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Full text of "An Accompaniment to Mitchell's Map of the World, on Mercator's Projection: Containing an Index ..."

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?)?.Vfe 



»«««*♦«< M ttt m ht* 



Harvard College 
Library 




noH im nmDOF 
HARRIET J. G. DENNY 



t ummmmu t, 



All 



ACCOMPANIMENT 



TO 



MITCHELLiSj 

MAP OF^THE WORLD^ 

ON MERCATOR'S PROJECTION; 



OMrrAMUio 

AN INDEX 



TO TBI 



VARIOUS COUNTRIES, CITIES, TOWNS, ISLANDS, ^9C, 

REPRESENTED ON THE MAP, 



TBAT THE POSITION OF ANY PLACE EXHIBITED ON r 
MAT BE READILT ASCERTAINED: 



A GENERAL DESCRIPTION 

Of 

THE nVB GREAT DIVISIONS OF THE GLOBE, 

AMERICA* EUROPE, AFRICA, ASIA, AND OCEANICA, 

WITS TBIIft 



SEVERAL EMFIREBl KINGDOMa STATEa TERRITORIEBl Afr 



PHILADELPHIA: 

PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL, 
ir. 1. ooBWER or maekyt amd sivBirra sn. 

1946. 



if PREFACE. 



live subdivisions, will be found sufficiently clear and distinct as to give 
those who may consult it, a general idea of the present geography of the 
world, as accurate as can probably be gleaned from any equal number of 
pages extant on the same subject. 

In treating of geography, it is usual to arrange and describe countries 
according to their real or supposed political importance ; a method which 
is rather calculated to confuse and bewilder the mind tlian otherwise, in 
consequence of the necessity of referring to the Map in an irregular man- 
ner. In the following Accompaniment, it is proposed to adopt a purely 
geographical arrangement, commencing with North America, which lies 
at the north-west corner of the map, and passing thence to the other 
j grand divisions of the globe, taking up in succession South America, Eu- 
rope, Africa, Asia, and finally, the fifth grand division, or Oceanica. In 
this way, it is believed, a clear and distinct representation of the various 
portions of the earth, will probably be more vividly impressed on the, 
mind than by any other method. 

The Map of the World is constructed on Mercator*8 Projection, and is 
the largest and most comprehensive work of the kind ever published in 
America. It is engraved, printed, coloured, and mounted, in the most ele- , 
gant manner. In its geographical details, this Map represents the surface j 
of the earth as it really exists, according to the best authorities; the; 
routes and tracks of the most celebrated Travellers and Navigators, from, 
the first voyage of Columbus to that of Lieutenant Wilkes, are distinctly 
exhibited, and all the recent Geographical and Nautical discoveries in 
Africa, America, and Australia, and in the Pacific, Arctic, and Antartic 
Oceans, are accurately represented, — among the latter is the line of coast ■ 
discovered by the United States' Exploring Expedition, in the year 1840. 
Many islands, the majority of which were discovered by American navi- 
gators, arc also now inserted for the first time in a general map of the 
world. The Consulting Index, comprising near thirteen thousand items, j 
wUI, with the plan adopted for its use, be found to give great facility in ' 
searching for the position of the various countries, cities, towns, islands, 
&C., represented on the Mapi Jl 

The present edition of the accompaniment to *• MitchelPs Map of the 

World'* has been subjected to such a revision as the progressive state of 

geographical knowledge requires. The articles describing the various 

sections of the United States have been made to correspond, in every re- 

!Ct, with the Census of 1840; those connected with Great Britain and 

(land, with the Census of 1841 ; and those descriptive of the other por- 1 

1 s of the globe, with the statements found in M*Culloch*8 Universal 

jmzetteer (Am. ed.), and other approved Geographical works recently' 

niblished. The whole will, it is believed, be found to correspond with the 

iresent condition of the earth as nearly as a work of its limits, illustrating 

I subject involving such an infinite number and variety of details, can be 

readily made to assume. 

Philadelphia, July Ut, 1845. 



'-e-o^ J)5-.Vfe 



»t«««tttt«*««t«-»»* 



Harvard College 
Library 




noil Tm VUND or 
HARRIET J. C. DENNY 



t mnummm i 




^ ^3- >^\ ' 6.'ii':\. 



(^l<a ^I^.H-t 



/ 



/; //./ 



/ 
/ 



fi tcoQidiog to the ftct of ooograM, in the yetr 1843, by S. AooraTOi 

r .» iDthederk'eoAoe of the difltrict oomt of the eeeteni datriet of Penn- 



T1 \ mw 3. VAAAW PBILADBLPRIA. 



PREFACE. 



Ox the utility and importance of the study of Geography, it would be 
needless to expatiate ; every person*s experience must show that some ac- 
quaintance with it is indispensable in the ordinary business and inter- 
course of life. It enables the navigator, the merchant, and the military 
commander, to carry on their respective operations ; and embraces a vast 
variety of those objects which are most interesting in themselves, and 
with which it concerns man most to be acquainted. It is evident, tliat at 
a very early period of society, the necessity c^ cultivating this science, 
must in a measure have attracted the attention of nuinkind : their curi- 
osity to know sometliing of the country they inhabited, and the necessity 
of marking, in some manner, the boundaries of their property, would 
unite in forming the outlines, and directing their attention to the subject 

In modem times, and especially at the present period, the general inter- 
course €)i knowledge amongst all classes, the intimate commercial and 
political rdations existing between civilized communities, and the univer- 
sal desire of all enquiring minds to become acquainted with distant coun* 
tries, and with the inhabitants, condition, and productions of regions differ- 
ing from our own, unite in rendering geographical knowledge interesting 
to the majority, and to many indispensable in qualifying them for the pur- 
suits of commerce and industry, and for much of the current and daily 
avocations of life. 

Tlie object of the following Accompaniment is not to give extended geo- 
graphical details, but rather general results, so that it may present in con- 
nexion with the Map, a distinct view of the principal geographical fea- 
tures of the world, and serve, generally, as a work of reference. In its 
compilation, the principal of the numerous works which have issued from 
the press witliin the last few years on geography, travels, statistics, 6lc^ 
have been consulted, and in all cases the most recent published details In 
the latter branch of science are given : of the works most freely resorted 
to, the principal are, Murray's Encyclopaedia of Geography, Ma]te-Brun*s 
and Goodrich's Univeml Geography, Flint's Geography of the Western 
States and Territories, Encydopcdla Americana, IHirby and Dwight's 
United States Oasetteer, Origin and History of Bfisdons, Missionary 
Gaaetteer, Ellis's Polynesian Researches, Transactions of the Geography 
cal SodeCy of London, Ac The extent of the Accompaniment bdng 
necessarily limited, a comprehensive and minute detail, either In the d^ 
scrlptlon of countries, or in the statement c^ fyiCtM^ is not to be expected ; 
yet« notwithstanding, it is believed that the leading features in the general 
account given of each of the great divisions c^ the earth and their respeiy 



CONTENTS. 



CuiiLTiiio Irmb PafB 11 

GanoLAL Vtiw or jwm Woald 117 

AMERICA 119 

North AoKriea 121 

RmmUn Pommuom 198 

Briluh PoMeMiont 139 

New Britaio 133 

Upper Cinada 135 

Lower Cuudtf 136 

Now BnuMwick 138 

Nont Scotia 139 

Ckpe Breton 140 

Prnce Edwftrtrt Iduid 140 

NcviModUna 140 

AAlkxMta 141 

United SlalM 143 

CMtem States 154 

Maine 155 

Now Hanpahire 157 

Vormoat 159 

MaaMefawetU 161 

RiMMlolalaad 165 

Coonecticut 166 

Middle StalM 168 

New York 169 

Now Joraej 175 

Pennajtraiua 177 

Oeiiware 183 

MarvUnd 184 

Dittriet oT ColwBUa 186 

Soothem Stales 187 

Virfinia 188 

North Carolina 193 

South CaraliM 195 

GooTfU 197 

nonda TerrilflrT 900 

901 



MiMJMippi. 



9903 

..905 

Wcfllerm Stales and Tetritarios 908 

OUo 910 

Kontoolnr 91 3 

Tooneasos 915 

IndiaM 917 

nCiiois 919 

MieUmi 399 

934 



W^toeoMin lefTilor^' 

Wcstcni TefTitorf .. 

Missouri Torriloffj. • 

! OfOfoB 1 orritflry • • • 



'Ouatemala. 



935 

937 
348 



West Indies 

British Iilands 

Jamaiea^ 

Barbadoes 

Antifaa 

8l (^ittopber*s 

Mooserrat, dc«. 

Nevis 

Barbnda 

Angailla 

Virgin Islands 

Dominies • 

StVinoent 

Grenada 

Tobago 

St Lucia 

Trinidad 

Itahani.i Islands 

Bermudas 

Spanish Islands 

Cuba 

Pofto Rioo 

FVench Islands 

Martinioo 

Gnadaloope 

Dutch, Swedish, and Danish Islands 

Sl EusUtia 

Saba 

Sl Martin 

Cnraeoa 

Santa Cms 

Sl Thomas •^ • 

SLJohn^s .t! 

DL sartAoiQiueur ••••••••••••••••• 

Uajti 

South Amenea •••..••••••• 

Colombia 

New Grenada 

Venexoela 

Equador 

OaBapafos Uands 

Guiana 



951 
951 
951 



955 
955 
955 
955 
955 
955 
955 



Surinam 



973 
976 
977 
919 
919 
919 



Braifl 

Peru 

South Peru 
Doovia • •• 

ChlU 

Ishmd of ChOoe 901 

Islands of Juan Feraaadst 901 

Ajrss 



Urufuay. 
PatacQBia 





OONTENTS. 


y« 






F«>DdoPa,&«. 

AtcBuea : 


4G3 

4ea 














SSrr-.-.-.:;:;:;:;:::- 


1G3 






GnioOmM 


«13 










GUiOMt 


M3 


HioritiDi, or U< c/ FHbm. . . . 


464 














Soeotoi 

ASIA 


4S4 

4G5 


SSli^^■.■.■.■:::::::::::: 












Uui|o 


445 






Nnr atwi., fc«. 


475 
415 


oXbirs^^.::::::: 

SiMlbmiAUa 


446 
446 






SS^^'.;;;;:::;::::: 


448 
449 










DtghMtan 


478 
4T8 








451 










"iJIJuT-T::::::::::::::;:: 


479 

460 
489 

469 










Rl»d«i,^te. 






Mooloo. 


4S9 


a^;:;:::::::::::::::::: 


4SS| 
466 












}?? 


AnbU 


488 










StT----;;;;;-;;;-; 


w 


PwU 


491 
495 


AMandHwiw 

Cntnl Aftka 

DvAir 


4U 
4S3 

456 






K«- 


499 


BWIDO 


456 










■HtMmw «T 


BsoUa ua Nepul 

CeylDB IT. 

ChinladU 

BrtMililWItotiw. 


SOS 

510 
511 
511 
514 


























Siun 

H4l>r> or M>lM> 

PotaKliv 

Anim 

Cochin Chiu 

CunbodU 

Tooqnio 

IT-::::.;;:::;;:::::::: 

Thibet 


SIS 

31S 

5ie 

S16 
.517 
517 
517 
517 
518 
518 
SIS 
518 






■~i;; :::::::: :::::: 








T>^ 




SSU^ikv.v;::::::: 


459 


Ssriii.v.'i'.' 


460 


ISSflS" 

iJZ."^:;::::::::;: 

Ctnuj Idmdi 


m 

461 
461 
461 











viii 



ODNTEIVTS. 




I Loo CSioo Iiknds flS7 

538 

Hainaii 588 

598 

538 

Mtotcbooria • 531 

Mon^...: 531 

BooDffirui •••••• 533 

little Bocharim 534 

Indqwodent Tartanr 534 

Qiwt Bueharia, or Bokhara 535 

Balkh 535 

Kbokan 536 

Khira 536 

Kooodoos 536 

KlTfaia 537 

Tureonmiia 537 

Japan 537 

OCEANICA 543 

Malaraia 547 

Bonda lalanda 547 

Sumatra 547 

Polo Ungin, Banca, du. 547 

IJava 547 

Bally, Lombock, Sumbaway Slc .... 548 

Borneo 548 

Booloo ArchSpelafo 548 

ICblebea 548 

Molocttaa or Spice lilande 548 

iPhilUpianea 549 

CSoooa or Keeling lalanda 549 

Analnlaiia 549 

Anitralia 549 

GolooT of Western Australia 550 

▼an Diemen^s Land 550 

New Zealand 650 

F^Ria, or New Guinea 551 

ILoniaiade 551 

New Britain 551 

New Ireland 551 

New Hanofer, he 551 

NewHBbrideo 551 

lN«wOalodonla 551 

INoHblkUand &51 

te lalanda 551 

IFulnMBU 551 

Lamie or Marian Uaada 553 

GbraliM Uaada 



PelewlriandB 

Central Arefaipehfo 

Sandwich lalanda , 

BlarqaoMs or Waahtnglon Uaada .. 553 

Society Uanda 551 

Geoman lalanda 554 

Pearlor PamnoCo lalanda 551 

PaDiaer lalande 554 

Herrey'a or Cook'a lalanda 551 

Anatral or KaiTaivai lalanda 555 

Friendly labnda 555 

NaTigator'a Idands 555 

Feejee lalanda 5&5 

Tonga Iilanda 555 

Haboai lalanda 555 

Pitcaim'a Uand 555 

Easter laland 556 

Isknds in the Polar Seaa 556 

North Polar lalanda 557 

North Geoman lalandi 557 

BoolhiaFelu 557 

Greenland 558 

Sooresbj's land 558 

8|pitabergcn 558 

Nova Zembk 559 

Sooth Polar Islands 559 

Falkland Islands 559 

South Georgia 559 

Soath Shetland 560 

SoothOrkney 560 

Pahner*s Latid 560 

Kergualen*s Latid 560 

Tri^an d*Actinha 500 

Endcrby's Land 560 

Grahani*s Land 500 



OCEAN 

Pacific Ocean • 

Atlantic Ocean 561 

Indian Ocean 561 

Arctic Ocean 561 

Antarctic Ocean 561 

Mediterranean Sea* dtc 561 

Baltic Sea, &c 569 

Extent and Population of the World 5a 

Christian Missions 565 

Mtssinaary Stationa 566 

Newly discovered Islands^ Jbo. . • . . 569 



■I 



maSM 



EXPLANATIONS TO THE CONSULTING INDEX. 



To aicertain tha potitioo on the Hap of any place mentioned in the Index, obaenv the 
letters annexed to it in the fourth oolomn ; then find the <www pnT»H|ff|p letters on the tap 
or bottom and aides of the Map; from these letters pass the eye alonif the ranfcs dot 
north or south, and east or west, until they intersect : in the square in which tbey meet, 
the place sought fiir will be found. 

It will be observed, that every page of the Index contains two ranges of four eolomns 
each ; the first of these shows the names of Places, the second the clsse to which they 
respectively belong, as Cities, Towns, dec. ; the third column points out the Cotmtry in 
which places are situated ; and the fourth, the reference letters that correspond with those 
on the top and bottom and sides of the Map, and by means of which the position of cities 
and towns may be found. For example, Aaik, the first name in the Index, is an Islsad 
in North America, the Reference letters attached to which are A b ; on examining the 
Map, A win be found near the left comer at the top, and b, the second letter, in the kfl 
hand border in proceeding downward from the top of the Map : by the plan mentioned 
above the square containing Aaik will be found. The second name in the Index, is Aal- 
borg, a town in Denmark, letters M c ; tliu will be found, according to the rule staled, 
near the the middle of the Map, and about one-third of the breadth from the top ; and bj 
the same simple means every place mentioned in the Consulting Index nay be rmdilj 
ascertained. 

The figures attached to a few of the names in the first column of the Index, aigmfy 
that those places are represented on the Map by the figures attached to them ; this 
only in the cases of the governments of European Russia, a few of the minor 
States, and in two or throe provinces in Bolivia. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



.Arc. 

.Bk. 

Bgt 

BL 

Bis. 



Archipelago 

Bank 

Bight 

Bluff 

Bluffs 

Canal t CnL 

Cape C 

Channel Ch. 

City. Cy. 

aiff cL 

aifib Cls. 

Coast Cst. 

Colony CoL 

Country Cty. 

Department Dcp. 

i^cscrt ■»»•••••..■•••• I-Wjs. 

District Dis. 

Division Div. 

Duchy and Dukedom . . D. 

Elccturuto FH. 

Kmpire Km. 

Rntranoo .•••• ■•••••• r.titi 

Kaclury Fuc. 

FulU Kin. 

ri.rrd Fd. 

Fun land FM. 



Fork Fk. 

Fort Ft 

Government Gov. 

GrancT Duchy G.d. 

Group Gr. 

Gulf G. 

Harbour Har. 

Head lid. 

Hill III. 

Hills Ills. 

Hook Ilk. 

House Ila 

Inlet In. 

iRhmd I. 

Islands Is. 

Isthmus lit 

Kingdom Km. 

Uke I^ 

Lakes f a 

[<and lid. 

Mountain Mt. 

Mountains Mtn. 

Oasis On. 

Peak I'k. 

People Pen. 

Prnmsula Pen. 



Plains Pk. 

Point Pt 

Port PbL 

Possessions Pol 

Province Pra 

Promontory Prok 

Reef Rf. 

Rcefii Rfr. 

Republic RepL 

River R. 

Rock Rk. 

Rocks Rks^ 

Ruins Rns. 

Settlement SeL 

Shoal Sh. 

Shoals ShSk 

Sound Sa 

Sute 8l 

Sution Su. 

Sicppc Sle. 

Strait Sir. 

Territory Ter. 

Town T. 

Tribe Tr. 

Villoge Vil. 

■ 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Aaik... 
Aalborf 
AABWia 
Amnb.. 
Amnb.. 
AarhiiB. 
Am.... 
Afauo.. 
AmcIwi ..••.*• 

AbdUi 
AfaMia 
AfaMia 

Abawi 

Abb 

Abbftknl 

AbbMbMl... 

« • ■ 

AbbsCibbe 
Abbetibbe 

Abbelibbe 

Abbetibbes 

Abd •! CurU . . . 

Abes Gnmi • • • • 



I. North America 

T. Donmark 

T. Barca 

T. Mantcbooria . . 

Mantcbooria . . 

Denmark 

Norwaj 

Bahamas 

Moofolia 

T. Periia 

T. Mongolia 

T. Aaialic RuHia 

Asiatic Rosaia 

Asiatic Russia 

Asiatic 



R. 

T. 
T. 
I. 
T. 



R. 

Cty 
T. 



R. Abyssinia. 



Abingdon . • • .. 

Abinfdon 

Abipones • • > « • 

Abo 

Aboahinan .... 
Aboa 
Aboo 
Abothubbee . . . • 
AbOQ Girgefa . . . 

Aboalbee 

Abookir 

AbiMtisb 

Abraatca 

Abreojos 

Ababeron ....•• 

Aba Arisb 

Abu Patera .... 

Abona 

Abo Scsiun . . . . 



T. 

Tr. 

T. 

T. 

Tr. 

Dia. 

R. 

1. 

Ho. 

Tr. 

I. 

T. 

T. 

a 

Cy. 

'J: 

|Tr. 

T. 

T. 

S 

T. 

,T. 

:T. 

B. 

T. 

iT. 

I. 

C 

T. 

T. 

R. 

T. 



Arabia 

Africa 

Persia 

Africa 

Africa 

Brit America 
BriL America 
Brit. America 
Brit. America 
Brit. America 
Arabian oea • . • 
Mantcbooria 



Ab 
.Mc 

Ne 
Vd 
Vd 
Mc 
Mb 
Gf 
Rd 
Pe 
Td 
Sc 
So 
Od 
Qe 
Og 
Og 
Ph 
Pe 
Mb 

&^ 

Gd 
Gd 
Gd 
Gd 

Pg 
Ud 



Little BocbariaQd 
Asiatic Russia V a 

Scotland L c 

Gallapagos .... F h 

Virginia G e 

South America il k 

Russia N b 

Barbary Le 

Dahomey Mh 

Tibesty Nf 

Arabia Pf 

Egypt Of 

Arabia Of 

Egypt Oe 

Erypt Of 

Portugal L e 

Malaysia {J f 

Asiatic Russia p d 
Arabia .. ....Of 

Arabia p f 

Pen* Hi 

B«1f«> Ng 



Abo Shareb . . . . 

Abutua 

Abyssinia 

Acaponeto 

Acapulco 

Acari 

Acariay 

Accarah 

Achaguas 

Achecu 

Achecn 

Adiil 

Achiiiskaye . . . . 

AchiU 

Acoma 

Acquire 

Acra 

Acre 

Acton 

Adacb 

Adair 

Adamowa 

Adamowa 

Adams 

Adams 

Adana 

Addington 

Addon 

Adel 

AdcU 

Adelaide 

Adelaide 

Adelaide 

Aden 

Aden 

Adjidi 

Adiiniralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Admiralty 

Adoo 

Adowa 

Adramyti ...... 

Adrian! >|^ 

Adriatic 

Adventora 



T. 
Cty. 

ay. 

T. 

^- 

R. 
T. 
T. 

Km. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

Bay 

T. 

T. 

Ha 

I. 

C Brit America 

Cty. Soudan 

T. |8oodan 

Br. <>ykm 

Pk. iCeykm 

Asiatic Turkey 
North America 
Asia . . 



Bergoo Ng 

Africa iNj 

Africa '" 

Mexico 

Mexico 

Sooth Pcro . . 

Braxil 

Ashantee .... 
Venexuela.... 

Sumatra 

Somatra 

Ireland 

Asiatic Russia 

Japan 

.Mexioo. • • . . . 
Patagonia ... 
Arabia •••... 
Syria 
Brit. 



if 
M 

Mh 
Hh 
Sb 
Sb 
Le 
Qe 
Vo 
Eo 
Hn 
Of 
Oa 
Ec 
North AmericalA e 



T. 

U. 

L 

KmJ 

L 

Bay 

Bk. 

L 

G. 

T. 

R. 

G. 

L 

I. 

h 

In. 

Hks 

8a 

Cst 

T. 

T. 

ty. 



Hi 

Mh 

Mh 

Rh 

Rh 

Oe 

Do 

iQi 
Africa O^ 



L 



Australasia .... U J 
Brit America F a 
Indian Ocean . P i 
S. Pacific Oc.. . Ho 

Africa Pg 

Arabia Pg 

Barbary Me 

New Zealand. . X m 
New Holland. . U j 
Australasia... . V i 
North America D e 
Nora Zembla P a 
Brit America . G a 
Aostrabsia... . W I 

Patagonia II n 

Guinea L h 

Abyssinia 'O g 

Asistic Turkey N e 
Turkey ...... N d 

Europe Nd 

Polynesia |Cj 



11 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Ady 

AdieTDijui. . . . 

Afl*g«y 

Afeluniatui - - 

Apdaet .'.'.'.. 
Agudun ■ . . 
Agftttu 

Aggidibk .... 
Agrrocbuwik 

AfcudEt 

Afomiao. ■ . . 
Aj" 

Agrahukw .. 

Agaactiti .... 
AgiudilU.. . . . 
A^iutulco ■ . . 
Agulogak. ■ .. 
AewiMsowik. 

Abktf. 

Ahm 
Abw 

AlUD 

Ai.. 
Aiaki 
Aidal 
Aid« 

AilN 
AilB . . . . 

AitaUke. 
Ail .... 
Aim...- 

a£'' 

aC":! 

Alibi... 

AkiUika 
Aktn 
Akcbi 
Akka 

AkkiUj.... 
Ak Kinirgu 



IndunOoeui Q 

Sondin 

Afriea 

Alia 

Noilh Amelia 

idiui Octm 
Morocco 

Ltic Runia 

AleouL Aic 

Africa 

Africa 



Brit. AiDGric« 

Aftioa 

BrU. America 
HindoiHUa . 
HindoocUii . . 
Aaiatic Runia 



SS 



PntoRico. 

North Amcfica 
Brit. Anurici 



FT 



AnalicRuuii 
Cwpian So*. - 

Sooccrir'a I'd. 
FolToada.... 
AiialieRuBia 



Nubia..'.'..'.'!! 
AsialkRuMia 
AUantic Uc«ui 

PruKo 

CMHOa 

AAioa 



Akian 

Akloiuk . . . 
Akinetchat. 

Akaa 

Akau 

Akul 

Ak^b'!": 

Akjab .... 
Ala.. 

AlabBi 
Alabo. 

Aladi 

Akid 

Alaika 

AlakUna.... 
AlakUoa.... 

AliDd 

Alnnieli 

Alapi 

Aiapajm . . . ■ 
AUtomalia . . 

Alaljni 

AWo 

Alaiaonk . . . . 
Alueii 

Aibaeh!!!!.! 

Albany 

Albany 

Albanr 

Albanj 

Albany 

Albany 

AJ Barstoo... 

Albaain 

Albalnaa 

Albamarla . . . 
AJbamarla ■ . . 

Alban|[i 

AlbM Diika 

Albion 

AJhion 

Alboran 

Albnda 

Albuquarqua . 
AlboquarqiM . 

Aleantar* 

Aloanlan .... 
Alcantara . . . . 

Aldtow 

Aleobaco . . . . 

Aleodia 

Aldabra 

Aldima 

Aldan 

Aldan 



ioQd 



LittlD Buchaiu 

North America|A 

. Birmah 

BLrmah 

UnilodSlalea 
Alabama .... 

.. Meiieo 

Bav at Bennl If 

Braiil ; 

Koiila lalanda < 

Aaiatic R 
Aaiatic R 
RnaaU .. 
Aaiatic Tnikey 

M«ico " 

AiialJc Rnaiu 
- Deofia 

Aaiatic Ruaiia 
ic KuwU 
ic Ruuia ' 

Africa 

. Ttttkey .... 
I, BriL Amurici 
. N.W Ywk .. 
" IT Holland 
L Anin 



, New Zi'tiand . . 

Saflapafoa.... 

. North Urolina C 



Sd 



H(«iD.. 

Manlch. 



CONSt'LTIVi IM>EX. 



Ik! ^- 



Alrukoi 



Alrauiakau . 
Afepp" 



Akna^.. 



..T. [AMalic Kuiwii- O d 

..tV. Vnnc,- Md 

..lArcN. IVificl^cXc 
..'la. lAli-ouliau Arc. Xc 

..^>l>»rri. '»,. 

. .li^ylTirtary I'd 

, . Vt. 'I >rt-itim 'IVr. . . . i> e 
..11. Bril. Aiiurica . K c 



Alexunlria . . . . 
AlHuolria .... 
Alrundru .... 
Alpxandrina . . . 
Alpiandrov . . . 
AlciuiilraT*k .. 
Alri*iidn>iii>ksu 
Alurivuluji ■ . 



.Nc 



I;. :r<viil. 

Cr. II. Ill I tduiiibia 

Y. ;I«UB.i»l« »"c 

I. ,Nr«- K\Vah'« . V 1 



.MU-'Kurope Xd 

lU |T. T-Noraay Nb 

UK 'I. 'NoTwsj |H ^ 

Alla-nU II. jWi'il Iadin...|H> 

.\lulii|;ho lU iTliibi't R « 

AlUiifurd ^T. |Nurwir \Sh 

Atk-ii*kui fl. I.UUtii: Ilu»w. T d 

Alio ilu (.'liiui . .It. .Draiil I i 

Allon T. lUiiKii. Fe 

. 1. I.Vniitic KiMM.'Re 

" ■ " .|Jb 1 

■ Qd 

T. Nonray N b 

'R. lAniaUv RuMM.iTb 

I*. Il^uilrrn ««..., If 



...1. 



Allvn 

Atu'ik ... 
Aliiktitn-l 
.^Ivarailu 

Anukirriiiia. . 

.\iuaiihaliy !K. irararuiT 

«k....lT. Jap^... 



.U. 



AlKUr. .. 
Algoa..' 



..yy. [AIeht- 

. .iuiir)('aix' IVJoii* . 

..IT. r»r*.i. ...:.. 

..>IVi>..\>.nIi Arici 



AmannKbi •. ,"t~" 

I Amaraiilr T. Hnul ii: 

Aniiriiura H. »>lvm'Na U] 

I Am^inJi'ih' ,T. Illruil |l j 

. .Amiiua jiy lANBlic Turkry U d 

I Amuiwrn |1. |A>iBtic Turki7;a d 

AmitHiuc iBay jUutrinila "' ~ 

R. ISu 



a I< c I Anuuia 



JI 



.AliraUk 

AliMonkui . . . . 

.U Jt*in 

Alkoaal 



MtfhMnj . . 
AnccriDU . . 
Alkn*! 



AQSainla.. 
AUnlTili... 

Abnihcin ■ 
AbmridB . . . 
AJmida... 

Almririn... 



I. I'll 

.|l. ibit. Anil hca . lib 
.rr. .\iiUlii:Kii»ia.Xb 

,.Pr. Apimir Turk.vUe 
II- Tartiry '.Hi 

..iPi. IliiKkiMUn ...Kr 

..'<>. IlinduMUn ...Itf 
. "r. Aaiatk TurkFr N o 
.'Sir. JMalaym.... {T i 
. :MIji. Unik-d Suir*. . it e 
. I. IfjniryI>l>i>d>,Lr 
.(Ki: iX. lViticl>i-..'Ar 
.X Iliadm-un ...Kh 
. lbT(in'riilaiul....|la 
.iln. ,Ilril.A.»mc..;Ka 

.J. Abyiomia '» g 

. BayBraHl |J J 

.ll. IPolTUfWa Aj 

..It. Skuii ,l.c 

.iT. Ni-wi: ■ ■'■■- 

,.]!. "" " 



AlojanmiUi.. 
Akib 



.!L'h 



Ld 



IT. iBraul Jj 

T. |P.«liieal.. ' ' 

Bay Mmaiiibiqi 

. r. Braiil ■ i 

. r. Suain I. c 

" Ilraiil .li 

Snain jL e 

.Rf 



rhiJi . 



.,11 k 



T. .SU<laKai«M...|Fk 

Aiiibabnimanira T. <MailiK>Hnr. . .!? J 

Atnliko I. Mibyiia 'tl 

Amt>iur I. Polynnia iX J 

Ai..l..vt» jl. .MaUym vi 

ATiibrii K. .<.'uO|ti] 'XI 

Aiiibni K*. 'Madacsfcar. ..|PJ 

Anibiyiu jl. jAtulralBiia... .'X j 

Aiiibuiyu T. VoDfTD ;.V I 

AiH'cada I. 'W»l Indin.. .;H f 



Amrland .. 
Amctaglik . . 
AiiK-tica . ■ . . 
Aineha 



■ !■■ 



Anihrnt .. 
Amhrnl .. 



Ilullaiul t.M 

nland [lb 

P'-tynwia B h 

KiB*ia.:Ub 
ltq»w. I' b 
ni«-iB..Wc 
itiuaia.'X b 

Al.y«.mi. Ug 

H.r."iji ;»; 

Nortli Asierica H d 




Oiina iTf 

HolUod Mt 

SoutlxrnUenuiRI 



14 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Namei of nicn, kc 



Cla». 



AmstL'rdam . . . 

Amtutka 

An&barakoe • • • 

Anadir 

Anadir ....... 

Anodirskoi .... 

Anah 

Anaiajaa 

Anaklia 

Ananour 

Anapa 

Anaiieh 

Anatolia 

Anauan 

Anazo ■ • . • 

Anbac 

Anchor 

Anchorites 

Ancloto 

Ancona 

AncrctG 

Andal^la 

Andaman 

Andaman, E^ast . 
Andaman, (in^at 
Andaman, Little 

.\ndcnc« 

Andcro 

Anderson 

Andes 

Andes of Cuchao 

Andfpm 

Andkoo 

Andocn 

Andoin 

Andorra 

Andorra 

AndoMTo 

Aiidraida 

Aiidruauovskic . 
AndroBsan .... 

Andujar 

Anemur 

An|rad 

Anj^aU 

Anfrali 

11 Anffaim, I^>wer 
Anfrara, Superior 

Anffsrka 

Anj^zicha 

AnKem 

An|rf?l 



L 

L 

T. 

Sea 

R. 

r. 
I. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

Tr. 

Pr. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

PL 

Is. 

a 

Cy. 

Bay 

L. 

Is. 

Is. 

I. 

I. 

T. 

I. 

(•. 



Spitsbergen . . . 
Aleouiian Arc. 
Asiatic Russia 
AHiatic Russia 
Asiatic Russia 
Asiatic Russia 

Arabia 

Polynesia 

Asiatic Rus5iia 
Asiatic Russia 
Asiatic UusHia 

Arabia 

Asiatic Turkey 
Brazil Ih 



lUL 

STa 

Xc 
Ta 
Ab 
Xb 
Xb 
Oc 

Vg 

Od 

Od 
Od 
Oc 
Oc 



Mmim of IImm, kc 



Abysriinia O K 

Asiatic Rust^ia S b 
North America B c 
Australasia . . . |V i 

Mexico : 1'' t* 

Italy ,Md 

Greenland .... J b 



Buenos Ayres . H k 
Bay ot* liongal . S g 
Bay of Bengal. S g 
Bay of Bt*rifral . |S g 
Bay of Bengal . S g 

Norway N a 

Archificlago. . . N u 
.North America i.'V b 
Mts. South America H j 

Mts. Peru ,11 j 

T. TarUry 'Q d 

T. iTartary Q c 

I. 'Norway N b 

It. iRiissia Ob 

Rcp'S|uin M d 

T. Spain M d 

T. .KuHMa Ob 

C. lT.irtary P d 

is. lAlutiutian Arc.jX c 
Pk. BriL America III a 

T. S|nin L e 

T. Asialie Turkey O e 

Dm. Algiers .M c 

T. iSoudan^ N g 

i. 'M:uitehooria . . 'T d 
Pr. Asiatic UuMiiia S c 
R. j.\iii%tic Ruvhia. Te 
R. |.-\Ni'.itie Rusrtia. W b 

I. Indian <kx*an . O j 
T. Brazil Ij 

II. 'Afriea Kg 



Angers Vy* ' KraucH.* 'I. li 

Anglcsea 'I. 'Kiit;iand |L v 

Angola |( 't y. Africa !N i 

Angola I ■^(. .Africa !M i 

Angora (*y. |AMiatic Turkey O e 

Angornow T. -Snudan lM g 

Ang<Nitura ( 'y. Viiiizuila .... ill h 

Aneoti; 'Dh.i At)V!•^illla i^ s 

Antruiir I. !*i.lviii-«<i.i Th 



Angoza 

Angra 

Angra 

Angra 

Angra dc St Am- 
brosia 

Angra Juntas . . . 

Angra Po(]uina . 

Angria^s 

Anguijan 

Anguilla 

! Anguilla 

i Anguilla 

I An*tBemlnirg2-J 
i AnhaltCx>thcn:21 
JAnhalt Dessau 3U 

' Anholt 

: Anikoro 

Aniuy 

Aniwa 

Anjicr 

Ankapilly 

Ankenes 

Ankober 

^Vflia •■■•■••••• 

Annaa 

Annabaloo 

Anna de diavcs 

Annndia 

Aniianiooka .. . . 

Annapa 

AnnafmliH 

Anna's 

Annatom 

Anne. 

Annnbon 

.\niiolion 

Ann's 

Aniiuneistion. . . 

Annunciation. . . 

Annunciation . . . 

Anok 

. Anonca 

I Anquilla 

: Anson 

.\nMin*s 

Ansvig 

I Antsder 

.\ntalo 

' .Antas 

I .-Antrnego 

I Anthony 

I AntiU'4 

I AutictwU 

Antigua 

Antiorh 

Anti|iodes 

.\nti<Mpiia 

Ant«in (iiU 

Antonio Viana. . 



Dis 
Bay 
I. 
R. 

Bay 

Bay 

Bay 

Bk. 

I. 

C. 

I. 

I. 

D. 

D. 

D. 

I. 

T. 

R. 

Bay 

C. 

T. 

r. 

T. 

T. 

C. 

I. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

1. 

R. 

T. 

Bay 

I.' 

V. 

r. 

I. 

I. 

c. 

1. 

Sir. 

1. 

R. 

I. 

Biy 

Arc. 

T. 

C. 

T. 

R. 

Vil. 

R. 

T. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

r. 

Ba\ 



Mozambique 

Africa 

Azores ... . 
Abyssinia .. . 



Oi 

Kf 

Ke 

Mb 



'Nk 
Nk 

Id 

IgT 

Mc 
Mc 



t'c 
Wb 



Africa.. . 

Africa 

Africa 

Asia 

Polynesia ... 
Newfoundland. II d 
West Indies... H 
Baliamas . . . 

Germany ^M c 

Germany ... 
Germany • • 

Denmark 'M c 

Asiatic Russia 
Asiatic Russia 

Seghalien iV d 

Seghalien |Vd 

Java !Ti 

llindoostan . . . jR g 

Norway iN b 

.\byssinia lO b 

Massaehuvctts . IH d 

Polynesia |C i 

Sumatra :S li 

St Thomas's I.'.M h 

Brazil II j 

Polynesia Ia k 

Brazil <1 i 

Nova Scotia .. . H d 
New Zealand. . X ra 
.\u»trulasia . . . . iX k 
Knderby'a Ld. JF o 
Annolion I. . . .'M i 
.*siuth( rn Oeean .M i 

Polym ^ia '^ S 

ANiatie RuHNi.t ,V a 
Indian (h*iMn P i 
.\iiiiitic Ru?«»ia jV n 
North .Anirrieii A v 
Ahialie Russia \ b 

Baiiaiuas !■ f 

.New IliiUand I' j 

PolyneMa !W f 

.Norway .Mb 

RiiNMia O d 

.Vbv^Mnia 1) g 

Br.ml Ik 

Mexir K r 

.Muzaintiii{Ui' • '.^^ J 

Kranrr M d 

Nuilh .AuK-riea II d 
West Indies. . . II g 

Syria ;c» e 

AuHiralabia ... .^X m 
New (in-iiada . II h 
jMnd.i{;.ifrar ... 1* j 
IS-iitli«Tn (Irian M j 



COnsVLTniG INDEX. 




16 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Aflbcn 

Ascension 

Ascension 

Aselc 

Aslitngee 

Ashangco 

Ashaiitee 

Ashraff 

Ashtola 

Afli« Minor . . . 

Aiinaim 

Atkcraund .... 

Askow 

Asouda 

Asplandi 

AsMiin 

Asscan 

ABsccrfrur .... 
Assctt* Kftra . . 

Asaicu 

AsNtnco 

Asaiiiiboia .... 
Assiiiiboinc . . . 
AMiniboincfl ... 

Assouan 

AsBuay 

Assumpcsm ... 
AMumpcao. 



CiMl. 



AssumpcioD .< 
Assumption . , 
Astara 



Africa 

Mexico 

Southern Ocean 

Sweden 

Abyssinia. . . . 
Abyssinia .... 

Guinea 

Persia 

Belpochistan . 
Asiatic 7'urkey 
Mcditcrran. Sea 

Sweden 

Brit America 

Africa 

SouUi Slictland 
Ilindoostan . . . 
Brit. America 
Hindoostan . . . 

Japan 

Atrica 

Guinea 

•Brit. America • 

Brit. America . 

,Brit America . 



T. 
Bay 

1. 

T. 

T. 

L. 

Cty. 

T. 

I. 

Cty. 

A/ 

T. 

R. 

T. 

I. 

Cty. 

Lit 

T. 
I. 

T. 

R. 

Set 

R. 

Tr. 

T. 

DepjEquador Ill i 



Ue 






T. 
T. 



Brazil 

Brazil 



i I 

Ji 



Assumpcion .... Cy. 'Paraguay Ik 



i. jPulyncsia ]V g 

1. .Indian Ocean ..jP i 
T. Persia 'P o 



Astoria IVu jOrecon Tcr.. . . |D d 

Astovo I. Inflan Ocean . -P j 

Astrabad Pr. Pcrvia |P e 

T. jPcrMa Pc 

Pr. <Ai<iatic Rnuia -P d 
Cy. lAxiatic Ruimia.P d 



AsUirga jCy. ^Spain L 



Astrabad 
Astrachan . 
Ast radian 
Astronomical Soc 

Atakenibo 

Atbara 

Atbara 

Atcha 

Atchafalaya .... 

Atchlnik 

Aichipov 

Atfieh 

AthabaHca iDis. Brit Aim-rica 

Athabasca |!^ Brit America . 

Athabosca jR. Brit Aini-rica . 

: AtlialKisca iFt < >rr|;on Tvr. .. . 



Is. -Brit. America F d 

I. , Polynesia { A j 

Dis. Nubia () g 

T. .Nubia "Og 

I. North America 'A e 

Ray Louiniana Ft* 

T. Asiatic Rusvia. S c 
T. Asiatic Russia iQ b 



T. ,Egjirt 



AtiiirnN 
Atlinm 
Alhloih' 
Aihol.. 
Ath<il . 
Atico. ■ 



'.'.'}t^' 



. T. 

It. 



AtJkaii I. 

Atkarsk T. 

AlliK iMi- 



Circrce 

Griircia 

In-Liiid 

Brit. Aim rit-a . 
Brit. Aiiu-rii'a . 
.*^Hith Pi ru . . . 
AMntic RuMiia 

Ru»>«>a 

Mfr'icro 



of Ibeeiiac. 



I. 

c. 



1! 



Of 
F. c 
Kc 
Kc 
Ki: 
\e 
tic 
I. c 
Ha 
Fn 

»J 

\Vh 

Oc 
I.c 



Atol Adomatiii. . 
Atol NalosMadoa 

Atooi 

Atorka 

Atoupinskoi .... 
Ataliwahpiskan . 

Att|lBS.. . .s • . . • 

Attnas 

Attock 

Attoo 

Attnick 

Attuic 

Atui 

Auckland 

Aucutta 

Audicmc 

Augsburg 

Augueltt 

Augusta 

Augusta 

AugUHta 

/mUias ••.••...■ 

Aur 

Aurillac 

Aurora 

Aurungabad .... 
Aurungabad .... 

AuHtral 

AuKtralaisia 

Australia 

Australia del Ks- 
piriiu Santo 

AuRtria 

Autridgc 

Auz Cuycs . . . 

Auxerrc 

Ava 

Avamska .... 
Avanteon .... 

Aveiro 

Avcini 

AvcrelU 

Aves 

Avignon 

/Vviia ...••• ■ . 
^kviies ••■••■. 

Aviuf ift' 

AviktivaUc . . . 

Awa 

^&wa .••.■••• 

Awadiii jl. 

Awatska Bav 



R. 

Tr. lOrcgon Tcr. .. . 



CUa. 



1. 
I. 



Maldives 

Maldives 

I. iBondwich Is. . . 

Knrile Is. 

Asiatic Kussia 
Brit America • 



Vil. 

Cy. 

I. 

R. 

T. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

Bay 

§?• 

Cy. 

Cy. 

.^•t. 

T. 

I. 

T. 

I. 

Pr. 

Ih. 

Div. 

I. 



I. 

Rm. 

liay 

T. 

Cy. 

Tr. 

T. 

T. 

C. 

I. 



r. 

T. 

c. 
I. 

T. 



Alar 

Azuni .... 
Ayarufho. 
Ayaiut-ho. 

A van 

.Aylnirr. . . 
Aypiiri- 

.\vr, Nurth- 



■•■ ■•••• 



Oregon Tcr. . . . 
Hiuduostan . . . 
Aleout Arc. . . . 

Persia 

Arabia 

Polynesia 

Australasia.. . . 

Asia 

Kerguilen*s Ld 

Biivaria 

Barca 

Georgia 

Maine 

New Holland 

Arabia 

Polynesia 

France 

Australasia .... 
HindooKtan . . . 
HindocNitan . . . 

Polynesia 

Oceanica 

•Australasia ... . 



Aui>tralasia . . 

Euro|ie 

Brit America • 

Hajti 

France 

Biraiah 

Ahiulic RusMia 

Ptru 

Brazil 

Pordi^yal 

i'<K-liiii I'liina . 

Wl>t llldirii. . . 

Fraucv 

S|>u>n 

Soain 

.North AiiKTica 

i )rtgi>n Tcr. . . 

Ja|»aii 

Spain 

JajKin 

Asialii* RusMa 

Fd. Irt land 

T. AbysMiiia 

llt'pjSdiilii W ru .. . . 
T. iSiiiiih }*' ru., . . 

T. Araln.i 

I.. Bnt. AiiK-rica . 

T. Sumatra 

r. ."^..iland 

Ih;*. Nurtii Anunca 



('ON^IJLTINU l.\Ut:X. 



AJUn 



[lalii& I'r. iIlraTil 

Ilaliia Vy. Uruil 

Siniai> ill}' !BniJI 

BiJiia du ']'.«lu.<: ' 

SunliiH jlh)' nwmiis Ayrcs , 

ilnliia liMiidi* . . Ikiy I'aunMiia 



. . . . l\t. Nul 



IbihrrlAI'iad.. 



.1. 



Afnr 



.T. IVr-i..... 

r. --....daii.. 
. Htv Itrir. .\ii» 

I. ,H.liv.ii 
.,1. 'IM>r..M.. 
.Sir. AlrV.... 

, '. r. \i.M..|,. , 

. Kl lint. Aii» 



ILilitil 

llilir Ii<ill3 It. Suud;in.. 

Itilir Mill If. '.<.Hid..u.. 

rimk 1 U A-r.ii.' Hi 

I ll^m It Ilril. Aint 

Ibilii.-3 U. Ilril. Am.' 

Au'lria., 



. ih} 



\.ui . 



IUcai.l> .... 


r. 


ibcrix .... 


!■. 


ILiruirNi ... 


, ■!■. 


Bidisry 


.. r. 




..(.V 


BidBk.(.ii. . . 




Bidik*:..iu . . 


, i'. 


BvUi'iauic-. 


. .T. 







; ibiiBu. .. . 

n.kr Kd. Ir.-I.iii.l 

11.1,1 r 1. BriL .\in<Ti<'.i 

llikir'' [. Hril.Aimm'ii 

ll^k.r-.. .1. P*l:iK'.i.i.i ... 

Ban-T's L. Brit. AmiTita 

Ifcil,l,l.tMn I.. 'IVi>.i 

. Il..kliij,r,ut -J'. Ilii-u 

lk.hM. II. .\y\:>W li<ir.i, 

V.MvK-.'-.i I'l. Asi.,i:c i:ii-i. 

I!ik..ii T. Afinlir Turki 

IWr:.i T. ArnUil 

I i;..l..l...' I. .Molflv^u .... 

Ii.lu:;.-.i-pi I't. Miiid'..iB., ... 

Il.l..l.l.r..i T. B'li-ia 

l;.:l.i ^t.i-^u... I. ,.Ma].ii>i] ... 

ii'i.-].' r. nind:.».tr„] .. 

Hnl.! T. It.]-M4 



Bidir 

Birp.'udy . 
BUili ... 
Binl.ii>... 



Ihhir 

Bihirn-tirca 
Riliiit'iil|nir 



.,Bay,<irr>nbii.l 
.It. HriLAmir 
ll. llril.Ain.-r 
ilhr UiiKl..>ia.i 1 
T. ,A..i-.lu- )ti> 



(ll. w.Mii,o.-...i;i- 
n,. AVc-tii,.!, .>.... ;>• 
.Bh.!w<.'[iii.i>.>..,Kr 
■Vf. nuou^^uu ... It r 
Cr. Il>i>.l..«tii> ... It r , 
■IV. Arri.'a .\k : 

't. ,iiin.k.^ii.ii . .ui- ; 



lA.,v,: ,r 


;!. 


Lililc l!ii.'] 


-ila,K 






."yr ... .... 


....u 


1.1.1 


r. 




■:■¥ 






.Vi.rll. Am. 




I.'.-, 




;.M. .iil. rr... 


SjI,, 






.V>i. 

I'l r-M .. . 


... R 






\<.rll, Ai.l. 








,iL,l:i,'.... 


. <:„ 






.V..rt!i Aril 




i.CiM. 


a. 


T«rU.r* . . 


. . . 1* . 


iji:i.iii 

I..!^]. 


.M' 


T..,;..'y.. 


. . . -N d 


ij!',---'.--..'.'; 

:.,i)i!..r,i .... 


I. 

T. 


M„l,s„., . 
Atr..'i.... 


.. 'T 

... N 


u'-iiH*. .'.'..'. 


I". 


iiM.'.:.... 


...11 


















U.l..Mi.r.- 




.Mirtluid. 


...,u 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Boltimoro .. 
Bjlugo . . . . 
Bamba . . . . 

Iit.ta\icrg . . 

Bimbouk . '. 
Bambouk . . 

Banioo .... 

Ilamploa's . 
Baniptoti'i . 

BvuU 

Bindii 

aiTidi 

Ouirr 

Bangar . . . . 
B4usur... 
ftiniurv . . 
Baniw-rilo . 
Buikok... 
Bankolo . . 

BlDkH' . . . 

Bink«' ... 
Dank>' . . ■ 
Binka' ... 
n.nk»' ... 
Bulk-' . . 

Bumiiala .. 
Bjaliun... 
BanlDiigiui 
Binlrj . . . 
Uaralfinik , . 

Binkik .'. 

BanliM.. 

Banlaria. 

IkrlnikM'i. 
BubiU . . 
Rjrburt. . 
Kirbu; .. 

Ihrlicli . . . 
Itirbiula .. 
Birbud-M . 



p. Aftici 

r. Bavnrii 

;. Scncgambia . . ■ 
ScnDgamtaa .. . 
Tutu J 

r. Birmah 

Anslnluim . . . 
L. AiMnloaiu.. 



■LC 



Miiliif«ia 
AAicM.... 

Malajaia 

[t. ;Scotlaild 'Lr. 

T. Ilindan^tan ...illir 

T. |Arn™ |Li; 

L ..Halnyfii [- i 

Cy. Mail 



'llin(kiurt:ui . ■ .'4 «; 
DajrjflriL ATiiirics '<ia 
L OrrpHiTL-r.... IJc 
. I Auirtrali.il ...IXj 
< Rr. Ami rat J til . . .iV in 
iMurlh ArnvriiuCi: 
N-'wZcaIai>.I.. \in 
K. illinduwUii ... Rf 
jBraul . 



r. ij« 



iljy.iii 



|Scn.-B.i, 



.n- ii 



..n-i 



r. iyctan 'sir 

T. AaulicRiuan '.V b 

T. aiiii Ilk 

i'- lAnnlie Ruvji IVf i 

Bfjr lAuitiina FT 

'.Vi!W <frfn«ili .;(■ h 
Piilynrdi .\ h 



kVrrt Indim .. 



I. I 

It. i 

r. Librri 

[Iy-'V(KP« 

'■■ 'Aftira 

AfKca 

WnLlodin.. 

'Tt. fVni 

.lli,VttHa . 

'lV--llir.-» Vc ' lln> 



Ibicclto • . ■ . 
lkirci-loi» .. . 

Barclay..., 
Dareiliy.... 
lUrciiU.... 
Bjr^^uiiiiliii 
Bjrcousin. . 
BarBOUsiH . 

It4ti 

Biirica 

lUring',... 
Ibrins's . . . 
Barli^tla ■ . . 
IbrnBuIc .. . 
BartwFit.. • 
Haroda .... 
IUn>1iin|;i>.. 

Itarr 

liarra 

ftim 

Itarrad .... 
Ibrra (Iv .\u 

ibrn-n .... 
Iljrttn .... 
' Oarrvn .... 

Uinwt '..'.'. 
. Barnina . . . 

• llarri|iun: ■ . 

Ilarniv 

I Harrow.... 

Ihrmni '. '. '. 

IIUTuLl.... 

. ilanMi.... 
Bano 

' Bartri-M '. '. 

Dunnjnki .. 

Ilarx II .... 

Iljnuuf:a . . 

Hiuli 

naiFbkini. . 
' lliahn .... 

IllRllU .... 

Buhl 

Ibnikaiu . . 

; iiuii 

iHaiilllitU 
' 1L» Miiul . 
ILiikil t'.>t . 




lUy of Ik'Dcul. --^C 
lMadns,,-.rar...Oj 
lAiLilmkHia.... V m 
lAiuln>la.».... X I 
Rf. '.\uitralam.... Vj 

a ^iuia™ ri! 

•^ Uracil Jj 

IIind.»..lBii ... It f 
Ittil. AriiiMra . Kl 
Nurlli Ar...rir.: II j 



.Mj.I 

Au>lnilaMA 



Ikirni 



. Tk 



. . T I, 
ia. I* <1 



Aii>lnL>ia....'Xj 

Trlp..ii '.'..'..'.'. 

Riu^ia 

.^Iali>yr.ia 

^nri^iiili* .. ■ 



fcyjlWa... 
L Malit>i.i 
Bay 'Dri I. A 1.11 
llu-JHiit. Ai.i- 



.Ph 



CU.N^ULTINU I.NDLX. 



— ;.-l 



£i i fc— ft^^ U. 



. \.'it'ri.n'uli,-* . 



IIu.«<1cIihIm. Kk«'lniliiii{)u<Mu..ilJk II.'U 

IU~rii l"y. 'airiiiih ;■ 

liiaiLvu 'r. llitidiniitui .,.'t 

iiuui i-J. .C'«.iet 

Iliui-ua T. 'I'utKi 4 

HiUi:m,-ui T- 'SaiiurMand..'! 

tbtaii;[4 >•■ iHivul'Jbnj^l.) 

lUUiiU I"- -'kUhTiu !l 

fl.Utu ^v. JjTi 

lUlehua I. rM^ljT.in ... .'1 

llilirinui Itiv Ni-irK Wali'H.Ini Ib-nttr.. 

Il.to. 111.' OnifM'Tir... .He Ifcaur ., 

lUU-xillr T. .\(baiu,i 'i' e Ilcinr . . 

Ihlh I'v- It'^nifliiKt 1. c li. airr .. 

Ihlh T. T.i,» Kc I Ikaur.. 

Ikibui-i T. 'CRp.. I ■„[..»?.. M M-nnr., 

Bilhurrl T. ,N. Dranonick . II tt llr^vi-r I 

IUU.iinl T. 'Si-iu'c:Mi>l>ia ... tig IIi-Ih ' ■ ' 

IliUtunt T. -\i-«rS.\Val.-i. Vl I Ihliij.n 

blliuril *'. Hril. .\iri. 



[iRcnUDd . 
I' irux 

ii.-mrL.ku K "" ■ 

lt.-.U II. 

tbaiu-lH-ncCiiyual. 

iHt-'wifcrt IT. 

IhMulbn T. 

lkMI&*t 'II 

Ikaiilnrl C. 

Ifciiif-rt v. 

If-'-"",. O 



H'*.dIiidi..>...,HE 
SoDtheraOcNiiln 
Horth CmJiu U c 

[■ipety«iy_..IXl 



BriLAiuvi 
Brit. Aiwi 



:Jiii.' 



.Tr. Afrii-i 
. '1'. 



H4l>|<bU< 
lUluuio .. 

OtUlc 

RllllL- . . . 
ILllliralr.- 

Ililtr .MJi 



l.>.bM iBkK Tdvnc.i> 

BaiM do* Abml.! | 

hoa Hk> ^irJi Amrrica 

fltjta rr. IBriiil 

" 'Indian Derail . 

Vnntv 

New Urrmda 
AaUlic Riwiia 
Mimnibiquc ■ 

Tripcili '.'.'..'.'. 
Ptltlpma ■ . ■ 
Kngl*nd 



; Ik'd.'karfi'... 

{ Ikdiur.! \U\ llrit. Aniir 

! IbJi;^ Hi', lint. AllKT. 

, U'diiMiu I'v. l|iii>i>,o.uii 

Kii.ll tL lint. Aiiii'i: 

Kcrtu'.im r. .\j,n 

Ik-diiiit I. >\iMrjLi>ia 



Ibtn 



-. .Mri.-. 
llrik 



. r. 



:J 



" ■)■'«>" 

ti-r™ 

BajxIaUkoi . . 
BiutoiiU 



.>ilr- WLAnii''"''- ■ 
,.'tt.y \,.i(I, AiiK.. _ 
. I. |Aiii.ilii; Kuwii Ix c 
. Sra.'Nonli Ann nca A if 
.T. [||,lK»rh»tan . 
. K. Anulk Ilui'.aa Ir c 



vi 



<■ 1IU.KU 



lk'].-ll 



- ,■■'- 



li.-lki.'ui 'K. |H.iiiE<']ia.. 

' Ibiqiv 1. \\Ynt liidin 

, Ik-JB Dii.,.Vuhi» 

Rrjapiinr Pr. fdii 

W-i™' »■ '•■■ 

Bi-japire T. 

B.ia ;r. 

K.luu»h !Hn< 

< UrlaapoK 'T. 

'n-ll-U |T. 

Ik'li-lffr'* I*. 

Iklcm T. 



■\»K 



Aiiatic Riuaia.4 

Barca 

Ilindooriaji ... 

►«rpt 

liiiU America . 
UiKTUM Ajrea . 

STriB 

liaitio 



ao 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



hi 



I of naeai^Ac. 



UclfiUit 

j l].l^diiin . : 

Ik-lg^radc . . . 

Ik>lgiiim . . . 
■ lk>licbei . . . 

Ik'lid 

i>t!ii ■■••••• 

Bell 

Ik-IUry .... 
!»cllti 

fkllc 

Ik.>llo Irilo . . 

Ik'lloiia .... 

K-'lIoiid. . . . 

Rt'lliiifrshauacii 

Ik'lluno. .. 

lk;liiioiitti . 

lk>lo(-lian. .. 
I Ikluiarskaya 

Iiulooclii^taii 

Ik'lMham .. . 

IV'llyri .... 

lk:liitri'iko<<c 

Ik-lur 'V»g\i 

Bcinurivu . . 

Ikmba 

; Rembarouglic 
' Ik'niini .... 

IkiimrcB . . . 

Hcncii 

IfencouK'ii . . 

Bcncfionat . 

fk*nda 

Ri!ni](.T .... 

Bendlot'H . . . 
! Bcncveiito . 

Beni^al .... 

Hengazi . . . 

Rcngucla . . 

Reni 

Bcnialibis . . 

Ileni (jwarid 

Rcuin 

lienin 

Ucnin 

Oeniulri'd . . 

BcDiSuhcd. 

Reni Sliabrr 

Rcniaouet' . . 

Bt*njar Mawiri 

Bcnjar MoMin 

HunoM'iii .... 

Uentiik 

Ik>ntinck.. . . 

RcquiA 

liOFA ...... • 

. Iferabzui . . . 

II llrrar 

k*rniva 

Vrl'ii r 

icrbiL''- 



Cbw. 



T. 

T. 

km. 

•r. 
r. 

.IR. 
.!So. 

•i\ 

I. 

f. 

Sir. 

I. 

Sb. 

I. 

r. 

!T. 
T. 
V. 



FmIImm. 



RrL 



Ireland L c 

IliiidouMtin • . • Q gf 
Aaiatic Turkey N d 

CurufM; Mc 

AiiiatJc Jlumiia. P c 

.Morocco Is c 

Spithbvr^^cn ... .Ma 
SpitsbiTCL'ii ... .Ma 
ninduoHUin . . .Ji ^ 

I Franc*: ! I« d 

Ifiabrador '1 c 

Labradiir I c 

.\uMlrul4sia . . jW j 
AuHtruUiBia . . . 'W k 
PolyiicBJa n j 



Nuaci cf rtiTH, Ac. 



•rtalv 



Md 



Ufa/.ll J j 

.V.HUtic KuHhiii U a 
ANiatic KuMMa. S c 

Cty. Asia 'Q t' 

. <'. Kk:pliant I>land,I o 
.'Tr. !.\9>iuii(- Uiuisiu.-R c 
.T. i Vsi:itic Kii»sia.li'd 
Mu'l'ittli; Riicliaria'Q G 
. .R. iMad.ig.iscar. . .iP j 

.'Pr. iRcnijuiIa iN j 

.:R. lAtVi.a '.M j 

;Ih. iltatiBiiias jG t' 



.;('y. lliiido<ii4tun . . .!R t' 
.'I. ■.\u^lraI:i^ia... .|X 111 

r. |Suiii:i(ra IS i 

T. kiiiiilra |Si 

Diif. 'Arnca N li 

T. Kii^M» Xd 

I. l<i-Ail.i|»n{^iM .... (J j 

T. Mr.i/il J k 

Pr. lli:id'io<(tan . . . R f' 

r. RjrcM Nr 

Ctv. AtViL.i 1'^' j 

R; .li.livia !|Ij 

T. Trii-oli '.Mc 

T. TriiJuii ]Mi- 

Cly. (•uiiica i.M h 

T. jGuiiiLd :.M U 

. H|;t. (■iiiiici '.^l h 

. jT. iTri|iiiIi M L' 

.iTr. :S4li.ira .Ml' 

.iTr. lArahia Or 

.rr. i^tfypi jH- 

. IT. ,RuriitMj T I 

.-R. jUurriro T i 

. It. j.AtVira I. fr 

. jT. {Tartar V 1 j d 

.il. Xf.\ S. \Va!'-i« . V j 

.ll. \Vt<vl lliK.ril. . . II U' 

.iR. A>ii.itii- KiH'^i.i. k I- 
. !•. Hn:. \:,\, ikm . I-' ii 
. Pr. iliii>:i.<i<'..:ii . . . R f 

.,T. I \'ru.t (I ll 

. I ' -.. I III:. 1.1 • I ll 

. ll. •.•::il.i Ml 



Ridg 



Ik^rbora.. . . 
Ik;rbora.. . . 

Ik'rdai 

lk*rdoa .... 

ljuri>c}ini(rli 

Hcrendiiittkoi 
IkTtiiit .... 
Ik'rrxiif .... 

JkTl'SOUskoi 

Ik:rcsov. . . . 
Ik'ri-NoVtfkav 

Ikrs '. 

Ik'r^aiiKki .. 
IkT^'f-n .... 
IkTf(i.-ii .... 
lU'T^vn .... 

IkT^ll'ii. . . . 
l«(T^O(> .... 

Ik-riifaii . . . 

Ik-rkklcyV 

Iferkck-y 

Ik-rliii 

Bcrliiipas . . 
IkTin«-j:i . . . 
Ik:riiiuda«. . 
Ikrnardin. . 

Rcriic 

RcTiicra .... 
Ik'n.ifr .... 
Ik'riiicr .... 
IfcriiizLt . . . 

Ikrou 

IkroM 

IkrU-la .... 
Ik-rwick . . . 
Ik>aani;(iii . . 
Ik'bcar:!.. . . 
Ib'srlia .... 
licbljakhskui 
Ik'Ksarabi.'i . 
Ik^Biiahlad . . 
Ik-iiyiiiiuiiiioi 
Ik-tii:iiiv . . . 
Iktht U'diirf. 
Ik-tlili li< III . 

Ifa'tlrll 

IktKll 

R«>lrj.;.-ir . . 
R(-iidi*(.iii' .. 
ikvi ni]|;i' .. 
\U'\. rliy .. . 

IN'Vll 

I'ryriiul.. . . 
Kilt riiii;*ri 
lili<...| 

n>l-|>al 

I*l] ,1 Itllf 

IwillSln • r . . . 
Ithuitj .r«-. . . 

lui 

lliitr.! 



(.la 



I "ty. Africa 



J', .\irica 

r. 'i'iUhly 

Cty. Africa 

(.*. Afiiatic RuMia. 
T. Aaiatic Ruitsia. 
R. RriL America . 
Ilu. :Rrit America . 
It. j.\hiatic Russia. 
T. ! Asiatic Rus>ia. 
T. .Vfiatir Rus^ia. 
I. .Nova Zi- 1 11 Ilia. . 
T. .Vsiatic Turkey 

Div. Norway 

jCy. I Norway 

1. •.M.iLiy»ia ... . 
(■r. iPiiIviu'wia 



'I'r. 

T. 

Cv. 

!'l'. 



Cty. Africa 

T. iliurliary 

.S). iFulkLiid liP.. . . 
..Mts. New S. \VaK-5» . 

'•{'y. TruMtia 

|l.>'. Portusal 

if. I Mexico 

Is. JAlIaiitic Oee;iii 
!<', 'New Zealand. . 
|i*y. Snit/uTlaiid . . . 

, il. Scutlaiid 

, 1('. |Niw Holland.. 
, Jlrt. Aii)(traJuhia.. . . 
, !Pk. .Mantehooria . . 

jCty. Africa 

, I. ,Mal.'iy>ia .... 

'.\fri''a 

S«-4.l]aijd 

t'ruiifv 

IKirb.iry 

■.Ml>. ."N.itiiL'ari-i 

'V. ' V^iulir liiitMu. 

'Pr. Ruam.i 

|T. Iielaiid 

IT. |Rii-id 

■Sia. .Vlrica 

T. '"iijK- Coliiiiy . . 

Svru 

Mr&i<'<i 

ISiii'iiuM Ayrist . 

Asia 

( < li;^ 

PolWK -«1J 

N- ,\ ||.ii..l|il. . 
'I* 

1 1 .\a.- 

Svri.i 

\*-iul.' I>iiH.<tia. 

Illlll!l>||^l,ilk . . . 

I li{it:i«">i .11 . . . 

Mil. ill. t.iii . . . 

Mii.ii>>i.>t..ii . . . 

II:it<!«H-r I ill ... 

\«1 .l.i Kll-M.l . 

\ .'i*' I 



I « 

: r. 
r. 
I. 

Pr. 
=.S|,. 

T. 
T. 

r. 

! '\. 
1. 
I 

T. 
U. 

i • . 



■X I' 
Xf 
Va 

Tb 
Fc 
Fc 
\b 

Qb 

Qt 

Pa 

Xc 

Mb 

.M b 

Si 

\Vh 

NP 
Mc 

In 

VI 

Mc 

I.e 

Ff 

He 

Xm 

Md 

Lc 

Vt 

Vd 
Si 

Ph 

he 
Md 
M e 

Rd 
lb 
X d 
K b I 
Ph 
X k 
N 1 ' 

I : f ' 
Ilk 

Xi 

■I 

A J 

Tl 
Fc 
*U 

Xc 

K|- 

Qf ' 
U f 
|{ I 
M b 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Ci 



CViuniry 

IIindocMtUn •. . 

Chili 

RuMia < 

MiMouri Tcr. 

Kuwia 

RuBfti^ 

RuMia 

RuiMia 

Asiatic Ruwia 

RuMia 

Karskoc Sea . 
iRuMia 



Biafn Bft, 

Bieanoer Cy. 

BichaqiiDn R. 

Ricley T. 

Biddio L. 

Bitfbjra R. 

Bid L. 

Bifiey T. 

IBiclfforod T. 

Bielkov |l. 

Rido iL. 

Bidoi 1. 

Bidorodak |T. 

Bidoienk iT. 'Ru<»U !() b 



Bidak 
Biff.. 
iBic.. 
Bi».. 
Bif llom 



.R. 



ItH. 

mT 

Of 

III 

Oc 
Ed 
Pc 
Oc 
Oc 
be 
■Va 

!od 



aiw 



Rirthop and Ckrk 

Uijiho|i*a 

Bitkaia 

BisHafroa 

■ Bisaon 

Bintraia 

Riltrr 

B^zcrta 

Bjomcborf .. .5. 

Bjorncborp 

Black 



Ruaaia \S c 

Brit. America Mi c 
Brit America 
■ Brit America 
iMiaaoiiri Tcr. 



I Bilbao iCj. .Spa'in 



Bif I«ake |II& ;Biit America 

1 Bi|r Btono 
Biiak.... 
Bijar 



!«. iWittConsin Ter, 
T. I Asiatic Kuiaia 
la. Pdviicftia 



i>c 
Kb 
Kd 
He 
Kd 



Black 

Black 

lUack 

i Black 

I Black 

BUck 

- Black 

; Black 

I Black 

Bhck 



R c 1 Black 
Ld 



Billinicbauaen 
Billitou . 
Billitim . 
BcllijarU 
Bilmah. 
Bilmah . 



• • • • . 



. HJ. Seffhalicn iV d 

I. jMAlavHia =T i 

SU. 'Mabyaia IT i 

I. Pi>niiaiiGull*..ipr 

iCty.: Africa \M g 

Dca.JAfrira 'M |f 



. Bilmah jT. {Africa .M |r 



I Bikwikaya 
I BineicuTa 
I Binjvbara 

Biot 

Bir 

Bird .... 

Bird ... . 

BinTa... 



T. Asiatic Ruwiit.Tb 
T. Asiatic Kiuwia.'S c 



T. Frnan M f 

('. Scnn.*abv*s I^. K a 
T. Aaiatic'TurkeyOe 

I. Polynesia (!j 

la. Southern Occnnlj m 
la. Indian Ocean .'P i 

Bird** jla. ;N. Pacific Oc .B f 

Bird's jla. PdvncKia V ir 

Bird-a jla. M»iayaia iTg 

Bifdatail Ft Brit Ami.rica .'V e 

Bir d MaUia . . . Hta. Africa >N ir 

Biri T. Norway 'M b 

BirU T. BrnaiR'U Nj 

Rirife -R. .IVmijl'o .Mi 

Biriousa iR. ' Asiitic Rusvia 'H e 

Bimiih lEm.' Asia S f 

Bir Mtfsaffnen .ISla. Africa |M f 

Birmiiixbaoi . . . T. England \Le 

Birniti*a ,1. Pclvucsia A i 



CliM. 

u" 

I. 

T. 

U 

C. 

R. 

R. 

r. 

Pr. 

r. 

Sea 

R. 

R. 

R. 

Bay 

is. 

.Mt 

Ld. 

Pt 

Pt 

Pt 

Ilk. 

BL 

II. 

L 

Tr. 

R. 

Mt 

C. 

Tr. 

Is, 

I. 

Bay 
Mt. 
I. 

r. 



J!! 



Birofitchia K*. 

Bir QuiUin ;Sia. 

Bifjk <>. 



TarUry 
Afrira.. 



Pd 
.Mf 



Rawia P c 



: Birtrrbay Bir Inland jLc 



I 



Biaaniff . . . 

Biaeay 

Biseot**a Ranfc 
Bidiara Taib . 
Bifb!i>ik 



T. Mexico Ke 

Ray Europe L d 

I. S.PacificOc.. Ilo 

r. n^rfur .Vp 

Ft .Tirtirv P d 



Black 

Black 

Black Bt*ur... 

Blackfbot Indiana 

Bhckfimt 

Black llarutali. . 

Black Hook . . . 

Black Mongols 

Hlackwatcr.. .. 

Blair*s 

Blako 

Blanc 

Blanci 

; Blanco 

' Blanco |C 

Bl.inco 

Blanco 

Blanco 

Waniy'a 

I BUve 

I Blfd el Jrrid . . 
' BU-d Filldy . . . 

Bliffh's Cap ... 

Bli|fh*s l^ifoon 

Blois 

Blnndela 

Blond Indians . 

Blood V Farlaiid 

Bloudfiaia 

Hlount\ilk* 

niuc •••>••••. 

Bliio 

j Blur 

liliie !Ml<<. 

Blue Hill. 

Bliiefitlds R. 

Bliie MuH... 



Australasia . . . W n 

Pdyncsia X i 

Aaiatic Russia. H c 
Scne^anibia ,. . Kg 
Brit America . 11 b 
Asiatic Ruasia T c 
Cape C dooy . . N I 

Tunis Me 

Russia N b 

Russia N b 

Europe |Od 

Asiatic Russia. S c 
Wis<*onsin Tcr.lF d 
Missouri Tor. . F d 

Ijabrador I o 

Brit Americm . £ e 

Africa JLf 

Greenland ... .11 a 

China IT f 

Arabia |P g 

Nova ZcmbIa P a 
Greenland .... la 
Brit. America . f I g 
Missouri Ter. .jEd 
Brit America .'E e 
Brit America . 'E e 
Ore|ronTir....;Ed 

Africa 'Nf 

Suitsberf^n . . . 'M a 

Mon^dia T d 

Brit America .jD b 
Brit America .|Fa 
Brit America . G b 



C. 
C 
C. 
I. 
T. 
Dia. 
Iha. 
\C, 
I. 

<y 
I. 

Tr. 

Pt 

R. 

T. 

R. 



lUly Md 

Venexoda 11 f 

OrrponTer.... Dd 

Morocco jLo 

.Africa iKf 

Peru... iGi 

Patagonia .... Ill id 

Pdym^sia IX i 

France 'L d 

Barbary L e 

Bsrbary |L c 






Btiie Nose K^ 

Bnjtijnif 



Krrfnx^^'l'end Q m 

Polynesia |l* k 

France 'M d 

Mantrhonria . . V d 
Brit America . E e 

Iri'Iand L e 

.yUtic Russia jW b 
riiiiiessce . . . . !G e 

Aby«^inia ,0 g 

Mt«.,Moii:rnli.-i jR e 

Mt5. L'nitfvl .<tatr« .. O e 
New S. Wnlirs . V I 
Brit. Anifriira . K a 
(■uatemnU .. . .'C> g 
NrwS.\Vdea.iVj 

RniKin .Ob 

T. t/ambodia Sm 



Bay 



CONSULTpjC IND£X 



BoavisM . . 
BoatiiU • . 
Bobrrik . . 

BocqUK... 

BodcR. ... 
Bockgo ... 

iloe 

Been 



Bc-jri 

Boj 

Bogaahdn 

Bogdo 

Boghoulchnnsk 
Bogorodiduk ■ ■ 

RdgoU 

Bahomia 



BiAhira.. 



[celand. . . 



Hilnyua ■ - - . 
rib«ly 

HindofMloii . . 

Mongolia - . . . 
Asinuc ituuii 



New Urci 



a-, 



. C7. Brest Bucharu 



.\sklic ICi 
\fiiUc Ri 
<\*iatic tti 
Aiiatic Turkr; 



Bonjcm . . 
IltHin 



._., 'Md 

AMaiicHm^n-lQc 

" jOd 

AiUlJc Ituaia.U c 

Bvc* |n< 

HindonUn • • ■ ,*J S 
Mdi;u<S>-a..rrh 
Midiie»ar...^j 
MtdickBUr. ■■ i* j 

RiMb h>b 

Nonraj iMe 

raato IMe 

Mad«fucar .. .'i'J 



Ijiwirlanaili. ltd 
NrwnmndUnd. I >l 

iN.'Wfi.iimiUiid.'ld 
<>.V,.,J|,..|Kb 



Ilonli.'k-ac 

Donlokoo 

Bong 

Bong 

BooAli 

Roobian 

Booby 

Boogoonaliiukoi 

BooJicvni 

Etuojnoord 

Haul 



Boola 
BooloD 

BoDlUI lOlT, 

Booth 



Boothia.... 
Boolliia I'd. 
B«,uc™. . . 
BornboiB . . . 



Ilonli'D 



Burea 

Borjr 

Borit. 

Borgir 

Ibir-ehnL... 
Ilgr-j:hai . . . 
Ili.rcholm. . 
Hurgoo . . . . 



Xcwluundland . 
tjoomby'a l>d.. 
Aaliantcv . . ■ . 

Cel«lni 

dlcbt-s 

PciMan (iuir . 



. pr 

. Pf 



:w. 



Auatialuia .. 
AuMnlaaia.. 
A*iatioRuwia.''L'b 
Aiiatic Kiuf ia 
Pet»ia 

c:<itbM 

Celebes 

Cabal 

HiiidooiUn . . 
Brit. America 
Brit. Ami'iica 
Brit Amrrica 
Ihil. Amrrin . 

Poljimia. .... 
Kraiil 



Korja 

Bnria ., .. 
rinrlaw Wai 



V- 



■'Iqiiiiliir Ht i 

'Maliy»ia Th 

..iTh 



Knrnliidm A. lOultir S.-s 

llnmini Hly. '^■'■n '^ R 

llnmaii I'f . I.Soudin Mf 

Iloralach ,K. JAvblic Ri»Ma.<V h 

Bonjiimk T. j.lHalic Rwvia. V b 

noninv Tr. Snulh Amrtira I ] 

IbiNrliila 'I. Snneiiril It i| 

~ " .lid 



ItKinilrLi T. >Hi»>-M .... 

tl»rth»i<'h tbr B>ii. Aiwri. 

n»i«'aw<'nV .... I, ndfiii.ij.. 
H.liain T. 'Alri.a 



CONSULTINU INDEX. 




H-Mj-iiittUui! 



Ibiukl-iup .. 
Iti'ikUriaiui 



,. Mti.^l4ilai.'JM-ikr...'l'k 
..K. .VwlicKii-xM.Tb 
..T. AoiilK KiK»u.|Tc 

,.IUv'\w» 'Mj 

...T. ,Au>lri> Ml) 

.. I. Vu<lnli.M »'i 

,.<■. j.Vwl|.Jl.n.l..,L"i 
..iua. .\<»ir»lu.i» .. Vj 
.fiU. AurtMlwia ... Wi 
,.I. Aui>tr>l4<i>.... Wi 

.. T. iltuwii (Ill 

..:T. 'tb'toiuiii Md 

..T. illut.ii I'c 

. .,T. .Aniatin Tiirkiv .V e 
.. 1. 'Au<lriili.da...'.'(Vi 
..T. iM, 'Hu 



; BM(a<-toi . 



Iruk 


..1 


IrakiiaLu . . . 




Iran™ 


.. 


iTMin. 


..■ 


IrMnb-nbuTK 










..1 


llr^ly 




Ilroniii-wine 








Unihw .... 


.. 



Arric.i'!!:X:!li,ir I 

Ikiliiia illi ' 

It-ilicb J j 

I'loatia |M c 

.AiiMraLiNa.... Wi 
{■lot Itliit. Aitirrka . I'* d 
I'L llrii. ADii'Tica .''fi c 
Iby SiublHTEtu ... Na 

r. I|.,'hnd 1Kb 

.Kun.iit jNc 



. . (ly vrVk-B l.e 

■•IT. Atvi™ I.J 



Ibvot 

, llrtll 



... R. IMl . 

...iT. Ruuit 

....Cty.lAfriM 

...,T. jAlrira 

. ,.i. 'I'aimWtdl^ 
...'t1j..S.ulh Aim-rien 

...T. iT«« 

...H. hrj» 

...Hay ]'atni:i.T>i.1 ... 

..T. Scuthii.! 

...:Ibj (.-.'land 

ind I. |.\iriway 

...Ihy \i>rw.ny 

. R. [< (rrpiin 'iVc. . . 



ill 
it 



. I.. A* 



ailliT 



. Vh 



.•r. Snudjn Mj; 

-iK. Aiii.ilic KtHH* I'L 

.,). SoMhrrn Uivaii %1 n 

■,*■'■ ^^B*!" "c 

..[. M.»L'Mlla Til 

.iT. .\,.iBt..U..--u.Sc I 

.T. A.i.Ki.TliiHfU. P.- 



..|C. Rrit. Ani<M<-.i ..Fa 
. .('. Brit. Ain<.-rii'n.i;a 
.. l-o. Sc»S.\V„l,.i.. \Vk , 
...I'd. lltiL Ani<'H(.-a..<ii '. 

..I. ,P..lvi«i.ia Vf I 

..(:. .lliK'ni-L- Kl .ml 1 1> 
..'Ifcl. .VpwUnii:»li.IIIi 
..Itlav Ma>li-;a>c^ 
..'!.' Elraiil.... 
..\C. l.^nfrri 



Itriniliii .. 
lbina->... 
llriiilEuTd . . 



T. |lbtb»i<V>i....'I|[ 
f. i.\,-«K.\VaU.iVl 
SmilliSlirlliiiil:! >> 



,HriL Aiw 



a.;I-:i 



llri.b:.no .. . . 




Itr.,t.,l 




Ilrirf..! 

Itri*l.>l 1-Ii»iii 





ViL 'All 

,'r. .\«|.l.-» 'Nil 

I. ^I'lilyiioia 'X h 

U.ir Bril. Amirira. ¥m 
r. ■.%'«« S.Walp>.:Wk 
R. |.\VwS.U'alt.'i.'\Vk 

Cy. iKniitiinil L e 

flu Knelvi I.c 

iLy:NorrhAiii.T<<-.-i;ilc 
'■ ■ ■li.ioli l.<P. .,Kn 



.^If. N..ri 



...I-. 






.Mi 



■i\. 



llrilihli . 
llrili^li . 
Itrim ilia 



94 


CONSULTrac INDEX. 


i 


Jl_.<lrw^k 


!d 


-«- 


K 


«_-H-.^ 




P-^ 


kI 


Itrau] 

Rrock-i 


R. 


NewS.Walti . 
Polync^ij 


bI' 


nuffa 




to-;;k'.::: 


Bdl 


Hutf^lo 




k' 


UriL Ai.iericn . 
AlUi»fiB 




IlUllilll 

Huir..io 


R. 
U. 


trit. Amirin . Kbl 


Brudy.::::": 


Ng 


BTOLfltuy. ... 


3. 


Sl™-,.!.}-* Ld. 




ItullUlo 


L. 


BffLAm.n^. 


Lc 


llmkcn 


R. 


BfiL Aiupriei . 




Ituffilo 


llo. 


UriL Amtriu . 


fcc 


ilRikru 


IfL lltriL Aimrica . 


lib 


JlnlTob 


lie 


BriL AmeriCB . 


»e 


Bronxm 


r. i.Mid.i,{«, 


IJd 


Ilulb 


r. 


HudJM. 


Kr 


Ilroaklvn 

IlrMlii-rx' 


Cj. '.New York.... 


Ud 


liiiirun 


r. 


Now S. \V«lr. . 
Autie RuBia 




I. J4V« |Ti 


ItuikdVHkny .... 




1 > 


Hrothi:r>- 

Urirfhtn- 


t. Uril.Am.riM.lJc 
I. ^M4b.y;.n.-i«i..lTI. 


liuib.'iuorL' 

Hukkc.... 


T. 
I'd. 


Jan 


Ti 
Me 




limtbcn' 


^ .\.iVi(ic«ic..Uf 


HalBwi. 


Pr. 


Turkey !!!.'!!■ d 1 


HfougliU-i.... 


U iRtit. Auii'iica . tl li 


IhUh..! 


PL 


North An«i. C.J 


UraurJibHi'a .. . 


Atc.'UreB.MiT«... .'Uo 


H«IK» 


R. 


RriL Atueriu . 


»bl 


IliDVn 


Id llrit.A»icriu.'(;i. 


Ih'tloiii. 


Tr. 


Alrict 


Lhl 


Brorn 


U :Iiriu Ai«r«a . U . ; Hull Puund 


R. 


BriLAmcrtM .'Ec 


Ilrown 


k;. ;Scun»bv>U..IK> 
'UL Biit.Ai'ii>>rlcii. t'lB 


«»[||fr.-^ 


T. 






bSoX' Qiiiim ■ 


a: 
r. 


MoDKoliB 8d 

Africa Pr 


Hro-rn:"!;;;! 


i.Ml. N.wKW.!«.Vl 


Ilru»-i|-« 


II. l'..l^n.Tia IXj 


Biindinn-r 


11. 


Pmbi Pc 


Hru*ii-* 


I. Itni. Aiiiitii:« .K* 


Runjt Ibilak... 


■r. 


Liula Tl.ibrl . . H . 






Ilunlu-r-i. 


Po. 






!l'l. l.M:iijU'li,«jri« ..'Vc 


Kunuira 


'i-. 




llrovii'a Raiu;c 


'Ih. l-oljiiuM.! 'W^ I Hunlinjtvilli!. . . 


Sila. 


LUTrvia K 1 


nrf<vl>:Ilt-.U... 




T. 


Aaktk RnM» T c 


Btuco 


iKaT llrit Aini-nf<a Elf a Hri*t.1iibki 


f- 


Htnd<Htin ... K|- 


Hrup. 


|C.'y. aiaium ..Mc ■ Jiurdi. 


HrurK:l 


Itn. I)ri[. Aiiicriu . K b i Runlvun 


f.. 


Hruu 


It:r. Aij>tri. .Md lIluri,n.o 


i;. 




Brunch 

Ilnmowiirk ..IG 


«-;!i=;::;::S: li= 


T. 


E^oailin'!!! Rf 


Bfuiuiwick .... 


'l^r- UruiioHiuk.... Ma 


HiircDWi....!!! 




■'''■ """«'* "" 




ty 




RiuiuuiRA 


Hiy Nv«.'ll<,llu>d..it;i 


Ilurklia 


T. 


.\rMi !Pr 


Kruiiswick .... 


IVa F.Un,inia ....liln 


Iturla 


I. 


fern'ml IfS 


Ilru:i*>rick .... 


■Ilik Brit. Anii-rioa.lUE 


llurtinRbA 


T. 


Uriiijy 


'1. V.l)i|.|,hi>'*M. Vni 


Hurnry 


1-. 


Nt'wnn)l>nil..'Tk 


ll.i«.. 


I'v. AsuliR Turk<-T<lil 


Rurn.^ 


Ihj 


.Hortli Ainrrira't' e 


Ilriinl l.itDV. . . 
Hubjkof 


T: lUand .".Nc 

T. Alrir. I.F 


lluniliim 

Bur>.t 


;■:■ 


BriLAii.nin 'Fe 


ilucuuimi 






H. 


IliinHIi 


J-o. S.,m. A.«.-rio> D = '|l..,n,,.,«,l„... 


R. 


Ai.in «r 


riuHuu 


I. (Jni-piUna ....In ■ Hurri-lB.l 


■I'. 


lllI.dDB.LlII . R ( 


nurhjiiau 


R. Ilrit. A.i»-ri« . y b |l.».l,l,.,ra 




ltiin-4 Ne 


BucPmr.>t 


»-y- TurW Nd rW^..r 


r. 


P.-r-i« Vf 


UuciLiria 


(V. (Jr.-.l nu.'hir»'U c 111. jH..,mV 


1. 


llriu AiDi-rirm . If ■ 


Ilii-Jurin, (imt 




Tr. 


\l"rir« Nk 


HiHkUi..i 


Mim llril. Am.ri.-4 .lb liii,«.,«Ii 


'■y- 


AinaTir Turk<-T P r 


n...u 


ly. Aii-in. NJ B.>i.r 


t: 


llind.min ..'.Re 
V.WS.W.I,,. Wk 


Il.iilili 


1. NV« .S.tt\,l,..VI IhwuM 


H«y 


Ii"!!,,'*'i'.mt4'.! 


T. ni..J..~i.H . . . K r H„.i„d 


ri. 


^HifVeliH Mfl 


r. .\,«i:...™u .rih ih..v*K.«. 




VIaL,y.„... .r, 

-^■•.ii;..iu r. r 




"■ «•>»- Kr liu.,. 




I:ii>iii\-i.l<n.... 


.'■■ .^1 ' ':'■ |IW.TI,r>..... 


Mfc 


'r.|r.n.T.T....'i:d 


l!-<.:idii-l 


T- ^'vi.. Hi II J 


•|i 


\:rita \ > 


n».n.\yr .... 


t. l..t-v,*i« ... llE .Hul,„„ 


T.- 


M....l.-,n.,, ... t'b 


II ■ . 


it- n>,., 11.1. Hui...,u 


r. 


Ihrr* ■X, 


I(u.i.<.. \>r.. ! 


li-pS.M,i,.\,;.„.n Ilk ■ l!.m.r»..ril. .... 


■"»■;'■«">■"« M I 


Tr. i;i"ii.. \m., . tl 1 ll.jrl.il"|j«i.... 


'. S.',4l.ini| 1 c 1 


"'"■■"■ ■^■'■'" 


ii. l;,.. ,„., Aw,-. II 111,,,,.,,- 


1. |llra.Am.M...Ml.| 



CONSI'LTINU INDEX. 




.ly. HiiiduMinn . . . 

. ^tu. I'mlatiDida , , . . 

.It. iMm.!«.o 

.{R. Ilunw Aym . 

.;PL Mozunliuiue .. 

.It. -AUrnt 

! itaj'.\.-*s.w«itti'! 

. [v.. UriL Aimxin 

■ X 'New (Iri'iiada . 

.rr. JIuiiIqimUii .. 

.'■IVr. MeiiMi 

.TtT.[.H.-iiru I 

.It. Mrii.-., ' 

. 1^. Itindiiwlui ..,{ 

,,T. lEliniliinrtiii ... 

.IT. AiiiitlcKui.M.1 

.•Vi. tttrguu'l'L-r.... 

. It. JlriL AiDcncK . ' 

. I. )-olvn»i. I 

. I'l. .N.wM«ic<...| 

.T. S«.-d.-n 

.f. \-ul.M I 

. I. I'liljnraia [ 

. In. llriL Aimrick .: 

• T. -tVjIim ' 

. I'. 'LabradiT ' 

. I. (lnpmTir....| 

..T- *\itnr» I 

.T. (IV™ ' 



R. P..ti.R<iiua 
. (1. .AnKiJa.. 
. Cf. llitid.»U 






: lllm. 

.I'lj. Aoia 

. Cy. (ariibulw 

. C. (^imbudiA 

. 1. (liiriMS-. .... 

.T. Jiielw"! 

.'U. bf.'» llJIuid.. 

. I. (XUijMa 

. I. Ciluaok 

.T. MamE CanliM. 
. FUtINotiIi Amrriin 
.i.Mt. N'i'»-Z.nLiid.. 
.T. A-blienuMim. 
. T. A>iiiiii: KiLfM. 
.|l. A^UlicRauia. 

. (.'. (luitciiula 

.'.MWAfrici 

.IK. |AI'riC4 

.T. Hraul 

.'cir.Aftio« 





36 




CONSULTl 

j ^^ ^ 


SG INDEX. 






' ^ 


K_^K»,t.. 




»^.,^.. 


c. 


«._ 




i;,„„ma 


R. 


'r„-;,».— :- ST 


ra,»r(Iaylicn.".T 


iT^ 


Hijti 


"b 




Ciiinorfili 


T. 


llmiil !J i 


fal«lW«.... 


T. 


U[« tolony . 


.\i 




Tmiip 


II» 


AnJalicRiidsiii. Vtt 


(■fli«.- Vorii 




Africa... .... 


Ke 




Ciiiiipan:i 


(. 


'ralUKmiiit ....Um 


(■al.iU.-n 


■r. 


Mciico 


jF.e 




C^iiTnplwll 


r. 


.viH.^. Ixk 


l-al'ii" 


R. 


KiuU 






(■am,.!»:ll 


r. 


'Xb»M.\V«1™.]«-1 


(■,i|«tltiver.... 


Vu 


HriL Amciira 


t'c 




C.iiii|J»'U 


0. 


Jllil. Aincrka.lllb 


(■iil.pcr'« 




rulfnoia.... 
Africi 


,w-f 




QmiiJwll 




l.Vc« J!cJfl.,d..!Xm 




T. 


!ft, 




(■j.iii|.b.ll 


XL 




fajiTfrii 




4irdiuu.... 


Md 




Ciinjibvll 


PU 


Soilii Aiacriw jlJ b 


(laiTic.™ 


f. 


.\ewS.W>l« 


,Wk 




tTiiniiiMri 


u. 






'■J- 


XapU-, 


'Md 




CampkU'ii 


I-. 


jllritAmcrii-a .|l> l> 


fmiucii' !'.!.'!!! 


H. 


I'enuui'Ia ... 


111 




Cmiii-iaw 


r. 


lMc»ko Il'f 




«>■ 




ile 




<'am|« 


R. 


lAfrka ■« li 


Coraceiii 


% 


ftjaiidur 






Cumim Maior .. . 


T. 


;ilniu] it 


C^irucu 


n. 


Dnuil 


,J i 




CJ.:afM Vm^u: 


I'L. 


.SuuUi AiiiiTicu jl j 


C'onieha 


L 


.V>aalic Ru»i., 


We 




runlMM 


a.> 


Cap.. C>,l..Hr . . -M 


tan.Khi.i.kui... 


c. 


Aoialic llu»ij 


,lVe 




Ciiatav 


I. 


A-^-Sia,lal..jKs 


|-»ruh 


T. 


•*yrU 






I'ailada, I'pucr. ■ 


Col 


.Vutlli Aiiirrici.liil 


rrnruiln* 


T. 


Ib.dl 


Ji 




V-iiiad.,, Lim-L-r . 


(U 


\<.rth Aimrii-a.ll i 


CirakhKiMka... 


T. 


AKialic IJ^^,ia 


,11 b 






R. 


;n>NUri, T.r. .Fo 




Vt. 


.\-i.ticTurk«'^»c| 




CuiiimM 


T. 


■liraiil |lk 




n. 


(■(■ili 


11 m 






I. 


l!r.,;i[ f k 


(VirjinliiL...... 


11. 


.V-iolir Il.««a 


Tc 






r. 


.llrl>(^..^ll'■ ,..,ite 


1 'arav.'rn 




w«u.«ii™.. 


1>S 




l'.ii.ir>- 


1.. 


.VlliuiliuUi'i'siiiK t' 


CnruivUiio 


J'. 


Ilr..ul 


J J 




CmcVU-. 


V. 


.\rr.™ Xi 


<■»«««.,« 


i;l 


J.,™ 


Ti 




l-UMkloiin 


V. 


'Hdi.™ :ik 


l'ari«n.. 




Mei'M 


.Ml' 




(-bndi'UHa... . 


Ufc. 




I'arlniiani 


:;! 


■*«rdinU 


Mr 




Cnnilia 


1. 


MnliUrraii.S..Xc 


(J,irc.TtIt» 




ll.r<a 


,\ V 




fliullfl 


■y- 


CjnJU 'N'P 


Cnrdnia 


t". 


■(■■iha 


III- 




Cjixlb-IIIBH 




SiiiTJni,-!! U. . K n 


Cardlr-ui 


•J'. 


WbI.-. 


I. c 




'■'i-idu 




l,..lbnO.«n.yi 


Cnrwiaau 


■J'. 


•*l. Luci. .... 


lie 




Cum: 


It. 


,ni,«[..Mun...llf 


Can-y 




Ilrit. America 


If. 




C-jltet 


i'. 


»:.n.iu '.V« 


IVin-y 


Sl,i. 


MiH.i^'B...... 


'lid 






It. 


()fia'«.Tvr. .. Kc 




T. 


Vv,Kmi..... 


lU 






■!■. 


IV.-. :'ij 


(■jrild-sVi [!.'!." 


S» 


V'Tlll AKHTk-B 


,IU 




f-'-xt' 


1'. 




I-.iril.rlir 


Ml 


llril. Aiinriia 


iiV 






r. 


J;,p.n 1 f 




Tr. 








).. 








.M.il..y-'i ■ ■ ■ ■ 


Ti 




CnmJo 


r. 


Itriiiil ;J i 






M..l/wi. ... 


iTi 




<'innavt'rJ..... 




n.irid. i;r 


riir!i.t,-. ..'.;.'.'! 


rv. 


i:iii-i^i.d 


'l.r 




Cmmns 


[.' 


S.-or.'^i.y'- I-l-.'K s 


(■i.rl.-i.- 


r. 


JanLilra.... 


*it 




f'-i"m"S 


1!. 


\>iil!i Aii>rii>..ra 




s,.. 


1-.lkl...>l 1^. . 


ll, 




CiniumUAl.... 




.Mw'.iiriT.r. . I'd 


i.irl.) 


1. 


Ii<i<..i. 


.M> 




rmo'iK" 


r. 


ll<nd<«~t III , . . 11 r 


r]:rl..j«.so 


r. 


VU-INJ 


.N.! 








.ViTlJi Ahi.n.'.. lid 


' '.iH-l'iir^' 


T. 




Nd 




r.m-'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 




\..iaS..Jij... IM 


CirW..... .... 


■I'. 




A.- 




{:-t!'l'"rr 


>■■ 


l:ll^'l.m.l VI •: 


(-,.rl..'..,.<>i,,i... 




I11....4 










M.in. 'I,.- 


rat!..i,l». 


ir. 


liidiii 


M.i 




C.int.iii 


'■?■ 




I'nrl.l.u:! 


■I'. 


•iwd-ii 


Mr 




'■■■"y"- 


IS, 


S,„ll,„.,l ].r 


IVW 


ii.i. 


Itiit Ai<i>rt.-a 


|-.- 




CnvkrliJu- .... 


IldJ 


I,r,!.r;i.!..r I ■■- 




■f. 


S..1I.I..11 


^U' 




(■W.ti.I>j 






|-.,rmil 


T. 


'■'■■'■ruij 






(|.>|uiii.'ir3 


1\ 

li.' 
[:, 
1. 
1, 


w-> ^J 


f'',\,...\'..,'.-".'. 
r.r.lu..' 


r. 
r. 

\'ii. 


IV.,.-il 

i:i.„.i 

iiiM,:...-i.-i. .. 
Ui^ ..1' It. !.:• .1 

i-.ii,.- 

\.;t ii..:Li.d. 


ll 

It'i. 

I;'-' 
til 




;':;:-V:V,.. 


L 


v."'^'v^.;;,,.;,' 


'■"-■■■■■■■ 


It. 


l:ln;:"::: 


,11 h 



CON&ULTlNO INDEX. 




■rfifbrt .. 

CiiabJriJa. . 
Ciuli 



('■• Nor .. 






I ' itutrvpho 
Cithiriac'ii. 
iMhwine'.. 



-Cjr. Up,] 

.■I. ;Maljy-ii fj 

.rr. jiiiiuiuiiiiia ...{tj(> 

■ jr. Pijjm-.i.i Hit 

I.iillc lliK'liiri.i (J i 



^:p 



. T, 

.|T. iMr.i. 



iH Ayrii. Elk 
en Kf 



In. HlrcentiTtT.... l> o 



T. P,-r, 



,.Pi 



■ > . Ik'l.lOClliKtUIl . . I I 

■ U. Mil]., llui'luri^ M •> ' 
. I'r. Hina<»lan ...4Jt' 

H'tivlxo 



.K^ 



ilrli . 

Mon;.ilka . 



. I. jn'iKC(.n>ii> Ti:r. K d 
■ I- Ikil. Aiiitrin . K It 
. Clr.'.Urica -N j 



. I'L NV 






- IrrUi... .. 
.<'. Rril. Ami rir.i . i: n 

K. News. «■«]„.. VI 
. Ikt MTint.-li.ir.ru . . V e 
.]T. X-hili Ilm 

* '- ■ miu. II r- 



Icoyl.-l.' 



ICi-ntrjl A 
(VplX.,1 



. Ilk 



. I- .Ifrii. .' 

.Pr. 'lliH'nm Avr.- . .. - 
.T. lliu'n,K AVm . II k 
. I. M«I.y..u ■...., 1-" 

■ » 'l- .Sicily 

.T. ]N>h-« 

. Tr. .Smitli Anvrin 
. <:. |XrwS.Wnlc». 
. I. Pol™,U 

.ind.r.n,ir,H„B .... 

■T. KB7it 



IViiti 



■ U. Bril.Ai<iir 



.. Kf|ludiir .- . 

. AuMrdla-ij 

Aki^lic Uv, 



liar.'., 



. IlliuiloniU 



i.M.ii™.,.. 
yliiniiii 



1. jlndun Oii'Bi 

,Al»lrtU«ii ■ 
..VabyMa . . , 



&i 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Cliatwrgt . . 

CIlUhL-t . . . 

ChiiclMilo . . 
Chadriiu . . 
Chi 
CI..i 



II in 



IB"-- 



LliLli . 

..lUi 
lliliduoiUn ...t 

.Honifolia 

, Ilacuo* Ayrcg . 
* .Yorlh Ainunci 

icRtu.»-;Kc 
ji Uciiin ■■ iU I 
New (iit'iiiiija .'ii h 



CIiululli:... 
ChnrluUc. . 
Churliiue... 
CharlollG.-- 



ChaL^koi D. 



....,Ci 
-..-iSh 
..-lllj 
Amtlic KuMlB. IX ■ 
' Hrit. Ainuf ica .lid 
Africa N k 



.. Tt. 



Mtiico.. 

■■ MoniroliiL 



.Md 



Mnici 



. Kd 



T. lAriil'i;i 

Chinikn |T. jThilxt 

Cliuniiliin .... 

Uhampaa 

Chinirain-nlDc 
Chuica; 



Chnlhun 

ChiUinin 

aiBtlwm 

niilham 

Chntirka 

(^atUhoochn . . 
Cliiugalaglinoy . 



P(. Edwrnid-B I I 



MtntclKxiria . . 
. .Malayan ^a . . 

Norlli AiniTica 

l'r>lviH'>ia 

. PolViinia 

Bril AiiK-rica ■ 
lt[anlclK»iia . . 

PolyDMin 

(itiltfngat 

PaU|!Oaia 

A.T»aticOe.. 



. Bay r 



lla!land..|TI 
Amrrifa D < 
a fit 



..ki. 



4'l.ilwt . . 



Clundi'rna|[on -jT. jlIiiidnoHUn . 

Ubaneoi Lvth^MonKulia .. . 

Chanffumi-n . . . T^jAlrica 



-Nj 



..t^. yium T 

..f. Mn„p.\» 's 

.. T. .Ualic Rauia.lv 
. . T. Anulio lluuia. \V, 
.. Ml iDriL Amrriea . F 



iTf 
.Sd 

CMmpt )l. Chili Illl 

Chapada V. JBri^il |l j 

(»ii|>al I^ :Meiiu) JK f 

CliKixn f-f. kliim.. (! e 

(:lu|iunj!ii IT. iMnunibiiiue ■ .k> j 

IJItarahali jT. LWntip Hunua.lP d 

l.3iaraln|i ,T. 'Ijltlt liudiacia 'R d 

OivaHiiikntan ..'I. 'Knrib' Inluidi.i 

aaraUaiskaTi .T. 'AoJjIii: Ruuia.^Nn 

HtvuK I. ]l<'ii'Hnl<4ii ill j 



(-iK.'duIn 

(-iH-FKailnwd....!, 
Ch<-i«naki r. 

I rh>'i<'khur W. 

Chi'ltkhnr iU 

(•b<UncM IL. 

Chplicut IT. 

atiAm IT. 

rhrliniliml IT. 

Iiniikoara . . .'R. 

mukora ....JR. 

(Vnauh H. 

n MahomrdlT. 



A>i>licKu«n.[l.'> 

Ynnem '.U d 

Sl»»ia . . 
K. lOotivia {Ilj 

DriL America ,<tl b 



nRvy 



C'liin 



.tUf 



Chrpy.. 



.'R. 



iVnrlh Amrriei il 
Vorlli AmcrJEa {H 

CaUeoiiU lllm 

Abrivinia Kir 

K'-'i* Nc 

KiifrUml IMc 

' ilieKixna.lWb 

>tiEli<Hil..|Vb 

IlinihiMaa ■ . 

Tirtary 

Aaialic KuMi 
Dril. AiTH-rin 



AnilbCanilina.V 



T.'N d 



(^liareildhhsfi. . . I,. .Tarta 
ri»....'!!!'l.' liril.', 



lUr] 



kt, 

l-hfhl-m T. jJav •!■; 

<'hcrn-ioM>r... .tT. JAnialic Runria. W b 

(Vrokm ■Tr. jWnrtitn Ti-r. .K r 

dicrrr •!. lAiMnlaiia .. . . Xj 

(iHWirahK ... JRay l<liil|.|))«I-<ln " 
('hi--BlNianl Ih. Au-tr<1ii.iB.. 



i * » J M 



CONSULTINt; XXDKX. 



•J ) I 



!«■ 



,.f r.k.#s*c 



kiiii. 



^ma»MU 



i lll't*k(it* • J • 

I'IkiaUco T. 

ilicvartiSf C 

t.'ht.*% VAt T. 

Chrvo T. 



Hr*. 



Mniitchix>riu . ■ V v 

Tartary J* ti 

Atlrira V k 






i'hufia St. Mfxic) K jf 

l'iiHi|ia 'V. .Mi-iiro -F ;; 

I'hirap) T. ililiimis <• tJ 

C'hicki II Tiay J.iia \V i 

ChiJIrv I*- llrit. AiiirrH'a .11 li 

i':iiijit-v ('. Itrii. Ani(-ri(*a .lib 

( '.liJirv ('• GrtTiiiaiiU .... .1 ii 

i '\iwti < v. NapU.s M (1 

I'hiirtfrv St.i. Nubia < > t' 

Ctiihio Tr. ('l:iiia Vv 

I'fiibu.iliua SL Mcxti-it K f 

CbihiLili^u 'V. .\If\irii Ij t* 

I'Kikt.taiii 1. Jn|i:iit V il 

( '(iili-tjtiu« 'Vr, < >ri-;ri jii Tit. ... II r 

Cbiicotiii it'l. Op'^rijii 'J'lT... . 1> r 

rtiili Krp Suuib Aint rir.i II I 

rbiiUn jr. Cliili II 1 

iiiilUcuUic T. Obi) \*i c 

I'lilou ;i. i'bili Hill 

C'iuluk |K. '.Vsijtic Kiis-ij. jT c 

• >Ii'Aicn :K If 



N«Ji-ri -if llxn, tr. 1 bn I rw'kjci. 

- l.-^l . - 

( 'tiiii ikb J T. , Ahiuf ic Ku>>i J . > -« ii 

CitiiriiltM I r. ;IVrn {!■ j 

('hitriirncii'4 T. IJSi>livia Ilk 

Cbfiros 1*1. \i. (.ill Ilk 

( 'bu>biiti*!i ... .' I'r. ' M>iii:'iiliii \> r 

( boulKir T. I!' l'H.i lii.t.,11 ■' Uf 

C.'uiinlaii '{. .-\>iilii' Knssia. V a 



il'ijili- I So 

\-i.itii- I(ii<«Ni.i. V* b 

■ Waiil''bM ii lii . . I'd 

S. Pa. iii- Uc. 
Drit. Amrrif a 



(ill 

lid 

j.Mc 

!.\| e 



( 'biipanxin^vo . . .T. 
( bi lull II Cuni . .'Tr. 
i'niinaro !*i^ 



I'ntajrutiia . . ■ . ill ni 
New (iri iiaiia .'ll ir 



('iiifii|i.iioii T. 

i'bourskiii T. 

Ciiiiw-riiinaii .. . • V, 

C'!iri*iti.ni ■!. 

('.'iri-liati i', 

1 'nri«*li iiiia < 'v. N«irv.'i ,- 

( 'bri>ti iiM.iiiil ... I )i% . \< rv ;i v 

m 

(''lri'«ti:lll^(alld. . . T. ,\<'rrt:iv .M i! 

< liri''ti iii^itiirir .. Kl. A.'Vir.-i -it b 

( 'iiri-li iiistutil .. . T. jS\vri!i-ii .Me 

('?iri:<ti.tii'>iiiiti ... I. '.Niirnay 'M b 

(*liri'(ii-*H IL-iv I'rit. Aii>f-rica .'K b 

( 'hristiiif pl.td . . . T. 'U ns>i |.\ b 

('bri>liiii:s I. jM.iI.iwia 'Tj 

('hri:<liiins I. J'(ilyii<>'ia |IS ia } 

('bri>tiiia4 f. Sfiiititi-m Ociaii K n | 

('hri'<'lin".s So. I*i>t-i:;uiiia. .. . .iliin 

< 'ItryMal .Mts. Kuriu o 'T h 

('hiia|Ki T. jC'bili II 1 

Cliutliilina R. iA>iatii' KiiMsia.'W b 



I-: 



I 



Oiiiuborozo .... Ml t>iiia<!or (i i 

(.'.'liru Sea IXbuv ■ T tr 

L'hiurluila jT. S|Miii he 

(.'hin'jjic Kin{Hrc.|Cly. .Aitia .S d 

iShineaa Turkc»., I | 

Uii _C*ty. Afiia R d 

C'fiinuUkoy ....<'. Ntirth AiiiL-ric i J] c 

Cbiukuii A'll. 'ANiaiic Kusva.'A b 

lliiidoi»»tiii ... H */ 
Cbiiia........ V f 

Mdiitrbihiri i . . \' d 
llrit. A II If r sea .JK r 
Dril. Aiiu'rir» .'K b 
\ViiM.*uiii>in 'l\r. r d 



(']iul'' *V, 

Chiiliiwan. I. 

Cbuiiibiill K. 



'SiiiiiU IVru 'II j 

Ai«i/.aii>iiii|iiu ..'Ok 
■IliiidiKi.^tuu . . .IR f 



<1iiiiiuTab T. 'Siuiii Is {r 

Cbiinar T. iilin(l<)r.r';:jii ...JRr' 

('biii|iiisara . .1. iK-p'Hiliii.i jH j 

(.'buqiiisaca .... ('v. |Iti>Iivi-i Ill j 



Ctnirrli ^IL Ni.-\v (.iiiiiM-a 



i'iiinnour .T. 

I'hia-toji ,l*v. 

IMiinyanj^ 'I . 

I'iiiprwyin Ft 

Chipeirycii* .... Tr. 

Cliippfwr.iy R. 

< 'hippi-«'ayi .... Tr. 'Wincun^in Tlt. F d 

I'baquituit Drp Ifaiiivia 1 j 

Chiricota: iT. . MuAit'o F* f 

Chitpore !T. |Miiid«NKitin . . . iQ I* 



Vi 

K'a 

Fb 



('Iniri-h -.Ml |.'^;orr>l>y*H Kd. 

Cbiinbiil DiH.iBrit. .\iiiLricn . 

Chiin-bill ('. iirit. Aiiicrira . F c 

Cbiiri-bill R. -Hrit. .Xii-.crica . F c 

Cburcbill Ft. Hrit. Aim-rica . F c 



Oulral T. 

C'litral |R. 

Oiittaironp :T. 

rhitlcldrou^ .. . . T. 

I'bitlore : r. 

Cbiu ,R. ;l'nit:uay 

Ch. Kaxnciinoi . .|T. 



iKutVcri^^taii Q r 

Kiisriiirur Q c 

liiitdouhtan , . , S f 
IliiidiMMtaii . • •iR {; 

llIiiid-Mwlaii ... R «r 



CbiHaii I. 

{ 'biilrbro«kni(; . . T. 
Cbutilaukiii . . . . R. 
(.'bwani^sliaii ... I. 

Cicarnlc T. 

Ciliiiiiti v. 

CilK'itar T. 



('bin; 



w 



1 1 



A?) ill til! Riisfi.i. I' c 
ChoctawlulL-hic.iIiav Flurida Trr.. . .i(t c 
Choctaw Laud .JU\*. W.^ti rn Trr... F c 

Chocuwii Tr. , WisUrii 'iVr. .. :F c 

CtwiMruil jRiy Krii>t lF>I:ind . . .•{ ii 

C'hoi-<uil Port . .|T. 
Clioloni 'R. 



.Maiin^rascar. • • |l* j 
AHialic Ra%sia.|X b 

i'htHioti jArc. Pntag'onia jllni 

l^inorwaiir jT. jlliiidiMitiran . . .|Q f 

3» 



.'Vsi.ilic- Riisi<ia.''rr 
Pflta;i;iiiiia . . . .jliiii 

k'tin-a !r c 

IliiiduoNtnn . . .'R ^ 
\siafio Turkt'y,.N d 

Siiiiiutra 'Si 

(•iinM»a.i <\v. Africa ;M j 

riiicinniiti Ty. '<.)bii> <■ r 

Ciiito 'I . 'Ni'iv i •rL'n;i(!a . II (j 

i 'intra H ly ' Az.Tn.ij^a " K f 

Ciiiucbkiiinia .. . 'i*. ,.\^ialir Riiy>ia.'T c 

('ircarH I'r. !lIindiMistMi ...Jlfr 

Circ.iS'iia I'ty. A>i:;tir Rii.->'>ia 'O d 

Cirridir I. ' \iistra]a>ia . . .'V i 

( it.-'.id.skni Rav Rn'-in 'P b 

Ciiidtd Rcni. . . . T. ."^'lain \ls c 

C'ivila Vtrrbii . . T. iTuscanv M d 

.Md 



(■Ittirrrirurt 



r. 



.'^{lam .... 
Tuscan V . . 
'Austria.. . 



C'l.iiiict Ij. jOi'cg'nn Tcr. . . K d 






3J 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



T" 



I 



fipi.tioii. 



Lt.1t. 



idainct ik. Ori'ifMU Tlt.... l)d <'oct.in 



I 



Nmks of rUm, fcc 



Cliai. 



r. 




IlindoujiUii ...Kg 



Asia 
Jafian 



1g 
I e 



Urit. Amcricm . .G a 
IPulyiietfia. . . . k'k 
|l«rit America .iF a 
lUrit. America .'(■ a 



j Clan William. . .)T. C'lfK: Colony . . N 1 , ('(xrliiu China. . . Cty. 

i Cljp;K:*b 'i. Malay:'!! S h ' Cuclirunc :(!. 

\ Clun.:iif.c 'I. .Mrit. Aiiioriri .'Kb ■ CckHiirii I. 

CLirirncu .1. S.iiitti Slictl-.tii<l ,1 o i I'uckliuni |l. 

Cbrt.-iicir ['V. l-'rniandii Vo • . .M h i Cucklmrii (\ 

Clarcnci: 'Mt. Aii^itralasia . . . V i , Cuckhiii'ti ;V, 

;(.!larcncc '-'V. '.W.v; llniLitd. .'V i ; C-«3<;k[iiirii I'Mt. jMozainbique • -tO j 

(Greenland . . .. 1 b 

rolynci»ia A j 

.Moii{rolia -^ c 

Mulaysia |S j 

illay of licn^al. S jp 

; ( 'larSi's ,Kk. -Missouri Ti-r. . II d . (.'i>coi<|H ra iT, i.Mvxico 'K e 

jCl.irk*s il''k. Orr';»"oii 'i Vr. . . . K 

' Clarkston ;l*t. Mo/uiiibiiiiiu . . O 



Clarc-iice '(*. .lirit. AiNLTici •Vn ^'f^ ken So. 

. Clarence |(\ {licit. Aiiurif!! . (> a Corua Nut !l. 

j darcncu Str. iNnv Hniliizid. • C j : Cucortu iT. 

, Ciarciic-j .Mt.i.lirit. Aiiu-rica . (v a ' Cocu.s ........ .il. 

I CMark^tf 1. '.l*olyii«'.-:id Hi ' Cocom |I. 

'Clark'ji Rf. llN.lvunsii Bi " Coco*. ,Is. 



C.jd.. !C. 

Cudaya jlj. 



d 
biiiuu ..Ok 

Clarkslnii j.Sta. '.( 'nttraria N 1 ■'. Codrra ........ 'C 

C'!arks\illv T. iTi-niicNscc .... (> u 

' Ciausrnburir- • • • '!'• .-\ii»'tri:i N d 



Iri-land he 



■ CiKliuMka ']'. 

j ( 'odo.sfi jT. 

. Codrin^^tnn .Mt. 

r. 



v./icar .... I..... *'. 

CIrar 'li. iHriL Ainrrica . K c . 

(.'lij;.r Wati-r. ... L. 'Brit. AiiK-rica .If c \ Cotpan:; iT, 

CU'ivol lud T. jOhii) <i d > CoL-ti\i >I. 

CK.rk».'s Kk!« Isle cifCnorj^ia J n Cottle Kl. 

( 'K'riiiont .... 



■ •«••■• 



Cy. Franco. M il 

Clomi'Hil T'jniicrr I. i[*i)lyn» •*! i (.' j 

CbrviLin 1 IJjy \cw S. VVahs . V j 

lliv .Irclind L c 

T.* S4mthr.ru ... II j 
Vt. Uiii. America . K h 
I. Mi't.'tisHiiiiii. ... 1' t 
|Cli^t(in Coldi.-u. . I: I Hi it. AiiH'rici . K b 

- ClipiM-rlnn lik. S. raiiiic Oc. . K i; 

! (*liiir}|i-. T. 'Asi.itir KnsHia. W c 

ici«>!ti.H I*t. N.w II..!l.ui;l.. Tk 

.CIodiiiH 'I. rulyncsia \ •; 

CiiriM (.' r 

lc« liiid Kb 



\.M\a ••• *■••• 

^ ii« n^ •■■■•■»■ 

:Clitlon 
I Clinton 



;Clim.ird 'C. 

. (.'lootoibiy ... . C. 

jciiiiid I. 

; Clowi-y I. 

. Clim'fy I{. 

'clyd.- K. 

' Co>iliiil!<i St. 

J (%xin:r'} It. 

, (*IKlli^& K. 

;Cuavi K. 

I ( 'ub<il K. 

(V.Mh. T. 



Matwachusctta . II d 

Hrazil Hi 

Venezuela II ? 

Atfiatie Ru5«ia .S c 
Buenon Avrts .11 1 
Under hvV I.d.. I'd 
XcwS.'\Vales.,Vj 

Timor L i 

Indian Ocean .Pi 
Western Ttr. .'Fc 
Wesilcni Ter.. . iF c 
Indian (Vcan .'O j 
.Vorth America lid 

PolvncNiJ IM 

.New S. Waks . V I 

Polynesia :V f 

.Asiatic KuikHia 8 c 
Asiatic Uu<caiia T b 
llind^l(>^tan . . .'K g 

PortU'jal IL V 

Brazil I j 

( 'okt: AKiunt. . . . ,St.i. ( tatVraria N I 

( ijI'III ......... I. 

CullMr-r T. 



CutK c'li IWt .. . . 'Sta. 

i 'oiUn I. 

O.Uli 1. 

\ i/.njiN...>..>.'i. 
Cclliik's Jki\ 

( 'olVni*:i jIlLr 

Coircviiicuva. . . .!T. 

Cuyhaifi T. 

( 'iiiinbilnre T. 

(■iiiiiilira Cy. 

• iiris I . 



S. P.iiiJiir Oc. .. I'i u ' Ciiliiiii;' 'I*. 

'Brit. Aiii'-rica * K li Coliivin \'V. 



'Brit. Ann rici . l\ h 
■Biil. America . II a 

|.M<'vi('u FT 

' \!rica N i 

iB<'ii^ui'!a .^I i 

■ At'riia Oi 

lB>-n:;ii* ia M j 

jM.irliir .\ i^ 

I Ciibi lK-!<.,.Mifn:;iili.i T i) 

Cobij.'i T. IBiilivi.i -Ilk 

fyohlcht/ I'y. Pru-«*>ia Mi: 

Cobiirjj Cy. S iic Coburj; . . M c 

Ciihiif:; , .|'r, |I'|»}N'r C.inail.L . (■ d 

iCfibur^ B.iy Bri'. .Viiutum . <■ a 

: ("Mbur:; Piii. N-w lloil.md .. C j 

i('ii<M».:ii I Villain.-. .*»!.!. Thi'i» t .*^ c 

( 'cHMM T. :\'i-:ii /IK !a ....;!( h 

C«f('!| ihiliihl. .*J. fh-'i Biiliii I II J 

tVMh:.!..Mil..i. .. 'I\ II.!:mi II j 

Crir'.ilii Ci'r.iiMl ■. '\|r-.,rni-'ii..v II 



Cdliina iT. 

ollVaiiM-iOl ; I . 

* *M1 •••«■■■•■••,!■ 
,C..llr:ri.| .'P. 

Ciilliiiii.indiiui* .\'' 

tiiiliMl ;l. 

Colmtl |C. 

; Colnrtt 'C. 

Culoinii* .Cv. 

■ I * 

Culoinbii Civ.rSouth America .11 h 



Peru IC-i 

■Pruisyia ~N c 

iK-nniark .Mr 

.AHiatir Kutf»ia.-T b 

Mexico y g 

.V^:i..lic RiHjiia. K c 

Scotland >L c 

Briizii <Jj 

.MaMi\iii Qb 

Me\i<Hi <K f 

\. C:.li-diMiia . . X k 
Prui*hia .M c 



( '(iliMtlbu 'V. 

Ciiloiii T. 

Coliinne C. 

C«iliirudii IB. 

( 'dliiradii \i. 



Ceylon Kh 

.Vfrii^a |L If 

.Viilih*^ !N r 

Btien'M Avri'91 . II I 

'I* ■ ■!•*#* 

, & I'^tll. ........ m I 



( 'i<lt4 r'-< K. i< tn-i^iin Tt r. .. . K d 

('••iocu M*^' '" •Pal>iL*('nia .... 11 lu 

( '«>l(i:iilii.t i *y. |S<'Utli Caniliiia ■<« r 

Cii!ii:ii!*u 'T. j.Vl.ilijnia .....!<■ i- 

CiiliiiiiliiA ,T. ArkanHan !Fc 

• I 






CONSULTING INDEX. 



31 



ics. 






ircut 



■r'rt 



1 
1 
1 



C .: 



I . 



It 
It 

■ • 



10 



T. 
'I\ 
K. 

!|. 

T. 
T. 
1. 

r. 

"!>. 

l\ 

i|il. 
T. 
c. 
<•. 

ir. 
<\ 

1. 

'r. 

"r. 
*r. 

May 

T. 

Cv. 

•i'* 

r. 

K.' 

\ V. 

= U'. 
:T. 

"r. 
'It. 

I'ly. 

1 1 . 

'I. 

iT. 

It. 
It. 

SI. 

K. 

lY 

>.lu 

'i' 

*>• 

T. 

II. 

i'- 



^J««. 






NiM ■ ( rum. ftr. 



Tciini'iivvu ....'<• c 
iTrxa jKf 

Mrditi rran. Sra I* c 

<Mt>r^ii |*» «■* 

Ohi lit o 

,Midoi»jiiPi»i. . . . (« c 

H -aiiiUjdia '^ IT 

I lint. Aiiirric;! .'C' b 
Nt-w Z^'alaiid. .X 1 

To:i IS [^ c 

(■uati iiiaU .. • .^i' fi 
.Hrit. America . (i c 

L-Vraliia < ^ CT 

;lirit. Aiiifrici .'(• b 
(■ni'iilaiiil .... Ml 



I«ahri(lor 



lie 



K 



M 



I'Xiro 



Llfc*. I 



tallkML 



Conv«*iito<t 

( oiiw.iy 

^*onviaviK»ru. . . . 
Convb-aru 

\. OO A da*. ...a. 

(*ook*s .. . • 






|i 



^niiiiliM>>taii . . .->^ f 

Saniiiii.i 'M d 

^llrit. AiiK'rira .jl* c 

Ituly iMd 

IMuIivma T i 

'\»\n\ Of 

|lliiid<M»<.t.iii . . . !k h 

'Iiiitijii OrtMii.. :0 j 

hiiliaii Oi*iMri ..'O j 

Siiiin I« d 

'lltiid<«Mtnn ... Ik f 
Indian (>ci-aii..!K i 

Itrazil If 1 

Hrit. AiiicridQ .'l* h 

Hrdzil ■! k 

riiili :il I 

Panpniy .... 'I k 

iVc:irziii-Ia ... .Ill II 

Ncwlouiidliiid.'l d 

Mf\if'i> V i 

S. Iljiiiii^liirf .'if fi 
.NVwS.\V.-,|.Ti ,\\k 

4 yiiin IMi 

llrazil f j 



r. Brazil Ik 

('. NiwS.\Valrs.|Vk 
T. 'South Carolina :<i o 
Mt. Hrit. AiiiL-rica a|i' b 

la rulyiii>ia ;U k 

I. i'ltlviioia X h 

( unk*!i Str. ;Niw Zi-aliiid. .'X in 

('4in!(*ii Jja 'HriL Aiiurica .Kb 

l\iok*H 'In. '.N'orth .Inicrica H b 

('•M>kV 'U. ;lirit. America .|1> c 

Coouiusi^iu 'Cv. ' Ashant'o lli h 

I.* N. ivit-coc. .'or 

I'SoutlH-rn ( k-i';in J ii 
I lint. Amirii-a .-11 c 

[Alibaina 'CS o 

Mahyvia ■'!* i 

lliiidiMi>tan . a . U f 



Kc 
I k 
N i 
Mi 
IT 
Vf 
.Md 
Tb 



.Hucnij!! Aynt . 

.\frica 

( Vin:;o 

IVrhiu 

'PulyncHia 

'.'^rdinia 

AKiatic Kuimis. 

Pni^iiia 'N c 

United Slali-« . . il d 
Tnitid Stitis. .lid 
Hrit. Anivrii*^ .!l) n 

Peru Ill i 

Baden I.M d 

Kuro{N* I.M d 

Alfrivri* 'Me 

Turkey !N d 

Tliikl !.S« 

.Vuiitralajiia . . . . I \V i 
Brit .Vmerica All b 



(T(iu{H*r 

C'uoper** I. 

(*4«)]ii!i<,*lie|raw ..-L. 

( oorduo l*t. 

C'lKisia 'Ha 

VftOsi CuMlbintrJI. 

(■oo>y R. 

< o|Mnli;i;;i n .. . ./'v. W nnurk Mc 

(opij,)., T. Vhili !n k 

i opiaiKi H.i\ I'hili II k 

CVipiinesiMW . . . . L. 'Hrit. Aintrica . -11 c 
I'oplaiid lluleh-] I 

in»iin H.IV Hrit. Ari:tii.-a . D b 

(*n|i'.'>ton .Mt. 'Nurlh Aiiierira < ' b 

OiiwiP'ro ,U. 'Ik'n;;!!! Il 'M j 

(%>|i{>c'r |1. j.^hiatic KuH>iaa X c 

('o}*|i(.r Indiana a|Tr. -Brit. .Vsiu-riea . L b 
lV>p;x-rminc . . . .'K. Jlrit Ann-rica .'K b 

( oquin S(*a ('rivnhaul . . . . i b 

Cura T. .^VJUfl;ln l> n 

(Viral Sea Au:<trai:t.<(ia .... ' W j 

('«ir..i!!nf I. {Ami (^ li 

('omiin-it 'IV. Africa '.N k 

(oranlino K. (iuian.-i I li 

CiirU-t^s 'In. Hrit. .Vnifrica vK b 

( 'nn lifMitiiii»*knya . 'T. Asiatic Kux.xia . \'V c 

Ciirdiili-ra <«cral. ML'. Hrazil I i 

Corii'tva l*r. Huenrtu Ay res .,111 

('4in!fi\a Cv. S|min L c 

( 'iirdova ''l'. iHiH-nos Avrea • ill 1 

Cnrduva H't. North Auierica 1' b 

< Wa ;Oy. Asia 'r c 

C'orea .>Hr. 'I'lin-a jl* o 

(*orran ........ I. Arc' Vdlow ."^'a . • « iL' c 

(Virfu '1. tloiiijn I^Ksiaa.'Ne 

Ourinih 1 y. (vn-ecc N r 

(^orjadfM 'Kk>| Indian Ocean..'!* j 

. . .J« c 



rk 






V4tfk (V. «licland . 



I 



I Vim I. 

(ornrr In. 

(*4imi)in I. 

(*<irnM<il!i<* I. 

(.'ornwnKid I. 

Comwalliff I. 

Cornwallisi I. 

Caro T. 

I'lMtilcijva T. 

(V)romandi.l . . . . i'sit 



(luatcin.ila .. . . (i i; 

New S. Wal.-a . iV I 

(;ult* of Siani jSh 

' Brit. Ameriea .Fa 

'Pfilvne:iia jX f; 

S. Pacific <)c.. a Ia in 
•Soutli ShtUand ,1 o 
Veneiuela • ' * * III Jf 
Asiatic Kn^Kia. T b 
llindouttan .. . K |f 



(Viron '(■. iJrcerc 'X c 

(*«iru:i .d<iji .1*. .Mciico 'K v 





^^ 










=^_ 




■ii 




IX)NSLL'11NG Ut'UEX, 






T 


tl..^ K I't^ k. 


IZ 


, -u- i^- 


ti_4nH,ta. 




1 ..„. 


N.-l— 


LV>nrtiali..ii .... 


~ 


BodUi ISlMlbtiJ 1 o 


■r.di.1 


1'. 


Win..::..! 


«^ 


l'.ui,iiai™i.... 






;™k'« 


I. 


|Scnn»bvVI,d. 




IWiiunillU ... 


It. 


Clijli 'nil 




L. 


( 1 recoil Tir. . 






K. 


A«u(i= Iliw-U. W II 




r. 


IliiidoMUn .. 


jilj: 




It. 


•Br.ul Ji 

l'"r^ir«>> 'k 


'nn^[u^ 


c. 


'•IrtTolaiid . . . 








M. 




r- 


llniili 


'li 




1 rArii-'iiti' 

tWri.-i.u» 

IWr^oito 


I'r. 
T. 


BiKii. s Aym . 1 h 
»,iLU.«AVr«.IU 
Ik^ii.,* A'vrtx . 1 1 


'raulurii!!!'.!.! 


T. 

L' 


Ilniil 

llriL Aiiiinr^ 
IIHl.Aii.im'> 


'-:t. 




t'.irtb.'Kl'.'k 




M,..r...-. l-:i' 


wkV. :.■.'":.' 


I'r. 


VVi-Hlirn 'IVr. 


'.Vt 








..1ll«Ul.ltliq<l.'..'>)h ' 




i>. 


ilriLAmmcn 






t'wru iiti-s 




.V>vlin'i».lu...ili 


■r.-Cf.il 


I. 


[■.JvK'^ii .... 


(Ik 




'.'■:Z" ::::;:: 


It. 


Muni. Iii>.ii.> . . L' a 
.MM(il.'rrBii.S.a.Md 


■r.>*w.ll 

•trAuvAtAK.... 


r 


Bni.Aii..Ti.i 
■A-i.-.li.' K.i^i.. 


T). 






■r. 


■rilkm 




*'l;h:.;i.n.... 


,Vd 




If-Hiiiiiia 

Ctuum 

*■■•""} 

(■>,rvp. 


T. 

r. 

T. 

I. 


Uracil Ij . 

Sp:iiu I. d 

llii.ilifli-ta»... Kf 


■riiiios .'J. 

■rimi't.n 

'rim: 

Vii:.- 




!tu.-.ia 

,llriLAni.r.... 

Ilnuil 

Ufiijll 


.Id 
111 
jj 








■rialii 


!>. 


Austria 


iN^d 




C.m-tti.i.. '.■'.'•■ 


'■>■ 


Nai.l'i \ 1! 


■roli.T 


I. 


I*..lyn.>i!i..., 


,'■] 




1'in.i'tini'biii.,. 


T. 


M.-«i.. \'.i 1 


■rokrrV 


"-. 


IlriL AriMTiLa 






Ci-iuJiJ., .... 




Ii»iianl»c.i.i.ri 1 


'niii.ladt 


T. 


ltu:>^ia 


'.Sl- 




r.«i>i«e 


,r. 


IJiriii:;]. Sr „ 


)t»ih<-d 


U. 


Italuuna. .... 


ur 




0»-a.ii"ri]i"Hui 


IV. 


,U.L..,.l Od 




1. 


Nnv. /.mlla 


I'l 




r.«-.ir 


r. 


Kuyi* M- . 




1. 


Ru^ia 


lib 




|-"^la 


li. 


(JmiKi .I.h 


■ru-H 




■ArVitj 


!Mj 




r,Nii Kui . . . . 


Si. 


CuuMnuU ■' t' 


■rw 


jl'a 


\..va7-.,rlU 






I'lMlilK- 


.-ilr 


.\r>vd Z>-ii>l.la. . I' u ' 






Hril. Am- ri.-.i 


rv 




f.rtii[d)ii 


T. 


l)ii< II.X Ayr. » . il k 


■r«.s 


•<u. 


Nntlh Aii;.'rK 






Coll... 


Itix 


11." .Ti 


■mui. 




^^jMimSta.. 


'If 




I'MUli 


T. 




■r..wHi:i,'.... 


K. 


;\Vi|a.«.-,n T, 


.ij 




C'litt.iyain 


T. 


iniid<.r>-tan...I{i: 

.V.n'aX";iiUii..J-|> ' 


"li"!'!!!!!!!! 


\\ 


l."iu".'.'!^".'. 


rra 




{•.nir„.i'. .' 


il". 


..MMiif'Ji.. 'i'd 






llv»irii 


It. 






T. 


Asi',)i.'llii-.i.i. fir 


■.niiia 


\i 


.M..r.i[|i!.i.|ii.. . 






r.iu.li.,v-tai-i.. 


T. 


A-i.lirltu.M-.. .-,■ 




\. 


iVirflodit,.. 


ul 




(■..a!.-.l» 


r. 


:a.m.^. l.-r 


■|il.i,:.l.i.li AiaU 


l-r 


XiiIh.-. 






('•ilil'iml 




.\i-w ll..l;.,T.d.. Tj 


■|.l«MUa 


1', 


Haci'ur 


.Xb 




f.,ul.ii..l> 


11. 


\-uli.I{.,-„...l!- 




I'. 


i'li'li 


;iiiu 






lilH. 


W,.-c:.„„i:iT.r. I'-d 




r. 


,Tl,i!»l 


Sf 






f!. 


M^.i.i.-I fi.i -.iVn ,, 


■■iiMnlnri' 


r. 


'Ilm.|...>>.n .. 


Re 




Cniiil.;,!, TaiMir 
(■■.iir'...i 


If. 


ll.i.L-l. Sd ' 

it.i-i'.Li ,....,! '\.^ 


■|iil.Lii>J 

vm-B !!!!!!!! 


1', 

T. 
It 


.llii>'I..M.ui. .. 

K|ii.;d.r 

Sr»in 


i; 




(-■.■■Ir'1.1 


f. 


Tl.il«l Sr ■ 

.\...1.ia IT , 


■»a\a 


r. 


'Itrwil 

IDr.ril 


|I' 






■T. 


V-iMii' lliixi.i. T c ' 


■.ii.-i.rj! !"!!!! 


I.' 


:w,~.ii,„i,.-... 


'lie 






III. 


Bfil. Ai...ri.-4.|IU 1 




r. 


;.M.-ii 


;ki' 






Ih' 


T-rl.ri- '.Jd 




1', 


s....ii4i.a 


It.c 




i-.«.:r. 

r.nh'i-L'.'.'.'.'.'. 


1 


J*..l}i..... XI, 

Ij,2l.,i,.l 'I. c 

^.lal.■l(,u-M.;sc , 


■.i:m. !.!!..,!! 
I'Vi-'' 


r. 

1-1. 
r. 


'.\"i.>a 

Tru-^-M 

:Vwl'l.^buj' 

V.ri..-u. !,!.,.. 


IX c 
it'll 

He 




■Cjil... '.... . 


!"■ 


lit^i^MM';:,;; ■■!!!! 


:;i;;;I;:;;^;, 


1^ 

I'lr 


Ilinril 

,llii-. A....r.,4 


V .■ 








i:.i...!- \.- 


':iaii- ri ii..i ! ! ! ! 


lit 


lltn-.-Xm. M,.i 


III. 








!■. « N.: 






:n.-h Krtal.-- 


\ k 










'iiiiilH'rl.iii.l 


t. 


lr..|ir..M,.... 






■'''-■'■ 


iL 


wU. ,..-.. \-i\ 


'iiiiili' rl..ihl 


Ik, 


'Ul.'..ii;..,rg,- 


|j« 





k 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



iimfacrlind .. 
Bttmbrrluid .. 



r. BriL AniFiiu 
t. Aiutnlwia - ■ 

^fc DriL America 
. . Kb United Suia. 



■> 



in{hun ■ . 



EI(<ii|[utla ■ • ■ . 
New Grenada 

Afl'ica 

Ki|Didar 

Africa 



Kl 



^Pir lldland.. tij 
,. m. BriL Aini'riea .Fa 
..'McHril. Amri 
. .iTr. Mriico. . 
..■(■j.lhina..,, 
..'Pt. .Sew (irrn.ida. Oh 
. . '!>. .Soutli Ainrrica ~ 
. :i. CariLhran »)» 



llniil 

Kraiil 

PrjlTiwiia 

IhllTi. 

» K. Walei 

I'nlftniU.... 



D4crc* C, 

Dadaii |T. 

Dafana... 

I>i^let . . . 

DagbcMan 
Dago. 



Dafwnmb* 
Dabulinr. 



Ualil . . 
Dalilonega . 
DalMMney . . 

l>al>ra 

Ihlac* ... 

Il4ker 

IhU 

Ualai 



-Uiatic Rdi 
RiMWa .... 
Soudan.... 
Brit. America . li 



.Mb 



■}i! 



rolrhcirllT . . 
Cutli'r KtTipi* 

Cuiwa 

Coto 

Cnyo 

CnUM 

rridkriiW ' 

i'n«« 

fr"*-*" 

Ctcnk 

Cucliik 

rtaalulien . . 



lb.neiiciB .... 

r- .\frie. 

' llindo»Un . - 
llindiviatan . . 

tIriL America 
- iiindnoaUn - - 
ilindootan .. 
DriL America . . 
NrwIIoJUod.. Tk 
Drnmela U J 

1-; li 



ieRuoi.. 
Meditcrran.S^Oe 
■ Bare* .... 



. V.Diemni'iLd^%'T 
. llindooaUn ■ 



Uilcahuc T. 

Ihlhouaie T. 

Uall'i Itaj 

Dalrjmplo '('. 

UaiTur T. 

Damuu Ti 

I)aiuarcM| . 

llaiiia«ui! 
IXimbarui 

llainielU . 
I)aml(i7... 
IfainpicT*B . 

l>Dmpiei'a 'Str. 

lUmpiL-t-a 

Danipier'a (ir. 

Dana II. 

Itandc.. 
Uande.. 



Quinea .1 
AraUa. 

[:uii... 

HcnfoUa ■ . 
UcnsDlia . . 

CMU 

N. Branawick . tld 
NcirroundliLDd. 1 d 
Hcfhalita ., 

Arabia ,P B 

Afrira \yl 

.Ve«S.Wafea.lVI 
llindooibii ...Qo 



Srria ... 
Motapa.. 



Dii. 



Dane 



Danfvooa -- 
CanibDa.... 



, .ish. 

..II. 

Dantiic 'Cj. 

Danube 'R. 

DanriUe jr. 

Daoaua ■ - T. 

Itaoaria Or- 



Darnhora.. 

Daraii 

DarbcU . . . . 

Darby 

UarCouka.- 



. . . . <i I 



Nubia Uk 

Bfypt he 

Kiuua Oa 

New Holland. .Ui 



.ViMralaaia . • . .;■ • 
Malaysia JU j 



Bi'knchiatan ..Qr 
Spilabnvto ...<M 
Cafw adDny . . N 
Indian Ocean . "^ 

NewaWali^! 



Ja"rr.' .'!... Ue 
AtMie Tarkcy'N a 



Narth America Bb 



CONSULTING tUDtX. 



U^rfur 

Dariuu 

Uitnuikavi .. 

Duk 

Uu Kiiinaiu 

UvltuUa 

JUiUline 

D,irlinglon . ■ . 
Hit Mcihiua .. 

Ilir Miixw Lai 
Dinibiy 

Uix Ruii^ - - ■ 
Itu I'miiurki . 

Ifcinrl 



Aablic Uiuui 
. Hd. Onankud . 



. Di.. 



Afric 



Knoland.. 

iXufa.... 



Ihiniiiat 

UiiuHiin 

Daupliin 

i»"v.^".",;."'.; 

Pitii 

Iliivill liiUKlt . 

iJaviV. 

mvjV 

>tay 

IHyfai 

Ikait 

Itrad 

Ilu>d 

Itc AliiuiJuaci ■ 

I»IBU> 

Ifcianc.-^ 

IVjuw*)i 

Dean 'lluimpioa 

IK'lMi 

Ik'bn'ra........ 

I>:hn;liui ■ ■ . • 
IlL-cal 

IhCKUt .... 

Ucddiu 

IMo t'liuiiBiu-i 

lfc« 

ttttt 



Allaiitic (Jceui 



.'T. Arabi-i.. . 

. 1*0. Mailagaaror 

. I.. Itril. Aiuirii 

. IIu. Ilril. AuKTi 

.;Pu, V. Diimiii'BLd. V 

.IMU ilriL Amccica 

.In. lAlinilur . . . . 

.W ScurdiT'ii 1j1 

. !l. 'Oregon 'T.r... 

.Ft. :\i-n S. VValt-a 



:>e IWU 

l;<: JUL'I>... 
IhKay:..,.. 
l)cl.Atnij.. 
IXljJtua . . . . 
IX-I Aacd . . . 
Ul- Lnnglu . . 
Dc ii Vila . . 
Ih^n-aiu - . . 



Ihlivinti'v ... 
Ihlivirann: • • , 

. Ih.' LulKm 

lie hw Itvf (I . , 
Ucl.lK<!l 

UclPudn: 

DrI I'l'n'griuo . 
IMOey 



Itaj Brit. AiiH'i 
K. Hrii. Ami'i. 
n. lEIriLAuiuri. 

T. I 

T. '. 



■-a . [)b 

. Pf 



AfHis 



Nubia |Uf 

Mialcliwrii 

L'nitrd C^tatci. 
United Slatv-K. 
RucnM AjTtf 



Mcii< 



HIndo 



. .h'y- '.^ui'trii !\ii 

..K'- l-Vurth Anir riea R h 
.. I. ((.nith SlieUiud II Ii 

■■r- |fH»m Md 

..Rk. Aftka )i>i 

.T. lAral^j ^1 r 

,.|l. Ilril. Aim'iiM .'F c 
. . Su. 'llrJL Aiiirrica . (i b 
..K. ;HriL \iiu'ri<-a .;Fc 
. . i(. lirit. Amrrica .,F b 
. • If'i. RriL Atucrka .Y c 
,.«-. Spi 

, l(. 'i'arl 



I Iknilx. .! 
i I).mb.. Ki._ 
Mh«iyan-.k. .,..jT. 
I |lcinyaruika....lK. 

Ilr Niiiurlhuaia .1. 

Urnbicb '(-. 

(Mul-'r K. 

IN-i,™-!....- ....IT. 

IK'nlKj ^Ut^ 



I>mmarh 
h'tdilrn'otliiliu 
Itaralo... 
I' l>c raiim. 



. Jk 



"B 



. Kf 



.Uf 
. Kf 



tJUmalra j^ii 

TurkcjOd 

Ilui'iuK Avm ..II I 

S-ebolUu ,Ve 

AuHlnlaiiia -. .'W'J 
Aiu.tralaHU .--[Vi 

I^Hiiiiadu ^V J 

llucniM Ayn-* ■ 1 1 
B>.livb.......llk 

Africa *l.h 

.Mriicu !*'f 

I'«lrn™a jHj 

rat«iruu>B llm 

Eitypt "« 

NvwUrcBuU .^'ii 
rBlanmia ....Ilk 

" lln 

.l|h 



llrit. .Auicric* .it-b 

" ::;;;;:;:lf 

iinia |0 1 

> Ni 

> Ni 

i<.'»u»ia.Ur 
icBuMia.Uc 

PutaJlaiiJa 11b 

NuTtJi AiiKfira B b 

Afiica Illr 

a Sb 

Holland. . t'i 



I'L •>'» llulland. . ' 



"v ;y B 

I Itui'liariiiUd 



, Ik- I'i'i 
i. |v-py.i,.r 
:l Ih- I-H'dra 
illl.-ri..lra 



t^ 



.■■i\r 



. L« 
_ I'ariGc Oc: .K* r 

....Vi. ll'itsFonu.. 
'P..|yw.U.. 

IH. nraiit 

PL Patacoiiia ....jllB 



>1. I 



nil .. 



. llrlH Itniiid hiAli'l 



CONSULTING INUEF. 



ltoraliaieuKitui|T. ^Simlv . . 

Ikrhriit ' r. A-ikli<: 1 

IlcrlluDd T. IIuuluu>i 



....;r. 



Nuliii 



lliwn l>. 

Mikiuu i:iujot..''rt. 



' llil.. 



...T. 



«A;m.iil 



":|i; 



twpi . 
IK-rr... 

IN^rvairli It. 

Ilniaeiiiili'ra ...Ia Hi 

\h- SjkU L1ira . i:. ;>i 

Un Avti jl. VeiiciiKia .... Ilf 

IKiAcoir <~ |.Si»mby-iI«l..'Ka 

UnciNiacid* I'L .Mciicu IK f 

IlEKiiU .1. |Wl')1 Indid. . . jll I 

IlnH-ncnii'i jUaj ralo^iniia 'llm 

[Irwrt I>- |liMliuiIia'Ui..ll'm 

IkwrU '1. lM«]<riu ;Kii 

IKwrtcil >■. 'ra.ieiMiia II ni 

IW Krantaia ■• .'Po. 'Norlli AiucricaC c 

llolul ;T. jlVTMl iPc 

Wf 

llm 



I>-Ilh. 

Dili^incc jl. 

< DiniilruTik 11'. 

Diidui 'l. 

Itiniukn .Sti 

l>in«|^>l>un: !l'. 

Itiiwpuru ;T. 

Uimliicul 'T. 

Uiadory T. 

' UinKlu Ite; 

Din<|UltDl '" 

DiiUiiulikoi — 
I UiMppuintiuvut 
' UiuiilwinliiKiil 
i DMa[>lioiiit»H:iit 
; IIUGU 



!Po. I'.lJCMiia .... lim 

.....;R. WiMHuinTtr. Fd 
'in. loii4UHi.u....|ct([ 



Iti^hkin H' , 

IkvKna :I. (I'oIyL.._ 

l)r»itr !Po. I'.lJCMi 

IV-.M"iii '" ■■' 

IhwUd*. 

Ilnolaliaa V. Tiueuni 

l)H<4alion I. Iiiiliui On-ui .. it ■>■ 

l>>stnic(iMi I. |On'gnnTcr....'l>d 

IMkiiii :R. (Ku»i> Xb 

DoTouro Pu jRr..iil !Ji 

IK-niPoDti ....X*. .Ibviri,! M il 

'L. |WiMo«m T.T.'t' d 



lli« 

llillvan .■ 



! DivRud |R. 

' Dixan iT. 

Diiuu'ii iKot. 



RufnU. 

AuatraUria . . . 
P<JjiK»ia 

I.' ju^iiUnd'!!.' 
Ilk. SuiubcTKrn . . . 
T. ilinduoaua . . . 

ilindootUn . . . 

[lindoostBii . . . 

Hi-'. 



]>,Mjbati It. 

HJ..I" Ui 



tlcTil-* .... 



Wi«aii.in Tir. F d Ihiii 



. I a 



Nuilh An^ 



Arabia .. 
Draiil . . . 
|K. Ru-U.. 



IhiVrii'* llay'Java 

IteWiiillinttNi.l't. Urit. Aiiw-rii 

ItaWill-a Il.d. iNcw llclliin 

tV-rtrr'a I. Pulyiieau .. 

D(cfbinik<>i....jT. Aautic Riw 

IMnU T. ArabU ... 

Dhalac J. lR<-dSia... 

Maarabciri. 



IMarbekir.. 
Uibbah.... 
Dihbic 



DirfoRi 
tMj... 

Dieppe.. 

DlMt 

Jhghj,.. 

Di^JF... 



Braiil 'I j 

Somatca sli 

Aiiatralaiua....|Wj 
Aiutk Turki'jOe 

Arabia P f 

Alria \h g 

1, - "' 

Boutliem Ocean ^L □ 
Indian Ueean.. 



. Ikirv R. iJ 

IViclriiu iT. I 

. -Ikrfar r 

I DufrclKia.. 

r T>ot 

I Dof 

Dosdw .. 

!>]> Kib Indiana 

D<Ji[anota 
' DolKoi .... 



U 



Doimi 



....|lln 



Timor.. 

Prance 'M d 

France Ld 

Kara Scmla... lid 
Kcrr>eli:n-.U.,Um 



I'olfneaia. . 



Nor.« J 

Afhca 

Bay e( Btnpl 



CONSULTING INDEX 



Ihiiitira ElL'sd-.-iC. 

Duni'tpl !T. 

Donutak jT. 

Uongi jCty. 

DcniBoU Ct}r, 

Uon^la iT. 

Iloni^a 'Hajr 

IhHiian |Uis. 

IXinliiii ,R. 

I)amiini>c 'I. 

Dnniiai T. 

DudIuqiiI L. 

UuDluanl .R. 

] louraHmB 'T. 

Uooihak Oa. 

Uurali T. 

Uarehn'lur T. 

Uori'liiiler ('. 

Doriiocli T. 

Durouhdi '1'. 

Doioiiiiiik T. 

Uorre I. 

Doml C. ' 

[)a> KurcBiloa. . . R. 
]>ai.M<iiili.-a....'R. 

UmVabiii r.. 

Ilotiul JK 

Dntamca |Tr, 

Uotumu jT, 

Doublo ,n. 

DouMr Uluiil . . PL 

Uoubno :T. , 

])aulilDhi;nlu]ra.,T. 

OnuUrul 'Ip. 

Doabtful jllnr 

Doiula |R. 

Domlinikoi It. 

iillua R. 

DauKliLy ,L 

Duuftlu T. 

bouj[lu Ilirr 

Douivc* Hiy 

I>aiiIigoulick. ■ .'R. 



fS 



.Cayloa... 
RiwuJi . . 

Nubia... 



NoiWBV 

Brit. Anwrica 
B^i^ Amfrica 
.Vi^ialic Turkey 

C'BboI 

Pvtha 

I>iwirr C-anRdo. 
Bril. Aincrici 

Scolluid 

.^iiialic Ru>*ia. 

AiiilnbBia.... 
Bril. America . 

Brii»il.'.".'.'.'.'.\ 

Rruil 

Rnizil 



Nc»S.Wb1w :.w\ 

Ri»<ia |Vg 

'.\i>i]lic Rikisia.M )■ 
'Au.ilnki«ia....!Tl 



AnUlic RiioHiB. K b 
Ai.ial>cKii.Hla.'Sa 
.Vurlh Anu'riua'Dc 
t...n->-f('ii>iida.llJ 
Si-nh Aiiirrica II c 
Rril. AiiH-riei .^'b 
(irrrnlniiil .... la 
AmIirRuuia.'Cb 



Drosich 

D. ItiKkTigii 
Dmgticila . ■ 



>n<l.. 



Bf7P« 

R. OnniiT.-r. .. 
Uk. aoaOi America 

Irrhnd 



Norway . 
Norway.. 
Miehiffi 
Nc* 



....'F.I. Ml 



TUM . 
niibrt . 

Tliibct . 



b : Druiiii 



Druiiitnandtan . .'T. 

, Dry Bk. 

\V'y I-"'!- 

■llrvKurk. 

IJsakuToiii,™..--. 

Ifcunlarliunfr ...|T. 

DmIpIiou 'R. 

I D«;linla-kiii . . . . R. 

Duliliii \-y 

llubuiTuc I'l- 

!>ochiiro ..T. 

llucicii (1. 

Duc:k 'l^ 

Durilry DicB* . . '<■'■ 

Duir ;I. 

Diir» ....iGr 

DuWa !T. 

Duitiican T. 

Diikc urnnri'iicc I. 

niiki- ..f Kml'ii. Bay 

niikrorY.jrk' '" 

niikrorViirk' 

UuhF(ifY<vk- 

Ihike (if Vurk'a. lUy Rrit Aim-tjca 

llukia T. |Ai»iria. 

Iluli-c i:. Unili 

Uulcr H. 'Runn 

Dulwirh . 

Dumlrir!! 
Ihmnbiir;! T. 



S.\Val» 



Irt'laiiil ;i.c 



UaDlchooria . . V 

Polfflmia 'rj 

America ,11' 
America . » 



.Vfiica jN 

LouDi V 

Tolynnia 'A 

Bril. Antcrici . I' 
Drtl. .\incrica . I: 
INorih America II 



HunKM Arm ■ . 
.S-eirS.Waka. 
|.Mabtyiiii . , 



Dim... 
Uonr.. 



..fill. Ii 



...I. 



IliiiicaD(liy'i 
Diiiulaii .... 

l)iinda< 

])jn<Ia>. . . . 
Diinilai. .,...,. r. 

l>iiiiil>->- T, 

Ihimira Kiy 



l. U. I'acificlte...' 
I. S. Pacific Oc...' 
lid !f eotUiiil ' 

I. \\ttut .. . 



\'i\ 



Ihiniii 



....'1. s.i-a.,ii..iv...ii h ■ 11.1 



i<)frE»nTcr....i 

ViAymni 

Ih'iL AmericB .1 

Scollanil 

linmlaiiil ....< 
■Hrit.Amirio.' 



Ihiiilri-S Ihnirc. Ml-. .Vi'B S.Wal,-. 



(xjnsi'Ltim; indkx. 



»P'> 

auju 

Iiiiiii 

nliird 

iifiirii 

nfurJ N>»«. 

nm 

kv 

«ldorr 

cli 



UlMI. 



fn'mm. 



rlii-ri 

i»ijr'« 

ibin 



,na. ■ 
r*i< . . . 



T. . Mi'xiro 

T. j I'lirhi y 

T. Kn;;I.LiHl 

yu ..VtriiTa 

:|*t. 'farir.irii 

'(*. ;Mada(^«<-:ir .. . 

I. ;« )n';;«>ii '!'« r. .. . 

Hiy -N'l-w Z^mIjiiU. . 

Cy- PrUMtia 

Sfi. Indian Oi.taii .. 

Tr. MuiitrliiM<ru . . 

In. Auofr.il iNia . . . 

T. .\>h>'iiitcu 

Is. S-ituluii 

Sta. \Vi>f(Tn 'iVr. .. 

I{. KM<w«i.i 

i. |l\ilviiefKi.i 



I.: 

If 

[f 

i-i N'liiiaiiwi.' 
iicv Willi lot 

3 

I 



I. I "ain- ( 'oltiiiy . . 
<'. illrit. AiiK-rira . 



• ■ ■ ■ 



: Anilarnan'* 
I liithiiia • • • 
: lirjiic-h .. . . 

jcr 

«r 

cm 

cm (i»ri*|i. . 

(■rn- I. -J a] . 

. Iiii>ii <'«*«. 

', M A Jl . . . ■ . 

1 M''i» . . . . 

. MriiH 

: Ml l^jfiii 
rn 



I'i 



lO* 



n 

^ ■ ■ * 

i!iibil . 

|»SU . . . 

\ 



Din. Ilcrgiio 

I. Indian <Vr.in . 

It. Indian Oci-.m . 

III. lint. Anicrii .1 . 

I. Ni-w />mUiii|. . 

i'. Ilrit. Aiiu-rii-a . 

U. .Mad.ij;aM .ir. . . 

Si a ■S|lit^lK'rul ii . . . 

I. Kalklaiiii Is.. . . 

iMal>ivi>i-i 

. Vi^i.ilic iiii-sia 
.Madsi:.''aM-.tr. . . 
Ni'M- /i-aliiid. . 
Aliliriu>*i l>laiitj 

Java 

Nt^w (iiiirii a • ■ 
l<jy of Ib-ii^al. 

I>i«. |{iiv'*>a 

K. Hi it. Aim rii J . 

I. rijyiioia 

('!«. I Africa 

Sea AMa 

i«. \i]strala^ia .. . . 

t'lv. (• t-« nl;iii>i . . . . 

I. I*rr>i.tii (•nif . . 
Cty- HriL .\iiM-rii t . 
ifii. Hrit. Aiiit-rif-i . 

II. lint. .\iiit-riiM . 

MUlNiW ll'.lllllif.. 

T. iVnii-\Ii-'u;i.i. . 

Hril. Aii>-'X!iM . 

Maiiii' 

r.otrMl' n I^li-4 . 

Tartiry 

C'y. IL'niii 

I<b l*iilyiir^ia 

U. .Spniii 

T. Nnl.i.i 

Iw. - \ii»tril.i>ii .. . . 
I. \u<tr.ili<'i \ .. . . 
Ixi. -N'ow I lull iiiii .. 



77 

|\ d 

\.r 
(Ii 
Ilk 

>j 
I)l' 

X in 

Mc 

Oi 

I'd 

V i 

Ml 

Fr 
4) b 

\i 
N 1 
Mb 
.\ I 



I. 
4". 
('. 
C. 
Vt 
Pi. 
Pu 
U. 



U 

r. 

I. 

I.. 



.1 



Pi 

Qi 
Kr 

X 1 

t'a 

Na 

A b 

»•.! 
\ I 

lid 

Ti 
Vi 

\ b 
i)c 

i:k 

Nk 
If 

ri 

J a 
Pf 

i; c 
<; r 
il c 
Tl 
(i d 

<; <• 
lid 

M h 

gi- 

M II 

XU 

\.h 

«M* 

Tl 

Vin 

Tk 



Nuia ol i'^ira. Ac. < U« 

I 

I'Idi'n '1\ 

I'MrlltOll 'T. 

Kdlbii ( 'v. 

Kdtrar Pt. 

MdycrojiiU' ....('. 
Ki1;;c«-iiiii!n* .... I. 
l-^i;ct uiiiU^ .... li.iy 

Ivdiiia T. 

|-I<liitbur|c i.'\'. 

Ivdnioiitiili ,Ili>. 

I'^lsuii K. 

i:>lah Cty. 

II<-l.ih (*\*> 

1'^ lull K. 

Ki(mt«-hc I(. 

M;;rdcKniilidL- . . . \)i*. 

VllivTvc I. 

K;;^ liar 

Kctf R. 

■ .i^l^a • !• 

K^ina <«. 

IIi;liiiion t '. 

K:;inoiit I. 

K{;iiicint I. 

iliriiiunt U. 

K;;iii'>iit i\ 

Ki;>i»iiit Pii. 

Ki:»i(|i't -Ml. 

K;;oy !•*. 

K::tiun U. 

Iljvjit 1 'tv. 

I :i '. T.' 

I i 111 ■■•••■•■••■ ■&■ 

Kiiiiril 'T. 

KiL'bt JK^ri'i*. . . t'ii. 

Miiiii-o I. 

K;:illfii> T. 

Kk.iriiia I. 

Kka>i(.i(-li K. 

Kkatrriiibiiri;. . . Cy. 
Kkati' run »<-i.tv .>li Pr. 
F'katirijii»»'l:i\ . . Cv. 
IIk:it!iLriiii{MJ . . '1'. 
IIk:itiii riniHl:ir . . T. 
r.kittht riii'iijrad. T. 

Mkrhturrli It. 

Kkiftii) T. 

IIkno4 T. 

Ilkrikolriiv ...... T. 

K!a!:lirMii K. 

r.i.mrr It. 

Kl Araiili T. 

i:i Ar.d hi-. 

i:i Ari»h T. 

I «lil^ •■■■■ ■- ■■• f «• 

Ml;i1»iii T. 

r.lba I. 

IMtap^oti T. 

■ •■m* • . . . ■•■•■• !%■ 
i:i Hiildah T. 



r^'j-is. 



37 



Rffl 



Syri 1 O c 

.Ntirlh (aniliiia G c 

l-I^fvpt ;Q f 

KalkUliil U.. . .|l n 
.North AiiitriiaK- c 
Au?>lralu*'ij . . . :X j 
.NVwS.V.iiJiii.lV k 

Liberia |j li 

Scfitlaiid JL c 

.\!<iutii: Turkey jo c 
Krit. .VuicfK-a .jK c 
\xi;4tl«- |{u<i>ia. ,r b 

Ai«ia lit d 

Sioiinan.i Qd 

S'N>n;;uria Q d 

Aiiiatir KuMtia. W b 
(■rci*iilai)d ... .'I b 

Norway Mc 

\«'w JcrM-y ... .11 c 
Krit. Ariic-rica .'Kb 

Soudan ^.M h 

iirci'vr iN c 

Urit. AiniTica .11 a 
Aii»tr4lA»ia . . . ;X j 
Indian (Vran •• Q ' 

Piilyncitia jC j 

Nfw /t'ulnnd. .'XI 
Went I nd iris.. .'I n 

.\rw il^'al.llld. .jX I 

Piilyiu'sia |V jf 

ilrit. .\nu-rii*a . (• <* 

.\trii'a ( ' f 

Amatir I{iJMiia.,T b 
Aniiitir Ituuia. <> d 

Norway |M h 

MaldivV U ...igh 
Polvnoia Jl i 



Swi di n 



Nb 



Ktirili- l.laiid«.;\yd 
.^Klittir ItiinMa. i' b 
Ahiutir KuMiia.lP c 

Uu«>ia !<> d 

Kii->in lO d 

RiKou ,() d 

A^i.ltll* Itii>iiia. tl d 
Aciatif liii«iiia. O d 
Asiatic Kll^^ia■l' b 

Swidcn ;N c 

Utis>ia N b 

I{il"vi:i Ob 

AM.it ic Itii!i«ia. It b 
* Iri jji-n Tl r. .. . 'K d 

•li>r<-i'i'> [< c 

Arabi I P f 

l*l»\-jit * • r 

Sw« di n N b 

itii^cii *l «■■ 

Mrd iti mil. Sea M d 

Tiirki'V N d 

III rill tny .... j.M c 
Ar ilisa P f 



38 


CONSLLTING l.VDEX. 






*-' '»-** |c-' ^^ 


rr; 


■■"-'-- 


','"* 


_"*_ 


"." 


Elbing 


..IT. IW-m 


nT 


Kl W;ili «) Ha 






V 


Bl nmken . . 


,.Tr. Arrirn 


i-e 


El Wahr' !'.!!. 


ih. 


%n« 


Kibunit .... 


..'mi. A-mliE lia«iia. 


Ud 


.Wa. 


Alh™ 


Mf 


U Oimboy . 


.,1. t!»Til*clulS«i.«)r 


Klwrnd 


. Ml. 'Pi-nia 


. Hr 


Kl C-omFnclo 


..;t\ DuliTia Hk 

..It. Ir.4.nd Kb 


KIWi...-|{..... 


i'f. r..««n 


. Ml- 


E^tJboTL' .... 


Kiy 


.!(^y ^i.Rl'-'l 


.:mc 


Elu... 


..B. M=iitclir«riu . . 


va 


KlylhU 


.'llf 


FAvvtaut ... 


..!!. .S,wtli Wirtlaoil 




Kmbu 




.Td 


Khphnnl.... 


. . M». M.».iiil>i.,uu . . 


I'i 


KlTll» 


■:«■ Turtary 


. Pd 


Klrph.m.... 


..j.Mt New UUUW..1 . . 


Vi 


KmUccB 


.'T. Ang..l» 


.;\i 


a-ta 


..T. R«..h 


I)C 


K>..h<!...i 


.T. Uoiiuvrr 




Klralheni... 


..I. Ilull<Ill>I» ..... 


lif 


Kiiil^iniiia .. 


..T. Loaneo 


..Mi 


KIcvc 


..I. h«ti«.Oc.-ur..'gi 


Kmlnn'"---. 


.;•!'. y-h>nffw...-n. 


-ilj 


Ktntn 


Ein.'r!,ia 


.'I. lAralNin Cuir 


-Rff 


Kl Fnii .... 


..T. lilrMT '.Vr- 


Krii.rul.1 


. 1. 4«oul]K:rnOc(.sn'n-ii| 


KIFuff 


..'t. K.ifjn IMf 


EtxiVa 


.T. Ubywimi... 


■!<i« 


drvrdiil ... 


..T. S«d..n Mb 


Kiiiicalu 


.;Sir. iKmnia 


.jtid 


I':](t:>nkii... 


..T. .\™iii.i 'Pf 


Kmil 


/k. |S««5.r«... 


.■Rd 


y.\(U7in.... 


..|T. lAIVina ;K f 


Km. 


.K. k«™«.v... 


.'Mc 


Rlil.>mi.l... 


..;T. .Ifcirb^rj- !'< f 


t^lKIDCn 


.n. Anbtic huwia 


- Ah 


Kl UaiMNirr . 


..■Sta. AIH'.i» 'M r 


^a.=In(t<^^ 


.;T. .Swishi, 


. .X 1. 


Kl™ 


..T. (■n».(W..ny..;Nl 
..T. 'Alf™ ^I.!f 


Bni.™ 


.'I. E««". 


- Xi. 


KUinsnc .... 


Enam 


.;T. !Ru«ii 


.:-Vii 


Kll» 


. . Ilk* Aiu.iniliiKU Wk 


Fiiwa 


■|)w.'\l.yMii.ii... 




faiHtaih... 


..1- I'..k".Ha jAk 


Knwnwnnn.. 


.1. liV/ynr-M .. . 


.'itk 


Kliulx'lli . . . 


..1. ,iVlv....-ia c;i 

..1. l'.J)-.llT.i!l 'l}k 


ffti'-ounlcr ... 


. Hay Npw S.Wal„ 




Kliubfili . . . 


Kn.-..iiiiter . . . 


.1-1. Ilhil. Aim-rko 


Jl>b 


Kliiahrll, . . . 


..X- NVtliAnKricajHc 


Kndi.aniiir . . . 


. H. yew S, Wafcn 


Jvi 


i':iisihFii> ■ ■ ■ 


..y. Srcl,»!H,. 'Vc 


KniliThy'i.. . . 


. 1.^1. |Snillt>.rn Orn 
, 1. iSmillii'rn (>cra 


.Po 


KliuMli . . . 


..iBiyAlrira 'N k 


KndiTby'...,. 


• Xn 


Kiiubnh . . . 


..in. .Ih-il. Arii.-rkii.(!b 


KiiiUtiiio 


, lli.rJj.r.m 


. Vd 


KliuSlli... 


..:lhr llrit. Ai>H.ririi.'>''u 


);ndi«» 


.T. lVo.il 


. Pr 


Kliulirlh^nd 


..'T. llil^Ma (Id 


Kiidni-id-s . . 


.7^. Sin- ll.illind. 


■ Tk 


Kliuih-Ui-*.. 


.. 1. Ail-lrnU-ii .. iVi 


Kndiirrinii . . . 


.T. .\.il.U 




Kliuh-lli 'I'imn. T. V. IH.ih't.'h I^. V a, 


Knf.mW IVnlii 


. 1. \V.hm-*h .. . . 


- -*J 


KlJ-m 


..T. Tii..i- M.- 


Ktijn.,.. 


.1. Malaym.... 


■s.' 


WJ.«.ril... 


..T. <'i.m irk 


i:..;-=n,, 


-I". H,j,i 


"5 


l-:l K.0.1I . . . 


.. K. .V^LtirRl»L>>n.Xli 


liiyi.™. 


-C. .I.„i,„ 


Kl Kn».r . . . 


. . T. .M..f.H-™ 1. 1- 


Klif'-l-* 


. I. .N..r*.v 


Mb 


K\KMiS... 


..(■}■. Arahij Pf 


Kii«land 


. Kiii.Cfkl ftricin 


- I.r 


Kih llnni . . - 


.. K. .Mi!-«mri Tit. . V d 


Et.i-lili.-l J.... 


.f, Htit. Aimrin 


• lb 


Kl lAm<l"ii . 


■T. S,.mt,.» I. a 


Er.i'ti.h 


.Cli. Kiirni- 


'l.f 


Kl [viiishni.li 


.-T. K,z,»r. Mf 


Kiislivli 


.Sli. S„,iil„.niih-i.a 


I'K i 


Kllrrwni.... 


.. llur l>'.»'rrNrir..ui..'Ju 


i:ii;:li.li 


. I!ir ■•.i.iliiiiiiU -.. 


lib 


Wlifr 


.. I. Hril. Ai.iiriiM.i'h 


Ensli-ll 


.R. Alri.-s 


'<< k 


HUra-i (Jmiii 


.. \-. i:>w„.-^u ,X i 


Ei.i;)l-b 


. R. Mm. A<iHnr.i 


Kr 


taUrhpnr.-... 




t:ii>-ti<I< ]{»-<'r 


ThH. Ilril. Ain.tii'i 


. Er 


Wli.rfl 


..T. .Mi.-i..,|.,.i---.i:.- 


Kii^'m-ffl 


T. mrb.rv .... 


Mr 


KInn' 


..T. ll.„.l..^l.'„. ...Ks 


Klllr^-i 


T. A-i..li.'ll.i-^<3 


. Sr 


M Mnkk.'rir. 


..T. .\-„l,ii k)c 




l>». .Wl.'Ulu'L. ... 


. I. Il 


K(M-'n''.>r<i, 


..T. «..nr '[.,■ 


t^ItZ-u::::: 


1. ■Ir.-I.M.U 


Kb 


»mi<i.> 


...I'l. A^lniK.... I.li 


Knmv 


T. .N,„«„v.... 


■ M( 


Kif»ut>- 


.. 1., r..lw..~14 'XI. 


E.i,> 


T. I!.,..,.- 


tl t. 


KlnK^i'-fiK'n 


..sm. .-i.iliM H i- 


Kpi.,11 


T. c>-..;,„.y. 


M 


Kllll.l.l!.),, 


.-T. ri„ii Ilk 


E...I .....1 . .1.' S^ 






Kir.(...... 


■T. l-h::, Ilk 


lt..r..i..>....i.. 


'r. Ihw..., Air.. 


- 1 1 


KIlM.ivn.- 


■■■>: M. -.„... K(- 


1:.. ■ 


T. Kj, Ml. ..",.,. 


Hi* 


J:[ S;.aii ... 

i!hi".V' '.V. 


..i- M,-"r. v.- 

.. I-... M...,...,i|, . .s,l 


lir^::::; 


n. Ili.'l. Ani.i..ii 

IV. II. .\.r.. 

■|'. 1', f. . 


i:h 


Wv... 


..T. r..il..-,l.. .. 1 ,- 


i-:v;.:...:: 


I. I',.lu...i.... 


Ak 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



39 



i4 nwN> &e> 



, KpkrniiKiv T. 

l-!{iiphaiic ,(*. 

K^iM'iirth '!*(• 



ftaMln. 






kt. 



H 



KuMfiiu |0 c 

C-yprusi .O c 

BriL Aiiirrim . K b 



Bet 



KiJikouth 
KxploiUi . 
KydaJ . . . 
Kvco .. . . 
KyUu . . . 



; l^iuafi'tr Rip ^SfMitJi Ajurrica ,11 i 

|-Ii|iiadnr DvivR'iii.itiDr ,<t i 

' Kriiin*k« T. jAiiUtir Rui«!«ia. 'U b 

Kri'i;iip !• il'ulviioii X b 

ErckM ry. ! AuMlir Turk.-v O d 

. Kri kli 'Bay .\*klic Turkey |0 d 

I Krfurtb ,T. 'rriiiiNi.t M c 

Kr^Ltu R< -Stun^ria Q d 

VsTfihi \'V. iMtiiiffdlia 'T d 

! FZric T. P<.-nii!tylv.tiii3 . . ■< J d 

l- jNortb Aimrif • H d ' Fay^rbult 



KwiTl 'C [Scomiby'ii I^. . 

KxctLT 'Cy. jKngland 

Kxctcr Day lirit America 



Kb 
Lc 
Mb 



G. New il..Uaiid..Tk 
. Kny ! Nvwruitiidlaiid .'Id 

T. jlciLiiiid Kb 

\K\, Soudan 'M h 

;T. iPruwia Nc 



Fadcfiiknr 'I. 



F.idi'n.llotim . . . 

Fadihh 

Fadla 



Krio 

Krivan ,< *y. Aniatir RiinKi.i . O d 

Krivan iL. {Aitiiitic Uiis.-ii.L.|< > d 

KrUu T. ' Auitri:! N d 

Knnihcia R. 'Asiatic RiiM>ia. <^ b 



Hrroiiianvo I. 

Krrt>nan ■• 

Kr/triiiii Cj, 

y.**. andftn ,T. 



[Au«lr.ila>u.. . ■ \ J 
|Aiii«trnlx«i.» . . . \ J 
-Axintii' Tiirki.A'0 d 
,Ai«i:ilic Turkey O c 

'Mixico Ft* 

k'idvno»ia \ g 



1 F:-rlii iiolll -I. 

' KMchhnlu Ray 'NutOi Aiiu riiM R b 

F.Hki Shchr T. ': Uinlic Turkr> « J c 

K«ini'ralda!i .... 'T. 'K<]uadi)r <' b 

fv«iurraldaa .... T. Vciifznt U .... II l> 



Kjrypt ...Of 

Ntirlh Aiiu-rio.i R h 



frUncb jT. 

I F!iipeiibcr^ ,C 

■ Kvprrance ..... Ray iXew Holland . . IM 

I FVipiritn Saiito . . Pr. Rranil J j 

Kttpirito Santo . . T. ' Rrazil J k 

I K^pirito Santo . . T. !(*uba <» f 

; (Npirito Santo . . Ray Mfxico ^^ K 

K^qutmaax Tr. [jabrador II c 

K*H]uiinaux I. Il^abrador II c 

K»riiiiinaux V. Rrit. Ann'rica . K b 

K«ipiiinaux Vil. .S<>ori>by'ii Ld.. K a 

F^Ncnn jT. i Alrica •^* i 

j KMH-qurbo Vol. Guiana lb 

I Fl«ir<]iipbo R. ;Guiana I h 



|->t!>oiiia 18. Tr. 

F^trvmoz T. 

f>ntla T. 



.Rusnia N c 

Rraid J i 

Mfsico F p 

Nd 



Rxzi'k T. .\uKtna ... . 

KtawfM*j I«. ;Rrit. AincricM . F c 

Obin R. ,M(in|roIi» S d 

l^thiopian 'Arc. Indiin ( )ucan . . I' j 

Etna - Mt. , Sicily M t! 

I Ktnn Cvol T. Snontfaria R d 

[ Eunicc'p 'I. rolyni>ia A k 

Kupbratofl R. j Ania V v 

Eunien '( '. 'Japan V d 

KiiFopQi Rk<« Indian < >«>< an . . O k 



Ku^tis L. 

Fvan!< In. 

I Kvxnin^ I. 

' Kvratbcrbry . . .|l. 

Evora ,T. 

: Evrcux ,T. 



^MiiMtouii Ttr. . K d 
Rrit. America . G b 

iPolyneiiia l' b 

jNortb Anurica II c 
.Portiic.il I, (• 



1 Fran 



«■•• 



Md 



T. 
T, 
T. 
T. 

Fahliin T. 

Fahupcx) I. 

; FaiUiO Pt 

iiiir >••••••••. ,1. 

Fair fir Id StA. 

Fair Fun land ...('. 

Fiiirwiatbi-r .. . .1*. 
[ FairwcjlbiT . ...('. 

FairweatluT .... IMU 

Fairy 'l, 

r J la na •>••••.•. i. 

F:il.ilcp I. 

FaU'nn 1\ 

Falcon {in. 

F.tlcf)n*fi ;I. 

Fali'inc R. 

, Falkhind Is. 

Fall Indi&nji. . . .jTr. 

F.IU R. 

FalU R. 

j FulinoutJi T. 

Fttloo II. 

■F.iU. 'Bay 

Falm* 'Bay 

Ful«»o Capf HoriiC. 

Fubn; Wavliita ..iR. 
' Fal*o !C\ 

FaUtir 1. 

Fiiiia(;ii>t'i ^T. 

, Family ;L. 

' Fanaflo 'T. 

anj^-mmj; I. 

Fani;-liian(; .... i\. 

Fauhf a iT. 

F.iiiiuiNto T. 

Fanlinirtao l. 

Fannin^'ii I. 

Fani>bawi.' ;(*. 

Fanlec ,l)ii>. 

Fara<i:iv ( '. 

■ 

Fa ra tn nj; I i:i no . . j R . 

. I'arahabad T. 

■ Fai:ili.'< I. 

FaruIIiMic jlfi. 

. Farrtd I. 

• Fart'WfU I. 

.'Farrwtll JC. 



I Asiatic Riiitsid. V a 

(•orti |Ld 

Atfka Oh 

Arabia Of 

Sweden N c 

Swrdcn N b 

p4ilyncua ,V ^ 

Rtirnco .T i 

.S:utlnnd 'L c 

, Western Ter...Kc 
Spitsbcrc^eii ... .Ma 

Pataj^onia II n 

'.North AmvricrfC^c 

North .\iMericd V c 

I Brit. Aim-rica . K b 

jSencgambia ... l*h 

jPolynisia V g 

jAltricTH L c 

Patagonia II n 

Polynesia B k 

Senega m bia . . ..!• g 
■Soiithi rn Oeix.n I n 
ilirit. Anil rica ..K c 
()r«'g<"i T<'r... . K d 
Ortjrnn Ter. .. .1) d 

Knifland L c 

Polynt'sia . . . . W h 
New /raland. . X 1 

Afrira.. .N I 

|P'ita<;^iini.i ... .,11 n 
[\Vc>tfrn Tcr. .'t' c 
'rruEruay .... II 

IVnmurk ..M c 

rypruii O c 

Brit. America . K c 

BrarU J j 

|M.in1cbo(iria . . U d 

k'hina To 

k'ori'a ,t' e 

.Xlrica ,1' g 

lioria to 

P(ilyne«ia B h 

Brit America . G a 

Anhantie I« h 

Siiuth .Shetland J o 

.\!ri»'i I* k 

IVrMa Pc 

Piilyrit-nu V h 

Me:itro lU C 

lAsia Qh 

Piilyne^ia , A j 

Gritnland !I c 



CONSULTING INIEX. 



Kiro 

Fkroc 

FirquW 

VumiSKf 

Fmi 

Fartuh 

Fartuh....... 

Falchio 

FalUranita 

FallotdiB 

FatuWa 

Favorilo 

Fais 

F«jd 

F>;<!ltc 

FajettLTillo , . . 
FnyeUnilla . . . 
Foir 

fS> ..'.'.'.'.'.'. 
FcdoiicliiL 

fV^.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. 

Feia 

Fclttkirch 

FeWj Atotlon. 

Fflu 

Fdli 

FGUaUi 

Fdlibcit 

Fcloaii-u 

Fenaliea 

Fwiftue 

rcDUan 

t'timo. ..'.'..'.'. 
Feriundiii* ■ ■ . 
Frrnando Nonra- 

lia 

Foiaando Fj . 

Fmato 

Ferokabad ... 

Ferro 

Ffrral 

Fwml 

Fmol 



?: 



Nuw Zealand. 
Sonegambli ■ . 

rortugal 

NoitliLTn Ocean 
NewHoUuid.. 

PolyneaiK . . 

Arabia .... 

Cocea 

PulynnU.. 
Senffunbla 

OnptD Tor. 
No«th Cureli 

NmIIi Cariilina 
rit. Aiiicric; 

Nubii 

AuDtic Runi 
ENilrncN* ■■ - 
AnbU .... 
Polyncia... 
l^1)Jnuria... 

MMiy^'... 

Afliea 

Ilrit. Am eric I 



DriU Ainrrica 
Awalic Bunii 

Mciiro 

.ManlL'lioaria . 
Poljn 



■mton . . ■ K K 
7 Iilanda K f 

f— Ci 

dpdn ta.d 

Pm Ui 



Fi^''!fn" 
Fikln..'!! 

Filek 

Filning-ch 

Finland.. 

■inU,.... 
Inley.... 

Firando . ■ 
Fire 



Fi»liing,.. 
t'likcRH . . 



Fit Boira 
FlBtllrtdi. 
Flat Ilnda. 

HalUTy 

Haltvr; 

Flainian 

Flindcr-a'Wmk 

Hint 

Hinl'i 



AuBlic Rui 



Bril Arocrica 
-■Norway 



Bril. America - 

Lnalrh 

-'nlvnaia 

Md-jn...... 

.Uantcltooria ■ ■ 
Encland 



?pit*bercui . . , 
Btf or Bcngii. 



Kl»M. 

OnjpM Trr. .. 
Thwoo Ter. .. 

iJrrgonTrr. . 

IV. ^Orriron Tit... _ 

Ho. ;t)neon Trr. ..Ed 



r. 



t>d 



Fc(hilji>d fL Scull iiid.. 



. IHfc Afri" Vh n^yn 

i.Snjtljnd I. c (lunw 

I'djimia |f" i I ntni 

. Arrica KMi I Murci 



l\c»S.Wak..lVi 

ti. .Nnrth AnHTkaC • 

Seonraby'i Ld. K i 

Rr. ;ALi>traU«a ... W 

IIL fiuiana Ih 

l|. {Pnirnfia jBj 

|l. 'Irrdnd 'Kb 

("v. Tiucauj . . 
Y. Abluna . 

.Fb 



.|1. 



, . . II 

Ib'tiiii llj 

r. l'nit<-dSuir*..ki f 
JTiTidn Hlf 



tUNSl'LTlNt; INDEX. 



-h — 



•. Kloridi 

M.ljy»i 

IK-imiirk 

NcHluuiiilluid. 
Cip- V.n] l«. . 
Nurlli AiiU'tica 
Nnrtli Ai 



iMe 



. .A-h, 



S'cir lIuTlud. 

BriL Adk' 
biL AiiK-i 



Ii Auk 



a II L' 



KwiLi Jal^n.■■ 
lTllnl.... 



>'lllCI« I- 

ii;i.ii I*. 

iH4i ;i. 



nun« i" 

rtWurnr.... 'I 

ij »W iv-! 



K.,iil 

K."il 

K-u! 

r.uU 

FriiiUi]<i'i;;i>u . . 
I'.iulHi-jiJirr. . . 

Kvulwiix! 

Kuuidi 



Amiilie Riuxu ■ ^ 

Sirvdrr : 

BriLAniciiu . 1 

(•mti'tD^ ,.,,f 

.Atiivx. '.'.'.'.'.'.'. A 
. Afrio I 

Srw U-jdiii.'. I 

\V>.ni. ■....'.'.'■ f 

. lUth-mfv-a... I 
. l':i>t.m St'j. .. . I 

Altica 

Kanlrrn Sci. . .'I 

'.\fiin ; 

J DriL America . I 
iAiulraljKia....' 
. Ni-W RWali-. . 1 
ir lint. Anuricj . I 
CuMty lulra .,'1 
Iniliui (lu-sn .,( 
. Biir. America . 1 
y \rwn.uiii1b>Dd. I 
. Iniliuil)cvan..'l 



:i«,-.itn 

y,.Vu!.ia 

Srullind'.!!"!; 

Aliira 

llft(rniiT.r.... 

.Mnnlcliinria .. 

Mada[;aFcar .. .'i 
. Nrw /I'aland. . I 



Fax.... 
Fm..., 

Fdhhiu |C. SpiLibrrpn . 

' FniiM Vtj, turopo 

Fnncc 'I. jlndian Onai 

Franci. I. rol¥ii«ia .. . 

FwncL. k: JKc^url™'. U.|ji , 

Fnui^ain R. il'pprr CmiucU ■ U i 

Vngun T. \timil Ii 

FrBKui R. Sew tiivng.ila . 

Ftaiikliirt, F™ . J> iirmivij 

Fruikliirt 'Cj. 'Kinluckj 

FruikKirt "f. rriUKia 

Fra.iklin <>. Mia*.iiri 

Fniiklm -r. HVnimjliuiia. . 

Frankliu .Bajr Brit. .Uiirrica . 

Franklin 'l. .BriL Ainrnta . 

. Frinkiin ('. BriL Amirica . 

'Franklin I-'L BriL Anivrica . 

Franr V\. Ilniruii Tir... . 

Frajcr'* R. i»n'BonTiT.. , , 

Kink-ubur^ T. .(iuiana 

Krt^Itnalurtr.. .. T. Afrii-a 

. Fn-di tick Elo. BiiL Aini-tica . 

Frnli'rick Rf. Auilml'aia ., 

hvderi^abiiry . T. |Vir|,Miiia 

' FndcricktbBTf . T. ('a|i' t'uloiiy . . 

Frnkriokibari . tX Afrii-a 

Fmlrrirkahall . . 'I'. Svnlrn 

Fndrrickdiam.. T. Riviia 

Fh.'d< rirkalBiII . , T. -Nurwif 

Frcdrii['h-.lhal . . Sia. (•nviilaniJ 

I Fnitrrii'ktiin . . . t'jr. .N. Ilruii»v ick . 

" " .v. |\ciiliiiindlaiii]. 
. Ik. Idliraihir 



FriinJly.. 
Frinlaiid ■ 

^Frm..!!"'. 
, Frio 



;.\cw IluUand . 

K.'i5T«"'ia::;:: 

. AUantie Ucuii 



...liar New ir<Jlaiid. 

...T. il-nwia 

...U Ipulynoii <A j 

...Pk. ISimd«'i.-liI«Dd,Ka 
,..('. lUriL AuirricB .'(i b 

...f. iAftira 

. . . r. |Bniil 

...[IKs. llrci'iiliDd ... 
...^Str. |llriL AuKni* 

...|l. JNnr»ay 

...^Ii. |Sp(lahi't(ca .. 
.. .!hu. JBriL Aiiirrici , 
...]C'. [BHl Aiurrica . 



42 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



of Fbctiiftc. 



• • • • • 



CUa. 



I)i0. 
I. 
I. 
I. 



limikm. 



T. 
T. 
T. 



Fshoot 

Kuurtc 

Fu£rn. .. 
Fu^lcoc . 

Fuli*chow iCy. 

Fu!ikccn Pr. 

Fulda • • • • I'v* 

Fulda 'cry. 

Fullcrton JC. 

Fulton ; r. 

Funchal 

Fuiichal 

I* iindii 

Fundy . . • Bay 

Funcji |I. 

Fun^raro T. 

Funil T. 

Fiininjr-cliow . . . C'y. 

FunUchow Cv. 

Fura !Mt»t. 

Furncauz jl. 

Furneaux 'I. 

Fiiro I{. 

Furrnh 'V. 

Fiirrali .R. 

Furruckabad . . . 'J*. 

Fury Str. 

Futteiipprc T. 

I 

(■;ihid.i T. 

<;aboQn Cly. 

(.wah«>on K. 

Cwnd Tr. 

(lad.imis ('v. 

m 

(iavl IIuiiik«N . . May 

Ctacta 'I . 

(tniiii li 

iSai^o Km 

^■u*^ '^ • 

(vu^olsk i T. 

(■•I III •••.•■•.•• I. 
<i.-iiiirs ........ Ft. 



Rff. 

Ula. 



.Magadoxa P li 

New (■rciiada . Cr h 

Malaytiia V g 

Faruu iMlanUsi .Lb 

China T f 

China T f 

Hrit America . <w b 
IIi'Hsc Cassel . .,M c 
HriL America . '<« b 
Arkansas 'F e 



KuiM or Flicca, ftc. 



Madeira K o 

l)«?nmark .M c 

Africa ....... .M h 

North America 'II d 

Denmark M c 

Darliir 'Nff 

Brazil II i 

(.'hiiia Vf 

jChina T c 

'-\frirn X j 

.AuMtraliiiia... . \ I 

I Polynesia C j 

■ Brazil I j 

Vahiil Qe 

(^abul y c 

!lIind(M>stnn . . . R f 
■Bril. AiiH-riea . (* b 

!IIindou.-tan . . .'IC f 

i 

.'Nindjn Is^ 

Al'riia M i 

Vfrica .M h 

Aril'ii P ij 

TrilKjli Mo 

Sc«)rt'sliy*s Ijd..'K a 

Italy Md 

!{ns!(ia (> d 

.'Alrif-a M c 

Siinl.in Mi; 

A-i;slM' liii*Hi:t. (j b 
B« I'MK-lii^t.-in . . P r 
<ii'iir::i:i ...... (i !• 



J <ffalii[ia^<is Kay ..1. BaliainuM |(i t* 

j (talatz T. Turk'V N d 

I (rnlri^a I. 

' (inlena i.'v, 

iiiilvU I.' 

I triilif'ia Pr. 

I ti.i)i<(sinnii'rf« . . . ICk. 
'■ (iiilla I'r. 



(■.ill tfii {>:'>*( Ii. 

(;aii.itm'H n. 



<fnllr:;ii If. 

! ft.lllrf'OH R. 

(.'aili i.:i!« H!i. 

(■alliii't« Pi. 

(■ illi|i'*li T. 

(f.iilitfiii M I V 

' (i:il\t«.tii<i Hiv 

(;iKvav V 

(lalw-iv II I \ 



Turk'-v N d 

■ Iiidiiii <)i-<- in.. P j 

llJiniiis I-' d 

Mfditf-rraTi. Sa M <• 

. \ii.xlrii N d 

Allnntif. I h-i-aii I g 

Atrir.*! <) II 

.<. Piiilir •».%.. Kb 
Mii-miri 'I'l r. . H d 

s. p.if ii:,' Oi.. . i; b 

Pit L-.nii II !i 

\l|.llitli- t *»'«';j!| I tr 

N. \v Ci"r» M i«l I . II ij 
I'nrki'v 

< I in I . 



I 



fi 



.11.1 



If. ! >>..]. 



I..- 



Ciamalcy 

(ianibia 

(■ambia 

(wan)bier*B 

(.ianible 

<tamboes 

(■amla C-arlcby . 
^■an ........... 

(janam 

(■angles 

(■anjr{M)re 

(janhwuy 

(ianjani •• . 

(lannct 

(lanthf aumc*B . . 

(rapncl 

Garajnoff 

(inrdufui IC. 

Garde T. 

<;.irdcia !t. 



C. 

CV>1. 

R. 

I. 

Bay 

Tr. 

T. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

T. 

Pr. 

•p. 

I. 

Bav 

T." 

I. 



tailing 



Ltti. 



Japan V d 

Atrica Kg 

S.'negainbia .. . L {^ 

Polynesia iDk 

BriL America .IG a 

Africa 'N j 

RuAMia N b 

Mon^rolia iT d 

Asiatic Ruiiiffia.:U c 

I f indoovtan . . . R f 

JMindoostin ...-Rf 

iChina T c 

ilindooKtan ...Re 
New Zealand. . X 1 
New Holland.. Tk 

iRuiixia N c 

Indian Ocean.. P j 

Africa P ; 

Ici:Iand K b 

•liirhary .Me 



Gardiner |T. jMainc ild 

Gardner's 'I. jPolynesia An 

<r.-irdner*rt I. .(*all:i|»ac[OB .... F i 

(■ardncr*8 I. !Au}<tnil.'i>ia ... W i 

(tardiierV 'I. .V. Pacific Oc. . A f 

( larjam I*. .Vfriea M n 

(;aniet'9 'liay '.Vzana^a L f . 

(tariiier |B.iy Hrit. America . F a 

< iarnnnc R. j France L d 

Garrt'lt I. 

<;:irry C. 

Garry Ft. 

(!:irry 



,l>rii. America .Fa. 

Brit. AnitTica . F a 

.Brit. America . F c 

If. Illrit. .\imrica . Fb 

Garry Pelly . . . . !l^. jlSrit. Amt-rira . C* b 

(iartulK? 'P. !Mon<;iili'i R d 

(iaspar Rico. . . . = 1. IPulyiirsia X g 



Gas| 



Bav 



Ga^jM-r Sir. MaLiyMia T i 



Gnltl 



T. 



Irfiwir Canada. II d 



Mindanao l' h 

(■■ttinrau lik. l.<miT Canada. G d 

Cwalrone ( 'y. • Fezzan N f 

'T. iK^vpt Of 

R. CaiH- Colony ..XI 
T. Ki'yjil Of 



(thu t'l Kibir . . 

(iiiuritz 

(■an Sbenkiin . . 
' Vii 1 fi la ....••'. 

Gav.'iri'.i 

Gavi nki 

( liiza •...••••.• 

Gaz*' 

( (iifiV 



P. 
C. 

P. 
T. 
Pi. 
T. 



I I I til ■<■■••■-■• la 



Cy;iru<i O c 

!.\«ii»tir' RbSiia. W c 
.\«i..lic KtKiiia. W c 

S\ ria tic 

Brit Amiriea . F b 

'Rn»»iia N c 

■"^ 111 i;ambia ... Is g 



Gi >h1 il Kiimri . Mt9 \frira Oh 

Gt hr.ikf n 'I. .I.ip'in V d 



■ ■ ■ ■ 



G' rl\:nk.«* 

G'»'/.i 

(MK- 

Gi ITI 

Gi ltvtiii|.,k:syi . . 
Gi i|.' |l i!ji;^.i .. . 
< ■• !!i\.'tr 



Biy Ni w Guinea . . I' i 

'"v. \)iv<^iiii.i O jj 

( 'v. KiTvi't 1 1 f 

Cv. Swidin X h 

\l. :\lriea \k 

T. . \»-ijlir RiisM.1. R c 

"P. Si IK ;;;iniliia. . ■ I. jp 

'P. i'^Wflli M X b 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



lehik . . 

waft tot. I 

, r .1 



KDtdobn... 
FhriUprUnd. 
New Yurk .. 

Hpun 

3«ilii.ia...- 
[ir<;wll.>l[u>'|..^l 



RMfDcln'i I^d. a 1 
Dril. AmiTici " 
»t. Wain 

DaUlwni Oonn r. 

II Ih-vnn . q i 
F:n<l.rl.)'- W.. f 

BriL Amcricji 
AovruMA 1... 
Smith Carolmn 



I <i>did 

UilRjnl . . . 
I (iiAord . . . . 
;; •■'ff»n»^ ■ ■ ■ 

liiir':;::: 



';ill>rr(-| 



Rrrmiiila .... 

I'liitiil KtalTK. 

Axialin Riifiia P 
,<lr»BiinTiT....jn 
iSnutbcmOci-an'j 

P.JTnn.i» <: 

lAowlicRuHia.d 

[►■'■-.n y 



lie 



, Cinbk 

;| Iilnd»ioTiE . . 



tSM.il, I 

Iliuak-nuU 

Afticd iN? I 

Ai>ijlicniia>'U.|V h 
Mb'.'lIinl<K»tBU . ■ jf^ - 



Pr. lIVr*ia P e 



tjlnuhhnr ... 
Clui'k^Udt . . 
Griidinlhiil.. 



!(]¥■ ircn-in ■ ■ 

I . ...X FmaB... 

R. lAmikRi 

i>i |l. CanilU . . 

It. !.\r.ld».. 



.Mr . i;«l|.b;.ab-. 



..I 



UriL America . Q c 



. . . T. 



Nut 



■°' 



llriL Amcrici 
:. BriL Aiiirrira -jCb 
. Aiinlic Kuui 

..Cjr. Spain 

.n. IMi-xico Re 

. I. iPolynr 
.,Aic. Pulviir 
. R. 'Aii'ilivRuuU. Sb 

. '1'. iKaKbcur kl e 

.1. .Mil.vi. !Ti 

..T. S«r^.n Mb 

..'1. .MaU>«a |Uh 

. I'r. u 'oneu 'X i 

.lir.'AiVi™ Oh 

.:T. AbnviDJB fig 

■ T, ;i:Rj-|rt br 

■ T. Sicily Me 

.;T. iTurlicy ?i d 

.r. Jkdui Yc 

.T. i^finrc !Mc 

..lT. .Rmwia '(■ c 

Scutifhy'i Irfl. |K ■ 

Vnluckj Vie 

.Kauu E>e 

I'alapuii* !I n 

:Nc«S.W&k'a .;Vk 



: ' (iiJrnrJa . . . . 
1 . (i.4d . . . 
■ B UoIiNdc 



iKnglaiid 

Pulrncrii 

folyiK-.i*..., 
■ ITo. Rriu Atiicrio 



'ci< 



Rnmirk Mc 
pe Colony . , M 

. Swfden ■•■ 

IlirmBh 

^. IlindowUn ...'Qit 

. iRimidh r(( 

. irinilivblan .,.8f 

's. Pacific (Ic.. . R 1 

. WimiiFin Tcl. F d 

. FlinJix-lan ... " 

OrFjrfHi Trr. '■ .'R d 



Brit Amcrirn 
IlinduHUin . 
.tlinikwaUii . 



a)NSlLTL\U INPKX. 



4i 



(•fijl Vital . . . . 
(•rrat American 
f ircal Aml-iinin 
tm-it Jliliaiiia 
(trcAt Ikar .. > 
(irvat Bt'xr .■ . 
(treat Bufh^iria 
(■rt*3t Cavmnii 

m 

ttn*at (oninru 

(■r-at Onirn. . 

(•rrnt Natiinas 

<»fvjl Kiih . . . 

I in-at Fi<ih . • . 

(■rrat Ki«h . . . 

lirral *».ini;c>4 . 

ttrtMt InHi.in 

(irt>at K-nintpar- 
ti* Ilia 

(■rrai Nioffiar 

(•rrat (*uzrn .. 

<ir«'al INarl . . 

(■rt*at l*f(rta)rti 
' ( •n'at Salim* . . 

(ircat Salt.... 

(■n'at Sandy. . 

l«rvat SUvt* . . 
' (fH^at Swan . . 

Crf-at 'J'altn. . 

(irrat Volcano 

(ircat War Join 

(;reat Whale . 

(■rccco 

( vntm . , 

, (trccn 

(Srnn 

(■m?n 

(■r>Tn '. . 

Crrcn 

(■rrrn 

(•rrrn I«akc . . 

(■nvniand.. . . 

(Srecnmi^h .. . 

<»rrcn«hon). . . 

(irfrnvillr.. ^ 

( f rrcnvillc .... 

(irccnirillc 

(*rt«nwich . . . 

'irrcory ■ . • • ■ 

f f mi^ 

(■renada 

fwrrnadinc9. . . 

(wrrnna 

(■rrnnae 

(»rmoblr 

; (ir^t^hakoTka 

(iriainrits. . . . 

C*riinn 

[(Griffith 

jCinfTitii't 

!GriAtii*9 

5iiran 



1 

Ml. 

I. 
1. 

r.. 

Ml 

I'lV. 

I. 
!. 
It. 
I. 
K. 
K. 
Iliv 
I. 
|IK-. 

R. 
I. 
\l. 
Itk. 
I.. 
Fk. 
IVn. 
l\< 
L. 
Pt. 
K. 
U. 
T. 
K. 

•Cty. 
C. 
Bav 

n.' 

L 

I. 

I. 

I. 

Ho. 

<tv 

Mt. 

T. 

r. 

K. 

r. 
(\ 
(\ 
I. 
J*. 

Sta. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

Vr. 

i\ 

Pt 

II. 

'I. 



I>Buit'>a. 



.MMMf;olia 

■ MiNMiiiri 'Vrr. . 

IIjv of Ibii;;al. 

n:ihaiiiBH 

Hril. .Viiii-rii'a . 
jllriL Aiiii-rii-a . 
'.\iii:t 

WcM liidii>.-« .. . 
'Indian (Kvan . 
«'a;n' I'nliJiiy . . 

M ilaysiid 

jHrit. Anii-rii-i . 
'Ciijn' Cull my . . 

■ %iricii* ■•..■•• 

Pii|ynr«ia 

IlilllilMINt.lM . . . 



kT 

SC 
•lit' 

ll>li 
[)h 
•Jf 

'N 1 

rii 

1Kb 
'\1 

|Mj 
!|jj 

Uf 



Ahiiitic Kii'csi.i.'W a 
ILiv <il* ll<-Mif.iI.iS h 

• I 

Ascitit: Kiio»>i,i. I* d 

IVr-nnCHil'".. P l' 

VVI•*mn^in 'l\ r \' d 

MiNKnuri ']'• r. . F c 

Prrf«ia P o 

Miini:<>li:i K ■• 

itrit. AniiTir'-i . K (i 

!V'. I)i>iiirn'f!.d. V in 

!.\*>iAtii- Kii«i>ia. I b 

Polynffia V j; 

■ Austria N d 

llrit. Ainrrii I . (» c 

; Ktiri>|ir N f 

JNiwS. Wilis. Wl 
;rni(rd Slalr-* .. (• d 
Cajw ('finny . . N I 
'Au>lrtil isi.i ... W i 

I<:ibr:ultir lie 

Piilyni>i.i . . . . (' li 

lirit. America .lib 

lirit. America . K c 

!N(irtli .-Vincrica J a 

'North .Aiiicrira(- b 

■ North Cinilina (v c 
'Sfiuth ( 'arolina . .( ■ c 

New S. Walcn . V j 
•Aula ••••••••• Kfi 

Smth Shi lland I o 
( >rf;ri>n 'Per. ... I ) tl 

( *v{iru!« ( ) c 

Went Indifs. . . II i; 
Wot Indicii. . . II;? 

Il,trca N u 

Di-nniark Mc 

Friun'i* M d 

\>ialic KiM>i.-i. P U 

ItuoHia Or 

N'lrth Ainrrica (' b 

Hril. Ani( rira . (w h 

lirit. America . F^ a 

; lirit. America . F a 

[Polynesia |V|r 



Nwi.« I f l" rr«t t>' 



l^lll Ml. 



I 



iriilun 

■ rim 

■ riiiiblc 

iriniin:;ti>n . . 

■ riiiiM'v 

■riiii'-tudt. . . . 

■ ri';ii.i 

«risM-ih.niri .. 

■ rila 

• riuhce 

■riidiio .'ii 

«r(idi:ii 

frriciikliHi;*. . . 
troinii /lelia .> 
■roiiin;;eii . . . 

tfonp 

irotioiivlil I . . 

• 

■run.i 

iii;ii-hip.iM . . . 

■ II d.il.ixari . 
•u.id.i]<'nn4 . . 
■u.id iliiii}-!: . . 
wiiud-ili{ui\> r . 
tiiadalii|^.' . . . 
tuadiilii|ic . ■ . 

iuadi-l 

Iii.idiana .... 
■indi/irinata .. 
■uati* 

■ itiihaii 

• ii:iili.'r*a 

■iial.it.i 

■ u.iniehneo. . 

■ n mac.irhc . . 

■ iiaii:ili:iiii . . ■ 
■iiaii.'i.\iintu ■ . 
■iia:ia\ii:ito . . 
■uniieh-'iro .. . 
tun pi IK 1.1 yes . 
■iiiipi Qailnn. 

iu.iIK>rc 

■uitrda 

■iinrdian .... 

■ iinria 

■ uarnicy . . . ■ 
■iiascania . . . 
tinteinila . . . 

■ ijateuia1:i . . . 

■ uab-inaU . . ■ 
iuatein:ila . . . 

■ uavisrc 

■ na.x:im 

■ iiaxiiii'jiiihpi 

■ ii.-iv:ir.i CO .. . 
■nayaiiTiil . . . 
iiMy.ti;'>:il . . . 

■ u.iy.i(,Mil . . ■ 

■ inyniru!*. . . 
imiyiiins .... 

■ uaMCiririi . . 
iuaziiMiiri . . . 



r. 

'C. 

u 
I. 

"T 

T. 
P. 
(v. 
Pr. 
Cv. 
'V. 

c. 

.ty. 

!]. 

'P. 

I'P. 

K. 

( v. 

I. 

I. 

It. 

I. 

I, 

"P. 
It. 
P. 
I. 
I. 

(;. 

'Di.^. 



tjf.B 



.S.-nr:rumhia ... L g 

.v. Ihi-meiiVI.d.-V ni 

lirit. Aniriica .iF a 

[»ibriidor lie 

IriLml 'Kb 

Ie<-laiiil k b 

AfriiM N k 

.••widiii N c 

V(|M-7IU-Id .... li h 

hiiliiiiiir\' M h 

it Ufi.oia .\ c 

l!a*">i.i \ c 

( 'a|K' Ciilitiiy . . N 1 

Itii.xoi.i P b 

l|..II.iml .Mc 

,P..Iyn.-ia I) I 

:.\^i:ilic ]tui(.«ia.,'P c 

(■iiiiiea Is h 

liiieiKM Ayre5 .Ilk 

Mi'-Xien F I* 

Au.'<lr.-it.i*'ia ... W i 
Wot Indieii. . . Ii g 

•"^pain I« c 

P'llyiicfiia V f 

Mi-.\ieo K t' 

Iiell^)ehi^tan.. . (^ f 

Pnililj^al jlj C 

'Pri{ioli 'N c 

(hili II ni 

Piilvnt-iii.i V jr 

P.itnf^oiiia .... II ni 
Africa I.!' 



'P. ilVru (Si 

I». 

.<t. 



yy- 

T. 
"Pr. 
I. 
It. 
•p. 
I. 
•p. 

r. 
Pt. 

Itep 
St. 

I 'v. 
ILv 
It.' 
I. 
P. 
U 
Dip 
Cv. 

(;'. 

'Pr. 
( v. 

:r' 
'I.. 



liueiio-i Ayrc!« .III 

iMili.inia^ C> r 

Mexico F f 

.^itxico y f 

P( rii (« i 

Siuth America I i 

'( 'hili II m 

lioliua Ii j 

,Pfirliii;al L d 

PtilyncNia D k 

.Stiiidan '.M g 

iPrrii lij 

'New (ir'-nid.i . (» h 
-.N'orlli Ami rica (» g 
(•li.itt nial.i .... F {T 
(tiiatcmala .... F |^ 
(■iiateninla. . . . (w ^ 
Now (i renada . II )i 

■Polyni^ia V jj 

iMcxiei) y i( 

Pat.'i;:<iiiia (> in 

l'Ii{ii -.lit r (• i 

.lvjiMi!>ir (• i 

II<|ii:i(!tir (• 1 

Siiith .\iiif-ricu I k 

Mt .\icii K f 

|. Mexico K f 

'li..li\ii [II j 



UuilliW.'. 
Uuimk .. ■ 



(•umlivii 

Uiiudnck ■ 
tiiuidiv.ina 



COMBULTING INDEX. 



Ilajui 

I [hjir 

I ll'kluyl-i'.' 
Ilalcyoa . ■ . 

. ilJJanu'n. 
Il>lc 

I lliilfuia... 
I liUiiioun ■ 



fol, 



. .'L"ti-,!*oulIi Aim 

■ |PiJy.iB.ia Vh 

K'CH- Holland. .|T1 

..V.r. MonK-'lia « " 

.. nyi^frica ]I. Ii 

•• Afrira |r,i> 



llnti . 



. It. 



M Kf 

, :lfcirf4 Nf 

'. jllLnilwlnn ...Qf 
. iltrlriochii.Un ..,Uf 

, TurLifv Wd 

|r.iul<: Hiichdriu K d 



.iPr. Mindnniibin , . 
. 1. I.Ww/A'nluid. 
. r. itlindwntnii .. 



IlaUftx .. . 
ILilirai... 
Ifutkctt... 



Ilullanga .... 
Ilulkil Alicia 
llallaxcU .... 



Iliiiikn!!! 
Iliiiihuri; . 



.niii<j.,»rjti ...Kf , 

,IIi-lu.iliihiuTi ..g r i 
\Svw S. «■»!.■« . V k 

..WalicTurkrjllld | 

y XuiUi Aiuiriu.l'a I 




.,N» 



N'orlh Anmica II c 
Nntb ('uiolim <<i c 
Knn HcOU. . . II d 
Xcn-KWKlca.|Vj 
[ItiL America .'C'b 
I . Wirtumburg . . .H d 
UU. N'ubia pt 

r. ;\ui.i.........'o(. 



k iPolync 

■■ , Com 



::\\h 

■It'. 



c<.iia'!!!!!is> 

Jid JKb 



Scniviby'* Ld. 'K a 

iKorny ^M b 

T. Swtdi-n. 
.Mui>c<ilii 
.T. Irxl^ ■ 
,■1-. -Nor 

. Ii. SiiuiJan '\ f 

.Cv. Prmia :P r 

.■!'. Syria "Oe 

. ']■. Aniilio Turkcj.U4 
. Cy. licm>.inj... . " " 
.!Hav.''|iit»bTrffm . 
. Ilii'r \r<rHdLu>il..Th 

.'I v. M<>ii!p<lia »4 

.'n'lv llni. Amrrica .;lla 
. 1.' .AlknU<^Ui.-can'llc 



Aiimr 

iAn»lraLi.ia .. 
'fliiri.<lrn 



■.^■: 



.oT 



T. ■( 'atlC IVJuDT ■.[St 

a. |i-hioa ■■" 

■Ua. 'BriL Anirrics . 



. I.iill.. Iluiliaria K d 



CX>NSULThNG INDEX. 



|.^nK«,*C lilMi. 



IWIM. 



Ilarha;;i T. Nubia.. 

Ilirranh jT. |Stiunt;aru 

liariln ick H\ Hrit. America . 

1 1 art! V rcn.'t'ata};oiiia 

Ilartl/i J. iNrw S. WaloH . 

I lire iliiy Nrwti)iiiidland- 

II irv jl. jlari-i-iilaiid . . . . 

Hare Indiana .. .{Tr. BriL Aincrica . 

iliirjriiih • • ' I . 

Ilarlii'h 'T. 

tliriiiiri :T. 

Ilariiiiii C: 

llxrnimiy ...... ^ta. MisuKniri 






U<1 
(.; a 
II n 

Vj 
I c 
I a 
Kb 

Lg 



I .Vraliia . . . . 

|\Val.^ 

1 Arabia ^P g 

lArabu V K 

Fc 
Lh 
Oc 
Fb 
Ud 
Ff 



Libiria 

AnLitir Turkey 
iUrit. AiiiiTica . 



Ifarptr T. 

Harrui :T. 

II irrit't \.\ 

II irrioburff t'y. !pi>iin>iylvania. . 

II irrijibur^^ i'F. ''IVxus 

II.4rt.ii:'9i I. Nfw Holland. .iT k 

llark-b'i'sic .... K. ,Arrioa jN k 

ff^rtford ;i>. ^l niiiircticut .. .'11 d 

II.iB '1 . Arabia O |if 

ll-4M-r T. Arabia 1' ff 



r. 



ll-iB«!a. 

llami.fanU j^Ha. 

Ilx4tin^ ,\i. 



Swfdi-ii 'N b 

Alri.d Mf 

Xtw .<. Wali-y . \V I 



llulingi ;Atc. f;uir of Siaiii . =S h 

J I a' ••••.••...•■■. 

HaUbouI K. 

Il:itciif:t !«. 

Il-itu-nifl K'. 

Ilallon'i Headland i*. 

Ilivaiiria * ^'y* 

Havre Vy. 

Hawaii ,1. 

Ili«-t*i!i ........ Ii«. 

Hawkea jilay 

Hiwkrsbury . . .jl. 



Hawkinavilie . .. T. 

IIaMra.«>i R. 

Hay ('. 

Hay JC*. 

Hay <:. 

Hay R. 

Hay R. 

Hay .cock I. 

Hay^cock !l. 

Haydou*f 'l. 

Hayes R. 

Hays 'Pk. 

HayaUck ;1. 

lUyti I. 

Huey JR. 

Hean fy. 

lleamc iCa 



K*ii.n i4 Hmhi ac. 



I li'dv 

Hediiiiora 



( iHk haitiM. 



IML 



r. Swidin ,.\Ib 

T. Swedi II N b 

Hrd^i'hojr Mt. S)iitjtbi'r;;Lii ...'Ma 

llittj.-tz Pr. .Vrabia Of 

Ilidra :...]T. Tuiiiii '.Me 

I l.ibuck r. Tarury ,g c 



ML 

r. 



X f 



li'daiid '.Kb 

l.\rkaii>as F c 

PuIvni'Ma 

m 

Puhnmia 

North M^-a '.M c 

.<|iithb<.r^t.'n . . .IN a 

ilt Iiiiund R. :('u!iul ,Q c 

ll('lsinL'b<>r;r .... 'J'. 

llrNiiii;?i>ri« . . . . "P. 
Hrlvdiin .Mt. 



Ilckia 

llf'Icilil < 

Ilvliira ^Sh. 

Helicon*!! ;!. 

Heliiroland Irf. 

iltli^ Sd. 



IImmk 



'i'. 



Henderson |T. 

HcmkrMjn I. 



I. 
R. 



I |t'iidL-rHoit*a .... 

Hcnkon 

Hmkon 

Ik'iiknnai Si.-kini R. 

Honlcy 'Ha 

Hi*nIij|K-n ,i*. 

Heniiing' 'P. 



Heath 



Pt 



Heberawal 'Pr. 



t 



Hebrides 

Hebron 

Hechoaos 

Hecia 



U 
S^a. 
T. 
Sir. 



Malaysia 'P h 

Mantchooria . .;L' c 

Brit. America • y c 

North Carolina :G c 

'iirit. America .'Hb 

Cuh.l it t 

|Framc j.M d 

INilyiicnia . . . . li |; 

Pi»lyne>ia V h 

New Zt-'iiUnd. . X 1 

Ori-jfon 'Per I) c 

(ii'orcia 1^ e 

!AbyN>iiiia O f^ 

lirit. America . K a 
fir it. America . (i a 
Urit. America . F b 
itrit. America . K c 
jllrit America . F c 

jMilayitia (' h 

jMal.iyinia T h 

:Brit. America .jll b 
iHriL Amrrica .'F c 
!.VewS.\Valca.|\yk 

Polym'yia V f 

WVi^t Indica. . ..H|^ 

MuiifTolia t» d 

'Piipfpiin 'P f 

Urit. America .Kb 
Antieotti la.. . . H d 

Africa Ph 

ScotLiiid L c 

I^brador He 

.Mexico K f 

Brit America . C* b 



'Swedi-n ;.M c 

|Ru^»>ia N b 

Niw S. Wuka. VI 

.**yria O c 

Kiiitucky i* c 

.\. Pacitic(Jc. ..lif 

Pi»lym-.-ia jUk 

Manti'liooria . . V c 

Mt. 'Maiitchooria .. I* c 

Mantchuf>ria . . L' c 

lirit. America .ji> c 

Iklawarc :<■ e 

iNorway Mb 

Htnry C\ jVirj^inia XI c 

Henry I PL Ir.-ii. Am-rica . F c 

Henry ;llo. HriL Auirrica . K c 

Henry R. |( irvjjnn Ter K d | 

Ili'nrv J- jSeoreiiby'N l«d..,K b 

Ilenslow i(*. .S)lomon*» Arc. W i 

Herat 'Cy. jCabul Q c 

HereuleH |Rk. jlVru H } 

Hereford ify. -Kn^^Kind I« c 

IlLr^'i*st*» Rkb Polyncbia V i 

Hcniiunstadt . . •]^*y' .\u^tria -N t 

Hermit jl. 

i IKruiii*!! N. 

Ilemioso T. 

Ilermo»(o .Mt. 

Hern I. 

Hcrnfw.ind '1- 

I Hcri*chil 1 1. 

• Her\ev'« U. 

. HciTcy'n .. . 

I Hency's .. . 

HeJ^n Dharie 

He^M.- (*aMH.*l .8. VI. '(K'miany 'M c 

l!e«ie DjniiiLtdl 9,(t.H ( iermany '.M c ! 

Httoo -'P- Mantchoiiria . . 'I' d i 

IfesiiiC 1. 

Hcwett i\ 

Heymaey I. 

Heywot^d Range :Mttf. 
Ileywuud^s I. 



.\u^tria .. . 
I'ataj^tnia 



...!Nd 
Hn 



Vi 



\u«tralaMa . . . 

Mexico 

liuenoa Avren . 
Afrira... '..... K f 

Sweden 'N b 

RriL America .JC b 

Piilym-Mia iK j 

I. PolyncHia 'B 

Iii\ NewS.VVali-s.;Wk 
V. (Arabia Of 



i 



Hiau 

ililn'mia 

liieki*! 

Ilipli 

H]}jh 



I. 
Fl 
llav 
I. ' 
I. 



Norwav M b 

BriL America '^Ha 

Ireland !K b 

lirit. America .|E b 
Smth SlKtland'I o 

Polynesia jC i 

Brit. America . Fc 



.N'ew Zealand. . 

Pulyneaia 

.\ubtralaaia.. . . 



XI 
Ck 

Vi 



Jl 



• 48 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Nimci of FliCM, Jkc CI. 

I 



lli^'h. 



I. 

I. 

K. 
Tr. 



P^lltOB. 



Rf-C 

Leth 



Sfir 

lib 



Kay of Ikii^al 
jHrit. Aiiu-riua 
Hrit. Aiiu-ricu ^y *i 
Au'vitu: Turkey O c 
Azanaga L f 



NuMt of Ptacn, fce. 



MtiiJAsia jU c 

Niirtli AniiTicm- b 



Mill 

I llillah 

Ilillil AralKi 
• lltiiiinaU'li . 
Ilinrhiiibrook ..'<'. 

Elimiia \'i\ 

lliiidocn 'I. Norway 'N b 

lliiiilcio Kuuith . . Mts. (.*abiil Q c 

liincJ.xi>tin (:ty.|A^i■l K f 

llin<;an-rhow .. . C'v. .('hiiia T c 

■ lliii«;-chn\v ( -v. Cliiiri T c 

,llin;r.h(a ji'y. rhini T f 

lliiika fj. :M»iit<'huuria . . jlj d 

! niii-kian<r iK. '(.'Iiiiia :T f 

I IliiilcMiicii 'Str. !S|iiihJK.T::«ii . . . |N a 

j lliiiskoi V. ! Asiatic Kus>ia . \\ b 

: lliorin^ JT. jlK'niuark jM c 

! IlipiNi 1. '< >ri';ron Tcr. ... Do 

I Hinrava !T. iTiirkrv !\ d 



ClM. 






('crmany Mr 

■Polynesia 'Cj 

llcclaiid K b 



IlnlsU-in &. IjUU- 

fiihiirjr D. 

IloltV I. 

Holiiiii T. 

Holy ' MU -.Mongolia 'S d 

Honianfsi >T. jRuuia 'O b 

Iloniu i(.'. jUriL America . 'G a 

lliiuliK>sttii . . . R f , Home !Jlay Rrit. America . II b 



Honan 'I'r. 

Hunan It^v. 

Honda I'V. 

HoiKia T. 

Hi>nd<in I. 

HondiiruN St, 

HonduraH 
Hondiinirt 



G. 



China Tc 

Ciiina T e 

Cuba iif 

New Grenada . H h 

j Polynesia *' j 

'Guatemala. . . . G ^ 
.Xtirlli America. <" ij 
.(■iiati'inaU . . . . JG ^ 



HonduraH KayH.;!.^. ((.'ariUienn Sea.-G|^ 
Hon}<--t.«e Hot] . .iL. 'China T « 



Iflififiar. .Cy. 

Iliiisar iT. 

im •••■•■■•■■■■!■ 

Hilch jT. 

Hittcrcn jl. 

Hivasa ;I. 

Hoa>chow... 



Hindnu^tan ...JR f 

Tarlary Q e 

Arabia () e 

:Riisi>ia P b 

.Vorway :M b 

iPolvnosia it' i 

'(•hinri |Tc 

HoJii Ho 'R: jChina |T c 

Hoa.kin{r <!y. '( 'hina ;T c 



Vy- 



Hoanj; Hai >!k:a 

Hoani; llo R. 

Hoat>ian{^ 'I*. 

HoU-irl T. 

Ifobhnusc In. 

H<M:}d'ind I. 

Ho-eliow [Cy. 

Ifoc'uifrnuiiuo .. . C 'y. 

Hodeida -T. 

Hodcn.. Sta. 

Hoei-ciiow Cv. 

Hot' 



China iTc 

.Monir«ilii ;S d 

V. [)ii rinii'«« r.d. V m 
Rrit. AniiTJi'i . G a 
FliiHsia 

China T c 

,( 'hina T e 

' \rahia G (T 

.\frica Ij If 

China jT f* 



Honirvrn 
HoiiJniiKo 
Ho«jd. . . . 
Hood.... 
Hood'M . . 
Hoo«i*8 . . 



Corea 'V d 

-.Mnniriilia 'S d 



I . • . • • 



Hooil'ji I. 

H(X)ker 

Hoon IT. 

Hoonnn '" 

Hoopir 



T. 

r. 

-. 'Ni w Guinea . . > i 
.Mt Oregon Ter. ..'Hd 

f. .PolyneHia Vi 

I. jPolyneyia <' k 

i(«allajiacrMR ••..{< t i 
R. BriL America . |K b 
Alt. I Brit. America .'K c 

Tripoli N f 

Pr. China ;T f 

( \ '. BriL A merica . ' H b 



I. 



I 



HfW)|MT In. I Brit. America . :G b 

H')i»iu:i Pr. 'china -T e 

HoiiriiKira :T. iBeloochiKtan . . t j f 



jMantchonria . .iC d 
Spiihlfergeii . . .'N i 
■South Shi tland I o 
, Pol vneMa '\ n 



I 



I 



ii>. 



P'ilyne»ia. 



1 1 *fif • .■ ... * ■ .. .ii. 

Hog 'I, 

■ log. ••••■..•..It. 

Hogan*H 'Im. 

Hogolcu I. 

Hoin-gnan < 'y. 

HujoH -T. 

Hola T. 



=T. Inland 'Kb I 



^^al:lV!(ia I 1 

•Malaysia S h 

'Stunatra iT i 

'.\ii5tralai>ia . . . ;\ j 

Polynesia U* h 

China -T c 

■ M«".tiro K r 

. ff'i'land K h 

.Brit. Ain< ri«*i . F c 



j Hoi-<«liU R. 

I I a'*!^* ••••■■■•■• la 

jN c |i Ho|ie 1. 

I I V lUC ■■■•■••■•* la 

Hope I. 

Hi>}>e Pt. 'North America A b 

Hi»|iedale Sta. Iiabradnr He 

Ho}K.'*H Advance .'(\ j Brit. America . II b 
Hitjie'H .Munumrii; .Mt. Brit. America 

Hojiewi'll Ch. Brit. Americi 

lln|irwrll Head .'c. Brit. America 

HopkinN* Pi». .« Jregoii Tcr.. . _ 

Hoj-^wi T. jChina »Tg 

Hnppner C. 'llrit. America . II a 

Horeh ..... ■ Mt. Arabia i1 f 



Xi 



Ge 
He 
He 



Holey ;|^ 

Holin 'i\\ 'Moiigrilia '1' d 

j Holkhaiii B'ly Snrlh Aineriea I) e 

HoIIanil Km. RurofM* \\ r. 

Hiillanw Bird... I. MriiM M k 

I Holloway B.iy S.i.r. ^hy's* I.iI..'K a 

H'll/inn I. V..rw.iy .N b 

. . . . T. i \-i.iti"' Tnrkryi* o 
.... T. _'Mon;»iili.i iS d 

II"l««t> iu!iir„' . . . S!i. lintiil.iiHl ... lb 



Holiiunn . 
ni|i(k.!'!.i 



Hiireul T. Mantehn^ria . . C d 

Hori ''P. '.Aniatic Ruiwia. <> d 

Horn C. -Patagonia.. .. .-If n 

Horn T. '.AuMria M d 

Horn R. Brit. Ann-rica . K b 

Hurn 'I.. Swrflru N b 

Hnrn .Sii. .Spit.-.U r<;« n . ..Ma 

Horn Mt"^ Brit. Anu-rioa . K b 

Home I. ■Pl•lyne^la ' A j 



H.irn (FaUt) . . . C. 

HorHbiirif C. 

Horiie*!! Hrad. . . C. 

I 



Trrra«l«l l'iieg» H n 
l»nl. Anit ri>*a . G ■ 
Gninland la 

I I 



150 

KaoMs of Viatn, Ac 



•••••••• 



CUm. 



I. 
I. 



Icrlaiul 
Iclmbot 

Iciiiakut T. jA:<iatic Russia. 

Ico IT I Kra/il 



rnutioa. 



CONSULTING INDEX. 

Nui«t of nacHi Ac. 



Nnrtlicrn Ocean 
Africa 



Ref. 



■ ■••■• 



Icy . . . 

Icy 

Icy 

Idanovo 

Idanovu 

iQrc ••••■••••■• 

Idri ,-- 

Icccitika |T. 

leruma |T. 

Icrcina K* 

l^afa* ••>•••••• i^* 

II. 

r. 



Kb 
i\Ik 
Vb 
.._ Ji 

('. ! North AiiRritaBa 

L. 

rt. 

T. 

r. 
r. 

'T. 



•••••<• 



I^atirny 
Ig'iirhiiiMk 

leicliinsk !(■• 

II I'P 

Iff 11 >•■••■••••• t> 

11 i'r 

iiriaii • '• 

I^Iusiast ; i * 

IjrilUcio T< 

I^nain I^y 

I|rnati<-v,-i ...... T. 

IKarsRi •••••... 1. 

Ikf:aral '" 

Ikcrmiut * !• 

Ikinida ■ jR. 

Ikn\>k.'i T. 

Iktiajrik ]K« 

lick... ...K. 

l]rtsk:ii-i/a«:c'hita '1*. 



ilirit. Amcrira .'Kb 

I. Nova Zeitibla. .jQ a 

Asiatic Ku-<Kia.:S a 

At«iutir Russia. |T b 

"Swi-dfii !.M b 

|l-Vr/aii 'Mf 

iA.«iatic Russia. S b 

lA^iatic Ru8.sia.'T b 

.Vsiatic RuHsia.lT b 

.\hiutic Rususia. V c 

1 k 

\Vh 

\Vb 



Indian 

Indian 

Indiana 

Indiana|Kiliii .... 
Indian River . . . 
Indic9| Wcht . . .{I. 

Iiidiffhirca |R. 

Indimk U, 

Indii«|icnsab]c .. . Rt*. 



CiMb 



Bay New Gcrgia. . . I W i 
Im Brit. America . Fc 
St. li:niU:dSUtef..iGd 

Cy. ; Indiana X« e 

In. '- - 



Para^uTiy 

Apiutic Iiu.<i(ia. 
Asiatic Russia. 

Mcxicfi 

Austria N d 

Sarcliiiia Mc 



r. 

T. 

!'• 

R. 
R. 

r. 
c. 



M 



I'Xiro. 



r, c 



Asi.itic Russia. .VV c 
Asiatic Itns.-ia.iT c 
Asiatic Russia. 'P b 

.Mon<rnIia R d 

(■rccnlaiid .... J b 
.\siatic RuHsia. r c 
Arii:itic Russia. IQ c 
North Anierica'B c 
Tartarv 'P c 



Indnrr 

Indra|iorc 

Indsclic 

Indus 

Indus 

InelMili 

Infanta 

ln«;alc 

Injrcnoc .1. 

Inrrhc |I^ 

: InjriMla 'R. 

I Inhbniljane |<'ty. 

' Inlianibanc jT. 

Inhanibanc ;R. 



JHoridaTcr <; f 

Nurtli America ;II ; 
Asiatic Rumiia.iV b 

Tartary \V 6 

Auiftraljsia ...jWj 
Hindoutttan . . . !R I* 

Sumatra iS i 

Asiatic Turkcv O d 
Little Thibet .'..Re 

lAeia Q f 

Aiuatic Turkey H d 
Cape Colony . . N 1 

Mts. Africa Nk 

Norway X a 

Mongolia S c 

.Asiatic Rutftia. T c 

Africa Ok 

Inhanibanc... .Ok 
InhanilKinc.. . . Ok 
Inhanibanc .... Ok 
.Asiatic Tiirkcv O d 



Tartarv 



Vr 



lUias d>i .Vrco.. .1.4. I Indian Ocrnn .. I* i 
IlhctM T. lir.'i/il J j 



All .... •....••■ 1^. 
Ilia .... ....... 1%. 

Ilias'iva T. 

Iiinia I'. 

Iliahabad T. 



.*^N»n:;aria R d 

• \siatic Russia. S c 
'Asiatic Russia. Q v 
.N'irth America H c 



lnhain]iura 'R. 

Iiiithi j'l . 

Iiiiclii 'Bsiy 'Asiatic Turkvy O d 

Init^riii iVil. jNorth America |A b 

I Inindick 'Bay Rrit. America . U a 

I Inn ;R. .Austria .M d 

I Inner Vijjlcii . . .il. 
! Insara jT. 

Inspruck C'y. 

Iiisua T. 

■ Interim ilios jhe^ I*r. 

: li»vern« ^s |T. 

I Iiivi'stiyatiir's .. . Str. 



I 



I 



iTsia . 



I' 



Illiinani .Mt B.Jivu 1 k 

Illinois St. I niied .<tatiH .. (' d 

Illinois R. 1 1 Ilinojs ( ■ d 

Illvrian .N. i Austria \ d 

Ihncn 'L. iRiissia ( ) c 



•| 



.iN. 
Pt. 
i\ 
R. 
L. 
I. 
Sua 



Norway Mb 

Russia O c 

.\ustria M d 

Brazil 1 J 

.Siuth Peni ... II j 

Scftllnnd L c 

New S, Wakii. V i 



Ilonifotcs.. ..... T. 

Iinaiidra 'L. 

Iinba 'I'. 

Imbarhinvkoi. . . ,T. 

Iiiibro .^1. 

^ lineriii I Km. 

( Imiiiueli T. 
Iniuris r. 

Inaee(«s>iliU> .... I. 

i Iiiacct ssiiti'c .... I. 

Inaiyu.i I. 



liihatfk.'iv.'i 1*. 

link |M mleiicr ... I. 

lMde|i»"ntl«'nf»" ... I. 

Indr-|M mil MCI- .. . r. 

Iniiit II. 



South Peru ... Hi 

Liiziiii {' g 

RuHMu Ob 

Ja|nn V e 

Vsi.ilic Riisjiia. U b 

Vrehipla^ro. . . .\* d 

.M«dilij.isr.ir ... P J 

.\«iqtic RiiMia. Q b 

Mftieo 'K e 

Stiutht-rn Ocean' l< i 
Siiuth .Shetland L o 

Bahamas II f 

\ on tic Rl|^^la.,.**i b 

r«'l\rH -la (" 1 

'P'-lini si.i . ... X J 

MiH^iiijn K e 

Uii^-i 1 N b 



liive«.li}|ator\s 

f ■rou|i 

Itaisihli* 

! In»cn 

, lofrenskui .... 
■ loll a ........ 

Ionian 

., Ionian l^lcn .... iRcp 

lowas jTr. 

I|>anr 'R. 

l|N<wicli !T. 

I |ua|)(7 JT. 

l<|iii<]uc T. 

Irak .Ajeini ,Pr. 

Irak .Arabi jPr. 

J riiii ■■••■•»««i|Aa 

Irbit iR. 

, In-l.ind I. 

Irfrhiz 'R. 

Irnh 'Sea 

IrkoutAk (■•A 

Irknut^k Pr. i.V»ii.itic RuMia.Sc 

Irkoutiik |T. j. Asiatic RufMa.'S r 

Iriiirii-koc .T. .\siati«: RiM»ia.,K c 



I. 

.\iistra!.isia.. . . L* i 
On jjun Tcr... .iDc 

.\friea Ok 

Asiatic Riis»ia.'Qc 
Asiatic RuMia.'Qc 

Scotland L e 

.Mcditcrran. Sca.N c 
MfHiitirran. St^a N e 
WisconninTer.iFd 

Para|;uay J k 

Kni^laiid 'M c 

Brazil Jk 

.*^uth Peni... .'11 J 

Pcr«ia ;Pa i 

Asiatic Turkey Oa 
.Asiatic RuMiia. P e 
.Asiatic Riumia. Q c 
(■rcat Britain ..iLr 

Tartary Igd 

Kuro{ti* i L e 

A*>iitir Ruwia. I* r 



&ii 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



f(um cT Rjcn, kc 



R. 
T. 
f. 
R. 
T. 
C. 
T 

.9. 

■■•■•••«■ oOu 

I. 



CbB. 






Jarjaksai 

Jarra ... 

Jar%'lii . . 

Jarv • • . 

Jas'k . . . 

Jask... 

Jaflfiu . . . 

JaMj . . 

Java . . . 

Java 

Java 

Java 'Pt. 

Java Head |C. 

Javary R. 

Jayna 1. 

Jayfiuliiicrc i\, 

Jean Ifamoiiii .. . iRk. 

Jcdbiirg !T. 

Jcddo Cy. 

Jcddore liar 

I Jcdo .DiH. 

I Jcciulina I. 

• Jctrur»i>ii ;Mt 

Jeflcrsoii (*y. 

JcAbr.Horrii R. 

Jc/rcrMm*H -I. 

Jonilah T. 

vPClia ■«••■•«.«. Mm 

jL*net |1\ 

Jcnikcn iT. 

Jeono kv. 

Jcno |I. 

Jufiucpa i*U 

Jcrciiiic T. 

Jcrcliovsik iT. 

Jcricoacoara .... R. 

Jcrinain C. 

Jersey I. 

jcrriM ■•.•*..••(• 

Jems I. 

Jcrvis I. 

Jcnroia R. 

Jerunicnlia ;T. 

Jerimalcin fjy. 

JeMO ,'I . 

Jesiu I. 

JcauR Maria .. . .iR. 

Jcurirc jT. 

Jewnec . .^. T. 

Jrypoor T. 

Jidda... (•?. 

Jidenoalini 'I . 

Ji?«-jjoiuip5.ir ..,T. 
Jiirat Pl 

^ I II A ■•■■■■• As 

JiUip... ,T. 

Jtrulinnkoi Ft. 

«iCK«I ■«••■■■••■« A* 
J«NIIIII«']I I. 

Jf«'|iiiiii -Ft. 

I JtiazciriM :'r. 



INaitieb 



Turlary 

Africa 

Polyiienia . . . . 

Brazil 

Persia 

Persia 

Tartary 

Turkey 

j Malaysia 

I Africa 

• Malaysia 

lioliviri 

iPcru 

I Mexico 

Illindoost'in . . . 
'Atlantic Ocean 

Scotland 

Japan 

Nova Scotia . . . 







Qd 

Bi 
I h 
Pf 
Pf 

Qa 

Nd .j 
Ti !l 

oj i 

Ti . 
Ilk ' 
Ti 
Hi 
h'f 

Qf 
Kc 
Lc 
Vc 
lid 

.Africa jP h 

.Malaysia U i 

On'jron Ter... .,I)d 

Missouri ;K c 

.Miiisoiiri Tor. ..K d 
N. Pacific Oc..i]::g 
llindoostan . . .'R f 
(■erniany ..... :M c 

Africa Mf 

Suse jLf 

Africa 'L (^ 

Anstria Nd : 

{Mexico F (J ' 

ilayli II g 

Russia IPb ' 

Rrazil Ji I 

llrit. America . <* b . 
Knjrlisli Clian.. L d 
N«*w S. Wales . V 1 
CJsiIiipa{;i»s .... F i 
•Australasia .. . . W i 
Brit. America . F b 

Brazil Ji 

;.**yria jO c 

, Japan V d 

jPolyneMa X i 

Mexico Do ij 

Japan V d ' 

Bi'luueliihtan . . Q f 
iflinduuMtan ... R ^ 

Arabia Of 

Ru«sia N b 

JThiUl Sf 

lliiulimistan . . . 1^ f 

Arahii P f 

'Mn;.M«lm.i .... I ) h 
\«<iaii«' Turki'V T d • 
■>i'i)('!:aiiil>ia. . . K >; 

Brj/il I. i 

Brn/it Ill 

llrn/il J J 



Jol)ic 

Jockniock 

Jodaunio 

Johanna 

Johannes ...... 

John dc Nova . . 
John Martinis . . 

Johnslon*s 

Jojo Karta 

Joliba 

Jones 

Jones* 

Jones* 

Jones* 

Joneshoro 

Joni^a . • . ■ 

Jon Hoping 

Joodpore 

Joonaghur 

Jooncer 

Jopycc 

Jordon 

Jorlial 

af oros *. •■ ••.*.. 

Josephine 

Josyna 

Jowur 

Junn df Fuca . . . 
Juan du Lisboa . 
Juon Feniaxidez. 

Juban 

Juby 

Jud}re*s (Merk .. . 

Jud|7r (the) 

Judith 

Judjan^r 

JuiTfrernaut . . . . 
Jujui 

JUKKSlB ..•••••• 

Julia 

Julalabad 

Julian 

Juliazi3s-haab.. . 
JulianaK.hnub.. . 

Julna{Kire 

Juinua 

Junifri 

Junin 

Juniii 

Jurien 

Juruay 

Jut.iy 

Jutland 

Jvfp»»re 

.iVkill 

m 

J>Iuui 



Cla 



I. 

T. 

T. 

I. 

I. 

!■. 

I. 

Is. 

T. 

R. 

i\ 




'So. 

■Pk. 

Ills. 

T. 

R. 

T. 

'T. 

:t. 

T. 

Pr. 

II. 

T. 
C. 

•Bay 
Rk. 
T. 
jStr. 

I. 
Is. 

R. 

T. 
i\ 
Rf. 

'I. 

R. 

T. 
iT 

IT. 
R. 

T. 
R. 
Sta. 
His. 

r. 

R. 
'i\ 
LVp 



T. 

Bav 

R.' 

R. 

Pr. 

r. 

I.. 

R. 



Australasia . . . V i I 

Sweden jN b ' 

Japan It' e ; 

Indian Oc«an - ;U j 

Polynesia |L' b - 

Indian Ocean . IP j 
Indian Ocean .jOj 

Polynesia A ^ 

Java T I . 

Africa iL|r j 

Brit. America , ii c '• 
Brit. America .\G a , 
Asiatic Russia. iV c 
News. Walei. VI 

Texas Fe 

Asiatic Russia. T c 
Swedin ...... Mc 

llindoostan . . . Q f 
llindoostan .. . Q f 
Ilindoostui . . . Q r 

Birmah S f 

Scoresby^s I«d. . K a 
llindoostan . . . iS f 
;Vsiatic Turkey O d 
Brit. America . F b 
Atlantic Ocean |K c 
Senegambia .. .'L fp 
Oregon Ter. . . . j D d 
Indian Ocean .. P k 
S. Pacific Oc. . « I 

Africa Oh 

Formosa I' f 

Africa .L f 

Southern Ocean W n 
Southeni ( ki an W n 
Missouri Ti-r. . £ d 

Java T i 

llindoostan . . . R g 
Buenos A\Te9 . li k 

Sweden N b 

Russia ;Pb 

Cabul 44 « 

Little lliibet . . Q c 
Cireenl&nd .... I b 
itnt-nland ... .'1 b 
llindoostan .. .'R f 
llindoostan . . .'R f 

Russia .N b 

Peru ;Hj 

Peru it» I 

New Holland .. T 1 

Bra7il Hi 

Brazil Hi 

IVnniark .Me 

Hindi Hi«tan . . .'R f 
Brit. .ViuiTiia .-F b 
Elindi>Man . . . Q r 



Knarti I \v. Afrir.i l,g 

K. Ab..kiin<»koe.,T. ' \*>i»tti* Ku»<.ia.'S c 
Kabsiinya jT. A!<i-4tir Ru<>!^'ia.'Q e 



<tJNsri,TINU INDKX 



53 i 



'^r 



KulMiiklak 

K;»bardid . 

Ki " ■ 
AUIJI .... 

KahrA .... 
Kjcnnda. . 
KarutMla- . 
KjiIIhv .. • 

• 

Kidiiiiton . 
Kar.rluiw . 
Kaff ri»tan 

IVBZItl ..... 
Ka&i .... 
KsKalaff • ■ 

KatiilciiA.. . 
Kahurtiwa . 
n4is ■*.•.• 
KaibjUi . . . 
Kai-cliow .. 

Kmiri 

Kain*« 

KaipiM . . . 
K.iipriUiJra . 
Kairwui. . . 



i£. t .Uk. 



^■•Ir s. 



: Hrl 



K«jach«lia 
Kajach*ar. 
K«jaiia . . . 
KakiMii^an 
Kakliiia .. 
KakiiA 
KiUat KnIfM 
KaUbahc . . 

Kftlar 

Kalatoa. . . . 

Kalfj; 

Kalian .... 
K lifiicw . . . 
K'tl.^at .... 
Kaliiifra . . . 

Kaliich.... 

Kalitva .... 

Kalix 

Kalii 

Kalka 

KalkaJi .... 
Kalkataijfhi- 
KaJkol .... 
KalkocMifl . , 

Ka:U 

Kallim:;! . . 
K.iJinrcova . 
KaluiukM . . 
K limy hk . . 
Kaloiiza . . . 
Kilou;^! . . . 
Kal(k*p .... 
K:i!p:mi .. . . 

KalU 

Kiina 

Kama 



1. 



%jum >•( I \aen. te ■ i U« 



i 



^jMbm. 



. Dim. 
. T. 

•*>•• 
.'V. 

.T. 

.T. 

.T. 

.T. 

.ciy. 

. T. 

. T. 

T 

• > . 

. T. 
. K. 

• ■ • 
. T. 

. r. 

.Cy. 
. K. 
. I. 
. liar 
. K. 
. T. 
. T. 
. T. 
. T. 
. It. 
. K. 
T 

. r. 

..T. 

. T. 
. I'v. 

. I. 

. T. 
. I. 
. T. 
. T. 
T 
. I!. 
. H. 
. Tr. 
. C'v. 
. 1^ 
. U 



.T. 
.T. 
. IV. 
. Sie. 
33. Tr. 

r. 

T. 

I. 

T. 

;t. 

K. 



Tart.iry Q il 

J.I|MII V O 

Siuil.in is g 

SHiiiiiii M h 

Ku.^i>i O i: 

Ku>}-ia -O c 

.M.iiiti'hfMiria . . I' ti 

.Axi:! '1^ I' 

Suiiliit M }\ 

Ti|]ii:» "M I" 

I.illl«' ISurliuriiQ d 

Ciiliiii k4 *■' 

AM.iiif Kmi^-xi. 1' b 
SiriilMii-li Is. . . It f 
St'iK'<;anibia ... I< g 

i VTiIIII I' 1 

C'hiiiu S I' 

Tarlary W d 

SuutliiTii « Vf-aii I II 
N'l'W Zi-.il iiiii. . \ I 

Ru^^u IMi 

Tunis -M c 

Ik-TiJ"*! N Jf 

Bcrinjii N tf 

KUfsIA '.\ b 

IjOW't Cinida. II d 
Aftiatic Kii<i*iia. W c 
SandM'xrii Is.. .11 t; 

.\rabia ' M' 

Niibi.i Of 

.Viti.'itic KusMa. V c 

.Malaynia L* i 

Itfli)urlii>.tan .. . V f 

('•iin:i T d 

Kus-ia I' b 

'Aratiia V t' 

.M>ilay.'>i.'\ r li 

l*riiHsia N c 

Ru!Mi.i O c 

Swnli-n.. . . 
.**wrd«'ii . . . 
M>iii:ru!i.i .. 
Moii'^ulia .... 
Mud^ulia . . . ■ 

Tarl.iry 

.Maljy>ia .... 
Kijs<i|:i 

ilind<M><>t.iii . . 
A.siititr Kii-i'ii.i. I* d 

Asia K d 

.Vsiatii; l![j«><i.i..i* d 

liusxi.t t) V. 

KiLvoia Of. 

llind(iO>Uii ... K t' 

X'iU (^ c 

IIini!<ii<.Ht.iii ... K e 

.\r:ibi 1 O t' 

Tabiil ,Uu 

Ru».>i.i IMj 



. . A' b 
. . \b 
. . T d 
. . V d 

. . r d 

. . Q d 
Ti 

.Vb 






Kaiita 

Karii'it'ut 

Kaiiialia 

Kama ran ka . . . 

KuinuM* 

Kuiii{N-Mk 

Kaiiirhaiip .... 

Kaiiirc-hUi 

Kanirl.* 

Kanii-ii 

K:tiiU'iia\'a .... 

• 

Kaiiii-iiiclz .... 

Kaiiiiiii 

K:itni;i<)i 

K-tini'«ch 

K:iini.>liiv 

K.-iiii«Mir:ih4*i. . . 
K iMiputcbai . . . 

K tinjiiun 

Kaiiipiir 

Kaiiilii* ....... 

Kaintxrhitlka . . 
Kanit>rliatka . . 
Kaintsrhritka,!') 
K:iintH4'hatka . . 
KanilM'bntka . . 
Kamysbin .... 

I\tlll ■>■■■ ••••• 

Kanadt-y 

K'ttiai^a 

Kan-i-litiw 

Kan.f'bnw 

■ Kandiihar ..... 
' Kandal.ifikaya . 

Kiind.ibiNkayu . 

Kandiz 

Kaiidy 

Kaiuiii 

K.iiii;aro() 

Kani;i-!an|r .... 

Kan^iTtbikwiiik 

l\ant;k3o 

Kaiiiii SttnA . . . 

K:ilijiiljak 

K.in Kiaiiif . . . . 
Kadkiatf'bxM. . . 

K.iiik'ji-vi 

K'uiktitikoii . . . 
Kannazava . . ■ 

IvaiiD 

Kansira 

Kan-i-li 

Kaiixkiii 

K:iTIKtlb 

Kaiisiih 

K •til/. It 

Ka>i-i-hnw 

Ka'in-cM'iw. . . . 

Kaiitoas: 

Kan.yt oii-rbow 
K:>|iiti-h 






I. }Ja|Mn V u 

T. .Slum S g 

T. Africa L g 

K. :.S.-ni j^anibia. . . !« h 

Suu .M'rii-a '\ k 

T. j.Vsiulic KiiH.*.ia. \i b 
.1 I. Java ...•■.•■.il 1 

l«. 'Tartar V i^ c 

r. -Tartary ;!' d 

T. '.Vsiatic Ku^hiu.iK r 

T. 'Kib*>ia Ob 

<*y. Kltf^ia '.\ d 

T. 'Asiatii' Ru.^»>ia. Wc 
']'. • Asiatic Riis.»ia.'\V b 
|j<*. -.VFiatic Rii^^ia. I' d 
-T. |.\si3tic Russia. U c 
,T. I jOU'tT Canada, lid 
R. .'.'\Kiitii.' Ru><'>ij. (' b 

'( 'y. iC'bina -S u 

■T. jhtlaiid .Kb 

T. ).\siatir 'I'lirkry «) d 
l*r ..Vsxalic Rixshia. AV c 
,T. |.\sialir RiiM>iii.!W c 
T. AKiatir Rii>>ta.;\V c 
.R. Asiatic l{iis...ia. \Vc 
Mt. .Vaiatir Russia. \Vc 

T. Rui'>ia I' c 

R. j:\iiiatxc KiiSfia . 'S c 

T. Russia \Vc 

I. .. North Aixicrxca |.V c 

C*y. riiiin |T f 

Cv. China 'T t- 

Cabul JQc 

.Rii>>ia ;0 b 

'RiMhia jo b 

I VNt.ntir Riissi.-i.,'!' c 

iCcyinii |R h 

. Stiudnn N c 

New S. WuKs . V 1 

Malaysia !T i 

I/ibradur .11 c 

('and^nlia .."^ li 

Ktissia jo b 

,SvN)n^aria Cj d 

|China !Tf 

4'hina iT f 

..Vsiatic Rixs^ia.'R c 
'.\siatic Rlls^ia.!^ c 

Jajian j V c 

.Siudan -^I i? 

Mnn^jf.lia S c 

Arabia V g 

.A''ia!ii' K'.if-ia .'.S c 
China ........ .^ c 

<'iiina ."^ c 

AVi'Hlcrn Tir. .. I' c 

China 'I* I' 

< "i.ini !1' c 

C'liiri :S c 

( 'liiria T c 

■ .\t \v Zi*aland. . X 1 



' 






Cv. 

•r. 

Cv. 
Ctv 
I. 

{-. 

•\\ 
C. 
R. 
R. 
Cv. 

R. 
R. 

c. 

<y 
rr. 

Cv. 

r: 

i v. 
Cv. 

cV. 

I." 






54 



CONSULTING INDEX. 






K:ipiti 

Ktir.i 

■Vtim ••••■•■• 
Karabo^ds . . . 
Karai^a'.va . . . 

Kar:i<4ui 

Ivarati ••••••! 

Karaiah 

fl\araK • • • • • • • 

Karak 

Karakaktia. . . 
Karakiscli . . . 
Kara Kooruni 
Karakuiii . . • • 
Karakum . . • . 
Karakul n . . . • 
Karan^ 

Kara ik'abauk 

K:i/af:ou 

Karatch'.'y . . . 
Kiirate^iiin. . . 
Kurbaruta .. . . 

Karcliec 

KardlKiriuitkoi 

Karets 

Karempe . . . . 

Karg-alik 

Karffa)M»I . . . . 
Kariatain . . . . 

Kariii 

Karnic 

Ki rol.sk :iia . . . 

Karoni.'t 

KurciniK!;ai.i .. 

Karoon 

Karopa 

Karow.i 

Karri Karri . . 

Karrioii 

K:ir»uakiA'Mka 
Kar'tkay:! •• . • 

KarskiK.' 

KarKoiiii'* . . . . 
Ki'irlf:liiiri , . . . 

Karbion 

Kaniira 

Kanarlwy . . . . 
Ka'*c!i>riir . • . . 
Kri'*«'hJi."ir . . . 

K<-i!«c!i:ui 

Ka-^hin 

Ka'«!iiia 

Ka-^k iHkia . . . 
Ka-kridii r:i t . . 
Ki-f.r, ...... 

Kl***'!!! . . . . . 
• Ka^l nil [.II . . 
: K-ii «ir *'"<i .... 
j Kill l"iiii/i . . . 
. K if«M :l.i\ .... 
: K.i''T 



.'I. 
. K. 
. T. 
.'Hiy 
JT. 
. T. 
T 

i'p 
..1. 

. • r. 



tnHinc 



Ret. 



IF. 
llav 

T." 

I 



Greenland .... J b 

Russia (^ b 

Mon«jolia IT d 

Tartary ..... .jPd 

Asiatic Russia. jQ c 



il 



Nimci ei F!am, ftc. 



Clam. 



tmiliam. 



IjOm. 



.Vsiiilic Russia. 

Arabia 

Little Bucharia 
Syria • 



\Vc 

or 

Re 
Oe 



IVrMian<;ulf..|Pc 

Sandwich Is. ..JEi (|^ 

[little Uuchari'iilt e 

."Mbi-iTliibct |Re 



Katcr C. 

Katcr R. 

KaUr Pi. 

Kathcrina L. 

Katniandoo .... '('y> 

Katung'wa T. 

Kauai 'L 

Kuua-Kaua .... |T. 

Kautokiino JT. 

Kavio 'Is. 

Kaw R. 

Kawar 'Cty. 



i.r. 



.iCy. 'Mongolia Td 

. I'y. 'Monjfolia S d 

. jbcs.'Tartary U e 

. L, Mf>ntrolia 'R d 

. |T. Syria |( ) e 

. 'R. Asiatic Russia. |K c 

. T 'Russia |0 c 

. (v. 'Tartary 'Q c 

'T. jAsiatic Russia.* \Vb 

j(>r«*at RuchariaiU e 

-Asiatic Russia. S c 

jAHiatic Ftuxsia. O d 

.\Hiatic Turkey |<) d 

Asintic Turkey N d 

Ru.*<sia .Ob 

Araliia Of 

RuM.'^ia ,N c 

Norway M c 

Aifiritie Russia. !R c 
.'R. .Vsi-itic Russia. I V a 



:i 



Kawas 

Kawcn 



• ■ • • • 



.'t. 

. T. 
. T. 
. C. 
.'T. 
.!T. 
. 'Cy. 

•I?; 

T. 



. It. 



:l. 

R. 



.-Vpiatic Russia.. V a 

Kjvpt O f 

.Monuolii ;Sd 

Cy. !S(iud.in .M h 

\tri<%'i N k 

llind(K)8t:in . . . Q t* 

jRussiri '(.> b 

ftiy Asiatic Riisiiia.'Q b 
. 'Sea j Asia Q e 



. Ctv. 

. . r. 



'1'. 

r. 



Ru.sxia 



V 



. r. 

. L. 
. T. 



.\.xi:itic Rusiiia. \V c 

'Xiiiia Op 

jTurtiry Q d 

'.Asiatic RizHriia. W b 
. < '!y. A»»ii Q e 

• R. 'M'Mliriiti'l S C* 

.,T. I \ii.strxa N d 

. 'T. 'Rn**"*!:! Or 

. (*y. ,S»nidan '.M jr 

. 'T. lHlm<iis K 

. T. Rn-si., Ob 

.;'l\ 'RiiN-i 1 O d 

. < 'ly. \J'rn"n T. if 

. T. \*-i.itjf Tnrkrv i i d 

. I . .'^^■•ji! Ill 

. ' Vr. . \>»j itir Rii4^ia. R i« 
. T \-i it:'- Rii-«i.i . [' \t 
."'('. flril. .Viii. •!•-.» . II b 



T. 

T. 

Kay PL 

Kayaye I * 

m\tlVUt2 ■• •• •• •• •■&• 

i« riy C9 •••■•••••,!• 

Kayjorod 'T. 

Kaynsk ,T. 

Kaypia 'R. 

Kaxanc 21. 'Pr. 

Keanffse Pr. 

Keaii£;s«x> Pr. 

Keats Po. 

Keats Pt 

Kebskoi -T. 

Kedje Cy. 

Keehcetsa !Tr. 

Keeling -Is. 

Keelwa j'i*. 

KeiTcban^ T. 

KrerwciT C 

KefUn;; il. 

Kci^orliavLn 'Vr. 

Kebl T. 

'T. 

T. 

i'v. 

i'v. 

R". 

Uav 

T." 

Pt. 

|T. 

T. 

(v. 

r. 
r. 

■T. 
T. 
Vr. 
W 

v. 

R. 

T. 

W 

i\. 

I. 

R. 



Kehtia 

Ked 

Kein-r)iu'.v 

Ki'in-niiiir 

KriskiniHfia .. . . 

Keith^s 

Kfjiny 

Kekduru'iy 

KeksploMi 

Ki-ljuf^tow 

W III !■■■■■••«■■ 

Kilal 

Keh-«;rave. 

Kclinscntt 

Keniar ........ 

Krnii 0. 

K' III! 

Ki-uii 

Kiini 

Ki-iiiiiiiHini 

K(-Miitr.'t>k . . . . . 

K( ninii-i* 

K'-itiji 

Ki. iii:niiilri I .. . . 



Rrit America .-(> a 
Scorcsbv*s I A.. K a 
Urit. AiDorica . E b 
iNcwnuUaDd..Tl 

;Ncpaul lif 

Soudan '^^ ?. 

Sandwich Is. . .'ll f 
New Zealand. . X 1 

Norway N b 

Australasia . . . -X 1 
Brit America -K e 

■Libya N f 

IliiidooKtan . . . Q f 

Polynesia jX h 

Brit. America . <* b 

Africa L |; 

Scncgambia. . • L p 
North America C* c 

'.Rasiiia P c 

'Asiatic Russia. K c 
A^atic Russia. X b 

RuHsia P c 

China Tf 

C'liina T c 

'New Uollaud.. Uj 
.'BriL America . D b 
Astatic UuicsU.'S c 
Belouehifctan . . Q f 
.MUsrjuri Ter. . F d 
:. Malaysia ..... Sj 

Africa Ol 

Little BurhariaQd 
New S. Wales. Vj 

.Malaysia . -U i 

Tunquiii S f 

RiKsia Ob 

lliden Md 

Tonf|UJn Tg 

Denmark Mv 



i'hina T c 

China Tf 

I 'afl'r aria N I 

ftrit. Anurii%i . D b 
.Vsiatic RuiKsia. S r 
\xi.itic Ru«>ia. X b 

Rii^si.i Ob 

l''urniiisa I' f 

ilbliKM-hidtan . . Q f 

Persia P r 

Turkt-y N d 

New ll..ll.ind..TI 

<VKU* Th 

Rii^>i I N b 

R||<».':M Ob 

Riisoia N b 



Rii«si.i 

Vfiie.i 

iRii-o^i-t 

.\trir.i 

jS. Pu. i 



fir Or.. 



Nb 
Nb 
II o 



;\^iat!i Rl:^^i.|. Tb 



CONSILTKNG INDtX 



53 



Lll 



rtaiU*. 



K« !ll«>i»4 • • • 

K--ii.ii'>kaya 

kl'tllmilKMlll 

Kendall .... 
Kendall .... 
Kendall.. . . 
KcndiU .... 
Ki ndrick*« . 
Kenmart' . . 

Kenn 

Krniicbeck , 
Kennedy** . 

Ken«li 

Keniiu .... 
Krno<;aiiiinuc 
Ken'HLt .... 
Ki-n|iou .... 

Ki'nt 

KenUl .... 
Kcnl'* ( I roup 
Kentucky . . 
KepfKl .... 

Kt.pfM-1 .... 

Kc-ppi-l*« . . . 
Krrdjv .... 
Kert'ipuz . . . 

Ktrrt 

Kerpielcn*» 

Kerin 

K«-rkeni . . . 
KerkUich . . 
Kcrkook . . . 
Kerlaja ■ . . . 
Kcrmadr . • 
Krrman . . . 
Kcrman . . . 
Kennan . • . 
K rr manthah 
Kt rmiae . . . 
Krmuk .... 

Kf!n 

Ksnic 

Krruh 

Kc«hmn«o .. 
KrvliiD .... 
KcMhin .... 
Ke-ibo .... 
Kcanoe 

Kctchinu^ . . 
Kctian .... 

KetoT 

Keufiin .... 
KcUkoi .... 
Kcwenaw .. 



Rrf. 



Ix) 



K li 

it: ii 



T. Aniatir Kii«<!<ia.'S c 

In. Ni>rtii AiiHTiiM k' h 

'I'. A^i.ltl<' Kll^N|,|.:^ h 

T. Kii^Idnil Ij i: 

('. Itrit. .AiiifTif a 

('. Rrit. .Vnu'riru 

I*. ISrit. .A I IK r KM 

I. lVilyne«i.i .... 

\l. iri-latiil 'Ii c 

I. IVrMaiifMilt'.. P f 

K. Maine !lld 

I. Austriil.i!«ia . . . X i 

Ti K^rypl <M* 

(*. J.t|un |V e 

K. ISrit. Aiiieriea .lie 

DiiL .N'lihia !«) t* 

\l. 'riiib.1 Is r 

T. Mii'tiii^an (■ d 

K. Asialii- UiH>t.i.'A h 

I. Au^lr.tl i>ia ... .'V 1 

.<(. riiiu-ri .Sf .lis.. C «- 

'Bjy .New .^. Wal. ^ . \Vk 

I. N. w S. M..I. » . W k 

I. .*Mndwic!i !•«...' \ j 

Dis. .Vraliia I* f' 



Persi.1 



t. 



V 



t; 



. T. 

. T. UiiKMa !() b 

• • • 

. I. iikJiih ( ii'i-tn.. Q m 
. K. .MaiitehfMiiii . . [' r 
. 1. .Mt diterr:in. S4 a Me 

. T. Syria O e 

. 'T. .\Nialic Turkey i > ♦• 
. T. , .Asiatic Uu.o>ia.iX h 

. SU. Alriea \S ^ 

. Pr. JVr>ia V f 

. ( y. ■ TiTMia I* <• 

. lie*. IVrf>ia I* i; 

. ly. IVfhia I»e 

. T. lAraliia .'I* t' 

.;'!'. ..Soudan i.\ |r 

. IIU XewS.\VaIi-9 .Vj' 
. I. .-\u!<trala.^ia . . AV i 

.R. IVrsia Pe 

.llSay C'liina (* c 

iDiicAraliia V g 

. jCy. 'Arabia I* jr 

. .L'v. Ton luin T I* 

. T". ToiLjuin S r 

. R. .Afiiulir Ruiisia. S r 
• ;Tr. MantelKNifia . .A' d 
..T. Little Riirb.-iri.i R d 
. I. iKurilc KI-ind«.,Wd 

. rv. China Te 

. I'l. .Aiiiatic Rus>ia. fC e 
. Pt. .Michiifun if f d 



Kcw-lunir Kiaiifr K. ( 'iiin4 .St' 

Key Wc»t. . 
Kej We»t. . 

Khaff 

Kliaibar . . . 
Khalanflkoic 



. ICy. Flt^rida .i,i f 

. I. 'Horida 1<; f 



■ IT. 
. T. 

tmmt 



Perid.-i >P c 

.\raliia [Of 

.Aiiinlie Kiiiuiia.'S a 



SUmm i4 IImm, Ike. i li • 

Khilnyrea ..... R. 

Kbanialutd '1'. 

Kliaiiirinjikoi . . . T. 

KbundrHb Pr. 

Kbantuniikoie. . ."I*. 
i\ iiara .....•.■• 
KliaratoIufTdi . . . 

Kltaraitm 

K liardHin 

Kburkcw ... .49. 

Kbarkur 

Kbariiia 

Ktiarusuva 

Kliaflsa 

Kliataiijya 

Kbutanttkn 

KilatuiiNka 

Khatai'.Hkaya . . . 

KbeeriKi 

KberrsMiun .... 
KhfTMin . . . .Ji'J. 

Klienmn 

Klixkuta 

Kliiinni. ....... 

Kiiin;,ran 

Kliirniov 

Khi\i. ....■.,. 

Kliiva 

Kliiia 

Kliixari^k 

KbrKinn. ....... 

K lioi 

Kliojfnd 

Kbiijujialu 

Kiiokan 

Kbokan ....... 

Khrtlduin 

Kliiilni 

Klinlnuijfnrx .... 

Klio|N'r 

Klioranan 

K liord 

Khotiiini 

KlHiUli-be 

KlKi/ilar 

Kiiii*tifiL'in 

Klivalyn<'k 

Kbyr[)i)re 

K iaelita 

Kia-Kianir 

Ki.ilinfir 

i\ lania 

Kiantheen 

Kiaokee 

IV mIC ••■■«■•■■■ 

Ki-rhow 

Kiekn|MKni 

Kiddifkiddee. . . 

Kxild*!! I. 

Kidnapper C 

Kirinatur Bay 




l>».'.inB. 



.VHi:itic Ru^'^iiJ. X b 

Turtary Q u 

.\^iattc Riis>:a.T b 
IlindiMistan . . .!]{ f 
:.V*tiatie Russia. R u 

.Mnnf^olia |T d 

*' - ' Td 

Pd 
Pd 
«)d 
Oc 

Wc 

\d 



R. 

T. jMantelujiiria . . 

( "ty. Tartary 

1K»M. Tartary 

Pr. Russia 

Rushia 

;S(iudaii 

..Asiatic Russia. 

Turkey 



Vv. 

r. 

T. 

T. 

R. -Asiutie Russia. -S a 

T. ^\^iutic Russia. |R b 

R. Asiatic Ru<<sia.>R b 

(1. •.\sidtic flussia . JS a 

T. iflindiNistaii ...|Rf 

T. ! Asiatic Turkey C)d 

Pr. jRuKhia '. ,0 d 

Cy. RusMa Md 

.Ml<. M.-intchi;oria . . V d 
R. Mantetirmria . . T d 

.Mts.'.>[oniri)!ia iT d 

R. Rus-via >Pb 

('tv.Tnrlary 'I'd 

l'v. -Partarv ^P d 

lK-5.'Tnrtnr*y JP e 

T. :Tartary 'Q d 

T. .Asiatic Rus>ia. 

T. llVrvia 

T. iTarlary 

T. j( irc.it 'liueliaria.^ _ 

Pr. • I'urtarv 'U d 

I'y. jTarlarv W d 

T. JTartary JW c 

T. jRussia . . . 
T. jRusKia . . . 
R. {Russia . . . 

Pr. 'Persia - 

T. jRuKfiia jOd 

Cy. "Russia X d 

Cv. I.ittlc RueharialR d 

• I ^ 

Cy. iIleliKM-hibtnr. .. .M i 

l)is.,P<Tf>ia iP e 

T. Russia ,P c 

T. Ilindocwtan . . . 
T. I Asiatic RuMia. 

Cv. China 

R". -China 

T. iSoudan 

T. ,I.aos 

T. K'ona He 

T. :Tnrtary I* d 

( V. China 

Tr. WfHirrn 'Jrr. .. 
Sta. NVw Zenlaiid . . 



Tc 
Pe 

lid 



lie 
(I b 
Oc 
Pe 



Tc 

vr 

Te 

.Mh 

Sf 



Polvni»sia . 
New Zealand. . 
Rrit. America . 



I'c 
la 
XI 
Vf 
XI 
He 



5C 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Kama pf Tlictii ke. 



Cha. 



I^ 

Pr. 

I. 

f. 

R. 

I. 



Kicsai 

Kii'ii 47* 

KitlikcrUrti 

Kikiai 

Kikiclia 

Kikkcrla»oak . . 

KUalUi |T. 

K i laHoutoucvskoi T. 

KildcniMkui T. 

Kildwin I. 

Kilkajarvi IT. 

KillaLx: T. 

K. 



rDNli-n. 



TliilKt 

RUliNIU ....... 

Circcriland . . . . 

Jn|MM 

.-Vsiatic Kusbia. 
(irccnlaiul . . . . 

Irt'liiid 

AKiutic liiissia. 
Asiatic Russia. 
liUstiia 



l\lIICCi ••••«.••. 



L. 
Dis. 

T 

I 

't. 



T. 
T. 

•r. 
r. 
I. 
1. 



Killion 

Kilonfpi 

Kilori«ra 

Kilon^o 

KiltiiHova 

Kiixibilaks 

Kiin-iiim 

Kiniiklaya 

Kiriiilo 

Kiiiiilo , 

Kiiiuiicno|farU 7 . Pr. 

Is 111. •••••.••.. 4* 

Kin Ifo iK. 

Kinac>luka\'a. . . IT. 
Kincha Kiaiig . .jR. 
Kin-cl)in<r Cy, 

Ki;i chow 'Cy. 

Kin chow jT. 

KHidrrlirisk (t. 

KinHin ;T. 

Kin«-rlH.'k (\ 

KincNhrnn jT. 

Kiujr Pt. 

Kinfr.in Cy, 

Kill,: niAtUi I 

Sinith ,M. 

Kin;f-i*liow Cy. 

Kiii^ (icorjfc . . . R. 
Kinij (fi"or;jr's ..N. 
Kin^; <»•• iijir'n ,, Ifi. 
Kill!; (m urge's ..I. 
Kin:; inoT^r.^H .. .*^i. 

KiPf^ht'lc ]T, 

Kin|;r.ki.t.m ICy. 

Kin,'fIcC]iill}r. . . , I'y. 

KinjrV .'Iluy 

Kind's C". 

Kind's I. 

Kni};*!! f. 

Kiii;;*.'« 1. 

Kin:;*"'!!!!!"* Hr. 

Kin:.'-!tiu ( "v. 

I Ki:i;;«-?'jii 'J'. 

Kin«^.|.*ni» i'y. 

Kiifr \Vi!Ii.ini . . .'^ .1 
Kiuir\V,i:,:»i„-s . C. 

Kinjr-yiini; i "v. 

Kinj.iii Ji. 



jRushia 

Ireland 

Alrica 

Thibet 

Loang^o 

I-ioanjEfo 

R('n;TUL'Ia 

Aniiitic Rurtsia. 

iRushia 

< uma 

Rus>i:i 

iRnMiia 

Rusnia 

RuHsia 

.Vrnbxa 

China 

A.sialic Riib>ia. 
ThiUt 



(.-hina 

k'liina 

JMantchtMiria . . 

Torlary 

Mantolifx>ria . . 
ftn'cnland . . . . 

RiiMsia 

Klorida 

( 'liina 



Rrf. 

rT 

Od 
J b 
IJf 
Tb 
Jb 

Lc 
Td 
Ub 
Ob 
Nb 
Lc 

Oj 
Re 
Mi 
Mi 

Mj 

:sa 

!Ob 

Ud 

;n b 

,.Vc 
IN b 

;n b 

;Of 

To 

Vb 

Sc 

Tf 

:i; f 

i; d 
Pd 

Ud 
Jb 

lOc 

Ci 

Tf 



Pat:ii;iinia 

i 'hin.i 

Africa 

Polyiioia 

iRrit. .Anurira . 
l.'^Mith Slatlaiiii 

Ni-w Ilolliind- . 

(«fi.'tn^o. 

C 'hina 

."*jlil^!M■^^;^ n . . . 
• Itrit. Anit-rir.i . 
'Nnrlh Ann rica 
, Allot r.il.iMa .. • . 
'Riy lit' li«'n^iil. 

I'iilyri'"ia 

Jani.ii>'.t 

11 |i)M r Cincnl.t . 

( hin.'i 

I»rit. .Vnii-rii-a . 
■N'W Ciuiiji J . . 

( hnri 

V*"!:!! • Rii-via. 



Un 
,1 o 
Ok 

I 



!r 



fl 

ri 

M i 

r c 

Tf 
Ma 

(; b 

A b 

VI 

Sir 
X I 

(id 

Sf 

;r b 

ivi 

T i. 

r c 



Nmms of riiMii 4r. 



Kinnaird*8 



ClML 



ild. 



!l 



I 



K inuanov jT. 

Kintan ,T. 

Kiobvi)^ T. 

KioIdHic L. 

Kiong-chow .. . . :(!y. 

Kira^rasHi iTr. 

Kircnxk 'Cy. 

Kirgiufl iCty. 

Kirin Pr. 

Kirin Oula Cy. 

Kirjati h T. 

KirkShchr T. 

Kirkwall |T. 

Kirkwull .Day 

Kirlou IT. 

Kirrcc 'T. 

Kiscligh Rk. 

Kishin ........ I. 

i\ iKKa ......... 1. 

Ki8kina T. 

Kistnah -R. 

Kistrandt ;T. 

Kitchko L. 

K lies .a, Ir. 

Klika iL. 

Kittan I. 

Kittila T. 

KiltiM T. 

Kiusiu {]. 

Kiva ilkiy 

Kivavnlski T. 



RK 



Kivavaloki. 



T. 



Kizal.agratch ....<*. 

Kizil Couni I>cs. 

Kizlijr 'J'. 

Kiz7.il Irniak ... R. 

Klin jT. 

Khitrlicfbky Vol. 

Knich^innk . .. .|T. 
K. Moilah IT. 



K. Nahal iT. 

KnapV !|{av 

Knir if.. 

Kni'^hton ;Kuy 

Kni^htV ...... .i. 

Kni:^ht*M I. 

Knii;ht*ii In. 

Kni^trnraux. . . . 'Vr. 
Kni%-anirnii . . . .T. 
f\noi). ..••.....,1 I 

Knoxvillf Cy. 

KntivV il. 



Kiintinn 

Kddiai liin.Nii .. . 

kiMJlilk 

KiMintskoi . . . 

KiH-i iia 

Kii< i-i \\ii\\ .... 
K'N i I hi 



T. 

!r. 

I. 

•J'. 

T. 

Cv. 

R. 



Scotland L c 

Riufia O c 

MongoUa S r 

Norway .N b 

Russia [N b 

Hainan \T g 

Asiatic RuH^ia. S c 
.\siatic Russia. T c 

Tartaiy ,Q c 

.Mantchouria . . j L' d 
.Mantchooria . .,U d 

Ruiwia O c 

Asiatic Turkey < > c 

Scotland -L c 

Brit. America . il b 

Russia .O c 

Renin .Mh 

Asiatic RuKsia. V a 
Prn.ian Gulf . . P f 
Alroutinn Arc. X c 
Asiatic Ru!(tfia.;W c 
liindiHistan .. ..R i; 

Norway X • 

Russia Ob 

MisMiuri Tvr. . F d 

I Rusiiia \ b 

I Asia Qg 

iRussia N b 

Russia ,N b 

Japan ,1' e 

Russiia d b 

Asiatic Russia.. Q b 
Asiatic Rus>ia.,Q b 
Asiatic Ruitsia.iP e 

Tartary Q d 

.\siatic Rushia. P d 
Ai^iatic Turkey tl d 

Russia O c 

\.siutii: Russia. W c 

Russia Ob 

Araliia Ob 

Aribia Of 

Prit. America . F b 
Rrit. Anit rira . F c 
S<*or(>by*s Ld..K b 
Australaftia . . . X ra 
RriL .Ainrrioa ..F b 
i Jnnon Tir. . . . U c 

Re 

Russia 'N b 

Nrw IlollaiMl. . T i 
Tenni'SMi* . . , 
Pulynoi.i ... , 
i '•'(■Kin Cluiia 

l»U^^X•'t ... . 



Gr 

Xh 
Te 
Pb 



• North Anurira It r 
Xsiatie Russia, ij b 

'Afrira. ...... '.l»g 

'China .Il' I* 

i 'hina 'T p 



KiMi-v.iii^ ,Cy. jChinu IT f 







CON8ULTTNO INDEX. 



«_., — u; ^. 


IS 


K-™vinc.r . . 


..It. i.\«*»y 


.Ml. 








K«Jo] 


..T. Ih'luiidii-Un . 


'gr 


Koom 


.. T. |rn.iii 


^.!. 


Koonin 


...K. Aiialie Ru»>iii 






..T. Pc»ii 


Pr 








Koonrf 


::ff: vlZl::::. 


K-nukwy . 


..It- AtVira 






..T. .V<ulicKu»i. 




K-P 


..I. r..lj-,.»i,.... 


Wli 
















. , T. Tiirtar» 


Pd 


KniBUl 




..lir 




..|T '.\>ii.li>' RB»i;i 




Kojii 


..T. i.A>iatiL' KbhiU 


lOd 








K!S..eu.... 


..k-lj. Aftira 


•i<'s 








K.*tfri« 


..T. S-Mnnm.... 


Rd 


KiifBin 


.,.T. !A.iaiic Ku..h 


T, 


K»ti^k« .... 


..jTf. iA.«ii,. llu,-i. 


■\h 


Kr«ii«J. ... 


.M. jlndumlcian 


,"i> 


Ki<rrH'naltr .. 


. ,T. (VHrn 

..T. Ahl-ikTurk, 
...11. 11u*.ij 


Itti 


K..rn» 






Pb 








K..rol 


..;t. si.„, 




K..ttrN,n.... 




'id 


K.,ni 




liir 








KoduLH... 


..'PL 'Ariaiirlluoiu 


.IWc 


K«im. 


..|l- 'J»p«n 


'Vd 


K.*lov 






K««(r.l.... 


. . r.. '.^t<fli::..iij . . . 








. i.r 




.. KL i>(.')."iiT.r.. 




K.Mr..»i.... 


..T. lA-uli.- Turk. 


rNd 






.He 




..»v. tlu-i* 


-Or 






.Vc 








K-,lai 


..T. >iim 






..T. liuwii 


I'd 


K.,ll1.Mi.... 


..1. !A'r.l.r Ilii..ia 




K.*.n 


. . Di^ l.illl<: Ilurhi. 




Ki>lrn 


..H. <|j||].- llutliariiRd 


K.<bka 




-ifc 




. . T. ■\.*«iiv , . , . 


Nb 




. . S... N,«'lh Anurii 




K...»..i-i . ■ . 


■■»>-. Idin. 


.■IT 




..(y. (1.104 








.lie 




. . T. A>iali>- Kii»u 


.Tc 




. . T. .Aiiilu- ItiwU 


.Tr 




..T. SlonpJi... 


.,Td 




::fes:";;: 




K.>iH'-li>a . . . 




Kt»H'-ll' 


.|tc 



iloL ;K. 

Kdildtka ;T. 

KouluiuulriniikDC'T. 
KouiuK°i"' >^- 

Koung-akhi. T. 

KouulD Ida. 

Konpciuk It. 

KDnralM 'R. 

Kounli 'C. 

Kaan.li T. 

Kour|raii Vv. 

Kduriskarhi ...J'l. 

Kuurmina [t 

Kiiunijagiii^t — II. 

Knumu ,T. 

Kourrk -13.1-r. 

K.rtir.k ly 

KMirtchoiiin .. • . K. 
Koiu-knguiii • . . .'K. 

Koiuiiiui II. 

Kounm^Uk 'T. 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



-Mungnlia IT d I 

iffouami iie\ 

Mon^lia 'S d | 

Muu^lii [Td 

Aoialu: Kiuwia- V c [ 

AiialicHii«tia.''i'c 

'.\«iBlicUu->M3.|ICc 

,Kawia r c | 

Anialic RuHiiiB.'Qb | 

'.Mimpilii iTd 

lla«?m ioii 

RuMia 'Ud I 

'Africa 'L IF , 

'.\iiiaiic Turkey "Id 
.\l<meolia .... Td 
AoiativRiTwu.'Qc 
Afitalic RiUAia. H li 
Aiialic Ku.i'-ia. X l> ' 
Aflntic ](awtin.,V* > ' 



Kuku 

Kulbol 

Kull 

Kullccupctin 

Kulukuk .. ■ . 



K'lUxti^lianka .. .Jta] 

Knultii IT. 

Kau-tin JIa 

KoDtuhigaiska . . T. 

Knuwan II. 

Knu-j-uen l\. 

Kquu 1'. 

KiiuxiiPlak 'Cj. 

Kwdo ■!• 

Knvd., !„ 

Kovn.. T. 

K"wnii R. 

Kraaiuilinri-k . ..."f. 

Ktiiniiii-Ur T. 

Kt^-n-y T. 

Kmniviran-k ...(V. 
k>Hi..i-.k!i.J..i . -rl 



Mbncntia R i 

.VDitliAiiU'ricD'RI 

,ltru.in ri 

llu«i« Ti 

'Cji* CuImiT . -Si 

lluwia il'l 

.\i>iatic Runsii.iOi 

Aniitin Kumia.'T 
Tarlary 'H 

A-intk' lii^'iai'K 



; Kurnettce . . 
Kuranl . . . . 
Kurdiilsa .. 

I Kuriai 

; Kuniaiil . . 
Kurnool ■ , . 



I Kiirr; Katrj 
Kumlon . . . . . 



Kiuw 



i-iiirloni;; - ■ 'I'. Hiixi i 



Mta. 



SfiLAmariH . 
Non Stvmbta .. 

PolncH* 

A^btie Rwia. 
AalatkRiHia. . 
.Aaiatic Roiiii . JQ b 
.UlH1{ril]U |s u 

Uitle JkirlitriaRd 

Ubv« ;X f 

Arabia :P f 

HriL Anicrini .'Kb 
I.. jUrcson Ttr. .. .'f:: d 

T. IPuland 'Xc 

R. 'M,*golii ,Td 

U ^.Muni^ia |T d 

'LV. INortli Ainrrica R c 
II. It^wtrmik-a.. . L' f 
'Aainlic Riu^ja. X h 



y. KiMl 



.,Xii 



..iNb 



.:.ML Aiialic Ru»ia. ' 
IPr. I.yblii.- Torkty.' 
. [l>. Sionearii '< 



,II». Axil 



I. We 



,..'Kc 



lliiidontun . 
,r|-. |IIiiiduie.l 

.It. aih™.. 

. 'iJin. Siodao Ma 

iU. MmipJ" TiT 

Ik. .\<>iili«Ru4<a.'V ). 
jr. IkluDcbiFtar... .'U ( 



: Turkcv X e 



:m 



fti. 11(11. Ami 
:r." S,n.|::mi 



OONWLTINU INDKX. 



l.vtcj nnyt Toic 

tally Annu'i . 
I«<lr J'llia-*.. 
'.aliyttlB 



|l. iM>li>v*u.... 

.|ViL|Mr«im 

,'Fl IlriL AiiKrira 
.<Ui*. lallli' 'IliArl . 
.k'y. lillk' Tblhrl . 
.'K. ;i.iiiJL> ThiU-i . 
.'-r. |A.ulicl(u^id 

'Ii. iC'liina 

;lfaj!Rfit. Aiiii'n-V 
<L^ 'Miuaiiiliiqui' . 

I. Au«lr.ilji>iii . . 

Sh. .Vn»tr.il«iH ... 



.. 1. f.>lviii.-<ii... 

..r. |l',.rt„e.l.... 

..iT. lluriHH ftyr,' 

, . T. 'ArkviRu , . 

. ..Rk. Iiulian llrcan 

..;r. V>HL-U1.1».., 

. .f'. |Ann3(!>> 



.VI ■.' I^ncir^ 

. W I iMnr^ti. 

.IWj Un;;l,v 

!(lk . liiii.rin. 



. Itr. I|'..lym>k I 

.t». |(liin» ! 

. T- Hi,niro ' 

-i. lt<rol'lli'nirJ..t 

■ 1. I'alur'inia I 

.T. I'ruNit :: 

- 1 '. Knsbixl M 

.r» Tliibil I 

■ t'. [•tUiid I 



. it. Manl<l..>>iu I 

. r. I(u-.ii 

.T. ■V.T.H 

.»'. I\V«S.\V.l.. 



■J.', 




60 



CONSUIiTlNG INDEX. 



Namca of I1jc«s te. 



LUsm. 



L:m liruscas .... 'V, 
I«aii I uiitaH j'l\ 



n>>iUaa. 



Krl 



niiciiii.'* Ayrcfl .{II 

Mcxiro r c 

La:<ki'r |1. rtilrncsiu \\ f 

La!< Nucvitris .. . |T. jC'ulw ■(» !* 

[.a S 1.1 ,!• J*'»l3'niNia I A k 



T. LMcxio. 



ti*wn of Plien, ftc 



CLui. 



.Sla. 



lia Sf^cJaU 

Imx SiutVicrc. . . . Mt. Sl I^ucia 
l«:is IVmiuuLts . . . 'T. Mi'xi 

Vr. 



It'Kri.l 

L.'inl Hope . . 

Late 

T«.itluin*ii . . . 

Ij:xtiX}r 

Lilo-ichc Trevillc 

Ijatt:ktio \'V. 

I<utt.'i Ijatta ... .'I. 
I<aii;:lil.iirs 1 1. 



!(v. 

In. 
I. 
I. 
T. 



Ijaniic:L>loii 
j L.iu: a IX tine 



r. 

r. 
r. 



f MV- T 

I.a-..il 



■»n 



,h c 

ThilH t So 

Tiiibrt 'Sf 

IVita^'iiiiia ... .'II n 

|l'oIynt>ia IA j 

iliitliaii Oc-oaii .^O i 
■lliiuiii'tst'in . . .jR ^ 
\Sv\\ Ilulluiid..'l.' j 

'A!rir.i !\k 

(Malaysia jl- i 

AiiMlr.ilasia.. . .iW i 
;V. |>ic;nrirhLil. \' in 
.*^)«illi .^iutland J o 
S'.vitzirlaiid ... M d 

IJiirn u i'r h 

Francv L d 

rU'iVi Ill 

IVni :(; i 

Asi.itii: KiLv^ia. r c 
'Hra/.i! '.I i 



IjC^hca 

IjV^linrn '('y 

Lc Grand ,i'. 

fjcitlL' Bay | 



fWtm. 



Urn. 



.\fric* N f 

Tuscany M d 

New IliilUnd- . L' I 

Little Till U.t..Ue 

. 'Ctn-cnland .... I h 

Li'ige jCy. jlfelj(iuiii Mr 

Lc in.cliow kjy. -China |T f 

T^in.piii'r.chow . Cy. ;China 't f 

I^ip/ifj.' Cy. 

lickina 'Ifc 

&>0 KCM. ■■■»*ta«aila 



R. 
I. 

St. 



r. 

. i.ava|4c .........I • 

li.ivnito |T. 

i Lavra R. 

liil\ Ills .... ..i.il. 

LivriLski ,T. .Vsiatii* Ru.^sia. Q b 

• Ij tvriitF j(\ ,\(iv.i /(Miihla. . 11' a 

• Lau'.srin C. <irci-{ilaiul . . . . |I a 

] \tix ;Fd. Vnrw.iV IS h 

I La.iara I. \. Pai'ilic C h\ . |B f 

Lay Pt. .N'ortli Anu ri< -a;!) b 

l.avbiuii !T. Aii^lri.i JM d 

,\. I'arifir, (Jr. .'a f 
Rih-'ia Ip c 

''■^••« >P 

Maiif'-lKif.rii ..I'd 

^FiiiitcIiiHin.i ..'I'd 

Missouri JF c 

|l'russ:n I\ c 

'Virijinii !(■ c 

jTrijKili i.\| r. 

Af iilif Kii-iiiiu.'r b 

|.\J"ri«M !.\ f 

iTri|»i.Ii M <• 

Vvi.ti.- Rii>>i.t. Q c 
X^i.dic Kiis>ia. ii b 
It* n;:ii. !a 

{Wi- r. ||..ii| 'I'jT. 

lin::! i.'iii 

M iliv 'ii 

■1*> MM .rl; ..... 
N'^i". ly 

.N.-.v n..:i.,i..!. 

N'.-.\ ll.-i:i:..J . 
U«-i Ifiiii. • .. 



Saxony Mc 

Syria ,i) e 

RuMia lOb 

Norway ' M h ' 

Congo M i 

China 'T f 

Patagonia Illn 

Cy. I Austria In d 

T. j Amu tic Turkey 'O c 
I Archipelago. . . IN c 

Patagonia lim 

Norway 'N b 

Aiiiatic Riutiiia . C b 
.'Vsiatic Ru^»ia. V a 

Laos {S g 

IVmia P r 

Chili 11 1 

Spain L d 

<iiiat(inala .. ..,(vg 

llcdivia Ilk 

l.cona Vicario • . Cy. Meiico Ft 

L^'no-kecH) In. i-^astcrn Sea. . . U f 

I^*t>}Hild C. !Kiii. America . (S a 

I.co|K.Idhtadt .... T. ' Au^lria N d 

I'«I»''rrt I. Auslralafcid . . . iX j 



l4:luiido 

Ijciiia 

lie Maire 

J^:U\UiTt£ 

Iji-niliiin 

IjCIIKIUK 

f icmiis 

I<rni\i^ 

f /Ciia 

I^na [of till') .. . C». 

Uiig T. 

Loiigrrotit jT. I 

Lengita dc Uaca C. 
liCfMi C'y, 



I. 
I. 
T. 
R. 



Li'on 
Ix'on 



R. 



i«'-iv ".n . ......I. 

I*ay^c■lev T. 

I.r |T. 

Ij»'a«.tiin:; Pr. 

I I«. .-4(011;; (■. 

I Ijc.iVcnworth . . ..Fu 

I iv iia .••...■•.1 

l«i-b.iiiiin 

f«*'ljd.i 

, r.« !K':;in>»kaya . . 

I«i !M■l^c 

I«('!ii«ia 



I A' Piiy. |T. 

IxTnij 'I*. 

LtTwil.'k iT. 

fx'ian I. 



I«f*s<-iM n.ti>!! 



•i 



r. 

T. 

r. 

'Jr. 
T. 



, Ia luMJjv-i T. 

I l» ciHiiva I . 



r.''dii ( '. 

I ••.■I-'- I 

■ i. ti. ......... li. 

It' t't\> I . 

I<( ' .[(.-t.l!! I. 

lo'.'I ifxi I. 

If«*i n! il v. 

1.1. '. r...n: 



. .Mi 



[ 



Iii-i-:iv\ III 
I.I I M\i'i:r 
I«< • ^\ .'T ! 

I.- ::"iM . 
!«• • i< :■ 
I,. ;<i • I 



A 1 



I.. I. 
\< 

T. 
T. 
I. 



"I'l.'ii'ir 



^1 11:'' Il ■ 'f; I 



Mi 
Fd 
I.c 
Th 
Mr 
M b 

Tl 

r 1 

lie 

r i 

r.i 



France '.M d 

S|iAin L d 

Sf'otland I. e 

'China C f 

y. .Wwllulland.. Tl 

l-i'NcI:inaiilt ... .Pi. New Holland. . ;T i 

1m Sjwrre j'l\ Frann- i, d 

Li'SM-ps y, ;Mantchooria . . V d 

Ix-»w r Sh\c 1 1,. . HriL Anurica . ■ K c 

I.rMh'rSti\i>l.:iki]l)iM. Hrit. .'\1m-1iL-4 .Kc 

l^sHV.<l.t\iI^ki> Ft. HriL America . 11 c 

I'«»«>»»*' il. |l)i'nniark ..Mr 

Ia«*iii ur Mu. New liulUnd. .iT I 

F-tlis I.. Ruj-sia .'U b 

IhIimi.s Rk. Capi- Vi-rd I». . \K g 

l'«tt»T J. .Miilayi*ia ..... jl' 1 

l'«'iiba iR. Chili' U | 

lit ut«« liau.. . 



I. 

. iR. 

. V. 

T 
. Vr. 
. I. 

T 

T 



i\ 



i<«'\aniM* 

li* v;it I 

li* V.li 

1 1« IV I ^ 

I M 1% It ■•■«■■■ 

I.'wi. JR. 

f.rwi.; 'C. 

I.«wi liisr:; !T. 

litwt.'iu.dti '.H ... Str. 
lit xilli^tnll ..... Cv. 



.\iiiitria .\ d 

.\orwiy M b 

.Xtrira \ I' 

C.trililMMii Sta.^«:r 

."^iN'tuiid I. r 

lliiiifiii F d 

< >nx"ii Ti r.. . . II d 
(•rvinlaiid . . . .i| .1 

.\rk,ii:i*a!t F e 

I'liwi ."-. (iruiip. I o 
Kc.'it-ii kv '■ c 



CONSITLTING INDEX. 



65 



Na 



•4 rWo. tr. 



\ia;iai)lfMi:rha. 
Miitaiujri . 
^I■lll:||>) .... 

Alaua.H 

M iii.i^irivari 
M.I II •vftiAa . 
\lAiihy ... 
M iiirji ,t» r 
y\ iiii-iii -ii-r 
^I i'i'-!ii>ti-r 
\| iir'hi:ii-«-i 
MiikIi .... 

\\ ,\u\ ll ... 

^I iiiilin . . . 
\( iiiii i:!-* - . 
W .:■•! ir I. . . 
M.:i.!. n... 
M i.il.'i-.ir. . 

^I iiiij'i:tnr .. 
M riiliii;^ .. . 
\\ .ndiii^a .. 
M iiiiliii!«k. . 

M.iTuJriT'; .. 
M iiiiirourkiia 
Masit t«i>k . . 
Mull!*.'! di'«iit 

M lllfflliTf . 

Ma:i;,'a7.i« . . 
M in;;i ca .. . 
M iiijjiT.iy . . 
M mijiTay .. 
M iHjliiU-y 
Miii:jlirf» . 
Min;:'iu!'ikcii 
Mjii;;*3i .... 
^I.^rI;rl1•■ra 

M llllflitT-T . 

.M iiilifiiii . . 
.Miiiiana. . . 
M.inica .... 
Miiiica .... 
M:&:ti^oinvan . 
M.ii<ii-ijua:^dn . 
Maiiilli.... 
^[ltlinl•ki . . 
Maiiipi .... 
Majii«i«va . . 
M inituba . . 
Manitdu . . . 
M. I niton . . . 
Manitoulinc 
Manilinilinc 
ManiUch . . 
.Manivmil . . 
Marini . . . 
Mann.! .... 
.Manning . . 
Mannin;r*tf . 



I^■•(•lm. 



JL*. ,.Mad.i(;a'irar. . . 
r. ,.Mad.i^>iM'3r. . . 
Tr. Itrazil 



I.' 



r. Stmiiyraria 

!l- Thib.t 

I. Aufttralr.Ria . . ■ 
I. !S«'on.«tliy'H \A.. 

i'y. 'Knjvland 

T. MiH^iH^i|l|ti. . . . 
lilt. Hrit. .Vim rii*a . 

I*t- J.-iiii:iii*a 

:T. Hrazil 

r. i.\nruu\ 

Fl. Wi^p. i,i«ii;i 'IVr. 
Tr. jWijwi.npiii'l'cr. 

Di:!...'^ ■iid.iii 

T. ' Nnhii 

Ihs. ( 'l ll (h > 

Vt. f, |.U> 

i'l\ . Afiira 

11 jy Ncu- (ircii.-ida . 

T. liiH'ia 

T. IliiiiiiKiHtan . . . 
K. .^I 34].;/;; a scar. . . 
K. rAHJ^tir Kiirijiia. 
Sl.i. (•nt-iiUnd . . . . 

T. '.N.ipli <« 

T. ,lliiiil<it»(aii . ■ . 

\l. .VtriiM 

I. |l*ulviH-Nij 

I. 'MaiaVhia 

Str. MaliVMa 

C 'Mad.if;a«car. . . 

Pl Mi|ii.idiir 

T. .Vhi.itic Ku!*>ia. 

nk.4. ri*!viir--ia 

I. .\!.iliy!>ia 

|j. rrii^'iiiy 

ly. ILidi-ii 

t.'lv. .\frica 

aV.'Malaia 

T. i.Manira 

K. .Ixiwi r Canada. 

I*. Ijowi r ('.ipiHa. 

X-r. |I*hilli|iinr !». .. 

T. .\«latlr Ituiiiti.l. 

Malavfia 

lirazi'l 

Mrii. AiiMTira . 

j.MiMijfolia 

• lirit. AiniTicn . 

.Im il*{i{to r Canada . 

[:>. ,l'|i|><'r ('aiiad:i . 

K. .VKijtir Kn^^ia. 

'I*. AIadai;a^(ar. ■ . 

iT. .'**uiiialra 

VL Si>nf:.Miiiliia .. . 
PL Nortii Ainrrirj 
Sh. Now Cm nrifia. . 



T. 
T. 

I. 



MaiMMl linnsalvp<>'T. ilirazil 
5l«iiocl(ionxilvc^|l. jliraul 



Ret 

pT 

Pk 
II I 
Kd 

I'i 

;Kb 

Ke 
Kc 

tin 

;l k 

M c 

Kd 
Kb 

Mp 

Ll 

Ti 

Ob 

Pk 

Kb 

I b 

Nd 

lik 
li 
Ti 

c;h 

Td 

r i 

I I 

.Md 

(»k 

Mr 
llr 

Pb 

I'i 

Ji 

Fc 

Kd 

l)b 

(;d 
<;d 

od 

Si 
Lh 
<'a 
Wi 

>Ji 
Ji 



of n*nm, he. 



I 



.•«■ 



lanoly .... 
ilanonoo . . 
lanotoba .. 
ifanifl .... 
lanwfit td . . 
if nnfiti< id . . 
ilaniiatrc. . 
lantalajvoosc 
ljnUn<a« . 
ifnntatfen.. 
lantrhfwria 
ifanUhuoa . 
lantna. . 
|.LUui(;li . 
ifanziira . 
laoara .. 
I lonm . . 
la^rz. . . 
fapiina , 
)Ia|)uijta . 
lara* ... 
lara. . . 
laracaybo . 
I.traraybti 

ilaraiMtOH.. 

lara/i^lia.. . 
Maranipayn 

ifiininca .. . 

laranhain . 

ifar.inliani . 

I impi .... 

Iiraliilia . . 

il.iravi .... 

laravi .... 

f .irjvi .... 

larUrry . . 

far! lit' .... 

i[>iriiiiri^. . . 

larhiiri;. . . 

farru4 .... 

ItrruH .. . . 

Jardin .... 

1! iFrli 

larvtiinn .. 

l.irrUkoc . 

i!ar^ant*ii . 

I.tri;arct*tf . 

tliirifariU. . 

lana 

l.iriabrrj^ . 

laria lA>ui<i 

larian .... 

lariann.i . . 

lariart .... 

lariaii .... 

tlarias .... 

I.irias .... 

I aria V. J>irinrn 

lariiian 

larica . 
Marii-galante 




i.\ 



.1. 

\i- 
I. 

1/; 

liay 
I. 
T. 
Tr. 
(ty. 
Ir. 

K. 
I.. 

I'- 
.ML 

r. 

K. 
Din. 

;t. 

:(y. 
1^ 

ITr. 
iT. 

iT. 

1. 
il^ 

'<'v. 

r. 

I In. 

!T. 
I. 
Tr. 
T. 
I. 
T. 
T. 
I. 
I. 
T. 

r. 

I. 

r. 

Is. 

I. 

I. 

r. 

Ml 

i\ 

N. 

r. 

K. 

[ 

I'- 

iltk. 
C. 

r. 

T. 

.1. 



.Madaj;aNcar. . . P k 

Polj'iH-sia A j 

,HriL America . F c 
KriL Anii-rica . ii b 

Ohio ii d 

!liriL America . H b 
.MadajruM'ar. . . U j 
[jowit Canada, tt d 

C 'iilia Cv t' 

.\trica -N k 

Ana I' d 

Mantcliuuria . . L' d 

Italy .M d 

.Vi^iatic Ruii!«ia..V a 

.Miita|Ni O j 

Huriila a r 

.Mon^^ulia S d 

lirazii Ill 

.Mi'&ioii F f 

^.Ma)Mif>ta Ok 

.Vbyl(^inia O g 

Dariiir N g 

.Vunczuila .... II 9 

A'cnizucb II h 

Afrira O g 

IVrnia P 

Hrazil J k 

llrazil .<Ih 

llrazil J i 

llra/il J i 

Hrazil ;ili 

.Malavbia T h 

Afrira Oj 

.-Vlrica 'Oj 

.Alrira O j 

Suudon ...... .^.M Kf 

Ilril. Aiiirrica . F b 

'.\u?>tria N d 

jllriiM' Cawt 1 . . .M c 

PoIyniMa JW f 

Piilvzif'sia .H h 

.\jiiatii- Kuwia.jO • 

.\raiiia J* g 

.Mcditrrran. S«-a M c 

KiWkia ;0 b 

PiJyniiiia |i- k 

PiJ\m.-<ia |V f 

VVmziii la ... II g 

St-frhuiu-n V c 

Ja|ian 'V d 

lint. America .'F b 

PuIyniMa >V g 

Fliirida tt c 

|Mi>iMiuri Tvr. . Kd 

jPiilviH HJa H k 

|V'. Iht-nMn'tfl^i.-V' m 

'Afrira tK f^ 

!Nrw Zealand. .]X I 

IVn-ia !P« 

Brazil |J k 

I Wi«t Indie* .. . Ill g 



6» 



Maricnliurg . . 
^lariunwcrdui 

MociL-lta |T. 

Mariguuia • 



GONBULTtNG INUKX. 



.Uiu>u!i|al.-u 

MalBgunla. 
MiLtijrordB. 



Asiatic liiuiia ■ i 
Initiin Uci;iui . Llm 



Mu-kuiu r. ittusi.it 



irirazil , . . 

. , 1 iKmnjiu . . 

. fajhTurkoy . 
. T. I'l'iirkcy , . 
. Rk. ;n. Faciliu 

.Nd 

.Maniwfiic R. .tiiiianii Il h 

Manjui-Koii Ik. ll'uljriiuiti iC i 

MfliwillKii t;r, Kranco |M d 

Man.tiiill'i 'I. |fulyii«ui X h 

Mnttabnii 'Bay Oiriiuli N g 

Mnrlcii L. IllriL America .IK ^ 

yunh. 

'I'tiynvfi^ . ...iDk 
JManudiuncllfl.'Hd 
Bnl. Amcrii-i.'I'Jb 



Mnrliii 
Mirljii 
Muniri 



illril 



.tIatitoU 

MntcluU 

I Mutt-nilji 

I Slstlitn^'H . . . 

Matiev 

Miilifo 

Matilda 

, Malimo 

Malitmi 

. Matiudikin .. 
> .Maldchkiuu . . 
' Matoll 

.Matniiinjr 

Miitiiiniiy . . . . 

MalMiiny ■ . . . 

Mattaliiatu... 

Mitlhiai .... 

MiiUi^;cniwi> .. 

MultMrtt'L- 

Millura 



Rhi'SiuUH'niUcL'iuilKk ' 



UU.,Br 
Mutiiii-ji 
.Mortiu V. 

MuTilDI - - — 

.Uarvilk- 'lhy'Kiilklim<l !■ 

Miry .\i>iH! . . . . t'. Rrit. Auuriia . in 

Mjoy llulcuU'* .. I. il'<.tyuPHiii A 

Mary Jiinra --. .!Uay llril. Aim-rici . ^' 

Miryliml Si. t'uili^ Sutii. .'C 

MaryluHl jCVil. , [.ihrrL-i I. 

.Marj'.. |a,r'" - ■ -■ - 



III 



....'I. fH'aiificCtc... 
.1. S-rjcifinOc... 



kjl 



M««ara ty. '.Vlji.-n. .. . . 



MafJii-w ■ 

.Muiu^luc 

Mn«a>-li>M[ 111 . 
MaiBrjrIiiiwllH . 
.Mit»,ii-r<' 



..IT. 



Indiat 



..rk 

...Qf 



'Aftica 
St. l'iiil.'dHiit<'s..'fld 

1. 'i'.jyi."w .\r 

.'U. .\M-U:dMtl.... Wi 

. r. AiiL-I X i 

. II ir 



. ^lalui 



.Maulit->. 
.Maui... 
Mauli'.. 
; Maul<u»i 



MaxHcIl .. . 

May 

M.J. 



Tnj* 

.U«ico .. . . 

Kuritu I»!u 
Pulynnia. . 
Pdy«i.. . 

'. Polrnciii .. 

y.ATncB 



Alffien jMc 

. PJyncM. Vk 

Matambiaat ..■Of 
Japan.. ?..... IV ; 
' ' Hie Runia. X li 
■ Zvmbla. . 

■"'^"'"j.'i.i'."!; 



Norlii Aiurrica 

Ml. America. IF b 
.Anialic KuiMS- :R a 



i>ol7i>nia....!]Bj 
iM&anUrtan .]F } 



MayuLimiha ....,T. 



{Aaiatir Kiiaia. V e 
Torlu Rico . . . . Ih K 

Barlury !L f 

If itiduiMUn ... 11 1 

Miuiviii^ Hi • 

I'-apr Wrd Ih-JKa 

l'»lyi>L-Ma IA] 



CONiSt'LTING INDEX. 



67 



MayrchUl.. 

Mayro 

May*i 

May»\il!c . . 

M^yiiiiiba. . 
MjjviIIo .. . 
.Mala wail . . 
\Iazjgiii>. . . 
M ixaiuliB . . 
M ix.indcraii 
M ii:illillu . . 

.Maupil 

M-4X.iii{ia. . . 

MiMtlill . . 

M uiViiiuba 
Maxt-ira . . ■ 
Mai4 ira . . . 
M kfff xiitcy 
Mii'il.-i . . . . 
Miiiir 1 . . . . 

Mi< '\*u r'x. . 
M.<-.ii:wfh . 
M'-lk'Hiifl . 
M' 11.111 il .. 

MHollivraV 
M< (Mlliway 
McImip'. . . 
MKivV... 
M«'KiiiIi'V. . 



^f•-KlI>li v> • 
M. L .-.i *. . , 

^I'■\ if If .. , 

M- •iiici^ ■ • • 

M C til S. l4s»G 

MiTiitiu^ . 
McfVA . • . • 
Mt'ckk-ii!i:irf; 

Srhwrrin .18 
Mvcklcnburjf 

StrtrliU ... 19 

Mccon 

Mi-ddr 

Medicine... 
Mi-didana.. 
Mt^iiia .... 

(Medina .... 
Mrdinct SiilUn 
Mvdilrmncau . 
Mi'diuro . . . 
MrdroiM.. 
.Medvia.... 
.Mc«aday . . . 
Mc**rpore . . 
Mi*£na .... 
Mchadin . . . 
Mcherrmn .. 



I 

iT" 

r. 
c. 

r. 

Dirt. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

•I\ 

IT. 

Pr. 

Pi. 

.1'. 
T. 

I'. 

Diii. 



Tartar V 

p.ru . : . 



!t. 

'I 

i«» 

111. 

c. 

{•: 

K. 

I. 

rk. 

Il:iy 
K. 
Kt. 
liar 

1. 

N. 

r. 

[liar 
t'v. 



Cuba 

Ktiiiucky 

IjOIIII^O 

!i«>.ini;ii 

New Viirk .. . . 

Mofuccu 

lir.izil 

.M'rioa 

IVrhia 

Ni-w (irriuda . 

MrxiC4) 

.MiizaiiiUiiut.* . . 

Mi-\icti 

Africa 

Araliid 

.Vr.iliii 

(■uiana 

1 'iilljri) 

, Mii/aiiiliii{iic . . 

IVilvm-rtu 

Si-iif^aiiibia . • . 
Aii^tral'j>>i.i . . . 
lint. AiiKTira . 
KriL .\(ii« riea . 
Hrit. Aiii> rica . 
On (^oii Tit. . . 
liiit. .\iiu:rii:u . 

INilynesiii 

Urit. Aiiicrira . 
Ilrit. .Villi rira . 
lint. Aiiii-riiM . 
.ItriL Aincriia . 
lint. Aiiurii-a . 
lint. Aimi''''a . 

■lilIKkll ■•■■ ■■■ 

Mai lyii.i 

Abyi'oiiiia 

lialiradur 

I.Arabia 



t 



lUf 

FT 

Hi 

lit* 

;gg 

IMi 
-Mi 

i^d 

•1 i 

c 
h 

' ■ ■ ■ 

Pi 

V\ 

I II 

Mi 

Wh 

}'^ 

V i 

II a 

>Kb 

;»■'• 

■Kd 
Db 

.(■ in 

Fb 

Db 

Fb 

Dc 

Kb 

IDb 



•« ' 



I'll 

lie 
Of 



I 
G. D (jcrinany c 



(■•1) (irrmany . . .. 

K. I l^anii 

T. ;Ilind(iuMtan . . 
R. MinHiiiiri Tt-r. 
Vil. jPataf^juia . . . 

(>. JArabia 

T. -New Grenada 

T. jTripoli 

Sea 

I. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

R. 

T. 



Mc 



Mc 

Rr 

Kd 

II in 

Of 

lib 

.Ne 

No 

Xh 

N'f 

Ng 

Sf 

Qf 

Sf 

Oy. Alrlra jO b 



Polynonia . . 
Fezzan . . . . 

At'rica 

Ilirmah.. . . 

Sinde 

Ilindooatan 
Arabia . . . . 



Mei.ponte 

Mi'jdtiuehar»ky . 

.Mvkdukk 

Mekran 

Mela 

Mflaiiio 

.Melaiit) 

Ml i^isi^ 

Ml li:iiia 

Mtlinda 

Mi-linda 

M''liii(]ue 

Mrhu 

Milkiiii 

Mi.ililla 

Melli|«lll 

MeiMrn 

Mi'lliiibV 

.MelM.'ii 

Mil.. 

MiUilU' 

.Melville 

.Ml Ivillc 

MrlviUe 

Milville 

Mthillr 

Melville 

.Melville 

Melville 

Meiulia Kuiiia . . 

Meinc 1 

.Meiii|i{ii)i 

Men.iii|;kalwo . . 

Mendawcc 

.Mendc 

.Mi'iideli 

Memiiieinu 

Mcntloza 

.Mendiizu 

.Mcn^ 

Meiiiiumoniea.. . 
Menurmndre . . . . 

Mrnut* 

.Mcncalch 

Menzelinak 

.Mcofak 

Mcoribaiiith . . . . 

McH]uiiuui 

Mcraiiclic 

.Merawc 

.Mcrreilen 

McrrlianU* 

Merchants* 

Mcrrlioaakio . . . 

Mercury 

.Mercury 

Mergucn lloCun. 

Mf*r|;ui 

Meriato 

Mrriliowhcy . . . . 
.Moritla 



T. 

I'r. 
■Pa. 
'PL 
1. 
•L. 

r. 






Brazil 

Nuva Zctnbla 

At'rica , 

IieIiMM:bi!itaii . 
Pata^iiiia . . . 
Muzaiiibiquu < 
Mala\iiia . . . 

Rarbdry 

Airier* 




k 



Ity. Africa 

It. lAlrica Mi 

|T. liunii* Ayrva . 

jT. Africa 

|T. .\iii.itie KuM»ia. 

T. Mitriiceo 

T. ■<-|iili 

II. AuMraUbia • . . 
!. Polynenia 

RfsL Au>trdlaj>ia 

|T. iliiienijM Avn-a . 
i|iay:.\evrS.\V3icii . 
liiy '(■nt'nlaiid .... 
lirit. America . 
Pen.. Brit. America .|G b 

Ka 
Kb 
Db 
I a 

Nc 

Gc 

Sh 

Ti 

Md 

Pc 

Dd 

111 

HI 

Sf 

Gd 

Ok 

Oo 

Oc 

Pc 



I. .New Holland. . 
I. Brit. Anierica . 
So. Brit. AiiK-rica . 
.Mt. IliriL Aiiierica . 
.Mt>. Gn-enlaiid . . . . 
iPt. .MoMnibiquv . . 

i 'y. PruNJiia 

IT. Teiiiu'iiMi' . . . . 

T. Siimatru 

T. liiirnfo 

jCy. France 

jr. Pemia 

,C .Mrxini 

■Pr. Biieno!! Ayrcii . 

Vy. BuentiH Ayrea . 

I. :liinquin 



Ir: ' 

IT. 
I. 

r. 

IT. 
L. 



inqulli 

jWiiiconiiin Tcr. 
iMadac^ancar. . . 

lEjryjrt 

Egyi»t 

I Asiatic RuMia. 



'Arabia Of 



Brit .America . G d 



.Morucen 

1*1 i.Asiatic Turkey 

T. :Nubia |0 

T. iBuenni Ayrea . 
Bay BriL America . 

It. Greenland 

C. I.Atiiatir Ruaia. 
Bay .New Zealand.. 



I. Africa 

P. .Mantrhnnria 

Arc.-Iiay nf Beniral. 



PL 
T. 
T. 



New (tn-nada . S h 



.Africa., 
.Mexico 



Le 
Oe 

Or 
HI 

lib 

la 

Va 

XI 

Mk 

L'd 



Nk 
Gf 



68 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



nf I1icm,ftc 



CUM. 



Merida 

Mcrida ...... 

Mcrinova .... 

Mcrilan 

Mcrla Eavoo . 
.Mcrinantau . . ^ 

Mem jl. 

.Mcrrcincnjfowfl . Tr. 
Mcru al Rud . . . .T. 



T. 
T. 
T. 
C. 
I. 
L. 



Mrr t 



Mcrvo *i-' 



McKCiila 

Mcwritz 'C* 



T. 






TaMkn. 



Ret 

Uta. 



h/- 



r. 

T. 
T. 



Mcsliiiril 

.Mesjid All 

Mcsijid IIusHcin. 

McHKam J 

McRsa ,.'1> 

Mcitsina ....... Cy 

Mustfjota .T. 

Mesiirata '1'. 

Mcsiirata jC 

^ivia ..........jl. 

Mcta K. 

Mc'tciin I. 

Mctiiyc !«. 

Mtitiiyc jfj. 

.Mrtko -Dis. 

Metvcnkaya .... iT. 

Mctz Cy. 

.Mowar ........ Pr. 

Mcxia >U. 

Mexico Rep 

Mcxicci St. 

Mexico ('. 

Mexico 'Cy. 

.Mezari 'C ' 



Venezuela .... II h 

Sp.'iiii fj c 

.\iiiutic Russia. R c 

Arabia P f 

Polynesia A j 

I^uisiana Ft' 

Syria Ho 

Africa (> i 

Tartary Q c 

llin(i(K>st.'in . . . R f 
C treat iJiicliariu;Q c 

Mexioi) iF g 

Priis.4ia jN c 

Moznmtiiqiie . . |( ^ j 

\rul»i:i |0 c 

Arnhist ;<> c 

Itfit. AiinTiea ..(r c 

Susc I Fj f 

.Sieilv N e 

S{ 
Nc 
Nc 



of P»mi,fte. 



Middleburg .... Is. 
!Middle Savage. . Is. 
Mid<i if ton's .... I. 

.Middliton*8 Str. 

Middle Vigtcn . . 1. 

Midia IT. 

Midian 'T. 



Cla 



l^^ 



Polynesia .\ k 

Brit America .'11 1 
Australaiiia .... W k 

Australasia ... I W I 
Norway 1Mb 



jTurkcy 
'Arabia 



Nd 
Of 
.Me 






r. 

Bav 



Mezi'nc 

Mozriic 

Mezcne ;Ii. 

Mezicrcs ;T. 

Mezr.iz lYiH, 

Mirlin 

Mhyshkin .... 

Minco !('y. 

•*i laii . .•...••. ic. 
.Mianiis Tr. 



T. 

r. 



;v 



Miana . 
.Miarrin 
.MiaMiija 



r. 

R. 

R. 



Michigan St. 



.Tap-in 

! Asiatic Riisxia.'T v. 

. Michiiran <» d 

l|*rr-ia P e 

Hra/il I i 

Riix^ia P l» 

Tniti'd Slates.. '<; d 

Indiana (1*1 

Cnitrd .**«tatr's. . <f il 
r|i{ii r (^iiiada .'<■ d 

I 



.Michijrun Cy. 

Mietii:;an L. 

Mirliipintttfin .. . Ihy 

Mirtiiiiicotton .. .L.' |I'(i;h r r.iii.ijla .tic 

.Miehi|ii('ntt<in .. . <!. 'rpiir < 'an ida . <■ d 

Miehtiaean I.St. ' Mr\i I' ^ 

Middfi^is |t. |lfc ri;.-. S^ 

Milldk* 'Ii. .[.••'.M r ( 'iiMiia. II r 

•'*' ■ 1 «■ I. >.iii1i5 S'i. ti ind jj o 

Middle I. \ii-ir.ilii-ii ... i'l 



F»r/.z:in 

Tri|Kili 

TrijHjli 

.\siatic Russia. jV c 
.N'evv (ironada .1(1 h 
.Vrehipilufro. . .jN c 
Rrit. .AnR-riea .'E c 
Brit. America .!E c 

SoiKlan j.Vg 

Rnssii Ob 

France 'M d 

.<inde Q f 

Africa IM i 

North America 'E c 

Mexico 'F jj 

North America f-* t' 

Mexico Fg 

OniroiiTer.... Ud 

Russia O I> 

RuMwia Ob 

Rn-4<«ia Ob 

France iM d 

Soudan -.N g 

Ru!«sia |0 c 

Russia O c 



Midrue -T. '..Algiers 

.Mier T. jMexico F f 

.Mijji.Ttheyn . . . . Tr. Africa F g 

Mikhalova 'T. A.»iatic Rus^^ia. T b 

Mikulin jBiy Russia P b 

.MiUulin '(.\ * Russia P b 

.Milam jT. Texas F f 

.Milan Cy. Italy M fl 

Aliiilred iIi. jRrit. America . ;F b 

Mdk R. _.Mi*(j(ouri Ter. .' FI d 

Milkuf. |T. I A^iatic RuHi^ia . VV c 

.Mill I. Brit. America . (; b 

.Mille !I. iPolynoMii 'X h 

Millcdgcvillc . . .'(*y. < Georgia •<> e 

MilNburg It. 'I.il,eria 'L h 

.Mill's Point . . . JT. jKentucky <; c 

Milno T.d. LScon Nbv'*s I^. K a 



4*4 I i%j •■■••■•••■ !■ 

.Mil'ivtoyskik . . . T. 

Miltsin jMt. 

Milwalky T. 

Minas ("ieraes. . . Pr. 
Miuehimadiva . .'Vo].|Pat-igonia 
Minch (the) .. . .| 

Mindanao T. 

Minden Cy. 

Mindnro Sea 

.Mind'iro I. 

MiiiLral Point . . T. 
Alinorva I. 



ArcljijK.lr.go .. . .V c 
.Vi^iatie Russia. S c 

.Morocco L c 

Wiscrmsin Ter. l»d 

Brazil • J j 

llm 

Sc:otlaiid I. c 

Mindanao . .. .iC h 

Prussia Mr 

.Malaysia jC h 

Malay r'ia -I' sr 

iWiKCi)n>in Tcr. E *i 
Pdlvnetiia C j 



.Min;:an ViL ,Fjo\vrr Canada. -11 c 

.Mini; Kiansf .... R. I'hina .... ■ . . .'S c 

.Miii;;n-Iia <'ty. .Aria lid 

.Minho R.' Portugal L d 

ks Asia Uh 



.Mini 



I'd 



'}■ 



Rki 



.Miniit T. 

.Mintirca I. 

.Minnk 31. Pr. 

Minsk Cy. 

Mintow T. 

Mi»«(n L. 

.Mitpirlon I. 

.Mirador 'l\ 

.Miranda ....... T. 

Mire|N»lf T. 

Miriiii r.. 

Miririii hi B.iv 

Mi..-..:i 'I. • 

.MiHcncr'r* Bk*- 



Egypt kl t' 

Mi'ditirran. Seaj.M d 

ICu^sia Nc 

RuMia 'N c 

iBanra |T i 

.Norway .M b 

Newttiundland.'l d 



I 



li 

Ld 

ilh 

r.i 



Mi^ini . . 
Mis^ilttil . 
^IiiM vri . 

\|i«i>if»i«v 



V. 
K. 
T. 



Bra7il 

Portugal 

jRuswia 

•Vfni xuila 

rriiL'u IV 

\. B;uii<«M!« V . II d 
l.(j\\i r C.inuU.,Ii d 

A^i I R I 

Br.i.'il II 1 

\rri..i N,f 

■Purkt V N d 

.Niu llulljnd .. r J 



(X)NSULTING INDEX. 



Gil 



MiMina . . . . 
MmMiiaby . 
MiiMiiinippi . 

Miiuii««ii*(H .. 
Mi«»i!i«i|i|ii .. 
MiKMfli>:iirhi . 
MiifrHiri .. .. 
Mi«».iuri .. . . 
^I i«K- (iri . . . . 
.Mi-4akcD . . . 
M i*4<*|«cc . . . . 

MiUu 

MitrlirU'tf... 

Mitohi 

Mitiaro 

Miloe 

Milfv 

MiUun 

MitucbrfT. .. 

Miya.<i 

Miini 

Mi«imb lUy . 

M«»a 

Miiab 

Mom 

Mubalec . . . . 

Mobile 

MiJiUc 

MMboCi 

Mucambira . . 
Mocan^flu 
Mocarango . . 

M'idia 

Mocha 

•*10CK •••••• 

Mocoa ..■■■• 
Mcjcumoca . . 
MiJCfyalobodk 
Mod«na.. 



32 



I 



Mom . . 
MofleB • 
Moyaira 
Mofana 
MoffSfovok . . 
Mo|fnilcT • ■ • 
M«if hilrr . . . 
MogtHilvkaja 

Mofi 

Mofpncale... 
Mo^odnre . . . 
Mofraffa Arabs 
Moif rat . 
Mohanr 
MohawK .... 
MfihiBa ■ 
.Mfihin . 
MuhylcT 



Laung 



ka 



II 



I 



IHwU^ 



RK 



Ctl 



1 « Ja|Mn 

I J. lint. Aiiurica 
\\L lidt. Aiiicriira . K c 

!St. 'I'liititi Stali-K. Jii c 
|R. i.N'iirtli Aiii«rira (■ t* 

;T. ^irwri' \ c 

Sl .I'liiltil Slatrn.. y r 
Trr.'i'niU'tl Stat;**, . V d 
H, \Viiic«in»in Tit. .F p 
I by New Z-.'aldiiJ. . X m 
T. Mrxiro VfT 

\cy, \i\ii>fti:i In c 

,Cir. PijlviifMa . .. .IX i 

|(y. 4'lnm {'V c 

1. rJvii'Ma lij 

JL. TiiiVt Sc 

II. AustruiaKia.. . .iX j 

T. iSindo U f 

Nora Zeiiibia. .1* a 



I' 
jAHiatir Ru.<l^iM..Q c 

Irrlaiid |lj c 

Africa !t»j 

; Malaysia jl' i 



J. 
K. 
Ud. 
I. 

jT. "Syria Of 

jllaj HriL AiiicriLM . 1! c 

,r. Alrira N k 

,C*y. 'Alabama .!■ u 

lUy Alaliaiiia (i c 

jt'ty. Ainoa k) k 

T. llraiil \i | 

■Tr. (Airir.! !N j 

Vly-l-Vlriri {X j 

It'y. Arabia O ;; 

!l. Oiili ,in ' 

jT. Norw.Tv 'M b 

r. 'New (.'rciiada .:Ilh ! 

,T. Sumatra Si , 

T. Asiatic KuMii.i . S c 

1>. Italy M d ; 

CV. Italy ;M d 

'/r ;<;rctMt. |Nc I 

[T. iNorway 'Mb. 

I. IK-nnurk M c j 

I. jSiHtsbi-rgcii . . . ,M a i 

T. iKpyiH ;N v \ 

T. Biniiah Sf i 

Hay ,I.abrador I c | 

Pr. JRunUa O c j 

T. iRiiwia ,() c : 

T. -AMialic Kii»!>ia. ,T c ; 

jR. Rrazil.. 'I k ' 

In. MazamUiqiic . . <) j 



T. 

Tr. 

I. 

T. 

:k. 



MilHKX'O JFj c 

Africa :I« f 

Nubia jOfc' 

I«a<M S jr 

Nl-w Y.irk . . . . |li d 
Indian (Xran . O j 



T. jMantcltiMria 
T. |RuA»i.t 



Id 

Nd 



Mi>i)riiiu(jikui ...(•. 

Mijaiira T. 

Miijayiik T. 

Mok.iiiibi T. 

Miikaiinu-liy ... I. 
Mukliji-ii«kuva .. T. 
Mokur ....'.... T. 

.MoIjoii T. 

Muldaiia S'^}'- 

MuliniMUX Dav 

M..lUr UaV 

MoILr 'I. ' 

Miiluct'aH Is. 

Moluri;ue.\lolli>ii I. 

Moiiia R. 

Mmiibis Oy. 

.MiiiiiliaM i*r. 

.Mo(iibi!i ,R. 

Moiiijiox ,T. 

.'I'liia ••.....•.-i. 

MiKia I. 

Mcmadii T. 

.^^«Ila TasKaf^c . . Str. 

Mniicai T* 

MmirhalNiu Cy. 

MiiiidL-gii i\ 

Mdiifia I. 

Molilalia R. 

Mitii;;aro T. 

MiiiiCt^'aiKiiiiig .. . T. 

M>iii^i-uriji Tr. 

Muiit;« lia I. 

Minimi *ii I*t. 

Miin);hadjar .... ML 

Mfinica R. 

M on key Key ... I. 

M'Uik'N in. 

M-niniiuth C*. 

Mi'rnntiiitli I. 

!\liinnercin I. 

Mono Kiuu{;i .. .|Cty. 

.M«4ipan ,T. 

M'lnriN.* T. 

Miinrm*. ....... T. 

Mnnriivia T. 

MuniuliiiincM . . .,Tr. 

M>iniM)l I . 

M«»ntafnr PL 

M'intai;uc I. 

Montague- ;i'. 

Montague .(*. 

Monti. f;uc F. 

MontaL'ur Pa 

M<intalr(;rc T. 

Montar^iM T. 

Miintauk Pt. 

MiinlrlciVrz T. 

.Montr ('iirii'lo . . 1. 

Monti :;«i Ray 

Moiiii-n-v P. 



^»tM. 



RfC 



Va 



.\iiiatic RuMia. 

Harra N f 

Russia O c 

Mounibi-jui* • ..O j 
Kurilf Inlands. jW d 

Russia |Pb 

Ruaiiia IN a 

Mantc'liuoria . .[V d 

Kuro|if jN d 

.New Zi-aland. . jX m 
Nm'a Zcuibla .. i* a 

|Polvnc)*ia (* j 

Malaysia I' i 

lAnia .Qh 

AHiatic Rustia. V b 

.\frica ■() i 

Africa X) i 

Africa <)i 

..Vrw (■n-nada .'I lb 

llirniah S f 

Wmt Indii-s.. . Ilg 

CVbbts 

Wfst Indies.. 

RranI |I i' 

llinnah iS T 

Portugal .L d 

Indian (h-tan . i) i 

;Afrira <> j 

Al'rira N j 

Ikirncu -Tli 

Afrii-a L f 

IVntian (Julf.. P f 

.S-frlialini V d 

Tarlary .P d 

Paraf^iiay I k 

!s.P«iifii:Or... 1 
jN(!W (trcnada .;li g 
'Pn1u);i«nia . . . . jll n 
.Mulavsia ,1' t* 



LMi 



Vd 



()i 



Mcintrn V ,T. Mixico 



S«'|r|ia)iL'n . . . 

Africa 

■LafM jS f 

l<ftui}<iana ;F c 

Micbif^nn |(j d 

Ijbcria ;Ij h 

Africa Isf 

'.Africa |N i 

iLnzon Ug 

Nortli America Cc 

Patagonia j(i in 

Sjndwif.b Ij«i. ..K n 
Australasia ... .|\V 1 
New Ilritain . .|\V i 

iRrazil I i 

'France M d 

'^Munfr Island ... il d 

■ Mexico K 1' 

Mcditcrran. S«a M d 

.Tanirijra i^" 17 

^Il'xico K f 

'Dc 



70 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Nu 



te. CliK 



^aif««. 



Monlorrv ■ . • 
MonU'hik . • ■ 

MolltcVtTlli' . 

Moiilijoiiicry 
Moii!i;«»nirry's 
iMontiN'licr . ■ 
Mont|Mll'u:r . . 
MiJiitroal. . . . 
Montreal. . . . 
Moiitn'al .... 
Montrcddy . . 
.M'jntrom: . . . 
Montroiu? . . . 
Moiitscrrat . . 

Monzi* 

M<xicuo\van . 
Mrjojrroovc . . 

.Muolky 

.Mool'Mja .... 
Monn (of the) 
Mouiidah . . . 

Moort'*ri 

Mfxirc's 

.Motirfrliah. . . 
MfN)r{;haub.. 

.Mriorja 

M(x>nihi'dabad 

MOOMC 

Moow; 

.M0090 

MiXHo 

MlJOM' 

Moofw llc.id. 
McNisif I^^iko . 
.Miioith 

Mo|MMl 

M>M{iif}iiia . . 
MiMiuriii .... 
M(ifjtii.<« 

•'lOi A ■•••■■■ 

Miira 

.Miirajii* 

.MoraKkoi . . . 

.M'jrant 

.Morarif K.iyM 
.MMrdM-iiiDV . 

.Miirr I 

M'iie!iit .... 
Morc-liv'j*. . . 

M<tri tifi 

Muri't'Mi .... 
M'lrciiiii .... 
Miirpvr.i .... 
Mftnkini. . . . 
Mnrliix . ... 

Miirhv 

Miirli'v ■ . ■ ■ 
M->riiiii:'l n . 
M'lrinnjluii . 



Day 

Tr. 
I. 

<•>■• 
T. 

Gr. 

Cy. 

Cy. 

K. 

K. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

I. 

C-. 

R. 

r. 

T. 

rty. 

.Mis. 

n. 

I. 

I. 

K. 

T. 

T. 

C'v. 

DlH. 

K. 
R. 

L. 
I.. 



Fl. 

r. 

r. 

T, 

r. 

Tr. 

T. 

T. 

MlM. 

T. 

Vt. 

u. 

Knv 
rrii 
T. 

Ml!.. 

w 

Wiy 
I. 

r. 

I. 

r. 

T, 

I. 

.Kim 



Ret 

.Mexico \) V- 

Arabia O c 

INilyiitrsia \\ h 

rruifiiay .... II 

Alain liia G c 

liaNliTn S.ni ... U f 

Wrmonl If d 

France ."^I d 

Irfjwcr Tanada. lid 
l.'iiitrdStatt's.. Fd 
l'|ij»»T C'anada .'G d 
Ilindrmstan . . . R g 
Pennsylvania. . G d 

Scotland L c 

West Indifs.. . Ilg 
nfl<xx*liistan . .'U t' 
Hrit. Amt^rica . K r 

.\fri('a N j 

llindoost.in • • • <^ g 

At'rici N i 

.Vt'rira 'N li 

Africa .M h 

iV)tyn('»ia X i 

I'lilynrsia V c 

Tarlary Q c 

PirMJa V c 

Africa IL ^ 

IlindiK^tin . . .R f 
Itrit. Atiierira . (* c 
Urir. America . <« c 
WiMCon^in Ter. P d 
C iTi'iiim Trr. . . ' M c 
Itiit. AineriiTa . F c 

Mninr II d 

Drit. Aiin-rica . F c 
\si:iti'; Rii«sia. <) e 

( orr.i r d 

Sii'itii pi ni . . . II j 

Hrazjl I J 

Mi'xicii K • 

Swc<U>ii Mb 

Simdan M ^ 

Afrira .N f 

.\si.-ilir Russia. Q b 

Janiui'M G ;r 

Jamaica (■ ^ 

.^■!,'iialii 11 V d 

Gri«<'f \ c 

Ar.'ilii'i V fl 

\i w II..lKin.l.. Tk 

l{<i'«si.i \ r 

N.w .<. \Val.-« . \V k 
Aiiolr<ii'isia ... W k 

itr.i/>! II i 

.*iinil'.vii li !«.. , It f 

I'V HUM' I. d 

t ".iMr.iii I .\ i 

« itlririi Ilk 

\. w .<. >V.il. «* . V J 

N'll-i I O IT 

\'l:. I I.. 



( r Plam, Ir. CUi 



Icv 'M 



PwtML 



Miirocco 

Mom IIcrnio?io..'< '. 

.Morokni I. 

Moroniona Hay 

.Morososjina .... !T. 



1.M 



orncco I< e 

.Mi'xico K f 

Sindwich Isi. . .iUf 
.Mrnutmliiquc . . |< I k 
Vsiatic Hiiii«>ia.Kv' c 



Bolivia Ill k 

Bolivia H k 

Prru G i 



Morr)sr>shna .... .R. . Aniatic UiiM'ia . 'W c 

Moroloi 1. Sandivicli Iip. . . B f 

.Morphil I. Smi'irambia ... U g 

.Morris |G. ;(irccnland . . . . jli a 

Morris J. -Polynesia )X i 

Morro ( -arn tai . [PL 'Peru G j 

Morro dc Mexil- ! I 

lones -Pt. 

Morro Jor;;o. . Jpt. 

.Morrn|H' 'T. 

Morro Pooa .... (ly.' Africa 'N j 

.Morlain T. France *hd 

Morty Sir. .Mala^iiia ... . 'L' h 

.Morty I. .Malaysia '(' h 

Mornal I. Polyuria jV ^ 

Moriia.«( Tr. New Grenada .'if h 

Morumbidn-cH;.. . R. New S.Wali*ii .V I 

Alorundava 'IS:iy .Mada{;ascar. ..'Ok 

Moscbi T. .\ul«ia 1> c 

.Moscovy Ml. Sjiibshi rjjcfi . . . 'M a 

.Moscow 35. Pr. Rlls^ia Hj c 

Moscow ( 'y. Russia O c 



Afiatie Russia. O d 
.\u^tnila«ia ... l* i 

.\frica Nk 

liotTodon li. .. .{M b 



.Mosdok T. 

Mosbnwa JR. 

Moski'Mf^s I. 

Mosqnitia Dii. (>uaU'niala .. .•!<■(: 

Mottqiiito 'Ray BriL Anicnca . iC« b 

M(XM|uito <ar. Polynesia IX b 

Moyc^uito Pt. New Grenaila . |G b 

Moss T. Norway :M c 

MtiHHf'l Bay S|iitJ*li«'rjE^n . . . ;M a 

Most;i(rb I. .\si.itu* Rii«>ia. l' a 

Miistar |T. .Vii^tria ^N d 

Mosul (\. Asiutic Turkey t> r 

Motao I.' C orea [f e 

.Motapa 1 'ty. .\friea '.\ j 

.Motirlenhndi ...<'. .\iiiatu' Runsia. W c 

Brit. America . G a 



MiMiat <'. 

Mouja T. 

.Moiikdt II T. 

.Moiiklitniiiskoi.. T. 
Mtiuksjnufka ... R. 
Monlin T. 



Siiidaii '[« |» 

.Miintebuoiia . .|l* d 
Aiii.itic Ru.^ia.'T b 
Asiatic Rii<i!>ia.iV a 
.\u«tralaiiia .... !W j 



M.iuliiw 'T. France '.M u 



R. .\Mntie Ruvia.,Q b 

'(*y. IlindtioHtan . . .'Q c 

'R. .\<iiiitir RtKwia.'r b 

Ml. S.iiidwirli N. ,. H p 

Mt. .""^andwiih Is. ■ . li i* 

In. S-i.rf^iby's I.d.. Ka 

R. Vdiitii' R(b>«i4. V b 

^fi>n|itv H. StMintjana Q d 

M ur.i'. T. Bra/il !.| i 

.M '"in !i R. M.iiifi1|.*»ri4 ..'I'd 

^!•« irm-i\'i .. .T. A*! .'I ■ RM'"«ia.' r !i 



Moiilnn 

.Moiilt:in 

Miiiina 

Moiiii.ili Kaah 
MmiiimIi Ri-:i . 
.Miiiiiitii'>rri<i. . 
.MiMipti 



rONSl LTINt; INDKX. 



^■nn -4 l\vrm, \' 



M*iir/uk 

W 'Utiiui 

Miiu!iin 

^I>t%l£l 

^|ltWl r 

Mo\o* 

M>i/jiiiSi<|Ui*.. 

M i/.1II)IM']'1C.. 

M-i/aii>bii]iie.. 

M'liyr 

M.iiiiit Ciniitl 
M>>;itit I^'scrt. 

Mut-htiiii .... 

Miirkif* 

Miiniiviii .... 
Murwaunptirc 

M till 

M'iflat;o 

.M^tlj^' 

M'tC^alh .... 

Miigfird 

MuifhcM 

Miij*na 

Muirun 

Muktar 

Mulal 

Miilgrave . • . 
M iilj^arc .... 

Muli^rare 

Mull 

Multnomah . . 
Mutiiliarack . . 

MuiiiilU 

Mundlah 

Munj^ari 

Munich 

Mil Nimij^i . . 
Miinniporc . . . 

Muntter 

Muonlfmuka . 

Muonio 

MurcU 

Murdock 

I- Mcirmur 
.MuraC 
Mumy 
Murray Firlli. 
Mumv Maxwell Fn. 



I MarraT*t > > • • 
Murray *• — • 

MiirtaKi 

Marucuni.... 
Miinuora. . . . 

Miisa 

Muaani^ani . . . 

Miiicat 

Miiacle 

Mnacus 



T. 

rv. 

Il'iv 

!»..: 

Tr. 
I. 

(■■iV 

r. 

ru. 

I. 

T. 
W 
I. 

\Vi. 
Ft. 
T. 
Tr. 
T. 
Iliv 
T.' 
('. 
Tr. 
C. 
T. 
T, 
(. 
T. 
R. 
Is. 
I. 

Pa 
f. 
R. 
T. 
T. 
T. 
T. 

*•>• 
(ty 
<'V. 

*>• 
T. 

R. 

;<■> 

ML 
R. 



I. 
I. 
r. 

R. 
Cty. 

!t. 



Dii. 
IK. 

I. 



'Ani.iiii' Ru>.-<ii. S c 

Ki-7./. Ill \ I' 

V^i.ilii' IS It".-! i. ij a 

N'nv.i Si-, ill I. . . lid 

VfriiM N j 

■S.iiiilw II li l-t. . . Ii 1' 

Ihiliiii II J 

AtVi'M t»j 

Mu/.iiniii';tii: . . (> j 
li)iii:iii Oi'Mii .Ok 

■Mu/.:iiiibiiiiii: • • O j 

Kii^«ii \ c 

l!!iriiiih Of 

Miiii.' !l J 

Krit. Aiiit rii':i . K U 

'lt*-ii:;iii \.i Mi 

Siiiiri(r.-i S li 

\!ri..i M j 

lIiiiil-MiHi III ... R t 

(•ffi-iil iiiti .... I h 

.*^iiiil.iii N If 

'ISrit. .\iM< rirj . K :i 

Afri'Ti O i 

-I..il>r:iiiiir Mi' 

Alriii NT 

iRiiciiiM Ayn-H . II 1 

Au••tr.-lIu^l.l . . . 'I* k 

'rripili N f 

.\*\ ilii' R(l^^i^. r C 

li'Mlyni -i.i X h 

Tilly III "i-A X li 

Ndfth Aim rii-.i 1' c 

Si-iillaiiil Li* 

i Jri'ijiiii Ti r.. . . I'd 

.Viilua I.) g 

;\«i.ilit* Turkiy I* i- 
|IIiniiiio.<<Lui . . . R f 

;AfriiM N :; 

jllav.iri.'i M d 

lAfrii'a i M 

.Hiriiinli SI' 

jIVuKnia Mv 

RllSKJ.l S h 

.Swi*d«'M N b 

!S{iain li V 

,(>n-riil.-ind .... II a 

Sludan M <; 

Mafr.idoK.-i .... P h 
NVwS.Wali*. VI 

Soiitlaiid I* c 

llriL .\rn»rifa . <i h 
jAustrahsia .... W i 
!.\ii!<tra!j>i:i.. . . V i 

RiiK>ia O d 

jCa/trnilM' N j 

;.\lrica > J 

'Arabia O g 

I.Atrira Nj 

Arabia • P f 

Missouri R d 

[ihy nt* R nival. S p 



Ntniva '•^ I*. -fw^ kr. 

MuMfi ii 

Mt|-w;ra\i V .. , 

Mii«krd 

.\I'j'.k ( ).\ .... 
.^IllSl•llllly . . . . 
^(:i'«?'< luliiiii . . 

M'l^'-ir 

M»i>-y 

.MiiJttai'tji wan . 

Mi|h|:i\ J;4 .... 
MiIhIim)!!;;' .... 

MuTr.i 

.Miitlra 

^(lltllkano.. . . 
Mn/iiiiba .... 
Mii/iiiibas .. . . 

.M> and I mi; . . . 
Mv:rjr,-j,i.!,.. , . 

.*! VTil ■.....•. 

Mvriik 

Mysnl 

.Mys«iri' 

^lys^lrl' 

MyjM»ry 

Mv Win ilia .... 



Nabajna 

Nabajiia 

.Nubaiiiax .... 

■ ^ il If 1 ■■■■■•■ 

Xachii k 

.N'aclili-:;al. . . . 
.N'aciiiiicnto . . 

.Vackil M) 

.V.jrii;;d.iclK'.s . 
.\ai]jM:iit>n . . . 
N.tiic^'clida . . . 
.N.idi^hda .... 
.N.iiliniii.i .... 

^iijfrl 

.N.i^crciiil .... 

.\ liriija 

.\:i:;iir«' 

Najijiiip" 

.N'at^y lUuia.. 
.Vuhiii'v 

■^■illl ■- ■■■■ •■ 
«^ illfl ■■ ■■ ••■• 

.\akn«ii.«ukIok 
Nak<tbivjii • ■ . 
Nalui-s 

.N.ilyin 

.Niiiviiwk'ii T. 

NinMi}iia, (■n-'it I.d. 
Naiiirifjiia, I.ittlc F.d. 

Naiiibii T. 

Naiiibii ('. 

Naiiioli I. 

.N'aiiiriN) .T. 

.V.iiniir T. 

.N.I 111 II rick .!«. 



. I .**^ I 

I'. 

1. 

I'v. 

L'. 

\U\ 

(■.' 

■V. 

L. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

r. 

R. 

Tr. 

T. 

I. 

T. 

r. 
I. 

Pr. 

r. 

I. 

I. 

I 

T. 

R. 

Tr. 

T. 

C. 

I. 

T. 

T. 

<'>•• 
T. 

ILiv 

.<tr. 

r. 

I. 

r. 

T. 
T. 

w 

T. 



^«ih-«i. 



I 



Rrt 



S.iiiii,in .M h 

PoIiiM »ia V h 

IV/mi Pc 

lint, .\iiirrica . H b 

Arabia P f 

\rabi I V f 

Knriii- N!.4iii!>.\V d 

Atiira .\l r 

Drit. .Aiiii-iK-a . (• c 
Rue lilts Avrrs . II k 

Tabid ...'. ;U I' 

.\rabia iP f 

lliiidiNintan . . . R f' 
.\^latl<' Rii*i>iu. We 
.M(iZaiiibi(|iio . . () j 

.Vtrira 'O j 

Ririnah S }; 

KiriN* iNlaiidic . |j b 
.Vxiulii* Turkfv .\' e 

Atrira K ^ 

Malay hia I' i 

IliiiiiiiDHtaii ... R g 
lliiidiiii^lan ... R i;; 
Aii.otralaMa .... V i 

Pulyiiiiiia \ j 

I 

Ml \ii'n f-« I* 

.Mexii'o K r 

.Mi.'\i('o K c 

Tuiii.<4 Mr 

■Libradnr lie 

liMJiaii Orcaii .. P rn 

(bill rii 

PlT^ia 



Pf 

I'l \:iS K <: 

;M.iMti biM>ri.L . ..L' d 
Maiili liiMTta . .' V c 
Kiirili' lf«l.iiid<i. W d 

R.irb..ry 'M l- 

RlI«^i.i (.) b 

l|illl|i:L<!>tall . . . R 11 

Ja|iiii ,\' c 

IliiidiMi.Hlari . . . .Q t* 
IliiiiiiMKitaii . . ..R f 
.\ii>tria '.N d 

R. Ilrit. A;iii'ri(-a . I) b j 

T. IVr.ia iPu 

Sta ■ » ' 

f. 

T. 

Tr. 

R. 



I.abraclor Ji c 

I.abradfir 'II c 

.Asi.ilir Riis>ia. jP c 

Si-iif:;ainbia ... T. £f 

A-i.ili'- Riis>ia.'Q b 

\.<i iti<' Ru^^ia. U b 

.Xfrira 

.Vtriri 



.\k 
.N'k 
Vo 
Vd 

j( 'liiiia T f 

-Utile Thibet.. Re 

Itcl^iuin .Me 

I Polynesia |X b 



■J.i|iau 

IJaiKiu 



C'ONSUL'i'INU INUEX. 



- I 



.:ri„.; 



N.wy'''.'!'::; 

X4iid<-re.... 
\un|>iii<ukt • ■ 
Niiijidar . ■ ■ ■ 
Nui-kniig ■ ■ ■ 
Naii-kiaii^ .. 

Naiikiii 

iikiiiir .... 
NaiMiiii:; . .. 

o Ikluutlo . 
Naiitzyii .... 
Niiu-lcliaiig . 

.Vauh-a 

N'kiitutliGt . . 
Naa-faii; ... 
\4ii-f iMi;; . . . 

.Vvniu Kjii|>oc 
Ni|>.ikiiui^ . ■ 
Nainiiiac ■ • ■ 

Xiqnoliixli.. . 

N'diiliU 

N«l-l-> 

.NVijiU 

Nil" 

X.i|i.Ji 

Nnrb.iTiiiv'Ii'ii . 
y^I^ L- . 



. I'r. Itcuj^ui'la . , 
. 1.. Tartary . . . 



Ni(i>i<L.<! . . 

Tf ■ XalividikJ..., 

.'.Mil iN.itki 

.'Kg N'aluvar 

.11.' c Natiinlislc .. . 

.|V c I NaiuiuliKtu .. 

rri" Naiisa 

[T e Navarul .... 

.|[j d Xavoiitio.... 

.To . \avaiuKi.. ■■ 

.'Vi Xavh*.!!!!! 

di: I NavltplurH' .. 

. T f NaviliwlaTuo . 

'F. d Ni.v»i»..... 

11 d . Navy Duanl . 

.iTc .Viuw 

.iTf ..Niviitirila... 

.'ire ' NHjMiul 

. II L- : Naun.-! 

ji; f : Nauhtli.... 

, IT K , NaiartU).. .. 

. Ilir ' .Vazarftli.... 

,l;b Nu« 

'.M d ' slcM .".'.'.'. 
M 



Hi 



; Nft 



.\T, '.\nialk' Kiiiwia. 



. . . Ni'dviluniltch 

.Ki SvdkTju.... 

Mi Xul-i-d.... 

..Vj NWl 

l.Sif N.-.-iIk-* 

. .T j ■ NLi-dn-ditKi . 

. . 1' J I NllUllHW. . . 

,.X.: NLVi.i-.,,, ... 

..'If r N™i.i.,m... 

d lo N"(.M|al...n.. 

..■St NcgWKi... 

. a. .Nvii" 

.Mb X^ril 

, r k ' Nc^rillii .... 

. U o Nrtfu 

Qa NVgn 

Ni£(iiad 



;:Hk 



.T. 'llraj-il 

■Pu Miaico 

.;Tr. 'ManU'lnwiu . 

.T. S«-tiJdi 

.iC. New llolLuid. 
.'.ML Svv ll<.lL>nd. 
..T. '.V4iiiic Turki- 
. T. Ilindfiouan . .' 



T. VViM 



.'Nr 



'I. \V(»t IwIUai... 

.X Spun 

. jla. IViljiiei'ia |.A j 

. I. I'tdyiiciiu 'X J 

.Tr. iWu "■■- 

BtlL Aintr: 



. I. lAicfaipcLtL'o . 

.!T. 'Mciico.T:,. 

.l-r. :Kiu.i.i 

.T. :Brazil 

.T. Brazil 

.R. Africa 

.'ilk. hidbiiUnu 



. :.V t 



Pr. Arala* 

Kk. .Aiwlruluia . 

'I. SiiutlicrD derail 1. 1 

H. Huwia '• ■ 

. .:!'. Il'anfriia; 

. .'Bjy Bril. AiiK'rira .. 
. .'llik llriL Anwrii-a .' 
. . ('. Iliiiduoiihiii . 

..:T. IVylun 

..Il'k. ..MiMoutiTur, 

..k-. Itiriiiah 

..T. fliUi 

. . Vu Jauiaira.... 



.. I. 

..in. r 

..It. It 

..1. A 

..1. V 

..It. u 



■URUiy . 



(T).\SL1.TIN(; IMIEX. 



Skflin i n*n« he. i .am. 

!N • ' 'k IV I . 

.N-. jiUJll • l»-. 

. . . U.' 

. . . U. 

■ • • !<■ 

r 



l^•, 



u.. 



>ui.-« I 1 .A.*", 4 



I I 



l^«tb.J. 



Rrf. 

Lik. 



...,K. 
. . . I{. 

T 

■ ■ ■ A ■ 

. . . T. 



l*i-iW:i .-l.l . . . . \ J 

iiiriii Hi^t.iii . . . u r 

lint. Aiiii-ric.i . 11 r 

A-iutii- Kn-^ia. T .1 

I }i{i(r C.iiiada . <■ (1 

liniiA II 1 

A«i ilir Kii*K(.i . V It 

lliiiilu<i?>t:iii . . . U t* 

l{ii>Ma ( > c 



I.L 



Tv 

A>i.ilii* ltii««i.i. \'V 1" 
A'«i.ttii' Kiis>ii. \ b 
Ai^iiitii- Ku^id. 'I' <■ 
A-iatii' Kii!»«i.i. T «' 
A>i.i'ir liiis'>-i.i. T I* 
A<»iatf- UiKoia. V \t 

SttTwny N li 

IJii'.-ii N :i 

Mt»^'»iiri Ti r. . V v 
Kll«>^i.l N r 

Niiflh Can lima ,<• v 

\u»lMa N <i 

liii-»ii N tr 

Frail''!' W <l 



Ni i'lJij- .». . . 
.N« j>ii.;(i . . . 
\ i'i»*iii^ .. 

N' ri 

>• ;' ii'l.Jx'i . 

%■ ."t 'r.\'.\x . . 

N- .-I T. Kiii^j 

■^1 'I'l •••••••• ■ii, 

N . r|iitf !iii' It, 

S- i(f-riiii^k |i*r. 

.N rli-liiiiHii 'V. 

S- rfi*:i>ii*>kiji . . . T. 
.V rv..-ki 'I*. 

«^ I ^f A ■■■■• ■■■ £• 

.\i hM tiv T. 

.>• ^ii-\t :ijitg^ . . • ■!». 
. » ■ * • •/••••■■••• I. 

.\.l-t: U. 

N. li^jdl r. 

.>. \* r^ I V. 

N't Mi'b iiiiy lirit. AiiMTitM . F {i 

Nf \i4 I. Wt-itt Iiuiir>. . • II j: 

.\f-->v 1. l*i>Iyiii'M:t ..... I ]* 

Niw .\l!«any . . . T. Iiuli.iii.-i <* r 

N< w Aiii'ttrril Kii T. (•'liiitiia I< li 

.Nrw Ar''Juiii;i'l . .•**.i. Nurtli .\iiii-rii a <' c 

.N* wark Cv. I '{■I"''' ^'ii>i:>'l-i • '' (i 

.\i uark I. Litir.iii.ir II r 

\i w lijbilo .... 'I. N. I*.ii itii" i >•'. . I- (f 

N' win rn T. N-irth ('.-in.liii:i <■ i* 

.N'--.v li<v>toii .... T. Illiiiui.-i F tl 

\' M' Hritaiii. ... I. \iis(ral.'iM;i .... W i 
.Nt-w [{riiTiouick Cty. Nurtli Aim ri<M II (i 
Nt'W |{rii:i'>M ick lli>. itrit. Aim ri<'a . <■' «i 
N\ Mburyi^irt . . . T. N. II-iiii|is|iir«' . II <! 

N« v% Cifvn*)! . . .|T. LiiZiiii I' IS 

S*.w <*aKdiiiiia .jc'ty.'. North Aiiit-rii-u U c. 
Nrw C'dlt'iJuiiia .1. Auttr:J.-i»>ia . . . X k 

Nt-w l*a!«tl«' T. ..N. Kriiii»-uii-k . II «i 

Ni'W (*a»tlr [T. IN«'w ."^. W.iliH . !\V I 

Ni-^riNtli* T. jKii:;I.iiui L «• 

N\w CoiriibriA .. . T. Itr;i/il -I j 

I I 

Ni w Cornwall . .<*tv.'nril. Aini'rici . 1> r 

I • _P 

Nf-MT I>i>roTL-ry .'!. Polym i^'ia A j 

N»'\*' I^niijrula .. . 'Cy. iNiibu * ' j; 

Nrw hU:li(iU. - . . JT. ^imrijia <■ u 

N( nt'aiiiillaiid . .'I. Nurlii .\(iii ric.i I d 
Ni w:i-<indland . . lik. [Ni-wliniiidlaiu]. I <1 
N<-w- FVii'ilaiid. .'I)i!». ■S|iit>U-r);iii ... .N .-i 

New Cvix>r);iu . . Col. liilM'ri.'i L li 

Ni w (•iijr^i.i . . . .If. Aii<»triila!«i.i .... W i 
Nri«- <irf'uada.. .lif'j* •'viiitli .VimTii-a II li 
N'-w (tiilnca .. . . I. |.\ii'>-tMla>ia.. . . V i 
NfW II;>m|Mhiic jSt. riiitrd Stiti's. .11 d 
New Ilamivcr . . 'C'ty. * In ■;»« mi Trr. . . 1 1> r 
Niw llanoviT . .1. |.\)islrfiI:iHi.i . . .;\V i 
Nt-w llavcn .... Cy. |('omii< riiciit .. .,1! d 



N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
X 
N 
N 



N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 
N 



w III brii!< N . . '!«. A)»tr;ili!<!u .. . . X j 
^v ll'-rulnil . . .'^la. («rt'i ii!aiid ... .1 b 

w ir>ll.in.l .. . ri\ . \ii-tr.ili.i r k 

M Miil-:iiii!iiir)i ( 'ly. Hril. .\mi' ruM . Fb 
w lr<Iaiid ... I. .\'i>:i>il.t*i''i .. . ..W i 
'•V Jl. tM V .... •'^t- I ■•><« ^1 .'"'t.itt .4 .. II d 

w Latla'ku*) . . 'V. Afrii-a '.N a 

w Ia uii St. Ml \n •• F t* 

\v Mur.io .... T. 'i'uiHlujn 'T f 

w .M. id rid . . . T. Mi!«MMwi *i c 

\viii.iii-«\i!I«' . . T. Florida CJ f 

w .Mi'xii n.. . . Tir. .Mixito IF c 

vv N iiiliii ki 1. I. lylyiMsi.i IA-*i 

v\iili.ini i\ Ni»rl}i .Aimrica;!! c 

w NitrtMk . . . <"!y. Ill it. Aiiirririi .'D c 
'\% NiifJli Wuli>'*"iy. Ilril. Aiiiirir.i .'F b 

w ( )r.iii T. HiK'iH* A\ni( . II k 

, w i Mi-aiiH . . . < "y. lHiiiiHi.iii.i F r 

•\i|N>rt <*y. liliinlc Ulaiid. .'Ild^ 

w rrti\idiiii.'i' I. naliainan K« f 

Iri laiiii li c 

M.xiro 'Ff 

(■ii.it' mala ....<• K 

l.ll/nll l* 7 

.\si:ttir I*ii.<i>i:i.'P d 
A>iiiiK' Rti>>iu.'V a 
Florida <■ 1* 



•wrv 



T. 

w SiiitaiiiltT . I* 

M' N ^n\M . . . I • 
w« ■ T 

w JN mn l.l , . . I ■ 

W .'**illllll.lC-}liL' '!'• 

w SilK-iiii. . . . I. 
w Smyrna . . . '1*. 
>\% Suiitii(iro(-ii- 






lo 



Uiiiil ( 'ty. ."^iiitlH rn i >rran 

■w SiulliWiilr^riy. Ilrit. Ann rir.l . Fr 

u .*^iiitli\V.ilr-.('t'v. .\ii>lr;ilia V k 

wT.li^rki:k.t'y. Ku--i.i <>d 

•w Wurk .... 1. Ni w'i^iindlaiid. Id 

■w Vi ar I. Aus-tral-ihia .. . .T J 

. w Vi-.ir's liar Statin Uluitd ..'II n 

w ViiirV I. rat.ij:tiiiia II n 

w Vorii St. riiili cl Slatcii. . '<i d 

IV Voik Cy. .N« w Vnrk .... 11 d 

■yiKir T. Ili;id"*,'.taii . . . _K h 

\\A T. Nrw tip iiada . 11 li 

/.jurn'H Ft. < >n-;:iin T« r.. . . hi d 

■/|nri-i s Tr. On •."•n TiT.. . . K d 

Nu'-iid'-iiij * y. Cliiiii 'To 

NliJi.tri.in;: T. i '••« Lin 1 "Iiina . 'T (f 

Ni.i':»ir:i I'alN I"(i|'*''' *"au::d;i . ti d 

Niis <'. lirit. .\iiirrira .11 b 

.Ni<arai:ii.i . . . . ;Sl. (Jjiati iiiul.i .. . .'<i p 

.NiiMra-iia T. <Miati iii.ili '<• j; 

.Nirarn^'iia I.. <iu.iti mala .... (• j? 

Nmt T. ."^-irdiiiia ...... .M d 

Nii-liolaii Fir^l . .i\ lirit. .\iiiL-rica . F ii 

NI^■l:oI''l^^'^ Sji. PiilyiH-sia A k 

Nirkol liay Niw IF* ll.ind .. T k 

Ni'iiKar I-*.' liay of Ii* njal . S U 

Nin.UkiK- T. AMati'- Kii-Ma. R c 

Niiiijii.l T. Turhiy N d 

Ni(.'u>ia 'j '. ( \|ii us I< > c 

Nicoti ra T. .Napl* •• !N o 

Nirov.i ('. ^Iiritniiala '<S h 

Nii'jfin T. |Ku»i.i O c 

Niinvivtlds |H^'n <:ijii- Colony . .|X i 



K 



74 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Nuuet f't V\M«% he. 



CLus. 



r^iima. 



Ii 



T. 
R. 



Xitrtiu jT. jFtilxTia 

Jiipan 

Airica 

Tun ]uin 

S4iiith«rn Ocean 

vinc'ii ■••••■•• 

S.iiid\viLh Im.. . 



I 



Mif.'iii::'!!! 

Asiatic* Kussia. 

_ «Nlil ■••••■■•• 



Nif;ata 

N'tfiT. 

Nial>li»K'*^*^ ...jl. 
Niirliti^eT'^^*^ ... ..I. 

N»i;ritia Cty- 

Niihuu I. 

Nijiiras Tr. Mrxit o 

NiKitiii.Hkaia. . . . T. Asiiitic Kiiithia. 

Nikithk T. Kuiisi:! 

Nikolacv T. Russia 

Nilolacvska .. . .\'l\ ^Asiatic Russia. 

Niiiulsk. .....•• T. Russia 

Nikulskaya T. AMalie Russia. 

Nila (• Malaysia 

Nih; .R. Africa 

^ liCM •••...••.•I* 

Nildinski T. 

Nillanclous Alol-'. 

Ion !• 

Niliuat Ij*. \i)rct;*tn Tit.. . . 

Niuiaii T. lAI^iiitchrMiria . . 

Nini!r«iut.i T. 'Al.-iiilciiofiria . . 

Niiiatcc R. Itirnmh 

Nine Di'^reu . . . (.'Ii. Ahia 

^111^ ^y* 

Nini^liai-wii. . . • T. ■Mnrijrnlia 

Ninjrrj T. 'D.ilii)iiii-y 

Nin;7-|io Cy. C'liin:i 

Niiijciiicaii I. Asiatic IkU*«.sia. 

Niiiiia R. MantclirHiria . . 

Ni|iarU)iik liay BriL Aincrira . 

Ni|).iKh('«* Ij. Itril. Auiorica . 

Nipiioii I. 

Nirii; I. 

NiMha|Kiri' 'i*. 

\i-j|un'y Villuislj T. 

Nii^iU'i-ii T. 

Ni'«ni< *< I'v. FraiK'L' 

Nisiirdwitzk .... 'I . Rus>i.i 

. IsMI I . 

.NiMsa T. 

Niti'hi-^iiiiii .... !<. 

.^IIZI ■.•••>••••' « 

Niui-liiitAk 'I'. 

.Sink Fi. 

Niiiini-ii R. 

Nixoii I '. 

Niicili.K] T. 

Ni/.ap'itaiii T. 

.N'i/ii«-i Niiv:!'"- 

t.kJ •.•:«. Pr. Kii-Mi 

.\i/n» I \iiv:»'ii...i T. I»'i<.«.it 



Krf. 

■Mir 



Japan 

I'olynrsia 

IVrsia 

\<.i.iti4: Ru-i: j.i. 
A>i»lir 'J'urkrv 



'r.irlary 

I uriii y 

Writ. Aiii< ri>:a . 

J.ipni . 

RiiN^ia 

ikU<-i'i . 

Maiiti liiMiria . . 
IV'it.i'^i'iii 1 . . ■ 
AnI iiir RiKvit. 

lliiH'i»<i>t.in . . . 



\-iii;ii.*ilJ 

N • 1 1 1 1 ^ 

\ii.ii'i\ . . . . 

N.-l 

Nn^ It 

N'tjii II 

\..ir 

.Nll'.l I • * 4 ... 



T. IIjrii!'»..«.f in . . . 

I. \ii<.!r.il i-i I . . 

J-. \1i.li-. - r.. . 

!•». II jv !•:' Ifc ii:::il. 

Ii. \- I .'i- kit".'! : . 

i\ \ .;».. i:.:-:.. 

f. I', :.•■.... I 

r. \ . t.. K :,. 



n 

M 

nr 

Qc 
(»d 
Qc 
Pc 
!P<] 
Hi 
Of 

(;d 

Qb 

Qli 

I)d 

V d 
Ud 
.Sf 

Qh 

r 

Tc 
Mh 
Uf 
Vc 
I'c 
lie 
Vh 
Vc 

x.i 

Pi- 
I' U 
Or 
M tl 
<» c 
Pc 
Nd 
If r 

r c 

Oh 
Oil 

V c 
If 111 
Pd 

«;: 

O c 
O .> 
\l f 

V i 

ok 

S ■' 

\ c 

III! 



NiBin vi llacM, 



*c. iC'Iw. 



I 



Noki<siina I. 

NolinRk T. 

NtiMibrc dc Diuk T. 

.\ouiou T. 

Noiicowry Is. 

Nonorjev T. 

«^ (Kill ••■••••■•• A* 

NiHin (\ 

N(M)sa naroii ... I. 

NrKinliky 'T. 

Niwtka S<3. 

Nordlnnd Div 

Nordmuling . . . . T. 

Nordvik C*. 

Norfolk Cy. 

Norfolk I. 

Norfiitk I. 

N.irfolk So. 

N*'rfnlk. ....... .Mt. 

Norija T. 

Norkopiiiij ... . T. 
Xfirksdlik T. 

Norma II Ft. 

N'l* 
oro .......... A. 

Noro R. 

Nnrojjaiiic T. 

Norriaiid Div 

Nor>io 'i . 

North C. 

North '('. 

North (*. 

JNtirth .•.•.*•••(. 

North i\ 

North (*. 

North I. 

North I. 

N"rt)i I. 

N'lirtli I. 

North i. 

North Sea 

North R. 

N<<rtli K. 

North ^ h. 

Virih Riv 

m 

.North Ray 

\ .nil Pt.' 

.Noff ii HI. 

.\ori!i I*k. 

N'lirth • k. 

N.irth Kk 

Ni>rfh:iin I • 

N'lrtli Arraii .... Is. 

\<irfh flraiii-h • . R. 
N-.rth Itr.-iiH h . . R. 
N-ir!h i '.ijH' ... t*. 
\«i.»lh ('.i:h' . . . C '. 
N..rl!i t'.ij»- Dil. 
i; id.i . . ..... t ' 

\..rl'i t'.tr-.liiia. . Sf. 
N..r!li II. iiiM . . . t Mv. 
N'-r!li I'. I"! .. . . I.d. 



L*-!. 



'Ja{ian V r 

RuMNia P c 

Mexico F f 

•Africa L g 

I Ray of Bengal. S n 

Rustsia N c 

Sum Tp 

Suiic 1st' 

Java T i 

Rcloochistan » ..Q i^ 
Oregon Tcr.... ID d 

• Norway N b 

iSwcdcn N b 

-AHiatic Rusjiia.iT a 

irgrinia ,i« c 

. Australasia... . X k 
'(■altapagoH .... F i 
North America C' c 
V. DicnicnV Ld. V m 

Russia !P b 

Sweden !N c 

(Greenland ... .'I b 
Rrit. America .'D b 
Mantchooria . . U d 
'.Mantchooria . . V d 

.Mcxic^i K f 

. .**wi'drn N b 

Swtdc'ii ,N b 

Nlo of Cicorgia J n 

Ii-4 land Kb 

Norway 'N a 

Asiatic RuMia. A b 

Rra7d I h 

N. S. Cin^'nland I o 
.< Jnijon Tcr. . . D c 
.Indian Ocean .. O i 

.Malavxi.i SS j 

'.Malavsia I* f 



iPoU'iK-hia. 
I*airo|N. 



Vf 
Mc 



iltrit. America . ii c 
!A>iatic RuftMa.'l* b 

r.uro|ir I« c 

Rrit. America .'II b 

.*N-;»|iJilii n V c 

i >r» j;on T'-r. ... I) c 

.Rrit. .\iiifrica . II b 

Missouri Tir. • F e 

M issiitiri K d 

t >rix"» Tcr. . . I' d 
j.NVw llullanH.. TI 

'In l:iTid I. c 

M'it. America . D c 
,Mrit. .Amrrira . K c 
jNtw /i-.il.iiiii. , X I 

jN. Cali-d'iloA . . W k 



Vj.in 



I'c 



I'liititl Sl:iti.» .. ii c 
Itril. .Vii.t ri» j . O d 
.<j.if.!i- r^•^ n . . . N a 






rONSULTING INDKX. 



!«■ 



I I 



P«tl««. 



Mrit. Aiiu-rii'a . 

St'ijtl nil] 

.\fw S. WaK-.s . 
AiitlriiiiiMii ... . 
I.^ir of Franco. 

Atrira 

Nt'w Iliilland. . 
.Nnrtli Amcrir.i 



North Flast V%y Greenland . . . . 

Niirtlirrn Trian- 

l*W 1. ^ariltla'an Sra. 

N'irili Fun Un«l .1'. K. <;rcirpi'*H Sil. 
\iirlh (•i*iir);ia .. CHy. liril. Aim rica . 
Nortel Cflrctiil.tiMi Cly. tinx'iilaiid . . . . 

North Kyii C Nnrw.iy 

Nortiiliii^ d J*. ISrit. .Xiiicrica . 

Nitrth N.ituiiU!!.. I. ^Ialay^iil 

.North MiddlrM'X l*tv. Itrit. Aininca . 

NortJi MiMintaiii Cr. MthMjiiri 

North IVtyiu.. . . Tr. ratacmiu 

North RoiiuGfiiz . I. I:i(li.iii < )ci>aTi .. 
North Slioal .... I. < ' iriMicaii Sea . 
North SinifrBit . ( 'ty. Krit. AiiH'rici . 
N'trtli Thames. . IL 
.North ViA ..... 1. 
Niirthuiiihcrland (^ 
Northuiiilii'rlaiid I. 
N4»rth Wont .... Ta 
North WfKt . . . . Tu 

North We»t i\ 

Norton Sa 

Norway <*ty. Kiiropt.* 

N(vway Du. Dril. .Ainrrin . 

Ncvwich Cy. Kiii:land 

No»o i\ Kiry|rt 

No* l«abou ..... .MtP. .\rabia 

Noflovfir? T. .Vsiiatii" K UHsia • 

NcMwa Scnhom de 

Porto i*al«*o . . T. 
Nuwa Senborm ■ 

Dcntrrro T. 

Noma Scnhora 

do RiMiario . . . T. 

Not I^ 

N'jichrk Ba? Aniatii* Kii»!<ia. 

w 

Notinghaiu I. Hnl. .Viiutilm . 

.Nolo T. Japan 

SiAo C Japan 

NuCjv Dame.... Biy .NcwIinindLind. 

NoCway R. lirit. .Anu'rira . 

N'Niba Di«. Nuhii 

Nuubouconbi^h . R. ..\.<iiatic Rnxicia. 

.Nouk I. 

Noukan Vil. 

Noaincn iK. 

N KMXT9CH ......••' R. 



rr 

I o 

Kd 

*Va 
Kb 

: r h 

'Fd 
Kd 

II Ml 

I'i 

'(;? 

Fd 
Fa 
I.c 
Vl 
Wk 

l»k 

Mj 
Tk 
flh 
M b 
Fc 
Mr 
i'M- 

\i b 



Urazil . 

Ilrazii . 

I 

Brazil . 



Nouraoak 

Nura da Madrc 
dePm 



If. 



(.■nrnlnnd . . . . 
.■\xiatir Kii^mu. 
Manti.'hoori.'i . . 
.siTi^a ■....••• 
(■rif.'niand . . . . 



Nora IVreonya .IT. Axiatic Russia. 



T. IJrazd 
rreonya . IT. 

.Nova R<.*donda ..'Ft !{4'nciii-ta 

Not a Scotia .... Cty. North Aini:rii-i 

Nnvaya I^dofro. T. Rij:«)tia 

Nova Zcmbla. . .!l. 'Arrti'" <lccan. . 

Not. Uirliza . . . . T. Russia 

Norjforiid . . .16. Pr. Rnsiia 

NriTi Biiir ,T. Tiirki y 

N'lr l«c;icl T. RiMnia 

Nuvxct^koic . . .{T. j.Aitiatir Kiii^r^ia. 



Ji 

>Ik 

I 

!|k 
Ob 
Xb 
C b 
Ve 
Vc 
Id 
(. c 
Of 
Ta 
J b 
\b 
Id 

J b 
I h 

Mj 

lid 
Ob 
Pa 
O V 
O c 
Nd 
«Nc 
Sc 



naotM ul F.trf. »•-. L .a 



N<iVn«]\i|l.H)i . . . . 

NitVi'^rudii7i .... 
Nmn KhcjuTsk . 

NiiVOMltrlkuVsk. • 

Nii\.i Trijki .... 
.NfiViit/miPikiii. 

toiii-v^kni .... 
Nuv. Voiliynskoi 
.Viiw-rfiow ... . 

.Niiwn:5r««<l 

Nny a kana 

.Noyrti 

Null) 1 

NulMun 

Nulirnnab.id . . . 

.Niliskoi 

Niikahivah 

Niikli/.ia 

.Niiii-liai 

NuaiL'/ 

.Niinrrsoi 

Nunnivark 

Nur.i 

NiirniilMirt; .... 

Niiniiii 

Niittlitnrlic . . . . 
Niiw«-c liiindi-r.. 

Niiyt*8.. 

Nii\!'s 

.Nllvt'H 

.N\.inii / 

Nybniid.Ki 

Nv Cnrli-by . . . . 

-N vth- 

Nykii{un(r 

.V\]aii() 

NyMi|i|is 

N \ ons 

O.ibu 

Oak 

( >anna 

' 'aX'i^a ........ 

( >ax:i("i 

OlKJiTskdi 



I^silioa. 



r. 
r. 

T. 
T. 
T. 

T. 
T. 

T. 

r. 
r. 

i Iv. 

IX'^ 

T. 

T. 

1. 

R. 

t'. 

K. 

R. 

I. 

I. 

R. 

Vv. 

■I'. 

Bay 

T. 

Arc. 

I.d. 

r. 

T. 

T. 

Diji. 

T. 

Pr. 

Pt. 

r. 
I. 

R. 
I. 



It) 



RrL 



RuH>ia Ob 

Rii<^ia \ L 

Rii>;iia O c 

Rii^^i 1 !0 d 

Rii><-ii 'N c 

Asiitir Rti«..i:i. T «• 

Rll>^la N c 

C-hina Tf 

RuMiia No 

.Asiulic Ku«si.i. W b 

I'lin-:! I' d 

Afrira Of 

Niibi.i Of 

PiTsi.i P f 

A!«i»ti<' Riit*>i;i. T b 

Piilyiii-siu .(' i 

\hiatii> Russia. I* c 
Asiatic Rii«sij. A' c 
Si-nr(riiMibia ... Is ff 

Afrii-i ;M h 

(■rci iiland .... I b 
North Anif-rira -V b 

Tartiiry U c 

Bavaria M d 

RiH>ia 'N b 

l.nbr:idor He 

Hindi If tstaii . ■ . Q f 
Aii>tr.il.i!«iii .... I' 1 
.\i-A- IIi.li.Khi.. 1 1 
Austnilnsi.i ... r 1 

Tiirk.-y |Nd 

Pcrcia P v 

RiiM.«ii N b 

.Siiudan M h 

Swi'dcn .N c 

Rn.«*iia N b 

Piitiicfiinia .... fl m 
France M d 



St. 
Cv. 

< y 

" "iR ■■■■■•■••■■ l\ B 



■ ■ • ■ • 



OUniha 
OUiino . . 
O'Rrirn's 

O^Mkaya 

i JbMTvitorv . . . . 

Obva .' 

Oiivin<k 

V 'O V ■■■■ •••■••• 

Ori 

( )cana 

( )ri>nii 

( iCi anskic 

< )i'lint-> « 



L. 
P. 
I. 

17. 
In. 
\L 
T. 
1. 
JR. 

!'r. 
1. 

!«. 
Pr. 



Sandwich !■«... 
Brit, .\inrrii-a . 

1 'illy ni via 

.Mt'zii'o 

.Mriiro 

S<'(itldnti 

.\si.itir Russia. 
.V>iatii* Rus>ia. 

Bohvi.i 

.-XfiiatK* RntNia. 
South Shetland 
Asiatic Russia. 
Brit. America . 

Russia 

Ri:st!ia 

.M.iliiV'«ia ... . 
Brazil 



Bf 
Fc 

Li- 
Q, b 

Ra 

I o 
Hh 
l»c 
Pc 
Pc 

II h 

Ptilvnr*«ia ;X i 






Mcxicn, 



Nuva Zcmbla .. 
Asiatic Rusnia. 



\Vb 






Bii 






SIS 



76 



CONSULTIMG INDEX. 



Nib.. 1 N llin-i, kc. K. Uhl 



Ocliotsk . . . 
l)cliotsk . . . 

OcliUi 

(Icrai'Dck . . 
Ocroiii • . • • 
Oilaili 

Olifll! 

Oddv 

( )tic!<:<a .... 
(Mi'viiorc . . 

(Mja 

Otiuli 

Odowuri . . . 
Oi-dciibiir!^ . 
(K-i.cliuw . . 

Otiras 

(Kiras 

(Mand .... 

Ocno 

Owl 

( >fi iden .... 
0^.i|Kick .. . 
OuiIi'iTh . . . 

Ot^ii.io 

Ohia 

Oiiio 

Oliio 

Oliila 



Oitiiiii 

Oit.'iiii:i . . . . 

Oitz 

Oyui. 

Ojfij^tiiiia .. . 

IIKil ••«••■• 

nkh.insk ■ . . 

uki 

(.)kin.i^-iii . . 
<)kiii:ii;.iii • . 
Okiiiriirmi . . 
OkiiiNl.ui .. 
Okkuk . . . . 
nkkak .... 
Okkiik.'iiii . . 
(>kl:idiiikovii 
Okii*i:iki . . . 

Okiifir 

r»kol:j 

< >kiil 

I 9\iX •■•••■• 

( )! (Ill li<- . . . 

I »M 

oM 

(»:.! It :.••!!. 1 
O..I V. 'I ■- . 
tr'il'i n.!i 
U!.| r.I.!.,.r 
(ll.j f ■ ... ■■ 

n;.| ri f._' !i 



;j 



L. 
•In. 

It. 
'r. 

T 
'V. 

I. 
r. 

yy- 

T. 

;cv. 

V'v 

t: 
I. 

ii- 

r. 

R. 
il»r 

v. 

I. 

■I: 

'St. 

L. 
'PL 

\i. 

'K. 
T. 
I. 

r.. 

iK. 
!lln. 

r. 

1. 

Sl;i. 
|{ay 
I.. 

r. 

I. 

U. 

T. 

•r. 

Ft. 

II... 
r. 

T'. 

n. 

T 



r>aili'ju. 



R'(. 
Lcla. 



■Ashilii: Kus^i.l.l^yc 
'Asiatic Ku.'«^iil. W c 

■Kiit(»ii.i Ob 

.Voriii Ciriiliiia << <; 

.Mr.tii''i I< i 

'.Vr.ibi.'i O c 

Ic^l.iiid Kb 

ILnin .M Ii 

Kiissi.i O d 

;IIiiid<xistaii . . . U f 

I'dlyni-^ia . . . . \ ii 

'.MaiiU'liooria . . L' d 

Jii|i:iii V u 

Aii>tria N d 

Ciiiiiii T L* 

liruzil J i 

'Hruzil ,1 i 

'IJ-ihic .'^'•a . . . .'N r- 

'l*o1yni:.-ia I) k 

IfliUiK Sa .... N c 

i.N'orway 'N b 

(riiiana I b 

Ai'rica M k 

Ni'W York ....'(id 
IN.lvin >ia .A j 

* ■ I 

INiIyir. *>iu A a 

l*olyii''s'irt y } 

riiilfd St.itL'K. . <.' d 
|(.'niU'd StutiM. .!(i ('. 

Alrira M j 

'Asiutii- ](iis.»ia. l' b 

J ifKill 

J.i{i.iii .. . 

Ja|Kiii ... . ly o 

-Aiiialic Kiiyoiii.'W *■ 
A.*«i<iti(* Uu.s>i.t. !'. . 

Iiii»i.i I* r 

Jap.Mi (* t: 

OrfL'"ij Ti r. . . 10 r 
Orcjruii 'IVr. .. . l'\ d 
Or«'i;«iii Tor. .. .'!) d 
lAMiatic KtHMa. S c 

I Labrador II c 

Labrador II c 

liril. .\iii< ric.'i .lie 

Utjxsi.i I* b 

Jap HI V c 

Jjp.iii V d 

\oiatii- iiix-Mi . V (' 

r.ibil Ii I- 

\i'ii«* I N b 

I iual* in.il I . . . . <• d 
Mill. Arui rjr.i . I) d 
n.-it. Ai:i» ri" I 

II «i:'':> 1 1 . . . , 

'*-*li!.iTI 

I». liifH' i^ .... 
\!ri' .1 






|t:i . 



(;d 

Mi: 

M b 
*^ i 

M 



Nimn t'( PUrn, kc. . LUa. 

I 

I i )bi Vorio S*;;:uro 'I'. 
! ntdTiiiiiiii*kui..'T. 



OMTriiKiIi. .. 

( llciti 

OU-kiiiia 

Oli-kiniiiHk . . . 

( Hciii 

Oleiici 

Ok'iiui 

( llrnsk 

( llciii'k 

< )lcToii 

Ol;fO|ifd 



I Olikoi 

! ()iiflbaM*'ri. . . . 

i ()liiiiar:in .... 

, (liiiidi 

I Oliiniro 

(.Mivin 

ObiMitz 

( )luniatv 

Oloiu't/. 10 

< >Ioiif;T/. 

- Olou Kniiddiik 
()lr)ulf>-r(ivt«koi 

! ()lijuto.ri*VNk(ii 

I ( Mull Twiirjrbai 

■ ()Iu{? Vnlduz . 

ObilorHky .... 

j (.MviMfiol 

! (ilviiijMiM 

1 Oui 

* * JM ••■ ■■■■■ 

' Oiiia!:iia4 .... 
OiiiabaN 

- '.*rnUiy 

' Oiiib.iy 

(liiibiM 

' Oiiun.ii .... 
, Oimnak 

OiiH-rjNirt: .... 

( hnriiaiiiiry . . 

(IlllUil 

( liiiul'.f 

Oimli'ii 

( brn'liiy 

t )ll|(lll 

( hiioi) 

Oiii.'is.i 

< >iiH'ri::f^koi .. 

< iiii-k 

( bii^k.ir'.M ■ . . 
OiiiiiL wka . . . 

( Mia 

( hiiiiiL'i' 

( )ii(-^.i 

< birj^; 

njii';-.! 

i UlVl^A 

I >lll jr I 

I )iii-i:i< (1 

( > 



...l- 



I J. 
K. 

*<> 
K. 

X\ 

I. 

•T 

'u. 
u, 

T. 
I. 
R. 
I. 

% 

r. 

IT. 
T. 
Pr. 

:v. 

T. 

T. 

liiy 

K. 

T. 

V. 

T. 

.Ml 

R. 

T. 

T. 

1. 

Sir. 

I*. 

r. 

Dis. 
T. 
C. 
.T. 

r. 

R. 

R. 
Pr. 
Sea 
R. 

r. 
r. 

T. 
R. 

r. 

I. 

r. 

f. 

(.'. 

!-. 

R. 

Ri^ 
T.' 



IVwlwo. 

Rrazil 

AKJatic Ruvxia. 

.'J'rijHjIi 

MtHi^uIi I 

AKiJtii- RiiMiia. 
.-VKiatii: Kll^^ia. 
Ariatic Ru.'iKia. 
.-Vbialic Kuiic^ia. 

Rufvia 

'.-Vhiutic Kuflbia. 
:.\j#ialic RuKkia. 

■ France* 

Ruma 

Axiatic Rusisia. 
('apn Colony . . 

Polyncvia 

Brazil 

AM.itic Ilusnia. 
.\tiiaUc RuM>xa. 

Austria 

Mexico 

iRusiiia 

jRiiiiiii:! 

,Mon;;ulia 

'Ani-itic Ruiisia. 
Aniutic Rusoia. 

Tartary 

!Moii;;olia 

.. Asiatic Rufiiia. 

RuKsia 

i Iri'pon TtT. . . 
Asiatic Russia. 

Equadur 

.WfiiUrii Tcr. . 
'.Mnl.iyi>ia . . . . . 
Malay ^ia 

^Wl 

..\diutif RlI■^ia. 
(ifii'idand . . . . 
Hindi H.Mitan . . . 
Niirtli Aiiurica 
(■u.-itiMnala .. . . 
'Mantt'iifmria . . 
'A>iutii- Ruiutia. 
.\Niatii' Riiit»ia. 

.\rabia 

/%i^m • •■■■ ■«•• 
Aviatit* Ruiftia. 
.\*iiatio RuMkia. 
Asiatic RuMia. 
A^ia!ic RiiMia. 
\Maiu- Rukttia. 
.\-oi.itic RuMiia. 

Piilviii'«l.l 

ltii-'<ij 

Ru-M.i 

Ku^*>i.i 

Kll*>M 1 

Rii««i.i 

\wi.iiii' l!ii«Ma. 
Miiidi>ii>.taii • . • 



het 



Sc 

Mc 

Sd 

Tc 

I'b 

Ta 

lob 

Ta 
Ta 
Ld 
'N d 
IWt 

IV b 

'Ji 

iw b 

!xd 

Ef 
Ob 
«Ob 
|Td 

Xb 

kid 

Rd 

'Xb 

Od 

Dd 

Re 

Hi 

Fd 

Ii 

Xi 

|Of 

I' 
Rf 

:dc 

Wb 
la 
Vf 

Qf 
Vb 

Utt 

Qb 
Vb 
Tc 
Vr 
t)b 
t»b 
•O t» 

:ob 

<lb 
\b 



^f^a^tmm 



('o.\si:ltin<; !M»i:x. 



I I ' 



V.^-u- 

Ililll 111 

lum \i)l.iii 

)ii<i 

Inn ii!»i- 

'I'^lla ■■■■--■■ 

);ii»titii.v 

hirirc 

l'itjrii» 

L.tiiii; J.iva .. ■ • 
>ri\aii]nii:0^ ... ■ 

'Ti \ ••■■•■■■■•■ 

».i/.\ 

V r!i 

)■■(«- r >•■.■••. • 

» Cj.t 

I i^.ii •■••■.•.• 

I ijt I'l 

I -k iTl-fi I 

ill *' ■■■••§•■• 

1.1.^.1 

*i>:ii« l«"«"*'' 

> iii:!! i.x'tka ■ . . 
>'inf'r!ii ik 

> 'raKtitil^'';! .. . . 

) •rtNikr-r 

>>>rt<iii}; 

^ i^ 1 ■■•••■■•■ 

)i»-*iiiia 



I 



»iMri> 



*jKli<ii'a« 

t\n riii'Aicik ■ . ■ ■ 
>fi)iir 

»,V||||V ■ ■■ ■ ■■■ m 

I >;k)irhka 

' '{'p* III 

I )]llit.lO 

I K'ai'^n 

I >r4ri;;<* 

I >ranffr 

i )raTnjt biir^ . . . . 

Orani^-rio 

Orciiilli 

( ^rchnn 

Itrcivi 

I Jpr'.iro . . . 

llrrifr.ii . . . 

I >roifon . . . 

i)ri.|rrunci 

'>rr|riiatil^.. . 
f>rr:jualM.-«.. . 

Or. J 

<h-. I 

, O /^inj-itcha . 
n.vfi'r.irjj . . . 
* »r. nStir«» . . . 
^ *f I n*'* 



• • . 



I 

H. \I.>!ii«-liiwiri.-i . . 

C. >*j.ilit* I»ii->i>i:i. 

1. Kiirik' I-I.iiuU. 

I. rolyiit Ml 

I. i'tilyiM "11 

K. Am.iIii' U'l-i-ti- 

I. I*ii|\nr-i.i 

T. niii(liMi.>|jii . . . 

F.. \i>rtM Aim nr t 

1«. \-t->1r.iLi>ia . ■ . 

r. Irti.iiiil 

I'l. Ni'W (•:iiii' n . . 

K. (' III:: 

T. lIlIlli-MI-t .'I . . . 

'V. MiiiiliN-.T.iii . . . 

1 . 1 1 r-*!!! 

I. Hnt. Aiii> 'i>-i . 

Irt. liril. Am- r>i i . 

T. Illl|ii>ii)'t-|l! . . . 

IE. A^i-.iit- K I ^11. 

I. l*i'i'\?i« .-i I 

I. I'lilviii'-M 

T. II I Jill- Jji! I'l . . . 

I. \iirlli Am- ri«- 1 

I. Nnrl'i AnifTi'M 
Ml-. A^i.lllr liiis'.i.i. 

I. r'>l\iirsi:i 

T. r.itt!' |{iir!i.iri.i 

T. •! ijtiiii 

I. .•'•ip ■■> 

Vnl, \m ill'" I^U>^il. 

I. l*iil_V li-.-M 

'P. Ifii'Ji«-i;iii I 

Sti. ( iTi I iiIiimI . . . . 

^It. >:iiii .irn 

Cy. I'urJ.iir-il 

T. li'l-*!.! 

i'v. I'rii">i:i 

*I . ;M''\i* " 

I. ' \iisfr.i!j'i 1 . . , 

T. ,A!;:ur'* 

I. ,Mal ly^ia . . . . 

(*. 'n.M/ii 

K. At'nr.i 

T. .'^iii^ii l';irii!in;i 

liar \ii«tMi.tsia .. . . 

I, iVcni /m la 

R. Miin::iili<i 

I . II iirKi-y 

.T. Swi ili-n 

■T«T. I'nili .1 Sl.iti -i. . 

R. '»ri "."^ii 'i'lT.. . . 

'V. Sa, <!• II 

'Ti. ■>..'r'i Aim tm-i 

, R. .i:.:i.-:l 

,'Pr ;K*u^ ii 

T. iFIti ^11 

R. V\-«'Litif' RiH.i.i. 

!*r. :Asi.itir- I'li-xsi.!. 

T. Ai(i;itii; Ri:- -i.x. 

\T. Spain 



Br*. 

I 7 
\ h 

W.I 
AW 

Xj 
T.I 

A J 

(* il 
Wi 
K h 
I i 
M i 

I' .- 

(. S 
K I 
Ta 
VI, 
A- 1, 

U!' 

\ «! 
!! r 
\" b 

I'll 

r .■ 
V .• 

W'r 

'■j 
I o 

\ :i 

I.c! 
\ r 
\ .' 

i: . 

Wi 

l.r 

r f 

Ml 
\ r 
ii V 
Wi 

Ik' 

Nil 

\c 

Kfl 

l)d 

Ml 

I. i 

I i 

Or 

O .• 

Wb 

Vc 

r. .1 



>tiirf>i ■ t r . M. If 



lr?'.i 

htu\ 

»rliij 

*r:,Min . . . 
^rli.'v . . . . 

).i .* 

>ri-. fit il . . 
liiii Nii. . 
*i'll;'»« Il .. . 
)i iii<M-o .. . 
>ri.-! i;;iiii . 

iTL-*A ... . 



^rnu>-\' . . . 
Irl. i".-i .. . 
>rli- u -* .. . 
)i ii-.ii<>ik . . 
• rlii\ 

>rl'i\ I. , . . 

»:! -v-i . . . 
»:1.... \:i .. 



)|'lll lul . . 

•r:!:':s .. . . 

)r..i.' 

)r>iiiii-!i .. . 
Jruiilrs. . . 
lriMiIiiM;r .. 
Jrn'n- I . . 

■ 

IrHk-iia . . . 
»r?.-j I ... 
In. Miiir^' 
Iriii;- ■* . . . 

).-r 

»-t.-i 

Uti • 1. . . . 
)rii I . . . . 
Jr-ir .... 

y-Ai I . . . . 

)->jril . . ■ . 
)*a;;i •< . . . 
)"'!ii>rni- . . 
)'»lMiriii'!« . 
).-rir .... 
•-icir . . . . 

N( II 

N.'piM . . . 
K-iTi jiM»y • 
»M'riiia. . . 
l-iiii.'i. . . . 
)'>iiii:i. . . . 

)'>it:i 

Kka 



l-^kt 1.iir::ii 

Klll.il|i!.iu 

).*I1.! 

)«:n:iliiir;; . 
)>i;;il':ir;,' . 
)-n.jlMir:; . 
)-urij't . . . 
)siin:o . . . 
K<.i 



• I 

T. .\»i.i!ir Tiirk.-v 

i\ Arn. :i '. 

I>t. IViLiijiMiia .... 

R. Mi>i>i:.ilia 

T. Rii>^: 1 

li. Kii>«.i'i 

' '. \i'\v Rril iwi . . 

I'm ( Ml': 4 

IVji Veil /III !;i .... 

I{. Vi-iii-.-<|i 1 1 .... 

'V. S.iri'.iii I 

I*r. IIit:i!.i» *?.4ii . . . 

I. S. lit!.. ml 

I. I..)Ui r Can pI.i. 

Cy. Kr.ii.i ■• 

T. A"! Aiv K<;-.«i.i . 

T. K'i ...i 

('. Rn^- 1-1 

R. Ao:..iii' Riix-ia. 

*'. IIu'»*i I 

R. Aoi..t:i- Rii^^ia. 

I. ISrif. .\iiH-ri.M . 

I. i*t r.-i.iM (•lilt*. . 

[.. M"I)r.|iI|-| 

T. .\|i;!:;;ii!i.i 

R. Syria 

I. I'i'lyiM'sia 

'I'. Ib'iivia 

T. 'J'.irt;!ry 

t '. Sjijiii 

T. I*rll•^i.l 

T. »r../il 

r. M"n;:ii]i.i 

r. ^^^■n::■ li.i .... 

Vr. \Ii'iii;iili.i 

I. \'f-i: /11' !.l 

T. RiiliM.i 

(*y. j.f ip.i'i 

(f. !.' ■;»■:!) 

'i'r. ^li• •■■wri 

('. (Uri?. .Nnirrira . 

Rs: r..lyn.>i.i 

Hav llriT. Ann rira . 

I. I'll!;. Ill ' la 

T. X.srv. ..V 

T. r. r>ia.' 

T. Rii-^^i I 

Mt. \-i itii* Rii>sia. 

I. I!»>t. rii Sia. . . 

I. .1 ip.in 

Vil. \U xi''ii 

T. Mi':i::«ilia 

f.. Mrit Anil ri- a . 

T. \>.l itji 'J''.irki \ 

'V. Kn^-i I 

I. ■!* !_.H' -1.1 

i 'y. Il.iiii-V' r 

lilt. ISril. \'iii rii'a . 

rii .a. > I- 

I . I .'nil 

• ul. ( lllil 

T. R.i-.^ii 



I *'%. 



r 
r 



Vc 

Mm 
Td 
Nd 
.\b 
Wi 

s.- 
nil 

III: 

Ml 

li i 
I.c 
lid 
M d 
T v 
Vr 
o I, 

\b 

I) b I 
\ Il 

il U 
V I* 

Sd 

Rd 

Or 
I'll 

"J 
1*1 

I. d 

N c 

Jj 

Sd 

Sd 

T V 

"C 

"J 
Vr I 

Vo 

F.. 

C.'u 

Ck 

ri. 

X i 

.M b 

Tt 

Ob 

Wc 

If 

Vd 

Td 

ii I. 

Md 

Ob 

fk 
Ml- 
Kc 
If in 
If in 
Pc 



CONtiULTlNU 1.NDLX. 




il^,- 


■">■ 


Ulti-r 


tu ■' 




>tu-i 
Hb-r 


:;:;:::::;■, 

l 

T^il ■ 



N>|ili' 

y Niirlli Amcri 
r. Ufit. AiiuTic 



A-iulii' ltii->U.T<: 



Tr. MunE'>Ii> 

T. RuMu 

1. 'N. IViHc Oc. . 

I. PulvtHkU 

Muiiclioorii . . 



. I. 



<hi.i««ir.>v.ki.y»,'l'. 
I )u>k' SiHuilk . . . T. 

iliiKtuzuii T. 

C).i.|iii^' Wtikii)' T. 
(I.I-.I Mirti-lirtBik T. 



IllU'lll- '1'. 


>V^II.I. 




. . . I'r 


)>n.iil 


i,".'. 


...1. 

...T. 








twJ.Vh 


■c':; 


... U. 


Iwlilt. 


WtTk 










lktiu,l Ilo. 



Aiiidtic Ku»i>. 
Madagaxcar. . . j 

lir»il 

'ArdiijH'tjgQ I 

ttvHU 

Hjy Japon 

' Ilrit. Aiiirrira . 

Ihrpiii Tcr. .. 

l'ulvn.-.ii 

nriU .\i»rripa . 

Hriu Amrrm • 

.S>w Ilriiiin".'.: 

Kalklitid U.'.'. '. 

HriL Aiii.r»a . 
I. UrtT-lMiloka.' 
It. T«rl.ty j 



CONSL'LTINU INDEX. 



U 






Na 



ill n*cm, k€. I U 



-I 



Oyo. ...,. It. !Ru»«ia I* b 

( >zark iMU I'liiUd Suit4!«. . iK c 



tJ 



i>! 



• •»••■•••■■ 



i: 



t • ■ • • 



■ • • • • 



r. 

K. 
K. 
IL 
ft. 
'i'. 
ft. 



(IBCC 

Oux 

ihicrnoic . 
(><!}; ilia. . . 

I 

Pa 

Paarl 

I*acajr> .... 
Pjc.iil»clorp 
Pacaxa 'ft. 



;.\frira (> i 

iAf'ru-a -O i 

.\t>ic.i Oh 

I'lTHia li* e 

.Viiiatir ftuMnia. K a 
.\Ki.itic Ku!>»ia.'S c 
i.\si:ititr ftu^tsia. V b 



PaltTino A -y. Sicily JM c 

Palotinc Cty ^^ r^^ P^ 

PaKzkliua T. i'abul 'Q e 

Piiilib«haii .T. .Muii|ruli-i S d 

Piillamcuttah • . . Sta. !iliiidut>>laii ... ft h 

Pailaa Mt Jj)kiii V d 

Pulkiia '1'. i 1} U.II ft li 

PallieM.T.s Ik- Puly Ill-Ma 1 * j 



. . It. AiiialiL- ftiiKbia . ,V b 



Paccliino jT. 

Pachi T. 

Pachilfa It. 

Pacmng T. 

Padaino R. 



^Y Thibit Sf 

T, fa|H.' (.\jluny . . !.N 1 
Tr. Suuth Aiiii-rica I i 
T. Ca|K' (\iKiiiv . . N 1 
<i!razil ....:...:! i 
i.^sialic ftuwia. S c 



PallitiMT C*. 

Palm Ik. 

Paliiia I. 

Paliiia T. 

Puliiia a . p. 

I aiina ....•...• J. 

Piiliiia C*. 

Piiliiiariiiilia.. . . i'. 
PuliiiaK i'. 



iNi \v Zi'^i iiid. 
Austruia>i.i ... 
|(*diiary l>L-s . 
,(':iiiary l>ki . 

I'hih 

SjKiiii 

.ML-xiro 

An;;iila 



X 111 

Vj 
K t 
K f 
II h 
Mc 
Er' 
.Mi 



iLibi-ria L h I 



iMoiipilia >S d PaliiiiT liay jltrit. Aiiu'rica . U b 

■Ptoru 'Hi PaUiier Pt. .IlriL Aiucriia . K a 



ThiM 
Virnc/ucla 



IS r 
.illh 



Padaiif |T. Sumatra !S i 

Padaraii V. 

Padaviri 'R. 

I Padcrboni Cy. 

PrfilingAiM .!• 

Padifiirudaa .... T. 

PadiMiiiKt T. 

Paduucah ft. 

I Padrun (C. (Jmxiro 'Mi 

Padftow jT. Kiifjlaiid ,L c 

Padua Vy. 

Padur T. 

Padypulo Ifl. 

Pairahiii Mew . . T. 

Paj^aniianG |I. 

r Poi^oLa iTr. 

P«Con |I. 

Palia -T. .MoM^iiha S u 

Pahan^ |T. jMaluva 'S h 

Pah«.Uini.kol .. . R. iTIiibct |S c 

Paiclian T. iMantchooria . . jU d 

PaidmatU SCa. iNcw Zealand. . 'X 1 



'(*aiiii)udia 'Tff 

Bui-iiiM Ayrvs ..II h 

Prussia M c 

i.\iiutii.' ftuiiiiia.;W b 
Asiatic ftusbia.'Q c 

RiKnia '.\ c 

MistMiuri Tcr. . F d 



Itily IM d 

lliiid<KiHtan .. .'ft e 

Aiid Qii 

iiiriiiiili S f 

Malay Ilia 'l' i 

Scnc^anibia .. , Is g 
Polyiitsia :V j^ 



Paiiiii-r's I'd. jSoiiUiirii Ocean II c 

PaiiiuTo C. Sardinia j.M c 

Pahiit rsii.ii I. jpulyiicbia |H k 

Palmyra ftiis, Syria O e 

Pali.iyr.t Pt. ililldoo^tan ... R t' 

Paiiiivr^it I«. Poiyiii'yia 11 h 

Pa!..I."ni I. Polynesia IW g I 



P3h.<. 

Pulu> . 



T. CiUbisi Ti 

T. S|i:iiu L d 



Palti: I.. ThiUt Sf 

PaliiniU 1. Harca N c 

Paiiia I. l'Ja^tt rii Sea .. . |L' t' 

PaiiK r Uin. 'rart:trv Q c 

111 
Ld 
II h 



Ayrcs . 



PaiiijKiH Piii. iiucncig J^ 

Pai!i{K Iwii.i C'y. SfKiiii 

Paii:{>4-|iMia ..... T. -NVw (ircnada . 

Paiii[)lit''j ...... So. .North Carulina 

Pani.iu.i (*y. New (jrciiada . !(< h 



PsiIm L. 

PaiaKmi iR. 



Paialry 
Paitaire. 
Pajane . 
Pakhia 



T. 
R. 
L. 
R. 



Nb 
Hi 
Lc 

Sd 
Nb 
i.\iiatic ftuuia.'X b 



Sweden . 
Peru.... 
Si'utland . 
.MoHfTiilia 
jRuiuiia . . 



I 



I 



Pan nil i Ii«y 

PanariM Is. 

Panciiina T. 

Panctou ft. 

Pandura ft. 

PanduraV Ld. 



New lirtiiada .'G h 

Chili ;H k 

.-Vniatic ftu!»ia. R c 
ThiU^t S e 



Auhtralasia .. . ..V 



4 



New Guiiira . . V i 



Pandura*s ft. Pol> ncsia IX j 



Panga ,Pr. 

Panguny ft. 

PanfriHjlaran. . . .11. 

aniany I . 

Paniclieira IT. 



Paknani iT. [Siain jS ^ 

PaUmoi <T. Ispain jM d 

PaUmow -T. 'llindonvtan . . . 

Palaiia R. Asiatic ftiiiaia . 

Palaoi ;ls. Pulvuo>ia 



(loii^o 'N i 

lAlVica 'Oi 

j.MalayBia JTh 

Ilindoofltan ...'ftp 
'AlViea |0 j 



Paniiavia Hay Africa .M h 



PaJawu if 

Paica 

PaleaU 

Palcipaa 

PalembaBf ... 

Pakncia 

PaJcoqiw .... 



L. 
L. 

|T. 
T. 
T. 



MolaVKia ... . 

Bolivia 

Soon^ria 

DucnuK Ay res . 

Sumatra 

Spain 

.Meiico 



Kf 

\Vb 

t h 

Th 

Hj 

<id 

Hk 

Si 
Ld 



. Panot R. 

j Panovskaya .... T. 

Paiisa .T. 

Paiilar jl. 

Pantelaria II. 

Pantura Sta. 



Paniico . 
Pany... 
Pao-kin^ 
Pao-ning 



T. 
I. 



^^. .^ — . . 

I. |Polynciftia 



Kumia b b 

Aniatic Russia. T c 
South Peru ... Ill j 
Ui 
.Mc 
fth 
Ff 

'Vf 
Xe 



Mahiysia 

Mediternui. Sea 

CVylon 

Mexico 

.Malayifia 

(Cy. ;China 

k;y. China 



80 


CONS 


L'LTJNt; I.XDEX. 


EL_-" 


]^ 


K«-4Ih.^t., 


c^ r-,^ 


Pairtp-cliiiw 


Cy. Diinii 


tT 


Pn« d.'] KorlG 


.n\ .Muiii'i 


FT 


ra'rtini; 


Uy. null. 


■To 


Pjwumls..... 


.T. .Mad>::u<»r. . 


fj 








PanHiiaava... 


.|C. .Mad:.«««r- . 


pj 


It. Bwii 




Pnwiinu.- 


. 1-. lk'l<iiRlii.laii . 


uf 


i'niHkmwa 


I. S.'iu-eiunbiii. ■ 


Kg 


pBH«ni 


T. Ilk-™™ 


Th 


P.p.>.iubn..... 


T. Mmicj 


t-r 




■('- ''''--■'ly 


.%■-; 


i'.rr 


I. Imluiui 


Kb 


P»«iiii 


.T. Ihraii. 


>Id 


|-up» of I'indci . 


MU Pnla^niiW ... 


II m 


P"=* 


.T. -ttimatra 


Sb 


I'jmy 


T. Cilia 


III 


■«-Wr 


.T. Rom-a 


Ti 


ivVJ.J. 


I.. TIril. AmiTira 


.tic 


W.«. 


.Kk-N.l'niirKth-. 


KS 


I',i™ 


Pr. liraal 




■a-l-i 


. r. X.-W Crrnjdj 


iJh 


P«ni 

I'un. 


•h'- S 


1 i 
li 


■a<li.l 

•aUluIc'A .... 


. Jiiy Xwih Ai.Hr.i 


.Kb 
'•1 




T. BriFil 


Ij 




.IIT. Sirtitli Aiinri.-. 


uL 


rtri™id:i;.";!! 


Ilk. rlmin.Scn ... 


Tg 


■ntal.iti 


.T." J.«a 


Ti 


rir.l« 


It. Ilr.i«l 


Ik 


•BL..1B1.-.J1 . . . 


.T. :iirni.li 




Pan-Hii 


It. V|-|HM11>'U... 


nil 


r.iHimi- 


.T. Africa 


Nh 


riinenny 


Hep S..UII1 MiHitiea 


Ik 


■■lUiii 


■<■■ -M-ln." 


Sh 


I'jniEiiiy 


I. .Malnv-in--.. 


Tli 


"■tmi 


.T. .Makivi. 


S!i 


I'anen^ir 


It. KJivi. 


i k 


■.■iL-tnirlm ... 


.K. .\.Lt.rll„^i, 


\ h 


■■jriill.4m 


T. Mrmanlia.... 


Td 


Pi.lrl.arl,iii.kul 


.<-. .:\l-bllir l(ii...ia 


Xh 


l-nMibi 


l-r. Ilmiil 


Ji 


■alrlmlki.... 


. R, Aruniv l(ii»i. 


\ b 


I'.riiila 


'■r- l»nuil 


J) 


'aKliii-aii . . . 


- 1. Ii»l.rn S.^. . 


I'f 


l-nrailn 


R. llraiLl 


Ji 


■alrriiortit .. 


. I. .M»l«v.ia .... 


T. 




R. Ilr..il 


J k 


Palrr-wi-ii..,. 


.T. AustnLri*... 


Xm 




l-y. IJuiaiii 

r. .NWS.\Vi.U., 


Ih 


*»li.n«. 




Vd 


rnlnnlallik 


Wl 


•MiM 


. K. Hraiil 


■Jj 


I-arMiit 


fy. HiiiiwiHAyn:. 


'It 


•atki 


.T. J.va 


IT. 


ri»iii 


K. IIUL'l.'X AVKH 


II 


'sUii 


■ I'l-. 1 lindaE-Uii .. 


Rf 


I'arnim 


R. Ilniiil 


Ik 


P.ti,.r..lini:iilii 


.1: l-fi-TCaiiaJi 




E^inuiniriitf . . . ■ 


Day Kru;iit 


Ik 


P.-ilritk 


■ Po. S.-.rtl.il.i 


l.c 


PnniuUiybi.... 


K. Iln»l 


■li 


Pitr..Hiii...... 


.1. l\Jvi«--i'....- 


-V 


R. Ilniil 


Patf(-.-l.ilk.i.. 


. T. \yi>l:- Ku^ii 




I'jri '. 


n. llMzil 


Ik 


l-llln 


.-r, .Mrltlld* 




PanitiV^U.... 


I. ['..tyiiciii..,. 


vr 


pjMir*..!i's . . . 


.«;,. P.Jjii^«a.... 


xh 


lUrihiMCi 


II. ly.»,rL'.ii,...I. 


rid 


P-.tl.,ii 


.(■. Xf«S.Wi.|r, 


VI 


l-.riu 


T. .Mai.lili...,ri 1 . 


Id 


P-ityi« 


■R. Krml 


Jj 


Puinaculii 


.ML Smlli 1'. nl. , . 


'ij 


Via 




T.il 


I-.M. 


i;y. *>«ni-.t 


.Md 


I\iil<.'7r1aiiil'< . 


'.v. iiai"i,^.'.'.::'. 


III 


I'-rito 


Ci. .V..wi:nri,.U 


iJii 


PiuJBi.ir 


. 1. .UaLvcii .... 


Tb 


IVki-rV 


1. P.Jvi.r.ia.... 


Xi 


Paiilou 


.T. Ilrjiil 


Jh 


iUriM 


11. iDify 


:.Md 


Paiiiii-.r 


■ T. IlilHl..,.!^!... 


Kc 


P«nrt 


r.' rh!ui '.'.'.'.'.'. 


IMd 


PauiK-h 




H' 


P.r...>.lcl..Auion 


'Su 


Puri* 


.('V. I..Hulaidv ... 


Md 




H. llMiil 


■Ji 


Pmnin- 


.Vil. Mis,.«iriT.r. 


¥<i 




Mn IVrsu 


U« 


PaWiiK- 1'ii-t.i. 


.Tr. -Hiur........ 


K> 


Paruv>kMU 


T. \.Ulh: Ku*»u 


Sk 




. Tr, Mi«-u(iT,r. 


Pd 


P-.rral 


r. \1.-Titi. 


If 


Pavnn 


T .M-Mie-Ni. . . . . 


Sa 


P.rry 


('. liriF. AiiK'nra 




Pavliiv>k 


.T. Bu».ia 




I'lrry , 


(', Hril. AiiKTK-n 


11 a 


I'-yi. 


.,T. Prru 


til 


l'»"y 


r. ,Sr..f.'»l.y'. U 


iKa 


P..vm™I.i.... 


. T. truBuay 


I.l 


P=i"y 


Ak ;|-pi.rf.M«da 


!iid 


P^j«d.l|iUld 


. lliK. lliP'iuH Aym 


:ll 


P."y 


■■'>. ,|tril. Ai(K-ri<-a 


iKt, 


IVjrr 


. It. Hril. .\ini rir* 


Ke 


l-arry' 


lir. |-..ly.«-u,... 


l*"f 


l>.-0ii' Hit, r . . 


.11.1. IlHl. Aminra 


Kr 


IVrv-K 


1, |-..!vr..-u. .. 


Hi 




.Ilk 1!,1). A..1.T..4 


Kb 


r»rry'. 


1. i>.>[;ii.'<ii.... 




I'-^U 


. I. Ijiiaiv 1-1... 


K ( 


''•"'y'- 


Ihy l!ril. A'.i. >..-> 




p. -1. 


1. Ivuril." I.i,i,a. 


Wd 


F'.irliJi 






IVal 


ri, J....... 


\ d 




I-. S.,.ii:iP,rii... 


"j 


P.-..k 


- ILiy r,'|-il'.>ii.id.i 


!■ d 


E'« 

Pi-..i. 


i-'.l. l:.i..L. ... . 


^v;l 


IVA 

P.-l 


. R. 1 i-f i|-aii..d.i 
. Mc^Aniii;:i 


I'.f 




lltfL „ 

, (.'7. iKrimc M J 

. 'I- 'Anatic lluiaii. '1' b 

Pr. Kiwia re 

.T. Hu„u I'e 

.T. , Brazil Ji 

L. :l(raul Ji 

T. Ilnuil |J i 

'■ jllraiil Ji 

ir. Uratit Ji 

Ml 'NVwlIoUina.-iTk 
!• Indiiii (Irt'aii.. U i 

Sir. Jauan Vd 

«■- lOnmii T-- tiA 
l>. ,Kra 

, Una l\niB.. 
,11JA«»-- 



. .T. 'Vaagn N i 

r'\Vi«CDnMnT<?r. F d 
.WiMunMiiTcr.Kd 

- Wak* 

BriL AiiMTit 
Falkland la. 
Pol> 

Auklralaaia ... X in 
Spain I.a 

■ jh. Seonil'y'a U. ,K a 

. R. '.AnalicRiraia.AVb 



IVU«ru 

Pl'lClll'lcO 

PiU-hura 

ri'lehora 



. ('y. ;.Si3>tlaild I. r 

. '1. INc>rl].>lUn<l..TI 

Ki-p S.iuUi Aiiiihua II i 

I. |ro1ync-ia \t 

. T. Iln^iana lid 

'■ ilMym-ia X|r 

. 1'. |Napk-< .M d 

. ViL ^Norlh Aincrii 3 .\ ' 

[~ ratatMiiia II 

fj. fabul.. 

(\ {Aa*lrU. 

T* Aaiativ iiuviia. t v 

I. Tulyiwi-ia V t 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



I'd 



; 'IVr 



I'clorca 
l*ctor<Mi 

Pvlallan 

Pdowitck 

HtM^iu 

I'clfflino llotun 
Peltikiiii 

VtUU ItduluNbui 

IVtranviiiLik ■ ■ 
l'L'lti>pjiiliiriilirni 
Pi!lrop.iulov>koia 

i'vlruvxk 

Tcinn-iW 



11. 8. Pacific Oc. . F i 

JT. Mm™ Er . 

II. Wi-«tIiiiliui...Hff 

It. CliUi Ill 

{Vol. Butinw Ajro* .'Hi 

T. Moxiro Kb 

T. Urir. America . II < 

'Sh. AlUnlicOa-mn tC il 



;T. Sail, Sg 

T. Awitic Ituwria. I' c 

Cy. UuMii !Ub 

1' i.,:..!^ if..^:. u » 



PO] 



jyni . 



. T. :UutG Bucharin 



Pliillip 

PliiUip .....*. 
PliiiliiniH: ■ . • 
Pfaiilipulia... 

Pliiili|»!!!!! 

Pliillipa 

Philliiwudt.. 
Pliip(» 

Phug-ii!!!!! 

PiwimliiHi' . . 

PUihM 

PUtniloiudti . 

Pinulii 



. I. N. I>u:ir]c Uc 

. ('. 81i*nnoT> <•- - 

.T. Turkey 

. L JAiMtraU 



. In. iMiUysiii -.. 
.«U. Africa 



Piko'i.... 
Pihu'i . . . . 

Pilar 

Pilaya.... 

Pikulnayu 
I'iWnicU .. 
Pilsrim... 
Pilton'a... 

Pinar 

Pillar 

Pillau . . . . 
PiloaUi... 
Pilwn.... 



Pino . . . 
Pine . . . 

Ipil^r.'. 
FimV . . 



.1. IPAlfm-wa 

■ llay Dril. Ad/icrira . 
-T. !4i»-i-<lcii ....... 

. C Noilli AmerioalC > 
. I. Polvnoia 

■ T. Cocliin (liina .iTjr 
.T. (Wiiin(1iiiia.,Tf 
. K. AHidticHnuia.'Sa 
. I. AnutiFRwia.'iSli 

.T. Ruwia ill 

• T. 'Aia;iti<:Riiii*)a.Nc 
..Fr. liraiit Ji 



Ploej 
Pinf Jui . . 

PlDf-lHUIg 

Pinv-lo . . . 
I^ng.lou ■- 

Pin«k!.!! 



Picaiij 

Pichat 

Pickaniiiny 1 



■ ■ I- llwhia Ob 

.-rr. Braiil Jj 

■■T. Si.,,, Se 

..T. itl»:„o.Ayrt,i.|IIk 
'•■I 

..T. <:iii<ira !l, li 

..I. |IiU(-ol'(ii-oriiia Jn 

..1. \\Tun-* 'Ke 

-■It. Itrazil :lj 

..T. \<>vaSo>lia. 

.-Kki Mii^iiean I<: d 

'- ' (-ai,ida.'l[d 



rii*7..''.; 

Piranlui .. 

Pirate 

. Pin-litibi .. 
flPirta,,.... 
!' Piruliina . 
; lln 



-T. K>i* 
■ I.. Ram 




L. iBriL .\mprica . t' c 

Ia Brit. America . l> c 

'R. BriL Antcrira . I) c 

I. !s.PaciAcUG...!Ek 

Pk. !.Vinauri Tur. . 

rr. jBraiil !I i 

T. Bolivia Ilk 



iL Pacific Oc..Pk 
iSeotaibj-tljL. K b 
jPalagnnia .... II d 
'V.D,vtnvn*BLd.VDi 



jMan^ia 

Africa. . . 
iBraiil... 



I. 'Eqaadoi .. 



..Ob 
..Ob 



. T. RaMJa. 

. R. jRuHia . 

.1. AiMlralwia....!Xk 

, I. Cubs ■ - 

. I. Anslraluk 

. T. :(iirea 

. Cy. Ciiina 

. Cy. t'^hina 

. Cy. China 

,i:y. Chilli 

Cy. China 

. I. North AnwrieaiA b 

.T. Mraioo.. 

. T. RuMia . . 

. t'y. CJiina . . . 

..nay Bruil ... 

. IL .RhL Antrriea . 

.T. IlinduoaUn ... Sf 

. .K. Msiico . . 



'R. i.Manlcbwiria . 



lAiiatk RuHJ 



.Rb 



•memy Md 

, oiitliP«tii...,Hj 
T. HeBrnnibia...'Lf 

r. PwK |«J 

SnihFrtiOcwn'Ho 

Si"" Sf 

I.ib(r,a ILb 

Arialic Ruma.tSc 
llraiil tij 



^Bl 



rONSl'LTINCJ INDEX. 



83 



^■M•wnMmftr iitia. 



^«M«. 






NuM if nam, A.-. ( '.4*. 



1 



hMlin*. 



I 



r.li-a 

I IftI ■•■■-■••■•• 
m II • ■»•••■•!■ • 

Flit 

I'-ii 

Piitirvki 

Pm*» 

Ti'li-Sur;^ 

■ • ' I ffl •- ••■•■•• • 

PlaatlMT!; 

PluXMtii 

riarit-.lia 

Phri-nlis 

Planntii 

Pirikiiii 

Piinlam 

PLnU 

rIl^Wtl•■ 

Flilr 

FhHe 

Piatton Set* 



Swvili n 

Rrit. AiiK-riri 



N b 

(■b 



-Pulvni-mi \h . Pnltava -Ir*, Pr. ,Kus.«ia 



jliifiim Ol*! .Ill 
i.M* xwn 



Pi 
Kd 



Piiltuva ........( *y. KuH>ia O d 

Pulvni'sii Dir.'c K'caiiica C* h 

Pi>iiialiaiiih.i .. . . T. !lloii\ia II k 

.-( >n-^ftii 'IVr. .. . *M c : Pnmba Ray 'Mozniiiiiiiiin' . . O j 

S. IVif-iriir < h\. . 'II o ■ Poinba K. Mnzaiiibiqiiu . . < ) j 

Priinxvlvaiiia. . "<' d Poinbii ( 'v. Africa Si 



K. 

I. 

1. 

Hk. 

K. 

"T. iAsi.ifir KiiH>M. U b 

Arc 

I. 

:*■>■ 
*'r. 

!r. 

r. 

T. 

iJiy 

U 

T. 

I. 

I.. 

I. 

I. 

K. 

I.. 



Rrf. 



Pfiliiuvvki T. ' A^i:lI^' ItiiHNia. (^ b 

Piiloviiinai.1 .... R. jAsi.-itir KiiiiNia. I' b 



Od 



.Peril ('i 

Alri.M N k 

.\VM-t<iUTi(ll imi. i d 

Sfui?i !• d 

Ncur'iiiiiiilniiii. 1 d 



(•i|:it-iil i! I .. . , 
Aoi.itir I!'i-i>i.L, 
(S'lii ^ iiiiiii.-i .. . 
Ori'ijiiri Tir. . . 
Pm1\ rii'sii 



Plittuburr T. 

Phy Ifrrvn !•. 

P!« .isant I. 

Pit tl(.nbf*rK« ""V 

P.'i»«ikic Konlilki . 1. 

I r 'l^k ■«•-•...• ■• 

Plyiiwuih 'I'. 

P' Sidruui 'I'« 

Por.iiitinN K. 

P<x: itka Ii< 

Po-rlmw i'y- 

Porr ivukot* T. 

Pticr<i%'iik(ii T. 

P'Kiramciinaia .. K. 

P'wfiJia -lu. Pr. 

PodiJ^k T. 

P(K!or :Ft. 

Piidprill«knrii .. . . 'T. 
. Podralochoii^'o . . 'T. 

PocffJ '!■• 

|Puiia :T. 

Point L. 

Point da r;alle .. T. 
Poinled llevt . . |L. 
■ oiffflB ••••••••• I* 

Poiliera T. 

Paivre lla. 

Pnl. T. 

Poland 'Km. 

PoUngcn T. 

Polar :8ca 

Pn!Uraitr9 -T. 

Poiinwka |T. 

P Ollafd •■•■••«. ila 

Pcji.uk It. 

PoJomi T. 

Poionkir .Morrn R. 
Polonj R. 



I. h 

Kd 

Xi 

Pi 

Kd 

Vd 

lid 



Ponicri ,1. 

PdlllCTtlUll 'R. 

Pomona I. 

Pona .M(ilutii|iii* .;i. 

P.ificc 'T. 

Pi)iid;iit;; '1, 

Piindichrrry . . . . (!y. 

Poiid'.H !|. 

Pond'ii Ill, 

Pnncvii'Z T. 

Pniiir T. 



Indian Ocean . P 1 

(tuiiina J h 

Soiithnd Jj c 

.■^^ia iQ i 

Pnrti) Riro. ... II ^ 

Malay >ia (' li 

IliridufMtan . . . R {^ 

I«nbrador I c 

jllrit. .\nivrica .<■ a 

il{ii.«iiia '.V c 

Monmilia S d 



Puni^iM 'II, S( ncj^anihia .. . il« |f 

Ponijcn T. 

Pont ill K. 

Pont.i iKlijada. .jT. 

PonUil T. 

Pnntv dc Lima.. T. 
PonU'Vidra .. . . T. 
Pontiao ........ 'T. 



.Mantrhfioria . . l' d 
Maiitrhonria . .if c 
St. .MirhacI i. .|Kc 

Hrnzil :l j 

•Brazil !l i 

Spain !< d 

.Michi(;an ,0 d 



Punlianali 'Vm. Riyrni-u |T h 

Pontianah IT. Rorni'o T h 



Pnntotcic 



T. Mi^s 



IFSlppI, 



A« c ! 



li (iiaii ( k'l-iin 
Mi.'«'*nnri 'J'rr. 
\iiotrii ... . . 
Vr-.v Y'lf'; .. . 
Mri!. .\:iu'rir.i . .K r 

Piilynn*ia X i 

I'.rn' Colony . . N I 

i«>l^ -M I II 

Pi.iii.d N c 

r.i':;! ind -li c 

Il.iiy M d 

\^i.i!i'* Kii^-i.i. U c 

Mri.vl 1 i 

A*>:.;tii- RiiHi'ia. R b 

( :iuii I u 

\<^i.:1ir Ii<i>'«i:!. R c 
A^Mtw Riis«i.i. r b 
Asj I'll* Russia. S h 

R...-M.I Nd 

Kiio^ii O c 

Srni ::nnil>ia ... I« |; 

Ariafic Rui-'sia. R c 

,.\»iatic Ruwiia.iT c 

;. Malaysia 'S i 

JLittk* Rucharia R c 

[DfiL .Amt'rica .Kb i ■ lJwu^lHl^ ■>• < miFi % .>> ' 

jCVylcin R h i, Popadimkina . . . T. |.-\iiiatic RuKNia. R c 

'Orcjfnn Tcr. .. . K d j Popayan Cy. New (m'nada . JCJ h 

jSrncL'nniliia ... Kg I Poplar ,R. IBriL Anierica . ,F c 



Poodnc.i iT. 

Piiopiil "'!'. 

Poolo |T. 

Poolkrc T. Cnbul |Q c 

Pocilop 1. Piilyncjiia jW li 



Ru«.-ia .Ob 

IlindiMMitan . . .|Q f 
.Kni;iaiid -L c 



Qc I 



I 



Poolout I. 

Poonili ;Cy. 

PiKmar iT. 

Pnon^fa T. 

Poor Hundcr . . . . T. 
Poorcc !T. 



iPtilyni'sia 'W Ji 

llindfxieitan . . . Q g 
IlindtXMtan ... R f 

Siam S h 

Ilindnuftan . . . Q f 



IlindiMMt.in . . . R p 
; IVmhta KurRidgo Mtn. Little Thibet . . JR c 

' Poo-to I. ;C'hina 'U c 

i Ptx)UMtn(r R. ThitN't jS o 



France '.M d ! Popora :T. 

^Indian Ocean .Pi | Pora 'I. 

j Austria jM d Porco jT. 

iRiwiiia N c I' Porcupine .R. 

iPruMtia IN c >. Porcupine :R. 

Rrit. America . K a |., Porcupine R. 



Naples jNd 

Asiatic Ruwia. iQ c 
N. Pacific Oc..|A f 

Ransia ,N c 

i-Montchriorla . .,V c 

:.Monir«iii.i S d 

jAxiatic Russia. iQ b 



•.\iiiatic Russia. ;R a 

.MiilaTMia ,'S i 

Rcilivia -H j 

RriL America . F c 
HriL America . jG c 
.MiMouri Tit. .Ed 
New Grenada . II h 
Polynesia : A 



I 



I 



■ ore .... ......'I. 

Porccmo II. 

Porinta R. '.^viatic Russia. |T 

Porkhov T. Ruosia ... iN e 

Poro iT. .Mantehooria . . T d 

Poro Ilotun . . . . jT. .Mantchntuia . .|T d 

Poromuschir .... I. 'Kurile iMlands. I W • 



tXJNSULTlNG tNfiEK. 



Ponikcn 
Port.. 



Poitalegr 
PDrtalc^r 
Portandii 

Portau Princo .|T. 
Purl Cuildi 
Port CnwKii 
Port Ih-iira 
PortilJi 



PortLaXuca..]T. 

Poitljnd Ii. 

Porllinrt Cy. 

PortUnd Buy 

Portland PL 

Portland [PL 

Fortlaad PL 

Portland Ctn, 

Portlock'i jUar 

Port lionga | 

Port Maojuirio.T. 
Port M&lion .. . . ,T. 
PortNaii>bu....T. 

Porto Bello Ij. 

Porto Ilcllo Cy. 

Puna Bucarclli , ■V'iL 
Porto Cabcllo. . . T. 

Porto Cslfo T. 

Porto Cordova . . Sir. 
Porto do Ana | 

Nucvo Bay 

Porto deC«™.,T. 
Porto dc Connim-I 

bo 'T. 

Porto del IluucoT. 
Porto do Mot. .. T. 
Porto Craiid8...T. 

Porto Nipo |T. 

Port«Pr.y.....k!,. 

Porto Rico |I. 

Porto S.inlo 'I. 

Putio Scfpiro ■ ■ . Cy. 
Porto Vecchio . . T. 
PortRifud ....iT. 

Port Royal T. 

PoftSui J(Ka...I. 

PorUinouth {T. 

Portomoiith !T. 

Port Kpun T. 

Portugil Cty. 

PoMn Cy. 

Powi K. 

Paui'Wiiiin 



Buenog Arm • 

Pilklud !■.... 

NcvToondluid , 

Brazil 

Bruil 

Aftio 

tlayti 

Cub* 

Uberia 

ciba 

Sooth Fi-ru. . . 



iomuca :(j 

V. Dicmcn'iLd.^ 
BriL Ainviica .'t 

North America '!C 



.. I. 

Pnm~inion BtV 

B-iy 
lUy 



New Grenada ■ ' 



••!?,' 



ChiU... 
Chili... 
Brwl.. 



JnRo . . . 
West India 
iHidcin.... 
Bruil 

VcnoniL-lk'.! 



Bneluid 

N, Ilumpuhiii 
Trioidwl .... 



Indi«n llcriui . . P ni 



Pofcl 

Potsponkiyn. 
Polosi 



Potoii 

Foticliiaik ■ . 
Potsdam .... 
Paltawitomiei 



. ML BriL AmcH 

lUiitic Uiu 
. Drp Bolivia 



MiiBBuri. . 



. r. Rii. 



:5{: 



Pnuaia.. 



fooelikcc 
PonVialiw 
Pouljon.. 



. . T. ittanlchooru 



PouBlantik 

Poualgcn 

PoutaOula 

Poverty 

Povienetz 

Povolgahi 

PovroToka 

Powcii-i'".'.'.'!! 

Poyanellou.... 

Frwla 

Pradca 

Pnirlo du Chien 

Pnluika T. 

Pnulin I. _ 

Prailin Pt iNcw (n'ore> 

Pratai I. IFdnlrm Scj 

PrajadoaPcdraaC. Africa 

Praya dni Ncwa C. I.Wrica 

Pieilpiiali I. 

PrcKnopHika . . . T. 
Prppari* I. 



:Ru.«a.... 

MantcLoora 
Bay .Vcw Ztolui. 



'Hontlirni Uc 
iBraiil 



:Polyn«i... 
fAoialk KuiB 
Biy or ILni 



PrHLdsCariuI. 



.!>. Austria 
.. f^ MrTiro 



Pnw)iK t. [Miclii 



PmtD .. 

FrrMai ',V. 

Priaman 'T. 

Pribuiloff Ilk. 

Prilooki 'T. 

P.iin«u It. 

Prince >':d<riH . I. 
Prince l-ilward . I. 



H»n .. 

Braiil 

.Vtfw IIulUiu 

JNortli Amu 
Ruua .... 
I BriL .ttnerit 
indiifi I ViTii 



oini 



H 



I I 



CX)NSULT1NG INDKX. 



f%Ul»W. 



Rrf 



Prinrv of WaUm* 

ForrUnd !'• N. CuWdoriift . . X k 

Priiirv Krgeiit*i«. liay ISrit. Aiiii'rit.*a . 11 a 

i'nnro Kt'i>t'iit*.i. In. iirit. AiiuTitii . Fa 

I'riiiCf Kc^ciil'*. K. Ni'w Ilullojni. . V j 

I'rinceV I. Africa Al h 

I*rificf'4 I. MiildViiia . . . .^T i 

Frincr'ii I. S>utlKrn ( >ri'aii K n 

Frinccft* Ausjiuta Sh. Indian Ocean .. O 1 
Frinonw Ctiar- ' I 

liMe^t Bay New S. Walcri . V j 

Prinri^« Ciiar- i | 

Ii4ti''» Mun ISrit America . G a 

Prin<V9iiofWalci»'lM. Pulync!«ia C j 

Princciis Royal .|lii. Orrj^on 'IVr. . . 1> c 



Priiirc William V Ld. 
Prince WiiliamV I. 
IVinr.. VViUiain'* So. 
Pr.Wni. Henry *«i. 
Principt; Kcgvntc T. 

Pnpri T. 

Pri«rcnd T. 

Prutina T. 

Probtfclicnija . . (*. 
I'rocoutfivskava . T. 

Promo .'...T. 

Propria 1\ 

Prr«kuroy T. 

PrvMloy I. 

Pruiizana T. 

Pruvidt'HCc I. 

PfDvidt'noc I. 

Prmidcuco Cy. 

pM«iJvnrc 1'. 



Ilril. AniiTica . 1' a 
Piilyncsia . . . . A j 
North Aini-rica (' U 

Pulynt'sia ( ' j 

Brazil J i 

Si.kin S g 

Tiirkt'y N d 

Turkfy N d 

Asi.itir KuM>ia. T a 
Awiatir Kiwitia. T c 

liirmali S ^ 

Brazil J i 

Ku!*(iiiL N d 

Russia P b 

Ru!««i.i X c 

Anstrabsiii • . • A' ^ 

MnluyKia (' h 

Rhridr Inland.. lid 
BrtL Aiiirnra . K c 
Ibhania^ (' f 



Providence I'li. 

Pru%idfncc Rks liidijii Ot^can ..Pi 

Pn>%-idcnre L. Brit. America .'H b 

Piu« tti^nca Wrrck Kk. KaHli-rn Sei. . . if 

Procidentia Sh. Aiihtrala.'>ia .... V' j 

Prune !• Madagascar. • • F j 

PruMia Km. Kurope No 

Prath T. Russia N d 

Prypeta R. Ruwia N c 

Pdiof atJ. Pr. Rti9i>ia N c 

Pskov (*y. Rii.4!<ia N c 

P.vclic i. Pcrhirin (iiilf . . >' f 



PUtlciiieiU T. 

Paachan T. 

Padiva I. 



Rarca S c 

Chili in 

All^trala^ia .... X k 



Puclche* Tr. Patii^iinia Urn 

PiKTco R. Mexico "F e 






Pocsortok C. 

■ U2Vt ••••••••■t.« 

Pnj^t a ..•••••• No. 

Palicat T. 

Piilmt-ruU I. 

Pulu Anna 'I. 

PuJo Raniack.. .|l. 
Polo ISiriting . . .'I. 
Puio BouCon. ... I. 
Po< I Brala I. 



lirceiiland .... J b 
Nortli America ;( ■ c 
Orcgnii Tor ... Dd 
llindoo^tan ... Re 

Naplcfl M d 

■Polynesi.i .V h 

.Malayf<i.t S h 

Mulnrnia S h 

.^Ir. oV .Mm! icra S h 
Malayan S>a . . T li 



Titam 4>r i 



kg. 



Piilo BraiMr . . . . 
Pnio C'ainba .. . . 

Palo C'ap.itf 

Pulo Curo 

Piilu Cuiidorv .. . 

Pulo Laiit 

Fiilo Lin(;in .. . . 

Pulo Loziii 

Pulo Mankap .. . 
Pulo Maricre . . . 
Pulo Miiitaon.. . 

Pulo Nyas 

Pnlo Ouro 

Pulo Fanjdn{v.. . 
Pulo Pinang. . . . 
Puin Rondo . . . . 
Pulo S:i{iata . . . . 

Pulo Taya 

Pulo Tiinoii ... . 

Pulo I'bi 

Pulo I'bi, Faiiic . 

Pulo Way 

Puna 

Punilla 

Pnujaub 

Punjirour 

Puno 

1 uno 

Punta du 'I'uro .. 

Pucl.in(*o 

Purrxll 

l^urdicN 

Purdy'H 

Purojj 

Purt'iitory 

Purilicaocao. . . . 

Purncuk 

I u r ii ....•.•••. 

Purus 

Piittcn 

Pultu-ik.. ..... 

Piitu Mavo 

m 

Putzii; 

Puiila 

PuzuUtka 

Pyhajiicki 

P\ hcd 

Pybtaarttf 

Pyramid 

PyrenrcR 

Pyrcni'*rt 

Pvtkova 



lUi« 



I. 

I. 

1. 

I. 

U. 

1. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

Rk. 

I. 

I. 

I. 

r. 
I. 
I. 
I. 
'I. 
I. 
I. 

'l)is. 
T. 
Dvp 
Cv. 

T. 
iiav 
U' 
I. 
iT. 
Bay 
IT. 

't. 



haitica. 



• • t • • 



Malaysia 
Malaynia . . . . 
j Malayan Sea . 
■(•ult* ot' Si.tiii 
.Malayan Si'a . 
Malaysia . . . . 
Malayiiia . . . 
Malayan Sea . 
Malaysia . . . . 
iPolyiieifia. . . . 
: Malay bia . . . . 
j.MaLiyaia 
.■\Hia .... 



85 

Ret 



Sh 
L'i 
Sh 
S h 
Th 
Ti 
Si 
Sh 
Ti 
L'h 
Si 
h 



• • . • iK h 



Malaysia 

Str. of Malacca 

' Malaysia 

Malayan Sea . . 
China Sea 



. ... I A 



Sh 
Sh 
Sh 
Th 



Quadr.i F. 

Ijiialaii |I. 

Quail all U.ittuo . T. 

Qiialo T. 

Qualocn I. 

Quail ^ tan K* -T. 

QuarkiMi I. 

Q'j:irnll< rs Tr. 



.Malayan Sra ..'S h 
(■ult'ot'Siaui.. S h 
('ulf of Siani. . S h 

IVIalayHia S h 

h^]uador G i 

Chili ;IM 

ilindoofttan . . . ,Q o 
JkdouchtHtiin.. .'Q f 
South Peru ... if j 
South Peru... .Ill j 

Chili |lll 

RusHia N b 

Brit America ..F a 

New Hulland.. Vi 

'Auxtrolafia .. . .jV i 

, Bcl(XKlii«tan . .V f 

PatajTonia |G m 

Crueru.-iy 1 1 1 

riindnostan . . . IR f 

Russia N b 

Brazil Hi 

Hindoodtan . . . Q f 

Poland Nc 

'I-I<]uadur Hi 

Russia ^N c 

T.. Rus!«ia jN b 

riar Rumia 'o b 

T. Russia iNb 

T. New Zealand.. 1X1 

jl. Polynesia lA k j 

'Rk. V.I)icmcn'sLd.|Vm 

'Mt«. Kuro{ic M d 

Mttf. South America II j 
Mt. Rusrtia P b 

* )rep)n T»t. ... I) d 

Polynesia W h 

Sniiiiitr:i S h 

Scii('|r.-)iiibia. I . Kg 

Norway N b 

Binnali jS f 

Swedi'M S U 

Rril. Amtriea . I) b 



I. 

R. 
T. 
T. 
R. 
T. 



66 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



ttamts uf nacct, fcc. 



Quebec 



CUm. 



routMM. 



ReC. 



Siuum cf Huh, kc 



Cla» 



Quccliucabi . . > . 

Quedu • 

Qucdal 



C'y . Fjower Canada . , II d 



1^4 



Vul. 'i'utaguiiia . . . . !H iii 

T. I Malaya ;S h 

Pt k-hili jllin 

Quecii Adda idu^u' Arc. Putaguuia . . . . jil u 
Queen Adclaidu*B I | 

Kaii;r(.> Mts.;Rrit. America .'F b 

! Queen Anno*H . . KJ. kireeuUnd . . . . |I b 
QucenCliarlutte'K Arc.! AuMtralrihia • • • X j 

QueenC;iiarlolU'*sj I. ]( )re^n Ter 1 L) c 

Queen CiiarlutteV So. New Zealand. . .X m 
Queen (.Miarlotte*^ So. ;( Oregon Ter. . . 'D c 

Queeii*H C - lirit. America . ,G b 

Quti-ling ICy. ]ciiina "T f 

Quclpacrt ;l. Corea Vc 

Qucreturo SL Mexico jK t' 

Qucrclaro Cy. Mexico -Ft' 

Queriniba 'Cty.| Africa C) j 

' Queriniba ...... Ih. .Mozamliiciue . . O j 

Qucsneirs R. '< )regon 'IVr. . . . D c 

Quibaxe jT. Mateniba N j 



Uacuar.-li 'T. ;. Mexico 

Radaek CJiain . . [is. Polync&ia 

Kaduma Is. | Madagascar. . . 

liadauia MUi. Mad tgastcar . . . 

KadinauMo I. Sweden 



Norway 

PoUiid 



Quibdo ,T. 

Quibo I. 

i Quickjock 'i\ 

j Quick inee T. 

I Quilca T. 

Quiliinan R. 



New («renada . ii h 

.Vew Grenada . (* h 

!Sweden ....... .N b 

jHiruiah S g 

South Peru 11 j 



Chili 



III 



Quillimanc ..... T. |.Mo%ambii]ue . . O j 

Quillota T. Chili HI 

Quiloa Cty.'Africa O i 

Quiloa T. iQuiloa U i 

Quiluii Sta. iiindooiitan . . . R h 

Qniinbumby. . . . T. | Africa N j 

Quimiter T. 'France I' d 

Quina -T. •( Vmgu N i 

Quinrcy T. 'Illtnoirt F e 

Quindrj'.iga ..... I. j^IaU-mba N i 

', Quint^finU'L .... T. i'ttw^n N i 

; Quinlion |T. .Cochin Ciiiiu . T g 

i Quintio :T. ,Urazil I i 

: Qui Parle ;L. ;\Viseun^in Ter. F d 

! Quipungo |T. j.Vfriea 'N j 

! QuiriKjn I. jNewlliundland. I e 

I QuiMirnaAigo . . . R. 'Africa O i 

, QuiMKiUia Pr. 'R<-n«;ui-Ia M i 

Quiti-ve T. 

(jiiito Cy*' 

.Quilla 'I. 

I Qui'/.ung-t R. 

' Quoin 1. 



Rnduu ;I. 

Radoni T. 

Rridstock 'Bay Krit. America . 

Rufllcs Po. jNrw Holland . . 

Rafl R. !llrit America . 

Rages 'P. Bolivia 

Kagusa Cy. | Austria 

Raiatea 'i. Polyiieiiia 

Rainy L. iNortit America 

Rrtiny Lake . . . .;Di«. BriL America . 

Raivaivui I. iPolynctsia 

Rajamundry . . . . T. |llindoustan . . . 

Rajemal T. 'HindooKtan . . . 

liajuur T. ^Hindooatan . . . 

Kaj]Njor T. Ilindoofitan . . . 

RuJ|KK»tana Pr. Hindoovtan . . . 

Rakkeriak V. ;BriL America . 

Raleigh (*v. jNortli C'arolimi 

Raleigh Alt. ,BriL America . 

Ralfigirn Pk. iGuiana 

Raliek Chain ... 1^. jPolyiieiiia 

Ralnianow C-. 

Ranialt ;T. 

Ramos C 

Ranicda C 

Runigur T. 

Ramier I. 

Ramleah .Mt 

Ram|MM)ra T. 

Ramnx'. I. 

Ranai I. 

Rani'adur I. 

RaiM.igua 'P. 



Rane- 



T. 



ScghalJen 

Arabia 

llindootftaa . . . 

Barca 

Hinduostan . . . 
|We»t Indies.. . 

'.Arabia 

Ilinduoatan . . . 

Birmaii 

Sandwich la. . . 
jiruribbi-an Sea. 
Chili .. 
Swidi n 



• • » ■ 



I 



Quiirra . 
Qunrri.. 

Raah ■ . . 
R-ihao . 
R.ll.:t( . . 
R.ihh.1 .. 
R;ir-i i . . 
Rai'i-iMii 
Rari' . . . 
R.it'li'iv , 



. R. 
.T. 

'T 

■ a 

. :'J'. 

. 1 v. 

. r'. 
. r. 

. Fk. 
. r. 

. r. 



Mozambique . . <> j 

'l'I(|u;idiir G i 

Dahonu y .M h 

Mo/.amfiiiiue . . O j 
B.1V of Iji'iigal. S h 

Afriia M g 

.Siudan .Mi; 

! 

.Au-tria .\ d 

Vnliii Of 

Miiri't III Ij I" 

S>iuil.ni M ji 

A-ii.iIsi" "I'lirk" y • * r 
Wi-.nui'oiii '\\ r. F il 
\' wl->iiii<II mil. i il 
Piii.ir.il .N •■ 



X ..... ... . 

Rung.imatly . . . . 'J'. !Ilinduu»lan . . . 

Raiiga/vuk 'P. .Maduzahcar. . . 

Panglicehixj .... T. New Ifiealaud. . 

R.ingoon 1. iBirnuh 

Ranicr .Mt. .Oregon Tir. . . 

Rankin*3 In. Brit Ann rioa . 

Ranul I. ,Puly nt ma 

Raout.in Bay '.ViiiaUr Ruwia. 

Rapa I. |Piilymiiia 

Ra{itiIi)\>kiM:. . . . T. 



Rapprn L. 

Raratita I. 

Rarntoi^na I. 

Rum al (mjI C. 

Rasat 1*. 

Ra-* A"i«M».id .... C. 

Ra* Ai\ai:i C. 

Ras H:. iiii.i ('. 

R.'L- 1 1 Ai!i T. 

Rat (I .li<.i<! ....(*. 

Ha" (iilla i*. 

Ra*. Iii-n »• .... T. 



.iitialic KuMia. 

Sw(*den 

Polynenia 

Piilvm>ia 

.\rabi.k 

i'ltarcii 

-VTiei 

\jan 

Africa 

..\«'iatK" Turkey 

Nubia 

Arnl'M 

■ miri^*la • ■ •• a ■ V 



Lc 

Xh 

^} 

Pj 

Nc 

M t 

Nc 

Fa 

Lj 
Gc 

Uj 

Nd 

Bj 

Fd 

Fd 

Ck 

R; 

Rf 

Qe 

Qf 
Ub 
Ge 
Hb 
Hb 
Xb 
Ve 
Pf 

•> c 
Rf 

"J 
Of 

Rf 

Bf 

HI 
Nb 
Sf 
Pk 
XI 

Sf 

1)4 

Fb 
Ak 
Xb 

Ck 

Qb 
Nb 
Bk 

Bj 

m 

Ne 

Ph 
Ph 

ile 
Of 
V( 



kWH 



(tJNSrLTING INDEX. 



»7 



t^ 



MM .4 llMi^ *C 
■ ll-llilUll . . . ■ 

I JilUh 

* MiLitR'r . . . . 

* Mai'tiiTVL'b . 
« Muchjat. . . 
4 KiToan . . . . 

»3>y{i>iur 

I 'I'anhnra . . . 

* I'i KtiyU-.. . 
I l'iiibc4 . . . . 
I 



I>WIM. 



.1 



>• 



c. 
i'. 



, Africa. 

Ar.kliia 

•Ajaii .. 



inhiii Slip I . . . 
Jit^iii-j 

ia«Uin 

itiaiiv»M 

ikwAC 

jiiiii 

rcc 

rcn 

bxniia 

ira 

irmn ilrad . . . 

r» 

irn|iurc 

tmtiii 

mchina 

l\ ..'.'..v.'.'.'. 

ilcjo 

tpcr 

iriKij) 

MICHlM> 

'hfrrhc > i/l' tlir i 

:if 

.'ivati'iii 



Arabid 

Arabia 

'Arabii 

T. Tartary 

1'. 'Aribia 

I • .\imi • • • • • • • 

Africa 

1 >n-i;tiii Ti r. . . 

iThilK t 

Srorrshv*» I«<i* 

w 

I'rii!isi.i 

Havana 

Iri-I.inii 

Kurilc UlaiiiU. 

Kii^-ia 

IliiidtNrtlaii • • • 

l'<»Iyin>ia 

luly 

Auxtria 



i:. 
U. 

I. 
T. 

<J 

f. 

I. 

r. 

K. 

r. 

T. 
T. 
L. 
L\ 

K. 

r. 
r. 

K. 

I. 

|{. 

w 

I. 

'I. 

I. 



riilaiul 

•n.iu I 

.N<-wfi>ijmil.tii«i. 

Java 

Illlllill•^^taIl • • • 

HiriM 

A^iati^ Uit^nia. 

France 

Hrn/il 

(«ii.t(-iii.il.i . . • . 
rdlyiH-Mi.L 

,l*filyiir««ia 

Niirwiv 



I 

I 

I 

1 

i 

I 

1 

I 

I 

i iKxr . 
1 Il.-a.l . 
I Kiiifc 
I Like . 
londo . . 
lo!i<iu . . 

lout k 3 It' 
I K.\.T. 
I K'M'.'i . 

I Suui . 



un 

■an 

i^l'i 

'IlL-VaJiHil' 



Arc Australasia .. . . 

C. ( *a|M' ( 'nil my . . 

i. l*f)Ui)f>ia 

Sa Africa 

MLi Maii.ii;ni<r;ir .. . 

K. rnil(<l St..tfx. . 

K. WiHi iiiisii) 'IVr. 

l'*k. TrxuH 

Fk MiK.-«4»uri 'I'l r. . 

|j. \ViM't)u»iii 'I'rr. 

I*, Bril. Aini-rit- » . 

rt. New Hull nil!.. 

R. hrit. Aiiicrira . 

i\ (iriN iil.kiifl . . . < 

K. Hril. AiiKTii J . 

Ho. Krit. Aiiu ni.'a . 

I. (iallain^^its ■ . . . 

.Mt PataiT'iiiia .... 

T. A«tiatii: Riii»i.i. 

Din. Hrit. Ann r.ca . 

!•. Hrit. Aiiirru'a . 

Ills. Hrava 

I. Japan 

T. i 'ahul 

T. Hra7.i! 

I. \i>rw3V 



i:d 

Ko 
Ka 
Nc 
M d 
Kb 
\Vd 
.\ h 

Wh 

:vid 

Nc 
Kc 
I d 
Ti 

in* 

N V 

\u 

LA 
Jj 

111 

»J 

.\a 
l" 1 
N 1 

I' J 

Fc 

Fd 
Fc 
FH 
Fd 
Fc 
Tk 
i:c 

I a 
l)b 
Fr 

i:h 

II III 
i)d 
Fd 
Kb 
tih 
Vd 

i i 
.Va 



of rtim,a<. 



i{i id 

Held 

leikunricii ... . 

\ii ikiaviij; 

){iiii iK'cr 

Kcin l>ccr 

[tcin iX-ur 

Reliance 

KcnirditM 

(ftintll 

licniiell 

U-iincir* 

Iieiineli*a 

{I'nnca 

Ri'iniblirHii 

{epulsc 

Ke|iulM.' 

l{i <}U«.-na 

{cfiiua 

\\i Aaiiti • • • • • « ■ ■ ■ 
^ I ^^ ■ V •■•■«■••* 

[ji'iilid 

lit i<oli]tiiin 

[{dsulutinli . ... 

{cMtlutiiiii 

!<i-i<ulutiun 

(rliiiiu 

\ii tinu 

I{fttcnb< nk 

fi'Uiiiua 

IC.vil IS. 

iv\t\ 

{ivilla 

ivviil.ieitredii. . . 

I«i vi!ia{;i^'cdij. . . 
I , ■ 

^Cvl ■■■.•...■• 

{•■wall 

{hu. 

!!hrKir ("•land .. . 

(hodi'A 

«lii«nc 

I{iivbiiiiik 

{liyNk 

tiaha 

fuUk 

|{|.i7.iiie . . . .Ti.'*. 
{iazaite 

ilifi'M' 

|{ica di Oro . . . . 
lira i!' riata. . . 

ie-iri.H * 

ifxlHini 

iif 'l*n ii.ir's*. . . 

iriiiirdst* 

ichard-*' 

lehardruiii 

ichurili><jir]i . . . 

ii'lie 

i' Iniuiiid 



'■--' "-»• jEL 

R. ( >rcg<*ii 'i\ r.. . . K d 

llay ItriL America . II d 

i\ lc«-laiid Kb 

T. lecluiid Kb 

I. S|iiislMTp-ii ... -N' a 

In. lint Aiiienra . l* b 

I«d. ."^piUiU'r^'i II . . . Mb 

Ft. Ilrit. AiiKTira . K b 

T. New (aren'ada . II It 

.Mt. Rril. .\iiienea . I) b 

i'. .RriL Aim r 104 . F a 

1. Auytralaxi.i .... \V j 

Su. < )re{;iiii Tcr. . . U c 

T. France L d 

Fk. MitMiiiri 'IVr. . F d 

liav RriL America . i* b 

li.iy New S. Walcrt . V k 

T. S|Miii It c 

I. FulyneMia (' j 

T. Syria *^' c 

T. Sweden .^i b 

I'v. IVwia I'e 

w 

I. I'liiyiiesia ..... (' j 

I. HriL Aiiienea . It b 

_ 

I. .XuNtralania .... W in 

Ft. RriL AnuTiL-a . II b 

I. I'andia .\ i' 

T. New (■ri-n.ida .. ( • li 

i>iff. (in-enland .... la 

I. Indian Ocean . I* k 

l*r. Ru!<^il .N c 

1 y. Ru.^Kia S c 

T. Mcxifi) F f 

I*. N. Parifi.- i»c. . KjF 

1. North Anil nca 1) c • 

T. Riisnia Or 

T. ]liiidi«ist-iii ... R f 

I. Nf-w (ireiLiila . <i h 

S. MB!a\Ma "* ii 

St. (nili'd State*. . II d 

I. .Mcditirraii. S a N c 

R. Fran, e .M il 

T. Ri]s>ia ( t •' 

T. Rn<«M.i < I c 

T. Mnni^olia '(* d 

T. Itiu»Ma < ) c 

I'r. Rus!ti:i Or 

Cy. RuKM.i Or 

'!'. Ikiiiiiark Mr 

T. AKMtie Rti^xii. S a 

I. riilyni-»ia X f 

I. i*itlyni'-<i.i \ p 

'I'r. .Mi!«Miii:i 'l\ i. . F d 

T. ••<nrijri <• c 

I. PntMLfiinia .... M n 

liiy lint. Ami rn a . <* b 

1. Ilrit. .■\mtr;i-a . D b 

<*ii. Rut. .\nii rn-.i . 1' b 

Ray Rrit. Ann rir.i .Kb 

C'. Ni w (iiiiiiea . . V* i 

Cy. Virjrini.t CS e 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



KiiUiiif.". lU 

Ri.l-r T. 

Ripiohitia T. 

RiPiibi T. 

Kifa <>. Kama 

Bi^'a <•■ ]tuw<ii ,... 

Rii-liy Ibf llrit. Aiiurii 



MaLivan Si -3 . . S li 

Arabia PjT 

Uuwb Oc 

Knwia 'X e 



Riuinik \'. 

Hiiwt,; U. 

Ritikiiipiiig T. 

rVilo' '.'.'. li 
Rill ik< bi H.icli> '■'. 
Ri»riu uriiLla.. K. 
RixCrundc .... T. 



|{u»M Ob 

lli-nrii;.rk Mp 

Ji}«u V d 

M.xi.-o Kc 

NrwCnimd.!. Hi; 
K.11II1 Aiiirtini I I 



.V.T 



ruiiik'iIiiSu) I'r. Ilniii 



■ Ik 



«Ajn--.'irk 
. lb,,(..«AyKMi.in k 

llrull Ji 

. Ilrawl Jit 

.S-.-H Ur. 11 uln . II e 

Hniil n i 

.Hi 
- Ill 



iiil . . 



:i ruj > 

il T. .\ 

K.M<'1><h|-> ... Iby II 

i..k,- H. > 



t,. ■ci.-l "r-«. "|t 



Rocky '1. 'MiU-rm I' 1 

Riwky ntv {.Bhrailiir I c 

Rocky IjJ IBriLAnniM . i: I 

Kockr Sb!<. Mal>T^ T 1 

Rock> I'L l!f«wZ«Unil.. \b 

KurJir UtK.Vwlli AiKtin 1'. c 

. N Rnckj- MDiiul>in'lln, 'UriL Anurici . I> r 
. N c Ropkf MoiiDLlin Ilu, :UriL Aiiiirica . K c 
.'Vc Rorky .Mountain' I . 

. P a Indians Tr, Brit. Ani>.-riea . D c 

. Njr ' Roilbor 'T'. Cshiil (j e 

. y a Riiddii T. .\r.bia V g 

. Bk ' RikIc Fd. |i«-hnd 'Kb 



. V r 



. Ihy S.-K- H.,ll;jid.. C. 
. !.■]. rlgiilfbiTt:. n ...'.U 1 
H. nW Ilulliind. . V • 



liuj!uiii;uada I- Fur 

HiikvlK' R. S('iM-ati>nb». . . 

Rnkol Ilk. AlUiiliR I hxMn 

RobfJ Kk. Atlanlie I Icvan 

R<iiiiii 'I. MaUf »ii 

iitiiii^imK T. I'vrii 

Roinum? t'. Snilli {'anJiua 

R<HiiBn !T. Turki-y 

RiHii:iiiiloii T. Bolivia 

H-imwiT T. KifiU 

ItoTiiaiio *'■ FIoridR 

HriiiinnwiiT ('. Japan 

Il..iiiiiiib.!r v.. \orlh A(w-rtri 

Polj-ni'i 



RimlTi 



t)' >lt. Nnrlh Amrrira 4 

V Pu. Mnin. 'l 

V. MnnlHwHwia ..I 

i'y. lUlv ! 

T. -Nri VMk....* 

. d.- t 1 

.11HW... I. Indian (Vran ..4 

Po. (ini-nland 1 _ 

I'r. TurkrT N d 



. , . Ml. Ilril. AniTi.' 



ii!!lU".'!;: 



f 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



RoBirr. . . . 
R»l«1a . . 
KUH 

KUH 

ko«-i.... 



Soar»bT'-M..!Ka 
Erjpl........C>o 

Lower Cinula. )l d 



Hriu America . (• a 
llriU America . R ■ 
Aaatrmluia .-Vi j 



jUuoUnt^pUnd Pr. RiMnia ^ 

I Kulluid 'ti. BijarBsnnl.'s 

Rultium ]T. '■=-* ■ 

'RutM-huck !t. 



.1. Pol/Miii 

• 1. Spiubcrgin . . 



RiBilui: .... 
B«T>i; . . . . 

RMt.« 

Rotlcrdam . 
Riiluniab .. 
R-HKH 



R'lwlry'i. 



..l. I.«irudBD 1.1m . M b 

. . Cr. lAn.l,i. Pr 

..\T. |M«kkntiui|r..Me 

..fr. Ru»i. ....... oc 

..'1. ;Xor«.y Mb 

..]. 'Md.ifHa Vi 

.Xr. IIuIIuhI Mc 

..:l IPiJrtiniB Xj 

..'Cy .Vnnce Md 

..C iA»bu H( 

..Pr. ^Aiijliv 'nukryOe 

..I. Lp.il)'ii.r..i> X j 

..tL Vap- Vtrd 11 . Kg 

,.\l. jldbndor I c 

..J. KuriktIilu>d>..Wd 

..;r. iRimui Xb 

l.Vorw.j Na 



..IT. 



.M»ieci!! 



Bruil 

Sdbul T. Tripoli 

Kabi V- AiaoBfia 

SbbiB Ctj- Africa 

ihbia R. .MoiambiqiK . . 

Sabine V. North Amriiu 

Saliinc !•• kipcrnknd 



Sabinr 



..It. jR 

..Sha.'A 



.PL 



BriL A 



.!!. iPoljnc 



Ruxn C raaicioiuln* .. . 

H..yal Po. JamiiKa 

Rnjal iPo- ll^oiitii I. '«ialui* , 

R'.val Ba<r Ulc <.r<i«<E-> 

Rufal ^ liuliuiUun. 

RnyalCompaDj'iJ. ISauUn'm ItrrAi 
Uuftb, . ' 



Ruitui . . 

Rnfiu . . '. 
Ru:!<n... 
Rarnwil 
Rum.. 



. I. F<iynr 



.1. 



.1. 



Afticj Oi 

.■Ur-rS-WaJn.VI 



.Pruwia Ne 

IScntljnd I, 

Rum R. IWiiiruiwiii ■ . . . F d 

Rum !I- Bril. Amrriea . K b 

Rumbr JMLAIhra Mh 

RuiD Krj I«- <llahamaii Gt 

Riiniior (^ N'rw Zealand. . X 1 

RuiiEIHrr T. !llind.«iUn...Rf 

RuMTimtWat(T.;R. | MinMiii Tir. . P d 

Rountr IT. Ku<.ia N b 

Ropindo 'Vtj.] \frira N k 

Raprrt |R. Ilrit. Aiuciiea ■ il e 

RiTpcrl River ...|Du. 
Rupert Rircr ...jllo. 

Ruprrt*! Cr. 

Rorulu 1. 

«""« Pi- 

9* 



Sable 

Satoun ..... 
' ^bnumky . . 

Sabno 

Sacaliiiclkn . 

SacalilT .... 

Sachaiiiiie 

Sacharna 

I KickLll'a Ilir. . 

jSackira 

I Sicraiarnta — 

Sacramcnlo . . . 

Sin 

Sadadi-a 



..t^ NnraScolU... 

..('. .Fluriaa 

..C. lA<iali<; RiMaia. 

, . PL i'l'artary 

,.T. j.Wlrj I 

. .T. 'AM.iticRuaua.j 

.. I. [MalavMa ... . 

. . T. iMcii™ 

.. R. !.M3d>ifai>ciir... 

.. 1>. iNoti Z.'mbla. . 

. T. lAHilicRuuia., 

,.T. -ScwYork.... 

..T. ^Sutulan < 

R. IsiMi.". 

IV. 'Wi. 

T. Siiwiranibia .. .1 

r. »ilaT.ia .... 

I. Mglnyan Sea . 

Pl i^inliFrgcn .. 



:!!;ll 



,1. 



Kadra*.. 

Sareick Ray I. 

Safr liar i^nituhi'ritrn . . 

Sathe T. MoniFfg.. 

Saben.. ~ " 

S.i)rara«'>da ....;lhy I 



RtiL Aim 
P.riyiit>ia 



Sajtjni 



■I5'> 



Mtfhie*D 

I.owcr (^nada. 
.Xfrica 



90 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Names of Pactii ke. 



nMti.]ii. 



Ltta. 



. Sahul Sli. Mabj-Bia V '} 

I Said T. Syria ( ) c 

; Saidubad T. (irtat Uucliaria Q u 

I Sailor*^ Horn . . . C Dt'iiiiiark M c 

Saiiiia jL. IliHsia N b 

■ St. AiiTiian I. Australasia .... W j 

St. AluHsiuiidro . . I. pDlyiiCHia V t' 

! St Amani 'T. Hrazil II 

' St Ainnru 'T. Jirnzil J j 

Sl Anibrt>sio ... I. S. I*ai:itic Uc. . (■ k 

St. Andri-i i .... I. Asi.itic Riismu. S a 

: St. Andrew ....<'. jMadajfascar .. . O j 

I St. Andww's . . . T. |X. Brunswick .lid 

I St. Andre w'ji ... I. jCariblK-an Sea. (J ^ 

! St. Andrew*^ . . . Ih. irolyncttia V h 

j St Andrew's . . . Hay Hi)rida Ci c 

j St. Anjri-lo T. L'ru/jii ly Ik 

I St Anisia (*. Asiatic RuMsia. V a 

; St Ann L' Hrit. America . O d 

I St Anna T. Bolivia II j 



St Anna T. 

St Anna 'I'* 

St Anna T. 

St Anna .1. 

St Anne 'I'. 



IVilivia I k 

Hrazil I j 

Hrazil I j 

Hrnzil I J 

Lower (*an:ida. II d 



St Annc'ii Hav Nova Ztinbia .. Q n 

St. Antiiuny . . . . (\ jAnibia ( > ^ 

St Anthony .... PalN Wiscdnsin Tcr. V d 

St Antico I. Sardinia M c 

St Antuinc T. r«owcT C'an:.da. II d 

St Antonio ....('. ( 'nba H f 

St. Antonio (\ Huenos Ayn's . I 1 

St Antonio I. <'a|H; Vi rd l.s. . K (j 

St Antonio I**». I'at.-ii^'ini.i 

St Antonio Ills. PatnLnniii 

St Antonii>J.ivita T. Viiiryurli 
i St. Au!;n.-tin. . . . <'. 
St. AuL'ustin. ... I. 
St Anijii'tini'. • . Cy 
St. Anirustinr. . . (.'. 
St Aii!;nstini>. . . I*. 



Hra/.d .... 
I\ilyiii--i.i . 

ritiri'l.i .. . 
MitK.'iii.'W) 
ffubr-idtir . 



St. Au;;nstini;'s . Bay M.id !iffiM".ir. ..Ok 
St Barbara T. Vnii'/iicla .... II h 



St B-irbira C. 

St B.irn.-tbo .... I. 
I St. Birtlioi.iinra. I. 

St. Hartfioloiiii \v I. 
j St Bjrti.l'iinv ... J*o. 
, St B.irtoj(i!iK-o ..I. 



. St Il« ni djfto 
St B«.-iiito .. . 
I St Vr rnardii. 

;St BI.I.H 

! St. Hr.iiiiiiMi . 

St. Hrii-iiK . . . 

St C '.jr'""* . . 
!St Cirl..!* «1. 

r-i'iV ..... 
i .'sf. ( '.ifliniiMi' 
St. (M'lifji.i- 
St. C '..I;.' Ti'.n 



I. 
H. 

r. 



. . Kkx Indian On-.m . Q j 

. . . T. Kr.'iin c* r. d 

...('>'. ( 'Mil II 111 

Ja. 

. . . F. Hr-i/.t Ik 

. . . !*•». 'ill il.!ll ll.l . . . <■ L' 

• . . ( ■ 1 iii^'i •! 1 



. . . II ni 
. . . II in 

... lib 
... .1 i 
. . V f 

... rb 

. . . I r 



<ii>iiiiM I b 

PmIvi;! sia V jj 

.\u^tr.il.i«>i:i .... V i 

\Vr*.t Iuilii>. . . II IJ 

Ml .xii'o K I* 

l'ii|\ iifiia ... . W i» 
N. l*aci:ir t K*. . K ij 

.At'rif'a .M b 

Hr.i/il J i 

riofida <■ t* 



H 



ofrtuMiJu. cu«. 



Lmm. 



C. 



r. 



Brit America . 

Miwouri 

Wcat Indict. . . 
Indian Uccaxi . 
New Grenada.. 
. Au«trul.-i»<ia .... 
Brit America . 
Ohio 



Polynesia 

Bourbon laic . . 
Patagonia 

I ^ 
Equador. 



I 



St ('athcrinu . . 
St Charles .... 
St CbriMto|ibt'r. . I. 
St Cbrititoiiber. . I. 
St. Cbrisluval .. . T. 
St (■brihto\aI ... 1. 
^t * 'lair . . . . • • . v>« 
St. ClairiiviUo . . . T. 

St. (..Mara Uk^ Madagaitear. . . 

St. Clementc. . . . \'ol. Pataj^onia . . ■ . 

St Croix I. iWeat Indien. . . 

St. Croix K. Wiscoiiiiu Tcr. 

St (*yprian\s . . . U. Azanaga 

St I)avid*M i. 

St Deniri T. 

St Dicffo C. 

St. I)ii'j;r>duGiia-' 

nuH T. 

St I)r>min^(i .... Cy. iljyti 

St. iKiniiufro ....('. .Mcxieo 

St Klena T. Buenos Avrca . 

St Klena Pt Sfiain ...'.... 

.St. Klena Pt PatjjfonU 

St. Klena Pt F>]uador 

St. KbaN Mt. Brit America . 

St. Klniu 1. Polyncffia 

St KKprit ...... I. Malayan Sea . . 

St Ksprit Bk. .Malayan Sia . . 

St I'^t.'ie.i C. Spain 

St KuMtatins ... 1. 

St. Faileia I. 

St FtlijH: T. 

St. F« li|nr T. 

.StFcb|»odeB«rn. ' 

giiel.1 Cy. Ben^ucla 

St. Felix 1\ Brazil . ...... 

St Fi-lix C. .MndapaMrar. . . 

St Felix I. S. Paeific Oc. . 

St. Filix Is. S. Pacitie Ck-. .. 

St Fern.iiiilo . . . T. VeiicziKda 

St Fern:int!o . . . T. 
St Fi rnnndo . . . T. 
St. Fcriiaiiilo . . . T. 
St. Fi rnando dc 



c 



VVeKt Indies. . . 
Aiiiatic Uu>Ma. 

V. mil •• ■ • a • • • ■ 
Buenos Arrcs . 



F 

iin 
Wj 
lib 

(; a 

Pk 
lim 

"? 
Fd 

K f 

Ch 

Pk 

II n 

lib 

He 

E|- 
I 1 
he 
Hm 

<; i 

Cb 
C k 
Th 
Te 
Ld 
"ir 

Sa 

III 
Ik 



\*rnezuela .... 
Kquador 



la Selv.i T. 

^«f. r nj I . 

.•^t FraiM i.-* C. 

.**t. Fraiieis C. 

St Frani I"* I. 

St. Fr .inei'* ..... H. 
St rraiu-it .... \t. 
St Franrisi'o ... T. 
St Fraiii"i-«"ti . . . 'r. 
.•^t I'r.iiiij.i o . . . ('. 
St Fr.iiu i*««» ... I. 
St. Fr.itici^eo ... I, 



% lllll •■••■«•■ ■ 

Guiana 

Caji»' C«>l<»iiy . . 

Ijibradf>r 

.\uiitral:iHia . . . 

.\rk<in«aN 

I^ower (.'anada. 

Brazil 

Beni;u<'1a 

I^]n-idor 

.Mi-\i« o 

Britzil 

Brazil 



Si, I'r.iiiri-cfi ... |{, 

.•^1. 1'r iiir>. nlltr'Ji t'v. CruuUJiV 

St. I'rHiii !•■ I d- 

AtH'iii':i ■ . . . Cy. Bdbtia . 



Ml 

I)' 

Ok 

t;k 

Gk 

iih 
lib 
111 

Hi 

Hk 

1 h 

Ic 

ri 

Fr 
Hd 

Jj 

Mj 

<;h 

Kf 
Ik 

It 



St tl.llll -M > 



ll 



i't. New Gr« nada 



Hk 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



■|Kl 



St. FraiKwvillc.-T. 



SLl^viav** 



■I- life"" -Jj 

.1. kwRO 'Kl 

. Rij l*aU|roii» 'llii 

.<'. KIM.U '•Id 

.(*. 'Srw Zealand. .Wi 
. T. Stm lin-iiulu . II ji 
.Ihy Vrwt:.iiniliii»l. Id 
uut. I ll 



St Juin . 
SL Juan . . 
St. Ju:in . 



. . L'h. Otrul liritain .. I. < 
..tlL AibtrAUkia.... Wi 
■ . I. Nonti Amenca A c 
. . H. ^U.(<mU II III 

.. ■■ lAaiaUi'KuwB.ria 
..'Ujjl-sin-l'.ilnny . . .\ I 

St. Ilrk-iw 1. jSaullwniOaMl.j 

Si. tKlcii'a ML F»n irw, Trr. .. I»d 

!i. Hi-riumcc Jda PL Uiu-iu* A>-n.-a . I I 

•I. leiurio T. 'E-pudtir Hi 

-I. lldiriHiM.... U Pjti|.'»i>M ■■■■ I'n 

'U liH-a *.'. I^tapu.U Iln 

S1.J4JU T. JVni lij 

Si. Ji|->> T. St. J ipi K K 

.<i. Jifa I. I'jji.' V,-rd I.. . K K 

i. Juiiri IX ('Mnbudia T li 

St, Jaiuri t'. UfvipHi IVr.. . . I> c 

.'l''l. SriH'XUiilu ... K If 
.'VU Otvc'l 



» Ih^i 



■ I. 



.New Grenada . 

I'liIjOMia 

. tiuak'iitali .. . 

Stw lift'm'ii* 
I'ulynciua 






V,i 



SlJ> 
St. Ji 
S(.Ji 
KLKlld4.. 



di^jM^wnT. 

t'lua I. .Mixk") . 
. . . . T. frai.™ . 

I'u. ■■al«;:Mii 

SuullMld 



S1.K..V( 
St. I.aiii 
St. 1^« 
SI. J^«< 



I 



■r. HiW 



. I. Indian <.kvuii . 
. Ibf Aiialicliuoii. Ab 



St. Jiurhim . . . . iT. 
. T. 

S;. Joan dri ttcj il'. 
Si.J.iaodDl>ilina'r. 

SLJiwguirn T. 

SI. Juaijuim ....T. 
Sl. Xunnim .... K. 

■•t.J.,\m I". 

t. J.din (*. 

St.J.,11 



....tin 

I k . 

Jk 

li 



SLliwcnM R. 

St. tjarnm I. 

SI. Irfiuu I'r. 

St. I*.ni (V. 

St. Lonii T. 

SI.I-«i* 1: 

St. i«nU IL 



Srni-i;ainliii 
lljyl 



II I>1i.nd..llTi iSt. Liir 



. I.. I^nrr 
.11. Afri.-. 



luda. lid 



. I. \\\\tt Indi 



SL J»lill'K 

SI.J.,lin-i 

SLj,Jlli\ 

.•<l. J.din'a 

SL J.Jin'i 

St, John'* 

!4. J.>lni'« 

SI.J.W 

St.J.« 

St JuK lie .Majr- 

S-- J.w'J^'m' 

il.J.«lJ,.... 

St. J.«-pli.... 
.s.. J.,.,,1,. . . . 

:.su Juwiiii.... 

SLj.«{iti.... 



N. llniiiMirkk . lid 
T. NVH'r>.iind|ji,d. I d 
iliv V,>wr.<'indldDd. I e 
lt.iySp>i.t>Te-n...M ■ 

1. Vl\>t ir<...IlE 

R. .V liruiiiwick . 11 d 



Unxil .. . 



iSt. Liiria H. 

!si.Lii"ii T. 

St. I^ii.1 T. 

St. .^U^w• T. 

St. XUni;iii» .. . T. 

St. .UjrL-ariU... >. 

fit. M-irU Mum T. 

SLMurt'* T. 

SL Martin 1. 

9*. Martin I. 

SL Minin'i . . . . PL 



Wmi Indi.-« .. 
[tape Vird 1.. 



T. iVcni'iuila . 

•■ I 

.T. |Hr>tn 

.T IWida 

. I**!, tkoritambia 

. I. llndiin 1I.V.11 

.-I.. ,ltril. Anuric 

.Pi. .H..rid4.... 



rea"il"> 



-Uf 






-. St. Mm'. 
! St. SlarV'* 
. St. Slarv'* 
. Si. Mar>'« 



jr Xcirlbiaiidhnd ■ I 

Madagascar ... I 
Mada|taKa(...iPi 
Idbradur . . '* - 



^ 



9d 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Nabm of PUen,ta. 



ClM. , ftiUl 



Sl Matiico |1. Polyncfia 

SL MdlJiccw .... ;T. Uruzil 

SL Miitliiaa Hay Putiigonia 

St Mittlicw .• > . I. Bay of ik-ii^TuI. 

St. Maura 'I. 

St Maurice ... .R. 

St. Michaul C. 

St Michael \L 

St ^Itchaers .. .Bay Labrador 

St Michacrii . . . Bk. Indian Ocean . 

SL Mi;;;ui:I jT. Guutemaia . . . . 

St Mij^ucl ;T. Equadur 

St Miyud T. Brazil 

T. 

T. 

T. 



Ionian Wlcs .. . 
Ixjwcr ( 'anuda . 

;Labrador 

Azores 



St. Mijjruel 

St Negid 

St Nicholas .... 

St NicoIuA 1 1. 

St Patrick *fl Ild.C. 

St Paul iT. 

St Paul 



jl. 

St Paul |l. 

St. Paul do Loando Cy. Angola 
St Puulo dc Oil- 

venco 

St PauP* 



Paraguay 

P^quailor 

Ilayti 

Ca|)c Vord Is. . 
V. Dicnicii*HLd. 
Bourbon Inland 
Atlantic Ocean 
North America 



T. Brazil 

C. Patac^nuia . . . . 

St Paul's [C, DahoMU y 

St. PuuPt I. North America 

St Paul** I. 

St Paul's I. 

St. Paul's L 

St Paul's ;R. 

St Pedro .... 



RrL 
Uti. 

vT 
Jj 

II m 

Sh 

So 

lid 

Ic 

Kc 

Ic 

Pi 

II i 
Ik 
Ik 
Hi 

Kg 
Vm 

Pk 

Kh 

Be 

Mi 



KUBM flf PtaSM,ftC. 



CbM. 



St Sebastian . . . <J. 

St. Sebastian . . . C 

St Sebantian . . . |C. 

St Sebastian . . . C 



Awl 



Spain 

Patagonia . . 

.Mozanibiiue 

Oregon 'I'tr. 






St Scliastian . . . jBay Capo Colony 



r'l 



'I 

• . . |S. 

'Is. 
T. 



St Sebastian 
St ScboHtian 
St Stephen's 

St Susairs jls. 

St Tliaddeus . . . jC. 
St Thomas .... T. 
St Thomas .... I. 
St. Thomas' .... I* 

SL Thome T. 

St 'l*)iome K.'. 

St. Tomas fi. 



Brazil 



.Md 

II n 
.Ok 
.:l)d 

.XI 
.!l k 
.!lln^ 



Oili 

!Alabama ;(* t- 

Ba^ of Bengal . S jr 
Asiatic Kurii«ia.'X h 
I^wcr Canada. 11 d 
jWest Indies. • . II g 

Africa M h 

Bucntjs Avrcs . I k 
Brazil...:.... J k 
Polynesia |V i- 



St Ubcs Cy. Portugal L c 



Polynei>i:i . ... 

Indian Ocean .. 

(f. St Lawrence 

Air*ea ........ 

1'. Bueiitm Ay res . 
I. Atlantic Ocean 



ncNU 






St. Pedro 

St Pedro I. Polv 

St Pedro |R. Guinea 

St. Pedro del Rey.T. Brazil. 
St Pedro du No.! 

lascu |T. Brazil . 

St Pedro do Kio| i 

Grando Cy. Brazil 

StPcrts 'L ' ~ 

St Peter L. 

St Peter' ;T. 

StPitiT's \VL 

St Peter's IR. 

St. Petersburg 17 Pr. 

St Petersburg . . Cy. Russia .... 

St Phillip C. KiilkLind Is 

St Pierre T. 

St Pierre I. 

.St Piorre L 

.St Pii'lrii I. 

St Roman C. 

St Riique C. Braril 

St Rii'pic jBk. Sijuth Arnrrica 



N. PaciHe Oc. . 
liOwer (Canada. 
G. St Lawrencc- 
y\isi:itic Russia. 
Wi:4ronsin Ter. 

RuSr=i:i 



.M.irtiniquo.. . . 

Polyiie^ii 

Indi.in Ocean.. 

Sardinia 

Vcnc zucU 



St B«Mci Bk. 



St Kdvadur . 
StSilvadiir 
.St Silv-idur . 
StS.iIv.ii|.ir • 

Sf. S*!ii-!i II 



. . . Cy. 

■ • 5>- 

... 1 . 

• • . la 

• • . I I . 



Polyni.'fcia. 
Brazil . . . . 
Cifnfi. . . . 
Brt/il . . . . 
llahiMUM . 
Sji.iifj .... 



Hi 
Hn 

Mh 
Ac 

Ej 
Kl 

H d 

Lh 

II 

Kh 

A fir 
Lh 

1} 
I i 



II 

Fg 
Hd 
lid 
Uc 
Fd 
Xc 
Oc 
In 

"g 
Ag 

Pi 

Mc 

Hg 

Ji 

Ji 

v'tr 
Jj 

N i 
J k 

<; f 

r. d 



St Ui».t 1. 

St Vincent T. 

St. Vincent C. 

St Vincent C. 

St Vincent C. 

St Vincent iL 



Scotland jL c 

Brazil |l k 

Portugal ;L e 

Falkland In... .!I u 

Patagoni.i II n 

'West Indiei. . . ;H g 



r 



St. Vincent Is. Cape Verd Is. .!K g 

St Xavier !T. Equadur ,il i 

St. Xuvier 1. Patagonia H i:> 

St. Yncs I. Mexico .K e 

Saintes T. 'France .M d 

Stintes is. ^VVcKt Indiea. . . II g 

Sakharia R. Asiatic I'urkey < ) c 

Sakmarskaia . . . T. Asiatic Ru^bia. P e 

SakUlU T. Africa ( > u 

Sal ;i. C:apo Vcrd I.i. . ;K g 

Sol :L. Sooiigaria R u 

Sill L. .Brit America . F c 

Sill K. : Asiatic Russia . < M 

Salaeoila 1'. Soudan L g 

Saladillo R. Buenos Ayrcs . I 1 

Saladu R. Mexico K e 

Salado :R. Buenus Ayrcs . .11 k 

Salado R. Chili ;ll k 

.Sulaki T. Nubia Of 

Salamanca Cy. Spain .'L d 

Salamanca i. Mcxiro F f 

Salam.inea T. .Mexico <■ g 

Salanga I. Siani S n 

S.'ilangore T. Malaya S h 

Salas y GuMiez. . :I. S. Pacific Oc. . K k 

SaUian Pt Borneo T i 

Salayrr I. M.ilaynia ,(' i 

Sulddnha JLiy (^ape 'Colony . . N 1 



Saldeitha iT. 



S ili% 

Siilrm 

S.ileni 



it: 



Salem 



T. 



Brazil .... J i 

Mortieco I« r 

MllMUJChUiiCttA. lid 

New JkTm'x ... (» p 

'Cai«e Coloiiy ..XI 

IfindtMMton ...Kg 



Saloncii Pt Ftfiiadiir (■ i 

Salerno k.*y. Xapi<'S ....... M d 

LUMiia..P r 



.-Niicrnri IV y. .>api<'s . . 

S.jK' Trou |[I\ Ilayti . . . 

Sjji.iii jl*. iAi>iatie R 



COrMUI.TlNG INDEX. 




9ua AunatiB. ■ 
fha tbAm... 
9ma Bvbum. . . 



lunBiBlomS. 

AuiCatali«....'l. 
D Ctthenu . . IPr. 



Nan SoXU .. . II d 

Aatalic RiiMii. K 

\nhia ... 

'. QtHl Dueiaria Q • 

T NMtfa America {A C 

^*^ "'Sl'g 

!Wj™....,.]Aj 

':iu 

..R 

Ju 

Turkt-jOd 

Ambk Or 

Peru '"■ 

LiHeiKo 

'. Thii 



Cr. |<ll>i( 

\r. iNar^-.. ~- 

T. lUpprrCuuda-IUd 

oanaoicn C Ncw&Walei."' 

Sandwich Bay'UbnduT . . 

h HarlAfiiro 

Sandwieli ,Ld. iSoalhprn Ck«ui K 

Sandwich I. 'Aoalnluia.. 

Sindoich la. '>. Pacific Oo. . 

ibndy IBiTlNpir ZcaUnd. . 

Sandy Bay ; Micliijran IC d 

SaiHly C New 6. K'alfB . |W h 

Sandy 1>». Buma Ayrca 

Hindy 'D».'Mi:xico 

Sandy Ilk. New Jcnry... 

Sandy I. Indian Uccau 

Sandy I. Anatralaaia .. . 

Sandy I. iPolyncaia .. .. 

Sandy I. Indian Uccin.. 

Samly.. 
SoDdy .. 
Sandy .. 

San frjipo T. Mexico , 

San Colipe T. Brtiil . 

San Fellpa da I 

Aintin T. 

San Fcnianda . . T. 

. T. 

.Bay Mexico.. 

. Bay Mciieo .. 

Saniia T. Swcdni _ 

8«i|n BL IJapan \V 4 

Baa Gabriel . . . . T. Mexico >£ ■ 

Bansallui I. ilVni GJ_ 

San^u C Japao 

Sangara ClyjAlrica 

San ticrlnidii . . T. |M>iica 

Banccxnaa T. ,Pniil ...'■■. -it j 

Sanipxilioa T. A>ial« RwaU. R h 

SanguKT I. IMalariia ■ < 

Saoipriii T. iLibetia.... 

Banho iT. Conia 

Banlubet |Va Mexico.... 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



SinU Fe. 



in Ja^ ' 

Uurrai 
San J<«u 

Sun Ju«! 

JSun Ja<D lie Pimu'T. 



. llii.riio> Aj-reii . II 1 
Mcxito |Ki 

Cuba. 



a Fc 

Santa Fv 

, Santa Fs 

Saiiln.faa 

Hunla Maria... 
Sinta Maria... 
tiantu Martha- . 



Santa 



uiita Uat 



SuM rliinpoo. 
Sia Liiiii 

3>Dl.lliH 



I .'in 



Dunncii Avns 

. ... Thibul ;R, 

. Pr. ;Buciinii Aymi .'ill 
. T. {.Uoxico JFT 



Ran l.ui<i Olnipo T. 

Su I.nu Pnlmii-ISt 
Kin Iaiin Hi 
San Jiarin . 
San M-iiinn 

Sui :tli(rwi 



Santa Riwa. 

SantiG 

SanTrren. 

»m Thoniar 

Snntiiifio . ■ ■ 

Santiago ^. 

.Sauliago \T. 

SanliacD .■ - 
..''i.nliat'o.,. 
I Santiago del R*- 



Kan Mii 



San iriu""'! . 



..It. !i 



llu"noa AjTca 

caiu 

New tirrnada ■ 
New (iicnadi 



Flvida.. 
Mciko.. 
Omju .. 






it-1.. 



.T. 



' Sitnns 



...IK. Oregon Tcr.. 

...fr. SunihaTa .... 
...Str. Mal'.rm .... 



rikmll'i - -- -- 
S)nSalriilur...|T. 

Annfaurlinj |T. 

Santitaialina..'!. 
SanuChri-.tianajIa. 

Sitnlal'rux Cy. 

HinUfnii IT" 

iftMii-iut T. 

..|T. 

Ranlirru. 'T. 

ftanlatrua iT. 

SanUCriii IT. 

Ifciilil'rm T. 

Santa t'riii Ilta* 

8iaUL'rui 'I. 

SantaCrui I. 

.'■"u jl- 

,r™i.i.ia 

.IV,, 



Si.Tr, 






IMrliuo -Kf 

(MlB i; f 

'Afrii-a I.g 

Caribbean K'H • ,( r (r 
l^jjyiioia . . . . <; i 

Momem f. o 

iVi<n<.'Rida 11 h 

C'apu Vi-ril la. ■ K > 
Canary l»k-... K f 

Bruil,.- I j 

llritil J J 

r.«i.«i i:k 

.Moico ,¥.•! 

AEricn .N b 

iM»ic» Kb 

Anatralaaia — X j 
I^lagonia Jlin 

"j 



.I'i'. 



■Aftir: 



i". 



Vh 



I SarnfuMJi' fV. 

KaraMn <H. Taitair 

Saribica T. Vrw Vork .. 

Sariiuv 3a.'Vr. RiiiKia 

Kimt<ir tV. RuMia 

Sarawnn T^ HL-hurhiHlan . . Q f 

Sais„..u T. Pcto jHi 

Saril>ii>.i 'Kin.IUlv- l.H ri 

.■^arcliiiia 11. '" 

Sm^ T. 

SaFt.|.la l-r. Aiijalic Ruaait.kl 4 

SareB.-wi Hn Atlantic (Waa 'J r 

Sartiuu Kk'iin>..jT. .MantHnorU .,'V i 

tnrietM. . ~ 

Sarijnan. 

Sirirr I. |AI>ii-n 'K f 



«.rp.i , 



llu. 



■ [I I 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



95 



•^Hki^te. 



IM. 
LHi. 



.1 



?(■ 



nirkHH,ftc 



SarytchciT 'Pk. Nova Kcinhla. . ' I* a 



CUm 



Sa^katchawan 
S&iikatchawan 

SaMuri 

Sitih.-! 

SiUlia 

SaUr.i 'T. 

S iti!>rrfcti(ui jl. 

Saii?ra |Bav 



I. 



Aiiatnlaiiia .. . . 



Kc 
lirit. Ainvrica . K c 

Sanliiiu {M d 

|.\jtialic Turkey O o 
AHiatir Turkry ( > e 
IlindonHtiii . . . Q ^ 
Auatrnlaiiia.. . . W j 
Aruliia P ff 



DU. ' Brit. Aiiuiira 

R. 

T. 



t'y. jMrfkli-iibur^ .. 



U 
K 
I. 



'.\r(-hip<-li;;n. . . 

Turkfy 

jBril. America . 



.^iiiU ilv St. MBry|.Str. L'p|ht 1 anada . (^ d 

.^uinin-x (\ 'lint. America . II a 

Saunik'r^ 1\ 'Nrw /*-iil ind. . X in 

SaiiridiTi 'Ik. .Falslaiid Isi.. . . II n 

Sniiiiilpnon'illopeC*. tftrri iil.iiid .... I .i 
Siva I. iMnl.ivoia ... . l- J 

I * 

Sivai I. P(*lvii«-«ia .\ j 

Siv.in !«. -Rrit. Aiiu-rica . V c 

.*«iTarinah Cy* -tvfyirci:! <■ c 

Sa«-aniiili T. illnyti II |; 

.SiTaiina la Mar. T. Jamaica (* ^ 

S4ve R. Au«trii N d 

SaT«ina IT. jS.inlinia 'M d 

S^Tonal T. Prrsia P f 

Sdvny !Cty. Kiirupo M d 

Sawarcama . . . . iK. '.Mi^wMjri Tcr. . F d 

Saxc ( nbiir^ .15.1). K ivnnany M c 

Si.ir (*iilha..l4. I). lOiTiiiaiiy M c 

!4axe Weimar 13 <«.D (■criiiaiiy .M c 

Stxrrtiv Kni.;(irrinanv .M c 

Sjvi di- Matha.. Rk. Indian tKvan.. Q j 

Sayannk Cy. I.\!ii.itic Rn^^ia. S c 

Sayiiifk Mtik A^iitic Kii<««ii. S c 

Sa yiT in. Hiv nl* Ik-n^al . S h 

>^iypan I. -Polyiioi i V (( 

Shica T. Ara!iia O t' 

Scandi-rorin T. iSvri.i O c 

Scarkyiro T. ^ KncLind L c 

Scarhnro T. 'Tulu!?!) II ^ 

Scarborough*! . . ML Potyni-«iia X h 



SchoiitCii*a . . . 
Srhwcrin .... 

Scilly 

SciHy 

?*C710 ■•■..••.. 

• HMlpliI •••« ..•.■i|. 

Scortiiby V, 

Soori'»by 'a Ho. 

Scorpttby'a Land (1y. '(frirnlniid . . 

Scotland Km. (vnat liritain 

Si:ott'N Kay -On-^'iiii Ti-r. . . ]D e 

.Sititt'a Iff. ,i)n-K<m 'IVr.. . . D c 

Scott'a Kf. ' Au!<lraLibia . . . U j 

Sciit:iri T. Ahiatic 'J'lirkev N d 

.»^-iitari T. Turki y Vn d 

Sdorovskoic . . . . T. .-Vaiatii* Uuit>ia. R a 

Sealorth (*. Srormbv'ii 1^. K a 

8i-a lfnr«c Kk. 

S«'a llursc I. 



Vi 
Mc 

tln^land jL d 

iPiilvni-hia 'R j 

N e 
Nd 
Fa 
Ka 
Ka 
■Lc 



Scarbro Sh. 

NcarriCR •...•.« Ra 

Scvpfanto I. 

SeaUri I. 

.ScpI.1 Balundo . . Pr. 

Schamer Mt 

SKiiank ..••■•••'I. 



ScheiBRiU 



T. 



SeKenectady . . . . Cy. 

Scfaplehmu ,T. 

Sehewhap -U 

Schiacha T. 

Schimahkolaa ... I. 

SchiaUm T. 

Schirinki I. 

Schiarhanareff. . Bay 

Schitka R. 

Schlimlbarf . . . T. 
. . • * ■ I > • 
L 



Hch oo m ajfina ■ • • 'la. 
SchoufenSi IL 



Malay»iii T g 

SpHfifamliia. . . L li 
ArchipcUpo .. . N e 
Cape brt'ton ..Id 

Dcncucla M j 

.\raliia O e 

Auatmlajtia . . . W i 

Auntria 'N d 

jNcw York.... lid 

Rimia P b 

Orojfon Tcr. . . E c 

Rarca N f 

Kurilr Inhmla. Wd 

ThiUl 8 f 

Korik* Inlands. W e 
North Anirrica A b 
Asiatic Ruuia. T c 

Riuaia Ob 

Pnmia N e 

Polynt'Hta W h 

North Aniprica R c 
j V. Dicnii'nV I.d. V m 



Sva IIorM I. 

Sc>a Home 1. 

8t.a Homo 1't. 

Seal L. 

Seal Ii. 

.Sial R. 

Seal U 

Sea Liunn I^ 

Sea ufAziiv . . . .! 

Si'ara Pr. 

Seara '('v. 

Scirli- i\ 

Sfbaldine I*. 

Si'haMtian ('. 

St-biittian I<o|ic«i. I. 

SehaatumVaaniiiio Ray Mciirn R f 

Si-brnirii T. .\ii>tn.i N d 

Si'bcx T. fKuitMA N e 

S* bha T. iFozzan N f 

Si'bha Rou« C 'Atfrii'ra Me 

Sc.chow (>. i'hina T f 

Scchura T. IVru G 

Serkoo R> 

Second I. 

Second Volcano . !• 



Malayma T g 

SpttiilNTifrn . . . N a 
S|iiti<lHTp'n . . . N a 
SpiislNT^rn . . . N a 
Brit. America . G b 
.\hi:itic Rusmia. V a 
Hrit. Ami rica . II c 

II«.iliriidor I e 

Rrit. America . F c 
Nov J Sri-iia ... II d 
,r4l''%I.;iiil N.. . . I n 
.^^pii-lK-rci-n . . . N a 

ltil*'Ni:i O d 

llra/il J i 

lirnzil J i 

Hri{. America . II b 
KnlKlnnil !«.... II n 
M.':«lTi:a^rar. • • P j 
Pntvni-Ma W f 



r> i 



Sedanj; T. 

Seddoii i\ 

Scdjrwirk Mt 

Scdiaifa R. 

S»'g L. 

Sp^Mldcn T. 

S-.-ger I>iii. 

Seijcr Vy. 

Scchalien Cty. 



'Litllr Thibet.. R • 
j.Madn^nHcar. ..Ok 

Polyiiesiia V f 

Borneo T b 

Grtf-nland .... la 
Brit. Anitrici . C b 

RiiM»i.i P b 

Rumia Ob 

Africa M f 

Arabia P |r . 

Arabia P f 

AMa iVc 



Seghalicn 



SealAsia Vd 



Seifhalicn Oula ' 

llolun T. 

Scpo Cy. 

Scf^nani Ja. 

.Se^uro jPr. 



I 

Manlcliooria . . U d 

.\frica 'L f 

Nnr.h America <A e 
Braiil |J j 



96 



CXJNSULTING INDEX. 



Ni 



iif FUca, he. CUm. 



Suhoan Ouiii .... Tr. 




Schwaii 

Seine 

Si*iijtun 

Scjinmeitwi 

S-jjinincsna ..... 

SCKIC. ......... 

Solboi! 

Svlcfkcii 

St'leina 

Si.-lL'iiiskiii 

^wlcntHi 

I Si'lcnti jT. 

Stlinic iSu. Atrica. 



T. 
R. 
Pr. 



Patigonia 
Siiidu . .. > 
Franco . 
Cabul . . . 

Cy. jUarbary . 

R. jUarbary . 

T. i Arabia . . 

I. 

T. 

R. 

R. 



II in 

Qf 

Aid 

Qo 

Lo 

Lo 

Of 

M b 

Oc 



Norway 

Asiatic Turkey 
Asiatic Ru*<>iii. T a 
ANirttic Russia. jT a 

Turtary |U c 

Asiatic Turki.'V ,<> c 
.....Of 

.Moii;;olia .""^ tl 

ANi.itic ltus;<i:i.;'r c 
Asiatic RusKi.i.!T c 
A^iutic RusMa.;V b 
;IIiiidooAt;m ... R f 



TS'liusn 'K. 

S.'linga R. 

S*.'lin{^iii}ik Cy. 

SycMiirh R. 

Si-llfiiiporc . . . . T. 

Si-lKviiod Bay Rrit. America . I> b 

Scmancfliia .... jT. Rra/.il ,1 i 

Sein:ir !R. AHiulic RuH?:ia. ,\\' b 

S(Mnbcwf(hcw. . . 'T. jBirmah S f 

Seml»o T. jC/oncfo IM i 

.Semcnnftiikny . . . I. ; Asiatic RusKia. U a 

Scmenov T. iRusMa jO c 

St.'incva T. jANiatic Riu<ii. P e 

Scmlaritkoc T. j Aniatic RuKbia . Q b 

Sctninolcii Tr. [Florida JG f 

Semi Oritrov .... T. Russia 'O b 

T. j.Adiatio Russia. 'R c 

T. Asiatic Rufisia.R c 

I. .Ak'outian .\rc.. X c 

I. AlcfKitian Arc. X n 



Semi Piilatyiic . . 
Semi PolotHkaya 
SeniisoiKwlHiui . . 

Scmitwh 

Scmlin 

Sena 



T. 

Gov. 

!f 



Stfna :T. Mozanibiijuu . . O j 

-nan Cy. China T f 



.Austria ^N d 

Africa 1) j 



.Se 

j Srnc|Tal Col. 'Airira !k ^ 

i Senegal M, ..S'lirt^amljia • . . !K j^ 

Senc^aiiibia .... .Cty.l Africa L ff 

Sc-njran Cy. ICbina T f 

Scnp Miaoiic .. . . I'lV. !f :iiina jT f 

j Senhora |Ray Itolivii ;ll k 

j Senjcn .1. .Vciru'ny N b 

. ScHRcmi ;R. Mnntchooria . . V c 

SenliN T. Frnnre M d 

Senna Cy, Persia IP e 

Senna T. Riiraia .\ c 

i .Scnnanr Din. Nubin fig 

Sennaar ( 'y. Nubia lO ^ 

Scnncrut I. :Gnt-nIaiid .... [I b 

I Sena 'I*. jFranrc IM d 

Senta T. Rrn'mM AyroN . [ll k 

"; Sentinel I. Rny of Ikncrul. S fr 

So.^Kiratiim Pt. Itrit. Anicrira .,!> b 

[ Seppinir"- C. Mril. Amt-rii-a . iK a 

I Seppiiiir^ C. Niiitli Anirriiai A h 

Scraj»-vi» T. Turkey N d 

Seraiiip«ire i'y. lliiidnrKlnii . . . R f 

Scrar T. ;lliii(I<Mistan . . . IR nf 




SiTcbucha C. 

Scrdobol IT. 



C, 



Scrdzo Kamcn . . 

Screana 

Scrctii 

OOawIii •■•••••■■ 

Ser^atch 

Surffbcisk 

Scriricv 

S«'r{rippe 

Sor|{ip|K; di'l llfy 
Si:riii(ra])at.in). . . 
S{;rin^apitaiii. . . 

S^-rinp^lc 

Seritz.'! 

StTJaika 

S.rl.-H 

St.Tinatta 

St-rmonijua 

S('rou;rc 

S(*rraimibini .... 

Sorranilla 

S«'rreek 

Serro Ikirimrema 
.Serro C^ubutaui.. 
Scrro Estrundo . . 
Serro Ilibiapaba 

Serroor 

SiTro Tttbatin^ra 
S'rro Truniba . . 

^l lUK ■•■!■■•■• 

ScHterfl 'li. 

Ht'-ivhmfr ...... (*y, 

St.-tecx-I I. 

.Setia T. 

Settee Ilia. 

ScttiniT Ij, 

Scniii tipar . . . . I. 

.^evantx: jl. 

Si-vantoiiol jT. 

^▼t «f 11 ■■■•■■■•• iNb 

Seven Im. 

oeven ......... is. 



RuflJiia iP b 

Ruiisii ]0 b 

Adiatic Rusfcia . | A b 
la. jCaribbcan Sea . G f 

T. lAuntria Xd 

R. iTurkcy LV d 

T. RuMia ;P c 

T. ' AMiatic Rua»ia. P c 
'J'. Asiatic Russia . P e 

Pr. Brazil 'jj 

T. Brazil J j 

Cy. llinduoatan . . . ^R g 

'^' '- A ustrBla»ia . . . . i \V i 

Scncgaiiibia ...Kg 

Asiatic Ru^ia. I.' b 

Asiatic RuKkia. ,T a 

PolvnLMa C j 

.MoLviiia L' i 

(vftcnland .... J b 

.Malaysia ,C i 

IlindiXiNtan . . . jR f 

Brazil I i 

Brazil jJ i 

Caribbean Sca.Gg 

Persia Pf 

Brazil Ui 

nk 






Sli. 

I". 

T. 

R. 

II* 
I. 

C. 

r. 
r. 

T. 
T. 

I. 

T. 

Mtrt. 

MtH.'Brazil 
.MtR. Brazil 
Mts. 

^^ 

.Mtn. 



IN 

Brazil ........ J i 

llindooatan . > • ]Q g 

Brazil J j 

.Mtj^lBrazil Ij 

r. S!»yria i> e 

Pr. [Turkey ,Nd 

jliilicria |L h 

China |T f 

PnlyncKia jWb 

I7andia [No 

.Africa iMi 

.Mi 
Fe 



Africa .... 
Brit America 

Asia 

Norway jM b 

RusKia t) d 

Ruwia |0 b 

Polynesia \\Vk 

liower Canada. :ll e 
Sloven Stones . . . RksjJan Mayen la., h m 

Severn .INs. Brit America . C5 e 

Severn \Fi. | Brit .\nicriea . <■ c 



Severn 

Severn 

Sevilla 

Si-vilU? 

.Sfyehellc . . 
Scyrhelles . 
.Svehilles . 

m 

ShalM-i* . . . 

Shark letnn C. 

.'^hadiptirc T. 

Shadrin . 



Ila <Brit Anwrica .jFe 
R. Brit America • O c 

Pt Cuba iSf 

I'y. S|»ain .'!<« 

I. Indian Ocean.. P i 

Is. Indian Ocean.. P i 

Indian Ocean.. P i 

Arabia P f 

Grii-hlahd ... .,1 a 
lliridouslan . . . Q • 



Bk. 

iT 



,T. ..Asiatic Runia. iQ e 



oomin.T[KO wittz. 



.yr. 



Mdinila 
Miaicnli 
AiulJc Knai 

Abjmii 

X 

Tr. 'AfriBi ....... iN 

IrFliad I. 

l>'MlbcraOeBau K 



:|: 



. . Pr. tUliat . 

.'(\ ^lliiiw iL'c 

.Ikr,Vc«IIuUuiil..rrk 

- ■""- \Pt 

riT«. .Fd 

- . la ^d 

Brit AmencK .fie' 

Nb 
Ar>hi> [rt 

iri Tcr. . >' a 

.'RT 

UHb Thibet.. iR a 

at™* 'Of 

Anbik lor 

UriL America ■ III b 

Africa Ujr 

Nora »C4Kia ... II d 

Alcicr* Me 

iMeiim >E f 

Nubii 'Ug 

,RBniB t) b 

Fr. China IT ■ 

SniciraiDLia . . . JL h 
N«aSoslU... lid 

rolrnni* k'j 

Umt DucluriiUs 

T. Alnn Ma 

I. ,PdjD«i> tXi 

Brit. America . F e 




Wr 




CON&ULTING INDEX. 



Sierra Viilun.. ■ Mu. 



Silcdk . . . 
Silhct . . . 
Silimpili . 



Sir Hibyi . 



Sir £d. Fdlowi 



S?~ 



>■ Untarj 

^ CU>1 

Maiilchooria . 

" ■" America 



Abyi 



"ni« Of 

[«]uia.... VI 
ic Riuu. HTb 



MlTcr Kaji . 



.'Vol. 



ElindwKtmi .. . t! f 
Muilciiooiia . . U c 
UuenciH Aym . H k 

Turkey Nd 

Turkiy N J 

Afri« t.g 

Komiu U b 

Polynesia 'X e 

" ■ -Ilf 



X Ayru . H k 



tliinbink....38. Pr. iltuMi& 

lUmbirak T. jRuiwiA 

Siiaeoc I^ a'ppcrCiiiiada . <> d 

■iiiDima T. [jVuitic ItiiMis, W ■ 

Simla X lllindaoiitui . . . R 






..\i 



Siniping' . . ■ , 
Simphcrupo). 

MimpwHi iKt. .llril. Arm lica . Mb 

Siinpnn 'R. RiiL AiiKricii . J> u 

■■ - ■ ....1. Polynwi. All 

....Ir. Pnlrnr»U Xh 

Ml Arabia U I' 

Siuahn Cy. Mexico Ef 

..!Sl. Mexico 



Bay Aiiuii 
Clcrk'a...!. IBriuA 

SirG.Coekbum'a'Biy BriL AmFrica 
'StrgDojah T. llindtfoatui . 

Sirfrunutlii T. ManKolia 

Sirhiiul T. HiudoHtan . . . 

Mir II. Martin'a . J. Potyimia .... 
.< Hirohi (>. HindooaUn . . 

Siial 'f. Mexico 

■,Hiui Bk. Mexico 

SiBlcn Ii. lAratrikngea.. 

; Sirtun. I. ;S. Pacific Ot, 

Milchcv>k T. Ruuia 

»Uk. la. North Anuria 

!«lka I. IXorth Amorjci 

Siloe i;. 

Sitomlia T. 

Siutci V..' lAaiaiie 

SiTomt R. lAnilie 

Siwxh Cy. " 



iSt 






:&'■ 



.Kb 



■ ;T. stincapon 1. .. . H h 



. .in. .JSiodc 

..IR. JKaadignr.. 
. . |C. Portu^. . . 



;;::* 



<:adiin China ..iTjt 



Siwbuli (T. {Tni^y '.•!!* 

Skijttn T. Ueomark 'Me 

. SkMfL-n <1 llcrUnd IK b 

l4kB|rfr Rack ...Sir. Dennurk IMe 

SkallyJl T. jtorluul IK k 

Hkara T. ptrrdm Mc 

Hkaw r. Denmark (Me 

NkrdilikiM iT. .\aialic Ruaia.W • 

■Hkellfil R. r 

: .Skolcllca T. j 

>f<kcoch Bay Srii. America .lOb 

i .>4kiddy-i lir. iPoltrttaia W h 

' Mkiddv> ah. Polymaii [V 

(in f aIko . . . . R. iMiamri Ter. .« 
" Not-ay.. 
It. JRaaaU... 
T. Rnaia... 



i^)'.'!'-".^ 



JKkftra 

«ky 



: Torkey 11 a | 

..Cj.itMtu Ua 

.■T. Samalra Sh 



....I. Malayaia. 

...T. |liuian> || h 

....<>. .AMalic Turkey (1 r 

.... Ml. MimtnlU Td 

....T. l.'^H'iliiTiaiid ..|M d 

...i'v. iHirvin <»r 

....;Tr. ]Wi.,^„.i„'IVf.lKd . 






l>DDn)ark . . 
Uamnark . . 
Ireland .. . . 

Hayuf Bnial-Vi 



iWU-la 

,,,.. i.vvw.s.wai*. ,rwi 

1. '.v. Pacific Oc. . lA f 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



99 



'c- 



• • • iK> 
...ilav 

m 



UrL 

Ua 



liti.... 

...ji;. 

lick .• • 



Atiatic Rumia. 

Jlrit. AiiK-Tiea .'(t b 

.MiwKjuri TiT. . K v 

lint. Aiiitrica . D b 

Hrit. AiiuricA . <■ a 

la. -Soutlii rii t )ciaii Ho 

I. Si-on*!*liv'i* l#il.- K a 

I. Niirway M b 

1\ lAfrica ;t>k 

Fk. Mi'«*mriTer...|Fo 

Pr. KiiHuia j' ) c 

4'j. UiiNMia ;(> c 

K. ,llrit. Aim ruM . II c 

i'y, \Ni.-iiii- Tiirki-y N o 

|(*. N'nrtii Aiiii ric.i II a 

Jl. il'iilyii'^M ^ fS 

jTr. ■« »rrj;oii T'-r. . . K il 

'U. I )n-{;iiii 'I'l-r. ... K il 

jl. |Nrw S. WhIi'm . V j 

I In. llrit. AiuiTii'a . F a 

LT^ii .i.Mt. -.-Vlrica N 1 

I Ft. iWiwiiiiMii Ti-r. F il 

u Tl North Aui'TK'a H v. 

I. .^ulh Sill llaiid lid 

iMlii. ( In-f^dii TiT. . . K c 

{.MtM. .Vow 2£i-a!.iiiil. . \ in 

cr( ovc i.N'urtli Aiih ncj V b 

;T. :iVma Vv 

Din. -Ilarhiry I« v 

Sta. llfTiTOii .N )( 

It, (llriL Aiii'Tira . F b 

I*. Tilly ni-i'ia H j 

I'y. .Sfiuildii .M fr 

i'y. Trijiiili N I" 

Now(irfnaila .. Ilh 
N. I*arifii: Oc. . K (^ 
Arabian Sci. • • I' j? 

Ik-ii}* Ill-la M j 

Kiissia N b 

Swcdi-n .N' b 



..U 



Silcnor \Ml 

Sul GalilHkaya .. T. 

Suliajitii T. 

Stililiaiiikk T. 

Solitary I. 

Siilo Karta T. 

Sfiloniliu 1. 

sSulonuurt In. 

Solointiii'i Arr. 

Suloinoirrt Fk. 

SiilovcUkui la. 

Sii|<m|van T. 

^^I|m •■■■■■■-•-■ Mm 

Sil Vili'JicjfoJitk T. 

Sttlway Fth. 

Siiniaiilii-4 Teix 

S>iiilM-ri le T. 

Siimliokbut T. 

SiinbrLTu I. 

Sonirr Is. 

Sniipil T. 

Siiidn* (irandf. . I. 

SindFi-vallo 'I*. 

Soiij^ari K. 

Siiii|fari < >iild ... K. 

SuHKll Soilfra ... I. 



Snil|rfiri 



T. 



n. 



T. 

I. 

I. 

T. 

T. 

T. 

iT. 

T. 

T. 



J*wi'dt'n.. . 



Nb 



'IIiiidiiiMil.in ...St' 

Norway .Mb 

i'ty. At'rira O j 

. . K. ..Mounibu^im ..Ok 

liay '.Mouiubiipic . . ;0 k 

T. INurwTiy M b 

Diii. ( Vli bi-N 'V i 

|T. .\fricii .Mo 

■c T. llindif^tan . . . R t* 

T. Arabia P f 

'T. lli*l'XK:hiiitan . . Q f 

Ilindnodtaii ... R f 



!'r 



. • ■ . ■ . 



r. j.Mantchooria . . V d 



• ■ « ■ ^'i 

:i 

....T. 
.... I. 
....I. 
.... T. 
T 



■Se|rhalicn V d 

|Polyniiiia V h 

I^UMC L f 

Auatralaiiia ... X in 
Malny«ia ... .'1' i 

PruH^id ,.N' c 

.N'orwav '.Mb 



Soiihn T. 

Sonnifuiicc T. 

Sonnivancc Kay 

Sfinora Sl 

Soiiora *r. 

SmiioiiatL' T. 

.^Hilior 'V. 

Sooka CViDj^o . . . T. 

Siinliriiana Cty- 

Sixiloo An'. 

Sorjiiio I. 

SMinf^sria i'ty 

Sour T. 

Soon » T. 

Sophia Cj. 

So|iliia '1*. 

Soponhna T. 

SoiMwhna K- 

gUirat i\ 

Sorata Mt 

Soratrhic T. 

TNirrll \ * 

SorvUtf R. 

Snroc I. 

Soroto •.!* 

SoruCnanga T. 

Sorii'lc 'T. 

Soaimola T. 

Soanovrtz I. 

8(Mnov«koc iT. 



Sosva |R. 

■' Sotliin ;!■ 

, Silo dc la Marina T. 
I Sou !T. 



'Tartary 

RuHMia 

Asiatic Riui>ii. 

RuMia 

Pdynivia 

Java 

Malay lia 

Indian ()a'jn.. 
Auntralafia . . . . 
MiwKiuri Tlt... 

Rutuiia 

Luiiiii 

'.■\uAtria 

Ru4»ia 

.SciitLnd 

.-Vtrira 

.Mi'xiro 

Cajulmdia 

WiM Indici. . . 
.■Vtliiiilic Ocvan 

Tiiib. t 

Polvnrnia 

Norway 

Mantirhooria . . 

.Manti^honria . . 

'Indinn Ocvaii.. 

.Malaya 

('iini^i 

Ih'ltKnliiHtaii . . 
Ik*l<MK:)iiMtan.. . 

Mixu'o 

.Mczit'n 

(•uattnula .. .. 
AMitic Ru]»ia. 

i 'oiigo 

.Atrica 

.Mala\Hia 

.MalavMa 

Aaia 

jArabii 

I$unialra 

iTurkrv 

RuMia 

Aiiiatic Riisoiia. 
, Asiatic Ruavia. 

Tunii 

liolivia 

Ajiiatic Ru^ia. 
V. Divine u*» I^. 
liower Canada . 

.Norway 

Mon^lia 

Mongolia 

Sweden 

RuMia 

■RuMua 

lAiiiatir Ruii»ia. 



Re 
Oc 
Tc 
Pc 

Ti 
Ti 
Qi 

!fc 
;ob 

iNd 
Pb 
Lc 
Oh 
Ff 

lie 

Isf 

I .Mb 

ird 

Ud 

Oi 

Sh 

iMl 

Qf 

Kf 

Kf 



'fii 



iAaialir Ruuia. 

Mantrhoiiria . . 

Mexico 

,Per»ia 



.Mi 

Lh 

Ih 

I'h 

Rd 

'Pf 

Sh 

Nd 

Oc 

Wc 

'Wc 

;.Me 

iVi 

Vm 
lid 
Ni 
■Sd 
-Sd 
Nb 
Nb 
Ob 
Re 
Qb 
I'd 
Ff 
.P« 



COIffllTLTINC: l^iDFX. 



Soubutiiia . . 

Sooc 

BourlitilT . . , 

Haucliow . . . 
Souchukale . 
Soudan . ■ ■ 
SandcUhoe • 
Soudocila . . 
HnuidiDul . ■ 
Soni-chow .. 
AiilklviniukK^ 



lAiU.. 



. T. lliibM 

. C. San ZcnMa . 

Cy. IJhiiia 

. . Cj. C'Jiiiu 

Aiialio RoMia 



.Cty 

.'T. AwilicKuMa.'R 



lu r Suuwl 

Od ' U.W..I 



vM 



ciiiii 



.AuBlic Kiwi I 

■ •'!» Monifcilia ..... iv u | f^iHuum 

, . Cv. Anutic RuuJD. O d | jjpaniali 

..T, Lilnfin.-.. ' ' ~ 



Suvi'1 
Sovi!n-k.....,-.T. 

HoiraUicli 'Mt 

Si^i [1>. 

^lafuicli 'Bar 

K|«m .4^y. 

SiunbcTg II. 

S|>andiiu IT. 



Sour 

Sourabaya . 



. T. A-itfie RaMii. T e 
.T. ItunU Ob 




annlh 

Siiullisinplcn ■ • 
RDUIhu>i]i'en . 
South AirjR. .. 
SouUi llraDch.. 
Soulli Rrancli.. 
Suulfi llnincli . 
Awlht'^pc.... 
KMilliC^iriJina. 
South V.uA .... 
South Kinl.... 
South l-kot .... 

itrntlliern 

Soutlu-ni AI|M . 



Soothein Tliuh' 
Amlh linvnlind 
S.wlli ILwIi . . . 
S-iuUi ll'-ok . . . 
S«ut>> \\fA . 
Siialli Njtuiiv. 
KiulliOrkiuv . 
S.m('. I'.ni.:. 



<T. Ruui 
. I.. Aniatie Riuiua. I 

. . L. Mone'ilia — ,i 
.T. Syria 

,.T. J«™ •■ 

.T. Brazil 

,.'l> Tliibrt I 

.'KijUitrnbTid ....'■\ 
, 11 SpiljilicrBBn ■ . . ' 
.Ii. l'^>EkkmdU...l 
.1. P.JviUMia " 

. 1. ;r.iiyni-»ia ' 

.1. PolynwU ' 

. .'l. lAiutrahfia ■ . . ' 
.'Fk. '.Mi<»>uriTrr. .1 
..'C 'Dril. Amnrici .1 
.'U Rril. Atnrrica .1 

.U. ItPhnd I 

. R. Dril. Amrrica .1 
H. Rrit. Aturriei .1 
llo. RriL Aiu'-rici . 1 
1-. |Nrw(':.l.d.aua': 
Xt. 'lJiiiIi-asiuU''i..'l 
Hay (fmnland ....|l 

It Llafa I< 

I-ol '.V'tt-Zrabtid..': 
Mu.NvwZi'aUiul..: 
I'cty. Aurfrah>i.i ..." 
1 1. SuiiDu'niOrrBTi'J 
I S.iudvi<-li Ul. .'I 
Cly-AularrlKtlr. .'I 
- '■ Mivn I... 1 



Sjit-I-r 



•. Sllil'.lirrin'tl ... 

I. Mal«.la ■ 



NptiUii '1 

l^xulivontn '( 

l^k ^r. 'Rnitiia . . . 

t^ik rr. 'AawlicRti 

HikilIu.t'i 'Rk. Indian l)« 

.Vcdwrll C. .Vm-4 Ztiu 

fncighfa rr. [RulMilaa . . . . I K 

MprnRT C. MtMh " ■ ^- 

SpL-nccr k'. mnl-i 

.ViicorV 'Ray'AIHa MY 

S^uccr-a IJ. New S. Wofc. .V 1 

Spire ■■■ 'MalavMi (.' i 

Spiridu Nina . . . T. 'Aiialii^ Ruwia.iR ■ 

S|iiti Dii. I.iUlu 'I'hilKt . .jR c 

Siiitiihcritrn 'I. Arrtic Chcan. Na 

sIaaticrEEn(n'ni]nia.Spiliilicrcrn .. Ma 

(^it ■*■. <h<»gonT.r.. .!l>d 

Split Vl. RriL America .jFc 

Spokaiii R. ( tnpon Trr. . K d 

ii^aii Ho. Oregon Tvr., .iKd 

i^nntU'ld T. Illinuii hit 

t^^winglii'lil T. MuBuri '(' c 

Spry y. NoraSoMia. .!lld 

Siu.llv 'l. Au>inlam... IWj 

Snuilliiv 'T. Sajilf Ln « 

Srednv K<.kni.k T. .Asiatic Ru.-^..iW b 

t^iluy SuiipKoA T. Ru'MU O c 

Sniliiy Villuuk . ('y. Aaialic RusU. l' b 
Sn'duy Yannkiii. Vs. .\iiitic Ruuia. V b 

Saida T. Japan \t 

Staa)l>i<n; ('. Irulaod Kb 

Sladl-Und I'. Korway <JI b 

Stat-taiiH j'tV. MiKHiriTrr... Fd 

Slac nil. Indiui Onrui.. P i 

St.iir \: HriL AiiirtiM . H ■ 

Stall I. Nunkn "X b 

Slamiiil- rg . .. <'. Ruaxia U « 

SUuii T. .Vuatria Xd 

.>4t„.ii.rt..V Ml. Aiujtir Ri»~ia. W b 

StimnM N*. Vtialii- Ru>ua.U( 

SlB[>iltiiii IRaT llrit. Arm lira . Kb 

Slai! [Ilk. Iiuliau (Kvan .'ilk 

S(.Mv.. l:u-.i..T. \L»^»x <lc 

Si,iiW '«'• ... <:r. I'.ilvti.'.ia B i 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



r'T. jAwiicKiuui 
'.fr. '\f\Mtie llunii 

.rr. Kuw. 

.|Pl LiTUifiton . . . 
.{r. raURunii --■ 
.11. Kuriki Uluul. 
. )Ik. tirvenUnd ... 



8lil«rt K. 



■ ,IT. IXnrMj .. 

...I. )-:utHii Sea. . . 

..|l-. '.VeHrHtJIuJ. 

..jT. VaprCtioaj . 



'ittd,. 



. I'm 



lIwii.. 
iJwi*.. 

!T. lAiBlria 

' WUcr. R. MwHuri Tlt. 

m |t>- P" 

ft' .Ml 



Rum 



SV. jUbirii 

..jl. !A-i.li<s„ 

..T. {PruBJa... 

..lie. lOriLAniPr 

..jCr. MiBwuri.. 
..lUn-'Aniei.... 

..'L. ISwHicn... 

..|I- tj-edcn... 

. .T. ISorwav •. 

..'I. " 



;;i;: 



. .iBar V.Uiemrn' 

..;T. ■Pnatia... 

'.'.>fk,j SV-wlLJiand.. 
. .'R, '.\i«lic Ku" 
,.:T. MccklriiLur 
, . n«y Japnn 



Util. Aaiuria 
Wiitembure . 
AftiM 






darkawiilick.. 

See*r Idsr..., 

Saeu Loaf 

■toiek 



If» 

Sorth America 

Hruil 

KiroB lilinda . 



:3t 
3i 

ri 

Pi 

f5 



Hialchooria . . 
lint. AiiU'Tica . 

lAoilnlMia... 
itt-Ilvlena... 

Manlehoiria . 
A>i*lic Kuuia 

BrJivia 

[tn«iitind . . ■ 



Suirn 

Saliinaiiii. . . 
Sullapilti . . 

Sulpbui. 

i«o1|4iiir 

Sulunii • . ■ 

Solwi '■'.'■'..■ 
Nim»iatK . 



Sumbava 

.Sjnibliul|iare • 

Rumxchu 

!4an4*aD 

ttenda 



-jI. P»ly« 

.)l. iPUMrinSea. . 

.]T. ;Pcr.ia.. 

.1l>L Afiii-a.. 

.'Un-IJitJ* BucliviaB 

. R. '.Mciim — 

. I. MaUjii* . 

.iT. \fita 

. T. Somban . 

. I. MtUj>u. 

..T. llM..I>i»lAn 

. I. Kurilc Miadi. 

-T. PrnU.. 
.Mr. .Mala^ab 

.'Ii. Malayru 

■ rJvr ■ 



',} 



.1. ■t-\n 

. T. I\..nray 



Mm 



d«n T. SwhIpii 

dnwald T. SarHcn 

. ^1 d I Kanllnwrr IL .Miniuippi 

niuMlmi - . . T. R-uuit 

■rior lb N'brth Anrriea C _ 

II t-j. llindwtan ...HIT 

ifn T. .Miiidania L' li 

wgo III. .Ualay^u . 




CONSULTING INDEX. 



Siis.1 

Su.«oos |Tr. 

Suii^x -I. 

Suiwcx 'L. 



rohtioa. 



'11 
liiniM .. 



Lcte. 



Lf 
Mc 

Africa I* f 

Scnc'TAinbia . . . T h 
llrit Ainorina . li b 
Brit. AiiKTica 



Num c-f rucrvi kr. 



aam. 



I Sussex 1 1 far New S. WuJes 



iSutl.Mre 'R. 

Siittou Mill .Ij. 

I Sventziana :T. 

i Si'iatui C 



jffiiidixMtan . . 
JBrit. Aiih-ri<:a 

iRusKta 

iRiiiMi.i 1* c 

;Rum«ia I' b 



Kb 
Wi 

a c 

Nc 



Darfiir S g 

Indian Ocf.'an.. U i 



S/isakit R. 

T:ilialak ....... T. 

T.'ibarra '1*. 



Mmi^utia S c 

■ .ANiatic Rus!(ia. V b 
TuniM Me 



Tobrctz t'y. 

Tubua ''1. 

'rabiinrinanu . . .'J. 
Tabiini *!. 

T. 

T. 



ftetk«. 



Irf. 



Tabiicana . . 
Tftcai 



• •••■• 



Pcr»ia 

lirazil 

l*oiync8ia 

I'olyncsia 

(■ualeinalt .. . . 
Asiatic Russia. 

PoIviiCtfja 

XuLia 

Orcjfwi Tcr. .. 



j Sviatoi C. ).\Riatic Ruttsia. V a 

Sviatoi (*. Ruiioia Oh 

Svilainskoy 'T. -ANialiR Russia . !(' b 

Svinoe L. Russia 'Ob 

Svinoo. 'l. [Farciu Islands.. I^ b 

SwainH I. jS. Pacific Uc. . K n 

i Swampy N. |('a«i{ii ni S(>:i . . . P H 

I Swampy P(. Rueuus A yrcs ..HI 

Swampy Lake . . Ho. RriL Aini-rica . F c 

Swan I. Falkland In... . H n 

Swan Ho. Rrit. Ainf.rifa . F c 

Swan River .... 1)\a. Rrit. .Vnifri'' i . F c 
.<wan River .... Cot. New IluII.iiirf . . T 1 

Swan's I. 'Caribbean St a. <» ?: 

Swcaraii Cy, Morocco I< e 

[ Sweden Km.' I']uro{x: N b 

Sweden Div.-Swedon M b 

■ Swedes Is. I Polynesia V h 



Tacanova il. 

Tucazzc JR. 

'J'acoulclic TvsM'. R. 

Tadnior 'Rnit Syria 

Tadsonjr T. Thibet 

Tafi 1 Iter;; .Mt. Spitvborgcn . . . 

Tnfilcll 'I\ liarbary 

Tafilttlt R. liarbary 

Taf^rii 1. Pulyncaia. . . . . 

Tafran^rn<; Cy. Ru^ia 

Tagan Tola .... Stc. Mongolia 

Ta^'loc Bay iMindanao 

Ta^ijiilla I. Nortli America 

Tagua _Cly. Africi 



Taenia Cy. Africa 

'I'aguira !T. Tripoli 

'i'.n^ura Tr. Mantchooria . . 

liij^iis 'R. Sfiain 



Sweini T. 

Swin*.i H!c. 

Swit7A*rIand .... Rr-p ' Miiroiie M d 

j Syanu 'I. ;Polynej.ia L' h 

Sydniy T. C-iiiie Hrrton I. H d 

Sylt L IX'iiMiark .M c 

Sylti; Vijj C 'Norwriy O a 

Sylvi s T. Hr;i/il ........ I i 

Svraciisc <'v. 'Sjeilv X e 

Syria ( *ty. Asia O c 

Syri-in T. ' flirniali S |r 

Szccini-M Pr. -Cliini T c 

Szcffi-din T. I Austria N d 

Szcredna R. .Aiiiatic Rui<flia. V b 



Tabaa L 

Tahiti L 

Tahr^jra L 

Tabuata L 

I aiiia I • 

Tni-chow Cy. 

Taiijonos '('. 



Polynesia 

Polynmia 

Sandwich Li.. . 

Polynckia 

^yria ........ 

China 

Asiatic RiiKsia. 



Tainiour Prni .\sittttc Russia. 



Tiiirioura ...... R. 

Taimourskava .. Bay 
Tuiniourskni . . . L. 

Tainotskoi C- 

Taiptin Cy. 



.^sialic Russia. 
.\<iiatic Rui«>ia. 
.Asiatic Rus^U. 
A.»iatic Rusaia. 
('hina 



Taipinjj t'y 

Tairt!ii]:;htin .... R* 

'I'ailonp iy. 

Tiiit.sin;j Cy. 

Taiwan < *y. 

Tai-yutn Cy. 



Ta!iiRi*i» St. ''Mi'xiro F If Takbni:i R. 



'I'liblsCfi T. 

Tabu'-oiir R. 

TaliiliiiL'a T. 



, Mrxic«» y K 

iMaiiff^hiHjria . . T d 



lv}U:td 



«>r 



Hi 



TabK: Riy jf«abrid'*r I c* 

T:i1ilr Ray } ':i|»»' Co!i»ny ..XI 

'l'.ib!i' C. \i'W i^-'il.':iid. . X 1 

Tribli" I. Piilviii-«i I A j 

Tibb: Mt. 'Mri'nt.h.H.rii . . V il 

\frirM M f* 

Pi»lyii«-.i.i V j 

. . Pi. •iiiin»M r. II 

. T. , Si HI. I 111 M II 



Tai-pin^ Cy. China 

China 

Tartarv 

China*. 

China 

Formosa 

China 

Russia 

jXubia 

jJuiKin 

'Malaysia ... . 
'Asiutie Ruj«ia. 
'Mitnc^^lia . . . . 

CamlMKlia 

.\«iat:c Russia. 

Chin 1 

CilfMrii . . . . 
\ls»ur«« 



ajay . . . 

Taka 

;raka 

Takiinjj IV'steys 



T. 

ni«. 

T. 
I. 



T. 

T. 
T. 



A«»KI •«•«««•■■■ 

Tak.ni.':c» 

Taknkti."Ui:i. . . . 

TakfNi <*y. 

T.ikiM* T. 

T.ik-iul T. 



1 -I'll HI I . 

Tib'totlibiii) 1. 

Tii?niii 

Tibr.i 



TiikuiM . ...... '1*. Rusmm ....... 

Tal I R, jTartary 

Tii!<ibu < \ Cck'lh's 

T.il.irbii K'ir:i . . T. Mont^olia 

T.il ivi'M T. IS'Kiin 

Tallf'l * '. Ni w IfMilanJ. . 



IPe 

J J 

«J 
Ca 

<'^ 

Tb 

Xj 

^«^ 
Dc 

Oc 

Sc 

Na 

Lc 

Le 

XlT 

Od 

Sd 
l-h 
Ac 

.Me 

Uc 
Lc 

Ck 

Bf 
'Ci 
Or 
*Te 
We 
Sa 
Sa 
Sa 
Sa 
Wb 
I'f 
Te 
Tf 
Pd 
Sd 
Sc 

vc 

T« 
»Pc 

Vt 
Vi 
Vb 
Sd 
Th 
'Ab 
Te 
kll 
.Me 
Ne 
Qd 

ri 

Sd 
Le 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



102 



n^ 



CI 



I 



T4l« T. 

Takahtuiia liiy 

T«Icotui Vil. 

TakoiiDt Tr. 

T-!i «)■. 

i allf ••.••••••• ■• 

TaJighan T. 

T«llatiaMi>c . • . . ^V- 

Xakivka K. 

Talum'a I- 

T«nu 'K. 

Tamalma T. 

Taiiiarida T. 

Tamatavc T. 

Tamaulipoa .... ^t< 
Tainautipaa . . . . T. 

Tainbclan ■ 1^ 

Tanibci *r. 

Tanibobamba . . . T. 
Tambookicf .... Tr. 
Tamboo . . . .36. Pr. 

TamboT r^r. 

Tamcoaa 1 • 

Tanihou R- 

Tamiai^ua 'I^ 

I Tampa Bay 
Tainpico T. 
Tamuchy R' 

Tana I. 

Tana I- 

Tana 'R* 

Tarn 'R> 

Tananarirou . . . (*y< 
Tanao-aima .... !• 
Tanaaaerim . . . . T. 

Tandaff T. 

TaniUr H. 

Tandih T. 

Tancga-niiiia ... I. 

Tan|^a T. 

Taoralle T. 

Tangia jT. 

Tangier 'T. 

Tan^ra jC'y. 

Tan, ong Da to . . <*• 
Tan King Samtur'i^ 

Tanion? T. 

Tanker fong . . ■ . T. 

TankiaM) K. 

Tanna I. 

Tannaa T. 

Tanacy R. 

Tantaiein I. 

TanUmane T. 

• BOS ■■■••■■■•■ !• 

Tairfchiien T. 

Taoor K. 

Taooinflka lUy 

Taoainskf li T. 

TapajfM K. 

Tapajitf ;Tr. 



Chili .. . 
Chili ... 
Oregon Ti'T. 



HI 

II I 
Do 



(>n';;iin Tcr.. . . U c 

China Sf 

.\trira h f 

TarUry |Q c 

t'Uiriila <« o 

Ajiiatic Kiwttia. W b 



i 



riilynfNi.i 



Xh 



'PiiUt So 

Afrira N f 

Sore )tra T g 

.Madaj^aiicar .. . P j 

.Mciieo Ft' 

Mexico F f 

.Matay»i;A T h 

Prru G i 

South Pom . . .il j 

(■affraria N 1 

Kuwiin <> c 

.Ruw^ia O c 

I.ittlf Biicharia K d 
Mantrhooria . . C d 

.Mexico V i' 

Florida G f 

.Mexico Ft' 

Bolivia II j 

Norwo y N a 

North America A c 

RiiPffia N h 

Aiiialic KiUi<ia. V c 
Mad.i|raM*.ir. • • P J 
FM-iilcrn S('3 ... V f 

Siam S ^ 

.Mindanao 'L' h 

lliicntw .\yreit . I 1 
Hindi KM tiin ■ . . R i' 

Japan I' c 

Zin(;ui-bar . . . . O i 

Ovhm R h 

Arabia Of 

i.MoriKcu I« c 

Africa I« h 

iBiirm*o T h 

;(VU»itTi T i 

lliiidiio9>tan . . . R g 

ThiUt S ! 

Afrira L g 

AuHtralnRia . . . X j 

Swf>di>ii Mb 

MiMniiri TtT... K d 

.Milaya S h 

Madaga*ii*ar. . • P j 

Mexico Re 

Corra Co 

.Aniatir. Rii»!«ia. W h 
Asiatic Riintia.iW c 
Aniatic Kii«!*ia. W b 

Brazil I i 

South America l i 



Tapi 

Tapicatay 

TapiM 

Tappanouly . . . . 

Tuptec 

Taquari 

Tai^uari 

rp 

M Ai B ■•■•««••■• 

Tara 

Taracapa 

Taramaiidi 

Taranto 

Taranio 

Taraptil 

l*aras 

Tarbc ........ . 

Tarchiiiakoi . . . . 

1 Aitrl •■ •■ •••■•• 

TarcnidHong.. . . 

Tarifo 

Tarija 

Taritzin 

Tarku 

I anna 

Tama 

Tamopol 

Tamow 

Tarnowitz 

Taroucyomdaou . 

Tarquin 

Tarragona 

TamuM 

TarUry 

Tartary 

TaM*n[iot 

Tashkent 

Taxman ia 

Tsfutiiiiiiton 

T.lMWI-ll 

TaswclpK 

T.ltlt! 

Tatr'n 

Tatong 

TatU 

Tattah 

Taiiag 

Tauakrke 

Taiideny 

Tatinu 

TaiiM 

T.tur.1 

Tdiirida ... .A I . 

Tauru4 

Tivai PfM*nanioo 

Tavaslehua 

Ta%'da 

Tavdinnk 

Tiivolara 

r|« 

J iiVf ly ....... . 

Tavciy • 



I 

fr!~IC<irca . 
U. jBraxU. 
R. 

r 

>R. 
R. 
R. 
T. 
R. 
T. 
I. 



r. 



I i 

iPrru Hi 

jSuniatra j.S h 

lllindiiotitan . . .JQ f 

Brazil 'l i 

Brazil 'Ik 

'.Vaiatic Rumia. Q c 
Aniatir Ruwia.lQ c 



South Peru. ... Ilk 

Brazil Ik 

T. iNaplca N d 

G. jNapk*s N c 

R* '.Viiatic RuMiia. \V b 

T. Tartary JQ d 

T. France JM d 

T. - Asiatic Runvia.jT c 

L. Mongolia 'T d 

R* Mungnha .... jT d 
T. IIindoo»tan ...Si' 
T. Cochin China . IT e 

T. Bolivia [IIr 

T. Ruwia '<) d 

T. Asiatic Rujwia.'P d 

T. Peru ii) 

T. Sweden |\ b 

T. Kuaaia |Nd 

T. Austria |N c 

T. Pnmsia !\ c 

I. Thibet jRe 

I. Polynexia \\\ 

T. Spain 

T. Asiatic TurkeyM) c 

(^y. Asia |Qd 

<•. Mantchooria . . ' V d 

T. Russia iN c 

Tartarv Q d 

.\ustra1asia ... . =V n 



I.Md 



T. 

I. 

Cv. 

1-'. 

1. 

1. 

I. 

R. 

T. 

.T. 

1. 

1. 

T. 

T. 



IkNitin R f 

Polynesia X i 

Polyiieiiia X i 

PolyncHia U h 

Australania • . . V i 

Ciirea C e 

Siwe I, f 

Sinde Q f 

..North .\meririi A c 

.Crhbes ,Ti 

lAfrica 'L f 

Birmah |S g 

R. Artiatic Riuwia . -.S c 
1. S^indwich N...|ll f 

Pr. RuMia tO d 

Mis. .\>iatir Turk* y ;i > e 
I. .N'i-w Zealand. .IX n; 

T. KuMia i.N'h 

R. .\fiiatic Ru««ii. Q c 
T. Asiatic Kii!«»ia. Q c 

I. Sardinia M c 

I. Birmah S g 

T. Birmah |S g 



I 



1 



CONSULTING INDEX. 




Aniatic Iluwua 
Manlclj 
Mwigolia ■ ■ . 

lEiiBiiuiMBii |i. |MiiitdH>i>ru 

TeliaitL-ns K. [MunfrnliB- 

Tehalvi T. Muitchooc 

■IVUiuiBywidiia. L. [Tliibtl . . . 
Tcliaiii;-cha .... f.'j- l^liiiia .... 
*" ■ ■ (V. CTiuu 

r. Wii 

Cf. piina 

r.' JTbilKt 

AkUUc Kuinn. 

Tilidiiy '!>. AaUlie KuwiU. 

TcliMwliow-..l>- J'hinn 
Trlun-kin? ....X'y. "' 

Tchaon 'll 

TeliuatmdtBU 
Ti-li i|i"i;ir!ik». 
Tcluirii 



Tehi'lyjbiniik. 
Ti'Iieiii w iKT^kn ■ iT. 

Tih-mpnl K. 

TctH-rdyw |T. 

TUlKrcincli(i«k« iT. jAniatin Run) 

Tchi-n-mi B. M 

Tchm-pumi ■•" " 
Td..riiMh.. 

Tcintilov T. Rawi 

TClii'rilu.v )• jVirtli AnHTici 

Ttdcnwi J II. .\«ulic Ktuou 

1Vli.nii|roT..44. Fr. .Hu>i.ia 



Tilrt-m- 

TdHTiinn.1riitii..-T. 
Tdicrnonhik ..I'l". 
"■ ■ nniU T. 



CONHtlLTlNG ItlbOC. 



TcljT 

1'elebiiwkui . . 

TrllichorrT... 
T.llin ........ 

Ti'lmin 

TeWi ..'.'.'.'.'. 

Tcinba 

Tea.be 

Triaho 

Tcimlrgue . • • 



. lti)''.McxicB 'Vg 

.1). Palunnia II m 

.T. TnHi ■>!• 

.T. K'.pk-* 'Nd 

- Cf. k.'hina iTf 

. T. iMsalebnoria . .iV i 

.. Tt. .Mexico iFc 

.LTyJUniiil Jj 

. n. Kanifiru Kd 

.'■r. tA.nt.cTurWi>F 
JL Anialic KuMia. W b 
.IT. AiialinRuMia. Pd 
.It. iAntitie KuMii. T c 
.rl'r. 'AnialicRuuia. H n 

."r. AftiM |Mf 

.T. IliiulnMUu -..'He 

,[T. .Rii*j« 'Vi 

.T. iMuih'hooiia .. V i 
■i l^-^'y jN' 



' l_ . 



TcrrcIIsulF... 
Tctrea dii An) 

TcrM-kan 

Teni 



TuUrj' . 

RuMia .. 



. K. lUiiumbiiiue . 



;;J. 



Tew 

Tito 

Teliun . . ■ 
TctDtnn.. 
Tculada .. 

Triada . . . 
Tvxu.... 



TriDiiain 

TrmhcaiDifi); , 
TfiBiararouig . 
Tciupnl 

Toicii-i.!!!!! 

Tmdi-nni - . . . 
Tciumhrr. ■ . ■ 

Titmiffi- 

Trarrifll- 

Trncrr 

Tnn 



.It. lManl>'tiODti>..'l.iJ ; Tvicl 
.'I. llttrrnUnd ....11 b Tvidm 

-T. 'Candia -So Tcjoa . 

■ IT. Auflria Md , Tcvtch 

. II. folf ■i.'i.ia |W ). j 1\«;uin 

.'Ix tl-'>wi I'anada.'li d ' Tnniru 
.'Ho. '|joirfr<'anadB. li d 
. Bar V.'»R.uiulland. Id 
'■" Monpili 



oTr, riiibrt 

oOj. TliiU-l 

.('■- (irccnland ... 

. T. Fvnan 

.T. Morucoo 

.T. BrorKl. .... 
. T. .Muuinbiquc . 
.T. Morocco 

■ I. jPolTnoM.... 
. t'. [Saidinia 

■ T. jParagTiay .... 
. Pi. Bucdu* Ativ* 
.iiv.SwOiAjiKiici 
. Vig. AtUnljc Oceut 

■ I. .lUUn ' 
.T. Mciic. 



. Wi 



:r.. 

-T. lAftiea .... 

. I. iAi»mlj>ia.... Hi 

.|T. IXiKlIn-nada.. Ilh 

.'I. K-an:iry I*]...... Kf 

. R. \ir 



i lliaraloaf lia ■ . 
iTIiertinah 



Ilniil 

»>it;l.iiul ' 

.Aniiiii- KuMH.' 
■Archi|ii'liip>. ' ■! 
BriL Amrrka . 

'ape (Vilunf . 



u 

'I.' a 

'■A 



I I'hinpnlii 1'. 

TlimiidiKUill . . T. Aurtria 

lThrnh.J.-li«.-d..I- BriuAi 

Th.-T|.|i.J..liir<'k. t- I 



lAI,in 



TeakiHtrpiin 



T^n'ift . . 
TVpa^., 
TVpic . . . 
Tbpoli... 



Trn-buli . . 
Tefcc .... 
Trn-rtt... 
Twck.... 
TcrUrl .. . 

Temiiiwi 



...I- hCartary (Jc , 

..Pi. .A-ddlirRuHia. Ab j 

..'XL IJnitrd Sum. . <i c ] 

..'R. riiib'dStatm.. '• r 

..'■H. ;M»n*T» I. e 



|llriLAn>rr 
. ML jSiinnjfiiria. 
. Mbi.|.Vanenl», 
.ny.A-ii 



!■• f Tliinl V..I. 



... r. 



Jrii 



ThiJiiKirj T, 

Tlmm I. 

Thnniai'ii Kay .. I. 



..|T. j.\!>i.iliL- Tn:ki-ynd 

.,T. jf'jlMli Qr 

,.I. HivoTnosal-Kh 

. . R. AiiMic Rniaia. Pd 

..I. Tbil-t J*!! 

. .T. kirnl bdchatlaQc 

.. U -ll.iieo t'g 



llmUHiid (Ihr) . la. 
Tb^'.' llrolhcra-. I. 
Ttirrc Kin^ 



Frai 

llrit. Ainrrica . ' 

^iBJpt I 

Ma JnctMar . . .' 
P'4rn<>ia ' 

'aribbcan Ri.-a.' 



America • i 
!^ijliibrri;m . . . ' 



|MLK)TP|t«iTer....|Dd 



CONBUL'I'ING INUKX. 



■Ditij 



1 C.1. . 



• ... la. 



Mu 



py- 



'ni*aun£-Iin2 
Thurno , t . 

Twoyu-Bu I". 

■" Mt 

oHur([oo..Tr. 
aRncliiule.Ti 

« Ti 

« Ti 

R. 

ly p, 

xickclDj. '..... T. 

TicuuM iTf. 

'ndcr I. 

Tiiiift 1*. 

Tidnn T. 

'fidii IT. 

Tuurani rt. 

Ti.-rtt T. 

Twrra del Fuej[o'I» 

Tielo R. 

T«» |T. 

Tiger I. 

Tijert!!"!!^!!. 

Tigcr'a I. 

Tin^rindaiDa . . T. 

TiKidla T, 

Tifjil T. 

Tiirll H. 

Tiiire Pr. 

Tigro 11. 

Tk-riK R. 

Tikhvin T. 

TiUpi T. 

TiluJir T. 

ul.. 

TilUdxiiMib*. I<. 
TilUncliinv - 
Tili-u 



'Asbantce ■> h 

LowL-r CunaiJa. II il 
AiutriUaMii . . . W j 
FiityomM . . . . C i 

.tLiUKnUa Uo 

^cutldud r. c 

PdyniMia X' j 

Euutcrn Su. . . ,L' f 

. S(:)[l>al>vn jV o 

Alrira ;\k 

AlHca 'Xe 

'Afttcj Sf 

Svni'irBriibiii ... 11. h 

Ilaly '.«d 

Al>iea .\f 

Mexico 'K f 

llindiiaiitan - . . It c 

Eqiudur II > 

ATrica K i; 

Hrit. Aiiiiirica .ti c 

C-HcbfH L-h 

Morocco f> G 

Riumis Uli 

Tripoli ,M<! 

S^iutli Ainuri»^lln 

llraiil Ilk 

Kimia <l)il 

Aiiriratiunn .. . ■ V i 

MnlayHia !u i 

rliindK.-a ■■..;T|r 
t^wrtiin !<ca. . . ^T I' 



Tintuma 

Tiiiuk Karagaii 

TirpjiiU'if . . . 
'I'iriln-raLoi.. 

Tiloc 

'Ilumviu'. •-■ 

'l'rv..H 

■I>k 

Tl,-i.ift.ii .... 
•niill.i.-.kaj. 

ToLiiK" 

Toliin 

T.ih.,1 

TobiJ^li .... 
T.A0IA .... 
Toholik . . . 

Tobuoi 

Tncia 



. Oj. OuBk 

. I. IJainan 

. 1. PoIynMa 

, It Brit. Anuria . 
, Uc«. Alrio 



Sanlo* I. 'l'.Jjrn 



.'M f TudwHdiito* 



r nwAa 



.....Mf 

...We 
i.Vfc 



AbjK 

rj,m,\.« Ill 

A»i,lic Turhryitc 

Kii-^»a >)c 

M.W".. \fe 

Mail!iir"""'iir .. .ill k 

MnlHin-N 'Uli 

MnMiv.". 14 fa 

Kiv»rlh'ii;r>l--'<>' 

Ir-'hind l.c 

I'rii»-i4 Nr 

Kii-h ilr 

A»,ii>.' |{ii«.|.i. It l> 

\nil.i.i Ill" 

l...jiM.ni. l-'f 



1'ukit . . 
Tokay.. 
Toker . . 

Tokloi . 



i\ IThUit . 
T. lRu«Li . . 
I. lUrit-Ainei 



n 



. 1. .Scotlaud 

. I.. BntiTia 

. I_ 'IlriL America 

■ llay I'aliKDiiia .... lim 

. T. AiiaUcKiinii. Wc 

,T. .Italy -Md 

,L. jSwdfen .\b 

. T. 'AWer* l.c 

,,T. A*iaUcRu»ii.:>b 

.la. Watl>idi»...'ll^ 

,1'. Scnrt«bv'H l.i)..'Ka 

. H. .\Fiallc'K<U'>u.Uc 



. Vy. |A«ialir RuMia. I. 

.r. JM.-ii™ t 

. iT. lAkiatic Turkey ,1 



. IT. AuAlria 

.'I'l. Ilrit. Arncrii'a . 
, R. Asiatic Runia. 
. Itay Ni-w ZiMLud. • 



EH 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



ToBfilU T. 

ToQfaUboo -I. 

Taag<chow C-y. 

Tangoi 1\ 

Tang-thon .... I. 
Tmiv.ting liou.. I^. 

Toakien T. 

Tonquin !C(y. 

Tonquin I'. 

Tonsbcrg T. 

Tonyn ..T, 

Tonyn C. 

Tooar Su. 

ToofiM 1. 

TuoU 34. Pr. 

TooU T. 

ToonukKM .1. 

Toomuiijcnn ... I. 

Ttmrnhcci T. 

Ti«i T. 

Tt^jUwnry I* 

Tootooci K. 

Top , ...'L. 

TopftMin (\ 

Topinambas . . . 'Tr. 

Topolevia 'T. 

' Toqacdos 'I*r. 

Tor T. 

Toraito T. 

Torapa |T. 

Tonh Bar 

Tor&ne T. 

Toq^i Baiar . . . . R. 

Torna Bay 

Tonm Cj. 

1 omcA .••••... Vsm 

Torncm K. 

Tomea (Upper) . T. 

Toro T. 

Toffoin R. 

Toionunu Tr. 

ToRxnuf ajtm 

Toronto Cy. 

Toropctz • -T. 

1 Oap ••• •••.•a-l. 

Torrciuto : i . 



I. 






Nff 
Ak 

Ic 

Kd 
Tf 
Tf 



»**MiA|n 

Polynesia 

K.:iiina 

Mongolia 

Uliina 

rhina 

Hainan 

Aaia St' 

(^hina Sea . .. .|T g 
Norway ... ... . 'M c 

Wakfs Lc 

Vd 

Nf 

Ak 
()c 
Uc 

Aj 



iJicghalicn . 
'TilieMly 



|Polyiiiiiia. 
KuMia . . 



KuHMia 

Polyniiiia 

Polynt'via 

PtTiija jl' c 



Ja|>an 

UriL America 
Mciiou 



Vc 
Kc 
Kd 

Rumia r<> b 

ScorvtfbyV I^d. jK a 
■South Aiiicrica jl i 
i Asiatic Runsia.ll* d 

Peru II i 

'Arabia Of 

Munj^ulia S d 

;Siain Sh 

LMt'xico F f 

Barca Nf 

Soon^aria R d 

Ruiwia i) b 

iRuMiiia N b 

jSwi'dcn 'N b 

-Swcdrn N b 

Swcdi-ii N b 

Spain li d 

Asiatic Ru8Hia. Q b 
Peru 



J oTTca •...•.•.•il. 
Torres «...■•••• I. 

Torres Is. 

1 omss ......... otr. 

Torro T. 

Tortola 'l. 

ToftoratilJo ;T. 

Tortosa ...••.•• ,T. 

Tortuga • II* 

Tortagaa Is. 

Tortuga Salada . I. 

Tory I. 

Toitaek ..IR. 

Toe IR. 

Tolara Bay 



...... iij 

^Vsiatic Russia. Q b 
Upper Canada . Km d 

Russia O c 

Sweden N b 

Mrzicu K 

Brazil Ik 

PotynrMia \Vh 

Aubtralania . . . X j 
New S. Walea . V j 

Brava Oh 

iWcHt Indie:*. . . M £f 

I'htii Ilk 

,Spatp. M d 

liihamas II f 

Morida ti f 

Wnczuela ;IIg 

^Ireljnd !l« c 

AhuUc Russia. V' b 
Mantchonria . .jL- c 
.New Zealand. . X ni 



I'otDia 

Totnaui 

Tolonian 

Totiika 

l*utia 

'ruuch:iiu«ka . . . 

Toudsuiig 

luuir 

Toufjiiiniiki 

Tou}rleiiwk 

Tuukoulan 



Toula 

Touluina 

Toulon 

l*oiilt>u!4e 

1 uumun 

Touuiani 

TiMiuiateek .. . . . 

Touinrii 

Touniil .'. . 

l*ouu:;e 

Toun};i>iiini>kui .. 

Tounkut 

I our 

Tuura 

. I'uurU -de 

'I'uurehan 

I'uurinitk 

Toufuukhau .. . . 
Touroukhansk. . 

T«.urf 

Toiirvj^a , . 

ToUK a 

Toutfitchani»'in. 

inir 

TtMi-yuen 

Touzaiit 

Tovsa 

Tuwa 

Tower jjri 

Townmiid 

Tuwson 

Tnier 

Tracy's 

Tralalzar 

Trail.. 

Traill 

Trajiel 

TraiMllfruration . 
Tranxylvania . . . 
Trauqucbar .... 

Trap 

i Trapani 

I raps ......... 

TrasartM 

Travanroro 

TnivtTA 

Travcrsriy 

TraversKJ 

Trcbibundc 

I rcc 



.T. Russia 

C. Brit America . 

T. Formosa 

T. Japan 

T. .Afuatic Russia. 

T. Asiatic Ruwda. 

T. Ilinduostaii . . . 

r. Tartary 

T. Asiatic Runhia. 

T. :Ruwiia 

.Mts.' Asiatic RuM»ii. 

T. 'MuujTolia 

R. iRushia 

L. 

T. 

I. 

R. 

T. 

R. 

T. 



107 



kl 



France 

Franee 

Anialic RuMia. 

Asiutie Ku-'fU. 

i^Vsialic RuHau. 

'.Manlehuori.i . . 

Mongolia 

MiKwmri 

iVsiatic Russia. 

T. iTartary 

R. 'Asiatic Rusku. 
R. 'Aniatic Ru»sia. 
T. Mantehooria . . 
R. MantebiMjria . . 
'1\ Asiatic RusHia. 
R. I Asiatic Rusaija. 
T. i.\hiutic Russia. 

Cy, {Franre 

R. I Asiatic Russia. 
U iThibet 



Oe 
Fe 
Uf 
V« 
Pc 
Sc 
Sf 

;pd 

Qb 
Pb 
Ub 
jSe 
Ob 
Md 
Md 
Qb 
Wb 
Ua 
Ud 
Td 
Ed 
jSc 
Qd 
Qe 

Ue 
.Ud 

jUd 

iQc 

IRb 

Rb 

,Md 

Sb 

iRe 



T. ThiUt be 

»C;^-. <'hiua Tf 

I'l . iTri{ioli Me 



T. 

I. 

T. 

C 

Ft 

r. 

I. 

c. 



RuiH^ia :N b 

■AuKtralai^ia.. . .lU i 



jNe 



TrifKili 
NcwS.WalLs .jWk 

Missouri F e 

Tunis Me 

PoIyncMa !X i 

SfKiin |L c 



Pt. BriL Aniciica 



Da 
Ka 
Mg 

Ab 



1. Score»by*s 1x1.. 

T. Africa 

In. Asiatic Russia. 

Pr. An-tiia JN d 

T. Ilindiin>tan . . . jR g 
Rk. Kurile l.slandH.;Wd 



T. Sicily 

Rks Au.strala^ia .. • ■ 



Ma 

Xm 



Tr. 

T. 

I. 

Bay Nova Zi-nibia 

Is. 

Cy. Asiaiic Turkey fO d 

I. Pblynesia Vf 



Africi L g 

Hinduostan .. . R h 
Wiseonhin Tcr. IF d 
L..Pa 
SfMitlurn OecuAlK n 



108 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



ti 






CbM. 



Poritioa. 



RH. 



I 



KuM» of V'Mtm, Ac. 



Ciw. 



Trees C. CelcU-H V U 

TrcgosacA Is. :AuHtraI:iHiu ... • ■ W j 

Trcinouillc 'l. |.\iistraksia .... T k 

Trent 'Cy. |A«wtria 'M d 

Trenton "Cy. 'Xi'w Jerwy ... 'II d 

TrcpaiiM.*y Bay Xcwfoundlaiid . I d 

Trcptow T. IrrusKia '.\ 



plow 
Trcd Biirras . 



IL 



Treif (olunas ... I. 
TrcM Forcaa . . . . t*. 
Tred Miiriiis. ... la. 
jTrci Months.... C. 



rusKia '.1 c 

Brazil |I i 

iPolyneHia W 1" 

Morocco L e 

.Mexico K f 

Patagonia (v ni 



Tre8 Montes .... Pen. Pal;i|fonia . . . . ,C' m 



Trcvenians 'Is. 

Treves |T. 

Triangles Is. 

Tribe R. 

Tribulation C. 

Trichiuo|K)ly . . . T. 

Trie jfo T. 

TrieKte (^y. 

Trincala ,T. 

Trinconialec .... 'T. 

Trinfi^ano il'. 

Trinidad T. 

Trinidad T. 

Trinidad iT. 

Trinidid IJay 

Trinidad I. 

Trinidad I. 

Trinidad R. 



Polynt.'.sia (' i 

Prussia M d 

Mexico F f 

;Urit. America . U c 
New S. Wales . V j 
Hindooiitaii . . , R ^ 

,I>artiir S g 

AuHtria M d 

Ck?vIon R h 

Ceylon R h 

Malaya S h 

(^uba Gf 

I Bolivia ...... .11 j 

JGuateinali .... ii g 

Mexico I) d 

Weit Indies. . . H jr 
Southern < )cean K k 
Texas Ff 



Trynl Bay 

Tryal Rks 

Tnudda R. 

Tsaliai Kianicn . T. 

Tsakildan T. 

Tschuhar Nor . . L. 

Tschelya T. 

Tschdiiliskii . . . . T. 
TMchinkotin... . 1. 

T«:hirikov i\ 

TschnudsonjBf . . . T. 
Tsehourkin ... C. 

Tschulin R. 

Tsebid T. 



Trinity Bay New .S, VValen . V i 

Trinity Bay NewloundKind. I d 

Trinity I. Brit. America . <v b 

Trinity Is. North America B c 

Tripasore T. lllindoo:4tan . . . U j; 

Tri|N)li C'ty. Afriea Me 

Tripoli Cy. |Tri|H)li Me 

Tripoli Cy. 'Syria O e 

Tripolizza Cy. 

TriAtan d*Acimha 1. 

Troencn I. 

Troilcm I. 

Troitsk T. 

Troilska ;T. 

Troitzk 'T. 

Troinbct-1.4 R. 

Trouc Pi. 

j Tro(]Hthfx:k Pt. 

' Tr"i»p'iii . . . 

Trinnkite 

Tr..ut L. 

: Trout K. 

j Trivut Like .... I( ). 

tit t • 

I I roy t y. 

rnve«i I V. 



. ■ . . J . 
T 



Brit. AiiK-rii-i 
lint. Arrii'riea 
New Viirk .. . 

Fr:inei* 

Nov I .*N'.)!i.i .. 



I rurn I . 

Tnuill.i Ih'it P.Tu a I 

Truxillo T. jPi-ru <■ i 

Truxill-i r. (iti iti-in.il.i .... (■ ^ 

TnixiU'i T. V'l.- /.!■ 1 1 .... II li 



(ireec*: N c 

.S^Mithern ()cr*an L I 

Norway .Mb 

Polynexia V ^ 

RuHhia O c 

jA^iatie Rii*<Kia. S b 
.\sintic Rus.-<ia. Q c 

Brazil I i 

.Madi^faNe.ir. • • P j 
Nova ^-nibla .. Q a 

.\nstri I '.\ d 

'.Asiiitir Kiis<iJa.,Q b 
•Bril. Am. rie.i . F c 



La. 

New S. Wales . wT 
Australasia . . . . T k 

Africa M li 

jMantchooria . L- d 

{.Monj^lui Td 

Mon^lid ,S d 

Russia 'P b 

{Asiatic Rus&ia. S c , 
:Kurilc Islands. Wd 

Japan V c 

Thibet S f 

i Asiatic Rus.'tia. V a 
..Asiatic Ru.*(sia. R c 

Barbary .M c 

Tsi'oulka T. Asiatic Russia. Q b 

T. Sianipa Dis. Anani S g 

Tsi-chow Cy. l-hina T c 

Thitbuy I. Gulfof Tonqiiin T g 

'l'sin.eliow T. Corca lU- 

'i'stnf^el R. .Mon^Iia R d 

Tsita L. I'niibet Re 

Tsitchicar Pr. Mantchooria . . t' d 

Tsitchicar "T. 'Mantchooria . . T d 

Tsotlbrkcnir .... T. iThihct S f 

Tsunjv.miiig^. ... I. iChina I' c 

Tsun-^ Cy. jChina T f 

Tsu.Nima I. jCortn. V c 

Tsypa R. 'Asiatic Russia . T c 

Tual)ei Sta. 'Africa 'M f 

Tuaricks Pen.' Africa '.M g 

Tuat I)is.!.\frica .M f 

TuUii I. 'Polynesia Bj 

Tubbus T. 'Persia P c 

Tubeldie T. Darfur Se 

Tucapel Vol. C.Thili HI 

TuekV I. jPolyncsia W; g 

Tuck's Rk. 'AuHtraldsia .. . . W' i 

TuckV Rf. Polynesia \ f 

Tuclawi Dis. Afriea (* ^ 

Tucopia I. Australasia .... 'X j 

Tueuman Pr. Buenos .\yrra . II k 

Tucum.m T. Buenos Ayres.. H k 

Tiidfla T. 

Tupijala T. 

Tu;;^iTt Sta. 

Tulanir Bawin,«T. T. 



Tulbairh T. 

'I'ide (the) f.^ 

Tulnecr T. 

Tumbul T. 

I una ...a I. 

Timbat I. 



Spain I* d 

Kordofan O j^ 

Africa M f 

.Sumatra &$ i 

Cajie Colony . . N I 



.Mexico. 



Ke 



Ilindoofftan . . . Q f 

|.\frica O g 

.**w«ilen N b 

Indian Ocean .. O i 



r>b 

Fc 
lid 
.M d 
lid 



Tun;; Ilai S^i -.\sia (* e 

Tim|;;ou«-ii Tr. '.\!»i.ili(r Ru<««ia.'S b 

Tiiiii;onska R. i.X^i.itic |{u.ii>ia. S b 

'riin<;ur;ii;ua ... R. li'^;uadur <t i 

TiiuH Cty. Atriia Mr 

Tunis i'y. Tunis Mr 

Tunji T. _\rw (t:i'nad.i .. II h 

'runniy.in R. jBiiimumi Ayn*!i . II I 

Tii|ii/..» .T. |n>i« iiiH .Xyrt-n . j|| k 



TaroaminU . • - 

Turftii 

Turftn 

Tgrni 

Turui 

Titfhu 

TwktsUn 

TurknUn 

TWhriUn (Chi 



coSaCVnuG INDEX. 

CtT.Tkrtui Ipd M'liipM... . 

Db. Lillls BuelMrU R d I'bai 

T. f-ittlv lluclitru'Q d ; l^rilia ■ . 
H. - 



IN IT !'l'iJiai-iniUi.. 

.JCly. AiU W d . Vdirick 

JT. Tutuv «d jjlduMrt 

.' I l-''«"« 

. nil. fhinnp Kni|iira'R d I I 'dmiis l.'n 
)l>i(.Tartuy " ' ' '■ ' ' - 

Wy.Am i 

. ity. Kuropo '.N d ] 

■■. M.l.)>it -'■ 



R. |Veneiiicla 

Hglivii 

:Ilrtul 

Kiguidor 

I*idy&iniia 

lAiMtk: Hiwu. 



V b 



Tiittle 

Turtle 

Turtle 

Turtk- 

Turtfc- 

Turllu Don 

TUTJ . . 






I. ll'olrDrnii , 
. ' I& I MaUjoia . . 
. la. '.\iMnlvia 
. I. illrit. Aiirri' 

. PL JlT. 

. Rk. AiutnUMi 

.;T. ;B™i1 

.('j. AUbinlB .. 



Tinuny t>. llaljr .■ 



Tiukui . . . 
Tiwpui... 

Tiutb .... 
Tuloilla . . 
Tuy 

Tuils .... 
Tuiur . . . ■ 
T«r 



"|Md: 



..1. Polym....... 

..T. ].Sp»in 

..I. A«alirnu»». 

.. K. 'ManlchuuiLa .. 

l.Pr. KiHiij 

..T. Ru»i« 

■I.. Wii. 



.R. V/iM 



RriL Am. 



.'Vd 



Two Bava . . 

TwcCJd.... 
Tiro (imupi. 
Two Puka. . 

Twiut 

Tydo« 

Tym-kiy. . . 
Typonsan . . . 

Tyre 

Tyrol 

Ty...l."!!' 
Tai . 



II m 



. U Polyn. 

'. Iby New M. Wain .>VI 

.1.. Polyn«i« 'f\ 

. .Vu. BriL .\iMtKa .|K 

.T. Allien |L< 

. I. <UaUnia.... 'C 
. T. .Aaiatic Riu>u. R 
. I. Kialem tic*.. . L' 



Liltlo n 



.Md 



Tnuamkoknauk T. 



nud..>i.H d I 

. Fd. -Norway Sh 

- ■" - 7 hi \ 






:?: 



i>iial.!!!!.!!'T. 

('(■.TniTik IK*. 

rprmavik MU. 



('(•per I- 

I'lipiir Abk-tibbe I. 
Vpprt 1 'inada ■ ■ Pr. 

('jipcr Halii T. 

rp|<rr IrlTih.. R. 
I'pprrKamiihBikaT. 
t'upcr Nippciraii.lla. 
IWt Oudinak .|T. 
Upper Torn™.. ^r. 

Uprighl 0. 

UpM I.. 



Aaialir Ituaaia.'V o 
flaulhPFni....ilIi 
OiH' CiJiny ..InI 
Aoi.licRuMia.'l'c 
.\-Ulic Kua.111. W b 
HuHKia Nh 

Ru»>a!!"!'MNb 

Rgoi* fit, 

T.rt.ry Hi 

..VlKaeRiMiia.fVc 
|A*iatii?Xiuaiit.[V e 
'U'im-iiibure ..l-Md 

RuHa 1(1 b 

AInca [fi i 

^likti Nb 

'K>odea In b 

Himkn .Nb 

'llinnali St 

fcrci Nf 

'On-pmTcr.... lid 
llindowlui ...JUd 

I'oljnnia :V h 

i.*»ia Q t 

BriL AinrricB .lllc 
MpilabciEFD ...iNa 
Indian l>«-an ■[(> 1 
.Mi«iuriTn...ii''> 
HciL America .[Eb 
llriL .^mrrin .'K 
North Ainrrica I A 

SrotUnd |l. 

HuriiH Avrca .11 I 

inland ....lla 

lirtcnland .... la 

Paljrnr>u '.^ j 

Or^pnTcr. .. .jKe 
lUiiL America .Ud 
Nonh Ameriealt. d 

Sweden Nb 

Mineolia 'R d 

A.ia[irUiiHU.iWe 
HriL Amrrie* .IKc 
.AaialieRiwU.Te 

Sredi-n Nb 

North AmpricaK'a 

Monrnlia rid 

.M™p,l».... -• 

Svrdrn 

NnrKWalca .;U i 

\«atieRuwa. Ve 
Tanary ]Pd 



110 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Namn "i Iliua, Ac iLluai 



WiMbiia. 



Ur;ii . . . . 

Trarin-is . 
I!ratii{iii:i 
Urbaiia • ■ 
lircs . . . . 



Ir-c 1 

T. F>|iMdor II i 

T. ;c;rtal Huiharia.Qd 
I'V, Vi'iu-zuclu ... .11 li . 



.Ml.s.'Kurii|K< 



Ifca.-* I l.u-«i,l(c. 



(.U» 



lUt 



\'V. 



Mvxico 



:i:f 



VanciUivcr V. 

Vuncuuvcr*H . . . .il. 
Vanfouvcr'rt . . . ..Ku 

Vand.ilia C'y. 

VanDiiiiit n'^I^d. I. 



North Anicrica j ft b 
Orc'goii Tt:r. ..IDd 
Oregon Tvr. ..;Ud 

IlUiiuisi li c 

AuKtralasia .... V m 



Ur^asi l).il*i. . . . MU Tarlary U d 

I'rjjaii D.iija. . . . Mis. Muii^oliu ..... S d 

I Vghindj jT. iTartary U d 

Ursfhundab K. (.'ahiil ij c 

Urjuii:7iirrir . . ..'!«. "Moiiijoiia It d 

L'rraraM I. 'Polyni.'f»ia ..... V f 

Urrirt 'Ifd. 'Irt'Iaiid l* r. 

IJruba T. Ilrazil J j 

CriicMiya 'K. Drazil I j 

I'lut^iiay ' !{('{• Soutli Aiiirrira I 1 

irru;»u.iy K. rnijjiuy I I 

! Uruini.i |T. 

Uruiiiia ;!<. 

IJriip 'I. 

nnipadi .\i. 



Pc 
Wd 
I i 

IJiiU-k Turkt Stan * "ly ."I'artary [Q d 

UmUsm liay Pata^diiia .... 'II n 

Usli '1'. j'l'urtary l^ d 



IVfMa 

Per-'ia 

Kurih* I. "la rids 
Hrazil 



Van Dii-iiicirH . . (S. ;Ncw llolknd. . L' j 

Van l)ii*inL-n*t» . . Str. ; Japan L' c 

Vanhciin X'y. (*hina T c 

Van KcUiin'M .. '[li'Ay Spibibergcn ...Ma 
Vanncn 1. iNonrav N a 



Vunncs . . 
Van.*ittlart 



T. 
I. 



tW T. 

I. siioa ....•.••• .. 

LM Mayo T. 

Ust. Vari:.kui . . . ;T. 

UHuri H. 

Ulica 'C'y. 

litrccht ;'I. 

oiwas ...••.... '1%. 
Uyanuiiia -K. 



V acaraiM ....... 



iAsliantri- \, h 

MrdittTran. S a M c 

lAxi^itii' Uiis>ia. f.' b 

.\9iialU' Kii<-sia. V a 

iManti.-iuM>ria . . (.' d 

New Vi»rk .... CJ d 

ll.illand Mc 

,l«fm'<-r C'.inada.'Cv d 
.\s»iati(: Russia. V b 



'■ Vanw I. 

Vapna iKd. 

■ Varaiidvi JT. 

Varlwl ,R. 

. Varila ;Pt. 

VarinaM .|T. 

VarinaH ^T. 

Varna C'y. 

VanM" 1. 



France L d 

Rril. America . iC» b 

{Norway M b 

IcvLnd Kb 

Uus.sia ,1* b 

/VAiatic Ruifala. -V c 

Patagonia tin 

Venuzncla .... II h 

Krjuador Hi 

(Turkey Nd 

iNorwBv ;.M b 



Varoouda 
Vakil .... 



.... Cty.'.\frica :X j 

T. |RusMa Pc 

VaM}ucz .1. Polynesia ; A k 

Vaiisr Pt New Holland . . ;T i 

Vaii>>i(raii K. Aniatic Ruwia. |R c 



VuHsikov T. 

Vaiijari!) Pt. 

• 'IVOV I. 

Vi isi-nstcin. . .. .,T. 



R. Ilraril 



I i 



Vacavs ir IJav l*'lorii!a (■ t' 



Vacli jU. 

Vaclioiirt i T. 

• ana ••.-......' . 

Valday T. 

\ a|fli.''> .•..■•... II. 

Valdnia 'V. 

Valcncr T. 



•AHi.itir Ui|H>i:i. R b 

lAhiati'- Rus^ia. Ij b 

•Tiniii Mi' 

Ru»i'ia Of 



VVkhltina 



T. I 



*'!#■•■• ■•••*«« !%• 



Rumia 

Mnntclifioria 
Polym>ia. . . 

Rn!i>;a iN r 

.\>iiatic Uib««ia. |Q c 
iRniwia Ob 



Oc 
Vc 



, V. In Rk(. Polynmia 'V f 

j Vrla-nh" I. ' F]a»ti'in Sea. . . U f 

I V« laNfo T. Texas Y f 

'• Vrldho R. .XNiatic Ru»kia. V b 

Vi lika ' ILiy RmiKia P b 

j Vi likav a I««Mjki . T. RuN:-ia ....... O c 

Vilhk 'Cy. RuKiiia Ob 



Nnrlh Am. rica 4 ' b H Vi-lhk I'l'. Rninia 



Chill .. 
I'ranre 



Pc 



Valenna C'y. Spain I. o 

Valencia T. |lirazil J i 

Val»'M'-.i !T. 'Vi'in/iiila .... II ;t 

Valentii I. Ir« l.ind L c 



Valt't!a t'y. 

Valiiif'.o ........ Ci. 

V-ilk T 

Vulladnli.! C*v. 



Malta . . . . 
Cormra. . . 

RllSMU . . . 

Spiiii 



VallaiJiiit'! (*y. Mnieo ....... |K jj 

Valladiilul T. .Mexit'i). (* f 



II I ;, Vendrn ,T. Russia N c ' 

M d j; Vrndoipf T. Fro me M d 

- Vi-ni-7.iu'la Rep Siiith Anic-rica II b 

Vene/iiil.i I Ufp; Venezuela II h 

Venn*' 'CV. Italy iN d 

Vi'iiery 'I . Ilindoostan . . . 'R |r 

\ i-ra C 'riiz SL Mexico !F j 

Vt-ra C 'nix 'C "y. Mexiro iF |f 

Vi-ra Paz St. (Guatemala .. . . 4* |r 

Vera Pa7 T. Ciuatcniala ....,<« |p . 

Virde C '. 



M «- 
Md 
.Vc 

isd 



T. 
T. 



Valladiilid. . . . 

ValleM 

Vnllry T<i\viis . . 

Vail'iiM T. 

ViilfMr I HO ..... C'y. 

V .:i'<«'|j«" C '. 

V.in f.. 

Van I»i.r» 11 T. 

Vttii.t .1 . •. T. 



Mquidor Cfl i 

Mexieo F f 

N'lirth C'ariiliiia (• o 

Turkey .N d 

Chill Ill 

Ni'w liuiii.-.i , . V i 
\-i.ilir Turkey • > •• 

^li-«.»iiri F •• 

f lairj III T i;- 



1 ■•■••■ 

i Verd«» jC '. 

I Verde R. 

' Vrrdc I. 

!. Vrrdun T. 

V»Tinej'» R. 

' VirkhnlenMkoi . . T. 

! V.rkhoOiiraNk.T. 

Vi rkh»»!iiinyi* . . T. 

I Vrrkii Van<«k.ii.. T. 

1 \'> th t **.iu HtHik C. 



Scneifanibia .. . K c 
.St. Thomaa*! 1. M ii 

Uraiil Ik 

New (irrnada . ii m 

France M 4 

|{iirno« .\yrea . 11 k 
A«>iatie RuMia. T e 
.\»ialic RuMia. Pc 
.\«ritic Riiiifia. 1* c 
Asiatic Ru<«i%. l* b 
.Spitsbergen . . . N a 



(-ONSIXTING INDEX. 



.-.^r^^ \<^\ ,». 







'.u. 


V.ni>L'Jhi lliy Itin^U'la... 




VilU N..V. 


d. 1 


V.tu..llion Hnv t^ii>hin>. . , 




I'.iunw . 


.. IT. 






^'lU. Niiv. 


di ' 




.iHri 


PriJioi-. . 


...T. 


VrixLj (>. llnlv 


Urt 


VilUNxvadf 


Ktt!-!-. 












.1.11 d 

.!wh 


VilUr.1.... 
ViIUKira.. 




V«r.hny K»(>-nMh iT. A.i.ilir Rii«Li 


:::S- 


Vir^',i.v Villuitk ly. AKiilie Ki»>L 






V.^Llir, T. KU.H1. 


.■Nc 


Vllhri. :! . . . 


...T. 


V«i,e.™k |T. Il»»u 




VilU S^laJo 


...!ViL 


Vriwul T. rrenrr 








\V.UrII..ni....|t;. Iirlund 


,Kh 




...Icy. 










v|.^"',i,'„ x*" \ul!tti. 


.'Nd 


Virijiii 




V^l,..sa T. itu-^in 


!Pc 




...'Ilk>, 




T. Indiana 




Vir^rmClbrdi...:!. 




r. .Ilr«il 


I> 




....•*L 


* l'V'-?r» 


r. Rn«.ia 


Ml. ' 


Vir^i,.-,.., 


...lUy 


V|..i,„ 


T. Riu»ia 




Virl/i-rv . . . 


'.'.'. -ii. 


Via.»iki 


r. Ru*.U 


iKe ' 


Vi«-UVM. . . 




Vuli* 13. 


Pr. Riwia 








Vulk» 


T. Ru-U 


.Pf 


Vi-eu 


.V 


ViWff S.Pr. R<»<ia 


'Nil 




.., R. 


Vil„rK T. Rwa 


.\-|i 


Vilrliied... 


,..rr. 


VichaJ. R. Xrw <ir.nirt.i 


. fill 


Vjkl«h.,.. 


MT.Pr. 


Vi<-i*.M !l. (.Vil.l-»n S.1 




ViMNk.... 


-:*-y. 


Vi.-Ii.b.iw (T. Mi..i«in|ii. . 






..H. 






ViliiiuknyA 




Viffifrt R. .Vrrira 


.iMi 






Vii-I'iiia iHm IlriL Aiiurira 








Viifil <■. Afrirj 


Ilk 




...|T. 


Vid,<l iRh. Atloilk 1h.ij 


r, c 


Viii-nUid . 




Vinini H-y.-Aunris 




Vlodiinir... 


33. Pr. 












Mh 


VUdiitiir,.. 


...i-K 




■ t'e 


Vii&rn .... 


...|H,y 


v!I[» |T. Spm 


.i!,'d 


vx::;™: 


...iiut 










Vi^rn Ii. Xnrway .... 


'Mh 






Iph 


ai!i; 








... T. 














r. Bruii 


.Ii 


VolniiK.... 






r. Hr.nl 


■" 


Volcano.... 


...II. 


VilU Hoim 


r. Ilraul 




Volga 


:::fe 


VilUch 


r. Aivtiia... . 


.I.M J 




VilU n>™ 


T. t-uJa 


.(if 


43. Pr. 


VilU d.' c. f™. 


T. l|l"«l 


.'Jk 


Vd kli.^ . . . 


...,R. 


VilUd.lF..np..'ry. Bniil 


■f 


V,. iii,.r - . . . 




VilUrfcUPiIrifi. 


v., UK<I'> ■ - - 


11. Pr. 








Vu t^dm . . . 


■V 


VilU drl Fiwrlc. 


r. Miiico 




Voloniki... 


VilUdilFrincipt 




kif 


Volta 


...R. 


VilU do i:onlu . 


T. Bmil 


Fi 


Vultai 




Viir. do Principe 
ViIUr:ui.n>..,. 












.Hh 


Voluntp;r . . 






T. jBraiil 


i'^ 










1 



llnul . . 
Druil.. 



i-Vtw llirflanJ . V i 
. Hciiil Jf 

rrr*,;lk 



Iliddiki-Un . . . 
,Wi.'.il liidi<^...ni| 
It Nmlnundlaiid.'I a 
.W».IIndi.-fi...'tlK 
.ruiU-dSum-.^ic 

M«i™ Ko 

Paln^wiia ;IIn 

KuhU Nc 

.Ui-iiin \Ue 

AurlnUi>U....]Wt 
EIraiil II J 

'Ruwii P b 

Ruma 'Ne 

. Rnnlii jOr 

Anialiv IIu»U4.'Tc 

.'4)Min {l, d 

liiinliKnLin ... R IT 

lliml.»un ... Rk 

••Un ...He 

' " = 

. RwvU 'il ■ 

'KwiiU Ne 

Sutlnborocn . . . '.V ■ 

i.Ww.y |.U b 

.«.d.s»M=ir...Pj 
'.Uiali'T Ru»U. Q b 

Runia '<) b 

'Kmuia !r b 

RUMia ISb 

T Japan Vd 

PoSym-U ;Vf 

Pnlynt*ia :Wr 

lialic Riu>i*. n 1 

mil Nc 

RuMia 'He 

Riufia N e 

ItiH>ia |Pb 

. Ruvu On 

RiMiia lie 

« Mk 

Afitr* jNk 

Sardiiiia 

PolynnU 



n-2 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Nun* "f PLicci, kc 



C 



Vurnfskaya T. 

VoriMifZ ... .'11 . 'I*r. 



Voroncz . . . 
Voroncz . . . 
Voronia .... 
Voroiiov . . . 

Vorya 

V'oHiniiisk . . 



... ^'^y. 
. . . T. 
. . . !l. 

• • • i\y* 



rniilioa. 



Aniutic kuttKia. 
Russia 



...ilt 
...JBay 

V(Hm'Cun«koc . • . 1*. 

VoiiU'liang '('y. 

Vou-tiii^ ('y. 



Vl»2 . 

Vvin 
Vyu. 



■ « ■ • 



R. 

M. 



KiisHia 

Kuynia 

Russia 

Ruhsui 

A.tiatic Rus:«ia. 

i Russia 

lAsiatic Riiriaia 

'Cliiiia 

'C'liiiia 

IRiMsia 

lANiatic Russia. 

Russia 



Waago I. 

Wabash R. 



I/nitcti States. . 



Wadaii T. rrri|K>Ii . 

\Vad;iy T. jAlrira . 

Wadroajj Dia. Harbiiry 



WadsiK? ;T. IRusvsia 

Wady al Kora . . IT. | Arabia 

Wady n.ik he . . '():•. jKi^ypt 

Wady cl Khnr^roh.T. l'-«g'Vpt 

Wady l1 Lugh-I 
ihainan -T. 



Fczzan 



Wady Farafrth . O. E;ry fit 

Wady Kawar .. . L. i Atirii.-a 

Wady Niion .... IT. Suae 

Wady Zcin»in .. JT. ;Triix>li ....... 

Wa^rcr .R. Jirit. America . 

Wajun^a (Hy. Africa 

Wakasih Tr. < Jrejyun Ter. .. . 

Wakc^H I. .PoIyiieNia 

Wake*rt lA:dfre . . Rks/PulyucHia 

Waldeck. . . .t23. (Uy. ('ennany 

Walen (*ty. (>reat liritaiii .. 

Walet T. Afriira 

Walifiiiiid ...... I. 'Ras>ia 

Waljrdiuaa It. Sweden 

Walker :(*. Rrit .\mi'rii:a . 

Walker '('. (■rei.-iilaiid . . . . 

Walkir'si Hay < -aiH* Colony . . 

Wallifr; Il.ty .^Mjon'sby'a Ld. 

Wall-ichia ...... IV. Turkey 

WalLib Wallah . R. 

Walli.*'H ;l. 

Wallit'rt 1. 

Waliii!»b>v I«. 

Wal|irile ". I. 

Walsliak r. 

W.i|siiii»|iaTii.. . . ('. 
Walter HjthurNl l\ 

Walwii'h Riy Africa 

\V;iin!.i I)i^, \friru 

Wainkriin* T. ."N-nrijariibi.i , . . 

W.ifuw.it I. 

W.in|ril R. 

W.imnMriKi.H .... R. 
Wara Cv 



Orenron Tir. .. . 

r*olyn«'j«ia 

ImIi* of <M'ori;ia 
Rrit. .Aiiwrira . 
AuttraKiM.i .. . . 

|(*f.'land 

firit. Aiiif'riiM . 
liril. .\m«Tiea . 



I Wjrnu'.'i r F«l. R'l-^i.i 



XuHtr.tliM.i.. . . 

.<wi il'-n 

I »r«'i:i»ii Ti r.. . . 
IliT;j«n» 



1UC 

wl 

Oc 
Oc 
Ob 
Ob 
Ob 
Qb 
Pb 
Re 
Te 

"r e 

Ob 
!Qb 
I'b 

Lb 
Ce 
Xf 

Ng 
Mo 

Xa 

Of 

:X f 
'N f 

'Mf 
Xf 

M rr 

Lf 
.Me 

Ob 

I)d 

.Me 
Lc 

Xb 

Xb 

Fc 

la 

XI 

Ka 

Xd 

i:d 

n 

Kb 
Xk 
Kb 

a, I 

Mk 
\ i 

V i 

Xb 

i:d 

Nir 

Xa 



N; 



of PlMM, lie 



Waranijol .. . 
Warafidiu ... 
Warberg.. .. 
Wardehuus . 

Warduo 

Waree 

Warj^ala .... 
Warjfala .... 
War^cla .... 
Warning . . . 
Warreeonno . 

Warren 

Warren 

Warren 

Warrender . . 
War row .... 
Warsaw .... 
Warsaw .... 

Wasa 4 

If asa ....... 

Wasulniy • • • • 

Wash (the) . . . 
W.'iMlin;janiy .. 
Washin^rton .. 
WaRliin^tou .. 
Wash in "ton .. 
WaNhini;lon .. 
Washi nifUin .. 
Wanhin^fton .. 
Washita (Ful.^e) 

WashiM 

WasilielTe. . . . 
WaHilietVskoy. 
Waskayuw . . . 

Waskur 

Watsaw 

WassiMMi 

Wai$sela 

Wajt»iilN)o .... 
Wasfi-ras .... 
WatchnMn\i.. 
Waterfiinl .... 
Watlinjjs' Kay 

Wawa 

Way^at ..... 

Wayi;at 

Way^alrh . . . 
Wayjfateh . . . 
Wayi;ee«M* • . . 

Wrblic 

WelrtU'k ..... 

Weeks' 

Week«' 

Weliisk 

Wii 

Wi-ide 

Weidr 

Weihai-wei .. . 
Weldvehurk 
W,ll.>liy '.-*.. 
Wi'Min^ft'iii. . 



ci 



-I- 



n\ 



hMlaoB. 



Kef. 



T. 
T. 
I. 



Ilindoueitan . . . 

'Aufttria 

Sweden 

.Rus!>ia 

,RuMia 

Cy. lUenin 

Din. Rarbarv 

T. jlJarbary 

Sta. .'.Africa 

Ml8.'XcwS.Wak«. 
R . W' i»cun>»in Ter. 
T. iPcnu-^iylvahia. . 
R. I Rrit .Anicriiia . 
l*t. Brit. America . 
C. iirit Anicrica . 

(-ty. (tuiana 

C 'v. Pobind 

T. lllinoiK 

RuKsia 

Ru8>ia 

.HriL Anicrica . 

jF)iigUnd 

I Brit. America . 

;1). ofOilumtia 

Pennsylvania. . 

i.Arkaiuiaii 



Pr. 
'P. 

R. 

I 

,L. 

T, 
T. 
T 
Ih. 
'L 

M- 

It. 
'c. 
I. 



lexas. 



- Polynesia 

iPoIvnchia 

I Western Ter.. . 

..Soudan 

'Kurile KLindn. 



'.Aiiiatic Kiutsia. 
,'Brit. America . 



,R. |.Ai(iatic Uu:i»i.a. 
Din. j Aiihanteu . . . . . 

Pkh. Africa 

Cty.' Africa 



T. 

T. 

C. 

T. 

\. 

T. 

I. 



Africa 

Swedin 

Pdt«i};unia . . . . . 

Ireland 

lUhaman 

'.*^indan ....... 

(■ret*nhnd . . . . 
Sta. (■rifu'iund . .. . 

I. Ru9i<ia 

.<tr. Ru««ia 

Polyncjiia 

'Africa 

|l*abrador . . . . . 

,Pulynt*«ia 

'PolyneMa 

■ Br it .America . 

JThibil 

Bay S|iiii«lnr|rcn . . . 
R. (fri'enland . . . . 
P. 'China 

Brit America . 

.Au*trala»xa... . 

Brit .America . 



t. 
R. 
C. 
I. 
.L 
K. 
Pr. 



Is. 

U. 

ill. 



Rp 
Xd 
Mc 
II a 
Ua 
M U 
Mc 
.Mc 

:M f 

\Vk 

Fd 
Kid 
Fb 

I>u 

Ga 

Ih 

Xc 

Fd 

Xb 

X b 

lie 

M c 

lie 

Oc 

Od 

Fc 

Fc 

Bh 
Fe 
Mh 
,Wd 
:I a 
Fe 

:Qb 

Lh 
Oi 

•Xc 

11 111 

Lc 

■11 f 

'.Mh 

;*• 

|pb 
■Pb 

Vh 

•Oh 

lc 
Wf 

It c 
Sf 
M a 
lb 
r r 

Kb 

V 
.r a 










.1 ILillmia 



. >^ ,BriL Amcrlci .11 
. Rt Jtuuth Shptlind 1 o 

. Fd. iNonrjir Lh 

. Du.!s>ndrn N 

.((.-■iHlIuvc't-. Sc»lldLind..T 

Wdiero !T«.'L'niu^Stii».. Ki 

Wptieru !■& !aUuiUc Ocrwi JK 



Wnum 
Waiera,. 



d Auilral- 



CXJNSULTING INDEX 



While 

While 

Whilp 

Whiio 

Whiw 

While 

Whin 

WhiU! 

Whilr 

Willie Bru . . . . 
While lUrlh . . . 
White ri.h . . . . 
While Fiih . . . . 
Whili' Ki^h Likr 

Whiuhnll 

Whilr Ilaiubh . 

Whiliihwl 

I Whitcunliile , . . . 

Whitilf 

Wholdvah^.... 

Whjddi 

WliyloDUrhv . . . 



.. lAiumluii iVni 

Po. LVcwS-Wilci .IVI 
Ti;r.'l'Dik-dSlttn..|Pc 

.L 



_„ tly. Auilraliui* . . . I" 1 

Woum Spiu- 

htirtn Db. l^pii.lKri^'n ...'Mm 

WcMcrTriU .... (if. I>.il;n»ui W h 

Wrtl Furk R. OnipHi Tw. . . K d 

WcXiaUUia . . . .il. lo-luid 'Kb 

Wnl Ml. a>rnm|Ml. >Vw IluItind-.Tl 

Wobia |C. jHril. Aiorrii-i , <i b 

W«l Ttna U Briu Ainvni-i . 'K c 

WnlraT !■ iScotlatid 't. c 

W('*i sUpen . . I*. Brit. Aiurr..-!. lie 
W[.iVd>ern... I. LaflUni Ml. . M b 

Wrtler. I. - - ■ 

Wrilem -L 

Weirord fr 






Bril. Amair: 



W<Hlf7 il. . - , - 

.,_« iBdium . Tr. hW>.... 

WhalD Itij AlHea.. 

Wtalc 0.J K 

Wh»le.... " " 

While..,. 

Wh«le.... 

Whjli- _ 

Wh.le B». 

Wliale Hirer ... Ho. Brit. A 

Whtle'a B»T ^^jiitj'tirrici'n . . 

Wliak:''! lid. Spitibt'CECn . . 

Whinerkii . . . ., T. Afria 



.1.1 



BrlL Amaii'i 



Wbidbry '!!... jli. lAiu(n>Iiiii 
Wlule |Se» JRiuaii . . 



NrofouniJUnd. [ c 



BiiL Aiiiv 



r-'K d 

..\Et 



Wirk . 



I,, jflril 

lis. :BriL Amirin 

T. .New York .. 

Mta-Afric. 'Nf 

V. Nortli Am. ■ ■ 

'l. {Aui>lnlui& ... 
W lldbndor . . 

I. >BriL America .'Fb 

IT. iD^KHMy |Mh 

'l. iFolyTMi. ;Bj 



"It 



.Bij NewS.W»]e..lWk 
■ 1. Firoe laUndi .,1. b 
-T. Turkey j.V d 

Scghalirn . . 



Wild 

Wilkeiharte. 
WiUrrmlrd . . 
WilVy-« .... 



. V. .VounibiqUG 

.PL (irwnlinil . . 

.'Il (ireeiibnd . . 

.T. PrnrnylTinii.-. - _ 

{l» DriL America .'Fb 

. 'I. ilnulbrni Ocean K a 



t 



William 

Wlll.4111 

William 

William 

WiUiam IV.-^. 
Willijnw- . . . . 
W1II..W Uke. 
Wiiininglon .. 



. n. .Moumbiriuc 
. Ml New ILiUaad 
. Fl. ScoUind.... 



. t.d. BriL Ami 
. K. Mim 



a -Fb 
.<Ed 



. ._ _...^Amerira. J> b 
.Y. .North CanJLni |i: a 

.Pr. >Ru»ia 'N e 

.('■.:RaMia Se 

. Pr. Ne»R.\Vilea.'VI 
:l. jBriL Americ. . F c 

.'Ty. VirFiiiia (J e 

.'Bay Jar. iT i 

. Pi. Mara 'T i 

.I.Xb 



. . T. Rn* 
.T. RuMia 






Ttiki d 



114 



CX)NSULTING INDEX. 



Nmhm el Ilicn, lie 



C 



IN<«itioa. 



Ktt. 

UtM. 



WiniK'iK.'ck iL 

Wiiiii<-|»cck ;Ij. 

Winslow I. 

WiiiU'r Ij. 

Wiiitor !l. 

Winter 'Ills. 



• Brit. America 
llrit Aiarrica 
Polynesia 



Wirtcmburg. . .. 

Wisbudcn 

Wi«bv 

WisicunBin 

WisicunsLii .... 
Withi'lins 



Km. 

T. 

T. 

Ttr. 

K. 

I. 



Fc 
Fc 

Aj 
Urit Anirrira . E b 
RriL America . (> b 

RuKsiii Ob 

(■crniany |M d 

Gothland N c 

i;mlt'dSutcs..'Fd 
WiiUMm»in . . . . 'F d 
Nova Ztmibla ..Pa 



Sweden 



Xb 
Mc 
Kf 
Ob 



Wittangfi .T. 

Witteulierg .... \Cy. 'Prussia 

Wuahoo I. .Sandwich Ih.. . 

Wodio '[j. jKiisflia , — 

Wopdccn jTr. [Africa Oh 

WolcJiich ■MlH.Krit. America .iH c 

Wolehousky .... ,1. !Pi)lyu»sia i(' j 

WoledAboussebajTr. '.Vlriea 'L f 

W'uleil Aly Arabs/l'r. liarca N c 

Woled Deleym .. jTr. Africa L f 

Woled Delt-ym .. Sta. ; Africa L f 



Woled (iormch . 'Tr. 
I Wolt^d llashcni .jTr. 

Wolf 'l. 

Wolf |I. 

Wollaj«ton L. 

Wollaston jL. 

WolUstrm ,1. 

WoUtcnholnic . . C. 
Wulsii It holme . . So. 
WoUtcnhoIme . .'l. 



Africa jL f 

Africa Fj f 

Labrador I c 

Labrador 'He 

Krit. America .|F c 
firit. America .'Kb 
Patagonia . . • 
RriL America 
Hrit. Anirrica 
Brit. America 



II n 

(;b 

Ha 
II a 



Woller ThymeuH Fd. '.SpibjUTpj-n . . . N a 

Woman's U, (vreenland .... la 

Womba T. 'Sfjudaii M (r 

W«xid B.iy Sj»itslMTi;r!i ...Ma 

liay J:in .Muyi n L.. La 



r. iNubi.-i 



Wtio<I 

Wooii C\ |.'NC<»n'}*by's Ld. 

WoiMhilpH Ilk. lAtlanliii Ocean 

Woo«lliurif Buy New (Suirn-a . . 

Woodbury i\ .New (tiiinea - . 

W fiodtii "F. 



WuikI.s 

WimkIv 1 1 fad 
WortU'a . . . . 
Wratti 



I.. 
I'. 



Off 
Ka 

Kd 
Vi 

Vi 

Sdtidan M ^ 

Brit. Ain« rira . F c 
NfW Zt-aLnd. . X 1 
Polynifiia ..... W h 
S('4ili.iiid L c 



Wiijjjirriiml Sl.i. ('.-iih- Colnny . . N I 

I Wiir/liiirjj Cy. Ba%nrja M d 

Wvl»«rj; . 
' W\ n!i , . . 
; Wyr.«;:iir 



• • ■ a 



T. 

r. 
r. 



IK nmark Mu 

SconsliyV Ld.. K a 
IIindiMisi.in . . . K f 



I 



Xa^ni 

\ »ii.i""y . . . 

\ iT.l\ It... 

X« r« /. 

Xi..::,..... 

X>l!<it l«i . . . . 



:• 
.... Ik. 

'f 

It 



■ tt « « 



B.iv!t'ub> C; f 

Mr.i/il I j 

lioiivi.i . 
(■II ttt-i'.i.'il.i 

H. Br.i/tl .... 

T. Hri/.'l .... 

:t. u.iiui... 



1. 1 

li 
Ilk 



Naoid nf I'Uca, lie. 



Clia. 



IWtwa. 






XuUa B('b>ey ... 1. 
Xulla Man^rola ..J. 
Xulla Talyaboo . 'I. 

Yaldanoy 

Vachan i'l*. :Corea 

Yackman 



< .Malaysia ; L' i 

I Malay via L' i 

.Malaybia L' i 



I 



Mttf. Asiatic Ru^i^ia. V c 



r. 



Yacobstat 

Yacootal 

Yacsa 

Yacuy R. 

Ya^uari R. 

Yai.chow T. 

YakoutcH IV. 



R. 'OrijronTtr. 



i: e 

I)d 

T. iRusHia N c 

Bay North America ( ' c 
Asiatic Rut^ia- 1' c 

Brazil I k 

Brazil Ik 

Hainan 'V g 

Aniatic RiiRsia . I ' b 

Yakoutbk Pr. j Asiatic Russia. I' b 

Yakoutsk "V. | Asiatic Rus.sia . T b 

Yall R. j.Mantchooria . . l* d 

Yalnsncss C. 'Ictiand Kb 



X alo R. 

Ya-lontr !R. 

YalouUirovsk . . . T. 
Ya may us ...... Tr. 

Yamlio T. 

Yambur^r T, 



■Mantchooria . . L d 

China Sf 

-Asiatic Russia. Q c 

Mexico K c 

: Arabia Of 

'Rusttia N c 



YaiUhkaya liiy ' Asiatic Rii:(sia. W b 

Yamttkoi T. |.\^iatic Russia. W b 

Yamyehevskoy . T. 

Yana R. 

Yandy -.T. 

Yanp-ehow .... Cy 
Yanj^omi-^ ..... 1 . 
Yan^r-t<(u Kian^ R. 

Yanni R. 

YacMrhow Cy. 'C*hina T f 

Yan-niran Cy. "China S f 

Yaoorie (*y. Soudan M i^ 

Yap I. |Pu]yiu-Ma V h 



'.\«iatic Russia. R c 
I Asiatic Ruscia. V b 

;.S>uddn M h 

.(*hina T e 

'Urujyuay II 

•Chin.i I' c 

'Mantchooria . . I' c 



Yti|ielliiie T. 

Yaruii>k T. 

YarlNirn In. 

Yitrci)tiT(»aii[ioi) R. 

Yar» fi'^k T. 

Yari R. 



• • • « 



111 



r 



•Chili 

Kus^ia I' c 

'Nnrtli Amt-riia ( * a 

ThiU I U c 

RuMsi.t I* b 

Brazd 1 k 



Yark.'uu! (*y. Litth* ilurhaTi.1 (^ d 

Yark.ind R. Lillli* Buchaiu K d 



Yanii'jut'i .... . T. 

Yarmouth T. 

Yarosj.ivl . . .1.1. Pr, 
Yaroslavl T. 



:Nov.t Scotia. . . II d 

' Knfflaiid M c 

RuiMa <Y c 

Rushii O c 



Yarriha Ctv. Soudan Mb 



Yartol»c 

Ya.«a*«liii.i .... 
Yiith K^t-d .. . 

Vir/iMi 

Y'l'lMtw 

Yi-dl.'iNk .... 

Yi h 

Yill 

Yrll 

Y*ll..w 

Yi-ll«iw 



T. LilUoThilict.. R e 

K. '.\Kiatie Ru««u. Y b 

L. iltrit. Anicrua . F b 

R. ^.MiM.stMiippt. ... F b 

Cv. .iMiina T i' 

'I^. j.Xiiiatic Rui«»ia. Y h 

T. llirm.ih S ( 

.*Ni. -Si'otluid I. c 

I. Scotland L c 

Sta Chin.i Cc 

R. :.\i'ri(*:i N k 



UG 



CONSULTING INDEX. 



Maaaaf 



ke. 



Zoar T. 

Zo&re T. 

MlgBII jf F» 

Zoobakic T. 

Koolas Tr. 

Zotina ■ T. 

Zoubisov |T. 

Zowan T. 

Zucia T. 

Zulia Dep 

Zumba |1\ 

Zumba T. 

Zumbo !t. 



AaiUoa. 



RrC 



Oc 
Me 
Mg 



Syria 

Tripoli 

Soudan 

Africa Oh 

CiifTraria Ok 

Aniatic KiiMiiia.|S b 

Russia O c 

Tunirt |Mc 

Fczxan N f 

Venezuela II g^ 

Bcnf^ucla N j 

Afirica O j 

Changanicra . . N j 



4c. 



Cla 



Zurich Cy. 

Zurpanc I. 

Ziirrah I«. 

Zuun^brak T. 

I Zuyder Zee G. 

Zveriij^orod !T. 

Zverinogolevikaya T. 

Zvornik |T. 

Zwartlintjea . . . .^R. 
Zwarten Kock . . jC. 
Zwcllcndain . . . .jT. 

Zwoll JT. 

Zytoinir !T. 



Switzerland . . . 

Polynctia 

Cabul 

Capo Colony . . 
German Ocean 

Riinia 

Aniatic Ruii«ia. 

Turkey 

jCape Colony . . 
tNova Zrmbia . . 
iCapc Colony . . 

illolland 

>Ri 



M d 

Pe 

M 

Mc 

Oc 

Qc 

Nd 

Nk 

Pa 

M 

Mc 

No 



END OF CONSULTlNa IffDBX. 









GENERAL VIEW 



or 



THE WORLD. 



Thi Wo«lo oompriMs Ato gmt diTitiont, tis. : Americm, Bnrope, Asia, 
Africa, and Oceaniea : tlia second, third, and fourth of them, eofoprised all that 
was known to the ancients: hence, this part of the earth is frequentW called the 
Old World, and also the Eastern Continent ; and America, by way or distinction, 
is oAen called the New World, and likewise the Western Continent 

AaciaiCA is a rast continent, entirely separated from the other parts of the earth. 
Though inferior either to Europe, Asis, or Africa in popolatiout and particularly to 
the fonner in knowledge, refinement, and importance ; yet its vast extent, great 
natural capabilities, and the freedom of its political institutions, will, in time, enable 
the nations of the Western Continrat, not only to equal, but probably much to 
surpass, the greatest monarchies of the Old World. 

America was unknown to the ci¥ilised world until comparatively recent timet. 
Greenland was discoTsred bv the Icelanders as early as A. D. 982 ; and either New- 
foundland or New England appears to hsYS been discovered bv Biom, a Norwe- 
gian, in 1009, under the name of Vinland. It is also supposed that the brothers 
2eno, of Venice, discovered the same region, which they called Estotiland, in 
1390 ; but still the existence of a Western Continent was not beliered in by the 
ciTilised world, until the first Toyage of Columbus, in the year 1499. His subse- 
quent TOTSges, in 1493, 1496, and 1509, with those of the Cabots, Magellan, and 
others, shortly established the existence of a New World. 

EonoPK, though the smallest of the three great divisions of the Eastern Conti- 
nent, is the first in importance, the roost thickly peopled, and the best cnltivatsd. 
In modem times it has been the point from which civiliaation and knowledp havn 
been extended to other nations, and its emigrants have peopled all the civilixcd 
eountries of the other psrts of the world. 

Though Europe was the Istest portion of the Eastern Continent that received 
the light of civiliaation, yet it most now be considered as the centre of refinement 
and learning. The most useful inventions in the srts, the finest productions of 
genius, and the improvement of all the sciences, belong to the people of this 
region. 

The southern snd centra) narts of Europe only were known to the sneient dvi- 
liaed nations. The early Christisn missionaries explored the regions of northern 
Europe, and first made the world acquainted with them. The most ancient ae- 
count of northern Europe was written by Alfred the Great, king of Enffland, who in 
A. D. 901 sent Other to sail around the North Cape to the White Sea, and Wulstan, to 
explore the Gulf of Finland ; both of which objects were attained. Iceland 



cini 



118 GENERAL VIEW OF THE WORLD. 

(liscovr-rcd about 840, by Nadod, a Danish or Norwpirian pirate; Spitzbergfen, io 
1553, by Sir Iluirh \Villougbby ; and Nova Zembla, by English navigators, in 1536. 

Asia is the lar^rest and most populous of the great divisions of the (r^obe. It 
has hi.'on t!ie scat uf t^unie of the most powerful empires of ancient timttf, and the 
theatre of many of the most interestintr events recorded in history. 

It was tiere our first parents were ereateil, and from this quarter the descendants 
of N'luh peopled the world after the flood. It was aUn the birth-place of our Sa* 
viour, the M*ene of his niiraeh'S and death, and the field on which the Apostles 
first pi:hlished salvation to man. 

Ill Asia all has continued fixed as if by enchantment. We see empires who5«? 
orirrin is lost in the unknown bei^innin^s of time; laws, institutions, and idea«, 
whirh have remained unaltered during thousands of years, exhibiting a picture ef 
the doiisestir lifi; nf man, as it existed in the earliest ajffs. 

Centr.il Asia bivanie known to the (irceksby the expedition of Alexand»-r the 
(■nat. The naviifMlion to India, via the Red Sea, &e., whii'h bejjan about thn 
commrufement of thi; Christian era, made the Uoman-^ acquainti'd with Hindoos- 

, tan and Tiilbet. China became known to them at a later period, and to the Ara- 
bians about A. D. H50. The Crssades made the nations of Europe more faniiliar 

' with western Asia ; and the travels of Marco Polo, and other travellers who suc- 
ceeded him, opened up Easiurn Asia to their view. 'Hie discovery of the passa^^i' 
to the Eust, by the Oape of Ciood Hope, soon made the southern and easti'm 
coast!* of Asia familiar to Europeans, and the conquest of Siberia, by the Rus- 

. sians. with the exploration of its shores, have made the world acquainted with 
northern Asia ; there are still, however, extensive regions in Central Asia, that 

, are but little known. 

Ai'RK'A is a vast peninsula, joined to A^^ia by the isthmus of Suez. It cpi- 

f irises nearly one-fourth part of the land surtarc of the globe, being about onc-thirJ 
ess than Asia, and three times larger than Europe. 

This quarter of the world is almost wholly in a state of barbarism, yet in ancient 
times its nr>rthern countries were amon<r the most enlightened in the world, and 
. still have written languages. Thry arc now, however, among the lowest of the 
half-4*ivili%cd natirms. • 

Afric a is the hottest reijinn of tho trlfbe, and lies mostly within the tropics. Th'» 
influence of a tr-->pical rtimatn ixtends even to those portions which are in the 
temperatf^ zones. 

1 he knowjediro which thr« anrii>nts had of Africa was confined to the regions on 
the north side of the equator. The more southi-rn coasts were (rrndually explor^-d 
by the Portuouese. Zarco discovered Madeira in l-WJ. Noel discovered the 
Cape de Verde islands in l\U]. Escovar coasted Guinea in 1471; Deieo C*am 
'sailed to Conoo in I1S|; and Ilartholomew Diaz reached the sonthem point of 
I Africa in I H<i. Va^-o de Cauia first sailed around that (-ape, and reachtMl India 
in 1111'^. Since that time many enterprise*;, both by sea and land, have been un- 
dertaken, for the puTputfO of exploring Africa; still, our knowledge of it it ei- 
eecdingly imperfect. 

OccANii-A is the last efftahlished and least important of the great divisions of th«> 
. earth. It compris«>s a va«>t asst^mblaije of islands, situated partly to the south ol* 
j Asia, and partly in the wide Pacific bftween Asia and America. ' 

The discovery of this quaru^r of the globe commenced after .\meriea and the 
Pacific Ocean were known to Europeans. The interior of some of its br^rr 
ialan Is are among th#» least known portions of the earth, and many of the inhabit- 
ants an- still ill A state of ihr most savage and degrading rudent >•«. 

The discovery of Oceanica bfgan with the Portuguese, who. immediately after 
they had fuind thfir way to the East by the <*ape of (lood Hopr, ci^nnienced the 
work "f rxplorinir th«' ad|actnt insular regions. Magellan f-dlnwed, in I5'2I. AnA 
first c-ivv an nifa of iht- vmt i-xlrnt of the Pacific CVcaii. Many adventurous 
navi'_'»t 'f, hiiuM* ihni pfMn}. h.ivf fr..in time t«» time ivplorid all parts of the 
^acifi'* On an; ►o ihut pr-hahlv \vt\ little remains to br known. 



AMKKU'A. 119 



AMERICA. 

Amcrica m a vast continent coinprirtinir oni* nf the rrranil tii%'i>ions ot'the 'ilobc*; 
It I' iit 1111.4 an exti'Hi of tt rritory nearly I'qiuil to hdll tin; art a of the Kasteni 
i.\M-.!iiii'nt, constituting about thri*t*-ttMiiits nf the ilry hind i<n the Ktirface of the 
eirih '. It i^ ^a ashed on hnih sides hy vast octaiiH, on the east hy tho Atlunlii*, and 
on i:ii' we^t by ihe l*ai-ific. It ranLfi'fl from north to Hoiiih thruui/h I'Ja dt'greesi of | 
lain .<!f. and in its widest part 1 L( di^irreoA of lon(;itude, bfiii;; in lenvtii about- 
'.Hioti iitiii'ji, und in avor.'i<>e breadth about *Ji)Oi); the extent nf surface has been ^ 
vari'-.^ly ttitiniated at from M.trJ-.MUMi to 17,:h)3,0OO ft<|)]are niili-s. I 

AiiitTiiM coiii|ireh»'nds the whole cf the trupiral and temperate climates, withi 
part • I till' aretii* vn butli sides o( tin* equator. The wli'dt of the coniin''nt n<irth , 
• 'I" l.i!r..>di' Ct7i^ may be ronHidertd as a tro/eii n-jion. In (irei-nland, and around 
iIiiio<n*s Hay, iiifrcury fn-fzes in wintir. and iee and miiow aecuiiiulate on the 
laini and water, and civerit a ^rrat p.'.rl nf ttie c->iintry thruui;hout tho year. Thcj 
wiht>; brains in Au>;uiit, and ecntiiiues f<ir iiint* monthi-i. In summer the In at is 
us ^TiMt as in New Kn^lanil ; it continues, however, for loo short a pericul t<> brinL;: 
\i:.iu\ i.» maturity, and cultivation h vrry little practiced. Vegetation is too' 
scanty t<> iiiipply tho inhabitants witfi any considerable part of their food : they ! 
tiu-rT t -re live chiefly on seals and other productions of the sea. 

liriueen .M and 1 1 ni>rth, the climate of North America is still severe. In. 
wmi'T thi» c«dil is intense, and the snow, which bei»ins tti fall in Ni»vember. re- 
main- till .May. The summer advances with such rapidity, that the season of 
ftpniM; is harilly km^wn. In June the fields and forests are covered with luxuriant 
verdnre: ^rain is abund.iiii, and in some districts is culiivatud with Hucce<«s. 
'I'h" »• inpi-raii' porti ms of Nnrth America may be consider*'d asextendincr frnin \i'P 
ti> rC ii-rth latltuiie. These p-'^i-'US are prri'lifie in j:r'»'*^« ihe various desiTipli<>ns 
I'lj'ri.ii, and a variety nf fruiN are priMlnood in ureat abundant'«\ From 1*7 ile- 
tjri' t north to the laiituile of -to di'^frees south, thi' climate is hot, and the pr>- 
du«'is ennstiiute som** nf the nmst valuable arlieh s of eominerce, beinrr cliiefly . 
t«.b.i''«- ). cnttnn. rice, indiifti, I'l'lfee, Ri«j-ar, .ind the various tr«»pici| fruits. Heymd 
I itii-i<!i- In S!iuth. the rliuiate aiMin bciMines cnld, and at Terra del Kueii«t it is' 
S' v. .e. At :h - S >i:th Sh''t!ahd Nianis, in laiiiude lilt and 01- s<aith, the climate 
IS th'.t of (Ki-enlaiid and Spiizhir{;en ; islands of ii'e are tiis^int; tliMUi;!! the seas. 
and ih" land is pi opied nnly by those animal furms peculiar to the .Antarctic t*ircle. 
Nature in this rontineut a-^^iiines an •i«.prci nf peculiar inaunili''enci' ; for whether 
we ctin-idcr its mo'int lins, its rivers, its lake<;, its forests, or its pl.iins, .Vmerica 
appe.ir<« to be dintiiiiruitbed in all those leadiii>r features by a i;ran<leur not t>t bej 
I'ound in th- oth'.r pirts of tlie rjlnbe. 'Hiis cnntinent contains a ifri-ai variety of 
wil.l aniiiials, and since ii>« discovery the species usually domestica!«d in Kurope 
have been intr-'duced, and an* now fouml in RTPit abundance. The birds are 
••xceelin'jly numerous, and arc said to b<* more beautiful in their pluioafrc than 
those of th» old continent, but in their noti-s less melodious. | 

The VfMjptable kin<rdrim of the Western Tontinent is in the hiijliest decree rich; 
and varied; m:iny of the trees are amontrst the most omatncntil and useful; the 
fruit* are rich and in ereat profusion ; tlie plants and flowerini; shrubs exceci'.inijly j 
(diversified a!id beautiful, and almost all tiie various spucics of j^rain necessary to 
I su<ita:n lift! are cultivated, and alTnrd abundant crops. | 

Tb- <Hd \Vorld is iiidebird to the New Inr wo.ne of its most useful vegetable' 
produ«'[ion4. P<ital m»««. thou-jh not intr".lueoi| into the Kastern Continent until a 
ceiiturv after the tiuu' nf (■••iumbus, already f'»rm an important part of the f»od nf. 
most Karopean nations ; ami tobacco. aUo of American oriirin, has been difl'used 
Ifrom one extriMnity of the Old World to the other. The Western Continent han 
likewise furnished the su<;ar-cane, maize, or Indi in corn, millet, vinilla, pimentonr 
alUpioe, and the cinchona or Peruvian bark, so useful in medicine, with copaiba, i 
jalap, nux vomica, Kc. On the other hand \m«»rica is indtbied to the Old World . 
for a ;rreat number of the ('ereal grasses, irwn and fruits. At the head of thi 



120 AMERICA. 



former may bo placed wheat, barley, oats, and rice. The cofioe plant, now a 
staple American production, is also derived from tiie casu*rn continent, hc^ili^N 
oranii^es, lemons, peaches, apples, and most kinds of fruit trees. The appl»-:t 
of the eastern and middle states are very superior to any raised in Britain; }ci 
they are derived from plants brought from that country. 

in mineral treasures America surpasses all the other quarters of the ^l-iSr. 
South America and Mexico abound particularly in the precious metals, and ; :r\i 
ample supplies have been carrii^d to European markets that their value has l^e* n 
greatly diminished since the discovery of the American mines; all the more owt- 
mon metals, minerals, and precious stones, are found in great profusion, and many 
of them furnish the materials for extensive and important manufactures. 

The inhabitants of this continent have been estimated by various \vriterf« at 
from 30 millions to 50 millions; but are now probably about 16 millionis; r>t' :hi» 
number about 20 millions are supposed to be whites, 9 millions of the abori'jines 
9 millions of negroes, and 8 millions of the mixed race, as mulattoes, zain- 
bocs, &.C. The whites arc chiefly English in the north, and Spaniards in the 
south, with some French, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Danes, Swedes, d:.c. The 
negroes arc Africans, whom the cupidity of the European raceia has drarrged into 
slavery, or descendants of tlie earlier victims of a barbarous traffic. 

The aboriginal population consists of two distinct races, the Esquimaux, inhib- 
iting the maritime districts of tlie Arctic regions, and the copper-coloured Indians, 
who arc spread over all the rest of the continent; tlicir origin has been a 8ubj*'Ct 
; of much investigation, but the total absence of historical records anion;: tho 
I Indians themselves, renders it diflicult to arrive at any satisfactory result It ha.4 
I been discovered that there are remarkable resemblances between Eonic of th*- 
languages of Asia and those of the Indian.s and hence it becomes nearly certain 
I that they came from the Asiatic continent, but at what perioil they cmigratoi! it 
I is impossible to determine. It is evident that they are a distinct people, b*:ine 
essentially difTcrcnt in several respects from any of the existing races on ili" 
eastern continent. 

The natives in some parts, particularly Mexico and Peru, were considerably ad- 
vanced in civilization. Those inhabiting Mexico were denominated Aztecs ; ihe.r 
government was a sort of feudal monarchy, in which the nobles and priests nion<> 
pulized the power, the mass of the people being mere serfs attached to tJie sml. 
The Aztecs had neither tame animals, money, nor artiflcial roads ; but tlicy were 
acquainted with tiie arts of weaving cloth, hewing stone, can-ing in wood, and uf 
modelling in soil substances. Their method of picture writing, though rude, c-ri- 
pared with the alphabets of the nations of the old world, was superior to any 
thing else found in the new, and enabled them to transmit intelligence and to r<*< 
conl events with sufllcient distinctness. Their calendar was more accurate than 
that of the Greeks and Romans, ond evinced a degree of scientitic skdl that ha« 
created suspicions of a foreign origin. 

The govpmmcnt of the Penivians, or Quichuas, was a theocracy of the mo^t 
despotic character ; the sacred Incas, descendants of the sun, were at once tem- 
poral and spiritual sovereigns, and the people, or children of the earth, were k<*pt ' 
I in a state of complete servitude, living occonling to minute regulations wh.ch riv 
duccd them to mere machines, labouring in common, and holding no property 
I The Quichuas employed the lama as a bf*ast of burden ; constructed mads of irrtvit 
j extent ond Mtlidity; built suspension-bridges of a most ingenious kind; forme*! 
1 chisels of a hard alloy of copper and tin; understooil the art of moving laretr , 
masses, and excelled the Aztecs in the porfectiim of their masonry, hut were in- 
ferior to the latter in their mode of computing time and in their method uf recurd- 
j ing events. 

The political state of America presents some striking features and ronlra>t>. 

The native tribt^n who Mill Mirvive, are partly held in subjection by Europ<?a:i 

i .Americnns; but iho greater number wander over their extoiu«ivc wilds, either in 

rude indefw?(nlrnr.», or ruli«<l def^Hilically by their chiefs and caciques. The Eu- 

rn|)enn ci>h>n:!«ts, who form now by (iir the mcKit numerous and im|iortant part of 

■ the (xipulation, u*re long heltl in subjection tci the mother countries, tiie chief of 



I2*J NORTH AMERK^A. 



British posBesBions, it finally sinka to a level on the sliores of the Polar Sea, west- 
ward of the Mackenzie River. Its extent id probably not Icsa than 5000 milea^ 
and in its cfcncral course it is nearly parallel to the Pacific Ocean, forming the 
grrcat dividinj^ ridi^c, or line of Eoparation, between the eastern and western ' 
waters, the principal of which have tlieir orij^in in its rugj^ declivities. 

The only other extensive rani^e is the Allej^hany or Appalachian, which, nin- 
ninfr parallel to the eastern const of the United Sbites, tlirows off some irre^lar 
and rather slightly connected branches diverging into Canada, Labrador and the 
vicinity o\' Uudson^s Bay. This consi^ls principally of two parallel chains, the 
Allcgliany and the Blue Ridgo. These, however, are not so extensive in their 
range, nor do they attain the elevation of the great western chain. 

The rivers of America constitute perhaps her grandest natural features, or at 
least those in which she may cloim the most decided pre-eminence over the other 
quarters of tiie globe. They are unequalled, both in their length of course and 
I in the vast masses which they pour into the ocean. The principal of these take 
their rise in tlie great western chain, from its eastern side, whence, being swelled 
by numerous streams, they roll, brood and spacious, across Uie great interior plain, 
\ until they approach the eastern range of mountains : thence they derive a fresh 
' and aipious scries of tributaries, till, bearing, as it were, the waters of half a 
continent, they reach the ocean. Thus, the Missouri (which, notwithstanding the 
error which has rrivon the name of the Mississippi to the united channel, is un- 
doubtedly, in a physical view, the main stream) takes its rise in tlie Rocky Moon- 
tains, then flows eastward into the great central valley, where it is joined bj the 
Mississippi, and there receives, from the Alleghany chain, the copious tribute of 
the Ohia In its course thence soutliward, it receives tributaries both from the 
eastern and western range. 

The Sl Ijiwrence and Mississippi proper derive their ample stores not from 
i any mountain cliain, but from that cold watery region of swamps and forests 
I which forms the northern prolongation of the great central plain. Tlie Mackenzie 
land Great Fisli River which flows through the north into the Arctic Sea, have a 
' long diversified course, but, from the barren regions which they traverse, are of no 
commercial value. 

The lyikes of North America are numcnjus and important; they arc not, how- 
ever, iinnintain lakes, nnr tiirmcd by mountain streams. They originate in those 
great wmKled and watery plains whence the MissisHippi and the St. Lawrence 
take their rise. The chain of connected lakes on the up{ier course of the latter 
river, Ontario, Erie, Huron, Michigan and Superior, form tJie largest bodies of 
fresh water in the world. Cuinmunicating witli the sea by the broad channel of 
the St. Lawrence, and in n country whose population is rapidlv increasing, they 
are becoming of the greatest importance to commerce. Similar lak'.'S extend to 
, the northward as far as the Arctic Sra; the I^ake of the Woods, the Athabasca, i 
I the (vreat Slav<s and the Great B<?ar I^ake; but tliese, unconnected with any 
other sea, and frozen tor the greater part of the year, cannot serve any commer- 
cial purfMise. 

The Plains of the New World fi^rm almost as great and remarkable an olgect 
as its nuHintainH. In North America, of those more especially worthy of 
tion, the first is the plain along the Atlantic, between that ocean and the 
' range of mnuntains. To that belonffs the original territory of the United 
It is a reffifin of natural f<irf>sts; of mixed, but rather poor soil, and of bat mode- 
rate fertility. The second is that on the opposite side of the continent, between 
the Rcicky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean ; a coimtry with a mild and homid 
atnuwphorf, as far north as Tkj^, but inhospitable lieyond that latitude. The most 
extensive i< \ho great rrntnil valley of the Mis»<isiippi, rich and well wooded on 
{the east side; bare, hut ni)t unfertile in the middle; dry, sandy, and almost a 
desert nil the we(>t. Thi.4 vn<t plateau is prolonged witliout intemipcion, from the 
I Gulf of M(*xir(i to the shores of the Polar Sea. so that, as has been observed, one 
:of itx li'iniiTH H mvenMl with the palms and the splendid fuliage of the trofNCi^ 
while, in the niher. ilw la^t ImuIh i»f arrtir vegetation expire. The area of this 
,'gretit pl.iin is e>tiiiifitei] at M,*JI(MNHI sipiare niilc?s. 
I ii fcii i I lilii 



! NOUTIl A.MEKii'A. 127 

! 

Ifular rrpiilc has lont? pcrplcxnl natural isLj. koidc tliinkiii(r it a tadpole or imper- 
, tcct tro^ ; it IS now, ii«iwuvcr, tiiliy ai«ccrtained to Im an adult animal. 

Til** ahiiri;;inal AiiKTicanrt nil runtstitutr, at ihr prpsnnl clay, by their physical 
c!i:ini<'t(*rs nut lfv««4 th:ui hy th>Mr hin^uajrrsi, a ract* (IttlcrcMit troui thiMC known ' 
U*!i»ro tliv ili?covi»ry ••!" Ainrnca. niid preserve throughout thi»« va>t extent ol'cuun-« 
try an<l vanoty i»(' chmat':;*, tiie i<ame e^tpential charactcristicH. Tlu'y have a cop- 
\m'T Citliuir, re»4.>uiblMi;r that of ru>ty intn or cinnaniuii. coarse. htnii{;ht, black hair, 
iiiirh riirek-Uines, ami Hunkcn eyeri; it has been atHnueii that tliry arc without; 
UmFiU. but It i:< wi'U u'H'tTtniiitHl that *hid is not the can; naturnlly, but that luost ^ 
cit' titt-iii tukti trreat pains lo pluck lliciu out. Aliuustall tlie Imiians near Mexico, 
.aittl those nil ttic iKirth-west f;oa^t, w«'ar nui«tachi<Ki. The AizHTican Indians arc; 
pi'ii'T.illy enct and of tiur turiiid, with tew iiiKtunces of decrepitude or deiorniily ; 
, thi'y have cleaner IiiiiUs not mi luuK'ular. and with less tendency to corpulence, 
than thi* whili-rf. As a nice th^^y have countenances that are generally unjoyous, ! 
iHtiTu and ruiuinatini;; it is witli them eitlu'r {rbiouiy taciturnity or iNicchaualian 
. revel. Th*'ir iiiiivihsible torlitmle and eiiiiurance of ^uflerin<r, their contempt of 
I |iui!i and lif'nth, inve.-t their chnrui'lf*r with a kind of moral ;:rand€*ur. It is to be 
duubtti!. hiiWfver, wh**(hi'r s^jiiie |Kirt <if his vaunted stoicism be not the result of 
a ini)r»' than ordinary dxirrre of pliVMcal insensibility. Like all ignorant pcxiplc. 
nnat*!>- t * trace th>' relatmn lietweeu resulL< and causes, they arc beyond all other ^ 
sii{HT>t:ti'iu.>-. It liny be laid down as an universal trait of Indian character. The '. 
. warriur uho brn\t*s dfath a th<iUMind tim*'.s and in i>very toim in the fury of battle, . 
carr;<-s with huu to thf i-nuiUit a little chririii*Hl lia;r of tiltliy and distrusting iiirrre- ; 
dieuLsin winch U*- jdaccs no little reliance «)r :;ecurity against the balls and 
arrows that arc dirt*ct<*ti atramst iiim ; all sava^res in this rcirion are hospitable : 
even tiic en**niy wliom tli**y would iiave souirlit and slain far from their cabins, ' 
I uhn prestMitJi himself fearlcsnly there, claims and receives tiieir hospitality. They 
iacconl to the cabin hearth the hun-jurs ami the sanctity of an asylum. ) 

Since the introduction of the horse by Ktiropcans, many of the Indian tribes 
have acquired an ustnniHliin^ decree of skill in tiic luanaf^emenl of that noble aiii-| 
mal ; anions; thc.*<c an* the l*nwiiees, tlie Coinanchos, the Sioux, ttiu Apaches, 
, iShoshonecEf, Knneshoors, and oliicr tribes : some of tliesi; have also borrowcii the | 
use of firc-aruis from tlicir Kiir(i|iean neighbours, but m |;eneral they have rejectc«l 
the artA of peace and ctvihuitioii. 

Pcrliaps there is no tribe amoni; the American Indians so de^rraded that it haa 

, iK>t K>me notion of a higher (tower tiian man, and in general tiiey s-pem to have 
entertained the idea of n lin^at Spirit ns a master of life, in sliort, a Creator, and, 
of an Kvil Spirit, holdiiii; divid'^l empire with him over nature; miiiy of them 
have priests, propiieL-*, and sorcerers, in whose su|)eriiatural powers they trust, 
and most, if not all, apjxnir to believe in a future state ; many attempts have bet*n 

I. made by benevolent pt.'rnins to convert the abori<;inal tribes lo the ciiristian reli- 
^it)n, to teach them the arts of peace and civilizinl lile, and to train them to habits 
of industry; but so little has IxMrn tiie effect of th(>*e etrorts, that many do not 

.hesitate to pronounce it impossible t.i en^ratl the Kiirop*.*nn civilization nn tlie 
Indian ciiaracter. Some duubttul exceptions to this p'lieral failure of the atli*mpt9 

:. If) effct the civilizatii>n of tlic IndiatLs occur in the L'niti*d Slates, vhere some of 

.the Cherokees ami other tribes hold profierly, cultivate the ground, and practise 

' the useful arts. 

I- Tiierc are some circumstances which invest tlin present missionary eflfltrt'S with' 

I stmn^fr probabilities of success than any that liave prect.'ded tliein. Thi' numlier 
of Indians that are halt-breeds, or mixture-* of tlie blooil «if thf whites, is irreat, 
arvl couiinually incr»^«sin«j. The.-«** jj».'neral!y cspi-usi*, either fr«iin conviction or 
from parly fi'elin^r, the cause of civil. zation and chri>tinnity. It is more uiuver- 

. sally believed than it once was that Christianity is tlo* reli^^ion of sockiI and 
civilized man. Instead of relyinj; much on the hop** tif thi? conversion of adult 
huntinif and warrior sava^^es, the effort is chietly directeil towards the yoiin^f. 
Si-iiiKils, the loom, the anvil, and tlie plousrh. are s«'nt to them ; amiil>'t the comtorLJ 

■ i-tabihty and plenty of cultivation, tiiey are to be iiiibuei} with a ta.ftc tur civilized i 



UM KOKTB AMERICA. 

fUil <^ ibe AniL-naui sninuls of ita c\um: Jt livci in latg« Imrla, and •■ buaA 
DVBt I miwiiloKLIn poniao of Norlh Aiuortca ; it u Mh! to dMpfar vrau «amity, 
Id ihn Roitlmuke, which it contrive* to cnwii hy Icapin; witb ib £m » < i«< ccb> 
joined and druppiog ^pcDdiculartf ui t>i« ■erpcnU baiiiidiiii,' BVniy wtUi past 
[i|>tiliios», Mid rspmUng thia stltvk unlil hm eiicmjr i> dotnqrai. 

Oii« apccir* of Anlelnpn, tli« ptrmgAiomud, i* poculiu to Annha ; iL ia « 
tfTacuful aad flcrl animd, n nwifl that it VL-emi nihrr to Sy liwa I'^p Inm ntk 
til rocli ID Ilie rii^»d rcffluM which it inhabits; theji liva ni<(n«U nmilicc, aad 
VQ innd in ihe vwl pUm of iho MiMcari uiA Suksieliawui, in ttM Tidm^f of 
111* Rock;; Minintaiiu. 

TtM) Amoncaii Bimd. or Buflklo, once coninon fa (he Uotlal 8lkta^ I>m pa* 
dadi* diiBfipcarrd bcfbrc ih* white popnlntion ; it ii»« only Mlatt lu tlM WM if 
ihe JJi»nMi)ipi. and rmiiui ovrt tJic rut cnta^ fAiiitm in tin Tieiiul; dT th* RMtjr 
IfotiDlaliu 1 bum it ia bnaad lU iaiaetiM] herda. aJuouUbiKi K ii Mid. aftestOM* 
to IKmi ftOOO lu 10,000 hr«d ; tbo flmli b) t«iid«r iixl juicj, and the Umgou nri 
hump, or «-](;, irv in particular eatecmcd ^at delicMiaa. Tlw Muak Os dcrirai 



nemo Irotii iti llnib, wheu in a Iian alatc^ amellinff Hnoffij tS tful 
i* truly an Arctic ajiiina], being round only in t£o hanoi Unit bmnd 
6r««l Slava I.B)Mt, u>d u &? north *» Melvilln bland la TA". In tua tb« M 



Oi •ciro«lT oquala thai of the «mal] liighluwl CAlOe, (1m c«rea«i whi 

Bot weiKhioe inoro fhoD S curL ; it UKemblM in fa«<lt asd Sec* at Hie Mgfat if 

men ; it i« much hnnlod boUi bf Iho IndiatM and F>(|iiini«n>. 

UrrIb of wDd Honea roam over the ffr«Bt idalna nn both aida dl ike Rockr 
MuUntaiiM, and liha thcao axittinir tinier tiniikr circuaiHinca ia lbs aonlfeEis 
continent, are the oAapring of the Eoropnui animsl. iraiairtMl wca «Aer th* int 
a(il1ion«Dt uf ttra cmintrr. Tbay aro fintnil itm-a I'l-iaa In i^ plain af iJm ft» 
katcliatntn, and are nf trmt impnrlanco to Uia Nnmidic Tril)e^ >lta Irm Vit/m 
not onlj Ibt tnUMportinir liioir luabi and liinillm ftom plaoa to plan, hM aliD far 
iha purpom uf nr, tlie ctuae, mhI of find ; the Dull of iht beoK fasow Ob 
msMlr uacd by tb« Rpokaina and wrcml '-'J-«r tnbo^ and ItkawiM at tinaa ly thn 
naUeAtf or ui* lludaan'* Bnjr Conipuiy a poata en the (Mm n Jin Rtvtr u4 m 
WanchvL A few iodkvuluaii t€ (lio WiU Horw patdiaMd hf ciiinena of ika 
Dnfted States Ana the Inliuia, bavo bmro Ibuiid TttmaHnUo Kit llmr apavrf -mk 

Of the Cat bind thia cMitiftnnl eonlaini aewnl apeciea, nil muhHt n nM it i Mn. 
like their CMffttten of Ihn old wntld, lor (he bewtf and dtvoraflv u flmfa- eadovr. 
aad tb« trwdieir of their dinotiUaa. The eoopr, or pUM. oUad «!■■ tba m^ 
tbsr, it (be lamM ud moat fimnidablB of it> cbut fiNBid in Phrtli Ammea.; a m 
abual one-thira ]«B in aiie than the lion, ami of iMlBrient atrtofflli to tmtrj n nn 
up a tree ; ihoagii now ruv in Uio nian> aetUed |MTla ef the aauinani. it tt een» 
einnally net with lu the remote district* af the lTniu4 8Utn. I 
calvn, aheep, tie., but baa slao b««n knoan lo aUadc maa. TiM f 
Btl iiT me eat hnnl, tacmblinK thii panlher, ' ' ' " 
■Ian the oeokit and tifor-caL 
~ xkj ktonatain eheef 
di tbtj denve ibeir b 

SMCfl hanfin« daam on both aida like that of the neriBD bt«a4, Ihe 
bair ia lixi; aad atnutit, onanwe than that «r Ui* aheep^ tan finer than tlnl af iha 
AanMte coa^ (be Roehjr MniMain riwep i* krgtr ihtn any ibmeetie ahMp ; the 
botne of Ihn nn «re imnnan. In Mme « the dd once «o mneh eo a* W B nj t M < 
the sntmnTa fenditw coi lerel jimnnd. The hair in like that cd' tW nlaienr, tt 
inl dmrt, ftne and fleiMn, but ae Ihe wioler admieea it beroaiea rnane, iiiy ari 
hritUn, tbaa(failfiMda«dl; it » than » ekee •• le beotne end ; ibejr eoUnci ki 
ioeki ftma ibMe tn Ihnrtj, the ronnf now and Iknaki beidinK U«vtlMi; wUt 
Ow old raiae brai narali Bbbk 

The petneiaaJ hr^oahof aaunala ef N«Rh America an the bmrer. niw imiilfc 
or mnriint, ^nMBtrten, pekait. or fibber, the Canada Irni, reoraan, and itaM, « 
■miDB. Tmm aaimaU are all dillfealljr faimlnl. tvtft hjr Indiana aad the iaW 
ItilMle rf Ifcf W«tl«0 p»rU of Ibo cuotmunt in which anj of then ai» yet fiaofrfc 



NCIKTII AMKKIl'A. I*i5 



, (hi'ir hkinK niakf an iiiipi'>rt.int Koni nf rxjxirt tu I-«iiriip«\ ]inrticuliirly liDin CiniKin ; 
KJiiio <if lhr.<i» niiiin.il}( arn I'viilf^ntly iltM-n-asinij with irn-al rapiility. Th'^ wrll 
known b«»a\or w twiw alniiot rxrln^sivflv rciiu'mfil hi (*ana<ia nnc] Iho iiort!i-wri«l 
i!>frirt.H ol' Amrrmi ; rv«Mi Iuti*, ImwrviT, th«ir nmiiU^rs «ro ilailv (iiiiiini;:tiini;. 
III tho yrnr 17i:< lli»' nii|h'rlj» ot* Im'.'ivit ^kllls intiHhi* imrln nt" I/inilim aihl Ki>- • 
I iirIN' t-\,-priljMl iritlJMNI; in I'^'Si lhi» iinixtrt, tfiiiu(;li fnnn tour time?* t!ip I'VluntI 
I'l" t'lir niuiitry knnwii in 17 Ti, wa«* U*?»^ tinn 'ill.lMMI; nf llic intisqiia.^h. Ivlwccn ! 
41NMHH) an«l TilNMNK) hkuu aro annually rxprirtiMl troiii Canada, aiul of the pinc- 
uiartru l(MM^H) skui?*; tlin lattfr aro umM tiir thnuiiinf^s and will dyu fso well an 
til iiiiilatc sahlcM and cilhor t'X|M*usivo t'urn, In-nro they havi; alwaytp born an im- 
|iiirtant article nf cuninifTco. Ttir si'iHitttT ai:o turnisilieH a lurtjp amount of 
valmhle fur-*, priiicipally tn the Kussi-ms cm tho nortli-wt^sl ccwrst, 

Thi^ dtii: kind fxhibits scioral varirtii's not tiinnii in orlii>r prts of the world: 
f>f thi'M^ th»' Nfwfiundlaml di>7 it* riMiinrkahU* tor its isat.raL*ity, irrnat bulk and 
«tr»»:ijlh. Th«» K^yjuimaux duL', alho a larjri' variety, 11* vury u.-ftul to tlic M-itiui- 
ni:uiv anil tin* tradi-rn in drawnifr iIumt fur;* and bai'iraffp. The N«irlh Amfrican : 
doff IS iitH'tl in the nudH«iirs Ibiv rounlriffi both an a U^aet of drauifht and in tlic 
(*h:LM>. and alho for tinMi, it<* flffh U*in;; esteciued by the (Canadian voya{;er«, or 
C4iniii'-ni»*n. Miprrior to all ot!n'r. 

FiiX*"' and wolvf'!« abound in nio>*l parts of the crntral ami nortli«*rn rrffii»n.< of 
,tiin nintin'Mit ; of iho Ivinm'r thvri* arc the arctic. Kooty, rro!>s black, (rrny, and j 
rfil fo\. and of tii«* latter, the .Moxican, the irray, reel, tdack, du*<ky. and harkini;, I 
or prairie-wolf. Of tlic opo:«uin, found from IVnnsyUania to BrHZil, tiiere arc | 
sf'vera! -spines, of wh!«*h the Vir^riuij. or conunon o{xta>suiM. i;* w«*ll known in tlio i 
I'nited States; also, the tkiink, nKinnotrt of dilferent Hp**cics, Njuirrelis hareiis and 
a \*T*ml variety of other smaller animals. 

The whale i^pccies an* numerous on the northern rai>U; the ni(«-t utu.'fiil and 
remirkabb* an* tin* eoiiimon rnii :<|icrmireti whale, and the narwiiale, or siea- 
unK'orn. The enmnuin seal tVei]ii(Mit« the, m>i er>i>t.t |>t«rhaps tliri.>u(;honl the 
uorlil. but is in North AmeriiM ni<krt nuiiieniu^ in hi::!i northrrn lalitiuhns and is | 
of the tfreatiHt U!<** to the Ks^pniiiHii.v ami otiiiT inhuhitanls of tho-io tro/.i-n re^iuiiii, j 
furni.-*hini; them with all the ni'i'<*.N.s:irie.s of life, thfv are of various kinds, a:< the j 
hoiJibHl, harp, fetid, ursine, and «rreal seal. 

.^Il»^t i»f the Birii;* of North AnnTiea, and «'>peri:illy those of the {.'nited Slates, 
are now renderinl as taiiiiliar to lin* Kuroivan naturalist :*.s thosn of his own cuun- 
Trv ; for ihev have Uvn more aldv and mi>re fullv !ll(i>trate«l than tlio^e of any 
|Nirt of the World. Ua^vicious birds are here as numerous as in other parts ot the , 
eartii, and of a };reat many ditr>'p-nt h{»>ries. inrludint; (•»<;], '.d, vultures, l.awks, j 
I'alcous, owls, ^c. The \« lute-headed or Inld-headeii ea^fie is well known aii b» 
' inif the ch(feH*n emblem of our own republic. It is rouunon to ImiIIi contnuMitu;. 
but, while it sf>em.s almost entirely rontiiie<l to the arctic re^rjons of the old wurld, - 
it ttlioumU in the miltler re^rions of the rinted States', in the new. It is notorious' 
for ilfi lawlejifl habits; rohbinir ihi* fi.->h-hawk of his liartUwon \ii'tiin. and even. 
coni}N'lIin;; tht* vulture to di'«;:or!:e itt> filthy pn-y. The \ulliires are llie preal, 

< ('alitornian vulture, black vulture, and turkey biiz/jird. The lir-t ^fems toU- con-i 
: fini'd Ui California and the adjoinin<r rejruuis west of ihi* KiKrky .Moiiiitain.-:: theyi 

bu:ld thi'ir neslj< in the niost secret parts «»f the nine torest^: they ineasure troiii 
toiir to four and a Irilf feel in leiiirtii. Tln'ir 1I«-1 i" cnrrion or d«";id ti-h, ami they 
will in no instance attack any liviii:: animal, un'.e.-s it lie wounded and unable toi 
w.ilk. In searchiiiiT tor their prey, they nwir to a ^'■reat heiijht ; and. on diM'nver-, 
in.T a vounded dei-r or other auimal, they tidlow its trtck un!il it sinks <li'<iblet]i 
to the ijruund. Althoiiuii i>nly on«' bird may lie tir-t m po.-"e»;on, it is hhim snr-j 
roii.'ided by i;re.it mifjilHT-. uho all titll uji-tii the cari'a»N and tiexoor it to a >kele- 
I'-n within an hour, evi-n tii'-u^'h it b»j a hon»i' or a ^lli;. Tiie bhrU vulture and j 
i turkey bu/./.apl are Uith well kni*wn aii'l mimcrous m th*- Hnithem .'^taies i.f our 
! riiion, \\hi're, n-ttwith>laiidm;; their liltiiy habits, they are pr«-t»Mted by law and 
j conimon u<:i;:e, hi-ini^ of i:r»-at ulilify in d»'vr.iirin;r putrid annual luatler which 
I w..'.ji.l otherv i>e he hiirhly otV'Jisive and injurious. 

The wild lurkev is wcnli.ir to AiniTn"a : it is a fine Inrir*' bjnl, of brilliant 

< . ' ^ 

11' 



128 RUSSIAN POSSESSIONS IN NORTH AMERICA. 



institutions, arts, industry, and religion ; at the same time erery philanthropic man 
will wish these efforts of benevolence all possible success. 

North America is politically divided into the Republics of the United States, 
Mexico, and Guatemala, which occupy the central and southern parts uf the con- 
tinent. The northern, the eastern, and central parts, contain the possessions of 
Great Dritain ; and the extreme north-western section those claimed by Kussia. 

The following estimates of the areas in square miles, and the population of the 
respective divisions at the present time, is probably as near an approximation to the 
truth as circumstances will permit : 

8q. miles. Populfttion. 
United States, includ- 

ingTezas 3,500,000 19,600,000 

Mexico 1,450,000 7,(}00,0OU 

Guatemala 200,000 3,000,000 

West Indies 95,000 3,305,000 

Rritifh PosscMiona. . 3,300,000 1,550,(»00 

Russian FoMicssions. 650,000 50,000 

Total 7,355,000 ToUl 33,705,000 

The white inhabitants are supposed to amoont to 30,500,000. The Indian, to 
5,500,000 ; and the negro and mixed races to about 7,700,000. 



RUSSIAN POSSESSIONS IN NORTH AMERICA. 

That port of North America claimed by Russia is a territory of considcnble 
extent, and comprises the north-western portion of the continent, being that part 
of it adjacent to Asia; it is bounded north by the Arctic Ocean, east by the Brit- 
ish possessions, from which it is separated by the 141° of longitude, weet fitxn 
Greenwich ; south by tlie Pacific Ocean and the Oregon Territory ; weit by 
Bhnring*s Strait and the Pacific Ocean. The coast seems to be chiefly alpine, in 
some parts rising into snow-capped summits, of which the most remarkable moun- 
tain is St. Elias; it is probably a volcanic peak, and is elevated to the hei^t of 
17,8o0 feet above tiie level of the soa, and is said to be visible 50 leasee from 
tlie coast. In this rej^ion there are computed to be 1000 white inhabiltnta, who • 
arc mofilly traders; the savages are estimated at near 50,000; they baiter the 
furs obtainc<l in hunting with tlic Russians, for fire-arms, beads, tobacco, and other 
article;*. The Russians have a number of factories, or trading establishment*, on 
various parts of the coast : t)ic principal of these are at Sitcha, or Now Arcb- 
an^l, Kndiak, and Oonalaska. 

Tlic Aleoutian Islands may be considered as belon^rin^ to this ref^ion; they 
form a lon^ and numerous fi^roup, extending westward from the Peninsula of Al'i- 
aska to Kamtschatka. They appear to be a continuation of the lofty volcanic 
ranges which traverse the oppn^tite regions of the two continents. Them; islands 
arc inliabitcd by a race sharing, in a measure, the features and aspect of the Hon- 
guls and Rsquimaux. Considered as savages, they are mild in their mannera and 
deportmcnit, and display a considerable degree of industry and ingenuity : they 
dwell in lar;:c subtcrranran mansions, or rather villages, portilioncd into numemus 
apartments, and containing from .V) to 100, or even 150 inliabitanta. These abodes, 
I covcrcf] with turf, an^ almost on a level with the sunviunding country, from which 
ihry are FCjrr*'ly lo Ix? distingnishi.Hl. 

Sit('h:i, or .\f;\v .Archan^ji'I, on one of tlio islands lM'l<in{;ing lo thn Arcliipelago 
of(iri>r::i' III. iiiiy In* ron.^ulcml the riipitai of the torn(orii.*s of Kuwia on this 
continent; ir is a viliago oC almut l(KK) mhabitant^ the housics of which, includ- 
ing th«' tiirt:ti<Mt!t>n!< and public huildingH, are built nf woihI, and are neat and well 
kept. TIh' fiMnn^^cmrnt <if llu* trnile at this and the o(h«>r ports, has been inju- 
dicii>ii>Iy v»*sii-l hy i\w Kiis?>iaa giivfrnnient in an exclusive cumpany, resident at! 



imiTisii iiw-issiMNs IN \iiirni amkkicx. i>j 



ami I'lljiT :t[iiiii:il.-, liir Ihr lurirk*'! i>t' Canton, \%lur»» iIp\v arc in v«'rv t'.\len?«ivo I 
dt-riiiml. TIh' aimii:il vrilno ns' l:ii' hir- r.r.'iuii l»y Russia from litT Nortli Amcri- 



r.RiTisii i»()ssi:ss!()\s i\ north AMiiuicA. 

I 

Till: ii- !><•'- -I rn f.\ <IrtM? Hri'iiM iii \«'rrli Ainrrirn nrc an n-spmhlaijo of vr.r-i 

li!- • lirn .i ;in>] ■'!r.i:.'L'i:iivr li-rr;' irir =. ili" r"iii!i'i:it «■!' tlinf rm ».'jtv I'lniiin* nf which , 
I:. •:■ :.T r vt In':i!j • ■■•ir:v<i '.«•:. l.-.»:i :m fifir |>r»' i-nt il:-ri!«Mii!»*T»'il ft.ito, l.nvv-, 
• '. r. I .• .r »'\'iiji riipl fiiul' ' ?.••■ in. li*. :«r>"l I'r'-l-.'-.l.lv Mill. I'ljfi-ih* lhi*ni lOif f!;iv 
•'■ -'iriM-- ^. : ,■• i-i" !!ii' "-I ••!■ • . I t'.i- :. »\v • .\:-t:;i' ]!iiri.]>'^:«!i iM'i:i:»rrhn'-!. 

';''»> I » 'iitry. fikm :ii >?- *iil i-\'' :i'. i- NiM::i!i-i ijur'h hy ll »• Arclu* S»m, m.-t 

l'\ • ii' A'lin':. II i!i ; ".t P, ■■..'. \\ \. .-iHjii !v '.iu- I'liilni Sf.itis rinil lli*- At-" 

! r.* ■•'■". 'I. '1 1 '•-"-• ' .■ ti • .'i-.i' r.'- •:» !-••- -."■■' :»■•!' IIi!--:-!. I;.- nr'M i-' '"jnal \ 

I - .. ■ ■ ■ I -.* ■ :" t;." I" .!'■ • S' '•■■-. /, . -.t '.;.«• •..■: "ii p'lit iT.!y <■:' tJ-.:-: \;r-! t-rr:-" 
?■ r*. .• ::■ y: - !':• il !v ;t i ;\ !..;■-! |'". li :ti«'ti. Ti;" .'irliiril t fniji.itinn hy u Int.* ' 
?. :'.'■ r-: > \*«r.l • r." •• _' \\i>- n'»::!i« rn. :ir..., -n l.f \:n\* r [rir! «■!' i!s i"'.i:r-v, tJi'^ m utli- 
m:. : j'll; ■'•' ''>•• St. I/i-.\ri-:j'-i\ !!i>' n- r! .■ rii s)j..ri - i i" l.i!{«' Ontari') mu-! I/iki.' 
K* «'. :it,.'. :!i PT'. t'.f f.i !• i:i I' ■•-!- i.} I.iko Iliir-ri: it r»':ii'!i' <*, thuni:!i r»!ily in j 
.-•t:." :!j-'. I'n" ■. • ..."v i-r :"'riv ii':ii"i itrfu tin- i!jtiT;.r. Thf ('i>nipanv which rn-' 

I.-. \." i \fi'i-i\«' tr;nli* i>\' I Itnl-iTrs \\\v, ni.'iiiita;i]«i .<i>v( ml torts nn it:* Wf.-tprni 

* * I 

hlii-r*-; I"'.' y h-ai- .:!■■» -;,i :'i t-ris .-ii t.'.t- i- i.Iiiii; luk<'' nnii riv r- ut' tht* iiiti-ricir, f' 
call'.i II >•■-, V..'.- T'* i!.«'y nrc .-«.4*iiri' ;i_''i;i:'*t ?:;♦• n'l.nk i-t' ilif liiiinnH ri-ilf'T'-ii 
n\i r ti •■ «\M:«n-'' '•»' l:i«'-"' lii ■■•'.■'f wili-. ;\i.i\ c?.ii !^riii a -.Inri* i-j' iho nrtii'Irs i;««, 
r«-, .-iry !' r t!;'- :'.r triii*. P. ;. :■•! thi** ii«'.'iij.n';''y th* y hn.i' ii-it a*t»*!npNil t«i cx- 
♦•ri'-'- a:.v *ijr>«hi":« :i. i.- '". :i* li'- l.i!« !." ■it'.MMri"*!, i*i "iM a tM'.iC*-alii«.' ci»'u-riv ti riii 
:?»i it" Ui! .- 'iT MM!.ii:r!il •■..ii_'>r !m Mi tiji *«• ni-lr tiMiiii? * i\ {]iv \\iu\, 

'[".,'' rl.'n.'it" I- viTv .-•■•. I n-. i..".«ii i- 'i-i-.-iiii',' 'Al.nt i- \'-\'. nnih'r the s-'im*' hiti- 
tuii* i:i t!i" 111'! •' iiJ.Ji't:'. I. '.vrr i'nn.i i ti-r s-\ nrsil rpprr Caimla Sir t\\o 
iij-r:!i;- i.f I'.t- y- T i;.i\" a ii. uri t' Min-r'-fur'- 1 i-ji«'.v flii* fri'iv-in:,' jMiint. nrhl «rp 
ii iri'- 1 in J" r;-'lii. I ^:; -'^ : y* l a:*: r t:i»: p -r.-tl !■;•• .-i..! In ik.-i i iT v,,th .-urij tiuvi", | 

II i' i irji^ rri'!'-* i-f' ili'' in ~t \:;.";'iJii" L.'r:.in i»'» ix- ri.-«"i! i.:i tiw i^riTit iv\*«-:it of . 
:\ ■"...•■ 1 1::-: i.f v. !.:.!» t' ■• J- .r.!- ry r-it-.-*^. rii.'ir ('i!i:ii!;i i- fnn'Iy witi-r f". i'I:i-i , 
wA.i ::;.:. -"t;* ' Jnri-.-t ; « f \' 'u- '•'•■ f:i..!-T. :,!.rl c. ■:;•.!;:!- ;J«ijl t :\ 1iiiI1ii-ii-j cf a'^rc.-i ; 
c.:.:-..!*!'' .1' iMi!iiir«;. .\.''.:i S»i ?.i r.'iiii N* *a llri;:j \\.r\; .in* v. i !1 w.-i-li'il i\-'in!rios [ 
!..!• ! -< t'Tt.l'-; an I tl{iM!:ii tii-- v..nt' r- •■ r* !•■• • .-■ *.• :■-. t ;'^ hi :\',y *.'-^^< tint pn*- j 
\ 111 fi'f a irr»'at jrjrl i-f l!:-' y«Tir ar** .-'.!! iii- r*.- li. n^ti* -i! !•• ilian lin: lr'i-»> and] 
-:l■••.\^■ L'f Caiiii'.a. j 

Tli»» ri\«T Sr. L.-iwri:.r«* i- »!;■• {•ri;-..'i'i il f- itisn' d' t!:!s r*- :1. m. niiil one «f llir: 
n'«!»!''.-t ri\«. r rlian;i> l^- nt I.." '.m.!..!. Ii .- li.ri'u lii* t.« <.'.y v. I.- n- .i l'r_.:i--. It !.ai 
Urn h«'nl to iiSMi'* fn'iii l/ik-' S:ip"ri'r. a \a-t l*.ily it \vn'»r. f-.l hy alx.ut fit\vj 
^t^l^•!!n:». of whii-h t!i- S:. I.i'.:.s a:;.! (Ir.iu! I*.>rl ■'.• Uivrs nr.' th" ;'rini'!pil: hut,, 
in f.ijt, Ih*' lake*?* rm* nn'r«'Iy mnniMrTt-.l hy .-h. rt r .na!.--. i'iri"i3,'M ^\l: ''li ll«'' .Mirphis, 
wati-r." crf on«! iin» jh.uro*! iiit.i t!.i» (iiI'jt. TU'-.- • rai;;iN N-ar i!-..? i.iral nr?:ii'^s of | 
St. <"..:-, DrtfJit, .\;:i:rar:'. *V •', TIf li-t 1- i:;-f:":ir*!:«'i! hy JN t'llls, tli'» nv.sl ] 
nuLTi.rrrnt in lht» wurli!. Knin I.ikf J JnMr-j to Mit.t al ihi- rsvir i- lok'^n hy 
.1 Miro-^-^ion nC r«M'ks r.il'ir.icrs. 'm-l r'i:i i*. v\!ii''!'i pmiiIit naviiratif.n vrry •! iti7»t- i 
i»;i-. It j< iitl«T pn.-a-iivj .MM:tri':t! tint M r .!'- !ii t-.!i i/raii-h-ur in a «h'.'j) K>'it.:v:- ' 
ijU" rii'itjiul, rrmxfyjni: j.Mr'/»' ^iniv-- iwA li.).- «;"..•.:: tu (^"iil-ii'. Tin: na\iL'uti'-n Jd 
blivii.'.l up inr haif'thi' y.-»r hy J'.i' in', v.i.;;. :i e'.'-ii in .-jTir-u' inciiiai'i-is it fur 
fcrtm*^ wofkM witli flixitin'T fnitr'ii'-nt^. 

Thu c.th» r rivi?rs of I/iwnr ('aimla an* its tr.hi!tir:»'«. On the nnrlli nro ihn 
ftfiwap :»n(l the SnmnMiay. lari!" n.ivji:'il'I»' rivtTs I'.i-.vjn:: thri.nifli a r»'i':'»n 1:*i1p 
kiiitwn: llic former isi supp irifii t-i have a r..iir.-.' "-f aUn:! liiMi nuh's, hiil its invi- 
{rati.-in i?" murh iiilcrniptp/l hy rn'vil^; the hrti r is rprnarkjihli- for its srea' di'plh. 

R 



130 BItlTISlI POSSKSSIONS IX NOKTII AMERICA. 



and width, and is navifrablc for 90 miles to its fuIlH; for the distance of about all 
miles it has tiie appearance of a lonfif mountain lake. The St. Maurice is also a 
considerable stream from the north, and the Montmorency, which falls into the St. 
Lawrence, is celebratetl for its beautiful cataract, which pours a lar^ volume of 
water over a precipitous Icdrre. On the south arc the St. Francis; the Chau- 
diere, with a fme cascade rushinjOf down a precipice 100 feet in height ; and the 
SoroUe or Richelieu, the outlet of Ijako Chainplain. 
The Thames, flowinf^ into I<akc Kt. Clair, and t!ie ()ns«>, are the principQl rivers 

;of Upper Canada. The St. John, which rises in Maine, is naviirable S() miles by 
t:ea vessel:;, Imt its coursfc is inucii broken by falls and rapids. The Miramichi is 
the other principal river of Now Krunswick. 

The lakes which separate (*:inada and the United States are on a Greater scale 
than elssewhere; and the unitfrd chain forms a vast inland sea of fresh water. 'i"h«» 
largest of these,nn<l tin* iarirc st fn-'s-h-watir lakein the world, is Lake Superior, which 
is 120 miles in lentrth by 170 in bn'adlh ; having: a circuit of 15(M1 itiiUs, and coverinj; 
an area of 3r),0(K) Kij'iare miles. It di.«charcres its waters throufrh the river or 
Strait of St. Mary, oO miles Inn;:, into I/ike Huron, which likewise receives ihcu-c 
of I^ke Michi^^nin. I^'ike Huron i!^*2>{) miles in lencfth, and (X) in breadth, ex- 

|clu.*ivo of t!jc larje bay on the nurtli-eaetern ehore, called Gcorffian Bay, whir)., 
is aliout ^) miles in lenzfth by 50 in breadth. An outlet, called tlic river St Ciair, . 
e.\|iands, nfler a courKi; of 40 miles, into a lake of the same name, 24 miles in 
len;;th, and Hi) in breadth, which a^in contracts, and enters Ijake Krie under the 
name of the river Detroit, "Si rnileis in lenptli. Jjikc P>ie, the next link in this* 
great chain, is 270 ini!i\s in lenfjlli, by from 2o to 50 in breadth. The river Nia- 
pira, 130 miles Ion*?, curri*;.s its surplus wators ovit a perpendicular precipice 1»m 
feet hi^>^fi, into I /ike Ontario, which is aliout IINI milos in length, by 40 in breadth. 
The surface of I.ake Superior is about fi'Jo fr^i above the level of the pea; itf 
medium dopth !MK) feet ; the dcFcciit ti» I/ike Hunni is by the Saull or Fall of St 
Mary 23 feet, and by rapids and tlie frradual descent of liie river, 21 feet, jrivini! 
tyU) feet for the elevation of tlH» hurthrc of J^akr* Humn. whose depth is eirual tn 
that of I^ke Sur)erior. J^ike Knr is much sli:illiiwer, not exceedincr a mean of 
120 feet, and havini^ its Furtiice .VK) f>'et abnvo hi<(h water, while I^ake Ontario 
has a d<'pth of fjOO fi-et, an<l its suifiicj.' is IVM) lower than that of Ijake Erie. The 
waters of these lakes are clear and |N)talile, :nv\ they alM)und with fish, anutn^ 
which are trout, weiirliin:: trom 75 to 1(H) |K.un<ls, .sfurjjeon, vvhite fish, pike, baf>. 
&c. Tiny are n.'ivi;f!iblt? by larije vi'.<..-i'ls, and a L'rrat nuinl)er of titoanibmts ni- 
vifjale their waters. J*'iki* Snnc<H', which is eonneele<l wiUi I.ake Huron, i^ 
already disturl)ed by thf* filrirh of the st('aiiilM»;:t. I/ikc Nifpissin«r is a considerable 

I body of watiT, which a rapid and broken strenm imites with I^ake Huron. In the 
interior, arc several smaller lakes, of wfiicii the princiinil is the l^ko of the 
Woods, whose windini; shores nn- MIKI niih's in cirrumfi'rence. Farther to the, 
north-wcbt is I«:iku \Vinni|M>ek. The imnie .**ii;-iiifies muddy, and is descriptive of: 
its waters. There is a water communication with I^ake Superior by t)ie ri%erv' 
WinnifM'ek ami I^a IMuie. Still farther to the north-west, a numlier of lakes v\ 



itcnd nenrly in a line, nt various diht'inces froin each other, connect^ni by a water 
'communication, except in two or ihreu ea»<'s, where portajres 






s or carry inif-placcii 

intervene. This is tlie principal navigable rout*'' to the waters of the Arctic Sfa, 
and is much frequenti^d by the fur traders durin^^ the ehurt period of ■uroiner lo 
these regions. I 

The principril divisions of British America are Xew Britain, with the firovinces 
of Canuia, .\ew Brunswick, .\ova Scotia, Prince h^wanl's Island, and Ncwlbuiid- 
land. The pnpuUti<m of the whole \h probably about LGCMKOOOL 

Tin* (• in-tituti' II iifL^^V'Trmieni IJir tlie pruviiures has b<»en mchlelliHl on that oS" 
the mo?||iT is.ijritry. Kieh proviu'*!* has a jrovi'rnor and a le);thlative council ap- 
piiintiil liy tfi«« t-r-iun, nriil a h«»u«^* of coimiKins or repri'si»nlAlives clKkn^n by the 
inlrtfi.! suf-. ?'|i.»fi iii.kjiTi*'- 'pptlifiivitions. At leiiiTth, at\er a lap^ of fitly year^ 
an art u i. iu . •! '.y Ov IlrMi^h Parliament M*"!!) ;';^»'« "W)re iiiiitin:; the two 
pn-vnif «■ . ! 1 i :. !• . i' II.' .1 L' -veriior ll»r the wn»l»'- *'^^'* ^^'^^ of giwcrmneut wa* 
at tin- -jTii.' I. ii- r i: ... i tVii-.i <^i|i>l)i'c t«i Km r-t"-^- ''"**^ ^^^'-^^ ^'* MoiUn»al, wher^*. 



I 110 



13-3 nUITISH POSSKSSIONS IN NORTH AMKRK'A. 



■ lAk'-' Uliamp! liii. s<Mvlin;»' inosUy sail and peltries, aiul in return takiniy cliierty 

: tea, lobrirco, nvA otiior liixiiriji?', clantlestiru.'ly, which the elrict colonial ruios 
wmild n>r|nirn her to n"»ccivo from the mother country. 

Tlie li.-hf?ric.s are piirsneil njKm these shores to an e.\it?nt not suriw.-sciJ aiiy\vh'*rr 
else upon the irlolie. The rich Kupply ot' cocl on the Newioundinnii hiiiks i- 
wholly nnparaljeled : althoujjh nil the nations of Europe liave bi*cn hidinir cari:.v>* : 
of fish lor centuries, no sensible diminution of them has been f«.'lt. During' t'l- 
first half of the li.-t conlurv, the fishery was carried on bv the I-Iu:rlt<h. An:r!'>- 
American:?, and Fr«'nch; but t!ie capture ot (-ajK? Rrctou, and otiifr possi.»^«i. ms in 
America, ^ve a seviTC lilow to the fishery of the latter. 1'he American wrir 
dividf^l tlie Brfli>h fishery, th-it )K)rtion of it tliat had been previously carrieii on 
from N<'w Kuirland lieini: thero.iDur meri;;'i'd in that of t.'ie I'nitod Stales: bu* 
still tho KuL'li'^h r(jutri\ed to pri'S'TW tlie lar^jest share. The Fr'^Uirii \v**t':* 

I excluded from lh«f li.-hery duriri': tin; Frencli war, in consequence of which Ih-? 

j Kn^'li-h had almost a inouopoly of thr* btisiness; but since the |K»acc it has t>e«-»n 
carriivl on clii<*lly by the French an.l .Americtins, that of the F^nrrlish hiviji:; 
declineei fullv three-f-nirtlw since the ikvu'o. The m'iiI fishery, which has ar:s*'n 
within ih'* ln>t thirty yfars, has becfnu«' f>f considemhli* valm*. The firhis of i'*«? 
wliicli are annu:i!ly swept by th«* currout.i troiii th»* p^dar ss.'as, brin;^' with 1?iOm 
myriads nt'n'.il-'. 'J^he.-i' animals, whirli am of seviTal spi'fivs. jin' xil-nh!*^ «>:!/»" 
lor their fit anil .-kin-. The fishinir s;'isr)M commencr-'i firlv in .Xriril, anil !•< cir- 
ried on in vess»d-i varvin;^ from ^) to I'JU t«)ns b:irtlp>[i, with cre*vs of \*i\ or -V* 
men oach, Tlie wlrile tis!ji.Ty, also, i« pursued to a Iimil»vl extent on the st^uih 
side of \f'wti>uii(!l iiid. and i[i the (i'df.of St. Lawrence. Thcn» is likcwii^c a 
pretty exlr-nsiw .-liiiion fishery. 

The intprior connuun'cations of Canadi are almast .«olely by the river St. Law- 
rence and th»» lrik»*s, which op«^n a vrry t^xtPiisive navijsition into the country. 
It is seriously obstrucJiMl, li.)nr\«r, b'twivn .^h^n^real anti I^akj* Ontario, w.hi'r'* a 

'series of rnp'd»J «.rr-iir, iivrr w.'iifh ouiy pmuh's ran sli-Hit, and all heavy r.m*]* 
nmst be landed an«l shipped, (in-sit f \«T!ions hnve bvu mado to iinp»".>v»\ by 

; canals, the interinr foniiiumiciiJiun-i ot' <*iu:nl:i. Th<* r-hM»f obi''«'t his b-«'ri t.i 
obvinte the continual s"ri»'.- of (iS>frue!i'ius m th* na\i.::ili'»ii nf i!i»' Si. I,.Twr»>nt»» 
River, above Mnntrtvil. ():»«• rni.il Ins li*«rn rnn>tn5r!i'i| fniu llial ••ity ?<» I»4 

.r'jiine, a dislrmrr nf j'i'jht mil's nt nn ixpon^e of .*Jl-i''.iKin: aTK'th#*r <* ti»«* 
(ireenviil-' c:in:.l, eii^ht n.'.h's iiisr', r(,u-trucl''d t«)uv«)iii cirtain ni.-trucl.in^ r: l!i»^ " 
naviL'ntiiin of tli«' I/r.vrr ['tawns RiviT. 'JMio prin«'ijvil urn'Mtinn, hnwi*v»*r. :- 
the liiilpnu canal, n-arhinr' t'pirn t)ir^ Ottawa River to Kin«r t«»u. It is iJiTi mii»** 

, l«>n:r. connertin-r !o«j»;tliera chain «if l;ik'*s, which adni;» nf ^'p^tn mvijrition ; and 

. thf? dimonsiuns .'in* .-ucii a.-, lo alIov»- vis.-els of trom llUi !■» \'S* t'.'is to pus. Th« 

'eslimati''! ''xpirn-p wi« JL'l"-*;,'^"*. 'i'lie ••:»!. Tpr.s' nf j.rivit" individuals has cm-. 
f.truc»nd the \Vi Iliud canal; wlii di. :it an fxp'-n*:** of X''J';tUMM», hai* unit-Mi th»' 
lakes Ontario and Krio. It isl'j milrs b«nL'» and is iihiP* cripfiei«ms than tno Nt-w 
Vork canal : it will allow vossi.ds nf rj') tnns tu pass tiir'MiLrh. Tli»' f.'haml»!T 

'canal opens a navirration, by the Sorellc River, fmm I/iko (.'humpluin to tlie St. 

; I-awrcnce. 

.AriM in ► I i-ir." luit-- I* poUti-m. 

New nrit:on l;Mm,(Mjn OO.tHiO 

UplN-r Canada 1 lO.lKli) 4*;i),ni)a 

Imwct Camda 'J.'IT.Orm (UKl.nOO 

Now Rninswic k -JT.niK) HMi,000 

Nova Scot i.!, wilh Capi' Rr..r.i:i 1 -«/"ni) 1 'Iw.UOO 

rriiiic Kdivard'a I-I.in.j •»,lliO .1."i.lUHl 

Ncwn^uiidbnd X\i)\)0 dO,")«K> 



'i*utnl '},3G').nfM) I/.^.uiu) 



NKW imnWlN. 1331 



I 

i NEW BRITAIN. 

Nrw Britain is that Iar;^c i^irtion of Jiritish Amcrira siiu:iti.tl north of the 
(*Ann(l.i!< anil tiiv I'nilctl States unj Ktretciiiu:; northwurd to the ilrearv and dcto- 
I'll*' *liiir»\-» <•!' thi" Arolic St'a. It coin{»ri>02i Labrador, New North and New, 
S(>iith \\'ah*s, Prini.1' Willimirti L'uid, Jiiothia Ft-lix, lately diiscovered by Captain 
K'b<s and the Nt^rtii littir^fia Inland.". llud<iijn'd Hay divider tiie country into two 
irri'it divi.4t>ns: on t!ie cdat in l.ahrad^ir and Ila^t .Mainland on the wc.il New 
Ni>rth and Ni'W Siuth Wah's; thcM* have 1>ocmi tUithiT yubdividcil, by the traders 
«•!' th«.' Ilu«l.*<on*i!i iliy Coin{Kiny, into varioiisf smaller diMrictn, wjiich are, however, 
uf no {mliticnl uniHjrtuiice. tNipulation of the whole re(;ion probably 00,000. 

The fuce of the country id generally a vast plain, intersected with numerous 
laktv and riv«'ni, puinf* of which i\t\\ into the unexploriHl seas of the nortii, and 
cfhrrs into lludsoirri Itay : anion;; the former uro tii*.* Mackenzie, the Copper Mine, 
and 'l\i!i'Wei'cht\ tT tiri*»t FiaIi Kiver, Uti'ly expltired by Captain ibck: and into 
ti-.f latter tiie principal are Churcliill, Ni Uon, Se\em, an>i Albany Rivera. The 
inier. r >treamH arc tlie Sa^kntchawan, Winnipeek, and Red River, tlowin^^ into 
lAk»* WinmiH-ek : and the Athalun:.'! and IVacc Rivera, cni(»tyin^ into l^ke 
Ath:Lb.i>ca : tJit-se may properly be considered head branched of the Mackenzie, 
a& th«Mr v\atiT^ finallv learli the uei'an throii^fh ib^ channel. t 

The lakes are excce<lin<;ly n;im<T0U8; hniio are cxten^iivc, and second only to| 
tlie irr«*nt Canadian lakes, and alVurdiii:;, durini; the brief period of summer, a lon|r , 
ami u!iiii»t continuous canoe navijrution from I^ke Superior to the Arctic Sea. i 
Of theiu? \Vinni|>e<'k, or Muddy l^ik*?, AiiisbaAca Lake, Cireat Slave, and Great. 
lk.-ar l^akcH, are the pniicipal : tin'V are situateti in a raii^rc lyin;^^ N. W. from 
earh other, and atltird, liir a shoit piTiod, an ahiKMt uuiiiternipttHi navitj^tion from ; 
Lake Si!(»t*rior to the Arctic Ocean. l«ake Wmnipcck is Ml{^ miles lonp, and' 
from !•'> to 1*" broad: it rfceiv^s niniieri>us rivers and enjin's a coikiideruble extent | 
of canoe navi;,nitioii. Aihaba.-ra l^ko, lyinj; between olK) and (iOU nulea N. W. < 
of hike Winnipei.'k, is in len^^th aU)ut *J1H) miles, with a breadth of fniin lii to 18! 
iniii*;< : it r<.H:eive.^ s«'Veral lar^'e >iri*ams and is roiiiuH:ted, by Slave River, with 
(■reat Slave Jjikc, htitl farther to tl.o N. \V., which id one of tiie lar;rebt bodied 
iif fri';*h water in Norlii .\menea, fxcepiin:; i/ik**H SiiiJt^rior and Huron, and per-j 
tiajts I«ake Michi:.nin. I'Vmn tireat Sla\o Ijiike tlows Mackenzie's River, which, 
in xXi course to tiie oc>raii, receives, truiii tlie eastward, the water of the Great 
Hear lAkc: it is about *JtHI miles in extent each uay, and is deeply indentini by 
several iar(;e {M^ninsula.^. 

In winter «uch is the severity of tiic climate in this ro^'io^, that even in 57° tlie \ 
lakes freeze K te<*t thick; brandy and mercury con^real; tlie nniks sometimes 
i^plit witii a noise like tiiat of tiie ilfMVle^t artillery, scatterin;; the frai;mentii to a . 
threat distance. Tiie teiii{>er»ture is rapnriuus and the rliani<res sudden. The Au- 
rora RiirealiH liiu'ds a Ii^rht .sometimes equal to that of the full niojii. Tlie vej^e- 
tatum in the luirtherii |»:irt» is very scanty, but ndjomin;; tlie northern boundary 
of llie L-nited State.*' thero are .^me fertile s(ii»Ls aloii*; the Red River of Lake . 
WinnifMrek. I/>rd Selkirk piirriiosed from the Hudsoirs Bay Coni|>aiiy a terri-; 
lory of 1 HUKKI acres, and tormed tiie settlements of i Vmbiiia and A^iniboia : 
tlie so:i ills been found tolerably fertile, but tiie ^'rtat distance from a market, 
\^'\\vr ;;HHt miles trom Nl-w Orleans, and lUtN) from Rutfalo, must loiii; prevent it 
from T\ii\\\z to mucii im|x)rtance. It has .'•utVen-d seven' ly from ciiiilests with tiie 
Indians fomented by tiie jealotisy of the tur-tnidors. Mon-over, iii ronseipieiice 
of the rt-cent wltlemcnt uf tlie boundary hue witli the United Stairs, h.ilf of it 
lui.^ b«*eii mcludtnl witiiin tlieir territory. 

Th«» only lra<!c m tluse r«'L'iMiis is that of furs; to facilitate' whlo!:. the llul-' 
son's Ray Cuiiipany ha\e p.-laliiished forts and tradin;:-iujusos in vari-us <iti;irters, ' 
#*xiendinjr from Huil^on's Ray wi'?t into tiie lerritnries clauii«Ml by the United , 
Sjnte:^. 'ihi the siiores of il»e'i»acj!ii' Orenn, and to tin* north, aliiia.-i to the Arc- ' 
tic Si-3, fnim tli"<e fJ»rLs, Ac, .".L'e.'its are sinl amon^>t the Iinli:»!»s to culleet lur5, 

\2 



134 NEW IIRITAIN. 



■ in cxchan/fc for such European cnniinoflities as urn prized by them. The furs 
: exjvirlcil, in 1h:W, from Hudson's Riy amnuntoil to the value of JC110,(XM). 

Tlic cofifjt!* of I/ibrador, and imlcod iJio wliole of ihc northrrn parts of »S « . 

roifion, from Greenland to Bhorinir*8 Striit, is inhabited by the Ksiiuiiiiaux, a race- 

of savapfcs who Hustain existence chiefly by feeding on whaleH and ideals, except 

in the more southern |)arts of I^ilirador : of the skins uf the latter they nri&ke 

their Ixxits and clothes, and of his sinewt* thev make thread, Thev travel over 

the »no\v in sledrres drawn by doffH, of which they have a very hardy and sarra. 

cious breed, and will draw a considerulde load (iO miles in a dav. Their hut« 

;iiave been met with n^ far north as 7iP. JJttle, sipiat, and feeble, the complexion 

,of these iKjlar men has little of the cojijwr colour of tlie other American abi^n- 

ffines, ami is rather of a dirty, nnldish yellow. Their summer huts are circular, 

I covered with deer-skins, and enleri.'d by creepin;^ on the belly. Yet thfso iso- 

! lated and simple beinrrs have betm tuii;rht hy necessity, many inventions which 

. are hi>;hly creditable to their inj^enuily. They make their winter habitations of 

fri>zen snow, in a few hours, exceedingly comfortable, and which remain durable 

, till melted by tin; heat of the ensuini; summer. Some of the tribes liavc canoes, 

made of the skin of the sea-calf, with which they sail with amazing switlncsA. 

They also work a irray and porous stone into neat pitchers and kettles, ami Uiose 

in the vicinity of BiierinrrV Strait display irreat ingenuity in the manufacture cf 

. trinkets and utcnsiU of the tbssil ivory, with which some parLs of those rcgioi^ 

I abound. 

i The Irlsquimaux met with by Captain I^arry, in North Gcorffia, were exce€*din? 

lively and cheerful, more so than even the necrm, the native of a sunny climatp, 

and of a retrjon producing spontaneously all the fruits of the earth. They are my 

fond of dancing that it seems almost their natural ^ait ; and they are always ready 

to return raillery or mimicry. They are, far more than the Indians, a social an-i 

, domestic peoph*. This is apparent in their p^tKxl treatment to femalef^ and their 

care and affection iur their children. Amonir these people, on the coast of l^bn- 

I dor, the ^loravian mi.ssionaries iiavo established sevenil settlemcnbt ; Nnin, Okkak, 

jllupedale, d:c., and have, bedsides teachinsT them many useful thin«rs. built a ma- 

g^azine, in which <!ach of the natives miffht deposite his useless stores, prevailing 

, on them to set ajKirt a tenth tor widows and orphans. This is the true way Uj 

convert a savnfje people, by showing them the palpable fniits of the jBTospel. 

Tlie Iiuliaiis ocrupyinir this reirion are prinrifmlly the Assimboincs, Kniste^ 

neaux, or Ores, ( 'hippo wayans, B«»avpr, Hare, I)o«r-rib, Copper Indians, Aic, The 

. AssinilK)inf\s are a triln? of Sioux; th<\v are divided into snveral smaller tribes, a* 

the Itlark-tiiot, Fall, and UWk] Indians ^:c. 'i'hey rear many horses, and subsist 

chictly on the btilliilo. 

The Kni.-teneaux, or Cn?es, inhabit a wide extent of country in the vicinity i-f 

Like Athabascii : they were once numenuis, but are now reduced to about 5(10 n 

, niimlxv; they ari* a well-tbrm«Hl race, and their wom»'n are the handsomest of all 

the Indian fV'inalos; they arc hospitable, ^reui>rfiu.<, and mild, when not infuriated 

I by spirits; they do not, however, consider chastity a virtue, and are not unkini to 

' their woim-n. 

Thi» C'lnjipewnyans live to the north of the latti-r, and near the Great Slate 
I-iki' : lh«'ir ap}M»aranre is sini^ular, with hi:;h proi»Ttin:j cheek-hones, bniad hct% 
and whli* nM<<trils; lh«'y are |VT.M'veriuir, iiir<irn«:ibl»* iM^sjijars, yet not dish<inc«:, 
and s> ilrrply niilHii.*<l with national pride, that, while they L'lve to other n9ti«m» 
tlH'ir propor narni»s, they call tlieniselve-, hy way of emin»'nce, Ihe p^trpie ; 
aiij'iiiir-t them tlie lot of iho f» male is «:rn'Vini>. and mothers hate U^cn known to 
de.-fniy tlu'ir li-.n.ili' Dtl-jiri!!^' that it iniiriit »-i ipi» lli«» sam«» servitUil»». .X^^M an*! 
f I k p'lipif ;ir»» Mliiuilorii'd tn |H•rl^h. 'I'lu'v ar«* said to \h* tlif yam** ]KHipl»» as tise 
<'!i.;i:i.-v.ay- d' tM* l"nit«'d Siiti-.-, and an* imirh n-ilnci'd in miinlvrs. Tln» Ct«5>- 
IHT, H.iri', and n.ii'-r.it Inil!:in<, imtujiv th«» eoimiry n-irtli of Great Bt-ar lak**; 
fli"v iniii-li r»'-i':iihif tlit> (■JiipiH'wavaiis. hut are ot' a iih»ri» triendlv and amiable 
di>;Mi*:tm'i ; ffn-jr liii:n:i?ijty and truthful attarhin*-Mt were ex|»i'rii'HCtH! by the recent 
invi II«rH f'apt.Mtii rrnikliii. \i*.) in tlu^r r«':ju»iis, on occimoiis of extreme dt^ 

tr«■^'•'. 



I 



IPrKU CANADA. 135 



VVVFsll CANADA, or CANADA WEST. 

UrPBK C ATI ADA. commcncinj; at lake St Franc in, above Montreal, extends ; 
aloni? the whole chain of the {rn^at lakeis almoat U> the weKtorn boundarv of lake j 
Superior. Until llSl it w.ifl a men* ilifltrict attaclied to Quebec, ai which period { 
a niimbrr uf Amrriran lnyalistM nnd di«Uindof] Foldirrs were settled in it, and the 
name of UppiT Canada b«'Atowe«i. C*omparativeIy but a small part uf thin province 
in Mettled, and many iK»rlu»nf* of it are yet unexplored. The settleinentri are 
chiefly aluntf the riven St. l/iwrt-iire and I'Liwatf, and lakes Erie and Ontaria 

• The K>il i« til freneral exrt*nt>n\ :in'i yiehld abundant crops of |f rein, wheat, Indian ; 
corn, iinpN, flax, Sec. I'opuiatH'ii estiin.-itid at 160,000. 

I Cultivation, in Upper Canoila, is still in an incipient &tate, but is rapidly ad- 
vancin;; in consequence of the influx of firitibh scttlere. (luvemment, for some 

, lime, allowed to every st>tt]er, fitly or even a hundred acres of land, upon pay- 
ment of fees amountin^r to about a shillinfr por acre ; but since 1827 the lands 
have been disposed of by public auction. Amon;; eniifrrants pDssessed of capital, 

, a frrrat proportion have of late made their purchases from the Canaila Company. ! 

I Thin bofiy, incorporated in \^2^\ bouffht fnjm p>vemment, tracts of land equal to. 

1 42,dO(MMNI acroH, tor which thoy engojred to p»y the sum of £295,000, by sixteen 
annual inHtahiu'nts. ThcM* Linds are dispersed throufrh every part of Upper 

(Canada; but the luree»t portion, aniountini; to about a million of acres, and ex- 
tending about sixty miles in len^rth, i^s alunrf the eastern sliorc of lake Huron. 
The Company found tounn and vtllai^ess form roadu, and lay out the ground in 
convenient lots, and have a(fentj« on the Fpot, who afford every information and aid 
to emigrants. | 

The climate of Upper O.nada is salubrious, and epidemic diseases almost un-' 
known. The wintere arc hhortcr and lew rij^oroiis than in the lower province : ! 

I the spriniBf opens, and atrricultural labours commence, from six weeks to two| 

I months earlier tlian in the nei<?hbiiurhood of Quebec. The summer heats are aim \ 

I more moderate, and the autumn pleasant an<l fbvourable for securing the pnxiuce ; 
of all the late crops, population is advancinir with fjrT(*hi rapidity : it has hitherto 

■ been confined to the St. lawrencc and the shores of the lakes, but is now becom- 1 
J iDg more diffu$ied over the interior. New towns arc extending in the fertile for* | 
lest, tome of which, in rapidity of increase, vie with those of the United States. ■ 

Great extcnti of fertile land art^ yet unoccupied, and the parent country is fur- , 
niahin{f every facility for tran!*(K)rtini; to thr^e tbr»'s>U) her surplus pt^pulation, f^rcat ! 

I numbera of whom, however, tinnlly make their way to the United States. 

Toronto and Kini^ston, on the northern shore of Lake Ontario, are the twpl 
principal towns of Upper Canada. Toronto, formerly York, near the north-west 
end or the lake, owes its support to its beintr the seat of ^vemment and of the j 
courts, and to the extem>ive settlements n'cently formed to the north and east of 

j it Population 10,000. Kinfri^tun, near the north-eaiit point of the lake, has a 
commodious harbour, and is a neat little town with about iMNX) inhabitants. Some i 
of the other towns on lake Ontario arc Cobourjr, Port IIo|>e, and Hamilton. On 
the Niaijan River are the villa^s of Niojifara, Queen^town, and Chippewa. 

■ Sandwich, in the western part of the province, and opposite to Detroit, is a 
; thriving little town ; as is also T/mdon, on the Thames, with a population of 2000 

■ inhabitants. On the eapt shore of lake Huron \!* the nest and flourish insr town 
orGoderich, with a good harbour at the mouth nf the Maitland River; and at the, 

. bottom of Lake Manitouline, or Georgian Buy, is Penetan£*iiisliene, a Driti^^h naval ' 
station, from which a steamboat runs occa>-ionally to St. Joiippirs Island, at the 
west end of the lake, on which is kept a small detachment of Rriti^h tnv>ps. 

Upper Canada is divided into 17 di^trit't.s whirh arc siibiiividrd into roun- 
tie& It is bounded on the north-east bv I/>wer Canada, north hy New Britain, 
west and sooth by the United Stati*s. The lines of division an', from I/iwer 
Canada, the Utawaa River; from New Britain, an tmn^nnary !in«* separating the 
waters flowing into the lakes from those of Hudson's Bay ; and, from the United 



13G LOWKR l-ANADA. 



State.-:, u nominal line extending; tlirounfli the centn* of Lakes Siiporiur, Hur(^, 
Kric »r.d Ontnrio, uiul their cunn('ctin<r ^treami<, and thonco down the midiik' oi 
the llivcr St. f inwroncc tg I^ake St. Fruncisi, and thciicc iiorth-we;st and ii(irtli-ra»t 
to ihu IJli'iwjis Rivpr. 

In \\vi^ pmvinco is fxh;bitcd one of the mast suhliinc and ninfriiirtccnt of X'.- 

tiin.''.'? wnrks*, by tin* \i?ip-;ir.i river. 'J'lio accurnuliitod water:* tlowinif Ipim Juur 

" t'r^'iit I:ik>'S iind all their iribnlaries, are precipitaiul over the Fulls <»f Niajrara. 

jj. the iiii:rhli».'st catar.iet in llu* world. Tlic whole inas^s i:* [Xiured in one Ire- 

int'iidoiir plun:;!* of liM fe'*t in liei'jht. The noi>e, tuniiilt, and rapidity L*f Tins j 

lallinj M'a; tlio nillini» eiouds of fuirn, the va*t volumes of vapcmr which rise ir>! / | 

the u!r. the hrillianrv and varirtv of the tints, an<l tlio Loautifitl niinUjw** wh:c:. 

span tiie ahyss; the k.'Ay banks and immense wnods whieh surn^und thi? woniJcr- 

, fnl Fcrne, have lieen con.-^idered by cxjHTii'nrod travellers a,** ecliptmjr every s:tn.- 

; lar phennmonon. Tlie noise is heani, and the clDUtl o\' vapoiins fc«"en, at Iho d s- 

I t:inc^» of .^^cveral mih'-j. Tiie fall on the (Canadian title is GUI) feet wide, uf a ^em> 

circular form; that on the American side only !U0 feet, and Km feet in heit^ht. 

iK'in;: .-i.\* or seven feet hi:rh».'r liian the f )rmer. The one, called l!je Crescvni or 

Horse->hoe Fall, descends ui a rni^'htv sea-L'ieen wave; the other, broken bv r«.*ck5 

into fiiam, rcsenihlea a sheet ot molten silver. Travellers descend, uitii the ct r- 

tair.ty of l>ein(r drenched to the hkin, but without dunrrer, to the foot of the tlill, 

I and even beneath it. There an? now excellent inns on \x)\h sides uf the f;illf^ 

'. whicii arc crowded with visitant^i durin>r tiie summer months. 



LOWKIl CANADA, ou CANADA EAST. 

I4>wi:ii ('anad.v extinds alonjr lh'» River St. IjawriMico, on Iwth tide!», from its 
month to Lake St. Francis, a shtirt distance alxne .Mimtreal. A considerable part 
of the province extends m»minally inti? unexplored re^jiuns that arc un<x:ciipii'd by 
wliitt? inlnbitants. At the meullj of the St. Ijawreiice the country is rucrired uid 
moiint'iinous, ami tlie chmate very seven? ; but the upper and more suutlterly por- 
tions ol'llie province an* well watereil, fertib*, nn 1 With a milder ciiniutp than the 
lower pi rt. .Ml sectinns, li-.iwirver, have the winters (if Sweden, tfiou;r|| in the 
l.-itiiu'le i»f Franci?. The s-uunners arc warm and h!;ort, and tlie transition from 
wniter !i> summer ir' very rjpid. b-avini; scarc«dy more th.ui a mouth for llic sea- 
son of sprinir. Fopul.itimi about tJO0,0(M». 

M«»re itian thn-e-tliiirths r f the mhabitants of the country are of French de- 
scent, am! hjM.'Jik the Freueh hjni'uajje; they ar»r all r.ithj'lirs. and uiucli httached 
to their prie.'<its: the remainiler are m«isily natives o\' (jreal Britain and their de- 
srend'inl.s. Kdueation is much ne^jlrcted, and tin? mass of tlie petiple are very i{j- 
nnrant and illiterate. The (Quebec Mercury lately «:ravely prnjiDse*! the c^l^ 
hshmetit of n .-emmary f t the instruction «»f tiuisi' mendn'r^ nf their |vtrliameut 
who eenid ii"ither reail m.-r write. Tie- nutiM' French Canailians are called 
huftittnis. They are \;i\\\ satisfied wilii u little, and >lr.>n«!ly attached lii their re- 
lij^h.'n and native eouiit ry. In tiie inanaixement of p«.'ri(i^rues and ean««*a un the 
lakes and l.^ni' rivers, tijey Inve no rivals. They are al-o remarkably inireaioiif 
in inakiMtr tlieir own diinie>1ic imjdemi'nts. Th'* ciMintenance of the (*auaduin t:* 
Ion:: and thin : it:s eifri>]i!i*\!i<n suii-biirnt aiiij swarthy, inclniini; tmvunis that of 
the hidirin; lii> eyes bl'trk and lively; with lank and iiieiLTre cheeks, a hharp ami 
!)r'>i:i::i< nt elun, an I Mieii ei-v and uilite miniier.-*, as thouirh he had always hvo: 
iM t:e' '.'re.it '.s-r!:!. riiie-r t!iin aniid thick tIire>T.-. Their inlerl'lMl^^e v. ith each 
■i»!. T • I \'.\' ! I f .!-"i.'r.'e ri:]'i'.-t:«i:i./i-, ati-l a Freiu-jj i '.in;i.l,.in vi1I:il:«* ci«n*li:'i:e- 
«:i'- :i ii .!• . 'i'l. .r r!:«(rr'.8'!M >-. wlit'ther in prii-;-«rity er a-ixersity, i-* i!»e\!iiu!ii.- 
Ii:--. ii : :;.■':•• •..:!■.. ili;* 1 1 tl'.'Mii tl.nn .'lU l!ie li.»;-*.i-i! .••tviiinni-ni'* if !>!iiieM>iibv. 

I'l V. :ii r. ;:.«T iln--- :s t"i;i? u\ th** Ku>-..ip.'^ ; tiieir ^«^•i:ll m'.i-r«Hnr«»»' that <•:' 
I'm- 'j •• ••:' I- <;i- \IV. .\- miim as th«' ii»m; mee <if their ! t;:r t'l-i ^^ fiuletl, lh'':r 
I, ...I ■ r i....r 1,^ "J". .. trien-l- an! ri'ii!:\"s a-.-. im1i1«'. T.Jikevs jut*"*. an.! a!! ih? 
iii.r.*!' ■ «.:' I'll' • :-»i. 'I'M- " »"• I'l." ! • •in!, t'ltllet* »- i..tri».bieed. Tliexioljn ;• 



I^)\VI:K CANADA. 137 



hpanl. '.iiiil tlioM! (ny •11x1 iiiniplo pi'uplc arb ihp most iiiTotenite danceri in Uic 

worlJ. 

'Hi* p" i^ :i fiiarkotl diiTrrenrp brtwcon this province and ilic rnil«»d Stales in the 
h;i'u!'» "I" ilir projjK', llirir lMMldiii;;s, and tht ir uiodi's i»f livin«;. An individual from 
till' LiU'TiMuntry, who lrappi:ns t>> bf in Canada, will bo ifuiindt'd by rvfr}'ihiiinr 
;iS Mji lii'ii thai hi* is n>.'l al homo. Thi.s pruviiioe is separalcd fmin Nrw York ana 
VirL-'ni by lh»' 1;i^ of norlh latiuidp; iV^ni New Hampshiri' and Maine, by ihe 
l.i^i.i.in !s rnnnin'^ bc'twpt>n iho rivrrjt which flow inlo lh<* Sl Lawrence, and IhoHC 
r:uj.i\in'^ into the Atlantic Ocean; from New Drunswick by ihe river RLsti^rouehe ; 
t':.>(n Nivv Hriuin, by ihe ridrrc s^paratint^ the walerii of Iludson^s Day from ihose 
of ih»- St. Lawrence; and from I'j'pcr (\inada by the Ottawa river. 

'rtii* city of Queb(*c was, from Uic first sotilenienl of Canada until the union of 
ihi' two province's in l^^ll, the capital of the eounli#i It is nin^rularly sitnatc-d, 

, h.L!t' K.i a plain aloni; the northern bank of the St. Lawrence, and the other half . 
■ n i:)f t<>)) of a fctei'ji pt-rpcniiicular r<H-k, 3f)t) feet U\tr\\, These are called the I'pper 
and L'lwer towns. CZuibie, as a niiliiary btation, id veryHtroni;; its fortifications 
render ii jl.uuat a MC.iml l.ihmhar. It wa^i one of liie most brilliant iseened of 
Uritish tilory. Near it. on the plains of Abraham, Wolfe, at the cost of his life, 
iTaioi'tl the spliMiiIid victory which annexed (^anada to the British empire. The 

, popuLttion of Quebec is about 35,(HK): its cominercu is considerable, as all the 
vc'Sh. Is that enter the St. Lawrence st'ip there and unload their carooes. A {^eat, 
fire ocnirreil here. May 'J^, l**!.'!, and another on the ;31Uh of the foliowinij month; 
by i!ieM* disasters more than half the city was destroyed, and iri.tMH) individuals 
w( re ren-iered hiiu:;eles9. The town of Thre<; Rivera, containinir 3000 inhabitantai, 
is kitiiated on the St. Lawrence, DO miles above Quebec. 

The ctunmercial and political capital of (^anada ia Montreal ; it is hituated im- 
mediately below the rapids, at a point where the Ottawa river flows into the Su 
I jaw re nee. Mi>9t of the business, even of Quebec, is carried on by branches from 
the Montreal houses. It derives a creat impulse from the transactions of the 

i l{udson*s Hay Fur Company ; and ii in the centre of the comiucrce with the Cnited 
States, carried on by Ijake Chainplain and the Hudson. Vrssels r:( fiOO or 700 

• t ns can, notwiihstaiidinr; some ditiiculti<'s, come up to Montreal ; its w harf presents 
a bu-iy scene, — the tall masts of merchantmen from the Th;itiies, the .Mersey, and ' 
'.lie Clyde, with the steam-packets which ply betwe<'n Quebec and Montreal. The 
island of .Montreal is about thirty miles in leni^th, and si ven in breadth ; it is of 
alluvial soil, the most fertile in Lower Canada, and als ) the most hiirhly culti- 
vatiftl. Tlie view over it. of fruitful fields, \r.\y country-housi.'*, and the streams 
by which it is encircled, is one of the roost plcasin:; that can b<* ima^rined. The. 

. interior of the town is not so attractive. It is substantially, but (rlfminily, built of 
dark ^ay limestone, with roofs of tin, the only kind, it is said, which e^in stand 

- the int«fnse cold of winter; while the windows and doors are shut in with massive 
plati'S of iron. The street'i. ihotiirh tolerably retjular, were inconveniently narrow; 
but of late several have been formed, extendinir the uhot(> lenirth of t!ie town, thati 
are commodious and airy. The new cathedral, opened in \^'J\K is considen'd one! 
of the handsoniest structures in America. It is *J55 feel b'nir, 131 broad, 'J*JO feefi 
high in its principal front; and it is capable of containing 1U,0<K> persons. Two! 

. Catliolic seminaries, the Kn<rlish church, and the treneral liospit;il, are also baad-| 
some strnctures. The populatiiMi atnounts to rH),000. 

l*he villaiTf; of |ja Prairie, on the south bank of the St. Lawrence, is the medium 
of communicatii'n between Montreal and the Tnited Slates. I)!>rctiesUT, on the. 
Son-lie. is a considerable villa<;e. 

La Chine, above the rapids, which intenupt the navitr.ition above Montreal, is 
an important depAt for the interior trade. A numbi r of townships have been formed ; 
alonur th(* northern bank of iJie Ottawa, the part of Lower Canada chiefly resorted ! 
to by emiLTantd. The country is level and fertile, but its progress is much obstructs; 
ed by the number of old iiniinprovcd (grants ; si> that the population does not much [ 
exceed 53rH>. Hull and Rytown are small improving towns on the river; the latter 
on the south, and the fi>niier on the north aide. 



S 




138 NEW bri:nswick. 



The tract of country lyinnf to tiic south-east of the St Lawrence, on the tior- j 
don of Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine, has of late years attracted many 
settlers, to whom it is known under the name of the Eastern Townshipi?. The 
\ lands here are held in free and cummon soccnc^t.*, and the Kuj^Iisih law prevails. 
I The population of the townships is now about iVMHM). Stanstead and Sherbrooke 
j arc the principal towns of this tine and flourishinir re<^iou. On the south side of , 
I the St. Lawrence River arc the neat and thrivinjr villages of St. Thomas and - 
; Kamouraiika ; the former about 20 and the latter iX) miles below Quebec. Ka- 
I mouraska is pleasantly situated, and much resorted to by the citizens of the capi- 
• tal for the benefit of sea-bathm^. 

j The district of Gaspo remains to complete the description of liowcr Canida. 

,It is on Uie south side of the St. Ijawrenco, near its mouth, bordering; on A'ew 

Brunswick. It is a country of irref^ular and sometimes mountainous surtace, con- 

tainin/; numerous lakes, and^ivatered by several rivers, of which the Resti'^o'iriip 

is the principal. The territory Is covered with dense forests, inhabited hy TflOU 

lor -r^K) woodmen and fishermen, and exports some fish, oil, ami timlier. The 

'cod-fishery employs l>:iOO men, and produces about 50,(HM) quintals o!' firli, and 

1 420,0(X) barrels of oil ; and about 4U(K) barrels of horrint^, and *2UIK) of salmon are 

: shipped for Quebec. I)oug;Ias, Bonavenlure, and New Carlisle, are small villages 

i of forty or fitly huts each. 

i 



NEW BRUNSWICK 



New nuv.vswicR is situate<l to the east of the State of Maine, and to the north- ' 
west of Nova Scotia, from which it is si*pritcd hy the Bay of Fundv ; on the ' 
'north it lias part of j/ower Canada, the boundary between the two !)einj; the 
I River Re^ti^ouche. It has, on the cant, a windin/ir coast alouf? tiie Gulf of Sl 
Lawrence, indented hy navigable bays and inlets. The country, towards the sea- 
coast and aloncr the St. John*s River, is level, but the western and northern parts 
are somewhat hilly. Population, in 1834, l-JO,Ui)U; now probably 150,000. 

This colony is still almost one niai;iiific€;nt unbroken tiirest, and, under the en- 
coura:;ement afTonlod hv the nintlipr cnuntrv, almost all the encr^jies of the in'ji- ; 

" 1 * ■ I 

bitants are din-clinl to the linnb».'r tnde. Tlie Utrdrrs of the riv<*rs, where cuili-. 
! vated, are fertile m srr:i>.«J nuil irniin, truuijrli a^friculture is not yet ^jreally advanced. 
I The HM-cojist abouiwU i:i col and olii'T lisli; the river St. JiJui'-s js lMron::«Hl with 
' herrin;j, shud, ai.d silin-in. Tiin li-!ii'ri:'s :ire a s.r.jr{ e of i:on>ideniliI«? weilth 
I and employment to tli*; Kiliab.tiiits; the pr'>lut*.- nf tiu^e l)oin;r, uith tiudiert t:ic , 
i ijri'at staples of exiwrl. ; 

The town of St. Jolins nn a fi'ie !nrl»our at thr' ninutli of tli** river Sl Jolm, is" 
the mtfe-t coiisidiTahl'' pluci' iii New Hrun-\v:rh. Tii'.» {vipuintinii i:« alK>ut ■i."i.i>(>jK • 
Ship-!iuililinj is <'xt«'ii>ivi'Iy rarrn-.l on; m I'^iJl), V>1 s?ii;»s, of an aL's:n*;rale b«ir- 
t!i*»n of .1<UMH) tDHH, wer,' c •M>lriic"t«' I. St. Aiilrows at the !n\il •••* P.-i^sainjtpM'idy 
IJiy, l)«\'*idcs it.s liriiliiT trad-.', his a f<»:i>.«IiTilil»' ri^Invy, aril o iritiin* aliiiut .VMUlI 
iiih:ihit'iiit-t. Fpuh-ricktun, th- s*il ut' :;i»vi rniii<':ir. is ah>ut "^'i inili-^ up lli'* S: | 
" John's ri\er, w!ii«*!i, Ihsiii; navi^'ahli' r»r vi's-.»'!s of ."ill t.ins is tht* sejt of a C'-»n*.'- 
ih»r.il»l«.* inlaml lr.i«I»'; the {Mipulatui i is'JtMKi; it is ritlier if^fularly built of w<.iikj, 
With iJiiMTiww :i\ I'lfH'i's, si'vi.Tal rhurch»'S, and a colit'ue. 

Tin? r.vi-r M-.risinchi is di>tinL,niish«'il by tin* extensive toro.-ls na it< l»ank'», 
'.vhi'iir»> lari,'!' >hi|irn"!il'i of tiiii!»'r ari' nri.ji- a! lh«» iv»rt of tlial uatm*, a.4 well Ssial 
l'iii>»' «ff CnailriMi. I>iii:.'la-'. and V-uci.-tltv 'V'h\< trarl of cuinlry was, in <V'!i»- 
' h T l'"*J'». t'l'' ."ftrs** nl" oiii- of til!' i;i'i*t i!r>':i»li'ijl r):iil i:^nt:o:is •«! r»Tord. Tli'» 
tl.iriii'S. kiii'l.^'d hy rnTidfiit at m-v-tiI ;viijit> iit oiii-i*, urn* iiiirM-lijHl |iy a \ .. hvit 
win I. :iriil •'■■«! niwriv." "aiHi im-vv J'u*-!. ti.i ih'*) •'iirr.i-i i»\i'r alxml liMI ni.li** if l»rri- 
' I'lrv. iti\'i!i in/ if 111 -Ml "lit* aril tltm -, and ifhu'inj' to aOnvs lh"» lown* oi lV>'ii»Ii."« 
iinl .Ni\M'i.-ii'' ; n''.'iily VJiMl ji.'r>oM-< ar" .-I'd ti hivi- p •^!s}l•^!. .n.i i ni-^ro l'»in 
•J«Kiii til hi\«' !•• t-n n-.'ir"'! In iTiVr* ih'-.f.l'«i;ii'i. T.'u' iritiinl :..l\aMli:re^ «.!' !:i»» 
V i'inlr\. lji»'Ai'\' i". hi".'' I'ln'oii* i l!:«- n In f-' ••.■t ui'Ii >Mrii-!- !i-.' rii«ni:tv. N»'\* 



NOVA SCOTIA. 139 



Braiwwick wii oriynnally ■ettled by German troops ia the serf ice of Gtml Bri- 
\ Utn, and hence its name. It was included in Nova Scotia until 17d>L Dalhoiisie 
and Bathurst, on Chaleur Bay, and Liverpool, on the east coast south of Mirimichi 
Bay, are small villages. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

NoTA SooTiA was first settled by the French, and nsmed by them Acadia. It 
was granted by James I. to Sir William Alexander, a Scottish nobleman, by whom 
it was called Nova Scotia ; but was not confirmed to Ijigland until 1713. It in- 
cluded New Brunswick until 1784, when it was divide*! into two provinces. This 
colony is a large peninsula, bounded on the north by the ru^rrow strait separating 
it from Cape Breton and Prince Edward's Islands*, on the south-east by the Atlan- 
tic Ocean, and on the north-west by the Bay of Fundy, which penetrates so deep 
as to leave only an isthmus about nine miles broad, connecting it with New 
Brunswick. 

Nova Scotia is about 280 miles long, and from tV) to 100 broail, comprising about 
16,000 square miles, or upwards of 10,000,(MX) acres. Tlio surface of the country 
' is moderately uneven, and in some places hilly. The climate is cold, but healthy, 
I and, with the progress of cultivation, is gradually ameliorating. Spring is late 
, and irregular in its approach ; but when vegetation commences, it is very rapid, 
, and in a few days changes the wliole fiico of nature. On the coast the soil is j 
generally poor, but in the interior and northern parts it is well adapted to cultiva- 
tioa Wheat and other grains are raised to some extent, and large quantities of 
the finest potatoes. 

The population, in 1834, was, including Cape Breton, about 195,000; it is now ! 
> probably not less than 9^,000. The inhabiunu are about one-fourth Acadians,! 
or descendants of the first French settlers; a fourth from Scotland, some Ger^ 
mans, free negroes, and a few of tlie aborij^inal raco of Indians; the remain- 
der of the population are mostly from diiTerent parts of the British empire. ! 
The principal exports to Europe are timber and fish, and to the West Indies ^ 
and the neighbouring Suies, timber, provisions, coal of fine quality, gypsum and 
freMlone. 

I The administration of the colony is rested in a govenx>r, ooancil, and boose of ; 

assembly. There are colleges at Halifax, Windsor, and Pictou; also numerous' 

schools, partly supported by government, ibr the invtnction of the lower clashes. 

The religious denocninations arc Kpiscopalians, Presbyterians, Molliodists, Baptists 

and Catholics. 

Hali&x is the capital, situated on one of the noblests harbours in the world, ' 
capable of containing any amount of shipping of any burtheru It was founded in ' 
1748, by General Comwallis, and lias since carried on almost all the trade of the 
colony. At the close of the last war, the population was estimated at 12,000, and 
in 1^ at 18,000. The most extensive dock-yard in British America has been 
fimned here, where a number of ships of the line and armed vessels are generally 
lying, either stationed here or for repairs. A considerable number of troops are 
always in garrison, who, witli tiie naval officers, give it the air of a military place. 
Lunenburg, the chief of the German settlements, contains a population of about 
2000 inhabitants, and has a brisk trade. Liverpool also carries on a considerable ! 
trade; but Shelburn, which, at tlic end of Uic American revolutionary war, was 
the largest place in Nova Scotia, has sunk to a mere village. The north-eastp 
em coast has Pictou, from which, and the neighbouring bays on this coast, is 
shipped the largest quantity of timber and coal. On a river falling into the 
Bay of Fundy is Annapolis, tlie original French capital ; but since the transfer- 
ence of the government to Halifiix, it has sunk mto a mere secondary place. 
Hie trade of this great bay is now carried on from Yarmouth, at its mouth ; the 
population of which, since 1791, has risen from 1300 to 4500. Gypsum is the 
principal article of export 



M'j ruiNci: i:i)\VAiMvs island— NKwrurNPLAvn. 



(';i|n.' I!rr-lo{i is a larj^e inland, w.'j»ar:iti:il from Nova Scotia by St. GixirtjL*'* (jn!: 
iind l!iL' («ut of CansD, u irrcdl p.'irt of uiiic!i i-s not iiioro tli.m ii inii«3 bniad. T:-.*- 
ibi.'Lihl is altoiil llM) iii.los iti UiiL'tiu aiiil fr<jiii :iO to HI in bro;idth. It is fHMictrat' d 
bv u:i !ir:ii o'* tin' sen, rnlli-d lln; I'm*? <l'< »r. wbifli dividf^ it iii.'urlv iiiTii iwo t'.'n. 
porli'iiis and is throiJirh'Uit n.i\ii;:ihii'. 'I'!i»' ^'irtiiCL' i^■ liiviT-ifi.'d by hiiis iimm* .■; 

' ubicli rJM." abovi? lolK) li.Tl ; am! the i-'.iii i> li.l!',' rcMinl to ti.i't oi'tliM ii"!''ii;h»ur.f'"' 
ciJiKiirii?*. Only till' co'iM.-. inoiinliri;i' iii'..-'* o.'iJu' Hr;i>. (i'( )r, bavi* yet i,^ in i i.t.- 
valod; aiiil the poiiiil-ilion in ireinTai i.-» in n !.'>> iiii|)i\.v«'.i sViW tliun in liif nV.» r 
C'^Io!ii»-."s. 'I'hi' clini'i!" n'.-j'mhi».-.-» tiril of thr iwiifiiijj'iriii:; cMunrries ni I'lv ::.- 
I'-nsity of the co!d in winter, and of t'j': heal in Kinnner; but these lollow u* r- 
irri'i^nlarly, and a t'..r!:ii'.'ht'a» thaw (■^oiiT': olV-n ;n tin* niidftt of frost and i-uf>v.. 
V»l lhc>c v.iriati-.'ns nre nut di.sidvarita::* o'ls to iiL^ricnhnre, which, hov.c\er. * 
M:!! in il-^ int'inc/, tin' \ala'ih!e iN>d-ti,.:hi'rv aUractni'' iho chief ind:i-?rv of '..,• 
peojil.*. Caji:; ISrolon, thereloro, iinjKirts w.'ii'.il t!our, thoiiirh it atlimi.s a fcrjij.i 
.siiri)lus of (Kjtii and j»otiro«\-. Tliero aro (luil-Mnnes of great vaUi*\ wJuch hive 
been worked for fil^v ypars; alwut 7l)tU<H) tons aro annmlly ex{)ortud. AUu: 

, tit\v vos!$ei.s avera'^ni^f fitly toii.s each, are aiiunuily builL Cape Breton Ik^s 
pxcelh?nt !i.'ir!K»urs and commands, in a ;rn.at mrasure, the navjrration of the St. 
I/iwroncR. Of th" p(«puhitii-n, fviedin*^ :J.VKK), the ino»«t numrrous pi;)rlion ccn- 
h.sl^ of Si'olti>h hi'/iil:!!.'!' r-*, n!. i m-xt to ihein of Acidians. The i.-'-md wa#, in 
l*»J'i, piiliiicnlly unsti-d l-i .*v\a Si-i.t.fi. f«iid si-mis two members to lh»' huu-<* of 
a.-MMj.hiy. l//ui.'*l«urrr. wh!r!i tisp Frenclj I'nrefnlly f Ttitied, and i.»ade on" <»f Ihc 
piincipal ^tat!<^^s in Ih-ir **\e\v rrmc-/* i? n iw entirely des<Tt«'d, and Sydiioy, i 
viilajre of I'KM) in.habitants, is »][ il-e c.ipil.il which Cape Breton cm U<i»L St 

; l*iMiTs. ou liie K<jn!.h roa.«t, and Arechat, a small tisiiin;.'-lown on Isle Madime, arc 
tiip otli»T princijiil seiilrmnnls. 

To (he h'oiith*eaht of Nova Scotia lies Sable Island, a danj^rous sand-bank io 
the track of vessels fr.iihni^ between Europe and America. 






IMIINCK EDWARD'S ISLAND. 

I*uiNfT Kdwahi/h, formerly St. Johns, is a fine fertilo i.^land in the Gulf of St. 
: I/iwreiu'f, lyini; lu'arly jiirali<'l to tin' coii>ls if .\ova Scotia and \ew Bruiuwick. 
It is i;r» mih'H lonL' and IM briirnl. It is<leeplv indent"d by btiVB and inlets. Thr 
arr-a h r-imjinted at 1,-1'MMHH» acres. Tin? Mjrtace of tin' i.-«hind is lev**l, and va- 
rie.l only by L'^'iitle nn«Iulalions. It bus slu»rl«'r winters than the ncii^hbuunn? 
c^.l.'nie^. and is exompt from tho>c extrenus of heat and cold, and heavy flvir^ 
which r«'iii!er ihi in ofion i-o i:l>Njiiiy. The s .:! is ^iioii and well adapted to airr»- 
cnllure, especially wheat and ont>, of which it atlonls a piirplns. In 17t^, lli* 
island contained ••nly !*><> tamiiii's. The populition is now li^iNN^ chiefly Scotch 
hi!f!ii:itid<rs, :\uA honif? Aendians, and CnL'lisli from Yorkshire. Charlotletown li 
the c:i]»ilai, with a jK»[iiiI'itio»i of l\ri\)[). Th« re aro seviTal other Hnall town» in 
th'j island : sonic of them rire (icorretown, Belfast, Dartmouth, Prince 'J^uwn, &.c. 



NKWI'OrXDLANP. 

TiiM 'nr'/'^ i.'lind i.'. 'ViO noles l.io.r and M(MI broad, situated at the mouth of th«» 
(i«iif if S'. l/iwri-rir.'. ae.d is l!je m »-t ea-ter:i pir! i-f X'Tth America. The iTv- 
t'-ri'.r of .\f\\:!.M!- liJind has iiev»r linH llior«M;:hly explored. It prei^«^nt» a S»!d 
i.nd .-It kV -I." I", iil-'M!! I:!iir in hiirSairs. Th'* :-oil i> n:.'.'iiy !»3rr»Mi, and the ttm- 
1»T .-•■.Miity a'n; -'.i:n!« ■]. S.i!!ji» Irnct', h'i'A«'\'T. are rtM»'-»*«'d to U- widl tUtrtl ^»r 
p..-! ::r.'j''. 'lif • l.fiii!" I.-' Fi-X'Ti'. an I the Ciiinliy i- fr. •; H-ntly \sMtei| b> drcarv 
fi .rs r»ri'! .'-■'. f "^ « I ^'•■^■? ;;!id .-:!•. w. 

'I*!; - .' -" iri I • ■..• -^ .!- JiiiHit' iMM* to ii-j cihiti-'M'ries. wl- «'.» :ir»* 'oe w.. -• \B''!n' '•• 
I", t.'.i" ■.»■ r'-!. T" •• !•■•. :■!•• tnlo n -■ii"!\ , w :l'i l.- ''^d I:.-*.!;-, i:- '.\ i;.«. \'\5,V>,\s» .'i 
.-■.ri- fl.i''»»'.v I' .. • ■, I '■■' !'i!v f'-r'i.'il l«v ;!,•■ i!' •.•-•.'••?• •'•' ''•'^••- i-rotii'V* 11,.%^ ^x-ni , 

t ' • : I 



1 ;2 I'NITKD STATES. 



UNITED STATES. 

Tin: Unitfd Statks nrc the most intercstinsr ond important division of the 
weslorn continent, 'i'hey nro dititin^uishcd fur the excellence of their govern- 
mont« the rapid incrruhro of the papulation, and for the intelligence, industry, afid 
ont(*rprisi(? of the iiihabitantii. They occupy the most valuable and productive ' 
porting of North America, uud rank aniongj^t the most powerful commercial and 
wc.iUhv nations of tlic globe. 

'I'he'rnited Statos nro situated Iwtwecn 2P 2(V and 540 40* N. latitude*, and 
li»n«ritii(le 17^ E., ami l'2o^ \V. lonfritudo, extending through 29 degree.** of Jali- 
tuiii.' and iyi dp:zree.s of longitude, and comprise a superficial area of upwards r.:' 
'J,:JOlMH»U square miles. 'IMio frontier lino has a length of 1(^000 milc:f, of which 
|ttlKinl ;.W(.M) are HPa-coa?»l, and I'M) lake-coast. A line drawn acrora from the At- 
lantic to the l*:irific, thnmgh the centre, i.-^ alwnt 25(X) miles in length. 
1 So \a.-t a region of course includes a great variety of surface, soil, and climate. ' 
It alM)un!is in navigable rivers, and a large proportion of it is susceptible of culti-; 
vation, and is of a quality calculated to repay the labour bestowed upon it, morei 
than almost any othfT region of the same extent in the world: but a small portion 
of it:< surface in orrupi<'d by mountains, which, from their height or ruggedne**,; 
forbid all atteniplri to rrnder them prrNJuctiiT in the means of subsistence tu num. 
There are no nreat ileserts. nnd few Imrrens; nothing like the vast sterile plains 
which exi^t in other parts of the world. The ba.sinti of the rivers are excce»i- 
ingly productive: that of the Missi.-sippi, including the Missouri, Is undoubte«i!y 
ihe lim'st valley on the trhiln'. It is abundantly watered by streams, uhich not 
only f:ive ffrldily to their iM^rdnrs, Imt are ready to waft the gift.*? of the soil to the 
ocean, and bring back to the inhabitants the priMlucts of all other climef^ The! 
soil returns an ample harvest \nr all that is planted in it, and the chmate i^ &%'our-! 
able to nlmodl every priKlurtiun of the earth that can su^tain life or increase it» 
luxuries. 

Th"ugh lying within the tnmperate zone, the United States embrace arrreat' 
v;iriety of climate. In thn northern part.«, the wintc-r.s are long and si*vere; snow 
often fails to the depth of two or three feet, and the rold is ^ piercing %a \o 
e»bliL".' th»j inl'.abitfinl.s tr> niake very diligent priiii>ion u<jrainpl it Spring return? 
here in Aprd, and in sunnner the heat is great. In the i<outhern parts of the 
country, snow i< .-•■lil«.m sein, ire is rarely lornird in the rivers, and those tni«t5 
whii-h hlirink t'rum a northern clini'ite, and nouri>h tmly in warm roL'ions, are 
.^•caltered f>ver the •^fiii. In (leorL'ia, the inhabitants nuiy collect the tig<i mhich 
grow betiire the wmdows, and may l(.ad their t'tbles with oranges, leuioiui, and 
other exqui-^itn fruit.« t!iat grow in their g!irdens and groveti, while in |MirtJ ofi 
Maine. Xt'W IIaMip.<hire, and Vermont, even peaches will not t1ouri>h. IIi*tween: 
theM? extremities, as in Virginia, K«'ntui'J%y, .Mii^ouri, nnd Illinois, there i» a re- 
gion nilapt'.'d in the wine-<>ra)H*, which tliri\es hvA in pliicis rt*movcd fiocn lKilh< 
llie t4>rriil and frii^sd zimi's. 

The I'nitf d Si ties are intersi'eteil by two prineiiwil and two siiUmlinate fanipey 
of miiuntains the Korky and Alleirhany, the Oznrk and lireen MountainiiL The 
Rocky Mountain, or Chipp'waynn rani'e, furms the great dividing riilge of North 
Amerien, sepratinif the waters which flow in op{)osite dircctionii, towards Iho 
great oceans uhich ixnind the op|Misite sides of the continent. They are aitnated* 
at a medium distance of about (KN) unit's from the Pacific; the highest rise abivvej 
the line iif fHTpeliial rnngel'ttion, iN'ing estimated at about 12,(MH) feet in height- 

Tlie Allecrhany, cir .\)i{i.-ilariiian ran<;t>. runs in a north-eaiiterly direction fiun 
the nc»riherii part ot' .-Mnliama to .\ew*Vork, stretehiiig along in unitorm ridges^ 
at the distance i>f iVoni 'J^'iO to *^() mi]i*s from the M^a-i'tHisI, and fiillowing its geiit*- 
ral (hn ction. I: lo^nipir.s 111 lirtMiith a fpuce of f'riMii (M) to l!i2U miles, ami sepa- 
mii< t! !• wifer^ V. ii.ili riiri i:.*o rln* \tl.ifitu* t Vivin, tVum those ubich flow into 
till' Ml. -.'- P|M .!■• i •" tf.'.ii'. '.r . -. TIm- ii ■•ln-i ilcv.ilinn in this ran;:e, and tr;«» 



iMri:i> STATIC ii.j 



tuiiyi proiiiiitfril III tlic AtiaiUic Sintfs i*> liiack Muuntiin, in th« M^ostcrn |virt of 
North Carti-ini : it m (>I7ii irct in lic:::lir. 

Tii*^ (irecn ^^llIllt.lMls «'xtciiil triHii ('mini^cticiit, tliMtiL'li Mn^<^acllllM•ttil Qiitl 
Vpriiiont, ti) Caiiail:!, ('i\ii!iti;r tiio Ail.'iitt.c rivt'r.^ t'roin X\uv\* cif I/ikf (.'hnniplniii 

!in«l l!ic St. lAwnnc-'. S.«in»' iil' lh»' i«i'ak>- «-t" ihw ian:;i* attain considorabU* »»In- 
\:it>>>ii. In Xl">\ llninp.'*lur'* and .Maiii\ an* tnum! many ('i*iisiiiOraM<* pfaks wind ; 

ar»' n t runneriril with any j-y.-ti'inatir ran^i*. Imt nn' wnttrrifl m liflarlifHl 
I /rnufi-. Till- W'liiii* Ml iiiitiiin**, m N»'iv ll:irii;i>liiri*, nr»» tho uio.-t rlpvaltsl in 
.\«'W Kniflanil. Mimnl Kataiiilm, nr Ktaailin. lu-ar llx' ct*ntrp nl' tin* ytnto of 
Masu", IS the li:i:li«'-t in tliil ht.ili*. 'I'fii* \if\v t'i«iMi ll^ Kiinnnit is liiu' ami varifil, 
ami r.\?«'niU uvt-r Hinr llH» niil*-*. Tin* c'llnT pniioiivil ht'!:jtit!< in Maine nri* 
N\'.T"».it.iipi".k Mtiint-cin. .Musiiit Abrnliniii. Miunl ni:?i!«i\v, SjHvklrii ^fltnntalIl. 
Tit*- t»/nrk M»'ii:itnin- r\!t'ii.l t*r«'m Ttv;'!-!. I'l'-'-i/li lli»* ui.'.-liTn pirl i»t' Arkan- 
ri-:, Intel till' lra«!-:mn»' rt-i'i-'n nt" M-.-.-uir:. 'i'lu'ir i;«"n«'nil (!lrcM!tiiin i** n«'arly 
-Ml Ir t'l til it «'f llif All«':'!i:iny rar./t.', unil ilu :r allituilf i> Mipj»«i>«»il to hv bImuI 
•J'Hhl iri'l :iU.\i« Till" *. a. 

'!':.■• l-rriturv i.!' tli" I'm. hi! S?al«- i^ v.a>!n.*!i hv t!iri'«* htis. t'le Atlaiitir Oroan 
ii-i itjt* fi-l. tl»i* iiiiW I't Mi'XH'ii till tl." M-nili, an«l tin* racilu' Ocean on thi? \\*'A. 
*!':.«• :ir!nii|iii li;iys ai:ii mujiuIs nn \U*' Arinrs*" l-nnl" r, nro ]*assninaf]n(Nli)y \\t\\ 
\\M!i li :i"> iM'twii'ii lhi» ^^all' uf Mann.' win! lti»' nrili"!! pruvuico of Now hruns- 
■A ''i\. Ma^Kiriin.-'Msi liny, l><''\\i'iii (\i|>«.' Ann an*! Capr ('ml, on the ci«:«t of 
Ml- . I-.M"!' tl"; I.'irii' I-I'in'l Snn.il, liflwi.«*n l^'TMf I^lriii'l aiitl the coa.«t of (^>n- 
^' « ". • iit ; M'ljwtirf Hiy, In :\v«'i'n (':>])♦» May an-! ('ap»' Ilfnii'pcn, which fi^jvi- 
: tl»t Ni'w J'TH'V f'rc:n Dilawaro; ClH'sipi aU-- Rty, \vhio!i nmnniiniratt'^ with 
!'ii' 4Mi'a:j hi'iivi.'i.ri I'aji*' ("hisrli -■ ::nil Cajn* IIi i.ry, and ♦■xtt-nds in a northern ili- 
r'«!'«'n lt«r 'J'l^' liiiii >, ifsn-n/h lh«» >?at«> »«l' V.r:;:nia niiil Maryland; and Alh<*- 
iiiirl'- and I'ainit'.ic » SmuthIs f.i lh«* ri«isl k*' Ni-rih (*ari'lina. In the (lulf of 
Mt-Mftf, ihf princijul hayn an* ('hntiiiin IJiy, m-ar thi* sfiiitiit'ni rxtrpmily of the 

. r»--iiin>n].i of Kicrida; A'tpal:i('hi«' Miv : aiul Muhilr lliv, in Alahama. In lUo 
r.uMfii'. tht* Jiulf of (ifirirta is thi' imo>1 iin[>>irtant mlft on ihi? wi>tiTn c«»a?it of 
in*' I'lLti'd S!a!i's. It m panties (^luira and Vanrouvpr'it Ipl.ind t'roni tin? main 
iind. nnd i:i nSjut 12U nnh'H m Ii'ii::!!i frimi luTlh to i*outh, and from 5 tj ^) nidfit 
in V. i.;t!i. 

' Th- jjrt'at lak*^.* Siii»«'riur, Miin:!, Krj*. and (.)iitari'\ nijl hrii::: •sIiii^i'IImt in the 

' rnilcd Stall'."*, have 1m i-n d' •(TiIhiI rd.*pwhpr«*. Tin' Imnndary In'twern Xho Bri- 
t.«li a;n! AfinT.rnn tt.rrii'irn.-.- p:l?^• s throti-jh Ihrir rrii!r»'. riLiiltini; aJMin! an i*rpnl 
.-har«' I'f tiii'ir \I1^t wat(T< to I'lrii nal.on. I/ik" Miiin/'iii !•» \\hi»!Iy uithni the 
t'-rritory of the l.'mti'd Slatfs. It is comnrii*.'. wjlh lliin'n hy liic Strait of 
M:L'li.lliniaf'kinar, and is aUint IVJO inili'>4 in lon^'th, r.:vl t''<>rn .Vi to (Ul nid^s wait*, 
with an uri-a of Ki/JlX) .•^ipiart' milrs. Tho coiinlry arciiMl ihn tn-ad of this lake 

1 1." iM'tllin;; rapidly ; and the niildnr>M of th«* clnnale. thi* t'xndji'ni'p of thr >«iil. 

' nnd tJiP prolmMe ^porHIy jcinclinn of it>- watiT' wiiU UumQ of t)ie Mis.-iissippu will 
^fl<>rt]y till ihis |iorlion vt' lh«* wcyt wiih popii!a(i«)n and wnlth. Tty th? St.(*Iair 

■ Kiiur, of iCi mih'.i omrM', tho wali-m of Jliirnn rnpiuly di"«*t'n«l t»» the St. CLiir, a 

; ^ilailOW lake alioiit IK) nnhm in rirriiit. iVtroxt Kivi-r connort.H I.'ikes SL flair and 
Krif. Tiic othiT lakes of any inaL^nitud*.* m iht* rnitrd Stati-;^ arc (.*hirnplain in 
Nrw-Vork, W inn I pis«'i >;:•■(' in Ni-w Ilampchirf, and Mocm? Head in Maine. 

I/ike Cham plain n'pa rates the Stateii of New York an«i Vcrinnnt, and id in 
exlent 140 niih*«: nearly nmth and south. It is connected with the Hudson river 
by the C'haniplain canai, and with ifio St. Ijiwrencn river hy the Si'trelle, or Kirho 
lien. J^rife and elejr.tm wteim-btnts ply diily h''lwecn Whitehall an*! Sl JohnX 
Itfiwcr (*annda. which lunrh at the princi^ul p!.!C<-s. anii niimeroud travellers are 

. cuniitJintly pajv*in:r and npissinir t'lis route diirin;; the uoason of navit*Htioii. 

' Ijiko \Vinnipis<.M)pec is one nf the nineil pirtureHjiic hhcets of water in New 

I England. It is very irreirular in TTin, and contains a number of iailanda, Fome of 

I which arc cultivate^!. The lake is aiiout 2*2 mdes lon^, ami frucn 1 to 8 milcis 
wide. 

.Mor«ic Head I.nke ir- hitnnted m the central part^ of Mnine. It ii of an-irm- 
enlar form. aUiut ',i^ noli's in lonvth. and from 2 In 12 v.'tde. The mam branch 



in 



VNITKD S'l'ATKS. 



fif Kc?nii«'lv>ck rivor flows trurii »♦. Arouiii.I it, nl varioud dijJlanro.-i, nrc 
. Mjiiu' f.r tlio liiirhr.-t iiioiiiii-ini< in Mnin". 

Th?* lliviTs which walor the li-rritory ol' ih"^ I'liitnil Stfito.' are niiinpi 
• .-sDiiio dl" tinMii ninnnir Iho most iniportiiif in tin; \\orhl. No |K-irtion of tl 
! jKw-sf's.-ca pri'JitiT I'urihtios for inl-iTuI naviir«tion nn«l tni(h\ »ir i? rnorr p 
' iiiterp«*ctc<i with lar«;c ami navirrablo stn.'iin?. Th<*v iimv bo liiviiled i 
i lyrfjal chi.-sps : 1st. 'i'ho Htri'jwr.s whirh rino nn tho oast .si<l« of the A 

■ mountain-', an«l tlow into tho Atlantic Oman: *J<1. Thopp south of the Al 
rani^o, whirh ihM-har;r«' thom-'-'Ivts into ilio Ciulf of .Mivvirn; 'M. The Mi 
unil it? wnle trihutarst^s, whirh cirain the untors of the vast vall'»y inri 
tw».'<'n the Il«x*ky an.i All'^jrhariy r:inLr»>s; nui\ 4lh. Thi? rivers w'lich, ri.-iri 
■.v«>leni lioclivity of the lltKiky Mount;iin>', direct their course to th»j 

'I'ho P(no!)?:cot i-^ t!ie lir;ji -t rivr that hn< iis cour.-.? whnily in tfi<* 
.Main»'. It joiuH the l*ennh'r.»r IJiv hft'.vi''*n tlie to'.vn-of Pt-noI'-.-'rot nn 1 I 
It is naviir-'ilili.* tor vr.-.«<'ls of (w-iiri'lrralv' ImnhMi to niii^'.-r, whore nnviiri 
the li'le torminate. Lar^^e r,n:in'.itios of tiinhor art? exj^irtoil tro!:i the r 
on tfie rivor ami hav. The coiir.->' of this rivor i^ noar IMM) iiwlo'^. 

Kt'n:nh"ok Ilivor i.'', i':Ovl l«» tho l*ono'i*C"t, the I jrj»"'t in Mnino. I 
outlol (if .Mfo-o Mearl hkf, t!io nio'^t cnn-ifhTuhlu in the Stato. It i*' n* 
for vofo-o!.-; of l.'Mi l-ms to IIull'i'.vi.'iI, M) nnlo.s from the s"a. iM uhcle ( 

■ about *i;}t> milos 

Connocticut Ilivor, the m(»«>t ii:ii^»rtanl stroim in New Knprlnn?], ri-'C- 
hiijhjanrl-* senaritin;^ the IJnitod Sritos from Canmin, ajul tlriw« into Ii.-in 
S<;m:'l, alliT a course of iijmanl.s of4tM) niilo*. It is niviifahlo to Il.ir 
Iarir<^ Fteam-boats, nn<l vi.':>ols r-t' ** ft ct lirauirht ; also tlir Kina!! s'oam- 
\VelI-4 rivor, in Vorniout, ni'»ro than LMHJ milo< alwve Harttiml. Tho hoi« 
of this rivur are elovated IHtMl foet aliove Ix)ni Islaml Sonn*!. Its hnnk^ 
to tho eye every varioty of sconory : — ma;5:iitic'."nl monntaind an«l Jiiils «!' 
valh'vs ami moiduw?, ui.-'imas-etl in bonnly ami tertililv, and nianv i,f t 
bonutitnl towns and viIlaL'»"? in X»nv Kni'lnui. 

The IIud>*<jri Rivor risi-s Wl•^t ot' 1/iko Chnmpinin in n^jnorens 1 ranr' 
I pnrsuinif nearly a sirai"ht s<)Uth«Tiy roi:r-o i-f ahont iVJfl nulos, nnito^ v 
I Atlantic Ijolow tin; city of Nov/ Vi)rk. This i.s one of the mo^i importa; 
in tho l.*n?ted Staios. 'I'iie invij-ition and cn'nm»'rceon its waters are ver 
and anmnlly incri'U'.inr'. My ih'.-ip- of the Ijfio and ('hamplain canal*, ii 
iiected With I/iko Kri* and lie' Sf. Law ri'ni''» rivor. Tl is n'wiintdo for ? 
lar:;e hnnl.'n to n«i'i-i>!i city, urA llir tlio la:""o>l ^;l'am-lK^^t^ to Allnny am 

Dt'iawaro Kivr risi-- in .N'"..' Vi»rk. arnl ttov»in'j s-MUlh. so;virite» IN-nn: 
from Now V'>ik an ! N«".v J».T-i'y, an«l f,ili-« into I>«'liware bay. tiU'^r a en 
almut 310 njiles, b'.low Now CiMli'. It is iiaviL''aMe f.»r v*>t1s of tlie j 
burden to Philadoiphia, antl tiir siuill cratl to the lioad of ihe tide nt 'j 
alK)vr» which city »t h n'lvji^ahjo liM> milos tor ho-its of ^^ ««r ton*. 

Su^fpndianinli Ilivor, uw of th*- lap'o.-t in lN'nn<\iv inia, is fjrnieil by i 
and wf>.-t bnmchos, which nnit*> at Northunih«'rland. Its north, or ll•n£fe^t 
ri-'o.' m OlsoM-i) Inko, New Vtrk, from v.honce to its mouth is alMWit ItJi) m 

Till' Potomac IliviT rises in two branchi**' in the Ailo^rhmv .MoiintJii 
fiirms, diiriiiL'' its cour-Je to Chi'-iaijoakt' Ikiv, th** lK)iMidurv lM»t\\een Virsri: 
Marylaml. It is uaviiniblo tor vi^-rl- of larijo liurt)ii.'n to \Va.-hini;ton ei 
junrlion al llarjx'r's Ferry with tlie Shonandaiti, is reirnrde«i as u !»rcal ci 
It-i hMif'th H aU«"it IW.'i miles. 

J'liio's Kivor pursiips a conrso of upwanl-^ i»f HH) mnos, and unites i» 
'••iiiMi part o:" (';i»'>.in.«;ike Hay at Hampton ll'»a«ls. It h niviuils'.o lor s>1 
iSiohiMon !, v,hiro the (in*at F.ilN li>ri:i»»r;v :»P\-ontiHl wi o!i«.irii> ti<>n. but 
h-i» boon ma>io :• round tliom, and the river is now iiavuraMe tor battej 
mib's n'wvo ijj" c;ty. 

Siviii'i'ifi !1 V r -f;>i::ito!* S'iiit'» (':ir»l:na I'n'iii Cloornia, and o mors lb** . 
17 .Mill' > ii« .'"W Sunninh, to wJi-.ch iity it is naviiTuVic tur vi.'.h:kU of Ui 
df fi. S»»Mm-l.riai-! n-(»Mid tin* riv»T to .\uiru>t.a tiiUs^. 



' 1 IG UNITED STATE 



, of the Onadian, its larcfcst tributary, and occasionally to Cantonment Gibsorif (>4n 
', niil(*s t'roni thn Mii^i^ii^ippi river. 

The Red Kivor ia the (irt^t tributary stream of any note which enters the Mi?- 
6is.si)>pi, in nscendinf; from it.s mouth. It has a course of about I5U(.I niile^, and 
flows throuirh immense prairies of a rod fioil. 

'I'he principal tributaries uf the Mississippi which flow into it from the cast- 
I ward arc as follows : — 

I ("hippo way River, '200 miles in lentrth, enters tlie MiKsissippi at the lower end 
;of Like Pi?pin. 

I 'i'hc Wisconsin River joins the Mississippi about 4 or 5 miles below the tows 
jof Prairie du Chien. In |Kirt of its course it approaches so near the Fox River 
I of (ireeu B.iy, as to leave a |)«)rta(je of only l.J miles. It is one of the g^cat natu- 
I nil channels of conmiiinicution iN'iween the lakes and the Mi8si&«iippi. 
I The Illinois River enters the Mi.-sis-ippi H miles at)o%'e the Missouri, afler a 
. cour.-'C of more than lOi) mib-s. It is near a quarter of a mile wide at its mouth. 
j and has a remarkably snnjutli, ^^enlle current. 

I The Ohio Rivt'r is the hirire^t «M.'«tern tributary of the Missussippi. Al it* 
I junctiun, an 1 for lUO miles alKive, it is as larije as the pirent stream. This river. 
I fiuni its coiniiiencement, jilKirds lljc most delij»hlful prospects. Tributari#»s of 
; romantic and bf^autiful cliaraetcr come in almost at equal distances, as Literal 
i canals. The Ohio is fi?rinfHl by the union of the Alleijhany and Monon^ahela 
; rivrrs at rittslur<r. It f!o\\s in a south-westerly direction for 94-') miles, s«<'pin- 
: tin<^ the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, from Virifinia and Kentucky, and 
talis into the Missi.'-sippi I1K3 miles below the Missouri. Its current is {f»»nlle. 
;and is nowhere broktm by any considerable fill Is, except at Ixniisville, in Ken- 
tucky, where the writi-r d»>cenrls 'J'JJ feet in *J miles. This obstruction is now 
obviated by the I/juisville and Portland canni, which afUinls a {nssaf^e to steam- 
biMits of small tlratl, al all seanms, to the upper parl.i of the river at Pittsbiirfr. 
I The rliief tributaries of the Ohio are the \Val»ash, a fine naviirable river, \vh;ch 
I ri.<(^s in the north-east p'irt of Indiana. It is in len;rt}| alxmt 450 miled. 
1 Tin? (>,i:nlM-»rland RiviT rises in the mountains, <m the eastern lioundary of 
; Kentucky. At hii;h water, it is navi^rnble for boat^ almost to its iH>urce, and fcr 
'tteaiii-lnMls to Xashville at all seasons. 

Tennessee River is formed by the union of several larjye branchcii, wh.rh 
ri'-in;? in tho mnuntuinuii-*- euuulry in western Virijinia and Xtirth Cart^lina, unite 
in r.iw ill the vininiy of Knoxviile, enters tin* Ohio 4(!iiiili>salKivc the Mis^'><> p;:, 
an<l \'2 Im'Iow the ('uiiib«*r!an<l. Its entire cour.-e ihnii the Fource of its luniji-^t 
bniii'.-h, i.s Kj() mill's di^t'int troin the Ohio. It i-i navifrable for stcam-hiMT.s in 
' most slajri s of the wat«T, !o Flnri'iici*, at the fmit of the Muscle Shoals. Tins u 
the most im{H)rtant of all tlie tributaries of the Ohit). 

The Vazoo, the most RiiithrTii of the princifKil e;!htern tributaries of the Mm>- 
sis.-<ippi, has a eour>p of 'J-tO miles, and dischar^rfs its waters into tlie Mii%*««:ppi 
.alN)ut I*J miles above the Walnut llilN*. 

I The mo>t con«iidfrabIe rivi-r on tlie Pacific side of th»^ Rocky Motmtam* w lh«'» 
I rolumbia, or Ore^ifon. Iin head-watfrs inteHcck with the Arkansw^, R:o dt*l 
, Norte, tl'c. : it is aknit IIOO miles in leiiirfh, its prineifial branches are I/Pw:5*« or 
! Sapt in river, 1(NH) inilfs in extent ; (.Mark*s or Flat Head river, 7110 mile!i IcoCt 
; M'tiillivray's, (Jkinaffan, &c.. Fort iivot^u or AMoria, Fort Vancoaver. and 
.others, on thi'.-e waters, are tradini; establihhmentM belonjrin^ to the Briti»h Ilud- 
Fon's R'ly ('i>iii|i.'iny. Vcsm'N of l^H) tons may ascend the Columbia, 125 m;!o«; 
and l-irj^t* sl>K)p» may ^<i up to the head of title, K\ miles from the Ocean. 

Minrnil> alioiind in the (Jnited Htaten in ^^rcat variety and profusion. Imn t« 

vr ry i:c'iier.-illy dstrii^i'd, and is vi-ry abnnd int. I.i'ad, lHni*»tonr, and coal both cf 

th>' aiitl.r.K'itf aini lutiiininoUH kind, uliound in quantities supposed tu U* fn«*%- 

haii^tiblc, e>[M'ciaIly of the ii)riiifr destiription. (loid has recently been fu*ind ti> 

a oi'ii^idi-nihii* niiiniiiit u\ Viririnia, .North and South Tarolina, (lour^iia, AlaJnina. 

I ami T( niii^si ••. Thi' loo^t \aluiible iiiuieH are in North (*arttlina ami Gcvtifi^ii. 

i li >.- i\\:\u •! I J.. ■ ■•••r! .'.• t'l" :iiii.'ii?ii of irold fnwu'l ill lh*« FnitiHl States; but th* 

ivalii.' <•,' t-,.- II..!, I ..III ;.. tl,.. Mint, t'n.in 1 •«-.':) to ISUI, was $>l,:n7,riOO, pti>> 






IMTKI) STATKS. 147 



biMy not our* iiali* of the pri>iltir*i' t'>>r tii:il |ii-rii>ii. .ih l.inn- aiiuiiinw i>t' it ure sent 
Ui K<irn{ii' uii<*i>ii;i il. 'I'hi' li'acl-iiiiiiis i>i' MoMuiri, Jliiii'iis ami \\ iHCtiihin, arc 
<«:ii'l i4) hi' till' ri>.'tii"Ht ill t|niility in ttif wnrld; uiid tin- ijuiiiiiiiv i>t ih.il iiii-tal vx- 
tr.ti'ii'il from tlii' iTr. wiiiiiii Uh- last tfw \t-.irs, has hi-iii «•) ^riat »•« lo ixrlmic 
.tliii'Hl riiiin ly the ri>rr'it,'ri aitii'U- Iroiii niir iii.irkf 1*4. 'J'hc annual pfiliiL't* u( the 
Mi'«^i*uri iiiiii*-s in t^iiiii.iii'd al 5) inil!i>.>ii, aiid ot'thi' Iliiiiuis ami Wincunbiii, :!4 , 
initlii>n [xiiiiitU. 

^alt s|iriiit:« aliiMinil in niuiiy imrK criiu- rnioii, ami lariyiMiiianiitirs an- inanu- 
lariiin-tl in Nrw Voik. W rsii rit l*« nnsylvaiiia, WfHlrrn Vir>;ini.i, Ohix, ami llii- 
n->i!« : II irt aUn uiaili* rr>ni Ma-wai'-r in timiir |iarl.siif New Knglan<l. Tliu uholc* 
jin^uni niaiii' in I'^tO wan G.lTl^.lTI bn^lnltf. 

Til*' rniicfi Si.iti s t'lrni at'uliTal ri'pnhin.*. Karli i>f iIm> Stales is inikiitnili'Ut, 
aiiii lias lli»' r\(-|i:sivf iMiitinl ••!' iill ruiiCt rns nuTily UH^ai ; hut Ui«* lirlV'iicc uf the 
t'Hiuiiry, ilie rrL'ul.ituMi ol' ri'Uinifrcf, and all ilif ifrneral CDnccrns of the coufttie- 
rai'\. art- rwiuniiiicil, hv lin* t'lmsiitiiti'in, to a L'l'ncr.il ir«>V('rnnu'iit. 

'I'.*' !f :!".!. Ill Vf |»«.iw»r i*. vi>iid in a ( 'firjrt •"i.ronsiMiuir ot'a Senate ami llnU"**; 
I r I»f jifi -•• nl.ilivfs. Till' Si n.ili- is rii:ii|iiiHfil i,|' -J ni« inhere fruin e.u'h State, 
i-n->»i II ivf ry i\%i.> ytMr-. l"t .i perhMl >>r'M\ )• .ir<. n-t lii.ii (tiie-thirtl i>r thu Senate 
I" n III \\< >i iinnniaily. 'I'lie nii-iiihi-r.> <•! tin- Ilnus*' ot' Ke|ireNeniaiiVfH art* I'liusrn 
i\i ry i\%ii y<'ar». 'I'h* ir nuinlur is |>rMpi)rti"iicil tn the nunilier i>t' inh.il>itants, and 
III' r.-ti • iiin liiTii lixtil at fn«' tor e\irv 7ti,ri*^ii iiiirahitaiit>. thn-e-hl'ths of the 
^l.ivi ■< III in:; nrmtteil in llie eni::n< falinn. The lIou>e ot' He|ire!ii-n(alive» repre- 
■'■i liS llir j'r.>|i]e; the Seii.iti' fi-pre^i Ills the St.itt s. 

Till- lu Ih'I iry is ir<>:n|i<->i il i^la Sujiri ine Cnuri, ot'ur.f rhief and ( i^ht associate 
J »•:.•• - ; • t .:.'i iM-iri-'i <*• uiIh. i>\' i-m- jcxljr ea«*h. e\«epi that srVMi ut' tlu; SiaUrn 
in i:i\i.!«il intii liistmis -New Vi rk. I't iiiis\ Ivaitia, Virginia, Alahania, MisniB- 
•iiji^'i .11, il i.'iiii-yi.iiM, are ilividi'l inl'i tiV'i dl^lIll*ts lacli, ami 'i*i'nnts>«e is divided 
iiiiii ilin I ilioilnclt) ; liiere ari* \* ('ir>''ii: ('ii<:ri<«, iMin|iO!»cd ol' tiip Jndi;u ut* thu dis- 
irn't, .:ii«l line <■!" itn- judji** i.d" t!ie >iij.ri:iie ('• uru 

Tin- lAtonlr.o |ni\u r is \i>ied m a l*re>idi'nt, \ihn, tnirether with the Vice-" 
I'n ->:•!• lit, IS rh<>'>t n i >r ('• i.r yi ar>. hy i lerturs rri>ni all the States. The prinripal 
"sijIiiT.liri.ile I tlin r!i fC' lin- i Xi i'i:live rii |i,irt'iiriit are the Serret.iries *>( Stair, of 
l!i«' 'in .I'lirv, iif \\ .1', ami 1 I ihe N.iw, ihe I'ostinastrr-CH-nrral, and the Attur- 
mv-di 111 nl. Tiie I'll >!.!• ikt iiiii>i Si a i..:iivt-hi>riiriii7.t n,i>r iiavr hi en aritizrn 
.ii i:.i' .ii!"[»'i -n I'l' tilt <-< ii'^'.iititi.'i:. • f .'{.'» yi;'rs i.f aije, and liave r< "ided in llic 
' I i.iiid S:.iti > M \i ir<». Til ]•: ■>• nt t*"i.>ii!t!!|<'ii of the Inittd St.iti-s wna 
ad<-{iti->i ill 17**'.'. and ha<i mhit hit n am* n>!tMl. It M-rures to the peuplr tlie ^rraiid 
1 riiii'ipli's id' ireti!*>ni. ji'urty i\' ei>ii»iMen«-e in matiiTs v( reliirii ii. liht-rty ef the 
|ri.->, trill hy jury, .iii.l t:ii' rii^hl id'cli'Msini: antl heinjr i'li<»en In ntlsci'. 

Tin' prini'ipal exei'ulive i'iri«'pr.s are ijie Sieretiries of State, nf llio Trrasurv, of 
\ War, and id" the Navy, tlir |'.<i»tin.ist( r (■ineral. and the Atlt>riiey (Jemral. They 
.iTv reiiiuvahle at the will «il'i:ii' I'ri i^idi-nt, and, wiili thu Viee-Prt nidi nt, form the 
I'ahiiirt. The Department if Stale \% as rn aii d in 1 7^*J. The Si rrelary rnnducia 
the ht'i^itiiati.'i'.ii wiih t'>*rtii:n p<.>wt i». iind ri>rr«spijids witii thi*puhlie I'linisii rd of 
tile rmted Slati-s abfi-ad, and uilh lho>i' • f luri-iirn slati-s neirthe riiilid Status. 
Me has tile r!iar«re id' t!ie I'niiid Stairs si:il, preserves tin- iiri^iirals nf laws and 
tn ati< s, and uf thi* puhlit* r<.irresp>'iiJenrp irrmvin^ out id'tlie interrniirse between 
the I'nited Suites and I'oreiiin iiaiii'iH; he i:raiii8 passports t>i Aineriraii citixens 
visitiiiir fufvitrn r*'uuirivs, has tht> contrid of the patent oiTire, and preMTTPs the 
evidetiee f>f copy-ri)rhts. There an* attaeheil to the Depariineiit uf Stati\ a Diplo- 
inalir liureau, a CVnsuIdr liureau, a Hdno Uureau. and the Patunt Offire. 

The Ta*asury Uepartiiiunt was created in 1789. The Secretary 8up<-[ intends 
the t'lKcal concerns uf tlie (rovernmeiil ; he is r«i|uired to rrp'-rt to (\iniiri'!«s annu- 
ally the state of the finances, and recommends such nieasun*s as he thinks proper 

I for improving the condition of tlie rtvcnun. The Treasury Departinpnt comprises 
thu olficps of the Secretary, four Controllers, ten Audit'>rs, the Kejjister, the Trea- 

■ suriT, the Sidicilor of the Treasury , and the i/ind Office. 

I As there 14 at present no dinct laxaii-^i hy i!ie {▼eneril C'vernmrnt, the revenue 
has aristMi cliiefly from the customs on iinpurts. and from the sale nf the public 

87 



IH UMTEI) STATES. 



l.in«i-». liy im-M? im: iis ihr ir.iii'.n:-.! H'/vt-Tnmciji was chubltt!, January I^U 1-^7. 
n >l ui»!y I'} r 'injilt to tin* iriyim.ril "f tn-- piibho iWui c. nlr:n?ltil I'urin^ iw» u:r- 
ivii'i (irt'al lihi'.iii: but, iili» r r».:*»Tviii'^ $>j,«Mio,MiMi, liuy \\< re I'.bN* i-> i:j>i:i'i!.!. 
tu lilt* Slates tbe Mini ul" 5i»."J7,lti''.-.Vj, wtiifli, by ;.n act ul' Jui.c -^M, l-'i»i, uu- 
' (lf|wisiT*.Ml with tiiCMii ucronlinjr ti ih*- r.unibir ••I'lia-ir tlt-clMfal v-.t»s, li.i'»li :•• :■♦ 
r»'«Mil«.il in <'af*».* of lu-rfssiiv, but wlin;ii will pr'SuMv nvvrr U* recalled. 'I'l: 
<r{eat c\{)fn>»^ ot* ibr Iii<li:in \v:ir in 1* i< ri>i:i, ;.iiil tfir (!iiiiiiiiiti>iii i t th*- c.-^: :i.< 
ill ronsf«juen«;«* ijl'r'j.iunt rci.il «'»iibarra."«sinc:nts, cuuhmI lb'; i'X}it*ii!!ts ul" ili»' 'j"\* r:.- 
lUPMl triiiporarily ij rxrcfl ib<* ri-vi'mn*; s» ilj.il a Miiall littii was roiiira-. :» •:. 
diiiountiiii^, on DvOi-iubir 1st, 1*11, to JrJ.'}>50,UTi{.o3. 

Tbo public laii'Is b ivo ncsnily brrn a irrfat sr.i.rr*?. cif r^vrnuv. Tb<«»* I.tii'> 
have bven c**ii»'<] 10 thf' I'uii. il Static by tbe mw St:'.»» >■, f^r have ht»n ibriv-. 
fr-tni tin; pnr»'ba-f fA' I.'j»:i>iaiia in I^ti.':, aiu! oi' I'l- ri !a isi I-ll'. 'I'bt-y !••• •' :;• 

• siib'nni as bcloD-jini: 1 1 tin* naiivi; Tribt-* of Imiians who inhai'ii ibfni. i:i.:il \' • 

• liliu lias bvrii u iriilarlv « xtiir^ui-ln »! by imrfhasf ani tri itv, Wbt n tlii** i-> •:• r. . 
ihcy an.' SJirvfytMl, r.n'l ^fA\\ at ^^LO.') tin? a'/ro, a** tl:».- btwi^l pri-"!'. Tbi-* - ■ 

of n v».:nr.i* is mucii l»<s r<>n*i'bTabi»' lit. in f»rinirly. In l>3»i. ii aiiionn!**: ;• • • 
larirt; sum "f N'J.';,l»J7.«Mh»; but it b s i»o\v i!i;nii:i-b» i! to b n^ iji jii s:*..i«»»' •■ .• 
anirj tlly. 'I'ur law f'.»r tht* f.ii.-»ri'>uli"u '-f I's" pr »(■••. ijs ain n-j lii.- St:*. ^ \ - 
bf't^n r» p«-ab.<i. '1''. f rfvmr.r^ if ib»* I'liiU':! M:'.tfs f- r the \»"".r fn«liii'i .l'.i\ 1-". 
IHU, amonuTf.l, wiih a balaiuM; in tin"' irfasi.ry at l!ip niumi lu-^rnrni of ilu- \c :r. 

: to §I0,''1G,-JU7..J'». aipl the pxp»?nrli|iiri' tD $u'2.I»5"s,N"J7.y 1 ; b'avin«: a balan ■•■ ii. 
iho tri.'as!!rv,oii tb»r I>t of Julv. l-?!!, "f S57>j7,371».»il. 'I'I'.p I'lsind State-* i. -v. 
*J7*2,t>l.'»..'{6t3 arns cf public laiiil snrvi-yeii ami unS'. bl, and inccb more whi< !i .^ 
not surv* yi.d, 

1 Tb«" mint of the I'nited States was cstabli^brM] at Pi.ilaJi-iphia in 1703; ;:i.i, 
in \<\^^ bninrhrs wi-re rstabiinbcd at V'liarlotif, N.(\, at Dabloncsra, ti.\., .:i. 1 

■ at New Urlcaiis, La. At the mint in iMiilailplpbia, tbo wludf cinaiit', fr-ni :* « 
connn*^ net-nit lit to tin- iii'l <»f ilio year I-^J-J, aniuuntiii to -or»,(.iH7,i7i piiot>. w.tb 
a v.ilni' of .•Si-.j,*»7'i,".Vi ; at ibi- brsnrb i f t'harlottc, It'i'J.ll^ piiTi s, with a v .!. . 

•of $tJ»;i;,030; at till- braii'^b of l)ab!-/nf»,:a» I7**,.'i:il ]ii«Tr>, \\i:li a tuIup of ^--7.- 

I 63i ; at ihi' bnnrb r.\ Ni u- Orlr'rif:'^, 1 },i71Ktir)4> pit ci-rt, w itb a vabir of ^3,1 .'0.4 lo ; 

jiiiakin/u total i»f •2»i'.»j;u7.171* pi»r«'^, with a total valui- of i$l»0.:ie*J,lt;3. 

I On J II r.»' .'loth, l^J I, tb"r»^ win- n,m3 j"-.-.t-o!TlriJi in tbf I'nit^d a^Uitr^s; f • 
j ainniiiit of traii<p'»ri.tii n d'irin.r ihi* pr«.vi'»iis yi-ar was .'I.'»,li»IM>Jl inib-s, at j c- *! 
: of ^'J/.^l**,'*.'!!. Ti;! I Apriulitun* f-r tin* y#'ar was !*l.*JlM;,^fi7.T0; pross nni-- i.: 

• of n.'vonu'", Si, -J IS 7.-'-. '1.-3. Tb*- <n-n<ral 1*. st-()lTi''«' is iin-'-t-r the supi'nntoii«**»:.r.' 
[of tbit I'ostnia-Hl'r-Ci'i niTuI, who bis tin- apjmintint'iit of tbr* postrnasitrs thr--.:.!*.- 

oui tb<.» rountrv, aad fb«' powi-r «.»f inakiiiir r -nlraPis f-r carrviniT the mail. 

• Th»! War I)«p.!r:n:« nt was I'nat* d in 17-'.*. To ibi-: di pirtin»nl b»^l»nj< t! v 
^ dirft'tiin :uii! i;.»vrin'innt if tin- army of tin- r'nit'd St tt»s the inotii'ii •■! f r::- 

fication^ tbr; i\»ruii',n of tf.pf.irraphiral surveys, and tbf suiM-riiitcndrnr'e of IniJi in 
affairs. All u'Im* I to it an? a IJnnau of Indiin All.drs, iNn^ion l)iir>*au, Ht-aif- 
Unartf-rs cf the Army, (i»iart»"r-Ma^i»'r's Mnrcan, .^nliM-i^tMH'*' Hnrpau, Cm n*Til 
Snb>isi» lUM', Pay niiii-aii, .Midical and .Siir-^ifal llun-iii, EnLiinrcr Uunaii,Tv^{ c»- 

• (rnipbii'al litiriMii. aiiit Ordn.in<*i' nuri-aii. 

1 Tb»; Army <»f tin* lidud States ron-.isl*.!, in l»»n,of 'J n jirnrnts of dra:;cw»n«, 
' I r»f arlillt'iy. :'.n 1 ^ ri-:;inn*nt-» ^d* infintry, romainini;, at ibo 1 nd «f iboypar l*»ll, 
|*^/»l(» nun, viz., ilr.iu'ooj.n l.'JIK, artilb ry •J.3J0, inf.intry l,l.'>«i; thi' whole bpin^ 
. undrr ib»' r(>Tiimand nf on«* in;:i'r-i.'i'ii« ral, ami two lirJL' I'lirr-^PinTaN. 

'i'bi' tiliifo u\' lb'.' Si i'u t.iry i»f tin- Navy wa«« rriMtpd in I7'.»'». Hip n»»partm**m 
ron'»i'*ts of a Ifu:»Mii of H- rl.- and Naiy YanU, of t>r-inaiirp and llTdn»!jr.ipbv. 
rif ('"M^lriKtion. Kr['.:ir<i wvA r.n:i;'r.»»iiis, i.f |*rcvi-iims and riottiini;, nii«2 i : 
Mtdn'iii'"* ".iiid Si.'_:hmI li!^!r^!;n' iits. 

'I'b- N ivy of V f I i.:".i4l Sr.tt» ^. il.r«t:^h on a small si-.i'o. a«'«ji'irrj j»r«*at f*";*!!- 

lati'Mi durin r tin* !.'.-i liio-.- yi »r^' war. wlo-n lb** .\m»ri'Mn •.hips ?i*.:i*pi-«i-t'.r% 

! <*n»'«M!i!ii r« •! tb"» c ! •'!•• mi-^iF'-N-. if tbi- ■ n .!m. ^1l!^'h b o* Niiuv bot'n di^iip. t«t*. 

n i-niar jin'/ thf iiim'^ r of v» •.•^i-.-, .md ♦ \!»iaiii;ij af.il r.'i.-'tri.r'.'n » >u:i:ib!t' i!oi*W- 

'ards; rml ibi nav.i! f :<••• i- n«''. roi, ; ;• ri<i adi.jnatf to i" t« i'\i.j« n«*i»'s i.f i» , 



IMTKI) STATUS. 1 VJ 



ruhiilry. In itu* \iMr Ir*l I il rui.M?<tril nf li >liiji^ nl ihi liuf. 1 r.^/i'r, I 1 Iriij'.ites, 
'Jl Miiii |iM i>i w.ir. 111 I'fi^s :ti.(i M'ii<ii*ni rs, ^i Ni>-r< ->iiip-«, ::;iil "^ "^umuh r»t iiliuat. 
'l'lii*ri' ,\Tf i-ii \\iv hl<i4'k«, ill ail lllll;lJl^til il n!.iU, 1 ^llr,■!« <>t' tli<- l.i.i\ H riii!.iti>« 1 
>'.-iri -^hi; . .ill ir<Mi nU mih-t .:l l'iltolM.r>:, ;wic! % m v.i tin- ii.;VV-\ui'l ..t W a>liiii''toii. 
i-j III ii.v. il .!'« a \i.it*-i-iaitk. Tuta!. 7>. 

'I'll! !• art- t iiTHi ir.ivv-varils lit'luii<>iif.r fi i!.c I iiiti •! Si.iii->. \i7.. : at Ports- 
ill 'litti. N. II.; at ( li:ir{i stdwii, in lM>ht>>ii l(.itl>"t:r ; ut Muh kl\ii. « ii W itli about 
H t>. 1 l<;i-Mt« N\\v \i<rk; at IMiil.ulf!! Iii.i; ;ii \\ ^i>hiii;:ii>ii i ii\ ; at (io^nuil, 
• •jl'i.!'.! N>>rr> Ik, Va.; at I't-risacitla, i 1. ; .ir.<) M Mt ni| lii^. 'i't-ii., iMt ihi* Alis- 
•>; ->'<i;>}>i rivir: thf iaitiT is itut yi ! n>ii)|ili :ril. 'i In k- arc i:r.:\iii;; or i*.r\-ilucks 
tit ( 'ii.i.-ii..<t<>\% ij ami (iohiinrl, aiai a tiiirtl i<« t rifiihL; :it liiouKlyii. 

Ill us C'liiiiinn-t-, till- ( nilitl St.iu-s i>« tin- Mi'iinl rnmitr)' mi tin* clcl'i*. bi'infjr 
iitirri'T ••Illy to (insit llnlaiii. In l-*Ui, tin capital iiivt'Sttnl in tun it;n iraili*, by' 
liiijiof'iiuir aiiil i*oiiiini>«Miii uit-rcliants, w.is S>l r.*/JD.'i.:{ti7 ; in ili>nii'>lii' rrtuil ilry-. 
C ij .> aii>l otlii r stur«-<. ei'J.'>U,30l,7l)*i ; in tinr tislii-ri* ■^. ^Iij,l-Jl).ii-Ji). Ti.t- rri:ia-' 
t- ri ij I 'iinairf ni' tin- rnilcd Siatis, tnr tin* \t ir rijtiini; Si|itrint>( r 3ntli, I*«l-J, wait 
'.< 7. *i. .').'» ; tliH iiirolit li ami lircii^inl tMiiii.iL:t* w.i l,tilD.7.'i.'i ; ;miJ, 1 1' li(»hini; \>t»- 
"•t isi, 71/J7'*; iiukui;* a tutal of *.'.(•'.' -J,:i'<M». i)( \\\f ni^i.Hiirni ami tnrolicd toii- 
li.ij* . tliiri- ucn* t'n)}iIoyt«il in tin* wlialo ti>iu ry, l.'>7,t»l'J tons. 

I'Ih: va!ni.* •>[' tlic ini|iiirts iiiin tti^ I iiiii il Statf s T'T the yr.'.r l**!!, wab 
*h'*'.IM,7<»J. Till" valui- ul' till' i\|)i.its I'.-r ilic ^aiur ptric^i, w;;si Je5lll,l'>.-7»;* ; 
' t wiiii'li aNl(KM-«!i,{:C ysws doiuoiii' |ii>-iitii'i . 

Tin' liiiti'.i Stairs an- rjiii-riy an i-.^ririilinra! i*^t j»l(\ tn whirh thiy an 1» d by 
:tif I \!i lit (il* thi ir Tcrr:i'ry, and !iiL' i'iriilif\ it' tin* ^Ml: and ti.i.> airririiUunii ' 
fi-i liirrij, i.|" thf naliiiii ari* liivniiiii i; \iar!v lii'Ti* iind nmrc i!i'\rli.'|)i-d, Thf 
r< i: -uiii^ a'jriirultiinl !«l.iiiotMw arr '!• ri\«tl triiii tin- ri'iisus dl' tin* I nili d Slates 
I -r l-li»: Till re \\*'tv A/.iXtjW*'.* ii'-r-* ^ aii<i niiiUj«; I Li»71..'>-»t mat rattle; 
r.'.:;l l.i>7 1 ixtitip; :.'i;,:{01/J'.'J ^mij.i ; poultry \\a.-riiMd tn liir \ali.i' i>!'^:<JMI,- 
;ii'. Till r.' wrir prdin'id. *»1.^J.'?,J7-J ! 'i^lH !s il' whi.it; 7/Jl»l,7i:t i-f burk- 
witi..:; ii7-..'»jl,'»7.'» i«r liaiiai. !•• n* : l^.til.'i.fiiiT (I'ryr; t.liil.rit^l < I' baiU*y ; 
l-J'<.it:i,.MI (if (iiit< ; ItiS'JL^'^Jii'.ii ii' |.>t.iTii(s; :*.'i.M)-.M 1 1 puLiaU uf wind; 
■JI:'.li.;i.:Ml* ..Itobaiv.i; Mi,^ll.l-J-J trrj.-i-; 7lM»,l7l»,'J70 it'i-ii:- ii ; I.m.HKI.mi'J 
■l .-I. /.If ; I .•J^i*-,.M»-J • I' h'fps ; (i'J-J.I{(i:i . J" w ax : «iL "».*•-* ft" ^iik I'Mm-ns ; lU.'J I"',!"'' 
i'liii 1 r hay ; t'.'i.'J.M ^-t'licmp and l!.i\. 'I'Im tc win- 'Jl'i I'iimIicU it'iilildr yrains, 
»\i'liibiir id' ptit.iiiN •<. t>^ tvt ry iiiiii\idi..il I r iTH p« |ii.i.Miiii. 'I'Im- prtKlncth «•!' the 
i.iirv v.rfi' \alisfd ai 5'.i3,7^7,(Hi'« ; i t' tin i rrbard. at !j'7/J.Vi,yu 1 ; of luinbir, at 
M*J,:i|:{.iiti7. And till re \ii-re a!s<i madi-. rj|,7'M L'dl'ii> of wine. 

Ti.t' iiiiiiiiif.u'tnri*« i-f the I'nitM! St iUt, i i'>ii:,'ii ii< t rtjii:-.! Ui its anriiMiJtnrr ai.d 
«•« :iiiii« ri-f, '.Mil • I r- r»iil (-njin. Iiavr aln .niy ri^i ii !• :'.r« at r« sprrtabiiity. A 
i ir>;r aiiiiiijiit of pr 'p* riy Ka^ Imiii l^V(^tld in t!i*-ui, hi.ii*iiint-r\ ha^ )<itn i-xtcn- 
oivcly iiitr'jdiK'i d, aiid liirv !>iipplv h t^fiMl aiii'.iriil t f a:lu*ics fi-r lininr l-> n!*niii|»- 
lii'M. ami. ainady, ri r* ii!i r.ildf fir r\piri;iti.>n. .%•> •*• t.iary in tin- wi-rld can 
tV'tiijiiti.' \%itli tiif I hiitil >t.itf > in tliL' artitdc of < ^ arrr i-i iton !.'<•• ds, laitinr an 
to •',ir.:li:y n^r | r;M . i'ntinns \%liii-'.i, in 1*<1'J, win- \^<r;Ii 'J.'i riiii<« a>y,iril, ran 
if>w 111 bi'U^rlii. I f a 1 1 111 r <|iia:tty. f«>r >> ii iii>. And. i \tii in ilit- f.i.i r i^u dity 
I ( tr., .d«i, «jri .-.t adv.'ii'"' IIP n*. Ii.i." In in niadi . It i^ "'i.'iy >;i ri' llii- j-i-at'i' r.f I ••15 
tli.ii liiaiiuiaL'tiirt - li.ixi' iiiadi' urrat pr^ iir>», tiii<nLii ili< > ^m ri funinn i.<*i-d in Khftir 
l»l.iit>! iiiaiiv Vi'-ir- iM-fiiri', '.iiid bad iii.idi' s^iim* luiv il- i '*. It \\i\^ \Uv imiicv of 
!..< I*rii:»}i :i->vi riMui-i.l, bit' n v..*' r* i*- lutiui, t<i disi'-i.r. i^f AniiTii'an ir.ai.Lfac- 
t iri^. ; i: 1 tt.> •i t'> kci ;• tin' i'' iiiiiry ii. a "t.tti* 1. 1 *j,t*'.:\ •!• , •ndt iut. I'lit tliat baiii 
'I -111- i'\ ; ami, !«!ii-niil rvi i.ls i-vi'i I'lii i if a Niipplv '-f liiitisli iiianiit'ai-lnri s, tbe 
r 'i:nlr\ \i.>i.!d <•• abli' iti di u hIh ui iln m. I nit .^s (in at Kiitaiii and ••tiii r rnun- 
irii*' -^i.ail ('••ii-i III. Ill a lair w.iv. !'■ rM'i-iv*'- Ann riraii bnad->tnl!'s m i xi-bancc 
:-ir till ir i*j..inif n-riiri >, lln* Ann rsi'-iii** ui 1 !•«■ r<iniprll« d tu biri-iiif tin-ir own 
lU'iiit.: irtiifi r-«, and l\u y wiil iIum •>! i'iiP* ija ir M:!i'<lanti.d imii'pi'iali la*' . 

II> :iif--ni.ii:i' i-r fmnly jr. Mils w« n- jin-t'.are d, in thf yi .u I* 10, t»« iln* :'.ni<a:nt of 
$j:»,ili:<.ri-M. 'nun- WtW I'JIO r. nun fn-l'Th -i. villil •J.V!-«l.«lal spirains. W liirh 
• .:jp:.'Vtd 7 -.11'.* p» rM!!*!. ;.T' i [.f- iliirf! .>ri|.-!, ^ t,, i|i(> ;tniniint if ^t li'>.'''>0. 1>'''>. w lib 
a r.pit.i! i-f N.M.liJ-J.iri'.i. 1 j-jii II... ill n ui .inM'nturii'h i-inpliynl -l/'l-* pi r<"ii«. 



150 iNirKl) STAIKS. 



llfrirs, 1111(1 ulljor manufuctorus of icatlicr, (.inployf-tl a cMjiiul uf Sl'Ji**"! .- ■- . | 
v.irriaijoA jiiiJ Wiijroas i'mj)l«»yoil OI,t*lM imtsoiis, and prndncfil to iho :imi"|;i.! ! 
MO,HiJ7,S^7, with a rapital of $.'1,551,1130; mills of variou:; kinds v:i\\'. •>■ : 



pnxiuoinir {rou<ls lo the am<'Unt ui' .*^*JO«('»!h*i,;ili!), wiili u cnpiuil of $15,7115.1 -J I : l-.--- 
paper-Miilis cuiployid a capiliil of $l,715,'i.'ji) ; hats ami caps wi.ro in.inufiri r- . 
.to the uni'Mint of $s,7Ul.Iir2, and straw b>mncts to thi> amount of $l.}7i*.5i>; . 
;20,01>f [UTSons wtTi; c.iiiplov^'d in tanneries, witii a rupital of $15,ii5i).!(-J'.i ; "^ i - 
dl ' - - - 

c 

60,7'^H ]iersons, and producrd t) tin: amount of 55»Ttu5l5,-2ni, with a r.i, .• .. i 
$G5.rt5*<, 170 ; vessels \vlt«' huilt to lliu amount of $7,0Ui,()lU ; furuitur.- -.v : . 
madti by 1^,00,1 persons, and rinpl«)ycd a capital of $ii,iHi».«J7l. Thi-r*- «■:■ ^ 
I55'i printin;;-o!ri(.*es, 117 hindrrit'S, l.'Jd daily, l'J5 ^emi-wcokly or tri-»»i» k.; . 
and 1111 wi'fkly new8pap<Ts, ami *2-7 periodicals; the whoh; employ iu-j 1 !,"»- . 
persons, and a ca[dtal of $5,S71,«»|3. Iron manufactures employed a ••.■.j»iL:; ! 
9'J0,1 '):}, 131, and .'{(), 1!C persons; wlass manufictuns euiplovi-d o'J3(i f>i r^ r.«. 
and a capital of $'2,0<*il,I0(), protlucini; ariielfs to iho amount of Si'2,^»f»U,0'J.'{. *i . 
. anthnioitti coal employed a capiuil of ^l,.155,«J()*2, and 3<)13 persrin**; iiituri.iit- - 
coal, aeapilal of $l,S(W,^iii>, ;uid 37iJS (lernuns; and load, a capital of $1,310.75 •. 
and 1017 personn. Thu total a:noui)t id' ciipital employed in manufactures vi :- 
9*JG7,7:!<»,571). For a more particular account of the manufactures, see the arii>*i' « 
on the respective Stales. 

Tho whale, cod, mackerel au'l oilu-r fishfries have lr)n:T hen an iijlere»i of «rr- r. 
national importance. They are carrird vi\ ciiirfly from the New Hntil.ind St ii. *. 
and ill New Knirland ships. 'Die \vh:iii-ti>hery is prosecuted in the A:'..iiii.- 
ocean, chiijfly south of the line. f(»r the ri:;ht or i>lack whale; and in the S.-.ist;,. n.. 
Indian, and I'atific oceans, for the sperinai.*eii whale. In llie year l"*!!, i">Oi» v. ^- 
scls, of 1<J3,000 tons, won.' emjilnyetl in this hiisiuess; and, in tho cotirs** of in- 
samo year, spermaceli ami whale oil was hronirhl hosne, of the vahu* fl -. !• .: 
.11(7,100,000. SimI oil and furs aru alsi> nht lined in the A nta relit* si'as by n.v^- 
adventurous seamen. The fishery is carried an chielly from the ports t>f N '.r- 
tucket an»l New l^edtnrd, and also, hut on a less scale, from New L(>nd«>n. S j 
llarhour, Warren, Jtristfd, Hud-son, N:c. About liutNiO men are rn'jaired in it. 
and the seamen aro paid, not by li\t il wa'o-s, hut by a cortnin »hiro in Ibe pr •.:- 
of the voyajTo. Tiirjse in tlic I'aeilj*' and Southern ricean* ari' «jeneraily absei : 
from two tn three years at a tim»*. The e.id-!i>hi'ry is pursued on the hanks an ■ 
coasts of Newfiuindlaritl, and on the I.ahr.rior enasts. It employs many tlKius.iii>!« 
of tons of small cral't, sriiue id" w!d"-h make sevi-ral trips a year; those «>n irn 
coist-lisheries Lfnerallv PMiaiu I'iii.nr. The nr.iek»'r»l-fi'shery also eiiii.!\"» i 
gn-at atu'iunt of sijippiiij. In l-^hi I'm* I'.^ii- riis pr>iiluceii 773.*.hi7 ipiit.l ;U : 
smokeil or ili'iid fi>li, ami 17'J,35:>1 li.irieU of pii kleil fi^h. 

No part • f tin* world pnsenls «:ueli an e\i«iiNivr rivi^r eonimen'o. Stea!u-v><^ 
scls, first introduced in AnnriiM on ilie lludsun river, ply "u all ibo princ:'.i\ 
atn'ams; and upwanls of loo.iiod imm tt\' tliis >pet-ies of craft iti-l mirs ii i; . 
I'nited Stiles, almost the \ih"l" nf which is (in the inti'riitr waters. The Mi«M<- 
sippi and its iributirii's. c imprisin:: aln:»* an •■xt.-'iit of •^tHMI miles, is Invir^'d bv 
•J50 sli'ambn'.it-*. Nfithrr ibo Sf:|ti-s n"r imliviiliials havf bieii slow in pii;»-- •, in-; 
an«l «'\tiMi liiej ihe^e nitural ndv.uit wos; :!nd the "ipiril with which liifv i ,;v. 
undtTtaki-n, and th*' ]nT-.everaii«'f thi-y hive -bnwii in execoiini; l)i»' mf^-t itjij- - 
ficent plans. Ii.ivi- sh»d a lusire on tin- Aniencin ninie. Tie' ifreat l.md-I k'W. 
bays of the cfi:iHt h ive b«en e<»nnei'ied by a eh lin "f cin.iU, airnrdinu a «• :«• 
internal w.it«"T-route frmn Narra'jansi'it Hay t«» APMMn.ir!c SiMind. The r i-: 't 
and wr-.l« rn u-.ilir 1mv«« In »■» nuiteil by MVi-ral ehai.mN, wbii'-b either I'.rn i^i 
Mb-'jh mil-., -r Mirm );:nl tie ir snininit-*. Tie* nat-Ts .it" t'-o* liki— and l?.- \'i- 
si s-^ippi h ii'* b- f-n eii:in'«"t»'d at \ iri.-.i^ p 'jtim. ar..| t.M* <•*.-.' i -b s in ibi- nivi j ■• »■ 
•»f lie- iiiiK.: iiiji r* ;ni r:*.' r«; h ivr bi • u •■V'-'r '!ne bv reii"\ iiej tb»- liir*. i r j. !_■ - 
wbieli .•■-*!'i ell d t'eir i-bnin-h. ■' bv "ii'li-eLTs, li ek-, .i; d ilaiii"*. Tht-'wr.. • 
len«:th '-f t'.i- .rtiii'Mil n.ive^atmri i«; ii il b >.•. tbni |iion niili-*; all "f wiii««b, w :•.• 
•in«' i»r t\\ ■• In:'!'./ • vei-pti* n-, I «•«!<« * i\ • \i i"';'f>l in tlo- '•b-'r! *.;«.««'•• i.f iwi i-.iv-:' v-- 
yrar^. Th'-i ■.''• • u -rl*-* Ijiv*- !r'i<!y '_'i\«ti I"- -b \\\f !■ n.-au'if vtiin •». -i . 
eii«*<.>ir.i^i-.| i[,.- I .'..iblt-biiM III i-i" 1,1 \v ims; nivn;. r ii. .!. an I iii in inv pKxet <• 



15d UNITED STATES. 






of lite Suprvmc Court of Connoctirut. At this institution, many of the princi|r:a.- 
civili.uis in t!u> l.'niti^d St.itfS hdve hern cdurutiij. It is now discontinut-J. 

'I'iu re aru HH mcdiral sciiools, some of tiicni conncctCil with collejic-s. Th»» 
principal arc the mcilifal (!e{):irtiiK'nts (A' i\ni l.'nivjTsity of l^enn^vlvMni i ; of 
llarvunl liniversity; of Vale C'olirirc; of Dariinouth College; of Truiis\lv.ini.t 
Umvfr?<iiy ; of th« rnivcrsity of Maryland, at Buitiuioro; of the rnivirsiiy of 
New York; the CoilcKt; of Suriroons and Physicians, Nl*w Vurk ; the Louisville 
Me.iieal Institution ; tin; Vermont Aradcniy of Mi'iticint', at Castlcton, &o. 

'I'hiVe is no cstahlished church in the L'nitrd Stalt^s, religion bcinjj left l'> iri- 
vulunlary choice of the people. No sect is favoured by the laws beyond ;\wA\.*r, 
it beinLfan e;»sonlial principle in th*.* National and State (juvernnients, that lefrisia- , 
tion may of ri:;ht interfere in the concerns of public worsiiip only so far as l:> pro- 
tect every individual in the unmolcst(<i exercise of that of his choice. Nor is :iij\ 
le«rislative provision made fir the support of rt-lirrion, v\i ept that, in Ma!%a:irh'.- 
setts, the Lecrislatun: is enjoined to riquire, and in New Hampshire is empuwire>t 
to authorize, the several towns and p.irisltt:R to make adnpiatc provision, at th* ir ; 
own expense, for the Fupport of protostant ministers. 'I'he same was llie crxsa^ i: 
('unnecli'*ut until IHH, when it was abolished by the new constitution. Uut, in 
all the other States, the support of reliiriun is left entirely to the vuluntar}' zeal ot 
its prnfc^ssors. 

The numbers of established cliurchcs, or concfrej^'aTions, arc estimated al ovt-r 
*3(),00()f und the ministers at about *2.),000. The liap!isls arc the most numcrou.'; 
deuouunalion. The Methodists are rf^rkoned as second in numerical amount: 
and I'll' Presbyterians, Con:;retr:ilir'ijalists, K<>man ('atbolics, Hpiwopaliar.s, Ti::- 
ver^iih-^'s and l^utherans, probably rank, in ]M>int of numbers, in the ordiT in u hich 
I tiiey ;;r" mentioned. (Jthcr sects, ri.'Spect.tble in amount of nuaihcrs, are the I 
])uich |{( formed, Chrisiians, I'niiari.ins, Friends or (Quakers, Moravians, &c.| 
J in f.ict, .':lm'jst all the seci'f of (.-hristianity are repnsented in our country. 

'i'o t!ie Stati; frovernments is committed that branch of legislation which relates 
to me r«'irvilation of io«'al concerns. 'I'liese bodies make and alter the l.iw* which 
re;:.ird property and private riifhlP, appoint judrrt.*:) and civil olFicers, impose taxe« 
fur Stale purposes, and rxer«'itc all other riuhts and powers not ves^b-d in tht- 
fjderil ix<»vernm"nt by piisiiive en.u'iment. They are, in their composition, v» ry 
simii.ir t*) the federal t'overnnn nt. Tiic leiri.shitnre consists alwavs of tuu 
braiu !iis, both uf whicii are returned by the same electors : and these elect .irs uidv 
he s:iid t) comprise the wiioh; adult while population, the usual qttalificatiuns beinc: 
citi/,eii!$!iip, with one or two year.-** resilience, and payment uf taxes. 

Th'Te are no early cnuinerati/ins fd" the popul.ition on which much reliance cm 
he ji!.ie-l ; l.!;t. in IT.MJ, thi n'.i:i;bir wa*> t stiinated at I.ir>l,nou. A n-jyular' 
dc-rj.ui.il c.-nitis, t:ik( u M.we 17:'!», i; ive, at th.ii pi'riul, .*{,i»*JlK^JT ; in l*»iH», 
5,:v>:i,'J-j;i ; in l-^flO, 7,•J:i•.».^^l I ; in Isjo, 1»,i;;H,1:U. H is ntust interesting to con- 
sider, as tile imuien«ity iif un >ccupied land leaves full scope for this p<iwer vi 
muhi|i!i "aiion, how v.i-t the luture numbers may be with \\hii*h this tciti ^n will, 
be pe iplid, and which will r»nder it much the t'reat"«.l slate that ever existed in 
:in<'i« fit f<r nifidirn ti:nt '■. It i^ i-alculateil, up'.'n e'"'tl L'rouiuls, that in a century \ 
it v.i:l contain lhi»,n'»i»jliMi ; -.ind still, biini; i>nly half sn densely peoplrd »•«.. 
lirii tin or rrarnT, buve auijjle sc»pe fur I'lilure iucrea.-e. 'I'lu* Amtricans, »houl>i ' 
ihey ciiniiitue united, wiuild ilun bec<^>:M«.- tiie (rriMtest it;'.iion in the world, and thf 
ini'Nt ]) iv.i riui M..ti s «'f ^^!^ 'pe w-iuld rank as srcnd.iry to them. 

Til'* [) j»:!.i!|.'ii, I v>"!u*ive nt the Indians, whose nimb>rs an- n-'t C'iinpri<«** • 
in the a!) '\f y\ it» iii« iit-^, e.in-.i>t.- of three cla».M s — wiiites, fnv e»'»loured per^ens. , 
and >lave> — \\i;=m. rel.iijve pr^j»urli.'ns at bi\ dilleri nt periuls are hen» iriven : i 

\V ii! ••' S<:iv. - I'n-.* C'it-iri'I. 

!:'••' .'MT-Mfll hHT,*-.i7 .V.Mi;:. 

i-«»« I.::'. I. IS' Kt.'i.oii lo-.syj 

i-i«« :».'-<. j.oiM i.p.'i.riui I'^ii.ut; 

I**"" I....... It '>|,,|H ..1,,,,,,, I .■>t>*",U»>** ••>..••■.. ».*«.>'«'■ 

l-'.'i* !!».'rJi;,-.Mi 'J,**!!;!.!!!:; :5l'.»,.V»!l 

i-i'' 1 i.i-:«.Tii*i '.M-^T.:!:»:» :<*4'.0'.'a 



UNITKD STA rK.S. 



153 



\i\ rr^.iril III ihi sp i!i!iiihrr'«, it is \fi hi' ohsi-rvi-.l, tliat in ihc reus lis of 171*0 arc 
!.' 1 inrluiiii! thi' ii.ii.ilMl:iiils irf iIk- Missi>sip}U :iiiil .\i'Mh-\vtsl Trrrilfinrs, rsli- 
:i. /• .1 .i! ahoiit I'J.iMN); ami that, hctworii I*^iM»:ini! Isid, I,i ni^i.uKi wni :iri](iinM 
■.^.:;i .i:» i.i .'in.niHi it.h.iliiu.hts ; :iii(l :v.*,ii00 AtriiMiis wi-rr hrmji^lit iiitu llir rmin- 
\:\. 'I'i.r tol!'«winir r*t:iU'ni(>iit hIiuws tlir reUtivr rati- ut' iiicnsisf nf tlio whole 
}' ;i:l.iii 'ii. ;ihil <it' ciirh of thi* thriT cl.isses. in tliu ihn.'i.' (irriotls from l^^lU to 
l^.-ii. from 1^'JO to l^'JO, and from lh3u to 1>1(): 

1810-l.SeO. l^•J(Ul^..^O. ls3lUlsio. 

li.crtusc of uIioIa populuiion. . . .33.3 p« r ci 33.1 per ct 30 pi-r ct. 

Whins 31 .. »• 33.y.." 35 '• 

Sldvts *J-<.6. . ** 30 Ci. . " 'Jl *' 

Vtvv IJlarks 'il.H. . " 37. 1 . . " •J3.75*' 



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Tim- .i.'fckV'ti'i '•ri II 1 1 7.ii ».- 14 1 . i'.»i .:« i< '.i.ia-. i n i ! i .v*- o." 1 j.h. ..i».m : ho hm:i i7.0!;'». i.-k» -.• i"7 A*.*» 



AgcSt ^v. o/" the (UJtTcnt Classes of the Population in 1-^U). 



rsci nil. Ik r>>r> Lti.>iH. 






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:*• : • 
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HI 



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I'pward* iif lUil 



f.*7.*i«i» -:iiiii»» 

7.>-.i * ri-'.-.'.M 

l.l.'.'l.'il I. -'.VI. 4' HI 

•^i- 4"i: 77'.I.i» 

.•)«!;.•.■«. :o.'i-.i 

;:i4..'i.'- :»•*.<* J 1 

174 .•:•- I7.M-" ■ 



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l*|iwar.U iij" lit' 



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t t |i>N. 

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I 

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:<ii.:ci 

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l-ii I.'i7 ■ I-i 77- I ■.'!•. Ii»- I.-'4»i.70l'i 



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Tut all . . 17.131 ii.'..Hi 7.lii'J 

Ri viiliitKiii.irv' niiii iiiilti.'iry \** ii^ikih fn 'jn.7?7 

Whilr^ ii%ir -.11 iinnhrn I > rr.ij and uriU* 5k*J,Cn 



151 UNITED STATES. 



The whole nuiuiier o( uboriuim-s existin;; within the u^rritorial jurisdiclinn of 

J the Uiiiud Status, Wcis «slitiiati'd in 1*^1-1 -at .".')5,:irjO; ot* whom pcrhapsi 5U.m>U 
reside in thu Orerron t'>rriioryf WLSt nf tht* K<icky Motintiins, and the residue la^^t 
uf that rotriun. Ot* th'isc on tlu> Ailaniir side of thu Mississippi riTcr, b5,.'ilS 
have removed from its i-asteni to its wuslurn hank, and settled in the Westfrrn or 
Indian territory, assiirned to them hy the fruverninent of the I'nited Staus; and 
31,5-;t7 are still east of that stream. Of the Indians r(:>idinir east of the HcrLy 

i Mountains and wot uf the Mississippi, lljs,'J<JO an; iudiuenous to thai resrii,ii, 
nowise under the contrid of our ^uvernnient : of tht-se, the- principal aic the Sicnx, ; 

. Pawnees, CaniamMu s, Minatanrs, Dlackfi-et, ('rows, Oros Ventres, and Asatni- 
boines. The most hnur.uK> exertions have cnnstantly heen in operation, on the 
part of the genonil j^ovrrninent, to preservj» the race from extinction, by Rovcrc 
provisions to prevent tiicir obtainintr ardent spirits, and h)- unwearied etfuris Im 
train them to the arts and atrriculuire, and to impart to them the hlessin&rg of edu- 

I cation and Christianity. I. nder the system adopted by the govcrnmeDt, a^ri.U 

I and sub-aoents, intt-rpretr'rs and mechanics, are employed auionir the diSfrvnt 

I Indian tribi's, to carry ihese purposes into elfcct; and thu President is authorized 

! to cause the ston-s of thr* liccnseil traders to he searched, and, if ardent e>[>irl!5 

are found anion:; the articK.-s fur sale, the whole (roods arc forfeited to the vovtrn- 

ment. ■ 

The wIioIp numhir nf Indi.in schools CPtahlished amonir them, partly by chart- - 

tahli*. associations of ihe dill* rent rfli^Mous denominations, and partly hy |H*cuniary 

aid from the j^overnment, is 7H. Tije sum of $1(),<)00 was appropriated in l.*«4 J. ' 

] by thi' IJ. S. jjovernmcnt, to assi:?t in tlicir maintenance. Of the. fongoirj: 
schoc.N-, ft'.i were reported in HI t, with JtjijT scholars and 100 te'ichers, inchidin:: 
those in tlu' Spencir academy and Tort CotTee academy, in the Chortaw nation;' 

I the first of these contained 3 tcadiers and liO pupils, ami the latter, 1 tearhfr 
and 3i> pupils. Two i)( the schools at Tort Leavenworth arc manual labour 
schools, one uf which, under the direction rif the Methodists, is the largest of all 
the Indian schools, eontainini; 15!) scholars. 
The territory of tin* ci>nf(ideracy is at present iliviilcd into twenty -eicrhl Statr*. 

I one Territory, and oi:p Fiilcral DiNtrict, which cnntnins the teat of p>Vfrnnieiit. 

■This di'fs not include the extensive trssci as:.i«rnid tt»the Indians, called ihe \Vf«i- 
ern Territory; thi' reixii'U west of tiic Missuuri anil north cf the Platte; and the 
residue of the late Liwa Territory, of which the .*<tate of Iowa n<iw forma a part: 
and that west of tl.i' |{(K*ky Mnuntnins, in which the white population is yet of 
small ami'unt, and wfiich hns n-crivcd no political oriranizaiion. The States 

i an; dividrd, f"r iniiiiiiM|ial ]iir|>('<ii-s, int i sfctiiui-i. styhd counties; except in 
South Caroiina, \\ iiirr they an- callid di^'.ricis; a:iii in l.ouisi.nia, where they are' 
called parishes, lii tin- Slates uf New Knulaml, in New York, Pennsylvania.! 
New Jersev, 0}ii'>, Iiuiiana and Michiiran, the cnunties are siibilivided into t.^wn- 

I ships (in s<rme Siaw-s tlicac aru callrd towns), an<l in Delaware into hundnds. 



thj: kasthkx. or nkw knot.am) states. 




till.'. ^ nj"-,"'i yy \ iiinii .I'l i <i ii i -i^i i |i"i Illi-|tll^ i;!!!! HUm"'!.-^ llinillll-lt* ll* tlliUa 

tr.iii.i-d to fj.il. 1^ i.f iii.li;.«irv. • c'li'MMV, atid ciit<-r;iriM'. h\ ih** circunist »nce?* il 

' thi if I'tf'.:!; ir -:'<!.!!' p. a-* \\r\'. -.i-. !•% iii«- i1.!iil,o rs nf |.f- !■ Hj:< d wars, llie\ pTis»-n! 

ir iits lif cli.if ■'•fi : \\ I .' Il an- v* i <U n d as r* ni.iikaiil*- ahfi ad,;;s ihcv are Ci n.i;; .n 

m - 

at h-iiif. I 

T!.i' siirf.i'' r t! I i .ii'rv i^ .i "'.i !:• !y varii il. In th» int> rinr il ii ininiiii.iin- 
I';.-. w ii!i i" r"i '. .".'.■• i'ljwi i.. Tj • !.»: •! .ili'ii-^' ihr *« a--' "n priM iits. m i"f 
II' ■ .1 : Il I " .. ■ . .." ••.''.■•.' I ■■ 'i; .1 ■■I i 1-1' :'i"d rid^^i •*. w ith ll.its ot ui'H!fr.tl> 
• x'lTil. Tl- I il .1 '! j :"• Fi : •.•. :.•••!!• sim in: ili.«: pii -• i '.«. u. .:'!c. ■■•! r- i.«itaii! *i:«'- 



MAINK. i:,7 

; Canal, ci inplHed in 1639,20) miles long; Danger and Oronn UailnKid, crMii- 

plcted in lb36, 10 miles long; tho Portland, Saeo and Portsmouth Hail-roud, 

incorporated in 1837. 'I*his work, in connection with the Eastern Hail-road, con- 

necis Boston with Portland; it was completed in 184*J. Several other lines ofi 

rail-roods are contemplated, Ute most important of which is a rail-road from Port- \ 

. land to Quebec. 

{ The city of Portland is the largest and most important place in the State. It 
is beautifully situated on Casco Uav, is well laid out and handsomely built, and 

. has a capacious harbour, which is defended by two forts. Hero arc six bunks, 
sixteen churches, a court-house, city hall, custom-house, jail, athensum, with a 
public library containing 5000 Tolumes. The population, in 1840, was 15/218. 
The city of fsangor, tho mo^t important place on the Penobscot, hjis trebled its 
population since lh30; in 1(^10 it contained h0*27 inhabitants. From 300 to 400 
mill ion feet of lumber are said to be annually exporte<l from this place. 

Augusta, tho capital of the State, occupies both sides of the Kennebec rirer, - 
5H niilos from its mouth : it contains a handsome State-house of granite, and an 
CniU'd States Arsenal. Uelow Augusta are llalluwell and (>ardiner, both flourish- ' 
intr towns; and at the head of ship navigation, and about 15 miles from the sea, I 
is Hath, not<-<l lor it*i bhip-building. From Thoniaetnn is exported large quantities ; 
of limt\ marble, and granite. Some of the other principal towns in Maine, are! 
Kat»tport, Machias, Calais, Orono, Dclfaat, Brunswick, Saco, and York. 



STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

This State is bounded on tlie north by Lower Canada; on the east, by Maine 
and tho Atlantic Ocean ; south by Massachushetts ; and west by Vermont. It is \ 
in U-ncth, from north to south, about IGO miles; and from east to west, 70 is: 
about the average breadth. It is, in area, 8500 square* niilfs. The sen-coast of 
thisi State, from Piscataqua Harbor to the south boundary, is but 18 miles in 
extent. 

The country on the coast is level : in the interior, the surface is greatly diversi- 
fied by hills and valleys, and contains several mountains of considerable height; - 

' among which are tho White Mountains, the most elevated of anj in the New | 
Knrrland States. Tlie other considerable elevations are, Moosehillock, Monad- 
nock, Kearsarge, Sunipee, Ossipee, &c. ] 
Tho White Mountains arc distinguished by tho names of Washington, Frank- 1 

, lin, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, ami PleasanL Mount Washington is : 
<j,4*JS feet in height. l*hey are covered with snow ten months in the year, and , 
are often seen from a great distanrc at sea, and frequently before any intermediate ' 

\ land, although they are at least (i5 miles in the m^arest direction from the coast. . 

; Ttie wild and sublime character of their scenery causes them to be annually [ 

j visiteti by numerous travellers. The ascent to their summits is attended with ' 

' eoiisiderablo fatigue, but has been surmounted in a few instances by ladies. The '' 
view is rendereil uncommonly grand and picturesque by the magnitude of the, 
elevation, the extent and variety of the surrounding scenery, and, above all, by i 
the hugi! and desolate piles of rocks extending to a great distance in every direc- ' 
tinn. In the western pass of these mountains, there is a remarkable gap, called ■ 
the \vtck, which is esteemed one of the grandest natural curiosities in the I'nited . 
States. To an admirer of the wonders of nature, the passage through the Notch, i 

: antl the views from the summit, afford a rich rppast. Though inferior to the 
Andes or the Alps in elevation, yet they display the grandest mounuin scenery, ■ 
surpassing everything of the kind to be seen elsewhere in this country. 

The principal rivers of New Englind have their origin, either wholly or in' 
part, in this State. These aa*, the Connecticut, Merrimack, Androscoggin, Saco, ; 
ami Piscataqui. The other most considerable streams are, the I'ppf'ri^nd Lower « 
Amonoosuck, Sugar River, Ashuelot, Contoocook, Magallaway, and Nashua.; 
The principal lakes are the Winnipiseogee, Umbagog, Ossipee, Sunapee, Squam, 
and Newfound Lake. 



U 



iS 



158 rXITKI) STATIX 



The iiiliuhitaiiU <*( New Ilaiiipsliiru uru princip:tily eiiirairi d in agriciihurc; the 
I chirf products an: Indian rum, wheat, rye, o..t>, Irarlry, \:c. ; and horses and 
CiiUlc, beef, |uirk, hwiu r, fhet^e, ^:l^, are I;ir|jrrly expurled. There are some largt 
iu.ii!utuctiiriii<r istahlidhuu.nts, chiefly in the southern part of the State. 

The niinrnil n-sourri's ol" New Hampshire are not ijrcat. Coppi.*r is tbiind at 

. Francdniu. .ind iron is ahundant in Lisbon and FVaneunia; plumbago or black 
lead also occurs in several places, pariionlarly at Bristol. A finc-graincHi (rraniti. 
which is ({uarritd in nniny places, atlords an excellent buildiu^r material. Tht- 

; forest aflords abundance of excellent timhiir, and the while pine $>oiiietinits 
attains the hei<>ht of *JOU feet, with a straight trunk six feet and upwards in 

' diameter. 

About eiiriit miles from the coast are the Isles of Shoals, belon<Tin^ partly Vj 

. New ilanip>hire, and parti}* to Maine. They lie between Porti<mouth and Nt-w- 
buryporl. and are hardly more than a cluster of shoals risint; above the wat^r. 

= The inhabitants are about loO in number; they live solely by fishing, and suj^ 
ply Portsmouth and the neii>hbourin(r towns with fresh fish. 

Thr popul.iiion «d' Ni-w ilampshire, in 17y«», was 111,"*')'!; in IdUO. !.••:?, ^-o^; 
in i>lO, "JIMilO; in Is-Jii, 'Jll,|f;i ; in I {?:*(), i>Gy,3--N ; and in 1M<», -J-^Lj:!. 
Of these, l.'r.l.OUl wen: while males and 115,03*^ white females; 2iS were 
coli'Urcd inalcN, ami 'J'.U) ruloun.'d females. Kmployifd in af^riculturc, 77.1*19: 
in commerce, I.'i7'.*; in manufactures and trades, 17,^*20; in navi^ratinir the ocean. 
10'> ; do. lakes, rivers and canal>, l'.)-^; in the learned professions, UilO. 

The exports fur the year I'^U wen- $ilO,.3Sl, and the imports 873,701. The 
tonna<re entered was ll,l*Jt), cleared 3M).'> tons. 

In HHI theri- were 13.-ie2 horsi s or mules, ■J7ii,.'ir»0 neat rattle, ril7,3y0 shc-rp, 
and rji.(J71 s'Aine. There were pr"diiced, |'J"J,1'J! bushels of wheat ; 30?,l !•« il 
rye; l(r>,l(i3 of Imekwhi-at; l,irri.')7'2 of Imlian corn; 1'2I,HIII) of barley; 
1,'JI)(!.I1 lofoat-*; ami ri,'JiM>,G(»tI of potato! s; 1.^00,517 pounds of wool : 1,1C-J..V»- 

lof hu^ar; and r.Mi,tu7 tons of hav. The produce of the dairy was $1,C3S.513; 

■of lumber, J? 133.017. 

Ilomi-made or f.iuiily ijoods wi re m.inufartured to the amount of S53*^..'>03. 
Thi ri; were tlii wnnlb n manulactories. I.>'J fnllinjj-mills, and 5"< cotton lact«.rie^ 
The t'lial ani'iunl ofciijiiii! < ni[ilMyed in mauufacturrs was %*IK*J.V2, IIS. 

Tiio prineip d liti r.iry iii'^titiiiinn of the Si.jto is Dartmoutfi (\dlege, in Ilan-- 
ver. f'liinded ill 1170; it which is aiti'.ched a ibMirishin*; metlic.tl deparin.* !•! 
The (•ilmaiitMii 'IMk •l<'iri>'d Seiniiciry \\a*t f'.'unib d in l'*35, un<!er the diric!i.>ri 

■of ihi- CoiiirreirijiinniilrNis. In thi-^e iii^titntinns there w< re, in l-KK 133 stud* i.V^. 
There wen- in thf St::tf (»s aciuli i,»i»»<, with .'*7I'I* students ; 'JI07 c<>mmi>n ati.! 

jpriin.iry sehoi.U, with .'i-i.il.'J'J si-le'lirs. There were 'Jl'J white persoi.s, »'Vc: 

[twenty \ears of ;iiri., \v|,o ciielil neither ri ail w*t write. 

The princijial reliiiicus dt ii"miiiati»»iis are the ('nnirrcQraiinp.jilists. Haptist.*, ar.o 
M» ib'iilist-i. In l**:h"i. the ('<iii';rre'.»;iiioMalists had 1;VJ churches, 14^? inini»ters. 
an 1 I'^.!)'''^ co:nriiunieaiit<: the n;*.pti.<>!s hail !M) churches, (il ordained iiiini«ter». 

'and ii.')nr> coiiimunifMiits; the I'ree-will ILtpti^is had i(H» con'4re;r;'.ti.iii«, and *i»l 
mini'iters; t!je .Meih'i.!i».ts ba-l 7.'» ministers. Itt NJdes thes«\ there are l*re»bvt«- 
rian<. rnitarian^. Kjiiseopalians, rniversalists, and some Roman (*athulics, with 

.tw»i HocieiifS iif Shak* rs. 

; I'ertsiiiouth, till- iiuly >ea-p*»rt, and the largest town in the Stale, is pleasantlv 
sitiiaieil on the Piseat ujin, ihrre miles from the sea. Il lr.i»* one of the finest 

! harbours in the worlil, alVordini; It) feet of waifr in the channel at low tide, and 
heinir easily acei'*>ib!e to vessels of the largest si/.c, and completely landlocked- 
It is protected by S'Vi r:il f-Tis. The tiile ri«*es ten leei. The town Btand« on a 
pptiiu'^ul.ir I h v.iii.ia. sh-iin-^ towards the harbour, and is well biiili. It C(*ni.uri« 
••ev. n eliiif.-lH-., siv< n l'.ii.k<, the county buiMiii«^«;. &c., and is will supplied 
with i5iMn| w:i{i r brotiirbt iVmii the nei'jb hour hood. Two woiNlen lirid;;es hate 

'be- II lii;ilt jcr'-s I'll- Pi-iMtiijin. r.p.i- of wbieb is X^'tH fwi \otHJ. Thi^rv if hrnr 

;a ii:i\\-\ar«i In l.e-jiieir t • the rnit«'.| States, Kituaird on Navy Uhind, on the e4?.l 
si.le .1 ibi- riv« .-, !»u' wi'liiu lie- liails id" Maine. P<»pulaii>>n in I •• U». 7***»? ; 
beintr r.'.'i l>s< l!j III III I-.'M. 



(^>n^or(If the c.ipiul of thu State, on the west side of the Merrimack riTrr, is 
h.uulsoiiu'ly built on two priricinal titn'etH ; haH the Stat4>house and Statu prison 
• •t' i;rdiiiti*, hrsiiliA banka, churrm-si, huteU, \r. ; population, 481)7. In the south- 
i.i^t p.irt iif the State, :i(u several tnwits largely eii(ra^eii in inaiiufaeturpK; these 
;iri', l)uver, Simierswitrtb, Newinarki-t ami Kxeter; the latter, besides its iiiill;* and 
iii.iuuf.ietures, ronUiin^t Phillip's Acad«»my, a well-known and renpeetahle si nii- 

i II iry. These an* all on navi^rable rivers, furnishin'; tine mill-scat;*, and constant 
t'oMiiiiiinii'aiiun with the sea. Nashua, near the south line of the State, contains 
MfVi-ral l:ir^e eutMn-iuilU; population in HIO, G051. Hanover and Haverhill am 
t.iwns <>f bttw4^*n '2000 and SlKM) inhabitants each. Amherst ar.d Keenc are 

! IV at anil thriving; towns between the Merrimack and Connecticut livers. Man- 
chi.-stir, on t!ie former, is a manufacturings town, with 3*J35 inhabitants. 



NEW HAMPSHIRK. 159 






STATK OF VERMONT. 



Vfrmiist is bonndt'd N. by l/ower (*anada; E. by New Hampshire; S. by 
M.is-.arhij setts; \V. hy New York; from which it is separatetl, in part, by Lake 
Chumpluin. It is 157 miles in l«>nirth, from north to south ; UO miies in breadth 
nn thf nnrthern, and 4U on the southern boundary ; and containt an area of I0,*J1*2 
^.J^. in- miles, or ii,5U5,ii*<t> acrt-s, 

Tlio (troen Mountains, from which the Stite derive:* its name, on accoimt of 
tilt* f'vi'r<:reemi with which they are covered, occupy a larj^* part of the State; 
a III! iiKvit id* iu hurface is uneven. The ranj^ p(b««eri thruiir?h its whole length, 
tiU'Ut half-way between I^kc C'hamplain and the Connecticut river. 

Kn>m these moimtaiiLS many btreums take tiieir rise : the iiK>t important are. 
OtttT creek, Onsou river. I a Sloile, and MisMM|ue, which empty into Ijake Cham- 
]>iam. on the wi>t; the White, I'aMiinpsic, and West rivers, N«hich tlow into the 
Ciiiinfvtii'ut, on the en.«.L 

The bcenery of Uiis State is romantic an«l beautiful, the air pure and healtliful, 
and the nativtv induftlrious, intelli|rent ami hospitable. 

The a*ti\ is fertile, ami all sorts of frnm suited to the climate are produced in 
•jri'ut abundance. I hi rk, rich, and loamy, it is admirably calculated to su»tain 
itpiiiL'hti and affords the tineet paetura^e of any State in the Cnion. W'oul is 
U -1*1 1111111? an tmixirtnnt product iiere. Cattle of vnriouH kinds are raised, with 
irri-ai luciiity ; uiid imwhere is tiner beef to U; M*en, than is ted on tiie rich white 
ciovur {u.-turc:) of Vern Hilt. The Initter and cheese are uuiversilly known tor 
their excellence. 

Vermont is entirely in Uie interior; yet, by the hy>tem of internal imfnvr^menU, 
the (*liamplain Canal, and tiie I^ake, vi*iMelsand steamboats have brought her tcr- 
nrnry alm«i>t in cunti^ity witli the si*a. I^irt of the trade ijfoes by canal to 
Aibniiy. and }Mirt down the hike to Montreal : miicii of tliat which tunnerly went 
to IW»ton aiid Harttord, is now drawn by the Cliamphiiii Caiul to New York. 
This canal has been of incalculable advantage to the Stati*. 

The popultitiun of Vernnint in 17*JU was H5.5M); in 1«1M), 15I,-1G5; in 1810, 
•J17,K)5; in 1H*J0, ^33,701; in lh30, e>0,(i7*J; in lh40, s2'Jl,94h. Of tli<'W, 
14ti.37s4 were whiu* males; 1 14,840, do. females; 3t»4 were coloured males ; 366, 
do. I'emales. Employed in a|;rieulture, 73,150; in commerce, 1303; in manu- 
tjctures and trades, 13,174; in minin^r, 77; in Davi(^tin|; the ocean, 41; do. 
lakes, rivers and cinals, 146; in the learned profetsiona, 1563. 

In 1H40 theiewere in the Sute, 60,402 horses and mules; 384,341 neat rattle; 
1,6S1,>^19 sheep; 'J03>00 s^^ine. There were produced, 495,800 bushels of 
wheat; l,llll,t;7'^ of ludiim corn; 230,1*1*3 of rye ; 54,7^1 of barley; l28S,4l6of 
burkwheat; 'J,*J-J.!,5 H of oats ; ;?,'-i'>9,751 of potatoes ; 3,699,*235 poundt of wool ; 
4,647,931 of suiT'^r; 836,739 tons of hay. The prodiicu of the dairy amounted to 
f *J,008,737 ; of the orchard, to $'213,944 ; of lumber, to $349,939. 

i^e exports of this State, for the year ending Sept. 30th, 1841, were #'277,987, 
and the imports were *24 6,739 ; the tonnage entered was 13,560, and the tonnage 
cleared of the same amount. 

Vermont it an agjicultural, rather than a commercial and manufacturing State. 



lUO rXITKI) S'l'ATKS. 






'riiiTi? \v« rt*, in l**!!), 717 fi:iiiil stirrs, with a cupilal of is^'i.UGI.oOO; ihi* lu'.jltr 
tra«U' eiii|ilv>yo»l :i ciipil.il (if i<l'>f'»t'ii; lionif.'-un'lu or f.unily jri)«i<l.s \v<Te prn.!-...*t.i 
lu \\w .i!U')ui:t of :?<;71.'>1^; l''» WDollt-ii fartorii's ami -'Jl» fuilinij-inilis protJuri'-j 
'.irtii'li.-s to ilm auKniiit of ^ilJi'M.itj!!, with n ca)>i:,il of ^(lji>r>,lij0; 7 coition jV- 
l-irics, with J rapiial of $11^,000. proiliiccil urticl>'d to tiic uinount of 9B1K{.im»4>. 
Tttu t'.it.il amount of cupiial cinploycMl in munufartures in tlic ^^tati*. w > 

Thi.rn are thrcu rolh-fjc-* in Vermont. The rnivorsiiyof Wrmont, at B'lrlin;?- 
lon, was fouu(i(-<i in 17tU ; Middh !)iiry Colh.-jre, ut Miiiilli.bury, w.is t'uuudtd i:. 
\^00\ Norwirh I.'niwrsity w:is f-jiind' <1 in Is31. In thi-su institutiuts ir.t :• 
wen-, in l"^!*), '^03 stiuhnls. Thcro wi?ro in tht« Slati* hi uc.Kk'Uii'^s, wi;n SI 13 
stihlLHis, and •2U)'2 ('(iiiniinn '.'.iiil primary sHioiiU, wiih ••'•2,117 scisolars. 'i*;i' :»• 
Win* in iliu SiuU; •J070 whiu* pt tsjus, ovtr twenty yiar.s of aj{f, who could n- i: • r 
rend nor write. 

'i'iir jirincipal rt-iijious denoinin:jtinrm are the (%>nijr«\i.iti'»riali5.l«, Hapti-sT-i .if : 
Mrlhudissls. In I^oiJ, the (,'i>ii'rn"j:iiioiialis:s Ind l"*''i eltiirehes, 1 1 1 iiiini»t' r^. 
and 'Jil,.'>73 coniMiiinieaut.s ; i!ie ljapti<it:) had 105 churches, 7** mirii<)if rs, ai; i 
lUt.i'J.') cummunieantf; the M«lh!idi*.i.s hnil 7.'> itinerant iiri^:ieli»T-!: the Kpi«fp'- 
liini.i h;id j.ni' hishnp, :uul {-> niiiii.^tiTs. IJe-iides thisi-, th»-re is a n ii-»id»r.: >;■■ 
iiumhur of I i.ivt.r>aiist.s and Ciiri.-«ti:in>«, anvl a few L'nilarianii and li niuii: 
('alhoiies. 

! There are 10 hanks in the Siatr, with an a^iirrpfratp capital of $],.1*23,.'i.'!0. ini 

i a eireuhiiion of Sl,l»G*J,Sl*i. Vermont has a Siati* di-bt of about ^-jriO.OOO, aS. ».: 

' onL*-huIf of which was contraetcd in the hiiildini; of the m'W Stati.-house. 

The rapital of the State h tlie little town of Montpeiier, situated in a wihi ai. i 

; nnjired re'^ion, at the junetiou of tiie north and south branches of the Oiii >ii 

.river. Iler»! is a handsonm Slalc-houso of «^ninile, ri.renlly encted, loijf i:i»'r 
with the public buihlinrrs of tiie i-nunty. Th*- pr pulation of the lown is 37-.'i. 
West of the niount.iins are seviral ll-iurisljiui! town«<, whi«*h rnjoy l!ie advant^fj- 

, of an ea<y t'ommunication with l<:iki- rii.inipiain.and. ihroui^h it. wiili the l{<ii:<> i; * 
and St. iVawrenco. St. Albans is a ncuMy built town, on a small bay, with ■.•n 

I active and increa.sini{ trade, ami containing 7nt) inhabitants. Further s<*uin !<• 
Hwrlinirtnn, the lari(i*^t town in llu- State, and the principal cnunenMal place c". 

. the lake. It is pleasantly hituati<i on a ui.ntly ri.->inir slope, overlookinrr the lakr-. 

. and it has an e\n llent harbour. l(*-ri* are lli»» cr.unty buildinns, and the I'ldv* r- 
sitv of Vermont ; and at ihi' f.tlls • f t!i" Onion river thtre art.' sonuj ni.inufdct>rtt - 
The p^'pulatioji is l'i7l. Thi' ei:y 'd" Vip/i nii* >, with 1017 ihhabitant^. is accrs- 
hibh; to laki- vi ssds; and the Aiii<>rii*an Sijii.idron on the lake was fitted out ht'r> 
in l"«I 1. The falls in the rivtr ailnrd sotih? i.'o».il mill-srats. Ab''«Vf Vcrgniii:*"*. 
is Middli'bury, ubirh contain^ i^miv mills anl a i iilleie. Marble of a j; >«.'.. 
quality is iptarri<'d here. I'l'piil iti^-n. 3tr.-j. Ili'ihtr up the rtver is Hull mi. 
containin<r ip:.irri^s of niarldi.', isrveral maiiiifictiirinsr i <:tablibhni('nts and i:.v 
publif huihlini^s of thi* cninty, with '^70^ iidiahitants. On llie same side of lb-- 

, mountain', but fa rib* r south, is IJi-nninift'-n, near which an* f-und limestone, nnr- 
blo, :ind imi!. litre are nohh' mills and in»n-W'>rks. Population, 34.9. Tl.i* 
plai'f is not«.d for the \i«'tory «x»i"'*'J i» I*** '•>' (General Stark. 

Cros.^inir thr mnunlains, and rntt-rinij lh»' rich valley of the Connrctirot, we] 

' find a number rtf ihriviri'T towns and neat villai;! s. liniiiir iiit frrtile nifadowt. Hv 
mianR • f s. viral >hort i-mals, b.)ats are enaldfd l>i ascend the river ahoTe New- ; 
bury ; the prnu'ljial of ihi'*»e i*uts is al lii-lbnvs' Falls, where a fall of fifty iWl i« 
overcnine by nini- leeks, and an tXiMvation of half a mile in b'niith. BrallleK'-«r«/ 
is a bu^v pi.i ••• • f 'Ji'vll inh'i!iii.i:ji-j. and coniaininL' some manufactories. Windsi^r 
is a n» ti J'lwn in a pMMur«H jin- -\:[\ iti.-n, with the bdly peaks uf Ascutn'^y Meun- ' 
tain i»v.» fiiwr ;ib'-v»' it. A ^:u\\\ "'i A'.ii whii'h runs tbr"Ui;h the town, serves t* 
c.irrv tl;i- ;•:■«■ " o.i'S ■ (-—:■' r.il :i:.i;. ira«"ti;rin«r«*^tablishments ; and th«*re is a Si\»« 

'pr:>- n l".i'i ■ f ".'.'i.;--. .-.. ! •• ir:diii ir-d "n the Auburn plan. Pi»pulati'>n, i7ll. 

\i 'III' i :'■»• villa.'' of Ih-II-.w-* I'alN, the riv*r is suddenly contnicted fp-ni 3«H» 

tj It; Ml" 'Jci till \M !• . an I r«:*.!» s with irri-al impetuosiiy thr«»u'ih a n.if. w 

cha-^ni rut in t'li* S"':i! r.'i'k, haxin:^ a tall of ni-arly fit'ty fret in a half of a milr. 



I 



MAssAciiisi-rrTa ici 



Woddtiurk, with 3315 iuhabiuiiiK, lit's a hitli) oflTrmn the river; and higher up, 
but oD the I'unnerticut. in Norwich : ciTJl eii^rinffrin^r and other practtcnl science! 
n^cfivi' pariiouUr aileutioii in the inRtitution here, fttyled tlie Norwich I'nirerMty. 
I'opulaUun, '^.'l^. 



COMMONWEALTH OK MASSACHLStnTS. 

Tims State in hounded north by Vermont and New llanipuhire; <'aKt by the' 
AtLintir Oi'ean ; south by HhiKli* Inland and (.'onneetirut; and west by New York. ; 
Thf aver.iijr e\ti*nt, trom nnrth tn ukuUi, ih 70 niih's, and from enst m wrsit 1 10; | 
.iff.i, •<.VMi i«i|ii;iri* liiilis. 'l'\if (in-t-n M«Mmtains rjnijr tlip-unh the p» ntr.il parti* : 

• •f xho Stato, frr<iii nnrth t* sonili. Thi->e iii^'iintaihs, in their whr>h* r\tt nt, I 
.ilxumf in niiblf flfv.iiii>ns. dark ijnrn f ri'si!«, pl«-.!«<i.int and sbidtf-red valb>y*i. :ind • 
iin iiitihitf vnriitv «•!' i!iipps-.ivi' sn ntry. The highffrt pi-akti ar** Saddle Ml, 
Tairhknnir, Ml. 'f'"in, Mt. Holyc-k*-. Kc. 

Ma-Mii'bu-it tlN 1; »•* i;n l-pji- rivrp« w b««lly within ber brmnds. Tbe M« rrimack 
I .i!»sr«» 4iiit nt" \»w ll:iii.psb!ri» inf'> itjf iii fthim divi!.iiin • f ihe St.ii**. (ni|ilvinv' 
UitM tbi- MIX at Ne\\bijryp"rl. T\\o. funnrcticui, in traver«>inir it from n^rth to- 
- iiih, nrarlv bi*ii ri.s tin- Stalin Thi I l"ii<*attinic, Charles and Ipfiwioh. Ni'ponNet ; 
and TaiintMii, llicutrh ibey b.ivp sir rt riiirM"<, nro jihaHant strrarnii. The deep 
li.iy. brtwrrn I 'api' Ann ami C'api- <'id. wl.irh haH (riven riainc to the State, has' 
i-.iuM-d It to he kiiowii ill ill*' i.ihtT Siati fl by th«- r.anie of the Hay State. Cape ! 
\iiii bmindN It nn thi- n<<rib, and Capf Cud i-n tbf south. * t 

Ai;n(*iiltiirf nffivfrt hrrc t;ri at .iitMitii-n. and is rondurleil with a Kiinrrinr I 
lb tjnc of hkili '.inil inu llttiiurf. Ma^i^aacbuKettd is i.o doulit tiic Ursft ruilivaied ; 
Slat*' in the I'nUMs ]h<th tbi- Lfirislaturi* ai.d agricultural ^'''ciilirs have made! 
'jrtat ttTi'rtii to fn<'cur.i<;t' a f>kilt'ul and tbriflv hur«bandrv. and to introiluee ibc ' 
bi'ot fun i>:n br* i-ds of f.!H-4*p and cattle. ( fmmerre, iiLiinifacturcs, and t}.o Hsh- 

• rits, ari», bowivi r, the threat «dijiris of pursuit. 
Tlir pcpijlation cf the Stale of M;t«i«.aeliniwll!«. in 1790, was 3hh,7-27 ; in I*»n0, 

rjJ.»«l5; in 1h|0, |7-J.niO: in l-Ju, .VJ.'<.>7 : in KUK f»l0.lUH; in 1?»0. 
7:t7.(VJU. < M' till M\ :tt^0.ti71» were w bile niabs, and Sl'i'^.Sdl w hilt- femalrs ; 4fi6l | 
Wire rii|oi]red ni.ilrfi. and 4U1j ciuurid females. Kmployid in acricniture, ■ 
*^T.^37: in eonnn*ri*e, hiui.'i; in niaiinfaciiireK and trades. h6.17f>; in navi^^alin^! 
the rNM'iin. 'J7.153; do. nver» and canals. 37'J; in ininiiij;, llii* ; in the learned* 
priifi NKJ.inv, 3.'^01. 

In \^UK there were in tbe Stati*. tU.l^l horses or tnuleii; *42r**J,57t neat cattle; 
' .'C-'.'J-Jtl sIm-^'p : I r^'J-il («wine. There wire produced, 157,9*23 bushels of wheat ; ' 
.Vlrt.Oll i.f rye; l,MrMl»J if Indian ecrn; ^7.000 of buckwheat; 1G:i.31D of 
barley ; l,311Kfi*<ii i^f nals ; 5..M*<;i,i'i.VJ of poiati^^i ; and 5fi9.3'J5 ton* of hay. Tlie 
ppNli'iriH I'f tbe d.iiry win vahuii at ^•J,373.*J'.»0 ; of the orchard, f3Sll,177. 

Ma*iNaebu{»«'its i» e\u ii<«ively ehirai!«'d in tbe fislierieH. There were prmluced, 
in I*<10. '{'«'.*,7iri ■p.MiiaU (if dried or Mnok«-d fiAli : rJ4,7riribarreU of pickled fish ; 
.1.t'i3ii.<*7*J };allnn'« vl >|>eriiiaceii • il; 3,.'l(i-l.7*J>'i )!alb>iis of whale, i>r othtr finh oil. 
In iiM shippini; M.i«i<<a(*husetts is the second State in the Cnien, bcinfr inferior 
'•nlv to Ne\% York. 

Tbe expnrtii in I-*IO anmunied to $10.1 hV2(> Land the iiuportji to 8l0.ol3,h5S. 
Tbert' were 'Jll coininercial and I'J.'l c>>iiuiii^H|iin biui^eB Lni2a;fed in freiifn trade, 
wiih a c'jpital of $l.t.'«H|,5l7; 3C'2't retail dry-iroMls and i<ther sictirs, with a 
capital of 91*.70.'i.U.'H; the lumber trade employed a capital of 91.0*20,300; tbe 
fisbi ries employed a rapilal uf $1 1.7'J.'i,f^.')0. 

The manufactureM i.f MassuebuM its are equally diMiniruisbcd with iu enm- 
merce. Honie-inade or family (;• "d-i were prcsluced to tbe ainrui.t of ^'Jul.lMO ; 
*J7 fullinp-niilU and 111 wotdlen inanufactoricfi prcNliiced articles to the amount 
of $7,06*2.«*t»t*, einployinir a eapital of SI,I7I',H50; 27** cntlon faetories pndi.ced 
articles to the amount of 916,5.'i3.t'J3, and employed a capital of $17.4U.i'0{>; 
l.'iH'J saddleries and other manuf.icioriiH of leather prtwluced articles to thr amount 
or#lU.553,S*JG. employing a capital of 93,3IS,.'iU ; (lourini;, ^xM and saw-mills 

i4^ V 



163 UNITED STATES. 



manufactured to theamoiintor81|771,1^5, anil em ployed a capital of $1,440,152: 
ships were built to the amount of $1,319,991. The total amount of capital eoi- 
ployeil in manufactures was $1 1,774 ,41 (i. 

Various works of internal improvcnii'iit have bc(>n executed, Mhich afford 
great convenience and facility to tnivelliiivr and transportation. They are, 
Sie Middlesex Canal, which extends from lioston to the Merrimack river, -26 
miles; the lilackstonu Canal, from WurceHti-r to I'rovidence, U. I., 45 inilen; 
and the Hampden and Hampshire (^inal, iH) miles in length, which is a continua- 
tion of the Farmington Canal, from the Connecticut north boundary to North- 1 
ampton. 

The following rail-roiids have been constructed, viz. : from Qniney to Neponset 
river, 3 miles; the first work of the kind in the I'nited }St«itcs. From Uc^tun Ut 
Lowell, 2(i miles, with a continuation throujrh Nashua to Concord. N.H. ; a branch ut' 
this line from Wilmington is carried, throunh Andovcr and Kxeter, to North Bi-r- 
wick. Me., 60 miUs. From Duston to Providence, 4*3 miles, and thence to Sto- 
ninnrton, Ct. ; a branch lijie extends from Mansfield, throu<^h Taunton, to New 
Bedford, 33 miles. From Boston to Worcester, 43 miles; then commences thc- 
Western Kail-road, tlirough Springfield to the west bfuindary of the i^^taie, w hifn. 
it connects with Alb;iny, Hudson and Troy, by roads lately fmishe<l. From] 
Worcester to Norwich, Ct., 59 miles. The Kast«'rn Kail-road, through Salem 
and Portsmouth, to Portland, Me., 104 milrs. Tiiu Fitchburi; Kail-road, U-adini;, 
throutrh C!onconl, is in progrf.*8s. A rail-road from Springfield to Hartford. :^t« ' 
miles, is on the point of being compleU*d. 

MnssachuKctts has three colleges, and two theological seminaries. IIar>-ard' 
Tniversity, at Cambridgi*, is the oldest and brst endowed seminary in the coun- 
try, having been founded in 1034, about eighteen years after the fir^t landing on 
the rock of Plymouth; Williams ('ollege, at W illiamsUiwn, in the north-we^t 
corner of the State, was foundeii in 1793, and is flourishing: Amherst (^.•llei?e•■t 
Amherst, was founded in lH21,and has had an unexampled growth, ranking with 
the first colh'gf'S in New England. The thfolngical sfminary at Andover. undf*r t 
the direction of the Concrregationalists, has bei*n muniticently endowed by a frw . 
individuals, and is one of the nld< st rnul most resptTtahle of the kind in the Initini < 
Statfs. It was opi^ned for siudi-nts in the autumn of IHIM. The Baptists havr 
a flourishing tliL-oloniral institution ;it Newtown, founded in 1k25. All t\w*t' 
institutions hatl, in IH40, 7»»9 stndriits. There \vi re Jifil academies and gTamm.ir 
schools in tin* State, with l(i.7lti students: and 33li'J common and primary 
schools, with lfiiV-''»7 hchi>hirs. Thrre w«Tr \l\** white persons, over twrniy ,' 
years of agf, who roiild nniihi-r ri'nd nor \% rite. These, ab in most casi*s in tht 
Stales, were principally made up of forei<;n immigrants. 

The principal reliirious difnominations are Cnngregationalists, I'mlarians, Ba|>- 
tists, .Methodists, Episropaliiins, and I'niversalists. In lH3ti, the Urth«jdox Con-| 
gregationalists had about 3'J3 rhurches, '291 ministers, and 4ti,9.'>0 coromnniranl^; 
the Unitarians had about PiO ministers; the Baptists had I'SO rhurrhes, liUli 
ministers, ami C(),«(H) fvinimunicants; the Mdhodists had 87 ministers; th^ 
Kpiscopnlians h:i'l one bishop, and 37 ministers; the I'niversalists had lUUcf«o-| 
gregntions, and 41 ministers; the Friends had 1-9 societies; the Koman Catholics | 
had one bishop, and II miniMtcrs. Ilesidi'S tlii*Me. then* are a few Presbyterians, { 
Christians, Swt'denbor<;i:iii or .New Jerusalem, and Shakers. | 

Boston, the capital of Mass:ichusftts, and the principal city of New England, 
it pleasantly situated upon a small hilly peninsula on Boston Bay, with h safe 
and crtMuui'di-iMs harbr>ur. d»fp i'n>iu:;h to admit the largest vessels, capable i>r 
conUiining 'ti)0 ships at once, and so completely landl(H*ked as to lie |>«rfectly{ 
secun*. Si'veral forts, enrttnl on tin -»e islunds. command the approaches to the ' 
city. Me^hlf the miin peninsula, tin- rity comprivs another peninsula, called 
South Ho^itun, ei*nn(*eted \%ith the former by two (rev bridges; and the island of 
Kant Iloslitn, with uhirh eointnuniraiion is kept up by steam ferry-boats. FfHiri 
wooden briilges aNo e'Minect the city with (Mr.irlestown and Cambridge; a solid 
causeway of f-:irih iiniii>^ it t** llrotikiine; and a narrow neck of l.ind, which has 
been raided and wiih-iifi! by artitirtal eonstnielioiis, joins it lit Uoibury. 



M ASS.U III SKTIX 1 03 

T:.. |M.|..i!ui .M. Ill \^\HK u.i>. ■Jl.f'.'iT; ti> I»*-:o, |::,-:'>; in l-».1i». r.l.riMJ; ai. 1 
III I""*!**. '.•},;:•«:; .- li ,i, \i' iht- .u\j .cvi-.i t-iwiis ;irr nicln.it i], ul.irii iu [' a\ l'i«rm s«- , 
iniii\ Miiiif.-. • r fill- iMly. I'h- |»>'j«ul.r»:»ii i-xm lU I'Jii.OdO. Tlii* Si .'•< •Iiniisr, 
:'r ir.Mi-: .1 liiM* p irW iif ?.'» .ifi s, r illi li till (^>l^nl<•ll. '.in<l ••taiiiii!.:^ • ii i?«i' ln^■^l 

• ii-v.;Tii{ }• irl '>( (III- «'ii\ ; ifiv iii.irkrt-hiMiKc, .i luiiii?* iiiii- •^r.tmti- itiiti^c. tMi* 
-.i.-rn «% hiih, y.iu t'ul liy TiO; ihr r.-url-Ii'"!).-.!', wliirti is al-* i lI ;:r:iijiii', I7ii 
\»vi I •;i'/, .'iT Ii'"j:!i. .'il wiilf; \\\v riiy li:«ll, nr uIil St.ii»'-liiu;Ri', ;ii;il runiii! 
II ill, JM M* n-ti .'• -'.lui; !Vi''.ii hi^t -ritMi .isn.mm itimis ili.m iV- iii itn ir an !iUi'i"ii'ir.il 
ini-riN: .i:i i ilii> M.i«- ii*liij<.rti.s (tri.i-r.tl ll>»pit.il, a lMniisi>iiii' jrraniic buiiiin •<'. 

Ill" t': t 1(1 Itlitrlil ; l!|i' Ilf^ll!:!!!!'!! f<>r lllf Hllllil, III W II it'll 'ATf utioul .'lU {Mijijls ; 

i:.f lli^: >ii \i!itMi.riiiii, u hii-ii lt:is a li;»r.iry of .'lO.lUUi v«>Iumr<, niii*. a pii-tun- 
:».i I» rv ; (.>■ Nlnliivi! Nrli.».i! .it" ll.ir'..irii I'iuvit.>i:v ; thr Kvr aiiil M:ir Iiitirmarv : 
i:i»» U.'-Ki'-i i»l' ImiiHtry, !(• r>-riii.iii>>ii, uiiii * 'i-rrtfii 'i», are tin' {iriiicijMl publii' 
liiiil WH'Z"* (^''tt ilcHi-rvi- iii-'iiii<>ii. 

Ttn' Sriilj«*"» :' itl wli.vr^fs .iri' rf:ii irk ihU- t'tr lit* ir t:r*':>t l*Mii»l!i. 'flic (\iiial 
lifii'.'"- In 'j^iiii l",» I |."n.'; til* \\ (ht l!»^l'ii Jiriiljf, 'JTili' iVi't : and ^ iiic nl' liu> 
•!ii --s I \'i I i I'liiil t.. '.. Tin uli.irvis li.iXi- tn • ii n u^tnicti <1 in a > iiir%v|i'al 
Hi:ur.ir r.iiiiii r. Crmiil wi irf, i;*"'* I'i'i t 1 'iii:, by !.'»«» \%ii]i>, «*«>ntaJr'iK Til l.iryi* 
M in •I'.i^i-'k. t'oir '-{■•fir's hijli. 1« •m; \%li<irr. i-<Oti imi^', hy *JUii in wiiitii, li:t/t 7ii 
\\ .r> liM-.iH.'^. •••{tiiily op.i'M -wi. Cnniiiit ri'i.ii uliarf it IKui tVit. hy hid, uiili a 
rail •■• •'( 'M i;r.inii»» wan-li -i. «••!«. 

\> i •- Mi:.i ri-i.il I'ity, H<>oi -ii i** i!i* «i i*<^:mI in ilu' ( jii<>ii. in aui'^iint il iiu»<iiii'H!i. 
I:» !"^l«t. Ill'* •»lii(ijMiiir hrl 'n/n.^ !■• ll.i- |i'"rl ain>>ijiilfi !•• •J'Jii.-.M;i i.-n.".; v.ilm* of 
;.ii|ii'i-. 5»lti.ilcMi.H0i); fXji.r!-, !jht.iHH»,0«H). UaiikinT iii>til«.:i..|.>, j;!. \%ilh aii 
I .:.•'• -'■•••■ •■■il'it.ii iif $IT.*^i"i.«H>n; iiiourai:' f rniiipanii-^, "J.*!, \%ir!i a rapiul «»f 
ii>ii.iiiiii.<Mi(i; .'<ii n»wsp.ipiTs, l*J if wliji'h ari- piiiijiihiij i| uly. Tlii** ciiy lia» 

• v> r lii-i-ti c|iHiin'j;ni^luil f-T i<* alti nli'Hi tn filtuMtiiin. Tin- !>• «• •ii'liw].-. an, llu- 
l<i:in Srli'i'il, thi- ill jh Srlin •!, iikh' (jr.iinin.ir aiid writiiiir o'-Iid-U. TiT iiriniarv 
.•.'f • -U. anil Olio Afrit' ni m'li' 'i| i'-t M.iik?«. Tin n- an- al-Ji n'i:u»r<«:'» privatt- 
-■•l.. Ills fur rhiMmi 'if Ivili s x.-s. |iio|>in l»a> lO'i liU'rar\ anl rliari'. il»!f s-iit- 
iSi-». "riif AnicritMii ArailtM,;. nf Ar!* ::riil Srii ncr'*, tlii* llisl>i{iral Si--i'ly. iii»«l 
I'll- \ it'ir.il MisMry S.KMi-ty. wtv ain- ii;^ t\.v !■ -irni il ■•.oittli^. T: i ;i.' an- 7i 
i'ii.n'''ii»'i, "J thr.iiri"*, an thiv m, K*". 

( 'ii irli'4|i\rii. \%lii<*ti is ruiiiiir'.t i wi:li ]ii..>tnn livll.nt hrjili;- -, s-tan.l.^ mi a 
1 lUv |i« ir.ii'^;l.i, ltii» rrnlff *'f \vlilf!i i.-! iNi-i-j.i.Mi l>y ni-iiki-r Hill. Tli-'i.^Ii irrv- 
'.' s' irlv ••■.i.i, 11 V i:n;n i:m1*» in uiv tin*' vj« \\ •; if thi' li ir'- :it wiA tin- Fsurf'Min ln.jr 
I'x'iiiiry. 'I'd'* nniikt-r Hill M 'n'tiui ii' i.- aiii*Srtt>k >f irraiiiti , ri.-iu^ t> tin In-i^^lil 
-f -JJOftiM iVmhi its ha*f, wliirh i^r»<»fo-t siiuar«'. Tin- rniinl Staii ^' Pin-k- 

y-ir i iipriMiii.' .i niiinbi r I'f Kti-ri -Jn»iim s. ar«-na]s. nia:;a7.i:iL'.-, Iiarrai-ns. :'.n<l 

-iip-. Willi a jrra\in;» nr i!ry-«1'>'k. In. ill at a rii>i nf J*ri7T,<»«M», riviT^; an i su-iil '-f 
alt.iii ^ixiy aiTi'n. Tin' pt^piilatinn nf thi* ti>wn i^ 11,1^1. AJj inini; Tharlos- 
I'lWii is Ciinbrul.*!'. ihe soai i-f Harvanl rnivirsiiy, uiih >».|(»I» irthaliiianU. At 
W aiiflnwn, adjHiniipr ('aiii'iri.J.rc, iiii'rr \^ an I'liiUMl Stairs' Ar-i-nal. 

Ti- il»t» mMiTh-\ii's»t m till* litiii" i.iwu of nri'^hton, H'-IimI Tif its raiilt inarki t, in 
mIiii-'i, in I'^fO, tSi* >>ale.H ct r iltli*, rnlvt'!*. ftlu'cp, ami sMinr-. aiic i«nt«-'I to 
alni-t^t ^'J.MKMii^t. Iivnn is a iiimI and tliriTin<r town, \i'h>t!«<^ inlialiiirits. bt- 
f&iile inakin? 'J.i9iHMN)ii pair of fibrM>«« annually* carry nn iIm* rod and \vh:il»* fisb- 
rricx. I'opuiatitn in IHIO, !IMri7. A Inns hi*arh of Rmmith, bud si.ind, 
UTinuuU'S in iht^ rnrky liltiv peninsula of Nahinl, n farotirltt* wairrinc-plarr- 
ot tbo n*'i«4hbuurin!v towns. MarblMhrad, Ion;; the prinripal iifat if tin* rod 
finbrrx'. has of iut«* turned ita attrnti'in partly to mechanical industrv. T'arMrnlirly 
ti.i kiiiii'iuakini'. ^aIiu'H nccupica tbe uiiii'>r leisure nf many of iti liardv fio!i»rini'n. 
liH) sail of tniiali vt-ssM^U are cmployeii in ibe fishing^. coaBiin^. and fo^*ii*n tradf. 
population, 5.i7.~i. 

Tb»» city of S.ilcm, wilb IS.Ofl'i inhabitants, [a noti-d for the conmifrcial rntrr- 
prisi« and iniliistriotis npirit of its citizens. It wa^ lonif I irpfly i-ngarrrd in the 
Kasi India and i*bina trade, and ii« coaBtinn and foreiirn tradf is Rtill cnnftid*-r- 
•bb- ; bnt it labniirs iiiidfr the disadvantAtrc of not bavii «; a siitTicii^nt depth of 
wai»»r for ibi* lap',:i-i vi-sm-U. 'Pip inbabitsinls have late!\ rivj-.iijr-d in the whalet 



H 



UNITED 8TATRS. 

nshery< in which ihcy emploj 13 Rhipa; (he wbol* kliippinfof iba p 
3T,Wll tciiu. The oily b iwaU; bulli, uhI kt coniatiu an alfa«>iiKw 
jwimi, a valuable cidfeeiion of naiiml and atuficial curionUB*, bcloa^ai 

,ib« &iit India Maniw SooiHy. which ia coinpoMsl wholty of nMr'~' 

wiib an anrairaW capital of 9S,3t>afiM ; 3 b 
I of C67I>,0W| 19 cborcbo*. hiid MTcnl ckari 
ituiea ate alao eonaidanbln. Buiiiily,ci>fiurir4 vltfa S 
il in lonjcUi, has 1il89 Inhabitanu, Ehia6]r ooco|iM in c 

fii)i«ri«a i and Oanrtn U ■ bua; Icnirn, wlib a popklaxkni i>f 91 

mnialidiuc 31 laanarwa, a tolliMK and alitune mill. Aw. Cap* Anna. Ilw « 
poial nf Mainehuaou* Baj, ia occupied biF tna fiablnK-tnwa nf (ilooeMlar: 
nagv owont hero, 17,079 ; population, CSSO, A faw ntilaa wnk tf ifat t«| 
' haudaamalDwnof NawbuifporliiilUBlod at iheiuovUicf liieSJaariiBark. 

ign commeMe waa rormetly atom pjlcnaiva than i> la al prvacnl, bol lla inA 
ta ailU importini ; and ih« whalr, mackpial and md fiaborin ore ala» cajrrlail oi 
*iiMi Ibia place: tonnan, 33,9t». Populaliu«, G7IU. 
Hw aooth point of tlie UKal hay from wliirh tha Klxw lakmi its Bsma, ia CaM 
■"* Along iTTaj[ulBtpeninaula.«d7Amili>ain leririli. ^vfr tr ;. ii ■.'" ' " - ' 

^liaU ditirJIy of hiila of whiia aand, nio»ll» ■'■■ ■ 

ws ii^aoma piaca* built upoii ttakaa diivn. i i 

batwe«o. foi the aaiid lo drift ihroUB^. 1>- 

Itad, and aopporta a larca population, iho nnji.r.i; ..i ■• r i: \; ■■.. ,ufU bj II 

ftibariaa and the coaaijn^ttadp. i<ouihuf Capo Cod n ttiv iilniHt at N>ni« ' 

italiiing iha inini of tba lania nnnia, wiit> 0013 InbaliltaDU, all mxtdtd 

rnlo«eupDathshaihour,whtd]lleaon the norUieni ude. "nwUla^ tan-. 

land-bina, IS milM in Unoth, Ij aboat 5 or C in braadtb. alMiI* aim 

ahmu tha octian. Thara aia, liowafor, aociia produclita apota; aad akuwl 7 

< and SOa biw* an taiaKd, which faod in nne paMuic, tha laad be^ b«li 

ion. 1*ho Inbatdtanta ara diaiiD(uUh«il for ihftr aotvradaa, ifav k 

ahnut 7& ihlp* onpiged in tlio whalMlahary, and a cunaidaiahlo namhai Ji 
Tcaaah is the coa*iin|[>tmda i 3i,34a tona o( aliippitts aro otrnnd hata, ual 
nicn and boja tteliinjitni; In Ibn Ulan^ arc ainpiuT*-! in naTifa^ata. Uai 



Vluvyaid ia anuiKWhal longit than NuUDcltct, and coaicaitw a 
land. 'I'ha luhabltanta an lucMily iitlut* and liahrmivn ( boi aMiw tall a 
arooUna cloth are toadc Holme* I loir, a aafn and capaoiana bai^MH oa U 
norlbam eoaal, ia an imporlaot aiatlou ful ahlpa walling l*>i GinninUa « 
inaa Cape Cod. 

FIAjr-aaTBB milaa amiUl nf Iloaton, anil ailaalad oa Oiuavd'i Haj. la Mea 
Ded&M. tha ffraal aaol of Uio wbalvdaharjr. It la a kandaasuily b»iltto*n,8i 
tiaa a aaib and oapaoloaa haibour. Ilia populaliun. In IB40, araoonlod (o ir — 
na (hipping of Iha diatrln, wbleli iaeludoa aeveral other wwna on ika b 
aOJlAS loaat naarlv Ibo arbola nf Ihia ia amplajrad in lli* »ltalo-<alwiy t a 
1811, M,860 Ifatnda of aparm and 19J>&9 of whale oil ttafa bnajrhl n ho 
Capital amplofvti la Iha fialieriaa, •Ml',000. Hufa araf ha«ka.w)iha«ap|i 
aftlJoa.OM); 3 Inanranoe nfflaoa. U ehinahaa, aa acidawj, ^e. ' 
mllea long, owioaeta thia placo with T'uauio. 



daica Irani ItUiS; it now eonlala* 96JNHI iaiiabimta. U IN 
Uw npUal omplejred In iL> nnuua raaaufaotufaa anwvaAad to •l&UOhflM, I 
and woollaa ftcl/Jiira alnna e^rv ai>iplii;ina«l W timt WMtt niaialJiM. ft 
- pan of whom ata famalaa. About M,IHW.MB pModa of ooM 
'' araaallj In ifaa pnMlaatian of 7«,0(NM)M jania of cloiK Tha a< 




b Donnmlant atid mCaiiiaB. Lowalt alao 
•orin, grtai and aaw-nllla, fUM^oilta. 4c, 



powdn^ 



Uw otbai plaaai nolad for noavhialHiaa ara Pall Kim afllaii^ Mwtfi 

IVmiMo rtaart Ihia town w«a aLnoat wbaUf daanajraA by 4m a« ^ 

ai of July, lUl, but araa alneaa iMM4lauly labytii tha luaa bm ml— Hj^ 



I _ 



KHMDK ISLAND. 165 



^Ttwi.Oiiii. 'r.iunii*n, on thr river wf the saiiin ii:im«'. ami 3'J iiiiii'S Roiilti-w*'St 
tr>'in Itoot^i! ; Wurcr^ti r. w«>8t fr>>:ii n«>t«ii>ii; Sprinirfu'Iil anti Nortliainpion, boUi 
"■J J'iiiiii''flii ii nviT. lUv f"nn»'r nn in r-.ts{rni. amj tin- lailiT cii Us \i'i>Mrrn sido; 
t'ia*«:i('M ill xU** Mt<*tiTiu uik! Aiiaiu.^ in tht* iii.r(lt-M(K:f rn. part >.it'i!iL' Nlu*.i.'. 



STATK OF UHODK ISLAND. 

I?;i'iiK I<»i.%Nn is Soiifiilcii n-rlli aiitl nsi by M-.iS'«a('husrtl:ji, soiiili liy iho Allan- 
! •■ Or- HI. .in«l wosi liy roniif«*ii»'iii. lu i-xU'iii, tr<Mfi m.irili I'l ^onth, is afiinii I-* 
i:.ilt.-j. .iiiil ffi'iii t'Asi i.i Mi'?«t. I'J ; art-a, I.1OO hijinn' n»ilf-s. Tl»' Uro of llii? 
I- i.f iry i< iiiistly l«'Vi'l, ixfi-pt in iho imrtli-wi-iit, pari of which is hilly ami PM'ky. 
T*!'- s 111 H in ni rally h"tii r a<lapi''ii 1.1 <rr.i7.inii than lillaijc. A l.irtr** pr*>p'trtiun 
■ I !}i''- n rtli-\vi"«.ii rii .;ih1 w< ».t»rii pirt •■!' !h»' Snip has u thin ami lt*;ui R'il, hut 
I'l" i-'..in'!s aivi r-'iiiniry h-.rtlirinL' • ri NarraLjan*!'!! Hay an* of rrrrat frriiliiy. anti 
.: •■ ri \i lir .!i'l t'-r i!it ir lini- (Mt'.li . .n i lfi»- .ihuiiij mrr aM«l cxnllrnrf 1 f ihrir luit- 
u : aii.j i'!iiMs»». 'I'hf i>r<iiliii'N ar* mm, ry«', harhy, *^a\*, r.ml snini* wlir.it. 

Thi* isl.iml of Kh'Htr Isl.iml is nj. *»raU"i fi-r its ItiMuiiriil, ciiltivatril appear- 
.inn . :i'i..i!ti,lin2 ill •iiiiififh swi lis, .ti.J licii.ir tliviilt'd wiili yriMt uiiifonnity into 
'A I il-!ii!».l fii'iil'i. Till- «*liiM:iti' iniii'li rt 8rni!.<!i*s thai uf Mas«.irhusPtts ami CTon- 
ni-rii'-.i' in iis s.iliihrity : tht- p;sr;s ..f I'li- Siitf a«lj irrnt to ihr sf»a am favr-iiritl 
u \;ii t* U* » III lit; hrc 7.*s m siimint r. omi iN uintt r i.s tin* rnns: uiiM of any of the 
Ni'w KnjI.iml Siaii"«. 

Th"' nvirs arr srnall. \\i!li ruiir-iiM r.f not mori» than fjfty or dixty milrs, and 
■l-.'"!iirLrin.r .III icr'on-s^iilirahli' 'jis in'.ity <^f walor; Imt as tlioy drsi'iMul fp»in two 
h«'iiilr.i |i f.Mjr hiindrrd an I vny fi«'t, ami art* steaily in thi'ir supply i.f walrr, 
till V iMfTiisK .T 'jr'-ai nmiihrr i«f vilnaJdi* mill-scUH; and ihry have hrrn i-xtun- 
'»:v ;v .ip;»lit»'l t« nnnuUrtiinn' purp..s*'s. The I'awiui'kt't, l\iM-tuXPt, an 1 l*aw- 
r i!!i"k, .ir«» thf prinrip:ii ftln'ains. 

Th- p^PMl:Hi.n '4" Uht»ii»' Ularid. in IT'.»0, was :»-'.-^-»:>: in I-^iio, iJ'i.l-J-:: in 
l-|i». 7f;.'i:{| ; in X-^'ZW >»3.t».V.>; in Khi, DT.ilJ; in 1-^10. ItN.-^.iil. t)f thrno 
.M.:tii\! w.Ti- whiti» inalfft: .'»l.'J'**i wl.ili» I'lMnah-s; 1 11.1 wprf r<<lonri'd inalon; 
I -"J'l i-'ilinirtd ftinalrs. Kinp!i'V»Ml in :!;rrnMj|ti:r»', Ifi.iJI? ; in minin* tim*, I.'IH; 
m ! rin'ilwM ip'< .'.ml tM.i»s, 'JI/^TJ : in nn-i^iiinLi th" n'*iMn, JTJT; in the ieariiMi 
pr .!.^*i 'm, |.'i7. It i^ ihr I'liiy Si;ii< in ihi- I'l-.n-n in \\hi«'h ihn niunher cinployrd 
I!. Ill iniif.u't!]'i'« ami iruies Mxrri'ds t'ti sp oniplnyod in a2ricnlti:rf. 

Tiiir-- wtre in ih»' Stute. in l-liJ. '•hJI h' tsps and iniihs; niJ.^lU nr»nt catllo ; 
I»iM hi s'mj'i p ; IMi.i'i.V.i 4\Mr.>*. Th'Ti' wito prodnrrd 'M'.*-« liii**hi'U I'f whoa! ; 
:n.;VJI of T\v\ l.Vi.i'.K (if Indian i'»rn: *J'.»Ti» of hurkwh-at; rtfijliu nf barley; 
171. "iIT nf ii.i'.s; '.III.IO.'I of p(italr>«>4: 1^3, -^SO p >iinds nf w<vd. 

Thi' exporis f.ir ihi* year rndin-j Sopi.'niher .lilth, IHJI, waii6''-7'^,iri.'» ; nnd tiic 
ifiip tr's uiT«' .^'•."'.♦..'I'.iJ. Trii* t'inn.iitf enti^red was *J »'»,!'.• j tmis, antl thr ii'nnai^p 
r!i"-»d \\A% •Jl.i".'.'"' t'lns. 

'I'.';- in ini:f n'tnri's »f liii* Si iti*. nnialt as ii i^, ari* drsm'ins »'f partirnlir 
n-.'- ■■'. \rri.rdii«'/ t'l ilii- ri rissis if I*«|ii, h":ne-niadp nr fimilv ir "ds were prn- 
li ; ' : t" thi- ai!i.'-:nt •»! ^'iT.I^'O; tl w#tidlen larlnrips, with 1.'> ful.inK-nnlU, 
:»r •.:•»>'•■ i «jti ».ls t<i thr aniocni « f $*<l'i,i7*J. rinpioyin<j a capital nf J^i**.'!..'!.'!!! ; 

•jo>) ,•.•!•. .n firt'irien pr>i-iu i £r..i.ds t'» ilio '-tiiiounl of J17.I |fi,7y'J. prnployinff a 

1' i;ii •! r :ft7.rt«in,iHMi; v.irMus mills ppidnred arlielos t'» the am Mint nf |^3,tiH3. 
•-wi;''-\ iti>r a t*.ipi!.t! Iff $t.VJ..1In: veHM-h were hiiilt tn the am >iinl nf 9I1.5(M; 
fMi' I'l^M'I. rii's prwlisrid /^'^.'i.uoo «:allons <>f distilled spiriiH, ami .T hreweries 
:»r -li:!'. -I -'».i»<i « ■jillins of hei-r, witli a rapitnl nf S13l».<>i»0; e.jpitai eiiiplovfd 
111 !!:•• :i-li«rii 'i. ?i|.ii77.l.*i7. The tilal aiih'nnt nf rapil:ii ijupli'Vfil in niant.t'ac- 
i«ir * WIS s^|H.fli»'.i:h;. 

|lr -wn ruiv.r-iiy. at I'fi'.-i-li mv. fiMinleil at Warwi.-k. in 17«»l. an^l p' r- 
nr'.riiiitjv l-^r.itfl :it Ppivi-h m"» , in I77i>. in tlie nn!v '•■dleji' in t!ie Smi»», ai. I i« 
;i ri iiniliin'j insi!tiiti"n. Tm* pn-^i If m unii a inaj*.ri* v of llie triist<M s wr* rrqi ired 
b- ■'•• '-f the IiiMtKi di'iiiiitiin t'l 'M. Thi" I- Mniii'Ui ^ch«^ 'U of I'n'- Sii!»*, f ri'i^-rly 
li^- till-n>!>l to than in tin* . th* r New Knjlaml Si.iip^, h ivi- li'T.-,-lv r^'^-ived 






: K,G UXITKl) STATF-S. 



v.iMvh -.'.ttcnlioii, ;in«l are inijTovin'jr. In IH|:{, iIhti; \v;is I'xpfr.iltcl lor iiistrurUun 
in thi* SUii*\ 9\'2^{Hl. Tiiu Si.itit tins a juTiu-'iiiriit S('lpM>i-riin<J nniuuiitiii;; in ovc-r 
$.'»0,0(»0. T\\v Kuni of !?-J.'i,00(» aniiuully is juitl from iij;; Stiio trr;isury t«* i\tp 
S4»ho'il f:«;iiimitU'('8 of tin- several lowub, for lliu Mippi-rl of ili« puhiir srhi.^.I*. 
Ill IHIO, iheru were in JJrown IniversitVi ai.il in a Iliyli-Srlin.»l, wliirh parLakf^ 
of ilio nature of a collejje, [i'2\ students. There \v«n* :rl aeadcniira or i»r.-.mnirir- 
seliools, with 3tiGt students; l.'M euinnion and primary srtijoU, with 17,3^5 
scholars, 

Tho prineipal ndi'jious denominations are ISaptists, renijre;jaiiiinali*ts, Kpi*- 
' cnpaiians. and Methodists. 

I'lilil reeently, the only Constitution of iliis Si,.t« was the Charter grmniod by 
(*haries II., in l(i(i3. S* veral attempts have hien made within thtft laKt :?() xenr^ 
to turrn a (.*on$;titution iw re suitable to the spirit of the a<re, all of which faiJMi 
until Noveniher, IHI'J, when, al'ier a display of mueh party rancour, a new Cou- 
s>titution was adopted by a majority of the lejjal voters. 

The principal city of Rhode Jslaml is l*r«»vid»'r.ce, ili«' second in New Kntfland 
in point i'\' population, wealth, and comMierei*. It is situated at the head of Nnr- 
rairansett Hay, and is aceessihle to the largest merchant-vesst*!? : it carrirs on an 
active coastini; and foreign tnide. The population of the eity increaseil from 
lt},>^3." in IKlw to*j:).171 in iy*U). ll«re are 15 hanks with a capital of abo.it 
1*.'5,()00,<M»0 ; also a numbi>r of eolinn-mills. bb-aeheries, dye-bouses, mncliir.t^ 
shops, iron-founderies, ^:e. Amonj the publie buiblinvrs are the State liou$«'. 
the Halls of lirown I'niversity, the areadt>, a hamlsoine (rraniie edifice, 17 
churches, A:c. Steam-boats, rf ihe lar«i«M and finest class, keep up a dailv con;- 
munication with Nrw York, durinir the f>ri at* r part of the year; the Blac'kst'*r.c 
canal, and Dostun ami IVovidencf; rail-Mad, terminate here; the latter is conti- 
nued to Stonintrion, in Connecticut. Pawtiicki t Hiver, alM)ve Providence, is the 
seat of extiMisivo manufactures. .North l*rovidi;ni'e, on the Massachusetts b'«r- 
, der, contains the mantifacturintr viliav<e of Pawtucket, opposite which in thi 
' town id' Pawtucki t in that St«it<'. The whole manufacturing disinct is aNit 

• commonly called I'awfuekit, and it contains a number of eotion-millsi, besiS- 
mKchine-shopH. calico-printiiiir works, iron-works, Kl\ There is a population f.f 
about HdUO srtuU on both sides ot' the river. Above this the Pawtucki t takes (he 
name of the |{|aeksi«>ne, ai.d furnishes mill-seats wbicii have created the viliase 

■ of Woonsoeket I'alls, al^o sitiiattd on both pides of the river, in the tu«it«bip« 
of Smithl'ield and ('iMnbeiland. Tb«-re are alsii m-.inufactiirini; e>iabli»>hmeM<i in 
other parts of Smiilifw id. Warwick, en tin- Pa\\lu\et Kivrr and Narrasfansett 
lli'V, is a manul*aeiurin'_r -.md fisjiir.ir ti>\\n, \\ ith f>7'J(i inhabit.mts. 

Bristol, on the ea>terii .-borr if the bay. is a bp.«»y t«i\\n, with IWMi ii.babiinrts 
acti\ily eniraiicd in tlir f«.r« Il'o :«r.«l co.is'iinjr tr.tde and whale fj^bcry. N«ar!T at 
tiic suulb end i>f tbi* island of Ubodc iMlan*! is .Newport, once one of iht* princi- 
pal tow MS in the crdonii s, and still a favourite subimer resort, on acconni of i:.< 
pleasant >ituation, the refresiniej crwdness uf the sta-brM>7.t s, an^i its ailvantjc*e<i 

; f«'r sea-liatbiii'j. 'I'ho finri>oiir is one (if the fini>t in the WfirM, h«in«j safe, c:tp.v 

• cioiis, ami easy of aerrss, and is ib-fendid by an important work called F -rt 
Adams; but tradt* b.is mostly ilesi-rlrd the town, ainl now (entres chiefly in Pn^ 

' videncc. Pi>pulation, N3*il. Prudence and (*<)naiiicut Ulands in the Ilav, and 
Hloek Ulaml, at tin' entrance of Lonrr Inland Sound, belonn to this State.' The 
latter is drstiiutu of a harbour; the inhabitants, liu;u in number, are chiefly ft^h- 
erinen. 



STATK OF CONNKCTICIT. 

I 'I'm-. S!:iie is iMxtmb d in ihi* n-'rtb by ^lass.irfiu-i its, soiiib by f^nni; Kl.ind 
.'*'■- •.!|»«5. iM-l by Kh'iile |s|,iui. :iiil west b\ New V-Tk. It is 1»0 miles in ien)rib, 

, 7«i inilt< iti brr:i'itb. and iMiii.iiiis ITfii s-pi.tn* nubs. Tlif priii«*ip.il rivern are. 
!!.•• r. 1,11. ,-iiii:i. IIiu-:it.'iii'*, Tb.iuK s, r.triiiini>toii, aed N.iiK.Mt'ick. 'Hie f.tce 
. t' In- c. iiiit[\ Is i_N If r.iiiy liiilv, ai.il. in fbi* i.>irtii-wt>irrii parts, monntaini«ii». 
Tin ••"il Is 'Oi -d. -.iipl tip' iij«i«istriMiis inh.iliM.iiits b.iv** m-i iii'irb.cii*«i its cultiva- 



nj.NNKtTICTT. Ifi7 



;ioii. 'VU*' \.i!!f'V "t* ('oiiii« I'tuuit Kivrr, Irtiiii MuldU'iowii t» tlic n« rth( rii (>• m d- 
iiry < I tiif Si-iti*. !•« :\ luxnn.iiit iiiradnw, rlitqiitrcii by i><iti'li« s •'! wIhmI. ri-ni, 
mA i'ilt> r jr.i:ii. Sm:iic iiln-r p.irts nt' iIh' Suiw art' will riiliivaliii itinl Irmlliil, i 
.f..l *• nil- purl. "IIS .in- luMiiiiI-.ii. as well (ti^iu ilii* ^il'ts ul' natiirt' as ilu* i in prove*- | 
lui-iii't I i ari. 

'I'r'f I'iiH-l' pr'HluriioMs arc lii>iJaii t'orii, ryi'« wlirat, in Jiiany pari;-, oats, liaili'i', 
lii.rkuiii.il. tl.i\ ill lar^f ijiiaiiliiii >. ^1*. Orphan's art- ijiiiiu n>iis, aiiil riiirr !« 
mail iif I \p •rlilifii. 'I'iir Sialc H. Ipimcvt r, 'j[fiii-rilly briti r ailaplod to \ir.i/Aiin 
lli-iri nil 1^1', and iN !iiii* iniai'ouM and pasUiri-n ctialjlr ihi* t'ariiu r Ui t'et-ii |;r«*dl ! 
iiiiiiiIm r-t f{ III It rattlf. ii>Tsi-.*.. and ^)l(■l•p. 'i'lii> i(iiaiitity nf builiT and cIiii-m', ; 
ai.t.n.illy iiiidi-. i^ i;ri-at, -.ind nt* wril-knowii cxi^'llriict'. I 

'fill- uiialr .i!i<i i>iit«r f'i?«li> rU-s art* rarririt^un iriiin M-vrrai ul* the p>irts in this ■ 
^lair ; and t:i« n an- van .iMc ^h.id fii^hrii* ■< ••n tin* larL'cr riviTs. | 

Thr p. p.ilition. in i:-.Hi. uas -JT^t.'Mfi: in I'^IIU, *J31,<HI*J; in IHIO, 'JGI.'.ilO ; 
III I^Jit. JTri.-JI- ; 111 \<Ui. -Jtil.TI I ; in l-l«». :UMMii:i. Ol' ilnm-, I 1-*/^^ wiit' ; 
whi'.c II. all a; I 'lii.O.'ii* udi:-' t'('iii;;l<>s ; li***^! \m re iVi**' culi'iind inah-s; I'JTJ ire** , 
^-■iio.itd t'nii.il* ^. r.'.ii)l<<\t-l III airriiM.liurf. .'ii'uli'.i.'i ; in riMiiiucrct'. 'JTlIi; in. 
siiiiMit'ii-tiiri-i^ .111-1 trader. 'J7.1K:'J ; in iia\iL!>itiii.! the im'imh, *.*TlKi; do. riviT.'« and , 
•■.in.il*. \'i\ ; in ih- liarn-d pr-it't-"!'".!.* and i'iiiiim*»-rs, hilC 

.\''>' ■r>:iii^ t • li.f ri'ii*.!.*. i:!' I -1«>, Um n- win* in tin* Nlatr. .'! 1,0^0 h'TM-fi and . 

II lii-H ; •j;{'».i;;iii •„ It (Miih ; iiCS.IsT thii p; IIU,:^!! .'•wini*. Thrn' win* pnn 

.i...'il -T.iHi'.i liL^lifN t'\ wh'-at: 7.'!7.l-'l •■!" ryr: .'l.'i.T.V.I uf harlry ; l,.'»<KMn ] 

:' Ii:i:iii mrn; :iii.'<.nt:» ••!' Iiiii-k\v!:-..t ; l,t;>:Vjr*-J of' ifai-t; .1, 1 1 r/j;{H uf ]*>ila- = 

It.,; •'•*:•. -7i» poin.ds «•! Willi; I71.i'i.'>7 •f l'ibaoi*i>; I'Jti.TiU tons oi" [my ; • 

)7..'k1'« P i.lii-U "• s:lk •! •n-o. Tiic pr>Nhi<'ls •<!' thr dairy aiiiiMinti'd to$I.n7ii.'i>! i, 

.iitd "t" lln- nr-li.i:.l t'l $J:'''i.'J.'i«*; ihr valuf i I' liinihi r was ^1I7.*»1I ; and •JGUo " 
•4.i:!-iii.s I't' Willi* wi ri' tn.n'.f. 

'I'lir i'\p .:■-. "t iii^ M ilf, ill I'^IO. a.ii'iii.T.'.l ti :a.'>|s,'JlO; and tin; i:npnrls lo 
SJJ7.H7: < j'l: II rmpl 'Viil in in li-in ih'^. Sl,:M|.riin. 

Tin- I. II.. i. J.-ii-* ft t '•■niii iMii'i.i aif Kiill ninfi' rxii n^ivi' than its c.'nnin ri*r. 

II •iii'.'-:n till- ■ r t i:nil\ ni.iiiiil*i>'iiiri -« aiiiiMH. !•■•!. in I^lo, to !^'J.(i.li>'2 ; tln-n* wi-rc 
ir.i w • III n ni.iin:l'n*l>rir^, pr.id>ii*in:r articlis lo thi* aiinaiiit il' k-J, l'.ll.;U.1, en.- 
pi ■un«; a r.ipi: il of «I.'«.*{I,.'i.".'i ; I hi ••..li..ii I'.n-l-.rifs pr-JMi-nl arlirlt-s t> tin* 
.i!ii-Mii:t »it' * -\7 1. '•/•»■. 1. .iiiil I'l.ployiil ac.tpil.il ■■!" sS'M.'rJ.O'iO ; |«H *.addlr. ^hiw, 
.ml o»|i. r I'M'.l.i r rn.ini.r.n'i -rn »•. pfMlnml artii-!»-< to thf anf»jini ".f *'J.t»l7.1''U, 
•'.iii'I"\in: a r.. it.il ii;" >t-0:», .•<i7 : vi s^i-U w. u h'lil' to tin- am- ;iil if ><l'i*»,I)On. 

' Thi* lol.il iiMi' ill I I' c.ipil.il I .'iipi iM ! ill lii'.niit'at'lcri -o i.i lln- Sla'.i' w.i< •^IK,- 

T.'iis Nlil'- 1. 1-. !{ •• -llf/i *. \ i\" <'i'il» :•"•,. I*. Ni w II jvi-n. !'• lii.did in I7'n, 
IS .III "1' I'n- '■I'"«--t r ll"U' -i III I'.t- I 'siiti •! Ni .:• -. WnHlMii^lnii I '"ll' •;••, at 1 1 irl- 
rnrd. i< i.ii! r !'n' d.r* ••li-ui i-i" iln* KpisiMj.iIi.u;.;. I'mi-li'l ni I*""-'*!. Thi* Wrs- 
livi^n Iniv. r?^My. t.-.n-iid in i*-;!!. i-* inidi r ilir diT'i'liiii if tho Mi-ili- 'di-ts. In 
l-l«». thi- ihr »• fi'l!. .M < l..ni 7"«» ■«!i dt iit»», uvt*' th.ni iw n-iliirils if wli- in w»ri», 

III Y.-.l*' ('■ ll« .'f : i!-.i r« w«ri- r,'T ai-.idfniit ■< md •.»r.itiiin:ir-M In" N. with HN'» 
sTinii nt-*. Tin* lu "l i-ri'ii'^wd . t" !!n ■.!• iin* H.n'on \i' i«!f uiv, al J 'nl'-lirHti r, and 
tin- l"'pl!«''''pal \i' nliinv. :.t <'ht-hiri'. Tin r« wi-n* liil'i i-« im:i."|i atiil prnnarv 
«»rh'»-is, wrii iJ.'i.7*t!* -rin-l ir-; .'i-ti I" r-"ii»*. ovi r -*•» MMr** « \ aji*. roiiM ni-iiht-r 
rrad imr writi' ; !h«- liM-it nunihrr in pr«';"«r!i>ii to its ii.ln'-i: iii?n in .my STatr in 
ihf I'lii-'n. Thi"* ."^i ill* ha-i tin- ii-'- ■^^t »""h • l-ii nd in pr"pi»riion to il-* p-ipulation 

! ««f anv Stall- in lln I ni"n ; it .iiti i.n' .". i.'i I- I'J. !■' yj,n| l.li.M. 
' Tin* priiii'ipil f ;.-.'i!<;'. di n-Misn ili-'iis ;:i» i;.-- (*oinjri-_Mli'>i..i!i'>N, Hapli<l«, 
I M*thitiii'*i'«. Kpi'^-'-p i1mii<(, Willi .1 I' w Uiin...n < '.:iiiii|ii><%, I i;iv« r-aii>i-. aini I ni- 
' t.iri.in<<. In l-.'M. I'.i* t '-'iiLiri ij.ilii n.ili.sls h -..1 ••.'i'J rhnrfln s, •J71 iniui-lir'*, and. 
j ••".». .'»7'.» r- •nun iMiii-anN : tin Hapii^K h nl I»'J rl:i.rr|nH, 77 inini^ti tn. -.n..! in.n.'JO 
' ''oniinnniranls ; iln* M*-tli«<-!i<*i*i had 7't iiiiiii>ur'* : tin- FIpiM*'>p.iltai.'« hid iinr 
bisliop and ti.*< iniiiisirr'«. 

Tin' rliii'f w>rI;-» i*f inti n.-il nnproviinf nt in < 'i>nin I'lirut arc. ihr rarininiiinn ; 
can.il. i-xN iidin-^ iVoin Niwllavfii lo Ni-rlh.'.nij i« n. M.i«.n.. 7- nul* >; ihr nil- 
f'la.i fn-ni Stoniiril. n to Pr'-MdiinT. !.'• iiiiU's, ^*} •» t\\ in lii' -df KI n d ; it. is work 
I'ltsiin'i'ts null tin- l.^wn Nlainl rii!-r>Md .ii l«ri €*iipori, h\ a -:> .iiii fi-rry »f •■I 1 



C 



168 UNITED STATES. 



miles. The Norwich and Worcester, 59 miles. The New Haven and Hartford, 
36 niiles ; now extended to Springfield, Mass. The Housatonic, from Bridgeport 
to West Stockbridge, Mass., 96 miles. The three last connect with the great 
rail-road systrm leadinfr from Boston to Buffalo. 

New Haven, a semi-capital of the State, is situated on a bay of the same name. 
l*he harbour is safe and spacious, but it is shallow and CTadually filling up. The , 
city is TC'<ruiarlv laid out and neatly built : many of the nouses have fine crardens: ' 
some of the principal streets are bordered by rows of shade trees, and the princi- 
pal square is finely ornamented in the same manner. Among the public buildings 
are the Stau^house, the State-hospiuil, the I lalls of Yale College, ten churches, 
&c. One of the wharves here is 3943 feet in length. The coasting and foreign 
trade of New Haven is considerable :» steam-boats and packets keep up a regular 
communication with New York ; and there are some extensive manufactories of 
firc-anns, carriages, &c. Population, 1*2,960. Bridgeport is a thriving town near ' 
i the mouth of Housatonic river, with 4570 inhabitants ; it contains 6 churches, *2 
; banks, a number of manufacturing establishments, 8 academies, and 13 schof>ls. 
! The capital employed in manufactures amounts to half a million dollars. The 
I Housatonic rail-road commences here. In the interior are Danbury and Litcb- 
j field, with some manufactures. 

j Hartford, also a semi-capital of the State, is built on the west hank of Con- 

j nccticut river. It stands in a fertile district, abounding in neat villages, which 

enjoy the advantages of numerous mill-scats and easy communication with the 

• sea ; pi>pulation in 1840, 946S. Steamboats run daily between Hartford and New 
i Y'ork, an<l several small steam-packets and tow-boats are employed on the river 
j above. The principal branches of industry are printing ana publishing, shoe- 
j making, the manufacturing of saddlery, cards, and wire, wearing apparel, &c. 
: Among the public buildings are the State-house, city hall, 13 churches, 5 banks, 
j savings bank, &c., the Asylum for the deaf and dumb, retreat for the insane, &c. 

I'ho Asylum for the denf and dumb, the first institution of the kind established in 

• America, was founded in 1816, and has about 140 pupils, who receive instruction 
in various branches of us«^ful learning, and acquire a knowledge of the useful arts. 

; Washington College, forndcd in 18*24, has 7 professors and 7*2 students. 

Midiilctown, a few milrs below Hartford, is accessible to vessels drawing ten 
feet of watt r, and its coasting and foreicrn trade is considerable. The situation of 
; the town is pleasant, and the houses and public buildings neat Its manufactures 
com prist; irotton and woollen goods, powder, cordage, paper, machinery, &c. : 
populntinii, 3511. Saybrook, at the mouth of the Connecticut river, was the first 
spot ociriipicd by Kuropr^ans in Connecticut, and the ground was regularly laid 
out for a large city ; but the anticipations of its founders have not been realised. 




mutactunng 

city. The water-power is ample, and is extensively employed. Then* are in the 
township 17 mainifartiirinir establishments, H churches, 4 hanks, &r. Population 
of the city, 470U; of tin; township, 7*239. Stoniuirton, in the south-east corner of 
the Slate, has a oonNiilerable number of vessels engaged in ihu whaling and seal- 
ing business. Population, 389"^. 



MFOOI.E STATES. 

Thk MiT»r[ K Sr\TKN are bounded on the north by Canada, ih»^ river St. Law- 
renee, :iii«i l..ikrs Ontari.i ai.d Krie; south by Virj»inia; east by the Atlantic 

. Ocean and \i \v Knffl.ind ; we>t by the State of Ohio and Virginia." A< a regi<>n, 
th«? Mbidle Siatj s r.-nifri^e Niw York, New Jersey, Penn«»ylvania, Maryland and 

. Di'hw are : ii rxtmdK, fr«»in north to siiith, abotit 490 miles, and from east ti» west. 



, 



UNITKD HTATES. 169 



1 



'MM^ inilofi, with an ■m of 115,000 square mile?, and occupies one of the finest 
{Mrtu of the l.^nion. 

Tin* wirfiici* pr**«»nl» o\t*TY varioty of mountain, hill, phi in and valley. The 
Apfnlnrhmn. iir Alh'i^hany i<anf;«\ extendi tliroiif^h thiH reirion, fnnn south-wesit 
til III irth-oa.it, in nevenil parallel rui^ii, which allainA in PrnnKvlvania itii widest 
iiiiiits: none of thene, hnwevcr, reach the elevation of the hiphest mmmita of the 
H!ii«' Uiili:»* in North (*arulin.i, or the White MounlainM in New Hampshire. The 
AlloL'hony ih irenerally covernl witii fureat^. and contains many wild mlitudea, 
M'Moiii trmiden hy tht* fiiot »f man. aflonlinj; ahelter to various species of game. 

Tht* iwM pnuninrnt rivem of the Atlantic mictions of the United Stateft Hre in 
till.- ri-if:iin. The Hiidivm and Delaware rank amongst the motft important and 
iiM-tiil of our naviLmhle Htroaniii; but the SSusquehannah in, notwilhstandinjv iu» 
U'liL'th, but little available wilhuut the aid of artificial navi^tion. 

Th'- niin«'r.il pruduriions are vari<iUH and valuable. Uituminous and anthracite 
('•Mil, .'•fver.il kindu of mm tiro, salt, Imie, excellent buildinjr materials, and clays 
i ii-iftul in th<* art^, sre aiiiunt; the treaauren in which it ahoumlK. Mining induflry 
j Irio ui-'i'iircil lurifcTtanro trtmi thi* activity and siicceH;* with \% hie h it has lately 
tf'rn piiHhi*il; auii the public witrkit of t!us section are particularly remarkable for 
tip'T nuuilMT and maj^nitude. 

In ."encral the wiil is fertile, and parlirulnrly favourable to the production of 
•'Vi>ry s|M>cirs of i^rain: whf>ut is the pnncifvii object of culture: tobacco is exten- 
sively rai*ivd; alro Indian cum, rye, barley. &c. Tiie fntits common to the lem- 
[I'Riti* rerfiiiMs are abiindaiit, and of excelh'nt quality. The commerce of the 
Middli* Stat»>s IS exti*ni*ive, and chiefly carrird on tlirourrh the cities of New York 
.iiid I*hilail**Iphia, to which it centrtM ; the trade, howevi-r, of a considerable part 
nt* P(*nn>ylvania and Delavvan* fViws tn iLiltimore. Manufacturinff industry is 
rarri'Hl t<i a CTcatvr extent, in pnipiiriion tn the population, than in any part of the 
rniitil Stairs, exci'ptinj; New Kn^^land ; it employs a vant amnuDt ui capital and 
laUiur, and atf^irds froiierally a competent reinuneratiim to ihnu.inndri ot' lioth sexes. 
Tlie .Middle States were orij^inaliy setthrtl by ptHiple of various countries, liiv- 
sn:; diffiTent habits tee liuffH, and opinions: socii'ty, thi'n.'ture, do(*s not prnveas! 
tii.-it uniform character which aiiniils of a (feneral descriplion. The people have I 
not that unity uf t'celin;; and inf^rest uhich is ol)served in the New FInipland and 
S Mil horn SLites; and the only reason fur their bcini; classcHl toffether is their 
r.>nt::;nity : th^y feUhiin unite fur any public pur|Ni6e, ami there seems to bi* but 
Iiitl«* ^yI^p^lby or common feel in?, which prompts thoni to act in concert for pub- 
lic arliiir". The i:n.*al bmly is uf British descent, but in New York and Maryland 
lli-Ti' an* many (ieriiians; and in Pennsylvania thry are tn numi>nius as to con- 
I st.iMti\ III s line ri*^]>t^rtf, a srparali* community, retaining thmr own lani^ua^e, and 
I \yf\i\ff otVn ijrnorant of Kufflish. In New York and New Jersey there are many 
div^mdants nf the ciri;:inal Dutch Ketllers of New AmsTenlam ; and in some sec- 
tions tbe Dutch lan;;u:i>;o is partially .--iviken. 

.\\\oT tho clost^ of the ri'Vnlutioiiar)' war, the einiirralion fnwn the Now En^fland 
Si-iti'<i int>i Ni'W York continued to si.'t k) »lrim:;!y tor many yfar-i, tluit a iii.ij(v 
riiy of the pres««nl |ii;pulatiun of that State* are natives of New Kn^land, or their 
dcM'i-iidants. There is alsu a lar;;e bwly of New Kni;land emigrants in Pennsyl- 
v:oii.i. I'ijpulaiion vl' the .Middle S^latcs, in 1H30, •l,131,*J-'^ti ; in IblU, 5,1 Ib.UTG » I 
uf whom t)7,77s were slaves. 



STATE OF NEW YORK. 

TiiiN r;rt\it Sutt*, the most flourish in;;, wealthy, and populous in the Union, 
roriiliiniu!; with alnuist un(M]ua1le<l natural advantatrps of stjil, internal navij^ation, , 
ai)i! pa«y access by sna, public works exc^cuted on a scale of im|H*rial grandeur, ' 
••xliihtts one of those amazinj; examples uf gfrowth and prosperity, that are Biien 
nowhere on tbo tjlijb** bf*yond our own burderti. 

.New Yiirk 19 the ni'tst northern of the Middle States:, and is bounded north by 
I«-ik** Orit.irio, the Si. I^wrence Kiver, and I^jwer Canada; east by Vermont, | 



170 UNITED STATES. 



Massachusetts, and Connecticut; south by the Atlantic Ocean, New Jersey, and 
Pennsylvania; and west by Lake Erie, Penn^^iylvania, and the Niajrara rivtr. 
Lencrth, 31G miles; breadth, 301 ; containing about 4(i,000 sijuare miles. 

This State forms a portion of the elevated table-land nf the I'nited Stafp. 
broken in some places by mountainous ridges of inconsiderable elevation, and 
containing some remarkable depressions, which form tlic basins of lakes, cr the 
channels of tho rivers. 

The principal rivers are the Hudson, St. Lawrence, Delaware, Sufsquehanna. 
Alleghany, Genesee, Nia^ra, Oswego, and the Mohawk. A part of the lakc-^ 
Eric, Ontario and Champlain, are in this State. The other principal lakes an' 
Lake George, Cayuga, Seneca, Oneida, Oswegatchie, Canandaigua, &c. 

The soil in the maritime part of the State is sandy, in the middle beautifiilly 
undulating, and in the western and southern division remarkably level, rich, ar.>i 
inclining to alluvial formation. 

Iron ore is found in inexhaustible quantities, and of n good quality, in the tu nh- 

eastern part of the State ; it occurs also in some of the central, eastern, aiid <i.-iith- 

western counties. Lead is found in some parts; also gypsum, in tho ci-i.tnil 

counties, where it is extensively used for agricultural purposes. Limestone liki- 

i wise occurs. Salt is procured in abundance from the Onondaga salt-spriniis. in 

I the township of Salina ; the brine is conducted to Salina, Syracuse, and cthir 

neighbouring villages, where the salt is obtained by boiling, by solar evaporatii^n. 

'and by artificial evaporation, 15 gallons of water yielding a bushel of salt. T\.v 

i well-known springs of Ballston and Saratoga are partly saline, partly phalyJMas-: 

.and the water is exported in considerable r|tiantiti('S, nut only to other Sia'ti s. hu: 

to Inreign countries. In the western part of the State then* are burnint; sprir.-- >. 

j yielding rarburctted hydrogen, which is applied to economical uses in the m-iah- 

ibourini; villa(;es. 

Wheat is the great agricultural stiple of the State, and Hour and provisim* nri 
largely exported. The manufactures an^ extensive and Hourishing^. The cn^iit.tl 
employed in that branch of national industry, in 1^10, was over Sori.OOO.iHHt. ii;- 
: dependent of home-made articles produci'd to the amount of more than $LCOfMr(H». 
The cotton and woollen factories alone employed a capital of about $S,t<io.i^ni>. 
and produced articles to the value of near 87,200,000. 

The commerce of New York is on a gn-al scale, as, beside supplying her aw n 
wants, and exportini; her surplus productions, she imports a large; share €>( li.t 

:foreiirn articles rnnsumcd in the nei^rhbduring Atlantic Statis, as well as in ni;ii:\ 
of the Wrstern SiaieH, to \\liieli her natural and artificial channels o( rntiUMn i- 
r^ition give her access ; and Iht great cnniinrroi.il rmpnrium is the outlet l'« r tin 

I produce of the same regions. 

Tlie iidr.ibitants consist in part of the drscendiinls of the oriMiisal Dtich si iilr r-s. 
who have at j»rrsent, howevrr, lost in a jjreat miasure tlu ir ii:.tii'nal chaiiirttr:*- 
' tics, and the liescendants of the (lermun pataiinrs, who reuiovrd thiihtr in ihi- 
beirinnini; of the last im ntury, wiTh somo enii^mnts from (iri'al Britain, and oihir 
European comuriis. Hut the mass of iln- pmph- :ir«' ef Niw Kr.ular.il crinin tr 
descent, and they arc favnunibly distin>j:uishid for enlerjTisi', intelligtnci, arui 
virtue. 

The pi.puhnioii in KOO was :nn,120; in Ij^OO, r»S(",(i:,0; in HlO.n.V.l.O-ll*: ii. 
1-^JO, I.:17J,^^10; in \<UU I.Dn.fiOH ; ainl in l^H^.*J.1•Js.li•JI. Of these, -.-in,'!-::* 
wer«' whiitMitiili s. and ^l(i,'J7r> whiteftinuU s; ('11.35 weriToIiiun-d niaK'S,nnd i"'l'> 
coloun-i! t'l'inali's. Einployi'd in agrirultun*, l.'ifi.I^S-l ; in cnmmrrc**, •iJs.Iti?* ; in 
nianufiicturi s and Iradrs, 17.3,IIK'<; in niinini:, L^'.N; in n.iviitatini; thi- •»*».ui. 
5.'ill ; iii.>. I:ikrs, rivi-rx and riinai^, 10,1(>7; ii« the li'arnrd priitrs>ii-iis, I LI 1 1. 

Tin TO wi-ro in tlie Stitf, nrconlinir to the census of I^l(», ■I7ri.ril3 In fmn ai>i! 
nnslos; l.'.Ml.-JII niat cuiilo ; ,'>.Mh.777 shn-p ; LmMt.lM'i.'i v\iiiii-; pou!ir\ t>i ih« 
vi'uiMil jftl.l.VM 1.'!. TluTi" wore priulucid, l*»VJSii,lls hushil-iofvihf.it; Ci^Tlt^-'Jii 
of rvr ; |n.!»7'J.'J''i*i "f InHian cMrii ; t.\.VJO,0(»0 of barley ; 0.">7.^^.'i nl" hm kw 1 1 ..; ; 
:m.l-j;i,r.l l of poini.Ms; •»>i:>,*j;».'i pnumls i.f mooI : l'o.01*..l01i t.f .sn^ar; I I7,"j:i:» 
of h'lps; ITn,*! lif^ilk r'M'.'ons; .'1.107,017 tons of hay ; nvA ll.'iO ff hemp or tl.^x. 



172 



UNITED STATF:S. 



.1 



to Utica ; the Black River canal, 33 miles in length, from Rome, on the Krie 
canui, to litirh Falls, on Black river; ami the Genesee Valley canal, from. 
Rochester to Olcan, on the Alloihany river, 107 miles. 

Beside the works constructed hy the State, the principal canal made by a pri-| 
vatc company is the Delaware and Hudson, extending from the mouth of Round- 1 
out creek, on the latter river, to Port Jervis on the Delaware, up that river to the 
mouth of the Lacka waxen, and alonj; the latter to ilonesdale, in Pcnnsvlvania ; 
total lenirth 109 miles, of which 2(3 are in Pennsylvania. From Honeadaie a rail- 
road runs to the coal-mines at Carbondale, a distance of 16 miles. 

The followin<r are tiie principal rail-roads completed in the Stale of New York : 
From Albany to Schenect;idy, Iti miles; from Schenectady to Utica, 78 miles: 
from Utica to Syracuse, 53 miles ; from Syracuse to Auburn, 3G miles ; from 
Auburn to Rochester, 78 miles; from Rochester to Attica, 44 miles; from Attica 
to Buffalo, 36 miles. All the foregoing roads form one continuous line from 
Albany to Buffalo of 331 miles, and, in connection with the rail-road from Albany 
to West Stockbrid<re, Ms., of 3S miles, and thence to Boston, 162 miles, the whole 
forms a splendid connected rail-road of 531 miles in length. The other chief rail- j 
roads in the State extend from Schenectady to Saratoga Springs, 32 miles ; from . 
West Troy to Schenectady, 20 miles; from Troy to Ballston Spa, 23 J miles;; 
from Hudson to West Stockhridn\ Ms., 33 miles; from Brooklyn to Greenpon, 
90 miles; from New York to White Plains, 39 miles; from Corning to Dloss^ 
bupr. Pa., 40 miles; from Butfalo to Niagara Falls, 23 miles; from Lockport t^ 
Niafrrira Falls, 21 mih'i^; from Ithaca to Owerro, 29 miles; and from Piermont 
to Dunkirk, on lake Erie, 41G miles: this road is fmished and in use from Pif;- 
mont, about 45 miles. 

The city of New York is the largest, most wealthy, and most flourishing of all 
American cities; the greatest commercial emporium of America, and, after L' e< 
don, the greatest in the world. 

No city in the world possesses equal advantages for forei^rn commerce and 
inland trade. Two lon^ lines lif canals, stretching hack in every direction, have^ 
incrc'ised its natural advantajres, and rendered it the great mart of an almost inde-| 
finite extent of country ; while its facilities of communication with all parts of the 
world have made ii tiic tlioroi](;iitare of the same vast region. The progress ef 
its population has never been paralleled : in 1790 it was 33,131 ; in IHIO, 96,373; 
in 1830, 2o:j,007; and in 1^40, 312,710; or, including Brooklyn, nearly 350,000. 

Now York is well-built and reirularly laid out, with the exception of the oI»ier 
part, in wliieli tlu; streets are crowded, narrow, and crooked ; hut this now form^ 
only a small portion of the rity. It is eliiefiy as a great mart of foreign and inland 
commerce that New York is most advantaireoiisly known. 

The arrivals from foreiirn ports are about 2000 annually, and of coasters near 
4H00. The passengers that arrived in 1843 were 46,302 in nuni^M*r, of whom only 
341 were Ainerieans. The imports in the same year amounted to 950,308,520, 
the exports to $23.4 10,336, and the duties colleetcHi to (tl 1,300,407. 'Hiere is a 
line ot' stt'am-paekeis to liivi-rpool, besides which there are lintf>ships that sail fur 
Liverpool fv«'ry five «lays, to Jjonilon e%-ery ten days, an<l to Havro every ri»riit 
days. Kt'i,rii|;ir Vnua nf pa<-kets ant also established to all the chief cities of ttuf i 
Tuiled Stales, tin; We->i Indies, and South America. Sieamb^t-linea to all the 
adjacmt maritime towns an? nunienum. 

Tle-n; are in New York 25 banks, with an agtrregate capital of more than 
$27.n(MU)00; several iiiarini? insurance companies, with a capital of about 
$3,111)0,000; 22 lire iiisur.niee companies, with a capital of about $ii,0O0.O0i), 
besid'S scver.il mutual insunince companies. There are 4 savings banks, 15 
nnrkfls, li liM-.itn <. a eirens, :in<l 2 nniiti'Uins. Among the public build- 
in.rs I'.n.- lb" Ciiy llill. a bandsmne rdi;ief of white marble, with a front of 21t» 
fiTi ; the II ill f!" t»e' riiivtrsiiy, a s|drndid buildinir, HO by UH> fert; the Hal* 
lit' ('. 1m:.:*ii.i Cnlliiii'; iIh- llnspit.il; tin- l-ity Lyceum; is.'i rburebi*; ihe \^V*t 
, IIm'k.'. \ v.ist ln»til « I" l^-.iinry L'r.tniii', 200 lii i by l.'»0, and 77 fei-t bi^h, cuntiin- 
iijj ::'.'.» r-Miis: iIm- Al'ii-^liii'i-^i* at !*( Ili-viif. i>n Kist river; the iVniteniiary 'tn 
ni.iik\%' ITs Kliiii. in till' ^:i:i:e ivi r, >ev« r.il iu\U> \'to:n the eitv ; tli#« ru^t.'Ui- 



( 



*ji«iHi-, :• • 'i-'^int biiiliiiri'^. 177 Ufl li»nj( hy -!.» \* i«if, •••■i Uu* iiimIiI tf i!,- IV.r- 
?*i«i» 'Ti ; • . iji'W K\«*!i.inv;»*, rif'-nily i ri-i'l«i| iii pl.u'f i>i ihr unt' iIi-hIi y : h\ t'lu 
I'l l-*'-.'>; liii* ilall i>r Ju>liri\ tiiiilt in tin* K^ypiiaii ?>t\Ii', nml usuully «*al!i.>l ilu- 

T- II»f>H. 

Tilt' hrnt'Ti'lcnt 4ni*it'tii'9 .ir<* uuiiii rnus .ind wi-ll supnorifii. Thry cniprise a 
h 'M'lti], uiiii uhit'h H mnncrUMl a luiiiitic umiIuiii, ;it ni>K>iiuiii;il.iIi-; a h •••pital 
.It fit lii'vui'. t'lr thr hii'k niul iii^iitt> luior, <''>niii'cii-il wiili thi' oUy . hno.hMU*ir; 
liiri'*' iiio|M-n».irii'n: an iii'»tiiiiUon tnr the bliiul: i<iir t'cr tlif ilrat' ami I'.uuili; auu 
.1 jjn-.il iiMiiiS' r I'f orphiui aHvlum**, rfluf ans-vi-itiMns, I'llucaticin. Ui\A*; iiml tr;u"l 
- .«'iiii«'-*. Kr. Nfiiht'r Is Nrw Y««rk lifliiml Iht ^l■*I^f run s m h« r lii« nry an*! 
^tM.i)!i!',>* I'oU^ili-^hnii'iiU. Iloiifc l\\t' iMliiiMti'iii.il iiiHiitiitioiH ulriMiiy tiii-n!it>iii-tJ. 
!li" Ills* -ri-Ml S.-.-n-iy, i\\v \i»« York Sm-i. l\ l.it>r.!ry.uiih lO.iKiO v. lw:i.i*; tjji 
l.\ •■ .:u -t \ a'lr.il lli<itirv. :iim1 Um* Am* tiimii I.iri!] u, l..i%i |";!-'i*lir.! s. :iu 
\ I' s.il'li- jnjHTs; ulii'.i- ihi* Mi-rr uit''.f l.iliriry A**- ri.if. ii, uiil luv A|ipri« u«*i'!i' 
Ij'iriry. -^Ii-'W ili.it tin- iik rrh mis .'.ii»! in* rli.ii»n ^^ v.tc n.^i nt.ii.Vfniii lu il.-. iiiUlitc- 
!i: il inipr-Vi iiH'iit nl* ihi-ir i.'Itrk'* .nl appnuiuM •.. 

Til' r«- AT*' lii^Ti- :i1mi .III AtM-lf.iiv of l-'iin" Art", aiul :iii A«'a«!iiiiv i»t* l)t>i m. 'V\\o 
\'\:' ri'" '.n I:i*:.t>jtr. !-r iKi* pr -iiiMti ^n i T «li«iii«<iii' iiiiiu>:ry I y l;n ili-.iri'H;ii »u i-t' 
, :• !;i;!;:iiH :>ii ! • ihtr P u.iliis, h •lii> jruiual lair^ i -r tiir ixi.ilnUvit (,t' ;i.* pri.<!i<<*ts 

■ :' \Mti ri-Mii iii(iiiHtrv. 

'J'lif in 'ot ^plf ii>ii*l Wiifk uiiili rukf-n by ili** ciiy rnrptiration in iln^ (Voton 
\V.it(r-wiirk!<. An awufJuct buili ul* Mmie anii Nriok r'<nv«'V4 ttu* \\;>.i*r tit' tlir 
1 'r>it"n rivi r to ihr city. It ruiiiiiifnri h tivo inili'S t'ruiii ili«* lliiiU<>n, at a d:im 
iiui'i m 111*' nviT t'-T the piirpoAi' i»f cnatiiii; -i supply, and ivhirli riMit.iiii.s r»liO 
iiiiiii>'n i:.ii:>>n». The .i<(iii-tliiot is Ui tiiilrs |i>ii:j, ha4 :i di ^ofiit ot'ah<<i:i l.'i inrhcti 
pt r iiiili. .will will <liS4*li.ir<.rL> lid iniilion iT'tliitn^ vl viat*r in *Jt Imtirs. The re- 

■ • 1^1112 n -rv" i:, l\%'» iinl«-* iVimii Ih- fity. «*"V« r«* li.'y \\*'r» •», an"l r<iilain< I.'O mil- 
){ 'fi i;.iil"n"». Tiu- •'ri't'-n uai»T in •■I'llu- jmn •■t kind «•!" rivi-r uai»'r, ai.d \< m\\Ti*, 
rii ii! I.I «'>:pp1y a p>'piil.i'.i>'n tivi- tiiiii'H .h iimiii-Mim as tli.it < t' \i w V>irk. It is 
•M:riid t< .i!i p.iris vl the city in ir>)M pi{M'M, laid de« p entiu<;h to Im* ur.atTi rtrd by 

Ttir i'iiy lit' nr"<klyn. '^n I.'>i;;» Island, uppn^iii' to N'rw Yi»rk, is ^itintrd 
•Ml a nsiiti; ifr-iund uliu-ti ciTninand** an ajn'fMli'.f view, and it pariakt-s in 
till- •■••iiiiii« .'t-i.il ai'tiMty and i»r»sp«Tity "I* it«* r.ti^fbhoiir. IIiti* is* a navv-yard uf 
til.' I'mti I Siatts, ^n Wallab.'Ut llav. Thin- an- in Jln-wikivn lU) rhiirrlu s. ' 
.'i banks, 3 irjMiranrf rr»nip:inK"4, K**. Sitmiii fi-iry-boats arc conHlantly run- 
ning aiT'ixi iii«- Kast rivrr to Ni.w \ f-rk, and a r;ul-ri>ail «'\li*iii!4 to lint-npi-rt, iMl 
iiiilt-s, :il tho c.isv nt I nd if l.nni! Isl.md, which Inrin-* a p>^r!i"n • I' tlic nrari-st 
r.:t.' I. M..V..M. P..piilaiion IM I'-.M, l.VUM ; an.l in l''|i». :ie;.j:i:«. \*i «i:l .'»«» 
mil' s abiivi- th'- t'liy nf N«'W York, ami on ih«> wrst Md»" t.i" tb»' llnds n. i** \\vnt 
l'i'!i.t. a 1*1 blirat«*d riii'iiary p«i!4l diifini; tbi* war iit' indt ]Mndini-t'. and n>>\v thr 
•«*m! .t' llif I'liiiid Stati's* Military Aradt-niy t'^r ib«» rdinMii-'n of ofTu't rs ui" ihi» 
army. \« wbiir-^h. iH niil»>4 .ib.ivf \\ i-ii |*.inl. and iqi ibr n-jhl liank, \\ii*i CiHM 
:nli I'Mtants. .in-l l'>M:jhk> I'pHie, It inil<*H biirhrr, on t.'ii* b t'l, uiib 7.'itNi. :iro nrat, 
:iiri\ini» viila„'i-.s, wita •* >n?»idiTab]f lrad»', and m vi-ral Mhips rnja.;rd in thi- wli:il#»- 
:i-*i» rv. .N»ar tin* b» ad -t" ship navi'^iiun, 1 17 iiiiU-s lr««in t*-.!- m a. stands tbi- city 
r Mi:<lN'in, un a «-.inihianilini; c*niiiK'nr«' itn tht* lelt bank i f' thf rivi-r. Its trid** 
■iiid iMan(ifai*t'.ir»"4 arc I'ltrnnivo and incri>asir.<^. and it ba<« * b-Vf n i«hip*t. with an' 
ajjriu'aii' '•( ali-'it liMKl tuns, imi(v'i>;is1 in thr whab-fisbi rv. Th»» nty i-* w< II 
I r.i ••lit .nid pnitily binlt. and tin- m i^*hbuurhL'"d pri-Ht-nts many rl.anuiii;; |»ro<i- 
p*sM-<. I'opulaiiMn in I*«IO, .'itI72. 

On thi» wi'sii m bank i-f ihi; lliid^'in nvi r, 1 fi mi!- s ab'Vp \t-w Y"rk, h ilu* 
rity "l" Albany, tli iMpiial, and, in p«»int o( siit\ ihp third nty ■ i' ihi» Stjti-. lu 
wi illh and tr.idf hivi* Im • n «jT«ally nu'fasM-d by tbi* Krii- and ('haiii]d;.inrai.:il^, 
whi'*h trnninatt* iii ;i Iari;i> ba^in in thf iiiy; aii'i it<« sii/.uti.in nndi-rs it a 
irreat ih'«roui;h!"ar»s n»»i only f»»r iradt-r*, bui aUo for travi !b is t-n ibc m ithi-rn 
f.Jiii'. It r-ntuiH «-v*>raI handsonir' public bi]ildin<;-i. ari.Mnu vibi-b an* lb** r.ipi- 
t I. a fin<* >t 'nt* rdifin*; thf Siati^hail, an«l the city ball, b 'th I'f uhiir n;aib!e; 
t'.f Aratlriny. of rod fnt'iilont*; 3Uchurrhr«, Kc. A niodioal rulb'i»e, ffinaie aca- 

16 




UNITTO STATESL 

demyi ud excbsnge, ua dtM imporOnt publii' huildtun. TwsiMjr * 
and My toir^iiBU phr t>ti\Wtt[Mi tliU city ami N»w York, Uid ibo ini'ii - i 
blacM on Ut« river. Uytlio Kriecaoalimd aconlinuauaKiieof nU-nm^B, ^ 
lU oiMiiiccleil with BufTiilo, ami iiliaie* (-xtensivel]! in Ihu imdii of ibt hr 'iV . . 

Ik* Chsuiptaln cnaiJ. it rrciivei Ih* irt.lc of ih« Nonli. lUil-i. 

— ' - . Saratoga, and nnothCT ffnal linn of niUrdaiU ('ituixla cj.i- 

PopuUJuulDlS10,33,T9r. TliAciiy of Tm,«U Riib» iil>.;t< \. ^ 
I on the opnoaiifi xiiio of tli* tiTCt. The Iroop sod manufaeLiin « i 
both DonaldaraMe. The ellj i» nguMj laid out ipd (.miMj '^i l, 
.lahllon in 1*440. I»,:i31. Nnnrly north from Alban;. at a dUiaacu nf ^ twl 
30 milaa toaptotivolj, %re the mont rr«tiienluJ of AniurirHn uatrjlnf 'pl*»s. 
Ballaton 8|>a and Saraloca. Al the easl«in> tnd of l.tiko Oalaii'i, al ilir hr^i of 
D deep bnj, i* Saekol'a llubovr, an imporunt mral xUliun daring tbe tliiw 
fciua wu; and on tha BiHrh river, 7 nillmt fruru lla mouUi, ii iba toortaliiDf 
litlo^ of Wnt«ri'>K-n, « ith about «M)0 inKabitnota. Tlie waiu^powit dnrirW 
from the rjrnr Ucompiitcid at 10,000 cubic ft^rli Iliv fall U '^tf f<n*t in « mile, and 
fonna so inuneutw hydraulic (lew^tr, tvhidi i* }mi br|[jnning to ba «aBJ [ hen an 
B numbnr of milla and faclorica of dlSWrcnt lunda. 

Up tlteTallny oT the Mohawk, and al'jne Uui Ibe of iha canal aad it* braacbMk 

9 ■ niimbor of cltim and lawni, v, hlcli bafo Kpnnff up, aa If b; vaehwdwcM, 

in Iha bMom of a wUilernrwi, ikhcDwiady, tliiea, HyraouM, Oawcfa, AolMtit, 

IthacD, SuDdca, Canaiulal|[ua, Itochr*!*;, Irfickpori, aul Uuffalo, an dw viion- 

- ' — - ' " ■ ' ■■ - ■ ■ - - ' ■ ■ ' - ' -1. - -^ .BUibj; 

extmaivo and incrfBuint trade. 
niBnufflFtitriia- It it tlie arut of L'niun Collt^, tinii of lh« principal mllif iak 
inatliiiilciiui In tha Sialv. I'lipiilatiaii In lbH\ CTd4. 

rpwHfda nfOII milr* nnrlh'Wcal fmn Albany, nn liit Eria caiml, u i)>' 'i' > i 

Utlra. tn ITVI, ibe apol cunlalntd i^nly f-iur kir fivf l'^ bou»<i«, !■ tli<- rr ■■■'- i 

wlh|prn»i: in 1H40, thv city bad d unpulalion of llll,7G!l asuU, tl> rlu>.i.r>. « 

„,..!.„.,.,. ,.(Tir>i« fn( th« driU of Iha Kupmne and tlniteil Stain'. (; mi u, m. n- 

' I'lTiin, ibe I'llra library. «p{<r«niirt<*' library. nuaMM, Protwuij 

iiNiillr iilpbui naaiunwi widTaridna nthcr ehnrttafcli iMIiiaIMM; 1, 

< > tnnk, muloal iiwimntvi orrnipany, and tGOO dwclUnp t ti 4au« < 

I iiMin tbo roiu;il(dan if tile KHa canal. 

^Iill nmliii wi-*l, i>n ttni f^nal, am lh« rillap^ of !^Illi>i Sjrvami, (Mdc*. 
Hnd l.ifcipoDl, till THi t/( tho OnunJntpt i«ilt-iprln({a, whJHi or* iha ptoMnj 
■' " ■■ '- • - ' ■ ... ,^ ,^ f^. 



luiy of fdx cent* a buahrl, bmI, ib Um nar 
of which ii aont tnii of ilir t^uu-. The 



fnlcurlrd biy tbr (fnnrial Ennminionl. Sinn> th« r-M-iiiiiij .'I (Im VVcUaMrf 
oraldi'ralilK piTnion i>f Itiu trade of th» upprr bliM. aa well m tlialrf 
l.ukv Oiiuii.i, riiirr* at Oau cuu, and liirirr> ivanllilM nf whrsi arp limcfhi is ■ 
ha uiDiinil hrr*. Th* pepiilniion nf ih« Tillntrn mnra than doublrJ betln** IfOP 
■nd IHIO, having: incnaanl ffiim OUT to lOOU InhabHanB. 

Itochwatai, •ItuatTiI on Ihn (Srna^n rlmr, aintn mtliu fram ili mcwtb, asid 

iTiTwi! by tliK llrip iMiml, U a flmiriiibin(; uiwn. The rltrr hw here a fall of 
upward* of 90 foet, and, a fi'w uillc* bflira . il dni»nit« by ■ fall bTTft fwel to ib* 
level (if Lah* OntariP. Thr tnUi>r-Tioitvi ihii« [inaluctHi la lmiM<fiir, anJ iJkib 
kfe now in the olly 93 Urup rioar-milu, amnt mtton and wonlUn niaBufattucm, 
■Dd a f mat Dunbct r>r nihnr minnfnrturinii laUibllibmrnU. The aqaediin ma 
dio tl»«( la upheld by Im arcbn cf hewn atone. Tli.i )...]uil,<Ti, n it.. irj»td f.-» 
15W in IR90. tu ao.lPI io IPIO The rily i- i i 

ninjl* h.inl, m'larTiin, n ^'.)b-Qi31v hialltul- . 

■ cily .if HulTil-, lit it* wiiiiiiti imiiiOBii' i 





NKW JKRSKY. ITA 

• ■n l.tk«' Krii . j»r- irrX' t\ liy .1 I'Miir pitT. TIk* fity i*» »f II huilt attti lliu ly Mtii.ttcil, 

• >%•'' ■ikii't; till i 1U1- ; .111-1 II I'i'iii iiii!( n f;r«'.it ihiihIiit nt' I.irij-i' M.>rf'!i«u:si-s uiid 
III in .!.ii't ri.'-. Tru- p >{>vii ili'iii in l^'JO wan '.VKO ; m l-.'JO. iiri'Jl ; ami 111 I'^IO, 
l*«.'.*KI. 'I'll'- 1 i'm -ir.ii!'- In VI ry i'\i» n^ivr. In 1"«17, linn* wi-ri' l»i:t •."» vr*ii!s, 
.ui I ii • -ti .iiii'i- It. • M l..ii%f Krii>; an-l in l*<lit tiu-v aiii<>iiiit> il i-i !»iiO alMopH, 

* I I 

••■•h.' •ii«r> .iiiii linj»«. .iii'l e'lO •.tr.iiiiJ>".i:i, in'»'«t lif wlnrli •XfttiJuI *JlMt (.•n^ hur- 
t;,>ii; 'Mf-ii!i- •>fVi ral >lii;»>. \i*. liuifiln runtiiiiA. in a(i*!iii- n t>> in iiiinu-rMU'i 
•■Inn-h'-i. I'll t \o*i iii«;i-, a l'i« :ilr»', «rph m aoylcin. ytnin-j int-n''* a«*>iMM:ili-n. ^«'. 
h'Mi-i. .ii till- Ih a>l •>! (*.iriii:.i L.ik**. inrnasiii its })«>pulatii)n from Xl'2\ 111 1^30, 
t I .'iii'iii III l*tti). Kv III*' Owr*ti> rail-n*aii. it i< ri^nncH'tinl with tin* Su^qm hnnna, 
iti'l. l*y ttir likf. wi'.ii till* Krir imh.iI .mil tiilf-MMtrr. Ua siHMtion ii liiLilily pir- 
tur< %<|->io. 'I'tii'Tr art' nunu roiis niaiiiiLu'luriiii^ tNtafilishint'ntt h«-re. 



STATK OF NKW J HUSKY. 

Til' Si ill .'f N. w J« r«»i'y in lMiinii««l n'-rili !'y Niw YmU, ra-t liy i*:it» Atl.intu 
*».•! .Ill .luil .\,.w ^ i.rk, N iiitli bv h» l.iuarr Uav. aiiii wt;*! |.v |N*nnsv!vania. Il is » 
I.':** n.!.'"* Ill II hijiii. ami .'»it niii«N 111 hri-aiith; ihi- nrra is aliuut lit^Mi si|'i:iri niilcH. 
'I*'.>- H il ..f iliii M.it«- iH n<l naiitraily ui-ll a<iaptrfl tn airruviliural piir.^iiil?*, murli 

• I !*'•• i.tii'l Imiii-j I Kiirr ^.iiKJy nr iiiar-hy ; vi't its pruxiiitity t*i tun i>i thr lar<ri-f(t 
:i. i;^> i- III i\if I ii^ti 1 Suiu-4, .nul till' iiiiliioiry nt' tlif iniiahitants. havr ri-mifn'ti 
a t \.''».iiiiji\ pf ii:*i.\r "rail «-^ri«i «»f ltum, iVuii-*, ami vi •»»'iatili-*, ri»niiii>*n to 
i.-.i •■!i:iiiii'. Si w Ji r>< \ iH littt-r^f rill! t>y many navitjalilf rivtr<i, anil li.is niirnpr- 

■i< »!ri'.!in-« t<>r iiiil!^. ir<ii-\i>'rk'«, aifl t \'< ry spines uf niannfartiin-f* rtH^uirin^ 
\s.it>r-;>>\%i r. 'J'lu- |iriii< ip.il of iWt ^.r strrams ari tin* Uarit4in, llaokt mack, i'uit- 
•».'.. ■', >.»M in. Tnin, <'■■!! iii7.' y^ ami M.iiiriPi- rivir;*. 

N» 1* J' f"* y ah-'Mil-. Ill vainaliii' if»'ii oris; ruli vnn^ of zinc on* i-crur in lln' 
i.-'*.iti ni }tarl *>( iim- Nta'.i- ; rMp|M r aU<t aluiuii-U, ai.il lian bf«-n 1 xti-nsivi'ty wtirWi'tl. 

riH- jr- itiT part "if tin* ".mily trarl i* i'Mvrr»«l Milii I'Mrnsivo pin** f«»n i*ti<, which 
il IV.- .%'}■ ril' •! -Mpp'.i. ■>• *'\ fill I f.-r I'lP nnriii r"in fiirnan-.s ol* ihi* Stat**, ami iho 
»'.• i-ii't • i'.« "f Ihi- III i'_'li'<"ii rill:; u all rs ; thi* iiiuMli' sirti'tn if* ihi* most highly 
i:ii;<:>vi<l aii<t \«i.iii:iv p.irt if tin Ntali', hi 11115 ilivuhil inio Hinall farin*s nntl 
kiii'tii ifj ir.!> 11-. \Kiiii-ii art' 1* infiiliv I'lillivati •!. Iht- itriNliirr rif w hii'h fimU » ri-ailr 
i> : • ! !(• !!•• Ill !;:•.! -r'.i.riiiv; I 'Uiis if tin- ili'<trirt, ami in the ^n al mu-.s (f tin* 

• ij ii-» III Si ill s Tdf n-'^rllw-m r>ii:ritiiH ri.ntain inuoh uniiil pasliirt-lami, with 
h .:ni r-Mi-* fiiH- f.iriii*i. Tli'- appli s aiiil rii|i-r >>\' llii* nr^rlh an- a<« n>ili<l for tliiir 
sii;.. f. •: ij ial:!v as ih»* pi- u'his uf ilii- soniki, 'rin- iiii|ii«iiry of ihi* iiihaiiitants in 
i'\\-' J'.y I'l V ti I !■• a>;ri«'uliijri\ riiiniiicri'i- hriiii; in'"»'»tly rarrn 1 on lhr"iiuh the 
p -ris .-I \i\\ N i-rk an-l I'l iinsylvatiia ; lln- norih-«M<«t*-rii rorm r is. h<>W( vrr, the 
>» .\l I'f rt ■urisinii/ inan'ifirturiM. Thn shad ami oy<4i#T fishrrii's in llii- rivrr* uiiil 
;»Tf it I'.^'.mrii s ti'i It In fnir on thr Stat#», alToni a pn-fitahii- inipltiyinint to jnany 
< f t!ii' iniiahi'.ai '.^. 

Till- p'«piil ill -ii "f" Ni'M JprH^v. in I7'.»«^ na* l-I.I'»9; in l-«Hi, 01 1.1 19 ; in 

r-'hi. Ji-'i..""'.*--'. in 1-Jo. j::.:!::!; m kii».3jo.7:;i; in i*iu».aT:i,:«or.. of thrsr, 

ITT.iJ.'i.'* «i*ri« whili- malts; ITI.rin.'i. whitf fi-inalrs; lO.T'^t* wori' fnr rnhmn-d 
mails; lO.Ot'il, irn- r"|"«ri"il fi'in.ilrs. Kniployini in aijririilliirr, .'ni.TOI ; in 
r<iiiiin*-n*r*, 'J'J^I : in nianiifartun*« and traih's, 'J7.(NM ; in mining. OtWi ; in nati- 
frail ii«; till- rvM'an. lll.'{; in iiiviirHtiiirr riviTH and rnnal^, Id'JJ: in Uip loarncd 
pr.if«'s*|i.f.«i, lfl*J7. 

'I'll- :•■ \v« ri- Ml th-" Si i!i . p- 1-»ii. 7rt..'»ii'J K-rsr^ :ni>I iinilr-s; 'J-JO/Jihi noat rat- 
ih*; ■Jl'.'.--«."i -li";-; Jtil.M:; s.Mi.r TKiti uin- prmlircid, 77l.'Jt».*l h'lshrls of 
whr-it; l.f"»fi:».'«'Jn ..| ryi-; l.:{ol.t)7'> of Indian rorn ; 3.<h3.WI of oats ; lO/iOl 
of harli'\ ; <Hi.lI7 of hurkwhi'at; •J.«»7-J.»»i'i9 'if poiatof - : 397.-07 pounds of 
»o.'| ; I'Mii'i of fiilk ro«"o.iim. Th«' prmhirii* uf ihi- dairy am mntrd to ?1.3*J'<,(Kl*J ; 
of thi' urcliiird. t<> ^hil.(M)f;: of Innihrr, to {^*J7l,ri!il ; Ollt'i <rall»ns of wine were 
ni.idi*. 

Tiie hnnir-inaih^ or fatnilv maniifartiin^ ani^'Minlfd to |^20|,rr*'i; 31 wnollrn 
m:«nnfaf'torir'«i. and t!l fiilliiiif-niills. pr>Hliii*«'d ijimhIs to \\\v amount of 1^110,710, 



UNITED STATES. 
■mploylnK » cAiiilil uf t9l(,G.'ii); 43 cation fictorir* |>r«iluoud ■iturlca ih ife* 



nl of •U,US6,lp 



Avovi \a (lin Bcnount of tl.&ail,74G t fii IIouHo)[-miU» mmnulkciurM! lfii.797 EiW' 
T«l*of BoaMiDd. with othtviiuIlK,Bm|jlo]'ed anniul of taiMliOoai ahip* *«» 
bnill to lliD ainouiilof tsaLli^ia ; cipital employed in tho liali*rie*, tU^S. Tk* 
total tnioDnlorinipilal omployeil in mauufiioiui«« vtMt tlI^IT,Ui9. 

Tlis Collv^ of New Itnej, at Nawau Hail, at P(inc«toa, u one uTtli* i4d«M 
and moal ditlioBi'U'hvil In tlie I'OtuiUVi and ha* •diicautd iminy pntiATDl niRti. AX 
Uie •&)»« plwn I« the Thooloaicnl SomiiiBrjr of tlio PfMbTti'iian Ckimit. »oi* 
laccnlljr fotiodcd. but equally aiBtinffuithed. Rulfvn VMr^v, in Nc« Uno*- 
«ick, was foupdnd In 1770, and Intterlv hn« been lloiiiMhintf. I'tmcnO^ wxb 
it i« tho Theological Scminiirjr of the lf«furnird Dutch UfaiitLli, (nnndrd lu i'TSt. 
which IB ip>p«ctBble. Id Uim« lnBtiiuuani> ih«r» yrtm, in 1940, 433 «iMd<««*i 
IhCTs w(t« tn tha StAM GG BCadt'iniM, witli 3037 studrou, and IV07 ruoHuiM (mI 
priinai; icbool*. with S3,Si3 MbtdBra. There wef* S3S9 wliiia pvnasSi mm M 
jean of age. wlio could neiiliM rmd not write. 

In ie3A, the PrHbytoriani had 100 chuiehM, am] lOS minittEni dia Dateh 
Rnfuimed bad 46 cburabaa, end 42 oiiiUiioN l l<>0 R[ii*in)p»i»iu li»4 3& (burcbMt 
1 tuBhop, Bad S9 minuion; tha MtibodiiKi hud 61 ministAn. and ahnvi twic* ■* 
niBiiT oonifTagvlicinB ; lbt> BaptiaU In IHSS had 61 cburrhMs, aad 51 iiiilBiail 
mloraun; tlia Friend* bad £7 mcirtiiiia : the ItoiDBn Calholies had 4 niiniaiM*. 
i'hera are alio Can^fatlonallBbt, UnkTaraalisit, and others. 

Thorn nre anTDrBl impomnl vtoiVt of intcinnl impK-vnnwnt in llila 8tati'. TV 
HorriBciinal proMpda mtn Jrntj dly, ocpmitu to NffwYDrk.w*«t«iuil{T, 101} 
mtlcB, to Knoton, Pa. ITie OelBwoie and iliidann canal cofmnanrrfl a] Berdat- 
Mwn, preceeda iior«b<w*sl tn Treolan, and thence ncrth-nail to New DniBraiatcli, 
90 Ilia RatiUn tI*«. The Camden and Amboy nit-ruad CKuainetK<e« >l Camden, 
oppoHto lo Philadalphia, and procccda nurtli-mt la Ambi^, fil nil** ; ti In* a 

indi from Bordratown to Timton, 6 milra, and aniMhci fnnn Ciaft'a 



Jobatowti, 13 mllM> Ha Paiaraoa and Hudaen rail-road pmcaada fmn Itntj 
city to Wtnaon. IS) mile*. TV New Jcracy nil-nBd p««eraalB fiwm Jmaj 
city, thiouith Newath, 34 mllee, lo Nvw BnniKwIck ; here ii ^n the N*« 
Bnniawlek and Trenton tail-road, which connpcli tli* two ^lanaai 97 mJUa itiir 
tant. Tho Morria ami EaM-x laii-road extend* fium Newuk, £) t&ile^ Ui Uocri*- 
lown. A ^i^rtlnd extondi IVom Elii&bclhpon, SS mi'**, lo .Sooirrville. 

The <uty of Trenton, on ibe out banli of die Dclawain, at lira tiiwd a( dvop 
DaTigBllon, i* tho capital of the Slate. It ia rej-uluty laid out, 8«d eumaimt tha 
StBtc-houae, Sttvl^-priatra, nnd artrn churrhp*. A noodiui hridga, 1100 feat La 
lenglh, here troaa** tlie rivrr, juat Man llic {ktla ; and iho Delawatv tad Barllaa 
canal paiwa throagh tha city. The faUs afford vxUtialv* «aluif)u«r( fct wbb^ 
hetuimf purpoio, and Ihvre am Ian niilla atid aianu&cWriiia i« Ilia virJftUjr. 
Poniilallnn, 4035. T«ii mile* from Ttvnlitn i* ihii dltagv iif I'riBoctoo. lb* w«l 
of New Jmbct College, anil eolebratpd j& the reTolnli unary \tiMtJ t*t tha 
of Jantukry 3d, 1777. Pvpalaliou, 30A5. 

Tlia city of New nnmewicb, at tha head af rioop nail|aikai oa tha Ri , 

and at iha i«mii)«tioD of tfae IJalawarB and Haiiian Cwal, U iba 4epAi of Iha 
pfodu«eofa(eruUdiatnct,Bi>d aplaooof eoiuidarable indo. 'ni«~ - ■' 
an apaoiona and liaadaoinr. and cinamanJ a Ana (mapMt. Han 
Colin;*, and a liifolopral Brniinary of tbtt Uuich Refumud CbiiKdi. FopJaJlim 
in mo, 8698. Ii i-oninina h cburcha*. t bank*. UO tUnm, and MO dwriil««» 

At the niniih of thv Kariuo atand* iho city uf Anbc^, m Prnh Ambar, wtik 
% rood hartuwr, which k, hawaTar, Hub! need. KiiaaltMbtnwn ta a pram 
and Ihririiijt i^*^ «*" Newark Bay, with abMt 9800 InbabMul* [ ii ointaw 
Mvanl maoDfariorlM, edUU^ <mi. Ii ia blaraaotad by Iwu nit-nada. 

Tba ei^ af Nrmrk, tba lar)[aBt a«d tonal iMpanaM town m New J«i«T. 
atanda on lh« Paaaalc, tlirec miles finm Nawaik Bay.aAdbataMjr 

with N'cw York by mnana of •launboaU akd Ilia N»w Jr " 

euaU alls paaaca liiiough tlia city. Newk J 



d»w Jaran i»1Hm4 t Um MMTto 
piatilly aituaMd a^ waU y^ 



rKNNSVrVAXIA. 1 



i I 



with •>|>.t'-i<'u<( mtit't'ts ami hAiiditOuie hoiiM'i*, iiiiiiiy of ulncii vr«* urn:«iiifnl«'U with 
firti* hhailt-trccH. Tin* luanutarliirt-^ nrr fxtriitivr ; the iMpiiil i!ii|>Ii y«d in 1*410 
ani'iiinU-tl in 4>l..'i!],.139. ('arrt.i;;c<i, nhtrs aiifi lio<itj(. i'i:tli ry. itailiiU'ry. jewelry, 
h.iiM, Icriiittiri'. Kc are aii)*tii; tli*> •«rtir1t-« )<r>Hh]i'fil. Tlu* nopdl.itinn in \**[iO 
I wAh lO/JjJ, ami in l"<lii, IT/JlMi. PatrrKun, at the fills uf the Pusbair, is one 
if the priiti'ipal nuniildeiurini; lownM in the eountry ; it \u\s an iinnuMiHe water- 
piiwtr. which !•» (XttMi^ivi ly applied tu eeoiiomiral purpovK. Here are eotion- 
riiii!«*, \%it'M n>i!Meri>it<» nthir iMTk-i, Mich as paper-iiiilU, niaehin«^<>hopH, button 
faeiurieM, imn .in*l hr.iS4 !aun<li*ries. nail factorie*!, wciollfn-inilU, ^c. The tuwn 
ei>nuiiiiH mm* chur.'hcii, h philnKophical ficiciety, ami alsu a meehanics* »>)rictT 
f<>7 iinpr>«vein«-nt in the mivhaiiir urt*<. IVipulaiinn, 7.V.hi. 

lli-I.eA- Trent 111. nn th»* l>el.iware, i* norileiiti>un, pleasantly flilualeil on elc- 
I v»it •! ;;r>Minil <.vt ri>''*kiii:j tin rivi r. and ■lainliiiir at ttie ti riiiin.iti>*n *>( tin* l)f]a- 
«.'.:•' At i| H.tritiii i-.n.al. I'«<piil.iii<in, abcut I'^lMi. Th('eit\ it' HurliiiirtiHi, helnw 
Hiriieiit-tan, H ::!•» i a mat liilU' town, Mtiiati*! «'n the hank ot' the rivtr. with 
nirUinh.thit.int4. StealIl^••.ltH tV'ini Phtladelphit t<Mich :-t lh« s«' plaei-n Nevi ral 
ttini«> :i ii.iv. Tiie eity «i' <'ain«U-n. iippodile I* Philailelphl.i, earri< s t-n !4iimr 
*'riiile«i .■!' iiiMi .r. •■Ttinn f in«!«;«'trv ; M-veri! -t« am !*• rr\-h.»;jH :%:*• tMn^tantlv 
pi)ji».; htiwti'ii thr two I iLi-*. It I'-ittains *i i*hiir''h»"», an arailcui). haiik,r< :;rt- 
h-u««s K*'. l*-pijl iii.'n in \^U\ n.371 ; in I-^Ij, l3ori, vith *<.1i*i Jwellin^t. 

\Vn#Ml»ii:ry. 7 ii»ii"» s"iiih «•!' ('a>ii>h-n, is cnnnerteil with the latter hy a rail- 
r>M*1 ; It i> .1 11' :it %iliaje "I* I'Jii (lMel!in;;*i, and ahuiit i^iNi inhahtiarit.«. Salem, 
«'Ti Sail III ertrk. .'<.'> niiloo s..iitri of (*ain«i»-ii, is a ttiwii of 'J.'iO hnu^M. and had a 
pnpiil.itic'ii 111 l**!*! • t' -JOtC iiihahitants. it waai fuuiided in 1675, and was the 
lir!»: plarr thai wa** >rltifil hy Knulith eniii;rantH in \Ve«i Jer-ey. 



rOMMdNWKALTII OK I* KN NS Y L V AM A. 

This Stale, whii'h, iVoni lu r emtral position, her UiinrnsionB, her natural re- 

• 'urce-i, her i^nstt linr^ uf ■■•«minuiiicatii*n, and her popiilatmn, may rank aa one 

• •f th'* most niip'»rtaiit in the Cnii'in, is houmled **t\ the north hy New York and 
Lake Kri's rani hr Ni-w* Jrrs* \\ »• iith-eant hv Delaware, Koiith by MarvUnd and 
Virj^inia, and we^t hy part kI \ ir|;iiiia and Ohio. Un ^rreatrnt len<rth, rrom i;iiit 
til w«•^l, Is nii7 iniit», and its breadth Ij7; area, liuOiMt mpiare inileM. 

The prineip.il rivers are the Delaware, Srhuylkill, Lehigh, SuM]uebanna, 
JiHiiati, Alleiihany. Mononcahfla. am! IHiiu. Tlie various ridges of the AUe- 
giiany raii;;^, whi>f«e ^*•llc^al dire«-tii n !•« t'r>>iii ^(-uth-weAt to north-i*afit, intenect 
, the nntrai parts .•! thin State. The valleys hetwi-en many itf the<k* rid|;e« mre 
oi'ti-n ot' a rieh hlaek k<'||, Huiied wdl to the varinuii kinds ut* ^tasa and ffrain. 
Siiiiie III' the in'<i:nt:iins admit of' rultivatton alinrn^t to tht-ir Mimmits. Nn State 
in the Cni'm hieiws tn tho travelli'r a nrher a»neu!ttire than IVnnKvlvania. It 
IS emphatiiMlly a trraai e*^tintry, raisini; the fifie.st wheat. It nifduces ail the 
rriiii)f and pro«h.<'tir>n*( <>f the nortltern and middle Siati-s, and is partirularly 
fauuM.s i'"T the -ize and rxe«-lli'iice uf itA bretsl t>f draught h*>r?»e«i. 

The inhabitants •>!' 1*» nn>ylvania. th(»uf;h mmpus^d ot all nation^, nre difttin- 
{;uisl:cd i'T tht-ir hahii« cf ordt-r, industry, and frujjpility. The pahnint; Mtrani^r, 
'An he traverse!! the State, is ttriiok with the noble roads and public works, with 
thi* wel1-4'ultivat«'d farniM. and their comnuxlious and durable sti>ne houMw, and 
ol'ien still larger stone barns. An agricultural country, alike charniinfr and rich, 
sprt'adif under hi.s i-y*-. 

The tumoral wealth of I'enn!<ylvania is very ifreaL C'nal. iron, and »ait. occur 
in vast ijuantities. The roal of Pennsylvania is of two kinds, the anthracite and 
bituminous, which are ipiiie distinct in their qualities and localities. The firat is 
found in the eastern part of the State, between the Delaware and .Susquehanna 
rivers, and is estiinale«l tu cover un extent of about 6*J-l.niN> acres. The bitunii- 
nous coal is found in the wt»tern parts of the State, on the Ohio, Allef^hany, mad 
other riven in that reffion. 

Irun-ore of an excellent quality is abundant, and extensively wrought. The 



ITS UNITED STATES. 

ItMi-niJrw* in the ewtem part of ilia StaW w«r» eiplarvd sa<l wwkad » na Mitr 

Eiod of cifloninl RcttlnniRnt, and hod bfioonia no intctrtt irf ralue Itrfun iIm 
v<i1utlon. Since the pr&ox ot 1783, wilh much flucluatioD, iioo has U all tiaM 
cmpioyci) la Pttnu*; Wsula a conRiili-nihln aiuoanl of capilal nod IslMur ; wttlM 
the tM-etit aaocMiful npplicalion of aiilhtacitv eoal Id thv fnaicin of tiia ocf. vd 
the abiimlaiice of buth maieriala in closv iiruiimii;, proinUc a Tnst " 
ibe bu«luw«. 
Thf 



IBlAg In navigating eanala, rirua and laki-a, 3961 ; in tlin 
6T0S. 

Thcrn wem rn the Sula, in 1840, 3Gl,5as honee and nuteai I.tCt;i76 aaal 
caltWi 1,755,997 »hM)ii l,4BS,3SO Hvriui\ Puiillry whd I'rodixird in lt>r amreal 
of #G8I,'JT9. Thora wcro produiml. ItUtlJS^li* boihel* of whcatt C^14/pA4 of 
(7at 2,I>1>6.0IG of buekwhmit; 11,077,363 of Indian curni 90&.SU of hMky; 
90,lS5,T4t Dfonta; 9,477,343 of potalmi l S.OtM.KCTponnda ofvool; 4a,fiNar 
hop*; 3:U,01Soriohaci)o; »,3C5,TS5 of ausai : ?3(i9 of ailk ooeooiMi 1,MM,|9U 
tona of bay. Thn prodncM of Hie dairy wcro valiiod al(3,tb9,997( of Ite o*d^ 
ard. It •tilO.&U: of luiaber, at •l,H&3A5. Tborewtm nad* 11,399 faUoM 

Thn RXporla fur iha yeai endins ScpUmber SUlix, I&4I, vera S^ISltaVI, aai 
UiB inipona tlO,3jG,t!!f4. The l»una«v viiU-r«it wai 99,385) ibd clarad. KUtll 

The mauufocliiwH uf I'enuaylrauia are raipnaiia. Aecnrding W tb* 
1640. b'xniMnadn or family nunufapiarm smKanlcd in 9l,!aie^it9i flSS >aonaM 
manuraotaho* and 337 ruiling'tnilU produced nniclo to the aiMoxt E^n,9983Sl, 
aiDpIoyliiga oaBital of d,500A>Ai lOfipolIun mnniifaeioiiiM ptodaoed arlirliM IB 
the ainonnt of 96,013.007, MDploylQff a capital ort9,33S,40n; 3997 prao 
dnood Ba9,fi8lltun9aranlhnolwiMaI.«ithanapilalof«1434.IMl ITH, 
in>duocdIl.fi20,Gb4 bn*liat*of biluftilnnua coal. wiUi a eapUa) oTASOOilU; BU 
nrnwe* produnnl 98,3$A Una lUBi.iran, and lefffofgM.AtcpKidwaid «T,9II ' 
eS bai-irun, Offlplojrlnff a capital of 67.7SI,t71 i 1149 Uanerii*, and 9IH < 
manuliatorioa, a« ndJlDtiot, &«., prodoced aniolM to tliff aitKiuat wf HtUUU, 
mapliyinf • capital uf •3,y7!),459 : 30 pi>wdet4>llla inanulartiind UIN^HS 
potinda oipowditr, unplnyinit a rnpital of 966JWI: ilraga, i«int«,4Mn 
duoAd 10 Iho aiooDnl of •8,100,074 i 3^ glaa»4DaaM and l5 sba»«iitt£^ - - ^ 
bt'Mhinanli prujucid anieJca ie ihn aninunl uf tTTSitOO, nofiiayimt * ' IpMll tt 
#711,1011; niarhinnfjr wsa produeed tnih» Talua nf (Mn.TMi pt«eio«»BNdf 
to ib« value of •3,S79.ff7&l lOOS dUUllerin* pnidaeed fi,yW,TdH plkM aTdti* 
lilliid apirita I 87 brmerica produced IS,7«&.ini irallnna J batir. amplnjtaK • 
oanttnl nr|il,!ias,771 ; 7S5 Bnurini-nillla prnduMd l,IAI,lUd barrnb nrflnv.a*! 
wlili ntbnr inllU pmdiirnd articire tn th« ainc^int of S!>.UC91S, *mnAvy 
oapital of •7,77».7i4t. Tlie totil ainoanl of capital HmpliiTial tn DMMfMn 
tb- SlwM, wa* •.1t,Hl.'>,tO!r. 

Tbit collrna stp numnnua. Tha Cni(«n>flr of pFnna;tn«ia. hi Phikl 

waa CuindeJ In ITSSi DirkinaonCullMv.in Carliale.ln I7WI: Jeftapwi 

in CanontbuiR. In IHOl ; Waahinglnn OoUagv. In Wa«btM|bM. ta IMttM 

fhany CaWriiv, In MbiuItiIIo, in IHI5 ; P*nMTl*anls Cilkfo. tn OWtWh a g . 
KH i La fajeii* Coll»s», in Kaiton, IHSOi Mmr»haTI C.iII.t!*. at MrawMh— 
USA. D«*ldt>« Ihrw. an; ilia MMtlcal I>*nartn»>nl xf ihn I'nin-nilT nf Pm 
Wiia. fotrndwi at Phlla-Wnbia, IB l7fJ(; Jpffrmon MmII.mI ivilfar'. m PhU,_ 
pUa.lntS34i Iho Modtfal Department of EVnnaflTanla CcltFKP.at Phil^rlpU^ 
la 16391 the Thenlogleal Srmiaarf of die I.Hihenn C'Iin-'-k, ni (^riiTthv^, ' 
UNt tilt Saminary nf iha Oerman Rofonnad Chi .... 



wiKuakiuf. Ia»l|t>w»ai 




FKNNSYLVANIA. 179 

wpre in iho Siaif 'J'.Mi ;.«".ii!«"n»!i». wiih ir*,OT«) Htiidrnt^i*. niui VM'M rmiimcn and 
priniary M*h'"»l«<. with ITIM***!* jich'jl.trs*. ThcTi* witu XI.'.MU uhilp pfrsons, otit 
;20 yiMrn ct'ai:**. ^ li' ri".ili! in'ithi r r»-.td nor wr'Ui*. 

Of" ttii» riii::i«':i> ilrn<^iniii.it:iin*>, i!ir I'n sliyt« ri.inn, inclihiin;; thr A'-si.i iate 
Hf r'riiKil, liu.!. Ill KU\, KHi r::iiii>lirs; l\\v MLlh'MlisU, *J.'iO ; tlic H.ipti.sls, MU; 
ihr (iiriiian IN t"riiif li, 7.1 ; tin* KpiHTopiilnitii*, 7^ ; llio Frii'nti^i, 150 I'uni^rrir.i- 
tioim. n* si<!rf« lilt M , thi-rt' atv hc-Tinil ulher difioniinations ^utiicli ;irL* lf»s 
nuiiii r<'ii<i. 

Ily :i Njilii.dll! r.iiTM' i.f inti-rnal i!iipri»vrmriil«, IVnn<>y1v:ini.i had jjrratly 
t \:riit|iil aii<i I'.'-nhiiUHl In r Iraili*. hut has* rcuitrarU'd thi* l.tr^ri'si flilit ft' any Stall? 
Ill tin- I iiii.ri w hu-h »«i.i' isi a!>iiiii!;iiitly alili* loili^rharjji'. hut ran only t\o'i\ hy in'.'df 
r.iti uixatioii. Till I'l i.tr.i) ili\i:>! -n nt ihi' IViii;!«\lv;iiii.ii.*ar.al f'i>nini*'m*ps ai tht tcr- 
iiiiMti< II I.f ilu- <*i !i.u.!ii:i aii'l I'liil.iili Ipliia riil-r'*ai1, at Cohiiiitna. aifl ixItndH 
•tl"!;*! thi Sn>i.|iji Iriiiiia '.*fi>! Jiii.i.ii.i rivf-ra, 17'J iiiiUh, to lli'lliiiayshurir, uhf-rc it 
ii.i'.-i •. «-v» r i.'.r Ml* .rl.ai.v in-Kiitanj hv a rail-r.>ni. Tin- \%««»i»'rM Jim<'"ii *f the 
1*1 1 i-^\!v.ir.ia<*ai).i1 < \'.i n-l-. \'rf]i\ J'»hn'»t«>v* u t" I'lH-hurL'J^M iuiIi'h. Thisririi} \* U n 
ihi !ii.« I t' r..i'-r< .1 i' ir.ai iMn i«'i'lpliia to l*iii««huri», .'<!».'• Jiii|t>. A raual i xii-iuls 
tr> III l\:v pi nn^% iv M:!a <Mii:t!, ;.i ihi ni«>uth *•( lUf Juniata h\i*r. ami pr'K'iitU 39 
iiii.< « to N> rllii iiiIm r!.ii:ii. wht :«' it ninuTtsMiih tin* North ami \\t^t Hranrh 
i'.n.il*. 'I'll*' \Vi'».T Jln';i:<'h r:ii.al r\t«i«lH trrmi NiirtliiiriihtTiarid, alont; the Wciit 
hrai.rh u! tht SuH.juchaiifi.i rivi r, 7.'> iiiih***. t'l Karriinlsviilp, in rimtfn n nnty, 
n ai hiipj tli< l'i:iiri:iii<>ii<» fi:i].|'ii Ms m that vitMiuty. Thi- North liianrh division 
i-MiimIh If. -Ill NririhiinihrT'|.if,.|, 7'J iniifH, tt» a hiih* ahf»v»> \\ ilkisharrr. The 
Hi l.'v%.iri i'iii-i< II « t ih< V» iiii^\}\tinia i^anal t*\ti-fid!« from ihr tidi-watcr at Hrifi- 
tit). 'Jii liiiii •> 'ih<>vt- IMuladi Ijihi.i, t<i Ka<«ton, at tho mouth nf thf l*i.hi{>h, whrrf it 
jMiii*4 il.c i..i\ ii,>aii« !• of thr I.i).i<;h rninpaiiy. I'SLtt-ndin*; to the coal rrtfion. Si.'> 
Uiih *•. 'i'i.<- Ni-hu\ikiil ii.iviiMti n I ••iiiini-ni*! -> at ilu* FairniMunt dam, niar i'hihi- 
'h Ip! la. aiid i xd .m!-* ti I'irt ('arhi-n, in Srhuylkill riaiiity. tin- hfart tf thr 
aiitl.r.ii-ih- ri'.il ri t:i >ii. Tlif I i.i n canal * xtnuU fmm iht* Si-hiiylkiil, near Rfaii- 
iiir;. !•• Nliiid!* t->v\ii. • n tl.f Si.s.p i hapna, ^*J mih-f*; it haM a navitr-atdi t'lf-di r v( 
"Si iiiiU ■» on Sw.jia'.i rr»-« k, w imh ri iniuuniiMlr** uilh thr c'i»al rf«ri<'>n. 'V\\r Suh- 
<{i:« hanna or 'J*iih-\%atir f .I'.ii •'••ir.nif iirrs at \\ ris;hi«>viih*, oi^poxitt* to C'nlunihia. 
ani! « \i» r.i?"« ITi miKn !•• Ilavrt-<h-Cira»T. in Maryland, and ponnrrts thr iVnn- 
••yh una r-.m.il u iih l\.» l:ili -wali r • I <'h»"«ajHak»' h.jy. Thr I*hihidf)phia and 
Ki dii«r r.' !•!• . d I \'t-i .ix lr> III ihi* \»< ^t fsidi nt' tin' S(*huylkill. nt-ar Philadelphia, 
'.«• I* ti-.* ii'ir. III ^i"hu\ il.i!l I'oiihty, !»•< iiiih-*. sjivim; Twuiy ai-ri *;« ti» the coal r«'Rir«n. 
Tl:« ri" ;ir» iitany iiiiii'T nii!-rni«!«*, «hirh h ivr rt-latiou u> ihf tratiftportalion of 
••ti.il. Thr AlIiL'hanv Portaijo r.*.iUri>ad rxtMifU from II- liida\»>hi:r2 to Johnt*- 
t»'Ui., HiiJ niih ^. and finiM't^ thi^ la^tirn and Uf*tiTn dlvl^l•«ns of ihe IVnn«»yl- 
vai i I r.>iial. Tt:' Ph:!idi !phla and roliuiihia rail-road, one of the most inipnrt- 
aiit iM I'll St.itr. I \ti w\** front Philadelphia. K'2 niih'M, to ('oliiinhi.i on the Su»- 
qui h.iiina. A rail-ro.ul r xtrnds thnaioh the «outh-ea^li*ni part i<f the Sl^te, liadinp 
fr. i:i N«'wYofk to Haliiiuore and \Va«*hinj;t«in. 

Tin* i-ity of Philadi Iphia. tin- principal rity c;f llie State, and one of the inr.»f 
re;>i.i.irlv laid out aii'l haiid><o.neiy huiit in the World, !*taiidN hftwern lhi> |lrlM< 
\»af .«nd t»ir S»*liu\lkill II VI f!-, ahoul fi luih-h ahi.vr ihiir jum'tion, rnd 100 niile« 
Iroiii ti.e MM h> the c< urM' of the fonner. h \ii*lil*t to none in the I*i.ion in the 
we iltii. induNiry. and init llitrrnci* of i!*i eitizon». Philadelphia h.i8 the AdvanUin 
rif a (ii iihle port, conmctrd with verv renioir MTtions*; that nn the Schuylkill ii 
.ircf-sihle to vefiM'l.f of IlOO Ioiia, anil in a frri'at depcSt for the coal of the int» 
ri'T; the f<ther, on the Df lawan*. adiniL^ the l.ir|rpMt nierchant-vmhcla to the doon 
of ihi w arehuUM*!!, and in Hpariouh and stccure. 

The street*! are hroad and straight, cr«M»sinjf raeh other at ri|;ht ■rjylew, ami 
diviilini; the eily int«» mum ri»iiH wjuan», aome of wl.irh have hfin rc*«Tve«i f"' 
pul lie walksi, and an* ornanienud wiih fine ahadc and flowerini; treea. "^ 
dwrlline-houftcfi ate neat and conunodioufi. and the piihiic huihlinirs. |»riM 
•'onsirueieil cf while piarble, are the mo«it elejvanl in the country. Thfr« ' 
rrosH the Schujlk'^' ' * *"*'«penNion hrid|re i^ rrinarkahle for its Hi 

hiauni'i.l appear ■* Hteani-hoaii afford coi.stai.t a 



roDDdoriM ■od engiM flCMMPHMRHINM sniEiII werbai rollln|[-milIi, ealUM 
MUblMitnMiU. Whito^Md RmIotIm) bn«rariM. nw and erul-tnUl*. ElM*-warfc>, 
with bn» foanderiM, «im1 munufiietoilpa, taiiMri**, «slt-wofb>, p3|]*i-iBlIk, 



bclofii 



of KUtlfry Rtul nffticultufBl implvmenCi. in:., site a.ni'nir iIm 374 
,_.' — (,?|.i, - K - 

1* eon 
lainit W Uie Oniwd iJbitM ; Uio WwUm Pcnili'iifuiry of th« Sml*, die W t-rt- 

:'ni ' - .... 



iiuburg. Tbe Pity \» n^fHuly lioltv; bot iho 
~ itly onialopisil, give it railirc « itlnB^ ap- 






i> AU*Al>ni 



tnd plaoM ol 



rannsfkeluritij; wiabUahinenta 
cloud* of nnnko In wbicti h I* 

Aoione Itiii pnblic nvublUlinHni 
llniU'd iJbitM: UinWMt*ni 

7, a Proibytnriati and a Rrrarmed throlofieal Mminkry, 3i elinrrtea 
wuNhip, 60 common sod l!i iwli«l KliooU, to. A tuatatopat 
•iippiim Ui» (Tit; wjtii 3.1)00.000 eallon* of nmtrr daily. One vt iba mcM •1o«Uw> 
livr GnM that lus oorurrml In tn« L'nilod Siaick, tciok plas» hero un th« ITth of 
April, IS4!>. About liuto building* were contuic^, heait* a cnoi nnxnu of 
nMrahandUe. The entire Iom U Mtlit»il«d at fram alx to nlno tmlUan dollin. 

In this dUlrict to tbo fonth of PUlabu^, W*«!ilnj{lon, )lra«iWTiII«. tai VoU . 
arc thrivinjr towna. Canmuburg i« iba «cat of JoSenon Collwe. Brlnw Pfn*- 
burg U the boroui^h of Beater, at liis miMith of B«Bv«r rivor i To ihc viebiry an 
auvoral ■mill but tUriiinc tow^iu, wliicli are jnd^lcd for tiiaif pmpMalj lu tkc 
great watoi-powor aifordvS by (be falU of that itrtsiTii. Nuinriltui Dtilti and 
manufacturing MtnbliabmonU havo Ttc«nilT been arvctod on baib aide of Ihi! 
Titer, and ibo whuln pouulation uf the nrijchbourliaod ia about SOW- Tbr tatla 
8r« S iitllM fruiii Ilia Ohiij ilTni; Uidir deaecnt U about 09 fitoL FuIUbia and 
Now Brighton at Ihiulr foot, and Brigbtoo and Khtron lownr dnivn. an all wilblb 

ibott iliManae from caeli nibor. 

Brio, un the l&La of liia tainv nanw, la importiiol on Dfooaiit of ll 
wrhloli la proicctAd by vr^tnA pl*ra. Tbla placa la inenuahi); rapiJIy. ■ml b«iU 
fair in bN'omn of eonaidprabia oonimatnlal inportancn. Uj Iba TCnn^tftimi nftlM 
Erie minnaion of iho Ponnaylnoik cu^ It M ncrw ooanratod wbb rliuburg. W 
tbu Ohio tiwT. Pnpulatloii, 34I9L 



8TATB OF DRLAWARB. 

undariM » 
Maryland i on the n 
PenntJilfaBla and Maryland, 

Tlia oxUnI from nunh to imilh ia 90 milM; from aa» to wdM. U njlaii 

in aiuaif nillaa, 3190. "Hia ptliiolpal atmama, baaidna Um Dalaaram, wbkdi Amm 
a mn of Ita boatulatr, are Brandy wIm oiMk, Clinaiiana cnak, Dvok cn^ H !•■ 
pllli'in cirok, ftitd Iwlian, Chi^tank, and Naniicoka rirara. 

Th« eumnl eaMott of DaUwate La that of an utaodad nUa, nually favomhU 
for nilu«ntloD> (lo the tabMatid tonaiaff tba dirldinj ndoa lilHiaaii 1h» Oal*- 
ware and Cbemp«alia DKya,le acbabiof BirBD)pa.fr<miwhfahth«waMKd«ai«d 
in <Hi> dimiion lo Choaofoalu, and in ilie oihM to U«bwan Eky. Tka vpfM 
pan >if ihn Slaia la tfraanlty a fine uaot of eoonlry, and well aibpud l» iba 
powlntf of wheat aad olhru ^n*. The alaplig commodity, howvrv, ia m%r»%, 
wbioh I* pruduood of a miperior qoalily. UnndywiwcFMk. la ibatiapyM panar 

tha E<lato, fimiilm walvr-fiowcr for gmat aud growing — ' ■ -' "- ' 

mitau. 'riiB rbirf artjilee are dour, coilona, wonllent, 

Diiawara fiinUina bnt few inlnenla; in the coanty of „ __ 

bnnohvt of the Nanlioakr. ais laripi quaniitin of boB iratHva, w^l wlapUd frt 
ccatinjlt but it i* not wrought lo any extant. 

The pnpntation nf Uciawaro in ITUtf waa »JKHi in 1M0;U,TT«1 In I Ml*, 
79.S74i in IR90,73,74P; in IH30.7ti,73»( (n lit4a,?8,IMS. Uf tboMi, ««6 w«w 
riavHj Vjaa weiM whtVi m*l«i 9!»,MS. whiu feuaUai MM, fhw wta ' 
nalaa) 6993, turn etdonred fnnalM. Kmtioyitt in afiiMllnw, IMIItt i»« 
BMC*. 467 1 in manuAiMarK* and tndM. 4060 ] aafinUnK Uia oewn. Ml ; ■ 
lltaH ri?at> Mid eamla. i3&^ in Uaa learned fmhrniaam awl «■(»«», IMw 



I 

I DKLAWAKM lh3 I 

In iliiH Suit* iliiTi* wiTf, 111 l^HtO, 1 l.t'Jl hoFM'M uiitl iiiiiU'ri ; fi^.h.*):) mat rattle; 
liy.'JIT nhii'p; Tl/J-'"* jiwiiif; p «iillry was v.iliiffi at $l7,'Ji«r». 'J*ln n* wm* P'^*" 1 
iIui'm!. .'(l/i.h;:* lni^htU • !" u heat ;':<:<,:» I (i ..t" ryr; •-VMil».:ir»9 .»l In«!ian curn ; • 
'.♦•JT.Hi.'i i.|' .MlH ; :VJj.O of harlt v ; I l/-".t'.l fif lii:rk whr.it, an«l 'iiHi.TI'J « l' i»«-tal<.ii'M ; 
"J-J,I?^U l«'ns u! hay ; ril.l«l| |)iiuii(l<< vt' wtv>! ; 1 |;»m ot*?*ilk r««i'.if.n«*. Thr ppiliu't* ; 
r f the ilairv aiiuniiitid !•• ^| |;{,m-Jn ; ami of iho orrharil, to $*J"«.*Jll. Thi* i \uortii \ 
III I'^ld am- uiit4'il lo 9li7,(Hil, and th«* iiii{»urtb tu S**!!'.'. Capital ctupU veil in the 
. hslHrits, ?^1TIMHU). 

Thr iiiuiiiit'aoiiin «* «•!' I)« law arc ari' iiion* i-xti'iisive than lis I'oiiiiiiprt'i'. Ilfine- 
riiaiU' i>r t'.iiiiily ^^omU \%irf prxtlurnl tn tht* aiii'iiint iif ^li'J.l hi ; 'J uoiUfn l.icto- 
rii'fi priHluri'iI arstrlcN !•• tht* aiiioiint nfi^lnl.TiM), tMiipli'\iiiu a capital it|'$l(i7.<HHl ; 
1 1 c«»it««n faft'iru*- pr*-ilurr«l ariioli s to the valur ul" s^SIJ-VJT'J, cniployii,.; a capital 
I'f ^3,0K.'MHI ; 1 - laiiiirrii-ii iiiipl»»yrtl a capital <•!' $»**l».3m» ; T 'i «»ilu r iii.'.ntir.i«'li>rif*« 
• t' li-athi r, H9 ftaiUlliri*'!*, \'«'., iiiaiitiractiirfd articliN to thr aiiinuiii ('t' ^ltir*,(i37, 
«-iiipl'\iiii^ a capital t-fMliil^iuUi; 'JT puudir-iKilU inanuraciiin'ii 'J.liHUHiU pniiiuU 
iif i;iiripiiw ill r, iiiip1'>)iii^ a capital <•!' ^'J'J<^<HHi; *Jl lliiuriii}r*iiiilU inaiiutacturi'd 
Tii.I'.M harrcU •<!' tVxir, ami, with ithir iinl!*". proiluccil ariicli*.^ in iht; ai>i>>i.iit of 
t^T.'C'.Cl, I iiipl<>\iii<; a capital ot' l§>.!!M,l;*i<i ; ^llipHWtrl' haiit i>i the aiii<uiit df 
^^l.'i.tiui. 'I'hi* total arii'iuiit <t' capital tinplnyi <i in niannl it-tun <« was ii'L.'»*''.(,'Jl J. 

Til* Ft- IS hut "'nc c» 111 ire in the Stati" — Newark i'i>lli"ii', at .Newark, toundctl 
■in l**.'i.'l; It ha« 10(1 stMdeni<i. and a lihrary ot' 3500 %'i>l«inM'!s. There wire, in 
I^lo, *J0 academies in the State, with 7*U ^1ll<^-llt<<, and l.'ej primary and ci innion \ 
f»ch.M.!«i, Mith tV.iJI schilar<; there wire in lh»' Slate l-3'J while pi rk<«iis. ahuve I 
the aje of 'JO, wh>i enild n»iiher read nnr write. 

iW the principal reli^i>>tm di niuninuiions, the Prt-nhyteriann, in I**3t«, had \!t ^ 
nnnisterH; the Metho«!i«ts 15; the Kpiscop.iliann, ti miiii<»terrt; the Itapiisis had ; 
1' chiircheM, and .'i miiiinters; the Hoinan ('ath«*lir!t had 'J niiiiiNttrH. There wt-rc ! 
aUii •...me I'l w Friend-. 

Si veral important wt»rkH <•!' internal improvement have hien coinpli tid. The 
Chisapeake ami Delaware cairal c< inmi nci <« at Ihlaware city, tn the Ihlaware 
river, ami extemU It tniteN to Hack ertek. a trihuiary of' KIk nvi r. It m i>0 iiet 
wide at the t' p. ami 10 tret d*ep; h:<-i two lit't ai;i1 l»i> liih^l'i*k'«, lOO fet t hy *J*J 
t'»-et 111 the chamher; Ci-mplelid in !■••.".». an! chI ^■j,7.'iii,iHio. It i^ ni^i-.'ahie for * 
-loop.s and Hii-amhMals. 'ihe New (*a»ile aiid Kn-nchtnwii rail-r<>ad extend*! from 
Ni'W Cattle, on the Delaware. Ttj mih"* heh^w Philadi Iphi i, to Frenchto\^n, on 
the Klk rivir, which enters Chesapeake Hay. I: is Iti] luili «, and cnnuecin \%ith . 
hteamhoatji on ihi* Dclawar<' and Chesapeake. 

'Ilie cilv of \\ ilminiriim. pleasantly Mtiiai»«l m ar the junctii'n of ihi- Hrandv- 
wim* and Chri»tiana. i<* a welUSxiilt, urowiiiu tiitin, and t!ie ni<>>>t I'.np- rl ml ir: lh«* 
StaU*. It coitt.ui-H an arsi nal. ho«.pital, lu ehurchi <*, \c., and i*< tnjpliid with 

I water hy wati r-»<irks on the Hrandywine. Ii^ trade it C'lisidt rahh-. ami it st mU 
MVi ral >hip*« to the whale-fishery. In the immediale vicii.ily ti«t re are ihmil \iH> 
nulls and tnanulactorii-*, proilucin;; t1>mr. paper, in^n-w are. poud* r, :ind c< tton 

I and wiM'lIiii itoihIn ; the Hrandywine t1iir.r-niil!<« .tre ainen^f the n:'>-l exti ti^i%e in 
the I'niud Staten. l*i>pu1aiion in l-«40,^3r.7. N«w C.'s'.lr, hi !o« W ilmin>iii>n, 
i« at the I a^t«rn 1i rininatii>n ef the rail-n>ad t* Fri-nehtown ; it ci'iit..iie* ah.^ul 
rjiH» inhahitants. Dov» r, the seat of onvernmt-nt, c«iiii.un«i th»' Siati-h"UM-, an<i 
about ri(N» inhahitant*i. l.ewi<town is a vitiate near Cape Hi nlo{N n. in front of 
which has he* n er»vieil the Delawar** Hn'akwatir. The w<rk ron^i-^l* «»f two 
pierM, an irc-hreaker l.MK) fet*t in Itn^th, and a hnakwaier 3oOO fiet loi.ir; c«.»U 
••J.016.l»:i0. 



ST.\TK OF MARYLAND 

Marviami i-i houndeil north hy Pennsylvania and Di law-are; east hv IMa- 
wart* and the All uitic ; Kouth-weitt and wet hy Virginia. I.en<jth 111'* iiiih f». anil 
I'JO miU'* in hri-adth ; an-a in s«|uare riii'e.* UV.Oo. m acren 7,«HW.<¥m, 'Hit* 
principal nvers ar»- the P.it.iin ic, which duidis it fr-'in Vir^iiiia; the Su«que- 



184 UNITED STATES. 

bannn, PaQpiieo, I'awlucnt, Elk, Saaufnt, ClitiBlei, (.'tiupUnk, Naoticobe, and 



and tnbacrn am iha atnpla ptoduetiomi thn eiM 



Tht raaritiiiM p*it of Ihia Slate ia psnetralvd far iolo Uio ialiRicq bjr 
paoko B«j, •• a viut irrer dividing il Iota two di»tinni iiortiunii.calUil ths nMiatn 
•od VMUm Btiof«*. ThtWB •hore* include a lord, law, and ■llurUl eoatarj, 
itOmtiettA by Ud^witnt rivcia and ctccIu. and, Uk« tba sanie UicU of 1000117 
fiutiiw MMitir, ue aubjsci u> inioniuiwnu. AboTa Uia (idn-wawn, Um land agaia 
btOMiM agneobly andulatin^. litf ood thia comuienee tha Allaghany nooi^ 
tMaa, with ttitdt Dumaroua ndsaai thci v»lUva batwoon tliam ai« ofa launj am) 
rldi toil, fialding Ana wheal and nil th« prodtMticMia of Ibc miUdlr, lOfimhar «itk 
aome ot tluNw of ihe aoadiwii 8titca> Tbo luilun^ raad jHUMa thtoo^ tha wU« 
and ttrlila tsIIrjc in wlilcli Predeiick and fUeontown are aiuubid, baioK bfnail 
bvlla of tha aame adounibla aoil which ia aean in Lanculei cuuatj, Pannnjitaeda. 
Among Ui«M mountaina »nd hkUt the ait i» elaaiic, ibo cUmata aalubiwiu, and 
ihs walna clear and tranapsrcnt. 

In manufartafM and eoinine(««, Maryland auMaint a varf NapaeukW iwk 

~ VFOollen and eotion-flinU, oupper and iron nlling-nuna. an a—hliatwi 

" ' ' a, and are alao acatiared ovar oihvr paiU af Aa Sttia. Plow 
tnpla ptoduetjona i tha eiMila of me fannm an vnr paM 
, of Ihu latler, tli*< produol It ci>nslilfTahI# and of vsodlml ^nlitj, Tlii 
hairing and ahad Aaberiaa an> acIiTcly caintd on, and yiald nlakhla r«Iuma,i>in» 
alitittiiiE on iioponant anlda of iTode, as irvll aa of home eoMnaplkai the aaa*' 
wefva of Maiylaod la tiiUniiTP, and her foru wrra aa iba <nillata of Urg* iraeu 
of producUrc coantijr in Virginia, Penn^lvania, and tha waalara SMea, «hoaa 
conaumpuou ia alao in part luppUad ihrooKh ttto aama channala. 

The popalation jn IT90 wai 3I0.TlSi in 1800, Sia,tlMt tn ISIO^ 3M,Sje: it 
IflSO, 107,350; in 1S30, 446,!>I3; In 1lM0,469,tt3S, of whotBe9,49A wanalans 
Of Uin frra populallon. l&8,G3e «ci« while maloa, and IM.Ml wllha (intAlaa: 
!)9,tT3 weie coloured nialM, and 93,647 coloomd t^malea. EmpUynd 4* Bfri* 
oolture, 60,^1; in cummprDA, 3949; io manalacii'm and tnidM, lll,nSt b 
mngalingthn oFoan, Till; in naTigattog canals, riTera,d[C., 19)0 1 in tha' 
profeaiiDna, IfilT. 

Them Wfra In Iho Klaln, in l!MO, 92,9M honu and nml«aj 909,714 aaal cM- 
|]oi3AT,933 ihorpi 41043 iwioei puultnrwaa raiani to Ihn Taloa «f nUiTU. 
There were praduead. S,34I>.7S3 buahata ofwhaai ; 733,1177 of na ; R,nJI^S tiT 
Indian corn ; 73,606 of buckwheat ; 3S94 of baTlar ; 3,ASl,il 1 of oaai l,(as,133 
ofnouUMtti 4S8,901 pounds of irotd : !U,BIG,nl3 ot tobaMMj 6C73 of ooHOpi 
CWO of (ilk cocoooB ; SCSfiG of augir : lU6.«lr7 uma of h*y. Tla plaJoda iif 
tha dairy amnunled to ^67,IS6; of tha OKbird. to f 10:^,7(0 i of laiKbar, la 
taCi^VSTt and 7MS callona nfwiiie were (n«d«. Tha rtpnla of Ihia Sm* to 
1840 BmooaM to •9,768,769. and the imporla Io •l,»10,74fl. 

Of llie principal inanufaeturaa, homo^ade or familj aithrlM 

4ITli,All)l 39 fa'linjt-TnlUii and 39«oiill«M manufaploruw pfaluood aitiolM to tha 
tiiMUBi of 9325,900, employing a oapital of 91 17,G30 ; dl cution nana&clDaiM 

trodiiodd aniclca to the value cir*1,ir>0,5B0, amploylng a upilal of |l JAI.IOO: 
i fiifnaoaa produead 9h7(S lona of ca•l4rl^n, and IT fumac<a pnvlnnad 7Vni IdBL 
orbM-Lron.*o>lnnploTn) a rantulof •79MMi 73dUUIkrlai pfulnofil 3eGJI> 
... , _,_,. .... _. .. ,y i„,, uia »i ■ 



galWaof apiriia, and 11 brenariaa produced SKI.HO galluna 11I 
employing a sapltal of 18&,790i (OSaaddlorioa and other ma ' 
produMd Brti«)«a to the arawnl ef #I,OM,yTB, emploYlug a 



articln Io tlic amotint nf C-I^OT^AO, aflil euployiid a(»lilulof9i,0C0,iI*l; ihips 

built to Iba amount of •079,771 ) caniul vrnptnyod in Iba &thi>n««, •Ws94*. 

11)^1 ami^unt uf capital emploTaJ ta maaa&elsraa in Hiu Slate «aa 

Hl John'a Callage, at Aniiapali*, waa fnandad to I7M> 8l Matj's CaUaCa, 

Oaliiiooni, waa fouoJad br Iha Rwoaa CalbaUoi, to ITW. Tin Balivat* 

Mc<iieal8dnMl,foaiidadialWTi and to lattlhwawmaddml n liihelhnltte 

cf ganenl aetoiiM. latr, and divtnilji knd It laceivad iha mam of tha raaae 



I MAKYLANH. 185 1 

r»f M^irybml. Moimi St. Mary's t'nllrjjo wa«i r.^tahlishi'tl at KitimHUliurtr. ii 
l^3U, hy lUr Koiii.in CailMhcfi. Tin mi* institutions hail, m I'^IO, -loo stiidfuUi, " 
ThiT** wfiv ill till* Sialf l*J7 acaiU'inn**, or {*r.iininar-HrhuoU, with 117** sliulfiiUi 
ami fiiC ritiniuon .iixl primary ^cht>nls, with li'i,!<>*J siohi'lars. In thi< St:it(> there H 
Men*, m l*«ti*, 1 l,ti03 whin* imtdohs, ubuvi' 'Ji> vtiirA uf u^i*, who couUi nvithcr read 11 
n^r wnto. 11 

or n hjicMiH il<n<iniir):iiiiMt!«, th«* Human C*alhnh(\< art* the inu»t nuinrr<iU4. Thty 
h.ivi' an ari*hhioho{i, whu ih ni«lrnp(ilitan of tht.' rniltni Static, and (iO t*hurrh('.<i. 
Thi KpiM'-ipalianN havi- 77 miiiiatfrii; the Prt'shytt-rian^ ha vi* 'J3 mi niters ; ih« 
n.i]ti{ii->rr Miih'Hlifit ii>nt*i*n'iu*e, which t'\ti nds int<i nn^hhnurin^ Siat«'s, has 17*J 
ir.ivilliiiir )iri':irhrr<4 ; thr Haplists havi*-J(Miiiiiiiitcrs; the (it-rman Kt*furinvd have 
t* mii)i-«ttT<«. Tht-n' art- aUu Lutheran-*, FrieiuU, rnitaruns, Kc, 

Two nt'thi' i;reati-!tt wurk't o( internal imprnvi.Miient in the I'nited States have 
iit'cn |iri*jii'ied and rnuimrnred in Maryland; the tirttt w the ('he»apeakt* and 
l)hi>i eanal, uhirh etirnnK nreM at (imr'ri-town, II. <\, and ie» di-M^ned to extend 
'M\{ niiU'^ to I'litxhurt;. Thin i<« the ^atk nt' a jMint-:4tork company, chartered 
hy t!if NiateH ut' .Maryland, Viri;iiiia and IN-nn«iylvania. and hancti>)nf-d hy f.'un 
-.rrt <>•«. It wa4 ciiniuifnred in I'^'Ji^.aiul h eonipii'ttd to llancuck, 13lj miles 
( ' lioiiltrahlc wi>rk han htf-ii ilon«' hflweon thiM ami (*umheiland, where a Hpacioui 
hi.-ni 1- in pro«*e!«d of ennrtion. It i<i exiemlfd 7^ mtleM tu Alexandria, un thi 
-•ititn rii pan. A comph-tion to (*umhtriaiid u ill fpen a vast and rirh coal re|^ion 
T.'"- llaliiiiMrr and Ohm raiUmd ih dtNii^in d t(MXt**nti rr<<m llaUinuirc to thi 
0| III rivi-r at W hfi-jjnir, Si'O miles and is the stvond «rreat work. It wan incor 
p- ritti! !»y thf li'uiNlai<irt'« nt* Mar\laml, Vir-iinia and IVi>n!«ylvania, in 1^*J7. am 
r'<!iiiiicn<'*>l July Ith, 1*«'J<. It i<i e>>mp1«'t«'l t'rnm Italtiinure to Cr.mhfrland 
Thfff IS a Midt-<'ui ovi'r ■2K ini'.is ti Fnilrriek. A rail-roail rxtend^ acroMi 
ihi- Siati*, pasMnr through HalliiiMrr, and whieh I'urin^ part uf the rrrimt chair 
f'r 'III \fw Yi'fk and Philadrlphia t-i \Vashini;lon. This ruad pnt'ttdH on the 
naltiinorr and Ohio riiUniad. h niih-N, truui ihi- t'<Tiiier place. The llnliimore 
atiii .^u<ti{u«'haiina rail-road exii'iuU Tiii iiiiI*-<< from llaliiuiure to York, Pa. A 
raiUnad l'.*|' niil«-<« lo|iir i xti-nd;* ffi'iii tht* Haliim<'re ami \Yahhin>;tiin rail-road to 
Vnnipolit. A rail-road extendi f'om Frem h:'»wn to New Ca^-ile, l*e!., connect- 
ir);r t:ii ndawari' and CheKapeak** H !>•«. The ^taiiit* iH elTiTlfd hy a canal extend- 
iii:; iV'-iii Hack cri'ek. a trihiit.iry o( Tik livt r, t'l Ihlanare city, on the Delaware, 
VZ iiiiltH brhiw I'hiladi-lphia. It i<» I'lii fit t wide at the top, 10 feet deep, and 
air'plH a pa'<.'»a)re t<i vtHnt-U ri'ijuirini; that depih of \%ati r. 

Haiiimoris the principal city of thr Siat»', ami, in point nf population, the ihinl 
III ttit' riiioii, MamU on an arm of l'aiap>co llav, ahout 1 1 mile.<i t'rom the (*hi'Ma- 

' p« akf, and 'J(NI from the sea, hy the Khip channel. The hirhour m capacious and 
*iali>, and conHi'^ti of an inner basin, into which ves.4i'U of *JiHJ tiiii.4 can enter, and 
an iiui*-r harbour, at FVlTs Point, aecciiNihli* to the lari;e!«t iiierchaiit-*»hips. The 

.iii'raiu'i' 1h eotiiuiaiidid and dcfciidi-'l hy Fort M*lltnry. lla!timore po<«!icsM'ti 
u* irly ih«> uholf tra>ii* ff Maryland, that of part of \Yi>st> rn Vir4:iUA and Prnii- 
!<yivaii:a. ami ttn' Wi -i* rn Sialen; and it<» inland commiinuMtMii han b«»r>n ex- 
It ndfil and taiM'itati'd hy the cuiiNtruetion of the Halumnre and Ohio raiUruad. 
Miimfii'lurrH of ci.iinn, wc^dlen, f«apir. powdt-r, chemiraU, pi^itrry, ^c., are ilsk. 
«*arrif •! on in the ciiy and nei^hh'Uirh'MMl. Haltimon' in the ijrtatest tloiir market 
Ml till' world; 111 I'^tn, tht-re were inspi'cicd 7(>l,ll.'> ham U, and .ll,GlHi halfjl 
hirnU of tli'ur. lu t«>nna:;e in l^lil wan 7»»,<>J-J. The f»rei'^n trade employed || 
a rapitti of SLIiiLriiNt ; the n ttil trad**, ^ii,7iW,til I ; and l\.v manufactures 
$iJ.7"Jl».!XI. Italtiiiiorf ha^ 3 hank-!, with an air«»re;rate cipital of $"J,rniU.(HH», 
and i> in-ur.mcf c<i:iipanii'K. Tlu' puMic huildin.*<t are 105 churches, 'J itosipitaU. 
•J iheatr* t, a cireim, muhcuin, prniifiitiary* e\rn »ni»e, the ci.llrjre and univiTnity 
hill-. \i'. The Haltle Monument, envied in memory id' the ^!lcr^•■»!»f^ll drfencf 
id' the City, \»lun atlickcd hy the British in Hit, is an eh^jrant marble obelisk, 
ll'$ fci t hiiih, on which are inscriWd the names of iho^e who fell in that (rjlUnl 

;' itTair. The \Va<*hini;t mi Monument h the ino«t splendid •ttntctun* of the kind in 

j the country : it i< a Doric column of white marble, with a circular ««tairca%e inside* ■ 

hy vvhii-h vou ascend to the t<<n; the column i?* I**!) feet in hei;rht, and CO ff*et in . 

■ ' . . /. _. J_. i 




UNITED STATES. 

I at iHittoin i il lUnd* U^on ■ baM "Xi ttn lilgli, and I* uittvmilrd by • 
itatiiB of ihe Palhor vt hii Caunlrj. 'llie cxchann b ■ la«f o aad ImmP 
odi5«i, Siifi TptI ti]r HOi itto Koiu>a Catholic r«ui<idfal h, Mriia|it, iha 
oliuirli in Utt oounliy, »iwi it conuin* kuido eood painting*. Tfc# ,-•■'- — 
Idmore an not luoro tliAtiDgulshni fot Ihf b WId Had pKfwvaiug i ~' 
foi boapitaliiji niid igrasBtile maonfre. In I76A. thora wcf* not 
hoawa on llio ailn of the city; in 1600, die po|>al3tiat) bad '~ 
I i and in 16(0, to 109,313. 
..jdlvof Aimsipali*, agrrcab); MHiatod on iho Scnrn riinr, tlireo OlilM ffum 
, jMnpcake Bay. ia Hip captlal of Lbu KtBt«. It Is t«i>u1aily Idd out. <riib tha 
■tnxiti <livF^lns from tlia Stal«-1ioiiM nod tbo Efiacopnl rtiuicli. Tb* Sttl»- 
hnuw i* ■ handiotnn baildins. in wbich the Otd Congniu licld aom* uf (Mr 
■THioiia; and the t^vntw chambrr. In which Waahinstan rralgenl hU Mmutiia* 
■lim, lia« brvn pmrnred unattrKd ; hDro itr likuwiu the Stat» iibtary cf IIM>al 
Tolumca- Atina)>ollii It sIho th« «t>at of St, John** Collt^. Th« ^umel la the 
riiy Ih oairow and diRicull. Population. 9T93. Ctnltncli eily, 41 niitra wrM 
of Bnlliiiiore, ii, in point of wmtlh. ilrgano*, and popiibtlioBi Ibo anroBd city in 
Mvtyliind. It la connrnlcd with the UBltimon! and Ohio nll<raai) b« a Irnntli 
t«ad of S) inil». The poDalatlon, in 184(», &189. Norlli-wi-U lT««n Ktnlntck chy. 
and ncai iho north Una uf the Stai«, w Hagrralown, a WolMiutlt and Iknriaklay 
town, rontslninj^ tfao u*nal county buildin|[a, unral ehorcbaa and •oadaviM, 
and a population of STSOsnuli. WIIIUniapcrrt,*lih«inuDlfaM'tliuCDwicooh«Bna, 
ia ■ nourishing TiUntfa on the ttmto vf Itw BatttaMnt awl OMo n^ttmJ, MtiAUm 
ChaaapdtiM and Oblo canal. I'opulailon, SOa 



DISTRICT OF COLt^MBlA. 

tarnConp of icn niil«a w|nan, nndirr the lmin«]iala ^■nrnanakl of 

Hatgttt*, and tharnnnv ia one rrpreannM In that body. It la dhkled iaU too 
_ , .... j_.. _■., .!._ . , u ^pnf,|,_ Til, (iui« ttt 

fle*. W»hi. - ' " 

■4iU. '^i* dUtrict liva ud both »idt* of tita Polomac, IW 
tA, brlw«iii Mitrylnbd and Vltipnln. and una pMlnl in the fFnvnit ginvnt- 
Hby lltnaeKlatMin ItSO. The t>npn|ail<n) of iho IKatriiniBiowntad, in IsJK 
||^.T'19. of which 4694 wen ilaia*, and »3Ct fiw hbehe. 
10 eily of Woahinition wa» laid our. nndpt tha 
B wbnan nainn It bean, in 1791, anil bx^anui the ■ 

It atonda in tha centrw uflhvUiatnot, upon llicnnnh bank afUie 
It tliP rivCT and tha Kaat llniiu^. Dm uf lea trifaanulea. Tha plan af 
'diy eombliuia rrfularity with varlriy, and ii adaiitad tn lh» Twiailnaa *f tlia 
' ~ *i> that Ilia annoa allnllMl tn piiblio buildine* nmimr imntnondhM peai> 



d tbr muoolunoni Mnn 






_ ir dmiun fa aioMnd, 

■ ■4Taiii;i|[f«a» *rrur*4. I^ii'innt Mnwl* run al right aagika, bat uw lancM 

m* di»«(E fmro •r*er«l cnnim, Intmnr.iine iKn rUmU with varinura d«eiia* 

diqnily, and vpenlnK »]>araa fur intlPsnivD npur^v. TThe aiaallw »tttml» rMi 

itli, *«at dihI vrai. otid nra fnnn W (n 110 fuel nid*. Tt<c 

Bn> frnm 1.10 to ICOfnt Id irldth, and m iduilaii with ttm. 

il of thn largoi unit* at Um Mil UD ohtch tbt ''Jiplb?! U aitnated. Ihrmt 

«t III* tanin of Ihv at-Trral -SlBtca uflbe lluion. 

WaabiDj[U)n i* iba rr^i>t*D« nf tha I'midrni i.f lbs t'nilfd SiaMa. and rf tbr 

h(r chinrawntitTB rfliccra nf the Federal (•uK-rtini'-ni, aad nf fitfritn Bitnbtrr* 

K Uia llnlteil StiiM. Confnvt morti hrm annually on tl« Brat M(.nJ«y nf 

I>Maaili««, and (lia Snprainf Ppdwral Cnvn holda lia aoiinal anaisfH br(». 

Tha fopulatirai nf the citi l« ■.■3.3G1, infrludtnf JOIM frfa Mackt, and tTtS 
abns I but, duilnit the leaaiuo of CoDirrrH, thn dly I* Ihnmtvd witli xiaitnn 
ftum «1l pBTi* iTfUir wricld. ThnbuiMlnK* wbiKh llaanUJoa are ii« (hne dt^ncl 
part«i ODD {>niiij>n bclnc in itin ncluhbouihood nf ihr iisTj-yatd, uii'ilin In dia( 



DisTUurr OF' couMni \. 



Ib7 



1 



of ihf (*jpituL and anotltrr on IViuisUvaiiia Avt-nui*, wliirh i .\u-iiiU fr>iii ilii. . 
(*apilul lu ihf l'ri'aidi*ni*8 houBo. 

'rhe Capitiil IH a I'lri^i' ami mairnitu't lit htiiliiii.:; i i* fMi'>i>ia'. V*'f2 \\v\ \"n\r^ ic 
iho Mhipt* of a rrohM, wiUi tlit* Ui)»r('.M'i>lali\< >* ll.ili >iii>l X.,v Sruaii* ( 'tuiuitii-r ii 
i:if t\%o wiii};m, and a •ipa<'i->u<i Miuii'ia in itn* ri'iii.r. 'I'ln ll.kll i-l Id jtrt m-lU' 
tivi-» In !4f:uitMr<'ular, *l.'i tW't in !«ii<:tli, and (io in U> i^*lii, li^. .!!*•! Uf.xi tin- i>f|i; t 
IB '*nv t}\ ihe nio^l «-li';;.iiit halU in ifw wiTld. 'I'r •• Ni ii.»i»* Cliiinbtr is of ilu* 
t.inii' hhapi', and 71 fvit ioni;. TIm* r«>tinid.i is 'J6 i'l-il in di.uiM-it r, and is t*ii t'ftt 
hi'jh lo *\iv lop of thr dnnn* within. It is all "f in.irlil*'. and ihi* t1<>ur in Im-.ii.Ii- • 
I liV p:ivtd; till* \%li'ili' Uhh a ni<i*>t irr.ind anJ iiiip< hmi^ t ()• ri. Sevi-r.tl pit d--^ of 
<>'>4[pl-ir'- Art* plifM'd in nirlir.s in tin' walls, n pn m 1111114 cvt nis '" Anii-iUMn 1 
i.i-t'ry. 'I'he Sound lit' a Mnijli* v>iii'i' utUTfd in mis .ip.iriint ni 1^ i-»*:i<< d t'ri*in 
'hf dxni" ab'i\f with a ruinhiini! like disianl ihniuli r. Thi* \.tti< n:tl l.ihr.>rv 
It <* iiit.tii.t.d in the (.'ajulij!, and i-inbract-d aNo a s* ri> s ut* iiili'.>uil painiin^^ hy 
Triimbnil. 

'I'hr Pfr^ii'ii'iil's \i' u-»\ alsi» r.f rrM-»ii>nr, is iivii !>t<'riis l.i«;Ii, wiili a l-'l'iy Ims«'- 
ni< fit, and II has a tVunt ••!* l'*0 t'i-«-t, atinrni •! witliaii 1 •r)i>' p<<':i''><; it !<« s irri>i.n<!*-d 
'iv ♦•\ti ii-iv 4r«»ni:d-«. On t .u'h !*id** ap' ihi' I'ur fiWci - *l l\\v v\ n/ivi- ilip tI- 
iufiii'<: -n Xhv wf^t an* ihp War an I Navy, and <»ii ih** r.\^\ \h% St lU- '.'ril Viv.i- 
s'.rv d' :iir!iiii'n!s. 'l'h» iii'ii'Tal I'-Nf-olKf" . rn'tinlv hmit "t iiiarid' . i- •»ilii.iir»i 
i'» «.thi!r-ua\ ht twicii the l*r*s|i|iiii*<. h'-u-p ani t!if ('.»pi!.l: in .«r it i-" l!*.i 
I* lit i;l 0;iu'i', a haiiiifWip* »-iiirK*f •»!" l'r»"»'sii-jii', tin* »«;»p« r p irt "t* uhiiMi i» fiTupi**, 
'••V xhv .\.it;'>ii,i| ln<«ti'.uU'. Tliin- art* ai"*" h« r»- an ar^'i n A and a iiivv-vard. « rd 
•t •*-ly ht!1, an h> .-pilal, pt- nil< ntiarVi in.Nant* .is\!tiin, 'Jl rhnrrhos, thi* halU of 
• * l.iMiWi.i C'uIU'^i-, \.f. \ hran«*h • Ithf ('hi^apfak*' and Ohm ranal li rniinatcfi 
I :n thi- i"ity. 

iii ■:.;• t iwn is a!»'»iif thnv rnil' s \\« nI<'!' ihi- C*apil 1, an 1 1"% j li .isinliy -^Jl'ial*''!, 
•• 'iiini.ii'iii.*; a pr- -^piri if thf riM-r, Ih-- nii^iili">;riii.j rslv, .sihI ihi- dl\♦•r■^lfn•d 
••■•I'nlry in !:i»' M'lniiy. Thi* h-ui^i-i iti- rhw l«\ i»f !iri«'k, ai.d ihi rr ari* iiiuny t-lo- 
t;aiil \:!l in m drd« n i.t piris. Th'" < '.itii.«!n' t'.-lli i»i hi rf h a n hpi I'li'.hli' iii«>lilu- 
tiun. (•• "f.'i'lMwn In a ttirivnrj p! »••• , an-i h.»s •■•■nd )• r.\\A*' c«>iiiint rrv ; luit ihi» 
iiaMUf.:!. n I'f til" riv»r i^ Mh«.tr«.t'tiil !»y a h.ir ju««l hfl w thi* i 'wn: hor»* is .lU • a 
•'anii'ii t't'iindi'ry, 4 lianks. 7 eh ir<*!i« s ^'^ Thr Chi saptakf and Oliiu i*aiial 
•■"iuuii'ni" s :ii this |.j.u"i». IVipnl.iti n. 7:»1 -. Thi- • iiy of \\**\ u^lfia, iii\ uiiIps 
h» ; >y\ \V.iNhinj!'»n. "ii th«* oppoMt*' -^i !•• nf thf Vox »!ij u'. rarrn's iin an i*\tiMisivo 
in !i- III :I .:r. I Ilia''"' «, \,i'. 'I'tir I'lty i-> r»'«:iil irly I dd ••!!!; it h.i<* a !••• «i h.ir'.)'»ur, 
with i->iirn >i)i-ii< u h •.rvt>. and is a«v»-*.si!»!i» l-i tm* lar^' -^t -!ip«*. Ilifr an* a 
lli'^h S. h • 1, .1 nif!-* I> '^rdinEj-s^iMni"!, '.irpli-r il»»' 1 !iArj«» "f ihi* SihIi rs if I'l.arity, 
tii Orjtii 1:1 \««\lMiii, 111 r.'ii.riMirs, HI vertl taiis.i rh -, i-n^iiu* n»anufart»ni»'», f"un- 
•!• rn <. I* .;i. n-niill", \«'. I'"pijl.tti-'n, M.'ili. \ hranoh of thf I "hf^.ipraki* and j 
O. I j C'.mal I'Mifid* fr.Mii lt'« ••r;;i l«tt n !•» this [>:aiT. ' 



S«U TMK UN STATKS. 

Tni: **»»iTf'«» I'f Vi'/iii I. \ ■nil <'i'. !ini. S. w.'j Car-'iiia, (i*»M>r'jia, Fl uida, Ala 
'Miii.i, Mi'«M.s>ippi. .11.1 I.>iii'«i.ii. I. .•.'• Ih sf u«*.,al.y liTiiit d Ihi' S«>!ithi rii Sliiis: 
till' vih-ii- nM»!«,ri i\ti n !■» !r ni I'sr Pi in.i.' \* •.' •• >ahiu«" riVfr: lis c-«h«iIh an 
w .t-tif '\ "II l!.»' VA>\ ''\ iti«.' Vil.nf.'* < *••• .i«', .'.n i "t\ \h»' s uih hy lh»' (iulf of MtAico. 
rill- ari'i of ihi" wh-lf T"\ii 'U is ah i.i t'Jn.oon »»ipi iri» niilis. 

'I*hi iMi'l of iMiu try in '.hi* S»»thi'rn Si,»:. s h.»r.!.Tini» i^n th»* Atlantic, i^ a liiw 
"aiidy I'! lin. frMii r»<« i • I<m» nuli-s ••: • id. and, in i:»'n«'ral, r.-.Vfred with pini» fonsln. 
Htyoii-i ihi*. t >w.ir'!'» '.}•!• \IIi*i:h «ni» «., 11 h«i'>iiii-!« i*l»vat«'d and hi1!v« and lh«*n 
inioii.taii Hi<, T'l -•• p rti.-n- iif V'aS iin.«. Mio<«i«oippi. an i L.Kiisi.ina, w hicM hor* 
•iiT •»!» \i.' li*.\\ " I M« \M' ', ari- h»w ai«i i»'Vil. In ihr intrri-ir thry an* divcrM- 
fii'l. and in ».imih* p.i'!' •:»•» '.iiliin ••;«. Tht* I *w r.nir.irhs in all ihi' S'luthi rn Stat***! 
:ir»' !n"*»!'\ harn n, • M'»'pl "ii thi* h»Th*r«» >>( rivi-r-*. whi r»» ihi- s mI is vitv fiTtil**. 

Thf inh ihit i!i?s i f iV«^ Si.iith»Tn Sia!i»s an- n«3'ly.»ll 'H-i'Mpii' I i\ith airfiiMil- 
tu'i*. Thi* r-nimi rri', whh-ii is r\tiMisivr, ih primMpally in th»' hands <.f funi'^n- 

■ . _ _ ,» 

3)S 



VIKCIMA. 1^9• 



llir A • <4li;iny r.inf;c i>l' inountainii, with its iiuiui r* u^ rL<l>;* .s, cuvcrii tlit* ^ilmlr 
niiilillt' •« ii'in o( thi!« Stati*, ami ^ivrs it :i ni^rirtMi hurt'ari*. Thr country i'ii<«t of 
tilt* iii'iuiiUiiis diiscfiid!! gradually to the flat :in<l .s.iiidy alluvjiiii i>l' Ihi: rta-it. 
T\y*. district wpst of the mouniamn ih hilly. The s<iil varirs {rn-aily, hc-iii'4 ^u^dy 
and Mtfriie on the coatU Vfry ft-rtili* «in iht* buiilvM ul' rivor», aiiil pri'tiiu'tivi* in thr 
valleys of ihe Alle<rhaiii4'is. The cliniutu is fijually \aried, \i*'iiujf hot, iii<iit.t,aiui 
unhealthy in the lower alluvial country, and cool and Balubrious aniuui; the ninun- 
tainn. To the priNluctiun^ common to the n^rtliern and middle Hertionn of thr 
I'nion, this Static addii the Hwect-potiito, the iinesi t ihacco, and in the southern 
partii riiit>m ^h a rr<>p. The production*! of the ni-rth nnl the south, applet and 
wheat, cott'n and txhacoo, nif*el hern as in 'lVnnPS!»ee in the wti^itern country. 
The temperature, noil, and cireumAtanecH, are Kuppo^^ed to bn favourablu in the 
hii;he*»t de;rri>«* to the cultivation d' the i;rape and the mlk mulberry. 

The mineral wealih of Virtrinia is bfiundle.-*^ ; g'-ld, cop|»«T, If.id, ir-n, ciKil, salt, 
limestone, marN, ^p'^utn, nia^rneman, ropper.is, and alnin cartlis, thermal, chaly- 
beate, and Hulphurettt'il Hprin;***, excellent marbles, irranileM, !ina[»-ston(-< and »and- 
Ht mes, &e., are amun>; the treasures a« yd t'cr the nt>>si part lytni^ idle in the, 
b iWi N "\ \\v earth. Munii-' industry hi**, !:« wever, ren-riilv lakt-n .1 start, and' 
Will 1! • ihili t.n HiMin alT<>rd pmt'itablei'mpl'iyiiifnl t>j many fi the iiihaWHant^. 

Of the nitttallic products of Viririnia, if"ld i« ore i>f the mi<*it important. It 
i*i found on both Niden of the North and Kapi.l Ann rivers, <>f the North and! 
.^outh Anna near their heads, of the Kivanni in the lower part of its course, and t 
of the Jaim*^ river aboTD and below the ninuth of the Uivanna. The belt of , 
eiiiiiitry in which this metal exists, p\t<-nds ihronirh Spoitsylvania, and some 
lU'K^hbourini; counties, in ■ aouth-wi^t direction. tn!<> Ni«rlh and South (*ari>lina, 
(■eor:;ia, and Alabama. In this State the |rold is diffused over lar)^ surfaces, and ^ 
hao III it b»'en found sufTiciently in maKs, except in a few places, to make mining 1 
profitable; about S5*i,(HH) wortli was obtained in l^tO. 

\ a^t t'i'bU of coal exist in Viripnia, both of the bituminous and anthracite 
kinds ; of th" former, |rreat beds have lN>en found spreadin>; over an extent of many 
mill's, in uhich the seams arc soinetimes 30, 10, and even CO feet thick, and of 
exctdli'ut ipraiity. (*oal has been mined and exported in considerable quantities' 
I'rom the vicinity of Kiehinond, fr>r many years pa>*t. Iron ore exists also in vast 
quantities, in various parts; in »ome places it is found between immense layers, 
of cal. 

Salt sprinjj"! occur at various placet; at some of which works for manufacturing 
ih»' ^^.^u•T into ?*alt have been epeet«*d : the m«'!,i important are on the (Ireal Ka-j 
na wh.i ruer, in the vicinity of Charleston. The ijuantity made here is about 
I.'»tHt,iiiM) hii<<hrls annu.illy ; 70 f^llons r.f brine yieldinir I bushel "f salt. Vir- 
iTinia c.iniains a profusion uf mineral iprinirs, tf i;ri>at and various virtues, many 
iti which have aequirtM much reputation fiT their medicinal properties, and some I 
of them an* much resorted to. 

The pr.pnlasi.m in 1790 was 7l7,f.lO; in HOO, HM'i.irJ; in 1-10, y74,fi.h!; in 
l-JO. l,iu;.V*r.ri; in l^ao, I,;»ll,-i7*J; in IMO, I.J3y.71»7; of whom ■IIh,!!^?! 
WIT" -l.ivi *. Of the free population, 37I,*J*J3 were wl.Ue niab-s; 3rill,7l3 while 
r-fn\!es; •J'*,»«I4 wen* eolnured males; *Jb.ih!0 C'doured t'> males. Kmploytsl in , 
aijriculiure, .'i!*«.77I ; in ininin|r. 11*95; incommeree, Ct3Ct{ ; in manufaciun s and j 
tra'les, 51,1 17 ; in navitritini; the ocean, 5-'J; do. canals, rivtrs, ^^*-« '<2'J^'J ; in 
ihi' learned professions, S^Gii. 

Then* were in the State, in IfilO, 3-jri,43'' mules and horsi-is; l,(>24,14H neat 
cattle; I .•^i3.77'2 sheep ; 1.992,155 swine. Poultry was r.iised to the value of 
$7.M.i".IH. 'IVre were prodiicetl, 10,109,71(i buNh. Is of wheat; l,4sj,7y9 of 
rye; ••7, 130 of barley; 2I3,H*>2 of buckwheat; 3|,577,.V.M of Indian corn; 
I3,4."»7.0i;jof onts; *J,9t l,riCOof pnutoes ; 2,."i3%37l p -un U if wnd ; 75,317.106; 
of tobacco; -Jiriri of rice : .I.l9t,m3 of ct iton; 1,5I1.'»33 of s.icar ; 31I»l of ^Ik 
civ-uons; 3ril,7<H tons of hay; 'jri,.'!?! of hemp and flax; 1,50<Mh>0 bushels of 
».alt. The products of the dairy were valued at $1,4*^0,4-^; of the orchard, at 
$70.'>.7rM; of lumber, at #53S,09*2; and 13,911 {gallons of wine were made. 

'I'he exports of the Stole for the year endini; September 30th, 1H41. were 



VI»f:iNI.\ 191 

••:iitii. ivi"*, wliu'h ri:ii:ii.tiiil lint* vii'W-* n( liir Mirr>Minilin'^ co'inlry, and jjivr lo 
tin- •■!*.\ .III .iir • r "in/'il »r biMtity. 'VUv \\fhlt>rii •livi'«i«>ii <M*i'n|>i(!« :i liii»h |«lam 
i*iii«>t Sliork'x* lliil, i>vi-rl"<<kiiii; the lowi-r Ihmii, aii<l roni tilling a btai.iuul 
« [t If'- I la!! >:l till .itTfH, whii'ii i» ailiirniii wiii t'liii oha-!' tri-i ■«. aii<i iaid • ut in 
•;ri\»ll«.! w i!k-»; U* r« , in :\ r'«m:iianiiin^ ^iti2a!i<>ii, -lamN tin (*a|ii:><l or S'.jir-j 
II iiM>, ••ni lit' til** 111 'Ht I Irjant N'.nu tun ?« in tli«> I'liiUii Si itf^, <-i>iit iiiiini; ai 

-.t-ii r W.iHltinii' n Ny ll'-n-lfn; anii i'inti.»«i«''.- I" it it th* I'liy II.-.I!, a i.iai • 

.•ilifii'f i.r lUv I), rii- • ril« r. Tlif «»iii» r jmiMii- liuiMmn^ an* tin* Arm- ry, IN-ni-l 
I. :s'.i '.rv, hi ••huri h- ', a ihi'.i'.n-, K>\ 'VUv I'lty l-* •»iipi»!iri| With |u.ri" w.Wvt Irom 
iir.f rixrrv'nr-, t-i- li ••■•iilainuij |,«mm>,im»o t;!!!. ri*. .nil lilini l»y t«'» pump*, j 
wliii rajii* .It ill* r \l*- ••!' '•nii.iMio ;r.j|l.,|,^ lu ilir ^Jl li.uri. l{u-|iin' ni !•« lln 
• .:iil« -. rr-'Ui th' in-'Uiti .t' ilu- rivi'r, whii-li rarrir-^ l.'i !••. i m|' w.i'.ir I" wiiliin a !» w ' 
[•mi- ■» t-f till' rii\,;iT»»l a!V'r«U Im.it ii iM',Mli«-n f-T 'JJO niii»N .ih.vt- iln- I'.tlis. 'I'Iu'm* 
.:u\ ml.i MS I ii.ii'lt It i« i-.irrv «'n an « \l» univ^ irulf, h tn in .ii.»i ami by ft«*a; t'n* 
, .11.1. . il v.ilu'- •■!" fh' «'\|i'»rtN hi in;; aS-'i.t iI.imhi.imhi .li.;l ir*. m aM-lili-'ii t • a val s- 
.I'l.i I- ii-iiii'.j iri'h'. I. •.':!•■ 'iJ liiti'.S' ■« • r \\ h» .If. I'l -ur. i h i. «■ ■, \o., ari* hr< !;•;'«»* 
t' iwit li\ Vi" J.i'i,. ^ ]ii\*T r.ii.il. 'I'l.i ril! , i.f \i.v ri\»r nnin ili.iii ly ah.ivi- tin* 
I mSv all- r«l an f.ii'.niii:* I \\a!»r-ji ■«• r. wl.ifh i-; ! xru \\ .ipp'hil l « niniiit'.irlurin-i ^ 
' |i..r|« -• ■*; thin- ar« h» n 'Jl rt.n:riii/-niil!-, inikiii'^' aT.in..r!y T.'i.niMi lnrnU •-! , 
i1 -jr ; in r\itn-»ivt ir n-w "rk-, w »th w lii<*h !•» r«'nf.» cli il r.-liiiiu am! Hlitiii.;; inilU. \ 
, .itiii n 111 f" ""t 'rn s, luxnli-"* niisiti r--:;- t 'h.!!*!*.! I'.hm i"i» h, a l.ir;;«' ••«'tl« n mril, papiT ^ 
, :ni.!.»^.*. Till' 'Mprili nipl'iyril in nianulafliirmir. in I««1M. :ini«>unli'il li»$l,.'l7C,!*.'iO. j 
; I*'p'ilaii in, in I-^li*. 'Jl.l.'i.'f. Mai.finHiiT, <'ri fhi •.••ulli hhIi- i.t' Janni ri\ir, is. 
ruiini-.'tr,! Willi Uii-|inii>ii>i hy Ma\.''<» Hriiljf. Il r' nt.iiii"* •»! vrr.tl fai'l«»ri» h, 3iiO j 

|li.!i^» s, ;in«l .itinul I.'iiMi luiiahitans. A r.iil-r«»ail « \lt mi-. t'r.»in ihi-* pla« i- 13 iniii'* 
\%iN:warl, t» thi' i-Ml-inii.<-«, wl nh yi'M a iiii!1ii>ii h«;«»}n'!* <ifi'ii;l inn-. ally. 
'I'll' pniK'iptl M.i-p-rt "f tin-. S:.iii it N»»rl- Ik, whn'li h situain! «n ti.o Klixn- j 
liil'i nv.r.»ij!it nnli - rrnni lltnipl->n K«"ati-. Il^ harh ur i- •:• # p am! rapai-i-Mis 
I I-.', ••!' .»••<••■>*«*, ani prrtivlK M>Miri- ; tin* U-»a«i, an i \p.in>i"-n •iJaii.i- rivi r jiisl 
aS -M i:i in-iilh. ail" nU tin- siiu -I im-h- rii!« m lh»' \%« rh!, an'l k r.ipahh- ff i«»n-I 
liii.h.j 11". Mi.itiMl n.iM« •*. Tin- riiirani'»-. In iwn n HM T'lini ('<>;nt- rl ami a sniil- 
hir >'i'.M i '.III- Kip K.i)i*«, i4 railu r in >r»- ilian a inili' in whlth, ani i- fitrmiit-i] hy * 
K ■•! Nf nr M ami r«»il Calhnin. 'VUv fiv.M.rahl.* -.I'lLiti-n •»!' N 'ff'-lk, in rojjani ' 
! • {•.»• N. I, ani i*H r.niit\i n uilh tin* in'.irii»r \'\ ini'inj* if' ihi' I)i<«uial Nuainp^ 
(' ti.t! .M.\ til* P'Ttsiii >utli ami H'>in' ki' H iil-riia>i. Ii;ivi' ntailc it tlu- chiif r<.ni- 
nil r. 1 .1 •iijnl .-f Vir/iiua, ami, in l-l«*, r.'.»»7'.» i. n-J of shipping hilnnjtd l«» thi* [ 
»• ri. Tilt I iwii i«. hiiill «»n l"W jjn'un.i, ami thi* ii« i 'lih.»nrh'«Ki is marshv ; tho 
pMMijiil sir* * l> arr Ulli pavi'l .:i:il r!ran, h-:t ihi* ■.!h»rs aii' U-n rMUunmii'iuB 
an i m«ri irnunlar. Thf nuililrn'/-* an* n 't <ii"tir.'.'M<*lii •! f'»r tliiraiM'f, hut >.«'nir . 
I npr •\i'iu«'nls havi hrrn inaili- i-f lati- yiarn in tlii> ri -pivt. Thrfi- an- *» I'liurrhi *, II 
."• haiiki, .1 niarin*' h>>spiial, a tin atn-, iynuni. \i*.. an<l a pnpnlatt'ii of lO.llJO. j| 
At ii •«»|» »rt, in l'<«rl-ni>>uth, nn I* •• oppoMlr >nii» i t" th»* ri\iT, i«» t'ln* nf lh»" inii«*l •' 
inip<<rl.int niv\-\arti!< ot' thi* I'lutui Stale**, in 'iil.iiniiK^ a nra^fint'irint <iry-4li<*k, **i 
hi'wn jjrani't ,!•• n'»:ru''lni at ari«*t of ".»T I. '*."»»> iJ li-irs. I'i)pulati •iiof PiTt-.nmnlli, 
fi.'ilHi. .^ i!!'it'k iH a thrivint; littlr t^un t«i liu* n •ith-wi st. uith l-'iiH) inhahiianiti i 
r. fitanii'i «n thi* NanMiU'n'i rivi r. an-i is .■.•rissi »►'.»• tn rt-^-^i 1« nf" loo iinn. i| 

1*1 ti r-'M.rj, on ihi- ri'jiii hank ot'the App"ina'.i>\ rivi-r, ii a han<i?i<>ini' and tluu- 
rinhinj t<>\%n. uiih II.Kili inhahiiantA. rttiuhinini; an aoiivr traiir in rrtti*n, floiirt 
ami i.»h.irro, with rnannrartiirin;* indiiMry. ViS'ttU (irauini; Htvi*n fi-4 1 of wati»r 
rriinr up to the town, hiii !ari;e hhipfi unload at City P'lint, at the inoulii of th^ M 
river. The f.ilU of tin* App"nia:t«'X furn-h aniplf uati r-powiT, and then* are 
here •<• v« ral t'oii»n-iiii!ls, im rrh.mi l1'>ur-nii)!-. u''*"'. •"•'* ■*a\%-iiiins, ri p«-wa!ki». 
woollen farKiry, K*\ S .rne di.iianef, ah w l*i ii rshur^, and aUo un the Appo- 
mattox rivir, \a F*arin\illi, a flouriohint; l««wn, ini'"rpi'r.iU«i in l-3'J; it eontain« 
"2 iar^r tobacco uarf'h(>u>ti», .O tobacco factorie<«, ami varioun mechanic hhnpa. 
Pop-ilaiion about 1000. 

N'^rth-wesit from Kichuiond, and on the Uivanna riTir. is C*harlr>tte9Tille, wilh 
about 1000 inhabitants. It U pleananlly ftiluat*>d in a rbartninf; valley, and di^ 
rivi « iiH interest from ils bfini* the »»mI of the Virifmia I'niv* r«*iiy. Tliehall* r.f thi^ 
^ \aiuable institution form a fine collection of buil%lin|r«. Tbret; miles from Thar- 



193 UMITED STATES. 

lottdTillc is Manticcllo. Uie wat of Uie Utu PrunlJvnt JflTonoo. The mukioa 
occupies t. lofiy riiidiuIi o[ ihc South-Wcil Mountain, SOU fMrl kLctc tbe Riruna, 
and commnndi a viaw or the Blue Hiittie on the numi, and of ih* law ojamtj «• 
far u tho e;e c«ri reacli on ttiu fMl- \ timiiU gnaitu oboliaV a*«f tii« gnn of 
Jeflsnon hem ihU inicriptioti. wriCtoo bv himulf : THomoi Jtffaron, SaAar ff 
the Dettariaimiif ttid»pmdtrm,»t^ Fimmi^ofAeUrnvrrntpi^VWgiia*. 'SmAj 
WMI from Rinhmonil, and lUO mile* dUUntt U L^nchnnrg, aituaicd on Um 
loutiieni bank uf Jaaioi rivor. It is * oMt and flounBhlnjc uiws, corrjrlng m aa 
ictiTO trada.and contsininff RootB matnifaeioni:*. The wawt-povm aOonlcil bj- 
itio rivBt i« partially cmplorod in projivllint; a ccuon-mill, ^ml tnimS mw anil 
flaur-inllU; aiid tlitro ar« lier« MnnRnns, t«KsiN:ri fariorliM. &r. Kcrml tuBd. 
' ■iDut pnckot-biKit* piv d.iilf on'the riTnr, belwMrn thi* plaoo ftnil RlrlinOBd. 
The lu*n ts gHpiiliinI Willi •nu'Vn from a iKacivnir rrmtainiiiK 400,001) nllani, 
fell h; B double tnrcing'piimp, and p1ic«d at (ueh an elt<ratiati na to throw a 
copioua atmam over tlits too* of llix houaes. Iijnctiburg Is mm> of thn Urpat 
tobacco nisrkatii lo Iho wnrld ; ftom IS^lWOiOOO to W.OOn.OUOpantnli ar» Inipeclol 
aiiDDalljr. Poputadon, 639ft. Danville, on Uio Dan river, wlilo)i ia iiaiipb;i 
bji boaia tMoe distanoe abovo. Is s flouri(hin)f vUln^ vUh 1200 inhahituai; 
its pokilinn cominnndi aomo tnidc, and thvre are boihb mannfiiolDiiM hiic 

l\us Grntt Valley (iuoliuu conalsls of an •lovawd tahtr-Iaiul bMtnwn tlia Btin 
Ridge and tba Allngiittny chain, from 1200 to ISOO fnrt akove Iha aea. It ia. 
bowevcr, Iravenied bj wvonl mountain ebalna, foroilng niunermu aobor^inaU 
II -. f •!!- _.j ^-.^w^,^-^..^ >^j -.-.•:> ..41 1: > ^ _<„^._ .J .l^_t.^^ 



wildoBsa and brauiy. Its rate coniblitatlon of gtent agncwiinj; 



wealUijcanimumU. .. 

Forry, celdbnilad for thr- m^Jaatic amoery in tta vionitT- Tlia lowa bu a fft- 
laiion of abaul SOOO inhabitaott, and coiilaina three cBurebea, an arailony, two 
Masonic hiDa, one of Ui« Inrgcat floujing-niilla In tlw Uulotx, aa An<na) t4 ihs 
UniMd Slatai, nonlaining ahoul fl3,0ft0 atonda of am*, nnd an Armoir fat IW 
mannfaoture of firo-armi. K rail-road ctt«nilB from Uiia plan W WunEhasiar, 
one of the mo«l flourikliing towns In iho Kuif, niih 3454 laLsbltAntB, li attaAa 
on thn Bile of old Fott Loudon, lo the niidiit of a very rich and hif Mf •<^lirMsl 
tract, inlisbitod by an induklrkuus and thrivint[ population. Wlao)iii«lar ka the 
dfrpAt of iho Bunoandins (^ountn, and ila trada uul msnafsMviM an) Mlabahra. 

Fiedrrloksbura 1« a flonrlBliiiig U)«n st tbe tiesd of Davlfatjod «n ilia Rapp^ 
bannock rivet, wnteb ndniita rcsKls of ] ti) tons np io iho w*m. In tituatu* 
maltM II tli« depAt dT a wsU-cultlvaUxl tract, anil it* trade is otnaldanbla. T»- 
incfMi, vfanai. flnuf, eoiti, ttc., ant the principal anlclvs of caportulcn. Ponirf^ 
tion.3f*T'l. FalinouUi,PortBoyaI.'rq>«khaiiiiook,and UtbanBa,sw amall vUUffls 
on llio REppahanniiok. In M esunot«fand county, ou iba Potootar, Is Btunrn u» 

r"*" •"""'" -.... - .. . - .. 
1 1 

A simpla ■Ion*. Wtlh llin JnKriptioa, Itnt, m lb IIU if t^lmmry 1739. iirwrgi 
1t'a<ftiitri«i tew Aem, deaiffnales llie eonaeoiated spot. Kunknr Vf Iha rivu, 
rigbt tDilea IVom Alexandria, Is Mouiu Vsmon, ihs seat and il>i> lontb of ikai 

rl and gDol man. The iuaaaia»{ioos« Is a ainipk irnnlaB bufldian, ti>w no- 
hl|h. with a plain portico extattdlng tha whole logtb, aisl rDmiituidin|| a 
vivw miiie rivnri the bnnb ia mandy a w«l)od aiMTatlon in ibo bank, wiiE a 



Leeiliorit, a fnr mflra sasl of tha PetMaae rlvM, la a bmi sari Dinvtsf IMVB, 
enllivaMllto' 



brielt frmit and doawl by an Iron door, 
Leeiliorit, a fnr mflra sasl of tha P« 
With aliout MOD Inhabittnta, aiinaiMl In 
ttlcl. rnirfai, furthei aoalb, la a flovrlal 
vltla, in tlie vieinily of wiili-h are tha Bni'and loinb of ih* laM PiMiinI N»- 

In the wratom part of ihs Stal« Is lt)e rlty of WhsallDg, MrrMlrfcd V) rtek 

lal'bvdi and a hiiHily fnlil* cuuntry : and, BtaiiJin|t at lb* boal of sis— i fc«il 

ivi|[Btlan on lb* viiiia during tha aaawiB uf low walar, I* ana of ths Moac flaur- 

i^'nv trading towns in the pmniry. The popnlatiM) lianwiwl tram ISCT in 

IBMO. in 7tWS in I BIH, Ovw 90 atnam-liuaW an DWmid bwa, aai gwlqi 



VlKf^MA. 



rj3 






t'( mikmIh Hr«> t'irw:ir<irii t** this point iii u.t^ •its l>v ihc .\.iii"ii.it Ko.tii ri-im the 
iM-il, :iii«l '\v ki • 1-h'MH, t1.it-fMi.i'.!«, ;:iiil f>ltM:i.t r«i il-'wn lln» nx'r. Iri-u-r- iiul«iu-., 
t»ii-.iiii-*'iijiii«* 1 uJ'»rn ««, ii'tiiiii ;iiiii ««. -lie r.-:iii!U, ;'l.i«»'.-!i'ii«»«"* .tin'. ci;l-j'. i^i W'-rk*, 
i'. '».r. |»i|«»r, .ui«! s.iw-ii»i!!». ••"|';'«t.i-, \%hiii-l» .uI, ^!!n■T-l^•,l.l, iii.-I i ^u»*«*»-:ii.in»i- 
t'.ti '. Til <•. an- .iiiHiiij tlif III iiMir.trturiii!; isi.ilili^hnu iitt. Th* re .in.- ti}i>:li<J 
I'r 'lu W iicf.inir aiiiiiialiy l.ritMi.u^iii hu^licN 1 1' ^ltllulln•■u^4 i'-mI. 



STATi: or NOKTH c'aKOMNA. 



I 



NnHTii (\::ntiN.\ In IioijiiU .i nil '.111* if>rth liy Vir^iiii.i, rast by tlit* Allniiiic 
OiT.iri, H..!:!!! !)\ S. uiii f 'anil in t. :n.«l w«'si \*\ Tt nno»<«'. I.«'U:!!li ilil'i iiii!«-s, isiui i 



lin-.nllti rjl null "4 ; .in i. l-M.-'iMi v:«-..«:' iir.li'*. Vhv cosiiiry. r«»r iin^n- ihaii 1*0. 
riiii«N Ir-'Mi t!ii »*'Us"., H .1 1 t\v j»'.ui. \\i\*.\ in mv hw;i;iij»«» aii>l iiii« t> tr-'rii l\u- -•'.i. I 
Tiif /n I'l-r ji'TiJ.-ii • I" !'u'« iljsi:.i't. i x-'i-p! :ii'>n*j ihi* wati-r •••■vjr'ifN, i-. .i v.i*t r>'ri»st ' 
.if •■\iri:T» » 11^. 'I*lir rit'h lin-l-* r. ir itii- -'.v:!!!!''-* an>l rsv-rs iin* ir.-» •.! .tirs-'us, 
ll.ivi:.:; ji i«isi-.| i;ns :ii .m •••■ii-«ih p ji- :i, \\»- » iiu r^'** l-* ih'* |«l»i-usl .tii't :..ii i part* 

■t !!••• *^i.i'«-, i! t;,i ' 5 r i:i- \ !t /li mil H, fr'Mii \\Im»m -^iniiiiit^i '!'•• »'\t ir;i- 

\ir'«»'n an i unit ii».i- . \'. i.' ,.|" |i4 j 'if", I in.ntrv l » \Uv \\v^\. aiit vi^i'ii ;>» ' *-l in! 
.III .1 T- i-.i' li- s'ii'.'t ,v| .11 ,.|' hill, ,\ i',., i" irt-Ht, .ir.«l Villi y. 

In \Uv Wi •*!. rn j nl ••!' t.'.- >t it ■.■ H'u. Hi^j* . wSh-ii I'Tms Uiv sr-piralinsj ; 
ini" !»ilw»«n till u »!i r** ••!" l?s» \!!i!>!i* .in-l tin- Mi«»*>-'">ippu .itt.i;!!- .m i i»'V.i'.iiiii j 

• ■t" .sfi .111 *i.")»Mi |. ft. Til,- \\r<stiTn I.- Miliary "f ili«» Siit»' i«» f'-rnif! l«y tin' pr«>- 1 
I 'H '.iii'ii "l" til"' ■» Mut' ri'Jj- ; ji** .ii:!'. r-nt p.i;t- an- kn^uii !«y van m;^ I I'll irarnt'S, 
•Ml' "l" \%lii«'"*i. Ill* III i«»k \| lint Hit, i.is linn nri-nilv .tsri rM.Sii >! l • fii* lli" ino^l ' 
I'll'ly III till- I nilnl .Nt.;ii-^. f. inT of I »• KiH'ky M'mh.iiih-* ; il- Iiti4lit i-" »»l7«i !• rt, , 

• »r I- III I III n- I !• \ i!» f I'l in Mi. \\ .isliin«ji ^n : :iii<ttit-r r.'iiiiinil i»f llh- Hliif j 
Kuli'-. lh«' U'ln ^I 'Uniair.. i- r.n:{"« !'• 1 1 m luiuhl. 'I'hf tr'i'i !m twnii lh»» two} 
ii«l/i <* i" AH 1 1' vail .1 i.t!i.i -! in i. !.'... n 'JiKMi I ■ '2'*i*i) \\*l a!*- •.•• Iiu* ^i-.i. 

\ rih C'arilmi ;'»"«:n>!<» in •• -i -"i li r.i'»l«' rivi-r-. !"Ut i-pj'y^ I* w t'irijjtii >■» I'.ir r. ivi- 
u'l'.i'ii !ii pr p 'rtiui I I :;»t' n .ailu r ..n.{ •.•/•■ .-t il.«- <*iri^ini«». w' i'*li .'.n* -'i.'.ll'iw nr 
Sr-'hi n in l.-i-ir i*«»ur>r, nr li«*r tin ni" '.vi «. m laj »■ n^ •ii!V.»'«;!i • f .s'-.i --.. i.r art» 
«»!»H;ri.'li'«l tiy Ii.ir*. Th*- C'n .w in ll •wh n.t i \i!M'rinr:» Si. .i.l. ir. I •.•i.ii.:- '•niall 
vi *-». U ii Mi.rfrt'i i*"! r •*. Thi- K.«iii. !»i' .il — i in.ptii»« r.«*> it nil • !;i» >•■.. nIi;!!!'*^" 
ti 1*111. Tmv Tir H:vi r mm\ ilv Ni :m' K.iih \]-w w.* • Caniplioi .^■••in J : \i,f ?irj»l ih 
li IV iL'iMi '."» n.ili M, I I 'r.irl» r »'. an I tin- laM* r I > Kinij«ii»ui. I '.ip- !'• ir rivrr. ilif 
prirn ip.il itrtMni. wiin-h h i-* iN wh I- r ••i:^«- wnlnn tin- Si.iir, riHinp mh '.Im' iv»rth- j 
» '.» ;• r ii r. pMr-'i»H i *.. .tlj-i m^'.i rlv •■ i:.'*-- • l' ','•••• mii!i"«, aiJ«l i-i.ti-r-* tho 'n'lMii at 
('apt ri'.;r; iiu- W .n'lMmaw . ihf I'Mi'iir. mA V I'ikin, whii'h laki* ihf iiunird 

• i| iKf I.iiiir. aii.I Ciri It IN-iii-. an. I f • ( * »l.i\\*<a, \\|i|i"li t\-**-% mi t!i'» Hl.:i' l{iil«^f, 
ail ri«'\v III!' .'^■luili i'.-r ".ma; wl.ili- t'H- |"'r'iM-ii Hr-.'.i. I.ittji^ Tfi.ii'Xi f, Hiw.i?*- 
>«■••, an-i \f\v rivi r. "ii-*.*. irt n; .in ■ pM-.^s'i- ilir't'ti -n fr-'in tli* « un** r'-ii- *'. 

Tim- Hwamp-i iri a "«irik;ii^ !> it .n- in :li«» i .•.«.t»-rn pi'! • T irii* S!.'.!r. 'I'hr . 
I». .. tl >\\ i'ji;» '.! <. in f.i- n.-Ti-t i^Ti rn ; irt .m i v\i. if'.^ list • \ I'l'inia. Il i-* .*<0 
nii:i 1 III II n Mn ani h> in ^r*a.!l;i. In tht- • • i.'.r- , •■n lIi- % irjii! i •«: *.• . i"» l.ak" 
l>'i. -..n ■:: », 1 *i niiii-* in i iriM.-: ; i •• in jI j^ •• !'ri"i i'r-ii;'S it If fii N'rl'-lk t • .\l- 
■|. !. •.•'. ■ I^'i.n-!. Ml lui-»n AIS- .i.ar!.- :'.n i I* '...ipMiM S-uiivi i- -.in .;'.i. r. •• li'.fl Vlii- 
if.r. : N\\.iinp; liu** li.is In in pa'tlv «.r n.':- «l. '.i.-l thi* l.iri*! r»n«|iri«l ::t t"»r tf.i* I'lil- 
tiv.s^iii i.f ri«'«-. Til' M' .<i\iMnip^ Il iv. .i rhv l"«i!.'!ii, • v» r »»:ii'i !i»»«i a iliirk 
^'.rUMiii I l* v« ;»••! iliji" I'. :np«"«:. Th- ii:.:i!.tii I ui'Is .in I'. :n'l !■> '*m i-\«'»«Mlinf:ly 
iVrliie. 

'I'll'- piiii* hifr^N ..f N-.flli C'nr"iii-. 1, wlin-h i* vt-r r*irly 0.\»' «*;• 1«* '1* ll •* •'a-»t- 
»rn p.r: 'I lln- Si iii-. \s» •! n-'. -Mil; mm!i i rn'- r t"-r I'Xp-rt s'l n. Swl .!- • i.** irly I 
li' ifii- n*sin -us rnall. r i.-t<i in ••jnji.h. .r-'u.f in '.hf* •■••«!n*r\. T'.- ri -.i:;.i».<. j r"- 1 
.i-.i'l-i .irr- tnrp* ii!int'. ^ipirit- -.t' t'.rp* i !ii.« . r '".in. t ir. an: I'l'.* Is : li;r,- i.i i ■ is i 
."i.tr-ly llu* n.\\t i.t' ihf ini- "hlaiiii'«l ''V inikinj .m ir I'l-i.-n in tin !• rk ; fi- t-.r- 
pi-i.tiiii' n<>\i!» onl III i|'.»p-. uliu'li l.iH iiitM i }i"\ plai'fi! l • r- «"i iv»' tin ni. 

\in«Mii» Ihtf mint'ral pr'n|i.riiiin"i, tin* m.-^i ::iip »rl.».iit app* irt'hi^ 'j-M '.:■ ! irin. 
Till* ii-Ad ri'iriuii ol" \firlh Car'Mina « iiii«r !••• "4 lh« imi'II'Ii i'Ii l« 'lli -j-i' •• • '. U"'' 1*1.1** 
UnijM', dnd exiontU lo ihr ca-l vf ihf Vailkin. Tht* s.urfaoi» mint* .iri- iht- m"^l 



17 



z 



lit* 



UNITED STATKS. 



,]y wufk^J. tjul thit vnln niinci an lh« iDMt ilutsblc in alisaal uij Mft of 

this dUniet. golcl mny bo fuunil lu gnalcr ur 1«m •buniUnc*. ll vtuf ^- 
{nini o[ niaMiM fmni alinosi tnipDrcoplibk panidM, to yiaan ul una nr 
)>uiini)ii vnij^l; one of tbn lugMt lump* kvm rsund, wait dug up to C«ki 
count]? — it VM wortli ti#iw«i(n 7 Bnii AUOO dollu*. Lamp* (itm lli» nltM of 
100 o( UOO to 1000 doUan, ara not aneommon. 

Tbe ipiKit itivmily of vlimau hvlwrnm Uio nnxlcrn lowhmli iimI ilia 
li^h roitnliy. prodiiae* b eonetpondtitK dWeniljr in Iho ai^ullnnl protlortloiu 
ofthc twu «4v:iion>i i wMltt (he fofiuor jliild* roUon, iimi, a^ Mini, tbo ibd>* 
Borltivrn pnia* unit triiiu lhri*c in tbo Utlot. whtcii jiolds Klmi, Imlian-mrn, 
tobacco, and li«nv- 

Thv pojiulntiun of Nurih CarolJnn, in 1T9D, »w S»&,TM; In 1800. tM.lOSi 
1810. Gda^SOOi in 1830, 638^391 m 1)»0, 736,470; m IMO, 7»M19i of 

lioiii »15Jil7 wsni •!»*«•. Of iho fn* populaiiofl, MOM? »«• wUw ntiU* 
S4M33 white firmalMi 11,330 were ooIouimI maltai 10,MIS wvm 
reni>I«a. Emplojml in fli[(ieultur«, anjOOb; in iwninMmi, ITSt; !■ ma* 
turM nnd tndM. 14,3^1 1 m nsTigUin^ llw ocoia,)97i iki. ewalt, rivNrti 
379 ; in the iMrnrd profiiMlona, lOAS. 

Thora won in thi* Sutc,tD (840^ IfiCSOB honec uui ibuIm; n7,3;i 
nitle; &3B,S79 shMai 1,649,716 twliw. Tbm w«n pnohicrd. lJNW,m»lHnb- 
Blaof whMti 10,391 of buckwhMtt 313,971 ofiToi iri,Hn,7«3ariarii*»««nt 
3374 of barJ«7i 3,193.941 of o>M; 9,«(KI.S39 of pOMiM*: MSvM4 panada «r 
wool; li>,T73.3»9 of lobmwoi 9,^0,388 of liMj ai,9U6,t9Q of Milmi S0I4 of 
■ilkcocooMi lOl.aeii mu* of haj. Th« prwluela of the dkityirara nhtai M 
•074,349 1 of ths orehtrd, at t3^,U«6 : of lumber, at fMfl.TDIL Thar* «• 



•35U,&3fl. 

'Die amount f't hom«-msd« in faiiiiljr auuafactorBa, in 1040. «nBS1.4IX,944i 
S&cMloD mtnufacioiiiu Drodnccii nrtictr* ta tl)* nntuuat of ftlMJBil; h> undt- 
iDd'htiiMM produead ^'1 la Ihn amonnl of 9JUi,£l9: hataaad Om m*TB anaa- 
faclurHl lotheam<niiilof*38,170i 363 t«nM>nMoii>ploreilatafiWurMTt,979; 
940 oUi*r manufaMorin* of Icallicr, m laddlnin, ice., pnalMMl uUpIm ti> iIm 
unauet of $IM.39?i 333 lloujiiiE-nuUa praduocd e7,04l bwMb oT flour, and 
wiUi othi^r oiilU prodnend ftiliclM ui Iho amount of f l,5ftS,IIM| rtaawta ««« 
b*iU to ths ■mount of •eX.BOO; 3^09 diBliiloriM prerfneod lJ»l,t>7S lallMMof 
■jiUiti; nr, pitch, tarpratin* and rorin. fi93,46l b(j>*l«. AmannI af ea| ' 
cinpjoywl in the DahMiM, #dl3,«Ki. Total amonot anployvd In tr— f— ■ 

Tlia Uiaremlf of NorUi Carolina, at Clupal Hill, waa fawidaJ l> 17f I | 
Ttdam Cnll»K*. iii Marklnnliurit, touOfAri In 1837. In ihaae laMitBtlMa i 
irna, in IA4U, IM auidanU. Thtw ven in tfao Stain 141 fJMit». ntlli <„_ 
ahidcnUi and ASS Romini-n end pfimafT Mhoola. vitli ItJUDKkuhra. TW* 
wmt in Ih* Suta S6.B09 nhito porram aboTa (ha ■(■ of &> wha 
(Mri Br<t write. 

Of ivliyioaa danominatiMM, th« Mathodiaia asd Qapliau an th*M 
tli^ liaw nob ab«at WUKW sammBnlmBUi ths PiMbyUrlaM, ahm ll,Mt 
tMOMnuniMtit*. TtuiR^aoopaliaiiahaMii lliabopaiidSOmtaiUMa] iha LaBi u - 
aaa hato 18 wiaiinen.tn nmininuioiM, and 189(1 enmnuttUeatia. flxwlaa iktm. 
diata aia aoma MoraiiiaM, KrIeM*. and Bocnaa Calbnliea. 

A rail-mad nWml* (tnin Wilmlitftun. 161 milan, In Weltoii im A* ttmttnk* 
rlnu. Anoihar iilao fxlntda fnun llajirlgh, B7 milea, to Uaaua, Thaae ««flta 
nailo with othnrs from Virninla. Tho Dianal Svatnp Oanaj of Tltfin^ uMorfa 
tato Norih OamlliM, (•«• Viqinia). 

Raltigh. Ih« capital o( Uia Jllaw. nm IWr tnm tha wom badi of iha Nvaaa, I* a 
DntvlnK tnwn With 9Ut inbabilantn. A llaa eaua-Hoaa* of fiaotir baa h*«i 
MMtiMl hara, in phtta oT A« ooa ibatRijrMi In ira in JSIl. wlmi Canont** iMa* 
of WaahioKtmi wa> BobnonaMdr tvlnad. PaiaUavflta U a haay and flonvkl^ 
town, III ih« lind of hMt narigatlon no Capa Vaar titn, «r)lh UM lidiabhaaM 



NoUril fAFifiLIN.V. - 195 



iiiipurtinoi* on .trroiuii oi' iiM proxiiiiiiv In iho \j*At\ iniiu'S. l*i>pul'aiion uIm)UI 
liKi«i. It «-i>iit.iin'« ;i I iiit««l Nl.iii'"* Mint \"T ih*» rMn].i;»i« (if jrnM. 

H<Mi]r>ri, t.i** •Illy }i'-ri * ( .N>-rth (';trotin.i iliriTiIy iipmi llit* Bia, nilniiu vr<<i4'U 
ilrtv II. J rj tVi't ul' w lUT. ami iht> h.irhtiur is s.iiV .titil ruiiiixiiHliuii!* ; hut thi' t-iwii 
iH MM' ii-iilt r.iiili'. Wiliiiiiiv;!'*!), hi iiiili'H trMiii iUv «r<.t tin Cupv l-Vnr rivrr. it ihi* 
iiiM-i I t:;i<irMii'. I* riitiiiri'i;!! l"\«u "f thv N( itf, -and it <*nrri<.-8 on a ron>«i(|«T.th|e 
Ir.i'if wil.i l!ir W i-'i Ifnlu'H. Till' pijMil ili'-n is iib'Mit 1711. Nrwlirrn, mii the 
ooiiili h ink i-rilK' iivt-r .Nrii!t»', N4) iiiilt-<« t'ri>iii PaMifiliro Soiimi, is a pl:i<*f ot's'tnio 
ruiiiMitrr., .lii.iiHJuh \,\T[1*- vv*yvU cinniit ronu- up ti tin* town, ami llu- iinvii^.iiiMn 
iH !• ii-Mi^ .u)il liitlioi.ll r>>r siiMillcr tT.iK. I*opul;itiiin, KlilHi. \Va<«hin>!t<>n ami 
'I'.i.fi r »\ •■n li.f r.imp'.iiM riv« r. IMun-ui'i .-.in! Halifax, on ihe Hoiinok«\ K !«ii- 
t<n. -u lio- Chwuan, an<i Kiizalu'ili, in ihi; l'.iM}ii><tank, an* .small traiiin;^ town.-". ■ 



STATK oy SOITII CARD LIN A. 

Tiiv Si 111" I'f Smiih I'ar'.lin.i is )i'i:n«!i''! -mi ihi* n«»rth an«l nmh-i-ast hy N^rlh 
i'.ir !irii. s .•ii-jH-a-.l liv tK«' \'l..uln' Di'i-an. aitil SMiitli-wc.Hl hv (tcor^jia, fr-ifii 
wlii -'I II !< —•p \r.it»M! hy ihr Siivatiiitli n\tr; it is in Ifiiutli I"?* iniirs, by li".(J m 
'f»i. . *.'i, ii'i .ifi .1 l». in;! abtiisi riii.lHMi Mji.irf iiiilts. Tli«' rivi rs of Si.ulh i*:ir"iina 
\'.\ '•{ Ki»;i,.' r..n-i'liT.i*»ii* r.ivij.iMi* f oMiitii s f.»r s*iiiall riviT-cr.it'i; b«;i, isi llir 
I'Wi r )«irt • f III ir r«.nr*i*, tlii-v .in- sh.illiiw, an«i •»bsiriU'l#'«! hy liars*. Thr priii- 
. ijii .ir- t'o- V\.\.M'im.i\\, I*. ii'»', Hl.irk nv«r, Saniif*, roopir, A^hll'y^ Ntuno, 
K»ii'i '. Vihrp s ConJii'Mr, i'on«»a\*, Hroail. ami Savaiin.ili. 

T!" i« irfiours of this Si.iit- .irr i»iniT.i!lv of Iittli* value; luil lhi» extant prosrntd 
ii'.:- •■• -.'.<* iM.lr.ini»«*s, \%hi<'h .-in' ai*ri'«»^ililo to sinali vi'h-**']!!, anil whii'h atTonl 
.•.•\\ to'.iiM > f.-r an .i«"tiv<- ria'linij tr.u!»«, Tlii- harhoiirof ('harli'^^ton is oh>itn:rti«l 
:\l 1 1.' iii»rni-i' hy .i (l.tn<.'i-Miis s.nn! Kar. and thai of (iforirt li>wn will only a>liiiit 
frill' 1 \i ^-.i Is. 'i'hn hirhi ur of Hi luf. n, or V^n Woyal. is the hr«,l in ihr S!.i!t\ 
■iii'l 1^ Hiiih-Mi'iit ii rti'*irf a iiavv, htst is Ir.tW* friMpu iiumI. St. Hfh'iia S"iiiiil is 
t.Mi* iii'"»i sp.iriinj* op* iiinfT ft.r a '.timI iii*laiu'»* almij; ihr roa*«l ; hut, a!:hi*w^h 
■ih M' '.hni- Mr.hsHi-if aii'l tin in'lrs 1 Hi;;, it lai tivj niitch hcsi t with .sh 'als t • 

In* i.|" .H'V IJT'-.lt ri'IilMII ri'MJ V.IUM'. 

Tip- •«• i-«'.i.iHt fx h.'rili-r»M| With a I'liii* rh.iin of i-laniU. hi-iwiM-n which ami ih«» 
"ii •:. I'l' r«- iH a \iw i'"nvi iiii'iit n.i\ i'^ali<>n. Tio' main l.iml is hy nalun* «liviJf«l 
!!;:•• '.ij- i-iwir an-l nppt.T i'"«insrv. Tin* low roiintry rxtrniU Ml or HH» nii.i s 
ii :n '.'.,»■ r lasr, .mil i*. I'-vrri-l with i'Xiin«»iv«* f.irt sts nf piii*h-pin«s ra|l«Ml pino 
hirri* •. iiili rs;ii rs. i| \*iih '•**a'»ii»s ,in«l inir«>h»*s of a rirh nnil ; hfyolul this i-« thi* 
iiriti-I J.I n -ji'-n. »i«» ii.ih'" tii »i'1*h, ih*- hutiIi- hili-* nf whirh havi- hi'**n c'.»nipar»Mi 
1 1 th> irri *'i*.i u.iv<*.i •( Mw •••■i in a sI'Tiii. T" iIiia ili^tanci* tin* hroail fXti nl "'f 
«'.-nni'y i< •!• iioMiiiiatt il i!n» h-wir •••Miniry ; lii'yoml it ur approach iht* ri«l»jr, or 
«:}ipir i-'»r.nirv, liu* Ail.iiiii«* .-I'.iN'iiI "f whirh i«» |)nvipiti»us. Frniii thr ftiiniiiiii 
-l:il-:n-s a {-.ii"- hrlt • r tiMi-iiiiil. t'.-rti]*" ami w«*ll miliiratiil, wali'ml hy nvom, 
ai-.it i:.i'/alr.l by ^niailor strram*. i \ii tuiin^ from tht* Savannah In Hroail fivit. 
Till' »■ ii'.nirv h»\' n«l irif ri«ii:»' rPM'nihjis m its M*#*ri#ry the iiio«.i inti-rrMtinj; f-f ihi* 
r..rJJ • rn Malt". T.'o' Iravi ji«T i- vfraiifoMl h\ tin- |-i» a-ant alti rnali<>n of hill :.iul 
liah-, iho liv«l\ vi'idurr of iho hiii.s is ('••niranti d with tht> diH'pt-r linU of tlif . 
pxtrn-iri^ t'-rrsts wrhirh li^*- rati' ihvir *i»if«, ami, in lht» valleys, broad rivers roll' 
itiiir ■*ir»»a»i^ llirouijli ijir varii'.l hrauiiis of luxuriant and rultival^nl lii*hU. Tbe 
.i*«*i ii! !i' m'p to ihi' nii>uiitainii is oraduai and iin^NrrtptihU*. A numbfr • f nunin- 
l jin^ • f *>trikin>; fiinns. htn* nwrll with ihrir p*»aks l» a vi'ry rnn*id«»nibU' i-Ieva-' 
*ii n. Table M<ti:iilain is tho ni<>!it ('on'^pii*Ui>us ; id «ummit ifl !iupp<iiM'd to be • 
liuio ft»i abcvo ihr Irvi-I of lh« *»'a. 

T: r low roiintry is infHSiMil with many '^t' th** disoasoii which Rprinf; fro'n a. 
warm, ni<->i<it, and un*»la*iic atinoiiph«'ri'. Of ihi»«i*', tb«* most fn-qufnl arc ffvrrs, j 
f: -rn w!iii h till' inhabitants stilT' r more thin fr -m any. nr p» rhaps from all • ihrr 
»li-fa-»s logi'thi-r. Tin* dinirirts of ihi» iippi r country tnjoy a^ «alubn«u* ;:i cli- 
ma!»' as my p.ui of ibi* I'niu-d Stati-s. Durin;; ihi- mo^i unhealtbful perioil of the 
Vir, It is cii-i"ni.»rv f«ir ihf wnltbv .S«»i:th Carolinian* to st-« k n-laialion io 



39 



l»lt • 



LKITED 8TATBS. 



oTlbi 
, Th 

■I 



Wat llird«£h thu nanbatn iiMtes, or in a anjuuiti ut Mmu ui" iIid tti 
' Ills ujibnil CU110U.V. 

The tUpId cnointHlitlniiorthi* Sum arecoiinn and tiei;; ihn latUx. Am 
■lured io IW3, i« niaad ooly In Ibo Uiw rdunirjF, <«li«r» Ui* itiiMiiiM ■naKi|MUt 
wliieh U i> urown mnj ho mail; irn|>Btcil. lij mmi* ufdio ittc d( Iba ~" ' '' 
livnra. InitiETo "<"■ fv •ome tUun nn tlupoitHnt aafVf i b» taliun wm 
in ilia ml^tiU« (if tiix \»n cmtury, and, bi tbfl bnakiny out of tb* MTvliuioMtjr 
nr. abuut 1,000,000 pound* wi.iv uported ■nnualljr; but, toiinnl iii« nloavM 
tbn ciuiiuty, tbn iirlco wa« ao niunli towvrad by taif n importailaM ham ibe Kaai 
IikIIm Into GD|[Und, that it g«*u w«]r to eoibm, whieb b ralaad om iha i 

Tlinra Dt« no nitnnfnciiitm of titty impaiuincn in Sonlli CtucltaB, ticl ih« 
■nernR ia nxtmiiiiF; il ronalula in tli« I'Xporls of ricu, cotlou, liimbcr, &r-, and at 
laiyv qnnntllic* of th» produeiitni" tif Gworfin and Nortb UiM^tnn, and in tl>« 
import of monufaoturtd articlM, win«a, tropical fruita, tte., lor bona nnuionptiui. 
itie rcfflun in wbidi gold (s found rxienda il)^ii£k Ihia Kttn. AlHinogti 0^ 
ininaa nra obunriuit, ilin diftpBga bavn bean W« iuini»rou* tbtu in Nnnb Cajo> 
tin. Vntloua cnhmw. umJTd paluttnf , ar« found dmi VofiTUIa. Hatbia, II 
•luni'. lion Knd katl nt«. potUra' els;, fullcn' onH, niuoua oitb, ult, aad n 
of iho lueful Imails, ire Dommen. 

ThoprnmUtloninlTOU vrn*i!l9,073i in liM0,3IS^9l; in ISlft, 41S.11S 
1^, M)3.74li 111 1930, Sai.l^Ui in 1810. Ull^SSSi uT nboni 317.03(1, a* 
"^latliiug mora than onc4iairi^ ili* ponulaUon, wne «I*tm. Of iba 5«p p»p»- 
on, I30,4D6 were wbila aiklaa; 13S,688 while frraolM; .IMt ' "' 

JMt 4'tl3c»l«urc^&malei. Rmplnjad lu3c"GuliiiN,l!li|i,3ei 
in manufiacluna and MiImi 10,329; in natisattng tlir m 
4-.aiiala, &r., 349; Iniha tMrnri prafowiotis, liel. 

M'mg to the ecnaua of IMO, ikcrc woio in tlio SibIb ISO^I^l bun** a^ 
lultai &T9,C0e neat catilti; 533.981 t'hutf, fftS,M9 awior. Ttxca wan: pn- 
duced 90^.331 btiab«la of wlit^Ii U,7Sd of r}«i ll,Td9,Ji«a of Indian rHftti 
}&? ofbarla;; M^fi.aOS of oau; 9,698,313 of potnlocai -239,1711 PooBd* of 
ooli C0,S90,e6(< orrli-e i eUTIO.!?-! of cnlluni 51,AID i.l (ubacEu; 30,IM>0 of 
KigMi 50no of nik roeoonai i!l,ClS lona of baj. Tlia pimdncu uf tlir daiiy 
neiCToluodalKin.i^lOi oflbu (•rFliat'I.Bl8'>2,S*5: of luuil'U, ftUT^i. 
' tbo jmt aiiilioii Sept. 30. ItMU. ani«dfiU 
S1,3i;T,131. 'I'lia loDBBga anteml waa iiJIM 
lona, aD^ lliii tcmnaKa olcarvd 99,lf(5. 

Tbn .inxniEil nf tioia»-inada or familjr (nonufaclniM, wa* M0Q,7ai: tberr wcr 
3 woollun (aolorlca wliii-l. ]'i'.->ii. . il urticlr* k. Ilif ani-uiii ol tlOOOi FaaflojriBf ■ 
niiiot ulCt3O0( Dr II 111 iLoam-ualufiaasjMW. 

aoil cniplu;til ari[iii.<i . > li lljO tons of cnahirabi 

9 f-itrm ptuduri'il M' ' ' 'nijfiojuig S MpJlal of 

fll3.:iU04 fiaiDrltiiiL'K . :. u>il U WT^IS. aarf a»> 

Iployad aoopiial of t>iM"t'i '■<••• )'.Tr"'-"ii" [injoncou id iteain«tnta( liW JW. 
>iu B«iipiial»f •Sii^ogwt ICI il«i(tn,t-uiiil* |.nMl«t«d M,IM bart«l« of do^i 
and, Willi olliar mill*, ptoilnoad articka Io Uie asiDaiK of ill.lOl.m, oarf tm- 
|il>y)iaaMpitolnft»IJ»«^04: flU 4t*(illrriea pradwirf lOiJIM f^kwaaTdto- 
lUM >vlhu.>mj)loTiii|aupita1nf tlMM: traawla wim WllMibiBMn ' 
of 9fM.{HHi. iTm Kibl ajMinai of npital cnflarail ia nraiHCacuraa 
»3.2Iii-.fl70. 

01 iflli;liiua dronmlaabnoa th« Mdbnliata atw ll< 

rLiQi.T.1 iii^^nnnnt nf Ih2e Uiaj hai 37.103 

niiriM '.'.'n niiniilL'T*, and ithM'6 conamaMnaaaa; tha PmbrwrlMU tad W 

,iml 7» ntlnlalMa i Uin t!piar«p«li»na bad U dmrnboa, om hMMf, anil 

""■: Uia Lnllinnina bad, in ItilU, Jtl nilBlMaH,94 vi>afrc«ai6w«. Md 

Kr.y. •"<u>iiuultanlB; Ibna wars oUe lUonan CaHiullBi, Dnitaiiua, Frimda, 

l»aed J.WB. 




c;koiuma. 11*9 



ti<<n III ihi* Si.ttt', aiiii was iie$ii;nMi lu have an uradciiiK* hnii:cli in rJi'li c ur.iy. 
\ u \\ only •l' ill' Ni* havi' Imiii uf»tnc«!. It w.i.s fVuiiHtd in IT****. ai.«i i. :b lui-n 
wi \\ I h'lounl. Ill lhi*> instituliou and it* hr.tnohis. iht rv wvt\\ in l**l<>. t'>'J*J ^t.;- 
•!. lit- 'J'l.i f"' Mir«' lit iii»* Ntal«' 1T»» ai*aiiiiiii»s or u'mn»inar-!*«"!i'.>«!!j, wuh T'^T"? 
-: »:• I.1-, .iini i'.»»l ««ii»nion ir j»riin.:ry *rKiM,l>, wnu lj,:»t;i mMiuI.ifs. tli* ihe 
I •} '. j.ii: Ml, I<«',7I7 whiU" ptrsuna uvtr 'J4» svdzi <•?" a^je cvxild neither read n^r 
w ni' . 

*]!.•• r».ip".>l'i :.Tv the innsi nu uurou*: «t' iht r« hi!i(>usdfrr'ininaii<^ns: tin.) had, 
III l*l;*». '»<* ••}!i:r«*!us. O'.*" iiiinisiff*, aiui ll,'»li»r« uiinunurjiit«. Tlie Meili.-iiists 
Kill* -ru'M .ii.d ri'Tii!.! had **U travi iiiiii; prf-ai'lur*. 33,H'J r(nmiuii:i*ai:'.s. of 
»h"ii. •''•.t»«».'j w«r»' wh'.ti'*, ^l3^j were ei»lnurid. Th** l'r»*jib\teriaiis had 75 
rhi.rrlM «., I.'i u.ii.i'^ii r>. .iiid I--. r<<niniuiti(*ant?i. The K{»i>onpalians had 4 ininis- 
. t« r*. ; !• •• I*r ■!• iiaiii M« ih -dism had -•• r..i!<»rei!ali..>n<» ai»d 15 iiiiiii>ters ; thi* 
('liri>it inA h.irl l'> nr *J4i ministers; the Umnan (*atholu*s 1 luiniAtirs; ih«' I'lii- 
t.tri.ti.N vl iniiii-i^T^. Thin* are alsu tfiuv few Lulhfnin<, .\»^^.'ciale Kelornied 
I'n-'hyK ri.iiis, I'rii ruU, and Jews. 

(•f -rtria han s< v( r.il iiii|iortanl wi rk*« <'f internal iinprovitnent. The Savannah 
.i!i ! 0;r,-«r|.ie iMn.il extintls Iti inilt s, iVniii Savannah ii-> Ojjfeehee river; it was 
' i-'in:'!* !(d 111 I'-'Jl*. 'I'hc Hninnwirk vaiial exifnd*< 1*J miles, from the A lata- 
nn...i rivi r in Hrun*iMu*k. The <fe««rpi:i raii-riMd i'.\t»'nds Westward from An- 
'.'I'**!!. i7i» iiiih o, to Martha>ville. 'I'ne Alhi ns hranrh extrndi fruni the (lecriria 
r.il-r '.ill *2'.i nuli«». I'l Atlu-nn. Th»* Wtsit-rn and Ailantir r.iil-r<>ad is di si«;md 
I" •'•■riiinin- till' (i(i>ri>ia r.iil-r«>ad I" <'liaiian<'#iir;i, un llu' Tenne>we rivrr, 130 
tiiili ^. Tlie (\-n:ral r.iiUrnad extf ii«:s fr»ni Savannah 197 niili's, to Macon, and 
' i-* n w in i'r««i;r»H<, i. f ciitnph'iion fmiu .Maei»n t.» he unitt-d with ihf- (ilrnrj»ia rail- 
r-'.id lu-ar iheatiir. 'l*he Hiwas<ie rail-road, alsn in progress, will heijin at a 
p'int III th<> Wf otrrn ai.d Atlantic nil-ruad. and \%ill he carried thence to Knux- 
villi-. III T»nne>'4i*e. 

Tl.i' riiy «'f Savannah i«« advanl;i'^»*»U!»ly •«iliiat»d f».«r a commercial town, biin^ 
aiTi !!.«*i!»l»' I" larir** ships from the si-a, and i'"'iniininicaliniy wiih th*? int«-ri<ir i»y the 
n«>hh' rivfr '>n which it stands. It is hm'.t on thf souihrrn hide of the Savannah, 
oil a hiijh hank rising ah lut 50 fi'«t ah<'Ve the uatiT, frr«m uhiiii it luakt.s a fine 
apptMrmi'f, with its spacioun and rei;u!ar Ktrr-riH, and iis hands'iniC public huild- 
II. U**. inin*;liiit; pleasantly with the t:r'>vi''« of trifs whicli surround them and 
ad 'rn th«' h<{uaris and principal strefis. Tl.i* site was formirly unhealthy, on 
arro»;nt of the *iurr"iindini; Miamp^, hut thi-* evil has hi»n cund hy judicious 
drainin:!«t. In l*«*J«i it «urtrn»d much from a U rri'de fire, hut it has recnverod from 
ihiM »»hi.»«*k. and is at pn'si-ni (»ne of the ni«'*t tlo'.irishinir cities in the Southern 
States. It contnins 13 churches, a ('oiirt-H.«u*r. Kxchaiiirc Arsenal, Jail. l'. S. 
Harracki, an Acadiiny, Thcairi', 'J A^yhsjiis. a l*t>or-llous«>. Hospital, Marki 1- 
ilouM', WMd»'j« hankii, kr. I*opulati>.n in l-^Hi, 11/2U. S.tvannah is the chief 
cr>mmercial deput in the State, aiul iiio<«t of the cotton and rice, with lanje quan- 
liliwi nf the other arlicle« of exportation, pa<s t!irou<>h this p.^rt. There was ex- 
ported, in IB43, About 300,000 hales of cotton, '25,1100 ti( rces of rice, and near 
8,000,1X10 feel of lumber. Two companies empl. y on the Savannah river alune 
17 ■tram-boats, acme of which are of iron, and more than 70 luw-boat.n. some 
brini; as large as 150 tons burthen. In IMO, the tannage ( f the port was 17,'J30 
tons. 

The cit J of Attffnsta, the great interior rmporium of the State, st;inds on the 
Savannah* at tbe head of steam-boat navigation. It is handsonu !y huilt, and con- 
laiM a City-Hall, 7 churrhew, an llispitai. A r^nal. Theatre,' \e. ; a !»ridjre i 
•craaa the ^Tannab, 1200 feet lonsr. connects it v% ith llamhurtr. The population 
" ' in 1840, to 6500. Augusta is the deput of an t xtensive tract of pri.»- 
lopolous country, and is connected with the sea hy the Tharleslon 
fail-road, and the Savannah river. 

'• the capital of the State, i« pleasantly siiuati d on the Oconee, at 

"^4ioat naTigation, and i* a plac- of some trad.-. Population in 

■ntaios the Stati^Hoii««», th«- reniteniiarv, on the Aii!»iirn plan, 

Athens, a thrivinsr little town abov<- Millidgtville, is the 

•T of Georgia. Population. I •2tiO. 

■^— "=°^"^^^=-"-"^^ - - - . - 






UNtTBD STATES. 



STATE OP GEORGIA. 



WHOi* U bounded nonli hv 'rrnncisee anil North Cuoliaa. Bcnfa-MM by 
Soutli OsruUtis, ind touth-MM by itiit Ail«nlic Ocetui, loatli hf FloriiU, Mid WMI 
by Alabama. Length, 3U0 (uilM i bmdtb, -iDO ; aunt, SS.(MD mpmn hiUhb. IIm 
principal tlrpn of Urorgia are tii« Savnnuali, (wlilch farms the b(ni»^rj bMweM 
II nnd Sautli Carnlina,] AUlamnhn, Otfcechcn, Saiilln, DckmulgBn, Ooonc, Si. 
M»iy**, ('liaualioochM. Plini, TutUliaoaa, Hnil Coom. Th« ouon nf Gc«ifta, fi 
four or fl*n miles inland, il a siJl rnarah. inoMljr uninbitbitod. lii fmBl nf ihil, 
towuda tlie am, llit'iv u ■ oliuin of ialanila nf a gny, riub toll, rurirml In tkair 
nt,1an\ itku with ptiw, liickur;, and )ivn-oak, and jTMldinc. on culbnliHB, th« 

I quality of awiiland cotton. Ths DiiiKipul ru* Waa^aw, Unakaw, Kt 
C«lliarina, Sapsln, St. Mltnon**, Jsliyl, and Ciitnlwduiil. Unjinu 
which line (lie oaiMt. commonec* that exleuiiie rang* of piiw>baiTciw duaalj it- 
a«mblliu| thoM of South Carolina t ttburs Ihia nufce Ihii caunlis h>Kina M b« 
pleanuiUy diicnifitd hv nnlle undulation*. Ttiis rcgiuu i* haundni on thn waM 
in the Bluo Ridp<, vthkh hen awvlla Intu oWaiiiMa ISOII (wt lo Wshi, 
tnrnco aubaid«, and an toat in the ica. Bof ond tha inounluiw !■ ftu ~' 
•ad rieli labtc^uuntry, with a hlacb ault uf grvH r«rltl!ly. 

Thd climsu of Udorcia Aiftcn but little (mm ibal of South CanHina. Tb* 
tow-CQUiiLry planUrr« liaie Ifaoir atukl; tnaaon and autnnnir retioala In iIm hiyb 

fiiia nuuda. Ttin diatricta etnlral to Itio ri'Mi-awiinpa, tn lit* CofUinaa aM 
Innrnla, nm iialteraally ItMaluhrioua. Th>fra am district* b lib Sum tlulap- 

laoh ncarrr In irupltbl innincratiiro than an; part nf Soulb CwA' ' * ~ 

adaptinl In Ibc ■u|far-«a[us ultra, and awtiet unnite. Tbr hilljr nad woatetn |auu 

~ la linllti; na an; in Aiiivrica. Aa an iTtnn of tlm tmiiiftMitir, witiirt 

, l>« aajil La conHuonoB in the middle of Docem>Mir, and tnnnioMB in dm ni^ 
dU of F^braari. Tl>« clluiato of tho luw-coontrv ewupana nn Morl* wilb 
tbai of Luuiaiaiia. 

The miwnl ivaourcta nf GroriiiB are hut tniperfecdj Icooirn ; enfipai and 
have b««in fuutid, liui tlio d>u«i viluabl4 mliwnd produeiJoB, blihortd, hva I 
guld. ll occnra In Iho nurthrtn part of the Sam, cm bull aidv* uf tha Chaioluw- 
ctveu liver an far nurth aa th« Rliia nidj[e, aud to ■ ooii^daiabte, but not ynii- 
ftifcrtaioed dUtackce an the aouih. 

Tliti gmi ap^euliural naplra of GMirgIa are ooilon and lica. T 
haa a.mountBd tu lOU.OOO lultM, and ibe rlec to 33.000 eaaka- Swmi Mgar aari 
iLibaeca ara aim ntiand. The frulia are fij[i, onagt», naalnoi, [~~|~"'""'. 
lemona, Ditmna. pnra. jieuhca, tie. 

Th« p.>pukUon ot G.».rsia, in ITOO, «aa S3Ji9t ; In 1800. IGS.fiM] Id W19. 
«ie,(33l in I»K1, S<H.9M': it) IB30, Slfl,lt(!7i la IBIO, 69I,3!I9: nf wb«» 
380,{M4 werB atarea. Of the free pojutlation, 910.534 wcm wbite mak* : liH.tCI 
white biDnln; 1374 were fiolonnid nial«*i )3T'J c«luuivd fnmlM. Kiaplcjnl 
In etfriuultur*. 909.9H31 ineotiiinaKiF. 3438i in tnanulWcurra ami tTB>!ea.7K4j 
In mining. 574: la naniipiinK tlie mmh, a$9; do. riv«ts, naaU, &«^3£di m 
the loBniEiI pntnaiona, ISSd. 

Ttiure wrtn In thia Htalo. in 1340, 157,340 bone* and t«alai W4.tU nal 
eaulei 1107,107 ahiwpi l,4S7,TM twine. Poultry waa ralaHt Ia th> raloa bT 
M4!»,633. 'IVrr wcra produced, 1^1,93(1 bealida t^ wbaal; fiO,C!>3 uf i;*; 
«ej)0»,iaO of Indian H>ms l)^!>79 Of barlfvi 1,610.030 ofiMa: 1.811 JM uf 
poutowi lfi3,894orUib*c«ei t3,384.7» of nn* ; IfiSJSUWaf radon; 3^.744 
nT aoipr. Th» pmduru of the dairy ■aim ralood at fetU.ITVi of Ibe niEhanl 
Bt«tAi:,ia9i of lumber al til 4.0S0. Ilirm war* nudr' SGIT nLli«>i of wtaa. 
Th> flpnru of tlie State, in IB40, amDontnl K> 9G,MiJtao, and Ilia iiMiHrU to 

'rbi> family or hnrnp-nido artids amnnDlnJ ta 01,167 ,i>>0. 1^ «apiUl «■>• 
ploTot in mouufarinna amuuntod to M.BM.AC$, chiefly in fluurinff aaul cMhtr 
nllla, eutUm faetotin, lanneriu, &c. i 14 furnaoea prtxlccal 494 titna uIca»Haat, 
and aniBloTad a capital af •94.000 

Tha llnhwiahy (>f Georfia, 1ocat«d 41 Alhwif. ia the pni^ipkl lllcraiy iuaUn- 



gf:or(;ia. 



■|i|i~<. ■iiii- villi iti iiti> "••>»« ■ I <« ••« u<«« ■•■■<n \'t 1,-1 uiiiiiiui-i^ lli^if 10^ «v tkil t I 

j r<'.i ill i.t-, ;*.fHi i'<i*l (''>iiiini>ii nr (>riiii;'.ry m'IkmiIn, with I5,5(il M*iioIars. Of 
! j.'ij.i.j.»t;.Mi, .'<n,71T \kh\w ptrsoiib over '^i jt-ars ol' age could nfithrr read 



tiofi in l\w St.iU', and was di*sif*;ntd to have an aradcmic branch in each county. 
A \'* \\ only <■!' those havr hcin (ipcncd. It was fuundt'd in 17HH, and has been 
\\i II t ndoufd. In thi«» inMitutiun and its brunohi-s, tin re were, in 1^40, &^2 8tu- 
1» n'^. Tlit"- Win* 111 the Stale ITtJ aradunifs t>r L'raniniar-s«'hij(iU, with 7H78 

the 
nor 
u ri!' . 

Tiif l»ap*i«t< ;irf* the in'i>t numennis ot' the r«-li«!iousdenfininatinns; thty Imd, 
III 1 <\'t, .'i-.'» rhurehi'H, •Jl»*« iiiiiiistiTS, and I I.^^IU enniinunicant^. The Method i<>tsi 
III (■• rv:ia :if.il Fl'-rul.i iiad mi travdiinir preaehcrs, 3.'i,41'J coniniunicant::, of 
%%:»oiii •J.'»,<»i».'i w«re whiles, ^|3G were euluund. The Prebbyterians had 75 
r!;'.:r< ill ^, 15 ii.iiii>i« r^. an>l -ts>«*i crininiunieanti<. The KpiseopalianK had 4 minis- 
ii r«» ; !•■»• I*r'f» Ht.mt Mi ih' id ists had -M riin^re«raiions and 15 niiiiii^ters ; the 
Chri'^t: tn!« hart 15 ur '20 niinihters ; the Hoinan (^athulii*:) 4 iiiinisttrs; the I'ni- 
tariai.s 'J inini-«l»Ts. Then* are also i»onic few Lutherans, Associate Keturined 
Prt-hyienans, Frit nds« and Jt-ws, 

i if 'rsjin has •>« \# ral important w»Tk«« *>( internal improvement. The Savannah 
a'.i'i ni:.«ihie o.uul extends 10 iiiiless. fr(>m Savannah to Oj^eeehee river; it was 
i'<-iiiil« !id hi 1***J'.*. The HriinHwiek canal exit'nds 1*J nulcs, from the Alatn- 
nii.ii rivi r ti lirun<wiek. The (ienrpra rail-nnid extends westward from A ii- 
'ji.-!', 17n mill •», I" Marihasville, The Athens liranch extends from the lieorijia 
j ' .il-T' -id *y.i nnl'S, ii AtheniQ. The WesiiTn and Atlantic rail-road is desijjned 
It' •••■n:ine»' the (m •Ti'ia rail-road t«» riiatiaiiinira, on the Tennc^see river, 130 
::.!!•'<. The CNnTral rail-road extemls fr<iiii Savannah 11)7 miles, to Macon, and 
!■» n w in i«ri'i:r»'"<'* *( ciiinpletion fr-iii Macon to he united with the (leor^ia rail- 
r':.i«l n»-.ir Ibeatur, The Hiwassee rail-road, alsd in progress, will beoiii at a 
point i*n th** Wthtern ai.d Atlantic rail-road, and will be carried ihunce to Knox- 
vi!I»-. in Ti nnens*-**. 

Tl:«" I'lty "'f Savaimali is advant«ijj»'*^'»*«ly siluattd fnr a commercial town, beinjj 

a<*i'* K*«itil<* tn l;irm> nhipA from the Ma, and coiiiinunieatini; with the interior by the 

n'-b1f rivi'r r>n whi**h it stands. It is built on the southern hide of the Savannah, 

'•11 a hi'jh bank risini; ab<>u( .^>0 t'fit ab"ve the water, from which it niakt & a fine 

appiMrii ••»•. with it-* s[»arious and r» ::ular streets, and it** handsiaiic public build- 

j ii.i;**, inin«»lini; pleasantly with the ;.»Mves of t revs which surnuind theni and 

I ad 'rn the sipiares and principal streets. The ^ite was formerly unhealthy, on 

:w e«ii;nt t-f the surr.Mindinij ••«% amps, hut thi-* evil has bt en cured by Judicious 

ldrainin'»s. In l^'-Jii it surt'ereti murb from a t«'rrible fin\ but it has ri*covered from 

•this ««h(>(*k, ami is at pn*senl of:*» of th<» m^j-t tb uri*»hinir cities in the Southern 

!si.it»««. It eimt:'.in*i 13 ehun-hes, a rourt-lluUHe, Kvehanne, Arsenal, Jail, l*. S. 

. Harraek-, an AiM-i'-niy, Theatn-, 'J Asylums, a l*i»or-!lni;si', H>>>pital, Markt l- 

llMUSf, beMd»«* bank**, kr. Population in Hin, 11,011. Savannah is the chief 

eiinim< reial detnit in the Stati*, and m'»st if tin* e.iti»»n an«l rice, with larije qiian- 

' tiiu's of the I iber articles of exp<irt^.ti< n, pass throunrh this p«.rt. There was ex- 

{ p« rted, in Is 13, ab..ut 300,(H)rt habs of eflton, *2r>,u(>U tiercis of rice, and near 

I »«,(MKi,«MM) feel uf lundn-r. Two c«inpann's empji y i-n the Savannah river alone 

I I? •stiaiii-h<ntts. Si'ine t>f which are of iron, and more than 7n t<jw-brrat!». some 



300 UNITED STATUS. 

Mncon U ■iluatol il llw iMad of aavigntiDD oa Uw ORinulgiwi ll comIii^ Im 
18^ uf a siuula cabb ; \a IMO U bfltl a populitlon (i 9UM)«ni]J>, and in 1841, 
3937. ti* irsdo i« cxUMiaitD awl increB*iii|ti there ii n cuoMderabla mamAm tit 
•an SQil srial-uilU* in thv vlciiuiy. A ([inst smoiinl ff cMlea W itiiilpari (Mtt 
iU« pinn. 

Coluntbaii imilaaiail un tlio ChttlnlioooluM, nt iliu Imd (>f MTlffai)g>, anJ tSP 
mil** from the ma. The ta»u nas Snl laid out in tS'JS, wboD t£> «iic fiM jm 
eovFtoi) with iha naUn forNt; Id 1(143 il eooutiuid utpr tOOQ luliabiiitnui, with 
M*«inl churclun, Rrwipapm, itc Stctun-liooU run nirululj frotn bsn u> Nav 
OrtMM. aod 60,000 baW uf Dotlon were ahippeil from Ihe Uwd la i4(S. iHim 
15 awaiii-boau wnre eni))loj*d on (lie ClitUnhoDcliixL Dnhlon*^, in die twnb> 
•ra part of the Suio, bctHrem llie CboataLea and Blowa, 1« Uia ami nf oneef Ifaa 
offiom of ihe Unit«i] St£i(« Mint. 

Dalian U a fiDHt anil tliriTinn lUtlo town, wilb an aoiivn indc In'oottun. ai 
the lunitiet whioh is broiwhl dnnn Ihe rivM in latpt i^uiintitiaB. tia iioi|Hil 
u about 3300. Bninawiflk, vrilb a ipacioui harbour. ii aiUialnl aa Tiulla rivw 
I ID inU«s iHSi)* duo w«Bt from the <rpeiilB([ twiwMii Si. Simini'a ud 
. ..,] idatidi. Sl Marjr'a, a ainall lawn on the rim of the Htno naMO, toat 
abora it* enlnDce Into duubwrlMid Suuad, dtfriTca iuipoiUnM ffani lia finia Mf 
harbour, ihc moal aouibvrly on iha eonat from Gaorgia to Flottda. 



HffSt 



TUB STATE OF FLORIDA. 

Ttomoi. U biiunded north by Alabatna and Georgia; aaat by Am Atli 
Ocmn; aoiiUi siid WMl by the Uulf of Mexico, Farmatlf lb* nana ef Fh 
waa Bpplinl to thn whole foiintry nsai (if ihn MiMdwippI, and iMtfavflha panlM 
of 31° nonh lattludD. 'Fho liter AppaUehi^oln divided it iiUa Bm md "' 
Flariiln. Tht oan ljiii|; balwmn the MimUalppland P«tul tivaria nowl 

ta iha Ktalo af LouJaiana : the pari batwocn Pvarl livvr nnd the Ptn^ldo, , 

to Uio 8uiea of MiMiuipoi awl Alabama ; and the part out of tlw INffffa 
Ilia country that la now called Durlda. Ita mfan l«>nvlh, fniin nadh ta 
380 milci, and the moan brnidih laO, the area boing S*,*M a^iaia tBlb 
Tt><< Burface nf Florida nt in |-eDer«l IvM, and not muob tkrUkl « 
aca. It i* inlciwclvd bj nummoua punda, lakoa, and rinra, vf wbleli I 
cipal Dm Ute St. John'i, AppHlaohtcola, Suwaw^ OekhMbanr. ChKAWhMMlH 
Baeambi.i, and Yellaw-Wat«r rimta. Thn anulbtm pan i/" ' "" ' ' ' ~ 
men marab, and terminals <ii Cgpn S«bla in heapa at abai] 
' with a acalterinl gtuwlh ufahrnbhi pine*. 

"Hip jruTf tlrum aKtiinK along the «imbI baa bei* worn ■•-, . , 

tboae ialaiul*, keya ind fwlu, known by the mnaral «•■»* of Baefb. ir Ki9*. 
txrtwnen which ami lh<r main land ta a navigable cbansal. llMaa Ut«nd» ci~ 
uin ai'nie ai-Ulenii-Dta aiul ninny |no4 Uarti'iura. Ona of iba nurt ImpnrtaM 
Kiiy Weal, fl mllea long and twa In bmtdth, nn tvbkh ia the »»« af luqp Wr 
a naral tuilnn, and tha •ml uf an adnlfliliy cfiun : it« haAq ' - ' 
•brliflitd. and of luffident d«pt|i of wakn tu admit Uw laifaM *i 
The *ddi«ii whieh H-i tnwsrili thn •bnra (rnm iha j;iilf atnraut e 
wiwk* no thli part of the omat, fiirniahlap atoplnymtnl lo tbaBahaMB' . 
Tha aoll of Ftoridi ta tn lome patia, eapooially on th* bank* of iW rinn. aqMl 
lOKiiT In the wuild; in other uaiti. It la f ndiRlieol t and UirM ntalafiplr " 
whlph anr mprraanttNl Is ha nf liltie value. 

Llrr-oak limber ia otw of the moat valuable pr«1iKU of Flnriia. TW fif, 
pornvginnufi, oraui^, and daio, uc nmoDe tba fhiilni «aiUDaMllMey«f afiteaU 
hint iliplei Ihe ■■ij;«t.<wn« i* alia prM» mtmivHy mliiVBHii noa teniMri 
in larttit 'itianUlieti and iodlffo rnnmmj («rnWh«d « valoabl* utteb of wuana* 
tlon, bnt li DOW finly rala^d ht family vm, Dat Fiotida U «a lb* whak MtW 
auiled for a |{ntiDi; ooonirr ; and ita nal berrfa nf eaUln. buiaw, awlM, ft«M 
find a biiiindlvM etbaot nf r«ng« in Ita Sea paaMiea. 
The flimatp. frnm Dplnhiv to Juiw, ia gtaierally aalnbnouei Intf th* OMMte wt 



11 



FLOUIDA. 301 

July. Ai:;:iiHt, aiiil Si|itcnilu r, wtv \u I .md liiit'i iiif> rt.t)tlt> ; aini iluriii}; iiri<* mmsoii, 
%-Mr-« arc |<r( vali'iit. At Si. Au«jriii>tinr, ho\ii'ViT, tliu rliiiiaU' ii <lili>r|itt'til, aini 
il.i- j'l.iri« Is ihi- rr«..iri i t' iiivaliilit. 

In ilii- yrar l^'-'i N|i:!in pitliii Tlnriila l-i i!ii» I'liitril Sttiw-s, in ro!n|n iKaiiun 
t- r <<|i>-.'i lie ns ci'iniiiitUMl ('ii the* r>>iiiiiirrrr if x\\t* latter. Fri'in that tiiiii*, it Wim 
•J M-rii*-'! as a ti-rritnry uitiil 1^15, uhiii it Iti-caiiif a Stat^. Kloriila was lately, 
t.-r M'Vt'rnl \t'jrf«, Iht- thi-atre of n war Nitwrrii x\\v I'nitiii Siaii s ami thf Sfiui- 
II '!■ luiiaii'i. In \**\>^ this tribr \\:\h r>'iv\urtn\ hy (tiiit-ral Jarksoii, ami n;»riiil 
t«» ad.iniiiMi ihr trrrili-rv anil rmmvc \v^^t •■!' Iht' Mis«ii^sin|ii. I'rpparatiitn^ wtri* 
iiiaili' l*««r ihi'ir n'ni«ivaf in l-rifi, hut hnnc reluctant to lra\r lh« ir r*.iuniry, tiny 
••■•lunTi'i ot«! h".«ti1itii s uiul* r O'trcoja; hut, at'itr a pp'trai'lnl war, thvy \%»ro at 
It r.ijtli «iihi!uiMl. Tho Intliaiiii an^ n-iw. f-T lh»* iifsl part, r**Tii«»vi'd in a ili".irahli' 
r<>i:niry ht-y^nd thr Mi^nixxippi, \vh( n-. it is hi'pctl, that thi'V will rruiain uhdin- 
tiirhid ami at ptMcc \iith thi-ir m-ii^hhuurs. 

Tlir p*|M.I.»tii«n, in l-3i». wa** rM.7*J3 ; in l-^IO, r»l,l77 : r.f whii'h IInITiC wm* 
wliff ina]« <i. ai.il ll,!*"?. tVinah-i ; frr»' r-l -urcMl pi-r^"us, mah h, CU)"* ; fi-niali'.4, 
11!'; slavi-i, iiiali *, K<,nr<-< ; ttinaho, l-.i'iTl*. ThiTi* \iiro uiipli'yul in ai;ri- 
iMjlii.r*' I'-MIT; in n nun* rn* 1-1 ; in maniiraotiinfi ami tr;«!«'«4 1177; in navi- 
•_'.jiMii; iho M'lMH I3.'»; * n raniln ami livrrs !1"<; in th»* lcarn«'»l pr(tV.>i!«ions, ami 
1 n_»iiii-i-r«i, iJOI. 

Thtn* wiri» in thi* Statr in l»i|0. 1*2.013 h^r^tes ami mnlcs; IH,nsl nrat cat- 
tli-; 7r.»*< fchi'tp; '.»'J.»'»-0 iMinr; pmiliry was rai«ffl tn iho valui» nf ^rtl.iMC; 
iM.NhiU of Iniiian Corn ■'l**«,l»7l; 7.'i,*J7i poumli of inharri; t*<l.f*JO of rire ; 
l'.M10,.VI3 of rL-tii<n; ami 'J73.317 of !ni''ar. A small amount <f rye anil hav 
\\,«M prtHliiCfii. 

Till* inaiiufartiins ar»* inrrnsiili-rahlp ; thi* amor.nt of r'.pi?a! fniphiyrd in that 
hriiic'h, in 1S|0, wa» iT.rit*. ll*n ; ami in hniiif-mailt' or f.in.iSy arlirhs l?'J<VJO.'i, 
Thi r#" IS nn r •Ih-jr, at pri'*-*'!!!, in Kl««rivla. In I'^IU t!t» r** wvtv !■• arailniiit <• 
aiil «rrainfnar-»ii*h<vi|s, with 73*2 Miziltnt^: ami 51 r'»inni'n au-l primary ».ohf«r'U, 
with 'J'jri m'liolari. Th#*r*' wcri» l.'U«3 whitr pfrs« ij'*, 'MT -0 yi ars nf iv^^^, who 
»•• «:', 1 iif'ithi'r ri'a«l ii'^r writn. 

St. Aii«ni«tin»* is ihr •■M»'*l inwn in Fl ri«Ia, and al-Jn in tla- riuTnl Slattj" ; it 
wp- ft'ttlnl hy thi' Spaiiiarils in l.'»»*i.'i; it titamU at th- jiM:r!i>-n if two «kniail 
frnk«, rallnl th»' Malan7.a<i ami thr N'f^rth llivrr. It i^ n'y.ilarly huill. hut the 
-•riit- art* nafn»w ; thr h« »«•-* art- i»i'i'rrally two sti-riiN hiijh, M;rr>'nniliil with 
!!•■••' Ill* « and piazzas; it mnsiins -I rhiiri-his; a I". S. ILimrWi*, ami Land 
tirr.iM'. it is roniniati'hil l»v F«-rl Mari'-n, whii'h si ir.iU al thi fn"i:ih of ihi har- 
h.Mjr. CIn Aniclia inland, ihi n'>rth-«- \su rn ••••rm r i f Fl- ritla, is !h«- lii:lf villay*- "f 
ri-rn.indina. which, diinni; th('< mhar^'i. and thr lati' war, wa** an inip<«rlaiii di |M*t. 
JarksonviU«». on ihr Sl Jidins rivt-r, is a fl<iirishini; tnwn, fi-riiiinif tl»<* d«|Hii 
"f th»- trade of the surnMindinrr mr.ntry ; it t< :il«io a nn^hliralde thup^cchfare. 
In till- middle siriinn if thr it-rrit' ry arr St. Markt. Tal!.di:i'»'»ie. Quinry, Mari- 
■ lit. a, M«.»n'.ir» ||n and Appalael i«*«.la. St. Mark-i i- the •.hippn.ij-p' rl if a pi pn- 
ii-' ^ and pr« ilnrtivM ili-itriet, aiid ii a UTnwiijij t-wn. wiih a i».MHl liarhmir; the 
i-iitrai.ef alTonls I*J fed water; hut up to the t<iwi:. i) mili i fx iii the sia, the hay 
r.»"'« 4 .-nly "^ feel. 

'r.<llaha«M'o. thi' capital of Florida, stAnd.4 on an eniin»i'«-i' in a f» riile district, 
;ind rontains 3ehiirrhf^: a hank; a Statr lhr.««e: jail; market, and an aca- 
deruy. The popiilati' n in winti-r is ahcnit \?50<K \ppalaehirola i« a flonri-hin{; 
lilt*- tnwn. at the nif'Uth nf th«» ri\er "f thf same n'ime. It his a ijik^I harhciir, 
ini'i Its ir.i'le in eiiiii-n is e« nsidiT-ihle ; ah u:l "20 stt-amh ats navigate the rivtr, 
! iMil* H I 1^1 r cralt; it ha« an Kptsei n.jl rh'-jn-h, .ind tw«.« hank«. 

I**!. Jiisi Mi's, ^'11 the hav of th«' saiiu iiami-, is aUi. a plare rf pr«iwin.i tr.aie ; 
ihf hay atf •'•{-* •J.'i tn X\ fi«t i-f w ai» r. ar d is well «j|ii Iti r^'d fr-'iii alt windsv thiii 
IS ennnetMf 'I with J<>!a, uit the Aj jMlarhii-'-'a rivir, hy a rai!-r. ail. I\ ncoroTa, on 
!ln' hay 111" the saiiio name, is important a»i a naval stati- n *•( the I'nited Slates; 
It is ai'iT^viliU'. I . Hin.ill ves<t !-. ifir.iiiL!h Santi K.>sa SM:ml; a Ion;;, shallow* 
lai;'"»*n. *hi ltfr»»l hv she island of Sant.i Hnsa. which alsi» trmts the bay t»f IVn- 
«ar<.ln, and ihraiifh ih*- main ch.innel t«t ships of war, up tn the navy-yard, ahoul 
■• inileji ImIow the tnwp. The popnlalicn of Prnsacola is about 20(10. 



ll.NITED STATEa 



STATE OF ALABAMA 



Ta* Suu of Alatrtiiut U bauuded uurUi b; Tannwiict, c«»t b; Gwrpa, 
by Fhiida, •od w(»t by iho SibU of Misauuppi. LmigDi 360 niUMi tit 
IGO milei i »n« IG.OOO •qutra diUm. 

The priuci]Htl rimn ara dis AlabRiM, Tomineby, HImIc Winior, Cumb. Tal- 
lape«3, TeniMWW, CbsltvliooohM, Pardido, and Cabawba. 

Tb« aouthpro psrt of iha eountrr. which borilntH en ihr CulT of Uuioo and 
WoalFlorida, Tor the apace or &OnUlei(<itid(su lowind iFid.etmml w^ib plna. 
cypMM, Ac. ; in !>>• mlddlo it ia hillj, with «oi»« tract* of open land i Om nof 
Ihftn part u aotnowbat brakei^ and niouiilaiiioDt, and the poanln pMrnllj to 
moi* ulHvaied abuvu lh« Ma, tlian uioat other paita of the Uniwd mim* al •qiial 
diaiincD Jrnni tbc ocmn. Tha Alleghany mouaiatn* lennitialo tn Uia naall i WM 
pan. 'Ilie fotest trtM In Itie uiiddlo aiKfoonherii pari eunalal of Mock attdiatihv 

'i, hjckoiy, poplar, radar, choiniil. ptne, mulberry, Ac 



Alabama nMWViKn irrtat divpraity at aoit, climate, ualunl, vaptkbl*. 
mlntrrel piodii'^lions. Oci-opying ilia valley nf tlic Mt^tlc, tai its tribu 
Mrcama, t«j{otb«f with a &ae body of land on both aidM of tlin IWmmm ri 



of rima la bioUjr a^n 
' ~ IiM lioa wwam tbs 
I Md TUUmow, Md 
B the HUfUi of ii»nv 
n ltiid,«f ^r«U hfttUiy, 



Arabauia and Tiimbijiby, of thai pari wutrrvd by the C 
„ of thai on tbeTRiuiH«aM, coiiaiataof trj-y nxecl lent land, 
bf tUu M*n lli4-n l*ao(inHdcrabIi>nanntiir(iti:an»4<iU 

■"- -- '- - ■i.-wide. 

aiHitnnnt 
awBiUii, BDd deratrd ahoTn ll ten or fifteen (tvU auccMd* ttt «iliin««« body et 

Imvl land of a bjat'lt. licb toil, with ' ' - ' 

dogwond, jiujilar, &c. Aflei Ihli 



!■ a mnwih uf liickory, bbok nk, poM a«i. 
:oinB ibc piairin, wbtrb ain plaina uf Im:l. 



The aafiaiieaiiH ha* beuii found fa (uooiHid *vry « 
•trip, buiwran Ftorlda and MluUiilppi.anil IndlipU' 

£•■ prtnoipal ami • 



iKTbaiiting ■■ 

"in ihoani 

fnrntnly tail 
itioin iMar ih« Culf; bui noUoB, I 
iplu. Thv ooUun n 
1I7,IM,H-^ poanda. Th<»* an 
ilDna nf gold and Mlvtr in EtHudotpb Fnuiit«^pioduiun|{ abnut 9 
inniially, and Foipliiyins frnm 3l)() lu Mill poapl4t. Thfru »tv iMiJiaauthU h 
of Ihir Irvii irre hi iliu tame rounly. Thrie aiu alw ricli nioica cfi^ld and m 
iBTannpoaaa, niid jjidd hna uliu bvon found In (Tojaa, T*lladnB ant V' 
^HBiltlM. Itoa fouDdrica have been ratahlinbod in Dantnn end '^lUdim. 
Hrftnnd in abumUnoc ii» Utuunt. 1'liiu« at« unnu-iue qaantitiaa oT eool 
H^|oil<<o«i an^ in many olhal plai^ra. Salt can bn niauufactaiW r 
^prtifliaeooaivi iron ore. oinrbk. itranlw, limmtnna, Ac ara al«c 
^nmr coDDiy. Lrai nro. In iMf nuantiiifa, awl <4 •luvlltni ijBality. la Ci 

in Hie bod of the TclinraBii, on the M lucle Shoala. 

AlaiMxiH lia* a ■nv-nwn of inly 60 niilM. wb|rl>, Ih 
Bay, ana nf ihe d(vpe»t baaina on tbo Gait It i» abtiut M oilM toM, and 
3 la IH broad, and iba luuin wiiranca bua IfiCartofwatM at Iwtidci Dat n 
dnwlna inar« tluui N ur B tret oattnut of pro&di naarai lliui 1 1 n.iira (t 
Vf Mubll*. «M*fi at hill'' wswr. 

Tha populallnn io IROD ia^ only <WM) in 19111, 10,000; in IWO. t31^i|i 
in ISSlt, 3fi>l.99? i In |i<IO, SM.TSO. of oImmd !U9,U9 urn* aUm. Fm ukUa 
Diaira 17a.69«t du. t«nia)i-a 15a,4n; Aao oolaurrd uuIm IOU; do. (i 
I0D9. Emplciyrd In B|[HRuluin) 177,110 1 b coaunrraWlfti ia iBanMJ 
and tradaa7l9&i navifallDf tha ocran UH ; d«. oanala, riTn«,d(c:.1Wt la« 
prurmiona liH. 

■~ thia .Stair, i> imO. 113,10 bar** and muU-t (W,1IIS n 

irrp; l,t)a,S73 awtna^ Poolirj a** nimri lo ika vbIim iif 
t401J01. Tlirn- »(]n- prodund. ftffi.OSS buliala of nhnti W»,HT.OM <d 



Iniii.in cnrn ; l.HMi,r*"»3 of nats ; I.T*'"*..'!.*!*; if j-itUii* -» : 1 17.1'i"^,—J.'S |KjiJiii1<4 i»f 

niii'-n: *J7n.r?n-j nf tili.iri*i> ; I-I9,iir.* i»t' rwv. Tin- « .\|..rl-, in l-lt*. aur<uiito«l 

I'l f l;i,'«:»l,fi*U, .III.! ih- imjviriH in ^.'iTI.ti.M. 

, |)..iii» »»iic '^r fiiiiily .irtii'l»«« ma li» in l*«lt'. iuiit.nl* il i-i J?!,'"."!'*..! !!>. 'I**!!- »mjm- 
. t.^! •■ini»l««y»*«l in iu-inuii'Mur* s wan !^*J, 1 liO.dtl 1 , ;i l.ir„'- |» rii««n • l" «l.i«-h \v.i< i-;ii- 

|i|>>v>*<i in fl"iirin<r ;in>i tihvr inillfi. 



ALAliAMA 



*J(»3 




•J- "I. .m-i iuiMn-f Mi< Nti rn-h ■:it'« run • n !!:•■ \l:»!«;iiii i .ii.! Ti'iuKi ;'»y :r*' t^ .\vA 
I- \«v* (Jr'i"Ui"». ^I•>^ll^• i-j H' At I'l Nt'vi CIrIi .n- I'l*- I .rj'-il .■ !r n in trk« I in 
f!i* Init*''! Sl.il'-*: ;tJii.l>«UMi.il«'- Imvi* hii-n •\;i.r*.i I h'Ti* in (•i.*- ViMr. Thi* 
r«Mtv •• •n!.nfiH .1 C*.M:r!-II"WM«. J.iil, C'li-.i-rii-M- i.-*. ;i IS. N iv.il II -jnl.il, .i 
< 'I'.v H "^jntil, 'A )fi:X*, Vi'' H iri 'M \ri.!>.i)\. m ! 7 "Sir.?.*-, 'p:!- i \|iMrt<» 

..'......-... 1 .».. 1 .-.. .!i: .. .111.- •! .. I. .r . I .. .. \.. I... tlm.^ 



^l 'Mil", his n"! tliriviii III thi- ♦..rii»' tn inn-T, :in 1 is h.y i IjIiIi' %'i!!i^". It nm- 
t ni •* II <'«Mirl-ll »'ii«if. li' Ht Ti'H, Kt . 

^I fi':;"rii»'rv. ii» ir i\*' h« nl if tiir \I.i*m;ii'. i-* ;. J- -v. L»r -winj j»! !••»*. willi 

I'-'.: •.''?«»>» Mill i!«:!.tiil-i. \\ • t'lin^tk I, III !!.•■*"■• ■« i. ■•.' \\i'- Ihm I ■ t* '•!i-.ini-hn;il 

;.'.i-.'ir' n, wn-* .-•*.' u* "f i'.*- f'.n-t in l**^*'-*. 'tfl im l-Ti i! w.-n .i y\ yw «.f rnn- 

-^.i!! r.iM»' hii'iip*-'*. I* :»'i! Ill i:i jn 1" 10. '.Ni'Mt. C» tini ^^ i!!*-, f«n ih»- T'lnfi^jHy 

Ti\*', i" i l*iriviii'j |.!.i.--. I.it'ly v»-!t'f.!. P..;i ■ iti »i. ..^ -i.i |*Joo. 



'I't riiir-**- «■. is .1 ijr-'wiii'X p' '.<*t- "f ,iN "it 'Jikmi i:ih.il'ilin!»«. willi a i-r. .-[mt '1h i! »miv 
T'.'.^ •ii!ii'»t.i, o|»!i«.«*iii' !•! !'!■ r»iif»'. K als.i i ilinvinj; t ■•.%ii. I* jn;l i'l n. "J'Hmi. 
.\». .vi" ihf Sli i.iU, ;!fi 1 .r»' '>! i«*n nji'.«»^ r trth ■ f ih»' r\\i', i* Hi.iii-vi!!f, >iir..>trd 
in .1 viTV f'Tti'.f aii'l liiM'iSif". 1 ri-,»ion, with jhi-*:! *JjHii i: li iSit.ir.u. 



31 



L'NITED STATES. 



STATE OP MISSISSIPPI. 



TiiR StnU ef Mi*riiii|ipi !■ bouiuied on lh« north bj TMiiWiMM,«aM bj Al»- 
bamo, (ouUi bj the tinlf of M«iieu inil I.oaitian*, wMt by LcwUlam and AfksK- 

Ms. ll ■■ ihimt soil milo in BT«m|[B li-Dg])i, and ICtl in brnkdtht '' ' 

ta.OOO ■quBrn mlUil. The principal rivetn ar* ibv MlMi««l)>|rt, PmtI, ' 

S'nitao, Big I!L»ch, Knri Tiimblgb;. The MiHiuippi fonnc die waali 

from lau 31° to Sh" notlix ; 306 milM in a rtgitt Itiie, hul bj tlia muim ■( 4w 

riicr iivai 700 miln*. 

l^e Yuoo or Miaiiwipiii Swamp U an MiMiaiT* n»et of oountfj hi n i— u 
thv Yaioo riT«> Mill lh«Mi«»i»»ij>pi, about 1T& intl*a m leti|tlh kad Mia btM^llK 
with an area of 7000 iquaro miles. A. oanaid«r«ble part of It ta amnallr o*«i> 
Honed hy tli« wawra k-IUm Miaaiwippi, tod ■< that paiixl it Bainiwath* appear- 
uiecof avMi maiine Toreat. Hanj portaiif ilba*eaDru«llBnt adl.aMl pradoe* 
lar^ crops c/f ruilun, &«-i it isniaa iolMMcied b; iimiiaMaaenaha ud mjinm, 
iauliog to and frc4D the Hi«M»aipiii and Yai«orivtn. Nunmai* ■iiMin4a, walla, 
and curloHirroi, are found in it, su-«tin|f the oxialRiivn of a c«ti*ldnrahto MpoUbiM 
at lomo fonnrr iKfrioil. The Cold lAator rivor, Uiu head bnnvh of ttia Y 
Cdinmunicatu With the Uitaijalppt by a baj^ou or cr«eli e*l)iid ilii Ya«Mi 
thrcmgh which boat* of eooaidamblo burthen paaa and lepaia duriof peiioda of 



Tha aouthem part of tho State, extending about 100 mtlaa north frinm Uw OM 
of Meiieo, ii moaiJji' a cbampalpi countrjr, with oaeaaional yiJ"'"' — ' 
vatioD, anJ is covered with loivaUi of tha long-liMTdd pitM, 
cyprtva «wuinpa, open prairies, and intindainl ninrriica. A eoi 
of thia port ii auwcrpiilila of ciiltiniiou. Tli^soil is gmanXly umly, 

inll; and clajey. Il ia capable of producing cotton, eon, bniUso, aofW, f»f> 

I ra^t4ble«, plums, charriM, pnehoa, Oga, »uur urangM, and fliapn* 

'- proMoiling north, the face nf Uio country bacomKa tnnni ilvniM and affn» 
oivetaificd. The fjrowlh of timber ooDajala of poplar, Uekorj, ok. Uad 
wuuDt, angor-foapUi, hueksys, sdio, baubberty, dw., mid the acal la nnanJiawlj 
Isrtilo, ptodueif^ abundant oropa of cation, earn, uTrrt-potaliaa, tndino, pwJaa 
veifcialilaa, and bult. Naarly all Uiu country watned by the VaHo ia daafiihiit 
-~ 'ncomparably fartUo and well wat«*>d. 

'otM«ao arid indigo wvre fonnerly Iha aUjiles of Miuwippl, bat ootbi^ at pn- 
•mt. i« the ehief ptoduciion of the Stale, and it shaurbs tifaHy all Ilia larfaatrj 
of the InliahltaikU, lu tlia cKcluaion nvf-n of corn nod ntil*. Tb* ovp at lAiO 
amounted In narly half a million holea. Somftsogar is ptudixwd in HiaMiuhe— 
■trip, hul ih* eana dmui not appaar to tlm«c. 

Tb* tiapulaihin, in INI^ waa 1S,!)3I ; In IBM, T9,14«i is 13A0, IS6,M6t' 
IStCaiB^li nfwhoRi 189,311 wnrs alavaa. Of tha frM popuUUoft. V?#« 
wma wbiuuale*! 81,819 whllafnualn; frMoglourwdnalea, Tlfti dok fena' 
fiM. Kinphiyod in ui^lenltura. 13!l,T^i in anaamvt. tSOli in uaimCwb 
■ltd trades, IIAI i in navizaiing the Boeaa,33) in. riroia, caiiala, fcc, tflO 
th« leamMl prufoasiona, tS06. 

Thvrv wera tn tliia VM". in \»iO, 109^7 hocim and iiniini DaXltT nmi 
calllai tSdJhi? ahwpt 1,001,309 awiiw. Pmiluy wu taisd In the valu* a' 
•369,4^1. Then WW* pioducnl, ISCJHlfi binktrla W Hbtat; 11^4 of lya 
IS,ICI.S37oflndiuicnnii Ifill of bailoyj oai,GSl vl imla i l,g.3CI,lM«r pwl»- 
local 17a,19C pintnda uf wool i 6it3i of wax; 83,171 rT tidianui; m.lN ■■ 
liest 193,<0l,S7Tof MitPib Tha ptndDDoaf the dairy was lalinl at •»•,&«•» 
of the odcfaatd, U tli,(Mt of lumber, at 9l9a.m; tai, pitch. ani UroMiiUi 

HDunted to 381*4 barnJa. 

The Binuiinl of hoino-niade or family ■ttirlea, was MrHt;l4fti 33 eeiliaa iwn* 
iHtorin produonl aitidt* to tha amounlof flTliiemflntedaeaklUlaf MtWl 
MM awl «apa wri* lasnufaotarsal lu the amoaul at NHV.'anplofW a eMtkal dl 
MlM t m taniiMiaa amplnynl a n(>ital af tlO^Tai 4i Mhar mUMbeiMM <r 
kMk«tM jaddMoa, dUb, pradiuwd artielsa la (ha aiwniM of •ll((,117, ««pluy 
lMt»cf<»ilrfm.lim 199 pmona prodtad omJa -^ * 



I MissiSf^iiTi. -.m:, 

§l<»,.'iiu»; Z^A luTsons prtxiucfil iiiartiiin'ry lo t';u' .irmnii'i i \ ^--l-.--.''; •••- j" r- ' 

I <«<iiiN |ir<M. .•■«-il rarn.i«;i*H and wagons tu lUv ;un->iint ol 9^11*.*'<'.'*{; l<i tV iriii<j-iiiil.> , 

pr ''...r**i IHi'.t liarrelH i-f t1 our. ami ^%iili nthi r it.ihs iiiaiiiiiai*tiin'<l :i:iir!« s i>i i':- 

|.iiu-->iul uf $lM>,*^til; TrstM'lfi xk'VTf built lu tin* aiuouni i»t' $lIi.U'Ja. Tli** idi.il | 

aiiioiiiit i't' cM{Mtal riiipioyiii in iiianut'ariurcN %\mh ;i^l.7'.'T,T'JT. 

Tiu-rt* ar« thnt* collr^cH in thiii Stau*. JftlV-rsdii ('i>Ilfi;f. at \Va8hin!>i>in, (i 
iuiU'<4 «M.st of Nati-lit-£, was t'uuiidi'ii in lMt*J, and haH hi*t-n lilnTally eiidovifd; ! 
(Kiki.tiid (*iillr|{tf, at Oaklaml, uas foiindtHl in lr>3l, and it* pr<>H{M'r'.Hi!* ; rriiifii- 
i! try Cflit'frf, at lirand<»n Springs, wait tuinuirJ in I** II. tiy tiie MfiluHliNlsi, :inH 
iH I'.vuri.tliini;. Till* coth'irts I'^Listintr ni I^IO had ahout 'J6il htudLiiiti. 'Vu* w 
y^^•Tv in tiit< St.tU> 71 ac.ulrmh'9, with 'Jj^rt students; and ri-*^'J rtinnu<.>n and pri- 
litary M'hiHdH, with ^\ilU> hc\nAi\rn, ThiTc wi w in tin* St.itt- ^3ii(i whiir p«r»un<i 
ii%'«-r .(I yiMTH of :itre w\in could neither mid n -r \«rit(>. i 

Till' Mt'lhtHiiHit anii HaptistA arc thr .ii'^Kt uiiiihti'Iim n Iujmih dm •niinutions. 
Ill l*«.'Ui, the Mf'thodilim had 611 ir ivi-lliicj pri .u-hiT'S, and I'TO? fuiiiiittiniiMiits; 
'ih*' Haptisis had m| (*hurrht\H. ^il ininittiT!*. ami .'U '.'*.( f'<<riiin>ini(Mi>t;4 : t^io KpiM'o- ■ 
;i.ili.iii'« iiad \ iiiini'«irr!<; tht* i'ri-sh\tt'riaii«, *•! di:ViTi-nt dt-MTiptiuiiS, had 'J'2 
i-hi:r'*h>< and *Ju iiiini<»tf r-^. 

A r.iil-r"id i-xiiiids Ir^'iu Vu-kshiir-j. .">•> inili*. ti J v'k«*'>ii. and is rxloiitlrd II 
tnih :i iarihf r. t>» llranil<<i). A ratl-rx.ttl r-xit-iids t'r'ini .N.il«'h< /« ai:<l i^ dcMi-^ui-d 
!•' Im> T'liitiiiuid t^iroi.t^h J.irk*iiiii t'.i t'antun. a p.irt ui.ly • t uhich i** t-fnipitii-!. 
Si-\i r.il oihi r r.uUro.wl.'^ have hvon pr ■•]«*<' ted, and suinf' v^->rk d"ui' i<n ihiMii. 

Naii'hiz. ihf lar*^i--t t-iwn in iht* Nial*', ih situatrd tiii thi* i- l^l Itank i-f ihr Mi.-- 
•«i^>ippi. lii.Hi niili'4 ahovc Ni'W OrlfuiH. It ron^isis •»! iwo diHtinri p.irt^; the 
hiMtf Inwni called Nati'iu'Z uiidi-r tni* Hill, and tht* I ppcr tiiwn; ti'i; I irim r i<i 
built nn tiiu inar'^in *»( liiu ri%*iT« aii-nit half a luile in Itiitrth, and t'runi lUO t<i 'JOU 
>art!<i in hriMdih ; it i> ••ccupu'd hy warrhnuM-s, iipplini;-'^ii<>p<«. bi.iardin';-h<Mi<ii'S 
f'-'F thr hoatinrn, ^0. : th»' itppi'r town stand** on a l.'t'ty hank ur hluir, ri'^ini; 
.iSrupt'iV t'l till- hriirhi «»l' i<«HI lVi*l, ind n the ri Nidi'iuM- «d' tin- h»*tti'r claH-* of iMti- 
/.• II-. rill- sirii't* art» wid«\ n irutarly iii**p'>Ht d, and ad Tmd wiili lini- *lia«li»- 
m I s. .ti;d It Is during tin- ^r* nut p.irt **( thi- Vtar an a>^rir'at>|(' anii hialthl'iil n'^i- 
«1« t\'-v. .\.iii*!n 7. (v.n." inw a i 'ourt-ll<Misc, Jail, I churrlu'.s, '.I hank<. an AradrrnT. 
.1 I'r.n.ilf Sfnnnary* ll>>Hpit.il, anOrphan A«yluiu. Ma<«>.nic llall.Thoatri*. :2stt-arn- 
' liiiJi'i, ek.'\ It 1^ a <!rt>at cu'.titn nKiri, and in tht: husiv si'asjii thc^trl•l•ts arc bl- rkt'd 
i:p -.«illi bales (if culton. l'i>pulati< a. IMM). 

\ irk««}iur|r, liUi initt's abitvf Naichfz, ^uuidh an ihi* droliviiy of several pon- id i^r- 
.tldf rniineni.'C4. called the W alnut IlilU, nnini; abruptly from the river. It is Nur- 
r-iiiiiled hy iiuin< r>.>us plantaii>-n.s and is the drput r*f a iar<rr tract of guntr}', which • 
A \'i\\' vearsi »iiire was m-cunied S'«|ilv hy Indi.uH. Tin- ritv mnliin** a (.'•Miri- 
ll'>u-«r, Jul. t rliur<'[ii-:H, :! ai'adi-nius. Iihi stor>-:>. and It'JtHi inh.iliitants. A 
nuiiiht-r uf st<aiii and otin-r boats an- I'onstanilv in har!inur. li.M>iiii<; ind uiilnadi:)(* 
ihi ir rapjues; and a lar^j** amount of cott<-ii i« annually slnppeil fr«»ni hi'n*'!*. • 
Ml tin- tratle I'f th«* Va/ »■> p>juntry centre!* m this place. Vickaburu is upwards 
• •f '••M» miles from tho ^inlf --f Mexir«>. by the Mi^Mssippi rivi-r. 

On the we-st bank of iVarl rivi r is Jackson, the eapil.il if theSialn: r. is | 
-ttu ite.! in a plain ab<iiit a half iinh' vpian*. on which s!:iud the Stati^Hou*"-. the' 
!'• iiiieiitiary, ani s >:ne tther public h:M!dinir-«, It contain-* tS >t:t 'JUHi kiiha!>ii uiN. , 

Woudvilie, in the souih-we:itern part of ihi" St;ite, I** nuli <• from th«- Mi-<i<-i 
-.|'{'i. IS a very pretty Mllaiji*, with him) inhabiuinbi. The little viUai;e of Fori | 
Ail iiUA i« considertHl as it<* port on the Mi*>«issippi, but Wuodvtllc is row con- 
ni i-'.ed w*illi l!ie river at Sl Krancisville hy a niUroad. 

Port (libsi^n IS a ll •untihin'; little town, prettily situ ited on thr* Kay-jii I'lerre. 
uid laid out uiih ure.it rt i;i.iarity. I'opulatun, TJOO. The rivrr is navc^.tlde 
\'<»T >tea[a-boats io this pl.ice in time of hiirh wiiti-r. Mid a rM!-ri<a 1 c<*nn«HM4 it m ith 
(■rand (iiilf, it!i p-.Tt on tin- Mis^isisippi. The l.itter. fini'.y siti.aU-d f-n a nitwral 
I* rr u!e, taki 4 its nanii* from .. reinarkable eddv in the riviT. arid is a tlinvini; 
tj\«ii With liMii) inhibit mis. Vazo'i city, en i.'if* Va7.<- > rivi r. ai.d (i'pna>ii. on 
tlit Valabuifha. are thriving places, as are also Aberdeen antl <*>>lu'iihtts, nn the 
'i*o:i«'iit;hy : the latti-r plac * h.u a popuiatii>n of more than 'J'Nki. and an exti-n^ivc 
coaiim ri'ial liusinoss is transacted here. 



w 






, 206 UNITED STATES. 



STATE OF LOUISIANA. 

Louisiana is bounded on the north by the States of Arkansas and Mississippi ; 
, on the east, by the latter State ; on the south, hy the Gulf of Mezifo; and on the 
! west, hy the republic of Texati. The 33d de^rrce of north latitude is the northern 
; boundary, west of tlie Mississippi river; and the 31st degree on the east of that 

river; the Pearl river is its extreme eastern boundary, and the Sabine its wf>stem. 

It is in length 340 miles, by SIO in breadth; and contains 48,230 square miles. 

llirce-foiirths of the State are without an elevation that can be properly called 
, a bill. The pine woods jrenerally have a surface of a very peculiar character, 
i rising into fine swells, with table t^urfaces on the summit, and valleys intervening 
i from 30 to 40 feet deep. The alluvial soil is level, and the swamps, which are 

the only inundated alluvions, are dead flats. The prairies, which constitute a 
' large portion of the surface of the State, have, in a remarkable degree, all the 
' distinctive aspects of prairic>s. To the eye they seem as level as the still surface 

of a lake. They are, except the quaking prairies, higher and drier than the savan- 
I nas of Florida. 
' The Mississippi, after having formed the boundary of the State for about 450 

miles, enters its limits, 350 miles fnm the sea by the course of the river channel. 
iThroutfhout this distance of HOO miles, its western bank is low, and flooded in 
■ hitrh singes of the river. Outlets, or tmynui, receive its surplus \i*ater8 during 
j the period of the annual inundation, which arc carried off by them to the sea : 
I the principal of these bayous arr- the Atehalafaya, Plaquemine, La Fourche, &c. 

The river;} in this State, in addition to the Mississippi, are, the lied river; the 
' Washita, flowing into the Red river; the Tcche, Vermillion, Mennentau, and 
I (Calcasieu, run into the Oulf of Mexico, together with the Pearl, nn the east, and 
I the Sabine, on the west. 'J'he Ke<i river is the most important. Soon after en- 
! terinnr Louisiana, its bed was formerly choked up by an immense accumulation 
I of fallen timber, called The liaff^ which extended over a distance of 160 miles: 
: but u large part of it has been removed by the exertions of the general govern- 
i ment, and the whole mass will soon be cleared away. 

On the banks of the Mississippi, La Fourche, the Teche, and the Vermillirn, 
I below lat. 30° 1*2' north, wherever the soil is elevated above the annual inunda- 
Itions, sutrar can be prr.Kiurcd ; and the lands arc generally devoted to this crop. 
I In all other parts of the Stale, cotton is the staple. Rice is more particularly 
j confini d to the banks r.f ihe Mississippi, where irrination can be easily performed. 
jThe amount of sugar has (rradually increased in this State, from 1783 to the pre- 
'scni tiuic. Tlie crop of sugar is now about 100,000 hhds. The prairies of the 
; western parishes afTonl fine pa!«turr*<. and here are found large benis of cattle and 
j horses. Hice, corn, tobacco and indigo are also produced. In the eastern part 
j of the State, between the Mississi^ pi and Pearl rivers, lumber is cut for exporta* 
{ tion, antl some tar, pitch, and turpentine are prepannl. 

The population of Louisiana in IrtlO was 76,55(1; in 18*20, 15.^407; in 1R30. 

'2iM,575; in 1840, 35*2,41 1 ; of whom 16^,45*2 were slaves. Of the free population, 

H1»,T47 were while male s ; tW,7I d»». females ; 1 1 ,5'J*» C(d««un*d males ; 13,!>76 do. 

females. KiiiployiMl in afrriouliure, 7I*,'2WI* ; in commerce. s5 10; inmanufacturts 

and trades, 7505; in naviuaiing the ocean, 1333; do. canals, lakes, and rivers, 
!GG3; in the learned professions, lOIH. 

'i'hf re wen» in the SiaU*, in iHtO, 9H,8R« horses and mules; 3R1,34A neat 
' cattle ; 1)S,(I73 sheep ; .'{3.V230 swine. Poultry was raised to the value of 9883,S59. 
|1*liere were produced, 60 bushels of wheat: 1813 of rye; 5,953,913 of Iiidian 

corn; 107,3.)3ofoats; S3 1,34 1 of potatoes; 11 9,k34 pounds of tobaccn; 3,604/>34 
!of rice: 1 53,55:>,.1<H ofniirn; 1 1 0,047,730 of sugar : 31.651 tons of hay ; 49,3^3 

pound< (if w'Kil. Thf )iroilucts rf the dairy were vahuHl at |tl.'i3,069; of the 

orchard at i^I 1.769; of lumber at 866,106. There were made 3884 gallons of 

wini*. :in»l '^'2Xi barnlh ••ftar, pitch and turpentine. 
Th»' I \ ports of this Si.ite amounUtl, in IMO, to $,14,*2.16,9.'t6 ; but theM lie- 

ioiiir In the i*ri'at and tVrtilc! States of the Mississippi valley. Its iroporti 

nni'iintxl in $10,673.1 !>(). 



ll«Mi(^iiiaii(» ttr ftiiiiily iii.iiiuf.ictiin*« aiiinuiiU'il to 9t'i.'i.I'.Ml: twiMvittnn fart'triofi 
|ir •«i.ir*'il articlrn t'l ttii* '.inuMtiit of lSl*<«'.*IH», uith :i (M|)il;tl nf 9'.*'-.*.<HI0 ; six I'tir- 
ii.iri-<« prill uciil ITlNi ti'iiH !•!' r:i<<»Mri>ii. nmi Iwti ruriiacrrt |ir<M]iiri-fl l.'li'iii t<in'« «r 
'• ir-'r.«n, ••iiiplMymi' a r.ijul.il »•!' ♦li.'iT.lMHi ; 'i.'i tanm ri« ;< fiii|i|i>y«'<i a rapilil •'!' 
^IK'J.i^J.'i; M*Vfii (iliiiT iiMiiiit'.irturii*ji ot' ItMthfr, as s:i<i«llirii^, \«'.. )ir"tliiorii 
jru-li-H til lhi» aiii>*uiit nf $1ih,;iIK», .m.i finpliiy d a rapilal • l' Si-*t». 'j.'ill ; 5 sivjar 
ri!i!,iri» H priNlurtil in iht* aiiicnnt o\' !?77o,«»iM1 ; hinlwart- and tmiIitv \v.i> pn"»- 
>i irril i>i itii> ainmint ot* l^.'il^^llO ; imliH of v.iri'MiH kinds proilurid artii*l<H I < the 
.1:1 iiiil id !Ck7«it'i,7-4:'>, aiiil i'iiipl<iv< >1 .1 rapiul rd' i:>l,"«7iK7!*.'> ; vi •«« Is ui-n- hiiilt 
I ' lUf aiin'unt of 9Nii,;i(Mi; .'» diHiiilfri(<i pr-iund •J-.'i,.'i*J<i ^:lIi.•n< "f di*.tiINd 
•.•Mni«i; ami oni' hriwcry 'JliKi ^.illxim nf bt«r. Tin* IdUiI ainninst nf imjiU.iI iim- 
p ••\rd in inaniif.i(*iiiri-« w.i<« ^ti. KHi. (•'.*'.). 

i*>>iii<«Mna ('nllf'iTf, ai Jat'kMnii. was fniimird in !■»;!.'•; Ji*lTiTS'«n C.'i.Hi'^'r. ;il' 
llriii'jii'r^, fiiundfd In \<\\ : St. Charics ('Mili'i;r. ai Cif.ind riiti*mi« is undt*r the 
•iinrihin uf thf Uunian Catlndirs; llatnn |{iiii«ri ('ullriu'. at Hatm Uniitrr, was 
fun li'd in 1S3**; Frankiin <'nllii;i% at Opidnus.iH, was t>iiintlfd in KW^, In 
iht*»« nixiiiutinns ilnri* wi-n-, in l**IO. I.'i7 stiid< tit!«. Thrro win* in ilw Siiiir r»*J 
jiM'ifniii'^. uitli r.*'.).'t 9tiidi'nis ; 171* roniiii«iii and (inmary M-hiMds, with nri73 
«i'*li"|.irs. Tlirrn wi-r*' l"»»il whiti* prr-^i'iis, i»vir "JO yr.irs 4if -.iifi-, %vhn rmjld 
M' ithiT nad n-T » riu*. In I'^.T'* lUv |f:;i«.!a!iir»' j»r.inlid l-i xUrtv viAU'*xvh $».'iriri,77.'», 
t • Im- p U'I nut cif tJi*' Si.iif triMsurv : vi/.., ^I'«.77.'i t» Jt ifrrsun i '•■lli ltp, to di*friy 
th.i' i\ii> n«i' i-f IN hniidiiii;**. anti $|.'>,INHI annually, f'-r the peri ni of 10 yoar;* ; to 
l.>":i<»iina <'iill»i:»-. ^l.'i.iHUl aniiiiallr. for ihi- saim- pcri'sl. to piy thp ^al.iriis of 
ihi-ir pr>«f«*s4iirs, and !•• 1i>wit thfrati'sof tuition, and ottirr vxprnnrs; and (l.'i.flOO 
al«ii» t'l Franklin I'ldlriji*. 

Thi' St.iti* wa« r«rii!inillv ^rttlrd \t\ lloinnn C'ath'-liri ; ami tlirv am s\\\] ihr 
iii>"«t ti-irtii rMiis n ]i'>ioiiH dcnxinination. In l^.t.'i thfv had *J7 nnni^lt-rs. MfthiK 
i!i-»-s. n.ipti*.is l*r« -Sytt'ri.ins, an I Kpijiriipali.iii", I'xi'Jt in ronsi«IiTablc numhrrs 
and ATv incrrasirijj. 

Srvifil wi.rks of init rnai iinpr •vrinrnt havr hovn unilt'rtakin. Punl'^hnrtraiii 
Uir--><td (-\t>-ndi (t' ill Nfw Orli'an'*, 1^ niih'-<, to lakr I'ontcliarlrain, and rust, 
• •rsL'ifM'.ly, $-MMi,iXMi. and wiih its inipruwniriits $;»0(M><MI. WiM Kidi'-iun.i 
U iiir- '.id I xtt-nds fro.-ii St. Kran*M».tilI»\ on i!;** .Mississippi rivir, 'J4) inili?:. to 
\\ i. .liMi'r. Mis«i. Orli .ins nirr* i Kaii-r' ad« thr>>iii;)i Orli-aiis .slf#ft, is H iiulrs 

m 

' nj, an.! rinfuH-ls \rw (Orleans wiih lh»* Hay-'U St. John's. N#"W Orli'jn.s and 
<".i'r !: n Kii'-f' .id t\!»ni!s fr.iin N« w t>rl»an>*, r«J inilis, to C'arri'lirni. pasninu 
iMrxiijh Lafavt'tt*'. Il has rjty hranchrs, niakin>; its Mh^U' ji-n^th 11^ niiii s. 
\ ari> :< "ihiT rail-roads and ranals hivr hcvn pn>j<>rtrd, and souic work had hrcn 
d<ii*' i:j»>ii thcni, hui ih< y arc at prt-sfiit snspPMd»-d. 

Ni w Orleans, thr third c >niniorrial mart in ihi* rnion, and thi* capital of Lou- 
isi.nii, iktandfi on thr hft hank of th>* Mifl»i»sippi. liN) nith's from th** M'a hy the 
r.Hirsi* of the river, and four uiiles from Lakf I'onirharirain. Su-anihoatfl and 
small vtsfteU roini* up to the* landin>; on lh<* lattrf, whert^an artifirial harhnur has 
h«t>n formt'd. and «ih«-nre a niUroad and two canaU cxtunil to thr ri'ar of thetnwn. 
In thr front of th" city, on thi* nvi-r, tiie lanrrsi inrrcliant-ships lu- rUt^e up to 
!ii*' hvi'c or hank, Sii th it no Mhar%'is are nrM*i s^ary to i-nahli* th«'m to I i.i«l and 
ilisf-harof\ The rivi r is Itfre tVoiii ItM) to I«iO ff«*t dr«'p, and a lialt'-inili' wido. 

N«*w Orleans in the di>|WVt of the whole Miftsisttippi Valley, and must inrn^ase 
in itnp->rt-inre with the daily {rT"wini; wealth an*! population nf that vast r*i;ion. 
Thousands of huire arks and flat-hoats fli»at down its mighty artery, Innli-d with 
the pr^^iH'e r.f New Y«rk. Pei.nsylvani i. and Virirmia, as well as with that of; 
the nuTi' wfsttrn Sut. <, Th" ii-iinh* r of sie.ini'iiai arrivals and departure's is 
j'n.'aler here than in any othi r eity in the I'riiud Stall's. The exports, inrludini;! 
the fi;nMjjn and roastinjr trade, are not less than $IO,(MM),tH>ii annually ; hut its im- 
ports arc vastly less. Mueh of the westt^m country, which exports its proiluce hy 
the way tif New Orleans, imports its irooils fri»m New York. In H I'J, 7 Irt,-»i7 hales 
of cotton were exported to foreiifn ports and coastwise. The licrnsiMl and enrolU>d 
! tonna^, in IP 10, was l*jr».ril3 tons. Accordin'* to the census of that year, th»« capi- ^ 
• tal enijaccil in fonijrn tra«lc amounted to ^li'i. llUMUH) ; and in the r» tail trade. 



liNITHB STATEa 

, , do{«iiilt, ftvnonill;, for mmBafmaaati MtkttM, 

apMi Mh»r phiwi t fn IMO, die mpitnl eiQploy>d in tnannfaoUim m* d^t,SM 

ItiBdtyMandtonadMdlaml.wul ia w^htly 1^ ■"■• ■^"' "— — «— t Hrr^ 
■online cadi olhfr M nght Miglci. u the Kiuftiw of Ihr wsier i* tnm tm» tn fiw 
TmI above the levnl uf iho cliy, at hi|[h wawr. itnil ev«n m Utw aiapra of w»Hv ii 
»bova the MwaiDp* jn tho real | a 1*vm, or cuibankmau, from fbof u «fbt laal 
hifb. bw be«n niadv all aton^ ihe dtui. lo pi«««iit laiitxiaUinH ; a btMOb «raw 
vaaax sooiatimoa nncuia in this dike, bui it i« nralj psnniuad u d« nMeh «laa(u« 
bofora iliaolocnl. Amous the jiulilio biillilti<|;a an theCadiadnl arSLLow*, 
a BiBtxi'B snd ImptiMiic noildine witli faor Inwrn, and 9 tMkM dMnbiai, (ha 
StaW-HotiH. CiuMin-Haiiaai Kxclningu. L'tritod Utata Mini, and Laod-Ofiari 
16 bankR, wiih mi ag^n^alc capital of 94(l.U00,<H)0i IQ inaunaaa entnpumtm, 
wilh a cxpilalof t3,Gua.l>0Oi 3 ihutrea, aouitf of vrliieU *(*«|ilnMlid atranwM) 
i maikttu, and. a aumbw or hcdola, two of wlii«h »n> very 'tpiUiidl4> and oM 
•tJOO.OOO raclii tho I'raulim CouTonli the Charity llotpttaf i Orptaa'a Aayw 
luin, &c. llie Ghariialila iuatiUitioM arc aamaioiia, aail wroll roorfunUd. Tboe 
pm two cnllcfff*, iritli l(i& RtudcDla; 10 aeadonie*. iW atudfnta; &5 BdiMc4a, 
with 9'i Kholara. HcruIu line* of pack'U vr iiatabllah^ lo all tba cUaT A^ 
Untie uiilan, aa well aa lo flalTMton.Ac. t'opalation ia 1810, llMti la tSM. 
87.176 ; in Iii3u, Aii,3l<Xi and in 1S40, 103,193. 

Donald ton rillo, for aome tiraa tho cnnitsl. i« oim of th» bcallliiMI Imwib Ib lln 
Stala, vrilb about 1000 intiabilsnt*, at the moulh uf Uio Labnnha owUM. Dakw 
Noi>Ka, 180 niilBa by ilia riTar, aboia Naw Uilmiia. conuiaa ■ millMn pgat Md 
sn ataonal of iha Tnilcd Slaina. It Manda on tha firs) biifalHid «r Uiff f(Ut 
|»M«<J In stMnding tha river. T)in (lopnlation in l><4[), waa 968, SkFnMi^ 
Tillc al tlia mouth td' the Dayra Sua, ■• a Deal, buay, and tkriri«( nllfigaiL_E|i*- 
sinliiH ebially orona itnwt. 

Aliutandria, an llnl ItirciC, 100 tuitei fjoat tlir Miatiwippi by 
iha almnm. it a I'ImiianI lilllu villH^ii in tliii rrntni uf a neb c( 
alripa Ur^v nmntitiM of ilini iIbjiIr for Nnw (Irlcana. Nalciiiii 
BttoTc, mu tnuad»d in 1717. Il waa fnitneriy iha Rmtro nf ibe 
Mmtlcan interior prCFtbi'l-t.rweirlDe bullion, hocavi, and - '- - 



iii( rmm 3O0 lA Oiw inhabiianta, hut anrrnnndad by a fnilla aod <a 



WESTERN STATES AND TERRITORIES. 

Tdib awtion of tha Unllod Slaio* compriaaa ilia BtaMa at Oii^Si 
Ttttm^mm. Indiana, IlliiMta, Hiclii|nui. MUMuri, AtfcaMaa, not hitM^ 
nhwl Tamiary of Wuonndii, ii^dicr with tha Mnunal Twrilari— J 
iiHlOt((on,lkaWeataRio* Indian Tanltgry.Mnllka »tianMrth«'V 
baa M( ta yat raoeivoO any diatinctii* aann. Il ioduiMa Iha whuliF 
nooi aalnuiinti &um tha wiwi«ra baae of llin AJlpgtiaoy fttounadafttd 
Ooiati, itid frnin iho Bod lirnr nf Loiiitiant oul tha (!M dfran i~* 
lb* aifolli, to UiD patallcU of W and Sl° tO' on the noctb, rUaadiM| 
~i art 3900 mile*, and fiom north to auiitb 1100 milaa, aoaipai' ' 
,ft33/)O0 aijuitia niitn, 



and airnlr appraranou, and oppim iCi-ni-nllyaforaiidBblRliaitiarklll 
belwivii Uin ciiuDtiiea on tlioiioppDaitiiaid''ii, The utliar vlentinai ■ 
HoDolaina, utnQding fcoai Mlmuuii aoulh-nuat tn Miitioo ( tha B 
botWFfu Iha Mbuinirl and Yallow-Siona livtra; aiwl briween the fivn^. .. 
lb* St. Pitw'a lirnr a !<■» ridge lolarrnxa, Inovn aa ilin Cataau im K 
faribrr in tb« nutward, and imioadiati-ly *nntti uf l^km Supenor. lb* Pap 
Mountain* ritiiid. **)>araling tha ritrn of Laka Supwior fnn ihoaa it «l 
uaippi and I.akn MichiKaa. 



W|>iTi:KN STATKS .\M> TKKIilTt >Kir.S -^rj 

Th«' iinini'n«»» prairii"* c»f this n^iyum rniKiituic llu* iiH«-t ri*in.irk.ihie !"iM!un* n! 
\hv nunilrv. TJh'm* ar«» livi'l pLinis slr»U*liii.ir ;is I'.ir ;i«i !lw »•%•• r.m narh. l«it;t)ly 
(IrMiiiitf 111 irtt .«, ;ui'1 i*o%'rri*«l with t.iil nr.iss i»r tl »\%iTin'j; shnilx. Smin* Udw an ' 
i;ii<i«il iiiii'^ "lifLu't*. aiiil an* r.illc«! rnllinti pr.urif* ; ili»-««« arr th»' iii'i-*! ••\ti-n«.i\<', 
ami an* ilir r.i%«».»riii' res'irl of ihi* huil.tio. lli-rr, \%ith"iii a in »■ "f a >in .iiii ••!' 
w.ii«T, ihi' travrllt-r may waiidrr lor da\ji, aiiil ilisciii'iT ii'>tliiiii; luil a jjrassy t-oi-an 
lii'iiii<!>>.l I'll all si.]i-s by thr li«>n7.oii. In ttii- tlry MM*i>>i) th»' liuli.iiis m'I tire in the 
grasM ; ami ihf uitir r>tnt1a<^rali<'n whu'h i-ii*>Ufs. Mtu-n surpnsis \Uv Im<«mii, Jt-rr, 
ami nlhi-r uilil ainiiial:*, u ho art* uiiabl* to immim* tViiiii thv tia;iii.>, aiiil an- hnriunl 

til iloHltl. 

Mijrh nf ihis ijront roiiiitry, «'s|>«M'Mlly thr nf»rlh«*rn antj w^Htrrn pirt-., ri*iuaiiis 
!»« hi* tAjtl'-r- 'i. Of till' r»-4inn wrsl «■!" i*n* MiN-.i^^^ipju, hariily aiiitliin/ ua-* 
kii'twn hi'l'"ri' ihn ln»^innin:» •»!* lln* prrsi nl r»'ii!'ir\, whi-n lln- jj-'Vfrnin»i'.i •■!' lli** 
rniUHJ SiaU-H •li'ipalrhfil ^'aplain-* !.• wis ami i'l.irk nil an I'Xpi-iliUnn ••!" iiiM*i> 
VI ry. ThrHi- otliiTrn, at thf hoaii "{ a larin» party. w«ll «Mjiiipp»il. prM'» i-.ii il up 
llu* Mis4iiuri 111 hnaN to iN •Si.iirr**, i'r"«siii lln* H«irky M<iiii(aiii«* t» Ihi- Pai'itir ! 
i*«*«aii. and rfi'irn^ii hy ih»» saint* •■•lur'Si*. Thf •*"iiih«'rn p iri w.is (.'xplitmi l»y an 
r\p<*!iii>in iin<!t'r L.ii-ni. I'lk**: aii<i at a liti'r pi-riiHi, Maj<<r l.itnj arni (iilit-r travi-l- J 
l«'fs haVf %-i'>!tiil (iitri-riMit pirtt •■(' liu* i''M'.i.try. 

Hut ih»' tjrt'.'.t phyi'Ml ftMii:." •* « l" tin** n'.ii"n an* iu f^iant riviT'*, with thfir . 
huiiiimi arm-* «'i»ria«iinu fur ihou^.tml'* i»f n»i!««» tlir-«ii'jh i^vi rv «*i'rn« r f\ \Uv l» rri- 
li-rv. ami !»rii "inu lis ni"s! rt'inntc rt-rfsviM, m ihi« viry hrarl "f a va<<»l r'isitiiifiii, 
i!ln»i«''t III!" (•■•htaf! wiih il»e >• a. Tht! mam trunk nf ihi"» ijriai *.ysUin of rivi r« 
li.m hf>«'if airf.*ilv ilfsorihui. Tlii» Ohi'. ''n th*- t-asi, a:iil th»' Arkaiwas. HvA nviT, 
ami PI itlt', i«n ihf \vi"it, ar»' ihi* j;r»' ii'v-^t **t' thi» suii iriiinan' stn-.tiiis. Thf first, 
UaJiifrintr \:p ih«» walrrs i'i'««n' of I'.i- ni"si fi-nilc r« -jiuns • f th«' \i\* In-, Ivars up^m 
!!■• jinilf rurn nt th«* pr"iti«'is if i highly iMiliiv.i'iii nuiniry. Th»* l.isi iiifniinncfl 
laki ihi-ir way fur a i''»n-i»i»rahli' pari • f lh» ir riiur-»i' ilirmiiiii iiarrcn iraois uf 
sa-i'i. Till- Arkansas, h-'Wiv-r, in- vast iraois nf iiri'iiin-iivo t« rriiory f«r many 
l.i:mirt \ \u\\v^ in thr l;iwir part i«f ii>* r- ur***. Th*- K'mI rivi-r alsu pass,'< ihr«:i«:ii 
a l» -s iii*s*rt n ''i^n thin tin* IMatti*. iJ f •• i;nirv in iK li-wrr pan iw-inu lnifl-lv 
f»f!il». Th»" \li»«;!iany ami Mi»n 'lijahi l.i, n-in'jr in I'rni.»«>lvania ami Vir^jinia, 
i:mii* ai Pin-iMir;;. an«i lak»* i!u* naim* • f Ohi •. Fn.fii Pitt>hi:ri; in ihi* Mis^M- 
si;i;ii. xiw rivi-r iia* a rour<i* of U.'iO niih "<. r» •'I'ivini; niiimr 'Us naviijablf sirrain*. 
ffoiii iIm- two ijTtMt ini'Iinfti plmi*^ iiriwriMi wlurh it rui.'*. 

Thi» ii't'ii riv.-rs, whii'h form -o strikin>i a natural fiaii:r»» of tlii* rojji mi, uive 
T'l itii- im lii* of travrliin^T ami iranspurtaf.on in «:tn«-ral, a pcfuirar rast, anii havr 
rr« iffl a p»M*i:]i ir «*l;i*"» of ni'»n, r.illiti !i'.it:»M'n. *Vafi i-f all i!» s«*riplitms are 
f"';nii 'ii ihi'.si' waters. Tlu-ri* art* lin* ruiii , sK ip«!i-ss iiianHi s, tiuit iit»iint4» tiiP 
ii.f.im*y iif invuritioii, an'i lli*» p.-wirful ;»nil rii'hiy aii'rmit «l»Min-iio.it wliiih 
. IIS iki s iis p«'rfoi'iion ; t.»«»i't!n'r witii all tin* ini*rin»»li ili* forms fii>tw<'**n i!ii*sp 
' I'Vir^Tiu's. Sinri' ilii* iisi* of »t«'am-hf>al<>, numbers of iht- riUnr craft havt» lii'iap- 
p« afi •!, Tml thi* nnmlirr nf riv^r bo.uiiipn h.j:» iin-n iIiminiNlit li i»y m.iny ih- iKimi*. 
Thf fir».t ftU-am-boal vn tlii-^i* wrtlt-rs w;is ?•• i'*. at iMtNhur;!. in l"»ll : Hii.ri' that 
tim»'. ah .ui *«iMI havp hivn built at liiiiVri-nt pi un's, •.<.in«' "f w|.i.*h an* from 1*KI 
to :tih\ t. ns btirthfii, but liip ij.-fil'T nuin!" r arr fr^Mii !Mi i • 1.'ii». 'JmiI. .ml ::oil 
I »T'.s ; ihirv ar»' at prt^stnt not far from |imi •.:t:mi-b -ats on ibv Mi^«is<«ipj»t :»ii.i it# 
tiibu!.irit«. inikiH'* an aif'jr>'j;»t*' '^l* ab.iu! '.Hi.uoii ic.n^. 

l.«M«i, iroii, roal, s.ilt, an-l Hrno abouriii in thr »rst« rn Stairs; ani proii.iltiy no 
ri'L»i'«n in tin- woriii ivhiiiili sr.«'h a «'..mbin:i!i ii of miniri'. will!! ani f»rtility uf 
h<il, iimtiil «ilh ".'.rh rarr f.i'*ili:ii 4 ff irai.*»porlalion. T- 'i u*«*o, In-lian i*orn. 
iifiiip, r I'.lin, >«:^il«il provisiorw. t!.»ir, wiii-ki\. iinii*!* anii fur-, »• »ar:»»* bs'j'finir. 
ami li'.ni, are tii»» mo.:t itisportanl ;irtn-'i s if i\p' rt ; au'l all ;> -rlN of iij.!n',fn-iiinM| 
jyi hU an'i rolonial protlui*!' ari» i'lipor'.ctj. 

T'ii» rh-.raft'T of iii*» wi-<itirn Sta'.ts m mi\»ii, but tlit* prnioTiiinait traiTs ?.r • 
tiiosf^ of Vir-jini.i, ami of Nnw Kn!»l imi. K»'nt«n'ky was Kiitir 1 from Viriinia ami 
North Caroimi ; while Ohi ' k a fion » f Ni-w Knclan-l. Thf«i' two St itis bav*^ 
in turn wnt tbrir populaiion t-srihrr west. Hut tin ro is tnui*li is»«'iion\'i rb -.r-'rUT, 
mnrh of the ojwnnpi*" an-l boMnrss of the m^'n ami tlinr lit^frn'iant". w h«.» r*on- 
te*«t4«i fVfrv inrh of tiTrii'TV with sivapis, wiiost* housrs wfrt* c-^r**^'^"**. ^nd 



TT 



TIT 



bUtci. Ths intiabilanU of Uila woUoa ai» nptdl; • ' 

■ 1. Mun B,(KK),l)00. 



krojtrobabljr Di 

111* 0*pOM 



[adiatii yM tWBBio wUbin tha itniiu of iha ncalern ittale*. 



STATE OF OHIO. 



r riven, in tb« «atwi airf M 



I *ik1 popuIouD Suie IB bouDiled on ihn norlli )ij Laks Ciie 



by lodiBUa. lu Isn^jtb i* SIO milwi, «ni] mom brodlh BOO, oociuuiuii nboul 
40,000 squat* mllu. Tho Ohio rivor fonui lh« bousdiwy of Ikli Statr, on Uw 
aouib^BM uul aoutli, Cor no»r &00 riiili>B. 

Th« mm vliich lien into Like Krin on tbe nortl), »e Mmom*, SaAAwkj, 
nuroii. Vurrailllon, llUck, Cu}iUiuf[H, Uistid, Htid AthubuU; tliufu on ih* nKitii 
llowioB into tbo Ohi'}, are the Mushinjpim, HocfchocUaii< Lltlln aiul Gnat Mt- 
aml. Tbe Au-GiilMani]Si.M«r;**,iailiii wMUmpMnof tt>*SiBio,UB'- "' 
of UiD Miunuw. 

T)ie Inmrlnt anil iiortliarn uvrM of the country, boii*i\at m Lak« Brir, ft» 
genmlly Irrd, Btid iii (ome pUci* raonhy. Neatly Ono-third of th« awtem wd 
MUth-MiaUrn pad i* tillly anu hroksD. Tlio hilla an numatDOSi hat iImt Mtdcra 
liai! to any conaidciablB bciehl. Immailialcly iijMn Ibo banka nl ih* OUo, aal 
•avKnl di h» trlbulBilta, aro nuuivrutia tiaet* of inturil ot aiinMln' land, at mal 
fkatitilj. Id iha tataiiar, on both aiiln* at tb« Scialo, and on tka tinvl oiid Gub 
Miuoii, arc ptnliap* the moiit rilouirv bodiea of IvteI koiI rkk lud bi Uia Stolau 
In iiiany p»na ibriu are lacui) prairica, partitiularlT on Otr haad waim* of iIm 
Muakingum and Sdoln, and iHilHKwn ih« Sciolo and Iha Ivo Mbnia. 5oia«4 
Ihrav pnuiin are low and marnhy ; oihoc pralriwt am oltralxl, 
Dal1»it banvnai liot alwayi on account of Itinir ' '" 

n tamt nJevalvil iraela of country batuiwD II 

mhy in iho Siatai and the drlMt Un>l la ihal wbtcli boi^era an IW 
aiieama ot waut. 

Ohio iirodoM* abundantly n<i>ryl)iin|[ which eruwa in ttia mldtlla Siuaa, F1«h 
la axponcd in vaat quantitiea by the Dbto and I.ak< Erie to aaDlh<ni aftd wauru 
markcti. Many alMin-inlllB haT« ixMn nrralrd, oaparUUy In lb* *ir4M7 «if iha 
Ohio rirM, rot the inpnufaftutioi; of thai anitle. Milk fof tlia bbbm fa ty tm* 
ptnpwlM by walar, arii U ht> found Id ovary part nt tha Stale. Rjm, ikh, Iwek' 
whaat, Ac, ate piodnrwd abnmluidy i and u>bacn> n rua«d li> iIm — ' ' 
SO.OOO ho|;*hBiida aonu^ly. Hurvpa, mlliu, ani ho^ d» tiam niiiiMl m !■**' 
numben, and driren la an ciilmi maikai i and iliocMnda ><f banala iif bMMi 
potk ara boBUd from all iliii wwna lu iha naTipbla autaoM, (n ika 
pan of Ihu vallny, ot to New Votk, 

Coal i* foiunl in fnni iiaaotilin In theMUlnta patU. ln*OMliaalw._ 
«atod, and htousIii prauy aaianalrAly to aafvtiil plaent. 8dMpd«fa •*■ GoMal 
oa aaon of tba aaatern waiataof Huaklnffuu, and on Salien»l(,S8ailaa tw "^ 
BBM of Chillieoiha, irh'tn tb«i« art cnutiwrabla aalt-ooilta. 

Tie maanfacUiraa of Ibv Stat* aia raindlT luomuinB in ImpMttnra, Hm lac«l 
potilioncf Ohiosiraa It ptmt Euillilhw for inde; Sm OhU nra alD«4a ibiM 
BoaunudicaijoD with all tbn eoanl/y In Um faDay of lb« MUaiMMiL wUk by 
UMM of Ukfl Brie, on th« imnb. It oaaunaaiiiatM >Ub Caaorfa aad Nm V«dk. 
Tbe nonham and aaalrm aBontlaa as(>«ft p—i iiaaMUka ut ' ' 

M Manmal and Nihw Vixk. and aincw Ab eaaamctiod ' '' 
nntft eanata, many of lb* (>iqdui:tloiia of iha aoftthtn 

find ihalt way (u N*w Vuik and Philadvlpbia i m auiia wtfmx Uaila )• all 
'•il on down die riiat, by way i>f Nr* Orlnna. 



it ut afiioMtlMral moImc 

»ofawcmBa«di WM i 

•ad «Mta(M cvnMM alw 



nil II I. -Jill 

TIk r-ipul irruwtli *•( Ui*- |Fi>puliiti mi i>i (Miio h.i** iifViT Imtii p:ini!li'Kil ; in .VJ 
' vcnrti iVwiu the uiiit* mIii'Ii It rfi'i tvi-ii its r.r«t uiuii' m iil> r^, iii** itiimlifr <il lis in- 

t..i^lUiits m:ik :i |iji1]:i*ii ;iihi a li.iit*. .iii«l !•« li'>u (l*^!.*!) t otlin.ifril .il K^IHi.iNin. 

hn ft riiU* .iiiii iiiiiH'cupii d i.iiiiis :itir ii*l«->l iinniii^MiitN ii>ii iiiii\ IfMii the • tiirr 

Nii:i'!«, ('lt;i;ly tin* K i>tt ru .iiiil Miiiill*', Imi I.ir;;* )><>«iii-<<« ••! Suit's .iiiil (irriu.iiih, 
, III'] t2r«'At imiiibi rs nf llntitti i iiii;;r:wiU, havu bL-il]i*>l iln la.Nilvt :« in ra» biiiiun<r 

v.illi \s .nil! rii'h plain's. 

Th*' p..pij:.ii|..ii ill I7'.>i» w.i-i liiMHi; in I-^iH), i:i.:?i'.:i; in l-'IO, 'J.'JO.Ti'O; in 
, l^-jii. >1,|3I; III Kill, lf:{7.(<:r:; m IsKI, l,5HMii7; iMiiiirthi' lliirii iii popu- • 
' l.tu n 111 iIk* riiititl Ni.iU s. Ol" ll,t s»-, 775,;u*iii wiri' wl.iu- ni.ili>»; T'Jii,7i»*J wluti* 

i'i ii; t'r--* : ?»7I0 r-I. uriil ni;ili«»; '»»Ui'J r«'linirr<l iVin il» <. Kii«i»l'i\i il in ;j"ru*ul- 
I I .!• . •JT'J,.'»7'.'; iiii'Mn.'inTi'r, I'-ill ; in niaiiul.ii'liirt s .iiil imits, tifi.-Jio ; m navi- 
■ ijihii' tho <«'fMii, 'jr.* ; (]•>. rivtTs ^ mimIs. anil lakrs, I{.'»-J.'{ ; iii niiiiin>;, 7iM : in 

\'.u- I'.iriitii pr<>tt'!«siiiis, rii't^J. 

Tsm r«* «»'n- ID ihM Suii- iii I**!!', 130,j*J7 horMS niul imius; I.On.'*?! ni-al 

iMliIf-: 'J.irJSl^*! sht'i'p; 'JjHiyj l»"» swim'. Poultry wan j»p ilim-ii in :lii- v.ilun 

"t' S.'i.il.llin. Tlirfv w»'rt» pr'H!i:ri'«l lb..'i7l.<>(il Wii^iuU m|' mIm'uI; r^lt.'Jl'j of 
ir>i'; n:i,riri>.in ut' Imiian rurn; Jl.MIO •>!' tiarlfV : i'>:i:M:U» (\ biirkubtMl ; 

I l,M*.':.lO.'t i«t''Ut4; .'i,*i( 1.1,0*2 1 • t'p'it il<>« !« ; ri,t>'«'i,I<l.'» p<>iin':'« ct umil ; ri,'.il'.'.'J7a 
I t-iiirrn; ru:{t..VJ''ri ft' *wi:ar; «i-J,ll*.'» nf Imps; :J»','.»;iO if va\ ; |:II7 "f silk 

• -• • ii<»; I ,in.*-J,ni{7 tiiiH I'f iiay. 'VUr pr>HlMi'L<« uf iii«- liiiryuirf valiml al 
f l."»l".-»«'.M of :).!■ • rrhar.!, al^l7.V-7l ; -f lumlifr, at s^-Jii-J.-^'J I . TluTi' wrrr 
in till- ll,.'rj| iralti'iis 'f Min* ; tib>0'.i tons >>f p'>t viii>t jMarl asiirs. 

Till- lApi-r;-* nf till* Ni.ii* , in l"«ll, »f;i' :^7:>.'M 1 1 ; an<! thi* iniporiH wrii* 
^ll,.':i'^. Tilts ini'lmii > In.: a intall p>>rti>>ii 'il iti trail*-, havin:; ri-lalimi niily to 
it-i l-fi i;;n ••••innirri'o, 

li- nii-in.ii!i- »'t family •/■^•"I-* w»r« nniuifa''t«:r»Hl t«» ih»' ani'Mint tf S&l,"»o.1,P37 ; 
I.'tO ui lili n ni.iiiiit'ai*t<>ri« « :iii<i -Juti t'iillint.'-niiIlH pr<Hli;fi ti ardi-It s tn t:i* v.tltn- nf 
l^r«"«.'i,7."»7, ami • inpii y» •! t r ipital nf tt.'i37. '.*''.» ; *» mitnii ni.ii.ul'art"ri»i» pr«Hiuml 
.^r:ii'!i s t • l!if aiiintint «•! $I.'!'.«,.'J7"'. wiili .i capital tif tl I3,.*»0ii; 7'J ttjiiiar(<% iniiiii- 
t"a' :i.ri •! o.'i,'.'3ij ti-n*! if ri^t-imn, aiui 111 f.r«r»'s ppMlu<'(<l 7I''»'» I' ns ti har-irnn.! 
■.:-.'. •-.11, '!••>( .1 ;ii*jpila! if ^l.lfil.'.'iNJ ; l.'M pcrM-ns prnilu('(-«i .'i,.'»l.'{,l«>'.i iiuoiirls; 

• I tiiii.iiiin<^n« I' lal, witli ,\ rapiiai *>( 3S^I'i.<VJ.'i; It papi*r-iiiiitri pr*xli]rMl artii'lt*!! 
i> t:.<- a!iii>iirit of $*J7o.*JU'J. Mitli :i tMpital nf $'jMr<.*.Mio ; Hi pirs.-ns nianiif.trti:r«il 
li'-Mip • r :la\, pf'NJutMii^' t>i till' am* liiit i>f $11,737 l iiiti aiui r.ipf urri> in:tiiii'! 
full rill l.» :hi'aiii«..inlni !^T*J".."il3 ; '»I'Jui!iuriescinpl«'yi*«! arapital if i*l».'j7,.'i-»3 ; 
lldU i'Uit-T laaiiufartfrn !• "f If.iiii* r. a** sail«ili*rit*H. Kt ., pr>>iliir<'i| articU-s i<i thr : 
uMi ijr.t ■ f ^l,'.**"!;,! Ih. Willi :\ rapital • -f J^'.M 7 ,"J I .'» ; 1-7 j'tTM-ii^ inaiiiil.Miiir« •: » 
t '- .IT . Ill till- awr-^ini '■! ^-I'J,"!-, » Jtli a r.ipital "f !^^■••',■'lu , tf"«".* pir'»nn«i prn- ■ 
<1.<--<<1 hariiu.'.ri' aini •'■.:!• ry i*j tfit- .lui'Hiiil of ^3'J.'{,.'»iiii ; 3l*ii ili<«til|i'rii'!« prndiiciii 
0.ri'Jli,iri7 1:^.1 1 li nH i>f iii hUi It'll >pirit^, ami .VJIircwcruii priMiin m l,i'J*J,.%*^t iralluns 
if lutT, ilu' tth'iN* «*ni;>l-. \in<^ a rapiial **( ^Xi^WJ; iMrria^c.'i ami uaunn-* uiri' 
Ml tnnfartiiri'ii t<i iht- aui>unt nf |i7(U.*2«"', ami fuipii^ycil a ra;>ilal nf $'J!Mi..'itn; I 
r>3ii tl'>iiriii!T-nii)U prntjufvii l^ll.*j.'i| liarrt-ii if llnnr, an'l. uiih nilu r ini.'U. ]<r>-! 
ilii<'i il arui'ios to llw* am ii.nl 1 f $*«,"««W.'J13, « iii]ilii\ii-.n a ca|itial ul' lM,'.*.'U.(^Jt ; ! 
vf"iM In wofi* hr.ilt t'l tU* aiuntiiit «>f $.'*<'J,r*55. Til*- lutal alunuiil of capital 1 111- 1 
p!"\iil in inaniifai*turi-*« ma*. ^lii.!"C»,'Jft7. 

'I'll! I liiviThiiy nf (l.'ii'S at All. tilt, uj« f i:iult-il in l".! ; ilif .Miami I nivrr- 
-I'.y. at Oxf.inl, in iMil*. Tn* sf iiitoiithii<>n« liavr In m |iiitilii'iy i'iul"Vifii uitli 
l'*r.:*' -jr.iiit.s iif Uiad. Franklin ('nlU-<rM, at New .Vtti**ii<i, uas fnundtd in l**'J'i ; 
the \\«Nii«rn Kr»i»rTr (\>lU^it, at flmUnn, in I*«'.'»i; Kfiiynn rollrgo, al Ciani- 
i hui ;Kpi-r,ipal), ill Ivji", J Ciranvillf i'ulli'jjo, al (JranvilU- 0*ai'«*»»0' >" I--!-: 
Maritita ('i>llr^\ al Mariiita. m l-vlii; thi* ObvrlinrnllitriaU* InstiiuU*, al (Micr- 
Itn, in I'<34; Cinoinnati l'illi|Ti>, at CiiuMnnali, in l««lti; as ujii also Wninl- 
waril rMlinjre, at ihu baiiti* placi*. Wiltnnghiiy ('ollf^jr. at V\ illnuKhhy. ih a 
ni^flir.il iiihtitutinn. it uan t'"unil«'il in 1^3}; Laim Thi'iiln|ric;il Sfiuiiiary. at 
CiiHMnnali, in 1^'Jll. Tit* ri- aic ;lunlo|{i<*dl ili'paitini*nU in Kfnyon, Wi-Mlrri; 
|{f!ttr%f.', ami liMiiviSIc imIIi vT* s, ami in ihe OtH-riin in<»iitutf ; a Lutheran tin olo- 
ffirai Kt'lionl at (*oluinhuft, ami two lutMliral and onu law iu*hiHil at I'lnnnnali. 
At al! Uiisc in*iiiuiirin« tin n* \\ttt» in l**tO, 1717 iitmU*ni<*. TliiTt* were in the 

38 



Si3 UNITED STATIX 

SeMc. 73 aeadeniie*, W(U> 4310 vtutlinit* ; aiul MM ooniatDD Od^ fiintrj (diaola* 
Willi 918,609 Mhulxn. Th*n> trcra in ihs SUU 3S,394 wbil* p«»uoA, ovw SO 
year* of se«, who canld ncllhcr Mad nor write. 

In 1936 llie Pr««b;l#ri»n* liul U47 miniatfni it>« MflhndUu litd SM 
Uin t the OnptisU had 170 minisien ; tb« Lotlicniu bxA 47 luinkaleri ; th« Ep4» 
oopalians ti»d ons ht*h(i|> Mod SS ntinimcri ; Ihn (irnuan BcfonncJ liad M mIh*- 
lorn; and ihcm ware boidaa, a aonaidcTable tminlict at Priap^ Homan Catho- 
lies, and a few ulhvrl. 

'rhi* KUM hai lome impnrtant works of tnloniRl Un^ovemsiL Tin Ohio 
Canal csiandi from Clawtatul on L>ik« Ene, 307 luiln, lu Purumoaili na tfa« 
Ohio, li hai th« fol!owin|[ navigable br«neliei>; 14 milM w /anMvilla ; Ifl 
miU* loCalutnbua; f« mllca U) LaurjiMffr; &0 lutlaa lo Athrn* i liho WalhoIitRg 
bfaudi of 93 milr* i Rutpotl branch of 4 mile*, and oM of C aiiht, U> D>n*d*ii. 
' important work waa b«^un in 182S, and fituatiMt In 183X IIm Miami 
'jnimda IVoni CtoeinDnti, n» idUm, to D(fl»n(«, whcM it want il,* W»- 
^wd Rm Caatil i thna completing • awond lina of rana] fnnn L«kr Erio u 
rfWH, The whole riiaunc* from l.ati« EA* l« 965 miln. "I'li* Mabi-ninf 

,. i aklanda from the Ohio Canal, 86 mile*, eiobl of wbtej) am is IVjuwj |v». 

nti, W Bcnvn riTcr. llic Sandy and Bftver Canal ^itonda fraoi lbs Uti>« 
C«niil, Ht HilLyar, 76 milr*. in Olitn riicr, at Dip (baulh of Litlln D*»cr cn*k, 
Bitd li but paniill; eampliiicd. llw Milari Caoa) eaUmd* Etqco llBrtn, 3 nitoi^ 
tn Milan, to wbkh ■Ivnmbonta now narJ'n<l. Th« M»d Rlr^iT and SaoAmAj 
CItf llBil-(oa>] vxlintili fiom Tiffin. 30 mile*, to Sondaik; citj. asA i> 4c«pw4 
to hi CDDllna«d to Ciitcinnali ; hot !■ fimthni ntiljr S8 luitm fniin Cinriiunii. 
Sevnral other nilrandi havo faern prcjceiod. 

Cinclniiall, iho lafji^t "''T 'n lliu Wtwtnrn Stilus, honcp nflm callnl lb* 
•• Qnom of tho WotI," it ailaatcd on lh« nortli hnnk af tha Ohio, if piwtc iba 
anntli nf Lleklnr rl*i!r> *I'ha atrmia a» drawtt with gmt ic^olutty, Ib Hnn 
MTallnlaml at ligbl nngtca to ih» Ohio. It* growth tiMbctni uncinnmfnljracdi*- 
[t trai fnaiidnl In I7)««. nnd had, in tho tmi IHOO. TOO tnhabitxnu; bi IW 
DfftSl ID t»*30, 31,831; and. In IBIO, 46,.13e; ieelndinit Pollon, Covtnv*^ *> 
Kawport, which art pruixiTl; •nhiiiht iif CiDtiunnii, t)>c pofioUiixa aiMNintod 
fiO,«0a Ono>il)ird uf the ailall population i« coraputrd (o b« Gcnan. TWn- 
ut> In (^Dclmintl 43 nltiin^hra; 7ti8iik»; 4 markHt-bouaaa; aihratic; 



bfaudi of 1) 



3 dollrmi a KlNihanica' Inttitolei Acadonv of natuisl admcoi 9 lihranM, 
and 3 Orphan A>;lnn(*. Tbi> «itf l« wipplM wllh wbUt thai la nbnl (n* Out 
n*cr, bjr atmia-pawn. tnt) naprToin thai art eli>t*i*d 130 tm whurt Iww waiar 



mark. Clncinnail la Uin ynintMl pnrk market in the Unlim, ICO,Mtt hop, nlw4 
■t •S.ITO.nOO, baiie hr'n alang^htirmt hKro In a jcar. Tint npltal MBployri te 
tbo fotnlgn commncial and oonunltMoa bualnoaa PiBDai>wd,in lM4l.leWLMia,Mai 
b; lOaa i*uit ttoiaa, f lB.8T1,IMfl ; ili* niaiiuinrium vntioj inif-IT mmw ; a 
Bvpital of tN,iHl,N3. end pmduca artldna ta tho arai'ualof tI7.O^07li; this 
alan indudo* aonin ofth* ruanufaclun^ cifPutlon, Caiingbin kn<l Nnrnun. 

Coliunlni*, iho Gapttnl bt Ihn SUtti>, ta ■•l-maiinliy aiiiiatwl iin A* NrLui, in a 
rich snd brantlfiil dlitrict, al the inuinBitlioo of tho rivtv h; the National Ra^ 
nni a branch of Ilia tihb C»n*l. Il la bnllt on n ni[ular plnn, wilb a Mfraiw 
in llii' fi-nue of the burn, rooiul wbiek lUail aiunn iif ih> pilnri^ ^kllc buil^ 
lD)!a. H«n> aio tha Klata-HiMiw. a Lnaalio Aarlum. an Aatlnia fat lb» l>«r 
and Duinh, an InatltnlB for tha Btlad. t PoniWnUarf, mtidiiftii<d nn tha A«b«rn 
plan, Cnnrl-lloaMi, aetun chonth**, n bank. Ice. PiTnilnlii 

CWIlicoUie lUinda brlw«wu Paint divfc and liiir Sclvin _. . . 

landing netnat il>n nn-k frain rim la rim, ari> inirrwcU.1 nt rifbt an^i** hy 
elhara mnntna panlUl in tlia Anl«l». PoputaliiMi, hi l^to. 3UTi. TW mMo- 
f*OturM uf the plane an pirlif aKtonalni, and an r>|>idl]r Inrmalaf. IN«a»- 
moulli, at tha aoiiihnm riid of ilie Ohin <*aut, rfnrirM ImpnrUnra fmn lis (ila*- 
Uoa i ita traile li ocmidarsbh^ and iham bit ham anroral iroa-fowinlniaa, " 
UrUriaa, «a« and |^»i-mllU, Ito. Pofniaiion. in li«tl>, laoo. 
. Z«Dtavilkia*ituu«dal(hahawlaratMnknainaftjpitniian ibeModdflsva.' 
whiah iimI riia nitla Canal it haa a watat mMuiuklnbo« < ■-■ *~ "- > 
Kew VnA. Tha Eitla in ib« rtv*t haae oaade Zaaaattila 



OHIO. 313 



III 

r 

IIH 



iiiIIh Hill) niaiiur.iotiiruii; p:«talili!*hiiirnts, inrliniiii;; fliinr-iiiiils, N:tw-iiiilU, iron-! 
fuuiuii rii-ii, iiapt r. ruitun. ami oii-inill!*. i>l:iNS-W'>rkH, ^;r. l'ii|Miliiiini<, m 1^10, 
iiH'iiKiiUK till- vill.i<;i' (•!' I'uiiiaiii, r)n iIk* n|i|>«)Miti* bidt* f>l' ili«' river. 7000. Tuu 
tiriilL:«'H rri>>M ilu rivir lit ff, :iih\ I'uv lnwii I'miLtuih '.* t'liurrhi-N. an :i!hi ii.iiiiii, two! 
:irai)i iiura, Kc. Manilla, al \\\v iiii>iilli df ilir Miiskiii^uin. i> tin- I'Mcsl Ihmii in! 
Uif Ntati-; 11 IS |ilcasaiitly i»iitr.iti il partly "ii a l«mi-r .iiid partly en an np|u*r! 
plain, u nil Midi! •«trM'tM, Nhaili-d Mitli lri-(-<. <:rr«>ii si|iiaii">, and nf-at liniMiii;;**. ! 
rtii r*' arv iuiumToiis niDuiids and ■ inliaiikii)iiil.<* in ami amnnd iIh' triwn. Mii|>- 
liuiMiii'j Ma.-« fnriia riy iMrrii d on In ri', and ni.iny !*tranih>'ais ari- ^tlll In. ill ; sr\i> 
r.il Nau-milU, an ir>>n-r>>uiidiTy. lanmrns, \l'.. alsn t'iirni»ii ii«'ruti:itir>n to ilic 
n:)..ibiUi.t:, l"! I III niHii'-irr. Mi-iili>-nvilli>. "ii \\\v Otiio, in tin- li.iiJNt ut' a rirh 
.ut<i popnliiUM di'^tiict, roiitaii.s a iiiiiiiKt "t' wiMdUn -.inl cotton nniniir.'.rlMrh «, 
iri<n ai.d bras;* l-Mtiidi rit-!<, btf aiii-fnitiiic and inarhiiie liirtorit ••. I'Kppera'i uorK««, 
iM vrral laniii-ru'rt, and ^aw ami rioiir-inill;*. r< iii<n ai.d wonHi-n r.irinrit's, with a 
p"pui.iti->n ot' .Vjnll sonU. ( '!• \i-Uinii. liif u\v>i iiiipi>rt.iiii l.iki-port ot'dhm, 
•fttaitdA al the iinaiili •■t'llii* Cnyalio.^.i rivi>r ami oi' tin- Oliin <'.iii.il. Its hirliotir. 
li.is li**n stTiimi liy artifii'ial pn tk. and i^ 4N>iniii<Nliiius and i-nsy ot' urrrnH. 
I*i-piilati<tn. in 1*-I0, (i07l. llr'M>klyn, i-n tin- rippi.sur sidi' of liii* rivrr. rr>nl'iiiicd 
140'.* inliabilaiilri. In 1'«1'2, al Cli irland, tin rt* wvn- Ul(i> stf.iint>>ial.i ami otlier' 
arrivaU. and 2l(i'J lit-partnrts. K\p>>rt»>, .'S'l.'^.'il,^*^. In ilir same yi-ar tlii-re 
»i r»* ^U i>ail of vi'ilHi'l!* htluntj'n'j l«i thi** port, nf ulnrli ;'» wen* sii-ini-lio.tl<. 

Huron, H thrivin;; town turllKT wc^L is tln> ili |i«il >•!' a ri«*ii ai.d tli>urishin(; 
ili*»tri<'t; Niirwulk. in its rt.ir, (*<'iii nns som*' inaiiul.u ti;rin<r « oMidiNlniiiMits. :inil 
1 *■•>•> nd>aln!.iiil<*. Saiidii^kv <'itv l^ '>ili:.itt il on a t'lm- liav. witii a i;ihn1 harhmir, 
•ii.d IS a hu-y and i;ro\iin-5 plai*r. |N>rry!*l>nri', at tin' Ik ihI i>t' Ntrainlioal navi^M- 
ti<ii "II till' SlaiiiiMi-. is siiintfil ii}ii>n a hi^h hank l«i l>ii% the \\\\\:i ol' ilu- rivtr; 
iio oitii-iiifn ri>inhini<i ijr'-at aitvant.ii:* "i l)i>tli t'nr iia\i-.!'.iiiijn and inanntarturt s. 
I'l niilatiii) of' t aril. 'Jono. T«ili-do, tVifuii rl\ t'ort Lawronrr, i<«;i tloiiriniiini; i^-wn' 
I'crilicr di-wn tiio rivi-r, willi I'J'J'J iidial>it-tiii.«. 

lia\ii n. on th»* Mi.inii, at tlii> jiiiirtii>ii ul' \\iv .Mad rivi r, whirh rnrni*«lirs a 
••n-.it nnTidirr • l' iiiiii--i-ai«. is a r.ipiilly i^r- wm-^ t>i\vn, in a hr^ldy priHlm'tive 
ft L'i -n. Il rirrn Hunnn ai tivr traiii' hy lln- .Mi.::ni ( 'anal, ami it i* •n!:iinMiiiiiii'r<iu»- 
>iM ami •jri'^i-niiiU. m-vi rai woniii-n and i*i>ii- n la*.!- nr>, an iiil-iiiill, and othrr* 
i.iiiut'artiirifM. I'liniilaliun. in 1^10. IJtlliT. 



inaiiul'ai'toru'8. l'<ipiilaliun, in 1>^10, (AHiT. 



1 



IDMMONW KAl/rn OK KKNTICKY. 

Kkmickt ii hound'Hi on thn north liy thn Ohiu rivrr. wliirli Hrpamloa it from 
tilt- Nt.itt ^ of 4Miio, Indiana, and Illinois; vanx hy Viri^inia, fi>>nth ny IVnncswT, 
aT'.d W4'*>t liv lliv Mi«»i-sippi. winrh ih^pamtcs it fnnii lUv Siait* of Mis.'ionri : tlir 
■;ri .iifKt li-nuih \h a!»iui IIH) inili-s, lin-adtli 170. un-a |o,.'iOii ^•|>la^' iiiiIom. 

Tlir pnnripal rivi-rs i-i Ki-niurky an* tin- (Hun, .MiHSis!«inpi. Trninssi-i*, (*iim- 
III rl.iml. Kciiini'ky. dn fii. l.ii-kin<T, Kii; Samly. Nail, and K< liini;. 

Tlu- Cuiuhi'rlami .Moiiiit.iiiis f'^riii the ftMUth-cast lionnil.try of tin- Statp. The! 
ca'^ii rn rountu-i^, liordiTini; *m Vlr^lnia, an* iiiuiiniainoi:> and ripjiri'd. A irart 
fp>iii .'■ to 'JO inilt's widi\ alonir thf hanks of the f)hio, i> hilly and hrokm hndj 
inii-r«>;»i r^• d w i:h iir.in\ fi r^iir villiy*<. Hciwri'n this strip, (iri'i-n rivtr. and the' 
i-a-ti rn C'lintu s^, Ih-h what has hi-rn ralird tin- iranlt-ii of tl>i* St.Or. TImh is tin* ' 
iiio.Nt pipiilfiis part, ar.ii is ahoiil l'>0 inihs h-nir. iinil fri in .*iO !<■ IINI whIp. The 
siirfai'i' of this «listrirt is ai.'nrahly uiidiilatin<^. niid tf;r *«• il hiai'k anil fri.ihlf, ' 
pr- d«ii-iii/ hla«-k walnMt, hiack rhi fry, lioni y |iM*i:st. hufki-y*-, jaw p.iw. (•n<;ir- 
tr* r, iiiulhirry, * i:n, a>h. ri>i!iiii-w •»*«), and whiu- tftorn. Tin whoh- St it>-, ht|. w* , 
thi ini'untaiiis, ri -t^ •■n an iminrnsi' ht-d of linn-sti'ni'. i:s'.i^liv ahmit i-ojlii fiH-t ' 
hi !< 'A thr sisrf.n*!-. Thrro ;!:•■ (•\frywhiro api-rlnns in t!.iH linn «itoiir. thpinjh [ 
whn'h tho w.itirs --f ihi' nv«rs sink into ihi* rarili. Thf I.itj:*' rivrr* "f Krii- 
tnrkv, for thirt nas.in. are mon* diminish* d iluniii; Iht* drv si a-oni, than th'>s« of- 
any othi r part of the i nitid Statts. and tlir ^tinatl *<tri aiii« iniin ly di<..ip|)far. | 
'I'tH' hank^ of I'ji* rivi-r* :irf niinril iMirjt»'!iii«-* : t*-** rivi-ri h i;^'m<T ■'••fii-rO'v wi^rnl 



214 UNITED STATKS. 



j very deep chaniirls in the culcareou» rocks over which they flow. The precipirf-s 
formed hy Kentucky river :iro in many placfs awfully sublime, preiM'nunir per- 
pendieular rockif of 3(H) ft'et of solid limestone, surinounttHi with a bteep anu 

• (liincult ascent, four tirneH as hii^h. 

The principal productions of Kentucky are corn, hemp, wheat, and ti»ha(?r'o. .Sjit 

'sprinrrs arc numerous, and supply not only this State, hut a groat part *>l i*iit.> 

I and Tennessee, with this mineral. The phncipnl manufactures are cloth, spirit*. 

■ cordarre, salt, and mapln-suif ir. Hemp, tol>aceo, and wheat, are the principal 
: exports. These are carried dnwn the Oiiio and Mississippi to New Orleaiis. dn.i 
! fori'iorn groods received frorn the same place in return. Louisville, on the Oin.', 
- is tlic centre of this trade. 

In the sonth-west part of the State, between the (ireen and Cumberland river>, 
;are several wondt:rful caves. The Mammoth l-avc, L3U miles from Lt'\inirti>r.. 

on the road to Nashville, is one of the most remarkable caves in the world ; ii 

has been explored to a (rreatdistince, and is with ^ood rt^son supposed to extend 
I for 8 or 10 miles. The earth at the bottimi is sirougjly inipregnated with mirt-. 

which has been to a cnnsidenble extent mannf:icturcd from it. 

The population, in 17'JO was 73,677; in IhOO, 2-20,8yj; in 1810, 401.511 ; in 
1 1820, 5G1,317; in H30, »kS-,811; in 1S40, 77a,HeS; of whom l*2><,e5S w»rt 
'slaves. Of the free pnpulatinn, 305,3'«3 were white males; 2^*1.930 while tV- 
: males; 37<.»! were coloured m.iii-s; 3r»36 coloured females. Kmployed in a;^rici:!- 
'ture, 197,73*^; in commerce, .*>! IM; in manufaciurfrs and trades, *23,*J1 7 ; in na\> 

gating the ocean, 41 ; do. canals, rivers and lakes, UGS; in mining, 3ol ; in tr.*- 
j learned professions, lilK7. 

There were in the Slate, in !^<10, 3'J.'*,ft53 horses and mules; 7'^7,01»>s n»^'.: 

cattle; 1,0()-S,240 sheep; '2,310,533 swine; poultry to the value of $j3in1:>'.'. 

There were produced, 1,H0.S,I5*2 bushels of wheat; 17,191 of barley; 3y,*»l7.1-''« 
I of Indian corn; 1,3*21,373 of rye; 7,155,971 of oats; Hltiy of burkwheri; 

1,055,0-^5 of potatoes; 1,7mi;,817 pounds of wool; 3M15 of wax; 53, I3»;,9tn» 

of tobacco; l»i.37(i of rice; (>91, 1 50 of cotton ; 1 ,377,H35 of suin^r ; &^,.3tU*i t ii-* 

■ of hav ; 999'2 of hemp ami ilax. The pro<lucts of the dairy amounted to $93 1 ,3ci3 : 
= of the orchard, to $131,935 ; of lumber, to 8I30,3-2I». lliere were 2-2U9 g:ill:..nr 

of wine made. 

Ainontr the mineral productions, iron-ore, coal, salt and lime are ahund:tn:. 

■ Salt was produced, in IS 10, to the amount of *219,ri95 bushels, ilomfwnad** t-r 
f nuily manufactures amounted to 8"2,(»*2*2,'1G*2. The irther manufactures ci-nsi^'n •;; 
chiclly of cottun and wodllm iroods, iron, tobacco, cordage, spirits, salt, K>* . 
amounted to i?5,9l5,ri?s9. 

Truisylvania rniver«jiiy. at Ij-xin-^ton, was fmind'-il in 179?^, and is a fl..iir>l.- 
in'j iiistiiution. <.*eiilrc Cdh-.rp, at Uanville, was toundtd in lS'2-2; Si. Jo>. ,::*, 
(.'olleire, at Hanlslown. was fnumled in 1^1;); Augusia rollege,ut .\uiru5ta, w.i^ 
founded in I*<'25; (J'-or^down (!"lleiTP, at (M'<»rir»'town, was founded in \'^'2'.*-, 
Hacon ('oUcjre, at IlarnMlshurir, was foundid in l*»3r. ; St. Mar}''s Ci»llei»»\ M.i- 
rion county, was foumU'il in KI7. Transylvania I'nivcrsity has a llnuri^iiirj 
mr'dical department, and there is a medical institution at Louisville. In tlic f>.irt-g.- 
in«r institutions there wens in I*»10, 1419 students. 'Hiere were llfi academu* 
and irraiumar-^chools, with 49<M» students; 95*2 c.>mmon and primary sch-Mii^, 
M iih -2 l.il 1 1 scholar^. Ther.- w » re in the Stale 40,010 white ]ierson8 over *20 year* 
«if nirr who rould ntiih»r re.id nor write. 

' The Mapti^ts, thij must nunurous ndigions ilenominati-tn, had in I'^.tti, .'mo 
churilhs. :UH\ in)ni«»ters -.md ;^'i,<Mi(i communicants. The Meth(Mlii.t« had 1(Hi 
lrav'Hii)Lr |)reaehers :tii.l 31,100 c«imniunicanis. Th.- Presbyterians ha-l l-2t» 
chiiP'lies aini jiImmii lujhiii cnnnnnnicants. The Kpiscnpalians had *nw bi".? "i 
mA \'i nrriii^ti rs. Twr !i .!ij.i:i C-.jihi lies had a hishup ami .'M ministers. T;.« :• 
w. p" a •■••ii^idi r.i't'i- ni:.iil-i r "T < 'iimberlainl l*re>bytirians and Heformed B.\pr>i<>, 
t\\.i ^ -rii !it .; ..r SlMKi-r-*, trid one of I'nilarians. 

T: •• I'.i -.1 !:ijp "in! \\- rl. ••( !n* re. il iinpp>vem« itt is the I.iMiisville am! I' r*. 
l.ifi i ••■1. il. 'j* :ii»'' - I 'I. ». ar.'ijini ilie rapiiU in tl.'ijn riv-r. It adniit<t stiinj- 
!»• IT- ••!' t'te I ir "•*.? • l.s N. i^ ."id \',ri \\'\i\v ,\\ the siirf'.ei-. is excavated 10 hn't t*n p 
i:i t •■ '.^ip.HM liiiii •^■iie. :iTid lit- an ••ntire l-n-ka-je *>( :*'2 feet. The naviij;iti-n of 



KKVrrCKY. 215 

tlip Ki'iitiirky, (im-ii and hirkinff riven lr.is bci^n rxii'DNivi'ly iiniiroTrd tiy (iaiiis 
-.iiiil l(i*k<. \ r.iil-r'Mii rsi«'ndH rrr>iii l^'Xinifton to Fninkfi rt. It is 4ii>«iii;nid to 
III' rontimitd III l.tMiiN\iIle, but is fur thf prtM*ni Kus|H'iidfd. Se%'t>r;il nthi r niil- 
ri';ids li.ivi- liii-n projirttii. ■ 

I.r\iii<f|iui i< \\\t' nidf*4t town in tho Stair, and was for nianv v«ar» \\w capital ; 
il w MiiMtril in thf rentn< of a nvU trart of ronniry, almui 'JU luWvs (>a«<t' 
«f K«*nturky rivi-r. Tlic Rtrft'ts art' spaiious and n-^nlarly laid out, and tin 
Inxisfs and ]>i:ldir liiiildinjrM nrc nrat and flf;rti>t* This rity in nK>rf di>tiii- 
;;uistiiii for lis liimpiiablr anil puli<«h('d KiHMcty, and an an a^rrp<-:iblt.' plari- nf i- >i' 
ill lire, than for Imstlr of liiicim^ss. The piiMii* huildini2s runipris«- thf llalU if 
Tnniylvania rnivi-rflily, thf St.ito I. iinatir Asylum, 1* rhiirrhfs, ('onrt-lfmiM, 
J.iil, *J liank<i. Orphan Asylum, i'lMir-llousf, Ciiy SrluMd-Huusc. A;c. Tht-r*- art 
a niindit'r ^f h.itjiiin:; and ropr-fartiirUH, iri>n-fi>nni)f'rii>s. Kc. p4ipulation, TMhi. 

Frankfort. iIm' (Mpilal of thr St.iti*, stands on thi' rpjiit hank of Kcniurkv riv«-r, 
i>n an alluvial hi'tloni, ahitvr uhirh tho river hilN ri*ii' ahruplly to ihf hntiht < f 
nion- than 'J<Ni fi 1 1. Stcani-hoaLs ^o up u* Km nk fori, fai milt'b from ihr mouth 
i«f th*- rivi r, ami ki^d-hoats nnn'h hiijhi'r. Tho Suitc-llouKc in a handst'iiiu' idi- 
lii-f. huilt if uhiti- iii.irh!*', i.iki-n frmn ihi* hankH i>f thr rivor; and thoro m him 
a |Hiiiii niiary rundin'if d on ihc Auhurn plan. 

l.oiii«.villr, thi* pnnnpal «'ity in Kentucky, i*« ^ituatrd on tho Houth bank rf 
ihf (Miio rivi-r. ju-*: ahi-Vf thi- falls of that rivrr. Thr l.4iniKvillp and Port- 
ia n<l ranal fn.ihlrs lar^o ste.iin-hoals to roarh Ijouiftvillf at all staircfl of liie 
uatrr. TliiH rity rarrn-s on an fX!i*n'<ivi* and valuahic tr.idi*, many 1hnu*iaiid flal- 
hi ats arrivin«5 hi n- yi-.irly from all p.irts of th** uppor (Miio, and stcainbo-ats arriv- 
iml; and dipartnii; daily. Tho pi>]>iilatiiin. uhirh in tho yoar HiKlanuuntod to 
til HI, %« as in 1*^11), *J1,*JU^ ami in I'^l.'l. •J"<.til.'{. Tlu* public huildin;r«i an* vTi 
<*hiirchi's, a <*iiy Hall, ('i>uri-llttn-i's City and rnunty Jail, Manno llo*ipital, 
Mtdii-.d liistitiiio, 5 hanko, 1 mark* t^. City Work-lfoiiso, Hospital, 'J orphan 
a>ylnnis. S4>h<ifd f^r thf Hlind, \c. Si-ino if tho holds are amon«; tlio fint'bi in 
tho I nion. Tho iiianufacturo'« of LouiMvillo an* o\ti'n!<iv<*, and include futimlf* ■ 
rn s, s!i>am-hai!irini; fariorn-H, rop«-ualk*i. ci-tion ai>d wtNiUm factorios, fioiirmi;- 
iniiN, K*'. I'i'riland is a ^^r-iuim; villa'jr ai tho hut rend of the canal. 

Mayivilli* 14 tho tir^t c<>n!>>idor.ih|f t 'un of Kt ntuoky which i» pajisod in di- 
sci -n«iini; tho rivrr Ohio. It is tho drput of ihi* iippor part of iliv Stato, anil ii» 
traiii- IS pretty lAUnsivo. i'o|u;laii>>n in l**IO, J,71t. Newport and Cnvinifton 
an ihnvin'i towns, situatid i n the f*pp>i>ito hai.ks of iho l.ickiii(jr ritor, and itpp<- 
Mti til Cincinnati; th* y arc the m'Ms of •.•<iiio manufac tiirini; industry, as woll 
af tif an aclivo ir.idf. Tho stroftj« of (^lVlliiJl'ln aro mi laid out that, hut fur tho 
lilt* t\t iiiion of tho Ohi > riviT. llit-y wniild Im- .i f- iit:iiualiiiii i-f tlii>*«o uf < 'inrinn.iti. 
I'lipulatmn, 'Jii'Jii. Anioni! tho oihrr liiwii*« in Konturky aro llarr«MUhurL:, iioi4-it 
f-r 111 mintral sprint>s, l>anvillr. tho si :ii of Conin* C"lh-;;o, nard;>ii<wn and 
(M->-riiit«iwn. the soats of Homan Catholic coHoiji-h, and Princiton, the fitat of 
Cuinborland CuUogp. 



STATK OK TKN.VKSSKK. 



Tk!^nc*"«ke i» hfiundod north by Konturky; oast by \. r:Ii Carolini ; south by 
(■rr.riiia, Alabama, and Mississippi; and wcNt by Ark,ui«>a*i. It ih \20 intlos 
b'^n'j. and KM broad, ami contain^ 4Ci,(M)0 <«|u:iro mi Us. 

'I'tn- principal rivor-* an* tho Mi<His<«ippi. Tmnc^ssi • . Cuti.bi-rland. Clinch, 
l>uck. II- Uton. Kronch-Hrnad, Nohchuckv. Iliwas-ee, Ti l:ic.\ Kn If.i. t, t)hif.n. 
Fnrkod Pof r. Wolf, and Klk. 

Tuiiiossto i^ wa^hld by tho Mi<>issippi nn the wo«t.ar.d iho rivi r<Ttnnt •»'«rf' 
.ind Cunibt rl.'.nd pa<«« iliruigb it in very «orpfntino r-'ur^i •*. Wf^t Tt cno^soo, 
lyin;; b« twoon ibo Mi^'«issippi and ihf Tonn«<«i»-o rivorH. i«* alcvf! it <«lii;hily uii- 
•lul::!in" idain : « asl of tlii«i soclion is Middi- T» nn»-«s.i>, of i :. .!••!« rati 1\ hillv 
Rurfarr. Thi- (asiirii part *>f tlie St.ito adj-inini; Ni-rth CnT'l:?,;*, !«* km-wn by 
tho naino nf K.i!»t Toniiosufo : it abounds in in* uniaiii'*. m.mv tf Ihi-in bdiv, and 

■ ■ 

prtsriiiini; i«ccnory pi-culiarly {^rnnd and pictunsijuo. Of ihorfo m«ninlains thr 



^;316 UNITED STATES. 



Cuniberlaiid, or great Laurel Uidge, is the most remarkable. iStoiie« Iron, Bnld, 
I Smoky, or I'liaka mountains, join each other, and form, in a directioo nearly 
[north-fast and south-west, tlio eastern boundary of the State. 

The soil in a country so uneven must be very various. The western part of 

the Slate has a black, rich soil ; in the middle there is much excellent laud ; in 
i the eastern, part of the mountains are barren, but there are many fertile valleys. 
I The climate is generally healthful. In East Tennessee, the heat is so lem- 
; percd by the mountain-air on one side, and by refreshing breezes from the Gulf 
I of Mexico on the other, that this part of the State has one of the most desirable 
_ climates in North America. The middle part resembles Kentucky in climate. 

The great business of Tennessee is agriculture. It is the largest corn-growing 
State in the Union ; in the year 18-10, the crop amounted to almost 45 million 
bushils, or about 53 bushels to every individual in the State. The exports are 

, cotton, corn, tobacco, flour, ^c. The principal conmierce is carried on through the 
Tennessee and Cumberland Hivcrs, and from them through the Ohio and Mlsi»i»- 

: sippi to New Orleans. This State also supplies KentucKy, Ohio, &c. with cot- 

. ton for inland manufactures; and from East Tennessee considerable numbers of 

i cattle arc sent to the sea-poris on the Atlantic. 

The most valuable mineral products of Tennessee are iron, gold, coal, and salt. 
Gold is found in the south-eastern section, but it has not been systematically 
worked. Iron occurs throughout the State east of the Tennessee ; tliere is a n um- 
ber of furnaces botli in East and Middle Tennessee, which pnjduced, in 1810, 
above ;!(i,OUO tons of metal. Coal is found in the Cumberland Mountains of 
excellent f I uality. Marble, marl, buhr-stone, oitrnus earth, and other useful mine- 
rals arc met with, and there are some valuable mineral springs. 

The population of Tenn«sst.>e, in 1790, was 35,<»U1 ; in I^^OO, 105,603; in IRIO. 
*J(iI,7*J7; in ]S*JO, ie*3,si:i; in IKiO, r>Hl.<H)|; in IHU), Hj9,:S10; of whom 
183.0511 were 2%lave8. Of the free population 305,431 were white males ; 315.193 
do. frmalf's; 'JTDG coloured males; 27:28 do. females. Employed in agriculture, 
' '2*27,73U ; in ronimerce, *J*J17 ; in manufactures and trades, 17,K15 ; in navigating 
the ocean, 55 ; do. rivers and canals, 30*2 ; in the learned professions, tf(M9. 

There were in the State in I "^10, 311,100 horses and nnilrs; 8C0.*i57 neat 

.cattle; 711,503 sheep; *2.0*ir>,7n7 swine. Poultry was vahied at |t006,9fi9. 

There were produced 4,5r»!»,r>9*J bushels of wheat; 301,3*20 of rye; 4I,986,1^W 

of Indian corn; 17,1 IH of buckwheat, 7,03.5,(i7H of oats; 190,370 of potatoes; 

l,0»iO,.'?3-J pounds of wool; *JJ).550,i:« of tobacco; 7977 of rice; 27,701,277 of 



cotton; 'ij-^.^CS of sng-ar; 31, 'WS tons of hay. The products of the dairy were 
value il at §5-47*2,111 ; of the orchard at $367,105; value of lumber produced 
i?*217,f»0G ; 33»j»J barn-Is of tar, pitch, &c., were made. 

Iloine-niade or family manufartun^s, in 1810, amounted to $'2,886,661. "Hiere 
werr •2(1 woollen factories and 1 fiillinf;-niills, prmlueing articles to the amount 
of i*il ].'290; 3*4 rotlun ta<^torifS produced artiehs to the amount of $3!35,7 19; 3-1 
fiiriiiiri'S prinluer:! iri,r2*^ tons of east-irjin ; and 99 furiri-s produced 9673 tons of 
bar-imn ; *21 persons produi-rd 13.912 bushels of hituniinous coal ; 5 papor-milSt 
pruiliieetl articlrs to tin- anii;uni (jf $h»,000, and other manuf.ielories of paper 
nrcMJuecd to tin- aMn-nui of §1 1.CHWI; the wlmle employing a capital of (k93,(HK) ; 
117 perHi.nM pr'Hhiml \\aIa and eapn to the amount of 8101,919; 451 tanneries 
eni|>!('yfd a ciipit il of Sil<n,lll: 371 other manufactories of leather, iis saddliv 
rii's, \i'., pr.nluiM tl artiilis t.i \Uv anifunt of 8359,050, with acapiul uf 8154,540; 
•29 jiotti rii's ppMltjcid t) till' -.Muniiiit of 85t,ri(tO; hanlware and cutlery was 
priiiln<T<i tl) ;he anhxint -if S'»7.170; nuiehinery to the amount of 8'25^,7(M; 
1 l-2i; di>iiilirii > pr. djui ■! I,li»!».ln7 tfallnj.s of diMilled »pirils; and six breweri*^ 
pr« ,lvii'» il l*-.'l.'i «.m1I"i.>» I'l" III • r ; cirriayrs and wanrms t«i ilit! anionnt of 8*219.'*97 ; 
•Js r-.j-i -\\a!k. ppiln-.tl e««ril rji- i.i tin' auinunt of 813*2,t;3t» ; '255 tlouring-niilU 
pr«M|iM».l »'T.**-«I l».iinN "f lli.ur; an<i, wiih kIIut mills, pri»duced artirlea to the 
.luniint . t Sljijo.i.r.l, Willi .1 (Mjiii.il of [hil.310,195. The total amount of capi- ' 
l.il I iii)>i<\i il Ml III iiiiit.it-iun s, ||] i|it> .Nt.itc, wjM %>3,731,5SO. 

<iritn\illi- t '••'..• ijf, it (in tiiVilIc, in K.i>i T»niu>*sei', was founded m 1794; 
\V :i-.|iiii.^i. II ('ii:|. iri. in W.iNhin^^toii ciijiitv, was t'nundcd in 1791; llie L'niver- 



Nity (•!' .\aKh%'ille, llit* prinripal iiistiliitioii in iIh- Statr, m:ik t'i<niitl(-il uiiiUt rum- 
hi rl.iiiil C*filliMH*, in t**(Hj : ttic* Kafcl 'IVnnrsst-e Culli'ijf, •>( Kntiwillc, %%-.i.s ImuimIiiI 
111 1*<<I7 \ JarkNon (*iilU'>;r, m>ar 4*ohiiiil>i.i. w:i*i t'ocmlnl in I'^IiO; liu* houtliWi'Ki- 
rrii 'rhfti|ii|rical Sf'Miinary« at Mayjtviltt'. was tninuicii in \^'2l ; Itu* iHinibt*r tif 
Htuii* nu in lUvHv in!«iitijliciiiH, in I"*!!!, was Jiii'J. Thfrt* were in thr Stiiir 1.VJ 
ar.iiit-iiiiri, wiih .V^i'.l stuili'iibt ; anil 1<>3 ri>inini>ii ami priinary sfhoriU, uilh 
'jri.iKi'J m'liolani. Thvri' ^vtv in tht> Suic S^v^Jl wliiiv piTAuns, oViT .iU yeam 
«ii aiji', wliii coiilfl ni'illKT rt'-ail nor write*. 

In l*«nri ilio Mt'thfidisiH had 1*J7 tnivillinp pnMclirrs, ami .t 1/206 enniinuni- 
rai-.N; tin; Kaptiftt^ )ia«l ll.'l rliurrhi*s, *Jl'.i iiiinittcrs •tii'l •(KIT- r<iiiiniiinKanl!i ; 
Iht- PrrAhyliTianH hatl I'iO rhtirclirs, IM) iiiiiiistfr!<. ami lM,ooo runinitiniranta ; 
t'li* KpiitropalianH h.nl a iii?»hi>p ami eii;lii niini^itiM. Tlirrt* wrn* hcftules many 
(ViiiiiM-rlani) l'rtA!tyii*ri.tns, anu (fuim* I.iillicrai]**, Frii-iids, r|iri!»iiami, ami Kuinan 
ratlii>lii*n. 

S'»:m« wnrkn r.f internal iinpritvenunt hav»' Imn coinnM nn-il, htil an* at prownt 
sii4|i«'nilf il. A nil-fM.nl fr»»iii Mt-inphiii. • n tli»* Mi«.*i<«sij»|ii. .'lO niili'N, to La 
(i.'.in^i-, ill l.-tlayfilf iNuiniy, i*« in pri';jris«!. N-'jin rvilli- Jir.uirli will »'\trntl Iroin 
ilir iirain rn.iil. at Mumhw, li'i inilrs. to Sunn rvillr, Tlit* lliw:i«s«*(.' Kail-roatl, 
frt>ni KiKiwillf. **-<V imlcsi, in tin- (f»'i>r<:i<i line, is intfiuio«l lo utiit<j with the 
Wrstt^rn ami Atlantic HaiUrnail of (ii-iir 1*1.1. 

N-ishvillr, t!i4' capital, an I i'ir r.iD-t c -iisnii raSlf rity <'t' tlif St:it<-, is Mlualcil 

• >ii ilic 1(1 uth Nank r.l' l'iiin*ii rlanl mvit. Tin- silt- i> »]i>vau-<l ami i:n«vi-n; 
tin- ti\%n IS wt'll litjilt. ci'iitaiiiini;, lH-M«ii- S'Mii* tli-jiniiJ^M iiiu^-heusis, a t'onrt- 
il <i;^i-. Marki i-I|iii!*o, .Tail. I.cnaiir A«\lisiii, St.iti* I'mili iiii iry, .'i hanks, 10 
i'lii:ri-l)<!i. thi' Hulls ••! Na!*hvilli' Inivcrs.iy, a t'ciaalt' acaclrinx, ami varii»u4 

• •il.* r M-liiMi!s. The I'lty i:i MippliiJ Milh uali-r Iruiii lln' t'uhihi-rlanil riVfr, 
wh:>'li iH ru-ii'ij hy a •«ti'ani*r-n|riiu' iiilo :i n >• rvnir that i*i i-i>-\a:t'l (iii tV-pt ah-tvc 
liiH-watrr mark: n^ar a luilli'Mi ^til'-ni r.ui he r.iiMil ivt'ry *Jt hL>urs. I*(ij)uia-I 
II 11. Ill l-lii,r.'.»Ui». 

('l.irkrHvilii'.hi'low N jshviUo. i.<i a tiirivtifj liitlc tiwn. FrankUn. to tlic s^uth 

• 1' Na<*liViili>. is A huM\ tuwn with l.'iiKl inii liiit.in's, wh>>carrv nn s>-iiil' hraiii*li> - , 

• >f nii«haiiic.il ami nianiit'acturini; iiiilustry prt.uy cxTi'iioivi'ly. j 

Kii'>\villi'. wiiirh slamU on thr ri-^ht innk dt' |(>ii-tiin rivi-r. was I'.ir s ini«> titnt' 
ihr 11 .it nf ir^ivfrnnifnl, ami a placi* of ciiiiHuh'r.ihli' trath* ; ii-i cuiiniHrcial iiii- 
p iri ti:ci>. h"Wi viT, has nf l.iti' iliiiiini^ht'l. I'opiilaiinn iriiMi. It contains the! 
ILilN I f Kisi Tcnnpssw J'nlli'w, a iispt'ul ami ri«niri-.hiiiLf in^ilitii'.iiiii. Thi' other j 
t.iiMi-i I.!" iliis Hivtitin. I)!«>iiniviili\ Ji'm'-slu r--, K«"^iT>\ilh', aiMi Mary villt-, arc 
hill' villa^rcM ••!' j(H) IT t;iH) inhahiLiiiLs each. 

In the Biiiiihcrn part ot' ih«« .*«Jtali», \Vinchr*»icr, Kay«ttcvi!lc, at thr lica«l of 
iiavi^'.itiMfi "V. thr Klk rircr, ami i'lihiski, arc tlirivin>r little t^wiis ; i\.v l.i!!>i in^n- ' 
tMm-il h IS '.<<>«) inhahiimts an>i thi- two fthrrs .tS- nt Tini i .ich. 4* •linnhia < n t!ic 
lliii-k rivtr. Is one ot'tiic ntost tliMirishiii'j tow ;.•« in iln* >t i!>-. ai:<l U.f* ali lui rjtNl. 
iiiM ihitaiiis : It Is thr «iMt ot' Jacks'ii < "oMti:!*. Miirtp ••«'?•■■: ■, S" -r s'lii'- ti nr the! 
ciiiiiil il" ti.f Stair, IS nlrasantlv sil'intril in a v«tv rii !» .iii<! hiiihlv rii!iiv.it*'«i . 
li.sirit-t, aiil 11 has a popiilati-.n '-f l.'iDil. D'livar, a: tli- l:> .nl of iiavi.Mti--n nn 
ih." II iii'hcc, IS a very sro^inf; ami busy town; Uii:ii-l;-:i, « n tii»' si-c..n.| ("hirka-, 
siw llliitr. hel.iw the niiMilh i-f the Hij; Haleh***' rivrr. h:fS a ijo.i.1 harh*i:r tor 
siiMfiiliiM!* in all sii|r,.«! iii'ihr wai- r. anil is ci>iiveiiieni!v p! •.■•••i I'-r ttii- i»iitlel of 
a pr"i«:e!ive p'jioij. Minipliis is •iifuatnlon th*- tasi h.mk ••! !*:•• Mi^-i-^ippi 
riviT. on th."* !'*iirth <*iihkj9aw Hliiif. uhere iijil T'^rt l'i<*kt-:M.:; st<»Ni. ]i h is 
iiT.»' 'fthi' hi<4t >ites f'T a I'oinrnercial enin'rinin on iti*' Mi-«.|s..iji;i| rivi r. The 
hluSV IS .'<U (>'*{ u!»oVf tiie hitrhi>*tt ll.- mIh. The triife .-f IJ.!-* plarr )< alfriily cipial : 
ht triat "f any town hi'twe« n Nt. l,oiii> and New Orhans. I:iv>ntiins I cliurchei ; 
an acaileiiiy : .'i.'l siores, and 'if.)<Mi inhaSit.inl<<. A I'liitt 1 .*^iatrs nivy-yard i% 
to he I'HMtrii here, ami it is alrraily cnininer.ced. A rjiNr>>ad t-i La (iramje 11 in 
use : It is desi;;ned t<j form a part uf the Memphis ami ('harlestun Ifail-ruad. 



l^^^'"^^^^^^^^^^^ 



I-NITED ai'A*rE& 



STATK or INDIANA. 

IwMAHi is IWuDdod on ih« nnrtli by ili« Satu of Mlclilgvn utd IaIw MtckigaA ; 
m*t tiy Obio] Koolii try tile Ohio tUor, wliteh pcparalM il frun KenUekj, «■* 
weM by lllinoiB, from which il U sepsnlml In part hy tin Wnbvoh nvtrr. Tha 
motn Ivnglh !■ aboul et>4i, and idmid breadth 14(1 mile* ; am. khnal iRjOmi aquan 
niilri. 

11lt^ Ohio rinn flowi for 350 it 
Next la tb« Ohio li Iba Wabaali, 
TlpiHK^anua, f>\, S«Uniiinie aud MlstiatiMWa i(*4n, irtMc »ll ih* ountnl |ni(M 
of (lie Sutc In tlie aonh-wcct ■■ tliL- Knokoktc riVBr.aUibuNirj of UivIlliBM*'. 
la tbp Donh anil norili-nxHt art Xho ftvrra St Jo*r|>h nf Mlnhtnn, vii (be lit, J^ 
Hipb tit MoDincB I tho ftamcr flow* iota Laku Hichi^n, aticr Ibe Ullcr, wUU^ 
Willi Itao St. Macy at t'uil Wajnr, T'lnow Ilia M>uiit«« rivWi «t4oh Au*« tola Lake 
Kric. Ill tlic RDuttv-eiui ic th« Vihllc W*Ut rim, a Uibntary of lliv MUuil. In 
thn 11111111 nre n nuiufact of nmall livvrB aLd crM-k* wlileb llow into lb* Okioi aaat 
of which ar« nf iniporlaiiM. 

There bm no luounluiiw in Indiana ; Ibo couiiUyt huwevn, ia mm liilW i&u 
llhnui*, DiTtlexlirly lowardv Ohio nver. A Txng« of tow liilUi lallnl ibn Kt>Dli>. 
BttBiula Irom (be fulu of lh« Ohio to the Wnbuh, tn a «cDth-<mat diraetios, wbieh 
In many jAaoet pmduc«»bri)k«naiKl tinavnn Hurfsre. North i>r i1im« hllli lie tht 
Flat W oodi, 70 inilei wide. Uonlcritiir on all the principal aUmn*, rsorpi ik* 
Ohio, llivrs wo alripaiit tiuilam aiid |>raln« land; both tojiilipr, fmoiiliiw Ut '" 
nitn In width. 

Fur » wiiie (•itunt an ibe noitb front of the Sate, IwIvmo WalnuJi rim mmI 



poniia. Thn pralrioa bnrdariny t-n Wabuh nier arf> particalarlj ijnk, bansf 
urdmarily a vtgnnhlp auil from 3 lo6 feel d»rp. Pciiiipa nu port nfllM wwOmb 
world pan ibow a innler Mtnni of nnti litnd in ona body Uino lh»t (MMiiM Af Iba 
Wliito rlTM country, uf whkdi Indiannpolia i« th* Mnlja. 'Hw mmbk) pwMli aT 
thtt acdl eonaiata of oak of avrcnl kiixta, aab, bacob. bodnya^ walmt, i baiij . 
Mayla>alm, niiimfiaa. Iliiilnn. hnnrf Im iini. iniTtnii iimnil. ■jrimwii.iB^wiilbiiji 
Tba prinolpal pmduotiona are whirat. lyo, Indioik eoni, oals, biMbwhaat, bwUj< 

lUiooa. baaC norfc, hutwr. •■h«Mft, Aux 

Iroik wul eMU hava bwa found in thn Suto ( and Ihara ant aMnt aalUapriiifB^ 

id aiMaii^^alla Mf faauA in u euvo naoi Corydoa; bnl tha ■Inml prodiwliina 
hiTa no great intoreat. 

TtM gKtpalatlun. in 1800, wat ltfi41 l in 16I0.«,M0t In ino, IJI.ITS 
1B30, 34l,GKe; in 1^10. fiAS,eii6. Of thaaa ibxra w<aa 359,773 whiM nuba 



>,[I35 while funialot 3731 coloured malaa; 3434 erdonirJ faoiaUa. KnploTad 
inai^culiure, US,8iMi in ooiniiierce.30T0i inmanofartarM anJlndat,]wim>i 
in miniiig, B33 ; in nart^tuie .tba oeaBit, B9 ; do. euiala, lakn, uJ t Itiii\, 1177 
la iha laanwd profeatiooa, 3357. 

In 1«4V ibara wire in tlit* Siau-Me,036 hotamaitd iduIm; et!l,9S0 D*atraUfo 
C7a,»flSabiiopi l.C93.GlM^airinai poaltry lathe rainn of93d7J94. 11ir» *«• 
producMl, ^M9A^i buahvli of whaal; 139,631 nf rye; «S,1iiA,an mS iMtkn 
eomj 3S^ia of batlcyi Ii,99l,riae nf oalai l,&0a,T»4 '4 poWnw; UU7JPi9 
lOOnds of wool; \fim^W of lobucoi 3,797,705 of aai[»ri W^DI of hraai 
I0,M7 of waji ) 178,447 ion* of hay. The nroduota of the <U(y wan mduad U 
•?4S,&n9i of the otdnrd, « 910.0S5) of lumber, ai »4fiU.97i ; nf Ana a*d 
akin*, at •9dO,S6X Thora wm mad* 10,S«5 |t«l1oD* nf vlnn. 

In IMO, Ibe amuuol of capital pnn|ieil in iamtn Inda waa f I,SA;,400; la 
Ibe reuill tiada, •A,664,GR7. 

The amount of bonta-madi or fsiaily inanufiifTliirea waa#l,!m.Mlli 91 ralfiaif- 
mill* and 37 woollen niatuifactunea produiard Brliclaa t» th* aiMaiint uT KW,<*I)7 i 
Ifl colum fsetecin pnduoed anlrlaa la the amavM t€ 9I11,U0| 7 fan«a« p(» 
dnoxd SIO Um of caai^mnt 1 tat^ pradnoad SO Una tS Iw4rea *~ 
nliMd 94S,M0 batata of blMminona coal; paper i — '"' 



INIIIANA ILMM 



! aiiio lilt f'f i?"'«i,l.'i7 ; InlKiorn t"i th«' arii<Mii)l i.l" ^h.'i.ii.'iM ; ]\\\h :iM'i v\y^ i.- th" 
.1:11 • .lit f'l' $l-.?,**ll : "luv**, lin.iU, s.t<!(!lf>n(<:, Kr., I . iIm- ihikhiI.I ••!' J* T. I' ».«'•» I : ' 
lui'Miii'-ry In tlif? aiiuMiitt iir^l*J.'{,*«n"« ; .'rj.'i<ii>ti]1i rv'^ pr ••!'!••• il l.T-T.l''- -/ill ■i.»' 
■ •!' •:i'<tilli*il *|»iritH; 'in hrrwcrii'K pr«M!iiri«ti 1'''^..*{1»-J 1: .!!■■?.'. •■!' !•• « r : r.srrij^i'* 
.u;«l w ii;-'iis \\«*ri' iiiaiiurirtiiri'ii !•• tin* aiib'iiiit r-t" ^I '•.'<, I ;).'i; 'Jul tl •i;rifi.»- tiiiN 
in.iiu;fVluriil 'J-M.ti'JI ^^iirn-lN uf ll-Mir, an«l, wn!i ■ Ihi r iml!*, |.r.M|ii«»il iirtn-"- » t. 
!!.f .iMi'Mini ..f 9;?.:<-J:»,13| ; vr!«<> U wrn- ImjiIi 1.1 i! »• tin- mm;! .■!" *lH7,-J.':i. Tfn- 
l> 111 .iiii'iiiil (>r i*.(|iit.il ciiqiliiyiHl in iii.iiinr.it'luri-'^ i\.is $l.i:{'J.ii|.'{. 

Ill !i iM.i <''l!i^Lr»'. at Ml«'<»iiiiiii:!«'n, w:i?* r«imi!»i! in 1^"JT; N"i:ih 11 iii-^Vi r J'f!- 
!• ji , ;ii S..«ii'fi llaii'ivrr. 111 I*»'J'.»; \V.iJ»:»'«h (*«il!».;»\ at Tr iwl'-r-i-^ jllf. iii l^.'sr?: 
\'.i' Ini!i.iii;i Axhiirv I'mvi rsiiv, in l^'i'.». In ilw-r in«tiititi<i|i<i tit r. w-ri, in 
I"*!'', 3'J*J ^tiiiftiii-i. Tlii-n" Wrrr in ilit* Si.iti' .M ai"i'!»iiii' -i. wiiIi •_*'M«» ••its'l* ni.-, 
Ml! I.VJl r«>niiii'>n aihl primary Kt*li<«<U. v« iiii I".!""'* •»i*h>'i.tr'». Ii- l-Jn, ihrn- 
wi :■■ rN.liMi whiif pir»-'ri!i (iviT *Jii \i'ar*» ft ai^*- \%li » ^-'mI-I im itln r n .u! n-r writi-. 

Ill I*»!l«i, til*' na)itist** had .'tlM rlinriMu's am! •Jl"' iimU'.l* t-j : t!i.' I'n «'fiy? riaii-* 
li.i'! Iii'.» rhiifi-li* N aiiil *•* niiiii.*-!»T-» ; tin- M» ili ••!i"»t"« ali-Mii 7'' «"r"*".;ii p:i- .«-|iits; 
till- l.!)'.li>'ran-. in \*^'Ao, had Tin i""H.5rii!ali -i;-* :mmI »• MiUm-I'T'J. Hi >.|.!i ^ iKi h** 
tin r»- ari' many rri'n'i", S'Uiu" Kpi-<* pihaiis. !{> .n.in falh-iii ««. ai."l *...•:'»■ Pr- -liv- 
ii n.iii".. Mith"«li-:-* ath! Maptt<it<« ••t'llillVrrnl •It-iTipMi'ii*, n.-t iivlr «i } in i).. I'mvr. 

'I'll*' priip-ijial ««rk of iiiti mil imprfviint i.i iin>)i rtakt-n by t'-i-iSi'ir 11 iho 
W It i>!i an'i Krir iMiial, whioh rxiiMids rnuii I..it'i\i-lti\ at ih»- hi ai! ■■t'^Na-ii-li al 
r I't ij itinn iMi t!i»' \V.ih,i».h, l**7 iiiii»"». i" t!ii' i:.\!ijaMr wat^r- • t' I.ik-- K'-ir al 
*!'■ I'll. I, •■«n ManiMiT Mav. Tih' Whitfwaiir <\iiiil «\!»ni!> fr-jii l.!\%rtt;>*i \i!!i', 
.1: iIm- iii.uiih of th»' riviT, 7»i mil' *. t' < ' «in!»n«''j»" «'>ty, "n ihf \..ti- -n! I{'":!«I. 
h i- .i'"»n t'» In* I All inlfil hv a hr iiM'li to <'iiii'iiiii;H, \»lin'h i** in pr"/r« ««s. Tin* 
Ml Is-'n aini !ii'lianap"hs rail-r- a«l, iV-mh Ma«li« n i-n ifw tMii«» t\v r. :*."i li. :'.•■■* t<« 
luhatMp '1|H. ii in pr-ii^rr-is aii-I n»Mr!y r-iinpU'ii ■!. Oilnr w.-rkH • I 11. l« rn i! iin- 
j r vt till-Ill havf In • n pp-jt I'lnl aii-l hi-jun. h»;l ;i.'» al [ip-**-!!! si>j*» i.ilil. 

In li tinp-'lj*. ihr r.i;iiial if tin- S; iii, s'.in.!^ . n '.h-- li!"t hank I'f !!m« u 1 nI f rk of 
N\ M'.i- nvi-r : il !•• laid oiil uilh iin.rh r*".'iilariJ\ , aii«! \\\l\\ wi.l« , ««|i.i«-! os -•r.-iu. 
'I*:.'- p'jhlir hnihlini*** .in* lli*- St iii'-ll'-nsr, liovi rn r*-^ l!«"i«.«', a haiA. 1 1 rl.i.rf'i. s. 
Ill '•••'i-t .!^, I li'irari' H. 1 rutinlv "»i-!niiiirv. wii'i phih '•i pliii-al ai.'l r!.' ■i.i- .1 .-ji- 
j. i".!i:«», 1 piintii'.i;* *f!irr«i, in biiir'«4. hi niiiU • f vari •'!«. km i-i. ai.il v.-n ■• ^ > 'jii r 
:.i i:- ifwliirir.:' ♦ siaMi-!im**n!*. I'iip::lali"ii, in I ••in, ah.i.i 'A't\M). Tli- n'l- lul 

• 11 1 p <<..»#••» tJir'-ii'j'i il»«- ii'wn. 

V» '.v Aihiiiv i". ih' I iriri'fti tiiwn in ihf Stiii* ; it i< on thn Ohio rinr. a f » vv 
!"i!!' - h'l-i\v ih*' f.il!-. P<ipi;laliini, I'J'Ji'i. Tlir pnn'Mp'il huiliiinj:* an- 'i * '< li*!- 
II Hi', J III, !' r'.ar-'hi -. Iiank, in*nriiii'»' tttVa*! . I yi-* i:-.!, trial*- ai:*! I'l rn.:!' -* im- 
ii ■.r\ , i!ii ..l.i'j!'- '.! ■■ il» M". ^1'. ; I'll n- art- al-. I ;• ii'.i,;'ii r "f luaii-jf !rT--ri» «. ■ !" v.s- 
r. .- kini'». J'lV« r- i.vill*-, w M.-li -l.iij.j-i opp Ml" i-i I.-M'tV iKf, is a lIiTiMiii* 

• "• ii.uilU .••'••Mi.ii .I'ltan'.M. Ii ri.nt.i'in** t?-.** Si ;!»^ pri- n. Maili-.i-n. .-n tl.i- Oi-i . 
-!■•:. H.in«» liiNlir.'-f- I ri*i»r nj». i-* a tl'Miri-hin-j t'»wri w ilh rCI*** in! aSilin'- : i*. 
:. - •'. i-!i!jr<'lii"«., a < ' •url-IIoii^f, J.iil. Hank, Sa\ 11. •_'■« ILsiik. -'i^ -t.'r*'*, with •.•\iral 
.1 ■ •! -.••l-rii- . r: il'i. •%••. \'*'vav was fi-in-ii-il \\ a Swi-.s r..I.ipv. wr.h I'J^Mi; 
h ..."•.! II. l"*. Tin J* '.;-*• has hi'* n •ii;riM'*»HfijMv r';!iiva*ri! hrri-, aii-l tfn- f>wn i-* 
•» .' iiFi'i.i hv vin-y.-rl**. I, iur»'n''»'hi:p^, in ihi- *)hi'». p;-t hi I"\v ;!.*• Ui- :V.t r.\' 
\\ ■ i!- Wall r rivi :. ** irrif* on an * \:*nsivi' ira.h-. fnit iK '^I'.v h»iii'j I.-\v. it is 
•- .■■ •.:!i» "i s:*»;i •■! ! I ii.i.ni)ali<>n «!iini.'j v*Ty hi-jh ■*!'„•••* of :|.i' waiir. 

Ni w ll:irni"nv. 'ii il.*» Wahasii rivir, wa»i f -iinilnl hy ihr (itriiMn ^-ri «».!li.l 
II »:..!• :ni'i, liijl* r ll . linvinn if Mr. U.ipp. In l-JI il w.si h .i-«.»ht !«\ Mr. 
( * ■'. • 'i.of Lanark, u !. ^ atti'iiipti il to put in opi-r.i'.j. M hi n hi-, ik w .s .i j.-.! S\v:. m; 
•■ • -i-'ii' 'u- faili 1, .ij! hi"« folh>wi-rs wi ri- lii-pi r- !, h'.l !',•• \i!!iji s^ n -w a 
;' ti-!imj pi H'lMii o:!,*-r h.iniit, Vii.i'*nn»*«., hi:.'hi r «p t''.'- riMr, is t!i«- ■■'ii*'*»i 
•T ■■•.:. In !Mi' Si Hi- ; ir was fM:niI>ii hy tin- Trfii.'!!, m I7:?«>. It r- :.t iii.- •Jimni 
1 . -. .'Ml ii.l-.. ;:'i--.:! .» I'fiii of wh-'iii ar*- I'n ir-h. T* rri II '.■.*•. I.af i\t •!•-. ir..| 
I,. J 111-;. Tl. ;sr«' -i.i.il! Inil ll.i'irMlim^ t.iwiis nn !!.•■ \V •hi«.h nv-r. Uu !.. : .iu\, 
"I !iii- \ itiiiii! It'i'.l, iti'if thi' Oi'i-i Slati' lint-, i- aN-- a p -ju:! i s lif.li- i wn. 
'I"'., iitv of Mn'M^uj, f-«nn.i*Nl in I ''.I.'*, at ihi- hiil if I.il»i' ^I! -iii mi.. !>» \)ie 

• •i.!\ h ir!i "..r on ih** lak** in tht* State. It i"* \\#-Il siiij.jt*.! f r tn.ii.aiil hm 
a'. .! 70U iiitrahiiani4. 

" at; 



) 



II?*1TED STATES. 



STATE OF ILLINOIS. 



Tau feilllc uid impmving Siau u bounded north bj Wuootuia Turiinryt e*K 
I Inrllnnn, *outh liy Kmluck; , und wMt bjr Urn Slate* vf Mliwcditl and Idt— 

. • mediuni Ungtlk w bUuui 3S0 mUe>, nnd madiom bccndlh 170 1 (he ■!«• be 

UUOO Maein milM. 



iui of ilio SUU. Tti« oihcc matt aoTuidcnibt* riven aie tbe QllwdBa Ka^ 

kukin, MuiUj, Little Wabwb, Ruck, Susanton. Eiubomt, Fox, Dm Ptaii 
Ilia >outhern and roiddk P>it» of itm Statu ■»> fat ibe moM pan 1»vd 
aorth-wen^ra Melian t« a Iiilly, bKikan counlrTi (bough ih<?ra ai* nn Ufh hilU. 
Tbe eliinaU KMnitilM Umi of IndiaoA and Oliio. The wil ia 



Ushhi 



in lar^ ijiianulic*, am yiclda Sour of nupsrioi quality; tye wnancli uMd tut ■!>»' 
lillation. Hemp, tobacco, nnd collou, are i-utli*aiad ; tlie Uiwr la nKWilj ow- 

aonwd III )juuM>nold mDiiufnctUTM. Largn bcrdi of caltia uo kept, ■r'* 

nurnbrn nre driven out of Ibo StalD, ot Knt down tlie liTCc ia IUMi«al*> 
•tuida or bo|[* are nilaed, and jitnk ia Iargi>Iy sxpaiwd. 

Coal, nolt, end lime, iron. l«td, and copper, ub amonff ibe miDBral pm4iH9li«» 
of lUinoi*. Coal is ahundam Id i[i»nf quartet*, and I* worknd fi mm* " " 
Le«d la found in the north* wealcra comer of the Slats in uhaaatloaa am 
Tho Indiana and Fri^neh hod lif^n lony Hceuatoinad to Bcocun the ttm, liat 
not until llUfifi that the proena of acpxratins the nMtal «k> hctfea. Stoea (has 
tine the buainMa hue bum acUtuly pursatHj. and u much «• towi Iom ef lead 
hare lieen •Tnolied in <tiM yi-ar. Sonic asll U made neat Shavnootaim | pmg 
Danvillo, on ths Litilo Verniilion ; and near Browniillc, on Modiy enck. T^ 
Mlt aprlttsa an owned by thf> Unlivd Statra, and lc»>«d to the ii>aiw> 

'Die population of IHinciia baa inerawwd with Uie iBUieamastngtaiiUItf hIW 
oftliAniiitthboaringSiaira. 'thu eonatitutJon proridc* that neither abvat^r Ml 
in*olimlsTy ivrvituiie aljall buntnrtvr be Introduued into Ihr Stiila, oil ~ ' ' 
for the piiiiiHliitii-nC at nrimca ; and »■ noKTona oomini; into the State 
M give bniuta wiili aoeurity, Ihst they will not becotoe cbarpabl* 
there an' f«w liUnka. 

Tb« populntion. in 1810, wa* l3,!S9i Ui 1820, Ofi^Qll; in 1830, liT»Si 
ietO,47D,IB3i orwboDiSfiS,333 were MhiifinulMi at;,OIl)do. (MnaJaat tm 
eotonrtil male* ] ITtt2 do. fninalM. Buployoil in aj^cnltiua, liU,3STi ia n«~ 
mercn, '2ri06 ; in manufacturvii and tradea, I3,18fti iixuiatng, THI; inm«tff»lii_ 
the ocean, 63; do. lakaa, riTere, wid nanala, BlOi la tba learaeil Bwhialiiu^ 
BOBl. ^ 

Hiero vm in the ^talc. In 1S40, 199,335 hor*et and Dit>li«; 0*474 
caitla; 3Ua,«T9«lie(>u: 1,490,304 awina. Poultry ralufd at taOSAM. 1 
WOK prtiduMd,3,3.li,393huaheU of wheat: »i^\ ofhatleyi iJl9Rfi»cCi 
88,197 of ryej 6T,a41 of huck«hMi; t»,634,3II of Indian corn i e.oaM'M 
poiatOM; (ifiO.007 pound* of wool 1 lT.T4fl of hopa t SW^f! ofortlBa; 5*UM{ 
of tobaocdi 399,S13 ofaugar; IIHof allk poenaiiai lyTG U4» htii>|> emi daS (J 
IM,93S at hay. The tiriidiJcU of the daiiT worn ralued el >l!W,l7At of ''~ 
orchard al>lSfi,Ta6: of iDiubti al ttO$,6«6: of akinaand fun at taU.JIS. 

Houie-inad^ or fiunily miaulhctura* ainnunl«4 to $39H^S7; I UIUr 
and IG woollen tnnDnlkctotiM projiKcd goBda ta the aBaont of flOMfl , 
MCVa prndnced I&8 tool tif eB«t-li«ni 90 anolthHr^ioua** produced <*,T4&,I 
pounda of luad t S9 iienune pradoMd SD.OOI) bttaliola ofaalt) kaia mil c8|i*« 
naniiAiclurad lii thi) amount of <98,391l i IM tannerim emplniti) ■ capiuO at' 
•IS5,(<79 i {£36 otliM menu fae tunc* vf leather, aa aaddlmlea, &«„ produced ana- 
elee to ihr aiuount of niT.ittTi maclunrry waa pruiaad M the amoovt if 
•IT.TflO: ISD dialillfrln pnvluced IJUI4IH4 fiMim at dlaullml apliiMt llj 
hrewcrlna prnliirni DII.3<HI j^llnnE of Wri rainaoea and wacrmm unr fimdoraJj 
lo tbp amount <jf t\ti,Z63 ; 9^ Hourinc-iiiillii ptuJucn) ITV.AAT barirla vT flo«»„ 
and. Willi oilii'f until, nuiiufni-iuicd nrtiriM 1^ ih* amn.mi .if tO,4IT,-4!lfi; 



ILI.hNOlS. 



.-...] 



\wvu* Th:t ' !•• thr amount of 939,*iU0. The liiil uii.'MJi.t it' capita! iii:: !• y* il in 
lii.n.iit.u li.ri 1 w.iH ^II,13lj,5I'il. 

Hliii' II t'o'i!i«4»-, •** Jtirkwinviili', wa«« fxunildl in l-^-J'.'; Shurilj :V <*' !l«;»f, 
iM I j»|»iT Ah'-n. in I'«3.'»; .M'Kiin!r«'i' <'o!!« «^i», jii I<il>-.in<>n. in !•*■.'< I ; M'l>"M"iiuh 
<'>ll*<;i', at M.ii'i'iiih. Ill I'vIC. Ill tht't'f iiisiitnt!i>ns thrr«' \\tT*\ in l**li). .'Ul 
•idiiit niH. Thi rr Mm* in tiiu Sia\v t'J «i<M(1i iiiiiH. wiili lIM'iT .<^iiult-iit> ; I'Jil 
4*Min;iii>n anil priiii.iry M*hooU, with 31.*<T(i m-1i> lar<«. ..iu\ *JT..'>(*'J \«!iiti> ]Mrs'>iis, 
•Vf-r *J1 vt-arH ■■t':i<;i', who rotilil nt'iilicr rt'aii ii^-r \vri!t>. 

TIh- Mrth«'i!i»HH .in- ihi" inrist nnmrrous iliiwiiiii .iTi<n ; ihi* Il.iplh!* :iiii| I'rrs- 
li\i>ri.ins an* ih»^ nr\t in p'lint uf niMnher^; ilic Kpiscc iiuli.nit ;-.i'.ti K'-iiian (*>i- 
t!i- lh'*» ,\Tv It-^m nimi'-rouN ; and thcrt' ari' tioiiit- iiih*'r ii<-hi>iniini)>>ii*<. 

In I**.'{ii tills St.iti- aii'-pu-ii .in i'\tin?«ivi-NV>ii in I'l' inti rnii! nii|>r-i\t'iiiriitii. r<n- 
<«iH;iikir ot'ciiKiU aiul rail-ro.iii«(, iiioHt nf uhii'li iniist hv \, tt \>t ;:ii<.i).i r v, in rath n 
t>> i*'iii',iii.'t*-. 'I'lif- DiinoiH :inil Mit'luLptii Caii.tl. lhi> i:i st iinjiorlai t • t thi m .ill. 
!-. Mi pT'iirfrsw, .'iin! ui!l |iri>l>alily h»" I'l'inpUlMl. It • \i'iii!> iV ^n ('l.n*".'" rivrr, 
.i!"iil .*» iiiili'^ rrmii Clji'MU-', \o tin* hr.ul nl" hIi .iii,h..Lii iriiija'.i ii '-n th Illir. "in ' 
rivt-r, ai INrn, l^*; muIi-; it m tin \'ni \iiil#» .it iho •.-•p. an<ii li t'iri «!i • ;». A rul- 
ro.MJ I \'t i.iIn rr<[ii S|>rin*^h( II). fi^ iiiiUs, tn M»r ili -«i.i, • ii llliii- i*« ri\>r. Cnal 
MiT.f ninsU iriil-r.>aii I \ii nils In-ni Mi*.sisHi|i|ii rivir. iJ rn;!»-^. t • I'.r i- -.•.I iiiii.f. 
' U\i» r r.iii-r<'.'. U liavi- \u in riiinniri.rtii, hiii tJ.» y .m a! pr» si n'. s-i^j • i.«Sk!. 

Tin' )>rnii'ii>.tl l««wn in Ilhni'is is C'liir:i'/i.. on L.iki- Mn*hi::in, :it tin- in tilli i f 
i -rii.ill rirt-r "f tin* s.uni^ naiiu*. Thi* r.inal n •« in pr":!"' s* fr in tlii'' riiy i ■ tjje 
lllin.-m riViT, whin I'linipli-trjl, will hrinj' I" it a v.isi ii.iTr.isi- <| tr.uli'. It m 
MtM.itfii III hwih >iili?* of thi* riviT. An .-.'tifn'i.il hirli'isr h.w luni inaile 
hy liii* r-u.striii'tiin of jiicrs, whii'h, ••xt«r.»l:r.i ^.-nn' ili-Jt:uiri' iiiln tin- like, 
pr* vt lit th«* ai'iMiinnlali 'n of sitnil on ihi' har. T!u t-iwn lias i»r wn up within 
In iir \'2 y«'ar'». anil ronfainn ii rhun-ln «*, .i t''i:ri-Ili ;;<• . J:iil, I . .*<. I.ai.il-DiVi'*', 
in a«Mii»iiiy, Fif In"«'iraiiri' Co., with nmniT-Mjx. -t -ri'-i aiiii niriiiiif » tirM«. Thr 
I'liY IN •oiippliiii wiih x\ati r fr'>in ihf lake l'"]*- Iri- n. in l^in. I'lOO. 

V.iiiil.ih.i, tl.r lati' capital of lh»- Stiio. i* i -m..!! j. wn wiih *»«mi ii:li:i»ii'.'.nl<. 
It 1-4 -n x!it r-uti* ifilu' \ uiunal Hi-.nl.on tt.*- w* -I h.i k « f il.i- Ka»k.isl|-i rivi r, 
j I'l s.i '•n null s II ri!-.-« i-i of M. I,imii<. All" n. -i:-..ii«il Iwn inili «. .11..I a h.ilf 
ah \' t:.«' ni'-.th • f lii" Mi'*«.oiiri. aiiti ♦ i^hiirn hi !• u t^ .1 i-f iJ.r |I|iii*:«i. ■ n ih'- 
Mi^Kis^ijijn rivi-r, i- th** imwl ruinnit'ri'i.'l X'-'.w in i' i- Nijttv l*t •.^''^sir^ ,1 r. ;ii- 
inuiii •J- h.irh -iir, with an ixrrlii-r.t lamiiii'j f r s'l aiii't- .it<, it I.a** hii'i-ni" thr 
fi iiifi- 'f an .iriivi" ami prow ing Imiir. |*ii]inla!i'in, '2'MO, Thfro an* In n* *i 
•-liiiri'hi s, a h.iiik. \.yc* i.in, M«Thaiiiri»* Asjon'Mii'T, ** -rh.o.iU. a pt ii;it ntiary, aiut 
'.\ pnniinpK'ilirt*.; anil il •• pii'tiiriHijiir sii«- i.f tin t wn is wtll m I oil" hy its nt-at 
li-'iio* s. •inrr>i)ii<li'il hy ta>*ti lul piaz/an anJ ;r->y ••hn.h^rry. I'p]ii-r Alt -n. .'{ imlog 
in ilo' par i-f Altm, i*» tlu- siMt of .*<hiirtlf-lV ('•«l!i ^f. an-1 a ilf -h'jjiral bcininary. 
Y'Aw ;r!H\i!li- 1^ a itriit ami thriviiiir viila^rp, {,1 ih. ni.rth 'fAlton. 

<\<h..kia aii>l Ka-«k.i<ki.i arc ohl Fn-nrh villaiji » on tl.i' Xnnrir.in It 'ttoni. m t- 
i!i il a** i-.:rlv .is thr yi-ar lli^3, with from fiOU to ^'i'o ii.hahr.ant.s tarh, ni<'»t of 
wh'!ii art* I" rt nrii. 

Nj''iirifii !•*., \\if "M[iital of lUinom, is n«'ar thf nntro ff tho Si.tio, nn iIm' h- tiler 
• f I hi .iiiiifi.I prairie, ami siirruiinilfii by ^iif of tin- in< ^t fi rtih' tracts 111 ihe 
f'lii-n. It ri'iitiiii?* the State- 11 ou. tie, Conrt-llx'Uhi-, inarki l-h"ii^*>, J.til, l*. S. 
l/iii'l-OiTiCf, 3 Til" i.h inirs, Il chiiri'hi'fi, 31 »t««r»-*, mn- iron-f'ni.»!«ry, I I'lnling 
111 i''iiii.i's, 3 printi:.>:-"f)l<'cA. I'i>pulatiiin, *J.'»7'.*. 

J.ti'ksiinviiU* is r rt- cf the lap/i *«t inland t>>\iin< in llu* Siati- ; it i** '-n an • I<'> 
\.i'.><l jroiiii.', in thr iiiiiUt of a ih lii;hthil prairu . I*f']'ii1.i:i< n. 'J.'iOii. ('.tri'll- 
i-!). fi.rilitr Hoiiih, IS 111**! a jjruwiii-j \ill.i{ri>. 

IV 'rii IS sitiialnl at tin* foot of tht* like rif that r.aiii>-. -.mil i-n thr I!!ii: -i^ riM-r. 
It i'"iii.:ii.ft 1 lt!7 iiihahitant^. t)tiawa, ahiiVc \\.f K ipii!**. ami i.i-.ir the wiNti'rn 
ti riiiination of thr llliii- ih and Mii'hi>ran (*ana!, i;i als>i a ih iiri^hinj m!1) 'o, with 
lit--, 'I w.ttiT ami a ^■■••d l.iiidini;. 

ijiiii>r> ijt on thr ra«t haiik of the Mi!f*«is«iippi, lfi| iiii!*.s vii>t • f .^printrti* id ; 
it i<« a thrivirii; toi\n, and lia<i I50U inhabitant-^. |{>i-k I«! in I city i> .'t the 
jum*ti<n of :hi' Mississippi and Br"rk rif pr« ; it is l.d-l t.nt on in •xti n^ivr iimIp, 
and include*! .^lrpiien<««)n villa|;e. Populaliun, 7tHi. (iali n.. i-ity, \\k'.*.t the 1. rlh- 

ly* 



ofUivSistt. 

s on FevM rt»«r. 6 

•leainlioala ut sll kUi(;<« oT ifin wnUir. Laija qiuntlti** of Im4 m tUirpvd fram 
QaltiM uTcry MUon. Population, 15U0. 

Nnnvoo. Itni cliy of ili« Monuoni, la •iiontnl on tho «ul buk of th« Hi 
algipl tITvr, 194 mito* nDrth-WB*i of SpiinufiGld ( it la t mile* kr 3 ia ■sunt, aarf 
CDDliina mora tliftn 1000 liiilt<llii({B biiiT 70(11) l»lu>bUaiiUk llw cUrT 
building aro iha Nau*ui-!laumi, a ipacioua hotel, in part of 1•^ifh Jo* 
the lata Mormun projilint. raaidtul ; Uiv Nauvoti I'emjile, an nlifioB IM h; lOD 
fMt, dcnij^iwil aa tho Einnil Calhodnt nf ths Monnon atct i anJ « UMlianlw, with 
• prraictcnl and avvfral protrawin. A miliiury lindy, called itnt Nanvoo IimJibi. 
cmwiiillni; of from IUJIM) to 3000 m«ii, proprrl; alllapred, umod sod )Uaofpli>al, 
haa been otsaaiaod here. About 3000 MoniuuiB r«>id« Innoiul Ilia Imnid* bI Ae 
nlty. It U nrupoaad to coll thia placa th« City of JoMph, in hoiiMit of (fas 4»- 
cntsrd propnal. 



STATE Of MICHIGAN. 

Tua Sttitaof MiPhiganconaialaoftwu dlatlnctpvnitiaulaa- 11m 

or Miclilgfan Proper, haiTl* haiw tMlin); upon iho KlalMof Obtnutd 

iabourulvdonlhAtwstaiid n(>rth<rust by Lake l]Droii,fora4LMBa0*of 800 aaDMi 
I.ako Mlv.hitcaa i* iu wvaiem boundary fur an «iu>nt of 060 nuUa. li 
Unglh »bnut 9IM. luid In breadth, m ibe widcai pail, 190 mitw. Afoa. 3a,l>M 
■miara ml lew- 

The uuiUtum pcniiuuilii li«a north^wnal of tha southern . ... 

taehvd tii Mlchl^u, wliiln iindrr a i«triiorial |jtuv«rBni«nl, sad w» adJad pcn«- 
iwiilly t<> bet tetTitot]( whoo admitted Inta ihn Union aa a SUlo. It u boaaJn^ 
UQtIh by Lake 8a)wiior; msi by Si. Mafi:*a rirnr; auuth by Lak* Hiahigga. 
BOd anuilMrest by the MRiinuinnDIc and HODlreal tiv«>r«; lHi|[lh, fVwB sMt IB 

wvat, about 3'ja niibst bretdtb, from tfiO laStl or 40 milca) uan, *" 

mUm i ama uf tlie Stale, 06,000 ihIIm. 

TliH iiiiithrtn iwninaula ia yni but impcifocily known ; ilia MrCuM ia man tre^ 
gulii than that of Uia aoulhrrn aectiun, and ia mticih leaa muIwI fx afiiealBctaJ 
purpnw* ; bnl it it naTiriUicleaa imoorUnt on account n( lb* quwxUlaa »r fkm 

lUbvrura on tlic (hwrva of Lake Stipnrior, '['ho nbtim uf iba Utiw Ara Dinallv 

low. and hut lUtlii iuiteateil fay bayi and hitbonr* ; an>l •> ihn »r*f«Ulns wlwi 

un (ivia iliif nnrlh-wrat, and aif ivp wLlb peml fary urer ttw kka, — ' ~ 

moT» ■lurm; and ditni|«r[>'i« than aXonji tba Cnnadn ahnt*. 
'Hia CIcDMrd Kncks >ra a nui ' ' 

•outhom aboni of Liako Kupennr, 

diualui wall, 300 furl hlgb. pnuenlinit a ttnnil T>rl»[; ef romaulic pn^ivtic . . 

'ndriitHiiiina, ha*LiiK th« appatiraiiRa of fandKnp4<>, buUdlji|[a, and ratio«a nbjaaaa 
Icliwinlrd bv tha hand of man [ ntnoni; thn fiiUuT** thai aTt|»ct adnlntbtt •» 
Uv c:iklmJv Ia ruluUlv, and tb« Dvm Arrtt. Ths ta*cad» Canaina of a tuw 
iib'r.^UIi- >iraninpicctirrlnlinl ttam tlir Iwiahl nf abtiut 7ft feat, by a tliii|1a iMfi. 
ni<i III' Irike. Ilia l>nrlo Roik, nr Attfa.liaa tha apnoaraiKH of a wo*€ nf an, 
nniiiiineof on iaolsinl maw of ■nndalpno, wilti -I ^tllara, aupp^Iing 
It enlablatUTa of Mcnu^ cotpimI with anil, and (Cliinf aopfwl tn • 

growth of ipnico and pins Inn, aoiiie of which am sn at W tet tiA- 
"" " ' ■ - ' ■" Umi* of ih» CMMatnm, ad 



(, nafigUioa i 



Thn aouUiBTn pcnlnaala in gtnonHf ... 
no prrmetly ba nll«d a hill ; ita eanta b ■ ublibfai^ aUntad 10 or M KM 
■bovn ihfi Ural of thn lakoa. Aloos tfa« eaaat at Laka Hmm than tm la phaa* 
biflU blutTa : and alaiu ilio mat afaani af Labi Mkdiina an liilla of pan aiaal, 
af lioiu 50 tn ai'ifral fiuddtnl fool In hiiialii, whkh Cava bean Uawn up by iba 
almoai r_.iiialanl wnatiim wloda awtwping arM ih« laka. 



MI( illUAN. ri3 



Till ptniiituld abuiiiuN 111 riviTsi . lunit.' at tlit iii li.tvi incch t Mi i.l i.T r> ur^i', 
.iini lii.t tVw aru navitralilit tn any riiiiMiltritlil'* liisiLiitce inUiitL (iraiiii rivi r m 
thr i.ir{ri-'«t: It eiii|itii'M iiiId Lake Mirliiifiiii : lU \iiiolf r'iur*««' in uln'ui lu(i luili-ri, 
.iikI 11 irt navi}ralili« r»0 inilrif fruiii the Kikt* t<i tiic Mfiiiirt (t*T sl<^cps ami btr-iiii- 
h>>.it«>, aiul alM>Vf that |Hiiiit then- i^t ifutllrii iii vicpth ni* wairr fur lioat^i .'lO iiiilfk 
t'.irtl.i-r. Till' St. JiiHi-pliN rivt-r is a ruiiHiiitraMr >tri*aiii, ami tin|iiiis iiii" l.akv 
.Mii'liiiT.ui at thu fiouih-Uf'ilt an^U* of itii- ti rritory. It is, likf (ir.iml livL-r, navi- 
'SM*' t'<>r lar«;4' 9luo|ii ti* tin* Mpid^i, at<il abovi.' \Uvm Uah a t«lill farther »'\uiit uf 
h'l.'.t navigation. It Amwh thrfU^ii a viry fi-rtiU' nYO'ii* vall•^al«'(l by pMiiii-« 
i and hi^'h f"ri*!«U ; the eriiiiitrv uii Uiis rivrr in ni'i surpa'-std, in (n-int i i ht auiy 
.lilt! f'lftilitv. hv niiv in thr I. ni<Mi. Tiit* «<lhir C'lnsuU r,i)>I«' Ntn.iins ultirh fl.iw 
ii.tx I.tkf Mifhitr-.m an- tin* Kalamazxn, (ir.!!!!!, .Ma>ki;;iii. I'liituaUr, M.ii>i!ttir, 
.in'i \\i\ Ht-ti!4«»i. I'lio-M' uhicli tl'*iv intii Laki- Krii> an' the Ikai-m an 1 lli>r«in 
riitr< n*hi* ('lintnn i.< thi' unly r<in<*iii( rahlr nvir whn'h fiill^ into l.aki- St. 
<*i;iir. Tho Htlli'.anil H'.Kk, cr l)iiliitli*, t'lll into St. Cl.iir rivi-r. 'Hie Sattinaw, 
' n.nfini<! ni>rihu.iri!, l.iiN into Saginaw H.iv. • f Laki* IIiimm. Many • ihiT, hut 
^in.ilU r strcaiiis, f.ill inti« the same* lak»% fiui'h a^ tin: Thumlir Hav. Samlvi Aux 
Tarpi' aiil <'hi Ikuiiioh ri\i'r«i. 

\\ hiMt. Imiian r<<rii, ainI thf^ rthrr pri.M!Lrin'ns if thin sictinn -f the rninn, are 
rai<ti il f-ahilv, ami in ahuii<]anc<>. It is a ('•niiitrv hi>:lilY favour.ihli- v* ctiiiivatt'd 
L!r.l^>•-s. N'l inhtnil rmintry. ai*i*>>ri!iii£ to its .i]H\ p«')>uiati<n, anil t iri-iiin.-titi.oca, 
lia-^ a urrsitrr traiU*. A iininli*T of >irani-ho.its and lakt* vi-smU art- rnnstantly 
pUifuj in thiM trade, uhich it with Ihtr>>ii. <*hiiML;.i, (^iini and Ntw \ i>rk. 

The I'lcnate <f this r«-^ii>n. in i'<ti.M')|iii iiir • f lt^ ht ini; level and ptnin>ii1ar, 
and .iiijareiit to niirh l.ir^e h<ilif.>« ff ualir, is nnre ti inperite than riu.ld he ix* 
pi-i-tt •! fp'in Its latitude. Thi* southern ri.nu'.n n have mild u inti-rs. ami ttie Kprini; 
opi ns as t:irly as in any p:irt itf lilt (nittd Si.iU-s in the s.une latitude : the pi» 
oituMi ' f thi* iioTihi rn diviMKii suhjn tt it ti» a Canadi.ui tt mperaiure. The m inter 
r 'Mi'i.* n<'( •« I arly in Nfiiinher. an<i di>ts w>i ti riniiiate until the end "f Marrh. 

ri.t p.pulatj'n, in I •'In, was I.VJh ; in l-JiMMi|«H ; m KUi, :n,i'.:U» ; in l-Iii, 
■JIJ..'»"T. Of ;ht«w Il.'t.S!):* uere v%hite inaUs; 'J-.lii:! iln. h males ; li'XA riv 
1- i.T>! ni:d> ^ ; 'M 1 dn. fi males. Kiii[d>'\ti! m .iirrii'ultiire, .'it'i.'i'Jl ; in riinir.trre, 
T'J** : in [ti.ii.Mf.ii'turt •. ami iradi s. l>'.'(i: in navi^atii.}? the orean, 'Jl ; do. canals, 
! iki -. and rivt;*.. liiii: in ininini;. |n; in thf It arneil pri>fes'*ii n*i. iMi|. 

Tr- n- **ir.- jn l** li>. Ji>,M I rt« r^i a and imdis; l**'*,!'.*!! mat eMt'n ; !»!».ril-< 
-}iitp; -J'.O.-l'n NMine ; poultry Mas prr-ducid l»» the value id" ^•'•J.TCiU. Tin re 
w.Tf p.r-ilurtd •JjrCMi*' hushels iif wheat; I'JT.^^ntJ of harhv ; vMll.iCiT of 
.' t!s ; :« S.-J.Vi . t ry.' : 'J/JJT.Iiai* if Indian e«.rn ; n:«,"il'-J of hurk\\"l.« at : •J,lu:»,-.'o:i 
■ if p-iatius; |;l:<..^7;I p-umU of woi I ; I.IS'jy.T^I <d" »ni;ar; IIlM.^M.'i ti-ns • I h;jy ; 
7.*ir» • f hemp of ll.ix. The jiroiluelii i-f thi- il.urv uere valin d at ^JOLiirrJ ; nf ihe 
.vn-hird at ^l^./.m:.; ind of luinhtr at i?.V.»-.».:iJ.V 

The exjiorts ol Mirhi^r.m, in I^'IO, amounted to ^liVJ.*J*jn; and th** impurts to 
^Ki'-.iih*. J'apital entployi d in fi-n-iixn tr.nle ^ITT.ritH); eafdtal emphyni in the 
retail trade l^'J/.^i".'.'"*' ; eanita) employt-d in tin- lake fislu rii-4 J?***.'"'!**! 

Thi' ainounl -f hoine-niaile t-r family nrlii'liit was JS^I K{.!).'i.'i ; eapi'-il euipi«>yid 
in inaniitaetures, in l'^ 10. 93,1 1'J.'.Mit ; more than $*J.I(M),IMH) (.f which wa'^'iii- 
vr*>tid in tlourinfj, an<i oiher inilU. 

Mii-hi>r;in I iiiv»-r?*iiy, ut Ann Arhcr. ha:) depnrtinentft ff litt rati;re, vru'i.i-f, and 
tl:i' ;>rt>, and i>f law and ineilirme. It has arad*-niir hr.uu'hi s at nttr>i(. Ann 
\rhitr. Mi-nrce. Kalamazoo, While l'i>Teon. and Teruin-«« h. Marshall C^dhge, 
at Marshall, and St. Fhilip'ii rtdlei;**, near Dptmit. are res(>ertahlc in«lituti 'nH. 
These rollejTPs had, in l*»|rt. I'W s!udi nis. Ther«' w«re in the State !*.* aejdc* 
iiiiis, with 4>^ studi nls : and !)7j comni'n and pri!:..i'\ srhnoU, with 'J'.*,7Ul 
neholam. There wire ^173 whit*- periior.s, i.ver 'Jo years ^^i ago, that could nei- 
ther read n<ir wriie. 

In l'«3t) the Preahyierians had V2 rhurrhen and 19 niinistrrs; the RaptibU had 

17 chiirrhrA and II mini<*trr4; the Koinan Catholics had one hishop and IH 

I minisl4'rii; the Kpi^copatr.ins had one hishop and 1 ministers; and the .Meiho- 

diNtfl were considerably numerous. 

' 'fhe mof»t important works of internal impruveinent are the Centrul Kail-road, 



nt 



UNITED STATES. 



now runinlrlod from t>«trait tn Jnclcaon, HO mils* i Iho Soo&ora Rsilitiad i* 
completed uid in opentioa fruni Uonnia to Ailriini 36 milts. Th* Eriv and 
Kilainasuo Kitil-roiut n m oiieruion, 30 mJU*, froni ToImIii to Ailriaa. TW 
Dclraii and I'ontiao Hail-roait i* in op«ni^0D> 'J& tnilM, ffom Detrtril Ui pMtli^^ 
Other wurkB wMeh b*Vi> lT«n prajecutd tra, for tfao pKMmt, •DipMtdtd m «b«a- 



The ciiy of Deuoii, ibo capital of Mlcliipn, slwndi on iht m 
Deu«lt ritnr, which unttn Lake* Krie and st. Clair. Few placM 
Med for K oommercial oiiT. nod few tiHve a raorf sulld promba of p«ni«M«il pru»- 
parity. It in icsDlirlv laid out ntUi ih« utteu etomine aaoh a^n at rixkt 
»pf[l(!«. Tba chi«r public batl<Iintr> ar« the StalfHouw, City Hftll, a fkturhc*. 
( Imnk*. 3 mailcM-liOuios, a thMlr^. circaK, Sttw PtnitcniiuT, Counlj J*il. Gi~ 
fnrninoDI Magcsine, Melanin' Hall. Ale. Th*K an 3 fcmoio annliiwin. Hmr 
ml lii|[h Kchoola fat boysi Rod 13 puhliu tchoola. Tin MiGl>i](*ii Nata Ijbnry 
' ,in> QMKl tolnniM. Ucmil ia finely iitiHi«l for trado t the naTiniiock of ibc 
and lake aw open at>oui 8 inontha In lite ynr. 1'he airltaU ufrMMb and 
■tmni-boals la abont SIM annnatl*. and clDaranees th« aiunr. flic lotUMgM it 
llionDit. in 18(0, wu 11.433. Pop ulagon, 9103. 

Munron, on ib« river RalMn, 1!} mtln from Iti. mouth, t* a tovn ef co«iri4ar- 
■hla tradn. A ahip enal, 100 foet wide and 13 deep, conncola it with Ih* lakta; 
aUam-boata &otn Uufhla and Detrnii atop \m». FopiiUtkiii. ITOO. Ajlnii^ 
bix)"" "1' <"' ^^ latne rivor, hot 9490 inhabilania. St. Jow^'a, al the tMUlk 
of the SL Joappli's rlvor, in th» mo«I Impartfiiit umti oo tba Mat alior* ot Lak* 
Mti^liigan. Matihall, on the Kalamazoo rtvnr, and Ponltac, at Iha niMhen tami- 
■tation of llip Detroit and Pontiaf! Kitil-rnnd, urt ilirivtns lovna ia (be intariac 
Mackinaw, on Miehillimnckinan Uland, in ttic noitbnrti part of Lak* llima, wu 
Idd)) noted for its fur trade. SkuIi St. Mary (protioutired Soo St. Ma!;} it m 
the river .St. Maiy, Deaf to whpro il daw* out of I>»kn Superior) It la ike mau 
nonhom town in (ha Sttic, and lias iibont 900 lohabitants. (irou igiMnliliB nf 



STATE or MISSOURI. 



Miasotm )• bonndad nonli by lava; wai by iha WatlemorloAutTwilMfjr 
nat by lln Miaaitaippi riirr, which M-panitca it frmn liliaata, KaBtiwfcri and 
T«niiMM«< i and auuUi hy [ba .Slain of A^anaaa. lu Iraifth is abm SM milm, 
Bitd modinm braodlh U3lt, ihn anta being abiiut GB,0OCI aijuaM tula*. TIhi Mi^ 
■ittaippi rinr fomu the whole uf the coaicni. and Ui« liiaaemn ■ porthm of tba 
wmuini bouwlaty of Uia -State. Tlw WMUtrn lliia ef iha 8<aiB. aaoih of iba Hm- 
tnuri riior, ia tb» meridian wbieh pnw thiongh tb* point of JoBttin* of (b* 
KanvM and the MiMouri nv«n. 

Bvaldir* tli« ffiraX riiom MiHinippi and Mitaouil, thii SCaU ia wtiMwl hy 
albm of •tnalln main>i>oile. The liir{rat wc the UoBe, (irand. Mall, UtuHao, 
Oftaconada, M«FTiinac or Mnianrc, Biir Dlark, and St. FraAria. Tho 0«af« b • 
larycriior, ni?i|i3bla forboulB OtlO mlW. Ilrt«*a«tkpUH«B ui4 MbaB«ri,BB4 
north of the laiu-r, tbx ruiintry It nnilulitliitg aarf a|p*Mbly dt*«nUnl; whtk In 
th« amithnnal, liMwooi Iho Uif fiJsek rim and Iho Miaalaali^pi, tba wlwli tfwn. 
wilh iha eu^npUon of a narrow atrip tin lb* (lotdw of the bOM. la a low, (aaw 
dattd nioraas, farmiii){ a portion of tbo ipaal maip of «hlcb ilia principal pan 
to In tbo Slate ofArkanaaa. 

llio landa bonlcrinu nn tha Mlaaoon an van brtite. ThajT eanatol of a 
turn of blank ■llafiaJ aoil, of unknuwn depth. Ott taoadtni Iran Dir iMmka of 
land rial*, paaaing aowrtltn** gnlualljr, and aiunvUm^ ■bta|Mljri 
- - ...» - • of the Swia », 



MISSOURI. a^i 



tr»'a«»irf». Tin- laiui is fithrr fery tiTtilr c»r vitt ynoj; it in liiher l"»i:iir»i larui 
• •r rhtf. I itlii-r |<r.iirio nr harivn : 'then* ih vrry little nt' an iiitiTiniHliair «piiility. 
Th(* rliiiLitp iii remarkably semi** and tpiiip«'rati', :inil very favounible t>i health. 

MiH.Honri ifl ailiiiinthly ati.ipicil fur » uniziiii; ri.inntry. un>i Ivirije her>l< nt' raMir, 
h"rsi •*, iin>l swiiu' are raisM. ISn f, pork, t:t1l«iw, hiiies ami livi-st-i<*k cniistituti* 
int|i"ri.iiit .irtU'U's of expitft. i\>ttuii h |iri>iitire<i in the ii>>ut)i« rn p.irt I'l' tht- 
St ti*s hut n-*t 111 i'i>nsitlerahlo i^iianiilii-A ; li'ti u**'«i h mon* e\ien!<ivi-ly 'jntu ii. :iii<! 
hi-:ii;i, ^^\l^ at. Iicii-in '".'rn. and the cthtr ivreal rjrainii aru cuilivateil u nu t^urrv^'i. 

The liMti niineti n( Mi't^onri nn* estLinated tu rover an area 1 1' 3ihhi si'u ire 
nir!>-4; the ceutre of the hati ilistrirt i^iahmitTO niiU-s Hoiilh-wist iV'-tin St. I.hijih. 
Tlijs*. iiiiiiPii were wr«ii::hl hy lh»; French liHi year^ ami. In I*»lo. there w.is 
in.iile hi-n* .ih>Mit *JliK) tons "f leail. Smith ul' the lead ^e^tl>n i^ th" leiu-d ir^n 
nioimt.iin, •■m- •'!' the (.'rtatest riirioHiiieri i>f the kind in the uorld ; ii ih a nule 
hri>;id at Its haiM*. 'A niili'4 h>nc. and t'runi 3iHi t<i 150 tWt hi^h, filled uiih ini<M- 
re.iti". ..\n!" "f iruii, whii-h yulil'« H» per rent. c\' ih«" pun* nutal. .N't far di-i.im 
I"* nil' ih^r h>Hiy "i IT m ori* equally ri'-h, ralli'il the Pilut Kn'>b, a mile i*nd a half 
vki'i" ai i!ie h.i!«<-, ami .'(iHi ftrt hi^h. In this rei^i.in are likewise f >und i*':pp(r, 
y.ini*. luanL' in*-v«-. aiiii'ii'iny. enlatniiu , c-halt, Kr. 

Niinp'r'i;-* ?ih«it-fai-l.*ru 'i are i stahli!^he«l ahaii; tlie hii»h p'oky hluflTs •'■f th" Mi«.- 
Mn««i:'pi, Mhi'h ieni!er<* itie irif'thin of i»wers iinneceMsary. In«n H f.»unl in 
iiie\>iaiistiMe i|>..iiitiiiiM. and IS pretty eiten^ivi ly wri>i:^ht. foal als'> ahi'UihU 
p.irtinilarlv al>>[i>j ihe Mi*>*«'iii:n. and aluinmniK and nitruuH earth, marldi', salt- 
-pniia-^ '«ulph»Jrette«i aii«i thermal uatern, Kc„ -•n-iir. 

The populati tn 'if til- Ntait, in l-^h». ^la-* r.».-33 ; in I '••JO, riii.fjSr, ; in I-'.lO, 
1 l»».i»7l; m I**!!*, INn.T<«J; of whom fiH/Jlo were Klave*i. Of lh»} frv** popcla- 
ti'.n. IT't.ITu wi-r.- wii;!»- ir» ilej« ; l.'iM.II'* wlile females: ^--^S ridonred males; 
ii'.M r.dniiri'ii h Til lit--:. l!:i)p|oyed in aijrirulliire, l^J, ■!((**; in rf.mmen'e. *.2r>*J'J ; in 
Miiniifiet'ir* 1 and t'id> ••, llJiHi; in mining;, 7 1«: in navi'jalin!; ih»' (vean, Tfl* ; 
■i>. nvcf'*. Iikt-v :iiid <-\tiaU. I*^**.'!; in the learned prof^!l^ioll•«, I I'.fii. |)y a et n- 
>«n< taki Ti hy anth'irity >( the Statt^ in l**ll, the population was found tu hive 
HUT* a-^eil i.» .'»! I.ITiT. ■ ! wh'-ni 7<',.liH» ui-re lilavi ^. 

Thi n- %%• r»- in l-|u, I'.d'i.lS'^ hnrvi^A and nnile-* ; I33,"i7.'» neat rattle ; Sisni"* 
^hlep; l,-JTI.Ii'l swint-. Thi-re Were prodiieed. l,«'37,I*Mi hii*.hels of uiiea!; 
rii.t'o-* 1 f rvf ; I7,.'J.1'J.."»JI ••! Intiian corn; l.'i.'US of hurk wheat ; liMil of harlev ; 
•••.•J.'it.:M7 "f iitn; 7''.{.7«."» of p.iut.t«><); .'iu-J/Ji;."! pnnndA uf wool; '.»,iXi7.lM.'t o\' 
!o!vi.-i-.,; I'jl.l'Jl ofi'.?!..|i; •J7 1,'«:>3 "'f suLMr ; ll'.O'^a lorm of hay : l«»,«»IO nf 
hemp of \]\\ ; p-.ultry v i!ii« >\ at s?'J7o,iil7, Tlu- prodiietM of the d.iiry wen; valued 
atiS^liMMirj; ol iheor.-hirl. at ^•J0,»»7*' ; <•( lumber, at ie7U,3:>:». 

Ilome-made ^r ftmiiy n. iiinf.ietun*!* ainouni4*ii i>t ^I.I VJ,'t\ I ; 1* wuolli-n nianu- 
f-tri'-rit ^ pr Ml.ired arti«*h* t<i the amount if !?!.". 7.VU "J fii.'nare>» pro«lui*»d I'-U 
t -nj* o| iM'-t-iron, an<l I !• r«;»-* prnlureil ll«« inns o| har-iron ; 'Jl «meltiiii:-li-us«ii 
pfoiliiftil ."i.'jy.'i, iJi.'i p-kiiiid'* of had ; »i*> p» T*ons proiluetni *Jt'.M{(i*J hu««liiN of 
tiiMmiiioUH ro,ii ; [U\ pi ftoii-i prodnei-.i l.'J.l'in hr.^heU of salt ; in:irhinery wa* 
|ir'..}iii'»d It I'tw ammint of Slt»0, irj; -J'J'A di»tiilrrie'* produred riO'',.'tiJ"» |£a!|on!4 
"\ iik«ulleii !ipirit<i; 7 brew* rii-» prudured 37I.7O0 ijalhuM of herr; wau-'ii- and 
i-irriair»< w»re prmiuc*' ! l" the ainour.t of i?'.J7,l l*J; »'►! llouriL^r-milU protlueed 
r.*..'i(i.'l barrels 'f fl>air. and. with oth» r milN. prodiirvd ariieles to the :tm'>i:nt of 
$'.M'ai,n.'i**. The total am- out of rupit il einpl .'V' d in inanuf u'lim^^ was $*,?.7Mt, lii'i. 

The I nivt-rmiy of St. 1.. iii;* was t'-undtd in !•»•-*?♦; Kiaipt r r. lb je. at St. 
I.oiiiri. in I^IO; .St. Mary"'' *'«ilttje, at thi* liarn iis in St. tient vii vi- i-.nji.iy. in 
.-:i«»: Marion «'o|]i-jn. m V/.n-'n r.Mjnty. in l-.'U : St. fharlt -* f '■ \\* \:r, m l-.T.i; 
ai.il Mis->i;n I iiiVf r-.i'.v. .»t CilnmbM. in I-^IU; Kav*!ir <'olb*j«'. it Faviiie. i-* 
.' 1 ••» insti^mi n. In i* ■ • . Ileiji!* f<iun*)e«l bi f«.ri' l-Ii!*, ilnrf w«r»-, i!i l"-!". r.*'> 
*»i:i!ti.is. Til* ri* Wire i.i the Stale, -17 aejdeiiije.* Willi ll»J'' sii'.int-.; :unl ♦•IvJ 
e •:ii.'ii"n anii pnmary »i;:. .N, with iri,7'**' Mho!.ir.<. Tht re wi;e II.M.'»7 white 
pir-s.'ii-i rtvpr '2i> V'-ar»« ^f ;i^.- whi> eould m ither read nor writ*'. 

In l^.tf', the Mc-th'Nii!it< i:-^d .'il travellintr prtMeher*, and -iVrJ memheri* : the 
HaptihiA had 1 lorhurrh*-^. -»'• miniNterfi, and llC'J comnn:ni>-antN ; the I'rmKyt*^ ' 
riaiiM had 33 chun'hes ami 17 uiiniAter!* ; the |{oman (*atho1irM had one bishop 

.^1^ ^— 



UNITED STaTRS. 

and 30 mlokbini; tho Upiaeopiliatis bad ihtMi nitiii«iers. Thin) 
~ imbci of CumhciUnd and AwooiaM Reformnl I'rrBhyianuia. 

Sl L<nii« U Uio uonunercisl capital of MlMriurl. and Uia l4i(nl Ivwn trm if 

a MiMiiiiippi. It ii built on two bankit tlu Ant, not amcli niMd alwra Iba 
lernl of Ihd liviu, contHins two namiw Hlnwt* nmikln([ pantlxl wttb lu en 
bwl tlia atcDDil, oi higliet bank, which spirad* oai into ■ triila plain la tha 
oatiipmM tli« raal of the cily. The iipj>ei part in wU laiil uul, villi apMiMa kni 

•Tide alranU. Thi* ciiy wtw found«riii I7fi<, but ii coniiMipd lo b< an ' *- 

d«rab)a village while Iho uoumry remained in Iho handa of Ihe Spanii 

Pirnoh. It la tho emporium of ih«> tlpp^f Minenuri Bud Mlwlaalpfil, sad mam 
continue to inctcaae in iniporiancd aa the nai rcgiDna to the aavib and «Ht 
bfconio aeitlad. Tlia lend minot in iu rlirinitv , mtd iliaetiaMUuDraia i 
with iho Indian afencica, land-oBioea, &«., uaa crratea fpiod daal nT ___^ 
Tli« popul&lion U now chlpHy CotnpOMNi of Auimicaoa, ln^d«a Pfeoek. Gu»- 
'£0. Thn citj' contsina Bl ehtitchaa, n Land-OfDnn, "niuiitii. Bank, 3 1»- 
Companint, MuMurn, Maaonie Hall, 3 Orpban A^lnma, tka Sl LniM 
ilty, WMicm \ev4tmj of NaUinil Scinncna, W> ackoola. atid ■ l/a>led 
8tal«B AniCTiHl. Tho <rity is inippli«l wilii waM nuiMd bj »Umm-ooma tttn Ik* 
MiaaiKBippi lo a Tfatrinir on an otoTBtad anoinnt mound, whanra It la dial 

"* '""" pipes- A oompanjf iaalaofonnod ftir ti^tiag th* 

a Iho prii>rii>al depOt »f lb* / '■—- ■^- " 

nmit here with lUOO mini in tl 
d(apva« of a *ait amount of funi. Th" amvala of 
Btnountod lo 800 in a jrear, with a lonnaae nf lOO.iMW tnna. Pofotalten In lUO^ 
SSaS; In 1S40, 16.469 ; in 1^41, 34,141). Jeffpnon tToitad Sam' bnneka att 
on the bank of tho Miaafanipiri, 10 niilca boluw tlia rity, and eut at«oauiMriaM 
about 700 mva. 

St. c:harlca, 90 milM abnvn th<i mouth of Iho MImoutI, aod ihr aano dkaaiM 
from 81. Louia. la a ploaaaul iriIlg|>G, with 104II InbnbtlaBW. vf «h»m natijr am af 
Prrnch deaconti It cunainta of Itva aln-xta Ibal run pBialM wiiti lt>« nnr, ra 
whicli nro tmae hnndaom* building. St. Charlsa wia fOf a nomber nrymn ibc 
capilat of Iho $talD. 

JefTcrson city, on tho aonlli aid« of tint Mlmouri n<rrt, ixt 
the Stale, ia the capital of MlsBouri ; it containa ths 8tBte>Hou*a, and ■ Powko- 
liary; iU ailo i* not a forlnoaifi (otrclinn, and it baa not in ODanRjUL-aor pna- 

Ked. Populaiiou, 1 1~&. HiKher op tho ■imm an- tin tilla^M or t^nnUio, 
DnnviUf, K«jia»vill«i, l.nxin|{lon, and l.ilicny, 

Inilentodi^ru-fi, a town aoiith of Ihn Miaaouri n*«r, and m^t lh* wii m Iwbd- 

daiy ol thr Stalo, la Iho point from whoneo the tnileta lu.Rnnia Ft **i Ike (aK 

i^ota U> Orvfaa eonimenoo Ihcit nHpoobva loiinirr*. Sunh nunaben aoiM^i^M 

oollecl oa iheao eccnaioni, that llitiy oannoi be areommodatt^ wflk lotgtup ■■ 

Iha uwn, bm mwamp in iho II«lda In tho vlolnlly. Phlia fdty, an PIWafiMt, 

and Woaton on Iha Mlaaiaaippl. aborn Van l^-nvonwordi, ara duttliy 

Han'uUneuDi, 30 inil« bntow Kt l.ouia, la a amilt town, w-hieb eo ' * 

Tona ihol-watka, and avrrea aa one of the luirla of lAo lead dUliict. 

lOOT, Sl OmeilDVO ia anolbfr old Fmnoh liliam, bnill oa a liitfli aHavlal 

whioh tho riTOi ia now wnahmit away. Can* nfraninu, aiiuaiM ob 

Ihn tnliUl i>f a rich diilfirt, b Ibr depAi of tba amitbam jmn nl Iha 

i]aii.jn, 17^. New Madrid i* an Ineonal.lrrat^lo rillane, oo a h 

ink, whiob, tiko llial of 81. G«ninia?o, baa baan moaily mrtad away kj 

titor. Th«*illa|t«a!*aaiiHci*d fiomthaMrlliiiuabaaif Iflll. ** ' ' 




STATi: OK AUKAN8AS. 



AiKunaa la hnundad . 

which aapaniM >t from Ti ...,., 

lalana, and wcat by the Wentum i.r Indian Tmiiory and th*' li-inbrm 
Taxaa. Iia anuibtm lino bi tha 33' of nodh latitude ( llie nvnhm sr' 3( 



ih« north bv Mta>ouri,aaal ky Ihr Mia«iMi|ial fbat,, 
and dm Kuw of Mlaauaippt, aoatli by t^m- 



ARKANSAS. ,xr 



lriii;ili. t'rnin nt>rth to suuili, it> 'J4j iiiiit'.s, -.luil iiHiui i>r* .ulih aK. ui il'i; Hi iiriu 
IH .>J,i4ii<i s*]|uari* unit's. 

T'lf priiu'ip il riviT. hi'sii^ra ih^ MH^i-isi'jipi, ir \h*' Arkans.K. I'.** rt-nr^f \^ 
iif.irlv tliriMi;!h th<« rfiitrt* <•!' tlv Mat** Irdii ui-.sl t<i •-.i<«( ; ;iii>i it atioPM al .i.l 
tiiiH'o «ti .iiii-hnal iiavijf.Uii'n lo l.iltli' Idrk. .'iiNi mi'i's Iroiii lis in>ii(h. aiM •inm- 
Hi'-ti.i'ly t>> Tort (t(S*i<>ii. Rff-aHy II'iO iiiik'S t'.trtht r. 'I hi- tt*J\»r iiii[i«<rlaiil htrraiii!* 
.irr iii>' Uf il river, Su Fraiu'is, \\ hiir, ami \Va>liita ri\i r**. 

Tho siirrwr of iho mimiry mliihits riii!*'h varifty. In lln- riiNUm iiorii 'ii. 
al- n.; iIk* Mississippi rivrr, il ih Ii'vcI, ami •»t"ii'ii nvirl'-iwu tiy tli.i! whU- nvir. 
I:) liii' 1*1 iitral part il is ninidlaiinir :)iiil hrnki'ii, ami in i!i'- wi-hUtii «»«'li' ii it is 
tr.'.vi ->i (I )iy the (>7.ar)t M«>ni)i.iii)s, wlnrh nn- rH;i.ii:if*-l l<> adiin an al:iii.'i>' *>t' 
aN.iii v!iiiK) U^-i al»Mvo xh«* ooian. Thr oiiur (•••nsiiitr »!»!• rlrvai{«iis air tin* lilark 
Hills, ii'irlh ct'thf Arkaii»as« ami llit* Washita Mi!U. <ii th«' hrail uat«r*i il' the 
\\ a^hM.i rivi-r. Tho Kiil js nrall (jualiti'S, fri'iii tli«- iii"^t pro'liiftivi' t • the timni 
*»l» riU- ; iiiiu'h •*!' it is ol" th*- laitir <lrM''ripiiiin. It has, Iii>urvfr. a Hi.iV:i*u'nl 
ani'Miiit ot'excfliiMit laiiH ti) rniMi* it to hfroiii*- a rn-N ami p<«f<uliU!i Siatp. 

CM' l!»r pr'«l«ii'l«» ul' ATkaiis;\<, r.iiti.n is ihi* K\\y\, ; n-rn ami ^^v^^ t-p-: :t«r* 
tiirivr Wfll; vtln-at, ami t lli>r siiiaH i;rains, h:ivt> n ■ ixi n <*i.li!v:;t' il l > a i^n-.it 
f*\tiiit; pi-arlii'S an* miiark.ilily (inr ; hut appli-s iln n >t s.i4-«vfd sn ut-ll. Thi* wilii 
tVuiis, ijr.ipis, plums, \:r., art* ahiimlant. Aiiifiiij tl" rwri«»siti»'s may In- im-n- 
ti..ii»-l iIm vast ludssis I'l" M'a-sl.i-lls that an- t.ii:."-^ ii: i!itr*riM | laci s : thi-y 
an*«'Ai r a valiiahli> p'irp<>^o i>' the inlialHtaRt::. uho ol'i-i-t ami hum thi iii i't Imup. 

Tlio h'-l i'r w.iriii sprin^jn, on tlir hc-aii waiirs .•!' i\.% Washita riv«r, an- .jjii-'nu 
thi' 111 ""i iulf»rf>ljiii; ruri'»^iii» s nl' the nnintrv; thiv an* n^inarkahU' liinpi ) nml 
i»nr«', ai.J an- ustni hy thr pM-jih* wlm resort thtro T^r h« illh, lor riilinary purp..A«»H. 
i'h<y have hi'fn aiialyzt'H. aii-i lAhihit no inint-ral pr< pcriirs h* yoml cmninon 
"Pf'iii-ua'iT. TtU'ir «!Vna>y nnil>in^t«Milv n*««ul:s fri in thr n !':• ^hiii^r ni<»tntain 
h II X- •>. thi- riiiivt-iiii R«'«-« ■>!' u inn «iihI ti*piil hathin>;, ami ihi* nnv*.! ami roiiiantir 
»rri:' r .• if thf stirftiuihhr.c n '_'i'»iis. 

'i'.,»' p'pdlati'in of Arkan<>.'s in l'*30, » is .1i),3'*h ; in \hU\ '.>7..'»7I : r.f v. hn h 
r».'':::i «•■:•■ slavi««. tM' ihi' frti' popuIi!i.>n, I'J.'JII wrrv whit** inal««; .'tl.*.*««n 
\» . :'.i 1. nail-*; •Jl'« r.l 'i\Tr,\ rn.'.Io ; "Jl7 r-lour*-*! fi'snahs, Knipli>yiii in aijri- 
■•'. !:!•:"•. "M.^.'*.'! ; in ro!nm« rrr. '-15 ; in nianufa<'ti)ri «i an-i Ira^ltw, 1 !7H ; u ivi^r iiiii«j 
t.ii- .■■• M, 'Ai ilo. mm, rinain, K^'., 3L»; in thi« h..trhMl pri-f^-ssions, 3iM. 

'I'h- r»- Wfff, in l-l«>, .■|I,I7'J h -rsr-* ami niiilf*; l-'«.7'*»» niMt ratth*; lO.l.'il 
•«h<*i"p : ;iH3,««.*iS sMMir. *nn-ri" w« r^ priHlurrii, ln.'»,**7"^ bushi'ls i.f wheat; 
l.-l»".'". »■.» ««l' In-lian run: ls'.l.:,:,n <,f ...its ; •JlKt.ta^*' ..|" j.iilito^s; r.,<i-»-.ri1-J 
puuii.!- Ml" ri.".nn; IH.Pl* i-l' l.>hacr«i. Thi* oapitti « iiiployc<| in fon-i^n traJi' 
aiii i!i:'.i 1 t.. $'.M,tMHi; r4pilil in thi> ntnl Iraihs !^l.:i7'^.7lll. 

Thi- h-«fiic-ma i«» "T faniily ariiolf* inailt< in \**U\ aiii'itintKi to ♦l^Ii,7'»t>. ThiTP , 
is li..t little aiunifiim yi'l hf.siDWcJ on mannfaoturrii ; thi* r.tpiial tinployi-il in 

thrill .iHinuiill^d to tjjl 1*24.1 ti7. 

Tt;**.-*' u no iN41e£j*» in t!»n St:iU*. Thi»r# w«'r#» ^ acaih'inii's, w iih 3iH) }i|-.iii>Mits ; 
Mil i>i*ii>»4s, wiib "iiM t »i*lp<Uni. Thti prinripal r>Ii'iii>iis iiin"(i)itiati<ins an* .M(^| 
th.'.ikor^ and Uaptisi:»; ttifro aro alsu I'n'dbyU'riaiifl, Kpiitcopalidns ami K-'nian 

i *.i!"l -ill---. 

I.i"ii Kr4*V, llio ripitil tif Arkanfta%. in on tlit' ^'Uth hank «>f Arkansas rivi^r, 
an i :\'. u." In'ad of p*'r:niii'-nt slrrnn-hoat n.wiir.iti.in nn that «i'r'M:n. It is >\i\ a 
hijH hiutf. H(*vaU'ii tri>m I.>() to :!iK> fei't above thr rivrr, ami is the fir^t plai*e in 
mKk'K r«vks oi*rur ahovp its ni'Hith. It is rr^fnlarly hiiil out, nnil rontaimi a Statr*- 
M<iusi*. i^oiirt-HouRo. Jail. 5 churphm, *J bankn, a theatns an acaiicniy, a Tnilrd 
StatiK Araenal, l^nitifii Stabm hami Offirn, IVnitontiary, '2\ ston*^, )! stuani law- 
iiiil!«. atXi (lwr11in};«, ami ahmii ri<HX) inhabitant.*!. 

Helena, on the west bank of MiBsiiijiippi nvpr, rontainn a C^iirt-Housie, Jail, 
I'. S. [.and Offlrv, lOslon^a. nnd yw inhabitants. Fayttpviilerontain* a Tonrt- 
Hoiisf, Jail, a V. S. Laml l):rir4*. and about 4MI inbahitwiU. CNilurnhii, on tbe ' 
.M:->'i-si{ipi fivir, has a C'iiirt-ir»uw, Jail, 7.'» ilw< Iliii'/s, and .*i<h) mNahit mt^. 
Ark iiis.iH, on tiip north hank r>f .\rkan«as river, nn a hioti hlntf with rt.its in tbe! 
vi> iiii!v. whii'h an- iniimiti>>.i at turn's l.y ih'* Wriiti* rivi-r. rontaini a t'ourt- 

37 



*io ■ liMTED STATES, 

lIouD*. inO, about Gu dwvUiug*. and 3oO inhabiunu. TbaM >|« ika a 

poiUnt lown*. Siiwe the DpBniiift of ihc Gtmi lUfl, atii Um ia 

U«vi|p>iiou vt H*i rivHt, t]ii« ■w.-uou of the StUu hr- ' * — 



THE STATE OF IOWA. 

TiiiK Hniii Rflin]ititi<M aboilt A fouTth pari of thn hid TanlUxj oTI- 
immsdiiitnly niuit orih^ MisviMtppi rivn and norlh of ihv StsM iif MiMmui. 
\inti fin siiMt of 4S.(M)0 Rnnnrn mll«s. Th« ftoulh>DMtMn ucbna of '*' ' 
tho oiilj pail jei sritlrn, nml is a beiutiful, fortllc, hiKiltfaful leait 

itii vimhoT land nail prairie, nn>l nbonmling in iiiMJngi uitl mill-i 

llio ptineipal rWrn of long, bctMca the Mivtiirinni. wUnb rnmia ff> 

beuDdart, ue th« niu«-K*nli, Wr^r lows, Turkpy, nsiiiiekou, Wapttpinieeona 
IttiM^Mir. Iowa. Chitapin or Skonk, and Dn Moinet. 

Th» produeU of tli« soil ttr tb* *ame nt thcio of lh« Mfhhtnuiac 8(i1m! 

hnai, cOTD, ry«. onu, tiiul potntenix all ero'^ wiih irnat luxiutine*, »mi tn of 
eicrileol ((ualtty. 'I'lm mimmil roeioo uf Iowa uppDiim to b« cowmM (rilb Ibtt 
of WJMonkiit, kiid M <>qus11y ricli in maul. Tho limiU of ilic DniinRy euattlaiof 
th* I(!i4 org ua unknown, but it probnblj oaicnd* huulroli (irfuila towa(ita,Md 
lalo Ibe Stale of MliMuri : bmiJM lead ; copptti, lrui> and C4al »m kamta U 
afaoond. 

Yew poriioDi nf (lia Unttad SistM har« exeiUMl to aaeh auontlMi aa Inwa 
. . HiUiiie tnnnt ispiflljr than wij' othf r portion nf tha wmBin conkUj « iUi aotor- 
pn«bi[Bnd Indoelhou* inhaMu>nu. A diuhIjft of town tut* ban* iaiil oat, ' 
whicli annia that Bia litnated on tha MiMiaainpi, am inciraaiai^ rwrj Tm^ 

lava wia anvJi^d Into a teparale irrritorinl spvremnmt Joaa IH^ and «d aei 



eiMd t>TCnnfiTi]i«BRdDp|itOTii( March 3, )H4S, admiulng It tMu ibaL'nM 
■fa% auliiaei lo Ibc enndilion of bring approfad of or njiKtad kj Iba ) wjf la 

Ihenui culling Klrriion. Tb(i population, in IMO, waa IXillL 
tlun tm« ftnplay«d In Rxricnliura iu,4ti9; tn (ominsrc* 3.U ; ibbw 
■ml indea l(i3if i in tniniti|[41~i tn nacifcatinf Iba dcckh. rinn. and naaJaBI t 
' Ibe tmnud pnifwiaiofia 3G5. 

TbAm wtra tn Iowa, in 1640, 10.794 horai-a aivl nnkai 38,^9 Mfet ouilai 
la.SS'ttfami llH,f<9i)awiu«t pnuliry wm tiIumI attietSAO. Ilan wat« pro- 
dowl tM.I>MbDaticla uf «bm: 3T93 of t;*( l,i06Ml xflndUHaMn; MU 
nf bucAwbaal; 916.381 of mia; TSf* of baili^j^i a34,OC3 of poalOM; Q^m 

Cidaofwooli MOC of tobacco; ll.tAO of ao^i:; i;.!i&3 iom cf haj; }|3 iW 
p en tit. Tha pmdocU nf tb«< daily i**to niatA U n3,CD9; of tumfan ai 
■GO,WU: of akina and fiua at BS3,&9<, 

>Iumi!-niada nr family uianulnalurM, In ISIO, asmuniad la MSMC T^ 

ul anuMini r>f capiul mnplojod in iBanHEKIiifn waa tlfffiU. 

Tlio tJnitcntty of Icwa, ni Motint rieaanart. liaa hnm obarMnri hf tk* wnitO' 

Till li>al*lninrv, iuid«>t tba dlr*»thn of 91 imilcea ; 1 m iiiiimiiia ha*a ba«M InoM- 

poralpo. In IHlU ibcM wna in opanlion on* i/adniDy «llb 99 Madantt. Than 

wm CI oamiuvn and frlnary Mioota, wtifa 1600 achokn. 

■own (^ity, Ih* rapinl of llin Imiury. la at ili* baad nf nanfallMi m Uwa 

lar. and II) mitaa &Mn tk^ Miaaiaaippii nnpolalioa MH): Iiihhm IS*. T^ 

tpltrl kn bandannw ndiOau hajll In lb* Dorio alyla of awbil '~~ * 

Ih DuriinstoB, tba Gral capital uf low>. ia on tba 

nr, 9SQ milM ibnin St. Louui. Ilia town la rasalaily laid oat, 

nanl pnMiK huililioK* ; ibn ai.irea are niiwrnna, and Ifco boainn* la «vtv km. 

■UtrabU. I'oFiulaliun. IlIHI. Ilubuqaa ia atao on tke wrn ba4>k afiba fliaaa- 

ipi. bikI ntiurii IHi> miln iti|.'li«r op Oiatairaam llian BtultnMaai it b tba nOf 

in-inl catilUil <i< ihc minioK diatriol rj Imam, and aooaa ad* l£o liaat leail oubm 

Hit luiU'i Suiiu nro in I la tlijaiiy. Abmiw Ita clNirthM la ■ Ranwa CadM- 

ciiitirdinl ufiK-nu: Uii-rrani rarl«aapoblkMUdli^t«,aad %»amihaoftutm: 

Ibn tmitt ul' ibc taarit ia tai|ionaat aod nl««bla. pMiDlatioo, 1300. ISn, Da- 

. 111. BloomuigMi, Pen HadiHS, H«alrD««. aM Mount Plpcaint, an th* 

otJiar pnnripal tawMa 



k af Iha HtMdaoirf I 

■U oot, a*d oonk^ 



WIM'ONSIN TKUKlTokV. yJU 



\vis<:oNsi\ Ti;KKnM)Kv. j 

'riii-» l»Tril'-rv \\.t^ im'Uil iiilt^ ;i M';.;ir.ilo •jijvi-rniiu-nt iii l-.'tii, :>u<i I- r Iwu 
vi .'.tn al'ii-rvi.ir*)'* iiM'li.'ii'il li'ua \%itliiii lib limit-, li >trt ti-lns \t"ui \Ur .Mi^-in- 
Ht)<j>i ;i\ir mi itu' x^tsx i>i l..ikt< Mii-)ii^;iii kii tlit* c.ist, .in-l tr<-;uiiif ii •rtli* rii !• uii- : 
•urv i-t ilii- 1 iih II III t^i■ Ni.iii- III Itliiiv'is mi tlic noinli. Ii i*i in li-njlii rn-ar (»(Ki 
.i.iK -. :in<l t'roiii l<in in 'jiui milrs m b.LM'iili ; i->'iii.iiiiiii<i |ir«->i.t!iiy nii .iri-i of | 
liut.tiii.i •.•j't.irf mill >. A «-• ii'*i>i^ [.liiiu p'lrih n i-I ilii^ i* rrii>>ry i^s ^<>iil iiili.i:*iU'il 

•'1\ ill-.l.lll*i. 

!':.» |>riii«-i|>.il Tiv.TN iiri ilu" Mf<>i:«->i|>pi ami it-i l.'iltLilaru'*, thi^Si. <'r«'»x. C'|iij»- i 
p- w i\, \\ iM-'Hsiri, K- ••!* mi-r. \i'.; in*- Ni. L"-.:-. M>-!:tri .ij. aii>l ■•rsii-r '-'.ri .lai-. 
V. >\%iiij Mil" l..iKf .Niipt-ri'-r i Lin- Mi'iiiir'i.iMi.i** aii:i |\>\ rivi'rs <»l liri*«'ii iSiv, ainl 
^.i.ii .-^. lii s-iiiif |t.ir:- • t' :lii b-rru -ri tin > il m \* :\ i* riiU-, and |ir'>i!iirfs l.irirt* 
I't. il- •■{ till' \ariiiti*« iiriinN o>-iiiiif n t>> Itiis -•-i'li"ii • t itn' I i.inii. In \\w vumhiiv i 
• ti' I..1K Miciiii: in iln' wall r-»'<'iir-ii -. jf-niU, aiul iii.irM.* •*. .iff c--virid wiih v.ih! ■ 
r:-; , wliirli c-'UhIiIu'.is i r. i.«.i.l«f.i!>lf part "i" i:n- 1'"im1 ••( i.V lmii.ii!'«. 

\\ .-!•.. ii-iii I- ri<*li III iiiii-.i-imU : \> 4*i l- l-.jii'i in irn-at a!iuii<i.in<*«\ nr.«l nUu ■ 
•■ ; i« ; a(nl ir'iii, i'U*' If i-I p-::!- u *'*:u\^:i-i - a p- rii-'ii «"f" t:if ru'lu-il l«:iil ili-p Mts 
111 I'll- wi fill; It ixii i.ii- III iiii- • asi >ij1i' ••! tfif .Mi>s|H%ippi rrmii iln- \\ isr.-nsin . 
t» il.- UiK-k rivfr, .fill! «n tin- wi-l ii i* in.i«':N wuh iIh- Uaii n -^i n nf I »wa, I 
l.< at iiiii.iiij 1- iMrru-<i mi cxtcii-ivrly, asi m<!1 as tliat ot'citppir: ali.iut iilOOJ 
li^iit 'rii^-l \%trt' inaiii- tun' in l-«tii. i 

'I'...- p'ipula'.hri. Ill I -in, »a«s ."'U.l)t.'i; »•!' iiii's»» I'^.Tii"^ w»»ti* wiilU' niali'S ; • 
ll.:<:'J ilii. ]'*-.iiil«'?< ; l(*l wirx' r'l<v..r(«l nia!< k ; ^1 <i>«. t'iiiiali<«; rniplnyi'i in 
a ;fii iltiiri , Ti'lT; in •* •.'iiiiu rn , IT'.i ; in inaiitit'artiiri -^ nn<i iratli'!*, 1*^1 1: in • 
iiiiiiiii::. IT'.i; lit nav;jau:.<; iaki i«. ri\iT'«. i"'UfiN. \.i\. 'J'.^t : m thf Irarm-d prr>- ■ 
!• •»•-■ It". •.'I'.i. 

Ti.i r«- -Atri' i:i llir tt rnt .ry, in l-li>. .'»T3j hMr""*"* aisil niiili-^; HO.Oi'.O nral 
I- villi ; 'Mit\2 «•:!•' (•; .■!. .'!-"■ -wia* ; p"iilir\ uas rii-»«l i-i in** \ -.lui* o|' 5»l«'..hi7. 
Tl.* :•• wi rr pFi'l'**-- li '.'rj/Jhi liu-iii U ul" uliiMt ; \\*»\'t itf ryi-; ;{T".».;<.V.» if Ir:-.Mn i 
.■ rn; lii.»iM -f n: kwh..t; Il.oi.j i.f Sir.oy; lOii.-'jl I i-f jals.; ll;«.'-«»- of 
p • .1 ■• - ; »»T7T ;•■ i • I w ■ •! ; U'l/J''- .-f ■.ii-^ar. Ti.'- pr -iM. »s of rn- ■ .tiry 
v<. I :•- \ .liitil at $.'i.'*,iiT7 ; tla: antii.i.t nt Ii.imIk r pr<K!i:<'i-«l ua» :^*Jo-J.*Jl*n ; • f >Kii)!i 
..I,-: i'.r«4 :^^JI,T7»i. 

llt>:iii--iitati>' arii'-li-N animinli'il t > ^I'J.aiiT : ami ti'io capital rin]ili'yi>l in nianu- 
f.ii'l'.n- In lprKi.'»,'.*"Jil : 40 sniflliiiij-li ■•«»•<•« pr.'*lin'fil l.'i,rj'.)..l'Hi pminiiM ff Itajl. 

Ni »'-'ll" ii»' iia** l« I II I !»t.i?iii«.li«ii in V\ i«»i'mi*in : liut 'J.'t.nlU nrn ■« nf lani! havi* 
liit-n irrantti] f.r a ui.ivtr-^iu. Tl.f ! ii:l ha** birn mivant i^imhj-Iv lurati'J. 'I'lit-r*' 
\%«;*.in l-IO. tM" ai'a>'i iiih-s, uiili tij Miuiii>nln ; ami 77 r(Jiiiin«.in umi priuriry 
-•■:.■ N, Willi r«.i7 •M-lii.Iar^. 

r -fi \ViniM'!«ai«s a rinlnl Si..l. •*' trarn-'n, ^t.1nJ•4 at tin- p^rla^p iM-tttvni ihr 
\\ I* 11 -in aiM r -v ri\«r-; the w ali p» • f i:u- iwo strfaiw* litfi' apprnai'li Hot*lo>i» 
'. - I i» il ••iht-r. aiiit an- h • iji-arlv "n i it-vrl. iljal Ival"*, in \\» I '^lasmi-, havr ini-n 

m 

i' i'.' ; fr-ifn 'in'' i ' ili*- ■ tiii r. A i-anal !■» in pr«'i;ri'ss i»f r n-irui'U"ii t'^r iho piir- 
:■ ••*»• ! r. nnfUiij l.'ji!— riv.TH. In ifn' viiMiiiv nt Cifi-»ii Hav iri' Uu* tliriiuiL' 
\i'' I '. * .if (irtiii May, \a\arii<i'. .in«l Ui-pfn?. Th«* f-'rim r h.is a liiiv narl« -iir, 
.111! !-• a plai'f • f i->>n-i.ii raliji- bii-iin-sft. 

'I'll- jriix'tpal -I nil uu ni- nn !li» Mix-is^ippi, arc I'rairti' I'.a rimn, < 'a— villi, 
A»i .; '!• f>riiii r i- i'.h. ::*. livi inili - aU.vr '.hf luuulti «>f ilic W i-i'i>noiii ri\ir: il 
J- ».!<jit»4l ,'ii a I'l '. iMfi I pr.irii, aini !i.i» In • n Im-u' inli.iJ'iii •!, in —^llv l«\ Kri-nrli' 
ir'.''- '* anil llii-ir il» ^i-r n<i uit<i. half-lirniU, \i'. I "a-f. ilU i- s.um jliv.aiu'i- - ulh 
. • :!, \\ i-M-j-ii-^in riv.-r ; n>!m-ii!, Mimr.il I'lini, ami PtiifMllr art* i: \.4-i«iiH| 
.!:-.l n.ri^'4 ijst i.f II I- Mi—j—ipj I, an«l !« :\m'i.ii U aiul Laki- Mu-hi;:in: tin > ar*- 
Ni:i; i*.-.i in a ru-ii uiii.inv: ili-'ru-i. 

^!.l•{|<|■n. lli4> I- iptlal "f \\ i-i* I. •in, is siln.'.t*il bclwtv.i tin* '.l\ ami Itii l.tkt'h 
• r :^• r!iain rillnl ifn- V'n.t L.iki «. aifl "ii i hiaii«*li nf Lu K><-k rivir. It Man 
i M'i . '.'l III I-.'17. ml r 'Lt .ifut', i.. l^ln. ,»!i ,u\ 7i» \\ iu»i - ami Ii7ii inhaSil.intHi. 
T^i- i:i"nI imp -rt Mil pw'i'ii'- •■ .ii'iiii.: I- ill! i.ipiia!, .i fiii" .-^i -in r.iii,f»« S.ii'i .i\ xUf 
t-xprn^f uf till- (h ni-r.-.i (i -vi riin.i :>! : it nia> Ui* Ht-i-ii fr>iiii a m.-ianri' nf In iiiiUt> 

JO 



£30 



I'NITiED STATES. 



KTy dtrMtion. Milwaukte, on the whI tid* of l^kt Mlcfalpn, u Iha 
'unp«ruiil lowD In lli« lerriioty ; il U s place of Rnnsideimkto Undo, and kM iIb 
b«Bt hnrboui oa llin wcsl ■iil« of the Uko livtweun Uliloagv utd Gnsn B«f. 
Popukiion, ta IStS. 3600. 

I'll* iibnrigiiiG* in WiMioniin are tbo Chii<pnwa;«, MeniMiMiMes, aad 8Mek> 
biidgD IndUna I iho lattnt, rrum Now York, ara tvUitd Id Uia rtcinlijr of Qi»m 
Bay. Auiiing tli«»> irihm, ihv AnrnricBii DoanI uf Fufd|[n UlMOoa In* k mm- 
b«[ of mUticmiiiM io diSereui parts of th« tetritury. 



WESTERN OR INDIAN TBRBtTOBY. 

The ViMWta or IndUn Terrilor; is the country awign«<l by Um 
of Iho United BuIm for the future residence of the Indiuu «tM hnvi 
ftooi thaculeni pHit (if the Union. It ti ^)uut OOO intiM in >nBM b 
Mull) to tllD Mttorn, and in tl>« wratem put ahoul 3001 acrf fron M 
iinnitditttdy btfyood Aikanns. it in atKiut 330 1 but, ivcMwud oTtika 
oonhcriipartHarMUaouriikiafull GIX) milHg in b(«itdilu It noMlMni ui wcb rf 
nboul 940,000 »qiUKi mile*. 

A belt of about 900 milM of ibla tvglun, sdjoinios ArlcsMU 
fsTounbU for iptltenient : iho *aU ii gt-iurally lertllo. nod il U wuarMl by Mt- 
mrroua livtTA, uuna of wbicli. baw#vi»r, are auilabtv f*t navt|[«)t(in. Tb> eMtf 
atrfama ore lh« Hrd, Atkania*, KaeaAi, PUilc, and Mkaiannft ri*«n. IW 
oountryi In It* Gftxral c|iftntC'4i!i, ia high and undalaiingi raifaai Incl Umi 

The ntuicMifiborv i* Mlubriou*. and tbv cILniiita pitetaely (doIi aa la i 
heiag abiiui ih« NaM bb tint Inhabiiad by ilio Indiiuia to lbs mat «r Um 
aippi. It coQiaina coal, aoma lead and Iran oro, and Eoaoy a^ina aptinfi. . 
iui tnacursciuiiDji aaJu "Chv moat toriona dcfn-t u a traol ef tumfa*t Iwt Vt] 
oiui which time will nunKdy. na hna Ii«h» dpmuniitrKiad by ilia nfU [ ^u wifc i 
limboi in praiti* cjniclriu which hav« bftn aculcd ; vbata tta| ■ - - 'w 
by diminiahiug the quuulily of enwa, rondtna Uib ananal £na tm 
llin growth of wood : tlin prairira ara <uiv«i«d witli graaa, imicli i:r ttbUii t* aT 
aiiit3>lo langih for the aevtiie. Thia country will orMuce, it i* baUaraid, all Ite 
rariotiea of fiaiAi T*i^i>tl>lM, and s(ttouliur«l producia, whlab are laiacd in a» 
Sintca of thn aaina lalititde cant of thn MiaaiaaijipL 11 ia alao adMtraUy ' 
lor Iba raiaing of dnniMlio aniniaU of otery doaciipdoa. 

At tludoaoof^ yiwr 1811, tb« popnlaiioatif tba WaaWmTomlu. 

10 94,&3T In<ltana. tfai«(>>f-'urit>» vt wlium ham emi^rn^ f)<«n Uii> S«iMm tMt <d 

ibo Mianaaippi ritei. Tho ri-u>uind<'i npiwriatti lo idb«a long realifant i> Am 

ngiaa. The nuinbeia bulon)|iii|[ to eaeb cuiw a>nd ttlba (tapaetiTd y m» m («d)v««i 

im^wKKutTa tbiuh. rmidbakt -nnt*. 





In addition In ihn nborr, ihrra an al,S87 lufiua, ftf varl' 
of tliB Miaatailppt, undvr iri^ly atlpiilatiaiia to rmnTv WMt uf tkat 
of Uinm am inuin|[ pfFparaUi>na ^'r that purpoaa j 
In a firw ymra, hi- pcmiHnvMly arnlMl In llin letrlliwr ■ 

The ChiKtawa, rrrrku, and rbnrokiHia, ara ilie 
olvllluiinn of mj «f Di« fo 
wcll-frnoHl and wcll-lilln] i 

extent ■ iher ha** ulao natiTo mfihanv* and iMnliaaia, Tlwf own a* 
apiiintnir nn.l w^oilnp, and have timr «aw and friat^itb aMi rtmmnina Thtf 
hitu nd'jpln) nn imprntnl (yiii^ of KiiTvtnfliPM ; Iha Chadan and C ' 
Irnvt ■ wrl<i4-n ronatit'HH'n ; und ibr fi-nort bari- iDtradacrJ bW fcy J«I7> 



Di« fonyiina tribr*. Tlioy kaTN iFMirially foori %mmm, 
lllnl fli.fd>, aii.1 uwD hanra and eattln In a ra»Mbtw»b*» 



MISSOURI TKRRITORY. 931 



The country of the Cboctaws, or ChocuwUnd, the moat nouibrm ia this Terri- 
tory, in f»iiuat(Hl bi-twetn the Het! riTcr on the aoulh, and the lUnadian river and 
the ArkaiiHat north : it ia 330 ini1e« in Irngth, and from ^5 to 110 in breadth. It 
It divided into thrre diairicta, each of which has its chief. 

'I*he (*rvek country ia north of (*hoctawIand, and west of the Neosho, a branch 
of thr Arkanaai : it ia about two-thirda the area of Cboctawland, and extends lo 
the Wfati'rn Itoundary of the Territory. The ffOTemment ia adminiati^red by i 
Ki*nrra1 council of the nation, in accoidance with the proviaiona of a written con- 
atitution. The (*herokee country ia north and east of the Creek : the eastern 
part fxtvnda to the river Arkansas, and alao to the west boundary of the State of 
Arkanaas; thia tract ia about the same in area aa the Creek country. The 
( *hcrokeea manufacture aalt from the spring* on the Illinois and other atreams, 
and own a largv number of horsea and cattle. 

The Osagea are indiffenoua natives, and a portion of them have as yet made 
but little improvement in the arU of civilization : some of them, however, parti- 
cularly a band on the Neosho, have tolerable houses, own some cattle, and have 
begun to use the plough. 

Adjoining Uie south-west comrr of Misiouri, and extending to the Neosho, are 
the Quapaws, the united hand of Senecas and Shawanees, and the band of 
Senecas and Slohawks. Farther north, on the head-waters of the Osage river, 
are the small bands of PiankeshawH, Weas, Kaskias, and Ottawas; all of these 
have made some progress towards civilization. 

On the south bank of the Kansas river, and adjoining the State of Missouri, 
i are the Shawaiices : they are among the mrml improved of the Indian tribes. On 
the opposite side of the river are the Delawares, whose condition is similar to 
that of the Shawanees. The Kansas, an indigi>nous tribi>, inhabit both sides of 
the Kansas river : thcv live principally by the chase. The Kickapoos reside on 
the Missouri, north oi the Delaware' country*. 

The Otoea, between the Platte and the Little Nemahaw ; the Oroahas, between 
theJMatte and the MisAouri, the I'uncnhs, further north-west, and tlic Pawnees, 
on the northern side of the Platte, further west, are indigenous tribeih who retain 
their original barbarous habits of life, with little or no change. 



MISSOURI TERRITORY. 

Missorai Territory extends from north to s/^uth about 520, and from east to west 
GOO miles, and contains an area of probably 300,000 s<]uare miles; it is bounded 
on the north by the British possessions, south by the Western or Indian Territory, 
east by Iowa, and wt>st by Oregon. 

It IS a vast wilderness, thinly inhabited only by difTerent tribes of Inlitns, 
many of whom appear to have no fixed residence, but follow the migratii-nn of 
the game from place to place. 

The greater part of this region has been but partially explored. It consists of 
vast prairies, fringed along the lower courses of the rivers with patches of wood 
Isnd. A large portion of it may be likened to the great steppes ofOntr.il Asia. 
There is, however, in the most sterile parts a thin sward of grass and herbage : 
drives of huflalo, elk, and deer, range upon these vast prairies. They will, per- 
haps, at some future period, be replaced by henis of domestic cattle, and Hocks 
of shfcp, followed hj moving bands of shepherds. 

West of these plams, the Rocky Mountains rise up abruptly, presenting a steep 
front wiih frowning rocky pnxipices, and haviotf their Mitnniits coreri'd with 
(>er|N.'tual snow. The only elevation in the great plain, wtiirh stn'tcheft fnun 
th«- Missouri river to the Rocky Mountains, is the Illark Hills, a spur of the 
fi inner range, extending to the north-east about -100 miles, an<l separating the east- 
rm tributaries of the Yellow-Stone from those tliat nin westward intotlic Missouri. 

The Missouri is the principal strtMm, which, with it^ trihuuries, drains the 

whole of this region. Tlic Yelluw-Stone is the largest of its upper tributaries; 

it rises near the South Pass, and flowing generally a north-east course enters the! 

' Missouri, upwards of 3000 miles from the ocean. Those tributaries entering on I 



I 



i3E UNITED STATES. 

diB weal side of Uie Mi»ai>nlj. iX* lli« Cauiiotibiitl, Wttwrliuu, ShinMMt, 
Wita liter, ami oUicrt, 

Out knowledsF of IhiK nniKiUy U niocllj dcrit«d from Ihe tMWOBBla of Mi 
Lewis and UlarK ; in llicir jniniiiV to the i'aciba ()DWn, thtM MiUr|itlaiDi, 
ovUen pusnl Ihpii first uiuUr at Ui* Man<laBla<rna,ll>l)0inile*aboTD8LL<Mla, 
ttaiu NoTHiuber, IdOl, iinlil the foUowinK Apiil. 

Th« Gnnt PoIU of Ihn MiiBiiuii eoDsiat of 
dMi'Ml uf whlcli 1* 350 f»nl. lo ono iMlanco ttia entire bnriy rf the rnrt lUU 
in a psniDiuliniilar alioet to the dcplh of 87 feat. Th* ^lat* Whi-n Uw UiaMMri 
pMkes (rom tiio inoii&laina, cttltM ilii; Gkuh nf Ui« Rock? MnvaMina, d4a«U*« ■ 
•mponilouii work ornatnrti. Tiio river ii comprtnord )□ the vlilth nf 4JM (mt. 
beiwern p^rptmilkuliit rockt ISOO Ibft la ii»iul>i ; (or ihrcc uthM t)i«t* l» boA am 
■pot whn* > man can Anil footing Iwlweeii the uratrt iknd llie nounlMnoat f n«e|' 
pioea. About KMI miln below the great 6>ll« In Ide Mieaoatl llieni Me iiiii»i ws 
piloa tirrr)ch. 300 feel in holghi, piM«ndng tho eppnranM of an aniBcM Mil; 
ttiey are ucailT perpendicular, and the heboldjei c«n dLarern anrid die imom 
(otms vfhi«h they axhibli, ihv thapM of ruinm] cnailnand otiin nlilcfa. 

The prlTXcipal tribni nrn lite PaiTnrca and Kicnran, Blich Peel, &c. t moM W 
whom art nomiulia tnthinr luibite, tind roaui fp'En pl«M10{>lae«lnqMM 
and oilier ^ine. 

OREGON TERRITORY. 

Tiria urritor; exienila westward frani the Roekj Monnlaias to Ifea IS*Ue 
Oetan. and from 49° WiSl' tV NMatliuilo. On tl>i> nnnh a«d oa (fa «nMi u fa 
•outb B« iho *9^. ti ii liounded by Britiah Amprioa. and •ouibward et iba 49° oi 
the cat t by Miuouri Tnritnry ; aoulli by Meiiro, and wmi by lh«I*aafeOMWi 
hi* in iMinihBbuulSSO miles, niUi an BTtngn breadth nf AM); HTM ahaiKSOiMi 
•qua.rii lai)ra- 

Much of the sutface nf llie (.munlry la broken and mounlaliaaaa i dm IM wMm 
boundary It ia intmaed by thn Rocliy Mniuitain*, many nf Uib fiaki tt wUifc 
>Me MtttnateJ at from 13,000 to 18,000 fact in liifigtit. Waalwd cf Ikan muwi 
taina tha eomitry m diTidwl inlo ihfn* b«li8 or wxMlana, MpaiUid AiMn ntk 
lOlbet by nmuea at oioiinuba ruiuiinc tery nearly puslld «nai Dm alMiiM MTika 
. PmuAc Ocoin. "niefiralnin^, whicbiaahnut urtOniLlMwralwsnlariWBa^ 
HnuDlaliU. la th*nia« Mountain ian|[p, llie amiml, wbirb U IhM nlU« bitbrr 
ntl, and from SO In Itll niiUsfronithoeoaM,ia lheCasosde«< PnaldMil T 

hi|[hMi poaka ne Monut J«II«nun, Mnunt ilood, Muuni St. RvhmX 

'- Im, and Mnoni llabvr i konii- uf iheaa an fiotn 19,000 lo 1 1,000 bM im Mghi 

Tha raslot 'y'ltf betWMn thv Rocky and Iha Din* monntaiM ia Nckj. Iw^au 
ji bairan ; atutrendcnii inaaiitaiDuua aputa mviraa il in all direcflavt, aidrawiii^ 
ml liuta Uii^l groaai, nnil in ita niaai elcratnl parts anuw lips nwilY all lia 
year. Il rurelf rsina li'^re, and on dvw folia. The ■vcinul ui midJl* amiBa oa*- 
■laU, fw Ihe mmt part, of a U|[ht aindy aedl, iii tlia Talloya a ri«k allnvlaa, Md 
barrrn iin Din liillt. I'hn UiiM awtion, whiek lin* nlnns ifae rnaai, Is w«i|| a^aplad 
f(ir agriculuuni mrut jinrt* nf ii am wall Unberod wlUi fir. pinn. " 

ooplar, maple, to. Nrir Oie eimal ihe 6r" ' 

too to 380 fell in hviRhi, awl frvm Oi) to 4. _ .._ 

tnnn; nad a int MO ttFtX hlffis, 316 lisel Dnm tlio (mand 
07f<«l IncirdHofMi'np'^ur'iirwiine yaua ainrv near Atturia. Hila tpetiiianf tit* 
tnrriiory ia aliu well ndi(<inl Tit the niiaiiiit ul cniile ; tliry auluut Is fnad oo^i- 
lluii on liia )>nn>n and dmd jpTv*, wbinh La ahundanl thrmiabaM ilia yaw. 

Thn diniBie rni Iho ir>iui a( the Pai^llc 1* b*1iir>nl tii b« Bii)d«r tha* am thr 
aani« panllrlt of latliudf oa ih» Ailantio. When Lawia *^ ClaA kA ikw 
eauiilry ill Maich, Ihe prniiiea wvn In btnamm, ud dia rarwatdnaa of iW M» 
aun wcmi to hare eoTteapimdnd with that of Noftb Ciuollna al tbt now pari i J 

The chUf T^rera of Or*K«n u» tbe CidunUa nod iia bnneb*. TU* iMkk 



()ia:GnN TKKKlTtHCY. *J33 

hir«.itii h'.i» Its h«*fiil \a;iti'r!t iM'ar iIkim* of th«* Mio^iuun. ami riillirus lU tritmii' tor i 
a M iilf rxtinC aU'iiir tin* wfhti'rn liiviihuir riili;!-!* ot Uii> Km^kv Moiint.iiiist ; its^ 
|>riiit'i|i.il iribiit;irit'<« .in* LrMiH* or >«iiptnt, Chirk's I'f FLiilifai!, Kuntanic vt Flat-j 

■ ■••u, nk'>hit! ill, Jukiii I).iy*M, t'hiiUfl <<r F.ill«, ariil Will.timltf riviTH : th** %alli y i 

• •I' til** lani Ct'iiiaiii.H piriiaps th«- UvtX laiul in Orff*(;oi>. am! |ir«H)ii('i-4 uhtat <t'tht- 
!ir<«i ■{iialiiy : iL hait, \*t noiiu' tin><< pa-^t. aUricttM tkir iMttcv of f>iui«rraiib<. Tht* 
( '••iiiiiitii.'i 1^ iiaviirahU* t'n'iii thi- t'alU wlic-rf it iirfaks throuirh tht- rasiMilf raniri' 

• >r ii><iunUiniH !•• till* 4NNMII, fur vi'Hsrls drawin'' I'J (vvx waU-r, at Ms luwfst Ktiii^t. 
ih'iiiirli It !•• i'ljMlrurU'il fty iiuiihtuis «ai)il-har<i. Tin rivi-r inrnaM s in wKitli. 
i!i lilt' last twiiity miU's df iia rniir*M-, anil, whvn* it rntrrs tlit* ori an, in n* timi inilpH. 
\ -.iiid.li.ir I'XliMniH friiiii l*i'ii>t AJanis to rapt* I)iKa|>p<<iiitiiii-Mt. uhirlt n-mler^ 

iw ciitrancc «»fU'M il.iiiv«»*nMi««. In ilio y»'ar 1*«II, iIm- I . N. slu'-n if war IVa- 
1" '«k, iM'l-rijiu;; t> i!i»' I'Xi'lt'niij i xpi'i!iti>n, wan wri'«k»«! Uvw. I'Ue salmon of 
i!it< t'lilunihia an<! ii-i lril>utarit<«. of winrh iIuti' arr Krvi-r.il varirtif!*, arc vitv 
I'll. I ; tilt y V •nsiitiiti- a tir*;<- pi>rii mi of il.i* fm! i-i tin nalivtr). 

'I'hi* only ftlii r rivi-r "t'any n«"ir is Kraz* r*«*, -t 'rarrtiti'liiH- 'lV?*«ir, wliirli fltiw* 
ffMi lUf K»«'ky .M"Uii:iuis ini<« ilif (iult" i.f tit*- r-jia. It ha-* a i'«.'iir'«t.' nf abi-ul 
T«»»i iiiili-.^. Its i'hi> f tn'Mit.irii'o art' Tl.'!iip»«in's ami Sinrui's rivi-rs ; nn ilii'so 
•»'.r»Mi!i'* till* llu-Ui-n's n.iy •'••iiip.uiy lia* st-vrr il trailiiii;-hi'i;«iis »r I'ris, Smiili 

• •I lilt' CcliiitiliM art- ttti- ( nipi{i:a .imi Klanift rivi r-, which flow into the i'ai'ifu* 
t>i->aii ; (h> latti r h-i** :• I'l'i.fHf •>! ali'-<iit .3(Hi luih^. 

tM' thi* likf < 111 (>ri L' n. th su i-onrnM'tnl Miih thn ('"Innihia ris'i r. ami ils 
hr ini'l.i •*, art* tin- Kiaihi.Ki, Kii]!t:spi'liii. I'lalhow, ami Ok'-na'j.in. Tin* ]«rin-' 
I i;mi iif ihi"»f whirh niiitf wi;h Trazfr':! rivi-r ar»' Sliiarl'8, Qi.aw, St. Fr.iiir .js, 
i2,:i'»m'l!N, Kaiiilii"p'». .»!.•! Snii*li\%ap. 

Th" pnm'ipal i<«!aiiti^ .'.r«' V.ii:i*«ni\t'r'H.an 1 \V;isliin;ytiin. -T Qim'» n ni.irl-'ll'N. 
Tin- \ runr in a lur:*"' i-^laii'l, hnrnj mv.r .'{»mi njs|f«* in lin'^th, an-l fr-m |0 t^' 7.'i 
i.i.'.t - wi.'.r; It i-* s»'}"arai»Ml, mi tin- sMilh, |iy tli»* Str.ul iif Jr..ui -h' ^ i.ra ; an>i.on 
ilif \vi-.i, hy thf (iulf <if (MM.ri;ia. rr-ni ihr xiraitN hi (' 'rt -iii«iilh»iif-«) \> il.c 
II- r'.hi-.'ii I'Vlrtiiiiiv i-f thi- ti rrii>>rv, thi' rty.\'*\ i<» ini'.tiitt'd with iiii.i'.:iitra!i'i - •>} " 
.in<i ihUt^, \%hii*h f' rm a iinliitwilr of Hni.ill i-^lamU. 

M.tiiV p-irts if t It« .: 'ii ar»w»ll aiiaiiinl for atzrictihiir.i] purp-^is. Ai -..j; i 

■ •f itii- ir.ulin;; i Ni.iliii^him ulrt nl thr lluiU.»ii\s Kay < '•'iii|iaii\. « \li ii*«iv< firiti- 
ar»* III Hin-ci *.^ri.l (iprra'.! n. \t F"rij» \ am'i'U\i'r. <'«»!vrl» . ami Nis«j;:.i:iy. ^•h^•.•!, 
Nir'.fV. aiiii pMtat.»«"« «f « xri-llt'iit •{iiality :ir«' nii-inl m afuinilam'f. 'I'hi- f..r!ii a* 
\ Mi*' livtr i"* '.* inili'H •^i|iiari' : th* r** arr hi p* ;?iHiii hi ail of cai:lr, 'J.'H-ti sh*** \\ ainl 
:>i>ii !r ! mart ^: Inn r iWh :<ri' iiiilki«l 'laiiy* 

Til'* i*«a«»:4 i-f <»ri j«'n Trfit-'ry wi-n- tirsi i\|l «rt'l hy lin* S|i •i.iari!«i. uh", 

I. .»fv. r. ili'l n»t pi'iii :r.jtf inti ih»" inltri"r. I:i IT'.*-, *' ijiiiin tir.iy. « I !l.» nhlp 
t'i>li.:ii!iia, at Host ^n, * ntt'r»'«l th»' jrn-at ru'i r • f i/U'. n-.ri"" : :«i.'t, I'r- ni him, it 
n ■•« ivfil thi" naiiir* of his *liip. Tho ri-h fir.il»*'l n.i\ir.il r. C.ij'i-.r.n \"am*.i'.i\'rr, 
\* 11 tluii it .\-»"lki S -uml, aii'l Ihi- i!isro\-i'ry h» in-^ v« r\ frankly ..!.•! lMrlm,."ti Iv 
"• ■imnuiiii* it» •! t-» hini, hi- mhi nnf nf his priiu'tj .\\ j-tlin ?-• l • fX.'.iiiir •• ?li*' rl.-.;ini 1. 
.ti.i. in hi< (.arraiivi'. ailiiiiu thi> I'art : thus pl.innL' ihf ri'jri't ■ ( ) n -r t!t>r"\i ry in 
:iif Iiiiifil Si.it<-. hi-y-'inl ili'ipiii**, on Itritish fviih-iiri-. Ii. l^i'Ti >!• «.sr'.. I.fwii 

II. i <'lark wt-rt- iM-ril "iit hy th«; Cnited StaifH u«'Vi rn:r.» ni. f r tfn- txpri •"» pur- 
• HI- i.f iA]«h»rifiir this roiiiitry. 'I'h«y naTJijatf'd th*- Mi>* 'uri i- its <'nii*»-, an^l 
: s-inir Ih** It«ii-k> Miiiintaiiis, ih-Mvniliii the t'oh.tnhi.i ri\' r i-i iln- Parifir, 

i Np'iil il-.p \iii!:#r « n it»i sh"f»-i« ; thoy rt-t'irnfl hy t'l*- «» iin^ riM r t « ih*- ii.i'iin- 
! : s. ariil iiii')«ti>l thi- rx.ict II. f< rnint!"n that Wf h i\i' < f !hi r< i.i.:rv i*: fr-in il-.i m. 

I • this ri'mnn, ihrfi l""ri'. tin- \ hitfij Nl ilis hav.- ai ,i:j.'i«I .lu ::i\>\- ■.! u [ u\\v 
'*', '!.«■ I'iisciviry I'f tin- prii.i'ipal rivrr, an-l hy an !iil»:i' r » xt-l-iriii •n. as wt II ;:s 
■ V *. •• Ifiii-iaiia ir«*aiy. It is. K-'Wi %tr. i'"nti«i!i il hy IJri.it llnlain. wtt'o-lnins. 
■■ '. '. :t th»- litlo IS in 1,1.', hut ih.it ihf nt'i-n i«» «:r..i|{irij'ri i!i 1. an«l •■pt-n i • thi* 
. .'-.l • ■■ri»-r. Ilv a runvi-nti'-n riMi«'lm!fi| m I"!"*, t»» i:*."»t I- Vrars, it \\.:« a jri'ril 
!•' iwt't .1 t!iH (nitiMl Slates ami Cir>ai Hritain. that mithi r ir ivrrr.'.m iit Hh-iuhl 
i;«..»' p. H.t>s*.iiin of it, or • iiMipy it, i-* thi» rxrlnsi.in of ili-- Mthi r. ilurinj \)i*' pe- 
ri' t "f iVf r"n%vnti'«n. w hir.h titht-r party rnijrhl n n'"'iini**- up. n ifivmu twelve 
■'i«n.ih«.* II tire. In l?»*JT ihi«» eonvi-ntiun was renew vil imht'iiiiii ly, or to r« so al: 
" ■■ ■ j'!i"«i • I the O'litrai'iiii^ p.iriu ?*. 



234 UNITED STATES. 



Several utU'inpts were made, by different individuals from the United States, 
to settle in this territory. In IH08 tiio Missouri Fur Company established a 
tradin^-housn on Lewis s rivrr, the first ever formed on any of the waters of the 
Columbia, in IK 10 thr Pacific Fur (*ompuny, under John J. Astor, of New York, 
was formed; and in IHll Astori.i was established at the mouth of Columbia 
river. In consc(|urncc of tin* exposure of this post, by tho last war with Great ' 
Britain, it was sold to the Hudson Bay Company; but was restored to its origi- 
nal proprietors, by order of the British government, at the close of the war, a;rrt*e- 
ably to the first articles of the treaty of Cihent. Witliin the last few years, many 
cminfrants from the l- nited States have taken up their residence in this region. 

Oretron city, a town of '200 or 300 inhabitants, chicHy Americans, is laid < ui 
at the Falls of Willamette; it contains already several stores and mills, and it 
is proposed to construct a canal around the Falls. A government and legislature- 
have been organized by the settlers in the vicinity, and suitable measures adoptcni 
for a permanent settlement. 

The question of settling Oregon Territory, and organizing a government \\'T 
the security of the inhabiiants, has been more than once debate<l in con(!re^<(. ' 
Were such settlement authorized, and rendered secure by the requisite niilit;ir\ 
I establishments, there can be no doubt that it would iiuini*diately ref*t-ivi* larirt 
accessions of settlers; and in the Sessions of lb-It, *iri, a bill passed the |{oi:*r 
I of Kepresentalives for that purpose ; but further action in the matter was deferr^ <i. 
j until the twelve months* notice of an intention to take possession of the tirrit r} 
< is given to Great Britain, accord ini; to the terms of the treaty. 
I On the roast of this inrritory. north of Columbia river, are the countries, den'^-nu- 
1 nateil by British navigators, New (ieorgia and New Hanover; and immediately 
' north of the northern head-waters of the Columbia, and west of the Kocky Moui;- 
I tains, is New ("aledonia; the climate of which is severe in winter, and hot in 
i summer. The soil is poor, but the fur-bearing animals are iiumcrous. 
i On Frazer's river are the Takali or Carriers, and the Atnahs (ir Soushwa;*)k 
' On the Columbia, and its tributaries, are the Kootanies, Flatheads, Wallawallas. 
' Nezperocs, Shtishones or Sii:ikes, and Boonarks. Along the coast, and in i'.s 
vicinity, are the (.Malaiiis, Chiekclees, Nisquallis, Cowlitz, Chinnook, Cal'a- 
■ puyn, rni]U{ua, Klainei. and Shaste Indians. The rest of the population con- 
, sists of American emiuraiits, perh ips ;2jOO or 3000 in number; Canadian and 
: half-breeds HM or I0(K), bi-sidi s the oflicers and servants of the Hudson's Bay 
Company. The Indians in the territory are estimated at from 20,000 to -lO.Ouit. 
in number. 

On Frazer's rivtr, and it- tribut.irit «, are Forts I/an<!lev, Thompson, Alr\;«n- 

dria, and CIeor«;e; and tlu re ;ire others in ditVerent parts of^ the country. At Fi-n 

j Vancouver, on the Columbia, then- is a villat:e of 300 or '100 inhabiuints; these 

j comprise the labourers and servants attached to the fort, \%ith their Indian ui%>« 

and ^hlveH. From this place a din-et trade is carried on with the SaihlMicti 

' Islands and (ireat Britain, whieii employs severdl ve^iseU. A small steam-bo4t 

- plies on the river and :ilonif the c u^t. hctwei n the ditVerenl trading poMs. 

j 'I'he first eini'/ralion from the Atianiie States, fur the pur|)ORe of occupying ai.\ 

I part iif Ore;riiM Territory, was maile in Im3*J ; since that perioii, the numU*r <'i 

aiinual emigrant-, has eonsideralily increased. The exploration of the South Tas-*, 

by I-ieult nai:t Freiiiont. of the I'. S. army, has rendered the business of cro)^iiin«; 

the neiuntains coinparatively safe and i .isy. This pass is in 4<i- 'MY north Kill- 

I tude, at tlir In ad of the Sweet \V:itir hfiinch of IM.itlo river; it is of smooth and 

easy a>e»'iit and di-^eini, aiul ean he tr.;velled in wairtuis without any dllTlculty. 

Knn;!raiils |'i..ju the I'lnti'il Si.tte< !»i n« r.illy uiiiii- i>*T the sake of mutual satVtv 

a^aiii-i the linh.iiiS, in ritii.sidi r.ihh p;triifs, \\ itii h«T^< .s and liirlit wauons; th''V 

pr'i « • i! tr-iii Iiiiii jMi.thi.iT, or n« iin- otiu r i«'\\ii in \\i si» rn Mi>!touri, in a n«'rtii- 

ui 't» ro t:ir« eiiMii, J-, tip- I'Liit*- or Whr.iik i rivi r. as.Tiidini» that Ktn*am by »t» 

n. ry\ iT-imh .lo ! I'm" Swi i i W-.it' r riv« r. Tliey er.-^N ij.,- niountains by the South 

, 1*.!--. ! • I.I \M^*> nv. r; ihi-e.ei- tiry pr<H'e«d t • Fort Waliawalla ; then dotunthe 

hiriL** f till- C i.iiilii.i III W iil.j!ui tie. The defiance fr-ni Independence i< b«*- 

tui-o ITod ;vii,| I -oil iiiii.s, ami may be accomplislit d. by UKHlerate Iravelhn**. 

in !■• .01 I- «r 'Jii \«i I k>. 



'lEXAS. 






- II 

STATK OF TKXAS. \ 

Till! ].i!o Ki |u:Mic of Tixa> fmnnl, Ip-iii ili" vr/.r l-^.'M iinii! 1^13, an imliprn- j 
•?• u! Si.i!*'; luii It is now iinnfXtil lo the rm'tui ^i.ii»'s. I'rr^ioua to ilu- Iir^l 
II.' ii'.i u»- i |M uh\, it r'iii|»rist'.l ;iii ihti-^r.il jmtU.h •«!" M«Aii*'s ;iiiil tonntd, in f-n- ' 
J ;i,."i n with <* 'iLihiiil.!. •in»" ».!' thf Sl.il«^!« jI* lli.il r-iiUilrr.n'y. Tn th** |«»- |'1«' I'l 
i.i I 11. :• .1 Si:il» s, thi' jiriiun-.-* ni" tliis nifaiit njMil.hf w.ir. nlu:iy.*< ii;itTi'Stiii<», imiu 
:..■ iimiuiHt.tnotH all* nilii.*^' its stru^^le uiih xiit- |i;irrnl Slili*, it"* ronti^uii) l.> 
:.r I'un ttrriitiry, '.iml at.«u un arrnunt of AngI HAiin-rioans furinini! ihu bulk lA it^ 
{> :> .ljti>*iu 

It t \ti n(!K north ;«ul ^i-mh (vin the Aik;in>ia<( :in<l Uiii rivorH tn the (Julf <! 
^^ \n--.> ; ;in<i vm*1 aiu\ wrst !"ri«m Uir Suhiin- ti> ih<' Ui«' lU 1 N-'rit-; .ina 3'jr»,0lMi 

- , . Iff Ttiih «i, ir .ihoi.l *«\rn tnm-H thr "iirf.iiM' •«!" INim'^yi^.iiii.i. 

'!'« \ >> jiK^oiooHt s :i s. il i.f ^r^.ll It rtilify. ar.il a n< '-jr.ii'hii .il jw siiim Ui^hly 
I .V ■;: i!il»- I" •■ •.•urinri-i.il inliTi'-Mirsr with lin- I i.ilnl .**l ilt *, an will .»s with ollj« r 
; ■.'i> ■••till w-rltl. Tin- •»• .i-f.-asi is loo iiii'i-* m Ifiiiiiii, .:iul all nl-. hy im .in" 

It !!'. i.-.jMji r-iiis riv« r-.. < "iiimiinu* tii««n at a ii'iinht r ci' |) :i.i*»\\iili li.» (lull «l 
^1« \.<' ■. 'i'lif la I ihf ••■••••i.lrv i-J tr, ij, r.'liy 1> vil, ai.i! a j;r» -it |" rTiun ut it. 

. I* 1. .I-.N -f i:ii:ii» i5^» prairii >. tin- *: -il of u hu*h i* a ili ip \<\. rk iin'r.l»l. iiiixt •! w itii 
* II..1 ; itit S'!t«-iii 1 ii.'!«j • n III iny nf th«' riviTn :•.:•• -t" a ri«*h i- •! t»\:i»r«-, .f ;:r«at 
•!• j'th." ::n I u.!l tiru?« r» •! with i*"tt-Mi-W"<il. walr.'.l. rnl.ir. A.r. M' >l >'l llit- ^ 

j ;»r ■!'.;i*li-'[i'» • ! tr- j-i' .il i*!ii»i. ;•.«••« nr-'u lnTf in lin at j" itt I'li'-n. anil ihi* r- ti'-n i^ 

; • I'.al X" till r.iii'nt |«r-««!i.i'».! m irii- I luinl Ni.ifi-^ : i: i- nifur |ir« ili:rts ar»- su;iar, 
: ■ ■.■■•••■. rii'i . ir.«!i;' ». w !.• .it. Kr. TIhh rt 'ji-n i » « i-.i* « \ ihr ni.->t -•,. rk r- i:i irifs 
.:i :ln w-rl«'. : r.-.l'li- a:" rai-* I in ijnMl alMii.»!aiiT, ai;«l with Im.i iiuir tri i:'il»'p l 

I 'I'lii V ■ :nlrv a! -i -.^ l^i- r«M-l i«« '.'W, hnt Irri- iVoui hwaiuj'S. .iiit! r'.;i.|i.'M •! of | 
: ! .jraMt' pr ii.'i' . ii ii r-j** r«»t •! « iih w« ll-\\ «■• ilni rivi r Im.Uhhj!*, ai>il lint- y -. -turr 
I III :-. I'l.iil !:.' 1 •.'• I iLi'T 111' n*. ff'-ni il»»' I [iiini .^taii -. tin** m rtn-n wa> I ll«d i 
■.*!"i iMinii ii">- lirv'-* «.f nn>t.vi;i:-», nr \%ili! |i.'r<i -, .iii«l wiM ra'.iN-; l»i;t tlnirj 
I : I'-t-rn .ir.- ii..\\ I'. ii«.|.ii r'ii'lv h >-« rail. In 1; r m !:i!.-\%»>l, ihi- i> iivMy i" « ■'• i 
". ■•••I. Ill :!;:.■ tM\i •••»■! hy a r .r.i>i' *( iii'Mjiitaih^, i Mi ui',iiit_» ni.ril.wan! Ir-i.i !lu 
•• A xv-.^rsi! li .• Nii!<'i -:. aiiii \\( xtwarii «1 tl-i- -ja:r'*i ■» «f llii: Hr. »/.■», I i-l":.!"'!!', i 

' .V •. T" tlir \\«-.t ami I "Tth ari- \a^l prairii >, in which ininii n^c U* riU crhull iln j 

- ;:iv tlj«- ni'-uni* 1 I '••niaivrh- •• wiiii ahumi.int i- of Lrainr. In the nurlh-l•:l^t, ihi? | 
•• ■ .r.Try ix in r* 'iiii'.! itiiiLi aii*! h»'!i» r w.mi!i'iI. 

*r:i'" I'.ini i:i- -t '!'■ xa^ i** null . mi a^jmahU'; af.«!, as lln* c« nntry i*' fm iV -ni 
-'.\ !'i.|->. an 1 ::;•• v\« .iiil tra«*!* ••ri- ijijil»* njuii ai.<l i!i-*tilnl»' I'f uihIitw- • «l, i* ' 
.;. ■:. Ill .•!!lit",.i f. ;ri III'- 1- rn *;• mlin-i »«ii'ti"iis . ; tin- rni'iii St:»ti'*4. Tl!*- -• .ih.-u*; 
.". •.««■; »}.• "rv. I'r :u \: nl I • St j.'iinhi r ; an 1 li.r wi T, w hn'h pn'\.!i.> «.ii.iiii» 
:) •• r«'ii . lil.t- \«ar : ::.•• r. !ii i^ ? r»t'v m virv I r a ^}n■rl t'.int m Divi nih« r .siui 
.1. I i.!r\. 

Thf nviT" ar«" ni.iiii : i>, Im! n'-t'*- .jrr nf iniirh ifiij'"rt inrr fornaviijali' n. 1m inii 

:i 111'* ilrv !•» •■•^■■n ■ \tr« • .liy I-^v. .in«i liii.'inir tht- !!••. «is a i;ii.il lit al in.|ui!- il with . 

' '^m'l: tiinlii r. 'I'f • li: •!■ I %•'♦.•-. w huh fi-rn:- ll.t- wt «.l» rn I" unilary ««!'ri •..i«, , 

. '.M lar«:»"t r!\'r; i: i i*. i r.a.r-i" f fr-»in I.'h'O t'» l-i"» u ili-« ; it is nn 'h nii 

■ •• .: ti\ r.'i-: I*. ;.n.'. r ui l-i- fi-pi* •• in m arly all i-.-.r'- • f ii^ r.«nr«J«-, i-xci ]■: f j a 

I •i-*:i.«-i' • f .t!i .lit ■.I'll mr.i > fr-ni its nn nth. Tin- .^al iii . Nu'ln-*, ami 'I'm ni.nl » 

■ ;s;i'-, an* r» -{•• rtiv»l\ ."l.'iit, I5'Mt. ;in| jhi milt )< m !■ iii»t'.; : il,i v art* all na\i.'. :Mi- 
t ■ .1 I • ri'.in rxtfi't 1^1. nil.' .i part « f tl,«- \i-.»r. Tin ri\ir Ilr.r/.' s 'i< r-.iiMi'.i f'.: th*- 
' I '•: Mi^iifaMf strr.iiu :i, 'IVx.!- . visSiiis lirawis.i; >»x f i « l w '.trf ran a-r» inl r !■• 
I5m/ r\.\i ai.il "••i'.-.ni-"'» .r.- <I ii-j*.: ilraii-jlit t- Nan I'l ".pi- •!•■ Ai.'*lin, '.'O n.sli.- 
■!.'lir. 'J*l.'' Ki • (' 1 ■: .'!■» n-» s Hi till Li.'h | rairi' s . ■.-: ■ f il.i- I'lif-rru ii.ir; 
. <:. .il't-r a «• • .:«.• f .'»iui niiii-. i" ws iitt>i M.-.'.ijr'a l<.»y. .V" v.i TJ n.i!«^ 

i .•■' V.' IS III .ij!», till- iiui;:.:'.; 11 i^ .hstrijiii i h;, .i r.sit ■■!' a ni:li- in » xn ni i ''- 
•, ti i t!i:«i !i "lit M s-i ! . I...IV .isi-i ii'i i: •.'•»«• luili "•. Tin- !..» Kara. lii.aila'.iMi . ^* -n 

j \i ! Ill", ami ii%i r N ..• i« s. .in* iif n «r It >'• i.a\i;.MMf p. .it it ihi- \» ar ; tin y ar«*. 

. . -.vi vi r. hut iiLj *:(• »'.:y ki."W n. 

I "l'"'u' pnn-ij'il l«-wi ^ .ir* <i.i!v««-l' n, IIwi>ti r*. Ilfvir, C;.'Im«i. Narn.j.ifMhi -.ami 
\-.«.:in: iht !.:lti r wm-* »■ mii \i.:r- .i'.»-« laiil ■ i.t ..s th*' •• tp-i.-.l ; it is on tt;f l'i.l«>- 

3*1 



UNITKO BTATEa 

, %90 mil«a ffom iiB mnuUi. GalrMlon, on tha ialand of tb« 
tb* ohiuf CDSimcroi»l lowot iu imla with Sva Oriniia, mhI 
noiuln tlia UdI^ 9tai«4,u Blmmly «OQ»td«t»blfi. 'i'lia ynimUtlnnrf tiaW w ii wi 
U »boat Sinilf. Iloiuloa baa lOUt'. Santa Fc, with fiOtll) lAAbilanU. U die etuaT 
lotrn in Ne>i- Mfiiuu; It !• within tin WuihIb uituinnl \ij ikv aUtlionUM of 
T«xitBi tiuitbuUUorbnfiuot Jul BCiiDlrnd powtuinnof ih>l|iant>rtli« niubtn. 
Tho loWD U tlie nwul of bunteniui uierchiiiiU ftoio thi iviutcni paita or ibd 
Itnllnl Sul^a, who traiicport bikkIr IhiUinr ftviroos th« prainn, f<>T iJm> MipfilT of 
tliti rvffioiw on ihu Uppi-r Del Norte. WuliinfttiU], a miiill lo«n dd tlie ietX 
titlB orihaQtasos, has befin (be tome time |imi the actual ojilMl utTf — 

Prariou* to iMitl, tho oal/ filoe*! oecn^d byawhitD popaUlinn 
Spkniih poDta nt San AiiUiiiio Uv BesiUi Balila. or Uallad, >ml Itaeogdiwfaaai 
cainprUiiijfinnll about .lOM inhabiisnu. Koon \Ciet iliai UMr. nnaiwni 
made loMtnbli«b hero tba tndepeniloiic repablie or Frodonia ; bat dm Mi 
caiutltulivii atuchtd tba tumuity ta tb« prurluce of Cnsbukia, fuming <f 4it 
uniwil prorincM a Slate, faoatini: ibo rnimc* of both. Id ea«iMi]u«Ba oiT (to Mt 
eouRkg0ni«iit held out lo aeul«n, tboca ufint a Ereai Inaiis of nmjjpvMs tnM tt< 
(crriioi^ fiom tho Unit«d Sut«a, laaiiT <if whom carrlod wiik Uinca ttantr a Uw wt 
In IS33, the pixnibof Tcxu ftinnvd far ibcmadrea a aeparatoNlawtnnMilar' — 
aoil «nd«ATourM to nbiain ttom ilio Mrxicao CongiMa an HilBiUaloti hiui iha 
f<»daracjr di an indDprndctit Sutn. Thia being rvfoacdi n atala vf ifaliitt««B 
wbtch mulwJ lu aa apficil to a/ms. T«xu wu loTadsd b)- a U««t«a« «B]t, 
beaded by Sanu Aoua, tho Pmidaiit, in poraoo. At linn Uw PTWwMwuit 
tmmnricat tiiueriorllv of tho InTudeni g»rt tlirni MOit» admuaim, wU«h MlhlJ 
■libit arrrawV -■ ■■ ■ 



them to rxbihit a rvniiirkBbla ferocity toward* tlielt , , .. 

of wlium weru nrnMatirsd In cold blood. Uutthi* wu Kkid nrnraaii aad ■lllw 
baiiln ofSui Juelaio tho Mviieans were uiturt; rnuiad, and dialf PrwMaM wm 
lakan priaonra bf tho Texana. In Maroh, IdStt, tlia poapU of Tolas doelamt 
lhem«olv«» iudopvudeut, and liaru itinr« lliai tinB (c>nn«l a conMltatuJn aial 
gon>mniont,nndelect(<d a ehiefmngiairaiAiioffethuwith all th" rnfiual ' 
and appoinuiunta of d nonrcljn aol indepcndsnl pownr. in IV41 an _. . 
of DpumrdS of 300 Qifn, aeni frum Ten* lu fiania Fi, n>* eaptaiad by 
Mexii^«na. Thu T«xaiia aaf (hat the Mpndi^ou waa niei*!^ B—iiBi r i«l, 
Ibftt tlie anoUDt of marcbandioe ukco vraa very large. Tka laoi MBf '~ 
liowiKKr, win all fnlly armoJ, and had one piece urcatuwa i lb UttUa 
in thDit awQUDle. Ihai Ibo ubj«ct wa* to produce a nrojatkn tR itw Murinj 
ptoTincea near Santa To. 



True wn an inUvrsl. and not Ulc* tb* Untied SlaHa, ■ bdttal mMbfis. IW 

preaitUni wat elmM for Ihiee ynn, and wae not afiia cUsiUa M a aMtaa 
tann. In nlttat reniivia tit* Daoalitution ((onvnill; naunldad Hnl of Qm Vaitit 



^ MoUDOi. Tho populaiioB 
300.000, nMily all of wlijeh oumiita of Aiui-ricani ffmn tha U^litd Sut**. 1W 
•hvat numtin aboal 33,1100. Tho military foien was Dorapiaed cb*eflT of valm- 
ten Inx^ and mUilia i the navy eonalaiad of a alooji of ww, t»a %mg^ aftd an 
annrd ateaiTuif, lenral anhaiiiMn, ke. 

Tbo aanention of Tna* 1o tfaa Unilvl SlalM, baa bean (vr aoiM tioia a pofn- 
lai meaauiv. In both connirlai ; it ho* been itronaly adnoalad by many «f llw 
moat vminnnt men tn lb« Unlmi, a« a daalrahla addlUan w tmt Mntl 
alFardlnit ths moBn* of csiandlns out Uwe and inaltuilMme nriir a pan 
Unntt tlial wonld, tinder iu furrnfr ■paUH-lic poaaieattra. Iiava |Mf 

BMnparaUeevildanuM.widi hw iohabilaiiia ntcrpt ludlana. Dvriof lb* 

of 1«I4I, 'i\ a bni pawnd boOi Hmiin nf Congne* or the Driod SlalM. fn- 
Vlrilnx fii) Inmnliai* aDDiruiinn. The pitnminrni oflVxa* ww aouirwhai tvdy 
on the eubjcpt ; but thn Inhabitant* vrlnced aunh tirvn^ fiiiUuc* in <" CaniKt,tJ>it 
Ibe «(Minlllu>n) aalhoritlBe waie at lanilh u!>li|^ (□ peifn-l tliu ma«tun>. On diP 
Ifitli of Juna inia, ilin IVtaB «Rin|ff*M Rial ai Wnahini^iin. iin th* IltxaM riva*, 
wlifin bnlh hniur* UTumimouiily rnnarntf4 Inlhn liimiB olxlie Jninl itmbaUoti of Aa 
I'riiird KuiM. pra<l<1hig f"r thp ■dmiMlnn nfT-^au lu nnp fT ih> StBlMefDtf- 
Knx'iv-Aa ttni.Tn. A C'liirniii'n w-^^t n1(u appnml'nj to nwct at Anatln, J«1y I. 
I<*(1, for Ilia purpiita of Baminit ■ roMtitiitiMn fui Itia Ntaia uf Tana. 



Ml':\iro. •.':); 



MKXICO. 

Mexico iff fin extcntiivc ami iiohlc tcmtnry. forming tlin cfrnater part of tliat 
vhHl trncl of Iniiil which cunnocUt Xof^viUvr Xnrthfrii and SMithern Aiiionoa. 
Or.^imilly a iialivo (Mupire, alU'rwitnls the prin<'i|i.il ut' th<' Spanish Vicen>yaltirs, 
it IS iitiw a (frnat in«lt'|H.'ni!«Mit republic. If h.iai Honiotiint.'s lM't>ii riini>iilvrc<l ni 
«>\tfi>ilin:; tti the iNthiiiUH of i'auaiiin, uhirh i%ns, ni sivui' lie^rp'o. iHuit.T the yirifi- 
<l!rf :<in ut' the vic«*nty cf Mi*xico; hut aM (iuiteiiirilu, tu liio smith wani ut' M»*XiCi) 
I*ri;»»'r, waa always a svparaln inti'ii'li.*nry, riml hin now pri'<'T»vl itwlf iiitd an 
irii:»';i»'inh'rit ropubljc, il niu-t recivo a H'|vir:iti' nutive. Itr« h-'iL'ih may h'» -IritiMl 
»t alo'Ut UTrfNI iiitli\s; the lireaiitn \aries t'Min VSt inii<'S in the i^'iiin>ia ut'Tehunn- 
te|»«i\ and nearly IMNI at thu inain o-nlp' of tiie repiihiu*. l»»'t\v«'"'n Ar:ipiilr«» and 
Wri Cruz. tc» aU Mil I'JTMI i»n tht; pralit-1 nf IIT n-«rtii l:it:!U'le, and nearly 'S'W I 
lH.'t'.\»en till* Kin'ky Mnuniain!> anil liie tn-erui iii the e\ir»'in«' nnrrli. The \\hol«' 
Mirt'iri' may lie, tiier>-!iire, di .MTilied a.-* Ivmh* Ulwe«n 1IH> anil l'J."r \V. lonp. 
and irr and \'2- N. lat.. with an area ot' l.loO.iliIll .mpiare nnl>*s. 

Tiie hurface nt" Mexu'o i.^ i-ievafi-il, runiiiiK-Kii; pirt v[' ttiil vi.-»l riilije which 
run.'' aion;; the whule contiiii'nt tif America [viRiilel tu the Pinni*. .md which in 
thf xiiith 1.** culled the And«*.< i>r ('<irdill*rai<, ami in the n'irth tin* Kintky Mmin- 
tain.-. In the middle (lart the cha:n pre}ient<( a hrnad tnhle-l.ind. t'ruin TriMNl tn nii(M) 
t'<Nt in hei|jht, tiui^ eipiallim: Alont St. ISemard. and others of (!ie n)<i!<t n^niark- 
atile Minimitj< of the idil continent. This taiile.land i.< not, ns in (|i];lu and other 
ji.*ir!»* of Suit h .XiiHTica, an interval between opjnjmIp ridi;*"!-. but i.-t the very lis/h- 
e>l flirt of the Tid«;«* it.-iell* In the coiirs*^ i»t' if. imbnii, ib>tach(^i tiiountains occur, 
of winch the suTiiinit.s rl^e into tiie r«-;rions of }M>r(M*tiial »:now, on a level almuHt 
witii tin." miirlitii'-it Iff t!ie .Andi-H. Sncli are tlie volcanic pi'aks of Orizava, I'of^o- 
cati';>tl, and Tniiu'n. Htit tl^e^e are iii«T«'iy iiinulateil heiijiiLs or chains running 
III a ilsirerenl direcl:»»n from tlie (rern'ral rulije, anil preM.»nlm:» tV'W iiiti'rriiption.'- 
fii tlj.it conliniioji- levi'l, as hiiii«»tli almif^t n> tlie iM'rnn, v, h:<.'}i extends t'-r uj>- 
wan'-* of I'lIK* mibs t'Min on** e.\trem:iy of Mexu-o l»i !h«' o'iier. H'?ncc while 
liie cnmmunication lNlwe«'n Mi-xico and t!:e eastern a.ntl western ff«'a-<*ivij»tii w 
e\fre::n'iv ditVicnlt. and, wiiii sli^'ht e\ce;it;.iiif. cm Im« cirrjed on on!v bv mub^n, 
!ii«ri* !s notiiin:; ttp prevent wheej-eimajjt's !ri«iM ruiininf; I'nuii the c.-ip.t;il l.i S;intA 
Kf .:i New Mexico, and tin-nee t«> St. liO«ii.«< on tin* .MiMsisKippi. 

The rivers of .Me.x.co are n«»t x^t)' nnmeritus. n4»r, in U'-nenil, of consid'^rable 
ma/nitiide. The princi|ial ik the Kio del Nnrti* or Braxo, wii:cii, ru'^in;; in tlie 
r.ortiiem pari of the country, IIowh. by a »out!i-ea.-t«T!y ci>urse of about l.VMI 
mill"*, cliietly tlirou^jh wild and KavajT** traets mfe>tetl iiy the .'\{Miciieii and (V 
maiietio!!, into tiie (iiilf of Mexico. l*lie Sacmmenti*, and Hiienavenliira are 
riveri* of I'pper rnlifornia of whicli, howe\er, our knowlei!;;e is hliijiit. The (Vi- 
l«irai:u of llie west h a larire river, but it^i coiirvi^ i> throu<;ii counlrit^M thinly 
{••Niplcd and little known. It fullzt inlu the (lulf of Calit'ornia. atler receivin;; tlie 
Giln, a considerable stream. 

TJie ]ak«*fl uC Mexico ore numennis, and appear to lie the reinainH of other*, of 
vast extenU which lomicrly coveroti a much larjjcr prii|>r)rtit»n of thi^i lotly plain. 
The vallev (»f Mexico lit covrrcnl wilii nmall laki*s, winch occupy n»arlv a t'ourth 
of iffi Kiirnice; but the only one on a f;rent M*ab* m that ut' l*iia|Kila, in .Michoac.tn, 
wiiieii iH estimateti to contain an area o\' alionl IIKHI H}ii.'ire nnl*":. 

As an atfricultural country, Mexico hasi Uvn celebraliti for tiie vait variety of 
pn-iiii'tioni* whu'li can iw raiMii, aK'^nhfi;; fi* liie dilViTent d'^up-e.* of elt-\atfin 
of iL« pTtmt lai»ular ma-j* of ii'rr:t*«rx-. ft in divub-d into warm |!i»nK ■ ti»'rra- c:«lr«'n- 
t»»i<i), teuip(*ratc lands ftierra^ tfmp]ailai«'. and cold land-* tM'rra-* i'n'X'*'-. Tiie 
uann land^, however, tiioiiirh ca|»able of yieldin? in prot'nsion al! »ii»' pr«*liiction< 
of the torrid zone, are »ubj*»et to :«o deaiily a p-stilence, lint eveii the nat.v*-- pre- 
ferre«| to inhabit a jHjorer Hiul on flie hijrher irrMuivii*; ami Knrotwans, ex.'i-pt th<» 
few fix«l by commercial avidity. j»as8 thnmnrh it in tremblinir in-v*. a-* if death 
punnied them. Tlie coKI lands airain. are nearly devoid of verri-iafioyi. exhibiting 



I HErxioo. 

• fi!W ■cntteTcd apota the jilants of the oorLh. It ■• mlf m (hu 

■In," tLsl the nai i&d cfliKtiva vogciation vxui«; and Ihvra tho fiDflM pUnbj 

of tho TtuM penloJ IvmimaU) ctiinnlm an produced in hirh«r per&etian th«a ta { 
t othor part* uf liic known world. The Mc^xicon nReat ucel« ibu of kU 

ciUiur couniniUi both lu iiuatity anil abundanci), pruvkliNl Uiai ti; imidk iir art U 
a b«"n eupplind during gnxvUi wiUi nlfflcient mciwtiiTA. t<och ia thn wtfity of 

thn voii, that urtiAcial irrigntian ia uiunilf mnMwary. Utuie, ur Indian aira, tbt 

urupur jcrain of AmatKO. ia atill mote geBenlly oiiltivated, aiwl Ibroia Ihn aluidiiv 

ibi! collier jrounda, thn lint fbrminz the chinf Ibod of honca. Fwliivr down 
grows Uin boi»[ia, wliich, lJii>u|th liio proper food of Iho totrut moe, ifniwa m hivh, 
tbat Humboldt calcuUtM 00.0110 Moaro mllM may be tit for it. Of all vogataUM 
it yiclila tho j;rcNt«in prnportinn of nlimont with tho l«ul eultum. It kous tnat 
in lea maodia aflcr plmtins, nod tlivn requires only lo have Uie aUlta cat, titai 
n«w «liuLit« may tpruxg from lli^m, »Dti la b« du^ and dnwted roual Uie not* 
Tho Miioiinl of niitrilivo aiibatanco yinldcd by it, i* (o that of wbMt, a* 133 to 1, 
o ibat of potatooa, oa 44 to 1. The manioc roc^ under tha mtne fUtnalo, cu 
be mtuJu to pruduce nbandanco of [Hilala.blH and wboleoomo farina. The MeawUB 
■el uiui;h volua aim ou t)ie majfuny, which ia vxi»iuiivoIy rulliniMl, anil yield a 
■nnually aboot lAO fruarU of a •worrt juien, oanly convorlible isu ptitqtw, tbc 
faroufilo fcnncntvd luijuor of ihi- pvople. Su)[iir, coSie, and eollon, are all pn>- 
dacad of (MMillont quality, )nit only for internal urc ; and aoM, llioa^ aa uai> 
vniwl bnvora^ ia {ucounxl by importstton. Conhlnral ta aliDaM the Mf artjeta 
Cullaoteil DXtenaivcly Kir crporL The cultimi is labnrioua, and Ina dhnnaiibiid of 
Lat«i, but tliH price lm» nut mcrcB«od, aiibelitutcii brinff «iDpbiy«4. Tbw« h aln 



lu Uio aiDuuiii uf riOOUf. or KKtHNM. value Innualty. 

SinnultLCtura* in Mexico are, and must long continue, in a lerj rain Mal». 
Tliera arc, hnwercr, considerable fnbrici of coarac red f«rtlt«nw«rts which ia a«ri 
D oil tho iiporationa of niokery ; alao manufactiirFi nf omtm woolleBi and oattem 
Tho amuunt uf Uiedr. in i^ood lirni?m was r«ckonc(! at T.flOCMKW dollusi bat d» 
'ta. Workinj; in jfold and mtvt-t has, aa mi|[M bg n 

brnw a &vnutilii OFCDpatinn. Snrvicea of plate, worth 8(1,000 or 4fl;linO .. 

havD Uwn niaiiulaoturfHl al Muxicv. whidi, for olunnce awl ine woakmuiah^ 
nay rlvnl tho bc»t of the hinl in Riirop*. Olaaa baa alio mada (raat prayroa. 
Tha cmdiea of Mnxico hnnc looi; btno colobrat<«d both ft4 (»id cooatniCtkMt tad 
beanty, <l tietn|.'thu uaniculnr ambition of al) whanoeBibly can, tufaava tba^eoMlt. 
I Tba cunimerco of Mraico doM nut corrMpomf Willi ila gml fcme tar wmHIl 
Tho KXpatu of the prncioin motaU krat tho prinr ipa) arlicte ; a«xt to tlii* ia 
cooluiMul ; to whioh nuiy be addnl, aupr, flnir, indigo. plDTiiiiniL ntttiUa. wn* 
liarilla, Jnlup, loewood, and pimMnlo. Bot the commerce la niiw. tn co n aaqaa w 
of Ihe gmdunl d<uiy of ifau rcaoutNia of the nation, maeit leva than >l waaMyawa 
tffo. lnltt43ll>«>axiioK«toiJieUniiwd Stata«womt9,TH'J,4ni!ia«fMMM. lupailB, 
•M7I.U3T. lnl83t«.UH>iiDponafnim Britain irctviboul •1,000,000. RxpaaU, 
•C.OOn.OOft, oMiIy all In »f>a«la. Ilia ahova r(HnpriM>a nr«ri» the whola of Ih* 
foraiipi commcreo of Mexico at the (naaaol tima^ Under the Spaniah rafinr. 
V«ra i'tua and Acapalru had a moncpuy of the ti*A> i bat ainc* th« rMdMlfw, 
I a aonaidsrubla amouni ha* ainliwl in other portx, n( which tha atiiaf aia, !■ Due 
I oonhrm part of tba tinlf. Tttnpieo, and Soto la Marina | Campirliy m4 IV 
bnaeo in the aonth | San Bla* asd Uauilan oa iba waalem coaal i aad Ouajwai 

Ib tho Onlfof Callfomia. 
The ininaa, honcvm, are die (rand ehjcrta which ha«H luiaavcwd tltii Ha a( 
unbounded wvalih and rnmantjn aplendour with ik* mua et Metioo. Gdi aai 
■liver, by a natural Uluaion, hava alwaya alioac la the ryaa of manfchwl trilb a 
lualMbayondlhat uf any other mnlal. I'm*, indaed.albra teld la flaaiat a h aa 
danci I but Metioo, •iiwa tba £r>l dlaonmy, baa pradoord mora ailm IIMh all 
there*! of lie wuild united, Tlia ailMrwagrHcxieebbr fnen nnb; it aaMia 
Jidda moR) than Ibrte ar foni mincaa (a Iba ifalalal wf aanh, whfl«ihAt*f Haaeoy 



MKXIO>. 



■jn 



I vicliid ten or oven ritUH.'n iHincf^. It ih Mt initial alni) very ilvep in tiie (refund. 

J Ttit' quantity, huwt'Vfr, iM in many caiH*^ iniiiit>nM\ obtJiinctl with cuiiiparalivrly 

' litlli' ilitVioulty ; tor. in.-trad nt' bi'intr* as iiJdJ.il. placed in thf> h«*art of dn^ary and 

aliu->8t inucci'i«il>l«! des^Ttf', Ihi* Miinc:* iH'rupy the very tN'ift Mtii.itiitiis nfthe ^reat 

tab'.i' piiuii, are ^iirruumhil uith brilliant ve;;elation. and with all the nie:in*« nl' 

roiiitMrtabli' FuhM;ilL-nre. Th»r«? are UtKM» niincM in Mexiro; niiwt ut" them, hf»\v- 

■ e«er, nr** nuw uiipnidiitrtiv*', and ev<Mi ruiiioii:*: but ailvf;nluri*r*( have b«*en encnur- 

ai;i'd til bi>:;in« and ti) pfr^evere while a |i^^irtu*le i>t' their capital remained, by the 

eiinriiiMUH proiiiH wliicii have, in a lew iii?'laiic**?', been r<'ali/ed. 

' The ppkliire ot' the mines Ciintinuiii inerisiMiii; till the rtiinim'ncomcnt < if the 

I la!»» r» viijiition. From 17ri(>io 17Vi. ihf aierajre Bp|M'aretl tn be lll,rrfi»i.lHHI d««l- 

l.lr^; tr«»ni 1771 tu lHi;i. n wjw ll»,ii«^**,(HH»; but in thf lirM yt-.-irn oi' tii** prfsinit 

ri'iitiiry, the duiU'^ Ifvuil impluNl an amiiiint ul' 'Jv2,(l(NMHHi; and. all<iwiii!r t^ir 

,1' •ntr.ilviiid. the tiilnl mi;rhl pMlnlily Im« 'jri.lNNI,(NN). Ihiriii:: <>>•' dreadful cnnvul- 

'-I'ltjM i.f tiie hti' rcvnliitinn, liie amnimt was ;:rr:illy reduffd, tin* water haviii:; m 

many iiititanceM Ixmmi itll«iw«ii to runh in, thf ni-u'hini'ry de?>tr<iy**d. and Hie wurk* 

. iiii'n ili'>(HT«««il. Thi* aniiii'il avera!;e pnilure Mnci> the revolution is nut mure 

ihaii I'J.tKKi.iNMi dolKirn. 'Hir mIvi r i'i>int-<l in tht! muitA uf MfXieo, l«u:iii.i\u.ilti, 

/;ir.ittv.i-. (iw.tii.il.'.x.ir.i. Ihir.in;;*', >>iii l.uis l'iiiu.>«i, aii>i Oiiiiii.ihii.i. aiuvuniid, in 

: Ki:. tosn,«;ir.,:hij. 

Tbi* mint "( M* au'h is w priMliir|i>u> t »l:ildishm('nl. in wliii*h :ill (he prr«ces!t»'4 

an* <Mrri> i! i>n witli t)if t;ri;itt-st a«-ii\iiy. It is e.ipahlf uf .<*t. mi pini; |(iu,immi dul- 

hirs within till' li'iur. N>i m)ii<1 .hi opi-ratiitn ii m Ui-iu r»-i|inrrii ; yil ihi-re have 

' p.Ktiii thrMi:ifli II proS.ihly iipMariit of Ii.niui,<)iMi,iuin didl.trs. 

I Owiiu; to thf iiiixitilril stale of the naiiitn, ui>t{tin>r ei-rtuiu ih known in rcirard 

:«» Its iiiilit.iry i 't*'*'. Th' itrmy is not l.iri:r, aixl rn'i-iit rvnit-* h.ive pro\id that 

{ It !<» iimI vi ry « ificiiiit. The want of harlii>iir!« must eviT pri viiii Mexico I'roni 

, h« in:; •> ^riMt ni.iritiiiu pow^r. I.itili- eoiifidtiu**' can Ih- pLutd in any Ntalr-uienta 

, r> Itiivi t'l iLf riii.uii't-.s. The rev* hue. in 1-:!1, was ;iiinnutic«il ;it ^Ui. n^i.OiJO. 

Till- ti rriti-ry of th»* rrpuMic, c inxi^iuijr ,,\ (in* M vic» royalty i-f Ntw Spain, 

>( i!i»' «Mi)taiiiCV-i'« n«T.il of Ynral.sn, aii-l i«f the cuiniiiandaiirv-l'rii* ral «f the 

Ir,:^ ri'..;i I'fiviiici ■*. w iH«!i>i.!id !«y ifo- rpiisiimiitiu nf l-'Jl u.i.i iuikU en Niatis, 

' f ..r Ti rritorirs, art ! dt- I'Vdrral Disiru-t : tSis arran^iiiit nt was ^iihvirU'il by the 

liii-rt'f'of H3.'), whi«-ii pri'Vidiil fi>r a i\»}s divi>|tin cf thi* i*oiiiiir\ into di-partmct.ts. 

Tti>- p>';Mi!ati'n <f ti.e Mi \i<'an Si«ili's iias been « ?itiniaii-d, l'> liitVirent authors, 

at from ^ to H> iiiilii'infl, but appears now to be a little over 7 milli>'n<. 



Hill' « Arrj.Sij %Ii'.-« 
Tab.ijirii 1 l.t'iT'l 

V. nt nu •J7.i'i»'i'» 

i lii.ira .I'J.tlTf'i 

I.a Taibla lMln 

Mcxii'o. .0 3.'i,4;»<J 

Qiirrvtiro 7,.'ifHJ 

y> •!• ral Pisirirt 

Mi( hiiacan Sh!,4li0 

JaliM^i TiMHm 

ttuanaxiLito ^,(MHl 

7. HMtiTa* rj.!i.*in 

iKirani;!! .O-l/itMl 

rhihuahin lOT.ritNi 

San Lui« Totuti l!l,(MHi 

Taiiiauli|iu .Vi.llNI 

Now ly^i til.tMM) 

( 'oahuiU 3.V.IMI ' 

Sonora and Stiicdna 25-l,7iMl 

Yucatan 7i»,5(MJ 

Chiapa 1«,750 

Territory of New Mexico 200,000 

Trrritory of ( ahlwrnias A-2J,*MV} 

TiTriiory of < Vdinia. ■ . 

Tirritorv nf 'HaPcala 10.000 . Tla«aU- 



r«>)t<ilaii<<n I'liuial 

".'i.iKMi TibiMMi (V. Ill riiiusa'-. 

l.'ill.OiHl \ahpa. 

r.*Jii,iHKi Oav.uM. 

^1I^^MM^ La Piicbla. 

U'irjlMMm Tlal(Kin. 

liNI.OfN) Qui rrtaPK 

•JIHI.IHMI M« IK'o. 

41IMMIII Valladolid. 

HJO.nOO I Hiad-iUxara. 

■tl'iiMKlO (nianaiuiti). 

lllil.dOtI /. trail fStf. 

l.'iii.nno liiiMiurob 

IMHKU) ('hilin.ihua. 

USO.fNH) San I.uia Potosi. 

I5O.OU0 A^uayo. 

]00,(H»0 MonU rvj. 

TiO.INM Moneluva. 

*i!i(»,000 Sinahw. 

410.000 Merida. 

9-2,000 ('hiapa. 

60.0(N) Santa V4. 

.•io.tKXl Mimtrrrj. 

10,tNlO iVilima. 



iM mehcxk 

The cUbmu uT toe\e%y an »iagu\»r\r variiMl, t-nd nm chaikcUniMd by diNio^ 

am moro stnkinK (lion thoxn nbcnTvnblo in nthnr cnnnlm*. Tiwy na tmr, nan 

dbrtinct and olmoil tnara bUbr Id esdi nlher than iT thej wnre pMnta peopt^ 

acimtnl hj tba vtrtuiipwl santiin^alB of lutMmJ rivalry. Tbow einaaa «ra. m> 

Spanianln, 8)iUii4rd« bom in AmsricSt ths mixeal CMtM, ami Ibti lodlaML 

_ he (Mliva ttpuiurd*, oaJlod ChiipotanM^ did tint fernierl; iimed SCMKN). and 
th« pro&tcr numW of thewi havo now Iwm expelled ; bi>t, pridv to the ble ivt» 
latiun, the court of Modtid, eitlicr thioufli JMluH*^ of tbo Amn'inBa, or thftm^ 
personal iiilereat, iKnitoweil nxclonivalr ajan tlifttn erny olfiea in it» cotoaiM 
Thtiy tl»ported Uicmidira* u lidn^ of a deoidcdh' •npertor orier Id the Crwdc 
SpanliinU, wiio, they openly uawud, were no cffiiiMnate uul iinmM m*, torn- 
aide of iDj eleviled and libnnl oi^qupation. Tlwiy ara nuw &Ura (hjiii titer 
Wh octets. Tlivy km alriiipad of ail thoir hnmrnn mmI ditfiuliM; moal of ttiMi 
nuoCMl la dxtreme poverty, and altowBd niily to RKUt under *i ~ '~ 

• mrenuneDt to wbum Diey are object* of MTpMual jealnuy. 

Tlie Craolta. or Am«ricaM, m ihpy proAsr to call tli*nwrliN«, mm wIim (hv{ 
WMV dcp TM^ d banoalh tha prapomleraDee of the Ruropoam, Hmoi ' ~ 
elaaa in compariaon with oUiw iialivw. Tliey are ftjtid of tptenianr. 
I« ride QQ lioraM richly capariMinHl. Many of Ihpm, dgwjpnJed ' 
caaiu«r«m, or onrichnl bv •ppculation in tli<? minei, Qnjny Iq^UiitH umvn no* 
than princely. Forty or llHy ^wantid dollarB a year in not an anoHnnun inoiMM 
oven for liiiuiliM who do not poBwrn minpa. . 

Tlio emiro number of thoae denonuDaled white* in M«xie(V 1* tkeul JJKMOt, 
of wlunn all except Ihu nnall number of BuTopeana abora minitiaiiarf m Cnwtak 
Very fttv of thei«, howovrr, arc froo IVnm a inuiurv of bdiaa blood. Tbn diargv 
of if^orancD i* C'COQ'ally ■dvan<M^ a^aimt thin clajw; and, nutwrithMHldiai KaM 
ilfcid«l pjtceptiana, and a peculiar aptitude, which Rical of ihmi an ^d la •!*■ 
play ia luammtf tha principlt-s of icience, cannct be wholly doaicil The a 
bawrer, v/htch liavo produced Uiia mental detfradatinn, arr turn at u end 
thnuith beneficial chaiif[eit arc not to lie elSKuS by rnai^^c, Ibem am \m Dn 
tlmt th@ permanent advantx^ of a fJoo governiaent will eoaUe ih* 
take llio Rtation tor which nalnrn ha« ile«iincd lh«m. 

The Indiana, dnaceodanlB of ttiO original paauavon of Mcxieo, ItBI aornn, le 
(he BupiKMed aruount of nearly S.000,000, and are, conse^islly, usufy dm 



T«n wiion uiv? 
od a priv3«gai 

fhan a» (h» 



UBica aa numwona m the whito nco. Tliry bear tbo reni 

aborifiuea who have been (bund in nil porta M Kurth and Sotrili ABfric*. T^tJ 

have the aune nwartby or copper colour, the flat and •mwttt faair, niO hwnL 



c&aoh'bonea, thick lip*, and on expnimaB ofevntlnnoaa in tlia BKvtW ilHilj 
HMlnalad with a floomy and aevera look. Their hair in OMnv, hM mamtk, aoll 
Htflnayaa to appear ion cantfaiil«Ul« of humidity. T ' ' ' 

of weir coa&byinin), ud with oioal raoet of very awuLby 
tJon ftmn almaiil rvan apociea of dnforniily. 

The mixed caataa nmn a very nanutrow part <ir tho mnlalina tt tfooM^ 1i» 
lug estinialed at about 'ijjIKKMiOlV "Hiey are eithev muJatiuef, dnveBded ftwa 
Itttxtunt of tha whlto nitli Ihp npfro; aambuM^ fliuo llie ne^ro and Indaaa; > 
' from miittiiTn of thi> whilo with tho Indian. T>» bttnr, in ( 



of the happily email number of noffroo intruhicKl inin MoniM, ciudbdm 
ntrbtha of iU muim] population. To he white, wa* fonoerly in Uena i 
of rank, and almnat a titln of nnhiliiy. VVhon a Mexican con ai iw^ kkw^K 



(liflitnl by another, ho would nak. "Am I not aj wiiitt< aa yourwlf r* nan a >*■ 
finumcnt nf vinily, itio inliahllanla nf the u.Uinini onridiod thair hnj^wt* • ~ 
lam» for the Anrat thadaa which renull IVm ibn deipaieraUan orUtn pnawtin _ 
lour. The union of a meatutn, or ronktlo, wiDi a wbiw, luntuena whal ■• calUd 
a qnnrteron ; and tb« union nf a quartatno with a wbita praJwoea a ((iim«er» i 
after which, tho nttxt moaratkn i* aimaintad whits. 

Tha Raman Oatlianc tn dta aniy pnhUtly rKOoralMd teUrfMiI bnt rubm* 
■re tideratMt. Tha ebtueli atahlialiBiMa eonaiata tf tha anhbUtinp cT Maueo, 
and nina Mahopa. hn^lng W •gptgHB toww of tUijano. with ) JTT ptnrMal 



MKXirii. -J II 

rU r.jy. Th* n- .in* .lUn 10 <Mihfi!r..U, ii.iviii.j hi*" iMn ns, .umI • tin r •h'.jnilirj*'*', 
aiiil ••iif ••••ill ;:i it«' «'l:ur«^i. Th" f' ::iil.ir rlrr-^v f-'iiipriM' r.*7"» iii •iik*. ciiit tl\ 
rr.tiiiM^Mii ; -11. 'i '.•■• n- ar«' I.'mi i*. r.vi-iil^. TIh* .iiii!::il iiii'";iif «'l Ui« ••rr!r*i »'»!i<"i 
1-^ .r.i"iil I J i:ii;li-'!i «. 'll.iT"". 'I |p Sj'.ini'*h iij' Ilk". :iii«! jtrtr^'H \M rr i-\!»» l;nl «: .nii'; 
i:i» n Vi'lwdiiii ; .n-j tli«ir I'lu-i'i an- fiMi'il hv < 'r*'"!*"*, \\h ^i- Mi«»r.».'« an* at Tin* 
: •-.%! >t • iiii. lit iiji* Ti \t^*i ti'.lif iiitiiu-iK •• oYtT (111* uliiif )H->iui.iliMii, aiui ici* ti>>!(i 
• ■t i.'h* rliun'li ••.• r iJ.i" liitiiaiiH. in vrr rotnp'tt \*\ is mixs i i«»i t« <»at liiiiij, l-r tin y art- 
.1 I lll'«tr Mf ',. -^ j;.«"IjiiiiS t • i-i«lair\. 

"i':if M'i< lift •» . .\«' I' i \t : ]ir-'^{H'rtil in ihis j .iri ut XiiitruM; lii-'Kijii \* w tf... 
*■• ri.:ni ii'.t !• :\i i \]" ni,,-i) iiinr*- in tlii' |ir<>iii>-ii'''n i>t ]mi\ ^kmI <«<*i* ii« •' iu.;ii is tt 
■ : >;>.:ni. h 'i iit '.lure It -{..li^Ml i'\{M<ltlM'ii^ iiil'i Mi'Mnt anil «-lh' r parts i I iis 
::.iiiN .!i in!i<- lirrs! r\, v. iiii 'i r. -i liHt.iniO il.'ii.ir-*. A tinl.ii.iiMl )r.iriii-n aii-i «■ iKi-- 
i i!« ' I hi'.i.i I il-* \*i !•■ 1-T'ijt'l II) N|i \ii*«» III I 'jriat M'.ilf ; an»l i:''»riir!r\ aiui 
.-'r ii«'.ii\ fiavi til .•!• ri ;,-»i'.i r «.• j-r^ v;r" >. Th*- *i'ln "1 •■! iiiin* ^ j«r"«'.in t .| 'jrf.ii 
•..I . • I'j. - If ',i.«- •■•■n: !.". . .i; M '..I ji'.j'iU \i«'« iMiialiti ixni in !;«• m-jJi« ■•t 
!t:.ii.4*lK '• « I iiia^lit :>..iiii-. "I'. «-^' ii^' ih, .iri'Mftiiii:: if n-ri nt aiM*i-ui»tH, iiail -ull'-ri «i 
■I ti si.jK r.try ••'••; -• • :m <- i <i , n !:•-• • l' liit- r<xi !iiUi«ii; \\u uvw •rii\i riini< iit h.is, i 

u* vi r, « ii'ii »x .1.. »-• :•%:%»•:• :;i. tli<'U'*tt an \ft uitli ImiI littlt* 4'lVivt. 
Tfi'" liip" ar!- V. i n .il-.» ••'t.M."'tMi uiih l'hmI z»';il l»y lli»' «»M ij«»vi'riiiiiont, which, 
;• a:i i-xju-n-f ■'!" |'»J»»i'i.. ,,»r-. tran*{virt« •! !»• .M«".\u"it. arr«>^«» lh»' rin'ky jmsm.tj ol 
"i" C. r.:i!!' r.-i-, •. «• < ■ ■ ' • 'i • i" r.i-;- i.{" lin* Mn«^>t antii^'p- -!al!ii>. Tin' Acrnioni; 
■ ■: tS«' I'lj-f \." ;: -'■ •] .!i ill :.•♦• «■!" 'Jo.HN) liuiiur.- a y» ar, chit-lly p>jpp;i»i! by 
/■.v«Tn'n»ri! ; ..i. : !..'• '•• :i : ' • ; .•- t-»» rt:oii- wn-* ^ci-n in tin." U:auty v\ t!i».' publio 

• •iilj'"! •< wlin.t .n.'-r:. '• !.:• «'ap:!.i . 

'Vnr Hii.'i^*-: ."1.:.- ::r" I'j.t r'y ?..•l^•■ of* t >iil Sfuiii : hull-iij^Mit**, oiitl rt'iit;t«ii::i pro- : 
'•' --M.'i-. 'l*i:«' ' .• '.!r« :^ -*. . t.r ;:i:">'ri««r lo tiial i-t' f!n' iin'tfior-rounlrv. 

Thf ^!al■' •■! M' \u- • I ..lijiri*'^ Mh' Vallty nf .Mf.\.c«'. a fin«* nn»i >pliMiiii<l n»- 
r.' ri, \fir:f„'rr»«I i«;. • \*»i..-m' Iik» s ind -urrMnnI«Hl hy -"oint' nf th«' Infliot \ol- 

• anu* p'lU' -it !'.' :i«".v \\«ir..!. !»> riri'urntVnin*' is aU>iit "J^MI niih.':<. ami il I'lniib 
li.-' MTV c«ntr«" if •"••• L'r'"it tui/.t -j.inil ot' Aiiahiiar. ili'\at<.i! trmii fi(HH» lo "MHHI 
Tt • • :i:ii\i' till.' !» ".. ". «.;■ tin' *»':i. Ill i:if rt-ntp' iX lliips vall«»v Mandd iho rilv ul' 
M' \u't; \-*i\j r, •.'.■■: \* n'l t:j»" '. iT'j* si iMty nt AiiPTiia ; h»it it is i.nw Mir;«afi.*-(-ii liy ' 
.\'V..V.^rk, P.i.ii !il;»!i:n, nii-l p'-rhnp.-t wrix hy K:o J.iniMro. Sumo «>tiinalt»s 
fn\.- ra.^'il i!- ;». ;.'i;i!:i ri In 'JiKMHHi; i nt :l 'prulnhly nii;rf.-* iVuni I'Jtt.mNi In 
l.Vi.twm. If iH : ^..r. I ui-piT.' i.'ji- ni««.-t ^p:f•n(l:ll. " .M»'Mrn i?. 'iiuii-n! tfiily i.n»' 
<•;" !':•• liii"-! <• ! • - ':!!..! \', Kir-'jMMn- in i-itlii-r In :.ii>p!nTt' . Mitii th«' •■\««-p!i>in 

-I S!. 1*1 '.•r-h'ir..'. II- riifi. irj'i l'Hiln<;ilp)jii. and h«iiu' ijnrirliTsi i.t' \Vf..tins:»-tiT, 
;ii. rt" il'.".M lut* r\.-t a •iiv •«: !/.•• >.iTn«' ••.\l»nl wiiiiti can U* riini'.virctl lo th«* c.iin- 
tal I.t' \i'vv Sfwun, I-tr !:.•• nn.:' rin I«'v»l •■f tin' irriiiinil nn uhu-ii ii siainU, t'-r ihi* 
p j'ilirily aiiil hp .r!!ii «.!* i:i»" -ir-*" ?.-. an»! tin- rMi-nl i»t' tii«* ^4pl.'^r♦•.- iin<i [luhlic 
I 'a**'?-. Thf ari'liilt . !';rf h ;r»nfr:il'y nt' a vrry pure ^r\ )•', nml lli«'ri» an* I'vi-n 
•ti :;«'fH of a V'.*ry U-awi !»! •■triiclsp-." Tli" p'llno kJ' lin- Intt \j«'fr'H>. the 
•••i". "•Inl, luiilt in wii!? i. f»TJn'-«l tin* li.iiiiu- >t\U\ M"\«Tai I'l' lUr •••ar»»!it>, and' 
^'.'li • privat'* |i:iIa«o.-. r» ar«il n>i:i p.m- t'nriu'-uinl hy tip' pupi'- it' ihf A a-ifmy 
III" lJi»' Fiu»! Art.-, I'.l" «'t* i::«'al •■.\t«iit aiui iin;fii:liii»iu*«' ; n-l, iiimii !l.i' v. h. »'..■, it 
:- rather th»» arrtn." in"iit, rfj-ilari*}. aiul ::»r.frjil rtli-rt iit'lh»' <M!y. wii.ch r'tui'-r 1 
It Ml «trik.n;r. \ 'thiit;:, in pnr:,iMrar, ran k»** itiiin* i-iu!. lUttii;: liiuii the \:ew ul 
ihf C'.tv and vilhv !'r««rii li.i* s'ltro'iiMiii'' hi iifht.-. Th'- • \i' .«-.Mr;i* i.'.« r a \a«:t 
i'\t» nt I't' iMiltiva.isi li»"'.tU. tn !!»•• vi-rv hist* nf thr rnln*>'il iiii"iiita>iir* r».\frti! 
With {HTjH'tual -iiiiw. Tin- city ap>-.ir> a.-* it' v.a.««hiHl hy fh»- ual» :«• «1 I .•■ l.-.k'- 
«»r Tt/r'.u'ii, uhirti, Mirp-ijn«h'il hy xillai,"'?* anii htiiili't.s riM-nihli^ liji- lu.-t \** iii- 
lii'til I.t' till* Swi-j* hiktj., arid t};.* rii h ('nllivatiitn nf tin.' \ ii ni !v I'-ln."* a >•! '».n? 
•'ontrast wit!i t:n* iiak** ! in**iiniain!i. Ainniiif iIk'm* ri-** thi* ;ain>m.<i vi<Ii-aiiu IV 
|iiNMii-|)i>ii and ihf ni. .in'n.ii nt' I/lai'i'itir.all, i»t* whuh ll.«- :':r-!, hi\ •'nnnw. •!' iMUt*, 
liiirfH iMi'dsionally, thriiwiuj up hriiuki* and a.-I:i>, in th«' hi;.!pI ••:' • trina! . :: i.^!-, 
Thi' |»«du'*» tit' lh«' rity H t'xri.'lh'nl ; ni<»-l "-t* tin* ?lri'0T* ar»' l.aijd-«»in«'ly :MV»'d, 
l.iri'l'.'d, and oloaii^'d. 'J*hi.' xnark« f-* art* r<^niarkah!y w»;! Hippli*>«i w/.h .!.:ni%l 
ani! '. »':;<'tahli> pri«tiu'ti"ns hmnijiit l>y i"r»»»d«» of canned alnni; Un' l«'ik«» t-fVuilro 
aii'l lilt' canal h-adin;: tn it. Tli» .-•■ can«»«« an- otVn jjii.d»ii by I'l'iiialen, uh-i at 






tlni auae time an wMviag ooUon in iheir i>iinpl« porubl* Eenauk « pIodoDC lb«h 
ajikl throning ths fiwIlMn into th« wU«r. Hoot of the (fawen wid noti hn 
bonn nianl in dUnmnpo*. or OoUiiw tfanteiUL Ttiey ootuiM of ntU <iriiipi if 
rreiiM, roobi, and buatiM, and eorwdd with black wtiiaa idimU, whkb, koui ' ~' 
gawd by tha wiMr of thn lnk«, beMniM cxcotsdinglj rerlilc;. It a a gnat 
*anu^ to Mexiooy bowervnr, ihal it atuuU Dearly oa a lovel wlAlkfl -" — 
lake ; which, in wfwooi of bMvy raina, orarnhalm* it with ^amneH/n 
Tb« cunMniction of • duaguf, or caoal. to cany off Uio watara af tb» Laha if 
Zampanp), and of the principal river o* which it in fbd, haat mdcc lINOc p>^ 
venlul aiijr very doKilBtinir Dood. Ttia detagiM, thoagh net oudoctad with Ail 
and juilKmunt, coal a,<XXI.IXH> iloHara, and isi odo of Ui« inoal aWfmdiHU hjrdraiiW 
worlM nver oxcouusl. Wora it Blind with water, the laigeal vw^ rt war 
paaa b; it throucii the nui(D of inounlaiiu which hound the plain nf MenQ^ 
alanni), buwDVUTi have been tVetfiienl, and canoot well comb, whOo Ike lOTCl tf 
that lake ie twonly r««t abovu that of tho (froat *quaM oTMffirietk 

Acnpulco. on the wrart cuaol, hu been celebrated in an extracHaHXT Jagrna m 
•limat the cuntre oT the wealih uT America ; the port whoiM llui ncb ffiianiii 
gaUtvns (ijok tlieir departure tu spread tlio wealth of the wai' ~ 
»m hf^iimphon'. It ia onr of the mort n)a;^ificoDl harboms in 
aa if it were nxcavitrd by art out of a vast circuit of sniiitv 
oat all view uf the aea. Vet while Vera Cms, with ita wretched ^ 

«iii)-b«iikK. annually r««:?ivmi IVom 400 to 000 v«wicl«, that nFAca^ea aamh 
raMivnd ten, even in ttic time of the Haoilta Kalimn, tho difeoatiDiiafien tt wtkM 
ivdiKHl il to a alate rS innignilivance. It ia aaid, howevei, d* lain to hnra ■ 
derably rovivnl, and lie e■l■Ulnt^ afttr hllins au low a> lOpOU daUan, bad r 
aomo ycara a^o to 400,000. I'oiailatiun lOflU 

Tho xtato Of Puobla atrctdica nearly luznm the continent, aod oavrtba hM 
laUistand. It hat few minea, but containi an extenaive uhle ptaln, 4000 M 
hich, eminenliy li^rtile in wheat niai<«, and ftulL PupocatrfMl. Ibn 
mountain m Mexico, oxceod* by 2000 Atei (he hieheat in Bani|in, The 
has for sevytal c* Dlurina thrnwn up only miolia and aahe\ 

Ia PiicbU, or Pnebla do Ina Atiifelea, in a faaodioma ami Ur^c city. It i* an- 
lirely Spouiih, liavinff been tininled since the couqueaL "Vh* strvela are auaicbt, 
braad, and croM nach other at richl aneloa, dtvuling; tbo whole tatu tpt/aom 
aquaroa Tbcy are well paved, and have broad rool-patJia, The hrai— arc laifa 
and bftv, the waits often covered with paintion, while the ntf im tKmmmui 
with graxnd tilra. Thn iMlhcdral i* n vaat pile, with little Aatena) tnmmmt: 
but UiL- interior ia rich beyomt de«:riptian. Tba M^ altar ti rnwi^wj tt da 
amet heauUTal marble and precioua aUnuw: it> iranemu* and IcAy eolacHM. wtt 
plintha and capitals of bural»h(>d fMtd, ilaaiatuea and othar unawenta. haw aa 
■naqnallad afftcL la manuAaturaa it takea the land of sClHr MaaH^a cttiaa: 
thone of waeilan hare iteclioed, bat thoaa of eartbennn and (Imw ara alill 9amt- 
laUnB. The population ia eatimatwl at tHUNXL 

Cbolnla, the aoelent eapilal of a gmal li^|«nideBl rnpoUie, han AMlliarf tan 
a tnwn, ninlainin^ QOflOwiula Tha pyramid of Cholola bUm worhofaK wlkicft, 
nenl lu tlie pyianiiila or G|rypt> appmachea nearat in nnfnltulc and natnaa (i 
thine of naiute. It li nut uearly ta hlvh aa the Onat PyfamUi iMiaf «4| 13 
feet; bill thn Inncth ia nearly doohla; iSSSflMt, ouiaad oTTWl 

Veia Crui occupia a ffreat lenelh of wa tuaat on thn G«K ' 
tivr>ly oamitt. Il extend* tiiland fnm the l»rel rf tlie Onlf 
of tho ffTcai cnnual tahlaJand. In a day'a jminnr the fat * 
fhnn n^ofw of tho moal niflueatiot! lint to llinaa ar ntamal 
fnpaUa ef /ieUtnc in abunilance the nuM precinna ptnduetioanj 
Meant paiMil, tuKat, lobicni, and cuUon, all of czoellent i|Dality.)MT«li 
In n nidi {nabr Hi«4<iit - Imi tho hnmir with which Iha dinwU m r' 

by Etmpeana and Indiana ii mch, ihat thn greater pan of it rennine i. 

dwatl, where oAm, lor many loasuea, theiv areeoly Inbewmt t«Q«r(hrn»a 
with harda of eaUIe, half wild, atmyiajf rauad thaw. 

Vera Cnu, In which cooui!* alinoat al) thn iraii« tt Monm, w well aal ft 




MKXKX). "Jin 



buill nf tho HMbrnarint* iimtoriril rill«*<l iniiiiretnin*, winch i^ aim madt* mtn 
■Till i\* risi ami whiti* rM|)«>I:is toNa'iT', ami Uittli'iitiMitri, havp a Hplomiid 
wh«'ti si*» :i frfiii ?}.•■ u i'-t. Tiu» ^lr»*^•l< :il»m nri' k"pt i'.\lri»ni»'ly neat am! 

V'l It w ri«n!«iJiTfs! iIk' iiiiM (ii.^a:;ri't*.il>l(* «i!*all placi*-* of n"!*iih*nrn. Tliw 
tii>! iiifrt'iv trn!:i imp |K«^iiIoni*(* which tinit*' thi* nir; thn stirnMindinif cuun- 
M\iTeii Mitti Mml hlii-.vn into hiUiMrkri, which, n'tliTtiii:; the Riy.« dftti** nun, 

(h*> heat iiuin* u|iprf*sMv<\ Thfri* is mit a {;anl*'n nr a mill miw within 
iiiil<'H uf It; nit 1 till* only uutrr which cm 1m* drunk h th:it whirh t'tlb t'n>rn 
> itl"". 'Hn' iMurk»*t.'S an* lud tor vvery arlirh* e\c»*|»l tij»h. nt' which iiinny 
:iil hjit'Ci*'.-* an- hori* raiijjht. Tiio j»Kn*i* appoar?* tu have »'ii!*ihly df.HMiiipd 
In- ili'aMjhilnm iif lh'» Iic-j wliicli conrnTti'd .M«'xici) with the niolhf*r-<*i«iiilry. 
hinui.is.tiii t'l' ViTa rm/. is aUmt TtMMK Th«» casth* dI* San Juan d»? I'llua, 
>: Ifild I'f S{Min III thr Ni'w Wurld, and wh;oti CDniinamU tlie entrance uf 
rl, I-* nf iiiirni.Mi.-*t» blrpn^'th. 

tiiw r.-il/^i'la cir pived nml, frvu Vera Truji into tin* interiur, run«! up t<» the 
im»» lijwix iifWalap'i or J.'klapi, tin* capital nf* tho Mrit«». Th»' I*in»n»»» dd 
r K' \.il Itihl^i. U'lwri'fi ;;i»' two citii-s i* a >Hi|M'mluus work ut' milid iiia- 
tiiriwii >'\'T a Willi anil ^r•■••p ravini*. .\;ila{Ki i» rMiniii<iiliiiii>ly sitiiati'd in 
:liY:ui 'liotrii-l, aluuit -UHNI t>>ci almve th<* >ea. It ha'« I'J.tNNl inhnhitnntfs 
a** ti'r!n«»rly ihi' re-iihTici* ni* the ric!» SfKinnh in'TchaiiI*« «»t'V«Ta Cruz diir- 
<• M>'k!y hfa.-<itn. The nciu'hliitiirhttiki i."* Ilut'ly wiimliii, ami is particularly 
Lihlr U.T lh«> iiii'tlical artir'.i> jilip, which tak(*.<« iXr* trim** from the city. 
th*- cn>.i, til the Huuth, an' th*' [virt.^ ntWlvaradii auil lliiasacu-ilrn, the tur- 
t' ui.n'li li>-r:im<' thf priin'.fKil fntrf'{Wit on the (lull*, ihirin^f the occupation 
I Ju.iii ii»' I il^ia hy th" Span:.-!! lorci'-.-; nn«l tli** latti-r di»rives juhmp iirf«»re?il 
Is >.iii.iiMri at till* teriniiiatiitii ul' the pro|H%ed canal, I'nMii thi* (iult'of Mf*xico 
: i»t"rthnrinl**fit'C. 

• M.it«* Mt' llu-rclani, d»'lacl,<'d tniin lh»» inl»'ndi'!icy nt" Mi'xico, lies to th*» 
i Vi ri t*ru/.. It i!« whiilly mi th»' cnlr.il tahN'-l-iml, and contaiiH kuu'* rich 
i.f mIkt. hut th»» luhnhiUiM!-- aro chti'fly empUiyiMl in ajrricultiin*. Qu'^re- 
•:'' "Mp.'al. I- riiii* lit' th*' HP ^t Ito.tiit.t'iil and f!''!iLrl'.tt'iilIy situatiil. a« 'ai'11 as 
r tfi" ijimhI iiiiiii!*triMii< ami w^nlthv ciin-ii nl' Mf.\ici>. The vtrei-lH all cnuw 
tli'T r»! riu'ht anL'l'*". and l<>rminnl<« in itn thriH* principal npiarf^. Il^ nquo- 
i'«<i-.l t>n riiili'« in li'iii:t:i, \«ith iti< Uild and lot>y nrchei>, ami its ^plfudid 
I'- aiHl c.inicnl.-*, ijiv*- tii»' city an air ot* inajfimi«*»*nr»». Thf» convent ot' 
(':-jr.i H iiiun* than two md<M m circuit. I'opul.itiim 40,(MHI. San Juan 
•I -■ r>'iiinrkahh* tor it.« i;r' i* fair, and tor its faiiioui .oanctiiiry. a nia;;nifici'nt 
\ \. -.'•••! hy irreat nuurKTs ui' pil:^rini!4. 

!i.i»ii!i, of Valladolni. .-• an ••xti-iijiivi* stal-*, Mtinl»Mi to the north ami Wi»«l 
I It" .Mi\ici\ on the MjniMul and weibtcrn «lcclivity if the tahli*-]aml. m th«» 
lihy tract aloU); the ci4ft. enjoyHa fine am! temp'ratf cjuiiate, in intcrMTtod 
i.i:» an>i clnrnun^ vailcyc. ami ureiiontf* the appearaiicp, unusual tn the tor- > 
ic.ff cxif'Ufive and wi*l!-watereil ni«*adow<i. Thi.x ttTntory ha^ been marked ; 
no pheiiorm*na nf the ni'tf-t Htrikinff nature. On t!i<* 'Jflth of SfptenilnT J 
tVoui the centre nf a thouKiml pmall Kiirninir rone.-<, wai thrown up the vol-j 
if J •fuMo, a mounta.n of -"orm' »nd aithert, 17(M1 fret hiijh. In an extenfU-e 

covt-rtHl with the mu^t U^aiitilul vet^etation, deep hubterranenufl noi!»eff, 
i)Mnii^l hy freiquent earthquake**, continued for the space of fifty nr mxty 

On the niffhl of the •'■*lh of S^'ptemlwr, the Poundd reconitnencet! with 
iiry. that all the inhabitanti fled frnm the district. A larifi* tract of {rmund 
ecn to rior up and pwrll like an inflatinl bladder, ami Ppectatora re|h>rted 
hrou:rh<.Nit thi« npaco, flames were iM*en to iivue forth, and fraurnentii of h<im- 
ek^ were thmi%n up tn pmilifrinua lieif^htJt; and that, thmui^h a thick rlnud 
ea illunnncd by the vnlcanir tire, the ar>f\ened ^urtace of the earth appeared 
ive like an agitated notL The plain i;* i>till covenM with numertniK miall I 

►•mi Miff fiiTth from their cri'viroii a vapour, the heat of uhurh often ri.-w*^ to 

Fri'in ariMini; these rue ^ix lari^ hilln, of which the hifirhent is Jurullo, still 
!:7. and throwint; up immoiwo quantities tS Nrorilied and basaltic lava. The 
:irirc t<iwn in the f^tate m Valladnlid, with H.IICN) inliahitanK delif^htfullj 






ritut«J, U30U tiwt abovis ihe ws, wlior« miow nuuietiniw liitU. Thetc *rs vemal 

tininos Init main or llnt-nte TinKDiiuda. It liw wide clmn ■troaU, ■ uiajfiufio^i 
cmlicilnl, uul a hamUnmu pkio. 

Oii!ijw«uau> u one of itiu oiullnMl but lOttit populoiu of all One ■taloL It awn 
(U fjniw U Um gTMl minn of VntonoiaiM. diwciTcnNl Intii in (Iw bat ceittnrj, 
raund which ron odo of liie movt ■jiiuoiliiJ ciliea in IJie Now WnrbL Bptxv* 
l?1iO BuL leua, llku mmu yielded miver ti> tiio atnouBl uf J60JI0DJXM dolkrt. 
Siuue LliDt tltnu it ha* oiiflV-red n rrvciw dnlnriontinn from tba vflbcu of Um rrvo- 
lutionary contRct, and hu dodionl uln in cotwcijuoiico of the fiMUir ricftit 1/ 
lliu worliinEw, and tixe iuctetuttxl dilfn-'ulty of ctenrmg olT Uia ml^, 

Tliin Hdie alw cuolAiiM th« c«lotira(ed Bixio^ a rich pkia, h)«Uf rndtivaud. 
and prodtieiDg in [icrrRcUoa all the IruiU of Europe attd many tt Una* of irapical 
cuunlriaii Ttie Baxio b«caine liut ihcaire of many of thoM! benibi* stum* thai 
dulugod Mexico in Iiloud during (lie lUTolutioant; vlniggle. The capiul. winairi 
iu the midal of tho rich minii^ dintitat, i« built tta vary VMrnii ^OHad, aa4 ibo 
Rlrccta MO ofkm vsiy vteep; Intt tJu ImiUiiuaarc in genural hoa^oaM. and ■ 
(it' Ujc chiiidiiM ar« v«ty tiD»i«lia sUwadlffa, or poUie unatry, ui ianoM 
^jidr&»gulw <)dillc«, i» a r«iiurkablc object Tho pepuUtun nf the eity 
ucu^urbood kt* been reduood fitm 00,000 to MJXW in USO. 

Jajiocoi or Ouadalaxara, la an eniensiku KUtv, which baa Ihn invnrtanl *d' _ 
UtfO cf hiiie^ tntkpiW thiuufrbtut iu extent by the rivn urSaAtlnj*<j^ Uw Urv^M 
in the KHilhcra part ofilvxici). It appean tbat nitbin Uw kit tbiity yMn fetj 
imparlsul advoutjign ba> bvuu token ol' Ihia circuiiwtaju;* ; liM uahMtry ha* v^it 
rvpid prturrcat, (uul an active ojinuMircioJ «piTit prvvaj*. The capatki C)«»it»- 
ioxara. which, in 179^, »u mtioiatud to contain IS,5(N> iohabiUnla, ba»U-ri*- 
•nut <104XKI. U in n!|cululy hud out, with wide, Mraicht Mreebv Mid oontanw 
miuiy hnndmniti diurcbM und cu&votiU. Tlit) inuunliiui of Coluaa in Uiia Xrti- 
lory, PU(K> ft-Lt high, tlirun* out Hnolic and aaiim, and fbniM thit Weaum vUn 
Duty of the volcanic dm'm which Invcrvca Meiim fmn MM ta woaL 

Iliu liliDt nimm ul' BalaOoa in ihia Riatc rank amnnf the nohM in Meufn 
Sjau lUua, at Uie nculh of the rivvr. u a tnerv roa-Iateaa; (ba hoUioc bivuimI b 
bad, ood Uin nad if luucb e>pa^ Ui weatorly winiU. It la pnvbaJui ih* b^ 
uT a cbC not the luuiiUt of the riTar, and duiiiv a cortala aaaMn af tba yvmr, 
i« axtrenudy unhaallbr. Ihroujth nut in ao deadly a dftKtoe u Vara Orax : ani _ 
that tlmo Iho run falU in auch ti>rr>'ntii Uiut an ruuf can excliiiB ll, and la m !». 
paaaibla withsul ilanpr to go out inu> tlie atronti. At tlia tiaiiiwimMw ill mT (bH 
■wumi, thuKlure, a Hvueral miffration tsh** place ; and tb* pOpolallaB M ndwati 
in a Ibw dayi froui :iuu0 to i:jO. at which it rvnaUM itabooaiy until Uh nun of 
thn dry fuaaon. 

Topic, cigbtoon loimuaa fimn Sau Blaa, i» B hMgtiOi) town, fat Ibe niidal af a 
cultivaliiii plain, and ita •irooU, teKulatly laid oat, ara anlivi-ant by ibwi of Iree^ 
KaiiliQt, iwl tcTNCM. Thilhnr the penula of 8atl Blu iviHnB dttrios tb* aicUy 
anaaoD, at which linio the pupuloliun of fapie acaoDBla to vOllO vt UXOtU 



iiacalecaa. north and mat of G n ada l anra, W th> inkwl rMitr* of MeainK 
and (otty plain, «iu' - ■ .... . _ , 

th'i uiultiiit'ncy of lli 



ky plain, rnxuagly inipn^n)*''^ with oarbonale of «ala, and MAtine nsdat 
' ' climate. It Oorifw lU m^tb and dMiactNa auMy (has 



* lisiinc yioldnd in • ffxon limo a fr*M«r Mal«w tbaa any otboT bom kwwa 



BndDw tl 
VlliMnb 



floya 300 pnrwHia, and OOffM detlan ban bun ODlnad bam in Iwtw ty fewr hoaea. 
'h* total coinain in fmi yoara, IVimi IKt'l to IMtT. waa vpwuiM of U^OQCUDU 
doIhUK Ajpui Caliantca, which deiivM it« namo (tam iia mm aynM^ ia a 
pntl^ tuwo, in a fi^rtiU ilulrici. and wiUi a dallxbtful ctinBl*^ Th« MhaJkaaauv 



about 'i!0/HIU in number, uiny m aonni miuu&cUuac rraaniUo. niaiilnwta. ud 
Pmai, are mtnlnB lowna wltli from 12,0n0 to 10,000 inbahitanu. 

Oaxana la a fine atatt, aituatad n*«( Iho Iwilaraof GnntimiaU. The ^mw 
wd Niluteity of the climatir, tha IWtility oT ibn mU, and Uin nriin^ anJ vaiwi 



Sii MRXICO. 

la* TomMlipwi, nr New TVinpico, ncnr the monlli of Ihe lirvr. was inniM 
IBM, anil bw npidly iacreimod ou acrounl ot its couiuicrcul ■JvauUKss, wImA 
luie ■ItnctiHl Ibithcr iiitmbitRntJi of AllAinIr*. nncp rt pUco of KinH ituportuev; 
Tiini|i>ci> luu now aboiii SOOO intiEbiunU. hnt it Riflen under n w«nt of |<ad 
w>wr. The river i> uavigBble iar aaall voweli, BCI miW lo I'uiun^ a fitcae^ 
bmlod in ilie >iuU)r]i of' [hi? couqueit, uiil «till reuiirkaliW tur Uio remain* of kdk^ 
iu^-», weufxios, mill ulpnnil* tuund in iw vicmity. ritflliot norUi. <iu ibi> &&EaadMb 
i» the tK>n or f^la Id Marina, with antac trade, nnJ on thft Utl K<vt« ■> MftUMCW 

Aici^iulinit thv ttble-lnoJ to llie wcri of T&iiuiulipw, wu enMr lli« attw uf Su 
Luia I'otaii, which cunuina nuine uf ttio tichn'l mhtr iiiinn uf Mtutira. "nm »■ 
liftbitJint* uv dodoribod u imlufirioufi, »nil tliry nupply tb" •i>t«« »f Leva hJ 
Coithuila mlh clotb, huti^ wairinff ipptrel, iu^. The capiUl, of tb«> nunc mmb. 
i> E neat Hud w«!1-built Lawn, contiuninji n mint, and many imadtntan cfcurr A w 
uiil conventa, and it carrluii on an activa tni<l« willi the ioUmor. Indurac thi 

*uliuib«, it JH niil lu hnvu a popuUlina of &<>,00n. Calorcr, wbtae ntiava ■ '~ 

paswMl in riche* only by tiu»e of GuaniuEU&ln, i* built in a wiU and mgyaJ 
at Ibc foot of a drcorj mountain, lurroumlud by hagv bate laekt, MUUbr 
by di-op narrow nivinw. 

Tbe dlale of tii-w LM>n, \fing \o tho mn of the Sivrra Hadra^ ia f« 

elevntod above tho ncn lo cnj.17 a deliifhlful climaU. Moatanf, ttw c, . 

well-built town, with about 12,000 inliabilJinU, laaxxj of wlinai are waatthy Sfa^ 
iardi. Linarun ia aim a neat town, m a liiglily lullivated diMrlci, and bmu • pa- 
pulation uf 6000. 

We«[ and north of Now Li-on is the alotn (if f'oahuih, omniitwrte a c 

tivdy narrow (tact fouth of the NuL-cen, and bclwcon TVniaolipacaad Qu 

Its exttetuv Kiuthorn nart Uo« 00 Uia cuniral lablo-laud, and tint drc«i]r iMmtkia 
and barmn plain* in trie vicinity of HaltiUo pr««oni • Btrikn^ nr^tnA t» tha ft*> 
tile lund and huoriant hcrbaire of the Tiom Caliunlc of N<i« 7 ' " 

carid, formerly tialtilla, the capital, w a ntal town, with 12,UN) „ 

The whole of the uortb-oaatem p«u1 of New tSpain wa* oocsiiied bj Um •»- 
t/tnaive intendeocy of San Luia Pulon, which conpriaed Ihe tnovinciaa nf &■ 
Lui«, N«w Santaodar, New Laon, Criahuila, itai Teitaa; Uie bar ia«l-Mu>iad fc*B- 
itiK what ware tcmed the Internal Pnviocea of Uw Rack Only a amaU ^orUea 
of thi* vaat tract lyloff ou ita weaiem border, ii mounUinmi^ tbc gnmun latft b^ 
iOK low and lave), ana eontaininr extetuti'e piairiM. The camk m A ' ' 
faarbount. and u lined with lone, low, muniw inUnda of sand, fiminf % 1 
of iballuw lacDoni. The muutha of the rivtira are dImi blocfad dp hf 
TbiK intendvney ia nuw divided into four aUtce. 

fmceoilins o^ain into the liil«ti>ir, wn Ond the central laU^lawl rB-.upitJ hf 
the putea of Dnrnneo aed Chihuahua, fonneTtT cumpoMiK Um tnUndeasy vTNto 
BiKD*. or Damnip. " To tbo inbabituila uf th« aoiiAera ami eamrn} mr ia etmT 
aaya Want, " everylhlngr north of ilaealecaa b tern ineaetiUa, and iha mnOw 
la'euTprtaed, atler paann([ it. tn lUd an biprovemeDl ia tJia maMMI 
Mr of Tlio iohabilatiU. Durantfn, wham cKe dniua Ami l ia ani *l 
eonnidered a« the fcey of the wbola oortb, whi^ S paoplad bgr (be A 
a race uf aettiore fhnn the meet indnatriaHi pn»iii«a» «f SfWN (lliaiajr, Kaewm 
tnd Catakmia), who have prea tf rad tbaii kinod laiwWBiinaiad br Wf evaaa mith 
the aborifrinM, and who retain meet of the kabitt and fbelhtc* eCtMi brathifaaca. 
Thejr have nioeh byaltv and nnerMia AKitkRHa^ fTaat natitnl |«4lnMi^ aad 
eoaaiderable aetivilv both of heuy and mind. The women, inatrd of paaMc tWr 
daya In languor and idlena*, are aetirely amplB7«4 in aJbini ef th* ImwhMI. 
and neilncaa and conilhrt are Bowhera mi peat and jteneeal ae U iha aerltk A 
^tacleriatiee eirtond. with aoma local nodiAniioMs to Uae iiihatilMnm tf<i 
wliolo country fiwraerlf donominaled the Inieml l^vtneea tt UN Wh%< 
which DOW comfoaa the atatea ef Oaianfo, Chihnahaa, aad Beaen nl "'-' 
wlrii the Terrilariae of New Hoiloa and the CalifimiML In all IbMa tt 
popuUlien nradofniMln, and the IiHliane oeotinMn 



vUUna 
rOttnddi 



r their own, ■■ Iha Vamayaj «r Mara*, or boeerimr. like ihe Aaa 



dw oiriUud seltlemanbi, ami ■abaiattair Iiy the chaaiL" 'Aa h 



MKXIIX). 347 



iiHwt nuiiii'roiitf of tiiu aborigiual tribes in ihw quarter. Their territory m dcno- 
ininatt\l Ainchrna. 

l)uraii;?u ciJiitaiiiH li^iiitc rich ininf*8 uf !<ilvfT, which, with the airricultiiral pro- 
liuri*. rDinprijiiii); cittlo, iiiulosi and fchi*cp, cotton, cofli*e, aoff^r ami imliffci, form 
^ tlir wealth I't' th«* iiihabiiantH. The capital, uf the mmc name, is a wrll-buiU 
town, uith a mint, in which llic Milver ol* the vicinity in cain«*d. It contaiiu 
'J'J.UNl iiihabilanL*!. I'arral, tamruiH fur itjit rich Kilver niinoH, had once a pupuiation 
otTilUNMl; but the niinoii are now tilliNl with wati*r, and the population in riHliiced 
to TIMNI. Ill tho ntMt;iibi>urhii(id in a ci'li'bnitt'd lump ut'mallt^blc iron and nickel. 
The miiiOii nt* (fiiariMiiii''y and lialopilan are aim* nut«*d ftir their i ichni*M>. 

Thi: t-rnlral laMt>land may lie con.^idered ad nearly terniinatiiiif in Chihuahua, 
which concistd in \r.iTi ut'drVi unwioilinl plamd: the coil is here iiiipreifiiatiHl with 
carlNinatc ut'iiuda and salt|N'tri\ The capital, of the mine name, i8 well built, and 
cuntaiiic: Njfiic ctK'tly rhurctic'9, nii»nai»terieM, and other public etlificctf; but the po- 
piiatiun hari beon ^»Hlucl^l frmn TilMKlU tn r^(NH» in tin* year IKC). The rich 
mini*sj of Saiita Juialin, in itn vicinity, onci* yH'lde«i rUKKMNHI doilani a year. In 
I thi' western part of I'hihuahua, arc ihc Cuha> Cirandin*, or ruins of lar^fo isqiiaro 
huildinifn, whixM* sides arc acrurati.*ly rammed north and smith: a apace of several 
lcnL'u**H i»t covered witli these reinaina, cunsi>tini; of aijueducts and various otlier 
htmi-turps. 

The Siiniira and Sinalua is a vast tract Ivtni; between llie (lulf of Mexici) and 
tiie (.'olitradu on tiie Wi>t, and tliff llocky Mountaiiu: on the ea«iL The Muithem 
part only Ciintaiiis smut' whiti' inhabitant^ the centre and norlli beiiifr occupKii by 
vanoui* Indian trih*\*i, onmnf; whuiii are thf A|Hichi^ Sens, Vaipiis, Moquis. Mayns, 
S:c. Many k.A' them are (*ivili7.e«l and induntrunis. The southern part of the state 
bilun;;H to the Tierra Caliente, and ctm^isiLs of a vant sandy plain, destitute of 
; veirt^tatiiin. excrpt in the rainy s<*aM>n and tn bomc well-wateriHl spots. Furllier 
iiurtfi the t'liniate i> mild and aj;rAH.'able, and the land is pruliictive snd cmnprures 
s(iin«* Lieautitnl valleys. Ttie state contains rich silver mines; pold is obtained 
' tnaii wa.ohinj*)!!, ami aunreniiis coppiT ore abniimls. There art* also pearl HsherieH. 
Wheat, hides, furs, pild, silver, and cupjier. are cxpi>rted. (luayinas is mid to be 
thi' bi'^t harbour of M»*xici>, but the town is unhealthy, and the water brickiith. 
I'llir, or I't'tic, in the interior, is the rei»kl«Mic»* of the wealthy merchants, and is a 
plnre of conMiierablc trade, beiny; the dcfmt of articles importevi into Guaymas (or 
l'p)N'r Stinora and New .Mexico. The Ujwn is irregularly built, but it contains 
many i:*\k\ huusfs, ami aliout KKNl inhabitants. Alainoe is a place of about ItflOO 
inhabitanb*. havin:; in its vicinity sumc of the richest silver mines in Mexica 
Villa del Puerte is the capital of the state. Mazatlan lias a f^otMl harUmr, thu'iirh 
ex|si«4Nl to the s<iath-west winds. 

New Mexico is a fertile territory, situated on both aide* of the upper part of 
the Kto del Norte: it is sc^p.ir.tled from tlie rest of the world by inonniJiiis ami 
deserts ; that portion of it lyini; ea.<it of the river, is cimM.lered, by the Texans, 
a^ a part of their republic; but they h.ivi? hitherto hrfu rrpiiliii-il, in i!ii-ir ut- 
ti-mpls to pain possession r.f the country. ThtTe are ?«iiiiif v.i'iial»li' iiuiifii ol 
r pper; and from $(iO,(UKY to ft>«o,(H)U wi»rih of jrold is obiaimil evi ry year. 
.^.inia Fi>. the chief town, has (ilKH) inhabiunts ; it is rt^oru-d to by nu-rcbinis 
from Missouri, who crosft the prairies with ^ooils of vari<>ii«. kiiid^i; thtir tr.ide 
ti.io honiftimeH amounted to from $I,500,0(K), to 9'J,itfHMiO«) in valm* ; but ii has 
of l.iti' years declineti. 

I.owrr Tatifornia is a Ion<; peninsula in t'.ir T'.u ific, par.illrl to the contin*'iit, 
trmn wlm-h it is sepamtini by lis deep eull'. It *iij*'vs tin- iiit<st hi-autiful ^k\ in 
tlif wi>rlii : bill the soil is sandy and and. and only a few favmireil »p'>ts prrsi nt a 
Ir.iri* of ve^elatirin. There an* about 7(NM) Sp.ini.iriU an>l cunvfrttMl Imiiaiio, ;intl 
41MKI Hivap'4; and it is n^'t suppr^sed that the popuLiiion ran evi r be uici'h 
irri'JtiT. The mission;* have bren ni"slly bri'lrn up Mnre ihi* n-volution. Lfnto, 
onrp a place of some note, now contains about 'J.'tO inhabiiantii. 

Newer I'pper t'alifurnia \h a raM tract i'\!rndinu north from Lower t'llif-'riiia 

in the lat. of 4*J . A lofty ridifi* of mountains runs alon'j its wi'stern siJi>. n >t far 

from the sea, forminir the proloni!aiion of the mountains of lUo (M-nin-ula, and 



24H GUATEMALA. 



■ extending north beyond the Columbia. Alonf^ Uie coast the Spaniards ha%'C esti- 
blikihc'd s(.>iiie iniBsiunH, and turmcd some scHtloments of whites. The tbrmer aro 
now rapidly declininc^. There are twenty-one establishments, containin^^ about 

i 7(KK) converts. They are oflen forced to join the mi82«ions, but they arc k:ni!ly 

■ treiitcil, and well fed ; they are, however, not allowefl to leave the settlements, , 
:and the surplus of their labour belongs to the missionaries; the missions have 

j about :3(M),(X)0 head of cattle. The climate is temperate and healthful, the land 
is well watered and well wooded, and much of it is tolerably productive. The 
! const has t«ome excellent harbours, amon^ which is that of St Franciscit, which 
affords perfect security to ships of any burthen, with plentiful supplies of fresii 
\ beef, vegetables, wood, and fresh water. The exports are hides, tallow, manteri, 
'and horses, to the Sandwich islands, grain to the Russian e:>tablishmciits at Sitka 
I and KcHitak, and provii^ions solil to whale-ships. The imports arc salt, lumbor* 
dry goods, and silks. A number of Americans now reside in Upper (*alifomiat 
chiifly ill the vicinity of San Francisco Bay; they are engaged in romnnerce, 
Iraflic, and agricnltiire. Euii'^rants from the United StaU^s are constantly resort- 
ing thitlKT ; so that probably in a few years, the majority of the white inhabi- 
tants in t!iu lerritory, will consist of citizens of that country. 



GUATEMALA, 

OR UNITED STATES OP^ CENTRAL AMERICA. 

I The republic of Guatemala, or Guatimola, occupying the narrow tract between 
the two great masses of the continent, has, in virtue of its position, assumed the 
title of the United States of Crntral America. 

Guatemala is bounded on the south-east by the republic of New Grenada ; on 
the north and north-eaift by the Mexican States, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Ca- 
ribbean Sea ; and on tlie south and south-west by the Pacific Ocean. Measured 
j by an oblique line from one extremity to the other, it may be 1050 miles in length ; 
; but the breailth, from sea U) sea, nowhere exceeds 500, and in some places i« only 
; KM) miles. The surface has bc?en estimated at !;2(NMKK) H]uarc miles, which, 
! though it ap{>ears small when com^Kired with the other American states, is nearly 
double the whole extent of the British Islands. 

The surface of (suatenmla do(?s nut display tliat lofly and rugged character 
I which generally marks the neighbouring portions of the American continent 
I The chain of the Ande:^, which raises such a tremendous snowy barrier tlirough 
' the grfatcr part of the continent, sinks in the isthmus of Panama into a mere 
I rocky dike, connecting North and South America. Near Nicaragua, it aeenis to 
I become little more than an insensible ridge, sloping down to the shores of the 
I oppofiito oceans. Proceeding north-west, it soon rii^es and presents to the Pacific 
j a lofty range, in which are twonty-one volcamM»s, partly burning and partly extinct 
I The lotliobt, called the volcano of (luatemaln, lieing rovered with snow tur several 
months in the ye^ir, cannot lie much h*HH than KMKHl fc**t high. Hence Guate- 
mala, tlioiigh it duos n<it present a continuous tahle-IaTul, like Mexico, has high 
mniiiitnin valleys, enjoying a C(ni1 and agreeable air, and proilucing the grain and 
the fniitM of the tiMnperute zone. The eostern part, swelling soniewhtt mto the 
form of a pf.Miinsula, and known by the name of Mo:<iiuiti:i, or the MtKquito slior»!, 
coiHJ.Hts of a vast and savagr^ forest, beat by the burning rays of tlic sun,axid occu- 
pied by tilde and unsulidupd Indians. 

Till? wat'TH whirh drsn-nii from the .An«h*s of GuatiMnala fall into one or otlier 
' of thi." o[.|X)<iti' iKV'ans ami ih> not swi'll into riv«'rs of any im{iortnnc** ; but there 
. i-» OHO rrr.iini ntjiitniiis f.'atnre, ihr I^iko of Nicaragua, 15(1 miles m l<*nglh« and (W 
in lin'a«lth. anil liaitnir aliiiu'^t iliroughoul a depth of ti*n fathoms. NuiiH*nm? 
streams How ing Irmii flifTiTi'ni tjuarteri*, torin this great bmly of water, which has 
only OIK' niitli't in tin* rivir San Juan, which IIowh fnun it into the .Atlantic. The 
Hirfari' (»r the lak*; in 4!i\rr>iliiMl ami adorned with Miinll tbiaiids, in one of which 
is a \<'!<:iiiir niuiiitaiii. It roiiiiiiuiiicatob by a navigable channel of 2tl oiiles. 



UUATKMAI.A. 349 



\%iih a f(niAl1«*r lake, calleil the Lake dt* I/^ui, uhich may almost be coutfulL'rt.*«l aa 
a liMtK'li 'if lU :iii>l Lf Trtl :iitii's Um^; by l^i briNul. 

'I'M" prmiiirtivi? qiiiilitii'.s ot'(fU.iti'mala arc, it' powtiblo, Huperiitr even tu those 
>•!' ii' II r ( ii:iii'ri>-i iii Ihn triiilUil rlimatr> uf America. Like Mexico, it yii'lds in 
•iiiiiTiMil ri';riim>*, uikI at sm:\\\ (ii.itniiros truiii each other, nil the vanetiiM ot' Iruil ' 
iiht iiT.itH |»«*cuit.ir Im the tropical and ti'nipi^rate zmieri. Of truit-s beveral ut' the 
'ifk*. v.'ihi.iblt* an* pnxiuceJ in tin' hi}rh*'i*t (M^rlrction. The iiulii^i, which lurnis* 
• > . .ri'i* a fk-irt ut the coinniiTce al' Mexicii, is aliiiiwt entirely (iuateiiialan. The ! 
( .f-.iit ui' SdHtU'iricu i!* said to lit* thi* \(*ry tine?t in the wnild, tliDUffh it ih ciilli- 
v.'i'.ftl oil Uio .xriiall a foaIc lu eiili»r mtirh iriti» the market of Kiirupe. Vanilla, ' 
K i\M'v<'r. t)i«' iiliicr in<^ri'(lieiit ot' clnirohitts is procured to a f;n?at extent tVoui this | 
i;<iLrt*>r. Sii:r:ir, chiton, ciicliinfal, iiriho:;nny. oiid dye-u'<iiidf<, an* al.<i<) ex;Mirtt.*d. 
i':i>'p> ari- iii-tiiiiliicturr.-* ut' (Vittnn niid fMirceliiin, hmiic of ihriii fine, but only tor 

: inli'nnl t'>>n-iimptinn : ninl the fnbruTH iii wron;:ht j^ild and mIvlt art* foiid ti» {mih* ! 

' >•■>> i^riMi iii'Tit. .\:« til (*omiiii*rc<', ifuatenmla laUmrv under th*; dit^tlvanlAjri* of 
!fti i.iviii:; nn «:i!!i<'r «H:eiin a fiiirt capiible of n'f-iMvm^ lar>;e nhi^w; and iL^ com-! 
iiiiiil:Meti )i.-ivo t>t lH'.ir a he.ivy land-carriage, aiul a cooiftui'^ vuya<;t*, befori* they 

ir.rri\"al V»t.'i I'rii/^ 

(■•i.tlfiiiai I alK'und^ in mines {nrticularly nf vilver; wnm^ of uhich have been 
•iniIiTtak<-n hy nn Kn!;li.»ft rmniviny, in liic expt*ct:ition of their pruvinff productive; 

: l-i? !li»» ft^iili i-* yot unrertAin. 

i*.iniiH ari' iiiliirally nn iinilrrtaknii; b«*yi)nd the inl'ant re<(oiircednf (iiiatemaU; ! 
!>iit one >• 111 roiiiiMiipiiilMn, wjiu-!i, if exmiti'd. will bo thn ;rreale!<t ami mc^t iin- 
Ihirint woik of this kind on ttie \:\o\n.*. Tina m n canal to coniicrt the Atlantic 
Hit l'iiri?:c% navi::.'ililt> tor the lanje^t vt*ii<i«'ls i^y as to ennhlc Eiirop'^an vcse4.-lH tii 

i I IT. I 'I (*hiitri and partsi of India by an caaior an«l more direct courts*. — thux cniiriing 
an iui}iiTtant rt'inlution in thi' co;mnercial world. It will. proUibly, be iindcr- 
vihi.Mi ffuin thn Likt* of .\ieara;;na, which coinniiinicatea with tiin Atlantic by the ' 
ii'>-ii! rhnnncl of tii«* Sin Junn, nnd m H>[Kiniti*ii I'rom tii*^ I'ncifir by an inr<^rval 
• •:' from Mxtecn In tw«'nty mileft in lireaillh, thnniifh whirli it M*em!< crrlain t'l.it t 

' •:•"«! !>-vrl cotild In* toiiiHl. To ev'Tute, thi'rrtore, a ran:il of the dimrnsionH of the 
('rili'd«inian, !•«, even at present, completely within the r'noh i*f imman tkill and _ 

j ri-^airi'i'ii. It 1-^ an iindertakinL' nidtH>fI, winch do^a not beKinir to the !^lVern;Ilent . 
uithin wh>«u* liriiit.'i it la placed; and, thoni^h the capitah.xta uf North Amrrica or 

' I Iiiro{h> wmilil tin*! iio dilhriilty in pnividini; the t'ondn, tip' piditiral a(inu6phere of 
('•'iitr.i! America is scarcidy yet no m'ttlixl. that thi'y mi);!it li>>k ti>r-A'anl with tiill 
r.i:jri«I*'«ici» to com{K*n^ition tor th«* lirjje advanren which wniiM Im' noi'<'>-iry. 

] Th*' (lopiilution rinn<»l be roiifuienil rh widl aM'i'rtained. ItdiM*d n-it tall nhnrt 

! of 'J.fKilMilNI. Alioiit one-half of the whole number are Iiidian.s one-titlh whitea, ! 

' and Ihretvteiitha mixeil rnce*. There are no nejjroea in the country. 

The :vovornm«'nt h liilfrnl republican in ita form, bi^in? inodellfH! on that of the 
l'n:t»'.l Stat*"*. A finh^ral conurt*s«^, conifiosi^d of a wnnle an I hmisp of p'pre'itMit. 
al:ves c!io«MMi the jitter by the pxiple, tJir former by tht* !i7ateM. and a prr-idi-nt, 
ni^> ch'k'en by the (M^'nilar vute, inana|;e the {reneral conceriirt uf the conti>deracy. 
Kri<'Ti Kinte haa itj< ri*>i)iectivc lepslaturc and executive chief fur the alilnInl^tra- 

' l:i :i iif ila domestic alliiira. 

! Tn'» territory of the republic, lojjether with the pre.-wnt .Mexican slate Thiajvia, 
;iiriiii*«l the S^nntbh C3ptaiiicy-;;eneral nf Uuatemala uiitil ]*^J1. when it waH incor- 
imfrtied with Mexico. On the fall nf Iturbide, in I'^OI, it HepamttM itM^lf trMn 
tt:>' litter, and con!(titut*Nt itaelf un ind«^peiident repnblir. nmier the l.ile of the 
!*• 'lirni Republic of I'entnl America. The conttHlernry conaiKti of live hUitea, 

.ant u federal district, a# tullowa. 

I 

I Hiatf« pi-ipuliiliin r.ipiral 

r^iitrinal-i H(M),(M10 < lid (iuatt mata. 

San Salvador .VjIMJOO Swi Salvador. 

llondiinH *J50,iM»0 ( omayairua. 

(%Mta Kir.i IM.fMM) Son Juan. 

Xicara!,'«»« 'J.^n.lHHI I^m. 

Fi'iUr-il I)i!>trii.t, .N'rw (>iiaK.'niab. 



;.M» 



:i50 GUATEMALA. 



Guatemala Proper is the central province, comprising^ the great chain of volca- 
nic mountains, and the slope downwards from them to the sea. It is here that 
the great variety of climate and productions appears, and that the latter are in the 
highest perfection. What is strictly culled the valley of Guatemala consists pro- 
^'rly of nine valleys, of varying elevation, cncUnted within the great circuit of 
; volcanic mountains. In the centre of this range of valleys, at an elevation not 
i precisely known, stands the old city of Santiago de Guatemala. It was erpcted 
first in 1527, at the foot of an enormous mountain, called the Volcano of Water 
(de Agua), and which too soon justified that title ; for, a few years afterwards, an 
aqueous eruption burst forth, of the most formidable character, which overwhelmed 
the whole city, and buried in its ruins a great part of tlie inhabitants. Appalled 
' by tliis disaster, the Spaniards removed the city to another situation in a beautiful 
and finely watered valley, which yielded in profusion all tne necessaries and luxti- 
\ ries of life. A new town, also called Santiago de Guatemala, was here erected. 
But the site, with all its felicities, had terrible defects. It was liable to dreadful 
shocks of earthquake and volcanic eruptions, which rendered the existence of it? 
inhabitants constantly insecure, and their fate oflcn tragical. In the above suc- 
cession of calamities, severe attacks of pestilence were interspersed. At length, 
in 1775, the series was consunmiated by a truly appalling earthquake, the sh«:k« 
of which, contipuing at intervals from June to December, reduccxi the city nearly 
to a heap of ruins. The S|Ninish government, on being advertised of this disaster, 
sent out instructions to remove to another site ; but this, perhaps well-meani. 
order, being executed in on abrupt and despotic manner, only aggravated at fir>t 
the miseries of the unfortunate city. New Guatemala was built in the valley cd' 
Mixco, in a situation not so fertile and beautiful, but extremely healthy, and' ex- 
empt from tiic dreadful calamities of which the old city haJ been a victim. It 
was reared in the usual regular manner and with numerous squares; the houses 
are neat, though low, to mitigate the danger of eartliquake ; the churches ami 
other public edifices on a smaller scale, but of very elegant design. The citiKen.> 
supposed to amount to 5(),(KK), ply, with very considerable diligence, the trades of 
weaving, pottery, working in silver, and embroidery: its chief articles of traile 
arc indigo and cacao. Old Guatemala likewise has risen from its ashes, and a 
great proportion of its exiles have gradually ftjund tlieir way back to their former 
abode. Having attained a {mpulatinn of 18,000, it has been reinvested, not with 
the privileges of a city, but those of a town. 

San Salvador, to the souUi, is the capital of the state of the same name, wliich 
. contains above 300,000 people, and fnrins a very rich tract, yielding most of the 
; indigo which is titc staple of the kingdom. The capital, in a fine valley, con- 
; taincd, in 177^, a population of lU,(Ht0, ehiefiy omployed in the imligo trade. A 
I variety of volcanic movements desolate this province, while they present curious 
phenomena to the view of the observer. 

The state of Nicaracrua lies to the south of the preceding. The territory is 

rich in all the tropical fruiti*, hut in none which belong to the temperate climes. 

', It has, howei'cr, vast savannahs cover<Nl with nunii*rous herds of cattle, which are 

' sent even to the market of the capital. But the most prominent object in this 

j province is the lake, ami the ciiief interest exrite<i iiy it is the imijected oceanic 

• canal; both of which ha\t* been already mentioned. Ix'on, or Snn licon de Ni- 
; carasrun, in a place of nlxjut *JO,()(X) inhabitants, of whom about 1000 are SpanimnlA, 
' with a college, which in H12 was allowed by tlie Cortes to bi* converted into an 

I univ«Tsity. It occupies an advantagifous posjition on the norUiwestem shore of th«* ' 

• lake of the same name, which cominuiiirutes hy its outlet with !<ake Nicaramin. 
I Fourteen leairne.M distant is the fin<* harlmur ot* Kealejr> in the Pacific, separat*Ml 

only hy fi h'vel country over wliieh thiTe is a i:o«mI roml. Nicaragua, on the Uke 
of the >;une luiuie, is a town of alxuil NMN) inhuhitants. Its port is San Juan, at 
the iniMitli of till* navii;ahle outlet of the lake. 

' ('ifc-t.i Kiia, or the Kieh Const, to llie w»uth of Nicamijua, seems nam*^! ironi- 
cjilly, ln'Mi;'' in u state of extreme and d«'plonihIe |Hi\frty. It is vurv eajwlMC, 
howe. • r. iif vieMinir the nuiinion tmpiral priKlucts; but the innxids ot the UtW' 
rnnerrr* ern.-Mii a de'».'rti«)n, from whieh it has never recovered. Cartagm how- 



TIIK W»cr INDlfrX 951 

rviT, in UiP heart of the province, has a piipuUtton of 'JiMHK) p«.'rK^n.«, of uhum 
; IMMI are, or wen*, S|xiiuar<l0. 

! Ttie oahtom part of th(* republic consift!! of tlic ^tato of Hnmhira^, ni named 
. iVi'iii the |«iMitn<*iila which heparatt*ii it friMU YiK'nt.-in. The* whole i'll.1^l is flat, 
: iu:ir-«hy. hot, anil extr* iiiely iinlieallhy, tliuii>;li Munf p.irt.'< of tht* interior riH- into 
iiiily :iii<l teinftenite tracu*. Thl^« r(>;r>«'ii is cmvitimI with thick tnr«>t.s contuinin;; 
\\i** valnahle tree.-* of niBh<i*;any and lnuw.Kni. Tin* m.-ihoifaiiy in-es are very 
th.nly ("catleriHi. and are ciitdo\%n hy ^'"aiiu'** of nt'irr «■<':'. pri*C(il(.-d l>y what h called 
th<* tinder, who nioiintj« the inpst of the hii^hot tr«'ff>, ami .^pie-i cut vvitere a iitahc*- 
iT-my trt'e is to U» fuunil. The chief i'xp«*nx* is in lh«' cnnvey'ince t(i liti' C'rfibl. 
'I'liri'p* is fiinnd in abundance aUmt; thi:* shun*, (iidd and silver iiihk's iin* ^ald to 
e\i>t hrrt', hut noiit* hivi' evr Immmi worked, or cvfii found. Ci m.-iva'^nn. ralli*d 
.iImi Valladoliil, h a^refithly Mtualnl in the in(«'nor; hut, thi»u£;h the noiituml capi- 
tal. It h.is ufver attaineil any ^Tt-nt nii|ii*rtanc*'. Truxdhi, ami i.'ape (iran.i^, are 
jni'iri* conspictinuH pl.ic<'s, hut iit>w' al.->«i inurlt dt-raycd. Oiikki, witit a l'i>"<1 har- 
lii>ur, hrL« Hiiiif tradi.'. The cultivatmn of Itibncro. nmt the rearm;; of cut lit*, furm 
the princi{Kil cx'cupatums of tiie iiiliabiLinU of lloiiduMs. 



Tin: \Vi:ST INDIKS. 

TiiK WiMT Imufk con.*isl of an Brc!ii|H'l'(!.Tn of l.ir;,»»* and tini' islands, .-i!ii:ite<l 
in ihi* wid<' interval f>f m-i lieiwrcn Norih and Stuth Aiii«-r)ca. TlH'ir r;rh pri>- 
duits, tln'ir hi;;h cullivalnn. and the \fry >inL'uI;tr I- r:n of si-:;riy e.\ifctiii',f in 

|l!iiMi, have romh'rfd ihrui in nnnh-rn tiiii«'« {Mru'.inriy inli-n'stini;. 

Ti;i'-i' !.-Iini!-i evtPml in a hjn'cii> of rurvt'd j-'io, tir>t fast, ami th<'n south, lic- 
L'lnMiii:; m-'ir lh<* fouthi-rn ;iart of Ok* I'mii'd Si.iti>-, and tiTininatin:; at thi^ coast 
I i Siiiili Ainer ra. U'-ar the nnHiih « f ihv t Jritiiwu. 1 'n ihi* east ami north liiey 
:if Imumh'd by thi- Al!:uitir; tin tin' soutii, th«- ('.irilitM-nn .'^e.i H-jhirati-s lh*ni from 

■ l!.*- Coast of Colondiwi; on tin* wi'rt. th*' bnud t-\[ii4iiM> of tKe (iulf of Mtxicn m 
nit'r{hi^*d U luiTU thfiii and lliat p-irt of (hf ctuitUH ut. TUr lar^'Pst are tlio»G 
uh.(-!i eMond from ihi' (aulf of Mivmcu faslward; C'ldia, liayti, Jamaica, audi 
l*i'r{ii Kiro. Those which run fniiii north to HMilh an- Huiiller ; but many ot'them, 
a^ ISur!>-idiH>. Marii.'nco. (ii!adu!uu{N>, Triiitdai!. ar** very Mii|iort.'int from thfir fer- 
t.'.i'y and hj';ii c>iliiv.iiinn. Tn> Ufti-r fwut i I" iho :;r«»up is frn;ui'niiy cnilcd the. 
NViudwanl Islait.!.-, fruiii U'in^ i'\|*»«»nl to th*' u.r»i'l m-tion of t!ie trade wuuls, 
!•: iwui:; ni'rir« thr Allaittr ; lh"V aro nanit-d n!.o Pif Anlilli-s, and fri-eiii nllv the 
t'lfiliH-r |>!aiii{.-, from th** ii.ini'* • f lli«' i»o[.lf, i-ailn, Cirilis, I>(;ud ihi'ie by the 
df^*o\t'ren«. Ari-a of :dl th** itl '.imK frmn liiijuhl 1 1 Iihi.ihiO Ai{uarr nub h. 

.MounlAins of conMiirrable elevation diversity each of thefrt; islands causinif 
ihi til to res«-nddi7 llii* i !•^vallHl r*'niains of a jiortion of the continint, w hicli some . 
n uviiMon hap overwhi'liiied. (lenerally hp»-ukin;5, 1li» interior i*- ci-mi)i«^:d (if a 
r:i:i.'<' or ^'HHifi, .Hiini timed of little loore than a siiil'I'' ni>>uulain, the ^!op1•<9 of 

' w>t.4 h. ar.i! th*' plain at its I'itI, constiiufi* lh*> i-lind. 'li.o imn'l i-b-vatid iM'ak.o 
ot I'l.'..!, llavti, and JaiJi.i.ci. fxi-i'*ii HNNl t'i'> t , wiidi* i::i' hi'dii-M mmhucL* uf lh<' 
\\ .:i l.vard l.'-Iands nin;;e fn<iM !>(NN) to KNN) f<rt. Mi>.-1 if iht ;•*• • ;ii:nfnci'.*> tiikvc 

• v....iiliy U'i'u tlM» »i*at of v^'icanii' action; l.i;t tii;> aps^-irs to have ca.-t'd m nli 

• •l' ihi'ii,. « \cept the Soufriere of (iuudaloU|M', wimh sliit I'.vliitnts S4>me faii.t imir 
t'.-i;."Us I if it. 

*l'l..' iliuiilc i»f till- Wrs: Ii;dif .H i-i, f»r a j;rr.ii p.irl f.f :I.i- vi.ir, in. I.! am] j-li j- 

s :.: ; ili*- lit-.ii hi ni j in soiur d* i!r«'f m kJi r.iird by ili»- tJi.jf-riu l-,ij_'!h-« *i \Uv 
I 1.1 j{ii*. and bv r'-l'r'"»l<i:. ' s» a hr» I /• •'. Th- -••.i-'U'» ..:« .:.^ . i» ■! :.iivii i n li-.*- wi-i 

ill.-: til- lirv ; ?•!•■ I' nm r. « .■••«irriii„' in ^l.iv .ihl i 'ft ■«>■ r. .:• f si, ri i-..|.t:n'. u ■•!» ; 
I, -.ji ■. li iruii t .1- n •'I ' f Iff \i .«r, tin- skv i- «!i .r, .tti-i i >•- iijiits .in- r« tn-irk .Me 
I. f r ilirir hr.Ii: si.-y. lu liit- iii'.' rv i':. 1 1 ;w« • i. \\*v n.. ii'.li . . f V i-^'t.-i .n.d * In. brr, 

I ■ W rsi l..i .ii-lin'!-* .ij»' '« UK iiaifi vi»ili il Ky •.•!.'.!■ ■■ -'. riiis *r hi.rrir int-s. 

'[' ■■■ V art- III J' •.' r.il jtri'i"!-;- ! by .t pr.it'oiiiid i* ilm : ili."» i- •%■-. u f. i:t.w.-,i \t\ hjlii- ! 

IK.: and tl.ui.i- r, ran . li.ni. and iiipt ui>>i.^ b! ioi< •! wii..l. wiiti'Si uiovr with 



THe WetfT IKDIBS. 

iiivt«'<4il)|i' ABitlaaM. I'UiiULtiiHiii, fon-nm, and hoiwwi, at* Afto* ■«>pl : 

bcfi'tv (hrir *iulmcBi nbicht Iiowutm, in of uliorl duiaiicn. 

i<' V\ w,\ Inilim nliRUdd in nmrly all thf piuiIuciioiiH <if mnn ctlniKi**; •)<• 
ijul Ciiiiu ikrc aranjEta, Umonii, pit<«-Bp|i1«j, piwpnni, liaiiuiB*, pbotudai 
nidiiiiio, ynaut Indian ci>r[i, tiv., nK rulututvJ for rirod; ind (agVi ot0M> 
I, culiua, indigo, tobacco, ailipice. &Cm fumi>h imporUBl BtttflKa of 
Ik Thu fiiriMla coDlaiii malicigsiiyi li|[DUDHvil«, iiou-wnol, tnil allur « 

iMAfiil In ihn nru. 
TtiB naliTe new uf Uicki:' UIhiuIb are now nMfl* cxtittut. When firal dlMtmiri 

ti> l)>n S|in>iiiir.Iii, ilirj w.ro iiihahllrd ty two ditclucl oruum i iha Arrowaaki, 

pliil iliii IiHliAfna» hikI ilif lii.iii Anlitlcsi and llic C»ritj>i, • Ccrm mil iradtk* 
»'. iiitiikliiU d Iho iniTP i^ulln'rlv UW. Of Uio lUIVT, It few indtvitlusb 
ill lo tin l'i.uni! inSt. VicoenluiiJTriMdftd. 

Tim proMiU jinpaluidn t* comnMnl i)f «rr«ra1 dlfClnnl r\M*i*. btlwern kIvm 
■vaTc«lj an; ■juijisifij ciicu; the; compriw wKilM, o^gtu «I«*m, rmandpaiid 
nw|{mM, bin! oiiiliitinrii. Tbu whiifi cuntiti of Buro|i<i*tu lod r.-nnUt, nr wUim 
bciro in lbs Weat Indie* : in ill ihd idandti, milt oo« rxmpliitin, I^ny arc thr 
muuis, and poMuM all ths juiwcr and propcrtv. Tbe kliTt* ronn tim diiiil' 
hulk cf llm eopuUqon, sxcopi jti llDytj una llie nrltiih ialatid*, and un th« d*- 
■crndinla ot iliTtrs originaij]' brauslit fnnu Africn. Ilia cmaiNii|ial«d n a u t iw * 

' nbuinnd thiir frnnloin «itli*T \f Ivginlallvp Kuotmoii, ss In Uie BtM«* 

lira; by tli« axviL-iw of tiunnfrii^Rl fuicc, m in llnylii fij nMimm! 
ijlh Uip biTuui of mavipri. wbii lind concelvMl iin vllnirliin'tii tn ibrn; or 
M by ihv iniluiiriou* rmplDjimrni of thrlr 1ri>um bc»ir*. llm n>uUttw^ 
&(■-, (invi- bcnn pTwiuTf-d by InUnruune b«[Tti-en Itie while and bbck rir««, t^ 
an neTvt cnfllaTuil, Thu yepnlationof all tli» Ulaml* inbuni 3.:iO>j,flOO. 

[|.V i>n Art uf ihe Etrillkli ('nrnamml. pBuml in 1^3, iKn tlnxv wnxs ra tb» 
11,1 urAoifun l^3t, roadit *ppnniiiiml hhuunra; In rvnllii'ii ^"rli » pm nf (Ihw 



mbrd thdn tb« enm t>l' UO milllnn* uf pound* •It-riinfi cr n-^irlt 100 Biilliw* of 
ilnnati.iif B rmnpcna^ilioo, pnjnbl* in urrUin Kird prnpartiaiTB. *i-rn>>llnf u aaeh 
Euilony •hnulil ha s«t<wliilni>d in havr pompUKl wilb Ihn ieni» rj th* Aet. 



nd ill* Bihrt tolanJa, fay whlck ill Qw 
■laiT« or ipprvnlirNl Inhonren wtjt llbrralnl in Uium uJiuda en Oia In of A*- 
ipial IKSfl. 

'rbe lutntl nT IhL* imporlani Dinimre !■ not yri Taiily untruinrd ; llm aeMi 
|HiMUh*d a« far, am, fur tlm mmit part, nunlredklAnr : ami (lie iioiMtiuii Imt' 
~ - ' au niaah af a partisan rfaanrlur, Ibal tl i* diMi-uli to srriia al any 



ruluritni|{ lb* ^ 
ita^aMnur*. Mafty 
inw *liso«i 4ln«Ml Inr wml hT 
mount of tapurlaUi mM*« t*. ia 



b 



nrjfniM uni ailmltird la baio •rtrd grnprally 
amnanpnuoD ; in Jamatm. ^ ' ~ ' * 

becniiiir .tpjall pttipniilrr- — 
urv iiidiilrnt, ;tii J trfuif i 
fiinix'tly H..II rutUv>a.. 

Iflbounn: nri.i li mi. 

viniv|Ucnor, >■ ,; y^n-.ii 

Th* conkinvri-'a or ibr \^ r>i li.ili'-n ■• ^ir.iirr (n rKcnt, than to an* dbrr 
try of itin lame wanlih arvd ponuUlliin, in Ih* mtmM. Tlw ■■luw ot ib» m 
la pnbably nol lp*a Ihnn 'i tniltlona vrdollan annmlly; Ih' tinuuna am i 
mot* tban baKUiat •numnt. Thv i^alMi inihi la wtih (ireai llrikin, m 
llnii'il Sum, and tbn Ilritiik Nmtli Ammean mlonira. Fr«Mif> SpMM, tn4 
Ihn ilanar^iiKtrn lia>« >lau pncb a mi*ld<>nlil* tiwde. 

■f miii'lwi iif rxp^n » w — i| f»r, eiih*, him, u*aiw«i. 



Till-: \vi«sT iMiii:< 



z.VA 



If •■ ! • ' 



I'l.'.' . ' .ii-j«u*«*, iii.iii»-:j.iiiy. ! 'iiw . I ■!, \;.'. 'I'm- i.u:»-ri<» .ir 

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I; ... ! I- i mil- 1 Sl.iti • ail. I ^•n:l^il \»iii ri-.i. \'ii»*riiM!i lio.iif^lii* -i l-t ■•■•'• 
\ i*. .■% I »!• \ .i:l:''l»^, iri- .;lsii i!ii,» .rl.-'.. 

I'; • I .': .1. :-! ■ 1 i:.'* W t ••. ImJit •», \v .',\, :i,r i v ■» ;ti u > I \\ i\M r.! M .' ; .r.l i. 

• '. j: • ! • i!.'!* niil I! .:■ |" »ii luiii ii-. .tn-l ;ui i-n«i« r lin* •• 'ntr'«i . i / v« r.i r> .tji- 
:■ ..,!• I :"\ !!i ■ p.iwr.''. !• wi.i It l:,i v fi 'j»- "''ivi Iv !•• 1 ■ z- '•• •' ''^•^ •*•"' *"'" 
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.■« :i.-- :• ..• i 'II il:«- ■•.■!.• '.i:. ill •» J •' l!.'- iii'ii -r •■':r.ir\. Tip- .« vi r.-l : ir is h.t\r 
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•. ! 1.. -■ . ; ■%..« ..1 !..i*- .:'." ■ .1 li ii*' ' ; f» IT* ••♦ ..' III'. I "•• •!. •»'ll liV ll.«* ti. .••• . 

I . • a 

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\i.' r.i t. ^U'-. i*. .. li.'jii •• iiiM.tr-i I. ih'l j "'.I'.i '-I'l 1. 1. }■•::. I. I- ; \' i ^j'.iuj I-'ii^ 

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' ;i ! I ' :l«. !.i ■■.'• • •-• ■:.!:;. :ii h- r r i.U< \\i\U :.. r r- v \u ! «■ ' :. • -. Ii 1TT-.tli»' 

-.■....:,- • :• .• ;>I t;. 1 ..'li t.nii .1 I "--'•.::.'•-.'.■•! I. .r^ ; .ii ITl- ?. ' ■ ! J''.'.l'l ^ '. .I.j:-; 

.1 ■ ':i I -::»'. ! • '.• !• •- !'i m -.*«7 •-*..'» I •* '!< I'l.*':. ;i -..:.» •,•••:•:■• ■ \ ;.'. -f 

• !" I •••' .1 ! TN hii „'•!' !iis . r Iv.r |'«'. TIm- i-.f. ■,'. ••-■ •••' ■■; I'j' 1 *.)• •••- 

-• ; > wi'.li - '; r -j.-j '.i;-!"' h< i.. »}.,. 1 1.'.!. ri. if :!.• 'j:- ; \N -t I. '. .» •". t]!'-*, 

-• . ' .u. i i*'t'*i ••; '" f.*' ♦ n lT«i«i .II..1 ITtiT. !!i' • \p ■r!'. !' -.;.:■.:. j ti ■! : « • ••■.ly 

• .-.Tii.ttiMi III-. : 111 l-:{-J. till y i \«-«i' !• -i •J.'»",»H'M.iniii ;!.,. l.l • ». '.' I f V. i.ly 

-n ■ tVt* |.I II ! i". 't.H ,'u tin* i-il.iinl ; in I**-'?, t* . V .i- • i.t I r ■ .' 'I'T. 

I' f !•■ I--.-' - !i...\i- ».. ..fi ! ;k« 11 -rill, p j-,.! .•: :.•:'<*■'■..::'. !i J •.'•' f !' "'i:.^. 
/.-• .ril r.--.'!*: !n ITT.-.. I7l.«*.0u h ...I, ; i:. I :•.«!. •::•-'.:■• I : . i l-IT. "•:!'•-■: »u 

!»-::. :oi.{-:: t-. i^-.u'. i.ij-.non. ti. .•' :: a. .'?..'. ■'■ ■ '.-i:!. .•: .-. :. .- r 

!ii»- p j's.l.iM n iI \ iv rir-t .!iii! !wo la^t n:»:i.' .1 | . r; !- • — 

i:t.'i i-.- 

w '.^ :>r..Mii :<ii.'«*.! 

I'r . nia. :<.. . . . ii.,vji) . ... ;-.'.-'i 
.*^ii%.> ii.ri.ri 'j*r/'i".' 

Toiai . iTi.ti-ifi . ■.'■*.«-: 

■ Ml 






THE WEW nroiBSt 



impDiUt am mrn. grain of nil laru. Anor, lamlnr, Uried Mi. MhI «h fwifviiiM^ 
cMtAy frt'in tlio Xfoiwd Siatn; eatvjn |[0(x)i, Inkntwarr, and ntitnM Dfbar aMBi^ 
fiietuml »rli<ikB, ituch *• titu, >ti->iia, nnbliuU'Witm, rorrUm, Aw., fna tht 
UnlMil ■Stftics mA (irui Oriuiiit Itneo* fram G«nnanj atnl tmaad ; iilvir Mrf 

Elil, iniliffo and cuohiotul, frniu ihN .Sptnlih-Aiiioricui Suiai ; wJmw, qiitlt^ 
I., from fnncs and Spain, with snoh other nrticliM of Iniufj wid hm ■* ^ 
onnlvM BgricBltnral comniunityi in a tropieal climaW, m]Ulr««- Tb* IcM T»lite 
of the irnoorw for tlio ynr 11137, amaiiniad u) no leaa than WtiiMOtSA?) uf u- 
pi>rt«. u K«.34G,4U7. 

Cuba i» dWideil into two pro*inDM; tliO HaTsns bring ttw cSfiiM) nf lk» one, 
Mild .Snnuairo of the othri. Tho Capuin^imcral ii U Uie nsw ttm« dn\ g»- 
lamor of tli« western prolines i but, eto«pt In mllKarf niativn, (tie (nvflnun ot 
ttio «BBtiim (>roiiliio« ia mspontibln only to tho Coart of Miiilrtil. 1'hu UIumI i« 
b1«o liividM into ihrcr military i<i*i*ion»— > Wcuttoro. Ctntnl. amt lbi*|pra ; Uw 
ohiof* of which aie> of coiirw, BuborJiiMU to ilio C>i|ii4io-GHiM(iiI. I'hp Hsj^l 
Court (Jltal JuobVncial hna tlto oopniniD ]iiti»dietton id nil nivil and rtiminal ml- 
fbir*. In thd prinoip>iill«!i, there art JgutUamitnia* i anili In th« runJ dUuictr, 
Jiutei Pedanta, who nouiblna lh< axetctw of judlcitl fniiuliiKi* wiUi (boar ci 
[lollca comniiuioiier*, ^. | 

Havana, or Ihs !Iiiv«niisli, tho oapilat of Cuba, la on* of tho moat SoariiJiisY 
cititM of tho Nrw Worid. it onci) catrieil un tli* wlide, and Mill iviattw hihv 
than two^hinla, of tlie uommvrre of tho island. In \S3>, MA,iW\ biiin et 



•ogar. and l,C94,lMUatTobaa orcnfTm, wnrf mi (totted from Ihia city. I^eliarboa 
ia admirable, capable of containing a thdunnd targe TD«WTla.aadBil««i~~ " ~ ' 
Goine Elate lu the qnay ; lla narrow «ntrane« has been foHod ilbaaCMua * 
were «i>Akiii|[ ehelier froin a panning onamy. 1^0 fonifieallaM, panti 
Moro and Tunta oa«il«B, ore remarkably airong. The riiy prM«»la an. 
sppearance froni the lea, ita nimieroua ipiit* bvini; intenninglMi with )c4^ biul 
1n«<irlstnl triw*- Tho chiirehranrBhandumnand richly ornaiDentedi neA atttnX. 
pcinte onnaiona are rerkoniMl to be nrarlb abore 60,OOOJL carh. Tbe ioleiwr, 
howeirer, for the mml part RonM«la of narrow, tll-paTed, and dirty atneta, cn>w4a4 
w{i(t Dinrohandiao ana wagona, and preaentlnir eotirply the appnraoM nf bMy 



Vet tbenlanxida. or public walk, and the ooew, on th« ,, , 

fiToitritit pcrformei, exhibit a g^ay and oreii atilendid a«peeL T^a neoAtly eo*- 
atmctpd auburba un tXm butll in a eitprrlor kiyle. PopulalMMkin llllEi, lUMMfc 
The Havana |a imnnBrUd with Guinea, a Inwn on lh« annth aide of t^ iiUad, 
by a iatl>road of 49 mile* In Ivngtli, ohloh wu caoiplvtad in 1639. 

MHMiiaaa, GO milrscaat aflli* c^ipiiat, U ttow Iha «w»ad nmniienial tawn in 
ihaialand. Thehaihaur lacapaeioiia, raay of aoouw,ai)dahBlteredfraat atlwiaJa, 
•tcw^t Iboee from the nortii^aat, wMoii ate oot dangWM* iMa*. Pi>pqlalia«i 
IIO,OCK>. In IM39 il cxporlcd npwuda of lUO.DOO bcmea of Mipr. awl ITS, — 
■mbaa of eoffM. A* tka iricinilv ia rapidly beonmltiy aeoM and hnmsfct ai 
eultlrallon, ita linportanH> ia daiW Inrteaaing. A rail-r«>*d, to M«W nf^tbe i 
rior t'jwna. haw bmm Ulrly eaniplrtrd. CanlvDia, a poll U d* 30 miU* tt 
Msinntu, baa toine irada wilh the f nilad Stsva. Trlniilad U ana uf iba ■ 
populoti* and Ihriiing plae** on Uia lalaod, ainae the rwuoral of iba watri t lta— 
~ tU mdo, It ia well butll. and ■taoding on the eoutbera eboi*. it la ^nmA 
. ._ inAiivoM of tlie tintthera whirji ar* expnrlraenl un Iha alliar aUauf tlMjaba^ 
Ita harbnar ia BSpaobua, but otpoMd. and ita cnuoMna eoBalierahla. Poaah- 
lloii, UtMO. To ihr w-ai liM Cirnfuem, a amall Mmanwnlal !•«■ of U«0 
InhabiMnta. witli onaofUia b>«t hariiuuriTn IhewMU.fumad by Hi* mafntfaM 
"^"ir of Xagna. Iw trail* wi"' ■*■- ■'-*■-■ "- ' !«--■.- ; - 

Poaria Prineipik aiiuabHi i 
« wol apM, which in manf plnec!! !■ only pMiaUa on nbad finitpelh^. Ita inland 
tiado la DWifUanbla. PupuUUnn. Hfioa. TW lUtla town tS NmviIm, tatily 
fountlnl on • Uj «f iha nma Bwoe mi i)m i wttMa w «aMt, avma as ii» pArl. 

Intliv FaamnpMtoTllM lltmd la Sandaga 4b Onta, aw<e the capital uf Caba. 
It i« on« uf ttie aWeat twJ hwt^inih twwM af ili» ralany. airf ooiMatna a4,?Sl 



TIIK WFjrr INmK<. 






iiih.ihiuiitj*. A I Kl Colirf*. luar S-.inti.i<iri, an* valualilf ru|ipi'r-iiiinf'H. iiuw rx- 
ti iiMvt-ly wr(<u(rhi. rliKtIy by l'!i^lt-ii iniiitTs. llavjiim or Nan Nalvait'^r, ;in old 
i->\% II III iht' iiili-rior, h iH .1 |iii|iul.iii<in i*l' 7'<0ti mhiIs. lu |>cit ih liie lllrlvill^ liitlc 
ri'iiiiiw inal inwinir Mjlix.iiulln, uill. 3lNHl ii.)i.ii>iUm.H. Tm tlir west \h lliil(ruiii, 
vt nil ItHM) iiihaliiiaiit'«, uiiil :ii tlit> iMbU-rii cxirfiiiity "f the i<«larKJ is U:irar>-a, now 
iiii.i li r>«iiif(il, liut rciii;irkal>le ats tin* Ural M-ifli-imiit loritinl hy (hr Spanianiiit in' 

I'llli.l. I'r<pul.lt|nn, 'JfilMI. 

!'• rti> liii-o, i-r i'lii-rin Hirrt, tho sin:illi-*>t nf ^\^v (in at Ariiillifi, is alioiit 1(>0 
till. I -N III !( iii;lli by 'Mi \i\ iiu'Hii bn-iniili, ami b.iM a !«ii|iiThi*ii'S 1111(1110 squart* iiitle««. 
Aitb'icjh iiik-rior tn nmu* nttbr i^iaitii^ in !< riiiity ami i^cmral iiit|iiirianri', ii was 
! i-L* lit jlicttd by Np.iiii. ami iiiitil ibr in cihi.iiiL: i>r' tbt* pn-sriiiri'iitiiry IN ucjjlh 
\\ .0 iirri\iii I'hiirtlv Ifi'iii lis u'l'inU ami ii.tH'iiirt-«. INrt'* Ki«'i> lo iravL-rx-il l)V a 
l>l'.y iif'Uniaiii-riilL'*'. wbirli 111 ibf raslt-rn part risi-o tt> ibi* bd^lil 1 t'abixil 4iH)0 
I* • I : I'll facli siiit- ill' ibi'* n nlr.il rHiif*- ii< ri>'ii .:n«l biautihil v-.tllcyH, wt'Il walrriui 
.in«i virll ^hxhIiiI, hilfU' ubii'ii strrlch liic tVruli- {•laiiiH tb.it ruiitaiii ilu: ttinvinj; 
.iL;:"*>.ltur.il and r>>rii:i.< m il towi.s. Tbi* popiilufion. m \K\u, y\A^ 3j7,ti>'» ; of* 
iii.«« I imibt r II,'*I»« wirr ^Ia\i>: rJT,.'!!*'.' \vbiii-<; un«l l"*"*,"!!'.* x'rvv ('•.[..urnl 
|>< r>«-i.o. Tlif \aw niakrs mMli'}iiriiMi< n bi'i\««'i n ilii* wbiir ariii tbi* ri>lr>ur(Mi 1 la^^MH, 
an«l ilii- vibi!«'» an- in lln Laful i>t iniiriinxiiiL' trM'l\ wiiii liie pn -pie nrrni-iir. 

'I'iif rxpurio an- sui^.tr r-itVn-. rOiarri.. rmii. Kc ; ilit* iinp< rts .ire liic sauio an 
(h<<'-<- "i Cuba. TiK-ir .innual v.ilin' is aStiui ri..'iiMi,0(iOtiiH»rs; ul'i-xp. ris. iirarly 
ilu> saiiii aiifunt ; (Ui-iinrds i-f Miiii-b arc in Vinirio.in l>'tt<>niM; ol' I Iti.jLtU teiis, 
ihf twih.iL;!- arnvi'ti in \^',i\K (>I,<nhi u:m AimriiMii. ami 'JlMHHi Np.inisb. 

'I'lii* capital, I'u(Ti<i Kirii. i<r S.in Juan. i*i a lar;jf, laat, ami uill-biiilt toMn on 
till* ii< iliirrn cisIhI, with a (i< ■ p, >.i\'i', ami raparious barb> ur. It is vt-ry slrniijr|y 
I>>rii:i»-ii. anil contains aiiiuit rui.iaHi inbaiuian:!*. Tlir otb«-r touns art' small ; = 
M.iyajm 7. ami A;:i..ii!i!la on llif Mtsli*«iabt. punci- ami (iiiayania i>n 'lie sniithcrn, 
.iii'l r.i\.n<!ii. .Ti' tl.i' prim-ipil pi^rt-. Tin liiib' inUhi'I <>f IliKpif, or Crab Island, 
l\irii: « \\ l\\}' tM^ltrn r.-a^t, is claiiiitd by (•ri'at Hritaiii. 

Tl.' I^riti^b poKsr«.^i..iii., !b<iuj»li n- i tbi- in-'-i citriiHivt- i-r nainrally fniiifr.1. are, 
••iih'i IM. Si? rf rraiHH- lia%-t' sunk iiitu src-mlary inip«»rlai.rp, anmnt; the brM pu!- 
iiv:i?tii, ni'tst Mc-aliby. aitd priHlui-tivf. Ptrbaps n-" par! vf tbi* Kltj|»r ba«, tn pro- 
pi r!i> n !>• \U v\u nl. \ii'i<li-if *>m'h an aniowiit kI' valnablf romnioditirs for cxpnrt- 
aii-ii. Till* t>'li«i\iiii:^ lable (xliibitt tbt' p')pu]ati«>n and comnifrrr of pac h of 
ibi-«*- i»!:indii. 

r 

riari'* Willi) • I'i'loiiiitt. Txtal lm{»>rii>. , l!ipi>rlf \>ar» 



AhliL.Mii l.'«-0 

ILirbadiM-K ....... 14,'KVI 

Ikiniinu'B MH 

firciia.U -01 

Jamaica SOJMHl 

MontM rrat .130 

.\i\ii 7(10 

St. Chri-lopbtrV. . . I,r.|-J 

Si. I.uriA r*'?! 

Si. Vincent I, .101 

Ti»bai;«» t?**!! 

'r<<rtiiU Al Virgin In. 477 

AnifuiiU 3»i.'i 

'Ini.i.iad 4;JI>I 

lUhaiuiiii 4.r,'i7 

Ikrinudu 4,*J(il 

Total 67.r.4h 



.»'7/.i:i.1 
I7.:»1M 
97.31 a 

^I^-44 

7.3J'.» 
10.7->'i 

•j:i,r,r.ji 

1 1 .•Jh7 

11.1.21 
fi,4-H 

y.71.'; 

i:v»ir; 
4,4;>(i 



I 



3.-I.II-J XI7«;.(i7r; 
l^■«34 I*kV»77 

V'^.i'jn 

:4ISM4 1.4lJ,.'i70 l,r,<K),OflO 
7.f..V.« 

27.1-3 
'.»^3tl 
0U,3 14 



r!*7.f»!»n , IJi'A^ ' 



1 1 Ari-2 

'j:».-j7-j 

•J7,I« 
I4.!)ni 

1*1.'* iVi 

IV. 7 3 

^.7•J^l 



10.'J»»3 
11:1,7113 



I -3^ 
1-39 

I ••3r. 

1.-31; 



70.fMIU 

iM,42t; 



I4'2jh}l 



24,721* 

424;)43 J •^39 
:i5,J71 l-3!l 



1 ._ 



ro3,rii3 7Ji,'j»'.i 



Jamaira ia the larsrpKt and moat Taluablp inland in tbr Kritish Wrat Indiei. 
l*hr lof^T range of thv Hluf .Mountainn in tbr interior, coTrrcd with ancient and 
niaic!»tic'f«»re»t»i, EJTf!! to i\n i:ind<>ciprfi a er:u>d and vurifd aspect. From thne 



I 



^« Till: WEUfT INDISK 

h«i|chtji ilcaccnil about t, bandrad tiven, er nitiet nU» wkhA dub down 
KouiH in nuineroua c4)kmi1m, uul, aiUr « rhort eaurae, roacb Um wa. Ptmo lltna 
tt1i>val«>d muU Iho iiilaMl iit Hipfilkd wUh ihn veirMable omduetua* of ■ '~ 
porain cliinat«; niul ttai; Guinea ^lan. whiob lut* pru<^i«rea r«fimrk>bly, en 
the plootcn to muntain uumuraie awl viluobls liwUs of c«ule. Vet llw iwl ta 
ooMldereil to be by no mMiu uairormlly gooi, and iu ■i:tii«J ftnilttf t» BacrVhad 
gmt moBwin; to diligent nmnurinff aod cultivation. Tliit abancUace uf wain 
I alwBja ba a nuuu bouko of fertiGiv in Itopical eounirini. 'Hie mm of li 

» it otRwiitermI xomrkir tn ihM rX arj tX th« oUivt diMrintr ; bnl lU enSb 

rank* sectnuJ to that of Borbicc. Pimento, Uio niaiitftljana of vliiota an axwuti^f 
DTnamcntBt, ii poculisr to this ialauj. and hajt W" nflea IMmrri Jamaica plH'"- 
WlUi hur naluni and Ai^miirad advgni^n, hnwovpr, J«nviK« hi* Mil b^oft |w^ 
•erred lYom tli« pMil«nt.»l inSiicnnc «r the clioiKtc, ntiicti rteiSitt* K nrtrasiri^ 



donscf DIM to Kuropcan 
Tliv tDtvTU of Jamaica, fi» of the other ialando, a/t> all M»;pnn4^ aad mpport^ 

S' coiniueTCC. Spanixh Town, of Santn)^ d« la Vrpi, thr mnri aaeimt, anl adll 
e lOSit of Ihn le^iikture and eewrln, in of Mmporalivt ' 
ha« not more llian 1O00 or SOW iuiiabiianta. INjrt Rt'/i . 
and Bjuiciouii harbour, waji, in tlie end uf the ■nvaiiMwiith ruiitury, rnrk-hod la<tii 
by the trade of the ifilnnd, and the 'eontrabtnd tmflie with thn Sfnoirit man. U 
w«* tbon, with Ihs escoptioa of Mc-xico and Linio, tbo niuel tplrodid and ufMiIcol 
ctly ifl iho New Wuttd. Huddentv an enrthiiu«ke awaUoweit itii iho Kivalpr poit 
oj* tlio city aw) itt mhabitanla. Yd th« adronla^* of its ntialion eaw«d i( to 
be toon remiill; tuid ten years afln, whan it hud bcim burnt tu tlw pvuad. it iru 
reared ngain frijm its mXir*. But in 17'^ It utom utsiled by a burrioui^, the moai 
diwadtljl evor known, even in thran latitudnn. The »es TO« anrenlmi or tiflttaea 
r«cl. iinderminod iumI overthrow a in^-ot port of llio house* ; the ebippinc in Qi* 
boibonr wu entirely diatroyed, with tlie oxeepUan of a few \u^ va«dt, arhidt 
had only tliuir maeta and rigvin^ ewept ivay. Port Ftuyal, beinetWn r'^lrat a* 
a &tal ipot, waa ibtodoned lor Hinpton, arxl !■ now rediieod ni SCO or 301) Doumo, 
The fonificaliena, however, which an vmy KtrDo;. vq aiill krpc omaadilte m^y 
yonl I* iiiaiiitainol there. Kinipiton, about Iwcntj mila N.K., m now (tw irt^ 
pel town nf Jamaica. Ita couunereu, iJiougti not equal to whal ijiit (f Pert ibtyat 
(me waB, i« iTTMt, and )■ ftviHirml by a «pacimj« «iid conioiodiov* raadftt«4. \im 

fpolatiud ID about 33,000. All tiiunB town* are on the wiulb-watvra asat, whi^ 
ilie muni Invi^t awl fi-TTile, and moat favourable li>i trade, Hiaiic^pi Day, a ^aee 
with ttbcmt 4(XI(I inliohitant', conies on the more hniited conunnoe of the oiiftberD 
onnat Savanna la liar, in Uic wvit, ia litllo miim tlian a viilajfei it liaa a em4 
harbour, awl a little inde. The Gnuiil ami Little Cayman, which ore inhab^ 
only hf a fon haadrod flahermen tod pibjta, may tic onuidexvd a* appuaiata U> 



Baibadiiti,tlie nioRt rMtrni of till Coiibhoa, waa the finl aettlrJ G,igllalt utahd. 
Btfkc DO mouDlaiD* in ibe eenlre, it in le» oupuiujiiy waieTfil tlMi llt» gUet 
Antjilee; awl, Iieing liinlier out in the Aikntir, \» peculiarly i-.ipomi tu Um irwii 
nl K<Wt|ia (if hurricane. It« aul, tbouzh drltoont in depth, \miof compo** 
ohjofly uf a fine black nunild, i> welt liticj Ibr ttii- calloru ut ittiw j meA ria neb 
ptaiUatMiiii, divemifleil by the gvelle hilU which tm in the iMwinr, |m<m ' 
dcliffbtful lanilNnpn. l)r>il|;otaWD, the caoital, ia iw gf tb" pyt e^d lM>d> 
'~-' — ' town* ami one of the atrtmciMt nnlitaty natjk in llie Wnd Inlla^ omi- 
at«vc 80,(K)U inhabitiitta. ft liu an excellent hatbiitr, mucb flmiwita^ 
ial only tnr ilio trade nf tlie iatanil, but tnr 1«miiU which, ia cooaequmo* oT iU 
nitcily pMtlion, reach it be&rv an* of iIhb otlier iafamd*. and tncb Ibm S> 
nfhaltinoot. 

Antiffuo, fit. nhriatopher'*, and aovertJ nthera aaw Bi Im nmtinn«d, Kra *lMt 
m called 111* IjMnard lalanda, which, nmninr Aval Mat lu wbK, ore aippaMd to 
fan \vm cxpeocd ta the aetion of the trade wiwL Ail tlw Leeward lalajiile la*i 
one gDvanior, wlui tsiiilw at Antlf uo. Hatioe Jnhn'a I'mrm, ita eapalal. timinJi 
fur its *;[T««*hl« aibiolkm osd tha ragalaritr oT ila bwiUinip, d«me» ■ oo— id»t» 
Mo dej^e of importanee, and la a ftmariUf laantl It k** about 15)0(11) inlNbM- 



I TIIK WI>«T INIHtX 257 

ant^. Kiielb'h Harbour, on the Kiuthcrn coaft, with a niyal dock^yarti, is un iin- 
pfirtant naral itation. 

St, (*hriiitoph(*rV, known r>flpn by the farinlinr ap|N*llntirin of St. KittV wais tir>*t 
i^riiptPii by tho Kn^'li**!! in I0£< ; and. th<iiit.r|| r*'(ieBln<iiy litHpiitn! by tb<* S[in- 
niarili< uml French, hn^ with tin* exception nt* Ninip Khnrt intrrvals r«^niain«Nl in 
ifii* puMwwKJH tit' Britain. The inlrriur, rir'niff into lh«* iuAy pi'ak nt' Mniint Mi* 
Km-, 1^ pi*culiarly niiTL^Hl and moiiiitainnus but ibn pl.iin nUtna X\io iu*a Mirpa.*«.<*pfi 
in rirbii**sii nnd boaiity that ot* any ot' the otbor utiundii, nlxiundinp in tbo blurk • 
fiiouM which 1^ piTiiliariy tiUftl for 0uir«>r. Bo«totrrri\ the capital, on t)iv MMilh- 
Wf-»>t con^t, conUiinit fRNMi or 7(l(HI tnhabitanti*. 

1'ho iilhtT lipcwanl Iblamlri coiihint of Montnerrat, Novia, Barbuda, An;fu>Iia, 
ami the Virifin Ulandd. 'l'hi> tir»t is afrrooabb* and pirlurt*siqiii*, IhjI by no nif*anH 
liTtib*. .Nt'vis 1^ :i ii::iail, but iM'uiilitul and fcrtiie is*land, riin}«is<tin}; of f>n«^ rcinit*:il 
iiininiL-iin abini- twt-nty iiiiii-s in cirruit. (.'harlohtown is thf cipiUiI. Barbuda 

i and An^fUiUa. >1iil MunlitT. urt* ai^«> b-rtib\ but littb* cultivati-d : AnL'uill.-i hiiH a 
vBhi:ibU> KiU-p>Miil; i!ii' to'Kicctiof ILirbuda ih fuirticular'.y tv^tvi'iiuil. 'I'hu Virgin 

, UlamiH ari\ upon Ibf \\h'i!»>, tii«* iii>i^l and ami loaM prt«hictii«> of any in the \Vl^t 
liklii*rt. Thi'V nrr iiniii«>ri-ii<^. a mi in wtiiM* di>;.rri'f ttlinrit! by tliu SpininniM and 
IhitcHi; but 'IVrtiilii. tnt> nniy oiw of much d'Hsiidcratuui, Aiie^.'ndu. ami V:r^nn 

i (ionin. liidon!; (•• thi; Kii^!i>h. 

t iKinunica is n irir^'c isiand, but ni t pnHiiirtivc alttifvptiior in proportion to it^ 

• rxli'nl, luiicfi itf till* liurtbrt* boin«; rni>untniii(iUN and ru^ri;*''}' St.'irral of ltd vol- 

'came Huniniit.4 t.'irow out, from tinio tu liini*, burninf; miiphur; but thoy do nut act 
to any do»truclivo oxtciii. It is intcrfjHTMHi, iiowrver, with fort ilc valleys; a 

- lar>rc quantity of citiri^e is nised on the sides of the hilln. UoM^au, or <*harlotte- 
town, the capital, i8 by no means mi flourish inc; aa licforc the Hre of 17^1 ; it is 
well built, but many of the hou.ses are untxrcupied. Its population may amount ' 

u>ri(Nio. 

St. Vincrnt*s \« one of the mort ele^'atrd ami nipirrd n{ the Antillefi. It con- 

I tAina tiio only vcrpr active volcano in these isIandK, which, atler b(*iii^ dormant lor 

' a c*>niury, burFt tortii in Hl'J with treniendoii« violence, e.\]iihttin<; the moe>t aw- : 

ful phi'iKMiicna. Several plantations were di-sinn'ed, and aliiiwl all litosc on the 

••aMfrii coa.**t wen* co\preii uith a layer of ashes ten inchea deep. The peak of , 

, Monit* (larou la nearly TitNlO f(H?t tiiifh. Vet the intermediate vailevff, bein^^ f^rtdc 

in a Inifb de^r^', render St. Vincent's, on the whole, a very productive island. It \ 

, rLiitain!* sijiail ri'iiiiiant.i of the native Carib race, minj^liHi with Mme free nef>Ti>eii, 

who wt-Tv early iTitriidiiri-«l, ami lia\e adopted many of the Indian usa|^es. Kin^ 

?i>n. th<* capital, ha* lM>«'n -upimimnI to contain KilM> inhabitantji. 

lironHiia i-xhibit*i a ronhiili'rabli! %-.-irtety of surface, which, on the whole, liow- 
, ''Vrf, IS extreiiii'ly pr(Hliirtiv«*, and rondem it an impi>rtant acquisition. The 
. M'iTR-ry. lliou«rii not hi errand as that of some of the otiiurs, ih peculiarly beautiful, 
.-ind lias lieen coininri'd to thuf of Italy. Sl (it.iirc*', the capital, named torinerly 
Ft-rt lli>\al, |M»-M*HHf«s oiii> of t!ii.* mii!«t ciHiiniodiotis harU>urb iii tin* ^Ve^t Indies, 
and has been stron^fly t'ortifitHl. Tlie (irf-nadinrs, or (frl■lUldlllo^. lym^ between 
Cirenaiia and St. Vincent, pMdure noriie su^r and cotlee. 

Toliajv<s orTabajvo, u a small but fertile and bi>autifiil i>Ian«l. N'olwithstandinj; 

\ Its Hiutherly situation, the beat i<f teni{M.n*ii by lireez*^ from the surn>unilinff 

rK'e.iu, while at tJie same time it ap|irnrs to U* out of Ih" tmrk of tliir«* hurricanes . 

I whii'h have desolated so many of the other island.**. It yields the fruits and other 

prtrilucls common to the \V«>st India islan>ls uiili th«>M* of the Imnlennj; S|iani^h 

mam. Scarborou{;h, a town of about 'Mn^l inhabitants is its capital. 

St. Lucia was cede<i to (.treat Britnin m l*"iri. Its hich {M-ak;*. railed I'lfons by 
! the French, an<l su^r-loaves by the Kni^lish, are visible nt some distance nt sea. 
■ The Mil IS prudiictive, but the climate is uidiealthy. On the wei-tern sid** h l*ort 
, (^astries, or Carena^^, one of the b(.'st harbiHini in theec inland.". l*he town !ui<^ a , 
! pitpiilatioa of about 5(K)U aouls. 
I Trinidad, neparated only by a strait from the coaat of South America, w here 
{ tliat mainland is traversed by the branchea of the Orinoco, shares in a f^reat iiiea- . 
- bure its character. It is covered u ith mai^nificcDt forests, and presents scenery J 



Tilt: WKST IMlltlS. !259. 

thi* l.ir-:r<«i |i|.u-i- ill M.irtii.ii'ii -.iiiii in all Fri'iich Aiiii'rit'a. lu uxn-llriii nail hds 
muliTi'il It ;in I riirt-^tfi: I •: itif tr.iiii* nf tlie inoihtT-t'iuiiiiry uiOi thii iju'-irtiT uf 
it-.i- H<-rli!. Il li.i» iSk-iI 'JiMUHt ii.h.i^it.iitLs. I.. I Tririiu\ mi ihi* bay ••!' \)\v hjiiu* 
itnii'* on till* r.i*>t Nitif nf ihc ihlantl, li.isi ahoiil 4(J(H) iiihiiliilantn. 

(■ii.ui.il-iupc iM trorii .'lO t'-i tin iiiiU'M luni; and *J3 bp«a«i. Il contiistji of two 
i-!.ti)'i<*. siiK-i* a n.irr>-w rh.iiint I or arm ot* ihf M-a, ahuiit tivc iiiilcii in It-nifth, 
riilnl Kivirri-S.il»'i«, i-r Salt rivir, rr ".si-j* thi* isthiiiii^ by whirh ilj* e:uil»*rn and 
\%>-^lirn ]■ •:i'.<>ii*> ar*- i]|iii*m(. Ttii' \M'si»rn, ralUnl iJaic.tetfrre, nntwiihsianilins 
:i •■ uxmv 'wliii-ti !« di rivcd t'r-ni iis |i>isitiiin with ri-ifard tu tbi* tM(li*-wind% roti' 
tun-< a rh.iMi I'i' Ixl'ty iiiuintauH, on*' of wbirh nnilii TMluiurs of •finokc, uith 

• >«*i<.tH| iii.tl sji.uks iif lin*. Il'iui\fr, iis plains an* riipi>*u<*iy uadTt-d. and fruiifid. 
Tti'- f.iniiTi) divioi.tn. imIIi-iI 4«iaiii!i' Ti'm-, is inorf Mat, and lab'iitr^ iindiT a dt- 
ni'i'iny xf waiter. In l*^IIi'i tiir piipulati'in was l*JT,t'iti'^, of whii'h It'i.tijl* wiTf 
wliiiiN and i'rvt Innnd, aiul '.•.'!. lin'.i r^lavi"*. Valin* of ilu» i>\pnri<. in l-'Sil. 

• I,.'i7.'i.l II fran«*s ; i»f iht* iiiip><rN. •J»i,7fi'.».*JlT. naHM'tirri-, on tli«' part t>it ih« 
i-il.tnd hi-arrni; that iiiiii**. rank-t as th<- rapilal ; but having a bail barhoiir, i<« ^ii|f 
pi<ri*-d liitTily by th*- rr^idi n«'i* nf •roviTnim iii, and has n<t iipti' than :ViO<i m- 
il i'lit-tn!-*. 4'.ip*-.ii rr« , "H ilif i-asi i'.».i»«t of Ila<i<«-ti'rrt'. in its I'thi-r rhii-f town. 
I'-intf-.i-Pi'.rp, nil itu* la^ttrii -hlr of <iraiidi- 'rim*, i.r raihrr at lh»' j)ini*tinii uf 
ih*' lu s rami s on aliimiit all ihf tr.idi', iind bad a poimlaiion of about I'i.ttiNi. 
Il wax ilriioHt tn'inlv d«'«troyiil bv an «>arth<]iiako in ttb. 1H|3. Tb>* i^laniis (if 
Mari*-<ial ml*-, th*- Saint*>s. and Ibsi-ada, antl ihi' Frrnrh part (rtlhcr niort- than 
uiiL'-balf ) "'.' St. Martin, are app«iidai:i'!* lo (iiiadali-upf ; but ihi*y ar*' i-f littb* 
niipori ino'. 

/httrh^ Su*riii*.'tt and /iani»h hiatuU. 

Tlip pn^m ■ioi'.ii-4 nf till' Diitrh in thi' \\'v<i Indit>fi, when compared with tbrir 
la^ti rn r<>l<'iiial ••nipir»\ apprar rvpiflinirly liniiii-d. Thfir cmly islands ar«* St. 
Kusi.iti I. S.i!m, and Tiifai/'ia. Tin- first tw.i are small isK-H lyini; luinif'diately 
II' rtb of Si. t 'hri-!'.[ili» r'-«. 

Si. \\m>\ itia i- rijhi\.'li'd with jrr»'il ••■"«•. .u.d ahoiindii partirularly w ilh tobnrro ; 
:«'- 'III tMltli- ir.il p j'.trv. 'f whirli i; air'rti«» .1 -'irplusto iIh' iiriirbboisrin'j isl 'ndn. 
Thi* iMptiai In Will fnriifii'l, and foriii'* .i ^pi rif.s of rntn-piit both of ritjul.ir and 
<* -nlrab ind tr.idf. Tb*- p";tuialioii ff ih** inland ir efitiinaled at 13.7(H); ttrat <if, 
t::i' tnvn ai t'»'H»i). Saba, nnly twi'lvi- iiiii> - in I'lri'iiit, and di'Stiiiite of a b.'.r'.iour. ' 
!•« .'. pli .isant i*>!.>.n<l, but of ii>i rom nt mai viliie. Tbe nuit'h share with Franre 
ill*- sni.iil i*ila'id of St. Miriin, valiald*- almost soU-ly for its salt-workx. rura- 
r<i !•« a 1 ir^iT islaini, far M tin* soulfi-wi nl of the others, and only abniit 
•i' vii.i\ ill. '.IS lisi.iiit from Viiii>ziii'la. Ills af*- ut thirty miles lon^, anii imbr '.id ; 
loll thi' -jn ii*r pift of ii.s siirfare i-t arul and nnfi-rtile, and lis importani''f> was. 
rliii>:!v dirivi«l from iIh- rontrahand ir.idi.' whi'h Us Mituatioii inabln! it to carrv 
nn, whili* tilt* I'l'iiliiu-iil was eirlusively p.isftesstd by Spam, and jitiiiliuiihly »hut 
ai;.iiiisi ih«- vi'HSrU of i.thfr roiMitrie<i. Sinre (*oluiiibia b(*came ind*'(M>ndent, and 
ihri'vv I'pt'n hi r p> tin tn all nations, C*iirai;oa han ftunk int>i a Mrondary fltation. ' 
I' •jiiil iiinn ab'iut l.'{.Ono. Williamstadt. itseapital, however, with a titi** harbdor. , 
b.i< stiil a ron<*iili rahlo trade, and a population o\ hOiH). Two i»iiia)ler mlandft, 
oil*' iMi * ither s|.}f, Idicn \yri' and (truba. aUo l>flun!j to ihe Dutch. Thi'ir in- 
h I'Mi.ints art' ebii fly #Mii!*'-breederi. 

The ham-^ hare thre«* small islands in the Wpst Indies. St. (*Mix, or Santa 
r.niz. the princip.il one, lies tu the south of the Virgin Islands : it has a Hurfae^ 
of ei<rl)iy-one si^iiare miles, and a population of about 3'J,tM)0, all slaves, except 
'J'liHi whiles and I*ilM) fri*i' rolmired. It is productive, in proportion to iu extent, 
in th*.' u-u.-il Wr-st Indian articles. (*hriati.insted, the capital, has :>(MiO inhabi- 
iints. Sl Thoina«. one of the Virgin Islands, is of little importance, unless as a 
fivourab!e station f*ir inir- ducin?inio The othi r islands ihuAe floods* which the Kreat 
Stati-s have dtclartd contraband. In the y*ar 1M|0, the imfiorts were to the 
amount itf^.'i.DiNM^^*. St. Thomas, the capiul, with an active tnide and 3tlOO 
iidiahit'inls. ointains ahou< half of the populafion of the island. St. John*!, an- 
oihi*r of the saint- {jronp, is very small, and only noted for iis excrllei.t harbour. 

Ttic Swedes have only on«' small island, St. Bartholomew, siiuaUil about fifiy 
mile«i north r.f Si. ('hrif«loph« r*s. It is not our** iwenty-fivt- st^uare mileji in ei-' 

T -T rr-T - -r- M^Mhrfhtfl 



THE WEST mmm^ _^ 

[It dMcrlbful A* fertllp and WRll-<ntltiiruo4, l)ian|b «b 

.. tliat neither of tbeM oh»neien cSn »pp)y lo IL Caiit«< 

tbo cnpital. luquinHl contld^rable weatlh during llin vxi, wliea it cuMiniwd ]i _ 
lo b« alniQ»t the only neutral port in tboH! •Ea>. Tlie 8we>llkh tatrmnmal hm 
rcRn1r«il to mniiuDiit the iilavr« (aljoul (iOO In number} on iLm blind, ami ku 
spproprlatrd li),Oi)0 puatittt annuity, foi five Jtai», tot tbe piupote of inda 
fying ilio omatuti. 
' /Tay/i. 

Hofti, now an inJeponilmt nevro Ktiuttbc, forms onn of tU« neat pcooUn ^ 
iniDrestiiig ponton* ofiho .Naw World, li U a ««; Cm i»l*nt, aiUHlad ' " 
JamaieaBod PorloUioo, HbouI'lSOniilea in lenvlh.Hnil I10iiibt«i4lh,uii 
an SKH a£ SdJMM souarc miltrn. Ilayti ia iTtn MitifiaL CtrilitMw MIB* vt lli 
Ulnnd, and signiGca IM mountainoaa raun/ry. Columbus iikmij il JZu^hhA^I 
nod It wa« fnnooailj nUo ciillinl Sf. Domingo. The Ftcneh bMMw*a m II (to 
ilworvod epMiel^ La Jtcine da JntiJltt. InlbecenlteoirtbeuhBd (u^ lb* W^ 
raii|[» of ibn mtionlBlna of Cibu, ofwbich tlie pank of La SerruiU har* h> Ibr Iw^U 
of •Jim. Did ihat of La Sella lo TOOO feet, 'llianr oigunlBUia ■» oorrrMl naarij M 
theauinuiil wIlli vuevtation oihI noblti wooda, and fiom ihcui licarcfid nunefMi 
(iTaamii. whieh, umtin|[ in font luge rima. bmlow cxuaati feilillqr on ■!>• plalaa 
beneath- Tb« princlpAl piodoclioM of lh« iaiand arn, in tho wi^l «nl a»ail>> 
oolbe, tliii aupiHwius (wliieh U oliidi; emplojed in the oiaklnB vf mKb, ik* 
ordinal luui of the eounuy), and cotton ) in ilia iiorlbi coffva, tha aplaodM ■«(«> 
calatra about ihe Capa (Haylini) having Wo moaitjr abandowd a* emtwlaJ la 
othw uMa; in the eaat, cattle, viith aotno tobacco. Hah'cooy aiid It^prao^ 
iij[iiuin-<riias bonv)', wax, and fruits, are alto important arlwilea oT p«vdKetiak 

llajrti VM diacovotod by Columbna 141)!i, anil was (oon 0DW|«ieted bv tka 

SpatiiartU, who tnatod ih« nativM with jcraai cruclij. In IMI siiaiB oaalM a«»- 

half of the iaiand vi Franoe \ and ao |iro«pprnua dtd itint pdnlon of il tiwnawa 

llie vaor 1769 its praducr and coniincrre were rc|iiai la Uicae of alt iba 

ait India Islaiida. At that timn the ilaves vttic about bnlf a Tcilltrm hi 

her. 

The Fmnoh rvvoluiion esuaMi an eiireordinary ch«iir' ' 

In 1791 Ibc Anaemblj canaed to bo prcdkjmed tlitaugli-x: 
iw doctrine, ihat all Riftn wan» frrii and equal. 'Ilila pr. . 
the fint intiance. lo a eonlcai beiwt«n ilie wbil« and llx' 1 1 < 
But while ihoaa |>ftnira wci«< conlnuding fni the ap|ilicati>)0 of thi pno^ijtli 
alar«a fell that It applied slao lo them. They roan in a hndj. maawrial ad. . 
ont iha ulhpi two clnaata, and becnma entLtt! mailen of ftmek 81. Itan^ma. 
Tbia TMolurion, with die oxctMea which aceompanled il, aatu mini, IlkaMM 
tgrolationa, in a militMy dnapotiam, wblch wwa nUbliahed in IMK by Dm ' 
who oaaDiued Ihe title of Jamn L IlewM auooeeded liy (^hrinnilMsU* ^^^ 
in cunimantl, who named hiniai>]r Henry L, hnraditary Hiuf of llayu. MeB» 
time, hnwercr, the ropuhlie of DaTIi was catahlalied In anoUier pan «f Ik 
i*laDd,aod«r the nraalJonoy, Ural of PMun, and ibea vf Oxyvr. Hwmj, bnMaa 
by attaeki fmtn thia and othri i|uarterB, endad hii Ufa hTauiriJc in V'An. Ooyn 
'-' * - - - ■ ■ idi-d i.i«.u>» oT«r«n i*r 



ihnn, by a 



« of vignrou* opnallofl 



il only etlenOi- 






Frtncb pan nf ihn iaiand. but annexed 10 II alan llial bclijDj)iiie la Spala ( litS) ; 
■ " ' * UiB r»|niHir ..! lUjii -■ ' 



lUo wholn 
tSD-t iiiadD MroRK oBorla lo n>|{aln thia vftlnahla Ula'od, bat willwml _ 

li-i>L'ili. N'l Ihe I7ih nf April. IR3S, a treaty wae cenrlvdad, by nUch (IM m- 
liDuw Irrlurd the IndependeDce of Ilayll, ou condillon of ' ' " ' 
uf i:.i'.iiiiiuiiii) fraon, to be paid In fi** anmal " 
caiy uf lH3y,ibcbaliincelMi|nn|tln|t lePtanea w 



IleraiJ. The M . 

hi* frienda, left Ilia iaiand. 

ia alill In a dialurliml atalr. 

tai.v 



axnd ai 60,(NMi,0MriwHMkit 
_ jurrei ■ 
e*taUKh<4 by t . , _,_ . 
waa aboliahed. Knd naaldrni B«y*f, and MHVd 
SubtMiuanl rhangM have lakim place, h»t iImMmSI 



Oennral Piena*lt « 



An Independenl neptt Sui* wag tbna uMaUbhirf i^ Hayli ; hnl Hm ytii|;«| 



. 



ri I K W VKV I M U KS. jr. I 

li.ivf I. 1 lirrtVf'ii .ill ihc* hi-m fiti wlurh ih* v s.uritiiintv i-xpf>'ii"i. Iii ii-.isi d 
fr"iii t'.K ir t'>riiM-r ■'••ni|i<iN>>ry l"l), lln-y h:ivi' im-i Ir.irii* li h* m:I'jii-i tin iii*^* Iv* > 
I • r-ii ri-^iir.iihis «•■ p >.Mj.ir iiiilii»iry. Tlic hr-i :i^K>>iiii4' riilrr^i iii.tiir tii** ii><>!*i 

• \!r i'-r«!iii .ry i'll.>rls ii» iivrrr«»itir ihc in«it'Ii-i;iT uliirh r^Mtin In-i;iiii in ili-N|il:iy , 
ii«i It. Till f'ii* Hunti ilirtrtiil tti.ii till* l.iltourrr >li<>ulil fix hiiii«<flt'i'n a crri.tiii 

( -:.)*.(', uliii'li hi* \%.i<( iii'\fr alU-rw.'.rilH v^ t|Mit Miilnint .i ]inNr*|iort from tin- L;nvi-rn- 
iiifi.i. IliN h<''iir<« ••t' l.ihour iiml rt-tt wvrv I'lxtii by >i;itiiti.'. 'I'iif \%lii(s-.it lir^t 
|ii riiiii:i •!, M.i<t itiiKii.iii'ly prohihiti •! ; tmi as cvrry military i>i]ii-tT \i.ih allnwitl 
!•• r'l.ioUsi' Miiii .1 liiiok r.iiir, ami alini-*^! rvi-ry |>ri<}iritUir hclil a roiumix^ion, th«' ' 
1 iii"iir< r u.i<« i.i>i iiiiii'li rflii-vtil. ]{y tin-'**' inr.iim, tin* prrHliK*!' of l^ni't v^ah r.ii!«i-<i 
!■• .i!> 111 .1 ihiril «t Ui.it ••!' IT"*'.'. Itul siii'li vi-ili-ni rt't^iilaiiniH i*<ii.lil n*ii (''•iiiinii«' 
t'» lit- iiiliiri'iMl aitihi iliM fiuri.*<'t-ilii)>j iiiritalii'iis, and iimifr a r«*puliliran rr:;r»if. 
Mill' n'. ..li ir.in s nl' lalii)ri>*u*« CMJiurc mi-p* *»-"Ii i>(ilili-r.iti'il : larsfi' tracts, wliirii 
li.iil Imii riij.- iMiltri' suijar-ijurilrii, |>rosrn!»il iimw only a iVw •^iMiiirftl |il:iii{aliciis. 
I'll* i\;t'iri • t' *<iii;ar, \\liit-)i in l**(iti Irail hfiii 17.-'il«i,.'KU llm., nintiunltil in l^'J.'i' 
t.i -jii-jii His. ('••il'i'i , wliii-h riiniir.iM li {•• lu- a ^ta|iii' |irivliiriiiin, wa-^ alsn niU''li 
«ii:iiiiiis!ii>l. Tilt' iinly in<!rniiiifii'iti<>n \»liirli thf itt'ipii' >oii<jlil u:i» in tin* ra«*y 
t.i"«k •■!' ruliinu •'. '\\i\ tin- I' fffl-s « I inaliO'j-.iny and Iii;w«"il, nhlrli wi ro I'-uml i-t' 
«;ri-.tU-r vilur ihiii li.tij l)r« n Mipp- <^ii. \\ ilhiii the last t'rw yrars, ar>iiiNiiii-raii|i' 
iijiTr.iir ti »•« laki II pLu'r III llii» expirts «'l' cotj'er, loijwooil, collun, iiiah><i>an\« l*.*- 
li.fiM, aiiil •till r nrtii !• •». Thr cxp -rt ofcotrfp in le*37 watt abuut III iniUion, and 
•.•t l'>;i\«...»d .ilioiit ti.niHi.iinii p> un«i>. 

Till- iiiip<'rt<4 .Iff fiMur, Kail pri>vi<«i'in<«, Inrnlicr, \'c . rrom the rniifd Statr^ ; 
••ill .n t:"'i-4 and ftli' r iiiantitarturrd arti>'!is, fr'iiii (irt-ai liritain, th** I'niir-H 
Matr^, Frani".-, am! (itniiany; wimsi, ji'V%i lli-ry, \f., tri-m Franct'. No siaie- 
iiii III u\ till- aniiiial aiinnint tit' thi- t-xportH and inipxftrt, unrthy nfrredit, can bo 
><hi tiiM d. 

Tli. , vi-rnr;!! lit « l" llayti m prid'if«sfilly n-pubiiran. but il ba^ bn ii will dt»- 
siTi'ti i .1- pr ii-'nally a nulilary diiiiii-r.M-y. Tbt- rbii t i-xirntivi' ntbri r i«« ibi* 
I't" >1'Ii ir.. w II" b-ibU llii' plan- li-f lilr. TbiTi- !•* a Srnali', »*i»nHi>»iiiii« d' Jl imiii- 
ill :^. iiitiii<: \ >: lib* by tin- ll<>u<<f < t' lif-pri'si'iitativcN t'ruin a list v\ •Miiili.!.ifi>« 
pn ^1 iitid by till* l*rt-«iili III. 'I'Uv Hi-pri-si'iitaUv-*-4 an* rboifn l'i»r thr ii nn id" six 
\i Ats by till- p.trislu", but th«* b^nly id' tlit* (implp taki-s but litilt* intrri'Ni in thr 

• b I'll- ii>. Tl.i' l'r*Nib-n: pr^pi •*•*'•« tbo biwsi anti tinanrial arranL!ciiiriit'«, which 
iri- ..r. f.bd til With litib- ili«cii.H«ii<n. Tin' rrvinuf in I-*»nT was ^y.'^.'i'J.'iTri. 
I!\p> liiicun-. ^"J.71I{,li>*J. Tbf ariity anmuiits Iii*JmjnHI, and xh*" .\Htii<nal (iiranl, 

• r i..r.:lia. I.I liMMHI iiicn. Tb*' pi piilaliKii id' llaui in f'?>tliiiat»'d at TtMi.lUUi. Tbi' 
n Ii>.'i> M it ibf ll'.yiiaii'i is Ui-inaii i'atb'>iit'. but ibt'rt' !*« little aiifntinu paid to tbt 
>iibj<i>!. and till' slate id n)i.<raU i'^ d<-s(-ribfii a-i txcct'ilin^ly b:id ; oihi'r ri'h>!ti>nH 
aff ti'.rriifd. Wbilf^ 'AT'" not albiwi'd tu Indd Unib'U |>ppi*rty« tt tu rarry ann«. 

r< rt .111 l*rin('i-, iK.iw !'• rl U«-piiblii«an, 14 tbf capital ••! Ilj\li. and thr cbii'l' 

!<i at .1* Iraib-. Il bis a MH'iini and i xrtdb ill ruadNtisid* but tl nnlrv ariMii.d is 

::i.ir3bv. ai d. diirirj tin- siimini r, vory iinhi-altbt'iil. Tbr r.ty i> biiill iii>i>tly ot 
M .•!-.{, ii^ ^in-i N t.is)ia\i d, .tiid ciiiitainiii}; no rt-in irkabb' i dilii-* i*. Tin- pitptilalmn 
inav bi' Iroiu 1'J.ihmi m 1.'>,<HMI. iVtil Ituavv and Jai)ninirl at^- nih.IiI Ikwiis in 
::ir s iiiif di-pariiiit nt, w nil (TtMHl barbiiiirs and boiiiP tndf. I'.ip*' lla\lii n, Tif- 
iii'flv I'api* Frai:r.ii<». ib«- Meat ri|' ibi* kinirdoni ftitaiilislu d by t 'bri>tiiplu , was 
■ u I'.i r I'liill. Milb wiiUpavrd ^tn-i l!«, and hoiih* banil>« mo .-^juarts, and bait a 
ji< p'.l.fii n • Tab. -lit hMNK). May 7, IM'J, it Wd4 ovcribruwn b\ an taribi|u.ikt\ 
M t:i :i 7"t>i» I filii' inbabiMniM p*'ri'*licil. 

Ai.v l';t\rs iif I.is I'ayos. is a hi-at t^wn. with a t!oiiri«>bint! tr;«'!i' : it was 
'i!ii) >T ill •>ir-<\id by a liiirricani', in Ait^ii<*t, 1^31 ; but has siniT rf^ivi-ii. ain! u 
I1..W . i.f «.| tin- iiinsi ri'Mirwbinii ti.wns in ibi- islanii. Jfn-intf is u pla.'»» • t' cnn- 
^:!i r -.bii' trad*. (i>n:iivrs i<« a small l>iwn with a )!iH.d barbm-.r. St. I)--n.inirii, 
'.III r.ipii (1 id l!ii* Spanifli part id* lii«' isi.iiid, pn •«• nisi llir rt-iiiain* ufa \*i ry band- 
<> •iiii- illy; a ^-'did and spacioi.H catbi-tlral, a lar<;i.' arsi-nal, bnust-i* in (;• norat 
'* 'iiiHi- •ii-'ii<« and wi-11 built; but ll tun biH-ii loiii! in a hlali' ul'dtoaVt and i*> sr.[»- 
p:-<.| '.I I'tiii.iin a p'lpul.itinn id' ubmit I'J.iHiO. The wbiti- ami i*i*luurrd inbabi- 
t II. i» :.i: ubt i.iimbi r tin- blai*k». 



26-3 SOUTH AMERICA. 



SOUTH AMERICA. 

South America, which is compriseil between the 12th denrce of north and the 
50th of south latitude, and which spreads in breadth from 30^ to 81® \V. Ion., ifi 
I inferior in dimensions to the northern portion of the continent, by almost 1,()UU.II00 
j square miles. Its coast is also less indented by lar^e bays, but it present* the 
. same tapering furm to the south. Its (greatest breadth, about Kix decrees south cf 
the equator, is 3200 miles, and its length 4500. 

In this vast country, rivers roll tiirou(|fh an extent of 4000 miles, and are so 
broad that the eye cannot reach fruni one shore to the other. In one point, are 
seen mountain-summits above the clouds, white with snows that never melt; 
wtiile tlieir bases rear the banana and pine-apple. In a day, a man can pas 
tlirough all climatci?, from that of the equator to that of Nova Zembla. In tame 
places, volcanoes, too numerous to be classed, throw out smoke and flames. Still 
m other places, are vast and deep foret>ts abound inj^ in all the grand flowehnfr and ' 
£rigantic vegetation of tropical climates, which spreads an immense extent, that 
has never yet resounded with the woodman''s axe. Nature here showfi herself 
alternately in unexampled mai;nificeiico, beauty, sublimity, power, and terror. 

South America may bo divided into five distinct physical regions. 1. The k>« 
country on the shores of the Pacific, about 4000 miles in length, and from 50 to' 
200 in breadth : the two extremities uf thin district arc fertile, the middle a sandy 
desert. 2. The basin of the Orinoco, Kurroundeil by the Andes and their branchca, 
and consisting of extensive plains nearly destitute of wood, but covered with a 
high herbage during a part of the year. 3. The liasin of the Amazon, a vafi 
- plain, with a rich soil and a humid climate, and exhibiting a surprising luxuriance • 
of vegetation. 4. The great southern plain of the Pampas ; in parts, dry and 
barren, and in parts, covered witli a strong growUi of weeds and wild i^rasiL '}. 
The high country of Brazil, eastward of the Parana and the Araguay, preventing 
alternate ridges and valleys, thickly covered witli wood on the Atlantic slope. 

The most extensive in range, and, with one exception, the loftiest mountain* en 
the globe, extend through this continent from its northern to its southern extrem- 
ity, and impart to it a character of unequal le<] grandeur and magnificence. The 
principal chain of the Amies runs from north to south, at a distance from the shore* 
of the Pacific Ocean, varying from one to two hundred miles, and appears to ex- 
tend through the isthmus of Darien, and to be coni:ected with the great western 
chain of North America. The elevation of the Andes is by no means uniibrm. 
In some places it rises to more than 20,0(N) feet, while in others it sinks to Icsi 
than one half that hcMght. The whole ninge seems to rest upon volcanic fire«i 
and numerous {>eaks are constantly huniing. The^e mountains send olT several' 
subordinate ridges; the prim?i{)al and the most extensive is that which stretchesl 
along the northern coast of tlie contment townnls the island of Trinidad, and ul 
known as the chain of Venezuela: its hii^hest summits are usually estimated at 
from 11,(NN) to l.'),(MN) fi^et in hoiirht. l*he main ridge of the .\ndes commencer 
at the isthmus of ])ari<Mi, anil, in its progre^ wnithwanl, slioots np, under the 
hlqiiator, into the \ni\y Fiimmits of Chimburazo and Antisana, while it spreads ter^« 
!ror hy tJie tremendourt volcamies nf Pinchincu and (^atopaxi. On reaching the' 
' e]«!vutnl p'irionH of Rilivm, it forms a vast mass, amidst whcvie lofly peaks tower 
.Mount Soratn. of 25,2ri0, and Mount Illimani, of 24,:C)0 feet elevation, 8urpa»in|r: 
in hoi<:ht nil the other p«>nks of this great chain, and second only to the moit ei«^ 
vatfil Hiiiiinits iif thr Iliinmnleh Mouiitnins. Passing onwanl U*tweon Buencs 

■ Ayri's and Chili, tin? AmU'H i»ri»-erv«' this elevation very little dimmishf^ ; but 
townril tlif ino^t southern oxtn-mi*, th«'y fall ijraiUmlly to less than one-fourth of 
th»Mr L'n'ati'>t li'Mirht, anil assume an asfn-ct <inMiry and di»solate, m correspondence' 

■ with tin* wintry sfvi-rity of tli** rlini.it(>. The prinri^ml ridge generally rises ab> I 
•nipily. with nuniiTiiii^ and frii;httiil prrripici*s hidinfj its lofty summits in thel 

c!iHi«N. nr ri-inif with awTui inrijf.-ty into tin' pun* ri^y-ions of the air aN>ve them. I 



S«)I Til AMKKIC'A. 363 



; TisfV iiri' i*ii\«riH! with (H.'r}K*tuAl pikiw. Imi iho iiniiiiriii lrni|M^raturo of the ♦•..m- 

!iirt.il ami inipu'al n'iritins provrnti* thf* tortimtinn i*t' f;Iat'irrs. 

'Vlf iiiiiunl.'iiii'i wh;«'h lni\iTM» llii» fa>t»Tn MVlmn of Brnz:!, in tlu'ir j»n-.t:on 

.'iii'i rclalmii tn l)ii.> trrent plaiim ut' thf coiitiiu'iil, }>r«*!*«Mit a >trikiii;; ri'M-nihl'iiiro ! 

In !Ur ApiKiiarhinii or Alli'jrhaiiy Motrin n\' Nnrlh Anifnra. KJMiuf Miuth «j!' the 
. Aiii.'i/'iit KiviT. ilH'v fxli'iiil. hy M'vornl m^nrly |Mirnili'l niii;;i>, tn tlir llin ilt> la 
{ I'lala. U>\oiul uliu'h thfy tiimlly Milk intii l)ii> va>t }ilaiii» of tli<' I*Hiiip.i«. Tho 

■ w fiolf of' !h«!to «-.*i>tffn raiijrt'H an', ln»\n'Vi'r, Inw in f'}<*\;ttiiin, riini[Kirr(l iv.tS tin* 
i:r»Mi w»*Mern rliaiii. Tln-v ijiMii'rallv nai'li Imm *J|MH» to :MNNt fiTt. nii<l in a t'lW 
i-a.-sf- arv f*!i'vat*-ti V* n»'ar IllKm livt, ami aro not, it is bi-ltv\cil, in any in>laiico, 

I tfh' M-al i»l' \olranir nrtiiin. 

TJi»* nvf-rs ut' S«iuth AiniTira hti\o iirHiisputif] claims In rank jniioiii;.'-! lh<» 
•jrt'alfht an llif l'^'S"*! ^^ll••tlll■^ nin»tMi»Tr«l in tliiir \a^t l«'ni;th nf cnur^'', drplh 

land lirt'ailth i*f' NlnMiii. <ir in tfii-ir caprirtty t'nr an <-\li'n*<ivi* ami runtinui<u« inl.ind 
iiaviirat:.)n. ()f'thi.'-^>, the Aiiinznii, or Maranon. i.-* tiir nuM-t iiii|M>rtanl and pruiiii- 
nt-nt. This :»r»'at btrrani, with il.« niii:I»ty hranrhrs, tUv Madeira, ('ai;urta, liut 
\r;:r«», vVf., liniiM an fxti-nt nl' cuntry r-tmiatiMj to iNpial nearly tlti* whi !»■ ij!* 
Knnipi*, lUmniL! thri«ii:rh ri'tfstins whirh \vi!i n«« d"»ilit niu.' ilay Iw th»' fincr-t ui the 
wiirld. Tht'v rnll, at pr«»««'nt, ihrmi^jh savarji* d«>i"rt** ami nnf»«'iM'traiili.' liin^t-s 
which have iH'viT ft'lt the ax*- »»r the plimuh. The inunenM^ ?-ue of the AM;a/.im 
Wi'iilfi aiiuut of a nhip na\!;rati(ni of tVo'ii IINUI to *J1HI1I miles, did nut the rapidity 
of ilie i'lirn'nl pp»venl ; l»«il it will no ijouhi at Siiii)*- t'uture peri«*l yi»'ld lt» the 
|»ii»rr (if sti»an>. Tfie Im-it ij!!ii::'it:i'n exlemls al*iul 'i'VUi mih-s, to the l*oni:ii or 
mpidf at Jaen, where t}i»» r:v»T i»n?v«*e* a Milmrdmato cliain ««f the An«!»*s. The Uio . 
d»' la I'lata. nr Panna. oi»en- tn !h»' m-ran with an istuary nf ITiO milc!? m breadth. 
It^ -iiip niviiritioii exteniis tn llii*nns Avres. and llial for lim'itj ISHI nuh'S larllier. 
Hv if> trilmtarn"*, tin* l*aniiri:riv. IMoimavu, and Verniei«i, naxiiration ic* rnrneti 

I thn-iiifh a trn-at ran;;*' nf r..iin!ry. aliu"?t ti» lh«Mr >*niri*es. The OruK4.n. tin njh 

; ii"» ••♦juilhni; eith'T th«* Aiiia/i>n '»r Uio d»' la IM.ila. is ii»*verlhnlfss un nnpurlant 
».rrfn?n. Hv it.-* lIIl■an^, and that of sL- tn'mtarv. iho Mi-ta, Vf^iii"!> of Miitalile Imr- 
tin'ii rniy WM.'fnd tVorn thi* * «*»'an alnm^t tu tin' ftn.t i-f the Aml«*s. It?- eiilirf r-«urse ' 
!•« nnl Jir ^ln■rt of IThUI fiijl»>. W li«-n it njfel.s thi* ?«'a, it.- t.'ri"en-i*ul«-iir»d « i\es 
.-tn»ni:!y i'»ntra>t witli flu- Mne nf lh»' •■«"iTiri. Tin* iin|i«m! of llie ontlol if tins | 
ininit-iif*' stream, r<tnvinr«>i! ('nlinnhns tliat -ut h a Ixuly of !re>ii wati r rniild only 
i.-s»ie fr-'Hi a rnnlini-nt, 

lli-r»* It was, whil»' f-eliniT ih*' n-freshinj laijd-hre<'/.c i'har;:fd with the aromat.c 
frairninei" of Ji hcnndh'^^s wilil»*rn«''»«. nf tl-iwi-r!-, and r.-nli-niplattn:; th*- elii« fnl 
mildnen^ i.f the skv. the creat 'ii^e-.V! rer iiijni»intM! him->!f hoar the i:ari!> n «)f 

* • I 

j llii'-n. anil that lije OriruHM was < n^ nf llio ti»iir :.'r«"at ri\«'r> m>'ntiM:i>-d ci the' 
} Senplnn- a«* isMiinjr fri'iii I*aradi.s<\ \\» lu« en the t irin.KM and ihi* Arii.-i/.fn tioTV 
i" a siiiLnilar ennuininientinn hy mean.- of tin? C'ri-upiiare Ki^t-r, whieh iIm-.x*- altt-r- ' 
natt'ly iiiIm »arh stn-arn. acennliu^ a.-* t!ie v\ali r< .if eith»r pr« v:ul. 
I 'I*h«' *• i'.!h<*rn {mrtinn of thi*« ontinent ru:.la:iiK an an;:.i.r. )kipii!;it:nn wiii«-!i i- : 
i :n a ni« riMif" |»i'ru!nr, and titfers a larje \-iri»*ty nf !• rm.- and * iiarar-' r>, \\h.»h 

■ hivi* nn ei rr«'sj»undni|; ly|»«*s anif>it;; llu' priHiintion.'^ i f any i'th«T country, nf ; 
' thi* earniViTniis animals, the jaijnar, the ooii^far i-r pinna, liie m*« l««t. and iii"'iii:ar, I 
'.■tr«' t/:»* ehii'f of the rat family. The laiim, a ust.'tul animal, of ije- i:ani»-i kind; 

V\*' \H*Mna. tf.e tipir, tlie i^'ccary, resemhlnij the d« ijn-tu* hni:, ih"' r.ipihirr.i. the 
••J.mehslla, a k;nd of rat tliat turnishis the rii.tM-'n'Ia t'i:r. tiie r.'y;»"U. r»*tni';i'iiiiif 
il.f heaver nf the nortlioni Cnntinent. tin- ^I•■:!l. Ihe rii:»'iii, tl.t- aii'-«'at»T>. ilte 
arn.'idiilf and Brairilian {kireupnie, and monkeys of vann if kiiid>. 

Th»* j ijjnar, nr .Xmrncan IsjiT, is a formniahle aniiui!. a:*! i- .n ^./« l^twi-m 

: fhf ?.«.'»-r aiv! !»-«»jnr«i nf tlie old cniitnifiit. It is fnimd fr.im <iii;ini t . I'.tra^'uay, 
ari'l i-» a "iJ.t.try an:ma!. inhrjhitinj lh;i*k i;r;:in }nri-«t". TImv atnrik «..%.•*. u!id 
♦■\i'n iuil!* iff !«''ir v-ir-* i-ld, l>ii! are esp«'CiaHv crit-mies X** !:nrM>. U v\.ii >''idnni 
atTt.k man, exe«'p» wlen slri»n«jly pro.s.-ifd hy hunper: in.'-ianii s, h^wi'ver, arc 

.k:i"'.vn ff i»»'r-ins hav:n;f Imtii r»:/«*d and carr.«.Hl nff hy litem, 'lie* etiuirar m 
f'-ml in ilitfep'.il parts »«f Smlh Ameriea, and ts bt!it;\cd to l»e lh«* Ramu annnal 
a- ?*i»* .\'«rtJi Afii'-ri'-an pantloT. 



U SOfTn AVERiUA. 

The topti, or uila, is uf the iiix« uf a mmll ciiw, but wiliwut bonM, maA witli • 
•borl iinkwl Uiti the Icpinrc ihort and Ihick, and the firat havoanall biMck hnA 
Hi* *kin u HI Uiick uid huU u to bo Blmoat impeoeuaUe la • buUei ; (far wbicb 
rami thi; Iiuliana nialce (biuldti uf iL T)ie tapir wikliini Min out bat id tiie aiffM. 
Hud doliffliti in th<i wstcr, whrrc ho oftcncr live* tluMi on Unl. Ha h diMdljr m 
bn fouDiTin manhiis, and letdora goKM hj fiuai ilin burden of nvm at Ukn. 1I« 
■wiaiB and dives ivltb aiuj^l&r bciiitr- Tliit animal if canunoair luMBil id Drmmi, 
Para^iiar, Gutnna, and in all the extent of South AucriCB. fnn Uia •alnoilly g< 
Chili to Colombia. 

TliB )aiii& remmblM R f GTT tinall caoiol. i« ftnntlc and coaOdinf in Iti niwwi: 
itacarrit^U ^aceful wkI ovuii beautiful! tbo; abound ia ittvbi numban fi«M 
Potoai La Caraucae, aud uiako Uio chief richua tif ilii> Imtiaiia oad Hpantaudi^ wte 
lau them. Thoir fleth i* cuteemcd cxcollDnt food: thny are trainad to cuty bM- 
dmii uid the atrangnt of Ifiuin will Lnvul with from lUO la UUfaumla wairti 
~~ Uicir backii; llicir pac« is alow, but tJioy are lure-fuoteil, anil ■aiiiiiil aad**- 
~id prrcipicr* and ctaggy tnr.ki, where oven rmn tan mieal; 
n. They oro tooatlf employed in carrying the rieb«a of Uie in 

rgif lowiiB and ciiie>. Bolivar aflimicd Umt aboTo Ihrea hamlted 
tlican animaLi were employed In bia lime. Their htir. or wool, i> lot 
elaaiiu, aiid may be munulactured Into excQltent clothing. Twvorl 
of airaw will wlflco the lama fbr food for twenty -four hour*. U will bm invel « 
iu|[bt; and if oflbndcd will ipit at the pcnm wilb whom it ia ancrr, wkntbar 
b« a Btraaff«r or lb« poraon who feeds iL The virum i " 
and la coTcbmted for the aupertor fineneai of its mnl . 
I»lnt» of the Douthem.AudeK, and oxliibittt t^eat livuIiiraK. Tba 
apcein of AeU rat, about the aiio of a Guinm-^i^, gjod ia beU in fraai na«iiMlhii 
lor the (uttreniu Boenea of ita liir or wool ; it i« auffieieiitlj hnijt far i|iiniiii 
The liiilc auiuitl u aliuut 9 inchea in leo^ih, aod Itvee In bumwa uader fomi, 
in the ojieo jwrl* of Chili and the adjoining mgiout of Saaih AiBnic^ Tte Cmj- 
(NO ii an aaimal clowly rwmbling the buvor in aiia, nuatitr ij hit, anJ aaaaial 
oTfpuiixslion, but ilii tail, Uiatnid of being Dat, ia ronud, awl it dnaa oca &m th» 
aocieljeii nor con«triict the rMidtnca for which the latter *p«(M* ia ai *r«ll kavwn. 
It icema ncvorthelDN to r«pre*enl thia apeciea in the mvis and lakna uT Seulh 
America. fi«in wheo» ita Air >a brought under the name ofBuittada. TSe ti^ 
it pecnliar lo South America; tbia animal, in Ita wild aUiii, tyenJa all iia life n 
the irecai and never ijuila Uiem but throufli lorec or acctdeiol, and linaa aat u^^ 
the branchis, but mwpendi^d under them ; iMvea and wtM tiata cmutilnla ito fcol 

Aninnit tile Meiicana ajid Peruviana were found the very few dfMna^ie aaiiiMli 
which ciiated in America nrevioua lu Lhu acriralc^Cdumbwi ni aivea th^ 
poan9W!<l only the lama and Tieuna, and a auall niMiw of la»4)y. whkk Umt 
called also, and which ia believed lo have raaemuad the analf naked aaiiaiT al 
preaont tuuDit in Barharrand the [«T>Bt. The lama WM naed « a baaat oTbw 
den. and the long and lliiek Aonea of lb* vieuoa AimialiMl a rich ani floa mmi. 
which waa manufairlured mtn cloth of a heautifu) lamira; iha flarii tJ faetk ^p» 
cle* tupplicd an aereaible and whelnaoiaa fbod. 

The honr. the aai^ the ox, the aliaep, the vutt, and Uie pig. weM all rfiaMwa 
to the New World, and were beagbt Own CuiDpr, at an mtlj petia4,ty tk*uat 
aotil<>ra; aome of them have inenaaoa prodif iinialy in etiTry part efAeMOBai n 
many nlaoea Uiev have uven regained their prnline ataUi vf aaTsee fhidtMi mmtr- 
' r\( II ill! II Ml II t thii Ml h aaiaiiimht iirflmil, ftiilliM ilji"^ MJ 



rica. A ntmiiiial prepRrty in ihean wdd betila la irnneraltjp rJaJoiNt by , 
individimli; and they nie aaanniUeil atan at cartain penn^ lo ba rawfcad aal 
enuuled, but in all Mhot ruaueela Ihej are lult Id tliO notftilmiMil ccvciaa at 
tlioir naliiml (ToedoDi. The homed rattle are nrincl|Mllr valuaUe Inr Umu U^ 
and tallow, which are Kir tlie meat part ab^iped Id Ikn^eaa ptfU* aad ca ''' 
tw<i uf the principal eommeditte* tt fiouUi Ainurican espodalan. Tin 
of hunting cattle fat tbia putpoat ia bicaming, in Soath America, a fm 



SOL'TII AMKKU'A. iMV5 



, nmi a nati\i* m nowr coiiMtioroti |irii)H.Tiy itiiicatM till he can thruw thu ^ 

t»T UM' lllO k!llt't', Mllil ^klil lUlil i|i'> tlTllV. 

th<* )viiii|)a.<* tlicrr aro iiiiiiii>riMi>< Uiniprt nt* wiM hurn's wliicli, thuiiirh of lew 
rianrc titan tiit* horii'ti iTntlt<% uro nut witluiiil tlit-'ir usfs tii tli«* inhabitant!); 
t, th«'y iuniii>h the only nurans uf cph^siinif tht\<<o twtensive )>luni.s aiifl CdniMS 
liy. ut' i*viiiiiniinii*atiu;5 with liio nt'i^rlibnurui:; ruuntnen. The traveller ajiil 
iiiiif iM-t ftl' on horr^'buck, ilrivin<? a tru(i|i u\ tlu's** animals beturc th«*ni : when 
ic-i^l 1.4 <'xhau>iu«!, nnuliior is iMHMirtMl by moaii!i uf the laKri*); the auldle in 
u'e.l. the ruler mounts nntl cuntinnei* hiH journey, ri'{H*utin)? the nnie operm- , 
m utti-ii an reiiiiittitt', till lie nrrive.s at hL'« fitatinn tor th«* ni;;ht ; here he obtains 
nh triw>;i, ami in thi<* manner will travel, tor many lUyd in succe.>4*iun, at tlic 
lit' liNi «ir \'Ji) mile--< a tluy. 

ii* ao*--, th«' .-hri'p, tin* i^nHt, aiiii the ho:r, ltkfw-i»ie intnNliiet*<l into Amcrira, 
nttrtli .inil sMiutii, by tin' t>:irly Knrupean Cultiiu.-*!!-, h:ivi* not, with the exception I 
c hi'*; 111 tlie l'int*'(l Stati*;*. iiit'reaHiil m tiie >:iiii<' pruimrtinn as the horse ami I 
Tin- a.-M i.-i priiii'i|Kiily i'Miploy«Hl in tl»' obi S)Kiiii>h ami Purtu^riH'sc vottl«>- 1 
IS tl-r th»* p'.jrpiiri" III* bri'iNhn;; mub'S whii'h art* iiniviTsally euiployiN! in tran^ ' 
ri:; th»' |ir<M-t«Mts iiii>t:iU, siiiil i»»;<s«.*!«.<( nil th*' won<li'rluI Ma;^eity in diMTuvenni; ' 
ivo.iiini; ii.iM:;t>r, ami all thir iMTiinty of fixtt, whieh have, in all ac**» uf the* 
J, r<'iitirie<i till- aiiiirial mi va!iittbli> m imiiintaimiu^ euiintrie:). 
le pr;:ii-i)i:ii bir<ls tif Stuiih Ani>Tica an* th>.' rlu'a. nr Aiii**ricaii cvtrich, the 
ir, till- kiM;: of the \iilturi.-s the lilnrk \ultiire, and th«' turkey -buzzard ; and 
e <'ni.'!i- taitiily are thr Ilr:i/.liaii iMMcara ea^li\ the harpy cajrbs the most 
r*iiH i>f itri KiMTii's tiif Cliiiian Hea-i*a;;b'. and the vulturine ranirara ca>?le. 
n;f a -tpipi^ allini(y t«i iMitia the vnltiin* ami the en^Ie ; the toucans various 
nil, ariii uf siijMTb colnurin:;; parruLs of i^ront varifty uf nize and ^plemimir 
iuiin^ri'; thf> luirniwint; «)wl, blacksmith, or U'll-bird, utt'Tin;; a note like 
•Imw uf a hainiuer ujinn nn an^il, oriole:*, or hanLMii:^'-binis chatleri*rs, mani- 
huiiiiniML'-biriiH, of llNi ditrfrriit itp«H:it^ frnni tiie ai/i* of a wrr*n to that of a 
;»)i*-l-t>«' ; ii|*\v art* iiiurt> nuiiK'mu.s ni tin* tmpical re^mns of Brazil and liiiiana 
in liif tither frectinii nf ttie continent; a tew s{>i*cies are alifo found in North 
ruM. 

lo rlit'a, or American ii^trich, w nmaller than the African upecieH, and i^ fur- 
ds>tiri:jiiiHhi'd t'runi it by haiin}? three tu(*<* completely develofieil on f.irh ti^tt; ' 
tiiumi I liii-tly on lh«* p<lnI(Ml£^ or plainf, of Hiit>mx AyreM and i'atiironia, from 
\iaH/>>ii III the ntmit> of Ma;;ellan. ']*hiH bini imiMrts a liv«*ly interest tn a 
nil t?»t» p-inipnii. They an- ji»»en Koiiietim'*s in r>ikv«'yn of twmty or thirty, 
:)>r f!i-..Miit]y nloiij; the ;;i'iiili' nndiilatumii of the plniri, at hnlf pi^lnl-shot di<<- 
* ifMiii f:ii'h tillier, like hkiriiu^hfrs. The ViMin^ n.-e I'ayily donii^'ticatcHi, and 
UM-.mie atlaeheil to llincc whi> cnri*iw thein ; but lliey an» trnubb^rinmo inmate««, 
t'iii»in^ aUoil lle» limiw*, tlipy will, whtMi full {fniwii, Hwrillnw cun, phirt-pins 
•\**rv Minii article of nii'tal within reach. Thoir iisuil I'mhI, in a wild !<tatt\ 
•il*. hi-rluiiji*, und inwclj*; tlu! lln^h is a refbli!>h brnwn. and. if ynins:, not of 
t.iio'ir. A ^r''at many e;r{;M are laid in tlie Kinii> iii>T, which i^ linetl with 
^Tsi^-i. Siino acciuinls have bijen givon which •'xoiit-ratf tho ostrich from 
r the m>^•t btupid binl in creation. For exampl«*. thi* hfn coiinbi brr e^p!« 
,■ liiy. This has liei«ii proviii by the experiiiHMit «if tikin:: an euu away, or 
iti'.nr nne in addition. In either cam? nhe de^tn<vs the wb<»b*, by cni<*hin:; 
w ih h«'r feel. .Mlhoiijh nhe doe« iK>t attend to •.•vrery in f«elertinif a Mtun- 
!"«ir le*r n«*Nt, Khf will t'orNske it if the e;fir»» have N*»'n handbHi. It !.■• .i]*ii said 
*h" r"!!;- a tew e^i^ alt-mt thirty yard:* distant frirn hf*r nr^t, an! rrack.s tht> 
-. wlifi'Ii. by the tinn* her youn;,' nniie torlh, hrm:: fiib*d with nn^r^'J'"* ^nd 
riii \i:lh in-eet»«, f«»nii iho lir-.t re|n>t of hnr infant brooil. The male bird is 
I'l l.-ike u}*in h:nis«'lf the rfarin? of iho younu, «ii*i to allaeh ni"»re importance 
ittrnil authority than to the t;ivi>iir:« of hi.s mate. If two cii^k-bird^ meet, 
w;i!i a t'lniily, iliey ti:;ht liir tlif iiupremacy over Nith ; fnr which rea*m an 
:Ij 111'! >*»inelifni'" unib-r hi* tutelar broori!> t^( ilitler'nt aije*. 
." ci-niii-r ij* t»t' the vullurp !'p»»cieH, and the hrjji'st of t*»rTe»tria! birds; its 
"« «'xii::id trim .*) to 1 1 f»'i>i ; it is pi>culiar to the An^le.^ and steems to prefer 

Si :i I 






•)S6 SOUTH AMERICA. 

Uiii hi)[ii<9t paiuta, Lunlering ou lh« limit* of pcrtuituttl taavr. AJit 
nrvKT DtMcli iiiiui, f ft tiicy axhibit no feu al hi* appnmch. Tloir Ibail 
un very nmilar tn Ukuw of tho boudeil vultura of Eiiro{>*. T«m ctadun «9l 
due upon a dear, or eron • hQifci, punminf or wnundiiip it Ibr a Ung tima «A 
their Iwaka or telon*. imtU their victim sink*: ttieu thej imaMdiately wekm tia 
Imgm, uul tcv out Ua eyo& In Quito il m miA Ifikl tho mixAnif doiH: to oittk 
t^ liu»« fbni)ld4bla bmU is unmc^ntei thoii e«aen) hod, bowaror, ia camnct, w 
dotd nma. Th« akin of tlie condor i» u thickly cluUied with iim and ftrntbttK 
that It w npalile of withintaailtDg miwlwi-tialim whan not elDMly litvd, and lb* 
tiinl It UUed witli gnti difficulty. Ttin king of the vnlturo la ■ wmUu- tpeei^ 
than the. condor ; iu wiaga, from lip to tip. ar« aUwit liz ft«t : H ■• rMDarfcaUe fer 
' e vnni'iy of lU colour*, and the bright tints of bhie and nniuHan whiefi omA 

I naknl head utd necli ; it ia oocaaiooilly Ken u &t north m PInrya. 

The toooMW ar« atmiivoroui in itieir habiu, fooding both upna anicoa] wai *«f^ 
fable matter. Thoir Mwraioo* billi an; light, and beins Taacnln- widiin, adait 
of a grut derelopcmeot beiqr etven to ifaeoriruie of mnoll; ^ Uii« fmmriWy 
diMnver the aeata and «cp ofotiier birda, which they ant oonauatl* ptuaAtfiaf. 

Th« Bpeoiea aiu) vanotm of Aah un «> ouDioniuii and n aimllar la atl iiuaiteu 
of Uio (rlobe. thftt their )[e<v'iphic&l diairihution i» moro nnifum Omtt that ofi — ' 
otiier abwut. The variou« frndi-vntcr •Mciea of Kurope have their 



InkM of thu New World, unt) thn inariwt tribaa wliidi ft«- 
it the BhoreH uf America am litllo di%n;iit from tfaowi uT th« old eontiovM. 

rpecloa, indeed, nuy be diMinct, but the eetierlc fbrm aod rfiararteta an 

invariably the mnia, or diffttr only in trilling cireiumtaDct^ On* of Iba omM 
markabla llah of Sonth Amoriea it tho t^ytaatAiu, or elrclric oal ; it mbm^m 
1 aiiyrnhu properly of Btuiiuin|[ ils pioy by an oJBClrical ahDCk. Tbi* ad 
Munla la tlie rirera aad latin« of iho Inw-landa of ColnnibM. and u abmt all fM 
lentlltli. The ulecl/ical ahnck ia conveyed, eilhor throngh (fao l«arf or any m^ 
llic ctRidneiar whicli touches the fiah; even the arwlcr KHMrtimca reMiveai 
■bock from them, cooruyvd alonii: the wetted rod and liahin»4iao. 

The moat Ibnnidable reptile* nTSootli America an the allipion and avrpmb 
..jree or Ciur •poeioi of the farmer inhabit tlie rtven and lakai: of Uw taller are 
Uia boa eonalnctor, tlia aoacuada, and tbe abomft; tJ>ey an Ihund ehtotfy' n Iha 



ta bixhiy prtaeil by itpleiinw, and ttia ainm lunnJ. by manT camUerMl «aiM m 
IfToat a dxlieacy M the tiutlo; iu flnah ia whiui. I«nder. and of delieaW Bavai 
Ihcy ara very nirnbla^ and ana biinlod by dun. yid, vrhen not 
ale nn, are »alt«l and bemlJed: tliey uo »aadlB4h na the 

tiia Wart IndioD laUnda. Tho turtle ia fbend alao ia th« « 

gmm : it motU ynrly In vtat nxmbora lo the ialaada and ahuna M Uw OriBaen 
and alao to tlie aliutHa of tlie ialanda in dia Waal tmliv. to dt^l ita cm^ WhKb 
by ihouMnda in the Mml, and which are rayerly eoayhi tXm hf Iht 
md ncgraea, w4io aODually nwurl U thaae hiunia of Iha UMla IW the 



kaap widiui due 1 im)la the mynada of flrme iwacta : aoM*, Miaravvr, Ut« alnart 
antiraly upaa fruii* while Dthofa, liha liiv doadlv VtMpini of tba bat, Bi«ar the 
nttle ■tabling and tho hniiaea nf nun, and anrk UM Wood 1/ bnth : ■• thair biu « 
nauslly in tbe Ihut, and anv«r erttioa pain auSbantly sharp to aoaken the pma 
sttockad, tt liaa aomotimea pniid Ooal Ami Mra— w hcaxinliaffB. Tba Van. 



pire* are couaquenUy much dreaded bv the inhahil 

tskoD to suard s<uoat thoir atiackft llanm and 1 . , - 

woakemid by tlune aitimala dimniT Dm ntl^t, aa to b» incapahla it inntUtBff. 



o inaect inlia in Ametiaa. Ike fooa^laai^ tlHm|h ti the mart dtntimtiea 
u), ara uni^uaMionahly the (mlaai tcmrfe vf iha MOMt imncal oouninr^ and 
tun m nwuy part* iiurlDdnl in the ninper»la Maia. Oaiifnca ia amilhvr Inaeot 



MIITII AMKRU'A. S67 



'h inhabits the mme localiticss ami in Kcarcoly \rn^ tn hn drfHulpcl than the ' 
iiuito. Tho iliauioui] bi>Gtle id oni* of tlie iniHtt liph miul lA' iiiKoctH, and bctnre ; 
'.il wan acci*KMhlt* tn Kur<>|M*an travollon*. wait mi nin* nm tn Im> hoM at a vrry 

I prirt*. i*arnivurouti inm.'Ct^, ami alK) Hirh rn l'i*«-ii wpun doml animal matter 
wkii'iy ditipi^rvod. Antii are the iiniveniai reinnvfrx of nil Hirh itflWicive siib- 
r.i'» 1121 are ttio mnall fur the finMi ut' Vultiin'**, and Ihf diiiunutive f*'i7.i* of the«e 
} nCi'Ut^ 1:4 amply mni|ii*n»<ati*fl hy tho iiu*onecivnh]t> inyriada of their nuni- 

Tiie l'«vhineal if nt*ariy tiie only insect which tins licf^n turned (n preat ■ 
iiit'rri:il acrinint. The Iitiney-K«'e nt' KiirM)M> m iiiikiinwn, but there are 
Tul ui'.d (:|ieciei« Iff thin famiiy, whuete hon«>yc*i)inbii an* furmetl in trceK, and 
h HiiiL'ht after hy Uie n.itivrg. 
n the dl^co\•^^y of the New Wnrld, it was found hy the Spnninrds in jKisJsea- ; 
of vnriiiU2i trilM'M of Indian^ ifencraity of a ni<>ro i:*'ntle and ]e^-8 warhke 
aclrr, than thuete which inhabited North Anierieu. 'I'tn'V wen* doiihth'Mi the 
s mcf*. but tho inMiii'iice of a utAXfr eiiiiinti* had prolmhly oubdiird their vijrour 
couniiT'*- With the criv^ in on<> haiul, nnd (lie »>w<»rd iii thf other, the nith- 
invaiii'rs tiKik (HVM^Niion of ihu land. IVru, a pi>{inliMi:i einpin* and compara- 
ly ci\i1i/(n1, WB8 con<|ueriil by l'iz:irn>, al\*T n stTnw of tro^rhenMin ami 
>pid a(*i>, si-arriMy parallebil in the hihtury of ui.'«.Mk;nd. The wh<>!e of Sotith * 
•nca b"ll into liie hiindn uf Kuni|K-anH: ti\m\i\ bx-k |*>>«*.<i8ion t>f the Wivtern • 
l*iir(u*rnl of the I-^»tem portion. Thus it wo^ii nrnn^L'il into two preat poltti- ' 

hvi!i|ii|IH. 

he liitlinii hari only been preMTV«'d to nny e.xK*nt in the New World, where 
Mh iiiiMSjliil Willi tiie whiti* man and adi»pled hii* hnhit.*!. nr nhere inip*;netni- 
jnMhniK-Minii' loreKti* <»r cold inh<xnitabh* rrjfions havi> pn)t(.*cti*<l, or whore, oa 
le ca*-!' of the Arniiram*! uf Chili, his oun couraffo ha^ mivihI him fmin ex- 
iinai.'on. The i}<!nndi« of tho Wi'^t Indirn pn*>M'iJl the liins'uiar i»pt»claclp of a 
!•• no'i' of |Mii|>li', that hnn diicipfioariHl within tlu' limits of recent and au- 
itir h>tiiry : their place im ori'iifiifd by th<.- whiii* ntnii of Kunt{»e ats the mafiter, 
tU*' biirk of Africa as the h1i\o. 

hi* jMjijwr or bronzi* hue of th** >kin in, wi!h w»nw hli<;ht e.vroptioni», common 
nfoT nil thir nativ«>H of Aiiitrica, upon which tho climate, the hituation or the 
•■ iif livm>*, ap}N*Dr not to r.XfrciM^ thi* hninl!ri(t inllncnco. Some of the tribes 
idiaiia aro nt*arly black, thoii;rh ea.-iiy dl^tlnL^ll^hot| from the necro. The 
iir i<f the native.i of ISraziI and Califurnia, m t*«;iia!ly drop, although the latter 
h.i- tho tciiifH'nito 7.i»no, and Uio t'ormer livo- noar the Iropirsi. The natives ,' 
I'fw S|viin are darkor than the Indiana of Quito and Now (irenada. who 
bit a pnciM'ly analoj^ouM cliinato. 'J'ho^o \\\u\ in th** b>rrul zone, inhabit the 
[ < .t\ iti'd tabli-}nn>! nf th** ('oniiilom.4 ir of tho Aiu'.os, havo a eonipioxion as 

II roiiiNT'CuluuriMl art thtwo who cultivato tho Ilnnana under a biirnini? Min. 
hi* ii.irmwf^t and doo|HM v.i!loy!i of tho fv|i]|itrK*tial rerfmn.-*. The Iwiiaiia 

ii.:;.thii tho mountains are chithod and woro mi loiiir bf-foro the c«inquf*t<t, , 
[o t.to AUinsjiiioH that wantb'r on the plains nf Smth Amorici. are pi'rtoctly ■ 
i-ar'i) iinki^i, and conMNjuently aro alway.** ex|N»!*»'il tn the vertical ra).* f»f the 
'I'h'-o facts >h«iw that the rnjour of tho .\iiifrir:>.ii I'n'pfiid-* vory littio un 
I.H-nl xjluation which ho actiiaily tircupio.-*; ami iK\fr m tho same indi\ulMal 
t:tir>i- p'lrtjf of the Un!v that art- con.*>(anllv covi'p-d i>f a fairor colour than 
•' Ml ci>ntact with the air. 

I t!;»- warmer iHH:tions of thi^cnntinenl, tho Al«irii:ino^ live u|K>n fruits or n*.li« : 
.-* •'•■ii:ul re:ri«»n**. ihov an* obliijotl to h-ivc n-co'ir*"*' U* tSii* chaM* : on tho riv»-rii 
lonLf The hhoresi of lnkf.*!<, or on th** iH*at.*ori-t.<^, (ii>-v il**mMiil on ti-h as th«>ir 

I arlii lo i.f f(Hiil. In an omer«,'fncy the Iiuinns dn ont M*rtiplu to t"•'^^i im ."-or- 
s. l« hIs and li/ard!*. and i n tli*- birva of inMCis, ami ntluT di*:,ni!.tin}r iihjt'ctj*. 
If r««*l th»'ir ino:iT, nthi-rs I'miI jt, and not imiI> .-"ovvral sur.o'* trjU>. hul evon 
ii*;...-*ii Peruvians, oat ihoir tli>!i raw. Tho u::<«iiiai:.s a irdm ii«Jir tiic : 

II c". I .it a FjM^cioi* of iHictiifiiis clay, ami tho !.nm«' practice has Ummi f"«ind to' 

III rjr,:iinir some trilM*s in Hri/i). uiiil on iho N«ni».T-« of the Arctic ()ocin. A 
Nr (it triU'« in liraz:!. ami in tho liniiin of the ()r!n<K'o, and »tiinc in all parts 
iinorica, indulirc in liio horrid bam|uet of hiinrin tloah. 



iS SOUTH .VMKBICA. 

AmoiigM Uii> nborisinCii thimif^hout the coiitinimt. wtUi mmii* mm k»ci 
n wfinian it tho a\ave oT Uie man. Slit ivribriii* all tiiu nenwl officm, 
E liurUana, uullivolM Ilia erouiMi, ond in maDy cam* ■« Dol kll(iW«d to Ml m 
-jImIi iu ihfl {itonmco of iho olliur »cx. I'olynunjr m bf no mou 
omoiiir tbe nativn tritNUi but i[ m ufton cliockdil by \ha AtSatltf r£ , 
■uppwiiDf; tijoro ihoa one wife, and uniiiD nntioiurilci not comuoaanca lit* pncMa. 
Soiiiu tribw kill llicii' prisoner* ; i>tli«n adopt them inio all the priTilegca of ttw 
t/ibe, and foi oilien umpluy tJiom u vUrm, id wtucb capacity Ibay an toraat 
over k> tho wom^a 

Tlie govemnieiib of Sitin at>d Purtnea). aided by tJw >I«ri-out aait of 
rnllitioufi nrdem, ba*o ■upporlod niinion> in Mexico, I* PUla, Vmra, BraxUt ul 
New GroDada, for mnra iWu ivro oentutbu : mart uftbeaa ban hoen lately 
doiwil, iu uaufi.i|uuaoe ul* tJiu rvcont revuluiioiii in tlia>« countmai and an 
Iwve left no tnotn oT thsii c;(iitvnee. A Tow Inan, cft prioaU, wUlod anMMf : 



'ona, iMtruelod them itt the tuniut at thu Kuinnn Catholic rellKiioa, aarf tH|ll 

- - «i5« 



them Dumo of tlie tiiure uw&l aria; but tlintie iMUMuiiiiMinu wstv gi 

dvllnl upon the plan iiT the Peruvian Ibrocrocy ; the convoria * 

cmnplDte itale oT lutulage ; the praducu of their labour baean 
p#rry of iho cuininunitf< wtiich waa mana^rrit by thnir njlisic 

pnwruH noa mnila in oalabliriiinK an inclcfJcinliMit, ■elCmatabii „ , 

^Uth Amivii-A ooutaiiu tJic tullnwinft pulilii-al divlaluo^ Hit n|)uUic« oTNa* 
Gmnada, Vfmeiiiola, and Eijundor, or I'^i^iintor, oimpniM what CDtaatitatad, uld 
1§31, the Kupablco of Calonibm: thi-y occupy Iho iKirth«ra |Wt of Ihe eonti 
Tbo eolonio* of Guioina, bdonitini; la Great uritaiu, Ptanca, aod Iliillaad, «i 
the north-coiL Tbe empim at I^iil. the moil nxtcDnve and pofnlnoa ef «U Iftv 
South Atnurlean ilateti, MlvDitocivor tlie eentnl, uid tnora tliaa cae^nlf oT tka 
eoatcra, roctioik of th« aoiithom conlinenL Wral of Bmail b Um w^Mic tt B^ 
livia (rormerly koown u Uppnr Peru), and tboao of Vera aad SaOih Pcra. IW 
Kjioiu romilDg the Wrriturv of iJimo auiteii troru once all uOm^ahMdad <nd« ' 
(Tcdoral name of Peru. Southward of itimw, anil alonj; tha wvtfarti naaft 
lendi the mpublic of Chili. Eaatwikrd of Chili, and oocupyuBi BMMly lb* tm 

Cat tho codlinent, ia the republic i>f Baoiioa Ayrsn, Imow* aln u thv Ul 
iiKM of Uiu Kid do U l