V JONES x
An Abstract of the Catalogue of the
JOSEPH JONES, M. D., LL. D.
ED AT HIS RESIDENCE, 1138 WA,^
NKW ORLEANS, },<
PRESS OF SEARCY & PFAFF,
U RN HBSTRRCT
JOSEPH JONES, M. D., LL. D
PRESERVED AT HIS RESIDENCE, 1138 WASHINGTON AVENUE,
NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA.
PRESS OF SEARCY & PFAFF,
THE antiquities described in this archaeological
catalogue relate chiefly to North, Central and
South America, as well as to works of ancient art
derived from Europe, Africa and Asia.
Many of the implements of war, and the em-
blems of religious worship illustrating the arts of
the ancient pre-historic races of North America were
taken from the aboriginal graves and mounds Nvith
my own hands.
All of the objects described in this collection
and recorded in this catalogue were either obtained
by me during my explorations and travels, or were
directly purchased from their original discoverers
In most instances I have given to the objects
those names which best describe their origin, use or
In the catalogue the first number indicates the
number of the object in the collection, then follows
the name and description, the locality where found,
and finally the dimensions.
ANCIENT POTTERY OF THE STONE GRAVES AND BURIAL
MOUNDS, SITES OF ABORIGINAL FORTIFICATIONS,
SITES OF SETTLEMENTS, SACRIFICIAL
AND RELIGIOUS MOUNDS OF THE
GREAT INTERIOR VALLEY OF
Fig. i. Ornamented Burial Vase from Stone Grave, on Big
Harpeth River, 2% miles from Franklin, Tenn. Height 8
inches, greatest circumference 27 inches, length of neck 2 inches,
diameter at base 3.5 inches.
This sketch was made when the colors of the paint were
fresh and distinct. The vase is composed of red clay and
crushed shells, ornamented with black bands.
Fig. 2. Painted vase from Sacred
Mound, opposite Nashville, Tennessee.
Height 8 inches. One of group figure
35. P a e 74. Explorations "Aboriginal
Remains in Tennessee."
Fig. 3. Painted vase from Stone
Grave on Big Harpeth River.
Height 9 inches. Largest circum-
ference 18.25 inches, made of yellow
clay and crushed shells. Page 59,
figure 26, Explorations Aboriginal
Remains in Tennessee.
Figure 4. Base of same object as Fig. 3.
Fig. 5. Earthenware vessel
in shape of frog, from Old Town,
Harpeth River, Tennessee.
Height 3.5 inches, circumfer-
ence 20 inches. See Ex. Ab.
R. in Tennessee, page 83.
Fig. 6. Earthenware vessel from
Stone Grave, Old Town, Harpeth
River, Tennessee. Height 3 inches,
circumference 17 inches. Diameter
of mouth 4 inches. See Ex. A. R.
in Tennessee, page 83.
Fig. 7. Small vasefound
near Nashville, Tennessee.
Height 2.5 inches, circum-
ference 10.25 inches. Dia-
meter of mouth 1.6 inches.
Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee,
Fig. 8. Dark vase with raccoon
head, found 9 miles from Nash-
ville, in a large stone grave.
Height 7.7 inches, 20.2 inches in
circumference. See page 54, Ex.
Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 9. Black terra cotta vase
from stone grave on Big Harpeth
river, composed of black clay and
crushed shells, ornamented with
head resembling that of hedge hog.
Very exact late measurements
give the height of this vase as 5.5
inches, circumference 24 inches.
See page 84, Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig. 10. Terra cotta drinking vessel from stone grave near
Brentwood, Tennessee. About one-half natural size.
Page 41. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. n. Vase from burial mound, Coa-
homa county, Mississippi. Height 6 inches;
^ greatest circumference 15 inches.
Fig. 12. Terra cotta vase
or cup from Mound Bottom,
opposite St. Louis, Missouri,
representing a corpulent or
swollen man. Height 3.5
inches; greatest circumference
10.5 inches. Diameter of
mouth 2% inches.
Fig. 13. Group of vases from stone graves at Old Town in
the vicinity of Franklin, Tennessee.
Page 84. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 14. Group of vases composed of crushed shells and
clay from stone graves within the ancient works on Harpeth
river, two and one-half miles above Franklin, Tennessee.
About one-fourth natural size.
See page 74. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 15. Reddish
yellow cup or pot
made of fine clay
from stone grave,
valley of Cumber-
land river, Tennes-
see. Height 3.5
ence 12.5 inches;
width of month 3
See page 64. Ex.
A,b. R. in Tennes-
POTTERY AND WORKS OF ART IN TERRA COTTA IN VARIOUS
SHAPES OF ANIMALS AND OF HUMAN BEINGS, MOST
PROBABLY USED IN RELIGIOUS WORSHIP AND
AS TRIBAL AND SACRED SYMBOLS. FROM
THE STONE GRAVES, BURIAL AND SAC-
RIFICIAL MOUNDS OF THE ANCIENT
INHABITANTS OF THE GREAT
INTERIOR VALLEY OF NORTH
Fig. 1 6. Terra cotta vessel in shape of a fat bear from stone
grave, Old Town, Tennessee. Height 4 inches; circumference
of body 1 8. 8 inches.
Figure 17. Figure 18.
Figs. 17 and 18. Head ornamenting paint bowl; from
stone grave, Big Harpeth river.
NOTE The head of the warrior is here ornamented with a
helmet, comparable in form to that of the Greeks and executed
with great boldness and skill. Very fine specimen. Height
from bottom to summit of helmet 4.25 inches.
Fig. 19. Clay vessel in shape
ot a child's foot and leg, found
in stone coffin 8^ feet long,
enclosing a large skeleton with
feet to the East. Height of vase
8.6 inches; greatest circumference
12 inches. Found on Big Har-
peth river, near Franklin, in
Page 60. Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig. 20. Terra cotta hollow
figure representing a squatting
female figure in great pain.
Height 9 inches; circumference
1 9, } 2 inches. From Mound
Bottom, opposite St. Louis,
TERRA COTTA IMAGES FROM ABORIGINAL GRAVES AND
Figs. 21 and 22. Hol-
low image from Cumberland
valley, composed of fine-
cream colored clay. Height
6)'2 inches; greatest cir
cumference 8 inches. A dis-
tinct cross on right shoulder.
See page 77. Ex. Ab.
R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 23. Terra cotta image of
deformed female from stone grave
near Brentwood, Tennessee.
Height 4.5 inches.
Page 41. Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig. 24. A small hollow idol of
black clay, 5 inches in height, from
stone grave near Nashville. De-
formed fem;ile figure.
Page 41. Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Figured in error. Dr. Jones hav-
ing presented this idol to his brother,
Col. Charles C. Jones and it may
be found in his fine collection.
Fig. 25. Image almost
black, from stone grave of
a child on burial and sacri-
ficial mound, banks of
Cumberland river, opposite
Nashville, Tennessee; one-
fourth the natural size.
See page 44, Ex. Ab. R.
STONE IMAGES OR IDOLS FROM THE SACRIFICIAL, CERE-
MONIAL AND BURIAL, ABORIGINAL MOUNDS OF
THE GREAT INTERIOR VALLEY OF
Fig. 26. Stone idol of hard
grey sandstone from Cumber-
land Valley, Middle Tennes-
see, discovered in the neigh-
borhood of pyramidal mounds
and stope graves. Height
13,^ inches, breadth of shoul-
ders 13.5 inches.
Fig. 27. Female idol of
hard grey sandstone, found in
same locality. Height 1 1
Fig. 28. Profile head of stone image
carved out of compact white fluor
spar, from Pyramidal Mound, Henry
This is but a fragment of an idol
destroyed by fire in 1857 and this por-
tion alone escaped.
Length 5.5 inches, width 5 inches.
Page 130, Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 29. Remarkable stone implement of aboriginal art,
formed of hard green serpentine, with head fashioned in the
shape of a human being. Length 13 inches, diameter of shield
or guard 5 inches. Length of handle 4 inches, length of
chisel-like blade 6.7 inches.
This instrument may have been used for hollowing out
canoes, probably a relic of the aboriginal inhabitants of the
south sea islands.
PIPES FASHIONED OF STONE AND CLAY BY THE ABORI-
GINES. AND USED FOR CEREMONIAL AND DO-
MESTIC PURPOSES FROM THE MOUNDS,
FORTIFICATIONS AND SITES OF ABOR-
IGINAL SETTLERS IN THE
GREAT INTERIOR VALLEY
OF NORTH AMERICA.
Fig. 30. Stone pipe of a chocolate colored stone carved in
the shape of a parrot, found near Murfreesboro, Tenn.
Length of pipe 12.4 inches, height 4 inches, howl 2.5 inches,
depth of bowl 3.8 inches. See page 76, Ex. Ab. R. in
Fig. 31. Stone pipe in shape of Eagle, highly polished and
finished from stone fort near Manchester, Tennessee. About
one-half natural size. Page 103, Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
Fig. 32. Stone pipe from Louisiana, beautiful!}' carved in
the form of a duck, from hard, green serpentine. Length of
pipe 8 la inches; height 4 inches; diameter of bowl 2 inches.
Fig. 33. Pipe of highly polished black slate. This beauti-
ful specimen of carving was brought by an officer of the United
State army (Capt. Pittfield) from the Northwestern coast of
North America during the Mexican war. Length 12.5 inches;
greatest breadth 5 inches.
Fig. 34. Stone pipe carved from dark yellow sand-
stone in the shape of a frog in a sitting posture, weighing
19)^ pounds. This immense pipe was found about 1806
by Mr. Wm. Ellis, near a large mound in the neighborhood
of Port Gibson, near the banks of the Mississippi river.
- 35- Clay pipe in the form of a sitting figure, from
Shell Ridge mound, near mouth of Bayou Lafourche, La. Width
of base of pipe 4 inches, bowl 2 inches.
Fig. 36. Partially formed stone pipe of dark brown sand
stone from same locality. Length of base 5.2 inches; diameter
of bowl 2.3 inches.
STONE WEAPONS BATTLE AXES STONE HATCHETS STONE
WEDGES STONE SCRAPERS, ETC.
The weapons and implements of stone were, without doubt,
used by the aborigines of North, Central and South America,
for various purposes, the same instrument or weapon being
used indiscriminately for peace or for war. Thus a stone wedge
when properly bound to a handle, might be used as a hatchet
or battle axe, or for scraping skins, digging out canoes or
boats, or for agricultural purposes. We now know that the
ordinary arrow and spear head is used by the Esquimaux and
other northern tribes as a knife when fastened into a wooden
handle. It is also evident from ancient Peruvian figures that
stone spears and arrow heads were similarly used in ancient
Fig. 37. Double headed green stone axe with stone handle.
Formed of hard green stone (chloritic slate) susceptible of
high polish. Handle and stone blade carved from a single
piece of stone. Taken from burial mound on the banks of the
Cumberland river opposite Nashville, Tenn. This remarkable
mound appears to have been occupied by a sacrificial vase
formed of crushed shells and clay, varying in thickness from
one to two inches, and almost forty-four inches in diameter.
The stone coffins were arranged around this central vase or
sacrificial altar. Mound fully described in Explorations of
Aboriginal Remains in Tennessee, Smithsonian contributions
to knowledge, p. 42. Length of stone hatchet, including han-
dle, 14.25 inches; diameter from edge to edge of double blade 6
inches; width of blade large 2.5 inches; width of handle 2^
inches. The head of the handle has three notches and the end
a ring in it.
See page 46. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
NOTE Dr. Jones considered this to be the most beautiful
and perfect stotie implement which he had observed in Europe
or America, being especially interesting as developing the idea
of a perfect double-headed stone axe without any contact with
civilization, and also as showing the manner in which the
aborigines fastened the handle to the axe.
Fig. 38. Spade shaped implement of hard
green stone, from ancient works at Gen. De-
Graffenreid's, Big Harpeth River, Tennessee,
2/4 miles from Franklin, Tennessee. Length
18 inches, greatest width of blade 2)2 inches,
thickness of handle % inch. Length of spade
See page 87, Ex. Aboriginal Remains in
Fig 39. Leaf shaped stone or spear of
symmetrical form with serrated edges of fossil
stone of a dark, hard siliceous texture. This
stone spear was found in the ancient earth
works of the Big Harpeth River, about -2%
miles above Franklin, Tennessee. It was
taken from a hexagonal grave in the centre of
a Burial Mound. Length 21.75 inches, width
2 inches, thickness 0.3 inches.
NOTE This has been regarded as the most
remarkable stone implement in existence in
this or any other country, and conveys a high
idea of the skill and perseverance of the an-
cient inhabitants of Tennessee in the manu-
facture of stone implements. Page 58, Ex.
A.b. R. in Tennessee.
DISCOIDAL STONES, BICONCAVE STONES, USED FOR GAMES,
'FOR MEDICINE BOWLS, PAINT BOWI.S
Fig. 40. Biconcave stone disc,
from stone grave, Valley of the
Cumberland River. Diameter 5.25
inches, thickness 1.65 inches, dia-
meter of central opening 3.12 inches.
See page 74, Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig. 41. Biconcave stone disc,
from stone grave, Valley of the
Cumberland. Diameter of stone
6/ inches, diameter of opening
4)6 inches, height -2% inches.
See page 51, Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
This collection contains in addition a very large number of
stone wedges, chisels, battle axes, both single and double,
scrapers, fleshers and arrow heads too numerous to be figured.
Many are mentioned in Explorations of Aboriginal Remains in
See page 75, figures 39 and 40; page 87, figure 55 ; page 139,
figures 75 and 76; page 140, figures 75, 78 and 79.
Others were obtained in different localities in various parts
of the Southern States, forming exquisite specimens of Indian
art and crafts.
STONE AND TERRA COTTA PESTLES, CRUSHERS OF GRAIN
AND PAINT AND SMOOTHERS OF SKINS, ETC.
Fig. 42. Skin smoother, composed of clay and crushed
shells from aboriginal settlement in neighborhood of Sacred
Mound, opposite Nashville, Tenn. Diameter 4.7 inches,
length 4 inches from base to top of handle. End of handle
cleft or forked. Surface of disc is highly polished.
NOTE As far as Dr. Jones' information extends this form
of instrument was first discovered and described by him.
Fig. 43. Skin smoother, found in mound in north Nash-
ville, composed of clay and crushed shells. Diameter 5.75
inches, height from base to end of handle 3 inches.
Fig. 44. Skin smoother from banks of Cumberland River.
Greatest diameter 5.35, short diameter 3.85. Height 3 inches.
Page 143, Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
PLUMMETS, SINKERS, PERFORATED STONES USED AS
SINKERS FOR LINES AND NETS, ALSO FOR SPINNING
THREAD AND FOR ORNAMENTS.
Fig. 45. Stone implement of
hard brown stone, found at Stone
Fort, near Manchester, Tenn.
Fig. 46. Plummet of black, magnetic iron ore,
found at line of Ancient Works. Big Harpeth
River. Length 3.25 inches, diameter 1.25 inches.
Page 141, Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
OBJECTS OF DOUBTFUL OR UNKNOWN ORIGIN.
Fig. 47. Cone of haematite from Cum-
berland Valley. See page 141, Ex. Ab.
R. in Tennessee.
SPEAR HEADS ARROW HEADS.
Spear heads of various patterns, perfect in all their parts,
and typical of the skill of the aboriginal inhabitants of North
Some have sloping edges in opposite directions, so construc-
ted as to cause a rotary motion of the spear or javelin when
thrown through the air. They vary in length from 4.75 inches
to 2.4 inches; composed of variously colored silex, and are from
Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas and L/ouisiana.
CARVED SHELL ORNAMENTS.
Fig. 51. Carved shell
from stone grave, Big Har-
peth river, Tennessee. Great-
est length 7.5 inches.
Fig. 52. Carvings on sea shell. Fig. 51.
See page 60. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
53- Engraved shell from
stone grave, Sacred Mound.on banks
of Cumberland river, opposite Nash-
Page 43. Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig. 54. Reverse of above, sup*
posed to have been worn suspended
around the neck.
Page 43. Ex. Ab. R. in Ten-
Fig- 55- Various forms of
shell beads from stone coffins in
mounds opposite Nashville, Ten-
See page 42. Ex. Ab. in Ten-
Fig. 56. Shell ornament cameo.
From stone grave of a child, foot of
Burial Mound, Cumberland river. Long
diameter 2 inches; short diameter 1.36
Page 48. Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
In this section is contained a large number of needles, bod-
kins, etc., made from the polished bones of the American deer
and chiefly found in the mounds of Tennessee, and the shell
mounds ot Bayou des Allemands, Lafourche parish, Louisiana.
TERRA COTTA AND STONE HEADS AND MASKS OF MEN,
ANIMALS, BIRDS, ETC.
Fig. 57. Terra Cotta head
of do<; from Aboriginal Mound,
near Florence, Alabama.
Fig. 58. Terra Cotta figure,
from Mound Valley of the Ten-
nessee river, near Florence, Ala.,
almost natural size.
Fig. 59. Terra cotta head, prob-
ably intended for that of a Panther,
from Burial Mound, Copiah Co.,
Mississippi. Length of head i inch,
length of head and neck 2 inches.
Fig. 60. Terra cotta fig-
ure, from Mound near Flor-
ence, Ala. Height 3.5
inches, breadth 2.25 inches.
This figure has been called
the "Alabama Isis."
Fig. 61. Terra cotta head
from Florence, Ala., Valley
of the Tennessee River.
Fig. 62. Terra cotta head from
Burial Mound on the Tennessee
River, near Florence, Ala.
Fig- 63. Terra cotta
head from Shell Mound,
Deer Island, nearBiloxi,
Miss. Probably intended
for handle to a vase.
Length of head> inches,
length of neck 2 . 5 inches.
METAL ORNAMENTS COPPER AND IRON AND STONE FROM
THE ABORIGINAL MOUNDS AND STONE GRAVES
AND SITES OF ANCIENT ABORIGINAL SETTLE-
Fig. 64 Remarkable copper plate
from Mound in Alabama on the banks of
Tennessee river. Length of plate 18
inches; width of plate 5.5 inches.
The figure is stamped on the copper.
Fig. 65. a. Represents a plume. Long diameter 14 inches;
broadest portion 3.3 inches.
b. Represents a sceptre on which is very distinctly figured a
serpent. Length 10 inches; greatest breadth 4 inches; both
the scepter and the plume have handles of bone; the several
parts are ingeniously held together with copper rivets. Smaller
ornaments made of copper.
Fig. 66. a. Large stone wedge 9 inches long, 3 inches
wide. b. Beautiful polished stone axe of dark green chloritic
slate perfoiated by hole in the center. Length 7 inches; width
5 inches, c. Fine copper axe of pure metal, showing the
effect of having been beaten. Length 8.5 inches; greatest
width 2 inches. This collection of relics is of great impor-
tance as showing the copper and stone implements found side
by side in the same prehistoric grave.
The foregoing articles were found near Stevenson, Alabama,
while mining for coal.
1. Implements employed in ancient mining operations by
the aborigines of North America.
2. Iron and stone weapons of war used by the aborigines
of North America, after the colonization by Europeans, and
still in use by the Western and Northern tribes.
PRE-HISTORIC, ABORIGINAL RELICS FROM THE MOUNDS
AROUND NATCHEZ, AND FROM THE SELTZERTOWN
MOUND AND SURROUNDING COUNTRY ON THE
EAST AND WEST BANKS OF THE MISSISSIPPI
RIVER. STONE IMPLEMENTS, WEAPONS
OF WAR, CELTS, DISCOID AL STONES,
PLUMBS, SINKERS, BEAD GOR-
GETS, BOAT SHAPED IMPLE-
MENTS, ETC., VASES,
STONE AND TERRA
Fig. 67. Stone pipes from vicinity of Fort Rosalie near
Natchez, Miss. Stone pipe Length 4 inches; height 2.5
inches. Stone pipe with human head Height 3 inches;
length 4 inches.
Fig. 68. Vase in shape of
frog, from vicinity of Natchez,
Miss. Greatest diameter 4 5
inches, height 2.5 inches.
Fig. 69. Highly ornamented and
glazed black vase from Mound in the
vicinity of Natchez, Miss.
Circumference 20 inches, diameter
of neck i 85 inches. Diameter of
base 3 inches, height of vase to neck
Fig- 70. Group of
vases from the country of
the Ancient Natchez In-
dians in Mississippi.
Fig. 71. Stone vase,
contents of Burial Mound,
and Aboriginal relics from
the place of Mr. John
Slate, on the Taliahatchie
River, Lafayette Co., Mis-
sissippi. Vase found 16
miles west of Oxford, Miss.
innes west or (Jxlord, Miss.
Height 11.5 inches, long diameter 22 inches, short diameter
15 inches, depth of bowl 8.5 inches.
NOTE Without doubt one of the most perfect and remark,
able aboriginal relics ever found in North America.
See page 144, Ex. Ab. R. in Tennessee.
The extremely poor cut gives no idea of the beauty of this
Under this section are numerous boards and jars containing
articles too small to be dealt with separately and are not illus-
ratei in this catalogue.
ABORIGINAL TERRA COTTAS, IDOLS AND CARVINGS FROM
Fig. 72. Terra cotta figures from Mexico, of which there
is a very large number in various forms, from 2 to 3 and 4
Fig. 73. Terra cotta figures from Mexico, about 14 inches
Fig. 74. Carving of stone
frog from Tuxpan, Mexico.
Length 10 inches, height 5
Figure 75 Small stone figures from Mexico. Under this
head are a large number of small idols not herein illustrated.
Fig. 76. Stone idol from Tux-
pan, Mexico. Height 19.5 inches;
width 7.5 inches.
Fig. 77. Basaltic mask, Tuxpan,
Mexico. Length 5 inches; width 4.25
Fig. 78. Boulder of stone
carved with human face and
hands. From Tampico,
Mexico. Length 11.5 inches;
breadth 9.5 inches.
Fig. 79. Stone carving or idol from
Tampico, Mexico. Height 26.5 inches;
greatest width 11.2 inches; thickness of
slab 2 inches.
Fig. So. Jade mask
from temple of Sun
and Moon, Street of
the Dead, near City
of Mexico. Length 4
inches; width 2.25
Fig. 81. War decoration of the Aztecs or Toltecs beautifully
carved, of green jade. Discovered in an excavation made in
the Temple of Cholula, Mexico, October 2, 1878. Length 2.75
inches; width 2 inches.
Fig. 82. Green jade ornament,
heart shaped, with carving of human
head of exquisite shape and high polish,
from ancient Aztec ruins near City of
Mexico. Length 2 inches; width 1.25
CARVINGS AND TERRA COTTAS FROM CENTRAL AND SOUTH
Fig. 83. Vase or jug of terra cotta, excavated from bed of
Guano on an island off the coast of Honduras. Height 23.5
inches; greatest circumference 33.25 inches. Not illustrated.
Fig. 84. Stone image
from Honduras, represent-
ing a monkey apparently
in great pain. Height of
figure 8 inches.
Fig. 85. Stone matata
from Honduras, Central
America. Roller attach-
ed. Length 13 inches;
height of figure 10 inches.
Fig. 86. Stone carving re-
presenting skull or death's
head, frcm Copan, Honduras.
Height of head from chin to
top of ornament 9.5 inches;
Length 8 inches; width 7.5
Fig. 87. Stone sphynx
with head of bird, from Copan,
Honduras. Length n inches;
height 7.5 inches, breadth
Fig. 88. Carving representing a foot with sandal or shoe
from Copan, Honduras. Length of sole of foot 11.25 inches;
breadth of toes 5.25 inches; circumference around ankle 19
inches. Smaller foot from Chichen Itzen, Honduras. Battle
axe, hard green stone curiously carved, from Copan, Honduras.
Length 4.5 inches; breadth 4 inches; thickness 1.75 inches.
Fig. 89. Idols of hard porous lava from Pacific coast of
Mexico and Central America, about 12 inches in height.
Fig. 00. Stone carving
representing Armadillo of
South America, of hard,
compact light brown sand
stone. Length 16 inches,
height 8 inches.
Fig. 91. These hard stone idols (male and female) were
found in a hillside cut on the line of the Costa Rican railroad,
about 40 miles inland from Port Liraon, Costa Rica.
Height of male idol 36 inches, breadth 15.5 inches, greatest
circumference 57 inches.
Height of female idol 24 inches, breadth 14 inches, greatest
circumference 52.5 inches. Both are fashioned of hard porous
Fig. 92. These three figures were found in a vase, while
excavating a mound near San Pedro, Spanish Honduras.
Height of larges*: figure 5 inches, breadth of base 3.5 inches,
circumference around the abdomen 7 inches. The figures are
of terra cotta, black and highly polished.
Figs. 93-94. Terra cotta vases of reddish brown clay, highly
polished and grotesquely ornamented. The legs (three in
number) are hollow and contain balls of clay, which produce
a rattling sound. About 2.5 inches in height. Northern part
of South America.
Fig. 95. Terra cotta, representing head of Cougar or
Panther, from Guatemala. Height 3.75 inches, greatest length
ANCIENT PERUVIAN POTTERY.
Fig. 98. A most exquisitely carved image of the Hindoo
God Vishnu, composed of black basalt.
Height from top of carving to base 38 inches, greatest width
of shoulders 10.5 inches.
Brought from India by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Wilmer of Louis-
iana, and presented by his widow, Mrs. Wilmer, to Dr.
Joseph Jones in 1879.
Fig. 99. Hindoo masks, formerly worn by the priests of
the serpent worshipers, from a Temple on the Island of Ceylon,
made of light wood brilliantly colored.
Fig. 100. This collection contains a large number of Mound
Builders' skulls, carefully numbered and measured. See page
no, Explorations aboriginal remains in Tennessee, also a
large number of those of various nationalities of modern times.
This small catalogue gives a very meagre idea of the
collection made by the late Joseph Jones, physician and scien-
tist. He was an earnest student of Archaeology and made
during the years of 1868-1869, most interesting explorations
into the mounds lying in the valleys of the Tennessee and
Cumberland Rivers. These researches were published by the
Smithsonian Institution under the title of "Explorations of the
Aboriginal Remains in Tennessee," Smithsonian Contribution
to Knowledge, No. 259. The work is largely illustrated with
cuts, figuring the results of these explorations; skulls, vases,
idols, pipes, celts, stone implements and shell ornaments of
various kinds, and plans of the earth works and general
position of the mounds from which they were taken.
The originals of the articles thus described form the greater
part of this collection; there are in addition many beautiful
objects obtained in Louisiana and others which were acquired
by careful purchase from Mexico, Central America and Peru,
and by a gift from India.
The collection also contains fine examples of Indian bead
work, and handsome specimens of the pottery of the Zuni and
Navajos Indians, and of the Indian tribes of Central and South
SUSAN POLK JONES.
1138 Washington Ave. , New Orleans,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE LAST DATE
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