil» et ludis celebravit" Hutch. These ,<]r»p-ei 

Chap. II.] NOTES. 199 

were called LyccBan, from Mt Lycseus in the S. W. angle of Arcadia, 
where the Arcadians insisted tiliat Jupiter was bom. The same 
mountain was also sacred to Pan. From the well established wor- 
ship of Pan in Arcadia, it is probable that these games were in honor 
3f him. This is also confirmed by the fact, that these festivals, when 
ntroduced into Italy by Evander, were changed in name only (being 
jailed Lupercalia), and were still sacred to Pan, Cf. Fisk's Man. 

31as. Lit pp. 434, 565, 571. d^wi^a, contests^ games, arh/- 

rtdsqj flesh scrapers^ used in baths for rubbing off the sweat and filth 
Tom the body. Schneid. and after him Krflg. understand by this 
«rord, a kind of Hhhon or filet But as Poppo justly observes, this 
^ould be a far less pleasing gift to the Grecian soldiers, than the 
*trigiles, flesh scrapers^ which they were accustomed to use in the bath. 

KfQafioiv dyaijarj the market place of the Ceramians, at or near 

he modern Kutahiah. This Ceramus which appears to have been 
situated in the north-east boundary of Phrygia, and according to 
Rennell due north of Celsense, must not be confounded with a place 
)f the same name in Mysia. Cyrus seems to have passed through 
diese cities so much out ot* his route, in order to take in provisions, 
and stores for his long march. From Ceramus he persued a more 

iirect course to Babylon. rtghq rfj Mvofa, next to Mysia, 

11. Kdvotocv 7if()favy i. e. the plain in which the city Cays- 
tnis was situated. Wilkinson in his Clas. Atlas locates it a little N. 
of Mt. Taurus. Rennell conjectures, that its site was near that 
occupied by the modem Sakli, a town where the roads from Constan- 
tinople, Brusa, and Smyma, pointing towards Syria meet. He also 
remarks, that Cyrus had now entered the first of a series of valleys, 
formed by several parallel ridges connected w^th the greater chain of 
Taurus on the N. E. side, or that towards Phrygia and Cappadocia, 
which he q^aitted at the Pylaj Cilicise. niaO-'oq nleor. The gen- 
der of the adjective has reference to the gender implied in the substan- 
tive. Cf. S. § 137. N. 2. inl taq &vQaq, at the gates, i. e. at the 

head quarters of Cyras. iXnCSaq Xf'ywv dtrjye, he was coTitinually 

expressing (his) hopes (that he should soon be able to pay them). 
For the construction of ^tay w with the participle, cf. Butt. § 144. N. 8 ; 

Mt. § 552 ; S. § 222. 4. STilnq fjv avm^itvoq = Srjlov ijp ixrX- 

VQV aridfjO^ai = StjXov ^>' ort fjvioito, it was evident thai he was troiU)- 
lecL By a s}>ecies of attraction, SriXov iativ loses its impersonal form, 
and takes the subject of the following verb as its own subject. The 
verb in the dependent clause becomes then a participle. Cf Mt §§ 

291 : 549. 5 ; Butt. 5 151. 7 ; Vig. p. 33. VI. ov yaQ ^v nghq rov 

KvQov TQoTTovtfor it was not in accordance with the character of Cyrus^ 
»r more hn "^^y it was not the character of Cyrus, ngwi has in this Dlaicyi 

200 NOTEa [Book U 

the signification of congniity. Of. Vig. p. 257 ; Storz Lex. Xen. 
The gen. of quality, custom, etc is sometimes found without the 

preposition. Cf. Mt { 316. ^x^vxa agrees with ixtivov understood, 

the Bubj. accus. of aTZodidovau 

12. wptxvtirou 'Etivo^ou, Krug. surmises that she was sent by Sy- 
ennesis. Wessel. ad Diod. XIV. 20 observes, that Svtntfatq was a 
name common to many of the Cilician princes. It was prdbably a title 

of dignity. yur^, a woman, here a married woman, wife, 

d* ovv introduces the consequence of the munificence of Epyaxa, 

viz. the payment of the troops. ^Aamvdlow;^ Aspendians, Aspendus 

was a populous city of Pamphylia, W. of Cilicia, situated on both banks 
of the river Eurymedon. Here Thrasybulus the Athenian general wan 
slain. iX^ytto S^ xoU avyysvdaO-cu Kvqop, The subject of the in- 
finitive may be changed into the subject of the prfncipsd verb, (cf. nor 
^Qoq fikv 6fi X^yetat, o KvQoq yiviaO-at Ka^fivasm, Cyr. I. 2. J 1) ; or re- 
main unaltered as in the present instance. Cf Mt § 537. p. 931 ; 
And. and Stod. Lat Gr. § 271. R. 2. avyytrsa&ai. An euphemistic 

13. SvfipQiav, Hutch, thinks that this is the town, which, in Cyr. 

VI. 2. § 11, is called BtifipQaga. Ttaqci rijp oSov, by the way. When 

it expresses the idea of rest or position, nagd is usually followed by 
the dative, but when the idea of previous motiwi is impUed, it is fol 
lowed by the accusative. Butt ({ 147. N. 3.) says that Tiaga top, in 
answer to the question where, must be rendered by, by the side of, the 
same as when followed by the dative. In such an instance, however, a 

previous coming to the place is strictly imphed. M<6ov,gen, o^MC- 

daq, limits xQtivri understood. How this Phrygian king had for a time the 
power of converting into gold whatever he touched, and how his ears 
were changed into those of an ass, the student is referred to the ac- 
count given in Anth. Clas. Diet Some have supposed that he was 
kiag of the BqCyt<: in Thrace, and having migrated with his subjects to 
Asia Minor, the place where they settled, by a slight alteration of the 
'etters was called Phrygia. Those who adc">t this opinion make 
Thrace the scene of the story of Midas and Silenus. — irp ^, at whicli, 
where. " The dative inl tw in a local sense, expresses particularly 
the idea of close by.^^ Butt. § 147. N. 4. SdrvQor, i. e. Silenus. 

oivo) xtgdaaq avr-^f , having mixed it with wine, or according to 

aur mode of expression, having mixed wine with it. ntqdacK;, is the 
1 aor. act. part o^ xtoavvvfu. Cf S. § 118. K. 

14. TvQiaiop TyrifBum, a Phrygian city on the confines of Lyca- 
onia. povXofitvoq, willing, i. e. consenting. 

15. wq voftoq avTolq tiq fid/fiP, sc. rdrrsaO^h as they were acciu^ 
tnmed to be manrshaUed fisr battle, avraitq depends on ^v understood 

Chat. U.\ VOTES. 201 

— arrjvouj to stand (in marshalled array). Tfxaatop, sc. argimfi' 

yov. Reference is had to the generals, such as Clearchus, Proxenus 

Menon, etc. inl rsrtdoojVf four deep. The deptli of a battalion 

is its extent from front to rear, and is determined by the number ol 
men in each file, or the number of ranks. The number of men in a 
rank constitute the width of a battalion. ^tzC is here used in a 

tactical sense. Cf. Vig. p. 235. Ill ; Mt § 584. &. to fjikv 

df^tor, the right wing. It does not clearly appear, why Menon 
had this post of honor given him in preference to Clearchus. 
unless it was done to flatter his pride and keep him in good temper. 

In the battle of Cunaxa, Clearchus commanded the right wing. 

TO dk tvoh'Vftnv, the left \Ding. evm'vtwq («i', ovofia) is euphemistically 

used for aotofT^oo?, left^ sinister^ a word of ill omen. to 6^ fiiaov^ 

the centre. Cf. S. § 138. 1. 

16. ovv is here continuative, i. e. it marks the external connexion 

between the two sentences and may be rendered, ihen^ so then. 

TiaoTilavrni'y rode by. iloLvru} lit signifies to drive, impel forward, 
and is used in connexion with horses and chariots. With xara toc^ci^ 
it may be rendered marched by. The f/.// was a troop of horse, drawn 
up by the Thessalians usually in the form of an egg. An X).r^ num- 
bered Gd, although the term is often used for a party of horse of any 
number. Two such troops constituted the ^^rtAao/Za, and eight of 
them the InTraoxfa. Four of the last named made up the t/-?.o? of the 
cavalry = 2048 men, and two Tf Ai/ the intxayfict, = 4096 men. A 
Tct^t? was a division of infantry = 128 men ; a avvrayfta or two 
td^dq = 256 men ; a 7T9vxaxoniaox(ct or two avvtaYfAata = 512 men ; 
a / J.tart//'a or two of the last named = 1024 ; a ittoaox''^ or t*^os twice 
the preceding or 2048, which doubled made a (fd),ay^ = 4096 men, the 
commander of which was called arnar i/yo?. Divisions however, of very 
difl'erent numerical strength were at various times designated by the 
name (fd).ay^. Cf Man. Clas. Lit. p. 525 ; Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. 

Antiq. p. 91. tlra S> rovq"EXXqvaq. It was a compUment to tlie 

Greeks, that instead of having them march by him in review, he rode 

along their ranks accompanied by the Cilician queen. i(p aQ/ior 

TO?, ill a chariot. i:il is placrd hcfore the genitive in answer to the 
quest it n where, and sometimes in the panic sense before the dative. 
Butt. (§ 147. N. 4.) remarks that in respect lo int and xard " observa- 
tion and practice must do the greater paru ' The same is true of 
most of the ])articles and prepositions of this noble language. Thb 
student should fix in his mind the literal signification of a word, and, 
in respect to its special application to a given passage, be guided by 
the context and that skill o ' grammatical appliance, which is the re- 
•uh of critical and leng continued study. «^^«fM«|tv^ T\ 

20i * NOTES^ [Book 1 

kartuanuixa was a lour- wheeled carriage, covered overhead and en- 
closed witli curliiiiis, used for tlie conveyance of females ana children, 
and oi'tcntinics men oi* high rank, when they wished to consult tlieii 
case and pleasure. It was in a magnificent harmsunaxa, the cxinstruc- 
tion ol' which occupied two years, that the body of Alexander the Great 

was conveyed from Babylon to Alexandria. x^dvri^ helmets, accus. 

plur. of xodvof, — «o(j. Sometimes the helmet was made of leather 
Cf. xi^tdvfj (Txi'/Tti'a, V. 4. § 13. When the leathern basis of the helmet 
was strengthened or adorned with bronze or gold, it was called 
Ifa/Lxijo^/?, xii^'^'f^hi 6tc. When the basis was wholly metal, the helmet 
received the epitlict, xodvt] /aAxo, Lat cassis. It was usually adorned 
with a crest {).6(fo<;) of hair or a tufl of featliers, according as the 

wearer wished to look terrible or handsome. ;f ^rwya?, tunics. 

This was an iimcr garment, reaching usually to the knees, and kept 

in its place by a girdle. xrrjuldaq, greaves. These extended from 

the foot to the knee, and were made of brass, or some more precious 
metal. The Roman ocrece were usually plated with iron, and in later 

times were placed only upon the right leg. daTtCdaq, shields. 

The Grecian shield was usually round, and made of hides covered 
with plates of metal. For a fuller description of the shield, cf Man. 
Clas. Lit. § 139 ; Smith's Gr, and Rom. Antiq. p. 245 ; Hom. II. 18 ; 
478, with Flax. lUus. In Felton's Iliad is a valuable and ornate dis- 

cription of the shield of Achilles. ixxtxa&aQfjL^vaq, burnished, from 

nad-aCiio), to cleoiise, and h.,from. 

17. atriaaq zo dijiict, stopping his chariot. For this trans, signif. 

of tatrifii, cf. Butt. 5 107. II. p. 226. (pdXayyoqf "phcUanx, here 

referring to the army drawn up in array. Cf N. § 16. at^aaq — 

Tt^fiijjaq. The conjunction is frequently omitted between participles, 

See Mt. § 557. 3. Tt^ofiaXeaO-ai. rd onXa, to present their weapons^ 

L e. hold them forward as if they were going to fight. iTnxojoraat, 

to advance, as though against the enemy. iadlmy^f, sc. 6 aaXniy* 

xxnq. Cf Mt. § 295. 1 ; Butt §129. 8 ; S. § 157. N. 8. (2). iodlmy- 
U is an early form of the 1 aor. A later form is iadXmaa. Cf Butt 

§ 114. p. 300 ; S. § 118. -T. *Ex 6h rovrov, then, after this. 

ftQoi6vT0)f, sc. airuiv. The part, in the gen. ^ften stands alone, when 
the subj. can be suppUed from the preceding context See Mt. § 563 j 
Butt. § 145. N. 4; S. § 192. N. 3. For the construction of ;r^oto>^w* 
in the gen. abs. instead of nQotovai in agreement with OTQaxtfatatq, cf 

Mt. § 561. mo rod avrofidtov, of their own acccord, voluntarily. 

dno expresses the manner in which an action is done, or the motive 

which produces it Cf Mt § 573. p. 996. in\ xdq axtjrdq, i. e. the 

tents belonging to the Persians, for m the next section we find the 
Oraeks returning to their own quarters (in rdq gxrivitq ^X^0p), 


Chap. II.] KOTES. * 203 

18. i(pvyfv ix tfjq a,//fa/ra,^//?. Jled away in her harmamcuva. So 
Zeune, Weiske and Kriiger. Cf. Mt. § 596. But Liori; Schnei- 
der, Bornemann, and Poppo, interpret, leaped from her harmarruuva, 
(which was drawn by oxen or mules), in order to accelerate her flight 

ot ix iTjq ayn.a^ — l'(f(vyoP = ol ip tji ayo^« ix trjq dynfjdq ^cpevyov, 

those in the market (i. e. the market people) began to flee away from 
the Tnarket^ or more briefly, those in the market began to flee away, 
Cf, I V. 6. } 25 ; V. 7. § 17 ; VI. 2. § 18, et ssepe alibi. The ayoqd wa« 
a place in the camp where the sutlers or victuallers exposed their 
commodities for sale. ¥q)fvy(Tr, The imperf. tense here marks 
the commencement of an action. Born., Dind., and Pop., following 
Schneid., edit IcfAtynv, But Hutch., WeisL, Krug., and others, rightly 
prefer the imperfect, as tlie flight could not be considered, uno 

quasi ictu ahsoluta, avv y^hon, on account of the flight of the 

barbarians. rijv Aa/<;rpoT//Ta, the splendor, viz. of the arms and 

uiiii'onvi. rrjv rdhv, the order, martial appearance, Kvgoq dk 

TjaO-rj. The terror, with which this sham-fight of the Greeks struck the 
barbarians, gave to Cyrus an earnest of victory over the imdisciplined 
hosts of his brother. 

19. ^Ixoviov, Iconium, Luke (Acts 14: 6) seems to locate this 
city in Lycaonia, although, as Bloomfield observes, if the article be- 
fore Ttohtq rijq Av/.aovCaq be allowed its force, it would appear other- 
w^ise. Strabo reckons it as a city of Lycaonia, but as the boundaries 
of these provinces were continually changing, it is probable that sub 

sequent to the time of Xenophon, it became a city of Lycaonia. 

Avy.aovCaq, Lycaxmia. This country lay S. E. of Phrygia, and was 
included in ttie basin formed by the Taurus and its branches. It was 

made a Roman province under Augustus. wq noUfiCav ovaan 

becaus » it was hostile, Kruger says, that w? is here used, de re quam 
^is causam esse dicit. The Lycaonians as well as the Pisidians 
did not acknowledge the authority of the Persian kings. 

20. rrfv raxCarrjv o^V, the shortest way. The Cilician queen took 
llie direct route to Tarsus by the S. E., while Cyrus with the main 
army took the N. E. route which was circuitous and more than twice 
the distance, in order (as Rennell remarks) to cross the Taurus at 
Dana or Tyana, where, by the contraction of the ridge, a very short 
passage was afforded into the plain of Cilicia. It will be seen that 
the marches between Iconium and Dana were very long. This may 
he accounted for, in his wish to be at the Pylae CiUcise in season to 
tuKO advantage of the diversion, intended to be made m his favor by 
\ie fleet and tlie detachment of Menon. This desire to secure the 
co-operation of his fleet will account also foi the long marches be- 
tween the river Py^swnus and Issus (I. 4. § 1). <yrqaTtoix«.<i <Ak 

204 NOTES. [Book i 

Mifoiv t7xi* Under cover of being a guard of honor to Epyaxs^ a body 
of troops was thus intrciduced into the heart of Cilicia. Its effect upon 

Syennesis is given in the next verse. Kannadoxfaq^ Cappadocia^ 

an interior country of Asia Minor, N. of Cilicia, celebrated for the 
excellence of its wheat and horses, and the dullness and vice of its 
inhabitants. The Greeks regarded the Cappadocians as the worst of 
the three Kappas, or nations, whose names began with that letter ; 
the other two being the Cretans and Cilicians. The character of the 
rJappadocians is satirized in the Epigram : 

Vipera Cappadocum nocitura momordet ; at ilia 
Gustato periit sanguine Cappadocis. 

•^— ip y, sc. xQ^vff), tpoirtxtotfiv. Larch, renders this, ^feanlla- 

rmniy standard bearer, Voss., purpurea tinctorem ; (Krug. adds) vd 
eum qui pwpuris tingendis prcefectus est^ quod munus apud Persa- 
rum reges honorlficum fuisse coUigeris. Morus interprets, pwrpieraium. 
The epithet fiaadnov seems, however, to conflict with this significa- 
tion. Sturz says that Brod. has best rendered it, umim e regiis fa- 
mUiaribus punica veste iitdutum non purpurea^ It is worthy of re- 
mark, that Hesych. has inserted this word in his Lex. without any 

mterpretation. ^vrdarriv, a high officer: lit. one in power, " qui 

principum inter praefectis locum tenebat." Hutch. cUrtaadfttvoQ 

t7i$povXtvtiv avrw, having accused them of plotting against him, 

21. Kihxfar, Cilicia, This country lay S. of Cappadocia, W. ol 
Syria, and E. of Pamphylia. It was divided into two parts ; the 
western of which was called Trachea (T^^w/^Za, rough), the eastern, 

Campestris {mdivri, level), ^ S^ tiqpoXij, the pass. Cf N. § 22, 

— afAf^avoq eiaeX&tiv argotTfu/na/tiy inaccessible to an army. Kriig. 
observes that a^tA^/aro^ dqsX^tlv is put by attraction for -^v a^^avop 

^ eiqiX&elv, XeXoiTtox; eXrj^ had abandoned. Cf N. on ^nfiv ^t«v- 

, y/»«'^) 5 5. intl fiaO-txo ro rt Mdvon'oq arQcirev/ia oxi ijSri, This 

reading is found in the best editions. Dindorf however edits fja&tro 
or* TO Mdvojvoq arQoitBVfia ijSij, As to the construction, Mt (§ 296) 
says, " the subject of dependent propositions is often wanting, because 
by attraction it is construed with the verb of the principal proposition.' 

ZJf Rost. § 122. I. 8. iXaot) within, i. e. in respect to Tarsus the 

capital. 6(^^(ay an uncontracted form of the gen. plur. frequently 

used by the Attics. Cf Mt. § 78. Obs. 7 ; Butt § 49. N 3. xal 

ori TQiriQfiq ^xovs TZfoiTtXiovaaq aft 'Ttovtaq siq KtXtxlav Ta^iiiv tx^^ 
wa raq AaxiSat/novCoiv xat ai to? Kvqov, The order is, xat on (== jSiori, 
,. e. dta tovTo otu on this account, because), rixovt Ta^tiov ^xorra (= 
or* Tafio)q e^x^) t^*^^**? Tctq AaxidaifjLOvi^av xai avrov Kvonv mumXtov- 
aaq an ^latvCaq ilq KiXvxCa%', Kruger says th£ t the writer intended tc 
have joiofgd ^xo' e with Tgnji,)*^? ntQtTtXsoma^, but wishing to name 

Chaf. II.] NOTES. ?0S 

the admiral of the fleet, h( connected it with Tafuwr. Cf. TJniryfi 

III. 26. aiToiJ KvQov. When avroq is followed by a proper nanus 

the article may be omitted, especially if the article can be dispensed 
with, tlie pronoun being omitted. If avro? is followed by a conmion 
substantive, the article usually is retained. Cf Mt. 5265. 1 (end). 

22. ov ol KCXixti; icpvXartov, where the Cilicians kept guard, or tised 
to keep guard. Schneid. remarks, that the CiUcians always kept a 
guard in this place for the defence of the country. But that this 
should be done in time of peace, or that a standing guard should be 
quartered in tents, Kriiger thinks to be quite improbable, and there- 
fore gives to ifvXarrop the sense of the pluperfect mdlov (Atya, 

See above, § 21. inCi^qvxov, Cilicia Campestris was watered by 

the Pyramus and Cydnus. Cf N. § 23. ffiTrXtwv, neut. accus. of l)»- 

Ahojq. - — There seems to be little difference between ftfUrr], panic^ 
and xiyxQoq, millet^ except that the former bears its grain in ears, and 
tlie latter in bunches, whence the Lat. mUlium, as if one stalk bore 

a thousand seeds. Cf. Encyc. Amer. "Ogoq d* avto nojitxtt x. t. 

A., hvt a strongly fortified and lofty mountain environs this (i. e. 
Cilicia Campestris) on every side from sea to sea. Bom. renders 
oxxfQov^ bene r initus: Poppo, munitus natura vel arte. To this re- 
gion, so entirely ^circled with high and rugged mountains, there 
were but three passe • PylsB CilicisB, in the range of Mt. Taurus, 
through -which Cyrus entered: Pylae Amanicae, so called from Mt. 
Amanus on the Syrian side of Cilicia : Pylse Syrise, a pass leading 
from Cilicia into Syria, south of the Pylae Amanicae and near the sea. 
Cf I. 4. § 4. Through the Pylae Amanicae, Darius led his army into 
Cilicia, not knowing that Alexander, about the same time, had passed 
tlirough the Pylae Syriae and was therefore in his rear. 

23. Taoaovq. This city, situated oh the banks of the Cydnus not 
far from its mouth, ranked with Athens and Alexandria in learning 
and refinement. It is celebrated in ecclesiastical history as being tlie 

birth place of St. Paul. ijaar — fiaafUia, The general rule, that 

the nom. neut. plur. has the verb in the sing., is often transgressed by the 
Attics tliemselves. Cf I. 4. §§4, 10 ; 5. § 1 ; 8. § 10, et saep. al. 

KvSvoq^ Cydnus^ a river remarkable for the coldness of its waters, 

which almost cost Alexander his life, and according to some wi iters 
proved fatal to Fred. I. of Germany, who bathed in its stream. This 
was the river, up which Cleopatra sailed with such magnificence to 

meet Anthony. Svo 7iXf0-(J0)v. The Attics use di'o indeclinable. 

Cf. Butt § 70. 2 ; Mt § 138. 

24. i^fhnov — tiq ;fwo^i'. With a verb signifying removal from 
* place, the accompanying motion to a place is frequently expressed 


80b NOTES. [Book ^ 

by tiq. ('f. Mt § 578. So wo. sny, he left roR Boston; they startea 
FOR the West. Kr\\gcv re.i\)vvh\<r to IV. 1. § 8, where it is fully written, 

makes i^^'hnoi'—-(i<; /<o<t{ov = txliTrorrtg I'tffvyov eiq /taotov. nXiiv 

»{ xa xa/trjlfla ^/oi'xf ?. These ian-keepers stayed behind either because 
there was some chance of gain ; or, as Bornemann suggests, because 
their occupation, as keepers of caravansaries for the entertainment ol 

travellers, would pro to t them from all injury. SoXoiq, Soli, or 

Soloe (Cf. Anth. Clas. Jict), a city of Cilicia Campestria, near the 
mouth of the river Lamus, said to have been founded by an Aiienian 

colony. 'Jaaoiq. Issus lay S. E. of Tarsus at the foot of the 

Amanus, and was famous for the victor)' of Alexander over Darius. 

25. 7t{iQxd{ia KvQov nivre iifit\iaq. For the reason of this, cf. N.§ 20. 

— — vTtntfioXfj, passage over. rdv dq to mSlov, sc naO-rixovtiov^ 

those (extending or sloping down) to the plain. The event here spo- 
Ken of took place, when they were descending into the CiUcian plain 

flxa 7tXavQ}fibvovq anoWa O-at,^ thus (i. e. in consequence of hav- 
ing lost their way) wandering about they perished. For this construc- 
tion of (Ixa with the participle, cf. Butt. § 144. N. 7. 

26. dt,¥i()naaav^ pillaged. This verb properly signifies to snatch 
asunder^ as is done when one is eagerly endeavoring to get posses- 
sion of any article. ovStvl limits dq ;f*T(>a? iXO-tivy and iavxov fol- 
lows the comparative xQitxxovi. Cf S. 5 186. 1. tiq x^^Q^ iX&tlv. 

Sturz, Bornemann, and Poppo, interpret: accedere adaliquem. Krflger: 
cojwenire ad colloquium. It literally signifies, to come into the Jiands, 

1. e. to put one's self in the power of any one. ispou. Repeat ti^ 

XelQ»q from the preceding clause. 

27. tiq xrjv axQo^tavy for the army, a form = to the Dat. Com. 

only more emphatic. a vofi^fxai naoa paaiXfi xCfiio^ which with 

kings (lit with a king^) are regarded valuable, or which in the esti- 
mation of a king are of great value. axQtnxhv xQ^^covv, a golden 

necklace. Thr clause, xijv xoi^nv firix^xi oupagndZead-ai, is one of tlie 

objects of ?^wx«. -^v Ttov ivxvyxdvwfJiv, wherever (the Cilicians) 

Could find (them, i. e. xa fi^tnaafiiva avSgaTioda), 


1. ol yoiQ. The particle ydg is here causal, i. e. it introduces tlie 

reason why the army tarried so long at Tarsus. ovx ftpaaav h'nu. 

refused to go. In absolute negations, ov and the verb or subst. form 
Ibgether an idea direcliy opposite ti) that of the verb or substantive 

Chap. 111.] NOTES. 207 

alone. Cr. Mt § 608. I ; Butl. { 148. N. 2. xov ngoam. The 

^en. ite employed whenever the sense of* a verb is limited to a part 
Cf. Butt. § 132. c See also the Homeric phrase, &f(iv ntSloio, Prof. 
Woolsey with Kuhner ranks this among the examples of place, which 

Mattliiae has given, § 377. Kriig. makes it == h to Tt^oaw. rjSii 

implies that, previously to this time, they did not suspect the real ob- 
ject of tlie expedition, or at least that the suspicion had not become 

general. inl ^aaiWa hvat, that they were marching against 

the king, int tovtw^for this purpose, i. e. to march against. the 

king. TtQwroq dh K)Ja(Jxoq x. r. L Here we see in Clearchus 

the stem soldier, which he is described to be, II. 6. }} 1-15. We 
also see to what a pitch of exasperation his soldiers were raised^ 
that they should dare to throw stones at a general, whom Xeno- 

phon says they feared more than they did the enemy. iptor- 

C?To, attempted to force. This conative signification of the im- 
perfect (Cf Butt § 137. N. 10) is also found, IV. 4. } 19 ; V. 4. § 23. 

fpaXlovj sc. roXq U&otq (fully written V. 7. § 19), threw stones at 

him. The imperfect in this place expresses an action continued by 
being frequently repeated. 

2. KXtaQxo<i ^^ TOT* fi^v fitx^ov i^^q)vys rov fiij xaraTiexga&^vaij 
Clearchics then barely escaped being stoned. A verb implying in itself a 
negative, is construed witli another negative, on the general principle in 
tlie Greek language, that one negative strengthens another. Cf. Butt 
§ 148. N. 9 ; Mt § 534. b. Obs. 4 ; Vig. p. 171. Dind. edits to firi xa- 

raTtfTQoj&rjvat. dvvtiafrai. The fut is often employed to designate 

that which is fut to past time. ixxltiatav, an assembly. Either le- 
gally or tumultuorslv gathered together ; here the former, as they were 
summoned by their general. The aorist and imperfect are here inter- 
mingled, as the attention is directed at one time toth^ accomplishment, 
and at another, to the continuance of the action. «?ra, then, de- 
notes sequence in the order of things. Cf Hoog. Gr. Part. p. 61. 

3. on ;f aAfTTuJ? <p^Q(D, that I am very much troubled. Cf Vig. p. 

ICT. tolq TtaoovoL Ti^dyfiaaiv, The dat is put with msui) Das- 

sivcs and neuters, expressing the cause, occasion, or object of the pre-^ action. Cf Mt § 399 ; S. § 198. Sometimes ^;r^ is employed 

with this dative. See Bos. El. p. 212. (pevyovra in rij? Ttargi^oqf 

hfin^ an exile from my country, Cf N. on I. 1. § 7. As (pnynvra expresses the idea, an exile from one^s country, in consequence 
of the addition in this place of ix xrq 7taT{i(So<;^ Kruger conjecture* 
that it should be (fvyovta, or tliat it is put by a kind of attraction tor 

(fvyovra ix t»7s itatQldoq xal (pd'yovra, ra ciXXa, in other respects^ 

i. e. in other ways than the one here mentioned. Butt (§ 150) maketi 
re' xt ^IXa — xai -■ as in §ther respects — <• also especiallu. 

208 N0TE8. [Boos i 

aXX' ot^ xa&fjdv7td^rj(ja, nor did I waste it in pleasure. aXXa adds 
emphasis to the negation. Cf. Hoog. Gr. Part p. 4. XI. 

4. itificaQovfiriv is here followed by ihe accus. in the sense of, / took 
vengeance upon, I punished. Followed by the dat its translation 

would he, I avenged. arO-* &v «5 tnaO-ov vn ixsCvov, in return for 

the favors Irceived from him, or because that I was well treated by 
him. avO^ m = dvrl xovxtav a (S. § 151. R. 1), or, dvxl tovtoi», ot»» 
Cf. Butt § 150. p. 435. 

5. ^EmX $^y hut since, d^ is here adversative. — avfi7toQ(vsa&€u, 

sc. fioC. TtQodovra agrees with fit understood the subject of x(^V' 

oO-ai. Cf S. § 158. N. 4. fif&' vfiwv Uvat, to go with you (home- 
ward). Schneider, at the suggestion of Person, has substituted this 
reading for fieO-' vfi^av dvai, to side unth or help you. This correction 
makes it harmonize with iyo) avr vfilv ?t//o/tat, § 6, which seems to be 

a repetition of the same idea. El fi}v drj, whether indeed, ti is often 

used in an indirect question with the indicative, especially when de- 
pendent upon a verb implying doubt or uncertainty. Cf Butt § 139. 
6. See also the use of the conjunction si, And. and Stod. Lat Gr. 
{ 261. 2. R. 1. ovv " serves to make reference = as for that mat- 
ter, or however?^ Woolsey. Cf V. 6. J 11. KaX ovTtore, ana 

never. xaC is here confirmative, i. e. it introduces a reason for the po- 
sition taken by Clearchus, and therefore serves to confirm his previous 
declaration. The phrase may be rendered, yes, never shall any one 

say, etc. dq rovq paQ^doovq = fiq paQ^do^av x^ii^v, Cf. iiq Ka^- 

dovx^vq oiyoi. III. 5. § 15. See also IV. 7. § 1 ; V. 5, } 1, et ssepe. al. 
The same mode of expression is employed by the Latins. Cf. " relin- 
quebatur ima per Sequanos via." Caes. Bel. Gal. I. 8. 

6. *AXXa, but now. The train of thought, partially interrupted by 
the sentences commencing with Ei fikv dij, and Kal ovnote, is here 

resumed. neCO-ta&ai, to be persuaded, to believe, to obey, the last 

of which is its meaning here. avp vfiXr fipofiai. This verb with 

avv signifies, a latere sequi, to accompany ; without avv, usually, a ter- 
gosequit to follow, Cf Mt. § 403. a. vofiCC^M ya(j x. r. X, As Clear- 
chus was an exile from his country, he would naturally become 
stronly attached to those who followed his fortunes. The sentiment 
IS analogous to the beautiful and highly wrought passage in Hom. II. 
6: 429-30, where Andromache, after alluding to the death of her 
father and seven brothers by the hand of Achilles, and to the grici 
consequent thereon, which finally brought her mother to the grave 

^ExtoQ, dta^ at' fioC iaat narriQ ^^ noxvut fv^ijQ 
'Hii xaafy¥t{tfiq av id ftoi ^mXtgoq rraQuxoftti^. 

Chap, m.] NOTES. 209 

" Yet wMe my Hector still survives, I see 

My father, mother, brethren, all in thee." 

« av ilvat rifiioq = oxi rCfiioq dv sYrjV, The infinitive that receives 

•ts potential signification from av (Cf. Vig. p. 181. VI ; Mt § 598. 1), ana 
is used here in the present, because the idea of continuance or frequent 
repetition is contained in it. w(pgXriaai and dy^aa&at, in the following 
members, are in the aorist, because no reference is had to the perpe- 
tuity of the action. Cf Mt } 501. ; Butt § 137. 5. dv ixavoq 

tlvat — dv oxpsXfjaai. It is not uncommon to find dv joined to the prin- 
cipal verb of the proposition, and also to the part or infin. Cf Mt. 

§ 600. *Slq ifiov ovv iovtoq. The part, with <aq is here put for ot» 

with the finite verb in dependence upon tfiv y^^M^ ?/«t«. In such a 
case, the Latins employ the accus. with the infin. Cf Mt § 569. 5. 
The phrase may be rendered, he assured then that 1 shall go, etc. 

oTirij properly a dat of the obs. pron. onoq. Written fully o/ri;, 

it agrees with oSw understood. Cf Yig. p. 153. I ; S. § 123. See 
oTtji dv o Xoyoq, waTtiQ nvtvfia, (pf^rj, xavrji irdov. Plat, de Rep. II. 

7. ot dXXoi = ol rwv aXXtuv, or as Zeun. interprets, ol rwv dXXtuP 

aTQarTjyiHv axQariwiat,, ov <paCri, Cf. N. } 1. — 7toQtvga&-ai. Cf. 

ovx l'(paaav TtoQivsaO-ai, IV. 5. § 15, where Stephen thinks it should be 
TtoQtvafa&at,, Poppo gives the verb in both these places the force of 
the future. But Krug. more correctly says : "Nequis Ttogttvtad'ai 
conjiciat : est hie aoristus prcesentis. Oratione directa dicere Uceret 

ov Ttogtvofiai,.^^ inriviaav^ 1 aor. 3. plur. of inalviia —— nagd Sh 

SivCoVf sc. otTifXO-ovtfq. . 

8. rovToiq dno{mvy being perplexed by these things, Cf ol Si xal 
fataaav aTtoQovvTfq tw Ttgdyfiart, I. 5. } 14. Cyrus might well be dis- 
tressed at the present aspect of his afiairs, finding himself about to be 
deserted by those upon whom he placed his chief dependence. It 
will soon be seen with what tact Clearchus extricated himself and his 

Persian cliief from their sad predicament 6 ^, i. e. Clearchus. 

wq naraatriaofifViav xovxoiv elq to dfov, inasmuch as these things 

vxmld be happily adjusted, would have a favorable issue, nataaxfiao' 
fifVMv = xa-caata&Tjaofifvwv. Cf Butt § 113. 5; Mt § 494. II ; S. 
§ 207. N. 6. tiq to S^ov, favorably, opportunely, tiq with its case is 

often used adverbially. f((ra7t^ju7ifa&ott .... avrov. The object 

of this device was to prevent the soldiers from having any suspicion 
of collusion between Cyrus and Clearchus. oi x ftprj. Cf N. § 1. 

9. rovq TtQoqtXO-orraq avxw, i. e. the soldiers, who had left Xcnias 

and Pasion. rewr dXXm' in the next clause limits xov §ovX6f*9tow. 

, "AvS^tq axiiaxionai. This speech of Clearchus is a fine specimen 
of what the Greeks called Xoyovq iaxv^ottta/ifvovq, and which Ctuinci. 
(Inst. Orat IX. 2: 25> describes. Similar to this was tlie si^€.<l^<s^ 


■^■"i»^r7"^^ — ■•""■■^■■•-^»^»^~^«-r-^"^^"r^F'"-^^i^"^^n-"Tr»*^^IB 

210 NOT£S. [Boos I 

Agamemnon, Horn. II. II. 110-40. ra fikv dr/ Kvqov^ the affairs of 

Cyrus, ovTw? Ifx^h ^^^ ^^ same^ i. e. have the same relation. Foi 

the construction oi' ^x^i^v with an adverb, cf. N. I. 1. § 5. owti — 

It*, no lofiiger, ydfj introduces this clause, as illustrative of the pre- 
ceding sentiment. imC y<. An eUipsis is often imphed by y^ 

Sirice (whatever else we may do) at least we do not follow him, 

10. "Oti' (livto^ adixtla&-ai vofiC^si v(p ^fioiv olSa, notwithstanding 
(L e. although there is an apparent equality in the relations between 
Cyrus and ourselves) / know thai he thinks he has been ill-treated by 

vs, iXd-dv, Buttmann (Irreg. Gr. Verbs, p. 107) remarks, that " the 

forms of ikO-flv have a decided preference for the meaning come, so 
that ^XO-ev for instance very seldom occurs in the sense of going, 
going away, and those of dfii are as seldom found in the sense ol 

come. But ^(JxeaO-ai partakes almost equally of both meanings." 

TO fihv fuyiarov = o fif'yiarov iari, lit tJiat which is greatest = princi- 
pally, in thejirst place. This phrase is in apposition with the propo- 
sition with which it is connected. Cf Mt. § 432. 5. Cf also II. 5 
§ 7 ; V. 6. § 29. on avvotSa Ifiavxw navta Ixpivafiivoq ainor, be- 
cause I am conscious of having deceived him in all respects. For the 
construction of ndvta, cf. S. § 167. iifjsvafitvoq (mid. in sense) is con- 
structed in the nominative with avfoida ^/tai/roJ, because its subject iff 
contained in that of the verb. It might also have been put in the dative 
with the reflexive pron. Cf Butt § 144. N. 2 ; Mt § 548. 2 ; S. 

§ 222. N. 1. dUtiv—^v = di'xT/v Tovtoiv a (Cf S. § 151. R. 1). In 

this equivalent rovtojv depends upon dCxriv, as we say the punishment 
of a crime as well as for a crime. So Matth. (§ 342) remarks that 
" the gen. is sometimes put with substantives absolutely, when otlier- 
wise 7ie()£ with the gen. is used." « (by attraction Sv) is governed by 
ffdtxfja&ai, which in the act voice has two accusatives. Cf Mt 
§§ 415. /9. 424. 1 ; Butt. § 134. 6. 

11. ovv is here illative, i. e. it introduces a conclusion drawn from 

premises. xad-Mm; to be slothfvl: lit. to lie down to sleep. 

^Ifi^v avtoir, ourselves, Cf S. §§66: 182. ix toX'Tfuv, in conse- 

quence of these things, avrov = iii ahtov toi» tonov, here, in 

this place, Cf Bos. El. p. 134. Schsef rejects this eUipsis and makea 

ainov gen. of avto. axfTztfov fiot Soxti ilvat, it seems to mf 

thai we must look about, i. e. consider, axtnxfov dvtu = Bil ax^Trrt- 

aO-ai. Cf Butt {134. 10; S. §§ 132. 2: 162. N. 1. ottw?, in 

what way, quo modo. It is well remarked by Tittmann, that o^w? sug 
gests to the mind the mamier in which any thing is done, while fwi 
designates the end or cause of an action. Cf Bib. Repos. Vol. V. p. 

84. fitvovfisv. The subjunctive or fut indicative follows ovrwe 

mrJjen it refers to fut time. In the pres., 1 aor. pass., and 2 aor.. i: 

ts * 


Chap. IU.] NOTE& 211 

takes the subjunctive ; but instead of the 1 aor. act. and mid., it com- 
monly takes the fut indie. Cf. Butt. § 139. 4 ; Mt § 519. 7. 

«It« ^(J//, and if now. ^^// is here used in reference to tlie immediate 
fat. and qualifies anUvai, which has a future signification. Cf 

Butt § 108. 5 5 S. § 209. N. 3. See above on /levotffiep. idiwroVf 

a private, sc. soldier. A word pp. used of a private citizen in con- 
tradistinction to one in public life. It sometimes designates one who 

is unlettered, ignorant, hence the Eng. idiot, ocpeloq, a defective 

noun used only in the nom. sing. 

12. *0 <)> dvTjo = oi/To? dh 6 at'ryo, i. e. Cyrus. noXXov fi^v a^toq 

•pD.oq, a very valuable friend : lit a friend worth much. Words requir- 
ing a definition of value are put in the genitive, and in such cases afto? 
signifies equal to, as a^^0(; rifnd- fotv, equal to the demi-gods. Cf Mt. 
§ 363. 5 ; Rost § 108. 4. b. "En S>, moreover. In is here a par- 
ticle of accession. iTtiordftfO-a gives intensity to the preceding 

verb. So in common parlance, we see and know = we have certain 

knowledge. ^oxovfAsv. Such was the moderation and urbanity of 

the Greeks, tliat they often spoke in a doubtful way of what was real 

and certain. Cf. Butt § 1. N. 1. nooQw — avrov xa&rjaO-ai, to 

be encamped far from him. nq = fxaaroq. Cf S. § 148. N. 1. 

13. Ex S> tnvtov, after him. oi ^ihv — ol d>, some — others* 

Of. Butt. § 126. 2 ; S. § 142. h. rov aurofidrov = a^Zo rov aino- 

^drov. Cf N. on I. 2. § 17. See also Mt § 574. iyxiUvaxot. 

Weisk. interprets : clam, compositi et instructi, comparing ol /liv ai- 
rol xaO^ ^avtovq, ol 6^ Tthlatoi v7to Kv()ov iyxf'Xtvaroi, Cyr. V. 5. 
§ 39. He compares also iyxdtvfiv xatq xvaC, to incite the dogs, which,, 
if done in other than a low voice, and as it were secretly (quasi clam)^ 
would alarm the game pursued. " Vereor," says Schneider, " ne 
niniis subtilitcr hsec disputentur." Hutch., Sturz, Born., and Pop., 
rightly translate \i,ju3sus, being directed, which of course in the pres- 
ent instance would be privately done. ^ dnoQCay the diffiadty. 

Til. a priv. and noQoq, way. Hence dnoQf'ai, to be without a way, i. e. 
without resource ; and dnooCa, the staie of one who knows not what 

to (i(f. 

14. d^ dijy but then. nQoqnotovfifvoq an(v6tiv, pretending to be 

in haMe. 7T{)oqnoiovfitvoq .... 'EXldda is a parenthetic clause. 

iyaO-at, depends upon nm {dUv). The speech is ironical. d fiij /9oi>- 

XfTai for fl lit] ^nxO.oiTo. The Greeks could any where introduce the pres. 
when the real time was obvious from the context, even when citing 
another person's thoughts in sermone obliqno. Butt. § 137. N. 7 ; 
Mt v> 520. 5. The indie, with tl is used in the condition of a proposi- 
lioii, when its relation to the consequence is such, that if the act'oi* 
•xprossed by the one should take place, that of the olVvwwav:^'^^i\»K!i. Cft 

213 NOTES. [Book 1 

Mt § 507. 4. b. — fi ^ ayo{^a .... 0r^aT«v/i*aT*. A clause thrown 
in by the historian, to show how ironical was the advice, to procure 
food from a market in the very heart of a large army, which they 

were about to desert. avay^ivaX^'taO-ai^ to pack up the baggage. 

— — ikO-ovraq, Krug. would supply rivaq. rjyffiova ahnv Kvoof 

oariq Sia q>iXla<: rrjq /o>oa? aTzd^fi, to ask of Cyrus a guide to con- 
duct (them) as through a friendly country^ or more fully, to conduct 
(them) through the country^ as through a friendly one. Sturz and 

Poppo translate fiyf/nova, dux vice ; Born., diuv itineris, Kvqov. The 

proper name is often repeated by the Greeks, where a pron. might hav 

been employed. oorrt? = tia, in order that. Cf S. J 154. 

dndiBt. The future is used for the subjunctive aorist, when it expresses 
continuance of action, or something that will happen at an indefinite 

fut time. See. Mt. § 519. 7. rriv raxCarfjv = rdxiara^ celerrime. 

Cf. Butt § 115. 4; Mt 5282. 2. TtgoxaraXtjipofiivovq. The part. 

fut is employed to express the purpose of the preceding verb. The 
art is sometimes omitted when the part, signifies any persons what- 
ever of a number. Cf Mt 5 271. Obs. The axga, heights, here re- 
ferred to, are those over which the army passed into Cihcia. 

f&(ia(o(ji — xaraXa^ovrfq, take them before us. tpO-dvo} is constructed 
with participles in the same manner as rvyxdvm, Xav&dvo), etc. See 
N. on I. 1. § 2. Here ottw? takes the I aor. subj. instead of the fut 
indie, as in § 11, regard seeming to be had "to the transient nature of 

the action. Cf. Mt. § 519. 7 (end). wv .. , . dvTjQTtaxoxfq, The 

construction is here changed into the orat. recta, as if the person him- 
self spoke. This is frequently done by Greek writers. Cf. Mt 529. 
5. . ^/o/ifv dpTjQTiaxorfq = dvtjQndxafitVf only more emphatic. Cf. 

Butt. § 150. p. 442 ; Rost } 1 16. 13 ; S. § 222. N. 2. roaovrov, 

this only, as we say, he said this and no more, too vro? is a strength- 
eAed form ofroaoq. Cf S. § 73. 1. 

15. 'Jlq fiiv argatrjyi^aovta ifih ravrriv tijv arfjarrjytav depends 
Upon Xgytrw, by a construction similar to wq ifiov iovrot: — yvdfiriv ?/*- 
T«, § 6. Render, let no one of you propose me as general in this ex- 
pedition. For the construction of atQatriytav argarriyfTp, cf. Butt* 
§ 131. 3 ; S. § 164. Krtig. well remarks, that the difficulties and 
dangers of the return could not seem small, when such a brave and 
skilful man (Cf II. 2. §5; 6. § 1-16) refused to hold the office of 

leader. wq Si tw dvdgl or dv tXtja^-g nttaofiai, (but be assured) 

that I will obey the man whom you shall have chosen. In this sudden 
change of structure, it is evident that fxaaroq Xtytrw, instead of firi- 
^Iq Xey/rw, is to be supplied. Krug. takes Xiyixm m the sense of 

«o/*t5*T«. — -dv fX7j(j&e = a fut preterite. Cf Butt§ 139. 12. xa) 

dgj^sa&ah to obey also : lit. to be gcwerued. xa/ has here a superad 

Chap III.] NOTES. 813 

ditory use, as though the words, ov fi6vo% oigx^*'^ aXXa^ had preceded. 
Notwithstanding this assertion, Clearchus was not fond of obeying 
others, or being directed in any afiair. Had he obeyed the Ephon 
(II. 6. § 3), he would not have been an exile from his country. Had 
he listened to the suggestion of Cyrus (I. 8. § 13), the result of the 
battle at Cunaxa would have been far different Xenophon also re- 
marks (II. 6. § 15), that it was said he was unwilling to be ruled by 
otiiers. A reason for this may have heen his consciousness of supe- 
rior military talents, which was tacitly acknowledged by the other 
commanders. Cf II. 2. § 5. 

16. Mfra rovTovy after him, Halbk. suspects, but without suf- 
ficient reason, that this speaker was Xenophon himself. ivfi&^iav^ 

foolishness. This individual commences by gravely refuting the 
mock speech of the one who had just spoken, all which is done in order 

to deceive the soldiers. taantq TrdXiv rov aroXov Kvqov fiij noiov/i^. 

vov. A somewhat difficult passage, and one which has received va- 
rious translations. Zeun. and Schneid. interpret: quasi Cyrus post- 
hoc non esset ea^editionem navalem suscepturus. Weisk : quasi Cy- 
rus non retro ita per mare faclurus esset. But with both these inter- 
pretations, as Popp. justly observes, the article conflicts. Born, pre- 
fers : quasi retro (i. e. posthac) non navigaiurus esset, Krug. rejects 
[iri and interprets : quasi Cyrus rediturus esset. Of these interpreta- 
tions Bornemann's is the best, for the speaker bases his remark on the 
assumption, that Cyrus was marching against the Pisidians, and upon 
their subjugation would returK back to his satrapy. Ttoiovfi^vov has 

in this place the force of the future. airdv \ere takes naga rov- 

rov instead of the accus. of the person. w Xvfiaiv6fie&a t^* 

Ttgd^iv, whose enterprise we are ruining (by deserting him). For 

the change of construction into the oi^ai, recta^ cf N. on § 14. S 

dv KvQoq Sido) stands for of dv KvQoq dtdw, the relative being attracted 

by its antecedent rjyffiovi xt xojlvtt. xal rd axga tifiiv xtXevnv JCv- 

gov TtQoxaraXafjipdviiv, Poppo with several other critics renders this : 
quid obstat quinjuga quoque Cyrum nobis (i. e. in nostrum commodum) 
prcBOccuparejubeamus ; i. e. if the relations are so amicable between 
us and Cyrus, that we could obtain from him a faithful guide, what 
hinders our requesting him to send a detachment of soldiers to secure 
for us the Pylae Cilici8& 1 Thus construed there is a vein of irony in 
the sentence. Krug. interprets : quid impedit quo minus Cyrus nobia 
(i. e. detrimento) anteoccupari jubeat, 

17. 'Eyoi yoQ, The thought contained in i7t$Siixiniq ii\v ttir ttff 

&ttav X, T. A., is here resumed and illustrated. ^voCfiv, /should 

be slow, i. e. reluctant. When this verb contains the idea of fear it la 
"ollowed by fifi with the opt or subj. The generfd tvsift \%^^is»X.^^5ss^ 

214 NOTEa [Book 1 

opt follows the prcBt. and the eubj. the pres., but the reverse ofleo 
takes place, since the object of fear is mostly corsidered as future. 
See Mt § 520. 8 ; Butt. § 148. 4. Some grammarians supply (pn^ov- 
fitroq upon which ^(jj is in dependence, but which is omitted because 

the idea of fear is already expressed in oxvoCrjr. Cf. Rost p. 389. 

avToiq rai(; tfjirjoeai,. " When a word, which expresses accompani- 
ment has aiJTo? with it, both are put in the dat. without flrwv." Mt 
§ 405. Obs. 3. - — oO^fv ovx <>''>'' « ^nrai i^fX&fXv, whence it would be 
impossible to extricate ourselves. The full construction Is to rjftdqi^f).- 
&nv ovx o'o»' r? Vatai, 17/ui'. Mt (5 479. Obs. 2. a.) makes oloq 
eifit^ or oloq T flfU = TotovToq tlfti^mart^ lam of such a hind, as, 
which may signify : (1) Tamable, (2) I am wont. (3) I am ready, 
wHUng. oloq Tf when spoken of persons signifies, able; of things, 

possible. Cf. Butt. § 435 ; S. § 219. N. 2. oO-ev^ i. e. ixelijf oO^tv, 

laO-flf avtovy unknown to him. For the construction of XaO-fl^ 

with otTrdO-oivy see N. on I. 1. § 9. Notice that the aor. part, is here 
employed with an aor. verb. Cf Butt § 144. N. 8. ^ 

18. I'yoiyf, I i.7ideed. ye is appended for the sake of emphasis. 

Cf Butt §§ 72. N. 4; 149. p". 431. ravta fi>p (pXvao(aq. For the 

sake of emphasis the demon, pron., which is here the subject, is put 
in the neut. while the subst. in the predicate is fern. Cf Mt § 440. 7. , 

xC = fh rf. Cf Butt § 131. 7 ; Mt 5409. 6. ■ otumo ttog- 

a&fv ^XQV'^f> ToT? ^fvoiq,fo that inwhichhe formerly employed foreign 
troops. oiuTTfo by attraction and omission of its antecedent (S. § 151. 
R. 1). = ixffvf} n?av7rfQ, In this equivalent, ixtCvfj follows naQaTiXti* 
a(a (S. § 195. 1), and oTavrcfo is . constructed with ^;^o^to (S. § 167). 
Reference is here had to the 300 Greeks, who under Xenias accom- 
panied Cyrus to the capital, where his father lay sick. Cf I. 1. §2. 

xaxCnvq = less brave and faithful. roi/ro;, i. e. Cyrus. 

19. rtjq Ttnoa^fv^ sc. 7rQd^fo)q, a^iotn; Supply ^ox*I tioi, from 

{ 18. ij 7Z(f(rarra, either hamng persuaded^ viz. by holding out 

greater pecuniary inducements. nqoq qnUav = (pihxwq. So 

Brod., Zeun., Weisk., and Kriig. Cf Mt. § 591. ?. where examples 
are furnished of TtQoq with the accus. taken in an adverbial sense. 
Schneid., Hutch., Born., Popp., interpret: in terrampacatam, on the 

ground that the idea of (pdixaiq is contained in nfia&tvra, at 

after fitoutvoi is to be taken with ^Tzoffif O-a. The transposition ol 
this particle is quite frequent, and its position depends mostly udoxi 

euphony". CiT Butt § 139. N. 4. nQo&vfioi,^ zealous^ ready to do 

him any service. n^oq rafra, in resped to those thinsrs, viz. the 

mibjects of inquiry. 

20, oS ffgtaxmv Kvqov ra So^arra, who pui to Cyras the questions 
teMa^ had bMn resolvtd mi, -^.^PQoxojiav^ Ahrocomas^ n Penrai; 

Chap. IV.] NOTES. 216 

satrap, who commanded one of the divisions of ike umg^s forces, but 
did not participate in the battle at Cunaxa having arr/ved too late. 

Of. I. 7. § 12. ix^a'"*' oivS()a^ i, e. an enemy, dvi^t) joined with a 

subst or adj. forms a periphrasis for a subst. Of. 1. 8. § 1 ; Mt. § 430. 6. 

axovoi — etvai. Verbs of hearing and iearmng take the participle, 

when a fact is adduced, which is heard v/idi one's own ears ; the infini- 
tive, whien the information of the fact 1l received from others. Cf ML 
§ 549. 6. Obs. 2 ; Rost § 129. 4. c. tw Ev<pQdxri norafm. This cele- 
brated river rises in the mountains oi' Armenia, and flowing southward- 
ly, somewhat in the form of a crsocent, through Syria and Mesopota- 

mi'ti, empties itself into the Per/idii gialf. StaSata arcc&f^ovq. Cyrja 

seems purposely to have faller. ';..hort of the real distance, as we find th it 
they marched nineteen stations before they reached the river at Thajv 

sacus. TTji' dCxrjv — irttO'firaij to inflict puniblwntnt, 

21. TtQoqaiTovai' dh fuaO-bv^ asking an increase of pay. Krtig 
makes it = n^o(i xoinw ov qSij fipfoov dXXov fiia&ov alxoiaiv, — o5=- 
Tovtov ov (S. § 151. R. 1), of which equivalent, toi'tou follows fjfiMio*- 
implying comparison (S. § 186. 2), and Zv (i. e. oi') referring to /u*- 
(f&av is governed by ^(pei^K,i' = ^Xdfipavo>. Bloom, on Tlmcyd. III. 17* 
§ 3, says that the mid. fcrm of q/f\)w in diis sense is far more usual. 

xov fifivoq, each mmtlh^ a gen. of time. Cf Butt § 132. 4. 6. 

^v ye Tw (jpaffow, at least operUy, Although strong suspicions were 
still entertained respecting the ital object of tlie expedition, yet no 
open avowal of it was made eituor by Cyrus or those in his confidence. 


1. Tov I'w^of Ttorafiov, The river Saras rises in Cappadocia, and 
tlowin^ through Cilicia falls into the Cilician sea. The Pyramug 
(rov Tlvnaf >i') is a larger and longer stream, nearly parallel with the 

Sams an(i Rowing intx) the Sinus Issicus. '/crorov?. Issus lay on 

die N. E. P-de of tlie head of the Sinus Issicus. Steph. says that it 
was culled Nicopolis, city of victory^ on account of the great battle 
^'iu«j:ht tbore between Alexander and Darius. 

2. /x flgloTtovvinaov vfieq, viz. those sent by the Lacedemonians lo the 

aidof C\ms. in airaX?, over them. 'Hytlxo. Some translate 2 

wVe (lii.r erat. But then we should expect aittuq instead of ovtSp. 
CC. Mt § 360. a. When followed by the gen. it signifies to rule, com- 
mand. Sec Mt. § 359. 3. That this is the signification of the verb 
here, i- confirmed by mrq ^T/(>a ? which follows Cf. I. 2. §21, 
/f 'Efftnnv is to be taken with rjytirn. ^Tf(io«;,=- •prov**^***^^^^ 



[Boos 1 

ndeg. Cf. N. on I. 5. § 5. Tamos was a native of Memphis. After 
tilt; death of his patron, he fled with his ships into Egypt, and was 

tliere murdered by King Psammitichus. ore. With Born., 

and Dind., 1 prefer tliis reading instead of or* the common one. 
Poppo connects avrfTtoXtfin with ^v, and makes 71(jo^ avxor refer 
to Ti:?saphernes. But xat evidently connects aitvsTrolfjufi with 
inohonxii. As Chirisophus has now joined the expedition, we will 
give a tabular list of the number of troops led by each general. 





Xi'iiius . . ..... 



Proxenus . . .... 




Sopliaenetus Stymph. 



Socrates . , .... 



Pasion ... 




Menon . . ... 








Sosiiis . ..... 



Sophaenetus Arcad. 



Chirisophus . .... 






If we read UaaCwv dq iTtxaxoalovq avSfiaq in I. 2. § 3, the sirai here 
given will harmonize with the number reviewed by Cyrus (I. 2. § 9) 

+ the force led by Chirisophus. Cf. N. I. 2. § 3. wQfiow, lay at 

anchor, naqb^ near, alongside, 

4. iTtt Ttvkaq X. T. X., to the gates of Cilicia and Syria, usually 

called Pylae Syrise. Cf. N. on I. 2w 5 22. 'H^w d* ravro. 

Weiske conjectures that riaav d* ivr av&a is the true reading, on the 
ground that nvkat is a name given to narrow straits between two 
mountains rather than to fortresses. But rfl/fj and nvlat may easily 
be used as synonymous ; and as it respects the apparently conflicting 
phrase, ra Tgl/ri tiqtfiv &dXarxav xa$-'^xovtaj why, as Krilger reigarks, 
could not fortresses have been so constructed, that they might truly 
be said fi<: &dXa/rrav xad^rixsiv ? The following figure will illustrate 
die position of this pass. 





















Chap. IV.] NOTES. 2V 

— rofi^v XamB'tv, the inner one, i. e. the Cilician gate, faw&fv "preceded 
by the art = an adj. Cf. Butt § 125. 6. We should have expected 
the article to repeated before 7r(>o t^? KiXiyJaq, as in the next clause to 

TTQo rrjq SvQCaq. Cf. Mt. § 277. a; Butt. § 125. 3. to fi4aov ti#« 

cet/wi' riaav arddiou In this clause, to /tAjov (Cf. Mt § 269 ; S. §138. 2) 
is the subject of ^aw, which takes its number from tfrddtot, the prcc 

cate-nominatave, that being nearest to the verb. See Mt § 305, 

at f I'll, narrow. This being a relative term must be determined by the 
subject to which it refers. Rennell remarks that " when Xenophon say* 
the p£iss was narrow (ot^vij), he could only mean in reference to a front 
formed for an attack ; since there was width for a foi tress, and onetooi 

large enough to contain a considerable force." riUfiaxoi. Some de* 

rive this word, which is always an epithet of TtftQij, from ijAto?, the 
9un, auid fiad'o), to go, giving it the signification, sun-reaching, sun- 
eartending = high, towering. But from the inappropriateness of this, 
as an epithet of caves and of Tartarus (Cf. Hesiod &, 483 ; Eurip. 
Hippol. 732), Buttmann (Liexil. No. 61) prefers the etymology, which 
supposes it an abridgement of tihro^aroq, according to the analogy 
o^ flhTOfifjvoq, fiXirotQyoi;, in which words lie the idea of missing or 
failing in ; so that riUpatoq, would express the facility of making a 
false step in ascendiig a precipitous height or descending a steep de- 
clivity. Passow prefers this derivation of the word, adding, however, 
another A Aft, dldofiai, thai from which the footstep slips. It appears 
then from these eminent authorities, that riU^axoq has the general 
signification, a steep accent difficult or impossible to be climbed. The 
overhanging and inaccessible cliffs here spoken of, were on the left 

hand of one going from Cilicia into Syria. 7tvXai>, gates, not for 

tresses as above in rinavSh ravra dior^f/^' 

5. eYao) ?fw TWf mO.ojv, within (i. e. between the fortresses) 
and without the fortresses (i. e. on the Syrian side). The reason i> 

given in the next clause. piaadfifvoi, tovq nohidovq^ having 

farced the enemy (from their position). naqtl'd^oitv, sc. ol onXixau 

— qjvldrroifv, sc. oi 7to)Jfuoi. ^xoiwe KvQov — ovra = tjxovai 

5t* Kvooq fiv (S. §222.2). tQtdxovra fivgiddaq atqatioq. The 

Persian kings, especially in the latter years of the empire, seldom took 
he field without having assembled a vast army. They did not reflect 
that an undisciplined army was weak in proportion to its numbers; 
or that a few thousand well disciplined and veteran troops, were far 
superior to countless myriads of raw inexperienced men. Notwith- 
stjinding the terrible lessons, which, from the time of Darius Hystas- 
pis, they had received from the Greeks, they clung to the belief that 
numbers constituted the main strength of an army, until DatiaaC^^- 
omanus vainly and for the last time assembled \mmftt»^ xoawafisa fit\s» 

fll8 NOTES. [Book I 

■objects, to be broken and trampled down by the Macedonidn phalanx 
and the Thessalian cavalry. 

6. Mvf)Cavd(}ov, MyriaTulrus, here located by Xenophon in Syrian 
but by Scylax and Strabo, in Cilicia, was a place of considerable 
trade, being originally a PhoBnecian settlement and partaking of the 

enterprise and commercial spirit of the mother country. olxdStq^ 

merchant ships. These ships differed in structure from vessels oi 
war, being oval with broad bottoms. Cf. Smith's Diet Gr. and Rom. 
Antiq. p. 877. The Schol. on Thucyd. VI. 43, thus enumerates the 
different kinds of vessels there referred to, rot^o^*? taxncn^ rgtrjgttq 
arQatKoridtq, TtevrijxoproQoi, inaywYol^ nXola^ o^xoiSfq, "Of these last 
two, the TtXoia were barges attending on the triremes, the oXxddtq i 
were vessels of burden serving as transport." Bloom. 

7. 'EvxavO-a ffittvav rifi^oaq inrd to unload, as Rennell suggests, 
the stores and provisions brought in the fleet, which, as he now was 
to leave the sea coast, could accompany Yun. no farther, ra nXilaxov 
af*a, most valimble effects. Cf N. on I. 3. § 12. — fthv rolq nUt' 
aroiq idoxovv. So Dind., Bom., Pop., and Krug., edit in place of it^V 
TO* TtXftaxoK; Mxst, the common reading. Kriiger would mentally 

supply, aXXoi <f aXXwq ido^a^ov, or* rovq arQarmraq x. t. X, The 

order is : KvQoq iXa rov KXtao/ov ^x^iv xovq arganwraq x. t. iU Ren- 
der taq aniovxaq^ with the expectation of returning, Cf. N. on I. 1. 

§ 10. xal ov TtQoq paaiXta^ sc. iovraq, dirjX&e X6yoq» a ncmor 

spread abroad. or* SKaxoi. In the orat. ohliqua, the opt. without 

av is put after ot«, w?, ort, etc., whatever may be the time designated 

by the verb. Cf Mt. § 529. 2. ol fi>v (v/opto, some earnestly 

wished, tvxofiai is never found in the Anabstsis, and rarely in the 

other writings of Xenophon, with the augment ijif. aXwao^^to. 

The fut. middle here = fut. patsive. Cf. Rost § 114. 1. N. 1 ; S. 
§207.N. 6. 

8. 'ji7ioX(Xo(n€taiv rifioiqy have deserted us. in tarda O-wfrar^ pres. 

rmperat. mid. of iTtCaraf^ai. aTZodsSgaxaair — dnoTtftptvyaaiv, An 

obvio'is distinction is here made between these words. The former 
signifies to abscond so as not to befotmd; the latter, to flee away so 

as to evade pursuit. otxovtat, are gone, otxoficu has not only 

the signification of the present, I depart, am in tJie ojct of departing:; 
but also the force of the perfect, 1 ain gone, and in this sense is the 

opposite of ijxotf, / am come. /«a rovq &tovq. When fid stands 

alone it serves as a negative. Cf Butt p. 430 ; S. §171. N. 1. 

MSw, The more usual form is Siw^ofiai. Cf Butt. § 113. 4. tt^ 

-^xai avrovq. When r(q standi for a whole class rather than for an ind»- 

ridual, it ib referred to by a plur. pron. Cf Mt § 434, 2. b. Untt^ 

The common reading, ^ovxwf olv \sTe;Vam<&^\s^'^'Q&fi.Vv,^and Weiak. ; bm 

Cbaf. IV.] notes. 219 

Matthioe (§ 599. e) has clearly shown that ay carnot be joiijed with 
an imperative. It is rejected by Steph., Pors., Schneid., Dind., Bom. 

Pop., and Krlig. ntgl rifiaq, towards us, Cf. I. 6. § 8 ; III. 2, 

§ 20. Kahot yi — aU*, although — yet, TQaXXtai, Tralles wai» 

an opulent city of Lydia not far from Magnesia. axtQtiaovrat = 

'artgrjO^aovrat. Cf Butt jll3. 5; Mt. §496.8; S. §207. N. 6 
— rtjq .... agtrilq. Cyrus seems to have reposed considerable ccn- 
fidence in these g-enerals,' especially in Xenias. See I. 1. § 2 ; 2. § 1 

9. tX Tt?, lit if any one = whoever^ all who. Render iX xiq xaij 

even those who, a^trV? humanitalem, clementiam, Ttgo&v/jotf 

gov, with greater alacrity, XciAof . Hutch, says the name ol 

this river cannot elsewhere be found. &iovq ivofii^ov, Derceto 

the mother of Semiramis the celebrated queen of Assyria, having 
thrown herself inio the sea, became partially transformed into a fish 
Afterward the Syrians paying her divine honors, abstained from 
eating fish, regarding Ihem as sacred. Semiramis after her 
death, was said to be changed into a dove, and hence the wor- 
ship of that bird among the Syrians and Assyrians, ivofu^ov = po- 

ftd^ovai, Ilagvadridoq ^oray, belonged to Parysatis. elq t^tavijP} 

The Persian kings assigned to the cities and villages of the empire, 
the duty of supplying their queens and other favorites with articles of 
luxury. Com. Nep. says, that Artaxerxes gave a domicile to Themis- 
tocles at Magnesia, which city was to supply him with bread ; Lamp- 
sacus, with wine ; and Myus, with viands. In the present instance, 
these villages were to keep the queen-dowager in girdles. The 
amount of this tax would of course depend upon her caprice and pn^d 

10. JagdSaxoqj " fluvius aUis scriptoribus ignotus." Hutch. 

Poppo makes a()^af to? ^^ ngxovxoq, " qui ad Cyri adventum usque 
fytsjefectus fueraiP Krug. This satrap must not be confoimded 
with the Belesis, who conspired wiih Arbaces against Sardanapalus, 

and was afterwards governor of Babylon. Cf VII. 8. § 25. w^a», 

sc. ?Tov?, seasmis (of the year). Kvgoq — iityoipt. It is an old 

maxim : Q^i facit per alium^ facitper se» awrof, i. e. the park. 

11. inl rhv Evq>gdrfjp Ttotafiov. Cyrus struck the river at Thap- 
sacus, a famous ford, crossed by Darius after his defeat at Issue, and 
three years after by Alexander previous to the battle of Arbela. Ip 
his march to this place he passed through ihe northern borders of 
Syria Proper, having the mountains, which lie along the eastern shore 

of the Mediterranean, upon his right. 'Evtav&a f/iHPav fi(iigaq 

nivri. His detention here was owing probably to the unwillingnesf 

of the army to march against the king. ^ hXo^,^ th^ ea?ped\HoiK 

" expeditio bellica.^ Born. 


220 NOTES, [Book L 

12. ixaXt'Tratvov toT? (TTQaTrjydlq, were enraged at th( gemraltf. 
Well tliey might be indignant, having been inveigled a.vay so ftur 
from home, and kept in ignorance of the real nature of tlie expedition, 

until it was too late to abandon it avtovq — xfjvTtrdv = on avtoi 

JfxQVTiTov, See Mt § 499. ovx ^<poKjav Uvai. Cf. N. on I. 3. } 1. — 

iap firi, unless. Cf S. J 224. 3. — - nq i. e. Cyrus. Without a subst 
tiq signifies, some one, a certain one, S. § 148. 2. — — /^^^cerot. 
KrOger says, ^' hie non de stipendiis, sed de donis sermo est." Bo. 

Sturz rightly interprets, ^^iperidia, tcag^eff. Hantg xcu, sc. doO-ijvcu. 

the same as (was given). — xdt ravra, and that too, Cf Passow, No. 
12 ; Mt. § 470. 6 ; Butt. § 150. p. 436, The peaceful character of 
the former avdfiaaiq of Cyrus to Babylon, contrasted with the toilsome 
and perilous expedition in which he was now engaged, is used by 
the soldiers as an additional reason, why they should receive as high 

wages as those, who went up with Xenias (I. 1. § 2). iovxmv, sc 

%vriivf See N. on nqblovtiavj I. 2. } 17. 

13. fivdq. The mina was a name given not to a coin but to a sum 
•_= 100 drachma. The old Attic ^{ta/firi = 17 cents 5-93 mills ; the later 
di^axiiri = 16 cents, 5-22 mills. A mina or 100 of the former = <^\1, 
59; of the latter. $16.52. Husscy {AndeM Weights &c. pp. 47, 48) 

makes the drachma = 9.72 pence, or, about 18 cents 0-55 mills. 

iititv rixotai,, Cf. N. on av fXtjaO-f, I. 3. § 15. f^^XQ^^ oli* xarot- 

arriar} x. t. X, It seems by this, that the pay of mercenaries ceased 
in whole or part, when the enterprise for which they were employed 

was achieved. to — noVv, the greater part. Cf. Mt. § 266. 

Toii'ED.rivixov = r(av*EXXf[vo}i', Cf Mt. § 445. d. Mtvoty dK A 

glimpse is here given of the character of Menon, who, from the ac- 
codnt given ©f him (11. 6. §§ 21-9), seems to have been a com- 
pound of every thing base and wicked. x^9h raiy ocAAwr, apari 

from the others, i. e. from the divisions led by the other generals. 

14. "uivdijfq, men, soldiers, here a term of honor. jrXiOP nooti- 

fii^(j(a&-s ( = 7tQorifiTi&ij(jia9^f), you will be far tnore honored, Tht 
composite tiqo is here redundant, the comparison being expressed by 
nXfop. " Many grammatical pleonasms," says Matth. (§ 636. Obs.) 
'* are not so in a rhetorical view, as they serve to^ive distinctness or 

force to the expres^on." TC ovv xtXsitw notfjaou ; A rhetorical 

question, serving to call attention to what the speaker was about to 

■ay. vftaq xQV^^h ^^^ V^^ ought, /^^^a* has here a personal 

construction. Cf. Butt § 129. 10. Kvyaty i. e. to the proposals ol 


15. yoLQ serves to introduce the reason why Menon's troops slioulo 
first cross the Euphrates. \ffri(piaofrr(u is derived from yfijftK: ^ 

sjnall stone or j^e&ble, (Lat colculus^^xiA^d in reckoning on an abacus 

Chap. IV.J NOTES. 221 

whence t^i79>/^6), / calculate ; and also in voting, whence '•^i/^^o^om» 
/ vote, I resolve. It is here used metaphorically, as the method of 
voting in the army was doubtless by a show of hands (/? t(>oTov/a). 
Cf. Man. Clas. Lit. p. 510 ; Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 

805. ;if a«t>' fl^oftai Kv^oq xal anoSiaafi, Cyrus wUl be grateful (to 

you) ana repay (the favor). Cf. Vig. p. 56. iXoofiai, fut. mid. of 
#Mw, used chiefly by the Attics instead of ddtiaou See Butt Irreg. 

Verbs p. 78 ; Mt. § 231. inlaict^ai <f (X tk xai aXXoq, and he 

knows (hy-N to do ♦his, i. e. requite a favor) if any other one (does). 
a7ro^'T}(p(a(artK\ , decide not (to follow Cyrus), ano in composi- 
tion has sometimes a privative force. Cf. Vig. p. 222. XVII. — 
oTtifitv fiiv anavrtq dq 'covfinahv (i. e. to tfJinaUv), we shall all (both 
Greeks and Barbarians) return. The verb is changed to the 
1 pers. because with aTtavnq it is used in its most extensive sense. 

For its 1 It signif., cf. S. ^ 209. N. 3. ilq ^Qov^i^a xal dq loxayCou;, 

for comrnanders of citadels and companies. aXlov ovrtvoq 

= oUlo ovTivoq (S. § 151. 2). oUXo (i. e. alXov) is constructed with 
ttv^tad-s KvQov. according to the formula,rv/yai'«*i' rCnvoqQAt § 328. 5, 
Obs). Sturz finds no attraction in aXXov, but constructs it with Kv- 
gov, as forming a double gen. after rev^ta&s. So CarmichaeL Gr. 
Verbs, p. 289. 

16. ^a&fto diapfprjxoraq = ^ad-tro ot* Qxelvoi) difpf^xeaav, or 

jjaO-fto on (h.flrot) Siafiffirixorfq fhr. FloTtv, GllCS, SOn^Ckf Tamos 

tho admiral of Cyrus. ffdrj, now. The implication is that this award 

jf praise would be followed by a more substantial expression of his 

gr; titude. oTtwqf in order that, onwq has here the telic (rtXtxmq) 

sense, i. e» it marks the end or purpose of an action. When it marks 
the result or upshot of an action, it is said to be used in an ecbatic 

(ixparixMq) sense, and is translated so that. iTtaiv/atti. Another 

example of the fut act is found V. 5. § 8, although the fut mid. with 
an active signif. is the more usual form. Cf Butt } 113. N. 7; S. 
§ 207. N. 5. fjTjxf'ri fit Kvqop ro^/tfTf, think me no longer Cyrus, 

=-»think m) nature wholly changed from what it now is. 

17. f i»/oi'To avTov txTvxtjcfciiy wished him success (in his enterprise). 
Siffiairty he (i. e. Cyrus) began to cross over. aytor^gm. 

Some adverbs derived from obsolete adjectives end in at instead of 
wc, and in the same manner (i. e. in to) form their degrees of compar- 
ison. Cf Butt § 115. 6 ; Thiersch § 71. 

18. Sta3aThq, fordahle. Verbals in toq have often the idea of ca- 
pabihtj' o possibility, like the Eng. He, ble. Cf. Butt. §§ 102. N. 2 

134. 8. TTitfj (i. e. noQfvo^f'toiq ntXf^, to those going on foot, is a 

dat. of wanner opposed to nXoloiq. Butt (§ 115. 4) Kv^ka^Tt^tJr^^ufivwS^^ 
Wqj dfjft ^sCq^ etc, supply the jAiace of adverbt CV. "NlX. \ ^SJSi. ^. 


t22 NOTES. [Book 1. 

■ ■ tt fnij tort, iJixept then. — dXAa = aXXa fiorov, — • &tiw 
tha^f divino consUio factum, Sturz. It is said that a bridge wai 
afterwards thrown across the river at this place, upon which the 

armies of Darius and Alexander crossed over. vTzoxotfjijaaij to syb* 

mit : Ut. to give place. wg pacftXtmovrif as to its future king, 

19. T^? SvoCaq, i. e. Mesopotamia, the genered name Syria being 
given by the Greeks not only to Syria Proper, but £dso to Mes- 
opotamia, (ftf'aoqy Ttorafioq,) lying between the Tigris and Euphra* 
tes. Xenophon (I. 5. §1) calls the southern part of Mesopota- 
mia, Arabia. The Hebrew name for Mesopotamia was D'^'niiJ D^x, 
Syria of the two rivers, or Aramea^ Cf. Gen. 24 : 10. Syria 
Proper, or Western Syria, was called dik. Cf. Judg. 3 : 10; 

IK. 10 : 29. Toi* *uiijdifjv. This river is now called Eliab- 

our from its former name Chaboras. Xenophon has given the 
name Araxes to this stream, and Phasis to the Araxes or Arras of 

Armenia. Cf. IV. 6. § 4 ; Rennell, p. 205. fifaral atxov. For the 

construction, cf. S. { 181. 1 — intai^tfaavto, and furnished them- 
Belves with provisions* 


1, ^Aqaptctq. Cf. N. on I. 4. § 19. araO-fiovq igrifiovq. The 

southern part of Mesopotamia was dry and sterile, it will be seen 
that C3rrus made longer marches through this desert region, than 
where the country was fertile and populous, the reason for which \a 

given, I. 5. §§ 7, 9. anavt (Jkfia and yrd?,) qualifies oficekov, 

mpivB'lov Si TiXfJQiq, full of wormwood, i. e. the surface of the earth 
w&s covered with this plant. So avtig nXrigriq X^Ttgaq, a Tuan fuU of 
(i. e. fully covered with) leprosy. Luke 5 : 12. 

2. QriQla di navzoia, sc. ivtlv. oi'o* ayq^oi^ wild asses. For a 

graphic description of this animal, cf. Job 39 : 5-9. See also Gen. 
16 : 12, where as illustrative of the lawless wandering habits of 
Ishmael and his descend^ts, it is said that he shall be ta'iK K'nB, lit. a 
wild ass of a man. k^b. wild ass. is derived from fc<lB, to run swift- 
ly, axgovB-oX al fitydXat.^ ostriches. axgovO-ol alone usually signi- 
fies sparrows. mxCdtq, bustards. BufFon says, that the name is 

derived from the long feathers near the ears. SoQxaStq, gaz^es^ 

or roe deer, remarkable for the beauty of their eyes and sharpness oi 

sight. iTtfC Tt? ditaxot. when any one pursued (them) = as often 

as tliey were pursued. The opt. is used with ind when the discourse 

18 concerning e past actioik often repeated. Cf. Mt § 521 ; Butt 
( 139. K 3. TtqodQ^iiwnifi^ hooiug ouU^n^fpeAVjiSafcYt ^puBueni). • 

Chap. V] NOTES. 2SS 

a*' 7at€Maf. Diud. omits ctf, but following Born., Pop. and Ei^., I 
have retained it Butt. (§ 139. N. 5.) says that this particle often gives 
t(/ the indie, the sense of a customary action. So also Mt. § 599. 2. cu 
Haxaoav is a syncopated form of the pluperf, (Butt. § 107. 3) = imperf. 
(S. § 209. N. 4). ratiTo*' inolovv, i. e. they again ran on in ad- 
vance and then halted. ovx ^v Xa^dv, sc. aiVroi 5, it was not pos* 

sible to take (tliem). Butt (§ 150. p. 438) remarks, that hean refers 
to the physical possibility, it is possible ; i^tonv to the moral, it is 
lawful, one may; Ian stands indefinite between the two, it may or 

can be done, ii fiij dtaatdvrfq ol inniiq O-rjijojgv StaSf^Ofifvot toiq 

VnTToiq, unless standing at intervals^ the horsemen hunt them^ succeed, 
ing one another with (fresh) horses, dtadf'xoftaiy to receive through^ 
sc. others. Hence, to receive in succession^ or, succeed to one another. 
Here the pursuit was received through the series of horsemen, until 
the animal was taken, or the relays were all exhausted. &ijg^t¥, 

Cf. S. § 87. N. 2. rolq innoiq denotes the means, S. § 198. 

•roTq i).a(ff(oiq^ sc. K{idaaiv, dd is said by Hoog. (p. 38) to elegant- 

y close a sentence either disjunctively or adversatively. 

3. Ta/i» inavovto^ quickly cease^, i. e. give up the pursuit ~— 
amaTtdto, It is unnocessary here to repeat the various readings ot 
this word. I have followed the one which Dindorf on the conjecture 
of Buttmann has adopted. The mid. anoando^iai, signifies to remove 
or tear one's self away fronu "iti se aJbripere?^ Sturz. nolv y^Q «^«- 
anaxo (pgvyovcta maybe rendered, for flying (i. e. in its flight) it ran 
far in advance ; or, (making the participle express the principal action, 
and tlie verb accessory (Mt p. 9Q6), for it fled away running far 

ahead. Ttoal and Trrf^.v^iv follow /(;oj^fri/. Cf. S. § 198. N. 1. 

Soofto), in running (S. § 197. 2), is opposed to agaaa (sc. lavrifr) 

in raising (itself) up, — waneg iarlw is to be joined in sense to rodq dk 
nxfov^iv agaaa, " Nothing can be more entertaining than the sight 
of the ostrich when excited to full speed ; the wings by their rapid 
but tinwearied vibrations, equally serving them for sails and oars, 
while their feet, no less eissisting \a conveying them out of sight, seem 

to be insensible of fatigue." Encyc. Rel. Knowl. p. 896. ragt 

uviorfj. suddenly starts them, fan Xafipdimv, See N. on 4" 

lot,;*ir, § 2. i^ga/i'y a little (distance). 

4. fnrjftri, Krug. thinks that this city was deserted by the inhabi- 
tants through fear of Cyrup. KoQaunfi, Corsote, the site of which 

seems to correspond to a spot where are now the ruins of a large city 

called Erzi or Irsah. Maaxd, Dor. gen. of Mourxaq, Cf. S* 

;3l. N. 3 Dindorf accents Jlfctofxa. 

5. /7i'A«5, 1. e. the PylsB Babylonige, through ^VvvcJa. ^^ ^two?^ 
ay from Mesopotamia to Babylonia. &XXo ol^v ^M^^*** ^^ 

j224 NOTES. [Book I. 

tree has beei: previously spoken of, &XXo must be considered redun- 
dant " Verti potest prcBterea,^^ Krftg. Cf. Ir^V^Sj I. 4. § 2 ; AAo» d^ 

Haap^ I. 7. § 11 tpiXri, bare (of trees or herbage). ovovq akt- 

taq. Hesych. interprets oro? • # ava'trfooq XCO-oq rov fivXov, the upper 
miUstone, Hutch, iiinks that it was so called, because asses were 
employed in turning the larger mihstones. SSee Matt 18 : 6, where the 
upper millstone is called fivXoq ovixoq. The smaller stones were turned 
by females of the lowest condition. Cf. Jalm Arch. §§ 138, 139 ; 

Rob. Lex. N. T. art fivXoq avrayoodl^ovTfq, purchasing in return. 

It is evident from this, as well as other passages, that Babylon was 
indebted to tlie countries lying up the Euphates, for many of the con- 
veniences and even necessaries of life. For a valuable article on the 
commerce of Babylon, see Bib. Repos. Vol. VII. pp. 364-90. 

6. AvS^tf dyoQ^, Larch, observes from Herod. I. 155. 157, that 
the Lydians had practised stall-keeping and trade from the time of 
the elder Cyrus, who by depriving them of the use of arms, had ren- 
dered them effeminate. Hence the proverb, Avdhq xaTirjXfVH, 

aXiVQwp ij dXcpCtiOP, wheat flour or barley meal. So Sturz defines these 
words. But why flour so different as that of wheat and barley should 
be held at the same price, has puzzled critics and editors not a litde. 
To avoid this difficulty Muretus suggests the erasure of dXfvou>p ^, as 
being added by some one, who thought it a synonyme of dAqp^roJf. 
KriXg. deO^nes aXfiraj farina crassior ; aXevga farina tenuior et ma- 
gis elaborata, and avoids the difficulty above suggested by referring 
to the great want of provisions, or the comparative abundance ol 
aXfvga, — rtrtdgwv alyXiav, As six opoXol = ^4>a/^/y, i. e. 17 cents 
5-93 mills (Cf N. on I. 4. § 13), seven and a half hpoXoC or the Persian 

ofyXoq =22 cents. diWra», is worth, o^oXovq properly depends 

upon an infinitive after dvvavtat,^ such as (p^Qstv ; or it may be regarded 

as synecdochial, xaTzl&rj Sm /o^ytxa?. The capacity of the /oXref, 

upon which that of the xanCO-ri here depends, is differently given, 
some making it = three cotylse ; while other authorities make it = 
four, and some even, eight cotylse. A cotyla = .4955 of a pint Eng- 
lish. ^x^Q^h contains : lit gives place or room. A vessel is trop. 

said to make room for a given quantity, when it will contain it 

7. Hv d^ rovroiP rwf ara&'fiiav ovq Ttdrv fiax<}ovq ijXavrev, there were 
(some) of these days^-marches which he made very long, fan is com- 
monly employed even before the plur. relative, although the plur. tlaC is 
sometimes found (Cf II. 5. § 18), and the imperf ^p. Cf Butt p. 438 ; 
Mt § 482. Obf 1 ; S. § 157. N. 1. araS^n^v is constructed witli ^f 
— oiHj = ^v Ino,, oi\ (Mt 5 482 ; S. § 150. 5) ; fully, ^y Ivcm rovrvtf 
rvp ara^fAiav ovq. The relative ovq may be referred to Butt § 131. 3 ; 

iL i 164j uecsLUBG it represents oxaO-^ov^^-w^ixOcim^hifc connection fliff- 

Chap 7.] NOTEa 225 

nifies the distance passed over (rrip Uaatv). Rennell (p. 86) sayi 
that these marches refer particularly to the hilly desert between Corsote 

and the Pylae 07z6t( — fiovXoito. Cf. N. on ind — dicjxoij 1. 5. § 2. 

SiateXeaai, sc. ttiv 66 ov. /i-Xov, provender for the beasts of bur- 
den and cavalry horses. Kat ^ij Ttotfj and once indeed. These 

particles introduce an illustration of the haste with which Cyrus urged 

on his forces. Cf. Hoog. p. 90. tov paQ^a^Lxov argaxot follows 

Xafiovtaq^ because the action of the verb refers only to a part of the 

object Cf. Mt. § 323. 6. awex^i^dll^fiv, to assist in extricating. 

The student should note the force of the composite avv and ix. 

8. (ooTZfij oityfi' Dind. and Pop. connect these words with the pre- 
ceding clause. But why should Glus and Pigres be in a rage at exe- 
cuting as leaders a commission, to which when commanded, the Utq- 
aai ol x(jdTcaroi gave their personal service with such alacrity ? Why 
did Cyrus retain Pigres in a post of honor (Cf. I. 8. § 12), if he show- 
ed so Uttle zeal in his master's cause ? Hutch., Bom,, and Krug., 

rightly therefore connect wajifg ogyij with the following clause. 

avPfTtiaTTftaat, to assist in hastening on. There is great beauty and 

force in these compound words. *'Ev&a Srj, then truly. fitgoq 

Tt, a specimen, example. 'PCiffarteq. This shows the alacrity 

with which they executed his command. xdv.dvq, cloaks or gowns 

with wide sleeves worn over the tunics, common to kings, generals, 
and private soldiers ; only those worn by kings were of purple, those 
worn by high officers, scarlet or purple with white spots, while the 
soldiers, wore such as were made of coarser materieds. Cf (>yr. I. 3 
§ 2 ; VIII. 3. § 10 ; Curt. III. 3. § 18. Yates says, that in the Per 
sepolitan sculptures, nearly all the principal personages are clothed 

in the xdrSvq wito, imperf. mid. 3 plur. of the imaginary i///a, I go. 

Some recent critics however reject this middle and write with the as- 
pirate Xf^ai, I semi myself, I hasten, from i'ly/**, I send. Cf Mt. § 214. 

4 ; Carmichael Gr. Verbs, p. 97. mul rU i/?, for a prize : Ht for 

victory. The Persian noblemen are represented as running with as 
much ardor to raise the waggons from the mud, as the foot racers 

contended in the Olympic games for the pnze. xal before ftdXa 

may be rendered and that too, what is more. See Butt. p. 425. 

rouToti<;, i. e. tJwse well known. Cf Mt 470. 4. dra^vg^Saq, trow 

scrs, made long and loose, as those now worn by the Orientals. The 
same orarment seems to be referred to in Dan. 3 : 21, 27, by the Chal. 
•pl33*iD, sarahallcB, which Gesen. translates long and wide pantaloons. 

Cf.'6yr. VIII. 3. § 13, with Barker's note. ovv rnvrniq, i. e. the 

costly garments and ornaments just mentioned. &drxov t/ w? nq 

civ ^j(tf, socmer than one could have thought (possible). Cf, S^^%^^^% 
N. on Vig. p. 216. So in Lat, crederem, pittarem, e\ft.^ «c^ ^wsNa^^sa 

226 NOTSa [BooE i 

employed, wlisre in English we should use the plTirperi. Cf. A\A, 

nnd Stod. Lat. Gram. 5260. II. R. 2. ^crfoiwot^? = wart /ifrewftov^ 

tlrat. An epithet is sometimes applied to a thing hy way of antifi- 
pation, to show thn rapidity or certainty of the act by which the qual- 
ity is possessed. 

9. 7 o <)> av/iTtav (sometimes _to d^ avfinav slvat), generally, upon 
the whole, i. e. in all the things pertaining to the expedition. Cf. Mt 

§§ 283, 545 ; Vig. p. 12 ; S. § 221. N. 3. Srjloq ^v Kvgoq antv^ 

diav. See N. on ^^Aos ^v aviwfuvoq, I. 2. § 10. onov firj, urdese 

where. ooa fi>v av, Porson joins av, (which Dind. has bracketed,) 

to voftCt^wp. It is generally taken with ?A^o*. See Butt § 139. 8 ; 

Mt § 527. The subject of fidxto d-ai is the s me with that of fo- 

fiCl^onf, because both subjects refer to the same pc^ son, Cf S. § 158. 

N. 2. Kal ijvnSHv d* ^v rw ngoq/'xo^'^^ rov fori', it was evident to 

any one giving (the subject) attention = aivy one upon reflection might 
see, Bloomfield says that nitnqt^x^vxi xhv vovv, paying attention to, re- 
ceives this sense from the article, vovv Ifxfi'V denoting to he knowing, 

or clever. ovviShv ^v — ^i^XV — ovaa = avfidfiv ^v or* ^ oio/rj ^, 

nXti O-n /o>(>a(; xal av O-iiionotv, from its eodent of country and nvmr 

ber of men, Si,a Ta/*W= to/ *(&;?. The sense of this passage is that 

the very circumstances which made the Persian empire formidable, 
if time were given to collect its vast resources, would render it a more 
easy prey to the invader, should it be suddenly attacked. 

10. xara xovq i(^fj fiovq araO-finvq, i, e. opposite the desert, through 

which they were thirteen days in marching (I. 5. § 5). axfStatq, sc. 

vaval, lit (vessels) hastily constructed^ i. e. rafts, floats, etc. (5<^?, 

thus, in this manner, /o^to»> xoi^^oc, light (i. e. dry) fodder, 

hay, i flra avpijyov xeti avv^anvtv, then they brought them (i. e. the 

skins) together and sewed them, avvtunon'y 3 pers, plur. imperf. 

indie, of avandta. w;, so that. Cf II. § 10 ; V, 6. { 12. r^c 

ttdqipfiq, i. e. the /ooTo? xowqpo? enclosed in the sldns. paldrov, 

date. This country abounded in palm trees, from the fruit of which 

was made a very agreeable wine. Cf II. 3 §§ 14, 16. rotto ia 

put in the neuter, because fnUvriq to which it refers, denotes an in- 
animate thing. Cf Mt 5 439 ; S. § 137. N. 2. 

11. '^fi(ptXf^dvtiav T*, disputing about something. xQfrotq dSt- 

Ktlv Tov TO? Mfvwvoq, judging one of Menon^s soldiers to have been in 
he wro^ig, i. e. to have occasioned the disturbance, ddtxtlv = ^^i- 

njx^vat, fleygv, sc. to ai'Tow nd&oq. Cf. § 14, infra. — • 

igytt^oi'To l(Tx^fQwq, were greatly enraged, 

12. Tijv ctyogav. i. e. the provisions brought across the river from 
Charwande. wptx jitOei, rides back. rolq ntql aitop, his at" 

iendanta. Cf. Mt. §J J3S.c: 5%^. \.c\ ^xjlU. ^150. p. 439. Th« 

Chaf. v.] notes. 227 

proper name is often Used with this formula. See II. 4. § 2 ; Thucyd. 

VIII. 105. itjai xfi d^tpf}. sc. oinovj threw his cuve (at him, i. e. 

Clearchus). To verbs of throwing tlie missile is joined m the dative 

to denote tlie insiinimeiit. orrog, i. e. the one who cast the axe. 

avrov rifiagrev, Cf. Mt. } 332. 7. So afia{>xiiv 6dov, to miss the 

way. ' aXlnq S^ XlO-o)^ SC. ?i/fft KXf'aoyov, 

13. TtafjayyfXXd fiq ta oTiXa, calls, to arms ! His rage did not per- 
mit him to wait for the pubhc crier to call tlie soldiers together. 

taq danCSaq nt/oq ra yhvaxa O^fvtaq, placing (i. e. resting) their shields 
against their knees, Cf. " obnixo genu scuto " Com. Nep. Chabr.I. 

2.— To/'Twi' ^, i. e. the cavalry. inl tovq M^vwvoqy sc. arganwraq, 

wffT« ixeCvovq x. t. X. Probably Clearchus was so incensed, that 

he cEune with httle less vehemence, than if he were rushing to battle. 

tof/ff'V ^^l f « oTzXct^ ran to arms. 0! df xal taraaav ebro- 

QovvTfq 1(5 Ttgdyfiarif others stood still, being perplexed at the affair, 
oi dh responds to ol ^i^v implied in the previous proposition. 

14. frv/f ydg vrftfgnq ngoatoiv, for he happened to he last coming 
up. xd^vq. Cf N. on I. 2. § 16. f ^«to rot o;rAa, stood (with h» 

men) in arms. Cf Vig. (Seager's note) p. 102. Bom. interprets 

cum armis in acie consistebat. awTov oXfyov dei^iyavToq xaraX^th- 

aO^Tivm, while he wanted little of being stoned. The construction may 

be resolved into oXfyov iSinaf ainov xaraXtva&fjvai, on the principle of 

attraction refeired to in N. on dijXoq ^ dviiafievoq, I. 2. § 11. TtQtftK 

X^yoi TO avrnv nd&oq, he (i. e. Proxenus) should speak mildly of 

his wrong, i. e. make a light affair of it 

15 ^Ev ToiVw, i. e. iv xovxw tw xgovo). Cf. Mt § 577. tolq Ttor 

gorai tiav niaxiav = ixe(voiq rdv ntarmv ot Ttagrjaav, those of his faith' 

ful attendants who were present. These are called (I. 9. § 31) by way 

of honor e* (wvtQdntXoi, those who sat at his table, his table compaU" 


16. When Cyrus came up, *he altercation was probably between 
Clearchus and Proxenus (cf latter part of § 14), and this accounts fop 

his addressing them by name. ovx Xare o n Ttoieltf, you know not 

what you are doing, i. e. you are not aware of \h& consequences of 
vcur actd. See ol yag otdaai xl Ttoiovai, Luke 23 : 34. On tati, cfl 

Butt } 109. III. 2 ; S. §§ 118, Eid<a : 209. N. 4. xaxSq — i^/orrwr. 

See N. on fvvoXxoiq f/otef, I. 1. § 5. rSv fjfMr/gwPy our affairs. C£I 

S. § 140. N 5. pdgpagot does not take the article, because am 

Kriig. remarks, its office is performed by ovq ogatt. 

17. ir iavxm iyn'txo, came to himself. When a man is in a vio- 
lent passion, he is said in the language of metaphor to be beside him^ 
felf, md of his mini. So when he lays aside his anger, he is said u> 
return or come to tims^lf. Cf. Acts '2 : 11, See alsoN. oi^ «»!u\«t%k 

238 NOTES. [JBooK 1 

{ 16. — — xeeror jf w^r fO-ivro ra onXct, '' deponeban^ carma 9U0 ordhut 
et loco." Poppo. 


1. 'EtfXfv&evy i. e. from tlie Pylse Babyloniae (J 5. § 6). ngolor- 

c«y, sc. avxiav, Cf. N. on I. 2. § 17. w?, about. See N. on I. 2L 

{ 3. OvTo», i. e. oi inntlq drawn from inntav going before. 

f T xt eUAo, whatever else. Cf N. on I. 4. § 9. yfV*t t* ^r^o^^xtor /9aa#- 

il«T, connected by birth to the kiv^, i. e. a relative of the king. 

TO TtoU'fjiva limits oQCoxotq. Cf Butt. § 131. 6; S. § 167. xc* 

ngoa&'iv, formerly even, With Bornemann I have put a full etof 

afler ;roAf^i/arag, thus connecting xaraAAa^^e^f dh with ovxoq Kvqw f7 
ntv to which it evidently belongs, 

2. xaxaxcivo$ ar. In the orai. obliqtta, the opt. is employed with- 
out &v, but as it here stands in the apodosis (S. § 213. R.), ar accompa- 
nies it Cf. Mt. § 529. fj t^oivxaq TtoXlovq avxtav J'Aot. or take mant- 

of them alive, i. e. make them prisoners. Repeat av with Hoi, xwAr- 

aiu, and Ttoiriatnv, xfuXvans is followed by xov xaUiv (S. § 221) 

as the gen. of the remote, and ijiiovxaq (sc. aitxovq) qjb the accus. oi 
the immediate, object. Cf. Butt §§ 131. 4; 132. 4. 1; S. § 180. 2 

— Ttoi^aeifv o)(jxt, would cause that. " efficere vt." Sturz. 

iui/xcTAat, to give information, to be messengers, 

3. hot/iovq ainw, ready for him, aiVw is here the Dot, Commode 

(Sec N. on I. 2. § 1). (p^aaai, to order, tell, Bloom. (N. or 

Thucyd. III. 15. § 1) remarks that this signification of tp^aCsiv is rare. 

Cf. II. 3. § 3. ix^XfViv, sc. xov ^aadta, ntaxtiaq^ of fidelity 

(to the king). 

4. l^fayfoii^, heaving read. ^Tzxd must be joined with xoif 

mgCaxovq. Spelman remarks that the ancient writers, who treat of the 
affairs of Persia often speak of a comicil of seven, which seems to have 
been instituted in memory of the seven Persian noblemen, who put the 
Magi to death, of whom Darius Hystaspis was one. Cf Esth. 1 : 13, 
14. &iaB-ai xa onXa. Cf N. on I. 5. § 14. This guard was em- 
ployed to prevent any attempt to rescue Orontes or interrupt his trial. 

5. 8^ xal is elliptically used for oh fjtovov <J> xoino, aU.a, (not 

only this) but he also called Clearchus, etc. o? y« = qinppe qui. 

iTiasmuch as he. xoiq ciD.niq. i. e. the Persians who were witli Cy- 
rus. 7tQoxtfiT}9'f}i'(xt- fidhoxa. Cf. N. on nXtov TtQortftriatad'f, I 

4. § 14. Clearchus was r i, "^'-^Y looked upon by Cyrus, as the leading 

mind of the Greek army (Ci. II. 2. § 5 ; III. 1. } 10), and hence th^ 
policy ofbonorng l\m m the wa^ Viexe «^V»u of. i^^/yt^Xi — 

Chap. VI.] NOTEa 1229 

r^y x^fotf — «? ly«VMofoi i^i^yyfiXi uq rj xglaiq iyivtto. For this 
Bpecies of attraction, by which the subject of the dependent proposi- 
tion becomes the object of the preceding one, cf Butt { 151. 6 ; Mt 

§ 296. 3 ; S: § 157. N. 9. m^laiv^ trial. a7i6^Qrixov, to he kept 

secret, Cf, Batt §134.8. a^/fij/ xoZ Aoyou is emjloyedwhen 

the epeaker is to be followed by others; ao/eo&ai to? Xoyov, when 
gimply the commencement of a speech is intended lo be designated. 
Cf. Sturz Lex. Xen. 

6. Ttai^KxaXeaa = naQaxixXrixa, Cf Butt § 137. 3 ; S. § 212. N. 1. 

'i/ivd^fq (plXot. See N. on ixO-ohv af^^a, 1. 3. § 20. n^oq O-eoiv xai 

Tiiioq cLvO-(jo)7twv^ in the estiTnation of gods and men. Cf. Mt § 590. 6. 

TouToi/ij this here. In social intercourse, ihe Attics strengthened demon- 
stratives by the suffix L Cf Butt § 80. 2. ya^ in the next sentence 

is ya^ illtistrantis, i. e. it serves to explain and illustrate what has just 

been said. vtv^xoov, a servant^ attendant, not 6ovXoqy a slave. It 

heightened the crime of deserting his prince, that Darius gave him to be 

an attendant upon Cyrus. inonr^aa taati x. t. A., / effected that (Cl'*, 

N. on § 2) he thought it best to cease making war upon me, or, / caitsed 
him to conclude thai it was best, &c. Krug. says that the proper 
structure would have been : fyoj avrov 7t()oa7roX(ft(!jv inotrjaa xov ngoq 
ifih noX&fAov navaaaO-a^. The construction was well suited to the ex- 
cited state of the speaker's mind. dt f *af , the right hand. In an- 
cient times one of the surest pledges of fidelity was the giving of the 
right hand. Cf. II. 3. § 28. Hence, in the early ages of the Christian 
church, the custom of giving the right hand of fellowship. Cf Gal. 
2: 9. 

7. 'ioxi. ov. Supply Hariv from the preceding clause, or* serves 

here as a mark of quotation. Ovxovv vartgov — xaxaq inoUt^y 

did you not afterwards lay waste. A negative question implying an 
affinnative answer. Cf Butt § 149. p. 428 ; Vig. p. 166. III. w; «/- 
%oq av hftoXoyrTq is to be taken with ovS^v vji fftov aSixoi'/ifvoq, • — — 
tiq Mvaovq, (sc. iX&Mif,) = elq MvaCav, See tlq xovq pagpdgovq, I. ?. 

5 5. *^(pri = wfioXoyti, Cf. VII. 2. § 25. tyrwq riji' atavror 

Si'tyafitr, you knew your strength, i. e. had become sensible of your in- 
ability to contend with me. ^^grntulnq (iotjuhr, the altar of Diana. 

lie came to this altar, which Hutch, thinks belonged to the temple o! 
r>iana at Ephesue, as a suppliant See 1 Kings, 2 : 28 ; Tlnicyd. I. 
■{. fiftafffXsiv -Cf ant, that you repented. Cf S. § 182. N. 3. 

S. For the construction of ifii,9nvXfVb)v — favfghq yfyovaq, cf N. on 

SrjXoQ ^rdrtu)f4Hoq, I. 2. § 11. ttb^I f/ti.&Stxoq, unjust to me. Mt 

5589. c. 'H y\\odvd^xT\ ( = cinHiyxniov iaxi), certainly, for it 78 

necessary (to confess that I have wronged you). Cf Vig. p. 163, Y. 
"Et* o?»' av yipoto, can vou th^*still be. "Ixv Vveife \€\3a\^% Vi ^^a^ 

taO NOTES. [Book 1 

futore. — — Constnijt on ol^ with Ttovt in the next clause. Krftg, 
Bays that on in tliis and similar places arises from a blending of two 
constructions: dTrgxaCvaro, on, ovx av So^airto, and dTttxgCpato' ovx a# 

do^aifii. anC y av ?t* ncr^ So^otifM^ I shoidd never seem so cU least 

to you. We have here an illustrious example of the force of ccnsciencer 
To all the charges Orontes unhesitatingly plead guilty, and when 
virtually asked, what should be done with him, his reply bespoke his 
deep conviction, that he must be put aside as one no longer to be 

9. /liv rotavra Si To^afToi With fi^v and ds there is frequent- 
ly a repetitic "^ (anaphora) of the. same word. See Mt § 622. 2. 

ixnodotv 7tote\M&ai, sJiouldbeput out of the way, i. e. put to death. 

For S^fi — ^ (commonly edited d/o* — eXrj), Cf. ML § 518 ; Butt. 

§ 139. 2 ; S. § 214. 3. rm'Tof (piddtrta&cu, to he on our guard 

against him, to be watching him, to xard rovrov ^rva^. as far as 

he is concerned, limits a/oXii ^ rifuv, Cf. Mt § 283 ; S. § 167. N. 2. 

10. ttpri. Clearchus was relating this to the Greeks. nqoaO-t- 

(jO-ai (sc. Tj/v \prjq)or)y ax^ceded to : lit. added (their vote) to, liar 

Sovxo rrjq ^(avrjq tov ^OitovTTjv, they took Oroutes by the girdle, ML 
(§ 330) says that for the most part only middle verbs are constructed 
in this way with the gen. As it respects the Persian custom here 
spoken of, cf. 6 fi^v Ja^noq i7ii,Xap6fifvoq rfjq rov XagiStj^iov l^Mvriq xara 
rov nov JJfQffiav vofiov Tzagt'dtaxt roT? vTtrigixtuq xixX ngoq/rci^ev dnoxnl" 
rat, Diod. XVII. 30. iTzl &avdro), (as a sign that he was con- 
demned) to death. Some consider fnl as used here de consUio, and 

supply the- ellipsis thus : (in order to lead him) to death xal ol 

avyyfVfXq, even his relatives. xal tort, even then, ayo^ro de- 
pends upon eiSonq, which borrows the time of Ttgoqsxitvtiaap, 

11. ovti strengthens the negation oC ovSflq, S. }225. 1. ovJt 

oTtmq, nor in what way. It is thought he was buried alive in the tenL 
Cf. JJigaixoif di '^h l^mvraq xatogvaaetv, Herod. VII. 114. 


1. BapvXfavCaq, \, e. Babylonia Proper. The Assyrian or Chal- 

aean empire embraced, Mesopotamia^ or the northern district of 

c ">untry between the Tigris and Euphrates (Cf. N. on I. 4. § 19) , 

Babylonia^ comprismg tlie narrow isthmus between those rivers, 

commencing on the north, when the streams converge to about 20 

nibs of each other, and extending about 300 miles towards the Per- 

flian gulf; and the eastern district beyond the Tigris, called Atwr. 

It was where the Tigris and Euphrates were approaching 00 near to 

mu:b aihetjihsLt Cyrus i^reanoi^macdtki^. T\x« fertility of this tract waf 

c?HAP. vn.] NOTEa 281 

80 ^reat, that Herod (I. 193) says it commonly (to naqdnav) yielded 
of* corn two hundred fold, and in remarkable seasons, tliree hundred 
fold. Here at different periods, rose, flourished, and fell, tlie celebrated 
cities, Nineveh, Babylon, Seleucia, Ctesiphon, and Bagdad. The pe. 
culiar and advantageous situation of this region, as a great thorough- 
fare lor tlie caravan trade between Eastern and Western Asi£i, is 
ably given in " Commerce of ancient Babylon," Bib. Repos. VII. pp, 

364-90. 7t((il fifoaq vvxraqf about midnight, tlq tiiv imovaat 

Fw, upon the next morning, eiq is joined with words signifying time, 

Cf Mt. §578.6; Vig. p. 226. XIV. fia/ovfievov, in order to 

join battle. See Butt. § 144. 3. rov dt^iov xf\>(U5, sc. of the 

Greeks. Cf. N. 6n I. 2. § 15. tax fvoirvvfxov^ sc. xf^w^ from the pre- 
ceding clause. avroq .... SUrct^e, Cyrus in person marshalled 

the Barbarian forces. 

2. oifia rfj fmovari tififyff, together with, or at the same time 
with the following day = early the next morning. Mt. (§ 597) says that 
when a ft a is used with the dative, or wv is supplied. Buttmann, however. 

(§ 146. 2) makes afia in such a case a real proposition. nsfjl — 

flr^iarta?, concerning the army. • Xo/ayovq, cohort leaders, captains, 
who were usually admitted to the councils of war. Cf II. 2.§ 3 ; III. 

1. § 29 ; IV. 1. § 12, et ssep. al. • r* — xal, both — and, connect 

avvf^ovXtvgro and Traoijr?*. S. §228. N. 4. naiyrivn 0-a^QVvm9 

ToidSf, exhorted them in terms like the following, 

3. d7to(^)wr, being in want of. A tropical signification. Cf. N. on 
vtno^fa, I. 3. § 13. ^— dftttvoraq and x^*i'ttoi'$ are conjoined for the 

sake of emphasis. So Awoy xal afttivor, VI. 2. § 15. "Onwq ovp 

fafaO-e, sc. iTziftfUlaO^g (Mt. § 623. 2. ), see then thai you are. Butt 
(§ 149. p. 422) says that onotq ^ataO-B supplies the place of an emphatic 

imperative. xfxrrjnih has the signification of the present. Cf» 

S. § 209. N. 4. r v7t>Q ^<?, on account of which. Ev yttg Xatg, 

for know well = be assured. yd» illustrantis (See N. on I. 6. § 6). 

iXfv 9sijfar. Cf I. 9. § 29, where Cyrus is called dovXoq, shive of 

the king. dvtl &v = dvri rovtw a, before those things which.— —^ 

Trdttwv yai dV.oiv noXlanlaadar, (yes) all and much more besides, 
Cf S. § 151. N. 4. 

4. "Oitoiq, in order thai. To f(>v TtXrj&oq, sc. iart. -^ infcKJir, 

Cf S. § 118, tlftif N. 1. ravra refers to xgavyfj and Ttlij^nq in the 

preceding clause. Mt. (p. 725) makes ravra refer to xoavyjj, and 
fiays a pron. is sometimes put in the neut plur., even when the 

word to which it refers is in the masc or fem. sing. ra dXXiM, 

in other repeats. Cf Butt § 150. p. 436. • aia/vvtaO-aC uot 

ioxw ol'ovq jftXv yvtaafo&s rovq fv rfi X^ii^ ovraq dvO-qmnav^.^ 1 

*hivk (I have reason) to be ashamed (sc. IvO-vfiov^n^vo^;^ '^\vssa.\ ^««r 

233 .VOTES. [Book 1 

rider) wTiat sort of people you will find my countrymen to be , lit the 
men who live in our country. For the construction of fjfilv — /b^v?; 

cf. S. j 197. N. 4. The common reading is rifiajv. drd()wVf viro- 

ru7n, is opposed to arO-Qomovq, homines, in the preceding sentence. 

iyw vfioiv. " The indispensable emphasis of the first, and the 

beautiful energy of both together, so oratorically thrown in, deserve 

to be particularly marked." Belfour. tolq oYxoi ^tjXonhv^ (so rich 

as to be) a7i object of ejivy to those at home, 

5. (pvyitq 2"'a/ao?, a Samian exile. Samos was an island in the 

iEgean sea, S. W. of Ephesus. Kal firjr, but yei. dia to 

iv rtunvto) Btrai rnii y.ivdvvov Ttonqiortoq, because you are in such im- 
minent danger. For the construction of h towvto) — rov y.ivShov 

(= Iv rmovto) y.ivdvi'o)\ cf Mt. § 341. 4; S. § 177. 2. I'vtoi <J^, sc 

Xfyovaiv. fte/trwo is the perf. mid. opt 2 pere sing, of fn^vi^tjxtaj 

with the signif. of tlie pres. Cf Rost § 77. Obs. 3 ; S. §§ 1 18 : 209. N. 
4. — tf xal, and even. fioilotoj sc. djioSoi'vat. 

6. Tiarooia, paternal. fifarj/npi)(avy {fifan^y iiuf\ia, Butt. § 19. 

N. 1,) mid-day ; hence trop. mid-day quarter, i. e. soiUJu /*^>f^*« 

Of, i. e. fn'/oiq h.({vnv (to? To;roi') o;ror, to the pla^e where, or more 

concisely, to where. See Mt. § 480. b. aai:^a7revovt7ir, gocem as 

Satraps. This speech of Qyrus was in the magnificent style of Eas 
tern monarchs. Cf Dan. 4:1; 6 : 25. 

7. Tifiilq, plur. for sing., the style of royalty, "fiatf, so that. 

fi\] nvy. f'/o), that I shcdl not have. " firi alone with the subj., opt, 

and indie, expresses apprehension of an affirmative, fu] ovx of a nega- 
tive." Vig. p. 167. ftfj in ftrj ovx retains its power, although we 
must translate it by that or lest, and leave the following negative to 

stand alone. Cf Butt §148. N. 7. a; lyavov;:. sufficient Cm 

numbers). xat axf(pavov hdarw xQ^'coTv, also (i. e. in addition to 

what was previously promised) to each a golden crown. 

8. Elqtjfijav d^ Ttao avrov x. r. h As the generals had previously 
been with Cyrus (Cf § 2), the insertion of ol' r( frrQarrjyol involves this 
passage in much obscurity. Schneid. with Weisk. rejects oi' re aT(ta- 
trjyol, an easy but veT unsatisfactory way to dispose of the difficulty. 
Poppo suggests the omission of Xo/ayovq in § 2, and its substitution 
here in the place of o?Tf aT^arriyol. But this is at variance witli the 
readings of all the Mss., and cannot therefore be entertained. Kriig- 
er regards flafjtaar. . . . riv>q , as explanatory of the preceding ^-i S^ 

TwfTa dxomavTfq, mti hac audierant ; audierant autem non 

modo duces, sed alii Grceconim. qui in Cyri tabemaculum intrarant 
Bornemann translates : intraverunt autem ad Cymm non modo duce* 

fed etiam ceterorum Ch'^corum aliquot, and making arQaxriYol in 
thido both the generals ana cap\».\Tva^Tei^et^ iC-* 5*'?w»' *Fl).i^rwv cii^t 

Chap. VII.] NOTES. 233 

to "'.e common soldiers, who in separate parties visited the lent o^ 
o'yrus, to learn their liopes from his liberality. This seems to oe tlie 

best solution of the difficulty. rC aq^iaiv tarai, what (reward) 

^ they should have ifiTunla^, CI*. Butt. p. 297 ; S. § 1 18. // 


9. firi fid/ffj&ai, i. e. not to expose himself to personal danger in 

tiic battle. o}6t noiq tiitcio Kiniov^ made some such inquit-y of Cyrus 

(as tills). J)6i TTiaq, nearly thtcs. OXii, ydf)^ do you think then. 

(JO* ^u/^tflT^at. Kriiger tliinks that this refers to a single com- 
bat between the brothers, which if the king should shun, Cyrus, not 
having an adversary of equal dignity with himself, ought not ( Clear- 

cho judice) to personally engage in battle. fXTrgo y?, if at least, 

Ja^f^ov xoU JlaovadrMq x. t. A. A high as well as delicate com- 
pliment to his parents and himself. 

10. 'Evtav&-a dij h' rfi i^o7thaf(f = at this time, (so Krug., but 
Pop. makes ivr^vO-a contain the idea both of time and place,) when 
the army was standing equipped and marshalled for battle. It is evi- 
dent that the doid-fioq took place, not when they were in the act oS. 
arming and marshalling themselves, but immediately subsequent 

thereto. danlq for da7tiSo(p6i)oi, In like manner t^5 'innov, Herod. 

VII. 100, is used for rwv iTiniiuv. So in English, hoi^se and foot is put 
for cavalry and infantry ; artillery for artillery-men. — — /ivi)fa xaX 
tfrgaxoata. By comparing the numbers of the heavy armed, which have 
oeen given, it will be seen that 11000 (I. 2. § 9) — 100 (I. 2. § 25) -f 
700 (I. 4. § 3) + 400 (deserters from Abrocomas, I. 4. § 3) = 12000. 
But m this dru^/fo?, the number of heavy armed is only 10400. 
Weisk. with Zeun. thinks that those who were left to guard the bag- 
gage (I. 10. § 3), are noi included in this number. So Kriig., Pop., 
and Born. Some may have died on the march, others may have 
been on the sick list. A few returned in the ship of Xenias and Pa- 
sion. Some changed their heavy for hght armor, as the number ot 

the light armed is increased instead of being diminished. tf^«- 

nat'rjqiooa^ scythed-chariots. Cf N. on I. 8. § 10. 

11. "i^D.nt df ^oar. .See N. on I. 5. § 5. 7t()0 ai^oT iaaiXtm 

(as his body guard). 

12. aiQartjynl xat tiyt^orfq. Weisk. followed by Krug. attri- 
butes these words to game glossarist ; but Dind., Born., and Pop., 

receive them as genuine. h'syfixovta fivgiddgq. Many euppose 

rhat this includes the followers of the army. Ctesias gives the num- 

\}vr of the king's forces 400,000. vatfimat. Kriig. (de authent. 

p. 4. N. 13) charges Abrocomas with treachery, in coming so tardvV^ 
to the assistance of the king. The route, however, 'wViVcYvYv^Va^ Tcva?| 
have been less direct, than the one through the desetl \ak<eivV^ C*^tv» 


234 NOTES. [Book i 

13. ftQoq KvQop, Iliiiih. construes these words with olaiTOfiO- 
IfjiravTiq, since ayyMo) ie followed by the dat. of the pers. -: — nl atf 
xofio).riaa»Ttq ix xiuv 7io).([i(o)V = ixtlvoi riav nolffiCtav ot riurofiol'^xtaap 
Cf. 5S, § 177. N. 1. So in the next clause o^* i/ffT*^oi' ilri(pS-Ti<jap rwf 

nohuitjDt = ol TTol/fnoi o'l i'orf<>oi' 4).^<pO-ri(fat\ Cf. Mt. § 321, 5. 

fiera ti/i' fidxrjv is to be taken with ravra ijyyfXXovj and thus the sen- 
tence is freed from an apparent tautology in the use of vattgov. 

14. avvtiray/ievwj in order of battle. yoij afler ©Jero intro- 
duces the reason why Cyrus marched in battle array. So yag in 
rfara yag fif'aov assigns the reason why he thought the king would 

fight that day. rdtpgoq oovxtij, " est forma dicendi Homerica." 

Zeun. hgyvial ntrxt. The ogyvid = 6 ft. This trench waa 

therefore 30 ft. wide and 18 ft. deep ; a formidable one indeed to pas* 
with an army. 

15. MrjSfaq t«/'/oi>?. See N. on II. 4. § 12. "Ep&a tfij, Jiere, 

by the way. at <)io)Qvxfq x. r. I. "Ceterum canales," says 

Schneid., " non ex Tigride, in Euphratem, sed contra, derivatos esse, 
prseter raultos alios testes, significat Arrian. Anab. VII. 7. Rennell (p. 
76) says that on their entry into the plains of Babylonia, the Euphrates 
runs on a higher level than the Tigris. Cf. Bib. Repos. Vol. VII. p. 366. 

SiaXffTiovcft d^ hdari} jingaadyyriv^ and are distant from- each 

other a parasang. For the construction of Udarij with a plur. verb, 
cf. Mt. § 302 ; S. § 157. 4. It is regarded very improbable by Ren- 
nell, that four canals of such dimensions, should have been dug in the 
short space of a league, and drawn from a river of less than 500 
feet in breadth. 

16. ^Hp d> Ttaga x. r. X. The narrative, interrupted by the digres- 
sion respecting the canals, is here resumed. ndgoSoq jt«i+ 

Mrij. Rennell thinks this narrow pass was left because the trench 
could not be finished. But Kriig. says. " equidem propterea relictam 

puto, ne fossam aqua repleret." noiti — nttv&dvtTai,. Butt. 

(§ 137. N. 7) says that every other language must here in both in- 
stances have employed the pluperfect 

17. Tidoodov — naovld-f. For the construction, cf. S. § 163. % 

(Xnoi^ within^ i. e. on the side towards Babylon. fi^v oJ>r, 

so thm. fiaav — T/riy noXXd. Rost (§ 100. 4. N. 4) says, " the 

subject in the neut. plur. takes the plur. verb, when the idea of indi- 
viduals in the plurality requires to be made distinct and promment" 

18. SiXavov^ Silanus^ from Ambracia in Epirus and the principal 
soothsayer in the army of the Greeks. His perfidy towards Xeno- 

phon is detailec , V. 6. § 16. ort, because. Cf. N. on I. 2. § 2h 

Tfj M^y.dxri an h.i(vr\;i XT\q tifi/Qcx^; ;r<)orfoor, on the eleventh dai^l 

pr^mous to that day. Oux a^a \t\. lltaxCvla^t)ke^ Ke totS neot^ 

^KiP. VIIL NOTlLb. ' 236 

p^ht, Cyras supposed his brother would make a stand at the 'tdipQO(;, 
which was within ten days' march. If so advantageous a position 
should be abandoned by the king, 't furnished evidence that he 
would not hazard a battle. 

19. 'ETttt (J*, but inasmuch as, dnffvajyJvai rov fidxfa&ai^ had 

given up the intention of fighting. The vulgar reading is tov fiaxela&at. 
It is probable that the error of the king in not making a stand at this 
ditch, proved in the end to be of signal advantage, to him, inasmuch as 
the battle here would have l^een more compressed than at Cunsuca, and 
as a probable consequence, the Greeks would have been opposed to the 
king in person, which could not but have resulted in his overthrow 
and total ruin. rifuXrifidvoq ftdllovy more negligently^ less circum- 

20. Tfiv noQilav inoiiito = inoQiVito, to d\ noXv^ sc. rov 

orgaTfVfiatoq, iv rdifi, in order. " ordine servato." Sturz. 

Toic atgattwraiq properly follows ijyovro (S. § 196. 4), or it may be 
rendered as an adnominal genitive ailer rwv onXwv. Cf. S. §197 


1. Kal serves here as a general connective with what was detailed 
m the last chapter, while t« — xat, which follow, unite the clauses of 

the sentence. dftqil dyof^dv nXri&ovaav, about full market time^ 

i, e. some time between nine and twelve o'clock. Dio Chrys. divides 
the day into five parts: 1. 7igw% morning: 2. ntql dyofjav, full 
market, forenoon : 3, ^faijfipgCaf noon: 4. SslXij, afternoon : 5. hn^ 
Qot^ evening, dyoga nXtiO-ovaa answers to our full ^change. Cf. 

Herod. VII. 223 (Stock, note) ; Thucyd. VIII. 92. xaraXvaviv =- 

to halt for the night, to encamp, lit to loose, or unbind (the beasts of 

burden), i. e. unharness or unload them. rwf dftqil Kvqov m- 

arwv, sc. rlq, oneof the faithful followers of Cyrus. Cf. 1. 5. § 15. 

Ar« xgdtoq, atfutl speed. rw tjiTtw, Mt (§ 396) classes this with 

the dat oCmeans or instrument. Patagyas had probably been sent for- 
ward either to reconnoitre, or, what is more likely, to make some pre- 
parations at the ataO-fioq, where they were intending to encamp. 

floQ^otQixwq = rffQOiat^in the Persian language. '■—-' aW atgwrtif 
ftari. Cf S. § 199. N. 2. 

2. Ta()a/o5, tumuU, trepidation. xal ndrrfq S>, and indeed aUj 

.. e. he Barbarians as well as the Greeks. ininfatia&at hasi9<»- 

3*1^ € understood for its subject 

3. KaX in Kal KvQoq ft serves as a geneT^ codh^cXxn^^ -^viX^^ 

£36 NOTEa [Book 1 

correaponds to n in tolq re aXXotq. As it respects the ji.xce where the 
battle was fouorht, Plut. (Vit. Artax. 8) says it was called Cunaxa, and 
WC.3 distant irom Babylon 500 stadia. Mannert locates it a few miles 
■outh of the wall of Media. The time of the engagement is fixed by 
Rennell at Sept. 7, but by Larch., the latter part of Oct — — y.a&Cata^ 
aO-ou elq rrir ^avtov rd^tv fxaorroi', and each one to take his station in 
the company to which he belonged: lit in his own company, 

4. Kriig. says that unless tov xfQaroq is rejected as a vicious read* 
ing, it is to be explained : ra df^ia rovtov rov i,6f$iov) x^^aro?. -— 

fxofievoc^ being next (to him). xai to ar^drfv/na^ i. e. Menon's 

band. Schneid. regards these words as an interpolation. 

5. ircTCflq fih' flaifXayoi'sq. ' See N. on V. 6, § 8. 

6. Kiiooq df xat innnq. Supply toxriaav from the preceding section. 

Leun. from an ancient version supplies xata rb fi^oov after 

i^axoaioi. These words are, however, omitted in all the MSS., and 
besides, it appears from a comparison of § 24 with §§ 13, 23, that Cy- 
•us stationed himself in the left wing. ipiVtjr, i. e. he had no hel- 
met on his head. That he wore a turban is evident from the nature 
of the case, as well as from the testimony of Ctesias (cf. Plut. Artax. 
11), who says that in the battle his tiara fell off. This was probably 
the Ttctoa onO-rf (Cf II. 5. § 23), upright tiara, an outward assump- 
tion of the royal dignity for which he was contending. 

7. fiaxaCoaq, Sturz defines : gladius, quo csBsim feritur. Krug. 
says, " erat ^(ce/atoa gladius leviter curvaius fold similis (Curt. 
VIII. 14, 29), quo caBsim feriebatur, ^^(pnq ensis, quo punctim.'' 
The fidxatija was worn by Homer's heroes along with the iiq.oq (Cf. 
II. 3 : 271), and was used on almost all occasions instead of a knife. 
So we find (IV. 7. § 16) that the Chalybes employed this weapon in 
cutting their enemies' throats ; and the Greeks (IV. 6. § 26), in cutting 
to pieces the bucklers which they had taken from the enemy. It is 
evident therefore that the fid/aiga was of the knife kind, and r'^s 
used, as Y?.tes remarks (Smith's Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 809), by the 
Greek horsemen, as a weapon of offence, preferable to the long 

8. Kal fiSri T€, and now. SeClri. Cf. N. § 1. Buttmann (LexiL 

p. 217) says that the events which follow show that deO.rj here mean* 
the early part of the afternoon. Cf VII. 3. §§9, 10, where Seu- 
thes says that there are villages to which the army niay march with 
ease before dmner, and afterwards their arrival is described as taking 
place rriq df^Xifq, which could not have been long aft«r noon. In III. 
i. J 34 ; IV. 2. § 1 it is apparent from the context that SfClri means th^ 

advanced part the aftemoom. So also in III. 3. § 11, where it is 
^ransia^ed by Eome, in the ereuiing. 'B.MXvi^'^vssSu^lAidl. p. 218) r^ 

Chap. VIIIJ NOTES. 237 

marks, Xenophon "maj havt very fairly saa of an army, which, after 
a march constantly interrupted by the enemy, reaches a certain pomt 
somewhere about four o'clock, where it intends to pass the night, that 
after marching the whole day it had advanced only two miles and^ 
half, and had arrived in the afternoon at a certain point ; and as the 
context shows thaf the time meant was one drawing towards the eve- 
ning, the word ddht] was quite suffipient to mark it." Y.nrioitthq 

(xoiYa, norvfti^) dust raised^ a cloud of dust. X(>oro) d> nl avxvip. 

Leimcl. taking (hvxvm in the sense of much^ and knowing that although 
it was afternoon, when the enemy appeared in sight, a battle was 
yet to Jbe fought, inserted the negative oi. which llutch., Dind., and 
Pop., have followed. But this was unnecessary since if avxvtn r= 
TtnXXb,^ it may have been so relatively, i. e. as it appeared to the ex- 
cited Greeks, against whom such a cloud of war was slowly (Cf. 
J 11, infra), and majestically approaching. But one of the definitione, 
which Hesych. gives to m'/rcf, is avft/rj, closely joined, which, if adopt- 
ed here, would give to ;foo»'w avxrto the signification, immediately 

after, in a very short time. roi/a Sri »^«* ;f aP.xo? tk; ijarQanre, i. e. 

sudden gleams from the armor fliished through the cloud of dust 

^iiTftaTttf (Cf Cyr. VI. 4. § 1), began to glitter. Xoyx^h l^'nccs. 

The Grecian spear consisted of the S6qv, shaft, pole, and Xoyxv^ 
ntxfiij, iron head or point, both of which essential parts are often put 

for the whole. xararpavflq, clearly seen. The occasional gleam 

of the bright armor through this dark cloud of dust, followed by the 
magnificent display, as the ranks came ftilly in sight, must have been 
a deeply interesting sight to Cyrus and his army. 

9. Itvxo&woaxtq, having white cuirasses. Hutch. (N. on V. 4. § 2) 
remarks that these cuirasses, like the bucklers there spoken oC were 
covered with hides of white oxen. But it is far more reasonable to 

consider them the same as the Xivnl &o)oax(q of IV. 7. § 15. ^/o- 

^^rot S> Tovxtot Cf N. on § 4. For the construction of the gen., cf. 

Mt § 339; S. § 179. 1. yf<jQ0(p6nni„ Sturz defines y^fjgov, scitr 

turn Persiaim e viminibus conte.rtum speciem quadrati oblongi refe- 
rens. These wicker frames were usually covered with leather or 
hides. " In contending with the Asiatic nations, whose principal 
weapon of offence was the bow, tlie use of this light, though large, 
buckler must have given the Persian a manifest advantage, but oj)- 
posed no adequate resistance to the ponderous lance of tlie Greeks." 

See Stocker's N. on Herod. IX. 99. noSrigfat, reaching to the feet. 

Cf Cyr. VI. 2. § 10. xara fd-rriy by nations, i. e. each nation by i'selC 

a common custom in the Persian armies. Cf Herod. VII. 60, 100. 
— — ir TtXaiatb) nXi^Qti, in a full oblong square, Cf. U\. 4. \\^.j^\Nfc^^ 
nXmlciov has the cpithec honXm^Qnv. Bloom. (5^. TYmlc^^.^'V. ^\ 

238 NOTES. [BuoK I 

•aya it was called nXataiov from its brick-like form. Sxaoror rt 

t&¥o<i is in apposition with Txdvtfq d^ oltoiy and is followed by intr 
Qii'tro in the sing., although the proper subject is in the plur. Of. 
Mt ^ 302. a. Obs. For the use of the article in yxaaxov ro ^^1*05, cf. 
Mt § 265. 5 ; S. § 140. N. 7. 

10. Repeat i7ro(jfVfro with tiqo dh aiTwv. — diaXitnovra avx^ov 
(r= TToXo, So Suid.) an dXXrilwv, at a considerable distance from one 
another, ix tdv a^6vo)v tlqnXdyiov dnottxa^^va^ extending oblique^ 

lyfrom the arle-trees, vno ralq dCtpiioiq^ under the seats, Cf Cyr, 

VI. 1. §§ 29, 30. -dq ytfv BXtnovxa^ pointing (lit looking) downwards, 

* Sometimes the scythe was inserted parallel to the axle into the 

felly of the wheel, so as to revolve, when the chariot was in motion, 
with more than thrice the velocity of the chariot itself" Smith's 
Diet Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 408. These scythed-chariots were 
never very serviceable, and often, when the horses attached to them 
were wounded or the driver slain, turned back with wasting havoc 

upon the army to which they belonged. yvo>Mj design. utq 

tiq raq rd^ftq rwv 'EXX^rv}v iXwvxwv (for iXaaovxmv)^ that they might 
drive into the ranks of the Greeks, For the construction of wc — 
iXd^vxm; cf S. § 192. N. 2. 

11. T^r xQavyriv roil' panpdobtv, Cf. I. 7. § 4. —— wq drvaxov (=- 

dxtvaxhv)^ as much as possible. iv W, ec. firifiuxijWilh equal step^ 

ai the same pace. 

12. ^/9oa, i. e. he issued the command in a loud voice. xaxa 

fi^aovy opposite to the centre. TtdvO-' Tjftip TtfTtolrixai == our work is 

done : lit every thing has been done (= will be done, S. § 209. N. 6) 
by us. For the construction of ■^^Ty nfTiottjxai, cf. S. § 200. 1. 

13. TO ^fooj/ axfcpoq^ the central troop. Reference is here had to 
the 6000 horsemen drawn up before the king as his body guard. Cf 

I. 7. § 11 ; 8. § 24. axoiW Ki^tov. " The verb axoiw, commonly 

governs the accus. of the sound, and the gen. of that which pro 'uceu 
it" Butt. § 132. 5. 3. Marg. N. For the construction of orxa, c\\ N. 
on povXfvo/if'voqj 1. 1.§ 7. xoanttxov — TTfoifjp, wos SO much superior. 

u)(jtt ftf'aov xo tavTov ^/wr, that being in the centre of his (anny). 

dXk' is here employed inconsequence of the precedjng parenthe- 
sis commencing with xoanvxov yao. This will also account for ti)C 
repetition of the proper name KXf ao/oq, ofiwq, yet, i. e. notwith- 
standing the command of Cyrus, and the informatior communicatee 

respecting the position of king. avxw ft^Xoi oTttaq xaXtaq J/o* 

he would take care that all things should go well. 

14. xainw = /;'oi'o;. o^a/.oi?, eodem g ressu. Sturz. ' Sine du 

bio, '' says Bornemann, '• Cy n exeieVtos uon Artaxerxis." But i is morfl 

uutural to refer it to the anfty o^ \\\e>Kvsv^. ^^^\\\ ^^^wu It muaf 

Chap. VIII.] NOTES. 239 

b&ve been a sublime spectacle, to see so many thousands, with tbeir 
guttering armor and flashing weapons, approaching in measured tread 
to battle. 

" The host moves like a deep-sea wave, 
Where rise no rocks its pride to brave, 
High swelling, dark, and slow." 

Cf- Par. Lost, VI. 78 — 85. I'ti iv rw avxia (sc. zonw) fiivov^ rt* 

maining ytt in the same place (where they first began to form). in 

toiv f'ri 7Tooqi6yto)i',from those who were stiU coming up. As the army 
was proceJing in a secure and negligent manner, when first advised 
of the approach of tl.e king's forces, some of the soldiers were proba- 
bly far behind. These, as they came up, would seize their arma 
from the baggage waggons (Cf. I. 7. § 20), and fall into their respec- 
tive companies. oi' ndw 7n>oq^ not very near to, u e. at a moder- 
ate distance from. He rode out far enough to have a view of both 

armies. ano^UTKav, filing his eyes upon, looking attentively at. 

This word is added to xarf&edzo in order to give particularity to the 

15. vTzMaaq, mding 7ip, Sturz with Hutch, renders, equo nonni- 
Ml incitato. But Kriig. more correctiy makes vn6 give to flavvto the 

idea of approach. tX, whether, k here followed by the opt. (S. 

§ 216. 1), because -^ofro, upon which naoayyMot depends, expresses 

time pa^t, Cf. S. § 216. 3. iTTinrtjaaqy sc. tor i'jtnor. rot it(}a 

ncd ra aq^dyva. Divinations were taken both from the entrails of the 
victim, and the circumstances attending its sacrifice. To such an ex- 
tent was the latter mode of divination practised, that the fire of the 
sacrifice, the smoke, wine, water, etc., were all carefully noticed. 
Hence IfQa may signify the entrails, a principal source of divination^ 
and afdyia, (from atpd^oj, to slay), the victims^ i. e. the circumstances 
attending the sacrifice, and the motions of the animal when slaughter- 
ed. So Sturz : nempe Itgd sunt ketce conjecturce ex extis ; atpdyia 
vevo, varia omina ex motibus Tvostia jam casurce. Cf. Man. Clas. Lit. 
f 75. p. 490. See also Hutchinson's note on this passage. These words 
are often synonjrmous. Cf. Thucy^.. III. 104 ; VI. 69. 

16. ^oQvfiov, noise, such as would be made by a multitude. 

O i^ Atvo(paiv. Dind. following certain MSS. reads 6 S^ KXfaQxoq. — to 

wvv&rifza, the ward, tessera militaris. " This countersign, which con- 
sisted of one, two, or more words, was given with the voice, first from 
the general to the mferior officers to avoid confusion, and from them 
through the whoie army, after which it was returned back to the 
general." Weiske. devrtQov, second time. Ktd o^ =^ K»X 

240 NOTEa [Book 1 

17. df/nitaf re. Some erroneously supply t?ji oiwror. Krug. under 
stands TO avi'O-Tjfia and paraphrases : ut bonum omen accipio hanc tea* 
sere n, aonrjofav xat vtHrjv. — rovro ?flfTw, let this 6c, i. e. may it happen 
that safety and victory shall be o\irs. Some translate, let this be (the 

watch-word). But this interpretation is too frigid. eiq rrjv iav 

Tov xH'^^'i '• 6' ^t the head of the barbarian forces of his army. 

iTzaidrtl^ov. The Schol. on Thucyd. I. 50 says, "the Greeks sang twa 
pieaiis. one before battle to Mar?, the other after it to Apollo." The 
Spartans called the paean sung before fhe engagement, rratav ift^Ja- 
tij{;toq, Tlie practice of singing it after the fight was over, is said to 
have arisen from the fact, that Apollo sung it after his victory over 
the Pythian dragon. This battle-song must have been highly ani- 
mating. Not dissimilar in its inspiring influence was the Marseillaise 
Hymn, which sung by the Parisian pop\ilace, transformed striplings 
into men, and peaceful citizens into veteran soldiers. 

18. 7ioQevo/ii^V(av, sc. airoip. Cf. N. on I. 2. § 17. i^txvfiatre. 

fluctuated, broke away from (the line). This metaphor, taken from 
the waves of the sea, is full of beauty and energy. For the con- 
struction of rtjq (pdXayyoq, cf. S. § 177. 2. to in iXf mo fitrof, the 

part (of the line) which was left behind, Cf. S. § 140. 3. iitofx^^ 

S-flv, to 71171 with speed. So to give fullness to the expression, we say to 

go rumiing, to proceed upon the run. alov neoyjust as. *EvvaUw^ 

one of the nanies of Mars. iXfXttnvoi., they sfunU iXthv, Some 

fancy that iXsXfv may have arisen from the Heb. jnj ^^fe«3. '^al? 

danlai Ttijoq ra $6{iaTa idoifTztjaar. We should have expected roiq tiooaai 

TTQoq TO? danldaq idnimrjaap. ^o/9oi' TtotovPTsq^ in order to frighten. 

Cf. S. § 222. N. 3. 

19. Jlotv d> ToUvfia i^txnXa9-m, but before an arrow reached (them) 
= befw ?. tliey came within bow-shot. " Proprie de jaculis et sogittis 
quee feriunt, vel jactu scopum assequi ob loci propinquitatem possunt*^ 

Sturz. firi &flv doofio). The reason for this may be drawn from 

the next clause. Cf Thucyd. V. 70. 

20. Ta dh uofiaxa i(pf\)fro ra fih', but some of the chariots 'cere 

borne along : lit. but the chariots were borne along, some, &c. k^ri 

tinoxoiv, without (their) charioteers, xfva, literally empty. 01 <5*; 

i. e. the Greeks. infl nnntdoifr. Cf. N. on I. 5. §2. 

i'arv d> oqnq, there was (one) who = some one. CI. 

Butt § 150. p. 438 ; Mt. § 482. wqTttQ iv Innodooftw, as in (he 

hippodrome. Cf Smith's Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 895 ; Man. Chs. 

Lit. p. 678. ixTtXayttq. being stmck with terror^ being stupified 

(at the sudden approach of these chariots). TtXriy of the 2 aor. pasa. 
becomes ^Aay in composition, Cf. S. §118.77. The student will notico 
the siren o-thening repe^tloiv q? xh^ ti^^"a.\:w^^\w>3[v^^Qllo wing clauses. 

Chaf. \ji.] notes. 241 

21. T« xaS^ aittovq, the enemy opposed to them. So Krftg. and 
Born. " Scil. fiagfiagLxof^ vel rwv fiagfiaQav x/gaq sen atC(poq,^ Hutch 

Cf. Thucyd. III. 108. § 2, where Bloom, supplies x^gaq. ^qfiaaiXghq, 

In ancient times, when the whole military strengtii of a Iqngdom was 
brought at one time into the field, a single battle usually decided the 

fate of an empire. vxo rtHv dfup avtov^ by his followers, ot-d' 

m^ = ov^ nvtiaq (Cf. \ig, p. 215. XVIII), not even thus, i. e. not even 
when apprurendy victorious, and already saluted as king by his at- 
tendants. avvtaTtetgafi^PTir, in close order, inffitXelro, he was 

atteniiv4jy watching. The use of xal in xdl yag may be seen 

by supplyii-g the ellipsis implied in yag: and (he did this, i. e. he 
watched the movements of the king) for, &c. The ellipsis in most in- 
stances ma}- be mentally supplied, and the formula xal yag be render- 
ed simply^ r. fidfc avxov on = ^d** on avro?. For this species 

of attraction; whereby the subject of the following verb becomes the 
object of the preceding one, cf. N. on I. 2. § 21. See also Butt, f 151. 
6 ; S. § 157. N. 9. 

■ 22. Kai iy here explicative, i. e. the sentence which it introduces 
serves to explain the previous one. As it respects the thing here 

spoken of, see Cyr. IV 2. § 27 ; VIII. 5. § 8. /liaov f^xovrsq to av- 

twv fiyovvrot were accustomed (Cf S. § 210. N. 2) to lead in the cen- 
tre of their (army)* Dind. and Pop. read riyovvrai, iv datpaXt- 

otdtfp, sc. roTiw (= /oj^^w), in the safest plajce. 

23. Kal — 9v\ tort, and indeed then. fi^aov ?/wf, although 

being in the centre. For this restrictive use of the participle, of. Mt 

f 566. 3 ; S. § 222. 1. ofitaq, yet. ^x tov IvavrCov, ex adverse, 

opposite, in front. roTq avtov rfray/t/ro*?, i. e. the six thousand 

spoken of, I. 7. § 11. mq tlq xvxXo)(nv, as if to enclose (them), tiq 

here marks intention. Of Mt. p. 1008. xvxXwaip is derived from xvxXim 
and denotes its action. Cf. S. § 129. 3. We are not to suppose that 
this evolution was performed by the right wing of the king^s army, 
since that must have extended several stadia beyond the left wing of 
the rebel forces, and it would have been nc quick or easy task to 
wheel about so immense a body of men It is rather to be referred 
to tb36000 body-guards, who inthe apprehension of Cyrus, were about 
to fall upon the rear of the Greeks, and cut them in pieces (o7tio&-t9 
f%¥6^itvoq xataxoiffT] to 'EXXrjvvxov). 

24. ^etaaq -^ xaraxoiprj (sc. fiaaiXthq). Mt (§ 518. p. 880) says 
that " the subjunctive is frequently used, edthough the verb upon 
which it depends is in time past, when the depending verb denotes an 
action which is continued to the present time. Cf. Butt § 139. 1 
S. ( 214. N. 1. rolq f^axotfCoiq. Cf § 6. dnoxttiwu X4yi%a 


2A2 HOTES. £Bmk i Plataich (Artax. 9) says that a^'ter Artagerses had thiown 
hi8 javelin at Gyms with a force that shook him in his seat, and wai 
turning his horse, Cyrus aimed a stroke at him with his spear, the 
point of which entered at his collar hone and pierced through his 

25. *Jl(; S^ 71 t(J07tri iysv€to SiaaTtiCgortai xal oi Kv(Jov i^nxoawi eif 
TO dKjixfiv oo/iijaai^<«, but when (the king's body-^ard) was routed^ 
the six hundred helon^ng to Cyrus, rushing on in thepursidt, were dis' 
peised, or in the route (of the king's body-guard) which took place, 
the six hundred, &c. m? di — xoti, hut when — then. For this use oif 
xa» afler definitions of time, cf. Mt. § 620. a. tU to ditoxtip oQf$fiaavre^ 
In Herod. IX. 59, MQfirifievovq ditixdv is found, tiq to being omit- 
ted. Cf. Mt. § 532. c. nXfiv (= o/u^mq) Ttdw oXCyov, but yet a very 

few. axiSov, mostly, oi hfityrgdntl^oi. These are called oi 

^vvrgaTt (^01, 1. 9. § 31. Cf. N. on 1. 5. § 15. 

26. ovx tivtax^to, was not able to restrain himself. Mceris : iiv4ax^ 
to, *u4mx(aq • dpeaxfro, ^EXXrjvixiaq. Cf. Butt § 114. p. 283. Thus far 
Cyrus acted the part of a prudent and skilful commander, but now 
at sight of his brother, regardless of all public considerations, and in- 
tent only upon revenge, he rushes like a madman into the fight, and 

in the moment of victory, falls by an unknown hand. 'Ogai rot 

%vdga == og» avtor, only more emphatic. Xito, Cf. N. on I. 5. § 8. 

Ttatd =jacula7ido ferit. So Krug. from Diod. XIV. 23, eind Plut 

Artax. 11. xata, upon, Xti/o/o?. Ctesias, a native of Cniduf 

aud by profession a physician. He spent many years at the Persian 
court, and composed a history of Assyria and Persia in 23 books en- 
titled Ufgaixci, only a few fragments of -which remain. 

27. TtaXrw. A missile weapon, although sometimes used in close 

fight fiaxofisroi xal fiaaiXevq xal Kugoq xctl ol, is regarded by 

Poppo as in the nom. absolute, for /laxoftivwv xat fiaadtwq xal Kvgo9 
xoU tCiv X. T. X, But Mt (§ 562. N.) founds this use of the nominative 
upon a different construction, viz. " when the subject of the participle 
is contained in part by the principal subject, or this latter m the other.** 
Here hnoaot, Kvgoq, and oxrw ol ag&oioi, the principal subjects, concsti* 
tute a pa/t of the whole contained in paaiXt\>q, Kvgo^, and oi dfitf atVoif 
the subjects oi'fiaxofifvoi, and a partial apposition may be considered ai 
existing between them. Cf Butt § 145. N. 4. oi agiaroi = ol 6/fo- 

tgdiie^oi, § 25. fxtivro in avx^, lay (dead) ufon hrm, Cf. xtUcn 

ndtgoxXoq, II. XVIII. 20 ; " neminem jacenteiii veste spoliavit," Com. 
Nep. Thrasyb. II. 2. 

28. MVTw tap axriTiTovxcttP &-fgd7iwv, of his scepire-bearing atten 
dantfi For the construction of ai/x^, cf. S. 4 197, N. 4 xtgtgr 

Chap. IX.] NOT£S. £43 

9tt9 avr$, 1. e. he fell upon him with his arms embracing the lifelefls 

29. dxipdxriv, scimetar. A short, crooked Persian sword. 

xoi atQtntov 6\ iqto^n x. r. X. From this passage compared with I 
2. § 27 ; Cyr. I. 3. § 3 ; Herod. VIII. 113 ; (.'orn. Nep. Dat. Ill ; Dan. 
5 : 7, 16, 29, it would seem that these ornaments were marks of honor 
conferred by the sovereign, very similar to the orders of modem 


1. iTtltvrtiafVj sc. tof pCov. Kvoov tov afj/aiov, i. e. Cyrus 

who laid the foundation of the Persian empire. paatXixwratoe 

viz., in mien, magnificence, generosity, high daring, &c., which were 

esteemed the most eminent qualificai ions of a king. Traoa is here 

put for vTtb. Cf. Butt. § 134. 3. Kvoov. « The repetitioa of the 

proper name is a mark of respect" Belf Soxovvrtoi; Cf. N. on 1. 3, 

§ 12. iv 7ti(o(f yfy^a O-ai, to be personally acquainted, to he ati inti' 

mate terms, " usu et consuetudine expertumesse." Krug. 

2. ya^. Cf N. on I.* 6. § 6. ?Tt nalq wr, being yet a boy. 

Ttavrou in every respect. Cf Mt. <n 425 ; S. § 167. ndvxwv ndvra is 
an example of what is called paronovmsia. 

3. &vu€uq. Krug. says, ^* 0-voaq esse aulam regiam, quae hodieque 
a Turcis porta vocatur, notum est.-' Cf Cyr. I. 2. § 3. — - awpqtt^ 
avrriVy modesty as opposed to cUa/gov in the next clause. Cf Cic. 
Tusc. Disput. III. 8. 

4. fvO-itq Ttaldtq optfq, as soon as they are children = from their 
very childhood. Cf. Mt. § 565. Obs. 2. 

5. Toiq Tf Ttfifafivt^Qotq xal toiv ^avtov vTtnSftaxi'gtuv fialXov ntl&f 
aB^ju, and to obey his elders m/yre readily than did those even, who 
were his inferiors (in rank), xmv v7iodifar(i)iav is constructed in the 
genitive with/taiAoi', and kavtov, with vnoSefatfowv. Cf S. § 186. 1. 
— roXq tuTtoiq dfjiaxa /(>^^^««, to manage horses with the greatest 
tkill. aijiara is used adverbially. Cf S. § 124. 2. Repeat iSoxu 

with /oijor^cu. fTtcira d> responds to iji>^ nqonov. — - "Kxp fyov, so. 

flivro^ referring to ol Kvoov Soxovvrtov h nelga ytviaO-ai, § 1. Igymv 

is constructed with (piXofiaO-fotarov and fifXtrtigoratov. S. § 185. 
To^ixfjq and dxoPTtatfaq are in apposition with l^gyenv. 

6. 'Entl Si rff riXixttf tnQfnty but when he flourished', bloomed 
in age = when he was old enough (to engage in hunting and other 
manly exercises) The age to which allusion is Ket^ tcaAj^ -wwk 

114 NOTES. [Book t 

eighteen, at which time the boys were numbered among the 
ffprifini, Cf. Cyr. I. 2. § 9, et eeq. intl S^ answers to nqOtwf /•>», 

§ 2. xa* — 7roT>, artd once. See N. on I. 5. § 7. int 

ffjfonftt'rtjry rushing upon him, frgiatp, 1 aor. act. of rg^u^ 

ra fthr fna&tv = he received those 'wounds. This appears from 

the next clause. rdXaq^ at length. Cf. S. § 124. 1. ntd to* 

T^iWToi' (nvrni potj&riaarra noXlolq fiaxagiaror i7ioCr,(r§Vj yet he made 
'he (nie, uhojirst came to his assistance^ (to be pronounced) happy bi 
many (in consequence of the gifls which he received from Cyrus) 
Cf. N. on I. 7. § 4 (end). 

7. nlq xa&Tfxfif ithose duty it is tiq KaaxaXov TtfStov. Cf. N. 

on I. 1. § 2. Ttful TtXftarov /ro^olro, he regarded it of the highest 

importance. Mt (§ 589. 5) says that the idea of avxt seems here to 

be implied in Ttigt, Cf. Vig. p. 253. III. tX tw aTtitaairo xcU «I 

Tw avvO-olroj if he made a treaty with any one, and if he entered into 
an agreement with any one. " Proprie anovdal inimicitias et bella 
componunt; avvd-Tjxai amicitias societatemque certis conditionibus 
paciscuntur." Krfig. For the form tw (= Tfy*)* c^« S. § 69. I ; for 

avvO-olto, cf. Butt § 107. III. 4 ; Thiersch § 12>. 8. firiShv tptv- 

Sta&ai is an accusative clause depending upon Ttoiolxo. Cf S 
§ 162. 3. 

8. Kai yoiQ ovf = <>ta roiko, wherefore, on which account. 

aitro) — invrgfTtofitvai, Leuncl. renders : qiuB erant ejus curse ere- 
ditee, i. e. which belonged to his satrapy. But not to speak of the 
article, which surh a rendering would require to be repeated afler 
noXfiq, reference ^s had here evidently to cities, which voluntarily 
placed themselves under the government of Cyrus. Cf. T. 1. § 6; 9. 
§§9, 12. The interpretation of Krftg. is therefore to be preferred 
ejus Jidei et imperio se committentes. So also Sturz and Poppo. 
ol arSotq. Repeat inirgiTiofitvoi. The sense is that the inhab- 
itants of these cities, as commimities and as individuals, confided in 

Cyrus. fX rtq. Cf. N. on L 4. § 9. ■ Ttaga taq a/rnrSaq, contrary 

to the treaty. anov9fi (from aTiivSw^ to pour), a libation. Hcrne 
fi7to9a(, a treaty or truce, as this was always made with Jbarionf^. 
Cf N. on VI. 1. § 5. 

9. To^Y^gnvv, therefore. According to Butt. (§149. p. 431) xm is 
ji ancient dative for xw , but is never used illatively except ii tiie 

strengthened forms rotyo^, xoiyagovv, etc. Cf. Mt §627. «< 

noXftq, i. e. al *TiMVixal Ttolnq (I. 1. § 6). fptvjropxaq, Cf. N. on 1- 

3 § 3. Ttgof'aO-oLt 2 aor. inf. mid. of TigoUift*, to give up, hetraf 

-^ • ^(po^avvxo ai*Toi'. They were probably afraid of being punish- 
a\, for having been confederate with Tissaphemes in banishing dieir 
hUow citizens. Cf. N. on I. 1. ^ 7. 

Chap. IX.] NOTES. 24£ 

10. «cU yag^ etefdm^ foT, ^YV iTttSttnnno xai fXeytf »• fgy^ 

insdtfxvvro xal Xoyw* ngooltoj St. avrovq^ i. e. the Milesian exiles* 

For the form Ttgooiro (2 aor. opt. mid. of Tigoirifit), cf. N. on aw&olro, §7, 

Bupra. 01*^ tl ?T* fi^v fiflovq yivntvxo^ not even if they should become 

still further diminished in number. Butt (§68. 5) says that fututv is 

employed for the idea both o^smallness and o{ fewness, tt^ dk 

xoU Hoxiov Tt^d^tiavy and should be even more unfortunate. xatx£^ 
nodtxia = dxvxifo. 

11. (f)av(^o<i d* TIP — vtx^v neigw/ifvoq' Cf. N. on dijXoq ^v dpiti" 

fievo<;fl. 2. § 11. roaovxov /govov ^fjv ^^t* vixwrjy thai he might liv^ 

so long as to overcome or tJiat he might live until he had overcome, 
" vixav seepe vim praeieriti habet." Kriig. aXt^ofitvoq = par pa- 
ri refer ens^ giving like for like, 

12. JiCa* yog ovv. See N. on § 8, supra. nXtiaxoi 6ri avxw x, t. ^ 

The sense is : there was no one man, at least of our times, to whom so 
many were ready to deliver up their treasures, cities, and persons, xm 
is a genitive of the whole after hi avdgl, Cf. Butt. § 132. 4. 2. a ; S. 
§ 177. 1. iff rifitov, in our time. Butt (§ 147. p. 412) says that inl rov 
often specifies a time by means of something contemporary, especially 
persons, xa ^avxaiv adfiaxa = their personal services, 

13. The fidelity of Cyrus to his friends, and his scrupulous regard 
for his word, having been descanted upon, the writer proceeds to no- 
tice his treatment of malefactors, and the honors and rewards which 

he bestowed upon the good. 01 fi\v 6^ ovdh, by no means, least oj 

all, xovx refers to the clause commencing with wq xovq xaxovg- 

yovc- — xaxayeX^v, sc. avTof>, to deride him (by escaping punish- 
ment). Schneid. supplies xviv v6fto)V, dtps^diaxaxa Ttdvxiav ixi/Ko^ 

gflxo, he of all (rulers) punished the most unsparingly. For the con- 
struction of Tidvxmp, cf. N. on xwv, § 12, supra. riv iSglv, one could 

see. For the construction, cf. N. on ^v Xafinv, I. 5. § 2. art- 

pofidvixq bSovqj public roads, literally, trodden (i. e. much frequented) 

ways, TtoSiav .... axtgov/itvovq. Punishment by mutilation is 

still practised in many of the Eastern countries. Buttmann (Cf. § 114. 
p. 301) would read axsgofitvovq, being deprived of, being without, when 
tlie state or situation of the subject as here, is to be expressed. Cd 
N, on III. 2. § 2. For the construction of axtgovft/vovq with the genitive, 

cf. S. § 181. 2. fyevfxo, it was in the power of onoi, Herm. 

remarks that " ndi and onoi denote motion towards a place, but Ttfi and 
oTtfj signify both motion towards the place, and rest in the place to- 
wards which the motion tends." Cf Vig. p. 153. f/ofrt o xi ngoxm- 

ffofti. Various interpretations have been given to this passage. 

Weiske translates: cum secum (Poppo, ita utsecum) haberei 


S46 NOTES. [Boos t 

qiddquid commodum est. So Sturz and Bornemann. Yet Schneider 
remarks of Weiske's interpretation; "hsec equidem non inteK 
ligc magis quam grseca," and adds, "mihi Xenophon de justa 
itiii43ris causa et honesto profectionis praetextu loqui videtur." The 
evident design of the writer was to show the resuh of Cyrus's 
severity, viz. tEe freedom of the country from thieves and robhere. 
In wliat better way could this be illustrated, than by saying & 
person, who did no injury on his route, could travel anywhere in 
eafety, and carry with him whatever he pleased ? But Schneider, 
whose interpretation Krilg. follows, makes it the grand condition of 
Bafety, that the traveller should have a good reason for pursuing 
his journey, which making the clause in a manner epexegetical of 
furiSH adtxori'Tt, is perhaps the true sense. 

14. /* limits the assertion here made to tovq aya&ovq eiq noXtfiov. 
— /itvtoi, yet J i. e. notwithstanding his severity towards malefactors, 

as just stated. nfiafSaq. Cf. I. 1. § 11. Mvaovq, See I. 6. 

§ 7. aiVo?, i. e. Cyrus in person. •: or? — toitrovt;. For the sake 

of emphasis or perspicuity, the proposition containing the relative ia 
often placed before the one containing the antecedent Cf. S. § 15Q 
i. ^s y.axfar(jf<pfxo /wfjaq = rfjq x^fi^ ^' Katiaxq^qitxo. Cf. N. 

on O <«/« OTT^XXTf I'^Ot, I. 2. § 1. 

15. (oati (fahtaO-au For the construction, cf. S. § 220. 1. 

tov<; d^ xaxoi;? SovXovq roinwv d^tovv, to wish the cowardly to he their 

slaves. Toiyai)ovv. Cf. § 9, supra. aq,&ov£aj properly, 

freedom from envy^ is here taken for that which removes envious feel- 
ings from the mind of the possessor, viz. abundance, — ainQ — 
Kv{iov. For the sake of emphasis, the pronoun is sometimes put be- 
fore the proper name to which it refers, when no ambiguity result* 
from the inversion. Cf ^31, infra ; II. 6. § 8. 

16. Elq Sixaioavvriv. 05 it respects justice. For the use of tiq by 

way of reference, of. Mt 578. 3. c. yt ftriv (r=^ porro. Sturz) 

serves here as a general connective. eX rtq. See N. on I. 4. § 9. 

For Tcq — rovrovq, cf. N. on I. 4. § 8. (parffjoq yhvoiro — fiovlo- 

ftgvoq, Cf N. on SfjXoq ^v avKaftfvoq^ I. 2. § 11. This construction occurs 
BO frequently as t^ require no further notice except in special cases. 

— fn:iSs(xvva&aij to show himself (a just man). Krftger says 
this verb is placed absolutely in the sense of se ostentare^ as in 

^lian, V. H. IX. 36, WdXrrjq *u4vriy6v(a intSftxvvro. tuqI nar- 

xoq. See N. on § 7, supra. ^x xov adCxov == adUm^, Cf. Mt § 574 ; 

S. § 124. N. 

17. Kal yoLQ ovp. Cf §§8, 12. atrf, a dative of the agent 

#«9j[rfe^^«ro is in the passive voice, having alia foi its subject Some 

Chap. DL] NOTES. 247 

make it in the middle, and treat aiftw as rbiundant xot, and espt 

daily. This force is given to noU by the preceding aXla. c rgattv* 

fAari a),fjd-i¥«, a true army, i. e. one which was brave, loyal, am under 
good discipline. Krug. msdtes odtjO-ivw = dixaOn^ and opposei to t^ 

i^aTTaTijTixo) xat 7tUovfy.rixoK /oiy^axwi', stipendsj service-iiii/ney- 

Sec N. on I. 4, ^ 12. ijiUvaar. Between Greece and Asia Minor 

lay the JEgosam Mare, which the Greeks were obliged to sail over. 

in order to enter the service of Cyrus. d)X fnfiy hut beccmas* 

See Mt § 618 ; Butt. § 149. p. 42a to noura /ttipa, tht mcnvthhf. 

18. *Alla fiiiv<y furthermore, t* aiTo; Tr^ocroe^ai^e xaXiiq v7tri{te* 

cijorftfr, served him well, when he commanded any thing (to be done), 
or more briefly, faithfvUy executed his orders. Notice that the protasis 
(S. § 213. R.) here takes the optative, and the apodosis, the indicative. 

Cf S. § 217. N. 4. axdinator, unrewarded. Compound adjectives 

in o? have only two endings. Cf. Butt § 60. 4 ; S. § 49. 2. — vn roy 
ca* navxhq fgyov, associates, aiders in every enterprise, 

19. (J/ continuative. duvov, active, vigilant. oixoromn, a 

m^inager of household affairs, B. steward ; "one who has authority 
over the slaves or servants of a family, to assign their tasks and 
portions, with which was also united the general management of 
accounts." Rob. Lex. Here the word is used in a wider sense to des- 
ignate the fiscal officer of a town or city, as a treasurer, qucestor. 

Ix ToC dixaCov = StxaCuq. xaraaxtvat^orrd rt iy? a^>;|fo» x^Q^ =^ **" 

tarrxfvd^ovtd tt rriv jfw^av -^c o^jlfo* (See N. on 1. 2. § 1), improving 
the country which he governed, t« — xat connect xaraaxtva^ovrd 
and notovrta (S. § 228. N. 4), while the preceding xal serves to 

connect these clauses to Sgiifov ovra oixovofiov going before. 

nQoqoSovq, revenue. Hesych. defines by xf()Sovq nQoq&tjxri ; Suidas, 

by flqq)0Qd, tXqodoq. av — dtpsCXfto. Mt (§ 599. a) says that 

av witli the imperfect indicative, expresses the repetition of an ac 
tion, a habit ; while the aorist denotes that the repeated action is al- 
ways completed in a single point of time. ravxriv rtip x^Q^** 
(Krilg. ti) is to be supplied with d(ps0.tto, which takes two accusa- 
tives. Cf S. § 165. 1. viStotq, gladly, cheerfully. a = ravta 

a, of which ravra is to be constructed with I'xQVTttfv, Cf S. § 165. 1. 

ffxnjta, very little = not at all, (pd-nrcUr "•— itfalvtto, Mt. 

(§ 549. 5) says that (paCpta&a^ in the sense of to seem, takes the infini- 
tive, but in that of to be manifest, the participle. toiq (pavtQuk 

nXovTovaiv is opposed to tw»' dnnxQVTttofiivmv. Treigmfitpoq, Sup- 
ply ((paWtro from the preceding member. xiav dnoxqvntofiipiav^ 

ixflviav oV dmxQVTirorto, sc, td XiiW^'^^' 

20. fPlXovq y« firiv oaovq 7ioir\aano, furthermore, as Tnany as he made 
friends. For the construction, cf. S. J 166 ; for the upc of the optative 

£48 NC i.-£8L [Book I 

cf. Ml ton. ) , Bntt { 138. N. 6 ; S. § 216. 2. Ixaroi's, suitable 

fit, e tk refers to TtQa/fiatoq understood (S. § 150. 5), limiting 

ewfgyt oq, &t{ian(VHv depends on nqatiaxo^, and has for its ob- 
ject Tr.i>Toi'c, the omitted antecedent of oaovq, Cf. N. on ovq — roi- 
Toi'«, j 14, supra. 

21. avro rovro ovTigg ai^oq ^vtxa (pCXutv ^eto delad-at wq ovvtgyoi% 
^jlfot. The order is, ai to tovto «q ?/o* awtgyovq {tovrov) ovTrtg tPixa 
•vTBq Mfto dila&ai (fO.ojv. Render, (it was) for this (purpose), thai 
he might have assistants^ &c. aiVo rovro refers to wq avvfgyoiiq *;^o«j 
and serves to qualify the clause Commencing with xa* ai'roc; (Cf S 
§ 167), as showing the end or object of the assiduity of Cyrus in assist- 
ng friends. xat avthq, (that) he also, toi'tov limits ovngyhq, 

22. tlq ys &v apriQ, Cf N. on § 12. Krug. thinks that air should 

>e rejected from the text. dta jioXXay sc, ditia^ for many (reasons)* 

3o Sturz. rgoTiovq, i. e. disposition, manners, habits, tastes, etc* 

23. dq 7t6XffA,ov, (of use) for war, viz. swords^ helmets, bucklers, 
&>c. So fiq xaXlwTtiafiov limits the other class of gifts to tunics, trow- 

eers, golden rings, chains, &c. vo/i^ot is here followed by two 

accusatives. Cf S. § 166. 

24. Tcc fttydXa (= /ifye&tb Siaqmv) vix^v tovq tfCXovq (v /rotovfro, to 
which the article to belongs, is the subject (S. § 159. 1) of iatt imder- 
stood (S. § 157. N. 10), ovdhp &avfiaatov being in the predicate. 
These words are found with a slight variation in. Cyr. VIII. 2. § 13. 
v^ iTtifitXftif, answers to the question 'wherein?' and limits to 
— TitQitivai, See Mt § 400. 7 ; S. § 107. 2. — t^ Ttgo&vfifXa&cu 
xagltfd&at, in his forwardness to oblige, a dative clause connected to 

tfj i7Zt^((Xf(u, tavra refers to to — Ttegitlvai Euid is used for the 

singular. Cf Mt. §472. 5. 

25 fntfiTif, tised to send, S. § 210. N. 2. -ifxcvq is defined by 

Hesycn., atdfivoq wta ?'/»*') cm earthemjar with handles, — For the 
construction ofoXvov fifiiSnlq, cf. S. § 181. 1 ;of oTfw ^TitTtyfot, cf S. § 195. 

1. toDtov ovv aot fnf/ixfjt. So compliments at the present time 

are usually presented in the third person. Notice the change to the 
orat, recta, — avp olq for aiv toxnoiq ovq, 

26. agrojv ^/ao«a. This construction of the adjective in the neux. 
plur. with the genitive of a masc. or fem. substantive, is said by Mt 

(§ 442. 4) to rarely happen. Cf S. § 177. N. 4. rovroii. S. § 179 

I. yfvaaa&ai, to taste. The middle with this sense is tlie more 

common use of y^uw, I cause to taste, 

27. ttfi — Mvaro, For this intermingling of the optative and in- 
dicative, cf Mt § 529. 5 ; Rost § 122. 1. 7. Mvaro is in the imperf to 
correspond with «Tij, which borrows its past tirre fiiom fyf'XtvF, Cf. S 
S 216. 3. ^*a TO noXXr^'^ f'^§iv v?r^<ra,» because he had many servants 

Chap. X.] NOTES. 849 
^fta T^y ini/iiXtiav Some Bupply tijv riav vntiqitiap^ others read 

tfiv{ka\nov) inifiiXetav, ButKrug. says: " durum est utruraque. Ego 

interpretor, propter cui im qua ei ut prindpi prospiciebatur,^^ 

»q — ayotaiv for wq aymti. This change of mood gives great beauty 

and vividness to the eXT^reggioji ^^ S. § 204. N. 1. nnviavrtq^ 

BC. ixelvo. referring to rolq i.tttoh, 

28. El di di^TTOTf, if at any time, whenever. f(e'X).oiep 6\ff9a&a§^ 

A periphrastic future. iaJtovSaioXoyelxo, he discussed importarA 

masters (with them). <w? SrjXoCri or? rt^^, in order to show whom he 

distinguished. Rost (Gram. § 123. 3.) says, " the indicative stands in 
a relative proposition, when the verb of the principal proposition is a 
preterite, present or future, and an event is expressed as definite and 
unconditional." ■ ■ i^ mv axovot = fx rovtoiv a dxovoi* For the accu- 
sative after dxovo), cf. S. § 179. N. 1. axovoi = dxtixoa, when the 
thing heard is so notorious, that it may be known upon inquiry, by 
any one at the present time. Cf. Mt. § 504. 2 ; Krug. N. on this 
word. Construct ovdf'va with ovtb 'EXXi^iwv ovzf pao^d^wv, 

29. TfxfiTiQiov S> with iatC omittted, is a proposition by itself. 

Sometimes as here it is accompanied by rodf, Ttagd fikv Kvqov k. 

T. X. Mt. (§ 630./.) says that ydg in the new proposition after nxfiif- 
Qtov Se, ari(Atiov d>, etc., is sometimes wanting. See Butt. § 151. IV. 
6. dovlov ovroq, Cf. I. 7. § 3. ovroq, i. e. Orontes. Hutch- 
inson erroneously refers it to the king. ov (= ixtlvov or) refers to 

the person, to whom Orontes intrusted his letter to the king. Cf I. 

6. § 3 Tcaoct d^ fiaijiXfMq x. t. X, Cf I. 7. §§ 2, 13 ; 10. § 6 ; II. 

1. § 6. xal ovroi ftfvrni, and those too. — — ai* — Ti/y/avftr, they 

would obtain, Cf Mt. § 598. 1 ; S. § 220. 3. 

30. xal TO — yivofitvov, and that which took place, is the subject, 

and fiiyo, texfiriQtov, the predicate, of this proposition. xgCvuv^ to 

select (with discrimination and judgment). 

31. ol TtaQ ahxGv, Schneid. conjectures that it should read ol 7r«- 

1^1 avTov. vn^ KvQov^for Cyrus, i. e. in his behalf, on bis side. 

— fx*^ *^^ '^^ atgavivfta nav^ with the whole army also. 


1. ^Xptav&a dtf la here a formula of transition from the eulogy U> 

the narration, which is resumed from chap. VIII. cbrorZ/iycTM. 

Plut (ArtELX. 13) says, " according to the law of the Persians, the 
right hand and head were mt off, and Artaxerxes, having otdftx^S^ 

P50 NOTES. [Book f 

.^f^ iiead to be brought to mm took it by the hair, which was long and 
tjiick, und showed it to the fugitives." — (iMuxo)!/ ftanCnrtu The 
"fiingular is employed here, because (Jaadsvq is the princij al subject 
So /?oaoi()a? fih' orv xal to TtXtjO-oq fvO-vq oivw — ir{>o.7ifTo^ Thuc 

IV. 112, I'jrai'To*, stanvd their ground. axqaxojiidovy i. e- 

the place where the baggage, beasts of burden, attendants, &c., ot 

the army remain i»d during the fight. fiq thv ara&fiwj i. e. the 

place where tliey had encamped the preceding night. 

2. For the signification of xai after tcx t« aXXa noXXa^ cf. N. on !• 

9. § 17. Ttiv 'i'oiyalda, th PhoccBan, Her name was Milto, but 

Cyrus called her Aspasia, V;;;cause she resembled in wit and beauty, 

the celebrated mistress of Pericles. rijv — Xtyofi^vtiv = ixeCvrjv ij 

Uf'yfTn (S. § 140. 3) of which equivalent, ^y.^fyri is in apposition with 
naXlaxlda. orofT/i', wise^ intelligent. So Hesych. defines aotpoq 

3. 'H 6h A/i/.A/o/a. "Hujus nomen ignoramus nisi forte ^ MiXtiaia 

in proprium ces? it." Weiske. Cf. V. 2. § 29. Krug. conjectures 

that fi vfo)Tfoa is spurious. Y^'H^k-i ^« ®' having nothing' on but the 

tunic, which fitted close to the body. " sine veste exteriore." Poppo. 
— — TiQoq xMv'EXXriviav. Schneid. with Weiske makes this stand for 
wpo5 TO Twi' 'EXXrivatv ariiatoTTidov, Muret and Steph. supply ara&-fi6p. 
It is better however, with Born, and Krftg. to make 7tQo<: twv'EXXtivwp 

ot= TiiJoq Toinovq toiv 'EXX'^%wv oV. stands 

for avtira^d/MVoi. oi d^ xal aiiwv^ i. e. the Greeks. tainr^ 

refers to ^ MiXrj^jCa. ivtoq aiVwr, within their ranks. Sturz and 

most of the German editors translate in castris eorum. Hutch, takes 
ivroq as absolute, and connects avriav with ;if^if/iaTa, a construction too 
forced and unnatural to be admissible. -• — famaar. The repetition o( 
this word shows the completeness of the act spoken of. 

4. 6t.f(fxop aXXriXM', were distant ftvm each other. For the con- 
struction, cf Mt. § 354. a. ol *'EXXfirtq refers to the mam army of the 

Greeks. — ^ — o^ fihv, i. e. the Greeks. " Sic sa^pissime Grseci o /i/f ad 
propius, 6 S> ad remotius nomen referunt" Krflg. So the Latins 
sometimes employ hie — ille for ille — hie. Cf. And. and Stod. Lat» 

Gr. § 207. R. 23. w? ndpraq vixiarTtq, as if they had conquered 

all (the enemy), whereas the right wing of the king's army was vic- 
torious. ol d^ refers to paaiXivq. sc. of aiiv avtw. wq ^Sri nap' 

ttq vixwfTfqy as if they weie all conquer ers. whereas, their left wing 
was fleeing before the victorious Greeks. 

5. ^ ai», on the other hand, Tiaaaq>^Qfovq. For the construe 

Uon, cf. S. § 179. N. 2. «^— to xa&^ avtov^ sc. ar^wtevfta or /i/i^oo 
— nXfjaiaCratoq. Cf. I. 8. § 4. It speaks highly for the disciphne 
vf the Greeks, i^'^t in the pursuit the original order of battle was not 

Chap X.] NOTES. ^} 

essentially distuibed. ft Ti^'ftitoi^p. la past actions ti, icheiher 

cakes the optative without av, Mt. § 526. agi^^ovre^ = ^ofi^^aoih- 

rf5, to succor^ to defend. For the construction, cf. S. § 222. 6. 

6. 'Ev roinw (sc. tw xi^^^V^ Mt. §577. 2), in the mean time* — — «f 

idoxet^ IS t be taken with ojtia&tr. avargafpfvrfq, having closed 

up their runksj which had probably become somewhat relaxed in the 
pursuit Hesych. defines avargwpivrtq • ovps),9-6vtfq. Phavor. says^ 
^varQ^cpoPtcu ol tfrgobrioirai^ iTtfidav vTto rSv noXf/jiCwv axfSaa&/vTtq 
tivO-iq TtfigaO-mat, atQftpfaO'au Schneid. from the Paris and EtonMSS. 
edits argacpfmq. So Dind., Bom., and Pop. But the idea of facing 
aJbout^ as Kriig. observes, " et sponte intelligitur et verbis naqiartvar 

Zoyto — Sf^ofifvot significatur." naQiaxivd^iovTo «? tavtri ngoqioT' 

rof hcti St^6fieroi<f in the expectation thai the king would advance in 
this direction (where the Greeks were halting), prepare to receive 
(him). For this use of «*;, cf N. on 1. 1. § 10 ; 4. § 7 ; of ravri/, see 
<S. § 123. The common reading ngoqiovtiq, is pronounced by Zeun* 
eo be without meaning. As instances in which xal connects partici*- 
pies having different cases, Krug. cites Herod. VI. 126, *0kvfi7iC&9 
iovxtav xaX v^xAv ; Thucyd. VIIL 106, oupixofiivriq tijq ve^q xal — axov- 

aavttq, ^ dk 7iaQ^X9-ev ?f« rov tvwvvfiov xeQaroq^ ravrfj xal cwrijyot- 

rtv, but in the same direction in which he came (viiz.), witTumt the left 
wing (of the Greeks. Cf. I. 8. o 23), he also led (his forces) back. For 
the adverbial pronoims ^ — tat>tt}^ cf. S. § 123. The Greeks 8U|^)06ed 
thai the king would march directly against them, but instead of in- 
dining to the river, as he must have done in that case, he took the 

same line of direction in which he first came to battle. avroiw- 

?,fiaarttq. When the battle turned so decidedly in favor of Cyrus, a* 
it did at first, great numbers probably deserted what appeared to be 
the hopeless fortunes of the king. Cf N. II. 1. § 6. 

7. This section, with the following one, is parenthetic, being insert- 
ed in order to explain how it happened, that Tissaphemes hau joined 
the king. It commences therefore with yag Ulustrantis (See N. <H1 

I. 6. § 6). <nfv6S(p, encounter, Sn^Xaat, he charged through* 

The hght armed troops of the Greeks, were posted with the Paj^la-' 
gonian horse (Cf I. 8. § 5) upon the extreme right of the army, i ^. 
a{)on the bank of the river. Hence in making his charge through (Kd 
Giecian ranks^ Tissaphemes wisely shunned an encounter with the 

Leavy amied, by keeping close to the stream. avtoi>q, i. e. Tisssr 

phemes and his bEuid. Cf N. on ol ^*, § 4, supra. ipgoviftoq. By a 

skilful separation of his lines, Episthenes not only lost none of hm 
men in this desperate charge of Tissaphemes, but was even able to 
do mischief to the enemy. 

9 »q fitiov fx^v aTiijXXdyfij inasmuch as being worsted Kt, dcf^on^C)^ 

252 NOTEa [Book a 

(from the contest). avaat{f(fti. He had no dispositicn to pausn 

again through the Grecian columns. awrvyxdi'tt, falls in 

with, oftov^ together, in company, — ^— avpta^d/iepoi, in bat- 
tle array. 

9. 'Entl ^, btU when. The narration, interrupted by the digression 

respecting Tissaphernes, is here resumed. xaro, ojyposite to 

TO evwyv/jiov — x/^a$, the left wing, as the army was first drawn 

up (Cf. 1. 8. § 4)jbut now the right wing, in consequence of their having 
faced about to receive the king, who was coming up in their rear, 

/ifl TtQoqdyoifv, Cf. N. on 1. 3. § 17. m^iTtt v^avrtq. The 

verb nxvaata signifies to fold up, as a book, Luke 4: 20; ae clothes, 
Odyss. I. 439 ; to clasp the hands, (Edip. Col. 1611. Hence nsQintv- 
havTtq signifies having infolded == having surrounded; and avnnxva 

atiy TO xegaq, to extend (literally to unfold) the wing. noiijaa 

a&ai oma&tv rov Ttora/ior, to place (S. § 207. 2) theriverin their rear 
i. e. to form the line of battle parallel with the river. These evolu- 
tions were designed to prevent the left wing of the Greeks from being 
surrounded, had such been the intention of the king. But doubtless 
nothing was farther from the thoughts of the king, than hemming in 
a body of men so formidable. £is the Greeks. His intention evidently 
was to gain a position between the Greeks and his capitol, to which 
he could retreat in case the enemy were victorious. 

10. *Ev 0, (sc. /^ovw, Mt. § 577. 2), whilst. xal dij (= rjSri. So 

Hesych.), forthwith, immediately. The sense is, that while the 
Greeks were deliberating in respect to a change of position, the king's 
movement was such, as to render the contemplated evolutions 
unnecessary. naga/iettpoifAfvoi; = Ttagsl&tav^ hamng passed by the 
left wing (now the right wing) of the Greeks. So Kruger and 
Poppo. But Hutch., and with him Zeune and Sturz, connect 
TtaQafitttffdfjisvoq with rtjv q)dXayya, and render : phalangis forma in 

eandem (quam prius habuit) permutaia. %h to aith axfjf*» xa- 

tiatijatv ivavrtav rrjv tpdXayya woTzeg to nqHtov fiaxovfttvoq avvjin, 
having drawn up his army oppose (to the Greeks), in the same order 
in which he first came to battle, tott^wtov. Cf. S. § 141. N. 1. For 

the construction of (laxovfitvoq, cf. S. § 222. 5. noXv fn ngo- 

&vfAottqov, with much greater ardor. They had learned ihe weakness 
of the enemy. 

11. ^ av, but again. So Phavor. al, ndUv, al^iq oint idtx^v 

CO, did not receive them, i. e. did not stand to receive the attack of the 

Greeks, but turned the back and fled. ^x nXiovoq, sc. Siaatt!fia>' 

roq,from a longer distance, i. e. the distance between them and the 
Greeks, when they began to flee, was greater than in Jie former en- 
gagement, which is equivalent to saying, they fled soor. ;ir than before 

Chap. X.] NOTES. 253 

12. vTi^Q, over^ above. Tft^-otpoq, an eminence, a, hill. ^<p 

oi'j upon which, avtatQWfriaav, they (halted and) faced iiboiU, 

Poppo says, ^^avaatqiiptaO-ai, et commorandi et se convertentii no 
tionem habet" So also Weiske and Krtig. translate : conversi stelt- 
runt. It is difficult to see how Schneid. could render this passage, as 

he has, ad quern collem conversi infugam profecti eranl, of a^- 

(pi ^atukta. Cf. N. on 1. 8. § 1. nt^ol fihv ovx hi, not the infantry, 

(literally, ?io longer on foot,) i. e. tlie infantry decamped, and the cav- 
alry alone occupied the hill. Weiske explains &att to notovfit' 

•Of firj yiyv(aaxfiv, ut GrcBci non possent intelligere quid pedites post 

collem agerent. int n4Xxriq, Dindorl adds, Inl f lUov, in place oi 

which Hutch, suggests inl ivarov. Render inl ntXtriq avatttafiivov, 
<with its wings) extended upon a spear, 

13. Sri ''**• S®® -N. on § 10. Toy X6<por, i. e. the yriXofpoq spo- 

ien of in the preceding section. ofAAo^ aXXo&tv, some in one 

direction and some in another, or as we say, helter-skelter, Sturz re- 
marks that dXXo&tv seems to be put here for aXXo&i. But Krug. 
makes the places roimd about the hill, the stand-point of observation, and 

paraphrases : aXXoi, aAAo^ji' ^X&ov Xftnovrtq thv Xofpov, iyjiXov^ 

ro ^ b X6q)oq Twf Inntiav, The gradual decrease of numbers on the 
aill, until it was entirely deserted by the king's troops, is finely ex- 
piessed in this and the following clause. So Lion remarks, " verbum 
XiCnovai initium fugse, iipdoi^o ulteriorem progressum, et tf'Xoq finem 

14. inl Tov X6(fov, upon the hill = up the hill, vno aiftov, 

under it = at the foot of it. So Mt. (§ 593. c.) says that sometimes 
vTto is found with the accusative, in answer to the question * where V 

vTi^i) rov Xofov = iTtt rov Xocpov, upon the hill, t( iativ, sc. 

raira, Cf Mt. § 488. 7. 

15. Kci*, and so. am xydroq, Cf. N. on I. 8. § 1. ^xtSof 

ft oTf tavta fiv xal riUoq idvfto, and the sun was nearly setting when 
these things took place. Cf Mt. § 620. a, 

16. &f\ufvoi Tot oTtXa dvfTtavovro. Hutch, translates: sub armis 
conquiescehant (Cf Cees. Bel. Civ. I. 41), rested under arms. This is 
evidently the sense, as the army halted only for a few moments, while 
the leaders consulted in respect to the place of encampment for the 

flight. naodri is adopted, on the authority of Schneid., by Dind.. 

Bom , and Kr(ig., for the common reading nagfiti. But inasmuch a? 
na'jifvai corresponds with Tttfjinoi (II. 1. § 2), better than naQii^cu, 
Po»)po thinks that if the vulgar reading is lo be changed, (which he 
(it ems unnecessary, the indicative and optative being frequently 

in ermixed, Mt. § 529. 5 ; Rost § 122. I. 7,) it should be naQloi. 

jq6*€%¥ avtov tt^frixora t=. ^Stnav on avtoq irt O-v^xt^, Of. Ml. ^^^A ^ \ 


264 NOTES. [Book I 

S. § 222. 2. — — — eXxaiov, they conjectured, r xataXtitpo^fvov n tiqo- 

tXriXaxfvai, or that he had gone forward to htkke possestnon of sonu 
post or fortress. 

17. xal answers to oifia fi^v^ § 16. avtov. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 11. 

S6(^t7it}<jroy, supper time. So Hesych. defines SoQitiatot; (as it ia 

fiometinies written), woa tov Silnvov, 

18. aXXwv x<jt]itoiTo)r. Cf. N. on I. 5. § 5. «? rt = o t*, what- 
ever. Cf. N. on I. 4. § 9. xai ratfraq, even these. The pronoun 

is employed here, because taq afid^aq, to which it refers, is separated 
by intermediate clauses from Sitionaaav upon which it depends. Cf. 
S. § 149. N. 3. 

19. laart introduces the consequence of what has just been detailed. 

— drd^Horrot, without dinner nglv yttg 6ri xaraXvavu «o at^ 

ttvfia rn^o^ oQiatoPy for before the army halted for dinner. 

CHAr.' 1.1 KOTEa 268 

BOOK 11. 


1. *Jlq fthp oIp, how^ by what means. The exordium of most of the 
following books, contains a similar recapitulation of preceding events 

— 4{9-Qo£a&'ti KvQw to ^EXXrjvixhv ==: KvQoq tjS'Qoiai to EkXrivixoP* 

' oTiott, when. Cf. S. § 123. avoSo) = drafidafi. Cf. N. on 

uva^alvti, I. 1. § 2. The dei^cent to the sea-coast is ccJled (V. 5. § 4) 

KO^dpoujiq, Cf. II. 5. § 22. — ^ iXd-ovTiq = dviX9-6mq. ixop' 

fifj^-rjaav = tijv vvxra Sity^povro, I. 10. § 19. — Ttdvra vtx^v, "In 
consequence." says Mt. (§ 409. 3), " of the phrase ftdxia&at ftdxti^j 
the place of the conquest, or the nature of the combat, is put in the 
accusative with the intrsuisitive vtx^v, to conquer, Cf. S. § 164. N. 2. 
tw ¥/i7ZQoa&iv, Cf. S. § 141. 1. 

2. "Afia S^ tfj fffi^Qo^ as soon as it was day, at day-break. Cf. N. 
on I. 7. § 2. aij/iavoiivra, fut. part, of arifiaCvm. For its construc- 
tion, see S. § 222. 5. ''ESo^ev ovf avroTq. See N. on 1. 2. § 1. 

avaxfvctaa/i^poiq and i^oTiXiaafi^poiq belonging to the omitted subject 
TT^oifVa*, are put in the dative by attraction (Cf Rost § 127) with 
avtoiq, to which the subject of the infinitive refers. This kind of 
attraction is sometimes omitied, jjb in S(vC(f .... rixfi^v jitcQfiyyeiXt Ao- 

popra rovq &»d(}aq, I. 2 § 1. a it/ov ssstaifta d (2xov» llmq 

KvQM avu/il^iia^^ until they should join Cyrus. Mt. (§ 522. 1) saya 
that if the principal action is past, tiaq afler preteiites takes the opta- 
tive without dv. 

3. "Hdri dk iv oQfifj ovrmv = butjust OS they were ready to march: 
literally, but when they were in motion (to depart). For the omission 

of the subject of oi'toii', cf. N. on I. 2. § 17, y^yorw? dnh Jafiotgdr 

€ovj being a descendant of Damaratus, For the time of yfyovtiq 
(2 perf part of yfypofia^), cf S. § 209. N. 4. For the manner in which 
Damaratus was defrauded of the kingdom of Sparta by Cleomenes 

Bee Clas. Diet rXovq. Cf S. § 46. N. 4. t^&prixtp, was 

dead: properly, is dead (S. § 118. 0), but as it is used for T«^ifxo# 
(S. § 216. N. 5), its time m determined by the context (^. \^^^ W 

266 NOTES. [Book II. 

mQfiwrro, The preceding day's-march was not completed in 

consequence of the battle, and hence the verb is put in the imperfect* 
■ A/yot, 8c. 'uiQtaloq. ■ tfj dk ctAAi;, sc. ri/iigf^ borrowed from the 

preceding clause. amivai, — inl ^lotvlaq, he would return to Ionia 

«= he would set out for Ionia. <jpa6/, that he declared, affirmed^ 

a stronger expression than Xtyoi, Tavxa axovaavxtq, when they 

heard these things, Cf. S. § 222. 1. fiagfwq itptgov. Cf. N. on I. 

3. § 3. ^AXl* tucphU fi^v Kvijoq ^jjv, O that Cyrus were alive, wye- 

Xov, 2 aor. of ofptllw, always expresses a wish, and with the infinitive 
is frequently preceded by the particles w?, ti ya^, eX&t or dt&f. See 

Butt. § 150 p. 43"^ ; Mt. § 513. Obs. 3 ; S. §§ 118. : 217. N. 3. 

fl/iflq yi, = whatever may be the result of the engagement in other 

parts of the field, we at least, &c. Cf N. on I. 3. § 9 (end). d 

l^ti v/itlq ijiO-ftt, i7zoQ(v6fitO-a, unless y&uhad come we should have 
marched. For the use of the indicative in the protasis, and with w 
in the apodosis (S. § 213. R.), when both are past actions, cf Mt 

§ 508. b ; Butt. § 139. 9. 4 ; S. § 213. 5. tov paaanov xaO-ifU 

awTov, tfiat we will place (literally, cause to sit, S. § IIP ^a^^w) him 
as king. For the construction, cf S. § 166 ; for the lorm of xad-i fir, 

cf. S. § 102. N. 1. Ttav yccQ rriv fidxriv vixwvtthP mai to dfJXfiv iatt 

for it is the right of those who gain the battle to rule also, or more 
briefly, the right to govern belongs to the conquerers. For the con- 
struction of Te5»' — nxftirrwr, cf. S. § 175 ; of /^dxijv, see N. on § 1, su- 
pra. Dindorf from the Vat and Eton MSS. reads /ta/i;, but ftdxipf 
is justly preferred by Born., Pop., and Krflg. 

5. T0'6g dyyiXovq, i. e. Procles and Glus. avro? 6 Mf'vojv, Me- 

mm himself i. e. of his own accord. So Sturz, *• sua sponteJ^ 

ipovkfto, sc. h'vai. ^ivoq. Cf. N. on I. 1. § 10. 

6. 7if(jth/iifvf. The Eton MS. has TifQUfieivf, which Bom. follows, 
but Belf well remarks, " the end of the expectation is not yet seen, 

as it would be in ntQu'/jtHve. ijroo^fTo airov, procured for itself 

provisions. Cf S. § 207. 1. xoTtTovrtq takes the gender implied 

in at(j(XTtvfia with whic** .« agrees (S. § 137. N. 2), and is put in the 

plural because its noun is a collective one. Cf. S. § 137. 3. <fa' 

kayyoq in here used of an army nxm instructus. KrClg. makes 

ov = ixflae ov. For the relative adverb ov, cf. S. § 123. ripdy^ 

Ka^or. Cf. N. on ^aar, I. 1. § 6. ixfidXXnv, so. ix twp ;?**{?•*• 

So Born. " Sed cum*' pays Kriiger, sagittas non manibus tenerenu 
no^itare mallem ^x tiav cpaQentoiv.^^ When the Greeks charged the 
left wing of the king's army, it would appear that many came over 
from tlie enemy without striking a blow. These deserters, being com- 
peUed to throw down their weapons, in order that they might be de- 
prived of the power tx> do harra^ passed into the rear of the Gref k 

Chap. JL] KOTES. 2B^ 

army, where they weie ibund and retaken by the lung, when he ap 
proached the Greeks, w? Mxei oma&ev (I. 10, §6), The fact thai 
these deserters were reunited to the king's army, is enough to show the 
incorrectness of interpreting ixfidXXeiv, to pull otU^ sc. from the ground. 

9«V*<'^»*) ^o carry away (for fuel). This verb, which Muretua 

omits, is to be constructed with ndXtai^ as well as with afta^ai. If^ff 

fioi^ empty ^ their contents having been plundered by the king's forces. 
Cf I. 10. § 18. Some with less reason refer it to the waggons, whose 
draught animals had just been slaughtered for food. 

7. n).riO-o\mav uyin^av. Cf. N. on 1. 8. § 1. ivtC/mai IJfwi'. Cf. 

N. on I. 1. § 5. TiQoqfTto^lro. he pretended^ claimed to himself. 

The impUcation is, that he was far less skilled in the science of mili- 
tary afiairs than he claimed to be. For the construction of im- 

atfifAtav — Twi', cf. S. § 185. ct^tyi = pertaining to. rot^cft^, 

tactics, i. e. the arrangement of troops in the various orders of battle. 

oTtXofiaxCav, exercise of arms, especially, as the etymology ol 

the word shows, of those weapons used by heavy-armed soldiers. 

8. insl vixtav rvyxdt'ft, since he happens to he victor == since by the 

fortune of war he is victorious. &v{)aq, Cf. N. on I. 9. § 3. 

svQlaxia&ai (i. e. nu^daO-at evghxfaO'at. So Kruger) is here in the 
middle voice with the signification, to find for one^s self = to acquire 
obtain, and is used transitively (S. § 207. 2), having for its object a 
T* (= o ri, whatever) Svrojvtat dyaO-ov. Cf. S. § 162, 3. Svvotvtou, 
8C. tvglaxea&ai, borrowed from the preceding clause. Sturz supplies 
axgdrtfivy and renders, efficere possint, 

9. ^agftaq fikv r^xovaav, heard with indignation, or* ov xmv 

viKwvriav fXr} rd onla naoadidovat,, " thai it was not for conquerers to 
surrender their arm^P Felton. For the construction of %!av vixwh- 

xiav, cf. N. on § 4, supra. See also S. § 140. N. 3. xdlharov t« 

xcc^ dgiazov, A common formula signifying, according to the con- 
nexion in which it stands, what is good, honorable, becoming, fit, &c 
Here it denotes that which is conducive to tlie general mterests of the 
army. "xaP.o? xal aya^oi; proprie dicitur sic, ut dya9-6q ad animi 
virtutem et probitatem pertineat, xakoq autem ad actiones externgis, 
etiam ad generis nobilitatem, divitias, valetudinem, et alia talia refera- 

tur." Sturz. td Itgd i^jjQTjfifva, the entrails which hadbeen taken 

d(ul (cf the victim). This sentence is parenthetic. 

10. nofq^vxaxoq «V. It is probable that Sophsenetus was absent 

from this conference), since he is said (V. 3. § 1 ; VI. 5. § 13) to be the 

oldest of the generals. nooaS-tv — r,, before — that, sooner — than* 

— alxii. Cf. xtXivfi, nagadovtaq td onla, § 8, supra. tl dti 

^wtop cUttiv; ^= ov Sgl avTov ahilv. For the construction of t^ cf. 

S §167. R. >cx* 01 (Kriig. dX: ov) Xa^Hv n&ovta, and tiftv 


268 NOTES |-Boam U, 

rather io come ahd take them (by force). Xciptlr is opposed to olrtTr 

tC farai toTc; at gar tfarai(;^ whai reward the soldiers shaU Tiave 

(in return for their arms). 

11. ConsCniCt avtw with avtinoitlrau Ifiaq iavrov ervat, tha* 

you are his, .. e. his servants, property. irro<:, wiihin, i. e. en- 
closed by. oaov ovd* si naQexoi vfiXv St'ivaiaO-' aV anoxxtivm, 

more than you could kill, if he should even deliver them up to you : liter- 
ally, as many as you could not kUL &c. 

12. ©foTTo/tTTo?. Some MSS. have Stro<pMv, which Hutch, and 
fiHrUg. have followed, but QfonofiTtoq has the sufi'rage of the most judi 
cious critics in its %vor, and is best sustained by manuscript authority. 

a()«T% valor. Construct av with xQV^^<*h ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ next 

ay with arefjfiO'fjvcu, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 19. arfgri&ijvai,. Supply 

9l6/ie&a from the preceding clause. Mri ovv oXov, think not then. 

For the construction, cf. S. § 218. 2. fj/idq understood is the sub- 
ject of na()a6(a(jfiv, avr toi'To*?, sc, oTikoiq, • ntgl raiv v/ier^gt»9 

aya&Sv uaxox fii&at i. e. so far from giving up what we possess, it is 
our intention to acquire by conquest all your possessions. 

13. q>i,koa6q>io, i. e. says Kruger, aSoXtaxovvxt a ri aAi^^fioe iXiy/tt 
Reiske, cited by Born., appends to q)iXoa6(f>w : quia scepius to aya^hv 

crepabat et tijv aotti^r. fotxaq, you resemble, 2 perf. of ttxtf, 

with the signification of the present. Cf. S. § 209. N. 4. w vea- 

vtaxf, O young man. Phavorinus defines vtavioxoq * cxtto ir£v tXxoai- 
tqiStv llwq it(av xQuxxovra tiaadgwr, ij tfaaagaxoPta hoq, ERppocrates 
assigns it to the fourth place in his seven ages, and extends it to the 
thirty-seventh year. Xenophon was upwards of 40 years old at this 
time, yet if MS. evidence would permit the substitution of his name 
instead of GfOTzo/uroq, his age would be no valid objection, since hi« 
personal appearance, described by Laertius, tvuSiatatoq fiq imtg^oXijv, 
beautiful to an eminent degree, might lead Phalinus to suppose him 
younger than he really was. Sturz regards vtavCaxt in this place, as 
an ironical or contemptuous epithet = rash, unskilful. So Hesych. 

defines viavCaxoq • vrimoq. Xa&^ — wr. Cf. N. on 1. 10. § 16. 

dfd>/To?, literally, without understanding, = foolish, simple. But lesi 
this should seem to make Phalinus utter an offensive sentiment, which 
would not promote the object of his mission, it may be remarked, that 
uvotiroq, ftojgoq, etc., were by no means as harsh epithets with the 
Greeks as they are with us. 

14. vTTofiaXaxil^o^fvovq, gradually softening. The hopes of the 
Greeks, so suddenly crushed by the imtimely death of Cyrus ; their 
great distance from home ; and their destitution of the means of sub- 
sistence, must have depressed to a greater or less extent, the mindfi 

0f allf especially those >f a more timid or despondent temperament 

Cha» l] notes. 25P 

— — we ««J — x*^) ^ — 80 also. The first xa* of this formula is paeon- 

astic, 60 far as its translation into English is concerned (Cf. Mt. § 620 

b) ; the latter xal z=r^ burw (See Mt. § 620. d. 2). noXXov a^fto«. 

very tuteful. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 12. iXzf *lV, whethet — or 

aXXo T», in something else. For the construction, cf. S. § 167. 

&tXni. Krug. edits ^ovXftat, but apart from the MS. authority 

in favor of O-fkoi^ as denoting purpose or design its meaning is better 
euited to this passage than that of povUtai^ which is merely expres- 
sive of wish or inclination. Cf Butt. Lexil. No. 35. in AXyvTirop, 

Cf. II. 5. § 13; Diod. XI. 71. (jvyicaTaatQftpatrr ay avro;, they 

tcaidd assist him in subjugating it, i. e. Egypt Cf. N. on I. 5. § 7 

15. anoxtnQifiivoi. fhv has a middle signification. Cf. Mt. § 493. d\ 

Butt. § 136. 3. aP.Ao^ aXla Xfyfij one says one thing, another^ 

another. A/y?* takes its number from aPJ.o?, which is in apposition 
with owrot, the proper subject of the verb. Cf Mt. § 302. a. Ohs, 
Clearchus addressed his inquiry to his fellow-commanders, but Pha- 
linus apparently having become somewhat impatient and out of hu- 
mor witli them, does not wait for their answer, but asks Clearchus to 
deliver his sentiments. Whether he had more reason to be satisfied 

with the Spartan's reply, will appear in tlie sequel. ilnl rl 

>l*V«<{;, tell (us) what you have to say == declare your opinion in refer- 
ence to this matter. 

i6. oifififyoq = acffitPioq. Cf. Butt § 123. N. 3. ol akXoiy i, e. 

those, who were present at the conference. Supply aafitvoi ^tagdxaa* 

from the preceding clause. xai rifielq, sc. ''EXXtiviq ia/itv. 

Toororrot — oaovq, as many as ^= all whom. Cf. S. §73.1. 

toiovtotq <y> orT?5 Ttgdyfiaat^ being in such difficulties. " in quibus peri- 

cidis versati?'' Kriig. avftfiovXfv6fit&d aoi^we ask your advice. 

In the active voice, this verb signifies to give advice, in the middle, to 
rxmsult or ask advice. The Latins express this difference by considers 
alicui, and consvlere aliquem. ttiqI Sv = nigl rovtotv d. 

17. Ttiioq d'im'. Cf. N. on I. 6. § 6. xaXXiaxo^ xoel okqiarov. Cf, 

N. 5 9, supra. dvaXtyofuvov. This reading is adopted by Hutch., 

Dind., Pop., and Krftg., instead of oiv Xtyofitvov, which Weiske and 
some others prefer. Morus thinks it should read /^oi'or dnavxa Xiyofn- 
yor, to which conjecture, Bomemann says, the more frequently he con- 
siders the passage the more he is disponed to incline. As it respects 
the grammatical construction, it may be classed with the examples, 
which Ml. (5 564> calls nominative absolute ; but which Butt. (§ 145. 
xV. 7. 2) regards as accusative absolute, and may here be resolved bv 
oTi, or i/Ttidij wth the finite verb. Render liq rov tnura xQoyov (ira- 
Xtyofitrov^ when in after time it shall be repeated. Cf Mt ^ 56^ 

26C N0TK8. [Book II. 

8. § 158. N. 2. avfipovXtvofi^vmq avvfpovXfvafv. Notice the dis- 
tinction between the active and middle, referred to in the preceding 

18. ravra {/Trijy* to is thus peuraphrased by Kruger, " his dictis eum 
furtim ad suae rationes traducere conabaiur. The mind of Clear- 
chus was made up as to the demand of the king, and yet he wisely 
thought it advantageous, to draw from the emissary advice contrary 
to the terms of his commission. He therefore adjured him as a 
Greek to give such counsel, as would be honorable and befitting the 

present emergency. vTzoargftpaq, literally, Jvaving turned arowid 

= having eluded (the snare set for him). — natta rriv So^av at/rov, 
contrary to his (Clearchus's) expectation. 

19. fAfi 7ta(}aSiS6vou = f-n TtagaSovvat, Cf. Butt. § 137. 5 ; Mt. 

§ 501 ; S. § 212. 2. fajSt^ta — iknUy not even one hope^ opposed 

to T^v ftv(j(u}v iXnCSoiv fila of the preceding member. ad)^ttsO-cu, 

to save yourselves, Cf. S.§ 207. 1. onri Svvaxov^ in whatever way 


20. *^lXa ravra fi^v Stj av Itynq, =s well then, this is your advice. 
Butt (§ 149. p. 428) says that aXXd stands in an abrupt manner at 
the beginning of paragraphs, having somewhat the sense ol our 

feunihar expressions, well^ indeed, truly. nXdovoq — a|eot, worth 

more = of more value. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 12. Leonidas is said by 
Diod., to have given this truly Laconic answer to Xerxes at Ther- 

21. Phalinus now begins to change his tone. At first the Greeks 
are to surrender their arms, and go as suppliants to the gates of the 
king (Cf. § 8), but finding them resolute, he proposes, as the only 
condition on which peace will be granted them by the king, that they 

shall neither advance nor retreat, but stay where they are. 

avTov, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 11. mgl toitov, i. e. this mandate of 

the king. w? noXffiov ovxoq, that war is (determined upon by you) 

For the construction, cf S. § 192. N. 2. 

23. ov Suarifiavt, he gave no intimation. This dialogue between 
Clearchus and Phalinus is very amusing. The haughty message 
which the envoy first debvered, the lowering of his terms, when he 
found that the Greeks would not deliver up their arms, and finally his 
fruitless efibrts to obtain from Clearchus any intimation of his future 
design, are all sketched with lile and spirit We can readily (M)i» 
eeive, how crest-fallen the ambassador must have taken his leave. 

CmM9 II.] VOTES 261 


1. oi avp avt^f i. e. his colleagues in the embassy. ptXifovq^ 

■B higher in rank and influence, ovq oux av avaax^a&ai a^ro£ 

fiaadsvovToq, who would, not hear his being king^ or that he should he 
king. For the construction of ovq — avaax^od-at^cf, Mt. §538; of 
avaax^oS-ai airrov, S. § 179. 1. av^x^ad-aC xi^voq^ to hear any things 
as opposed to tittoia&'aC rtyos, to succumb to any thing, is placed by 
Mt (§ 358), under the head of " verbs signifying to surpass or to be 

inferior to, followed by the genitive." ijdri, forthwith, t^c 

rvxroq = TatVij? rrjq rvxroq, this very night, — — ame'vat has ai/toq 
(= lavTor, Cf S. § 158. N. 2) for its subject 

2. oTtdlov — T* = o Ti, whatever, 

3. fjSfj fiXlov dvvovToq, the sun now going down = it being now sun- 
set, 'Efiot — 0-vnufvw Uvxty as I was sacrificing in order to go» 

The infinitive here marks the end or purpose of the action expressed by 
&vofifV(o, Cf. Butt. §140.2; S. §219. 2. Prof. Felton renders: 
sacnficing to know whether or not to march. It was customary to 
perform a sacrifice for this purpose, before undertaking any military 
rfjxpedition. Krtiger and Poppo, after Schaefer, construe itvai. with 
fyCy ffTo ra Isoa. Supply xaAa, in ovx iytyvfro, from ndvv xaXa rifiiv 
ra h()a ^p at the end of the section. — fixorwq, rightly = with 

good reason. ovx iyiyveto. Repeat xaAa to Itgd, • av iittva^ 

fitO-a, For the optative, cf S. § 217. 2. fifv drj avtov ytjCer-' 

tainly hei^e ai least. ol6v rt. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 17. if'vai. 

Repeat i/iol &vo/itv(£. 

4. SiiTTpflv, sc. xQ^ from the preceding clause. tiq. See N. on 

I. 3. § 12. inndav S^ (ftifirivji rw xt'ijatv, " when the signal sJudl he 

given with the trumpet?^ Felton. (rvf^V'Tn sc. 6 aaXjiiyxtfjq, Cf. S. 

§ 157. N. 8. (2). wq dvaTtavfa&ai, as if to retire to rest. This 

was done in order to deceive the enemy, should any be lurking about 

jn the vicinity. avatl&ta&f, sc. ra axfvrj drawn from (n;orx*i;a^f- 

a9-f, ijtl Si Tw tqIxo}, sc. atifitloj, at 'the third ^vigneX), nqhq 

tov TTorafiov, next to the river, ra dk oxXa = tovq ih oTtXtra^, 

Cf. N. on I. 7. § 10. ?f w, i. e. outside of the baggage, which would 

thus be covered, on the one side by the river, and on the other by the 
neavy-armed men. 

5. xo XoiTiop (b dno TOV pvp, Phav.), from thi» tttne, for tht ^ 

S62 NOTES. [Book tl 

ture. Cf. Butt. § 150. p. 437. V'-^'X^^'i i- ^* ^'^ok the chief command 

oi''/ floftffotj i. e. not formally electing him. dV! hooirreqj 

but (they obeyed him) because they saw, &c. ^*T, sc. q>ijovnr. 

6. 'JuiO-fiu:; df rTjq 'tdov^ " mensura itineris?^ Sturz. ^f ^A^of, 

whicli they went. For the construction, cf. S. § 164. ■ rijs fi^xv^i^ 
I e. to the place of the fight So a;r6 t% /la/iy?, in the latter part of the 

section. Cf. V. 5. § 4. oxaOiiol r^fl? xal X. T. A. Only 84 stations 

and 617 parasangs are enumerated in the preceding book. Zeune 
i-»njectures that 9 stations, 18 parasangs, made by the Greeks from 
Ephesus, to Sard is, previous to their junction with Cyrus, are here 

included. rotaxonrtot. So Zeune, and after him, Dind., Bom., 

Pop., and JCrug., read instead of Totrxj^/Atot, which is irreconcilable 
with the statement of Plutarch, who makes Cunaxa, 500 stadia from 

8. Ttt TraQtjyytX/iitva. Cf. §4. supra. n^wxov araO-jtihr. Cf. 

II. 1. § 3. &tfffr(}i, sc. nl "EXlrivfq. For the construction, cf. N. on 

fiaxofifvoij I. 8. § 27. &ff(n'oi ra n7r).a. Cf. N. on I. 5. § 14. — ^— ft.^ 
rt — T*, not — and. When the second clause of this formula has its 
own verb, its meaning is affirmative, otherwise it is negative. Cf. 

Mt § 609 ; S. § 224. N. 2. nonqajftoaar, swore in addition, 

ArisBus and his party laid themselves under an additional obligation 
to act as faithful guides. 

9. o(fd^avr((; Taiu.ov x. t. ).. The custom of sanctioning leagues; 
treaties, etc., with the blood of victims, was universal among the na 
tions of antiquity. A notable instance is found in Gen. 15 : 18, whei 
God made a covenant with Abraham. Cf. also, Exod. 24: 3-8. Ii 
this compact between the Greeks and Persians, the sacrifice of thi 
wolf seems to h!»ve been peculiar to the latter, while the other three 

composed the suuvitavrilia of the Romans. ■ tlq daTrt^a, in a 

shield, Correspondmg to the boss of the shield on one side, wai 
a cavity on the other which here received the blood of the animals. 

pdntovtiq oi fi^v. The staining of their weapons with blood 

was a virtual imprecation, that their own blooa might thus stain the 
sword or spear, in case they violated the covenant Similar to this 
was a custom of the Chaldeans, which was the ground of the •ceremo- 
ny detailed. Gen. 15: 9-17. The parties to the *<*venant, having 
slain and divided the victims, placed the pnrts opposite ♦o one anoth- 
er. They then passed between the parts thus divided, saying, let it 
not thus be done to us, implying that if they werr faithless, they might 
justly be cut in pieces. Cf. Jahn Arch. § 383. 

10. "jiyt iij, come now, A formula of incitement 6 aiVo^ — 

vroloq. the same march, Cf S. § 144. — koX vfiiv, as to yaw Cf 
S, f228. N, 3. — r(va fvmfiriv ?/«*?, ^qucB ttux sententia est J" Sturr 

::haf. II.] NOiEs. 263 

&7ii/i(v, sc. odov to whicli fivTtti) refers. Foi tJic conslniction, 

cf. N. on ^v rilO-or, § 6, supra. 

11. "Hr fihv ijlO-ofifv dniovrgq. The order is dtioftsq (oJbf) ^i» 

flkd-ofAtP. See N. on ^V^A^or, § 6. v7tdQxei=iart. (.^onstruct'J^TrToe- 

)ta(6ty.a with iovxiq^ according to the rule (S. § 164) above referred to 

Krtig. attaches to ataO-ftoiv the idea of time. iyyvtdtm == iyyvrd' 

tiMtv. Cf. S. § 141. 1. ov$hv fi/ofifv Xafi^dvttv, i. f. oifJ^c tXxofitP 

mdct la^pdvfvv^ we had nothing to take = we could take nothing. Cf. 

S. § 219. 1 i^'/o)). (t Ti. Cf. N. on I. 6. § 1. xarf^aTrafifora- 

fifv, we entirely consumed, xard in composition signifies, exhaustion^ 

consumption^ etc. Cf. Vig. p. 246. fiax^ort(jav, sc. o66v. Cf. S. 

§§140. N. 5: 164. 

12. lIoQivxiov d* vfiiv, Cf. N. on axeTittop tlvai^ I. 3. § 11. — — 
Construct ara &■ ft nvq, which here signifies the distance passed ove^ 
(See N. on I. 5. 7), with notjfvreov (S. § 164), which is followed by 

the same case as its verb. Cf S. § 162. 2. wqnUlarovj as far as 

VOSSible. ovx Xrt ^i] dvi'rjTai, ^aaihvq rifidq xaraXa^tlv^ ^' the king 

will no longer be able to overtaKe ws." Fehon. drvi/Tot* is here put for 
Sin>rimrai. Cf. S. § 215. N. 3. The double negative oi* /cij, is used 
with the future indicative, or with the subjunctive, in denials referring 
to the future; while ^trj nv is usually constructed with the infinitive. 

Cf. Butt. §§ 139. 4 : 148. N. 6 ; S. § 225. 2. anavul. Cf. N. od 

xad-iilv, II. 1. § 4. 

13. 'Hy 6* avrrj ti nnjurtjyCa ov6>v dkXo dvva^evtj ij dTZodgarat 
ilj dnocf^vyfir^ this strategy had nothing else in view than to 
escape by secret or open flight ^v — dwafifvri = iStraTo, Cf, 
N. on I. 2. § 5 (end), or onxriyla^ the plan of conducting the army. 
For the distinction between dnoditdrai, and dnofpvytlv^ cf. N. on I. 4. 

§ 8. xaAAtoy, more honorably, Cf. S. § 124. 2. iv Se^t^ ?/oi^«5 

Tov rihov. By this it appears that their course was northerly. 

loyi,1^6/i(voi, supposing. 

14. rdo^ai/ — oQifv, then thought that they saw. Cf. Butt § 140. 1 • 
S. 158. 2. 4^ 

15. "Ep c5 J^, but whilst, ( -f N. on I. 10. § 10. JCeei tv&vq fyP9f 

o%v X, T. ),. These sumpter horses betokened the proximity of an 
armed force, and as it was not likely that the king would divide hw 
army, they knew that he must be eutamped iyyvq nov^ somewhere 
near. xal ydg (*= yap, etenim) xetl, for also, introduces an addi- 
tional reason for theii conclusion respecting the nearness of the roy- 
al army. 

16. rjdii. ydo xai dTtfu^trixoTaq rolq atQAtnaraq, for he knew that the 
Moldiers were both exhausted. For the construction, cf. N. on fjdtaap 
«ivf<»v »f ^yi/xora, I. 10. § 16. a^rft^i/xoroc: perf. act. part, oi an:<k^^«i>'CiS2\ 

264 NOTES [Book U 

C3ed in tlie present This verb signifies, 0) to announce, declar-e ; (2) 
to forbid^ deny ; (3) to leave off^ desist, and as this is of'tener done from 
fatigue than any other cause, the word by metonomy of cause lor ef- 
fect, assumes the meaning, to be weary or fatlgued,which is its signi- 
fication here. ijdfj Sh xal 6»//> ^f, and now also it wa^ late (in the 

day). or — ovd\ Cf. S. § 225. 1 Soxotrj is put in the opta- 
tive, because qmlatrofKroq, upon which it depends, borrows past time 

from aTtMtvf, Cf. S. § 216. 3. fvOvo}ttnv = xar fv&flav (sc. 

hiov), straight forward, Cf S. § 124. 2. tovq 7r{t(arovq, the van 

of tlie army. ■■ elq — xaTtaxrjvtaatv, See N. on xar/om/ liq, I. 1. 

§ 3. i^ w)', i. e. the villages. xal avro xa anh tUv oixiaiv li'Ao, 

even the very wood of the houses. The design of this was to cut ofl the 
rebel forces from necessary supplies. For the construction of avia 
^f. S. § 144. 2. ano here denotes ' removal from.' 

17. ofiwq (substituted by Dind., Born., Pop., and Kriig. for hfioCv), 
notwithstanding the villages had been stripped of every thing by the 

royal army. tgono) tivt, in some manner = as well as they could. 

axoTatot, in the dark. See Butt. § 123. N. 3 ; S. § 138. N. 1. wq ixvf 

j(aror fxaaro*, sc. avhl^ofifvoi, as each happened (to pass the night) 

= in whatever manner each one was able, oian — xaL so that 

even. — — iyyvrara here = iyyvraroi, — axfivftifidron', tenis, a verb- 
al noun from oxrivoo), to pitch a tent, Cf S. § 129. 4. 

18. rfj t'OTfoa/a, sc. fift^^ff- — oim xaTtvoq ov6af4ov nXriaCov, nor 

smoke any where near, tfj ^^ddw, at the approach. The king 

thought the Greeks were advancing to attack him, and hence on the 
next day he proposed a truce. Cf II. 3. § 1. olq = ixelroiq a. 

19. xal, also. olov dxoq q,6^ov ifiTteaovtoq ylyvta&av, stich as 

itsually takes place, when fear falls upon a company of men. 

20. To).fitdr}v — Torrot'*, Cf. N. on afid^aq — taitaq, I. 10. § 18. 

xTjQvxa doKfjov rwv Tore, the best crier of that time. For the con- 

4!truction of twj' tot*, cf. S. § 141. 1. — oq av t<>v ouptvra rov ovovth 
*a oTtXa fitirvajj, whoever would give information of tne person, who 
t^jd let loose the ass among the arms. ** This is a mere joke, implying 

hat there was no ground for alarm " Felton. 

21. xivoq, empty = vain, groundless. V^a <J> og&gw, as soon 

as day broke. Robinson (Lex. N. T.) says that ^^oQ&^oq properly 
fiignifiea the time before and about day-break, while one still needs a 
light; but also later, including the morning twilight until near sun-rise.*' 
Here it evidently means break of day, inasmuch as heralds came from 
the king about sun-rise (Cf II. 3. § 1), at which lime Clearchus was 
already reviewing his^ troops 

Cukw. ni.1 NOTK^ 265 


1. "O di dij fyfjatffoi, but now that which I wrote, o =^ xovto o, o. 

frhich, TowTo refers to the clause or* icpodw^ and is the subject of 

^9. Reference is here made to what is said in 11. 2. § 18. The evi- 
dence that the king was alarmed at the approach of the Greeks, was 
the difference in the tone of his second message, from that sent by 
Phalinus(II. 1. §§7-23). 

2. nQoq>vXay.a<;.j the out-posts* i^i^rovv. inquired for. tvxotv 

— iTtiaxoTidiP, happening to he reviewing, a;^^*? civ axoXdajjj until 

he was at leisure. Cf. N. on av fXriad-^^ I. 3. § 15. By this affecta- 
tion of contempt for the Persians, he inspired his own men with confi- 
dence, and gained time for the proper disposition of his troops. 

3. wffT« xaXwq ^X^^^ hgdaO-at Trdrtt} (pd?>ayya nvxvriv^ so that the 
dense lines made an imposing appearance on all sides. xaXwq fx^w. 

See N. on I. 1. § 5. ?/«tv has ogda&ai for its subject tc5v ^i, 

*• In narrative style," says Butt. (§ 126. 4), " o, ^, to often stand only 
once and with Si alone, in reference to an object already named." 
Tc in xnl at;ro(; rf is to be construed wi^ xnl before xoTq dXXou;^ 
while T« — xal in the next member connects avonXoTdrovq and «i'«*de- 
ffTotrov?. ^(pgaaav. Cf. N. on I. 6. § 3. 

4. rC ^ovXoivtm. Cf. S. § 216. 2. dvS{)(q oittvsq, as persona 

who. Sturz says that dvdqtq here might have been omitted. 

Ixavol^ suitable^ duly authorized^ is followed by dnayYiiXat,. foror- 

Tat. Cf. N. on (XTra^ft, 1. 3. § 14. ra rt naqa paa^Xewq^ " regis mWh- 

data?^ Krug. 

5. fidxriq. For the genitive,, cf. S. § 181. 1. ov6i 6 toXfiijawv, 

nor shall any one dare. An answer, as Bom. remarks, worthy of a 
Spartan. For the construction, cf. S. § 140. 3. 

6. ^yyvs Ttov^ somewhere near. The subject of imx^xaxTo is rav • 

CO 7iQdxxii>. Cf. S. § 159. 1. oT* iixoxa Soxditv Xtyfiv paaiXeX^ that 

they (i. e. the Greeks) seemed to the king to propose what was reason- 

able. So Sturz, " cequa postulare?^ ot axnovq — S^ovan*^ to lead 

them. Cf N. on oaxiqy I. 3. § 14. iav ai anovdal rtvurxa^, " A 

transition," says Matthiae (§ 523. 1), " to a kind o^oratio ^ecta.^^ idw^ 
^fy, or dv, with the subjunctive is a milder expression than li with the 
ibture. See Mt. 1. c. fv&tv = ixetai tvO-ev. 

7. avrolQ -^ ^tovotq, alone. S. § 144, N, 3 — - -cw.^; ^tw^^vov. 

966 NOTES. [Boca a 

There is much difficulty in determming satisfactcnly, to whom wdqiir 
ai refers. The conjecture of Weiske, that it means the Greeks and 
Persians, who passed between the two armies to arrange and ratify 
the truce, is inadmissible, because opposed to the facts of the case, 
the Persians alone passing between the armies as truce-makers.^ Nof 
can we adopt the surmise of Hacken cited by Poppo, that reference is 
had to those oC the Greeks^ who would be sent out to purchase and 
bring in provisions, inasmuch as it appears from the latter part of the 
preceding section, that all the Greeks i^rere to, be led whence they 
might take .provisions. We must therefore conclude with Kruger, 
that the ambassadors or messengers of the Persians are referred to, 
ajltiiough this interpretation is by no means disincimibered of difficul- 

8. fiixaatriadfiivoq aiToi>5 fuiving caused them (i. e. the messen- 
gers) to withdraw. Cf. S. § 207. 5. anovSaq noifla&ai = oniv 

dtaO-ai, xaB^ rjav/Cap =■ rirfvxfi^ quietly^ peacefully. 

9. firi aTtoSo^ri fffup taq anovdaq Tto^i^acM&atj lest we resolve not to 

make the truce, /iff djiodo^f} rjfiiv = fiij ol do^ij rj/iiv, olfioU yi 

fifvxot X. T. X. The confidence in their own resources, manifested by 
the generals in hesitating to accept the truce proposed by the king, 
would tend to inspire the soldiers with more courage and energy in 
tlie perils with which they were beset 

10. fikv — ^tfWot =ifikv di. TO 6i aTndtfVfia f/oiv iv rei^f*, but 

saving his army in order of battle. Although going to conclude (he 

tiuce, he did not in the least relax his vigilance. avkHaif 

(= o/etoiq, II. 4. § 13. Schneid.), canals, trenches, <»«. Cf N. on 

I. 5. § 10. Siapdaeiq, literally passings over, here the means by 

which it is effected, viz. bridges, rohq Si, In the formula? 

o/t/r — o S^j one is sometimes omitted. Cf. Mt § 288. Obs. 4. 

^1. lyv — - xarftji^ai^-fTi'. Cf. N. on ^r Aa/>fTi', I. 5. $ 2. Klfao 

Xov xarafia&eiv o}q iTteardtd^ = xatafi^xO-slv atq Kk4a{)xoq iTttardrt* 

(Cf. N. on I. 6. § 5). iniatdtft = ^Q/e, ijyffioiftvev, ^xtijQlar} 

staff, truncheon, carried by the Lacedaemonian generals, aa an instru 
ment with which to correct their soldiers. Cf. Thucyd. VIII. 84 
"Adeoque lochagos vapulasse a prsetore docent Hell. VI. 2: 19.'* 

Krftg. TtQoq rovro, i. e. the construction of temporary bridges, and 

the management of those things, which pertained to the transporta- 
tion of the army and baggage across the trenches. ixXtyofUfo^ 

<rw iniTfiSnov Unaioiv av. Of the various interpretations given to 
this passage, for brevity's sake, I shall select but one, which seeros 
the most natural and free from objections, viz. selecting the one wo*: 
worthy (of punishment) he would cJmstise him. For dr witli fnaimn 
cf, iV. on I. 9. § 19. xcd dfiti mtthq x. T. A. By thus sharing in Hiir 


labor of his men, Clearchus stimulated them to great exeitioi^. 

mare naai'V alaxi'pfiv e^vai firi ov (Wcf7tovd(il:^eiVj 80 that every one was 
ashamed not to assist in urging on the work. Mt (§ 609. p. 1082), 
says that ov firi is found after words, in which a negative sense is in- 
volved, as dfivov, aiaxi>6v iatt, etc., denoting that which ought not to 
-appen. Cf. Butt § 148. N. 6. 2. 

^ 12. TTQoq avtov. The common reading irgh^ avroi-, is rejected by 
tlie best critics, as being without any sense, ngoq avrh (= ^^05 tovto^ 
§ 11) is adopted by Kriiger and Poppo, and perhaps is best suited to 

the passage. ol tgtdxnvta hri y f ynv or fq^ those being thirty years 

old, Cf. S. §§209. N. 4: 168. N. 1. 

13. v7io7trivo}v^ because he suspected. Cf. S. § 222. 1. oVa 

= innrjSeCa, fU, suitable, CK Mt. §479. Obs, 2. a; Butt §150. 
Hutch, thinks that the battle of Cunaxa took place the latter part ol 
September. If so, the season for watering the region was past Cf. 

N. on I. 7. § 15. 7t{to(faCvotxn — firai. Cl'. N. on (fiO-aVMi' ffjat- 

rtTo, I. 9. § 19. tovTov refers to the assertion made in the pre- 
ceding clause. TO vdwo d(fnx(rai^ had caused the water to be lei 

forth, d<pfixivcu, perf. infin. of d<ffrjfti, Clearchus hastened on the 
army in order to show, that these impediments neither retarded nor 
terrified the Greeks, and also to give the Persians no time to interpose 
more serious obstacles to his march. 

14. o^oq, ^^acidulum potum e dactylis coctis paraXum ; olvov, dtdr 

dorempotum, e dactylis expressis paratum?^ Morus. cmh t^it 

«i^ro>. Cf. N. on II. 2. § 16. 

15. ofix? fi^v == taiavxai, ftfv oi'aq, ^ativ, Cf. N. on f|f A<»- 

ftlv, 1. 5. § 2. rolq olxfTaiq d/ifxfit>TOf Were laid by for the domes- 
tics, olxttaiq is the Dativus Commodi, Cf. N. on I. 2. § 1. 

dnoXtxtoi, seUctedy a verbal from dnoUyou Cf. Butt §§ 102. 3 : 60. 

4 ; S. § 49. 2. oi/'*?, appearance, ^A/xr^ov, amber, a yellow, 

transparent, gummous substance found in many countries, but mostly 
upon the shores of the Baltic. For the construction of tiX^rgov, cf. 
S. § 186. N. 3. Knig. makes tjlfxtijov stand for tiXfxrgov oipetaq, the 
noun being employed for its attribute, which is the real object of com- 
parison. rdq St- rtviq, but some, tgaytifiatay for desserts, 

A substacntive frequently expri^sses the design of the noim with which 
i is in apposition. Cf. Mt § 433. OOs, 3. Cf. also And. and Stod. Lat 

Gr. § 204. R. 1. The Sfvtfga rnctTtf^a, second table = dessert, waa 

made up of various sweetmeats, and fiimishea in times of luxury with 

great splendor. Cf. Man. Clas. Lit § 165. p. 536. ^v — riSv, sc. 

Tovro (i. e. tavta ra tgay^fiara). notga norov (= avfi-roaiov), in 

drinking, i. e. during the drinking-bout, which frequently tollo^^^N^^ 
5BaBt in ancient times. Cf. N. on VI. l.§ 5. ll "vraua «A. on* o^ ^WEfc «««w 

268 NOTES. [BooiL H 

posiuntb, tna* Alexander is eeud to have died in a state of beastly in- 
toxication. The wise man doubtless referred to this custom (Prov 
2'S : 29, 30), when in answer to the question, " Who hath woe," &c 

he replies: " They that tarry long at the wine." x((paXakyhq 

(y.nfalt'i^ the head, and dXyo^, pain), causing headache. 

16. iyxHiaXov, the brain, i. e. the pith or marrow, which, being 

found in tiie top of the tree, was calted its ^yx/^aAo?. So PUny XIII. 

vA-i^cis wedtdla earum (i. e. palmarum) in cacumine, quod cere- 

brtim appellant?'^ ttiv ISiotTjTa xTJq ridovijq the peculiar flavor, 

or quality of its flavor. The palm tree, of which such frequent 
"tnention is made in the ancient and oriental writings, is the pride 
of tropical climes, and far surpasses in grandeur all other trees 
of the forest. The trunk springs up straight, unbranching, Euid taper- 
ing, until towering far above the surrounding trees, it is crowned by 
a tuft of large, radiating leaves, which gives it a singularly grand and 
unique appearance. * But aside from iis majesty, it is superior to al- 
most every other plant in useful properties. It furnishes to the inhab 
itants of the region where it grows, bread, wine, vinegar, sugar, fruit, 
and materials for all kinds of wicker work. etc. Strabo says there 
was a Persian song, in which three hundred and sixty-five advantages 
of the palm tree were enumerated. It is found in preat abundance 
.n Babylonia. Cf Bib. Repos. VII. p. 367. o&tv = f^ ov. 

18. dftrixarot, insuperable. (injtifta inoitjad^rir, Iregofrdedit 

an unexpected gain, ivgrifta answers to our familiar expressions, 

windfall, good luck, etc. iX jtojq, if by some means. He hints by this 

at the difficult nature of his request dovrm, give = permit. 

dnoawaai, v/^dq tiq ttip 'EXloida, to conduct you safely into Greece, oto- 
ar<5»ttt (by constructio prcegnans) = to save and lead, dnn gi/es to 
ooitoi the idea of complete dehverancc; to save from, sc. all dangers. 

o7f^ai> ydg dr ovx dxnglattaq fioi ?f«*v, / think thai I should not be 

unrewarded, dr gives to f^tiv the idea of probability. Cf. Mt. § oihl 
d. Dind. after Suid. reads ?/«*»'. — ngoq IftCtr, by you = on your 

19. oxi Sixaiotq dv ftni xagCtoitOy i, e. (says Poppo) mt, tl ;fa^»wf.*- 
ro, dr/.a^ujq dv fioi /a^^o*To =^ thai if he should reward me^ he uindd 
(on account of my merW) justly do it. For dv in the apodosis. cf. N. 

on I. 6. § 2. KvQOv re iniatgattvopra — ijyydXa. For llie rou- 

struction, cf S. § 222. 2. Tissaphemes here refers to what is detnileil, 

I. 2. §§ 4, 5. dna tjj dyyfXt^ Cf. N. on II. 1. § 2. tcwi' — Tfta- 

Yfiivtav t^ixeCrcDr ot tftayfu'roi ^aav (S. § 140. 3), of which ixtfrotr ia 
conrtructed with ftovoq denoting a part. S. § 177. Reference is hau 
^ the officers, who under Tissaphemes commanded the left wing o 
the king^s army at Cuiiaxa. dnfxtfivf is used here fot the plu 

CrfAP. in.] NOTES. 260 

perfect. Cf. N. on iTtoCijai, I. 1. § 2. tolqSt tdlq irct^ow* vv> f$tt 

ifjiov, with those now present with me. 

20. povXfvaaa&ai, to deliberate, take counsel, sc. with others. See 

below, § 25 (end). For the tense, cf. N. on navacusB-ai,, I. 2. § 2. 

tQta&ai — v/idq. Cf S. § 165. 1. The accusative of thing is the next 

clause. rCvoq Upexsv, 07i account of what = for what reason. 

fitTQCiaq, moderately, i. e. in good temper. tva fiot (vTifjaxro- 

ttqov ^ idv TV dvruftat dya&ov vfiiv na^* avroi/ Sian^ci^aa 0-ai. The 
order is, I'ya dianQa^aaO-av idv t* (= o r*. See N. on II. 1. § 8) 
dya&ov SvvdDf^ y» (sc. Siangd^aaO-ai) ji evTtQaxroreoov /loi. Cf. S. 
§ 159. 2. 

21. fistaatdvrtq, having withdrawn, Klia{)xoq 6* UeysVj L e. 

he was spokesman for the others. u>q — noXtfii^aovtfq. Cf N. on 

I. 1. § 3. our' no^tvofiiO-a int paaiXta^nor shoidd we have march- 
ed against the king, ThisMs an apodosis, av being supplied. The 
protasis is dkXd noXXdq x. t. X, It appears, from III. 1. § 10, that Clear- 
chus was not unacquainted with the real object of the expedition. 

22. 'Enfi fikvxoi ^Sij a^roy ^(agtafiev h Stivw ovra, hut when we saw 
tiim already beset with danger, iv dnvw ovta = iv St^vdiq ovta, "pe- 

riculis pressum?^ Sturz. fiaxvv&fjfitv xat &eovq xcU dv&qmnovq 

TtQodovvai, avtov, our respect for the gods and men forbade that we 
should desert him, " The verb alaxvvo/iai, takes the participle, when 
the action of which one is ashamed is performed, the infinitive, when 
the action is declined through shame.'* Rost § 129. 4. Cf VII. 6. 
§21. &eovq a.nd dv&QMTtoifq are constructed in the accusative with 
jiaxt*v&-fifi(v on the principle that verbs of emotion are often followed 
by an accusative, which is both the object and efficient cause of the 

emotion. Cf. Mt. § 414. naQ^x^vtiq rifiaq axnovq tv noiiiv, XiieiT' 

ally , furnishing ourselves (to him) to receive benefits = having put 

ourselves in the way of receiving favors from him. ev tiokIv, sc. 

iiart rhv Kvoop, 

23. r^O-vfixiv, is dead, ovrt fiaatXel drtinovovfK&a rijq dfjxijq, 

v>e neither aim at the dominion of the king. For the consiructi«n ol 

fictoiXfl, cf S. § 197. 1 ; o^dQXV^ij S. § 182. ^ oiV ^anv orov ^rtxa, 

" nor is there any reason why?^ Felton. The subject of taxiv and an- 
tecedent of oTov, is some such word as n^ayfia ot XQ^t*^ understood. 

See S. § 150. 5. xaxwq noiHv = xaxa noitiv, Cf. S. § 165. N. 2. 

See also N. on I. 6. § 7. tiq, some one, softer than vftilq for which 

it stands. avv rolq &f6lq, with the help of the gods, For thb 

construction of tv noiotv (= dya&a noiwv) vTidgxiJi begins doing well, 

4f, S. § 222. 3. xal tovrov «t?ye dvvafitv oix fitttiao/nO-a (=:^TTij^if- 

woiuB^oh Cf Rost § 114. 1. N. 1) cv no^ovvnq, " we will not be behind him^ 


270 NOTES. [Book II 

at least so far as out power goes, in conferring favors.^^ Felton. For 
the constrution of toi»toi', cf. S. § 184. 1. 

24. fiivoPTwp imperative for fievfrwaav, Cf. Butt. § 103. II. 5 ; S. 

25. ioa&-* ol "Ekkrjvfq i<pg6vTi,^ov. The Greeks designate the achud 
consequence of an act by watt with the indicative, the conjectural 
consequence, by vjatf with the infinitive. Rost § 125. 7. N. 7. do&ij' 

pai. Cf. N. on ^oiVa*, §. 18. atil^fiv rove; "EXlriraq. Supply ti% 

Tfiv ^EXldSa from § 18, supra. w<; ovx a^wv eXtj ^aaiXil^ that it woM 

not becoming the king, a^iov = 7i{>t7iov is followed by the dative. 
Cf. S. § 190. N. 3. aq)flvon,^ to send away (in peace smd safety). 

26. raoq d\ but finally. Cf. S. § 124. 1. mani^, Cf. N. on 

^f Xapflvy 1. 5. § 2. ^ /ttijv is tlie usual formula of an oath or 

solemn confirmation. Cf. Butt. § 149. p. 432 ; Mt. § 604. 

27. Sia (piXlaq, Cf. I. 3. § 14. daivoiq, i. e. without committing' 

depredations upon the cotintry, through which they were to pass. 
— wvovfi^vovq^ by purcJuise, 

29. annfii, I shall go, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 11. w? paa^Ua. Cf. 

N. on L 2. § 4. a = xaxita &v (S. § 151. R.), of which wv is con- 
structed with df'ofiai, Cf. S. § 181. 1. avaxfvaadfievoq is an aor- 

st in relation to the future i/fw, and indicates the completeness of the 

iction. Cf. Mt §559..c. w? aTtd^wv, See N. on I. 1. § 3. 

ocmwf. ** A very clear instance of the future." Butt. ^ 118. p. 236. 


1. fifitqaq nXtlovq ^ iXxoatv, According to Diod. (XIV. 26), Tis- 
saphernes in this interim went with the king to Babylon. His long 
delay, together with the tampering of Ariseus, justly inspired the 
Greeks with fears respecting the sincerity of tJhe Persians, but having 

no remedy, they were obliged to await the issue. xal Tt^hq rovq 

nvv ixeCvo) Ufgoaiv rirtq^ and some of the Persians came to those with 

him^ i. e. to the followers of Ariceus. St^iaq, pledges, assurances 

hum is in apposition tvith rir>q. Cf. Mt. § 432. 3. fivijaixmr 

xriativ — iTTiatQazffaq. The genitive expressing both the object and 
cause of a feeling, may be rendered on account of Cf. Mt. § 3«>8. 5 , 
S. §187.1.- 

2. Tovrotv dh y^yvofi^voDVj while these things were taking place. Ci 
Bi §§ 19y * 20^. 1. ' ■ , ,oinfgi ^ov 'Agtaiof^ Ariceus and his^ party 
Buttmann (150. p. 489) reworks, "the Attics ^vail. themselves of L 

Chap. IV.] NOTEtS. 271 

indefinite expression, even where they wish to speak chiefly only of 
the one person, leaving it froxn some cause or other doubtful, whether 

it really concerns only this one or not" Cf. Mt § 583. c. 1. tixtov 

n()oqixoPTfq t6lq"E).kfi(ji rov vovv, less attentive to the Greeks. Cf. N. 

on I. 5. § 9. xai tovto^ this also, i. e. in addition to the suspicious 

circumstances spoken of in the preceding section. 

3. T(, why. Cf. S. § 167. R. tiiqI navToq. Cf, N. on nt{jl 

nXtCatovy I. 9. § 7. otgaxevtip is used as an adnominal genitive 

after <p6^oq. Cf. S. § 221. N. 4. <Jta to SitaTidQ&ai, avrw to aroa- 

€tvfia^ becavise his army is dispersed. ovr. ¥oTtv o/ro;q oi'x imO-ff 

tfizai 'rjfiUPj it is impossible (See N. I. 5. § 2) that he will not attack us 
= he will by all means attack us. That these forebodings were not 
groundless, painful i vidence was soon furnished. For the construc- 
tion of OVA Utip o;rw«, cf. Butt. § 150. p. 438 ; Mt. § 482. Obs. 2. 

4. "lauq tf* novj perhaps somewhere. 6i is here continuative. 

r*, sc. x^qIo^- oTTopov = dnoiJtvtoq. htav ye gives emphasis to 

fiovXriattou. Render the clause, for he will never willingly permit. 

ToaoCds ovreq, beine: so many (and no more) = being so few. 

Cf. N. on I. 3. § 14 (end). inl rau; ^vQaiq. The Greeks were so 

near Babylon, that it mi^t be said, they were at the very gates of 
the king's palace. 

5. inl noXef€io, /or the purpose 0f making war, with hostile intent, 
inl here denotes the end or object of the action. Cf. Butt § 147 , 

Mt § 585. /9. TKiga To^ oTtopduq notdv, to violate the treaty : 

properly, to act contrary to the treaty. "Ennta^ thereupon. 

7i(joitor, av&-t.q d^, and xal a/ia mark the disastrous consequences, 

resulting from breaking the truce. Matthise (§ 482) says thatoi<f* 

hno&tv is put for ovS' ^axav ovS^v, oO-fv, or ovStlq naQs^it ronov^ oO-iv. 

Cf S. § 150. 5. o fiytiaofiivoq oldelq Xaxai, there wiU be no one to 

conduct us. Cf. N. on 6 ToA^tforwy, II. 3. § 5. oifia xwha noiovv- 

rwy tj/wwv, as soon as we do these things. Cf. S, § 222. N. 4. dfsatij' 

fet, will desert, larij^w, / shall stand^ and its compound a^xomjlfti, 
/ shall stand away fro^n^ i. e. forsake^ desert^ are futures formed to 
suit the present meaning ot %atrixa^ 1 stand, while aTifarw has tlie 
meaning o{ I shall place, from Harti/n. Cf. Butt § 107. II. 4; Irreg. 

Verbs, p. 136. hkttipttat. Cf. S. § 211. dXkaxcu oi TtgoaO-tv 

o^Te?, and even those who were (our friends) before, i. e. Ariseus and 
his followers. 

6. S)' el /levj but whether. — ■ ^ mtov6* olv responds to fikv in 

the preceding member, ovv = asto that. See N. on I. 3. § 5. 

^vfodtfi^' XafMv'6xL. For the cbnstructit)n, cf. N. on I. 8. ^*^l. The 
necefe-sity ofcWssing the Euphrates is indicated by aiAo? t— Ajt* ^«»- 
^f Tio« in the prei*.edingr clause, ^•t in oii ia^v dn serves to introduoa. 

S7t NOTES. [Book U 

with emphasis another difficulty, viz. the want of cavalry. Cf. Vig 

p. 188. VI. Ttkilatov a|»o». Cf. N. on I. 3. § 12. ol6v ti. 

Cf.N.onI. 3.§:*. 

7. *i?yw /iiv ovv fiaaiXetty ^ noXXa ovtwq iarl tot avfifiaxa^ etTretj Tifjo&tr 
fulrat fffiaq anoXtcfatj ovx olda o rt 6tl avtop hfioaat, ^^rwrw for mypcaif 
I do not see why the king^ whose resources are so great^ should swear 
to us, if he really meant to destroy w«." Sophocles (Gram. § 144. N 
\). fiaaiXia is the subj. accus. of o/toaai, before which alnov referring 
to fiotaiXf'a is placed, in consequence of the intermediate clauses be- 
tween fiaaiUa and oftoaau For the construction of del, cf. S. § 159. N. 

1. &iov(; iTtiogxfjaai. " With verbs 'to swear,' the deity or person 

by whom one swears is put in the accusative." Mt § 413. 10. Clear- 
chus argues that if the ulterior design of the king were bad, he would 
not have entered of his own accord into such a solemn covenant with 
the Greeks. 

8. *Ev a rovr((t. Cf. N. on 1. 10. § 6. ^Ogortaq. Repeat ffxtv fx^' 

' ^ye Sk X. T. A. Botli Tissaphernes and Orontas were rewarded 

with the hand of the king's daughters, for their fidelity and good 

conduct in the war with Cyrus. inl YOLfita^ f^ marriage, i. e. 

for the purpose of marrying her. The nuptials were to be celebrated 
in his satrapy. 

10. i^ ^avtwp, by themselves. Cf. Mt § 584. &, IxaorTOTc = 

itt, always. aTrf/orreq dXXtiXav. Cf. N. on 1. 10. § 4. oAAij- 

Xovq depends on itpvXdrtorro which apparently is transitive. This 
accusative, however, may be regarded very properly as synecdochi- 
cal. Cf. S. § 207. N. 1. 

11. i»%ov avxov, from the same place* ^— Hx^qolv. Their pre- 
cautionary measures created vnoxplav, suspicion / the petty conten- 
tions, which resulted from this jealousy led to fx^9^^> enmity. 

12. From the time of the truce to the passage of the Tigris at 

Sitace, the course of the armies was south-easterly. ngoq to Jlfiy- 

Stoiq X. T. X. This wall appears to have been erected, to protect the 
inhabitants of Babylonia from the incursions of the Mede& It did 
not run directly across the isthmus, but inclined from the Euphi-ates 
to the Tigris in a N. E. direction. Its .fength according to Rennell 

was about 24 British miles. avrov sXaw, within it. Cf. S. § 188. 

2. nXCv&otq hntaiq, burnt bricks, were different from the w^i} 

nXCvO-oi;, dried bricks which was a common material for buildings, in 

those cormtries. Cf Bib. Rep. Vol. VIII. p. 167. iv aayoArw 

This is the cement used by the builders of Babel. '' Bitumen had 
they for cement." Gen. 11 : 1-9. This bitumen was found in in- 
exhaustible quantities in the fountains at Heet. Rich says, tha< 
the pnncipal Daumen-pit at H^<^c has two sources^ and is divided b^ 

Chaf. IV.] NOTES. 273 

a wall in the centre, on one E/de of which the bitumen biiobles up, anc 
on the other side, the oil of naptha, for the two productions are al- 
ways found in the same situations. The bitumen is at first brittle, 
but is rendered capable of being applied to brick, by being boiled 
with a certain proportion of oil. It furnishes the finest of all cements. 
Cf. Bib. Repos. Vol. VIII. pp. 158-89. 

13. Stwovxaq. A reference to these canals, with which the region 
of Babylonia was cut up, will help to explain the beautiful poetic ef- 
Aision. " By the rivers of Babylon," &c Along these cemals or 
streams, designed to irrigate and beautify Babylon and the adjacent 
country, the captive Jews sauntered after the toils of the day, and re- 
posing under the shady willows, indulged in expressions of mutual 

sympathy, or mourned in silence over their wrongs and woes. 

^AoiTToi;?, narrower, Cf. S. §§ 59. 3 : 58. 2. o/£to2, drains, rivulets, 

&(J7i(o iv tfl *E).Xddi>, Repeat xataxtrttfirivtai. So Krug. 

TtQoq qjj near which. Sitdxij, Mannert (Geog. V. p. 384) 

gives this town the site now occupied by Old Bagdad. 

14. 7ta(/ avxfjvj near it. For the construction o£ navroCwv, cf. 

S. § 181. 1. ' ol dh /Ja^ij^a^o*, ». t. A. Kriiger places a colon after 

TCygrita, and supplies iaxriviaaav from the preceding clause. But this 
is unnecessary, since by rendering diafiffirixoTBi, although having just 
crossed, the way is prepared for ov /itvroi, without making the sentence 
consist of two propositions. 

15. Jftvxov iv TteQiTtdtia ovriq, happened to be walking. — ngh 

^wp oTzluiv = before the camp. xal ravra. Cf N. on I. 4. § 12, 

7iaQa*u4gi,atov otv, being sent from AricBUS. 

16. on. Cf. N. on I. 6. § 7. 6 avO-gtanoq = ^Kiivoq. fif^ 

- im&aivTai, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 17. rrjq v •xto?, this night. Cf. 

N. on II. 2. § 12. d^ == Y^' ''H' ^^V^ov naqaSeCato, the neigh' 

baring park. Cf S. § 141. 1 ; also N. on I. 2. § 7. 

17. «? = oTt, sincey because. Cf Mt § 628. 5. wq in the next 

member is put for Tia, that, so that. See Mt. § 628 1, aAA* h 

fi4aw dnoXri(p&fJT( rov notafiov xal tijq Siojgvxoq, but that you may be 
shut in. between the river and the canal, iv fnfaw = fisra^v. 

18. iragdx O-ri a(p6di>a xai itpofifito. The situation of the Greek 
army in the very heart of the Persian empire, enclosed by rivers and 
canals, and surrounded by myriads of enemies, was anything but fa- 
vorable. No wonder that so daring a soldier even as Clearchus, should 
be filled with consternation at this intelligence of a night attack, in 
which Grecian discipline would be far less effectual against the over- 
whelm mg numbers of the enemy, than in a battle by day. 

19. tiiv naQortfur, of those who were present. For the construc- 
lion, cf. S. §§ 140. 3. 177. 1. ow dx6Xov9^^ not consistent (with 

274 NOTES. [Book U 

k.ach other) The subject of fti/is to iniB^ta&at v t. X. Cf. S. 

§ 159. 2. or* inixtO-ffif'vovq ij vix^v St^aet ^ rjttciad'aij thai if they 

attack 218, they will of necessity conquer or he conquered. For the con- 

Btruction, cf. S. § 159. N. 1. o/ro*. See N. on I. 9. § 13. 

20. 'Eav (J* ar, hut if on the other hand. The argument is, thact in 
case the Persians were victorious in this night assault, the destruction 
of the bridge would not be necessary for the reasons specified ; and 
if they should lose the battle, nothing could be more ruinous to them, 
than thus to cut off the means of retreat and preclude those on the 

other side of the riVer from coming to their aid. noXXwv oytmt^ 

7if)jav, many heing the other side (of the river). niQcw is here used 
absolutely. Cf. Butt. Lexil. No. 91. 

22. Tdr« Sri ^-^h '^cn indeed, vnontfi^pa^tv (= [Mxa, 66Xov in 

n/fiifjoufv. So Suidas), had primly sent, Cf. Thucyd. IV. 46. § 6. 

oxroPfT*? ftij — fiivoitv, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 17. onvovvxi^ borrows 

past time from v7io7i^fi\paifr, upon which it depends. SiBkovxfq 

is adopted, on the conjecture of Holzmsuin, by the best critics in- 
stead o^ SttX&ortt^t which destroys the obvious B^nse of the passage. 

yijflfw. So called from its being inclosed by the river and canaL 

Cf. § 17, supra. i^vfiata is in apposition with Ttygrira and Sidtn 

X»' ^vd-fv ^i\v — Ifvd-iv ^>, hinc — illinc, on the one hand — on the 

other, ay a d-^q, fertile, twv ^nyaaofievatv ivovra^Vj the laborers 

heing in it. The peasantry would be necessary to till the Ismd and 

supply the Greeks with necessary food. dnoatgoftj (= xaracpi*- 

ytl. So Phav.), a refuge, a place of refuge, Cf. Cyr. V. 2. § 23 ; 

Herod. VIII. 109 ; Demosth. Phil. I. 8. t*?, any one (of the 

King's subjects). 

23. MfTOL ravta, after these things. fifvtot — ofKoqj never 

theless, i. e. although they did not believe the messenger. /i«rroi 

serves here to strengthen ouux;. Kal o(/t« int&tro ovdeiq ovSafto- 

&tPy hut'no one from any quarter attacked them. Notice the accumu 
lation of negatives. Cf. S. § 225. 1. See also I. 6. § 11 ; 8. § 20. 

24. ws olnv tf fidXtara n((pvXay/ifrwq, " toith every possihle precattr 

tion.^^ Felton. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 17 riivTiaga Tiaaatffqpovq'EXXff 

¥mv, of those Greeks (who were) vAth THssaphemes. Cf. N. on 1. 1. § 5- 

atq Sia^aivovtwp ftiXXottv iniO-riaia&ai, thai the Persians tcere 

about to attack them (i. e. the Greeks) whiU they were crossing. For 
the construction of Siafiaivovrmr, cf. S. § 222. 1 j of /itXXoifv iniO^af- 
a&at, cf. S. § 219. N. 1. For the use of the.middie, see S, § 207. 1. 

Poppo follows the common reading inttCS-ea&w Siafiatrorrmt 

li^vTOL (sc. avrHv, Cf. N. on I. 2. § 17), Jwicever, while they were cross 

ing. ti Sia^aCvoifv, whether they were crossing. intl Si tTdfpj 

•c. niTooq diapaivovraq. w/«'r.« afrtXavrwf ^ Anr^Xaat, ht roOt 

'Jhaf. XV.] NOTES 27^ 

away, Cf. S. §222. N. 2. The cowaixlice an^^ cupKcity of the 
Persians are eminently shown in this whole affair. 

25. fPi'taxov. Renneli thinks that this is the river now called Di- 

cUa or Deallah. anr\vtiiai = ivt'xvxff ifnet, v6&-oq adtk(po<:- 

illegitimate brother, ClI N. on I. 1. § 1. Sovamv, Sitsa^ " a cele- 
brated city of Susiana in Persia, situated on the east side of the Eu- 
la^us or Choaspes. Anth. Clas. Diet. On account of its being shel- 
tered from the north-easi wind oy a high ridge of mountains, it be- 
came from the time of Cyrus the Great, the winter residence of the 
Persisms. It is celebrated in Scripture as the place, where Daniel 
saw the vision of the ram and he-goat, and where Ahasuerus kept his 
splendid feast Sir John Malcolm says, " its ruins are not less than 
12 miles in extent, and that wild beasts roam at large over a spot, 
where once stood some of the proudest palaces ever raised by human 
art." 'Exfiardvojv, Ecbatana^ a city of Media, and next to Baby- 
lon and Nmeveh, one of the strongest and most beautiful cities of the 

East It was the summer residence of the Persian kings. mq fiwf 

^($m¥, Cf. N. on 1. 1. § a 

26. tiq Svo, two and two, i. e. two a-breast. Cf. Vig. p. 226. XIV. 

See also N. on I. 2. § 15. aXlore xal dXXort i(piatdf€t9oq, haUing 

now and then, oorof d* [ay] xQ*^^<>^y cts long time asy correspcmds to 

roaovTov xQovov in the next member. Cf. S. § 73. 1. to fiyovfit^ 

voVi the van. imotrjifstB, sc. ^avro. So Mt § 521. But Schneid., 

Bom., and Pop., supplying 6 KXsagxoq, make to fiyovfitvov the object 
of intatrjaeK. So also Kruger, who, however, adopts the common 
reading iTticfTfj, and objects to the employment of the optative, on th« 
ground that av ought in tliat case to be omitted. But that the opta^ 
tive sometimes takes av in such a construction, see Mt § 527. Obs, 2 ; 
Butt § 139. N. 3. — — ToaoProf ^v dvdyxti xQovov dl oXov tow argattv- 
fnarnq y(yrta&''M rtiv iTtfarctaiv^ 80 long a time, a halt of necessity took 
place through the whole army, or more briefly, so long the whole army 
necessarily halted. For the constrvHition of y/yf format, cf. S. §221. 
N. 4. to¥ UfQariVy i. e. the brother of the king. 

27. tlq Tce? JJaQvadtiioq xwftaq. Cf. N. on 1. 4, § 9. Kvgv, 

ijiiyyeXwvy insulting Cyrus, i. e. the memory of Cyrus. xrAiyy «r- 

S(ja7t6d<av, except slaves, i. e. they were permitted to enslave nore of 
the inhabitants. 

28. Ttfijap TO? Ttora/iov, on the other side of the river, ^^ntgavj 
beyond, I n the other side, chiefly of rivers and other waters." Batt 
f 117. 1. 

276 NOTE6. [BooK^ n 


1. Zdfiator^ ZdbatuSy now called the Greater Zab, to distinguiflli 
it from another river of the same name farther down, which is called 
the Lesser Zab. Its course is South. 

2. aifyyivia&aij to have an interview inth, — navaa^ to cause te 

cease, 7t{i\v — ytv/aO-at. Cf. S. § 220. 2. i^ avrHv, i. e. the 

raspicions. igovrta on — XQfiWj to say (S. § 222. 5) thai he 

"wished, amw reliers to Tissaphenies. 

3. olda — ognovq yfytvrjfis'votfq, Cf. N. on jjdfoav avrop Tf ^i^xorot, 

I. 10. § 16. fjiri adixTianp akXrilovq, not to injure one another. Foi 

the construction of a<J*xijor€*i', cf. S. § 219. 2. — — tifidq depends on <pv 
Xtmrofievov, Cf. N. on II. 4. § 10. 

4. axonoir, watching closely. ovtt is followed by n in the next 

member. Cf. N. on /eijre — tf', II. 2. § 8. tlq koyovq aoi il&iivj 

" to come to an understanding with yoti, literally, to come to wards with 

yoM." Felton. For aoi, cf. S. § 195. 1. unotq si dwaCfitd-a, iU- 

Xoi/itv aXkfjlmv rriv amatfav (= vTtoipCav)^ t?iat, if possible^ we migJU 
remove otir miitiuil distrust, 

5. Kal yaQ 618a ^iJiy, for I have already (i. e. before now) kvu/wn, 

Poppo says that rots ft^v — xovq 6\ — ot — inolriaav is a kind 

of anacoluthon for &v ol fi>v — ol Si — inoCtiaav, or ol inolfiaav, ol /u^t 

— ol Si, Kriiger thinks that the writer began the sentence, as if he 

would have written i^ vTroy/laq^ tpopti^fvraq povXofi^vovq — 7ro»if- 

aartaq^ but changed the construction to avoid the recurrence of so 

many participles. Cf.Mt. § 631. 4. xa*, even, aXXtiXovq, See 

N. on II. 4. § 10. q)&daai fiovXofieroi tiqIp na&tiVy wishing to in- 
flict an injury before they received one == desiring to avert dcmger by 

striking the first blow. drrixiara xoxa, irreparable evil. -^— 

For the construction of rovq — fitXXovrciq (sc. noifjaiu), cf. S. 
§ 165. 1. 

6. dyvoifioavvaq, misunderstandings, jjxo), / am come. 

7. Clearchus now proceeds to show that the Persians had no 
reason to distrust the Greeks. ngSrop ftiv yag xa» fif'yiaxovj for first 

and greatest^ i. e. first in order and importance. ol ^t^v ogxoi, tlu 

oaths made to the gods, S^twv is the objective genitive. Cf. S. § 173 

N. 2. rov'fiv depends on TTagfi/a^eXfjxwqt Cf. S. § 182. atn'oiSn 

ntvtw — Ttagij/itXfjxwq, See N. on I. 3. § 10. ovt dno nofov dvtd. 

ffm% neither by means of what speed, unofftryni — djtoSgaCti. N^ 

Chap. V.] NOT£S. '^*i 

tice the distinction in liie meanings oi' these words referiid to in i\ 
on I. 4. § 8 , II. 2. § 13. ■■ axotoq, darkness - dark place 

" o;ra/« pertinet ad ixvfjor, quo modo munitum,'^^ Weiske, cited 

by Kruger. llavrri yau /roivtcij for all things every where* 

For the constiuction of these kindred words, cf. S. § 232. Tlie sul)- 
limity oi' this passage ought not to pass unnoticed. It shows that 
worthy ideas of the gods, (^aias, that it should be ^iiav and not ^tov,) 

could find a place in a heathen mind. Cf. Ps. 139 : 1-12, vii(}x\ 

=: vTiox^li^i'Oi'. xoatoiHH.are tnasters. For its construction with 

ndPTiuVj cf. S. § 184. 1. Matthias ^§359. Obs. 1) says that x(jattl9 
■=z xiJilaaw s7vai^ takes the gen. from the idea of comparison included 
in it It is sometimes constructed with the dat (Cf. Mt. § 360. a), 
and sometimes with the accus. (Mt § 360. 6), especially in the sense 
to conquer, Cf. V. 6. § 9 ; VII. 6. § 32. See also S. § 184. N. 2. 

8. Ttai) OK. A conjectural reading of Muretus, sanctioned by 
Schneid., Dind., Bom., and Poppo. All the MSS. except one, have 
nag ovq, which Kruger thinks to be the true reading, from the idea 
of * approach' contained in xati&e'fii&'a. Render ^ra^' olq ij/iflq rijp 
q>iK(av avp&tfifvoi, xaxtO-ffiid-ai with whom we, having formed an a/- 
liancej have deposited our friendship. By the solemn oaths and 
sacrifices, with which the league of friendship was ratified, a virtual 
deposit of it was made with the gods. Hence, as this deposit was 
the result of a mutual and harmonious arrangement, neither party 
c) mdestinely or without just cause could withdraw it, and become 

secret or open eLemies to their sworn friends. tcSv dh av&QianCvtav 

is opposed to nt^l fi^v tQv O-ediv in the preceding member, and limits 
ft^ytatof. Cf S. § 177. 1. — ah I'yojyi, The position of these words 
is beautiful and emphatic. iv xw Traoovrt, at the present time, 

9. yau aoi. Pop. writes ydo aoi on the ground that aiif, as opposed 
to ayfw in the next clause, is the emphatic word. But it is easy to 
see that an emphasis even then rests on the pronoun. Cf. Butt § 14. 

7. naaa (= oktj. So Hesych.) fihv iifjuv bdoq, the whole of our 

way homeward. dia axorovq = axorf^vij, dark, i. e. unknown, 

unexplored. qio^fooq, fearful, i. e. an object of fear. q^ofif^Jto' 

tarov. " When tlie adjective is a predicate, it often stands in the 
neut. sing., although the subject is masc, fem., or in the plur." Mt 
5 437. 4. ifjrifila is opposed to ox^oq. 

10. Ei 6h dij xal, biU if indeed, dXXo t* «r rj tbv (Vfity^tfjp xcr* 

taxteCvavreq, what else (would happen) than having slain ourbenefac* 
tor. For the construction of aXXo t*, cf Mt § 487. 9 ; Butt § 150. 

p. 436. ftptduov. In the pubJc games, the candidates werp 

onatched by lot In case >f an odd number, he who drew it was call> 



«8 NOTEg. [Book U. 

CO ftprSgo^ {inl and F^oa, a seat), and awaited the igsue oi the contest 
in order to be opposed to the conqueror. Cf. Man. Clas. Lit. § 81. p 

497. For the construction of iknidwr i^oLvrov arti>riaai/itj cf. S. 

§ 181. 2. 

1 1. yao {iUustraiUis. See N. on I. 6 § 6) introduceB an explana- 
tion of the preceding proposition. Cf. Mt. § 615. xdv tore. See 

N. on II. 2. § 20. Of = ixdvoy ov, S. § 150. 5. • Kvoov dtfch- 

^tfj i. e. the army of Cyrus, which Arieeus was now leading. 

/»4>a»', i. e. the satrapy referred to, I. 1. § 2. T^r Sh paailftuc; Suvot- 

ftiv. ji Kvooq 7T oh ft ttff/o^To J aoi rai'trjr av/4fiaxov otiaaVj and the king's 
pmcer^ which Cyi-us found hostile (= which was hostile to Cyrus) 
being ifi alliance with you (== being your support). For the constnic- 
lion of ^/ofTaj awH^ovxa^ and olaar, cf. S. § 222. 2 ; of Tat'-ri/r, cf. N. on 
Totrra?, I. 10. § 18. 

12. Tox'trwf dh roiovtatv orrwy, these things being so, • 'Ssrt? ov 

fiovXtrai,, cts not to wish. o«t»? ailer ovrta is put for Sore, Cf. Mt 

§ 479. Obs, 1. 'Alia firiv, furthermore. igw .... ilvai. I have 

given this clause the marks of parenthesis on the authority of Weiske, 
Schneider, and Poppo. But Kriiger makes it an anacoluthon, the 
construction, as commenced, requiring something like xoU fifitlq noXla 
vfidq uifpfUlv 6vrr}o6ftf&a, Cf. Mt. § 631. 2. See also N. on 111. 2. § 11. 

13. yog in fi>v yog serves to explain xaxna in the preceding 

proposition. Cf Mt § 615 Tend) ; also N. on § 11, supra. o*^ 

— Mvaovq — oi'Ttt?, / know that the Mysians are, Cf. S. § 222. 2 
This construction is of such frequent occurrence as to require no fur- 
ther notice. ^— Construct w with 7ra^aa/<Iy. runuvovq v/Hr, 

subject to you, axoi^o> — tlvat, Mt says (§ 549. 6. Obs, 2.) axovnr, 

to hear intelligence oj something, to receive inform ation from hearsay y 
commonly takes the infinitive instead of the participle. Cf. Rost § 129. 

4. c. Totoivra, i. e. of the same disposition with the Mysians and 

Pisidians. o olfiai av navaai ivox^ovvxa ail, which I think I can 

cause to cease from continually disturbing. For the construction of 
navaai h'ox^ovrra, cf Butt. § 141. N. 3; S. § 222. 3 ; of tvdatftopiif, cf S. 

§ 196. 2. Aiyvntlovq follows xoAocorcor^c in the next clause." ovx 

ogd no((f, Svvafiii avfi/idxtp /^i/rra^cfoft /idlXov av xoldaiaO-t rijq rvp av9 
ifiot ouflri/s, I see not what allied force you can better employ to chastise 
than the one now with me. 7iot<f. The interrogative pronominal ad 
jectives are used in indirect as well as in direct questions. Cf S 
§ 147. av is to be taken with jt(>i7oroe^ffot, which it weakens, t^c — 
ovafiq ^ijtfi ovatj, Cf Mt § 454. Obs. 2 ; Butt § 132. N. 5 ; S. § 186. 

14. *Alka fiiiv — ytj bit still further, yet more, nigi^ (= ntgi 

taken absolutely) rowfia jbout, t^ =» tcm. See N. on I. 9. { 7 

Thap. v.] notks. 279 

fityiaroq. Repeat q>Cloq from the prccedin"^ clause, and supply 

fXO)v Tfidq vTtfi^eta^ from the clause below. — — w? Ssoizotriq avaaxfi^ 
foin, as a master you may conduct yourself {iowQ.rdB him), apaargf- 
ipofiat in the middle signifies to turn one^s 8elfarx)und\ hence to 
move about, (among persons) = to live, to pass one^s time, to conduct 

one's self. fjp ata&^'vteq vtto aov aol av ^/oifiiv ^(xa^a>$, which we 

sTumld justly owe you as our deliverer. awO-fvtfq vtio aov, having been 
saved by you. 

15. otTw — O-avfiaaxov, so strange, to ah fifuv ajuatfiv is 

the subject of Jox«I. Cf. S. § 159. N. 1. rovvofia is put for to 

Hvofia. Cf. S. 24. oxma dfivbq Afynv, 80 eloquent a speaker, Cf. 

S. § 219. 1. d7tr}fieCq)&-fi, 1 aor. of aTtafuC^ioO-at, a Homeric 

f^ord for aTioxQCvfaO-ai. 

16. '^V! fiSofiai. iihv — axoxmv^ well, 1 am pleased to hear. See 
N. on aAAot, II. 1. § 20. For the construction of dxotW, cf. S. § 222. 
3. '^? ^, but in order that. 

17. iv fi, by mea7is of which, iv with its case is here used instead 

of the simple dative o{ means. Cf. Mt. § 396. Obs. 2. avxvndaxtif 

Si ovSeiq yJvSvvnq, and there would be tw danger of suffering in turn. 
For the construction of avtiTtdaxO'f, cf. S. § 221. N. 4. 

18. *u4XXa is here used in proposing an objection in an interroga- 
tive form, which the speaker himself answers. For the construction 
of /wo^wf — dnogtlv, cf. S. § 181. 1 ; of iTiirriStCuiv — iTurC&ta&tu, S. 
§ 219. 1. ov ToaaPra fi^p TztSta — Sia7ro(j(V(a&-f, are you not pars- 
ing through 80 many plains. nogmrea is constructed with v/ur 

Cf. S. § 200. 2. d fjfiiv I'^iati TtgoxataXa^omir oinoQa vfilv nage- 

Xt y, which by preoccupying we can make impacsable to you. For nqo- 
KaraXafiovaiv in the dat with fffuv, instead of the acous. with the omit- 
ted subject of Tiaof/fiv^ cf. N. on II. 1. § 2. tafinviad-ai, (from 

rafitaq, a steward), to lay by for use, and hence, to use mjoderately, is 
applied to soldiers, who do not expend theii whole strength in the 
first attack, but so reserve it as to be able to fight repeatedly ; or, in- 
stead of attacking the enemy in a body, select no more than they can 
encounter with success. The latter is the sense here. By means of the 
rivers, the Persians could divide the Greek forces, and by letting a 
part pass over before the attack was made, encounter just the num- 
ber they pleased. Cf. Cyr. III. 3. § 47 ; Thucyd. VI. 18. § 3. 

Elal (T avTtHv, sc. raiv notafiwp, Cf. N. on 1. 5. § 7, TzavraTtaai^ 

at all. 

19. *u4XXd — y/ Tot, yet you well know, ov ti/islq dvva(ftt&* of 

ttmaxavaavnq Xi^fJiov vfiiv dvrird^at, by burning which we could arraif 
famine against you ndw dya&oi, ever so brave. 

fiSO IIOTES. [Book U 

20. dp oh — xovTop &9. For the repetition of olp, cf. N. on 1 3, 

§ 6. TtoQov^j waysj means, • xovxov av top xQonov, that very 

mode, TiQoq O't&r, Cf. N. on I. 6. § 6. 

21. dTtoQiop iarl^ it is the part of those without resources. For the 

construction, cf. S. § 175. roitfav noftiq^v^ and those too (who 

are) wicked. Cf N. on xo* taixa^ I. 4. § 12. In this sentence there 
are two modes of construction combined, anogmv iarl — to i&^Xup. 
which is the natural order, being changed to anogwr iatl — oiTirc« 

i&fXovai. Cf. Mt. § 632. 6. dTiiarCaqf perjidy, aXoynjTOh 

void of reason^ inconsiderate. 

22. *^kXci xC dtj vfiaq Ifov anoXiaai,^ hut why^ when it was in our pow- 
er to destroy you. For Vf of, cf S. § 168. N. 2. ini rovro ijX&o/itPj 

" hoc conaXi sumus." Knig. rovrov (i. e. roii fiti inl TofTo iX&dv) 

depends upon atrto?, With which tov .... yspea&ai is in apposition. 
Dind. and Bom., after the Eton MS., read to — ytpta&ai. Although 
this is admissible (Cf Mt § 543. Ohs. 3), yet the common reading is 

to be preferred. See Mt. § 542. Ohs. 1. 6. /9; S. § 221. N. 1. ^ 

has TovTo; in the next clause for its antecedent S. § 150. 4. ft- 

nxfc is placed after the relative by attraction. S. § 151. R. 6. 

fuaO-odoaCaq is opposed to tvtqytaCoLq. 

23. "Ooot, in how many ways. Cf S. § 167. to d^ /itytarop. 

This refers to the idea hinted at in the next clause, which, if carried 
into execution, would place the Greeks on the same footing with Tis- 

saphemes, as that on which they had stood with Cyrus. ndgap 

— oQ&rjv, an upright tiara, those of the king's subjects, being soft 
and flexible, and therefore falling on one side. Concerning this roy- 
al prerogative, cf Cyr. VIII. 3. § 13 ; Joseph. Antiq. Jud. XX. 3 ; 

Dion. Chrysost XIV. rijv 6* irl rfj xagdtff — Ij^o*. Repeat 6Q&r,t 

and render may have (== wear) an upright one upon (i. e. in) his 
heart. Tissaphernes intimated to Clearchus, that he intended to re- 
volt from the king, and should therefore need the assistance of the 

24. (vTTtv — ^(pfi, Krftger remarks that when tiTtt is not accom- 
panied by rdSe or w(Jf, fcpij is added pleonastically. oVxtPtq repre 

Bents ixnrot (S. § 150. 5), the omitted subject oCtiau tlq (piXlav^r 

to promote friendship. Sta^dXXovtfq, by slandering, Clearchus sus- 
pected Menon to have been the author of the misunderstanding, yet 
he uses the plural, as a softer way of giving utterance to his suspi- 

25. iv tw ijuxpavel = (pavfgdiq, ^^palam>, i, e. sine insidiis.^^ Sturz. 
27. *Ex tovxfav dri xwv XoywPy when the conference was ended, liter- 
Ally, after these words. The reason that Tissaphernes did no violence 

Chap. V.] NOTES. 2^1 

to Clearchus at this time, was his hope lo decoy more of the generals 
and cohort leaders into the snare he so artfully had laid, than were 

then present ndw (piXixwq olofisvo^ d^uxflaO-at, tw Tioaaqif'^vfij 

that he thought his relations to Tissaphemes were very friendly=that 
Tissaphemes was vci^y well disposed towards hinu diaxna&at is 

here used subjectively. ?>l«y«f. Cf. N. on ^aav, I. 1. § 6. 

Twf 'EXXt^voiv depends on oV. S. § 177. 1. avroi/^ is put for rov 

xovq (Mt. § 469. 8), and and is the untecedeut of ot 

28. tkpai rov diafidXXorra Mi/aya^ that Menon was the calumnia 
tor, Ctesias apud Phot, Bibliotn. p. 130. says: KXtaijxoq — xa» 
Me'voiv del didipoQoi aHijAot? itt'yxavov Jtor* tw jikv KXidgx^ dnavza 

' Q Kv(Joq avvepovXtvt roi) ^^ M4v(avoq Xoyoq ovdnq ijv, — — azaaidir 

iopta alto), was creating a party against him (i. e. Cleaichuft;. 

(f^tXoq ^ Tiaaa(p€iivgtr, i. e. comaiend himself to the friendly considera- 
tion of the Persian, which ho could the more easily cl?>, it he had the 
whole army under his command. 

29. 7i(jhq taxtrov tx^iv Tif/ yvoiftrir, should he inclined to him, should 
follow him %s leafier, Uteially, should have their mind to him, Cf. 
Thucyd. III. 25. § 2. On the use of the article in xriv yvtafitjv, cf. N. 

on nqoq^x^vxi xov vovv, I. 5. § 9. dvtiXtyov — firi iivai>, Cf. S. 

§ 225. 3. 

30. The infatuation of Olearchus cun only be accounted for, in his 
excessive desire to expose the base intrigues of Menon, which rendered 

him blind to all prudential considerations. Jtaxt, until. utq tiq 

dyogdv, as though going to market. They were consequently unarmed. 

32. dno TO? ainov atifidov, at the same signal. Diodorus says. 

that a purple flag was rim up from the tent of Tissaphernes. 

^*vi — Ttdvtaq. See S. § 150. K. 5. 

33. innaaCav, riding about. A verbal noun from Inndt^ofiau S. 

{ 129. 3. o Tt inoCovv rifufn/poovv, they were in doubt as to wftai 

the Persians were doing. /tfjlv, until. 

34. *Ex rovtov drj, immedtultly. vofiCt^ovteq avtCxa ^^ttv avrohq 

tnl TO atQaroTifdov, thinking that they (i. e. the Persians) would 
forthwith come to (i. e. attacK) the camp. So any one would have 
supposed. For if the Greeks, in the first moments of their surprise 
and consternation, had been attacked by the Persian cavalry, they 
most likely would have all shared the fate of their unfortunate generals. 
But their foes contented themselves with cutting off a few stragglers, 
and then reacted the vain farce (cf. II. 1. §§ 7-23) of demanding the 
arms of those, whom they had not the courage to attack, even when 
deprived of their principal leaders. But as Rennell truly observes, 
^^ villany seldom see its way clear enough to a'^'*omphsh its utmont 


282 m)T£& [Book It 

3d. «I ck. Jf. N. on I. 4. § 9. *!»;. Cf. S. § 216. 4. For 

the construction of (jT^aTi/yr; and Poj^ayo?, see S. § 151. 3. — Ttw 
aJtayyeUmai. Cf. N. on I. 9. § 27. 

37. *OoxofifPioQj cm Orchomeniaru Orchomenus was a name com- 
mon to several cities in Greece. The one to which Cleanor belong- 
ed was m Arcadia. Xtt^Qiaofoq <f x. r. X, The absence of Chirit- 

ophus is given as a reason why he was not of the number, who went 
out to meet the Persian deputies. 

38. (iq iTTTixnnv, Within hearing distance. xal r^&vfjxf is epex- 

egetical of t^i' d{y.qr and may be rendered, namely death. 

dnaiTH. This verb signifies to demand from any one what is one's 
own, or is justly due to him. Cf V. 8. § 4. For its construction 
with vftdq and oTrXa, cf. S.§ 165. 1. 

39. oi aAAo(, sc. vftnq. —— rjfiiv rnvq avtovq (pO.ovq xal i/'^Q^^'^ *'o- 
(tiflv, to consider the same persons friends and enemies which we did. 
For the construction of ^^wlf, cf. Butt.' § 133. N 1 ; S. § 195. N. 3. vo- 

fiiflv. Cf. N. on xa&^KlVj II. 1. § 4. o}q in this place has furnished 

much trouble to critics and commentators. Some conjt^ture that it 
should be omitted, others, that it stands for o//m;, and others, that it 
should be written oJ?. But the MS. testimony is too unanimous to 
admit of its erasure ; and o/rw?, which Dind. calls " frigidam Stepha- 
ni conjecturam," is equally as troublesome to dispose of; while &q is 
never found except in the formulas, xal oi?, ovd* w?, etc. (Cf. Mt § 628 
end). But the difficulty disappears, if we suppose that the speaker, 
in the vehemence of his feelings having overlooked his previou3 use 
of o'^tivtq = oTt (Cf. Mt. § 480. c ; Butt. § 143. 1), repeated «? = on 
(CfvMt. § 628 ; 5. Butt § 149 ; Passow, No. 4). That the construc- 
tion is somewhat disturbed appears from TtfJoSovrtq — 7t(}odeSwx6 
ttq. olx aia/tivta^e — o^ttvsq ofioaavtfq — w? aTToAcuA^xarf, may 
then be rendered, are you not ashamed — that when you had sworn 

— that you (I say) have destroyed. xal tovq akXovq — lq>' iifiaq. 

Krtig. conjectures that the order is, xal ^nl tovq aXlovq rifiaq (Cf. Mt. 
§ 595. 3) aifv roXq nnXfft/oiq fo/faO^fj thus omitting the participle Ttqo- 
SidojxoTfq. But if it be borne in mind, that the natural expression ol 
high mental excitement, is a multiplied and disordered use of epithets, 
we shall cease to wonder at the confused structure of the sentence, 
or the needless repetition of any of its words. 

40. KXfaQxoq yotv. The ellipsis implied by yotQ (Cf N. on I. 1 
f 6) may thus be supplied : (we have done no. wrong) ^r Clearchus. 
J I 41., KXtaaxf^s fihp ToCvvv X. T. X. Xenophpn in his reply does nn 
intimate that Clearchus was guilty, but on the assumption that he 
WBf 80, acknowledges the justice of his punishmient He employed 
Jje argum^efnlum ad hominem, i e. he granted that Clearch««, if guilty. 

Chap. VI.] NOTF.S. 283 

oad suffered justly, but argued that Proxenus and Menon being, as 
AriaBus and his party said, in high honor, should be restored to their 
troops. This was a brief but unanswerable argument, and clearly 
exposed the duplicity of the Persians. 


1. aq paad^a, Cf. N. on 1. 2. § 4. d7tor/itTi&^€Vtfqra<; xf^aAdt?, 

having been beheaded. Cf. S. § 167. Prof Woolsey remarks (N. 
on ^schyl. Prometh. 362), that *' all such cases may be resolved 
into ^xu) with the participle of the verb used, and the accusative." 

elq fthv. For flq in apposition with ntoarriyof, cf N. on II. 4. 

§ 1. fiiv corresponds with de in Jlon^fvoq dK § 16. ofioXoYovfif¥mq 

iy ndvtuiv rwv ^fimCotoq avtov ^/orrwi', "&y the admission of all who^ 

knew himy Felton. ifi7iiC(J0)q — ^xovxon', Cf N. on I. 1. § 5. 

iaxdtwq^ to the last degree. 

2. Kal yat) dq, for now. ydg illustrantis. Cf. N. on I. 6. § 6. 

?w?, a>s long as, refers here to an event which is certain and therefore 

takes the indicative. Cf Butt. § 146. 3; Mt. § 522. 1. Ttole/ioqj 

i. e. the Peloponnesian war. TtagtfifiPBv, remained^ sc. in the ser- 
vice of the state. Opposed to this is ovxf'rt TifiO-gtai, § 3. infra. 

tovq"EV.rivaq, i. e. the Greeks who inhabited the Thracian Chersone- 

sus. Cf. I. 3. § 4. Sianga^dfievoq wq iSvvaro naga xia¥ *E(p6g(aVj 

having obtained from the Ephori (as large supplies) as he was able, 
wq idiratOj SC. diaTtgd^aa &-at. The *'E(pogoij from time to time, had 
assumed much greater powers, than were originally given them by 
Lycurgus. They had all the outward symbols of supreme authority, 
were the arbiters of peace and war, had the control of the public mo- 
ney, Jind could even fine or imprison their kings. wq noUfiriafav. 

Cf. N. on l. 1. § 3. xoiq — Qgtf^Cvy sc. oixovaiv. 

3. fiftayvovrtq Ttiaq, having somehow changed their mind. 

i^drj ^^(li orxoq avxov, when he had now departed. 'la&fiov, i. e. 

the isthmus of Corinth. y/fro nXfotr. he sailed away. Cf. S. 

5222. N. 2. . 

4. i&avaxw&'rij he was condemned to death. xflvHv, magis- 
trates = Ephori. onoloiq .... ytyganxai. A difHcult clause, 

sijice, by referring to L 1. § 9, we find only Kvgoq TjydtjO-ri avxov. 
Kriig» thinks that Xenophon, memorice vitioy thought he narrated 
more in 1. I. § 9, than he really did. It is evident that nothing can bo 
Mudol tlie passage, which is not mere conjecture. 

3. nxQ t«»»'Toi# sc. Tot* jf^ofoi'. Jttptgt xrX ^yef, a^ebat et fer* 

284 NOT>:8. [Book H. 

ebcUj he ravaged^ plundered, TtoXt/iHv SifyMto, he continued tfi 

wage war, S. § 222. 4. — ftf'xijtq ov = jm*/^* toi'toi/ t »i5 xQopov ot«, 
until the time when, until that, Cf. Mt § 480. b. 

6. ^^oi'. Cf. N. on II. 5. § 22. QffS^vfAtly, (from gddtoq, easy. 

and i^i'iio^, temper,) to be easy-tempered, free from care. In this 
place as opposed to novilr, it signifies to be at ease, to be without la- 
bor, fiovXttatj prefers, a sense which Butt (Lexil. No. 35) says 

this verb seldom has in prose, but which is here discoverable by its 

antithesis with ifov ^aO-vfAslv, won noXffidv, in order thai he 

might carry on war, Cf. S. § 220. 1. fuCova ravta noulv, to di- 
minish it, i. e. his wealth. naid^xa. See N. on § 28, infra. 

ovrat (S. § 15. 3), thus == to such a degree. 

7. te corresponds with xa* in xoi iv xolq dftrolq, Cf. S. § 228. N. 

4. iv reiiq dttvailq, in the dangers (of war) = in battles. — •— oi 

naqovxtq, i. e. those who had personal knowledge of his courage and 
conduct in the hour of danger. 

8. a^/»xo?, qualified to govern, w? Swatovt as far as waspos- 

rt6/e. ^x rov toiovtov TpoTrou olov xal ixnvoq tlx^"", from such a 

disposition as he also had, tqotzov -answers here to what we call 

turn of mind, oTnaq f^fi, Cf N. on I. 3. § 11. ifiTtoitjaai,, to 

impress upon, TtuaTtop tXri KXid^xv = ^*^ ns^&ta&ai KXtdgx^' 

Cf S. § 162. N. 1. 

9. ^x rov /aAfTTOf f^'at, by being austere, ix here denotes ihe 
means, Cf Mt. § 574. For the construction of /aA«;ro5, cf S. § 161 

N. ; of c^f'at, S. §221. og^v atvyvoq, harsh to look upon, S. 

§ 219. N. 3. aiTy fierafidUiv, Cf N. on I. 6. § 7 (end). ia&* 

ors for forrtf on, sometimes, literally, there is when, xeti, cdso, 

yrtifiji, purposely, designedly, is opposed to ogyfj. Both these datives 
are used adverbially. 

10. fitXXoir, EC ixslvoq referring to rov atgatiwtfi¥, For tlie 

construction of (pvXaxa^ <pvXd^Hv, cf Butt § 131. 3 ; S. § 164. 

tplXwv d<p€^fa&ai, to aistain from bringing injury upon friends 

dngo<paaCaxb)q, promptly. The most important qualifications of a 

soldier are here enumerated, viz., fidelity in keeping guard, abstinence 
from injuring friends or allies, and readiness to attack the enemy. 

11. fid-iXov ainov dxovfir (s= nfid-agx^iv) atpodga^ they wHlingly 
paid him prompt obedience. For the construction ofti&tXov, cf Butt 

§ 150. p. 440. dXXov, sc. argatrjyBV. <patdgov, plea>sanlne8S. h 

rolq TtgoqiaTtotq, upon his countenance. A pare use of this plural de 
mUtu unius. i^gwfifvor, perf pass, part of gavvvfn, S. § 118. P. 

12. I'fcu rov Shvov, out of danger, Cf S. § 188. 2. ngoq dJir 

loi/«, sc. argarriyovq. dgxofievovq, to be commanded (S. ) 222. fL 

Chap. VI.] rOTKS. 285 

3), referring to artjatnatoLq the omitted subject of caiUtiu* '^ — td yaq 
^txctqi, owe t7xiv^for?i>e had no suavity of manners, intxaqt is op- 
posed to /aA*;ro? and <u^o$ in the next member. — ditxuvro ngoq 
aurof, were disposed, had the same feelings towards him. 

13. vTio Tov Stla&ai is to be constructed with xatfxofitvoi. The 
meaning of the passage is, that no soldiers followed him, except such 
as were commanded to do so by their state, or compelled by their own 
wants and necessities, and these were to the highest degree obedient. 

14. TO T« yog ngoq tovq noXgfACovq &<t^QaXf(i)q ?/«*f Ttagtjv, hterally, 
for both to feel bold against the enemy was with them = they were not 
afraid of the enemy. The clause to ... . ^x^iv is the subject of na- 
Qfjv, Cf. S. § 159. 2. For the construction of ^a^QaXemq fx^^^^ cf. N. on 

I. 1. § 5. (pofifla&at, literally, to frighten one's self i. e. to fear, in 

which new sense it may be regarded as transitive. Cf. Butt § 135. 
4. Sophocles (§ 207. N. 1), regards the accusative after <pofifo/icu 
as properly speaking synecdochical. 

15. ol fidXa i&^Xfiv == to have been greatly averse, Cf. N. on ov- 
9\v ijx&tto, I. 1. § 8. 

16. eif&vq filv fingdxinv wy, as soon OS he was a youth, = while yet 

in extreme youth. For the construction, cf. S. § 222. N. 4. Fog^ 

yCa, Gorgias of Leontini in Sicily. dgyvgtov, i. e. tuition money. 

Diod. says that Gorgias received from each pupil 100 mince, which, 
according to the value given the Attic drachm by Hussey (Cf. N. on 
I. 4. § 13), would be $1805.50. It was probably during his residence 
in Thessaly, that Gorgias taught Proxenus. 

17. Ixavoq, Cf. S. § 161. 1. agxftv and tirrda&ai. depend upon 

Ixaroq. /Iff ^TT aa^at fvtgyctfav, not to be surpassed in doing good^ 

i, e. to be able to repay all obligations under which he might lie to hig 
friends, tvtgyttiav, a participle from evfgyftioi, 

18. offodga fvdriXov av xal rovro civ^ci*, on the other hand, he very 

plainly showed this. rovtiav refers to iTtiSvfiaiv. See N. on a/id' 

fcK — ravxaq, 1. 10. § 18. fietd dStxCaq = dStxmq, In Uke man- 
ner avp Ttt SixaCw xal xaXw == Sixatmq xdl xaXciq, — - toi'tw^ rvyxdrnp* 

See S. § 178. 2. avtv Si tovtw*', i. e. contrary to the principles 

of justice and honor. ^47 is highly emphatic from its position at 

the close of the sentence. 

19. oUSu, respect, -. ^avrov limits alSdi and (pofiov, and is used 

objectively. S. § 173. N. 2. 'jaxvrtro /idXXop rovq arganwrciq, 

he stood in greater awe of his soldiers, 

20. *'Ilitto .... Soxtlp, literally, he thought it sufficient for the being 
ir seeming to be qualified to command, i. e. for the real exercise or 
outward show of command. — inmvtip is the subject of dg*9lr. 

286 NOTES. [Book a 

' Moi/a&ol tSv awoftmr, Cf. S. § 177. i. — — tvfttraxtigiatv^ 
easily circumvented^ literally, easily handled, easy to be managed, 
Cr. Thucyd. VI. 85. § 3. irwp. S. § 175. 

21. Xajufidvoi — xfQSaCroi, The verb Xa'jupdptip signifieB to take^ 
as by force, to receive, bb wages ; xi(jSaCvot^ to receive, as presents. 
fir, didoCrj dCxriv, he might escape punishment. 

22. 'Enl .... w«To, he thought that the shortest way to accomplish 
what he designed. For the construction of wi*, cf. S. §§ 150. 5 : 182. 

— dkri&^q = a desire to speak the truth. ^— to aiWo tw fiXi&^ 
the same thing with folly. S. § 195. N. 3. 

23. OTO) — toi'tw. Cf. S. § 150. 4. rwv .... Ttdvrwp dependi 

upon xarayeXu)p (Cf. S. § 182), which here signifies laughing at^ i.e. 
turning into ridicule. 

24. ta. . . . Xafipdvfiv, he thcught himself the only one, who knew 
that it was most easy to take the unguarded possessions of frienuis. 
g^arov superlative ofg^dtoq. S. § 59. For the construciion o^ddtrm 

— ov, cf. N. on I. 10. § 16. 

25. oaovq = tnvrovq oaovq, of which, toi'toi/? depends upon itpo- 

fitiro, w? ev wTtXiafierovq, as if they were well armed, is opposed to 

avdvdgoiq, unmanly, defenceless. j^gria-O-ai, to use = to practise on, 

26. dydXXftat, prides himself on, eamlts in, followed by the dative 

either with or without the preposition. tw i^ajrar^v 6vvaa&ou^ 

m his ability to deceive. Cf S. § 198. dTtaiStvtoiv, sc. fva. S. 

§ 175. N. 3. — Kat nag olq fi^v Ine/flgft' Ttgwrtrdv fpiXla, SiafidXXwf 
rovq Ttgwrovq, roi>r ovq w«to (fdv xn^aaaO-ai, and when he desired to be- 
come the first friend of any persons^ he thought that (in order to ef- 
fect this) it was necessary to gain their friendship by calumniating 
their friends (i. e. his rivals). Jtag o'?, in whose estimation. <pdla, 
in respect to friendship, ngonovq, former witJi reference to Menon. 
xovtovq refers to the persons, whose friendship Menon wished to cul- 
tivate, and is the antecedent of ok in the first member. 

27. To • . ,, Ttagt'xea^ai depends on iftrixardto, S. § 102. 3. 

iu rov avpadixelv avtdiq, " by becoming an accomplice in their crimes.'' 

Spel. fi^Cov, he wished. ot* nXiiata dvvcuro naX i&iXoi ap 

aStxtlv, that he was very able and willing to he a villain. 

28. Kal xa filv dij dtpavri ^^taxi Ttfgi avrov y;tvdta&a&, now one may 
lie concerning him with respect to things unseen, i. e. there is room 
for falsehood, in detailing those points in Menon's character more re- 
moved from public observation. For the construction of ra dqavrj. 
cf. S. § 167. 'jigialr i^^fiagftdgw ofTt x. t. L Reference is here 

had to the foul and unnatural crime of pcederasty, ay^pe&oq •» 

fviUhra This shows the extreme youth of die parties, the one 

Cmmw. VI.] N(n£& 28^ 

being yet without a beard, and the other just ht.viag one. The po- 
sition of these words is strongly emphatic. 

29. oTt, because. Cf. N. on 1. 2. § iil. oUx^aO-tlq. Some think 

that Menon was mutilated by the command of the king (Cf. 1. 9. § 13), 
and afler a year of ignominy and suffering came to his end. Others 
suppose, that reference is had in oUx^a&ilq to the disgrace in which 
he lived in consequence of his vile deeds. 

30. xat toi'to), these atsL. Cf. N. on L IC. § 18. i% f«iU«H^ s. e 

with respect to their treatmeot of fiiemliu 

NOTES rSottV ni 



1. iv talq anovdouq^ during the time of the league^ i. •. while the 
league was unbroken. These words are to be taken with iytvero, 

2. drtogCo^ embarrassment^ perple^rity, irrl ralq pctat^Xftuq &i^ 

(fai>q, Cf. N. on II. 4. § 4. xvxlw S* avrdiq Tzavrri, abotU them on 

all sides. ovStlq ^Tt, no one any longer. For the construction ol 

'EXXddoq, cf. N. on I. 10. § 4. 7t)Jop. I have followed the common 

reading, instead of oi* fitlor, adopted by Dind., Bom., Pop., and sev- 
eral others. Krug. well remarks, " ov ftiiov non satis aptum videiur 
cum GrteciaB (i. e. Ionise) distantia longe major quam hie dicitur fu- 

erit" Cf. II. 2. § 6. didfjyor, " reditu arcebant." Sturz. 

nl p<xQfia{jot^ i. e. Ariseus and his party. fiovoi 6^ xataXt- 

XBtjjftevm ^ootr, that they had been utterly deserted by their allies. 

tvdijlov, very evident. «v is intensive like the Eng. well, in words with 
which it is compounded. — Xftq)&tCti, i. e. left alive. 

3. dO-vfuoq f/ovrfq, Cf. N. on I. 1. § 5. tiq Trjv ianftjar, in the 

evening of that day. For the construction of ot/tov, cf. S. § 179. !• 

inl dh ret o;rAa,=to their quarters. The despondency, into which 

the army sank after the treacherous seizure of the generals, is here 
given with great pathos and force. 

4. 6V avtoq fepij xQfCttat favrw vofii^nv r^g narqCdoq^ whom he ^Prox- 
jnus) said he considered of mare use to himself than his country, i. e. 
Proxenus expected greater advantages from Cyrus than from hw 

5. vitontt\>aaq iiri rt nqot; r^9 noXtmq ol vTtairiov ttfi Kvqw tplXov 
Ytp^a&ai, fearing lest perhaps he should be blamed by his city (i. e. 
Athens), on account of his being a friend to Cyrus, r*, in something 
or other. Butt. § 150. p. 435. For the construction of of vnoUtiot efif, 

cf S. § 200. 2. Dind. reads inatt^ov, KvQoq .... (ntfi7toXtfii,a<u, 

The Peloponnesian war is here referred to. rw ^««, i. e. Apollo. 

6. r/rt ai' &ewvj to which of the gods. A different inquiry from the 

one which Socrates directed him to make. ndXliara xal a^tota. 

See IV. on II. 1. 5 9. fX&oi rtiv hShf, he might perform the jour- 

Cw^. 1.] NOTES. 289 

ney, Cf. S. § 164. Otolq ofe, by attraction o/the antecedent to 

l)te relative, for &tovq olq, Cf. N. on &XXov o(tr&poq, I. 4. ^ 5. 

7. fiartf^av, response of the oracle, xoCvaq,?iavingdetermined» 

irtov =r= noQtvtfov. For the construction, cf. N. on I. 3. § 11. 

xoino refers to the clause beginning with o;ra»? «V. riqov, 2 aor. 

mid. of fQoftat. 

8. xaTalaftpdvet^JindSj meets with, fiMovtaq ijdij b^fifyv rijp 

QLvw odoi', being ready to march into the interior. For the construc- 
tion o^ [ihXXovxcu; — oQfi^v, cf. S. §219. N. 1. Hutch. supplies tiq or 

inl before odov^ but it is better to refer it to S. § 163. 2. awtar"' 

l^rj, was introduced, 

9. irtgiSap tdx^ara ^ argareCa Aif^fj, as soon as the expedition was 
ended. flq FlffaCdaq, Cf. I. 1. § 11. 

10. ovrwq i^ttTtarrj&tlq, having been thus deceived in respect to 

the object of the expedition. aacpt'q = tvStiXov. oi TtolloL 

the greater part. Cf. Mt. § 266. d^ alaxirtjv xai dXX'^loiv xal Kv(jnv^ 

through fear of being objects of shame to one another and to Cyrus, 
xlaxi'vrjv i« here used szibjectively, in the sense of feeling of shamsj 
dread of disgrace. When taken objectively, it signifies the cause of 
shame to. Had any of the generals deserted the expedition, they 
would have been stigmatized as cowards and traitors by their fellow 
commanders (Cf. I. 4. § 7), and as men incapable of gratitude by 
Cyrus (Cf. II. 3. § 22). " 

11. *E7ttl ^, The narrative is here resumed from § 3. fiixijov Sh 

vTtrov Xax^v ( = Tiyfwv), having obtained a little sleep, vnvnv. Cf, 

S. § 178. 2. aKTinxoq — naaav. The construction unchanged 

ATOuld have been axrinrhq — naaa, ^x in ^x xovtov denotes the 

cause. So Krftger. ndaavj sc. olxlav. 

12. HtQlfofioq, exceedingly terrified, nf^l in composition is oflen 

intensive. dvtiY^'Q&ri = IvriYQtto, Cf. Butt § 136. 2 ; S, § 206. 

N. 2. TtTi fi^v — Ttfj Siy in one respect — in another. — in 

Jioq, coming from Zeus. fiaa^Xhiqy " regum tutoris et regitB gentis 

apud Persas auctoris." Poppo /*^ ov Svva^to, lest he should not 

be able. Cf. N. on I. 7. § 7. 

IC ^Onoiov Tt fiirzoi, iatl to roioiitop ovag iSnv, what kind of 
things however, such a dream signifies, i. e. whether such a dream 
forbodes good or evil. The dream itself left Xenophon in doubt as 
to what it meant, but the events which followed furnished an inter- 
pretation. *On6i6v tt is the predicate (S. § 160. N. 1), and to to»o?« 

cor Sra^ idiiv, the subject of iaxl, fwota amo) ifinCnxt^ the 

thought occurs to him nQopaivti, advances=iB passing away. 

tUfKi sc. iarl, it is probable, ri i/AizoSifv /m^ ovxl x. r. L, what wiU 


200 NOTES. [Book IH 

kinder out dying tgnominioualy, after having Mntnessed all the rncOl 
cruel sights, and sneered the most dreadfv2 torments, iftnaSmt, 
before the feel, in the way, fiij ovxl. S. § 225. 2. vftgil^ofUvovq, being 
insulted = amidst ingulto. 

14. mantq i^or, sc. tif^^lv, as though it were in our power, Cf. I^« 

jn II. 5. § 22. *Eyot ovp top ix nolaq 7t6Xt»q atQarij/op Trgo^oxm 

raf'ra Tuta^nr, from what city, then, am I expecting a general to do 
these things. " Xenophon metuisse se eignificat ne arrogans videre- 
lur, 8i cum Spartanus dux Chirisophus adesset, ipse Atheniensis ex- 
ercilui prospicere studeret." Kruge;". Cf. VI. 1. § 86. no^etq, S. § 147. 
TovTot refers to tlie means of defence, alluded to in the beginning of 

the section, nqa^nt. Cf. S. § 219. 2. f^X^xlav, Cf. N. on 1. 1. § 131 

Of* yaq Iffty ttt TiQtafivtiQo^ faojiai = I shaU forthwith be put to death* 
trifttQop, to-day. The civil day began with the Greeks at the set- 
ting of the sun. 

15. vfitlq. Supply xa&tvitiv 9iivua^t from the preceding clause; 
iv oioi^t sc. Ttgdyfiaatv, Cf. II. 1. § 16 ; VII. 6. § 24. 

16. xaXwq xa kavruv nageaxevda&cu, that they had well arranged 
their affairs* 

17. ©5 refers to fiaaiXtl, xai xt&rrixotoq ^^ij, even when he was 

already dead. ^~ — -^^a? d\ x, r, X, Xenophon employs the cwgumen- 
tum a fortiori. He argues that if the king's rerengeful spirit led him 
to dishonor the lifeless body of his own brother, much more yindictive 
would he be towards the Greeks, who had conspired with Cyrus to 

dethrone and kill him. xtiSfftwv, protector, intercessor. Allusion is 

here made to the powerful influence, which Parysatis exerted in behalf 

of Cyrus. w? — TtoCfjaorttqf in order to make, Cf. N. on I. 1. § 3. 

SoitXor. S. § 166. avrov the first accusative is omitted. na&iif 

has fifiaq for its subject. So Poppo. But Krftg. regards the construo- 
tion Ai? a kind of anacoluthon, the writer commencing with fiftSq, as 
though he would have subjoined rC at Ttoifjaai oUfu&a, Schneid. 
thinks Tifiaq should have been fffitlq. But there seems to be no diffi* 
Guliy in the usual method of explaining the construction. S* § 158L 
N. 1. 

18. ld(j oix a¥ inl ndv fX&oi, would he not resort to every measurtf 

literally, come to every thing. mq rfftaq rce faxara tdxwafuvoq, m 

order thai by having inflicted upon us the severest torture. 9^^ 

— Tov axQCLTtxaat ntnt. fear of everm4ikingwar, Cf. S. § 221. — 
AXl^ onm<; to*, but yet in order that. — — Ix ix§(iw, in his power, 

19. ovTtore inavofitip — oIxtiIqup, I never ceaaed pitying, cii* 

f&p has usually been construed with x^Q^^ &s though written civr«» 
^w^av oariv fihv xal x. r. A. ButMt. (§ 317) says* ^* die genitive is used 
particvUaTly with demonstrative pronouns, which arc explained, ia 

Cha». L] notes. 291 

order to show in whom a certain quality is found." x>efore avtSw 
then, we may suppl) ravra or rdS(, referring to x^^Q^^i inmidHa^, 
Stgdnovroiq, etc., in the following clauses. Cf Butt. § 132. N. 7 ; S« 

20. TO ^ av tMV axqaxi^wtwv is opposed to {tddt) avrmv in § ISt 

dya&wv here = ^TtirfjdeCwv, So in the following section. — 

For the construction ofovStvhq — ^«t*^i/, cf JS. § 178. N. 2. crotr 

— f/orra?. The order is, fidnv oXCyo r? ?t* ^j^orra? (cf N. on I. 10 
5 16) oTov oivrjaofjii&o^ otov denotes the price (S. § 190. 1), and re- 
fers to %l the suppressed object of ^xovraq, o^vfjaoiif&a is put in the 
first person, because oXfyovq, to which its subject refers, is included 
in the preceding rifiiv. For its construction in the future, cf S. 

§ 209. N. 10. dkXmq di Ttiuq, in any oilier way, ij c^vovfifvovq, than 

by purchase, oi^xovq .... fjfiou; is to be construed with jjdttv, 

cafT* oJi' koyiiofitvoq is a repetition of ra , . . . iv&vfioCfiriv, which if 
separated by intermediate clauses from the proposition, Mort • . • • 
aoUfior, upon wliich it depends. 

21. Uvaar — XMa&ai. There is a play here on these words, 
the former being taken in the sense of to break, to violate, the latter, 

to cease, to come to an end. *Ev fi^aw, in the midst = open to any, 

who may wish to contend for the prize. ^0-Xa. This allusion to 

the games of their country, was eminently adapted to arouse the 
disheartened Greeks. The lands, houses, treasures, &c., of the 
faithless Persians, are represented as the prizes for which the army 
is now to contend, while the gods, the avengers of violated oaths, sit 
as the aywvo&^xai, to regulate the contest and award the prizes. — 

&&Xa is limited by ro/tiav, the omitted antecedent of onottgou 

For the construction oCti^Sv, cf S. § 177. 1. 

22. Otnot refers to the Persians. av^ohq, i. e. the gods. Cf N. 

on XL 4. § 7. i^elvat, Cf N. on I. 5. § 2 Construe noXv with 

fttHCop*. (f>govrifiaxt>, confidence, 

23. wv rdiq &eoiq, With the assistance of the gods, ai^gtq, re- 
ferring to the Persians, is here used in its common signification men, 
homines. — — rganol, vulnerable, S. § 132. 1. 

24. The order is, *AXXa nghq xm &eoiP firi apafttpwfitv ofAAovg x. r. X., 
the clause, Xaw; yctg xcU aXXot taut a hO-vfiovvxai, containing the ground 
for the apprehension expressed in the main proposition. aXXovq^ i. e. 

the officers of the other divisions. naga%aXovvraq, On this form 

of the fut. cf. ?«. § 102. N. 2. For the construction, see S. §222. 5. 

— ag^wfttp Toi; i^ogftiiacu, Cf S. §§ 221 : 184. 1. <f>dpfjr9 — 

itgtarot, show yourselves the bravest, Af>er (patvta^ui, the partieii^ 
ip (Cf N. on I. 9. § 19) is sometimes omitted, and only the adjective 
connected with it is given. See Mt § 549. Obs, 3. 

292 NOTES. [BocMC HI 

95. oi'^^i' ^f)oq>9aCZoficu xriv fih,xCav^ I do fwi plead my age as on 

exciise. ax/m'^*tf' 4]yovfiat i^vxt^v^ I think I am at the acme of 

age (i. e. the very best age) to repel, ifjvxtn'j a poetic word. It if 
found in the aor. in V. 8. § 25. 

26. ///i/*', but, fioiwTMt^top tfj (poiwijf ^^ Bizotorum diaZedo d 

vocis 8ono ut€7is." Krug. fj ^aaiXta neCaaq, than by persuading 

the king, i. e. obtaining liis consent — ei Siivatxo, sc. Tttlacu. ^— 
ira^ a^a, and at the same time. 

27. fitta^v, ec. If'yorray while he was speaking. Cf. Mt § 565. 
Obs. 2; S. § 222. N. 4. Vi O-avfiaaitatatt ay&QatTrt^ O mx>st ad/mira- 
ble man, A sarcastic address = O wonderfully stupid person, -^— 
*Ep ravto) — ToiWot? (for iv tavrw — X^Q^V rovrtap, Cf. S, § 195. N. 
3), in the same place with these, i. e. present with the other captains. 

fif'ya (p^ovricfa^ highly elated, inl rourw, I. e. the death of 


28. The argument ia this and the next section is, that when the 
Greeks showed a bold and independent spirit, the king succumbed to 
them ; but as soon as they confided in his premises, and became more 
unguarded, he treacherously seized their commanders, and summon 
ed the whole army to an unconditional surrender, ^roe^c axi^nfaa/ccr 

aiToJ. Cf. II. 2. § 18. tI oltt inolfiat, what did he not do s= what 

did he leave undone. 

29. tlq Aoyoi'? aiToT? — ri^&ov, Cf. N. on II. 5. § 4. xcnrov* 

/i«i'ot, literally, pricked or goaded, as beasts of burden are excited to 
greater efforts by the application of the goad. Some think that a 
particular kind of Persian torture is here designated. Cf. Herod, ill. 

i6. oi rXri ft ovtq J miserable men! is in apposition with ixeirou 

xal fidX\ although greatly, rovtov, i. e. death. For the 

construction, cf S. § 182. — dfivvtaO-ai, to defend ourselves. 

mCS-dv, sc. ^aaiXta. iovxaq, by going to him, i. e. the king. Mu 

(§558) says, *'the participle frequently expresses the means by 
which the principal action is eflfected." 

30. fifdv ainolq (i. e. tolq Xoxnyolq) is opposed to xolq axf lio^-o^oic 
implied in axsvri draO- fvtaq = having made him a axev6(po(ior. For 

the construction, cf. N. on Towrot?, § 27. supra. ttq tihom*tw = w« 

axfvofogo), Ovroq here denotes contempt, like the Latin iste,"^-" 

toiovroq, i. e. such a dastard. '' tam ignavus e^t" Krfig. 

31. toiJtw .... ovS^Vy nothing of BoRotia pertains to this fellow rm 

he has no connection with Boeotia. inel^ since^ inasmuch as.^-"^ 

&Q7itQ Avdop dfi(p6tf()a ta wra TCT^vTri/^fVor, having both his eart 
bo- od through like a I/ydian. It was the custom among the Orient- 
al nations, to bore the ears of slaves, as a badge or mark of their ht- 
vile condition. Cf. Ex. 21:6; Ps. 40 : 6. Some think that Agaiiai 

Cha». 1.] NOTES. 293 

means to charge him only, with belonging to the scxvile and imbecile 
race of the Lydians (of. N. on I. 5. § 6), and not with having been in 
a state of personal servitude. Others suppose that his ears were per- 
'brated to receive ornaments, such as the Lydian and Phrygian youth 
wore, and thus he was detected by Agasias. 

32. Kai el/tv — ovrtoq. It was found upon examination, that the 

charge of Agasias was true. o?/o*to, was gone = had been slain. 

" An established usage," says Butt. (Irreg. Verbs, p. 185), " has ex- 
isted in the common language from Homer's time, by which oXxofitu 
never means / am going, but always 1 am gone?^ This usage i« 
continued in the imperfect, which time oXxo^to here takes from the 
context. Cf. S. § 209. 1. 

33. «^« . . . . o7tX(av, Cf. N. on II. 4. § 15. " Grsecorum duces pro 
castris sedent et de summa belli deliberant" Zeune. 

34. Tot naoovxa = the present posture of our affairs, «Tt* dv- 

paC/iE&a ayaO-ov. Cf. N. on IL 1. § 8. xoti TtfJoq fi/^dq, sc. tUiotq 

from the preceding clause. 

35. ^ifiiav depends upon tovtou? imderstood, the antecedent of oil? 

in the preceding member. St y« olfiau Porson conjectures ^ 

iywfiai, (S. §24. N. 1), of which crasis Krug. says, "vereor ut sit 

36. /4^'yi.atoi' fx^re Hutch, renders ^^ commodtssimam ha' 
betis occasionem?^ But this interpretation does not accord so well 
with ol Y^Q • • • • cLTtn^Xinova^ which follows, as the one given by 
Leuncl. and adopted by Sturz., Born., Krftg., and Pop., *^in vobia 
plurimum est situm?^ = you are the men to think and act in this exi- 
gency. Xenophon expresses the same idea in other places by ini^ 
Kaloiot = ol ixavotraroi xal tpqoviiv xcd ovfiTigdtret'V tX t» Sfou Cf. Cyr« 
V. 5. § 43, 44 ; III. 3. § 12. Ttitoq vfidq drtofiXtTtovai for an exam- 
ple of cheerfulness and bravery. xdv by crasis for xal idv. 

37. "labtq is used here per modestiam for, certainly, truly Cf. 

Butt. § 1. N. 1. dtaq>^Q(i,v T* ToiVrwi', to somewhat surpass these* 

For the construction of rovrwy, cf. S. § 184. 1. ydg in ^Yfidq yd^ 

IrfT* introduces the reason, why the officers should excel the common 
soldiers. XQ^f*^*^*' ^^^ rifialq are dati\ es, answering to the ques- 
tion, * wherein V Cf. Mt § 400. 7. Tovrtut' depends upon nXfov in 

inleovfxTflrt, Cf. S. § 184. N. 1. ¥vv tolvvpy now then* ^nd 

TtoXtfioq iartp. The opposition of this clause to ote fi^i/f i/ ^y, is too 
obvious to be overlooked. rov nXi^&ovqf i. e. the common sol- 

38. dvri riav dTtoXatXoTtarf in the place of those who have perished. 

Cf. S. §§ 205. N. 2 : 140. 3. wq/t^p avptXom tinilv, sc. Xoy^j to speak 

briefly^ Cf S. § 220. N. 1. Note the force of <iw%kwx%^^ ^^^* ^^tv- 


294 NOTE& ];Book m. 

ot ovptuQ^m, to draw together, to contrcuU. Repeat with naptd" 

neunp the preceding ovS^p .... ydpoito. The sentiment is, that in 
times of peril, it is prefijainently true, that nothing can be done to ad- 
vantage without leaders. doxei does not here mark uncertainty, 

but rather what is bo apparent as to admit of no doubt tjSri ano' 

ItiXfxfPj has already destroyed. Cf. S. § 205. N. 2. 

39. ooov<; dil, a>8 many a>8 are necessary to supply the places of 

those who are gone. ijp ,. , , noi^acu. This sentence contains a 

protasis {ijp .... naiJa&ai}QvPTirt)y and an apodosis (^o^fiat .... noiij- 

am). For the moods, cf. S. §§ 220. 3: 217. N. 5. ndpv ip xeuq^, 

very timely. 

40. ya{i illustrates what is said in the preceding section of the ne- 
cessity of encouraging the soldiers. ovtw ye //ovTcof. while they 

are thus, i. e. in this state of dejection. The n afler 64oi is synec- 

dochical. S. § 167. 

41. yt'dfia^j thoughts^ TovTo refers to tl ntCaoprai, aXUk 

maX, but also. The philosopher as well as the genersd Is seen in this 

42. y»Q di^Ttovjfor surely, -^ . . . to? ptxaq noiovaa, that which 

gives the victory. ^ noiovaa = ixtlvri ^ noiti (Cf. S. § 140. 3), of 
which, ixiCvri is the predicate nominative of iatu The gender of ij, 
i. e. ixtlpfi ^, is drawn from iaxv^i^ With this noble sentiment, cf. Ps. 

33 : 16 ; 44 : 3, 6. onotfQot, refers to xovxovq for its antecedent 

S. § 150. 4. — — i/zii/al?. S. § 197. 2. -^— i^giufifPfarfQoi. S. § 57. N. 
2. mq ini to 7ioXv,for the most part, as a common thing. 

43. *Ei/r(0-v/if}fiair <f ^yatye xal toi*to, but for my part I have observed 

this also. bnoaoi refers to oltot in the next clause. So onoaw 

-— rovtovq below is put for tovtovq — onoaoi. This inversion of the 
propositions containing the antecedent and relative, occurs so fre- 
quently as to require ordinarily no further notice. ^x Ttavrhq tgo- 

fiov, in everyway. " Summo studio." Sturz. Titgl 6k rov xaXwq ebro- 

^pfiaxdv, for an honorable death. Cf. S. §221. S^ayopxnq, ^c. 

top fitor. The sentiment of this passage is, that those persons who 
desire to save their lives at the expense of their honor, oAentimes find 
a more speedy death, than they who place their honor before life. 

44. ai^Tov? T« avSgaq aya&ovq ilvaiyto be ourselves brave men. 

Toi'? aXXovq naqaxaXflv. Supply av6qoLq ayaO-ovq tlvai from the pre- 
ceding clause. 

45. roaovtnp /nor or n iyCyptgaxop oaop ijxovoplA&fjPouop e»r«M, all 1 
knew of you was from hearsay, t/iat you was an Athenian, literally, I 
knew as much only of you as thai I heard you was an Athenian, For 
the construction of ^xot^oy — f^ra^, cf N. on I. 3. § 20. It seems from 
tbic^ that Xenophon had hitherto strictly maintained the character 

Chap. II.] N0TE8L S9B 

befitting one, who went merely as the friend of ProxeniM, and had 

taken little or no part in the public matters pertaining to the expedi- 
tion. sUiatovq ilvav 'roiovxovq. Chirisophus wishes that the 

prudence and activity ofXenophon, might be found in all the leaders. 

46. fif\ /iMtaftfv, let Its not delay* Of. S. § 215. 1. /iMw here 

and in the following section = fi(ja6vvw. Cf. Thucyd. V. 3. § 2. 

4il SfOfKPm is in apposition jvith v^tlq, the omitted subject o£ aigtlaS%. 

Cf. S. § 157. R. 2. avyxaXovfiep " futurum est, non prsesens pro 

futuro, quod somniat Hutchmsonus." Porson. Cfl N. on § 24, supra. 

47. a/itt ravxa tljtmp dpfartj, as 80(m as he said thds^ he rose up, 

Cf. Butt. § 150. p. 439 ; S. § 222. N. 4. «? /it] fiMoixo aXXa natal- 

¥01X0 ra Skovta. that what was necessary to be done might suffer ns 
delay, but be accomplished; or more briefly, thai the necessary busi^ 

might be transacted without delay* 


1. tl^ TO fidsov^ sc. xov argmiton^ov. Cf. III. 1. { 46. ido^tp 

«vroK. Cf N. on I. 2, § 1. nQofvXaxotq. Cf N. on II. 3. § 2. 

A precautionary measure to guard against surprize. narctatriaav 

c«K- Cf N. on lafovrct, I. 2. § 1. 

2. roM>vr«i^, L e. «o eminent, oxtqofu&a (from 9xdqm^ the simple 

present of orrf §^, Mt § 193. Obs, 5), we are deprived of =we are in 
the state of persons deprived of, we are without. This form, which 
according to Passow is used by prose writers only in the present and 
imperfect, must not be confounded with sttgoii/iai. Of. Butt § 114. 
p. 301, and his more extended history of the word, Irreg. Verbs, 

p. 230. Ttoo^ ^ fti, and besides, oi afiqH 'Aqtaiov, Cf. N. on 

•f nt^ x'ov 'jlgiaioVj II. 4. § 2. 

3. ix xmp TtaQOPrup arSgoi^ ciy<t&ovq re iXd-tir, to come forth as 
brave men from our present difficulties. Weiske interprets: proprtB- 
senti rerum statu viros fortes venire (= esse). But in that case, as 
KrAg. remarks, f^jifcor^at would have been employed instead of iX^ 

&iip. aXXce — y«, at least, Cf. Vig. p. 176. ano&n^mfnp 

and ytv^fAid-a follow o/rwc, to be supplied from the preceding clause. 
— — *- toiavra .... itoi>f[(suav, should undergo such sufferings^ as may 
the gods inflict upon them. For the construction of xoifiatiuv, cf. S. 
f 217. 1. 

4. *Eni rovtw = fitrot tovtop^ after him, Cf Mt. § 586. y. — — 
4r40r4iiS perfidy. fvcl rotWo«c. moreocer^ besides* The te.'^^S^^ 

296 NOTES. [Book U) 

of avtbq i» highly emphatic. SMor, Thk epithet was given tc 

Jupiter, because he presided over the laws of hospitality. Cf. Md. 
I. 735, " hospitibus nam te dare jura loquuntur." KXed^xV' 

5. § 195. 1. o/ioTQaniio^ = avvStmvog. It greatly enhanced 

the perfidy of Tissaphernes, that he thus violated the laws of hospi- 
tality. attdiq tovtoiq^ i. e. the oaths, pledges, and friendly pro- 
fessions, just before mentioned. 

5. or ... , xa&iatdvai. Cf. II. 1. § 4. -^— xa* odro^, even this mark 

Cf N. on II. 2. § 20, iSdxaftev, The aor. Umxa is used by Attic 

authors principally in the sing, and 3 plur., the 2 aor. being generally 
preferred in the 1st and 2d pers. plur. Cf Butt Irreg. Verbs, p. 68; 

Carmichael Gr. Verbs, p. 78. top tt&ptjxora =tw vexfjor. 

ixt^pov ix^^atovq, "Adjectives signifying * useful,' 'inimical,' &c., 
are usually construed with the dative^ but sometimes with the geni- 
tive." Mt. § 391. Obs. 2. The ingratitude of Ariseus in joining with 
Tissaphernes to destroy those, who would have made him king oi 
Persia, and who were the friends of his former benefactor and prince, 
18 finely and forcibly set forth in this speech of Cleaner. 

6. aTKnkfaivzo, Cf. N. on 7toi.fjati.avj § 3, supra. — fttinotM — 
It*, never again. 

7. iataXfidvoq, being arrayed ; perf mid. of atMwy to place in or- 
der, to Jit (mt, and hence to array, to deck one's person. So Phav. 

defines atMio&at • xoa/Mia&cn. — t^ y«x$r, xnctory, oqd-i^ 

fX't'V, '' par essey Sturz. For the construction of Twr xaXXtatm* 
iavxov diiwaapra, cf. S. § 190. N. 4. ~ xtjq TeAciir^? Tvy/oewtr (= 
dnoS-v^axiiv), S. § 178. 2. xov Xoyov Sh ffQXtto. Cf. N. on 1. 

6. § 5. 

8. fiovXivofit&a = 6u»voovfM&a in the next sentence. ainoi^ 

did (piXtaq if vat = q)tXovq tlvai avrolq. For this periphrastic use of 

Sid, cf Mt. § 500. c. rovq argarfi/oitq — ola ntnov&aaiv (2 perf. 

o^ ndaxw). Cf N. on I. 6. § 6. Sid ntoTiwsy confidingly, — ai- 

tolq depends upon ivix^lf^^oav and refers to the Persians, wv =. toV- 

f «y a, o( which, roiytwv depends upon Stxfiv. See N. on I. 3. § 10. 

TO XoiTiov. Cf. N. OR II. 2. § 5. — dt« Trayro? noXdftovy " omni ge- 
nere belli" Sturz. " dtd navtoq est perpetuo." Kr^. 

9. TzrdQvvtaC rtq. Divinations were drawn from sneezings {nta^ 

ftoC), especially when occurring at some critical moment. to* 

^£09', i. e. Tov Ala xov 2(t)tfj()a, The omen taking place just as the 
word acrtrjglaq was spoken, Xenophon regarded it as coming from 

Zti'q -2'wTij^. ff/niUp Xfyovtwv, while we were (i. e. I was) speaking. 

S. § 192. awTijQia, sc. O-vfiara, sacinfices for our preservation. 

avvtnsv^aa&ai, ** simul v&vere^ Pop. xoxa Svva/np^ according t4 

our abUiiy. — ox^ , . . j^c^^ok ** Grsecorum exercitus multis Domis- 

Chaf. nj NOTES. 29^ 

IbuB lenim pu^iicarum imaginem referebant ; et hunc pnesertim ex- 
ercitum civita\em peregrinaj;item dixeris. Ut domi, ita hie quoque 
de maximis quibusque rebus decernebat concio ; prsetores quodam- 

modo oratorura vice fungebantur." Krug. inaim'iaav. The psean 

was not only a battle and triumphal song, but also a hymn of 
thanksgiving, and, as it appears fromv this place, was sung to the 
honor of other gods besides Apollo. J7. Hell. IV. 7. § 4. — — — xo- 
lm<i f */«y, were duly performed* 

10. Oi'Tw 3* ^/ofToof, sc. Twy 7i(jayfidto)P, Cf. S. § 157. N. 8. (1), 

Tobq fifydXovq = the powerful- A similar tropical sense must 

be given to the antithetic fttxoovq literally, small, i. e. weak. 

11. For the construction of dvaftvi^aw ydu v/idq — rovq xivdvpov^ 

cf. S. § 18-4. N. 2 (last clause). dya&olq — «?m*. Cf. S. § 161. 2. 

ya^ Tliiioiav x. t. A. Instead of continuing tlie construction from 

Unttxa 6^, the speaker apparently turns aside to explain tohq xiv^vvoix;, 
and thus carries on the construction from the parenthesis. Cf. Mt 
§§ 631. 2 : 615 (end). See also N. on II. 5. § 12. Relerence is had in 
this place, to the invasion of Greece by Darius Hystaspis, whose gen- 
erals, Datis and Artaphernes, were defeated in the celebrated battle at 

Marathon. nafinXri&-tl aroXta, The most commonly received 

estimate of the numbers of the Persian army, is the one given by 

Com. Nep. (Vit Miltiad.), viz., 100,000 foot, and 10,000 horse. 

aqpai'toi'/i'Teof, fut. for »(pavia6vT(i)v, avO-iq. Sturz after Hesych. 

defines this word by tv&i'x;. Unless it is employed in this sense here, 
or to desiornate the return of Athens, to the state in which it was be- 
fore > was built (Cf Theoc. I. p. 33, cited by Born.), it had better be 

rejected as a vicious reading. 'AO-rjvdiot,. The Athenians sent 

to Lacedaemon to obtain aid against the common enemy, but although 
the Spartans promptly responded to the summons, yet being forbid- 
den by an ancient custom to march before the full of the moon, they 
did not set out with their forces until several days after the reception 
of the message. The Athenians were left therefore to fight the bat- 
lie alone, being assisted only by the Platceans, who sent 1000 men to 
their aid. 

12. ei'^dfitroi rfj '^(itffiiSt. The SchoL on Anstoph. Eq. 657, 
Bays that Callimachus the polemarch, vowed to Diana an ox for every 
enemy who should fall in the approaching battle, but when so many 
Persians perished that oxen could not be found to sacrifice, an equal 
number of goats was substituted. Some say that Miltiades was the 
gent^ral who made this vow. tfi &to). A noun of common gen- 
der, altliough ri &id, exists as a special feminine form, which, how- 
ever, the Attics less frequently used. Cf. Butt. §32. N. 2. — ovn 
97x9P — t'QtXv, they undd not find, Sm N. •n II. 2. \ 11. 

298 NOTEa. pk>oK m. 

Ir» *a* pvp. and even to this time they are sacrificing, i. e. bo great ii 
f lumber ol* Persians were slain, that in .order to fulfil the vow, they 
were up to the time of Xenophon, sacrificing 500 goats each year, 
riie Athenians killed about 6000 Persians in the battle, and having 
pursued them to their ships, took seven vessels and set many others on 
fire. Many of the invaders lost their lives in their haste to get on 
bo^rd the ships, so that the whole number who perished in battle, in 
the burning ships, and in the sea, mnst have been very great. 

13. vare^ov, Xerxes made his expedition into Greece, A. C. 480, 
about ten years after the battle of Marathon. — dvaQ^&fitixop. Ac- 
cording to Herodotus, the land forces of Xerxes amounted to 2,000, 

000 men, his sea forces 641,610, making in all 2,641,610. The ser- 
▼Eints, eunuchs, women, sutlers, and other people of this sort, are 
reckoned at as many more, thus making the whole number 5,283,226. 

The term avails- fititov may well be applied to such an army. rov- 

cwy, i. e. Tissaphernes and his army. xora y^y. He refers here to 

the battle at Platsea. xaxa &dXa%rap, The sea-fights, in which 

the Athenians and their allies were victorious, were fought at Arte- 
misium, Salamis, and Mycale, the latter of which victory was gained 

on the same day with that of Platsea. ra vgoTicuay the trophies. 

The word is derived from tQfTiu, to turn about. These trophies were 
frequently erected where the enemy first gave way and turned to 
flight /iaQTvgiov=tBx/ii^iii>op. dX^=-dXXa fiopop. A contemp- 
tuous allusion is made to the Persian custom of doing homage to their 

kings by prostration. roiovrtop fitp iart nqofovmp, from such a/n- 

cestors you are descended, Cf. S. § 175. N. 2. 

14. Oif fi^p Stj Toiito yt i(}fa, I certainly do not say this, = I would 

by no means be understood as saying this. ay ov, sc. j^^oror. 

— — ixftvmv, i. e. the Persians who invaded Greece. vfUip avxif. 

For the construction, cf. S. § 186. 2. 

15. Kal TOT« flip St}, and then indeed, ntql %i\q Kvqov /Jbwi- 

Xttaq, 5rftg' supplies fiaxofitpot. Si^nov vfiaq Ttgoqi^xeiy certavnhf 

you ought to he, 

16. 'A),Xa fiffp, Cf. N. on I. 9. § 18. aniigov opxt<: avxHp, being 

unacquainted with them, i. e. having made no trial of their strength 
For the construction of avtwp, cf. S. § 185. natqlw (pgop^ficnt 

1 e. with a spirit becoming your high descent. ntiqap — f/«T 

Is opposed to aJieiQoi ojt*? or* vf»aq, Cf. I. 8. § 19 ; 10. § 11* 

17. MrjS^ do^fire. " In prohibitions with ^tf, the imperative 

of the presen*. is commonly used, but the subjunctive of the aorists." 
Mt § 511. 3. Cf. S. § 215. 5. For the construction of TofTo, cf S. 

{ 167. — ■— fiel }p — ^/ii^, are weaker. ti = or*, a softened form ol 

fxpreBhion fot that which wm absolutely certain, viz., the dttfactkm 

Chap. 1!.] NOTES. 299 

from the Greekcs of oi KvgtXo*, i. e. the Persians who had followed 
Cyrus. Cf. Mt § 617. 2 ; Butt. § 149. p. 423. — xanlov/q, Tnore cotoardly, 

18. fiVQMu Krfig. accents fivQiw makmg it the plur. of ftvg^ 
inrjumerable. Cf. Butt. § 70. p 114. — of notovvxM<; .... y^»'i/T<u, 
I. e. who wound and kill in battle. 

19. in — o/^^aTo« is explained by inl t^? y^^, infra. ^9 tn* 

nw KQsfiapTm, hang upon their horses^ opposed to inl ttjq ffjq fitprjui^ 
ttq. standing fimdy upon the groyartxL Hesych. defines fitfifixott^ • 

flipafmq ivfatrixotfq. rcoXv 4* fri ./^aXkop otow av fiovXtifieS-a rfiifo* 

ftt&a, and we shall also reach with far surer aim, whomsoever we 

may wish to strike. *Evi fiovw, in onerespect only. /r^o/jifoi'- 

irey — ^^a?. Cf. S. § 184. N. 2. ' 

20. /€dxaq. S. § 167. rovro ax^a&t, (y^t) feel troubled at 

this. The position of covro is more emphatic, than though it pre- 
ceded the clauses, commencing with ort <r ovx^ti, and ovd^ fiaaiXgh^y 

to which it refers. ^ xtXtvwfifv, than to have those men as 

guides, wJwrr being our captives We may command to guide us. For 

ovq avd(}<»q, ct. N. on I, 2. § 1. TttQi raq ^atnAv xfnf/aq aftOLgrt^- 

rovoi = shall suffer death, ra aw/iara refers to punishment by 

stripes or mutilation. 

21. furiSh roirto ?r* f/oyrot^, a7id no longer having this (i. e. money), 

wherewith to purchase supplies. avrovq = vfidq avtovq, Cf. S, 

§ 144. N. 2. fifTQw xQi^f'^vovq oTtoaw dp fxaatoq fiovXtitcu, making 

use of as large a measure as earh one pleases. 

22. ojioQov, sc. xQVf*^' ^^^ reader will bear m mind that Xeno^ 
phon is disposing of such objections as would naturally arise in the 
minds of the soldiers, in view of the untoward circumstances in which 
they were placed. In answering these objections, he contrives to 
substitute for each one a bright and glowing hope. This will be 
seen in his remarks respecting the defection of Ariseus, the want of 
cavalry, market, guides, etc. He now proceeds to dispose of a for- 
midable objection, presented by the great rivers, which lay between 

them and their country. xal /^fydXw; riytla&t i^airarti&fjvat, Star 

fdvxtq^ and think you have been greatly overreached in having cross^ 

ed them, a«(^>aaO-( ei dga u. r. X. The argument is, that if the 

Persians had mduced the Greeks to cross the Tigris, with the hope 
of cutting off their return to Asia Minor by ail impassable river, it 
was a most stupid device, since the army could go up to the head waters 

and there crosF '>ver. TtTj/dv. Cf S. § 188. 2. ngolovai — 

iia^atoi, Cf. S. § 200. 2. 

23. Ei S> fiTjd'^ i>i Ttotafiot SioCaovair, but if the rivers do not differ 
in respect to width at their sources and mouths. Some translate, but 
ij Ike rivers will not permit us to cross over. Pop. and Kxll^l. x«^ 

300 NOTES [Book HI 

StfjaovaiVj 3 pers. plur. iut. of SUij/it. ov& «*»«, not even thus, — 

faCrf/iip •= tnoXafifidroifitv, Schneider, following the Eton MS^ 

edits ol ip paaiWoK; /«(>^ ccxofToc, by which the repetition of fiaaiXtvi 
(Cf N. on I. 3. § 14) is avoided. The argument is, that if the 
Mysians, Pisidians, and Lycaonians, held a footing in the Persian 
dominions against the will of the king, the Greeks had nothing to 
fear, even if they could not cross the rivers oi were without a guide. 

— - rinaCdaq. Cf. I. 1. § 11 ; II. 4. § 13. wqav^atq = o/ioUaq, 

airol = f^fitlq atnol. Cf. S. § 144. 2. N. 2. iXdofitp, The forms of 

the 2 aor. o^iXdo) in the sense of ^o sesy are used to complete the verb 
cgdw, which has no aorist. Cf. Mt. § 231, tXSw, Concerning the Ly- 
caonians, cf. I. 2. § 19. 

24. civ (paitip, I would advise. S. § 217. 2. — fifircfo^ in no man- 
ner^ by no means. &« avxov nov olxriaoptaq, as if we were going to 

settle somewhere here. — »oi* ddoXwq ix7tf/ji%fftiy is an adiiominal gen- 
itive limiting ofifiQovq. xal *i, even if. Kal fjfup .... Ttagor 

trxivaiofifpovq. Cf S. § 213. 5. The sentiment is, that rather than 
have so formidable a body of men as the Greeks settle in his domin- 
ions, the king would furnish them every lacihty for a safe and easy 
march to their own country. 

25. *^XXa yog. The ellipsis may thus be suppli^ : btU (I do not 

think it best to stay here), /or lam afraid, &c. /itj — fiij &q2ttQ, 

Cf. V. 6. § 19. A similar repetition on account of intervening clauses 

18 seen in li — li, § 35, infra. fid&wfuv — C^y. In the sense of 

to perceive, fia&tlv takes the participle, in the sense of to learn, the 

infinitive. Cf Mt. § 530. 2. fitydXaiq = stately, oi Xtmo- 

fdyot, Cf. Odyss. IX. 83. Xenophon here indulges in a little 
pleasantry, to cheer up the despondent minds of the soldiers. 

26. ott hovrsq nivovxai, thai they are willingly poor. ifor, 

Cf N. on II. 5. § 22. ■ rovq — noXirtvovraq = ixtipovq ot Tiohtii" 

ova*. dxXriQovq, poor, literally, without a lot or portion. 'AX- 

Xd ydg. But (why need I say more),^r, &c. 

27. fiaxolfif&a. Repeat dv from the preceding member. Tmi 

fbfi id t^tvyri ri/iaiv arQarrjyfj, i. e. that the movements of the army may 
not of necessity be conformed to the transportation of the baggage. 
— ai' o/Aov fifv jTaQf'xovaiv dystv, are equally troublesome to carry. 
nlj "pariter ut td 5fvy^." Schneid. oxXov, trouble, a/ftyhas the 
force of the synecdochical accusative, limiting oxXov naQfxovatv, S. 
{§221: 167. 

28. rd TteQirtd, the things which are superfluous. Cf N. on II. <? 
} 4. Koarovfiero}v .... dXXorgta, for you know that if we are con- 
quered, every thing belonging to us becomes another^s. I have 
fransJated this clause ir the first person, in order to make it 

Chap. II.] NOTEa 301 

correspond with ^» 9k x^arw/iey, to which ii id opposed. coi'^ Ttn 

Xtfilovq .... vofiC^Hv. S. § 166. 

29. Aomov iioi timlv^ it remains for me to 8cu/» *0(jdrb yutv 

xat roiqnoXe/iCovq on. For the construction, see N. on I. 8. §21 

30. rdv TTQoa&ip, i. e. Clearchus, Proxenus, Menon, &c. For the 

construction, cf. S. §§ 141. 1 : 186. 1. rovq dijxo/itvovqy i. e. the 

soldiers. tolq auxovai vvv, to the present commanders^ Umiting 

nit&o/itfvovq. S. § 196. 2. 

31. "Hy Se riq. Cf. N. on I. 4. § 9. ijy . . . . xoAa^ciy, if you 

tDtll decree, thai whoever of you, for the time being, is present, shall 
assist the commander in punishing. Prof. Woolsey (N. on Eurip. 
Alcest p. 92) remarks that, " ail like our ever has two senses, always 
and at any time. In the latter sense it is joined with the article and 
usually follows it immediately." Cf. V. 4. § 15 ; VJI. 5. § 15 ; Thucyd. 

III. 77. § 1. ovxtaq, i. e. with such discipline. rohq ov^ 

M inixQfxpovtaq xaxw thai, who will suffer no one to he neglectfid of 

32. i^X).a ya{), But (I will say no more), for, &c ntqalvuv 

— w{ja. Cf. Sr § 221. N. 4. " Post ^ toi5ti/ repete 6oxa xalm^ 

Ij^ftv." Kriig. roXfidru) xal 6 idiiotriq SMaxeiv, let him though a 

private soldier boldly propose it, A remark Uke this must have been 
very grateful to the soldiers. 

33. TTQoq rovToiq, in addition to those things. olq stands for 

a after ftitf. S. § 151. 1. avtlxa, is opposed tow? ra/wTa and 

may be rendered, presently, by and by, 

34. wi* TtooqSdv Soxfl f.toi, what it seems to me we yet need. On 
the conjecture of Wyttenbach, TUfoqdflv is substituted in the best 
editions for 7i{)oaSoxuv, onov == ixeias otiov, Cf. N. on II. 1. § 6. 

35. fl xal ovtoi, if these also = in like manner. For TtoXh/nm — 
ovroi, cf. N. on I. 10. § 18. 

36. nXaCaiov, Cf N. on 1. 8. § 9. noXvq oxXoq, i. e. the servants, 

women, boys, sick persons, etc., a**ached to the baggage. xha 

t','T/ rjyfi^fy^cii' tnv nXaiatov, whose duty it shall be to command the 

square, rdnQoad-tv, 'he front of the square. inl ratp TtXev^wp 

^xaThoo)v flvat, to be upmi (i. e. to take charge of) both wings. 

•Joiinect ovx dv with dtoi, 

37. rjyolro'ixnd ^TnfitXnloO-rjv are softer and politer forms than the 
iinporatives, fiytfad-xa, and inifitXtlaO^fav. Cf. Mt §515. d, y; S. 

J 217. 4. iTZfidrj xal x. t. X, Cf VI. 1. § 26. to rvr ihai^ far 

the present, Cf S. § 221. N. 3. 

38. To 6^ XoiTtop, afterward, Cf. S. § 167. tfjq rd^ttbq, the 

order in which the army were to march. For the construction^ cC ^. 


X)i NOTES. [Book lH 

§ 179. 1. Rofit refers nH\taa&ai,^ to try (i. c to become experienced) 
to the rule in his grammar (§ 108. 4. c), that the expressions e3> 
perienced, skill^fl^ acquainted, &c., take the gen. of that in which one 
is experienced, &c. 

39. dfSoyfif'va = tfttifCaftara* av — akXvq, in no other wcof, 

toi'toi', i. e. the sight again of his family. Construe Twy — rv 

wAvxtuv with 4atL Cf S. § 175. See N. on II. 1. § 4. Xeuophon ap- 
peals to their love of home, life, and riches, than which, no chords c 
feeling could be more easily and effectually touched. 


1. xAr^xaiof, began to hum. — fuximoaav alXijXoiq. Cf. S 

§ 196. N. 3. i^gt/trovp. This verb expresses the alacrity wid 

which they destroyed their superfluities. tiQiaroTioiovrro » 

fiQlaxwv, Cf. IV. 3. § 9. th iTTfixoop. Cf N. on II. 5. § 38. 

2. tvvovq (S. § 49. 3). Supply tifiC from ^v in the foregoing clause. 

TtolXw (popw. The design of Mithridates was to draw out from 

the Greeks, under pretence of being their friend and In similar peril^ 
the plans, which they had formed for their preservation. — kcU tovq 
S-tgaTtoptaq Travraq ^/w«', with (See N. on $w^, I. 2. § 3) aU my follow^ 

era- xC h vw ^/<Tf, whai is your purpose, literally, what you have 

in your mind, 

3. xal tXtyt XngCaotpoq. Cf. N. on II. 3. § 21. 

4. "Ex xovxov. Cf. N. on I. 2. § 17. ISvO^a dti, then indeed. 

— oxi .... ttij, that he was sent as- a spy. For vTtoTrtftTttoq^ cfl S. 

§ 132. 1. xal yag. Krtig. would supply, accedebat etiam aliud 

argumentum. By carefully noting the train of thought, the student 

will have no difficulty in supplying the ellipsis implied by ydg. 

nlaxtwq tvtxa, i. e. to see whether Mithridates faithfully discharged 
the duty assigned him, and brought back to Tissaphemes a true re- 

5. ix xovxov, Krtig. makes it = fitxa rot/ro, after this. But 

Sturz, Born., and Pop., render it hac de causa, for this reason. 

fiiXxiop. An ellipsis is implied in this comparison : better (than not 
to make the decree). Cf. Mt § 457. xhr noXtfiop dxijgvxxop, lit- 
erally, a war in which no heralds are employed, i. e. in which no 

terms of peace are given or received. xal — y«, and even. /VA 

xaqxop. The same officer, who was wounded in the belly, when the 
l^enerals were seized. It is so strange, that he should desert, after 
HQch experience of Persian faith and magnanimity, and even betbre 

/i'« wounds coul ' have been healed, that Beck, thinks reference ii 

Chap. III.] NOTES 303 

had ill this place to some other individual vX^to aftiir mi an^ 

f.. Cf. S. §222. N. 2. 

6. Siafidvrtq rhv Zapaxop. We cannot help wondering with Ren- 
nell, that Xenophon should be silent respecting the mode of passing 
the Zabatus, especially, as it was performed in full day-light, and 

under the very eye of the enemy. ila^qoxxi^ light, agile, 

fwSoifov?, well-girded, i. e. well prepared for fighting, running, &c. 

7. pgaxvttga xSiv IleQaair, a shorter distance than the Persians. 
The skill in archery, for which the Cretans were celebrated, has been 
alluded to in N. on 1. 2. § 9. " Persas quoque sagittandi arte exceluis- 

se constat." Kriig. Cf N. on 1. 9. § 5. koX afia v*Xoi orr««; and 

being at the same time light armed. rwy ottAoji =r(Mi' onXitwv. 

pQaxvtfga — ij cu? m^xviia&ai^ too short a distance to reachs literally, 
a shorter distance than so as to reach, " When it is an entire propo- 
eition, with which the subject is compared, and the comparative ex- 
prei^ses, that a quality exists in too high a degree to allow something 
mentioned to follow, ^ has after it the in fin. with wot*." Mt § 448. 6. 

8. *Ex rovtov. Cf. N. on § 5. id'iwxov, sc. ixtlvoi, the omitted 

antecedent of ot. roiv onUxwv, See S. § 177. 1. 

9. oi nit,ol X. T. X, The idea of the passage is, that the Greeki 
in a short space {h oXCyw x^(^^v) could not overtake then: enemies, 
who had miich the start {ix ttoXXov qxvyovraq. Cll N. on ^x TrXtovoq^ 
I. 10. § 11). The reason why the pursuit could not be continued far, 
is given in the next clause. 

10. xaX (pevyovtfq a/ia, even while retreating, afia is often placed. 

lifter the participle with which it is constructed. xovmaO-iv for 

CO omaO-iv (sc. fisgoq. Sturz), behind them. 

11. SitXfi, Cf. N. on I. 8. § 8. elq xaq xwfiaq. Probably the vil- 
lages spoken of. III. 2. § 34. t^? (pdXayyoq, i. e. the main body. 

12. xai .... fiagxvQoCfiy and the affair itself was a witness for 

them, i. e. it justified their charge against him. h x^/idrtiv, while 

standing still in order to repel the attack of the enemy. 

14. ToT? .... /aot5, sc. taxM^ let thanks be to the gods, oXCyot^ 

BC axgaxi^xaiq wjxb pXdipa& fi>v ftij fifydXa^ so as not to do U§ 

great injury, S. § 220. 1. 

15. oaov ovxe oi Kgf\xf<; dvxtxo^evftv <ivvavTaij further tJianihe Cre- 
tans can shoot their arrows in return, ol ix /ce^o? fidXXovxtq (sc. 

dxopxia) =. dxovxiaxal, noXv — x^ii^^^i ^ great distance* 

nvx olov^ i. e. it was not consistent with safety. ^x xo^ov gvfiaxoqj 

^laving a bow-shot the start, Cf N. on I. 10. § 11. "« e jactu sagitta^ 
Bive e spatio quo sagilta scopum ferire potest peditem persequiince' 
pity Weiske cited by Kriig. 

16. 'HfUiq is put for iifUv acd is to be construed with hi, ^V 

304 NOTES. [Book IU 

taxCartiP — ra/e(rra. Cf. Mt § 282. 2 8. ^ 124. 2. 'Po<l^vc 

Rhodians, to fie).oq, L e. otpfrdovrir, 

17. 'Excii^a^ i. e. tlie Persian slings. ' ^*a .... aqxtdovmv, in 
consequence of throwing large stones^hierdlly, stones thaiJUl the hand^ 

i. e. as large as the hand can grasp. toZ? iiokvp$Caiv, leaden balls. 

These being much smaller than stones of the same weight, would 
meet with less resistance from the air, and thus fly much further be 
fore their force was spent 

18. rCviq, " In connection with some verbs implymg search, or in- 
vestigation, T^?, t/ stands instead of oatiq, o t*." Butt. § 127. N. 6. 

tottw. The thing bought is sometimes put in the genitive, in which 
case, the verb of the proposition does not signify, to buy or sell,^^ S. 

§ 190. N. I. rw aq>fpdf)vifv ivrtray/ievta i&iXoPrt, to him who volv/rir 

tears to be enrolled as a stinger, i&fXovn, voluntarily, ofone^scwn 

accord. arfXtiav. " honestus in militia tocus, nam a(pivd6vfi er&i 

SovXixov ottAoi'.*' Sturz. 

19. rw KXfdgxf? xarakthi/Afidpovq, So we say of one who is dead 

he left such and such things. rovrovq Ttdvraq IxXcfarre?, having 

selected the best from all these, S. § 165. 1. t» — avtaaovatv^ 

will furnish some trouble. 


1. ;faoa<y^jai', a ravine, bed of a torrent. i(p ^, ai which. — 

Siafiatyovou; while crossing over, 

2. Jia^f^fiy.6(H, just as they had passed over. The perfect here 

refers to that, which has just taken place. Cf. Thiersch § 85. 3. 

toanvtovq yao jjrrjnf TiaaatptQrrjv, Cf. S. § 165. 1. iv c^ nooaBtf 

nQ()qi3n/.r, in the former attack. Following Schneid. and Dind., 1 
have substituted Tz^oa&^ev for the common reading (fiTrgoa&tp. For 
the constixiction, cf. S. § 141. 1. 

? oaovj as many as. Au'/Jairf, began to cross. Ua^fiYftX' 

rn .... hn)uto)v. orders had been given to such of the target eers and 
heavy-armed as were to pursue, ovq = ^xBhoiq oi)«, of which ixtCvot^ 
limits TTaoi^yyeXrn, and is followed by tdv TztXraatwp (S. § 177. 1). 

w? iqxxpn^it'vriq Ixarrjq Swdfittaq, inasmuch as a force sufficient \o 

support them should follow. Cf S. § 192. N. 2. 

4. xcttfi).r](ffi, had overtaken the Greeks. iai^fitjvf. Cf. N. on 

I. 2. § 17. 6/Mo<Tf. Schol. ad Thucyd. TV. 29. ^ 4, 'Ofioat Utm af- 

ct TOL flq xtioaQj xal TtXrjnfoVj ijtoi avardSfjv /idxfjq. ol S^, i. e. thc 


5. toiq pftt fid^mq limits nftoii-. S. § IW. 8 aid N. 4. nt-r* 

Chai. IV.] NOTES. 305 

K^levaroi^ is explained 5/ Suidas, ovx ix nagayy^k/tatoq, uncommanded^ 
of their (yum accord. The reason why the Greeks mangled the bodies 
Df the slain, is given in the next clause. 

6. oiT« ngoiiaPTtq, i. e. having sufl'ered this defeat to Xomot 

tfjq fifuoaq, the rcst of the day. Cf. S. § 177. 2. 

7. TO TtaXatov^ anciently, vipoq, height. toiJ ii xvuXov ^ 

ntofodoq, " universus ambitits." Sturz. nXlv&oiq xiqa/iUtiq, bricJu 

made of patterns clay. 

8. fihov dh viffXri nQoxaXvtpaaa. This reading is adopted byBrod., 
Muret, Hntch., Weiske, Dind., Pop., and Krug. The MSS. reading, 
riXtoq 6^ vtfttXfjp TtQoxaXvtpaq, is however retained by Bornemann. This 
obscuration of the sun was probably an eclipse, the cause of which 
being unknown to the inhabitants, was attributed to a cloud. An 
illustration of the terror anciently inspired by eclipses, is furnished in 
the consternation of Nicias and his troops, at an eclipse of the moon, 
when they were just ready to leave Syracuse. Zonaras relates, that 
Hannibal was terrified by an eclipse of the sun before the battle of 
Zama. For the manner in which Columbus wrought upon the fears 
of the Indians, by predicting an eclipse of the moon, cf Irving's Co- 

lumb. Vol. II. p. 144. i^tXinov^ sc. rriv noXiv. Cf i^Vf^iJi §7, 

Bupra. xal ovtwq laiw, and thus it was taken. faXw, 2 aor. act 

with a pass, signif (Cf S. § 205. N. 4) from*^^i2M/. Cf S. § 118. 

9. riaoa tavrriv rtiv nohv^ near this city. nv^afuq^ pyramid. 

'' duse figura apud geometras ideo sic appellatur. quod ad ignis 
speciem, toD jzvtJoq^ ut nos dicimus, extenuatur in conum." Amm. 

Marcell. XXII. 15. 'EtiI ravrrjq, upon this, i. e. the pyramid. It 

served for a kind of fortress. 

10. reixoqy castle. Cf N. on I. 4. § 4. TtiJoq tfj itoXti, near the 

city. A fortress like this being usually built for the defence of some 
city, when spoken of, suggests the idea of the city or place de- 
fended. Hence when the city is mentioned, it takes the article, as 
though it had been previously spoken of. Schoef , however, edits 

ngoq zt noXei. XiO-ov ^larov xoyx^Xidrov, hevm stone containing 

shapes ofsheUs. These shells were petrified. 

11. *E7il dk ravrjj, upon this, i. e. the foundation of variegated stone 

just spoken of. aTiiokeaar, adopted, on the authority of Steph., by 

the best critics, for the common reading dnwXXvaayy is here used trans- 
itively in the sense of amittere, to lose. 

12. Tlfiiaiav paaiXtvq, i. e. Cyrus the elder. oiJt« XQ^yw — 

ovTi p((f, neither by siege nor by storm, literally, neither by time nor 

by force. ^fiP{)ovxfixovq. The Schol. explains this, xaqSionXtf 

RTovc, fkouvofiivovqy hipQopaq. ^' missis fvlguHbus eos siri in stuporem 
sive in furor em conjiciL ita ut non resistererU?^ Sturz. 


•toe NOTES. [Booc m. 

\S. oftq T€ . ... fx*^^ '^^^ ^^^^ coDstruction wojld be, itttivovq u 
F/wr ovq aiVrb« f/tn ^XO^, With Muretus, Hutch, reads olq tt avToc^ 
&c. Thig part of Tissaphernes's force consisted of 500 horse. Of. 

1. 2. § 4. — Tof» .... ^jifof T05. Cf. 11. 3. § 23. 6 fiaaiXttitq aitl- 

f oc. Cf. II. 4. § 25. Ttgoq Tovrot?, in addition to these, 

14. xnq .... xctTa(jT^(rac> a par/ of his troops he opposed to the rean 
of the Greeks, tlxtp — nataat^aaq = xo/teaxriat. Cf. S. § 222. N. 

2. Repeat e^fr with nagayayup in the next clause. ftip ora 

M)./ifiaiv corresponds to Sh TtagtiyyuXt in the following member.— 
naor^yytiXt. The common reading is nctgi^yyeXt, which Buttmann pro- 
Dounces to be contrary to the usage of Xenophon. 

15. oifSelq fifidgraptp apSgoq, Every stone and arrow took effect 

in the dense masses of the enemy. TtQo&vfidi'roy sc. af£otQidp§i9 

^r^ghq. — — ff « fitXmv, i. e. beyond the reach of the missiles. 

16. ol fi^p, i. e. the Greeks. dxgofioXSau, This word desig- 
nates a skirmish, in which missiles are thrown from a distance. 

The Tc in ydg otrt belongs to rwv Iltgawp. See Bornemann's note. 
Long thinks that this particle is hardly admissible here. 

17. Sitxf'Xovv xgfufifi'oi, they continued to use. Cf. S. § 222. 4. — 
i/itXtTOfV To^f t/«»f ctf© Upttq fiaxgdp, they shot up verticaUy for prob- 
tice, sending their arrows far up, i. e. as high as they could shoot 
them. Krftger conjectures without suflSicient ground, that Sifga Uptn 
is the true reading. 

18. fitXop l/ovTf ?. See N. on I. 10. § 8. dxgofioliiofupoq, 

fkirmishing, Cf. N. on § 16, supra. 

19. oTt . . . . iTTofi^vwv, that an equilateral square (Cf. N. on I. 8. 

§ 9) was a bad order of march, when the enemy were pursuing, 

^Apdyxri rcig iativ ix&Xlfifa&at xovq onXCraq, of necessity tJie heaxf- 

armed troops must be forced out of their ranks. For the cx)n8tructioD, 
cf. S. § 221. N. 4. Notice the construction of dpayxfi with the infini- 
tives tUai, Siaanda&ai, etc, below. rdxegaTa =^ nXevgeU, §22. 

dfia fikv — 0/1 a ^^ ««*, both — and also, 

20. did^aaiv (literally, a passing over) here signifies the place 

crossed, as a ravine, morass, defile^ &c. ^ovXofuvoq (pS-dam ngm- 

€oq, tdshing to be first to cross 9ver. fvtnlS^trov, sc t« nXaUaiop, 

For ToT? 2ioXffiCoi<i after evtnt&erop, see S. § 200. 2. 

21. am hathr dvdgaq,ofone hundred men each. iniatfiaw 

• . . ivmfioxdoxaq. For the construction, cf. S. § 166. aXXovq 

— SXXovq^ same — others, are in apposition with Xoxtiyovq. The order 
of rank in the Spartan army was, 1. fiaaiXtvq, 2, TtoX^/utgxoq, 3. Xo/o- 
yoq, 4. TTfvrtjxovrrjg, 5. iro)fioTdgxrjq, Cf. Schei. ad Thucyd. V. 66. 

§ 3. vTtffitvov {'angoi, stayed behind, war€ «s= tva, vori 

/>, j. e. after the wings were drawn together. 

CK4F i\r.] NOfEa 3i)7 

22. TO /A/acy attUTtCfinkr^aav^ they again Jilled up the centre. It 
appears that the 600, who marched in the centre, halted, when it was 
necessary to draw in the wings. This brought them in the rear, af- 
ter which they filed oflf and marched outside of the wings. When 
the wings separated again, by an inverted process they (i. e. the 600) 

resumed their station in the centre. to Sif'xop^ the opening, vacant 

cy. xaTct Xoxo'vq, by Companies of 100 men each, which would be 

more compact than 12 bodies of 50 each, or 24, of 25 each, as was the 
method of filHng up the centre, when the space weis more extended. 

23. iv rw /iff^ii, vicissim, in turn, in due order. oi Xoxayol, sc. 

CiJIy F^ >Ln/wi'. tt nov Sfot t* t^? qxilayyoq, supply imnaqtivou from 

imna^^aav. (paXayyoq depends upon nov, Mt. § 3*24. 8. 

24. oV xa&rjxov a/ro toi ooovq,, which eoctended from the mountain^ 

1. e. ran out as spurs from it. 1*9 o5, under which == at the foot of 

which. wq ilxht;, as was naiuraU with reason. 

25. xat^paivov, they began to descend. dnh rov \npriko\>,from 

the eminence. tiq to TiQavhq, dovmwards. Hutch, supplies /w- 

^ior. v7to fiaaxCytav, under the lash. Concerning this habit ot 

the Persians, cf. Herod. VII. 22, 56, 103, 223. No wonder that such 
rflaves made worthless soldiers. 

26. As the Grreek slingers and archers could not cast their missiles^ 
or shoot their arrows, up the mountain, it showed no want of bravery 
in them, to retire from so unequal a contest to the ranks of the heavy- 

28. nqixi TO oQoq, i. e. the mountain spoken of, § 24. 

29. oi noUfiioi, i. e. the Persians, ol 710^/1101 in the next clause 
refers to. the Greeks. deSoixotiq. Cf. S. § 209. N. 4. 

30. ol fiiv, i. e. the main army. — — rfj odw xara tohq yijXofpovqf 

in the way over the hills (§ 24). ol S>, i. e. the targeteers, who 

had ascended the mountain. elq raq xMfiaq spoken of, § 24. 

32. ov nofaxov, where first, ?Tt, any longer. anofta/oi^ 

unable to fight. 

33. itooq Tfjr xMfifjr, i. e. the one in which the Greeks were en- 
camped. TinXit TtfQtfjoaVj were far superior, 

34. dtCXfi, Cf N. on I. 8. § 8. 

35. nnvrjoov, a useless thing. Cf S. § 160. N. 2. •»?.... ?•»§- 

iret, as a common thing are shackled, to prevent them from running 
away. Stl — Tlf^iafi civ9^l — dii — •O-taoaxiaS'^vxa. The imper- 
sonal Sfi is constmcted with the dative (S. § 196. 2), or with the ac- 
cus. (S. § 159. N. 1). Here both constructions are combined. Cfl 
VI t. $ 411. 5. Obs. 2. ayrtaxi^voMft = aTZtarQatoTtiStvowo, as thev 

SOS NOTEd. [Book Ul 

erUy alter alteri (fortasse duces militibus) projiciscendmn esse {tcclanui- 

ret." Weiske, quoted by Krflg. and Born. ixffQv^, sc. 6 x^qv^, Ci* 

S. § 157. N. 8. (2). avaxtvdita&ai^ to put themselves in readiness lo 

marcli. axovovratv xdv noXtfiUav^ in the hearing of the enemy ^ m 

to be taken with ixt^jv^i. -^— iTtta/or^ sc. ^avrohq, Xviiv (^ Ai»- 

aitthlyjia governed by iSoxti. noQitnaO-ai and xcttdyia&a^ Ibnii 

tlie subject of i66xsi. 

37. dral^fv^avttqj having broke up their encampment. The Greeka 
were enabled by this stratagem, to proceed three whole days and a 

part of the fourth, unmolested by the enemy. duQiowxCav o^ov$, 

the summit of a hiU. This is in apposition with x***(^^op vntqit^io*^ 

and the same eminence, which is called kwpov in §§41, 44. wf 

^f, UTuler which, 

38. 71 (JoxatiiJififififVTiv, taken possession of beforehand, preoccupied, 

39. intfaivofiivov, coming in sight. The Greeks were now in 
extremities. The hills, at the foot of which lay their route, were pre- 
occupied by a detachment of the enemy. On the right hand were 
the mountains, on the left, the Tigris, while Tissaphernes with the 
main army of the Persians was hanging on the rear, so that no troops 
could be spared from that division, to assist the v£in led by Chiriso- 
phus. It will soon however appear, with what address and gallantry. 

they were extricated from these difficulties. ti fiti toinovq ano- 

ttotffo/itp, unless we dislodge them, 

40. *0 <^^, i. e. Xenophon, who is also the speaker in the sentence 

commencing with *AXXa fiiiv wgot. nq = fi/ulq, like our use of 

one for we. 

41. rov oQovq TY/r xo(}v<pfjv. This was a higher elevation, than the 
one a little in advance occupied by the Persians. Hence if the Greeks 
could get possession of this commanding eminenee, they could easily 
drive the enemy from the heights, upon which they had posted them- 
selves. Xea&ai, Cf. N. on I. 5. § 8. — to ox^ov, i. e. to» 

oQovq xfiv xogvq)f}v, t4 fiovXei, ifyou are willing. ti 6k XQV^^ 

but ifyou desire to go. 

42. kXda&ai is the object ofS(Sw/it, ftaxQa> .... Xaptip = to 

itTzo triq ovQoiq Xafielv ^v ftax(jdv. As it respects the construction 
of Xafiflv with fiax^av, it is usual to give the positive in such cases 
the force of the comparative, and supply ^ &ate before the infin- 
itive. But Mt (§ 448. p. 746) says " properly speaking, the positive is 
not here used for the comparative, but the infinitive expresses either 
the respect in which the adjective is to be taken (Mt. § 534), or the 
effect of the obstacle included in the adjective, so that it is to be taken 
m a negative sense, far, so as to prevent bringing^ i. e. too far ti 

CfUP. V.l NOTES. 309 

43. Tot« tqianoalov^ i. e. half of the F^ k^o^ spoken of, § 21| 

44. xov Xo^ot;, i. e. the/ai^^of vniqSi^iov of § 37. to Hxqov referi 

to the higher elevation spoken of, § 41. afMkXda&cu inl to &xgo9^ 

to contend for the height, i. e. to reach it before the Greeks. " In 
Xenophonte afukkda&a^. semiper de summo studio perveniendi alique 
reperitur." Sturz. 

45. atQattvfiaxoq diaxtUvoft^vwv. Cf. N. on xoTTToyrcC} H. 1. § 6. 

Ttolkfi fM,\v nqavyfi — itoXlii 6i x^avy^. The consciousness that they 

▼ere striving in the sight of both armies, the shouts of cncourage- 
nent with which they were cheered on, and the great interests at 
stake, must have exerted a powerful influence upon these rival bandsy 
as they strove for the summit of the mountain. Krfig. thmks that the 
repetition of xgavyij is needless. 

46. "ArSgfq, vvv tiq x. t. X. No appeal could be more powerful than 
this. The repetition o£vvv is exceedingly spirited and emphatic. 

47. i^ Xaov — iofifp, ^'cequali conditione sumusJ'^ KrOg. " - 
xaXfyimq xdfivm triv aantSa (pfQtav, I am greatly fatigued with carrying 
my shield. S. § 222. 3. Kriig. joins /altTtwq to (jpf^wr, carrying with 

48. Kai, o« = xai oSto^;. v/roy***', to go forward, before the 

one, who notqtxiXivtxo, i. e. Xenophon. nagi,^vai, to pass by 

Xenophon whose progress was retarded, by the weight of the feci- 
dier's shield in addition to his own cumbrous armor. 

49. avafiaq, sc. int xov Vnnop Hutq fidai/ia ^p, as far as he 

could proceed on horseback, literally, as far as it was accessible to a 
horse, fiounfia. Verbals in the predicate, not referring to a proper 
^abject, are often put in the plural. Cf. Mt § 443. 1. 


1. aXXrj¥ odo9 wxovxo. For the construction, cf. S. § 164. 

2. xa&* agnayriVj for plunder. '—• xal .... xax(Xfi<p0^aap, for 
many herds of cattle were taken, while they were transported acros§ 
the river, i. e. while the owners were attempting to pass them over to 
secure them from the Greeks. 

3. ivvoovfitvov fill. ^^' ®* § ^'^^' ^' *^ xaCoitP, sc. xaq x«i/i<tq, 

4. xfiq fiofi&ttaq, the relief o^ihe foragers, who had been suddenly 
attacked by the Persians. See § 2, supra. 

5. 'Ogaxt i7vai, you see that they (i. e. the Persians) are ac- 
knowledging the country now to be ours. a, for fxtlva a, refers to 

i»i( . . . . x**Q^*' ""^ a^ol xatovatv is put for avTol /roiotkii ««C««^%v^ 

310 NOr£a [Book Ili 

which, noioikfi governs ^xelro, the suppressed antecedent of a. — 
iap nov = wherever. 

6. w$ . . . . fjfiiti(jaq, sc. jifw^cK, OS if in defence of our country. A 
playful remark of Xenophon, not intended as sober advice. His ob* 
ject was to arouse the drooping spirits of the men, and therefore ho 
indulged in a vein of pleasantry. 

7. ini raq axrjraq. As the tents had been burned (HI. 3. § 1), this 
means nothing more than that they retired to their respective stations 
in the camp. Renneli thinks, that they adopted the plan of hivouac- 

ing, after iheir tents were burned. ol /ikv aXXot, i. e. the common 

soldiers. iptavd-a^ i. e. in the council of officers. "Ep&fv /iiv 

— fv&itSh. See N. on II. 4. § 22. ogri — v/ttginfffiXa. These 

were the Carducliian mountains (IV. 1. § 2). — — nora/ioq, i. e. the 

Tigris. TO ^d&oq is an accus. synecdochical. iW^^^j^ctr, pc. 

cot/ v^atoq. S. § 184. 1. TtnQMfie'voiqrov pdO-ovq, trying the depth. 

mii^iUfifPoK, limits do^ara. S. § 197. N. 4. For the construction of 
fid&ovq, cf. N. on III. 2. § 38. 

8. nat6 rtTQaxiaxi^'tovq, 6y4000 at a time. Cf. Mt. § 581. p. 1017. 

9. '^axatvy bottles of skins. TatTa= irrav&a, Cf. Butt 

§ 127. 1 ; S. § 149. N. 1. " of to? and ode are oflen used instead of 
the adverbs * here,' * there,' the speaker pointing as it were with the 

finger." Mt§471. 12. fpvafi&fvxa. "Brevitatis studio ductus 

ad bestias refert quod de bestiarum pellibus dicendum erat." Kr&g. 
Concerning this mode of crossing rivers, cf. 1. 5. § 10. 

10. TotTOif .... dXXfiXovq^^ with these (i. e. oi dta/iot) having fasten- 
ed the leather bottles together. Xt&ovq agrtjactq, sc. ^x T«5f aax6f. 

cLfKpoxd^fn&tv, " ex utraque parie?^ Sturz. 

11. ainlxa fidka. forthwith, immediately. ftdXa giveB emphasis to 

avT^xa. ndq, every. S, § 140. N. 6. V^ti xov fifi xaxadvvfu, 

will prevent from sinking. S. § 180. 2. *• ?;if**»', to prevent^ is follow- 
ed by the infinitive alone, or with the article in the genitive. Cf Mt 
§ 542. y. 

12. ot . . . . noitX-p. The order is, o'ttvO-vq ap inixQtnop rolq nqd- 
toiq Ttoitlp oitSiv toi'xwv, sc. d intxtt^Qovr. Tissaphemes had proba- 
bly stationed this body, of cavalry on the opposite shore of the Tigris, 
in order- to prevent the Greeks from crossing, if they should attempt 

13. eiq ... , Bafivkwva. The best solution of this passage, is the 
one given by Born., " Postridie via Babyhnica (i. e. ea, quse e provin- 
ces Babylonem ducebat) relicta aJiam viam ingressi sunt Hit contra" 
rtam. Dind. would reject ^ before ngoq Bapvlwva. In that case, the 
sense would be, that the Greeks turned backa^gain towards Babyloti 
Bvt it can liardly h% conc«iv«d that they would again expofi« them' 

rnAt. « j NOTJwl 3 i 

•elves by a retrograde movement, to the attacks of the Persians, irom 
whom they had suffered so much in their recent march over the hiiis. 

xataHavaamq, sc. taq xwfia^, Cf. § 3. ofioioi ijoap &av 

f^d^nv is the reading adopted by Dind. But Born., Pop., and Krtig., 
make ofio^oi ijaap = ii^xtaav, and read ofioiot ^aap ^av/idl^ovreq. 
That this construction is admissible, cf. Mt § 555. Oba, 2. " Equidem 
)>er8uasum habeo legendum, xal oloi ^aap &avfid}atip, et mirari vid&- 

banturP Porson. o/ro* nmi rfjfy/ovtou oi "EXkriPtq, whither the 

Greeks could possibly be going, otto* ttot^ corresponds to our familiar 
expression, where in the world rgtyfoptou — ?/oif y. The indic- 
ative and optative are here inUrchanged. Cf. Mt. § 529. 5 (end). 

14. fjXfyxov . * , , eXfi = ^A^y/ov (tovq alxfJiaXwtovq) rlq eXri fi/wga 
ixdatri X. t, k, Cf. N. on II. 3. §11 (beginning). fiUyxov takes two 
accusatives. S. § 165. 1. 

15. T^? inl BapyXUpOj sc. oiou. S. § 140. N. 5. fv^a .... pa- 

aiXtvq. Cf. N. on II. 4. § 25. — — tiq KitQdovxovq. See N. on I. 3. 

§ 5 (end). " The Carduchians are the ancestors of the modem 

Kourds^ who have extended themselves along the ridges and valleys 

of Mt Taurus, from Asia Minor to the neighborhood of Ispahan, and 
who occupy the country named from themselves KourdistanJ' Rennell. 

16. Ttfy (fvaxfoglap = Ta o^ij. In the narrow defiles of these rug- 
ged mountains, a large army would be embarrassed in its movements 

and easily cut to pieces. atptop = xtfo*; atpoiv (Mt. § 323. 6), Tftroc^ 

being the subject o^ inifnypvpai,, which takes in this place the middle 

signification, to mingle wUh, ixelpwp refers to the Carduchians. 

The sense of this passage is, that there was a friendly intercourse 
between the mountaineers and the inhabitants of the plain. 

17. Tourov?, i. e. the Carduchians. — - ditkO-optaq refers to av- 
Toi'« (i. e. the Greeks), the omitted subject of *i^Stip, 

18. *Bnl toinoiq, i. e. in reference to their contemplated route 

through the Carduchian country. hntivlxa xoU Soxoiti t^c •*^>€i 

when it seemea the proper time, untaq limits oTtiivCxa. S. { 188. % 
#iffi«Knw\0/»^rovc is middle in sifmificatioii. 

aif ivoiKj. 



2. fv&a s= ixilat fv&a. navtdnaujkv anoQoqj totally impoMabie* 

aAAot .... ixQffiaro, but the Carditchian mountains hung precipi" 

Urns over the very river, ixg/iioLto, imperf. mid. of xQt/idpvv/jii, as from 
a theme xge/itifn. 

3. Twr aXiaxofievfov, S. § 172. N. 2. — dUX&ouv — Siapi^aorreu, 
Cf. S. § 217. N. 4 (second paragraph). — ntgUaai has a fut signi- 
fication. " ovT<a oTTfyof," says Dind., " non emendarunt qui ol th 

otivor vel oi'tfaq f/ov conjecerunt." 

4. afta fA^v Xad-flv . . . . ra axga, endeavoring both to conceal thek 
movements and anticipate the enemy in taking possession of the mcun- 

5. xal , ,,. TttBlnvy and so much of the night remained^ as that the$ 
coidd pass through the plain in the dark. For oaor (= roaotTop Sta- 
rt) ^itX&riv, cf. Mt. §5 479. Obs. 2. 6; 545; S. § 220. 1. oMoraiovq. 

See N. on II. 2. § 17. aTio TragayriXatfaq, at the word ofconVmand. 

nagdyytXaiq is used of a command, issued by the general and passed 
from one to another, when, as in the present instance, to give orden 
by the herald would expose their designs to the enemy. 

6- ofvft) TioQtvofidvwvj sc. ainwvy while they were asc&nding ths 

7. TO vTTfg^dXXov Tov atgartv/iaroqj ^^ut qiUBque exerdtus pars jth 
gum superabat.^^ Zeun. to vnfgpdXXov, Cf. Mt § 270. 2 ; S. § 14(1 
3. tov (Trgatfvfiaroq, Mt § 442. 2 ; S. § 177. 2. The sense is, that 
the divisions of the array, as they successively passed over the sum- 
mit, followed on after Chirisophus, who commanded the vanguard, 

and was on his way to the villages. ayxtaC rt xai fivxolq^ valleys 

and recesses, 

8. vnoq)nd6(iivoi .... KagSovxoi^ sparing them to see wh-dher tht 
Carduchians by some means would be willing. Of a future event 
which is yet doubtful, ti is often used elliptically with the omission ol 
nrngw/itvoq^ 0xonav, When the doubtfulness of the result is to be 

cbaw. lJ notes. 313 

strongly marked, the optative is used jf present actions." Of Mt 

§ 526. 

9. ovtt xalovvTwf v7t^xovo9f paid no regard to the Greeks when 
they called to them (i. e. the Carduchians). 

10. axoTcuoi' See N. on II. 2. § 17. oXriP r^r ii/iigmv — iyivf 

ro = consumea the whole day. rifid^av, S. § 168. 1. — — tot« res- 
ponds to *E7td^ at the commencement of the section. hXlyoi ta^^c 

o^Tf^, being very few, i^ aTr^o^doxiJTcr = a;r^o«(^ox«{Tov9, uneiC' 

pectedly, To'^Ai/nxoy = oi "EXXtirtq, Mt § 269. 1. 

11. ixivdvpfvoBP, ^^periculumerat?^ Sturz. noXXa^ sc. iid{*fi. 

avvt^Qfov aXXriXovq^ i. e. the Carduchians communicated with one 

another, by means of fires and other signals. In this way the alarm 
could be rapidly given to great numbers. Some erroneously trans* 
late the passage, as though oi KaQSovxoiitaioi"EXXfir(q were the sub- 
ject of avviwQtip. 

12. rwp Tf . . . . dwotroirara, the beasts of burden which were neces- 
sary and most able, vno^vydov depends upon ra dvayxala and 6vvar 

•cwtcvtou S. § 177. 1. vswatl aixfidXioxa = vtmoti laAwxdrok 


13. SxoXaCav .... no^eCav, rendered the march slow, retarded the 

march. inl toi^ok? in charge of these. " With the dat. irrC is 

put to express occupations or employments." Mt § 586. 5. ^O" 

^ap 6i ravra, these things having been determined upon. For the 
construction, cf. S. § 168. N. 2. The part sing, is here joined to the 
neut. plur., on the same principle, that the verb is oftentimes so con- 
nected. Cf. Mt. § 437. Obs. 3. 

14. iv artv^, in a narrow pa^s. t«i' tigtifi^voiv, i. e. tovtwpa 

miptipcu eXgiito. So Kr&g. ^f/ wpUfuvop dtprjgovPTo, they took away 

from the one who had not given it up. For the construction, cf. S. 
f 165. 1. ^-^ %X tlq. Cf. N. on I. 4. § 9. — to /liv xi fiaxofMvo*% 
miTnetimes fighting a little. 

15. x^^/*^^ TtoXxf^j a great storm. 

16. dpax<Kovteq (^'-( dvaxf^Q^^mq, Suid.) is found in prose, only 
m the writings of Xenophon. The deponent is the usual form. Cf. 
IV. 7. § 10 ; Cyr. VII. 1. § 24. 

17. aXXoTe /iir ore, at other times when. tote Si, but then, i. e. 

<m the occasion here spoken of. ote nagtyyv^to, i. e. when the 

word was passed by Xenophon for him (i. e. Chirisophus) to halt 
— — oT» Ttqdyfid tt el% that there was some trouble. We are told 

what this ngdyfta was in § 20, infra. 7taQtX&6pti> to the front ot 

the army. bfiota (pvytiq, similar to a flight S. § 195. N. 1. — 

in&if^wi>vXa^t limits nogela, Cf. S. § 197. N. 4. 

18. ita/tntgiq, through oitfi through, A Homenc wordL 


514 NOTES [Book IV. 

10. rnqntiJ (2x19, just aa he was, immediaiely. So the Schol. on 

Thucyd. III. 30 defines wqntg ^/o/mv, w^neg viiv id/iiv, oAA* .... 

ftdxta&at, hut so led them that they were obliged to flee and fight ai 
the same time, literally, to fight while fieeing. — r^^vaxov. The 
pert*, and pluperf. of S^anio are syncopated in the dual and plural 
Cf. Butt. Irreg. Verbs, p. 126 ; Carmichael Gr. Verbs, svb voce. The 
amiy in these trying circumstances could ill afford to lose two brave 
men, and hence no wonder that Xenophon, before he had learnt the 
cause, was disposed to censure Chirisophus for not halting, when the 
word was passed to him, that the rear was attacked. 

20. BUrffov .... Xdt, cast your eyes upon the mountains and see, 
fiXitf/oy has reference to the mere act of seeing, XSe, to the actual per- 
cept ion of the object — MCa.,.. og^Ca, i. e. atfrrj (here) ftla 

o66q iativ, oQ&Ca (ovaa). Kriig. Krug. translates Jtx^aatv, exitum 

in reference to tlie valleys and recesses, in which it is said (§7, supra) 
the Greeks were inclosed. But Hutch., Sturz, Born., and Pop., 
interpret it, aditum ad montis jugum. 

21. Tavra, i. e. dia ravra, Cf. Mt. 470. 7. tX nat^ SwitCfujVf 

trying if in some way I might be able. For the ellipsis of some such 
word as neigoj/ifvoq with d, see N. on § 8. supra. 

22. ^fiiv TZQfiyfAata naqtixov. See N. on I. 1. § 11. — — ©Tre^ .... 

inoCriat, which also enabled us to take breath, toi'tov refers to 

onmq .... /^i/(7a(a*^a. Dind., Born., Pop., and Krug., after Schneid., 
adopt the reading xc>^'ya(««*a. But that the common reading X9T 
Gvifig&a is defensible, cf. Butt. § 139. 4 ; Mt § 519 ; Rost § 122. II. N. 
4 ; S. § 214. N. 1. 

23. ovx ?<jpi/, denied that he knew of any other road. Cf. N. on 
ovx f(paaav, I. 3. § 1. ■ xaXtficiXa. See N. on I. 5. § 8. — ^t/iwriff 
ncU vTto^vytoK; 7toQfvea&-at oSov, in a road that was passable for even 
the beasts of burden, vno^vyCoiq limits tivvatfjv. S. §200. nogtvto^tu 
depends on <Jv»'aT^ and has vnotnyCotq for its expressed subject 
6S6v is an accus, synecdochical. S. § 167. 

25. SvqTTagiTov, difficult to pass. o depends upon nctgtX&tlf, 

S. § 163. 2. Tt?. Cf. N. on II. 3. § 23. 

26. ntXxaaraq is here used as an adjective in agreement with io- 

Xayo^'i' '^^^ oTtXitviy, some of the heavy-armed. Ct S. $ 173. 1. 

— — Ttt nagorta, the present state of affairs. 

27. xal oi'to?. Cf. I. 10. § 18 ; II. 6. § 30. "Eyw r»Q, f^Vy ©^ 

». T. X. Notice the change to the oratio recta. Cf. I. 3. § 14. 

28. rial' yv/ivrirtuv would have been joined in the same construction 
with Twf /ihv onXirwv in § 27, but the writer having paused to notice 
the noble strife between the captains of the heavy-armed, resurret 
lAe narration with a somewhat different construction. 

CBikF. ih] NOTES. a 15 


i. ol d*, L e. Chnisophus and XenophoD. avvtC&evtaij they 

(i. e. the generals) arranged with them (i. e. Aristonymus and his 
associates). This verb, from the idea of command contained m it, is 

followed by the infinitives (pvXatrti^Vy ari^iaCvfi>v^ and iivai. xor? 

^y, I. e. Aristonymus, Agasias, etc. avta ovxoLq^ i. e. having reached 

the eminence, spoken of, § 25 of the preceding chapter. tij» 

upavtqav Xxfiaaiv, Cf. IV. 1, § 20. avxol d> refers to the generals. 

S. § 158. N. 2. 

2. TtXrid-oq, in number, S. § 167. v9foQ — i^ ov^at-o?, rain^ liter 

ally, water from heaven (i. e. the clouds). Cf the Lat ccdestis aqua, 

— : oniaq .... vovv^ in order thai the enemy might turn their ait en' 

Hon that way. 

3. (nlxaqddQtf, Cf. III. 4. § 1. The common reading is /a^aJ^av, 
yet the dat is the more usual construction, and has in this place the 

approbation of the best critics. oXoirooxovq. Suid. defines oAotr^o- 

/ovC) arqoYyvXovqy Hesych., axQOYYvlovq U&ovq, a/ia^iaCovq, suit" 

able for a waggon, i. e. very large, nqhq to? nsr^aq nraCovxt^^ 

dashing against the rocks. diiafpfvSovwvtn, leaped about in ercrj 

direction. Hutch, renders, " tanquam e funda contorquebanticr." 
The word happily expresses the impetuosity and force, with which 
the splintered fragments of these rocks were hurled about, in their 
descent to the valley below. 

4. ti .... Svvairro (sc. TttXdaai) when they xoere unable to proceed 
this way. " When tl accompanies a.i action often repeated in past 
time, it takes an optative, like the proper particles of time followed by 

the imperf or aor. indie." Mt § 524. 5. Cf. N. on I. 5. § 2. inoC" 

ovp. Cf. S. § 210. N. 2. ■ (popovfiivoi drjXov oxt. These wordi 
have been added from the Paris and Eton MSS. by Schneid., and 
afler him by Dind. and Bom., but are regarded as suspicious by 

Zeune, Krftg., Pop., and some other respectable critics. inavaav^ 

TO ... . X(&ovq. Krtig. reads aPtTtaitaavxOf followed by a comma, and 
gives as the sense: ne somnum quidem ceperunt, per.totam noctem 
lapides devolventes. But this erroneously makes the deprivation of 
sleep m the Carduchian army the main object of attention to the read- 
er, whereas, the simple idea intended to be conveyed is the \ULVc^»t- 

316 NOTES. [Book IV 

mpted descent of stones during the whole night For the construe* 
lion of i/zavaavTo— xvXivSoT'Vtti;, see S. § 222. 3. avsnavaarro is nevef 
*buiul in construction with the participle. 

5. Oi 6% i. e. the party under Aristonymus, &c. Mq to axQof 

maT^XovTtq^ supposing that they had possession of the JieigJU, i. e. the 
eminence spoken of, IV. 1. § 25. For the use of »«, de re spercUa^ 
cf. N. I. 1. § 10. 

6. Tiao OI', near which. i(p ^, where, ji refers to 6do« going 

before. Udd-rivtot were sitting. Cf. S. § 118. X. avTo^cr 

from thai place, i. e. where the Greek detachment was passing the 

7. iaati .... TtgoqtX&'ovTiq, so that unpercevoed they came close to 

them, iTtefp&ir^aro^ ^^ad a^grediendum sonavUy KrCig. The 

vulgar reading is itp&fy^azo, which Pop. supports on the ground} 
that intip&i'y^ato is opposed to the tisus loquendi of Xenophon, and 
that the idea insonandi ad aliquid does not suit in this place 

— Xtrro, Cf. N. on I. 5. § 8. (pfvyortfq oA/;^o* aneO^tiaxov^ 

few whUe fleeing were killed, oltyot is in apposition with ol 6\ Cf. 
N. on ^vioi^ XL 4. § 1. yag in the next clause introduces the rea- 
son, why the Greeks succeeded in killing but few of the enemy. 

8. xoToe oLTQipeiq biovqj in unfrequented paths; as we say, in by- 

paths. avCfittr .... dogaat^ they drew one another up with their pikes 

avCfuav (Trom l/jiaq^ a thxmg, or leather strap) signifies to draw wp(= 
aviilxov, Suid.) toith a cord, as water from a well. The word in this 
place finely expresses the steepness of the ascent, the soldiers above 
drawing up with their spear-handles those below, in some resi^ects. 
as a bucket of water is drawn up from a well. 

9. Kai o^Tot, i. e. those who xora atgifidq oSoiq iTtogivono, • 

tUv oTiia&ofpvldxtav tovq tifiCatiq =: tovq 6nia^oq>vlaxaq xovq fiftlan^. 

Cf. Mt. § 442. 1. riTttg, sc. o^w, the same way. o* . . . . */ni^«?, 

i. e. the detachment spoken of, § 1. evodcoraTi/ yag ^p, sc. hSoq. 

10. Kal .... alloi^ hvi these (i. e. the part of the army led by Xen- 
ophon) might have marclud the same way which the others had takeiu 
'^ The use of av in past actions to express ability, is founded on a sup- 
pressed cona'tion." Mt § 599. 2. b. Cf. also S. § 213. N. 3 

dXXfi ^ ravTij, any other way than this, viz. the way under the hill pos- 
sessed by the barbarians. For the construction, cf. S. § 186. N. 5. 

11. og&Coiqtolq Xoxoiq, ^^ rectis ordimbus,^ Krfg. "t7a ut loch 
singtdi procederent, non latamfrontemfacerentJ^ Weiske. The ex- 
pression answers to our military term, in columnsj i. e. a body oi 
tr^^^ps drawn up, with the divisions so arranged behind one another, 
as to present a narrow front to the enemy. Accordingly as the inter- 
vals between the divisions are compressed or extended, the cohimn if 

Chap. H.] NOTEa 317 

said to be in close or open order. ov xrxAa i. e not entirely sur- 
rounding the hill, as that would have rendered the enemy desperate. 

12. tiwq, as long as. idvvarro fxaaroq, Cf. S. § 157. 4. 

iyyvq ^ ov nqoqUvTo = but they did not wait for the Greeks to ap- 
proach very neai them. xattxo/ifvov by the Carduchians. — 

av ^tQ, forthwith. 

13. 'EvvofjacK; — firj» Cf. N. on III. 5. § 3. tor rjXtaxora koipovs 

the hill which had been taken, Cf. S. § 205. N. 2. Inl noVv . . . • 

noQtvoiifva, for the beasts of burden formed a long line, inasmuch as 
they were pacing along a narrow way. inl ttoXv, "in longum ea> 
plicata.^^ Sturz. art (i. e. a, t/) — noQtvofitva. Cf Mt § 568 ; S. 
§ 222. 1. 

14. TtoXv oQ^iwraToq, by far the steepest, Steph. conjectures 
oQ&i»rtQo<; ^, on the ground that the eminence, at the foot of which 
the Carduchians were surprised (Cf §§6, 7). was already taken by 
the Greeks. But a reference to those sections will show, that the 
barbarians were only said to be driven from the open road, and not 
from the eminence. 

15. iyf¥0¥To oi "ElXrirtq, The Common reading is ^yov (sc. rrir 

atqaridv) ol "ElXtiviq, which Mt (§ 496. 1) approves. I'Trw/rrei'^r, 

BC. Tzdvttq elicited from the preceding ndau The order is vnomreiffv 

avrovq dnoXmnv ditaavrtq ^irj xvxXwO-e'vrfq, a§a, now, — ta 

oTtiaO-ev yiyvo/iera refers to what is detailed in § 17, infra. 

16. Indyeiv, See N. on III. 4. § 48. iv tS ofiaXot, sc x^Q^» 

n a level place, where they could be drawn up. ^^a&at ra ottXo, 

':onsistere in armis et instructos?^ Schneid. 

17. tiO-vaav, Cf N. on IV. 1. § 19. xard xi]q TZftgaq, down 

from the rocks. 

18. in dvxCnoqov Xotpov, This seems to have been the second hilJ 

epoken of, § 12 (end). tw fiaaxS, i. e. the elevation, which Xeno- 

phon ascended avv xoiq vtandtotq (§ 16). fiotarw limits' dvrC/rogop. S. 
§ 196. 1. 

19. i(p ^ (= M rovrtf atq. Butt. § 150. p. 435), on condition that, 

xaCtiv. S. § 220. 1. *E9 ^. Cf N. on I. 10. § 10. dXXo 

argdtevfia refers to the division of the heavy-armed, who marched in 

the rear to protect the baggage. See § 9, supra. oi d> refers to 

Xenophon and his company who were parle5dng with the enemy. 

ndrttq .... 7ToX//*ioi. The text follows the reading adopted by 

Dlnd. and Bom. But Pop., Krttg.. and Long edit ndrrrq oi, the 
reading of the MSS., and place a full stop after awt^Qvijaav, which 
perhaps gives a better solution of the passage. Born, places a com* 
ma after both ndvxtq and awe^gvriaar, 

20. iml r,g^<»vto, i. e. the Greeks with Xenophon ' SiV.V.««^ . . 


318 NOTES [Book IV 

htivro refers to thofe who were drawn up ii^ r^ o/taXwy § 16. The 

same band is referred to in roi'? (wrttrayfifvovqy § 21, infra. xar^ 

a^tv, aor. act uf xardyi'Vfii. On the augment, see S. § 80. N. 3. 
— aTtdiTttp. Perhaps from apprehension of no attack, he had gone 
to some other part of the army, but it is, however, more natural to 
refer his absence to fear, inspired by the sudden asfia^ilt of the 

21. Ttt/o dfitpoXv TrQnptpXfifikvoq, ^^ chjecto clypeo ambos protegent? 
Sturz. Cf I. 2. § 17. 

22. nav .... 'EXXrivixov^ i. e. Chirisophus, and Xenophon reuniteo 

their forces. h constructed with i7iitfiSt£oiq, is to be taken in the 

tense of furnished with. '■ IdxxoK; xonaToiqj plastered cisterns. 

This shows the great abundance of the wine. 

23. Ttdi'Ta inoCtinav xoiq dnoO-avovoiv^ i. e. they buried them with 
all the military honors. ^x riav Swardv, according to their abili- 
ty. iaqntQ vofiC^ixai (sc. noiiiv from the preceding member), as is 

customarily done. 

24. For the construction of ont} tXtj^ cf. Mt § 527. 2 ; S. § 216. 2. 

25. o/roTf — xa))A'oter. Cf. N. on fnei rtq dt,(axot^ I. 5. § 2. — 

Toi'? n(j(OTovqj the van of the army. llr* trjv aTrotpqa^iv t^? naoidov^ 

removed the obstruction of the way, i. e. drove the barbarians from the 
passes, where they had posted themselves in order to obstruct the 

march. rdiq nowtoiq. S. § 196. 4. — TZfiQoiftfvoq dvfarftm y^ 

ytia&ai, endeavoring to be above, i. e. to ascend some eminence, which 
commanded the pass occupied by the enemy. In the next verse, we 
6nd that Chirisophus in like manner assisted the rear, when tkey were 
pressed by the enemy. rmv xai).v6vrotv, S. § 186. 1. 

26. irf/vooiq .... inffidkovro, were very attentive in rendering <jr- 
tistance to one another. Cf. S. § 182. 

27. 'Hv — o/roTf, sometimes. Cf. N. on II. 6. § 9. fyyv&fp, 

i. e. i^ oUyoVf ".cui oppositum est ix TroAAor." Krflg. Cf. ^x nXroroq, I. 
10. § 11 The idea is, that the Carduchians were so agile, that they 
could approach very near to the Greeks for the purpose of annoying 
them, and yet easily escape, although having very little the start of 
their pursuers. 

28. iyyvq rijiTtrixijj well nigh three cubits long. Cf VII. 8. § IS. 
Krflg. also cites Agis. VII. 5, iyyi<: fiiQioi. Hell. II. 4. § 32, dntxttiraf 

iyyvq rgidxorta. ngoq to xdrta x. r. A. This passage has puzzled 

critics not a little. Hutch, reads nqo^aCvovxtq and interprets, " nerros 
cum sagittas missuri essent, ad imam arcing partem adducebant, sinis- 
trum pedem promoventes?^ But this position is so usual for archers^ 
when about to discharge their arrows, that we can hardly suppose 
Xenophon would gravely tel h'.s countrymen, that such was the pos- 

Chap. III.] NOTES. 319 

tare of the Carduchians. Besides, i£nQoq ro^ov is connected witl^ 

any thing in the sentence, it must be with ngoq^alpovrtq, and not, as 
Hutch, aud Belfour suppose, with ilknop to^ vivgaq, which seems 
to make no conceiveable sense. The various solutions given to the 
passage, by Leun., Amas., Brod., Weiske, &c., are all unsatisfactory. 
Schneider's interpretation seems to be the best of any yet given, and 
is cited approvingly by Born., Pop., and Krug. " DifHcultatem om- 
nem facile explicabit si mecum et cum interprete germanico, Halb- 
kart, statuas arcum affixum fuisse fusti canaliculato, qualem medium 
eevum arcvbalistam vocabat, unde Gallicum arbalete originem duxit 
quod telum Armbrust appellare solemus. Retinaculum retinet ner- 
vum summa cum vi tensum ; impulsum vero manu ejaculatur telum 
canali impositum. Ita apparet quomodo nervus summa cum vi. pede 
einistro arcui imo imposito, adductus retineri potuerit in arcu sublato." 
A very convenient way of fitting the arrow to the arhalist or cross- 
bow^ would be to place the left foot upon the bow, where it was joined 
to the Slock, and with both hands to draw the string home to the notch. 

at the head of the groove in which lay the arrow. ixQiivro avrolq 

■ aiiovTCoi<:t used them (i. e. the arrows) for darts, /^ao^at is 

here followed by two datives. Cf. Mt § 396. 1. ivayxvXaivrtq, 

Jixing the ayxvkti upon them, Yates (Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. 
Antiq. p. 50) shows conclusively, that the ayxiilti must have been dif- 
ferent from the amentum or leather thong fastened to the lance. It 
was probably, as its name imports, something crooked or curved, 
which was fixed to the middle of the shaft as a rest for the hand when 
with the aid of the amentum, it was about to launch the spear. 


1. vn^Q tov TttSton, over the plain. — Ktvtgttfiv, This river sep- 
arates the country of the Carduchians from Armenia. It is now call- 
ed Bitlis-Soo. o^cW. Cf N. on I. 2. § 21. rwv Kagdovxwp 

18 to be taken with rdip oQk'mv^ from which it is separated, either to 
avoid the termination <uy in so many successive words, or for the sake 
of a rhythmical ending of the sentence. 

2. TtoXXa , , . , (ivriiiovtxHivxtq, Cf. Cic. de Fin. Lib. II. 32. "Ju- 

cundi acti labores." *' Sua vis laborum est praeteritorum memo- 

fift." A similar sentiment is found in Virg. ^n. I. 202-3 : 


revocate animos, moestumque timorem 

Mittite ; forsan et hoBc olim meminisse juvabit" 

320 NOTES. [Booic 1^ 

'Enra fag fift^g^^ If we make the first of these days embrace the 
events detailed, IV. I. §§ 4-11 ; the second, IV. 1. §§ 12-14 ; the third 
IV. 1. § 13. — 2. § 7 ; the fourth, IV. 2. §§ 8-23 ; the fifth, IV. 2. §§ 24 
-28, there will be wanting two days, which Rennell supplies from 
the time given to rest, IV. 2. §§22-3. But Kr&g. more correctly 
supposes three days to have been consumed in what is narrated IV 
2. §§ 24-27, the writer having omitted to mention the particular events 

of each day. oaa .... Tiaaoup^gvovq, more than all the evils pui 

together, which they had suffered from the king and THssaphemeSj 
literally, as many evils, as were not all (i. e. as all did not equal), 

which they had suffered /romf^e king, &c. -^^/w^ ixotfiti&riaar. 

They little knew what dreadful sufferings awaited them in the snows 
of Armenia. 

3. o/O^aiq, literally, banks of di river. Here it designates the em- 
inences pertaining to the Centrites, yet some distance from the 
stream. Cf. § 5. 

6. aTto Tor Ttorafiov ajtelxov, Cf. S. § 226. N. 9. x^igonoltitoq, 

artificial, literally, made with the hand, 

6. rgaxvq .... ohad-rjQolqj the river (i. e. its bed) was rough with 
targe and slippery stones. cl ih /tti, otherwise, i. e. if they attempt- 
ed to hold their shields in the water. Cf. Mt. § 617. b ; Butt. § 148. 
N. 10. 

7. *'E9&a ,, ,, fiaav, hut where they had been the preceding night , 

Cf. N. on ^aav, I. 1. § 6. Notice the anaphora in ogmai ia>p 

hq&oi di — ogeiai Si, 

8. iv nidaiq M^oO-ai, to have been bound in fetters. altcu ^. 

Supply f^ofay from the preceding clause. avrofiaro^ ntg^^gvijvahto 

fall from him of their own accord. The 2 aor. pass, ofg^ia is used by 
the Attics in an active signification. Cf. Butt § 114. P; Carmichael 
Gr. Verbs, p ^52. The word is here tropically applied to the pan- 
ing asunder and falling off of fetters, to express the ease and sudden- 
ness of the act as it appeared in the dream. Siapaivfir, " divan- 

caiis pedibus siare,^ Born. The word happily expresses the long 
and irregular strides, with which a prisoner, in the first moments-of his 
freedom, assures himself that he is really free from the chains, which 

had so long restrained his movements. xaAoJ^ fata&a$. Adverbs 

sometimes follow dftt and other such verbs in the predicate. Cf. 
Mt § 309. c, 

9. wq rax tar a ?oj? v7if<paiv(v, ^^quam primum aurora illucert 
caspisset?^ Person, w? rdxiara in the sense of as soon as, is usually 

disjoined by one or more words. inl rov TtgHtov, sc. Ugttov^ whicb 

is added, VI. 3. ^S 2. 

10. iiitfi ov«$, amy one mighi go to him, — — tlTttip . . . noU^o^ 

Chap. IH,] NOTES. 321 

io communicate whateter intelligence he had, respecting matterB per- 

taimng to the war. 

11. oT» . . . . nvQy that they Jiappened ij be gathering brushtcooo 

for the Jive. iv rw Tttgav, on the other side. xaO-rixovaaiq . . . 

TtotafAov, extending down to the very river. Cf. S. § 144. 2. 

12. ovdh .... tovto,for this place covld not he approa4Jied by the 
enemy^s horse, on account of* the rocks xa^i/xoiWt? in avToy toi' tio- 

rafjiov. 'ExSuvteq, putting off, sc. their clotbes. w« vevaov- 

fisvoi, supposing that they would have to swim across, Cf. N. on cw?, 
I. 1. § 10. vtvaovfifvoi is the Dor. fut. mid. of vfw, a form, which in 
«ome verbs is employed by the Attics. Cf. Mt § 183. Obs. 3 ; S. 

§ 114. N. 1. TioQtvofitvov to cross over. /?^/fo*. aor. infin. of 

PqfX^. — ndXiv i/x^tr, had come back. Cf. S. § 209. N. 2. 

13. tamvdt, sc. olvov. For the construction of tvx^aO-ai — 

^lOK, cf. Mt. §401. 

14. xovqtt ffi7ii)oa&^(v, 1. e. the armyof Orontas and Artuchus. 
Cf. § 4. TW1' oniaO-tv refers to the Carduchians. 

15. dia^aCvti^v. The pres. infin. is here used, because the passage 
of the army is regarded in the aspect of a continual crossing over ol 
its parts, while the aorist infin. dta^fjvah (§ 12), is employed, because 
the mere act of passing tlie river is conceived, without reference to its 
continuance or repetition. Cf. Mt. § 601 ; Butt. § 137. 5 ; S. § 212. R. 

16. *E7itt .... €?/«>', when these things (i. e. the disposition of the 
troops and tlie baggage) were well arranged. 

17. avTiTTa^tTiEaav, marched along on the opposite shore in order to 
intercept the passage of the Greeks, il* they should attempt it higher 

up. nagijyyeXXe. Supply from the preceding clause dnodtifrctq 

Xafifidxiv Tot oTtXa. oii&Covq, Cf. N. on IV. 2. § 11. 

18. iatpayiaCovto tlq rov noTa/iov. Sacrifices were frequently ofier- 
cd to the divinities supposed to inhabit rivers. Sometimes the ani- 
mals were slain during the passage of the stream. Alexander is said 
to have saclficed in the middle of the Hellespont, a bull to Neptune 
and the Nereids. The Trojans offered bulls and horses to the Sca- 
mander. Cf. Horn. II. XXI. 130. , See also Herod. VII. 113, with 
Stocker's note. For the use o^tlq. cf. N. on tiq danCda, II. 2. § 9. 

20. inl .... oqri, to the ford opposite the way leading to the Arme- 
nian mountains. Cf. § 5, supra. roi'? .... Inmaq. These horse- 
men had gone up the river to oppose the passage of the Greeks (§ 17), 
but when they saw Xenophon hastening back to the principal ford of 
the river, supposing it was done with the intention of crc ssing over 
and cutting them off from the main army, which was sta'L^oned upon 
the eminences (§ 3), they returned with all speed, and thas enabled 
Chirisophus and his men to pass over without molestatiou. 

22. 4i'x*o8. Of. Til. 3. §30. ur iT^;;-<#M«^ai)aiiai4^2w^ 

322 NOTES. [Book IV 

Lyciu* and his party) viwt not be left yehind s= mast not give up 
tlie pursuit These encouraging shouts were oot lost upon Lycius 
and his company, us may be seen, § 25. 

23. frnnqrixnvoa(: o/^a? corresponds to nit^ouq xaO-rixovaaiq, § 11 

Toi'? o»'w, i. e. the infantry drawn up on the banks above the 

enemy's horse, § 3. 

24. rriv ra/latTjv. " Sine o^ov est celerrime?^ KrGg. 

25. Tot aviu = ta axQa, § 23. irnxf^Q'^oatq ini^^ai^ai, continuing 

the pursuit, 

26. dxfifiv Sii'^aivt, were stiU crofiHng. dxfiinp = agt^, fr*, eliani 

nunc. xar 4vw/iorCaq. Cf. III. A § 22. nag danCdaq .... 

fdlayyoq^ having extended each company to the left in the form of m 
phalanx^ i. e. in a line fronting the enemy without any space between 
the ranks. na{i danldaqj to the left, the shield being on the left arm. 
So inl (ioijv (§ 29 infra), to the right, the spear being in the right 
hand. xataari^aaa&ai, to stand, to station themselves. This intran- 
sitive use of the aor. mid. of Vatrj/it is rare, its sense being almost in- 
variably transitive. Cf. Butt. Irreg. Verbs, p. 135 ; Carmichael Gr. 
Verbs, p. 149. ^^ TtQbq rov norafiov. Cf N. on II. 2. § 4. 

28. SiapatvovTOK;, i. e. on the point of crossing over. ainol^ 

i. e. Xenophon and the rear guard. — — iravriovq .... di,apfjao/ifrovq<, 
they should descend into the river on each side opposite to them (i. e. 
Xenophon and his men), as if designing to cross over. ivavr(oi\ — 

ofwv. Cf Mt. §366. Obs. 2> S. § 186. N. 2. d^riyxvXiafifvovq, 

perf mid. Cf Mt § 493. d ; Butt § 136. 3. Sturz after Hesych. de- 
fines dtfiyxvkCa&ai, amentum hastce prehendere. imprfiXtifidvove 

(perf mid.), having their arrows on the string, i. c. being preparcu 
for action. 

29. danlq xpoq>f[, the shield should ring, with the stones, darts, etc., 
Ihrown against it by the enemy = should be within reach of theii 
missiles. Hutch, renders danlq fpo(pfj, " cum scuta pulsata (by the 
Greeks as a signal for the charge) sonareri," So Weiske, Zeune, 
and Sturz. But this interpretation does not so well accord witli 
cMpivdovfi ^fixv^Tat, and is rejected, by Bom., Pop., and Krflg. 

?0. toi'q Xoinovq. Schneid. supplies toi^; 67na^o<pvlaxaq from § 27. 

o)xorro .... vTzoivylwv, had gone away, some to take care of their 

beasts of burden, w/ovro has here the force of the pluperfect Cf N. 

on I. 4. § 8. ivrav&a Sfj is used, as though ^;r«* ifugw^, instead of 

9g<tivriq, had preceded. So Kriig. 

33. xat (ptvyovtfqf even when the Greeks were on the other side 

of the river, were seen still to flee, 

34. 01 S^ vnavxriaavTtqj i. e. the troops sent by Chirisophus. Cf 
§ 27, supra. rfqoqiinikgt,. cor x mqov, farther than toot proper. 

Chap. IV.] NOTES 323 


1. kt(ovq, gently rising, i. e. not steep or uneven. Krftg. following 
Moms Inteiprets, non asperos virguUis caU lapidibus, 

2. El(; Si ,, ,, ^r, inU the village into which they came was both 
large, xfafirjv here stands for xw^ij, and is attracted Vy, und put after, 
Its relative. Cf. N. on I. 2. § 1. t^ aarqanri (i. e. Orontas) de- 
pends on «?/f, S. § 196. N. 4. xvqatK;. Probably the houses were 

turreted as a defence against the Carduchians. 

3. tov TlyQfftoq Ttorafiov, Not the Tigris Proper, but the eastern 

branch called Arzen. TrjXefioar. Rennell makes this stream 

the Arsanias, an arm of the Euphrates. 

4. TOTtoq, region, ^Aqfitvla .... hn^gav. This was the w^st 

ern section of Armenia Major, separated from Armenia Minor by the 
Euphrates. ar^fiaUtv = av^plfialiv. Cf. Cyr. VII. 1. § 38. 

6. iff y. Cf. N. on IV. 2. § 19. avro? — aSmtiv, See b. 

§ 158. N. 2. (ifixt — T«. Cf N. on II. 2. § 8. 

9. Uqila, The Greeks called any animal they slaughtered for 
food Uqiiov^ because a part was always burnt on the altar. Cf. 

Hutch, ad Cyr. I. 4. § 17. ToJv d\ anoaxeSavw/i^vuv xip^q^ some oj 

those who had straggled away, 

10. In the common editions, a full stop is put after arQartv/iot, anc 
thus ndhv is made to commence the subsequent sentence. But aftei 
Holz., the best editors place the period after ndJuv, Adverbs c c 
often found at the close of a sentence, especially when emphatic. — — 
Siai&Qi.d}^nv, to clear up. Some interpret it, to encamp in the open 
air, sub dio agere. 

11. 0x^0$ — dv^atotaS-at. Cf. S. §221. N. 4. dhnP09 {bc. 

XQfifia) .... naga^gvdr}. The idea is, that the snow served as a warm 
covering to those, upon whom it lay undisturbed as it fell. 

12. ixttvov wpiXpfMvoq, sc. rrfv d^Cvtiv. Cf S. § 165. R. 

13. ^xqIovtoj '-ut artus frigore torpentes redderentur agiles 

Zeun. ^x Twy Ttixguvj ec. d/ivyddXwP. 'Ex Sh imp at^wf, sc. 


14. on to TigoTfgov dnijitaav refers to what is said, § 10 supra. 

Inoxriqald-gCaqyin th^open air. The Paris and Eton MSS. read 
'//TO dtaaO-aUaQf oh stidtam petulantiam. 

1 3. *Eifxtv&tv = ^x Tourot/, ihen^ after this, dvdgnq 66mq^ 

fiavhig given him men as attendants or followers. tk opra x. x. i 

literally, things being cs being, and things not being as not beiii^ «- 

324 NOTES. [Boon FV 

ihe truth exactly as it was. On the use of /iij and olx in this passage 
tee Butt. § 148. p. 418. Cf. Demosth. Olynth. II. 28. 

17. TtodaTtoq eli/, of what country he was. Cf. S. § 73. 1. - — 
inl xtvi atp'tdeyfiipovf for whai purpose it had been collected, 

18. XdXvfiaQ. If as Strabo asserts, the Chalybes of his time had 
changed their name to that of Chaldcei, these mercenaries of Teriba- 
zus are probably the same people, who are called Xeddaioi, IV. 3. 
§ 4. Cf. IV. 5. § 34, 7. § 15. Rennell says that the name Chalybians 
here appears to be a mistake, the Chaldseans being certainly intended. 
However this may be, these people are not to be confounded with 
those of the same name, mentioned, V. 5. § 1, who are represented as 

few in number and subject to the MosyncBci. Taoxovq. Cf. IV. 

7. § 1 5 V. 5. § 17. jyTTf^ ftovaxrj (Xri noQtictj the only direction in 

which the road lay. uq js to be constructed with int^tiaofiirop. 

Cf. N. on wq aTtoxrtPoiy,l. 1. §3. htav&a is added for the sake 

of perspicuity. 

19. Sopheenetus was leil in charge of the camp, probably, on ac- 
count of his age. Cf. V. 3. § 1. 

21. fiXmaav, were taken. Cf. N. oh 111. 4. § 8. For the lengthen- 
ing of the radical vowel, cf. S. § 117. 12. Xenophon writes ijAwyand 

IdXav. The latter is the Attic form. Cf. Butt § 114. p. 266. i\ 

antjyv. The tents of eastern princes and commanders were often 
fiUled with articles of luxury. Cf. Herod. IX. 80. 


1. T(k axtvd. Cf. § 18 of the preceding chapter, to ojr^of^ beton 
refers to tne same pass. 

2. Ewpijdrrjp. This was the eastern branch called Arsaniatr 
the modern name of which is Murad Chai. Rennell, however 
makes the Teleboas (Cf N. on IV. 4. § 3) answer to the Arsania»» 

PgtXOfitvoi TtQoq tov o/KpaXov. being under water tip to their mid 

die. Butt. (Lexil. p. 208) says that, pq4xia^^u is used of objects which 
are not merely wetted but quite in the water. 

3. TzaQaadyyaq TZfvrtxaCdextu A distance in the estimation of Ren 

ncU, too great for a march through deep snow, and hence he suspecu 

an error in the text The numeral may have crept in from the pre 

ceding section. h'avrCoq frcvti^ was blowing against them, i. e. in 

their face. dnoxaCm'. " duia idem fere vehementis frigoris est 

effcctus qui caloris, tropns hie, prsesertim apud poetas, non est rarufc. 

tit frigore perdita dicantur ambustaJ^ Weiske. 

Chap. V.] NOTES. 325 

4. rraai ^»f . . . . nptvftatoq, to aU now the fury of the winds seemed 
evidently to abate. 

5. ov . . . . oyfCt^ovroiq, woidd not permit those coming late to ap- 
proach the fire. Cf. S. § 213. 5. N. 2. • /itt€tdtd6igv — nvonr<;. 

Cf. Mt. § 326. Obs. This verb is more commonly followed by the 
gen. of the thing imparted. Cf S. § 196. N. 3. See also (xHididoaav 
aXXfiXotq wf (i. e. ixf£f<a> a), § 6 infra. 

6. "Ev&a ^>, wherever. Itart^ as far as. o5 ^i/ naoriv fit- 

rgtiv, where indeed they could measure, ov refers to the place, where 
the snow had been melted by the fire. 

7. ifiovhfiCaaav, fainted through excessive hunger. ^Fisch. re- 
marks of the fiovXt/ikt, that, " it afflicts the patient with an insatiable 
appetite, so that he is debilitated, loses his color, faints, and experi- 
ences a coldness at the extremities." 

8. dUTttfiTti dtSovtaq. Cf. S. § 222. N. 3. 

9. oi^cpl xvttpaq, about dusk. ix t% xdftriq — yvraixaq, women 

belonging to the village. ngoq^fj x^ifv//, at the fountain. 

10. ITtQatatl, like a Persian = in the Persian tongue. S. § 119. 
4 oaop nagaadyyTiVy as much as a parasang. 

12. o? tt Sif(p&aQiit^voi — rovq ocp&aX^ovq = ixtlvoi olq (i. e. f 
S. §197. N. 4) oi ofO-aXftol f^iftp&aofifvoi ^aav. Cf. Mt. §424.3- 

rovq ocp&aXuovq is a synecdochial accusative. S. § 167. rovq 

. . . anoafarjTTorfq, whose toes were rotted off", rovq daxrvXovq, S« 
§ 167. The 2 perf. o^ anoarinbi is used intransitively as a present. Cf. 
S. § 205. N. 2. 

13. intxovQfif.ia rrjq /torn?, protection against the snow. Cf. Mt. 

§ 354. y. Twi' S> TtoSoit^ sc. iTtixovgrjitia. Notice the change of 

construction, in rolq 6q)&a).f4oXq — riav Ttodwt. ti rijv vvxra vttoXv* 

otTo, if he took q^diterally unloosed) his shoes at night. Cf. vnodf' 
dffif'vot (infra), with their shoes on, literally bound on. 

14. ot Iftavrtq, the thongs by which the shoes were fastened to the 

15. dvdyxaq, difficultieSj troubles. itxa^ov reri/x/rat, they con- 
jectured that it had melted away. The 2 perf of tijxo) has the intransi- 
tive sense, Ijnelt away^Ihave melted ; 2 pluperf I had melted. S. 

$ 2n5. N. 2. rfrf[x(i. So Dind. and Pop. read for the vulgar 

dtftrixn. Of Mt. § 165. Obs. 2; S. § 77. N. 1. ?[¥ drftl^ovaa, ^ 

'ijrfiLl^fv, icas eivhaling vapors. 

IC. itdari rt'/vfi xal firjxavfj^ by every art and contrivance = in 

every way. rsXgvtuiv^ at last. Cf. Mt. § 557. p. 969. ivvaaS-at, 

sc. fcpatynvj suggested by the preceding context. 

17 rolq xd/ivovai, those who were tired out. They are called ol 
iia&tvovtxtt in § 19, their excessive labor and privationi renderia^ 


*26 NOTES. [Book IT 

them as helplefls^ as though they were sick, afttpl Lv (i. e. ixffnaf 

a) dtatptffofifrot, quarrelling abmU the booty (Cf. § 12, supra) in their 

18. ate vytalvovteq, inasmuch OS they wet dwell, i. e. not exhausted 
by tlie sulFerings, ai liich they had undergone from cold and fatigue. 

0001' fi6iivat'to fityiatov, as loud a^ possible. ^xap (aor. ol 

Vriftt) faiToi^;, threw themselves, is finely descriptive of their precipitate 
flight over the banks of snow into the valley. 

19. iyxfxalvfj^erotq, wrapped up in their garments. Some incor- 
rectly translate, covered up with snow. dvCaraaap avrovq, they en- 

deavored to make them rise up, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 1. 

21. ^{toq fifii^ay, towards day. Mt. § 491. «. 

22. nifinn — axtxpofifvovq. S. § 222. 5. For the construction ot 
ntfiTiei, TcSv, cf. S. § 178. 1. xofiC^np. S. § 219. 2. 

23. oi di aXXoi, sc. atQarriyot. diaXaxoPttq^ having divided by 

lot. " More pervagato." KrCig. 

24. TIoXvKQatfiq. This Athenian captain seems to have been a 

zealous and active iriend of Xenophon. dXrixih 3 pers. sing. plup. 

of Xayxdfw. — inxaxaC6txa. This number is evidentiy too small, 
since we are told, § 35, that Xenophon gave a young horse to each ol 

the generals and captains. iwdttiv ii/it^ap yiya^fififvfjp, having 

been married nine days. Cf. S. § 168. N. 1. yafUlr is said of the 

man contracting marriage, yafina&ai, of the woman. vx^'to 

^gdowv. Cf. S. § 222. N. 2. 

25. xatdynot, subterranean. atofta, sc. fx^vaai. Cf. Mt § 427. 

b. inl xXCiiaxoq^ by a ladder. Perkins (Residence in Persia, p. 117) 

says that, ^' the villages now in this region are just like those described 
by Xenophon. They are constructed mostly under ground, i. e. the 
houses are partially sunk below the surface, and the earth is also 
raised around them, so as to completely imbed three sides, the fourth 
rem/%ining open to afford a place for the door." A fine testimony to 
the fidelity of Xenophon's narrative. 

26. ivtjaap .... iaoxetXtlqt and the barley itself was also in the va- 
ses even to the brim. Hence the contrivance for drinking by means o. 
reeds, the wine being sucked up from the bottom part of the jar, from 

which the barley had risen to the surface. yovaxa. These joints 

would have closed up the tube, and rendered the reed useless for the 
purpose here designated. 

27. axQOToq -^f, sc. o o7voq. avfifia&ovxh to one ojccustomcd to 

Its use. 

28. dvTBftTtXfiaavTtqf having in return fUed. For the construction 
of Ta>> i7titTi$€((av, cf. S. § 181. 2. 

P9, qnXoipgovov^voq , ss as an instance of his good wilL — olrov 

Chaf, VI.] WOTES. 327 

*• haud dubio n^t&ivov.^^ Krug. Others think witli good reason, that 

wine of the grape is meant. o^yov .... xaioowQvyfiivoq. Cf. N. on 

I. 8. § 21 (end). — - iv q)vXaxfj, under guard. So in the next clause h 
6(p9-aXfiolq, under their eye = having an eye upon them. 

30. rovq refers to the Greeks, who were quartered in the villages. 
avrolq, i. e. Xencphon and his companions. 

31. ovx .... tgaTttl^av, there was no pla^e, where they did not put 
upon the same tabh. The two negatives in this sentence constitute 
an emphatic affirmative. Cf. S. § 225. N. 

32. ifiXoqiqovovfMvoq^ in token of friendship, cfAxci', he drew him, 

i. e. he used a kind of friendly compulsion, such as is employed with 
those, who, when solicited to drink, manifest a reluctance to do so. 
— Qo<povpra — &a7ttQ ftovp, sucking it in like an ox. This was 
done by means of the reed (Cf. § 27), although some think that when 
they pledged one another, they applied their mouth to the liquor, as 
Che ox does to water, instead of sucking it up through the tubes of 

33. Tov IriQov xf'Xov, They were unable to procure flowers and 
green plants, at this season of the year, and therefore used hay as a 
substitute. ivtoiq, deaf-mutes, 

34. TZfgalZoproq, »peaMng the Persian language, 

35. ov tiXri<pii refers to what is detailed. III. 3. § 19. naXatrf- 

gov. For this form of the comparative, cf. Butt § 65. N. 4. Krilg. 

and Pop. follow the common reading TtaXaiortgov, ava&qi%ifam$ 

Karn&vaai, to sacrifice (S. § 219. 2) after having recruited him, 

Uqop thai xov 'HXlov, Zeune remarks on Cjrr. VIII. 3. § 12, that 
horses were most frequently offered in sacrifice to the Sun. 


1. rop f*^p fiyt/i6if(tj the guide, aon fjfidaxovroqf now approach^ 
ing the age of puberty. -^yifiyotTo, sc. 6 xot/idoxtiq, 

2, avrw ix^XtTtdvS^ (slot, pass. S. § 206. N. 2), became angry with 

6, *Kx 9\ roitov, on account of this. The common reading is dnh 

♦> rovtov, oLTtoSgaq wxfto, he ran away. Cf. S. § 222. N. 2. 

Tovro refers to -^ tov . . . . dfihXtia, See Mt § 472. 2. c. fiqdo&fi 

tt xov TzatSoq, fell in love with the boy. The verb iqata takes its tenses 
solely from the passive form. Cf. Butt § 114. p. 280. For the con- 
struction of Tof' natdhq, cf. S. § 182. 

4. am nirrt nagaodyyaq rrjq fffi^gaq, at the rate of five pckntr 
Bangs a day. S § 172 cot 0aa$9. Cf. N. on I. 4. § 19. This 

328 NOTES. [Book H 

river ifl now called Arras, and from ihe rapidity of its current, wel: 
deserves the epithet " pontem indignatus," applied to it, Virg. ^^n. 
VIII. 728. 

6. inavaaro Tto^evofievoq. Cf. § 222. 3. xaroe xf(ja^ = inl xf 

^^; in a line, longo agmine. inl yaAayyo?. Cf. N. on IV 3. § 26. 

10. atafiara avd^dv, a circumlocution for avSgctq, or ar^artwroc^. 

11. To fiikv .... arddia, this mountain, which is in sight, is more 

than sixty stadia in length. Hutch, supplies ixxsivo/iivov. aJS 

^ follows a negative in the sense of unless, except. CS. Vig. p. 177. 
■ TtoXif ovv xQiirxop — ftdXlop, This apparently pleonastic use of 
fidXXov is not uncommon, as maybe seen in the numerous citations of 
passages where it occurs, made by Mt. (468). Krug. explains it, e 
duplies dicendi forma, xgelrvov xXf\pai> t* ■§ fiix^^^^h ^'^^ ayad-of 
xXfipa^ ti fidXXov tj fidxfo&ai, rov igrifiov ogovq — rt, some unguard- 
ed part of the mountain, igrj/iov, deserted, belongs ad sensum to r*. For 
the construction of ooov?, cf. S. § 177. xX^tpai, to secretly get pos- 
session of. . a(J7i daou (pd-daavrtq, to anticipate the enemy in 

seizing it, 

12. oQ^ior, sc. /dD^^o)'. S. § 167. ^p&tp xal JtvO-iv, on this side 

and thai, on both sides, ra tiqo noHdv, what is before him>, liter- 
ally, the things before the feet, rgaxfia, sc. odoq, a rough way. 

^-^ fvfifvtartga is used tropically in the sense o^ smoother, more even. 

13. dntXO-tlv Toffofrof, to go away so far from this place. So Krfig. 
But Weiske, cited approvingly by Schneid., Born., and Pop., under- 
stands fi^goq argatiVfiaroq with roaoxxov, preferring, however, the 
reading Toaovrov?. dv in It dv fioi, belongs to XQV^^^h ^uid is re- 
peated after igtifiot/gw, in consequence of the interjected clause, rcii''- 

rji . .. . TtgoqpdXXiiv. igtifiordgo) .... XQ^^'^^h ^hat we should find 

the other part of the mountain more deserted. (i4v(n%p. Repeat 

mv from the preceding clause. 

14. *Atdg .... ov^pdXXofiait but why do I discourse about theft '/ 

bfiot(av, equals, peets. The ofioioi constituted the first class o. 

citizens in Sparta, and were opposed to the vnofttCovfq, inferiors, who 
from birth, degeneracy of manners, or other causes, had undergone 
some kind of civil degradation. Cf. Smith's Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 237. 

15. xal Ttfigda&f XavO^drttf, and practise concealment, tov 

ogovq. Cf. S. § 178. 1. TtoXXoiq TtXtiydq. As the Spartan youth 

were whipped if caught in the act of stealing, so Xenophon pleasant- 
ly warns Chirisophus of the consequences, of being detected by the 
enemy in seizmg upor the mountain. 

16. dfivoix; — xXfjtTttv roe drj/ioffia, skilful in peculating the public 
money . xal .... xXtntovti, although the peculator incurs great dan 

ger. Tov^ xQ<i5<ofov«. Chirisophus humorously repays Xeoo 

Chaf. VII.] NOTEa 329 

phon for the oao& iark x&v hf^olwv of § 1* For the constmction of 

ifiivy cf. S. § 200. 1. 

17. xXdiTtogv, This epithet was given to them by Xenophon, be- 
cause they followed the Greeks for the sake of plunder (IV. 5. § 12), 

18. i¥ rw o^olio, i. e. in a place as elevated as the one they occupy. 

tlq TO Xaov, i. e. into the plain, where they will contend with us 

on equal footing. 

19. 'AXXoj rather, i&eXovaioi^ voluntardy. Butt § 123. N. 3. 

22. ^x^fitvov TO oQoqy (hat the mountain (L e. the part of the moun- 
tain to which the detachment was sent) iro* taken possession of. 

iYQflfoQtaav^ were watching (S. § 209. N. 4). On the authority of 
Porson, this reading has been substituted by all the more recent ed- 
itors, for iygfjroQ'iiootv, found in the MSS. Cf Butt. Irreg. Verbs, p. 75. 

23. oi Si, i. e. Aristonymus and his party. Construct xoraAa- 

fiovtfq with to oQoqt and iTtrjgaap with xara xa anga, referring to the 
heights occupied by the enemy. 

24. b/iov = iyyvq. xara ra axga here refers to the eminence 

occupied by Aristonymus and his associates, and which they were 
leaving (§ 23) to attack the barbarians upon the eminence, which 
overlooked the main road. Probably these parties met in conflict 

about midway between the two eminences. tovq noXXovqj i. e. 

the main bodies of the Greeks and Barbarians. 

25. oi ix rov mdlov, those in the plain,- Cf N. on I. 2. § 18. 

06t6fiv Ta/v, with quick step, gradu pleiio, 

26. oi inl rfi odw, i. e. the main body. to avn (sc. ftf'goq) re- 
fers to fi^Qoq ^ avt<oP, §24. oif noXXoh The MSS. read, with 

two or three exceptions, ol noXXol, But aside from the nature of 
the contest, which renders it improbable that many were slam, the 
emendation ov noXXol is justified by the adversative clause, ^'f^^a d^ 
nafunoXXa iXtitp&ti, which follows. 


1. t^xor avaxexo/iiaf*fvoi =s apaxixofiiafi^poi ^aav with the middle 
signification. Mt. § 493. 

2. Ttgoq .... i/xwi^ as soon as he came, attacked it, ^ ngtitfi 

that were led to the attack. aXXa norafioq. The common 

reading is ctTrdra^o^, which on the authority of Leun., has been 
changed by Zeune and some others to a/totaftov, referring to /oj^/or. 
But why should it be said of such a place, ov yag ^v a&gootq nsgf 
wttj^ou 1 

3. Eiq xaXo9, oppyrtunely. /w^/bv aigtrtov, S. \\^. ^» V» 


330 NOTE& [Book Pf 

4. o^tm Stn^C&ttcu, it thus served. *'AfAa It t^nU, cmd at th* 

tame time he showed, 

5. &XXo .... TtaQidvai ; is there any thing which can hinder our 
approach? oiLlo ti ^, literally, what else is there than = is it not 
true. Cf. N. on II. 6. § 10. 

6. paXXo/iivovq, ea:posed to danger from the stones. a» &* ip, 

behind which. 

7. j4ifTo Hr »- TO S^v iXfi, this would be Vie very thing we want 

*AXXa, now then. — — tvO-tv, See N. on II. 3. § 6 (end). /*»- 

mgor n, i. e. ro Xomov rifiCnXt4lk'(^ov, § 6. 

8. xa&-* tva^ one by one. — l^HtMtoq q)vX€Lrr6fUPoq. Cf. N. on 1. 
8. § 27. 

10. fitixavAral t», made use of a kind of stratagem,. — Up ^, 
under which = behind which. ivrntiaqy easily. 

11. tov KaXXtuaxov a inoUh as xctvta a 6 KaXXlfiaxof; inoln. 

notQad()dfio& refers to Agasias. x^Q^^ J^s 6 'Ayaalotq for its subject 

to which avtoq refers. Cf. S. § 144. N. 1. 

12. Ttdvreq yag ovroi x. r. X, CaUimachus, Agasias, and Ariston- 
ymus are spoken of as rivals, IV. 1. § 27 ; and are probably those to 

whom allusion is made, V. 2. § 11. iglZovrtq with one another. 

— — 'Slq yoQ aTia^jfor when once = as soon as. 

13. wq QC\ffovra kavtov, in order to cast himself down, sc. the preci- 

14. *0 <J*, i. e. the barbarian. ndw oXlyoi^ very few. 

15. Ovrot ^aa¥ x. t. X. The order and construction is ovxoi ^aav 

aXHifiwratoi w (L e. toiJtwi' otiq) diijX&op. tiq /«I^ot$, to close quar 

ters. — - ^dgaxaq X^povq. The linen cuirass was commonly used by 
the Asiatics (Cf. Cyr. VI. 4. § 2 ; Plut Alex.), a defence, much infe- 
rior to the cuirass of metal worn by the Greeks and Romans. 

nttgvywp. " Sunt loricce partes extremce.^^ Ejilg. iargafifupat, 


16. ap — iTToQtvoPtOj would march about. Cf. N. on aPj I. 3. § 19. 

oTtots .... ¥fiMop, whenever they thought the enemy would see 

*hem. fiCap XoYxn^. The GreciEui spear often had at the lower 

^nd a pointed cap of bronze, which being forced into the groupd, the 
weapon was made to stand erect Cf. Virg. XII. 130. 

18. ^'Agnaaop. The northern branch of the Arras, now called Ar 
pa Chai. 

19. rvfipCaq is considered by Rennell to be the same with the 
Comasour or Coumbas, a large village situated on the northern baoK 
of the Arras, about 35 miles below its source. 

22. ^ij^aaPy 1 aor. pass of oXofia** T^(§€t — dcufi^wp ,9oair. 

Cha». VIII,] NOTEfl 331 

Cf. ri^Q^ AcvxcSv podip dwtia, V. 4. § 12 ; anJ more fully nagfiih$vm 
ntnoirifitvai ix rtHv vfoddgrtov fiowv^ IV. 5. § 14. 

23. oi ad ijttovtsq, those for the time being coming up = as fast 

as they came up. iirl rot ^ a*e powpta(:, to those who continued 

shoviing. xa* noXXw .... iyCyvovro, and the shouting was greater 

as the numbers increased. /ull^op n, something greater than oi 

ordinary occurrence. 

24. KoU, and so. Bdka^ta, This was the Pontus Euxinus, 

now called the Black Sea. Perkins (Resid. in Persia, p. 100) says 
that he was unable to obtain a view of the Euxine, on any summit he 
crossed within ten or twelve miles from the village of Tekeh, near 

which it is supposed the Greeks crossed the Teches. naQfyyvSv^ 

xtav to those in the rear, that they should hasten on. 

25. TtsgitpaXXov aXXfjXov<:, they embraced one another. orov 

dfi Ttaoiyyvrfaaifroq, some one or other suggesting it. Cf. Butt. § 149. 
p. 432. 

26. xartrf/ive tot Yf$g<h in order to prevent their being aflerwardB 
of service to ihe enemy. 

27. OTTO xoivov^ from the comTnon stock. 


2. 6 ogd^wp, sc. Ttorafioq* See the preceding section. — ^ St ov 

Tcfers to aXXov 7roraf*ov. /*hv ov — S^. Mt. (§ 608. p. 1078) says, 

that fiiv ov is often found at the end of a proposition followed by 

another with Ss. fxontop. They cut down these trees in order 

to make temporary bridges. See § 8, infra. 

3. tQtxtvoifqj m^ide of hair. XtO-o^tq .... igqCnrovv. By stand- 

.ng on these stones thrown into the stream, they hoped to be able to 
reach the Greeks with their missiles. 

5. avxititdxotrai. An Ionic ending for the 3 pers. plur. perf., 
sometimes adopted by Attic writers. Cf. Butt § 103. IV. 3; Mt. § 204. 
Obs. 1 ; S. § 91. N. 2. 

6. "Ort xai v/ifXq x. r. X. The xal after on gives this turn to the 
sentence : because you also wish to be our enemies by coming thus 
against our country. 

9. Tiara (pdXayya. Cf. N. on IV. 6. ^ 6. 

10. Ao/oi'€ 6o&tov<:. See N. on IV. 2. § 11. — ^ tfj ftir — ttj dt. 
m one place — in another. 

11. iTtl ttoXXoik;, with many infUe, i. e. with depth of column. So 
inl oXfytvr signifiPfi, with few infilty L e. with an extended U!CLelA:«vs:^<^ 

532 NOTES [Book IT 

little depth. Cf. N. on I. 2. § 15. Notice tlie interchange of* cases if 
ixi 7toXXov<: and inl oXiytav, Cf. Mt § 584. S- (second paragraph) 
■■ niQixxtvaovair ti/twff will surpass us in extei:t of line. — — tou 

Ttt^fttiolq^ i. e. the parts of the line outreaching the Greeks. > ti di 

ttfi, but if in some part. 

12. ogO-Covq .... xtgdtfov, that having drawn up ovr columns in 
separate companies^ we should occupy with these columns so much 
space, that the extreme companies may be beyond the wings of the en- 
emy. duiXiTtovxaq belongs to og&tovq rovq Xoxovq. Construe roiq Xi- 
Xoiq with xataaxtiV' S. § 198. oaov — yerta&ai,. See N. on IV 

1. § 5. ot Jfaxotto* Xoxoi is in apposition with fifitlqj the omitted 

■ubject onao/it&a. Cf. N. on III. 1. § 46. 

13. TO dtaXilnov, the interval between the companies. 

14. oltoC, here, S. § 149. N. 1. to fiti tiSij t7vcu. The com- 
mon reading is rov firi rjdri (2vcu, Both readings are admissible. Cf. 

Mt § 543. Obs. 3. ^vO-a, i. e. Greece. ■ «$iovq dtl xaroupaytif 

«B we ought wholly to destroy. Cf. Horn. IL IV. 35, vftop fiefi^&oiq 
IJgtafiop Jlgidfioto te naideq. 

18. xotTa TO ^jigxaSixov, in the Arcadian division. It appears by 
this, that the Arcadians occupied the centre, while Chirisophus and 
Xenophon with their respective divisions, were upon the right and 
left wing. 

19. r^glavxo 'O-tiv, sc. ol mXtaataL — — aXXoq aXXtj, See N. on 
&XXot aXXo&^iv, I. 9. § 13. 

20. ovdiv .... i&av/*aaaif = there was nothing new or strange. 
■ Twy xijgCwP .... atgarKDtwp, as many of the soldiers as ate of the 
honey-combs (S. § 178). Perkins (Residence in Persia, p. 97) says, 
that " one of the most common bushes of the undergrowth, is that from 
whose flowers this honey is extracted. It is a bush resembling what 

is called in America, honey-suckW^ oi fi^v oXfyov iSijdoxoTtq, those 

who had eaten little, ia&lta has from U(o, the 2 perf with reduplica 
tion iSfidoxa. " From ?dw came regularly ^xa ; the reduplication Wi^ 
K« would not have been a true one ; the second 6 therefore, which 
otherwise must have been lost before the termination, was separated 
from the x by the o ; and as xa is a pure termination, this was follow- 
ing the true analogy." Butt. Lexil. No. 21. p. 140. atpoSga fw 

&vavoiv iwxtaav (S. § 209. N. 4), were like men very drunk. ot dk 

noXv, Supply idtjdoxotfq io,xtaav from the preceding proposition. 

21. wqntg xgonriq ytytvrifiiifriqy as if there had been a defeat. Cf. 
S. § 192. N. 2. — dfiq>l .... dvttpgovow, almost the same hour, m 
which they had been seized the previous day, they recovered their 
senses. dfi(pl — nov, somewhere about = nearly. 

22. Tgantiovfxa^ TVapexiw, now called Trebizond, situated ahmi 

Chap. VIII.] \0TE8 333 

600 miles from Constantinople, on the great highway between Eu- 
rope and Central Asia. tow? t«» KoXx^p nwfuuq is epexegetical 

24. SvvHiinqdttovto .... KoXx^^^ they negotiated wUh the Greeks 
in behalf also of the neighboring CoUMans. 

25. Ixavol^ suffidenJt in number. ntu^ txt wv, while a boy, 

oxA>y, unintentionally, ijtifitXfiO^ijpai depends upon lUovto, 

26. oTtov .... eXrj, to the place where he had prepared the course, 

iv axXfiQ^ xal dotad ovta). The wrestlers ususdly contended on 

ground, that was soft or covered with sand. 

27. atddiov. The foot-race course at Olympia was just a stadium. 
Hence the word is used to designate not only a measure of length, 
but a race-ground^ foot-^ace^ &c. SoXix^v, The i6Uxo<; is dif- 
ferently stated et 6, 7, 8, 12, 20, and 24 stadia. Cf. Smith's Diet. 

Gr. and Rom. ^ntiq. p. 894. Ict^iu, sc. ^ymvCKiovto. ntmif^amit 

mt entered the jrts. 

334 70TE8 Boos y 



1. o«»Tij(>ia, thanksgiving sacrifices, 

2. amC^tfixa fjdtiy I have already become tired. The causes of hii 
fatigue are denoted in the participles which follow. The xa», whidi 
accompanies each of these participles, gives emphasis to the enumer- 
ation. 7tavaafnvo% — noviav. Cf S. §§ 180. 2 : 207. 1. ittxa- 

&tlq (1 aor. pass, part of ^xr^^vw), stretched out = lying at ease. 

&^iQ 'OSvaafvq, Cf Odyss. XIII. 116. 

4. Tt^fixpfiri fit to Anaxibius. He was then at Byzantium. See 
VII. 1. § 3. 

5. inl Ttloioi^ for ships, Mt. § 586. c. xatQoq — noitlv. S. 

5 221. N. 4. iv rfj fiov^, during our stay = while we remain here. 

otov wpfiaofii&a, Cf. N. on III. 1. § 20. 

7. 7tqovofiou<i^^^ regular foraging parties?^ Belf S,XXta<;^ heed- 
lessly. So Hesych. defines ofAAwg • fia^aCtoq, &q Itvxfv* — rjfiaqj i. e. 
the generals. 

8. "En roCwv, now still further. Having gained their assent to his 

first proposition, he goes on tc offer an additional item of advice. 

ya^, doubtless, '^/***' • • • • f^i'^foit^ = fxttvop o? fiMei' i^itrai tinn^ 

fifiiv. dh xal oTioif and also whither he is about to go. i<p 

ovq = roxitfav ^9 ovq, The plureJ form ofXiaaiv is referable to the 

collective idea of t/?. 

9. 'Evpoflrs ii xal rSSe, consider this also, ra ixtlpwv^ their 

effects, ixeCrwv refers to the Colchians whose forces had been routed 
on the mountains, and whose well-stocked villages the Greeks had 

plundered. Cf IV. 8. § 19, et seq. xata fi^goq, by turns. 

^^$y, literally, to hunt, to capture, as a hunter his game. But as 
game is (»flen taken by snares, toils, &c., this verb often s. gnifies to 
take, or overcome by stratagem, 

10. &v, i. e. ixtCvav a, avto&tv = from the people in this re- 

gfon- h aq>&opo»TtQoiq, sc. TiXoloiq, in a greaier number of ships, 

IL ftaxQa nloict, ships of war, literally, long ships, in distinctioo 

Chap. II.] NOTES. 33b 

^'roin the round merchant ships (atgoyyida TtXoia), which were better 

adapted to carrying freight than to quick sailing. xa^dyoifttv^ we 

fhould bring into port. ra ntiidXia 7iaga)Af6fievoi, taking away 

the rudders. The niiddXiov was like an oar with a broad blade, and 
uistead of being attached directly to the stern, was placed on one 
•ide of it Each ship had commonly two rudders, which> if the ves- 
fel was small, were held by the same steersman. 

12. vavXov avv^ta&ai^ to agree with them for the freight. In thw 
roposal, we see the same regard for the demands of justice, which 
chai-acterized the whole conduct of Xenophon. 

- 3. TO? o6o\><; — oSonoiiXpj to repair the roads. iyttCXaa&ai is 

the subject of doxtl, dia .... dnaXXayrivcu^ through a desire to oe 

rid of us, S. §§ 180. 2: 206. 3. 

14. dvfxgayov, they cried out, ixotaaq, voluntarily, onaX- 

Xci^oPtai = future passive. S. § 207. N. 6. 

15. TtfQiotxov. For a full and satisfactory account of the position 
in the Spartan state, occupied by the jrtgCotxoi, PerioBci^ see Smith's 

Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 739. Olxoq w/*to, so far from 

collecting (literally, neglecting to collect) ships, he went away, — no- 
XvnQayfiovZf ri = intermeddling with a certain affair in which he had 
no concern. 

16. TO?? di,,,. Ttagayaty^p, they used (i. e. had in readiness for 
using) the ships for transporting the army homeward. 


1. wart dnavd-fifitqC^nvt so as to return the same day, AglXaq, 

Danville says that this region is now called Keldir. a%t ixn§' 

nttaxoTfi, inasmuch as they had been driven out of, 

2. avt 6iq refers to the people occupying the region saggestea to 
the mind of the reader by onoO-tv, 

3. hnoia .... ifiTtiTiQavxtq, the Drilians setting fire to such places 
as they thought pregnable. i/^Tnngdvrtq, pres. act. part of ifini* 
Ttgtifii,. For the omission of ^ in TttfiTt^Tjfii, when in composition 
another /i stands before the first syllable of the verb, see S. § 118, 
sub voce TtffiTzXfjfii. 

5. dvafiffiXfjfi^vfi. The verb dpafidXXta signifies to throw up^ as 
earth from a ditch. Hence the phrase to throw up a ditch ;= to dig a 
ditch or trench, Cf. Thucyd. IV. 90. § 2. dpapoX^q. mound^ lit- 
erally, a throwing up, as earth, stones, &c. Upon this bank or 
mound, formed from the earth thrown out of the ditch, sharp stake* 
were driven and other defences erected. ol 6h^ i. e. the enemy 

336 NOTES. [Book V 

6. ^9 ho<:. The place of descent to the ravine was so narrow 

that the soldiers were obliged to pass along one by one. oq a 

Tro; in order that^ that, S. § 154. 

8. wq x^ii^ovf wUh the hope of taking the place. On ««, of. 

N. 1. 1. § 10. 

9. anaYti^v. Repeat lovq Stafif^rixotctq. anoMtiyfUvo^ ^aap 

ma perf. mid. Mt. § 493. — HaXov, fortunate^ successful. 

11. diq .... aywvttla&ai. Opportunity was thus given for the 
iaruig deeds, which the rivalry of these captains (Uf. IV. 1. § 27 : 7 
§ 9) would prompt them to perform, on such an occasion as this. 

12. 6ifiyxvi(afiirovq. Cf. N. on IV. 3. § 28. — mq — axot'tftfif 

ii^aov, since it mil be necessary to throw the javelins. rovtmf 

inifiiXri9-riva&, = to see that these orders were obeyed. oi a^tovp 

€tq .... ihcu. those who thought themselves not inferior to these (i. e. 

their leaders). /ifivotidiiq, curved like the moon^ crescent-shaped* 

80 that the wings faced each other. 

14. ^oraf 6^ oi, there were some who. S. § 150. 5. 

15. aXXoq aXXov dk%f, one drew up another. drapeptjxn with- 
out assistance. ffXiuxti. S. § 205. N. 2. mq i^oxei, as they 


17. Oif . . . . ytvoftivovj not a long time intervening = in a short 

time. ol fji^v .... rtrgm/i^poq, some having the booty which they 

took^ and some (not many) being even wounded perhaps (Ta/»)« tk 
here = ri.vtq. 

18. v^xwat .... w&ovftivoi, those within (i. e. ol TrtXrctarai xati 
oi tff^Xoly § 16), being pushed by those rushing in from without, 
drove back (vix&ai) the enemy who were sallying forth. Dind. 
reads oi dqw&ov/MPoi. This would make rohq ixntntoPTctq refer to 
the Greeks who were retreating from the fort. 

19. iUxofiCaavto, sc. avxd. Mt § 428. 2 ; Butt § 131. 5. in\ 

riip ax^ay (pigovaar, leading (a tropical use of (pt^gu) to the citadel. 

20. oUp t iXfi. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 17. ovxw, (i. e. if they took 

the citadel) is opposed to aXXiaq. — - navrdnaaip dvdXanop, in cUl reS' 
pects impregnable. 

21. atpoiop, retreat. rovq fi^p aravgovq, x. t. X. They took 

away the stakes, each in front of himself (xa&* avtovq), in order tc 

facilitate the egress of the army. rovq dxgtfovq, the disat>led ior 

fighting. These with the greater part of the onXitcu were sent for- 
ward, while a few of the bravest remained behind to cover the re- 

22. inl raq olxCctq. The flat roofs of eastern houses fumislied 


fipreat facilities for doing injury to an enemy in the streets below. 

Cmap. m.] NOTES, 33^r- _ _ 

23. ffofiiqa. An epithet, which might well be applied to a ni£^ht 
spent by the Greeks in such a place. 

24. oTov dn. Cf. N. on IV. 7. § 25. ^y dt^i^ = ^ttI defwi. Of. 

VI. 4. § 1. See also Butt. Lexil. No. 49. 

25. T^? tvxn<;* casu quodam, is here opposed to nQopoiot^foretJumght^ 
previous calculation. 

26. arofia, the front. ^fw — rwv pfXoiv, out of reach of the 

enemy's weapons. a/icpl tavta ?;f ottf, might be employed about 

these things, i. e. the fires which were consuming their dwellings. 

28. nQavrjq yaQ ^v xotJ orTefi/. A hill overhangs Trebizond called 
Bas Tepeh, i. e. Azure HiU. yjtvdgvtigap, a false ambuscade. 

29. TtQoqtnoiV'to .... Xav&dvtiv, pretended to be trying to escape 
the notice of the enemy, xovq noXs/itovq depends on Xav&dvtip. S, 
§ 163. 2. 

30. wq MSgav ovaav, as though it were a real ambuscade. Cf. N. 

on I. 1. § 2. v7tglriXv9-(vai, SC. tovq*'EXXfivaq. 

31. aXlaxia O-cti, yotQ ttpaaav rw Sgofiw. Portus wiih the approbation 
of Schneid. and Poppo, gives to f(paaav the sense of av wovto. But the 
context shows, that the idea of speaking, relating, is to be retained in 
the verb. Krug. explains it : }lq>aaav (on their return to the camp) : 
flXianofuO-a {av) rw dgofitp, the protasis U firi i^tTtiaofuv Ih tijq o^ov 
being omitted. Cf. S. § 213. N. 3. 

32. iitl TtoSa, backwards. A military expression. 


1. elq /ihr ret /rAoIa is opposed to ot ^i aXXoi iTtogevoPto, sc. nrf(ij. 
The arrangement is slightly confused. 

2. Ktgaaovpta. Kerason, as the ancient Cerasus is now called, 
lies S. W. of Trebizond. JSivtanitap anoixor, a Sinopian colony. 

3. iv rolq oTiXotq, sc. ndvrwp (fully written, Cyr. II. 4. § I), of all 

inarms. t1 rtq "is used," says Mt. (§617. 1./), " elliptically 

without a verb for the simple ttq &c., only with an expression of 

4. SiaXafifidvovai> .... ytvofitvoVf they divided the money raised 

from the sale of captives. SUXapov .... &t6iq, and the generals 

took each a part, to keep for the gods (i e. Apollo and Diana), tpv 
XtittHP depends upon dUXapor. S. § 219. 2. 

5. dpd&^fi/ia, a votive offering. Persons frequently testified theii 
gratitude to the gods for some deliverance, by anath^emata, consisting 
d* shields, chaplets, golden chains, candlesticks, dbc. — ^ifvav^vrf 

338 NOTE& [Book T 

depository. The -e-naavqol at ihe temple Delphi contained the vre- 

Bents or dedicatums of the nation or tribe, expreeeed by the adnomi- 
nal genitive. See Herod, pcu^m. 

6. il d« r» Ttdd-oi = if fie should die* By a similar euphemism we 
say, * if any thing should befall me ;' • if I should never return.' 

7. ^(fVY^p* Laertius says that Xenophon was .banished inl Aa- 
nwviafiWj i. e. on account of his alleged adherence to the Lacedcemo- 
nian interests. JSxtXXoifvrt^ Scillua in Elis, where Xenophon com- 
posed most of his literary productions. &iuQi^a(av, in order to see 

the games. anlXtv, sc. wi'fi.T^ai from the preceding clause. 

o t^«o?, i. e. Apollo. 

8. Ttdvroip bnoaa iattv d/gtvofitra O-riqla =s navtiav reiv ■&ijQlt0 
onoaa dygtvovTai (are usually hunted), 

9. Jfxarci'aif) consecrating a tenth part, wQdla^iiiiiva a al £gm 


11. ^ . . . . TtoQfvovtat, where they go from LojcedcBftnon to Olympia 

T= on the road that leads from, &c. "En = fvtan, S. § 226. N. 

2. aXari .... /itaia. The Greeks cultivated their sacred groves 

with much care, although ornamental horticulture seems not to have 
received much attention from them, probably owing to the small num- 
ber of flowers, with which they were acquainted. Cf. Smith's Diet 
Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 489. 

12. fi^e'Qwv, cultivated, bearing fruit, • ' dirdgmv depends upon 

i(pvrtv&ri, S. § 181. 2. oaa iatl rgtixta uQoiia, such as to^ien ripe 

may be eaten raw, viz. apples, nuts, &c. 

13. TON JE EXONTA — KATABYEIN. S. § 219. N, 7. 


A, Moaavvotxwv, of the Mossynaedans^UteraWy, dwellers in wooden 

towers ifioaavv, a wooden tower, oixim, to dwell), fU aitovq. See N. 

on I. 3. § 5. ngo^fvov. The proxenus was a person, who oflicially 

watched over the interests of all persons coming from the state con- 
nected by hospitality. The office was very similar to that of a mod- 
em consul or minister-resident Cf. Smith's Diet Gr. and Rom. An- 
tiq. p. 491. oTft ol Stfiaoiiv (3 pers. plur. fut. opt of diUi^i), that 

they would not permit the Greeks to pass through, 

3. avtoi<; refers to the Mossynoecians who were hostile to the 

Grreeks. ol ix xol inexuva (i. e. in ixilifci, S. § 124. N.), the^ 

who dwelt beyond these. ixttrovq, i. e. the more remote Mossymc 

ejans. §1 fiotfXoivxo, Cf. N. on IV. 1. { 8. 

C«AF. IV.] NOTEd. 339 

5. dtaaw&-ijvai ri(Joq rov *EXXdSa>^ to reach Cfrecce in safety* 

ovToft refers to the hostile Mossyncecians. 

7. El Sh fifidq a(f>ria€tt, but if you send us away^ i. e. reject oui 

9. ;f^^ora(r^a*, sc. r\fiiv elicited from the preceding ^^wr. ti 

olol n faga&(y in what will you he able, 

10. oT* here introduces a direct quotation. S. § 228. Ix toO 

inl O-artqa (i. e. ta ?T«(;a), on the Other side, 

11. *Enl rovTotq, upon these conditions. ftovo^vXa, canoes. 

12. wq7Tf(j ol xoQolj as bands of dancers. ai'riaToixovvTfqdX).t'{- 

iLo*s, drawn up in rows facing one another. /f^/^a — levxaiv ^owv 

Saaf'a^ shields made of the hides of white oxen with the hair on. Cf. 
N. on I. 8. § 9 ; IV. 7. § 22. 

13. Ttdxoq .... atQtoftatoStafiovj about the thickness of a linen sack, 
in which bed-clothes are packed. These sacks were often made ot 

leather. xQwpvXovj a tuft of hair drawn up from all sides of the 

head, and fastened in a bow at the top. oaydodq^ double-edged 


14. h QvS-fiWj in time, inifiaxtaxarov, very easy to be taken. 

15. TO ax^oTaroi', " castellum in celsissimp loco situm.^^ Krug. 

6 noXtfioq r\v among the Mossynoecians. oi yon) dtl tovx fx^v 

xtq^for those who t for the time beings were in possession of this. Cf. 

N. on III. 2. § 31. xoivov .... TrXforBxtflv, by seizing on whai be* 

Longed to them in common, they (i. e. the Mossynoecians hostile to the 
Greeks) h^d obtained the ascendency. 

18. Tfwq, as yet, i. e. up to the time designated by iTtfl in the next 

clause. ixdgafiovrtq xQfTtovtav avtovq, sallying forth put them 

to flight. The issue of this engagement was what might have been 
expected from so ill-concerted an attack. 

17. vofio) rivl, a certain measure. 

18. ftdX* ovtfq avxvol. The flight of so many Greeks rendered tlie 
defeat still more disgracefnl. 

19. Tov xaxov. S. § 186. 1. ytr^pritat. S. § 209. N. 4. 

20. Tw ovTi', in reality. xai iifidq dvdyxrj, sc. 7toX(fi,Covq tJpcu 

from the preceding clause. ravrd, the same things. S. § 144. 3 

**jtBg after tavra may be rendered as. ^Trof .... ditoXtCipoih- 

ra», they will be less disposed to leave our lines, xd^ttaq here refers to 
the army drawn up in a regular order of battle. 

21. xai oTf, as when. S. § 228. N. 3. 

22. Inil ixaXXtfQTiaavTo, when they had offered a sjcrifice cutended 

with favorable omens. xara ravtd, in the same order, i. e. in col- 

tuDiis. — vnoXt*nofiivovq x. t. A., but a little behind thefronL 

23. ci*4a€§XXo9, attempted to drive back. Cf. N. on I. 3. \ l« 

340 NOTES. [Book V 

24. Totfq fti9 olv x. c. X, Buttmann (§ 137. 4) cites this passage to 
exemplify the use of the imperfect alternately with the aorist, whenever 

the fact narrated is to be represented as having had some duration. 

26. <fv).dtrovatv is Brunck's emendation, of .-vhich Kruger says 

••justo andacior est." It is however approved by Porson, Dindorf, 
and Bornemaiin. Th(^ common reading is (pvXoktovra, with which 
it is iic:ual to supply To/w^Yoy. The reading suggested by Brunck 
r« fiTs to what Pump. Mela I. 19. says, that the Mossy ncecians elect 
ilu'ir king, and having clopely confined him in a wooden tower, pun- 

isli liim for any misconduct by withholding his daily food. olSi 

oL Kriig. reads ovdh n referring to some inferior ruler, who was in 
tlie place first taken. 

27. Orioavoovq^ store-rooms, cells. wviy^eVwy, perf. pass, part 

of t'f'w, to heap up, Cf. Butt Irreg. Verbs, p. 180. avv t^ xaAa/<ij. 

8o we say, ' grain in the sheaf.' 

29. Kduva — Tct TzXaTf'a ovx }fxorta SicupviiP oi'dtfiCav^ i. e. chesroits. 

Tovtot refers to xot()i/a, and is put in the singular by a kind oi 

attraction with aCrw. xal nXilaxw aCrw = as the most usual arti- 
cle of food. xc^aor^fig, being mixed, i. e. diluted with water. 

30. dq TO 7i(j6aa). See N. on I. 3. § 1. 

31. dvafiowvtwv .... noXitoq. Credat Judceus Apella. 

32. Tbiv tvdaifjt6r(ov = rwv TiXovaiiata^tuv, ov TroAAoT .... ftvcu, 

almost equal in thickness and length = nearly as broad as they were 

long iatiyfifvovq dv&t/itov, marked (i. e. tattooed) with flowers. 

Such is the usual method of interpreting this passage. " Mihi vera 
videtur vulgaris interpretatio." Krtlg. For the construction of a^^^ 
^tof, see S. §§ 165. 1 : 206. 3. 

33. ixal{iai>q alq by attraction for tta(g<uq aq. What a revolt'ng 
picture is here furnished of a savage state of society. 

34. aTtfi) av. Supply from the context noi^aef^v &p&goj7tot. 


2. noXv fiv ntdtvittxiqa than the country through wiuch the Greeks 

had previously passed. ovri&ijvaC c*, might derive som^ ad ran- 

tage = might obtain some booty. ovaaSui is the more usual tbmi. 
Cf. Butt Irreg. Verbs, p. 189. 

3. or* ... . noXffiov, that the gods by no means permitted the war. 
dnoCxovq refers to noXCraq implied in noXiv. Cf. N. on II 1. { 6 

4. MfXQ^q htav&a, thus far, inHtvatv, travelled on foot, — 

ip BtfivXHwi^ i, e. in Babylonia. f^xv^* C^« N« on II. 2. § 6. 

Chaf v.] NOTEa 341 

«/^» *h' So we have Jftne inl, IV. 5. § 6 ; ft^gt^ tht VI 4. § 26. 

XQovov TtXijO-oq^ space ofHme. 

5. ayiSjvaq yvfivixotiq. The persons who engaged in these gymmc 
games, were either entirely naked, or covered only with the short ;if*Tw» 

7. Tf before TtoUtaq corresponds with xal in xal Ttf^l 'rrj<; /«:<>**?' 

lf<ptQov, Notice the change of subject from ^ noXiq to ol noklrai. 

Sttpoq — X^yttv, See N. on II. 5. § 15. 

8. re after inaiviaovtaq is in correspondence witL fnttta Sh in the 

next member. awriaO-riaofifvovq, to congratulate you, dta nroA- 

Aft»f — aeaaafifvoi, having been preserved through (=from) many, &c. 
For the use of Std, cf Tittmann on the Greek Prep., Bib. Repos. Vol. 
III. p. 50. 

10. dio, for St o, wherefore. Butt § 115. N. 5. 

11. \f/idq — iviovq = vfiav hCnvq, Mt § 319. 

12. TauT 01% orx r»^ftoi*/t«»', TioiT luc ^Mri/c that these things are wir 

becoming, ovh o^tocu = avd^tov tt tlval (pijfit. Mt § 608. 1. ^^ 

Xov noiiiaO-ai est sibi alicujus amiciiiam concUyire, at tplXow noiiiv est 
alteri alicujus amicitiam conciliare.^^ Zeune. 

13. v7t^Q,for, in behalf of. ayan^vrtq, contented. 

14. dv&-' Sr. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 4. — rt? — tovratv. See N. on 
I. 4. § 8. 

15. hnoCtav tivSv fitiwv Iti»/ov, what kind of men they found its to 
be. Cf Mt § 328. 5. 

16. Construct civ before iX&6vteq with tx^H*'"' *"""" ^^ ''* — **' ""j 
whether — or. ovx v^Qn, not from wantonness. 

17. (pofifQovqj fearful to be encountered. 

18. roiv ixehtav, of those things which were theirs, ixttvmv depends 
upon Twp. Cf Mt § 380. Obs. 2. 

l\f, KorvotQlrocq. It is usual to explain this accusative by quod at 
tinet ad, as it respects the Cotyorians, But Matthise (§ 427. Obs, 3) 
regards such accusatives, as resulting from the interruption of the 
proposition by a parenthesis, after which it is resumed with a differ 
ent construction. With this explanation, Bom. in his note on this 
passage substantially concurs. Cf. Mt §631. 1. The best and 
most simple solution, however, is to regard Korv(a^i(raq as put in the 
accusative by attraction with its relative* ovg. 

20. *0 di Xfyuq, as to what you say. Cf. Mt 478. drf'otyop, 

S. § 80. N. 3. Tot ^avToiv Sanavoivttq, being ai their own charges, 

21. 01 6h ctAAot is in apposition with fififXq, the omitted subject of 
axijvovfitv. vTtatO-Qtot, in the open air. 

22. "A di fjneCXfiaaq refers to what is detailed in § 12, supra. y^ 
lop noifiito/itv. The difficulty suggested by the criticism of Zeunw 

345 NOTES. [Book V 

(See N. on § 12, supra), may be avoided by constructing iifOv with 

this clause. So Born, and Poppo. rov JJoupXayova, i. e. Corylaa, 

who at that time governed Paphlagonia. Cf. VI. 1. § 2. 

24. tolq tl\tfi/*ivot.Q^ sc. vn avtov, toiV iv&dSe^ i. e. the Caty- 


25. inttfiSnaf things of mutual interest, of advantage to both par- 
ties. Tct t( aAAa xal, especially, literally, among other things. 

Butt § 150. p. 436. 


1. m^fjy by land, opposed to »ara O-dlarrav, fftntigoi, acquaint- 
ed with, Ixaroi — naoaaxiiv^ able to furnish, 

2. "EXXrivat; ovraq^'EXXija^, Cf. S. §232. "ElXriai depends upon «J- 

povq, ToiATw refers to t©^ . . . . avft^ovXeitiv, by being friendly to thf 

Greeks and giving them the best advice, 

3. or* oi*x • • • • ^^^oif that he did not say% that they would make 

war (S. § 192. N. 2) upon the Greeks, i^ov, while it was in their 

vower, S. § 168. N. 2. 

4. TToXXd ftot xdya&a ytpotro, may many good things be to me = 
may I be prospered. avrij ydg .... nagtlvai, ** i. e. tanti moment! 
res agitur ut nunc potissimum illud Ugov ^ av^fioXii cogitandum esse 
videatnr." Krtig. 

5. fifidq .... TtogCtfi'V, for we shaU be under the necessity of furnish- 
ing you with ships, ^i* — atMtja&e, if you set out. For citations 

in proof of this sense of the passive ateXXofiat, see Carmichael Gr. 
Verbs, p. 264. 

6. Xixrf'a a yiyvuaxto =^ d«* fie Xtyttv ixeiva a y&yvataxcD, 

7. ij fi, than where, rd xf'gata, the horns, i. e. the points or 

projections of the mountain. xgainv, to defend, ol ndmq 

&p&g(onoiy all the men everywhere, or as we say, all the men in the 
world. On the force of the article before ndrrfq, cf. Mt. § 266. 

8. InntCav, The Paphlagonians were distinguished for their skill 
m horsemanship, and for their excellent cavalry. On these plains, to 
which Hecatonymus refers, cavalry could act to great advantage. 
fifltor (fonrel, is too haughty to obey the summons of the king. 

9. Gfit/nfidovra. On the banks of this river now called Thermeh, 

the Amazons were located by the poets. aXXw; tt xoi, especially 

'—^Jgtr. This river is now called Yeshil Irmak. "j4Xvv. The 

Halys, now called Kizzil Irmak, like the Thermcdon and Iris, rises in 
the mountains of ArmeniE^ emd afler flowing westerly a considerable 
distance, takes a north-easterly direction and empties into the Euxine 

Chap. VI.] NOTES. 843 
mq <f avTwc =^ (w^atTwg SK 6 IlaQ&ipioq, The GrecKa de- 

rive the name of this river, from the fondness of Diana to hunt along 
its banks. 

10. ov jf aA«;rt/r, not difficult merely. So Cicero Arch. Poet. 4. 8, 
•* qui se non opinari, sed scire," &c. 

il. Oi $^ olv. Cf. N. on I. 3. § 5. 

12. ovTw ^ txH, hut it is thus^ i. e. on this condition. ft Si , . . 

naraXtCi^ta d-fxi (= xaraUitp^'fiaiaS'ai. S. §207. N 6), biU if some o, 
us are to be left behind, 

13. iv avdoanodtav x^Q^> ^^ ^he situation of slaves = we shall be 
reduced to servitude. 

15. ixarohq, skilful^ weU-disciplined. — — ovx av an oXCyuv /pij/*a- 

T«i', not ai small expense = not without great expense. Toaai'rij 

Siivafiiq, SO great a force as the one now there, viz., the Greek army. 

aiTw refers to Afvofwvrtj which is separated by intervening 

clauses from iSoxn upon which it depends. noXiv xaroixtaavraqj 

having founded a city. From the expression lapovraq noXiv, § 30, 
infra, it would seem that Xenophon had in mind the occupation and 
enlargement of some city then existing, perhaps Cotyora. 

16. avx^v refers to the Greek army, xo'vq nti^ioixovvxaq^ to the 
Greeks living in Pontus. 

17. iavTw is annexed to TKQijioii^aaa&'at for the sake of emphasis. 
S. § 207. N. 3. The perfidy of Silanus arose, not from love of coun- 
try or friends, but from a mean desire to display his wealth in Greece, 
in which he would have been disappomted, had the army remained 
on the shores of the Euxine. 

18. ^vdfiffoq KvQw, i. e. oflering sacrifice in the name of Cyrus. 

19. toiq dh TtoXldlq, to the greater part. ot* — on. This rep- 
etition results from the intervening clause. xavSvptvan figlvai, 

would be in danger of remaining = it was to be feared that toaavtti 

dvva^Lq would remain. fiovXevtrai, yog x. r. A. Notice the change 

to the oratio recta. 

20. oLTtoQovq dvtaq — f/<ty, being at loss how to obtain. x^Q**i 

to which oixivfiftriq belongs, depends on ixXe^dfitvot. S. § 178. 2. 
nhiia d^ commences the apodosis. 

21. avra :avray i. e. the things reported by o» ffiTtogot. oTtwq 

innXtxati. The future more commonly follows oJimq. See Mt. § 519 
p. 885. 

22. nQoq^x^iv (sc. tov vovv) fiov^y to think of staying, nra^ 

&vtaO'ai. The plural is used in order to give indirectop^s to the 
eharge against Xenophon. 

23.. %*9itufivUt^, the new moon, lite:raUy, new month {vinq, /tf«f»). Th« 

344 NOTES. [Book T 

Greeks began the moDth with the dny oi> the evening of which the 
new moon first appeared. Hence vovfirivta was the name given to the 
first day of the m^pnth. Cf. SmithV Diet Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 1 75 

Kv}^ixTiv6v, The Cyzicene t^tater was a gold coin = 28 Attii 

drachmsB (~ $4. 926. See N. on 1.4. § 13) or 180 grains, althougl 
none of the existing coins of that name come up to this weight. CI 

Smith's Diet Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 896. vjidQiii vfilv. Cf. N 

on I. 1. § 4. 

24. Sia TO inel&ev (2raty because I am from those 'parts. 

25. Tft; pov).o/i(vw is in apposition with avroi^, 

26. a)?r« ixnXflv, on condition thai the army sailed away. £?rf = 

iff ^Tf, 

27. ld((f, privately. firi xoivov/tsvov fjf at^an^. This aisse • 

tion by the negative of what is affirmed in UCt^ makes Krfig. dou. i 
the genuineness of these words. But the repetition of a sentiment ni 
an affirmative a ad negative form, is of\en done for the sake of cli- 
phasis or perspicuity. Cf. Mt. § 636 (end). 

28. ^ . . . . TtQoiyfiatoq^ or in no respect vshatecer to touch the affaxr^ 
as we say, to have nothing to do with the thing. 

29. TO (i^v fidytatov, Cf. N. on I. 3. § 10. antiqov ovra, »c. 

30. a(f ov civ ytvotroj whence it might 6e=how it might be brought 
to pass. vfid<; — %ov fikv fiovlo/juvov = v/ioiv xov fikv fiovXofuror, 

Cf N. on V. 5. § 11. 

31. avigaq, i. e. Timasion and Thorax. ffv&a, i. e. Greece. 

32. xttToi fitxga, in small bands. x^Q^pxti. " Where j^a/^«» 

signifies to escape with impunity, its participle is generally used." 
Vig. p. 110. 

33. Tti'a is bracketed by Dind. in his lesser edition. '^ Inepturo 
tiva non dubitare ejicere." Krug. 

35. ra Si jir^^Mara Umits itptvafitvoi. ^aav, S. § 167. rrjq ftia&o 

ffoQoq is put by Hutch, and Weiske, in dependence upcn ta jt^^V**^** 
but Krftg. suspects, that it has crept into the text by way of explana 


1. dvg7ivO-o*ro, received intelligence, as we familiarly say, got 
wind of what was going on ynqattofifva). 

2. avkXoyo^ iyCyvovro, were collected in groups. atXXoyoi' is usee* 
of seditious gatherings in which plants of action are discussed sju* 

Cha». ni.] 50TES. a4fi 

matured. Cf. Thucyd. III. 27. § 3. xvxXoi avfiatarto, were 

standing in circles^ the usual way in which persons group together 

to talk of real or supposed wrongs. xaX .... r^aav^ and they excited 

in Xenophon great apprehension. ayogavofiovq. The duties o' 

these functionaries corresponded in some degree to those of the Ro- 
man cediles. They nad the inspection of the market, including the 
things sold there, (with the exception of corn, which was under the 
jurisdiction of the aixfxpvlaxt^^) with the care of all the temples, foun- 
tains, &c., in the immediate vicinity of the marketplace. Cf Smith'n 
Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 24. 

3. ayoQciv = ixxXriatav. 

4. oTt ^Xd-ov 7t()oq avrov = that they were the authors of the pro- 
ject complained of by the soldiers. 

5. ftfXXfa, have it in mind, Cf. Cyr. I. 4. § 16. oitwq . . . 

d^top =. punish them as they deserve. 

6. rovTo limits i^aTiarijaai (S. 5 167), and refers to w? ijAto? x, t, X, 

7. w? 'EXXada, how favorable is the navigation (i. e. the wind 

for sailing) into Greece, 

8. *AXXa yog .... ffifii^io. The ellipsis may thus be supplied : 
But it may be objected, that I can still deceive you, for, waiting 

a while, 1 shall cause you to embark when there is a calm Ovxovv^ 

therefore. Herm. ad Vig. p. 794 remarks : olxovv est ergo sine inter- 
rogatione ; ovxow^ 1. non ergo, 2. non sane, 3. nonne ergo 7 4. nonne ? 

9. TIoiw d* vfidq — i}x«n', but I will suppose you to have come (S. 

§ 209. N. 2). xal Sri xvU, grant that even. " xal di} is employed 

in stating something for the sake of argument." Vig. p. 198. XL 
But Matthise (§ 510. 7) has cited examples, which show that this hy 

pothetical power resides in the indicative. ^ ovxoi — finvXevofievoq, 

than by thus forming plans. 

10. IlaQCrjfti, /resign. doxtrw. He seems to have Thorax 

in view. 

11. *AXXa yag, Cf. N. on III. 2. §26. Taftra refers to the 

charge against Xenophon spoken of, § 5, supra. 

12. "Orav .... ?/i/T«, i. e. when you are satisfied in respect to these 

things. olov vTtoditxrvaiv, such as it foresfwws itself S. §205. 

N. 1. 

13. djteX&tTp. Dmdorf reads aTTijA^^'oy. But the construction, ^o 
novat S^ ftoi — dntjX&ov is so harsh, that it seems best, with Popp« 
and Krtiger, to adopt dntX&tlv as the true reading. 

14. vofit^gtv, sc. tovq ivoixovvtaq, 

16. fifAiqa yivofAfVfi, the day coming 09l — — iaxvQtif xonmp, u €• 
the mountains. See § 13, supra. 

446 NOTES. [Book V, 

17. f,, Suppl} Ip from ^i* xfj ^/**'v^ The relative is found with- 
out the preposition, when it refers to a noun or pronoun, with which 

the proposition is joined. Cf Mt § 595. 4. olnta dvtiyfitroi, n(4 

yet having got under weigh, 

18. oifflq Xtyfiv^ ^fpaaav — rfiia&al zt ainov^, " I know no othei 
example of tliis, (i. e. the personal pronoun in the nominative before 
tlie infinitive,) than the case where two infinitives with different sub- 
jects arc dependent on the %x\ie verb, of which one only has the same 

•ubject with the first verb." Butt. § 142. 4. N. 3. avtovq referd 

to tQilq avSi)a(; (§ 17), and is the subject o^xeXtvnv, which verb is con- 
nected by xa^ to fidea&aC rt xal fiMnv, and depends upon f(paaav. 
Poppo however, suspects that avtov<; stands for ^^o? avroi's, i. e. tlie 

Greeks. rov? tovrov Seofifvovq^ those who wish thiSy i. e. to bury 

their slain. 

19. fri'/or .... ICe^ofjroffTt, happened to he still in Kerasus. 

21. 2vyxa&-iifitvot, while we were sitting together in consultation. 
Cf. Thucyd. V. 55. § 1. 

22. wq av . , ,, TtQayfia^ inasmuch Qs they had seen what took place 
among them, i. e. tlie death of their countrymen spoken of § 19, supra. 
The idea is ihat they were frightened, because they had just witness- 
ed a similar scene. 

25. invlytroy " was near drowning,^^ Belfour. 

26. xoiaThra is in the predicate. 

27. Xenophon now shows the sad effects, which would result from 
such insubordination. roiv nghq vfiaq iopxwv as ambassadors. 

28. iv ovdtfiiff. x^^^ = y^ithout authority. ijv ,, , , iygpero^ ij 

there he those^ who will render him the ohedience^ which just now (i. e. 
when the mob collected) was given, 

29. v^lv. S. § 197. Notes 1, 4. diajKrcqaxaaiv. S. § 205. N. 

3 avO-aCQstoi (aiTO?, aigto/iat), self-chosen. 

30. wptxviia&ai, is the subject of c^ra*. toinovq refers to vt- 

xiiovq* Cf. N. on tovto ,111. 2, § 20. ntiqvxU), the caduceus, a stafll 

or mace borne bv heralds and ambassadors in the time of war. avw 
xriQvxto) = a caduceator heing sent. Similar to this is our modern 
expression, * to send under a flag of truce.' 

31. *u4kXa vfinq x. t. A., hid we (thinking that no one would willinf^- 

ly imdertake the embassy) have requested, &c. ra . . . . axTiroTt. 

and endeavor to pitch his tent on strongly fortified and advantageous 
places^ i. e. tjike every precaution to defend himself against the vio- 
lence of a mob. 

32. ridiwqy with gladness such as results from a hope of acceptance. 

33. ra fityiora *hing8 of the greatest moment^ i. e. frood faith to 

Chaf. VIIL] NOTES. 347 

wards heralds, a just regard for the rights of others, dbc. Ol Sk 

Sij. Dind., Born., and Pop., translate oi', vbi, referring to Greece. 
Cf VI. 6. § 16. But Krug. makes ol r pronoun referring to inalvov. 
and after Lion adopts the order : rlq dv ijfiai^ — imaiviaett thv Jlnaivov 
ov ndvxfov oiofud-a xiv^iod-ai,. This is forced and unnatural. Ren- 
der the passage : being such (i. e. so lawless), who would bestow 
fraise upon us, where (i. e. in Greece) we hope to be praised by all? 


1. d/»ijy v;ro(r/«Xi', should be tried. xQovov. S. $ 187. 1. 

Z^Xi (2 aor. of bipXiaxdvin) .... fivdq, wa^ fined for negligently guard- 
ing the cargoes of the transport-ships (V. 1. § 16) the deficit, 20 mi/uB 
For the construction of t^? yi/Aax^?, which Kriig. rightly translates 
secors custodioj see S. § 187. 1. xi^Vf*^^''^^ depends on <pvXaxijq. to 
fitCafia, with which fivci<: is in apposition, follows ^<pXe, and refers 
to the deficiency in the cargoes, resulting from the negligence of 

those, who kepi guard over them. a^/wv of the ships (V. 3. § I). 

xar fifiiXft. Sturz supplies r^q aoxriq, in the sense ofmunus, duty, 

(pctflfxoi'T*?, asserting. On the use of yaax «w, cf. Butt § 109. I. 2 ; 

Mt. § 215. 2. 

2. Xf^avxa has nov xa* inXtiyri for its object. ry qlyn, Cf. IV. 

4. §11. 

3. ofQaCviad-ai. This expression shows the extreme scarcity of 

the article. or? ... . iyyCyna&ot^ who are said to be insensible to 

fatigue, on account of their viciousness. Xenophon means to say, 
that if unmoved by the dreadful sufferings of the soldiers, he was 
abusive and insolent, he must have evinced a viciousness unsurpassed 

by that of the ass, which no amount of labor could subdue. /itO-if 

mp naiiwvfiaa / did I abuse you when I was intoxicited ? This does 
not imply that Xenophon was ever guilty of drunkenness, any more 
than the previous interrogatory proves him to have been addicted to 

5. ti hnXittvoi = il (Xfi bnX^Ttiq, 

6. 'H . . . . dndyav ; are you the man, who was carrying a sick 

7. tial ydg d^tov,for now it is worth while. 

8. xateXttTttro, was on the point of being left behind. 8. § 21(X 
N. 1. 'ro«7or»Toi' xa toaovTov ftovov. 

9. Svvftpfj, assented to. » nQovjiffitpa by crasis for ngo^Tit/t^pff^ 

IC. 'Orro^a ft fiovUtau if: a phrase of indiflference ^^just aa lu 

348 NOTES. [Book ▼ 

pleases, 'Evtav&a .... Xtytiq = it is true, as you say, that thcR 

I struck you. dSon iotxtvou, to appear like one who knew. 

11. ^TTOf Tft a/r«i^ai'cy, literally, did he any the less die, i. e. nothing 
was gamed hy this trouhle, since after all the man died. 

12. oUyotq, sc. TtXfiyw;, few blows^i, e. less than he deserved. 

13. oaoiq .... fjiixit, as many as were content to be saved, tor- 

twr xai fiaxofi^vwv. Matthiee (§ 556. Obs, 3) refers these participles 
to vftaqj the change of case resulting from a kind of anacoltUhon. 
Perhaps it is better to regard them as gen, absolutes^ thrown in for the 

take of giving emphasis to the thought. Cf. Mt. § 561. inoiov- 

fitr. S. § 210. N. 2. anoiXofiiO-a. The aorist here confines the 

result to a single case = (each time that we did thus) we should haw 
aU been destroyed. See Mt § 508. b (end). 

14. xa&tiofiiroq on'/rof XQovov^ having sat a considerable time* On 
this ooriBtic use of xa&fl^ofuroq, cf Butt. § 144. p. 277 ; also Butt 

Irreg. Verbs, p. 130. xat/fia&or avaotaq fiohq I perceived that 1 

could scarcely rise. When <he participle, after verbs of knowing, 
hearing, seeing, &c., has the same subject as that of the verb, it is 
put in the nominative (Butt § 144. 4 ; Mt § 548) ; and if it denotes 
an action, coinciding in time with the finite verb and completed along 
with it, the participle is in the same tense. Mt § 559. p. 975. 

15. vyQotfiTa, suppleness, Jieanbility of the limbs. to Sh xm- 

&fia&cu .... ^axt vXovq, but I saw, that sitting down and remaining still, 
produced congealment of the blood- and rotting off of the toes, 

17. Kal yog ojy. Cf. N. on I. 9. § 8. ;raoa to d/xato*', contra- 
ry to what is just, unjustly, tC /if'ya .... Xa/nfidvftv, what injury so 

great could they have suffered, as that they could hope to obtain satis- 
faction for it? aTzXoiqt simple, ingenuous, when used of an ora- 
tion is opposed SinXovq, double, artificial^ ambiguous, 

19. iy fvdC(f {fv, Jioq), in fine weather == free from perils and 

20. &aXatta fieydXij (= magnum mare, Lucret II. 554), a high 
sea, swelling waves, ^^— vtvftaroq ^oVoi' = the last departure from 
duty. TZQwQtvq. This officer who was next in rank to the helms- 
man, commanded in the prow, and had the oversight of the rowers. 

xvpiQvrixtiq. Ae had the chief management of the ship, and sat 

as helmsman, on an elevated seat in the stern. Iv tw rmovTO', at 

such a time. For the use of the article, see Mt § 265. 7. 

21. f/ovT*? ^C(fri ov xpififovq, i, e. not being restricted to the mere 
declaration of opinion, but having ample means to punish Xenophon 
"or ill-timed or excessive severity. 

22. i^ovatav license, vfio^ftv ^wrrrq ai-ror,, by permitting them 

cha». viil] notes. ni9 

to be insolent. tovq avrovq .... vpQiarotdtovq, you m'/ find that 

the same p arsons^ who were then most remiss^ are now the most inso- 

23. ^iffifx/tTo .... (p^gnr, refused to carry his shield under pre- 
tence of sickness. For the construction of Sitftdxtzo — ^*i/ q)f()(ir, 

cS. N. on I. 3. § 2 (beginning). dTto^e^vxev, he has stripped, i. e. 


24. rot'Tov .... notovaty you will treat him contrary (rdvavrla, S. 

§ 186. N. 2) to the manner^ in which they treat dogs. Mtaat, 

pres. 3 pers. plur. ot'StdtifM (a poetic form of dtw), as n&iaat. is form- 
ed from tl&fifu (S. § 117. N. 2). Carmichael svb hoc voce quotes 
Person's remark: "the Attic bee (i. e. Xenophon) does not disliKe 
words and phrases both poetic and Doric, of which no trace is found 
in other Attic writers, when they give elegance and vigor to his 

25. dnrix^ofifiv. The aori"" I is here used for the perfect tense, 

Cf. S. § 212. N. 1. -, fi/firfia&e. S. § 209. N. 4. tl Sf\. . 

inexovgriaa, but if /protected any one from the storm. Mt. § 41 1. 5. 

26. Tttgitydptxo, he was superior to his accusers, i. e. he was hon 
craUy acquitted. 



3fiU IfOTES. [Book U 



1. y.\xtax(ffft»ot afltr the Oriental maDner. — — anfidatv, couchet 
•imdc of grass, straw, or leaves. —— ^x xt^arlvutp notri^Utp^ out oj 
Clips ofhoni. 

5. anovdaCy libations. The Greeks . t feasts, before drinking made 
a libation to llie good spirit (aya^ov daifiovoq) of unmixed wine, of 
which each guest drank a little. This ceremony was accompanied 
with Uie singing of the psean and the music of flutes. Afterwards 
mixed (i. e. diluted) wine was brought in, and with the first cup the 
guests drank to Jthq 2ottfj{>oq. After the anovdat were made* the 6h' 
nvov, dinner, closed, and at the introduction of the dessert (Sfvrtgcu 
tQamiai,) the avfinoaiov commenced. At the symposicu music and 
dancing with various other amusements were introduced, and spright- 
ly conversation, saUies of wit, and the discussion of the subjects of 
the day enlivened and gave interest to the entertainment Cf. Smith's 

Diet. pp. 321, 832, 926. ngoq aiUoy = to the music of the flute. 

TtiTiXfiY ivai, to have been killed. — ttxpixwq ttw?, by some kind of 

6. dvfxpayoi'. They thought the man was really slain. 2i- 

raXxav, i. e. a song in which were sung the praises of Sitalcas, one of 

their kings, celebrated for his goodness. i^ttptgov mq r^Syffxora^ 

bore him forth for burial, as if hewer e deadf 

7. xagnaCav, karpaia, a mimetic dance. S. § 164. 

8. aniCgn xct* l^fvyrjXaTei, This was done in pantomime. Ifi 

arijq, i. e. a pretended robber. — iv gv&-fiw nghq tov avXovj rhyth- 
mically to the ffite, i. e. in time with the music of the flute. 

rw x^^f' S. § 137. N. 1. 

9. xa* rori — roth S>, cU one time — at another, wq 9vo avrt- 

raTTo^/j'wv, as if two were opposed to him. i^sxvpiatay threw 

kimselfhead foremost, i. e. he performed a kind of somerset, 

iO. IltgaiKov, ec ogxfifioi, a Persian dance, which, from the genu- 

tHiiP. I.] NOTK& 351 

flexions witli which it was performed, was called oxXaofia, Cf. Cyr 
VIII. 4. § 12. 

11. nooqodotq, solemn ihanksgimngs, when pseans were sung to 
Apollo and the other gods. 

12. TIv^g(xTiv, The movements of this war-dance were very light 
and rapid. Hence the name of the Pyrrhic foot (u u). In the Doric 
states, where its origin is to be traced, it served as a preparation for 
war, but at Athens and other of the non-Doric cities, it was merely 
mimetic to entertain company. It was introduced to tlie public games 
at Rome by Julius Csesar. 

13. al tQixffdfiipai, A sportive exaggeration of what is narrated, I. 
10. § 3. 

15. *AQfiiivrip, now called Ak-Liman, i. e. the White Harbor. 

f/itdCfiPovq. The medimnus was the principal dry-measure of the 

Greeks, and contained 11 galls. 7.1456 pints. xfgd/nia. This was 

a liquid-measure containing 5 galls. 7.577 pints. Cf. Smith's Diet. 
Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 616. 

18. ^ixuaijq, sc. yriafifjq, the prevailing opinion, i. e. the will of the 

20. nrj fUv corresponds with ottot* ^ av, § 21, infra. Cf. N. on 

III. 1. § 12. vofiC^oiv, when he reflected, ^-^ rv/ov, perchance^ 

possibly. S. § 168. N. 2. 

21. avroxgdtoga YtPfoG-oct aiJ/ovra, to be commander-in-chief' 

Ti/f TrQoBigYaafiivrjv do^av, the glory which he had previously ob- 
tained, in conducting the retreat of the army. 

22. dvo Uoila, Zeune remarks, that two or more victims were 
brought to the altar, so that if auspicious omens did not attend the 
sacrifice of the first, another might be slain. 

23. di^tov. " When the Greeks were seeking omens from the flight 
of birds, they stood with the face to the north. Hence the favorable 
quarter of the heavens was on their right. The Romans on the con- 
trary, when taking auguries of this sort, looked towards the south, 
and therefore the propitious region of the heavens was on their lefu 
This will account for the apparent disagreement in the writings oAhe 
two people, the Roman omen on the left being fortunate, which to 
the Greek would have been unlucky, and vice versa. As it respects 
the kind of omens, sometimes the mere appearance of a bird was 
deemed sufficient (especially if it appeared to a traveller on his road) ; 
thus the Athenians always considered the appearance of an owl as a 
lucky sign ; hence the proverb, yXav^ tnxatai,, the owl is out = .we 
shall have good luck." Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rem. Antiq. p. 34& 

r^* ttdyaq fikv ol«voc is conformed to JUtytv, C"f^ construction 

362 NOTES, [Book VI 

•uited to ZqjtiQ being fi4yav fihr nitovhr, f'^Y^j i* 5. portending 

great things. oiJx iSKaxtx6q, The omen was to a person of official 

dignity, inasmuch as the eagle was tlie bird of Zeus. inCnoroq, 

portentous of great toil, /^iz/tiartarixof, relating to an increase 

of wealth, — *- fialXovy sc. ^ xaS-rf^uivov, rather than while in a sitting 

25. TtQotpdXXovto ai'Tov, they proposed him (L e. Xenophon). 

26. (XTttQ avO-QOiTtoq tifii =:since I have all the feelings of a man^ 

in respect to an appointment so honorable. ifiol .... To^ro> 

nor furthermore do I think it at all safe for me. 

28. 7if\)a, beyond is here taken absolutely (Butt Lexil. No. . 1), 

somewhat in the sense of Itz^q to fietitov. axi/^ov, without author' 

ity = null and void. 

29. eX xiva. He seems to refer to Chirisophus, and therefore, iD 
order to give no offence, employs ax&'dfurov instead of <rraa»aCorra. 

31. TiXftovoq h'df'ov^ there was need of a more cogent reason^ viz., 

that drawn from the will of the gods ofipxm .... naaaq., The 

same formula of swearing is found, VII. 6. § 18 ; Cyr. VI. 4. § 6. So 

Demosth. de Cor., ToT? O-tolq tixofiai ndai xal Tidaaiq, ^ A*'f* 

confirms the oath. f/not before vnoaxfjvou limits piXrtop. «?t4 

.... y»'(Mi'at= Juxyafwq, § 24. idmrriv signifies in this place, one who 

is unskilled in the science of divination. 

32. oi'd* av tyotyi iaraafal^ov, A similar protestation to the one 

made by Xenophon, § 29. IfvnfpuirTa .... Mfiivoiy yet, said he, 

you have done a favor to Xenophon by not choosing him. What ia 
here said shows, that the worst fears of Xenophon would have been 
realized, had he accepted the commemd offered to him. — xa* fivt- 
Xa . ... rytyaSojTo?, and that too in spite of my efforts to silence hm. 
*0 *i, i. e. Dexippus. avthv refers to Xenophon. 


d. iTil xov K/gfiggov — Kotafifjrat. " Male vertit Hutchinsonus cd 
Cef berum descendisse, quod esset, Ttgot; Ktgfiegov, Verte ad Cerbe- 
rum petendum descendisseV Porson. 

4. ©ai'/fwEw — roiv (iroartjyoiv. The genitive in this case, showB 
j\ whom a certain quality is found, which quality is contained in the 
proposition beginning wilh on ov. I wonder at the generals = I won- 
der at this (i.e. mt .... aixrigiaiov) in the generals. Cf. Mt. § 317 
Obs. ; S. § 182 

5. llXXoq . . fivgCovq, another said, ^ not less than ten thousand 

Cba». iu.] notes. 353 

The ellipsis of of UiUvat aixdv gives life to the passage. ^/m»» 

%9&flfi^vQ)Vy while we are sitting here in consultation. 

6. nQovfidXlovro, they began to nominate. 01 d* iaxvgwq ant- 

iid/ovro, hut they wholly declined the service. 

8. T^y dyoQav^ the market^ i. e. provisions sold in the market 

9. dtaip&ilqnv Tr^y nqa^i>v follows firt^vro, as the genitive denoting 
the crime. S. § 183. 1. 

10. tva *A&fivaiov, They considered Xenophon as the real leader, 
although Chirisophus had been chosen to the office. — to & .... 

t7vai, but that the rest of the army was nothing comparatively. 

xal 1JV di X. T. X, An explanatory clause thrown in by the historian. 

14. avTol refers to Chirisophus and Neon. Sm TatJrot, i. e. for 

the reasons just mentioned. toiq yeytptififvoiq, i. e. his loss of the 

chief command, and the desertion of his soldiers, 

15. trt f*i>jfor some time. TtuQafu Cvavraq refers to the third 

division of the army, spoken of in the following section. 

17. xcsra fiiaov Ttiuq xfjq 0^^xi|s» dbovt the middle of Thrace, 


i. '*0v fi^vovv X. T. X. Schneid., Krtlg., and some others, makt 
tnis exordium to commence the sixth book. It is omitted in the Etoia 
MSS., and bracketed by Dind., Born., and Poppo. 

2. 01 fikv 'AgxdSfq, i. e. the division which followed Lycon and 

Callimachus, and were now led by ten generals. to avrov Xaxo^^ 

his own division (literally, lot, portion), Consisting of 450 men. 

3. JSvvfpciXovTo di xal Xocpov, they agreed upon a hill. 

4. TO avyxilfifvov^ sc. x**qCov, the place ofreTfdezvous. 

5. t/(wc, i. e. until they came to the ravine. rg^novtat, sc. oi 

Bg^xiq. dnoxrtvvvaat, 3 pers. piur. pres. of dnoxxCvvvfii,. S. § 1 17 

N. 2. Xoxov limits argaTnaraq understood, with which oxtw /to- 

t^ovq agrees. 

6. dtl TtXtCovtq avvt^^iovy the numbers were continually increasing 

7. ol d> refers to the Thracians. Intoav, cc. oi ^'EXXrivtq, 

8. TWK fi>v refers to the Greeks, tCiv J>, to the Thracians. 

xtXtvxtUvttq, at last, 

9. Tce fji^v dXXa, i. e. the other conditions of the treaty. oim 

iSCdoaar, were unwilling to give, " usu in hoc verbo frequenlissimo.' 

Krtig. itf Tovto) Xaxero, in this thing the treaty hung, i. e. the di» 

agreement respecting the giving of hostages put a stop to the treaty 


3ft4 NOTES. [Book VI 

10* StiKHf&vxi- •— * TioiftvofUpwj wMIb Xenophon was marching. Cf 
Butt § 145. 5 ; Mt. § 562. 2. 

12. fl ixtlroi. The common reading is ti xcd ixdvot 9noXovv'ra&, 
also if they perish, a sense not unsuited to the context 

14. at(jaroniSevu/it&a, S. § 215. 1. xatfjoq refers to time, i. e. 

time for supper. Some refer it to a place suitable lor pitching a camp, 
and at a convenient distance from the enemy. Weiske thinks that ref- 
erence is had to a due amount of exercise, so that the army might 
partake of their repast before becoming greatly fatigued. 

15. This section is parenthetic. (l<; ra jiXayta, i. e. the parts 

lateral to their march. koUcii^ in order that these numerous fires 

might strike the Thracians with terror. Cf. § 19, infra. 

16. XQvaoTioXtr, Chrysopolis, now Scdtari, the Asiatic suburb of 
Constantinople, on the eastern shore of the mouth of the Bosphorus. 

17. xdxiop iaxi diaxtvdvvttfti,Vj it is mxyre hazardous to encounter 

danger, «i? talnhv i.X&6vraq, having come into the same place s= 

having united our forces. xoiv^ .... Kx^a&cu, to muke common 

cause in effecting our safety. JtxtaOxu with the genitive signifies, to 

cleave to, to keep hold of. Cf. Mt § 330. 6 ; S. § 179. 1. naqa- 

axtvaaafitvovq trv yvaifiriv, having come to the determination. wq 

pvv — ^rjTif, that now is the time, 

18. tovq fifyaXfiyo^'^aavraq w? nXtov (pQovovvxctq, those who boasted 

of having wisdom superior to us. xa7iuvQaai.,to humble* This 

beautiful sentiment reminds us of a letter of the Sultan Barsebai, 
quoted by Stocker (N. on Herod. VII. 10. § 5) from De Sacy's Chres- 
tom. Arab. " These are the words of the Most High : ' How many 
times has it not happened by divine permission, that a small troop 

has vanquished a numerous army !'" anh rwv &tCv agxofi fvowe 

= beginnmg every enterprise by asking counsel of the gods 

19. i(p oaov xaXviiq (Ixfv, ai far as it was proper. inmaqiov 

c«?, going up, Cf Thucyd. V. 10. § 8, with Bloomfield's note. 

fl sr ol oTzXltah by its opposition to the preceding ol ntXrcb' 

22. iXdvS-avov .... ytvofttvot, found themselves unawares upon the 
tiill, iTtoXtoQxovvto has the force of the pluperfect. 

23. t£v xataXfXdfiivtav, i. e. the old men and women, spoken of id 
ihe preceding section. 

24. xara .... hdov, in the way leading to Calpe. wpUop^ro <2c 

»c aitb, i. e. avvtfii^av aXXriXoiq, Krflg. 

25. tovTo, i. e. an attack upon them by night 
2^ »» naq iifilv, our situation. 

Cha». it.] notes 365 


1. xfj iv xfi *Aal(f. The Thracians had long before this crossed 
over on the Asiatic side of the Bosphonis, and spread themselves 
in the fertile plains of Mysia and Phrygia. 

2. Kal T^iri^ti, .... 7i).ov(;, The idea is, that the distance from 
Byzantium to Heraclea, could only be rowed by a galley in one oi 
the longest days, rj^foaq nXovq is like our expression, ' a day's saiL' 
ixnCnxovxaqy being shipwrecked. 

3. h rfi &aXdttfi 7t{)ox((fj.fvoVf extended into the sea = a prom- 
ontory. TO ft^v — xaO-TJxovy o Sh nv/fiVj and to 5* ivrh^ — /w^rci' 

are in apposition with Tt^wxtC^ifvov /wo^or, as parts subjoined to a 
whole. Mt. § 432. 3. ^orr/, however, may be supplied after these nom- 
inatives. at'/'/*'? ^^c^ of land. The foundation of this metaphoi 

is obvious. ivtoq rov av//ro? = comprised within the limits o1 

the promontory. 

7. ilq dh yfvoftfior. The usual interpretation, and one which 

IS adopted by Weiske, Zeune, Born., Pop., and Krug., is ** in loco qui 
facile futurus fuisset ojypidumP 

8. ini ravTTiv rriv fiia9-o(poQav^ for the sake of hire merely. The 
demonstrative pronoun here expresses emphasis. Cf. Mt. § 472. b 

oi [i\v xal ar^ijaq ayovxfqy oi dh xal TtgoqarriXwxoreq /^i/^ara. The 

text is so obscure, and the efforts of distinguished critics have proved 
BO fruitless, in restoring what may be deemed the true reading, that 
I shall only adduce Bornemann's solution, which on the whole seems 
preferable, viz., to reject av^oaq from the text and read, ol fiiv xal 
ayovTf?, oi S^ xal TtQoqavrjlatxortq /v^/^aara, some bringing their for 

tunes with them, and others having already spent theirs. toi'tw* 

?T<^>ot, others of these. Kruger regards Vtt^oi as here implying com 
parison, others than these. Cf Mt. 5 366. d; S« § 186. 2. noXXa 

xaX ayaS-a 7tudtxfi,v=^ had amassed great fortnnes. 

9. avvoSov depends upon iMXTi-'^a. S. § 186. 1. — rovq vfxQovq^ 

i. e. tho^e who had been slain by the Thracians. xal ovx olov x. 

t. X. Decomposition had so far progressed, that the bodies could not 

be removed from the place. lO^ai^'ap .... xdXXtara, they buried 

with all the honors their circumstances would permit, U rojv v/raiJ- 
;^oi'Toji', according to their means. Cf ix twv Swaraip, TV. 2 § 23. 

11. xara /oioai' , , , , arodrfVficiy that the armysliould resume the 
same order, which it had before the defection of the Arcadians. 

12. "HSvi^ immediately. 'Hfidq, i. e. tlie generals. tX 7tor$ 

AXXottf if ever at any other time you were prepared to fight 

356 NOTES. [Book VI 

13. fAia&widfitPoqf having hired. '^ ft>i,a&6w, I let outf fiiaO-ovfiaC n 
I cause to let out to myself, i. e. Ihire.-^ Butt § 135. 8. 

16. fiq TQlq^ as many as three times, Cf. Vig. p. 226. XIV. 

o tx^^^^^ ^XO^o¥, which they had when they came. 

18. wq. . . . on. MatthifB (§ 539. 2) cites this passage as illustra- 
live of his remark, that " sometimes the construction of a proposition, 
which properly is independent, is connected with a parenthesis," on 
here depending upon rjxovaa, Poppo and Kruger. however, find here 
two modes of construction combined in one proposition, the writer pro- 
ceeding with oT», as though he had not commenced with mq. Cf. Mt 

19. fit} .... hgCiv, since the sacrifices were not propitious. 

20. axtSov .... argtnta^ almost aU the army, dta .... naatvy 

because it concerned all. 

21. Xaojq .... fjfiiv, perhaps the victims may be favorable to us. Cf. 
Thucyd. V. 54. § 2. 

22. TTQo^v/itla&ai et t* iv rovrw tXtj, Of the various solutions 
given to this troublesome passage, that seems most satisfactory, which 
supplies axoTttip before fl (Mt § 526), and refers tovt^^ to t« ^vfiati 
understood from i&^vovro: to pay close attention to the circumstances 
attending this sacrifice. 

24. ov fitlov TtfvraxoaCovf:. Bornemann, following the common 
reading, inserts ^ after fitlov. For its omission, cf Mt § 455. Obs. 4. 

25. rgtaxovrd. Kruger edits nevri^xovray on the ground that t^*- 
mxovta would make the number too smaill. But it should be remem- 
bered that prompt assistance was needed, and hence the young and 
active were selected for the relief-party. 


2. ^TTflo^m, sc itga. This sacrifice was ofiered by generals be- 
fore setting out on an expedition, in order to ascertain from the accom- 
panying signs, whether the enterprise would be successful or not 

4. *E7tft ^ . . . . avTovq, when the captains and soldiers of Neon Tiad 
left ( Weiske, vellentrelinquere, but Born, more correctly, reliquissent) 
them, i. e. Neon and rhv di ox^ov xat rot arSgaTtoSa. 

7. t^o) rwv xwfiwv, outside of the villages so as not to be molested 
by the enemy. h'Toq t^s (faXayyoq, within the phalanx. No par- 
ties were permitted to leave the lines for the sake of plunder. 

9. Xo/ovq q)vXaxaq^ companies of reserve. oi noX^fiiot. . . axtQatovq, 

the enemy, when thrown into disorder by the main body of the Greeks, 
may meet these bodies of Teeexv^ bem^ in ^ood order and vigorous 

Cha*. v.] notes. 3b'i 

axtfiaCovq, literally, not having mixed with the combatants ; heiica 
fresh^ vigorous for action. 

10. otq fifi tarijxoifiev, 80 thai we may not he standing stilly which 
would appear to the enemy the result of fear. 

13. o Tfr . . . . 7toQila¥f what it was which stopved the march. S« 
§ 140. 3. 

14. ovSeva .... iO-eXovai^ov^ have never led you into unnecessary 
(literally, voluntary) danger, ngo^tvita, to be the ngo^fvot; of one, to 
introduce one to another, as a nqoUvo^ would, the citizen of a state 
connected by hospitality ; hence tropically, to lead one into a place or 
situation. As parallel to xCvSwov i&iXovaiov, cf. kxovonav xivdvvfay^ 
Thucyd. VII. 8. § 3 ; avB-MqHovq xtvdvvovq, VIII. 27. § 3. There are 

some, however, who prefer to join i&eXovaior to the preceding /le. 

ol yitq .... avdQHotfjrajfor I see you in no want of glory as it relates 
to bravery, i. e. glory cesulting from bravery. 

16. /ittapakXofiivovq, sc. xa oTzXa, with weapons turned away (lit- 
erally changed) = with the back to the enemy. 

18. To ^i . . . . a^iov ; since we must fight, is it not an advantage 
worth seizing upon^ to cross over and place a valley in our rear? The 
subject of this sentence is to — non^aaa&ai,. < eiinoQa, Some of 
the greatest masters in the science of war, have laid it down as a 

*rule, to leave open to the enemy a way of retreat, in order that they 
may not fight with the bravery of despair. 

19. tfHv aXXoiv wv $iant7ioQiVfitO-a. x^^^* ^7 attraction for xm9 
aXXiav xtogCtav a SiamTtoQivfii O-ou, 

20. &Qixff6fifO-a, fut. mid. shall support ourselves* 

21. olfavoi aXaioi refers to the eagle spoken of, § 2, supra. 

'Iwfitv inl Tovq avdgaq. The asyndeton gives life and force to the ex- 

22. ^ . . . . £v, in whatever part of the vaUey each ime happened to 

be. tfi¥ y^(pvgap. This shows that the vdnoq was a marshy valley, 

or that in certain seasons of the year, water flowed through it, as in a 
XagadQa. Some think that ye<pvQav in this passage means nothing 
more than a narrow way. i^t/irigvopxo, they defiled. 

25. dqofiw Siwxtiv, to go running. The transitive sense of ^»«#»« in 
ihe more usual one. Cf. Butt. Lexil. No. 40. p. 232. 

29. ani&ofov 9 6Xfyo& refers to the enemy. 

3fi8 NOTEflL [Book Yl 


2. iXdfipavop ol i^iomq, i. e. the plunder belonged to those who 
took it Schneider added the article, which is retained in the beet 

3. xarijyov, sc. Ta« •'a??, brought their ships into port. 

5. TH'>5 olxofifvoi, ctAAo* oiXXfj. The readings of the MSS. are va 
rious. The text is Dindorf's, which Poppo approves, and whicn dif 
fers only from Schneider's reading in the substitution of aXXoi for aX- 
Xoq. Born, proposes nr^q oixofuvoi aXXoat, which gives no suitable 
sense to the passage. The conjecture of Krtig. is worthy of consider 
ation, that xal should be placed afler oixofuvot^ making aXXoi tiq to 
5^0? refer to a party, who had gone to the mountain (VI. 4. § 5) for 

wood, there being no villages whence plunder could be taken. 

tlXfj(pg(jav refers to inl Xdav xiv^q oixofitvoh who it seems had strag- 
gled away from the main body, and fallen in with large flocks of sheep 
pastured upon the mountains. 

7. TTtQiTVXbiv, falling in with* ayaxaAorrr*? rov nQod6tf}Vf 

crying, the traitor ! The article implies that Dexippus was the one, 
to whom of all others the epithet 7t(joS6tfiq belonged. Cf. Mt § 268, 
p. 470 ; S. § 139. N. 2. 

8. ravta yn'^a&ai is an adnominal genitive after atxio¥. For the 
omission of the article, cf. Mt. § 542. 6. 

9. axO-ea&dq being chagrined. 

10. xov aq^avxa pdXXfiv, i. e. tlie ringleader of those, who attempt 
ed to strike Dexippus. 

11. iia re'Xovq = dia navtoq, continually, during the whole time of 
the expedition. — ^f ol, i. e. on account of his friendship for Xeno- 
phon. Ttaq oXfyoVf of little account. (pavXov, small, trifling. 

13. oJto«, Oleander, who was then harmostes of Byzantium. Cf. 

VI. 4. § 18. dvofiovq, lawless, i. e. not subject to law, as bandits, 

robbers, &c. olxoq o Xoyog, this report concerning our lawless- 

15. fyoi fikv olv is repeated in this sentence, in consequence of the 

parenthesis commencing with xa* yog axoi/o). v(jtaq t^? €dr(aq, 

S. § 180. 2. xara^txa^oi ffiavxov. S. § 183. R. 2. r^^ 

iaxdrrjq 9Cxfjq, 1. e. death. 

18. fiTj M^ti — TToXffiBire, In prohibitions or entreaties, the aor- 
ist subjunctive or preseiil \mpetakt\ve follows fitj, according as the ac 
Hon is to be expressed as mom^TvXax-^ «t ^Qsx'toaft.^* ^^.Butt {1481 
3; Mt. §511. 3; S. §§215.^-. ^^a^^* 

Chaf. VL- notes 359 

22. i(f S t^ifor the purpose of, Ji^nnw. The repetition oH 

his name gives emphasis to the treachery charged upon him in ano- 
Sfidvxa and TzgoSovra, 

23. TO iTzl xovtwj as far as it depended upon him, aTtolotAa- 

fitt "aliquanlo vividius est quam si dixisse ajzwXo/ie&a af." Krug. 
— "Hxove yap, MqTzeg fjfitiq x, t. I, It appears that the first definite 
information respecting these impassable rivers, was received by the 
Greeks at Cotyora (V. 6. § 9), after Dexippus had deserted. Reference 
ji this place is therefore doubtless had, to some general report oi 
the difiiculties attending a journey by land, made to the Greeks while 
they lay at Trebizond. 

24. TovTov .... a<ptiX6fifjv,from a fellow of stick a character I res- 
cued the man. Cf N. on III. 1. § 30. 

27. li xcU may be rendered although^ when as here the apodosis is 

28. JVa .... fifiSfti;, thai no one might noise it abroad, T0T5 Xt}- 

araXq refers to the party who had taken the ttqo fiat a (§5, supra), and 
wished through the aid of Dexippus to keep them as private booty. 

30. jQaxovTioy, The same who presided over the games, IV. 8. 
( 25. The reader cannot but sympathize with the army in the inter- 
est which they felt for Agasias, than whom, to no captain were they 
more indebted for the retreat, which they had so successfully and 
gloriously made. 

34. rw 2iWf i. e. Castor and Pollux. a*T^i — % other /Aon. 

different from. 

36. alio, yfdlihtn, — - U%lo^ L e. at Byzantium. 

J60 NOTEi. TBmk WU 



8. tl 6h fifi, otherwise, Cf. N. on IV. 3. § 6. — -^ ov ra/r i^^gnu, 
is slowly creeping out. This ehows the reluctance with which the ar- 
my left the town. 

11. oTi . . . . ahidafxait that he should blame himself for the coii- 
•equences. The threat 1$ designedly ambiguous. 

13. KvvCanot;* " Haud dubie Laco qui in Chersonese helium cum 
ThracibuB gessit" Zeune. 

17. T^f xn^h^ (literally, the claw) here signifies the projecting 
stone work, which protected the walls next to the sea from the force 
of the waves. By clambering up this mole, the soldiers were enabled 
to scale the walls and enter the city. 

19. Moy, i. e. within their houses. So Weiske. 

20. XaXxriSovot;, now Cadiqjua {KaSCTnolov) opposite Constantmo- 
ple, on the northern shore of the Marmora. 

22. *^U* tl xt Xe'yfTi* By apparently acceding to the wishes of 
the army, Xenophon succeeded in restoring order, and prevented the 
soldiers from committing those excesses, which in the end would have 
proved fatal to their best interests. 

25. t/v . . . . /a^t JoJ^e^rt, but if we should indulge our wrath, i. e. 
give scope to our desires for vengeance. — — rijf ovdiv aixfav, in no 
respect to blame. a Harai ipriT&tv^^wJiat wiU be the CMisequencts. 

27. iv xfj TtoXti, i. e. iv rfi axgoTtoXn. Cf. Thucyd. II. 24. — - 
txovreq, having charge of, i. e. the cities here spoken of, committed 
tliemselves to the patronage and guardianship of the Athenians. 

30. rdiq tSiv ^EXXi^vwv .... Tvy;f ayiti*, by persuading the masters oj 
the Greeks (i. e. the Lacedaemonians), to endeavor to obtain your rights. 

flfioiq dti X. T. X., i. e. bv an impotent attempt to avenge your owe 

wrongs, you ought not to preclude yourselves from your own country. 

33. xa&rffiivtar, ^^ remaining in quiet ea'pedation.^^ Belf. axQa- 

rtf/iSff desiring the office of a general. tiq wf&ovlav = wp&ovtK* 

Chav. IL] IfUTES. S61 

39. MdXa fiohq, ^ rum sine magna diffiadtateP oiurz. 

41. ^Eml .... aur^, literally, hut when there wa>8 wanting much to 
him, i. e. when he fell far short of having enough provisions, so that 

each soldier might have one day's allowance. a7ie$7tmp, r«- 



3. ta oTtXa a7to^d6fityo$^ selling their weapons, 

5. oaov ov nagelij, literally, he was only not present =* he was air 
most present. The phrase is elliptical : he was only so mnch wanting 
as was necessary to make him not present Cf. Butt. § 150. p» 434. 

7. xarct rd avyxt^fifva, according to agreement, Cf VII. 1. § 2. 

*Ava^ifi(ov fii¥ fjfifkTiaf, A merited recompense for the treachery 

and cupidity of the Spartan admiral. 

8. UfQiv&ov, PerinthuSj a city of Thrace, W. of Byzantium, now 
called EreklL 

9. wq Siafiriaofitvoi, hoping to cross over. Cf. N. on I. 1. § 7. 

10. ainw .... Tielatir, saying what he thought (i. e. making such 

promises as he thought) would induce him. ovd^v .... ytrf'a&a*^ 

none of these things, or nothing of this sort was possible. Cf N. on I. 
3. § 17. 

12. fngarte Ttegl nXoCia¥^ negotiated for vessels. 

18. nvqoiii ^Qtifioiq, i. e. fires having no guards around them. 

20. avanfi9f{aavri<i iSCtaxovj leaping upon their horses, they gallop* 
ped away to inform Seuthes. 

23, x/^oTot otvov TtQovTtivov, thcy drank to one another in a horn oj 

26. "I^* vvv, come now. wpi^ytiaai. Xenophon here calls upon 

Medosades, to report to Seuthes the reply made to his proposal% 
which Medosades does in the next section. 

29. Nvv xoCwvy now then. 

30. ah iX^uiv eini, do you go and say to them, 

33. ih .... anopUrcioVn^ looking for sustenance to the table ofanath' 
er. — — i9dlq)Qio^ as Er&g. remarks, is equivalent to ottotgdx§i»^. 
Cf. { 38, mfra. 


NOTEflL [Boos TH 


2. oShv iaaai, not to go^ literally, to let alone the way. 

3. olroq dh o avroq. Some MSS. and editions omit the article 
which would give the signiGcation, hie ipse, instead of hie idem, a 
sense which the passage evidently demands. 

4. rovto fiovXivaia&t, i. e. "utrum Aristarcho parendum an eun- 
dum sit ad Seuthen." Weiske. 

5. oi f[Ttovq, those who are weaker than you, — tk = ?x«<rro« 
(i. e. Seuthes and Aristarchus), S. § 148. N. 1. 

7. 7z).tCara)v axovovrwvy in the hearing of as many as possible. 

dt'T^, i. e. Xenophon. 

8. vTto .... i^fvCa&ai, we shall think ottrselves hospitably entertam' 
edhy you, 

10. Tce vofiiiofitva, that which is customary. Cf. VII. 2. § 36. 

f^o), in addition to. a^^aafo avxoq. S. § 144. N. 2. tva tav- 

ta Stati&ffifvoq, in order thai by the sale oj it. 

11. ditaxfiv xal fjicMttveiVj topiirsue and search out, 

13. jiffc^aiv yaQ tXij. For the omission of on before this optative, 
cf. Mt. § 529. 3 ; S. § 216. N. 4. tvQfifia. Cf N. on II. 3. § 18. 

16. fffo^TOj sc. oTi from the preceding context Cf S. § 216. N 
4 (second paragraph). 

17. xal (V xal xaxw5 noitlv is regarded by Bloomfield (N. on Thucyd. 

VIII. 82. § 3), as almost an adagial expression. cifui^ov vfuf if- 

Kt£aitat, it will be disposed of more to your advantage. 

18. roTridaq^ carpets, Totavta n^iovfjivaxo, ^^ talibus verbis hoT" 

tatus dona captabat^ Weiske. 

19. aAAo» rotp vfittfQmv. Zeune thinks that Alcibiades is here al- 
luded to. Cf Com. Nep. Alcib. VII. 4. See also Hell. II. 1. § 25. 

21. xa&rifiivoiq. The Thiacians sat at their meals, instead of re* 
dining as did the Greeks. 

22. oaov fiopop ytvaaa&ai, sufficient only for a taste. 

23. (payslv dfivoq, a very great eater. — ^— fXa xctlgtiv, paid no re- 
gard to. tqi^xoCvixov, A xotn^ waa one day's allowance. 

29. fi^ij .... irvyx^^'^ffor he had Oy chance now drank rather tm» 

30. roxTovq == here, S. § 149. N. 1. 

32. fiaydSi, The magadis wsus a sii mged instrument of great 
eompass, introduced oi\gvi\^.lVY into Greece from Asia Minor. The 
one luped by Anacreon \» e»i^\o>rt»N^V»Av«^Yi^ %\x\cv^v 

Chaf. IV.] NOTES ^(>3 

45 on . . . difi, thai you will not neea me alone^ i. e. that I alone 

without the troops can render you no essential aid. dQafiourtoh 

fut middle derived from the supposed theme APEMSl. Cf. Butt 

Irreg. Verbs, p. 247. 

46. Hooxalt. Carmichael (Gr. Verbs, p. 287) derives t^o/oEw 

from T^oj^otw, an Epic form of r^fX(o* 

47. tddf dfi, sc. iariv, those things have happened. h'Vf*"h i- ®- 

without leaders, and apart from the main army. avatdrrf^ 

d3-Q6ot> nov, collecting somewhere. 


4. dXtiTtex^dctq, caps made of foxes* skins. S«»9«5- Thcbe seem 

to have been a kind of cassock enveloping the inner garmenti 
as an additional protection against the cold. 

5. xa¥ cUxfiotXwtiov, sc rtvaq, xal (before Tourwf), cdso " sicut 

ilk)rum vicos de quibus dictum est § 1, supra." Weiske. t« 

Xi/iw, which would follow the burning of their villages and provisions. 

7. 'Eniad-fvfi<;. This person must not be confounded with the Am- 
phipolitan Episthenes, who commanded the targeteere at Cunaxa (I. 
10. § 6), and to whose care the Armenian youth was committed (IV 
6. § 1.) 

10. /iriifxfgov, neither. 7iB(}dafiwVf embracing. 

11. ip ,,., SQ(fil^ among those called the mountain Thradans. 

12. iv toiq attyvoXq, in the covered places = in the houses. 

13. fiyyvato, pledged himself to them, became security. 

15. i(f>aaav refers to the Thynians who were captured. mc 

aTroxoiffovrtq, in order to break off. 

16. ixvtv tfdfi wq oxttaxaldtxa. Schneider thinks that Xenophoa re- 
marked on the age of this youth, because the st:ength of a full grown 
man was requisite for blowing the trumpet 

19. rolq TtQuxoiq, in relation to others of Seuthes's men, who cama 
up afterwards. 

21. tQiTsXaaiav dvvafitv^ i. e. three times the number of troopff ha 
had| when the Greeks first became his allien. 


5. &q dtl xi^dia&ou Siv&oi\ tc care for the intereais o^ Seuthet tm 
you ought. ti fifi dXXfaq iduvwy if you could Kaoe eJwileA t1 v«i^ 

364 NOTES. [Book YR 

Bloomfield (N. od Luke 22 : 36) says, by which a thing is counBelleH 
to be done at any rate. Cf. Thucyd. VIIL 81. 

8. arrw, i. e. Xenophon. -^— if$hfir7jxo refers to Seuthes. 

9. ?rt aio), further tip from the sea-coast into the interior. 

13. (iTrj'fnq .,,,Xrftl^ovrai, the sense Ib, having defined their ret' 
vective limits with pillars, each plunders the wrecks which fall within 
Ms section. The following extract from Perkins's Residence in Per- 
lici, will illustrate the dangerous navigation of this pait of the Euxine. 
' \Ve left the Bosphorus and entered the Black Sea about noon. A 
iiick, damp fog Ftill filled Ihe atmosphere, and vividly impressed us 
with tlie appropriateness of the appellation — Blacky or dark. Sea. 
From the head of tlie Eosphorus, the shores, on both sides, recede at 
•ight angles, and, as a bend occurs in the Straits a few miles below, 
;t is almost impossible for vessels coming down to find the entrance, 
especially when the fog prevails. Terrible wrecks occur there, in al- 
most every storm. Beclouded in mist and fog, the doubtful mariner 
creeps along, and uncertain, yei hoping, that he has gained the en- 
trance is decoyed into some treacherous nook and dashed in a mo- 
ment upon the foaming rocks. There are few points in any sea nav- 
igated by Europeans, which are so perilous." p. 83. 

3. naqoLYuv, so. the Lacedeemonian ambsissadors. inl {r«^ 

SC xqaTtft^fi, 

5. ^A^* ovv .... anayny^^^ vsill he not then he opposed to our lead- 
ing away the army 7 In his note on ^ga firj, Soph. Electr. 446, Prof. 
Wooleey cites Buttmann's acute observation (Index to Plato's Four' 
Dialogues, 4th ed. Berlin, 1822) under <3^a, " dga fitj. sicut ^i} solum, 
interrogat in re incredibili, ita tamenut Uga addatfere aliquam sollici- 
tudinem, sive veram sive fictam, ne forte ab altero affirmetur." 
Cf. Mt § 608. Obs. 3. 

15. TtfQl wv = ixeCvo)v TttQt wp, of which equivalent, ixtlrtar limiu 
eUr£ar, Sturz makes mgl i/v s ntfjl ixtivwr ntgl £r. 

16. T« Tf/roc^e**', that I hamng received your pay from Seur 

thes^ am managing to deceive you, -^— ^v ■= ixiCvttv a, of which hd- 
9mv depends on axtqoixo. S. § 181. 2. 

17. ^av . . . . xQ^f*<^f^i if you exajdfroflm, him the money, 

19. (ATI ,,,, tvioi, no, not even as much as some of the captains. 

20. xf\v yvti/ifp^. Xenophon uses a mild expression because Sen* 
tties was present 

2h o^tw]^ Cf. N. on n. 3. $ 22. 

.WULT. VII.] I^OTFS. 366 

22. ttye .., . (pvXaxfiy ^ si qua est ah amicis cautio,^ KrAg. 

23. roxnov havxCoVf in the presence of this man, 

24. TtQoqCoirt. The common reading is ^r^o^^iyr*, which Mt (§ 525. 

d) disapproves, because a repeated action is spoken of. otaty. The 

Attics seldom use this form of the compound relative. Cf Butt. § 77« 
N. 4. 

36. xaraxexayoreq. The common reading is xaraxavorrtq, Cf. 
Butt. Irreg. Gr. Verbs, p, 157 ; Carmichael Gr. Verbs, Obs. sub voce 

itteCfo) f Mt. § 498. p. 836. fp tw fiegei xat Ttaga to fi^goq, " cum 

qffiicio sua functus turn prceter officii necessitatem.^^ Zeune. These 
words correspond to our phrase, Hn turn and out oftumJ* 

41. i^out&a, avtoti, we shaU lay hold of him. 

43. i¥ a^ro^^ijT^ Ttotfiadfttvoi;, having enjoined secrecy. 


3. UgoX^yofiiVf we forewarn, d dh fitj, otherwise. 

6. fjlXlioVj remained, literally, encamped in the open air, Cf. 
II. 2. § 17. 

7. xttTot xodroq. Krug. concurs in Weiske's conjecture, that these 
words should be placed before /oi^a?. But if ^/ot^rwy be substituted 
for ixovrmv, the difficulty, resulting from the present collocation, dis- 

8. ovx oTttjq, not only not. On this phrase, cf. Butt § 150. p. 433 ; 
Mt. § 623. 

14. ra $Cxaiaj their wageSt literally, wh^ isjustf or rfi*e. 

15, X/ytiv, Supply X/yt 9ij. The first of two contrary conditi/m- 
al propositions, is sometimes found without the apodosis. Cf. Butt. 
§151. IV. 4; Mt. §617. a. 

22. /T^wTov .... xaraar'^aarrotq^ for in the first place, I know that 
next to the gods, these have made you distinguished, literally, have set 
you in a conspicuous place. 

24. 7zXavo)fifvovq, wandering about, " Significanier pro oi'ra?." 

Weiske. rovroiv .... p(ay the words of these are not less effectual 

*o accomplish what they desire, than the force of others, 

29. ardyxfif by necessity, is opposed to (piXCif. 

33. iyxaXoiaiv, they demand inpayment. This verb is used of a 
creditor summoning the debtor into court, in order to obtain judgment 
m his favor. 

40. Alaxghv yaq ^Pffor it would have been disgraceful. For the 
omission of <lf , cf Mt. § 508. Obs. 2; S. §213. N 2. 


366 NOTFS. [Boo« TIX 

47. aol 7n^i/***ovq ivn^yeaCav, having been Jvrat to show you kind- 
ness, Schneider says, that ngoia&ai rtvl evigyiaCav is significantly 
said, " cum quis prior beneficium confert in aUquem, incertus an gra- 
tiam apud ilium sit initurus." Cf. Plato's Gorgias. 520. C, with 
Woolsey's note. 

51. Taita olov tf, it is impossible that these things shouUi be so. 

53. aXi! fj fitxi^ov Tt, except a very little. 

5i. rlvoti h^^^f whose talent shall I say 1 have? i. e. I shall b** 

obliged to distribute this talent (thy present) also, and then say I have 

ncbody^s talent in my possession ; I shall lose it rovq ndtfjov^. 

Cf. VII. 6. §10. 

57. 01' Tii^oqrinj did not come near the Lacedsemonian leaders w .3 
were distributing the money among iJie soldiers. His object was te 

avoid censure, by abstaining from all psu*tic)pation in the affair. 

cTxaSf, i. o. Ml? nXxaSf dmtar, Krtlg. 


3. Traof nrrijaaTo, placed by his side, caused tc stand near. 

4. *Eft7z66toq^ obstacle, hinderance. o).oxavtiii', to offer a holn- 

caust, i. e. to burn the whole victim upon the altar. 

6. neJtQaxfrai, perf. infin. of 7ii7t(idaxu, Xvaaifitvot, ransomit^, 

redeeming, which is thUkleading sense of At'win the middle. 
9. aiToi', i. e. Xenophon. 

20. aijpvXaxrtlr, sc. roifq noXtf/iCovq. 

21. ix^vaaiq, reaching to. 

26 Zeune estimates the whole distance travellftd 1039j- StioB 
milce 3Rch « 2^ British miles. 












s 2 


w "^ 






I From Sardis to the river Msander, L 2. ^ 5. 


CeisnsB, ^^ 7-9 

PeltflB, ^ 10 . ^ 
Kfgafioiv ayogw, ^10 
Plain ofCaystrus, ^ 11 
Thymbrium, ^ 13 . 
Tyriaeum, ^ 11 . 
Iconium, 6 19 
Through Lycaonia, ^ 19 
Dana or Tyana, ^ 20 
Taraiis, ^ 23 . 
River Sarus, 4. ^ 1 
River Pyramusy 4. ^ 1 
Usus, 4.^^1-3 . 
Pvl» SyriiB, 4. 6 4 
Myriandrus, 4. ^6 . 
Chalus, 4. ^ 9 
River Daradaz, 4. f 10 
Thapsacus, 4. ^ 11 
River Araxes, 4. ^ 19 
Cor8ule,5. ^^ 1—4 . 
Pylae Babyloniae, 5. ^ 5 
Through Baby onia, 7. ^^ 1-14 
• Battle Grourei, 8. ^ 1. 10. ^ 1 
Night March to Ariaeus 

^This march is not inchided in the enumeration made in 
the note oti II. 2. ^ 6. 



























22 . ^ 

8 ■ •" 











KA>(ai er ruoa*. 



, .. .». y...»u>, 1., 2.613: 3. M 10, IT; 1. A 1 . . 

IWiHofMadi*. 11.4.413 

Sitars on ths Htsf Tigr», II. 4. 6 13 . 


.Throuih MediH, [[, 4. ^27 

Rirer'2ahBlus,II.4. 428; 5.41 

fillagi^i »hFre thEV enrelled ■Imgsn, &o., IIL 3. 4 11 14. S 1 


Meapi]a,l|[.4. 41a 

[VillBgffli, 11.4,4413-19 

rniroughlhaPlaln,J11.4. 4IB ... 

■Villugeu where the Wflunded wan Mkcndua of, DI. 4. i^i 

fThmogh ih« Plain. HI. 1. 431 

NiehtMareh, III. 4. 43T 

mil.fe.inthBp|»in, HI, 4. 437—5.41 .... 

iReturn March, III. 5. 613 

IThmiigh (he Cantunhian Mu. IV, 1. tS— 3. 4B . 
iThiough Ihe Plain o! Armenia, IV. 4. 1 1 . 



iTfinnightlie Plain to Villages, IV. 4. 47 

Tu Ihe Pnas, IV. 3. 47 

Knaletn Branchoflhe Euphralea, IV. 5. 43 . 
ThroUEhtheanow, IV.5. 43 ...... 

Refre.liniBfll Villagea, I V. S. 4 7—6. 4 1 ... 

iWiih the Kufidoxm, iV- 8- *a 

.RiverPhaai.{iheArrat), IV, e. 44 . . ■ . 

iMounUins DCcupied b; the 1^t<>cbl«^■, &o., IV. 6.4S-S7 . 

[Tlirough Ihe countr>- of Ihs Taochi, iV. 7. 4 1 

iThrough Ihe Chaljfhian oouolry, IV. 7. 6 15 

.Through the Sorthinian connlry, IV. 7, S 18 . 

Gjinniaj., IV. 7. 4 19 . . . . . . 

MuiinlTheohoa, IV. T, H19,a0 

iThrough the Macronlaa country, IV. 8. U 1-8 . 
'Sirkn^aa uamed bv lbs honey, IV. a. iiW-^ZZ . 
,^™pe2u«,IV.B.423. . . . . . . 


!'['a thg counliyof Ihe ^[l>a9y^<ei^ian9, V. 4. 92 . 
iThrough the Mossyntecian CDunlrv, V. 5. ( i . 

ChalyhiBn.,V. 5. SI 

Throiigli the Tibareniao country to Colyora, V. 5. § 3 

,By sea to Sinope, VI, 1. i% 14-17 

'By sea to Ilcraclea, Vr. 2. . . . 

jPortofCalpp, VI.3. 3 24 . 

{Chryaopolie, VI. a. 38 





The following rt erences to KtUiner's Elementary Greek Grammar, 
translated from the Germem, by S. H. Taylor, Principal of Philhpa 
Academy, Andover, Mass., have been prepared in compliance with 
the request ox man^ teachers, who have adopted that excellent gram- 
mar in their respective institutions. It is proper to remark, that 
KUhner's Elementary Grammar has been given to the American pub- 
lic since the publication of this edition of the Anabasis, which will ac- 
count for the omission of references to it in the body of the Notes. The 
references extend only through the first book, as it was thought that it 
would be better for the scholar to have full references in that portion 
of the work, and then dispense with them aHerwards, when he wr>uld 
be comparatively familiar with his grammar. The numerals refi r to 
the sections of the Grammar. 

Page 1. Jagelov, 158, 1. — Jlagvaajidog^ naidsg^ root of? 38. Why 
d omitted in Norn. 8, 3. — ylyvofiai, what is the syl. yil 123; root of? 
123 ; what letter syncopated in Pres. ? — Svo, 63 and R. 2. — yfoJie- 
gog, why w? 50, I. (a). — nqta^, 50, III. — nagfov^ 6, 3: 90, 1. — 
irvyxavs (form), 121, 16, (cons.), 175, 3. — avtov (govern, of), 160, 
S.—anidsi^e, 128, II. B.— ara/Ja/m, 119, 1: 142.— Aa/Joii', 121, 12. 
—TKraatp. 42. R. 3.— ^^cw, 125, 11.— aw/Jj^, 119, 1: 142.— TOf 
adtkqtov (article), 148, 3. — inifiovXtvoi (mode), 152, < and 181, 6. 
— avlXafi^ttvu^ 8, 5. — <y$ with part. 176. R. 2. — aJioxTeywv, Perf. of, 111, 
6. — onfog^ mode with, 181, 4. — Kvqu)^ 161, 2 (c), (/). — wpmvuto (tei ^\ 
152. R. 4 (c). 

Page 2. wff^', 6, 3 : 8, a—lavr^i, 161, 5 (a).— /Jap/J., 158, 6, 1, (b) — 
Sro'w, 181, 2.— Ti?y*£U. (art.), 148, R. 1.— w?, 52, p. 59.— Aa/5o* (modi ), 
181, 2. — nag^yyeiXB (long penult), 111, 4. — avdgag^ 36. — Tiaaaq}., 158, 2. 
—Mdrijov, 24 : 157. —nQoaiaO, 121, l.—aifT&v^ 158, R. h—i^'fiaXeif, 
7,3: 111,2: 117,2,— trvlXi^ag, 8, 3 and 5.— xov a^gol^Hv, 173, 1.— 
nifATtatv, 102, 5.— oJy, 176 (b).— aviwy, 158, 7 (a).—i7nfiovXijg, 158, 5 
(b).— Tiffffttcjp., 161, 2 (a) (/).— TioAf^ovyra, 176, 1 (d).— cuy, 182, 6.— 
t^v^ov, 158, R. 1(d).— TouT^, 161,2 (a) (a).— TOj^pva^y (art.), 148,4 

^ge 3. "EXlfivagj 159, 3 ( 1 y—tQupofiivw, 175. 3.— iu( with part 


17G. II. 'Z.—ufuaxaa', 158, 7 (a). — tig with numeral, 165, 2. — 0Vf»f;, 158, 
5(a). — tfVTw, 161, 2 (a) (a).— ixro*ow (impf.), 152, R. 4 (a) and (b).— 
noQtvta&ai^ 150, R. 1. — o «](jjf« tnQaTBVfui^ position of noun, 182^6.— 
n^oeoTi^fcci, 90, 1. 

Page 4. lewxou, 158, 7 (a).— Xo^oyra, 172, R. 2.— ^«aX€(r«, 98 (b). 
—qfvyudag^ 31 and 38. — vnoexofuvog, 120, 3. — i<p, 6, 3; 8,9. — navaaa&ai^ 
150, 3 (a).— ofxa^f, 53. R. 2.--<rT^aT«i;o^»'wv, 158. 3 (a).— w?, 165, 3.— 
ffi^xa, 126i 7.— ^|«Z«w«*, 119, 2.— ora^^ov?, 159 (6).— ^CBv//4fiyi?, 140, 
3. — ifieivw, 1 1 1, 4 and 5. 

Page 5. Xvpoi, 161, 2 (d). — ^ with Sing. Nora. 147 (d). — ^^t(uy, 

158, 5 (a). — ixh^Qivev^ 152, R. 4 (c). — fiovXoiTO, 183, 3 (c). — xov? wijr,, 
148, 3.—fii(Tov ToD, 148. R. 9.— ^cT, 97, l.—lijT*, 16, 1.— Jfcfo^ov, 148, R. 
7. — nod&v, 154, R. 1 (d). — ixdugai, 111, 4: 84, R. 1: 11,3. — KQ^fuxaai, 
139, (a), 2.— o^cy, 53, R. 2,-'iJiaxrj, 161, d.—afupl, with numerals, 167, 1. 
--Amaia, 159, 2.— <^ic«, 131, 2. 

Page 6. ^i^/« with part. 175,3.— ^^iog^, 175, R. 5. — ^xovra, 176, 1 
(c),—fi% 177, 5. — anodidivMj 84, 4 (a).— ;^wi5, 47, 2.— ^owat, 130 (f). 
— a^rcdowe, 131, 2. — eI/«, 87, 3. — avTijy, 57. — avyysvifr&M, 8, 4. — KiXia- 
ajj, 161, 2, (a) (a).— ofyw, 161, 2 (a) (a).— xe^aWg, 128, II. A: 139 
(a) l—dsri&rjvat, 125, 5.— Xv^ov, 158, 5 (a).— cTri^eT^at, 128. II. B.— 
avtilg, 161, 2 (d).— Ta/^oi^ 104, 2 (b).— cn^ai, 130 (f).— :r«A««, 29, 

R. c). 

Page 7. ^xxfxa^orp., 152, R. 2. — nQoflaXia^ai^ HI, 2 and 3: 117, 
2. Ttgotinov, 126, 7: 90, 1.— ^(raiTri;^^^^ 105, 4: 146, R. 2 (b).— 
Mttw, 8, n,—§aQPaQiMf, 158, R. 1 (c).— lqpu/»', 116, 3: 101, 3.— olix, 
167, R.— t^oi/aa, 126, 4.— ^av^atrf, 104, 3 (b): 8, 3 (/).— Tajf^tfy, 
8, 1 1 : 51, 1.— o^oy, 159, 3, (6).— owt^, 161, 2 (a) (^).— avTw, 169, R. 
1. — iiTthiHvtv^ 111, 2, 4 and 5. — or/uoltTo^, a/u^xoro?, 28, R. 3. — or^ 
itvfiati, 161, 5 (a). 

Page 8. wniQuUf, 154, R. 2: 161, 1 (b).— «^, 106, R. 5: 180, 5: 
188, 3.— ^(T^CTo, 121, 1 : 144, a.— o^cW, 158, R. 1. (d).— Ta/uniy, 30.— 
lilfoyTa, 175, 1 (a). — oJ, 158, 4. — iq>vXa%'tov^ 152, R. 4 (b). — xariftatvtv, 
152, R. 4 (a).— ^/^(?i/Toy, 8, 12 (b).— d«V^^(oy, 158, 5 (a).— ^X«wy, 30.— 
ifSQiixii, 90, 1. — svdalfAOva^ 50, IV. (b). — ^fieVi?? t??, 148, R. 9. — ovofui, 

159, (7), and R.—Kvqov, 158, 7 (/J).— ctTrwXoyTO, 128, II. B : 138, R.— 
oS /uaV, 178, 5. — liqpacray, 135, 8. — xataKonijpai^ 104, 1 (b): 84, 4 (a).- 
ov dwafjiivovg, 177, 4 arid 5. — akXOf 60. — itnoXifr^ai, 84, 4 (a). — crv- 
tngationwv, 8, R. 4. 

Page 9. ovTS—ovTi, 178, 7—ovdsyl, 177, 6: 161, 2 (a) (/J).— xpeii- 
Tow, 52, 1.— lavroiJ, 158,7 (/iy—^suTs, 104, 3: 8, 3 (; ).— aiUfjAoir. 
161, 2 (a) (a). — ci^caxe, 131, 2. — vofdierai, 147 (d).— jjf^vaovy, 29 (ac- 
eentu.), — ^gnaafuya^ 106. — ?y, 185, (3). — ^fugag, 159 (6). — (rr^atietfTaif 
:a 3: 26, 4 (a).— owe, 7, 3.— wai, 137: 172, 2.— ^/^laCcro, 152. R. 4 (d). 


— IJJttiXoF, 162. R. 4 (a).— ^|89v/« ^^ 177, 7—syvm^ 122, 5: U2.— 
dwrjasraij 180, 4. — <rvyr,yay£v, 89, R.— /^woy, 159 (6). — i(rT(»<r, 134, 3 
— ^i}, 177. b,^i(ioi, 161, 6 (a). 

Page 10. "Mltivag yfjv, 160, 4 (^) and R. 3.—ineidi 184, 1.— ^xo^ 
Asi, 98, (b).— W, 181, 2.--ai9eAoV, 97, 4.— avd^ wf, 163, 1.— l7i«^oy, 
122, 12. — ftovUa&e, 125, 4. — ovfAnog,^ 8, 4. — (ptlUx^ 161, 3.— /^^o-^^/, 
97i 3.-6*, 187, 3 (9) b.--oI^a, 143.— ^w?, 182, 8 (b).— 7r«/(ro^a*, 122, 12.— 
i^slj 126, 7. — ag tiXofiriv, 186, 1 (a). — avy vfuv, 185, R. 4. — oiv sJvm, 
153, 2, d. — w, 183, 3 (b).— v/wwr, 158, 5 (a).— yaoy, 159, 3 (1).— w^ ^/uoC 
lo^To^, 176, R. 3. — (jpocti;, 188, 2 : 180, 5. — infivsirav, 98, (b). — nXclovg, 

52, 9: 35, p. 36. — xovtoig, 161, 3. — axQaTnarwv, 158, 5 (b). — w$ — tov- 
Twy, 176, R. 2.— «U(oi', 158, R. 1 (c). 

Page 11. avT4>, 161, 2 (a) (^). — ix€ivog,60: 169, R. 1. — adixeia&aif 
172, 2. — wffM 186, 1 (a). — fMxoattfmofdvoVy 176, 1 (c). — navxa, 159 (7). 
— iipBwiiivogj 88, 3: 175, 1 (a). — dsdiiog, vocab. dsldm. — fAtiy 177, R. — 
xa&tvdsiv, 125, 10. — fi/tuv, 158, 6 I. (b). — avTov, 158, 4. — trxeTrteov, 168, 

1 and 2. — aaqtaliinaTa, 50, III : 54, 1. — otiw?, 181, 4. — (isvovfisv. 111, 
5 and 112. — umfitv^ 152. R. 1.— Flo/ucy, 125, 11: p. 8, Note. — nollovt 
158, 7 (/). — ^ ay — f/, 182, 8 (b). — ini<nafiB&oc, 135, p. 165. — xa&t^tr&aii 
141, 2.— ;L€5oi^€?, 176, 1 {e).'-imdHxvvvTeg, 130(g).— o«a etrj, 182, 8 (d). 
ilia&ui, 126, 1.— fi/^i 177, 5: 185, 2 ( I).— crraxevafea^ai, 8. R. 4.— 
Ki'Qov, 160, 4 (a).— aTroTiAeoicy, 97, 1: 116, 3: 181, 2.— e«v— ^i% 185, 
(3). — Toixl(nTjp, 154. R. 2. — nQOxaTakru/j,, 176, 1 (e). — /uij, 177, 5.— 
(f&aaoiai, 181, 2. — fitiTe — fi^TB, 178, 7. 

Page 12. ovTO?, 169, R. 1. — aTQatriyrjaovta, 176, 1 (e). — fMr^d%ig, 
177, 5.-^/40* TovTo, 168, 2.—av9ql, 161,2 (a) (^).— fi^^rc, 143: 181, 2. 
— inlarafiai, with inf., 175, R. 4 (b). — rov aitBiv, 173, 1. — r)ye/i6v$, 161, 

2 (a) (^).— ^ av, 182, 8 (b) : 182, 6.— ^/uiy, 161, d.—oxvoitiv, 97, 4 : 185, 
R. i.—a—dolrj, 182, 8 (d).— /u^, 177, R.— T9ir;^«(rt, 161, 1 (c) (/J).— 
fpofiolfiriv, 185, R. 4. — oiyayr), 89, R. — Sxokto?, 176, 1 (a). — uniw, 176, 
1 (b).— ia^clv, 175, 3.— £/w/«, 64, 1.— 6/?^to, 97, 3.— JfiVo^g, 161, 3.— 
TOUT^, 161, 2 (a) (a). — t% nqoad-tv, 148, 8. — niUravxay 176, 1 (d). — 
47io>«vot, 176, 1 (c): 185, R. 4.— aJitoW?, 176, 1 (c).— i«/jy, 182, 8 (b>. 
^Uo^iB, 124, 3. 

Page 13. KvQov xa ^o|. 160, 4 (a). — or^ari^, 161,2 (c)(d). — axoi> 
oi, 188, 3. — axovoi with inf. 175, R. 4 (a). — ara&fjibvg, 159, (6). — xay, 
6, 2.— /piifeiy, 172. 2.^im&elvai, ISO (f).— to*?, 161,2 (d).— rov ^i^oft 
148, R. 6: 158, 4.-%oi, 180, 5: 181, R.—avj&v, 158, 7 (a).— o4 161, 
%.—Ti(T(raq>., 161, 5 (a).— Ki;(>qi, 161, 2 (a) (a).— wv, 158, 7 (a). 

Page 14. TovToiy, 158, R. 1 (b). — ovofia, 159 (7) and R. — vmg&tp, 

53, R. 2. — iq>H(TxrixtiTttVy 134, 3. — ano^i^aautv, 181,2. — nvl&Vj 157. 
158, R. 1 (d).— wcTo, 125, 20.— l^oyTa, 176, 1 (b).— oira, 175, 1 (a).- 
uv^tttdag, 65 (e). — avro^,^ 53, R. 2. — nUUrtov, 158, 7 (y). — Andifln' 


aw, 116, 3.—ttJii6rtag, 176 (e).— tfo, 96, 3 : 87, 3.— ^twxoi, 180, 5 18i 
R. — tgtrjgBtnj 161, 3. 

Page 15. optag, 176 (b),—Xfjq>&rivcii, 121, 12. — ahuiroivtc, 122, 1*. 

185, 2(1) and R. 1. — crt/xaXacraff, 8, 4. — anoXiXolTtaaip, 102, 4. — aJio- 
dsSgaKaiTiVj 122, 6.— oi^oi^a*, 152, R. 1.— iiLclv, 126, 1 : 186, 1 (a).— 
^6ov?, 159, 3 (4).— ^(»«l, 126, 1,—naqfi, 183, 3 (b).— /Joi/AiyTai, 183, 3 (b) 
— (rvXXaliiav, 8, 5. — avrovg, 159, 3 (2). — ioi'ten', 82, 3. — TovTftiv, 167.— 
trjg ngwr&er, 148,8. — «*-^, 185, 2 (1). — l/^cw, 158,5 (a). — ovs^^eov^ 
160, 3.—iv6(jitiov, 152, R. 4 (c).— tfcoy, 96, 3: 87, 3.—iaxnrow, 152, R 
4 (h).—IIetQWTatidog, 158, 2. — 2vQlag, 158, 7 (a). — q)Vovat, 142, 10.— 
fcaT<xaiMr<y, 116,3. 

Page 16. avio&i, 53, R. 2. — ovofiaTi^ 161, 4. — saoiTO, 180, 5. — «*^o- 
To;^ 126, 4: 176, 1 (c).— x^VTrrwy, 104, 1 (b).— w^a*, 172, 2.— ^ay^«^^, 
183, 2 (3). — xaXowTogj 176, 1 (b). — vnifrx^to, 120, 3.— ^owrwy, 131, 1.— 
?»w<r*, 183, 3 (b): 153, 2 b.— xaTaor^aj?, 183, 3 (b).— *ii;Ui?y«xoi/, 158, 
R. 1 (b). — Tioif^ovfuv, 152, 6. — «U(wi', 157: 163, R. — dtirai, 125, 5.— 
it^^i'aty 135, 2. — elya*, 183, R. — ipritphfavxai, 185, 2 (3). — tov dia^alvsir, 
173. 1 : 158, 7 (a). — clb-cra^ 143. — umfiBVy 152, R. 1. — TovfjmaXiv^ 6, 2- 
—SlXXov, 158, 5 (a).— T«v|f(T^c, 121, 16: 180,4. — Kvqov^ 158, 3 (b). 

Page 17. diafisfii^xotag, 175, 1 (a). — ^xratyaVrrc, 98 (b): 181, 4. — 
fitXfiash 125, 17.— /u« Kvgov, 160, 3. — dii/iaivs, 152. R. 4 (a).— aywTc^w, 
54, 2.— ^a(T^(i5v, 158, 7 (/J). — :T(uwod^,6,3: 8,9.— ouro?, 169, R. 1: 148, 
10 (g). — yivono^ ISO, 5. — ttcJ^, 161, 3. — nqdifav, 90, 1. — xaiexauaey, 
116,3.— vii??, 158. R. 1 (b).— oA//w, 52, l—iditoxoy, 152. R. 4 (c). 
— ^c(oxo», 183, 3 (c) (/5). — nQodga/jiovteg, 126, 5. — oly, 153, 2 (a) (/5).— 
iaiaeav, 134, 3. — nXi^a^exSitx, 183, 3 (c) (/5). — xavxov^ 60, R. — inolow, 
151, R. 4 (c). 

Page 18. iTnroi?, 161, 3. — x^sa, 39, R. — aXiaxo/uvajv, 122, 1. — cAo- 
ipsloig, 161, 2 (b). — iTtndojVf 157. R. 1 (c). — ndiovrai, 125, 23. 14.4, a 
—svQog, 159, (7) and R—avrfj, 161, 2 (d).— ^icpic^^Iro, 90, 1 : 8, 12. 
—Maffxa, 27, R. 1.— a7rwX«T0, 188, II. B : 138, R.— IttoiAow, 152. R. 
4 (c). — avTayogaC, 175, 1 (d). — nqlaa^ai, 135, p. 165. — aiyXfoy, 158, 7 
(y),—dvvatat, 135, p. 165.— o/JoAou?, 159 (6).— ^(T^/oyTc?, 126, 3.—^ 
tovrav, 182, R. 2.— <rTa^/u<i5y, 158, R. 1 (c). — vdutg, 47, lO.—fiovXoito, 
183, 3 (c). 

Page 19. aTgaxoif^ 158, R. 2. — kffxijxwg, 134, 3 : 175, 3. — dgufioiy 126, 
5: 185, R. 4.— ^ofTTOJ/, 51, 1: 8, 11.— ay ^o, 153, 2 (a) (/?).— AjAo^ 
»?y, 175, R. 5. — odov, 159, 2. — o(7o»-t<xtovt^i, 186, 3. — nXii&si, 161, 4. — 
rt^ dte(TJtd(T&ai, 152, Rem. 2. — noiolxoy 185, 2 (4). — noxafiov^ 157 or 
158, R. 1 (d). — inlfinXaaav^ 135,5. — ;;ifo^Tov, 158, 5 (a). — anxiu^ui^ 

186, 1 (a). — xocQcpijg, 158, 3 (b). — dti^ocivov^ 152. R. 4 (c). — nsnoi^fii- 
roy, 96^ 3. 

Pa^e20. MfivXfv, 111, 2.--XAf%fc^i, 161,2 (c) (/?)• -r^/iif^, 161 


1 (h),^<panttvit, 152, 4.— aviov, 57. — ijKtr, 152. R. 1. — a^lvr,, 161, 3. 
— avtov, 157. — TifAagtBy, 121, 2. — ^yoyaTOf, 39. — 'divrsg, 130 (g).—«>«iE. 
nXrjx^^f', 186, 1 (a). — iaraaotVy 134, 3. — ngayfAati, 161, 3. — Tigogiunf 
175, 3. — avTw, 161, 2 (a) (d). — KXeaQj^ov, 158, 5 (a). — oA//ov, 158, 5 
(a). — Inv&sjo, 121, 15. — to naXxa, To^/cl^a^, 148, 3. — niax&v^ 158, R. 
1 (c). — wJTfi, 143. — allrihiig^ 161, 2 (a) (a). — xorroxcxo^., 152, 7. 

Page 21. Ifiov, 158, R. 1 (d) (/J). — navaifitrot^ 150, 3 (a). — iixaj^stOj 
86. R.— fixaioy, 1 16, 3 : 152, R. 4 (a).— yayci, 161, 4.— TroAf/wta, 159 (7). 
— JleQcrmj 158, R. 1 (c). — e« dolrj, 185, 2 (4). — xmlwHs, parad. p. 81. — 
tov xaUiv, 173, 1 : 157. — idovtag, 126, 4. — ijloi, 188, 3. — nQotr&sv, 148, 
8. — ttvayvovg, 122, 5: 142. — avllafjt^.^ 8, 5: 121. 12.— (rv/xofAcI, 8, 4. 
UYayiiVy 89, R. 

Page 22. naqinuXiffB, 98 (b). — 'EXXrivouv, 158, R. 1 (c). — ano^^tov, 
8, 12 (b). — Xoyov, 158, 7 (a). — ngog d^t&v, 167, 6. — nqalta^ 181, 4. — tov- 
Tovi, 64, 5.— cJwxey, 131, 2.— ovto§, 169, R. 1.— ^/i*o/, 161, 2 (a) (/).— 
^o|(xt, 186, 1 (a). — TtoXsfiov, 157. — navtratT'd'oUf 150, 3 (a). — oS, 13 (d) 
— ovxot/i', 187, 3 (6).— jirw^oy, 159, 3 (2). — idvpoa, 135, p. 165. — 'dyviog, 
142: 183, 3 (a).— lyijcr^a, 135, p. 164.— ^;rt/Joi;A«i;a>y, 175, 1 (b).— ye/o- 
yofff, 123. — adixog, 172, 3. — ei ysvolfjiriv, 185, 2 (4). — vficiv, 158, R. 1 (<•). 

Page 23. unoqyrjvai, 84, R. 4.— TotTov, 148, 10 (g).— %, 181, 2 — 
^vAaTTCcr^aA, 150, R. 1. — fo))^?, 158, R. 2. — nQogsxvvow, 152, R. 4 (*•). 
— TrgogsxvvrjfTttVj 152, 10. — ovte-ovTS, 178, 7. — Tc^yf^xora, 122, 9 : 1/^2, 
R. 2. — otf^cfe 177, 6. — stxaiov, 86, R. — Iw, 30, R. l^—iiaxovfiivov, 1*76, 

1 (e). — xc^GD^, 39, R.: 158, 7 (a). — hi^Qf^* 164, R. 2. — vvyxaXifragf n8 
(b). — avd-QUTKiiVf 158, 5 (a). — anogrnVf 176 (b). 

Page 24. iXsv&sglag, 153, 7 (/).— ^?, 182, 6.— xexiijcr^c, 152, R. 2. 
—iXolfitiv avj 185, R. 4. — «IJ^Tf, 181, 2. — inlaaiv, 152, R. 1. — ^>lila, 1% 
(7). — ovToiVf 176 (c). — v^wv tov, 158, R. 1 (c): 148, 6. — Tciigoixoi, 161, 

2 (d).— xti'^tyoi;, 158, R. 1 {b).-'fis(jivriad'ai, 122, 11: 152. R. 2.— /le/i*. 
►^o, 122, n.—dvvota&ai av, 153, 2 d.— ou, 163, R.— toiJtwv, 158. R. 1 
(b). — j]v-^txri(T(afisv, 185, 2 (3). — toutow, 158, 7 (a). — didoixa, 186, 1 
(a).— ^/u^ ovx, 177, R. 

Page 25. ifininXag, 135, 5. — avrw, 161, 2 (a) («). — kavrm, 158. R. 

1 (d).--?9eTo, 125, 8.— or«, 82, 2.— y^ 159, 3 (4).— /i«;r»??, 158, 7 (a).— 
flfiegag^ 159, 3 (6). — noXsfjilwv, 158, R. 1 (c). — (TTQaTsvfiaii, 161, 1 (*•} 
Ta). — ^^iiVov Toi', 148. R. 9. — islxovg, 163. R. — giovaaif 116, 3: 97, 1. 

Page 26. nXtt, 116, 3: 97, 1. — duxXUnovfn, 147(a). — noTUfiov, l(rij 
R. — nQogsXavvovTa, 175, 1 (a). — raqp^ov, 158. R. 1 (d). — {/us^^, 161, I 
(b). — fifiigmv, 158, 4. — iav uXr^&svdrig^ 152. R. 3. — tov fxaxEa^ai, 157.- - 
inoQsvsTo, 186, 1 (a).— otiAoiv, 158. R. 1 (b).— c>i«U«, 125, 16.— olc, 16? 

2 (a) {/?). 

Page 27. Tra^etrxevaa/ieyoj, 106. — ar(f>hi> 56: 161, 2 (a) (/J).— !»♦• 
uBiTBia&atj 123. — T6, 178, 3 -Toi) agftatoi 148, 3.-^iM9aTO(, 39, R * 


158. R. 1 (b).— Ifl/t, 126, 1 1.— T«-jea/, 178, 3.— Xt^ov, I^. ft.— iraydl 
«%, 161, 3 —fifUQag, 158. R. 1 (b).— ^;'//I'«to, 152. R. 4 (a).— ^irpoi^ 
161, 1 (b). — riatgaTm, 152. R. 4 (a). — InTitig, 41. — ixofievoi tovtisw, 
158, 3(b). 

Page 28. ocnoistafiiva, 102, 3. — diaitontiiVf 186, I (a). — ivxvyx^^ 
oiey, 182, 8 (c).— ^Zawrow, 83: 119, 2: 176, 1 (e).~!fc;ai?at, 161, 2 (a) 
(•).— TOUTO, 159, l.—nl/QTiU, 148, 5 and R. 7.— cli?, 180, 5: 188, 3.— 
uav, 6, 2.—Tifuv, 161, 2 (d) (end).— to (isaov, 148, R. 9.— Kr^ov, 158, 
5 (b). — ovTo, 175, 1 (a). — Bvavvfiov, 157. — TotroiTov, 159. R. — nkr^&H, 
161, 4. — anoanvKTai, 98, (a). — (polSovfifvog, 150. R. 1. — ^/ur/, 177. R. — fii- 
Xoi, 180, 5: 188, 3. — e^fot, 181, 4. — nQor^u^ 137. — t^ auT^, 60. R, — clj 
187, (9) y^.—naqayyaXoi, 187. R. 3 : 188, 3. 

Page 29. elV?, 188, 3.— aid^ia, 159, 3 (6).— TroAc/utoicr, 161, 2 (a) (/J). 
— 7ro^«i;o/ueVwi', 176 (a). — q>dXayyog, 158. R. 1 {h).—d^6fua, 161, 3. — 
M&sov, 97, 1: 152, R. 4 (a).— «(m/<r4, 161. 3.— ISiJty«*(r^ae', 183, R.— 
tot /u«V, 178, 5. — ^vioxoiv, 158, 5 (a). — ngoi'doier, 183, 3 (c) (j8).— ^*/- 
tnavto, 152. R. 4 (c). — eWi-xawAijy^, 182. R. 2. — ixnlayBlg, 100, 1 (b). 
— na&iiv, 122, 12. — ovd«*^ otrdcV, 177, 6. — fTVPtaneigafiivtiv, 8, R. 4: 
101, 3 : 102, 3.— TTOi^act, 182, 8 (a).— ovtwv, 158. R. 1 (b).— yoju/Jw- 
tfff, 176, 1 (b). — aatpalsaraTtj^j 50, III. — avToav, 158, R. 1 (d).— c*-/^* 
Co»«y, 185, 2 (4).— av, 152, 2 d. 

Page 30. (nqaxiag^ 158, R. 1 (b). — xi^aroc, 157. — avx^, 161, 2 (a) 
(y). — ^^, 177, R. — ol-%aXovfitvQL^ 148, 6. — ^^y^'ffjfCTo, 91, 1. — Tra/c*, 152, 
4. — jreTTTWxoTtt, 123: 175, 1 (a). — tov I'tittov, J 48, 3. — ntgiiiBaiiv, 90, 1* 
123.— ^icryalat, 105, 2.^(ntaaafuvov^ 98, 1 (a) : 150, 3 (b). 

Page 31. ntga&v, 158, R. 1 (c).— t« xa/, 178, 3.— Trayiow, 158, R. 1 
(c). — navxa^ 159, 3 (7). — xaiafiu&oi av, 185, 2 (4) and R. 4. — ov&iv, 
177, 6. — ortig, 176, 1 (a). — aid7}(iovi(natog, 50, IV. (b). — ngw^vxigoig^ 
60, III: 161, 2 (a) (5).— VTroJccaTfi^wy, 158, 7 (/?).— l^/wv, 158,6 I. (a). 
^Aix/^, 161, 2 (c) (^). — inupegofispfiv, 150, 3 (a). — iT^eacy, 98, 1 (b). — 
uatBiTnda&t], 98, 1 (a).^ — xarixave^ HI, 2 and 3. — ra xa/, 178, 3 — or^- 
Tijyog, 146, 2. — Tiototro, 180, 5. — t^, 62 (paradig.). — anelaano, 8, 7* 
150, R. 3.— avy^oiTo, 134, 2. 

Page 32. avT^j 161, 2 (a) (d), — inUnsvov, 152, R. 4 (c). — aniura* 
mvov, 176, 1 (c).— Ttao-aqp., 161, 2 (a) (/).— Jkftilfla/ctfy, 157 : 163, R.— 
difo/iovvTOj 150, R. 1: 152, R. 4 (c). — av-nQodiio, 185, 2 (4). — /adovg 
62: 35, p. 36. — ngd^nav, p. 81. — dya&ov-avtov, 160, 2. — yorcpo^ lyv- 
frei()fltf/ieyo$, 175, R. 5. — J^y, 97, 3. — vixtati, 97, 4. — «y-£*7ro*, 185, R.4.— 
Bfa, 96, 3: 87, 3.— TraViwy, 158, R. 1 {c).—nod&v, 158, 5 (a).— !fcaii?n, 
161, 2 (d). — aJixotfTi, 176, 1 (c). — tt^o/oj^o/i} 97, 4. — iaJpa, 126, 4.— 
ns-X'ogag^ 182, 6 and R. 4.— <]patV«(r^at, 186, I (a).— avTw, 161, 2 (d) 
olbiTo, 183, 3 (c) (/?). — qfavBQog yifoiTO-^ovXofiBvog^ 175, R. 5. 

Page 33 ovr^^ 161, 5. — frtqaxiviAOJi^ 161, 3. — fycxo, 163^ 6.- 


', 116, 3. — ttigdog, 50, p. 56, rule of syntax. — avroi, 161, 2 (a) (^).— 
intfi^itrjasitv, p. 81. — ataat, 96,3 : 87, 3. — KvQta^ 161, 2 (d). — o^c^y}, 97 
4.— /oj(>a<?, 182, R. 4.— ov^fiVa, 160, 4 {p),—uV'affdktto, 153, 2 (a) (^).— 
nQogtdidov, 134, 4.— ^oVow, 152, R. 4 (c): 186, 1 {a).—KvQov, 160, 4 
(«). — 7tXovTOV(Tiv, 148, 6: 161, 2 (c) (ft). — itei^wfitvog, 175, 1 (b). — 
noifjaanOj 182, 8 (c). — ovtag, 175, 1 (a). — (plXaov, 158, 5 (a). — diUr&M, 
172, 2. — ^01, 181, 2. — oTou, 62 (paradig.) : 158, 6, 1, (a). — ijti&vfiovyte^ 

175, 1 (a). — naytou'y 158, R. 1 (c), — nifmo^, 182, 8 (c). — lq>avav, 145, 
R. 2 (c). — Sv dvvaiTo, 185, R. 4. 

Page 34. yo/w/fo*, 180, 5 : 188, 2.— to yix^, 173, 1 : U5, 3.—q>lXovg, 
159, 3 (2).— TTOtowTa, 172, R. S.—imfisUl^, 161, 4.— ^aow, 158,7 (a). 
nQo&vfAsia&aij 161, 4. — /xceAAoy, p. 64 (vocab.). — sjisfinB 152, R. 4 (c). 
lafiot, 183, 3(c) (P).—XQovov, 158, 4.-— 0%, 161, 2 (a) {§),—ijii%ixo^ 


nwfiBvoi, 176, 1 (c). — vofii^ovTBgj 176, 1 (b). — ofT*^, 176, 1 (c). — av-Tvy- 
gm^BiVj 153, 2 d. — li/u^^, 158, 3 (b). — To-yivofiBvov^ 148, R. 2. 

Page 35. irv/xotvBVj 175, 3. — TrcTTTowoTa, 175, 1 (a). — ov, 158,7 (a). 
«f^t7[T£i, 147, b. R. 1. — Xrj<p&B'i(Ta, 121, 12. — aXXiqXanfj 157. — madia^ 
159, 3 (6). — Bttj, vlx^BV, 180. 5 : 181, R.— ^icaxoyrc?, 175, 3. — xaXiaag^ 
P8, 1 (b).— 6i, J87, 9 (b).— TTfi/M^roiey, 181, R.: 187, S.^-ctgri^ov^g, 176, 
1 (e). — di^Xog^v, 175, R. 5. — avatqafpirtBg, 8, R. 4: 102,2. — ^cio/ueyoi, 

176, 1 (e). 

Page 36. xiqatog^ 157. — anfiyayBv^ 89, R. — Bq>vyBV^ 101, 3. — «7r^I- 
ita;^, 104, 2(b). — ^/u^, 177, R. — 7i^o$a/otci', 181,2. — ifivxa, 159,2. — ^/4«- 
Xovfuvog, 176. 1 (e). — ovjag, 175, 1 (a). — itfofirig, 163, R. — Battjaav, 131, 
R. 2. — T^ff XQi/if}?, 148, 4. — avsaTQuqyriaav, 102, 2. — o Ao^o^, 148, 4. — 
ftkT8-/u^, 177, 5: 186, 1 (a) — 6(>§i',172, 2. — avaTBtafisvov, 102, 3. — 
fcfjreW, 158, 5 (a).— ttyf/JZ/Jafcy, 152, R. 4 (d). — (rT^acf?, 131, R. 2. 

Page 37. g>alvoiTo, 181,''R. — TB&vtixoTa^ 175, I (a). — ^uiuorta^ 
175, 3. — xataXtupofiBVOv^ 176, I (e). — nQOBXrjXaxivai^ 90, 1 : 89 (a).— 
fJ, 187, 9 (b). — avTov, 158, 4. — ayotvtn, 187. R. 3. — dtfigTiaofiira, lOfi. 
-iUl5M) IdSs 2 (4).-^-3iadi^/^, 181, 2 -xaTaXwm, 186, 1 (a). 


Accusative — of equivalent notion, I. 3. ( 15; IE. 6. ( 10 ; with wphs in 
adverbial sense, I. 3. ( 19 ; with the genitive after rvyx^yv, I. 4. 06 ; after 
yiKdu, n. 1. %1,^' synecdochical, H. 6. § 14 ; HI. 6. § 7 ; IV. 1. § 23 ; IV. 

5. 4 12 ; by attraction, V. 5. ^ 19. 

Adjective — neut. plur. rarely used with the masc. or fern, substantive, I. 
9. 4 26 ; used adverbially U. 1. § 16 ; often in the neut. sing, in the predi- 
cate, although the subject is masc. or fern, or in the plural, 11. 6. § 9. 

Adverb— constrvLcted with ex^iy, 1. 1. §§ 2, 6; 6. ^ 16; II. 1. § 7; III. 1. 
4 3. 

Adverbial sentences — ^take the optative when they denote indefinite fre- 
quency, I. 2. § 7 ; 5. § IJ; IV. 3. ^ 20. 

Anacoluthon—ll. 6. % 6, 59 ; HI. 1. § 17 ; V. 8. § 13; VI. 4. 4 18. 

Anaphora — IV. 3. § 7. 

Aorist — used for the pluperf I. 1. § 2; for the future, I. 2. § 2 ; inter- 
mingled with the imperfect, I. 3. § 2 ; with &j/ denoting repetition with re- 
ference to a single point of time, I, 9. § 19; II. 3. § 11 ; in the infinitive re- 
feiTing to an act without reference to its continuance, IV. 3. § 15 ; apr. 
subjunctive after fi^ to denote the prohibition of an act expressed as mo- 
mentarily, rv. 6. i 18. 

Apposition — partative, 1. 8. § 27. 

Article — used for the demonstrative pronoun, 1. 1. § 3 ; put adverbially 
in the neuter with adjectives and substantives, 1. 1. § 6 repeated with the 
adjunct, when it follows a noun, 1. 1. § 8 ; omitted after uurhs followed by a 
proper name, I. 2. ^ 21 ; omitted with the participle when used indefinitely, 
I. 3. § 14. 

Assyndeton — VI. 5. § 21. 

Comparative — uncontracted, I. 2. ( 4 ; repeated in the verb, I. 4. ^ 14 { 

6. 4 5. 

Conjunction — omitted frequc atly between participles, I. 2. § 17. 
C/?«5^rwc/w7. —impersonal foT the personal, I. 2- ^^ 11 : 5. ^^ 9, 14 ; 6. f 
8; 9.^ 16. 


Wiih Arisui. n. S. 4 13 ; 3. 46 10, IT ; 4. 4 1 . ■ ■ 
IWalloTHedia, I1.4.AI2 

Silwo DH tha ri«7 Tigri*. II. 4. 4 13 


Thrdu.hMedia,JI. 4. 427 

RirErZahaluA, II. 4. 4S8: S. 61 

TillimPi nbere the. tnmWei iliagen, &c., m. 3. f 11 ; 4. f 1 . 
iLariHiionlbiTigM, 1(1. 4. 446,7 

Heipils.llE. 4.410 

ririlliigei,H{. 4.4413-lS 

rrhraugh tne Pl»in. III. 4. 4 18 . . . . . 
■Villiigw where Ihe wpunded were Ukm ean of, HI. 4. 44 a3-.31 
tThmaghlliePloiD, 111.4.431 


Tlfiag« in the PLin. Ill, 4. i37-5, 41 . . . . 
iReiurn Harcb, IH. 5. 413 

Through Ihe Csrduahimi MU. IV. 1. 15-3. 48 . . . 

JTbiotigh Ihe Plain of Armenia, 17. 4. 1 1 

^Sources of Iho TiatiB, IV, 4. *3 

iHiver Telelmw, IV. 4. 4 3 

■Through Ihe Plain 10 Vilbges, IV. 4. 4? .... 

Kaslern Branch of the Eauhiatag, I V. 5. 4 8 . 
Through lh« snow, IV. 5. 63 . 
'Rcfrcilinwnt Village*, IV. 5. 4 7—8. 41 

» Pliuis (th^ 

Arro.),IV. 0,44 
"I bj the "nuMliian.- 

ough the Chalybiun counlry, IV. 7. 4 — 
(Through Ihe Scithtniaii cnuntrr, IV. 7. 4 IS . 
■Gyn.nfa«.lV.7.419 . . . . . . . 

•Muiml Thachea, tV. 7. « 19, SO 

IThrough the Maironian country, IV. a. 44 1-8 . 
'Sickni^Bs unused by Ihe honey, IV. S. 44i»--32 

.'Trapeiua.IV.a. 422 

'CEmsui, V. 3.42 

;To IhB counlry of the Moa^noniians, V. 4. S 2 , 
IThrough the MosnynaoiaaoountrT, V. 5. i I . 


Through ihc Tiborenian counlry to Coiyoio. V. 5. * 3 
By sea to Sinope, VI. 1. II 14-17 .... 
'By .ea lo Herarfepj, VI. 2. . . . , 

IPorlofCnlpe, VI,3. 5 34 

)rh ry»opoli>. VI. 6. as 





The following rt erences to Ktlhner's Elementary Greek Grammar^ 
translated from the German, by S. H. Taylor, Principal of Philhpa 
Academy, Aodover, Mass., have been prepared in compliance with 
the request oi man^i teachers, who have adopted that excellent gram- 
mar in their respective institutions. It is proper to remark, that 
Kl&hner's Elementary Grammar has been given to the American pub- 
lic since the publication of this edition of the Anabasis, which will ac- 
count for the omission of references to it in the body of the Notes. The 
references extend only through the first book, as it was thought that it 
would be better for the scholar to have full references in that portion 
of the work, and then dispense with them aAer wards, when he would 
be comparatively familiar with his grammar. The numerals reft r to 
the sections of the Grammar. 

Page 1. Jagslov, 158, 1. — IlagvadTidog, naidiq^ root of? 38. Why 
d omitted in Nom. 8, 3. — ylyvofiai^ what is the syl. yil 123; root of? 
123 ; what letter syncopated in Pres. ? — dvo^ 68 and R. 2. — w cJw- 
pog, why 01? 50, I. (a).— Ti^ta/J. 50, III.— xra^wy, 6, 3: 90, 1. — 
hvyxavB (form), 121, 16, (cons.), 175, 3.— avroV (govern, of), 160, 
3.— awfidjile, 128, II. B.— aya/^a/m, 119, 1: 142.— Xa/Jwy, 121, 12. 
— Twrtraqp. 42. R. 3.— ^^wv, 125, 11.— -aye/Jiy, 119, 1: 142.- 'Tof 
udiXq>6v (article), 148, 3. — inif%vXfvoi (mode), 152, < and 18 >, 6. 
— avklafifiavstj 8, 5. — dig with part. 176. R. 2. — anoxTsvutv, Perf of. 111, 
5. — ontag, mode with, 181, 4. — Kygui^ 161, 2 (c), (/).— oyixymo (tei 9eX 
152. R. 4 (c). 

Page 2. ftJ^',6, 3: 8,9.— iavr^i, 161,5 (a).— /?«(>/?., 158,6, 1, (b) — 
Mxoisv, 181, 2.— Tijy 'iiU. (art.), 148, R. 1.— wff,52,p. 59.— Aa/Jo» (modi), 
181,2. — 7ra^i$/yciil« (long penult). 111, ^.—avSgag, 36. — Titro-aqp., 158,2. 
—MdriTov, 24: \bl ,-'ngoaivd, 121, 1.— avicwv, 158, R. 1.— ^t/^aZef, 
7, 3: 111, 2: 117, 2,—avlUlag^ 8, 3 and 5.— tov a^goiiftv, 173, 1.— 
nifATtaty, 102, 5.— wr, 176 (b).— avtwy, 158, 7 (a),—iniPoyXijg, 158, 5 
(b).— Tiaaacjp., 161, 2 (a) (/).— Tioilf^ovyTa, 176, 1 (d).— wy, 182, 6.— 
•4515^01;, 158, R. 1(d).— TovTw, 161,2 (a) (a).— To/^uff/oj/(art.), 148,4 

^age a "EXXip'oigj 159, 3 (l),-'jgt(p6iiuvw, 175. S.—wq with part 


170. II. 'Z.—ufuataa', 158, 7 (a).— ei? with numeral, 165, 2. — icvrvi;, t5J» 
5(a). — tfVTw, 161, 2 (a) (a). — irroiow (impf.), 152, R. 4 (a) and (b).— 
noQfvsa&ai^ 150, R. 1. — o «5f* or^aTn/^o, position of noun, 182^6.— 

n^OCOTI^XCi, 90, 1. 

Pa^e 4. UvMov, 158, 7 (a).— Xo^oVto, 172, R. 2.— 6caX€<r«, 98 (b). 
— (pvyadag^ 31 and 38. — vnoexofiepog, 120, 3. — i<p, 6, 3: 8,9. — naviraa&ai^ 
150, 3 (a).— oixadf, 53. R. 2.--<rT^aT«i;o^»'wv, 158. 3 (a).— w$, 165, 3.— 
ftQtixa, 126i 7.— ^|«Aaw«*, 119, 2.— ora^^ov?, 159 (6).—il^evyfidyfi^ 140, 
3. — e/u€^yey, 1 1 1, 4 and 5. 

Page 5. KvQ(a^ 161, 2 (d). — Jv with Sing. Nora. 147 (d). — O^jQioy^ 

158, 5 (a). — ixh^QiVfv, 152, R. 4 (c). — fiovloito^ 183, 3 (c). — Tovg Xnn^ 
148, 3.— ^eVov toD, 148. R. 9.— ^«t, 97, 1.— lijT*, 16, 1.— Jfefo^vov, 148, R. 
7. — nodw, 164, R. 1 (d). — ixdugai, 111, 4: 84, R. 1: 11,3. — xQefioKrai, 
139, (a), 2. — o&Bv^ 53, R. 2. — (Aaxji, 161, 3. — otfupl, with numerals, 167, 1. 
--Amma, 159, 2.— <^x«, 131, 2. 

Page 6. ^4^/« with part. 175,3.— ^^iog^, 175, R. 5. — e^ovTa, 176, 1 
(c). — (ifif 177, 5. — aTro^tdofai, 84, 4 (a). — ywtj^ 47, 2.— ^owa*, 130 (f). 
— aTrc^owe, 131, 2. — «!/«, 87, 3. — avniy, 67. — avyysvia&aij 8, 4. — KtHa- 
aji, 161, 2, (a) (a).— o% 161, 2 (a) (a).— xe^wW?, 128, II. A: 139 
(a) i.—dtri&rivai^ 125, 5.—Kvqov^ 158, 5 (a).— ^i^e^Sai, 128. II. B.— 
ttuif)*?, 161, 2 (d).— Ta;r^«S 104, 2(b).— (rTJjfa*, 130 (O-— /«il««, 29, 

Page 7. ^xxfxa^orp., 152, R. 2. — TiQoPaXia&ai^ HI, 2 and 3: 117, 
2. nqoiinov, 126, 7: 90, l.—^traiTrtytj^ 105, 4: 146, R. 2 (b).— 
MTToy, 8, n,—§ttqPaqiMf, 158, R. 1 (c).— lyv/CT', 116, 3: 101, 3.— ol^ 
167, R.— t^oi/tra, 126, 4.— ^^av^aat, 104, 3 (b): 8, 3 {r)'—raxUnr(v^ 
8, 11 : 51, \,—od6v, 159, 3, (6).— avi^^, 161, 2 (a) (^).— cwtov, 169, R. 
1. — iiTtiniHvtv^ 111, 2, 4 and 5. — ifiaUrog, a(ir}xayog, 28, R. 3. — ot^ 
jnffiUTi, 161, 6 (a). 

Page 8. vategalif, 154, R. 2: 161, 1 (b).— «^, 106, R. 5: 180, 5: 
188, 3.—^j}(T&Bto, 121, 1 : 144, a.— o^cW, 158, R. 1. {d).—TafMuy, 30.— 
iSxovxa^ 175, 1 (a). — oJ, 158, 4. — iq>vXaxxov^ 152, R. 4 (b). — xariftaivev^ 
152, R. 4 (a).— ^/^^UTOi', 8, 12 (b).— ^fiV^^coy, 158, 5 (a).— efwri«coy, 30.— 
TtBQiixu^ 90, 1. — evdalfiova^ 50, IV. (b). — jwecri?? t%, 148, R. 9. — ovofia, 

159, (7), and R.—Kvqov, 15S, 7 (/?).— aTrwioFTO, 128, II. B: 138, R.— 
oi /laV, 178, 5. — Icjpatray, 135, 8. — xaTaxonrjvai^ 104, 1 (b): 84, 4 (a).- 
ov dwafiivovg, 177, 4 arid 5. — aAito, 60. — anoXify&ai^ 84, 4 (a). — or- 
(TT^aTtoiTwy, 8, R. 4. 

Page 9. ovw— ovM, 178, Ir-ovdsvly 177, 6: 161, 2 (a) (/?).— x^eii- 
Toyi, 52, 1. — lexvrot), 158,7 (/J). — gTrciaa, 104, 3: 8, 3 (;). — alXtiloiZt 
161, 2 (a) (a).— £(5oix8, 131, 2,—vofilJ^BTai, 147 (d).— j^^wow, 29 (a<r- 
cen^u.). — riqnaiTfuva^ 106. — ^y, 185, (3). — tjfiiQag, 159 (6). — arQaii&ttth 
' 0. 3 : 26, 4 (a).— owe, 7, 3.— wa*, 137 : 172, 2.— ^/JicfCsro, 152. R. 4 (d). 


— IJJttiXoF, 152. R. 4 (a).— ^|89v/« ^^ 177, 7.— l/rw 122, 5: U2.— 
dvvrjfTsrai, 180, 4. — avyr,yayBv, 89, R.— /^oyov, 159 (6). — icrreicr, 134, 3 
— ^i}, 177. 5,—ifiol, 161, 5 (a). 

Page 10. "MXrivag yfjv, 160, 4 (^) and R. S.—inBidrj, 184, l.—^xa« 
Am, 98, (b).— W, 181, 2,—wqisXolrjv, 97, 4.— ay^' «y, 163, 1.— IVia^oy, 
122, 12. — liovltad-e, 125, 4. — avfmoQ.^ 8, 4. — tpiUq^ 161, 3.— /^^o-^^/, 
97, 3.— £*, 187, 3 (9) b.--olJa, 143.—%, 182, 8 (b).— 7r«/(ro^ai, 122, 12.— 
l^sX, 126, 7. — w? cUo^i^y, 186, 1 (a). — avv vfuv, 185, R. 4. — «y eZi'exi, 
153, 2, d. — w, 183, 3 (b).— v/Mwr, 158, 5 (a).— ^aoy, 159, 3 (1).— w^ ifjiov 
tovrog, 176, R. 3.— cjpa/i/, 188, 2 : 180, b.—inrjvtQov, 98, (b).— jrilc/ovft 
.52, 9: 35, p. 36. — Tovxoi^y 161, 3. — atgatton'tav, 158, 5 (b). — <w$ — tov- 
T»v, 176, R. 2.—akXiav, 158, R. 1 (c). 

Page 11. ovt4>, 161, 2 (a) (^). — ixHvog,60: 169, R. 1. — adixBiff&ai, 
172, 2.— ftiffT€ 186, 1 (a). — iifxoatffinofdvov^ 176, 1 (c). — navxa, 159 (7). 
— iipevfTfiivog, 88, 3 : 175, 1 (a). — dsdnog, vocab. dsidio, — fATj, 177, R. — 
xad-BvdBiv, 125, 10. — fjfi&v, 158, 6 I. (b). — avrov, 158, 4. — axsTntov, 168, 

1 and 2. — aaqpaXiorTara, 50, III: 54, 1. — onag^ 181,4. — fisvov/isv. 111, 
5 and 112. — unifitv^ 152. R. 1.— Flo/uty, 125, 11: p. 8, Note. — noXloVt 
158, 7 (/). — «^ ay — r/, 182, 8 (b). — ini(TJafi6&a, 135, p. 165. — xa&t^tr&aii 
141, 2.— iU'loyrs?, 176, 1 {e),—imdHxvvvTeg, 130(g).— o«a cii?, 182, 8 (d). 
hUa&ai, 126, 1.— m/ui;, 177, 5: 185, 2 (1).— crvax«i;aC«(r^«*, 8. R. 4.— 
Kv^jov, 160,4 {a)—anQnUoiBv, 97, 1: 116, 3: 181, 2.— ^cxV— ^i% 185, 
(3). — Taxl(n7}v, 154. R. 2. — TtQOxaraXrjifj.j 176, 1 (e). — firi, 177, 5.-— 
ff&da(mn, 181, 2. — ^^iJtc — ^/u^w, 178, 7. 

Page 12. ovTo?, 169, R. 1. — aT^atriyrjirovTa, 176, 1 (e). — f*iid$ig, 
177, 5.—ifiol TovTo, 168, 2.— «i^^/, 161,2 (a) (^).— f*^^r«, 143: 181, 2. 
— inlarafiaif with inf., 175, R. 4 (b). — tov altetv, 173, 1. — r)ye(i6v$^ 161, 

2 (a) (^).— ^ av, 182, 8 (b) : 182, 6.— ^/uiy, 161, 5.— oxvoV, 97, 4 : 185, 
R. A.—a—dolri, 182, 8 (d).— /i^ 177, R.— T9ir;^e(rt, 161, 1 (c) (/J).— 
(po/iolfitiv, 185, R. 4. — aydyrj, 89, R. — oxoyTo^, 176, 1 (a). — uniw, 176, 
1 (b).— Aa^clv, 175, 3.— l/w/€, 64, 1—ixQV^o, 97, 3.— Jcyoig, 161, 3.— 
TovT^, 161, 2 (a) (a). — t% ngoa&sv, 148, 8. — ntlaavta, 176, 1 (d). — 
iTioVeyoi, 176, 1 (c) : 185, R. ^.^amovx^g, 176, 1 (c).--i«/jy, 182, 8 (b>. 
— fi^olc, 124, 3. 

Page 13. Kvgov ra ^o|. 160, 4 (a). — (rtgaii^, 161. 2 (c) (JH), — oxoi> 
ot» 188, 3. — dxovoi with inf. 175, R. 4 (a). — ina&fiovg, 159, (6). — xav, 
6, 2.—XQVi^f'V» 172. 2.^im&dvat, 130 (f).— toI?, 161,2 (d).— tov ^i^yoft 
148, R. 6: 158, 4.-%oi, 180, 5: 181, R.—avr&v, 158, 7 (a).— «i?, 161, 
«.— Ticrtracjp., 161, 5 (a).— Xv^qi, 161, 2 (a) (a).— wy, 158, 7 (a). 

Page 14. TovToiv, 158, R. 1 (b). — ovofia, 159 (7) and R. — vnsg^tVt 
53, R. 2. — iffHfTxrixtattVf 134, 3. — dno^i^dautv, 181,2. — nvX&Vy 157. 
158, R. 1 (d).— ^«To, 125, 20.— liovTof, 176, 1 (b).— oit«, 175, 1 (a).- 
fAvgtttdag, 65 (e). — avro^,^ 53, R. 2. — nUUrtov, 158, 7 (y). — Andnln' 


aw, 116, 3.—intivtag, 176 (e).— tfo, 96, 3 : 87, 3.— ^mujcoi, 180, 5 18i 
R. — TQn^QBtri, 161, 3. 

Page 15. opTag, 176 (b). — Xipp&ijvai, 121, 12. — «X(iu(r<M»Tc, 122, 1*. 
185, 2(1) and R. 1. — (rvyuaXaaag, 8, 4. — anoXsXolTtafTtr, 102, 4. — aito^ 
dsdgditafTiv, 122, 6.— ol^oyrai, 152, R. 1.— iXcTy, 126, 1 : 186, 1 (a).— 
^sovg, 159, 3 (4).— ^(>«1, 126, 7.— wo^g, 183, 3 (b).— -/JovXiyTa^, 183, 3 (b) 
— (TvXXajidjv, 8, 5. — a