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TH£ qMutf aikd Obligate 
tiaa €kyi«Malt attach m^ iatiunately to ail 
who faaxre tii«ir pari in it,>that iinder evar? 
coa*i*«». «%* «<* p««»» «« 
8Qb»t> the fKciUiar faaibiU of Uieir joiiit 
prafii88ioii9. and the pnneftjplea and ma^ma 
of their common faith^ should give conlbr- 
mity to their domestic plans^ and should 
distinguish tbr seveial SMaaures of tikeir 
pubbD ititerooafse. As Afembaiai of a 
Cfarktiaa Cbnrdfi^ and aa partakers of tha 
pritil^ges of aCbrialiltn 8tate,(kese dmoni- 
sftraliom of Mwiir ahaiiottr and vi^wa airl 

1 Thay who entettain mck notions df 
Clvrisli^y as would oaii^ it to tha 
doatt^.' and av^ to tha pitnute selt of 
each man's braaat, iiaagioa to tlmosalvaB a 


fneiliod of lieiigion entirely different from 
any which lias ever had the sanctions of the 
Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. They 
whochuseto re^ard^t^ GkrMjtian dispeuisa* 
tion as a sort of speculative and retired 
philosophy^ which can assume no public 
character^ exercise no onfwaixl governjtient^ 
and which neither requires nor admits of 
tiKlel^ai^fnimatraiionsr witk canriipondtitt 
oSicei Olid ftnictjpiiai Mamt^xttkutmhesa 
miMine' iffiticsh is . ioppo^to^ in . dll xei^iedli 
twtfw CiinctiaflnSysUoiy «ff me nay^-take dts 
m^Mctel iiroin tiie n^»d oftite^ gife^iFoUMler, 
and fmrn^ the teMaiiMiy of Itoa authciriBKid 

* '' B» is -easy ikuMAyrBtb pCftc^e tlie reasbhs 
.v^hltaii iMAiS'itf^c^Christians; df ivhfttorer 
^iilitr\% in' tb^P Rspectivfe settl^iomit^ and 
ammMFfek^ €o -^tertt^ HHft stalidapd of theii* 
S*ith tag^tlfcer wilh;.the . cobnAis tif tlieir ^na^ 
tion. Wherever they have (iio^tliei^r^ks 
of their wonted residence^ or taken up their 
Jt^mpomry station and abode> they hava 
fiDt filled tof pnomde intrnme*. Way- ifbi' those 
iqpiiltioil ' nunisAi'iMl ! afifeoag < lliem^ : wttki^ivt 

tttinity, with eplarged dqpradeMieif caii^ 
properiy sobsisU WJbot mode . of union 
or sub^ctencte in aodety oould thvAbe w> 
counted^ bj whkh a oonyaiiy <tf Ghristiaiis 
sbould be diywted of a doe pwrikipipatiott ci 
the Word aiid Sacramenls» deprived of a^ 
the rites and advantages of ttpMsd and mgi>« 
lar asaemblies. ifor ifoUeetifftt -iwofsiupy togt^ 
ther ynih tiie aeveral ^okeasaopj* tKpresiiQ<K0 
ofthi^.Cliiistian&Hoijvship? Wfa^re would 
l^e ^eir joint OfMifeaittqfD^Mih^ 
pledges oi Gommuniolw ami tbe mtii«»of 
their odmaum hope ? Can vte wonder titan 
thatin the ^ar\y visitB^amd^al^ sptitleneiifei of 
Christians, in gny distftnt <][i}artM . lef ^ the 
globe, a care«8hwld be exerted for such 

ji^tion vvhoy in U^pe c»rcup]»(anoe8i should 
Wie sight, entirely Qf'aa^ji;^ .provisions, and 
.(XMifiAe thenwelves^to rai^ii^ forts ^^' 
ries» or to eon^ructiog tho dqiositaries |ojr 
the good9 U> I )bei iemployed* iO| traffic^ or* ac* 
quired by some suca^ssful barter? * * . 

• 1 

:Xf tliet early. wotehipper$ ;Of God, injihc 
6tBt^^ of the^ world, in. their aeveral remp-* 
irals> never (ailed to. build ajft altar 4t' every 

i^ii^ f««id^^; if- «1^<iy nuuift that tlie }iea<i^ 

^hft^tiftti W^^- citr«!tete''&tid' 'cwitttented* 
ffHh^(iftfe'»&' indbte^'^Wa- tt(^iminte^^ pfo^ 
t«i^ ^'I^HtHlh^) tli^ 'liifltiti^t- injitnctiM^ 
iC^H^ro^fi^ter m^ma fiHth, 'in jokit ti!»9ei»M 

n^bns exetcfres for thi^ gro^ffi and encreaiii 
^-tfcei# d©mmo«ii"krte!rcst9 in. th« state dt 

« ' » • 1 ■ r » ' • ' - • I 

.1 • • - • 

^tJirtis- iof 'thbst? ' -fvtio have 'prdfeteed ' tti^ 
<^Wsiia» fikitftv' sofne- care fop st«^ihin^ 
Iras been empToyeid, though wflSi loo many 
prevarications, it inirst be cot>fessed, in thfer 
jfi^ii ^.wbarge x>f Christian chity, and iWth 
too little demonkratioh of the Cliristiah 
|rlrtterir« Amidst scenes pc^rhap^ o^ iiiV asioi^ 
aod ^ncToffdimettt,. oft greediitesd In trade^ 
4indiU faifii in- pubiiG' stipulations <nr. pn^- 
tonoes^ still the forms of faith and worship^ 
•ftod tlw'cate for cnUrging ChnsUan priyi- 
• \egeB lO[ tlie Heatlicte^ 'have not been wholly 
Jmil.Mid^by ikies piro|)sssing<2bri$tiaixol^ 


j^Qons. -MSiiether tke BvttiGI^ aame and- 
eharactiar mHy have i^i^,'ia-any maimer, 
ur the stem 0f HiMe iBiooiisidtfencieg wMok 
Imvcf stripped tbe.OhrisliRD pattem «f lite 
due iittraotibiiiii the eye9 ef- Mvangens^ -k m 
nnatter vhioh ve<pure8' from w no Kg^t 
tfio^ght^ 0f heftrty^^aiid n« tiriifiii|f xaeMvvt 
of toneidaraticmi l^ltcerUM it is 1iiat'tfa» 
puMic Mits 0f 4he Biiili8h4S^oi«niiiieat baw 
4ecUived % iMtler spirit^ and have- ta8t2fit0dl 
ilby ttie »tutefy *f cgiilati^w long moe ia^ 
tended and resoWed^ though not compl^Mf 
put in force. Similar pvoviaien^ ha^e re^ 
coatly b«en iuadtf by ^e «p«iiseb <^alie 
Slit^ iq^ a-lMterMale^ and we have I9 
hope that l^y may be folioifed by tba 
hapfHest eibcts. . / . 

Tlie spintnal 'itants of our coontrymen. 
In their separation from their native land^ 
have been regarded; and with respect to th^ 
multitude of 'those among whom theyiive, 
and who are'hoW dubjects of theBritidH £m-* 
pire^ let utf notVtiiId|4ea9 andf excuses upoh 
any past negfccte. 'Let us not be ready 
tiow to ^rge that sudi are' the obstacles 
liiitchi^ dltligri findoi; that it is a 

3^ : 

mm ilung .to tbtnk of doings mucli. &tt 
t^ diristian cause^ for . , the ; Ikhiot of, 
Qo^y aiuL Uie .salvation t^ squis^ in & 
1m^^ land^ i?irhMe we go. for other |mrr 
pos^^ ftud have 4ifiereut apais^^anclobjeGte, 
|0 eoga^ our efforts* Let us n^t ^am y^l 
6trllier> and say - that it . i» . not .poQsi]i^» 
tio conifer heathen preju^ftes^ or to en^ 
lighten heathen ' bliadness^ and tliat iit is» 
ib96t dtui^rous and 0ven fpoUs)! to at-^ 
t^iipt it ShaU we assert Uiis in tlie fape. 
of* all tlie worlds aflev lon^ year» of inter^ 
course^ duriixg ^idiich time JLSritish arte afcui 
firtlbU ficiencC), Britislii law$ aiKl jurispr^-^ 
licnfie^ a Brititdi rui&and soye^feignty in^ail 
kH^brancfaee^ civil ^and/ military, have flou-r 
rlshed^ witli many a tcHtimouy of. t4)e charf 
racier and honor of the nation. Happy 
ivill it be for us, should it appear fromiaur* 
tlieulic records, that wherever the enter-» 
prizing spirit, and tlie iuduttry of our Count 
tryoieu, have found a foutiuff, tho Biitish 
name may justly challengpe a pj'eccde»ce 
over every otlier tor integrity ,and righteous 
dealing. There will, perhaps, be lijLtle 
cause for boasting, when this challenge 
shall be made^ and this preference lie ad« 


mltted* Shaokl it {M^oYe^ hfmereritohe n» 
nmre than a comporiacHi among defiMiUersy 
y4t mmt baippy. iviU it be for my if- we €ao 
pouit to, any trojdiy obtaiiied by u& in tbis 
aoible field of oix^test^ and shew a real* 
prmnptitndiB in leading ofcbfliB in the ways* 
of tralh and righteousness. 

^ Bvil >to pk&s Df iifii]^rable .difficulty^ of 
dagger^ and alas!. .(£c>r it is so aaid) of in^ 
expedience^ it is tiiue to oppose the docii* 
weilta of plaiii £h^> and tlie long coujise o£ 
&scf»mMvil pursued wiUi unrenutting efforts^ 
^M^i foUoMned by none df tbe disastroua 
cbosequences which are no W so anxiously 
predicted. Facts and experiments they are 
wiiioh have a tract of years beyond the 
Gu^omary life of man, to voaoh &Hr tlieu ae 
practicable, safe, and full of substantial 
benefit ; and all thia under weakencMirags^ 
ments, at must be owned, willi licnited 
and lang«id patrcMiage, and with de^cient 
means; It ia itt <Ntleruto produce -thi8> evu 
depice of fact, and these plain lessons ai 
experience, that the following Abstract 
Ims been . formed and put forth, by which 
it will appear that the Society for pro* 

centmy^ has Mippiied Us snccouts^ MdMa 
ito means< ware letst abundant, foi* the poiK 
paction anil support of the cawa aad ioH 
tfitests- of Ghridtian^ thith> of religi^tt^^ 
knowlefdge, and of cotivm^ioii m the eadtem. 

They who shall tlnik fit to poruse 1h^ 
fellowing fitatementsy will fiiad iodubkaUd* 
pK>o&5 liiat whilst many ara debating oon^ 
#emmg what is practicable op desiraMe^ 
pOBstbfe Of 9ttfe> the Work has> in one wetf 
«!• {leasts been^ reduced li^ practice^ is found 
afifd acknowledged ti» be most beneficial^ 
ftnd has, for more than an hundred of jears^ 
been carried on withont risque or ineonve^ 
n^ettce. It will be founds that this has 
been done publicly and 'openly without 
hdtredy iiUwiU, or revolt^ but with the gra^- 
titude, the good^-will^ and esimm of thou^ 
tends> of whom many^ throiagh the bless- 
HYg' dif Almighty Ood^ hmve> proited eftc- 
ttaaliy hi the chief ooncen^ upon which thre 
(iresent hc^i^ and the fetnrewei^ei oC 
mankind^ have their dependence. 

Are^KM thoae^ who, without tiieftoiqffat- 
lets courage of tiirect. oppoation or . hiffh 
tility, remind us <mly that a cautious, aad it 
^radual^ourBe must be pursued ? the coausd 
)S most salutary: but such persons mafr 
Itam hejre^ that the course has been tbuf 
cautious, tiie progress gradual, and the lem^ 
fcrease ^Iso sudi as has grown up by de- 
^iees« It has advanoed, under the good 
Frovideaoe of God^ with little more tjb^an.tbe 
succours of a fiooiety .which ejected Its en^ 
deavours jto this purpose when . 4l^ ppwere^ 
were limited and scanty, and.iyoiild ^adly 
now enlarge Ibesn to the aaiae ^end^ .wjien 
its hands are<sliengtbened. Had th^ f9(^ 
pouragrafieut \f^n as hearty and .q£Gectmil 
frcHn other bremebes of the^ ponii»vnity, 
H ^ems probable, from past success obtaii^ 
"O^th very slen4er means, that the progress 
woqjd bare been less gradual uidee4s b^t 
inore piospfBTOtts aad happy * 

We do Mtj^owsverdeny^ biitmost gva^ 
paly ackaowledipsudi' measures of good 
/countenance and fiivour as lifive .4Mecn 


k ^ 

The IVfissions connected with the Society 
for promoting Christian Knowledge liavc 
pursued this great object in such manner, 
and ertiployed their efforts with so much 
discretion, and such uniform good conduct, 
that they have obtained, in ^ome degree, 
the patronage and esteem or the Govem- 
pient in India. It is therefore earnestly to 
be desired, that their liands may be 
strengthened, and that their example may 
T)e imitated by all such as shall be engaged in 
the same work, under the same encourage- 
ment. The danger which must arise from 
'any wild discordance of opinion among those 
who labor in this cause, and the sure im- 
pediment which will be created to the main 
design' by intemperate and headlong zeal, 
will render it most evident, that a just and 
decided preference sliould be ^iven to those 
who have the confidence of the Civil Rulers, 
the sanction of the Spiritual Pastors - of the 
National Establishment at home and abroad, 
and who prosecute their ministry in corres- 
pondence and connexion with those fixed 
/ authorities. 

Jt is hoped that the following Abstract 

will serves in some BQeasure, %a dpji^sUce 
to many a kind and geftefous Patron, and 
to maoy a faithful serv.ant. in this distant 
field of well-placed labor. Tbey are se- 
verally n^med^ and tlie just tribute of 
acknowlcgement is rendered to suqIi mpu 
as PEofessor Frank, who^ above others, 

• • • 

appears to l^ve exerted every means of 
private effort and expei^ditvire, and of public 
f declaration a^d unwearied pains for the 
support and encrease of the Ori^tal J^is- 

The following Extracts will, iij th^ 
simple and authentic records, deliver dowa 
such names, and will perpetuate the good 
example of those who have so testified their 
wise and hojy zeal in their several stations, 
0S partakers in pne common work of 
Christian goodrwill, and as patterns of 
sincere rogaxd, and unremitted diligence, 
(exerted fpr thp best interests of the human 

It remains but to add here, that no one 
testimony has been omitted or disguised, by 
^hiph the inerits of the general question 

'tespectitig the propagation of CitflitSfttiily In 
India, can stand afiected. It RMly be rigiit 
to make this declaration, and to rest the 
credit of this work upon the truth of the 
avertion^ since it will be found, with some 
eurprize perhaps^ how destitute ofiUIscdid 
grounds^ those clamors and objections are^ 
which have been so industriously excited 
CHI the subject of diflBosing the knowledge 
and profession of the Chridtiaii futh m 





The finst nieiitidn whidh dccilrs ii^' the IteporM'olf 
the Society for promoting Christian Itnowledgo 
of its benevolent intention^ and endedvours in 
favour of the joint Work of instruction and conver- 
sion in the E!a8t Indies^ is foUnd in the Postscript to 
the Annual Sermon preached before the Society, by 

the Rev. Dr. S. Bradford^ in the yeftr of our 

. . . • • 

Lord 1709. It is there said after the Account of 
the Charity Sthooli throughout Grreat Britain 
and Ireland, 

Nor does Europe wholly confine this design 
of Charity Schools to itself, but it begins to 
'^ eitend 63 fkr as the Eastern countries^ for at 
^' Tranquebar on the coast of Coromandel^ two 
^' Danish Missionaries natives of Germany^ the 
6ne j^rtholomew Zeigenbalg, and the other 
Henry Plutscho by name^ have begun a small 
Charity School for the Miktbarian b<^s^ not 
only providing them fbod^ but instructing 



^ thefm afeo in their own and the Germoin Ian- 
gua^^ but chiefly in the fundamental princi^ 
pies of Christian knowledge : in hopes that 
they may 6nc time pi'ove useful^ if not to 
^' themselves, yet to those that may tome after 
• them. For this purpose they spared part of 
their owfr s^ary^. und tbon^kt to venture 
taking up money at mterest from the Mala^ 
" barians for promoting this and other pious 
'' designs. They suppose also they must buy 
** children to be taught^ and that sometimes at 
^' ^^fcatrfate^at the. firsts till impression be- made 
^',fQr some, favor to the Cliristians. 
^' QlMJ. ropet deplorable, circumstance and ob- 
. 9lacle r they meet .with here in all their designs 
fo*. thei^oppgfition of the Gospel, we shall 
gjv§:in> the. vi^ry- words of one of the Mis/- 
sionarj^s themselves^ and which ouglit to strike 
" horror into, the Christian world.. I must says^ 
. hej^freply^ confess, that it is very hard to make 
any impression upon their mind^ or to bring 
" them .oyer out of,, that gross blindness - which 
'V oyei^p^re^ds the^u ta the glovious Iightof> (h^ 
'/ ho^ Qdspel. , 't'he ohief of. tjieir; ^v^rsjoA i« 
^\caufl«(,the>scstnil^.loji5i and cQXT|up]ted live^ 
'/ pf the. CitȤtia^is,<cony Closing, with and residing 
l\ aiuojjigv tbepi :.. ttiis Jiagt inspired then*, with a 
I'^mpr^ ^M% ^I'diDary Jiatrpd and .detestatioi^ of 
y any^thic«vtljaf.^§aiw of Christian religipn^ 
couoU^* it a? g;|i;ai siaJf any of them should 



'/ make bold to e&t or drijak with a Christian i 
nay they look upon, the Christians as the very, 
dregs of the worlds and the general bane of 
'' mankind/' . ^ 

The same passage x)ccurs ui snccebsitreT Ref 
l^orts for the years foUpiTving^ until A. D. 171S > 
when this short but very striking.and significanC 
liemark occurs^ which descends to us with the 
accumulated weiglrt of a century of years ilpon 
ii^ and has gathered force through all that period* 
*' The same Misspn^ies by their last letters. 
" to Eurone siffnifv that what is attempted there 
^' in, tiie Danish factories towards gaininir the 
*^ Heathens to Christianity is mup& more prac-^ 
'^ ttcable in the British settlements on the coast 
'' of Coromandel^ by reason of the great s^vay 
'' that the Britons have in those parts above 
other nations : and it is hopSd" that the Ho* 
nourable East India Company will be induced 
\^ to make an essay of the like n^tutq in d:.tnan- 
f^,ner worthy of theooaeives, when they ijN^ the 
'^ success that has attended tlie endeayouiB of 
*' their neighbours/' , , , _ _ , u-, 

. Nothing f^rthcirs occurs uAtil.the year X717 ; 
i^heu it ia briefly nqted .that '' s^yer^ Qhajstjr 
\ Schools are erect€i4. at Tfaoqvjebirin t^e E^st 
^Indies by the Protestant lljlissionccriDP .sgnt 
^^ thiti^ej by his, majesty; the l^^g. of D^ng^c^k' 
'^ ift tibe year 1705^ an. a^cjraq^ of jyvhcie Wfi^&» 

B 8 





'^ may be seen in a bcTok entitled Propagation 
'' of the Gospel in the East." ProiW this dGafc of 
the Danish Mission -we may observe how soon its 
pious labours received encouragement and suc- 
cours from the Society for promoting Christian 
Knowledge. In the same year the Society re- 
ceived the following interesting letter^ and caused 
it to be printed. 

A Letter from the Reverend Mr, William Ste- 

• vensoriy Chaplain to the Honourable East 

India Company at t^ort St. George ; to the 

Secretary of the Society (at London) for 

Promoting Christian Knowledge. 




When I wrote to you in August lastj I pro- 
mised to ^end you my thoughts concerning the' 
most efTeetdal way of propeigaiing the Gospel 
in this part of the world 
'^ Let me now first point Orit the chief impe- 
diments that hiYider thi^ glorious Work^ and the 
reasons that indace me to hope for success in 
^ it : and then I shall propose ihose methods 
"^ that I think are rtiost likely to proinofe Uie 
'' conversion of the Heatheii. 



•* One of the greatest hindrances to this ex*- 
celleut design^ is tlie want of a sufficient nam* 
ber of Missionaries and Catechists> to cany it 
on. Mr. Zeigeubalg and Mr. Giiindler have 
not the power of inrorking Eiirades ; and yet it 
seems mtraclcfl are expected from them. 
What they have afaready done, «hews them to 
be laborious and inde&tigable : they have laid 
a good foundation^ by translating and. printing 
many useM books in the Malabar language : 
but this^ and the charge of their schools^ and 
their adult coDverts^ mu^t employ them so 
constantly, that they are coniined, afi it w^re, 
within the bounds of Tranquebar ; where two 
Missionaries will always be necessary': and 
tliere must be others sent up into the country, 
to instruct the natives, settle schools Ix their 
villages, and labour continually to promote 
both the knowledge aad the practice of Reli* 
gion among them. 

'' But in this I foresee another obstacle, if it 
be not seasonably pi^vented ; and that is, the 
mixing of disputable opinion^ with the plain 
and necessary doctrines of the Go$pel. For, 
Sir^ the nat^ve^ here aje genexuUy a quick^ 
penetratiug p^pple^ who labour under too 
strong prejudices from their education ; which 
therefore ought not to be increased, by propo* 
)5ing to them any scheme of controveirted ppi« 
nions.. Nothing ought to be taught among 

'* ihem, but the plain unquestionable artidet of 
^* the 'Christian JPait'h ; in the same manner 
■^•"(and^ as fair as may be, in the same words) that 
''^ Jhe Apostles used. The disi)Utes, and uncer- 
^^ tarn tenets of particular churches, ought not 
'*' to ht xaxtL with thfe fundamental principles of 
'■^ our holy^eti^on ; but as it is, lA itself, most 
.f agreeable to" the reason, and unprejudiced 
'^' s^nse 6f mankind, so it ought to be set forth 
'f^ t<y the Heathen in the sahie advantageous 
^* light; Ih that primitive Simplicity and 
'^*' plainkess of speech^ Which we find used in 
'^^ Scripture ; and* unclouded V^ifli the ai^bitrary 
^^ itnp<isitions, and pretended explications of 
5' bur Christisln Faith, which were made long 
-5' aftef the days of the Apostles. Any pierson 
.'^ may easily perceive how much this would fa- 
'^ cilitate the ^ propagation of the Gospel : and 
'^' it is no- 'less obvious, that every doublful opir 
•^^ nion, and perplexing point of doctrine,* must 
'' be a prejudice, and therefore an impediment to 

-«' that ^ood' design; 

-• '". A'thtrd hin^drance that must be expected, is 
^'the'^iblent opposition 'that the Romish l^nesU 
,i< will thalce,^ ^en they linci (hat fiie Proie'stant 
^*' Missionaries begin tb gain ground, and to 
*'* -meet* With success m convertinff the natives. 
.fc fjpj,^ scheme of popery is so very opposite to 
•*/ ihe genius an^ doctrine oi tlie fcroSj^el/ that 
**^ these* people w^U be extremely surprised at 


" hwirihj^ snch differcnt accbanls tff fhrf fifcrts-* 

'' tian Religion. And seeing ditft bolh iMiitrtot* 

" be in the rigiit, -tlicy ^A\\ht apt t6 stft{rttt^t?hc' 

" whole. This prejudice, howoWf, may ^e* 

*' overcome %y oar Protestant Mi«sionari^, tvlio 

'' can ^asBy confiite the Komii/h Merti by tlie 

'* very same arguments that they tirge ftgaittst 

'* t!ie Heathen Idolatry ; and by appcifing to 

, * tlie Scriptures, which the Papists thftntselvcs* 

^ o%vn to be be divine. In such ctitdunters t^ur 

"^ Missionaries will have t)ccasion to show iftie 

* greatest address and sagacity ; and a dioitragh 

*' knowledge not only of our systents and ctJn- 

^ trovei'sies ^t home, but of the whole seh'eifte o? 

^ morality, and natural religion ; which are fto{ 

^ always perfectly nndemibod, evert by thdfee/ 

^ wha semetim^s ptfss for very fearned dftitieisf. ' 

/ ♦' An^hef Impettmenf fter (he cortversiWir of 

^* the Headiei^ wfB be odcasioni^' by the iff ex- 

^ aiBpte» ef Ihost who frtftm the Oht^Chtti Re- 

^ K^ieR. Ail thw pi-g#li^e will be strong€f9f in 

** their n^indi vAKst live iHfttbfig tfte Bbh^peMs ; 

*• and may be ihrcrcome, in a gmrt meaOTTft, by 

•^ ilkt piwis deportmeiit off tlte Mis^idftstrie*, Ca- 

*• tecWsfe*^ an* Scliool^nttwters ; iffto- ftiittt be 

'^ employed chiefly in the country, where there 

*• aie no paropcatts to be" seen besides theni- 

'*' rt?!Ves; 

'• *riiiftfitrgrratcsi obstudc of a!l; is that tiu- 
•*• ^countable spirft cif Irif^otry and mad zeal. 





- ^ 


( i 



'^thftt tte natiTes have for their several Gaste 
or Sj^ct^i ; for Jthe si^&e whereof/ the generality 
of (hem are ready to sacrifice their lives^ and 
evei^ thing that is d^ar to them. These 
Casts^ or Parties^ are distinguished from ono 
anothj^^ n^t only by their different modes of 
superst^tiQp/ und observances of what ^tfaey 
repkon sacred; bpt.likewi^ l)y many other 
little customs and usages in common life ; as 
' ' in their food^ Mting^ habit^ trades^ ^c. for any 
one of which Cu&toips, or their several privileges^ 
they qiwrel with as miich fury i^nd rage as 
our Sects and Parties in Europe. To lose 
f' their C^s(^ or be abandoned (and excommuni-^ 
^5 cated) by \t, is what th,ey reckoi> the gjrefttest 
evil in the world : ^d if the drepd of this can 
be once overcome^ there will be no great dif^ 
ficul^y in their convjersion. I am informed^ 
f' that this bigotry is npt sp great in th^ coiurtryy 
V aa we find it in the sea-port towus auiong thb 
Europeans ; where the Ga«t9. rival one ano^ 
ther in point of trade and businew : and these 
political feuds heighten their ^eal or mge 
against one another^ on account of their od)er 
observances^ . yrhiph thfey cfill religious/ and 
'5 i^acred. 

''::fFhase^ Sir^ are the niain impedigients that 
^5. are most likely to obstruct the conversion of 
f' the.Indianit; most bf the hindrances I havf 
^' mentioned may be effectually removed^ if pr(^ 




^^ecutod here wjith* si^ti^lf^ caie and jipplica- 

. ^^ ;Let iBfe.BOF; li|; ,^f§re^^fm the r^uM>itfi I 
/f. Jmye. ,t(tl)f®ft; for:. ^BCfffps ivk^ tU^ 4lfficttlt». hut ' 
/^ geDeit9l9^i^4firti4^R|^cr;and. tb(M a^r^ tfae^iea- 

•V be mppos^d^ ^t^^^e pieocibi^ 

/f.jquick j:a|i«^ jQ^. thet^ an^kireB ; .: 1^ a]{9ar- 

,^' dity :oi^ their ^bi^efajod practices ^, t^eir a»<tere' 

mw^Titt: pl^ life ; tfe?ir .fre?dpm Jl^ 

and^theii^JMst notiQn«:Of pi&i^piQpid trutii?. 
;/'.. Thw.e^fp^ab!i5tt«»^f the Christy 

'Vrjgfhes.^fB )grei^ hopes .Ui.^tjt will ipeet^w^h a 

'': jr«dy T^c^tlpa itiqQi»g ,Ah€y^^K[«^ii^fli ;. f(«. see- 

^iag tl|egr«t dwgRJPf t^e ^pel^ to tflach 

f'mm JJifriinqpt pQiift6t,gBy|itenjijof» inpi^i^^.and 

'/ «ttcli} filker irappilani.triyilp^j.M, reMenjidb 

^':c^jdLjaot;ba¥e di^qof^xedi; Apd (ft.^fercfothe 

-'.:pi:%Qjice..iE){ alljtirttt^ mi pjie^^. byc^h^sost 

/'..tmotriog considerations, :thei gmd^tir^omidd; 

// jEii]4^ithe most ierrible; pttnishaoents :.aMliezne^ 

ffM jDrii^ipncthat^k so figceeatdeto tfae.nalitral 

w'^ fBOtiQiiis afonankli^^: and cmiti^hMr neftbsngbut 

'' what reason must approve and acqiliesMin ; 

j(^.^tcb.gif« jasra9di.>jil8baAcl,iiRft ttibngbts 

J' i£,JJimig^yo^oA^:tbeAign^^ na- 

/' i;turfe> ai)ditiaigreit Bild adidrde^i^ df^iurlife: 

4'. I '^^^.Bttch a^fBckme of ydoctiitiesi.'as tliis^ 

^♦. ** 






'^ttrliifiii fB'iaL iijsdi£ mo ntioxtti, BoUe^ tnd msi- 
^sjeteat, ad4 is ^upporled by the most con*' 
vincing proofs that the nature of such truths is 
capaUe (jC, Jbcspeaks the regard and attention 
wi fuvakmi^ and powei^lly insinu-^es itself 
0VW Hpim a lart^^ced s^it. inideed^ t)ie 
oeMSsijty of m^rai ^UigatioRs and the pmc- 
'f itf:a{ duties jctf the Gospd haw been .so plearly 
H. deponstiiftod froR) the light of natansi, and the 
'^ piooft 0f the Cfamtian Revelation « have b^n 
^ set in so depf a Kght^ and may be offered with 
'f -mA yicontestable evidence^ that I am apt to 
bdieare misadefi ave not now necessary for the' 
i'ceg^imaBmi «f these pis^pie ; the want of stfch 
tf k vfaondesfiilpowdi? being in a great measure 
^ sapplieiii by that snrpjri^itig light and perspi* 
ff^4oity isfaie^ in these latter ages liave been 
A giii^A to nU the precepts and truths oi the Gos- 
Hi psi. fPhe fmt ages of Christianity were desti- 
^ tale of this natural lights and rational kind of 
i^ 4emMstjPati«n ; and therofoFe the Apostiea 
> weie supeni^upaliy assisted^ aftd converted 
K..tbe vorld by miiacles, and the demanstPoHqn 
f^ ^ Aa. MpitU;^ yfih\ck abundantly snp^ied the 
^ 9^fi^ ^ aJi^ttnient an,d natural peiauasion; 
y 1?ii^^ is. aiMlbeir reftson vJKy miracles were 
¥ Ijissee^issury tAsn^ and do. not seem, to be so neas ; 
mM^oau8(» th^ Gospel v^a to be preaebed 
y-. iJ|iQHgh$)!iit the whole \ro^ in a short tkie; 
^^ %)id.b^ a &w persons; whose lives andlW 






" ^^el lyitli fuf %nt ^gi^sj : Ijji^ .j^, thy j^Oi 
# op wm eves i g^i A «»S»§»* «"»" 






P^ ^fPf «H» P¥SF IPSrt JTHSto to 

study and laboui. in a 


for tne nse o( natural niaaiui 

tuml hclps^ as God may be pleased ^ ^gth 






Bnt though it may he justly questioned, 
whether the power of miracles be now neces-* 
'sary^ we have no reason to doubt but that 
Almighty God will accompany the preaching 
of the Gospel to the Heathen with a double 
portion of grace and spiritual illumination; 
which may have the same good eflfect and in* 

*^' floence upon their minds, as if they saw the 
-most astonishing miracles. If we suppose that 
they receive only so mtich assistance from the 
-Holy Spirit of Christ as will engage their at* 
tention to the truths they hear preached, and 
lessen their prejudices against it ; our Religion 
is so reasonable, and the natives are generally 

^^ 'SO* discerning, that the sincere part of them 

could hot but embrace it. This we may con* 

* fidently expect, that the preaching of the Gos* 

pel win be attended with such measures of 

" spiritual assistance, as shall be necessary to 


counter-balance the prejudices of the Heathen, 
and dispose them to a &voui*able reception of 
the truth. So much grace is generally given 
to those who are already Christians; and 
there is reason to expect, tHat more plentififl 
*' 'effusionai will be be$towed on those, who by 
'' their education and circumstances are unhap*-. 
pily prepossessed against the doctrine of the . 

I mentipned the quick capacity of the nii« 









^' lives among . the^ other reasons^ wiK faaVe t<r 
'' hope for their spe^y conversion to Cfar]itiani*«* 
ty : but when I speak of fSt^ capacity, I do^ 
not only mean Iheir skill and ingenuity, in att. 
^' manual arts, wherein they seem fo excel the 
common artificers in Eun^; and sometimes- 
out-do the most ingenious ; though they i£9e 
but very few (and these but clumsy) tools in. 
finishing the nicest pieces of wprk : their skill* 
this way shews a quickness of fancy apd in«^ 
^ vention, greater than is to l^ found among 
^' the common people in Europe; but they. are 
^ no less remarkable for their skill in arithme-^ 
'' tick^ and their easy expeditious . way of calcu-^ 
^' lating the most difficult sums and proportioBs^ 
after a manner unknown to Europeans: thi» 
is reckoned but a vul^ attainment among, 
one Cast of them ; there being a great num-. 
'' ber that excel in it. And they show no less. 
'^ art and address in their common affairs fand» 
" business; some of them being masters of a. 
more refined policy and deeper dissimulation, > 
than most can imagine; and all of them (as^ 
*\ far as I could ever observe) show greater sa-> 
'[ gacity, a quicker fancy, aod readier appre- 
'^ hension even of moral truths, than our com- 
mon people at home do. I was never better 
pleased than in seeing (for though I heard, I» 
did not understand) Mr. Zeigpnbalg. preach, 
to a crowd of them; for they shewed so much. 



■ iifetitriit iheinY ind" with' hV humtfle ^rfaaiar 

rfHt^ttbdHhirtT^d Easily, and made siicli pefti- 
^ lieKt* olljeifiofts aWiit Ae' r^Surrection, aiw^ 
^' o«h^poktt^ tiidV J tHJittght' it w&! ^eat^ pity, 
'^'^di* rfuftitJ^re df ihgehiousi and seemingly; 
^' ^fl-Hfej)6sedf' p^opleV tAoiild] not* have some^ 
''' aillf Missionaries sent out to instrtrct'ttiem. 

^^ ^edhg they are^so'sagadoife arid inqiiisitiTC^ 
'^' it* Catihot be thought' strange that tfie'gfoss- 
'^rifed df th^irWpeMl6li/ andtkirah^^^^^ 
'^ Ifef; sfioiilrf' gT\^' rtiE- smtife h6pi^ of thdr'oc)n-^ 
*♦ iferefoh; for though' they Wfe'' ri6rc4>attd'* of 
'^ riiffldng stich* jfl^t reflectfdns ai'Hiiglit uhrf^fe^ve 
'^'th^^ aWffee'^them frdm'the laSft'ng * p!*e- . 
'^ jtidii^es of' edtickrtorf^. yet if *th^/we¥fe adMst* 
^ t8 with tJroper' atguhrehtsV thcffe^ c^tBd V' no' 
•^ ^feafdaficiilty iA c6ftviAc%'thSfn^ tirtl* t!ieir[ 

fbrfeyf^fther^ v^ere impend iipcm/'and^yi^tffiif 


"■ ^M^ly-stiipid ^*'trahkit>^tafttiat{dnt nbHoews] 
" tM Roirtish^ Pl-os€%^^tfny^ nbtitm' of tfiat* 
'' stratige' (fottrl[n4. I^onrof thie 'natives thai l] 
** havfe taJkbtf^ ivfth; wiH oWh thit th^j^"' reifly ' 
'^ ivbrship" idolirr Thls^ ' sij'/ that ^ey addkow- 
*** ledger birtorte SojA-dtte Ood, tft'e'^6ld"'ot lii«' 



**^ i^eii: histone» mention' other god^;- seM- fliat 
*' scime (^ tlie populdce pie^ a A^oiH* kh^of 
" Mspect to «Mife't(HLtae9 {<»$ fliiAiflal;- ifie^Wiier 
" sort know that thelf infori<A>d^d^if<fi^'bti{ 
" hdroer, kings} sRid firifhduM' tkOA, ifkS T^e 
" token into Heaven, dnd i«wflffiib8- bf th«P^rUi 
" God of all. And ttey ^bi^' iAiW iVbrl 
'' shipiphig the status* and 'inUSgiSP of^ (Iftse 
" deities, by the very sitflte a»^dlft^ tIMf'the 
" papists defend tKeii< wofetti]^ ' dT ttfip jfMss; 
" aalnts; and imkgai : so that^ 'flA^ haM^'\^ ^^ 
" v^ether the usual di4Ciiiefiaih^il))IIA-'tQil>lMni 
" \rete original}/ Bbnfisik/ of msmS. But 
'* though the Popish Mis«{oiiiaiiM din^u«F-n'6 
" argument againsi the Heaths IddMtfyi but 
" w^t may' bffr adswiendk^by the' hcii^ of<^<lei^ 
*' own dittftkctiomi; itqd^ urg«d' With- e4«eil*f%ce 
" dgainst'thoiF own nMresttfpi^ id<9lllfl^'; ya a. 
" Proletttint m^ttedlfl^'ciiSiniMe bMh, b^i^" 
'^ m«ntt dMrtvM frbrt 9tripN#r aiid- reftMitr, \f it% 
*' 8QehN)BI«^i^'evidenck- a»«it^hone8t Ht^eii 
5' cottklfWirwiChglttn^^thMglliftMiePapisflA'd- 
•" babi;f5^balok< Butt^iflKRJ^.- 
r ''Tfabanttire^ainr f^feiiWbas 19^ thl^the 
f ' Indiajili ^itmrilk^A&Ult}' g«rS& lAe*^ sOnic'' i^on 
*' tOTbelf0V'e>.thatth«f9ntij^'Ck^bb^bi#«ftea 
t t« tlerijttittstiwtl Mliniiid ftidSit ; th^^^'wiftird 
" find but litUe difficulty in^tte hbM- abd^'t«l^k'. 
r iiigr;d«cMitt»i of'-vtiil^@iih|«^ seW^icl^^ po- 


" they have of many moral virtues, gives tu 

reason to believe, that they are abready somcr 
what prepared for embracing the other prin- 
'^ ciples of the Christian rehgion. Nor have 
they only a notion of these things, but some 
of them show as great rcg^ard to them in their 
practice, as most Christians do : for seeing wc 
'^ ought to judge of peoples persuasion and 
^^ sentiments, by their actions and behaviour, I 
'' must own that there seem to be some as just, 
'' charitable, and sober, among the Heathen, as 
^' among those who profess Christianity. 

" Now seeing our holy religion is so agreeable 
^' to reason, and that we may well expect the 
'' almighty will accompany the preaching of it 
'^ with uncommon measures of gi-ace and spiritual 
assistance : seeing the people to whom we ought 
to preach the gospel, are easily capable of 
conviction, and that their austere life, theijc 
^ freedom from passion, and their just sense of 
^' the most fundamental truths of natural reUgipn, 
'' do in a great measure dispose and prepare them 
for the reception of the Gpspel ; we h^ve aU 
thp reapon imaginable to hope for their con^ 
^' version, if this great and glorious work were 
'' carried on with that zeal and diligence it 
'^ deserves. 

'' Sir, having thus pointed out to you the chief 
*^ hindrances to the propagation of the gospel in 
^ this part of the worlds and, the great encoura j&^ 




ments we have to attempt it ; I shall now pro- 
pose to you those methods, that I think might 

^' be. most effectual in prosecuting this necessary 

^' work. 



To begin then at the very source and foun- 
dation of it ; it will be thought proper, I sup- 
pose, and practicable^ so to unite the hearts and 
endeavours of the several societies in England^ 
Denmark, and Germany, who have engaged 
to support the Protestant Mission, that laying 
" aside all distrust and jealousy of one another^ 
concerning the point of national honour in 
carrying on this design, and all partiality and 
^ prejudices in favour of their several schemes 
and opinions, they may agree to promote the 
glory of God, and the conversion of the 
Heathen, by all proper methods and persons, 
without disputing about rights, precedence, or 
superior direction. Such an union may be 
begun and continued by frequent correspon- 
dence, and friendly communication of advice 
" and assistance to each other; and by such 
'' regulations as they shall agree, upon, for the 
*' moist speedy and successful management of 
^' their affairs. 

'' When one common Society for promoting. 
*' the Protestant Mission is thus happily formed^. 
'' one of the first things that can fall under their 
'^ consideration, is, how they may raise a sufficient 
'^ fund for carrying on 80 great a work ; towards 





4 • 

*' which, it is but reasonable to expect that all 
'^ charitable Christians will readily contribute. 
*' It is not possible to make an exact calculation 
" of the annual expeiices that will be hecei^sary 
^^ lo subsist the Missionaries^ and others to be 
employed under them : but their yearly charge 
here in liidia cannot be coinputed at less than 

£5,000: ; ; ; 

"' Besides tlifs fund For cxpcnces, it were to be 
" wished that there were colleges erected iq 
Europe for training up .Missionaries; andf 
teaching the languages that are necessiiry for 

them, viz. the Malabar, Gentoo, Moorisli, ana 

• . • ■ ■ ' • . - ' ' ' ' ' • * 

Portuguese tongues; ni each .of which they 

might be somewhat instructed, before t|jey 

•' conic abroad; but chiefly in the Mafabarian 

'' and the Portuguese, which is the Jjingua 

* Franca Vi^m throughout the coast of Coro-i 

'* mandel. 

'' From such seminaries the Mission must be^ 
*' supplied from time to time, with at least eiffht 
'' well qualified Missionaries to reside jn India; 
*' and it a greater number could be sent out, tli^ey 
*' might be very usefully einployed in so great 
'' a Harvest as here offers itself. 

"'' Two of these Missionaries will aUvays find 
'*' sulficient employment at Tmnquebar; where 
" a college might b^ erected for training up 
*' Catechists and Schoolmasters for the service 
*•' of the Mission: there will be occsisioa for 



- • I < 


atiothcr Missionary to reside at Fort St. 
tjcbfgc, (and perhaps for one at Port St. 
" DaVid,) to educate Schoolraasteii: take the 
"*'' charsre of the schools, to be erected in and 
'^ about tliese settlements ; and to facilitate a 
^^ correspondence among the other Missionanes ; 
'^ whose busines!^ it must be to travel up into the 
'' country with Catcchista and assistants ; tliere 
""' to preach to the natives, settle schools in their 
*" villages, and distribute among them abstracts 
^^ of the Christian Religion, engmved or writteu 
*^ on the most durable materials. 

" For the better management of the whole 
^ work, the Missionary who shall reside cit Fort 
'' St. George, and one of those at Tmnquebar, 
*' might be invested with some authority over 
•' the I'est; to direct their progress and stations; 
'' determine their differences, and negotiate the 
*' affairs of the Mission : and it seems no less 
** necessary, that one of them be impowered to 
'^ ordain Gentile proselytes to the ministry. 

To prevent all disputes about religion, anii 

further the propagation of it among the natives, 
*' it %vill be necessary that not only a short 
*' abstract of the Christian doctrine, but likewise 
'* a larger catechism, containing all proper 

(especially practical) instruction, be composed 

by some judicious members of the Society in 
^ Kurape, for the Uso of the ^lission : E^nd thai 




no 6ort of books be printed^ or used by any of 
the Missionaries, but such as shall be approved 
and repommended by the Society. 

That the itinerant Missionaries^ Gatechista^ 
&c. may not be molested nor interrupted in 
'^ their work, they must be powerfully recom^ 
mended to the favour and protection of th^ 
governors at Port St. George and Tranque- 
bar; who by their letters testimonial an4 
recommendatory, may procure not only pro-? 
tection from the governors of tlje inland 
provinces ; but likewise their favour and goo4 

"^ will to the Missionaries and their assistants. 


Seeing the whole success of the Missioi) 
must depend upon. the abilities and good con- 

^', duct of the persons to be employed in it, thfi 
grektest care must be taken in choosing them^ 
that so none may be sent out but such as arfQ 
not only learned and laborious, but likewise 

*' remarkable for their prudence, good temper^ 

'^ and Christian zeal. 

It will be necessary for the Missionaries to 
hold a punctual correspondence, and frequent 
conferences witli one another, on any par- 
ticular emergency: and that the itinerant 

" Missionaries keep exact journals of their 
progress, and transmit copies of them from 
time to time, both to Port St. George,. and 
Tranquebar; to be thence forwarded to the 
Society in Europe, 
















** One of the most effectual ways the Mis- 
sionaries can take to propagate the Gospe/ 
among* the natives, and procure their good 
will; is to begin charity-schools in their 
villages, and to stay several days at one place 
among them, in teaching and instructing the 
'* more advanced in age; they niust leave a 
'^ Schoolmaster in every considerable place, to 
" teafch their children to read, write, and cast 
'^ fitccompts after their own way : to which 
" Tillages the Missionaries ought to return 
again and again, to i^isit, instruct, and en^ 
courage, such as seem inclined to embrace the 
Christian Religion ; and may leave a Catechist 
among them when they make converts; or 
" ordain him a Minister, ^nd settle a Church* 

'f in any place where they meet with sufficient 

• • • 

'^ success! ■ ' 

" It being absolutely necessary, that they who 
" undertake the conversion of the Heathen live 
strictly according to that pure and holy Reli« 
gion they teach and profess, the Missionaries 
'l-^HIutt liMPmly/^set a lAiiiftng exkra^ of piety 
'^:4M» ttll>)Mfl>itk<Ti^e, but they must 'keep \ip 
*''tM'Mkit9ttffiix^)r B.M dsdpline among*' those 
'€ that asstot- th<*n; lefet any disorder in their' 
*^ IfVes shoillfiP give offence and scandal to the ' 
"" ndUvei, ahd obstruct their cen?ersion. And 
therefore none ought to be employed aa 
Catechists or Schoolmasters^ till they giye 





" sufficient, proofs of their «mcerity, aijid sted* 

^' fastness, 

• > •■ . . . . , • ■ 

"..Thus, Sir, \ have freely eorajnunicat^, to 
you ipy thoughts, conceroin^. the p)06( efiectuai 
.waj of propagating tli^ Gospel, in, this part of 

*| itfte world; which I freely «ubmit tQ the judg- 
ment of the honorable Spiciety. \ an) sensible 

\ ,that the proposes I have m^e, are too genera]^ 
aijd defective iji many ^partijcularp ; for J de? 
signed only to mention spqh things as to me 
seeip essential ^nd n^cessarj:, . 






•■•;•. ' ■' ••SIR, •- -• •■ 

Your .most XKb^e^tyKnrant, 

• • • 

4p6^^ 1716- • .V.-- -; ■ ". • '. •i-/-!''' <•■' i;v'.. '.I .. '» •» 

^•^ » • . . ••- •' • ..v'*t .^^^t v-.-^w* f*'*..^«.«. I Jit 

r», ' jr '>"•• »»i»/->T' f-'o!\r»i !'#♦'"♦ <".'^»-> rrr<»#«* •"' 



'' then maintained by th^ fong of Denmark, at 
Tranqnebar,^ in the East Indies, for the con- 
^^ version of the Heathen in those parts. Accord- 
ingly they from time to time assisted the 
Missionaries there with money, a printing 
press, paper, aifid other necessaries, (as they 
were enabled) till the year 1728, when upon a 
proposal made by the Rev. Mr. Schultze, one 
^* ftf the Danish Missionaries, to remove to Port 
'* St. George, and there begin a new Mission, 
for the conversion of the Heathen at Madras, 
the Society engaged, for the support of that 
new Mission, though at an expence that did 
then fer excei^t their ability, and which has 
been considerably encreased since by the addi- 
^ tion^ <^r fWo^ Missibnari^, and such otlief" 
'* Mtraordinary charges, as have necessarily 
^* arisen fAfdk the ^kii^hient and prosperity of 
** the Mission. Their casual bene&ctions to it 
have hitherto faHen very short of the expence^ 
amounting one year with anoUier to little more ' 
^ than one hundred and forty sue pounds, whereas' 
^liUdi d iifc tf l ifcftttrti ' to Iftve, eMAniidibds annis, 
'?3iK«MMdhid>atiwoi}hmdiM'k^^^ eighty pounds. 
^^..TIIOMPdiibniMit^ run the Society 

'^lA^a^giMttdAt, hii they Hot been Enabled to 
Jisolnii9il)ibei»i% ths'^K^ safe of an 

estttte ilMl WMleft^ win many years ago Ui 
pmpitgttM tllfc Oosptelin the East Indies, as 
^' Uk^fise by anhilM reinitt^nce« ient thither by 









Professor Pranck> from HaBe^ ami by A* 
charilable gentleman from En^knd^ vrho 
*' desires to be unknown. But all these were 
not sufficient^ so that die Society have been* 
ob%ed to apply <£333 to this use, out of tlie 
'^ interest due on Mrs. Eliz. Palmer's most 
generous legacy of «£ 4,000, left by her to the 
General Designs of the Society, in 173S. 

It is thought requisite to l3e so particular 
in this account, that the wotid may know the 
rfssji ueeessities of this Mission for the present, 
'< wd be eaccited to relieve theuk Besides the 
expefuce of it will be. growing Qvery year, and' 
there, wdl aoeube need of a lai^r place' ^of 
Avine worship/ .and for more ^diool^tottsts: 
^. Ho^vever the Society chearftiilycreiy upon that' 
'': good Provideuiite wJiicfa has hitherto pw fWf t d* 
^ thia and all otfaet their niidertdkinga^ to Mise* 
up such a trufe Obristian- ^irit< in tUs ttch' 
and trading nation, as will 'atiuutlaffd;^ 9iip|fly' 
wteitever montdy shall be wanting; to tcarryijoif' 
so ohffiitable and gloricm:a.dedtgn,' as tbak^Jof" 
enlarging 4he kingdom of God «nd Q£:his' 
Christ upon earlh^" And fAosO'tmelditeawrf ' 
good wishes and * b^neTOleut intaantionclns^Ihc?^ 
Society been, harnng^^ boiiiih\irfM dM^i «ia:«iie' 
present (ky, *the constant; fwld,iit>(tf ifo^nner. die * 
sole patrons of this . Missiorf. i.l ^..<* Jr;*) ^Ixj;.. - 
The Afipendbc for this yeai* oftA'Mi^ i|i «^e 
Spciety*aRepo]ls>coatain9amofe4lBtailedaccoant ' 



of the Mission^ e^cteacted from tjvojr corjtesg^nr 
dence with the Missionaries. We t^^^.^^d the 
Reverend ]V|eB|$ieurs Beujajgnin Schult^e^ J^Iia 
Anthooy Sartofii^s^ and John EJ^nest Geifler, 
described as British Missionaries at Fort »SL 
George^ acknowledging the presents m^de to 
them frpm the Society ; and adding^ ^' that ijotr 
'' withstanding the great prev^lency of irrelk^ioB 
^^ and Popery tbere^ as tlie principal impedimentf 
*' to prop^tgating true Christianity^ tlv^y ha^ 
'' tlie comfort of being under the prote^tloxL ^ 
^' God's good Jprovide^ce^ which ejiiabl^ji them to 
'' jjurroouut all obstacles, f^n^ tp, cajrry oa the 
^' difficult work of ^onvertiijiff tjie, ^e^thena, 
^/ That tl^eir cQngregation m.ore aj\d mpK 
^' encreases; that, thej ft^thfully instruct pnd 
'^ cat^chiz^ the Malabarian %ad Pcfbfigat^m 
'' schools, in both laMgji^es; tl^at tU?. if^pala^ 
" Uon of the Bible in the G^tpo l^|^)t^^ k 
liow finished, fpr the bfiu^fit pf tbqsie lieatJb^n 
tfy^i jM§ thfiit language, ¥dxi«b gives tl^in 
ground to hope that God will graciously. bjcing 
bis good work to peifectian. ^ Th^t hitherkf 
tb^ have the Bjble only in the MaJal^aifian 
tongue, afi printed at Traaquebar, b^t if tbey 
^' 8ho^ld have thi^ pleasure to see k pK'mt^ i w 
Uie Gentoo language also, according to the 
^' wish and. dfisira of ma»y pieq)le, tbey doubt 
'' iiot to have an opportunity of commumcatingi 
i' tb^ Gospel more clearly and fully to another. 






*' nation of Heathens^ who for want of instruc- 
^' tion In a language they understand^ are with- 
'^ held from the knowledge of Jesus /OhiHst. 
*' That the British Mission ut PortSt/Cfeorge 
to this day is provided" with only bne^xommon 
house^ more fit for one man^s'lbdgmg tfian for 
three people^ which has hitherto seized in'stead 
*' of a Church:' but it is easy to imagine how 
^' great the inconvenien^isk and hindrances must 
'^ be, of inviting the Heafifen to hear God's wor^ 
preached in so straight an apartment; an^ 
therefore they need not urge the Society any 
'^ ftirther upon that head." It is added, after 
some few particulars/ of the provision made for 
ifhe children, and the arrival of two Missionaries 
at Tranquebar; that '^ the number they have chris- 
tened last year amounted to SO ; that the Porta- 
guede school daily encreases, and Providence has 
'* directed them to a man very capable of instruct- 
" fhg them jithat the number in both schools is !^, 
"*trf whifeK SS'are victualled and clothed ;" and they 
conclude, after acknowledging presents from 
England, and the grant of books from their 
brethren at Tranquebar, with their wishes ^' that 
" God would enable the SociWy and aH their 
" benefactors to carry on the Mission to his 
'' glory." 

Then follows some remarkable passages in 
their journal, at Madras^ to the following 






tMRey. Mow. Ottor FrAAli(ick K^iwitx^ 

ijt Danish i»iinj*^r# diiwj iu .the, eOfch, year of 
f ,h|9 ag^i be did gc^ services in the beginmng 
*' Qf the Missioii ei Tmnqttebdjr^ af well as.siDce 
Y, ^ .wii nVe^ so long M he ww^ afcle. The 
^' C(t|^tclu9tl i«)meUp with the 

Papiit^. Wbien the lal^r. meiKtiofi luiy thing 

of th(| amagti^ ^(u;8hip^. 6t the invocation,- of 

saints^ th^ Mali^ljtedstpf tieter fail to join mH\ 
'* our Cateeh^ lllllM jih^^i^ : , nay the Heathen 
V themsqlvQS t6U th( rkpisits to, (heir feces^ ' vou 
*' are; no better, than ^e^^forjOH.JtW'slup Qgnirca 

^nd images as well as^ Wpi.ffU (hf^.^<^f^e{^:is4 
!f that we caU^Jtheip ^^.differ^][ii^,n^e5.'. Jtista 
^J be wished the Misjsion ,uponr.t}\is qo^t 9puld 

e:ikend itself more?, that those .Qij^tjai^^.w 

^ aret>bliged to go from one place j(<>Hg^()0ter 

** for their living^ nught hear thf. w;^^ 9tJS^ 

conveniently^ and not be tempted (sitheiiifto; 

return to the Heathen^ or lie, open. to the 

seduction of the Papists, as it,4soinetime^/l^. 

happened. .^ 

*' A German came to visits us. from the' 
*' Makbar coast> on his way to Bengal: hei^^id^ 

the Tranquebar Mission was well known at 

Ceylon^ Bombay> C!ochin, and other.^places 
" where he had been ; and that there were many * 

German soldiery ef the EvangclicaJ Confession^. 

that earnestly • desired t0 have a Minister. 

among them^ or that they might be removed. 







^ to Trtinquebar. He told us. also that he had 
'^ once^ seen ngar Cochiti, k Bi amin whose face 
** and body were much blackened, ' and yet 
resembled dn* European, whereupon* he called 
one of his comrades' to see a maii like an 
European; to which the pretended Cmmin 
f* answered in High Dutch, yes, I' am an 
^ European, and a Father;, we are obliged to 
'^ disguise ourselves among the Heathen, that 
*^ they miglit not know li^. After awhile they 
'^ became well acquaintfed, and the Feather told 
'^ him then, that the Pope had sent twelve 
^ Fathers into that country, that they might 


'f ranquebar. They mentioned that the poorer 
sort of Heathen, when they are likely to die, 
are desirous of receiving baptism, in order to 

** avoid the funeral expences, which are very, 
chargeable among them, and very inconsidera- 
ble among the Christians. But the Protestant 

*^ Missionaries received none of this sort, except 
they be before sufficiently grounded in the 
principles of our religion : whereas the Papists 
admit them to baptism, if they are but able to 
pronounce Jesus, Mary, and Joseph ; that then 
they put a chaplet about their neck, and a 
crucifix in their hand, and then they pronounce 
them saved and blessed; aild it is by this meana 


^' that the number of their converts encreases so 
^ much eveiy year. • ' ' • ^ . - 





** iThe Pfayer of Manasses \vm translated into 
the Waragtan orGentoo lao^a^, andthereby 
vraa finished the whole Bibie, as Tmell the 
^* Hebrew as the Greek text Mr. Schnltze 
^' rocaved a! letter from the Mission CoUeg^e in 
Copenhagen^ wherein, they gave leave that the 
Wanigian Bible might be printed in Tranque- 
bar. We invited the Armenian preacheni, 
haying before made an acquaintance with 
them« They were just beginning their even- 
ing prayers/ which we, at their request, heard. 
They gave an account of the feast the Papists 
celebrate upon the monntain of St. Thomas^ 
which being observed with heathen ceremonies 
^' and very soandalous doings, the wiser sort of 
^/ (h^ P&pi^ would hka abolish it, but the 
^ Romati people are in general so fond of it, 
'.' thfit t^ey woeld m«ch rather pairt with th^ 
^^ Christiaii religion. than with the feast. 

This year were 30 baptized, 6 couples 
marriod,. 4 p^sons buried. On Sundays, in 
the motning from 9 till 11, they preaoh ii^ the 
Ms^labarian language. In the afternoon^ from 
^ to 4k^ they pneach in German ; and from 
4 to 5, in the Portuguese language : and in 
'' the mean time is repe&ted the Malabarnn 
saomfng sermon. Wednesdays from 4 till 5, 
they ppeacH in the Portuguese. FVidays thcf 
sa.^>. With prayers for the Malabarian children: 
and seii(ants« Every day there is catechizing^ 




*' in Portuguese and Malabtfian^ between the 
'' gcholars^ schoolmafiters^ and catechista, one of 
'^ which in the evening repeats it to the children^ 
'' as they do likewise all the sermons/' 

There is mention then of the labour of John 

Anthony Sartorius^ who was forming a dictionary 

in Malabarian and Latin. 

The account from Tranquebar then follows : 

'' NiCH. Dal, C. T. Walthkr, 

'' Martin Bosse, And. Worme, 

'' C. P. Pr£S8ieb> S. G. Richsteio^ 

'^ Danish Missionaries at Tranquebar^ January 

16, 1733, signify, that to their great satisfac- 

ticm, they have received the Society's letter of 

February 10, 1732, together with all their 

presents; for all which, but especially for the 

valuable present of the types and paper, and 

their generous endeavours continually for the 

sake of Christ's kingdom, they return their 

mjpst hearty thanks, sincerely wishing God 

himself may most amply reward them. That 

by the grace of God the Gospel in^ that 

country is every day more established; that 

fornnerly the Christians were confined to that 

city only, but now in the whole province there 

is scarcely a place to be found where God is 

not worshipped, and even in the land of the 

king of Tanjore Christ's kingdom is much 

enlarged : that in the year 1732, three hundred 

and eighty one proselytes by the divine assist- 








that, n^AiHy^%ff^mmimf»f*» ifff-^^^ 

sexes^ cootaining 196 ^Jhj^Tc^ .w)iQ8e,ibpfitcU 

ffn^t«<hrr^M l«!rt'yw t^ l)]»tph of,Nega- 
patnamj,,|^^(^ev^p«^echkt^ b^fbh^ir cUjQection^ 
^«f!^^ >^frfin «^J^?M>anff.fWn««r»8i'i<»i>, and 
*iWyfiwye,WWlNft%0BS t|W<r.<Ji«l:»'# r»9Wcr • 
ttl?|n(^<«44Vj^ iWI*e|^d|j|»g. ^,.7?biat,5tjiw yev 

r^ ^tt)e^>.i§^ltrq^t ,-«f»iMiaQ»r:/«f N!eg»{)a^ 
iptpB«>.¥^i) iAf^i(«8r^ 4(d^&.pipon bim the.gor 
.Vi«r^e^(C|j^iQ)!p)iii^<" .• Tbey then ac)mow' 
ledgfiit}vei|iic^p^^#f aomiB presents^ adding that 
tq tt^p "rhqiMNr ^->^e East India Goiapany^ it 
raift bj^9«fci)Qi|rl^4g^ that in regard these 
tbingpr huif^Jbeea,/»bipp4d on a cbarital^^e ac« 
ceun(|. f<^i,^e senfice of treligion, the Court 
of Directoiji . havi^ allowed, both money and 
goods to be sent . freight free to Fort St. 
George/' . . 

In the Society'ii General Rj^f^, for thi& year, 
til^re occurs the. ijnention of Mr.^^dwin Bel|c€^' . 
gift of .^'SO.New South. Sea ai^ujtjjes^ the divi- 
dends of whiph are to be exp^^^nded in books for 




tfc* pMj^igtttfNit^^^^^''*^ idigim in the EkuC 
fodte^ orotber piNPt8i<!f tlie W4hM. . . 

The accottfit of tlie:nfif«iott k MMmed u ttitf 
aiiMiil report |»p l'^ iRitfiftlMt^ ptrtiorins; 
in the year 171P> Ik^ 9oe«ail|^ AndeitoolDthe 
fiMtAagaMnt ofrs^l4i»pl#ii^f»^e«frw0tatiild 
Ve put imp thm hefi^!'^ lac t^.^ikpfKKi t^d eat 
tevgertieiit ef the,Pi;(i$9«M|^ Mitskifr )tJhM loaim 
tAtned by the King of Dennvl^ iM^ Tr^flWif^ 
'' iBtbeEastUdi^.tbrtheGODTieNw^ 
^ then in thod^ parts* Acqirdfi?^ thfij(<«pip,^iine 
'^ tp tiine aflBiflted th$ miaMomrieti: tl^ens. ivith 
'^ moAey, a-printing pi!m%r4)tf|l«nrt'W4rieiiker 

"« McedMorie^; (as th<^ wctf^.^iHihlwt) til i4|i0 
^' year 1728, irtien jijmi A.pvopowJ mady»riby 
<' the Rev. Mr. ^hpltse^ m^M. (*^,Dai«sh 
^ Miffioiiaries, te Temcr?e te« C)^. St. QlMge; 
^' and there beja^n a ntew Miwion fm Ihe mbf^- 
•' VeiMoiv of the Heathf^ i^»}]\ff|di]GMf th«.S<H 
*' dj^ Mgaged for tl|e rappprtt^C^t^/Mm^ 
thoilgh fkt an expeace that. did theht&r exoted 
tb^ ability, trnsting to the good Providence 
'' ik Alndighty God, ^hich Mission has fitoiii 
'' lime to ^ime been constantly increased by the 
'^ addition of two Missionaries, ^nd kucfa oAei* 
** extraordinary charges, as necessarily must aris& 
'' from such an enlargement/' The repwt goes 
on to «tate, that ^' the Society had given direc- 
^' lions for tlite" foundation of a €hurch,' 40 fedt 
"* square^ so contrived that- it thight be enlarged 






^' to 9Mh dnieqiiHm •!» ihauM be ieviMl neces^ 
^' sary/' la the^ Appendix for the si|m« ye^r^ 
Ibto coiretf^deace states, after acknowHeiJguig 
raaittilirtsei, ibat " (b« congi^t^on of lieyr .cpn- 
^^ifeits tD'Gbristkmity eacreases by degrees." 

"M^flSietHPs Schaltze and Sartorius, at Fort St. 
Geolrge,' rignify that the number of proselytes 
liroiflH* Heathenism received into the Protestant 
Chijffohj' is above 50 souls. '' That they have 
*^ bi^gftfm to'make an attempt for the instruction 
^ atid ' good education of some girls conimitted 
'^ to th*!f care by their own parents/' 

'#din Anthony Sartortus, at Fort St. George, 
rigniies that he made a journey to Tranquebar : 
^' that in bis journey thither he had the oppor* 
^^ tuntty of seeing many of the principal places 
*' and pagods of the Gentiles, and to converse 
'^ with tiian about their worship : that h^ stopped 
'' eight days at Fort St. David's, and lodged at 
'' GovemcNr Hubbard's, who was desirous to detain 
*^ him, and who, with others, were pleased to offer 
'' their assistance for settling a new mission there ; 
^' that if there were many more Missionaries 
'^ upon the coast, , he is sure they uvould find 
'' labor enough, and by God's help, meet -with 
^' good succeas/' 

The fiev. Messieifars Dal, fiosse, Pressier, 
Walther, Worme, and RichstiSg, Miafeionaiiea at 
Tranquebar, acknot9||j|^ the Society's^pMstnts^ 
^ .particularly that of a.cOfl(ipklife4ettxf mw -types 




*' for printing the Porttigaese Bible, With 5^ 
ream of paper, and allthe other implements; 
that they printed last year in Portui^uese, the 
*' 12 Mmor Prophets; that they hare Kkevrige 
prepared the renminiifg bookr o£ the Holy 
Scriptures, and are n«)W 'working off some 
^^ fiheets of the Book of Joshua." 
' '' As the light of the* Gospel, by.the.g«oe 
*^ of God, has diffusefd ^itself to the a^^l^eene 
^* Heathen countries, to tlie dispeHitfg •of i ii^o- 
^' latry and superstition, so they have .coiU««red 
new hopes, that by degrees it^viUspnead iteelf 
farther thait the neighbouring colonies -off 4he 
Europeans : for the Duteh employing .a Ca* 
techist bred at Tranquebar, have gat\fered 
from among the Gentiles a smallcongregsttton 
at Negapatnam, who by baptism wefis received 
into the Church of Christ. Thi^ mlikes theni 
*^ hope that the fountran of fifeopenedftttMidras 
f' will florw into the neighbooring diesakt^ by 
^^ which means the salvation of many^ muIs 
^'^ /will be owing, through the grace of God, 
to the pious endeavonrs of the Sodety. * 
Schoolsjj" they acM, '' being the^seminary 
/' of the Ctnlreh in which young people ^re^a- 
'' cated in all those virtues which rendertthem 
." .capal>Ie; of promoting the glory of God, they 
// .think the edw&tion of children deserves thfeir 
/' utmost^ cai^e^ and th^fore: they htfve fiw' 
scIiqqI^ .fp? tl|?ji«' injtnwilioji in our JtelyTe- 







" U^loii ; vi2.'6 of the W)rtaguete congregation, 

^' Oi>e for boys, tlw?' other for giris, and taree 

*''for the Malabarian natives^ viz. t*vo in Traa- 

*^ qu6bar for Hoys a^d giflsr *»<! another for the 

^'^ feoys irt a Village calfed Porfefer. In the MaJ- 

^^ labartfc schofofe theife tLre 168 children, not only 

'^ edacated; but 'wholly maintahied, and. in the 

'^' l^ortti^cse schools there are 53 educated^ of 

^*^'MrMteh 2ff are wholly maintained, for Avhich 

**' 'tferrice they hav6 '6 masters and mistresses. 

^' 85'me charitable Christians in Europe, have 

'' largely contributed for* the maintenance of 

^^ these children, towards which, in the year 

''^ 17^1, they remitted a sufficiency to maintain 

•'^ J8S of them, and the next year enough for 33. 

^^ Several of them having engaged themselves 

t(V continue those gifts yearly ; thdt besides-the 

care 'of their souls, incumbent upon them as 

Mhsionaries', they have a physician sett * er 

•'' to' them in regard to the health of their bodies, 

^' and they*thank thjer Society for the assistance 

*' they were pleased to give to facilitate his voyage 

»'* to tHerh.'^ ' .. » . 

• •"' fnSepfembe* last, the 'Society ordered that 

»^' the = filings desired by the Missionai'ies at 

*^'Madras and Tranquebar should be bought, in- 

■*'• eluding a supply of 12 ream of Dutfch writiuj 

. ^* and printing pap*er, vellum^ ^parchment, an^ 

'^ other materials for printing and binding of 

** books, ^c. an4 in November n. large, letter of 




^ inrtructims to the Bfiitibiiftrks at Mfcdittn^ 
^' was prepared, and forwarded l^ Mr. Go- 
'' dolphin." 

^^ In the Soeielj's letter of inRtrttdions to the 
<' Missionaries at M adras^ they have desired 
'' the Rev. Mr. SehnlUa would go to FVm« Sl 
^' DaTfd^ to begin the foan^tion of a Mission 
'' there : and the Conrt of Directors of the East 
India Company^ having by their seeretary sig* 
njfied their free consent to building a Church 
'* and two schools at Madras^ in: such manner 
as the governor of Fort St. Creorge^ and the 
Society's agents shall agree^ the SocieQr 
have given full instructions for writing to their 
'* Missionaries and their correspondents to b^n 
those buildings^ in the best manner^ foriM>- 
complishing their desires^ and though this rer 
mittanceii this year cannot be sufficient for thiU 
j^rvice^ they hope that by the assistance whi4:h 
^' the Providence of God may raise up in 
anotiier yefdr^ they qiay be enabled to com-r 
plete those buildings/' 
In the year 1736 the eorrespf)ndence ststea 
th<^. progress (^ thi^ scholars^ and ^* that the num- 
^ berof perqons christened the Jast 'yi^r is7S, 
indudin^ 9 new bcfirn children^ whose psH^nta 
are members of the congregation^ the it$t- are 
'*^ adult people, who with their ebikh^n ttnd fa- 

V miiies^ are come over from the Heathen! That 

V amongst tlkese last^ about a doaeri people were 




Church and a small congregation oij^ifje^yifffffi^ 

;.'■ iwta? 9W^ i^i» y<i!isb«t'*wii afe.-ixi«tfii by » " 

ii' .lefiR l^gt «lW?/HaM*y8W«l^fd8l5/ perapw,, via. 

:. iifj .T^Apf^^PMftllSSIilSQ.^T^rP Mult He«(i«en, 
..':ij§»dih«jf;|»Kft(«<» i^Waiafld cpufttry J|j80^.ca.- 
'"b tfiSh'JWW*'" TJ^ ^ ^***l^ .«VmlW5r^ ^o«e 
-di ^feff *U!R1wl|)tl\e JQfljnS i»le«^«?ff *«ye foe «9 

" 1089 of those that,U|(f) in- the country Oif 

.W.' aUh9liu)»»X).tei^igiy#*. w *eir .d»ry, now 
,^t <JPWW»tt^ #»r >)^af)t of «evppi.f<ifo«ttce8 
JfraW^:»P*«»B«b»WiaWaM»»^^»^^ W4h 

^ m^ ,^„^!^)9ilk(Bipyr0e Cate«jbtij|i^.««erci8ed 

^f'lf^heif i|i^/aj|^ejfii^,,%n(4ip;M,i?»-J^ district of. 

f^;TiJ|W^^flW:.,.tJ^4j^Q',hB*«"^^^ year printed 




^ two small tracts^ and one large one. The first 
'^ tract is a Grammar m the Malabar and German 
*^ languages^ for the use of those who learii 
^ the German tongue, and the second is a short 
^' account of the Mission in Dutch, for the use 
"' of the Dutch in India and those of the Cape 
*' of Good Hope. The large booTc is an Ecde^ 
*' siastical History in the Malabarian tongue, the 
*' title of which will give some idea of the con- 
^' tents of it, viz. A Sacred History 'of what hus 
happened in the Church from the beginning 
of the world to this present time, giving a 
*' summari/ account through seven periods of 
*^ the Old and New Testament, of the origin, 
''' progress, strugglings, and vicissitudes of the 
" kingdoms of light and darkness : with the 
*' discipline and government of the Church, and 
*' the rise of particular doctrines and tere^ 
f' monies ; expounding also the prophetic oratles 
V from historical records. To whie^ are added 
'' chronological references to forti^ history 
'' particularly that of India, for the use of the 
^' more learned in the Church 6f Malabdr, con- 
'^ sisting of about 30 sheets in octavo; the de- 
*' sign of which is, that those people mij^ht be 
^' able from thence to judge wiiat foundation 
" there is for the Romanists bbast of antiquity, 
'^ whereby they impose upon the ignonmt; as 
*' the Gibeonites of old did by their mouldy 
'^ bread and tattered garments. That in the 




»' accoimt of their Missions, and 6f the profM* 
gation of Christianity, they were Very xnuci 
assisted by the Rev. Mr. Millar's History of 
the Propagation of the Gospel. That the 

*' Dutch Minister had written to them front 

f^ Cochin, that he had some time ago ap^Mnnted 
thei*e a Cotechi^ of the reformed religion; 
that there was no hope of converting thd 
Ciiristian Syrians who ackngwletjged the Pope; 

*' that the Dutch Bi, Bataviai as well as at Ne* 
gapatnam,«are very desirous to hear from tbeif 
country of the success of those proposak 
which they formerly mentioned^ in establishing 

'^ a mission in. India a^ other nations have 

•^^ done/' 

It appears that the presents sent this year froni 
the Society to the Mission, amounted to £lbOO 
i3teriing> wluch was ensured accordingly. From the 
Missionariea at Tranquebar ; it is further started 
■^' that4he Malabarian opngrc^tktion in the city of 
" Tranquebar, including the encrease of 95 
*' souls* coosisted of 928. In the Indian con- 
^' grcgatioti in • the adjacent country^ inchiding' 
*' the encrease of 67 new converts, <?onsisted of 
^^ 1140. The '-number of communicants in the 
^' yeut I136r 173, The goods shipped in the 
.^' Wagw wer&^9abieii this year at £1700 steN 
^^ ling, aod lensnced accordingly." Frequent 
«i^itkm m made in these Heports of the kindnesi 




*^ thmgs vriiich will atone fer fli* «t*drfliki^ 
^ ciiarge to the Society ire put to ift buiUling, 
'•*'vii. the sittiatbn <tf the hbuie eretted^-Wlng 
*^'one of the best in the place/ the ground being 
higher attd'frec on all sides; and* flic other 
that it is new ifnd entirely appropriated to te- 
•*^ iSgioas uses, whibh wffl'milkc it thore agrec- 
*' able to the better leasts or trfltea of thi rlatlires^ 
who are *to scrupulous' in Oielf'ehiiStomi^'that 
they make a eonitience ^ f?oing' (b a 'pkice 
formerly dishonored by liny unworthy ric^oh. 
Besides, the inhabitants flifetiiselves t6k^ ^ar* 
titular notice of *flie piety dhd eharil^ thcjrte is 
in building ah Iwmse on purpMe fte'4btlr^in- 
^ stmetion as well &» for the worship' ol Gfod." 
* In another letter, dated at Cuddalore^ he *igr 
^ifliefe' " thatrhis first business in the •scHeol 

^ he had opened, was to teach the children to 

t ♦ ' 

^ read, and to learn the catechism, together with 
^* imie short prayers in Portuguese ; that in 
*^ teaiihing their children a great dffBculty had 

* • ■ 

•^* arififen from the language, because whsit parses 
^^ in the East Indies under the' nama of Portu- 
'"* guese, deserves hardly the name of a langugtge, 
^ as it consists only of 'broken remains ftf 'the 
^'^ tree Portuguese, built ApoA a *M alabar -Ifeun- 
1^' dation, mixed not« only with Malabar and 
»f' Getitoo^ but with Dutch, French^ and EnglisK, 
v^ sa that it differs from the tnke PortugueA^ a*t 
t^ least a« Much ad tfaLe^Putch^does* ft^m^ 'tlic 



H^ifglHfh; '^ ;i«M(b'48 the WMit, i» Oa\f 
*' 4dapte4:td m(Mrc%«tilr¥t9e8>' so ia» to kftve im 
f '^^ w^rcls iBit^expreMv^^itciMM «r ^ feligious 
tlrnigs ; that in order to remove this greM ii» 
p^im^, a Ter J troubkwme prepanbry tiuk 
ria^alwtotely-iiei^eflnry^ vift. ta teach them* fint 
.iM la»guiigeiia^^biohr«hey/ em reoeite ia* 
ytroctioB^ tbflrf^ Qod ha» b«eii pltasdd t6 
^leci. bi8.^en4aavo«rft ii^i kamiiig^ the hmgaagd, 
'.' .he haa &t abool two moiitha pait began t6 
(«iter4ntoi a convenMioii wilh^the natives, and 
baajj9en^in9»(edrliy':ie¥fva>i>f thein, Heirtkerii 
fMc^l . Abhpiaetfmfi, • eome l^ing iahhbilaiili^ df 
Gildilalaae^ .aiid<edief9 e«t of the country: 
IbfKt^ their - dieoavryrN teiw been Mberto^ cftitjr 
ab6|at gQitenaJi potnte, ami it iwidd reqaire lime 
to bria^ any of .them to .ft sQicere desire tind 
^^ love of truth/ beeause these people are not 
Qnly * timorous and slavish, hut likewise ex* 
qefdingly ijeqei^a)^ so that great circumspect 
iion is n^essary tp discover thegr trui^ designs, 
sq ,iwny and W great indeed are the impedi- 
ments to be sumiounted by the natives of th«t 
country^ before they can resolve sincerely to 
*' embrace Christianity, that had he no other 
*' strength to depend on but his ovyn, he should 
despair o£ success : but as he knows that Gjod's 
grace is sufficient for those that rely upon it, 
he resigns bimfielf^ and trusts . the svce^iisa of 
*' his labors in the mission to the blessing of his 


• » 








** Vt^ieaitt, And tbe-iMmdwt trf^ ike Vtdf 

K Spirit." 

TbeJDlMivii MiMiaiMHri«BttT<WB|iiefaBr;be8ide9 
•Ncnl rfwrtlettaw^rrfer to-tfarinlafger oM, ae^ 
fc H Ow Mg i n gV irMi gfcat thankfcdMM, «hft So- 
fMl]^«.S3>«mlit]Fin ftwrnwliiiiy tJicm- wMi books; 
tgAmiBkit wmA '' ttet it has pleaaeiiGod to take 
4^ |» Iwaelf ibeir dear c«Ueagiie, Mr. ChHstiati 
f FiMwie P ^C Mi cr^ -aAertMrehre yean labour in 
»* ft ftiiUM diKhM^e of hit fimctioiw, irvhose 
« deatb* ^«>«evfr, faad<beeafaaffpilyre]MHndby 
'* tbe iimfal of tbree new Miasknariei, Memours 
*" ab«cli,]Cottioff. wd Wedebroeck. They far- 
tiKff «ifon» the Society tbat the CA«rch tbere 
tfsa a iw gwmt»d hat year with 609 penoos, viz. 
Atl^mnqnebav - - - - - ^ - 135 
)&. thftXfWtry atyacent • • «■ •. • 474 

^ ftfi encr^ase that they had never had before 
^ m any one year: that the Portuguese con- 
'^ gregations consist at present of 285 persons^ 
^ including 36 adult persons^ and children bap- 
*' tiz6d last year. That to the Malabaric con- 
^ gregation at TPranquebar, there are added 94, 
f 9 children, and 65 adult Heathen, who to- 
gether with the former members, make up 
•^ 1003 souls. That in the country their encrease 
^' has beeni by 474 persons, viz. .^ , ' 





'' S58 Pagans, and 

/^ SSS.P!^^i«li ooniuig*ovcr te mt ChMick' 
Sot OuA ibe whole congregvtimi ^UMMlft ttr 
1899, and'tlMt have beenc ofamteiedl: fralm 4ht 
bq^mnhig of the Mksieii 461ft9pola. 
.'^ Thailhnr feUowrtoboaMrir eC tbe^ MMah^' 
riiioi/'axe at freMtttjtkvee wirior, «ad.tite6 
jvnior caieckivte, witk Jtovo^ daaoaniicaMa^ irtMl 
.hture Uwiii reapeotive empki^^Mtoto al *Tnui- 
f/o <{iicikM. That the achaok an « uotece^cdd 
iVfMti*f tbesr «AM, und' baulks Choae diiMieli 
^':rd)9t 'A^qnaM'tfaem . feom^ «bMa<l, Wthey.lutve 

cf 42 girk4n (he Maiabaiiaatichooly and * 

■ t^ 19 beysy and 

15 girls in the Portaguese scbook^ 
making in all 140^ who are lodged^ dieted^ 
and clothed by the goodness of thQir bene- 
factors^ taught by eight masters and two lais- 
tresses^ and because their lodgings are tdd 
straight, they have begun to erect anotheit 
spacious building, which they hop^ to finiflill 
next year. That in the printing presa tte 

*' historical books of the Old Testament, ia tfai 
Portuguese language, are^ entirely finished, 
three copies whereof they have sent over for tb6 
Soci^y's accieptance ; that the fmnder of prints- 

^ ia^l^Mters, an {kropean,. died on the 6tb <ii. 





'' September, 1738, atter faalmig $eanffd the 
^ Mission many years hi that quality ; they add 
«' that the political affairs of the kingdom of 
^ Tanjere have had some influence on thooe of 
ff. teligton, which ttiey hope, by ioMnsible steps, 
'^ may provid^tialiy make way for tlie destroying 
'Vihe Heathen idolatry, ^4 estatdisboig Christi;^ 
ff anity; that tliey continue to cukttvate their 
f« correspondence witli the Di|tA aettk^Miits, 
^ .who confer many favoi's on the Misaion , That * 
f*. Barmi.Van linliolf, governor 6§ Ceykm, has 
?' set up . a printing press at Colusidio, where 
'f, the New Testament is 4^ranslated into the Sin- 
^' galean language, and is now in the press; 
'' that the autlior of this praiseworthy under- 
'^ talcing has published two small books in diat 
" language, copies of which they have presented 
*^ to the Society, one containing the Lord's 
f* Prayer, the Creed, and the ten Command- 
•V ments, the other the abridgement of the Pro- 
*^ testant Confession and Creed, designed for 
f such as are. about to learn Christianity, and 
'' go to the Communion. That they have sent { 

V to the Governor a large quantity of the books 
f^ of Moses, and other historical books of the 'T 

*' (Md Testament, printed tliere in the Portuguese j 

'^ language, and also to Batavia 150 copies of 
f' the same books for the use of the Pwrtuguese 
'' congregation there, which is numerous : that 
f' they labor much, and pray for nothii^^ more 



^^ thfliii that 6Veiy tongve may confess that Jesm 
'^ Christ is Lord^ to the glory df God the Father, 
'^ and that all the lindertakingti of the Society to 
'^ that end may be attended with success. 

To aU these kttdrs^ particnlar answers have 
been sent in the name of the Society^ by the 
G(dchester^ Gapt. Micklefield^ and the Gsesar, 
Capt. Cmnings^ in the former of which em- 
barked in the year 1739, Mr. John Zachariah 
'' Kiemander to succeed Mr. Sartorius in the 
" Mission at Cuddalore, being recommended by 
" the learned Mr- Professor Prank, at Halle, in 
*' Saxony, where he had been for some time pre- 
'^ ceptor, and afterwards inspector of the Orphan 
^* House* 

Mr. John t^hilip F^abricius, and 
Mr. Dan. Zegler, 

*' Missionaries from the college W Oennlark, for 
" Tranquebar. 

*^ The Society have also sent the salaries to 
^^ their Missionaries at Madras and Cuddalore, 
together with the books, the printing and 
writing paper, and all other things that were 
•* depiied by them or their brethren at Tran- 
*^ quebar, over and above their tisual presents : 
'^ i\ifise goods, including the article of foreign 
'' silver for the service of the whole Protestant 
" Missfon in the East Indies, were packed up 
'* in 13 chests or parcels, and shipped en boad 





" ingthe Colchester, Capt. Micklefield, and bem^ 


valued at ,£1500 sterlings that sum has bcteA 
iusured by order of the Society, atid as th6 
Court of Directors of the East India Com- 
pany have been so kind as to allow not only 

**' all tliat has been sent as ab6ve, to go as tistal, 

*' freight freCj but likewise to give leave that 

'\ the aforesaid Missionaries should have theilr 
passage, together with their baggage, clealr 
of all demands from, or payments to the Com- 
pany ; the Society do hereby desire them to 
accept of this public testimony of their gral- 

'* titude for tins and all their former favors to 

" the Mission." 

The account for the year 1740, states that 

the British " Mission at Port St* George; goes on 
well ; that Mr. John Henry Hutteman had been 
engaged in translations of several pieces into 

*' the Malabaric tongue, and had discovered 
that what is erroneously called by the Euro- 
peans, the Moors language, is the old fiast 

" Indian tongue, or Indostan language, from 
whence the otlier language^ \\\ the country 
have their origin and construction, the which 
is now used among all the people that are still 
Heathen, though sincfe the country has been 
conquered by Tamerlane, the Mahomedans 
have introduced the Persian characters ; nay, 
he thinks it probable that this is the 'old Per- 
sian tongue, formerly spoken as well in Persia 













as in thif country^ now called the dominion of 
the Gi:*eat Mogul/' 

In fai$ journal Mr. Schukze remaiks, that 
though the Protestant converts to Christianity 
are fw, the most part inhabitants of the dis- 
^^ trict round Fort St. George^ which belong to 
tibe Eafit India Company^ yet for the three 
last years there have been several dispersed 
throQgh Ihe Mogul's country/^ 
In the account for the year 1741^ Mr. Schultze 
observes that he has endeavoured to prepare some 
*^ youths for the service of the Mission in quality 
*^ of Gateehists and Schod Masters: that the 
^' Mission is well provided with translations of 
^ the Bibie, and other books into the Malabaric 
'^ and Gentoo languages^ for Ihe benefit of the 
*' new converts. That he has gained one point, 
^ which he ainost dei^mred of, viz. the be- 
^^ ginning of a Malabarian schodi for the ohil* 
'^ dren of the Heathen^ under a Christian school^ 
'^ master^ in order to come to a more intimate 
^' acquaintance with the inhabitants. That there 
^^ are at present 8 boys in all, sons of m^chants 
*' and tradesmen in Cuddalore^ and that he hence 
hopes to find, by the blessing of Grod, an 
happy entrance of Christian religion among 
the natives. That the Mission library has been 
encreased by a donation of books from Pro- 
^^ feasor Fianck, at Halle ; that as to their print- 






iog this year, they have published a netv edrfiotl 
of a Dialogue betwixt a Christian and a Ma- 

" bometafo, with a History of the Passion, Re- 
surrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christy 
which they hope will be of great use, and 
have sent a copy to the Society. The print- 
ing of the Old Testament in Portnguese is 

*^ likewise eontinued."" 
In the report of the year 174^, it k stated that 
some of th« youth» who had been wholly in- 
structed in the school of the £nglishMission,were 
now able to perform the duty of school masters 

'^ and catechists, that three of them continued 

'' with him, and were assistants to him in one 

'^ or the other of these respects, and that a fourth 
was gone upoa the like senrice to the Mission 
at Tranquebar. That besides the Mission 

'' school. in the Malabarian tongue, they hare 
begupR to keep a little Portuguese one for the 
poor Protestant children that come from Pa- 

^ liacatte and Sadras. That a certain native of 
BoFear,near Tranquebdr,together with his wife, 
having been eon verted to Christianity by the 
opportunity they met with at Port St. Greorge, 
and afterwards being so far instructed as to 
be able to teach and do the duty of a Gatechist, 
had been some yeai*8 with them in tbe Mission 
in that capacity. But having a mind to go and 
sec his relations at Tranquebar, as sooir as he 









^ came to Negapatnam, the Dutch Minister 
^' there chose him to the same office among the 
^^ bhck Christians in that town. 

'* That the work of the Mission at home and 
^^ in the country round Tranquebar, goes on 
•^ with extraordinary success, so that these con- 
gregations had in the year 1739, been encreased 
with 738 souls. That the new buildings they 
had begun for tlic Malabarian schools, were 
alifiost finished, at an expence of 8372 dollars, 
and that they had just printed a new correct 
edition of the Gospel, in the Tamulic language, 
together with a Grammar, to which they 
hoped, ere long, to add a new and complete 
Dictionary." Another letter, December 1741, 
states '^ that their congregations were encreasea, 
*' the Portuguese W, the Malabarians of the 
'' town with 117 souls, including 17 that had 
*' been instructed and christened on that side of 
^' Cape Comorin, by Mr. "Walther, one of their 
^^ brethren on board the Danish ship, when he 
^ was going back for Europe, that to the Ma- 
'* labarian congregation in the country 103 were 
" added; so that the whole encrease for that 
^^ year was ^6 souls : that their new augmen- 
tations, added to all former accounts, from 
the beginning of the mission, make up a nuni- 
** ber of 5959 souls, whereof there remained 
*' alive 3766 at the end of the year 1740, 





'^ The Malabarian school consuls at present 

of - - . . -\ . . . fSSboyfi, 

i 57 girb^ 

Portuguese ditto (16 boys, 

. Il7 girls. 

They state further that '^ by leave of the 
college at Copenhagen^ they had, 28th of 
December, ordained Diego, a man of an ex* 

*^ idellent character, to be a priest, becwse Aaron 
wa^ now infirm, and not abl^ to perform the 
duties of a minister to so large a congregation. 

^^ That as to their printing this year, they had 
got a new edition of a small ti^atise, called 
the Way to Salvation, in the Malabar tongue, 
which was all they could do, becanite of a 
scarcity of paper, except two or three sheets 

'' of the Portuguese Bible. That the printing 
of th<e Port^g^ese Old Testainent, was very 
earnestly desired by the Dutch ministers at 
Batavia : tliat the Heidelberg Catechism in the 
Sing-alean tongue, had been printed at Ceyion, 
and the Gospel according to St. Matthew in 
the Malabarian, that language being used in 
the north of Ceylon. That the Rey. Mr. 
Aguiar, who had lived 10 years as % Protestant 
Missionai^ at Calicatta, in Bengal, was apT 
pointed Portuguese preacher at Coluitibo and 
other places at Ceylon. Tliat at Batavia there 
was a great want of Portuguese and Malayan 
preachers, by reason several were lately de- 











*^ ceased: that Mr. Sichterman^ the Dutch di- 
rector at Hpugly in Bengal^ fS^^^^y wishing 
a Protestant Mission might l^e estabUshed at 
C^icatta^ had promised to give aiiy Missionaries 
all the liberty and encouragement in the Dutch 
territori^^ in 4ii» power. 
. In the Report fqr the year 1743, the Rev. Mr. 
Philip Fabricius acquaints the Society with his 
ari^ival at M^dras^ to supply the place of Mr. 
$chuItZ9# ^ho was returning^ to Deniaark.. " That 
he ci^UBOt s^y more in this beginning of his 
ministry, but only that he shall put his trust 
in God, and depend upon his providence and 
grace in the overcoming all difficulties, and 
bringing ^he good work he has begun there to 
'/ perfection, an4 for raisijag up-benefactors who 
'^ mity}6 and wilUng to .supply all (he 
'^ wante pf 4he Mission, in like manner as pri« 
^^ miftive believers djd on tlie first preachioig of 
f^ Christianity. Tiiat the Roman Catholics are 
'^ in so much <:redit in the to>vii, as to have per- 
^f wisftioji to chrt£^e^n an^d instruct the slaves 
'^ even of Englinh families, who he wishes would' 
-'' shew somewhat i^ore of countenance and re- 
^."^ gavd to. a jProtestaiiC Mission, under the sole 
/' direction of the <^nglish Society for promoting 
^' Qhristism KuowJedge. 

'' He adknowledges the ^ant of ^100 from 
/^ Mr. Professor Franqk, out of his remittance 
/' to the Mission at Tranquebar : that there was 




'^ addetf to the Malabarian congregation the hst 
year^ 3 baptized persons^ and 6 communi* 
nicant$ ; and to the Portuguese congregatiOQ^ 
2 baptized^ and 3 communicants: that from 
among the Heathen they had gained 3 pro- 
selytes^ a man and his ivife, with their child, 
who werie baptized the Snd of January^ and 
were now instructing and preparing for bap* 
tism 7 groM'n persons^ most of them reb^ 
tions to these proselytes^ and that with the 
Diyine blessin^^ they were in hopes of being 
*' more snccessful tlian ever in their labors for 
'' the glory of God, and sahration of souls/^ 
It is then stated, '^ that the Mission had sus- 
'^ tained a great loss by the death of governor 
'' Hobart, who was one of its best fnends. A9 
^^ to the sphools belonging to it, they iMtTe in the 
f' Malabarian 40 Heathenish children, insfructed^ 
but not maintained. In the Portuguese school 
they have at present but 5 (children, instructed 
and maintained, with 2 slaves, maintained by 
'' their masters, who are to be baptized as soon 
as they are taught and qualified.'' 

The Society," it i^ added, f considering 
the present state of their Mis^oris, and Aat 
Mr. Schultze ip returned to Copenhagen, and 
'' his place at Madras only provided for by a 
tempomry supply from' Mr; Pabricius, the 
Society considering these things, and how 
much the glory of God, and the salvation of 






'* soukj are concerned in a successful pMmoting 
'^ of Christian knowledge in this trading part 
^ of the world, upon receiving likewise a 
^ most friendly and Christian letter from MrJ 
'^- Professor Fnmk, 4>f Hslle^ in Saiu»y, ftdl of 
^^ good-will ^toward their Missions at Madras 
*^ andCuddalore/and proposing to pay the whole 
^ expence, of sending two Missionaries thither/ 
^ have desired him ta look out two proper per- 
^^ sons for this work, and have agreed to allow 
^' them a salary of «£50 a year each, notwith^ 
*^ standing they have no settled fiind to support 
^' so extraordinary an expence, but depend for 
r it,, from year to year, on the voluntary bene- 
fections of such charitable and well-disposeii 
persoos as have in them the same spirit of 
zeal as moved the Society to begin and en« 
large these 'their Missions, in hopes that the 
same wise and good providence of God which 
hath hithexto blessed them in all their under- 
takings to spread the pure Gospel of his Son; 
Christ Jesus, in all parts of tlie world, wiH 
raise up benefactors to contribute whatever 
money shall . be wanted toward this : and the 
'^ more S0k,.co9sidei:ii^^that most of the discou- 
^^ ragements.and obstacles that attend the begin- 
i' nittgs .of Missions, are in good measure over- 
come, iiiasnuich as many of the nalives are 
now qualified for schoolmasters and catechists 
ip tile Indian language ; nay, some at Tran- 









quebar to be Missionaries th^nselves. Ac* 
cordingly> Mr. Professor Franck,. as an earnest 
1^ of his regard to the Society^ as well as bir 
zeal to this branch of tlieir Designs^ has this 
year remitted <£^50 towards the support of these 
English Missions/' 

The Tranqnebar Misfitonaiies state^ '^ that 
they liad sent Mr. Fabricius to Madras^ but 
hoped for his return to them again^ if fresh 
'f labourers could be found ; that the Portuguese 
^' Church among them is augmented with 18 
" members^ viz. 13 infants baptized^ and 5 con* 
" verted from the Church c^ Rome : and that to 
*'^ the Malabarian town Church ace added 127 
'' souls^ viz. 52 in&uts^ 67 Gentiles baptized^ 
" with 6 Roman Catholic converts^ and 2 
*^ Christians from other places. That the Ma« 
^' labarian town school is now opened, where 
^' 98 boys and 59 girts are taught and maintamed. 
^' That what they had long desired, the hanng 
litde schools in the country, wais now accom- 
plished, there being two opened, viz. one at 
'' tiie town of Tanshaur, and one in that of 
^'..Tirapalaratey. In the first are 10 Christian 
'^ and some Gentile children, in the ctiier 7 
childien instructed gratis; that the couatry 
Church is this year augmented with 148 souls, 
viz. 69 children baptized, 70 adults, and 9 
" Roman Catliolics; that the ministers 4)ften 
" meet those dispersed over the country, by 










'^ which means they haye frequent opportunities 
'^ of bringing the Heathen over to the knowied^e 
*' of Christ ; that the Missionaries in the town> 
and the native labourers in the country^ . ha4 
this year about 1 100 communicants^ that Mr 
'^ Wezelius, the Dutch minister at Columbo^ is 
very industrious in edifying the Singalean and 
M alabarian people upon the Island of Ceylon ; 
^' that some Malabariau Christians came to them 
'' from Columbo, and desired the Holy Bibl^ 
and some other spiritual books^ with which 
they supplied them^ upon assurances that the 
books they formerly had were handed about, 
and read by some good Christians who meet 
*' together in order to edify, one another." 

In the account for the year 1744, the Rev. 
Messieurs Guicsler and Pabricius, the Society's 
Missionaries at Madras^ near Fort St. George; 
in their joint letters^ dated 4th January, 1743, 
acquaint the Society " that they had received 
'^ the several benefactions sent from England ; that 
as they had not then kept a particular journal 
in English of all their transactions, they en- 
^^ closed an abstract of the state of the Mission, 
*' from the beginning to that time, by which it 
^^ appears, that from the 26th of September^ 
1728, till the end of the year 1743, there liad 
been christened, or admitted into their con- 
gregations, from Heathenism and Popery, 
^' children included, 753 souls, viz. 



" Into the Malabar congregation > • 75$ 
f' To the Portuguese congregation * 17 


*' In the year 1743 there were 62 added to 
these congregations, amongst whom were 34 
converts from Popery ; they had then also 
•' 123 communicants, and nine catechumens^ 
that they maintained 40 children this last yea^ 
entirely at the charge of the Mission. That 
they are still in great want of a Church larg^ 
^, " enough to hold 500/' 

Prom the Journal of Mr. Fabricius it appears^ 
that he had converted and baptized several 
Heathen by his conferences with them, and 
that besides preaching himself to the Heathen5 
within the limits of the company*8 district, he 
^' had four times this year sent a catechist and 
'' schdolmaster with good success into the 
^* country to seek: for some dispersed Christians, 
" and to confer with the Heathen. The Rev. 
*' Mr. Kiernander states that he had several ca- 
^ chumens under preparation for baptism, tliat 
'' the schoolmaster Thomi^, and th^ catechist 
" Amlirose, go' on well with business, that the 
catechist, as well as himself go out into the 
villages tAvice a week to visit the new Chris- 
tians, and to make known to the Heathens the 
way to salvation, that the Malabari^u cop- 





" giegation had been encrcased this year 37, 
'' viz. 34 natives and three Roman Catholios ; 
'^ that the congregation consis^ted of 59 persons 
'' whereof 21 were communicants; that the 
'^ number of children now entirely maintained in 
^* the Malabarian and Portuguese schook were 
'^ 24. 

Professor Pranck having engaged to look 
out for two proper persons for new Mission- 
aries upon his own kind promise to pay the 
expence of their voyage has accordingly pro- 
" cured two new Missionaries, viz. tlie Rev. 
Messrs. Breithaupt, and Klein, who are now 
gone at „the„ Professor's own charge to supply 
the places of Mr. Fabricius and Mr. Zeglier 
at Tmnquebar ; the Professor likewise out of 
his affectionate regard to the Society as well as 
'' zeal to this branch of their Designs has remit- 
*' ted thither a further sum of 3001. towards the 
'' support of the two Englisli Missions at Ma- 
'^ dras and Ciiddalore. 
TTie Missionaries at Tranquebar state, " that 
they had gone as far as the 24:th chapter of 
Proverbs in an impression of^ the Portuguese 
' " Bible, and had sent as a present to the Society 
'' three copies of the Gospel according to St. 
'' Matthew, and thrie of a new Grammar in the 
*' Tamulic characters ; and find it will be neces- 
*' sary to print the Bible in that language, they 
^ having great application made to tliem for it. 


'' and that their town church v^bb the last year 
encreased by an additicm of 116 adult persons^ 

'^ To the Portuguese congregation - . 6 
^^ Malabarian congregation - - 105 
'^ Ditto of Roman Catholics * - & 





^ Over and above 97 children^ 15 whereof be- 
" longed to Portuguese parents, and 82 to Ma- 
•* labarian^ all members of their congregation ; 
*' that to the country church were added 335 
^^ souK viz. 

'^ Of Adult Heathen - - . - . . 236 

'^ Roman Catholic converts • - 6 
^ Children baptized - . > - . 9S 

" That the total number admitted from the 
beginning of their Mission amounts to 6,800 
persons, of .which were then living 4,480. 

'^ That Pastor Aaron, and Diego, together with 
a catechist, employ five or six weeks at a tiiqe 
in instructing those that catne for baptisQi, 
before they are baptized^ in the principles (^ 

^' the Christian Religion ; that the two little 
schools at Transdiaur and Tirapalaturey are 
jn a good good state and of particular .service 
to the Mission, as places wherein to preach 




^ and perform other divine offices in the coun-^ 
try ; that two native ministers^ had travelled for 
two^ three^ four^ nay sometinies for six weeks 
together at diff^ent times to instruct the dis^ 
persed ChristiaBs^ anil to administer the holy 
Sacrament among them; that Pastor Aaron 
'' in his travels towards the Souths instructed 
and baptised seven Pagans near the Maraver 
tract under many troubles and abuses both 
from the Roman Catholics^ and the Heatliens ; 
that Pastor Diego in his travels to the same 
place afterwards met with a Heathen master 
who gave him an extraordinary character of a 
*' Christian servant whom he had taken for his 
'' herdsman J and wished 1^ had more Cliri^- 
tian servants ; that they conceived gveat h€|)e8 
from the travels of these two ministers amongst 
the viHages. 
'' That the Roman Catholics still continue 
^' their inveterate hatred of them ; that gn ap-^ 
/ plication having beeu made to them by 100 
persons in the country for two Arabic Testa* 
ments they had compHed with their requests, 
and at the same time made a present of several 
other booksi, and that they had the satisfaction 
'^ to hear from one of the Christian converts that 
'^ they had done a great deal of gobd^ as we hope 
'' to hear the same of some Artbic Testam^ats, 
'' which Mt. Glrtsiskr has found means to>dis- 
'* persa^ by way of Mocha ; that in the Portu^ 






?t fheur/qhftitck? «ijtheatoira Mbf nbo:0ii«|Hf fof' 

Mfitkottt the touai: . ITfaof requorf^tliefMittj^ 

to supply them with printing paper and othef^ 

If ineifeessaries for ^ JuUijmip wi :thfc piinlfcig'of 

'^! books in the PcMrtn^eieiaildlfllfter' languages. 

V :By> the AAddupt/iBrj tfaB7)3dfllBiC746 it is stated 

'in the Journal^ '^ that the Christians are so 

'^'encreased in the neighbouring villages as to 

<'' have with the consent of. the Heathen, ma- 

^[ gistrates a Christian warden ^r.head ^man apj: 

^^ pointed' over them accordjn^ to the custop), of 

''^ the counfry, and that Mr. Gneisler on visiting 

*^'' thd IVfalabiiri^Q Christians at Palacilttl found 

<'*^thpTe a'cppifregat of about l^ip^uding^ 

•'*',^me Pprtuffuese, and^that t^up refider ^a4 

^*:been >ro\ight up V th? |^issiQn. pf ft^adra^^ 

''^.Tiie ;ReVj^ J|Ir. .]^^ acquaints ;|h« 

«^.&?cib't^. ;t|lat j'the^Ma^^^ congregation 

^^ has blpeii ehc^eased thts year 15, so that Ihj? 

?^' number .W thi^'VoJ^^j^K^li??^ at p^resent 71. 

' '^ fields and private cottages, Tind that in their 





^. ichoob th^ iMw t«iglil^-MO «UMren« that 
" the«e MalalNunaa coagisgatMNM in the/town 
" church bad b«^ encreaicd 69« vjm. 08 Pagans, 
** of whom 10 were chiMcea, and 6 Roaian Ga« 
" tholic converts : that the Malabarian country 

congregation had an enercase of 143, viz. ISl 

adults^ and 81 children from the Heathen^ 
" with 21 Roman Catholic converts. That they 

this year had christened of new IxHrn childi«n, 


" In the Portognese Chnrvb ... 18 
" Mahfaarian town ... 29 
** Malabarian comdy Church - 39 

•• To these letters^ answers toive been re- 
'^ turned^ and the several things desired by the 
Missionaries sent^ jmrticularly 30 reams of 
printing paper^ and all things' necessary for 
'' the printing press and book binding, together 
'^ with their salaries and a benefaction of SOOL 
^ from Mr. l^rofessor Franck^ all which things 
*'' go freight free by the favplir of* the Uonoura** 
*' ble Court of Directors of the East tndia Cqm- 
'" pany, who are hereby desired to accept of the 
heartiest thanks of the Societj^id pabUc testi* 
mony of the gratiraBe and obhi^tion's/' 
In the general Account of (m fhcitty for 
'47, the Sodcty ttprdiiir iti iMm "^ that it 





t ntay jAease ^ gh^tiijiv^ PA>vitIeciC0 \AAth hS 
?* hitherto wotiikifiilfy prospered fhb, and afl 
^^ its i^feVtttkin^^^^to' raise «p isucb n trtily 
^ tMiSBkn ^ifHi lis #iU Unddiihttediy supply aD 
•^ BMHr-ifrante."'- • -'• ' ^ -' 
-" Shch tf spira fthiy-add) as shews itedf in 
f' IVtr. P/ofts^or Pranck of Hafe in Saxony, 
^ ti^lio remittances toward carryiiig on this 
i' piotrs and glOTious design, have been Idtge and 
f' constant." 

^ In "^ the Account of thja Missions for the aarae 
year/ the 'Missionaries lett Madras' inform the So* 
fcicty, '' that the traAskti^n of lh*€Kurch of En^- 
'^ land CateclRsm is finished^ and will be used 
1' Jot the future ; that the number of children 
/' .belcKiging to tjie jyiis^ioa is 49/' . ,. ^ 
.; JPfom the Mission at Cuddalor^ tji^ number ad^ 
'.de4 to the congvegation in the year pa^ i^ .stated 


From the Mission at Tranquebar, the death of 

J^, Obncb and Pastor Aaron is thus announced, 
•' the former died Aug. 23, 1745. He was a most 
y faithful and affectipnate brother to them, con^cii^ 
/' entioBs in thf .discharge of hjs diity, and peiw 
". ifleverii\g in it feven so as not to regard hw 
J" life. The latter died but a little before^him 
'' on JunQ the i4tli wlth^so amiable a character 
/' for hj&^.hply, conversation, gop4 temper, and 
'^ exipnipl^rjj^ur,^tb«rt .^H^&tj?^ ^o kpey 
'^ him could not but lament bis death^ for he waa 





a native W^^^ ^V^ the school of Cttd^^^fe 
from whenc? be iresioved to Tranqu?bax/ . 
where he^b^c^roe a achopl master, then a ca^ 
Idchift,, ^d, a. Ja^t an. itiueTp.Qt pastqr and. 
teacher thf^gl^ f U th^ Christian co^grega- , 
tions iq thf^ cyuntryyjn vvbiph* office he was .fa, 
diMgent as j><»8ih)<^. £p];,^ven years^ an4 h^d , 
wil^^nthat4;iipe ^onverteclmany hundiced squIsm 
Nayi hi# end^ems to have been h^tened by^ 
bis journejings axid fatigue. From thf^ same , 
caufift hjit brother. i|fd companioa in labor. 
Pi^Btfur Dieg9;^a4 beep m\i nigl) uati^, deaths » 
''^.butGod b^^dfinercx p^;I)iiqjtan(I spared, bis* 
't lifejto thefn for the wftr^cKfi'^^nst^" ,. , .. 
. Th^. return an apf:c^fit.,^fjl^ ff^uls added 
thip ye^..tQ'jiie,Mfda^%rja)» pl^ur^b^ f^fiarti^u* 
larjy jce^jmpendiijg tt|B jgljopls .a/» .*be .ii)ost 
Ukely, mea^g t^ propacH^te C^isti^iiity^ adding. 
'' that the.H^ath^n nativ/^ we inaiiy..i^, thfouso. 
civil and iif^nd of having 4&eif childf^.taughfc 
as even to contribute towaids ^b^ild^ tt^sa 
*' sebools; It is wUb plMsore. (th(^ wbjoin) 
'/ that ihey iaibrfli the Soeiety^ tbat^e^.upcl^a- 
tian a^d inJ(HlinB» practice of 4live selling has, 
by God's good Providence^ c^aneA this year^ at 
Tmiquebar^ and they fiad ttie Mahometans 
ttie most obstinate people' of any ^tl^ey Dseet 
with in 'jtheir 4;onferenees and; preachings sa 
i' that ^ejK l^ve pot made cme cMivert among 
i\ .them< fiMi Abe jbcfgvutjng lof the Mission/* 






*'' cent toulm of Madras. Thx^ivKma'^keSfi* 

" liiissidii^'/cfid n«^ertiiV<Iestf^6n)er(b«n/^%kfeNalf 
t*^ of. A<*';iffi^1ish seiaemeVi^^'W^'Me^'fteiit 
''' MflidrassV an^ thiit-'Aen- IVfisioili^liWBwev <t«T«- 
"' f^m/whl^ Wlf Of the Bittc)H^i(^t^flMllUr^ 
»'' demolished kpbti ilfie. I7th if Jatt^. m«tiHK^ 
*^ wtificl 'they retii«dto'Fiaiia<!ottft;^ OtrteWMf- 
<~ tleirieni^ ^eire' Aie goteii'iH>r'^*B>tlifein «^ 
" hoepttj^e and kind reception : fliat nMk^tltt 
'<^ assisfa'nce (rf'Wc4tecli!st ^B^ 
'^ 'kr;Mri^'took'ilte K««^4UM hewitM not 
''* 6nly dl tHoMT OhriMlun iiiat -«iNfir«'^^h' hiAi it 
^ Mftiuitte/'btit lilRWiie of Hli«i A«^^ he 
» hadf mad<f and' left Vehmtt ^M'^ln tite <nUgh- 

^' l^urk'odd of mMnM'/biMiiiyASc'k'Ae<xotk' 
^ stahtty ' V^nt tf^er^ VfdHf • 'inti^Uhe hmagea 
'*'iivkn& Ititti aMoA^ tM lt«fttlMii>iW«nMk« 
^ KiibWhtd tliem'ihefii«<'and4io(ilriiw albthe 
'' Chtfetiaif i^eK^h." - /r)Pt <>} o.., - 

^ ^ l^el^issidnary'M CttddatoraiMkv'lhpiaaidtf 
meiitifins " the %rcat UndM^' df itift hMgo- 
** vern^r of tttri 9(. iMvid; Mi^^'^IilMdt- whtfiliad 
'^^ 'dischtlf;^ hi# tt^8tthei« #i«» grMt|*rttdbnct 
" aiid^iioilk aiid t6 ^nhr^Ml atilillMttth p.hil 


^ffnfliejHCVtiftlie Kii#Mf ^.fl^fe' ^?5fJ^^ *» 

fTiOm 'ttwwfewQ* ttAfflll^ ^"fitef ^^S"' ^ **• 
« the tcstotor's will, partiin^lf!«|^.^^<?f,l5ipii^ 


ffjiMiHk of Ifte AiiEti|otl..(,he«»..h4K .be^n en^ 

1fvgaaSB»iBtid.l>fiBva*Pcfi€^ that from the be- 
^' ginning of the Mission to thikt time tbei;e ^ad 
/^rlleen-Bfil sotfb inoei'pomtediaibeiriSpngrega- 
ffiibhft.** , • . » ^' 

} .The Society auligoins a notie to< thejUttier of 
JMr. Pabrichis to this effect, '' N. B, Qeitalso 
jf added hare^ ithat da^. zeal apd^lwi^ity of Mr. 
/< Fabridiiis in his work of the )^d ^ such that 
t^l for some time he has abated ne^ly oiie«*(bird 
.^ of his own salary^ and brought i( |o^li|e pftblip 
^'. ttcooUnt, liying himself af tetr , tl^e .Malabajfiaa 
^' manner upon the coarsest diet^ and (jrinking 
!f' . nc tbiiig hut water/' . i 

From the Mission at Cuddfilore> Mr.. liLierpaa- 
iter writes 'that he had baptized 7 Catechwnens^ 
and that the next Sunday he haped to b^ptiys 30 
. (Molt Heathens^ and Koeive 3 Roman (Catholics 
4ot6- his congregation. The next letlef, from the 
iuime pkce statea that their coBgragjation amannt- 
ed to S4tl soub^ baring had within th(9 jew an 
^ercase of 167. They state ag»i^ tfie grefit im- 
portance of the schoqis as the ..cbijsf n\eans for 
the introduction of Christianity f|^n...the 
liMthen. A further benefaction of 'Mr. Pro- 
fessor Franck is. then acknowledged-. Jt>iB ad- 
ded^ '^'tbat the council^ phaplaw^ and.peq[ile of 
^^ Port St. i}>avi4'8 had shewed them ejctraordin^iy 


*' Floyer, £iq. hSLS An ail emetgencksuipiMNMrcA 

^^ bii»elf their friend^ siay/hos aiMrad the So^ 

^ ciety by a letter dated July ftS, 17d8» :tlui* He 

'' will take their Proti^staat Minion there ithder 

5^'hir .pfoteelion^ and : awiib tbnoi di inrbih 

.^^ powef" ' ■; 

• The MitBii^arieB at Tranqsehar meotioML the 

'botmly -of /Pro&ssor Fraftiek^ aa hanag betea 

«fcg«iii/4iteBt*seaB0ii«bly exteaded to them, and 

thcysfeaApiibtediaae^^ of a little tihct, 

enttffeA-tbe Order of 8alTa«ioiii, and yren gdiit|p 

on vhtiHiik'imbcmd impressim pC the New Teattt- 

ment in tlie Tamulie language^, as also «aritfaEt the 

Books of the Prophets in the^Portagoese*.^ . ^^ 

The AccoiOit of Missions tiieyeifr 

- 1760/giTes' a report from 4he Sfedras* Misaion, 

^ that snch a protiiton HadAeen made tkooiigfa 

'^ the good offices of Adafimd Botoawen^ that 

'^' the British Missiotii at Madras 1^31 be parki- 

''•xalariy encom^a^ed by the go^emor and edun* 

'^* cil^ who had agreed and 'resoked to put the 

^^ Midsionaries there into possession of the new 

^" biiOt country church n^ai^ that town, together 

-^* with'vthsi houses and gardens bd^^nging to it. 

^^ Thlsvahniiili^ iiiey^d.iWas bnlH by theJRo- 

•^^ mad ^Catholic Portuguese sinc^ JVfadms w4s 

' ''* taken by the French^ add 19 a fine/ bniFd^ 

*^' ing.-^' . • ' . .1. . . I. ":. ... '* 

pah -nMuntoiiirol i y twfUiirf iiMfrMtii*/bblMH( 70 

y««r introdiiodifAe'ii^iNiitilnwM «r4&4Plhew.iBAr. 

ncntljr-Mrvioeiiblj tetthpJMlMiiwiJyfirhriS^ y i tty^ 

" IhPOfideiicecjfMotodiaavTffti i i rihly jpriB ti g ft J 

«' and cttnUMn^ CwOicr'tlJd jJMiiqptotii^itlllit 
** iiiiair4>paMi9 te.aii fintl^ioteitaall AfipfkNis 
" JAllie BMltladiM, Jkyefi M^ la toedpireooactft- 
^.teaot with >ft«3l2^)agc 3«tb|k>pfirtNf#i^iCttd 
f with Bn>fbfa»iiWck«|i|Ut^iDi<aapipbdfkd 
tr«- ntppoiVitlMMi^^tiietititftii lin^Oi^tlupUew 

'' Miy .nf|i(illetf<.{ti i i q i a w^^ «i|lv«di«p JliHigh 1>j^ 

r the Te»<waiiiahfailyfi%fai»l»ii8yti<pfc pi»»fil| the 
<' <icHe§;»'4n494he3 i Buf i p^ thMtai^nnuMii- 
'^ tiofiiMe»t!lthe afWaM*<iPi rfFfMffriy tSwartg, 
«< :J)OTid< Aillti|A9|liti;im4 J^lk^ H*to>ii(itr 
J» tcflBW ba <my»t> to flEhiiri|pibw qpAiMittl fbe 

// (mmtiDgii'ifalmmiaiipoiL lhciiiip«t(for1iM 8«r- 
fic^.of .tllaiaKei«liMii#hQ>B>iilMt fMjfolA fhc; 
** case of mortality, but of their greatfewhyiiWm 

if^laod«D]tfs«Qdil£/iitKibiMbric ar« 

.. ti^ 

f them the wisdQilt)Mfdb<M«fe4itH)Mlil«U^ 
dfntCM>iilMili«Da4 tlift«ttlNti«£jlli6irM«tett> 


^rjMti: hud^iB teid Mtla%iiifftf«]tlicoAnkh«r. 

-^>aMie:^fi3tiiei'£tsip^tih silibidMwil stttipictty 

bitti iUMbynial|q<AdJH «|iaii<DleAifriNktlMie«tofliifliii. 

v/9iiKitliA.'^ iaftJbitlwijJafiqMhAfmqi^bdras 

-lihrtiiiiy-ihil HiirBwglitfctfi omwftn wit a^iBott 8t. 

v<f jiiaals«!P(ltvrin|p «^nMI«d dbe^dRipiidi ^p«nteh 

xff Friilt rfa|htt.'.wiMihlto^fllill«tiBt..ithqriMd 

•cfi«jMn|nd»dfi4r 9M9ii9r<iinj>iM> >l><^|ii^v*''Oi> 
. i*^uatiuyiwlmf'i\mmtmginM. efit^mUle lown 

ro''^i»l^ thNtUfiaoiii <JHBt«iai^i^iiNr alottld 

t4'' irftaDJN»itonli lo<!b«caiMdcrd*Bb^glytai>to Ihe 

drff B»iMall fiMlh^a wider tlwofMM|iy;oQ£:>|irihg 

5!£ ^»jMiwfciiwHi»'gtfladddai«|^ilMM^btTw 


eyes «f lhe«i9^%li«in«y'oli)M9|4» mtmni^mKm 

^>>ri)e Pdie^i^%>UK^ Mi«ilbif<AiM0iii«>liR!4hit 

fiwh Rigaiiisiir/a^'SO <Atf«M'ftx)ivfil«pery 
«( 1Mk<fatt8/-'^lt- fiitititioiM'iJMyiwMi •Mnyvawn^ 
ble aflNci3<hi ifie 4ea1ii^-«r<tlie Bm:^aGoprgt 
Svrynfeit, tlvi HAglftrti>.aMi)hiir<'l»MSir^^. 
G«o^, who di«A 'N«T. 17, ^ ItfiG^ «ftai> «i.Jf9ng 
co^tira|rtk>a. ' He hud lieeif Iheir- dear, an^in- 
tiriMte friend, ma on iA oceriMomi ^Hppefi^J^ ^ 
«hehi good offiees, and vcHy aActtnfwre Ifcfmr^botii 
1ii» twUptUiy «nd onialattco^iik tkeir- cp^Gutpcee 
^th the HefttheRf »■ • ••'•;.i . . »fvM • 

'<- TRe Mi8^^«t GiMidkiloM cepert8%an,enqn[|afle 
"offiSsoub.' »''••■■•.■ < -••■! vti .'-..'<•••-•.'. •• 
^ Thie WiiMioTiarieB at TranqMbav^stM^i their 
{Mt>gress in printing « second intp n wi id Pr aCithe 
View' Testament in the TamuMan iiangva^^/ 1 • 
The year 1758 contains notitiny ■ddiUonal of 
any* nibnient. ' That «#= 1763 stale* airt^etMiease 
in'th<i Mission «f Cnddalore of ltMtrf<tfaecm>- 
grel^tions, with a dohatlMi froAl iti QUrkatdtio- 
hleM^ a^rlg: 'the fMetk' at llengl||}3«Q «0O 
■jHrtfeil'' ^""^' •''*"' ■ '■• '"■-' " v.v',5 iieri; 

" Along ^fl^'tHl^ Uispatdieft, it ii'4ditfe^'tfte 
" ^iety Md^Ai^'horKbr «f a tnosK '«biiglfl|^ let- 

" te¥ (J^ted Se)plf. ^, 1738) ftom TKoilift Slilii- 

'" den,' &q. 6foviir?R>f df'Eo^'St Cte«f«99«> 


<• Bfimon, andf te)i4l8HileMtJMr(ni9^ by. m^ 

^ ^t^en-ta finNN4»{liin^a|ieU-.ti«ic» with llifeir ^^mr 
'^^ ii»til«nH^i^^Mj» nga|4-aiid,rf»adi«e«« to 

^in>lAid lAjMiealipiiblBtiMitfBltf his i^oyei;!^^ 

<^' ftsn^ 'iUt# iMHifeRte tfn .eveiyo0oMi<W!Aft<|l)e 
'^^o^4b«i^»f tfie Minibn i^etfftfpttitft. vh»7)l 
'** K^^'fff ^tenby-^ acsiMd to: act)e|»tv(be^ Tj^blip 
" thanks/together iwth their vnih^i^^d prayeni 
'^'^r the^eotlimaatnee ittf -hisrbeakh* ap^ of ;that 
" proeperity he has hitherto bad in evesy; lender-' 
" takitt|ffotproW(rtingt!*riftiiwKjMW?^^ 
" fiJr *dvaiici<rg> tbe^intere^.-ttF. iUe^rEj^I^dJa 
*^ C uwyw oyAttirf offftiN ao4er:lvs>d|j^^oi9ir^^ 

> i/'l4»>]MBmiomaier,»(^uddfd<if? als{>^)^i^(^n,fq|- 
^«e•8a^of)6i^^to |feeijf,(3«igi!ega^ii8,i^;.^4^Ji9Pje 

tlfe pwtl55§|f>nf ^iilwjide8,^hi<?|i;<h^y j^V^!9» 
their town and country schoob about |Q|^,^djil< 

.^>iTbfc.|Upci^l*|o^: th? y»w-17l*4;,.«pd^^,,<;9jjtain 

ifilit 94iltiofal Biftter. Mr. I'ahrisJi^ w»$ i^to- 

J«ct|^.«;''ovnie, per&ct tiwuhilion oifi theJE<few 


^ jtfoney to ctDlior 1190D th» bouDMi mith him 

*^ the Pfeach^ fast aitewuib libentfed.^ 

The SemoD for the year 1757 fau aoBexed ti> 
U '' mam accoBiit oC- ibe Fteteitfiit Miwirtn to 
'^ Eul India for the jeais 1754, 1755^ 1756;" 

wliich tegiiis with as^gain^ the rea«oa' for Uie 
intemptionB of the correspood^Mre owipig to 
the war with Pmnoe. It goes on to slate with 
respect to the iVlissiQn at Madras, " from dif- 
^ ferent letters and jonmals sent by the Rer. 
^ Messrs. Fabricios and Breithaapt> that they 
*' had held conferences with the Heathen and 
Papists at sundry times, and in divers places, 
wherein by God's Uessing they had met with 
sach success that many of the fomiei: had beeii 
^ bronght so far to the acknowledgenient of the 
'* truth as it is in the Gospel as to declare pab« 
^^ licly' before their Bramins, this is, the right 
" and clear truth xchich ecery one is Me to un^ 
** derstand ; this we must Iiear and wUl Jiear : 
and accordingly they did hear it again and 
again, until they were both convinced and sa* 
'' tisfied, that there is no other way made known 
fi:pn Heaven unto sinful men whereby they 
may be saved, imless by their repentance to« 
ward tlie one true God ; by faith in his only 
begotten Son, eur Lord Jeras Christy and the 

i^mhVBcw^ thoff^ loeafis of gra^ ^ihkh M 







^4^ Swittj^'8 mOM kiitmenMH^ nat been 

6i liiHiNi; Sor jipra/Hs; pn^sjvilf x2mvila(Joii..fom 
*' the Dutch settlement attWieate, pne H>f jtliem 
'f vi«M4bitkep4i4?flimlhBlered .the holy Altera- 
^'ment of ka|rtMift*!t6r4 Dttoh, IS PdAugveBe, 
^^ and 7 Tamnlian children^ all belonging to the 
*' Protestant Church there. To whom w^ere ad- 
ded, 4 Adult slavn after pitevious inBtnction 
and preparation by the. Poiliigalese cafaechist of 
that place^ as well as private discourse and pub- 
Ijc examinatipn by the Missionary himself. 
^ Messrs. Pabricius* knd Breithanp add testimo- 
*' hies of their confeern^'that their friends are not 
'* eqiial to support stich'of their Heatherf Prose- 
"^ lytcs, as for the sake of Religion leave their 
^^ native country, or are '^bahdoned aLUd petse- 
*^ cuted by their own relations and neighboui's,'' 
They add, '' that they'glbried not in the num^ 
bcr/ but in the reality of* (heir Proselytes or 
Converts, whether from Heathenism or Popery, 
*^ wherein they find themselves obliged to use, 
both for conscience and prudence sake, the ut- 
most caution, lest their good /should be evil 
spoken of, .and for fear of admitting* into their 
congregations any such imposdors, unbelievers, 
or immoral persons as might oner themselves 
'* not from a sincere love of Christian truth and 
goodness, but Crpiq >VQr]dIy jnptives foi* filthy 




"** turn, «r (Ottt of f&aiomA ttmibamik agiitfl 
t th«ir ««m pwente uid IKtnds. Ifcfwever tkajr' 
«^ iMul throbjh tbtDirtee BteMttg in tMi ye«i'«r 
«* trial and trmMt, «tt eacTMae of 4tf aotl* to 
^ tbe'r eoDgr^tioil.*' 

The MiiHonaries «t T^rta^fmlMr state «« On-* 
creaee of loub to tite TeMeMMi oottj^rt^Kion 
in tl.ftt t«wn, 

107 ' 

118 to that in the conntiy. 

96 to the Portufriieoe. " 

f I 

251 in alL 

'' Mr. Meissel and Mn Dame had been added 
'' to their Missionary list : Mr. Meissel who it 
'' skilled in the art of phntin|[^ and l^r. Daoi^ 
\irho is qualifying himsetf to be a preacher of 
the Gospel in the Tamulian langusge^ of 
'' whom the^^e was extraordinary need> ft having 
just then pleaded Giod to open a new door for 
him among the Gentiles^ e?en in places beyond 
the limits of the Danish G^mpany's jsettlem^qlip : 
accordingly twoof them had taken a 
Negapatnam^at the request^ and undei; the pip* 
^' taction of a German officer who had served the - 
^^ King of Twiebour in his wars^ and had a liberty • 
" from him to retain a clergyman for ministering 
^' to him in holy things ; by which means i^ had 
^' been in their power not only to visit their own 
y flock in the country^ but to spread also nt th^ 



hHiMit^ i^TSiililhft 4»o^ l lli u»w^ [iwtiuA<f 

same bad moUres^ not nmii^fd^cii^iiMn sftef* 

yet not a few of the poor and gqwIrMiiDe' >t<r 

hear the word with all readraesg of mind^Tttftd 

were baptized, so t^^rjflfi^nigBtiaa^hid 

within a year an encre«9%o^iSlSS)s9iUsc{f ;/; 

In the account for the year 1758; the MntsipA' 

aries at Madras state " an encreaSCr* in th^r 
'jfefe%r^tiWw W^. '^'Stm^'"of^othnnni' 
ainS i«€fift&tmy^'8*;W ^vHfeli'^l^ Were newly 

-'ftrt^t^'t.&ffiatawAittk^ce? -''Thij'MlSsldlikries 

thc'a4aihen;%iif"#ffi?h bcca«bni-*4^nei'4r 

•«iiiK!cl«»^hM%IAy^YUi§i^bie^tfan^t^--1^hi ' 
thd"*bv«tian(? dfOprthAi^ i&mk Tr^m the 

lipsof ^IdcrtsJ'W lhiltWT1?e^ilih^'ahd triie 
wouiflrfdilgEflWm^jA!'''-^-'*- • '- 

mi - not Haki '¥lfe<^^j^9i 
ibAvihce^^htf'liet^ >m^)l^ further 
in«i3rtt«ttt^, kmfm V/eU^^^i^ ^6kaei'ed 
li'd'^ftddo^ 'ifie'mitiltFy W^\iM i^'dlwn 
m^; eithar'^fMfi ISfe iOtffi^Vtf< tMosii -who 
«brn^'tH^i?di'd. df "(Jtod/'of ^tftd'^^rtfecutions 
«(^M<af Heathen a^i^htk>uf«i)tttttH:Mlitltte^4 

"^ vwte kstd hueaittl^ to (iHHR. 1p j^.A$«fao- 
'^r fi^Bs 9l«a nifgy hMe^Qftn in their «aj, th^j 
*^ Jb9W^. iii.4 ^iHtA thu impMtern '<tf tbeir Upke 
ptpyhcl, mmI hme lutetmiifadl titieift i^ te- 
mmmcehiEa a» » deceiter^ urd tibcsy luive.^iit' 
'r into ike hfltnds of titfcb m wave hevi di^f^epid, 
^ the New Testsunent and Fbaker m Arabic^ 
^ tiieri^e thff de^e fram the Society ^fiofliier 
'' supply ;" w^ich tvift beeB^sent to tiMuni 
The SooeCy 9d<b to this^ '' tlMrf: fh«^ 
99M0, i»ot\vithfltandtfig %mx atteo&iw to 9 
yitrioty of good offices aJbrted^ ^^ ^xt^.^ never 
wfta&ig i» txak in \vliit| more iaimediate]]r 
relates to the boaness of their MiaiuMj. parti* 
eidarly iritliin the CompoHy'st Umita: for 
imCaaiiCe, they are ctiligent ia fipaiaiii^ w^ 
'^ children ia the niH'ture and admonitioa of the 
Lord ; in preparing addits for Ghrictian Bap- 
tism; in preaehing the word in deaaon imd 
'' out ot* season to all tliaC will hear;, and in 
"^ ri^litly and duly adminifitering ttie Sacrament .. 
*^ of the Lord's Snpper." The MiMionaries afr 
Tranqnebar, declare tiiat *' their ministry had 
'' been so exceedingly Messed ieiinoRg the 
'' Heathen^ that veiy many had come over to 
them^ and been instrmetcd in the doctrine 
of CJirist ; the numbers of whtm, incliidin{f 
little children, amoanted to 192/' 






f»U9\ying year; the qaj^qu^ eiistained by ^^e 
vmr are stated. The MicwtOji at CucMAlore fXUim 
ttle recqplioD of 174 etuMren inito tjt^ achools^ 
they are all taught iu the Baglish Iftnguage^ ' 
realling; writing, and arithiaetie^ aad are ^ 
wlieliier of Heathen^ Mahometen^ Romtn 
Catholic^ or Protestant parents, eqil^y cate-^ 
chised and instmeted in the Chri9fciaa Religioii. ' 
One of the Bengalees, who is a Birahman, h^MS ' 
in this, year read through the Bishop of Mann's 
Instcvotioa fw the Indians^ the wh<^le ^nghf h 
'^ Bible, and the Whole Duty of Man. Hence 
it is to be hoped that when they come to years 
of maturity, and to be at their owti liberty^ ' 
they will declare for the truth which is now 
instilled into them. He addi, that he had 
^' taken some of the greater boys to instruct the 
" little childTen/' 

The account for the year 1760, annexed to the 
^^ Sermon, 1761, states from the Madras Mission, 
that " the number of members from the first 
'^ erection of it, received into the Mission, 
'*. amounts to 1470 souls." The Missionaries at 
Cuddalore acknowledge a legacy of Mr. Ostervald, 
with which they had purchased <£1000, New 
South Sea Annuities, and appropriate4 the divi* 
dend thereof to this charity. 

The Missionaries at Tranquebar state an 
'' encrease for the past year of 232 souls, and 





'' tliat 170 cbiUrtn: ¥^ere ftuffiorted ^ tte free 
<5 ithof^te:'' tbeyfur(ber'add;)irt mMrb^lf»)the 
<]perie8 which have beeujointflii^theln^t^'dtlmtritfie 
^'' number -of etiihlren viihich: b^ve *bMiVr bitlfftto 
" educated in tlieir 8chookoi9tl3^19';t(ind Ilw1blft4 
'^ number a('mem\»rByf\k\(thynwh^ 
'* and received into their Glittrfcbii www[»to> to 

*' 1^506."- ■' •.:>., ...:r:73 - 

Mr, ^xii\«ttiBLn,Wmion^^ 
laments the loss of ^' Mr John Rerfy thteivfjbte' 


industrious and pious schoolmaster, yA^ot^w^tB 
taken prisoner^ and died in ^onaequence. of 
confinement a4 Ppndioherry, ieavtog: hispro'^ 
pert J to the Mission^ which jie had fftith^ly 
*' served/' ; . . 

. The Mission at Calcutta stoteaan eitcteasa^ in 
which there remained 231, . . : ' ' • J . ./' 

The Society then express the& oblif^tjon' to 
Messrs. Buder and Cape^ chaplains t(C that 
settlement^ for '' tlieji: vexy friendly receptioQ of 
'^ Mr. Kiernander, for their procuring. )4irge 
subscriptions towards carrying oa the! good 
work he is engaged in^ and im. /the idhfistian ' 
offer they make of assisting him in the peculiar 
^' offices of a minister of the Gospel/' And the 
Rey. IVIr. Ijlenry BuUec in a letter, of the 1^ 
of Januarj^ 1761, be^rs tcstimppy. to the gfpo^ 
behaviour of the Sqcioty's, Mi^ionwi^,. ftni . 
recom0ien<ls it to them "to jieud.a pers^pnof 
*' industry apd juuble.inished pwrals tp ^fysist Jhiim 


»•• *-. I • « ■* ■ 

9 tti|tend «li€iy staiOl atl»\««ii«'^ill4w ci 
9::AdgiiAet\ttfdaat)€liLUn^ *'^ 
^i Ttto^' i«p»»t ^^ftoi tii^ ye«r. 14^61^, staler; Aroth 

I^Uh'tht HMitbert^^^' iti r«gttitk to tKeiridoklry; 
^ one^^heA «^ ihat'G^ must tie wcA^hipped 
'' by images until he should represent bibfsdf to 
^^Cbeir'eyM. Upiiim which Mr/Brelthaupt led 
^ Jlim % thti hkndy and itiade <hinr stedfiastly look' 
^'^ ta thfe 'bddy of the saii; till he confessad' hii^ 
^^6)rai^cMld not support the Kght of it, and 
^^'^hern-'lie^btidehim cennsidaphow fai9 eyes eould 
f'^ tie abla^td^^ttslain the glory- if Ibe great Ore«tor 
'' should discover himself to him/' The nitmbet 
f^i a^Ued to* tibekr Ateigrfigatidn from the 1st of 
f' May 1759, to the 3l6t of December 1760, are 
^ in^all 8&. Fmm the beginning of the Misiion 
^^ at Madbas> A. D. 17S8, to the present time^ 
i' thahs luMKe baei( ii|CQrporM«4 inU> the Christian 
^ €huaehi ft 
'' TbtauMans ♦ - ^ ^ ♦ ^ • 1388 
^ Pbihdguese* •»«?•-- • • - 175 

. -■■- .: ,• • ' .' 

Tiy. :• ' ^ • 

" In {d) 1563 

) in thfe ycOp \16S, the Madrass Missionaries 
litate tHat '^ tk'ey'had had 28 conferences witH 
** (he > IftiiiS^ Mind Heathens. The Gentiles 
^' h^u^CeKed Vith attention and approbation to 
*^ th^ 'divide trutb4 delivered/ mi one of tbo 



^ nrahmilis confessed tbat'thfe docbtne^ deserved 
to be praised. Many 0f the HeaillKns would 
probably embrace Chrifeitiany^ if tbe^ were) act 
hindered by their superiors and relajtians> as 
one of them plainly declared to the Ms- 
'^- sionaries/* 

Mr. Hutteman^ Missionary at Gnddnlore, had 
baptized '^ the preceding year 7 aduJis frortt 
^ amonf^ the Heathen. The whole enoreafle cyf 
'' his Church fcnr that year being 31 toidB« He 
** was also preparing 10 mOre adultt for bap- 
^^ tism." This letter is aecompaniedrwith a 4le8* 
'^ cription of a Malabar or Taoldittn Ivnend 
^' procfession^ aiid of iturens Pagoda or Temt>te 
" at Tripaiore, three mileB from Caddahire/' 
which set forth the Pagan worship in an»'" Mckous 
^^ and abominable light ;" and he gives us his con- 
jecture, that '' the Egyptian Osiris and the 
" Malabar Isuren are the same fictitiotts deitks." 
He mentions '' the indecent images called Lingtirii 
*' which they carry about them as chahas^ dnd 
*' worship with daily sacrifices in tiieir Pag^oda^ 
^' where above an hundred families of Brahmins 
are maintained, and the vilest obscenities amt 
hiost filthy Ihsts are continually practised^^ 
Mr. Kiemander laments the departure of two 
valuable friends to the Mission^ the E4nglish 
chaplains Butler and Cape/' ^ whose plaoa 
however they state to be supplied by '' the Rev« 
*' ^, SdWKl Stanely^ wbo with an ^qual gceai 





¥v9m TrnquneiNir 4t tir Mated 4li«t "^ flie mm^ 
ber o£ moife «died «• the OhttFdi taA ^f^ 
"^^ AiDMtiti 40 1365^' It 16 fitrther dbnervtfA by 
4h«se Migiionatteft, ^"^ ^sit smne lidfMuiiii dl 
^' Count Zinzendorf 's «ec^ Iwve kfedy Mftled 
^"^ mmoDg* ihefn, but tkey hope M^tultevlnr inafy be 
'^^ «r«ciinibl or mii Miidratice to &e X9kn«t»ft 
'^^ dociariae will Wn^fftoved/' 

/Toither SsMion fbr 1T04, the account 'annefLed 
coRtatm an ftdcnowiedg^ment from Mftdns of 
MuMiKr beac&etion of Pi^itfessor Francke'fi, and 
one from an Englisk 'LiieateiMLiA, Mr, James 

Tke lotteiiB fivmi Tcan^bar -state, Aaft. in 
May ** Mr. Sivarte witii aaeather MiMboaryAfeut 
^^-oa. foot^o Tanecbefar and afterwards to ^Prut- 
ehtaaiiaUi, j^reachiug the Gospel to il^rtstiitns 
and Heathens. He atayed there tffl Jaly, 
and was tieoted %kh great cirdniy by the 
^f Qnglith g^nttemfen/ and by the aflBi§(tthee o^ 
^' Majair j^neston, cad Mr. Ne#ton, 43¥other to 
-^ the BM)^ of Diiktol, a Uttte^ieel^^flouse 
*' wafi; icreeted fer the "a^ iX prea^nfig^ God*« 
/^ ii^wAaiodttatiotiifiglheCliMdl^^ ^preached 
^^ ttot oftdy ia ^he^^^y ^^Taascdiafirr but eieu 
^' .ia tha'&ing'B«pilai0e^ wherci lie imk ocoastou 
^ from questioM iv^h (lie 'o^iierg tSHkcMl lihn 
.^ -«01M:eraingr \V»rkH;x wwttfi^», tpi^nni^ *bc:dis 











]witr^1!rM^l)otitprbdiiectt.byhim. Jin Seftember 

ffft)){5l>ffigftti0^><i ^tfir hlYittg ^^awght them >the 

ct^P ^i^^ ftfijjqMwtfcr the year 1765^ Mr. 
)j((it|Q;Sll^n^f^v the . letufeM'^of hiiri'MiBBiDn. 
^^\ jc^yeryes^ , ib?it . 'V .;«emiiJ: . prdfessmv i of 
*l Cbj:iMia9ij)c^,Mve^ by tili^: - praidhng^ of ;<flic 
^ Vfi; bfim brought f rfM ardisfidiite and aban- 
f}oi|Qd\U& |to;>b«€onie iiepl GbriMiajM/ end M 
'f lead a life pf piety and yirtue, . .. ;i 

^.''.C^qferences with, the He^jUiena have f been 
" ftf flP9.* #?cfc? Wd particttj^riy in4he caas of 
'; 1^1^ pyof(Bjjf4^ K>f iwte^; .Tf hof e Bbwy^ if $etdown 
"itl^tJl^'lK^ii ii^ tfe^iVflryiWCOfjl^ of. Mr. Huttapnan/ 
^; it.,i8;hf5ifd .>viM tediow \o tliei pidur 

T W?4P?i ^*^di J« aa,foBoW/« : . . . ; - ;i . i 
,, /!;,'3Cl>e, fRn^i;»iflii qf ft,FjindawWtde«wtet par- 
l ^c^ RQtifier .Hfi >ya^/ aflriQit rf Iaiir0ns 

^ . ju<Jgi9^!rtia^^A>l«W!n»ng' ^ ^ ft i«l now. wore than 
ft,y^ l^t thja jm8.jt.,yi,^tpd.»^» and d«<^^ 
'{ lihe.3pp^plssflj5i]hw,^oi|tpi§Bfi#ju»M 

Y l^inwejf lyftrmjy >|gft^«* tbfj (YWity awi..WiCfc- 

Y edftjes?, q^.th^, Mal*lii|iiuf. ]:Q)i0V9m., itQld-bim; 
^' that th§ religioi^.af tli{( blfi|Bed|Je$iia* 
^^ lairably fitted for such souls as are really 


. I 




'^ coadoerned about tkeir elwrtial iii1)a*cit/ that 
^'IcieL mith a deep compunoHon the load 
^^ of '«iii. At the same time I plAinly told 
"f him the many difficulties that attend the em- 
•''V .hituiing this Religion; that he muc^ sincerely 
'^ renounce the. wicked world; and Alt the sinful 
lusts of the fleshy must prepare fer ill treat-* 
^cqt atid persecution; evefn from those who 
fondA^Iy venerated him ; however, that all 
these difficulties are sure infinitely out- weighed 
*5 by the . inexpressibly great rewards proposed 
" iiicibe; Gospel, and by the, inconceivably dread-' 
^ fill threatnings against the despisers of this 
^' Religion. > , . 

*^ He went away, and promised to deliberate 
^ • upon these things, and I did not hear of him 
"^^^ till! Ast November ; when he returned to this 
'^ piadej and f^as courteously entertained by- the 
" H^th^ ilierchants, who venerated him as 
their priest : mean while he visited me now 
atid then, and was present when Divine service 


was -held in the Malabar language. At last 
'* it pleased tlie' Lord to i^'ork in him a thorough 
^ conviction. He took his liolcmn leave of the 
*^ Heathens, declaring unto them the reasons 
"^ why he dkl forsake the Malabar religion^ and 
'^ embrace that of the Christians. After he had 
'' been several weeks amongst us, he wrote, at 
^ my dcsife, his Kfe, and the reasons that in- 



^ ducW him te-4iOTi a eBHsGw'; and ! hope Jt 
•"'Wfflglve ^iMiMrd lb tie honiHiriiWe Society. 
»« %hUii Igfv* tlHim a translation Aereofc 

1. •' • ... 11. 

I5b dkristianity ut Cuddahr^- ? 

. '^ My: name is Tpnijiaipap Mudaly ;. lu^vaw 
*',bpra near TiruaaM?«Uyj iu, tt^e, kfii^om ef 
^^ ItfadpFei^ in ,th§ yew. Pingala W^rush^m *, 
;"' 17^7. Ii» ijjy infanqy, »y,pafepts taug^ me, 
.'^ tbat tibene fija^ a JBeing who had created heiaven 
^"^ find §arth^ cdsid that good men wouJld go lo 
heaven, but the wicked to hell^ and in my 
yotttl> I began to be solicitous for the salvation 
.'' of uiy-^Qnl: for which reason I was assiduou 
'^ in reftdieg pur book*. In wy fourteenth year 
/' J rew^ved to choose the life of ^ priest or paa- 
^ darani of Isuren ; to visit ^U holy pagodas and 
" tenoiple^i and to warfi in their sacred wateir, 
y in eeftaitt hope of attaining thereby salvation, 
'^ About this time I was so unfortunate to lose 
*^ both ray parents? j; this confirmed my resolu- 
^* t!on, and I enquired for the roost famous pan- 
" jlaram who could make me a disciple by hap- 

r * ¥ Tlie Malabai^' compote their years by a circle, of 60 

.^ {^cttfs/when^of fiiMh has ite proper aapoc 5, the present year 

'^«' 1 TlSrlfr M called Taiuna Wanisha*^ . Thi^ way of comnuta* 

•♦tatioa oonfotmds greatly .tljeir rfircmglagy; for .if one 

" knows not how many circles have clapsQci when such or 

^ such a fact happened, it is impossible to fix the sra.''' 



tt8J&% and indi nm tk^^ (bn» tOd ^^t% 
md idl <tbiilg» naoessairjF to a true pandatam. 
I wdfi teld that thraib hoiicilivA^M^^lmila^ 
^ at Tamabumiiiy in tb^ kinf^dooi of Tatijore^ 
^< tMe.mnmr^ hereupon I (m^ a 
-'^ jmnfaiy toh^m^ iMeivM tbe^paniMtiaft of 
f^ water;^ and learned nndei* him fw thesfiace 
'^^ !bf fhr^ years. I kada |^reat 4imse tOfroetire 
"^^ Jb]f nrf penaokee^ salvation t4 ia« iteayiaaj^*- 
"^^ nible; 1 therefiore adked leaya? of lAy paawla*- 
'^^ ram 'to i^o on pH^rimag^, id wfaSpfa.'be €on«- 
^' fsetiitd, and permitted me^DMenfiGelrlwiever 
^' I firhorrldcome. - . • 

'"^ ' fteadihg^freqicently v/kh ttttentioa ourbotka, 
*^ I was ratprized to find oat ^ods Ware bdm of 
'' fttther aiid inoUterj and that ^tiite diflarent 
epi^rationfl tvere osoribed to theai^ t6Bniinta 
Vkt crealioii/ to WtfihtaH the redeii^aa/aM 
^ to Stwfen or feitiren the destraetian. I^Hkenfilte 
''^ foandtfaatthe«aiire ^odsvftye sali^eet ta- fliany 
'' imperfections: Biroma (or Braam>km^ tidt 
*' who had idfiod his wife; and Peruiitol (or 



« . ^ J^iis^w«n kiioW9 hov andf nt tbe.religWw purificatioB 
*^ by ^4ter 'bath be«p, and^tbafit wag always looked upoi} 
*♦ 86 a public profeBsion of renotxncing the Ibnner Iffe, and 
«* etoenng upon a iieW cbuf%.' Tifu 'fcttfW* Uttk i^ren 
'o" b^ \AhviScA widi ilife fkbulotts "fMh^iBkk tf SMce, 
«« flh«ir)ii«^ ftR tts tbai «vai; Hifodes Ml been ^piiHfidl 
4" wMk vator ^ .euiBoljp«» ^^tte .^^CMaanori IMltro» 
^* ftboa by tbe king and^riest of Argas/' . . ^ 


^ vfflbed ; he knew ndt his filth^^ deallr "tiH^ he 
^ learned it by leMero^ &c. ' 
. " I wad much scandalised hf the prafi6ie anil 
•^ immoral service performed in oui^pagodAi^ :• at 
'' Sttpramanciam/ a famous pagoda, Sleagtaea 
*' 4Tom Goa, the image of a* serpent- wMi 7 
^' heads is worshipped : at a <iertam festival^ihis 
^ serpent is said to move the head/ anil tMree 
^ girls of the most beaiAifnl shape dance before 
'* him stark fvaked^ in the sight of an tnnYmf ertfble 
^' crowd of spectators : at the saciifiei& of Satty, 
'' (this is the Venus of the Romans) theii and 
P women eat and drink together, andtiitetwiitrds 
f' mix promiscuously. Daily are ' entertained in 
^ our pagodas the dancing girls; which are pro- 
^ fes^ed prostitutes, who sing at metiiing and 
^ evening sacrifices the im]fmreiit songs, and offer 
^ m ' the pagodas; with the obscenest kngua^^e^ 
^ their persons to the spectators^ and invite them 
** to4ie with them. 

^^ All this, the feelings cf my cdnsctence told 
^^ me, could not be from the eternal God, Whom 
^ reason 4nd the still Toice of tiature prodaim 
^ to be an holy Being, 'wlic^ abhbrreth tice and 
^' impurity^, and d6light3 in virtue and chastity ; 
'J^ thi«i. aiiPst undoubtedly be from Sa^^ the &ther 
y y^i lewdness*: howi^er, since our whofe na^ 
^ tton .\i» zealottdy attached to this worriHpi I 
^' stifled the clamour? t>f my conscience^ thinks' 


I / 

wenton^ visiting on^,f>a|i;ocb^.fi£^.«Liiather^ « 
^ :|a^ l:<^^ ta /CuiMflJqirej aiul i^ffi in« 
fc6rii^i)|at^)ief^::W)»a. %i^ the 

»^|igioo of 'FftfaJbMA'P Wastu. 0)^9 , rapreme 
]IS^Pg>) «wd whm I visited you> w4 heard 
[t^f^;«>yedaiii (cioligion) of Pacaba Wasttj^ the 
'^.p|i^^ ,Qf nUqe^ Hiid£a:standhig <began to cleat' 
'^,|)p^ aiMJl all. what you said of the perfections 
IV^ «G<9|^ afid therqnaniijer to ^orriiip him> was 
'.'^^iqunediately .approved by the silent vQice of 
f/; jcea^OQ i^ Qonsqience. . All tb^ doctrioes which 
^f.jyQjQur Wiedttm proposeth lead dipect^y to. tho 
f^ ^co^piu* of (he only true Gpd : may .his Name 
' - be bje^sed for e.ver 1 It describeth man as ha 
'f ,];eajlyi9,.ri4ini^er and guilty:;, itt rejects the an* 
f^}ayfalu)g< ^tcuie^if^ by penances perfofjaed 
^'pl^y % xnisef;^^ ipinfol wretch* lifustnot tha 

'•» * jnftWtWtH^^PF^ *>y ^ WWitf^n,? Ca* 
'' the ant be a match for the lion I;Ay %nd 
['i,f)r^^dfi|l jiuSe^ng^ of. J«wp ^MattiastfX/-. (Re* 
'f. c)^iii|^; t>r. H^iK)aci|ler} ^ave atoned for. tha 
'^Wll^fd^^Wlttpqftlie divine g^Y^rip^ y9Uf 

r^B^^TO.^ndi.Macki^d^.i^^^ ^ r 

•^'4^^^^^t''^pi^^n hf wlittU te^ou^ bbdtf and in-^ 
f 4iriiiftiftaBoaalhto* tbMtp«tf% ^wafaiidie' provokeit 



^and vnd^M the limdHn love with. hdifte$t.Jby 
'^v Ufe spirit of Jems. It mmtainetb the deasest 
'' reydatioa of life w>4 immortaiity^ and^ sach 
'' grand promifieB 4hat. are more than snficietit 
'* to hwf tts Hp in the cowse of a Cfanstian avd 
'^ virtuotts fife^ notwithrtaading the discouiage- 
'^ meAtfi firoma ivieked wdrld. It tbttatetietii to 
'^obstinate vice and impenitence «o drejBUlfttl 
^ punishments^ that are enough to counterpoise 
'^ the momentary and fleeting pteakures of sin, 
^' It is therefore my firm resolution |o embrace 
'^ this Wedam, to live and die in k. I have 
'* weighed the Malabar religion against it, 'but, 
'^ alas, the former is too light ; I know it is of 
Satan, and the direct way to ruin soul and 

'' Parabara Wastu, Creator of the universe, 
'^ have mercy upon me ! O how do I bewail that 
^'' I have been 28 years thine enemy. I have' 
^ forsaken thee/ the living fountain, and wor- 
shipped idols, whom thou abhorrest. Jesus 
Nadar (redeeming Lord) impute thy blood 
'^ unto me, and procure me the forgiveness of 
'* my sins. Thou Spirit of Holiness sanctify 
" my heart, and fc^m me into the likeness of 
'^ the blessed Jesus. Amen. 

'^ Since this Pad$aam is a man of good ^bi*. 
'/ Uties, and a veiy upriglU disposition, «hd lin- 
wiUiqg to live upon alpai^iving; ■ but rjeioked 
to eani his own bread or Heeby-dSigeRt and* 



^'dbithfiil Inbtmr; I* proroieed fo con&Cttvie hini 
^ master of* our Malabar school^ ba we ^eatiy 
^ wanted such a subject, and he embraeed the 
^ proposal willingly ; which I hope the honour^ 
*' able Society will confirm. 

" Our convert Arunasalam received an Oles * 
from the college of Pandarams, which I think 
proper to translate* 


Warning Letter from the College of Panda- 
> ** rams, at Tarmaburanty in the kingdom of 
^' Tanjore, to Arunasalam Panderam, at 
^' Cwldalore. 

^ The grace of Siwen, the creator, redeemer, 
^^ and destroyer, be effectual in the soul of Aru- 
*' nasalam. If you enquire into the reasons of 
"", our writing this letter to you, know then : you 
''were on a journey to the holy place of Casby^ 
'' and behold, by the cunning fraud of that 
*' arch eneiny> the deyil, your great w|sdpm 
and understanding have been so blinded, tliat 
you were not ashamed to go at Cuddalore to 
*' the low and base nation of Pranks and Euro- 
pean people, who are no better than*the Par- 
reiars, and to hear and be instructed in their 
despicable Wedam (i. e. religion.) O, in what 
^ *' an amazement were we thrown at the hearing 

* ** Oles is the pdm-leaf on which the Malabarfi write 
** with an iron stile or pencil.'' 







*! ofthid^ the nwmtnt we h«rdU we met in tiie 
'' Divine Presence ^ of the head of tlie sacced 
" college of Pandaramsy and consulted on thi» 
^' event Indeed we are sunk in an ocean of 
sorrow. It is needless to write you many words 
on the subject to a man of your understanding^. 
Did you belong to the cruel populace^ laany 
words might be necessary. Remember^ Aru- 
*' nasalam^ your change is like a king turning 
f Parreiar. What have you wanted amongst' 
us P Had you not honour and subsistence auf- 
ficijent ? It is unconceivable what could move 
you to bring such a stain on the character of a 
^' Pandaram. We must impute this misfortune 
" which has befallen you to a crime you have 
'' committed against God in your \ former gene- 
'^ ration. Consider^ Arunasalam^ the noble blood 
of the Tondamar from whence you sprang. 
You associate yourself to the basest people 
" that eat the fiesh of cows and bullocks ; can 
any wisdom be amongst them ? The moment 



* ** These Pandarams are so excessively proud that the^ 
** have persuaded the siUy people to look upon th«s as 
** godt. They are commonly saluted Tanbiran, god.*' 

-f ** Parreiars are the lowest and basest ca^t amongst tht 
«« Maiabars.'' 

J " The Malabam believe a metempsychosis for 
** generations. When a misfortune befals thepa they impirt^ 
** it to a sin committed they know not how in their fimnsr 
** generation^" 



" ^00 MWlVe tiris'tetier refflRT again to "iwi 

•'place ; may SiTre^n give you tinderstanding. 
-.: « lyj^jg 18 divine orade, wfitten at the command 
*• df his Holiness, the head of the Panda- 
' *^ rams at Tairmabtiram/* 

** J^fiswer of Arunasalam Pandartim, now 
' ** called Arulananderi, iohkh is the same as 
" '' Johaknes: 


The grace of Pambam Wastii> \^ho is Je^ 
vhovalijthe living fiod^ the very Messed Creator 
and Preserve of the itmverse, fijft the souls of 
'' all Pandarams at TarmaborMi. I have re*^' 
'f . odvtd your letter^ and* have resd the coatetits 
wi^ ti9ie compaasion. Will you know^ /the 
immh? it is this, ycu haveuoaceountdblyfcNr* 
aakm the living God^ t^e eteraal Creator of all^ 
IhaAenists; and have givett the honoui' due 
'' U> him, to 4he creature. You think yourtelves 
mme$ though lallen into the most drecKiful 
foolishness. You worship the arch eneniy of 
aft that is gOod^ the devil. Yotl give divine 
" hcwour to men who were bom of father and 
'^ mother, and who during their life have been 
''notorious fornicators^ adulterers, rogues^ and 
" murderetSi In your religious books are related 
''^fiie obscenest facts> whereby lust, the fire of 
'li^^tftn, is furiously kindled at an instant. My 
f heart melts within me* I weep over.yoii^ 




'^ Fonrteea years liave I beeii uitnesfi of yotir 
'^ infamous worship in your pagockis ; and I am 
*' in my conscienjce convinced that yoa are in the 
road that leads directly to bell and eternal 
ruin . How holy^ how majestic is God described 
'' in the Wedam of the Christians? You call 
tliem a base and ignorant people^ but this i» 
owing to your pride^ which cometh from that 
proud spirit Satan. Come, my dear friends, 
and worship with me the God who made you. 
^* Be not deceived to expiate your sin by wasl:- 
'^ ing and sacrifice of lingam : The Christians 
'' alone have an expiatory sacrifice worthy of 
•'^ God. When I think on your blindness, my 
*' heart pitieth you. You know the integrity of 
^' my life ; and you never beard scandal of me : 
^' could you then think that I should renounce 
.*^' the religion of my fathers without conviction 
*' of its falsehood and dreadfbl tendency ? The 
'^ God of infinite compassion bath delivered me^ 
.'' wretched sinnw, out of Satan's captivity. 
Your promises of honour and riches touch me 
me not. I have the hopes of an everlasting 
^' kingdom: you also can inherit it when you 
'^ repent. I liave changed my religion, but not 
^' my cast By becoming a Ckristiaa I did not 
K turn :aa Englishman : I am yet it Tbndaman. 
'' Never did the priest of this place clesire of 
*' me any tfaiog contrary, lo my tast. Never did 
ff he bid^ nje to eat cow flesh or beef, neiAer 






** haVe I seen him eat it, or any of the Tamu- 
^^ lian Christians, though such a thing be not 
*^^ siilful in itself. Turn to the living God : so 
writelh Ariilanandeh, formerly a !^andaramj 
but now a disciple of the blessed JiiuS/' 
In the Report for 1766, Mr* Fabricitis and 
Mr. Breithtiiupt, state an encrease of their Con- 
gregation at Madras, by the baptism of 17 chil- 
dren,' 9 Chriistian parents^ and 40 converts from 
Heathenism ftnd popery Mr. Hutteman observes 
that Mr. Swartz " was of infinite service to the 
army during the bloody siege of Madurei, the 
reduction of which kingdom to the obedience 
of the Eng^ish^ hath been the greatest affair 
that hath happened the last year, when the 
/^ rebel, Cawn Saib, was betmyed, and dell* 
livered into our hands by his own people* 
Since the departure of Mr Kiernander for 
^^ Calcutta, Mr. Hutteman found the business of 
'^ the Mission at Cuddalore lie very heavy on his 
'' hands, and often applied to the Society to 
^ send him a colleag^e^ As they are always 
ready to do all they can toward enlarging tiie 
kingdom of Christ in thosQ heathen parts of 
the world, they Wrote to the reverend and 
learned Dr. 6. A. Francke, Professor, of 
Halle in Saxony, to provide them with a 
proper person- to be sent as a Missionary to 
/' Cuddaloreii afcerdingiy he sent over to London 
^' t|ie Wj&^.ehriBtiftn WaUiKiii Qm^U, wb<^ 

u i 








I " 



on the 4th of March, 1766, waited upon the 
Society, and wfes approved by the Board ; upon 
which the Rev. Mr. Archdeacon Yardley, then 
'^ Treasurer, gave him the following Charge. 

'' SIR, 

The Society for promoting Christian Know- 
ledge, by me congratulate your safe arrival in 
" England, and enjoy the greater satisfaction in 
seeing you with them, as you come from a 
person for whom they have the highest re- 
" gard, as a well-wisher to the Society, and a 
^' generous promoter of their pious designs. 

*' The Rev. Mr. Professor Prancke, is ever 
" attentive to our requests, and doth us the 
honour of shewing his approbation of our en- 
deavours, by lending his helping hand to 
'^ assist us, whenever occasion calls, either in 
the eastern or western parts of the world. He 
is kind]^' pleased, on our application, to furnish 
us with proper labourers for the work of the 
Gospel, and the extension of Christ's king- 
dom amongst the Heathens, in a very distant 
part of the Gentile world; — persons, who 
" have under him been educated in good learn- 
ing, and the knowledg-e of true religion ;— 
persons whom he hath tried in lower stationa^ 
and hath experienced them to be deserving of 
'* double honour, and capal^le, with the blessing 
'' of God, of undertaking the more arduous 
^< labour of preaching tlid Gospel to ttie nations 





^ who know not God ; and of enliiirging' the 
'*^ kingdom of the blessed Jesus, where hitherto 



it hath not been received and obeyed. 

The Society is, by the recommendation of 
onr Very reverend and pious friend, inclined 
to look upon yoa. Sir, as such an one ; and 
accordingly reacheth but the "hand of friendship 
to you, embraceth you with tender liffcction, 

*^ and taketh you under their particular protec- 
tion ; recommending to you, in the name of 
the Holy Jesus,* to take heed to yourself and 
to your doctrine;" — '' to live an unbiameable 
and pious life, and thereby to adorn the 

'' Christian religion ; and to be industrious and 

'' indefatigable in the duties of a Christian mi- 
nister, in feeding the little flock which is 
already gathered together, and to do your 
utmost endeavour to enlarge the fold, and to 

^' collect into it those who are appointed to be 

'^ heirs of salvation. 

*^ To fitcilitate this work, when you come to 

the place of your destination, yoii will, by the 

Pivine permission, meet with a worthy col- 

leag-ue, the Rev. Mr. Hutteman, who halh 

*^ performed the office of Missionary at Cuddalore 
for many years, to the entire satisfaction Of the 
Society, and hath, by the Divine blessino',- 

'' b<!i£n enabled to make many couverts to 

'' Christianity. 



^< Ud w9l feeeim yo^ wfii opem wvps j . uidb 
'^ iRre mallei na doulit W <ih%t you wiU be rmiy 
^^ to take frcBA hiiQ lui^lh instm^ions^ in fegvd 
^ ta the manner of y^n i^c^vre, m bis abMi* 
^f ti^^ et\4 hi9 experienoe doffing; liU iong feei^ • 
*' denoe theve^ make him captUie of pbnnin^out 
'^ fbx your use and direction. 

'^ The Society join iix their liest wiahefl and 
^' moat hearty pn^ers to Ahnighty Go4 thet he 
'^ would preseiTve your heelth, and prosper yovr 
'^ voyage to the port to. whiph you are bpund ; * 
^^ and would fill you with the divine graces of - 
^' his Hdy Spirit; thiat he would endue yon 
^' with zeal and fc^encyj with prudence and 
'^ wiad0]B> with couca^ and wneiBx^y, with* 
'^ patknce and peiseveraBcej in the gopd work 
^' to. which you are to be appointed ; aivi th^t. it 
^^ may gmciousbjr pleaae him to prosper att yepiF 
^^ laboujca^ fi)r the support and extension of the 
^^ kingdom of the blessed Eedeem^ of mam^ 
^^ kind^ for the saWa^ipn of spuk, and tlie gl^ 
'^ of hU holy Najne, who wUleth. aU ofen to 
^' come to the knowkdge o£ the trii^h aqd be 
'f aayed," 


aPh <AJ8 Jl^. GerkkS made^ ihefMrnsii^ reply . 

'' I shi^aM be. grea% waiting in my dii|^^ iP 
^^ I did not take this favourable (^^stunity ot 
^' testifying the just respect and gratitude of my 

*^ hcAit, whkh, on iristn^ accannts, 1 o*^e to tliia 



HpnosmUe Society. The impevtant trust 
they h»ve committed fo me ; thetr fcind reeep- ' 
tion of me in England ; the many favonrs 
^^ they have conferred itpoh me, in providing for 
'^ t4ie conreniency of m^ Yoyag-e to flie |Qaee of 
my destination ; and above all, tfieif pions ancf * 
afl^etimiate €!harge relating to^ flie- duties of 
my'fiitiipe station, are so many obligations/ 
'* that call npon me, to retarn yon. Honourable * 
Siis, my most humble and unfeigned diatiks*. 

Nothing couH be more agreeable to mc' 
than the pmdent ordenSr' and direcffons of this 
'^ Honourable Board; which with heart aud 
*^ mouth I promise to follow in every part : and, 
' as I once for all, have errtirefy and chearftiHy 
given myself up to the bJesserf work, of the 
LfKTd^ vineyard at Guddalore, it shall be my 
constant practice to }rttpl6ite' the Divine mercy,' 
'^ that by t))e blessing and assistance of his Holy 
Spirit, 1 may be encMed to answer the just 
expectations' of my honoured and worthy Con-' 
'^ fitituents and Fatroris, according to flie mea-* 
^ fiwe of att my tfbiKties and strength; always' 
^ remembering tbe striet account I am to give^ 
one dfty, for every thing to Hin>, who has* 
bought hiflh flock with hi& own precious blood. ' 
M^ay the Lord God of Meave»> in Ins in- 
jhiite g)0odaes», be pleased evermore to ftirther 
^ and' blato f he retigioua designs of tiiie Honour- 






''able Society for promoting the intereffC of 
" Christ's kingdom upon earthy to the gknry of 
*\ his Name> and to the aalvatioa of many ttiou- 
'* «and Souls among Christians and Heathens ; 
and Hiay he himself be the Rewarder of all 
their pains and works of charity^ in this vrorid 
'^ and in that to come. 

And if I finally may be alloired to recom- 
mend myself for the future time to* tbetlove 
^'. and prayers of the HonouraUe Society^ it will 
^^ be a paoticular satisfaction to me^ and a great 
** addition t all their former favours." 

After* this Mr. GeHck^ sailed for the East 
Indies^ oh boftrd the Devonshirei Capt, Merce^ 
on the 3d of April, 1766, 

*Jn the annual Report c^ 1767, the Hon. 
Governor Palk, in a letter from Fort St, George, 
dated lltb of March, 1766, gives this respeet* 
^1 testimony, of the Society's Missionaries in 
India. " Mr. Fabriqius, Mr, Breithaupt,* ^^nd 
Mr. Hutteman, are indeed the very men you 
have represented them to be in your letted 
^' and have always been much respected, both 
^' here and every where etee, and I am at all times 
'' glad to promote their welfare." The Missiona*- 
lies observe, ^^ that they look upon their confereil- 
^' ces with the Heathen as one of their main busi-* 
** nesses, Little treatises have been {bestowed 
^^ on those who shewed a desire to read them. 
^f They defend their idolatry as praqtiKd by 


'**^ tUeir forefathers; «Dd ^y, if they ^liauld em- 

•''\hraoe Christianity, the people of . their Cast 

'.^ I would be joSended vrith theniy and their Idols 

^f.woukl punish .them. Whilst others listen to 

.''' the Christian jdocbine with attention. The 

/'.^ Missionaries lament .Ihe death of a pious 

'' Christian, Mr. Jonathan Hubbart, an Eni^Ksh- 

- *^\ < man, . fornMKly a *schodmaater at IVbidras, who 


'^ hath Mt the Mission 186 pagodas, and a num* 
*^ bcr of religious books.. Thi^ adinowledge a 

•*^ present from. Aingara. Naik^. a Irleatbai^ a 
'* friend to. the Mission^ .of four acres^ of ground, 
" free jfrom all taxes. Mr. Kiernander^ in a letter 
'^ from Calcutta, gives an acd^unt of the con- 
'' version of a Jew, who received baptism, and 
'' continued to attend Divine iiervice rcgulailj." 
.The Missionaries from Tranquebar state a 
considerable encrease this year; and amon^f 
theiie, '' 4f8 baptized from the Heathens/' 
In the accoant subjoined to the annual sermon 

rfiNT 1768^ we find Professor Francke informing 
the Society of two new candidates for the 


« . In March preceding, '' Mr. Cnoll, the phj* 
'^ .sician^ who bad served the Mission more than 
^' 30 y ears^ died ; as did in April, a son of Mr. 
*' Kolhoff, a child of good hope." The loss of 
Mr, Swartz from the Mission at Tranquebar, on 
}iis removal to Tirutchinapally, is much regretted^ 

" in a short but nervous manner. They do not. 





indeed, see any immediate effect of their 
labour in this Mission^ but they look upon 
themselves as husbandmen who cannot expect 
to sow and reap at the sanve time. There are 
at present about 200 Europeans at Cuddalorei 
*^ who were in the most forlorn condition with 
" respect to their spiritual concerns, and in the 
'' greatest danger of apostatizing to Heathenism. 
^5 The Missionaries have therefore continued to 
*' dedicate part (^ their labours to them^ and 
^'^ they bless God^ not without success. Many, 
" who from Deistical writings^ and the pn^ne 
scoffings of Infidels, had been sadly prejudiced 
against the Gospel, begin to be influenced by 
the power of it. When divine service is per- 
formed in English, many of the Heathens, 
partly out of curiosity, partly out of a desire 
to leani the language, crowd about the doors 
f^ and windows, and seem greatly struck with 
'^ the solemnity and decorum of our worship. 
'^ Since this year they made Journeys into the 
country, conversing with the Pagans, Maho- 
metans, and Europeans, on the subject of re* 
ligion." Mr. Gerick6 expresses himself as 
been much affected by a conversation with 
a Pandaram in this joumey> who promised to 
correspond with him. In the letters from Tirut- 
(hinapally, it is stated that '' the salary of £\Q0 
yiW^. the governor at Madras had b«eQ 












pleased to grant to Mr. Strartz^ (withoiit any 
solicitation on his part^) for his care of the 
garrison, he has employed toward finishing 
the Church and the Mission house ; but f(u: the 
future^ provided the Society approve of it^^he 
proposes to apply one half to his own use^ 
and the other to that of his congregation. • 
Mr. Swartz writes tliat '' he visited the 
Ciu*istians at Tanjore^ having got^ .as usual^ 
leave from the King. He continued with tbem 
near three weeks, preaching CQmmonly three 
times a day in the Malabar^ Portpguese^ and 
German congregations. Before he left the 
place^ the King being desirous to hear him; 
sent for him, received him kindly, and asked 
'^ him several questions relating to religion. 
Mr. Swartz likewise, at his request, explained 
to him some of the principal doctrines con** 
tained in the Scriptures. The King listened 
to him with attention and seeming delight, and 
'' assured INIr. Swartz of the satisfaction he had 
*' felt at hearing many things which he had 
«*' never heard before. Some days after Mr. 
Swartz return to Tirutcliinapally, he was in- 
formed that the King of Tanjore was de* 
siirous of his settling at that place, upon which 
'^ he wrote to his brethren at Madras, Cuddalore^ 
and Tranquebar, who advised him to go once 
more to Tanjore, and try whether something 
might appear by which they might be able to 











ylA^ What to do m this aftkit. Accordingly^ 
a« he ^qoaitits the Sdciely in his last letter, 
*^ dated 16 January, ItTO, he paid a second visit 
to Tanjore, and conlintied there three weeks, 
dnritig^ which time he saw the King but Ohce, 
**" when he AVas asked softie ftirther questions 
concerning the doctrines of Christianity. He 
had, hoVv^ei-er, daily opportunities of talking to 
large companies of Gentiles, the poorer 
** sort of whom seemed desirous of hearing the 
•""^ word of God. He likewise visited the prin- 
••* cipal servants of the King, and declared to 
"^ them the counsel of God touching their eter- 
•* nal salvation. One day, when he Wafe preAch- 
*^ ing to a large congregation at the entrance of 
^' the palace, he had word sent him to stay a 
** little longer, in order to wait on the King, who 
'^' Was however diverted from his intended con- 
*' versation with Mr. Swartz. It was reported 
**^ that the King intended to keep him at Tanjore, 
*' but that the courtiers did all they could to 
*' divert their master from it. At last Mr. 
^ Swarti entreated one of the generals to let 
" him know the King's pleasure, whether he 
'' was to stay at Tarijore, or return to Tinit- 
** chinapally, and received for answer that he 
*^ might go back f6r that time, but was to re- 
*' member that the King looked upon him as his 
*' P^dre. Accordingly he returned to Tirut- 

^* «hlnapaflyr where he continued his labmifs in 



'' iflitructing Ghnstkuis and Heatlittis. MaAjr 
'' among the latter hare owned themselves con- 
*' vinced in their hearts of the Christian re- 
ligion^ but the cross which they mast take 
upon them as soon as they embrace Ghristkmity^ 
deters them from a public profession of it. 
However there were 20 baptised the last year, 
and six Papists received into the Protestant 
*' Churchj besides children." 

In the publication for 1771, the Society 
acknowledge ^' a letter from Mr. Kiemander at 
Calcutta, together with a joint letter of the 
same date, from him and the other two exe- 
cutors of Capt, John Griffin, deceased, who 
by his will (an attested copy of which they 
sent enclosed) has bequeathed the residue of 
'^ his estate to the new Church at Calcutta, di- 
recting that the yearly interest be applied to- 
wards the repairs of the said Church, and the 
salaries of one or more Misaionariesand school- 
masters, and appointing the Society for Pro- 
Bioting Obfistian Knowledge, in conjunction 
*' with the Rev. the Director of the Orphan 
'^ House, at Halle, in Saxony, trustees for the 
f' right application of this bequest.'" 

In 1772, in the letters fram Madcw, Messrs 
FVibfickls arid Breithaupt state that '^ several 
^' Arabic Testaments and Psaltevs^ with which 
^ the Sodety punished them, iiad^ been pre- 
'' sented to some learned Moormen, who were 













acquainted witli that language. As ^ apeci* 
men of their weekly and sometimea daily con- 
versations with the Heatlien^ they send an ac- 
count of a six days journey which Mr. Pabri* 
cius made to Conjevenm. The road he took 
was through Poonamaley^ a populous town, 
.whereupon^ setting down on one side of -ihe 
'<" market street^ the people soOn came about 
*' him. Besides representing to- them the sin 
'' and folly of worshij^ing idols> he laid before 
*' them the pure doctrine of the GospeL In- the 
beginning of his discourse, .one<of his hearers 
thinking he was^a Romish^^Sriert, objected 
tliat they had also imaffes in their Churcbcs ; 
^' but he satisfied them .to-tlie<*contn9iry.^asMtat 
" their desire informed.. them to; what; pi(i|iQse 
'^ their Churches did-.-serve^ -and^ how. .- Divine 
worship was; performed in tj^eiu^-.v ^}^^^ 
listened with £;reat'!attention. to what tefuvlher 
^^ observed concenurtK. the. doctrines, of^ Christ t* 
anity^ and (as Mrr.Fabriciusohsttared every- 
where in his journey^)^- cepfat^d^ 5^f^^ 
tlmt it wa? aUog^F t)^.^^: vA^ ^n^er 
he explained to them^^nwe f^t^c^ 
pointe of the Cbnstian^reli|^mH and g^vQ^theitt 
^^ what seemed -to Ji>e a ^atis& 
the question they proposed to .him. about the 
'^ lawfulness of animal food. Before he. to<^ 
*^ his leave^ he read the Malabar letter by way 




^ of refieating^ his itistniction^ and at their desire 
'' left it with thfem/* ' 

Protti CuddAlwe, Mr. Gerick6 dcicribes hh 
second excursion to Vellore, (four days journey 
to the north west.) He set out at the end of 
Mareh, and stayed almost two months^ '' during 
^ which time he performed Divine service every 
'y Sunday ift English^ at the request of the 
" garrison^ visited the sick in the hospital, and 
" twice administered the Sacrament of the Lord's 
'^ Supper. It pleased God to give a blessing to 
'' his Word, so that several soldiers voluntarily 
^ ibrmed themselves into a religious society, 
'• meeting regularly every Sunday to pray, sing 
^^ psalms, and read the Bible with other good 
books : and the Missionaries have the pleasure 
to learn, by many edifying letters; that their 
zeal was fiyr from cooling. At th j same time 
^^ Mr. Gerick6 did not lose sight of the chief 
'* end of his being sent to India, but in company 
** with Habacuc the catechitt, preached every 
^ day the Gospel to the Heathens. They like« 
wise jointly instructed a Heathen woman, who 
before their departure Was baptized and mar« 
ried to a soldier ,of the garrison . Mr. Gerick^ 
dispersed likewise a number of tracts; and held 
^ discourses vridi the inhabitants of many vil- 
'^^4ages, on the neees«ty of quitting their ido« 
^^ktry, and tumfng to th^«nly bluief God, through 
"^ Jesus Christ" 










The Sdeieiy (be same year acknowledgpe that 
they have received a letter from the Rev. Mr^ 
Swaivtz^ at Txiutchinapally^ dated Jao. 21, 
1774^ wherein he acknowledges the goodaeat 
^* of God hfiving raercfftlly pregervei) him and 
^^ hb follow labourers^ so that they have bees 
^ aUe without interraption te preach the Gos* 
^ pet to Cbri0tiana and Heathens. He is asaijsted 
** by five nativecii whose names aud cbaracteis 
'^ are as foUows;, viz. 
*^ h OievaAescB^ the eldest wb# baa beao for 
iCver&Kytar<s ft faith£al assistant. 
^"^ 2, SfittHaaiit « BMin a^d fifty years^ wba 
fbrwierly^ when he a^ved the (jonouiable East 
'' ladia Company in (he jqaality of a Seapoy, 
f' was convert^ to Christianity, learned reading, 
5^. sfcemd a smtisre desire of bein|^ serviceable to 
iat coanti^aien, aiid possesses a haj^y taieaC 
^ ad^Ossiog; hfiniaelf to all jsorto of people* 

i. Ijpaasiititttta;, a yoiuRf Bsaai of 30 yean of 
aee wbQ has a eompetent knowre^ge, and 
reads e^streaiely well, sq tbst the Uei^h^nshear 
bim >vitb pleaaore. • V • 

'^ i. Dewasagayana, » young man of about 30 
ii4ip h^d nol long beeik engaged iatjhis work» 
but proaiiaM wettn fearing God. sincerely. ; 
'' &. ](c^ppen> Sk young man of 22 yeajv o^ ^ 
f^ tigtv, irho is abl9 and sidUing (a explain tbd!' 
^ pawf i|dsgr <^ Chifistiaxntj in a catechizlug way 
'^ to the children at school. And^ these ia the 







* best of Mr. Swarte^ knowfodgiir m^ free 
*' from vice, and witting to be emptojwd in the 
^ work of Ood, and at the same time content 
^ with the nnaU allowanceL whieh he is aMe to 
give them. Their work is carried on itt the 
foDowing^ Boanner: in the fotsenoon three of 
^* the cateehitts go abroad by tarns to eonveri^ 
with the Heathens; % Ibtirth instrttcts the 
'/ children^ and the other help9 Mr. SNrarte fti 
teaching the people who desire to be baptifled. 
'' Besides whie'h Mr. Swarttf himself catechiKes, 
" for an hour every di^y^ the children who have 
*' learnt EngHsh. In the afternoon ttiej^ aM visit 
^' either Cfanstians or Heathens^ and evepy mmth 
^ two of the f ateehists tilEivel some v9Kf into the 
'^ cottntry to make knoww the word of Sod ft> 
^ the poor Gentiles, tn th« {kisceding year they 
^^ most commonly had soiwe pec^le who dlwlred 
to foam the doetf ines of Christianity, and to be 
baptized : the number' amoimtod to SO. Iti 
tlie fivgKsh B^oijL 40 ChtldMti are taught 
pea^g, writing, and cyphering, turn boys 
^' have been dismissed and aW now in th^ strvice 
** of a gentleman at ]!lfadfQ». Two pioii» sol^ 
'^ iSM% instruct the ehildron for 8 boons ^ day. 
'^ in the MAlabar school 90 children enjoy 
'' the benefit of a Clmstian education, 96 of 
^ wbote receive a moiilbly cfaatiiy of half a 
^' rapef . This together Wttii a niontbiy alfefT* 
^' wBfft of two pagodftto to ei»h e(? |he iiVe eater 






*' ehiats amoiutts cooimonfy to thirteen pagodas. 
" The aUowsnice. wbiclfe.tla gQl(eBM»BP.t^«t.Ma- 
'' dras. haaifQddr^jBvfMtOk ^^<j)ag<ai4a»-per 
'' immtfa; -«(r-AitTiittim9«^«Bmsl()r f»^«c^ -his 

'/ »wiC^aiL5*f.I :?„-3 -•:•; o* .To'rrr?:.: r* 1> r-- 

^The kttelbtobdHflernthsBii «t^^ 
hatefiunie aid ■rlhe^Mi•■i9l»4:iir^09■>e.q9Mra€eof 

wJucb the iSp«i|ety> tcjif e^A$r«<ih#«l^M!0 «^ 
MK-tS,wart»:«H ItM 4«pi(||aa«» h^i.cj^iif^eDt); 

'' widi lwlii<^ iteSoci«^ b»v^: J1>€«b pleased to 
foismr hifn>.^faive bMH: highly ben^Al^ial to the 
wUiers, mmL 9i: wkoiO hftye beea reclaimed, 
and hQW?wiA iiMke fNiMl's pf God's coRuaand- 
vaea^i . petmmi -bin «hd hi9 JVla- 
d^v:C«<M«loM» wid Tl%n^b(^>y there cor* 
ttnii^:|h9;»06t:«or#i{a:.fri(terRalJoye, ^ of 
<h(^<beifig inttnif to^P:«n<(epo(Mi^^ him 
.Mmvfdka^iieai^tteiitl^li^^a:: r. :! , 
" And hewqtiw JS«»fQrr t|unk. -it f roper to 

^ m96tMn'9t1i6nl^MJ&aci^t^ to- 


:1^9d«»l|*»«>%^!«>g??^i«P|'^ *iwr. 
Ij^f^nf #<Wv^,||i^,'^dtf^ co«^i^ 

•49tt4:il^i9f%s4771vJ»#l««$)«^thm^ bjUfor 

:.£l(QQ.iitht<(|^j|)«:d»ni<Bd:j9^hiJ[>ebre9^ to 

the Iteyi, M>< *!Wt* fi»r tnMHiattn|p/ vnOdng, 

and dispersing in the Malabar language. 




" tetUe's Troth oC Chtiitiuiitf deawMtnUed fa 
" a Dttilogne with t iMnt.">.9iiK)Sad«(yint1ieif 
^ aiM#e^ m> tha» fM^Mun^ wheMin th^ k* 
" tuit^MM |lMifi;l»for.tlmiind.«r«i7 gther to^ 
<< ken of hb attention to the EaM Itidk MwMn. 
<' and'tCMillod tteh:«ppnbBtioirof in dst^n, 
6eggfitf3|eif^ 4iOtvMtKtoi!Miil te bimthat it 
WlB 44>]p;^«il«ftdeii lft^.Ji4iBlii«;* todt would ftdl 
*' of'-^i^iiKfting f^^^^^ Md pio|Mwd, a». it 
'' seemed to beabove the capacity of the IndiMM, 
'' a«ii^<tfrned~4aLe^frte&''upQiit'ia; cdaitiQ^eisy to 
" Wld6frlbdte^<fi^i(l*ia»^iiBtttit/aiidiei»td 
btf 'be{>^ w{tr:c^j9piiWMiiiitvi«ra«ieni}. aooi it 

**■ VmSf^Vi^\il^^\'amaalikm lbmtb8).IitdUn» 
"- \aA^ibm'-mtii^^diM^A^ pifpr.for 

" ' lbe-f»ff>oA^o f#i .'ArcliliMcMic Ihltt'ii^ a.M&e'. 
" qtHm(^Myfii;^fiii^tcbhell»»ed^«l td>de4i»e>tiiat 
«' l»otft''iiaH?bt^l»ir«ett^tbi1M»r«Mi1^ 

" been done acc(ft*ditt|$|yi/4b»r4teit»Jni^AMrvrbal 
^^ use i>f iheinHie ttudftkiiA pti»p«KH: i ;. 

knowlet^ «^ ' tlM:^i;o4dtieMJBf <aid>iwi^rcl(tfrtng 
te(h dll hi Ufo^rfff l8li<Hkyie>fteidtei«i6eiM^^^ 
mitok,mi^ 2sdhk«r)r<jM^>%lf(i«iy»rglit was 
ihndi impufedi:'%ife|>>W*4iM^ie^l|^ftiea 
i/^i Vmi^- ^tm^m^ t^iedifit 'tk^ ^ io«ni 
^l^1t(^'4)d |lk«r-fliitd'^cbdi^ In 

<' ^^mnWf/^W. Wa^ ftttd^ Mr; J(»bn« their 


tt^ C 
it. .1 


' f 




^ t*9 Mw bnilirfn wd (i^^ UAouren atrired 
'^1 M$e ivMi GipFope in. a D^nilh '6kq>« btM. Mr. 
^ffUkr v«4tUn*«. few 4it^6 i^ftef his erriifttl wa» 
'/ lej^ witk «uCh ft fit ^of bypoehon^Hac tnekin- 
^' «M)^> 4ha|;. lie had not been able to enter on 
^' the "trdfck <Nf the o&nidtrjr. At the eurnebt i-e- 
? qimst of <0iae ivko iouf ed ta heai* the word, 
^ Mr. Lmdemaati ftadJbeen to the iahmd of Cty- 
'* \miy and there fnached, and admiiristen^d the 
hAy toauoaiiioa. Tiia same ^ideman like- 
wise tcigether with Mr. Kolholf had be en to 
No^yatnlLiB to miaister the vrord both to 
^ ^htte and blsjok pe0f>)a, and the latter in com- 
^ |3any witli Mr. Geviclbe, had paid a visit to Mr. 
^' Si¥srte^ preaGhin^ the Gospel by the Tray. 
They further aoqwiut the Society that they 
htd began ta priat a ^second edition of the 
<' Peoteteueh in tber Tarnidisjn, and the fifdi edi- 
tion ^ the S^^iritaal Songs in Portuguese. 
*' The Datch cocnmati^ at Jaffimapatnaai had 
sent as far as Nl^gtf atnaai bwie necessaiy 
iinfhaia as a prdieat to the Missim whteb had 
/' faaea' lisnftai#d to thein- witbout eicpeace by 
the ^g»9tni»^i the last s»eittiiKH»e4 friaoe. 
Vm% ^ October 1769 to &Ui Oetaber 
5'« 1770i tliere had been added, 

** ^t) the Portugutse congtegation 4 Heathens. 

4 Children. 




*' To the Tamulian town church 16 Heathens. 

• •• • ' • rvojfth 


^ ^ VarChildfen. 

To Che Tamulian country church l<i Heathens. 

12 Papists, 
:.- -^aAliWren, 
5' So that the whole, eucrease of flemt conflrre'' 
gation amounts to 184 peraans. 
'^ The ctiildren taught in the Portuguese 
school are 61, of wboxn 15 hoys and £1 girk 
are mainlained by the ^Jms, In the Tauiur 
lian fichoob 6 1 boys, and 58 g^irls are main- 
^' tained, and in the Tamulian country schools 
^ SI children are instructed and relieved, 

'' Such was the state of the Protestant Mis* 
** sions according to the latest accounts ; when 
'^ the Society^ taking inty conaidecati^n the ur- 
*' gent applications which h^ been made^ and 
^^ the absolute necessity there was for a ^eater 
^' number of Missionaries in Jndia^ and at th^ 
same time finding themeives unable te enlarge 
the expences they were aJreajd^ at vt ori^ing^ 
^' on this branch of liheir designs^ eame tp a reso* 
lution of applying to the Jipno)irable , East 
India Cwipaf^ far their kind ajd and as-' 
sistance : and ttfe following ^suMpnorj^ wieis a^* 
pordingly drawn up and presented to IJI^e .H<v* 
'^ jiwrabje €ourt of AirectoEa* , • 



*' TO Tsa HOHoinuBts oovn ttx ttoactou, 

" r/i« petition .end itfe?^;^/fiiB(AfiSo«V^, 
" for pTiOmoting CAriaUan, JCnowkdge vitlt 

"THAT Uie Society ^fbf many years en- 
"^ couraged tlie Protestant Mission , at'Trauque- 
•* bar, founded by FretlcricE IV. Kin^ of Den- 
**■ mark, for the conversion of tlie' Heathens in 
'" the souUiern part of the coast of Cororoandel; 
*.' assisting them with money and boofe, 'furnish- 
" ing them with a printihg-piessj .and supplying 
"■them from time to tinic with paper and other 
** materials for {he use of rit. _ The success with 
" which that-Mission 'wM'tWt'Bopn ^ve the 
,"^ hint of extehdihff tlie'bciienf'to'tne EngUsh 
y settlements 'In those' jiarts,' 'where Missionariei 
'" havebeen accordingly' es&blisliedj and' schools 
'' erectej for the inw^rucfionVf the 'ignorant na- 
** lives in the trurtis'of Chrisiianlfy. " "-'■ " ' 
' "'" In the year'r?38 the Society ^gan with set- 
'' ting up a'Jfi«8ionat\!^lkdrafi,'' where they havfi 
,"' all aTohg supported^ tnx>'Mi?8iona|n'csi!^ whcse 
•^ places are ' It'fil^ py theHevcrend 

', Mes'sJeniV t afld Breiitliaupl, , , 

V la the y y. another MJuion 

". ppeqed at C , the care, of which waa 

-.:■.-*■. :..,■.... ,_ ,'j;(; \or i-ivi','-'. ;_ 



^ entrasted to the Rei^ien4 Sfettieurs KicrasBh 

f' ing taken by the Fi^n^h^n I75SS, retired 
'^ tlieir flop k tp Th|iiqu^b&gr ; wliere nhei loiter 
'/ contiiraedperfbrmiqg the dtities of hq fuoctioB 
" tOl Sept. 1760, when h^ returned to Jjd^tbrfl^ 
*' statioiu . . 

*' V^hil9t1\fr.HaUeman«taye4atTrs^i^etiai; 
'^ Mr. Ki^iiand^i*^ perceiving ao'likeljGoddtbat 
^' Cv^alore woii^ be re^^fed to ^Tier&aglish, 
*' and the people at H^ngpi^ i^ving l^een long 
^^ deslrbvi^ of a jyi^i^ion^^ •e't sail for that 
'' plac^, a^d jirrivinj^'tber^ towfuds the end of 
'^Sept 1758, h> In^niiiBcliately opened i^ (cbob^ 
•* juid applied bim»df with di^^ to the 
'' preaching of iKe Go^e]. Tbi» underbuy 

of his, in which tbeSociety tbpuglit it th^ir duty 
i' ip sttf^olit him, ha«, thirough the Divine Ble^ 
'' dng^ met with such snccess^ and the labours ii 
y, the Miwou are grown so he^yy for hm, 4hat 
f b^ hat rc^e^tedty desired that another M)Bsk»- 
i^ ary might be sent' to assist hint 

", In the meaii wbUe Mr, Hntteivan, upon has 
^S return to OuddEJore,. Unding the work too la- 
f'. boriobs for biif^/^lpne, was in tte year 1766 
^f f^yo^jred wT(h. a; coU^gue, the Rev. Mr. 

GericH^ An^ th^ yeiyr fottowing a new Mia- 

lion wai fr^cted at'Ji^rutchinapiaUy. under the 
^'. tare bf tl^e Reverend Mr; Swartz. ; who, hav- 
15 tfig r^feiv^ very ffpHoBg inyita£ipiis from the 




_ _ _ _ • 

King of Tanjope to come rnifl preaeh tire Gos- 
pel at Im court, has importunat^y requested an 
assifitant, that he mfty be aWe iKe better to im- 
prove thifi entfadrdinwiry opportunity which of- 
^ feUB of propagating' tbeJ Cferktian Religion 
^- itmong-the Hieethei«. - • ' 

'* When the Society first entered upon flii* 
*' pknis work, they had no fiind to answer the 
^' expence, towards the defraying of which they 
^ hajre ercn now no more than the interest of 
^' «£1000: fio that, besidefi what benefactiona they 
** receive, there remains every year a very large 
»* deficiency, which is supplied out of the g«nc- 
" ral stock. This, great and constant demand, 
** they thank fiod, they have hitheito b^en able 
^ to make good ; but are apprelienarre they can 
*' by no means enlarge their expences, -without 
prejudicing the other de«ig^is in whicb they are 

^ In this urgent ncMssity therefimthey be- 
^ thou^ght themselves of soliciting tbe fionoara- 
""' ble East India Company for their eMoirage- 
-^ ment and assistance in an undeitaAuag which 
^ tends so manifestly to the advancement of the 
^ glory af God, 2k the ^ame time that it erentui)!* 
** ly cotKluces to the ^ood and benefit of the 
♦* East India Company. FVn*, 'besides promoting 
*' • Ghristiaa KwiWledge' among* the fiatives, who, 
•^ as they become more acquainted -with our reli- 
^*' pffti, ^wM be ' likewise tinfted tn % tnore. close 

^ trad frieiuHy imiMnr i^Mk ^ttir settkM; the 
^* Missionaries aara siicpessi^tty employei in 
*f making canveisU- from Pop^rj, and thereby 
'^ contribute in tome measure toward tlie e^ta- 
^' blishment and f^heranee of Uw Protesteift 
interest in thoco parts : whifet, in the midit of 
their febours, they aoe always ready to minister 
'^ to the spiritual waiito of the EupogaeanSy and tl^ 
^^ render eyery other aemte in tiidr.poUisr 06 
*' the Company's settlements ; for which they 
*' have beaa frequently honoured ivith aingalar 
** joxAoi of favoar from the sai oral i^omtikA 
^< abroad. 

Bat what chiefly emboldens the Sncifty to 
hope for the kind asBistasM^ of the iiondnaU^ 
^' Court, are the taany and repeated imtm»cB 0f 
^^ good-wiO and afleotion to thrir Psatntan 
*' Mianon^ in East India, for which 4iey agaiti 
^' retam tbehr mostigrateful tfassdos, aft the sann^ 
^' tfoie bs^giag: ^d -to ara^ite tiie i fciMwi aMfe 
'^^ Company sevenfold^ wxk to 4)kss them in all 
" their sekdemetits^ ammeiicei and wideitak^ 
^' iags^ t» 4iie good aald baaour of oar voantry . 

'^ Signed by order of the Society the 

'' fldday of fiac. 1771^ by 

** ^faoMAs BaouGfiTON^ Secretary. 

« • 

-** Tkit afiplkttiMi tiai 4ii&de«iied«ie<i, the 
'' ^Q^ottaUe Oi«ft fif BiRCton ipMrinp been 




^ pleated to order the paymeat of "^ 5dOpfl^;mb« 
^' oniof the company's treasury* at i^ort St. 
Geo^gf: for whieh generous and seascmable 
donatioin the Society have returned their moat 
sincere aefcnowledgeinen<js, ivhieh Ifaey-like- 
wise take this opportmity <tf repeating^:' En- 
couraged by this sQceess, whleh thef temot 
but Ipok upon as a token of the- DiWm appro- 
^ bation^ and trustifig «o hit ProvWetHie for the 
*' supply of vhatever shall be ftirthittMw^titfg to 
^' suppoift the inereasing expenees of ^ir 
^ Missions in India^ they immedkiidy iMdlved to 
''^ write to Mr. Professor Freylmghausei^,-^dil?ec- 
^' tor of the Qrphan-House at Halle in Saxony^ 
^ andr^uest of him to provide; wtb^dll^nve- 
^' nient speedy two new MissiOnifthitt/'tbe-ODe to 
«' assist the Rer. Mr. Kieniandikr^t O^kSufttfjlhe 
'^ otht«r to join in the care <^ (he Mi^M set 
'« Tifutehinapally> and afibid tfa^ 'Re^. Mr. 
^' Swartz an oppbrtiudty efembracmg'^ 
^^ tation whi^h has been iMide htm ef pj^eaSKng 
^ the Gospel in the capital of ^i]|)OI^l: :j^. 

^ The Society have atw^ ^ i4l|«|re to^'kc- 
'' quaint their meinbei^ and the pulfli^lhsci; Mce 
" they <M^6 to the above FAsolutkto; ttjij^ve 
'' Ikm^tdifimveA'fim a 

'' m^ tor uh^xpecled behefilefioii vef : i^^ 
•* which, accbi^inglo-the €i^iw 0^ 
'' has b^n ctddef to ^m\ ak^im «6ck^a|i^^ri^ 
^ ated to this branch of thdr designs. 

« About 225L sterlim/* 



in the account fv 1773. in the Madcw leiiet 
it is.fUllied.thait 'f:.t)ie number of IfaoBe wko^, 
'' tAer. .iilie ii«itnictim^ had been adontted into 
/^ the .Qm^ch by ha{Nli9H)^^.or converted from 
•^ Popery^^ j^ountjed . tp 48. pmuMs ; . «non; 
'* whom M^ a.MahoHiedan young nim^jB^^nrant 
of f a 6^ T captain. . Besides wUch . .^bi^o Iiad 
been ;39/ cfaildrenj born in the conffri^ation« 
^'Fonrto0n;p9rMfi8> after a pu^U^ renejnd of 
*f th^r bfiptjfiBal covenant^ had been ofHipitted 
''ior the .fii^ time to the JLiQrd*9 Table. 
T>renty*t^p conples bfMl been. i8Mli^..and 
sixteen persons had been tal^en ium * tlifni by 
de«i<jH" , 

^ * Ml^^^ve smnetimea crannnitlcdfefmnts 
of jtiifrworlv of P«ganism^ they «PlW w* 
fiQit rtlftting.axi^ instence of a Br^miMty^ in 
th«t^eat idolmtrons city of (TaiMhibiiiayiri.whn 
in t^^ mpnth of March, ou^ of an/Cs^^^efliiTe 
«ff4 for hi« hf^thenph fnpfi»^jp^x. fewi foade 
'^ hinM^' 941 ruiihjkppy nijvi^ Jl9. ifce PwiL 
*' For, having *^t upt.^|ion:.tb<>;St^pji«- of cfot 
ni the great Pagp(to^hsi;,tbr^%$OAd be wonld 
tbraw humelf b^adimg: fifcm \U if: .^he inha* 
hitmtM: \iFOttWs!M^ pfOfride fi)c e«l^iinting a 
eertinn i^aslt. in. tb¥ P«g«^ . He.|ea»ained 
there two days.withpnt ^e^i^inft' or. drinking: 
wb^n^ «eeing,lb»t,&e pai®^ 

F«g»dft4:>ft laftdo /.g<K>» jySid^ Md died 
lipon the:«|poK : A 4f^i|tjei«».*f *he jBnglish 




> • 


^ CaancH ii Pari St. Geci^^ being" ttien jnsi 
^iqrori 8 journey taOaiiriAuram, the eoipse o^' 
^ the BnlHua«y mes kept mibiinit till he tniveif 
^ tliera ftfid took a view ef if ^ 

^ l^cf likeivise think if not Amm io vvrtntion 
^ the rtnmge tintfiner in which n Heathen pe- 
^ nitent tormented htfitself in d pnbliek street of 
^ the Black Town at Madras, some honra eiFery 
^ day, for gereAl months together, by swinging' - 
^ himself, with ropes tied to the branches of a 
^ tree, backwards and fovwirds over a fire^ 
^ with his fttce downward : and this torment he 
^ Ufidefweiit in order to g^ money from the 
people, pretending that he had made a vow to 
ffive meat to many hnndred Bramineys^ 

In the ooiirse of the year they had received 
several good aoconats of the reiigioiis life of 
some persons among the English soldiers at 
'^ Vdftore and BUore ; and they had not omitted 
difitrilxitiBg BiMes, New Testoments, . and 
other good books and Treatises to siieh. as 
*^ shewed a desire and inclination to- read them. 
^* They had not quite finished the prmtitig of the 
'^ Makbar New Testament, not having so com^ 
^^ plete a set of types as to be able to compose 
•' one sheet while am^her is printing. 

In a snbseqnent IclUer, dated 25 Pe^. 1978, 
.they acknowledge the receipt of the several 
stores and presents sent out the preceding 
year^ and express tlicmselves partieolarfy 








thMfcftiV for the prtdfi^ p^MrV-^^indbly 
begging: .the Soo^^^d. thuir.Boqutat.has 
"^ ft<;c9i!d|ii|^; been cowplM vdth): to .covtioue 
'' fwtuisHing tNiB with^tkw ^ick^ n^ wft^^inHy 

an4 dire^lJry t^i^kng tCh Jhe. {WftiMlitlig^ of 
Chciftiftn tlia^ par^^^ ^ . 
'Phe RpV) !lVk6$ii$urft.:ir)i|tt)em and .Q*rijq)(^^ 
ia a lettgf cbte4 4 Qe^:. 1771^ ao^naifti.Ahe 
S^^ that they coQtkjfwe tl^ir taiwMrtiiarthe 
hofd'n ykiey^d> n«rtwiAiMaiidli^ %h^ many 
dbcoiv;f^gjeraentA.a|id..<liffieiJ^ Yf\mh (hey 
meet with. Thftriy^^ a^idt perw!P9 btd wi!«* 
llagly ofierqd thenuielvef to e^brae^ CXiristi« 
mity ; eigbteea pf wbem w^re umclfiff daily 

*' instriictioa: and the aama amnber^ partly 
HeathQBf^ partly PapMls> had been roceired^ 
in Jooe' precedbg^ as members of their con^- 
gregglion. In the Maiaiiar School abotit 

'' forty children are taught, and that opened m 
the. cvm\ty tt PnUeiaddippani, vtndtt the 
eart^ of Maiiod> gestomi, aad may hi lime 
prove the meant of qprraldxBg tha^ knowledge 

'' of Jea|9 Chxiat. 
^' la an«tfeief letttir> dated S4 Jan. 1772^ they 
peaeeed to ae<piaiet the Society that m the 
foregoing y^r iMty ^seten fottU haif e been ad- 

^ nutMd into the Ghurchj of whom forty^aevcn 
were adults^ aad twenty children. The former 
had been fully instructed U» a lo»g time> and^ 

'^ after mature examination into their past lives^ 






^ txA contktioQ of their stnetiitjr airf Msend^ 
^ ment> htd at their earnest request becsi re- 
** ceived. Those wiia were raq;>ected to have 
^ sinister views had been excluded from Qmrcfa 
^ conuDunioQ^thoiigh they were permitted to come 
^ and hear Divine service on Sundays : MessieQ» 
^ Huttenian and Gerick^ beings sensible that 
^ mere external profession 19 by no means in* 
*^ tendied by the Society and their worthy bene- 
^ factors^ and therefore assuring them that they 
^ will use their utmost endeavours to make their 
^ proselytes Christians indeed. 
- ^ In the Malabar school the number of 
^ scholars hafr commonly exceeded thirty : their 
'* communicants have been regularly forty-six. 
. ^' In the course of the year Mr* Gerick^ bad 
^ made three joumies into the country^ wbc^re 
he had abundant (^portunity of preachin§^;^lie 
Gospel. : .v »j ^* 

^^ The Rev. Mr. Kiemander^ in a letter 4)|it(|^l> 
'^ Dee. 1771 ^ acknowledges the mercy sti)^ 899^ 
'"^ nessofCrod.who^ through thewh<deyear>had^ 
^ voured him with the enjoyment of heal^ ^i 
^ of every necessary comfort^ and had enabled 
him uninterruptedly to go on in bia firactifHis; 
preaching and teaching both in the Ckig^iifr 
and Portuguese congregations^ v^hicb, throngfr 
the blessing of God, had received thefolfew* 




tngmcrease^ viz. 


" Adalt^pfVsonK'ifron lanoniji t\ 

"''-BcSiaes fhcise;' iSeViiral persons Tiave been 
'^ fiwak!)etied^ to a ^eiife 6f f eligion, who; though 
'' thfty.hAdbrrg^bcfore the danie of Pi-otestant 
'* Chridttatis^ had some ol them not for many 
^ ycJacrs-/ jmdothtrs never since they were bap- 
" tiied; IfeCfft in iriy Chtttoli/ nor' had ever re- 
'* ceived the Sacrament of the ^I^ord's Supper; 
'^ iHtf^Hio^^iie^iSbW Ctttstatlt Attendants on pub- 
•^ Ka ^ir*ati^^^atf «Bt^t{ily seeking 
'^*lll6»'M«i«#**r^^d^ tiie^ of their 

'' 8b*&> ' lDWf^thfe^aT»Veihehtlorted gix adult flea- 
"^ ih«MWkd bM ti<iBk''Bii)lli:ed; both those of 
'' tbe Mab^'kfia <Jil^K4 Bengal Cast had been 
'^ inetrtict^jff fh ^ P6rttipese language for 
*' near a whiite ytttf; andHn theii^iivfes and con- 
'^ Yers4tio>n8 bdid shewn themsehrei^ obedient to 
" the Gospel 

- 83 


^' The number of communiannCs in 

*' the Efif^iah oongregatkm 

^^ whom five htd been admi 

^' for the first time) had been 
^ In the Pwti^gTCse congregcti 

" (of whom Mfen had been ad*V «- 95 

'y rnkted for the firrt time) ani 
^ In the Gcormaa eouneeation * • - 19 


In all 197 

& school^ the number of chil-'j 
m who are maintained by the > - 

* * ' a 

vn-charity i* - '- * - 3 

*' In the school^ the number of chil- 

** dren who are maintained bv the S- * 20 
^ ** tow 

f -fie^dies which there are^ wholljr ^ 

• '' nrnintamed - - . ^ w > ''- 
' '^ Otit-stfirblaS,' who feceltc instrne* < ^- -^ 

' '*^ tion/ books, paper;'*e. grati«,f g^ 
** throtrgft the ai^mtalhee of (Her 

^- '^ Society ♦• - • -- 1-'* -^ A^ 'I' 


^KJttier ottt-8Chofetfg who ' pay • for f ^•'•' 
" thdfmsthictioti - • - * '-y Vi 


. . « . , > *. C" « • «* 

*' The Rev. Mr. Manoel da Costa iBeff at 
^^ Calcutta the 2d of March, 1,771, after al^nir 
"'rillnesa of near twelve months. To the last he 
'' .haa a \^reat desire of returning to Siaihj in 
'^^.tiopes of, making many converts there,, as li- 
'^ l)tHv in reliiridus matters is allowed/ and he 

». •« 

2 X 





was eageiiy ejcpected by some of his acquaint- 
ance, from whom he had received several 
letters to that purpose. The Rev* Mr. Bento 
" had likewise been very sickly; but, though 
labouring at times under great weakness, had 
assiduously assisted in the Portuguese congre^ 

The Society have likewise received another 
^' letter from Mr. Kiemander, dated IS Jan* 
^ m% containing an account of the reception 
"^ of another Romish Priest and Missionary^ 
** Francis Joseph Hanson^ who^ on New Year's 
** DsLy, had abjured popery^ and was received 
'^ into the Protestant Church. This person wai 
^ bom at Vienna in 1739> and educated intheRo* 
^ mish Church ; in which hafing taken orders, he 
^ for some time officiated in Europe^ and for ihe 
^ four liLSt jeaira as a Missiounry of the Order of 
^ the Obrm^lites at Bjuspra, However, by read-* 
^ ing tbe,9cr}p^tre8j^.he ha4>^ ti^rough the blest* 
^ ing of 0od^ been brought to the knowledge 
'^ of the truths and a fall conviction of the many 
^' and dangerous errors of popery, and had at 
^ the same time been inspired with a resolution 
*^ (^^ renpunqng, them. . Accordingly^ about a 
^ month itlter hi$ arrivals at Calcutta, in the face 
^ of the c<Higregation, 'and with an audible 
^ voice, he made his abjuration^ which he de^ 
^ livered to Mr. Kiemander^ who received him^ 
'^ and concluded with a prayer and singing the 
^ 100th psaim. Then a sermon wai preach«4 on 

ft 8 


" Rev. xviii. 4, 5, a&er which the new converi 
*^' received the Sacrament. There were present. 
* on this occasion the gbVernoK cu^^ iposipf the 
'' council, the Rev. Dr. Burp, and many other 
'' gentlemen, so that the Churcli was full ; a^d, 
'' a collection bein^ made, *^®T^, were gathered 
^' three hundred and thirteen rupees, three 
'' hundred of which were givefli to Mr. jllajisbn^ 
'' and the remainder kept for the other poori [The 
" abovementioned proselyte has a tokrablelfniiw- 
" ledge of several lan^uage^^the Qermap, Et^glish^ 
Portuguese, French, Turkish, Armehianj! Ara- 
bick, and Latin. He would vi^illiiigly , have 
'' been employed in the Mission; but as Mr^ 
Kiernander expected an assistant.' from Europe^ 
' he could not engage for his support ; but in: 
^^^ tended to apply lo the governor, ijf possibly 
he might get into some civil employ to main- 
tain him; and the Society have since , learnt 
" that Mr. Kiernander has succeeded in his ap- 
'^ plication. 

'' The Rev. Mr. Swartz, in a letter daied 
18 Feb. 1772, acknowledges the Divine good- 
ness in preserving his life and strength ; and 
mentions in particular a most signal instance. 
'^ of his fatherly care on the I4th of Januairy, 
'' when the powder-magazine blew up, to the 
'[ utmost consternation of the inhabitants. By 
*' this calamity many Europeans were killed and 
" bruised ; and the number of the natives who 
^'^ suffered by it was still greater. But though 



V ... av 

** Mr. Swartz'8 windows were broken^ and 


*' several balls flew in, he received not the least 
*' I iirt. His fellow-labourers of the natives are 
'* likewise in good health, and willing to assist 
their brelhren who live in idolatry ; and at the 
same time content with the small pay he is able 
^ to afford them out of the Company's allow- 
^ ance to himself, though some of them might 
*^ get more^ if they would follow another course 
•^ of life. 

*' The English and Malabar schools are car- 
^ ried on in the same manner as was mentioned 
'' in his last. In the former forty children are 
'^ instructed in reading, writing, arithmetick, 
and particularly in the principles of Chris- 
tianity : in the latter the number of children is 
'^ about twenty :six, who receive a monthly 
' charity of half a rupee each. 

'^ Thie Malabar congregation had, the pre- 
' ceding year/an addition of ninety-nine mem- 
bers, some of whom were formerly Papists, but 
the besl pjirt JHfeathens. Severttl of these are 
connected with a ffi^eat number of- families at 
Tirutchinapauy and in the country 5 and; as 
*^ they seem to be sincere, it is to be hoped their 
'' example will encourage othere to forkJce their 
** idolatry. At least Mr. Swartz has observed 
that many of the Heathens are become more 
inquisitive about the principles of Christianity ; 
which has animated him much in preaching 











*' the Goipel. The wakening of tdme of die 
** papists had lapdoeed a different effect. Many 
^' of that comsmion indeed came and heard 
the word of Ged gladly ; but others grew quite 
ontrageonSj perSed and threatened them^ end 
*' at last even put their threatenings in execu^ 
^' tion. For one of their catechists haying vi« 
^' sited a near relation of his^ an ignorant Papist^ ie 
^^ his sickness^ the sick man intreated his aflsist* 
ance. The catechist, in compliance with hia 
request^ explained to him the doctrine of re* 
pentance^ of faith in Christy &c. all iirhjch he 
willingly beards and soon after died. When 
the Papists came to bury him^ the catechists aa 
'^ a near relation, desired to attend the funeral^ 
'' which they disliked ; and the Popish cafcechist 
^^ having given him one blow> all the rest feU 
** upon him^ and beat him till the Heathen inha* 
'^ bitants cried out against tbem for murderers* 
** Four hours the poor bmuei lay senseless, but 
*^ after being blooded lie leoovered. The Na^ 
^' bob, being infomed of the aftir, piamised to 
^ chastise them : however, upon (^isfiiig some 
presents, they were soon released* 
'' In the English congregation are many sol* 
dierspiottsly inclined, who greatly ngoiced at the 
Sodety 's present of Bibles and Common Prayer 
BocJi;s; the large provision of which was 
highly acceptable, as the whole army was as* 
^' sembled at Timtchinapally, in order to b&* 



i ^ikf^l^^M^i iHM^IMfe 4f which a few da^ 

) -ff more Widd bftf b 4«dd«d, iud not the King 

'^''tikmg)it^Nff6ri-i6'>Me Cm: -peace. Since the 
'^ accommD^HM- «oob; ■ 9^«4 iiUuiy iw<^Ie bad 
*^ detiNd .)iia» totcittitef hfril^naherlnd till then 
** betn ftdljr enpic^ed: iu^il■tnl<ti■f wmeper' 
'^ gomr «n4i« weiw wittkig to vmteacel^He Chriitian 
" Rdig^eh, ' he \aA 4)eeti i hitf)i«Nkhfk«tt: going 
*< <thitiier. fie Wbhee heartify kirt body inght 
" be- sent to linitt him f itiirtilii<A &s« tt:>«nmld 
«^ Be eai^ for Mm to 9lay=at.9ai^>Mr'ibme 
*' motiths, and «ven; -if neoeMary; to4«iiid«4l[«re. 
"In ord«r to gratify Mi. Swcrtz {» tbir his 
' " eiameM - asoA yepe^ed dekBraj -the fioc&ty,- puV- 
*^ Mant->to Hhe* Vexriotioii ^hich they mmumiA- 
"f*- OilbeA to .the pvfUie in their list accottnt, ha'^e 
f* writt^ -to'^th^lteverend Mr. PrafeworlA^r 
^frVmi^Mtmn, Di^twd! the' Orphan-Gbmie bt 
"^HiJkMitt'faltOHy, iM(q«ptittg htm tojloolc dtit 
«v: tot *ficf^'t^^iimto too^eKeiie 'Mvi. Smmc^ in 
<«'<tM iarei4ir>«h»MiiiMu*fcnrin|l)ehittapidfy, as 
f^ilMlloHf 4iioaieDii<i3«aWibt(ift: pmd'^aMr. 
<!*'1[i^i«tiidi(«riKtqOaI(mita< il^^ t^ «#oJ«ttafeth«y 

«« have retMiigSfilMmiAM'Vmtm^tj^ttmslkftbt 
** Which ii|idated)lith^Beo. 17^ Iheyllaahi'that 
" hib entinirifii l»^ tit't^fbeeBv^nlhaipft' eifietit : 
** though he hiipoi that' tHrongfa<)iqpMliinit&ible»- 
'' sing/ he shaft be happy ; as tO' succeed against 
**neKtyear. ■.••■■ -■<■-■.',.,'■> 

**•' The Society have likewise received a letter 


^' from the Riitereiid the Danish MksIonarieB at 
'' "tranquebar, ibted: 4th Jfin;;177g, wlierein 
/^they write: tM»fw)m dl*i;0<Jtil73i>ta5th Oct. 
'/ 1771^theintPortiigue^ cQiigTt^tioiiiageiher 
^' ivitb &mr Tamolian/Chtuxdiei^iii toivit and 
^^ country had^besidea^asriimTHfar&d^and. thirty 
^' children^ reoeivM an increase of tawrenty 'ten*" 

^ verts iram Heatheni8nfi^:and;tw6lve'firoRidPo'^ 
^^ pery. lik ; thar tscbook tmro jbiiiiikkdi^flnd 

^^ nventy-nisiie. obiI4iiea.aii3 tmghtx^. ^^^^^ 
^; all of them been qpaved idi li&,i efsoqrtfdMf: 
'^ Mailer^ (me of the new Miesitoariesj^ffttaiihr-^ 
^' rired there ISth Jun^ I77li Mdi wtoirafled 

'^ from them/ on the S(^h'D^t«!(ftl^4>f 4ui^d* 
'' matnre/but,thej trusty a h^pydlJiltfl^noi^ " 

In the account pBMMlM}4t'Mf;^ifti««AkV: 
Messrs Ftahriciins and Breittitfitpt iwxillpqmrd 
ftraim Madras; ^^ tfiat as mudt^^ iSMa. mAm^Q i 
^ and oUier engngements #QlM j^aikQ^^tibci 
^ lieathens roand ^krU 'tlWW'M''tailili 'Cfrn^ 
f ' stantl^ invited tt> the l^ittgdMBoaif jCod^ oSHbey 
'' fbcbear, however^ IroabUiig' ^e^i £k«ii^iiipith 
^r.a narrative <«f thejr «l»oopraM, vOA fbeso <mi»^ 
^ioasvvfor f^fir of b^His tedioip; biidrj eaiipot 
help- mefiAioning an f vent which psay partly 
^' he considered w a Divine judfm^^^n the 
^^ Pagans and their idolatry^ and Whicb filtfr4i^ 
^^ played itsetf at Trupadi^ a plaee Iyh% dmong 
'' the^ hills^ to the north west, whither innu- 
<^ mtir^ble mul^tudes from all parts of the Gar^ 



imtick^ and especially from Madras^ annually 
resort or pilgrimage in the month of Septem- 
ber, to perform their worship, and to make 
offerings of money, of which the nabob tc^es 
'^ the greatest part, and generally farms the 
*' collecting that revemie for a considerable snm. 
^^ Here then great crowds of people being as- 
^^ sembled, according to custom, scarcely one 
'^ half had retum^ed, and these not with shouting 
^' and rejoicing, as at other times, bat with great 
terror and consternation : for after the people 
had pesformed their ceremoaies, and paid their 
^' contribationa to the idol, a sudden mortality 
*f bcoke out among them, and cut off several 
'^ tfaopsands^ partly at Trppsuli, and partly in 
^' tbeir flight 4rom thence ; so that according to 
^' lepqrt, it was not possible to bi|rn all the 
f' bodies, but many were left for a prey to the 
ff birds ftad befits, Tl^is epidemical disonler 
f ' appeavi^ Afterwards at Madr^, and in other 
f' places. It consists in a violent vomiting and 
f ' purging, of which the patient ^ies the second 
^' or third day, and may be termed the Indian 
'' plague, the contagion, properly so called^ 
^^ not being known in that partvof the world. 

^' l^hey writ* furfher th^t Mr. Fabricius had 
^' been s^nt for twice to 3adra$, ajud once to 
" Pullicat; at botli which pif^ces he preaclied 
^' several times, besides baplia^ing in ail fift^n 
<f phildren^ and at FulUcat live olttves instructed 

"^ atSddTM too be adaifoiiteWd^WW otflritq ^ iX 
<' the hotd^ Supper^ mA^ 6^^^&^ iif^f^nioik 
"^ ^iag and ^omin^;' hdd-MiteveWrt^^di ato li ff^ 
^ HHtfa theHeatbens. Helftiytid^ttliib Ittciitikiy 
^ to^ inSepFtembep to¥«MMii>wMlej3iA^ Irfrrf, 
^' they stationed the' cirticMsb'^l^MOifilii/i 4Atf, 
^' when he wad at MtatdiM 40WA^ llMl fiftift (^ 
^' Aagast^ expressed ' mulch -ci^ice^ost ^iiiijnng 
«' no pit^r place! to iS8^teUe'Ui^iCK0|MM0 
«' there lor divine senrieec^ilStMk^/i&rfM^^ 
^ instractin^i^ the people ntoA&ftkiiaif^JMSPre- 
^ presented the want of nucha piace^^tf^^at 
'' hindrance to htm in the woiie'^ Uie MMoit. 
'' Accordingly Mr. FabriciUs WiHitr-te^V^r^, 
'^ and on hie jonmey^ whf<^'ti^ MttfoHi^ €ays 
^^ in goin^ and as many in reCarnlngj'ba >dis« 
^ coursed the Heathens heife akid" there in public 
"^ ehoukries and other places. MMly heard 
<^%ith mneh attention what be deliif^tMd con- 
^ certiing the great f<^ and sin'OfiiddaCry^ tad 
''^' the isxcellency of the OhrislSan Rel^on. In 
'ff Gotetfipawk he met with a Piandshun^ Wh<^ re- 
^^ jeeted^ll Idol-worship, ai|d asked Mr. Fabri- 
^^ citis to bter him say the pTayfer which he 
^^vi^'^iy made to God. It was king, but 
^^'^fttfl^'of ^e choicest expressions of a cveatore 
^'^^'/lilte'^ honours and loves his Creator aboi^ all 
^^ ifliat^gs; afid who acknowledges bis own sin and 
^arti^l^e^/ 9(|r, -Fabricius was very much 



• • 

• t 


iu UmI «aoiiw.<wHh Ikl^m^^st^.oi his Jieart^ 
Inii(i9ft ta tlfie Redeemer of lo^aluiid who has 
BMi4e jMitiifacljon for our biq^ be^wimldnot 
M.c^ lieiD^: Melted by Q^d.^^ He likewise 
^* ]|iirit«d the Pu^Mwa: \» <^Jm atv|l see.hun 
^^ nX Madmsji and' 0d his retam o^quiced ^gaia 
<^^ jfor. hw^ but WM informed thitt he,waf a^nt 
T>hP «eiet dfty nflfer his arm^ at YeUoff, he 
W«it wilh Uwiioitechist intp th^ 8|^m^>^ y^here 
h# |iv«s jtMh hi# family ki a poor habitation^ 
'' «Qd where; he icarried Mr. F^briciu» to several 
^%]»pi9()Hj|S/ fm the most part .Pojijsh Clii:istiws^ 
'^ IWiNf ^ whoio ackqo.wlodged the trutti of 
^ -^FlftwtaWt faith. The place, tofj^ber 
iritfr ^ If hole c#u»try, belongs to the N^bob^ 
b^tithe £)i\|^ have a garrison there with a 
'' sf^ime^t o£ spldiers in it. ^he caiechist 
Ukewisr brought to Mr. Fabrifiw, some 
women, bf^pti^ed the yes^ before by Aft; 
'' Gw^K ^ndvsisuce mairried to soldierf j . toge* 
'' thfiF • with some other Christians^ pome , from 
''from Tiijulchinapally^ his own fami^y^: rvtnd 
'' bet eml pemons who hitd. be^i^ instnicte^t but 
'/ not yet chyistanedv. ]%. Fabri^jnf^ ^ot^ (hat 
'/.dajiv^nd the next, .which was Su^cjb^y^ jdis- 
^^ fxmwed th^ all on (he principal p^iiUspf re^ 
^f UgiOn, and pmyed with tfefiin. ^ )He,aft^ards 
'' e»suiF«limtP J*w^.pwticu^ 
y . eyery one, orders^ .tb«jC|UeciM»t to :be dj{j|geat 

• ■ 





in instructing those who were not b&^tS^ifed^ 
and g'ave him hopes that, God Witfhig', he 
might come a^in after January to examine 
^' and christen them . The commandhig' oftcer 
of the garrison. Colonel Lang, very kindly 
promised Mr. Fabricius that though he hadi 
^' no power to dispose of any public buildings 
'^ \n Vellore, as they were entirely Tn the poteea- 
'^ sioii of the Moors, he would take carfe'thaft the 
'^catechiglt should have slways a pr6pet^|>lafc(e7in 
'' Ae empty house of one of the abserit' officers, 
*^ ib.assemble the people for divine servic^. '*Mr.^ 
''"^^jabncius lijkcwise baptized the cat(^ttt'8 
'^^.child, and administered th<i sacrament to tfl^w 
persons. Several. pious soldierg, who faad'^n- 
' joyed the good instructions of ^Mr.' Siviirtz at 
Tinit'chinapally, caifte once or tWice duHng 
his stay at Vellore, and were exhorted by hira 
'^ to be faithful to God ^nd their Redeemer: aftd 
*' Colonel Lang, understanding that he ivaglh* . 
clined to preach ah English sermon; ordered a 
tent to be pitched on the parade, where he 
read prayers before the garrison, and preiaich^d 
" on Matt, iv, 5, 

'' The Missionaries write further thaf the 
^' printing of the Tamulian New Testament is 
'^ just finished; that, by means of some^bene- 

'' factions, with which the Divine Providence 

^ ...... 

^[ had favoured tliem in India, added to those 
^'' which tliey had received from Europe/ the 




yijiftifi;pff;^.^m>^y^^d )>^en fully auptplM ; 

iand tJM'Jt^a' pieiis ^^rtil^uese wopmn, who had 
*' fonii^ly^ foj. ^sy^ral. years, the inspection of 
Z.^^.f^Vh V^ ^\^^ tsc)ip)»ii and h^<it 9incQ married 
a^ Bngljsrh ^^ixtlemaa in .good circiiinstiini^es, 
, ^4^rjEijs|^ed t)ie;Ch^rch> among other things, 
^^^witb a«^e^^pulpU^. a silrer basoi) for the font, 
ani^^.^vei: ^\isf^ic(f^&fj[ tbe.siu^nunent : she bad 
lik^wifliii^ (without beijng solicited) coi^triji^Vted 
very kLirge}y tpyrards. casting. ^ new beli^ to re? 
^lace the old on^ \vhich was cracked ; aiui |jot 
painted in golden letters, on the wall over the 
cpmn^^pion -table, in. Portugue:^^ and Mala- 
bftr^ the text, come unto me, &c. Matt. xi. 28. 

^/' Jn ^^ let^^r of a prior date, after returning 
the So^iel^, tl^nks for their kind presents^ ^aU 
,ftf w^ifili v:^^ Cf^np to hand iii good condition, 
, t^ey reqnf^ a jfk^w screw and nut for a print* 
in^-prfnu, BSMi a few. othei^articles, which have 
^ ajGjqor^iPglj been «ent Ujem. And in another 
letter^ dated 38 Jan, 1773, they acknowledge 
the receipt of the 500 pagodas granted to the 
Society in Dec. 1771 by the Honourab](^ Ea^ 
India iComp^ny^ payable out of th^^r tro^ury 
at Fort St! G^rge^ which ^t the rale of 
'^78. lOd. per pagoda^ had <^ount^d to 1951. 

'' 16^. sd!,." ' \" ;' . ■ " ^-'V 

" TbQ Society haying signified their, desire, 
'^ tbat Mr. Gerickd would assist, Mr. Swartz aa 









•^ tf «. #» 


ttiticli is fi6 conkl^ cofifliitefidy ifkb Ihe itttiet 
of his own Mission, Messiewt HnttMian m4 
Gerick^ acquaint them, in a letter diled Slst 
Dec. 1772, that, agreeably to their reqttett, he 
had taken a journey to TirttteUflapelly in 
April preceding^, where he had stayed almost 
two months, while Mr. 8wart£ was testdent at 
Tanjore : in which time, as well as on the 
road, he had had freqnent opportanities of 
preaching the Gospel, which he had not been 
backward to improve. In the account which 
they give of their Mission^ they write that in 
the coniae lif the year there had been received 
into the TamnKm church twea*y-ohe adults, 18 
.il6fuwhom were convertedfrom Paganisiny^ffiid 
^^ and the Test from Popery. These p«isms Had 
'f 4iedn: daily instnicted for two^montiis bofli^^y 
'MM Missieimries and their.a^ehisb^ vbi^ hnip^* 
^ thfiiP' iabfinr. win not bam {leeii:; m . Viin. 
f.Jtfessieurs Hatteiiiaii and OevieMr bad Hhewisti 
5^ X^Kb^v^My convenationit wkli tlie Healkens^ 
''rran^ Jaid befsmr them the oeoedi^ ctfttfeiniinjf to 
^ H^t one true Gbd, ^hMiagkOfarist the Mly ftf e* 
^ diator between Godand man/ Thai didr Me« 
'^-eessdoeaxiotainswerlhek wishes and endea«- 
•'vonrs wfll be no wonder to those whorkabw 
their circamstancea: uhgotpported by atiy 6ut* 
wardriauthority and assistance, despised by the 
pxoud Heathens and Mohammedans, hated and 
cw««d by European infidds, an;! perfect 




' S/Tt»qHyrJ&toiiifttf« h r i ad^^^t: fMbiles' they riiusf 
tTa kfi^Ufffllrin^fi dte<^ge qfTjkheir mtnisbirial 
'%r{f\IMtip»^id»b8tec^-ui^ ivttch Ihey could 
^i^^k^mxiikp0&!S^i\o^ty3t the promises 

' ^at:gKfiiid:^e^^ufiiitMul^ 'Christ; 

^miiha^ ^ «)9i9/&efltore; the hitenml sup- 
«i*<irfe<rffetHfc»%Hrejl»tiirit* - ^^ 
lo^'sSRwontlH^ «9iBMrt4 'haii Hkewise l^en bap- 
%dlliQ^i^::^titte;w)lol6 inei^se of their con^ 
11o0tfiS*imt:)had. beAi oomvonly forty-three. 
'^j^TJmv .i^^oinmimicanta had beea comnKHlIy 
Csw^^^e, < Seflen couple had been married 4c^ 
? icftri&ikg Ao tkr rites of the church ; and up- 
f VcgidifOf forty dhildren had been taug^ht in the 
?i:T«niiriJM jehcM. They had Iftewise (as ap^ 
l^cjQpwrtiftAm ftrletler ef ct> prior date) established 
9qM Bhfliihi Jehool/ for the Earopcan children 
'.hitf lisB plM^ trhsch tkey propose to manage 
%l»^Mltll;A iMtoner, thai it may ndl be burden^ 
^mtUtM Out Society. Tht nnmber of scholars 
^igpiiottite^to'tiiirtyj acd two masters were ekn* 
^oyl(»)tad iOi tiMhh)^ them. From 9 to 10 on« 
^wt Ttfafer *lll£iBionaaries catechizes* the childs^n, 
%sted)iitBpeGfts tthe kbonrs of die masters; and 
V/:£K6fii:7'.toe8 hi the evening expounds the New 
^rT^fltement; ttt'/i^ch time many of the inha* 
^ bitantehare, liberty to attend. Habacnc's son^ 
^ Chriistian, they had 'appointed sclioolmaster at 
" Wandi^aleiam : Manoel,. his son-in-law, con- 



Umied at PuOdaiicaivam ; where ht^ keepi 
school in the raoming^ and in the aftenooii 
" goes from village to village^ and preaches the 
Go8pe}> or reads select parts ci the New Testa* 
meat and other religious bocdcs printed at Ma- 
" dras and Tranquebar ; and at the three great 
'' festivals calls the Christians' to Caddalore to 
" hear the word of God, and receive the sacra- 
" ment, A few days before the date of the Mis- 
'^ sionaries letter he had brought to them four 
'' catechumens^ The catechist Hubacuc visits 
'^ the Christians daily from house to house^ re- 
'^ peats with them the sermons they hear on Sun- 
days, enquires into their lives and conduct, and 
every night brings his account to the Mission- 
aries, who call those who live disorderly, and* 
admonish them in the spirit of meekness ; ii 
they continue refractory^ exclude thamfrom 
the sacrament ; and, if that doet aot reclaim 
them, separate them from the commuaioa of* 
the church. Rayapen, Isaac's soPj iiqproves* 
greatly, and is a faithful labourer in the Mala- 
'' bar school : his father likewise is a very useM 
man, andt by bringing up hb children so welli* 
has deserved greatly of the Missicm. 
*' In September Mr. Gerickd made a tour for' 
" two weeks into the country, as far as Tiruna^ 
mallur, seven leagues distant from Cuddalore, 
and daily conversed on religious subjects*, 
y Habacuc had taken the same journey in Janji- 









^ •My> particularly to vfelt tfce straggKng Chris- 

'^ tians m these parts. 

^' Goremor Palk of Colombo had made them 
a present of 500 palmeers, which were highly 
welcome to them, their Mission-houses being 

'^ greatly out of repair. 

The Society have r«cmed several letters 
from the Reverend Mr. Kierna^nder, and parti- 
cularly one, dated SI 9t O^c, 1772^ containing 


^' the chief circumstanQes of lus Mi^i^ign for that 
^ yea^^ during which he had, thrpugh the divine 

« . 

mercy, enjoyed perfect health ; ^d, though 
his asiit^tant^ tho Reverend Mf . B^ntQ 4e Sousa, 
*^ had for a considerable part of that time been 
'' aflSicted with sickness, he wag at length 
^^ thoroughly recovered, and performed his duty 
'.' wih dtl^^ee i(hd ebierltdn^. Di^ne ser« 
'^ vieflb'b<Mh i(r this Poiittig;lic^ and English eon- 

i^-grrgitiMi9'>%^tV^'^ of the 

<<'^iidmQli'la^))^ dmitin^ed in tlie manner spe- 

Childrqp iMPliMid wti^io \;^^' > * - « * %^ 2S 


In all - 41. 

This Obramnnicants had be^ in the Eng- 
congregation - - - - - 

J 6> 




And in the Portuguese - - - , r - lOfr 
of whom 9 had been ad(nitted for . UiQ first tiipe. 
8 couple hc^d been married^ ^nd ^ pejnons had 



'' 20 children entirely maintained by the tdwn 
'^ charity; 

" 5 Other boys entirely maintained ; 

*' 61 Out'scholars who receive ihstnicuon> 
'^ books, &c. gratis^ through Cfte favour 
^' of the Society ; '" 

*' 8 Out-scholars who pay fdr tlreif* education. 

94 In all. ' ^ . . ,^ . r ' ' 

» . • - 

'' Among the 7 adult ^onvertn^'ffomr Hea^ 
thenism mentioned aboye^ one wa» *.a wemail^ a 
native of Macas^r^ .a)K)ut SO years of aga^ if h0 
came from Chinsura^ and. stayed* at. Cakntta 
upwards of two. months to be instructed. Sh^ 

'' had an earnest and serious desire iLftfjr the 
knowledge of God and. her Redeenver. Jesus 
Christy and received instruction >vithr ^n\opea 
lieart/ testifying her gmtitude for the Divjne 
Mercy and goodness to\yards her, 3he,had 
been since married to a Putch gpentleman at 
Chinsura^ and gave great satisfaction to.^L by 
her Christian 4ike behaviour., j^c^hfir yij^ ^ 

^' young Mohammedan woman^ who..lwL'bee& 




*' sfncfe tname^ td a sdlcUer : tlTe r'eet were of 


*f tire Bengal cast. Among tbe 1 1 Homan Cettho- 
'* Iks who had been received into the Protestant 
Churchy the first was Mr. Francis Joseph Han- 
son, a Popish Missionary; of whom Mr. Kier- 
'* nander. had* before given a particular account/ 
^^ . and^of whom l» farther Writes thtft, havirtg en- 
gaged in the Company's service, his employer* 
expressed themselves well satisfied with him. 
'•; Another of these converts was a Portuguese 
woman, about 82 years of age, from Ghander-* 
nagore, who had been for a considerable timer 
^' an inhabitant of Calcutta, and wa^ married ttf 
an European carpenter. Her son ivas one of 
the out-scholarS;^ who liled to read at home iii 
an evening in the New Testament, froni 
<* <#henee by degrees she derived some know-* 
^ kdge, which, by tlie further of blessing of 
^ tjod, had brought her to a resolution of 
^' * renouncing the errors of Popery, and coming 
^ 'over to the Protestant chiirch. Another 
^^ was: a, Portugese man, an inhabitant like- 
'^ wise of Galcotta, who some time before had 
a desire to disengage himself from the Romish 
communion, but had been continually hindered 
by hU wife : but she being since dead, he had 
accomfilished his former design, and had 
brought over with him two daughters and a 
^ acta ; the IfCtter of whom is still one of the oat- 
^' ^holar94 Others were Poituguese women 

1 g 






mwkiet to mrotetenl hwlteiiicb ^ CSedgiitti : 
And an< No«i ^, beings tii« firrt Somfaly m AcT- 
vvtatv. ttie Rcmrenul Mf; IkbrMllino Joseph 
B^ntelbelb^ « Homish' Friesl^ pablk^ re« 
noiiac^r Popery, on iviiieh oceasioii arsevitiori 
m^ prMtdN^ by Mi\ Kiemandser IWs per* 
soA b«d b«» awiioeited about 4 yeas%bcfere, 
5' wbte IMDr. BesAo alfufed^ wife ii^iom ke had" 
^^ bad a. hng, aad intimateaciqiifusidiiice:, aadbad 
T^ since tbut time tecretijr cf>rMi|i0ndEd«idi ttoi; 
^^ and had read, the Bibte anil, otfaec f oodbhfiokr 
^ >nth which Mr. KtQmii»deirlittdiiinii9kedkb« ; 
^ till at Ittt his aearcb sfiei: tbe timtbt hki bceir 
^^ blestj. havdnig wcoughtinbima fioAh^aMictibit 
*^ of ihe esrors of the Roonflh cbnarch; alHlr sc Anit 
^^ r^solsbtion (which fae badaxScovdin^y exeotted^ 
^^.o£ fonaidng. her ooinnHittioBi; TheM'^were 
**; Irkewiw at Calcuttii oxm or two. mere piMts; 
^ who k wfis hoped^' iflTould gri^ jfriaite ta ttie 
^^ truth; 9Xkd nanyiotbcr pcisobi tof dtti «ine 
pe^aiuasion htiliiheiink a deoite -tit rcAdhtg' the 
'' Bible 4ii4 other PratettaMi: bosfts^ dmang* 
''whom Mr; KieoMmdef hadti<»x>££h^Ma^ 
^'^^ bntgd iffl he hadi'te spasiQ^ tndr bad irirtftmi to» 
^ ilbdnisr aftd Thm^^^Mfaiff te at fresk inid ittrgef 
*^ sapply, and bem^ in gfreafc want «f Ckanunoifr 
/^ Prayer books for tbe 'ese of the sciboi/ as weft 
^f te of tlee Eaglisk ccoDi^^^atiDir, be. bsegs- the 
Sodlety woidd frvoor Urn a giMttr q^iisility 



•y ' 




/' readily comptted, , .. . 

. '' The^et. Mr.Si^«Mzy4n«lMltefiiit«d 

t JitaiQ ipodiiess 4n ^^esteving lum god hi8 fel- 
JoniKkj^iiliiu^ ift 4Mitemble Imiltt) Md stren^h^ 
jBjwypSgfB the Socictty ttet to the 6 tatecbisls 
mentinaed in fan lasA, two tii#re had be^ add- 
it4 vk. SattianaAen^ i. <e. pMsimor 0f ahe 
tntfh, ^ Abiaegankdm^ i. e. Cbriatian. 
Tbaae tno yonng nmn, ^ho ue df tbe higho^t 
Cast» iia^raved ao retaarkaUy in fcni^wlailge und 
jpi^ty, tli0^ Mr, Smurta oQoeeiiDad gmal hopes 
.of tboir baooiUQg meiiil m niitmtiixg theh: 
bipetlq^n^ «id tfa^ir cantininsd tehoviaur had 
9tiiei)gtbeMd his ^goad opiaion of iheanr. Hia 
ComregiHlioii had reoeured aa addiiiott cif 70 
panami,. who wete'^artly Gantilaa, «nd partly 
'' Rmnui OuhdicB: caro had baen Ihkan to 
^' jgrDVDdtheoi wtil in:the principle ^of the (^rb* 
teatttit^th> gRd th^ ted baefi ftequeMly ad« 
joonishiBd -to pmotiae what ifa^ ^had learnt ; 
'' aod 4h«i« ytBit 90Sm of lisMb lAo had tvi« 
'' denoaa tha^iflcifity df 4h^ir lailh xxtn tfi dif- 
'' iiciiittriKfe. Tbefiiiglkh scliMl tra» kefA up 
*^Mn t|»e «utte manneirttiMrCwidrtz lAd men* 
^' ,tiond in ;hift tet The number of ebOdreti 
/'.aiDonnled1o4d, d0t0f whena \?^fe miuntaitied 
^^ byAa,|gwnate: MiiieofthechMrctofaadbeeti 






/' disqAtt^ed fxxm ti|e TainiiUair schools «» th^t 
only 20-were tlienimtrwGted in it . . /* 

In tt)e oouise of . thi^ y ear . he had ley^ 
tijroes visitfMl T^njofe, in order to fitiengthen 
tl^e cpDgi:egfttion> and to try M^hethpr; by fir^^ 
qu^ntly pr^Lcbiag th^ wqrd ia tbatp(^tukv» 
city^ $Q|ne in»prea9ion might be mad^ on tb^ 
mlLabiti^iit3. For Uu9 purpose be took with 
him three of hi^ xratechwts^ \idio went .i^jMii^ * 
^Upift mombig and. ewE»ing, Jigring b^ort 
them the glorious trnthaof the Qoipej^and m« 

^' viting. them to the obedience . of i^tb^ Mi". 
Swartz had several conversatioos vith th6 
king about. religion, wbo« on.the second cjay 
after bis arrival, being informed. that he waa 
explaining the .doctruiea of Christian]tyto/)iti^ 
officers, desired to hear, hiia hims^f ; but Mr. 

*' Swail2 had hardly spu^en a few words when 

the great Braminey (as they, call him) came inV 

before whom the ^iei|^.prestrate4 h|jnaflf to:thb . 

, ground, end afterYvard stood before him with > 

bis hands folded, while the other placed bim^^ 

^If on, an eleyatj^ a^t (le.niade sigasvto 

f' My. iSw;artz to t^k to tfeci pioud Bfaq^infy,. 

f who be^rd aUwUb«e^n|jattentwp,h»^ 

out eny r^ply. ; A^W. this, thg fciug pijkeA 

jeveral ques^onj concerning repentifiice, . and 

desired j[r.vSyvajftz to^marry a couple pf Cteyr 



■ I ■ 


* 9 





'' •0Ai«|)eatr; V (^ ^Rnfore; fHe bride 

^ the daughter <# «Klflle^€5aptain bom- of Eu- 
*'^Ope<n- ^rehtfi/- We readily consented and 
*''^peiferm6d^the ceremony hi ^s goledin a manner 
.*'*iii*po8«iWc.-- They begftn wtthan hymn, after 
''^ HtWdi.^Mr; ^ Swart* pri^ached a sermon on a 
'^saitAfetubj^ct/condudirig' vrkh a pray» and 
iifbthef - hymii. The iwhole was done m the 
Malabait- fofig^jiage; and the king, together 
wiflf a^^reU'mttny^^etiple, seemed pleased with 
^hat^tiiey- had heard; biit the Bramineys* 
^' looked bpoir -it aa a dangerous innovation. 

• '^ As Mr. Swartz does not want 8 catechists at 
'^ Tinrtcftitiapiany, he intended to settle some in 
'^ the" country. For that purpose he visited 
!W%Uiim, (S fori lately taken by the Nabob 
from (he kmg of Tanjore) and intreated the " 
commanding officer. Major Vaughan, to allot 
hirti a piroper spot, whi6h he very wiHmgly did ; 
^' a\id"Mr. Swartz intended ^^horfly to return to 
^^ WaHam,' and regulate every thing as well as he 

^-^'coy*, ^ •. - 

'^^ Iff knotfier letter Aited Tranqtiebar, 4th 
'^'Peb.'ltTS; ho repeats toe profession of his 
*' ^gratilful ^ense'of the Divine goodness towards 
^ Mm «ntf IrJs fellonv-Hibourers, iti preserving 
" thert^ in hedth, and' the more, as there had 
«* beeti atfd «till WcE an epidemical disorder at 
»^''l^tfutcfimapa!fy, whtcti hadswt^t away above a 

'^ proceeds to acquaint the Society tliat> tlnrin^ 
^ ills stay at Tairjofe in fie immIM -af Octoii^ 
|tfeee4ing3 b^ had' t^&d ^tbandint epportmity 
of convefsing i^ilh amaU aisA greA about tin 
way that lea^eth to everkstia^ sahation. He 
^' experienced ltoi/^ev<ef at tiie taaie tine aome 
oppesilien : for oM mottling as ho wu ^ic^ 
pku\<9lrina9<of Ohrittiamty toa nam* 
ber of pe«^> a oAMM or JuslioB af jitai^ 
aent for hioi, and- tdd ttin lie ^hauUL nDt|>rieacii 
80 publicly unities be could ahowaaiorcbr$rom 
the kingv Mr. Swaits ask^ tiieaficM! if he 
bad any oider on hia part to interfupt.*bitti ia 
hifi bwinew^ wbicb he carried m in'theapint 
of aieekaefM, without x^ausiag any diakufbaiice. 
He answered no : but neither have ycwg «ud 
be^ any aathoffty to preach so pubiicklf . On^ 
^' of the Bramiaeys' was present, who^ w Vtt^ 
Swartz 6iippQ#eB^ bqd stirred the oflkser up ta 
that opposition. .-...' 

From Tanjore, according to iiia itttention 
^^ signi&edin his foiweriailer, bewentto Wal^ 
laqi/ and;i .as Jbe. 9Ei.w<A.&ijr opportiuiiity of 
preaching the Gospel in that plaoe^ *lie deter- 
mined to .station a cstaehist there: andu n4>w and 
then to visit tbe peopte. himsetf!. Atcevdhigly 
they had began tQ build a miatt housej or ra- 
f' ther hall^ /ac..fubii<;;WUHhip;6e9eniL^|^^ 








^ r 



'' im Ike cionBoon time ^smat p^^pit^iiefmxti, 
'' Ccdleroon, amounting to a]K>at Ml, urilli Ikeir 
""' chBdoMv ^dMired to 1>e iostri^ TiiGSB*Mr 
^ lSfMrte> TisittsO himMfl^ and, Simimg tke keft 
*' part of titt village incliMd to edibfice Orifr- 
^' iomitjr, he had left t^nio otteishistB theci^ knd 
*^^ ordered euery tUiif^ for ihe bttfldini^ of a Mnail 
church, «{^rOinnfng 4o tetura la tlHeni veiyaaon. 
JPaMi Ihanae ke vmA to Tntaf|aebar, to MgiH 
aate aoae affairs rdfttjug lx> hh eacigwga- 
tioa : andilie day ioUowmg the date «(f his let- 
" ter intended dettin)^ cmt for the akeve men- 
'^ tkeaed |daee, trhidlBi is about £0 mMes from 
^' Tiinrtbbinap8%. The esjpencn of aasryin^ 
^^' im evecy thiog docently ciaes h%lier. and 
^' hiigtier ; he humbly hopes lioiPeTer that "a 
^ imerdftilr God will supply all things that are 
^ .necdftih laar baa hiSiArast proved to be vain in 
*' the Ijcnrd ; one of the Sooaely's members (the 
'^ Arvdrcnd Mr. Thomte^ of Blackfaeath) havings 
«' paidiitto thtk hao^ ^£^00 to be remitted to 
*' Mr. Swbrta towarda the support of himself and 
^' bis catechisls. 

'f Hb concludes with admoi^edging the re^ 
^' ceiptof ibeatoneaaud^pceaants^andparticniat* 
¥jy the benafad;ioos : canceming Mr. Arch- 
flaacon . Congresoe's scheme^ (see the Account 
publbhed 1772) he designs to set about it as 

# » • 

7 The Taxmilian coi^^gaiAn iM4 bton io<liiWP«* 
^' with Ckildron - .- i. ^ - k fi • f^6fr 
J, " Heathens - - -,. - -. - ,^ ;.t W 
. '' And Papietft - • - - - *:.-.-. S 
f The coantry •coi^^qg^iAioap jiiu^^ t* -x; ^ , 

''Children - ^ \y^^y^1 

. ''Heathens .• - • - •». -r - • S8 

" And Papists . •. - - r .-'•.-?■- y^i 

" Tile munbcv of timr qoawawBiffHii^ >"MIW^<wl 

. " to 1S77. ^ . ;.,..:.. .. • , ■• 

" Tlieie were ta^gbitn (be«Pgrti|g«etfi«iQl|a9l»; 

*' Boys - ' - ^ - . - - - - .T i :37 

«. Girle - - r - • - .- -. -,.-,-... .-SI 

" In (he T«iiuili»n town scboolpt h^ ^ . . .86 

'' Al^ m the four 4Hi«iiitjry.fich«9l».filUUr0iivr<4§ 

" TbeyhadliMtt^Qaf thfir€oi«siiiy:lilKMif^ 

the old Hi^naiken^ catechiat ia Avm^tavgi, 

'who died euddenly^ imniQdialel^v After haidn^ 

prettied ta his congregation; pui4^ hkibiMlher 

Schinnappen>>cateehistin Cmatigawupi. • I'be 

^' place of the latter ima nh^eady filled vp^ ^iit 

they were still kx)kiiig out for a proper pewm 

io sapply ^^of^amit^n.; Has widQ»v4bej 

have appoiutjed to teaph tine calechiw i«>(i(^«e 

villages near the town* , . . . ^ , ' 

'f In the mon^h of January 1 77S twoof the Mis- 

" sionaries, Mr. Klein^^and Mr< KMn%^.toeka 

^' joHili^jr. tip Neg^qfiatnain ; , and.AW4if qtb^rs^ «]Vf r. 





'"^twnilh cf September following^ tapreack and* 
'^ adMoiatfti ttie ^i«iii«nt to some Genrtns^ 
^' tafi whiclt tneaitt^ some Heathtio^ and Moham- 
'<^ nmhuia had an afip(»tanil]r ef hMMgihe word 
'*- of salvation. 

^ The Socktji^ have likewise Immh &voufed 
'f" with two fettem fronv- tlie Reverend Mr, Pto-' 
'f 'ftaiKNr Fvtyftfi^haiiseii, in the flfst of which; 
"^ dated 37«b inly I172r, he writer that tbroogh* 
^' tie AMae BLeMia^ he had at length fiaood out 
'^ a youf^ BMrij endaed not only with a Sincere* 
'^ and anfeigned piet; towarck God, but with 
«>t:aac& a nwaaafe of ^facretion^And teaming ad 
*^ la^htqaaHfy Ima &r the due discharge of the 
«f rofise oi ft Missioiiai^. Hia name waa iohii' 
^ Onntliiaii Dinier, a native of^ Ahiatia, who* 
'f atfiail^Qdiiddivittily^forsome yeaisat; Stias- 
«^ barg, from whence ha vemcwadito UflAe; 
^' wbere^ besides pursuing his ^ theok^cal 
^ alsAie^/i' ha had. been emfd^^id aa> a teacher 
^ ^sd Mi^feiatK ia the Otophaa-iSwaft Mr: 
'^ Fiqpliiigbausea wubea bo coidd have 'fbmid 
"^ aiwtbaa whoai ho eoald; hava mcomfiMiided 
r' t» «he Saaiet]^ ; biity faitfiog at y0t baeti 
'^ sMa- f» ]»»fid# aiili)P oiioy ba sobndtted- it 
"T tfi thaai^ (and thajr bprni heraia canmimi^mth 
^ him} la land tbia panUM aa a cflOeaga^ to 
% My. Kiannsdo*^ whose age and infinratiea 
'' more urgently call £dc aa aanatant^ Mrihcm he 
'' may train up in the duties of the Mission 

•• -. 



n^faich^ it is to be feared^ Irotili Idw grafindC if 
^ tbere^wwe ttonecmihand ta take that bftrthcR 
*' wpon upim .kim in case of Mr; Kiernaaiter'g 
^' deatli *. whereas Mr. Swaitit is hath yotmg^ 
'^ and furnialiad ^kh aeveiBl aMe: fellow4a- 
^ bourers from' aaiong^ i\\% natives. . 

^' The purport of Mr. Preyfaig^haiisen^ sub- 
^ sequent lettery dated S7th ^v. 1773; mus to 
'^ introduce Mr. Diemer lo4he^8oefet!jr> to whom 
^ he was accerding^ty presented on the t}ie7tb of 
'' December; and the Reverend Mr. -BourdiBbn^ 
^ who^ being then iff the cbair^ tras desired- to 
^' fake upon him fhat'Oflkey d^vered tahiih^the 
" instructions of the boardin a Latin oration^ a 

copy of whidi they think tibiAiselVes happy in 

being able- to oomniunfcate to'tbeii^.meniliiers 
'fbadtathe publie, -through tiie^ihdulgence of 
^^ that ^ntleman who has liittdly f»roured them 
*'.with it>at their-reqwA. . - ' — 

^' iyiDUIJM4ttuma, chktMmefiM 
^ temere adgretfiertdhai> imeis.yeMlfis, ad lie d^rt 
^ ivaneiaBdu& i»te noster ecBtus. €hAiti^8e3i8et^ 
^ 4ali«s ^ mundt lospitotons evEngriiuiir; "t^i 
*' barbfuras gentes^ ignorantiee tenebris obvottttbs; 

<^ f<Bda^ dedLcas idol^lMrittyW^ 

^ aanuntiandi ac propagandi^ ccelestis regnr 
^ftpoftatiUia apeiiendi)^ aioimasqiiar d> nvfti^e hd 
v^t^^itittem^ a peccat6 ad sanctinniiuam; ' a 
^ morte ad Tttam adduireifdi. ." ^* 

i*< ... 




!r..^t^4>fijg^iKnn ibgyKim te oabcf^ bigtis cAcif 

• .I^iM^-.J^^jyijiigimuse^ sociw, de isto coetu 
'.^P^troilmi iinpeaiB^ meriluf^ portquam totum 
'VAt;^ IVi j^pniBe, ^i$iiMi)tii)ue honiiDiiia mftture con- 
'^ «eciasti^ poatqiii|9i; Divinee Pro¥i4enti8s quasi 
'^mii?K:jttW.*r f^^ expertvs^rfifdvum 

^5 ^.;io#, iitqni^,wc«bv»€». penr^re tibi dftlum 
'' i»«rij^ (qpofj^JL^Wtyvk ti]^ omnet ex aaimo ad- 
^' pf ec^s^uif)) ;Qi^ de; te . iu>bi» iioa ^lat deiiH)epd 
'' ^)^f^dii|9?), J*c^ jtWl igitof te, iiwtwmr, 
'i t qw^A W^^4^ ^ 0ii4einw vorpuftiMe. Salinas 

*^ .pi:ecibua» IPOfWtimti denwn corpiudiia fide^t^te: 
^' Tuas. in. nmnw causa est De^ cai^a CJwsti 
'!" coiiccfidjia^ peidilie ^af<)8 »d ijybw iSbi syne 
'^ revocandse. Demonic ^kana^diciiaoda.> \My^ 
" steria ccelorum^ mandata divina, preonissa per 
v.rq9an^slU#9iftJ^^[^^ ja^ LCOtttnina* 



» c 


meras.:qi|i^e tibiai^gcnduaMst.: TsetrnM^"^ 
quamj, r^eo^Uopia qp^ fnwttei^tdiiljMftir^ 

Ne«tW(» ^tsm, aiifdamy'jribiMift^diffidle 

'f done constanter jactatus^ fost tri9f dfunui^ li«bd«ii^adas 
'^ Uamburgo Londiaum appulit." 

^^ Mimtaiiam«iiiaiTaii dMOOSdoH. fhiak^ tibi 
'^ pai^ata prapitii iiuisiau aioiii^^ ivkaaspucilias 
'^ ^Hdia^ -pnsnM imtufSbt, ad quinwa dwgni^ 
' (iidinMi^ iMnlefli tri9«r«» gveiMi» cwmfimwe, 
'' tvUif) ndn tMtaM titt^ 9ilul nott. pttfi^tre 
'< tkebit. Ntqitt diaimt tibi aaeqipla mmis 
^"^ g;eneris,Mfmi»ielftli(, tBOiwuaoniTtfnw iiJMttia^ 
^"^ tarn apostekram^ %\xm qui loos «t m poitenai 
'^ illcnrttm v€«tigia pieaittniiilf,. ywww i^ vicltttes 
'^ imiUuidaft kiiieftBeiitar tooabeitlt 

'^Imo cdUegam* nmim et Chmtkn* ittkif 
'* militias peritMftimttui^ diutapnm deftiqctaBi h- 
^ iKuibus, ae pcme fracliuiiy anima tanwa admc 
''^ riacri ac erecto^ longaque finaato ta^ieriaatifl, 
^ in quo miei^, glonaCur ciBtw aotter, at auUi^ 
'f eum laudibuB parea non axifttttaet, Deoqpie 
^ tota corde henadieat^ quod taia iniignaai sui 
fv nrvaai^ tam rebgicnia araantea^, t^ua ya woaa 
^ prffidiiaoi indole^ coauaadase n<^M volaarit 
** Hanc ta, taoqaam parentondiligito, taatpiam 
'' doGtori aascalt^Oy tanqaam amnplar con- 
^ spicito. Utinam adeft lub illo pnifloi^ at non 
^ adtin^e modo, sted et iliam supanpre cialitiit 
^ tibidelur! 

'' A te expectat ccetus nosier^ ut mem baga9 
^ seculi negotiis^ quantum pbtoris^ ta oou im- 

plices^ aut immisceas, nee e Iloniaiia eeele&ia 


<^ * Johannes Zacliarlas Kiernander, qui ad mipigt^iuia 
« Evangelicum in India exercendum jam j^ Anno 1740 
" TQcatvu fttit." 


'^Bd.{»»Mi^ SoeiMrtiBiitiw adrnttas tnniiteria ; 
'^' 4tcd^t6t!m ^ in do€triiiA pra^iminda «tqne ex- 
"''^pononda^ in pronnDiretido Ttrfatis eftudio^ in oon- 
^'*«^ndi6 affiictie^ in visitandis ffigretis^ in ignaria 
^ istndiendis^ in iialvandis «mniabii8^ quas benign 
^ ^'mmmM ille Obrifttufi nostet rao redemit 
'^^sanguine.- Mte ad kmkmes, aKas ad divitias 
^:2iotiu&qaaiiii adiqppimre, quim qncB tiU supernia 
^ in maMionibas asservantur. Mcidestiani 
fef rari ad)«iifa8, pnidentiam k\o, utbamta- 
tern forthadini^ candidia m^bm pacen ac 
*** cbaritatem: quanlHi ope acceptus aniTetsis, 
dilectM que awUfts^ ac CbriatiaiMfe diBci|rfinse 
''^ nm tnediocri evadas oniamenlo. Miti ac 
^ patienti animo gentes addaeito ad vei^bnm fidei 
•^ andiendnm atqne atnpleetendum : ut in oriente 
'^ iUo 8olem oriri jnstitis iri#eant^ cujus ad radios 
apifftufidi exnltantes Istkia^ a innestis animarum 
morbis sanentnr penittw ac restiMLantmr. ' 
*' Bf eviter, totis in ilktd dtebus, totis riribud 
''^ ac conatibns intendito^ conscitotiam ut serves 
'^ cotam Deo^ coram hominibus puram ac sine 
** labc; tremendi illitis judicii memor, libl pro 
'' supremo tribunali^ adstante unirersa homimim 
^' multitudine^ resonante tuba, observantibus An-» 
gelis, idem ille tuus, cui serviisti, magister 
stabit in excelso judex, ultimam que tibi pro* 
nuntiabit sententiam: quae ut nobis omnibua 



^ itieffiibilis pkna sit solaiii^ seteitiae que fedfitatis 
'^ firmamentum calidissimis votis comprecamur. 
Qaid nunc superest^ vir rairerefid#^ v^m- vl 
tuam ad Indos Missionem^ in nomine domini 
nostri Jesu Christie adprobemus atque confirine- 
'^ mus^ ratam ut illam hkbeat enixe obsecrantes. 
f' Socias nunc tilH manus porrigiRiu&, tequo bene- 
*^ volo affeclu cordicitus amplectimur. 

De nostro c<»tu^ suam qui tibi tutebm poK 
licetur, omnia sincer i amoris c^cia, omnia 
'^ fmterns Gonjunctionis adjumenta^ quantum 
quidem in nobis erunt^ tibi alacriter commisso 
munere fungenti^ sperare licet^ precibus-que 
^' coelum fatigabimus ardentissimis^ prospexam 
tibi per maria profectionem^ securumque ad 
BengaUam appulsum concedat. Te remotis 
'' in iliis oris diutissime incolumem senret^ qcelesti 
'' donet gratia^ omnipotent brachio tueatur^piis 
^ tuis^ apud gentes coUoquiis, laboribus ae con- 
'^ siliis nuHo non adspiret tempore^ multo successa 
*^ unimam tuam erigat ac soletur. Ut taqdem^ 
triumphanti cum eccleaia^ corona redimitus 
glorise, patri Creatori, filio Redemptori, Spiritui 
Arrhaboni kudes nunquam desiturcMi /celebras 
'' beatissipius. 

\ t 

■' ,-> 

• .* 




*' DtAR h BOTHER^ 


YOU recJeive through mi from this tenera-^ 
" We board your appointment to an arduous task, 
" and such as ougiit by no means to be rashly 
" entered upon* that; I mean, of preaching 
" and propagating the Gospel of crur Savioui' 
" Christ among barbarous natidns, overspread 
with the darkness WF ignorance, given up td 
abominable idolatry, and alienated from tbd 
true God; of opening to them the dobrs of th6 
kingdom of Heaven, and of bringing tbeni 
from errcn: to truth, from sin unto holiness, and 
from dM^h unto lifei 

'^ But since the celebrated and picms Dr» 
Freylihghausen, a member to whom this So- 
dety is so deeply indebted, has prronounced 
you Worthy of this h%h office ; sirTce you havd 
with mature resolution devoted yourself wholly 
Ip the glory of God pmd the sadvation of man^ 
since you owe your safe arrival in England to 
an almost miraeulous interposition of Provi^ 
deneef ; (whieh we heiirtily widi may be t& 

** * He had a lotigf stormy^ arid very dangeioai 
^ tf llitte weeb from Hsmbiirgix to Loudon/' 






yen an omen of his future aissistance and pro* 
tection) what may we not henceforth expect 
from yoy-? We ?te jiot thwefotc 50 vmch tab- 
hort you as rejoice at your call ; being well 
assured that you will take upon you with a 
willing mind the sacred ministry which is com- 
mitted to. yon, willei»«ti« it wWi iwwfaried 

s^ »id w^^fiil dtttge&ee, wiU Btiwsn^iiiifa it 

hy jccHitinnqJ pi^yar» antl wtU porsercw in it 
'^ with unsbek^n^ fiddity. into y»ur imaitk^ h 
^^ committed tbe iteiMei>f .€k)dm3ilof.(%ri8t: jon 
^ are to brin|r back to iiimltue'8liQ(^4bsi|«BelMt, 
^' to p«ll down the altars of %^ dmil toff»&ld 
^ the mysteries of the kingdttm. oi ^Simstxt, i^ 
^' make ktiown liie dirine eoDOinttnds^ ^togotbet 
*' with those glorious promtfias and IlioaeilifMtien- 

in^s which are annexed to tih^m, ida^ to <en^ 
'^ crease the number of the faHhiM ; in a word; 

you are diligently to set forth the whole work of 


^^ Do not }iowever be cast donm «t Hie eiteri- 
^ sivenQsa, the diftcttlti«s of this miaiatey: yod 
*^ haye^t hand the asaislanoe fif agmcioTis God, 
*^ the inward.c<Hnfort£ of dM Holy &jffnL, and 
'^ the prospect of m jaewBrd^ Aha , gmatam df 
^"^^hich. may well maae «rtl naiaMto fyioii, 
^^ strengthen your gomgs^andannajirqge^Mi^icA 

only to attempt every thing^^but to persevere 

till you aocomplH^ it, .Nor «e there mating 
y illustrious exttsipjaa^ to 4be imkirtimi^'MMcft 



* m 





•-jou wiU continually be . caU«cl, . exajoiplea <^ 
" every kind, of every ag^e, and in every place, 
'' as well of the.apostles^ as those who have since 
trod in their steps. You have in particular a 
colleague * well skilled in that Christian war- 
*' fare, almost worn out with his continual la- 
'' hours, yet still of a chearful and courageous. 
**' mind, strengthened by long experience; in 
whom this Society highly glory, accounting 
him worthy of every commendation, and 
pratding God for liaving been pleased to lend 
them such a servant of his, so great at friend 
to religion, and of such a generous disposition* 
'' See dierefbre that you love him as a father,^ 
^' listen tahim dd a teacher, look up to him as aa 
^ examplle : and God grant that you may so pro-.. 
^' fit under him as not only to come up with, but 
'f even to surpass him. 

*' This Society expects from you that you will 
^ not' be too hasty and incautious in admitting 
^ proselytes from the Church of Rome to th^ 
*^ public service ^of the Mission ; and that yp^ 
''* will entangle yoAi^elf as little as possible >Yith 
" the affairs of tliis world ; but that you will gjvQ 
*'' )(0Ur8elf wholly to preach and explain the wor4^ 
^ to promote the study of virtue,^ to comfort ihQ 

^ called to the pfeachingof the^Goqiel in India^AB. JMua^ 

.«i7*0!'i ... . .; 




f' afflicted, to *eisit the sick^ to savt tliose 'Boul^ 
f' \yhich our most merciful Redeemer hath pur** 
f^ chased with his blood, Aspire not to any 
other l^onpurg, to any other riches than those 
^ >vhich are laid up in Heayei^ for you. Joii^ 
*^ to fervour moderation, to zeal prudence, tt. 
'^ courage meekness, to candour peace and char 
^' rity ; that you may hereby endear yourself tQ 
*' all men, and become no little ornament to the 

^ -. ■ ■ 1 

the doctrine of Christ. Endeavour by a gentle 
and patient mind to lead the Gentiles to hear 
and embrace the v^^ord of ftiith; that those 
eastern nations may behold the Sun of righteous- 
ness in their horizon, at the brightness of whose 
'^ rising they may rejoice wjth spiritual joy, and 
'i^' may be tlioroughly restored from the fatal dis? 
**'' orders of their souls. 

'^ In a word^ exercise yourself daily with all 
^*"your Plight to preserve a conscience pure and, 
^' void of offence towards Gqd and towards men. 
f remembering that dreadful judgment when the 
f^ whole human race shall appear before the su- 
^ preme tribun^, and, whilst the trumpet shall 
*^ sound and angels stand by ^ spectators, that 
•• Master whom you have served shall be exalte^ 
f^ adjudge, and pronounce his final sentence uporj 
^ you : which, we most fervently pray may be 
^ to all of us full of unspeakable comfort, an^ the 
f basis of our eternal happiness. . 

What now remains. Reverend Brother^ but 








1'tlt^tia -the-name of our Lord. J^sus Gbrisl-we 
*[ ccuifirm your Mission to the Indies^ most ear* 
', Ji^tly beBeeching him to ratify it. We now 
iJioW forth to you the right hand of fellowship/ 
^l and embrace you with a cordial affection. 
.^/' Prom this Society, which promises you her 
i^ patronage, you may expect all the tokens of a. 
^/.sincere affection, all the assistances of brotherly 
unioo^ as&r as Hes in our power, so long as you 
cheerfully discharge the office committed to your 
trust. And we will incessantly offer up our. 
most ardent prayers to God that he wouild grant 
you a prosperous voyage and a safe arrival at 
Bengal, that he would long preserve you. in 
^' those remote regions, would endue you with his 
heavenly grace, and defend you with his aL* 
mighty arm ; that he would at aU times prosper 
'^ your pious conversations with the Heathens^ 
<' and all your labours and undertakings ; that he 
'^ would encourage and comfort your soul with* 
*f much success, and at length would grant that^' 
'' together with the church triumphant, supreme^ 
*^ ly blest, and decked with the crown of glory, 
f' you may tothe Father who created us^ to the Sob 
^ who redeemed us, to the Holy Ghost wha was 
ff the earnest of our inheritonce^ sing endless 
/' praises to all eternity/' / . i 

Iq the account subjoined to the S^prt of 
1775 ; the letters from Maflras state the appre^ 
bf^nsion (bey bad be^n under of iayasion from the 


Mfihmttm ludar Raganai Row> wbicli hoif«vei^ 
h^ not takea plaice, WUh regard to» the effect* 
P^^diiced by tlieip disqoiu;s6$ the MJaakmaFier ab« 
serve thai '' U?ey, must iiklaed coDtett tbetngdver 
for t^ most paxt if they aee that the Heatben* 
ge(Bom« GODviGtion o£ the truth arid eseelleircy 
'^ qf^ the ChFJStian Religion, and either freely 
^' e<mfefia it with their mouths^ or show i* by 
'' their attention and outward tdcen^ of esteem 
^.' and respect Of this they have frequeirt in- 
^ stances. Ooe of them styled the Missionary 
*' his father, and himsetf his sob : another em-* 
^ Itraued him in hisrairms: some of the Heathens 
^^ pfosnise ta come and) conveFse fur&ear on the 
suBhject of Fcdiigion, though they sddom ktep 
' thdir wordi Spme pubUcly appkud'ihe doc^ 
'^ trines wfaach* aare* dsbv^ed te them, and ex^ 
jpres^. t(> each other the plea^nre which they 
rff^eive from theiQ> and others beg the Mala-' 
har letter toXhe people of that country^ printed 
ikt Madrasi. Isycrease to the Misfiiott>as ioUevrs : 

:!:Tothe,TamuIiancongregaftiaii - - 10» 

'^'Portuguese * - • ^ . 13 

5f Children christeaed. « •% Sfr 



''And it is with pleasure they can say tha thdr 
*l church begin to be too nanww, for the con-* 

• • ■ • • ♦ 





^ gre^otiaft : IS coHpU had beefir numed^ »i4 
'' 33 had diedu 

^'^ The gfeat encveade o£ their flock they at« 
^^ tribute ift sQHU) measure to the soaroity: of jkro* 
^. TUft^^^. and the readiness of the Mianoixtfies 
^' to lend a«lii9tftQce as &jr as possible, and to 
^ pf oeiur^ empleyHieut for the indi^eY^i wfakk 
'^ ba» induoed iAa»y to Gome and to desire totbe 
^ kis4nieted nor did they oboose to reject thftm; 
aa God frequeidiy make» calamity the anetiai 
of softening thd hewts of t^ icfaildrenr of laen; 
and. bringiaif^ them t& repontanee/^ 
The Rev. Messieaira Hutteman miA.GtmSkk; 
in l6tter» from Cuddalofe,. ^aka.^f a-gyeat 
drought whkh had prevailed, and lament biM^ly 
'^ the aboraumble ceremonies ta whioh tbagr are 
^ forced from time to time to be inteeMOs.** 
They mention the foHowing iofitattce^ ^ . iitihe 
^^ month of December preaedmg^ the dvte of 
their letter, dieHeathdfna ma^ a day^figure 
of a prostitute^ gliviag out that the'godiof 
rain waa^soenamcnired with a certain conctttait 
''that he had quite forgot hiaoffic& l%iif figure 
^' they cadnded- through the Btreetfiip loading it 
'^ with the mostdjreadfiil impneotions in order atf 
^ they thought; to rouse the god of nria fioitf 
^' hi& uBOursi and to remmd htm of his duty: 
'' The MissioDafies tten give an aceonnt «f the 
eucreaiBe of their Mission by 54r adai| MbadKUs ; 
ywtiiuUirly^ nleiUk»UDl; a.maitof. the nsmd of 




*^ Pammanandcn^ who had been a notortou9 tivit 
Jivcr, but entirely left his bad courses. 

Thirty -six Papists had been received into 
•' the Protestant communion. Nothing the Mis- 
',*; si(maries write can be more deplorable than the 
*f gtate of the Romish Church in India. What 
%o\A Sayiour says of the Pharisees going about 
^; to make proselytes and rendering them two^ 
f' fold more the children of Hell, may in gen^Bl 
^ be uppHcd to those Gentries who are con- 
^' wrted to Popery. Most of them are worse 
^/ than th^ Heathens ; their ignorance is beyond 
^<^4M<^ipfHA^:AAd their senseless dependence on 
'^ a .mere 0pii8 operatum renders them proof 
^f Qgainst conviction. At the same time their 
'5:piieste and catechists lord it over them wth 
'' the most arbitary tyranny. When addressed 
^/fby. ibe Missionaries they usually object, why 
'!:8Ho«ld we come to your church ? You neither 
light . candles, nor have you any images : you 
niake no shows, but only preach and pray. 
When we go to our church we are amused by 
*' the pageantry ; but yours looks duU and affords 
'1 no delight . to the senses. If we come to you 
^f we must hear daily your instructions, whereas 
with us it is enough if we receive a rosary and 
ao iinag9^ and learn to cross ourselves with a 
*! few forma of prayer. One of the 36 converts 
^ finom Popery mentioned above had given par- 
V fys^fUtMwiim. Some of her relatione be. 






longing to the Protestant Church had been th€f 
occasion of her applying to the MissionaFies. 

^' During the time of her preparation she listened 
with great attention to the word of God ; and 
expressed the pleasure slie received from th^ 

" comfortable doctrines of the Gospel : attd ghe 


^' continues to lead an exemplary life^ and ex- 
'' horts those whom she is to deal with to cm- 
'' brace the same religion. 

" Twenty infant^.had been baptized^ so tliat 
'' the whole encrease of the year 1774 had been 
*' 108. Upward^ of 40 children had Ijeen in^ 
'^ structed in the school where one John PiHbw, 
a sober lad who had been brought up in it, 
had been employed as master^ iii which capdci- 
ty his father had served the Mission from fhe 
f^ beginning. 

They had in the course of the year fr^queht* 
ly sent their catechist3 into the country -to 
" preach the Gospel among the Gentiles, In 
particular Jesardijan, who was formerly a 
Popish catechist had been to Tanjore hi May 
to see his r^lfitions who are bigotted Roman 
Catholics^ and had frequent conferences With 
^' them and others^ arguing against theif erroni 
from Scripture. When they asked him the 
reason yvhy he left their church/ he answered 
^' them tliat daring his stay among* thetn be fiad 
f' never heard of the ^b\e, but accidiferfCtdiy 
ff lueeting with that divine RevelaU^p aYid eotn^* 




^ parbigi it with the Romisli fkith. he was 8«r« 
^ prized at the disagreement : that redding the 
'' second Coimuandment he was amazed to find 
*' that it. prohibited in the strongest terms all 
^ image worship, and that the Church of Roma 
had sliamefuUy curtailed it : that Mr. Swarts 
* had urged upon him his baptismal vow, which 
*' bound him to serve only the Father, Son, and 
*' Holy Ghost, without mentioning the Virgia 
ff Mary, or,.any other saint. 

'^ Mr.. Gericke has likewise been five tiioe^ 
'^ into the country visiting Christians and preach^ 
ing. to tlie Heathens. In the month of No-^ 
^ vember be was absent for a fortnight on n 
^ journey to Tirunamaley, twelve leagues dia* 
'^ ^nt from Cuddalore, a place which is famouf 
'^ for a feai^t celebrated at the full moon in No^ 
^, vember, when an enormous lamp is lighted on 
the't)p of a steep hill, to see which the poor 
deluded wretches think very meritorious. The 
day before they tvalk round the hill in pro- 
cession, washing in the tanks, and worship- 
ping in the. pagodas of which there is a great; 
*' number at the foot of this hill. Here Mn 
Gericke saw a multitude of pandarams and 
other priests in various attitudes : some were 
.' buried in the ground, having only a space lefit 


to draw breath. Others were standing oi^ 
their, heads : others dancing about with ilan^ 
^^ ing torches under their arms.: some were 



• < 




**8fi^tbhed tmt naked on thorns: Mhetat&^m 
** ropeft festened to trees with fire under them. 
^ The intent of all this was only to move the 
* people to tharity, which they implored with 
^ the utmost vehemence. Mr. Gericke fovrnd 
^ it no difficult matter to convince the Pia^ns of 
^ the futility of their worship, they confessed it 
^ In plain terms. The common people are 
^ weary of the burthen, and the Bramins are 
^ hated and detested all over the country, as 
•' they are the farmers employed by the Nabob 
♦♦^ to levy a tax arbitrarily imposed on each hoi»e 
•* at every feast, and in the execution of their 
^ office are guihy of incredible oppression.'* 
The Rev. Mr. Kiernander writes from Gal* 

• • 

tutta *^ that in the course of the year he bad 
" baptized '41 persons, viz. 16 adult Heathens of 
^ the Bengal cast, and 26 children. ISix Ro« 
** man Catholics had been received into the Pro- » 
^ testant Church.** 

At the close of his letter Mr. Kiernander la* 
tneirts ^' that the Lord's Day was not observed 


** as it ought to be by the European Christians 
^ at Calcutta ; all public and private works be^ 
** ing carried on upon the Sunday (equally the 
•^ game as on any other day in ihe week. Sup- 
'' posing (hat (he law lays no restraint upon the 
•' Heathens in this particular (though the stranger 
^ within thy ^(es is included in the comjfnand- 
f ment) yet I cannot see, says he, whyHhe lEu- 



'^ ropeans^ iatheur settlements^ should^ in tiMte* 
^* spect^ conform to Paganism* When the fi>r« 
" roer have their festivals they cease from labeur, 
'' and observe them strictly, and then the latter 
^ consent to stop their works; but on Sundays 
'' the natives are allowed to go on with their la^ 
^ hours, which are not suspended even during 
'' thb time of public worship. When I built the 
" church, the school, &c. I never suffered any 
** work to be done on that day, and yet, as I 
hired the labourers by the month, I always 
paid tliem for seven days, though they worked 
only six : and I observed they did more in the 
six days* by having the seventh to rest : when 
'^ their festivals too did not fall on a Sunday^ 
*^ they would not mind the lesser ones at all, bat 
<^ continue their work as usual; and on the 
<< greater ones^ which last sometimes three or 
<^ four days, would only absent themselves the 
** last afternoon to go to their feast. From 
*^ whence, continues he, I judge it not impracti'- 

V cable to bring the stranger within our. gat^ to 
^ a nearer conformity to the commandment ; at 
5' least there can be no reason why Christiana 
'^ should break the divine injunction in eompli- 
f ment to heathenism ; which makes theuij with 
^' their Lord's Day, appear very contemptiblf 

in the eyes of the Pagans : whereas could jthf 
latter once see the Christian Religion piactised^ 

V and good examples set them in this ud otheii^ 

ft i 


^^ weaken the strongast - objection they have 
^^ against Christianity, and; in tkne, make way 
'' for them to c6me in by floeks. • ' 

" TTlie Rev. Mr. Swartz ih^a letter froifi 
Tirutchinapally^ dated Slstof Januaiy, 1775, 
after mentiohing-4n general terms that they 
'^ had experienced many proofs of a kind Provi- 
^' dence watching over the work of the Mission, 
^' proceeds to acquaint the Society that the nine 
" natives, his assistants, are well, and do their 
'^ duty with diligence. Two of them are 
*' stationed at Wallam, a fort near Tanjore, 
^^ where they instruct the small congregation 
'^ which has been collected there. One, named 
f' Santappen, had been lately taken in, and em-^ 
ployed in the Malabar school, for which busi- 
ness he is admirably well qualified: and ac- 
cordingly the school was in a thriving condi** 
f^ tion, the number of children amounting to 
^' twenty-two. The English school continued 
^ as before ; and the Malabar congregation had 
^^ received an accession of five hundred ' neir 
^^ members. Several of these seemed to have 
^^' \>(ben rather moved by the calamity of the 
ff &mtne^ than by a desire of knowing the way 
^ to eternal Salvation^ However, as^^ they in- 
^ sisted on being instructed, Mr.-Sft^rtz^thoOght 
."^ k^ his ^ duty to bestow <m th^m M diUgdice 
tf (^hi^ii^U the labour sOmetinies^nrciM^ -to )k 


'^ qgroat dcigrBe).li0pin^'f&tt eo9ie>ift iMft migM 
^ Blake a good use of Iw imtruQtions ; mr iliad 
^^ iie been dJoappointed in itts eapcctatipiu 

^' In the coucte lof itlie fMeeeding yonr heiiad 
^ bad taken two jownifis to .Mudxtis : tbe-first 
^ he undertook at the deare 'Of ^iuB biiethren, 
*'^ mih axi intent. of getting a spot /of 4^ro«id. at 
^ Tanj^re to buikl a small pkn for divine wor- 
^^ 'Ship^ but the Nabob fefiised the fttvenr^ at 
'*' least for that tiiae. His s^oond jommty was 
^' oceaeioned by tlie decease of Colonial 9Vood^ 
'^ «who had desired him^ in his last will^ to be 
'' tme of his executors; a request ^oflHch Mr. 
•^ 'Swartr could not well refuse^ as Ihe Colon(!l 
**' had been a great benefactor to the Mission : 
^ he went^ dierefore^ the second time to Madras, 
*^ where he settled his deceased friend's ataiiip as 
-^ far as he cooJd^ prea/rhed sererel times at 
•*' Wepery, and renewed his applicatian to the 
*^' Nabobs b«t met with a second refusal^ ac- 
"' oompMiied with a ^;reat many orieatal com- 


''' plimeirts. On his jo«mies he conversed with 
the Gentiles fpeely^ setting before 4hem the 
vanity and sinfolnoss of their idolatrons prac- 
tices^ together with the exc^lency of the Chris- 
tiM doctrine. The generatity of the natives 
•^ seem to be more and -mope leonvineed of the 
^* dirine original of our Religion^ nor is the iH 
'•^ treatment which the new comparts meet with so 
«^^ seTon as formally. Many of the best families 



'* wouU not long liesitate to become phrv^fens^ 
could they but be shown how to maintain them^ 
selvei : but here the diffipulties are very great, and 
even greater now than when Tanjore and. the 
l^uwer oottnU*y had their different princes 
and governmentJB ; many thousand (one might 
say hundred ^ousand) inhabitants having 
^' quitted the country for want of bread and em- 
f' ploy. Mr. Swartz however and his assistants 
*' go on, casting all their burden upon Ifim who 
'' careth for them^ and who can point out a thou«- 
'^ sand means to alleviate these distresses, and 
'' open the way for the reception of his word." 

The Rev. the Daaish Missionaries at Tranque-- 
bar mention with much regret '' the de^th of 
their dear brother Mr. I^ideman, who died of 
a gall-fever, just whep they were hoping to be 
happily assisted by him as a young minister, in 
f' the Lord's service. 

" Another letter dftted the Slst of December,' 
'' 1774, informs the Society, tliat from the 5th 
'^ of October, 1773, to the 6th of October, 1774 
tlieir Portuguese congregation had been en- 
creased by the accession of 13 Heathens 

And 9 Children. 
*' To the Tamulian town church \ ^a ts ^v. 
'* l^d befu adde4 ^ - ^ i 

3 Papists 
And &5 Children. 







'' Andtothecmmtry-congregation 4d l^apwfe, 

> * 80 Children, 
And 906 Hwiihens ; 
*^ among which was a femtly from the M araMijen 
'' people, who arc supposed to be iJie fiwt of that 
*' nation who were ever baptiiced. 

" In the Portuguese schools twenty-eight dril- 
^ dren are entirely maintaihed, and upwards of 
*' twenty more come from abroad to be imUiicted : 
^' in the Tamulian town schools an hundred 
*' and twenty boys and an hundred dnd ten 'girls 
" are wholly maintained ; and in the Tamulian 
^ country schools thirty six childi'en are mstructed 
" and relieved. * 

^ With regard to the f^rinttng tfi*y had ' got 
" nearly to the end of the Third Boofc'of Moses 
" in the Tamulian, and of a new edition of Hymns 
*' in the Portugues^e hinguage/' 

In the Account subjoined to the yearly Report 
of 17T5, the Missionaries at Madras state an» ett- 
crease of 77, and add *' as to the expeiice Of 
*' maintaining 40 childi'cn in the schools, andx>if 
giving food and cloaths to the poor, widows^ 
sick, lame, and lepers, God had by'his'^ood 
Providence carried them through it by means 
'' of the benefactions that had either beieii re- 
" tifitted from Europe, or receiwd fitem >severaL 
'* pious persons in India, who, or^their own ac- 
'' cord, tod withdut any solicitation had affordeil 


'^ theitfi charitable afsistonce r for. file Mifision^ries 
^' nfeke it a vule never to heg, but accustom them* 
^'Mht^ tohX}\c:nf to the bountiful hand of God, 
^^ who ktioWB their cirGumstaneeer md- what they 
^' stand 10 need of/' 

Prom CuddaloreMr.'H^ttteman inforais the So- 
eietjT that /^^k had pleased God so to Mess the 
»*^ joint hboors of Mr. Gericke and himself, that 
'' 80' eMt Heatthens had • after due infitmctioa 
*^ fceeil received into the church of Christy 19 
*^ Papista hM embraced the doctrines of the 
'^ ^Prot^tant faith, and 30 infants had been bap-* 
'* tieed : sa that the whde encrease of the year 
'' 1775 had amounted to 69" 
Proin Cklctftta Mr. Kiemander vmtes tiiat^ 
ifir the^ dduMe of die year 46 persons had beea 
received into the cteirch by baptism ; 29 of 
'' whom were infants jtfie remaining 17 adults, 
•^*.^of whom were Mahometans and 15 of the 
'^ Bengal cast: Among the 4atter was one named 
u'^ Gunnesawn Doss^ who was bom at Dilly, 
;.'^» where lie IKed till the death of bis father^ 
,?'^"^iich happened when he> Was 15 years of age. 
]i'. He -then repaired to the English army^ and 
-'.' became an instractor for thePersian language, 
i^ and 4ceompanied Major Gmham to England! 
** lit n^ he Tet»med to Calcutta^ and was em- 
ployed as Persian interpreter and translator to 
the supreme court. Some time a^r his re* 
turn he began to coiAe to church now an4 


1 ./ 













tIi«B^ to.hec? fCBuons^ «tnd at 1^^ in fhe bc« 
ginning of May, 1778^ addressed himaelf to 
one of the MUaionariefii, dedbared hia tetenlton 
of becooni^ a ChrisCtan, and desired to be 
baptized. On discoursing with him they 
fQsnd 4)iat he yti^ fipqaainted with the Gate^ 
chisin. Common I^yer Book, and BMe^ an4 
with seyeial ptUer gpio^ bog(:s wjiich be bad 
read in Englapd^ from wl^ii^h Ijie qbfainf^ some 
knowledge of Christianity, and, ani abhorrence 

*' of his former yvay of life ; and the JVIissio^aries 
bciijig persuaded ^hat he w^s sini^ the 
declarations wl^ich he made of renooaciqg the 
idolatry of his country^ pomplied witjji hip -re^ 
quests and accordingly on the /^Ist iff. ^^y, 
being the 5th Sunday after Easter^ he waa 

*' named Robert; his 8|K>ni^s . being the Hon. 

'^ Robert Cliambers^ Esq* Mrs Cflian^rp;, senior, 

•' and Mr. Naylor." 
From Tirvj^inapally Mr. Swarta stales tbat^ 
the number of natives who in the comsMs of the. 
pjreceding year had enibraced Christianity 
amounted to S06« They had' received daily 
instruction in the catechetical way ; and;^ though 
such as knew how to read made in general the 
greatest improvement^ yet. even others before 
^ey were baptized* were aji>le to give, an ao- 

'' comit pf their faith. Among these converta 

[' Mr. Swartz has mentioned a ypung man of 

^ tlie l^igher trib^^ who had deliberated abava 




^ Met years %Vhc»ther he slioulff eiribrftce th^ 
^ Cbristiah Rdigioif!. His ttumerous rel^ion^ 
*' had been- the greatest obstacle he had to ovet- 
** come * lie had however foltowed his conviction: 
'' and soon after having cultivated tfie Httlfe* 
**^'kh6wledge he had of dar larigiiage ^as taken . 
** into the service of an English gentleman. The 
^' Heathens shunned and reviled him, wllilst he bore 
itwithhumiHly, yet without beingd^jected; andl 
soon after his countrymen seeing that they 
cbttld ndt depress his spirits, had acknowlfedg-ed 
*' the '^vrong they had done him, and had even'6n- 
*' treated him to read to them soihe passages of tlie 
** New Testament. In a village not far from^ 
'^ TinrtchitiapaHy a whole family had been oon- 
*^ verted to Christianity: but, on their teturn 
*' home, all the village was enraged against thein/ 
'' refusing them a shartf in the most common 
^' acts of kindness, and even forbidding th€m to 
'^ walk in the puT)lic road. As they suffered all' 
^ this ho\Vever with humility, and with some 
^' degree of cheerful boldness, the Heathens grew' 
'' ashamed of their former conduct, and behaved* 
"^ at leAst Avith common humanity towards* 
*' th*rti. 

*''• in a village to the left another Whole family 
^ had been converted. There son-in-law was 
^ thie principal man in the villagtj, who, hicensecT 
^'^ at his father-in-law for having embraced the* 
^ Christian Rdigion, desired hirti not to return 



^' anymore: by gentle reppesenti^tibns^ hdwevcr 
^ tte rage of the piwqjle had sabsided^ so that 
another iamily had been brought ov^r, and Mr. 
Swartz was in hope of shortly seeing tbe whole 
place inhabited by Christimis/* 
. He mentions also his having appbed ib the 
young Nabob in behalf of the widows, and 
having succeeded in his application and completed 
fk row of small tiled housies for their teceptioti. 

Prom Tranquebar the Djmijh Miftsionaries 
ijtale aa cncrea^e of 431 ^onls for the year 1775. 
'\ The Society have likewise been favoured 
^' with a letter from Mr, Professor Frcylinghau- 
^' sen, dated 7th Sept. 1776, wherein he write* 
^' that their ne^ Missionary/ the Reverend Mr. 
*^ John'Ja.mcs Schoelkopf, whom he had so 
strongly recommended, and in hU good opinion 
of whom be ha4 been cqn firmed by what 
he had seen i^f hiip during, his short stay at 
Halle, had left tliat place a fevv' days before the 
'^ date of his letter^ and was making the best of 
'' his way tlirough Holland to Loudon. The ex- 
f^ pences of this journey Mr. Preylinghaiisen 
^f agreeably to the intimation given in a former 
*' letter had found himself able to defmy out of 
'' the benefactions collectedln Germany ; besides 
'f which he was in hopes he should have it in his 
^' power to make some remittance to the Socicity's 
^' Missions in India, notwithstanding the great 
ff pxpeuce aj^tending the sending out of a npw 




MiASioni^y toTraiiqu^jar^ who was to be ac- 
ooca|)aiAf d by a phyaiciani and a person to be 

'f ^employed as superintendant of, the press. 

.The licvereod Mr. Schodkopf^ having hap- 
pily arrived safe in Lemdon, was on the S9th 
of October presented to the Society by the llev. 
r]Vf n Pasche ; when the Rev. Mr. Bourdillon^ 
ail their request^ delivered to him from the chair 
a..Chftrge in iAtin^ with a copy of which he has 
been ^soobtiging as to furnish them> and which 

'f theyi account themselves happy in being %bk to 
Gcmnuiiicate to the public. 


• • 



'' QUOD optanduin nobis erat ma^ime^ charis*^ 
'^ sime in Christo frater, Religrionis rebus in India 
*^ ita constitutis. ut slue mora^ sine periculb. 
*' salvus ad nos advenires^ id non humano consi^ 
" lio, scd benignissima datum Provldentia : cui 
'' gratias, quantum in nobis est^ debitas ex animo 
*^ persolvimus. Et profecto iUi soli quae ad evan- 
g*clii propagationem pertinent jam ab initio 
fidenter commlttentes^ ab ea utique sola desi- 
'' deratum expectamus successum; nulli dubi* 
tantcs quiu idem ille coelestis Spiritus^ cujus 
hue usque tutela tantam ad ainplitudinem 
crevtt coBtus iste noster^ dignetur illis etiam 
quibus utimur instrumentis et dotes animi re* 
quisitas^^ et corporis adaequatas vircs^ et tern* 
porum opportunitates largissime concedere. 
'' Quapropter^ quiim &vente numine hoc ad 
^* propogitum ^ludia tuia direxeris ut Christi lega- 












y tionem infideles apud populw in te raaeiirtr^^ 
ff ac commendatitiis Uteris probe munittft ad •nb9 
f^ accedas^ votis onmibas M iasioiiein istain tuaiQ- 
*' confirmainus : cui titinatn . coQStanti auxilio 
*^ velU.Deus optimus maiimus benedicere! 

Quod oifichim tanietm^ propi*^ iaftpnaitntis 
consciusj ne temere adgredi videreris^ diu mul- 
tinnque apud aniiiHim tuyna eORSulttistii magni- 
tudine tamen operia^ ^piod dhrioafli i|d g^onaih' 
]l^ed^ndaret3 fini^que».q^t. tot a«imftram sahitem 
procuraret^ cofnro(04u» imoiatiis^we^ «E|»ecBtis 
tandem quce obstare Yi4cbftiiltar -imiiediiMiitir 
'^ domesticisj tarn sanctam lubenti aDimo prorin- 
^ ciam amplexus es. 

Illuxit jam pridcm nou paucis in locifi prab- 
potens 3Ia atque s^lutari^ gratia, neque con- 
*' temnenda inter ethnicog multitudo sacro ad 
'^^ Christi gregejn bapti^mate initiate acce«sit. 
V Congregantur passim ecclesiaei, augentur pay- 
tores^ eriguntur scholee, assurgunt teoipla : 
quibus omnibus, beneficentissimo adj^vantc 
numine, inexplebili cum gaudio adtendit ac 
^' providet coetus iste noster. Tuum erit tarn 
^' faustis initii.s adjutricem manum gen eroso atque 
*' obfirmato pectore admovere, novum cvange-; 
'' licaB lampadi ^plendorem quotidie adjiqere 
*' teneras redeuiptoris oves in sinu fovere tuo, 
*' atque adversus infe3tas luporum rapacitate 
^' dilig'enti cura tueri, ne unquam a veri tramite 
^ ad periculosos abripiantur errores, ijeve ji^ 




^^ bastair^ 



''' yilittittB <|aq^pe veeftticniiB tiu^ acopot ad 
flcoipitfinam aninianim felieitatem cotKmaC 
atquQ tcrraioatur. Sttblime procul dobio mv*' 
nnteriam! Apoflt(dfcitiii prope dixerim^ qubd- 
^pie tibi ob ooalos <iebet natlo mm iAxapot^ ob« 
^^ Tenari. fitenim qvotiescanque apud me re- 
'^ pulo .i]pttiiAa tit aimiiift hnifnsii« pnestantiei; 
f^ qua desomidtmd ab ^ovighre, qtanr egr^itf 
'^ oraala fikakotUMlr^ quastit domta prifvilegiitf 
*^ tatatitt admifatknieni rapior^ neque ad dmna^ 
c^w in gtatiaai dnpeMadoneg ampKus ab« 
rtapesco. Sl^iritw enkn €^ eAt intelMg^fif; 
^^ BUpf^itii qaasr particula tiaminii, Natufa dkn« 
pfieissimus^ ab onmi ^orpoi^a ftec^ ^MiiA* 
longifiemi^ remotuif^ co<^?latbfte hie^AausfusV 
Tolttntate KberHfna^^ srii ^mp^r eonseiu^^ 
^Ttin^ ad Bciantias, omn^g arf artes apti^sitiiue^ 
pTfeterita ^x memorise pcna re^dWg^nsf^ 
'' fiitnrsi fiAg'Ai'f pertetrans judkio, abtobito irf 
^ corpn^ gaudens domin^ta, Angelis fere pi^oki- 
*' mus^ imo rpsius Creatoris imago qaasdam exi-' 
^ mla ae sittiilifMKlo. 

" DegMtr^ atiiiaas ! a mnndi jam pHajlofdiis^ 
dflemoDM' aMatia tentataB ac devictas^ pedcAto 
irretitdffi^ infeiiio detotas ! en qua; taas ^hari-! 
tati^ (use vigifentis credatitor, tuisque instita* 
iionibus atiim^ ! eas ad recup^randas saHAn- 
ff dasqiie ips^e Pei fXm in muml^ 





ratt . 

"^ Evangielkiin . promuljarit^ sanguineni tiMti 
^' mortem obivH. Ad paiferis dextcmm posfano- 
^ dum evecttts, pastores iostituit^ ut jomni sub 
*' ccbIo cctaturee, salutis doctcina innoteaceoet^ 
*^ viaque pateiret superas ad regioaes: 

^^ Noa alium in finem^ te Teoerandns iate ccBtiur 
elegit, hortaturque, imo obsecrat ne tern 
praestanti ac soiemoi ronnMe exeroeaido tua 
Hiiquam diligentia ab iptiii« expeoMionedus- 
erepet : a te etiam id ^expetit vky si quisd Ro- 
'^ mana ad reformatan nofltrem ^ccIeBiam pro- 
selyta sacras forte tninisterii funok]erie»«^Mld 
vos implendas e3Copteret> as facikm nimisr 
'^ aumm illi eommodes^ sedireitiiDciiin ooHegtf 
" communicata, nostrum ad cortrnn rescribas^ qui 
^pus Sit agendum ratioiie detecmioabit. . Qiias^ 
cunque porro imHne&ti alicujus^ .me in con-' 
gregationibus ac soholis testris^ give in itioeri'' 
basac coUoquiiseum indigeniaesse.arbiUreris, 
cestui nostro^ « quam - fiflspius fieri • poterit, accu- 
*f nla narratioae tranamiUas quaesumus, ut t^an^ 
^f turn in Missione tua profeoevis nobis cierter 
*^ ceriius couBtet. . 

" Agedum^ dilectissime fKatedr^ .fit. sepositis 
'^ cunctis transeuntts kvgus secali soUicituidi^ibas; 
omni hirpis lucri vel ambii^Qnta cogit^tio|iev 
tDtus ad pietatem dngen^randam: atque ipfl^iin^ 
'^ mandam te accingas, N^ minima Christt pviuro, 
quibus pascendis nunc es conatUutw, C4I9P4 jua 
perett^. aut uegligentja^ cav«to; ne^.s^rat 







^ tuas funciioDes ullis ticgotus opm aeculi^eiiimm 
'' aimis redolerent bvdm interturbari. Divina 
^' mysleria^ ceu fidelis dispensator^ omni tempore, 
*' publice at3 privatim^ aimuntiato. Everao ido- 
** lorum miserando cultu, soli viventi Deo akaria 
^' hominum in oordibas erig^to: unde ipsius 
'^ iinigeniti possis nomen ac doctrinam extendere^ 
'* cufitodire depositum^ regnum stabilire^ subdito- 
" rum angeie numenun^ legibtt» obedientiam 
*' cpnciliare, tolum denique Redemptionis opus 
*' contiBuo apud geotea ai; feiicissune promavere, 
^ iitjcaaciBac errantibus lumon^ scientia igpnaris^ 
'^ dubitantibus evidently, miBorig sobman^ pereun- 
'^ iibuB demum libara^io atque (Uilua accedast 

*' Te ven> no ullat^njis d^terreant ofBciomiif 
'^ quibus defiingendis destinatua es momenliim 
'' atque mukiUido^ quqe- ail^tio tamen non 
'' praetereufida. Grentem enim maumerabilain/ 
'/ qoanto iatewallo,. qnam longo tempore a Deo^, 
*' noftU*! omnium parente, aberrant^m^ idplis man*' 
<' ctpatam^ erroribus atque i^nov^ntia^ duc^pram 
«* dicam, an mlanflB potiiis deceptione olnnibila- 
'' tum^ moribus depravatam^ taataram sub^ 
'' trtiseriarum pondere ingemiscentem^ suUeyare 
^' tfbi ac conaolari incombk^ ad lucem ac verita- 
*' lem emngelicam^ ad tederis gratise. benefiday 
^ ad laisaricordkB Divin«B fontem kiexhaustwn^ 
" ad ilNm potenAia^ invtctum tutamem^ ad spem 
'^ daai^iie alabitem future felickatby fpeia qaasi 
*' lapnu adducere* Qw xijpf^ ivUimia ajpc^ 



^ vMi, eomiKi mtriio dc finfs mtione, sed et 
medioram appficatione^ ac perfectioht9 respectu^ 
serio si animadvertas, minim quo ardore in- 
flaimimberis-, qtiibus conattbus sustinebis^ qui- 
bus prccibu# efficies tit munus isttrd tibi con- 
creditam^ cunctis partibas^ cumulate ac fortiter 
'' absolvas. 

*' Nee tale eurricalum omnino solus ingrederis. 
" Nam praeterquam quod^ Drvino adspirahte 
^ tffttHio^ et iti stadium pedem infcrrc/ ef in eo 
({dcMidie progredi tibi dabittir^ ea est ttta nunc 
feKcitas^ ut et ampla ttbi jam apeifa iitt jarfAaV 
'^ ittotftriqae pnfeeuntem exempio commilitonem' 
^' habeas Swattsinm^ qutefn honoris catisa nomiao,' 
'^ ev^^B kid^fessa indostria^ amabili prudenfia, 
^ labors incfedibill, opus istud Evangelicmn, 
|iiauCi# iktifni^^ ad fion mediocre iticrementum 
ill Tanjuyfemi re^o addnctnm est : quod in- 
genti cum gaudio^ ac jucunda cum g^^tula- 
^ tifone^ erectifi ad coelum manibus, caetus noster 
•^ admiratuf. Hujus si vestigia, non lit amici 
• tlawtum €t collegffi, sed et ut peritissimi ductoris' 
*^ preiHas, t^ffdem, si Zelum, si virtutes imiteAs, 
'^ quanift i*il6/ solida uaiudi^xperientk, a)d!tri 
*' alterittH ©mulatione, jundis utnorumque sttfdiis 
f^ «i»ltfbonfo«6 puneReligioil^is non redundabit Ver 
'* ii!gratioatqu6\^eacia/Ghristique dominafiofiis 
'^ tttej^ta ataplitiidty cohseqaetur ? ' >^ ' 

> ^ Matt« igiCitr charisilime frater, et, qua d^ta^ 
'^ p^rtK; bstw ittg^edeye 4)hritualem istaw Mi- 










** tiam^ adveiiBarioruiii refosmidang neyiinem^ nt 
inferorum ^uidem fremituB n^alignvoe. Adest 
tibi im^ister ChriMus^ immeaaa turn in cfelo^ 
tiim ia terris corQnatiu pote«tate^ ciyus caiuaw 
agis^ oujtts gloriie allaboras ; illam oculis fidei 
testein perpetuum indesinenter mtueare> qui 
quflBCunque mente cogitabis^ deskierabk corde^ 
a^tabis coattlio^ manu et opera exequeris^ 
fitcQline obsenrabit^ indubitanter cogno«cet^ 
sumiDa cum eequitate remunerabitur . QuoiQani 
iude esse tibi debeat in votis sinceritas^ gravitas 
in Mrmonibus^ in precibujs vehementia^ in ten- 

^ tationibus fortitude^ in piosperis cequanimitafi, 
conAtantia in adversis^ i^ doloribus patieotia^ in 
toto denique vit® curriculo simplicitas ac 
sapientia^ non difficnlter deprehendes. 

In primis caveas ne quid in moribtts i\M 
vitioai aut jure £i4paudi irrepserit^ vel quan- 
tji^vis in se tolerftbilis ac innocu^ ^inistram 
nihilo secius ii^i partem ab aliis detorqueri aut 
Yitj[o verti pos9it^ ne quod doctjrina igdi&caveraa 
agendi ratione destnuMau*^ et quM sanam ad 
fidiem cpni^n8,in£Qnqai:e^ adne&rias pravitatea 
deflectei^i exeiqplo prsebeas oecasipnam : «ic* 

^l que tu^ d^ officio ae dignitate tua decedeado, 
in discrimen exi^timatioiiis veuias, probb 
evadas acandalo hiartationibusquQ tuis ac can* 
suris viBi atque pondus omniuQ in postentm 
detrahas. Qua exitiabiU imprndentia. totnm 
fti%iqn]» opjum^ totiu misspnis lw«^. ja«i ex^ 










^ antlatuft kbor^ tota certe coBtOB iatkfs tiia ei^* 
*' pectatio corrueret penitus ac ic vatiedc^ret. - 
" Tantis incojnmodis obviam ut tan enixe 
rogamus. Accipe, optata ut in hi« tinmibus 
gaudeas successu^ inexpugnabHem tfbr qtiam 
Paulus indicat armaturam, galeam sahitis/ lori- 
cum justitiae, fidei umboneni, g^I^imti iHum 
spiritns^ verbum nempe divinum, quod rite ad- 
ministrntum, ad intima cordis penetriins, cor- 
ruptos quosque abscindit affectus, quorum iii 
^' locum novae cogitationes, nova succrescunt 
^^ desideria, quae ad obedientiam Ch'risti unice in- 
" flectuntur ; adeo ut si ab una parte' ejds commi- 
nationes peccatoribus sint fonnidini, ejus ab 
altera promissiones fidelium animos erigant, 
omnisque "generis calamitatibus faciant su- 

^ Quum autem de grege tuo spirituaH alendo 
^^ pastu tantopere sis solicitus^ tui ipsius cfuram) 
^ *^ perdilam apud gen tern, non minus^ ' seHani 
*' gerito, splendidis illis virtutibus operam datido^ 
^^ quae universam ambitu suo morilem ' cAm- 
'*' plectuhtur disciplinam, justitise^ nimirtim aique 
'^ charitati. Devotissimo pectore Deum colko"; 
'^Alexis frequenter genibus, inconcusjtei Rde^ 
"■ cuncla ab ejus dilectiohe beneficia turn ^bi, 
'' tuin' gregi necessaria implorabis atque acclpies': 
^' de nulla re adeo anxius quam ut ilfi probata* 
evadas accfeptusque^ 
'lltinam et propitium ilium tibi ac munifi* 




^'.eentismmnm, omni tempwe ae loco^ 'eceptfi 
^' omDibtts atque laboribus ketabilis experiarel 
^ ittinam illi streauus ut sis ac fiddissimus^ ad 
^' extremum usque haJitum^ minister^ tibi con- 
^' cedfttur ! ut supremo illo tandem ac fonni- 
^^ dando die, ubi coram gloriosissimo mundi 
judice^ coram angelorum infinitis myriadibus^ 
citabuntur universe mortaiium geherationes^ 
ad ultimum^ illamque irrevocabilem sententiam 
*' audiendam : utinam^inquam^ ista^ ettibi^ etuobis 
'' omnibus^ divine ex ore pronuntietur : accede, 
*' bone serve, ac fidelis ; beatissimas in domini 
^' tui m^nsiones exuitabundus intromittitor \" 




'" THE State of the Society's Missions ip India, 
*' .beloved Brother it^ Christy made us earnestly 
•' wish for your, safe ^nd speedy arrival in Eng- 
.land ; and we ascribe the accomplishment of 
jonr desires, not to human prudence, but to the 
.giacious Providence of God, to whom we 
therefore reunj^^i:. p^r most hearty and bounden 
,t)ianjt8* Accustomed indeed from th^ begia^ 
tting AitbfuUy to commit to him alone wh^t« 
ever concerned the propagation of his Gospel, 
we look; up to him alone for the success of our 
endeavours, not doubtiqg but that the same 
heaveuly spirit, ^y vvhose assistauce this oi^ 




^ antlatiii kbor^ tota certe coetos istkfs {lia el(- 
*' pectatio corrueret penitus ac KiVane^ceret. • 
'^ Tantis incojnmodis obviam tit eair eniice 
rogamufl. Accipe, optato tit 'in hiii omnibus 
gaudeas successu^ inexpugn^abHem tfbr quam 
" Paulus indicat armaturam, galeam saltitis, lori- 
cum justitise, fidei umboneni, gladhnti ittufn 
spiritus, verbum nempe divinum, quod irite ad- 
ministrntum, ad intima cordis penetrans, cor- 
ruptos quosque abscindit afFectus, quorum hi 
^' locum novae cogitationes, nova siiccrescunt 
'^ desideria, quffi ad obedientiam Christi unice in- 
'' flectuntur ; adeo ut si ab una parte* ejtis comnii- 
'^ nationes peccatoribus sint formidini^ ejus ab 
*' altera promissiones fidelium animos erigant, 
'^ omnisque 'generis calamitatibus faciant su- 
" periores. 

^ Quum autem de greg^ tuo spiritualt alendo 

■'^ pastu tantopere sis solicitus^ tiii ipsius cfuram, 

• * ' ' " • *. 

^ '^ p'erditam apud gentem, non minus^ ' seHam 
*' gerlto, splendidis illis virtutibus operam dattdo, 
^*^ quae universam ambitu suo moralem ' tdm- 
"*' plectuntur disciplinam, justitiae, nimirtitn atque 
'' charitati. Devotissimo pectore Deum colfto'; 
'^ flexi^ frequenter genibus, inconcusj^a 'fide) 
"" cunc'ta ab ejus dilectioiie beneficia turn ^bi, 
" iuni' gregi necessaria implorabis atque acclples : 
"^^ de ' nulla re adeo anxius quam ut iffi probataii 
'^ fevadas acceptusque. 
" ^'^lltinam et propitium ilium tibi acmunifi- 

^' eentisamttin^ omni tempore ac loco, cceptfn 
^' omDibw atque laboribus lastabilis experiare! 
^^ utinam illi strenuus ut sis ac fidelissimus, ad 
'^ ^xtremum usque halitum, minister^ tibi con* 
*' ced^tur ! ut supremo illo tandem ao formi- 
*^ dando die, ubi coram gloriosisslmo mundi 
'' judice;, coram angelorum infinitis myriadibus^ 
" citabuntur universal mortalium geiierationes^ 
"^ ad ultimum, illamque irrevocabilem sententiam 
*' audiendam: utinam^inquam, ista^et tibi, et nobis 
" omnibiis, divino ex ore pronuntietur : accede, 
" bone serve^ ac fidelis ; beatissimas in domini 
" tui mansiones exultabundus intromittitor l" 






'' THE state of the Society's Missions ip India, 


.beloved Brother i^ Christy made us, earnestly 
wish for your, safe p^nd ,speedy arrival in Eng* 
.bund ; and vre ascribe the accomplishment of 
our desires, not to human prudence, but to the 
giacious Pxoyidence of God, to whom we 
therefore. rei;u].Q]:.pur most hearty and bounden 
.thanjts. Accustomed indeed from the begin- 
Bing iaitbfuUy to commit; to him alone what* 
ever concerned the propagation of his Gospel, 
w^ look; up to him alone for the success of our 
endeavours, not doubting but that the same 
heayeoly spirit^ py \f hose assistaoce this o\if 

^.SaQiety,{tndUs4fi^^P h$tve hitheiito been aa 
•'' gre^U^ enlarged^ will vouchsafe plenteousljr 
^' tp bestow on die instruiventB whicli we ejiaploy 
/^ tbo9e mental qu^ificatiops^ that bodily, ^tren^b, 
and tUose favourable opportunitties which shall 
be necessary towards carry lug on tlie ^ood 
*' wovk in which we are eng^aged. 

'' Seeing then, under the guidance of Heaven, 
f^ you have directed your studies to this end, that 
/' you might take upon you the ofBce of Christ's 
^^ Ambassador to the Heathens, and are come to 
y us dtdy furnished with letters of recommenda- 
tion, we with one voicQ ratify and confirm this 
your Mission : and may Almighty God bless 
and prosper it with his continual help. 
^' Conscious indeed of your o^yn weaTcness, and 
'' feaifullest you should seem rashly to under- 
*' t|iHe i5uch an office, you long deliberated with 
*' yo.m'splf ; till, e;ccited by the importance of the 
/^ Vfoi^ . which tends to promote the glory of 
Y^ jGofl, and jias for its object the salvation of so 
'^ many souls, and luiving at length surmounted 
*^ some obstacles of a family-nature, you hav^ 
with. ^ \vilUng mind entered upon tliis spcre^l 

Tl>e powerful and saving grace of God hath 
long since ^hone forth in many pljaces,, and mul« 
titudes of the Heathens h^ve. been received by 
)^iptism iiV'O the flock of Christ : cong^egu- 
^^ tiQQs are gathered together from »ll quarters. 








^^ thb number cf l^dstors is increls^cl^ schools ^r^ 
''•setup, buildings are erected for pubKc wor- 
' ship : whilst this Society beholds With joy the 
progress which Christianity is makings iaind^ 
*"' through the bountifiil assistance df Heaven^ 
^''''plahs and provides for its future support and 
^^ advancement. It will be your part ^with firm- 
'^ ness and resolution to forward so auspicious a 
'^ beginning, daily to add new splendor to the 
^' light df the Gospefl, to cherish in yoiir nosoni 
^^ the tender lambs of our Redeemer, arid dili- 
^' gently to protect then! against the aiss&ults of 
**' ravenous wolves, lest at any time they should 
^' be hurried away from the paths of truth intd 
*' dangerous errors, or fell again into the deplora« 
ff ble precipices of vice. 

'^ The liltirhate end of your calling is the eter- 
*^ nal salvation of souls. What a sublime, I had 
*^ almost said, apostolical employment I the ifn- 
** portance of* which you oiight always to place 
**' before your eyes. Whenever I call to niind 
'* the exceUerice of the human soul, the source 
*' from whence if is derived, the extraiordinary 

'' Unities with which it is adorhe<J, the great 

• • • 

^' privileges with which it is endowed; I ami 
^ seized with admiration, nor am I any longer 
^' astonished at those things which God had 
^' wrought in its behalf. For it is an intelligent 
^' spirit, a particle, jis, it were, of the Supreme 
^ Being, in its natiirie mdsi simple, fer removecl 



". from, an t)i(^.df!eg9 o^ rofttter, i» thsiu^ iaex* 
baudtilfle, ill will most fi*ee^ cyeir conacioo^^ of ite 
ovrsK e^t^nee sa}do]^erati^s> capable of attain- 
*' ijjff to evQry i^rt and' sGicnce, by memory recoir 
*' Icctwg tjie. pj^t, by s^city penetrating int^ 
*' £aturity> cnjojing. an ateioiate doIninio^ ove^ 
** ti^e. t^Qdy^ (^pproa.chin|[ ali^ost to the angelic 
^^ nttt^r^a n.^y thiP very imag^e s^nd likejiess of the 
Creator himself. 

behold,, to your charitable and watchful care 
ar^ camnflitted th/^e spujs^ nvhicb^ teinpted and 
ovcj^ome by the subtilty of the. dcvil^ sflon fell 
*' fi:om. tl\€i state in wlijch. they were created^ were 
Qn$Q9ted^in.sin^ an4 devoted to etjernal n&isery. 
To. cestore a^. <ave them the Spn of God Iwm- 
'' self came down ftrom Heaven^ preached, the 
Gospclj: shed his bloodj suffered death upon the 
cross ; and being afterwards exalted to the right 
hand Q^ the father^ apppifited Pastors^ that ta 
every creature under Heaven the doctrine of 
saivatiqn m^ght be published^ and the way laid 
open to the mansions of everlasting happincs^,^ 
For this purpose and this alone we have 
niade choice of you^ aijd wc exhort, nay wp 
entreat yoi^ that, in (he discharge of so excej- 
Jent and important an office, your diligence m^y 
ne.ver fall short of our expcctatioi>. We like; 
wise beseech you, if any Pro^elytq from th? 
*' Romish Church should be desirous of assistm^ 
you in the work of the niiuistry, that yoa 4o 









noltoo cead% liirlefr tohiio^ but tkat^ havmgeon-^ 
salted wiUi your cottea^ne^ you write wofd to 
ui) that WB imiy determine what itf proper tor 
be done. We likewiBe beg of yoQ to send m^ 
as. often ay you can^. an exact account of what^ 
ever sfaall happen of any consequence either 
in your congregations and school or in yoop 
joumies and conversations with the natives, 
that we nay be satisfied' of the progress which 
yon make in yem? Mission. 
^ Coma then, bebved Brother, and laying' 
** aside afl the cafes of this transitory fife^ all* 
*' desires of filthy kusre^ and adt fmbitieus views^ 
^^ apply yourself wholly to kindle and cherish th^ 
'^ flame of gennifte piety. Take care that the^ 
^* least of Christ'^ sfaeep^ which you are now ap-* 
'' pointed to fsedy perish not thiiough your &dlti«' 
'' nes& or neglect Suffer not youlf sabred func> 
'' tidns tt^ be kitevr*p(ed by any affairs whtch" 
< ' savour too mioch of the dpkittol^ thia wwMi Ar 
'' a^ &ithfid stei^mrd^ of the mysteries of GonI, dis^ 
** pcnse them at idl iksMM, beth ih public aii<f 
'^ private. On^ thtf ruins of tdoktAry set' up^ ap- 
** tBf» lib the heafit»^ metir* (e the only livings arul 
** tfHe God ; that yoa may (hereby extend thtf 
nacae and doctt^se of bia only begotten son; 
may^ keep the faitb^ whlch^be hUs committed^teV 
your care^ may esMblisk his::hi»gdom> may en^ 
^ oresM the number of his^ subjects^ mayonsore^ 
9 obedieHic:^ to his )um\ may canry oti> in^ ^borty 

o 2 






incessantly and successfully the whole work of 
redenfption among the Gentiles, that the blind 
and li^anctering; may have light, the igRoratnt 
may be instructed, the doubting may be 
grounded in the truth, the tvrctched may be 
comforted, and those who are perishing may 
enjoy deliverance and salvation. 

And be not in any wise disheartened by the 
importance and number of those duties to the 
discharge of which you are appointed. I mean ' 
not to discourage you, but I cannot whoHy 
pass them over in silence. It is your^ then to' 
*^ relieve and comfort an innumerable multitude^ 
'' far removed and long alienated from God, the 
'f common father of us all, enslaved to idols, im- 
'^ merged in darkness through the errors and ig- 
norance of their leaders, or rather through the 
deceitful wiles of the devil, depraved in their 
'^ morals, and groaning under the weight of the 
greatest miseries ; it is yours to lead them as it 
were by the hand to the light of Gospel-truth, 
to the benefits of the covenant of grace,, to the 
inexhaustible fountain of Divine Mercy, to the 
invincible protection of his power, and to the 
*' stedfest hope of everlasting happiness. And^^ 
if you seriously consider with yourself the im- 
poi-tance of these duties not only with respect 
to the end proposed, but likewise to the means 
which are to be employed in the prosecution of 
(heni^ and the high degree of perfection to 











^ which tbey may be advanced^ with what ardor 
^ witt yott be inflamed^ how^trenaously will jrou 
exert yourself^ how fervently will you pray, that 
you may manfully and thoroaghly acoomplish 
*' the work which is ^iven you to do ? 

Nor are you left entvely to yourself in the 
desi^ in which you are enga^n^ ; but, be« 
^^ sides the Divjpe assistance enabling; you to en*> 
f ter upon this coui«e and to make a continual' 
^^ ^M^ess in it, yeu are so happy as to find a great 
^^ and effectual door opened to you, and to have 
the ittustrious example of your fellow-labourer, 
the vrarlhy and Reverend Mr. Swartz, by whose 
unwearied diligence, amiable discretion, and 
:*f incredible labours, the work of the ministry 
has, within these few years, to the great joy 
and astonishment of this Society, made so ra« 
pid a progress in the kingdom of Tanjore. If 
then, considering him not only as a friend and 
colleague, but as a most skillful leader, you 
^' ixend in his footsteps, and imitate his fiiith, his 
'' zeal and his virtues, how will the solid ex- 
^' perience of the one, the cbearfiil emulation of 
^^ tile other, the joint endeavours of both give 
^^ weight and efficacy to pure religion, and con* 
^^ duoe to the desired enlargement of the king- 
^^ dom of Christ ! 

^' Take courage thea, beloved Brother, and 
'' seise the favourable opportunity of entering 
. ^^ chearl^Uy upon thi;9 spiritual war&rc, not ter- 
rified by any adversaries^ nor even daunted by 




fm, imfeatfid urith boiimti«is power in ikaven 
iDd in mc^ I^ook t» to hi» ^artiiwwHy 

&IDU All cpmpiu PMiVMi 

^bienire^ fmi wri& wumt ctrtaanljr tliaeover wAat- 
^Yt^ ymx tUak, widi, ^tlMgn, 9»d eiwoate, and 
^' t)fa.t be wSL with tbe etrietefit «qii% reviurd 
'^ y^u iuKor4iQtg}jr ; wd you will flMwii be wasi- 
^^ Ue w^ mioef^itj ijbwe shMld be in joar de- 
'' «jfWKl, vbat «pw^eflB in yonr speech^ what fer- 
^' ymcf m y^ur ptsiyem, wliat feitiliide «ider 
^' iemptMioM^ what equanimty ia pmafmty, 
^f wtipt coBBtQncy ia adversity, what patsence in 
^' Bf^ctioM, inii^t ciflipUdty owl wiadon ia the 
'^ whole oeun^ of yoar lifie, 

'^ Bewne tepededly kst fhese be any thing 
'^ vkiMs or juatly bbmcablf in yoar behavienr, 
*^ or nay Ihiag which^ however lawlid and kino- 
** cent in itself, auiy aerardideN be auaceaslmed 
f^ by otfaofB, Beware that what you bava buflt 
'^ up by you teecfatng he wA orcrthnma by 
^ your condact^ and that tbe^e whom yoa endea- 
'' yoar to establiBh m a soaad fiath take net oe- 
^' oasion £roin yoar example to tarn aside anto 
^' wickedness r for coqsider that, by thaa depart- 
^ ing from yoar office and digaity^ you will 
*' hazard yonr chaiacter and r^utation^ will be- 
^[ come ft jsctiadal to th? good, and deprive yoqr 

^ fature exhortattofn titid temur^ bf fli \}SkiT 
*' force ftndefficiicy ; 6wi %y this fttifl ifti]^* 
'^ deftce idl tlte work tif nligioa, «S 4he MAidur 
^^ bestowed upon your Mfsston^ tfl ttie jmms ex^ 
** pettatiom of ttii Society, wiD entity tianish 
^ and <JOme to hOught. 

'^ Wethcrefttc euvie^t)^ bedeedti yoti to pre- 

* vent l!hfl8e great evils : ^wd, *hat iti HA these 

^ Ihings yon o/Mty enjoy tlte desired succ^, take 

^ to yOH that itt^enetrable armour %tWch the 

Apostle has pdinlxni out fo yon, the helmet of 

sdlration, the breast-plate of rig^hteotisneds, the 

^' shteU dt hWtk.iihe simri of the kpith, tvhtcii is 

the word of God, 4nd whfch, Hg:htly handled, 

penetrates the- iamoM rece^s'es of tlte heart, and 

^' cats away aU corrapt ftfferiions, whilst in their 

stead there arise ne^r thotiig^ht^ and desires 

which tend solely to the obedience of Christ : 

*' So that, if on the one hand his threateiiings 

are a lerlror to jmrners, his promises, on the 

oCheir^ encbHrt^g^ the fitithful, and render them 

superior to all evilil ahd calamities. 

'^ Whilst however yott are thus solicitous to 

nourish your flock with spiritual food, be not 

less seriously attentive to yourself in the midst 

of a corrupt generation. Labour to acquire 

'^ those shining virtues which comprehend 

^' the whole system of morality, jtistice, and 

^' charity : wowhip God with the -greatest fervor 

*' and devotion, and frequently oh your knees^ 











^ iv|t!{ -unshaken fmitl^^ . implore Us kiting 

r' nesis^ fuid you will ^^ertainly receive from hun 
^yery Uesslnjg^ which 19 neces$aiy either fof 
yourself or for your flock. 

May you joyfftUy experience him at all times 
and in all places favourable and popopitious U^ 
all your designs f^njl undertakings. May you 
be diligent and faithful to him in your latest 

'' breath. And in thiU; last and dreadful day 
>vben ^11 the geperatipns of men shall be wm^ 

^' moned before the glorious ^udge of all the 
worlds and before unnumbered myriads of 
Angels^ to Receive their fins^ an4 irrevocable 
doom^ may you^ and n;iay we all hear this sen-^ 
tence from his divine mouthy cpme^ good and 
faithful servant, enter thou triumphant into the 
blessed mansions of thy lord." 


Mr. Schoelkopf having thus received his in- 
stn;ctions> the Society^ next concern was to 

'' provide for his voyage to India; and accord- 
ingly they applied to the Honourable East In- 
dia Company for leave that the Missionary 
might embark in one of their ships, free of aH 
charge to them : and, the directors having with 

" their usual indulgence comphed with this re- 
quest, and term§ hj^ving been made with the 
Captain of the Princess Royal, Mr. Schoelkopf 
soon after set sail for Port St. George^ where 

f f the Society hope he will arrive safe, and pro-s 









^. ceed from thence to join Mr. Swartz in the 

^f care of the Mission of Tirutshinapally. 

'^ He intended^ before he proceeded on bis 

': voyage, to have taken leave of the Society ia 
form ; but, being prevented by the ship's 
sailingaooner thaii was expected^ and at a time 
>¥heii the board >vas adjourned^ he sent them 
the speech ivhich he had prepared for the oc-> 
ca$ion> and it id here inserted as a specimen of 
Ml*. ^cho^U^iOpf 's s^biUties and of the ^ood dis«» 
poftitioii with which he is entering on the work 

^' of tlie Mission, 



^' SI qua esset in medicendi vis, viri plarimuiii 
f' reverendi, ea^ vel si nnnquam antea, nunc c^te 
^^ eximium mihi U3um prsBstarct, cpm hac in vita,^ 
f' quantum video et autumare possain^ poetrema 
f ad vos verba facienda sunt. Est autem omnino 
^'^ cur valedicens vobi^ ego laborem, ne aut in*- 
f ' grains esse^ cuiquam Yi^beor^ aut parum consi^ 
f^ derans quantum divini beneficii, tale nihil 
^' meritus, e^ bona grutia Jesu Chnsti in eo 
f adeptus siqi, quod prsecpnio Evangelii in 
^' Orientali ludia iacie^do me prseficere non 
f' dedignati estis, Yeni ad vos peregrinos et 
. ' ignotus homo, comm^ndare ipse me qua re 
ppsseni vobis qaidem, talibus viris^ non habens^ 
nisi prsecipuorum quorundam in Germania 
virorum boni cujusdam ominis testimonia. Vos 
rccepistis hospUio honestoac lauto, p^r tres 
ff in^nses necess^ia quasque suppeditastis ; quid 




^^ WERE I Reverend Sin, eadued wkh any 
**^ poverr of eloquence^ they would certainly, if 
'' wer, stand me in good stead on tbe present 
^ occasion^ when I am^ moet probably^ addres- 
sing myself to youfcHr the last time. And 
there is ]^od reason wby^ on taking leave of 
^^ jriDtt, I should endeavour notto ^peaningrate^ 
^ fiil^ or insensible of the great fevour which 
^"^ (iod^ of his abundant mercy in Christ Jesus^ 
^ has bestowed on me, though in no wise deserv- 
ing of it, having granted me to be accoHptod 
not unwQothy of bdng appointed by yo^ to 
take, charge of a Mission and to preach the 
^ Gospel in India. I came to you a stranger 
^ asid imknown^ having n<Ahing to recommend 
me to you but the fiivourable opinions of some 
chief persons in Germany: you have re- 
^ ceived and entertained me honourably^ ha^e 
*' supplied me with necesaGuries for three months^ 
'' have eiK^n bountifully bestowed on me the con- 
^' venmafiea ci life, and afforded me ft creditable 
*' maintenance, have shovm m^ much courteefim- 
ness and affability, have encouraged me by 
many a token of Christian affection> and Iiava 
^ not hesitated to c(Hnmit to me a charge, the 




*^ importance of which I am not perhaps evfiii 
*' yet thoroughly aware of. • 

*^ On these accounts^ and on others too which 
cannot well find a place in so short a discourse 
as this, I return you my most hearty thanks^ 
and shall erer account myself under the highest 
obligations to you : but when or ^Hiere shcdl I 
find an opportunity of discharging them ?" you 
'^ arc not indeed of the number of those who 
'^ bestow their favours oxt no other condition; 
" but rather, from a true and lively faith, account 
^' that which is thus laid out as returned to 
God from whom it was received, or, in the km^ 
guage of Scripture, lent unto the Lonl* 
For this cause however I ought to strive the 
*' more and use my utmost endeavours, accord-* 
ing to the abflity which the Divine SfMrit shaS 
impart^ that I may faithfully and devoutly 
answer your intentions and do the will of our 
heavenly Master, either by establishing his 
'^ Gospel and causing it to bring forth its genuine 
^ fruits in those who already profess to believe 
in Christ, or by preaching and propagating it 
among those who have not yet known nor 
heard of the Son of God. And this, well eon-' 
sidering that God the Father and our Lord 
^' Jesus Christ are every where present and 
search the hearts and reins, I here, before you 
my patrons deliberately undertake, promise/ 
and engage to perform, being thoroughly as* 








^ mie«l an^ nothingr cidubting that He vAw In^ 
'* begun this good wcirk ia mt will never be 
'^ Wtfartiifc btft iii^ Mksvrer t» mjr itBcaastng; 
'^ piayetf% witt kiniMy aad faiUifuIly afibrd me Ui» 
'^ amfitunee* jkid nmv nothing remalM but 
to itej^t m^ (banlui. for sc^ laaA y aod great &- 
touts beiiBti£ttUy eanferred upan me, aod to 
p]»ty (as' L ewr shali. de) tiiat Ged tl>e father 
^o«r Kiord JesH» Chrisirnihjr grant tayau aad 
ymm* that yott may enjoy di true happiBesa in 
tbi» Itfe^ and tfaftt your labours may be pro^ 
difotHFd of xmicb good frail Uy the exteoMve pro« 
^' {MlgprtiOfl of tite ChrietiBA Re%ion^ and'luuring 
'^ finally preferred yoa from the mmifeld temp- 
'' tationa of this vrtiA'A, he may, c^ his mercy 
'^ and truth in Christ Jesus^ bring yota safely 
^' to that fer better and mox^ ^isiraMe state ; 
'^ whkher if we arr'rro vieteridvis, then shall I, 
*' cetebfi^g, wiili' the assembly of the blessed^ 
" tf^a uni^ahable goadiieBsi of God, call to luind 
*' the kindfiM)^ whieb. yeu ha^f e shown me,^ and 
'^ rigtoflmr ya» tiiMkt with^ thai sincerity, asiid ardor 
^' with' wiit€h' I. sfaaU eter retaM a^ sense of my 
^^ eblAgpMtiolis to yau. FaR*owaU, andicver bear 
^f ve kindly in iCHAemhrffiic^s^." 

In/the aascmnt i6t IPflT, MeMra Fabrichis and^ 
BnsHhM^ ebaearte,, '^ that the poor ent€tf into^ 
'^ the elmirb of Chrifity amd diai they are ready 
tfnd willing to receive thmn, altboa^ i^r-^ 
wafds the difficulty they ha^e to proenre em^ 



^ jJoymenA for them, ami to fij94i otft &r dicm 
*' a way to get their UTcUho(Kl> or if thef ave oUl 
^ am! VsAxxck to sustain them witb spinas, isth^rt by 
'^ CRcrease4. TI>cy fujcthar. observe that tbi 
** rich and great people are f^o coxuieded witb 
*' their ti*ihes and relatians in thai country^ that 
'' they as yet in vain wait for their conver8iD% 
^' till it shall please God to bring dawa their 
pride^ and to awaken also tbe Europoaa gem- 
tiemen to a pious desire towarda thK pisopi^ft- 
" tion of the kingdom of Chri^. Th^ero i^ hi^w^ 
'' ever, at Madras a pretty um^rous c<Migrega» 
'' tioQ of such as worship the only tcue Goct *• 
'' wliom the divine and pure doctrines of Chri»- 
tianity are constantly preached^ uii am^ng 
M kofa the holy Sacrameatg are d^ly admt* 
'^ ni«tered-" 

Mr. Fabricius mentiona bis liaring visiled a 
Poligar, who is a tributary to the Nabob, before 
w horn and his people he set forth the vanity a«ui 
sinfuhiess of idolatry. He dso menlipn» the le- 
2^€y of Mr. HoUia a pious beaefaqtw who b(Ql 
bequeathed <£700. to the Mission^ 

From Tirutchinapally Mr. Swwt«i^ hsMlniB 
the. 1qs9 of an able and axwnftarj^ cal«<;hi9C 
BayAfOpen. His solid knowledge, n^ '^ M^. 
'' Swartz, qf the Chdstian dQctiPine^ lus- aieek 
'' behaviour tftwairfsall, hi^ contented mhi^pai^ 
'' ticulaiFljr his. love of Christ and huBoJbla zeal in 




'* Pleaching the vr^M of God w6re actno wledgeJ 
** by Christians and Heathens/* 

He writes also that ^^ among the Heathens 
^ there were matny who wcfre convinced of th^ 
excellency of the Christian doctrine^ but wertf 
miserably kept bick from Embracing it by 
fear, and other itorldly coiisideratioris. But 
still sayrf he. We hopd God will bless ouf feeble 
•' endeavours to the trde conversion of some. IC 
is our duty to be fkithfiil in the discharge of 
oui* office without being too anxious about the 
*' number of those who are benefitted by it 
•* Those who had offered themselves to be iuJ 
*' stracted in the Christian doctrine iri order to 
^ enter into covenant %vith God by baptism were 
f' about 50, yohng and old persons inclrided." 

Mr. Swartz mentions with great concern the 
Aekth of Mr. Schoelkops, soon after his atrrival a{ 
Madras, and when there were great expectation* 
of advantage from his comiiig. 

In the Account for 1778, printed iri 1779, Mr, 
Diemer writes front Calcutta "that a Heathc<t 
*' writer had been convinced of the absurdities of 
*^ hid own religion, and in plain terms confessed 
•' that the Christian was better. He was further 
^^ told that if he chose to change his religion he 
*' should be well instructed in the Christians, 
^' that it was his duty to make a trial, and to en-' 
^ quire into the doctrines of Christianity^ Bof 

^' then he begun to smile^ and said I cannot ani 


will not change He says^ that the common 
people believe in a multitude o^ Gods^ and will 
enumerate many Crods and Goddesses with 
their generations^ and declare that all Gods 
'^ ought to be worshipped. But it is very dif- 
'' ficult to determine what the Bramins believe. 
" We hadj says he, the other day a conversation 
'^ with a Bramin who asserted that the whole 
" Universe is God, what now speaks in me is 
*^ God, and what animates a dog is God, and 
when God retires out of the dog he must die 
immediately. They account God the author 
of all their immoiialities and wicked actions^ 
and so strongly do they adhere to this notion, 
that a Brarpin will expressly say when I have 
an inclination to steal I cannot help it, because 
^' God made me so : and when such a one it 
*' punished he says^ / cannot help it, it was so 
destined. The Bramin despises all other casts^ 
and the lowest is despised by alL 
^' The veneration for the cow and the sacred 
''^ bulls is exceedingly great among the Boigaleeti 
'^ The other day, says Mr. Diemer, the leg of one 
'f of their bulls was broken^ The beast vms 
immoditely surrounded by many hundred peo- 
pl^^jmd the Brsunins especially were very busy 
" and much concerned for the bull; sQint 
'/ hrimgbi him food^ others medidiflie> aad others 





" fopeii to feiriove fi!m to a Ory ptice. 'Tfitw 
was tKe sacred ^uH eal'ri(^d away With liil p(>ssn>Ie 
care, cLndt every method tried to recovfer him, 
^' But when a jiodi- wretch lie^ irt the rtr^^ts, 
'^ and his clistress calls aloud fm* the compaission 
'^ of those who pass by, if he iS of a low cast he i» 
'^ erilirely neglected. THe mercitesSarid hsLiighty 
^ iSrahiiri passes on Withotit being affected at the 
'' sight of 6Uch ah objcck 6t compa&i«n, tint 
" were \\6 a sacfed bull propfcir care Ivoold be 
" ittiiilediatclf takfeil bf hinft, Wh^ti A Bfen- 
'^ ffaleis'S house takes fire h^ is obhjafed first to 
'' sitfe hU cow, €Ltttf thbiigh his wife and chil- 
'^ dren iShould be bdnsumed fty fire it si^i- 
^' fies nothing, btrt if the covV petihhes ill the 
*' flanteS he idse& his cast.'* 

Mir. S\v*art2 mehfioils the arrival of Mr. PdHIe, 
speaks highly yf ftini a§ possessln* " a titer 
head {ind a pioud heart, with a gi^eat dd^Wk oi 
dbing gbdd to the iiatire§, and ds liaving; lAide 
great proficiency iii the oriental latigudg^, so 
'^ ai< to be able irt three n\bhths time to prebch in 
'' the Mafabar fengua^fe.*' 

In the account fbl^ 17T9, Mr; Gerick6 ihchtibn* 
fcis rettlrri frcrtn a jidumey along Ihe s^ codst, 
during \thich he '' weht half a day's jou1rh«y in- 
^' land to a place daH^d Tirukkodikuiitidnv 
^' where there is a vast number of Bitirhihs nMin- 
^^ tallied by the incbrtle of tlie great Pigodtt that 


^ w iliere. ^lie Pagoda lies heUieefi two ifiiills, 
^ lipori tfee top of the highest of whicK is built 
" another to which there is ah easy asceni of 
'^ broad and regular steps of free-stone, which 
" half wa^ up the hift branches out into two, for 
'^ the coiivenience of going up by the one and 
'^ going down by the otlier, in order to accommo- 
'^ (&!te the greaif crowds of peoplie that came U> 
* worship there on a stated day every year, viZi 
'' at the fult of tlie nioon in November. It Was 
^y with difficulty that he was permitted! by the 
** firamin to go up flie hiD. l?^et when he came 
'' to talk to them, and to' tell them wliW£ he 
•J thought of this, and all their celebrated place% 
'' pagodas^ rivers, images, deities> and wha.t tliey 
**^ in reason ougnt to think of thim, and* v^hat 
'^ they would think of them if tliey inclined tneir 
•* heart to hear and attend to the Gofepfet oif 
'^ Christ, which he was come into that country to 
^^ preach among them ; wherein the most high 
^^ God had revealed his Glory, his Divine per- 
'' fectfoh, will, and worts, and taUght them what 
^^ to think of the sun, moon, stars, and the rest 
•^^ of the visible Creation, which they in their ig-^ 
'^ norance of the true trod!, looked u!pon as so 
^*' mistny deities, whilst they were the works of the 
*'' great and living God. When I came, says he^ 
^' to talk to fhem of these thingp^ they rqoiced^ 
*"' they behaved civilly, they commended me 
^ greatly, applauded Aiy aoctrine, and sa]id they 



^* would gladly embrace it if all the nation wooU 
'' embrace it with them^ and provide a liveli- 
'' hood for them." 

As to his daily business, Mr. Gericke says he 

employs his time in the following manner; 

/' from eight to nine o'clock he catechizes in the 

'^ English school, and from ten to ele%^en in the 

^' Malabar school. In the afternoon, from three 

*' till seven, he generally goes out to v&it the 

^' sick, to remind the Malabar Christians of what 

'' they have heard at Church, and to talk with 

•' such Heathens b$ he meets with. When it 

'* happens that he passes near the hospital, he 

'^ generally goes in to visit the sick soldiers. 

*' In the evening, from seven to eight, he ex- 

*' pounds a portion of the New Testament m 

*' the Malabar school, when, beside some of the 

'* biggest children, the catechists, and those that 

^' live near the Church, attend. After this, the 

*' catechists relate what conferences they have 

" have had with the Heathen ; what objections 

" they have answered^ and how they have 

" answered them ; and what in the course of the 

'' day has fiBilIen under their observation, that in 

*' any respect concerns the Mission. Tliis give* 

'* him daily opportunity lo instruct them in, and 

'' exhort them fo their duty. Tlie rest of lu» 

•* time he employs in visiting the schools whiclir 

«' are near to his house, in corresponding witli 

V bia friends, in the study of languages, and in 





^oUecting materials for his discourses^ and 
in writing down almost every sermon he 
preaches^ both in English and Malabar^ dic- 
^ tating sometimes the former to the English 
'^ schoolmaster^ the latter to the Malabar school- 
^^ master^ which serves both his convj&nience and 
*' their advantage." 

In another Letter Mr. Gcricke reports, that 
last year he baptized S3 children, and seven adult 
persons. There were, says he, '' some mora 
^' that began to attend the instructions, but 
proved unfit for being received as members 
of the Church. Fourteen had died, among 
^' whom he could not help taking notice of a 
" young man, who two years before turned 
^' Chriattan, forsaking his relations, who live in 
a village five miles from Cuddalore, to whom 
he did not return, for fear of being perverted 
among them, though much solicited by them, 
•^ both before and in his last illness.'* 

From Tirutchinapally Mr. Swartiz observes, 
that '^ the garrison at Tanjorc, beii\g numer- 
'' ous, he had iiddressed the governor andf 
*' ^council at Madras, in respect to the building 
^f a Church, in which Divine service might 
be performed in a proper and decent manner. 
They immediately favoured his proposal, not 
only with their public sanction but with their 
^ subscription likewise. The foundatioa had 
^ bi^n dug, and General jVfuono had kindly prQ« 





Ii/Lt. ^ifwrtz olwervfes^ thst ftmpngpt the ^' Ijf^- 
tibi^ ai Tirutchiuap^Ly ai)d T'anjore^ are 9»ny 
lhou3aAds eveo wxqns the Bramins lyho cpn*' 

V ^ t^?t Jh^ir idolatry isa yain fu^ ^nfol iLLing; 
^ and that nothing but fear kee^ theni at pre< 
if tent &9111 emb. acing' the Ci^iistjgf) Il^^n. 

ii'xiU^^jXQ hoped that this convictJiQn will Qmr 
bolden tl^em on^ day or pther to shake off Vast 

V jp^iiouif jsj^ry itu^ of sin and ^atfin. ^e saysj 
^1^ there hardly passeth a dfiy iqi )vi)iic|i Q^< 

*S (oins dp no( visU hif J^quae at Tapjpre, that 
they hfBsfir atteji)tiv«ly TV'ljat is said to ^hpjj), ^lat 

V th?iy ffpqi^gntly ^§ up ^ Ijpok ii) wh|f^ ^he 
doptrini? of HiePlpfwtWn ?^M«iftn V ?«tepd, 
an^ iixat tjj^y pr^ tbp dpcltrine ajf a 4>wne 

^ Wf. A Brainjn b.?ipg asked whfjit Ije )«<iiad 
00^ -jE^ly^ l^PPO/ whejLher l^e iqte^de^ to 

^' stifle his cppvictiop^ or ifhethgr he injt^p|}ed 
^ r^l^i^e \^ divine doftrmp, and to prp^ 

V % lepUed t|iat \^f cquI4 not d<^ny th^ con^ic^ 
*f l^n 1^ h^^d receiye4, fai4 ^t acco^ngty he 
t' 1^ f^un^ fKtfqu^ of \afi acqu»iwtaa£§, but tfiat 
ff |h<^ 9U ip^ist^ ufioq )hp U)^ M top ^cuk 

ftnd .<^ngpF$)i» qn asf^uQt pf (lis gn^ ^^lober 

ftf t))|^ Bf^feggprf <}f i^tojafry. Fpir my piirt, 

V mnittPHefi |fy Sirofl^^ I ept^rtain a pi|«fii^ 

V ^8(5 (3|fffi»ng beftprdays, at^fl^^rfifQF^I^ce 











" iary dpctrine of CUriai, jTceqyendy calling to nay 
" mind that there is a i\m^ of fowin^ ji^i^edin? 
" tjia^ .<^f f eapjag. A' TirV^cJii^pally, gjij^ he^ 

** \f? \i^^ ,8Md\end 4i\e #y jviJili) bjjW^ ^J>er, 

'' At Taiypije I hJ^ye inj^r^nced t}^ 8»fne.M|^/n ; 

feew pjresewt obsery i^g oj^ rs^^ing t^e Wp**} 
pf (5r9d, .o:?r singing ^n^ JK=^ii[t^- } »«y«r 

smy Qf ojir liolea?}^ ftpt« of varsliuf /' 

y^t wl*<|i we re|ec$, p%y jjhpy, (^ tl}^«pqnltir 
m^ fSQ #^r^ frpip ^i»y iii[i tmjf:9^ ; q» ^l» 

« ptl^er i]^D«^ii9|(9t{i ^|h(p|>roip)i)g||yi|(»G|(the 
^' .Gospel ^n ^^ f^ein, ^« ^nif^ f^|^ jtp jffffft^w 

S(t \be §erwn /go? J[7§J, co^ffm ^9tf^ f!»» 







stating an encrease of 22 Heathens^ and 12 Ro« 
man Catholics, together 44 children born and 
baptized. '' They write that among those who 
^^ had left the communion of the Church of Rom? 
was a Bramln, called Vcdaundayah^ whose 
native place was several days journey distant 
from Madras in the country. This man by be- 
coming acquainted some yeiirs ago with the 
Catechist Tasanaick at Vellore, had got an in- 
sight into the superstition and false doctrines of 
'' the Romish Church, which he mentioned to one 
'^ of the Missionaries to whom he declare^l his in- 
clination to become a Protestant. They heard 
nothing of him for three years on account of 
'^ his residence being at so great a distance. At 
'' length he came to Madras with his wfe and 
three children, the youngest of whom was bap- 
tized by one of the Missionaries. During his 
stay at Madras he affbrded great assistance to 
^' several' sick persons by his skill in medicine, and 
*' he mentioned that a certain Poligar in the 
country beyond Vellore, esteemed him much 
for his knowledge in physic, and maintained 
** him and his family, and therefore he meant to 
" go and live there till an opportunity offered of 
-^^ returning to Madras. He promised to remain 
*' faithful to God and his Saviour, and to make 
" 4he true Christian 'doctrine known to others as 
i ^ much as possible. He and his family accord- 

\ '' ly took leave of the Missionaries who at the time 

f of their writmg this, which was some monthf 


*' after his departure, had received no intelligeiice 
^' of him. 


The Missionaries mention, with the greatest 
concern, Hyder Aly's invasion of the Car* 
*^ natic, which liad caused the greatest confusion 
*^ and disorder imaginable, and although they 
*' themselves continued al Vcpery, yet many 
'^ of their congregation had retired to Sadras, 
*' Pondicherry, Cuddalore, Tranquebar and Ma- 
^' dras. They inform the Society, likewise, of 
^^ the death of their dear friend, Mrs. Isabella 
*' Croke, of Port St. George, who has be- 
'' qucathed one hundred and fifty pagodas to be 
*" laid out on interest, and has directed the in- 


terest to be employed for the benefit of the 
poor and widows in the missions, and for dia* 

*' tributing religious books. 


ISIr. Fabriclus and Breithaupt have trans* 
mitted to the Society a Copy taken from the 
Journals they keep of some of their religious 
discourses with the Heathens, which it may 
not be improper to add to this account. 
" Not far from Vepery, in a chouldry, (or open 
building for travellers^) one of us addressed 
himself to the Heathens that were present, 
and said, ' I can see that you are people, who 
^' do not know the true God, because the marks 
*' on your forehead shew, that some of you tre 
'* worsln'ppers of Vustnoo, and others of Siven. 
^^ But your worshipping them as Gods is a great 


worship is to be paid^ must have diviae a^ri^ 
\kv^, ftpd bp ^I-^Lwwiag, ^W^^^ if^i na^t 
byly. VjijstuoD, ^iyep, and others^ yo^i wpr^ 
^Ip fi» Gods, ftriD <j[ifijte d^jstiti^ic f)i §fich stttrl- 
b)it^. The l^tories wbic^i ypu haye jt^uoern* 
u^g tf^m among yoy^ «hcw tbd^ they were igr 
fi^ra>n^^ ^eak ^nd pnholy^ wd ^ayemed hy 
(be ^]u^t jof ttie ^eah^ the l^st qf the eye«, 
a^d tbe pridp of iile/ ^ it not then pn^ of 
the fpcq^i^t pw for yq^i to p?y diyine yvqrujiip 
to ^uch^ aijd to th^ir io^agqs ? Let me tell ya« 
^boxp yi)i; ipwt pdorp and worship, namely, 
" fl^ilB^ other but ypur IV^^^er, by >vhoj5e f^opiy 
*' pe^ f yau Jive, noioye, ^nd hp.vp your btein^/ 
^ ^^j4^ Ijuin there ip i^o other (Sod/ One 
of the Heathens ^v^^yg^treji. fgoi^ s^id, ' Him 
:fji« represent j^ oi^rseives in our mind, when 
|¥^ ^pE^^p thi^ l^o\s ; because;, wjlip has eyer 
^n fiim ?' The Mi^siqnary Bai(|^ ^ hut tell nv» 
:y^hf^ refore^i^tfUion of the ^|Q8t High c^n you 
make \q yAurf»elyes in y<Nar.miu4^ >vhen yoii 
Iftplf. p^ fu^ Mp^^ ^^ ^P^ mpdt by men's 
f^' ^a9^4 ^l)i<^ '^9'Y^ ^ 1^*^ ^9 M^^ni ? Is thpm 
n a,Qy l^kene^^ |o \^e foun^ between yo^ iiqa^ea 
15 ^d tl^e giving God? CJoucer^i^g your qjijbesr 
K IaWj ^ho b^ £f 61* s^^n him ? You must knpw, 
ith§t yve cannot see God in this Hfe with pur 
)y^ily eye^, because be if ^ Spirit. But if 
^' if^ PWk ^V^?.yf^i sQTv^ him iu hyliness imtft 





^s the ai)^ of y(^ life^ 83 obedient chi|4>^^> yo« 
.'^ ij^jU hay^ tiip h^pii^is^ of 3€»eiiig him in tlm 
ff j^U^rp }ife e^fj^ly. But although .^i president 

'" W? /WP PW ^?fi l^ip*^ ^*® ^^ mskA^ himself $uf- 
f ' i)cie)^y kupjiya to ^ by the works qf creation^ 
/^ whif b Tj^ ^yp l^^fwjp our eyes. l«pqk, I pfay 
5f ygiL iw 4!j^ bojWPiJ, *c sun, moon ^nd 9j^ : 
f ' I^Qilk ftn t^ #arth, and the things tM: j^re 
^' U|io|i i^ iSFf^y cre^efl beii)g gi^e^ witness of 
f ' Uie Qiftiupcjit^np^^ A^'isdom, and gqodness of the 
f ^ Most Hi|jh, by w^pnfi it ip piade and pre^enr/ed. 
Besides this^ he has more qearly and u(iti« 
ipatisiy m^Ol^ed )iimf(elf to mankind^ by his 
hfiXji 2^}^ wiJiefi \Yot4- I» it he Ijas q^ite 
clearly made known to us his will^ sn^d tljf if ay 
« U> .t»wi to hip, &fi4 te dj|^>y near to ^iip^ and 
(^ the manner hQHr U> s^n^e him, ai\d ^d|9 %h% 
ff bapB^i^^ Q^ tltfwp ^^t SPrye hiw in tfujhj 
f' ftae rf th* Ifeathe:ns repjieyd /9pd g^^^ ' ij^ut 
V; ure b^y^ npt b^i§ wprd ; hpw can we fcvip^ bis 
^? WJll^ ftn4 ^he Tvay to eeryp hyim?' T^ W&- 
ff $imm ^vm^t^ anfj s^j^ ' I ^^^ yojj ^ve 
'-' tt^ yQt ^n ^arn^ d^}i» tq J^ijj;^^^' t|iis. ]^^a 
f/ urbile, } )viji giv,e ypH a |itt)|^ bjK^t, iu ^h, 
5f if yft^ ;«aj) it, y^u wijl ftnd >^ jj© ^ir^f to 
^f Hnaw> PDfl wl^jt ypji ^re Jo belieye .9f)4 Jp .<lo, 
ff If yw iJeftite J«s*r W^l^rp, yj^ ;niigt f^ 
I? begin U> prgy t^ <^d ypur Mafc:^r, ^r}\q is 
^5 present w^ Yfk^^, which ypp cau dp ii; ^he 








God, maker and ruler of the world, an Euro- 
pean has told me, that those we have hitherto 
worshipped, are no jyods, and that Thon onFy 
" art the true God. I hare, instead of knowing^ 
'* Thee, O God, and adoring Thee, worshipped 
•^ useless Idols: Have mercy upon me, forgive 
'^ mc this great sin, and all my other transgres* 
^ sions against Thee. Take away from me my 
blindness, and enligliten me> that I may know 
Thee, and the way in which I ought to walk 
^ to please Thee, and to be made partaker of 
** eternal salvation. 

" After they had heard this good advice, they 
*^ were warned not to remain indififerent to these 
*' saving truths. 

Near Keerpawk the same Missionary met 
one day with some Heathens, and said to 
them, ' Stop a little, I pray, I will tell you 
something of God, whom you do not know* 
He is an eternal, unchangeable, almighty and 
all-knowing Spirit, of infinite wisdom, hoIi< 
^* ness, justice, mercy and goodness. He is the 
^ maker, preserver and ruler of all things. 
'^ Never has there been, nor will there be any 
^ other Grod besides Him. » Him alone you must 
*' acknowledge to be your God, and believe in 
^ Him: Him you must fear, love, honour and 
^ serve. It is He who has given you soul and 
** body; it is He who preserves your life and 
^ heakh, who keeps you day and nigti^J; safe firoa 







*• «vn> and from Him comes all the good whicb 
you enjoy : and it is He, and He alone, who 
-can give you eternal bliss* Abandon your 
fidse gods, and tuin to Him. Do not serve any 
longer the Devil, who is the author of all ido- 
latry : come and devote yourselves to the living 

^' God as obedient children and servants : then 

*' you shall not perish, but be saved. 

After they had heard these instructibns with 
attention, he offered a little Treatise to one of 
them, who was a Conicaply, which he ac- 
cepted with much pohteness aud tliauks* 

In another place one of us related to the 
Heathens who came and sat by him, how Gocl 
had created our first parents, Adam and Eve, 
in bis own image, and how they had very soon 
permitted themselves to be deceived by the 
Devil, and had transgressed the divine com- , 
mandmeut by disobedience, and thereby lost 
the Divine Image, and brought upon them- 
selves spiritual and corporal misery ; and that 

*^ after the fall of the first parents every descendr 
ant of theirs brings a sinful and corrupt nar 
ture with him into the world, and being guilty 

^' pf innumerable transgressiotis in thoughl; 

** word and deed, makes himself liable to tem- 
poral and everlasting punishment^ which God 
threatens in his holy Word. 
'' But after this the Missionary related to them 

/' also the ,glad tidings contained in the Gospe]|» 










not ortly pMrtils'e'd W tW firet 

S Iterfe^^fer 4iid SaVioiir, but 
lim into tSc \i'oMy afirf Mt God 
'e to niaiitcind ^arftcs(fy tiesires 
iner mlglit embraro tmS ^cat 

fa'i(^, aii(T b6' savecT, tiecS'usc 
our of alt riicri, 4iVcitaitifc (otfeek 
)4t Sinfifc'rS. 

il^atftcii^ AesirM bt (fi6 Mis- 
e book, whirti waa given fiira 
lition ^6 read M dilii^'cntty, and 
constder the doctrines cofitamed 

ie 6ri6 of us ImVing IVaa ^ dis- 
e ttcatftefi^ hi 1'&sa.-tfvcf6^j ^aw 
ffaf off in a vHlaj^e irtWafeMett" by 
ople i*h1cfi dig tdnk^, art'd V\'-brk 
rtibhs) arftfr a r'rting imdlte (hat 
eii' fittfe Vtier^ afl on ftr^V But 
6 toMnd tlnrt ^tt tKC iA'ftabit^nts 
^nVgi a Ai(irtficfe totlitiV goddess, 
hoW they c/it6i^iiV tea otitrtton, 
p6^ h iifflicted by ftier. Many 
vCrt iipttfr ri^d ^ii-, fin'd (rthcrs 
bited. A rtuirib<?r 6f sA'^tfp w'ere 
artd t^t^e' yiiing;' liilrfall^fi' also, 
arri^d b^ t1i6' lii'e'iV roUnrf alibut 
h CymBalS a'Ad milbid. S6m6 of 
ied what tfaff H\e ittdtter; said, 
id MiAfiuandi'^ fliiv lac^iftctf to 




* ta be ofrerfed to het, fhreafdnlft^ tkf other- 
" wisie i(hfe woiild kill them all. Thfe' Missioriarj 
" represented to tfeeffl how misefttbiy tHey were 
"* deceived by the Ofevil, snd told ftleW that the 
" Silvan ^bx ttreur an tiiiiV(irdal diggaid dl'sd in 
''' feurdj^e, where" tlie ^eijple ktte'W hothin*" of 
^ ^ueil ft reputed ^6dde&, iind i^he^ed them 
" t1ast iheir not f^ririg atid WoMrip{>in^ 6od 
'' their Ufakef, biit the Afarttey, arid by lifef the 
^ Devil hifflig^lf, Wai the ^^atest sitt and: folly. 

" The MifldidridTy reprehended pttrticiilarly 
one among the said Heathens, wHo^ he fthfew, 
*" and Wifli Whbift he fiad Sever*! tltae^ before 
" converted, fBr hi* joining thfe othei- cKWded 
'' ^edpte in th^ir idolatry. Me aftid ^t ^fza 
** 6nMi aMy by iheir miiltitiidd." 
*' iPiiotp dalcdtta Mr. liicWldhcfer itt«ttti«HS a* 

* cdhRidfeiW5ite increase of 6dflVferf4 fi«6«i t*«J»ery, 
'^ tod dito tjf GieHgitl^es arfrd Mttidflfefknl 

. '' Urt fteV. Mr. S^frkrti h^fotm tWfeSo'cretjr 
" that he had enjoyed a pel^e'di ktiti of H^ltb^ 
^'* dud i^hd ntift b'(^M hfnder&d ill hid %hcd6n by 
»*■ ahy Scktlfe*. Thtf fcdttedhistJf arid sdHool- 
*' nttfiteii* VriVe dH alive, aW fe<ifc6Mrrig fo (he 

» b*tt Of fhiii' atoitied afehrtfed hitft in ^^^&6frlng 

'' «fe WdM or Cf6d. T<r hi&fefe k-hOWrt tihto 
^' O^niifeff and Christlafti ihe ^y Adt teadfeth 
*■' iiiftd life hdSr beeii itty sHttt, ^ys Rty. Swdftz, 
'"' ixA thai hlost Jrtportaift btifein^Sk f hftVe phr- 
*^ AtM throngh iKd laftt'y&f, atrtf, I hope, hot 


^' without fiuccess. Besides tbis fir^t and- most 
^^ essential wgrk;, 1 have been occupied in erect- 
^ ing tw:o houses for iJivine worship, 

'^ In my last letter I intention of 
•' building a Church at Tanjore.,fur the benefit 
^^ of the garrison. Several obstacles retarded 
the execution of the desig)!^^ But. in the 
month of March lastycar> the work was begun « 
*^ As General Munro was h^r^^ he . wa^,. pleased 
^^ to lay the first stone. The garrison was 9s^ 
'^ sembled^ and a short sermon was preached an 
'* Psalm Ixyii. . . 

'^ The builduig was to be carried on by sub- . 
'' scription. But finding the sum subscribed in- 
sufficient^ I /addressed ^he honourable . Bp^ 
at Madras^ representing our inability to fiaisli • 
the building with the , money subscribed for 
that purpose^ and requesting them.,t9 ^j^t us 
^' with bricks and lime, bopiqg, that the moijey 
\^ we bad would suffice to ^Q^'ay the other er- 
^' pences of the work- 

^^ General Munro kindly undertook to plead • 
^^ in our favour. Afler som^ time he desired, me 
to come with all possible speed to ]Madi*as. At 
my arrival Governor Rumbold told me that my 
request should be granted ; the other . gen* 
*' tlemen assured me of the same. Here 1 was 


'^ acquainted with the purpose for which I was 
^' i;alled before the Presidency. The Govenior 
^ told me, that they wished to preserve peace 






WUh Hyder Ally ; but as be enter&ined somfe 
mistaken notions^ and evil people endeayonred 
" to confirm him in those bad ideas^ the honour- 
" able Board desired 1 would take a journey ti> 
" Seringapatnam irt a private manner^ and Un- 
deceive him by a fair declaration of their pa- 
cific sentiments; particularly as I, from my 
'' knowledge of the Morish language could con- 
verse with hirti without the help of an inter- 
preter. The novelty of the proposal^ con- 
tinues he, surprised me at first; for which 
reason I begged some time to consider it; At 
last I accepted of the offer, because by doing 
so, I hoped to prevent evil, and to promo tfe 
'' the welfare off the country. I thought als6 
*^ that I could thereby give some small proof of 
** the gratitude which I owe to the Honourable 
'' Board for many favours, which they havfe 
bestowed on me during my residence at Ti- 
rutchinapally : besides I saw that I should 
have an opportunity of conversing with many 
people about the things of God, who perhaps 
never had heard a word concerning God and ^ 
" Redeemer. 
• " I spent three months in Hyder Ally Khan '4 
country. I found Englishmen here, Germans, 
Portugueze, and even some of the Malabal* 
people whom I had instructed at 'Tirutchina- 
" pally.. To find them in ' that country wad 
" painful; but to renew some part of the in^ 






**^ very eomfoj^ble. A (eut ww pitched on the 
^ giMis of tj»e fort, wherein divine aervioe >va» 
^^ peffwmfd without the lea^ impediment, 

Hyclei^ Ally gave a pl^in ^awer to all the 
questiofts \ y(W. ord^ed to put to him ; so that 
'^ the HkoQOuirabk Boiurd at Madras received that 

'^ bi&n»aliw <^«y desiyed. 

ISfi'mg tqld that th« goveimor^ W\x Tbopm 
Ban[^QU^ tfitsudedt to pfociir^ me a j^raaeRt 
^^G)«i t|ie Boards 1 bagged kave to 4ectine 
'* ac^ept^ti^ wy, 4^1ctfing that if my jonrnay 
<' h^ l^eip^ any way. h^efieial to the. pxiblic, I 
*^ PfJ^if qA ^ the ofip<]^ftWH(y. I sig»i£e^ at the 
*^ lapjia MdM tfiat it waidd make me very hsqp^, 
" ^ thf HeiHOVpable Boc^d wovid allovr to my 
** ^Ite^^^/e M Tiraiehifiapaily the saaie yearly 
<^ pre««iit tkey h^d gwi^a^ ^ etie^ heipg eonvuiced 
"^ that he w^iri^ ipe it far tii^ bfn^lH of tli^e school 
^ mi tie. Qitftii4e»aace of nome cateclMts. This 
^ my T«^«at/vfat gnaiiiSpd. Mr. PeWe raaeiv#» 
'^ «t. Tif«NQbi3^a:% yearly a him^d pMaub 
^ lii^Qlmg. as I dp h^fe^ al T^niei^. By whiak 

'' means we are enabled to maintain ia holii 
^ pto>f e« MtKK)h»a^(if^» tmdk oateehists. 
*^ One c«««i»staace r^tiv^ tp: my jsauRaAy- 1 
bi^g li^cfy to addv Whan I took b^ji l^iw 
q£ ^yder A][Iy^ he pr^sieQted me witJl^ a^ bag 
<' <i^f rnqps^et fer the ^^jk^pQe c^ py jonjneyt 
^^ SlilhByi«c^bei»}i6|f«Mri^ wHI^Mf i?ftiWiW» 

*' tiy them. As ihey tftg^ tntf to tttke «, I de- 
*' sired their penrtwsibn to appoint 'thii^ siwi, ag 
•^ the first fund 70)1* an fingfish cHkrtty-nchool at 
•• Tftnjofe, hoping that some ehaiftable people 
•* wotrld increase thit sitidB ftlfid consisting- of 
•*' tMree hundred rupees/ General -. M ttnro pro- 
^ mised to fecommend the plan'tof the ^(^ntlemea 
•* of the stettlement.** 

In the account for ITSl^ Mr. Breithanpt in the 
letter^ fipom Madras, tnentirtns the death of the 
Rev; Mr* Hutteman, which happened by an ift* 
hess of eleven' days continuance* * 

^^' The Danish Missionaries at Tranquebar 
**' state ati encreaseof iO'Frosdjrtes in the course 
^' of the year. Among the Heathens Baptized one, 
'^ had given purtrcular natisfaction by his exerfi- 
^' pfciry behaviour* 'Riey mention with coftcerrt 
•^ the detfth ot Mr. Ze^in; wha had been almost 
^ 40 years- m thesfefrvitc of the Mission, atld had 
^ dh ring that titne been to his brethren a valua* 
^* blcf and* worthyexatapie of patience, meekness^ 
^ keli^dehial and iaithfolne^s in the disch^r^ of 
• his'duty^nottfitttstandinghissiekly constitution* 

They had the misfortune ' to lose likewise a 

new Mi^ionaiy, Mr* Rulfeen; who died of an 
**' hiffammatory ffever in lestf than a month after 
'' his arrivd amongst them." 

hi the account fbr K8!8^ ^' the- Rev. Messrs. 
^ FU^rktesr and JBi«ithaupt Write from Madrafr^ 


'^ verging with the H^^th^nf, TJie^ Bmmia 
^' ^edaundayth mentioneil ii^ the account^ ^or 
^, 178Q came agpain to Madras to receive the holj^ 
''^ Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, when the 
. Missionaries repeated to him the instractions 
they had g*iven him before. They state aa en« 
^' carease of 31 converts and 97 children chris* 
tened. They mention with concern the death 
of Captain Isaac Manoury, wha had several 
r times given something to the Mission^ and ia 
*\ whom the poor have lost a kind bene&ctor ; 
*/ ahd likewise the death of a woman of the 
^^ jPortugueze congregation named Elizabeth 
f |-Iv.ris^ who bequeathed to the Mission a legacy 
5' of 70 pagodas/' 

; In a letter dated Calcutta 1782, Mr. Kiefnan*' 
der says, '' that Lady Coote was come from 
Ghyreity to Calcutta to make a month's stajr 
there^ and that she attended divine service ia 
the Mission Church,. and received the holj^ 
Sacrament on Easter Day« which she had 
done also the preceding year at the same time. 
^ A good exadnple lie says is attended with veiy 
'' happy influence, and gives great, encourage 
'^ ment to his congregations, and he has . tha 
*f pleasure to see the Missioa stiU prosper and 
^ improve." 

In the account for 1783, Mn Fahricius» of 
Madras meutioM with '\ very grnt concern tlMi 





•' cteath of hts dedr colite^^ ltfr.^Bf>^it)iivdp 
^ after a short but viofent ittness.'* ^^ : ♦ 

It appears t'lat the great^miAe had ^her 
iome intermission returned agaih^ and carried off 
inany thoiisandis. -" ' * " ^ 

'* The Reverend Mr. Swartz, in a letter from Ti- 
futchlnapaHy, says the last three years have been 
•years of sorrow and anxiety, not\fitbstiindln^ 
^- Av hich we have no reason at rfl !6 murmiii', 5r to 
'^ 'fthdfault with God's ways which ane ^erjastand 
^^ ecjtial ; and the judgements which have be&Heii 
*^W may perhaps be more conducive to the true 
*^' V^lfare of the" country than we conceive. This 
^' year 6od% fetherly goodness has preserved 
^ ikiA strehgthened us for his service. All the 
^ four catechists are alive, as is likewise the Ta- 
'^ hi u?ian schoolmaster. Besides theie five, I 
^ have takef^ two more upon trial who have been 
'^ edncated in the Mission school at Tranquebar ; 
^ both seem io be truly religious. Our congre- 
)f' gation had received -an encrease of upwajrds of 
*^ an'hiindred^' most of them it is apprehended 
^"Tiave'becn compelled by the &mine to come to 
^•^-tisT^'Tieverthcless I have given them the peees* 
•^^iry Instruction, Und- this for the sfl^ee of 
^ - several %ionths, during which i have iAbO pro* 
^* -tiired 'them some' previsioiftK'v The teiMshing 
'' them was attended with much difficult and 
^ fkthi^t oh aiftount orihe great decirease of 
*^*^eif ttftibd poweri/ Yet 1 could not per* 

'^ the will of Godtopntthe^^pow peppkioff> 
'\ muny #f < whom afterwardi di«d» ^ the ia« 
^ mine vk&8 «o ^rea^^ and of so kin^ Mntiau* 
^ ance^ those have been affected by it wiio •pemec^ 
'^ to b3 bayond its reaeh> a Tigoroiu and strong 
*^ BAan is scarcely to be met with, .In outwar4 
^' appearance men are like wandaring sk^etons. 
'^ When I r^turiiad from Seringapatnam^ I saw 
^ reason to apprehandian approaching w^r.: this 
^\ induced me to buy rice whilst it was ^t a low 
^' {Mrice^ which proved of great benefit to ouf 
^' eatecbists* Besides this God moved (he hearts 
'^^ some JBunopeans to send iQQ a. portion 
^^ monthly to diiltfibute amoag the peopi^ lyings 
'^ on the road^ by which means numbers of thena 
^ have bean saved froa^ perishing.. This baiie^ 
f ^ fisLCtion IS continued to this <j|ay> - ^ that 
^^ about a hundred and twenty persons ara 
^'constantly fed. When it 19 Qonsidered that 
^' Hydc^r Ai!y lias carried off so. many thousands 
^' of pjeiople^ sund that many thousaodef bavcdied 
^' for want^ it is not at aU surprizing to find not 
'^ enly empty houses^ but desolated villages ; a 
^f. mournful spectacle indeed V* 

From Tvanquebar the doath of Diego tbt 
Indian priest is mentioned. 

<' Tfaft Portuguese, school is stated t^jioonsist (^ 
^^ 4$ children : the Tamulian of IdO lioya an4 




"^hmttk Ai6 jrear enerettsed by SO; namely, 
^^ eleven adult Heathens^ two Papists^ and seveh- 
'* teen children. To the Tamnlian town coh- 

gregatkm 103 have . been added this year; 

namely, 13 Heathens^ and 90 chtidren. The 

country cong^^^tion has in the same tiitie 
'* received an encrease of 288 ; namely, 165 
'* Heathens, 10 Papists, and 35 children/* 

In the account for 1784, the Rev. Mr. Kiernan^ 
der in a letter from Cakutta acquaints the So- 
ciety that 'M7 adult persons df different casts, 
'' and 36 cblldpen had be^n christened. Th6 

Rev. Mr. Westrowe Hube, Olapbin to the 

late Cowmandef in Chief Sir B}'iie Goote, has 
'^ made the Mission a present of 500 Sicca fu- 
^ pees. Mf . Kiernander, has likewise presented 
'* 1000, and his *on Robert William Kiemandei- 
*' 3000 Siccfe rupees for the use of the Mfssi6n, 
'' whi^h sums ar€i placed at interest. Mr. James 
'' Prescott, a carpenter at Calcutta who con- 
^ stailfly irttends dtvine i^rtice ifi the Mission 
'* church hai given a nifW mA etegfitnt leading 
•* de«k/' 

Tte Rev. Mr. iilwartK wMkB friAn Ttfutshlii^* 
pftHy t\i%t the btt^ineis of the Mimofi had bdett 
duly tittendi^d to. OQt ^, s6ys h«y '' tonMlied 
* the b^ ^rt 0f tlie iff hiibifants of tbi o^inMry 
'^ Irho fitidted Mthei' t6 Mcft^d fk«f uarel^tin^ 
^ «rtieUy Of iht eAmiy. Daily iffk cMft«ft«d #ith 
^ ttMir ptf^loy 4isA iMA 10 ^6fiB«6 theift €f the 




^' vanity of their idols^ and to induce them to 
turn to the living Qod.. Tkey readily own the 
superior excellence of the Christians doctrine^ 
but remain in their deplorable errors for 
'^ various frivolous reasons. Those who have 
^' been instructed and received into the congre- 
*' gation consists of 78 Heathens and their cfaiU 
^' dren, 35 Roman Catholics^ and 3 children 
born of Christian parents^ amounting to 1 18. 
He adds it were to be wished that the country 
people having suffered near four years all man- 
ner of calamity w^ould consider the things 
which belong to the eternal welfiire^ for which 
my ^sistants pray and labour in conjunction 
^' with me. But though the fruit of our labour 
'^ has not hitherto answered our wishes^ still I 
f' am happy in being made an instrument of Pro- 
^' vidence to instruct some and to warn others^ 
^' Who knows but there may come a time when 
'^ others may reap what we are sowing." 

Mr. Pohle writes that '' on the 14th of May 
f^ he tnade a journey to Tranquebar, and in 
^' September to Tanjore, where he spent a few 
days with Mr. Swartz; He. say s^ he is very 
careful with regard to receiving both Heathens 
^' and Roman Catholics into the church. He has 
npthing to do wit;h people that want only to b« 
fed^ or that are unknown vagabonds. But 
such as are known^ and want to be Christit^j 
and aftef being received to eat the lalMwr of 





^ their »wn bands, Ihcm it would be unjust 
*^ to rejectj though they should want a Kttte 
'^ a)B8istance duFiiig the time of i:h^r preparation, 
^^ They -must 4ive from hand to m5uth, and it 
*^ would be cruel not to* assisrt them under pre- 
" tence of a supposed hypocrisy/ or lest it should 
'^'be looked upon as buying' Christ iahs formo^ 
/^ ney/' 

The Danish Misstotiaries at Tranquebar men- 
tion that ^' they take the greatest care not only 
to prevent those from entering into* the church 
who are suspected of having false views, but 
^^ also to accustom their school children from 
their youth, to become true servants lo God, 
and useful members of the community. For 
this purpose they have made some new reg-u« 
lations respecting their preparations in which 
they received no one who does not either pro^ 
^^ cure his own subsistence, or work after he has 
'^ been instructed for some hours, for which they 
^' pay him either in rice or money the same as if 
^' he had laboured the whole day. 

'' The Society has received information that 
^' there is a considerable number of chiMren 
f born annually in the British settlements in the 
^' East Indies of fathers who are Europeans, and 
*f mothers who are natives. That of this descrip- 
'' -tioii there are born -annually not less than one 
^' thousand in the proyiitce of Bengal^ not . less 
V, (^ wftn tmndred ^\ Mi^dras^ and on th^ 





^ cbost of Coromandel^ and a t)roportiona1»te 
^ aamber at Bombay and Bencooien ; that the 
" Others of these duMren being usaally soldiers, 
sailors, and the lower order of people too often 
neglect their offsprings and suffer them to 
follow thfe cast of their mothers ; that the chil- 
dren are not only lost to jChristianity^ but to 
the society of which they are bom members, 
and from neglect in their infancy at ten or 
" twelve years of age are mixed with the natives. 
" That on the contrary if a Christian education 
^ were bestowed upon them their manners, ha- 
bits, and affections would be English, theilf 
services of value in the capadty of soldiers, 
^' sailors, and servants^ and a considerable benefit 
** would accrue to the British interests in India, 
resulting finally to the advantage of this king- 
dom and tending to give statnlity to the settle- 
ments. Induced by these motives the Society 
^* has voted asum of .^'dO to be paid as an annua 
^ stipend as soon as a proper pei%on can be 
'* established for instructing the children bom iti 
^ the settlement of Madras : but sufficiently sen- 
sible as they are how inadequate this sum is td 
the object, they offer it only as a testimony of 
•^ their disposition to so pious a work, and la* 
" nmt theif inabflity of engaging farther in it. 
•* If hMiever these reasofm rtioirtd have weight 
^ witk the public, they wiD be happy to receive 
^ contribQlioiii i» thig espeeiied purpose, and to 




fi^nrard the deiign le the ntiiiott of their 
ability. The reaton wfatcfa has indaced the 
Society to fmot out Madras aa -the ol^lect of 
^' their attentioD^ is because there is an establish^ 
^* ment already formed in Bengal for the ckil« 
** dren of the military^ supported by a general 
'' contribution of the officers^ who have sub-* 
jecled themselves to a voluntary stoppage on 
their pay for that benevolent purpose* In tht^ 
seminary there are already a considerable nuni^ 
^^ ber of Officers orphans^ on a superior plan. 
^' and three hundred of the inferiok* aort. Happy 
'' would it be^ if, from a beiginning so auspicious 
^* similar institutions could be extended to Ma^ 
^^ draSj Bombay, and Bencoolen^ 

In the account for 17S5, in letters froia 
Madras, Mr* Fabric ms observes that *' no good 
opportunity is omitted by me^ to maka 
Heathens, or other pec^le ui the darkj sen^ 
^' sible of their bad way, and to lay the prin^ 
ciples of the Christian and true r^ligion^ and 
the glorious Gosjpel of Jesus Christy befora 
tb4^m, — And has there has been printed hera 
'* a Malabar Letter to the Heathens, (whereof 
'^ { beg leave to present hereby a few copie% 
*' . and its £n^ic^ translation to the Honounibk 
^' SocieM^,) 1 have given some of the said letteii 
'' into the hands of two of the catecbisia, whi> 
'^ sedi opportunities to read thsm^ her^ and 
^ thNi^ bfifiNre the Heathau^ 



'^ As a coitimunlcation of the mode of addrew/ 
used by the Society's Missionaries to the Hea* 
then^ cannot but be generally satisfactory^ 
it IS thought proper to publish^ at large^ Mj*. 


^' Translation of a printed Letter of the English 
'^ Missionaries y at Madras^ to those of the 
" Malabar Nation. 

• ** The Missionaries^ who, as servants of God, 
faithfully point out the way, by which we may 
escape the just punishments of the Almighty, 
'' the future Judge of the world, and obtain for- 
'^ giveness of sin, and bliss in heaven, heartily 
'* wish to the inhabitants of this ccuntry, their 
*' friends, the grace of God, and that they may 
^ be made partakers of everlasting happiness. 

'^ Look on this letter, we pray, as on a token 
*' of grekt friendship and regard tovmrds you ; 
'* because, to shew one the way to escape a great 
'' unhappiness, and to be made truly happy, is 
*' sincere love and affection. — What we have to 
" say to you, is this. — You know that there is one 
•' supreme Being, the Lord of the whole uni- 
'* verse, yet you name the names of many other 
^ gods and goddesses, and instead of worship^ 
*' ing him, or of seeking means to know^ him, 
•• you bow down to them, and worship them,— 
[* But yoii ought well to consider wheth^ whitt 


, 237 

^ y<Hl do i» rights and whether it will make yotr 
^' lucky or unlucky ; find whether there are any 
^' such gods and goddesses existing ; or whether 
'' it is but a false imagination of yours^ and st 
*^ delusion of the Devil^ the author of all de-^ 
ceits and lies^ whereby he leads people in the 
way to hell : — you ougt;t to consider all this, 
'^ because^ if in so important a matter you ar€ 
'^ deceived, what wiU be the consequence ? 

'^ Consider that the Lord God^ who is the 
" maker and.preserver of heaven and earth, and 
*' of all that in them isi and who gives to every 
living creature its food, has bestowed very 
eminent gifts upon men, and promises to such 
as obey him, like dutiful children, to be thehr 
gracious Giod, and heavenly Father^ and to 
give them everlasting bliss in lieaven. — When 
^' now men, not respecting the most high and 
gracious God^ from whom alone they have 
their being and subsistence, turn to other 
gods, and go after them, do they not commit 
thereby the greatest injustice and treachery ?-^ 
*^ Remember, with fear, what God will do to 
'^ such, hereafter, on the great day of judgment: 
" -—Because, if the crime which a man comt^ 
'\ mitteth against another man, who is his fellow- 
^ creature, is punished, how much severer wiU 
the treachery against God be punished ! — Yoii 
aie very cautious and circumspect that you 
I' oiffer no loss iuyour temporal trade and estate; 






^ Vtffc ^y «^ yak m eadaelf carcleti in the 
^ natter of the highest iMpDytouiee P— The foss^ 
^ trittBh by your idaiatoy yoa vrilt MflSsr^ itf not 
^ thfit Utt af wortiOy gofldi, or finbtlanee^ but 
^' the )oi» and dntmctioii of your omnaMinB, and 
'' eTertaoting «ng«iih and torment in tho other 
^' world.— Be tbcseibrft pradent^ turn ta God^ 
^ and seek hia mercy ; bexause^ filter deaths no 
'^ body vrA be bom again into thig work), M yotf 
^ p«hft|>9^ like many of your nation^ think. — 
* Tbe only time ftir yotor recanc^Mtion inih 
^ God, m tiiii your preseaft life« 

*' Von stty there are many gods ; but tfi aB 
*' mankind npon earth are Che oi&pring of one 
'^ father and mother^ whom God Ahaig(|hty orea^ 
'' ted, in tiie beginning, and ar« one Mood and 
^ kindred, haw can there be diflbperft god» to 
'^ flueh aiid mmh parts of aiankind^ as live hens 
^ aad there, iqwn earth ^^ 

^ Sin hoiMg bliiided aadl kstoxiGated* menll 
^ Biinds> they have le#t the Lonl^ who- aiade 
'^ them, and instead of wocshipping hiar^ they 
^ hare began to wonrhip^ sun, nioon^ stars, bnd^^ 
^ beasta, Ac creattnress and to bow down (b 
^*^ hnages; of gold and bnass, wood and sfeone^ 
f* made by themselves. — And, tob(dui€tts.o£hfd^ 
^' eommamfed by God, doth not pkase tbeh* 
^ aii^fiui and corrKpt natare, their ftntey^ makes 
^ them tldak that there aie aaab vmhed aiid 


^^ hsaritaiardsBtia^ mHiaf waatan poeli-'liave 


^ puinled t(> them in their &ble»^ wA aa do agree 
'' with tbeif viciws temper — JBkit such dt^ies 
^^ have never existed ; and how cap siich^ whose 
*^ lew^nfds and wickedness^ exceed that of lewd 
*^ and wielded men^ be gods to govern %nd jadge 
'^ the wovld ?---*Gaa a sbamaeless aad acaodaloM 
imm iippn ea^thj b^ thought a proper peison ' 
to goveira^ €Hie town only ? — Or will the ifth»- 
'^ hitiuits' of a town 9«^er one to live amongtt 
^' tliem> who i« niwaifestly guilty of such iiH 
*' famew aetion9 as youac books relate of yo«r 
^' gods ? — Ske how great is the deceit, by which 
^' the {>evil seek» to lead you to hetl. — Can there 
^ be any sin greats than that of wctrshipping 
'' in&iuotts being» aad devils^ instead, of the holy 
'^ afid r^hteous God^ who haUi made. u«^ and 
whi9^ ia our only Lord and ben^actor ? Dotili 
0elr ywv conscience telt you that the wor- 
flbippti^ of such god%. iAd the bowing down 
^ If id^« which never aee^ nor hear^ nor 
^' speali^ nor move^ i» aftbeccming men of 

" senaei^ 

'^ A beast hnowa bis owner^ by vriioin it n 
^^ fid ; but i£ a maa knowB not the Liord, by 
^ iiduna he is.* daily maintained^ bof gives ear to 
^ tint wood by which God hsyth revealed himself 
*^ te flPMKikind, uoc calls on him by prayera, 
^ bHl gnea after a vain thing that gives bin 
^ aotfiiiig; and calls it. God^ Iw i& certainly the 

daaeiirolaiuLiiiducky man^r-Bu* m Itn^ 



^ m yolK remain such Heatheilff^ the JJetii 
'' goveirnd and deludes you^ and inalces jou be- 
" lieve the greateflt untruths. 

^^ You ought to inform yourftelves of the hk-> 
" tory of the femous and learned nations of the 
" Romans and. Greeks, which in old time go^ 
verned very exteiisive countries^ and reflect 
upon their idolatry^ Which they ci^rried on a 
very long time, with great pomp and a^ach- 
ment. — The gods and goddesses which they 
worshipped, were Jupiter^ Juno, Mercorins^ 
*' Minerva, ApoUo, Diani^ Venus, Bacchotf^ 
'^ Pluto, and others. — Where arc flow Ihoae 
'^ gods which they worshipped so long a time^ 
'^ and with so a great a superstition ? — After the 
'^ Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour 
"of mankind^ whom God sent from heaveri, 
was preached and published^ all the worship 
paid with so great a pomp, in the said cottii- 
*^ tries, to those gods and goddesses, is so intirel^' 
'* gone and vanished, that even their names ar^ 
'^ ho more mentioned there. And where is noW, 
*^ in all the other Christian countries, the worship 
paid there, in old times of Paganism; to S 
many different gods ?— -If they had been go(fe> 
'^ how could their service and worship vanish 
away ?— But as all these things were nothing; 
but fables ,and vanity, nothing of them has re- 
mained.— It being then certain enough that 
I' they were not gods, would it not be a wan]t of 



'*«%emfm^m twit ^r'i^f«hrVeifi'f)o^ ftu: 
"^Wah, Wfiar, ^ifAAeyJfflSd'WTtere, who are. 
'•MWifAhlj^pea in th«">C<mfttry; aife gods and. 

■i>^mt ''TtSw'; dial- ffien^A/ftlAtt what we hav« 
**«f*tltef ' 4tf '% *ttr' ^'6il.l-THe ' eternal iod 
*• AlliiifWf<3ofl;^r IfcTCT'ferid Maker; "fi^m 
"• IrhdBir'ytJQ, as l«it« WaWreA, * sd ion^ a tfihe; 
" fai^fe gone-i^ftfky/ ctflb 'youVlR with" g&at 
"■rtiirejr fo^'Mni agalh, sayfng, Yeflfro, 'ye''de- 
" ^en^taite children,. I am the" Lord your CJod'; 
*" oh ! have no other gods besides me r w'hy'db 
" yyh IflUdifte' way that leadrf to pain and de^i^c* 
" Wfhf^ftkritnUnne, wid I wBf change ft>\ir 
" tjArajpt^atnre' by my Divine Bpirft, the BR>ly 
« CB«Mt.-i«W ! 1» obfeA^nt'tb thife dffrin^ &II; 
deeir fHends*; iKtcetuse- thou^If; j/bijcnrdlhg to 
iivine' justice, yon •ttiv*^' deserved,* "hy your 
*" i<in*; €<«rnal damnatidn, 'at{|[ nohe'of y6u ^n, 
** %y any means, make ati atonefneni iFor \i, ttiere 
*' S; by-Gofi'* mercy, tiiid by hirf' inerCy albhe] 
"a pertfecf goibd w4y, which Croif ' hitn8e1f,''by 
" hi»' goodness, haA inade, " and 'liy V^hifeh'^Jou 
** can be cfeftased from your llns, and' not 6hly 
^ escape the deserved pin^hmetits^ ' oiit uso 
**■ ^fMm^ God's beloved chUaren'" ' " ' , '•' " ' 
*0h! hear then, witV ku aft,enfi<Si/ith'g M 
** tidings of so glorious and naf>py a rede'rftp- 
*' <R»,'lflfected 'for youi'rfnd fo? -ill'lna^ikind. 
" i^Jmtke-n a SMeur/^o'tBTe^'awa^'th* 

R ' 




^ uMtiWSAi^ ^dr 'gtatitiiae Che iiti*piMkBbl« 

'^ tt^if <M^Oaidi;%i»r'# the hM JectffeChmt, 
^ whd«Hleib^\(C^lft3iVii^t)iai yottf sahation 
^^VWUflbM tfsft^riiildlif^W'tb ytmr sincere 
«>fi4Mik'^S6ltettfe/IMnibn «r'Ood/<dfe Lmi 
^ <^Miif, #01 tMHb'iif^ttF ft^ facftven, «l the 
«<'liM-dl^, witriV^igl^; "MM tlie d«id; tnct 
« jtidge Wtt &dlke tbU'li#^ fti^'t&U woiM, ind 

"'^iki^'tliettiilMfiiv^, ttkd<tB« dMMiiutble. 
^ 'ii^-lh^'lNttt^ffefeii'; «ttd 'M^Men, liiMi'^r'the 
«'«irli i*rttote-tM«li''Hfi0^lke torkkitd %d<'flt>m 
'n «lilii<wyiir%i(y«/ l^tff1» dHWiii 'hiib c^iitst- 

«* -i^mimka Who b^ilitf^ faf hiiii, lUMfiTirai a 
" holv l«e.<he> i*g»> ddt'hiii bM!<M^>ft«a'iiv to 




f*"h^ the Iciri^d^ plf(d^«^ tbir ^0a'»om the 
■"'YottidalWii oftilfe tvd«a.'*" *" ' • '^' '' 
:6tt»Ukt then' the! giift^ <iintf "exifi^eK^ of 
'm$ ^tAy'ttM and 'littr^ l^^ni^lie' not 
henc^Mh detieft^ fi^ !BiI^;%KkHi^^y' "but 
*» < M>j««!t fiktilkM, tMttaSKkekib^ *tnii!h.MCead; 
K« «Ad'e(it)illeefhiyiettei^Ti4(if^iitt^fii^'^^ 
« pmy htuably- t(»'!Ge«/iii'-«he 'iftame^f iesus 
« OliMt, ¥rild*lUrflfiaadft^aion«ilb^ 
** ciHite vroM, txy fer^ve yoa'iiyi ffiiMi injiiry; 
'^ >iVllidl by rM <kitoi4iiig^btM; ^Bii kt^ mad^ 
" yo«nfllT«» ^iiiltjr «ff? adtT'b^iiaVeti, \>y hu 


" l>*J>P»W*" . i ''t— :. • -. ii...V •:., •' ' ,i 

" Fobiipr^o )ig;.:j*?Si>, f.ini»H«aL.yev |M>UQmble 

'' at J T^flJQi-*^ .^^ ^if.Uci«biri3r .o€- «; rflair 

f .prajpise,. foif fr> . iwnifltfl Ac; interest, '.of 

^. ". jt)iujji|[ a,'jo|irae)r;to,Jj^^^{ir9>yae(wUr3V 

•'.wisi,;4oi,^V.ST»?«|z,.pf seejngi iphijoU sdfa* 
:', basiled in ^lvj#^«Wr^ltlkOTin«?» of.rfhft ^^mutry; . 
'J .obs^rjojij. thiH ,tjii?., English .jl^^f>g|iag«. s^ld 
'f bp.t^a^t.i^ ^dt.s(;l»opl^,,,io.pr9W>tiP-tl5< 
". welffiro,of th«(ie p^lp> .ii)i Uic^r spioti^lind 
." tcmponij cuuc!ert|$^i||it.tbc^€Q^;iexion .of. (lie 

" all doubt/ be faciiitftt^-^|ipt. it\son)i& .i^^ the 
''. [Hriuctp^- i)i|tivcs could lfu/ii;.th^ Eiigljsii Ian- 
" .g"US^'e, W finj. tolerable, dftgre?,.th«i^ ^ouldibe 
"., less . sjcpesgd .,to the.iippvsit^ M -cU^atiiig 
", d9|ia&lic^<-<und Uiai. if.lbf sjjiiiqplQiisKi^ew shjOfuM 
'*' Ix? i5fi9i*P<?^^. .*te^y .w¥«|Jt by .d<^re$§^ji^ipta 
•• ip]ta;4^.,n^iiid^ jpf Ih^fif. pwpU^ . Uie. «|v^ 
: do<;trM\J»jpC.>he Qoep^ — Tjy^ propiapal jvai 
l\igbly .agrcefible -to. Mr.; Sw^,. thoi^h> he 
f ' foresaw gj-cat difficulties in An (^xccutifi^ q£ the 
". plan.*— The want of schoo}ma8^i;s fit for wcii 

i- /. 




" d3iicu%>7r(k);hV(eiter^ tmstbif in C&dd, ft be- 
^ ginning^ymd *|[i1|de^.^— A JVIK • Wheattey. vaa 
^^ isei^L to»'- 9^91^ti£L^^U)am;-^nteJilw^ Were 

^-d ^hey \ireFe prapadtig for. Tiruaavally 

near PaHaoieoUai; ; ^^ . i 


fjord : ^fa(^IlUtfQr> tln^- Oawm^ «)id the 
jKabob^ ^|^ere K^e^tcquainted H^h the sitheinc^ 
{' ambhofth hig^hly a)ipvpved of it.. 

Th^ yO^u^ J^ioee <rf tU^ ]ShI«Hfa\va coaixtry 
promised to' pay JOjO rupees per diettth^ toward« 
y parrying; on* the deDipni; and tljlw^ i>f Siva^- 
*^' genga dkl the $am^.--rAfter\i^dr>f Mi'J J#hn 
/' SuDifan addf^ssed Ikimself to 'ibe Hing; cf 
/' Tapjore on' that £ub}ect, in iKc presence ef 
/•^ Mr* Swartz,-^The king consenfed to liave 
^ ^ttch ^ fichoQl established in or aear his* fprt^ 
" promising to pay, for that purposb^ 40 pa*; 
1^^ gOdas per month .—r>Mr. ^yllivan thea made 
J\ some armnge men tj appointing c£60 to a gchool- 
'/. master, cbnceiviag that with led$ he )vould not 
^' be able to maiutain himself, partieularl|r if he 
^' should have a femily. — ^\ Every^year/' c6i>- 
.^ tinnes Mr. SwartZy ^' the Missionwy at Taii^ 
^ jore'or TirutshinapaUy, must visit theieschocfls: 
'i* of course, the expences of stfch a joarney 
' must be defmyed from the fund ; and if some- 
t[ thh)g remain, as tve hope, some soIdier'« 
'^ ehiidren and orphans ghould be freely main* 


'^ keeiw kM iicottin^ 'ji> ib'^into gbt«mM^ an 

^ murn^d t(^ l!:i%Wtkir #f >lli« ilettdk '4^f fib 

^ llfiK B^(^«M« ' lii^^nfr 'KMl^Vtlil 'QAjl^ •alid 

'"*^^ii^''lA ^^'Hm'^^, «-*dMI^%-the 

u-.i.i n'.m vii i/i t-iilJ *i.''i ''ila .ill :•:•.:.// ::-j " 

r ..aJ 

* *x 

.:ffjjyp!»y.' |> pr B W |i .^'3ttK' 1f»|W«JWiP«^ *lf *^ 
• -^fz IWnMft; ,f«iar.|iF jnujiilifr, f (pi^illiijif sfcj^ilwii 

" «a*ifteed the 4ppdMimiUM ofvfWfcUjf ihe 
L'^ffr CloilKil to'•^:4eacMI^ionl.;af pcfffeM'^^icn.^ 

'jpi)>M« 'He, iia«r-,'Cii|trflv '» •built ^,f(afp4,,lh<!re 
f^^-'ft dis;* tB8iriMd^4lie^Miiiciiiifl^ 6f 

f im uliiel^ te .ttUiii thnt t^ » jno! mre ihm 


A. • 

" WhibtlwitaidmfrllHMMdiibliliuiii'he-lMd 
^ an- itnienri^nnfh Utt mffal^tP^m/», • mtd 
'* met Svftb a very kkd. ie<3ytio». ■ B w t j^ir'.lui 

<» rAarn/>he ftandiUl iirfiaflr /BiMl'*(i9lKMi>.:by 
"^ reasoif of the' change of •goftamkat!a%?-*JSiiie 
^' Nabob ^v«tK about to iej^aatesrhnMetfifi^tliat 
V provihdi, HdtwlthAaiidiiig^ ite tiM^ timtt^of the 
^'^ wear, he'1iad4nV«»ted'ihe-^rdibttt.PriR0ffr>.ate'the 
"*t\f^iM> heir/aMl bod «niisfd<HMi to-be flno- 
"f clatitieil i6v^ei|Bpai:of thatoonnUry.^-M^^Smutz 
-^'kutenUtliBi sucIl' ft^eb and ^peHWitfiif ipro- 
M* oMdhig*, whidi -bad.'nanly-i'ttHMli'^ ooaatij, 
«K^»«^e3stai iioQlikiiusii; «ndlh» < *>aw« i» /4liat this 
^ t&idigi fifei|r extend JtariattbdRoe lo th^'iiew 
''< nisti«ufH«?6f i«e Si^tt pcovhidal wfim^ ; 
''^ •»<hfl(^fi(Wrdkfr]R8tlalftt.t« cfetcmUM ,'viMher 
"'' 'tb«y<''wML t^iTr.liia{}er>t«|ipp(rti-:or .k» Idi 

« dcititiile-tlKreder'f:"- , ?• ; ?,♦ ». . ■ '> 

Tfae^citty-theh.'raferjtD.a l«tte9/tl> tbeirtSe- 
•txefucf, MotB'k Htefy ehoniR M«mb«r of< Uie 
. Ckiekty,. ''^at it . btars oredthle -. taitiiMiiy V»: tbe 
'» ^aMMiKtpi of.-^Mir. 'SwlffE/rWHi ««l»'4iMng8 
'ft -vftikli JttMre ^a|!letHted 'kia^nf^ntMiiy •WMHin. 

'«' MeQflftt-idf<a<i6Miety vfabiifiip[^Qaa^.bCianH 

*^'ni«tad by:Ae noUaaiid^-alL oMtif ei^ |tt»g|oiy 

r// of OodliAnd ittie',«teaia|. b0ftfi64.«f tnfi«t|ind. 

■ « That'thdift «n]Nirtaat»eiid»><afi9r Ije^flOMiwered 








and 83 an encoura^memt ta so laudobloaii iw*^ 
itortakfi^^^JL ,l)a^¥f} .4^^ to uyeotion^ 

*' . Tijr|itc|)iq|tf#llj(^ ba^ bejep the bi^pj; instroi^en^ 
*^TOd^^CK4»/¥>p2iJkii^ of ihe im- 

V Utv^.^Wiki ^ *^^ »a4rives, copiwrto to trae. 
•'LCtari^fjV^^^^ m^^as aa^titbliahed mode 
4>i y9wa!lfiff,.h\ijL ia.the .gfspwine 4i{>mt of ihp 
iG(QQ>el fif ,Cl|ci/K^ not onj| b^jr tbe i[|ga 
ofrtb^iiCbKSf^D Bf^tt^n^ \^^^ r^^ to jtakis j^ 
mp,. and *bf^PWe.|inift,|oIlQiv9ra of 4;beir f^m- 

;«eiiSS«fi into the, .fpn§p^tionn ^h^ j^ear^^^iki 

*' Hfl|U)6i>, W PapWte. f»d. 49 f l»H4lre|>, , intp 
" the Tawulian and Town W fj^ gi^ fi yy ,'.' 

lQjt^,4»cpwiDt.f(i)r ;78^^ pi;v»te4,in 1787^ fl» 
8«n. Air. ,KkauiR(le^#ta|i^.t|lMi^c;i;^]Q||^ tl|e 

•■ . » ■ ! ft I ' fi 'J W-jHit of 4^ ^Wfty q>f|t., ,''.)(,r.v "^ 
1 1 ,1 . j. i . > , ■ ,, , , i ngf>.the M^oipetpiw^yf^ .r , ,1 

•::» >l« ,<;'i,M« t'.: .>•<.•.;.„ -..'^ .,^( ». ,,.. JT 

i ■ 



" i» Ml of 'dt^dnia nad ' y o n ngi ^«tHe;t «rii»are 
'* edoicatedl. and 'jniittac^iinkiidtffoiite// ift- /4r^ 
'^ oceapaifimrl am vcttiptayedretsai^ idiy vbikasC 
•«"fiiv ht)^. Sonde -^ tttese-.tuxr dimifl|fadt*<br 

^' Grigtisti (ffihMte/'vHiieh i»!«fis ^loprtriifMd be 

> toiuitry,'fbr tJielMftkefit of ibK pMwi]fri>|^«o(»)e 
•"Who 'Ittve 'bbdsHmt' 'iffteNHUSW^'ri^HllrrA^ 
" fihgltsh gmwiiftitteht." He {M|nt«4lil»tbeiitott- 
ft«eti0ih btewecn die Missionr andl thwe'MdHK^ 
i» ftMttt detiMbtei ^^'ftMbtn^ii^iiM^ li^ l«flie 

' ^ Minicm- always was> and mMvf wTt xH i M em S Ae 
f' l>l«kiiig «o ft^^mriiibir of €lhriiliMt-#ttiMcir atid 
" ifldivldaafc/ axdhaBive tf '>d^rteii«fttf dAit like 

•:** MeHMtHCt iwrtion- fl efwe d Away it^ yet 'it»lrflffi^ 
<* had' B«Ve» tiieeir ptoptetly > aaka i tu rt fedg iid ot 
** laJnm . ndtiee of hy -Hie .pdbSiq .c ri ei JiiiMl e id 
^' • cooMI Hfir W «eR.«!i^ieettd/ aa it mdhed out i 
f* irnly Mcfelfe^efitit «b feir-iafei; tofeB^fa aJb^t. 
«».nnKsei!«cfitnb/' i%«: «Mn*' »r«aMtdife'aidi' a 
" benefit in their iiiaediate' cati» t <|>a wi t <i^ iafct 
•'^tke ■lli wi il >. -m«gJMaae;-A. ^ ii ft ( iHyt ,<ir <he 
" iMJkoidniatMM^ .iMwu*. w< ..lMM||pit;.'a .mcRaMvy 
" in<titttfiaa, • «W H»I, .fmHimmr* '. be tfiew ii tr e 

**' eameitly-iiniHdi'' < ivif ,•;•.•-. H*r-.;.-.- 

.. Mr. GendM&imentioan^^wlhr pMi4iajr aHMic- 
lion, the loeinplayy ewdptt^of Wi ^if ^hwim , 
" wh0S« tiin<i,«jf terviee. bfiing.«ttt\ii|.|fafifegi< 




ineiilrf(fiitiftne4litN«^imtiimfa ^reiter 

5' pait ^f 4l|e ftmner jeftf: tl)M^h Idft io thteiri* 

**'> ttelves withotti a tingle «flcer to aktentl theid, 

^-r thc^ condttct vfBB worthy of lemg exUbtted 

^v tA^iA Uie people of the towo. Of thefar ^wn 

f^'.aceMA 4hey Marefaed teg^larly ovisry Battday 

'^ to Ohilfcii^ • 'Four of the yoaageil;^. aiHieir 

'/' etdrneite.keqiiegt, were iwlmittedl to lii« Miftioii 

V geh<ldi>«id Mieh ym$ Iheir p roftdcn cy , liadi 

f^ in learniiiip and piety, itiat Mr. Geifclt^ enters 

ff* taioedlhoughtfl 41 desiring tiieir eontiiiilittic6 

-n* iHthhinii and OQCHpyihg them in the hasfaiesk 

'^^ of thi Mtt8K>n> jbr whieh he doubted not they 

ff.witMmwi hafe been fit. Bail they «rwe ah 

^ f^^ttttjMtaly qJied Anay, to (he g^at gri^ <r all 

iP who had. witiMnned their gtMid cottdaet" 

r Mr.8wanx wiites from TiralobiQapdly^ that 

"^' Ihey had ctoceived ^hepce ^ TestaUMiihg pi^ 

'>^^ ^vincial schools in dilrenie j^ees/ but whea the 

f^ coHvlry wat restored |o the N^l»; idmost all 

'^Noar hopct died away. ' TheoMsdieineof op- 

^^'pyestioa wtti re^asttmed, aad tha eoaatry 

^' Prfncea bisgan< t«f tremble.'* 

FVom TnoiqiiebM the/ i^sniih - Mfesio t iaifas 
•Unention att encrease-iii ^ pveifeeding yea^ of 
MO sbHfe; in Omf tmgiiiptitim, * 15 ^ whom 
were Gentiles, and five RoJnM CbthoUos. *The 
n\ftft%er <^^ tcrtnmafdcaais m Iheir cMgregation 
hMMMfen I t«S. ' fh^ioM to Ihe ^' administratioQ 
ff ^f IheM lioMl's Sapper; ft %ra£r*thHr cMtoai to 

^ A 

- » 

l^fie pifMtie MetAictions'coiitemmg thatcmlf- 

MEce^ Mid also hy private ^oaversalioD to ex« 
^ utttitte *hftir people 'as to theLr giowth m luio\v« 
^ le^eaadr piety/' ,, . ; /• 
; Th*^ Rev: Du. *chuItz;;,profesgor of divinity 
ft Uftlley acknowledges the Society's rqqaest of 
ftovMriding^ new. Missionaries, for In4i&>.^^ states 
Jtitf ehdeavonrB Ko that end. 
. hi tlte luxowt for 1787; Mn Kiemunder 
iiirrites yffmAi tliot* '' ftom the discoarBe be- had 
^ had with the bengal natiVi^s^nd M^hh^iiietans^ 
^ ther^ w*^ reason to conclude that tlieir ideas 
'' cif Eliropean j^glishmen and of the Christian 
^ wKgioif, begnn to b^ much aftered in ^vour 
'^ Qf>the good character of th^ fortiier/ a^d of 
•• the good prinqi^es iA the fcytter," 

From Maditw 9fr. F^bri^^ius states an encrease 
of 'U Heathens I l;)£4Hi2fd. .I|e a^kqoivledgcs, 
irith mibch sattsfiiiQtion^ the receipt of . the secre- 
lury Gaskin^s fiM4ettei«^0n tlie. business of the 
Madras Mission^ and^ also statcfs th^t the D^i^ 
JIJMtOfiaries had reoeived the s^cr/^ta^y'sjetters 
addressed to them/and in reply he describes the 
Mifisioiiaries ptopecty at Madras 4o br 
The Church at Vep^iry near Madrai» ; 
The ^fission house qiid a.^d^ belonging 

to-it;'-- '. ■ 

Twb apaFdneatt for the Portuguese school ; 
A burying ground ia tke fohcfc iff^ i^ 

• • ■ 


! ^' A sihcin honae near the llfi^ion ganfeni 
*' Hiere; 

" The Legacy of Mrs. Bonwyti, atrti n miafl- 
*' piece of a padcly fieM/* • 

' Mention is further made of a presetit from ^he 
Hon. East India Company of 160 reams d^ 
printing paper. ' - ^ 

From Cmldalotc Mr. Gerick^ s(ate8> that ** he, 
han great pleasure in remarking that Lokljf 
Campbel]; the Lady of the goverttor of Vint 
St. George^ had set on foot an institution toi& 
'^ the edtt<iati<'^ of f<female ehikfar^n* oi Cnropeaii' 
^'' 4hther9> Md* there were greftt hq>es it w^uld' 
'' saccee4- T^ Nabob had botfght a spacious 
^ house and garden < near Fort St. Geoi^ and 
^' had presented it td h« Ladyship .for bcr 
asylum. * The fund raised at Fort St Geoi^ge 
only was> %yhea he «aw the last . accaunts, 
lO^OOO pagodas. An instiUilion, says Mi*. 
Gerick^^ whkrh good men have so much and 
so long wished for^ which tliey l»ave so oftea 
proposed in vain, for which so many good hat 
: fruitless plans had been made, is now at last 
going to be establ^ed by a personage that 
but lately came into this couiftry.-*' Mr. 
Claricke describes his progress <farot%h ''very 
many Heathen towns and villages, distributiDg 
bodis/ and preaching as occasion offered, -and 
adds, that every iwhprp he. was weU w<jei*cd, 
not only by Christians, but even by the Hea- 







" otvwMf trdftt^d. • l%it an han^fedt;: qftitf^He, 
^ witt 0M Aiy ha itaped from thr seddthas 
«^ sown, ira bme fcasoa ta jio^oAia pncjr^^ 
Mr. G^mic^ iifiMwiM eofaMmle^iges tlie ipeodpf 
«f secretary Qaskiu's ikst letterBy and iprombesf 
a fatore account of ikt IMkstoft alclMgei^i^'Mr^ 
Pohia compiains of tl^^ hn^iulmieiits'i^tfi^^^ 
tb& coudttct of flone E«rl)|iMM; J>y^1iv%08i^ tn^ 
godliness the BatiTes wei6'f rflJQdiccd^a^ljQhilM^ 
Christiart' religiwi. ; '. » ^ i^ »a ' 

. Mr. SmBx^, in a letter^ flom Tanj;^^/ qaen^ 
tboa tbat tho^ fiovm Mteebist 9iKj^madeiiik;;;iritt 
4ili|^at in kift ttstmetioiiiy^ od waf the^'moMeir of 
ft Malabar ickool^ .whom Mr. Si^itfUt^ d^snib^ 
lo^a trcdypioiM and gvm^ :iMn> 4n wliMe tlchool 
fll JVJblaiMivs were iMtnicM. Me M|>Mlal in 
terma of great Mtid&ciioir of tb»4»Tidiiet o£ the 
aol^iers in tke garnaon^^who a(toii4ed dhritie -ier^ 
vice.aa4 the ieveiting kctims ifs: tha vreekjiv/k m 
" which the^ weie eacauvaged 1;^ their effiucr^ 
'^ who all eotifoaed thai .eosparal pwMhNKnt 
ha4 ceated f4*oia4he« time^tkat liie MgiiKiit 
l^ vebah .reUfiooa laMfuetioii;?^ 'Mi^. 
Smartfl coatinues to obaerf ^^ f ' that aftdrtka mm*- 
^^ ^o£ Sir AficUMdCami^Qi omr woiH^ go- 
^' varoor^ tha Taqj^reoQuniiy appeamilo be i* 
f' a sadaockoly «itiiatkm, Wkaki^^olvwB and Til* 
«^ ]ag<» vaw left quita emiity. S«« AflehikaU 
Z iwox^ that t]ii» enHgnriJQA mirki ciMn^ a 


ifrhiob^^ontnittaeJ iiiif : di^wtdvt^ lit f nmii« 
bev^ .ITiie ^qa^ ^iuHUs fnmami tftate d£ ia* 

itBun^i-ffi jiistio»s'ttad e^iitgrr . I 4iil«a; The 
I i«^i|^«te> iMMmsd U»e propiifs 'ginn tht»; 

UtoHgJivtlie ^bc^ tewcm fw; adlhaBi^Qif . the 
ground wa« ek^pse^ (he poor ^4ieo^% Aoti* 
^cipoAiiBg. better 4a]^^ thov^Blvev to 

^^.m^^A^iA^gmt, tfait.thft Imurk^ of this fsear 
^'^ ^(imm\to,heQom^ mfif^ tini of 

/' I had 4he bM oMpmlawftieft^ 
"f/ti^ &Bi inhiJMtaotanabo^ 

/> feUjt yoSi uMa^ry, and aa we; We a pfiaafeot 
'^ lK£:;aetiagr ^hia qaontry.ibetteii thdl m, with 
f.^r iwwifff jmti<» «famgodt^( it ia hoped that 



il.:^iU huw axgaad effiact .ajpoa the people. 
^"-f^ SwiAfobilNlUl €}MB«ibeli eheipred the kind- 

^\ j^kLpe^MT-faiifilc, laphaiia ''Sbi- haa faroivl a 



*^ eter leftWifeiKnft {uroteotiim; )&hd'cmii0ifi0iitry 

«f J^iAy C%mi>bell s pha hM ihit 'MiMioii und 
- pr9te€ii0fi'^«f ^^go^^wunetit ^rA bMisMrfyMkm 
*^ iiM,b6«ii net 4Mi footy and'iMtEi^ttMin.MaOO* 
^ ftflg^ldu. ar^ aUready tqXti^tMi. uTher'Naliob 
H |i^ giv^n a ywy spadoiR bou^e; 'uriiichi he 
^ b^llg^ for ^8000 pag;odu feir that p*rpwe. 
^ l>e4ve ladHes^^w -the te^fy;. tad'>«iflk of 
^^rOlein is M }m|fe<»^.nioiit1i. Laaly<fihn«pl^II 

""^ cation of boys, partieukitiy eaUBttAiiMhi;^!^ 
'« Mon be.madeL -Sife'krinorMfier lif^iffiftn 
'^^ ib»l:geiitlQineQ wiU soor* find f»rop^^rntet|lt»4o' 
** tiave their cMldren educated vitenl^ icWitiiitat' 
^''^ being:^ obtigsd to Mi^ them to:Btei6|Mi.4 FTe 
.*'' flddsi-e^etym^Twho^.deli^hts'itt tbnralfklifof 
^^' hii»£ feHjOMT oreaftiu«0, mm^pnisft Ood^ffepithe 
'^ ^tmane di^osikifm 4ia hat put faNo«th#»h«^ 
'^.of liady CampbeH. A» tof. the^f^vH^kT 
'^ schools, eonlmaiB Mr. Swartv, ifiweli)i#eh« 
^ t^o be erodedraccofSng td.*]Mhr;'£tdliVM%ften, 
^^ I h€$artily wish theymay be isstttMisbM. - Oae^ 
^- sack school is ^tf in Jfcaraaimde^ivto^^ and'^s 
<^. oavned on wij^tokaBble >sfD€C€S8, batVu^So'llle 
*^: esti^ttibmewt of ethefts>.tb& cilinmslaiilBtes of 
'Vthe dislrttta'do not- seem; fltiourahle/ i^iQffce 
' ^ petty folds c£'. districts' feel too lattili opj^ies- 
^ mm^ which it is hoped >iU be renfomdj «id' 



' «i 





^ thfii ihMt inatHflliQAs will be «daiit%t ^hobf 
impi^duxieiit^ > They iwtfaU hcttMte the maa* 
ileaams between the Eoropecmt and natives, 
and jffoiM open- ai door to the Mifliiionarietf 
whoTiiited theiB'td eoaveiK freely With the 
" principal peclpie df the 'camitry^ by* wbith 
^^ means difine fcnowledge might be conveyed ta 
'' the natiTes in the easiest manner. Itwottld* 
Hdt be expedient to appoint the Missionaries 
teachers inr snch- schoohi^ for by that regulation 
tkey m>uld be too much hindered in their 
" proper office of conTersin^ with^ and instraet-' 
idg die natiries^ and of training young people* 
'' f<Hr the iiisteaetio& of the congregation. They 
oufhit however to b^ yisited by a Miosioiiary 
oneeor twice a year/' 
^' The folfowmg article being an extract from 
" Mr. SwartK letters, bears iresh testimony to* 
'' theesthaalioniii wllich the ndrlter is held in 
'^ Ikidiii even by the Heathen potvier»> and at 
''die same time" encourages the hope that 
Ghristiattity will stIM o(>ntii]9e to make its pro- 
gfess ife that CoOntry. The King of Tanjore/ 
says Mr: Swartz^ ir dead; ' Strnie circum- 
sUuices respecting k I think it my dilty to 
meatioii to my saperiom; Hiving lost aM^Uis' 
chiUreB asid gmnd-dfildren, lie adopted » 
child of 9 or 10 yesofs oldi» of an ancient ia-^ 
mily. Foar days befo»e bis death her sMtfDr 
V ne, and shewed me /.the ckild^ sayitig 







hoy w R^ my soiv, but ymr son. Ymr me to 
be gnardiftn. Yon I appoint to tafcecare of 
htm. I re|)lied^ yon ktkcm, Si9, lay witting- 
nt^ to ^erve yoa as ftr at 1 am aUe» but this 
your last desire is far beyond my strength. 
You have adopted tlie child, b«( yi9a^kno\r 
that titere are competitors. This vnUof emHnse 
'' endanger the Uie of the child^ and also cmite 
" paities and conftision in the goveroment of the' 
'' country, i may perhaps see the chiM once 
'^ or twice tif a month. I may admonish Mm 
'^ to behave vrell. More I can hardly do. What 
'' pocM* gmrdianship will tliis be I You will be 
''. pleased to chi»e another methods* Wkat 
'^ Ri4Hhod? said he. I answered/ deliver' the the care of your brother^ diarge him 
to perform tlie duty of a lather to/ Ch» child, 
let y^iir brother govern the coawtr y , - ^nd 
Vfiion the cUld groweth up^ and thidvro wis- 
^ ck)m and ability^ then let your brothsr do 
^* what a father ^vvoaM do in like ca». • Well, 
'' daid the Rajft, f^wiN censider i^at^ott-iiave 
'' ^id. After 10 hoars, he called Ibr hia bvothtr; 
^ (leHvered the child to hi» care, and admoaiAed 


" htm to obey his brother. The nMt^ day the 
"* Raja cMed for the Briglfsh flesid€nt|>.iifr. 
f Hnddlestone, and me, and dectarei, :i4iilha 
'^ presence of all his «ertMits 'that htf^faadide^ 
*^ Uvered the care* of «he rtdofrt^d ^iM, tli# ^ 
'v ^e i^oanlry, to his*l^>tifer/ Amcr^Stifg, utM 
^ at the same time was sitting under a paviiioift 




^ Oompany MQOttkL oon^rth this his laA witt^ iLc- 
petfdkig lo tk« agreementi and faeetbtr ofon 
his brother^ and the adopted Bon>' ^e nme 
kindness tihey had done to him; wiihiog' akor 
tlmt aU migfht be frithfiiHy tansmttiHl . to 
Englaodi And when Mr. HuddlestMie : pro- 

*•' mised to send a fiuthfiil aocoant to gofwtrtammti 
the Raja said this your assurance comforts me 
in my last hours. At present Amer Sing 
gOTems in conjuni^n with fear persons who 
wf re principal Officers of the kte Raja Amet 
Sing promises to be a father to tiie eoimtry^ 
to idletiate their foiirdens^ and to inspect IhH 
country^ without learing the whel^ adi|ii-« 
nistrlitioii to his servants. He hopes to be con-^. 
finned by the GoTemor Geaeial^ aix^ording to 
the laat will of his bfolh^> If so^ certoialy 
he wiU not hinder the progress of the Ohristiaa 

^' religioa^ b«A> at leasts externally^ farther it/' 
The Society^ perfectly satisfied with tke tes^ 

t^wmies re-electing the ordii^ion of the Rev. 

Mr.! Jahn Gaspar Kalhoff, and of his tees$; 

faa*a.thmi|^t fit to admit him to theiixmibet ot 

tkcir^jliissidaaries in India. 
filie)Revw Ih*. Scbaltz, Professor of drrinity 

«kiifliie; in fiaxony^ introduces the IW. iofteph 

Daniel. JoM{dk Joinieke^ by ktter^ to the Society^ 

4a onafvselLqMlifisdfor the charge of a Miariomiry^ 

«i*/' ]&4b» vmtk of Nov^ 1787, Mr. imakU 






^' dnived iri London. He wai ioltfo^i^csd W . die 
*' Rev. Mr. Pasche to the Society's BjDaid^ wfawt 
^* he wag roceived and accepted. as. the Society'* 
Missionary, and on Tuesday, March 4, 1788, 
the Rev. Dn Vincent, Snbalnioner to Hii: 
Majesty^ at the Society's request, delivered a 
^ a cbftF^ to Mr. Joenicke, l^efoicc hj3 defiar-' 
*' tare, to the following effect." . 

^' Reverend Brother in Christ,, 

♦■ « . V 

a • < • 

'' THB character in which you staaid apKm^ 
^ us this day, bespeaks a mind bo d^ciited to 
^ '* the service of our holy religion,, and so ab- 
^* sjtmcted from worldly motives, Uiat advice may 
}' perhaps appear unnecessary, and instrvoction 
^ superfluous. 

*' But it is a Cl;instian duty to, eihort one 
^ another, and it argues no claim to superiority; 
* when we give those brotherly exhortations; 
^ which in other drcutnstances i^e should with 
^ complacency receive. 

." The readinesfi witli which you have devoted 
^ yourself to this service claims the tribute of our 
^* thank8.-^The fortitude requisite to encomtev 
^ the danger of .the voyage^ the lukewarmness 
^ of Christians, and the gainsaying of Heathemt 
*' demands our admiration, and . the impcHrtanct 
^ of your (^ce calls upon us to address our 
. ^' prayers to God, that he wilt^en^e you with 


y every grace^ and 8iq>port you with e?eiy com* 
fort, through the opemtion of his Holy Spi|lt 



'^ Btrt Ml tiothlhg may nfislead you ^ich 
you receive from us, think not that we send 
you fortTi to tritimph and success. — No, — you 
*' have cmtH^ced a life of trouble, labour, and 
poverty ;' to Iremovc these, no meatis are in 
our hatids,— we have lijttfe more than to assure. 
'^ if (til of jOttT J>iiayeib : your reward inust be the 
testimony of your own conscience, — ^and tha 
hope of that glory, which God has prepared 
'' for Ihem/ who consecrate themselves to his 
'"^ service. ' 

''It cafft affoid little comfort to you in this life/ 

^ to' bfe informed that all who engage in this 

~ ^ ardik6^is task, are sent forth as cheep among 

•^ wolves ; but we trust that you have weighed 

'' every difficulty, and prepared yourself for 

'^ ^ every adversity which can occur ; for though 

*^ it is liot true in regard to Christians in general, 

^' who sit at ^ase under their owa vine, and eat 

^' the fruit of theii* own labours ,— it is still a 

^' truth to a Missionary, as much aii it 'was to an 

Apostle, that if in this life only, he has hope 

in Christ, he is of all men most miserable. 

' YoOi* duty is^ so pktinly defined in Scripture, 

*"" thSlt it'heeds little comment.-r-Our Saviour 

•^'''siays, fte ye wise as serpents, and harmless as 

*'^^''^' tf^S.— ^These two qualifications iinited m^y 

*• *" teujufidft you through every straggle; but 

''^' ItetHnl^ncss without wisdom^ is lumpliaity^ 

» ^ 

ff aM iMy 4e^neJrate into negligee ; ' 'ftii j 
^^ vriMbn^ vnatoompanie^ by the qualkies of the 
^' dove, may occasion the same fkilure, which 

all the Romaa Missiona hav^ experienced. 
If wifl4oni could have ensured the triumph 

of t^^ cro6$/ the Missionaries of the Roman 

^^Chiarph poaiefised as mach as evef fell to the 

•f^ lol of man;— if fortitude, patience, perse- 

V vemnce, ilay fiaith and contempt of death itself, 

^ coidd ^ve ^stablighad the kingdom of Christ 

'^ in the East, they would have effected it.— -AD 

^^ fhiiae tliey h^d, they were deficient only in 

;^^ haismi^Kiittss and singleness of heart. — ^They 

.^'.faad the ambition to be about the person of 

y^' Princes, — they accepted of offices and ho- 

f* nours, — ^they mixed politics with religion, and 

^' idolatry with the wcMrsfaip of the living God. — 

/' They gave way to base and servile compli- 

^^ ances, andeaHed tbie conduct the wisdom of 

^^ making themselves all things to all tnen ; but 

'^' Aeir wisdom was the wisdom of this world, 

'^ and thft eveat was con&rmsdile to the prin- 

^ ciple* 

'^ It is from authority I assert, that in China 
f^ the Jesuits * assisted at Ae saerifiees which 

* ** At a great soleinnltj, when they choose Oocton 
^ of Law, &C. Padre Tong-Iang, Prior of the JeguiU( 

^ assisted at the sacrifice to Coi)fiicxqs> and dipped 

' f' ^ Cngsr itt the hog^» Mood which lay tHi Ae altar." 

** Account of the Protestant Mission, published by 
ff Erection fif Oft So^ety, 1718, p. 54, Part S, 

•*'flic Bmperop- offered to hisiclok. Was this 
'^ the compliance that St. Paul aathorized, \Vheii 
^ he declared he made himself all thmgs to all 
men ? His example Mrill be the best comment 
" Oft his doctrine,^- View him then before Felix 
(who was an Heathen) arg^uing only of righ- 
teonsness^ temperance^ andJQdg;menttoconie. 
-^Before Agrippa, appealing to the Scriptures. 
— Before the Council of the Jews^ concOiating 
the sect of the Pharisees ; —in Lycaonia^ rea- 
soning from the works of nature, to prove tlie 
existence of a God ; — an^ong the Qreeks, com- 
menting on their poet% and at Athens court- 
ing the sect of Stoics; in opposition to the 
Epicureans, by barely insinuating an hint con* 
'' ceming the resuri^ection of the dead 

^' These are the compliances Sl Paul alludes 
to^ and such is the wisdom he employed. — It 
» a lesson to us all at honm, where we have 
to contend with men of aH denominations, 
'^ from the Atheist who denies a God^ to the 
^' Dissenter who quarrds with \m obewit Ayrmd ; 
^' but in die province assigned to you, it is an 
example which never can be absent from your 
mind a moment, and which will supply you 







'* This is a compliance of a different nature from.tbat^ 
^ which Noaman, the Syrian, requested leave of Elijah to 
• -« te Indulged in, 2 Kings v. 18, 




^^' with rules iqf conduct^ in .every «)ti|atiQjBi ttt 
/' which y9U cap he exposed, 

\i 19 yo^r fortune^ ^ho\yevcr^ t« be d^^jgned 
for a IVli^ion, \yhich,.th^uikfj Ije .to Gf^ has 
been hitherto conducted qn prin^i|pj^ fn dif- 
ferqpt from |ho9e qf .thi^ p)arpl).ofr Hqp^e. It 
is a Mission, .which, ,iij/|iifferf At %^^.hat 
now ^ubsi9tf d for fouriscore ye^^, and which 
has ncvfcr yet cjL^fDted from thfi letter of the 
" edict, whiph commandii you ,tp pjreacti the 
Gospel to iXifi poor, T}>is Mission is pm objert 
^0 near qiir heart, that wp. bave s|raiii£^ our 
abihti^s to tbe utmost, .in- fpi^^ibvi^ its 
fi^pport ; and t^e .recent .testiinony /jig^ij^h. yon 
^ and your brethren bfiye rec^iyi^ of omr dis- 
'' position, will corroborate thia a^i^ert^np,.. 
^ If ouf own cirpumstano^, or. t^e cqntriba- 
tions of the public should evgr. enable iMs to 
enjarge this scheme, it is pur ifish to 
strengthen an4 s^ppori^piouaiiw ♦of 




*'^ We shouM be g1ac( to see some capable meti*of oar 
^ own aatioiiy iif holf ordeis, Uiat skre not' abbl^ fuider- 
, ^ takiog a work of thb nature; 4i)it«tat iuq^pea% we can 
^ see no gfeiit pi;Of pect ^f the aooeess jom j>ri|p^aey in 
^^ opening a glorious scene of the Chi^stlan Church, in 
f* tliese parts.'* 

" Letter from the Governor and Council at Fo^ St. 
*• George/ te. Madntt, 1715. PuMish^tn the 
'' AccdMnt (rf: the Protcst^t Miasiofi^ 171^ Bgi^ 



^ Mr Wn fcbtintry; And, woiilA to God! tlial 

^* not only this natibil tnay be ron^d to forward 

■*' tHiW gbod* woric, b«t that every Protestant 

""•^'FiW^er' in Europe may be aiiimated by tbie 

*^ tiahie-spWt • 

' *' In 't)rayin^ for V^ut Success in this im- 
"'' portAnt office;''lt 18 hcJtVeTer just, that we 
^'^ shotild declare your merit doi^s not depend on 
'^' you^ success. A 2^alous and painful discharge 
of Joiir duty is ail that you are Accountable for 
to ^1^0 yo\sx 6\hi conscience, — or to God. 
''• Thii^'lAue' !s in bthei- hands. Pkul platitetji, 
: '^' UtA Ap6H^Svtitcteth, but it is God that gfveith 
^' <he ihcrckse. If an harvest is pr^ented ta 
•^'' ydu, tfeaj) it,* fetid store it' with fidelity; if it is 
'' deniM*y6u; Ifciving bijce iset yotir hand tb the 
^' ploW, 'there iriust be' no lociking back^ iio 
v^ despdfedeitcy. o ^ 

"** No preparation is more necessary for ^ mind 
' '^^ 2eal<AA in the Cause> and sanguine in its hopes^ 
than to be warned of disappointments before* 
handj that when th^ arrive they tnay not pro* 
.<' duce impatience or despair; and, to confess 
f* thte tmth, the difficulties that await yott are 
^^ jntiumerable. 

^\ You are not. sent into a country where tlie 
^' inhabitants are rude stnd barbaroa^, but io a 
f people civHi2ed by d polity admirably adapted 
^' to (heir condition^ and livet^^ iiol ttieir attadi* 


* inant to a tqientitiDn too ancient (m hisloiy «i 
. '' record ill origia. 

'' The natives of ImUa, in general, are eaid 
'^ to be fOBsessed of nunda a» feeble, as their 
*' bodies are relaxed, — ^but the learned Brainiiit 
*' are acknowledged to exeel in an aeutefieas of 
easoning faculties^ a fluen<^ of limguage, a 
abtlely axid refinement capable of resisting aD 
'^ that human learning can oppose* to them. 
'' Diq^utes with these in public, can produce 
" litde more than a display of talents, and must 
^^ end aa arguments of this kind usuaUj do. 
'' without copTiction. Avoid them therefiure, 
" unlfiBs called upon by your duty ;-~but eon- 
"' ler ences in private may assist you in the dis- 
^^ covery of proper means to oppose their sub- 
tlety ; and possibly affoid an opportunity of 
conveying the knowledge of Christ to an eu- 
lightened mind* 

'' Fresh difficultifs arise from perils oi false 
brethren ; I mean the Roman C^KAicB on one 
hand, and on the othep, such nominal Pro- 
testants as ridicule the labours oi tbe Mission. 
---Candour, pirtienee, couni^ and reotitnde 
of conduct, begin to open the eyes of tiie latter; 

^ *^ The Oaoidi Vtmiionarim cpq&ss that all the objec* 
** tioDs which have been staled azi4 answered by Cliristiaas, 
^ aSbrd Kttle preparation fo^ contending with tbeiprejudicQI 
^ if Mc Icavncd' in India; 


.^toid^eftbepsllM^ day« Hot flu" dstant wleA 
f< eveiry Bhtidi subject in in(l» witt #iid Kttt 
^^ policy > M ^^ w pdi^ns moliv^, are coa^ 
^' cerned^ in eaUti^ ki-lhe MsistetiM ^ tile Miift^ 
:^' sionarioft,to connect the evMB of a ^tepraHrdl 
- mofaipty. 

'^ Bui the i^nd obi^tacle to4hfis dcsif^ ^ ton** 
'*^' fessed-oft aM faands la betlie lt¥e« of OMrtkof 
/' themselves. 

• *' Tie iir^g^ihutty erf lh«ir €ond«icf » iif)t to 
'' be wondeited at, if Ve coiiipider th* li^« tf 
•'^ which Ihey irrc «etrt firowi homey ittftine^fged 
^^ }in0ie£al^ in trnMactioAB ^ that coMeM f hie 
^^ fate of kinf^dmns, and pfMeitt^ ii^itk the (hs- 
^^ cioatmg prospect of MmMUtt^ tMtlfh ; tfhd yet 
<^^ evea aomi]^ these there aM idwuyg to be 
^' found nea of principle, e<miMt, aaA sd- 
'^ briety. To conciliate the affectfom^ lAftam 
f^ the confidence, and secare the protectioti of 
'^ these, is perfiMnaiii^ one eeseniCH^ dtrty of a 
^^ Missioaary. Not^ in<A^, to act by means 
*' of their power, — bat, in the first plafce, to 
, ^' recal them ix^ a sense df their own silaMion ; 
f^ and, in the next, toresoie saoh «f ^Sat aalives 
^' as may he converted, frotn the oppre^ma of 
^' their former, and the contempt of fh6ir 
^' present hrethf e«n. * • 

/' But there is another desciription of Eoro- 

^ peans ia India, which deserye. yottr HtAaost 

. ^' atteotfeov TPhe rieli *todfertanMe irvfity returq 


r homfe we look up to with «livy ; but the daffi 
f IB much more numerous of those^ wbo^ dis- 
f appointed of their hopes^ and atvakeAed firom 
f their golden dreams^ pine in anguish tritttoot 
'^ a possibility iyf return. If it should chance 
'' that these are men who do not owe their dis- 
appoiatment to their vites, they are in tliat 
situation of mind^ which of all others yields 
most readily to the impressions of religion. 
f Comfort them^— restore them to their hopes in 
^ Christy— unite them if possible to your views, 
^ and then may you hope to see a reg^i^ con- 
.'* gregation of Christians in -India dt gfi^^iter 
^ value, as of greater penftanence. 

" Other particulars remain^ tbo numerous to 
" be insisted on, but in whatever our adMce, or 
.^ exhortation may have been deficient, it is the 
express wish of this Society, thut you regulate 
your conduct by the admohhioits and estdouple 
•* of Mr. Swartz. That worthy brother '6f tfce 
^ Mission; (and let not our praise' of hini, imply 
^ a neglect of others,) tbdt wdrfhy tMEn, aftd 
^' labourer in Jesus Christ, has established such 
^' a reputation for candour^ integrity,' 'and dis- 
interestedness , among both natives and Euro* 
peans, as cannot fail €)i . recommending the 
the ca;use (tf .ChpstiaRity. to, men of eycxy ds- 
'^ scription who have heard his name : wd this 
we assert/ not only on the ^evidence *of such 
transactions as fall' under otcr own inspection^ 



' u 



but frcHii the concurrent testimony of e¥etf 
person who has returned from India* iW 
memoirs of a soldier assure . ns^ ^ that * th<* 
kiiowledge and integrity of this irreproachabkf 
Missionary have retrieved the. character of 
Europeans from imputations of geneml de-*' 
*^ pravity.' This testimony from the pen of a* 
^ military man in circumstances^ vrhere aU par« 
^ tiality uid prepossession are prechided^ convey' 
^ an eulogium which exceeds the utmoat pMic^' 
^ gyric we can bestow. 

The conduct of this worthy Missionary, haa' 
smoothed the path for those who are to come' 
after him ; by removing the prejudices of the 
, ^ natives^ he has brought esteem and reverence! 
^ upon the office itself :— and esteem and reverb 
.^' ence f are indispensable requisites, without 
^ which, the proposer of a new doctrine can con- 
*" ceive no hope of gaining converts to his opi^ 
^ nions. • ' 

The schools for teaching the English kn-^ 
guage, which Mr. Swartz has recommended 

* ** CoL Fullarton's View of English Inteir^sts ia 
Ed. 2, p. 183. 


f ** The Cross was ignomiDy to the Apostlos in the eye 
^ of the world, hut the reverence they were held in by thf 
*-« converted, or those leifhing to convenioD^ spproadied t# 
♦ • extravagance. 

** See ^t Epistle of St. Ignatius to the Romans, 
'< AnihlMiopW^'s<£d. 



^ i» 1ii» Spiffs AS II ylw ei umfiil tepd^Aioj^ 
'^ luicl wkidl tie l>a| abreMfy befua to estaUisb 
^. vith the cQiieaffre^ce of the nature Princes, 
^ fiMBUite a.prci9peeit of better hopeg, and en* 
^f crsasui^ meaaafor die extension of the Goapeh 
'^ Sosie 4l(yabt has been entertaiiiefl> bow Ur, a# 
'^z Gbriiiiaii9> we wte aalborked to adopt a ays^ 
'' tefn, whkli thenglr mediate^ ui not tbe irome* 
"f liiatek j»€tUod of dispeafiiag Oiristian knofr^ 
laiijpc; this »g no time for c^scos^aft^ tliat 
4|DCiiUon ; but if the thing is done, and the 
% natjveft ttaderataad it^ aa an instUution for 
''.(mching* |Ii^ luifgm^ only, never break tbeir 
oonfidence by seekaig* for* convefts b^e. Our 
lU^ion is not to. be advanced ifisidiously^ btti 
pi*i3|>o«ed boldly^ and the first moi^al principla 
f of Beli^ion is'good &ith. ^ 

*^ The other tort of sehaots intended for 
^' breeding op chikbren in the faith of Christy 
*' is a plnn as old as^ the Mission itself; and it is 
^^ fk reQection not of the most pleasing kind^ to 
•' observe, that in so many years *, no native has . 
*' appeared worthy to be advanced higher than 
^ the vmk of catechist If any opinion «rf an 

* ** Ihk ig only meant in regan^to that part of il^ Pro^ 
^ i<!stiiiit Mkdony more immediately osder the patronfigs 
^ «Bd protection of the 8oc2etj«-^Ia tke coogregatiofis coi-' 
** lected by the Danish Missionaries^ some natives have r»« 
^ cieivod their opdinat]oa;and» at this time, there are or«< 
** daiusd ministers of the natiyesp ia csiBDesHOD with them* 







individual may be haxaffled^*-^ M^I^-^lMt 
Christianity cannot take toot eflectnaUy tfll 

*' theris are * native Priests and Ministers. I 
speak this from authority ; because in Greece f ^ ' 
Asia^ and throughout the Roman empire we 
scarce read of any successor to^ or felkiw ^^la- 

" bourer with, the Apostles, who was of the 
Jewish nation, except Aquila and Fri«oiHa« 
The imbecility of mind which pervade^ the 

"■ native Indiana, we are well informed of by the 
correspondence of the Missionaries, who aOovr 
that they dtschar^ their duty weO under tfte' 

'^ guidance of another, but are not possessed of ' 


^^' stability sufficient, to be left to themselves. 

'^ This, however, we conceive from the geneml 
nature of man, that to repose a confidence^ 
begets an inclina!tion to deserve it ; and to ^ve 
a man rank and consequence, inspires him 



^ ** We hfne been surprized (if hen upon lereral eoea* 
** gionB we have made a process to other placet* and taken 
** with us one or two scholars out of our school) to find 
*' how much this hath contributed to the conversion of 
«• souls, both among Heathens and Christians/' 

^ Letter fhHn'tiie Danish MMonaries. ' ProliBtanf 
«« MisMon, 1719, Pan S, p. Sh 

f ^ Timothy is esfieeoied a native of Lystra; Titus, of 
« Crete; Diawfmm, of ^^Aem; Clemew, of Bome; 
M Ignatius, of Asia; Polycarp^ of ^oayn^ 

*' See Cave's I^ives of the Father9«r-£le6 ^ko tih%. 

** SaluUtions in the concision 9f 8«ver|J*Qf th^ 
•• Epistlei** 







.;0Q U)i9 8i|bji^c^ .Witt; be of .eflsential jenrioe-ia 
correcting^ Cfox misapprehenAion. • * 

4if a^drfMingi yowc^elf . to ])^f9fehomelsii%. has 
beef pjirpo^y omiMefii imd.thiAji Aot 
\ it; is Wi ol^^t (^ jiiiytU .ioftpofit^nce^ hi|t 

tiie difficul(ie8i of (b^ und^^^kbup bavoi^xiever 
f been suffi^ieiitly wei^d.-rla.theiici:3pi^^ 
•«\^t tot Europis^n inflDetow, i i wbeie ^a 
nugbt profi/Me yaur^ 4oGti:in#g.)¥iiiairtjdaBigdr;* 
tbe mod^ of afiproacbiRg men «f Uiia per-^*^ 
suasion^ is a matter th»t oneqiaifo^ graaicf 
: lengtb of duici)S8joii than il]« pmeBi.UffMta^* 
^ i^Hy wiJl. aUp\y ; and. i^.thQiqou|)li:y*x^7Uie in^* 
'^ dependant Princes^ to attempt the contm^a* 
^ (^ a Mahometan^ is death. — Tliis is a danger 
*' which no engagement- that 'yo\i- base entered 
'^ into with us requires you to encounter^ — and 
** which^ indeed^ is no object t)f the t)resent 
*' Mission. But this we may .s^yj^,in.^gf5|ieral^ 
^^ with respect Vptli to Afajtiom^etai^s.a^^^IndMya^ 
*\ that your hqpesof au<;(;eaB.,arerafi|i to be 
'^ founded on superior ppwers' of reaspn^ superior* 
^' kaming, wisdom or abilijlips ; but tHat, t^ie pu- 
'i-rity. of your doctr^es^.. th9> fewpar <rf yopr 
'^ devotions^ the candour, finqn^ aji4 i^egolarity' 
^? of your conduct, — ^the confidence,.^ jyhifk-. a 
'^^^ steady faitib and convLt^on. of the i^^MtbiifK^ 




f^^syiiiM, we &e tme fMiiAiilkii ^im wkieh ft 
pfaadicr of tiie Goipd ki to bvUd^ aftd under 
God the only ^ffectiud mettw of propagating 
our Uply religioiu . *^ • *-' 

^d no9f^*dB*r' brother is C%rilt^ ixMhing 
remains but to cousi^ y^n tothe depiirtment 
to wUchyou are appointed^ r6tj)^6Sting you to 
isram your brethren ia india^ f^at their con^ 
^' loentf- engage 4he most steioua of our ddibera^ 
'f 4ioMs aod ^that' our pmyers* are^eier offefed 
^ up for their wel£tfre and MfcesB; and mayihti 
'f God aad i^ather of otr Lord JeMa Ghrirt 
'^ voqnfina the eall ^vi^hich he ha* giVia yod^ tAp^ 
'^ .port^^yottviif' tfvery difiicukyof ytmr mbntHtrf, 
'^ »tMiq;(heft you in all geodneM', axidbrndg yott 
^ to averiaMials' We, ikrough Jeste Cbtut our 
^ JLord/* 

** Mlu JCENICKE's Renv. 




Y\Mt praiie-i^prthy exertionsin promoting 
^' OUHrtian knowledge tffriong the lleathens iii 

the EaM Iridleg; justly attract the a{teutiW(tf 

every ctoe; who knon^ tlie great and mo«£. 
*' t^onrfbiteble importaufcii of Ihe GhtS^ian Ile- 
'' ligion, M^Ohadfalmsd^f ekperi^nc^'theblesflied 

operation of &e saitie^ flinfd or^ ^urse has ihe. 

only aating' truths together itith the etemat 
"^ iahiltoii df hk Mtft^-creaturea^ at heart ^or^ 




ht beiiig sensible/ that there it no true happU 
ness without it, a detire will verjr natntHlly 
ariae in him^ that all may be broagbt to ettjoy 
the same. To him, therefore; it is a matter 
^ joy i ^^ * he praises God^ the fover of all 
maukind^ that such a Soci^y of Christians is 
f' established here, who mafae it a principal 
^' object of their con cent to promote tbat de- 
sirable end^ by supporting a Mission, hi order 
to dispel the darkness of tgnorailce foid Ho^ 
latrous iMgotry among those Heathens ; and I 
myself Imve always bad a Teneration for this 
f^ laudable- Society^ before ever I- -kiiew that 
Divine Providence would place me in. C0n^ 
nexion with them ; having ahrays. found reason 
to esteem .this :Missifm as a work of God ; and 
unchristian reasonings about it never sStetej 
*' my opinion. 

'' This was the situation of. my min4 when, 
'* unexpectedly, the Rev. Dr* Schaltz, at Ualle^ 
^' made the proposition to me^ whether I should 
^' be inclined to go as a Missitnav}^ twHtitie Bbst 
"^ Indies. FeeKng (be great impoitaiiGe of isuclf 
^' a ch11> nevcrtheles9j I lock it into seridu9 con- 
sideration. Not haviiig; a thought^ as if t 
were equal, to such a taidi, yet was I fully cen^ 
^ vinced^ if God had destined . me to this work/ 
'^ that he would ,give me th<^ qusdifics^tions ne*^ 
** cessary. . I ti^rned, jthereforie^ my ^fiMe awaj 
y *from all t^at waa ^par. m\Q me, .th^J^ fi^* 




^^ firMi advai^ta^eour • Jtrdspec^s ; knd wid, in" 
'^ thi» kicKnatioii of mlttd/ If thou, O rhy GM V 
*^ hBSt designed me for thk duty; then here' I* 
^ am; Mnd ifie>! ItrAst in thee, tbatthoh y¥Mt' 
^' aB»iBt4ne;' I« coHectmy Tvishes together in fhi^' 

one/l0do Ay-Mi&i * ^ " 

My confidence to fbl'ow heirfein iricfea^d tci' 

that ^gffiej that i thdng^ht I could neyer be' 
^ hapiiy> nw profitable, if I declined this call, * 
*^* Therefore I ahnonnced thid nij? intention /iancl' 
'<• forthwith reefeited a formal roc&fJon from thi* 
'' Rfev. Br: Sbhtthzj After thi^ I went in com^ 

puny with htm to Wcfrtii^erode; the n^uaf 

place on ^eh 0Ccailik>nS, where, aftef ^anli<^' 
^ nation/ 1 received the sdemn ordtititttdtt fbr" 
*. thitt pUrpo^; Prom thence I pr(^piired to set 

out for England; and you, Reierend Sifg, 

liaVe beeii pleased to confirm the acts of tho 
*5 Reverend Dri Scliuhz, arid acknoAvIedged ih^ 
*< as yorfr Missionary. : . . i ' 

'' Noar, by EHviwe PifeVidencfe, I sfaiid in* 
"^ your pveseni^e for the last time; receivhig yon/ 
'' best wishes; and parental admonitions: Oh/' 
'" that I could but utteJr the feelinj^g of my heart* 
'^ according *• my wish 5 btrt I am #0 pressed^ 
'' that e^cn if 'I wasmaster of the English tongue, ' 
'^ 1 sliontd lack words.— I cannot, according t,> * 
''»myiwiriie8> express my gratitude this day/ 
^ whkbl^ewe to Gody and to thi» HooouraUe 




'^ muJ& <of tlie kieathc^fts^ and to 4e«i:r4pt^, howr 
'^ seMibla I ^Qn of tlie Jionoar to be ctepiDCied 
^^ iptb: mch a Society^-^ vilint e^^i^«Biows t» 
ndale uiiyto jiKMij Jtipw w^ I am.comttdccd <^ 
the innportance of my dutypn itha. onefJuiiMt 
'f and: the yarioufl iSI&ciilliefl o|fi: th0 ^ w ; how 
^ I thpi^fore ooj^ 4rust ia n^ -^imw, who* 
sai4^* '^ Wittout jn^- ye dm do wtbin^.'^ 
Aiid again ^ ^' Bieltold I a«i w0i yon .(o- the 
end* of Iii6 >wii4«c"'-^l iCdnnot^^^ii^ day sa^ 
fieiently convince you^ that it is tifiy!fesoHltx>fi 
filith&itty t9 dipchar^ft inyrdntyyiMd-toJiecfi a 
^' > dear aattaeienee, h^ mtuitt perhaps leaire yon' 
belfwreBn £^fu* aad^h^pe^: 

My sinceKe wjsti ho^eyef is tf|ti«^> that.jrov* 
m^ :npt,aidy ip, time to come iierer Jhave 
i^v. reason to repent having sc^nt me, hfttrihatyoa 
'^ npaS^) r^ »iw nov^- in . eoafidemje im . ny. ta<y 
!M:onn|;: for^ yonr jceaj in behalf o^ th^,,)^i». 
m^ y^^r laMtrs y^Mioiit'self^iiiteneet, ^i^ 
; piawi p:ay^ Iq Qod vr ill be[^aaiinite^)).and 
ft eni^pkiy^drthe mor^ joj^foUy the more f oacaa 
.^^M«f»^t^tthey:arencitiiiV&ii:i. , ' ! ^ 
; r'SHow ,1^ ^lloaU I be if ;][ coaMj^en^oM 
,^:'..any.dott]Mfii eJ^.miae yonr hopes. wilhJhitf' 
*' lipqight aasitfwice, . that .1. undertook^^ot sth» 
*' ,^^^ to UMWIaiij^ my Ufe<; but rather ;]oiC 
f Jh(»eby-|» V!S fliBitifia wintjy piTDtpeets irnd 

> / 



^ bftbrs of imol^ pnn>fttftii4fadKrttiita^v because I 
^' "Mt^ eoHvmced, -that preferring tins tBsk is ac- 
^' corffin^ to the will of God; that therefore^ 
•^'havhig a good consciehce, I ean and will trust 
'^ in God^ and pray to him with fuH* asaurance 
^^ foT'hift gracious assistance and support ; that 1 
*' am resolved^ not only to do the wii of God, 
^ but for his sake not mind even the danger of 
** deaths neither pain, nor poverty; that 1 do 
not shun working, but it is rather ray purpose, 
dutifully to emptoy always all the gifts and abi- 
*' lities, which 1 have received by the gnce df 
^' of God. 

** Now, Reverend dnd Honoured Sirs, I am 
^ going, accxHnpanted with your good widies, 
^' and also with those of many others, to the 
place God and you have called me; remem- 
bering alt the exhortatious which I have re-^ 
^' ceived at my examination and ordination, and 
** in particular from the Reverend Chairman, in 
^' your name. To conform my life to them sbafl 
"^ be my sacred oUtgation. I diall live punctu* 
^ ally, supported by the power of God, accord* 
*^ ing to my instmcttODs. 1%e exainj^ of our 
^' Lord Jesus Christ, and of St. Bral the 
^'Apostfe, shall be my pattern therein. But I 
^ shaH not omit my subraismiii utito you; and 
^'my regai*d to my ieBaw-hbonrers : I 'rikaS 
^ never do liny thing of consequence wiilimit 
^ yaw advice^ or without their eoiiBent I aiiall 




.: befltowimylal^uvaffiwiiJohlaiXoibhofi'Hesdt^ 
ff and Ohri»tiali9;'old .and^ y<nihgj May'-Giod 
^^ give me liealthi.and \mdoiti^ tqgtthttf i^riA 
i' liarmle^eness^ $Ofthat I intiy ha another Siv^jrte I 
f^ May, my God hl^9 ixry labour, »f od tke/Iab^ur 
F. of my cottea|^e8 1 May he Mppovtime on my 
pas89^ i|cro86< the ocean { 'May h^ iet me sea 
fidnae firuitq even on boavdj b«t^^lanyl'tnQiIl0 in 
/": Ipdia ! May 'he give a»e >gracC' to let myi light 
^' sibine, tliat the inhabitants joay-^ee in me^tliat 
'^ tliere is a diffsrenee between thetn thatfiear 
'y God^ and'them tbatfiBiiRbiinnotl'Mayi^at 
/' the same time give.yon^ by good mcCws^ eom*' 
f' fc^tancl h^pe |orth^ thno.tx>j«pi%^*iaa4 per- 
'' 8evei!anae . in your - zeal ! - Mfty \^ <.Cff own yfHir 

V iu>ble work with a^ groat, ro^va^d' in ^¥f^la4iug 
/: lile^ where the fruits, of our lab9ur {op 'the 
y^ good of (^ul^ whU siurely £^)^k>W'a^f . . 

, 111 the acf ouat for. V^SS, (it a}>9e)ir9<.thpt the 
f' Uov. Mi\ KienHii)(lci:, of t)iie>Calcutt^.^m9f9tpn^ 
y X^i}^ bccu oijiigod frfjin ^g^^ad in^r.niiii^, to 
K. rcUuquish .t))c fiervjce of .the Mis^iqp^ an^i to 
// ti*a4Kier tJie. property of'tbe IVIi99IPl> Cbwch 
r IHchool and ba^rying'Tgrouu^ >to .thO' Aev. Mn 
y D^vid Jkown, WilUam. Chambefi^ fijifq^t^and 
r;. CImutUs G^amtv Igsqa; who hfutprovidf4 iia^lha 
y . awfti <diUy of ttie English and Poiiiigviea»> i)ei^ 
f' -ii'icev tiU • pnopac dfleaDiircis ;coukl> liie jtaliei^bj 
|f ^lo^ijfo^y fo sckVi oiita lusiv ;]yiiBai9flf r|rvf\> 

r Ithe Rev. Mr. D. Brown mentioos^ tliat on the 
htuislation' of Mr. Owen, from Port William to 
the Pres(idcnc}% he had been appointed to sue- 
cel^d Mm. He observes, that '' ever since hi* 
^ arrival in that country, he had diligently ' en- 
^ quired into the state of the Society's Mission 
^ afiaif kk India, that he had corresponded with 
'f the Missionaries on the Coast, and had liad op^ 
^^ poitunittes^of hearing conceniing* them from 
*^ Mr. Wm. Clia«)bers, w|)o had* long resided 
'^ (Sierei From aU he could collect: he Had rea* 
^' son *<► bdieve, that they were faithfal men, 
^= fiill of' zeal and good works : his obser>'ation9 
'^ respectin^g; the Calcutta Mission are less flatter* 
^* irtg ; and he mentions, that with the sole view 
*' of preserving a foundation for a Mission^' 
** ' Rfessrs. Chambers and Grant had united with 
'^ him, iand purchased of Mr. Kiernander the 
** Mission Church, School, and burial-ground, 

'' The Rev. Mr. David Bro^\Tft, William 
*' Chambers, and Charles Grant, Esqrs. in a 
^ jDhrt letter, dated at Calcutta, March 7, 1788, 
^' think «it necessary to inform the Society of 
»*" som* particulars respecting the Bengal Mis- 
*^ sion, dnd of the' part they had taken inoFder to 
*^* prevent ito' total subversion. They mention^ 
*^ thfti on 'tho;:?l8t of OctoUer, 1787, they had 
^ purdiased the iJiurch^ school^ 'iinU *«biiriaW 
^'gyotind,'fer the sole puiposes of reltgiohyandf 
5 thi^ taop» that 4)iis act'Wilibe approved by tho 


to lU a.MiwoiUuy iiiJijituation.SD ciggnrahltf 
'^ and prnmiaing* It » theojily pkcej. ibay 4>b<- 
aery^^ tlml Uiq ji^atiie Portuguese iiaiEe to iook 
to % 4eliYe|an«^ froiatti^ siavexy Qfthe.Po- 
pi^ C9qu9tti)i(»U taqd promiiea to;i)e«;oM;ye^ 
pieiy, placid o£ mtbwcVhHi ^ tii&toirer daaa of 
Sliuvpcap^ vbo xm^ tiier*;.ai|ii attboM^ii the 
*f, ^mrcb is situated in a large toimi, th^ JiMg^ 
^ ibata Miseionaiy on that apot^ besides insivisct- 
^' log the ElogUsht and Portuguese, mafu Jiav« 
^^ opportunities of addressing himself, ito the nan- 
f^ version of the natives/ and. of aidipg aay views 
that «wy. b^ entertained of thai sort Iftey 
recoDumfsad the Rev. T. Lloy4> ^ Kaog^s Col- 
legie^Camltridge, as a pi^son whoip they ¥erily 
believe, to be wortiiy> and well qualified tOiiin^ 
dertake tbi9 chai^;^ of the MissiaQu They oon^ 
dndie^ with lOj^pressions of the happiness;! they 
shfdl receive in assistifig the views of (b€LSo- 
ciety in the diffusion of religions knolwlajgrf ik 
'' tbfl Siuit Indies ; bxA, with .that view> theyJuui 
f' djEawn 1^ their tbcwghts i« jthe fojm of:a pro- 
pisal^.wbifJi had beeu transmitted ^ta thd.^So- 

'' The cir«umst4n€esi,af tiieCilaiitta.Misaion^ 
^ as j^epresented in theifiiKegcimg lettani^claitt- 
'' iag tl|S qaoit serious di^tberatioBa. of the S^ 
1* ciety, w^e yt t a a 4g d to^ both bythe MJasioB 



¥ sionuy s^ovkLbe gent to (paleol^a, with fU pto^ 
'-^ siblft * £iqpiedi|ioii ^ : asd koi monsi^eiutHm . cf ' th6 
kind, and very CfariMiaii {Att^ tpimrds ^« 
^. Miision^ token hj the ti^ree genfteDtien l)c&ra 
<f, iaefiti(Kii^v (he very TG$pu8€t{it>]e <)lei>giFfbfn^ 
'v. feeeHunBnfled^by tliem^irMitpiriteil^tti^ by otx|er 
*^ of ^Bowd, to kndw HFbeCiier hewwineli^a^ 
^. bie ta engitga in Abe ^rduoua ^ce of a S|iflH 
'^ einiiwjt Hii vaply, id ot^e mo$t rafB^^lfifl 
f tem«B,idecbiflawliM» mg90^ 
'*. ef im pbyak3iai»*%vtt|g;pjwMw^^ 
^' otipii«» Df tbe £(Mt»)fidie8..\v9u|d bf-iftbed t4 

"^ him, aAdfai&#har MaMifi of a p»ifali ntitttre. 
'' The Soeiety, however, weM^ n(>t dktmiiB^d by 
^ this diflfippomtiaeat^ ^' acteiggrnaa of ^(kW^ 
'' HMftbed f ^Mftotioii, and seooiBfl pietty, wa% al 
'' the vety juneture^ peoomminded to tbem^ \if a 
'f nsbtPev«end preiate» ^Vh t^Rev. M^^^^m 
^^ TiMivaa iDiafike, Q. A. fmefly of Tvfe^itgF €)t>l* 
/f lofe^ in tbeUaivariAty qf Oaariiridge^ .T^S^f^ 
^'^ monial^jfrkiilMrWi d€«kMM)4iveo£|)^84|i|aUi^ 
^^^icNASaa^dar^^iMLn^aQd ef th^opi^i^MSiiMt^i^ 
^f ^tained^iof' kifl bei«g it^r 9L*iM»tms, 'Utra 
V si^ed by several worthy depgynien ifi tha 
,ff pe%bb^>HiW(44<i hp gewdtMp to iijWHlMiffe^ 

e^.ia«d iaMi«4r>*l)J(-^iP>^ Mt q^ca 

^MMttde ka«riiig attended^iMel«ig M*W^ 

^^ -iBfifisioil Ctaoottlibleei nitfd^wnnl o£ifeB ii^etid>#i 

JwwnLi^gi«nve»ari?wtki^ dfc« 

*^ tisfaction ; und the evidences of his fitnes8l>e«* 
^ ing entirely satisfactory to hi^ Grace the Lord^ 
"' Archbishop of Canterbury, Mr/ Clarke was 
*y nominated the Society's Missionary for Calcutta, 
in the room of Mr. Kiemander ; and the Board 
experienced a pecaliar satisfaction in havirigf at 
^ length found an opportunity, through the good 
•* Providence of Almighty God, of seeing an 
^ English Clergyman engaged in their Missions 
^ to the 'Bast Indies. The Society then 'made 
^ their application Co the Ifonoarable Ebst Itidia! 
^ Company, for leave that the Missionai^ mfglit 
^^ embark in one of their ships, free of dH eharge 
*^ to them; and the INrecftors, tritli their usual 
^ indulgence, complied with' tiiis request. ■ Af- 
*' terwards, Mr.* Clarke being equipped with aD 
^ necessaries and conveniences for the'VOjrage, 
^ • terms for hia passage were ^made with the eap- 
^teinof the H^ngMon fiast-faidiamnn y* andihe 
'* Rev.' Dr. Pinch, I^pebendary of Westmnister; 
^ and one of the Society's treasurers, by the reV 
^ quest! of the Boardi ddivered-a Chai^ i# Mr. 
^ Clarke, ilt a very numeraas meeting at •<lie*^8o** 
^ cftrty, m Tuesday, March 'd, W89, witfi » copy 
'^ of ^hich the doctor has bben so oWiging as»ta 
'^ ftimish'them; and* iirhith- tfiey acoomitthemV 
^ Miv«s h«|ipy in Mm^^fiMt Wtmmm/C9i»^t^ 

ff Aa friteM2«» I < 

tte pnUic, 

. r .1 

i ^ .4/ ^'.' j:. 

*^ .^ Charge aeliverejlhythe Rep, JOr. Finchj €i{ 
■■' q General Meeimg of tke.Society for Prq^ 

. ^^ moling Christian' Knowledge, in Conse- 
^' quence of the Appointment ojthe Rev. Mr^ 

* ^' Clarke as Missionarij to the East-Indies. 

'^' Reverend Brother, belove^ in th^ LordL 
', I .^^: I TlMii «ajc3ti(l and niost iateresling uii4eilak-< 

^V WfveM my iifin^withift fn^e^^f ciymfialliiMie 
f^ fe^iklg. »o •. •■■ f .*'.' . .' ::• '^ 

< '' Jt j» .jndbed inspMnUe, if' tvie "tbidkj under 
^^1 the ii^uence ^ Immentity, in onevieff^ ot are 
(!1.a€liNited>in another by the {liowAT of e¥»ngell« 
^^€&^fitith/to avoid participating in that diversity 
'" of efi^et \idiich arises from 4he pe|*ifa yeu hav* 
^ . Ho > enoomiter; abd the lAramkat liatisfiBiciien^ 
^^' MrUfbHis/the natural restdt -of yi^nr' deyot^b^ 
^/ » yixiivs^lf to' the caase of Christy : .< . ^ i . ; i ' 
4'' Wie enini^rtient/df'vhift kingdom; andi'ithe* 
ie!V0iifiMing(Jn|>ptiie88 oi? it9\«^ .nei'^ikt 
ggqsai finite; .to the acdiAnplAlMnent^of .irluch 
<Jie wnfiiHif Ihia Sotietyt ha¥e -j^iigi beent^dl'^ 
r .retetedi) <ai)4r it^i9.aMflkie^ft'£att<Qf.e<»iiif<N^ 
f ^ e]|qD«t»^W^at>^ibMi thf^idil^iiiev blfWiiBg^ ' iiath 
^^ most visibly attended their diffusive ingrtiom. ' 
f' Contractefd in its compass, as Cbristknity at 
I' oresent seems tQ bCj in pQpiparisqn of the ex« 


it' ' 



^ tent <>f the known world, it is, ortSmAtedff; 
*^ designed that it sihaf 1, under the dtreeCiop of 
9* infinite wisdam, be prDg;ressiYefy spreddfai^ 
'*^* uQtil it becomes nniversul ; until the earth ^lall 
*^ l)e full of the knowledge of the Lord, Hsp the 
waters coyer the sea, and ^U the ends df k 
shall experience the salvation of God* ^ 
'^ To take 9 part in thi$ giiHtons woric, and to 
it^iU in oj^ening: a door of iaitb to the Gen* 
tifeft^ t0 eoaumnkicale goipal I%lil Id ti^ I^ikh 
^ rant heathens, to lescae them fiora that dark* 
^ M»iind (Kstren, in whieb tfiey ar^^nwhie^i 
^* and to instate them in the glorioos -fibcM]^ of 
^ tho dliUbeii of God, i« iherfliHMr«i aMcai^pt, 
^ Iftft oriy gmtififfng to ikxf best iiffi iliiiiB ai the 
5' hnm^v he^; but it is eBlMroed by* dMeufcukt 
^' MiMsfion fr0pn So^ib^ aHdnriCf , ci|ieciaBf 
f^ ^fopi pi^c^eies idn>ady ftf ilM; vcMr Mflt- 
^* l»ft dnd to be fblfiBed iiAreiiftnr, wkni Aat 
"^^ tirtdietiYe deolar*£on of omr AVhla HMbener 
^' shall be conliito«hensiv^ mified Id ifll csto^ 
^ tiisbing aiid defigfatAil eibote. Olber At!e^ I 
^ ham, vi»faiQhare not of tUs MT; thtemahtol 
^ vwt'brii^, and they shall bear ttiy vdit^ir; ^nd 
.'^ thei^ ^hatt be onci iUd and one sMphenT. 
^ Hmoe il was, inspired with an atifal |M^o^et 
^ of thw gtand event, that tii^ Sodet^; Meoa- 
'^ nged and insf^ated by tkffA e^mpl» M^toio- 

^^ ^rpratestant 

• •• DeuaarL'^ 


« 1 



ft torn pnmsiOB fi)f MMkHimto to the BMft Iipr 
dies; where they too w^ knew Uie iraBtcjEMn^ 
pass of the r^fions of darkne^ ia a spirUtts^ 
^^ view, and could not therefdnre be insensible t» 
the nrgei^t calls of compassion in behalf of the 
iminberl^ss captives ^ idolatiy^ siiperstitadif, 
^ and error. . 

UnaUe, from impediHiettts of diflferent kinds, 
to findaso^lj <xf pecscms qualified^ andraady 
for.thja^aiditotts service^ at home, tbejr* haf^hi- 
therlo awdcd themselves of the good offices of 
sMJi.ias Imve beda recemraendad in Germany 
^ finam men of the most respectable name, and 
^' itnder Aha sanction of the -betit authenticated tes^ 
^f'lthnmiials, in teapect 4q both literature «nd 

'' F^^n this ftfitile source of acoommodation; 
^ tiha mast atfbilantial advantagea have been ^ 
'' siYed te e«t deaigns, and to the common cause 
^^ ef fnie and nndefiM religion. The successea 
/^ 0f ila ddvOMtes, however varbus and unequal, 
*^ taa«^ in^^eiiefnlj been soffideat to cvinee the 
"^^ m tn0 ftf ¥m of thair endeavoumj an4 in soffie' 
'' Uistpacasj aoaignd as lo diHingttish nioat-re- 
<" mvMAy tfaiatiiif Ht» which ies«^>i&Qm ^mlMl^ 

<^ 4icecMMal/a<»«itfMn^ opol^ timr naties 
^^ sttch mairk^ of applan3e, as Ijie records of gttti- 
<^ ti^ oi^H feithfoUy to preserve. 

f' Oiie, in partt9)lBf j^ jv^^lii^s^Vst of qh|t^n 
^ heroes is so very illustrious^ that we may as well 

*' gion of its superior tov^hv^; Bi tb s^pWii^Wthr 
** name'of Swattt frt)m gttod repwtv I- tead tlmosi 
••'Sdid, firtmt a|)bsMlte praise. » * 
H^ It has been the fiurpnise of t«temjr/and'4he 
" lattieirtation c»f m<^e, (hat ibrtitticl^ thulft lexdln- 
'^ plifiedj shottM not have inspired ^ some of imi^ 
^iow9i clergy ^tth« Ml ornilklkm torfaOorw and 4a 
*^'inikate these ofaanipioiis of the cMssjitiM&iwrfc^ 
'' ing^ and thus oontending to save>fiiieiiiii<li(ii«re 
"• lest. . •• ■» » J • 

■''' Unt, when*weicomidep:the.diftiKntci^ 
'' stancesi and skualioiis of men^ and pf 4hiiigs^} tfi^* 
'^ different modes of tmlningtandednc^ion^ tlie" 
'' diffeit€»tt hahitay connections^ and pimpooteof 
'', life, and tbatwiiat may be. a competent support'' 
for ooe is not ^. fog another, . wfa i t fnf«r giwiitd 
theve may be for aorrow, thajt'^w^Nribiflo^Aaws*' ' 
saiy, and so.glfOiiou*, should M %ieiOMg|y* 
sUghtedi there i» JitUe. caiMfi ffa^womim . r t u 
'' Wcaire told up^m wt ai9Ahor»l9)m^* coa^' 
trovforted^ . that' they, who .pflwcb tiie CiMpd, " 
fihouU Unre of. the Gosq^eii, and? tbaib illie -wak^- 
mun lips^ in this vtevr> an uiidoubUsd rigbt ixf 
rawasd. Now^ if when haidshipa of the te- ' 
verest sort x^qm aobpiitted 'toifoi the sakcuof' 
plantwig and propagating eternal troth, tbi? 
was insisted Ufi»n as ondainf^ by God bioModf, ' 
^ . it GjUEinotbe expected, in quite aaother- state of 







> ' .*. . * J?*4 

^ thought of worldly distresfl^ 

^^ . To convince us^ howoiwr^ that oommoa 4k^ 
^ couragements have not always the same opera* 
^ tton^ and that no periK not even gudi as St; 
^' Pftul de^ribes, can damp the ardour oi Christ 
" tisLXi hkh} you/ my reverend brother^ have de^' 
'^ voted yourself^ with a firmness ^ laudable 
'^ resolution^ to execnte tke final commissioaiof 
^ your Lord and Master to hia apostles. 

'^ Such a principle of exertion we must ap« 
^'nplaiid^ confiding not merely in the. feiirency, 
^' but in the purity> the sinonnty^ the modemtien 
^* of your 'zeal. The beneficial exercise^ and 
'^ successful influence of which will depend upon 
a- combination of such viitues and qualities' as 
these^ api^ication^ diltgance> oircumspection, 
consistency, afid self-command. All which 
innst^ in the cdurse of your pastoral conduct^ 
^ be harmoRiovsly preserved^ as from the nature 
^'*of yourgituation/aod the caUs of '^your office, 
'^ none of them can be discontinued without ex*> 
^treme injury to others, and certain ^dishoutfur 
to yourself. But we are perauaded'bettuif -thiagti 
of you^ and things which 'acconkpany salmtion ; 
f^ and therefore I do not speak aa havii^ autho-* 
^' rity, but as an humble instrument of ib/ktmi^^ 
^' fioation for whidi it is our comnKm wish and 
^ our united aim to provide. A provision^ we . 
ff trust,, which, cannpt be made with greater pron 


P ^^lilKlylif n&seib thaii, in nidkbti fi» Uiat o&lf 
^ infallible guide^ the Bible^ a conscientioiis ad^ 
'' berenw to tifie doctrine and discipline of our 
artablifthed Charch^ that bulwark of ProteBtant-' 
tsfti> thai iHuAtrlous ornament of the Chnbtiaif 
^ Mind. Whioh^ too seasiUe of the iint>erfec^ 
*^ tiona attending ibe correctest httmnn systesis; 
bdasti n<ft ^ infallibility, but boasts of a parity; 
a soHdfty, a nl^l.conilected ord^r^ a ritital and 
ceremonial instkuiioh, eqiiaJIjr retnovtd from 
tbe glare of pageantry^ and the aukwardntes of 
neglect. If ite doctrines or itS) discipline have 
^ bean at any time ahfaVouiably represented 
^^ it probably sirose frofti inYidious malevoleaicej 
^ partial iitformation^ 6t euAbusiastic biaSj by 
^ whieh we too well knoW th6 beaiity of hdinessj 
the Scripture of truth itself hath been by men 
of pelverse minds defiled and deforpied 
Shoukl it happen that you arci ; put to any 
^ tfial with respect to either, af atf ^Jroursdf st^ 
fiurtly of your knowledge of, .afid yteir veitenH 
li<Jn ahd eAeein for these^ and betag possessed 
*^ of that securest df all armoury th^ shield of fioiUi 
^ ahd the hfehhet of salvation, bi({ defiance to 
^* ei/^ assadt midei^ the influence of that 
^' strength which will be made perfect in yow 
^' trdakheto. 

^ It Is possible you may, under certain circtDN 
^ stmces, he eiposed to disputation with men of 
^ strong pr^|ndice# and deeply rooted da^tstc 




.r « 

* Of fiiLs Be as wary as pniderice itself ?aii maker 
'^ you^ keeping constantly in mind with a uniforra 
" view to its application in each partj that adnio- 
^^ iiition of riini, who spake a^ never man spake; 
' Be ye wise as serpents and harmless as doves., 
But should necessity, or the credit of yoiir piro- 
fessi'on, provoke ypti to such cngagetneiit,'' ' 
guard against two very hazardous, and^ in the 
** view of i^eligion, not justifiable weapons of de-^/ 
^' fence, I mean, sarpastical ^itterriess atid wantoti ' 
'^ ridicule, which should have no place^ where * 

^ solid reaiSoning^ sound argument, and clear' evi- 
''^ dencd are in the course of debate the only * 

'^ proper and satisfactory means of support. 
*^ Severity OT Tianter, though applied with all the ' 
*' brilliancy of wit, can never answer the purpose 
^'" in things serious dnd sacred, nor can they be *' 
**" consistent with that meeknei^s of wisdom, which' 
^ is essential, in every part of conduct, to the 
*^ charatler and success of a nlinister of Christ. 

'^ This is hoticcdas an incidental, npt-as the .' ' ' 
*^ direct object or your concern. That is a more ^ 

*'' substantial part of duty; the most exalted act. 
^ of compas&ion tiport earth. It is to open the 
^ blind eyes, to break off the yoBe of diabolic , 
^ tyranny froiti the rie<::ks of mankind, to bring .' • 
^f theiri over from the infatuations of idolatry to 
'' the worship of the one true God, to free the 
*^ mind from' persuasions early imbibed and long; ,, 
*^ *j^t)ssessed; tb efadicate a fondness for bpiuionji 

f' foun&d in the corruption of nature, aBd clid- 
'' rislied |>y an artful management of its affec- 
'' tioTis and passions, to reclaim (he vicious and 
'^dissolute, ta awaken in the torpid soul a just 
'*' sense of its obligations, and prospects, » and 
" eternal good. This is no trifling employment, 
'' nor consistent with inglorious • ease ; but. re- 
••' quires the utmost exertions which the most de- 
termined and best directed resolutions can in- 
spire or support. 

'' This is a faint sketch of those difficulties and 

*r (rials, which the faithful embassadors of* our 

*' Redeemer must, in opening the kingdom of 

heaven^ and conciliating its interests to infidels^ 

expect to encounter. But formidable as they 

" may seem, the armour of righteousness^ th« 

'' sword of the Spirit, the protection and co-ope* 

* ration of the t^rovidence and the grace of God, 

'* certahily, howeyer invisibly, like the wind 

'^ which bloweth where it listetb, are far mort 

*' than equal to all these powers of darkaess.. 

*' Yoft will remember, and exuk in that rc- 
^' membrance, that though ati host of enemies 
*" should be at hand, greater is He who is in you, 
*' than he who is in the world. It is Ae assti- 
'' ranee of your Saviour, of Him^ whose irictori- 
<^ oils death and triumphant resurrection stamp 
*' iufallibl^ authority upon all bis eonsolations, in 
** the worW ye shall have tribulation, but be of 
«r good-die^, I. have ov^CQ|ni«4lie worlds- Attd 




^* to indiice hid fri^hdd^ ad Ue ioiA&cexidin^y 

^f fcalb them^ ivho keep hid word^ to do so too^ 

'' I aiii with yott alimy, eveil unto th^ end* of it, 

by the ^idanbe of his spirit, by the protection 

of his power, bjr the efficacy of his word; by 

an agency, which is stiperior to all controut, 

^' and win, iinder the directiod of sdjirenie wisdom, 

*^ hi tnanifestiid tb men ttiid aiigeb in the con« 

V isuniihatioil of liis kingdomi 

^' Promisies and predictions thusi prdfieedin^ 
*' from Itim, who is akcended into that glory^ 
Which He had essentially with the Father be« 
fore the world was, are surely sufficient to in* 
spire the soul with che^rfulnessi with aonfl^ 
dence, with raptilte, in the middt ci whoteyer 
distresses may arise; : ' 

But they dhoald tteVer lead to enthiisiasiife 
'^ pre8un(ipti0n> nor to^ny unguarded acts: The 
^' good sdldier of Jesus Christy who goeff forth 
*^' under the banner of salvation^ should be firm, 
*' but not rash; resohred^butnotvident; watch^^ 
fill to improve, but not hasty to hazard lippor^ 
tttuitiesr; prepared to resist fiery dartd, but not 
eager to prordte them : nm should he, whilst 
he is actuated by a solicitude to preserve the 
BOtil, ever think of caUing down fire fitan hea* 
/^ ten, or treating luarriity either the persons or 
>' reputations of itien. ^ 
r *^ Charity is th6 end of thetomiaandmeiii, and 
. i^/ caitnerer butby ittinataFBl.farct be separated 





» • 

*' from tUo cpndiut of a ChriatifLn l»elievcr, Jt i« 
'' l]\^ gT^pd pl)|^v£)^tcrii^tic of oar profe^on^ and 
^^ \f we sacriljqe tl^at to anii^Osity in any view, 
our pi etensioi^s are farf(pHed^ and our expeetar 
tiQvia w\\ b^ Taiu^ aa to the good iuiluen^e, h^w- 
oy^r fefve^]^ iVway be, .9f our zeal. 
'\ 1% Tet»%\vfi ofllv ^l^t ^1 enfcr^^t your attention 
'^ H> ttiesjO ffvv. \fnti iroport^iqt goinito ; tbat^ ber 
'' sides, m the coura^ of yoiPi ^ii^istry^ . and tb^ 
<; ij^^loiltio^ of ye\ir dect^finq, in^iHtaiuing gra- 
/•: ^jty, wpcqrity, f^id aom^d speech, yoa.take caM 
mjtWCftwmiwic^Uon witb tb^ w^rld. m^or 
to dene^H^e prcif^saiwal dignity, either . by 
*^ cauntcrtftnoii^g p^oputer Up^nti^^s^^e^s *qi\ tl>e 
<( Que haivd, ot hy anaS^ctation e^:i:i(gjd fip^Dse^- 
'^ ness on Ihe other ; but eviiK^ by your, epug^ie 
^' that iitofibiisive ^heerfuln^s^ an(^ rdjgJipHs rale 
.^^ are perfectly cof^iitent ; that» evi^n in einj^nud 
.^ cfTGiioiitasices of habit and dresa you preaerve 
propriety ; for whatewi^ flin^ini^Aoa y<^wr con** 
seequerice, as unftt appearaneei aad oomplinaces 
<^ ys^Wl, ntuftt be a check upan yosr mfiuenee, and 
f' pn hiterraptioa of your pcogreoa ir> eflS^ting 
*' the ends of y4)Qr appohitineat ; t^t you ivake 
^ your general eonverBation with naAuktad stib« 
f< servient to. the ends and aims, of vwr- misaipiK 
«'v marking t\ith ^xactntsi wbate>vei> qnay apply 
" vith advantage to the circqlation ^f divine 
^' irath ; that you CQfpmunioiiLte freely, and. ^vtth* 
\' 9ut resorve^ iQ^ yow cQrvespoivi$i\Q9 wiU) ui( 

^^ "itliateter majr be oF moihent IK ifcielf; (3^ in ita' 
" consequences pradUctivd of glory te)God iii the 
*^ higliest, strictly avoiding -all fleviation fram' 
** tfuth or exaffifcratioTi of facts to servx^ isirifster 
*' purpbsis, brio gratify spiritual cdncdt: 111 
'^ which, yon will rctdllect/not only Christianity 
^' abhol%/bat the CHiurch of England disdains ; 
'^ that you adhdre strenuously to the restraining 
^* .ithd ^etiadicating ^ifedomlhaiit Kbertinism, ktii 
'^ to the irtftismff a fulness of con'soiatiort into the 
^* hutnBle itiifl cofiftrite Heait; that you pay an 
^^ efepfecial regaW^ as yottffnd opportunity, to the 
^* rising^ gtineiratron, and '(iotisider ff as a most 
'^ siktetantial sendee ddne to the Christian cause; 
'* for, in this view of thmg^, it may f)crhap^ be 
said, with peculiar propViety, of such- is the 
kingdom of God; that you intermix no strata- 
gems or contrivances as lures to conversion*, 
nor endeavour to conciliate prejutl^ice by eipc-^ 
^^ dients, which are inconsistent with the sanctity, 
^' and unlikely to lead to the attaitinVcnt of saving 
^^ truth ; but, relying upon the chantis of Oos- 
''. pel motives, and upon the poWer of Gospef 
^^ sanctioitt, comiii^id yourself to every on^'s 
'^ conscience in the sight of God, 

^*^ Your plan being thus fixed, al:>4 ;your reso- 

lutioiv stedfilstly formed, you ihay go' on yotir 

way rejoiping in hope, whilst we continue ih^' 

stant in prayer to the Father q{ ip^rcies, not 

If only for your prosperity, biit^ that, knQwin|j 




^^ yr^ the necessity and opportanity for snch 
^^ )»nployinent^ the spaciousness of the fields and 
'' the scantiness of hands for cultivation. }ie will 
^^' send fbplh^ u&der the auspices of lyeqlth^ and 
'^ power, and public countenance^ piore labour* 
^' ers into iiis harvest ; who may each^ as we trust 
'^ will be your case, wh^n this work is success- 
V fillly done, apply to histiself that triumphant- 
'^ exclamation of St. Paul, I have fought a good 
'- fight, I have finished my course, I have kept 
'^ the faith; henceforth there is laid up for me a 
crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the 
righteous Judge, sh^l give to me, ^pd not to 
me only, but to all them also, who, from a just 
reliance ypon his merits, and a consciousness 
^^ of fidelity in his service, love his appearing/' . 



ffo which Mr. Clarke made the following Reply ; 

^^ Reverend Sir, 


^^ The situation in which I now find i^nd feel 
^' myself, land the connection to which I have^ 
through the kind recomniendatiQn of a right 
reverend prelate* and otl^er most benevolent 
* friends, \)een introduced, cannot but inspire my 
^ heart witli very penetrating impression^ of 
^^ obligation and duty. 

f ** The Lord Bishop of Lincoln*'* 


P*^; All ^anittt desire on my part. to embark m 
th^ senrice^ and to promote^ to the utmost of 
i|iy abilities^ the designs of this v4snerablel)od}% 
.more particularly in one branch of tiieir most 
charitable concern for tlie spiritual ^veltare of 
mankin^it bas been attended with such a con- 
*\ currence of favourable circum8tanjce& and «ids^ 
as ^exceeds the most sanguine wish 1 could 





Yonr sympathy^ Reverend Sir, as a steady 
and very earnest friend, and that of theSociety 
'^^at large^ I have no donbt I do already, an4 
'^ shall in future most substantially and benefici* 
ally experience. God grant it may be in a 
, fulness of my ministerial success, and that the 
'^ name of Jesus Christ, and all the interests of 
'* that kingdom of righteousness, which it is our 
^^ united endeavour to support, propagate, and 
^^ extend more and more^ may produo^ abundant ^ 
^^ Hosannas from them who now lie in darknesr 
** and in the shadow of death ! 

It is not my wish to enlarge upon any cir* 
ciimstances relative to myself, such as my leav- 
ing my native country, relations, friends, and 
^' connections behind me, but rather to keep in 
view the glorious work of disseminating the 
truths of the Gospel, and bringing other sheep 
^' into the fold (^Christ, that his name may be 
f ^ glorified among the Gentiles, 



. '' To tills end^ and that mort deskable (M9^ 
'^ wherever it may be attajnedL of reclaiming the 
f' Mficked^ and giving camfort to the righteous^ 
' '': (akhougii I may be subjected to .trials beyond 
^'t thoae of common experience,) my constant en- 
*' deavour slmU be, under the protectiqg govern- 
^^ meiit of the good and wise providence of God, 
^\ to endure unto the end. 

'^ The instructive admonitions which \ hare * 
now, with such an attention as the importance 
of them demands^ committed to my remem- 
'^ brance^ shall be hereafter faithfuHj^ applied to 
-the regulation of my conduct, which will, \ 
; trust, evince in all its parts, that my gratitude 
to this venerable Society ha$ vi>der all circum? 
stances its free and uninterrupted influence. 
■ 'f it would indeed be strange, or rather unna* 
'M^raJ; if i;shoutd deviate from so desirable a 
:path, so clearly described, or neglect in ^ny 
isingi&instanQe to pursue and cultivate the greitt 
end and object of my own wish, and your most 
^^•landablc, because most sacred, aim. . 

AU, therefore, wliich at present I can give, 

j.£a ' compensation for favours and obligations 

^^ I confierred upon me, in consequence of the re* 

'^ ktion with which I am honored, is a solemq 

*^ assurance of devoting myself entii'ely and hear* 

'';tily to the seiTice of our heavenly Lord anc( • 

Master, and that whatever distance, earth ^r 

ocean may make between us, neither space no^ 




'/ time ifhail obliterate my re^M^for feiirselvei' 
5^ and for yjcmr interests — interestg \vhiek arc in- 
ff sepamblc from that love ol God whiph we kave * 
^^ freely received, and ouj^ht fcaely to ecmmnvd^ 
f' cate in CImst Jesus ^ur Lord/' ' • 

" Mr. Oarke received letters of intMdttedoil 
f^ and recommendation to the Society's »«p«»liiy 
f^ corre^pondentg at Calcutta, and -to the ^isenafa*^ 
^' ble Mi^ionaries on the Coast; aiidffaellait9h<* 
n ton, with him on board, sailod in the moadi' of 
^ April. ' . >. 

'*' Since the publication of tlielast a0i5Mitt> no^ 
f* letter has been received from the Rev* Mr/ 
f^ Pabricius, the Missionary a* Fort St.Qem^. * 

^f The Reverend Mr. Gerick6, in a tettWy dated' 
ff at Negapatnam, Janaary 28, 1788> dee^Aes/ 
ft in a very partiddar and minate maQi*Bfc, »iig»Be-' 
f< ably to bis promise in a former letter, diMt^e^ 
f* ral articles o€ property belonging to tbeCMda- 
.^^. lore Mission, consisting (rf,^~lst. Hraifi^iaiid 
f ' other buildings, —-ad. Grounds »«dtt«Ala Ibftds: 
f^ —3d. Sacramental plate.~4thly. l^Qk*:*«^d^ 
i' 5tHy. Money. Mr. Ge^icke represcjnte him-' 
^ self as having the «€4e chaige of all 4he<9lN>*' 
'' testantChi^ti*ftsatNegapatnam,asweM^«^e* 
^^ care of the poor, who v^ere forimerfy supp^jrtfed' 
f' by the Dutch Ecclesiastical Court, ceiiMlftigtaf 
^^ their minister, three elders, and two deacong^ 
f^ who had the charge of the Church's ftmds, and^ 
¥. the collections that were made at eve^ ^ub- 


Slick divine sei^vicfi^ and on other ^ctmons/ in 
^^Jj^.\^Vifi. of the Dutch goveroment; themiois* 
*^: y^: filing, returned to Europe, the eldero and 
^j^aeons^ having removed one. after another to 
PuUicat/ and their funds being in a very pre- 
L paciow^ if not insolvent, «tate. Mr. Gerick6 
sMe$, tbat'in the course of the year 1787, he 
*^- had christened 32 adults> of whom some had 
'^. been under instruction several y ears, and some 
'^ w<eie Mahometans, of the Malay cast — that of 
" the children christened there, 33 had been re* 
^' . gMtered in the church-book of the * Cuddalore 
^' MitssiiHi — that 13,couple had been married, and 
'^ aevmal young persons had been instructed for 
'^z adiniiW0A tp (he Sacrament of the Lord's Sup« 
'i pert—that; besides his joumies to Tranquebar^ 
'^fae ha^:Qiade one to Cuddalore, in October la^t, - 
'c pvMched there in English, Portugue;&e, and 
^' llalabar; administered the Sacrament in Eng* 
'^^ )ilb>%iid in Malabfu* ; christened some diildren, - 
^^.. tjid. thr^ee adults, who had been instructed by 
^\ Maapdl and were included in the above-men^ 
*'- tioned number of the last year's increase— that 
^1 lie would have gone as far as Veilore, having 
^' Itad several invitations From the good families 
'\ 4f that place^ but was advised not to cross the 
f^j} country in time of war. 

. * ** A^hnBgM the Dutch Ecplems^lcal Court vts tfiere, 
f 1% registered all th^ childrea tbat jr9t% w^X Epglieh*'^ 

^ The nevev^nd Mr. Swartz, b^ tetter, dated 

^' at Tanjore, September 6, 1787, aild addreMed 

'' to Mr. Pasche, but intended for the iaforaiation 

'* of the Society, makes very honourable mention 

^' of Mr. Hippesly, the late resident at Tanjore^ 

'^ as having always shewn himself wtUiii|p^40 b^* 

^^ serviceable to the Mission. Mr. SwferUfe >*li€»i-* 

^^ tions, that the new king of Tanjore, in eaih- * 

^^ pliance with the promise of his brother, bifinre* 

'^ his death, had delivered to him a written ^tM|i«'' 

'•' pient, sealed by himself, and his chief mimstersi* 

f^ in which he made '' an appropriation for efVtrj^ 

'*" of a village, of the yearly income of abont BOO' 

^^ pag*odas, for the school, and more especi&Hy' 

for the orphans.'^ The village is situated 011 

the confines of the territory belonging to Tjn^p-*' 

(jnebar. A village in the neighbourhood might - 

have been had, but IVf r. S wartz judged^ mi the - 

^' whpl^, it would have been less eligible; and -that* 

'' one, near tlie Danish territories^ woald^ in timo 

of yfWTj of which they always lived in feuf, pt^wb » 

more conv^ient for sending the children t6' 

^' Tranquebar, the goyernmept of whiclh wMld: 

f^ constantly avoid entering into war. He*%«* 

^' tended to give it to that government, oiku pitH ' 

^^ mise that they should pay annually fiOOpagb* 

^^ das to the school ; and as soon as hfe couU BpKte* 

^' time, he intended to send a copy of tlie royal 

f' document to the Society.* Mr. Siiitarte cob«^ 

l[ firms an iiiterestiiig particular^ witl) yffbii^ Hip 


^ Society hkd before been made acqiiftirtfed, \iz^ 
^' that the Hon. East-India C!ompdriy, in their 
*^ general letter to the government of Madras, 
^t had intimated their resolution to promote the 
'^ prbvincialschoolsy and accordingly had directed 
^ thfe said government to pay towards each of 
^' such schools «£100 sterling per annum ; that 
^' sttch schook were then about to be established 
^^ at TPatijore^ 'Ramanadaburam^ and Sivagenga, 
^^**ftd that wherever others^ should be instituted, 
^rth^said sHm of <£I00 per armum to each, should 
'^'bfepaid. Government 'had sent him abstracts 
'* from tW Corftpany's letter, . and desii^ed to know 
*\ how be meant to apply the said annual dona- 
'« tiMis. Upon which, he conferred with the 
'••'Vestry, and. sent their minutes to government, 
**'who retunied an answer entirely approving the 
'^ pioposftl. Mr. Pohle and My. J. Kohlhoff, 
*^'were proposed for supcriritendants, which Mr, 
*^ BM'art55'had suggested, not becau^ he intended 
^^^ to wiflidraw himself, but in considerafion of hii 
'^ oV^m advanced age, and with a view to Aiakethc 
'^ circumstances of those two bretiiren more cotn* 

'^ 'My. Swartz, in abetter, dated at Tknjore, 
^'-'SteptembeF IS, 1787, states, that through the 
**^ WWfsoy i>f God, they were all well, and mentions 
'^ isievertd particulars respecting Mr, KofaHioff, 
'•'lySom the Society had admitted into the num^ 
^^bercJNheir Missionaries^ on his recommends^-* 



^ tloa. Hehadheen educated by Mr. 9m»ti 
" from his eighth year to his twenty-i&h ; . hfs 
" mind is represented as truly upright, and- he 
" had giveji satisfactory proofs to the English and 
" Malabar congregations, of his sincerely ptac- 
" tising the duties he had learned from the holy 
" Scriptures. Hamhle, and content with, little, 
" he was willing; to instruct others. The Nevi* 
" Testament he y^ad, in its original hmgoage. 
" Latin and Hebrew he had not then studied, 
" The Malabar language he spoke fluently, and 
had preached in it above four yeare,-. The 
Portugueze language he abo understood. The 
Moorish language he knew, and in the Per* 
" sian he could express himself with tolerable 
"propriety. The English and German hin- 
" guages he understood so far, as to beable^ to 
speak them with some elegance. He had read 
prayers in the- English congrejgation abor« four 
yearsj and had sometimes preached-; though 
but young, he was liked by the English, and 
sent for by the sick. 

" Mr. Swart!5 observes, that the booI|» sent by 
« order of tlje Society, were looked upon as a 
" treasure; and.he is confident, that the s<ddjeri 
" of the 72d regiment, and the school cbM^d; 
.*' would have reason to praise. God ivrtitehi^ 

nourable Society's iKmnty.- .. < 

It having foipetimed been objected to th4. 
V. Mission, that feyf, if aoy, hut those of tb« -teww 






casts^ were evet* cort verted to the Christian laithi 
it is with peculiar satisfaction, that the Society 
have it in their power to produce evidence to 
the contrary, from such respectable authority 
'' as that of Mr. Svvartz'ft own words :, — ^^ Con- 
'' ceming the question/' says he, ^^ about the 
higher and lower casts, I can tell you, that both 
at Tratiquebar and here are nearly an equal 
number of the higher and the lower. Here the 
^ men and women of the higher cast sit on one 
'' 8ide> and on the other, thosef of the lower 1 
^' have carefully avoided all coercive mcfens, and 
^' thus have met with fewer difficulties. Even at 
^' the administration of the Sacrament, sometimes 
'* one or other of the lower cast has first ap- 
proached to receive, and it has not been taken 
much notice of. If you were to visit oiir 
church on a Sunday, you would with sftrprize 
observe the clean appearance of those of the 
lower cast, so that one might often take them 
for the higher* One partiCtilar, which renders 
^^ those of the lower cast so contemptible, is tiieir 
finding upon dead cattle. I have alivays ex^ 
pressed the utmost abhorrence of sttch a eus- 
^^ torn, and declared that I Would suffer n6 sucfa 
V practice ; and, accordingly, I hardly know^my 
." instance thereof here. The country (Hriest^ 
'^ and catechists are of the higher cast ; oiie of 
y the latter, the eatechist Gabriel, is indeed of 
\* th^ lower^ but he speakg fr^Iy to people of 









y the higher cast^ as he takes care to keep hinn 
y self very clean in his dress ; but^ in the ooun« 
^ try^ such conversation is not so easy. A month 
" ago^ when I was at Timpalaturg^ in the house 
^* of an heathen^ of the higher cast^ the paxriar* 
'^ catechist came to me. I called to him^ stop I 
'^ I will come to you; the suttirer^ (i.e. the peo* 
*^ pie of the higher cast) have not yet learned to 
^' be luimble; th|sy are proud sinners yet^ we 
must b^r with them^ &c. This they were not 
willing to admit of^ and accordingly they shew- 
ed great lundness to the catechist. In another 
place^ in the house of an heathen, many people 
'^ assembled^ whom I catechized^ and prayed 
'' with ; and we even had divine service there oq 
a Sunday. The owner of the house sat near^ 
and paid attention. If we had time enough to 
*' converse more with them^ our labours would 
^' become more easy^ in several respects. We 
'' preach to high and low^ tliat Jesus Christ is out 
'^ wisdom^ our righteousness^ our sanctiicationj 
*' and our redemption." 1 Cor. i. 30. 

'^ Mr. Swartz^ in another letter jof the same 

^ date^ addressed to the secretary^ expresses his 

*' gratitude to the Society^ for the continuance of 

/' their kind and christian attention to the inte* 

rests of the Mission^ and pailti^arly for the 

stores, and presents of Bibles, Common Prayer 

*^ Booksj &c. He alsa mentk»na . in the most sa« 

f* tisffictori tennfc the abilities, zeal, and industilr 






<* df Mr. i. koblhoff, hi* rtew coffcagtte In HilS 


Mission. Respecting the corigregatiort at Pa- 


lamcotta^ Concerning which, enquiries had becit 
** iniide, Mr. S. itiforras th6 Society, that it o6n- 
** sisted of about 120 person's, srome of whom vrerc 
'* merchants of an inferior sort, sotne artificers,* 
*' some vvashcritien, some fanners, and a few sol- 
'^ diers of the natives, called seapoysr, ali having 
** their respective employments, aiid none, as far 
^^ as he knew, living tipon the charity of others, 
*' much less £>f the church. The edificfe is a neat^ 
*' small building, with a tiled roof, And was built 
*^ by a Braminy woman, who was instructed, and 
baptized by IMr. Swartz; one or two of thd 
English gentlemen assisting Iter with a supply 
** of some materials* An able and pious cate- 
chist, named Sattianaden, lta<!; the care of the 
congregation. A school lias likewise bcfen es- 
'^ tablished, and a school-master provided; and 
'* both catechist and school-master receive theii* 
'' salaries from Mr. Swstrtz. Palamcbtta is a f6rt, 
^* at the distance of 200 itiilcs from Tanjofe; it 
'\ belon^^*s to the nabob, but has an Erigfish gar- 
'^ rison. Orte of the country priests visits th6 
'^ congregation annually, for the administration 
''of the Sacraments. The Englfeh Liturgy iar 
" translated, and used r^gillarly btf6re sermton; 
'*'';Mr Swaxtz mentions, that the cholars, iri thri 
two provincial schools, very lately fstftblished/ 
werij/maliiflru • a rapid progress,* in letu^htng' ta 



* Md Aiid wHfe tTrfe JSngTriTi HngtiSg^/ The 

* Mission schoofe, both English knd Mal^bariAn, 
*' "tr^re continued as hetbte ; m lii^ former, 3 1 
*' Boys were instructed m riding, Writing, arith- 
^' liietifc, artd geography ; dnd as thes^ yo»uhg peo- 
'^ pte Wer6 likely to remaiti in that country, the 
*' Tamuliatf and Mbftrish fenguctges were made 
'' part of ^hfth* study. The Makbar school cOn- 
^ sist^d of 29* thfldreri, instnict^^rf by a nathre. 
*' Th^ Maliibaf congregation had been atrgrtent^ 
'' edwith^Oitrembers, ISof\Vhomw6richiHreri, 
*^ Bofti of Chr^i^tian parents. The English cdii- 
"^ gfregsltioA consisted 6f his ]ilajesty*s refgiment 
»' stdtfoned thei*, befoi^fe Vfhom I>fvinc? Servfce^ 
•"' including a serAion, wds perfonrt^d ^fvii^ Suii- 
'*" day J but every iVening th^e vi^as a mfeefing; 
*• fbr prAy^rs?, which sufch as' chose it mighf n^c- 
^ (JueAl Thfese devotional erxcrd^ey had hod a 
**^ good Effect upon the soMrfery, and Wcr^' enxrou-* 
" ra^ed by t^dr comrtianding oiftcef. t/Lr\ 
'* Swart25 begs additional supplies of biWe^, ioni* 
•"'' nioii pAiyer-bodks; spelHng-b6oks, and othet 
^'' treatises, arid contiliides' paying, thAt ' a glo- 
^' ^ious Ood would Weiss th^ pious endeivoturi of 
*^ their sujJeriors, to the Welfare of many thbu* 
"^'^ dfcitds! ahd that his* kingdom may ^oon b6 en- 
^ hilled in that? rdolatrtus country !' 

- ^ M the^ time of the puWication 6f the last 
'^ account of the Mis6ioii^, no letter had b^ertre- 
^ otth^ f^nl Tratdqtretetf, Written- tbt^the 


*' ibroier publication. The dehjfltdi Ifitter^ dated 
" at Tmnquebar, March 28, JTa?, aftermvds 
" arrived; .wherein the Reverend tke Daaish 
Missionaries inform the Society, with ^expres^ 
sions of thankfulness to. God^ and tbeir bene-r 
*' factors^ that their labours, during the last ycar^ 
had not been without success. They had^hai) 
the pleasure of seeing many blessed fbitits of 
tbem^ both among Christians and Ebaltens^ 
and it . was their , hope^ that l^ne were still 
more^ Jknown only to God. Among the 2& 
h^eathens^ tbaithad rqjectisd their idols^ and 
\' been brought to the kqawledgpe of' the true 
God, was a Malabar .pbysscian, of great iiepar 
tation and learning,, among the. heathens, who 
acted at the same time as a priest Some years 
\^ back^ he bad acquired . his fir^ convictions of 
^^ the excellency of the Christiau religion, in a 
I'., yejupte country; by- reading a letter, pmted at 
'/•the Mission press, which induced hira to en? 

» • • • * 

I' quiie into its principles. This he did .first of 
:^'^ the Roman Cathplics, . who . were, nearest to 
him^; but, finding, amongst them the appearr 
ance of-idolatiy, Jie.came- to Ti^n^qii^bv^ •nd 
before he addressed binasetf to any of the Misr 
J/ sioaar^es, he cppversed ^ith ^some of their peor 
ple,^ and listened to the seratoiis.p.t the church 
dqor. He at length applied to.thc Mi9siapaaes. 
11 received their instructions, .and J;»^ipg( well seti- 
t\ U^ m tjig principles of Ciirist's, Jfe<|ly Awligioi^ 









t* xfas biqpiized, together with his fiLmily. Sooli 
^^ Biter, he delivered up his idol of brass^ thoagil 
^^ a heathen had offered him 15 pagodas for it; 
^^ he brought likewise, many rare books to theiir^ 
*^ of Malabarian learnings of some of which, co>- 
y piea had been taken, for the service of tlie 
*^ Mission. The Christian doctrine of self-denial 
^^ seemed, sttil to him somewhat difficult, but 
hopes wdre entertalined of his experiencinjg 
more and more the blessedness of ' the poor in 
^irit ;.' ctnd how far the riches of grace surpass 
the riches, honours, and pleasures of the world; 
nor was a dotibt made of hi9 becoming an use- 
'^ ful roan, to them in many respects. ' 

'^ 13 Roman Catholics had been received. 
^^ 148 children, borti in the Malabar and Por^ 
tuguese congregations^ had been 
'' 180 children were educating in the Malabar 

' '^ and Portuguese schools. 
'^ 34 (^uple had been married^ 
'^ 93& Were the number of communicants 

'' during £he year. 
" 17^716 were the whole number of Christ 
, ^^ tiansj on the books of the Tranque** 
^' bar MissioUi since its commence^ 
'' ment. 
They mention, that January 83, 1787, wai 
one of the most solemn days ever celebrated at 
n^_ ' Tnuiquebar^ when their senior, and destr bro^ 







^ thcr^ the Reyerend ^. ii^lalhdC kqil fcitJiF^ 
bilee^ aad had the inexpcfwibte v^tjt^fyfi^aB of 
seeing his eldest ton, a woitbj yoang imn^ 
ordained in the MisstoT^ cttordi^ %9A invested 
witb the holy office of priesllUKMlji aft^&iding t» 
the ritual ofi the Lvtheran chncd^ The msf^^ 
^^ Missionaries, both Engbgb and Dankl^ (ifo- 
poanded to. tlie candidate qaestioM in dsiiiiity, 
which he aniweDed to their great satiafivetipn, 
*^ shewing how well he had emplojied. Inayoath- 
*^ j^L years; andec the. taition ofi Mr. SiM|urtr 
^f The Danish goveninient^ and^idl t^e European 
^ ftuniU^aofthe^settiemcnty together wklia>gvcat 
'^ number o£ Mi^tabar Ghriitiana and Heathens^ 
'/ attended, the senrice, and a. genenBd. awe waa 
^ coaspicuovs^ parCicabriy^ during the Or4ttia- 
^ tion. Sernvon, ^hicb^ Mn Sirartz preached^ 
*' from 2 Tim. ii. 1. * Thou, tbefefore^ my spn, 
"^5 be-strong in the ^race thai' is in<Cfari«tJet^s/ 
'* After the Orduti^ion, oar. young brother en- 
*f tered the pulpit, and pseached a MaiaNtr ser- 
f\ nam ivath snoh a gRtf:efid easi^ that it ,wag 
'' pleasing to every one that un^relqofit it T]hey 
^\s had ttie greatest hope .of his c^j^fnaiftg^aJTaith- 
*^ ftil,seKvantof)Ghrirt^ aod a gyefrtih^Ip to their 
^. bcothei? Sivarta in liis : old age. 

^' Mr. Gericke had visited tbqm seTe^pI times, 
^ preadiingto their congregatioiiy and po&ferring 
t^ with their> Malabar fellow-laboiirers*,* and diey 
^. ted liod the pleasure of assist^os . 1^« Pohlf^ 


'^ witfi a {HXtchxA*, educated hi th« Mi^siort school 
^ of Ti^nquebar. ' By* the donation of printing*^ 
^ paper^ they had been enabled to work off a nfe\r 
'^ imprefldion of the Malabar Testament, and t& 
^ finish the Psalter, and a collection of 58 Mala- 
" bar hymns, translated from the German. Th** 
" Danish Missionaries, in a subsequent letter, 
^ dated at Tranquebar, January 30, 1788, aflef 
*' acknowledging", with much thankfuin^, the 
receipt of the Secretary Gkiskin's first letters; 
proceed, in reply to queries that had been pro- 
posed to them, to state certain particalars re- 
specting ' their Mission, viz. In the town of 
Tranquebar, the Mismon has two churches; 
one called Old Jerusalem, built by the very ftrrt 
Mi6sk>nariei ; and the other, on a much hrge^ 
scale, eon«ecrated A. D. 1718, called New Je- 
'^ rusalem. Beisides these, there k a church iti 
Porriar, a large village, two miles from town, 
'^ which \ns consecrated A. D. 1746, and H 
*' colled Bethlehem. Their congregation consirt 
^ of pedple, born in the country, partly of the 
^^ original TamnHaiii, commonly, but imprbperiy, 
c^led Malabaro, and partly of the mixid cast; 
who isttH retain the name of Portuguese, «n9 
^* thePortugueserlangaage/ On SiinAysf, fHe/ 
^ h«*e iDivine Service, twice in the morning, iti 
*f Madabar ah* Pdrtnguefite ; and Ae sdibstuiic^ 
** of both the semlbfts bbt repeated in the after* 
^ U6cm, to "Che respective etmgtegsj&^fn^y )»f i 








*f Missionary, w Catechist. Divine Service if 
^ also performed on Sundays, at the church of 
'^ Porriar, in Malabar, and the substance of it 
^ repeated in the afternoon by a catechist. There 
'' is also a cateclietic^l lecture, given at New 
^^ Jerusalem Church, on Wednesda3rs, in Portu- 
guese, and on Fridays, in Malabar. Besides 
the European Missionaries, there are two 
country priests, Philip and Rhayappen, the 
former oiTiciating at Tranquebar, and the 
neighbouring villages, and the latter at Tan-» 
jore, and in the country congregations. There 
are also 14 Malabar catechists, four female 
*f assistants, and five schoolmasters. The im- 
pression of the Malabar Old Testament, they 
i:ad been obliged to put a atop to for a-while, 
because, after they had. finished the impression 
of tlie Psalter, in small 8vo. they found it ne- 
cessary to begin a new impression of the Ma- 
f febar New Testament. Amidst the trials and 
V difficulties they experience, it is their great 
*' and mutual comfort, that, with their brothers^ 
r the English Missionaries, Swartz, Gerick«, and 
f Pohle, they are, as it were, one heart and one 
** soul, assisting each other in their work, giving 
*' to, and receiving advice from, each other, mu-? 
^' tually sharing in sorrows and joys, receiving 
and giving thanks for each other's gifts, and 
praying for each other. They are often defeply 
ff VOupded^ sometimes by the inefficacy of theiy 







^ wett-meaut eucleavburs^ and at other Jtimes by 

^ sad disappointment respecting individu^s. 

'.' However, they are comforted tig^in^ and com* 

^' foTt eqch other/' 

In the account for 1789^ the Rev. Mr. Clarke 

anmmncQs bis arrival at Calcutta after a prospe-* « 

FouB passage. ^ 
The Rev; Mr. Fabricius writes fix)m Vepery, 

that in consequence of his great age, 77 years, 

and his loss of memory, he had been obliged to 

give over the whole work of the Mission' to the 

care of the Rev. Mr. Gericke. 

^ *' The Rev. Mr. Gericke, in a letter dated 

^' Vepery, observes of Mr. Fabricius, that he 
must be looked upon as a man who has lost his 
faculties by age, labour, and trouble. In the 
preceding year, Mr. Gericke made a viisiit to 
the Vepery, or Madras Mission, accompanied 
by the Rev. Mr. John, one of the Danish 

*' Missionaries, when the circumstances of that 

-«*' Mission were -found to be such as induced Mr. 

^' Gericke to forego the happiness he enjoyed, in 
the confidence and attachment of Hie good peo- 
ple of Negapatnam, and engage hinwilf in a 

^^ situation much less eligible. Nothing but .tha 
convictions of duty could have led him to thia 
change of scene, a:s he observes, that, when he 
lelt his fathisr's house* to engage in the Mission, 

^' he hardly felt more than at the thoughts of 
leaving his flocJi at Negapatn^^n. It was hit 






ic PlfMli^ mpb %4 (^04 10^01^ VfmVi^ f^ }^^ 

^^f^Q, i/^liQ 4ie4 at Neg^ati^aiq. 

At Negapatnam^ and on his journey at Cadv 
V d^Iorc. Sadras. Velloce^ and Portoaovo^ Mr. 
f i?^icl^6^ in tlie course of tlie prepediqg ye^^ 
'^ had baptized 38 children, and 13 adi^l^. TUe 
*i Ui^V yiere clu<^fly I^a^av^^ fvho had l^e^u taHen 
^ ilitp European famiiies d^ci^g the y^tfi Yf^r an4 
{( fiimine, ^d h^ recf iv^ Christian inistfuctioa 
(f \)y Mr. Qefficl^ af; I^eg^p^tuafR. At Yeilorej 
^ an old Pandar^m, of the agQ of 105 y^irS;^ waf 
ff baptiz^ at hj^ ovrn farii^st fmd pio^t ijpljcitous 
Jf rf%tt«est" 

- Ths ?Uiv. Mx. Bohlfc J^ Tirutchinapelly, st?^te«^ 
mt ^urinn' tbfi( yj^r. there had beiei;i bapti%e4 
71, antoAg \^'hom w^ere three adult heathens and 
09# ^f^W" Threa coaverts h^d beeu reQciycd 
|pom pQp^ry- Thiily-pne bad boen bujricdL 
ftfQOqg wkoiu was the lat^ catechi^t D^wanesei^ 

ilt^4 l-i couple niarried, s?yeu pf >jV'J)pm \yeip« rf 
Hj^e MaH^ar phurcii. 

. '][')ie Rev. ^i;. Swartz st4te3 bi^ c^fiej^tfti^oo^ 
If tli%t the MadHi9 ^Iiss[ion w,g^ ^pqjpi :i]paip(x>w 
(^ jiiid^r U}Q good m^nagemeut of Mr. Qerii^«^ 
i^ yrhpi^ l^|b tb^ English aod na^y^ ^^^^ Hs a 
/^ <i9P^r€i (^iri^ian. M T^jore the l^lissiQa wm 
*^ going on a9 ber^ta£oir«. Mr. JqsnicK^ anwad 
/^ (fc^r* i# Q9t9l>^> and «90a improved in the 
f^ &9«I«ti k^PAffffa fp th|j( 1}^ VHfi 9¥(^. ^. I!ea4 



^ »ray» ^ t|w> «t%ffictimi of a»e congmgRtlPiiii 
In learning the JV^^Iabar l^Bgiiiig*^, Mf. Joeaicki 
found 1)0 diflgc^lty. The New Testam^t \m 
^' was able to read in the CQvrpe of % f&yf w«eju» 
^' and it wa« eicpec^ed h^ woi^Id saoii he ^ble to 
pursue ttie Y^ofl^ of tbff Afisgii^n. m that IfiH 
^^g^, Jtlis ^leot9^ M f « Sw^'tz observes, v^ 
*^ ¥X6fJ|en(y b«^ htt lie^, tepiper^ »Rd coiub|c^ 
^' ftTf^ the priwipri qwii|ip» whiph i-ecomincnd 
^' him to the Mission, %\v. Svr^t% st^t^ tbtf 
f' about go pofpopf )wd been in^troded llys pre* 
^^ e^c^nff y«ar» heatM^^ps and p^pist^ at Txv^ 
^' quebar. The c^vi^e^iim ^t Pa||i«)MU« 
^' contii>];ie4 ta be taj^n <?^e of by S^PAaden, 
^' an able and truly plo^/s cate{:;hi9t. T^ pro^ 
^' vincial ^Uools^ wb^^Q Chf i$tiApit^ (» ppt. jret 
embraced^ continue at Tai^JQfe and JlwPWa^ 
daburam ; they consist chiefly of olu)diC^.4f Bra* 
^' i|>ias^aa^l n\ppvlu^ tg, whft ?i?ad Jttxd \x jnte Siglisb- 
^^ Their intention doubtless i«i tft Iwrn tlie Eng- 
€' ysb ^^s^jidj^e, with 4 vi^w to tbi^ii: t^w^ptral 
'' W^M^E«:> but they thereby \i!W^me better ai> 
'' qwJW(s4 wUli^ good pffinK^ipkf. No deceitful 
" HRftlpdf ym^, mA *P ^wg tl»w» QWr $0 the 
<^ saving dPP<xiAe8( of C\^mX> %^o^g^ tl^ »O0t 

fc ^arae^t wishes wev^ ^\^f \m 4 A 4tt^ ^6j 
^ mglU aU Qom$ to ^(» )wawl%40t ^ 9^ ^4 

^^ J«»# Cferi^ wiom. bft 1^^ Mot;^ 

<^ Thfi R^. M«. Jf<»9¥*q. IP It ktHpr.^ltaa 


^ bceurred, ^ returning his most ijncere enj 

*^ hearty thanks to the Society for their attentions 

**^ to him* during h»B^ stay in England^ before his 

'^ embarking for India. 

; •* The Rev. Mr. Kohlhoff retorns skicere 

^^ thanks for his appointment as Missionary. 

^ He mentions the arrival of Mr. Joenicke ia 

^^ the strongest terms of satisfaction^ and de« 

^ scribes him as one likely to be of essential ser« 

*^" vice to the cause of Christ. 

• ^* The Danish Missionaries at Tranqnebar 


** Acknowledge the Society's presents, and state 
^ that in the preceding year, 
" ^ 10 Roman Catholics had been received. 
*^ 37 Heathens baptized. 

IS3 children ditto^ born of Christian parents, 
35 couple married. 
' '' 86 buried. 

" ''1154 had communicated in the Lord's Sop* 

^' per. 
^ 65 boys and 45 girls were inst|ructed and 
i" • '' supported in the Portugueze 

'^ school^ besides out^door scholars. 
'•• *' In addition \thereunto, some boys of parti- 
^'^'Ctzlar good capacity were instructed in the 
.^ Gwman language^ and in such sciences as 
-^.Mffm^necessary to qualify them for catechists^ 
^. or fo]r otliev occupations. They mention that 
'' the Mission had recently experienced a great 
^' loss by the death of the country priest, Mr. 




** 7htlip7 wHo had ever been fkithfiil in tiie ioA* 


^ charge of his duty^ and whose memory would 
^ long continue to be respected both among 
^ Christians and heathens. 

One of the Missionaries had lately made a 
journey to Ceylon, in compliance with the 
earnest request of some Lutheran friends there, 
to whom he preached^ and administered the 
sacrament, in Columbo, Gale, Jafnapatnam, 
^' and Trincomale ; after which he went for the 
^' same purposes to Cochin, in which town bo 
Missionary had ever been before, and wh^re 
the great friend of the Mission, Crovemor Vatt 
Angelbeck, shewed himself very generous 
^' towards him, and to the Mission in generd. 

** They had received with much hospitality 
^^ and kindness the Society's new . Missionary, 
'' Mr. Jcenicke, whom, after a residence of some 
'^ weeks among them, they mention in terms of 
'^ great respect and esteem, and as being emi« 
^' npntly fitted for the sacred work in which he 
^^ is engaged. They mention the visit they had 
been so happy as to receive from Mr. Swarti^ 
whoje conyersation they observe they always 
esteem a blessing. The new edition of the 
^' Malabar New Testament continued still in 
f' their printing-pre^s, from which* they were also 
f' working off small tracts for heathens, and for 
^^ th^ u^e pf schools. 

^4nibe QCOHmt for 1790, the Rtv, Mt. ObHce 
^ mentkiai, ik^t doriitg his eonttnuance at Ma^ 
^ 4m8, he had the opporteoity <^ notieing^ the 
^' conduct of Mr. Greiiefc^^ and observing lio^ 
^ inds^igable he vms m his laboar among tiie 
f' Mriahars, PwUi^ese^ and English. He ex« 
'^ prtsses an earnest wish that the Society would 
^ send oat a fellow-kboiifer for the Mission^ tiie 
^^ daty -being such as one individaal ooakl hardly 
^ dbMQharge. Mr. Clarke en closes ktten^innting 
^ him to saperinteod the free-sehool; and Che 
^ Soriety tdring into Gonsideraition that iNToposat; 
^ and having reason to beliere that the duties of 
that appoiatnienl were com|iatible with his 
Mnakuiary engagements^ directed their Secret 
tary to itifoim him^ that his acceptance of the 
^ aqierintending niastenhip of the new firee^ 
^ school met with their full approbation. 
- ^ It is necessary here to mention^ and it is 
^ memtioned with much concern^ that in the last 
^ kttcn receved from Bengsd in Norember^ the 
.^' -Society are informed that Mr. Ghrke had acv 
^ taafly left, or was thea about to leave, the aer^ 
^ vice of the- Mission, in order to go into another 
^' station, te whid he apprehended he had ob** 
^ tained an appmnteenk. Lcttera were expected 
^^ ffmm Mr. Clarke npon this subject.) 

f* IShit RcT^ Mr; Gericb^ writes from Machasf, 
^ that he had just buried their ok&st catechitt 






'^ pud «il^npiw& i» A cat«du0t^ wider Mf« 
^ Sebukss, the ftnt MiatioQwy al Mmkm. H«$ 
im$ of tbe WaUbvreir cast, iiiAio ate «^ amrt of 
friesits and I^evtfasg; vi iiii Ramois, and Wdi. 
said ) to have known the IVfalolMlp lattgyfii^^ 
rtMy and custMQs^ a» weH aa any man in tiie 
^muiiiur, and ta hwa bean for many yeaia-the 
Qiuole of the whole Parriar villag«f iif TtfaitiiiJl, 
whttM ia (to main he tauik aAaays ted an . tin- 
Jbkmeabla lile^^ and broagte numy to the 
Cbri^ian church : he waa reckoBBodrto be aboTe 
^^ T^Byauft ald>, friaabkagttat ajgp&aoHnig^the 
•^^ MalabauL 

'' At Ne^^BfBtaam and Gndi&bce^ Mr« 6e« 
'' Bake had$chriiteiiei£ IQ^adults and 3S dlild)ta« 
^' ianong: the adults ware, two women, mother 
^' and daughter^ firom Siam^ who. had repetired 
' instruction from, tha. catephist Saotappen, ttid 
'f afterwards from himself ; and' also ^ old bea«i 
/^ tiien woman^. wfaa had long;8ierred two Patch 
idiea at Negapatnant £lpi bad: admlniat^ted 
[rt saoramflnt:tQ abore. 100. g^le^,. pfi .wbont 
/^ abeut 3Q' far jth^. ^t tiinft.stfiter 
.'' ipdilic: exaamnation. Mr. Gariaba fiMim&^ 
'' that: tbe month sjient %siifm^ tbe poar ^gooil 
^' paaide oft N^jpatnapi yw; 9W^ o£ tiM> plta^ 
^ saiMaafil afhja life. . 

'' Hegiveian aceount of a wotmtn/recmfd Vb 
^^ baptism^ who in her examination had surprised 



5^ hiiD> ttid an who heard h^r^ by hef ready aiT« 
*^ swers and cbmpreheoisive knowledge of the 
'' catechbai^ containing several hundred qnes^ 
'' tioQS and anawerv. He adds^ tlie best of all is; 
^' she continues^ to our great coinfori, an ejKm- 
plary christian. 

The Rev. Mr. PoUe^ at Tinitchidapally 
and Tanjore^ states, that in the preceding 
year he had 

Baptized 60i of whom 6 were heathens, I a 
^^ Mahometan, arid 28 children of Eu* 
'^ ropeana. 
f^ Received 1 old man, and I apostate, from 
the Romish dmrch, who begged pub^ 
licly for pardon and reception. 
y Baried 35 of the Malabar church, beside 
*' 74 Europeans of the regiment of artii^ 
" lery. 
^' Administered the sacrament to 189. 
Married 20 couple. 

Mr. Swartz states the expences of the Mis* 
f^ jsion for catechists^ and repairs of building, to 
'^ be such, that if he did not receive an allowance 
f' from the Hon. East India Company, it would 
^ be impossible^ to defray all necessary expencesr. 
f' He had intended to establish a provincid 
^' school at Cumbagonam, the principal phice of 
^' the Tanjore country ; a very good spot had 
been granted him by the Rajah, and he had 




^ t)egftn to lay -the fcnndalioil ^ the iKmse 1x9 be 
*' used for divine worship. 

^' The Rev. the Danish Missionaries acknoir-i 
•^ ledge the receipt of the Society's presents^ and 
*' state an increase of 178 to the Mission^ and 
they were expecting the arrival of Mr, €km-» 
merer^ a new Missionary. The Missidn had 
suffered a great loss by the death of thekr dear 
brother^ Mr. Klein, in the 68th year. otf* bis age, 
'^ and the 44th of his faithful labcyur in tbat viae-^ 
^^ yard. He had been active to the la^t^ and er* 
'' pired in his chair^ without being .brought to a( 
'^ sick bed. The other Missionaries assembled 
from their usual Thursday's colloquium^ and 
found him in agony^ but composed and ccHn^ 
forted in his soul^ and expressing his faith iia 
^r 6hrist^ and desire to be soon with hini^ sothaC 
'' they were all greatly edified. . The remem-f 
'' braixce of his disinterestedness^ integrity, hu- 
*' mility^ and zeal, they observe will ever be a 
>* blessing to them, and to their congregation. 
In addition to the salaries statedly received 
by the ;several Missionaries, the Society have 
'' sent out a gratuity of lOJ. to each of them fo^ 
the current year, besides the usual stores and 
presents. And. to the usual stores for the Gal« 
^^ Ctttta Mission, were added 100 Arabic Testa^^ 
^^ mex^s^ a packet of Arabic Psalters, some He* 
'' brciv Bibles, besides a number of other books; 
f which h«id b^^n specified by Mr. Clarke, 


", eilMk& Motej tHat ^^^ ftf pofftte« UixtAmp^" 

^Ik^MMkm ehurcb^ hit «tetMh of^fiiPpFtf iilteiUt' 
1^-iH^ uxwl^i^ itf- tie fr^ fch^t «hd« CStfctttt; 
^' aAd had §»iie up the country -to^ChrMur, bjf 
?4r4eirr4(f(h0<NMtiinsitderHiehtef. /Dhe^ttm^^ 
^ Otatf dta^xMk by the. Soc^jK^^ MitiMM«f; 
?;PU0t biveb?64 shut^ but ibr tUakm^rftn^-^ry 
% ChrisdmiK aniitaki^e rjeached Mi by (Alb. Rav.^ 
^' Mr. Datvid Bitovta and ttad Blet. M^.ChMetivbjf 
^'^bgiBV tbe foAAifir l^tlcmiati in |MM<;i^;^ 
^ .divine Beniea had^ bfeeii r^ulttily c^ntibMI^^* 
* aia«Dnw<Kit^uidiHeMWingeoti||^^ '^ii& 
V Society, th«» dnqppointed i& tfh«ir M^di^lMitfili^ 
^ rMpecting Mv.fClaric^,- hay^ U)3^itfei*i# dul^'^' 
^ TOQffeitto iadanotiwr Mideoeed Hifll, ttMvMtti->^ 
^^ e«fr€fi«ct. Cooftu^mabiy to Mr. CbMfktf's 4^^ 
'^ dr^ ^ fltateimftt of th^ expeoceti kicuvrtfdiby 
!^r^ Soeiety for his e<]piitMneiit and pOMi^ib 
^ I^dia; has becti sent tibhitti, in ordwHuyb^btt' 
« iM^ refund the teme. The Society YeM^Ugiufi^ 
^l wittedf their very <«rdial* tlMudis to M«||ir£ 
lb JBrnuru and 0»'en, arid in testiinottjT th^l^f 
5(haive defired their accef^tafiee ilcvendfcyr.iOft d 
^5 pbchet of books, Mteeted for tlieir pt^vMelBdV 
%r^n eoofidenl ^xpeetation that Che great tiitfid' 
^^iof tile*^Gbdr<ih will in his own good (iif^ nl^e 
^^:iip'MHMirer»to cultivateeVerypart o^Ul Ti«e^ 

*' pecttniary eneourag^mait to «ach as shall t)e 
'^ engaged in the work of the Mission at Calcutta, 
'' and entertain the most sanguine hopes that die 
*' work will still be carried on by competent 
'^ agents, to the glory of God^ and the welfitre' 
'* of men's souls* 

'* The Rev. Mr. Gericke, at Madras, mentiefns 
7 that he had made three jourfiies in thc^pi'eced- 
" ing year, viz. to Ransheburam, whfer^ he had 
" preached" to a great concourse of people in the 
'• court of the great Pagoda, to which he went' in* 
*^ search of copper-plates, said to 'contain the-pri- 
'' vileges of the several casts, and to be there pfe-* 
^' served ; to Pullicat, where he preached in Ger-* 
'^ man, Portuguese, and Malabar, ' christened' 
^f many children, and some aduli^; and ta Vfel- 
" loVe, whither he had received an invitation, 'id'' 
consequence of his being indisposed, and v^^here 
he soon got well. At that place he preached 
'' several times, catechised and christened many 
children, visited (he hospital, and dispersed 
among the soldiers a considerable number of 
the Society's tracts. He mentions the death 
" of an old convert, named Parfcien, who had* 
'' followed Mr. Gericke from Negapatnam to 
Vepery. By the confessions, prayers, and 
praises of this man, during his last illness, he 
gave proof of his knowledge of Jesus Christ, 
and of the hope that was in him, particurarly 
on the day before his death, when he received 









1 j^rcseutj Mr, Gericke inegtions^.tji^. having;; 
"^ intro4uced p discigliae ^,R9"S *i!>^. iRcmbprs oC 
/ hia Halibarian congregation,, by whicJi the 

P^Ppfe were led tO: appeal to him, and other* 
'^' as^pqiated with him, in varidus cases of com- 

plajbt between manandman^. instead o^ ap-- 
'*' .plying to the mag;istrate. An institution, the 

benefit of which, he observes, was much felt 

aiid' esteemed By the people. IVfr. Gericke 

mentions the very inffrw state and superan- 

/^ nuation of Mr. Fabricius, and* in ap9stscriptA 

^y written some Jays after, add«^ that he wa^ da- 

/* Uvercd out of tl^ miseriai of ,^his sinful 

'^ world,. .... ,. . , ■ 

: /: The Rev. Mr. Pohle, from Tirutchipapally, 

*T , states, that he had baptized 75, among" wJ^oiA 

** Sf^adult lieatliens, and 1 child, 

" JRpceivcd 8 from popery.^ 

** Buried 39, be'slde 103 Europeanif of the gai** 
'' rison and hospitaL 

'^ AdAniui*tered the sacramont to J 55. 

" Married 16 couple. ^ . 

'/ ^Ir. Pohle .n\oj\lions the ciiution with whiofr 

." he always admitted adults U^Clhiri^ianbajMlisni^ 

" satUified that there .were porsotuj who applied 

'" fur the admsuifitnUion.of that.oriUmwc^rttwith 

'; vjyt'wtrr views ; and cxpericivce^hayiiljjj taught 

a:\.^^J?/i:^l**^^-'^? niau is not ix^\^\ cdi.iiQQMc5d.iu hi* 
"^ ininoKf, ^on\, but is vjisyjly indifferent about hid 


" heiiig h. Unt^, ti^d abdttt that S&Vldiir fibni 
'^ sin, whom €rod oilt of hid infinite mercVhath 

' f 

^ given to the woHd, he is HOt fit fdr the king- 

ddm of Godi To a kaewied^e of the langMge 
of Canaan must be Idded the p^W6r of goflli- 
^ nesi, or the man i$ n<H (whatever his<Dhris6an 
•^ jprttfessions-maybe) to be depended upto. 

''^ Mr. Swartz entertains great hopes -that Ihe 
^' congregation and school at Ramanadaburaitk 
^' wonld. be taken care of much better than here- 
• tofore, as many labourers had been sent into 
that Vin^ard. Heretofore th(^ Missionaries of 
Ti-anquebar permitted one of their country 
priests bccasionally to visit Paiamcotta^ but as 
one of them died^ and the other became sickly^ 
^' the English Missionaries thought it eiipedient 
*** to • dispense their Lutheran ordination to one 
^ of their own native catechisis^ named Sattia^ 
*' naden^ who had performed the functions of a 
^' catechist for 'many years, and had given suffi-i 
'^ cient proofs of ability and faithfiilness. Ac^ 
*' cordingly, on the 26th day of December, 1790, 
^ Sattianaden received ordination at th^ hand 
** of the Missionaries, according to the rites of 
^' th«B Lutheran chUrch, in otie of thfe cortgrega- 
'' tions of the Mission oti the coast of Colroman- 
^ del, connected with the Society. On which 
'' occasion, he delivered i seniion in the Malabar 
^J[ or TamUlian language, an English traiislatioa 


'' of which, by Mr. Kohftioff, Mr. Swarte trans- 
^' mltted to the Society. 

'' The Society, dlefetaifcg'^a production so ex- 
traordinary, wprthy of the public eye, have 
caused this translation to be printed and pub- 
''^ lished, in order to evince the capacity of the 
'' natives for undertaking the office of the 
'' ministry, and to shew that the efforts of the 
" Missionaries in India have not been in vain. 

'^ The Society received it with joy, aud it will 
" afford the highest satisfaction to every Member 
^' of the Institution, if this specimen should, be 
*^ received by the Public, not as a curiosity, but 
'' as an evidence that the work of God is ad- 
'' vancing in India, and the light of the Gospel 
spreading through those regions of dairknesa 
and idolatry. 

The sermon of Sattianadcn, printed by- the; 
Society, is here giveiu 


Translation of a Sermon in the Maiabar 
'' or Tamulian language; co^nposed and 
" preached by Sattianaderiy on the 26th dkh/Of 
*' December, 1790, when he recehed brdi- 
'* iiation according to the rites : of the Zn^ 
'' tlieran Church, in one of the congfega- 
" tions of the Mission on the coast of'Qo- 
'' romandel,, connected with the Society for- 
'**' Promoting Christian 'Knowledge. 


.V ' 


• ic 

THE discourse which is here presented to 

'* the public, under the sanction of the Society 

^' for promoting Christian Knowledge, was trans- 

' '^ mitted with* the last dispatches from the Mis- 

'^ sionaries on tlie coast of Coromandel, and is 


'' now published, in order to evince the capacity 
'^ of the natives for undertaking the office of the 
ministry ; and to sliew, that the efforts of the 
Missionaries in India, have not been exerted 
'* in rain/ 

Elegant diction, harmonious periods, and 

brilliancy of expression, will not be looked 

'^ for, in a discourse composed in the Malabar 

^ or Tamulian language, and translated into 

^f English by a foreigner. Such* as it vras re- 

" ceived, such is it given to the public! The 

'f Society deemed every correction, except tliat 

^f/ of . literal, or. vevbal eri^ors, tot^ly u^njustifiable. 

' ^^ Saittianaden, as he informs us himself, ts a 

*f. Ueatben by birth, and a Christian only by in- 

^ 4itruction. He has served the English 'Mission 

*^ for some years in quality of a catechistj^ Hnd 

^. upon receiving ordination according to the 

i' rites of the Lutheran Church, composed'Tind 

^» delivered the following sermon in (ine'of'the 

'.' congregationis of the Protestant Mission on 

^* the coast of Coromandel. 






V f Thit U is really his compo9itiop»( Uie^eft^jr 
hba no doubt; the fact is .fuJJy4^tifie(i»by jttie 
correspomdence of the Mlssionarjjs^ Aodia 
abort dcdapsUaon to this ^Sbct i$ psifl^Ji^d jn 
the baud' writing. of Mr. Svfartg. Thwfrii^o 
.have h^ard of Mjc. S\wf ts in 'Engkuddj : pr 
l^tve • kviowii . him in . ; Indfai know timt . .be 
^\ is incapable of al&cmingpusky tbipg bl4 tbe 
strictest, truth. • ^ 

And if this is a truth, bpw 6aiisfaptory^iqi}st 
*J l^e the re^exion, that a singlp poul lil^e S^tt^ia* 
'f nadw, h^s.bfiei[i rescued frpnsi beatliep ,f}a|it* 
ness, and brought to the knowledge of .J^^9 
f. Qhrist ? a knowlege npt such . as too m^py of 
V the , Romish converts attain^^^ but -a knoyv- 
ledge unto salvation^ a knowle(]^ which does 
honour to his iustructors^ arid wbju&h tlie niost 
enlightened members qf our o>v9 Churcb WPUld 
glory to have instiljeid* < . 

Sattianaden^ though not the first £rai(^< of 
the Gospel in India^ as a ministeF (far some 
'' few others have been ordained undeir the 
*^ Danish Mission) is the first whos^. conifioisition 
*' has been thought worthy of beipg t^ra^ldioitted 
^' to Europe. 

^' The language of this discoqrsq ouig^t .not 

^"^ to be judged of through tt^e mfsditim /^f a 

^' transli^tion ; for though Mr. KQlhoflT, the trans- 

^ lator, is a native of Tranqucbary bprriof 

^^ Cferpaan parents^ and possesses^ the Xam.uljan 





**** tongiic Nfroifl lil^ Ihfency, %nd tli« Biigli^i by 
bis hitertouri^e with our country in^n^ ii'w but 
r^ason^e taallcMV^ that .the irauslaticin, ^how- 
^^'€veriaithfiiL- must still be.siibjoct4o the.lftti-> 
•^* ^or df * all 'tramlsttions^ ^hen 'Gompared wj|th* 
^"^.the orjginaL; and , must have^uffei^ still inose^ 
''^ by adapting European expression to orientate 
-''ideas. J^everthele^, soaie .perhaps will be 
^ pleased to feel, with the writei- of this address^. 
, '^ that there .is a simple and tender strain of 
•*' eloquence which pervades the whole, and 
'" wliich »we often seckior in ,vain in works ,of 
^^ art and refineinont 

'* In point of composition, tlie work staitSs 
^* on much si^perior ground, the order, perspi- 
^ ^ciiitj;, .and Tcaawledge .of the subject which 
^^ appears througliout, would do credit to those 
'*^ who%tt?e been *long trained in *thc habits of 
^ jcom,posing^ and if .the natives (rf India ^ossa«;.H 
' by nature^ or can arrive by Ju^Unu.ticni at jper-. 
^ fbction to such a degree, .let it laot b^.iaidlAiy 
'* 'fcnger,' that tlicy ai^ deficient in.aiKy qiliJili- • 
'*j^ >rhti€^ns that fit men for the office of RbiiorV 
^^^AdTe^icWsmlhieChurchof ('iicist. - " 
" At what time it will please God Jo, r»lWhc 
•^oGc^iJ^ to the k'nmvfecfg^c x>f the G<;s[>cl, or 
*« \Vhcthtrtie will make.use of usiis instnuxK&Us, 
^ IsUno^m only to • li'imlself:? but ,vvo kno^u-' this, 
*^*g^eat worit is to- be adcomplislied, if we^-en- 

^ £^0^ i^^ il* tlierd' is sotoe nicrit. even in tlie 

^' frft^mpt ; aildif we hope for soccess^' uie mmst 
7 employ th^^meani to obtain it ; eitiraordiiMsry 
^^ gifts of the Spirit have ceflLsed; but the method 
** of conducting our endearonrs^ and' the 'model 
''for erectihg' a Church, are left, us by the 
'* ApoiBtles.^ 

'^ It has been often said/ that the natives of. 
' India are of too feeble i spirit to' be entrusted 
" with the conduct of any arduous underiaking ; 
'< if this Is tiue in pai t, it applies rather to the 
^' more enervated' inhabitants of Bengal^ than 
^^ to those on the coast, and throughout the pe- 
ninsula : or if it be true as a gene^ral maxim, 
still those who are instructed at present by the 
^^ Missionaries, or may be instructed hereafter 
by native teachers, will be superior in propor- 
tion to tlieir countrymen, and be rendered ca- 
pable of conducting a Church, if not of 
erecting it. 

But, wri are not to estimase thft talents of 
*' the natives, in regard to steadiness and firm- 
ness of mindj to their aptitude for gTeat sys- 
tems of commerce, extent of political arrange- 
ments, or cqmprehensive military plans, by 
the standard of Europe ; for let their abilities 
be what they may, in all these points, (and 
certainly t'ley are far greater than Europeans 
in general are pleased to allow) they are still 
possessed of qualities which fit them admi- 
^' rably for the reception of the Gospel, if their 










|Mrejiuli(;e8 « if ere . xjMe coarcf ,ted;i3 TJaj ' -arc ^ 
chabacterized l^y. meekness^ 0«ntlaiiei|s/:'|ind a 
tranquil spirU ; tbe^r inh^rii; a courage of t^at 
'[ kind, "wbicJi I Gonq^rs .even violence,: ipaOJV 
''' Sand oppreflHipn> by patient suffering'. v ': *• 

V But we do great injustice to the naliff^4n-\ 
'' diansy and an'Ogate too much to oUrselvc^j; if^ 
^ we tbink theiri our inferiors in mental ca|)6^ity 
'/.. or understanding^ ; the- well-educated Britfiini, 
^S are' acknowledged by all who liave -beeii. in. 
'f India, to be aa capable of all the refinement. 
^^ ^f learning, to possess as penetrating, quick,. 
'^ and rc^ady faculties, as any set of men in the 
tf universe ; and it will probably be found, if the 
'f' , experiment can be tried, that many may be^ 
'* sfelected from the inferior casts, as well a£f the 
^' «uperior, with equal talents and abilitiecr, if 
" they were called forth by proper culture and 
*' education. 

'' Of ^vhat particular caRt Sattianaden is, does, 

'^ not appear from the correspondence of the 

'^ Society ; we have good reasoti, however, . tc^ 

'^ believe, he is one of the superior casits ; 

y'*" whether he is. an adult convert, or trained up, 

o^' in theiknowled^^e of Christianity from his in-^ 

\'' feiBKJji; is onktKiwn ; but this >vill at least be^ 

^'' aHoweil, tliat'w^hatcver deficienci^es the nativej^ 

:/' may have, if we may judge by the specimeij^ 

'^ he has given us, they are possessed of elor 

" qiience, eloquence of the most pathetic kind» 



** and as weQ fitted to promote tlie intiire«il8 of 
^ tke Gospel^ as atiy species of tliat art^ which the 
^ > moit enlighlenedEiiropeans could communicate. 
^ There are two dbstacles only which are of 
toiy cons^^iJence, to impede the prog;res» of 
the Gospel in India ; the pr^udice of the ' 
^opla^ and the condition of the converts. 
^- Prejudice however does belong to such a^ arc 
-*' tyaitied up Christians from their infancy ; and 
"the condition of converts will be bettered, 
'd!& they become more numerous ; it is Iifceirisc 
to !)£ hoped, that the genertil prejudice of the- 
hatives will diminish in proportion lo the suc- 
cess of the schools, opened by the Missionaries 
for teaching the English language : the natives 
at present, in the midst of all their idolatry, 
are sufficiently disposed to admit the belief of 
one only God, supreme author and governor 
(?f the universe ; and whenever they shall be 
enabled to xcad English for themselves, it may 
not be impossible to convmce them, that God 
^ has sent a Redeemer for mankind, ^^ • ' 

•* Neither would the condition of converts 1^ ' 
^ s64inhappy, if wlicn driven from their ettst,' 
;"'and rejected bj their countrymen,- they fetifid' 
^'^ eoantenancc and protection from fcifrdpeafrs " 
*-^Thc English in India aretooready to ridieme' 
^ -emiversion , and despise the converts ; btiit-as 
^^Uiiir prejudices against the 'Mi^sionariesarQ 
^^Viveartitg but* fi% their public -and 'pn^-ata 





^'.langtiage beai« tertimony td th£ i^ow labban 
of a Swirfes, a C^erick^i and a Polthc^ so miy 
we.hope^ thsrt by de^eestbey wSl be bvottgfat 
to receiye and employ the coaverte^ wha are 
(he work . of their hajods^ to cherish^ oomfortj 
aad protect them. • ^ 

One great object of the Society in offearn^ ' 
this discourse to the public^ is tbeir desire 't)f 
drawing the attention of those who are dis-/ 
^ posed to the promotion of this picas work i^tid 
^ labour of love* Their hopes are enlarg^ed by • 
'^ the accession of so useful a minister as Sattia* 
'^ na^den ; they pray that he may be the instni^ 
^ meat of conversion to his brethren, and they 
*^. trust, that the prayers of all good men wili 

* be united wHh their's before the tiirone of 

* Grace." 

\ ■ ♦ . 

" A SERMON, &c. 

'' O most merciful God, Lord of heaven and 
^ earth, how great, how trantfcendant is thy* 
^ love and mercy, which thou hast showed; fo as 
'' sinful cireatares! No human tongue^ noc.evm * 
^ angels themselvea^ can describe iLs greatn^- 
^' and excellence; Thou hast declared that jthQu^ 
^' j^t no pleasure in the dteath of the wic]^^,»« 
^' but that the wick^ed turn frpm his way Md*v 
^ live ; and from the very beginning thou hn^t - 
f^ testified thy gracious dcsigas tow^ds «s \^ ^ 




various inctanees^ and above all things by 
pending tby Qnly Son to seek and to save th^t 
*\ which wa* lost. And as thou earnestly de- 
sir^st that every one should repent aiid be 
' .ma4e a |mi1ja|Jker of Christ's redemption^ tfaou 
callest sinners to repentance by the ministrp.- 
tion ^ of thy servants, whom thou qoalifiest 
'i fox that sacred office by the knowledge of thy 
wocdj and the gra,ce a^nd strength of thy 
blessed Spirit : tbou art ready to receive into 
(hy divine grace and &your all those who sin- 
cerely turn unto thee^ to pardon aU their sins^ 
to adorn them with the righteousness of Jesus, 
', and to make them for ^ver happy. We praise 
'f and adore thy name for thy divine grace and 
^^ mercy; and as we axe now met together ta 
^ meditate on that gracious declaration whkh 
** thou' hast made, ' As I live saith the Lord, I 
*' have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, 
*' but that the wicked turn from his way and 

V live ;' We intr^t tjiee^ Q moat merciful Rather, 
to be with u^ s^qd to fi^e us sensible ?df our 
sinful and lost condition, und the e^tensiveness 
of th^t salvatiqn thou hast wrought out for us j 

" and grant the ^ace and strength of thy Ue^e^ 
'' Spirit to me tjiy servant, a^ to ' t^y pepjple 
'\ who aie heie met together to heat thy- j^d^ 

Y through Jesus-Christ oux Lord. Ameii.Vt' ' 









I.- t 


>' Esisiuitxxxiii. V. 11. ' ' 


Jts I Heey'^aith the Lord '^d, I hafoe no 
pleasure m Hie death of the wicked, hut 
that the wicked turn from !Ub may and the; 
turn ye, turn ye fromye^ir eml ways, for 
why will ye die, O house ^f Israel. 


*' THIS text is full of the mpst divine encou* 
'I ragement for siaful creatui^es to turn udto God, 
'' .and to secure an interest in his.favwr ; for it 
«bew8 06 how the mind of God is di^poied. to- 
wards such^ and how desirous he is of tibdr 
^ salvation. ' As I live saith the Lord God^ I 
'^, baire iao pleasure in the death of the wkked/ 
/' As his existence has vso end, so this graciotts 
** dedaration. shall not cease ia its force aaid in^ 
fluence ; * evevj repentirig sinner, therefore, 
#hOj enconmged by this gracious declaratioh^ 
sincerely returns unto God, shaU at last iiftd 
that bis hopes have not been vain; thbugh 
formerly' he has wandered in the ways * of» stn, 
and though his mind be still under various 
'^ doubts and fears ; for this precious pron^ise is 
confihned by Ali oath, on which therefore every 
repentinfg sinneir may ground his hopes *of 
pardon, €md eternal happiness. In treating* of 
it, let us consider the following particulars : 







/ .>^>irT6 whom thc^offem of diviaci mer^^ ntw 

^'.-made*' '*-''' ' 

^f^ IL The \my stud mtant df obtaining tbc 
**^.bteMtAg8 offered in this divine promise. 

^' HI. Wimt'those inestimable blessings kie, 
V '^ L.Jjet us consider to whom the offer of 
^' dif it^e mercy is ,made. The persomi to viiiom 
/^' this ''gracious promise is made^ are adl man* 
•t^'kindj ]Vf ho though endowed with rational soulsr 
.^f^ and well framed bodies^ blessed with great 
4^•*ir4liville gifts of the mind^ and with the com- 
i^^.fojrts and conveniences of this life^ though 
^^iidaUyprotectied from all dangers^ and receiving 
f ^"iJonuaieiable blemnga finom the paitema} hands 

f^ -of itheir Maker ; have dkobeyod his kwfr^ dis- 
tff honduMd his name^ resisted the dictates of the 

'^ blessed Spirit^ and pursued the skifal desires 
H*^ jaf:thetr;d^praved hefurt. Melancholy and veiy 

f^, hamiljating as tin aasertioO' k, cons^Atmdk, 
tff 'tadtth^ unenrin^ wiord of €bed^; conoiir in de- 
^'.>it]arin^ it toxbe tniee. L^ us hear whait the 
.^^ sacred Scriptttire saya on this headj Ron. ni. 

0^'iO^^lli. V ' Thire is none nghteods^ no not 
-5^' one, there is 'none that nndeiBtand€th> there 
^1" is^ none' that ^seeketh after Gody they are sH 
gone oiit . of the way^ they are tog^her b^- 

^^ com^ unprofitable^ there is Aone. thiKt doeth 

*' good> no not one.' This- is: the moamfal dt* 

^ scription which the wonlj of God gives 6f 

^\pyef^ j(Hti& whQJsof'the laee •of Adam; and 


t : 




and his conduct, will no doubt own the.obarge^ 
;aad acljLiiP'^vl^dgi^^U^t hft; isr^ft guitly ^deature 
by naturCji wbo has depgi)^ Jl^m Goc^ aijd 
jproved disobedient to hi& CQmioaiyhnetetb. 
'^ Another denoininatiga which M.gitea t» 
men^ and by wliicli the ^i«at mrr«ptio& tX 
mankind is pointed <mlb i9 that Bftvieifledv 
i, e. depravecji creature8>. who are become <jdid^ 
oQected to God and bpliqesa^ and uuUff!ureii4 

*' for jtbeir interest in his favour ; whoae hearto 
ar^ set upon the things of lliis worlds and 
upon the ^^ratification of their depeaved deairet 

'' an4 .aSectioo0. What abominaUe ainaiand 
injqwties ^pisivig firom thi^ oovrapt fituntain^ 
vfs^ /pajf I'^araa from the word»^Qf St Paat^ in 

- " .Of tl)e man; instanceft the vaaoeoimitabfe 

/^ And ungrateful behavioor of the lanaelitas* to^ 

/.>\«ards ,God^ sewte as a melancholy proof of 

'\ : tbe : grf»t . d^mvtty oi mankind. God alioito 

r. tk^^Oi fcMT his peoidiaff people; hegave tiiem 

^f' hit la!K». tQ diiject them ia tbe way o{ holfte8»» 

-iV.ilpd. )iw itvi«te promises oonoeming tbe;Re% 

i/i 4iQfin)«r> tQt^hew th^m. h*w th^y.^wwe toiob- 

tfj tanLpaardoa /if sins. By bcistqwingiithfise jand 

j^'jiroaiQriotbficgreatpiriTUeges, wkfoh auemen- 

• !'j (Hwu^ fay i^t.. Bral in Rom; . be. 4. JBdd 

\^' umie ttiem », gloriouS' hationt; buiitbougli fa^ 

'''rvpttr^ll ^Yitb SQ- many and gXffW Ijenefii^ they 




** n«veftittleibmade lUe'iiiMt itii i nii% Wfci iiu 
" toi thttm Mtkerand-ldiiii -BM«ftuim>,' «I4 fKtH^ 
" Voked hhfr% «liobiyinfr1itt4ailm 9^»Mw-' 
** ini^thesmf^I ciAlMg:«f tfae(Healilnt)s4ii«iir--* 
*'.8liipi|yii% idols, and eiKnmittmg»'d6iertalMni-'' 
''.nibfepntctices ; and tiK)U|^ God ndmh i iiii l wd 
'"tbfem by hifl strvftots to tura "utatd' hia/ -j^t 
they refttMid to heaii(«Ky atad diade <i%bt of -ill ' 
hit^gradtfoa'advionitiom ; thoagli by'-siidh to* 
'i;rtftefid behaviour they had deiferfed' lobe ie- 
jefceM-ftntneelikely, yet a n«»«lfiit GodftlMlv«d ' 
*' hia patience and ronj^-sA£Mn^ to«#aFdti dMtti. 
■'He Mift b^ serr^mta to them ag«i» and ftgnlii, 
"'■ttid eidled thetnto ^{)eAtah(#by pimSMM 
*':fiyff(jh, 'aridby'^r6a!foiif\^g9'to ^iahish Cheof 
"'rf>tHey tefawirt t«4 '«b<!y. '"Tlfe ptOpbetl Mide' 
'McnMrn ttnto<4hem, iiY'-lh« iduhe'of ttMr)L&td/ 
** ^m-fP^hey irdl^ed'tb' tieftHt^ir; they ^tM' 
"•4)ffl!g>%n<ehcmJreM«es We VehgeandJ^of t»eir 
*' .lifSft^'* -ami f^ftf'if {fa^y<'p^er8{stedf^tlfek<'fe. 
"•'TJelfiori,' the?r 'teifiple fend 'tH*if cttfaiMKi\» 
"•dAtrtyed;- -and* tt>a« fticy sftbrfd B^tom^'tte 
"'captrfes of those VMifJhs Whohi'tfierf AShftWd, 
»'-iv<id shoumopilress a'ndalBifctthM"'i»ftfHteu* 
tHey WhottW- be cfeprived of Ml those -fmSb^," 
• wfth-wWtih they wctt ikvoiirftd." tttrf ^^thii' 
made 'no'- impression hiwri ftieiA',' ' tlift/'ffiiife-" 
garded sd? tHe kind'^varningg df ihfe if ' M^k^r/ 
" and" continued to do <^hal\va« pKasin^ Ib'tt'^ir 
" widcetl heart. •' '" "* 


" a* 


*!?WHit ^wHUtfOB^ tliMiMMral.viMp'tMi tli^* &t^99, 
^ dMdH» GQiidaM^«fvalkfllb«r*«mi wlKr ave not 
'^ irliMagt^^aiiiir jx&rami by 4be bkiNd Spirk; 
^ friaiifty pvones ^how tiftfinl «nd eonritpt tfaey 
'^ iMttf forv tf 1^ ofieii ottr eyes Siid look tuoni^ 
ikmmIotJ'. jbMitir '4o men make . Ugbt ,of lh6 
licbca/iofi' God^s gMctaeai/ : ferbeftranee * und 
Joiif^-tiifRfrijlgpii^. iMkkiimifiiig that*thd|;^odae88 
".of iQod.IetA^th them to - nepaatance: How 
'' -diaibeiie&t . to t^A coaOnaiMitaeiiti i^ their 
'1 C^fiOTy. «¥l kittd Banefiidor ? And what un- 
wMBthy rn^ttn|9 ^o they, make, for the inaa- 
mexfUh .bkimg9 and benefits which ha hts 
bertOTTied iqpiOQ them \ Such baae ii^ppatitttde 
"mMelir.if K^oythf of the severest peMMai^ 
^Iwl iuqb uijhe laercy and patieace of oar 
Hififmi ^%^i spMes guilty aad ungMtefiil 
^l fMaturei/ wiUA^ldft the iamediata^ eaecitkm 
.oft %w$ penalties which he has thigeataaed, 
,HVti^4)nd^TMff9 to bring them to repentancaby 
c<*»»«?^^ ■P^wy^i by his giacigiis promigaB, 
jgidbyJMf t)iJKi|tfiningi and, oonections ; and 
^^t)Mplli w^ the Ii^yi^lites had profoked him by 
i^>t|kf»;..|nttltq^e4.w cUd not i^eipt them» < 
''^9r|^niifi^ tl^ein m their sins bad desenfed, bat 
\f^^rf^%^ then ,^ a^n 4ii4 (U^bedience^ and 
^|[^i^.tbye,i^offep|.of pardon and grace in 
t^'^^r'^^^ *^ to, ii^pentance ; and all 

#.fP ,^???.?f iftf^*^^ P**^**^ w^i«*» 

,f he had made-«*^ As I Uve saith the Iiord^ I 









Jbave 110^ pleMmr^ in die ddi^di of ^Iba ffifked ;" 
and esipepiaily forfthe «aked tbe J^^pqier 
whoa G<Ki had promjuieil, not, only J^r. fbe 
salvation ofr the JevKs, but of i#..ni9pkipd. 
Crod fa^ prooiised that the RedeonWfff Ihe 
^vorid wajs to be bom of -the Jewish ^latioii; if 
^^ Crod had destroyed that nation, hoy^ cnaJd^Jlhii 
*' pronvse of a Saviour have beisn fuljlttedr^r^ 
^' other 4ia(ions' would tiien^ no doubt;' hnv^.p^ 
rkihed likewise ; lor > if we had had BO.|lOi> 
deemer^ what other would our *cQii<j|lt|OD ba 
than that of baing banished for -evoT' hon .the 
presence of our Ct^eator^ williaut^ ibm «iiMt 
hopes of pardony and ^ anduring* aU ^ 
dreadful conseqaetiees of v^ sin aii4'disfibeT 
'' dience lowaids God^ But as <Qad 
pkawre in the death- of ihe . wickedy God 
therefore preserved that nation m whi^ihk 
*' Iledeemer was to be born* 

'' This gracious promise God fnlMad fia:t|iia 
" thne,.Gd: iv. b. He sent he ASess^ tb* 
'• RedecmeTj in order to deliver tho^e v^hfr.iaefa 
'' ttnder the.cnrse of the bw ; he laid ixpffn Jiitk 
'< all those penalties due to our disphR^nn^^'lmA 
'^ tnade hsm who knew no sin to W an <4%ivi^ 
^f for our sins; and thus God has nOt ^ahty jl^On 
^ rifted, his mercy, but has vindicated hia. tk^ 
*} ness and justice ; and has given ua the moA 
*'' awfel assoMnce that he was not a God.lo bb 
"^ ,tei%d^ y^lb^ 9tnd' that the s^n of hi/9 ^^jpsfkimrcia 








•; €c 



^ SfcfeUM 'iik^%6''^^vl^m^^^^^ Vpared 

^' ' taUl^ 5^* sin^^rs; iVlii nevef §paf e^fty crea- 
'^ fti^fe; • wte jifemSt'in Weir rcHellTin: ^ ' 

By'^'dtiHtt^kH those ^eMlKfes 8*6 16 our 
sins/'dW^fessed RMeemer htti Mde a ftill 
*' atonemAi^ for all oui* sifts, he has rcfmoTed all 
** oiir ctirse, And has laid a firm fotiridMidA for 
^ btirlibliness and happiness. 'AttdOrd hiriisetf 
^ iasf given the strongest evidence of th€ siiffi* 

* ciehcy of his ktbrietrifent to save te froni our 
^ sins, by raising him from the dead; atid'ef* 
^ ttltingMtti to'his right hah(^, Whc^e'li^ is in* 
** vesfetf tHlK ttll pdwer in h^vcfn arid iii earthy 
•' fend wh<*e he ever livefh to Me^c<*di Tdi' \ii 
'^ and to apply the benefit* of his fed£iftptI6ii. 

'^ Afe our bleteed Sttvl6ftf JlBstfJ CairisThas 
^ rtadfe k fall atorieiherit fi>r buf 6ifis, and has 
" laid a foundation for pardon £nd'' HdlSb^ncc, 
** God efflfera IHib reconcilUition to iniifiA men, 

* anfl ihvMeth them to Accef)t df thie sahatidh 
** i^iighf otft by Jfesds Ch«dl. Tfes gtaiabui 
'^ prdfitite bontltfned in the text W6« eft first 
^' Hv«fl t6 tlie Jews, 4na our Savlou* liiiiteeTf 
^ ia|>|feare€ atnoh^ them; he ttiade kndWn unto 
'* tWem thfe wiH and couAleT <tf hid #'atfi^r, Ancl 
'^ proved hfi'diViht^ ihistfon by thds^ wohd^ul 
^ i^^ i/fWeh !ie perforAn6d, and at KUC li€ ^uf- 
'^ fUrm hits died !i6 tM lAidrt of tlf^a It was 
^ tS (Mft' iMtidn, ftMt of sib, t6it' God 


:'' F0pc)iit£RiJce>iaitdi jfanthiti» Jbe^pvoatched^ «ifi m 
^' fnaxly to nl^e^ (h» tall ht? itomjimd f$|^»(into 
/^'ifiisgtace and oiorcy rfol^ the b^^af tba.ile- 
'^^ deen^/'Aiough' foriMi%^thityr!wepe^;giuJty of 
.'^ thi^ gFoatestiingvatttude tovranb favto. liBjHkall 
^f 'those v^odespiiBed tiie 0ffe09.i9f(ihi».»^6y^; he 
^"^ gaTemp'ta tbetr.oWn \i^i/ an4:!nia4fe r,tl|ein 
H^td examptss of his Justice^ t^^ p^ere 
night fear him, and he priev?Mip4,^B?^fl^ ^ 
/^ abuse, hid gooctoess,* hut to tiifn ffrpnit Jtheir 
m'^ sins unto hiia^, the sowce of -idl^ltbQ^, hap- 

'^ Bat, pmified be Oqd, he haAris^^^hie iffefi 

;^^>of his grace 'aot only known to tbeJevtB^ hut 

'*^ itf «6 ' Jikevvide who are of. the £kn>4^fiisy and 

*^/ wh6 are ^ utterly unwarAy lof itaeb rioftiite 

, 'f mptcyr;^ far we werfc vcfy fiur gone «^rtray [from 

^' Slimi harreaicted as his eaeinie6> and- provided 

. ^ inm by oar great and multiplied vm land tsans^ 

^' '' gressions. Theapoatle St. PauldeiiQi^ibw the 

^^ sad case of tlie Gentiles^ as like wise njdie«liap- 

^^ pMiess of' those who have sinterely cnibrAced 

'* Chfistianity, in his epistie to the 'Bplttaauft» 

«^Heh.'ii. 1% 18: 'At that titaie ^j^e wete 

^' witiiout Christ, being aliens :fi*dm<itbe)iboiA* 

'^ wotiwealth of Israel^ and stkmigen-rfiicia^the 

^ covenant dl proiAise^ having) f. tip <kope;( and 

/' Withont God in the worid; b^t.^iKkWiiil (Shrist 

•V Jtaus ye who Were'somMines &r offj ettemade 

^< Dl|rh by.tho blood of Ghtist/ God hfts shewed 



'^ Ihe tarme unspeakablci ' niei^y to us Kkewisc; 
1^/ toik^itmsiiMl! the mivitig ;Ug&A of the glo- 
'^'Hmk4 Gcsfnd 15^ shine uponi bb^ Msko ivtere 
:^ vittiog *iti> ^arhrtess, and niulpF tlie i^nnioiv of 
if^ AeUth ; *te iias mstde' htionra unto us whAt h^ 


>^ hasdiMieifbr ouf i«klvation, and the ^my of lob* 

'^ffciirtto^^^ hid grace and favour r to this end, 

'^ <feat "he ' might shew forth th« prtiises of him 

-^ -trtid Wi* called us from darkness unto'hlstnar- 

'*♦ Vellous ligftt. 'O let us be thankful for thii 

^Un^pedcaWe mercy, - and endeavour to live 

as it becomes those who are made partakers 

^ luch' unspeakable grace and fe^our. ' 

■* •'' Mete It may be objected, that the rejection 

^ of the JeiVs tvas contrary to the prbh)in which 

^^ CkNi lAade to their fiEithers. I answer, that by 

^ the* ri^ctioti of the Jews, ia meant the re- 

/'jectioii only of those who despised .the ^offers 

*< ' of God'-s giiace. The door of merey ia open 

j^' ' feoihenr as Wi611 as to. others, and Godtis wiHin]^ 

^^ (to receWe as. many of'di^m as retura te him 

•^^ : by '.tfae. mediation of Jasus Christ; bn^aidea 

^ ithis; mfiien.that happy period shall come, when 

j^: thejGentile nations shall return uqto tlie JLord^ 

^ 'then. shall Israellikewise turn from their un- 

't^f godHiness, and trust in theif divif^ Redeemer. 

^^f/Tik^ fe plainlyassertedin Rom. xi. 36. * 'So 

^iiSL brael Ahaftl-be saved, as it is written, there 

j^)^*>«haM'^c(mi€f*out nvf Sion the Deliverer, and shall 

^^'«iMitttArdy>ungodliiiiess'fram Jacob, foe ^bts is 






away thduD sipa.' Thja .g^acioiii' pfMOM. <^ 
she^ingi meicy to ]ii9 peopit^-GMwrill' iiflfit 
in doe. tiine* WelLmig^t ipe* tbenfoce-pmisd 
and Jiles^ God in tho«e woodsi.oCitbelpoipiie^^ 
Who is a God like untothee, tfa^t pavAonathf 
'^ iniqaiiy^ and pi^Bsctk by the iransj^eMOBlv of 
th0 ifemnant of big heritage } He rrijiwrtttaot 
his anger for ev^r^ becawe he deligblcthjia 
Do^c^; hewilltnm agim^ he wittlmie'CQin* 
Ipaasion ^o^plM us : he will subdue our iniquities: 
*' thou wilt cast all. their sins in th^ depdia of 
the sea^ thou wilt perform the truiii to Jaooh^ 
and tjie mercy to Abraham^ whic|i tboQ liast 
'•^ sworn unto our fathers from the d&ys of <dd.' 
*' Micah vii. 18 — 20. Let us now consider^ 
II. The way of obtaining the blessings of 
this promise. The way. by wbich men are 
^' to obtain the blessings of this promise is' ex* 
*' pressed in the text^ by turning from tbehr evil 
^' ways : ' Turn ye, turn ye from yom* evil 
'' ways, for why will ye die, O house of Israel ?• 
^' Such a turning (^ a convinced sinner frGpi^iis 
'^ evil ways implies in it a distressing sena^ of 
^' his departure from the' way of God's aom^ 
[^ mandments, and of his ungjcateful behaviour 
^' towards God^ and an abhorrence and renmn- 
'^ ciation of all his sinful courses ; for as long aa 
<^ a sinner ia not affected with a sense of his s^n- 
^' fulness and lost condition^ bijt tia^fifJ^ vfp}^ of 




of 11^ ^tt&^'iQigHltittfle to«i«^ lum rttil^r 

dic«K»(90MilK;twj iA«M^ pewfl'.lt^nto vMre 

nob faiiiiM«4'by i^ |^p. they ifMKe>iiiMriOtt» 

fl^clifil on Gqd^ miA llierefotre thigr. {^firfwn^ti^ 
tp ppr8i]f..th6fdi<^^oi4heiF (tepjEavfrd ^»frt' 

aerftUj) <ko?i«e ikeindiv^^ by h(;f!i9ig; to foe- 
cjom^ r .^j^I^y; bec«LUse theQr CQiiftn'm t^ fl<Hne 
external rules of Christianity^ ^tlite tkeir 
Il^ts . bj:^ . fitiU . ' e^ranged {4 om God ; and 
though ithp' >voi-^ of Qodj andtl^eir owoo^ih 
^c^nsfi tei{9, t|j^m thc^t tb^y Uve ifr this and in 
tbf^. m, a^d that copsequ^ntly, they c^poot 
fee pl^ifl^ to Qo^,, yet they either believe it 
op^ Q(r tm:|[i a deaf ejir to those. ^»lptary vi^ain- 
^t i«g»> , w m^jie 1^ hundred i»hifti^ or ea^cus^^ fop 
it» witj^^mt^ examining the stat^ of their . ^ouis^ 
or cqnsidecin^ to what mi^eiies th^y ure ex« 
poa^j B» thqy go o* in ttieirqiHH>n* 
verte^ #t^te, an^d tt^refore they reip%in in ttieir 
'^ sinful attachment to the worldj aad in other 
^f sinful 4 (:ouis^. But O tlia( snoh would coii- 
f ^ aider hqw dreadf lU th^ir condition is^ as ipn ^^ 








» m 


► 1 

^/^iViifieTy I 4bia^fpi8 l^giasftlfejDCQRtiniie 4n sin^ 
"v/f^b^ i^trp slavee to Sat^n asy^tt^ Ui^ir Iwts, 
^riui(Mi^4heJbi^b.di8pie9wre ^ Go^, a^pfible 

&llyr to fleckur^. Wh<po0)^ Iflve^ sui 4e- 
r ?tl^e|l)r to lOfViQ 90|tl» l>t ^oS'^^|di;<s(R(n^ be 
"^^rftewMck^tno longer - to e^nlmge iii^Aie i^ac- 
'^ tife-e{ m, IhM; let us inta^at' Hi^ ito^. con^Ace 
T:W by:1ii9*blefised'Sptritof ow imifefabIe'Con"> 
'f dfti^tn by fifttnro, and td makf^ us tfuly /3«p$9>fe 
^ntiiereof . Let us cottsider hfm 4i»berfiQnt and 
?. bow^ tt«gtatefal we have bee^ to^v^^i^ lum, 
!^ : iQ.nd Itft tills considc^tion ftU our lieaito ynth 
^ wrroii^^ and excite us ta l|uinMer >oiir8eh'e9 
^''before him. : * 

.1 ^' God coimes npw to the ^r of our heart9, 
and invitee us to accept pf his grace and 
mercy. Osinnors^ tum^ turn; from your evil 
Vf ays, why will you die ? vhy witt you throw 
[ away your immortal souls, and plunge your- 
'^: selves inta eternal death. 9Ad misery ? As I live 
f I hwe no pleasure jn , your death. Hate and 
** renounce therefore your sins, and tura unto 
y n^ by repentance, 8^nd feith k| yotir Re- 
^ idee mer, aiid I will bestow ; uppn* yom the 
V nicjies of my fif^^^ ^<^.^^ Uemngs of par* 
dqn, ri^tepusness, apd^fsteraal lifei 
This wa3|ikQYf.)8^ ^h^ -chief iQtenttipt^ of pur 
V^$ay^^ur;ppl!ea^^iiI|g,^^l^ bis 





^'mifiTrti^y/ Mifiely; io prerafl on sTtme^ to re- 
^^ pMt MWid-'tttn'tbOM^^. ^^IWpent/for the 
<'^Wtigttditf df Gtttt^iffVit!Tiaritf;''yte,'^ SWfl it now 

^^^ifeftfcer thWilgftlhfe^«6#«lffj^ his 

'•'Bofrtrhifj'Tias'^etttrm't^ at6iie*ft* yAut sins, 
'' ' tHat thei^eby he frrfght fey a flfm -ftluntiaifeli f or 
^ y^r1)erffg<ifilt6d td hihi'^^n ; thftTy^Wfey 
^'"share4nth*s^ Wessiftgfe Theik^m/^fep^t; 
'^'^cbMider ho^ yoti Have departed^oifitidd^ iUi4 
'^J h^fw* urigMtfefifl yoil hfere been to him'; andlet 
^ydtfr helffts W'tnfelted thereby into re][)efiftfilce 
^^kh&B6rY6Jit for youp past $in$> and M^ cJjtcited 
^^'M Mtt^Wnd forsake every sin, and lo'loVe and 
«^ seiW Gd*. -tier xig/ therefore^ He pTe\tiiIed 
^[ upon by these gracious calls/ no longer to* con- 
^' *lmut ih feui^ ehttfty againsf God, whb-llsls such, 
^lind' designs tSwaJhds us; but let tli^tUrri unto 
<^^hi*W\tith a genfee of our povert>jr and dintul- 
^/<^i¥eys^' let tfd ackno'vvledge ahd bewail before 
^^1rimmir> sinsr; and r^olve, in depenijiance on 
«/HiJ «<reh^h, to' hate and' to^^tooMnce^them^ 
bn§MA'it6 d^cK^e ^cmtsdved ' 't6 ^^^'saiVicie' of 

• *♦ The'tii»«niri^ df la eonvince'd dWifeiVftom his 
♦*'UiirfaV way^/ infctiideg in' It lille\^>Ii6 a Irflst and 
""Akp^ladencti-bh dhifist for jkrMi ^Vid salva- 
*' tion; all* oui^ 'sbrrbty ft* sin, andVesofUtions to ' 
'*'ttrriend'oliif lives; win hoi takeaway our sins: 
^ \ik Jesqs who haA Atpned' for them, and ha« 





ma^e peace betwef^n Gad.iii4 Iii6»;:;.to2htiiu 
therej&)i;e^ lye must % for refuge«.«udj believe 
in hiiQ aa our Saviour^ and tbCvtoiirMfcof oall 
our liappine^. . Through bU JM^\kmtiffe^ 
ought to draw near .unto Gody And mt^eittiJ^m. 
to grant us pardon of m^^ and an, iq|(^e«tKf in 

'\ his gpace and favour. , This it the wiff tcue 
way of. attaining to theae< iiie6timai)Ie. b^ps- 
Liigp ; for the oracles of God a^ure u^: that lie 
is t|;ie only Mediator betvy:een God and men^. 

*' and that whosoeter believeth iahim shall have 
h'fe everlasting. How unaccountable^, there- 
fore^ is the practice of the Papistf^^ who. in- 
troduce the sacrifice of the mass, and the lae- 

*' diation of saints, as methods of atonement fot 
sin, besides the sufferings of Jesus, and the 
atonement mad^ by him ? and how vain and 
absurd are a}! tbie other labours which men,^ 
ignorant and sinful, have invented to make 

*' atonement for their sins ? The Heathens rest 
their hopes of pardon and happiness on thei|[ 
pilgrimage to Kasi, to Ramesuram, and otl^r 
places of pretended great sanctity^ and on a 

'^ number of ceremonies which are painful to tlift 
body. The Mahometans think they shall be 
accepted on account of their reciting certain, 
form^ of prayer so. many times a day, theij^ 
fastix]g^, and their going to Mecca : and tho; 
Jews hope to merit |ieaven at the hand of Go<l 
Qn, account of their own worJm, ^nd th^ oh- 








f ' «ier7ane9 pf some ceremonjes. . ^m. h^ l» 
5' the detosion of those hopes tp obtje^in pardon 
'' of 91118 through such methods as theii^p, ? Xh^ 
*' atonement of Jesus is th^ Qn^ fQun4ati(>Q far 
pardon 4nd acceptance ; he is the w^ »^l|ich 
we are to draw near unto God; ' fvhpsp^er 
cometfa thrpugh him shall b^ 8|tve4 ^^ 9^^! 
go in ifpd out and fipd pasture/ 4.o)i]jt.x. 9. 
^' We haire uo reason^ to doubt of k, fw Qod 
him^f hath set him forth to X^^ a ptppitiatjon 
f' for the sins of the whole worlds and iipi^yiteth 3iar 
^' nej^ tf) ^e)i€rV$ in him as their Savjoi^jt^ tb^i; sa 
they n^y si^re in the blessings of reden^ption. 
God caU^th us to Ipok on hiq) ^pd be saved- 
sinu^rsji ypu have undone y^ourselves^ a^d, ar^ 
plunge^.into a state of tlie most d^plojcabte 
raiser3r, ojit of which ypu are np,t ^\t ^ da-r 
liver yourselves; but Jespi; your Savjpur i| 
able and ready to s^ve jpu. Be ypur sins .eyejc 
so many^^ ever so great, yet ypu sha\l certainly 
be saved if you do not n^lect t^ie offers of 
grace whiph are made to yoQ. I>?lay^ th^ re;^ 
forcj no. longer to tuyn frpm. your evil wayS;: 
let not youf dpubts and ypur fears keep, yop, aj^ 
'^. a distapcp, but come like the returning p}*o«; 
'' digal with true repentance and iaith ip ypu{ 
^ divine surety, and J will pardon ap your sin^ 
" adqru yop \^iljl^ his. righteouspesa^ renew and 
^' strengthen. yoiiiJ^y my spiiit^ aiid receive you 
'' iBteJ%e ii\u{^Iyrr of myxajidreu. Ohpwkpid, 








^^ how gracieuft is* this kktritafti^-! If ^uret^lovfe 

*^ our^Ves and des^e to ;biscom^ hkppyyiM us ' 

*^ acceiJt <(tf him ^ojir ^VlMn idd hr^^ebt'Ood 

'" \tt hisiimtit to gririt lis for^'fene^^4f kkk sins, 

^^ dtid to i bestow ^tt tw th^ rt«hies of » his jglfcce, 

> Thii^ is thp Way in Whicb Wifc are ttf tortt^nto 

*^ God,; and beeoine {>artakietiB olrjx^^'^ce 

" and mercy'; and. if i^e hdve^'by^e gracfeof 

*-*^ God entered ' on this blessed Vtfy; let Us lake 

^' care that^ do not then think wfe hattk akebdy 

>' attained to a state Of ^erfeetion. -^ Thereai^ 

^ some who think that they need tiot-be under 

toy farthe)* coticern for their oternU w^Uhre^ 

4iOcause they have once found their n(iinds 

'^^ awakenedj and have shewed -some Mnrow for 

>* their sins ; but thi$ is a fatal tliought which 

^"^ wiH ruin our i^ouls r let us therefbre^taike.eare 

^ to-mfiikitain a^mys a smite of our sinfulness 

^^ Mid lost ;€ondition; and endeavour to ^^witi 

-^ gtace «nd in thei knoivledge'of our Lord Jesus 

^ Ghrlst, by our frequent ad4resses tohlmjiand 

•^^ daily surrender of ourselves into his hands; 

^^^ fet us Mrlte by the grace of the: Uessedi Spuit 

to follow his holy iexample, and a4heiie.iinto 

iiim in' prosperity and adrei^tty ; let us daily 

hMr the Word( of God^ and lay It up kt- our 

^' hearts as the food of our souls : and wtttoluand 

^^ pvayl^at its saving effects may not; be frus- 

f^'ttate4> bat that it may bring- forth ther fruits 

:!^rof a lK)ly^life« ThfS ia the way Qf.iib6aiiing 



^J(ilhe ggmie and iferfwr of :.Gi|d j, ar^wy, (bongfi 
g*^', Mrr^iy. 10 our .^penv^^ mi^^, w|iu:h ^iU 
:^^iip^4.Wita4ife e\erm}>. I prowcrf ttow t^ the, 
:^i ':^ 111:. P$utjp^l^^*o point fMitwI^k^^ 
.? ) X9S^. . litres ; wivch Qvery? cai^vi^ced sioiier ofaaU 
{'^ .^tokn bj Qttbefiagf. iato tbi$ wi^r. All those 
;^]Hfss4ngs tMTe ^Kpi>eaaed by thewor^^ *Aa 
I.Iivf^$.l4>rd God/ J bay^ no pleasure 
ia:tbe:dca(liof;the i%:fcked ; butttbat Uiefwidied 
itMKfi 4f«fn -to 'W^y cipd . iit^/ God liese pro- 
f ^^i9isif$^h&tr^Mffy we who turns from his* ev^I 
/; ^iwy^islisU Mvej that lisi, he shall kN» dfiUvere^ 

^Mr^fn ^CQid 4^ c^od c<mdQionat«>ii>' and all 
;ff. tibfe p^rtisI|m9Rl{ du« to sin^ a^d be i«)s|ored tp 
f': tht^ihm^m^fpfWf of Gq^> to peace;of coi^- 
rf'.Bcieiice/ and itO: the .hop^ oiet^m^k 1^: hp 

"ftshidaiurfdi^enedijfrftfp^tjie.poi^ an^ 

//^tbe.ty^lnlly*of bifel(ui4ts^ aiMi^.be jp^^ apai;- 
rff tak^r of tbe4iviiie nafairQ./ tQei^g^s iaad9 

^5 fte6ibiottgh<ClffjM^fmm/lbfljdea(b lOf .ain^. be 
If'fidkMAire 8r'happj)[i life4iii. (be -CHyo^ept of Uu& 
. 'Ji\iffutcmt ;and: . &iiK>ut j 43k£ God ; i («9d wiU kMr« him 
jf)j«K b»eUid^.iKri)|.bleiA^ki«j ^difjKVt him hig 
ol^j AiQiy>S^ri&rT Jt id bJflip^iMitftr fdomtf wbiqb . raiseth 
y1^ iiniiieiB i¥h9 'by iM/^m na^^ Wiu^ dvyibqaesj ^ and 
-f^f ^leiableB : tbsAi ! to. serte Go4 wd f tto do . his 
h^liUessod l¥itt. . .!• *!> b'Hf j!\» >• -'^ , 

irff ^he(jpb4dtoreifd;'iap|irebeBsi0n9 ri^ . divine 
cMiiAia^^iiofiGjikdiiaivLof hi9;iiififti(e ^opdoesi^ 
;f imibtfaeo l^eeoflsti liTeiyi§ind ^mtoffyi, and the 


'' «ftftlMefeli«n br ^e happy ttito^ Im^ght 
^ fn Bim, irVirt till iiis *goul witft htinliiiity and 
^ self aDasemcnt^ tinder a sense of its own vile- 
^ faess and Unwoirthiness, and excite him to 
"^ praise and adore God for his unspeakable kind- 
^ hess and iVicrcy . ' All the blessings (says the 
*^ believner) which It am made a partaker of I owe 
^' to the tree and uhmeriled grace an^ mercy of 
^^ Cj'od ; he has had coinp^sion on me, a mise* 
^ hil^e Wrin, and sinfill creature ; he lias for- 
*' given ail tny sins,' and has filled me with the 
^"^ ficftfes ot his grace ; 1 am therefore bonne] to 
'*' 18Ve hittt tlbove all things, and am ffesolVed by 
'**^ Tils divihe strength to keep all hid divine com- 
mandments Afrhich arc! intended for itiy well- 
being.* Th^s6 are plkiri iharks of the spiritual 
'^^ lifle, and he, ^ho is fnadG a partaker tit it, 
** Shall not di^ : though his body ftills to dust, 
^ dfealti irtiftti tidt htirt him, but convey fitih fi>a 
gtelfe iff p6*ff^c{ Wst and Joy, for ChralPtea 
abt)Hshed sin, which Js ihe sting btWatOi; 
^ and at Ifest Chrifet \^ill rirsfe his medhi Ijhjy, 
''*' Mkmg ii Ifkfe' uTito hS glorious body, /tfhff'ffut^ 
.^ hiifi fn the fhll pAs^tsrfon of dft t^osis'tteiSSftrgs' 
* wfiicfi he has purchased fbt him.' ' ' '^^'^ 

^ ifrt be aSkfed \Vha1: asSurkhce a bcfitrer fiath 

^' of his obtaining these benefits, I answer, ifiat 

^' God has given full security fit* the faWHKng of 

*•' his gracious ]f)rottti^. Tb? Lord knew liow 

^ hard it ^**s to brh^g coi!rvratcd Siiincrs io be- 










*;'. lifltfe,Wa pt9ti^e8> jand tfcefefMse he hub pro^ 

yjdei^ the me^, fall and perfeet eTideidee thai 

. . . I* - . ' - 

' hs Pi)iiId.^eT desire ; he has confirmed his de^ 
'^.clatotioji to,^8how mercy unto us byanoath^ 
^' A^I live,,&c. His oath is immutable^ and 
'f cannot be. brofcen^ why should we therefore 
*' entertain doubts of it? Let us consider faow 
^^ disbonomrable they are to God^ and huftfnl to 
*' our own interests ; let us therefore tate ttae 
that we do not ^Te place to them ; kt w go 
to the thrt)ne of grace for help, not HbttggtHing 
at hk gracious promise thtougii wiipeHef, 
hut. relying Medfisistly upon his fulMmg A^jsi^ 
^ and then we shall surely find how goad and 
""^ gtaeiotts he is. 

'' We hav« now^ dearly h^ibftsi, llieMated ott 
"^^ ^sft ^racions deckra^n which CkMl htfs (Mde 
^H^ tttii niffol cresftares; M lM« ekctte ii9 t6 
^' prttile aMl. adot^ Mtti. 1^ MH 4iMl|^«(bt9 
V tkm^tmmil^ us, attd %aNmo«ff^ ItlMareir 
^ imk* tts uafit to l^ioMe pliNhkefll of it. 
^.IM «8 iMAYcto&r touMdi^es ttfifto Jcfbfts/ that 
9' yn i«a^ stMtfte 4ik idl ^ blMi^^ cdhtitiiiKd in 
^HA ^li^« ^^t^itUse ; ^aM aftileatottf, ly;f the 
"^ ^cfe df the«ktef«a SpkSt, to ilihoW o«H^ ^^ 
"^ %itude ^ QM b^'a ehi-atfttl olb^ence tb aft 
^Mfi* mm edtifalMAiaMehtk «A )MNfc^]^. 
^ %6# «|tMifed isa^ M those yl^ «htts biili«v« in 
/^ Jasus! and shew their faith by their Itft^to^ 
^' wards God ! Qod will love them . as his chit* 



« and pattbem »i*« foU P<WMiH<«i#f t»SiM>«« 
** bki8siii0» which ihe ha^s p?oi»jMf.=. WM 
*' ireawn )iav« we tO| <knbt<)li„it)9 ,«ms^.^ ))^ 
" pven hUwily begpttau ^ft to bc.^iipg«i»aur 
« «pd Ddiverear; ai»4 hftSi .<te?Jawi Jwa .gm- 
" cioua desire, that all mea sh*^ \*m'a^Sf>^' 
*t takpre of lihe benefits <)f. bi^.redeinptioni,^ 
*' this purpose he seat fortli 9P<K^t «vaffeeli§|9, 
y a#d t«ichere, to call all. nati<pM,(ji^. r^^tjiiiFO. 
*' afid &Ath ia Jesus Christ. He has ^"l^.h" 
« 86CB«B<» to ^^ ^^'^ cpifnp?^ o£ the ^^Vthtd^ 
« pjake kflpvB unto ns. the gM tW»n«R of. W^;- 
« vatiw, anii by the grace o£,tilpe,bte^^»nt 
'f many of our qatioa ha^e*..^» 
ff ofGod'agraceaiwKwicy; awino.4wiblShvo 
« are atiU n«ny who sh^ twm to thp,,l4»r4 thf» 
f. CW. tTheift glorioii* esrentft^fft be^ .feie. 
« told^nnny himdred years ago by the .igmt^ 
'' P*n4, and hayeJieen fulfilled from thi^ time 
'f afvthe spwjtlw to oijur day^ F#alffk ffM^ ^f 

« ,?a 31. r AW <^ «?wf» of ^ V^^ *!"«** 
« membei^ and ttF» u^.l^e Mnlr(,«»^ 
«c kiia4reds of thft iiai^on? fhall t(roc«!^ ,;In^ 
»' thoe. . A feed shall serye hi?n* H 9ha^J.;^,,ac- 
« jcoanM *Q the, Lord for,a,gencf^ti<^. ...Tfr^f 
.; d^ co»e,..^d 4fciwfi,!»8 right«^JW»^JR»» 
i' a pepplc amf^ ^ hcfiv. t^ *^ ^\^ 

/ 1'* -f • 


hehM'diiaKdin«to'^iMtniietod'4tl tkn^gb- 
n6m'Goi^^^<of 4oiir l<ord Jtestts^Sairtit^i atid bM 

And''fldir'(itt-h« has ap]^n(e4^na0 te.-i^el' 
im^MW-tile 1^ tidiiii^ of C^Mhicat'^ Mlhitkin/ 
i'hutnWy iMtAKt hkn 4o gnMt lae Chft- grace 
" And'rtn^rii^'tif th^Ue^sd^irH, ^t* I- May 
'■ MflHfte'db^«r'<>^thB Mcrdt oAceiii Mi;etr> 
" and^WilAr aft' hitiiiilky ajid ^ti^bteeM ; ttttd I 
''' iM^-yoti Ijlnev^te'io' ptayy tkKt'^M<dttlj^ «c< 
** eMD^^y-tA^iny ttiidfefti^g» vritfi kkgnce 

** td' T^ttt-SMd' nle life tMh^v «f .Mi»i.gNiQe>«)d 

'* ham.- 1 ■' -■■.-•' ':'■ •. '• ■•■■- - 


• ^ €Hi«lt||riei«tt»J^Ml», ihdft«rtilhePriftc« 
** tf'4M/ «ndr diitr,ete>imf I%h-Pn«8(< Thou 

'^^fe^'ilMie/ii^ ^&Si ^ih^t ftitd'lMire hi'ih« 

^ UkA ^IHk ituilbk '1btid#ti .ih)iPgi!tefditl dMbigns^ 
f^ato-'i*^ ^iiPrini^ c<rtih«cJ'to ihf ^p!t^lm 
Itrariilfs^ that llirotigh tbeir meitm oth«r hd> 
tioM ndskl ItkewM olxtaii^ bf^t Mid lw«w^. 



*^ tedge, atfd be g«idod«1nto Ihe^iM)^ clNdl^< 
'' lidh; and thou 6t(]l' ic6fytin!i«^t<'fd ' ^1> Mn- 
nertft to repentanee, khd'to^ &<9(:e{fli^f Af^^alTa- 
tion. Thoahast not^only pr<Mn^€^'td^sltt>w' 
mercy on those who turri from their ^l^trtiys, 
'^ but hast conftrmed thy promise by' iln Vwfli; 
•' we praise thee for this tiflsp(ftfi!kMblfc itiWty, 
and we humbly intreirt thee %<s grtrnt ^ us and 
to all thy people thy ^jaee, that ii^ nWy' <*iey 
thy Will^ and be ma^ parUikers of Ihy'grice 
and mercy. Hare merc^ npto theifi ^i^bd^ttre' 
going astray in the way of sin and el*cB?/^4Bhcr 
** grant them true fakh and repentance*; «^^ * 
^ We beseedi thee td bless and pk*e8erttf tJhy 
'•servant Geoige our king; and all the wjaf 
^*' fiftjnily, and to crown them with all' thie^ rieliefir 
^ of thy gvacey and all 1^ salvation. -Sfodf 
^'* down Kkewise thy blesMng on tJie khig of 
^' Denmark^ and all other kings^ and mak^lbfcnir 
'' blessed instruments of enterging thy * king- 
dom. Kess his nmjestys whole ccmtseP^ Aid 
all bishops and ministers^ and- all the member^ 
of tbetSocie^ for promoting' CSlristiiA Snow- 
ledge; and -prosper aH their pious tmd^irtaltiiigs 
to the glor^^ thy name^ tod tte good 'And 
*/ welfkrd of soilfc. ., ^: : 

* '/ Letthygra€imispK)MRleiioe,0]iiOTil>4d^ 
^' watch over eur kind benefoctors^ to keep th^m 
^' from every eril^ and to repteaish then with 
^ every bles^^ ?>^;raitt^ Ithem.tibj graM^ H^bX 
^* they may not grow^^vpury 19 wett-dotng, amd* 


^^ 10^ hat gnrnt tttto them tirtit glofious i^^ii^ ' 
'^ . ]iiirb)c|b tly^ii \imi laid up > for thefti in * heaven . 
Gvmt thQf gmceandiblemngtlo allb^ ma-' 
gisteat^^^ wd wpejrtors who are « in Chid pbce^ ' 
that they may JEeipr thy nama> ob€y thy Uesded ' 
^-^ will^ and use thejff povmr^fMid. authority for 
'^ pjTcmioling the interests of. thy;lrue4religfohr 
' . ^f We beseech thee to be our defence end pro^ 
^* lectkHii agaiMt our enemies ^^ who aj^e now'* 
'^ xisen against .ua; and to deliver us ftom all 
'f Uuwe.evils and dangers^ with 1 which we are en- 
'^. eompassedi 

" Blesa and %met thy servants^ vi^ofa ihoii 
'^ hast eent to mahe kno4m . unto iui ' the ghd 
'f tidingi: of thy salvatioa ; and fitfttier all their 
"^^.good eadeinroaia t9 the puUing^ ddwn of 
^, Satan's kiagdom^ and (o theedifytng thy 6hupch 
ia sound &ith^ad godliness^. 

. Pte^s thy universal Churchy and esp^iaily 
those. in^ thifi country j cleaude it front aU un^ 
g^d|ip9ifb:;ta(i)fidotn it with unity^ ebarityy and 

'ifTfi<>»4i«MM^'th« %bt pf % GDspel imidtfg us; 
«W^;^5IW tbeupofH? Heathens, aad» all thofife 
%M^J^^ i«^l|pessiiuto,thy^boly Church,^^^ 
make them partakers of thy giaoe md imerey ; 

^^ " TRis* ^llud'es'^ to the invasion <tf the Mysorean^, 

.:.v .'gnfot Iff-'- .- . a:<t-d , 








likmrisf til; Mivatit, tbAi I maj^ (afce heed to 
myself^ a}\d M> my doc^ine^ that 1 may be 
" faithful in m^. callings hat ^niah my 
'' cQUrae vith joy. Gmnt ti^is, for ^by iafiiike 
'' mefejet (}a^$. Ameii.'; 

Thd Rw; Mr. Kohlholf; iu a ktter dated 
F$b. I4e» 1791, .^iieaks of SattianadeB^ the an- 
dpubtod «iuthaf of this dif course^ iri^iich .exhibits 
sufih e^trawdiiiaiy marks of good arrangement, 
correct and dpporppriate language^ sound doctnne 
zeal, piety, and judicious application, " fa one 
'* who had for a long time fitithfully served the 
'f. ^ciety's. Mission, by preaching the word of 
'* God to .Ghriatians and Heathens. He adds 
^^ that he had received the ordmation of the Lu- 
'f tberan. Cbvf4i> itnd was gone to take care of 
the congregation at Pahuneotta, in the Tinna- 
re%.cecintry, where he had before been sta- 
ttohtd a coiiBtderable tiit^e. God, he observes, 
te4. blessed the labouis of this worthy' man, in 
awakening many to turn from their sins until 
God) and no doabls were entertained but he 
would prove a bless^Hl instnment in the han(b 
oi the Ain^ight^ for the enlargement of his 
kingdom upon e^u^Uu 

Fre^i Tluiqttebar ; the Danish Miswrnmes 
mention the dealh of the eldei; Mr. I^bJJiolf, 
jp. the 8Dth year o£ bis ^g^ a^ |ni«thei^'Of 
his sKvke bx tj^ MiBttflfi^ during.tib^ vAob^of 
which time he bad bttn a fieuthful labourerj. 




*' an'd ah industiidtis one as Icm^ ai bss health 
permitted. )t had been a cmnfortable circilin- 
stance to him to 8ee his eldest son pastoralTy 
*' engaged in the En^ish Misaiotij and thus oc- 
'^ cupied as a diligent labourer in the Lotd's 
" vineyard^ and that a hind Proyidence had WeB 
^' provided for the rest of his family. Between 
'^ the months of October 1789" and October 
'^ 1790^ their congregautioas had received* in 
'^ augmentation of 183, new memberd, of vrkoih 
'^ 151 were children berh of Christian parenfs, 
'^ and the remainder werii converts partly from 
'' Popery and partJy from Heathenism; H7D 
'' had been the number df co^raunicadts at tKe 
Lord's Tiible, 31 coupler MA btoen inaitied^ 
\0\ persons buried, add in the acboold 19^ 
^ ehiJdjren had been nminlaiiied and iMistrodt^d; 


In the account for I7i^, it is observe th&t 

the endeavours of the Society to |>rocure a 

supply for their Mission at Calcutta, haVe 

^ '' stt}} proved unsuccessfu). The btssiuesa of the 

*' Mission, however, hath not been altogether 

' " nfeg^cted. In a letter from W. Chambers, 

* '^ tesq. and the Re^l David Brown, they observe 

^' that the iuterest the Society axe pleased to take 

*' in the affairs of the Calcutta Mission, notwith- 

" stMldittgihediscoilraginl^iipicid^nts which have 

** tended it, cannot bttt v^t a sem^ible impres- 

^' frion on thdir mii$dir, and rlUW they are tbteireby 

^^ «(QM$kftted and ei^^uAj^ to giive' U auch feup- 

« r 


« « 



f^ port as they are able, without any abatement 

/' either in.their present exertions, or their hopes 

^^ of future success. Mr. Brown, aided by Mr. 

/^' Owen, and also by the occasional assistance 

of Mf. BJanchard, the two chaplains of that 

Presidency, had been enabled, and they trusted 

r' woald still be able, to keep the Mission Church 

open, and they hoped that Divine Providence 

\yould continue to prosper the Society^s en- 

deiav.ours for the diffusion of religious know- 

ledge in Bengal. They also observe fliat at 

the expence of a few hundred rupees, but of 

a cpnsiderable sum generously contributed by 

5' Mr.' Charles Grant and Mr. Udny, toward 

f* the accomplishment pf a plan of building that 

5' had been suggested, they had made comfort- 

?. abliB accommodations fof two MissionaFies^ 

f^ should so many be sent out, who they hope in 

f^ ^hat case would also find a well-disposed con- 

f* gregation, and. the resources of the Mission 

equal at leai^t to its present exigencies. Messrs. 

Brown and Owen give similar assurances of 

f^'aid. Mr. Owen observes that it was with 

ff justice^ the Society returned their thanks to 

f' Mr. Brown, who had exWted himself in be- 

ff half of the Mipsion with ecjual good sense 

f*' and zeal. 

'' Mr. Gericke, in ft letter dated Vepery, 
f March 15, 1792, mentions, that besides diverse 
f adtiltd and children christened whilst on 'i^ 
f f journey he l»d recently made^ there had beclj 


^ diristened at Vepery and Pulicat, 71 childreu 
"^ and 16 adults, eight of which latter were Ma- 
^ labars^ and eight of other countries, who had 
^ learned the Portuguese language, and had^ 
^ been ntost of them in the service of European 
^ fenrilies. In a subsequent P. S. he mentions 
^ that they had finished six sheets of an impres- 
^ sion of the Pilgrim's Progress, in the Malabar 
^^ language. 

^^ Mr. Swartz, in a letter from Tanjore, men- 
^ tions that 87 Heathens had been baptized in 
" the course of the year, after proper instructions, 
* and 23 converts from Popery received : he ob- 
^ serves that since Mr. Joenicke had be^n settled 
^ at Palamcotta, that congregation had bee» 
^ augmented by 65 members, viz, 
'' 40 Heathens,. 

13 Roman Catholics, 


13 children bom of Christian parents. 
Mr. Swartz mentions also his having bad a 
visit from Mr. Cammerer, the new Missionary^ 
f^ whom he believes to be an upright sincere 
^' Christian, who would diligently do the work 
^* of e Missionary. Would to Ood, adds Mr, 

^^ Swartz, some labourers could be sent out in 


^' addition^ I am sure that some gentlemen here 
'' ^ould assist. Government would not suffer by 
/^ it, but rather experience the benefit of seeing; 
'' the people instructed. This I could shew by 
'f undeniable proofs, and Government would.eon* 


^' The Rev. Mr. Pobl^ writet itc^ Tinrti^i- 
'* napalty^ that he ba4 baptized 71 chUidren. 
'' There lyere 302 ^s in tbe Maltlwr anA 
Portii^ea^e congregations ; , Imi obsonrM ilml 
the la^rs of tha Mi^^ion were not so JnccetfM 
as might )3e w|she4j but he neyertheleM con- 
ceived that great praise vvas to be jwndered 
to God l^t Uiere .w0re Christiaa cangre^tftions 
\xy that part of the world} 9Qagi«|[alion*>too, 
*' which wej« npjt inconsiderabkl ; ithatri their 
^' light shane^ . and Ihat . mauy sMrttheq^ good 
*' works." . ,. . , . . . / I..' / . A 
The ]^|Li9h Mistionatiefr at Tnaupiebav 
rj^turn thanks (o the Sooetyfor theit.coatkitted 
^\ f)en^oIence, Their . congreggtioas had been 
'^' augmented in the courae of the yfgs by 137 
^' persons, of whom 18 were adik converts. 
'' In these schools 166 childi^n were: Ihstr4cted, 
*' soine oi whom were preparing, for <ft0i^si6Q, 
'' Rev, Dr, Schulta. in a leUer dated alHaUe, 
'' ^MgOSt ^th> 1799. informs the Socisty that he 
f' had found in the person of the Rev. CWIes 
'^ William Pse^old, one whoin ha cata^jk^^ett^ 
^^ killy find confidently recommend for the 
'' ^r4p<^\j^ province o( a MisswiiaigF. Mr, 
Fap^old, after having received hk aca^NMcal 
education in the iiniversity ^f Wittenb^h, 
l^d fpr ^pjDoe tjiro^ ad^NTBfd ^tfaio «MioQ ef 
a^ii^te tu^or ; snpd tl^ti^ P^oj^ftar might 
Jb^ mff a, s^^^tefily^ laloraied fd^c^ 
'' ing his disposition and his abilities^ ^ had 




^imtl^^'of thr^ rtentlM mth him at VUOe, ne^ 
^' eupM in the seboob ttere, aad oceaskmally 
>^^ i£Uki|^ tke pul]^ After eoropeteiit invettn 
j«^.f;«tim^'0iltbep8M4^ tbe ProfeMor, be speaks 
.!^3«fchiiwi in 'those flattering tonns to irhi^h the 
ffjtemA^f tfiH find an allusimi^ in the f<M(mwg 
> '^ vCfaotge/. In the month of October, 1793, 
^^/Jili;*Pfln»ld arrived in London. Tbeexpences 
, f' 'of^ his^ Jimney bsviiig been defmyed by the 
Mission chest at Hatte> and very soon after he 
wasiatrodttced to the Society's Bovd by the 
Rev. Mr. Ubelj^, and received, as tlie Society's 
MMKonary for tbe Madras eti^ion. The Rer. 
Dn Ghflse, Chaplain in Ordinaiy to his M»r 
f^'ijMtjr^ at 4be Society's reijoest, delivered ^ 
f 1 Cihiiifgii to Mr. Psoiold, from the chair, at « 
'' v«fy nsunerons meeting of the Society^ on 
'' i}aa.S9> 1793, immediately before Mr, Pstzold's 
'' departure frpm London, with a copy of which 
" <^ Doictoii has been ao obliging as to furnish 
^Vtbem^ Mid wbieb they aecoimt themeelvea 
teppyj as boiogaUe to commnnicato to the 





J tfj' 



^l>r. ^GiOMt/^ Chopg^ t9 IM Rto.Mr Paxid. 



1 • 

, '" pearly Beloved ip Uip Lor^, 

' ^^ WH6N i cQMider who and what itKaffner 
^* of^^iefsaiia timy'vre, wiose naaKs ^ttem the 
^l^crfAisritberaef'thiB'Bddkt^, I caivPAbat 


^' earnestly wisb^ that the ta8k> in Which I am' at 
^present engaged, had been^ committed to aUei' 
*^ bands than mine. To fiome one of those re- 
«' spectable persons, more especiallj, who hav^ 
^^ given that attention to the general coneerns of 
the Society, and to those of -the East India 
Mission in particnlar, whieh has been* iacom* 
^* pktible with my sitnationj and tny othor mani- 
'^ fold engagements. - Any- of these wiould have 
'^ been able to step forward much better pm- 
'^ pared than i can* hope to be for a w^mrk, to' 
^ which, though desiroiis of meeting the* wtsAies 
^^ of this Society, I cannot address myself wiA- 
^' out hesitation. Indeed; if you. Sir, had been 
'^ referred to those pions and dffectioBate iasfmc- 
^ tions, which have been delivered on aidiiJIairoc- 
" casions from this place, two of tiiemrecentiy, 
^^ and one at a mfore distant period <and hi an-^ 
" other languagc-^there had, in my judgment at 
*' least, been no necessity that this very respect* 
^ able Assembly should have been convetiedly or 
'^^ that yon. Sir, should have been troubled wtfh 
'^ any observations from me. ' You would tbe^ee 
'^ have collected sufficient informatioa' conceim- 
'/ ing the hUure of your'duty^ the beat rales ffbr 
your conduct^ and the most probable in^amp'of 
promoting your success. 
<^ Taking these addressee/ howavar^ 'Ibrmy 
imde)^ I' can only in other wosds ocnugraitttbtfe 
yon. Sir, on ihe noMe xesolotioa whiiii jron * 






'^ IliM fortned of dedica(tmg your time abd yimt 
^' abiliti^R/io the wotk of ftiith^ and Idboiv tif 
^* love, Tvlilch we tfw* wHl tend to heighten yovst 
^ crown at the hist day^ through the merilsijf 
'' that Saviour in whom you tnist. . ' 

I protest; Sir, vrhen I behold a fieiithful h^ 
bourer in the vineyard of Christy renoaneki^ 
all ' pursuit of honours and emolttments, waA 
chearfiiHy consenting to bear the burden Imiil 
^' heat of the day^ vrittioiit the prospect of any 
^' adequate compensation in this w<^d— -when I 
^* view him^ like another Pb^triaroh^ ^ar a prinitive 
*^ Apostle^ leaving his kindred^ bts conriecfiOHi^ 
f^ iBUMJI the comforts of his native country^ to em-^ 
f^ bmctt a life of toil, and difficulty^ and dangw*^ 
ff when I reflect on «uch disinterestedaew as tliis, 
^' which has e^id^itly in its view, only the . ad^- 
^ vancetheot of Giod's gtory, and the interests <X 
^* our trute religion-*-! bow before it ivitb aa 
*^ humU&adinowtedgment^f my own inferiority, 
^^ Yeiry'ftu'i: therefore, from feeing the least e<m^ 
^' BCfoteteiB.of pre-eminence on the present oc'« 
^' caM)ti> I have no other wish, than merely to 
offer yott that word of exhortation, which I 
myafaifs >n yovr sitnatioo, should i^ost readily 

'^ The important objects of your, mission have 
donbtless been fully set. before you^^aqd tts^ 

Batare and extent have • becfia. maturely ^foii;u|i'** 
dered : it is nut^taJbe gnpfio^ed, ,that you ^^ 


V • 




^ kistily, iinad?i0MHyi H^^ui^ per itiUumy «5« 
^^ ramed tliat high office, wilJh mivch this Soiiiety 
^^ ittvertB you^ witbont entctiog into any dncns- 
^ si^H of your eccle9ia9Ueal appointment, but 

patronizing you as a zealous prcri&taaof of the 

Protestant Religion, and desirous to prove a 
^ f^ithfiii promoter of its interests : we hwe, in* 
t' de^, received assuranees, so flattering to your 
f' ehadNcter/and so satisfa^ory to ourselves, that 
'' I cannot avoid communioating to those around 
f men. testimony from Professor Sehulfes in your 
f* ' behftlt f MM9 whieh we derive the most sanguine 
f( hop^s of yom diii^nt and faitHful services, 
^f Talem iW4 eurti eogovi, quern kUari ammo 
^f turn tocrairum titer arum scietOid satis m* 
fi wtruduM, tmn de vet^itate Religionii t^is- 
^' tiafuls non nMtdi permuiHim sed etidni ejm& ad 

^ikoB prapagamfd^ shuUagUnmMf^panMBgt- 

mBmque eammendane p^eeintr 

*' You are vtrell oiraKv Shv thai the gveat 
^^.ffeaign of your miviei^ vi^ix} diBflerse the 
'' tcbttds of ierrop asMl unhdief fttftn thettMk of 
^* (he^ddnded ami tiie ignomnt: to impwt'the 
/.' ^ligiht of vdivine Jcnowledge to such as slit In 
^V;idariiaeisf-'to call them from tbe> ilavei^^ of 

superstition, and from monstrous aksiiiidities, 

jMrihe mmHsif of the ttue Qad<-^4o' Mm^ice 
"^ dbem of' that miaeaable sfiite «f UiodnaM, in 

vhiek they ate invoifved ; and/ intile Hmm to 
^ hboame pLifMiumei the licvc^ and lo^ of 







God^ throttgh the r^tmption which is by Jeaiit 
Christ— to eombat' the ^^rejodices of idolatry, 
'f Mrhether in siic^ q» we abdohitely naetilight^ 
'^ ened by the Gospel, or in those, who, thonj^h 
'- better iolbraied, venture, Gke the Samaritatui 
'^ of old, to mix gross corrnptton^ with Ae truths 
of psligion — and introduce a specious f<Nmi of 
worship, more captivatiRg to the unwary and 
incoMideratSjiostead of that simplicity, which 
10 the predominiu&t feature in the Protestant 
Senrice — to put t^ silence tlie objections of 
thase> who think unfavourably of Christian^, 
u^charilabiy of its teacherd^ aiid unworthily of 
*^ both.: and onsopia occasions;, perhaps, to con^ 
'/ tend wUh pejosons, whoj calling themselves 
'' Christiana, hare no neal and edifying sense of 
that xeUgioay which hadi Jesus Christ for ita 
author ; the diviiie oracles far ita testimonials ; 
Uie perfection of our nature ibr its object ; and 
agloriouflamaiortality finr Ms end. 
^' It' is no part. of our bunaess> Kr, to dis^ 
jcomage you by Ift racilal af fiat diiKeukiea 
whsefa await you : they certainly axe not to b9 
oempaoed with those, which they who have 
geoabefere you in this path, have mosl^ ehear' 
fidy and successfully enoomftered : the #rst 
^ DsMsh Missionaines stand -very high ^lufaad in 
^ the aattdofue o£ Christian Omfessors : their 
^t .fiudf aad patience, their piety and. aeal, their 
<f 'Wiedsai aadiotegril^r, tb<^ pcvfisft sali'ieamn-^ 





ekOLioif^ for the fluke o£ tlie nmrk alt wMich 4fiey 
were efij^ged^ W€ie rach^'rflnder their 
names, and tbeir memoriai, tf«ly venerable tor 
posterity: their saocesso» hft^e fcojblen iir 
their steps^ with ^unwearied fimuiesa and ah- 
criiyy under trials^ whicb^ though perhafia le« 
'^ 4ef ere> >yere yet ardoout enough tohaTeababeir 
^ a.opnfidence not founded on a rock ; notfert-' 
'^ ing on a full couvicticNi of the tarntband good- 
•f uegs.of tjheir cause. 

On this subject^ we bare great sartisfiMSfbiT 
ux refen-ing you to that tedoabted'ChamfqkMi'of 
the Protestant Faith^ tlie admirable Mr. Swartz;' 
as an example of all that is great andgood^nd 
imilable in the character of a Christian Mb- 
7. sionary : one tliat bathJiuKarded his life through 
^' a long series of years for the name of .our Lord 
^■^' Jesus Christ : one that hath been enabled not 
only to conciliate the aflrection» of tiie: ignorant 
and unlearned^ but to overcome theideepHrooted 
pr^udices pfsuch^ aa had been long habituated 
f ' to a most unre^onable system of theolog)^^. and 
^ which> to the utter astonishment of tiiose wh(r 
f.are blessed with superior light, they.lMld; 
^ amidst all its absurdities^ (I had aImMt»said^ 
^f^ stmjdst all its abominations) in. the hi^iest ve- 
^i ideiation and esteem. Many of these 1^ the 
'* worthy and indefatigable Mr. Swaitecpnverted 
^/: to. the pure and apostolical faitli> by a coucilta<» 
'Jtory behaviour peculiarly suited to hia.titaa^ 



«. ( 




OUfi < 

^^ \ttini t a hfMvitnt, whbh; Hibilst it haa endehi^d^ 
^f jam id the comnon ovdeiB of meo^ has procured* 
'^him itdmiflBioii even before the throne of the* 
*^ pnsndeat monardi of the east : there do we- 
find thi» 1/rorthy servant of God^ pleading t)ie* 
cause of Christianity^ and interceding for the- 
ipMHteetion of hir Minion/ and doing it without- 
*' -effGOfCe: there do we find- htm^ raiounchig- 
•very penooal considentioa^ rc^gardless of* 
every personal advantage; And in the true* 
apicit €f the Divine Lawgiver^ chusing rather* 
to siiSef affliction with the people of God^ than- 
tO' ^oy any pleasures or distinctions which- 
tim ivprid could afford him: esteeming the- 
'^ repiidach of Christy and the advancement of a> 
'* despised religion, far greater riches than Indkin" 
^' treasAures ; and for the same reason ; because^- 
*' with Moses^ he had irespect to a future and 
'-^ . ^fffnal recempence of reward. In a wordy 
f ;we find him m every place, and on every oc-* 
^' casioa, conducting himself as icme, whohadde-> 
^f tennined to know and to reg^d nothing, but 
'^ the 'int€(resti» of a crucified Saviour^ .said, the 
'^ |MK^P99*tK)ii of his Gospel. 

7 Bat while> we dwell with pleasure on, ther^ 
«'* chamder of such a man as Mr. Swartz, a man 
'* antiquS^mrtMle, «c Jide, we must not sufiet 
^ 0th«inri)lnaad your vaiuaUe* feUpw«labqittrers> 
'^ to ^be deprived of their tribute of weU**earBed 
'^ . i^robation and applause, Amdng these^ that; 



'^ wbrnn you are aboM to be imiMdiatefy coo^ 
nected in y<Hir labottra al Veperjfv MrrClenckc^ 
merits every tettunony of re^Mt firon thia^^ 
ctety : at hia eametit reqnest it is, that yon are 
i|ipdinted to your present misstoa^ lie there- 
'' fore w9 deabtkss reeeive you vMk aflaetioD ; 
'^ wBI improve and prepare you by his laeiciic- 
'* tioiis ; Witt aniiaate yo« by his example ; will 
qaidten yoa by his seal ; and by hjs prudence 
will direct yoa in the whole of year titfder-- 
taking. Others^ With whom oar Sddkty is- not 
so iimnedialely conneeted^ but wtM>m we wiib 
to mention with gratitnde> and whom we eon* 
stantly remember in onr prayers^ will embmce 
yott Oil your arrii^ wiUl joy ; will chearfatly 
'' admit yon to a participation in their laboms } 
^ and where you need direction^ witt readBIy 
^' point oat to you the path, which, Chrougfr the 
*^ btessing of God, will kad you to vietevy^ amd 
^ toa spiriCUal triumph. 

^ Such examples most needs affbid you 'fid 
^ WMtt enoowagemeat : yeO'flsrtter not youtadf^ 
*^ tiiat, even under <^ most ftkvoarable dmssn- 
^ stsstcesj ^QU win not aAeel wi«h dMBcdMin and 
^ trisis, whieh wil( tsH for -all yMr-ifiltout|d 
^ psAience ; the lAriibtt ftrveacy ^yom^ y i^ ir s, 
«* an* yoor mo4t pftree^ertb^ #itWfi«ntf^lb««ll** 
'* mount. - • ^ r^ .-. 5 ::Tr^fc* 


*^ thihk limtridy bf cur adversary : be assureH^ 
*^ that you' Will 'fftqiiefitly* meet \VHh'it6 coh- 
'' teirfiitlMci eheitt^ to eticounter i' your ifliSision is 
'^ hot toT a fahcf of savaged, Hke'tfie witt mHabl- 
'' tatiti oflIi6«e>egion», in whfch htliii^tf nittft€ is 
'' s^h^fffftslbWedt slat^ of degrtiBkf(^"*id^5lar- 
'' bftrt^ : the ' perionS vr» ^WBdrii ycm iWll 
cBiefly hav6 occasion to coAV^ftb; ^IH exhibit' 
to yott somfe tmces of rdigtdn'f or rAtfier the 
d^ftMrnrities df a religion, corrupted in tlid ex-^ 
''^ toreiiief; We'liave teasbn to beliere, dn tile very* 
berit MthorHy, that m their tdigwui efeMictei^ 
thky lire' proud^ subtlei dfsputatious; and ob- 
stftaiite. in their hmtuI chairadtef, yoti yiif 
'<^ iind thbm too geneirtdl)' ikhe a^tf fbiidi^IiMit; 
*' strangers to truth in thi^ conv«rsation'i and* 
'^ regtrdKess of integrity in their idealin^s : 
'^ widbly diflbreilt from those^ whom' it has been 
'") the prttctiee of modem histcfriftni^i^ri^cesent^ 
^* as an innocent; virtuous^ and! uttddfrupted race 
of men ; cottdueting tbeititelvitkiiitii such ptirity 
and faarmkss smipliclty, ^aUnabttdst^ if not en-^ 
ttrely^ td supeisede the ntcostfity of Christian 
\ pfeoepts^ or the introdiiction oi 9 bettei' oeli- 
gicfti than their own, fotthe direction of their 
^* conduct. 0aw &r soch jElattering' accounts of * 
'' thik nnenUghiened people may be desigfied to 
'' lowetr the value of Divine Revetetion, by shfew* - 
^ ing' Ae sufficiency of what is called noMral 





** reUgioni it is beside our preset purpose to 
'' enquire: certain it is^ that from habit^ from 
'' constitution, and from the absence of some 
'' temptations, by which the inhabitants of other 
'^ countries are seduced,, they are less prone than 
*' many others to indulge themselves m sensual 
♦' excess : but, as I have just now observed, they 
'' are wretchedly destitute of virtuous principles, 
*' and have the strongest propensity to artifice. 
'' and circumvention. To their artifice you will 
'' find it yo(ur duty to oppose the wiadwi of the 
'' serpent; to their immorality, ih^ simplicUy. 
*' of tUe dme. These qualities will give energy 
*' to. your precepts; without them, all your 
*' labours wiU be ineffectual- Their monstrous 
^' absurdities in religion, their most unreasonable 
'^ and corrupt mythology, their representations 
'• of the Deity rather ofifensive and shocking than 
'^ ridiculous, you will best be enabled to counler- 
'*' act, by previous study on these particular 
'' points ; and you will,do well to be fortified by 
'• arguments, drawn from the sources of divine 
*f trutb, and by the precepts of a sound philosophy^ 
'' which is agreeable to the dictates of the hoi}; 
'' Scriptures : in opposition to, their strange coa^ 
*' ceits of antiscriptural polytheism,^ you will 
'' labour to establish the doctriaci ^ the oieie tnie 
•' God, existing in three Peraons, of ecpial dig- 
'r nity,' majesty^ and glory, as revealed ta us in 
*J the oraclea of divine truth ; avoiding hUL ead)(^r 



^^ VOWS to. explain thieit myfttericms mode of exiA^ 
^ eoce, which is aq olyect of humble faith, but' 
apt of preBiimptuous disquisition. It will be a 
sufficient answer to the caviU of infidelity to 
say^ ' The Book> in which this doctrine is 
*' contained^ we know to. be the Word of Gbd j 
^ctated by a Divine Infidlible Spirit, and bear* 
mg every mark, internal and external, of im^ 
questionable authenticity : on the authority of 
^' this Book we ourselves believe the doctrine ; 
and on that authority we propose it to others, 
as a great and fundamental article of faith/ 
*^ In order to their mpre willing reception oC 
'^ the doctrines and precepts of our religion, you 
*' endeavour to convince your hearers, that tha 
'* subjects on which you wish to be heard, are 
^^ above all others that can be conceived, interest* 
" ing and important ; that they are such as in* 
**^ volve in them not only their present happiness^ 
" but also that of their future existence ; not in 
'' some other corruptible bodff, as the vaii^ doc^ 
" trine of transmigration^ to which they are in-» 
" dined, supposes ; but in that heavenly, gloria 
f' ous, and immortal state, in which they will btf 
'^ permitted to dwell for ever in the presence of 
" God, in .the. enjoyment of , those most pure and 
" «pfritual delights, whi^h are the portion of his 
" &u»ts for evermore. 

'^ To these joys you will earnestly invite them^ 
-ff^uxA wii1|;ing to inculcate the necessity of that 



'^ holiness of life, without ivhich^ (hey vmsf nenr 
*^ hope to obtain them. . But the foundation ci 
^ this holiness most be laid in a de^ sense of 
'^ their ^nworthiness^ and an hnmble acknoif- 
*^ ledgment of theiF deTiations from the paths of 
^ innocence: having traced the corraption of 
'* OUT nature to its source^ and shewn^ that, b; 
** (ihe disobediehce of wte, many were mode sin- 
^^« ners^ you will set beft>re them the height and 
*' de{H:h of the mercy antf love of Him, by whose 
* obedience unto deiBdb many were nuide righle* 
'' ous. This will lead yoit gpradwdly to mffHd 
^ that mystery of godliness^ which excites^the 
^ admiration even of the angeb themsehcp^ 9^ 
^ manifest in the flesh ; the Ahnighty ^v^onp; of 
** the world, aqppescnng to put away sin by Jhc 
^ sacrifice of himself. LastTy, you will explain 
^ to them the doctrine of Grace : shew them the 
^ nature of that divine co-operation of Che Spirit 
^ of God^ whereby He worketh in us and with uf 
fo do that which is acceptable in his sight: 
whereby omr weakness is strengthened^ our 
corruptions are pwified, and we are rendered 
capable of admission into the (nreseacs of th^ 
•' Great God, 

^ This, Sir, I conceive to be an owtline, too 
^ imperfectly drawn, of the nature and extent of 
your duty : it may serve peshaps for your con- 
sideration for the presjsnt ; but it remains to 
be filled up and perfected^ by your awa labour 






^ knd fltpplication^ on yo^r arrival at the place of 
^ your destination. 

Your time cannot perhaps be more profit- 
ably employed by the way^ nor an irksome 
voyage be better amused^ than by a diligent 
applitetion to those languages^ which will ren** 
der you best acquainted with the true sense of 
Scripture ; and in some or other of which you 
will^ as soon as it is possible^ be expected to 
minister. A competent knowledge of the Por^ 
tuguese language seems immediately and ess^n* 
tially necessary : to forward your proficiency 
in this^ the Society is desirous of putting into 
your hands such books in the Portuguese 
tongue^ as yriil enable you soon to enter on tho 
duties of your fiinction^ with ease to yourself, 
^' and advantage to your Mission. Thus will 
'' leceptim:! be Booner obtained for your instruc* 
'^ tions: the ignorant witt be more readily in* 
'^ fbnned^ and die fiistidbus will be less liabW to 
^^ be offended ; when you are found capable of 
delivering, in a proper manner, those truths^ 
which common prudence requires us to render 
as TOceplable^ or at least as inoffensive^ as pos* 
'^ siblb U> our hearers. 

'^ In your preparatory studies of the Holy 
*^ Scriptures^ permit me to direct your immediate 
'^ attention to such parts of them^ as are more 
^' immediately applicable to the circumstances of 
^f your aituatioD : list^i more eispecially to th* 











** charge delivered by our Blessed Lord to tiis 
disciples^ when sent forth to preach his Gospel 
to a people determined to reject it^ and op- 
pose its progress. In the history of the first 
preachersj as written by St. Luke^ in the Acts 
of the Apostles^ you will^ with astonishment^ 
** behold a demonstration of the power and effi- 
*' cacy of the Holy Ghost, not only observable in 
*' His first miraculous descent, when the gift of 
divers languages was imparted to the Apostles^ 
but even in the more ordinary, yet powerful 
operations of the same Spirit afterwards: 
whereby they were enabled to discharge them- 
'' selves of their commission with inconceivable 
^ rapidity and success : supported by this Spirit 
^' from above, you will find them firm and undis- 
mayed ; though the powers of the world, the 
prejudices of the great, and the passions and 
present interests of all were united against 
'* them : I need not. Sir, call to your recollection 
^' not fewer than 5000 persons convehed by one 
^' discourse; and although you will not thence 
^' be led to expect any such miraculous effects 
'* from yowr preaching, yet may you derive great 
'^ confidence from the conviction which this In- 
" stance may atford you, that God by his Spirit 
»* is, according to His gracious promise^ present 
*' with his faithful servants, in every country, at 
f' every period, and in every sittiation, according 
f' fi» th^ necessiities of His Guirch sh^II r^quiie. 


^ In that History, you find the adversaries to tht 
^ truth conspiring to slay the first teachers of it, 
** and in some instances but too successfully ; and 
'^ you will with thankfulness reflect, that your 
lot is fallen in fairer ground, and that no such . 
trials and afflictions aft>ide you ; y^t under siich 
opposition as you may reasonably expect to 
meet with, and from which we dare not pro- 
^' mise you an absolute exemption, you will learn, 
*' with these distinguished preachers of the Gos* 
*^ pel, to rqoice, if you shall te accounted 
^' worthy to suffer shame or persecution, for the 
*^ name, and the relig-ion of our Blessed Master, 
'^ The two prevailing ingredients in the cha- 
'' racter which you are about to sustain, are— 
*' a lively Faith, and a fervent Love tovmrds God 
^* and Man : without the former, your ej^ertions 
*' would want that resoltition and firmness, which 
5' ar6 necessary to their success; he that iva- 
^ vereth, is tossed to and fro like the waves of 
*' the sea, and is forbidden, as you well know, to 
*' expect a blesMng from above. And without 
'** the latter, your services will be cold vrith re- 
'* spect to God, and lifeless with respccl to youi? 
•^^ neighbour — Here, Sir, 1 would beg leave to 
mention^ that if your love for the souls of men 
have its proper effect upon yoijr mind, you 
^' will not decline even the lowest services of a 
'* Chrisjifeii Minister, in order to promote their 
f ' everlasting welfiure : you will not think it ail 



" raj^t^} :iCiyPH ^tOMJlfl bfi .<;9fle<i upon to iSOQtri? 
v >u^,,ypur ^^sis^CjC, in bringipi^ up .younff 
f' <^il^e|i m the ^iwttire wd admcnitio^. .of the 


^' ^^d ^ypp wijl^ rpmembej;^ wvo it .was, tbi^ ia? 
'* yUqci l^t]^ ch^/eg tp pfm» unto Hpi^ and 
(' rejijal^ those discjp^b tbfit would haye kept 
^^ tl^eoi frpH^ ]Him : yoi^ ^Ul fed ^ real satisfiac- 
\' tion ip your cjtre of the rising generation^ an4 
f ' in being mstrupaeitfal in inculcating principlei 
'' of truth and rigliteouBuess which may be tiansr 
'f mitted to posterity^ to their gr^t comfort iii 
'^ this life^ i^nd the?r ey^erl^iiting ]l>?ne4t in tha 
^^ next. 

" Per^nit me now^ Sir^ tp a^d % f^w words ret 
tf ^pecting your own par^ipiilar ppnduct : ^d let 
f me venture to pre^pribe t^.yQu the -utmost care, 

ff ptrpuDjispefitiop, w* self-goir^rnmqn^; a city 
Tii'i^^fth i?flf|qn^aij hill qimiot be hid: a Mif 
:; Iji^pf, pf ^h^ Gwpel 9f f^\^r «fppcialljr ia 
^f such ^ situation %9 yoi^r's^ i^ w^ pbject^ towfid 
f wjiich .the eyej^ of all men ,^e directed ; his 
^f light mi^st so shiiie before mpxx, as to indpcs 
i^ tiii^ip ^^gloFifyP^i' Ff^thei^ which is in heavens 
Wj&^Vust $|i%t )t. wil} b$. yo^r desire to iiv^ acr 
^4mg \» the jv^ of strict PHpty and tern- 

V RPWPfife wa»llayed by wiy 40g^ee of fliorase^ 

V HP8» P^ ^verity : yo^ y^U) aet wisely in j|hfsw^ 
/' log tbft ypu «re a prpfessor and a tpupher of 


f< tf^ good M^ pvfM gift> 4o tnlj^tea Ah^ 
f' yu4fri»tfw<iing^ to«ap|)ti|^ Uji^ will, w4 t9 re^ 
^^ gwlMe 4ie4iff|^ti<^ of ^> 4Wi wiuw -^ prar 
^' ceptfi )iav«e tbfjr jHpper effiac^ t m thtt if vfiyt 
i^ho mil tb tpnsd i y ps CbriHwii^f, aw nnboljr, aar 
Uni|>«ni^/«iul irifliou in tkieir liv^, tfi^ dtr 
f' moMimte that tbey are QirUtians oi^y ia 
^' wun^ natifi^i^pMi in irath ; nitjr, Hmj are 
^^ ^i»4^ ib«fi ^diii«% gaijiy ia tke isigbt «f 
.^'.4jbo4 ; inwOTinrh as they otHpe the ^ewiay of 
f' the {Huest i^tgioB upon QMrth to ))la8pheni» 
^ that hfijy Naipe in which they were baptij^eil 
f' an4 by whj^ they ace called. Vqu will msvv, 
f"^ we trusty be tempted to se^k.the fiiyonr of tb^ 
'^ ric^ by flattery^ or tim approbatipQ of tb^ 
^' Hcei^tiow by uoaitatinj^ their manners: yos 
^^ m\k pever .b0 withdiawa firom .#ii imiDtt* 
^' diate atteption to the ppiritqal dptieK of yov 
f }ily!mqu, by any engagement in worUUy pre* 
'' jectc^ for lucre's «ak^ : you will never prqtt^to 
f' your ^vlti^, or the dijgpiity of your characteib 
ff to giye con^dence to vice;, or a yarpi^h to prgt^ 
f fi^eneipf. ^41^ Sir^ ypfi have too loi||pcbensb«4 
ff in yoor niin4 ^^ habitual Bevereof;^ for tlw 
f' nifjyesty ..of heaven; too jo^g bmn iptent.^Ni 
ff iiopiprpying your talenti fqt thfi iutemtjjk of 
f truth; imd <Mre too firm an(l resolute in your 
f^ dptennination to impress the duties of our reti« 
f/ g^ ou (be mindi of yo^ tiw^eis, to {|Ilow Vf 


•'one moment's apprehension on tkis subject 

* Be assured that you qan by no other meaiM so 
'' effectually vanquish the power and poficy- of 
^^ the enemies to the truths as by conmcing 
*' them, by your example^ that it is the CShristian 
»^ Faith alone, which can render the life of a 
»' rational creature pure, his conversation holy, 
** his manners irreproachable. 

*' The re-establishment of peace in the eoun* 
■* try to which your are going, the Society con- 
^ siders as a circumstance very favourable to the 
*' purposes of its Eastern Missionaries. The 
•*' still, small, but persuasive vwce of religion is 
^^ not likely to engage attention amidst the 

* tumult of war, the clashing of arms, and the 
♦' sound of the trumpet. Men's irritsrf;ed pas^ 
^ sions must subside, and tranquillity must pre- 
•*• vail Within, before the Gospel of Peace will 
^'ftnd'an easy knd a welcome reception. Happy 
•^ win it be, if our eonquests the way 
^ for a farther introduction of the Gospel, and 
•^ for the extension and enlargement of Chrisfi 
'/' kingdom : wTien such as are now estmnged 
^' from the way of truth shall be taught to be- 
«* lifeve in their hearts, to confess with their lips, 
**' and to gloi-ify by^ their lives oiwr Lord and 
'^' Saviour JesUs Christ. What a lustre would 
*' such an accession give to the British conquests 
" in the eastein world ! When it should appear 

^* that we have been conquering, not for WX* 


^ sehret fiotti, tot for Him abo in whom we be* 
^' lieve ! How glorious would the name of 
*' Britons be rendered^ when to the train oi vic« 
^ tories obtained over a mercHess and insid^>u0 
'•* foe^ shall be added a far more important tri« 
'' umpfa over the grand adversary of mankind^ 
'' with the principalities and powers of darkness 


compelled to submit, and deliver up his cap* 
tives to the Prince of Peace. This sorely 
^' would be the perfection and the crown of aU 
^' our other victories: it would tend to fill. the 
•'' world with a due sense of the majesty of Cod% 
^^ gloiy^ when mercy and truth should once mofe 
/' be seen tp flourish out of the earthy and rjghtii^ 
^' o^sness and pe^ce should again embrace each 
f^ other in the eastern hemisphere. 
. ^' And now^ Sir^ it is more than tipie th^il 
'' shcyuld^ ii)i the name of tliis Society^ bid yoM 
f^ farewell ; and wish you success in the name ef 
^' the Lord : be assured, that you will be attended 
^' with our constant prayers to God^ the fountaia 
f ' of wisdom and mercy, that He may be pleased 
f to direct you in all your ways, and prosper you 
in every part of your undertaking. The ^So- 
ciety looks forward with pleasing hope to a 
period, as, we trust, not very &ii distant, when 
'^ it will, through the munificence of a late most 
f* libera) benefactor^ be enabled to improve the 
^ situation of its Missiouftries ; askd wUerf the 


^ ^keat^etL i« 60 {AbhImw ted tte iat>Mfef« are 
^ so few^ ti» tend (bith Mh^mrers into that hiu-- 
^ Teflt*/4mffied und^ our owfi inspetitioR^ and 
^ regularly appomted by our Own Church lo that 
^ inbit importaint seWrce. BfteAwWile^ Sir, firom 
*' yoiir character, your conversation, and the ac- 
■* tx)URt6 We have necdved xH your general liabitt 
^ off life, we are encouraged to' form the most 
^ isangnine hopes, Ihat the expectations of the 

* ^tetielty wlli be Mly answered : we send you 
^ forth, as we humbfy trust, Oiristo Duce el 
•^ Attsptde Cbristo : and shaB be most anxious to 
^ heaiT, that, throug*h the Messiti^ of God, you 
^' bave been enabled to shew to fliem that are in 
^ eirtr the h'ght of divhie triith • and have pre- 
^ vailed with many to walk in the way of righte- 
'^ ousness and salvation : we shall be solicitous to 
^' hear, on the testimony of those venemble per- 
^ sons already mentioned, and on whose repre- 
^ Mentations we can with such safety rely, liiai 

* you are powerfuRy assistant (o thefr endea- 
^ Vours ; that you are giving weight and autho^ 
'^ rity to your own instructions, by exhibiting^ iii 
^ your conduct an example of whatsoever tbn^ 
^ are pure and honest^ amiable, siid of Voo3 
*^ repttft: such a conduct, as the adversaries o( 

our religion may be constrained (o apprbV* 


•« * See the Account published by Dr, Bray's Aseo^iatM 
w in the year 17^'* 

'' and admira; and such as may afford a fuU ad« 
^' siver to such of their objections to the Chiistiai^ 
'' system^ asait droim frcMoi the temoial lives of 
'' those^ who call themseWes its friends and ad^ 
Totalis : such a condurt, in.shoit, as wittcaiiw 

pel tjb^mto' 1^90 wlddsQ^ tlMtCMtii f^ yoa 
of a truth; and that tl^qs hfwst no Mil tUsi^ t» 
say^ either oi yonr^. or yow religion. iMlly^ 
ouiC edmest h^e isj that> hehigt jwtiSed by^ 
fisiith in the sight of God, nmk h$ yow pradani 
andtirtiioas dcBw an oa ^ aewplefd ^ mai^ jo» 
wiU bQ coomda^ aft a biw^ng andrafcsMniny 
Ught, warmipg tha afieif tiimSf of tho hidiffiuwit^ 
and illuminating the understanding of t|ie qpo* 
rant : and that» having betiv iastronanlalv io 
tamiqg the hearts of the disjoi^ediant to tha 
wisdom of the just, whaa your coqim ia 
finished^ greaUy to your own aradit,, gceatly 
to the honour of rdigioB^ and graatl j U^ iim 
satis^ction of aU thataie intarBsted> as lae.ars^ 
in the promotion of CharistiaH knowfedgis^. yo« 
viull e^perieMO the fall acoon^lishmeafc of that 
gjroicious promise*--wben^ tbeg; who are, .wisa^ 
[ia the maiggin^ who metwch&rs} shall) nJIMiM 
^ as the brightness o^ the fin^ip^nt^ aadr^tibey 
'.^ thjKt turn iwny to.righte«awBi)9S8>ait tlieMf^;f» 
^ ever and ever,'' 










'^ Rev. Sirs and Gentlemeii, Wf worthy Superiors, 

^f YOUR admirable affection to the Gospel of 
'^ Jesus Christy and your glorious ensdeaVoiM foi" 
^^ promoting Christian Knowledge among Ae 
^ heathens^ and niy appointment^ as an English 
^' Missionary for that purpose^ afford me a con- 
^ venient opportunity to address myself to you^ 
^^ returning my most hearty thanks^ that you 
*' have deigned to call me to sueh an important 
'* office. 

Now having the honor of being in your pre** 

sence^ I promise you most solemnly^ that I 
^ will, with the blessing of Grod, use my utmost 
*' endeavors, to satisfy your glorious purpose, in 
*^ sending me to the East Indies. Such an office 
^' of a Missionary to the heathens I have long 
*^ wished for, authorising me, to announce to the 
'' people, that walk in darkness and dwdl in the 
'^ land of the shadow of death, the etemri light 
^^ as the Gospel. I shall ever bless that moment, 
*' wherein I am charged with that gteat duty^ to 
'^ testify to the heathens the one true (3od,r'the 
^' Maker of all things, and his only begotten Son^ 
'' Jesus Christ, 

'^ I ivill labour, to make heathens understand 
y and believe in the great and blessed truths oX 





*\ Jesus Cbrifit^ w1k> came into the worlds to caK 
*' sinners to repentance^ and to save his people 
'' from their sins. 
'' I will tell them^ that God sent down from 
heaveo -th^ Holy Ghosts to iUumiDate them, ta ' 
work. upon them ; io direct their miads> incU* 
nations^ and desires^ . thai ibfiy might live in 
correspondence with God's wiU aid the Holy 
Scriptures. - » 

In our age. we may not perceive (he full Oi^* 
tent of the henefits derived from preaching the 
great . doctrine of salvation through Jesu9 
'' Christ; we can with difficulty perceive the^ 
nature of even visible things; but I am con-* 
" vinced of what I am going to preachy and I' 
'f am delighted with my message^ that shall lead' 
•' in the true and right way those Gentiles, wha' 
'\ are plunged into blindness and error. And* I 
think it a reward, a great blessing and glory td- 
^ you and t)ie Church ol^ England^ that yoti ard 
*\ the chosen vessels unto the Lord, to make 
'[ others bfar ))is name before the Gentiles, and* 
*\ kic\gSjf and the unconverted inhabitants of the' 
'^.prlid. I Uufit in God^ he will more and more* 
'f pf osper ypur endeavors and your glorious de* 
\', fugji^wi^i his divine b^esnings. , God will tajce 
care of the congregations in India, he will pro«' 
tect, and feed, and increase his flock. I do not 
*' doubt of it^ I am sure of it, God will prosper 
^' your intentions. What he does in nature, he 
^{ will do and more fio in his heavenly kingdom.' 



m . 

fSfywU <>f the alr-f>*Mm' i ieMtai^ FaHier vfeeitar 
:^tIiem.-Qod: clothes the giiM of'tht 4M; 
'"^ which fiHlay^ k, and tOHfttohtfw' ir citfCiftM Acf 
f^ «v0i^. * I wfll'1I0^iter of Htlfe« iiilft ; haoytrttst 
^^ttt^CMr thul htjoni th6 iiM^ tU«M:'#Ulte 
(^hMight^< tteoBgH ymir ahi e ii t xi wf v ^ gitat: 
^' lifeitiltide t^ €tddl» whof wffl betomeitfiMk')^ 
^ partaken of his glory ; that we shaB* sbfe and 
f" flftw 4c%rthery an A our heafftr shaH HbtfT alM 
y fiiilKgf rf, bMMte the sftandtfifM of Aetfcti' 
'^ (rild 'bat cmvtrtM mte^Ood/ lh» ^^to^ 
«^- GeMites shalli ciMie tnHa the* Laird. 

'^ fte mysaV; I will pmjr to Gud to bfesa to 
!<. thift* ptopose yoar gioriom designs^ and to 
'' jmalt^ me ako a good instranttnit of.yoftr*eiH 

^f d«|VOIUR».. 

.. '' Now I devote mya^lif. to Qod^ with aH tfast 
'/ iie has given me^ and I witl^ to thie tftnoat ol 
'1 any: power, promoto bis glory. Whiceftve I 
^f bag: leaice toi r^comfiend oiyfld£ W yra» B?^ 
^ verend SOn, Gentlemen, and BeacA«toiv. I 
shall naTei fcMrget what I have promiied jpMia 
ib9 poesfMerof God« 1 will alway«lafce aiff 
\r of ao^dol^. aM. w^^^ labour^ wc^^ live; wd; 
"i ^$ .as arMiiiiitar of God> and as m CStOipAvi' 
V JMtosiottaiy/^ ; . { • 


<' la the acoovdt ro^'^793, th« d«tfl»«r lilrv 
William CaMUBbefi< m mmomatoiy m¥tt very 



^ great emcern ; by this event it it tibmatmBi, 
^ the kitwests of trae religion in India, and tiie 
V aftkiya of the Calcutta MiMon in partienlar^ 
have experienced a considerable lots. 
Mr. Uorst, a person whom Mr. Geridii had 
^' placed at CuddaJore, is said by Mr. Gerick6 
'^ to have done honor to his stidkin* He had 
'' cfartstened 17 English, and foor Malabar 
it chHdcen. 

'' The Rev. Mr. Swartz, in a letter dated 
^l Madns, Feb. 5^ 1798, observes cx>nceming 
^^. the Heathens, that matij of them were bap- 
tized last year, and particulariy some of 
those called Kaller, who are kxdied npon as 
'. the worst, and somewhat resemble the thiev^i 
'^ Arabians. These people having been in« 
structed two months, were baptized. Being 
ba'^ized, we insisted upon their becoming in* 
^' d^riotts in their pitoper business. All of them 
'^ htid**v«Ay l^ood fields, which they were ex- 
'''^^rted^ ttf cultivate. To these exhortations, 
'^ wcf addi^tlMDcuIar inspection. I went and 
'^Vittlkd tliem in theiir villages. Havhig exa« 
^*|Mned them in respect of their knowledge, 
^('ifid'pteyiftd With them, which vras commonly 
'^4IM#in fAe presence df a great many heathens^ 
^' I desired to see <he fruits of their industrfi oa 
'^ which they fully satisfied me. I then exhorted 
[' then to be honest, in paying the usual rent to 

^* dto^tofllp€ct facfNrffd. > Ab the iiratercattiM» in 
^^ fh^ AiftBnkt had oot'bera cfleftrad-lor l& yttrt^ 
*4>y >#4lcWn^gk«l the cnkivation was* impeded, 
^'^nA^ehupmstlemBnei, 1 ^aitnenled die col^ 
^ teetor to admmoe a stiin of money to dear 
^''tliem; pwoniising Co send people to:iaapect: tfaie 
'' work. The worik was co<npletely <bne> and 
^^ tiidse tidiabttattts iHw 'formerly^ for mmal of 
^ i^M^r, Iiad vwprd only 4000 large kneiudres, 
'"^ Mlkdfcalam, reaped noiv 14,000: fadtkun^ and 
^^' rejoiced in the htcrcage^ The whole 4r«(riet 
*' reaped nearly 100,000 kakm more than they 
had done the preceding year. B«t Ak^our 
joy was soon «arned iato^Hef; The- h^thens 
^'' obsenrin^ (hat'mtetny of their iMalioiio imhed 
>'^ to ettibt^ee QiristMiity, and thatHMeh aa^hdid 
^ tieeki baptised refdsed to join in Chelr ^tider- 
^ it\g eipedMions^ assembled^ and foMied an^eb- 
!^ ctahpment, threatening to eitii^te ^Gkrk- 
'^ tiaiiity . Now all looked dimial. Man^-^ t!fe 
** <Jhri^Mms were e*icouteged 4)y f heir rflililibris, 
'' yAko i^tte Iteathens, to form «n opposife ^^tap. 
^'-^Btft-I e^diorted the Christians to iiA**f Wa dt 
* 'bther weapoh^; fik. ptttyer, htinlility; MMIf^pa- 
•'-tSerttc, telthtg flfcb ih strong t€&,'*fli4t1f 
^%ey1[jccame a^res&ors,'f shdiild 'di66^ ^ferii. 
** ^ts'»fetnf<^i^Ta^€ed foA^'iri^^^ ilAd'be- 


'^^ Meted tbe.cultivatkok , of thpir own fields and 
datenred othefS'tem dok^ it .1 wrote; to 
llie«0 niisgttided people^ {fip^ the^ had Hii»- 
cblefroiu gttidett^) scot 4ate€hi9te to them^ ei^ 
f^ hoifed dmn not to ooiftniit sneh hoirid wm, 
ff iMidTemiiided theiDihat my ionner ^endbiaYOfirB^ 
"^ so fapoeficial to thenii had not merited : ttlch 
^''. treatnaent At fast finding no opposition from 
•'^ the CbristianSi and not bMig wiUiny to ba 
^^ hxibcd qpon Ob the aggressors, all went to 
^^ their. hfrmes aad work, plowing and mowing 
'^ Wififcfa double diligence. My beaort r^otced at 
•'^ tiia liind oversaling Proyidenoei-^Surely he h 
'^ God ttaA heai?eth prayer T' 

ff* .At tbe clo^eof the preeeding year, the reignr 

'^ iag Rig^b. of Tai^ore bad gone so far in his 

f aniiQOiiky and j^tatonsy against the adopted son 

*' 0f lj»e fonncff lU^jahi that Lord Corn waUis and 

^^ the Oownor at Madras had thought proper to 

f ' iiajl tt^w to Madras ; and Mr. Swartz h^^Ting 

.^« baen appoiii)^ gaardian of that fam%. Go- 

t'^.vemme^Uhad wished him to accompany them. 

sf .Be .ac£wdingly h^d arrived at Madcaa early in 

.f Jiaoayry, 9ud having done the buiiueis of set- 

Hff^ tbfim, might have returned to Tai^gra. 

pit aU.hjiv brethren %t Tranquebar and Tan- 

f! iwe teyj»g^4w«r^ hinoL to fi^y ftwr some time 

}fwy» Mff« iSericliL^ at V^per]^, p#d a^st bi^ m, 

his laborious woirk^ and himself haying a great 

cc 2 

". t, 



** regard tar &tAt nv^rtiiy friend, ii6 Vkd -Oatef^ 
" Mty c^cmseritiJd to fott(Wth€Sr advice.--*^ -Here/ 
*' he ^a^s, ^ • I haw ctircfdHy dbMTved; the re^- 
I&tions made by Mr. Qerichej ^bfs ^Koeileut 
ord^f fcjspeetiftg Ditine -Service, In th6 Mak* 
'^^ bar/ Portttgtieze, ahd' EngKsh 'teogMi. iOa 
** Siinday motriing5i, he preaches tntke TaBiit^ 
'^''lian or 'Malabar congregatioD ;- in the alkei^ 
*^ ncron he prtaches ' to the Portuguese, and in 
*' ' tire eveniitg' to the English. He catechizes 
*'■ every evening in thfe English, "ttie Pbrtugueze, 
*'' 6Y the TMalabar language. I cdnfen it has 
*** gTven me great satisfaction to behold thalatl is 
•^ done \Yrth the greatest regulailty ttndt'pro- 
pricfy. lam now his assistantin this deiigbt- 
'M \vol^k;— May €fod *)0iTi send Mm a fidthful 
'^ *fell6\\MabouTer !-^My d^a^ brother, yoa nay 
'*' assurfe ohr Vci'terrible siip^iors tftet (liay'.wfli 
*"* rejoice at the last day, by b^^in^ tbeifhiits 
" of that \vork% \\h\t\\ they |)toil% support^) 
' '*■ I'he Rev. Mh Jtip-nicke, in a. letter dated at 
'*' Tatijor6, obJ5c*nTs/that, arPalamcotla,.he:had 
'' resided ten inonthsr, preaching omSMydays in 
" Malabar and English, and on PridaySfiii Ma- 
'^ labar. Sometimes' Sattianaden- had preached 
for him, in his natiVe language^ ^'i^be n^tle- 
men and othel* Eui'opeahs regukriy-fire^^Mited 
'' tlie Church, to which they were enqouragcd bj 
'' the good example df the comnftLndtug officer. 
' Dufing his stay at PaIat)^cottft>"» he haH) in- 




stracied and Ixiptued ^ iifa^eof, ^4 <^4i^ 
likewise receiveid:s6v«ml cx)nverts iroai^^^ffry 
'f The CilristkuiB in tt(^ Tiim^vcfly district. ge« 
^' nerally resided in the eoantry, n^d formpdsefp 
^f vcraldongregaiions. For tl)eiu^ of :(bos^ ^at 
^^ 'Padpftnadaburain^ and at Pariinf> ] hc^ had 
'^ erdcted rscmne dhapok^ at the eaqpi^^ pf, Mr. 
'^ 8wait2. Many of those converts were Oam 
imtiB, not in naMc only^ b)it in rcali^^ "jThero 
is eveiy reason to ^pe, he o^rves, thai at .a 
'^ future period Christianity wiU prevail in .the 
Tionayelly country .-^liimself and Satiiaq^Qn 
had sevendly' made journeys into parts of the 
•country, mke^e the word of God hiul^neyei: bor 
fdre beieu preached ; and the people wpjre ga* 
f^» norally fUAenti}re, and^^ii^ODs of heari^; they 
^^ msficsnbled in hundreds, and shewed hi^n^yery 
^'fxesifitct, and nuokbers ha4 conducted him from 
^r >TiUBge to Tillage. Sattianaden had ei^perienced 
*' the 'Same attention. More than 30 people 
<eaii|e afterwards to Palamcotta to h|e iufi^ucted 
r?ii. imA bapti^; — ^Such, happy effects, he remarks, 
:if' 'wm^ often be experienced, cojild suph jpur? 
fi heys h^ fre^iiently repeated. 
I. :^r. Mr. ^(Enicfce mentions, tbftt Mr. Swartz had 
-5fjitmp9lt1ed the Secretary's Letter addressed to 
b(^' Stfttianadea^ and that its cqntQUts had given 
V or iiftin ufispc^kable joy^ and ^ad animated hipi tp 
*:</ 1 a.<gi^NUteir. enjoyment of Christ's holy religion, 
fl to live cQmformabl^ to its rules, to follow 


*' Christ, to set a good example t6 i}\ |^erWh?, . 
" and to be faithful to the charge comrtiitted 'ta 
'* him. Conceiving tliat it ^voiiM no^ t>e iiiiiic- 
f' ctptable to the Society, Mr. JoBnicke hfid sent 
^' a principal part of one of Satfianaden's' letters^ 
"*' in a laithfiil translation, a^ foUows-^^ t shall 
^' al^taya be thankful fo the Honourable Society 
^ for their benevolence, and lh6 great 'femon^ 
^ strtLtions of it towards me. I shall neveir for- 
* get their having confirmed me in niy office. 
'^ Their having my happiness, and the %appi- 
^' ness of my nation, so much at heart, Excites 
*' me to constant praises to God. I shtiU obey 
*' thcifi in every respect, be carefal not tb d^p« 
** point them in their hopes, shew my htimble 
'^ submission to them, and by di^harginl^ kB the 
'^' duties of my function I shall endeslvour t6 Sve 
'^ to their satisfaction. By gtviiig itie such gdod 
^ fudmonitions and comfort, they evidence tbdri* 
^ selves to be fkithfol stemiirds of the mysM^ea 
^f of God, and ikhew that tfaey stant) in Oittce, 
^ and experience it richly. T shall titidfeaviftir, 
by the grace of God, to live according tb tWeip 
kind advice^ in order to be fit to tojOy ihe 
comforts they mention to me, and to expi^ri* 
^' ence the promises of God, which In thdt 'biis6 
^' He Will faithfully fulfil. Whoever knowfe the 
^' truth, and the design for which it was jtevritfed, 
*' and enjoys the blessings of but* lioly *te%i6n, 
f[ be^ and l^e onljr, is fit to recommeiidTtto bthen. 



ThQQgh. ottc^ tyrho does not e^oj tbe gcacarof 

^,Gfod, revealed and purcljased for u^ bv our 

ble^d Rede^enier, and does not live up to the 

de^^ of it, should pecommeiid it^ ever 40 much 

to otbei^s^ it will be to very little jp^ur^e^^ and 

a^eifded with verj little. blessing; for lie wha 

does. not lead an holy life^ according to the 

Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, though Imi 

sl^ould speak as an angel from heaven^ yet ^is 

life n^^ being correspondent with his dojctrineji 

.^is.prea^l^i^g will often be in vain : it will toa 

b^ a tes[timoiiy against him^ and tend to his 

Ql^^n ruin^ ^s we read in the 50th Psalm. l%a( 

tlvis ma^,nQt be the case with me,, I shall 

always, eud^vour to be watcjiiful ; and ^t is my 

daily p^uyer to God^ jthat he may grant me the 

,jgr^(fe. of his blessed Spirit., to gr^w more and 

\ more in^ knowledge and in godliness. When 

,][.p<si4fWP)ft^ ^ ^^ys ^^ God, by which he 
.hflMsJ^.mej. I ,am full of admiration and praises 
' A» \v^u 1 w^ a heathefi befpre, who djd.not 
J(W>w biinjj, ftnd.he J^.c^ed we by ^is faith,- 
'^. ixi^ .^srv^^t Mr- ,S>var(z. This my venpraUe 
fa(^c^ .b^ s.Qpeived and instructed me^ His 
\\ .jWP^ltippaj, toy daj and by.night, tended tp bring 
me to xegentance towards God, and faith t«« 
Yi^xj^, Q^ Lord, Jesi^a Christ ; to |)i;oduQ^^ ia 
'f me fruits m^tfof rejpjentance, to. induce me to 
'':}^,%jg:^ and holy life, Q^d to grow, in 
'X J^ff Jp^S^ W^ W ?V9ry |?caee imd virtaej He 
















'* jftppdnttd Efal&todbffihg aafvAi^oA ia mk Vihvt- 
*' h^fi viGbdiMai of JesjoiiQIuistj: whdm heiias 
f'-sdiitorfttdtcrothe iHdrldi{;ibj:^afne<|aeBte ci 

f iMdndi be bave meihe bffice xif ib iateohiBt, knd 
*f ined his^iMDlidoBt eiideovoqrs 'to ^bitng 
:^^ MOiCi ejtiBJisbre ; knowledlg^i Aind likawisBiyou, 
-^f Sir^ exerted yoiurself^ to carreetnTfer^ 
<'' my failings; ' : encoom^ed me to gfmw in' gtodli- 
/' nasn^' and jendeavouced ft) m&e ite mdire und 
.f^ mprt) .luefal aild happy. Should I' 'be irtVed, 
5f! wbich> Iryating' ki the mercy of Qod/I bi^td 
be/,il!n(Ul be a giory to yoii ; akid enreii though 
I should be lost^ (which God forbid i) My dam- 
nation canaot diminish your glofy. If ow^ to 
GFo^n^the pioMs exertions of my suuahMteemed 
teachers, theJflououfable Society faaa apptOYed 
of ;your preceedingSj and cotlfirmed^oie im the 
bi^^ <$&ce*c0mimtt4dto mt ; a btetttelenee 
*' im\A^ I thall never forg«t j *May * Qnd Ipsnt 
'^ ar tilily humble misd ! May -ha inake< m^ ac- 
'^ cepfable^ aiyself, ditiffent in Ihe perfidraiance 
^ 'of every duty>. useful in my generation^ andobe* 
dient to him and to n^ 6uperipr8.<--fMr. Jemickc 
^' .concLudea his letter wiUi strong exjNreasioas of 
gratitude lo the Soci^ety,. prayeiis to Godi for his 
blesemg upon* their efibrts, /and eiitreaties for a 
o^ntinuance of their prot^ioii. < y 

In a poBtficript to this\ktter> wiftten. and 
signed by JVIi^. -SwvtK> 'Wd/dMe4^at iUftfety^^ 







H^ MadJW'ire hkd: fr^qtieatly tcmmMd wHh^ Sir 
.^^ £Jlaflrle9 * OalSfeyp and viqpresented "to liint'^thb 
^'(Il8€iiiln$i9:(lf<the provkicbl :8olic»l% iii emi8€- 
.f^ .qvMfoe.of wbich tte €k»ve#Ror had coDfloited 
Kf ix^Ae €9tebliBlmiait of one or fevro more^ ^ 
-^f lifiODnias-opportunities stiaBld Buit • 
I </*>The Revi Mr. Fdhle, in 4 letter dated ^ 
.V' TinKflifcapally, Jan. 18, ITSS; infortna tKe 
.^ iflkociely> thftt during the preeednag year he had 
:j ., ':^' Baptized 63; six heathens inclfldttd. 
' r.v;^' 'Heceiired 5; from popery. * 

* rf' Buried 87, of whom 69'#ere Europeans. 
r ^* r: ^' Mfi»ied 2(1 cotipte. And had given the 
I "^ ^SsKsrameiit to900 personii, ten btingne?*' tom^ 
^f^' niutite8tiits.^Tbeve 'were then in the Malabar 
r^' 8ehDolfr«m Iftto^^ *nd1n the English from 
' ^^ ^90to^40.v-^e ixiimdons'the' having ^xpefientied 

n a.igmtrhM.byitfafe dfe^Mnrtar^ of Mr. Klein to 
'^^fnfFnai^tfetM, Hvho-Hid .very betieiteiall^as^tGd 
-'^'iilni*nn'*hift'Worfc«f the'iftfettion ; and also by 
:•/' 'the ded^th of a good^oM ciit^cbist, namied Igna- 
1 y'^. thmttMjO. He^ was the hM of thf« admCaiils^ 
^.\ ^ iwhom Mr. Pobleiiadirand at Tindchinapally^ 
.: ff' on^bis'first tgnvrsA «herei,* MM'tad indeed ikiCh- 

'' fully preachid @h¥isQ wotwlthManding the dp- 

/.^^ pOfeSMmi U>1^W!cl»i(1iad ^Jlposi^d him. A young 

■:(f'' pd^, inam^d V Abrahaiit) ^>rdKited 1 0(«he d^cea^ed 



^' school; Cbfutti^iij A mm^^i (liQ.bighier:jc«/st, 
vtm bb Malatjfiir coteehiat, •adlJii»iioi^^ DewR- 
wgiQjaiM, WM ficliMAmMtor ; besMefi two o(|ier 
peraons^ one a^ a catecki«(, and the other* w an 
««0btantyiA|ia«niiigfort)|eMisw». ByooMns 
^ of the peaoCi which had hiq^tiflgr takfiauplBGe^ 
'' the work of 4he Misiion had'heen jaofo. wun^ 
'^ terruptedly oanried on ; awd the emigFoi^atioii 
'' wd gankoa bad bad the ^Wotd of .God re^- 
'^ Jarly pveacked to ihera> and the SaawaenU 
^' di% admiakteFod. He obeerve^^ that mtmy 
Euf(qpea;ns, oatives of Britahai e$peei$dly^ were 
oAea deiiroua of haviog maniages aiid christen- 
isxffi solemiiifiied in private^ without proper rea- 
^' fiQn or license ; that heiu^e censideiable incon- 
Tenience arose to Ministers consdentioasly de- 
airoiK of domg their duty^ aod tliat he could 
'* wid^ to see the evil rejoedied by order of the 
'^ East India Company. — He observes^ moreoFer, 
^' that it would be a benefit to have a Bishop 
"^^ retideat Miong them^ as the RcMtttui CatlKdies 
^^ had. — DttFiBj^ the preceding year he had not 
^' been able to mdce one journey ; he had nerer* 
^' theless had frequent opporinniti^ ^f eopvffifs** 
^' ing with the heathen upon religious sulj^e^. 
'' The Reverend the Danish Missionaries^ in 
^ a letter dated at Tran^uebv, Jan^ IMt, 1(193, 
^ acknowledge with expreasiops eC> giMt gnat^ 
f5 lode thawiivai of preswte oarual^stnmsBfiiited 

'• < ' ' ' ' • • i . » t ' 




wHl <ei^d|fttvovr tx> dtterve ibe khi4iie«8 of the 
Soiiifetjr. by fidlhluHy ^titchasginf theif duty* 
^^ l^be kistyMr^ they renuat;^ bad prodttced «e- 
'^ vei«J iMtancer of a kind Providence tovmnds 
Mi«ir ;Mifiaioai^ a g^enl pewe kaving been 
THVpvfA '• tftA pomMrjr, 9jid several of tbea 
hairing been veleased fMta dangeroiu sick* 
«eaw»> sothat they bad beea leoabkd io osn* 
^< tinae th^ireadea^oars' toanfatngpe |be;k0i^dbfa 
^* of Christ wHbia their own btAind^ries^ Ui4 i^ 
•• di^nt places. 
^ ^^ ^4 Heathens had been baptized^ and 
*^ 137 Children born of Christian payenta* 
^^88 Pcnrsms had been buried. 
•• S& Couple married. 
^ 1000 Persons and upwards bad commui- 

nicated in the Lord's 8upp«r^ 
*i ]i76 Children had enjoyed the benefit of 
inttmetion and * maintenance in 
the Mission SdMMiki. 
^ The Old IVstement in Alalabtr contianed 
^' in fli6 p^hAhlg-preBi, and a new edkiM af the 
^' Pfophet6 ; together with some smaH \Att»,4(tt 
*' the benefit of Christians and heathens. 

' The ateonai for.lT^ Jie^iaa with lamealiBg 
agaiii: tkat di» oppertosiity: had eeennred ^ 
0endiiigi<aii0^M» MiManary.f^^ and 

with rewwed expressions of regret for the deatb 


of Mr:' Wfffiam ChamBcrt:^ 'Mt?C^^ a 

letter fi-om Mttdras, • int^itenb that Mif: '^Wartz 
had obtained froirf Are ijrove*nment/fe' m^rfdily 
illbwance of 40 Pagoda^ for tbe PiroteMadt poolr 
at Negapatnam. — ' » • m . , . • 

' *' Another letter ♦•has been received from Mr. 
'' Swart2, dated at Tinjore, Peb. I*, I »*, 

J tf 

'< * As the Society after ferty yeMs^expctkiiot, ba^ 
^ had ooaatant reaaoa to approTe of Mr. Swarta's iQl^^ty 
^' and yeracity as a corre^cmdent, his zeal as a promol^ of 
** Christian knowledge, and liis labours as a Missionary, thev 
^ take this opportunity of acknowledging his faithful services, 
** and recommending his letter to the consideration of the 
^ public, as containing a just statement of facts, rehiting to 
^ the Missioa, beBcFlsg tiiat Mr* Swvi/^ is ificfipable of de- 
*f parting from the truths in th^ mi^ij^est particular., 

*« Qyojif of a Letter from MarquU Comxxxdlis to the Lord 
Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry* 

*< Lower GtonemMtrea^ JPe^. 10». 1:795. 

<^ Dear Beadier^ 

« I have raceiTeillie tetter, whiflh yo9,m4Med 
-^ tosiaicpB) Dr. VMc^ntt reqiifiting, at 4te. desifce^tof the 
Socie^ for Promoting Chfistian Knowle^gje, ngij te^timoiyr 

ilhdia, I have every 
•M hk toib^ar^bi^iM^^eflljpCfct^^ ^uo ''^ 

<< Hon. and Right Rev. Bishop of Litchfield, &c*» 

t-' Written ia, ccnifiiequQiic^ i^rh«> Mmigr f»«ti»e4 

""/f'OfJPffiday^evi^miig^. Afay(24r> .17^> Mine m\* 
^^ irm4va»ioM{onrt)ifii Mistkiiii ^ Mii»ioqaxie9 
in general^ and himself in particular^ ^d^aofi- 
taiBinj^avindicatkm of himfHf^.tlfe.Qtbiy iVfis^ 
t si^ndtin^ aod the Mwionf^ Qip^ip^t H\^ misre- 
presentations produced to the public^ in . those 
dtnimadversionftw -—This letter^ being . oSr a. par- 
tieularly itrteresting natwe^ the Society judge 
fit to produce at length. 


" Tanjore, Veb. 13, VIM. 
'^ Reverend apd dear Sir^ i „ - 


^' As his Majesty's sev^nty^MUMb raiment 
f'^ is partly stationed at Tanjore^ and partly, at 
^^ Vallam, six English miles di$tant frcmi Tan- 
'* jore^ vrc commonly go once in a week to- Yal- 
^' lam^ to perform Divine Service to four compa- 
'^ nies of that regtmeat. ^ 

'' When I lately went to.that pfaiee, the glOth 
^^ "number of «- newqpaper^ calkd^. the Courier, 
"' Friday efv^ilkig:, May S4, 1196, vrasf oeuMDunF 
^*^ dkfedtome. (. 

« < 

^\ In that papet,I found a paragraph^ deliv^ied 
l^y Mr*, Montgomerie Campbell^ (lyho cyne 
out to kidKft with Si^ AMbibald Cam^i^y in 
the station of a prirate secretary)^ wherein my 
naiMfWWi 9M»tMiM)di]9 tltf fettowing manner : 
^j fMf^ j^^tgomerie Campbell gave his de/ 


V . i • . ' ♦ ■ 


^ oid«4 i>9te •gi^HMt the ckmae^ ami repvobiiled 

f^ Ibm idea of oonwftmgr ^ Gentoos. It n frne, 
^ Mianonaijes kaye made proselytes ^ the Par- 
ff num, but tb^ waat the lowest orderof people, 
f' mud had e¥eB degraded the religion they pro- 
^^ lessed 'to emhrnee; 

^ f Mr« fiwurts^ Wkose diaracter was heM so 
^ deservedly high^ could not have aay reason to 
*' faoast of the purity of his followers : diey were 
^^ proverbial for their profligacy. An instance 

occurred to his recollection, perfectly in pMit ; 

hs' ha4 been preaching for many hours to this 

cast of proselytes, on the heinousness of theft, 
^* and in the heat of his discoarse, taken off- his 
'^ stocky when that and his gold Ruckle were 
'^ stolen by one of his virtuous and enligbtoned 
*^ congregation. In such a description of natives, 
^' did the doctrine of the Missi^xnaries operate. 
^^ Itfea of high cast would spurn at the idea of 

changing the religion of thm ancestors/ 
Is ^hiM pansgraph is fiiMind in a public papery 
bought it would not displease the Honour^ 
*f aUe ^ciety, to make a few observations on it; 
'^ not to boast, (which I detest) but to declare 
^ tiie {^in trath, a^d to defend my teetfattn and 
** mysetf. 

^' About seventeen years ago, iHmi irmjded 
^* at Tinitchioapa%, I visited the 4iMgi£gation 
/^ utTef^ore. In my ioad i armed ?iittif. early 
^ at a viHage^ whicfa is kihMbitad by <cellariest, (a 


i€ I 



^' a^t qf peopde, who tre tn&iii(nift fior'stiaKng ;) 
^^ even ttie name uS a eoiim^ (w a better Ufen) 

^^ TbeM ieoUQiiM Jttake sightly exmirttOM, in 
'^ orcleir to' rob. They dmiB avmy builoekft and 
'^ sheep^ and whatever they can find ; iix which 
'' CKatmg^^ they aanuaUy pay 1500 ikekx, m 750 
^f pag}oda» to the Rajah. 

" Of this cast of people, many live in (he Tan- 
'' jore country ; still mere in Tondiman's coun- 
*' try ; and likewise in the Nabob's arnvtay. 

ifVhen I arrived at one of these vitta^es, 
called Pudaloor, I to<^ off my stock, pattttg it 
upon a sand-bank. Advancing a little, to Ibok 
'' out for the man who cajrried my linen dotiies, 
I was jregardless of the stook, ^ which lime, 
some thievish boys took it away. Not one 
grown person was pjresent. When the inha- 
bitants heard of. the theft, they desired me to 
confine aU .those boys, and to punish them as 
severely as I pleasdl. 

'^ Bat i feteed to do that, not thinking that 
'' thfe trifle which I liad lest, was wortii so anicll 

^"^ tiMible. . 

. .(' That such boys, whose fathe9mai«pr(#iissed 

*' thieves, should commit a theft, can be no mat- 

. '^ All the inhabitants of that village wert 
v^' thtethens^ ; not <*ie Christian famUy was found 

^' thrreiki. 

'' The trifle of a buckle I ^M'U h nt km^m ^ 
'^ lcm:hy a ClttiHiiMi m *iir,tfi> I iM %otliif fe 
^ €anq^Mll Witt teiie it, bot ii^ hcallMrbf9t.«j^' 

i'-N^ihmt 4Ui I {>reachv4it thaftktr:*'^. 
'' Miftitgvinerie Gampbel saystint I fnatIM 
'' tifD konrs : I did nol lo much m tonvMii^wMi 
" any^aiui. . .. . .;..|/ 

'^ This poor. etory, totally miireprettiitiil/ is 
'^ alkfgied by Mr. M. Campbell to prove the profli- 
f^ §acy, of OhriBtianii; whom ^he- edled^ wicllli ' 
^ fmetr, vhtuotisr und enHghtBiied people. - ' 

*^ If Mr. M. Caropbell hasno'beMrr jpfrod^'Mb 
'^ tonekisioa iu boilt upon a badiftfundatkm^ and 
f' 1 ihiH not admti^'bis logic ; trathris agahiN * 

^'^Jhkilhai»«istjt^triiertlwt the bestpifat^^ 

^^ofileywbo have b^eninstruoted, are Parrnrs. 

flMlAfrv-Mti^ta^bBllTiiited; even on^; *ei^ ^ 
^' Church, he would have observed that nmre 
*' iktmt9»thitis nmtebf the Af^etr e/is< ; luid 
^ ^iiriil>afc.Traa<|ueb«r and»pery. 

*' Our intention is not to bo^; bat ^ i 
« WKfmidtfMSy that many of ^thdie people Who 
M bgy^beefi iQi«tractecI> hav64eft this worid with 
^ wAt&A,, and . wilh a ^we^^rottttded hope' of 

*^That some of thosd, wh6 have been in- 
^ strul:ted; and baptized, have abused Ae bene* 

1 » 

ieip«ii««Mdiaii«<g«i«fu . .^ ^ ^ ' 

^^ fgCT th f nMfi » vk«0Wf^ and ackaowled^^ ti»t tfae 
^^ Mmionarieg have been beneficial to Oovemn- 
^' r«i^iit^»«adacantfori to the ccrmtnjr!. 

^"^ ThiB I am able to prove, in tke. strongest 
^ onanner. ;Maiiy gentleaiieft nho live now^^in 
** Enghmd^ and io thia coantry, would cono^' 
^^ haiUte 0iy. awattion. . . - .« F * 

r Tbaft tlie Rrv. Mr. Otridi^e baa been /of 
•^ eminent aemcae to ^Cudddareu. every gaollo* 
** Dian^ vrho was at Cuddalore, at &e ^ime wken 
^ 4ha w«r Imke .'ont^. kooara. He was tha' in- 
'' ttrameift in the haads of. Providanoe, by which 
^47iidd«)y9rewMJUivfdifirom.9ltffti^ * 

"^'flhad. ' ; - '. ^ 

f' He saved JEoany gendemea &om bacoaskig 
^^ prisoners to I|yder>. irbk^JLiOrdilViMaiBtnef '' 
'^ 4(iadl)r acknowledged. i . r «> * 

/' When N^gapatoain^ 4bat lick and >pqiuiaa '' 
*^ ffit|,;fdl)intatUe.dM|i^pi(>varty, byiiha/WUh ■' 
" i^vc|i44]|l<f« ooAseqiamcas of iwar^ :1Mb'. .Geridk^ * 
'< behaved like a father to the diftnpiiMd peofria ^ 
^^ of t)i^li,city^ He|prgaiklh»the..biid 9 fajniJy 

/' tp jjjp^a for* Haiiy impoyerifbi^d ftmiHw "* 

Dd ^ 



months 'tkgo; preadi«d'atti adnttnirtered tfae 
*' Sacrament in that place, I aaw iMUiy, -who 
" oiretf theih, ftttd th«5f chiMr«n'«'liWiH> hi* 

" disinWested «rwf: Shirit *^ ■*y'*»*^ 
" cddd-bot be called: a dagtace to «hBtr pl*«e. 
"When the Honourable Society tttdefed bwrto 
" attfend the congregation at Madris, i^rkiMnAed 
" his depattore. And at Biadbas, he 4» eitteBied 
" by the GoYeimw, ahd many other-g«rtIftM«n> 

'* to this day. . 

<' It is 8 most disagrwable tasktd apeak of oi»e'» 
'' sdf. However, I hope that thie Honomabte 
f Society wiD not look upon some obaerfatiofc*, 

* which I am to make, as a vain and mnfii! 
*' boattiag, but lytther sEs «i necessary t^tie* 
" fence: Neither the IMRssi/tnaries, nor many of 
"the Chrirtiatis, taweiort the w^fiae of ti» 

• country. 

'. ** In the iWie of war, the fort of TNinjore was 
" in a distressed condition. A powerful enemy 
** was near ; fte people in ti»c fort nuraeroro ; 
«* and not provision even foar th« garrison. There 
was grain enough in the country, hot We had 
no buBofeks to Bring it into the fort. When 
Ihfe cotmtry peoplfe formerly brdulght prfdy 
into the fort, the rapacious Dubasfaes de|>rived 
" thenv of thfeir due pay. Hence, all confiduce 
" was lost ; so that the inhabitants it&tt ierwf 
thfeir catde, refasing to assist fee fort ^1» 








late Bi^ MdMed^ WjT ii»t< ^«:Bmi^^ 

byiiMnianBgetfi^ to*o»pie,wd heji^ Uf(L.bitti.fLib 

WM in. vain* 

'f At kttt»: the liiyi^h)Sa^,to one of .our fiCKifi* 
ptligeoA&meH : We all, yau: 4^«^ I^Mtm Ifist* 
our: credit; Ut'n^trjf whfitk^P th^ inh^bUfi^ts^ 
^ mU trwtJkfK JStnartz. Acicor^fn^ly^ h^il^t» 
? jiH^^9, blM^ f^Qv, empowering not to mfiHft ^ 
- Pt9]^^ agiefei^iiiiU. with the people, B^x^ W&» 
U^ tjioe; for besit^ioB. Tbe^ $^«iftay« £e^ dpwi» 
M dead people^ beh;^ emaciated, with hwi^iv 
f)fin^ee]iM,v^cv€ lin^ with dea4 Qi>rgse8 evdf]^ 
iliiCVmiQg^ Oiui; coQj^tioa wa^ d^lorajb^ , I 
waJ^ tiiepeli^flp^ IfUe^, e^r^, wj^ei^i uoup* 
abpntj^ prqmisinj; t9 p^y* a?^ ojift, wit^ j»x ^^» 
hand» ; ^ ta pKjr them fof wy \»yfisk X>^cb 
qught tKt <a^* .l>y tb* ^Msay ^ fc4 one. or tw<i 
days, I got aboye ^ th«H9»9d bidls^Hi^ and; sent 
OBQ of our citecbi£0t|^ wA other Christiftns into 
the country^ They wwt at the riak of their 
]biw, ma^ ajiji, po^ble iMte, and biv^^ht into 
the fourt, in a very fib»t$ time, 8O,Q0Q kaiam9> 
Bji thia m«3tfis the forit w^ Slaved.. When ail 
waaover, I paid thepeople^ (eyen wkh «Qme 
iBAPiey which beloi^god to oih<^) made them a 
^*' small pmoni^ wd. aent them hoi^e^ 
; '^ The next, yisar, whe^ Col. ftraith^v^t; with 
f^ bia whole, detachment was taken prj$or)er, Ma^ 
f' jcff Ailcock commanded thi^ iqxt, and I^bai'e4 
f* Tcry kindly to (he poor stawing pciop]^ W* 


• • • 









were then^ the seconid tinie^ in the same miser* 
f* able condition. The enemy always invaded the 
'' country^ when the harvest waA nigh at hand. 
f I was again desired to try my former expedi- 

ent^ and succeeded. HThe people knew that 

■ « « - • 

they were not to be deprived of their pay : 

« _ 

'' they therefore came with their cattle. But 
now the danger was greater^ as the enemy was 
very near; The Christians conducted the in- 
habitants to proper places^ surely with no small 

• • • 

danger of losing their lives Accordingly they 
wepl^ and went^ and supplied the fort with 
grain. When the inhabllants were paid, I 
strictly enquired whether any of the Christians 
had taken from them a present. They all said 
no, no; as we were so regularly paid, we 

^ offered to your catechist a cloth of small value^ 

** but he absolutely refused it. 

'' But Mr. M. CampbeU says, that the Chris- 
tians are profligate to a proverb. 

It Mr, M. Campbell was near me, I would 
explain to him, who are the profligate people 
who drain the country. When a Dtibash, in 
the space of ten or fifteen years^ scrapes to- 

^ geth6r two, three, or four lacks of pagodas, is 

'^ not this extortion a high degree of profligacy ? 

Nay^ Government was obliged to send an 

order^ that three of those Gentoo Dubashc^ 

should quit the Tanjore country. The enor- 

^J mous criipes committed by thepii filled th^ 









>'sn . jt. . ^ . i- 


9 • * * 

'^ country with cdinplaints; but I h^iye no mind 
'' to enumerate thenii 

'^ It is asserted, that "^Che inhabitants of the 

,,• .. ■»» - * «-«. ' 

- ' • • • »• . 

'' country would suffer by Missionaries, 

'' If the Missionaries are sincere Christians, it 
i/s impossible that the inhabitants should suffdr' 
any damage by them : if they are npt what 
they profess to be, they ought to be dismissed 

When Sir Archibald Campbell was Govemoiv 
and.Mr. M. Campbell his private Secretary, .the 
inhabitants of the Tai\|ore country "vyere. so 
miserably oppressed by the manager, and the 
Madras Dubashes, that they quitted the coiiq^* 
try. Of couirse^ all cultivation ceased. In the 
month of June, the cultivation should com,* 
mence, but nothing was done, even at the ber 
ginning of September. Every one drea4^ 
the calamity of a famine. I intreated the Ra* 
jah to remove that shameful oppression, and to 
^' recall the inhabitants. He sent them word 
that justice should be done to them, but they 
disbelieved his promises. He then desired tm 
to write to them, and to assure them, that he, 
at my intercession, would shew kindness to 
them. I did so. All immediately returned; 
^' and first of all, the Kaller, (or as they are com* 
^^ monly called^ Collaiies) believed my word, so 
*^ that 7000 men came back on one day. The 
'^ other inhabitants followed their example. 
'^ When I exhorted them to exert themselves to 













*' 'Ibe 0tiitost/^T>M*me the tinfe for tAttmdcn 
vras almost lost, they replied in the foUoning 
^ttfiner : ^ 'As you have shewed kindness' to ns^ 
you shall n®t have reason to repent of it ; * we 
iiiftefifd to >vork night and day^ to shew ovr 
regtrd for you/ 
^' Sir Arch. Campbell was happy when he 
'' heard it ; and we had the satisfaction of liaVin«^ 
a better crcip than the precedmg- year. 

As there was hardly any administration of 
justice^ L begged and entreated the Rajah to 
eJEftftblish jttstiee in bis country. ' Well/ said 
he, ' let me kndw wherein my people are op- 
pressed/ I did so. He immediately consented 
to my ptoposal/ and told his manager^ that be 
should fe^l bis indignation, if the oppression 
did not cease immediately. Btit as be soon 
died, he did not see the execution. 
'' When the present? Rajah began his ragn, I 
put Sir Arch. Campbell in mind of that neces- 
sary point. He desired me to make a phn ht, 
** a court of justice, which I did ; but it^was soon 
negle<<ted by the servants of the* Rajah, whQ 
commonly sold justice to the best bidder. 

When the Honourable Qempaay took poi** 
session of the country, during the war, the pha^ 
for introducing justice was re^^assHmed ; . by 
'' which, many people were made iiappy. ' But 
•* when the Country was restored to the Rajal^ 
'««^he former irregularities toofcplace»>- 

ft 'I 










V. During the assuTnption> Govenfment desired 
*' me to assist thp gentlemen collectors. The 
^ district towards the west of Tanjore had been 
'^ very much neglected, so thai the water courses 
'' had not been cleansed for the last fifteen years. 

I proposed that the collector should advance 

500 pagodas to cleanse those water courses. 

The gentleman consented, if I would inspect 
^ the business. The work was begun and finished^ 

being inspected by Christians. All that part 

of the country rejoiced in getting 100,000 col* 
'^ luros 0U)re than before. The inhabitants con* 
^' fessed, that instead of one coUum^ they now 

reaped four. 

No inhabitant has suffered by Christians^ 

none has complained of it. On the contrary; 
*' one of the richest inhabitants said to me^ ^ Sir, 
*' if you send a person to us, send us one who 
" has learned all your Ten Commandments/ 
*^ For he, and many hundred inhabitants had 
^' been present, when I explained the Christian 
^ Doctrine to Heathens and Christians. 

*' The inhabitants dread the conduct of a 
*' Madras Dubash. These people lend money 
^^ to the Rajah, at an exorbitant interest, and 
*' then are permitted to collect their money and 
'^ interest, in an appointed district. It is need^ 
f less to mention die consequences. 

*^ When the CoOaries committed ^reat out* 
f! rages^ in their plundering expeditions^ Seapoya 







^aot/. Cl^ineniment4deired.m^iti>ifiquicednto 
tbft^thievj&h hmvMSB. n I.therefioira ^BBtlsttem 
toJ^iahead'Oolkriea^i. Tfaeyji^iwaicd. < We 
found out, in some degree, biw iiinobjtfae>Tan« 
'' jiore and Tondamans^ Mdth««M^abob'«iC]bUarie8 
Jbad. iftolen ; and ive insisted upon Fcstoration, 
which ysM done acconUnglyj / M Imtx^^xe 
it in writing, that they would steal no more. 
This proEUse they kept very well -for eight 
months, and then they began their old w<ak ; 
however, not as before. Had that inspeetioii 
over their conduct been continued^ they might 
" have been made useful people, i insisteil 
upon cultivating their fields^ which they really 
<' did. But if Uie demands became exorbitant, 
they have no resource, as they tifvak, but that 
of plundering. 

At last some of the thievish Collaries desired 
*^ to be instructed. I said^ ' I am obliged to in- 
*' struct you ; but I am afraid that you will be- 
'' come very bad Christians.' Their promises 
*^ were fair. I instructed them» and when they 
.had a tolerable knowledgej I baptized then. 
.JHaving bf^ptized them^ I exhorted them to 
steal no more^ but to. work industriously. After 
^: thiat^ I.;yi$ited them^ and having examined their 
kniswledge,:! ^doaioed^to see .their work. I dh 
served^ with pleasure^' iimtAm 6elda were ex* 
cellently cultivated. ' Now^ said I^ one thing; 




/' ;but«.<r6adi)y/:ai^ii4*^^ttiS'ie^lB by 

'f' • milttaiy foro6«' which otherwifie id ttieir evrtDm. 
/''^SooQ flfitof t^aV 1 ibund tl&t they had fiaid off 

r ^ The iOiy iUMnphmt against those Cb3it(i^n 
^^ .Gollarics f wa% that they refiisedto go vgtm 
pIUQdesin^expecUtionfl) as tboy had done be* 
•5^.fore. . : ^ ' • ... 

^ '' Now lam well aware^ that some will accuse 
'/ me x)f luiving boarted. I confess the diarge 
'/ wittingly, but lay all the blame upon those 
" who have constrained me to commit that 


I might have enlarged my account^ bat fear-- 

ing that some clmracters would have saffisred 
by it, I stop here. 

One thing, however, I affirm, before God 

and man, that if Christianity, in it's plain and 

undisguised form, was properly promoted, the 

'' country would not suffer, but be benefited by 

'^ If Christians were employed in some impor-* 
tant offices, they should, if they misbehaved, be 
doubly pwished ; but to r^ct them intirely^ 
is not rig^t,.and diseourigeth. 

The glorious God, and our Messedftedeeitfer^ 
has commanded bis Apostles, to preach the 
Gospel to all natsoas^ '. 









<' ^l%e kMvfis^ tS God^-df Itti^dhfuie per* 
^ fectidM^ and of hk mercy to naakind, imj be 
'^ almaed ; b«t 4bere is no other method of re* 
obMViBg mankttd^ than by iiiitractiii|^ them 
well. To hope that the Heathens will live a 
good fife, without the-knowledge of God, is a 

^^ The pniie bestowed on the heathens of thn 
country, by many of bur historians, is refuted 
%y a close (I might abnost say, superficial) in- 
^pection of didr lives. Many historical woib 
are mere fike a romance than history. Many 
gentlemen here are astonished him some hich 
^ torians have prostituted their talents, by writing 
'' fables. 

I -am now at the brink^of eternity ; but to 
this moment I declare, that I do not repent of 
faaving^ spent forty-three years in the service of 
my Divine Master. Who knows but God may 
remove some of the^great obstacles to the pro- 
pagation of the ^jiospel. Should a reformation 
take place amongst the Europeans, it would 
no donbt be* Che greatest Messmg to the 
*' country. 

^' Tlmie' observations I beg leave to^tay bie- 
'' fore the HonouraUe- Society, with my humble 
'''thanks for all their lienefits bestonved'on this 
woik, and shicere. wishes tiiat their pious and 
generous endeavoun to dissemitote (he fctiow« 

g< . 




" 'fieM td'Mfcnytlkhiifiirdr. 

' '^ Iain, siticerely, 

" Rev. and dear Sir- 

' xj ' -^ y»ur fLfiEectionatebrothcr^ 

'^ And bumble Skvvant» 

•^ /• « • 

The ^cfebunt for 1795 states that ''Mr, 
^' Ciauduis Buchanan^ who is now gding out to 
" Bengal, promises much friendly attention to 
*' the concerns of the Calcutta Mission. Mr. 
*' Swartz^ at Tanjore, observes that cotitem- 
*' plating the circumstances of the Missionaries^^ 
*' he could not but feel much sorrow. One at 
*^ Tranquebat, Mr. KoBnig, had lately died, Mr. 
'' John had been ill, and Mr. Pohle likewise was 
" ailing : we- entreat God, Mr. Swartz observes^ 
*^ to -send new labourers into his vineyard." 

"The Rev. Mr. Pohle states from Tirutchi- 
napally, that on the 8th of Jan. 1794, he set 
*' out for Namcul, in the Baramaul country^ 
^* tkrhete no Prbtestattt Missionary had been 
^''before. ''Havingarrivedat that place, he con^ 
**' tititied thtt^ with a worthy 'friend, theT then 
^^ commanding dfficer, -^utitilthe^list of the 
••^'mdttth. Hdhad preached daily to the natives, 
"^ and^^isfted the villages round, and had bad 



" the Mtii^cfion of beiftg heard with joy and 
^ amazement. - 

From Tranqnebar the Danish Missionariea 
write^ -that ^' the number of their Mi«ionaries 
^' had been reduced to two twice in the course 
of tite year: Their worthy brother, Mr- 
Kcftuig', after repeated journeys and indispo- 
sitHms^ departed this life, on the 4th of the 
*'. precedmg January, in the 53d year of Iiis 
age, and the 27th of his charge of the Por- 
tuguese congregation. Mr. John, likewise, 
'^ hikl been indisposed. In the course of the 
'' year, 131 had been added to their fiock; of 
^* w4iom 15 were Heathens; two Malays, one 
•* coavert from Popwry, and 114 born of 
Christian parents : \^ had (^parted this life ; 
23 couple had been married, and 993 had re- 
ceived the Lord's Supper. In the Malabar 
school 46 boys, and 30 girls had been main- 
tained ; and in the Portuguese, 18 boys, and 
21 girls. In the printing press, the Old Tes- 
^' lament was nearly finished, and some small 
^' treatises had been published." 

The Rev. Mr. Ubele had announced, from the 
Bev. Dr. Schultz^ that there are three students 
in theology^ preparing at Halle, in Germkny, 
for (he Mission; one for the Cakutta stotion, 
tb<^ other two for the coast ^^ The Society^ 
<^ tddng into considemtion t|te iabors and wants 
f^ of tfebe pious and worthy Missionaries, and in 




% testimoity t)f their regard for them hft^t voted 
*' a gratuity of ,£50 to each of them, in lieu » of 
•^ the former gratuity of ,£10, and in addition to 
** the salary of <f 50, and the secretary has been 
^^ commiBsioned to intimate to all the Mis- 
sionaries that such gratuity will be continued 
as long as the Society shall continue to be 
" satisfied with the conduct of the Missionaries, 
"^^ and it shall please God to enable the Society 
f' to furnish it" 



In the account for 1796, the Rev. Mr. Psezold, 
in a letter from Vepery, mentions, that *' in a 
^' journey io Tanjore, in company with the Rev: 
Mr« SwartK, he had had the opportunity, at 
Tripalore of being present at a conlerence be* 
tween that* excellent Missionary and about ^ 
Bramins, to whom he expound^ the Christiaii 
doctrine^ pointing out its great pre-eminence 
^' to their heathenism and id^rtatry. Their gene- 
ral reply to him was— ^ery true, your doctrine, 
your religion, your instruction, is a pleasing 
*' thing, but it is inconsistent ' with : flesh and 
^^ blood, it is rep)ignant to our cirimal affections, 
it strikes at the natural prop^mrfity td^morift 
evil, ^ to y^qr^Xy ]j/^e8mxs^ 
replied, we ^o ^ not »&^ .jmir Christfaitvptopl^ 
live, conformably:. to wJmti ihey teMte;: Tl^ 
Oiristiaas. appeal} tpjhfh^P^mg^ quite cpntaaft^': 
they curse, tbej^we»r/'ih.ey;jget jdrunk; ith^y 
f^ commit whoredom and adqltery ; they steal. 






y», tbey falmybcnie, a]i4 «ui up09 nntteia of 
religion, and (rfleninaic^ i^iinogk q£ IhMt^.iiFbo 
furpfidss to be religious 4. ia ebort^ they mH, yoB 
'^ Christiana often demean yonrsekesaaikMidlji if 
neft ^rarse tiiao ire .Heatbema. .NoW'.figay^ 
they added^ . of, what benefit andatdvanta^a ia 
all yow inalnialiQD. and.reiiiainaindatniij of 
C3irigt?g jeligiii^ ii itdoeanflk vefiurai tht^et 
of yoar own pei^le ? Gould. not .yoa. finban- 
^' dsavoor to convert, year. Chiistiaiis^' e'er yoa 
aMampt to proieljirle fiagaoaf ' IVfe. SumrteBe- 
plied la AeaauaaffcMiitrelyMtionaxritt so omicII 
proyraety* andwitb m wondevfiil a»iiBtaq>^ 
dityaadaaeigyv that the BraaMnamaaiiaBWDly 
niclat ba^ of % truth yoU' ate an baly laan, 
if aD your Quiatiaas Aauj;^ anAqpafB^'^aad 
li«ed aa yau do, wa woald/vitllKHjt deii^ un<^ 
dtfg» the dMUigfi> and baoMe Chiialknt 
^' Iftewifie. Otheraaaad, if yoa wmM &emxm 
^' ftowsidneaftand &om deaths Mtfiaiit«. he> 
^' flkatipB we wo«dd' apply oaiselvea 
'' but instead of that we see tint Ckristians 
Ufcewiso aje subject, ^ death, aa4> even' yoa 
yottsself floart die ; so.that in this r^p^et yoa 
are nei ta be prefeired to Heathens. . Ijbifyi^ 
piodaaad such tFifling obseiaatioBs ^aa tbese, 
tbeyaU'departed/' ., » ; ♦- 

Mr. .8¥MrtB> in ai lettec dailed Tnffffn, Ant 
128> 1796, gratefully mentiona«'^G^d's pi^rva* 
^' tion of his health and life, to the extent of 








^. neflrly 70 years, aad his^ a%iKty still ta g6> 
^' throi^h Im work ia Church andfchooU evea^ 
'' witbMt beiag mueh fintigued.*'' 

TheR^v. Atr ILottKiff speaka <tf his finequeott 
conveiw )viA Heathen*, '' of- whom the fiur 
^^ ^peat^'nuoiber.fipplaadtbedqctrii^ 
'' luit are anwillkig: (a suhmit* to that* fbnda 
^^ nantal pnc^> |f ^»U^ iMieinft k )a^. diB^ 

Mnd feUm me. They centibiie, thareCose^ 
'' to be what they wete before/' He mMttanit 
the havmg hai ntaeh seliflliEMttaa "" ia theOMn- 
'' fkry conAici of MMtal ipiivatesof tbe 71flt 
*" .BafisMAt, slaikmed at Taajoi>a, towboaaha 
'f tet Mv«ml times* adMiMteDed thcf Hoiy &»• 
':^ cvunaat/' Halikmri8e;niea<ione^aB affiHting 
dufeaaat^oii) k tfeia lass <# JaBiesrOadb^ im tfaa 
Campaay'aserviM^ ^' wfaorwith laiidi.yie^y anA 
^* gieat talMfeiylHLdappliaAhiaiietf la thaat«dy 
^' nf the Oenftoa* asiCb l^aaaiUaa hmgua|||M>< lata 
*' the fetoiar of whiehrhd had* b^>ani to^traaslata 
oma ports iif the Naw Te8tsa»eDt» kt'Ordais ta 
sake thesatiadp doctrines of the Gos^ kndvm 
"' to the natitesi aDoaoogst wham bt was always 
'' hasgiff to eenveisa ujpaa the subifaet of Chiist's 
f raygioB/' < 

Mr. John alattsithat '' the naw ectttion oi the 
r< Old Testameat had ktely bean fituiriied^ ia 
r <heip IMWfd^ wintvif :l)»ess»; wUebHie^ had 

X '«. 


'^ been enabled fo aceomj^fer by meims of ihe 
*' printing paper sent oxrf b^ (be Society.^ 

From Halla in Saxohy, pro fe sao r Se hri Ntt Ikvln^ 
recommended three candidates far the Mkiioo, 
'^ at the latter end of Aug^ust^ the Rev. WiBiam 
Toby Ringeltanbe^ and the Rey. Immaniid 
^ Gotfried Hokber^ arrited at London/ Ibe ex^ 
pences of tilietr passage having been dcMhiyed 
by the Society." The thkd candidate had re- 
ceived an appointment to ah eoelesiastieal station 
in Germany. 

In the month of November the tfvo candidsits 
were introdnced to the Society at a geneml 
meetings '' when th^ Were cordkdly welcomed 
** to England^ and recehred as the Society's 
7 Missionaries^ Mr. Ringeitanbe for the Chl- 
*' cutta stirtion^ and Mr. Holsberg^ to go to the 
^' coasts and there to be stationed^ where Mr. 
'' Swartz and the other local Missionaries shd 
'^ see flt. Dnrhig their stay in London^ they 
^ botb^ and particularly Mr. Ringeltaube^ maife 
^ an extraordinary proficiency in the English 
" language. In the beginning of the month of 
•* May^ the Rev. Mr. John Owen, a member of 
tfie Society, and sometime Chaplain to the 
Presidency at Bengal, at the request of the 
Board, delivered a Charge to the Missionaries, 
firom^the Chair, at a very nnmerons meeting 
of dk^ Society, witll a copy of whidi Mr. 


• * V 

4 » .♦» 


'^ TJie Rev. Mr., Owen*s Charge id the Rev. 
Messrs. Ringeltaiibe and HotzheTg. 

I «tnd bei6*to coBgmtubte j oa- on. th^ {^m^ 
y^^ Jilive'tiAMik to praniole the-Go^ri ^ ^* 
RtlleeflMr, Ui^ ipreatokjectr tht» Society hua at 
heart; YoUi my reverend brethrei^ iMU^n-r, 
jfk(i«riiii<iiie, -Ihat-aift tinfe of gmt* and ^%^ 
wmi^^ ^feet fwm the QmifiA- of ow 
AilMtdr^ i^bU''pfea0ed#hktt fay wjboin are^att 
thif^ to^OTOfeaaa tfce.i»eaM.of thui Spcie^.' 
Wie a^Bre thegooAneps of CMl j .mmI we.piir^ 
%it when the account of our fitewwd<Pl)lip ehajl ' 
ll9< reaikred; we xo»y he fouod &it^&U. * X^e 
^y|(B of wit . predecefPOFf.' p^rtfiinlgr, i<;Bl^d ^ 
^4Nr greater natahfiUnesc^.^ loore fii:ill j||id,4i- ' 
ly^f^ce ia dealing t9«eaQ)i. his pori)iQQ,pf ^n^ i 
^' in.'.duf reason. ShaU the chij||ijj^« o^ this-' 
^' y^q^A be wiser in their .gyjftetatioa^Jljyx. . the .. 
'^ chjldi;ea of light?. Shall ;.tbe tLpos^^a.^af «^^- ^ 
'' ticiap go fotf h with feoitic ^ea^) tb^ hUad 
'' leaders-of the bU^d? ShaU the iRropheta of Ja- 
fidelity ha. organized und^^tbl^ ^fi^K^R^ thei 
4daikae8s of U»» vfpM, ta proyj^bepy^/ief^ita? • 
Siirejy not mojiW^^kkk-^^&fV^yj^^^^ 
spirit of him who hath overcome the world, 
and whgfis strength is made perfect in th€ 

- se 












'r welilnieto of his instraflfientSi We kiRmr in 
'.t.^hopi we keve bdieved: he will vm Acate hb 
^r ways* t^ Mian; and if these, my bretiiMft^ were 
;¥:«lent>: the very stones should cry out. 
\s-^*:Trhe influence of irreligion/ in our timesi, 
^ has' attracted every man's notice. We have 
ff. seen many amon^ our neigiibeuirs not content 
^ to ieny the Lofd that bon^ them^ but per- 
I*- SeCQting with iiiry aH who confess his mAie. 
'f 9ome have affected to decry suoh vMence ; aO 
i^ reli^ons/ said they^ are the same ; leave men 
f^ to^ their prejudice or eajprice. Likt Tiberius, 
^? they thoikght that the niame of* Chriit mig^ht 
^^be admitted in the same list with their im|rare 
Zt or murderous demigods*^ and he eefacved in 
if the midst of hymns to the Goddess ileason> or 
^' Kature. 

.. f* Such is the influence t)f fashion, that no 

f* Miall dumber will foflow H, as impliedly in 

;/^ their creed as in their dre^. It is notfliere^ 

/' %st strange ^at many seek to pervert men 

V firorfi difetrtlth. With thfese reformers, all is to 

.It be -done by the wisdom of their political institu- 

*^ itOn^. Vi ti^ne ask what is to supply those 

** morals, Wbdee necessity cart never pass away ? 

' ^* We Shan be tdW, perhaps, the love of jvur 

'*' cbiintry. And What is to be the measure of the 

. *' Ibfe of your t?6unlry P Obedience to its hnvs. 

f Shoidd it be asked by what you are bound to 




^ okjrthe tavvft «fyoiir eeiintry ? it wiH be jtnay 
'' ailMi>ered^ by ycmr itiiertfit. But tbts tnCtrei^ 
'^ M a cftteen, i$ coneerMd only hi those eases 
^ 6i which the law takes cogniflanc^ And tjkefi 
*^ ooly to the <!xteiit of its sftnetieM* 'Tis tnie^ 
'^ as a tnembef of society^ yon may siiSer by t 
^ bad name^ where the law will not reach 
yot^; bttt^ as a discreet maa^ and 0M 
ngardtng your interest^ what is to fcee^p yoa 
fram ^^eret pleasure or gain^ where the sane* 
tionsiof a judgment to come are left oat? WiM 
il be said you are not sure of keeping tha 
*' ^fence eecret ? We are sure qf iillle ; bat tha 
'' wise act on probabilities. It is yoar business^ 
'' therefore^ to oooipare the g eoeial iateresl yo« 
'' have in kecking the kw, mth the paitictflar 
^' benefit yott may derive from secretly brdhking 
it« The duty of men on every eynem, wiM 
ultimately eoindde with their iatifrest ; atld ill 
'' this case the inteirest follows Xhk tocreey. You 
*' have not therefore fa enquire he^ you oaay bH 
'^ just or purri ; but how yoU may be iecr et^ 
^f when you are otherwise, it is not a ^^asticrtl 

<< * It iduflt be schnovrledgtd ihi laws tad dunmsrk of 
«< society find a powerful 8aDctio& io i6faii|^ wherot^r it wilt 
** apply* But how many ofiPences will the coir^pAion of maa 
'^ spare, or censure only with a laugh ? What icfsAmy do ihe 
'< leaders of a faction experience for the most enormous 
•* crimes th2tt farther its interests? "they hear n^tftii% but 
'* applause fron^ their uwh party, Md if then: op{»oaMS ^x<^ 
V crate Ihdfii, 'tis ascribed to eaiiy or auiUc^'* 




^ oftiWraK but bf" chances; rfnd, like all strcfif 
*l r[a^stion<Jy mviki bd deteitnined' by probability, 
t .'* *Tis a miserable systcin^ that prfOposcs no- 
*f t^Miifi^ belter Ibr the morals and hsq^piness of 
^'- mankind than ciril sanctions. In many cases, 
' they aref not appiicabic, and where they arc 
applicable^ secrecy eludea them^ force shall 
"^ bear them down^ and - ptrty spirit laiig^h 
* alt tiiem. At best^ tliey 'take co^zance only 
^^ of the outward act, bat the comiption of 
^' man can be effectually combated only in bis 
^ thoughts ; while he is musing the fire kindles. 
^ ProHi within proceed thefts, adulteries, mur- 
^»' der8. The feligiort we seek to promote, de- 
*^ -dares those blessed that are pure of hearfJ 
^*^' Ks satictbas extend to^ the most secret purposes 
^ and- wishes, and its Author holds forth the o«iIy 
^ effectual instrument to reform mankind, in 
V cleansing the thoughts of oup heart, by the in* 
spiration of liis Holy Spirit. Make the tre6 
good, and the fruit shall be good also^ 

it is then our office to proclaim the first and 
great commaadraent, Tliou shall love the Lord 
thy God with all thy heart. This we can en- 
force, by the sublime topics of the Gospel,— 
by all the hopes, and all the terrors of a world 
to come. ' If any man will do bis will, he 
^' shaH know of the doctrine whether it be of 
God ;' and he only who kupvvs, has any ade* 
quate motive to love his nei^libour as himselP. 
" The deep> strong interest of a world to eeraii 


/ it 




can bind to this, while all tlie systems tf phi- 
losophers with all their codes, moral, or po- 
litic^ past or .present, are both, in ric^ht an>S 
feet, no mare to^ the impetuous mind of. man; 
than the green withea cf the Philistines \vcr^> 
to Sampson* "^ 

The great truths of tlic Gospel are adapted 
to the anxiety and necessities of man. If «onYe 
should say 1 am rirh and in need of nothHigv 
there are many who know enough of 4bem* 
^' selves to hear the word gladly. In the mouth 
of him who feels it, ' tlie word of God is<]uick 
and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged 
'^ fiword, piercing even to the dividing asunder 
'' of soul and spirit, and is a discemer of the 
'^ jthoughts and, intents of the heart/ Tbi9 is 
/^ known so well hy many who affect to call 
^Vthemsdves unbelievers, that they seek their 
*^ quiet by keeping beyond the reach of its 
^' s6und. 

you, my reverend brethren, are entering oi> 
ft primitive and sublime oflice, but such as rer 
f'^ quires great zeaJ, a firm and resolute- mind^ 
^^ with much patience. We ardently wish yott 
good luck in the name of the Lord. * The 
harvest truly is great, but the labourers ar© 
*' few/ As Englishmen, persuaded of the iur 
^' pstimabte l^enefits of th^ Gospel,. w6 cannot 
^ but be anxious that you should labor in that 
^* p^rt of the great field^ with which our natiqq 

^tliMntfltad. Thtek Ml Ouit the iroMitanmt 
^ eMTciM by SnglialiiBtt^ in ^ ogwAtriM to 
^ which you go, is siirh w eitl|er ia tnf th ot m 
^ ttpi*jk)ft wm diicMdit your (affiotte. FtDoo ttivr 
^' JU taqiiiry) I am pjinuicM that ia tiia BMga| 
^ provinces^ Hindoos of every dekoripMMr, A^m 
^ t)M brattin to th4^ ptetant, think highly of the 
^ justice of our Gov^miiiefit^. Tliey desifsr to 
^ apcuanillite money, and to oMreise tbair wor- 
^^' ibvp in qniet. lEMk itas extrataely prMMiooB 
^' under their Mahoaiedan rulers^ and they are 
^ SQcur^in each under Ehgli^men. Nor' is' the 
*^ leputaiion of our justice confined to iht "pro- 
*' vinccs we immediately ^vem, it 16' knowii 

^ * No article of luxury or necessity is taxed in the ten* 
«• gal proTinceft. Bxcept a few poet duties of aamV amoonti 
^ lite public ictMiufr tftes flrott % teMrved poiti<a «0 the 
^ rents of l«idt- A.4»w^y«WiVo, ft9i»apavfi|g«fl^i«paj 
^ jTMuiy payments, the Company fixed their dei]|i|i»^ at a 
^ certain mean^ which thay bound themselyes in peip^^t^ 
^ net to exceed^ although the farmerb sell the produce of 
^ their landfi through channels opened by British tnerehanti, 
^ it a prie^ that haa beelk gradually ttdraiaeSi!^ nsavne 
# «Bt in. a|t EagMthmdh^er t4yv«|ida ik MmMI^ WMW be 

^ Ipiow their (ov^nmei)^ ain^it at giving thai^ Mbil^, p 41 
** kindfi of property which was heretofore iiplmoii^ ataon^ 
^ theoL Among the bendMi they ensjoy frMi cur {own- 
»' Mtai, auiy b# itokMied (ila^geMlNd palee wh Mi tidtog 






Jt is trw .o^r g? ^ej^l h^fdl^speew of <bjRi?^i^» 

^^l^se wbo tluak na^npb of f^ir^n^^nies jaji^ ^*^^ 
ward w«r3hip ; bu.t jvJliep., U^ejf cqmpw;e. tji^ 
mojwJSs of a li^ge p*rt of oi^: couutrj:m^ mtli, 
their Qwp^ , particularly ofx tbe side gf y^r^j^^tji, 
'« and hioiie&ty ii^ our dealings, tbey h^y^ pq^ 
** grquud to deep»? o»r rel^ioji. Tlj^rp ^r^ 
*' exception, ia the chwtcter of wojr^Wew. %^ 
^r veBturers, which ^ they Vnm how tQ p^J^ i 
<' and iii^heA they hav? aaade theio, yo^i wjJl di^ily 
^' see them reposing their fortunea wit)j English- 
^' me^i in #uch. ways, as th^y will teU you they 
^' d^rf^ apt with persons of their own coo^plexion^ 
V . '' Sonoe/iwithout, haveaajted— to \vhajt pftr^os^ 
^' aire yoi^ amdiog J^Jisi^o&aiifs ? Wli^ BfPW^^^^ 
^' have yf u of sjacoesa, qt s^vhatliiiii^eftt wfSMuUkfe« 
<' suU from yoiir raccess ^ It loajr h^ ^m^w^^dy 

. «^ «: Vkea tili^ fisga rf Dwvap (a ilroi« fbtHfrnt^tif^ 
^ JW<1»} ^ e^^hi^B^ ^ gvciaop,: $hey ^^ .to, 9^ll* 

.<< Ijsh deti|chn\Rnt that is with you p^fQte$ thj^.^j^flifi 

.« we will die en the walls* The §ame Uun^s^ b^P^^ s^ 

:«« Simoga, wbece '^ippob's subjects i|iajste4 on cA^id^ng 

«• iritli ^ unAll Bonbay detaotaeat tjfiat aiMuiaAv Aa 

^^ UAmm^ aiW- ^^>^ ^9«» ^^^'^i^ct ^« .<^y. iimarfw . 
« Such situations afford a 0Qre lei^ of their f^piajoa 4)f oar 
«^ national ehvaoter/* 


^ the recordi of this Society^ and of ihe Danish 
^\ Mission on the ccfiast of Coromandel^ siifBcientiy 
'^ evidence that thf^re is a prospect of sucsess. It 
^' has been asserted, thftt none l>ut base persons 
^' have ever professed themselves converts, Yoa 
'^ have seeii this slander refuted^ in a letter from 
** the Reverend ]Vf r. Swartz *, whose praise in 
^^ the Gospel is indeed great, The conversations 
f' that have passed between the Missionaries and 
*' Bramins^ or other persons of religions order^ of 
which we have had frequent sketches^ evidence 
no insuperable obstacles to their conversion. 
f' They have indeed traditions from their fathers ; 
f' and all nations, in any degree civilized, have 
had their religion and traditions. Yet in mo« 
dern attempts, uncivilized people^ with few 
rdigious ceremonies^ have appeared most diffi- 
" cuk to convert. Witness various efforts among 
^ the North American and Peruvian Indians f, 
^ You have some ground with those^ who acr 
^' knowledge the utility of divine worship ; and 
vben you are to combat idolatry aad supersti- 
taoQ^ you have^ in the common reason of man^ 
^ a powerful instrument to convict them of error. 
When you hayCj, upon acknowledged ground^ 
(;l;iewn t}^emtha|; they are W^on^^ ypi( will have 
Im. ^c^lty in, shewing, theni . that you are 

if ligblf In iH^opoitioa. to their acuteness an^ 


j[ « See page 396.'^ « -J S^ Vlk>^'\ 






■ . ■ .... 

**^ aoMity to argiie^ win be y6ur advatifege. Their 

'.^'sacred books afford many sublime truths, which 

'^' setve to convict them 'from their own mouth, 

'^'^ And what de/ence can be made of a rabble of 

• ^ licentious deities^ with wbose scandalous pranks 

*/ their favorite legends abound ? You will not 

^' find th^t with the Bramin^ Christ crucified, 

r' that stumbling-blQck of human pride, isfoolish- 

f* ness, They do not absti'actedly object to the 

*^ doctrine of the incarnation, or the atonement; 

f^ and such is the simplicity and perfection of the 

*^ moral doctrines, of the Gospel^ that neither 

f^ Jew nor Gentile has ever objected to them. It 

^*" is worthy pf remark, that of the various pcr- 

^^ sons who attract the notice of the Hindoo by 

'*"thei^high religious profession, they are TOost 

^ venerated, virhose opinions and pmctfiee recede 

^' most from the common idolatry. 

I speak not of the Mahomedans; they form 
a small part of th^ inhabitants of India ; but 
^' from recent transactions in Arabia and Persia, 
'^' it should appear that the eastern followers dP 
*' Mahomet are open to novel opinions in religion. 
'^* The empire of the Seiks, won from the did re- 
'^^ %ii)ii$ of the country, is sufficient evidence 
f^ tbat'men may change on those points. Some 
/i^ offittjps, who tetdly travelled on the Malabar 
^ oiMwt, told me they met with ^titire viNages of 
^' peojple who called themselves Christians ; they 







were indeed in total d^r^ness^ but it is clear 
ttveir ancestors had been induced by the For* 
tugueze to desert paganism. The Missionaries 
on the coast have often found an obstacle in 
the fear of their converts, lest through con- 
nivtoce of their relations and people in power, 
the change of religion should be made the pre- 
text for plundering them. Why do you not 
convert our Rajah or Zemii:idar? have they 
said to Mr. Swartz ; we would then willingly 

fallow you« 

" No part of this difficulty would exist in the 
provinces we immediately govern, where, 
though no man would be rewarded for his 
diange of religion, every man is protected *. — 

<< * A lew je»T& ag9 a kttcr subscribed by four or fi?e 
*^ diigynsn resident ii| Bengsl was presented ta the Gar 
« TeniiDeDt) proposing the estal^ifihment of free-schaob for 
** teaching the English language to the natiyes* and with it 
** the first princii^es of the Christian religion. The Hin- 
*' dods are extremely desirotis to learn the Englisli language 
^ for the purpaees of business^ They were to be iofemedy 
^ that iik the progroK of teaching them our language, we 
f' wkhed to give them some notion of our religion. Thef 
^ know that with £ng^shnlen they have nothing to fea^r 
^ from wrong-headed zeal. They who wished for the lan« 
<< guage only, might know w^t our religion is wkhmit rt- 
^ ceivingit. The difficoity of obtaining discreet and Indus- 
^ tiious young men, who would <9udf% dbamsdiai fiir 4^ 
** oaaduQt of auch acfaools^ » lail^ed grest. 

<* The use of the English, language in Bengtfx and tMa 
^ conversion of able Hindoos who might preach to ti^ 


^' over ttNp tmvnJMwQ of tlie Scviptnitt ymi^ the 

SliH^ i( is ml^ed^ ifirh^l beieftt vPMJd iMteiMl 
your »iOf:«w f we not the iDdimu a pMpb of 
''« goodrnmnk, larith xixm hwapVwfc soptf rmiwuig ? 
^' it id nosweved, thftir wtials am jmI 9mA; net- 
thtrr are tiieir sttpenlitioM kftmijMt. JiiJMbtry 
hu nemr y^t produe^A good, nor^ The 
^' lictntiow admnturea of their g<oids> me> no 
^' great inciteneotto to. pm% in thi^ vowkiiHV^ 
'' The etfect of this 'n. se«o 19 Tariou* appeiidi|geB 
'^ of their religion, A set of liceMed sai^ft^ 
'^ zans, at once the instruments of their lust and 
^', la^Y^rice, are the attend9.nt§ of the southern Bra- 
^' loioSf wbem (ibey take a,Q idol in prpce^sion^., I 
^' haye olwen^ed on. ^ose wooden teiap)^. «• 
^^ If hick «he peopfe fumiftaHy hftmeas th(waolwca^ 
such scenes depicted as I dare not nenli^n; 
an.d jet it is beneath the wheels of this ponder- 
ous m^si^ that each year some infatiiattcd per^ 
'^ sons seek destructiou. 

<f biedmft.]0 Iheir qwa Wi^ga^ piay tie rookoo^ bwmnlgr 
^< apMkM§» ^oMBg^ As g«e«^ uisuvinealvi. of liinuKg. tiiiB 
#^ people ftmn kUalry. To Ihflsey ptthnpiy wo »nr oMtho 
4A edi9c#tkn ^ somoSngiiah boys ja die. Sepfd te^foogo^ 
the eye of religiouf ponvti* V 





** Where shall we Ibok for the marab of this 
people? among their ftamiM? They wh6 
^' officiate at the great Pagodas are licentidus^ 
'' and eager for gain to an incredible extent*. 
'' The unbounded superstition of the people pro* 
*[ teets them in their vices. In this respect, it 
^' would be difficult to say, whether their priest* 
*^ oraft has been mcNPe fiital. to: themselves^ or to 
'^ their foHowen. WiH you seek for morals 
'' among Uieir myriads of Faldrs and travelling 
'^ saints? It is common to see oqc of these ex< 
^' torting money from the reluctant manu&ctttrer 
^' by a tonrent of obscenity in which he insults 
^' him, and the threat of curses which no Hmdoo 
*' wilHncur, 

'< * The officers who led back the Bengal troops by J«« 
<' gemaut at the dose of the last war, indulged the Hiodoof 
'' in thetr earoeBt desire of visiting this celebnUed place of 
■* worship, the resort of men from the extremities of India. 
*^ On their approach to the temple, they passed by an en* 
*' clqsure wliite with the bones of wretched pilgrims, whp 
f< exhausted with fatigue and poverty, had died under the 
'^ delays and extortions of the Bramins. The, si^ht occd* 
<f sioned a shout of indignation. 

. ** Z3ie Bkoden of .extortion used at Gaiah, a place of 
^< linnous resort within our proyinces, are extremely wfaini- 
<< sical. Among others, they will t^nd rich persons widi a 
<< wre«Ch*4>f^wer89 to a treo) tUl they ha^e iigreed to pay 
«* suiph.sums as they are .told .it is their duty to payy.aB4 
*' 'which are often enormous/^ 



, u . yfjg^ y^H enquire amcmg^ thdr merchajito^ of 
'^ jDfiaMrfkcturers^ or hndholders P The great fea- 
" tare in a Hiadoo's character, ia the desire of 
'^ aHiassing wealth ; this he does with a cold^ un«- 
•^ feeling perseverance, that baffles all considera- 
tion of morals or humanity. The rich are op- 
pressive, the poor are knavish ; it is craft against 
.^' violence. Their avajrice » connected with par- 
shnony^ and hence;, as ftom other eanses, they 
they are free finom much of the Inx^ry o( their 
" Mahomedan invaders^ who to equal avarice 
nnited boundless profusion. 

Can it be asserted their superstitions are 
hiisankss.^ Their rel^on has incnioated hu- 
man sacrifices, and they appear yet to exist 
" under different forms ♦: The number of widows 

** ♦ I one day called on the late Mr. W. Chambers to en- 
*** quire if he had heard of a circumstance mentioned in the 
'« Calcutta papers, that the headless body of a man supposed 
*• to be sacrificed during the night, had 'been Ibund in thfr 
" temple of Kali, at Chitpore. He answered that two days 

before, his Pundit informed him of the fiict, adding withal^ 

you have often asked me if such things were, here is now 
** an instance of them. Conversation passed between them 
^ and some Hindoos present, in which the fact was aekaow'* 
*' ledgedby all, and that it was intended as a aacrifio*to-ob« 
** tain success for some project, but oftred by vary ignorant 
** persons. 

** Many who resort from all parts to the confluence of the 
** Ganges and Jumha, throw tliemselves into the stream, or 
** put themselves to death on its banks. i 

'* Mr. Richard Joh&soni an attentive observer «f aastar» 












^hp&4n tfaea telBefflW e with their hwgl w tf i dgs , is 
as gTMi is ever** T0 their superstitioii^ 

^ mmaent tdd me ibat when he was Resident at the couA 
*^ of the Nizam, about eleven y^ars aga» he read m his Per* 
** *8!an newspaper the translation of a rescript from the Mah- 
^ Tattft g6Vettitti^ttty in iAAdh 'stAj^x^ wicre ftirt>iddett to 
** dfar qp their cMlfc e a ft r wrocefcfr ik liie <exi9<M<g \»ar ifc-ith 
^ Tilppif6; fm it waateid, dieaiwrfwrthaiAi Amij ' htm 
*^ 4fusrificed it jueit 'OMatt 4>C.ftlaran.'' 

.^ * Some haye asserted that constraint^ or the terror of 
<^ degradation in widowhood, urge women to this sacrifice. I 
*< know widows of rich Hindoos who live honorably, stA in 
^ a ban da ace; subfect only tb a few restfictionb suked to 
^ UridMiluHiMJL A Bfaniin dndHthis praved to me Hbal no 
^< €«ft8|i«infcis uaad. X^ieaajcotanHmfbrvndoin c^amtf^ 
<< derate rank to bum with then: husbands, thst nd ftmijy 
'^ can add much to its credit by sueh a circumstance. I^ 
<f 'homw0S4 a wonan should be ocgcd by excies^ve* peraoa- 
y alon or threatt, she might perhaps repent at the loaeial 
^ .{al% luad •this would degrade the whole family for eves. 
s* ^e 1dbeB|fore» said he^ careAiUy educate them m the 
y agifdoxk that a woman should die with her husband, Imd 
^ ^ave the rest to themselves. Such, however, ia^the effect 
.^. i)Clbia^opinian» and Ae^eitample by which it is sa]^ported, 
<t ^^lt tbeliivhand is noaoonear dead, than the relictions are 
y '#iinweBffd>to hear thepurpose of his widow; and to coa- 
^^ jvioaa Ihem ihey have nothing to fear from her imsolutioii, 
V«it is not uncoramott for her to hold the extremity of her 
V finger over a lamp till it is consumed. 
. :^.yihsu once they are arrived at the Cranges, on tbe 
'% ha^ks of which .the ceremony is performed, should the 
*^ w^num ahew any determined sjrmptom of reluctance, 9he 
Ji^ beo^mea the property of .those dc^gjcMed wretches whoie 


'' among BMiiy other iii}iifK>iis anrtoim^ may bd 
^' asmbed their iayikig the wAl at ifae edge of the 

^ office it is to convey and bum dead bo^dty and Qpm a 
f word they aeise and drag her to their huta. T^ pre^rtet 
** ttie stn^^es of nature when the pile it aet en fii^ th^ 
** poor victim is held down by a bamboo pote^ while th^ 
** none of enormoua drums and cymbals drown her oviea. 
• ^ I knew one instance of a poor woman wlibse heait aeemi 
« to have ftUed her in Aeinkbt (tf the eereaieoy. She itqpt 
** into the Ganges to perform ^e cnatomary ablnCtMM^ ami 
<* make her pray^ ; the unreasonable lengtii of time lihe 
}* stayed, betrayed the state of her mind to the spectatots, 
^ who esBt their eyes witii a saroastfe smile towards liie 8on» 
<« a young man scarce twenty yinrs of age. The yMtth, in 
^< i^jeny at what passed^ roriied into tim water^ andttepCng 
<< fcb motiber in his arms, bora her widkont resiataaoe to ihn 
** funeral pile> and laid her gently' by dm dead ^o^ of her 
** husband* The fire was knmediateiy iqfiplied, and the 
<< youth in his tnm vented his taunts en the s p ect ato iis fyt 
** their .w«itx>f charity. 

'<< I faaf^ keard tt asserted that therfe pvor wonwa aw u^ 
** toaiea^d with opium before they proceed on tfiis cere* 
<< aiony : this is utterly debied by the Hindoos, and ifpeani 
** ftlse to all who have seen with what sten^ess they gd 
a tlroiigh it. Love to the deceased husband seems not al* 
^ m^s to bear a part in the motive to this great sactifioe» A 
V widow at iaature life one day bnmt herself widi the bod^ 
«< of a husband #ho had deserted lieri and lived in ndnhery 
^ with another woman. One day a Banyan cidled on m^ 
<< and in the course of conversation mentioned that a Bra^ 
'' 'min near death, a surly ma% as he called him, had for^ 
^ bididn hs wife to burn with him. I desired a Pundit of 
** my aaquaintance to make enquiries on the subject; he 
<* canm back widi the name ao^ooeupatien of the Skaaiiai 



'1. and added, that Aha vidow pr^iabUpk fr^iv bitnWII;N^<^* 
**, 8twrved herself t^ death. One morning at i^uz^riae & jcwg^ 
*f wo2iian> the widow of a chokeecbr, oc watchman^ of thef 
*<^ same rank in society that tlic same profession' holcb iinlh 
*^ tis,' burnt herself with great intrepidity ctose to lh# tktase 
^ m which I ItrCii^ WboteYer a^etioii' m %er %M*Md ' 
«,iiug^,sug0nt^ cevtainlj hei'^rMh ^A.<etuilrt»mribifcir^ 
<* Bacrifice« A gentleman present ^q;^e»i^gr»i,bfm^f^^' 
^ the sroatl quantity of wood provided on the oco|Aiiqu .^ 

** I one day had notice of a widow about to bury herself 
<*^with her deceascH] husband. I immediately proceeded mtt 
*«.aftite4t» UieBpaKS'itwwisomddisCBAeey ated w e w i ii ea 
«« 'ii^tke teolatv. Thi»aoe&* is ahmys'tsoDSMQleiloD tlUlMUf ' 
^ 0fthe.Gqnge8;4mdas&rastbe,tideflawt».b«ttv^M(J^lr^ 
** and low water hiark. The young men who had ^t. ip<« , 
^* slant filled up the grave were smeared with muci, and 
«<' standing befbfe the old Bramifl^ who in succcssloh snipped 
** a little from tiieir naii^ the ceremony of purifyngifiem: 
^.l^m]dmerAeyib^lmmi a-geifti«iu»L>wiihed to'be 
^ present ; that the woman had waited for us by her gravd 
*^,mi^re than An hour, and would hare waited longjar, hot 
*^ that there was danger of the tide flowing in* . The wOP^it 
<< on these occasions sits. upright next the hedy. of jl^er ^us^ 
^ band :. they, throw in ther earth slowly till theyoooma Mes^ « 
<^ heronOutfa? they then^epare for a geoeral ettnd^ mj^ft^ 
^ orerwhelm her at once. The deceased was .a^j^MWiQh * 
f^man weaver. The custom of bui'ying the widoyr ia.§|f^ ' 
^< iJ&rqnce to burning her, is in Bengal confined to a fefrijl^ « 
'♦ &rior classes. , » . 

.** It should appear tliat the genpcal and aseendant motive 
*^;w^i ^}iK^o wonien in .this fearful sacrifia2». is :the..ex^ ^ 
** pectatioa of ^eat benefitsiiJi af^ty|^a»ttte» . And i^j9i|f ^' 





" mtQ is near death *. To this may be ascribed 
'^ -their basd sttbjection to those who assumed do« 
^* minion over their conscience. No human 
fi^ihnee can long keep all parts of a family 
froip some ceremonial impurity that may affect 
its honor ; nothing can exceed the secrecy and 
certainty with which a certain order of Bramins 
** obtain information of what is amiss^ or the ad- 
'' dreM with which they turn the terror of their 
'^ records to their own purpose. 

All false religions have been accommodated 
to the corruption of human creatures^ by whom 
nothing is less sought ttian justice or purity of 
heart. , It has ever been ' bodily exercise that 
profitefth little/ instead of ^ godliness that is 
profitable to all things.' The people of India 
'' have indeed line upon line to make clean the 
'' outside of the cup and of the platter ! But is 
'^ that superstition harmless by which a man 

** be coniidered as a proof of the strong hold the sanctions 
<* of another work! are suited to have on the human mind. 

*' * ITiis must inevitably on many occasions prove the 
*< means of great enormities. Col. €. Martine once walk' 
^ ing on the sid^ of the Ganges^ rescued an old man whom 
*' his two sons were drowning under pretence of those cere- 
*' SKmie^ which it was their duty to perform in his last 
^ hours. The old gentleman, it appeared, had a trifle of 
** property, on which they had* for some time past c^t an 
'* evil eye. He lived for a while in the ColonePs tents ; but 
^ growing weary, he preferred to return horns, at tbs hazard 
** of im sscaping the secsnd time. 




/: . i\oi^T Wf4ify ;}^vm^ g?** ^ly jffiiwfvtf^^ "* 

" body in tiic Ganges ? I have ^e^v^ t)Min.4bew 
sitroug syoiptqms of af\pa|^iAf)8s ^b^a iMKCfl <m 
thi5) side ; aujd )M> wqi)4er. - , .. ., . - 
H?rc it may bejibkpd, i|f.lfiWttfd^iwn.fc|fe*t 
'^ no time prp^luceA suJjJiiRei: ^ii^vl^tiifVM.^ hmv 
^f, lal^?., Ikcltu^Q and coiUepipleiJtiYe mcVvi^pioBg 
t)i^Qi l«v«c.delivejred^6|ib)ipie. trutbs^ l)Qjt. 1:0111- 
mjoflly invoheii in iny6tici«n>. or fi»bte> o^d in 
f' $v^\i fur;m as ^houjd beaeftt ctvdy th^ teamed. 
'' N?X> R^'Sftns of V\ferior c^p| hav^ ^ijeen probi- 
'f bjtfd^ undf^ heaxy penaUi^ from lopm^ganto 
'^, 8u/fh bQpk?,.or acquMftwg U^^JhnpwM«ft,«ith- 
*' qut \jfbjfih Uiey cwnot be re^fl B(»|r |hp. rdi- 

jgoj^ of ^ cqnnfty is' not tp J>a ^Urnut^ fwm 

tbQ.qvediteUpQs of a few recbiae 0ieii, I^utrfix^m 

t|)( aclAiai. practical ei^e. in which it ia . deli- 

'i ve{^4to tlie people. JUk^ othcir. |:eIigtaD» of 

'' antiquity, they have their doctrines for those 

' that are within, and their doctrines for those 

'' that are without. But amidst the round of 

processions^ saprific^s, ablutions^ au4 the JDium- 

ip^ry, ifi ^vhich they s(^ek to be hefkt^ fg);,thiejr 

mb «l¥^^}(Wfl^# Wge4jcm;thi^fi;on^si4£»by 

pfeoept and^cxainplc, who of thQ«e wbo.mider* 

lake to lead theen will ever harangue on justice, 

meixy and t^i:t^ ? There arje e^oij^ tq^acitc 

xv! }^^Jmi^M ^\m^^M% mrsism^^^ 

*' that can seduce t^;^jga|;)B{4)9i|. %t \ )}a;re 













'ndf terttt % Whom; ot in what circiiitmtance*^ 
-^^ ^ftiytfain^^flce moral instraction is delivered to 

" **'<^y i*^ei*end Brethren ; you are not going 
" a Wftr&re at yont ovirn charge, and we trust 
'""^ ihtttlhrotig* the goodness of God you will bd 
^' ftfrAished ^P\lh fit iVeapons to attack the rtrong 
'^ lijdddbf SafetC You know the service in which 
^ j^c^'have enlisted: ' No man that warreth en- 
"^ tahgleth himself wkh the affkirs of this life, that 
'*' he may please him who hath chosen hiiti to be 
^' )a- soldier/ Some, who once engaged in the 
'' ^same cause, unfortunately desiring to be rich, 
'^^ feUTinto 'temptation' and a snare.' 1 knew 
^ t\k^o Afissionaries of exceHeht learning, and ilk 
>^ -other respects of unexceptionable ehara<^ter, 
'^^ifho were dirawn aside by the suggestions qf 
'^ interested: natives into such vetcations as ended 
(mfy with their lives, hi the East, bm els^ 
^ wbesTe, tiiere is fawftt! gain for various pro£Q»« 
sions ; but surely these should Jiave Jcnowia 
that^ttra cler]^man who finds food and raiment 
ta hW professibn, there eait be nd lawful §^ 

\..u Yote services; iiiy reverend Brethren, an 
^^^'* sucli iflis'tteilier demand ndr receive any s^^ 
'^^qnttfe i^^iVted from us ; you will receive jowt 
^*^^ nrmoA at the resurrecttou <rf the jiist. Th^ 

^ctafay niMiiitoi^i^ity of ytoitt appeamncc^ wHI^ 

y not be lo9t dn.theHiadpp;,«i4^4JJ^^ 

" the purity of your zeal. . ih '.fi) n'l ' 

" Now the God of peace :t1mt .brofNgpbt. ftgsin 
.^' from the dead our Lord Jes|^^. .thi^(!)g|]fitt 
f'.. Shepherd of the sheep^ tliKotigh jtfep ^Rpd^if 
'"^ the everlasting covenant^ iinaJke yWL<»|tfff^ct 
'f in every good work to do his w.iU>. v^prl^R^;^ 
'' you that wl^ch is well-pleasiifg in ^ijjs B|g^t> 
*^ through Jesus Christ, to whq||i,l).e!,g^ry)<|» 
'' ever and ever. Amen." ;. ,,,0 n^ji • 

*- — 

In. the account for the year 1797^ th^.4l9V: 
Mr. bericke and PffizoU, send. the e^t^cts.^ 
their registers. At Vepery, 34 iufent* ^i^is- 
tened and one adult; married 10;JblirieA 17; 
commujuicants 109 ; besides thpse .chmteiied tin 
the EJnglish and Portuguese, cpngregatipqs/rt 
i^uddalorp and ;Negapatnaia^ aaiouiittngw :to^ 
nefur lOQ. . . . • ^ . ; ..^ ■»*/!' 

/' The Rev. jMr.-Gerick6 acknowledge* . *hc 
" Receipt of 5tbe Secretary 'a Letter j wlAftthe' 
'^ remittances from the Society, together >witbAhe 
^vamcmnt of Mf. .Paelie'^ legacy, t.a»d •the flum 
'' dSt^.S3S % 6 ; bf ing «) moiety/ of* th^ ..piw-- 
''\ 4|icie of cf 1 1000. 3 per c4li<.«tockrl<rfti*iyfth«' 
>" latO: Mr./'Zpigertb*gw,>»»o ihitee .Fnllestaiit' 
-^ ^issM^d* »t^* Tra^)q«iebary:Madf8sl alidiXMd^* 


''H Mi'/SWdMi/ln A'lfcttef frbnl ^JTanjbfe, men- 
^'*'>titeV^ tfi(5 tdiriltty t>^ic$t 'Sattianaden;d^ dilig(5ut^ 
'' in the discharge of his* dut)/ dt Palamcotta, 
'''^ftod desefVmg oF the gratuity intended for him 
'*^'By-'tli«^^ciety.' ■ • ' '. 

J(Ki)^Mf; Kolhoff" mentloiis, that in his inter- 
**'^VifcfuAe "tfRh the Heathens^, he made it his'bu- 
'''^irfestf 'to' gh^e them (!omprehensivc views of 
** Wbc' friiths of Christianity. More acknow- 
'^led^ted'the truth of his words than received it; 
**■ and one related a circumstance which had re- 
cently happened at the performance of one of 
their heathenish rites, when after sacrificing 
^'"''fea'oflfci 'of their infernal deiti<^s, the inebriated 
'^* •saertfiiihg priest murdered three persons/ and 
^^ \Wmnded several others. 

•"* Besides a multiplicity of superior deities^ 
'^^ 'the' heathens iti this country have a great nuih- 
'^* b^r of infernal deities (or rather devils) whom 
•oHhey llki^se make objects of their adoration- 
The worship done to those infernal deities in 
Wrder to render them propitious, consists ia 
r W«^ing thcm^Tieep, swine, fowls, rice, plau- 
'^ iltiM; and iiUi^xicating liquors, which is always 
'fndrnic? etther itt m garden, or in a cha|)el built 
"tiifja grbvfc' without the city or village. After 
'^(dffiridug the iacriftce, the priest; with the' 
'^(pidflfAeftty ii*om the sacrifice is brought, sit 
'^ ^#11' to feast Ibemselvra uj)oh the thin^ of- 
'^ fered. Such a sacrifice was offered by sokne 


'' heatheofl in tb? moi)tb of Ji4y l^, nea^ a yfl- 
'' lage twelvjB mUes to the south of ; Tanjotte : 
^' having offered their sacrifice, they sat down 
'^ to the succeeding entertainment, in which (lie 
'' priest having made too free with the intoxi^ 
" eating liquor, very soon became like a wild 
^' beast, and murdered two persons who were 
^' near him with the instrument with which he 
" had killed the victims. Others endeavoured to 
*^ save themselves by flighty but he pursued afler 
^ them, murdered a woman, w^qunded six others^ 
and very likely would have proceeded in ,the 
murdering business, if the inhabitants of the 
village iiad not brought him down with their 
sticks, and disabled him from doing further 
'' mischief 

'^ Mr. JoBnicke mentions, that the cpo^ega- 
tion at Manaper is the most numerous of any 
irj the Tiaayelly district, their number amgun1>' 
ing to more tliap 200 souls, ^liere^ were ,lar 
bouring in that district, besides Sattiaijia^^i^i 
'' four catechists, with thehr assistants. . . 

*' The Danish missionaries state an encreese 
'' in the preceding year of 150 souls^ and 1058 
*' had been the numbeir of coounAnicants. In 
their printing pcei^, t|ie Old Teetf^ia^t., in 
th^ Tamuli^i^ or Mala^er^ hsfd bf ei^. *9fS^% 
finished^ to^etl^er with otbei^fmali |iq<^rend 
a new edition of the, \iisiMj,i4i ji^^^ 
ti^n rdigion^ in, tb^t4fH%Sl^^ 









? » 



• • • ^ 

-^ ■* 








Speaking of Mr. Gerick^, JNir. John says, . 
'.may God keep t)i is dear brother long in life 

and strength, as he is of great assistance to.. 

US,, and &*gui(le/'a iFather, and friend^ t«/very^ 
\ many children, widows, and orplians ; and 
\ whose patience, disinterestedness, and perse- 
^ verance. we all admire and endeavour to nni- 

tate. He, and our dear patriarch ]Mr. Swartz^ 
' have been, and are, a cfreat blcssin"*. to tliQ. 
*' country. We are all joined in fraternal love, 

and assist each other upon every occasion-. 

Much good has doubtless been done by the 
''missions, and will continue to flow from 
''^-them in proportion as the missionaries prove 
'^ iiiemse^es to be faithful servants of Christ. 
" Let those who are either quite unacquainted 
*** with the mission, or who place their happiness 
^ in wealth and sensual pleasures, judge, speak, 
^ and wTile what they please, we trust that God 
'^* AIinig*hty never will forsake his work, but 
**' continue his kind providence, which has lii-r 
'' therto been so manifest, and ou"'ht to be ac- 
^ KHOwIedged with thanks and gratitude.'*' 

^' '^-ffi M' account for Ti^; the Itcv.'Mr. 
«^*'»U^h^,"irt a letter dated at Taiijore, 4tiV of 
*' S^feiiiber, ' l797, acknowledges {fie receipt . 
'••of the Secretary's letter of this year^ together 
'J Wifll the tistiaf sferes mSk pit^sciftsi salaries 


*' liilentitWis' HhiV God had' gWdodrfy ¥*p«srTea 
'f \hfeir Kvfts afid health/ antf thatfcte 'was still 
'^ able to go throtigfh the ustra! ^oA, tlwilgh 
xvrai less Vigour ' than heretofore j afifd flmJt 
shoifldMils ?ife be preserved, he intendc^f to 
{^ive a full account of the Mission, at the*tn4 
-of the year, concludin<j vrith a j>ray^r that 
'' Grtd would prosper the woi*k of their ^if^ine- 
^' rable superiors. ' -^ ^^ ' 

"^ ^'he llev. Mr. Gericke, in a Itetter dated at 
^' Madras, *16th October, I79T, statfe^; * that 
both the English ^nd the Danish Mftbi(»iirift8 
\rdre well, and going on in their re8petti'<^e 
labours, with assiduity and faithfulness r ' btit 
that Uuyappen, the country priesti baid-<diM 
suddenly, whilst holding conversaticm 'witbt'a 
respectable Armenian Christian, to M4)6hi 

• f Ruyappen had been of much service, % Ifis 
'' visits and intercourse, as the Armeimii » b&d 

'[' informed Mr. iSericke. 

''• Mr. Gerfcki, he observes, spent mtchbf Bis 

'* tttnc at Ramrfnad, and Palamtotta-^atM Mr. 

"*' SWrtzbad'been;^ for three rtioirths piisdjiyAh- 

'■'' lerifttslv iU,' atid iVas AM ejtjfccited «iM)il^aBIe 

''^: to ][/rel[ch a^iA, hfe fflhe«s hftvifljt'^J«We4 

• ''tiot^AnW hJ^boflBy sfrcrf^ft, IWttWto^fteiBe- 
'^'^'^moi^.' ^ ^'•''•-i-;^ .. *. 1- '-»i.. • l' LimiixTi ^' 

'' Mr. 9^ricke alf o mentions that he had recently 




ro«ipaplv»0ote from tb« Brv. .»|f, ,qi^rlffi,^ftite 

^; ii^^t ^Uwt Mr. Geriche would, . fumisb bin 
r? twi/yti,soiQe bwMi* Theoflicef jhiformed J4r. 
(xerklce^ tbitt.Mr. Clarke kept an* £)i||^itk 
jBbl^oo]^ and ibad leajmt. the. M«lay buisnsige^ 
jK^ifih ifi the:knguage of that. caiin)tcy^ fund 
'/ that he: j^eqnently. had coof^reapes qa leli^ 
g^ioua subjects^ with the Maiay cbiefti. Mr. 
iG^ii^ iiejoiGed at ihis news. Mr* CkAe 
r'^^i^adfoMod ^ tnuislation of 'the whole BiUeiii 
^^Vittie S|alay:langaage^ made by the Dutct^der- 
-^^iigy^«n^;M^h# Ksided on that coasts aodthwe 
'^fj^aaa prob^bdky of hU fiadhoig other b^oks 
1 ^'..wjiultien in tiiat kngHagej that xuight be oft use 
«* '^.: i0^himr, Mr> Clarke yma at Malacca ivhen the 
/^^£ngliBh toQk k^: by whom he ha4 beeiven^ 
3'^f jg^^ to gf&QiatQ as chaplain to the ^ar« 


The stores and presents had /uriyed safe ia 

1 ^.' 'rthtf .9bi^ ^thot conveyed Mr. Holaberi^t ^and 

/'- Mf.^ .Q^ick^ ei^cpresses partimdfqr tbapka for 

rftHthft'^plily./aftbpokB^ a» he hadi^y^i&l fc^mdi 

*:yi5lftip«otide i^'^i\ep^, atr Guddaloro^ at J^ja- 

h tfoiWftnwni 'Md ^iha Nand Hqf^uib^^ be 

^lf^«ttcialediO|. Sundays^ .w/dk^'^sil^ 

y Admiral Renier baving appointed hiiachap*^ 



'^^jHi' three icUffarentola^i^itt^es^'^littyt 
^^ wod Boneh <if his tkne. He eoes^ 


iftarg9 xm • tke inflacoee o£ Ihe ' 'clmiAtetibfc the 
kuBiaa oontitirtion^ putitiilarly at EvitipiiUb ; 
^^.an^ 'tiie inconvenience witii nrfakh'fainiiwp;^ 
'^im4 espeeially stttdioiis occupiiuMi^ wtt]|nr^ 
ifiUjeid in Indiii: -and^ in eosicittBioRj >ht{ipw)8 
Jgnr^Uegii^gs-en tbe ei^ions of tbto 'Sodsty: 
Tltt Rev. the DaniA MiiiMmi^ i»«ikt* 
'Sler !di^ at Traaquebar, lOtk Feblr««y; 
'( 1798, acknowledge gfatdfidly Ok^tie^i'ot 
'\: AhB> aannal atorcft and presents MaiianatUbe 
" Society the preceding year^ and prayGoditd 
^f bkis a«d reward those who cQntribate4(»> die 
'f 'prcHnotion of Gbristian Imowiedge vmMgA 
^^ tbe Indians^ and to tbe comfort of theUahdui:* 
''..A«r0 amongst them; Reduced to thre& Misaipi-^ 
''-.aries oidy at Tranquebar^ they enjoyedvheakb; 
'^ and. iieing.cMrdiaUy united together^ ^ej.bere 
't* tiieir burden patiently^ and made it^ aawsch 
as pe8sible> sit easy upon them, . .. w ^ 

)urii\gifae preeeding year, theuT' baptficfa^ 
'"^hsd 4>e^ I6il> indndiiiig. $3 heaftheiia>(('ahdr 
;^ Ji(iriaJ8i7@^ their marriages \^, and id09b{iar-> 
^%smii :had recQiyed Ae lx>M!8 .Siqppw.rin0ne 
^' ^bimdiBd-aad «ematy <^dreA were iMtmctM 
f'.?w/:4brtr<'te>w& aad ^CMntry tahfOofc^iio^iiMMn 
'ftMon 4MIII Htf'IkiiBdeed mat wholly ti^iittififeed 

'^ iMAoty ia T&MluKaiii ^and a Portug«i^se Ver- 
'' don df Thomas a Kingpiside imittitione Chrniti^ 
'^ iritkr oilier small tieatisfis in both iaoigvasgOB. 
<: f^ The«R6T. Mr. Ritigeitaiibe^ in a letter ^ed 
''pGakiitta, STtli October, 17^, meotioiia kis 
^' - mkBSkvml at that placey after a pasgage of 
'^vcfljfhteen weeb> and his vory kkid rece{i4iQn 
'^/bjrrthfr-Rev.jMri David Brown, whom* he oon- 
''/shltMd to be a. truly valaablemaii^^md to 
^'. ritbon Q^cordiiigly he felt himself bo«ad by 
'' /thfriiie^ of Christian affection, as wcU as that 
'^.of rgvatitudei and to whom he meant to com^ 
'"^tfDiitihiiiisitf for guidance and adviee^ dniag 
^^Mbr coiitimiaiice there. 

'S ]Mfar«. RingeUaubej in another fettes, dsted 
'' at CUcutta, 10th November, 1797, states that 
" he ftads it unpracticable to subsist at GalovKa 
'' npen his salary, especially as he had been 
*' dUifed to hire a house to jreside in, at a con* 
'^ siderable expence, and to provide s»vantB; 
^' ajttd intimates that if some additional allowance 
^^ be not made, nothing will remain for him to do 
'' hvLtdO' think of an honourable retreat. 

' '' The East India Mission Committee, tmns: 
'' into consideration the whole of the particidirs 
'' commvnicaled by Mr. Ringeltaube, and beua^ 
^"^lifeeime iaformed by Chartes ; Grant> < Bsq. 
'^'tiiM/he;h(Kl received letteora from Calcutta^ in 
^' wiN«h lyir-BUngekittibe wan t«jf heAomaWjr 


'^ 4«I Bowrd €0MUffiisd in ith^' saiM, Ihafr iitt ad- 
"* 4itKm ^ 4?. 50 1^ ftRfi/ shMkt ^k ikOA to 
'' Mr. Ring«Jta«bQ s sibry, tfll Mob tfifritf ^ he 
^"vM^KMlkl be p«t into posMBsibti cf'di^^i^taat-. 
^ «Mnt»> «m«e4 for ihe U9e of a MiMlWfinry^ 
«' ^wr tiM School Heme atbuifceii bi tfai6 MWdn 
^ CllmN>h>aad<il8timmeiiiate'eMcAVinmM^ 
^! lie iiB«l to procure for bim the pofise^siM of 
^ #me ifMrtiaents. LeMers to this effiM^i^lvere 
^ 'thgnoKibrr taransmitted to C^iitta^ iti ^i^cii 
^ a wa aiBO* inttaatod to Mn Hkigtf tmbe^ 
/^^ thafc^eMhrng «f ar achool was paft df'«M an* 
f' 9iial yton of tibe GdkMte MksioR/ asA^ thtt 
^^ by 4he mperintendance of the scdnat, hb m^i 
^ 4feme a comlbtilable adUKtmi to hk intetoie." 

» . 

.. Sinfe tho publicati/m.of the bsfr (tfHV>iiM» ^ 
y^ejCAljQtte«8 bav^ bean reqeivad from tba JVIi^* 
91^pa4^ the fiiubstance of wbii^b ip 4W)hutpd*ia 

'/ Th« lley. :Mr. RiugeKwbe, \s^ a lattw 
d^ted ^ C^^ciUia, UieJ^tb^^oC. Q^teb^^iiT^S, 
iajimatod; bU inieatioik of. jcotoitt^g-frqia In- 
4ia* aad ia tbe mmiix of Jariy, .KilS^ .ba^ae- 
J'.tutUy. a4;ciYMia £i»g:laml^» aadf€qiraniaa»(tad 
iafouna)l«9n of* hi^ airrixal to.tbo:Sacia0b«^biGb 
via&jQtc^vfid )yUJk.nmch«aiupazG»a«d tpkiaa0 of 



^ k 










l^X tl^ Piev. Mc. ^^yi'Qki ^vi|<b n»ifh Qhiiiftini 
|(ifV^|f6».; bill hQ aljefJs^ ia:excii^/EM tUMtutt- 

Jim Bfi^pe<(t of.p9afub€istl]«f(»4^hMt> v »A» m- 
<^i:e««i^,Qf saWdry bad been gvantiwLbjf ^Bdard, 
^.8Q9»^ «a Mr, RingfeUaube htd) intimitod the 
ifmlkfilX, (pwtkulMflrof w]^iQb4r9.ftatoiiMthe 
^ yei|r'4 p^lieattpo,) mA b^d been iw«ui#)r 
T9mtt4it to Calcutta, and .meaJM b»d been 
poinlMi out, by wbich a comfortabif^.^diUtJbn to 
bwiocaioe. migbthave ^een derived ; but>»Mr. 
jjiijjyekftMblfi had thougbt fit to quH Calcutta 
b^ore it was {i069ible for bim. to rec^ii^ the 
Society's reply to hiis complaint. Tbe^e parti- 
'^ culan are cominunic^ted with much coocem 
'^ amd re^et ; and it remains only for tbd So- 
'^xieiy to hope, and pray God^ that iSmt ex* 
^^ pactationa may not be so disappointed; ill akry 
'^ future missionaries that may be sent out. ' 
' '^' The Rev. Mr. Gericke^ in a letter dated at 
'Sl^Isriraa, 4tbof October, 1798, communicates 
1' Iratber particulars pespectiQg the death' of the 
^i jiaucfa revered^ and venerable Mimotm^r' Mr. 
^^ fiffBita, and itbat being: himself then at Tan* 
'^li J4>«e» hehad been a witnesa of Mm last aufibr- 
^. sOj^s/an^ .o£ hia patience> resignaliony and 
'' ;bapfi i ificdtsll V M^^hat graal^ ami gtyid: man/ 









'"^ Mr. Geriek^ obten^es, ' htd eften spoken to 
^' me of his death. When he menli(med mj of 
'* the providenceB that had attended htfn in life, 
^ he had been accnstonied to add^ i^ m 6M 
*^ itOiU shew me meny at the end of 4kk l^t ; 
^ attd we have f^eat reason to prake Ood for 
^ die mercies orn: father and brother, experienced ' 
during the last days of bis abode upon entb. 
When I arrived at Tanjore^ he vras in perfect 
health of body^ though his recollectioo felled 
^ biro. During the few days, in which I went 
'' to see brother Pohle at Tirutdiinapally^ he 
^ had been afflicted with a mortification in his 
'* left footj which for years past had occasionaUy 
*' been painful. On my return^ 1 was fearfel 
*^ that he would die miserable with an outward 
*' mortification. We were thankful^ bowerer, 
to observe^ that the power of recollection had 
almost fiilly returned. The mortification was 
also stopped^ and shortly after removed ; and 
the last days of his life became some cf his 
best. He frequently spake with Chrirtians and 
'' Heathens, who visited him^ in tiie same easy 
and agreeable manner he had been accustOiMd 
to when in health. He affectionately exhorted 
every European that visited him^ to the OMmiit 
care of his soul. He prayed and be pnised 
God. He desired us to pray with him ; and 
though he must have fek much pain^ (which 
he manifested by his groans;, when lef< akme » 




^.iac^ierfkqiie of fating nst ;> yet "wfftnwe 

^ihfttdiliiin speak with otKers^ orpray^^ it yn^ 

^^/fldtb*B8.jnUch«ase^ m if helmdhadltia paiti. 

^VB^iH&<^S ^ Missbn^ lie said — / hope th^ 
the^v^fk fpill XQntmue, but you will si^er 
^m^M •carrying it on: He, w>h4 mitl eJ^mr 
h«A(Ai^>. is 90t Jit for it 'Of bis own oMr 
^guj^^a^a *, he said, Uiereis a gMd begin^ 
iPitm in.aU^-'J^ others $ajh there iswotkhig 
IpW^eet ; I sagfi, look into your own keart. 

^'iJ^lmt^ when he w^. so weak tbat lie thought 

*' Jhe fli^ipidd no more open his eyes, and I begau 
flA hymn^ of which he was fond, he joined w» 
,ih it with a clear Yqice ; but soon after, when 
. he : was jn the hands of his fhitbful catechiste 

^' ; And adiooiraasters, to he lifted up from bed« 
he expired .withcmt a gfoan. 

^n Gericke goes on to sti^, that in' the 
y^^ 1297^ in the Malabar congregation at 
Vepeiy^ J28 childrea had been baptized, and 

'' '. I heathen ^OQian, S conjde had been married^ 
««vl.i2.peuDas buried. On Easter day, their 

^^ /oftBimiimrmiti Kad been 100 ; on ^Vhitsanday 
r36^;.,an< the 16th after Trinity 31 ; and on 

^' 'Ghnstmas day 101 ; and 12 of them had been 
;tdwittcd tiie first* time. In the English and 
Rmtngome omgregatioas^ 53 children had 







^ * By his congregation, he chiefly meant those who lived 
^ on either side df his garden, and attended hii hours of 

•?4wIyatnKiaiu*" " ' 


*^ been baptized, 40 of whom were of Caropeah 
*. extraction/ and 3 Gentoo adtiftsi whor^knew 
*^ not the Malabar knguage, but had learned 
'* the Portuguese ; 1* couple had been married ; 
^* and 1! perstns buried, besides 43 sailors/who 
'* had died in the naval hospital, under Mr. 
" Gericke's pastoral care. On Eastei* dky, 56 
'^ persons had received the holy sacrament •• on 
'^ Whitsunday IS; on the 12th after Trinity 
^' 13 ; and on Christmas day 27 ; amongst whom 
^ there had been 9 new communicants. — ^Oncc 
" they had administered the sacrament in Eng- 
*' lish to some worthy persons,^ who were going 
'* to distant places, where opportunities of com- 
" municating might never again occur; on 
"■ which occasion, they had been joined by other 
'' devout persons at Vepery church. On such 
^ occasions, they had an early morning service, 
'' and a preparatory lecture the evening before. 
'' The Dutch soldiers, prisoners of war, bad 
'^ also attended a preparatory sermon on a Sa- 
" turday, and another on Sunday morning,' ^hen 
*' they received the sacrament. Some reKgfbusly 
*^ disposed Dutch soldiers had also ien'gaged his 
" attention. ' ^ 

*' At Cuddalore, Mr. Horst had christened 
" nine children of European extraction, atid a 
^' Malabar child ; had married one couple, and 
*' buried nine corpses. 

" At Negapatnam, the Dutch dergymai^^ pe^ 




^^ mitted to reside there as prisoo^x of war^ ^had 

^' baptized 38 cluldren^ tiivo of them belonging 
to the Malabar congregation^ and three adul- 
heathens, instructed by the catechist Niana 
paragasea^ and had xnarried two couple ; cer- 

'' tificates of all which had been transmitted by 
Mr. Domingo de Rosario/ the reader and 
schoolmaster^ to be registered by Mr. Gericke. 
'^ Mr. Gericke makes mention of the Rev.. Mr, 

** Clarke^ (who had been sent out some years 
since to the Calcutta Mission,) in very plea* 
sant and satisfactory terms^ as settled at Ma* 
lacopi^ and there so occupied in his clerical 
profession^ as to furnish hopes that the ob« 
ject of his mission to India might yet in 
some degree be obtained. Mr. Gericke had 
been able^ from the stores of the Society^ to 
supply him with books^ and some articles of 

The Society^ taking into serious considera- 
tion the state of their Missions^ ^ and particu** 
larly Mr. Gericke's representations respecting 
that at Tai^orcj agreed that endeavours should 

'^ forthwith be used to procure a new Mission^ 
ary; and accordingly have appjied to their 
respectable friends the Directors of the Or- 
phan-house at Halle^ in Saxony^ to look out 
for some exemplary Candidatus Theologise^ 
willing to engage in the important work of the 

^ Mission^ and who in his talents and^ attain^ 

€^ g 18 






^ ,inent«, hh principles and disposition, is tjnali^ 
^ fted to fiH so interesting a situation tolhe ffloiy 
of Gbdy and the enlargement of liis clmw^i. * 
The Society has also resolved that £. \Q0, 
'Sent Qtrt as fhe hte Mr. Swarlz*s salary and 
gratuity for the year 1798, and cf.SO, 'being 
^ one half of the salary serrt out for the same 
^ year to Mr. Ringellaube, ^Vhich sums i^re 
'' in the hands of 'Mr. 'Gericke, shotild b« ap- 
*' pointed 'by Mr. GJerieke to^uch purposes, arid 
■^ in such portions, as according *t^ hi^ judgment 
^' should be most likely best to answer the pious 
^ ends of the English Missions in • India ; of 
"^ which resolution, information has been trans- 
"^ mitted to Mr. Gericfc6, by the Secretary. 
*' ^he Rev. Mr. Pohle, in a tetter dated at 
Trichinopoly, 37th of February, 1798, grate- 
fally acfcnot^ledges 'the receipt of stores and 
presents, salaries and gratuities, for *the yeairs 
179(5, 'and ^1797, and expresses himself much 
gratified by the letters he had received from 
*' the Secretary. In the xrourse ^of 4he past year, 
he had baptized 40 children and four grown 
persons. Other applications ftr Christian'bap- 
-*' tisrti had also- been made to him, all which he 
•' 'had declined, 'as tlie motives which had " led 
^' the persons to make them, did not i^pear to 
^' him to be ehristianr and tatisftictbry . Tfaefr 
*' communicants, in the course of -the year, 'bad 
'^ beto 195^ marriages seven, ^nd Wials * 1^. 




' 452 

\\ The Malabar and Portague3e families belocigt* 
'' 11^ ta the JVIis&ioa were 55 at Trichioapally^ 
*' and 29 dispersed in the country ; in all above 
^ 3I0t souls. Abraham^ a native^ tajugbt the 
English school ; and the Malabar schoolmaa* 
ter, and catedrnts^, were the sapie persons as 
filled these stations the preceding year^ whom 
^e aided and encouraged ia the discharge of 
*' their duties* To some. Englisb regiment9^ 
*' which had been stationed there, he had taken 
^f raitable opportunities of becoming useful^ and 
*\ amongst them he had distributed some of the 
'^ Society's books. He mentions an attempt to 
build upon some ground belonging to the Mis- 
sion, shops for market-mea ; but that tlae de^ 
sign bad been over-ruled by the commiuiding 
'' officer. 
^\ The Aev. the Danish Missionaries, inalet- 
ter dated at Tranquebar, 9th of February^ 
1799, mention, in the strongest terms of af- 
fection and gratitude, the Society's continued 
^ umI liberal attention to them,^ and the receipt 
^ ef the several presents sent out to their Mier- 
'^ flien the precedin^g year, excepting a patckag-e 
^ «f printing paper, which had becR lost by 
^f some unknown means. The EngMsh lan- 
guage being now introduced in their Pwtu- 
guese schools, the school book» they had re- 
ceived from the Society, had been very ^ac- 
ceptable. They mention Mr. Swartz's death 







^' as an almost irremediable loss, and feel sensi-* 
biy on the occasion^ with their brethren of the 
English Missions^ as they all considered him 
more as a father than a brother. Many tears 
" had been shed on his death throughont the 
country, by Europeans and natives, and cren 
by the present Rajah of Tanjore, who looked 
up to Mr. Swartz with filial reverence, and 
.*^ for his sake shewed much kindness to the Mis- 
'' sionaries and Christian congregations in that 
^' country. They praised God that he had not 
*' been taken from them on a sudden, but gra- 
'* dually, and in so edifying a manner. 

'^ On Mr. Gericke's return from Tanjore, he 
had passed a few days at Tranquebar, when 
they mutually encouraged each other to follow 
'' the high example that had been set them by 
'* Mr Swartz, and in fraternal deliberations on 
" the Mission in general, suffering or enjoying 
*' according to the disastrous or happy events 
" that had happened to either. 

" The seed sown, they observe, does • not al- 
*^ ways meet with a suitable ground : they find^ 
" however, that it bears jjiore fruit amongst the 
^' natives than ainongst persona infected with 
the principles of deism, ^nd the very prcva^ 
lent inattenHon to religion ; so that they Qpm- 
fort themselves with the thought that they 
^f are ^^nt diiefly to the natives ; amongst whott| 




i^j Bddom me^l with a heathen^ yflko indeed 
a mock at^ an4 rieviles the truths of Chrk* 
tiaiiityj Although they do not emhmce. it 

In /the course of the preceding^ year, ,they 
had baptized 134 children bono^ of Christiaa 
pacentB^ and 18 adult heathens ; had married 
31 couple; bad administered t)ie sacrament 

fMx> about 1100 communicants; and had bu* 

'' ried9r. 

The Malabar schools consisted of 76 boys^ 
and 38 girls ; and the Portuguese of' 26 boys, 
and 32 girls ; the greater part of whom were 
wholly maintained by the Mission funds. In 
coniclusion, they earnestly recommend them- 

^l selves, and tlieir Mission^ to the Christian be* 

f '„ juevolence of the Society, 



•f ' 

^'.TheRev^ Drs. Knapp and Niemyer, Di- 
rectors of the Orphan House, at Halle, in 
Saxony, in a letter dated 30th May 1799>^ob- 
^', aenre that as it had been the practice of the 
'* Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 
^' to admit into their list of foreign . members 
'' the presiding divines of the Orphan .House at 
f^ Halle, and about fourteen years since the Sg^ 
ciety having admitted to this honour their ve* 
nerable cdOieague Dr. J. L. Schultz, they con- 
5! sidered it as their duty to report to the Sq« 



^ ciefy th6 deatb of tfiis iMpecteible DMa€^ 
^ which happened on the first of May iMtttit 
" And, as their predecessors had been accns- 
^ tomed^ to the utmost of their power, to aid 
^ the designs of the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge, they sernpled not to 
promise, tjiat should they be permitted to do 
the like, they would not be found deficient iii 
the same good offices. They earnestly desire 
*' to be recommended to the favour and good 
'' will of the Society^ and to be considered as 
** entertaining the highest respect for a body^ 
'' which, for many years, and in yarious ways, 
'^^ has deserved the commendation of the Chris* 
tian Church ; and they eordially pray Grod so 
to prosper the Society's labours, that they may 
happily become instrumental to the salvation 
of many souI$. 

'' These respectabte Divines, conformable to 
their wish, have been admitted of the So- 
ciety, and with earnest hope that their zeal- 
'' oas endeavours to co-operate in tfee CMe^m^ 
^ of the lodm mismon, will be atteaded witA 
God's blessing. 









jBM folhming Extract •/* a Letter /rem a r€* 
ipecUble Gentleman in India t(p the Aev. 
J>i\ Vincent, is, with the Doctor's^ Pei^mis^ 
fion, e&mmumcated (a the PuhHcj in Bvi^ 
dence of the Utility and Impertane^ e^f tM 
Society's Mimon in that C&mUry, 

With regard to flie question which has 
been agitated at home on the expediency of 
sending Missionaries^ (a question highly dis« 
^ graceful to its opposers !) it may be sufficient 
" to know that the native Protestant converts 
are, when compared with a like number of 
other natives, the most orderly and respect- 
^' able class in the country. Their numbei* is 
very considemble, I should think about 3000. 
That they consist chiefly of the lower or pa- 
" riar cast is a vulgar error ; and instead of be- 
ing, as is often asserted, despised and con^ 
temptuously treated by their fellow natives^ 
they are universally respected ; by the latter 
term I would be understood to say, tliat, on 
account of their general good behaviour in so- 
ciety, they are esteemed to possess more pro- 
bity and better dispositions towards social kind- 
ness, then any other iiatives. I was surprised 
•* to see a man of the late Dr. Robertson's learn - 
^' jng and research, introduce into his ' Antient 
^^ India' a stigma on the native Christians, from 
ff ^ |)ook called, I thlnk^ * Sketches of the IIin« 










^ dooB/ One reflection^ however, naturallj 
f\ prises oiji tlw error of the learned historian^-— 
Why are ^ot such «9.ecountfi published of the 
state of Christianity, in India, as would have 
iihown tlie truth ? — Such accounts could only 
^ €oioe from residents in India acquainted with 
the language of the country, and who had paid 
some attentjon tp the subject, with fi vj^w to 
publication. The annual proceedings pf the 
'^ Society at home, shew, by the correspondence 
^ iff the Missionaries, the present state of the 
*' Mission ; but I dp not find any where a col- 
*' lected statement of the numbers, &c. pf native 
Christians, actuaUv .in jlndia. These proceed* 
ihgs are little, if fit all, read by Europeaa 
gentlemen in this country, and when I have 
^' ^hpwn ray copy of the book to spme who 
OQ^ht to have been better informed, I found 
theffi upacqu^inted with it ; I speak par* 
$icu)arly of tt^e volume which contains a let- 
'^ ter from the late Mr. Swaitz to your Secrp* 
^ tary, in reply to observations si^id to havf 
been made by the late Mr. Mont. CampbeQ 
*' on the subject pf sending out Missionari^, 
and the present state of native Christians. . 
ypu may ask five gentlemen out of six, who 
* return from India, their opinion of the state 
" of the native Christians ; their reply will pra- 
'^ bably be that they see no use in the endeti* 
^ vours to propagate Christianity here : and thn 








/* wiH be followed by a repetition of the com- 
'' mon-place idea, tmnsferred from one to aiio- 
^^ ther without examination. * What can a black 
fellow know about Christianity ?^ I have heard 
one gentleman, acquainted with the Malabar 
(Tamulian), turn into ridicule the Malaba^f 
questions and answers of the CSateehism, &c 
^ and assert that no native knew any thing mdre 
^ than the mere routmt of answering by rote 
^ like a parrot. Now I am perfectly certaii^ 
th^t this gentleman spoke entirely at random^ 
and that he never had taken the trouble^ thougli 
he 80 well possessed the means from big know* 
^ ledge of Mdabars, to examine the subject; 
^^ another thing is, that he himself knows lest 
J" of Christianity than the very people whom he 
*' ridiculed. It is from this sort of cant aiid 
V jargon of ignorance and indifferencie, that 
^' false ideas regarding the native converts have 
f* been instilled into the mjnds of many at home ^ 
^ they also confound, as one and the same thing, 
*' Protejstant and Roman Catholic converts. 
^^ Another gentleman of very respectable cha* 
*' racter and great philanthropy, holding a high 
f ' station in the Company's civil service, observed 
to me, that the Missionaries would be of great 
service in promoting among th^ Company*8 
servants a knowledge of the country languages ; 
f5 but ' what is the use of making converts ? the 



y peo^e. do just aj well in their present state/ 
" At thig you will be but little afltonished when 
'/ I teU you thait gentleman *8 religious creed; 
*' which is^, that our Saviour^ as weH bm Ma« 
^' hornet^ was a prc^het^ or person professing 
'' that character ; tliat as he led an exempiary 
f' life and propagated his doctrine by per&ua* 
^ sion^ not by force^ he wa& entitled to th# 
'' highest respect; whereas Mahomet wa» a 
^' bkK)d-thtrsty enthustasit, and deserved abhor- 
^ rence ; bat as to any portion of divipitty at« 
bing to our Saviour's character, he eouM 
f^ not conceive it. 

This I assure you, my deaor Sir, ir a true 
reprcseataJtion of that gentleman^s religious 
'' tenets ; and let m^ add, tliat we find bore but 
fetnr whe giive themselves the trouble of going 
into the subject, of Christianity, \yhat they 
^ possess, in general, arises from good ira]Nres- 
f^ fiions given them before they arrive in India^ 
'* by their parents or schoolmasters ; but, asr be- 
/' fi>re the age of ^16 years, those impressions 
can rarely be founded on a due examination 
into the subject and its proofs, such impres- 
sions losing the support of those who first gave 
'' tbem, and receiving no aid from an effectual 
^ study of proper autiiorities, gradually waver 
f' and fall. 

'' In wch a state of society (I wendd be un«> 







^ derstodd to spettk generally^ can H be ,eifa- 
pected that much importance should be at« 
tadied to the propagation of Christianity ? 

A9 to the question^ ho^ever^ let me talc^ it 
in a point of view abstracted from religioua 
^^ motives. Is it of no importance that the vile 
'prejudices arising from superstition^ and which 
propagates disease and ideath, should be era- 
dicated? The prejudice agi^nst iaooulatioii 
for the small pox is of this description. Thoifr- 
«amds perish annually by that disorder unskil- 
fully treated. 

** Look at the lower classes of the . ufitivea 
here. Great numbers cannot marry^ because 
the <expeiice of the ceremony is beyond their 
potwer .to bear. If they can borrow money 
*' for the purpose^ they entail upon themselves 
'^ the ruin of usurious interest. &c. It is an ui^ 
'^^ deniable fect^ that many thousaan^fl are pre* 
*' vented from marrying^ by the want of money. 
^ Among the Christians^ no marriage fees^ or 
** any other charge whatever, are incurred. The 
*' consequences are obvious, 

*^ The state of morality among the natives is 
^' very low indeed. 1 have liad transactions 
"** with many of those^ who have the cbaractw 
** of most respectable men^ rich, and <^ good 
*' credit : J declare to you, I never met. ^\^ 
** one who had ail idea of the ohitgalion of am 
oatb« or would not break i^ witbott scrapie. 



pitmded tlie crime eoHld he efibctod trtfiioiit 
discovery add prniishment^ and produce to 
them a pecuniary profit; There may be na« 
'' tives of a different character ; ail I can say- in, 
'* (hat I never met with one. — I am speakiitg df 
•* those v>^ho are not Christians. 

^' Now I am dear that no man in the ccntrse 
^ 6f hie dealings in Eng^and^ with various 
'' characters for ^me years^ could truly mpike 
^ a simiiar assertion. 

If my statement be really applicable to the 
general character of the natives^ high and low^ 
a ohatige can only be effected gradually : but 
if any thing is done^ it must be my means of 
ititroducing among the natives^ men who pos- 
sess an intimate knowledge of their languages^ 
who show examples in their own persons^ of 
rel^on^ virtue^ contempt of riches^ (sucb^ 
and such only^ ought the Missionaries to be) 
patience, and conciliatory manners. 
*' Would the establishment of many such men 
'' have no beneficial effect on the morality of the 
** natives ? surely it would. 

'' Such was the respect of the natives for the 
^' late Mr. Swartz, that I am sure any^ set of 
'^ Di^tives^ in the Tanjore country, would gladly 
^^ hfiiv^ submitted their cause to his decisions ; I 
'^ mean provided the cause were reputable. I 
*^ mention this to show how greatly charM^ 
^ iways the opinion of the natives. > 




^ If strpentitions, iniinical to tte irett bcnng 
^^ of mankincl, iadein proportion as true ktiow*<i 
*' ledge and science advance^ of which npno 
''*can doubt ; is it of no benefit to distribute in 
" these countries men who can, or eten who 
*' may, advance them to the best effect ? Will 
•'^ the Branfiiti have the same degree of power 
over the minds of the people, when he is met 
upon his own ground by an European, pos- 
sessing as complete a knowledge of the 
^ Sanscrit, &c. as he himself does, and aceom- 
^ plished in scientific knowledge? Hare the 
'^ studies of the late Sir William Jone» had no 
^ beneficial effect, in a moral view, on the 
^ minds of those natives, with whom be held an 
" intercourse in Bengal ? 

" Government, I am sure, ought to promote, 
'' instead of opposing, the establishment of 
" Missionaries, such as I have described; for 
*' through them, ultimately, Grovemment will 
" have better subjects to rule, and would know 
" better the real state of those subjects. 

The intercourse in genertil held by us with 
the body of the natives is slight : interest and 
business is the only spur towards this inter^ 
' *^ eoiirse, and we draw our information not from 
the fbuntain head, but through the interpretent 
*' and commentators, that interest and business 
" introduce. There is nothmg of familiarity or 
[[ society, or tendency' to social habits between 





: " What ^e. ii[^. tp /lUj^k jojf ^^le .jt^)||f8 jy|e •■ 

dering fito^ies of Jndia 4«ilmi i^^fi^ tf^ffftjjfv. 
", fact, aiid ar^e^ iypon by ft)|tfopp{-«et^^,^H(^^« 
" in a serious question in ih^jOQu^f .. -.r, f^^-^q •« 

".Imjw a l^ttu: fippm 4^t, Bf^pi»el^ tf};«fk. 
"^ S\?nr<ft jwrilA^n soon a^r J^^ «^ J^r. giijntjj,'ji 
" le^pr Hyft«r Seqr^tary, ab«v{^iiUu4ed,^^9^i|^ >. 

« , iiig. that his $peccl| had.bjEen ecn^qfKW^]|^ " 

'\mi^ ,in the -new«:PWV' . ;>%* t^W^-WP " 
",4ve to t||u»k? Call we, <ffu«|L.4o,.Yrhf>| m-W' 
" ,given ^ the 4)ept;hea in Ih/e, Ind^ ft^js^sf^nJ^f ■♦ 
" .thccj^uae fQlqti>7? tp , ^^|is»|o»ufri<;j»i774J ^VjC» 
" 'can, Ifw tl^at,Rnon.ei^inif»ati<^,. 9r<(,f^(^ .. 
" find 8<^mQ of th^ sggeaker^.h^d Jj^^ft,at %ji# ' 

" pnetor was regarding the story of the «((|i% -> 

^ ft^^toe<V^yjwRftFi»>**iw<>p *■ 

- «g^^t ^J,tij5 ^yii^c) f fa»«.Qo.jF*ISJhi5^ • 
y *1^^i;q^ to me deady^tji^ Uie* speakers wen 







^ exttonrely affiud of Mr. WiIberiPorce*8 clatuei 
^ of the \iiSL, charing them with a great and 
^ permanent expence^ atrd that under the im- 
pressioa df thi» fear^ they had brought for- 
ward^ faastilyy arguments that are frivolous, 
and principles that could not bear the test of 
&ir reasoning and experience. And not one 
proprietor wg(S found who could offer any thing 
in favor of the' principle of establishing Mis^ 
sionaries^ derived from his own experience and 
personal knowledge. 

No proprietor of that Court who has been' 
in IniKa, will be a very strenuous advocate^ I 
'^ presume^ for upholding a religion which an« 
^''ndally cansies excessive tumult^ and much 
^' bloodshed and murder. Let any one of them 
'' teeoUect what annually passes between the im« 
'^ mense multitudes of the right hand and left 
^ hand easts, as they are called. 9uch Qutiage^ 
*' are exhibited every year in Madras itself, in 
^' spite of the military drawn out to oppose it.-^ 
'^ What state of society, let me ask, is this? 
^^ Can it be called civilisation ? or does it partake 
'^ of the private war of the barbarous and feudal 
'' ages? 

^* What are we to think of huoiau sacrificas^ 
'' — ^A few years since, the Bmmios of a .ctitaift 
^' Pagoda in the Tanjore country, murdartd f<» 
^ aaodfice, a boy of 11 ytait of agar iiiMnaif 





'^ killed \\\m, they look out a particular part n^ar 
** the vertebrae of the i>eck, and oiTer^d jt t9.,the 
'' Idol. The affair vras fuH5[ examine^ <«nd 
'' proyed, and the puai^hmeirt decreed yr^ ba< 
nishmient bcyoud tlie Coleropn^ ; the exiles ac- 
cordiiig^ ^yent beyond tJiat river, and returned 
a^gain ip two or three da38 ! , . .^ , 

Turn from the enlighteTied wai .})o1ishe4 
Braoiyiii to the wild coUery^ particularly thft 
coUeries of the Mellore, near Madura; I hare 
'' been much among them, and know their dis^ 
'* positions well; the civilization of tbeae appears 
^ hopeless, but I know that they would gladly 
^^ receive among tbein, native schoolmasters to 
'^ teach their children to read and write. ^ This 
surely should be put in practice. T0 this proba- 
bly it may be objected, tlie country belongs to the 
*^ Nabc^^ and we must not interfere. Howeyer, 
'' the Nabob, would, I'll answer for it, gladly 
'^ adopt so beneticial a system. 

"^ It will hardly be believed, but it is not^the 
^ le«s trucv, that within these two years,, tfiere 
^\was a disturbance in the Nabob's district of 
^* Wartiapollam ; some hundreds of his hjgh^ 
''^ nesses rabble, under the name df ttst>o|)q^ 
'' hibving asffemWed separately from a -^party (£ 
^ the- <^inpftuy*« troops, .who were, to assist, ia 
'< Veducing the district, marclied into the H^if:^ 
liferent villages," which were all abandoned 
"^'except by a few miserable weavers, whor^ 


V. ». \^ *• '■'*• 


** mairiecl in iheir houses. The enemy against 
^ whom these rililitary opei-dtions pointed, were 
** Pofigdrs, "biit they had neither pWndered nor 
*' set fire to thd Nabob's villages ; the Netbob's 
^' commander^ howdver^ c(id both; and I hava 
^^ seen pari of that commander's Journal, ia 
*' which he enumerates the persons hanged by 
*^ him daily, and the men so hanged were not 
'^ belonging to the enemy, but petaceable mer- 
^ chfi/nts and weavers left here and there in the 
*' villages. T^he Journal sums up the daily 
**^ items of deaths in one column, like so many 
shillings, and at the bottom exhibits a total 
^^ of 32 persons hanged in aboilt 14 days ! 

Independent of the commander's own 'tes- 
timony, I know the truth of the matter from 
'^ respectable British officers, \irho were id theS 
'^ detachment, and whom I saw immediately after 
'^ the service ended. 

'^ The state of the country and of the minds 
*^ of the people in which these scenes are acted^ 
is truly deploi*able. Shall we excuse ourselves 
and say this is the Nabob's country? We 
ought to hope for some end to such a state of* 
'^ the human mi ad in these countries. Let us 
**" ask what exertions have been made during the 
^ last 30 years, to promote civili^cation ; and let 
*' those who can^ give the answen 

"* 1 am afraid we have never said to oufselves^ 
'^ let us shew what tiiese people will b^, 90 o^ 


' <€ 



r^^O^dtr^oiMica oSaiQbSrq«fafttiQ»tti9HeiUF6e 
'<Oi;il[cd/-atitIlfis )aoM^nt^ flir>radUJaooaI tmlUbnv 
*^ c# «ibjdcto/hwe^ hyihe Jato.ite)itqitesji^9fiitteiv 
^^nd<irJottr^ck]i^ini«n<iMrcoM^ ofoIbV -^ 

b/«f )f:^4iu*riieiiid;b6 0f oplBion tlmt(;<4K^t0<!iiH 
^'*^! any opr iedl of .th6foFegoiQg^rde-> 
^^Mkavy obderfaiions maybe of service i^fire^ 
^^' q^est y«m to mak^ \Tiiat weiof then(y5)i:&i(iay 
** tliihk'propef,;a!tering any ankward oonkme-*. 
^* cestaty ' fep^tition that I may luMre IfaHea 

J.t , . 1 , . ^ '.'''iTT 

:..w.Ift4h€ aeeoQtit^r 1800, thq Rev>,{Rfo;^e* 
(^ ' Mdk^ iu' a letter dated at Y epevy^ ^^n M^ 
^ 'li«8s; STth Dm. 1799, states^ tJ)atJI|fi,f^iAieii. 
^ibi»«l tO'«et out fcf Tanjore, aft4 if» ,4iotr;^^t 
'^ tM tengan the iptoees hehtid. to yi8«^4A his. 
^'< i«my ihilher^ amd bia! (]totie|i at Mantras 'ishould 
^I'^enhit #oioii{p an abifsiee, be.mciqait^tf) jg;f .ber 
^ymil^rijote, .^Ad tovisit. t)ie cbwp^rYrJ^di 
9^ th^ kle Mr. SwarU; , bad pkoM^j aa^)|Ir. 
^ Johikfee haid Mratdred^ but whicbi: .p» ,«(^^iit 
^ <)f'tbi$6iekiic6a.ofitU^ letter, rbad «o)i^lMroS6«- 
*^ Vetal y«Mi been mut^^>**tfi $t irm^skrf$Ote be . 
«^ kmittitcd/ Mri Gerickei iOt^ww^j .l.tji^^ 
{^ 6^p0iidr.tale9lft>ai)4^«!at(t4]^it^^^^ M^t^^ 

r* ^ton^^liy (Me Ml fevir; wiib/iirhKbi b$}.}i^Mc 

w 4tttlc8^thftfc afte^ k Idng jmnifey; )by^'W 
'' Vellore, Arnetey CaddrioWy TfiliiqHdlw*> .W* 
'"rriNegck^aUint m ttHivlnch^pllkieaherh^lfoimd 
**)!iTwdi>4»»'M' ' he had pretaaled, -at* TJVp^arei 
'^> lujlod) their sick brntber Mr. J«fiic)l^>/^;i^ke 
Vi>tii6' jpuvn^^ iwHh td*i. to Raroaw4labiu*ami 
"^^/rriiew ai nevr/chuf dft was to be iopen^^' which 
ff had been fioished a yev and a h%lf, but ^ad 
not been need, in consequence of Mr^ Jfaa^T 
nicke's continuing severely ill at Tanjorc--^ 
*' Prom Ramanadaburam, he accompanied Mr. 
'^'^^ridcA^ U>Triltoicorift,iMaimp«^irir ^rt^ /Hfveral 
^^ ^iJthir'^ade^'Wh^rdthfeft iveit)ocQng|reg9l^(»i8» 
'^ *it*<ihtttB^ cfeapri«; att«':3cliooB,'fcCfa^»rJPa* 
^**kmcidttft, ^tftere f(rtrmferly he haA^^reiMWrJlbr 
''^ se^feiM y e*ars- «hd tab^Bred with f^eat jiuoc»s9: 
Jr frtJilMf , 6erick3, tfi a ' letter dated* at Vtpery, 
'*" ^lift'bf August, l«0O;Mad<?ertmfe' tarhni'^rlate 
* |Atfrney in cbftipahy with Mr. JeBitfctei rflnpn- 
«^tiok#;^ tti« Alli» iiftVin^ini^n ilsedJiij i«lif|09t 
^^fetM^tMr^tc^^pr^vail with Mr. iJflBniokf^ ip^ac^ 
^ c'bApttilJr htm on ta Madm, » thetiape^at 
*<^ tfo^iiiige) o# air migbt hatve %eBtt4a«lin£)ly^ ^er-*' 
Mlj^i^^Ie t«Phto, he parted itoA 1^ Jmiiike 
*'kt ^Ma^^'^'Wlto^ we^f' thc3ll«e^^^a•*i^^ to 
•^'ll^mineAaTMil«tf,^ ^e»'hfe-g6t a*Ae«rffe' fit 
^^(f^l^i K(ti^lfevlnrr ' FtomI tUb ^ sic^iff«ped, 
^ but soon after his #«lirn ^j**ij«ty be-ivM 

lfl|th.d|tj{ <jf Mny, JiSOQ, .pa4e an snd of, hi« 

f for m^ny y^ar/B, vgry ijne^ Mt'e, IJj» (^nr 
twy <n ^e jofumpy ha4 l>een to, J^^^Qi^dfk^ 
L ffroitt.beiififit, i^js be was |D(ipaa(e^ Mouamtatt 





Tvifh. the pqngfegatioiui tb^y,Y43^sd, ^f^i^ of 
f wbicb bad been ^f bis Qivn j^miij^^^i^^ «| 

be, bad gristed |X) makiijg the r(SgsJi|fii/9F)j|f]}ra? 

pcfe4£Mrtb9 bi?i»pfit pf tbose. ic^ngr«|^yni, 
f' tbat thje: couutry prii$«t mid ctttecbipt^ lagy^bk 
f keep tl^f^m in gopd, prdcrj at Ipft^t jSoff^^iM 
•' .timf^ lYHMit tbe prese^c^e qf % Mis^j^fi^. 
V AU tbat b%d bf^en proposed^ , ajad don^ \gt^* 
\' .Qeripk4> ia. thi« ire«ppct, bad gjyea |^w ^air 
'' ^iipke mufib pl^i^^re^ ajnd, revived h/^ 4^^^ 
f' ipin|9. — 4^ RamcuiaijftbHrajiVf be h^d bee^ 
*' .pajlipttlaily b^ppy to «ee (he obur.cb^ ^)ucb 

witb mi^cb solemnity. ]Vlr. Gericke ob^Qprc;^ 
fJbai; (f od bad given bim Mr, ^asfijcke'i 
iSdfflpiptiy^ M long, as it wa^. ne^e^sarj^^ fqir 
th«, benefit of tbe Southward con|^e^||pn«» 
•Ad;np longer; f^t^rw^di^, , 9^ p«j;^^^ 
to iu)^^ll1^^: with . Mia ^ bq^i^ m^^ |a 

f f Win, 

«( between Jfa^ltWt.a^ ^^v^ 
napally^ there iqpas no con^reg^tiqa ^vi«i^ 
and in 9. vititatioa oif thr^e cpz^ri^gaUj^nfi i>e3 
tween the ktleip* place wd Tanipie^ Miu 


'''''Who was a^r<{«ahite4^Wi^ iiteAt; )Hi)i<))M^}ne^ 
<*^tiii< for Hllfet'ptWTto^ • t'hty «dftt«tckl Kow 
'^'ia ^dt catechit^ and i(ch6olfti«»Cli% 'f^'^Hcse 

'^* nfeSsfe.' 'fhfe road baw^i 'R'lfc*iina[)a!l^'^iid 
* T^jord h^ ferihcfly heeti t'tfry tliMafe;'tIie 
**" iliMDlHants behig chiefly coHan^s, ^ pr6f<Nsed 
<^ «lii«F»i64, Mt ^rtit«')9i« late Mt. #wii^'>1iaU 
^ h^n amongst them so ofteo, and tlid (^HbdA 
'^'' (ibng^egfttton^ nt tfme -\nitt», Hf^t ha4 h^rd 
•^'Hdfliih^ of ^bblferieft.' -'SSt. ei/t*ldki Mvidi, 
^ Wtth ieHtMis (^d «iff<MUng MeMtaUM] 'i^^tHb 
^^tofodftiHy foi«>tigftt «f{to« mi' MiMkftt«irii»%na 
^ ^n^^A- of Traii^iibai', -B^lKfe^tfailielid^nbur 
"•■tof -ft 'ne^ MfeelbiteTy*}' and feftWHt** ^that 
;^ Iritteh nttght be "ffihie By ftiithful'ttnd>«!i^us 
■**im, pBni<it\afiy in fhie ^eiithefn'pi^'Mfi'e^bat 
''^'coJat. ' AtH^rfddalore, there is-^ n<!nK «i»cB, 
^*"aiid 'aHiothef at ttarfiafnddabirtTam-* thfcreP^s a 
*''chiifcfrto6 atyalamdotta, tfnd y e<v at <t«M of 
•>• 'itiSse jria'ees -iH^eW ft Ml9«WnkiryT4%<are 

* c^(/'mitYd-irial:e a ' jSfo^r 'usihofHIfem/ -^ '* 
*f The Society however have not- yift-4feeh 

-■' •'/ fi/V ■ ^^ '• ,ri '•• ■;; Vi .• > ^ ^i *» -/. ..\ y is.u"r • 


•riA'Tft$ri{^-^(toJ^aoI<iipda««idelfQrtJlfatcd ik 
Vn^lftle^<fi^:8f»im6mc^ ilbe«fiode(/vqtibf lii 

provinajs of .,^. PenioaMto, ;;pai«idtknrq df 

4:9S9^y'» fend «b«ftivif .«y jHfiihisam, 

." the year 1799, 1^ b<*ivb»iit0e4} 4|6 i^oMitt^ 

f^tMrnJ!^ v^ljcriBgiM^^s and b!anjlBim(h>^ 
*' }i 94i 0\(n 9m^bd^u$foiif»4»rfi<k 4hfc <a!^«y ift 

.7oti||q|tMfiAi7/ >«i»iprM9U tk«.G«a^ (vJlheiiM^ 




" moral liverofiunAftyr^ittflfbJMJiatfi^^jyiitMflfi^ 
Sk i»jlBeiei}teiiiwtaiic^!o£lMfe|fltl^ )M^^Jw&h- 
s^nmAohf^UgiiaM^i^ tinrfteli t»^lh«HJi?q^ it 

Ifsi^^pidrintnbraiWa i butlhte'^tMM iu^NMh]^ 

r Tanjor^ Slst of December, 17^^<aSi^ 
«£ {iaNaboiaM :«(iii«0rv% %&'>ktbt ^^tt£(f Vh^ 

jiSJdqi|tiMi£MrJ4««rt^; ^^ al(^)flNi#E>kiJP%lS»m 
.^-uttitewonly tbiiOftetettid ^i^HMWM^Miiiiler^ 
,«::tai«u^.iar U« mittabfe kai. v4Etetif|SI|r^a^^ 

ji c^oBr^ ..the ' b«|^Mi!li%'' ^ ^^Uiaky^^^ «P<tti^ 
i^-jpAOeboi 0«toii9>t7d7^ «6'|M»8^^4iPla^ 
{bb^m im hiBi winiMttrisl dffic«}t^)|foA^W3hit 

m9pn9^a$ii)mdieHmB iawtbi»ciPlttkifiieMP4kLn- 
f/ goBge, for the space of sereral w^Mu^'^'^t 

i^ffaniMte^ tn^aMil beMiqnMllayfMiMelil^Ql^ 

«lii9 l-yfl ui) M>i9iijTJV3n Oiiw ^lo »voiqq« ** 

: '^'He unto Iik«iv4ie « joomey toi^TildM&a- 
¥ fMSty, hfkA MvenX times tvfited Vdliuil^ (a 
•* towft wx mil^' from Tii^e)/ fci copier to 
^ fj^ftchthe wdri of God to soilie ' binnptttiics 
*r of (he 6ht rogilMnt, Btalioaod at Chatptace^ 
^ and to invite tho teatbon»to aoeej^lte Ues^ 
^^ siffgs of tbe GoqwsL ••• i 

^ Dbrtng the cotiilae ctf thesreelrUi eajAafted 
f'^the N^ev Testamoat in bi& umai oidtM at 
^^ lm>rning aad evening :prayev9/ wMcUr wia^^- 
^<F g^a aad oondaded fay iinging some tiAtaeiof 
an hymn, and he dedicated an bo«r evofiiaj 
Sixt inilMctmg Uie Malabar schoqLchiMiea ia 
^ dta dactrima nf CSimtiaait;jr. Ha ivaH^^tcry 
^' goIidtMB for their taqprawment in knowfadge 
Y and'ptety> and paittcalarif for thoie wkom he 
f* had 4dio0ea and wds tminpg up fiv flhe.iaei^ 
^ vice cf the oha0ch> for whose braefitihe«Eote, 
^ dttfingi^e latter part of fais life, an caj^a^ 
1** 4io« of the princi|ial dootarines of Cfanilinity; 
^ an.idmdgment ofiBiahap J^9Wtm*9 ^i^Rash 
^ tien af dieReTdatiopi, pad at>iaa other iwfcs: 
. >^ l^^MMgb h^ stRsii^ and t^ 
f inpaifed^ yet>fais love to his flock bonsCniaed 
ff him la liimf a gMat ideal bf that daa^ and re4 
^ prase- whush^ hk. great aga raqjairod^r-assd) to 
f< exert ail hif venaioiBg atxangih. fdr^ tlie#**iD[t4 
" ' ' ' • . ^ ., ■ • -i 


V cular d^li^lpt .io vi9iti4g ilie s^eqab^ of ^hk 
ii «O90i(?S^tioi»^ mth igrh^im }k^ f:oayei^ freely 
ff upon ^ wl^te relating to (hf i^^erinil \v^ 
f.'. t^^t, Jtle tW lh^<^ P^uilj whatei(^r vrw 

■': j^.^K^y pp])^ttl ar^uin^Qtj, to .walk.wortl^ 
^^ {^f ib^ir Cbrifitiiift prc^e^oq. Jt ^a^ a laoit 
'^ pleasing flight to see the little f^hUdren flock to 
ff iftflpk ^ith »»(^h joy, ap pbikken fee], on^/neetr 
^'. i9g theic twloYeit purpnt ftfter sowie abn^^fice; 
:'^ ail4 ii):.^^^!?^ his engagipg fuad d^ligh^iiil 
^- IBfthpd to I^d th.en) t? th^ Jj^uQwl^clge.of GotJI^ 
^^ cunnLof their duty. 

^ ''. 'He heard fdmo#t every day tb^ accounts |Jc* 
^' livewd by the $atei:hist$^ of th^ir conKerutjoo 
*^ vrith Christians^ Papists and H^ath^ns^ and 
^/^ the efiei^ts produced by it^ and wibraced;ev^iy 
f' opportunity of giving them directians £>): a 
f ' mm and faithful discharge of their office, 
t \i His strength, was visibly* on the decline 
K dyvmg the last year of bis life, and he fre- 
f* ^qiiently &|ioke of his departnre^ to which he 
looked forward with joy and delight Tlie 
noiQnieiiGpinent of bis UbiesB^ which bappesed 
r on the 17tb of October^ 1797^ consisted onlv 
^rof a eold and hoarseness ocoasioned by a 
?f check, of perspic^ion. Ihr. Kennedy, who 
y. was aparticnhcfnendof the Rev. Mr. Swartz, 
y. gave bim an emetic to remove the phlegm 


*'m^; heSfasafffict^d With km^'j^^^ar 

^=4^ iifft,- and whicH ftBteaf'«JftHhd*2fftPolr 
*''^6vemW- following. ' Tt Swi's vtty* ^ictftir 
'''t8' see tHfe sufiferings of our Vfenerktflis^fjrtftfer,' 
*"aha eVery remedy rendered friiidess wniclif^wM 
*^ in^d fey that humane and exceltetit 'M'tt'^lhe 
♦• 'iile' Or. Stuii-l/ who acted for Dr. ^hitidy 
during his absence^ and who was verjr"^ atten* 
live to Mr, Swartz during Jiis . fllness^ My 
affliction would have proved insupportable if a 
merciful God had tvdt str(^wgt1iened alid" com- 
'^ forted me through the 'tih^x^ectetf'fiL^nral of 
'^ the Rev- Mr. Jaenicke, on the 4th of Novem- 
-ber, 1797. -'-•'- < " ' v. / , ..T-^ 


*' .Under all his severe sufferings, he nevtr 
^V uttered (BL single expiression of impatience — 
*^ .his miud was always' calm andf sererte/ Orice^ 
f jyjiep he suffered very severity, lie' ^A, '* If 
^f it be the will of the Lord to lake me to^&Vm- 
'' self, hfs' will te done.— IVIay ''liis name ^c 

_*' ^ftTiougli ins strength was' quit*"' i^xhati^id! 
f ,,and. his, bodv .extremely cmaciate^d tnroiigii 
'Mhe'f^equeiit vomitrngs, vet under all tnil ca- 
ff4arqiiyr*,|he d^si^ed ,t!jat the schoolrdiildTen. 
if.ai4i^thgw who^jGisudlv attended ih^ evenmg- 
'^ {)rayer8^ should assemble In his parlour^ wBerCj 




'^:^ .%? CjJ^^^t^,out of the. Bible, after (^^^ 
^,.\ip^^y^ytx^ and to hear them, sing so;ne,Qf 
'L^^'} W^tta'B hyipns. Paring; his, illnew,^hff 
*^^ W^jo^A .particularly . pleased with , thj»t ei^^elr. 
^T l^^.^^nxui w>ich begin* with tl^p fi^pyjrjng. 

!) '* 

yi'* -^^af from cKir thoughts vain trorid be g*ie, ' ' * 

£ Yl oteflidtfDif'r^ti^iaus hours ftbtiet 

- r.:ao 'f iW* W«W mioe ^e^ nay (Ji^yiour $^ 

•i' ;• "i ** ' ** 

' -ifri 

^ He called it his beloved soiig:. an^ desired the 
'^ children to sinir it frequently to him. . , . 

1 • «,• • ••• 

tie earh^tlv exhorted and infreated the 
:^ hj^thepj;^ VW.visUed ..lum. in bi« illn^sf,. 
^\^^\^]^^ i^!^y^,r>i^^^Vi>. *P^ ^ consider 

4i'eace. WHeh , Jone of, them beinn ■" Wlat- 
ing that Von derful things occurred ifi the, 
'r town* our venerable father answered.' *^^he. 


^ o{ consequence/ he exprcsseiJ His gr^CTCgtef 
•^ ftt leaying; liim in fiis idolatry, \rhen' he "tf a« 
" entering into Wernity ; and acWedlh^'feWAnv- 
** n\g wor^ifi : * I have often exhorted and wanied 
'* yott, Init you have hitherto disregai^dekf ^t i 
'' you esteem and honour the creature mof^than 
'* the Creator/ 
" On this 2Sd of November, he was vistxed 
by Serfogee, the present Rajah, Iheti presump* 
tive heir of the kingdom of Tanjore, and" to 
'^ whom the Rev. Mr. Swartss was appointed 
guardian by the late Tulja Maha Rajah. On 
being informed that Serfogee Rajah wished 
'' to see him, he let him know that he sliould 
" come immediately, as he doubted whether he 
'*' would survive till the next day. On his arriral, 
he received him very affectionately, and then 
delivered to him his dying charge, which^ 
^ though pronounced in broken language, the 
Rajah seemed to be deeply aflected by it. Tbe 
tenor of thfe speech was as follows : 
" After God has called me hence, I requfest 
'^ you will be careful not to indulge a'fendhfes 
'' for pomp and grandeur. You are convinced 
^ thai my endeavours to s^rve you have -Wen 
'f dirinteresled;.what I now. reqiiest of yoii'is, 
^' th$t you would be kind to the Christians:— 
*l If they bdiayeill, lettliem be punished; but 
'f if 4iey da wed, shew yourself to tfiem as tK^if; 
'' father and protector. ' •*^'^- "'•' 







^' Aailie^ibfe fLdministxation of justice is in-' 

4i$pensaUy necessary fior the prosperity andl 

, l)f(p)pine0S: of eyery statc^ I request you will 

. e^bUsh regular courts^ and be caxefiil that 

. ineipftrtial justice be administered.^ heartily 

^ wish you >yould renounce your idolatry^ and 

senre and honour the only true God. May he 

line merciful^ and enable you to do it!* 

Our venerable fether then enquired whether 
he sometimes perused the Bible? and con* 
^ eluded with very affecting exhortations to ba 
'^ mindful of the concerns of his immortal soul. 
^ The residenti> Mr. Macleo^> who had been 
on a visit to Trichinapally for some wcekg^ 
hearing on his arrival the iU state of Mr. 
"^ Swartz's healthj^ had the kindness to Mid for 
'^ Dr. Street, from TrichinapaJly. The doctor 
'' arrived here on the first of December, and 
** after consulting with Dr. Stuart, he recom- 
'' mended the tincture of steel to be taJcen with 
" an infusion of bark, which, by the btes- 
** sing of God, put a stop to the ronriting, with 
"^ which he had been afflicted since the 17th of 
•f October. 

On the 3d of December, the first Sftnday 
^n Advent^ very early ih the morning, he sent 
*' for the Rev. Mn Jeenicke and myself, and tie- 
sired, the Lord's Supper to be ^dmini^ltcrcd 
to. him, which Avaa accordingly done by the' 
'' Rev. Mr* J«nicke. 





^ Before he nceived the LcNPd** Supper^ M 
^ put Bp a long and affecting prayer, To> 
*' hear this eminent servant of OxnA, who had 
** &ithfally served his Redeemer vefy near half 
" a century^ disclaiming all merit of his OMm,- 
^ lumibling himself before the footstool of the 
^ divine Mtgesty as the chief of siruien^ and 
grounding all his hopes of mercy and sal-« 
vation on the unmerited grace of Ged, 
'^ and the meritorious sacrifice of his belov^ 
^' ed Saviour^ was a great lesson of humility 
•' to us. • 

Our joy was great on his recovery, but 
aha it was soon changed into 8orrow> whei^ 
^ we observed that the severe attacka of his 
illness had in a great degree affeeted the pew*' 
ers of his mind^ and which he did not per* 
fectly get the better of till his last illneWj t 
few days befgre hi$ departure out of life^ not<r 
withstanding all the remedies which were 
tried. It was however surprising to as that 
though his thoughts seemed, to he incoherwt 
when he spoke of worldly subjects^ yet they 
were quite connected when he prayed or dis** 
coursed about divine things. 
^ After his recovery he frequently wished^ 
'' according to his old custom^ that the school 
<* children^ and Christians, should assemble in 
«' bis parlour for evening prayer^ with which 
^ we complied in order to please him^ though 






^ we ^v«e coAcertied to observe tliat t^icse ex- 
^ ertions were too much for his feeble fhinie. 
The happy talent which he possessed of 
making almost every conversation instructive 
and edifying^ did not forscdce him ^ven undei* 
his weak and depressed state. One morning 
when his friend Dr. Kennedy visitefd him (after 
his rettarn) the conversation turning iipon Dr. 
^^ Young's Night Thoughts^ which was One of 
^^ Mr. Swartz's favourite bocA^, he observed to 
*' the doctor^ that those wd^hty truths contained 
V in it^ were not intended that we should aban* 
'^ don society^ renounce our business^ and retire 
'^ into a corner^ but to convince us of the emp- 
'' tinesB of the honours^ the riches and pleasures 
5^ of this world, and to engage us to fix our 
*' hiearts there where true treasures are to b^ 
{b«nd. He then spoke with peculiar wahnth 
on the folly of minding the things of thig 
'^ world as our chief good, and the wisdom 
''and happiness of thinking on our eternal 
" concerns. 

- *' It waa highly pleasing to hear the part 

-^^ which he took in his conversation with the 

*'^ Rev. Mr^ PoUe, who visited him a little after 

/^ his recovery, and which generally turned on 

'^ the many benefits and consolations purchased 

^to beK^ers through Christ. He was trans'- 

'^ ported with joy when he spoke on those sub^ 

'^ jects, and I hope I may with truth call it a 




'' foreta^e of that joy . \vlii<:h . hf^ - w , natr fescf^^ 
" riencing iu the presfnpe f>i lii^S^i^tp^^^^ 
'' iathe flociely«cof^,tbe,,bk^e*t^ f.ii^ --ni^^tri 

•' rahlei father had.tbe.saJti«^?JjLw;;Qii ?«?PfiF,|*e 

'^family, JUttte ^ii. we -flunk tbatifee.p«^ 
' mce0£ ^.la&t oSices tot Advi^wovUkf^^V^ 

V par* of the dutyj of. oiUiWrOji^ aeoi^^ 

V Rev- Mr. ..GjerkAi ; aatf I Wcw and pfaiae 
f' GQd f<n*. kadiqg l|U feitfifiil setvwt ttt ^ a< 
5' that tety time, . when, we wcra n\ort in M^of 
'' his a9$i^ta»ce ajad oomforL i , , ;i % 'uy ^ 

''On the. seieond . or thiol day. t^er tha JJer, 
''^ ;Mr- Gerickrfe's arrival Mjl ^ai:tx congpiiiNfai 
'' of a little pa|n in. ht» light <foot; ocof iMed 
"'. hy nn inJGbounation ; lo removfi wbiob; re- 
'' l^eat^d,ft)xnei>taliofis laicrp, applied^ bat^ieir 
^' daya atjfer W«f /i*flerfed> to oui^ ioefpres^lb)^ 
/' grief. ti^P Wpr<>w^:ot' 4 jmortifi«ation^;.-J>r. 
// Kennedy trji^d ^y^tyi remfed^ to.i)^oite 4%^iaad 
'^ wouldj. perhaps, have effected tbe,«»w;,„i^ hb 
'^^ frajn^ li»d*hQ»T^ ^bte.ttfpupj^rfc.^^iit hft |raf- 

^ iof^ i^fi^.y(f^ ,fta exsunpje. qi patipqcf^ nadar 

all t||^e60rqii}9^DtHi^s. He .d^ not spup^ dnriitg' 
t^it^ v(\io}e.Qif,hi» iWn^, pwp |i»«le wa«d «f 

rh^. last wed^ ,(^ tiivi \\k ht «M.><)Uigfi4 ^ 

Ije An ]iip , Qoi .^hq ^0fiimt V^lf^ P^^^ day; and 

'' .fLs,^ vra% of 1^ Vf>htQ8l constitution^ ,it i:ei|iMr<^ 

'' s:reat labour and t,eMrtion to remove him to 


0t i; 

^ ft Cliaif, wtiMI h6 Would sit lip. 1t*lieS^ ekW- 

^ tionir coiftributed'to weaken hkn more and more. 

^' Daring his bst iflness the Rev. Mt*; Geriek^ 

hhtl ^quently, and spent much of 

•*'tM thnie With him In conversing on the pre-* 

^••ch)il8 pitomijes otHdA throughrChri«3 in sirtg- 

^ ihg ftwciketiifag hymtid^ ahd in offering his fer^ 

^ tttit prayers to God to comfort and strengthea 

^ hUf ftged sertflnt under his s^rere sufferings, 

^td'contmue tend Iftcrease hid divine blessings 

^ upon hte bbouri^^ fot the propagation of th& 

•^'ddspcf!, aftdyo^Ktess all the pious 6ndedvouri 

^ of the Society, and all those hnstitutlons ^sta- 

^'Mish^ ki thA tountry for the enlarg^ent of 

^i!fie khigdoin trf Christ: 

••He fclieawcJd'witHpeculifir emphasis (whilst 

•^ Wfe wcAresihgirig)pnrticukrpatt8 of the hymns 

''''expTasing thfe believer's assui'ance of faith, 

•• ind ttf the grfeat love of Ood in Christ. His 

^'fSsrvour vras visible to etety one present, whilst 

'•**'lVfl'. CfcHcki' Wte. praying; and by his l6ud 

^^ Amen shewed his ardeift desire for the accom- 

~^^')p^men¥of our united petitions. 

" * '*^ A few days befoi^e he entered into the joy of 

'^^ Ills Lord, the Rev: Mr: Gerick^ asked him 

^ whether he h^' any tiling to say to the bre- 

^ thren ? His answer was, '' Tell them th,at it is 

^ fSy reqtfesC that they should make the faithful 

'"^^ discfaai'gfe of their office their chief care dhd 

' *^<toncern.*' ' 



A day ^r two befic>r.e bifi 4^p9ffttti^^ l'^'^^ 
he was yiaited by the doctor^ he saidj ' D*9|{etor,. 
in heavea thefe will bff. np pain ;'r-' y^ 
true^' replied the doctor, ' but we must keep. 

[ you here aa long as we pan/ He, pjiused a^f^w. 
momentSi aivd then addrc^a^<l the doctor witht 

^ ^ these wordsj. ' O J dear doctor^ let us take ,care 

'* that we Kiay ,not be missing there/ Thes§. 

'' words were delivered with such f^n afiectionate 

• » • -Ate » • 

*i, tone <jf voic«^ thfit ip^d^ a. de^jj impression oa. 
'' Uie doctor, and on every pne present. ^ ,. 
On Wedneiiday, the J^th, of Februiyjy^ 
1798> which closed the melancholy scene, we. 
obsewcd^ wi^t^ fl^ep^cpDij^nj, the ajp]||^roac}ij of 
^' his dissolution. The Il,ev^ ^i*.^ Gerickf, J^ 
nicke, Holtzberg:, and myjielf,. we]:e mui:h 
with jiim in the mornings a^fl in the aftempoa 
we sung: s.evei*al e9;ceUen^ hyums^ and ofi^ed 
y up our pi^^ers aiid praiaes to Qod, in which 
he joined us with fervojir. and de|igh|:. Aftec 
, we had retjied h^ pray^ed sjlenily^; ^&4 ^1^^ 
". time he uttpred . th6 following words ;,. / Q 
" Liord, hitherto thou bast .preserved mej hi^ 
^' thertatliou .hast brought me; and hajBt t>e- 
f^^ stowed^ innumerfible benefits upon. nvs.. Dp 
\ . whajt is pleasing in , thy sight. I deliver mj 
spirit into thy hai)ds^ creanse and adorn it with 
the righteousness of my Redeemer^ and rar 
ceive me mto the arms of thy love and mercy/ 
''— About two hours after we had, retired, he 
'' sent for me^ and, loojfing upon me with a 



« • 






^ fjfencHy Vouiifenarice, he hripaReB^ lii« hsk 
p&teiTial'bfeis8ftig'Hi'*l<hoBe jsreekms words: — 
' * I Wish fo/ii many cbmfcrts.'MaiJn offciring hiiA 
^ioye'tftitfk/he'whihed to^ be i^ on i 
'' chafr'';'lifflt dif sooft as he was raised upon the 
^' ibt, M t)a#^c(h$8 iiead, and without a groan 
•^'br 8frtg^le;=h* irimthift ey^s/ainddied between 
** foiir and flvi in the afternoon/ in 4<ie seventy- 
*''^ second year ^ his age. ' . 
*' * ThoiigK 6tor niflndli were deeply afflicted at 
'' the loss of our beloved »firther, yet the const- 
^ deration of hts modi Mifythg conduet during 
'''"his illness^ his incredible patience ander hisse- 
^ vere pains^ his tiiiimphant desttb^ and the evi- 
'^dent ti^ce^ of sweetness and comp6snre which 
^•"'Vas left on his' countenance^ pr^ented the 
vent of our sorrows for the present/ andani- 
mated us to praise' Qod for his great mercies 
''' bestowed on us through hiar faithful servant*, 
*' aid to entreat hirii tO' enable us to follow 'his 
^ blS^s^d example^ that our last end might be 
^' like his.' 

" fiis remains were committed to the earth on 

'^*the'^4th of Pfebniary, about fivue in the after- 

'^ nooii^ iri'th'e (^bapel^out'of the fort, erected 

'^'by'liim near his habitation, in die garden given 

^i6 him 'by the late Tulja Miha Rajah: 

*' His funeral was a ftrost awful and very af- 
'^ feeding ' sig'ht. It was delayed a Kttle longer 
" above ^thc limited time, as Serfogee Rajah 
^ iTished orice more to have a look at him* The 

f - 

r iflictiQn wbidi he saffered «t the kw of 4li« 
^' best of 1m frieodi^ ww ^rj eiecting. He 
r shed 9^ fknid of tean oyer the body^ en4, oth 
y vered it with a gold cfeth« We mteaded te 
f* pinj^ a funeral hymn, whilst the body was con« 
ff veyed to ibe chapel ; but we were pvevented 
^' from it by the bitter oriw end hmeiitatians 
'^ of the midtitudes of poor who had crowded 
^' into the garden, and whidi pierced tbrougb 
^' Q«r souk. We were of course obliged to 
'' defer it tUl our anrifi^ at the chapel, 

*' The burial ser?ice was performed by the 
<' Revi Mr. GerickiS^ in the presence of the Ra^ 
^' jah;^ Uie resident, and uMst of the gentlemen 
^ who r««ided in the place, and a great number 
^ of native Qliristians full of regret for the loss 
'^ of so estcellent a minister, the best of meo. 
and a iiMst worthy iMmber of society.— 
laay a merciful God grants that att those who 
are appointed to preouch the Go«pe| to th« 
heathen vorld. mny foUow the example of 

<' this venerable peryant of Christ ; — And may 
" he send many such faithful labourers, to an-^ 
*''* swer the pious intention and ondeaTowcs of the 

hoKpurahle Society, f9r the cnkurgement of 
the kingdom of Christ !<^M ay he merciful^ 
graiit it, for the leKe of our liord iFes^p ChrisC 

^ Amenr 

^' |n the year 1797> ^^ nnmber of the bap-r 
«^ t^ms had been 109, amongst which 30 were 
^? \i^V^, lW» W tl»? TfW«lw» wngregatioiu 






fents. Tivee jteyMODfi had also been received 
frofiv the popish commanion. 

Ip th«yje»r 1798, the baptkios bad been 
** 9L of which .38 were infants bora in the Ta- 
^' mulian cougregatioD^ 37 heathens, and 1$. 
^' children of European parents. — The convcrtji 
from popery were fifteen. 

And, in the year 1799, the baptized werQ 
/* 190, 38 being infants of the Tamulian con-. 
^^ gregation, 145 heathens, and seven children 
(^ European parents. The converts from po- 
pery this year were 25 ;• — 209 persons of tha 
Tamulian congregation had received tlie $a- 
*' cmment of the iiord^s Supper, nine couple 
h^d been married, and 49 corpses buried. 
*^ The English native schools had been kep4 
up as usual. In the English school, there 
^' were then only 9 scholars : in the provincial 
^' schpok at Tanjore and Cumbagonam, abput 
^;' 40; and in the Tamulian school, consisting 
exclusively of children belonging to the cout 
gregation, 99 boys, amongst whom there 
^' were l4 Seminarists trained to became cate- 
*' chi^, and 35 were charity boys maintained 
and clothed by the Mission. — Two English 
schoolmasters instructed in the provincial and 
English schools; and four schoolmasters taught 
Uie children in the Tamulian school. Six ca« 
^^ tecWsU were employed at Tanjore, in iustrnct- 






»-A .^ 





ing the^ catediaii!iens^ vi»itin§ the Christians^ 
and cmveremg with heathens and papists. 
'^ Mr. Kolhoff states, that an event very fe-- 
vourable to th^ whole country^ and to th^ 
Mission, had happened about the middle of 
** the last year. Mr. Swartz's endeavours hav- 
^' ing been crowned with success, the adopted 
*' son of the late Tulja Maha Rajah, by order 
'' of the Court of Directors, had been place^ 
*' on the throne, on the SOth of June, 1798. 
^^ On his accession, Serfogee Maha Rajah had 
^* corrected several abuses, and endeavoured to 
'^ make his subjects of every denomination hap- 

'' Py^ ^y * j^** ^"^ ^^^ govemipent, and he 
^ had been particularly beneficent by furnishing 
*' a large quantity of grain^ for the support of 
'' the poor in their congregation, which had 
^' been a very important and considerable relief^ 
** during a time of scarcity. 

** In the month of October, 1799^ the Rajah 
*^ had signed a treaty by which he transferred 
^ to the Honourable Company the power of ad- 
^ minifitering justice and collecting the revenues 
'^ of the Tanjore country. By this treaty too 
** the two forts of Tanjore were to be entirely 
evacuated by the Company's troops, and hii 
Excettency Serfogee Maha Rajah was at li- 
^ berty to garrison them. The Company's troops 
^/ had accordhigly marched out to Villam, on the 
^';.^h of October, and cm end was thereby put 



^ to the'^Engliflh^ divkie swrice^ perfofned <Mf 
*^ Sundays and Wednesday evenings^ in thcf 
'' ClHirch ef the little fort. Apprehenaions had 
*^ been entertained that the TamuHan divine ser- 
'^ vice there would be disoontinu^d^ and the placcf 
^^ appropriated to the Bvaminft ; bat these fears 
^' had not been wdl^fonnded^ for the Ri^ah had 
^' not only given them leave to p»form the Ta- 
^' mulian service there^ bat had also promised 
'^ to protect them against all molestation. 

'' The defeat of Tippoo Sultan, and the re* 
*' duetion of the fort of Sirengapatam^ (nndev 
'^ the- command of Lieutenant General Harris J 
and of the Mysore country, had opened a 
great door to make known the glad tidings of 
tlie Gospel to the inhabitants of an extensive 
** country ; and it was their fervent prayer that 
^' God might Send faithful labourers into his 
vine3'ard, and cause the light of his glorious 
Gospel to shine amongst these poor heathens; 
^' that they might be turned fix>m darkness to 
^' light, and from the power of Satan unto God. 
*' The Rev. Messrs. Kolhoff and Holtsbei^, in 
'* a letter dated at Tanjore, the 2Sd of May; 
'^ 1800, state the severe loss which they and 
^ the mission had suffered by the death of Mr; 
'^ Jsenicke ; his brethren and feUow-ktbourers ob- 
^^ serve; that fi^m the time of his arrival in' 
^' India, till seized with .that dreadful sickness 
^^ the bill fever^ he had pursved his work in the 




"^ MisiiM wHh fieirviDW wid deKght H« ww a 
gm«i fatefliiiig to the coiigwgatkm and school 
at l\M|jore, and a h«ppy inslniiaant finr Ihe 
eiyargement of the kingdom of Cfarat^ in the 
'^^cenUaribt to.the soalhlraid^ where he erected 
'^ eetemt churches^ eetabUthed sdioak, and had 
''. libDured with aU his strength to instruct the 
^ %noiaiit, to aiwafcen tie eat^lessj, and to ani^ 
^ nata e?eiy one ta waUc worthy of his holy 
^' profession ; and it is rttnarkahle, they observe^ 
^ thai poefiousl^to his deparfnre he siHNdd have 
'^ been enabled to tMt all those places^ whers 
^ he had before preached the woid of God> to 
^* warn and exhcnrt the people who had bera in« 
'^'^ stmcted a<kd awakened by his ministry. The 
grsat endowments of his oiind^ the excellent 
disposition of his hearty and his zeal for the 
^^ ghMry of >Ckid^ and the good of sools, had 
given them cause to lament his eariy deadi ; 
and/it was a matter of especial s<mtow to them 
^ timt l»eh an afliycttng stroke should so soon 
'! have<foH<lrwed the severe loss^ which they and 
^^ the -JtfissiM had sustained by the lamented 
^< 4telh'Ofite venerable Bfr. Swartz; but, they 
^ <knew'tt^to be their duty to humble themsekes 
^M>efore -tum, who is the Lord and head at hit 
*f\ cfaun^ h«ui to submit to ail his ways and A\9- 
*' pensatioBg^ which^ though unsearc^dUe^ are 
^6 i^ayg bDly^.wise^ and good/ They pray that 
'^.God may mercifoUy look upon the afflicted 



^' 9tote of the MtisioR; thut be may be ihcir 
'^ helper and proteetor ; and supply bis cfantch 
^' is that country^ mtbeUe and feithfld Isb- 
^^ bottren! 

'' The woik of the Mission^ by G^'s asMt- 
^' ance^ wimi carried on as wsmi^ and they ware 
about to make soBie regulaUons for.tha betler 
education of gnk belbngmg to the wgri ^ a ^ 
tionji and to tx^eel chapeki for the acconamida- 
^ tion of Christiaaa resident wiertward of Tan« 
*' jore, partienlars of which they poiposed' tii 
^ detail in a subsequent letter. 


'' In the account for 180U the Rev. Mr. 

^' Gericki^ in a letter dat^d at Vepery^ Oololier 

^' 9, 1800, states that the difiicttlties he had been 

^' put to, in rebuilding Cuddalore Church, he had 

^' been enabled to surmount, by means of the 

^' salary he had received from government, for* 

*^ attending the sick, and officiating at the Naval 

^' Hospital ; which salary amounted to the aufci,. 

^' or thereabouts, he had expended upon the 

'' Church, For his services at the Naval Asy- 

'' Inm, where the Admiral himself had often at« 

'' tended hin|« he piously observes, he had been 

^' well rewarded, by the attention thitf bad.bcm 

^' paid to them, 

'' Hia ootitia foe th^ preceding yeitr, are at 
^^ follows, viz. 


^ At Madras, in the Malabar congregation, 
'^ there had been 
'' Baptized^ — 36 Chfldren and 9 adults. 

Married, — 6 Couples. 

Buried, — 20 Corpses. 

Communicants, 108, on Elaster-day. 

^ Besides Malabarians, there had been 
" Baptized, — 31 Children of European 

" — *- — 10 Ditto of the Portugucze 

'^ — — — — — 8 Ditto of other nations. 
/' Received, — 3 Converts from popery. 
Married, — 28 Couples. 
Buried, — 16 Corpses. 
''Communicants, 63, on Easter-daj. 
^' Besides the administration of the sacrament at 
'^ the usual times, there had been ai^ extraofdi- 
*' nary communion, four times, with Engfisl| 
«' people, who had particularly requested if, a^ 
^' their departure to distant places. 

» ' 

f' M Cudtlalore, there had been . ' ^^ , 

'_"Paptized, — ''. 17 Childrep, ^nd 1 adpU, 

"'"Buried, ., — .7. . .. ' , 

, ' *' Married, r— 5 Couple. ^ 

" At Negapatnam, there h^d been . . 

^' Baptized, — 16 Children/and 1 adi|lt.. 

" Buried, — 41. 


*^ At Pupicot^ there had bc^ 

'' Bapti^e^^, , — 16 Chjldren^ and 5 adults 

.».^in the PortugucjKe 
/ congregations. 

'' — ~r-T- — 9 J^itto i» the Malabar, 
'^ Mr. Pffizold^ during his stay at Samulcotta, 
and Jagemaikpooram, had baptized 16 chil- 

'* In the southern countries several new 4u>a« 
^^ gregations had recently sprung up^ since he had . 
'' visited them., * At pincl^aJ^ a chapel had been 
'I erected at the ^penci^, of* the opngregatiqp ; 
and at Madura^ th^t fiunous ^nd populous 9a« 
pital^ a: chapel was £^^ l^uiit^ rel|itive 
to which^ Mr. ^eriche .was (ojresppnding with 
'^ a gentleman resident; ^erg. Mr. Geripk^'s 
advice^ smd the : goodness of bis brethren, so 
readily to receive it^ to make Sattianaden^ the 
country priest, inlirely: an itinerant teac^r> 
and to go to the expence of his journies^ and 
to eas<( his mind<if a debt he had contracted, 
to the amount of 60 pagodas, had been at* 
tended with a. particular; blessing. Some hun- 
dreds h&wl b^en instructed and baptized by him* 
But this blessing increased his care and anxiety 
how to provide all the^e places with fiUthful 
'' labourers, who would do their duty prbpei; ly, 
" without being continually animated by the 
'^^ pr^ence of a Missionary. To Dibdegkl, Mr^ 
\[ Pohle had sent a catechist from Trichinap^ly, 




^' to nurture the new con^gatioit^ tfter Sattm- 
^ nftden left it Fer Mftdimt thej^had not yet 
'^ found one. S&ttianaden was then at Tanjore^ 
^' where Mr. Gericki intended to meet him ; and 
^ frcmi thenee Sattianaden wag to go to Mada- 
'< lore, one of the oongregntftms far sonthward, 
^ where a number of fkmifies were Wlnthig for 
" him, who had been instmcted by the c^e- 

'* diists to administtt baptism. 


'^'Mr. 6erick^-« nofitki of duty fat the ytar 
" KOQ, detail that there had been, m the IVh- 
" dras Malabar cotfgnegatioir, 
- " Baptized, -^ ^ Cbadren, andd-addts. 

** Married, «- ' 5 Gouple. 

"Buried; • —17. :...'. 

" Cofmnranicants, 143, on -Easter-dky. ' 

• • • . , » " 

^ » « ^ m 

" In die English and Portugaez^ bongf«gdtS9tM, 
*** there had "been • • • ' 

"Baptised, — ^ CSiUdhen elf ftoibpean 

extrtiction. '"' '" 
■ " and 10 Of'PortttgtieBe ; hwWes 

• ««• '. .-■ — 7 Adults, ot'divcA'Na- 

' ' ^ Married, "— 32* Couple. '"^ "' 

" '^ Bur ted, ~ T8, besides 50 saiTorsr^ who 

- ^ "■'■ . " died^' in ' the Navd 


• '^Comnmmcints, 63, on Easter-day. 


4 .-»» • 


*" B^§titif^y>i> -^ 9 ChUdron eC Eliitepew 
■ ...i. . .' '■n.r . • .'■•■ .extwetioa. 
«'-_ y..^ .,; — ,; .4.<H- the MAtebftC «aii- 

• ■ ■' • ■ • f -.' •■ • ■ • * 

^ At N^gal^tttiavi;, Ikere lieul been . 

"Buried^ " t-<M Sfll:- • ; ..ji:..:'J.. 

** AtYdDomhelttd baptized six childmi; and 
'' wt Artee) stMnnpec, at .Miil«m^<JBt Pi«|i»> 
f' gll^ at Sadras, iad ai PttlM<9>A' ^ ^»»^ ^d*"^ 
" nisteKid baptine^ t» eloidrea, ip aU ^ sama 
«* of JBnrepflaftastira^on, wiae Portagueze, and 

ft.ojbea Mahhariawa '' • - 

/" Afr. Ck«icl4 in. anothfir l«tter^. dated- at 
*^ Vipefy, July 8t 1801, stata^ that he had 

\tfijot lo Tanjoue, to^ ifcei 3ftttian(^e^, <9ad to 

(ionfinr viiHi^^ the li^ltanMtanei^ aBd!,.w|tit him, 
f ViAiit ooacentt of U»t MiMioB, and thie se- 
*' vcai. opngngK^oiiB dependent on it in the 

Twfn% cAuatiy, •ii.d,4owj»;^.,fi(Mif^tha 


'^ end of tb« pMtli»Qlii. ' -^iMilMMlf^^: 4le-^ 
'i ricki states, "^I be^ kaire to*sendas|MlQl4)Mtai 
'^ Seifogee MatMi,- A^ah of Tiiijore^ and to 
" recommend its contents to tlie B ap ticty r* No 
son can tn^ea gipater regtfd for his ftither 
Jthan this good Hindoo had' fdr M t i Sw a rtz, 
and still has for his mflinorjr/ In ttasjUbMse 
of his journey, Mr. Gerttke had atopped *at 
Tnuiqaebar, to confer with the bfethren 
there; how best to^fMTide ftf -tile jnittitatkKis; 
they had so much at heftrt. Betapeflft le- 
tarn, Tranquebar had been captured by the 
Bnglish } on «rhieh ocoesia», the Danish Mis- 
sionaries* neqnested his retnm. He aecdtd* 
Ingly retiitlfisd and went with theBi4e4lio*cMi* 
mandant^ to whom -they delivered a.sMitoent 
'^ concerning the Misoion, which th^ hadljlieea 
"' desired to do ; and they haAbeentsnuih pieriied 
^ with tile panigntph in tbe aMwer snst hf.%0^ 
"*' Temment^to the coiaBiaKda]]^ iespeetiii^ihe 
^ Mis^ioiiai4es^ and were yvy thankfitL r r: ' 
<* In a P. S. t(^tbis letter/ dMed Jsdy:9l^ Mr. 
'' Gericke states, that the Mifesionaaes at Vu^ 
^ jore, had for some time been^ asud^ stU wire 
'^ in' trobble, by means of theHsbellioiH^'liiMl 
^ prinee^to the south; that the congiiigaiuiii 
"'*tn those- parts had: «uff»ed gMat dUttanns 
'^"fmfh^ll^ir Enemies in ^veral fdam^; fcsdbiefi 
^<' - pTundeAd, c^ifvftned, mid tortamd'r'tkteatiae 
^'of* the little chapels had bera dasiaroyyd^ 4tnd 








*' the books'iih them burned-; itmt-many had been 
*' obliged. to hide thenoselves in the woods; and 

that it appeared not yet how these troubles 

would termtn^te. \ 

\\ ,Thp letter jfrofD the Rajah of Tanjore, eii- 
'' cjl^ 10 Ihat from Mr. Geriek^ is coophed 
'f ift tkejMlQifiQg terms : 

'^ Tq iM H^mmrahle Society for Promoiitig 

^'Ofiriatian Knoofl^dge: 
Honoufeble Sirs^ 
I . have requested of your l^issidnsiries ta 
^' wk*ite to yoa^ their sup^iore and friends^ and' 
'' tO' apply to you in my name^ for a raonu* 
'^ ^ent of marble, to be erected in. their churchy 
Itei is in my capital and residency, to perpe^ 
taate the. memory of the late Rev* Father 
Swartz, and .to manifest the great esteem I 
have §ift the character of that great aooid gtwd 
man^ and the gratitude I owe him, my fyditer, 
my frieod^ the protector and guardian of my 
)pmlk ; and now I beg leave to apply to yott 
^myself, and to beg that,* upon my acooaat^ 
^ ytm \ will ooder such a monument for the )at» 
:Sevaiiend Missionary Father Swartz, ,to be 
mfAh wA to be sent out to me, that it may 
Jaie &MBd to the piUar, that is next to the pul- 
'^^jfH i&doi which . he preached. The piliani e£ 
"fjyha jafasrch «k about twx> cubits broad. 





1 io s<;»d to tUi$'.€ouT)try 8it9h.^]\r((i^'^5knfifi9s ^^9 

I am, IIoiiouislM^ Sijvs, ..; f .j;ij ^JJ 
■* Youi'9, faHi)fulI)5 av)cl ti'uljvj • 

flVniDrc, May 28> 1801. 

1. •• 

f<*T^* .;-:--«* '\i^^ oc loni ^' 

. I I -.'C I 



' 'VJSast-liidi^ M Vision Committee tiiat thC) wn- 
'f teuts of thfe letter from tlie Rajah, of, Tan* 
VjpEe, do bear strong testimony to tbe bigb 
*' . character, of the late worty and invaluahle jVf^r. 
y fiionary Mr. Swartz ; tliat it will be pj^opejc^ta 
" coipply with.tlfc request of hi$ Highne^; afid 
''. thai B<,epg be taken by the Committee to have 
X a suitable monument coufitructed^ as 6001}/ a» 
may be^ and tbat the same be sent out to T^n^ 
jore^ tp be placed in the Mission Churcti 
'\ there. ^ 

^ '*',At Tanjore the increase of, the cofigregai^ 

(^ tipn Uie precediugyear was as follows; 

;^^*f Children born in (he congre^tion find .. 

, . r. bajptized, - - - •, i& 

^^ " Jioatheus propcfl^^ iastiticted aiid bap-,^, ^ . 

p r*' tized, - - - - - .94 

^S\. Convert^ from the Ramish Comraunioai J7 

" In a P. S. to this letter, Mr. Kolhoff rennestii 

^' that a planetariuiQ Jpay be purchased, and 

" sent out to him, and that the charge may be 


'^' dWtiWcd ttdttk hi$ saferj^- t\ik dotiety-lidif- 

•^"^ tv%r a^cfefdtb'j)UTchase the pten^taHUttiy And 
'' it has been sent't^ Mr. 'Kolhoir/cb il ^reiMmt 
" to the TanioreiVlisiion. ' ^ > 

'' TIte' Rtir.'tiie! Danish Missioharies, m % 
letlif '^t5^d '^l TrahqWb», 22d February, 
1801, acknowledge that they bad'liaurd of the 
safe arrival at Madras, of the presents from 
^^ i|he Societf io their Mission, which they Vera 
*^ ift daily ^ei^eMation of receiving from thencel 
* '^^^Atnidst some diBtressing and dlscoumging 
^ Circumstances, they had not been altogether 
'' ' destitute of others tending io exhilArate then^ 
'*' and to produce that rejoicing in tlie Lord, that 
^ ftimished support under calamities. Not only 
^' the Rajah of Tanjore, and the resident there, 
*' Mr: Torin, had shewn very kind dispositions 
" towards the Missionaries, ' but the collector of 
'^ the country, Mr. Harris^ had furnished some 
'' much wanted accommodations to the country 
'* catechists, and had likewise published an order 
tliat the Christians might not again be pre^ 
vented from attending oiv Sund&Lyb upon divine 
service, nor be molested in any respect on ac" 
'^ ^ount of their religion, nor be forced to assist 
^ at heathen feasts, and in heathen ceremdnietr. 
'" During the j^receding year, thete had been, 
^ in the Tranqhebar Mission, 






*' Baptized —.21 HpatU^ns; incladhngr S 

GafiVtfis, aad S Ma- 

*' — . IGl Childncn bora: ivt tlie 

congtcgatJon^ • 
"Marriea, — 34 Couple. 
: Buried, — S^ 

Communicants, 1115 = 

ScliooICTuIdren, 200 



■ " In the account for 1802, Mr. Pscxold stttes, 
^' that he had been requested by Dr. Knapp^ of 
'' Halle, to contribute his share towards a life 
*' of the late Mr, Svvart^^ which he had readily 
undertaken, having from p'ersonal iutercoutse, 
and credible report, had Ihe dpi>ortunily of 
'' knowing his atfainraents, his virtues, his piety, 
'' and his labours. He had accordingly di-awii 
♦' u][) an account of some of the most riiemorable 
transactions. of thi* worthy Missionary, in the 
German language, which, he ti^usted, would 
be acceptable to those who revered the uopre- 
codented labours and faithfulness^ the piety, 
and hcavenly-mindedness of a man, whose 
death must be deemed itn irreparable loss ta 
^' the Mission ; and his MSS. had been sent to. 
'' Halle^ and to the Rev. Mr. Ubele, of London, 
" Mr. Gerickc r^ports, that in the JMalabw 
'* Chnrch at Vepery, there h^ been barn aad 






*^ baptised, during t!ic past year^ 34 infiinls; 
'^'AiiU it had i^ceiv^d an increase of IS adults^ 
one of wliom had been a IMahometan ; 23 lia^ 
been buriccj^ and 1) "couple had been married. ^ 
^' Mr. Oericke laments the want of more as^: 
*' si^tance at Tanjore. ' ' How happy a tfiiiig-/ 
*' he obsenes, ' would it be, if God were Jo 
'' furnish a faithful Missionary for the assistance 
'' of Mr. Kolhotf, and anotlier of two for th.e 
congregations southward of Tanjore. It is 
delightful to see tlie growth of ttie TanjorQ 
Mission, and the southern congrcg-ations dc; 
pendqnt on it. The inhabitants o^ whole vil- 
*'. lages flock to it. What a pity that there .ar9 
*' npt labourers for such a great and delightful 
*^ harvest! At Jaffna, and all the coast of Ccy- 
'^ Ion, there is another great harvest. We have 
\* sent such of our native catechujts as could 
'' he spared, but many are required for that e:^; 
*^ tensive work.' , " 

* '' He'afeo mentions that they were then print- 
*\in55 ^. ^^^V ^'lalabai* grammar; and that if 
^J, "{rod shouW spv€ bis life^ he intended ialso iff 
*/ pj/blish a new Malabar Dictionary, to facili; 
r W? *^^ learning of that language, in whic^ 
"»raany young gentlemen, in the Honourabjp 
\' .Company's service, were then er^gaged. Thij 
f language, he reports, was to b^ taught in thp 
" iiew Colleffe at Calcutta ; and he had recom- 
'' mended Mf Pficiold to be the teJchcr, a^^ the 


'^ b^t qualifiedjiatiumgiM: tlieiEurcy^ 
ing Uie elder :Mi^ionarfe^;j»5h0»Jb^ «Uade- 
diiicd the proposal, to teaobiit::.two^cirlbr0e 
'M natives of. their Con^egati^Qi «ib!V€)pfry^;ittere 
'Vto accompany Mr« Psezold^.fi^iaa^isyt^Liijta 

Mr. PflBzold, in. another letter daitfl^iiCal- 
culta, Sept. i6, .1802, detoils, the giri(?pin- 

^' Stances of his removal from .Yepieay, ,iA)(]ffdcr 


to teach the Tamulian language, » inthftpirowly 
instituted college at Calcutta. Oa t^q J3th 
^' of April, he and Mrs. Pasrald arrived Ifet the 
'^ to^vn of C5aIcuttfiL, and werei kindly rejccivcjl by 
.^' Mr. G, S. Hutteman, SuperiatwdeiU.oC the 
*' Calcutta Free. School, wlio intrpdaced l^ifli to 
'^ the Rev. David Biown, P/oyqsV of thi^Coi- 
^^ lege. He soon heard ttiat 4oubti wcr^. enter-* 
^' tained whether tlie Tamiil laa^ua^e wpuld be 
^^ l>rought forward upon tba large scajie^, as at 
first intended. At Ienglh> kowQVer^ h»\ re^ 
Reived an order from the • Secretary of the 
Coun4^il ef the CoQege> to oommdncei his 
^^ coursp oi Iceidrea on the I9tb -OfjiM^y^' 
^<^ wbich be accordingly bad ^onfc i^ith 50s,.st«* 
^' dents.. 'These py.hl&clectur^'>vr«r9 coatl^ittecl 
^' iwicei a ^b^k^ ; land some stiiidetiil J)($ilectured 
'^^ prvra|)eiy at> his own lodlgip^.! iln jtb<9. month 
'^ of 'Juntij th^e avrivedx al/^dt^ne^ 
^"^ an dv!er)aiid (dispatch : from CoglaPad^) 2 tnaas^ 
^* mitting i^ii expr^ tordcil from , 4he <QotBt 
^^ pf PirectoJnB; for 'Ihe imm^dial)^ . reftiwou gf 

^qtituiOdlkfsfr: ^ ^jTiUt G8(abii<dimc]i£:.'iu{^eiltiYdyi 

'^'mof^ iittmedififctely given &pf but in tlic^jeverit 

'^ ^ of its dokiti Auanoei it became (loublfuL ivbd- 

^'^ 'ther ^ the ' lAng'MgHis spoken oh the ctmit 

^* would be- pertQiUied to niai<e a branch of tlicir 

^^ ][>Kil0lo^ieal studies; and e^ theie ivas no 

^^'ipi*6ipe^ of his being employed in the Bwrtu- 

^^^ >giieae cong;regation^ at the.herctofore IViistsiou 

f^'Gkxncb in Calcutta^ it beouac certain ths^ ho 

'^ inu^t soon return to the Co^jL 

•^'^* The Rev. Mr; PoWc, in a letter dat^d at 

'^- t'richinapaHyy*Pebruary23, 1803,6tate«timt, 

^*ia tWe course o€ the preceding jcar^ he had 

"^ bap tiffed 34, (of wliom four vrcrc aduU liea-r 

'^' (hl[^ns) buried 12$, natives and Europeans^ and 

''nnamed 13 eowple. 

■J . M Yhp j{ey , the Danish Missionaries, in a let- 

■^ -fef dated atv-Trnttquebar, Jai^uary 12, 1809, 

yi ^tefdlly acknawiedjje t\ie receipt of preients 

:^ihfiionitht SMieLy. the precedit^g year^ Tli^y 

-^ ifieiiliiMV tlie Jvery ArouraMe circusn^lances 

t^'4'Iat^had: attended 'itl)cif Mission^ aud.t^qm- 

^H^HaVsFc^, iff the political ehan^ that li^d last 

L 99. .y^nfp jocenfred at Tra«i^bar. . By order of 

b9':ali(^iIStigiiih>C!0yenuiiseiit, the Mission })ia4 re^ 

fi^^^^bi^^ ih fatt pi>aBessi0a ef its forau^f privi- 

X^^)^^i^'ai<d ivdn an- inoreast Off them,wis ge- 

*9!^>iieroi}% suggested; &xld Qol CaiApbeU^. and 

- 'IS^s >9tlccfttK>^ CW. ',CuH«nixbad been particu* ^ 

**'-•* %¥iy¥inft'tft-4tem; other gentlemen toii> had 





'f tMsml Itathmi their good' 0^4^. • Mk €(e-* 
Wck^ hadr befen with them^ For ia* <6f* SAys^' 
i^hen tm his joanrey tcy^-anjore*' by w1i6se' 
'f icW and piety they had' beem much ^iAnd, 
iespecially in the cipi:uinstanc06 Mtcndmg^ Ihe 
'iidnferemce- at 1\itiJoM/ Ttie)/ hopfed td «ee 
' bhn a^ain/ when 6n 'his johrriVy to P^dhi- 
' cotta, and the ci<h(ii^tsouthel-n'' districts/ to 
' collect a^n, and' comfort 'th€? con«Ti?gatl<ins 
that had beien dispersed, :and pefdbcut^d, T)y 
some great enemies of Christianity, ^nrJhg 
the dreadful' rebellion' bf the Polyiprs: I'he 
** Rojah of Tanjorc had recently been at Tmn- 
^ quebar, and hadhrnourcA the senior Mission- 
*'*' ary ^vith a visit. In seveiral' conversations with 
'' him, particnlarly in his tent, he had distoYcreef 
'•' the most tender and filial remembrance 'olF the 
^' late Mr. Swartz^ and expressed much firiend-^ 
ship for Messrs. Gericke and Koihoff, aud for 
all the Missionaries, in wliom he discovdted 
^^. tlie same sentiments and zcaK Htf expressed 
^ his wish, and had declared on sevei^l dicta- 
'*^ sions/that none but such as would follow the 
Steps- of Mr. Sivartz, and were like him/ at 
east in piety, might be sent out to the Mission: 
The piety of Mr. Kolhoff's >no<Jier had xe^ 
''. f oipmended her to the Uajah's atteritioil^ and 
^' had induced him to take her second son into 
his service as a writer. Their lengthened and 
^* various con veraatron with the Rajah had «nd^ 












'5ot9 1||0^ miUflwii .satiafoftion botii of him ftn^-of 
^^ tbi^iai9elv68. There se<imB to be; tSiese wbrthy 
'^vMbeionari^obServdj' an^ evident' and srEadnal 
t^.pire|>aration> in India, 'for the reception of tiie 
'' Gospel. If a fiufficieiit Hutnber of ^io(is la- 
'^ l^ourers could bef sent into their vineyard^ the 
.happiest effects, they doubt ndt^ would sdon 
appear. In the mean While, they are thank- 
ftil for what God hath hitherto done amonicfit 
'^ them. In the last year/ IfiS had been bcip- 
V tized, amongst whom were 31 heathens of 
^' different countries in Asia and Africstr 88 had 
died ; 18 couple had been married : and lOOO 
had been admitted to the Lord's Supper ; 6nd 
<^ more than 300 children continued to be \xxr 
*^ structed In ttieir schools. 

•' The Rev. Mr. John, one of tbe Danish Mis- 

* ■ - ^^ 

f' sioriaries, in a letter dated at'Tranijueb^r, Fe- 
^'bruary 1, 1803, expresses their exultation a^ 
^< the happy returti of peace, which, he tru^ted^ 
^^ would kad to the greater propagation 'o^ 
^^ Christ's rrflgion^ in India and at Ceylon/ Thq 
ff.kiud (hsposition of many gentlemen of rank 
ff-ani influence, and of the Goyernor at Cey- 
'^.16i|/fli6 Hon. Fred. North, to protect ftnc^ 
'1 forward the Christian ttellgion^ the sciences, 
f/.'and tbte wdfate of the natives, AtiH, he Ifopes^ 
ft. become* more general/ and thdy who hav6 it 
?' n/thcir'.t>ower to become instrumental to tins 
^^l^loui work) will gradually be convincedj^ 

I ■ 



^^"^^ of all tn«fi/ e^al to tiia« Whid^ Qbribti^ify 

i^^ fiu-^isfies. The Imrvest m Ilfidia he d^Hb& 

-^^ to be i[u)\f grtot^ and wanting fiothiiig hA ^ 

^^ greater degree (^ ^ncourag^eisient from ^le 

'^'rulers of the country, who couM xnA Imt^r6- 

^^ fit by the inculcation of that beneficent rufe 

^* of the Gospel upon the minil9'Of tbew'niiir- 

^' bertess subjeetB, ^ Fear God and botioof :^he 

if^King/ ' I never complain/ he »ys> ' of tbfe 

slow success the Christian* religion h^ had, 

since the beginning of the MiEsioni through 

96 ycar^i but I aiimire and thank God forUhfe 

progress qf which I have becgei wftnessy dutin^ 

' *' tliO' 30 y c4]LrG[ I have been here^ observing; dti 

^almost geAei^l esteem for; andapprobaiidi^ df, 

^^ the Divine doetrine/ though Iheir political ailtt 

*** feimiiy €6nnections still (eep Che-muhitude (A 

^ the people from embracing it. I-»ee %jth 

"^ pleasure an extetisivjt increa^ of thi& Missidta 

'* congregations/ partk:uUrly. fKM* TahjotB «n 

"Cape Cormorin, and in the interier patii Of 

•^' the country ; fend a jgradaal decreasenoftthie! 

' *' deslructtve difference between^ thi' <artts,^s ^ 

* number of those instwdtfed 'hi Ih^ Miwiou 

*** stihool* We^ rfaet* with ; hotieuTaWe^em^oy- 

^ ttcnts/ without *dvertiii^tbthpir«g&s»>.^.whidi 

•' formerty cbiild' rnrt tak* pliiie^ itt 4h<«rt/a 

'^^ iimcfr grea;ter preparktl(m\ of tlM^^ ^ndiUns for 

-^ iiccfepting tlie 'iaiutArjif do$tl^»ejbifrfJ^the>iGo^ 


/T, I pel. TijbN: kiiki (iiafmilioni vH»ch the JK^ah 

Y^i*l:.T^jp50.Mm afedwa to,ibe Mi^smn^^iefc,. on 

/^J^yerjf. occasiQWi jhaj^ also a.,gpod effect j^wid 

/;' bid s^^Umoivt^ ;are not far frpm those of n 

^fjCamfdiw, tbough he idare not. do ipor>a than 

.'fV he. .4068^ yoi tlie midst of the tir%mm,. who 

'f^j,suxroond» and >fho would soon find ont,iB«an8 

'fi iQ destf 0)c liim^ if he 4id, par religiou3 hpol^ 

V' and tceatiies ate distr ibuted^ and read through; 

^f out the. country ! and many njojfe ai^ a4ke4 

^^ for than we ure able to give.' JL^tterly^ he 

ffl^had sent n number of £ng;li8h and Tamnl 

f ^ book9 to JaSba^ where Cht^lstjan Davl^^ wlio 

.ff hod been inrov^ht; up in tiie ^Tranquebar sqIiooI^ 

ift> and wa3< a, cat^cfaist at Tsinjore^ had been 

f^ placed a9 a. sort of catechistj hy the Hon. 

/f ilov. Northi under. the dire^on of theReVj 

If Mr. C!i(^rdinnr. On^ bundf)e4 ^und tbirty-dtx 

f* Ihowadd Ghriati»n6^ . and, .(hijrty^&pc cburfrhes 

f^ laad sefaoobi hesay^i fa*e in. need of provision; 

iff anclheatbcnfi are cnrery y?ar baptised., Mom 

*^ rt^chiaia ^nd scbool-ma&ters bad be&n dc^red 

^ from Twft^uibaB^ than tUey could furnish; 

/'-as the Tifcmul audi Por:tug;n»e. schAoI-boyB^ 

/' vAKk had karned to ^peak .pnd 19 /fvrit^ an 

^f Ejnropetin huguagej w:ere snatched fyf^ them, 

'^M ito'fiooQ aa i)}Qy had been admitted to tbp. i^^ord^a 

J* Sujtpep^ ^t.the^age of 14. or 15 years, ... . 

;" The gi^niN^Oftity .of :th0; Society in fiirniabin^ 

f. Iheir priiUii]^ pr^sa^ and bookbinding office. 


'* Willi p»per and other articlesr/ tli£y ccpisidercd 
'' Co be a vast blessing to the countrjr,^aud s^ 
^^ gfieat means of prdmolmg Christian fcriowledg^, 
•^ They were also parficulariy fltankful f6r the 
'^ supply of books*, Vvhich had been of einincnt 
'"^ service ; and he aolicits a conlinuancc of the 
'^ Society** attentiofn$ to them. 

"' He niention^^ with much regret^ the death 
*' of one of their worthiest Ghristians/ Daniel 
Pulley, a mati of much consiaeratioh ip many, 
points of view; wiiose memory will long re- 
f main a blessing to those ' Christians who are 
awakened to follow Jns example, ar^d to pb; 
serve the regulations, which in |iis " time ija^ 
^ been established. ' '' He belbngcd to . thbs^ 
respected Christians^ wliorri an unknown re- 
spectable friend mentions . m Kis letter to tl\(} 
Rev. Pr. Vincent, published in tlie Socieiy's 
*' account of tlic year 1800; '^and 1 'rejoice^' 
' Mr. John kays, ' that the Mission finds impar- 
'' tiajl judges, amongst those 'gcntlembh^ vf ho 
!' stand ia no connectron Witli it ; who ' defi?nd 
** the Mission, and oiir Christians, with much 
'^ reason, against so diany 'miiust /^liiraaflver- 
^'sions, and shew the great advAulage the 
^ wb^ole country would derive, fconi Ihe' mo- 
*'. jtoolion of ChHstianity auiongst the nativesi' • 
/^ Applidatians liaMc; repeatedly, been made to 
" the. reyjerend and very rcspectabk? prafc«sbrt 
^^ at H»Ile, iti. Saxony, to fiirnish tbe.Sbciety 



'^ Tvitb some hew Missiijnatrics/ conforrpaWy to 
^f the anxiooB wishes of tlic wMliy MisSioiiarics 
'*f jh India; to co*oi)eiate With them in the work 
'', aivd labour of love; wherein they are 30 zCal- 
V ously fen^ged, attiongst thrf heathens^ but> 
those applications have hitherto failed of suc- 
cess. It is hoped, however, that suitable can- 
'^ didatca in Theology Wfli yet be found to 
*' carry on this good work ; to spread the know- 
*' ledge of Christ to those who still sit in daj'fc-- 
ncss ; and to sliave the cai'es, and alleviate the 
burdens of those gocSd and laborious pien; 
who have long been Engaged in the service 
^^ of the Mission ; and who sensibly fed the loss 
*' they have sustained by the lamented death of 
the invaluable Mr. Swartz, and subsequently 
that of the worthy Mr. Jaenickc." ; • 





'Mn the account for 1803, the Rev. Messrs: 
Kohlhoff and llolzberg, irt a letter dated at 
Taiijore, 29 Dec. 1S02, state that Aey had 
not only attended to the coiigregations and 
Rcboob in that place, but that they and. their 
native assistants had made several journics to 
piublish the word of God in vaj'ious to\*^ns and 
villages of the Tanjore province, and that 
they had the pleasure to report tfiat;^ by tl\« 
blessing of God, several ne^v congrrg-atibi]^' 
had Very lately bee u formed. A I Kiuiaudagudi,' 



cast fiiDflQ^fnemjodrOi arbeuti^QifiiMtliesShal cbm^ 
"^:iQM\^c resolution: <tf .renotfncihj^lhe^r^obshipror 
'llheii* dttiDbtf^> end lotiO'iinntaiQod: i> After' 
't b»vhi^^ beefv^ catefially instnwteiih tke^titiihs 
'' lof the Chrisiiaii. religion^ they.^indre adiMtted' 
'' into the congregsition by holy baptism^ jntt^e 
" jCo^rsfQ of the last year. At Adanjour^a'nUfi^ 
'' about 17 miles north-west from Tanjore^ nihe 
'' families, consisting of 27 souU, liad Ttdeit^' 
'^ baptism, in July and November last, alter* 
'' previous instruction ; and, theK bding seraral^ 
'^ Christian families resident /within two or tiii^e' 
*' miles of it^ they had. erected a tMAp0nury' 
'' buildings, consisting of mud waUs, and -a 
" thatched roof, for Divine worship, and bad 
^' stationed there a catechist assistant, vrho had 
*^ b^en found fi^ithful in the discharge of Kis 
" duty. At Loi'aloori vrhich lies five miles firdm 
*' Tanjore,.6eten families, consisting of 90 souls,' 
'' had been brought to the knowledge of the 
Gospel ; and there being some Christian fami- 
lies in the neighbouring villages, a neat brick 
land tiled chapel had been erected for the lie- 
'' ncBt of these Christians, by a member of their 
'' congregation, named fiandoshee PuUey, >fho 
'' ' held an employment in the Company's serviced 
*' The lihapel wm finished during Mr. Gerick^'i 
I' progress through the country, and St*'*waf 
♦ opened by*bitn:on the 5th:- of November, 



^' niL i> 2; / After tlic. sermon, : 24 ^rsmfe n»* * 
^. chived >tiie Hpiy SacntmMt^ nine of ^vh(jni 
'^^ v^tQfre ibetobcjBs of thiineircafa^isegation.raftd' 
*^ i9 cMecfauBDeM^ ^ip had been 10 iveck^' 
^1 under instwctiob^ were baptized. The ilia-' 
Jority ,of .tbe members of these new congre- 
galit^us are of the Coilary cast^ and proprie- 
'^ tors of lands^ cultivated by themselves. It isT 
'1 will) mucb satisfaction the Missionaries report^ 
•^^. tiiat the Tar greater number of these convert* 
'^>iv^e not ashamed to confess the name, of 
*i Christ, but endeavoured to honour the hoUy 
'^-^ Ijelig^ * they had embraced^ by a conformity 
",. tO:;those sacred truths and duties, in which tliey 
*'. Jwtd been instrueted. 

, : /f: Tbfy were also happy to inform the Society^ 
S.thal;, by God's gracious Providence, they liad* 
6msh^ the. school-house at Tanjore, which 
^' :?jfaji opened the preceding September,, wlkin * 
l^n Holzb^rg preached from Ephcs. vl 4^ on 
the. reciprocal duties of parents and chiJdrdn. 
'^Tbe flchooKhouse, erected on an elevated 
*'.place^ would accommodate above 1000 cbil- 
•fi dren- The Engliih^ tlic Provincial, and 4he 
^, Tamultan ischoob were collected in one plaoe^ 
and could ^ more commodioi)sIy iniipect^d; 
than heretofore,^ and they had also mack 40 (fie 
improvements in the girls' schools. . . t ^ 

'* There being a large (^ongregation at Puda^ 







palte, situated nearly in the emfeer <^ t(H» 
Collary distfict, Westward cif Tanjore, k Imck 

^' and tiled chapel had beeh etected Skiers, and 

opened last July. An able catechist/ educated 

by the late IVf r.' Swairtz, was. sG^tidned 4t Chat 

place, and had hitherto, given satisfacliofi) to 

the Missionaries, by attention to his ddty. 

Various impediment^ had hkhertb liiBde|red 

them from erecting a place for Divine w<MnBli]]p 

at Kanaiida^j^idi ; a small spot of grottod lia^ 

however been purchased, and a tenipoi'azy 

building was intended to be erected as soon as 


'^ The increase of , the Tamuliati congregation 

*' had been (:oiisiderable.. In the year 18D1, 
they baptized SG&^ among who were 50 infieuits 
born of Clu'istian parents ; they bad received 
21 from the Popish communion ; tb^ had ad- 

*^ mmistered the sacrament to 599'persoR8 ; rtiey 
had Qiarried 12 cbuple, and buried .S9 b^ies* 
In the ye&i; 180$, they bad baptized dSS, 
among ^yhom were 63 bom of Chr^i^i^ pa- 
rents.; . tliey had« received ^osa. Popery ^i 
t Wy bctd admiiHstei\ed. the saerament to '385 
persons; .they, had married. SI . coiiple, and 

*' bifl-ied 36 bodies. . . ^ i, 

^ '' There weve .eight, scbokm in the English 
school, and in the Provincial schools xif l^a^re 
t^i jCumbagon am, about 40. ijd the TUpulian' 

'' school^ consisting only o/ children born in 

1 " 






^^^ th^iconfragatioii, iS3 semifiafifiito Vi^e Hi train 


in^ to MTve is telechiiAs, besides whom, tUbre 

^^ were 86 ctefky boys^ 38 day-scholars, and 

!^ 86 girls. 

■ ^ The Missionaries at Tranquebar, and Mr. 

'^ Geridc^ at Madras, had kindly furnished them 

'^'Witb Tamulian books, to the utmost of their 
power, but not adequately to their wants; 
and they had been supplied with Kbles firom 

*' Tranquebar, for the Tanjorc and Palamcotta 

*' Miasions. 

In the month of September, they had btieii 
visited by Mr. Pohle, of whose state of health 
they give a very indifferent account. 
" Mr. Qericke had visited them, after his long 
journey from Seringapatam and Pialamcotta^ 
and during the fortnight he remained with 
them^ he had preached twice to the Tamulian 
congregation, and visited the Christians at 

'< Pudapatta, Buddalore, and Tridiinapally. He 
had reported to them the great increase of the 
coQgregations at Pallimcotta, and in the Tin- 
navelly district ; and agreeably to his requ^st^* 
they intended to send some c^ the seminarists 

^ «t Taii|ore, for the benefit of these neW'Ci6n« 

*' grcgations. 

* '^ They acknowledge the receipt of t)i& stores 

** and presents of the Society for the years 1801 

V and.lSOS^ together with their wdaries aa4 gra^ 





a . 



i t 


Tte IJ^y. Mr. Gmcbe, in ,», ^^t^.dp^^ai. 
7 Vffpeiyx 14 Feb- 18Q3^ infor^ms tb^^i^p^fty 
that b^ ha4 re^ceptly beei^ ^ffu^ tl|e J^ysf^ns- 
f: qoi^try, an4 fb^ncc tq PSilaip^Ua^, «l^¥^i^S? 
aU thsflv coftgregatigns, and that it ha(l^|<»f^ 
'' Gp^toa^vakw a seus^ of religiopin tbp.Jnr 
'^ bal)Uaat8 of whole vilIagea»,insoffitt<fhith%^ of 
'^ their own accord they had sought; inst^ctioa 
'^ from the neighbouring Christians, and, tl^eir 
'' catechists^. and from Sattiana^ffn, pAd.had 
'' wisheA anxiously, for his coming^^ to b^ i^^rther 
iastructedy and baptized. The fkat. of t|]e$e 
f ^uUages^ to ^vlikich he had been c^lle^^ was 
newly bailt bj; catechumens^ who had before 
/' li?ed in nft^bbpuring places, and their Churdi 
f^ was finished, .wbcn^ ho arrived topr^ch,jand 
'^ baptiKe in it In four othei* villages, Uie in- 
/^ habitants be^g. unanimous in. their respji^ion 
of embracing^ the.Ciiristian faith, put ^pay 
thfir idols, .and converted ^tlieir temples, ,iut<> 
Christian Churches^ ^nd Yv;ere ^nstrupttjj^^and 
Jia^^din thwn. For , another new vil^ge, 
:'.»nd Cl^urcb foi; catechufpens^ thajt^^JLived dis* 
^\]^W^ he had bought a piece of glfonnd^ wd 
«*: Wf||rpiqje<< an4 >h«^tizpd injt i^i^^.^^tempo- 
;}sar^jba^e. . On liis. dqpfirture from ,tbj^ Tin- 




V « 


» * . V J • 





requestirig' him to stay i few mdiiths longler, 
** ihd to do irt tfidf Tillages/ what had' bttA done 
'^^iti others. Not conceiving himself at- liberty 
* to do so, he had recommended them to Salti- 
^ ^naden, to the old Catechists. and to the new 
assistants. By these means, (her^ had l»ien 
instructed, and baptized, about twice the nnm- 
^ ber that he had baptized, Which were above 
^ 1300. But, extraordinary as these conver- 
'^ sions of several thousands were, not less extraor- 
" dinary and unexpected was the persecution 
^' suffered from their Heathen neighbours, and 
^^ particularly from some men in office undev the 
^ collector. The very night on which he re- 
turned to Vepery, he received k letter on^ the 
melancholy subject ; and' nothing 'jprerMted 
^' his return to that part of the country, but 
*' serious indisposition. Mr. Kolhoff, howwer, 
^ had resolved to visit the new congregations, 
^' and with the assistant of Mr. Gericke-'s let- 
" ters, he trusted relief would be afforded > and 
'^'the presence Of so good a pastor as Mf. K. 
'^ would tend, by God's grace, to comfort them 
'' all, 'and to confirm and strengthen thfe weak 
^^^ artiOng them. Sattianaden seamed to be i|uite 
*^ depressed at the cruelties exercised upoh the 
'* HUhristians, -and the reports daily brought to 
** hkn from all quarters. One of the congrega- 
^' tioQs had lately written to Mr. Geridne^ tiiM 












Vf€tp it, ndt for Uve fear of Hell, 'ftnd ihe h^r 
of Heaveu> such were their auffi^infis^ tlm^ 
they should, all throw ihcmsclve9 into. the. se^. 

In the Malabar eongpegation at.Vepi^r>% 
there liad been baptized S3 infi|nts, and .1^ 
adul^ ; received from Popery 3, buried , ^ 
married nine couple^ aad at Easter tliere were 
96 communicants',. In the English and For- 
ti(gueze congregtttions, 95 infants and six, 
Adults had been baptized, and one received 
from Popery^ and 66 buried, including many 
English saUofs. On Easter Day 73 had com- 

*' Hiunicated, and at other times fewer. Twice 
tiikey Imd had extraordiimry communions of 
English people. At Pandamaliee, tlie sacra- 
ment bad been administered to 20 Damish pri- 
soners of war, and at another time to 14. 

At Cuddalore, 10 children of European pa- 
rents had been baptized,^ one of Portugueze, 
ai)d five of Malabar extractioiK 

At Negapatnam,. six children of European 
extraction had been baptized^ two of Malabar^ 

^ and. five adults ; one had been received from 

" popery, and 13 buried. 

"At PuUicatj two cliildren had been bap- 

*' tized ; and on his journey he had baptized 

*' foi^r adults at Vellore : at Seringapata^, two 
adults, and four infants of European extr«ic- 
/jipnj fit Dii^degal, spyon .adultfe, a^id.^tl^ee 

f^ifhii^cfl.; thft cqngrei^^tion at th^^ 











*' iltdn^ of 75 soufe, of whom ^ rfeeived flie 

Holy "Sttcrament, Those baptized in the con-- 
gregationis more southward^ and tlie new con-' 
" verts, were re^^istered in their respejctixe' 
'^ Chardies, and in the geneitd book of the 
" Church at Palamcotta. At Sadras^ three 
^' children were baptized. ^ 

" Mr. Gerick^ acknowledges the receipt of 
stores and presents sent out the preceding 
year, which had properly been divided among 
*' the Missionaries. He had abo received the 
'' account of their salaries and benefactions, with 
a bill upon Government for the amount thereof: 
for 4dl which, he desires his best thanks to be 
made acceptable to the Society. 

It seems/ Mr. G. observes, ' that if we had 
faithful and discreet labourers, for the vineyard 
of the Protestai^t Mission on this coast to send, 
wherever ^ ciloor is opened unto us, rapid would 
be the progress of the Gospel. Our native 
^' teachers^ thougli some of them may not be in- 
ferior to us, in the knowledge of the great 
truths of the Gospel, and in the manner of 
communicating them, still their discourses 
xa'rry not that weight with them, that is fek 
Vhen we speak to the natives. They never 
gain that confidence that is placed in An Eum- 
peaii, when they are once convinced that he 
is actually what he exhorts them to be^ VV'it io«t 
^ood Mi^ionaries, true disciples pf tfes«s 











** Christ, from home, the wM ^ th^Mlssiiirt, 
it seems; would lose it^ iie^6ttift>flitvj Mn 
though the nativi^' teachers' iV^rci gobdi1li«flb; 
4nd IVCssionaries, without the s^iHt andMMd" 
qH dirist, and as full of the wafM 'asrdie 
^ natives are, would soon make ihe MiiadiOfi^Ae' 
'^ most graceless thing ima^nable/ * -liJi/'^ 
It has pleased God, Mr. G. obsems/ to 
lead them these several years, through • great 
anxieties with regard to the Mission, 'but tIJey 
have observed and believe, that a kind •Pro- 
vidence watches over it ; and such h'eTjpr as 
seemed absolutely necessary for its ]^esei*va- 
^ tion, has always been furnished in diietkne. 
^' This keeps their hopes alive, and prt?*ients 
^' them from losing their energy. 

'* The Rev. Mr. Pohl^, in a letter dat^ at 
Trichinapally, 10 March, 18(», ackiiow- 
ledges the receipt of the st(u*es and pirestnts, 
'^ salaries and "benefactions, for the two preci^ihg 
yearisi. In the course of the last year, hfe' had 
baptized^ 47* (including five t^eatheiis,^" had 
buried 31 natives and Europeans, and mdrried 
17 couple; and he had had 200 corihm^iVildants, 
including 43 Engfish,* In the EngliisTi MiAool, 
^^ there were al)out 50 'scholars, ahtf fh tli8 Ma- 
" labar school about 10, Tlie'Mifal)*^ cohgre- 
*' gation amounted to 305, and the'Pdrfi^'eze 
*' to 77, all of them in and aboiit TrifcHinapally. 
^vTbe oatechists ind ichoblmastei^ coiifittW in 





^ ,^^4 b^^n ^uUy atjtended to, rAJjibad eiip^cd. 
^[ .gPftd«beaJlth,..cjw:^pting hiti^elf: l^^.lwid bo^tt* 
'1[ 9)ju^)i m<1^9posedi hut wa^thcu ableto^^resuipe, 
'^.l^is.minKte^rialiunctioDs^ both towards tb^ Misr. 
*< piQiv.a^ the garrisoi^ The military were re- 
^ ^larly at Churchy ncAwithstanding their re- 
^^^fiidfiodce at a cpnsiderable distance from it, 
: '.^' The Rev. the Danish Missionaries, in a 
5J .Jetter dated at Tranquebar, 9th Feb. 1803, 
^^ pieknQivIedge the receipt of the Society's prcr 
'' seats s^t out to them tlie preceding yeai*, 
^5 which they consider as encouragements to a 
^^. pevseverance in the faithful discharge of their 
^^ 4Hty; that the spiritual misery of the natives^ 
'^ and the bodily distresses of many poor persons, 
f ^ ^d^y be lesaened. They express au anxiety for 

the receipt of printing paper^ as their press 

.^1^ constantly engaged in working off bpoks^ 

^' £9r tbe use of the Malabar Christians, and 

'*^ l^Ly for. the now congregatioiis, which Jn 

' g;rea,t numbers had recently been baptized, })y 

..Mr. Gerick^, many of whom, not bavrng yet 

bqen able to get books enough for their ^n- 
;^ istniction;,- hftd written the cjitcchism luid 
f ^ Players on palnsyra leaves, which they b9.d,,rc- 
5' . hiear/sed to Mr. Gericke^ in a manner beypnd 
'^ hisaqpeptaijon. 

" Tbetf ^texts h^ J^CT.fille4.with pr^isfi to 
^j God, /oi: fb^e. progress >vhicb the Cf(^pel of 



"and they con^M^red : ^ «/» , fftS CT^r«»Mwry 
" Provi<|ence, tefl«lii]g tQ jtfiej. f^^f^^ipffunf^,. of 
" Chrietian, kno\FMge,..tbat S^ cppfitor, . ipr-a* 
under s^ Christian Gasrc»i^neft4...whipt^..t)^^y 
trusted would lend its bfi^evQMt, m^ pni44<^^ 
^' ing hand to. lessen the perils tl^t h«id atifnd^ 
the reception of Chrifitiaiit,)Cj and .to i^qa^u- 
rage its introduction. Heuce, the nativeB 
*' would learn how to few God^.tQ honour. Ihe 
'' King, to obey the laws^ and to b^eooM^iiidiis^ 
^ trious and faithful subjects^ a^- well as to veject 
'^ their foolish and often most cruel sapevatftiofiff. 
Of the latter^ they had had> withim 4be last 
year^ a striking instance, when two wqinen 
were suffered to be burnt alive^ wiUi tbe ccnrpse 
of the late R^ah^ Amersing ; a dccumstance 
*^ that afterwards produced a series of fantastic 
^ follies. Several women pretended to be pos- 
'' sessed with the spirit of one of the bui^nt 
women J and affected to produce wofiderful 
cures among the sick. The imposition w^as, 
however^ at length, checked^ and the . imposjbQrs 
punished by the collector, and even ,by llie 
present Rajah, Serfogee, ., . , 

^^ Mr. Cam merer had kindly gone tpTaiypre, 
"^ to take care of Mr, KoUioff's cl^i^ge^ whilst 
'^ he was with the new cpugrqga^ion/;, to 
'^ strengthen and comfort tbe^n, in jtheir ^i^tr/s^^e-S 
'^ t^-ougiht on by some Heathen enemi^> who 



^«'«W6'Ih\ligtta^friaiatirho!« VifligeS, wiili" thVir 
'i^'icMeft', had embitic^ thfe Christiain doctrine 
^"arid tonT€frted their pdgoaas into Christian 
***' Churches; aftir having broken their idolt to 
^ *l>leies, tfnd btiried them deep in the ground. 
^'Mtt^ Nelro an* Diodesian, these Heathens 
^* irtipiifeed every theft and mischief to the Chris- 
*^«itttis; ahd;^ ab Heathen chiefs, averse frora 
*^'Ghristiattity, easily raised every complaint 
^^ a^YMt them, some had been chastized, and 
*^ ix^UsAin a pitifol manner. The Uist accounts, 
^ however> they thank God, had hal>pily re- 
'« ported, that the collector yvzs kindly disposed 
*^ to '*be Christians, and had put a stop to Ihe 
^ injustice and machinations of their enemies, 
" Catechists and sdioolmasters, to a certain ex- 
tent, ' ivith Malabar Bibles, Catechisms, and 
other books, had been furnished,"' but there 
' was great need of other Missionaries. They 
^ ii!:onsider themselves bound to assist their 
'^ brethren in the English Missions, ndt only on 
at5cdunt of their pressing necessities, bu^ In 
W^v to tefetify to the Hon. Society their sense 
6{ (he Society's g-oodness to them. They pro- 
fess to have no claim upon the Society's fun4s ; 
they nec^ivt*d each donation, therefore, as a free 
'*• gW, artd only begged their benefactoi-s to coii- 
'^^' tinue that generosity to them, which their 
Mission had had the happiness {o enjoy almost 
a century. After ihentioning the Rev Dr. 





'^ .SB oealovs fdtr Ate objects ^of^jlhe^Mwitm^iiand 
¥' pniiteirt in difitingiBshiogjth^fllQc^^fifliiry ^ua« 
f Iftiea in a Misstbnary^ <liiey' ob«i^e— ^' W^ are 
^' mndly inert partial to oar ooiiiitfynKE^» Imti beg 
^ leave to observe Uiat if .tbeviEi:«'<fi»ti^VlUiey 
^^ haveihe peooliar aiml very xieMllaiy^ |tiaiittes 
?^ far the Missioav Tbey iare wtMtomad to 
^' content ^eitiselves with a aalaty valyi4(npfo- 
^^ cure the necessaries of life: they have. fewer 
^ telations to^ and connexioDs wltb^Jlha Euro- 
peans : they haire much 4IEfiettlty to retarn to 
their cottntry^ and rekiiirves in ihiropti and 
e^emain therefore efaieiy through life m India, 
^ by which they naturally acquire a : gmit deal 
^ of experience, which is so necessary in a 
*^ Missionapy to (he Indiaa nations. < TMs^ we 
^' allege ohly as our humble opioAon, but fely 
*' eatirely on the produce, and wise diiposilion 
'f of the Hon, Society/ 

^' The Tranqudi)ar Missioa had: last year 
^^ h^m in^e^ed* by 113 children bant of 
'' Christian parenjb^ 11 oonvierts Uwki Hea- 
f^ thenism, and five oonverts from Popeivy.' In 
^( (he Tamuhan achools, 160 > ctuUlr^ni were 
' '^ jnaiulaiiied, besides those in thie • adjacent vil* 
'^t lageSj and.ittrth^sr in the krouatry. in* the 
I^ortu^uez^ school, 4fi cuphans weiie sup- 
"V'poited, and 48day*fiobo]a».taiJght. . Nineteea 




^^ "the lioitf's sttpfier, imd' 7& SmA hmnn lnir»d; 
' *' Tfm dthear letteni have likeinstf been' tt^ 

'< ceited, re^tthig to tYie Sotlity tkevuriidi- 
-"^'Ita^nt^d deKth of the valuable ami exoeUent 
i ^f Mtoriondrf, the Rev. Mr. Oericfce. 
. i.k^ The Rev, Mr* Holzberg, in a letttr datfed 

^'« «t'Cttddatere, 19 Oct. 180S, reports that Mr. 
'^i GtntM died at Yellore, on the 9d day of that 

^ month. 

' '^ It had been Mr. Gericke's intention te ^et 
'*' to Cuddalone, in order imiperly to setde Mr. 
^ Uahhefg, and re-establiidb the Mission at that 
i^ t)lace; bot, it was the will «f Ood that he 
'* should "be taken hence^ to harvest the f raits 
^ of his sowing. The loss was sincerely^lt by 
Mr. Holzberg in particidar, as be. had been 
accustomed to look up to Mr. O. as a friend 
and a father. The Society^ he observes^ had 
*' lost a most faithful servant ; the Mission its 
second pillar ; aad all India a benefsictor^ and 
ah eminent example of pieiy and virtue, 
^* whose rij^teoos fobtst^s^ be pniy»GDd that 
*' he may be enabled to fdik>w ; and HMKiby to 
^ become worthy of the Society's attentions. 

*' The Rev; the Danish IMSssionarie^ in a 
''letter dated a< * Tranq«ebar> 10 Ocb 1803, 
'^ report the roost 'afflicting and irreparable^ loss, 
'^ they and tiie .Misnon 'had i suffered,* by the 






^ tlealjli cf «h«ir ever dear hrbth^r ^ni'^mor, 
*' tbe> Rev. Mr. Gerick6, wh6 departed tfito lift 
'' the 2d iiwt. hi Vellore. Soon ^fter his Wfrfm 
finom' his most remarkable journey to "the 
sdithef n countries^ the great stieiiesft of \vHieh; 
^' in the awakening of several thonsand Heaft!lle!ri^ 
** to embrace the religion of Jesus Christ; liad 
'' already been mentioned^ his health frtls a«^ 
*^ tacked by a fever, of which he recovered/bul 
*' his increasing and incessant laboui-a did not 
'* permit him to enjoy that rest, which his ag^ 
r' of 61 years, and a weak frame of body, re- 
" quired. He was taken with a disorder in the 
'' bowels, which he thought might be removed 
'* by change of air ; but, returning ffom Raya- 
*' eottah to Vellore, his disorder increased to that 
*' degree, that he was unable to proceed. Thus 
'^ ended the laborkms and pious life of this 
** fkitfrfnl servant of Christ, after he had served 
*' ttim in India 38 years, with a zeal and sin* 
*' ceritv, which was exemplary to the pubIi^i 
arid edifying to tliousands, amongst Europeans 
and Natives, o^ all ranks and situations. T\\i 
eonstemation and grief amongst all ckisses, at 
the death <^ so valuable a man,.w^as beyond 
dS^seription. ffis soft, iKiild, meek, and humble 
dharatterj had made hinl bcloVed by persons 
*^ of tMstinguishfed stations, and by every one. 
'' Hitf conversation was every where agreeable 
" and iti^rtrttctive, as his long experience tind 





^ tittenj^ve olmcrvatioM fammhed him 'wttfci im/ 
'^ portant materials to .entertain * the- compMy^ 
«' wherever h^' happened to be visitia^, Jit 
'^ spake with' 90 much circumspection and vm^ 
dom^ on religious and moral matters^ on Ute^ 
rature^ and political subjecta, that all who 
^ heard him were pleased; and even such at 
*' differed from him in matters of religion, had 
^* a respect for his exemplary chara£ter> and rer 
*' vered hi» Christian virtues; insomuch that 
^ many called him the priTnitive Christian^ 
His public spirit was always active, and he 
took a .great part in any institution for tlie 
common benefit. Though the propagation of 
^' the Christian religion waa his chief object, and 
^ occupied his mind in preference -to all other 
f' objects^ he approved and encouraged^ as nuich 
^ as he could, the culture of sciences, in tbosQ 
** with whom he was connected ; and he even 
'^ paid a montldy salary to an honest and skilful 
f^ Bramin, foa* the benefit of Indian litenutare* 
In offering . and rendering good iiervicei^ 1 he 
^k very great pleasure, and he never de* 
dined any, which he fousid himself able ta 
'' perform, even though attended with gr^idi^ 
^^ ficulties. Many addressed theinselves to , \idai^ 
^' in their urgencies, and requiested hia^ ocal or 
written recommendation, .mediation, or afpistn 
aijice; which had often cost , himni^ch iimei 
|;r$at^e;Kertion$^ ^i nQtiseldoi^ consitfkarabji^ 





m t 

^^ «penc«yWff1«w'of money, MberiA* hw vtat 
'^ ai^ expenolsive corte^pondenfte. FBs dbirily 
^ ^*ms lioandless. ' Though the vtdrioai c^diMfilW 
^ ^ich W€ire entrusted to him^ u a mteb/'tHi 
*' whose conscientiousnesa and exaetaefti 'bA 
^ could rely^ and some generous rewaras for 
^ his good offices might have made him ridif, he 
"^ ohsei*ved the utmost frugality^ that bci tuv^t 
''^ haye to give to the needy. To -^o^Aw a 
f' detail, or to mention only the various'lihittches 
of his abounding charity, were impossflne; 
many of which had come to their knowltic^e 
only by accident. Many wdows and orpins, 
*' helpless, afflicted, and oppressed, bewail mOk 
^* flowing tears, the loss of their benidkijtori 
*' fiither, guardian, advocate^ defender, and 
** comforter. To his brethren he was the most 
^ tender friend and brother, never assuming as 
** a senior, but always the firstrand most r^dy 

^' to take upon himself the heaviest burdens^ to 


'^ alleviate, and comfort, and assist hisbretfai-en; 
He was indeed a shining light, whose ^entte 
rays enlightened, warmed, and enliveiied; 
*' His counsels and advices were matutdy^pre* 
'* meditated, and he never insisted- ujwfir'Bfe own 
^opinions, nor was in the least dflfeomte-in lus 
** paterndl admonitions on errors^ Wtteftttpin* 
•^;dujgent, silent, -and Jjatient, whep theToom- 
''moil cause W0$ not itoateirtdly injfir^d:*'' He 
^ inmi^ * compimhed ^6f ' petsoird -^oifeeftoMi^ and 





\ y)igPI t|«.cftp8ciunce s^d Av^ ^rgpid hm to 
, ffPB^ 9*P^ in-cjrder to ave^ imq^g.wt.daiiger9, 

fhe 4i4 it;>vitb,tbe utmoat .relnct^^cct, and .^ha 
;,OTopt. affecting, anxiety, for Ifis. tender heMi 
^, was full of loye towards his neighbour. 

By the death of the ^^"^ Mr. Gericke^ i\m 
'.i^^BW Ali^ipu has lost not only its sheph^d, 
;,b{Mtidio ita support; and the situation of tlv^ 
f jQnglish^ Portogaeze^ apd Malabar congjre^ 

^\ox^, would be deplorable^ till another 
, Missionary should arrive, and be able to ftika 

tjhefJiuaxge. Mr. Paezold had been applied tx%, 

. itQ return to Vepery, and his answer >vas ^xr 

f .|iyected« . Mr. Holzberg^ who had been placed 

fit (^uddalore, under the common deUberatioo^ 

waft not ^alified to take charge of the Ve^ 
//..pery congregations, for want of the necessary 

Japgfuiages. .Mr. Kolhoif, whom they (the 

Danish Mission^ies) had assised with an able 
f a/^uutant, (Mn Martinsen) had already the 
^^ .charge not only of the extensive Tanjoie 
^^ Mission, and of the many old and new coa^ 
.^f , gr^gations beyond Palamcotta, but also the 
^^ additional attendance on the new English gar** 

rison, in the fort of Tai\jore, He^ th^refore^ 

alrewly had . a burden, far aboye his strei^gth^ 
; IM)dj(oidd not long be. absent frpof. Tanjose. 

Thcjy iatmxde^ however to coptinue to assist 
\ him^. by .periodic^ jouraeys>,.wbich Mr. paoi* 

mwer had lalready doue twice, in th^ oirrcuit 














} ' 


• • 





^ year; %»jL ^^ l|^d .tiovabiiii|Bi*dt a^ 
^ hard labours^ otherwise than liy iiatiiHiitC 
'' l^€x>kB, aac^ec^reflpon^ance; ficnv besideiiclieir 
^ time Misca^R CiiurebeH, 'tliei^hail kttlp.imd 
''.4lie care ojf tile* DaiuaU: eQtif;niga<lbb87''mif 
^ Mr; Joha'a ht^kh was oa the dkeliae Stey* 
^ therefore aanicstly sdiciti thi^^ the .distaMiu^ 
^ situation of the English iMiesiMiis' iniiy-'«b^ 

tB^en into consideration, and the iMst tAdip^' 
measures adopted for their - preiierfaiiob ;* 
otherwise^ what had been gained woald'%e^^ 
lost, and many thousand isonls would b^ antef ' 
deplorably circumstanced, both in their i^ii« * 
ritual and tempoml conceras. Hamg te* * 
'^ saKen their Heathen relatives and connniow, ' 
" there would be no prospect of dcc^piance^flBd* 
'^ subsistence with them, even if. they wen^to ' 
*' return (which God forbid!) to theur fennar 
^ idolatry. 

'[ The Danish Missionaries were then in expe.c- 
'* tuition of soon receivings the usual presents ajadf „ 
*' stores annually sent out by the Society, which., 
*' would be a -particular relief to them^ as the., 
" ship^ with their ordinary stores and proyiiianf , 
^' from Denmark, had not Uien arrived. . 

**' Their letter concludes with es^est expret|- . 
'* sions of prayer, that the salutary knowledge . 
'* of the true God, and our blessed Redeemer. 
" may'be extensively communicated, to the con^- ,. 


«^v «• 

^' II b ¥rith'«iudi eoncteit tbui tlte Soti^y 
^ ilitt IM t* report itmt no sfaiMbk suppliH of 
^ new IffoiiotittrMBtr, hM« yet been heard of to 
'^. ntceedthe good men, Who htlf^ fifltthCfd their 
^^ MiMe, and Mdkifngcd tb^ tdi! of toeing the 
'< aeadi of dli« word of God, f6t the tmniixed 
'^ pk«8tir6 of reaping th€ frarto (hereof; The 
•' de{Mirtttre of Mr. Ocrickie, so soon aftei^ 
** <9ie loss the Missidns experienced by the 
•^ dentil of the inlFaluttble Mr. Swartz, ik an 
*^ mtkciiug dispensation ; but the Society has 
'^ eonftdence that God wiH ^till raise tip labourers * 
^ -te woik in bis viheyard among the HedtUien, * 
" snd sp(re«l abix)ad the knowledge of those 
*' sacred trtoths^ trhidi done citn make nied 
** wise anto salyation/' 



" tn the feccount for 1804> the Rev. Mr 

•'*l*«zold, in a letter dated 1 9th t'eb. 1804, . 

slates that the Madras writers^ having received 

^n order to quit the college of Port William^ . 

*''Vf the expiration of that month. Lord Wei-,. 

'' Icsley had directed that he should proceed 
with them to the I^residency of Madras ; and 
therefore that he was preparing for hif de- 
parture. Gpvernment had promised to grant . 
him a free paisa^e ; and he porposeJ to re- 

'* turn again to his station in the Vcipery Mis- 

M m 


'' service. He complains thfft the aJipiiraMfi to 
^' 4Uc Mis^^onarje^^ m^Uo }iayo ^ ptjlvFjr.iDeawof 
'/. ^HRP^)^^ i^ insufficient tQ flupplj^i^tveif ^fff^Si 
'[. The late Mr. GericI^, wimo|^ a ^I^iti^. Pfi^ri" 
*l' d^i^.ce ha^ U)«ss6d in a \ef^ ep^teaofdi^^y {^9^^ 
ner^ wiUi this good^ of tbif/v'QiMy tVi4^C' 
XfiDy aupplied tixe wants of tlieyc^^^f^^ol 
'.' .his CQllea|pe$ in the Mission ; fii|4 ^ ¥W' A^'« 
'^ P^told Ac)Lno^Yledgcs that he had Vem ^9f^' 
'f greatly indebted for sapport^. 6*091 tiqf^it» 
'' .tiuie^ to tlia Qttnost of his ponrer. He; pi#y» 
^' God to comfort and strength^o l}iin,Ki(V^fi^ 
''. difficultiea, ; and soon to rajise up at)5)|be» 
*' &ithfuL &nd more ablc.niini^r^ fo^ t^e /(n>« 
'Margemeut of l^is kingdom,, ' i * 

. '' Mr, PaezQld, in ^nother letljE^r ds^t^.^a^ 
Vepery, *iOth Sept. 1804, m^utii^ )}^ ^f,i|^al 
at Vepery from Calcutta, after a long aji4. un- 
pleasant passage, on tlie 16th of Aiigust, 
1804, and that^ ccmti^-y to expectation^ he 
had found Mr. Rottler of Tranquchar, and hi* 
ftiiuily, residing in the late Mr. Gerlck,e*8 
liouse, ^yho had received both him and hi^ ja* 
mily, in the kindest raanner, Mr. Rottlf^. had 
immedisitely made room for them^ and .removed 
'^ from tiiat to another house, belonging to the 
'^ widow of Mr. GoFicke. Without delay,, he 
*' began to a'?^isi 5fr. Rottler in the Tamulian 
-1 v^l^.^bar) P(jrtu{i;uczc, and English congre* 


'^tiSiii;' ^£l 'c^nfitifaed so t&doV 'A'tik>ui t\Vd 
" ■iftstfifhs li^folf^ 'Mi*. P^toM'8 Vetum to Vepery, 
'* Mi-: ROftW bfid been apj^ointed Secretary to 
VIV&' OrjphaA' Sbhool, or Female Asyl utuf; a 
Ms({Joi^ herttofdre held by'Mr: t^ericke^ with 
'ia sal&ty of ^.' steriiiig per month ; which 
«c^|]9bi&tiufeiity ' he iaj^rehended, ^fouTd itiost 
^ prt^bably have been tendered to hjhi, if it had 
'^ been possible for him to return sooner. He 
^^ again urges the Society to take into consider-* 
^ ation the circumstances of a Missionary/ in 
^^'fliose parts^ who hasxmly 1001. per annum to 
^ support him and his fomily. European articles^ 
^ and the country provisions^ were rising in 
** price, year after year, and at an enormous 
'^ rate. If Mr. Gericke had not left his pro- 
perty to the Clmrch, the Vepery Mission must 
soon have been given up ; the interest of thai 
property being still insufficient, although the 
sum paid ev6ry month, out of Mr. Gericke's 
'^ estate; to the Mission servants, catechists 
**■ and schoolmasters, charity children, widows, 
^ orphans, and other poor, amounted to 431. 
'^ sterling;, and consequently to 5161. per annum, 
'* agteeably to evidence in his hands. 

*' A Letter from the Rev. Mr. John Peter 
*^ Rottfer, Missionary at Tranquebar, dated at 
**^ Vepery, 29 Sep. 1804, details the circum- 
'' stances, which had determined him to continue- 
'' at Vepery, since his arrival there in the prt- 

M m 2 



ce4in^ Deiiemtcr, M^ithf he. exception ^\f 6f 

a, short absence, i^i order to arrange some of 

\m ooncernf^ at Tranqnebar. . The repeated 

**" demand of the destitute c^ngrpgation,.. there, 

*' after the death of Mr. Gericke, wheivit f^'as 

/' Still uncertata whether Mr. Pflczo W , ivouTd 

" leave Calcutta, and again talce charge pf .the 

. f * Vep^fy Mi«$ian, bad determined his br^hren, 

: " at Ihe otbor Missions^ to send him thither as 

'^ . Uie only one who could be spared^ to perform 

.'' the necessary duties 0f the Mission., ,^^ his 

. " arrival at Yepery^ he began to perferiA ^ivirie 

" Service in the Malabar congregation^, :i(s well 

'' aj5 in that of the Portugueze ; and daring the 

/* Christmas season^ he hetd itdminiBtered *tlie 

'' Holy Sacrament in the former congr^utioii 

to 65 persons^ and in the latter to 34^., For 

(he Englisli service^ * he : had had a^istance 

•* from the Rev. Mr. BaJl^ (one of. thp Hoii^ 

r Company's Chaplains^) -who w^s ,then.^ at 

•*. iSf)^drau5 ; anU on his removal to TrichlMapally, 

'• he had himself read prayers and.pref^phed ih 

*' English, for the first time, on th<j ftp* H.ooday 

ift Ijeojt* He had UXcwise att;en4?d.,V*^'*® 

Englisii and Malabar schools^ and,had preaehe'd 

/; at. . the Mount;, . baptized, aey^ijal chil4j;e.ft, and 

p,dmi;iistcr.e4: the Sacraniejnt to }ji .persons of 

the Malabar cpngv^gatiqiv At V'epeaf)^ C||mrch, 

'* he haci also adqiitMstered the ^acfafli^qit>. in 

:' J '4aglbih, . to 26 persons. On Th^aclay in 


• ♦ 





>.-' : * 


''• '^"^^^^i^^fbooS Pl-kfavrillate'-Dav, and 
^'^ '-^"ilJe l«3h'<!l^yYollowi'n^, hV'had pi-euchcd five 
^''"^^^inie^ in MaMM'^; four times lii 'Porfuhuezc, 

• ''''*>'\i\d'tMcem fingli^fi ; andhadadmimstii'edtlie 
"''^'"Sacra'tneitrt to' 96 persons 1n tlie'Mtilabnr, 

■^'"'innSi {oiS pitgDns in tlie P6riug;aezc congTe* 

^'^^ Aftef liArii^^ cekliratcd the feagt of Pen- 

' •^'tfe'cost; he had intended to tetnrh to his station 

' '>" att '?mn(|ueabar, a» Mr. Paezold's rctilrn to 

'^ ''^ Yepery, frbm Calcutta, was then expected; 

' ''^' i\rt Providence directed it otiierwise. ©urin«: 

• '*^ Jijs stay in Hie neighbourhood of Madms, he 
' ■*^. had become acquainted witii several reputable 

'^ gentlemen, arid had been introduced to Lord 
■^ :WiHiam Caveiidish Behtinck, and his lady ; 
^' who had de«*ired him, wiih much entreaty", to 
*' take charge of the Female Asylum, heretofore 
^- under the care of Mr. Gericke. Engaged as 
'^ he was to the Danish Mission, he hesitated tp 
'5 accept the offbr, otherwise so befitting the 
office jof a Missionary, till he could have the 
consent of- faia stqperiors at Copenhagen, and 
^' could know the resolution of the Hon. Society, 
'{ respecting his being fixed in the English set- 
** tfenient. • Aftera consultation with his brethren 
M at TrAnquebiar, upon the subject, he declined 
' ^"tht offer ; but, subsequently, receiving a letter 
* *^' from his fixcellency. General Atiker, Govv*rnor 
'^ tof ^rran<jnebar, vvhich enclosed tie cxt act of 


wWW • 

^' a' Letter to theGQvefacurjBroip ^^^^ 
'' Stmnge, Ijoth; recpram?udifig..ftn4|,i^ing,|^e.^ 
^' ia^9^iffe, be haddetqniin^d; >vitjbi,^h^^t;fl^ 
of hi»'.Trai;iquebar bfetbrep,, ^: owi%|jffifh» 
the wishes of. Lady Bentiackj, ;^n4 .U^, mi^P^^ 
•^ the oPice of Secretary to the Female, 4RyAM^> 
^' until the pkasirc" of his superjorp ^iijj^rope 
'' should ba known. Afl€f haviiig ]^'eg;;ife;^d 
^' some tiecos$ajy busin?«9 at Tranqa^ bajr,: w^lr 
'' kepi hiju. there two months, be hudvijeturpMl^ 
'' to V^epery, at the end pf July; anilr within^ 
'' a few w^ckfl qftei^ Mr, .Pae^old'^lso arriTPd 
f' frpm Bei>^L Mr. Rottier wasti^enopcupj^ip'^' 
" Mr. Gericko's bouse, wbic^ iie refiig:ne4MtQ 
'' Mr. Paezold, retiring himself to another n^ar 
'' it.; Mr. Roltler had. also tendered his.assmt- 
" ance in the care and labours of the Missi^ny 
'^ %vhipl) h^ been gjadly aocepted. .^hey; were 
" thos aswting ^ach other» in the bosisiesaof 
^' iha Mission,, both in Chm^h apd, school,. en- 
^' de^v^iwg to ke^p Mp frat?ifqal lofp , ^nd 
'' nnity^. and .to do ■ all • things, fer tli^ ^h^j 
'' M^hiitth, he trusted,; with the;¥Uftis)4ac<e^r<x£Go(}; 
^' wioiUd alvvaya ibe. tlieii; aim. .> ..t 

'' Tbfi Society idiimtte^ thedr.^jtoistn tp*be 
'' transmitted, to ^ Mr. Roltlen i th^tt ikt If iiA imj 
'* propeily;WCtptf|t th^ ofBpQ,«|f iSi^dfttB^ to 
'' tkfi iFVmafe . Asylimh . feer«tofaeft:.(hflWi lijrtthe 
'^ late :M>^; (prerick^ : wdv Ix^Minff;jg0p4 reaa^ll to 
/'. belie w that. Ifcp , gftsistwtc .#Mn JUittl^r,. m 






''^'Ihii 'irtiporta lit concerns of the* Vcpefy" tvlfs- 
sTon; would be very elii^ible', lie has lieeh ap- 
'/'^poiritcd one of 'the Socie*y*s IVtisj^ionart&s, 
lirifdcr the proviso fhat the same shall meet 
WilTt- the coucurreirce of his superiors at Co- 
'*^ penhagen. 

*' And, it appearing that Mr. Rottler had been 
'* actualty occupied in the functions of a Mis- 
'^ sionary at V(*pcry, from the month of Detem- 
ber, 1803, exceping- a short interVEfl, Vrhen 
he returned to Tranquebar, on nectssary 
*'^ business, the Society directed the usual allou'- 
^' ance for two years of 501. per annum; as a 
* p^'ment from Christmas 1803, to Christmas 
^ 1803, together with the customary gratuity 
'"^•of 501. for each ycar^ to be reiiiitted to 

- ** The Rev. Mr. Pohic, in a letter dated at 
^''Trichinapally, the 28th Dccembw, 1803, 
'"' mentions particulars of his ow^n serious indis- 
^^ position, and happy recovery, and of the much 
'^ lamented death of the Rev. Mr; Crericke,.the 
'^ CH'cUnistances of each had been before detkilecl 
to the Society ; and he also expresses his mo^ 
e^irndst liope that a suitable supply miiy soon 
r itVtttA the VaiCAncv in tfie Mission. 
^* " Aftolhi^r belter from Mt. Poiile, dated; at 
wTi'fthinapairy; the 26th of June, 18(M, men; 
^ (Soils his firequent inability to officiate, tll¥oi(gb 
■■" iir Uciifeh;" trie Rev. Mr. Hall, One of the 





^^L^gH to iofoiviii J;}iQ.Soci)etyy thai ihfsAs^jOolitmdxi 
h^xi likQt^se. aasisted at the Mi^sioil tCluatf dbiof 
y§perj|f^ ,to tbp E«glipli«o»(|frgg5MiiiTO^irfb4j?(|h#** 
^fjfmiae of Ml*- Gericke, antl timt be tmd ooa- 

"; ti^ued §^ to di^. until, hiy oftler of .G»vcrnBM3fct, * 

?^.h? Pet*jraed lo Xwl^mapally, in ]Vlajrch JSttl^, 

'"JjiijtjD ^ii^e^o fissifit Mr. PpU6: 
" Jn th^ cofirse qf th^ preceding ycati . at 

^' .Tf*cb»s^Uy.Aftd Dind^i^^ tljere had. been 
,bajg.ti^d 95, including 11 H/eathens; .btt«ed 
46 ^ative^, , and |5 E^iropeans ; m^^iQcI yme^' 
couple; cpi^aiunicants 165| inclqdi^igEagiHh ' 
,and Nativea. The English school numbered ' 
.from 31 to 40 chjliJLren, and the M^h^hm* from 

'' 10 to about 20. To the Portugueji^e cwgjfe- * 

" £?im belQngecl 95, and to the IVWabu? 27^, 
'\xn2^ii)g together 367 souls. 

.*' Mr Pohle urges a request, iil be\i9if of» 
" |VIr,Heni7 Hurst, that the Society ^o\ild aUoiif ' 
'' hirn^ m anuwd sa{ary. Ha bad ilfU^ied ia.ft" 
'' German univem^^, . had a^si^t^ MnGerkkle^' 
'' in bis school at ^'^pery, wfA m jopwidf^mim '^ 
^[ of hi3 ability, sobriety, and gD«l, liaI»T;iwt " 
'' Jtiad been stationed tei^ Cuddalftte; at a^ 44«toK '' 
'' tp J^«' Missionji in 1v^^i«h fafaaty.i»Mted" 
f' served to the satisfaction of Mr, Orndfi^^ioj) ' 
t' ll;jear8. On Mr.: Hotebar^'fc scttkmcQt M- 
'' jP^ddalore, Mr, HorstAventto Tn»^.^b^f^^ 


^^jitbfc&iiB9idniii4r, Gerick^ had hitine^to'eFtlOY^ 
^'nhJ»^^'BQ^^* Imt ^ thatnxust «ow oeasd, ind 
'^imenlbtr (he: Mfssiop fun()^ iv»r Mr. Pohie^ 
^'•>dDt)k[ fivrnifiti 4t^ ^ hac| T^niur^d to a^- it d£ 
^^' 4he Sociely^ ivbhing and mtK^fai ndtfc^g* the 
f' 'diAidt^Me €ff -Mr. Horst ^t Triehimpairy ^in)d 
^^ fve is'Mtkrded that the Society wonl<F %6t 
'f have reason to rep<?rit^ if ?t W^ie' ghM^ 

i^' Mr, PoU^ repeal, wliatmfaij»]imt Iftltor lie 
'' had urged^ respecting. Mr, Henry He^t,' to 
^' which he h^d been led by tlw advice of *Iie 
'' (Rer- ]VIr, J5ali and by the eonsiderafioin of 
'S-bis h^Ttn^ alrwidy received assistance from 
f' Mr* )ibT)3t^ in the Missipn concerns at Trk 
'" chinttpaliy, . .» 

,'^. Pfior to the receipt of these If tteni from 
*' Mr. Pohl^, the Society had clireeted a gratcrity 
f^'fif SOI to besentjoat to Mi;. Horst, in consw 
*' fd^^ioii of his penrices to the Mission at Cudt 
^^dalore^*9B f0ported in divers letters from tho 
'^ Jitci Mr^^'*(3«rick^; i^nd the tjonsidefttioii 
V ;i»beUi^»''p!riDcmpfit s(9ia]^y s be grants to 
^' ^liiiii/»;Mte^eiui|rdy till sik^i thne as the Soci^ 
f' ^sbalkir^ei^ecfiirtber apcoimts^ (Vom the Miin ' 
f ' Uifcia&S)';: X8i|iief:ting' Mr. Hprsty -and hi^ 'ho^ 
^'4sdt€^Mi|^itDr&e.tiiie tif tlieln; - * -v. o 

ffi X)b(^iiOr.^Mci^M(d^rgMn ti 'lett^)"; <yeb ' 
i' |tf .lii«dd^-«7^thfc: Wtti-of Feb. 180«5^yi«t^ " 

'' *th>dt the TVIisj^io^ ' cbhgWgntiohtf ii tWat 'j^ffe'c 
'^had much decr^asfed, sine* tbe'^gari^isbn'ffed 
'^ marched to Tiidtinapally/ ih flt^ jpfr^ceflfcg 
*' tnonth of Septetiiber ; the dfe^^rease, Kowfcvcr, 
'* had not been so appaveirt at Chareh, as- lie 
'* foHfid It to be, when he visits fteni at^cir'* 
Iiowsei?, tlmse who had left the plate bdhg' 
«udi as had not had many opportnrtftWof at- 
^ tending' Divine scnrice. The MaMbar school, 
^^ which had been reduced to four achdlars, had 
** increased since his arriral at Cuddalorc, to Y4 ; 
'* in which too he had made arrangements for 
** mAre ampfe insfa-uction. He had adminigtered 
''the Lord's Si/pper thrice in English and Ma- 

* labar, and once in the German language, to 
*^ about 100 communicants. He had baptized 
^ ^i mcluding two Heathens ; and received 

* frbm the H'omlsh Church three persons '. he 

* Bad married 13^ couple, and buried i 1 Euro- 
•* jJeans. He observes that tliat Mission wrghl' 
^ again flourish, if ft were not so very p66r!' 
**' Since the death of Mr. GericW, lie had *of 
^ w^iercwith to pay the catethist an* Ach^P 
^' master, it^iosc salaries hfiad beeti fbrnMi^^Pby 
** that worttry Missionary ; he therefoife ■ {rtihr- 
*^ eiiferly i^dommertds the stat^ df thelCtittlafore 
<^ THitetoft to the considci-atioti aind befieV^Ifefece 
^ of the Socfefy. . :. -/i ' 

* ^ Mr. Hbfeberg'* ststtartciit, fcspedl^n^ 'Ihe 
^ CtJWaltttt Minion, beih^ taken intd^ cowf^fer-^* 


t, • 


'Cn^H/ Ihe Soqiety directed 50|. to' be «mt oMt, 
^.^thtli^ other reQultmcM, t0w6rd9 4efrayiiig^^ 
"^ t^^^fiences of that Missitm^ »' 

Jii (he accemit of the' Missimi^ puJ^Ii^^d 

by.theSocietyyibr the year 1808^ mention: is 
•^.ipfid^ 0f ill usage, and persecution, expe^*- 
^ jpfenced by soweucw conyeite to Christknity/ 
'"^ ^ jh <be TiftnaveHy afitiicf ^ As sfatemenC of the 
'■^t 'partk^iIiHrff havings been imde, by t}irectionrof> 
'i: ^e Bo9Xcl> to the Coait of Dspeefiors ^ thtf 
f iHonourable Eart India Company, and their' 

interference reque6ted> not only to prevent 
"^ j^n^^ihkT peowcutifm of Cb^iiBtiaii. caaverts 
'^ lir ffj^% Imi to prateM the {ferttmr and Id* 
^ boura of the Miiudonariei of ttie Societjt, i» 
^^ thedifchaige of those important dviies^ ^tl^ 
^f w)v»pb tlK^y are entrusted ; tbe So(»6ty (oan b^hh 
'fiiappily. feport to the paUic, that % vfp^ 
'[ himdfome and satis&ctopcy Wfiy ym^ reoeijfedr 
'f >firom tbat HonMsaUe Gomtj, tcgether, >yitk 
«^ .tha capy of an important paragraph^ whicfe 
^ waa to l^ inserted in their next dispatehe» ta 
^.\ tha- G^emo&ent of Madras> on the sal^ct^rev 
^Jrif^md. to;, w the representaUon^ made by, 4h<r 

'* The Society eannotyet repeat tb«U any n^^ 
^< Miwonaries have beea engagcfdj i^ Eunope; 
^^ to oarry on the work of promoting Ghri^iaa 
^ knowiadge i^ the East Indies ; aUbotgh/raamy^ 
^^iS^iflUi hav^ been ased'to find out suit^bi^^perv 


ir<ta)£ Gkxli ««care a coatinttfttvcie.Jif flol iM'<en- 
?> tegeaoent/vf tbe woik in band; imittiiMfcli 
^ !thae as .new labottrer%! fumialicd wHh^eohi'- 
% ing, -iakcrttiDny'zaA the true s^U of CMsliBii' 

. ■■■ P n il !■■■ ..T, 

'*''*^ 'In the aceount ft>r WW5, tbc R^v. ^i 
"^'Efohfsh !Mi&r^i(>naridR, in ajetter dated at Tttin- 
^ (jiieMr/i5 J*eb. 1805, itacntion that they lifed 
*^ heard of the arrival iri Bengal, lof the' stB^ea 
'' afid preseh(8 from' tlie Sodty. They tfdVert 
^ to'^ the premising applio^tion thaC hadbeeri tttiiie 
•* 1o' thera for the Goirtinuance of Mr. Rottl^ir'at' 
'•* Madras, to saperintettd the concerad cif *fte' 
-^ 'Pcrfiale AsyJWm at that plac^, whltli^ hcfikd' 
•'fi^orte to takd diarge of thfe Mission 'afliei^ Ihe* 
''death of Mr. Gericke> and m tbdabseMo^'^f 
*^><Mr. Ftestfld. On htft muit^ firdm ^QdeMh/ 
*' both Mrv Rotfl^ and ^im6<4f had toninMie^^ 
'f iti the eonti^ni^ of :A&^^ Mjfittioit JtvaAm^^'for' 
'r(thfe:gpp#ob*lio« of the Sp«lHy, iiDiiioliiAe'^' 
'^* MisMOa CoHefS^; pi Copealiagenr. Ivl tiicPmeiQ ' 
''iMAkiW, theyl^cid bfceii assisted ^a>ran<]fdobar;' 


Kf^ffpagft .1^ wdeii,r when qj¥4iftcd* to be ptqced, 
y.jfpAber ^i'TVnJQfe: to A^aistMr. Kolbotf, :©f) ar 
'^ , ,'J^ricbii^apblI j/i i^ ^smt Mr. PobIe>. wb*^e fayedth 
j^vaa' very lndifF€a?ent ; which lMt-oientiQ»ed 
f'f.^rrangeipent aeeqoed^ on the whole, to be most 
V wii^bki. Mr, Gericke had been aecttstoiaed 

« J 


Lto^IIow hiiA 6(X. per ann. ivhicfa) atnce the^ 
.ileitth of tli^ worthy Missionaiy^ h&d beea 
*" paid out of Mr. Swartz*8 fegacy, but the fete- 
*^ cuiors expected a reimbursement of wliat they 
" had advanced. Prom the Mission fund . at 
Tiunquebar, no allowance cp.uld be made, to 
him; they therefore solicit the Society. tok 
grant him a decent, salary. A Mr. Schrcy'% 
rogel, had been sent to them, in the characleCv 
of a catechist, who had made a good begin-, 
ing in Malabar and Portugueze, and was ser-, 
^f viceablc m both languages. In the wan^ of 
*f ordained Miuislers, such assistants were 6L 
'* great use in the Missiohs. \ lu case of . the 
'^ ^eath of a Misflionary, such 9^ one could prc^ 
<^ serve the property of the Mission from falling 
'' Jiipj^Q improper bands ; Md uould Gontinue the^ 
'Iwwk as a reader, oar preacber and catecjbi^t* 
.till, an ordained ' Mi*iio!D5ary «faaujid arrivpi • 
,!Mn KolhofT^ they observe, ivoi44 fe? ;grefttly^ one or two of such aBnistjMtiy'wboajMie- 
e<mld occasionally send ti> .Pial^meot^t^; tod 
pthfM* distartt Qongreg^tionsy wjthlfels 4iftcijtty ' 


^ and ei^^te, tiktt when Umdf cnfnt. They. 


were accvfitomed to go to hi^ fifiK^cour^ as oftea 
as urgencies required^ and they were able; 
and they trusted that much good had been 
done^ in various ways^. jby these journeys^ 
The large town of Negapatnam^ h»etofore 
'a favonrite place with the |^te Mr. Gericke^ 
having iiany Dutch^ Portaguese, and Mala-i 
'' bar Christians in it, was destitute of a 
Minister. A Portugueze man^ natmed Do- 
mingo de Rosario^ stationed there by Mr. 
Gericke^ taught English in % school eoosist* 
'^ ing of about 40 children ; and on Sundays, 
he read the Common Prayer, and e aermon, 
in Portugncze : they had also a M abbar ca^ 
techist from Tranquebar. A salary to each 
^' was paid from the legacy of the late Mr. 
'^ Gcrick6 ; and the poor widows had an allow- 
^' ance of 40 pagodas, from the govemmtat of 
^^ Madras. The l^inish Missionaries, occasionally 
visited that poor Aock^ who were all anxious 
that a Missionary might be stationed amongst 
them. In Ramanad^ a fine Church and' par^ 
sonage had been built^ by the charhaMe Col. 
Martens^ in the hope that a Missionary might 
be placed there. The extensive Mission of 
Palaoicotta had severely suffered, sinte (he 
'^ de^th of Mr. Jaenicke* The country priest, 
^' Sattianaden, attended it^ J)at he had a heavy 
" charge of a number of congregations, under 








'" YelJbrei PulUcat, and other plaM:£s, wet« 

(fvi eyery ai^e> a^ we}l as from tU^ir Euglisti 
.bfrtUreo, to 9y|>pprt the pooi'^ to ingtrupt the 
youth, q,iidto take charge of forsakea tongrega* 
tiout^ but they were uaequal to attend to these 
institutioiuu The Missionaries therefore had 
had it in eanteoi^pdatioii tQ make six of tlie most 
aUe of tbft cateiJliifsts, cwntry priests, like 
SMtti^aden .; but not yet knowings what sup« 
pcfft could be furnished for them, the matter 

'' semaiued ia wspencc. They conclude re- 
commenfiiog themselves and the Missioii ta 
the futtbejr benevolence of the Society. 
'' The Rev* Mr, Paezold lias transmitted let* 

*^ tera, dated at Vepery in Feb. 1805, but they 

'' detail few or no particulars, relative to the 
state of the Vepery Mission, but refer chiefly 
to the arrival of baptist Missionaries, and 
|i{is$iQn^ies from the London Missionary So* 
(uety, at Tranquebar, tl^e designs and des*- 
t|nat\on of wUorn are not yet clearly known. 
" Mr. PsBzold reports that the legacy of the 
late Mr. Gericke to the Vepery Mimoh, was 
15,000 ^tar pagodas, besides the reversion of 

^' another considerable sum,, and a large house, 

after the demise of his widow, whic)^/ with 


the allowance given by the ^ing pf Tat^jore^ 




** would he fully ^qoal to the ordinary et^t&i 
^ of that Mission. 
^^^ He also ackiiowledgses the receipt (jf tlicf 
stores 8(nd prcs^ats^ salaries and grattiities^ 
sent out the preceding year frdm the Society. 
The usual stores and presents of books, 
stationary^ and other articles of accommoda- 
tion^ together with the reiftittances, including 
^^ a gratuity of 501. to each of the Missionaries, 
'^ and 50L to Mr. Horst^ in conrfderdtion of his 
^' services to the Mission^ as stated in the ac- 
*'. count published last year, have been sent out 
'*''this year, through the continued fiivotir of the 
^' Hon, East India Company ; to whom the 
" Society thus publickly return their HEARir 
'^ thanks/' 



*t, ■i»i 

It appears in tlie account for 1806^ th^t 
Siince the publication of the last account, very 
^' little information has been received from the 
'' Missionaries; and of that little^ some is of a 
^' a nature by no means satisfactory to the So- 
ciety. A spirit of insubordioatioA appears . to 
have arisen in the Malabar congregations, both 
.at Vepery and at Trjinquebar ; which, at the 
former place, seems to have given mucji 
;troubie and uneasiness to Mr. Paezold ; and ^ 
^Tranquebar, to have occasioned the departure 
of the Danish Missionaries from their staUon^ 



•* « 


^' and from that territory. The documents w< - 
** fbre the Mis&ion Pcnpraittee of the Society ar* 
quite insufficient' to enable them to form > 
judgment of thd trtie ground of these dis- 
astrous circumstancesr It appears, howiever, 
'* tKat certain Missionaries, sent out by an A^ft* 
baptist Society, and by that called the London 
iNIissionarK Societyi had received a degree of 
countenance, from the Danish Missioaaries at 
''' least, if not also from sopie of those mor«^ 
'^ immediately connected with the Society, wjiica 
^''tended to produce disorder^ m the estabhshedl 
'^ Missions, and could not: but be .very dissa^is^ 
^' factory U) the Church of. England Society for 
[^ Promoting Christip.u Knowledge. - How far 
these circumstances may h^ve coutributed ta 
occasion the evils bef9re-iu^tione€l> it may b# 
^^ difiicult to say, without additional e?rideiic4 
^f upon ilic matter^ which may soon b6 eaqpcicte^ 
^ to arrive from India. It is certain, hid^ed/ 
^^ that ' an unhappy discord subsistfij at Vepery, 
'^ between the Missionaries Paezold and Rottter r 

^f ^eema^ more than probable tb&t thesis 

. * ' »• 

'^ circumstances may at least in part faav^ occa«» 
'* sioned that discord. Mr. Rottler, howcWj- 
'^ who was appoiiited b/ the Society,, from hii^ 
station at Tranquebar, to the VepTery Mis* 
* ^ion, under a proviso that the same 9hoT)Ia 
^ meet with the concurrence of his superiors at 
^ Copenhagen, will, probably, soon'' nunoVe 

N n 







'^agaiiv from the Vqiery Mission^ j^ the QisiA 
^ Mission College appear Jto be very unwilUni* 
^ itihat he should altogether quit Trwquehar/' 


^. In the account for 1807, it is *' stated severa* 
letters/', from the Society Mifi»ionarie», hi^re 
been received^, since the publication of the 
'^ account for the year 1806. t'he circito- 
^ stances adverted to in that accoont, have |kol 
^ even yet been very explicitly elhcldated, in 
^ the correspondence from Indi^; and perhilps 
^ it may he very difficHlt^ if not hnpracticahle^ 
^^ to obtain 6u'ch an elucidation of. the occasion]; 

* and circnmBtances of the disoMrds^ which seem 
^ to have subsisted in the Missions as should be 
^ satisfactory^ or even fuirnish to the Societ^'ej 

'^ * 'Mission /CJommittee/ dear ideas upon the 

* matter. "It does'* however appear, in one qf 
4H:he letters from the ilev..Mr. Paezold, date^ 
y at' T^peiy; the fst of October, 1807, 'thrt 
^^,the refractory party among the ' Makbaf 
5 Christians connected with the Vepery SdijBsioni 

^ • had latelybeen considerably humbled andsifence^ ' 
•l^b3^t&' Magistm to >ybom on. several ve;ry 
^f ^pT^aaant occasions he had been obliged to 
5 make application, to support hi? exertions. i% 
'Vrestc^ing harmony and good order amongst 
'^ thetfi, cand if possible pQ reconcile both parties ^ 
^ eacK ; ^ther, .which he • found to ^ be. jao. eas|; 

n'<M9Mdtl6't)Mfyi ^ifisnirinitig a stiperibHty' of 
<^ ndd^cBbMkig, liftd bera desifttis of esMb'^ 
Ushilig;. at Vepery a iribttnal independent of 
that at Fort St Geoi^^ with a view to rule 
^ ovier the congr«gatioB^ and to tiettle aH man* 
V^'n^ df differences amongst them^ without the 
^^ intorferQnee of any Missionary ; but Mr.' 
'^ Paateld was happy in. the thou^; tha£ 
^ 4i^iCiier'tiw& efai^f Judge there^ norfhe'Hoii, 
f* Secietif/ (to whom these misled Chdstianis 
^ bad intended to write upcin the matter;,) would 
^' erer concede to them a power, wtfich woiilct 
V • laeVitably accelerate the mb of the congre-* 
*^gatfott:~ their schen^es howerer bavin j beeii 
?• frustrated, they seemed to be ashamed of 
P ISuem, tbough but few of the party- had Jret 
^''appeatcd again at Church/ 
--'^ Mr. Paeidld, in a letter dated at Vepery; 
<^'Ma«Jh 1, 180?, acknowledges the receipt of 
^tioires, and presents sent out the preceding 
«k.^ffei*, fift)m the Socirty ; which, he com* 
f^^piained, had sustained, in the- passage, ^con- 
i^aldferable damage/ 

V' ^r'iAtl PtesSiDW reports, that Mr. Henry Motstji 
^^ >(r))o for many years had been emplojred in the 
•t?i concerns of the Mission, haxi' at length re^ 
i^^wwi the ordination of the Lutheran Ctiutbhi^ 
jP) £peui 4hi3 hands of the worthy ^enidr of the 
t-iiBooitfty^s' Missions, the Rev. Mr Pohle, with 

K n 2 




*' tlie consent and Approbation' of the breflireif; 
^ kolboff and Holzberg^ and himself^ rehtive 
'^ to whish* official commiinication would be mad^ 
'^ by Mr. Pohle himself. ' Mr. Howfc'l be^obr- 
'/ seryes^ ' certainly deserves it> beio^ a dMn of 
considerable literary attainments^ as yfttlk as 
of good moral .character; for which be b 
gref^tly esteemed at Tanjore. Our exOoUetit 
*^ brother Kolhc^^, bestoweth great praise ovL 
him> and seems to be one heart and one soul 
with him. They are now labouring together; 
'^: in the vineyard of the Lord^ with an exenr^ 
plary zeal and activity/ 

Mr.Psszold complains^ (hat having himself 
.no other means of subsistence^ but that fur- 
nished by the Society's allowance^ he found 
'' himself straitened^ aud under great difficalti^ 
to subsist^ in times like the present ; a circuni'* 
stance which he recoromends to the compB3t 
sionate attention of the Society. 

The notitia transmitted by Mn Psezold from 
the Yepcry Church Register, fpr th^ year 
•' 1806^ is as fallows. 

'^ In the JMalabar congrct^tiaa at VegQQ'.. » 

^' Iniants christened - ^ • - - - ^ 
Adults ditto --.-'j-..- 9 
jNIaxrii^cs .-? -• .- - - - ^^'.tJ^,rl^^ 4 

f' Funemls - - - • - -,-r.— .gSJ 







.., , ... B« ■ 

. M^abar Communicante at Vepery, 

* Ob Easter day ....-- -103 
*'i i6th Sunday after Trinity - - - . 2d 
•* Christmas day -.---.. 85 


'' In the English and Portugucze congregations 

*' at Vepery. 

"..Children ^christened^ of European ex* 

traction -34? 

" Ditto of Portugueze extraction • - 13 

•/' Marriages 17 

>^Punerals .,...•-.- 19 

*' Portugueze communicants at Vepery, 

On Easter day --.••,..741 
17th Sunday after Trinity • ... 15* 
^ Sunday after Christmas day t • - 35 

.*- ' 

^' English communicants at Vepery, 

^' On the 1st Sunday afler Trinity - ^ 14 
« 4 14th ditto -.,.,.- ga- 


At Negapatam« 

• *' Children christened of Dutch Portu- 

;•. - " 'g^eze* ---,-»,. 14^ 

« Malabar chUd - \ 

" Ditto adulu • - - ^ ^ . x - - % 


" Child of European extmctioW''- 'V'i ;>; '^ I 

"Marriages ^:i.iv,i.u>*'.)I^ 

''Funerifa" - - r - , - ^ « ' . • W- 

" PortuguezB comipnnicslnts, !^\[li'1SSf, '•"' 

« 1806 - r r r - r r J "A'^ «SI 

'^ Makbar ditto thd same day >•-•■} 9 


*f At Sadru. 

.-> « 

" Child christened of Datch Portngueze | 
** Communicants, May IS, 1806 - ^ - 7 


At jBangaliMre. 

'^ Child christened of European extrac-^ i 
- '* tidn •- •' r' - * . - . - 1 


Ditto ditto of Portugueze - - - - j^ 

^' At Mundedrooff. 

Children jphri8tene4 of Earope^ €3tx\ L * 

'' traction • r - r - -, ^ „ ^|p 


It appearing that the statements made^^ re^ 
specting the circumstances and em'barrassmentsj 
'^ cf Mr. Psezold, were 9 sufficient call for reaci^r 
'' ing < jit jsome relief to him^ the Society re^ 
^ solved that an additional gratuity of 501. I^e 
sent with the ordinary remitiances to Mri^ 
l^s^zold^ in consideration . of kisi haying at 
present no sqorce of income^ beyond his stated 
receipt froip the Society^ and ^le cpn^e<men^ 
i' difficulties experienced by him^ 




"":arhe Rev. INfrt Pohle, in a letter datcd^a,*-, 
" Tijchmapally, the 16th of February, 1807, ' 
*' states,, that fn the course of the preceding-, 

year, tiiere had been in that Mission, and at 


21 Baptisms, amongst 
^' among which, five were 

" of adult Heathens, 3 converts from' Po» 
'' pery, ^ 4 Marriages. 

14 Funerals. 
159 Communicants. 
About 50 English scholars. 

And about 30 Malabar scholars. 

^^ » • 

The Trichinapally congregation ' of For- 
tngueze and Malabars, amounted to S^i 
^^ souls, which, together with about 30 at Din- 
'' degail and Madura, made 364. As officiating 
^' chaplain of the garrison of Trichinapally, he 
'' had had 33 baptisms, 18 marriage, and'4T 
'^ burials, the communicants having been 13. 
'' Since the departure of the Rev. Mr. Ball, one 
^^ of the chaplains of the East India Company, 
^' he had continued to officiate alorie. His felloV 
*' labourers in the Mission were two TEnglish 
^' schoolmasters, three catechists, and three Ma-? 
'^ labar schoolmasters," who were in traming ttf 
'' be made catechists. The Christians at Din- 
'^ degnl and Madura had been frecjucntly visited 
'^ by tlie * catechists, who also freciuently an-^ 
'^ jiounced the Gospel 6f'Chnsr to tlie natives; 




'' whole, to be, on a proini$ing*iootin|2, He.liad 

^' been successively favoure4 1 with j'mtR from 

■* * ■ __^ ' .»^ 

Messrs. Kerr of Madras, Buphai^q^ of .Od^ 
cutta, and John of Tranquebar, vyitb whpm 
'' he bad bad important conversations^ concern^ 
'^ ing; the English Missions, and the disj^mina* 
'^ lion 9f Cliristian knowledge in the ^last 

^\Dr. Buchanan^ who had had oppprtunities 
f' of personally knowing Mr. Henry llorst^ had 
^' much encouraged thp idea of his ordination ; 
which had taken place op the first . Sunday of 
the preceding Advent, at Tanjore, in the 
manner Mr. KolhofT, and the country prie^ 
^' Sattianaden, had received their ordinations, 
throyglj the bands of Father Schwartz, Mr. 
Pohle therefore strongly recommended the re- 
ception of Mr. Horst as the Society's Mis^ 
sionary, and that they would |^rant ta him the 
salary of a Missionary, 

Mr. Poble mentions that they h^d cele- 
brated a jubilee, on th^ 13th of July^ 1806, 
^' in comipemoration of the arrival of tiie two 
^ fii;st Protestant Missionaries at Tranquebar, 
'' on the 9tb of July, I7O6, with thanks^iv^g^ 
'^ and . praises . to God^ and a suital^le sermoii 
fjrcMn Matt, javiii, 19., 

]}e ejipresses his vrish th^t the Mother Mis« 

sion jA Trfinquebar, may continue to be re- 

fr n^pmbered for j^ Ilpn,.So9ietjfi ^ 




^ » 

^ St ifill HS%]^|»^ the Daughter Missfons with 
^ books, te^atiscs, &c. from its press. 
^ ^' M r^ Pohle, in a letter dated at Trichina* 
^'^ pially, ihe Sd of March, 1807, addressed to 
^^i the Lord Bishop of Durham, but intended 
^f for icoaiinuulcation to the Society's Mission 
Committee, reports the circumstance of the 
ordination of Mr. Henry Horst, in the Church 
at Tanjore, by himself and his co-ordinators, 
Messrs. Kolhoff and Holzber^, and again 
strongly recommends him to be received as the 
'* Society's Missionary, 

^' The Society's Mission Committee, taking 
^^ into their 'most serious consideration the state 
^' of the Missions, and the impracticabiUty, for 
'' some years past, of procuring Missionaries 
^' from the ancient sources in Germany; and 
^' finding that Mr. Henry Horst had regularly 
*' received the ordination of the Lutheran 
Church, according to the rites of that com- 
munion, and that he had also, for many years, 
been much esteemed by all the Missionaries, 
^* both English and Danisli, and to be by them 
^' considered as a fit and proper person Us be 
^' emjloyet^ as a Missionary, agreed in opinion 
'*■ that it would be proper and expedient to re- 
'' ceive Mr. Horst into the number of the 'So- 
^ oietv's Missionaries; in which the Board con* 
^^' cur ring, lie has* been appomted a' Missionary, 
f^' to ^ employed at Ti^chiiiapdliy 6fW^ 


^^ «s 'MM ht deemedt best by the 
in general ; and the customary allowance has 
been granted to hlm^ and sent out- with tlie 
salaries and. gratuities to the other Missionaries^ 

^': fw the current year. 
V*' The Rev, Mr, Rottler^ who had been for 
many years ^W of the Danish Missionaries 
' at Tratiquebar^ haTiiig, after the death of tbe 
Rev. Mr. Gericke^ and during the absence of 

'';the Rev. Mr. PsBzold at Calcutta^ gone to 
Vepery, and there served that Mission, the 
Society^ in the year 1805^ appointed him to 
• be their Missionaiy at Vepery, under a pro* 



*^ viso thkt the appoiptment should meet with the 
'^ approbation and concurrence of his superiors 



of the Mission College at Copenhagen ; but, 

the Society finding that the Mission College 

did not concur in his removal, and that they 
^\ had actually required his return to Tran- 

quebar, the Society's appointment of Mr. 

Rottler,. as their Missionary, is no longer 
*' valid, and letters have been written to inform 
** him thereof. 

The Rev. the Danish Missionaries, in a 

letter dated at Tranquebar, March 2, 1807, 
'^ acknowledge the arrival of the Society's an* 
; nual presents, shipped for them the preceding 

year^, and express grateful thanks to their Be-^ 
^^ iiefactors for the same. 

'' Through .two years past, they lu4.l9^boured> 


f' MCtof l»avy mflltetfoifti thsk\mA aiededtlicia 
^^>bioth iw boay^^dl mind; the particukrB tDf 
^'-^whieh they vTouM mflier pii8» over, than »eble 
'f' 'W <leteil. Tliey only mention^ (iiat Mr, Join's 
'' sickly state of health, during that period, had 
'^ prevented them ftom writfng, and giving the 
^'^ twwkl communicttlieM of their Mistton, to the 


-^' Mr. John had resolved on y voyage to 
^'Engtefcd and Dentftaik, 4« ciMwequence <xf 
'•5 inedical^*rice; afldin ttrderto give a dear 
^* fend oral account of the Mifl«ion» to the re- 
^*%pective superior^ he had previously visited 
'' Tanjore, Tnchinapally, and the €airiitita' 
f' congregationg in the eoutitry, whert? hfe had 
^^ had many conferen^jesr inth the bifethren, fa 
^' flic view of preserving a[nd promoting Ae 
" 6l>ject6 of the Missions, and encourage, fo» 
^' gether with the Christiian refigion, ' civilization 
'^ and industty amongst the Christians, and par- 
^' ticttlarly in the Mission schools ; and he hAd 
''-had tajttch plfeasure ih fining his Excellency 
f' the Maha Rajah, the English resident. Can tain 
'^"Bllickbttrh, and at Madras Lord Wiiliani 
. ''- Bentirtcki cdrdiaBy intlmed to'afd these good 
'^ deeigiisV where opportnnifies should occu^, 

-'' Mr: 'Jdhn; hotfever, finding difficulliies in 
^C getting a passage, and that' his (ioni^lairits re- 
'^ turned with greater violbnce, found it ncces- 
^* jjwy^ t9 Ti&tttm- W TranqucbaTj Vhcre, in 






^'*-Od;ober, he hfefl providentially arrived By %&bu 
*^i Since then, he had been enabled to retake his. 
'^ ahare in the charge of the Mission, the duties 
of which had chiefly fallen on Mr. Cammerer, 
v^o had however been iaithfully assisted by 
; Mr. Schreyvogal, in the Church, and in the 
schools of the . Malabar and Portuguezje con* 
^' gregations. In both, the encrease in the year 
*' 1805, and 6, was S4r9, amongst whom were 
'^ 30 Heathens and four Roman Catholics, 
^' Their marriages had been 65 ; communicants 
''2840; funerals 171; and the number of 
*[ school children, exclusive of those in the 
''country, 150. 

^' In consequence of the scarcity of paddy, 
'' th^ bad been obliged to return many school 
'' children to their parents, and to refuse many. 
*' who were brought for reception. Some ene- 
'Mnies too had united to disturb the established 
order of the Mission, to grieve the Missionaries, 
to ruin the catechists and elders, and to seduce 
a part of the Christians ; but they report^ with 
gratitude to God, that these schemes had been 
confounded,, and that the better part of their 
Christiaiis had acknowledged the value of er^joy^* 
.ing the means of grace ; and their esteem for 
those, who had their spiritual and bodily. welfare 
'' at heart, had rather encreased than dimini^hedj 
"' and instances of true piety, on the occa^sion, 
''- had also encreased. Son\{^ ne w. ftrraugemeiUs 





*' had been made^ to encourage industry and'ci^ 
^' vilization amons^st the Christians and school 
*' children. The latter were directed to occupy 
'f their minds, by leaniing, in the foreuodn; 

''* and in the' afternoon, their hands and ffeet, 

,■ ' ' • , ■ • 

•* by*^ cultivating the school yards and grounds 
^' adjacent wfth different wgetables, which 
heretofore were, bought at the market. The 
several Christian families were encouraged to 


^ do the same on the spote next to their houses, 
and were assisted as far as possible, by having 
wells dug for them ; and by being furnished 
with the necessary utensils. The eatechists, 
*' afid Christians in the country, were continually 
directed and encouraged, to make the bes£ 
use possible of the ground granted by Gg- 
remment to the chapels and houses, tliroug^ 
the generous endeavours of that inestimable 
fHend ' of mankind, and of their couritiy, 
" Mr. Charles Harris ; whose removal from the 
. collectorship, they, with the inhabitants in ge- 
*' neral, and particularly the poor, most keenly 
'^ lament. Of the character of this gentleman, 


*' they speak in the highest terms. The cate- 
" chists had been encoui'aged to practice vam- 
nation, which they had done gratuitously toi a 
great extent, in various districts, kMoking for 
'^ their Reward from above. The names of 
^'' many hundreds of poor children, whom they 
^^ had vaccinated, had .been brought to tlpie 



^ MisftiQiidiiM; fttid in no instance iloes the cJf^ 
<' petiment appear to have failed. 

'^ The cultivation of potatoes having liiteB 
^ veiy successfully intrdduced^ in some of tiie 
^ more remote and inner parts of tiic eeantfy, 
'^ and a trial also having been sticcessfiiUy miCde 
'^ nearer the sea coasts they entertained the 
hope^ that similar attempts^ amongst - their 
Christians^ which were to be pursued when 
^ the hot season and the rains were over, would 
*^ not fail of success. 
^^^ They would not cease to dicw and tertify 
to the public^ that the Mission and Christianity 
'^ were not hurtful to the interest of the cpuntry; 
but beneficial in every respect^ and wor^y of 
being preserved^ encouraged^ and promoted; 

They observe^ that if the Indian nations 
were to be blessed with the Holy Scriptures^ 
or at least with the New Testament^ a^d scp^e 
parts of the Old^ in their different languages; 
the fruits of this charity would be inestimable. 
They had themselves lately published^ in Ma« 
^ labar^ the Proverbs of Solomon, and. the Book 
^^ of Eccleslasticus, separately ; and it was sur« 
prizing with what eager desire Chnstians and 
Heathens applied for copies." . 


\' In the account for. 1S08, the Rev. Mr. 
^ Paeiold, in a letter dated the 22d of Februaiy^ 

^*j i.^.^ 


ff 18Q6^ stttoB, thai .<;(miaderiB^ l¥iA»e|i(M 
«' the only EngJisU Missionary at Vepery, }m 
^!- ji|y)uld endeavour^ by Qod's gracious aid and 
assi^ta^cQi t^ discharge ^U the Missionary 
. duties ^9)self> in. conjunction .with the ca^ 
^/ chisti^ and schoolmasters undei; his immedigto 
[" insj^ction. 


* '* In the Malabar congregation at Vepery. 

^ " Infap^ cbi^jstened ------. .2* 

" Adults ditto - 9 

. /^jVIarriages .---10 

^. Funerals 31 

• ^ ''At Negapatnam. 

^* Infants, christened .-i.--«ll^ 
*' Marriages --------- % 

'• Funerals -- 8 

*' At Pallicat. 

'* Infkhts christened, of Malabars - - 6 
^* Ditto, of Portugneze extraction - -. 9 
^ Portugueze communicants, June 13-39 
*' Malabar ditto, June 14 - - • - • 80 


^ Mr. Pffizold still appearing to need ftddi« 
'' tional jiecuniary assistance, a gratuity of 601. 
'^ faM been added to his ordinary remittancej as 
'f was done last year 

'' Several persons of high cast among the 

^ Catechumens^ who had been initrttcted> and 





«' Had ob^mdjUie pious w^irg^oiihthanlSbf^ 
*^ Chjri6tiai)ft Uvi|ig;aiDOii^.T(ton>>/b»d^lnpit 
'' a\i^kened« anil ioduced, ts> fsfoohxtce GWAi^' 
mty^ and hadbeea adn^iU^liilfo.lheTfiAi^ 
;fegation by holy iwiptiifgij, ...Tilfy h«4 gla4lf 
*' received th^ in$tracUoi^d&liK«MA Itt tfaom;* 
V aad Mr. Kolhoff had h«4gr'e«|i(iiea90fiiafo pmiB^ 
vod.^ tjie; aii^le^,pr<iHf«. thoy; fafdigiiieit^^ttfti 
hey hsii ^pot apljpiraQed ChrU4i«miy 6m vran^ 
^ motives^ but from a sincere desife Un mcare* 
^' the salvation of tiieir souls. The ill^wiUiflpd* 
^'contempt shewn to them }^y their ' H^tftfeil 
^^ relations^ had not been able^ to shake r^Rif 
constancy. Tiiejj were iia()i ashasied tHioM^- 
fess that they were CbristiaD« ; and Ihffltt- 
^^\ dcavoured to shew themselves U> bfr snittl^ by 
% a Cltfttian life and conversation v . Jt moiid 
« have been a sojirce of comfo<ty had he' been' 
" enabled to say jl|hii^ of^eirbrj!^ nature CaHrni&if' 
% aiBongst tlieiu. To, preheat the^acMmiikiliin' 
'\ of mere non^inal Christiana, i the. imift Mm* 
^^u1qu% «cai:e .\va^ taken nojt .(Oiiidiftittaitairiiitc^ 
.)he cbiigregaUpn/ wIki appe«^«d 4q haifi«wi-' 
worthy vic^vs; arvdhe.afteQ uutulbatted anoB^ 
^ Q»toch^)en8^ tM: «t» .AbA fatefits^arflfehr 

.t<»<lh»f.<r»rt» ^..«J»e QflspBl^nfierevw^f^giait/ 

m ^ 


^viidraid aMMnf iof the encreaie of the coq* 

^ gregations, referenee is made to Mr. Horst's 

^Mctter. AmoBg the native Ghriitianfl^ wlio 

^' hm9t ftoiabed their course^ the example of two 

^ pmMNis in particular, viz. Gabriel^ a calechist^ 

^' tad SinnahMDal Sandoshee, Pulley's mother, 

*^ hmt been worthy of notice. The former 

^ dkd in the IdA, and the latter in the fiOth 

'* year of her age. As their lives had been ex* 

*^ emplary, so their whole conduct at their de« 

'^parture^ had been awakening and edifying*. 

^^ They shewed their resignation to the will of 

^^' God^ and expressed lively hopes of their interest 

'^ IB die gMce of Ood^ and of a blessed immor* 

'^ tality through the merits of their Redeemer. 

^ The Maha Rajah of Timjore, having erected 

^^ a very extensive and costly building, 16 miles 

^^ sooth-east of Ttuijore^ fw the benefit of 

^ Biavuis and travellers, and hating established^ 

/' ia the same, a very fau^ charitable ^nstitu« 

*^ tioa for the maintenance and education of 

. ^' Hiadoo children of different casts, his tender 

'^ ttgavd for the memory of the late Rev. Mr. 

*' Swartz, had induced him to establish ahM> in a 

^^. viBaga GaHed Kaunaudi^di, (which is adja- 

^' . eeat' to the ahovehuientmned buildings, and in<» 

'^ habited Dyannsiderable number of Qimtians^) 

*^^. a ehatitabla i iaslitatioa for the mamtenance 

^'^ and adttflatiim cf 60 poor Christian childfieii : 

[' there were also 30 ppef Christians maintained 

o a 



ai4, cloithecU,ti^ the Ji^fiJb/S) cli«iitable livti- 

Mr..KQ|KofF.retjarns tfaai!dk$ ibr the attefr- 

'^^' tioa of tbe Society ta him^ and particubrly 

.'^ for the endeavour that had been used to n&csat 

'' to tlie Missionaries and the native Christiaas, 

the protection' of Government. These exer- 

loons, he obeen-es, will be a lasting testkaoay 

*' of the kind care and concern of the HonuiSo- 

'^•ciety^ for the welfare and prosperity oCtbe 

^^ Church of Christ in India ; and he is assured 

/^ that the benefita derived from them will be 

^^ very greats if the Heathens^ who are ift'hig^ 

;^^ ofii(%s^ do not counteract their good effects. 

; '^ Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst^ in a lettd; 

y dated at Tanjore, 2Ut of Fehmary, 1807, 

'/ stai^e that the converts from Paganism and Po- 

j>ery, had been carefully, for several months, 

as usual, instructed in the doctrines of Christi* 

/^ anity ; and great attention had been paid to 

/^thje inflttence^ which, the word of Godiaade 

-i{ known t^ them, had had on their conduct. 

^^ As their ardent desire* £» JAstniGtion^ an^ their 

/^ Zfalous emleaiV(^r . to. live up to the.roieade- 

.1^ Ikvered to themi le^^ no rpoin to doubfj^^^afih^ 

;^^ liiteerity> iJ^^y . had b^n admitted .inAo. the 

;'^ Church, at their I eaurnest entreaty I 

J .. ft \K numbeJT of^ethetipensojisiK amU p^sapgst 

i '' o 



^» far AttrtA^fei; Chrirtianity, the Missimiarie* 
" had thought it their duty to explain ta 
*'^fceni Ihe^ Svhote Counsel of God" respecting 
*' their saJv^tibn; but, apprehensire that their 
•** Views were tiot right, they had thought it ne- 
•^ cessary to' have them some time on trial, and 
* to defer admitting them into the congregation, 
^ fifl their motives should be ascertained. These 
^ fears presently were found not to have beea 
*^ ill grounded, for they withdrew, and soon dis- 
^' appeared, when they discovered that they had 
*^ no worldly advantages to expect, by Embracing 
" Christianity. 

'* Some soldiers* women had been baptized, or 

*^ received from Popery, and married, and almost 

*' all of them were behaving very well. Some 

" of them were in thd habits of both private 

^^ and domestic devotion, to the discredit of their 

*^' reprobate neighbours, many of whom, though 

^ bom id a Christian country, were worse than 

^^ Heathens. And, amongst the men of the 

^'"invalid Artillery company, there were eX- 

•**■ tfmples of great attention to religious duties. 

* *»'©iV!ne service had been performed, eVeiy 
^** Sunday, in the English, Tamul, andPortu- 
^*'' gueie congregations^ and great care^ had teen 
'' taken in parttcuiar, tq instruct those^ -who- had 
-\^'b(^ti admitted fbr the first tuo«s^ttf tlie Ldrd't 
^^^^pper, udd to instil into 4hM^ a ^ear luftow« 

o 2 

^ Mf^ of die i^kure/ IntenttOTt, and ^'eittAiaU^ 
^ ble^ingf of^that idiviae iH-diiiance. ^ ' 

''^ They had Idat by death one of thdr rtioti 
^ feepectable and exeHi^ary Christims, SKAd- 
f^ lidshe^ PaBey, port Filter. He had itot otaly 
^^ been an assidaoiju; attendant at Oiarch and 
'^ SaGi^mei&t^ but likewise very exact in hh &- 
*' mily devotions twice a day^ and tbe powef ei 
^' godliness had shone very conspieaoasly in l^ins 
to tl^ yery kis(. 

^ A school which had been opened, some 

years ago, in the little Fort, for the benefit 

of soldiers' children, and which had been gier 

^ neroasly supported by the Iiberabty of (Sen. 

/^ JMadkdowal, whilst he was commandant' al 

7' Tanjore, had been likely to be dissolved, ia 

*^^' consequence of the failure of tliat support, 

'' after tibe General's departure. To prevent so 

?/ great a misfortune, the Lady of Gen, Blackr 

boume, the! ^on. Company's Resident at 

Tanjore, and several other persons, had re- 

W solved upon a monthly subscription 'for' the 

'*^ benefit of the school, in consequenee of wtiieh, 

;.^^lwo EurOpeati invalids had' been' apj^ntM 

^ >choofauasters, i^nd'ampte prdvii^on ba<>4beto 

.'^ madetifdir flinit^hing: ^yerjrthidj^ aeceMaifjr fitr 

*'* theschooh 1t)6-'Mi8»iori^kia.'lM^>'«feo'ttidAe 

/' it tte business iof vMtttbe' Mftbf^fN^tt^^, 

•'**" to sapecioteiul itre ^WilcoisteM, ittiA^jda^iiM 

" tlie progresii Of &e cKiai-eh; '' ^•>'^' ■» " 





^ Hb jEsic^Ijknpjr the J^hfi.llfti^;C^Btinae4 
to extend hifli nnwificence^tojli^r ppor^Q^ 

-fJlffnft M l|er^tpfQrerr9pQri«<l AtKaiH^clba* 
^^b^ 50,$c1|oqL boyB and 30 fWT.; apd 9$ 
^j^.cj^i?ultiy nwur the Port of, Tjaj^f , 5a pw, 
^; .jaq^bKiK^ and other real objects of charitj^ 
'; la^jb^ilging to the Miraou^^ ijr.ere. ^ntii^ 
/f. fnyiP>P|rted by \m bow^epua hand ; ^esid6$ 
Vf^bera of other poor ^ all sects and per- 
suasions. He had given .orders, that hja 
.Cbrif^an seiraAts^ civil and mihtary^ should 
^ be^deniec^ lijr their officers, lib^y to at* 
jtepd Divine service on Sundays and Ibstivalij 
^^id that they should be excused from aU otbtr 
doty ofi such occia«ions« . , 

^^ Several of the coiiDtry congregations had 
V been visited by Mr. Kolhoff, in the course of 
*! tint last year, and he had exhorted and ani* 
** mrted fhem to be ^ stedfast^ unmoveable, 
divftys abounding in the w<H*k of the Lord/ 
Th^ faithful adbenence of these eongregationij^ 
*UUf Ghrifllianity, notwithstanding the ma^y 
T':;(einfptatioiis they were exposed to from with* 
01ft. Mfid frofn wiithin, nve inexprespible joy, 
«:^^4iul Che^more to, as almost aU of them htd 
i5¥ hei&ikf bfifote Iheir convenion^ dviog robbers 
t'^^.and«Mifderers>y..profi9MoiL Three families 
,v^ amonflBt them had indeed violated their 
.^^^!Gbl9c(tian enga|feinents» ^y forming marriage 
^^ tentiexions with Uesftbcjns ; in consequence of 

t ♦ • 
■ • 





r ' 





^ whichj thciy b^t^ been censorect The l^i^^of 
^^ one of these families had exj^xeised great ^pe* 
'^ oierse for bis condoct, but the others were 
• '^ still hardened, . , 

'- In the piecediog September, Mr. KolhgfF 
went to TranquebaTj to anrange some businesi 
respecting the estates of the late Messrs. S>Yartz 
'' and Gericke ; and afterwards he went ,to Ne* 
'^ gapatnam^ where he preached both to the 
'' English and Tamulian congregations. 

^^ The Heathens had again committed several 
" petty violences against Christiana ; and a mod 
'^ proportion of their time had been employed in 
'^ compounding differences. A Christian woman, 
^* of the Bramin cast^ died^ a few years aince, 
" near Palamcotta^ had bequeathed a considefable 
'^ sum of m^ney to her ado]^ed sen and his 
'' wife, which, being in the hands of a rich 
'' Malabar man, they had not yet beM able to 
'' recover. On the otlier hand, a HeaAheu 
^' farmer, who had cruelly beaten his Christian 
^^ servant, gave a very rare mstance of equity, 
** in paying the poor fellow about ten pewB for 
^' his pains. Trifling as this compensatipii %ras, 
^ it shewed a great condescension from a'sape* 
"^^ nor to an inferior, in a couiltry like India ^ 
*^ where, in almost att casen, riches insure. im« 
■^ punity. 

'^ The Rev. Mr. Pofale^ in a lettep dated at 
ii TrtchinupaHy, the 17tb of February/ 1808, 


**^8tififtS/ that m'thc c<>ufse •of- tiite *pi*ced!li^ 
^'year, th^rc fed bi&en in that Missiori 
® ' ' '"26 Baptisms, umongstiVhich, 

'* five were of adult 

"^ Heathens^ II converts from Poperj, 
^ * *' I Marriage, besides others 

^ entered in the gar- 
*' '"^rifion regiment, 15 Funerals, 
' "*' 280 Communicants. 

^' The cong;regation at the end of the year 
^*^ amounted to 412 souls; viz. Portugueze 106; 
^ Malabars 30% : and 25 at Drndesral. 

'^ In the account for 1809, it is observed thai 
'^ several letters have been received from the 
^^ Society's Missionaries, sinca the publication 
^' of the Account for the year 1808, the chief 
'' particulars contained in which axe included ia 
^^ the following abstract. 

*' The Rev- Mn Paezold, in a letter dated tlie 
loth of October, 1808^ ackno\f ledges the re* 
ceipt of tlie Secretary's letter, enclosing a bill 
of exchange for the salaries and gratuities due 
to the Missionaries for the year 1807. amount** 
tng to 6321 6 s. ^Id. including the German 
'^ . collections for^ tlie. sapie year ; which ^a4 beea 
'^ received and distributed to the several Missions 
*^ in their respective prqpcfftions. 

'^ The spirit of refractoriness ai)d disorder 
*^ that had subsisted amongst many of the per* 




*^ Veperjr^* JmuI* been Tery tg ii ^ MbiaMy t n a fafa ed 
'' by the confitnlv of the Sebretirjr^ iMtter, 
'^vmrittea in tte nune «f Sobietjry vrbidi had 
^' befR Iranshitad iitte the TmbuI fdr Jfoiabar 
^Mflngwtge, ahd ^Kflpisnted amoiigst^ them. One 

bowlred Tiuonulknd, of the' n^ior ttibe, 
bod signed a bottd of pcdce, which hadbeen 
'' entrusted ta Mr. Jhti^'% teare. There ivert, 
^' however^ a few penona ifemaming, wh^ du- 
*' iented from this agreement^ in eiiuieqiienee, 
'^ as they aUfdged, of their disapj^ting ofMiae 
'^ of the regulations adopted by the peaceable 
^' parly, for the better settlement of dispntes 
^ among them ; and so tarbulent bad been the 
^* eonducit of these few men, that recourse had 
^' been had to the civil power to give a di6ck 

to their proceedings, which bad had some, bat 

not comi^te, effect. 

*' In reply to this letter, intimations have been 
^' givdn that the ancient regnlatioos for the con- 
^ dAct of tlie^ Missionaries aiid thehr c^ngreiga- 
^^ ti6n8, are as strictly as possible to be observed ; 

and that it is very much the wish of the So- 

^t^, which they beg leavi to e:«pfess with 


^^ the greatest respect, tiiat fhe Civil Superiors 
V in the countiy would protect their Missionaries 
y ^JsA their . congregAi(ms firofai any intrusion 
^' loi? disturbante, on the parte of thioae who may 
, ^' endeaTour to violate ihcrttlcs of the Mission. 
^^ They observe, indeed, with much satisfaction^ 



^«Mir grattihl ai:kndwkMt^im»t • 

^f ^oCMurdi, 3fi80j mentioifi, ttet ill the pneedliAg 
^fimmaf be Jmd riritdl 'tlM Ofaarieftkut at Piii- 
, ^^rKbat> btttfireen JO and 40 milM diattet from 

<«^•MlKlhls, it'hera ke bad stayed to the and of 
^ ^that laofith^ aild hadplttididd fear timci^ in 

^ Mtilabar ttlid VwtnginetBe, ik the town Chiircfa 
. ^ :of tiie 0ateh. He had t^s ^ the re<iaeet of 

¥ die prind^ Datch Gendoftfeii there^ ttdtoi- 

^ nistered Ae SatoAment of the Lord's Sapper 
f ^ to 89 PortQgaeze^ and lid MliJabar dhrifltians^ 
"i^ aad had chriMened 3S children; and he had 

*^ visited some aged and infinn GhristiaaB at 
. <f' their hoasce, far the prurposes of Ghristtan in- 

^ flftraotiotn and cdnsolation. 

'^ In the month of February he went to St 

. ^^'^'Thottiasls Mouunt^ and on his avtival found 

. ^< ail the good Chrfstians assembled Ih the house 

■ iJ^jici^fTBy«^ at the foot of the Mouat^ desirous 

: h$^. fsi beating the €k>spel ptieached to th^m in 

. o '^^ tbehr own iangaage. Twcnty^ofie persons re- 

r! * *^ eehred Ihe Holy Sacramient ; itwo Romaifists 

; <<'. vrere recdiTed intb tiie congregationa, after 

.. f ^ }«;vii1($ receii^ inatmclion inHnthe catecilists 

M '^'^rand adioolniEtstevs for a^eral mdntfhS'i tod 

'f ^ adyen Hihitbens were pablichly etatained^ and 
bnptited^ Ofsk that day; who had 4ti} pf evioasly 


J i .' 




^ enjoyed the blessing of religious insthittiiyn, 
^\ £pr a considemble period of time. Before his 
^' departure^ those good people opened their 
'^ i|Ims-box^ and gave him the contents of nt, 
amounting to nine pagodas and some fiinaffts. 
' This collection J they said^ is intended as a 
charity for our poor fellow-Cliristians at Pul- 
'* licat, who^ we are told, are snSering vrsaA 
and distress ; and we beg you will take charge 
of this charitable mite^ and distribute it among 
them, as you may think proper/ Though 
*' poor themselves, they had also promised, 
'/. should God spare their lives, and bless their un- 
dertakings, to continue their weekly collections 
for the same charitable purpose. Having 
*' taken charge of their alms, he rendered them 
*' thanks in the name of the Lord, and blessed 
'.^ them in those comfortable words recorded by 
*' St Matthew, xxv. 34—46. 
/ '^ In a subsequent communication from Mr. 
V Paezold, dated October 3, 1809, he introduces 
extracts from his German diary, which he had 
begun to keep from the month of February, 
*' 1808, from which it appears that the religious 
duties of the Mission had been regularly per* 
formed by himself, in conjunction with the 
'/ catechists and schoolmasters^ even during the 
t)me^ of the public disturbances. The number 
of communicants on Easter-day,. 1808,^ in the 
" JNIalabar and Portugiieze congregations, waa 







.^fif^y^!^^ yfho Mrere all cffiet and peaceable 

/ fCtMriMJops;. dn)(Hig9t \Vhom, several received 

f-l.^p hoTd'f Supper, for the first tiiae, after 

., pluvious preparations and examination. It 

. /^R^^. ^9^. ^t Mr. Pszold makes a suitable 
^^ U^ of the opportunities that occur of distri- 
bytijflg the Society's books. To the good ma- 
pfigement and edification of the children in 
tfte schools, he appears also to have been par- 
ticularly latttentlve. At stated times the Malabar 
scholars and catechumens are publickly exa« 
minedj and if they have behaved and answered 
^^ well, thej receive a small pecuniary present. — 
Almost every day^ be finds it expedient to 
Impend some time in the printin^^-office ; and on 
Wednesday evenings he attends the public 
devotions in Malabar, intended for tiie in^ 
stniction and edification of all^ but particn^ 
kurly of such Ciuristians as reside near the 
Churcb. On Friday evenings, the Portugueze 
^ children of the Mission school assemble in the 
^' Church, wrhen the catechist sings and prays 
^^ .witb t&em in Portugueze, and on Saturday 
'/ evenings the children meet again to receive 
'' jpalechetical instruction in English. Some 
*' Malabar, boys^ desirous of learning English^ 
'^ frequent the Mission school for this purpose ; 
'\m^ some Heathen boys are alloweci to attend 
'\ with the same view. On thie Lord*s Da^ he 
/' performs Divine service in Malabar, Porta* 










^' riages, &c. if any h^ tailed ferv : In kMMut 
^ 4Q'tlie diacbai^ «f fitted dutiecty/hftfti^iimto 
^^ kftre been often oecnpied in rtconclie^ tfiftN 
f i)ces^ vifiting and lyiBiiairtecifi^: to ftbei4icfc 
and infirm^ receiving repents .fi^j, M4l/di^ 
recting the conduct of the,.cate«lwtt...:^ 
*' the^ of&ced ne stated to haye bqei^ pteffi^fi^ed 
by Mr. Pszold with the vtxtto^ pkastr^; 
through the aid and assistance of Godj who 
^ bad pbweif uHy supported him, both in hia k- 
f' hours and afflictions. Had the ChliMi|iia 
^^ iar6und him been as ready to avai themsdves 
'^ of the instructions he dispeosedi as Im^had 
r been to dispense them — bad they tafam t»3rt 
"^'to improve and profit thereby — had they l^n 
" all doers and not hearers oaty, how gceat 
'* would have been die blessing ! But, . aias ! 
^' many are like the seed soitn by the adwel*i as 
'' described in the 8th chapter of St LAe's 
^' Qospel^ and there ifinstrated by ou/ Lord Mm- 
'^ self^ Some of whidi feH by the way^side, and 
^' some on a rock^ and some among tkoans ; 
^^ whilst there are others who resenU^ the Aeed 
.^ sown on good ground, receiving tho word 
'' preached in an honest and good, iieairt^ imd 
^^ bringing forth fruit with patience. 

" Mr. Paezold stiQ appiearing to ttQBd?liddi- 
'^^ tionai pecuniary aasistajvce, a^atnity df 50L 

^bm beni'gdddNo his ^«dip)a^ iraiiUMee;: i« 
^tkjBA^miofott'heen done. ' 
»"-^iqPlie Rev/Mr.Hotebejrjf, ki * tetter dftfed 
'mU tmhot Pebnifury^ 160», dbfterves, tftat 
''^ 'iinte hiflT hat ccMmniinication^ bis hbours in the 
^ IMfasbn hftVe been ntunteim^ted^ excepting 
^ ''when Mine derical duty had been to be per^ 
<^ ibimed at Fonticherry^ whither he had several 
''^ timies been called to baptise^ marry^ an4 
'^ bury. 

''''In both cotigregationi^ the English and 
^ Makibar, he had the pleasure to observe that 
^ tnftfiy of his auditors had heard the word pvo- 
^' Atably ; and in a few foioilies^ where the seed 

«of discord had been sown by the enemy^ his 

Mdi^vottrs had been snccessful^ and friendship 
'' and brotherly love had been restored. 

'' An attempt he had made to establi^ an 
'* Bn^h school for black children^ had &iled^ 
^^ kk consequence of a refusal^ im the pait of 
''' tkilir parents^ to pay a very tt ifle to the schDol- 
'' master ; bat in bis Malabar school fae had been 
'* more fprtnnate^ and the number had increased 
i^' from 14r children to 20^ under the assiduous 
'' «are of ;a youngs but very. able and worthy 
''^ .sdtod^miMlef^ c^d Pitshey*<Muttoo^ who.htfd 
'^ been recommended to this chaise hy Mf. 
^* Kolhoff, of Ttnjoiq. 

'' in^tfce yw^ 1806^ he h^d baptised in bdth 
<^ congregations^ J19 children^ and six adult^^ 





*» and had received one from the Romish con- 
*' fession: — he had married three couple^ anrf 
*^ buried eight. The commnnicants were S2.— 
^ In 1807 he had baptized four children^ and'tlirec 
'' adults, and had received one from the Romish 
confession : — he had married one couple, and 
buried eight. Tlic communicants were 98, 
And in the year 1808, he had baptized 14 
" children, and nine converts, and received two 
" from the Romish confession : he had marrieci 
•* six couples, and buried J9. The commimi- 
" cants were 103. To several persons who had 
*' been under instruction, he had declined to ad- 
minister baptism, having discovered that their 
aims were impure, and their conduct very in- 
con-ecL He had been applied to frequently 
'^ for books and tracts, and had dispersed them 
in great numbers. — A benefaction of 501. to- 
wards repairing the decayed buildings belong- 
ing to the Cuddalore Mission, granted by the 
Society, had been expended with the utmost 
care, under the advice and inspection of work- 
men belonging to the Hon. Company, and two 
respectable gentlemen. 

" The Rev. Mr. Pohlc, in a letter dated the 
'' 23d of September, 1808, mentions the satis- 
" faction he e!xperienced, at finding that Mr. 
*' Horst was appointed to be one of the Society's 
'^/Missionaries. For this appointment, he ex- 
''' presses his own cordial lliank.<?,'atid Ws hope 








, 67i 

*' that mr. .Horst wiU, as he has hitheito. done^ 
*' continue his best endeavours so to acquit him*- 
self in his Missionary capacity^ that the So- 
ciety may have no cause to repent of having 
appointed him. 

^' The Rev. Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst in a 
letter^ dated Tanjore^ 20th of Januai^^ 1809, 
advert to the circumstances of the Braijnin, of 
whom the]^ad heretofore made mention^ and 
whom they had carefully endeavoured to in« 
struct in the truths of Christianity^ and who 
i' had been under the necessity of leaving them, 
as it was not in their power to give him an em« 
ployment in which he could earn his livelihood. 
During his stay with them he had been very 
'' attentive to the instructions that were deli* 
*' vered, and acquired a competent knowledge 
'' of the principles of the Gospel. Notwith- 
standing the ill propensities to which^ at cer- 
tain times he gave way^ (and which^ in a great 
measure^ they attributed to his former educa- 
tion J they had reason to beUeve that his desire 
to become a true Christian was upon the 
whole^ sincere^ as he shewed himself very 
humble^ .when sharply reproved for his faults, 
and solemnly promised amendment. 
'^ Their letter goes on thus : — ^ Averse as 
'' we are to altercations of every kind^ we think 
" it incumbent on us to advert to some late ani- 
y niadvejrsions, injurious to our character, and 







V ce»^, w^. ?ieWMl v^/3?#I.J**W% i^ 

r v^w aii<^ W glory. la afknij^^ .f9|e4 
the TranaactioDs of the Afji^piiaiy S^^y^ 
*/^Nd- 1$, there, are several «ei|$iiiim^. wj^ 
^' to U8 s^em to be dictated by j^^ndice. , .^^ 
*} chafg^ 1^ the Protestant JM^asuHiaHes. . Yh# 
^ ^mt before Messrs. Cran am) I)esgii^sgM^ 
^ (Reiuiy 50 ia the first Missioii c^niw[y).99;^e«. 
*t yiating from the Scriptures^ .because 4hey. 
^ allawed the ^aist^ i.e. the di0e|ences betwefo. 
*{ nobility^ clergy^ gentry^ aind common {lepg^e^ 
^^ to subsist, (see page 356^ March 50 iQi^f^ra* 
'^ to us highly uncharitable : and to w»g tha( if. 
^^ thejf were to tc^erate the difference of ipast,. 

V they should ^oon ha?e wpnderfiil acpoiwt8.*to< 
^"^ ^nsiQit of tlieir success^ (which non/^ of all. 
^' the Missionaries before Mr. Gericke nvnaable^ 
'^ t9 do) betrays a d^ of self-c<HiceiV and vj^i 
'/ o^ huroiuty. . .To be able to (ransmit aeppfii^. 
'i so infinitely pvjjperior to ail form^ qp^ . .t|li)c^ 
'', j|«entlem^ ^Wf»X be- ppssesfied. of if/&n^y« 
*' more learning, jp^kty^ ;iealj. an^-^lpYe to ^(B^s^Sy • 
'* and to Jh^ soijik of njieu^ thafi ^l^ thpf^w^o 
'V went before them, ,. TThe. ^^j^cessiqnrr^r^ > 
'^ ar^ many/frjeuds in ihe .(^omwtqrK'MfJ^ ff^- 
'^ gladly ass^j^^ Mi^icmaries, .yr^^^qfe . 

^'^'ai least that we are not ip truly devoted to the 


•''lil'ic^W'Mmcaiito Redeemer, as (h 3 Mia^ 
^mommcl^S^ lAndon Sdcftfy. A'notlier 
-^'im ft' kri^att^ H^efki ai ift'e Hbhoui^le 
MSWn^tf- '€lfepUins of the kTMiurcfi" ' oj 
**'.*HigJfen3^,*'ta w^D s^ at us alf,' tiliere'they say, 
^i^f399^ -'flfey God indine t6e heart 'of some 
^TOe'rf'cnir Directors, or of some experienced 
^^iiiSttt;'ib ccmw* and preacfl iii Ehg^lish, and 
<*TB9!Br tiife GbfePEL ^AT^oARD HC&E. '\yhit a 
•^telHfelri^Vorfd this *be fot Madras/ as vfdH as 
^'ite *S0iitheifii and 'northern 'Missions ♦• '-'Wliat 
^'W'ttitse gentlemen meatt bV this hint? We 
**^T6hW there have tieen, and hope there are yet 
^^Wfeslonaries of the Honourable Society, an4 
*"' otter ^ei'gymen, who have as Ifvely an expe!- 
^''jfericnce of the power of the Gospel in' their 
^ h^kHs, as those gentlemen'. Wehope^Kcvcfcnd 
'^--feiV,' that these onr remarks' will not' be attrf- 
'^4iirtW'to any ill-nature, or animosity/ 'but only 
*^*kS* V d^irc of effikcing th^ uriiletvourable iuir 
-^fitelston;' \vhich the ina'ceiiwite iiatertfew: of 
'^t1W!^a»Wt^paf«iiiMct eann<!«iSflf td«dtJ a'^inst 
*'vtt»'!*ft9siohs'''6f th^ HdMonWble Soiiiety-fbr 
•'ffbifidting Christian Knowletlge. ' ' 

; •>**^'l^m' thfe commencemfenfrf'liie* Mission on' 
*^W^ast;^t*h4^ been the unifonA practice of 
'*^y| fiiV^MIssicmafies io'msfruct tlic converts 
^^-^ffdrti lieatiienisra in the truths (rf Ch^igti^mtv,^ 
'"^i^&si^ upon their leading au holy |if^/ ^mI 
'' ^ktHikg ttrat* thejr use Chiisiia&si by ^ kA m^ 


'I goqd will tpwa^^th|^B4,fq4 tp 4(>.^^ »V5fr^ 

on ftny , |^rsoA» , wt^o wished to lemhraM^ Qm^ 
\' tian|ty^ j|o i^enpuoce; his cafit. v . . . r* y^, v>v* • 
*' Ti^^xet % man to cen<Huafet,bi449?9tiAiil^^ 
fie% to require (for exainpie)]at;imKi itf Hw^jvgli 
^^y^a^ oi: Wdlalep CBe\, vh^ j^> aoctiiilfnBeii 
/^ ii^ b»3 if^apT tp liy?f Of^^y up«w vQgtt»M^i^ 
\\ tOvfipt vieajt^ to ep((er.Ji)to . 9 jqjpse qoane9^pi^ 
Z' or to, \fffei^ ^"»Be]f with t^ ktwer |jrliWP^» 
^' and^ 4AtenpiuTy witk one^a«iotbe|r (u. ^0^^ 
// th^ Pariar^ % a cast; who^ ficom tim^ imniWEiO!- 
''^ rial^ have made diagostful to aD 
>' other chnsei of the natives^ by thehr inottenthxi 
" to, and disregard of cleanliness^ and poitictt*^ 
" larly by feeding upon carrion. And ^dai^ 
/' p^.Prot^sl^t Pariars arp ja^ a|^ftd^,U>,|9M 
-/r ipKili 4^f%tgMiiiMUoA'. .y«t.«» their J^^BHt^ea 
-ff <eii4' Bomiri* idMioiM aro not detiaiMd tfai»«ie 
"" of i<;.ii} Iflicr'inanncri the av«r»ion <tf Wt^Mkreii 

> # - » 

.. .*.♦' Tl)^Pariar|^. ^ho aw Mcdyed io^ the .^s«tapiaiU 
«| (j[b^rcb« sre strictly 9hwge4 to abstain psf^cffb^^i^OV 

,*\ the latter^ And a patiye ti^acher, of the Piiriii^fa^jrhp 
** was otherwise a good iqaii^ was }ately disn^^ssed fyfxg^ bil 
<*: olQce by the Missionari^ mer^j for having disregarded 

^^ tbmr adnoe» ,^ yaelding to that, til fkro|>eD4ty of 4i9^piiKg 
1^, iiiuiw:iioD9.«pmH:h rostedin ttel^f««.itf pf^^'V 

• i T«'| 

. ^5 

^K^m^ «f^^M|i fiMy pro$>eMMfei jikilffl IMve 

^'-^eafic^ i unA #^ do Mt ft&'otn^t^ #arMfile^* 

^^4to^ir^<|ilH'0 (tf the 1|}^h4<r mnt»HnN«h ^^^tfip^ 

*" tural Mrr^nder t£ IheiiP biMi%ltt; to^^feh^nb'* 

^'HMUeMA Of 'g^Mteftutti, ih otir d#fi tountry^ 

-«^'.)WoaiMwM'Mtonikr • ' ''"'^ * ' :i. *• 

'"> "^^ A^ we piteMTt>e tMit Itie eqifity W radfi a 

'^^ ^ieiiftABd cfcnnet be pi^ved hy aidy preeept in* 

•t^'^hetiaefed bractes^ nor -frbtir ^the ^^dlce of 

<*^*flie ^p6sflM and primitive Ohrretiarw, aitff'ai*' 

^' 4leti(fe9 «irth* a dl^iMiud tnigW be prewWctire of 

^ »&tal <cmseqtiewie«>f , ^ve have ikkefi ^ife to 
!♦.?; ''I J i ' . . . i it, " 

ir.)1^^.R^^.^i4^i ^4«in^» Aw Wt QPlMMwm thif 

fJjJJfl/x^jr^pe of tlu?.(;btiati|B\ ^vftis tp juy .fonHfr^aelH 
** gioiis restrictions, which are not ooosistent .with ihek 
•* XHinstiaA nlwrty ; yet it cannot be in the power or wis^ 
^^rAe^jfe'detjr,' tombcJlish all dlrftkctlotii of ranks anct'de- 
A^^ifii^^^ IMRtit n6» do iiiey %A Mi^mdhm efftft)ed%' da 
^'rOiMm Hbm .CD: ramMi. the^tibniilbQ MHrorti, tliM^ivhlr 

^' . ther bond nor free^ neither high nor lew ; yet that sudi 
**'* privileges are no way inconmatibJe with the VArious dis- 
^'' ttnctiobs of rank and aej^ees in society, which are recoe- 
'^^Ba^dih the'G6'<<peT htself, ^ere persons df sfeverialVanKs 
^'ttfil"t6n(litfoiis' rectWe, resp^ctiV^ly^ 'ikdmonlttons' ajid 
^ <J6ii08€l,' fldapted to their f^^^ ' V " • « /' • 

'#» f ^'fltalf H cendary ajgd,''oive of the'Missioiiifies made' a 
^^%ft& of^^demahfflng fk)m i' hi^h c*t WeWtfffer^,' ^Wib' liai 
** embraced Cbi$t!anitjr, t6 f enmrnte'lft ta«t? ttWfeflfe 




*\ tibat he bad .fi^^i^^iQialgtsflMdiE^t!^^ 
^^te)«ry whQ,;fcbovgh of a ibighrwsfry «i^ jnAi^M^'' 

'^fdoy^d in.anysi(uatioa.m;theMwkn>if?«fep^ 
". vfB PHg^t^fggioifktUin )t0i biitfiftlia iiicanif>^f 

" .the TAD^#|^4i^iw w.#bI$f»4y;iiHMlaq||A4(^ot<>' 

^.t^n^l^ W|cr. the painful n^cfi$jiity <«fj.<toH4||g» 
"^ tb^ Bcuniii ta iqok ou( for assi^t^ig^ Iffimitft^' 
V Mi^lis liH^'fMre on the qoptt. r i^j:. ;:(r.f, - 
'' .A great part of the reveaucs of this ^oi|n^ 
'5 have beea granted^ by the ancient Jiio^' 
*' lunp^ for the benefit of heathen temples ^rtd 
** Bramins^ and are still eijjjoyed by tl|e; ^niQ 
i^dcr the present. Biiti^h g(^'Cfim^^r. j^* 
,9j|(^ a#,^ )ka»i)» re|KdY«$ IIp «P^i»»«^.C^«Mli<' 
*'*a(nity, he ttoi only drcnr^ n^n bitiiarif:4)ie'»- 
^ •^tgivs^tion of hid order, asr^ell Q<Mr Hiii4M0> 
'^ but forfeits all those privileges andemoliva^s 


« A little b^t of qaeaU The inao, \^. pppv^p ^ ,f|4i||fer 
** that he was above }us former prejudice^i, cproplied joif k . 
^ the request,' but instead of doing good^ It operated as' a 
^ potverful emetic, and brought the poor tua^*S'li(bViM^ 
/* immiaeut dangert" , ' 







*' 'li^MllilWft^meiriytnjoyfedr Muft'df eetttse lie 
lin^^Mdne to todk ^ to, btit to tflii-frttons, i^ho 
'Zflte'^lelopte^ hihi iii a d«t«ht sittlMioti/ in 
'' 'tflrit^hiB eftn i^i^ h» liveUlMMKl. 

5^ «^lfe same tetter goes on to stete, that the 
" 'iMltiVe fdlow-ktbourers had assisted tha Mis- 
'' sionaries, in preaching' the word rf God' to 
'^ Chrkftians and Heathens, and had visited the 
C<rtifltry congregations at Secralore, SitthlVy- 
'gudi, Ptiddupattht, Buddalore, Adanjeor/Urat- 
"^tooi^; UHoor, Kanandagudi, Adhano6r, atidse- 
"^'teml other places, and exhorted theih tdlive 
"te'beconleth Christians. The natire priest 
Sattilinadeh had been sent to Cambagonam; to 
administer the Lord's Sapper tb the' Christians 
'at that place, and id Tiropataturcy ; and he 
^'wala then at the same errand to the congrega- 
"tions, westward' of Tanjore. They complain 
'' iftttch of the want of more Malabar Bibles and 
''Testaments in all their congregations j ai^id 
they mention that, conformably to the wishes 
^ the Society, they were using their iHmost 
^'. ^ntleavburs to inure "diehr children to some sort 
1 Vtf pvoiitable labour or buiinieisi; iiHth whitih 
view they had recently established looms for 
weamg long doth aiMl tti&ts ;mA s6iiit of the 
**^'^ttnlian schodl-boys were then Ifea^ning tfiDse 
•'*'* trades; aiid to wind olf silk, for which purpose 
•*• they kept some silk- worms. 









. I' 



' erf '',iThajrflMl«|Pf»(^SI»^^»^^»^^ <b« 

" to be there^ to explain and- enforce ^^^jpmtb 
« fonyj^aaqfliilie^.; arejjiifft j;|jjj^^yiiB3 ^^fullj 
n Qomfiiesi wijUu TMe CliripUfirtg,jff^^^ pre- 
f ..veirfe«lbj,t^ Heathen ci)^\ aei^)i^t^;^|f(^p#t- 
1ei)dittg:Pttt# >wn;slui^.op ^d^„w^#ift 
ff t^m,^ vfock. A sti:icti.o)}c^r i|i^,^i]|^ 1^ » 
WieJLQeJiettt^oUectojr, tljat no jP j^^tji|jjj|ji«iild 
be obliged to work on SfMi^^ij^. b|f^,fjlfaiy»cdec 
^-as notin ^rce a»h«K|9J)Q^(p.- !^^]^.^ ]|iid(la- 
lore WM tl^ v^j -plajce Mff^ve the JaJ^^|(^.^fr, 
Swai1fs?ftg<^ sti^k-bpckk^ i^ jtole^, ,^t jtf»t 
t^nie nqta,j^e Chri8^%»,w«|»j^ij^,.^ijt ijow 
4^ere> a gjwa^ »<uiiber 9^ Chi^fj^.^ jjt |hat 
place. — See Miwion Account £91 the jeac 

'' The Rev. Mr; Umpst, ^'m a letter dated at 
?* Tanjcff^ March I, 1809^ ackno>vi^pf| the 
1' .receqpit of one Irom fbe ^Qertfryy>^ ^(ffiqimti nft 
^^-h)9t Ajli^JlBltffi^^^H Q|c^. of ^c Societv^«lVfi»- 


i < 




« Sir, t«>.ii«fce itty moat .dqti&i ibgniMr j^pi- 

" Abfe t^ the Hopo»niM4 ^let^i jfof l^^il ^ 
,^ yrogBUpp^rfntli^qafrqbe^tiiftir )Vfiifi^i>|iyieg» 



^^ stM ghLTiVi1^g iifie tlie ttstial tdlbiii^nce. It shali 
'^'Hti niy cairtiest endeavotir, with the help of God, 
'♦^io hi«k6 myself dAsenrinif of then* ftvotiw, and 
'* % lay tcl H^rt/ and strictly tb comply MrSl!h*your 
''^ ' pious kdmoilitiotis; for trhieh, *and'the|joylul 
'^ ihielTigence bommnnicat^ to me, I beg yoa 
^* to accept the assurance of my Krely f^rati-* 

' *' Tlie Hevcrend the Danish IMttisionaties, in 
^ the duplicate of a letter, dated the 5th of Oc- 
'^ tober, 180T, the original of which seems not to 
'^'hiave reached London, retkirn thanks to the 
'^ Soci^y for a present of printing p^per, and 
'^ other 'stores, which was particniariy acceptable 
'^ to them, as they had been disappointed d their 
nsual supplies fi'om the Royal Cbllege at Co^ 
penhageii. The ordination of certain cate- 
chists, which they bad in contemplation; they 
had deemed it prudent to postpone, tiU a more 
favourable period should arrive, when a more 




^ Tu^ora Mteioa, ffom SOlfa Jom to !»•• Slst 

t « 

^ ' tfirmtstsHiii 



• ^ liAUn-iednConitttt* 

^^^' ' I Ooaple I nlciuitf. 


\f^ \ t^" \ >^» ft a J 1^ \ th.\k \^ A\ '^ 



-fitec^ .nlmhl/tbe jndiattiiielig;^^ «iid 

lidieliy .D^iiatioMr.imgi^ iiex>p»iift)mi^.;ii9ith 
'' mmrtJMtiiOjBity aiMl.£eg;niuitj|^. /ItJiddaffiDonlod 
. tittm^ RMicti. mttf ftc&ion . to', fiadi duit^the. Hq- 
nourabJe. Ea^t India Cpmfmi^v bjr tr£otiiig:> a 
.iMfdnmeiit in meawry of. the>lal6 Reveroui 
Mr^ fiwar(% m . St. Mai^^'s diwc^^ at EVvtSt. 
«€borge^ \Tece iiot indifierent ta the; goad; B«r- 
vices rendesed to the public. Isy Mitfimuifiefi ; 
. Mfhtch dispomtioa bad also appeared by their 
'^ benevcdeDt curdcrs .recently sent outita^Mem- 
rnaat^ in favour of the Mi^siooams ami native 
;Qin8tians> diepcffsed throughdiit the..counir)% 
^Jivhiqh all (he Mi^ionaries acknowledged with 
. gr)^ti^jttdQ^ a^d yfi^\k thankfulness to iimig^y 
.<iWf for. having: inclined their hearty to jsheiv 
. jpub)icly tlieir kind diapoaitiofi to the canse.iof 
7, Chrwtiauitiy in their Jadian empire.: ... i 
, ^' Since the death of Mr. Domingo de Rnqpto/ 
tlifgf .had plai:ed. loner of Uieb Bohoahna^os; 
";; Mr. Youttker^ a pious and pi!omising. chasaotdr; 
\ in Um pla<;Q> as a Portu^neae read^^ and' as^ a 
jschoolmasterto the En^Hsfa chaorily .«i^ 
;!rU9dfe):.oi»nty lahoura and dnadvanta^^^ 
'^^tftOopipregatiDm hadatateiijayad'tiK^iiiechd 
^' a4 g^ce^ "and had IManinorease ef.Qiliahi}- 
%(dr¥ifk bo)^4f Clwiftian f>aMate,Tian^ M vdnlts^ 
7 rifhoMhftd ^t their, kgmt Mftiiikittm 






' sm<y- 

bnin, fiHnitiia Caddappale cgfmrtr^i'/idittretite *' 

'' tcdanfl! not :ot4y a- Iditojretidri^ bOtra-Mal^Md" 
'' pitctiofti CBirUtian/iii triiidb efaflraetcnrlMErtli^ " 
'' icqapAiinied to* peneiopre, ta their great- 4Brfi«ft0«* ' 
'' f tiao.^ Theior communrodrtB^ nduriii^' the ; |iro* 
ocdkg' ymx, is the PortugnesB and. Malabar 
congvegaiioQf/ were 1048; Ibeir noorriag^ * 
had been eighty and their funefals 48. • •' * 

The DaiHsh Mimianaries^inaQotherlettftri 
dited at Tnm^ebar, the 17th, of May, 1H&9, 
Uidosing the two prec^ng duplicates, men-* 
tion> aiAong other things, that good order had 
been restot^ in their congregations, and &iti 
many had testified repentance for their nlte* 
cotKiuet^ orally and in writing. Mr. Rottl^r 
had not y4tt thought fit to return Co Tjhanquebair. 
They regretted, and much felt bi» absence 
jespecUUy aa Mr. John, after repeated atCackg 
''^ofto'ftMrmer complaints^ had lost bi^ si^ hoi' 
<fiir,iB toMo moM^ either td reUd ^ Svrite; or 
to. take his^ share iu the different bi\uiehbs of 
his.offica, and in |feuiicufar respecting 4he cor-^ 
'Vespoiidenee. Their Mission assistant, ' Mr. 
fibhrejrfbgel^ wasalmiost in the saiM! pr^diba- 
imtitt^'rfespeetHig his eyes> irho^Ad heretofore 
beesi ht ^reat service 't» th^ MissidtV; In the 
Malabar «M 'Portifgo^so C6ngh%«tt6n9 'utid 















'886 ' 

'** ididdU. tinder fliese afflfi^ons, fH^W 4ifnW 
*" an<lf^itliAiI catecHst'Saroifag^n," and the iJtlier 
'*' <;a«echist8 in the Trariqnebar' dlS<^Ict^ W 
** tLfibrded'them mucft comfort and assisUiK^e. 

'^ Soon after fhe suf render of t*fenqti4bar, 
*^'they had sent to the Honourable Bntish go- 
^' vermnent, a petition, in which they gave a 
^ ftiir statement of their Mission, and its connec- 
^ tions, and requested the grant of 300 pagodas 
^ 'per month, and a quantity of paddy, snflirient 
"^ for the necessary expences and support of the 
^* different branches of the Mission. After some 
'* time, they got an Answer, in which 200 pa- 
'' godas were allowed; under promise, that the 
*' Missionaries should endeavour that the amount 
*' should he repaid at the end of the war. In so 
*' precarious a state of the Mission, they could 
**' not but experience great difficulties, and its 
*' aifferent branches were conducted not accord- 
" ing to their respective wants, but according 
*' to the scanty means with which they were fur- 
^' hished. ' 

u Tph'e Commanding Officers,' and ftritisii Go- 
"*' vcmment, had shewn themselves kind aiid po- 
*'' Kte, but could not relieve and assist flfiem more 
*** than was'irt their power.*' 

/ .1 J 

,. /Via tjie Accoqnt for 1810, the Kfy. Sl^etsn. 

^' KpUieff and Horst^ iu a letter 4^^ed,s^ Xai^re, 

'' the 30th of January. 1810, repwt Uiat they 



^,;J,ofal^^,^^lJ{,/eligiQ^ to i^e^thej^g. and . jp^iitJ^ 

J J^rf W J^^ ^wvs^ ,Chym Jews. 

\ ^ '^' :^U^g.the.dif](Gxent c^ i^^^ift^ 

^^ coaqitjry^ tii^^ ^^> are called Tdaqg^r, qiid 

^^ who.jEup vrorsliippiers of Yislinu^ ara, jpaq^e 

^ /"^ mvefe^Ue against Chmtianity tban ^Ipth^rsy 

p; ^ramiiv only excepted. A mftn,,of,.thw^^cwt^ 

' Y f^^^V having been instructed, and kep( o% t^^al 

^ for a long time, was admitted into the JCJSfkgv^^ 

'.' jg^ioUy by holy baptism^ some year» 3ince. 

i* [Th^ey were happy to , say that he had evia<;ed 

^^ the ^n^cei^ty of his professions, not 02\ly by 

'S leading a, Christian lx£e^ under many sn{l*eri^g» 

, . '' and difficulties,., but particularly by his endea* 

\/^, youring to prevail on his &mily to embrace 

. *[ chr^ianhy^ which by God's blessing had b^eii 

'^ attended with success* Amonr all the c%te« 

\V chumens, the faoiily of this, man had giye» 

^ them the greatest satisfSgtckion^ by thqir atj^n* 

.^ ikmip^ andbve^ the truths an^ thi^r 4evout 

'', frame Qf mied. 

_ '' Aippng tl^ deathii that h%d oecuiTed, dtt|:ing 

^' the latter part ^f the preceding y ear^ and vrjtick 

they much regretted, were those of the cate- 

chists JDhewasagayam and Arecli^pen.«— The 

^ latter was of the Kaller cast.^<— They 4iad both 

/^^^ egav^ried from pagan^m, andlmified up 

f . . . . I ♦ 




t»)t&ke <id»«'^f!lW «oH^i%gMitttt> aeVUHadbir^, ' 
v#(i the - hXt^ ' that at ArdiiW&t^mfRk^tiMi. 
•AkHoc^h thcHT tafeiifsirare'^nM ito MiIkM»'«s 
those of some other native labourers, tlftV't«<eK ' 
-fliUIifW in improtki^ them, AWt- Had rendered 
liwmseiTes gmatly esteemed byHhe -HeatheM, 
^ UnAi as among^CSiristiafts, t^y •ih<Hr€HinWtaii 
(Riposltion> their unfeigned "fitiy, «ni>'tltetr 
prwience and' leal, in the^ dtecbai^ of theur 
•'••Aitirt. • '■''•'■''.. 

'*f The httntberof commnnieattts, ift'th^'file- * 
Usedlng^year, had eiceided- that bf ill ftrriher " 
-years. All of them, even tho&e df 46(ig^ stt^d- ' 

"3ttf?, hbd*een fuHy insdrticled, at tW Vefy 
''-tefewt, for one week previous to thfcifr ^bdhmisston, 
« 'concerhmg the nfttnre and use 'rf ^^'''H6ly 
*• J84cmnicnt/ = arid the ' duSes of -irorthy eotrnkth- 
*' n9eaai§; tod vphdever had no<l fle^i&rly ine- 
** tehded tMtoe lectures; iM» not-adiftitted td the 
'' fitn'd's table. 'Those itdmittedMbf the tirst 
" Hkde'hbd to dttend 'ahe^cAl.j^VejpaMtMk'^df 
" at least four weeks; but sometinM'^f'tNb ' 
" OMity; or ttum^ ai»M>j^^. t«.%bpirTdifrerent 
" tklsAttf' mcA dis^tioM.' ^^l^N^ hsrdi^iff ' 

" (])t()|^fii»!lt}<)«; <lhe oommtiitti^ ifitlMlifie^ 

" iwtthose d^cinness' tm ' whk;h^^i^4isd ^ttt^ ' 
" ,1i«iaKd, {not by iriabtii^'t^M^npaat «i^^ " 
'*''Ainb<or«^o^d»i :btt4i)y.4tesirt«9.tlleatfjt»?dlate" 


*' ,^W£¥4^j..^<hkli 4id .not ^tdii eccttjr) KHey 
'^^)»w« }iiQib allowed ifi^fwtiAe of ttie-Holy Sit-' 

ir'/Khci BrIitgi(9mLriei acknowledge, ^tk li!»- 
'' if^^ g^atitude^ the bountiful mercy of ihoA, 
'^.iv}ia>liaxi« iaolined the. UonauraUe Couft ^ 
^- J)irec(ai8 kifidiy to grant them ISOO^ago^fts 
'^ .yetoly, inttmd of the former annual allomAoe 
*s of 500 pagodas, for their schools. The liefrs 
'^ of this MC|son«b}e relief had . reached them; at 
'f^.tjinie. when they Avare neacfy evervrhelkKd 
*f .V^jMxietyakvL sorrow. Hiicb a supply.. re^ 
|M!ied.libe« fmoi tbo*necassky of couUracting' 
any. xmio debls> and would enable themigra- 
dually to pay ^ those - which they, had . been 
'f oWi|^ to Qo»tract^ in order to.raaintaia .th^ 
'.' minjriMltijifa )aboui;i»rs in. the Tiu^aveHyt 4i^ 
'' tticL; fortiwittch, j t;he^ annual produce i Af.>|tHC^ 
'' tialfe Mi, S^^aiUz'a.legacy waainsutt/sieni eqif * 
? ttatty^ aft^ 18000 p^o^ o^ tb^> fnad tout 
^Miaan.suvk^ ^ • '. > i. - 1 ^ * 

. f 1^ pM|^»se of GbratiaiHty, aiid thttiMa- 
'^^iM^rston ol tjb4 Heesithenfi, resident tit « dKMsiierf 




'sAat^the Lofd'of the bakmM wditdineKne Ui^' 

'^ sfbte^ (o enable tbew vigorously to cafiy 4^h' 
'^ iiis iroiktB that nation. On this acooBiit^ they 
^f .Item nprxioM. to be &r^Hrifecl wUh a pifttk^-* 
'' ]ifes9 at Taiyore. The bi«(Aap«[li afrTraiu^e- 
^ bv bad aflsisted them^ as smch aa Mns in their 
'' ppwei^> with bookstand tracts^ yet Jtbe$e,^|ip^ 
*' }^ w^ri^ utterly inefficient Car their ii^kkly 
" extended Mis^iojnu TlieirwWof BibieayTas- 
^^ tamante. Psalters, and. other mligioos ttoaka, 
'i !waa greater -tbaai tfaejr orald che«(nnbe; 4f it 
^ :irane » thoir fower to AimMi. ft katt avfry* 
^,, BnteiteJit ikmily wtbm oapy7of tkejSci&ptwesr; 
'^^with cateabititts, and i>diec btoks of 4ewtbil' 
''. attd .acri]itiiial :. noodify, tiwahm jif mftdetf 
^ and Roman Catholics vvoaU be^bettieited ; (h« 
^^ dfatance of most «f tfiair Mictoioki plicaa item 
^ JBiHopcasu^ baiag' of ^caniaidaidfale^'ildniajtgg^ 
^^ifilDtbe icaaveiaion o£ the natma If vHtMnbaj^ 
fFitjrpsB co«U. n«t be procarod,. Ihey m)^'. stiH 
f' ib.micfa good; by printing Portugii0ttt<.teiits;- 
ff j4l»i» bfliag gru^owdiers'tf Rbntit^lai&otici 
P^:.«fti4at(C»iti.i ••!. y •'. i . . ; t' %..i ♦* " 
i.f^ IsMbfOBtenpt tD-tUR^EUttr; da*M|<tti|i'iddt 

''r thir^rnipe Aiiicles ei the Church of £H|^aiMl} 
"Mte\:JlitifpiatiA» Conletsioii^ tnd the .Nwnie 

I^iQQmomnduni tbe Board deem< inpofier 
j(Q JiiQ. SHbiniMed to pablic iDspeelioii^ itnd is 



f*'^ Memorandum tf the Timjore HMssionaries 
"''■ ^ concerning the SuggtHion vf emploi/ing 
' ^ Sylvian Priests as Missionaries. 

,, "* AlttmA^ in I7S3j sad foUowing 3mura> «iir 

naA Mttdott^ by die advice 4>f diw flrimiii^ m 
YhSitro|^« eadetveured te nnJie«M$qimml«iiet 
y .wilUb the 4tgaiili»}es md prksto ^rf^itbe 8t.'Th<i^ 
^l ma^riMr Syorian Chviiitifuii^, and to BDke^tkem 
^f. wit^ tile Pi^ttitant Ctiarch; ov at least to 
^f htmg tidem to agpree in doctfine widi^licr.Kro^ 
V tfiltaAts. Thejr faoped^ tbat^iheliatred of thii 
ff' Symf» c^gafafist tbe Ptf iets iweuid favour eadk 
'f ja<atiimi TJliey t mplegred for this jpariwin li 
i^ troty leemed.Diviae <tf the^Refetrnd CMrdi 
^' at Cochip, tlie Reveirend Valeriai-NieeWymiril 
/r^^^i Kspekft ¥iilb iMferat^ 8f nM- pciMfeii ihat 
'' <same totbiD ceaet at diffirmiit timer ttit Itkef 
^fSireacial ftotaUig^.to §ive^:afl ko|pel ^ 
^'attoh aoitwMi/' "Tlie foUuwiiig} aiwiiart iofatlife 


^ fciMt ^ifHSIfen*'¥<^i^5aiWh«tf wB*rfw>#*^IpSir unfit 

*.«o|lAi4«. •" ' • ""* -^ ■"•-^- ^»- "^'* * 
^ Ist. The Syrian Christians aM^Wjilllf^^to 
" two sects, directly opposite to'^th'otfW^ yet 
*'-^t4illy rtccdiiig =from'tiic Ar(WMR***idi*ii4* 
" of -the • Christian Church ;—N'fe«TofeiAlfii'*^ni' 
'^ EuTYCHiANR. They pray moreover' " W*^tJie 
Virgin Maty, and to the saints, (thoug^i'not 
pr^h^ely to ^he same as the Church of llodi'e) 
find 4<^.«jre {h^ir mediation, They belief IBat 
" good works are meritorious. They hold the 
^ doctrine of works of supererogation. TK^ 
'* pubBe prayers and administratidh of fllfe Shki^- 
'^^m'cHts are m n tonj^ue not understood %j^t 
*' people; 'Celibacy has grown cuslotnar^'ftffiing 
^* their prints, though it is not enjoined. " iftius 
their do4!tlwe militates against th« 2d, 5tli', 
1 1th, I4th, 24ch, and in a manner also agmnst 
*' the 3dd artides of religion, and against tlie 
. " STirene creed. " .■..'../;. 

" ^'. They are 60 igfrrcflrant^ tikt l^uif ioifld' 
." not even be us«d as gdb-tfs^km^teriMfrltiMVe ' 
'- catechktt, and oFtxtaiifk, as M^ poMi^ W4o" 
.'"be; they are obMinal^, and VWJtfMT' iibi^hiteVW 
=" 08 to ' conform to theh' ipendasioti'ia'ny^^nKSilt, ' 
« "instead of oooftnrmfii^theinMMres tftfWi'tMe ' 
« Clmifcb of«ngiaiid: - ' -'"^n ^^*^. ^«i ' 

^ mlj FAcir* pnipcr tsnguagviruoc jsfvtKtffnm 




" which afe aimcet the same as th^.^^^^tte- 




[rfi^fS^:^ c^i}^ty .With tb^ higbest^cgst of Uuit 
f^j^ouj^y,.^ tbe Njtirs ; ftnd on ^this ]^cCQ)ii;t ttoy 
;^jha|re^.ha|-(lly, any intercourse wi^h people fot. 
J,j^5^fl[Wcasits,- wbereby tb^y incapacitate il^m-. 
Tj jj^lves for the .j^opagatioa pf Christianity- . 
•• 'i ^^ ''^^P® '^^ above reasons will justify our . 
: ^^^est^ that we niay be excused ,£rom ad^i^U^ 

tfVig^ ti^flSf Chrbtians ^to . a unioii of £aiith with . 

cyvsuBlyes*, at^l to the ofiSce. of teachers ,iu..o^r^ 

,c^<94p^ icpqgreiliations^ in yv^atjpn of. qur 

of^aatign oa(b. 

'^ J. C. Koi^oFf. 


A letter from the Rev. Mr. IColboflf, i^t»d 
.^t Ta^jC,. the 29'Ui of A^gyist, ^8^0, . (jom- 

JBWJWSJM^ infons^wp ^l the de^h^pf tj}^ IJw. • 

, Me-jHwrtv ,T|»e I^«riiwMt^Al?ili^,of this . 
.^e fver piusued his .work;,j:^.;«s^iVki^9{|ii' •• 

<j q 


« . 



*Ar^ektxMxix^ lament ^wvjA'^'waik^viiiaaftk^'A 
■J!i B:yieta^ ivhtcfa hud depmedlthrlt^fiBnoa'Brii 
feidifttji pa(tor> aad a innnekieW'^MIribf 'k 
kind par'ent, and c^ectionate hddfaan^ It'wtfs 
parttcvkrly afflicting to 'hate 'hftnrieaHediftvAy 
'f Btiiime, when th^ wsltA of fekhfol MissibiA- 
^^ riea was so Sefverely fek/ and whiUt hisi aaiia- 
^' ble disposition, and uncommon applieaedota to 
bwtnessas'a lAmlatiOty, hadaffinrdedifliettiost 
sangitine 'hope of their recdhridg ewrf anM'- 
aiioe fr6m likn^ and of bis pctmag a U6ifci% 
td the Missions of that eoanti^« . .Tlifiaffe)-- 
ing^ he oihtentent, during tii< Ktter fxlft of 
^' hfe i^ness; hftd b^en very severe^ yeV.fefe en- 
' dutad them with the ^aiienfce and: firom^f^ pf 
a Christian, His humble submisiioii iQ: the 
ivill of God> on his approachmgr* diMitoitim, 
was traly altsrkening to every me tlMtii^nded 
'^ hftm ; and the peace and traaqliillitif (hat he 
'• enjoyed, to his veryjasf breathy waa >^ j^veiy 
example of the inestittmble ftappmMStrihtt^t- 
tends^ a VEb of ^oifliness. The ilhobght'of 
ledving: a krge femfly xm^MfhieA ^iOfii was 
the only weiiiinstancc.'flial flow :oft^? then 
1'^ afflictod; his mUKl 4arinf hia>)a«lii9nesi;t and 
^ ftfc^' days befwe his 4m^,' he*M^ :V^^' 
*-' kriy ttijpxffstfad rtheir •Wwfhy senior^ V/fh«^HeY. 
/^ Mr> PoWe^.andhhnsdt: <i^i»te9?wi€hlW#i^fie 
*' Honoarablc Society; ii» faVour of his distressed 






TfO<Tliemt/8Mfalk>pr<^e]fty, diai^hfld b*en>lefit to 
.r)thifi«sfr€«ed'4niily, i«« intttlSqiekte to l^ro- 
ff/'vifle fhr k«(b6 neceMUries olf life; • ' Ttae' gorroW 
//r/Mt^Holhoff floral thiaaffli^^ and 

fffith&JdsdJDocaiiion^d thei^by to thd Mi^ion^ 
^irand^td drbeveai^ed &iffilly, Inud^becsn morethail 
ITfhetcottldiexpceaar. . , 

>.fr')'Snhe botfatdtoof the MinUn was earned On 
fifiaaMori; TUe natiYe priest Sattianden had 
,^ihML irmiling^«.xi(nigre|^ioiis.ialh4 province 
KUotlMktaatim, when he had.beai of milch seN 
<<':irte0. ii&hMlth^ how^ver^ beings upon' the 
i^^ dMltae, new assisianee had becoime abscrf^tely 
yttMefMtry; and be lherefo^e ' begged the Ho- 
'^ ndurable Society t<r permic ;the ehiination of 
^ Mmn of their mtirt tdachei^ and to grant 

ft Jv The Miwioii Ckmrnittee haTk^ taken the 

^liaggeKtioQi contained in these tetters into con- 

'^'aideiMionj agreed; (and the Btard oonenrred 

>'')^th4lliem) lio tiansniit theMOM, jastaiboat to 

ni^ be^iteiitxtait« te Mr. rUorst^ -widi the.oustoinaty 

* '^"^ ndkXks und giatuitiea ^tO'tdbe several Misiiona- 

^ "^ tiCiK^ to^hisWidbir ^rs. 1^ 

ui»<r||i^heffM4f and'lhtnityy 'traisting "that ^Oen will 

'^^^bb {>leitbged>to^ni8h «hefe ^with «dditibnal aid 

■'•^^' Ifrofn othfer ^aitei^ ; ^^, that - the ' surviving 




teachers, be deemed by'tlieiB q/iif»li6e^,AA4!fi*'' 
to receive the ordination, dispensed by tbe 
Lutheran church, and they actntdly do rec^ve 
^ the same, according to the rites of that cho/cbi 
''that the Society will grant salaries to thesD; 
'^ for their services in the Mbsioiis, as has here^ 
" tofoi*e been done. : \ 

'' The Rer. Mr. Pohie, in a letter 4ite4>^at 
r Trichinapcdy, the 16th of. March, 1810/; »d^ 
'' verting to an enquiry v^etbei? it tranMibe 
^' practicable to esifdoy the clergy of.itol&jffKtt 
" cUnrctt, on the Western coaA, in (be So^tty^ 
*' Missions, observes, that he can oaly;iomilio», 
^' with respect to the Ghristttes of ^mt clMM r c h, 
f "iriiat their ppedecessmrs, the ioriner Mwmiuh 
f nes^ bad reported on tbtt snlqect^ ilk Uieir 
f ' German Missionary accounts, mrkUk bft; 4tad[ 
get tnkislaied into 'EnginAi by Mr. Hm^^ wid 
a copy whci^eof he had -salb^ncdg frnorxiiiiok 
^' hedrew> as a conditsion^ (ke^ inqpin|G(if;9htli^ 
< of niiitbg, in .Minion concwns, yFJtbi ijlj^ose 
Christiaos ; adding; however, tlvatMicNr^yii^at 
situation miglit probably be better kno|f^ 4f 
sont^.p/ersoii, acquainted wtdiih^i; f^fogaagt, 
/r Yfwi to: reside amoag.tham' fifr n^^^ffTrp^ 
i^ for.the.purikise of gaiiiiugi5ufficien|;.^||^l||ina- 
^' tion respecting their ^prf tent stated .• t.. i ' 



'^-liitdMstfaig and • p«Mted, (hat >il (m beta 
f ' tlisMied' proper <(<> sUbjoi» thei». 

** Extracts from the German Missionary 
1..'..' »/>. I 

' '^Accounts concernins' the Thomas CkriS' 

t f « 

■ <' On tke 9$th October, I7S5, tto Rev. Mr.' 
*KSelAi1iB, Royal DtiiiMi Missiortafjr, addreteed a 
^riittthi letter to the Valerius Niooki, reformed 
9' iiftilitfr M Cochin^ en^qniring after the ecde- 
^ •ftku^ieal and ctTiI state of the Syrian ot Tliomag 
^ GhrMiaM at Cochin. That geMdeman's an* 
^ swerdid not come' to hand until the 19tii Oc- 
'^'tober, 1788. He said^ the Syrian Christknft 
^ had' no proper goremment, bat were sut^ect 
* to the heathen princes of that country^ 'and 
^ *#ei^ ^lit into two Mictions, eaeh of which had 
^'^fts ^partbi^op. The Maek Bishop; an Indian^ 
^' TVIif Thomas, to whom the Missionaries had 
V^#h»te, had lately died, and his nephew, of *the 
^'fiatnfe name, had succeeded him, but the ^vhite 
**^ 'Bttho^, Mar Gabriel, was a native of Jerusa- 
^ ttrt. ■ - ' 

»^^2***^^bout'some ceremonies of the Armenians 
^ With whom the Syrians hold commiunioti in 
^'MMhi^, ' se^ the German Miction Serfebt^ 
'' Contin. 8Mii p. 1146. 


^^0m«ur, viriM rfrom filBttrai^ mi the UfeJDe* 
^'^ember^ I7S9t Mmiftt tMAhfij^miimam of 
f' 'the SymnsV from the Mahtet jwast, tiiigHrly 
''- oaUed ThomiiB Chriitifims^ cdme bene to> Uk% 
f^'at the St. Tfipmad feast on th^ fi^at Moiint 
^^ We have h^A already several viaito frem so^re 
.'^ of thowi priests^ wha cometo beg^ an alms^^nd 
ff'* whoiat mich a$ couid bexoHectedifroBKttteh* 
^^ di906«r»e> seemed'to iaro«^ mote -o^ Gliku^ 
t liaqity thQn the namo. ' Ateo oftbe Bsrfiac^ 
^ 4Mrhich Cbi^ ought U^ u&#en<And/iaany qf^dieitt 
f/ koow 90 lilAle, thait they neit;h«r Imoiir dtow 
^J • to Mgtsik Of to read it [N. iP/ Mr. ^hifhcuraa 
^^ a famous %riac <$cholar^ and Messrs: ^urtaiias 
^^ and Geistor imre lU^eiripe |gp)Dd( f(ro|ckn^ in 
1* that laagqa^e^ as inost of oar MUf^ionttriet 
V' M^era ya fhoao di^jf,] Tlo^yi we iMLdcagdio a 
ffMnsit firomtvyo Boiqish.jpcie^te if tltat iiiftion. 
•V. Theif pfiothtE.fqngoie wM the J^eisJlaViihib* 
y lect^. t!T^'70Uttg^. o£tlie ^o f poly Ifrgy-* 
*^; Tiapi, and ivaa ablfs to rf^(]|i iq (boir SyriiffiiMi|wil, 
1- 1 iit<)iiarto^aifhic)).hcibadir^ and'^yUcbiras 
V. j^rit^n ^vith »d;fL|ici Uaok ti^^;. baAitbr/Syritto 
r.Nc»v T^staiwot^ which'. TW'^kidjbofor&'^m^ 
'■ ,\mi (SiO^}A lA^t mqulfr .b^oto^wliieic phandters 
%..w^rat)f.aidiffiffeiit..kiRd» • Ji^ .{mul^uAced it 
\i ia^. 4i%r<»tiy ffooi .iwhiutiVfo iiae kotdpoAffft- 
K:i;(9e\^:W itooi. the tprpmuUrioltioiijafljsOreal 

16 mn^aai^i^iild Mtilhwfifore gi^e anjr vtay-in* 
>F (Gh]3bfei»ii«. ! i t Tkey ^di9ied» . tbati t diisy tMdeBa>v<- 

4tfjnih|wt;to'% j^bftague^ie' Pi^^j they celglird^ 
Fr.M itfaierl^V^. accofvUfg'to the Rornra Mwai^ 
f hofH^r ki thf^ Syriw.tongnei iuhI eKp^Vi^tt^ 
i^i tine pepfite BOiQQthiag in ^e Mahtidavi tongue, 
^.iWjdtjisct , tliey ,««rier^|imji »q . SjiwaCp They* 

f^ao vi^ ^jrKiac,, 910L tt)». Mf^fMlam. ' TiieiE 
iL p)Di^ tfet'Dot .gUovvQd to mi^jr,^ ud /9re . ffH 
^f. Jtak^D,. frc^ the co^t .^f ttie Gafl$eiis«e9^ whd 
^ baTA b^^ prints fronii aacsieiit tiia$». Tiiey 
^f AdmiQifiter the Saexament only uQ^^^one kind. 
^^./Tj^y jftdore t|ie..Saints> and say Pinter is ;tlm 
ff :i^ief <)(f>tb4^^ and not Thomas^ai^ ti)^. Syriana 
-^' lead^»= . AboQt ti^te iaat pDintei the Msaiiqna^ 
^f^Hept^iiokw^a Iklleiurith^t^^ bf^sjffd it 

Jf <iii4he#ve Molalpiay i^> wi|ka i^TVi4 ;iDdi0^ 

o« ^ipii^iani alow, thfey ^crrI atvay. 7^|r ^en 
./^. if^^s.m/loog^iwuNH^s: of }»tu^* liiwnv Midfi bUc^ 
?tt|uiiwiaap> >wadftpa^^ * 

^^ '/^ A.i)iutc)i fentleomi^iA ooMifl at l^Jeget^at- 
-^^4ia«i^4iMl b«en 'm^fointad «ecMd i|| cpuoMi bt 
;/' Caqlitti.Aiitoib^ dotba Danipb M^pitna^ 
^' ri^, eyiery /i^nrice in hw povKf r. Tljey f ent 

^^'Cte'Syrian CMe^idM^, tt» tiicy wt§r« dc»lmvi of 
^"ascertaifting,' folgether ivJfli ^titti^ ' tMMk# « for 
^^ <i' pre^eiil to them, and«i tettef and ' fparc«l^ of 
♦^'IWiAsfofr rtie rererend miAM^at>Cofhii¥. -^ * 
' ••^ OW lhe«th DteemHier, »I7Si(; AeR^v^W^nd 
*^'tJie Misstonffries ^t Tra*iq*dbiar teceitifttfa'v^stt 
M fW>m fiitatite iifrie^ of tll6 Thonf tt^ OhftetTftis; 
"^'1^ hfekd ^Mn OFdaiiiM by the Idtef llbr Ga« 
<' brifel, who^ n€fpH*w Witf Thbmas; ita« %t pfe- 
^ seht the Syrian Bishop. The principal diftrr 
^^ ehce hietweerir b6fh kas, feat Mar^brid t?ele- 
*• brtted ihe gacriflce'of the linasi with Pmin, or 
^ uhfermehteij' doii^h/but Mar Thbrtias vniH 
**' 'Hhrimtra, or l^aVeri. He produd^d a ishott sfatte- 
^' ttient from lite late Syrirtc preceptor: there it 
*^"iTa« said, that Hhamtra had been introdnced-on 
^' iht airrfVal of one <fohn from tJrisheleiii or Je- 
^ tti^ehi" togcthiir with thre^ others, Oregoi9ad, 
^ Agwaftes; atid* Andreas,' the lattfcr three* had 
** dIdF 'sdoH • ilfterwftrdi. '■ • M^ 7lk>Bi&s. hud nn- 
''• lAiUhiEM H ihto His two fthd- twenty 'tMirehei, 
''•)bii0«ffKte«(rii<i it wastiot'Ciltelv'bMaiisfe'ftirra^ 
>K daid; Ui^AiriiiiiJki ttot'^trteivm*, 1 OA<.«! 8. 
<(«<[A<a>rt«ffil^i<i^MHob^, li^Mch taertftiifiy «i^er 
'• *htefett ««• Aportfe«8 iriftW*.]- ' TMs' MMWdha- 
^•H*« 9f»eS*e*«m' «<e Loril'^'Preyer atid 'tlie 
** OHeed,» df iVhitft '<he «*ttf tt*«stetor'ft)rt!ic 
^"Utrt«h govelTiiii^ftt ' at '©ochfti', -Mi". O.'ta^ 

f^ j^tSeiTisit^IiaKl yvvHten, v»/ ^Hiilti cwo Ik m w r tt- 
'•^ rtam teiterg we oftfly * medim beok« ; teit that iti 
^ Hiercaittile tmn$ai;tion«> anotber aoft ^ IM^I^ 
^' is «!<«}, whicl^ Aef e«H CmV SHcila. I0 Am 
f*^ IfefeiKlata cfi^et ami eharaetora tliare «fe 
f^ Gbmtiftn ^ehook ke^)! by nathresi Vhd 
^' Sbimanteii of CMntfaw chaia^tep and faun* 
- ' ^^^^*^ ^bey fearn domethiies fiKun GhrUtims^ 
^' sometimes ftotn ' the Neuhem, amoA^ • whom 
^' tliey dvrdl Those wbn arc. >t6 becciirtA 
" pri^ste^ learn thte Syriae from gMttuaai^^ 
^ aidistetf^ try those "Vriio undersland* 41^ brit it 
^ cornet HJito ^iknne, and already ai-tlNi^ Uiii^ 
»* (in i79S,) there weit^ very few who ri^l^ 
f^ umfer^dotl it* Hie Mfssionaries shewed hira 
^' Aeir S^^iac Netv festament, which* be read, 
^' ^tti andenstood tolerdbly well, nortwithstdnding 
^' tfli6 chkractfer«;*to whicfrlie had not beett used. 
y* ttftssdd/tirat whenever they read sromethffl|r at 
^'^ tRi4rcli t6 tht pfeople, *hcy ek^in to thettk in 
■'^ the Malbtelamlinguagi, ih ^rhitih^tfalect the 
■^ yotihg'JwiojjW learn aUo the 'Cfeed; the Lwfd'i 
'^ I^ySI'^^Ae Ate Ma«a dettblless iflio>[] and 
?^ fth^" lls^*^hiHpa^ p^yern and parts of thi^ 
^^QmmH^} m bad^a Syriae MisMil^the «aine, 
'f it 9eem6^ with that wl^b^ jMfar Oaibriet^bad 
^^-^ifttil. 4( wa» writ*en partly witb red^ partly 
f' wilb'blili^k Ink.' W^e iKWPd'g PrayiNr oH^Wed 

". He: ijatm^ited Yeiy j^iaMi^ .tM<be aq^^ 
5^ ;bqetbrQa3)Hml4tbeve(y, gl«4 if 44¥J eoukl,get 
'5 »ri4i>f th^ J«6uite and C^Lrmelijtef . ^ Tha JesHite 
f ke called Padrim&F de S^ Pai^o^ or. Pa)i)isto« 
// TbU oame i^ wbict^ t^ are ca^i^ allorer 
^^ the peaia^ula^ is deriyed fr^m the GoUegipni 
/^ )PfliikiHuu ai Goa> winch is their first chufch 
^fj:wbijch;they. hav^. foundedi ip India ; not fipm 
V FwB» P^ni UL whp seat ^hen^ tQ tadi^i. . 
J. r Aa:this Syrian prif^rt, on^ficyni^ of li^cpst^ 
4^ wouM Q<^ Wt wi^ o^r Tswpjilf^r^ qmch kss 
A' mith o^ Ettippi^u.. ]^iaiioa9rie9> ke^vas 
<' iPfalligiad ta parry % (:aok. jof bis oir,nca9t Along 
^ with bim, Tyhp dressed hisviptaalsiQ th^jiwse 
'' of on^ of th^ Tapiul scboolmastersw . To this 
'* schoolmaster he 3aid^ th»t he had been veU 
'' pleased with all what he hid seen^aad that the 
*^ MJssioiiaries ivere i|o doubt geo4^ m^ ; l>at 
/^ that he found thneo things de^uent in tke Pro- 
.^ -testant religion : ]i. Tbatw^faibd apt the fW 
^ sah^ or saciiicetof the " mast; 9y No^. bad/wfc 
•^^ M^b^ Vqaapkam> op Hie afbcation ; of 4hfc 
ff mother of God ; 3..N|»ithar hful .we <QrQf'* 
'f (> fiandhi^ or fiisting' days. 

'^ Hereupon the Danish Mjssioipri^ii^^ 
*' remark; such expressms mdicata^ thatJT^ 
f ure QQt to indulge wpiy hopes, <rf lu|it|Dg tbose 

*rieiiriiitlLnB MtUli the Protesfont :dnfndi. TIi« 

^ 4if4Vniin iimid isfoo strongly %vedded to tbeSra- 
*^ 'flitioTJs itihei^f etl' from tlifeir foreffirthcw, ife "we 
'♦f^lnby see fn EuVope witt thfe Greeks and Biiisi- 
^' Alia. ^^'[Tfcese latter caiiae the Protectant PlSn- 
^' c^s^m;' who are married to Russian l^rhfices, 
*^ 'soletifnly to abjurfe the Protestant' Paith.J 
^•THuB it is no \VT>nder, that all the troiiMe of the 
*' nPfet. Mr. Nicolai, at Cochin, has btjcw In tain. 
^* Pnrthei*, it clearly ipit(*aTs from what' wc for- 
'^^ tnerly wrot^, that th^end, for tvhich our fVicnids 
^ in Eni'dpd adri^d' ns to make acqaaiittance 
' ^'#ilft iHe Syrian Christians, is not to be attained 
^ iVen iVitM rcg^ard to the language ; since nol 
<^ linly the languages themselves, but even the 
« 'letters, dfBfer from each other, so that tbey arc 
< not able to read any of our Malabar books. 

5 , ., y tjoulin, 3^ p. 153. 

%,if< iKatbing4»*mofe ard^nely to be wislmd/tliaii 
'/ tha|r God would v^Miclwkfe out of^tlw mjCwK 
Vi ft^alf to> fit ttKU' If tth the gilihi • of bis holj 
V ig^rit for the oflKeei of priesthood. > Onr iiej|gl»- 
1' 'bmil*s'Oif t6e weat coast/ the encirat Mul^ar 
^^' ^Christians, called the Tfaom&s GhHstianB/liffve 
^ flso^a sdcerdoUd orcfer but df theb ownfnation, 
** only that one pinrt of them are' usedi to take 
^S tbtfir:bnhofNifrom the patriarch at Mwii^ and 
f5 tbufl from anotheri eottniry^ 




'' Contin. 42, p. 733. 

. /' On. the 11th July 1735, we raceirod aJetter 
^ ft«n tbe Rev. Mr. Nicplai^ at Codbun^ dided 
*' tfae S8th of March, ia which he sailh^ that 
^^ with the Syrian Christians at the place: «Aio' 
'f profess the Ramish reUgion, he could do 
*' aotbing. The ether paitj with whom hojhad 
^^ taken much pains, held the doctrine of Bufty* 
cfaes, which he had refuted with seveoaL Mgu^ 
monta ficoa Holy Writ. But their Bi^p, 

V Mar Thomas^ had wrote \iif% he could .not 
'' aaswer his letter, until he dioald havfe re^ 
'' ceiyed permission from Syria* For tho nst, 
V. Mr. Nicolai said, he had a very cumbersome 

V duty, which gave him a great de«i of bttfltttess, 
^^ as he was alone on that station « 

The Missionaries subjoin thia note : ^' there 
^ are numbers of each EhitjUchiaBB or Jaioobitaa in 
^^ Egypt, Syria^ Palestine, Cyfirw^ Mesopeteada; 
^f' and; Babylon. .The Fati^idL of the lAnatic 
^'Jacobites, rmidea at jOaranyit^ an* old ttapkd 
' ' ^ ia M«iSOpot9iiaiaj Thus tbe > Syrian, f Tbdbia^ 
Christians in X\m Teckpfigaia «v the.AHithent 
diRtrict ar« fitllw vp^ Eutychiaiam, wfaopeaa 
those in the \¥ad8£u-f(^|aai, lOr oortliexaidis^ 
'f. trict^ have kept to their okl doatsin^ of Nesto^ 




H ciu& . 

. » 

• I 


Jul, •' 

f. J. - 



'*'€outin.44,p. 91S 

.^"^ Oa : the I9tli Jttly, 1736, a Gknniui at 
^f iVnraccadtt^ 'ott the pc^er ooast^ ta thefBuutli 
^fof .Gechin> who had beea educated ia the 
*^ Qrphaa InstitutioB at Halle for foar years, and 
^^ iwho had already last year brought sewra^ 
^ .hooks from the Danish Miaftionaries, sent^gain 
*' , a. letter with ten ducats, for which he detii^d 
" them to eend him some-more German and Por- 
tuguese books. He sent also the Lord's Prayer 
and the Oeed in the vulgar Maleialam dialccj^ 
'* whieh be had received from a Romish Casse-- 
'^ -nare. He said, that the bisliop of the Syriaiv^ 
*^ or Thomas Christians, Mar Thomas, lived at 
V'OottAru, in the TcdLenkoor <liatrict^ it Jay 
*' eight German miles from Anjeago, towards 
^ the north-east in the mountaiiis. All that 
^\ eountry was fall ot this nation ; they had 0. 
[* BMiber of mperstitiooa ceremonies. He had 
^^ bi^n a discourse with some CasseaaiM on 
^^ Hfalteta of faith ; but (probably whenever 
f^ a^y were deficient in argument) they had in- 
^f iarlarded their answers with many Sy#iac 
'^ words, whiclt his interpreter was not able (6 
«f make out, nor to explain to him. 

/^ At the aaoMi tiine be commtinicated^ to the 
" Missionaries a letter which the Rev. Jtfi^ 
'^ Nicolai at Cochin had written to him purporjt- 
^' f^g, that he had ^iven himself all the pains in 

* lltt pov\er^'i»it]i ttgaM <€rtfao^v|BlC% 

** [«. i. te cuovincc Ibeia of tiieirylieteippdoky;^ 
** «nd that fio\f fir^ebttld d^noti^fii^Biorr; j«pe- 

• «' dalfyash^ *hsRi^1iis hands fij^ Id tfovi^ 
^* b\ra cong;regati(m. ' '"'^* ' 

'^ ContLpi.48i p. 144^; • '• 

^*^ On the 3d Sept. I7S8, a letter from (he fefinie 
^ Gennan genllemart caiiie to ^ hand, gfaiting' 
'^ that (he Syrian bishop, Mir Thom«, had 
^ come (o Cochin, in March, 17^7, tb n^l^tiest 
*' the Datch company's protectfdti' agalnrft^ the 
** Roman is(sf, for the chnrchcsr of his' diocese. 
^ This was promised him : but At Itet he dc- 
^ manded, as those people are Used to do, 'that 
^ the Dutch commander would compel aTf the 
*^' Romish Syrians hy force, to feave the popish 

* c#inmunion,'and tttrn otitall the Jesuits and 
^* Carmelites; ewn out of tlie Romish churcihes. 

. '*' The aiisTrer was, that it was not the custom of 

-'^^ ftie Protestants, to compel any one by force to 

^ renouVice his errors ; the bishop should endea- 

•' vour to cohvifice them by arguments, and then 

'** if they were wfllirig^^ to come over, and the 

•'^Hbmish priests should attempf f6 hinder them, 

• ^"'* the Dutch commander would atlbrd them e\'ery 
^ ^^ * necessary Help against the Papists. '* 

ti-' it ^^ jj„-g ^j^ subjoined ihe iranslaiion of an 

-'"'^ l^lcs; winch 'the said Syrian bishop. Mar 

• *^ 't^honia^, had addressed on the 8ft Jttne; 1729, 

'^^fMnjg, EA{: In'thiirOleB^ herdnrgesthe #ther 
-^^^ Syrian bh^hopti^iiinUihfbeNdstt^ lieftejriWiCh 
M Hie ufiteMDtUioiiiof 4«vo biHhopf^of .hbsei^ (E\i- 
'^ tychians^) and with a muirderQUs ilesigjft* upon 
'' the life of his late uncle. He concludes thus : 
^' those of the Romish 'persuasion believe^ that 
.^ the church of Rome is their head^ that the 
'' Messias has two natures^ and the Holy. Gbost 
' ^' ^proceedn 'both from the Father and the "^ori^ 
^ '^ mhi dtstribute wafers in the holy Sacrament. 
'^ We on the contrary acknowledge the church 
'^ at Antiochia £6r our head/ that the Messias has 
^^ but one nature add one person, and that the 
'^ Holy tihost goes out only from the Father : 
*^ md in the holy Sticramenl;, we distribute fresh 
^' bread, which ia baked that same day. Aifo in 
*: festing there ia a differ^ice between us and 
tliem* Mar Gabriel, with the Christians in the 
South, keeps the fasts and holy days according 
to the rule of Antioch, but the mass and the 
Lord's Supper with wafers, he causes to be ad* 
ministered after the Romish way. 
. / *< Hereupon, by order of the honourable 001ft- 
'^ mander, the Rev. Valerius Nicolai, w|x>teo*n 
f' the IHh July, 1729,^ both to Mar Gabriel^ afid 
'^ Mar Thomas, and pointed out to them thit 
,..'''.Miur Gabriel is a Nestorian, and Mar Thomas 
. /^ ^n Eutychian^ and offered his n^diation l^r to 
yC ifoiie them .bp(b i^ j^be (meortbpdox doqtriue. 







'\ Ji^uwtei'fr lq^ery ^iBjUlr ^ji^ *P W>i » » <t P.f ^ ' " 

'' idnints of the Jesuits aod GanMlftfSi -.^fd 
".f>ropiise4> if 4JMy'Vrer0./.9«^iH||ted>%§p«ik]|hea« 
*'. tl^t^b^ would ca^-Mpj>ftr^odia;t|>^.fartg /i yl 
" jira^ra, t» resyiraf d ^ie< P^tpb ffn^e^v^ ■ H& 
" ad^ tbot ak^y. skipe sor^eryoun thWifTiwiy-' 
'^llikfes•a^ presto did. act .like/ to/ffftnjr. , T^Vs^ 

tlpe.tiirtU ,of ^lip Me»8i9»>i ^730, «»e «ib 

;/', Mr. EoWe, in;ap#tl»rl^tter dlltp4iat ^ijcW- 

^' .QQorie of tbe ^ecedinig yq^r, t^h^r^'had hecin mt 
*^ jthat place, — Bap^fias. ^, indufliof S Het- 
'S thws:;r-r Ck>nvQrt from . Poi^^ry, 1 i-^Pii^frak, 
•' M ;rmiyJacjrmgi>s, 4 ;^Poil^gM^9e Cq^^hdwi- 
,capto, 42;-^]V|tfIab?^r dit^oy ^,-P^|g|ii^ 
^' . scholars fixHn y4r5- to Si r^ MabJ^ai* djUOj from 
. 13 to upwaFd&,of 20,77' — ^^\^^.9^ M^'Qh}- - 
4freg^ff ;at S^ri^liiijapply, . 1(68, I^ffti^»<W' 
jlp4H^>}»J»b?»s i-rr^nd^. J>i8rffgps^, IWm- ' 

.. : * 

* T 


^"^^etiWeMfthi^ of the Mtabltfhment of n, piwting- 
•^-^^ftm, al TMjprt, by <he BritiMk md Forei^i 
BM^ Sodiitty; wt the purpose of printings iha 
fkHpttfH in the IHmrel langcta^e, and in th^ 
'^ Bwrtftgttese. 

'•^ Mr. FbMtf mentions the safe anital of the 
'^'tamml storet and presents for the Mission^ sent 
'* dat by the Society that year; for which he ex- 
" presses his gi*atef\il thanks. — ^ Would to God/ 
he adds^ ' that we coidd also receive nevr Mis- 
sionartes ! 1 am upwards of 66 years old ; my 
slr<ength faileth me^ and 1 may soon be gone^ 
and the Mission be an unprovided-for orphan^ 
Whereof to think only -is painfnt to me. Prom 
the Syrians I »pect no help, as they do not 
suit as. May the Lord hear o«r prayers^ and 
hdp as for his mercy's sake V 
" The Rev. Mr. Paezold, m a letter dated at 
'' Madras, March 19/ 18)0, TCknowledges the 
ifeotipt of the Secretary's letter, enclosings a 
bin of exchange, to discharge, for the preced- 
ihg year, the saktries, gratuities, and benelac* 
'' <flid4Y8 to the several Mission vies. He too, ad- 
'^ verting to the enqairy whether it woiild be 
^' ^praetieable to emptoy the clergy of thelByriCkii 
''^hwreim ill Indto^ in the Missieni^ ebwrvei, 
ArttMoagh it iBayb« sometime befoielie 
aad his farethren may be able to give st tMkr 
lictoiry xtpfy, yet thit the idea of the practice' 

\ Br ■ 








^ bfflty pf ^strch; in tLDion Im never hitherto b^ea 
'\ entertained by the Missionaiicp, 
, *' In flic Malabar eon^neg-dtiDii at Vepery, 
'* every thing Avas perfectly quiet, and going oi* 
" regalarjy. H^had rcceiUiy visited the Chris- 
" tians at St. 'Thomas's Monnt, to 27 of wboul 
*' he had administered the Loid's Snpper, and 
*' among them ' to five new commtinicants : bt 
" had, likewise, examined and baptized two Hea* 
'^ thens. 

''He mentions also the unexpected deatli of 
•' their dear brother Missionary, Mr. Horst, of 
'• Tanjore, whose departure was much regretted 
'' by every one of tlieni. 

*' Their brother Pohle, he was sorry to say, 
" had ag^in been much ludispo.sed;, and the in- 
*' firmities of old age were daily encreasing upoiV 
'' him. Mr. John, of Tranquebar, was also ki- 
'' bouring ^under very severe affliction, and had 
.**. lost his sight. Messrs. KoUioff, Holzberg,. 
'' Cammcrer, and himself, he thdnked God, were 

** very well. 

• . " The European invalids, of Trippato^e, hav- 
] '' jng applied to him for an English schooliTUiStcr, 
'' to instruct their children, he had sent One, tcr- 
*^ geilier with a suitable sup-v'V of books. Hfe 
** liad also sent a Malabai* »chooimast*r^o thfe 
'' same place, for tlie rtTslritction of a considerable 
r^-lmunber of ^iiatite*fenttrte&, ^reported to^iltt as 
^^' ntm'rted'to*Chn<?tian'i561(liehi "^dm^ ^a*eiH 
^^ had been wishing Co einbratc 'the Christian 


* " » • 

religion/ and as soon as they shoirld have ob- 
tained a good knowledge thereof, they were to 
*^ be examined and christened. Befdre he had 
'' o|)tained notice of their wish'cs^ some of them 
** had united tliemselves to the Popish Commd- 


*' nion. 

^' Another letter from Mr. Paezold, dated Oc- 
'^ tober 10, TSIO^ advelts to the enquiry that 
^^ had been made, respecting the practicabihiy 
" of employing the clergy of the Syrian churchy 
on the Malabar coast, in the Society's Mis- 
sions • and he therein gives his decided opiition, 
'^ that such a juhction is impracticable, they 
being sectaries of the Nestor ian and £u[tychian 
principles, praying idolatrou^ly to the Virgia 
Mary^ and to the Apostle St. Thomas, and 
laying a great stress upon many very super- 
stitious ceremonies. Before they could be em- 
ployed in a Protestant Mission, he observes, 
they must themselves be converted from the 
error of their ways ; of which little, if any, 
hope could be entertained. 
'' Mr. PflB2old's extract of notition, from thd 
'' Vepery church register, is a3 stated in the sub- 
^' joined note *. 

'' • Extract from the Vtp^ry Qhurch Register, for 

'' Uk€ Y^ar 1809. 

'< Jn tke Engliah and Portuguete Coi^g^ations atVeptry. 

** Ditto of Portu^e«e - • • $ 





letter dattA ftt Trancpkelaar; Maxscfi 27, 1810, 

• . i 

^* JkiMt» of PWtugi^oie ,^-. - . r: . ^ ^ 

^* Couples onafri^cl -» ". ., r * ^6. 

« Bmied * - - - - 1? 
'* Portuguese Communicants at 'St. Thomas's 

«* Moant on FeK 15, 1S09 - • '-* ^I 

V Amongst thesbwerre confirmed - - 4^ 
*« Portuguesft CommkinicaAts on Bofter-d^tf at 

" Vepery Church - - - 11^ 

** Amongst these were confirmed - - 11 
^ Extraordinary Communicants of English ot the 

<« 1st Sunday after Easter -* - 14 
'" Portuguese Communicants ontheiU o/Whk** 

«• suaday - - •• • ♦ 

'« Ditto Ditto on the I6tb of "Trinify Sunday - 9^, 

* Ditto Ditto on the 4th Sunday in Advene - 25 

«* Anlongst these werie confirmed - - 4^ 

** In the Malabar Cesgregatibn as Vepary* 

** Infants oitriste&ed - - '*^ •> \S/%' 

^ Adults ditto - - ■• - ^5. 

«* Coviples married " - • - . r .; ^. • 

•• Buried - - - - , •' 2^ 

** Malabar Communicants on the 2d of Basteir ' W 
. •« Amongst theste were confirmed ^ - ' i-i" "W 
•« DktoDi<to(nvtho 2d'0fChristtoas^^ *<• 149' 
•* AmoDgsii tbcee were ooiifinneA ; ^ ,»^. «v/7?J 

•* At FulKcat^oft Jtomary 28,. IW^ by the |1(e;t/i ^ 

** Mr; Pawrfi : 

••Children christened of Dutch Porttigueia - IS' 
♦• Adapts chriTrtefied* - - - -^ 5 

••^Chfiareft^^MtfabtofchftsfeBed - -4 

t « 


ueknoTi^dge tbft "receipt' df tHe long^esLpf^tted 

^oi-bs ai&d' {yreNTnte £i>r the yeKr * }$Q@* ; 

Adverting to the enquiry, relative io tha 

Syrian clergy, they also Wate ' thtir oinnion, 
^ tliat an union with them lis altogetlier imprac- 
** ticable. . . 

'^ Their colleague, Mr. John, had lost his 
^' sight, but by the grace of Crod he was still i^blc 

to preach/ alternately, in the Portuguese and 

Malabar churches ; and to continue his corre* 
*' spondence, by dictating the necessary letters. 

Mr. Camuierer officiated in the Danish church, 

and also iif the Malabar congregation ; and 
'* Mr. Schreyvogel had eimbled himself, by se- 
*^ rious application to theological ^ttadies, ori*in- 
" ally commenced at Berlin, to render them es- 
'' sential service in the Makbar and Portuguese 
^ churcbe% and schools. 

In their Malabar congregation, no diiturb- 

ahce had latterly occurred ; and the disturbers 
*' of their peace had been brought to a sens* of 
'* their Improper conduct, and had shewn their 
*^ repentance orally, and by letters, 

*^ The monthly aUoM^anoe from governraenf, 
^' df 206 pagodas, hs(Vhig been found msuifieient 

<* Fdrtitgttess Communicants al PuUicat on th^ . 

" i^Oth of Janiuity, 1809^ ' - - 38 

« ■ /i nioiigpt tJbfeiie \ycre cou^jrmcd ^ . * y , 

" W. P^ZOtD, . 
V - . « English Ittisfii^aajry a( V^perj," 




'f to i^upport their pharity schoote, whilst they 
were deprived of remittanceB ftij/ta Detiittark 
end Qermaoy, they had diminmhed tb^ trati&ber 
of children in tlie Malabair sehoi^^ b^t they 
retain!^ the U9iial number in the Fortix^ese 
«chool. They had, how^very ^ncrcaatd the 
^! nutnber of childFcn in the schKiiol eoftie year^ 
'- since established at VeKpattam, near the fort^ 
^' am} had began a new one at Porveat. Observr 
ing the ^resat usefulness of the Engird) Ian? 
guage among the Portugese scliool-boys^ 
they had ali^ introduced it among the female 
Portugiiese children^ andhad^eea i^ith.plea* 
sufe their progress. 
^ Their well informed and ^utlifol .«eniof 
f^ cateehist Savaryrayen, as acting country {nriest^ 
'' had been sent to viyit the CDuntry con^^^^ega? 
tioRS, and had given them mack aatisfoctton by 
his repc^rts. < 
' They had been mi^ gratified hy m tisit 
ff fpom Mr. KolhoiT^ who had aiao.attestded their 
^ congregottrohs at Cumb^gonam, • Tim^tury^ 
^' and N(igapattam ; and they had tbeieioiy had 
^f the opportunity of. iutereitiiig «oitfemiioe witli 
" him, oil the yarioua an4 impoitaat lafi^ira of 
^' their respective Missions*, and' on the means of 
't pre<;ervihg unity amongst tfiertisdivcis:. . > i 

They had been apprized^ thdt jthey might 
shortly expect to receive the Sopiety'9 store; 




**. .. 


'^bP^flpKH, .few . iUi|v.e(}UiuH^ ot'.scJiigo}7bpok^,,.,^nil 
■ Rwtwjgu^^ee^i »wl . Tciumliau New T<?sjaiueiit«, 

ilo^ifikVQiueei ' with' it ffci?n|iaUy. By Ums TiJ^i>u- 

^f liaiifescho^-WI^i the kuowledgp of the Cliris- 

- 1 f lian religiQtt wa«. iiot only fonvar4e<]l acoipngfit 

^ 'Cturistiaa^, hnt ab^ amongist Heatb^ne^ ivany 

^ of whom n^eiiy furcepted them. , The >amp 

f^ \T£i8 also the ca«e with the {i^n^Tmh hooksj with 

"// which they %vere fhvouived by the Society^ 

^^ .^ViiLch too had been very iustiumcntal in en* 

prdasing^ the desire to learn En^&^Udh. . 

They pray that God may re>var4 their bene- 
^' fftctcM with his heavenly ble$aii)gf> fpt the be* 
Hcvolence Md geuerosity tliefl>seive$ ^^^. their 
Mission had ien^^ experienced. 

The ustial stores aud pi^esents pf hooks, 
stationary, printing paper, and other articles 
* '^ of accoaimodatldn, together with the remit- 
■^^ • tancesj including a gratuity of 50!. to each of 
/' it^'tlio ^Missionaries^ and an arlditional gratuity of 
!•:. <* .'bOL to Mr; Re?zold^ in considei-ation of his pc- 
i!'«^ rflliar Kants^ have been granted thi$ yctir* and 
':.) ^: sent out, tlu*oug'h the c^iiinued 
to /^>iaTo«r*of thcUoooucabk^ K'4»t Iml,iaCi>Piwiny, 
'' to whom the Society tkug puhUdy reim\\ thojr 
\L i^AiQ^ity thank6i"v 

1 0< 



> « 

?•■■. ■'..- :;.- i'ccoUNt FOR ^W ■ ' ' ■•^■'- « 

■^^'-mraig^the year Mich Is t)a5i;afie rftlUMir 
'"tfona 6f the Socteiy.iij rc^fect^td aefrMiiilAi 
f to the East Indies, and the reh'gious eofifcern^ 
^-6f that part ofthfe world, especflaHy'in *lirhat 
"•tegardi their fconn^xions land'j'elations at hoibe, 
'^ fttive been mofe than tismally itnp0rtant. 

•"The spiritual state of the heatlhfeii and of tfie 
^'* cortverted natiVds of India, indeed, has been 

ft »'■•'■ 

for njnrards of a century an object of the S6-' 
cfeiy's continual care ty meaha of their Mis- 
'' sionknes ; but the atlerftioh pf the Socie^ 
^^'hasof late been forcibly drawi to the don^- 
deration of the tleslftule conditioifi oP the fti-" 
iopean ihff half-caSt subjects of Oi^eat BHlaln 
^' inTndta, and to the formalion of a permanent 
''•Bcclesiastical-Brtal^lfe^ duly pr(>ffdii^'' 

^'^br the Spiritual wants of all^in fieu of t\k] 
'^ precarious and comparatively jnsti^ili^ficant pro- * 
" vision made for them by meatus of the Chap- 
^' Jjai^tsof tjhe East. India Cpmpauy^ an4,tbe %>- ^ 
'^cietv's ^issiojdaricfi- , , . .> 

" The pijQhability of 9 repevv^ of tfee Chartar 
" of the Hon. East India Compi^ny, called the 
" Atterilidn Of tlie; Sbdcly ' at atf €arfy i>trio4 
*<^A(>ri! T), to the iconiideration df tbfe 4pirUtWl " 
"-fveccfsMiitiefe df thevftsft population dP EfeiJfopcfen ' 
"i*»sd n«it*»*8dh|ect8 Of Great- BritAUt .iR ludifc, 
"in^ to theidnty ittaiinb&ftt 0pa(f ttbis=S4(C;4»e^ (0 ' 
ff-*(:it8'eftdeaTi>«ir to invit^ -^ith dtitf-rSjifttlet;- s' 

617 s 

^^ particular atteii1|ipi to thuiinpm^ntoiu subject^ 
f\ iBopB llioae iw|io$e (roficttrre^ce is most ntces^ 
^^i^VY: "to give ^ispt to any proeeedings in rela^ 
^'.tioa thereto; 

; '^ Por thispurpose/ Mey 5^ a Meniorial 4q the 
^^ Bpn> Court c^ Direetors was agreed to; aud^ 
subsequently^ a minute and interesting Re- 
,portwith certaia re^iolutions grounded thereon; 
•^ having been presented to the Board by the 
'' East India Mission Cominittee. an extra Ge-^ 
'' neral Meeting was called^ at which those re^ 
''. solutions were separately considered, and re^ 
^' ceived the; sanction of the Board; and his 
^, fjtfwu the Archbishop of Gantorbury ha^ng 
been pleased to undertake to pitseat them ^ 
&^ principal officers of Iii^ Msg^sty's Govern^ 
^ men t, apd to the Hon. CSoprt of Directons, » 
^' therein qpecified^ they baTei been }>resent^ • 

/ , • ■ 

^' Ahpiorial from the Societt/ for jj^rojnoiing 
" Christian Knowledge , to the Directors cf 
-^^ iht Honourable East Itfdia Company. 

T * 

Thev^opjety fpr promoting Chf^tian Efiovi- 
.}l?dge h%viug for inor^ than a pentuiy ex^ed 
its vigilant lypgwrflft, wjl ftirnishipd it? toppUes 
ff>i: supporting and advancing the cftase:ai)4 ' 
Jiifffrpst of religion ia the East, and more ^^ 
^ticuI$^*})|; in those proviuces it^bich are now pcb- 
^ (sessed by the Honoural^le ^ast {ndia Compan^^ 






conceive it to be a part of tlieir iniiumbeiitdlttj^ 
tiiHsbly to address the Hoiidui^le Company^, 
at the present Juncture^ as well in ackaow* 
'' ledgmeiit of past instances of favour and in- 

V dulgetice, for which they beg leave to ^express 
'' their IV armest giatitude, a^with the hops of 

procxnring^ the coatinuauce ai^i enlai^meni 

of such patronage. 

'' The Society is induced ta seek thi^ €iicou^ 
'^ iBigppjij^t incHTO especially in order to tbe fu*« 
'^^ tare ftpplication of its endeavours for- pro* 
'^ moting, by all means within its power, the 
^' spiritual vi^elfare of the< British sul{jec<s in 
^f India of wliatever description. • 

'' With tlie European residents in india^ and 
^' the elergy of the Established' Church, who 
^ exercise a sacred charge amongst them, tha 
ff Society would gladly cultivate that hfitercourse» 
'^ by which their countrymen may enjoy the b% 
^ nefit of its funds for procuring Bibles, Testa- 
^' tnents. Common- Prayer-books, and religious 
f* Tracts; for .thei use of schools, for the supply 
'^ of mariners^ and soldiers, of persons occupied 

in trade, and not well provided vhh such means 

V of Teligioas knowledge and iixiprDveinei^* . 
With relation to the spii-itual n^:e8sities of 

the liatives, tlie Society, touclied with aij earnest 
if', wish for their welfare, and for the enlarge- 
*'. ])»ent of the knowledge of revealed truths and 
^'^the practice of a pure leiigion, is anxiously 
*l desirous that the^ may enjoy such Ijlessings, 



^ .to^tlber ^iUi. the b?i^ikU of thai mild and 
^ ^' equal admiiu&tratioa of gMvemmeat> an4.ius- 
^^ ticc, which will ever accompany the controul 
'^ of the British nation. 

With this view the Society meet humbly 

and earnestly requests the fostering- protection 

s^ of thje Houourable East India Company, for 

the Missions long connected witb the Society 

'' fof {irqmi)|i$)g Christian Knowledge^ and well 

kwwn to the. Honourable C^mpany^ ior thei)c 

. exiemplary conduct and their Christian labours^ 

fiom t^e period of their iust settlement in 

f India to the present day. 

Tiie Society most ardently intreats the. Hor 

nourable Court to confirm tiie veilvablQ tokens 

*' of their prefci'euce and favor to these faithful 

. '* servants, of Christ, and humbly solicits th^ 

same encouragement tor any future extension 

jof the Sopiety'3 means or endeavours for in- 

•' vlting the natives of India, by such gradual and 

^5 prudent metiUKis as may consist with tlie peace 

. *' and civil regulations of the country, to exa- 

ii 'S mine, and embrace the inestimable truths of 

:f5 Christianity. . . 

'* The Society most respectfully commends 

: ^* its benevolent designs, and submits itM humble 

' *' requests to the Uonoumble Couft, and ivill 

never cease to eiuploy its efforts in sftcU maor 

ner as, by tlie blessing of Almighty God; may 

' i' host serve to the main end of promoting the 

ikiio:ifiedg6 and jKraMicv^ of ;tnie HeUgioit iti-alf * 
pbces to wfaikh its infiueoGe daa extjeuA.f \ / ' 


Resolutions of the Societj/ for promoting Chvis^^ 
' ttan J^nowledge, made at a General iMkct^ 
'^^ ^S' fioldenaf Bai^tlett's Buildings, J/indqu, _ 
" o« Tuesday, , June %3, A. 2?. 1812. 

*' Resolved/ I. That the Society for promtrt- 
itig Christian Knowledge are prompted^ by " 
the most pressing motives, to take part in the 
public solicitude, now more especialfy excited 
^* fot the welfare of the British Empire in the 
" East: having, by the first enlargement irf fce 
"bounty of their Patrons, and by funds created 
'•^ for that purpose, been engaged to exercise 
" their efforts for extending the knowledge of ' 
'' revealed truth in those regions. 

"" II. That the Society do, therefore, join tile ' 
*^ public voice, in imploring the attention of those, 
''Who direct the councils of the nation, to tlie 
^' cause and interests of Christianity in the East/' 
*• in which momentous topic of c(!msider&fion/' 
^' the. present find ftilu re welfare of so large ^ 
^'number of ;thft ^^ibjccts of this rcpJm isrijj-, 

" volved. . . , .. ," 

«< 111. ThAt the Society ace fully: seos^UlftpJtiftt 
*' the tlamis i^hich stieh a b6dy, 'mt\i^ subjerta" 
^ b^ British India; have ii|)ptt tfie '^Jf1«l9*; ^hfe'* 
*• justice/ and' the charltaW" kihrfiics/^dftheit 




vkn^^ ijBtlat: Qdnipy tke thomghto of ikMe,v/ko 
'* have ito joonsnit and provide for Ib^ir fn$- 
perity, inducing them to enact such measures, 
as may serve for the improvement of their 
•* whofe existence as a people, and more parti- 
^- cnlarly in their religious and moral character. 
'^ The Society for promoting Cliristian Know- 
" ledge do not therefore arrogate to themselves 
'' ariy other feeling:, than that which is enter- 
^ tained^ without doubt^ by the govemnnpnt of 
'' the country ; and in presenting their humbW 
'', wishes and requests to tliose who are best able * 
*' to give eflEect^ under Providence, to .what isaa • 
•' eamesdy desired, the Society presume n^ £(Kr- . 
•' ther than to hope^ that they may hereby a<W- 
" another motive to those inducements, which . 
'^ the mere urgency of the case must press upwi .^ 
'' the Sovereign Ruler, and the chief Cwncils of- 
" theoaiion *• The Society therefore most Jwm- 

:•'« Mr. Beaofby, accoiding to ordfr, reported lraBr*« * 
« Cominittee of the whole House, to whom it was refoxed 
^< \o . oQMider Xurthei: of the Government , aijd Trade ^of,, 
«*India, the resolutions which the Coaimittee vtad directed^^ 
« iipl to report to the House \ whiA'h6 terid in ){U pWH;, ^ 
"'aild afterward!* delrvwed in at fl^ clan's faWet^Wfc^te*' 
•» the aame were read, and are as followeth, viz. f "v -v/ 

*^i!llasd^ed, Thftb it k the oi^iiidn iff '^W^Pori^fttotf 
'« :^ltat H:i» tfcfl pewliaf and bouwto^ du^y; pf,^^,}^SSf^f- *• 


** bly beg IcaVfe to acfvert to such me^ty for t>lf- 
'^ tainingthc object of their anxious >rishes^ at 

' ■ * • * ■ to 

'I 1 I . • 

*«^miQi(Mi» id iwliiit imd iMt, fordieteepidb, (Midi waamei ' 
evight t)o he adopted aa ouijr giwlUsI)/ tiend to'.tbeir ad* 
vancement in useful knowledgCi and to their religious, and 
** moral improvement. 

•• Hesolved^ That i| is the opinion of thij Committee, 
** that fluffieienf means of reh'gious vrorshfp knd instrvocion 
^ be proiKidfld for all pnnoaB of the Protestant ConivMnion,' 
** ixk tha service* or uader the protection of Xbe Hs^ India 
Conapany in Asiai proper Ministers being, from time to 
time, sent out from Great Britain for those purposes ; and 
*^ that a Chaplain be maintained on board every ship of 
^ il^en htmdred (ors burthen, and upwards, in the 'East' 
** India Company's employ ; aad^ moreover*, that no snclr 
** Miaisl»r% or Chaphuot shall be^ent out^ or ap^inledy 
*^ until they shidl finit have been approved of by the Ardi-' 
*' bishop of Canterbury, or the Bishop of London, for the 
•* time being. 

** The said Resolutions being severally read a second tkne,* 
^ were, upon the question sevierally put therebn, agrbed td 
*< by the House. Vide Commoms Jourtaalsy 14 May, lt9S^ 
'• p. 77«. 
** On the 17th of the same month; 
** Another clause being offered to be added to the B3I, 
** for empowering the Court of Directors to send out school- 
<* masters, and persons approved by the Ardibl^liop of Can* 
** terbury, or the Bishop of London^ &c% for the religious 
** and moral improvement of the native inhabitants of the 

'* British dominions in*India ; 


** The House was moved, that the Hesolutidns' whicli, 
"upon Tuesday last, were reported from" the Com'ihittee of 
^ the whole House, to whom it was referred lo consider 
<< further of the Government arid Trade t£ India, aAft Were 
**' then agreed to by the House^ might be read. 


it) tbem appear most likely to conduce to thi 
^eat end in view. 

IV. Resolved^ accordingly^ That the So^ 
^^oietf' kre fiffly porraaded^ that wothing ^^rl 
^^* bf radi an establishment bf pastbrai taper^ 
'^ ihtendance^ and such a supply for the mi^ 
nistry of the Word and Sacraments^ tiirouglv 
oat the British E;npire in the East^ as may 
correspond^ in due measure^ with tiiat which 
constrtiltes the main ground of religious yrtX^ 
far)s in Ae realm of England^ can serve to 
place the spiritual interests of the British sub'- 
J6et», in those paits^ upon the best and most 
^^ pennment fouiidations. 

*^ V. That the Society beg leave in the samft 
*' eonvlction, and in the same spirit of dutiful 
respect, to observe, tliat more tlmn a century 
hks elapsed, since the most earnest wislies of 


^ *^' And the same wcre» as agreed to by the Hoasc, rciid 

•< accordingly; and are as follow eth ; vizv [as above]. ^ 
** Then the said clause was twice read ; and^ upon the 

^< question put thereupon, agreed to by the House, to be 

« made part of the Bill. 

. ' ^' Another dauBS waa oflMred to be added to the BDI, i^** 
.:.^ quiring the Coust of ]>ireeto2« tp settle the destlnatioo, 
•.^ iMiwl^WOfrlda.for. tbft deeent maintenanci; of tlie said se- 

•• veral persona. ^ , 

• ^ And the said clause was tmce read ; and, upon the 

*^ question put thereupon, agreed to by the House, to be 
: «• ipadd part of the BilL Ibid. p. 7W. Which clauses were 

.** thrswK out «B tbi^ third reading, psgo S0$. ' 

4 . . 








"^ May (Oii^Uiil eicdkaf^ertmsVift AflP 
*^ nation ii«ere expresficd for pioeiiriog si|di 
'^ form df Qiurdb CSommani^n:. in In<tta^ as 
migiit ienre to ^emoattrate ^^ raliipoai ?cW* 
ncter oC the British nation^ ta pro^Meridr 
the exig^neies of oar hdoved QoatttarjrmMj 
'^ when far seTared from thrir friends andMcan-" 
** nexions ; and^ at the same time, to indaea the 
natives, by the silent but peraaasive pattenatlf 
reltgiotts fellowship^ and the sober kivitationB 
of a settled ministry, to lift their eyes ta the * 
truth, and to take courage to this end Ibma 
*' the prospect of countenance and ahriler^ 
'' which would thus be set befiorediem« Tba 
appearance of persons in ecclesiastical £qbk> 
tions^ sufficiently exalted ia dmiaeter aad 
power, both to furnish them the ntedfal les- 
sons of instruction^ and to protect them fiMS 
persecution in their change of sentiment emI 
'^ condact, is most necessary to the natives^ who 
are at present exposed U> dreadftd hardsfaipain 
their conversicm from ^ror and idolatry^ ow^ 
\ikf^ to the institutions and the prejudices cf 
their country, and the certain foorfeitttres so-* 
curred by Christian Proselytea. 
" VL Resolred, That the Soeieiy> ia tbtsmm 
*' with all who enjoy the blessings c^ 












• ** Vide Carrespondenfle bst#MI Ai^kbisbifla 
•* snd Dean Prid^wuc^ &<C ftc/; 


*" ' rtnqjWy continwdrthat itrt rttdBdeht *«ttpp}y Tdr ' 
'^-ft^ ntinistefiftl" ttfocesdioi? ^d tfid n)»cci^ies 
**• of tli€^ ectetisrrvef pbputotftftf 'of *Brtttth Ihdki, 
''•tin be -fttmirtiei'or cnontitiu^rf wKhoet sWflir atl 
'' tMWMifMnt of tfaef Ministry, ais' may be ttble 
^^m- feg«1*te und^ pferpWtteLte itself; which will 
^'^■iWttrflly t>c o*rtaiii*ii by t^ort to Episcopal 
'' *fcMfikb1tt IndK ^eti ^h th^ DiTine Blessing 
**^With^|>ttnrfehni'ifl^^ bfe settled thei^. It' 18 
^tUwoftly, irt 'thit 'land, that the iricreaiilng 
"f ^okitode 0f ' thi(^ #ho »rc bbrft of Christian 
^ Ilittnits, biMl entkM Uhe^^ to ^rly Mp- 
^"^ tkm, may he tttlirfed for every othcf act And 
**' fexisi^eis^ of wli^iotis Comrtratii^ti, iwJCordlng 
**'iO'.the'trtea!n« bf Grace, And mode Of fellow- 
^' Mpf, <Kpt>omt«d%'6tLr JBkssed Loird m1ii« 
'^ imillriioM^' It ^ts thtis t^nly that sath cattdi- 
" dttles for God's everlarting favour hiay be>n- 
•^ t^itfraged, arrd • enabled to take npon them 
'* their. trtiTft'oVlijj4iteni, by fhji solcrtih pledge 
(5 be rdridere?^ by them* at their Confirma- 
Hmi,"ihfft iTTom 'thencrfbrfli they hiay ditiw 
^. near to the table of tli^ L<ird. It 19 tfius 
*' only that a regular stfccesldon of pefsons^ tjua- 
*' bftedibr tke Hiihteferkl calfitig; can be raiUd 
^.a(nd diinkt^d hi that couh^f to the dacfed 
^ funttiota, for tht^Europ^n 'and native Con^ 
" gregationsk Of the "fetter description; th«* 

• 8 * 



« ,4ariiiiess sMid ipiser^ of b«^hp^erf<?r,^4^> 
" ,9>oi>i of .tlkcir, jf»th€(r^ , apA . th?refor^ ,p!^^ 

;;. i^uuisterin^f i^ ^ug^Ub . c^i^irjegptijjns;; ^;%n4 
'' (j^iijr^^eFyci-tpdi to tbe vaflitiea apd .Bi^eKt^t 

','J:y . the. atteiitioB of thps^l w^o, are, ,r!?8|HJn!\ 
^' ^itplc for tjlie care of thi^ unbajapy r9xr-e^jMni 
'' under jiisiiporable disadvants^es^ whjch^ esr 
" elude (hem even in their own couiitrjr^^ybji 
*' its present regulartions, from nearly all Uva 
'' favourable prospects in lifi^ whi9l;i ar^; ,|eft 
\ op(^n to other*. ' ^ ^ .. 

"' :^ VII Resolved, That the Society da like- 
" wm feQ\I>mc$ ^^.opi^Jl\HH^c^ mispressing 

.;\ Ui^r.s^u^. <)if . oUigi^liAn. fmrnmyi^^^^.c^n^ 
;{ fecred by, tAm Hoctourable East XqdtC Com^ 
-^ pany/ trnvafd *heir bettevdent desigtis «id 
,^' ptiWic services, and for the favor shewn " to 
•^ fhi^ir Ions; , established and.jiistly venerated 

-ff laraofttably . jreduced, . : tuuL. . tknoBto . jtotdtjr 

* ' ' * * • ft 

"it •,«.*.'»»*• < y . 1> .J . I J J'. I w _,«..»»/■ I - -J , ^ . • •. • * 

I ' • •• • 'k ^ . 

1. <• c 

'» » • I 

**' *mq«t huiAltJly'entertain the hopfe, and ofiffe^ riwist 
*^l^)e^fi^B/te«i^Wfikge/aIkl: dieii- pH that, 
'^ in'f:ohsidefelSl6h of th^ pressingf tiefeds of'l^e 
'^^'finlfeli ktjett^l' IBuropean anrf native, in ftiAa,*' 
'•^'iile^tignh-arient 'fiiundatibns of the ChrUfiaa" 

• \ Mr ^ , 

*^<|liurch^ according to its best fonii, be laid 
^^kfilyng them ; and that the gfeat endg of f6li- 
"' gious and moral ' culture may be secured to. 
*^ t^em, by the settlement of bishops in the cluef* 
^^ jpresid^Qcies ; by the formiog of seminaries;* 
'^^ ^nd by the building of ehurches— the ivant of 
**• tltt' Whifeh has been felt and acknowledged for 
^ tnofe than a centiiry, during which period, the 
^''^ exertions of other European nations have goa^ 
'^before us, and have proved successful in ac^ 
compltshing many of those very purposes for 
ivhich the British government, in its public 
acts^, originally expressed its intentions to. 


t • ' t 

;>i:: • M CsAitTER 10th WilKam irf. *th Sept. 16&8- 

'^'^Akdw^Aaher^ fUrtlier wiH and appoint^ tkatth«t 
if said GolBpiny heteby efittUisked, aid their socoeaftorSp 
Iff fljiay ^sqn^aotly p^ n)]»ii8l^r;^i»d«8<^]|i|ifi^ 

*\ the ifil^d of St^ Helqn^, wl^n the said i$la|id sbaU QDioa 
*^ into the hands or possession of tl^e same Company; and 
'* aTsb one nunister in every ^mson and superior fac^ry^ 
^ Wiiicfa t(m imm Company, tyr theli^ sctccsessorSy shall -faaTm 
^i'Mshe wUi BmI Indtoy or Jiltii^ t&ft parts within the lU, 
^ mits aforesaid ; and shall a]so, in such garrisoii paAj^cld- 
^ ries, respectively protidei or set qvurtf a decent and cqxk^ 
^ venie&t place for diviiie senrice only» and sbsU tliM take « 


"j. .h*^^'e not 'ye^^ l^^pn.. cwwd i^y ^fec^.,,,; ,, ,,. - 
" IX. Resplved, Ti|at,thj;s^lt|^pq]u^wnp,b.^ce». 
"_ «p«c,tfqny spbnHtte4 ty th^ First l^d of tjie 
'' TiQaswry: to the jCImni^dlorciiftljie Exchequer; 
^ to the Secretary of Stute fur tli^e.Hojiip Depart- 

chaplain 5n| bpgrcl er^ry 5hip. v^ch shjill be sent by Ar. 
'^ p^ie Company to the said £u}^t Indies, or other the partf 
"'uitlihi the liuii'ts aforesaitl, which' shall be of the"burtllen 
•• -of ^'ftw»4njnMiied tons, rtrirpwards, fot- stich V6yd^, the 

^ jioiH'fov'Xh^ lif£ie«beu]g^> dti*wMcb-^kl inimieps, M tb be 
H.jJtii^, «W»H '\i9 ef4^^\B^ frow t^m tQ tjppwi jiWlli .^ flue 

** /\nd w;e fttFther will aud anpoint* tluife aH 5Uch mixusten 
*' !l^ shall be sent to reside in IndlaV as aforesak!, shall be 
** obliged to learn, wi^Jxin one yeai*. affer their afriva^^ the 
" Portuguese lahgijage, atid jhall ^ppfy themselte^ to learn 

* flie hatfye langiiage ^f the country wl^ere they ah|Jtre- 

* side, thfe better to ehable them to instruct the Geptoos^ 

* that'shftW be the serv^nts or slaves of , the s^me Compan}^ 

* or of tneit agents, m the Protestant religion ; and tfiai^ i& 
'^'tWof tJie dedth oTiriy of the saicfSnints'teii reydtn^io 
«^th€ Eait lyibs; br btJief tfc^ jJarts" or' wiflitr/ die 'WAits 
•*■ aforesaid, the pl^peof auch nriniste'^, so dying, shall be 
*,';uppifed by one of tlie dxaplains ovit of the nt^xt s!^p> 
^ that shal! arrive ut or near the place \yhere such minister 
« jfhaS litippen to (ft." 



6b ' 

'' trool for iiid'id Affairs ; and to Hie Directbr^ of 
'^ItWfl'dhouraljW East India Coiuftanv. 

'' Geobge Gasrix. becretary/' , 

■ * 

^^ Mr. Fazol(l, in a letter^ dfltod January 2d, 
'' 1811, repoils parficufars of \m journey to 
'^^ u^rippjatore, an English settlement aboiif -40 
" miles distant from lSladra», where it he surgeon 
" of tlie garrison, thcsonof a clergyman in Scot- 
land; Itaud rei^eived In^rii ve^y kindly, and al-' 
* !t>^{^rt hhft to occupy, 'diiring- his stay there, a 
''^^'b'{Wga(U)\V, bui{( "at the south entf of the ram- 
'' part. At this place he had exanuned nhic hea* 
'^ then and lliree Roman Cathohc >vomen, somo* 
of theitf having been married to European, and' 
oflH^rs to native soldiers. AfterVvards they w^rc 
''^ re-examined puWicIy, and most of (hem ^n- 
''' swered (he questions jiut to them, without the?. 
'/ least misfaKe, haying been instructed by the 
'^ Malal>ar schoohnasters and catechi^t-s, alter-- 


'* nateiy, for more than foifr months. After the;' 
'*** public examination, these nine heathens %yor^ 
'" bai)tized, and the three Iloman Catholics re- 
^^^. ccived ijitothe congregation. Op th^ 92ipje^> 
'r day he hadf also christened ^^3 children, n>6slv* 
''• of them born of Tiluropean women., married to * 
^^'KiiglMi soldiers, and^somciflegiUniate and/ 
'" born ot native wonitn. 






tp rcpprt tl^e, arrival of fiye.^b{Bf^tf<^p^^,^?r/f,|rom 
Trippa^ore, ^p4 tljrce fnpjm^Ci^BlfJ^^ der 
sirous of instnictioD in th^JChrMti^u iii^Iigion, 
and of holy baptism. AppUcjktipnsi too pfi^riug 
been mad^ I^y som,e Portuguese residei^^.at 
Chicacole bxx^ Yiz^g;^ for some of the IJ^qoutt 
able ^ociejty'6 books^ he ha^ furivy?l^e4 fhem 
with a suital)]^ supply. 

[ Mr. paB?;old, in a letter datecj ^ Vj^pciy, 
March 9^ 18U, pppprta^ for theinfprm^pn.of 
V the Society^ thai in conf^quenp^ of tjxfj {^neat 
want of l^bo^r^r^ in the Sopiety -a fissions, 
and particularly on account of the Uf gei^t ohit 
cems of ^he Prote^t^nt con^egations, ip the 
f' Tanjojre 9Xid Pal^mcotta pfovincep, tjie rever 
f/ ren4 Ijrethrei), Pphle *^d IColhqfF, b|4. pwr" 
f' posedj by God's assistances to ordain^ op the 
'^ third Sifnday in Lent^ four of the ablest and 
' *' worthiest c^techists attached to the, T^mjore 
'' Mission, who. from their childhood, had had 
*' th^ happiness of eiijoy ins the sound ^nd )i'hole- 
' some instructions of their tete father^ Jjljie re-r 
verefl SwJ^rtz^ and to whom ttie word^.,of St. 
[:Paul to Timothy, 3 Eph.' ii. 14, U^'jnight 
f' justly and with gpod reason ^e ^ppli^d^., Mr. 
" Kolhoff, in a letter to Mr. Ps^zold^ hadwrittea 
"thus: — ^ J beg you to accept inyheartj|)JiJttiks 
'^ foi* your l^incf answer xespe/(^ting4^ <)f^.natioq 
'' of the fonr (at9chi9ts pointed out by me, rWitb^ 


*o '^ 


^^^te'attlndort'dkii beslicWn to tfic spirituatcon- 
'*" ctrns of the'cbii'gTcgationg'ih the Tanjorc and 

^^'^PW&itacofta pVoxincPs; 'and' tTiirefore' 1 sin- 

'^'^■cihriltf' lioiit! that bur •\yortliy superiors In Ixin- 
^*'''dbn will beiicvbleiirty grant to each of them a 
'^'^QTJr. All ttie other brethren have i^ivon their 
'^^bonseirt to the intended oixlination of those 
^ four ca tech ists, recommended by me; and 1 
'^fr tre^ of ^0% reverend and dear brother, to nse 

* '*'ywir mterest- tvith our Honourable Society in 

' *^ 'thei^ fe.vottr.'* 

,'ii 4*^ Mi*. PjezoH, aTvajre, of the wrgent ne(*essity 

'^*of some new and pious corihtry priests^ had 

'^ bhearfuSy consented to the proposal of hi^ hire- 

'^^ thren/ under a hope that the isaime would meet 

'*i ^rith the Honourabte Spciety*s kind apptoba- 

^ . '*^ Mr. p£ez61cl states that he Iwid accompfished 

'' ^t bid purpose of visitinf^ the Chrhfians at the 

: .rt ^fouuf, when 29 of* them received the Lord's 

'^'^^ Slipper; amongst whom were seveh new com^ 

/' municants^ who had previously b'c(^h examined 

' 5^'iind' confirrAed by him. He had also'/ oji the 

/^ianllJ day, examined and baptized five Ilea- 

*' ' ' , , • » '. . ^ ' 

' ^' thKins, Who had been instructed in the CliVistian 
'^* VeHgibn; during more than (wo] mouthsVpj/; his 
'■'f' Malabar catdchists.' ' - '• " '■'-■ ' 
■ . *' The Rev.* >ii^. Tohle, in a'fetrer dated at 

■ >'' Tri4ihapol)^ 'April g^; 181 t/sfAtes,' tWt iu 



vidb. tke n|imeTOit&. cabgvegaliQUfiiavitil xbmBifin ' 

'' .fovsakcn «heep) lie^liad^ uiUi.^bof: oenotoeiitxyf' 
'"; tiie Sdc»ct)r^s and the Roytl Ps^tilcli jVfiMionit-: 
'"^ riea^ and being assisted hy tbe-Bev. J<>bii KoI-" 
'^ h0ff^ find tbeoid oonutry pcmt 9altiuad«n^' 
'^ on the LTth'Of last month, in 1ht> liufe'fort 
church at Tanjore, sofemnly MduMdt foHToT 
th^ fittest (Sitechists* coup^fy prints/ ac^coMiAg 
to thp Lutheran ritual, in the Taitiul toUf^ttc;^ 
after they be4 bj&ci^ d^dy ^xditiin^d, and lotd' 
preach^ tiiair probati^ndiry tetnnMi bd^^ 
^f ttaett) on prescribed texAs^, >t)d had ac({i^tled' 
themselveft werthilj. His pOHOvdinaUirs and* 
l^imself, therefore, kwsbly hcjfged leaw to 
'^ recommend th/e new country priests to the fw- 
'' ^riding care arid protettioit of tfae-Hon^urable 
''Society, ag m«o deserving; to b« recdiu-' 
f^ mended. 

'' In the course of tUe vear 1810; tit^rebad' 
' " htta baptized at Tricbifii))oiy 18; ^adttdiiij; 
" 6ix Heathens, add one at 'Tindegaii^lNnM 
'^17 grown persons; and W ehildren-- asd^ nar* 
'* *icd seven iioapla ? there kadbeeaVO Mttttlia- 
" nicants, Portuguese and ISnglith/three flHp'tfa^' 
'''first time iticluded> and ^48 Malafaftr% 86 of * 
^ thert for the first time. ' Their Buglithscbo- 
^ lj(X% had been fc^tive^ 4@ atid 5i|r, Mni NblAt>an 


^^ vMdMliflwii n«Air^)ftnd «t oAtfl' UriiM tboM 80; 

^"ijiuiiiiber ^: GbristMnft at Dioda|}ttl| wmii^9^ 

^ Ipttr^f.^n MCtwit Qf the lu^vjf mawoon^ but 
'f fdiitlijriiJ^y teawfi of the ngmg ftitAtaatiBk 
^1 ifcrveTi :irlHc^ «titt wotMiifd ia«i alafiaa%4e^ 

'.^' ilil the Bng^.gMrriwii luidfaiitoMDieirt, he 
'^ )btid b^iw4 I7y murml ats oouple, ani eSt^ 
^)ie)a«edftt!80ftn«calB, ^ttiittg^ the fonm»h|i»rl 
^; «f -tka^Mi! t ftfternnuBdi tfie Rfv. RobtM^t ^ift^ith^ 
^.timimv nulitary chaplm^ «mve4ii mfl j<«4% 
^ iRilh hniL Aey IkmL had 6$ co9)jouoicattt«< -. 

/'' Miv T^ifi (HmM 006 forbMr ita expoMi (be 
^' |«|r f|i|d.8afii»faQliett. be bad exj^dWM^d ifi.his 
yitfi^ t% aipMlifitiM^ from Tanjorq;, tbraugb w«»e 

.ip}«c?8 where Cbriatiaft congregtitona of «Qi})a'> 
rie8 are^ wlio, with their schools^ ca<u« .to ineet 
^. Jttitf leiQeim )itm with Joy aiidgladnesa. 

;/' Mif^Peb}ee3if)verad8x]ft6t£on|^iaiigiMige,^ie 
'.^ ;bmft-£»lt o<]9)P€rQj that up new Missien^iea 
♦'i wri»eil fraik. Sitcepe to tl^^r iasp^i^aiM:© ;; »by 

''^)ilJMtb tlN^ M^#i08K wpre.eKp«Jwid t^'^ ^f^f 
'I^ieft8iIli9gii)tOSt»Hgl».h^i)d«. . /' ^ . 

ii/' J km»i^ hi^ «til^otnfi^ fropi gwi aoit}]^ jty, 
^.tbtfe i«t tlttiiitwrta offtiiw monthfi 3-|f,00p j?e<H 

% ::ptei #t.lwfit *M»&tmi-0Wfi»t^ l(y^ Piefiti.^ 



^ 4agttll6lr' wilii tbe eaiise' then^ofy igdvcmttient 
« iilMdi idfaeeted la oolmnittderof mefiold gcntknoiea 
♦f 'fcvinw8tigatfc.5 'jV" ». • • :. ' ' ...-.] •• . 

'^ «r ThfiRbv. Mr. Kolhoff; in ft letter frairt iTaui- 
i« j^y stated JBiie 80} !8tl> obsei^es fhtftfte 

' '^ ^ had hereMlare suggested 4h6 * expfedieney of 
^ or^iBmg eomenfttiTe prie^te; Vb^^tb^^^b^ 
^» of^the'COiigi<«^tions in th^ Tanj<di«^ RiLntln^d, 
^ and Palamcotta provinces, ' aM 4hat - havitig 
^ been encdtfraj^d by intrmaCiofi^ frctoi th« Sb- 
^ €i€ty, that if' u\V the Miasionaried, bMti Gii^- 
^' lifih and Danish; should testify the fltneds ^of the 
f* catechwts, • aivd they should Tecehrerfnm the 
*' MisstonarieB the ordinntion df the Lnthieran 
^* chureh^ and'£Mr some icannaidcc time sfaoold 
<^^'htve been found acting «m<&bly to their pro- 

^ «^ 'fsssimi and offi4!e, the Society mighv pft^kably 
'*^ beiiidtfoed tt> grant them salaries, heUiadlre- 
«' • iprescnted lo the senicwr of the likigliferh Misfiicn- 
J'^ aries, the Rev. Mr. Pohle; that Uhe concerns 
^•of the numerpus eongreg^eetion^* nnder hvscare 

' *^ i-ertdertd <h* ordination of sbme of thit cate- 
^ 'chists irtdispcraaWy necfessAry, atidliad'retom- 

' *" it!cWcd in parficttlar the ordinatittn of fetar of 

• * theeldiistfcatechiste in the TaiijdW Miteibn, 
' *^ tfe. Nanaperagaibri/ AdeykalatH; Wetortaya- 
'" f^ ^gam, Md At)fafiam; ak fit sutgdcts ftr tke feme, 
'^' not oriljf on wtctonnt ^ thtir ability to p*each 

^' ^e ddctrinet of tfie<»Mi*ia:R Mitfion, bui f|k^ 

3 ' 


;:^f(/aii<»tebhi^'iri*f9)iifchrfc^^ ndiirays 

^^ behaved to his great satisfactmi. 'Mrt finU^, 

4^/Kfbr deMbet-ating tipon thcf mattery i kad' ex- 

.? ^pressed his '^ilKtignesB to <MHtipiy urUh iht re- 

: V fpmt of * Mr. Kol]A>ff> in case 4A4te bMftran 

: T^ w4b«: £«^i9fe aad Danish )M[iwmatMAefited 

I'^iAo^tbe wiap; iMr. Kjdlhoff fbddty that td^^^^ 

. ^^ JhfiaBioiiaritaa had givea 41^ fiiU €«D9ml to, 

f^. and afrpiobfttiw of tbcs UMamrei .md tivtf ilMf 

r. lour catecbiste before^aam^d h^ bepniMiiiuied 

t< on the 17(h of March. 181 1, at Tai^oqe^ after 

^^ Imring i»)dcarg0D6 an examination af.dieir 

f^ knowledge of tbe truths <^ the GmetiM rrir- 

$^ gion. and after each of tibem had fHraaiihed ii 

aermpD on ' a • prescribed teit Befone tiie^ ppdi- 

tfatioo, whioh had been peffom^d accotdnig 

fM^ the rkual of the Ijithemn ehuseh^ithe duties 

I' of afaithfal paator hadb^u^statad^ifi.ii Vermont 

f' hy Mr. KplhDff; on 1 Ttm/ir^ 16^ and.paiti-^ 

'^.cttJarljr in a Cljarge deUvered.-Jb^vA&i fioUe; 

andi it wa^ their prayer thojt.Qpd . wo)ild.)Pl.a]| 

these. wQithy .B»ei>, WWrft wi. »|«^^ v|th libe UisHoJy Spirit, ^9^4 mk» thwu^Jpised 

ijistnuui^nts ,of 9VomoiMiff.Jm,-f^i^^r%p4 ^^ 

fi^lvati^n of many thoufand^PuIiL .Wed^fiaya^ 

/ ga»had been sent^j ^er his ordiiwljo%rto Pa« 

ff tepKkotlai to taHe Q»re. of t^ <^gr«g^qn» in 

ff \ba^ proywce; %n4 op bi0 j9U«if y Jie 4^ «ri^ 

.•* . 


f ■ 


'^ lareftohed. t9 Ihe Aiitiie \mjA i<ifi>Qddi > Nmebpe* 
^' -ng^^on) jaftd Mraban iMftivisitedf <lie^ emigre* 
'* i:gsti(mB 0£ the: Tkitf eve Missioii { ttnd * A^^fKa- ' 
'V jaok ira& oiigreat we to htm fti «h^ cto^ dPMie 
^-Sit^Mi^e^fliicm and 'sckfoob a( TahjoM.* Mrj* 
"^ JUlnff hai fprtat «DiifldaAis«,.tliat'by'lMlp<>f 
^4h^'UMed S|wit, tha«a naiif^ |i¥i«fita intttld 
^.profe a UesMg to thi^ ^stM^regatiem'atHkT' 
'* thMTrCMe. Soeki luMtaacSe IrMid' hare 'been 
^' itMaid Mttssarf , eTcn if a nmr 'Mi^ionaiy bad 
^ atrivadr f<»p Tanj^e aail PaiaBncotta ; and wa^i 
* '^t then mora nfices«iry^ bjr rea«oil of fiie death 
"f'of tha late Mr. Homt, and>tiie*in€a))iacity af th« 
'f. aRtire fi*ieit Sattianacfara^ M pisrfmfm ali Ihe 
^ dutiea iof ]k» offiee, oo accaant <>£ hiBadraneed 
'"^ age^ and the iU state of his* bcakh; Mr. KoI- 
^ Jwff mmeaUy necommefMto theae^ kelpcrs ite the 
^.worJ&of the Miauoa to tke^ kmdmss, siMiPto 
r tba players of the HonoffNdila Society, who, 
<^.ba hiiwbljriiopes^ u^ill be pleaded i^appmvc' of 
f . vAMdi lia^ ba^ dan^^ and to git at tlieiD $^- 

' * ^' Theia MmmunMt^atianfii^, ti^^etlwp vrfth -the 
^ «twb| aad eiramiislancds of the Mk^on^ behig 
^/lakeiif iritoiiemua coMidemtitm^ by thef-^^W 
^ Jadia Wmian Cotninftttder^ audi fecouutv^Mi^cr* 
<" lytiB^miifo^limMititiifm dtihe Stfand ; tttid it 
1* a^poarin^ tihat H^ ordhMio* 
t^ .cdkinta, tepomitaitdeil ba Mr. 


'1 ,l«ll> by, die IU^.rair«Mr8. f^hfi^i Jnd'KdlhcC 





'\4^^^PSf^\.^^^ tjmt toeaehi of tkem; vi0;'to 

9fm^ ^iul ito AbiatimiD, sho«kJk'fae ipitntfida* 
(^lajry of ,§61. pto^mUBi^ mid tbmt.tlMr Bane*' 
''..l^fte^l Qu|. Wilb tbe Qfeber remittftnccg fi>r tiie* 
*^„qifx^rt y^w> tiji^hw with a^muii^ tolteteh • 
'".{Of tji«iv^ <^iOl ii^CQvdiagtoth^ iw^Mreiofftiie'' 
'^.§4if^iy)«iKl gtiitaftty; dHowed to <8attianadeiii> i ** 
' '< ^. |Lolbo% m;a letter) dited tto Id0lb4>r' 
^' /^^iiVif J 1$) 1> i^j^^ ^tAlM>. thi* among 0Ciier;Mii- 
'^o¥flMftfrop> )l#gpini9ibtaii4'ip0pcftry, sei^^evfiilfeAi''' 

'hi'^ifi^P^^ and cmMting* ol 38 f^Mte> mid ohe" 
'T.jfitPiHl^.o^t^ (;;pUary icast, .Ti^tndm«^i kf^tHe f^t" 
'^ j^Tanjprp, havinj5 often he^rd the tFatteli^bf * 

''%&fl^^^^y^ ^cdf iflMbfidn Mi>MiMf n2f«^34a)o' 

"I DMMnl^, lw4 Iwt y«ar been admitted 'liiiMDmie' ' 
" haviopr^ h«^ been * sovfcd «if. real joy imMx." 


-, God for hia iw^iilteim ici t&effi^ Wth'e i^ 

(>«.> m* ^ • ' ' 

» • > jr« 

Portugiiaiie ainl En^khiremainm^ dtTati)m>c i ' 
audgreat care had beea taken to teach the na-* 
ture of th4l^ hply $acrameni aii4 ilie d«ti)^9 \s%r 
c^mbent oa worthy coouiiAniGaAtT. 

Bl^ulefi. jLh0 dischar^ iA his ^iisiual dMiea in 
(h^ eongre^ion aad9cho<d ratHDanjore^- Mr.' 
Kolhoft* liad made seyerd jonmies la»t ye^r/ 
nakin^ known to Heatbent <the ooFf way. of 
siiivation^ and endeavouring to animate Ciiris*' 
tians to live as (becometh^ the Gospel of Christ ' 
^ His :tisit to Tianiquebar bad afforded liim the 
^.oppactiitiity of -administcrhi^lhe Lord's Sttp« 
*! . fttr^ «uk prMoltingf and baptil^ing cMl^n^ 
^ .beam in the amgi^egstioaiial Ne^paUinl. 
' >^ The inofcftte of the Tflmut congregatioff ai 
^ Taajose faadlQieen as follows/ m.— 100 biip- 
*^ tiaedy ^ ittdttdihg 57' infaots^ i^id'sil reeetred* 
^ from the Popish. CdnbntniMi. He hi^'iadihi* 
^'ttisCered the Lc^'s Supper to 43T'person$^ had 
%y laaflried 15*oouple^ ahd-buried 4&d6tceasetf per- 

'.\ff iThB'SociietyhayetottekitowIedge/wMt gra- 
?jtiliatBiUie:iw0ipt of a benefa^tfon ^oiiefatm* 





'' The Society embrace thi9^/0WRti^uiiilyii»te^ 

y/^^^W^9y> .^r tifi9 very Ulp^iid ati«»4ioir trnth^ 
,^fe^4s. of tjiie j[psUtuUQa/\ 



• f . ' ' r H ' 

w4H Jfh&tradi of a Prospecfug of an Ecclesidki- 

cat EstaMiskment for Brittsh India, conitnu- 

^'nicated}bif tkt favor of a 'Member of this 

-yi^ociefy to^ the Ckkirman of the Meeiing of 

' an Ehst Ihdia Mission Committee, on the 

1st of June, 1812. 


«/' Dr. Prideatix olieeiffed^ Umi :' ithe j/m^f 
*\, titte to hawr made hk praposak ifvtonkl'iimve 
!f bMD) whien .tiabe ftmv East ladia chaitar irast 
^jraatad^ for then the CMipaay nu^t-'kive 
been ^Ui^adj^by hauing it «adeia.ooaiitloii 
V of.<tb€»r ei^bli«hma&t»'to imkitein ^. lebool 
" .a»d. a ehiu^eh. fur .the^ bfoait.of tl» ladian 
f ijlhabitai^ts) of each (tf* those. ti(^WM Mrbkliibe^ 
*'. .Ip»^ l^ tb#*a in. thcuie perto.f . li • 

s ^' He olMerves ^bat .' ti»« tOiilehi Jaw^iluiis 
'' C^pany.oi^qtaiqjnithf Iiidm)tM 
miaisters for the coavergion cS Infidel^. «ibo^ 
ajre>wider th^ir, dooiiaira^ /md are alik)B«n«- 
aa^flj ,Qxp^iiif« ;of ijleji OMnuand poiaadaifiir 
I'thid purpose; and haye hereby coaverted 



^mra^ijtjriiirtW.ritlaiLiI o^^et^ii^ wf)wMib'' 
^<me v(flae&*i9Blyt (Tdwb■'«^rtbbtite^Ml1tllf|Mirt 

'' ilttfoli, fbr i^h^e use ibey pHm BitAei, Cfk-' 

'/.«id ^tbisr in^n langimgeg,' wl»i^h*the^'i|i^-' 
*' nuftUy distrflitite. among- them .for^their bMter * 
•^^ iDstiruction hi it^e Christian religicm*' * ' The'' 
'/ Datch Ea«t India Company/ he further' ob- 
serves^ ' do take eare that, all places whe#e 
they hav^ any fcotoriea^ and all ships 
^ ^[hef send to Iftdia;* be |iro«id0d with 
^ Mtti%MwaU' CBvpsuraged • to <ftnch fthe Gha^ 
^ .fei^tflmdiadkiiiiyaster the iaenuttentii*ki the Mil 
^ fiuctorie»a«ii0hipB/^ '^ '«*• - '< '• • 

•MiiUe.'ndMiMMfiidd ^ tfiat m^^OKi^ptay may be 
^ mafctad wBagfaoid •tO''brtdd*«p parwiiifl6 
^ MfiplysUimMwMd whidi.he ^ifoptmaiJUbM 
«Mtei«BtaikKAied atiMndras^ BonAay; 'aiid>lfaat 
'' &.<DaTtd'8, ki^M^b^f whlek ipladeii he(«og^ 
^ gtatB.fdidtVa aahoiri) untt t ihiliidi''6hMl4ti& 
«" erected; nthiM* tii#^4AhiiMtflfft« migM-ib^'lfiX 
"€ ittoji(ed4nUi^4!!liri(ltian:4teK^li^ 
<^.iuifMig«M^hatlh^ choice of tifd&ll4b)be liMtt 
"f ap ar-^W^^secaiiuity bfe m»fe H)^ eff^^dof^ Iiy3 
^ dttt of the ko^itali ki liondDa or ^\^h6re^ 



^titlkeM) fairHu4t 'fcttt %iv e !thBi u atf fempfatioiteiy ' 
" .when odttMltd^ftir this eafAoytatieiit/ td reiii^ 
^'i.toiinAeftBlia il,«n4t)MLt'c4mlxttAkcii to d«ct 
''iICM' tUs jrai^^isle - axMi only 'nftds^ temper, 
^'vpapdi «ad ^ihclinatMa, Jbhij pdonite ifa^nt tor 
v^mott callable of Hemg* fitfa^ for it r or e1i6/ 
. he <ad4$> ' I would propose miieh rathep^-^^that 
^^ jifter. thitf BUttUI^ Imth. receif^ «oine settle* 
^' *Cfie|El dud pcogrt$e, the. pe^90ri8 to be bred tq> 
^.)^re for thte emploj^m^nt be bro%fit from 
'Sitxdia, whi<»h vf^iU Iwtye these- turo caDtveni- 

Ittj Thdt th^ htn^ges of the « cloiAitiy 
ftoia whence they come will m>t btf ter learn, 
and itidif, t\m when they are bred np, thet^ 
mil be no aueh' danger of tbtir miscarryiiig 
wlHK) they cone thither agiain into their*iu^ 
^^ Siw oDimtiy^ M' the Engliilh ve haUe unto oii 
their going bfefice into so liot a dkaate*' 
' That ih(ipttm>wi to'b^ btonght from India 
^' 4l>r (Ilia purpokef >b6 cboBi^ii out of- the diildmh 
^ MftMabbar 6hristians, wfaor aif^ aen aiici^ 
'' fibuf oh in thoie pitlay prorided Ibey . * be aueb^ 
'^ at are not* infeiMed with the corvttptioiis of 
**^ •Pbj)ery, \vhic!b 6ie PV>rtilgoeaa af Gba bara 
^ mnoh^lai^uped'tiriatrodfNraaniQagf'thete..; 

{^ /That wben Chmidhity ^hall ha.V6: ineda 
^ focb ^ prog?^'^ ip thosf parts ^^ t4 ^^^m«{ 

1 1 " \ 


*' m aify otber |rkce i^kf^^tb^^agfish mH&smoAb 
^ in tb0$e f^js, (^.j^s^ipi^^ 
'^ ^ther^ and the care of it.)^^^^iDitted to 
'VtUe chaise and yovermoejtx^ .^ol J^ .aaid 

, /\ He reConfiniendg tfairt ^all^hipA wli^ ahall 
be 8€nl to the Indies^ and all factories, SorH, 
Qivi garrisons belongui^ to the Company be 
provided ivitb cfaapUnsy and that chq^eb be 

^' built in each of tiie same factovies/ 
. ''. Sufficient, he addsy ' hath apfK»re4 by ex^ 

** perience to convince as that it is not ^poefiiUe 

^.Mta carry on iha timpkiaf the mknptry in the 

^. East or West Indiea wkh a*f fjfood' sacCew, 

'^ ttnleM there be bitliq^ and seminaries settled 
in ttiem, that so ministera may be bred and 
ordained .apon fbe spot V He Ihm sfa^i^ what 

'' ad^ntage the Romishr baive in Ibia respeeC 

'* from thek: monastical seiouwriea. 

'' T\ve abstrai^t. from a. pr^spii^etA i)r the 
establishment of . Christianity in India, pnn 
dnced by th^ Chairman, . was then rinid> con* 
sisting of the IbttcKlriqg partii^iyfursv . 
" It states the popiriation of the Pr^t^ntant 
sul^ects of the Britisii Government ii^ J^sm^ 
to amount to 676,557^ Ro)f^o Cath^G^ftn^ 

^^ Sjf rian Christians not included^ . 

, , /^ JU thus givea ;— 

• ■ -• f • < { 


T ^%.''f 



. '- - t » 

''i • 'Iiif'iB«f6At.'■■•• 
'-' '''"** u%Mm ^ - ■■ . i -i ■ '- " 4,099 

'^"■*' King's troops - - - -" '-'•'- V,3o6 

" Company's European troops - -' " i^,000 

- ' ^ 'jf&lf-tast Protestants - - / '- - 60»0(X) 

" Civil ^n<i Military Officers and tn* . 

; , . " hiUmia ---... . 2,310 

" King's troops . - - -. « - 8i\00 

" Company's European troops - - ijOfJO 

" Half^cafst Protestants - ^ — 40,000 


*' Native Protefttent Christkris S(¥an- 
'^ jore, iti the Missionaries reports 
to the Society for promoting 
Cbristian Knowledge ^ - 13,000 

*"' Inhabitants not included. 

Civil and Military Officers - - g^g 

King's troops - - - . . 4^5(X) 

Company's European ditfo - - 2,000 

Half-cast Protestants ^ ., ' . 20,000 



" T*(al Profestents in (he (Iiree Pre- 


sMienctes - - - ^ l56/)57 




Civj^ aipd Military ,0|k«fs>. 6x^ v^" . , 
' " iiftbilawite - -. - !-i. - ^^100 
King's troops. - . - -. •-< - i^0» 
Natiirc; Protestants by ■oottipota^oB'j'/r - 
"jii J801 - - - ■ - .-i:3i&0OO 

" •• » . f < 


I 1 


'' Prince of Wales Island, Malacca, 

Mauritmo, Bourbon, Amboyna, 

Tcrnatc, Ban da, and the othet 

' '' Dutch islands - - ^ - I*?3,50a 

'' Making a total of Protestants under 

British Government in Asia - 676,557 
^ Roman Catholics and Syrian Christians not 

The prospectus then states that the number 
^ of what are called half*cas( Protestants in 
^ India, being the children of Eng-BsA fathers 
by native women, • tew so muchirtck^eased ad ta 
** become fcn object of anxiety t6 the Govern - 
^ ment; find, certainly of the highest * c^imi- 
" 6c*ration to all considemte pet^dniifrMn' their 
" destitute conditiofi for the most pkrt. * * > ' ^ 

^' This description of thfe-sAbjfectatrf fte BHttsh 
^ Empire are excluded ' f rcJiri ^ the? fe6»Vi^e of the 
*' Company, civil or miWtary; except ii« Viii^Hn- 
•* ferior arid degrading empfoyittehtt." TPh% iarc 
'' in'getibfal l)imight lap Prc^^ 




^ but for want of' Pirtrt<»s(atit instruction many 
*' become Roman Catholics, an^ sdDfie ^ee^de to 
^^' ti^ cast of" therr mothers and beeotne Maho- 
^' ^Mtans or Hindoos. 

'' The^p- arc further stated t<> be left ifr many 
<•*> icasfe^ in the most forlorn and abject condition^ of 
^ liegt^ct and ignorance^ wanderings among the 
natives by whom they are despised, scarcely 
understanding or speaking Englid)^ which pre- 
cludes them from tlie instniction of the £ng- 
*^ lish chaplains^ and in a mere state of nature 
^* under its ipost deplorable circumstances. 

'^ ' In many cases these children are not the 
'^ immediate offspring of European parents^ but 
^ removed three or four descents from them^ and 
V approximating in the same degree to the habits 
'^ and ideas of their heathen neighbours; be^ 
^'.tueen whom and tliemselves however tbename 
f. of Christian draws a line of distinction, which 
effectually cats theat off from <hem, and joined 
with their poverty and ignoranoe^ places these 
'' l^hikliven m a worse state, than the Muasuloiait 
?' wd Hindoo: cbitdran around > them^ as tl^ese 
]99t aie- instructed in the. learning lOf^ tbeirre^ 
spective caiits^.a^d fitted for )$ttiiatioMUa life; 
Vi^fr^li .\Fhieh. thfi Quistian napae.serv^er to ex- 
^li|de tbos^e. to whpm it belongs^ without be** 
pt^i^g,aipj)^presQnti€)qj9ivaJept' , 

]U^ calipvli^^dtM the.)»df-ciist|Pr 
'*. in BsingfA twdU^ .depeiiiden€J$li4o.uo|^4uooi}nt 
f' to fewer tljan 50,000. 







. ff Tbf |pn>ip«ctwi ih«a tak«s « view oC fii# 
'* chaplaia't stations in Bengal. ( 

/'.Ti^y as^o^aiMt ta 31 civil and 19 miliiait 

stations. Of these 50 statjoo^i vnwf hfive heea 
f 5 . withmt the olBi^es of jreligion for SQ yeiura past^ 
^' though at each there reside ne^eially a jii4ge, 
^f a coUe^tpr^ a camnercial r^fidei^i^ with fa* 
^' milies of ihp 6x9*^ cqiisii[eratiofi in the Com- 
f^ {iMy's service^ together with thfiVMsistants^ 
. ^' and fi^milics; apd a sqr^oa* . 

''; 2dly, Indigo planters^ tradesa|ei)j an4 other 
:' Eui'opcsufi inhabitant!. 
' ." 3dly, Halfrcast Protestants. ^ 

'' The nature of. the spiritual wants arising^ 
r from the defec^ of jchapbiins ^boye-mentioneidt 
'^ is there described — such as no clergyiB^ for 
^' celebn^ing oflkefi of bfiptifmi^ marriage m in* 
^-4Mment^ baptisms delayed on this ijjccount^ Ac^ 

^'The establishnient proposed fw Brifisb 
f^ India ia there detailed in" sefend sdiemes. 
- ^- T^he 1st scheme cMiists of - 

^' /. 4n archbishop to be resi^^it ^t Calcutta. 

'' Thriee bishop^ to be rp^dent fit Mddras^ 

f' Bombpy^ ^dCeyloUt 
, f^ l^pi^-^chd^acpn^ for thjCf^. fqur di» 

'^ Fi^ty fii^opeai^ ch^Iain|^ gn9we]:iq^ to 
f!! piur incumbentB* * .. 

' Pne hundred. coontrjr. ^)^fi^ni|.,9npp^^ 
f f la PUT cniBf 68, ai^l t^^iffl;. ^.^owwj^ ijf tet 
^' tives or of fSoiopeans ord|iiBe(l iq \e^a^ 

' »» 

• I I ^'i.- -^^ 

i I 


^ Europeans. 

/ (lOt.ipyif (5o!feg!PS (ot th% instt^j*tmn^ of natives 

^**Wt(A OiM^m iMMKl«d for tlie minktfy ; ftnii 

'^'idsof^ edtt^tirtg «clKwlih&6ter3 <and ctft^Msts, 

^ ohe'for each Tespectiyd rfiocese. 

*'^'* JiitclniMiiy^t' nkiry to be equal 
' * to that of Chief Justice in 

'i ... : « BeQgof, tthout - - - iSSjOOD 
'^ Bishops' jBalary equal to the Judges 

- « there - - - - - 6,600 
" Archd^cohs - <• - - 3fi0(> 

" European cbapkins - ^ ^ 1,OOQ 

Country. Chaplains i^** ' " ^ 

' ^ >60at - 200 

* Schoolmasters - . - - lOO 

• <* Colleges calfeu'Kted at per wintinf 1i,000 

» J. 



Deduct for present establjsbment 
^' «f the Cooiiway * r 3&,40Q 

•r.i. i; 


^ Of Ceylon efitabli^hment lihkhown, 

'^ By tbis establishment eacli of ihe PresU 

•^^ ^ehcies Would hAve one bishop, ' one arch-. 

^' deacon^ about twelve chaplaing, twenty-fira 

•^ '*'ccWiirtry'chaplft^^^ fifty scfioolmastiers, bu< 

*'* kl ^te^ of 'th0 'Pnpli4ewifs re^uirfe a Iftrg^^ 


f ^itpHjahtif!!* <hia>i <tfk(fe<t;Ttid8tiari3robp matttt 
," of regulation. •, • .'i n«'.<i''! ;;.!;i...'i- 'i<) •" 

. .«t.Tlieo(faer 8(^ni|Ks«»e;tenrfidli^-<2(f.ottu(s 
rrdihe ardkbuhppj,' and ttt^iw tht^thmelbiRlKips^ 



'^ berpf chaplains^ 4c. . : / ^ r- >-2 * 

'' The Uiird scheme brings the • niRAberi of 
^' bishops tp twoy one « idng*s bykop; forCeyT 
f^ kM| { the other % Con^My'ji ^Aibcf Ibr ih^ 
*' peninstUat ' 

^^ Among the explanatory mmurks'Miridh'IU^ 
.'^ Imr, theoe obsenratiom occtr.i 

'f J. ' That of the pro^rkl^.of aainttane^ 
^f. 4ia^le degree between the bishops atid cfabp^ 
'' jaia9> f[> ^pre8efye.:^me harmpny and fonv 
^l fiiatency ifi th^ e8t%bU6bmei4, 

r 'S« ' That whether there shiOl be any vam* 
f ,try chaplains at all depends upon the appswit-* 
^^ men^ of a bishop, for if there be no hislidji 
^ tbey cannot be cirdained. 

'•' a. ' That ^h^ complQlioB c^ any of th? 
^ ^bove lists may be graduate the only adcbtiov ^ 
^' required, ioiip.ediately to the efity^ng.estabMi^* 
^' iqeut cpDgifiting in|h^. apppiiit{i)|ii)t«of bi»h^ 
ff apd ari:h(|wpong, a»d a feiir jbhim^ £:«^h 
^^icliaRiftinf Th^ bishops ^ cotistjbifj^ . .tk^ 
^' schools and colleges. ; . ... , .u • ^ 

>'' ^. V There are. pwif it^ |oij|i of. English 
!'- ff!wap»en, f pvding. ia I«^iii .iv^o .miffhli tlftg' 
*' .fefcj^SWght^ip to thp miniptiy, ilt^ifipa^B^ 

(/ 'A 

.''of sending them. horn?. ^ • :' i ^> '• 

i!i.:tfr 3^ . ' }f itb^PQP/be^ai^t Bp biidnp oe^our ^ dhiil'cb 
,<f't]tffi oddftki(t]a*H'c^pra^9tK fira'.tbeireDpLetni iiUitl^ 
^'fnit'isotd bejsitpoclfd that td^hen «f ^Alaieiyd^- 
^' nomiiuitions will pervade th^ ootantry \ jnl % 

;tiv!M €^ ladia .<)itg^t j^vvwiy^ to >hav!e .he£ftra 
their eyes the nature an(l fojrip. pf our chasqh 7 
HvA he MFknesats IhamiolviQSitkat igpe do liodor 
V to it and do not despise it When a ndtiv^ 
^' i«4i|^y tp e»il|iMe Gh if be see6 that 

■ ' thie bMiop 19 a jchief ebamcter iijr thestate^ ^nd 
that Christianity has the sanction of the do- 
vemmentj lie ipuM know that h^ will haVii 
'^ fatJtefBtkin. At present he sees nolhhig befoVe 
'Mdft in his csontersiion^ but re^roaoh and rub. 
This very important observWion is conArni^d , 
* f ' by reports received by the Society for pfo- ' 
r iftoti^gCnirilliftn Kni^wledg^ not l^ng* since, 
''I'fitatin^ that the bitterest persecnfiori bad been* 
/^ anployfcd to liarrass the frative converts' %y * 
f' |dm<? of tliisir countrymen/ actings tfndf|< the" 
'^aatttority (though ^yithout the sanction, qr^pro- ' 
":'feablytfefe knowledge, as to this particulttf')'<)f 
f^ our own collectors, - .-^ ' 

^^H^%\Xir Benf^ai alone Eire ! 3,899 European 
^fiititotWftirfls, ^T are cwit servants anifcraiB^^ 
f'.^ta9^«fli<^>v4^' of fibera!' ahd cespett^Q^ 


M fedftntdlidtitr in ^^ir toWn dMf^ OfUh'esd 
« 13,299, a tentii part cte h«t ¥€ttirri to- Eiig- 
^ bnd ; they desire of Cimtte -^Wfefdacat* their 
**' chJldreBin the Protestant feitfr; and t6 Mng 
" itbetti at « ]Erroper age for cifH^mMi&Atb^he 
*^ Bishop ftccofdiDg to the rites' of the Cthirth : 
'^ but the means are wanting. ' !h Bengal ii6ne 
^^ thoMandft vrotAd profess Christianky^ if Aiey 
*' trere to meet* the sanctions <rf tlie state, and be 
^' t^eved from the positive inconveniencies and 
*^ misefies attradofit on their torMetAon, tirtder 
^ pr^ent circumstances; wbidi operate in j&ct 
^ as direct disencoumgeroents to tiM growth of 
^ CbrisCianity, and that under ' a Ghrisfttan go* 
*^ vernment 

^^ 8. 'The ardl^deacon is to perfdrm some of 
^ the duties of the biirtiop in his absence : he is 
f* also to visit the churches^ ascertain (be state of 
^< Prottestents, &c. 

"^^ It is mantfei»t 'that few Engliih preachers 
'^ in InAi can never instruct the mas^ of the 


• If Ghlistianity ever pervade the country ge- 
'' nerally, (and God forbid that we should sup- 
** pose it wiU n6t) k must be by the rairiistratiori 
-^'^of ^thenaHves. 
'''^ &; ^ By country chaplains is si^ified gene- 
**'rtlly' natives or Europeans Ofdaitied'M tKe 
*^ «tl>!»*try r t^ttt clergymen frwh Ertg-ttmd' ^hiay 
ff telnftttd^^d W they wilt fto(^ ibe la^uatiAns, 



'f 10.» ^ Si^)9olaaiatoFB to lie fMmbw« ef the 

ChuiEt^b of £n|;^aiiA;*Eurapoans in huitble 
circurostaiiG^s^ Mich as seijeante in the mmy, 
itcfCHyed'tracforSj &c. may be induced periiapa 
to accept ^uu» office ; bat iii niogt parts the 
Ml^K^-maBters wiU be derived from the half- 
cast young men educated at the schools of the 
• iPresidca^^y ; and these also will probably form 
f}^ chief numbers of the country chap^ins. 

1 1, ' The two chief practical advantage^ of 
the propo^d f stablishment^ particularly as it 
Tcgpects the natives, are to be expected from 
the^ifthops; and the country chaplains and 
scboolmfin^ters, from the influence of the bishop/ 
on the one hand in giving dignity and char 
racier tf>'th^ ISngKsh religion in India (which 
(^ it has never .yet had^ and from the sahUary 
f' labours of each^ 

13. ^ It being ascertained that the chief part 
of the Protcfltaut population in India speak 
only the native language^ by wimt aieans if 
those here recommended be not adcqited, can 
they be preserved in, the profession Df the Pro* 
'^testent faith ?' 

" The provisions for building churches op^ 
'* cupy the concluding portion cf>,dlis. inter^^tVpg 
'r document; / At present there supe but three 
'^ c)barches in India, the chief of which; was 
aided in oonstractign by Hindoo contribution, 
Tfaf fi)rthear.^ep4oa of tb^sp wo|dd pyif ^i\ 

-^ r 

« • 



^ • 







♦ ' * 





7 ffflf^U aad v^idfsaae in Iiniia}: • wliidii theft bane 
^' not at present o::iii. ' ^ ' -i 

. /' Gavibnuoent will no :doil)»t 'Mli^t tBiferinin^ 
^^ ihoae* buil4ifii^ by. «cHAe ^dctquf^^ogpniot : r 

'' Small but CQfiUKodipw PbttTcbes may i)e 
'^ erected of durable construction in India for 
'f 3000 or 40001. each, pFeserving the cus- 
" tomary and appropriate form of steeple^ &c. 
^^ that the Englifih soldiers and our countrymen 
7, o;^ all 4e;»criptioqs, after long abMaee frpm a 

iQhrisUan cqujatry^ vmy recogiiite it cfaiiiptcb. 
Tfai^ least that might be looked for irpnttbe 

i(|ipeirial FarliiaDent for this purpose, imtM 
'^b^aa aid of 100,0001. 

' f* The remaining heads of the pf ospeotus |^« 
^ hJ^/t .to the abolition so earnestly ^o be desinpd, 
'^ of indecent and inhuman customs, by discre^^ 
''.4itfQg them in all way^, and by pradent f e^ 
'^ jtraintSi 

f The appointment of chaplains to tke ships 

^%of tbe ^onfiprable £a<t India Gom|M(ny^ is 

'f .thpre.pti*ongly recM^QHimded : k is dkeplynto* 

/^ be regretted that this provision din^tadby Uss* 

J^iegidaliv^ haf b^f^u so kuig ivanti^ 
The Cpmmitt^e buying ^^d tbis/ab#n£t 

.ojf A plan for the qptaUp^hiQ^ei)! of the Chnstimi' 

Church in India, according to the^ form and 
<T patlerh of the, Churcli of Efigland, desired )lo. 
r fxpress their thanks to tb§^ ijlfe.i;^!^^^^ 




'^ »tey wBos0i fardr they received the M9. tHijcfi 
"^^kiraiinn ttjl with mtith abii{t}% dud ^eat'locat 
'' knowledge. 

- r Agreed; that'lhe iHarikB of the 1doTrtrtitte6 
" upoitllH^t account fcn* given to William 'Wflber 
'^ fereej Esq. Ibr thi^ communication ^. 

<< 4 


• "^ 

» - . • • 

/ fieri sevieral years past/ the Society had becii 
entertaining en jmxioiu wish to Aimisb their Mis- 
aioBs^ in tiie East Indies^ with a succession of 
baraed and pious meoi^ in the place of Ihbse 
who^ having finished their Worlt and Itbonr'of 
love/ had entered into the scenes of another and 
better world;— Wkh ^is view, correspondence 
had been had with the Society'^ ancient don-' 
nexiona m the University of Halle in Saxotiv, 
whence they had been long accustomed to re* 
ceive oaadidates for the Mission. The defec- 
tion from orthodox priilcipleB, in matters' 'of 
fiUth^ and the spread iti GenManyofa kind of 
.fjiUoeopbicaii infidelity, in eonnexion with the 
sad evils resiUtkig from protfttcted wiar, and ^o- 
Ihieattevoliltibm, for a long time, rendered all 
srttetniptstO'dbtain snitaMe M'^sbionaries finiftleks. 

* By the Rev. C. Bac^annaD, D. E^. /or wljo^ yf fy, jra»v 
luable information on the subject of India, the Chrlstiai^ 
wdfid li 10 tnucfa iixdebted. 


At 4engfl»/ hbtrcver, tKrou|^h ih^ g(6ocf ' prd^'t^ 
dence of God^ the Society htfd fhe satisfactioi^ 
of fiadtng thai the Rev. dlil4s(ophiI4s Aogtaft* 
ti^Qs Jacebiy had tarl^ed in London, in the 
moHthof Dieccinber^ 1812, «^ith Letters tesU- 
taonjAl )uid reeommeudatorjr fifoin the Rfer. 
George Cliristiatn Knapp^ Doctor and ProCessof 
of Ditimty at Halle, in order to engage in the 
lervice of the Socitefy, as a Missionary fo the 
East Indiei At a meeting of the East India 
Missionary Coimnittee^ on the 2ZA <lf Jalfuary, 
1813, the docnments from ibe trorthy Dr. Knapp 
ivere produced, dated at Halle, the SStte of 
August, 18 IS, from whence if appeaered, that 
Christophilus Auguslinus Jacobi, bortf at i^^ 
b^nhavia in Saxony on the 2Sd erf May, 179f, 
had passed from the Grammar School at Porteas 
to the UniTersity of Leipsic, where he had ap-' 
plied himself to the study of Divinity two yearly 
imd th^A migrating thence he had aftewards pur- 
aaed hi9 studies at Halle, for one year; that 
he bad aUended his Diviitky Lectures, and tim 
Lectures of the other Profawon, widi kudaMb 
and assiduous industry, and true correcttiess df 
iife and manners ; that he had sedulously aipiplied 
Mtiiself to the study of Christian Theology, and 
devoted himself to the serviee of Chri^, aod^sit 
having intimated his disposition to be employed 
in p^phgcLtihg the'OospcT in the East Indies; it 
^htf d iken Ihe wish of the learned Professor^ that 

Jit* * 

^.ccia<^te for tl)e b^ly l^ifustry^ i%te \^ 
J^U^of^^^ thisparpo^e. ?— Tlwirp 

pf^ CjTder^^ jjj^der th^ episcopal: seel, and aigp 

i^t^aQiial of tipe Plight He?eren(t Fre^erkus J^Iuo,^ 

t£i]i|s^ Bishop of ZealaQd, dated Hectics m ^di^ 

busjfmiri9, q)i$copciibw, the 11th day of Nqh 

ifi^o^x^ 1812, from which it appei^r^ that tbo 

ji^d^ C^fi3tophiltt9 Aupistious JwxibU by. the 

^ta^i Vii9bf%, wit|i bis asaisting PattqrSj i^ the 

<pi)urch ojf the Holy Spirit at Copeahs^en^ ex 

,TJHi^ A^Q^tolkifi^ precibws, Tuanumnqm itngosi" 

Mom^ had. been oYdained a Presbytery and that 

at ;wa9 their prayer to God, that;, by his ministry^ 

the lii^btof the Gospel might be widely spread 

iipopg the GjejFitUes ; and that the 3aid ChriBtq- 

jg^ilut AAigustijius Jacobi^ by hit piety ai^ dp4^ 

trme^ by sivivity of mannei;*, and. conata^t h- 

houxs, m^t^ao recomn^nd himself to .their. 4<^r 

bre^birea tb^, Bish^s. and Preabyt^r^ of tbe 

^Church pf EngiaAd ; to the veligiaaa Society for 

j^ofQotiug Chi^^iau KoQAvledgje^ Iqi^ eskgagqd 

^m sprfa^i^g the aalxflary doctriaa of Ctiript 

^oog. the. Geutiks ;. and lastly to th^ Missipn^- 

ippfi conpecM^ with the Soc^ty in the Eaft 

|j^ies,; tluit ik^, his niediators and sponsors, 

,in^^tJb«Te,.tii^ir ei4)ectations fulfilled, r^-^rr- 

, ^by^ the. JRev, Mr, gqb«*b«iii md, wjis, wUiWyj *l- 

tLtiU'on his nl^iMt iik^iimtmfno^ttie ^mpUjA 
iuikemvtttstiRgmtaki£ pv^ffMgaiihg^hAUtmi. 
KiMMprfedge in Jbidiat;^^«i«^tJiriicr:stfieii adlpfe^aiiA* 

ii6t hesfteteto agree' in opinion rtiiai. it itoidd^bBi 
pr6per to receite Mt*. Jacobi rata tiie ntntnien^A 
tfl^ Society's Missi^raries^ and to be eof^i^g&dxim 
kikj <tf the Soicietys Missiam hk india, vifeoii 
his serviced Inay-Re deemed, by the: other Miit- 
sionaHed^ to be mdst itanted;, ai^d niOfltlife^<tar 
be nsefiil. The genend Board nirtaiimondycoir*' 
cohrnig with their Mi^OD Committee, ' dimMl 
thatth^ eipenced which hfiLdbecn incirrredby Ilfir. 
Jacobi, ddrhig hiB pddsage ffoift C^enhagen^ 
and since his arrival in Londbn, and that might 
be incarred for his comfortaftite' stfstentatiob till 
till he should embark for Iftdia, be disclrtrged 
by the Society. — Application was likewise or- 
dered to be made to the Directors of flie £alt 
India Company, for a passage for Mr.-Jiicobi 
to Indifii, on board one of their ships; aitd the 
Rev. Dr. Middleton^ Archdeaddn of Httn^rig- 
don, was requested, by the Board, to deliver a 
Charge to Mr. Jacobi, in thfe ^nxtae b( 'the So^ 
ciety, at a general Meetihg'to b^tioMM'fdl'that 
purpose, before hts dejptkMure.^^-^^'-^ltlite ibf^ 
dtsatdn obligingly andertakmg^fs goo* 4^ce, 
the Chaige was mbst imjprc^ivteiy deltvetdB,^iit 
A humei^tos meeting of the Sfocibty/ cki 'Fties% 

fiUkncy iifl^oek>Mri Jacobi ibcmby •ppcuoA'- toe ' 
hmkiibmiej^ ii^^lteraiii^ the EogiifJi ^If^n^t^^^rr ^ 
Ainlfte! i ArobdtfMOQ'^ very learoed^ > {mous^ %iidr« 
■fciit^fcto: ClMtgt , ♦ he received the^ mqai oc^ial 
Jtlnniiir of. ihi Board, with a request that. tJM^ 
mdM mi^fc be. printed fi>r pablicaAion.; tfinlthe ' 
SociMf Anoinow happy in the opportunity of: Jib* ^ 
tradocibg-. lA . their Annual Rep^^ thiy mt^, 
Atnliiig . AdQlre»i, together wit^ Mr; Jacot^i'B 

• « . . •. - - 

'^ jiChijLrge dcUv^ed by ore the SociUj^ for , 

:. '' ^^fMting Chris(i^h JQu}xfiledgc^ on the ^34 

r Affupch isiS, to ^A^? Mev^ a, A. Jwobi, tJien. 

^ ,'y 'flho^t pQ ]fTQC(^ ifsom afthfiir Mi$$i(mart€S 

^.f'tciln^ai hf^ T. F. Midiilpton, D.D.Arch- 

^ ^\ io/ffon of Huntingdon :^ iag^^ther with Mr, . 

u u 



^' tieft, to ^hidi it haiM pMm hMk^j iVi? j»er^ 

^^>on« pre-emihatt 3i our tiirt.t(Nt;lbF th^kpi^w^ 
f" tedgt (md tiieir piety, migh^^v^rM^ tib^. ^potfc 
t! preMmptuott Misth a Mm^of hm-oym kn^ei^ 
^' taCf ; yet siicb if theoe^asioa of Vm d^y^^ 
" sofemnity, that it ean hardly fU) to awdic^tiie 
^ imi9t torpid to otegenial leeling «iid reftpdMm. 
^ The character^ in wliieh you stand bcfem^ w^ 
''^ it 18 ffnpombk to contentplaft ^iritli i«4pR»- 
^ r^nc^: as astnngef, you are efitit)od1<^.frar 
** tMrteay ; asa ehristiaa to oar benevolflaeo^ 
*^ M a scholar, to our respect : bat you hnt 
^ higher pretemions than these: ire regard yoa 
as invested with the functions of an ApoMie ^ 
yon are known to us, as one aniiiafted with the 
desire of extending the light of the tikpsed 
^ Gospel to tho6e, who sttil sit in d»ritiie»:^nd 
^' in the shadow of death : irith this vieir yoa 
" bavc renounced the ties of kindred: mil of 
country, and pfo^pecta highly ftattenng^ to 
youthful amfaiticHi : you ar9 J^eady to encopMiter 
'^^ the perik of the oq^n and tbj^ Amger of; 4\9- 
^ ease in afcMtei^ dime :. you m$ pi!)ep^^ to 
^ icoiitendagaiaet the sophistry MirfAhfifmil^ 
^- tb^ midii^ of tbe-^viebed ; and you hw^.Jiplt- 
^'^^Yited '0Or«sii^ tbi prciM)Mli$n oCypw 
^f :tUi1y>p(irpOse/ seddng; oiily ..foo4rtM»fi|$ai|ip#nl^ 
^^ and M90^D|fL to bet&or0iKith9QOttfciit : 





^''ftlMrbnce mri «ifqtfeiti0ta ; Undl doabt not 
^ tlikt f ^MthiMHy enptes^ thb tetttiamit of this 
^^tiU^MVasseibblyi when I ifeehn^ thM iti^ 
^'%b8<^ 'fit titBty itldhrkKiri tte utajpiittldtif of 
^'fMf tiiideftdl^^ Md the wictky oiT your 
"^'^aittddr AM nfost bonotinMy %^recMed 

''^^"I^btiri^friatere^, whicbydilhBTesdected 
^2lft Are ihMtre of yom exefrtkms^ does^itideed 
^^yf&ilf «rtU for the laboura of pious and difin'* 
^* terteted titeit. Amidst all the darkness^ which 
'^ Mill ifiivd6p«8 the Heathen world, the super- 
^'•titkms of Hindustan c^re calculated to eteite 
^' 4n the mind of the ]rfiilosophef, as well «• of 
5« the Christian, in a peculiar degree; emotions 
^ of pity and horror^ Very fin removed frosn a 
^^state of barbarism, retatmngeven the vestiges 
*^ of ancfent science and refinenent, gifted with 
*** faculties, which cuktb^ might cdevate to tlie 
^ pMudest emtnenoe of inteHecUifd attaimaent, 
"** Alld in their nature and hqmane in tfaar de- 
^'pKMment, the Hindus present: the most bment- 
^ ^afife speetacte of religious depraVatien^ and 
"^ Mfrte to deiaonstratelKifw Tfc^ aodwretobed 
'^'ishMtan nature in k» most favoured oiMtm- 
^'StmMi, uablened wttb a kudwle^ of the 
^''Ctue'Oodttnd of his reosonable semike. . Ybu 
^^ are d6ubtless well acquainted with tlfC/hotrid 
«^' rites of'thersHgion of Bmhuui; jfminomthe 

V u 8 



^' . pi^ctice. 4>f exposfiig infiint% or oQ^tH/i^ ikfm 
\' tojthe Gs|ng^^: yp)ifire.iu)t ij;nanMit,;thattlie 
y ^u^w^perlwpBiintUeprupe.9Jf,^^^^ 

cf; accord wg. to tlyi^;$qper8t^Qi).^9i;PfurtM^^ 
*' o»st^ i$ . bur^ a^iye ;>YiUi |um; yot)^ UarV^^JT^d 
^' of the a>v£)iL9cea^ f^t Juggen^autj, whore. tlie 
countiy for miles arouud exhibits tiie hoMj^ of 
voluntary victims, s}ain bjeueatl^ the vrh^els ^ 
^'.the car. of ,81^ idol^: and you ha.yc cqntem* 

V plated wHh disgust the variety of tortiures) 
^' which the deluded devatee inflicU o\k Iwi^l^ 
'' iu ovder to loerit the favour of iiis jg^qdi. 

What practices more repuguant tp ^o^tural 
Reeling auduupervorted reason have the au- 
'/ nals of tlie most savag;e superstition brought to 
'' JUg'lrt ? What more atrocious enprmiUes have 
\' obtained, ^moiig; the niost ignorant ai\d feroci- 
\' om Islanders^ on >yhom the Jight of scic^nce 
.'' nev^i) beami^d^ and whose fs^culties ai*e little 
'^ eleVfVted above the instinct ofU^e bi;ute crcatiou? 
'r It should sccm> indeed, not only that tlic natural 
''£tl)ehumaai uiind^ hqwever cultiv^ed, 
^' arc incappble, without. a ^ivi^e jrevelatipn, of 
*J fttlaining to h knowledge pf U^a }viU of QoA, 

V but tligt the progresi> of roOnqiQeut uimcQORH 
\\ paui^^d >vitli insti^w^tion in tlie.^vay^ of tj^c AI- 
y r^iiguty^ serves only to I(i^() nianviurtherjfrom 

1 ♦ ■■ * • • y • • . 

mi ' 

^*»thc^iHSlTRWfy 'of divine tnith': 'ft '^honkVftoKm, 
**-<hfftt'in thtf-abfiettcfe of the tniel%ht, 'fencrice 
'^*^rt'e^'bliljr <6 fAultiply the deltiJ^iotis, ortMUffcli 
^*ltti fester reafdy to r^t hi«' hopc^V prim(?Vaf 
^-^ttaTdltUiiTi 'Ibtetbme 'gmdually tiibrfe ^nd rif^re' 
^'dfsftfrWrf by thb' pcrversetK^ss'of'htimau'lnge- 
^ htuty; and the wildconjetettircs ofthe philoso- 
^^'pfty'dfPbj^nisni kre embellished and' cbnse- 
** crated in the #rse of its poets*. ' ''*' '■" 

■' *** 't^o dissipate the darkness of the Heathen 
^ ^^erW.-^to mstnict mankind in th(? \ViiTs and 
^ fn the vfiM of God,^arid to unfold t6 them the 
^ mysteries of redemption, onr Saviour pro- 
^*lfi6TTn(*ed tO' his chosen fbltowers the incmol^ble 
^ injtinction; ' Go ye and teach all nations/ bhp- 
** tiering them in the name of the Father, and oT 
"^ the Son/and of the Holy Ghost/ In further- 
^ ance of this end the' Apostles tvere ehdtied \tilh 
miraculous powei'st yet even they '-^f ere not 
taught to expect that their ^ path 'n'ortld- be 
smooth, or that their cotiraare And cdnstiancv 
wotild not He subjected to severe trials. In an 
** undertaking: similar to theirs, vou are now to 
" toig'ag^e : you cannot, however, hope, thmm;li 
^' iv<3 doubt not th&t in such a work God wHI be 
**with you, that the same assistance, whidr 'was 
^^ vouchsafed to the Apostles, will be also extendec^ 
^^ to you ; while y(),u may reasonably apprelieudji 
" that ill the dilTiculties, which you >Yili have to 
^ Ci|Counter, you wiil m^rc closely tread in theiv 



'^ bri^ter <t)d n^e «h{mfttiflg< p#tl' iH'ytlaf' 
prospect, mthm t^tgi^g ifbiii to ytttnt^ihi' 
fortify your tnmd a^mt iiM^tftttleiiiMtt^iM^V 

'^ I might 8^m «o deragate fl^ tl|^ 4(t«li|rii{of 
^ yoarhcrfywMlltkMi. * -'^ 

'' It ni|i(t b^ admitted, tiMit: tll0 fmgresk'of 
^ Chri9tiaiitty m Ia4^ hu not bMa iwdtt-a^ 
f< migbt'have been expeete4j» cmiiideriDj^ at how 
^ early a perio4 the name of Christ was cttftled 
to i^ ^heres. Whether PantmiM^ i^i Iha 
second century prope94^ P^ l^i^* ^ yKtt^n 
*^- farther tbltn the b^ppy J^Vi^*^ it iscertaii) 
'' that the Peninmla powc^^d a^kM^Iedgorc^ 
'^ Christ early in the ^rtih centatf : no doafat 
f^ b ^tertained^ tbM ^"luimiitiiui the Apoitk 
^* eC A^ymnifi bec^ine an IndlM Siabcpf ; it 
^ ftMids upon reerMTd^ tb^ the Pvinntoof ladia 
*^ was present and subscribed )Bjm npmeto the 
*^' piroceedings ef the Coun0l of JJice Jr ^^nd 
*' the Mabomedan writerB adiiHt, (^ 4S3ns- 
^ tianity prevailed in India, belbre'Hie IntMAier 
^ tioii of Id&mismf. f^om fbM periM; 'httw* 
'' ever, it declined r ftnd Ooaglk %'yf^ witi^^^ 
f ' tinct, having been [Hreserve^ if w, where elae^ 

• * I « 

>tt* 4 ««** ^ '4 

f ♦ Mps^eim, Vol. L p. 14«.** - ' - 

f* t Sozonien Hist Eccl. Lib. !!• cap«^.« ' ''' • ' ** 
•• % Asiat, Besesrchea, V6h X. p. 7tX J Md p. »•'' 

'*4 1 »• 

'iri9il|»ei^ibl«AWV^ibA»ii liurpMibte to Ulelkg^' 
iroili^9r«9fl9«^ «f <^C(0||K(. Ta4f»:«vit 
" that goed may come, is % dwfMvwr vinbtioii 
To<ilfeo^«iwi9ti%9' 9)(4»Utyi W)d. v«inljr aedta its 

.V/iM<IKs; .1^ Uw. JHtaAipAariefi j^] ^m^^ while 

$^ lihiwya. pw#i<«fid t^ purwt fiMJbi. Npt #nty 
H i}lMie>tb«y l)j|4 rwMiiise to &lae tigaf <um1 lying 
*i:!9mikxsi» i»9t <wly M« tbey pi«tfm(iQ^ to 
^-' in^cakHs giftay «aii i|i 4Q»e -iii4t»»ee» Jbave 
*i iamj^oMi tbeavdvei. o& , thtir eonyiwrt^ m the 
"f. .%Mf$jgi{Mo fi)iin«leff of SfH^mim^ r ¥t4 wren 
'^ tb|B-.ol|iect Miii(bl l^y Ilmi9«(ififl^. iiM ¥««n 
^ jMinilihnc very.ii^«m»h(iyp |fri9«ft ^ dis- 
*^,i'mtanttt»A 9i»ttM}^im of ^ <}pap»^. Tlie 
ff power an4 die pomp of Uie 9^ of l(on)« ^t« 
'l.tttlileitisi hew.ti>ei)r«if)ab} tj)#, tHtmlwy of, pro* 

" iftwing (l#«i«fibi lw», ¥Q«n ivgftvA^^i satl^ev 
^V/tiilw^ttw^iWi*P«M«>C4hei)r,^WlU.or tW i^urity 

« * The extraordinary inattention shewn to the Syrian 
« Christians has called forth a aefuurei ficpo) Oi]^ban> • ^t* 

¥ Vpi VIII. p, 3*9,'^ ; " 

♦♦ X MaAciro, y q1. VvJN 1 J •'' 


//m {u}ly.!iH><Vek9taniltftg' its laiiKvcxLdbligatiOTtsi^ ''and 
f'^ tiie.'SpI^Hdonr of > <^refihonie9<f hfuiiidi; 4bt 
^^ moment atti^ted prosdjftas.-'-iirbo <cf)^ 
t^'.iea^jy be pecoaeiled to tke/scaiiM^'thef(siio69j 
If 9nd. the worlil^ip ef God kit ^iftt^aiid wlahith. 
f Uj»i^99erted of) Si. Franbb Xa;vkr/ tlM' h« 
t^'. baptized upiy^dn of a millioii of Itiftdcftf j 
** of If hioh pr.etended' convwai^n, howewr^ 'veiy. 
'^^ aioali refimitiA arc now visible^ Nekber ^^'as 
•'^ :tbe< ^oadoct of athe Mtssibnarles ofrRome- tOr 
.^^ wacdtf tlieir fellow GhdstiaiA at all caleulMed 
f^« to ^Ihistrate the b^neyolent cbwacter -of the 
^^/ Gospdi i>ne of their firrtactfi wae to violate 
/f. tho freedom and to vitiate' thd pimtyini the 
'f pciinitive and ba'ppy Syro4a)dtiin Cbarch;^; 
•f^^BxnA tho estabUslimeDt of the InqaisifjOB astOoa 
<f^ in iA4t»'horrora still remams to stigmatise the 
f Cbrlatian name. Biit if the ChuMb of Rome^ 
'^f' from its KpirU and the tcfttdeney^^ite proceed- 
ffingB, >va9:Jittlo 'adaptec) to the •diffusicNi of 
'' Chriiitianityi» we shmild afao'<x>nsider how in- 
'/. adequate luivc been .4he efforts of Prateatants. 
'^ LUtle more than a century JM^ .now ekpsed^ 
^' since the commencement of the Danish Missioh 
^ ^^ to Tr^nqw^bw-^ ?^ttd its subsequent connexion 

^ ' *« ♦ SQCiety*s Report for 1776, p, 8h**^ , . , . 

* f< \^ Tennant.'s Thoughu on India, pp. 172 4 230." 
f^ % See the Preface to Danish ^onferenga^ 1?^^1. 


t^fr<iiMHr imn/fioflieti';'' Ofo>iiic.iaib6toA <of '(bat 
tSf>.JVikskHi^Qfi4herjpiK9(iv> the »Bal,f«lidJlii^4«aniiing 

frtdWEbnikiAs Jdi0}p hw'O odnteuded, .have bddn- in- 

•^ snfftienii lor{)rodu(Be anjrveiry extensive offQct; 

,^ ^hej tteve'ifrequciitly' coRi^tiinc(t> ^nd* not . 

.'*=/' >alvaysi k is/ifeared, ^ritiioQtreftsoii^ that' the 
^/di ves of (be bulk of E^vropeaii Chitstiai'isk'h^ve 
'"> etomtemcted and' in. great inaMilre defeated, 
'nithe rmott eealoiis kiboups of tihe Mi^q ^ 
ff : TheyfaHW foaiid it of no avail ta^ sheir thfit^ the 
t^ 'pcecdpts «f Cfarurt hieidcatewbatevcnr is holy 

•^' atid'gajtid) while the pmctice of Christians has 
been marked by a more thtsa heatlieti ooirt^iapt 
Jof .nligioiis^ obli^tions. To. aa -litlfe - purpose 
^'' u^u k'to ui^'(^y that tliefpersam, \Tboet) enam^ 
^ plbs' wei^ thus pernicious, were plaecd. in 
<*• jcir^imrttftnocn unfavonmble- to- CJhri^tiau faith 
V mmiv iporals*; tlmt they had left-their native 
f' H8ountrv> before 4heh* religious' iiobils and 
.*^ «Mirict)ioM ^fcad' been -foHv established ; that 
"^ dbcy were^Mrly introduced into all the dissi- 


■' ,'i-\ .- ': '-. i 


. ** * * Who kaows^* says the qxceHwt SMra?t?, fhyi God 

^* niny rcii^ove some uf th^ gre4( ob$tac)e« to tlte pr(^a-( 

" gallon of the Gospel I slioiild a refprniation take plac^ 

^^ aaioug the Europeans, It would no ^oubt be the great^t 

" blessing to tho Country,* Swart^'d y^pologVi §pciety*j 


^ > fMLtbm <if ^an- enerraiiing: idinBtf?:^ iint 4Kjr 
^^ had .isomflkiims : jm fathetfivieiiuthan^lte) ol^d 
^'' abmaniatamitf wibUU paiid)il^^ 
'' babitshad originidi^f • faMn ^kmtkmt&^iogsitai^f 
''. tod pkiy, .tbciy intdlittk aMt«K(rf iMnfin^ag 
'^^andcpreiMViDg^them.iiv axidiratajri ttdMraithaif' 
^' qfiMtonal xelif^^n ' has often :ao .tisikk: jepifesai- 
^ tetive^ and wbem the CkitifttiaB'SaMwkhr iaiUfi- 
M tiaguishaMe only i^ Ae^poqeaaKseaftheflri- 
'( tkh! fli^^* Ekli^htaaad etadour mgbt knbvi^ 
f ' how to fnake allowaace for these disadvsltai^gas ; 
'< but ^ms coaM toot expect ki tlia M^amAMdan 
'^ or Hhida> whan tho^c amang* oortfehm^ wtid 
'' alone have pm#er to moie^ the ev4» iMirtf 
'^ wA yat thought it cf raAqent nkagnitiida^ii 
^' tdtmandi th«|ir intevfermcaf . 

^^ Btit it » not mendy in thei naglecfediand 
^ depmiad state of pidsiic VKmhip among the 
^i ikirape^n Cierigtiam of India, that yoa wjtten^* 
^' coutiter 4rfMtddet to the ndcev of; your eadeav 
*^ toarsv Yon wiD lind the Hindn poflBetted* 
^Mrtth hvrcAerate prejudioea in bdw2f.a£lu»«wft* 
« iupferstition : he wAl IcH yon of its reiiato«id 
"^ iascratiMe aniiqaity, of flie apyrtic Anrtitjr 
^ attacM^ to hift sacred books, atidof tben^^v 

i • » t 

<< ment in India, p. 4/^ 
« t Siiv^e this wa&'irrinan» the question of t^axpedi^ 

f^ of as BeOarfaflaical £s^Ukitt9<Sat % li^ ii.a« been ag^ 

f* tiled in ParBWWtt"^ 

'l)(9»cld#8i2f3iyoa mil find hw ^nipvliiig^ a liigli 

''li^d^^vfonHuHt lo^ seUViMidktifln^ IM other 

^/iinki^em,'^-^y9lnA €tinBtiuiij^ the 

^^mif illiiig ijuwctectet ^d thriHiiig fite^ of )ii« 
^^.Mm-^dth hofe deeply impi^e^ad Im imagfoa:; 
^^ rtira:^' vi44<^ the olmqsrt toAal wast of CHpiBtiau^ 
'^ 'AmnimscftB^e iffll naftnmlfy. oppoae ttte pew*^ 
'( ;titfiBil ancKHttlkiiis wbich 4ifc mind wferives frma 
^^/Itei epkteaHoii tc^^A hwidred festfrab in the 

^^rpcdn^latlm fivrounibte isM^^f ymrlimder^ 
^^r/idbn^ wiU* be fcroad in the comeqaences^ 
^^ "MAkii fidttw upon i:oiiTer$iaf)> Tlie laia of 
^' cast 14 among the mopA alnrmin^ fniintlvmeiHs/ 
^ which' «ociaI ordinances have ever decided. 
^ { Tohelntprdieled'fRwi tbe onfinafy iateroowrse 
^ of life; to be regarded at «sicleai)€»«lah0«ii^ 
^! naUe in the ug^jb ef his neavert re)atffe« ; to 
1^ be^rappQ^d 16 tommtittiiate polhitton by Ihe 
"f' fiiefa toufdt f ; and to be wt off Iraai A}l4he 
^' MaMiweft )eff honest faidastvyj;; $n6b 19: the 
"f (tenditi<m 0f theChnfitiaiuatod iiindur «^ilb f jss- 
''jpeet to his ^buntryfaen? aad uabbpf^* Ji& 
** finds bnt insufficient encouragement in the new 
f* Society, by which he is adopted. R has rdi-tly 

' ' « • B«idiiiiisii*s MsMQii^ p. ar/*- - - * 

<» t Crawfbrd's Skelchw, VdL L p, Idfc** • 
*f % Society's Report for 1776, ja.Wf. 



^'vhceni' tbe fKilicy irf'durlMti&n'gviircVtnaciit-'td 


patiioniee conra^^t; and the Ghtftttian 
^ soeieties^ wl^tch bwe liitbfertoi'been IbfffiM, 
^^are 8caiicely in n conAitioii ,tr> e o tApenfmie 
^^ ,«ucb Aacriiiceflj op to fwoish alnmda&t «Bifhiy- 



''' CatNGB, sncii a» these^ have, nobntibrtandihg 
'1 the lengih Qf tinie^ duiing '>vhich the Gos^et 
^5 hus beea known in India; retarded and eircvin^ 
*' acrU>ed its progress ; :a|]ifl it must b^ admitted^ 
'^ that if no countervailing sources of encourage- 
m^t presented themselves, yoM nng4it ^el 
that yoMs vv^e enga^ng in an almost' frAttkss* 
ta^k : b^t these^ I trust, are by' no means ^tant-* 
♦f ing; and by the btossin^of God'they \vjlibe 
'' sufficient to stimulate and rewfiixl your exertbns 
** in his holy caQse* 

• ** Permit me, then, to call your attention ttf 
^^> the interesting fact, that notwithstanding every 
^' discouragement, the word of God is found to 
^< preirail, and the number of native Christians in 
'^ I India is observed to in crease : a recent estiumte 
^' makes them amouut to 900,000 pei-sons f ; and 
^^ what p^haps is uK^e to our present pttrpase, 
, . > • . -'- • 

M • Bofihaoanfs CliristuiQ IUfteSM;hes, p. 89i Iti&otlier- 
'^ wi^ein, C6j4<^n; the i)tttch, while ia pusaessita cf^hat 
f' Island, never gave an officiul appointment to any native, 
'^ who was- not a Chn«tisn; whi4h pfiseticeoscoiifiiitfed by 
^* h!s Majesty's Government. Ibid,** '^ ■• 

♦« f Warty a's aKbt**'^ Jj!^i<k" ... 

• 069 

*•': th^iilif»9di«te fruits of thM MUftkn^^irithiwUcll 
Y-syou. we eiaaocliited/ fire bseomtng attm lap-* 
•1>DWeftto > StHne yciafs hM^ ehipsed^ftimseeur 
SSfSocyl^yivras pri€»e£^le<l wUh the Semion «fian 
'^ 'OImImi^) Gm^ixt firaspk Uinduiam ^ : we hope 
^' that other equally honoarable speeioiflns of 
^^ tlitM'.wuad Christian knoiiviledse, the simple 
y ^^o^^neei and ^he geilvine piety attainable by 
rvHifiMiu^.wU balaid before im: and we^kava 
M kariftt with satialaGlion that firar other Tamirl 
Catechist^ have lately beea ealled to the oamis** 
l^y kk the preeence of the aged Sattianaden f . 
\^ 10, from the laboui's of prdaiued oaavert^ thaft 
y^^ efspect th^ most, favoui^able reMlto ; . and 
tJ^ paucity of ^uch as have bieen aUogettier fti 
(o^Fe^iyi^ 9itliUiatiuUj> m^^t hfive b^i nam- 
bered among the impediinemt^ to tlie.vrid^t 
f'. 4iffos|0a of the Gospel. For tlie use of. such 
.it i« gratify iag to be informed, that Tajnal 
boflks expl^inmg the elements of ChrislMan 
knowledge abound. They cure the .instramenti^ 
y by wlwch, under the guidance, of God, this 
^[ holy faith wjU find ite. \vay;t(? thp beartaofrthe 
'-' Ileathensi; and. an , interesting memoir ^uM/^re^ 
\' ceived^ assures us^ that the natives have lately 
V ib^vm ai mpre than ordinary ireadtoett to be 
f^. iostiiid;ed. We know from the- resjpectable 









^ * See the Sermon of JSattianaden, pubUdied try th'<» 
** Society in 1791?." '* , . . . . .i 

** t Society's Report for iai2| 1^188/* ■ " t ' 

i 470 

^' ^ager to recbitethe ruditn^ti'of iteefttrMihw 

^ tegkrd taKl%i^ar<s, iftdeea/Miia#ttlie ;4)iit 
v^ ti^'ihe remdval e¥ea ^f tUisfei (J6e Mftt^AidGofi 
f ^ f]f Eoropetn knmrledge iii« mdM'^tnpjMhnt 
^ ftep. NeMier do these j^r^AtfeM i^>)^«af ib 
^ cp«ttLi^ l^nfiC cdl^ our Mtiittdl %mdi#c the 
r I^iiis esimekiHy are ietfnt^lrtfb tftiAtty and 

*' lead to the happiest eonaequenee^, l^llNt ^ro- 
^ gcen, winch has lately beeA iimde in Hlhdii^ 
^ Litevatare. Thtrtara two distinct tie^^ in 
^ which the benefit presents itself to oai^olt^- 
''^ -vation : it promises to famish m wrth the 
''^ means of pfofing to the anconteiied Hiiidii 
^* how widdy his practice diBer» from the pte- 
** cepts even of his own refigion ; and if witt 
^^ enable as to shew him^ how mneh of the geniH 
*' ine doctrines of his religion is hut a cofrttptioii 
*' of divine frath as contained in the volams of 
^ the Christtan Scriptares. With regaid i» ttit 
^ ibrmer of these points^ it is now w^ knMni, 
«' tiiat die enomritSes practised by the* fiillitts 
''are wholly unAnthortsed^ «r but iUhfly'dMn- 

<< * Dr. John's Letter^ lately publisbgd by MeyoL Bi- 

If, ji<»W^er, t .profouBid ifnort^ce im.^mmUf 
'n-m^'V^A^ 4f of the firor ^rea^ c^stii wdy^rpne 
^*,^ %4iiu^ed itQ^bexeiuling: of tlie fedu^ tnd 
//. ^n^tlier if permittacl wly.tohMr t||fiii.i;^d; 
cf. :^^Mk tM oth^ two, by &r thtiioMifiiim^tE^iM^ 
^^ .fifty tiave oiUir the «afitni pr ^wpmemtaiy 
*?^ tmd to thrai *^ it miiMiC foe nwittar of jiast sur^ 
r'' piqM, €^eA hftd the fountain been noM ppre, 
''^ 4hat the s&pem «heukl ha?e been exceedaigly 
'^ corrupled in its progreM. But in truttr even 
/* the BmbsiiM themtelveft neem not gencfaliy to 
/^ have knofvn the real doctrines of their religion^ 
/^ ^cept from tradition ; and it ia a isiagular &ict, 
'^ that their xeluctance to coromnnicate the con- 
^' tents of their saered hooka bmi newK hfden 
f. overcome tiU within these few years. We are 
^\ told, that the Emperor Akhar f in the plenty 
'*. Inde of his power confai uot obtaiu what i3 now 
f Iroely granted i» tiie cnriosity of evcury British 
^'f io^pumr. l>t us ho|ie, that this saiyrizing 
7^ ct^^uife of Sji^timent is dfatwd to aooie im- 
tf. pfMtant parppse. Tlie advocate £or Christian 
^' rpHy wdl now be afaie to lay open »the. weakness 
^^ i^ thfe Binda aofieistitian by shewiog that its 
'^ m^S ^^eeptisn^Ue p»cikm}m^wA even the 

fiand^ of its 0was firandeis«^ that ti)C|, ai» 

' <' t Butkir « Uors BMcae^ Vol. U. p. 1£7.>V 

'';^WWifl^t«^^i^ taF»<>nj^ce ;^ad frror^ find iJAt,, 

^'^HyHsalil^ and gabliim rC(i!kiceptions,fif ijie,^ 
'' Deity/ \yhich it. c^nriot 1^ denied .that Jjje, 
''. vei^a^toccBsiQTialt}^ deTelop?.:— Biit it is pptjtl^., 
•' A£iga.tiviS argumept^^lpno, whiph^h^ pirisiian., 
.Mi^ioiiery w,no>t enefek^ to omp^^^y. : he.*>7U,, 
, farther observe, ,th^t much pf w}>at is r^y., 
^Vincuieated ID th^ Hindu dacred books b^^rs a, 
Mi^ng;^ Uioug^h di^^ured re^mblaQce. to the. 
leading doctrines of the Gospel. For pome, 
time it has heett knovrn that tiieir mos^ ai^ieitt 
writings maintain the uiiity cf God in three, 
persons ; and varioUs incarnatioos of thcise . 
persons^ especially of Vishnu, or the second in 
'* tlie Triad, are believed to have t^cn place': 
" bijt more recent inquiries have brpughtto liglit. 
*' further and very important particii}ar9r^pegt-. 
ing this sulgect. It appears that llie expec- 
tation of same mighty DelivereitprcvaiM I<>ps 
" before the coining of Christ even arnoog the 
'" Hindus, W^ . wre . told, , that jln the I^uranas, . 
'' the earth cqnii^la^ns of her being ri^ftdA^ to sink 
.beneath the acc)]bn^latcd iniquities of manWd;. 
while Vishnu CQmfQrts her^ fr^misipj^^ t^fAt. 
|Va|i end iq the jtyraiiny qf the dempiis jc ;t^t fbr. 
^\ this purax^e he would be iji^rna^d ; r arifl tne, 
'^ followers of Briddha unanimously declare, that 
''^ |biV incamatron in the WQmb pC^ «irgii\. ^yas 




**atme^fe) ^'ass *. *^*l*he HKnilui* ofiaintain^ tfc'at 
'*^'A^afe"' prophecies' were ful6lleq'ih the pericto 
*^ of ChVlihiia^ iti *like ' manner' as many of tHe 
oaiharitaris^ to elftfde the prophecies redp^Cting 
' Chnslj,. explaineH theni of Joshua f.' ' It fnay 
'^ rfeisoriably be libped; thktas th^ genuine doc- 
^^ Irmes and tracUtion^ of HindtiiShi ^hsillbe more 
'''fully ascertained^ they will ftimish 'positive 
andt direct arguments, by which the Hiiidus 
may be brought to know the only true God> 
*' and Jesus^ whom He hath sent. 

Neither should you despair, that the gti&at 
stumbling-block In the way of conversion, the 
irregular lives of many of our own countr3anen 
'^ in the "East/ even if it still exist, inay be 
" speedily removed. Already, indeed, 'if we 
" may trust to the evidence of persons,' who 
'' have teceiitly returned 'fA)m rndJa, the mati- 
*^ Wrs and conduct of our countrymen in that 
'* qualier have undfergbtie considerable improve- 
''' ment : and sUch a result was to be expected- 
''. from the provision now made ibt the tduca- 

■Jr.,* t«-., , 

'^ tlon'of the youth desfined to fin important 

"stations m Uie 'semce 6f the gOVertiment- 

y^i'he cause of Religion, it w trtwi; tistill unsiip- 

'''^ported by pul)lic"aUthority :' t>\iiC''even fbr this 

*^" radical defect the ' 'i'^me'dy; Hre' trtst, !*" at 

9 , 

*•* • A'^to, Reieardiesi VoL 3C p. *:.•' " f ^^' P* S*-*' 



« A 



tftte^ b§^ (^lled^ in. a .mai^^r^ whi^h lam 
^c^jcely b^ i^jBTectqal, to iJt^e fis^blis^^ip^ ol 
*n {Jijgji»h llpi^copal CJiii|cli ia {pdk; With* 
out i^ ind^§4^ the l^boa^ qf v MisnaDafies 
cannot opfirate ^n a very extended scsileji.anft 
tl^e want of it ip ^ Wg^nt^ tb^t it canpol 
<op«i^t6pt^. Witb oqr Christian c^ajra^rti^, or 
i)a4iiyii^ iKmi>ur> b^ lyuch Ipnger defined, 
Tlfc Churab qf J^n^^ has. hof i?ccl^i»sUcaf 
'5 . <^ablUbwna.t IM vwrioQs parts of India, aad 
" even in one of 9wr own ^^reiR^encieg *. Her 
'^ iniqffl|ca> bowewr, is mvA \f> be on ttie de- 
'' cline : . tU^ fuRcfe pf the Pi^ppagandi^ were 
5' (testf gye4 l^jt the Fisei\?b devastetiws in Italy %\ 
a{id we ara %9siired tha^ g^ioiaine Christianity 
.is ^o\y oiPF^ accep^hle to the nativefu than thi^ 
fpurioiia ajnd^ corrupted doctrines of Rome. 
Xhe^ Mobainmedans still fbx;i^ $^ ^Qsid^r^ble 
p^t of the pQp];iJati9n of Hindustanis: tb* 
Mo^leoi conquet^or^. did f^ot ipul tQ e^t^blisb 
'' their Reli^lop^ \^rherever tbey consipUdated 
tlieir power J but. their power in ^ndia isi com- 
pletely ^tin|^i|^ed by the subjifgat^pn of tbe 
y Mysore, The IJiMrtu 9^a^ pf Tanjow, 
thQ)igb tjiey neyer jhf^ye b;^ po^yejled^ .ha?e 

e>uiic^d ampre tbw tpl^r^nt $pirH ip^r^4^ ^ 
memb^in^ of, par MittHpiL, .S^y^ yi^anf have 

'< * Bombay. S«e.]Btu:lumtn*» Memoir^ p^ 5.*' 

• '» 


• - 



**'a y«iriy rewnuc to tftcf wpport of tba 
*'• Cbri«tiiin Mi«3kmitfle$ within lifs dpmiBicm* ♦ > 
^ ^^ the homeg^ more recetiiljr paid by thei 
** iligth to the Tcherahle Swarii, K^hw »t th^ 
^ fuAciW of that ApwtoHc man, \i^ irept qver. 
^ the bier ©if him, whom he deuoa<i|iaie4 bU 
^ Father and his FHepd^ (lempnitirateji thai in. 
<he 9ight wea pf Fr^ndjpe it$elf, ' hcwtiful 
are the feet of thevi* that preach the Owpel. 
vf.p^ce, and^brmg glad ti4wf» 9f good. 
*^ thw* Of th?fi« pivpttiow cittV9i(^a<^, 
^ whether or not otir Quri^tian country phfdl. 
* take immediate '^vantage by eftablinhing the* 

« Cborch of England in the fiaflt, they wS aot 
*^ at leaat be lott upon yo^. Whatever be the* 
'' diffieulties which ye« may have to siirmovntj^ 
'^ yon wfH at leart refleet, that they are iocon- 
'^ fiiderable compared Mfith those, whieh youis 
^ eariy predecaasors in the same earccr cheer^ 
ftilly eaeounteredj and m a great meastira 
0?er$ame. Wh^ they first visited the shorea 
'^ <tf I^diaj the nadw and pflice of the Pro* 
*^ teitaat Jk^tonary w^e aa yet nnknown ; ho 
^ was viewed with suspidon rather tfaaA weU 
^^ cpmed With confidenee; his HomfmiSt rivab 
^ wer^ active in prejudieing the natives againrt 
^ hlmf; there was not a single jhwiting-presa 

' «* ■ • Society^' Hcprtrt for ITSS.** 

•« t NfecampK Hist. Bfisriostf, >• 10e.'» 

X X 8 




'^ intlM qnirt&r of ' India ;' iarfrf' tiic'Scri^ 
'^ tvere as j*et i*holly nntrang!6(tct! into flrc'TattiuT 
^ tongue t but the labours dndleartiirig '6f Ittc- 
'^ gedba/g, sriatcftcd'^ awsiy ds'bc '*<vas''W'flie 
'^ flower of fiis age '/ produced the Tatrful BiWe; 
^ and happily for 'the interests of th^ CirriWan 
**^ cause, his companions and successoiri irf flic 
^''Mission have, for fh^ ntfest xmri/been'teikstioT 
''the satne unwearied zeal and' e:i!fertijrfi^^(le-' 
'*' portAieht :" wW the labour* of -ZiegertBalg 
'* 'ttiose of Wufefchb arid Crtmdter aife «ill assb-' 
'^'ciate\l in trkdftion :* tba yirtues of SwaHz and' 
**'' ^crick^^are 'stift bad iri kffedioriate' Tcfmem-* 
'^'braitce : and Vre trust, that by the blessing of 
'* God thfe namfe dt Jacobi may not be fwgotlia' 
^Iby those; who shall bereafter trace the progress 
^'* of the' Grtspel ifi" Southertt India. > 

• '* ThW your pious 'pui^pose may bc'folly >flc- 
'' coniplished, and that your labours, of fere 
may be rewahled with abundant fnaUj pomiit' 
me in conclnsidni to offer you a ' few stiggcs-' ' 
•' tions, which your future cxperien^' will. coN* 
" rect or improve, but which in the itfterval it 
*' may not be wjiolly liseless to r*vdlvo ittjfttur 
" mind. It is ob^ous that yoiir eritwpfi* Itfll 
•'require yotr to pursue a ^o^d- of studj','«in ' 
'' \VlHcWit cailnbt be e^tpected that ' ydd '^d&ld 
'' yet have made any grta* a*(1ittfeesi - I'he'fltia 
" of knowledge,, which the East tlirdtvs'ttp^'tb 
^' an ardent 'and excursive 'ihihdii^ so ddigtitM, ' 




jl)h»^ j^e. jaqfin^ be takcaito rijgttain cwiosity 
ifrjcjitiL ^he ix»m48 of . iscfulneas. . Without the 
4«rigiia^ of the f ounti^, id whioh you shall 
y. <Ve^de^ yjpu wojild .be! but as.a.barbaricm uitto 
th]?. people^ and they, bferbarians unto, yotu 
S^TJiesc, Iwguages are iprincipaily the Taraul 
/, i^nd the Portuguese : . many other dialects are 
*i «partiaUy q>oke& ; but you will perhaps find it 
useifift, » without loss of tinn^ to direct your 
attentioii tor these, and evea ^o make them in 
flooieidc^'ee vernacular, before y^u, shall at- 
'f^tfsmpt other^ languagesr, if you shall attempt 
'' tbam at all. You will cmaider, that it is oot 
'^ . merely in preaching to the natives, what you . 
*^ have premeditated, that your wefuUieiss will 
*^' consiat : you will find it necessary to ^convene 
^ with them familiarly on every subject which 
'* may present itself ; to enter into their :9enti- 
'>^^> »enfo^ feeling's, associations and prejudices^; 
and to be altogether such' aa they are, except 
only m ti>eir ignorance^ their superstitious jand 
tbeir<vices : but this cannot be attained by a 
jidiowledge merdy of words and phrases 
f* ' suited to. a t^pic, whicjbi we ourselves have 
'"\ ebosetij • but it supposes us to be able to think, 
*' rus it yvere^ in their language, if it be possible 
.''rjROjr foreigners to attain. so^ nearly, to (Kxfec* 
tion. Every, idioift^ perhaps, if .we jaccurateJy 
examine }t,,.is .distinguished as much by tiie 
*' j^aoiliar.tfirn of which, it. ia ac«f 




t i 

j^ tiice.; tnd.tikia tetnark js truelnpiNfe ^^^ecmlly 

of.tiieori^MiQ^itongtieik the imagoes aqd cpm? 

biiMiti<H>ji of irhitdi haJire hai dieir <MrjgiA in 

f' ha^bsts of life and model of- thiniung to ^dely 

f' diflTeijtig ftron^ WU* pwfr^ YO)»r 9ther studies 

will {>robably be aucb^ as u-e immediaiely or 

^' tdlftter^Iy coiltiMted wkh tbe ot^ects <rf yoitr 

f^ Mi$i»ioti. You Will endeavcrar to aeqiura ftn 

r" ihtiftiftte istc^iuamtance with the prevailing 

tetiiHs ^ Hinduism^ witii tbe arguments l^ 

anrhicb they pre defended^ and with th6 reasobr 

iftg by whiph they rnqy l]ie refiit^. Yon wiD 

.cultiimt|3 the3e branches of knowledge wihieh 

yon find la be popular^ and likely to recom- 

XdxtvA you to, the njitives* You witt iiiligenfly 

review th.e records of the Mission^ ^nd the 

labonrs of your forerunners^ consiclering well 

" to what cawea thdr success had l^en chiefly 

'' attribtttabl^^ and to wh&t their failitrej and 

^^ lesplying to profit by ffaeir experienced;^ >Thikt 

you emulate the bright example ^f (h&ir yirtues. 

Above .aU^ you will vi^^ the Sacred Vcjluie 

' your niedkatioo by d^y au4 by pight ; both a< 

it ii^ill ei)abie yoif .to ^est^blifih, piyino ^^Ai 

, J' in th^ hearts of jaijir h^ut^^ and ^whicl^ is 

f ' indysnensable to that great ^ndj to presente it 

■ . . f* pure and vigoroi^ in yoiaf own. * 

f' To knowledgip an^. l^ntig^ you wffl,fd4 
v.. di3Ct;etJon. You ure. ifoubtless a:nia^ate4 wiA 









*f tne'iiobiesl zeal for the salvation of souls: I 

^^*wi5iflcl' not damp the isacrefd firc^ which is 

' kihSed in your bosom by the Btessed Spirit ; 

/ X ffiist it will lie extinguished bnfy with your 

'' latest breath. Let your zeal, however, be so 

'*' regulated, that it fail not of its object: attend 

'^' to. limes, and seasons, and opportunities: a 

'*^ degree of jealousy fatal to your views, might 

* ^ be excitecf by your imprudent interference with 
' ''an inveterate superstition. But it is not 
^ '^ merely in officiousness and temerity, that zeal 
. '' may err : it appears in a still more reprehen- 

^' sible form, when it has ceased to be ingenuous. 
'^ Beware, then, of holding out delusive rcpre- 
'^ sentations to those, who may be disposed to 
^' Ksten to you: avoid every thing which may 

, '^ be construed into a subterfuge or suppres- 
'^ s1on of the truth : inculcate the doctrine of a 

. '' Crucified, as well as of a Glorified Redeemer : 
'' Exhibit the Man of Sorrows in his rticekness 
** and loivlinefes :' point out the nc^cessity' of an 

y^ offering for sin; and let yoiir endeavour be 
'ii^less^to make a niuftitud'e 6f preteridecl pro- 

. '^ selytes, than that they, >vho shAlf J)rofefo f he 

i '^^, taith of CWiSt, «iia» prrfe^i* ft in tt^utli and 

* '^ sirictrrSy. It is admitted, 1 thinft, % Aft who 
^ liave prceedetl yoii, tW youf fatojpe^ of inaking 

, . ^ genuine* converts mtrst rest, xd great toeiisure, 
"^y^'^JL^Gii (f(cf ihstrtfftibh and education of youth 
•^ ih' (his de^arfihciit much has heen done to 

• • 



'X, IcQfl^ ymr ^«lioi)r J9y aidi^vsiiifibtrf Member 

V Qiethodj whi(i^ he lw)i^§htir0m.M 
'- igiviiij it a more: aysilem^ic aiim,9g$49««^tsiri^d 
a more extensiye applicaUpn.. Xw icvifl^^oe 
fail to ayail yo^rs^If of |hb poweifrfidf iNtd ii) 
conveying the elements of Eiuropean know^ 
ledge, yo^ will insensibly prepare the way to 
'' the ^^doption €|. our religious tenets; and 
*' these ypu yvill avowedly and strenuously incul- 

'f cate. wherever it can be done without vio- 

^ • • ...... . - 

*' laiing your good faith with the parppts of the 
'' children cpmmitted to your care, . 

*' Finally, let mp remind ypu, that under the 
'J gijidapce of tlie pie^qcl Spirit, yoji inust.ulti<r 
'' matj^ly rely for your success oi) those phri^tiaii 
graceSj^ lyhich are* the prefer firuits oi ihc 
%iTit ; th^ mp9tlive in your life^ and brentfiQ 
^^ in all your actions : hu^iility^ p^^noe, kind- 
ness^ devotipn, charity and peace, are die 
virtues of Uie Christian. Apqstle : by tbesf you 
^^ will adorn au<l recumniend the^idoctrine of CifA 
'' your Sayipur, That the Almighty tnay vou<lh^ 
^^^safe to you these assistance^ find whatefct. 
^\ dse I Yitay further the -mn^ tp whkH He hsth 
visibly ^Ued yoq, that He m^iy make yon thd 
instfuipent of good to thotisamis, 4Uid tlftoagbi 
thqse whom you shall iniflDrwct;^ bring tf^ns of 
f^tbou8&n<is from tbe; p<mer of Sataa unto Hikif 
V^ . sOlf> is our most ferventpr^yerj Wed^U tak« «. 


^j^ilbtt' 1^ ifa^i^kftil to God fw nM'ymt «^(> 
V' icessts^n - w* « shall a^jotce in yoaf joy. For 
^'i&e^9M«eftfy tt^e(yt tim our <^dial j^eo^g 
^'%iMl'famMi^ll; arid may the God of L6ve 
^^' ato Peace be with you evenrmpra," 

V'.: . 

• O • • • ( 


''■'^•" • ' ■ « REPLY. 

* ^' The indplgeftce of this respectable JVfeetr 
f^ ing will, I trusty lend a pattentear (r» the'ac- 
*^ teat of a foreigner^ who deeply regrets hi^ 
'^ not being* able to speak well^ the language of 
** a nation; for which he has the highest esteem. 
'^ It is a long time dlnce a Meeting of this ¥e; 
*i ncvable Sooiety has been held^ on an ocoiinon 
^^ like tha pnesent^ and I feel a peculiar pleasure' 
'' in beholding such a aumber of venerable, and 
'^, rppected characters, now assembled fur Uie 
'f paipiTse of again seceding a Mis^ioi^ary int^ a* 
jfi^Uf, wherp labours j*q jindfed qjcc ymiim^;* 
\ a^d it i3 M> be jMtied, tliat i|.'has been hiU)^^> 
impoBBiWe to supply this want mace .pldWi-' 
fully.. The ri^aso)^ of this lies not fiQ. nuiich 
'\ in ttaie .intcvrupted interoouse with theCend* 
^? •nent^ a^iu the actual want of proper. subjeaUi 
^^ fori suob stations. The pestileaoe of FVeaeh 
f.^ piuuaipks,. i/ubcliof, eonfusian^ andv wisdom 


^' falsely so called, had also infected the German 
'[ Ipniversities ; and even with the belter part of 
'^ ttit students, it has such an influence a^ to 
^ make their spirits ill disposed to for^ke all 
'^'^ earthly puirsuits, and to sacrifice every thing 
'' for the cause of tni6 Christianity. The So- 
" ciety for promoting Christian Knowledge, and 
'' especially its excellent German agent, the 
'' celebrated I)r. Knapp, in Halle, has therc- 
" fore used the utmost caution in the selection 


^ of Missionaries, acting on the principle^ that 
^' it is better to send none at all^ than bad 
'' subjects. Owing to the above-mentioned bad 
*' principles, and the distressed situation of my 
'^ iinfortunate country, the Missionary spiri£ has 
**' mucn subsided, so that even on a proclamation 
^ of one of the mos£ learned and eminent men 
*" to the students of divinity in all German uni- 
^^ versities, to offer themselves for the E^t India 
*'*' Mission, not one appeared. 

'*' I think myself indeed highly favoured to 
*^ \fe the first, after so long a time^ who is sent 
'^ out by tins Venerable Society, whose Mis* 
^"^ sionaries, with Swartz and Gericke at their 
/' bead, have experienced peculiar blessings of 

' ^ the Lord, in seeing their labours crowned 
^* with such abundant success, that it may be 
'•^^ said of the 'Society for promoting Cfiristian 

^ ' '*^ linowliedge, their Missionaries have clone tnoro 

^ ihaii those ofalltheotherSocieticstqgcllier* And 

«* y«t tbt9, ^ciety is fiur (mm lurvetuif ,t]^e >ap- 
"^^ planse pf ineiij but cUoo^cg r&tlier to te ko^wii 
^^ hereafter by its fruits, than to be pmiseU by 
^' the present generatigiVr for great things yet to 

** be undertaken. Th^re is no doubt but it muft 

'» ' * • . 

^Vbebptb jftn honour and m bleseing to lal^oxur 
f^ unA^ the protection of su<h a Sgcieiy. 

'^ I think it ^ovr my duty to ^ive sonie ^crouiit 
^' of my life ; together with tlie motives tiiat in- 
/^duced me to deliver mysdf^ with body Hud 
f' soul^ up. to the particular woik of God . . 

** When a boy of seven years^ my father^ one 
f' of the most learned and pious ministers of the 
Church of Saxony, telling me something about 
this country^ said^ ^ Behold^ God has cer- 
tainly yet great designs with England, 9nd.It 
is a mighty instrument in His hands to establi^ll 
f' His kingdom on earth/. He then telling me 
f' ci the Missions^ I felt so deeply touched» that 
f' 1 cried out, ^ Father, I will one day go to 
f' Engiaud, fromthenee to be sent, out among 
^lihe Gentiles' And from that time all my 
thoughts were iiQed with this design. Chil^h 
as this might appear, my father. kept these 
f^ words in bis heart j a*id when I after>vard$ 
f' had been four years at the , college, and the 
^^ liout of his death approael^, he^ wrote me; 
f' that -) might tell him> before he died, wbat 
f '. my resduUoii about tny fiituce nt^tf^ of Jifb 
^^ was, I answered, that I was determined, if 








itipleased the Lord, to Mkm, wha^ I tbought 
f^^itty calling to the Mission.- I was tJbien raUcea 
years of agie. My father> answering (o thi^^ 
/ i^xhorted me to leok careftilly on /the. wajs of 
f €rod ^ith me; not l^ prf^ttoe^ t# ^i^ my 
'^ ewn &te ; but as he had no otg€£tUMi jto:my 
^ detcnhination/ he wished me the . hlessiiig of 
'' God to it Aha ! this wa« bis jhn^ letter ; the 
'5 the laat worda of which were, ' May the iiOrd 
^S finish bis work/ He soon after died^ and thus 
'^Tto<A: my promise, to be a Missionary^ wjth 
'' him^ before the Heavenly Throne. . 

When eighteen years of age, I left college 
. fbr the univemty at Leipsic, where, i studied 
'^.iwc^ years upon my ovm fortune. Here many 
temptations assaulted m,e from, ail quarteii: 
. thd allurements ;of sensual pleasure were easily 
ovareome ; hut a more fpnoidahfe enemy, tiie 
•modent divinity (if I may so teqfn it) . hi|d 
very 'Uigh i caused my foot fy> dip ia the path 
'' of :faith. ..The lecturea of the Pro&ssors re- 
^' spveaentedithe BiUe as a mere human .b<K>)k ; 
in i» .wood, infidelity was. recommended and 
[prea^hod from tbe pulpiA dwigAfd.£w (h^ 
'' Wf^U9g of f^ith. I liad a:hvd cfii^^ ; tint 
Hk pleased QoA t« establish n^y l^f^.^gai;]^ 
m4^o open my eye$ 4aaore fully up^.^h^ yrffix^ , 
r diersiof. IJis wpri, J thenMb^ntf all,.i»y,fna- 
*' |if^ri|iis^f tl^enew flwtbpd.of divi^itlr «^d * 
f vitited itjbesq^ lep^ur^T no r n^f^ ; I .f efii;^ «i)d 




* ^ • I • ■ ■ 



^^ ^^tf^ mj^i^ eiAirely to piirate ttu<fy: Ahothcff 

*^*t*feptatifcirf*heft aros^, to make me aii apostate 

^' #om* tiftf'tftitheran OhtircK ; Imt after having 

*^ cfttSWjr'cbc&mhiedi th^ docbines of the party 

Y"*thik\vairtid tomak^ me a proselyte, I thaiifted 

*T 'Ctod tfeat*T*lAa 'not left rty Church ; aAd I am 

*>T«py'hiip(py t6 widerstand that the (Mlnrch of 

^ QBnglaA^ te<»adideri' the Lutherttn Chmrch ai a 

^*'fythfti ^iter. By' the particutarr protidehce 

^- of Sod, I bcffcaihe acqaainted with the Rev. 

XHr. Kn&pp, who invited me^ in a letter, to 

come to him, and to finish my studies in Halle. 

I accordingly left Leipfic, and Th, Knapp 

^^ shewed me the kindness to tiike not into his 

^'own BoQse. This last year in Halle ev*hy 

thing seemed to conspire to deter me froia' 

my desi^ to hecome a Missionary. MaVly 

lucrative livings were offered to me in Sftxotiy, 

Austria, and Russia ; my own' friends atid re- 

■ lation^ began to urge me to accept such com- 

' fortaMe situations ; they represented my iiit^d- 

tfon'to go oh mission' to fantastical, knd thy 

^rtiiahee oti Ckud in this point- ^s a' chimera. 

hi lasf it Mid the appterande, on aecdmit iqf 

Wii prtSent war, as If rty hope dho6M tte^t 

" ht reaKzed, and my enemies tod thosef 1h4t 

»' ^ibflTed' it me began akeady'to triumph * wW^A 

*' tSlatonce, attd Unfexpecfediy;! recicSvfed'^tkte 

•' toBoTthfeble^ed^ci^ty; kmlftObrHlclvtit^ 

\' htoiaent I'^^cept^it^ 'tffl-4he'^pr^^hf;'*ti\i 







^ hatAhi& his^ wftli me iii a pedlfitf^ trtttmef; 
^ in 80 xmny retpectib that i d^arij see it 19 
^ His good pteasMre^ aiMl firmlf tiu^tm Him 
^^ that I »hMi wfdy airrre at the pbee of my 
V defitinatian in India, 
'' Before I caiidude, I b% t|ia venerable iaii^ 
rcspceted Society kindly ta accept my most 
l)e9rty thanks for the kind reception I have 
met witl^ tlie atteution shewn to me^ the can 
which has been taken to make my sojoumiiigf 
hcr0> us AvcU as my passage over the cceafi^ 
comfortable. May the Lord reward the So* 
dcty for all this^ by guiding^ me safely to my 
^ ' destination, by sending down His Spin upon- 
*^ me^ that I may be enabled soon to proclaiim 
** the glad tidings of salvation in Christ Jesu» 
*^ unto those that sit in darkness and under (he 
*'^ shadow of dcatli, and cause them to bless a Soci- 
ety that thus took pity upon the poor benighted 
Gentiles. Yea> there are already crowds of 
tlioustmds of saints^ once Gentilea, prepared 
for those happy Members of this Socidyj that 
*^ have goiic asleep in the Lord ; and may I be 
^ privileged to prepa^-e a crown' for those that 
uo\/ ^nd me off and accompany me with their 
pri}Qv%\ r promise to prove afaithfal servani 
in. the cause of the Mission, to contimie in^ 
sismt in prayiog for the grace of my laJ^td 
i' fthd Saviour Jesus Christ, to adorn his doc- 
'^ tnnc by ifiy wliole life and conYernticm/ to 


lipth towvda QcMJi and m^q^ I depart with the 
li^^f> TM.tbQ hmi m^ vpuphsafe tQ look 
dojvro with His pl«^wtire upoa ttua Venerable 
Society^ and to cause the same to remain for 
svw blemng and far ever blessed/" 

Agreement having been, made with Captain 
Vounghusband^ of the East India ship Union^ for 
^Ir. Jacobi's passage with him^ and all other neces^ 
«ary arrangements adjusted^ Mr. Jacobi set out for 
PortsmouUi. and soon embarked on board the 
vessel; .froiu whence^ on the I3th.of April^ he 
^^mbraced the opportunity of writing once more 
Uf ojOfer his most hearty thanks, for the attention 
(ii)dkindness, which the Society had ^hewn to him, 
and to. express his trust that the Society would 
.))ot he disappoiQted ip him. 

Several letters have been received from the 

, Society's. Missionaries^ since the publication of 

t]i$ Account for th^ year 1 811; the chief parti* 

. C^ajTs ((contained in which, jEgre iucludl^ in the 

ffrflowi^g ftbstract. . 

The IWv. Mr. Peloid, in 9. l^tt^ dated at 

.,yej»eifyji Anarch ]l, 1312,,det^ls pf^iculars of a 

l^i^it to Pidlicat. wherQ h^ had 9^^. and e^oEunined 

.4J1P chiUdr^ of ^ F<>jrti»gju?jie vhopj, in reading, 

ji^ritii^fun4:religion, ikfl r«»ult Qf whiQ^ hftdbeea 

veiT ittisftctofy to Mm, exce]^fi|^'thttl Am? • pSfcr ' 
•tliidk)lnm6ter Iiadv«y little' i^c5m|yetttie%fftiir ' 
twmble; ' In tfite DWtch lV)Wri' Chajld, ^'HHi 
preaehed; bdfti 'in 'tt* Portiiglifetei':irtd 'itt tlte^^ 
IVifalftbar tanguage; and had ladhiinistterdi Wt^ 
hefty Sai^rament to 60 communitaJits.: hfeliM aU^^' 
chnstened 21 ' chfldren of MblBtbar %ind Portiit^' 
^ese extraction^ and three adult feitiatedj ntffe^^ 
cnitable instruction. Visiting several ikmilies in 
tlieir houses, he had found some ntterirtg* ex^ris-' 
sions of sorrow and discontent ; and others, of i' 


jnore religious frame, shewing a spirit of fcflhy* 
patience, and submission, to the gracious Will of- 
God. • '» 

.On another occasion, he had visited Pafficftt, 
trf perform the office of matrimony, where alto* 
he baptised three aduH Heathens, who had pw-* 
vfously received religious instruction, and Ai^ 
two children. ^ '• 

.'AtSadras, wlifere ho Missionary had ' been fet 
fievQral years, he had performed di?irie serf iee,- 
four successive days, and kdmiiiislered the lioMV' 
Supper to 90 communicants ; wh^ Afeolitt^lAjf^^ 
tized fiV€ adult Hekthens, arid fWo diiWWnl'* 
Tte poor ^^rtttgneBe n«tder a[« SaSia^, h^ i^yijihfr* 
ia a very destitute state, . gbVeittmenC nM havfh^^ 
niade the aHowarice to him, wHi^ h^t "Ki^if^ 
graptcd to hit predecessbri^ " ' '• **' ^''' 

The booki, which he had neelvisid ftontfitlnr' 
Society, he had distributvdto many poor famiiies» 


faf^t aflffot S^p^U^^ the ichool at PuHica^ ■wj^^^ 
feoflip ^^^l^».,^^«^mettts, andotbor books, r^n^/ 

iftq,« „^v9i;Bii )?4}rjtm^e«« baokR bad al$o been . 
f«pmird«d: AQ'Sadras: 

.iMali^Mrboekf of-Vdriods soits^ h4 liad eUs^ 
keiit jb^/Tianiquctor ; at the request df the Danish 
]V]^ion«i^ie9j ftud iil return he bad rc(ieired ' 
frgndi^httn othc^r books, both Tamiil and fingli^h; 
tmd:he bad alao distributed ooany Tamul New 
Testaments, among their ovVn poor Chi'istians. 

v^.qooBpassionate English gentlemaQjRnowingf 
tb^\f ca^rciiy of rice on the coastj liad reqitested 
him to distribute cL tionftldefable quantity of iti 
mnjajg" ibe poot in the Yeperjr district, ^hkb ; 
had accordingly been done. 
.^iH^r iett€ir from the tU<r. Mr. I^fiS^oM^ 
di^fMp Y^pery, Juae 20i ISI2j acknowledged 
^f^N^PP^^^^ ShMf^ry''^ lottiira, contAkiia^ 
^^^^'iwiiM^ fpr A34i) 8$. being Ae amount- 
•fn^flllirimi gx|it|U|ie8, collections, Stc. Mhtowti; 
bfr^Sffciaiy:totfawiFMiasioiianes, 1^ 
i^^^^j r^if^fof: alli^jv^b^ paaticobrly fmr hia ewn^ . 
M4M^En^ b« retttm^ hii fliost itoiriial . 

(taanksi The money hwL faettneceiiled^ Ii6^gcr««^ 
ViOmtfiK; Md-iMd»'hei^ibrdidkriihited;^a^ 

• A ' 

ijpi (he direcfions, und he reU»n^< wth «eemptr 
for the samej a&died (lien cmve io ImoiiL 
. In. reply U^ enqairies, respwtiog the htrg^ 
Mission Howe, occupied by tli^.Rev, Mr. IU4I» 
ier^ lie re{iorted tliat 12 pagodas per month we^ 
jtlieu to be paid for the ^ai^e^ \^f hinx, <^ (^ VEV4t 
tees ; but whether paid^ or 1k>w tppli^ W blear 
not^ as no i*eporl8 had been, «ipM 
the matter. 

To anotlier enquiry^ i>espe€tiiig his baling wM 
the Vepery Mission printing-press^ lie atotel^ 
that tlie accusation was altogether voidcrf tratiii 
(hat the author of the false report was wett kiiom 
to iuin> and tiiat he, liavmg begged pantoD, with 
deep sorrow and contrition for his offence^ oiore 
aeed not be said upon the matter : and as lep^ 
Co another enquiry respecting tlie prtiUing«piiQii|» 
tie had to «ay, tliat fcom the begimuHg of tbeyaw^ 
1805, to the end of the year 1809, he had pnatoA. 
€00 copies of t)ie MaJabar Niew Testasienty mki 
^B many at the Malabar liyma Ix^aka, vmi asiOf< 
tlier work; sereral 100 copiea of tbe Odfttt-and 
lajpger Malabar ^techitms, besidas 800 copies oS 
iie i«te Ms. Fabof ias^s Mrnhbor and SSi^Qbd^ 
diGtiou%ry ; aiyi tbataiRce iimn it bad. oat Iiee0» 
pefisible to. cariy OA thu motk of prmtia^^ fot 
want of means to pay tiie workmen. TheM» 
beiitg however sttU % pMtty lar^ Mpply of Ma- 
hibaj: books Idt^ the^ Tami^; sc]kw\ W QPo^pegH 



* *:: 


liQfly «| W^rfsrcmU havd lid t**rtl of rtliglotfs 
books^ fdr five <)r «tx yeai^A to C0ine< 

Mudli t)f theipfHntin^ pa{>er^ sent to him by the 

itty^ liad been U9&d by btie bookbiftdeiffl> and 

♦ft file SJttglish school, writing pap«f bfeing verj^ 

A68I? at Madras. He h^d aldo supplied the 9(ihooll 

K P«ilHcat and Trippatore, with som^ of It, that 

WM MfitKftd to their wants. Sttil neafiy 40 reami 

of it (damaged and undamaged) remained in th6 

Oddotms, aRhotr^h the \f bole supply stot out in 

tb<^9«af 1809, had bein partly damaged, and 

p<#tty destroyed, l^y tlie white onts> in tfae C^«a« 

^ify*d warehoa^e at Calcutta. 

Th^ Ikit. Mr. Hol^b^rg, in a le*tti^i' dated at 

GuMatott^, ttie ^th of February, 1812, return§ 

ttiMiki A>r the continued bene^cenee of the So< 

efreCjr td him, and to' ttuM; Mission, the state dt 

jWM^Wia much th^ sanie as had before beeik 

if^pmbSA. &ome of the fiimilHA Were ImA^ aft 

Wei^n^ Christians, and dilrti^^ishing^tfaemseltel 

hf fi^j and good regulation^ in their hdUses^ 

^tfikt otiiers had been overcome by their weak^ 

Mss, bikt, he trUs/ted, had seen^ aiid repented t>^ 

titeirsins. The European pensioners attended 

divine service, wfth great asfsidaity^ and sevend 

df thrift Wefe both gMd men, and good Chrii^ 

duns. • .'. 

I^e Malabar school Cbn»i«ted of "Si chiliirenv 
txM oA^' 4>f #ie boy#pl^^3¥Aised to betoiHe nmM 
lo th6 Mission: hi^ name was SchaventiuttoOj 

he If ad made hjm ^fi allowapqe iQf 16 £au[iattrs jter 
i][^0Hth, . He njenti^BS, in .ley m^ of f^p^cf tnd 
esteeip^ . a caiechist nan>e4 Sattianaden^ for 

vhom be had reason to be thaiiktul to the Trjui- 

'< ' ^ ' . 'Iff' 

^uebar brethreu^ who was a man of |^t 
patience^ doing his duty with pleasure^ and exer- 
eisiim* ttie functions both of catecbisi and school* 


Sevei^al Engh'gh and Tamnlicffl families, (he 
mentions it with regret,) bad left that place fcaf 
Madras, where they expected to find better m^aof 
of livelihood. The external eirciftmstances of 
his Mission being very narrow, he had endea- 
voured to uphold it, with what UttU of his own i^ 
could • spare ; b%t himself being in narrow cir^ 
cumstauces, and having no office froni gojf^U'^ 
jnent, nor any assistance from Gkrmany^ lie wa^ 
under great alarms as to what would become of 
Jit^ Mission. The settlement jbad, ;&e several 
years pas^j, much fallen off, and the targe howe l^r 
loi^ging to the Mission having only occajai^inalijF 
ibeen rented^ a chief source of support to tli^ 
Mjsfionr liafl foiled^ A4 the houses^ indeed yre^ 
.j)}(}, ank^^ wanfing eppsidjerable repaiff . . , . _,^ 

To captain Green of tlie navj, w|^q jt^^ ii|e 

,j}ied for booJjs, ]be hf^d given an. amp}e. ^PPP^j^ 

J(;i:pw,tlie.^iety> store?, fin^M h^^ d^tPAbi|t^ 

t^iefna^xiiOi^V English aia4 J^nipb ^Qjliev^w^ 

v^rQveijr thankful for suc^.ajf^n^fit^^ 


• 693 

biid&B 'fic^'likd sent to Mr. John, of Tmiiquebar, 

ipf'i%&i*h for his Malabar and Portuguese books.' 

^■''A letter from the Rev. Mr. Pohle; dated at 

i^ricbinapoly, the 20th of March, 181^, detail* 

titai' the inc'rease of the TamuF and Portuguese 

con^t«g;ations, in the preceding year, haa 

amounted to 23 souls, three Heathens baptized, 

find two Papists received^ being included. — 

Their interments had been 25, riz. ISgrowa 

fiersons, and 10 children — their marriages 7, 

iheii communicants Tamul arid Portuguese, 2i5 ji, 

of whom 6 were new communicants — their 

English scliool children were, at the utmost, 40, 

tfnd in the Tamul school, there were about 

SO— the members of the Tamul congregations 

were about 320, and of the Portuguese 137. 

Of Dimlegal and Madura, he had nothing to 
Import, the epidemic fever having again bcgatl 

* ■ • 

"to rage in the Madura district. Thus the visita- 
tions of God were afafming, whilst infidelity 
"and superstition prevailed, and like the pestilen- 
^al fever infected and carried many before them 
%to spiritual death. The bad examples of 
*<5bri8tians, he describes as doing unspeakable 

mischief —O tliat they would see that they bintl 

tf rod for thiemselves ! 

'-His fellow labourers, in the Mission, were 
*tw<> catechists of the higher cast, arid two of the 
* lower: and one of the latter was also llielr 
''i^4^iul fichDohuaster. ' They had likewise two 


m^^ters in the Bnglkh scbool; botb 6f t]mi». 
natives of In^ift* All these pemot» ducfaar^ed. 
tl^ir iluty to tbe utniQst of their pciw6f > mnd vece 
atpomfort to bin> ir his declining yearp. 

During the preceding year ho fia^ bitft a. 
nfiw English school Ijiouse^ thf ol4 on^ b^Tinf 
been destroyed by the rains. 

The support of the Mission was attended wHh 
great difficulties, especially as their custQuifury re*< 
ceip^s from Germany had failed, in consequenea 
of the war, wd other calamitous circumstances. 
I look up to the liord^ h^ pioxisly obser\'e5, for 
help ! may I experience \t^ if it be his gracioqs 
will:, and may I praise him witb joyful lips \ 

A letter from the Rev. the Danish Missiona- 
ries, dated at Trauquebar, the 23nd of October^ 
^811, mentions that they had, that montiu 
received the customary stores and presents from 
the Society^ which had arrived in exceUeiii coa^i 
ditipn^ the printing paper csr^fci^lly, whi^h wa^ 
m\ich wanted. — Five thousand copies of iliA 
Tamulian New Testament, from a patter^ fij^r-, 
fished by the Danish Missiouai:ies, were thi^ 
^boiit to be printed at the press recenljly. est^b;? 
^shod in Cal(;utta. To the Society Mis^sioufif^ 
fieSj, they had ever been accustomed to 9end< n 
supply of as many Tamul and Poituguese school 
books, as they coyld spc^re ; but, tlicir means ba4 
peyer been sufficient to furnish a competenik 
fitupply A>r all the country priesta, catechisti^ 
pchpolmasters, country chapels^ ^nd head-christi-; 

\^ 'and llbtf tUerefbre bkas God, tlmt vftriM<i 

tmtifftm^ in their different langMgest, are now 

MiDeiy to be^bMsed with- ilfkt holy Scriptures, tci 

remore theh* pi'ejudice^ t^gfthiM th^ sacred and 

cMRlli6ilrttible FeN^ion of Christ- Much, however, 

hi^dfo^^es, had been dairebythe Society for 

promoting Christian Knowledge, tliroD<;h a 

eftii*Hrjr past, in sending printing paper, and 

etlie^ iirtictes fbr priffting and binding* books, i 

Tsunitf and Portili^^ese ; and tdsto m sending 

Sngltsh Bibles, Testaments, vtn<} school, and 

other tdygious bodes, to the English and Danish 

Missions ; by which, many thousands of personi 

have been benefited. 

Mr. JbhiT, findingthat very many, wlto desired 
books, cottkl not read them, nor even their own 
writiiigs, ()h Palrtiyra leaves, and tlmt more than 
tWp thirds of the native Christians grew up, 
inithout the least knowledge of, or instruction in, 
itading atid writing, resolved to estubli^h, and 
had actually established, I'eading and writing 
schools, in English and Tamul, within and 
frtlhbut the Tranqncbar districts, and in those 
pfaces of the Tanjore country, which belong to 
ttfe- Tranquebar Mission. The number of these 
Schools had gradually encreased to 20, in which 
4©0 ehifdren were learning Tamul, and niore^ 
ffcWn 150 we're learning both Tamul and English 
reading. To these, the book» fiiruished by the 
Sbcjet^, were very beneficial ; and their dear 


<l^j:f^i^. tb^sei aebods. wHb* what lmBk$ ikdf 

AlftdraA f^nd the lim. Catond-lVfotesirofli^' at 

;.fJaSim^ of wVose ^;o<mI digporita^ . htowqaKiMe 

.)Qentioa is made^ Jwd ^alfo amqted. th«vi TrfUli 

books, ^cbool^ at JafliMt b&d been usmateA by 

^pvcrnment ; find ' at Cc^iiraboj both cbuithei 

and schools had b^en r^-^tabliahed. In tlie 

, districts of TranquebaT;, much l^ention was 

pfdd to.dx^ extracts from the holy ScciptQr^s^ 

. in Tamul and En^lisb^ whiph , ha4 been dii^per* 

fmd. Their letter adverts to . certain uoha^y 

circumstances^ that had occurred at VeUwie^ 

ivvhich^ report h^d been attributed to a $ear« 

on the part of the people^ of their b^ing aboit 
Jx> be farce4 t(i become Christiaas; ^rhich the 
. Danish Missionaries contradict^ .at^ribiitting the 

tumult to other ^ell known oai^es. 

They express gre^t satisfactionj^ \ji. haviug 

heard that a new Missionary vfa^ likely to..)^ 

tf nt out by thp So^iety^ . : j 

They mention too that tlie ^g^iffifi ^ ^^u^-t 
. iitiQnt had furnished ^opie as/sif^t^Mits^ Mb l^^o 

schools recently . instituted by ^^> '4<>l|ti^ ^4 
Keneronsly ai4ed froin hi%,pfyn,ifunfl9t, ^h^»^ 
. e^tabUshipents Mr. Jdbn ^^nsider^ toib^.ofitbe 

.:^st « r importance j s^nd th^:^fQf e ;, kqihuiui^cIiUs 
,:thpm,j^o gen^aj aUentioi>.^njIpa*ron^g6l.'iiw4 

Minto^ during; his stay at Madi-aSj^jwilg^Mf^rnQfr" 

7gra|ite44 htoi indetfiikiify) • 111 aonii? nveiMlnre^ • ttte 
iJp^Wp.fCMf/thd.Mliikm jerran^^ chiftiig theimr, 
AiiJK|Mrt.iipt«»d to {}|igliiiid^ of Mr, Pcezokl's 
suffer :0f the printing press belonging to the 
/Misaioii foriaki^ they liad found to be untrue, 
7.J Another letter from (he Danish Mis^ionarieB^ 
dated at Trtnquebar, the 18th pf July, 1819^ 
introduces cbservations, relative to an enquiry 
that bad been instituted, relative to the Syrian 
I:hiircbe0v on which they observe — Ist. That 
lijthoiigh they very much adniir^ the Rev. Dr, 
. Sochanan's zeah ftnd important discoveries, 
/ooiiceming the internal state of the Syrii^n Gbrn- 
' lians, the Misision on the coast cannot be prb« 
vided by them v^itb able Missionaries, from 
.(heir seminaries, according to the reports and 
informatiofi they have received of them. 3nd, 
-That a previous journey of a Missionary to their 
bishop and establishment, in order even to get a 
personal acquaintance vr ith them ; vri^ich ^roiAd 
\ye attended with expences, that the circumstances 
'0f the Mission could not bear; and 3rd. That 
the iguorance of their ecclesiastics of an- 
tient and im^dern languages and sciehces^ 
$Xid even of the Tamul language, which the 
Mmionapte^ must in some degree possess^, 
' would be a great hindrance to usefulness in th^ip 



: Mp. John i^oiitimi«d^ tiotindlsMiidRig M 
Wttni of flight; to preacb in Ptotagwsd. and^ 
TaiDoi. Mr. Cknerar e»jo;fed nwHite iwiptrt^ 
bealth; and had then recently Journe5'e4 id 
Negapafeanv^ where he had married aii - Englsh 
gentleinan : on his retnm^ he had ha^tieed Ift 
Heatbensj and received five Roman- Catholics., 

They were very anxious for the receipt of flie 
stores, from the Society^ for the current year, 
asid particularly the |»'inting^ paper. 

With the joint letffer^ Mr. John transmitted 
his M.S. on Indian Civili^MtioH'^, by means 
ef schools, of wlikh lie had made trial, to the? 
sati^fection of many hundred parents artd dnl-* 
dren. Wishing that tlie style and manner mi^ 
be corrected, be was^ anxious ti^t it should he 
published after it should be rendered agi^eeafele 
to th« public by a moi^ skilful hand ftmr 
lus% Heobserres that he should be liiKy satisfted, 
whatever mi^ht be left out^ and (dtered> in order 
especially to obtain the approbatioo and support 
of the Board o£ Directors, of th^ Hon. Eaal. 
India Company. 

lie entreats tlie patrofiag^e of the Society to? 
thtfse institutions. ; amongst ^ybichi he had inth)- 
duccd many copies of select pai>ts of^ the Bdfy 
Scriptwe^ Psalter^ with* the daily Common 
Prayer,. tlu2. Provptbs of Sf)lomon, Eedestasticus;. 

* Tbis work baa been published, andimay 'be htfi ff 
Messrs. RivingtoaSf and all ptlier booksellerat 


)fo:r)Mul.#««iMd from Caleotta. Stiii hrwM io'' 
UMit M(tf tt faurger sufi]^ i^vtelioiiarj m& ftchool 

' mr. John HCTCf visited these schools^ wiehotit 
fitesh evidence of their usefulness; and of the 
importance of the already experienced bounty 
of the Hon. Society. Most of the children in 
the schools are of Heathen parents. AH of- 
them obtained better ideas of the beneficial 
principles of the Christian religion. They re- 
hearsed by heart the Ist, 19th, S7th, 95th; 
109rd, I0*th; and 139th P^lms, Rom. xii!.* 
1 Pet. ii. and 1 Tim. ii. The Heathen parents/ 
and even many Brahmins, not only approved, but' 
were even agreeably surprized at these lessons. ' 
Jtf' their children can get impressed, from their* 
early youth, with the idea, that kings and 
governments, to whom they are obliged to pay' 
tribute, they are to obey for conscience sake, 
ttiis doctrine will gradually become very inte- 
resting to the rulers of the country, and be 
deemed worthy of protection and recommenda-' 

Mr. John, therefore, anxiously wished for 
distance to support such estabKshment. 
• The St)ci'€fty's Mission Cbmrnittee, having 
inspected the reports of the Society, which, from 
time to time, have been published respecting 
the rise, progress^ ^nd state- of the Missions, iij 



Ittdia^ connected with the Society for promoting 
Christian Knowledge^ were of opinion that an 
interesting and important selection from the 
same, might be made^ and published^ demon- 
strating the good ^9eets resulting from these 
Missions. This office was undertaken by a 
Member of the Committee^ and the result of this 
labour is thus given to the Public. 

The suggestions produced by the Rev. Mr. 
John, of Tranquebar, relative to the establish- 
ment of schools, appearing to the Society to 
1^ reasonable and judicious, and the plan to 
be worthy of countenance and support, the Boa»i 
directed the sum of 501 to be «ent out, in aid 
of the good design, which accordingly has been 
done. The stores and presents of books, 
stationary, jprlntiiig paper, and other articles of 
accommodation, have beea sent out, with an 
en^reased quantity of those, things^ whi/sb (itemed 
most to. be .wanted, together ^withthe customary 
remittances, and an additional gratuity . of. Sd* 
tp Mr. Peezold, and of *51. to Mr. Hrfzberg, in 
consideration of their peculiar wants. For the 
readiness with which permission wiis" granted, by 
the Court of Directors of the Hon. East India 
Com]; Bx\y, towiard t^e ax^complishment. of these 
purppses, the.Sctiety. thuS}|luWidy:^et^JrI^i^Je 
lie^ty thftuks, , . , : i . • -a., n :. 

-, i~> J, i' .3,'. >,».. V.a«}<«i...^*l 

» I 










1 •• 

' i.< 



■ 1 






• 1 

v» - 


• f 

« • I • 



< I. * I ' 



A AHON^ Mr. kis death and character 66 

4U>8tract of a Prospectus for an Ecclesiastical EaX^ 

blulhnent in lodia • • . , 6)9 

Account of the Pope sending twelve fathers to 
. Trauquebar> for the purpose of rooting out and 

expunging the Protestant faith •••• ..« 30 

j-t : — r* a. woman l^urying herself with her de- 

ceased husband •<•» ••«« 4Sf 

»«>«■ I . t . ■ a Komish pri68i> publicly renotwcing 

popery ••••^^••••^ *•• ««,..^ 141 

■» ■ — Ike Jesiuta ia Chii»> fasisting at the ' • 
. aacrifiias the Emperor*! idola ••,««• 969 
I N ■ s ■ * ■ a boy murder^ and dissected for s»* 
crifios^ at eleven years of age ••••••.••••••y*** 46^ 

Address to the Heathens^ upon their idolatry and 
superstition^ written by Mr. FaBricius^ together 
vith an earnest exhortation for th^ni to embrace * ' ' ' 

die Christian religion «•••• .V.:.i'''^ft^ 

Adultery^ the puBishment of this sin in ludia^ simi- 
lar to that prescribed by the Jewish law •».••• 16 



AtiVantagte the <?0v6r»meiit biiiFe itt^MS^r^t pe^ 
riodrderived from the assistluice of tke Mb«ioaA-> 
ries in temporaf ftffiiirs «.,, i402 

AXennider, a catechist, his deatU and cimractcr • • • • ^17 

Apostle8| reasons mky thej wtrt fttptmaturaUj 
assisted iu converting the people •••••• « • . . • IQ 

Arunasalam^ a Paudaram^ most surprising atidaffi>ct« 
iQg particulars relative toliis conversion to Chris^ • 

tianity • ••• « 88^ 

' , hi« own narrative, together with fab 
confeseioQ •••••••«••••••• ••«••••••• 90 


Bengalees, their sacred veneration for cows and 
bulky and a description of an accident wliich be- 
fel a bull • t • • • • $'09 

Bigotry and mad zeal, (he natives entertaifi for tfaeir 
particular casts ••• 9 

Bishops, the beneficial effects that would Vesult from 
the establishment of in India, stated .••••••••• 619 

Boscawen, Admiral, kindness and protection he 
evinced in India tovvanh the Society's Missions 7i 

BourdSion, Rev. Thomas, cliai^ to th6 Ke^. Mr. 
Dienier, previous to his departure ti» India- as m 
!Kri9sionary •.•.•«•.••«•••«••••«••••;•,••«•• TS9 

> — the same translated into English. . • , . • iftJ 

' — charge to the Rev. Mr* Scho^opf, pre«- 

^ious to his embarkation to India •'•%«*« 193 

the same translated int<r JEngli^k • • • . • ^* V9 1 
his panegyric upon the churicter'of the 


t* rf 

Rev. Missionary Svi'arts ••4«««««*»4t«««««.«« tfff 

X . * Paqk 

£niinioi>. hmitre/A • fconn embcacii^ (lie Climti^ii 
JReligionj on account of the bigqtiy' pf iheir ^up<)* 

' fiors wd i«ka4v<» • • * » • • *•••••• S^ 

■M>.^; thfiir aekno wMgrnent tliirt idolatry it flia- 

• Itil^ aftd tliat nothing but the fear of pauisfaaa^Dt 
from lti«ir miptr^ora would present ihem fr-om 
emhraonig the Cbri»iiaD faith % »• 214 

I . ■■■ ^ their talents and abilities* stated 366 

>ti.^ tbair taitdki avowal of Mr. Swartz a ami- 
cable, chacacter •••••• • »«»• 414 

^, the wickyws of deceased, are generaity 

burnt «4ive widi their hoiibands, an afi<H;:tifig in- 

•tanpeof it««i..« 430 

■ — ^ aa soon as they resoli^e to ad(>|>t Cliristia* 
miyj, iinniediattlj 4'aw upon themaelves the iadig- 
naliAHi of all. Uiitfbotiy and fqrfeic their propeity 581 

•-«• , thc;ir ignorunce of the real doctrines of 

ihcir r^jgim* • . • • • • 671 

BritLnh Cf>ovaruiuuit, ujaoq tlj« petition of the So- 
ciety's Miasioparies, allowed thcai ^:^00 pagodiis 
a month.. .• .• .•* • ^^^ 


C^cutta MissioA ...^ ^•.•.•.^..•. •• K3 

Campbell, Lady^ wife of th^ Covarwr of Fort Su 
Ceorg^, opisoad » ^chftfJ &r . thr instriictioB! of 
^^nak children, tha sww-raised for this pnrp os y 
teiy considerable ..* ..-••.• • • • • »..•.. fio3 

. —, Sir Anchibald^ .his character pourirayad 

^yMr. SwarU ^*..r..**. 2^ 

^e to the intCMMM #f t^ Cbti«ti4n AieligiM ^4 'i%30 

^ IB May^ 1793^ ^' that those \ihooi.tb(i.'Mim€tt»-v-»^i 
ties cqnv^tfid iK€fQ |ierao»aff^verbi||IilMr ibwt .! ^ 
profligacy/* . rtfu|^d by Mr. -S wa«t»» ^as^^^*.**^ ^SB^ 
Carter, Uev. Pr. hU geuerotis lagacy lo tbe^Jo^^i^ >.n 

for furtbeiiqg their 4ejiign« ia the.^wnt lodirsi *««< *99 
CasU^ the JImdoos firamess in adheciogtQitb^ir par^ • - 
ticular casts^ a great obs^cie to tii«Ar<€Qmn«Mi: i* • 
to Christianity . •*•••*#••••*• ««4«««».<*^«««.- 9 
C^or Betito^ account of his abjuration frooxpcparf » 
and bi9 a|i|>oiiilaieQt asaosiststtit ta Mf« KJeitoai^ 

. der ..««<r.w«««..*««.4#,«<^i«i4i« 100 

Cast^ the loas of whipb a Christiatiiied Hindoo sub- 

tains a most alarming punisbment* ««;tf.*#4««44>. §Bt 
Catechisad of the Church of England tranaktad iMf - * 
tlie Malabar language ••<•••• ••«4.,*.«««i« -^ 

Celebration of an impiouB feast at Ciiddaiore « • < • 174 
C|iambers, W. Esq. his death and charactafy the' ■* 

great loss the MiaaTiofa baa sttataiaed thareby* 4 • • Mi 
Charge delivered to the Rev. Mr. Gmd^k, bjy 
Archdeacon Yardley ••«« •4«»«^.4....«««4«44 109 

-r~- ■ '^' r ' ,.Rcv. Mr. Dieimr# by lh0 

^ Rev. Mr. Bourdillan.«.ktf4A,«».«.4*»«*b«*4« A69 

Rev. >|n Schcfelkop^ bgr 

ditta .4 •r.«^*»4r44«««4»4.4.4f#««#« Ittf 

^ Her. T. A. Giafka^. bj 

die Rea. Dr. Finch •«4.^*t»*444.«4^#4.4.« ^U 

* .; ' • "■ '" ■ ' . ■ ' ' B«f4^ Mr. Jeenicket fcy » 

, the Rey. Dr. Vincent « .^t 44 dSOT 

"! ■'■ ■ Ret. Mr. FmaM, by A* - • - 

^^.Di.Gkm ...«.,». ,<4 46t 

V - 

105 ' 

r jNkd HoillMit* ^ ttM'ttev: Mr. Owen «' 417 

-r ■ " t' ■ "" — ^ ' he^. C. A. Jacob!, by the 

Reviiar; Mkidl^oii fl57 

Charity- iK^oete not totiAiitd to <Sreiit Brium alotie ' 1 
l(ii' ^* '■» the drtction of, tlic most efiectual 
% meaiy for pfop*gatiiig the Gospel in the Ea^Jt . • 2i 
Qtinrtef of the IimkH India Compauj, renewal of, the 

Society's endeavours in consequence thereof to 

effect an iioeleioaatical EstaUishment ••.;.»•• 69f> 
-fi-- ■ ■ ■■ ■ WiUiam III. respecting the support and 

mauiteoiiDoe of Missionaries in Iqdia • • 6^ 

Christian Religion, the i*easoiiableness of it, a great 
i-'.^int ia favour of the conversion of the natives . • 9 

'■ -, the Bramins prevented from em- ' 
^ tracing, ttirough the bigotry of their superiors • • 86 
Chnrchea, number of, at Tra^qiiebar, erected at the 

^ Society's expence ••..•••... 300 

CoUegas, erection of in Europe, for the purpose of ' 

training Missionaries, ktrongly recommended • • M 
Comparison between tba It()man Catholic and Hui« 

doo Rebgions ••••«••♦ • • . • IS 

iGongr^ve, Mr. Archdeacon^ his donation, to\f ards 

prii)tittg a tract in the Malabar tallage ...••• 117 
.Cof^vef^i^i of a leariied Roman Cafftolic .•••/••• 107 

rv.^, tt aurpriiiug instonoe pf, in ft youtig man IftO 

jhi^ — ^^-^j a great Dumber^ effected, in the space of 

one jenr at Tianqiiebar • < •/••*. • ; « ; Sfl 

y. »' . ' . . .of whole. viihigas^ and abolishhtg their ' 
; profane idokj'Hud eAaiigtag ttierr t emp l« 1 nt 6^ ' * 
t ChriaUui xJuvcbei^*'.'. * • ^ % ••;< i • i /•»'••• • V; Si4 
i^ jy 'Of a<Aaraaniti, tami bis mtci e!^tifl^ Aar • 

, . • PACE 

Corn\yalli3> Ms^rquis'of^ his letter to th^ Ifqtd Bitbop. 
' of l^icbfield iiud.C^yciitry, oti.Mr*.Svi'aft^9 cha-* 
racier .....,• 4» .*-»*.^ ^^ .»..,,.• •»•.• 30S 

Corre^j^oodeuce \xk\i u Mi. SteyeiiSQii and ihe So^ 

. cietj's Secretary^ pointing out the nyo^i effbctua} 
means of propagating our holy Religion in the 

- lilast ..••• 4 

Ci nelties exercised upon new converts to Christia- 
nity by their superiors 515 

Cuddalore Missioii> property belonging to it^ as 
stated by Mr. Gerick6 • 287 

-1 ', a great droi^t at, and an account af 

the ceremonies of the Heatheos, for the purpose 

of invoking their idol for a supply of rain •••••* 16^ 


l^anish Missionaries